The heirs of Constantine  

Rome: The Valentinian Emperors to the Fall

363 to 457 A.D.

With the accession of Valentinian I in the West and his brother Valens in the East in 364 AD, the split between the East and West of the Roman Empire was reaching it's conclusion. The West was facing not just military incursions of the "Barbarians" such as the Goths and Vandals, but the settling of Roman land by them as feoderati, i.e. by treaty, and infiltration of government by educated "barbarians"

In 378 AD, Valens was defeated at Adrianople, by armies of the Visigoths and Ostrogoths, when two thirds of the Roman army of the East were destroyed. The situation was saved by the elevation of Theodosius I as emperor in the East.

During the reign in the West of Honorius (293-423 AD), Rome was sacked. In 410 AD Honorius wrote to the citizens of Britain telling them to look out for themselves.

The emperors in Rome became little more than puppets of "barbarian" masters and in 476 AD, Odovacar was proclaimed king and sent the regalia of the infant emperor, Romulus Augustus, to the Eastern emperor, Zeno, declaring that the West no longer needed a separate emperor. This was the effective end of Rome in the west, although territory was re-captured by eastern emperors, only to be lost again.

List of Emperors
Interactive table of mints and Mintmarks Information on references used Information on Roman Denominations

Click on image for more details and history

WESTERN EMPERORS and USURPERS
Valentinian I
364 - 375 AD
Centenionalis
Valentinian I
364 - 375 AD
Centenionalis
Gratian
367 - 383 AD
Maiorina
Gratian
367 - 383 AD
Centenionalis
Gratian
367 - 383 AD
Centenionalis
Valentinian II
375 - 392 AD
AR Siliqua
Valentinian II
375 - 392 AD
Double Centenionalis
Valentinian II
375 - 392 AD
Centenionalis
Magnus Maximus
383 - 388 AD
AR Siliqua
Magnus Maximus
383 - 388 AD
Maiorina of Arelate
Flavius Victor
387 - 388 AD
AR Siliqua
Eugenius
392 - 394 AD AR
AR Siliqua
Honorius
393 - 423 AD
AV Solidus
Constantine III
407 - 411 AD
AR Siliqua
Constans 408 - 411 AD
Maximus 409 - 411 AD
Priscus Attalus 409-410/414-415 AD
Jovinus
411 - 413 AD
AR Siliqua
Sebastianus 412 - 413 AD
Constantius III 421 AD
Galla Placidia
Honoria
Johannes
423 - 425 AD
Half Centenionalis
Valentinian III
425 - 455 AD
AV Solidus
Licinia Eudoxia
Petronius Maximus 455 AD
Avitus 455 - 456 AD
Majorian 457 - 461 AD
Libius Severus
461 - 465 AD
Half Centenionalis
Anthemius
467 - 472 AD
AV Solidus
Euphemia
Olybrius 472 AD
Glycerius 473 - 474 AD
Julius Nepos 474 - 475 AD
Romulus Augustus 475 - 476 AD

EASTERN EMPERORS and USURPERS
Valens
364 - 378 AD
AV Solidus
Valens
364 - 378 AD
Centenionalis
Valens
364 - 378 AD
Centenionalis
Procopius
365 - 366 AD
Centenionalis
Theodosius I
379 - 395 AD
AR Siliqua
Theodosius I
379 - 395 AD
Double Maiorina
Theodosius I
379 - 395 AD
Centenionalis
Aelia Flaccilla
Wife of Theodosius I
Maiorina
Arcadius
383 - 408 AD
Double Maiorina
Eudoxia
Wife of Arcadius
Centenionalis
Theodosius II
402 - 450 AD
AV Solidus
Theodosius II
402 - 450 AD
Centenionalis
Theodosius II
402 - 450 AD
Half Centenionalis
Aelia Pulcheria
414 - 453 AD
AV Tremissis

Eudocia
Marcian
450 - 457 AD
AV Solidus
Leo I
457 - 466 AD
AV Solidus
Verina
Ariadne
Leo II 473 - 474 AD
Basiliscus 475 - 476 AD
Zeno
476 - 491 AD
AV Solidus
Zeno And Leo Caesars
Leontius 484 - 488 AD
Anastasius I 491 - 518 AD

The Republic
The Julio-Claudian Emperors
The Flavian, Adoptive and Antonine Emperors
The Severan Emperors
The Barrack Room Emperors
The Gallic Empire
Aurelian's Monetary Reforms
The Tetrarchy, Constantine and Licinius
The heirs of Constantine
The Valentinian Emperors to the Fall
Roman Imitative Coins