A small denarius hoard from near Wakefield

(curently unpublished in any journal)

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During the excavation of a pond a small parcel of silver Roman denarii were encountered. A total of 16, all illustrated at the end of this page, have come to light in two distinct groups, although the date of the coins suggests that they are from the same source. No bronze coins have been found and this is not unusual as coins of different metals were seldom hoarded together.

 

A number of similar small finds of denarii have come to light from northern England, for example:

 

Weston, Cheshire, 1982 (12 denarii Domitian to Hadrian)

Birdoswald, Cumberland, 1930 (30 denarii Republic to Hadrian)

Birdoswald, Cumberland, 1948 (28 denarii Republic to Hadrian)

Stanwix, Cumberland, 1930 (9 denarii Domitian to Hadrian)

Waddington, Lincolnshire, 1989 (29 denarii Nero to Hadrian)

Lancaster, Lancashire, 1856 (19 denarii Republic to Hadrian)

Boston Spa, West Yorkshire, 1848 (172 denarii Republic to Hadrian)

Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, 1925 (26 denarii Vitellius to Hadrian)

How Stean Beck, North Yorkshire, 1868 (25 denarii plus 4 bronze Nero to Hadrian)

Cookridge, West Yorkshire, 1708 (17 denarii plus 1 bronze Vitellius to Hadrian)

Thorpe on the Hill, West Yorkshire, 1902 (11 denarii plus 8 bronze Vespasian to Hadrian)

 

This last small hoard demonstrates that there is other evidence of Roman activity in the vicinity of Wakefield.

 

The coins identified at present date from the fifth consulship of the emperor Vespasian (69-79AD) which occurred in AD74 through to coins of Hadrian (117-38AD) made during his third consulship. Unfortunately Hadrian's third consulship is noted on coins right through from AD119 to 138. It is possible, however, to provide a closer date for the latest coin of 137 AD. The second parcel of coins contaned a coin of the Ceasar Aelius in unworn condition suggesting it was deposited very soon after manufacture (P.V.Hill The Dating and Arrangement of the Undated Coins of Rome AD 98-148).

 

 

 

No

 

Obverse

 

Reverse

 

Weight

(g)

 

Date

 

Reference

 

Vespasian 69-79 

 

1

(A)

 

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

PON MAX TRP COS V

Vespasian seated right holding sceptre and branch

 

3.10

 

74AD

 

BMC 136

C 364

RIC 77

 

2

(B)

 

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

PON MAX TRP COS V

Vespasian seated right holding sceptre and branch

 

2.75

 

74AD

 

BMC 136

C 364

RIC 77

 

3

(A)

 

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

PON MAX TRP COS VI

Pax seated left holding branch

 

3.05

 

75AD

 

BMC 161

C 366

RIC 90

 

4

(B)

 

CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

ANNONA AVG

Annona seated left

 

3.15

 

78-9AD

 

BMC 295

C 28

RIC 131a

 

 

Domitian (Caesar) 73-81

 

 

5

(B)

 

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS

Laureate bust right

 

COS V

Soldier (Domitian ?) on horseback prancing right

 

3.15

 

77-8AD

 

BMC 235

C 49 var

RIC -

 

Domitian 81-96 

 

6

(A)

 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII

Laureate bust right

 

IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS PP P

Minerva standing left holding vertical spear

 

3.12

 

89AD

 

BMC 150

C 244

RIC 134

 

7

(B)

 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII

Laureate bust right

 

IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS PP P

Minerva walking right

 

3.17

 

89AD

 

BMC 151

C 252

RIC 137

 

Trajan 98-117 

 

8  (B)

 

IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM

Laureate bust right

 

PONT MAX TR POT COS II

Pax standing left holding branch and cornucopia

 

3.27

 

99AD

 

BMC 14

C 292

RIC -

 

9

(A)

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP

Laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder

 

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC

Clothed Victory standing left holding branch and laurel wreath

 

3.04

 

107AD

 

BMC 335

C 75a

RIC -

 

10

(A)

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP

Laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder

 

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC

Victory, naked to waist, standing left holding branch and laurel wreath

 

3.40

 

107AD

 

BMC 328

C 74

RIC 128

 

11 (B)

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP

Laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder

 

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC

Fortuna standing left with rudder and cornucopia, ships prow at feet

 

3.20

 

107AD

 

BMC 306

C 87var

RIC 122

 

12 (B)

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP

Laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder

 

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC

Roma seated left holding victoriola and spear

 

2.80

corroded

 

108AD

 

BMC 276

C 69

RIC 116

 

13 (B)

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP

Laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder

 

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC DAC CAP

Dacian captive seated leftt on a pile of arms

 

3.35

 

108AD

 

BMC 391

C 120

RIC 98

 

Hadrian 117-138 

 

14

(A)

 

IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

PM TRP COS III

Genius standing left holding patera (bowl) over altar

 

3.20

 

122AD

 

BMC 179

C 1091

RIC 90

 

15

(A)

 

IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG

Laureate bust right

 

PM TRP COS III SAL AVG

Salus seated left holding patera, snake rising from altar

 

3.02

 

123AD

 

BMC 314

C 1324

RIC 137a

 

 

Aelius (Caesar) 136-8

 

 

16

(B)

 

L AELIVS CAESAR

Bare bust right

 

TR POT COS II

Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia

 

3.26

 

137AD

 

BMC 969

C 50

RIC 430

 

BMC               Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum (1923-62)

C                     (Cohen) Description Historique des Monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain (1880-92)

RIC                 Roman Imperial Coinage (Volume 2, original edition)

 

(A) and (B) refer to the two parcels just in case they should be considered as two separate deposits.

 

(A)

 

 

(B)

 

 

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