The Julio-Claudian Emperors

Rome: The Republic

150 to 30 B.C.

Traditionally Rome was founded in 753 BC, when Romulus killed Remus, giving his name to the city. After this, Rome Rome was ruled by kings, initially local chieftains and then in 616 BC by Etruscan kings. The last of these was killed in 510 BC, when the Republic was born. Gradually the Romans took control of the rest of Italy, although Rome was sacked by the Gauls in 391 BC. The Punic Wars (264-241 BC, 218-201 BC, 150-146 BC) were fought against Carthage for the control of Sicily and ultimately, the Mediterranean. During the Second Punic War, Philip V of Macedonia made an alliance with Hannibal. This led to Roman conquest of Greece and then the Seleucid Empire in the eastern Mediterranean.

Power struggles by powerful political and military leaders, such as Marius against Sulla, and Pompey against Caesar, led to social upheavals and civil wars in the first century BC. However Roman hegemony was extended over Gaul and Spain. The final conflict between Mark Antony and Octavian led to victory for Octavian, who became the first Emperor, Augustus.

Coinage started around 289 BC, originally as cast brass coinage, followed by coins in all three metals, but most notably the silver Denarius. The Senate appointed a committee of three magistrates, known as tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, the three men for the casting and striking of bronze, silver and gold. These posts were no doubt seen to be a privilege and were held by men from aristocratic families. Consequently, they have left their names inscribed on their coins, often with images alluding to their families greatness.

List of Moneyers
Information on references used Information on Roman Denominations

Click on image for more details and history
Anonymous
217-215 BC
AE Uncia
Anonymous
209-200 BC
AR Denarius
Decimius Flavus
c. 150 BC
AR Denarius
Ti. Veturius
c. 137 BC
AR Denarius
Sextus Pompeius
c. 137 BC
AR Denarius
Lucius Opeimius
131 BC
AR Denarius
M.Fourius L.f. Philus
119 BC
AR Denarius
M. Sergius Silus
116/115 BC
AR Denarius
Man. Aemilius Lepidus
114 - 113 BC
AR Denarius
C. Fonteius
114 - 113 BC
AR Denarius
P. Licinius Nerva
113 - 112 BC
AR Denarius
L. Marcius Philippus
113 - 112 BC
AR Denarius
Q. Lutatius Cerco
109 BC - 108 BC
AR Denarius
Mn. Fonteius
108 BC - 107 BC
AR Denarius
C. Sulpicius C.f.
106 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus
103 BC
AR Denarius
C. Fundanius
101 BC
Fouree silver plated denarius
D. Junius L.f. Silanus
91 BC
AR Denarius
L. Calpurnius Piso L.f. L.n. Frugi
90 BC
AR Denarius
Q. Titius
90 BC
Fouree silver plated denarius
L. Rubrius Dossenus
87 BC
AR Denarius
Mn. Fonteius C.f.
85 BC
AR Denarius
C. Licinius L.f. Macer
84 BC
AR Denarius
Q. Antonius Balbus
83-82 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
L. Marcius Censorinus
82 BC
AR Denarius
C. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus
82 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
Sulla & Manlius Torquatus
82 BC
AR Denarius
A. Postumius A.f. S..n. Albinus
81 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
C. Marius C.f. Capito
81 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius
81 BC
AR Denarius
L. Lucretius Trio
75 BC
AR Denarius
C. Egnatius Cn. F. Cn. N. Maxsumus
75 BC
AR Denarius
Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus
76-75 BC
AR Denarius
Mn. Aquillius Mn. f. Mn. n.
71 BC
AR Denarius (serrated)
L. Cassius Longinus
63 BC
AR Denarius
L. Scribonius Libo
62 BC
AR Denarius
M. Aemilius Lepidus
c. 61 BC
AR Denarius
M. Aemilius Scaurus
& P. Plautius Hypsaeus
58 BC, AR Denarius
P. Fonteius P.f. Capito
c. 55 BC
AR Denarius
Aulus Plautius
55 BC
AR Denarius
Q. Cassius Longinus
55 BC
AR Denarius
Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus
= M. Junius Brutus, 54 BC
AR Denarius
T. Carisius
46 BC
AR Denarius
M. Porcius Cato Uticenis
47 BC - 46 BC
AR Quinarius
Julius Caesar
49 BC - 48 BC
AR Denarius
Octavian & Mark Antony
41 BC
AR plated Denarius
Sextus Pompey
b. 67 BC - d. 35 BC
AE As
Mark Antony
b. 83 BC - d. 30 BC
AR Denarius (Legionary type)
Mark Antony
b. 83 BC - d. 30 BC
AR Denarius (Legionary type)






The Republic
The Julio-Claudian Emperors
The Flavian, Adoptive and Antonine Emperors
The Severan Emperors
The Barrack Room Emperors
The Gallic Empire
The Soldier Emperors
The Tetrarchy, Constantine and Licinius
The heirs of Constantine
The Valentinian Emperors to the Fall
Roman Imitative Coins