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Area/Ruler: France: Philip VI de Valois
Reigned: 1328-1350
Denomination: AR Gros a la queue
Date of Issue: September 1348
Obverse: Legend in two concentric circles around Latin Cross which crosses inside legend, crown above. "Bn DICTV SIT nOmE : Dnl : nRI : DEI : IhV : XPE/ PhILIPVS REX"
Reverse: Twelve fleur de lys in circles around edge. Legend inside "TVRONVS CIVS". Centre Castle Tournois.
Reference: Duplessy 265, Ciani 306, Roberts 2505, Laf. 268
Weight: 3.1 gms
Diameter: 26.8 mm

Philip VI de Valois

Philip VI, 1293–1350, king of France (1328–50), was the son of Charles of Valois and grandson of King Philip III. He succeeded his cousin Charles IV, invoking the Salic law to set aside both Charles's daughter and King Edward III of England, the son of Charles's sister. He was the first French king of the house of Valois. By the victory of Cassel, Philip reinstated the count of Flanders, whom he supported against the rebellious Flemings. After 1337, Philip's reign was dominated by the opening phases of the Hundred Years War with England. In 1340 the French fleet was destroyed at Sluis. The following year Philip intervened in the succession conflict in Brittany on behalf of his nephew Charles of Blois; Edward III landed in Britanny to aid Charles's rival John of Montfort. Philip and Edward signed a three-year truce in 1343, but it lasted only two years. Edward invaded Normandy and defeated (1346) Philip at Crécy. In 1347 the English captured Calais, which they held for nearly two centuries. To finance the war Philip resorted to extraordinary sources of revenue, including the sale of privileges to provincial assemblies, a general salt tax (gabelle), loans, and the debasement of the coinage. Late in his reign France was ravaged by the Black Death. Philip added Montpellier and the Dauphiné to the royal domain. His son, John II, succeeded him.

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