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ROMAN EMPIRE, Carausius, Diocletian & Maximianus - Antoninianus3933 viewsObv.: CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI, jugate, radiate & cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian & Carausius left Rev.:PAX A-VGGG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch & vertical scepter; S P/C. Mint Camulodunum. (Struck circa 292-293 AD)59 commentspostumus
MARKET, NERO, (Macellum Magnum)2452 viewsOrichalcum dupondius, RIC 400, S 1963 variety, VF, 13.65g, 28.9mm, 180o, Lugdunum mint, 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P, laureate head left; reverse MAC AVG S C, front view of the Macellum Magnum (great market), two-story domed section with porticoes approached by steps with a dolphin on each side and containing statue of Neptune holding a long scepter on pedestal, wings of two stories of unequal height.

The Macellum Magnum was a shopping mall located on the Caelian Hill in Rome, dedicated by Nero in 59 A.D. It had flanking wings of slightly different construction and a central dome possibly 120 feet (36 meters) in diameter. Records indicate it was still open in the 4th century. Part of it may be incorporated into the church of S. Stefano Rotundo which stands today. It was the model for many medieval government buildings in Europe, all U.S. state capitols and the U.S. national capitol building.
5 commentsJoe Sermarini
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus & Agrippa, AE As, COL NEM2376 viewsAugustus & Agrippa, AE As, 28mm (12.83 gm). Addorsed heads of Agrippa on left, wearing combined rostral crown and laurel wreath, and Augustus on right, wearing oak wreath, IMP above and DIVI F below / Crocodile chained to palm tip, wreath in upper left and COL - NEM above. Nemausus, c. 10 BC - AD 10. RIC I 158 (pg. 51).
28 commentssocalcoins
Walls of Balkh.jpg
Afghanistan, Balkh2315 viewsThe walls of Balkh, Afganistan1 commentsJoe Sermarini
1701a, Saladin, 1169-11931896 viewsAYYUBID: Saladin, 1169-1193, AR dirham (2.92g), Halab, AH580, A-788, lovely struck, well-centered & bold, Extremely Fine, Scarce.

His name in Arabic, in full, is SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB ("Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job"), also called AL-MALIK AN-NASIR SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF I (b. 1137/38, Tikrit, Mesopotamia--d. March 4, 1193, Damascus), Muslim sultan of Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, and the most famous of Muslim heroes.

In wars against the Christian crusaders, he achieved final success with the disciplined capture of Jerusalem (Oct. 2, 1187), ending its 88-year occupation by the Franks. The great Christian counterattack of the Third Crusade was then stalemated by Saladin's military genius.

Saladin was born into a prominent Kurdish family. On the night of his birth, his father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, gathered his family and moved to Aleppo, there entering the service of 'Imad ad-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria. Growing up in Ba'lbek and Damascus, Saladin was apparently an undistinguished youth, with a greater taste for religious studies than military training.
His formal career began when he joined the staff of his uncle Asad ad-Din Shirkuh, an important military commander under the amir Nureddin, son and successor of Zangi. During three military expeditions led by Shirkuh into Egypt to prevent its falling to the Latin-Christian (Frankish) rulers of the states established by the First Crusade, a complex, three-way struggle developed between Amalric I, the Latin king of Jerusalem, Shawar, the powerful vizier of the Egyptian Fatimid caliph, and Shirkuh. After Shirkuh's death and after ordering Shawar's assassination, Saladin, in 1169 at the age of 31, was appointed both commander of the Syrian troops and vizier of Egypt.

His relatively quick rise to power must be attributed not only to the clannish nepotism of his Kurdish family but also to his own emerging talents. As vizier of Egypt, he received the title king (malik), although he was generally known as the sultan. Saladin's position was further enhanced when, in 1171, he abolished the Shi'i Fatimid caliphate, proclaimed a return to Sunnah in Egypt, and consequently became its sole ruler.

Although he remained for a time theoretically a vassal of Nureddin, that relationship ended with the Syrian emir's death in 1174. Using his rich agricultural possessions in Egypt as a financial base, Saladin soon moved into Syria with a small but strictly disciplined army to claim the regency on behalf of the young son of his former suzerain.
Soon, however, he abandoned this claim, and from 1174 until 1186 he zealously pursued a goal of uniting, under his own standard, all the Muslim territories of Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt.

This he accomplished by skillful diplomacy backed when necessary by the swift and resolute use of military force. Gradually, his reputation grew as a generous and virtuous but firm ruler, devoid of pretense, licentiousness, and cruelty. In contrast to the bitter dissension and intense rivalry that had up to then hampered the Muslims in their resistance to the crusaders, Saladin's singleness of purpose induced them to rearm both physically and spiritually.

Saladin's every act was inspired by an intense and unwavering devotion to the idea of jihad ("holy war")-the Muslim equivalent of the Christian crusade. It was an essential part of his policy to encourage the growth and spread of Muslim religious institutions.

He courted its scholars and preachers, founded colleges and mosques for their use, and commissioned them to write edifying works especially on the jihad itself. Through moral regeneration, which was a genuine part of his own way of life, he tried to re-create in his own realm some of the same zeal and enthusiasm that had proved so valuable to the first generations of Muslims when, five centuries before, they had conquered half the known world.

Saladin also succeeded in turning the military balance of power in his favour-more by uniting and disciplining a great number of unruly forces than by employing new or improved military techniques. When at last, in 1187, he was able to throw his full strength into the struggle with the Latin crusader kingdoms, his armies were their equals. On July 4, 1187, aided by his own military good sense and by a phenomenal lack of it on the part of his enemy, Saladin trapped and destroyed in one blow an exhausted and thirst-crazed army of crusaders at Hattin, near Tiberias in northern Palestine.

So great were the losses in the ranks of the crusaders in this one battle that the Muslims were quickly able to overrun nearly the entire Kingdom of Jerusalem. Acre, Toron, Beirut, Sidon, Nazareth, Caesarea, Nabulus, Jaffa (Yafo), and Ascalon (Ashqelon) fell within three months.

But Saladin's crowning achievement and the most disastrous blow to the whole crusading movement came on Oct. 2, 1187, when Jerusalem, holy to both Muslim and Christian alike, surrendered to the Sultan's army after 88 years in the hands of the Franks. In stark contrast to the city's conquest by the Christians, when blood flowed freely during the barbaric slaughter of its inhabitants, the Muslim reconquest was marked by the civilized and courteous behaviour of Saladin and his troops. His sudden success, which in 1189 saw the crusaders reduced to the occupation of only three cities, was, however, marred by his failure to capture Tyre, an almost impregnable coastal fortress to which the scattered Christian survivors of the recent battles flocked. It was to be the rallying point of the Latin counterattack.

Most probably, Saladin did not anticipate the European reaction to his capture of Jerusalem, an event that deeply shocked the West and to which it responded with a new call for a crusade. In addition to many great nobles and famous knights, this crusade, the third, brought the kings of three countries into the struggle.

The magnitude of the Christian effort and the lasting impression it made on contemporaries gave the name of Saladin, as their gallant and chivalrous enemy, an added lustre that his military victories alone could never confer on him.

The Crusade itself was long and exhausting, and, despite the obvious, though at times impulsive, military genius of Richard I the Lion-Heart, it achieved almost nothing. Therein lies the greatest-but often unrecognized--achievement of Saladin. With tired and unwilling feudal levies, committed to fight only a limited season each year, his indomitable will enabled him to fight the greatest champions of Christendom to a draw. The crusaders retained little more than a precarious foothold on the Levantine coast, and when King Richard set sail from the Orient in October 1192, the battle was over.

Saladin withdrew to his capital at Damascus. Soon, the long campaigning seasons and the endless hours in the saddle caught up with him, and he died. While his relatives were already scrambling for pieces of the empire, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his own grave.

H.A.R. Gibb, "The Arabic Sources for the Life of Saladin," Speculum, 25:58-72 (1950). C.W. Wilson's English translation of one of the most important Arabic works, The Life of Saladin (1897), was reprinted in 1971. The best biography to date is Stanley Lane-Poole, Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, new ed. (1926, reprinted 1964), although it does not take account of all the sources.
Ed. J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Mali, West Africa, Timbukto1802 viewsYes it does exist! although it has lost a lot from its glory days in the 14th and 16th centuries, still a fascinating place to visit. Meaning well of the woman named 'Bouctou'. In its day 25,000 students are reputed to have studied there at any one time. Some of the manuscripts can still be viewed; on such varied subjects at medicine, astronomy and arithmetic; sadly they are not well preserved.4 commentsBolayi
L. Marcius Philippus.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Marcia - L. Marcius Phillippus. Denarius 56 B.C.1762 viewsObv: Diademed head of King Ancus Marcius right, lituus behind, ANCVS below.
Rev: Aqueduct (the Aqua Marcia) represented as an arcade of five arches surmounted by equestrian statue right, AQVA MAR (MAR in monogram) within arches, PHILIPPVS on left.
RCV I : 382 | RSC I : Marcia 28.

This moneyer was the step-brother of Octavian, who was just seven years old at the time of this issue. The reverse of this coin commemorates the construction, in 144 B.C., of the Aqua Marcia by Q. Marcius Rex, whose statue appears above the aqueduct.
18 commentsthe_Apostate
GREEK, ATTICA, Athens AR "New Style" Tetradrachm1718 viewsATTICA, Athens. Circa 168/5-50 BC. AR New Style Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.74 gm). Struck circa 136/5 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / A-QE, owl standing right on amphora; magistrates MI-KI and QEO-FRA; Nike in quadriga right in right field, M on amphora, SW below amphora; all within wreath. Cf. Thompson 315-323 (unlisted dies). EF, lightly toned.

Submitted by Ecoli
8 commentsecoli
Israel, Jerusalem - Western Wall and Dome of the Rock1659 viewsThe first century BCE western retaining wall of the Second Jewish Temple, directly in front of the 8th century Dome of the Rock. Friday evening at sunset (beginning of Shabbat).
posted by Zam
1 commentsZam
BYZANTINE, John VIII Palaeologus, 1423-1448, Constantinople, AR Stavraton (Half Hyperpyron)1649 viewsIWANHC ΔECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC / ΘV XAPITI AVTOKPATOP in two circles inside which bust of John facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendila, a pellet in the left and right fields. / IC/I-XC/X Nimbate bust of Christ, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand raised in benediction, all inside dotted and lined circle, surrounded by margin with pellets, inside solid line circle. 6.7g

When voting be careful to compare this with other coins of the same denomination, not the smaller ones which have cause to look even more crude. While this is crude and probably easily bested, I would prefer the coin that ousts this entrant at least have as much of the name of the ruler as does this one (IWA at the top of the outer circle).
7 commentsdougsmit
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1644 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen orriginally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv. Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
25 commentsPetitioncrown
Trajan coin~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan AR Denarius1560 viewsTrajan AR Denarius

Attribution: RIC II, 128, Rome
Date: AD 103-111
GER DAC P M TR P, laureate
head rt., slight drapery on lt.
Reverse: COS V P P S P Q R
OPTIMO PRINC, Victory stg. lt.,
half draped, wreath in rt. hand,
palm in lt.
Size: 18mm
Weight: 3.50 grams

Noah's Coins
10 commentsNoah
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), ITALY - 1 Kronentaler, 17941464 viewsSilver coin with 29,31 grams
Ruler: Franz II. (I.) von Österreich, (1792 - 1835)
Milano mint, (under austrian control)
Ref.: KM#59.1, Dav.: 1390: J.134b.
lincon r2
[1901a] Ardashir I, The Great (AD 224-241) 1423 viewsSASANIAN EMPIRE. Ardashir I, 224-241 AD. AR Drachm; Göbl 10; 4.27 gm; Toned VF. Obverse: Crowned draped bust; Reverse: Fire-altar. Ex Pegasi.

Ardashir I, The Great (AD 226-241)

Ardashir I (early Middle Persian Arđaxšēr "Who has the Divine Order as his Kingdom"), also known as Ardashīr-i Pāpagān "Ardashir, son of Pāpağ" Ardeshiri Babakan, and as Artaxerxes, was ruler of Persia (226–241) and the founder of the Sassanid dynasty (226–651). Other variants of his name appear as Artaxares, Artashastra, Ardaxshir, Ardasher, Artashir and Artakhshathra.

Early Years
Ardashir I was born in the late 2nd century in Istakhr, (located today in Iran) a vassal kingdom of the Parthian Empire. His father Pāpağ (sometimes written as Pāpak or Babak) deposed the previous king, Gochihr, and took his throne. His mother may have been named Rodhagh. During his father's reign, Ardashir I ruled the town of Darabjird and received the title of "argbadh". Upon Pāpağ's death, Ardashir I's elder brother Šāpūr ascended to the throne. However, Ardashir I rebelled against his brother and took the kingship for himself in 208.

Ardashir I rapidly extended his territory, demanding fealty from the local princes of Fars and gaining control over the neighboring provinces of Kerman, Isfahan, Susiana, and Mesene. This expansion brought the attention of the Arsacid Great King Artabanus IV (216–224), Ardashir I's overlord and ruler of the Parthian Empire, who marched against him in 224. Their armies clashed at Hormizdeghan, and Artabanus IV was killed. Ardashir I went on to invade the western provinces of the now-defunct Parthian Empire. This led to a confrontation between Kurds and Aradshir I which is recorded in a historical text named "Book of the Deeds of Ardashir son of Babak". It is written in Pahlavi script. In this book, the author explains the battle between King of the Kurds, "Madig" and Ardashir I.

Crowned in 226 as the sole ruler of Persia, and taking the title Šāhānšāh "King of Kings" (his consort Adhur-Anahid took the title "Queen of Queens"), Ardashir I finally brought the 400 year-old Parthian Empire to an end and began four centuries of Sassanid rule.
Over the next few years, Ardashir I further expanded his new empire to the east and northwest, conquering the provinces of Sistan, Gorgan, Khorasan, Margiana (in modern Turkmenistan), Balkh, and Chorasmia. Bahrain and Mosul were also added to Sassanid possessions. Furthermore, the Kings of Kushan, Turan, and Mekran recognized Ardashir as their overlord. In the West, assaults against Hatra, Armenia and Adiabene met with less success.

Religion and State
According to historian Arthur Christensen, the Sassanid state as established by Ardashir I was characterized by two general trends which differentiated it from its Parthian predecessor: a strong political centralization and organized state sponsorship of Zoroastrianism.

The Parthian Empire had consisted of a loose federation of vassal kingdoms under the suzerainty of the Great King. Ardashir I, perhaps seeing from his own successes the weaknesses of such decentralized authority, established a strong central government by which to rule Persia. The empire was divided into cantons, the dimensions of which were based on military considerations. These cantons were designed to resist the influence of hereditary interests and feudal rivalries. Local governors who descended from the ruling family bore the title of shāh. In an attempt to protect royal authority from regional challenges, the personal domains of the Sassanids and branch families family were scattered across the empire. While the old feudal princes (vāspuhrs) remained, they were required to render military service with their local troops (for the most part peasant levies). The lesser nobility was cultivated as a source of military strength, forming the elite cavalry of the army, and the royal household found a useful (and presumably reliable) military force through the hiring of mercenaries.

Zoroastrianism had existed in the Parthian Empire, and its holy text, the Avesta, had likely been compiled during the years of the Arsacid dynasty. The Sassanids could trace their heritage to the Temple of Anahita at Staxr, where Ardashir I's grandfather had been a dignitary. Under Ardashir I, the Zoroastrian (sometimes called Mazdean) religion was promoted and regulated by the state. The Sassanids built fire temples and, under royal direction, a new and official version of the Avesta was compiled by a cleric named Tansār. The government officially backed the Zurvanist doctrine of the religion, which emphasized the concept of time as the "original principle", over the competing doctrine of Vayism, which stressed the importance of space over time. Despite this state backing of a particular sect, it appears that other religious practices were tolerated so long as they did not interfere with the political authority of the Sassanids.

In other domestic affairs, Ardashir I maintained his familial base in Fars, erecting such structures as the Ghal'eh Dokhtar and the Palace of Ardashir. Despite these impressive structures, he established his government at the old Parthian capital of Ctesiphon on the Tigris River. He also rebuilt the city of Seleucia, located just across the river, which had been destroyed by the Romans in 165, renaming it Veh-Ardashir. Trade was promoted and important ports at Mesene and Charax were repaired or constructed.

War with Rome
In the latter years of his reign, Ardashir I engaged in a series of armed conflicts with Persia's great rival to the west – the Roman Empire.

Ardashir I's expansionist tendencies had been frustrated by his failed invasions of Armenia, where a relative of the former Arsacid rulers of Parthia sat on the throne. Given Armenia's traditional position as an ally of the Romans, Ardashir I may have seen his primary opponent not in the Armenian and Caucasian troops he had faced, but in Rome and her legions.

In 230 Ardashir I led his army into the Roman province of Mesopotamia, unsuccessfully besieging the fortress town of Nisibis. At the same time, his cavalry ranged far enough past the Roman border to threaten Syria and Cappadocia. It seems that the Romans saw fit to attempt a diplomatic solution to the crisis, reminding the Persians of the superiority of Roman arms, but to no avail. Ardashir I campaigned unsuccessfully against Roman border outposts again the following year (231). As a result, the Roman emperor Alexander Severus (222–235) moved to the east, establishing his headquarters at Antioch, but experienced difficulties in bringing his troops together and thus made another attempt at diplomacy, which Ardashir I rebuffed.

Finally, in 232, Severus led his legions in a three-pronged assault on the Persians. However, the separate army groups did not advance in a coordinated fashion, and Ardashir I was able to take advantage of the disorder and concentrate his forces against the enemy advancing through Armenia, where he was able to halt the Roman advance. Hearing of the Roman plans to march on his capital at Ctesiphon, Ardashir I left only a token screening force in the north and met the enemy force that was advancing to the south, apparently defeating it in a decisive manner. However, one can discern that the Persians must have suffered considerable losses as well, as no attempt was made to pursue the fleeing Romans. Both leaders must have had reason to avoid further campaigning, as Severus returned to Europe in the following year (233) and Ardashir I did not renew his attacks for several years, probably focusing his energies in the east.

On 237 Ardashir I, along with his son and successor Shapur I (241–272), again invaded Mesopotamia. This effort resulted in successful assaults on Nisibis and Carrhae and the shock this caused in Rome led the emperor to revive the Roman client-state of Osroene. In 241, Ardashir I and Shapur finally overcame the stubborn fortress of Hatra. Ardashir I died later in the year.

Final Assessment
Ardashir I was an energetic king, responsible for the resurgence of Persia, the strengthening of Zoroastrianism, and the establishment of a dynasty that would endure for four centuries. While his campaigns against Rome met with only limited success, he achieved more against them than the Parthians had done in many decades and prepared the way for the substantial successes his son and successor Shapur I would enjoy against the same enemy.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), BAVARIA (German State) - TALER, 17561392 viewsSilver coin with 28,45 grams
Ruler: Maximilian III. Joseph (1745 - 1777)
Obv.: D.G.MAX.IOS.U.B&P.S.D.C.P.R.S.I.A. & EL.L.L.
Ref.: Km# 223.2, Hahn 330, Dav.: 1954
1 commentslincon r2
ROMAN EMPIRE, AGRIPPA AS1378 viewsObverse: M AGRIPPA L F COS III - Head left. Reverse: SC - Neptune standing, holding trident and dolphin. Rome Mint: AD 37-41. RIC I Caligula 58, Cohen 313 commentspostumus
Byzantine, Focas, Follis, Nicomedia, Unpublished year II consular type with mappa and eagle-scepter1372 viewsBronze follis, Hahn 69a (only years 3 and 4 noted), DO 56-60 (lists only years 3 - 7), gVF, 11.48g, 32.0mm, 45o, Nicomedia mint, 603-604 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing wearing consular robes and crown with cross on circlet, mappa in right, eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse XXXX, ANNO above, II right, NIKOA in exergue1 comments
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, TEMPLE1336 viewsObv.:NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right
Rev.: PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, Temple of Janus with latticed windows & garland hung across doors; doors to the right.
Cohen 146
18 commentspostumus
Aelia Flacilla~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aelia Flaccilla AE2. Constantinopolis. RIC IX : 551328 viewsObv: AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG. Diademed and draped bust right.
Obv: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE. Victory seated right on throne, writing Christogram on shield held on small column. In exergue, CON Epsilon (fifth officina).
11 commentsthe_Apostate
ROMAN REPUBLIC, AR Victoriatus, 211-206 B.C.1318 viewsSilver victoriatus, SRCV I 49, RSC I 9, Crawford 53/1, Sydenham 83, EF, Rome mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverse ROMA, Victory right, crowning trophy with wreath in right.

The victoriatus is actually a drachm and was minted to facilitate trade with the Southern Italy Greeks, for which denarii were too new and perhaps not easily understood. Later when Rome's influence in South expanded, about 170 B.C., the production ceased.
3 commentsPhiloromaos
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius I, Argenteus1314 viewsArgenteus struck in Antioch, 8th officina, c.299-305 AD
CONSTANTIVS CAESAR, Laureate head of Constantius right
VIRTVS MILITVM, Campgate, *ANTH* at exergue
3.40 gr
Ref : Cohen #318
Argentei struck in Antioch often give a larger head of the emperor than other mints
For a new and better pic, please follow this link :;topic=34410.0;attach=93566;image

For those who feel uncomfortable with this coin, there is also a discussion about it on the "classical numismatics board" :
20 commentsPotator II
arch of constantine.jpg
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine1307 viewsView of the arch of Constantine from the top of the Colosseum2 commentsTitus Pullo
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius I, AE As, Libertas1305 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP - Bare head left. Rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA - Libertas standing, facing, holding pileus and raising hand; SC across fields. MintRome . RIC 11310 commentspostumus
Augustus RIC I, 86a1299 viewsJochen's Augustus RIC I, 86a
Augustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AR - Denar, 3.74g, 19mm
Colonia Patricia(?), ca. 19 BC - 18 BC
bare head r.
rev. SIGNIS above, RECEPTIS under round shield inscribed with CL.V between
eagle l. and standard r. S.P.Q.R. at the corners of the shield
RIC I, 86a; BMCR 417; RSC 265
good VF, toned

The eagle standards were introduced by Marius similar to the Ptolemaic eagle to each of his legions. This issue celebrates the recovery of the 3 eagle-standards 20 BC by Augustus (by negotiations), which were lost by Crassus 53 BC at the battle of Carrhae against the Parthians. The 3 eagles thereafter were erected in the new temple of Mars Ultor on the Forum of Augustus. The day of recovery was determined public holiday.
11 commentsJochen
Turkey, Ephesus, Library of Celsus1288 viewsOne of the true glories of Ephesus is the reconstructed facade of the Library of Celsus. Dedicated in 120 A.D to the former governor of Asia Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the library contained up to 12,000 scrolls. It was burned when the Goths sacked the city in 260 A. D. The edifice to the right is the Gate of Hadrian which connected the library to the public agora or marketplace.1 commentsmemphius
ARCH, NERO, (Lost Arch of Nero)1270 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC 149, VF, 24.55g, 35.1mm, 45o, Rome mint, 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right wearing aegis; reverse S C, triumphal arch surmounted by statue of Nero in quadriga, Victory on left holds wreath & palm, Pax on right holds caduceus & cornucopia, wreath in archway, Mars nude helmeted statue in niche4 comments
Roman, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1240 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen originally from the Morreti Collection.

Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile.

Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
8 commentsPetitioncrown
Roman Empire, Constantinus with HORSE unlisted coin Arelate Mint ***1221 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Cuirassed , laureated bust left with shield on arm, holding horse by bridle
Sol standing left
8 commentsgb29400
magnentius felicitas reipublicae~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnentius AE Centionalis. (Trier) RIC VIII : 266.1219 viewsObverse: IM CAE MAGN-ENTIVS AVG. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FELICITAS REIPVBLICE. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner; in right field, A; in exergue, TRS crescent.
Struck between A.D.351 and 353.
4 commentsmickdale
ROMAN EMPIRE, Theodosius II Solidus1216 viewsAV Solidus. Constantinople mint. Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG - Three-quarters bust right, draped, cuirassed, holding spear over right shoulder and shield in left hand Rev: VOT XXX MVLT XXXXS - Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter, her left foot sits on the prow of a galley and at rear of her throne, a shield sits; in right field, a 'star'. Exe: CONOB : AD 430-440, RIC X, 257 (s) Scarce, page 259/ 4.48 g. FDC.
11 commentsLordBest
Tigress - Gallienus1199 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 230 (sole reign), EF, excellent portrait, 3.16g, 19.9mm, 0 deg, Rome mint, 260-268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse LIBERO P CONS AVG, Tigress left looking up roaring; B in ex4 commentsJoe Sermarini
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan AE Sestertius1196 viewsTrajan Sestertius with Trajan on horseback on the reverse. Rather nice green patina.8 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Owl - This zoo needs an OWL! Preferably a perky owl..1186 viewsCalabria --Circa 281-272 BC. AR Drachm (3.16 gm). Helmeted head of Athena left; helmet decorated with skylla hurling a stone / [TARANTINWN], owl standing right on thunderbolt, wings spread. Vlasto 1077ff; SNG ANS 1320 14 commentsfeatherz
POST MEDIEVAL, Austria, Leopold I, 1695, 1 TALER1183 viewsSilver coin with 28,45 grams
Ruler: Leopold I (the Hogmouth), 1658 - 1705
Mint city: Vienna
Ref.: KM#1871, Dav.: 3229A
lincon r2
Turkey, Ephesus - Curetes Street1178 viewsLooking down Curetes Street named after the priests who presided over the sacred fire of Hestia. The street is paved with marble slabs with sidewalks covered in mosaics.
3 commentsmemphius
cyprus 2.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century"1170 viewsMosaic in "The House of the Century"1 commentsJeroen
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, 323-281 BC Thrace1145 viewsAR - Tetradrachm struck in Lampsakos, 286-281 BC
Obv. Head of Alexander the Great, wearing taenia and horn of Ammon
Rev. BASILEWS – LYSIMAXOY Athena, wearing Corinthian helmet, in long robe, seated facing left on throne, left arm resting on shield decorated with lion's-head, spear pointing downwards behind her right shoulder, holding in outstretched right hand winged Nike who is crowning the name with wreath. In left field monogram HP (ligate); in exergue, crescent with cavity left.
28.8mm, 16.85g
Ref. Thompson 47; Müller 401; SNG Paris 2542
23 commentsalexB
Italy, Vulci - Great Temple1127 viewsEtruscan temple was at this site since 6th century BC, rebuilt by Romans.Johny SYSEL
Licinia - Votazioni.jpg
Gens Licinia. Roman republic. 1109 viewsWith another coin of Gens Cassia, it's to my knowledge the only coin representing the democratic act of voting. A lesson of democracy for the other ancient countries, but even for us...
5 commentsPLINIUS
Antioch vs. Rome1094 viewsOne way to distinguish Gordian's Antioch products from Rome is by letter shape, in particular, the letter M; on Antioch coins it is formed with a V in the middle thus IVI, whereas the Rome M is two lambdas thus Λ Λ. Joe Sermarini
Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1088 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen originally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv.Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
10 commentsPetitioncrown
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Nicopolis ad Istrum1075 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Caracalla. 198-217 AD. Æ 26mm (11.90 gm). Ovinius Tertullus, magistrate. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Apollo Sauroktonos ("Lizardslayer") standing right, holding branch and watching lizard on tree. AMNG I 1518; SNG Copenhagen -. 16 commentsthe_Apostate
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan Decius - FELICITAS SAECVLI1052 viewsObv.:IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust right Rev.: FELICITAS SAECVLI S-C, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae. 15 commentspostumus
GREEK, Attica, Athens, 449-413 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Starr pl. xxii, 61040 viewsHead of Athena right, wearing helmet ornamented with vine scroll and laurel leaves.
Owl facing standing right, head facing, AΘE to right, olive sprig and crescent to left, all within incuse square.
Starr pl. xxii, 6; SNG Copenhagen 33; Sear 2526.
(22 mm, 17.18 g, 10h)
17 commentsLloyd T
177- Aurelian Victoria~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelian Victoria1032 viewsAE Antoninianus, 170-175 AD, Siscia Mint
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm, * left , S Right.
RIC 237 Siscia Mint.
22mm, 3.6gm.
3 commentsjdholds
Trajan RIC II, 2191030 viewsTrajan AD 88 - 117
AR - Denar, 3.15g, 19.9mm
Rome AD 103 - 111
bust laureate, r.
Dacian, in mourning attitude, seated on shield; below curved sword
RIC II, 219; BMCR cf.175

This issue celebrates the triumph of Trajan in the war against Dacia. The 1. Dacian war started AD 101 and by clever strategy, building of bridges over the Danube, AD 102 the Dacian king Decebalus choosed to capitulate and sweared obedience. He was to become a client king. Trajan gained the title DACICVS.
But then Decebalus started new offensives against Rome and Trajan took the field again AD 106. This 2. Dacian war was a brutal struggle. Decebalus committed suicid. The triumph in Rome lasted 123 days. Dacia with its vast wealthy becomes Roman province. Most of the inhabitants were killed or enslaved, their place taken for immigrants. Appolodorus built the huge Trajan column for propaganda.
3 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIANVS BRITANNICVS1028 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
21 commentsPetitioncrown
ROMAN EMPIRE, Marcus Aurelius - SALVTI AVGVSTOR1025 viewsSestertius Obv.: IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M, laureate head right Rev.:SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVII S-C, COS III below, Salus standing left offering a patera to snake arising from altar, and holding scepter. Cohen 564. 23 commentspostumus
Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus1012 views
Constantine I a.jpg
Constantine- Mint of Rome style!1008 viewsVery stern face, and distinctive nose are a dead give-away for Rome issues of Constantine and Licinius. The impressive cuirass is also quite common, while the drapery from Rome has a distinctive "flourish" to it. Very large bust...

From the Collection of Evan Rankin (Wolfgang336)
2 commentswolfgang336
MEDIEVAL, Spain, Kingdom of Leon and Castille, Ferdinand & Isabella, AN Double Excelente, Struck c.A.D.1479-1504.971 viewsObverse: FERNANDVS : Z : ELISABET : DEI : GRA +. Crowned busts of Ferdinand & Isabella facing each other.
Reverse: SVB VMBRA ALARVM TVA. Haloed eagle of the evangelist John behind the crowned united coats of arms of Castile-Leon / Aragon-Sicily.

Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille united Spain and captured the beautiful Moorish city of Granada, thus completing the Reconquista of Spain. After the fall of the last Muslim kingdom, they turned their attention to exploration which led to the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492.

The gold Castellano weighing 4,6g was introduced in Castile by Enrique IV in 1475, the coin was highly valued and therefore called "excelente". In 1483 however, Barcelona and Valencia introduced the gold ducat of 3,5g. In 1497, in order to unify gold coin standards within Spain, a coinage act was passed and the Excelente of 3,5 g and 23,75 carat replaced the Castellano in Castile.
4 commentsgoldcoin
CJSII-0414 obv.JPG
Roman, Aelia Flaccilla969 viewsex FORVM - 2243. Bronze AE2, RIC 43, gVF, 3.1g, 20.8mm, 180o, Nicomedia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG, draped bust right with an elaborate head dress, necklace and mantle; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Aelia Flacilla standing facing head right, arms folded on breast, SMN[ in ex; irregular flan, excellent portrait, black patina beautifully highlighted by read earthen fill, this is the most elaborate hairstyle we have seen on this type; very rare7 commentscscoppa
Queen Elizabeth II Gold Sovereign965 views1964
Obv. Right Facing Queen Elizabeth, REGINA:\ F.D.:ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA
Rev. St. George on horseback slaying dragon
335 ac-Aes Grave.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Aes Grave961 viewsAs Janus /Prow . Turlow-Vecchi n° 51. Weight 273 gr. By Plinius. (...I love it!) 9 commentsPLINIUS
Roman Empire, Titus, AE-As, RIC II 126, RIC-New 226, Roma.959 views022 Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-As, RIC II 126, RIC-New 226, Roma, GENI P R, S-C, Scarce!,
avers:- IMP-T-CAES-VESP-AVG-P-M-TR-P-COS-VIII, Laureat head left.
revers:- GENI-P-R, Genius standing left holding cornucopia and patera. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 12,76g, axis:- h,
mint: , date: , ref: RIC-II-126, p-130, RIC-New-226, C-96,
17 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla -Aegis denarius956 viewsRome, Circa 207,
RIC 165 (R2) ; Cohen 527 (40 fr.) ; BMC p. 258 note.
Much more rare than RIC and Cohen consider !!!
Of the Highest rarity !
Collection Frédéric Weber
18 commentsfrederic W
ROMAN EMPIRE, Procopius ae3, Constantinople956 viewsObv: D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: REPARATI-O FEL TEMP. Emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum in right hand and resting left on shield. At foot, left, a small indeterminate object, possibly a helmet. Above, in right field, Chi-Rho; in exergue, CONS gamma.
RIC IX : 17a (R2)
9 commentsthe_Apostate
China, Great Wall940 viewsIt's a wall and its great, what more do I need to say :) - Bolayi1 commentsBolayi
vesp den _600 hjb capricorn rev.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, silver denarius, RIC 118933 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1058(C), BMC 251, RSC 554
Obv.- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev.- TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l. : below, globe
10 commentsVespasian70
Probus CLEMENTIA TEMP RIC 928~0.jpg
Tripolis mint Probus CLEMENTIA TEMP RIC 928925 viewsAnt. IMP C MAVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R, seen from the back. CLEMENTIA TEMP, Probus receiving globe from Jupiter. Crescent in field, KA in exe. Tripolis, RIC 928, Common.

A good example of the Tripolis style for this emperor; it's quite distinctive, and quite naturalistic by comparison with other mints.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Hungary - 1 Taler, 1782918 viewssilver coin with 27,85 grams
Ruler: Josef II (1765 - 1790)
(B) Kremnitz mint
Obv.: Coat of arms of Hungary - IOS II.D.G.R.IMP.S.A.GHB.REX.A.A.D.B.&.L.
Rev.: Crwned madona with sceptre and the baby Jesus - S.MARIA MATER DAI (B) PATRONA HUNG.1782 . X .
Huszar: 1869, Dav.: 1168
1 commentslincon r2
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye912 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
SEV ALEX-4.jpg
Roman, Severus Alexander Dupondius 908 viewsSeverus Alexander Dupondius
231 A.D. Mint of Rome
Radiate head right
Jupiter walking left, head right, holding thunderbolt.
Cohen 81, RIC629
A beautiful portrait of this emperor
3 commentsMaxentius
Hilaritas907 viewsThe most amusing goddess! Silver denarius, S 5254, RIC M. Aur. 686, RSC 111, gVF, 2.92g, 16.6mm, 180o, Rome mint, 161-175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left holding palm branch and cornucopia1 comments
Vulcan, Claudius II antoninianus902 viewsIMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
RIC 215 ; Cohen 239 (30 fr.)
RIC rate it Common, but it's a very rare coin, Volkano is rarely seen on roman imperial coins.
2 commentsfrederic W
ROMAN EMPIRE, Fausta AE Follis, Rome mint. R4, FDC.900 viewsAE Follis. Bust of Fausta right FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG/Fausta standing holding Constantine II and Constantius II SPES REIPVBLICAE. Rome Mint. R4, the finest known Fausta bronze. Full copper mint lustre covered in a thin browny green patina. Simply superb.7 commentsLordBest
RI 066ab obv.jpg
Roman, Caracalla897 viewsThis seemed such a striking portrait of this notorious emperor that I couldn't resist.5 commentsmaridvnvm
Roman, Claudius894 views10 commentstunaonrye0
Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Hadrian885 viewsA magnificent relief of Medusa filling the interior arch of the temple of Hadrian. Other reliefs of Amazons and the Olympian gods grace the interior.memphius
laureated and draped bust right, Victory on globe in left hand, sceptre in right hand
Point STR Point
Treveri Mint
RIC. VII p.198 , 383 R4

11 commentsgb29400
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla from Tarsos880 viewsCaracalla -- AE30, Tarsos. R: Caracalla wearing wreath and robes of the demiourgos, facing temple and victimarius swinging an ax to slay a sacrificial bull. SNG Levante -, SNG Paris - , SNG Aulock -, SNG Righetti -, Ziegler -. Possibly unpublished? Thanks to Curtis Clay for reference checks. 6 commentsfeatherz
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, AE30, Perinthus877 viewsElagabalus --AE30, Perinthus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Nike standing facing, head left, holding patera over lighted altar, and palm. SNG Copenhagen -; BMC Thrace -; Mionnet -. Good VF, olive patina. An apparently unique and unpublished type. 9 commentsfeatherz
cyprus 1.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century" (Detail)870 viewsDetailJeroen
Troas, Ilion, pseudo-autonomous, Bellinger T129865 viewsTroas, Ilion, pseudo-autonomous, c.79-96 (time of the Flavians)
AE - (Orichalcum-) Semis, 6.86g, 19mm
obv. Bust of Athena, wearing warlike clothes with Corinthian helmet, aegis on her chest, spear over r. shoulder, before which a snake twisting upwords (from the aegis?)
ILI beneath, all in circle of dots
rev. Aineias, bearded, bare-headed, in short military cloak and boots, advancing r., leading his son Askanios, in short chiton, looking upwards to him, with r. hand, and carrying his father Anchises, bearded, head veiled, looking forward, in his l. arm
all in dotted circle
ref.: Bellinger T129; von Fritze 28; RPC II, 895; SNG Copenhagen 368; SNG von Aulock 154; BMC 20
Rare, VF, natural Orichalcum surface, slight roughness
ex Künker Auction 133, lot 8140 (describes the snake as twining around the spear!)

For more informations please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
9 commentsJochen
Laodicea ad Mar, loop up from drapery on Julia Domna denarii864 viewsLaodicea ad Mare is today Latakia, Syria. It was a Phonecian town, refounded by Seleucus I Nicator 301-281 B.C. and renamed after his mother, Laodicea. Coins of Julia Domna from the Laodicea mint can be identified by the loop coming up from her drapery at the neck.5 comments
ROMAN EMPIRE, "Limes" denarius, Caracalla864 viewswhitetd49
Constantine I Provedentiae Avgg~0.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, AE3861 viewsobv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
SMTSE in exergue
RIC Thessalonica 154
2 commentswolfgang336
GREEK, Italy, Campania - Neapolis860 viewsAR Nomus, Neapolis (Naples) mint, c. 300 - 275 B.C.
Obverse: Diademed head of nymph right, wearing triple-pendant earring, grape bunch behind.
Reverse: Man-faced bull standing right, head facing, being crowned by Nike flying right, NEOΠOΛITΩ[N] below.
Weight 7.25 g, Maximum Diameter 21.9 mm, Die Axis 315o.
SNG ANS 317, HN Italy 579, Ex CNG e-auction 92 lot 3;

Neapolis (modern day Naples) was an early Rhodian colony, originally named Parthenope. Its name was changed to Neapolis in ca. 450 BC. The obverse of this issue represents the Siren Parthenope who was the local goddess of Neapolis. The man-headed bull reverse was a type shared by a number of Campanian cities and may have generally been understood as representing Acheloös, the father of Sirens. The name of Acheloös appears in cults throughout the Greek world and in mythology as the archetypal river-god and may have been used in this context in Campania.
Athens Emergency Issue Plated Tetradrachm Circa 406-404 BC858 viewsQuote from David Sear:

"Athens was the greatest power in the Greek world throughout most of the 5th century BC. Its famous 'owl' coinage, principally of silver tetradrachms, possibly commenced in 510 BC on the occasion of the downfall of the tyrant Hippias. On these celebrated coins the helmeted head of the goddess Athena was accompanied by her attendant owl and the first three letters of the ethnic 'AQE'. Later, a diadem of olive leaves was added to Athena's helmet and a cresent moon was placed in the reverse field, though the precise chronological significance of these changes remains uncertain. To the intense chagrin of the Spartans Athens became the leader of the Greek states, including those of Ionia, in the epic struggle against the expansionist policies of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. The victories at Salamis (480 BC) and the Eurymedon (circa 467) clearly established the Athenian supremacy in the Aegean world. Initially, the Delian League (founded in 477) was an alliance of independent states sharing a common cause under the leadership of Athens. It gradually developed into an Athenian maritime empire with the member cities obliged to pay an annual tribute into the League's treasury on Delos. In 454 this treasury, amounting to 5,000 talents of silver, was actually removed to Athens and the vast wealth was openly employed for the aggrandizement of the city, now under the leadership of the great statesman Pericles. Vast building projecdts, such as the monumental edifices on the Acropolis, were financed in this way. From 431, however, Athens became embroiled in the protracted Peloponnesian War and increasingly the wealth of the state was dissipated in this futile cause. This attractive tetradrachm belongs to the exceptionally large ouput of Athenian 'owls' made during the second half of the 5th century. In contrast to the artistic development taking place at mints in other parts of the Mediterranean world, the late archaic style of the earlier 5th century became 'frozen' on these issues which represent the first truly imperial coinage of the Greek world. As Athens restricted or forbade the issue of independent currency at many of the cities within her sphere of influence the 'owls' came to circulate over an increasingly wide area. But this all came to an end with the defeat of Athens by Sparta in 404 BC and during the period immediately preceding this catastrophe the Athenians were reduced to the desperate expedient of issuing bronze tetradrachms and drachms with a thin surface coating of silver. This specimen is an excellent example of this emergency coinage the production of which drew contemporary comment from Aristophanes who, in his play Frogs (717ff), compares the decline in the quality of the leading citizens with the recent debasement of the Athenian coinage."
3 commentsGunner
Altar of Lugdunum848 viewsCAESAR PONT MAX
Laureate head of Augustus, right.
Altar flanked by two columns each surmounted by Victory.
Various sacred items on top; mystic symbols to front.
Copper As 22.5 mm 9.5 gm

Augustus took a risky break with tradition by allowing
himself to be the object of cult adoration. To minimize
the affront to his fellow Romans, he permitted the
practice only in the West. Interestingly, the year of
dedication in 10 BC saw the birth of Claudius in the same
2 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antinous Medallion846 viewsHadrian favourite,Antinous,Medallion 40 gr,39 mm,very fine condition,very rare8 commentsjames
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Heraclea, RIC 16839 viewsSilvered AE3, RIC 16, EF, 3.90g, 19.9mm, 180o, Heraclea mint, 317 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, laureate consular bust left holding mappa and scepter; reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with three turrets, MHTB in exergueJoe Sermarini
Israel, Caesarea835 viewsThe ancient Roman port of Caesarea Maritima in Judaea (now Israel). This port was built by Herod the Great in the 1st century BCE. The view is of a portion of the aquaduct that brought water from the Carmel, just south of Haifa.2 commentsDaniel Friedman
Pupienus portrait - RIC 10(a).jpg
Roman, Pupienus, April - June 238 A.D.833 viewsMARCVS CLODIVS PUPIENVS MAXIMVS was born about 164. He was a Senator in 238 when the revolt of the Gordians broke out against Maximinus I, and he was one of the Senate's "Committee of Twenty" to oversee the defense of Italy in support of the Gordians. When the Gordians were quickly killed in Africa, the Senate made Pupienus and a Senator named Balbinus co-Augusti. Pupienus was to lead the army and Balbinus was to administrate. Maximinus was soon killed by his own men at Aquileia but discontent in Rome led to the murder of Pupienus by the Praetorian Guard on July 29, 238. This portrait is from a Antonianus (ex-Forum) in my collection (see jimwho523's gallery for actual coin)13 commentsjimwho523
China, Great Wall824 viewsMutianyu Great Wall located in Huairou County, Beijing. Built on older pre-existing walls during the Ming Dynasty.Bolayi
HADRIANVS BRITANNICUS820 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913.
The reverse shows Hadrian addressing the troops in England, standing on a low plinth, clearly showing the Roman soldiers with their standards.
Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Papius. Denarius, 79 B.C.815 viewsObv: Head of Juno Sospita right, clad in goat's skin, control-symbol behind head.
Rev: Gryphon leaping right, control-symbol below, L PAPI in exergue.
RSC Papia 1 | CRR 733 | RCV I : 311.
11 commentsthe_Apostate
vesp quadriga rome mint.JPG
Roman Empire, Vespasian BMCRE unlisted Quadriga Rome mint813 viewsBMCRE pg. 14 note, RSC 643v.
Rome mint, 72-73 A.D.
Obv - Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - No legend. Vespasian laureate, standing in triumphal quadriga r., horses pacing, holding branch in r. hand and sceptre in l.

This reverse celebrates Vespasian and Titus' Judaean Triumph at Rome.

Most examples of this reverse type are Antioch mint issues which copy the Rome mint type.

This example is unusual because of the obverse legend IMP CAES VESP AVG PM. RIC and RSC only record this reverse with COS IIII added to the end of the legend. BMCRE does not have either one listed but has a note for the COS IIII type.

This example is a rare official variant which Ian Carradice knows of only three other specimens.

Submitted by Vespasian70
1 commentsVespasian70
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Austria - 1 TALER, 1725809 viewsSilver coin with 27,85 grams
Ruler: Karl VI (1711 - 1740)
Hall Mint - Tyrol
Ref.: Km#692, Dav.: 1053
3 commentslincon r2
RI 132ep img.jpg
Abundantia809 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS . P . F . AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundatia, standing right, empting cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe.) Emission 4 Officina 4
Date Minted – Middle to End 277 A.D.
References: Cohen 1. Bastien 195 (54 examples). RIC 17 Bust type F (Common)

Abundantia stands for abundance or plenty. Her attributes are ears of corn (grain) and cornucopiae. She is sometimes (as here) shown emptying the cornucopiae and sometimes shown seated. Her Greek name is Euthenia
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Countermark on coin of Septimius Severus809 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
2 commentsSam
107- Constantine -17.JPG
107- Constantine The Great -17806 viewsAE4, 337-340 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obv: DN CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, Veiled head right.
Rev: Constantine in quadriga galloping left, the hand of God reaching down from heaven to welcome him.
SMKE. in exergue.
16mm, 1.8gm
Rev.:DECURSIO S-C, Nero galloping right holding couched spear with soldier or officer galloping beside him.
5 commentspostumus
POST MEDIEVAL, Austria, Rudolph II, 1612, 1 TALER795 viewsSilver coin with 27,65 grams.
Ruler: Rudolphus II (Habsburg Dinasty) 1576 - 1612
Ensisheim Mint
Ref.: KM# 241.3 Dav.: 3034
1 commentslincon r2
Roman, Caracalla * Mature794 views
Of all the Caracalla portraits, I’m most drawn to & fond of those which show him in his greatest maturity. This one, dated to 217 AD, the year of his death is about as ‘mature’ as one can get for the man.
This portrait strikes me as exceptionally handsome, which I well-imagine he was in reality, despite his ‘official portraiture’ which often suggests otherwise.

Too, I think some of his portraits, such as this one, suggest strongly a certain vanity in his masculine appearance – that he was well groomed and took considerable pride in his over-all appearance, quite despite his soldierly life-style.
Such vanity and the purposefulness of his official portraiture not withstanding, here I believe one beholds ‘Caracalla’ the man more as he was – an alpha male par excellence, and a devilishly handsome one.

Portrait from AR Denarius * Caracalla * Serapis
Mint: Rome
Struck: 217 AD.
Size: 19 mm.

RIC 291b
* Reverse of * RIC 289, pg. 255

Submitted by Tiathena
5 commentsTiathena
The Erectheum.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, The Erectheum782 views
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Austria - 1 TALER, 1704782 viewsSilver coin with 28,01 grams
Ruler: Leopold I (the Hogmouth), 1658 - 1705
Hall Mint: Tyrol
Ref.: Moser/Tursky 760, Dav.: 1003
lincon r2
Carinus, Prinipi Iventius~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Carinus PRINCIPI IVVENTVT781 viewsEx Forum. Silvered antoninianus, RIC -, EF, 4.94g, 24.6mm, 180o, Ticinum mint, obverse M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Carinus standing left holding standard and spear, IXXI? in exergue; struck with damaged die (exergue); very rare

Variety not listed in RIC. RIC lists holding globe and spear and other similar types, but not the combination of spear and standard.

Three specimens in the Venera Hoard, all with VXXI in exergue.
1 commentswolfgang336
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI, 204-181 B.C779 viewsMasterpiece portrait. SNG Cop lists a simliar coin in the same year, with an owl in the left field, for the mint of Citium, Cyprus (SNG Cop 588). At Salamis, the owl was also used in the left field on a coin of the Selukid king, Antiocus IV, 170-168 B.C. Our coin is unpublished in references held by FORVM.7 commentssalem
RI 132ma img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Lugdunum, RIC 64 Bust Type G767 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PRO-BI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, decorated with emperor riding past row of soldiers with shields
Rev:– ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII) Emission 5 Officina 4. End A.D. 277 to Early A.D. 278
References:– Cohen 69. Bastien 256 (2 examples). RIC 64 Bust Type G (S)
Appear to be an obverse die match to the plate example in Bastien.

9 commentsmaridvnvm
Maximinus II~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II AE Follis766 viewsMaximinus II AE Follis

Attribution: RIC 66c Nicomedia
Date: AD 309 - 313
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL
head rt.
nude Genius standing lt. pouring
out patera w/ rt. hand and
holding cornucopia w/ lt., SMNA
in exergue
Size: 22mm
Weight: 5.7 grams

Noah's Coins
4 commentsNoah
Attica, Athens766 viewsAthens, ca. 449-413 BC. Silver tetradrachm.
Denomination : Silver tetradrachm.
Size : 23.7 x 24.3 mm Weight : 17.20 grams.
Reference : Sear-2526.
Grade : gVF and better centered than usual with a significant part of the crest showing.
Obverse : Head of Athena right.
Reverse : Owl standing right, with an olive sprig and crescent moon over its shoulder, with a AQE to the right.
Ex-Calgary Coin 1150
8 commentsecoli
Aelia Flaccilla765 viewsAelia Flaccilla AE4.
SMHA Mint, 13mm, 1.04g
Obv: AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG, draped bust right with elaborate headdress,
necklace and mantle
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory seated right, writing chi-rho on shield
resting on small column.
RIC IX Heraclea 17

Thracian Chersonese AR, Lion * Pentacle Hemiobol761 viewsThracian, Chersonese 480-350 BC.
Silver Hemiobol

Obv: Forepart of lion right, head reverted left, tongue protruding.
Rev: Quadripartite incuse square, pellet with ligate AΓ and Pentacle monograms.

Size: 14.10 x 13.4 mms.
Weight: 2.31 grams
Die Axis: 180°

Condition: Superb! Appears mint or near mint condition. I can’t imagine it looked much if at-all different the hour it was struck. Bright, clear, stunning luster, perfectly centered and well-struck in all areas on an excellent flan. Gorgeous coin which a mere photo cannot do justice.

Similar to: Sear Greek Coins and their Values (SG) Number sg1604/05
14 commentsTiathena
Italy, Rome - Curia761 viewsThe place where the Senate held its meetings.
Notice the three different kinds of marble used for the pavement. The beheaded statue should be Trajan's.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
2 commentsStrength And Honour
Exe: ST.
RIC Ticinum 46a
8 commentsroscoedaisy
BYZANTINE, Justin II - Large follis758 viewsJustin II; Follis ; 32.5 mm, 15.9 g; Regnal year 9 = 573 - 574 AD; Sear #372
DN IVSTINVS PP AVG - Justin on left and Sophia on right, seated facing on a double throne, both nimbate. He holds a globus cruciger [orb], she holds cruciform sceptre.
Mint of Cyzicus - KYZ in exergue.

Bruce''s collection
8 commentsbruce61813
Volusian Pietas758 viewsVolusian AR Antoninianus, Sear 2826 (1988), RIC 182, Van Meter 24, RSC IV 88
Obv:– IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGG, Pietas, veiled, standing left, raising both hands; to left altar
251 - 253 AD, 22.25mm, 3.2g, Rome
Son of Trebonius Gallus

1 commentsRomanorvm
Constantius Gallus-Maiorina754 viewsThis is one of my coins that was mint in Sirmium. Coins mint in Sirmium are sharp, perfectly round, usually with great patina.Marcus Aurelius
Bust laureated draped and cuirassed right

Two soldiers standing, spear in outer hand, between them two standards

Ric. vol VII, p.456 , 238 r1
12 commentsgb29400
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Constantinople753 viewsObv: Bust of Christ
Rev: Archangel Michael
26-30 mm
Sear 2036
Coins of this type are usually poorly struck and/or severely clipped. Not this one!
From the collection of Laetvs
2 commentsLaetvs
Pupeinus ric 10a.jpg
RIC-10(a) Pupienus Clasped Hands752 viewsIMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
CARITAS MVTVA AVGG - (Mutual Clarity of the Emperors), clasped hands

This is the scarcer variant of RIC 10. Superb portrait. David Sear ANCCS certified.
From Forum ancient Coins
12 commentsjimwho523
POST MEDIEVAL, GERMANY, SAXONY, 1 TALER, 1624744 viewssilver coin with 28,70 grams
Ruler: Johann George (1615 - 1656)
Ref.: KM#132, Dav.: 7601
2 commentslincon r2
Titus RIC II, 23739 viewsJochen's Titus RIC II, 23
Titus 79 - 81
AR - Denar, 3.51g, 17mm
Rome 80
laureate head r.
winged thunderbolt on nice draped table ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno?)
RIC II, 23(b); C.314; BMCR.51
EF nice portrait

These issues show pulvinaria (pl.) prepared for the solemn lectisternium followed the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 which destroyed Pompeji and Herculaneum.
PULVINAR, seat, on which goods were offered to the gods at a lectisternium, a banquet.
LECTISTERNIUM, a 'laying out of couches', the name for a sacrifice conducted by the Romans at times of great public distress. Couches were set out and tables placed before them, and then images of the gods were laid upon the couches and a banquet set before them.
The thunderbolt, like the eagle, one of the main attributes of Jupiter.
Roman Empire, Antoninus Pius AE As737 viewsAs of Antoninus Pius. Minted between 155 and 156 A.D. 10,7 gr. 25
mm. Choice Very Fine. Strong strike. Well centered. Choice high relief
portrait and reverse. Dark-green patina. Rare.

Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II. Laureate head right with
drapery on left shoulder.

Reverse: TR POT XIX COS IIII SC. Pax standing left holding branch
and cornucopiae.

Unlisted in BMC, Cohen, RIC and Sear !
4 commentsMiguel Diaz
GREEK, Apollonia Pontika734 viewsDiobol of Apollonia Pontika. Circa 400 BC. Reference: BMC 150-1. From the collection of Ghengis Jon.1 commentsGhengis_Jon
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus abdication follis of Rome. RIC VI:119b734 viewsObv: D N MAXIMIANO BAEATISS SEN AVG. Laureate bust, dressed in imperial mantle, right, and holding olive-branch and mappa.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIESS AVGG. Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right hand holding branch, left leaning on sceptre; S - F across field; in exergue, R T.
RIC VI : 119b (R2)
2 commentsthe_Apostate
East Front of the Parthenon, Restored and Dissected.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, East Front of the Parthenon Restored and Dissected733 viewsJoe Sermarini
TEMPLE, NERO, Temple of Vesta732 viewsSilver denarius, S 1946, RIC 62, RSC 335, gVF, 3.42g, 16.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse VESTA, domed temple of Vesta, showing six columns, seated goddess inside. The temple of Vesta in the Roman FORVM was destroyed in the great fire of 64 A.D. Nero was affected by the cult of Vesta, having felt faint during a visit to the temple shortly before the fire. Nero rebuilt the shrine. His structure, the sixth on the site, survived until another fire late in the reign of Commodus.1 comments
Louis XIV 1672 Prise de douze villes en Hollande.JPG
1672, Prise de douze villes en Hollande732 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVD MAG FRA ET NAV REX PP, CHERON on bust truncation.
Rev. The King in the guise of Sol, radiating light, seated right in a heavenly chariot pulled by three horses, surrounded by clouds. Around are aerlia views of twelve towns and forts captured in Holland SOLIS QVE LABORES on scroll above central design, the names of all twelve towns/forts around.

AE63. Engraved by Charles Jean Francois Cheron. ORIGINAL STRIKE, very rare.

Charles Jean Francois Cheron (1635-1698), one of the most distinguished artists of the school of Jean Warin, was born at Nancy and was trained by his father, Jean-Charles Cheron, engraver to Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Cheron went to Rome and became engraver of medals for Clement IX and Innocent X. Cheron's style in his Roman medals is of remarkable boldness, and his medals of Pope Clement IX and of Bernini are grandiloquent and among the finest Italian medals of the period. He returned to France in 1675 and was employed by Louis XIV at the Medal Mint at Paris for about twelve years, where he contributed several medals to the medallic series of the monarch, the Histoire Metallique. His medals are considered to be in an international baroque style.
11 commentsLordBest
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 269a, Rome, LIBERALITAS AVG II,730 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 269a, Rome, LIBERALITAS AVG II,
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LIBERALITAS-AVG-II, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and two cornucopiae; S-C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 17,91g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 240 A.D., ref: RIC-269a, C-136,
3 commentsquadrans
TEMPLE, Q.Cassius Longinus, Temple of Vesta726 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8.9 commentsfeatherz

RIC 38 (C) ; COHEN 27

9 commentsfrederic W
Northwest Corner of the Parthenon.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, North West Corner of the Parthenon719 views1 comments
ROMAN EMPIRE, Valens, Fouree Solidus718 viewsValens Fouree AE Solidus with slight evidence of Gold gilding remaining on the coin. This coin is imitating an official Vlalens Solidus of the Antioch MintGunner
Roman, HADRIAN, BRITANNICVS711 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
AUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS708 viewsAUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS - Francis II (1792-1835) AR 1/4 Kronenthaler, 1797-B (Kremnitz Mint). Obv.: Bust of emperor right. "FRANC.II.D.G.R.I.S.A.GER.HIE.HVN.BOH.REX." Mintmark B below bust. Reverse: Cruciform figure, with crowns in top, right & left angles; Order of the Golden Fleece hangs at bottom angle. "ARCH.AVST.DVX.BVRG.LOTH.BRAB.COM.FLAN.1797. Reference: KM#60.dpaul7
Claudius RIC I, 38706 viewsClaudius, AD 41 - 54
AV - Aureus, 7.71g, 18mm
Rome 46/47
laureate head r.
Pax/Nemesis walking r., holding with l. hand caduceus
and point with it at snake at her feet; holding fold of the
robe before her chin
RIC I, 38; C.57; von Kaenel 628 (this specimen!)
R2; about VF
One of my favorite coins due to its pedigree:
ex. coll. Moritz Simon, Berlin
ex. Glandining & Co., London 1929, Nr.666
ex. Cahn, Ffm. 1930, Nr.232
ex. M&M, Basel

from Curtis Clay: Herbert Cahn, one of the greatest
German coin houses, had to flee from the Nazis to Switzerland

1 NEMESIS, Goddess of rightful distribution
2 CADUCEUS, holding caduceus to snake = welfare
3 The interpretation of N.'s gesture, holding fold of the robe to the chin as spitting in the neck and symbol for happiness, is doubtful. Rossbach thinks it may be a gesture of modesty!
This all stands for the politics of Claudius!
15 commentsJochen
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury705 viewsI visited the ancient city of Petra in 1999, it is located in Jordan.
The Nabateers "build" this city in the dessert, all the temples and houses are carved in the soft rock.
When you have passed the Siq, the first temple you see is the Al-Khazneh Farun, or The Treasury.
3 commentspax
Youthful bust704 viewsUncertain mint. Commodus. Æ 23. A.D. 177-192. Obv: (...)AVP-KOM(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: Inscription obliterated. Female deity standing left, head right, left leg on object (?), holding palm-branch downwards; countermark in upper left field. Axis: 225°. Weight: 9.00 g. CM: Bare-headed youthful bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego (?). Collection Automan.Automan
Roman Empire, Balbinus (238 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 010, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G,704 views070 Balbinus (238 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 010, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G,
avers:- IMP-CAES-D-CAEL-BALBINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Hands, in handshake.
exerg: , diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,82g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC-10, C-3,
11 commentsquadrans
Zeus, laureate head left701 viewsNero and Poppaea, 62 - 65 A.D., Galatia, Tavium
5476. Bronze AE 30, SGIC 662, SNG Von Aulock 6117, Cohen 315,2, aVF, 12.1g, 29mm, 45o, Galatia, Tavium mint, 62 - 65 A.D.; obverse NERWNOS SEBASTOU, laureate head of Nero right; reverse POPPIAS SEBASTHS, draped bust of Poppaea right; scarce; nice green patina with sandy earthen highlights, countermarked; sold. Numismatically Important Countermark. RPC discusses three different possible mint cities for this type: Ancyra, Pessinus and Tavium. A strong argument that Tavium is the mint city is the countermark on this coin. The countermark on this type is always a laureate head of Zeus. Generally, countermarks are applied at the same place as the original mint. Of the three cities, only Tavium had a temple of Zeus and minted coins with Zeus as a standard type.
Roman Empire, Carus, early Sep 282 - c. Jul/Aug 283 A.D., Postumus Consecration Issue699 viewsThe consecratio altar type is not listed for Tripolis mint in references held by FORVM. A similar type is listed for Antioch.
1 commentssalem
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnentius. A.D.350-353. AE Centenionalis of Lugdunum. RIC VIII : 145.698 viewsObv. D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG. Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES. Two Victories standing facing each other, holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, Chi-Rho above, S P below; in exergue, RPLG.
5 commentsthe_Apostate
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gordian III - RIC 039 - Antoninianus - Virtus -Rome mint695 viewsIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG - Virtus standing left , holding spear & palm branch, chalmys on arm, shield against leg

AR Ant. Rome Mint 238 -240 AD Superb example of this boy emperor, and unbelievable reverse...
6 commentsjimwho523
Nerone Sesterzio.jpg
Roman, Nero695 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC 517, C 268, BMC 328, S 1961, EF, 20.2g, 34.3mm, 180o, Lugdunum mint, 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust; reverse ROMA in ex, S - C in fields, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory, left arm resting on parazonium, shields behind; extraordinary portrait, dark green patina. Ex Forum5 commentsForza e Onore
74- Licinius-1~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius I Follis, Siscia RIC #8694 viewsAE Follis , 308-324 AD, Siscia mint.
Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev:IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Eagle at feet with wreath in beak , B left , SIS in exergue.
22mm, 3.6gm
RIC # 8
8 commentsjdholds
alien sombrero barbarous.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Late Roman Barbarous687 viewsJericho
Zeus Nikephoros683 viewsThe image of Zeus with Nike (Zeus Nikephoros) was introduced by Seleukos I Nikator at Seleukeia on Tigris mint around 300 BC.

The initial iemissions from this mint in the name of Seleukos maintained the Zeus Aetophoros (eagle) reverse image typical of the earlier "Alexanders". However, shortly after the mint was established, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced, eventually replacing the Zeus Aetophoros image on Babylonian coinage. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This victory was the penultimate victory required to cement the Seleukid dynasty in a near unassailable position during the forty year struggle that ultimately saw Seleukos emerge as the most successful of the Diadochi.
Lloyd T
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Valerian II, AE21, Alexandria Troas681 viewsIMP LICI COR VALERIA, Bare-headed draped bust (of Valerian II) right / COL AVG TROA, Horse grazing right.

Bellinger --, Sear --, Lindgren & Kovacs --, Lindgren III --, SNG von Aulock --, SNG Copenhagen --, BMC --

Per Curtis Clay, also Cohen --, SNG Righetti --, SNG Leypold --, Winsemann Falghera --, Berk photofile --
3 commentsflinn
Elagabal mint of Rome680 viewsElagabal AD 218-222
Denar RIC 88; C.61; BMC 212; rev. INVICTVS SACEDOS AVG

The star in the left field, a symbol of the sun-god, stands for the mint of Rome (Curtis Clay)
1 commentsJochen
Best of Type.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Silver denarius of Q. Marcius Libo, 148 B.C.676 views22 commentsRomaVictor
Constantius II RIC VII, Antiochia 132676 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantin I
AE - AE3, 5.56g, 24mm, Antiochia 11.officina, AD 350-355
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r., necklace
Soldier spearing falling horseman, which stretching arm against him
(so-called FH3 type)
field left: Gamma
exergue: ANAI
RIC VIII, Antiochia 132; LRBC 2625
nice EF, nearly uncirculated

The reverse clearly shows a Parthian identified by his headgear. This issue most probably celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara AD 344 against the Sassanides where the Romans succeeded in capturing the successor of the throne.
6 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander Denarius671 viewsLaureate head of Severus Alexander right, IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG / Mars advancing right, MARS VLTOR. RIC 246; BMCRE 833.4 commentssocalcoins
Greek, Ptolemy VI, 204-181 B.C666 views6869. Silver tetradrachm, BMC-, SNG Cop -, gVF, 13.87g, 26.2mm, 40o, Salamis, Cyprus mint, 177-176 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, owl in left field, LE (regnal year 5) over SA (Salamis mint, Cyprus) in right field; superb portrait, fantastic style, extremely rare, possibly unique;3 commentssalem
Roman Empire, Constantine I (307-337 AD.) AE-3 Follis, SARMATIA DEVICTA, Sirmium, #2,665 viewsConstantinus-I (307-337 AD.) AE-3 Follis, SARMATIA DEVICTA,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1,B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- SARMATIA-DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding trophy and palm.
exergo: SIR M,
diameter: 18-19,5mm,
weight: 3,18g,
mint: Sirmium,
axis: 6h,
date: 324-325 AD.,
ref: RIC-VII-48-p475,
2 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE, Pupienus, denarius, RIC 1665 viewsIMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG.Laureate bust of Pupienus
CONCORDIA AVGG.Concordia seated left,holding patera and two cornucopia
RIC-001, RSC-6, sear 2413, Rome mint April - June AD 238
8 commentsthe_Apostate
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - Bridge over Vidourle river.661 viewsUsed to have eleven arches and still used untill the middle ages. From this bridge the via Domitia goes upwards to the settlement1 commentsBohemond
Greece, Athens - Entrance to the Athens Numismatic Museum660 viewsThe former mansion of noted amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. What was inside those doors was truly marvelous.1 commentsmemphius
Volusian Mount Gerizim659 viewsVolusian, Samaria, Neapolis, (biblical name Shechem) current Nablus, 25mm,
Rosenberger 125, BMC 161 (Palestinian pg. 73), 251 - 253 AD,
OBV: AVT KAI Γ OVI TPEB OVOΛOVCIAN, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: ΦΛ NEAC - ΠOΛEWC, Mount Gerizem, with temple and altar, supported between wings of eagle,
Harl, Museum Notes 29, 1984, pl. 14, 146 (same obverse die A33, new reverse die of same type). SNG ANS 1031 (same obverse die, misattributed to Trebonianus Gallus)
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, King Seleucus I653 viewsTet 305-300BC 4 commentsalexB
ROMAN EMPIRE, FAUSTINA JUNIOR Denarius. RIC III : 712. 652 viewsObv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Diademed bust of Faustina facing right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICIT. Two children, Commodus and Antoninus, seated on throne, with globe between them.
8 commentsthe_Apostate
Italy, Ostia - Caupona651 viewsBeautifully preserved, it seems to step back in time.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Copan Stele.jpg
New World, Maya, Copan, Honduras647 viewsMayadigger - The most Southern City of the ancient Maya was Copan, "Zotz" in Maya. The name Zotz means "Bat." Cppan was the "Paris" of the Maya world. The archetecture and entablature was just superb. Seen in this photo, we see the stele of Yax Kuk Mo, "Blue Quetzal Macaw." As it turned out, Yax Kuk Mo came from Teotihuacan, in the Valley of Mexico. An imported Prince as it were...2 commentsMayadigger
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Lugdunum645 viewsConstantine I:
PLG - Lugdunum (Lyons, FR); 6 rows, 2 turrets, star
RIC vii225 Scarce,rarer varient with pellet in doorway, page 136; 20 mm, 3.1 grams
3 commentsbruce61813
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 147, Rome, MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right,645 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 147, Rome, MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield.
exerg: , diameter: 21-25mm, weight: 5,21g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 243-244 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-147, p-31, C-160,
Youthful bust639 viewsUncertain mint. Æ 22. Countermark. Worn nearly smooth. Weight: 9.77 g. CM: Youthful, bare-headed bust right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5.5 mm. Howgego - (?). Collection Automan.Automan
Commodus as Hercules634 viewsThis magnificent statue depicts the Emperor Commodus as Hercules. Currently on display at the Musei Capitolini in Rome. Commodus also minted coins with him as Hercules.Titus Pullo
Constans RIC VIII, Siscia 114634 viewsConstans 337 - 350, son of Constantin I
AV - Solidus, 4.46g, 20mm
Siscia AD 342
draped, cuirassed bust, rosette-diademed head r.
2 Victories standing facing, holding between them shield inscribed
with VOT X MVL XX in four lines (var. A)
exergue: SIS star
RIC VIII, Siscia 114; C.90
R3; EF, with no signs of circulation or wear except daggers mark across
lower revers

Allusion to the victory in the war against the Franks 341/342
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
9 commentsJochen
Roman republic, Didrachm631 viewsDidrachm struck in Rome, circa 269-266 BC
Obv : diademed head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin and with club on shoulder
Rev : ROMANO at exergue. She-wolf suckling Remus and Romulus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24

This silver didrachm is supposed to be the first silver coinage struck under the authority of the roman republic. Mr Crawford found 136 ex of this coin, with 18 different dies for the obverse and 24 for reverse
2 commentsPotator II
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI Philometor630 viewsSilver Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint
Struck c. 170-164 B.C.
27mm 14.2g
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.

Svoronos 1489; SNG Copenhagen 265

8 commentsmihali84
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I - Pax628 viewsIMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right;
PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left holding branch and scepter;

Silver denarius, RIC 12, choice EF, 2.62g, 20.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 235-236 A.D. nicely centered, flat area on obverse drapery ex Scott Collection; from Forum.
4 commentsjimwho523
Constantine I Sol SIC Trier 310-313 (RIC VII Trier 873) 22.2mm - BenB.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I Soli Invicto Comiti Trier 310-313627 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Left field: T
Right field: F
Exe: PTR
Bust: LC
Size: 22.2mm

Sol facing, head left; chlamys draped over left shoulder; holding globe.

Attribution: RIC VII Trier 873, minted 310-313 AD

From the collection of BenB
8 commentsBenB
Livilla??, Wife of Drusus, c. 13 BC-AD 31.626 viewsÆ Dupondius under Tiberius (28 mm, 14.23 gm). Struck circa 22/3 AD.
Obv: PIETAS, veiled, diademed and draped bust of Livilla as Pietas right.
RIC I 43 (Tiberius); BMCRE 98; BN 74; Cohen 1; Sear 1741; Vagi 477.

The identity of this female portrait remains controversial, and has been identified as Livia (RIC, Sear), Livilla (Vagi) and Vipsania (Jasper Burns).
4 commentsEmpressCollector
titus dolphin.JPG
Roman, Titus626 viewsTitus, AR denarius, Rome Mint, A.D. 80
BMCRE 72, RSC 309
Obv - Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev - Dolphin coiled around anchor.
7 commentsVespasian70
ROMAN EMPIRE, Plautilla AR Denarius Superb UNC624 viewsRome mint, Issue II, AD 202. PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, Bust, draped, hair coiled in ridges, either vertical or horizontal and fastened in bun at back/CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia standing l., holding patera and scepter. RIC 363a, Sear 7065, BMC 236,411-414, RSC-1, Cohen-1, Hill 583. UNC, full proof like luster.9 commentsLordBest
GREEK, Kyrenaika, AR Didrachm619 viewsExcellent Kyrenaikan Didrachm from Magistrate/Ptolemy I period.6 commentsalexB
03. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC619 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.64gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
Roman Empire, Constantine Jr617 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Legend in three lines. Star above, dot below.
2.1 gm, 18 mm, mintmark: */ /SMANTΓ/ /•
Comment: Previously attested on Forum ID board.
Unlisted officina for gamma.
Submitted by Massanutten
1 commentsMassanutten
Caesonia (?), wife of Caligula, died 41 CE617 viewsÆ (28 mm, 11.17 g) of Carthago Nova, Spain.
Obv: C CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC. IMP. PM. TRP. COS. Laurate head of Caligula, right.
Rev: CN. ATEL. FLAC. CN. POM. FLAC. II VIR. Q.V.I.N.C. Head of Caesonia (as Salus) right, SAL AVG across field.
SGI 419; Heiss 272,35; Cohen 247,1.

Though this coin is reputed to portray Caesonia, this is not likely for its obverse is dated TR P COS = 37 AD, yet Caligula did not marry Caesonia until late 39! RPC 185 calls the lady Salus, but also mentions possible IDs with Antonia or Livia (p. 92).
ROMAN EMPIRE, OTHO, Denarius RIC 8615 viewsDenarius minted in Rome in 69 AD
IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, Bare head of Otho right
SECURITAS PR, Securitas standing left
3.50 gr
Ref : RIC # 8, RCV # 2162, Cohen #17
11 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, CRISPUS -- Virtus -- Treveri Mint615 viewsCRISPVS NOB CAES His cirassed bust with helmet right

Large flan -- best Style of treveri

RIC. 255 R4

2 commentsgb29400
Turkey, Ephesus - Public Toilets615 viewsMinus the slaves to warm the seats in winter and the live entertainment1 commentsmemphius
Victory - British Museum615 viewsA small bronze Victory - 1st CenturyBacchus
Doe, a deer--a female deer!614 viewsSalonina -- Died AD 268. Wife of Gallienus. Augusta, AD 254-268.

Billon antoninianus. Rome mint.
Obv: COR SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent.
Rev: IVNONI CONS AVG, doe walking left, delta in exergue. RIC 16, Cohen 70; Sear 3041.
7 commentsEmpressCollector
Saladin612 viewsSaladin (Salah al-Din)
Dirham Halab (Aleppo) 580AH/1184AD

Recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders and defeated their armies at Hittin in 1187.
1 commentsbarrage
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1621612 viewsSilver coin with 28,78 grams
Ruler: Paris von Londron (1619 - 1653)
Ref.: KM 61, Dav.: 3497, Probszt: 1189
1 commentslincon r2
Vitellius Concordia612 viewsVitellius Concordia Denarius, 18.79mm, 2.8g
OBV: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TRP, laureate head right
REV: CONCOR-DIA PR, Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC I - 90, BMCRE 20, RSC 18

ROMAN EMPIRE, Diocletian Follis611 viewsLaur head right, IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG / Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera and cornucopiae in left, GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI; K in left field, V in right field, delta mint mark. RIC VI 54a (Antioch).4 commentssocalcoins
Aphrodite _ British Museum.jpg
Aphrodite609 viewsMarble statue of a naked Aphrodite crouching at her bath1 commentsBacchus
Italy, Rome - Arch of Titus605 viewsArch of Titus in Rome depicting the spoils of Jerusalem's temple.
Photo taken September 2005
Titus Pullo
Austria. Albert II (the Wise), Duke of Austria and Styria (1330-1358)605 viewsLuschin/Szego 140, CNA B 236.

AR Pfennig, Vienna mint, 14-15 mm.

Obv: Hare facing left.

Rev: Shield.

“Until the 12th century, coins were needed above all for exports; daily transactions were generally barter transactions. As the economy began to operate increasingly on the principle of the division of labor and as cities began to grow, money started to acquire more and more importance for regional trade. Municipal records show that even in Austria under Babenberg rule, money payments to feudal lords began to replace payments in kind. The growing monetarization of society ushered in a new phase in the history of coins. Monetary systems became regionalized. The denar, formerly used for external trade and exports, was replaced by the regional pfennig. New monetary borders came into existence, within which the rulers with coinage rights tried to enforce the compulsory, exclusive use of their own coins. Under Babenberg rule, the Vienna pfennig was accorded the role of regional money used in Austria. The Vienna pfennig came into its own when the mint was moved from Krems to Vienna at the end of the 12th century. It served as a means of payment for daily monetary transactions and remained a monetary unit even when large foreign coins were used to settle the growing volume of trade transactions – gold coins such as the Venetian or Florentine ducat and large silver coins like the Prague groschen. In the course of the 14th century, it became established as a currency in nearly the entire area covered by modern-day Austria, with the exception of Tyrol and Vorarlberg.” (“Money and Trade during the Era of the Silver Pfennig.” Oesterreichische Nationalbank

“It is assumed that most of the 13th and 14th century reverses are not legible at all. This is entirely normal as the obverses were usually struck after the reverses.” (Szego, at 52). The reverse of this issue was the arms of mintmaster Heinrich Schucheler (per Jean Elsen, List 263 Lot 395).
Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, Parthenon, Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze603 views
Augustus RIC I, 322602 viewsAugustus 27 BC - AD 14
AR - Denar, 3.83g, 20mm, Rome 19 BC, by moneyer Q Rustius
obv. Q RVSTIVS - FORTVNA, ANTIAT (in ex., hard to see!)
Busts, draped, jugate, r., of Fortuna Victrix, helmeted, holding patera in l.
hand, and Fortuna Felix, wearing stephane;
both busts rest on bar terminating at each end in a ram' s head
A highly ornamented rectangular altar with a bowl on it, inscribed in front
ex.: EX.S.C.
RIC I, 322; BMCR 2
R2; about VF, toned

FORTVNA ANTIATIS, Fortuna of Antium, one of the most important places of Fortuna worshipping, as two goddesses, sisters, FORTVNA VICTRIX, more male, and FORTVNA FELIX, more female. Or as two aspects of only one goddess?
On the rev. the altar of FORTVNA REDVX, erected by the Senatus for the lucky return of Augustus 19BC with the 53 standards from the Parthians in Rome near the Porta Capuana.
Q Rustius celebrates Augustus and his own hometown Antium.
4 commentsJochen
Philippus I., Rome mint, struck 249 AD, Æ Sestertius599 viewsIMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AETERNITAS AVGG, SC elephant advancing left, led by cornak, holding staff and goad
RIC 167a; Cohen 18
2 commentsdupondius
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, VRBS ROMA Wolf and Twins AE3597 viewsObverse: VRBS-ROMA Helmeted hear of Roma left
Reverse: Wolf and Twins left, branch between two stars above
Exergue: TRP
Mint: Trier
Attribution: RIC VII Trier 561
Rarity: C3
A common coin but one that I'm fond of.
5 commentsmauseus
ROMAN IMPERATORS, JULIUS CAESAR, denarius596 viewsDenarius minted in Italy, c.49 BC
CAESAR, elephant walking rigth, trampling on snake
No legend, Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and apex
4.05 gr
Ref : HCRI # 9, RCV #1399, Cohen #49
19 commentsPotator II
SHRINE, Volusian, Antoninianus595 viewsMinted in Rome in AD 252
IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate and draped bust of Volusian right
IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated within a distyle shrine, * in right field
3,60 gr
Ref : RCV # 9750, Cohen #45

The precise location of this shrine could be in the Campus Martius, or in the Campus Martialis (see RCV III, p 241, note under # 9730)
4 commentsPotator II
122 Constantine Sicia RIC 84~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Siscia RIC 84595 viewsAE3, 319 AD
Obv: CONSTANT-INVS AVG, Cuirassed bust left wearing high crested helmet and holding shield and spear.
Rev: VICT(dot) LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over alter.
(dot) ASIS(dot) in exergue.
19mm, 3.8 gm.
RIC 84, Rated R1
5 commentsjdholds
Roman, Constantine I595 viewsA truly magnificent portrait. RIC VII, Arles Mint, 3452 commentsMayadigger
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, Archduke Leopold, TALER, 1632595 viewsSilver coin with 27,60 grams
Ruler: Erzherzog Leopold (1618)-1625 - 1632
Hall Mint - Tyrol
Ref.: Km#804.2
1 commentslincon r2
Justinianus D~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Justinianus I.594 viewsJustinianus
AU Solidus
Obv: DNIVSTINANVSPPAVI - Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
Rev: VICTORIAAVGGGI Exe: /CONOB - Victory standing facing, holding cross and globus cruciger. 527-538 (Constantinople).
2 commentsTanit
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala, Cox Combs above the rain forest593 viewsMayadigger - The cox-comb roofs of a number of towering pyramids show just above the gigantic mahagony and giant fig trees of the Peten forest. These threes are full of parrots, toucans, and howler and spider monkeys. As far as I was concerned, my only thoughts were as how I was to get back down without breaking my neck!3 commentsMayadigger
Julianus avfällingen, ae .jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II, AE1 Thessalonica. RIC VIII : 225593 viewsObv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB. Bull, head facing, standing right; above, two stars; in exergue, TESA between two laurel branches.
1 commentsthe_Apostate
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great Tetradrachm592 viewsOne of the best examples of a temnos tetradrachm that I have seen. It has a high-relief beautifully-struck centered obverse, and as well as a wonderfully-struck reverse. Still boasts a mint lustre and nice toning.5 commentspeterpil19
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the defender" * 196-217 AD *592 views
Caracalla, "Mars*, the defender."
AR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI – Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 4.5 grams(?)
Die axis: 180 deg.

RIC IVi, 223 (s) Scarce; Cohen 150; D. Sear II, 6819; pg. 521

* Olympian
GREEK, Myrina Tetradrachm592 viewsMyrina, Aeolis, AR-Tetradrachm, struck after 165 BC.
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev: MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch in left hand and phiale in right, omphalos and amphora at feet; monogram to left.
Ø 34 mm, 16.52 g.
Sacks Issue 39, BMC Troas 13.
Almost EF, minor porosity, recently cleaned.
10 commentsPscipio
Germanicus RIC I, (Gaius) 57590 viewsGermanicus, died AD 19, brother of Claudius, father of Gaius Caligula
AE - Dupondius, 16.7g, 31mm, Rome AD 41-54
obv. GERMANICVS/CAESAR in two lines across field
Germanicus bare-headed and in military cloak standing r. in a slow-quadriga
ornamented with Victory holding wreath.
rev. SIGNIS - RECEPT/DEVICTIS - GERM/S- C in three lines, between them Germanicvs bare-headed in tunika standing l., r. hand raised for greeting, in l.
hand eagle-sceptre
RIC II, (Gaius) 57; C.7; BMCR. 94
VF, nice patina!

This issue commemorates the triumph of Germanicus AD 17 due to his rather poor successful campaigns against the Germans, where he regains 2 of the 3 signs of the 17., 18. and 19. legion which were lost AD 9 by Varus in the battle of Teutoburg Forest. On the battlefield he let collect the mortal remains of the dead and built a big tomb.
For Latin scholars: The grammar structure on the rev. is the infamous 'ablativus absolutus' and we find a nice Chiasmus, a crossing of words.
3 commentsJochen
Agrippa RIC I, Gaius 58589 viewsAgrippa, died 12 BC, friend and son-in-law of Augustus
AE - As, 10.84g, 22.5mm
Rome, undated
head l., with corona rostrata
rev. Neptune standing l., cloaked, r. holding small dolphin,
l. vertical trident
S C l. and r.
RIC I, Gaius 58; C.3; BMCR (Tiberius)161
about VF, black patina

CORONA ROSTRATA (or CORONA NAVALIS), a crown decorated with prows, dedicated to Agrippa due to the victory over Sextus Pompeius in the naval battle of Naulochos 36 BC.
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left, 589 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left,
"My Father received the title as conqueror of Germany from the Senate and people of Rome".
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus in triumphal quadriga right.
revers:- SIGNIS-RECEPT/DEVICTIS-GERM, large S-C across field, Germanicus advancing left holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
date: Struck under Caligula 40-41AD.
mint: Rome
diameter: 27mm
weight: 12,77g
ref: RIC-57, C-7, BMC-94,
12 commentsquadrans
Roman, Julian II. Apostata AE1588 viewsIulianus II. Apostata AE1, struck 361-363 AD at Antioch mint, 2. officinae.
Obv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
(Rev: SECVRITAS REI PVB, bull standing right, two stars above.
Ex: ANTB(palm))
Ø 27-29 mm, 7.79 g.
Antioch RIC VIII 216

My favourite portrait in my collection...
9 commentsPscipio
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diadumenianus587 viewsfr: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES. Bare-headed and draped bust right
re: PRINC IVVENTVTIS. Diadumenian standing half-left, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards behind.
RIC IVii 102
5 commentspax
CAMPGATE, Constantius II582 viewsConstantius II; 326 AD, RIC vii 84 R2
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, SMHB pellet [Heraclea] in exergue.
20 mm, 3.1 g; 5 rows, 2 turrets, star. Only very minor damage ue to corrosion on reverse side over the "VSN" portion of the inscription.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus AE Ant - Rare Possibly Unpublished Variant581 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia. M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right/ FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field, XXI in ex. CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
Antioch mint Portrait Style581 viewsFour coins from Anitoch mint. Typical 'hook-nosed' portraits.Kevin_S
Zoe, mother of Constantine VII, 913-959 CE.581 viewsÆ Follis (23.7 mm, 5.15 g). Constantinople mint. Struck 914 - 919 CE.
Obv: +CONSTANT CE ZO Hb, Facing busts of Constantine, wearing loros, and Zoe, clad in chlamys, both crowned and holding long cross between them.
Sear 1758; Berk 928; DOC 22.
Constantine I VOTXX MVLT XXX~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine I, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC 32 variety577 viewsobv: CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, Bust l. cuir. w/ spear over rt. shoulder
rev:VOTXX / MVLT / XXX / TS[delta] in wreath
RIC Thessalonica 32 var. R5

This legend break is unrecorded for this type- in combination with extremely rare bust type and scarce reverse type. A fantastically rare coin.
5 commentswolfgang336
45 -Rheskuporis II Sestertius~0.JPG
GREEK, QUASI-AUTONOMOUS, Bosporus, Rhescuporis II, Sestertius576 viewsAE 48 Nummi or Sestertius. 69-93 AD
Obv: King Rhescuporis II standing right, left foot on prisoner kneeling; on right, trophy; on left, another kneeling prisoner, hands tied behind his back.
Rev: Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm.
RPC 473
2 commentsjdholds
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA, AE-follis, Siscia,575 viewsCommemorative AE-follis, URBS ROMA,
avers: - URBS-ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers: - She-wolf left with twins,
exe: • Γ SIS •,
diameter: 16mm,
weight: 2,02g,
axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,
date: 334-5 A.D.,
RIC-VII-240, p:456, c3
2 commentsquadrans
Bull - Julian II The Apostate575 viewsDN FL CL IVLI-ANVS PF AVG
RIC VIII 122 Nicomedia

Bull, head facing, standing right; above, two stars

There is still some dirt on this coin which is what shows the mottled appearance. The coin is in remarkable condition, however with high relief and detail.

--Fred (Roscoedaisy)
3 commentsroscoedaisy
POST MEDIEVAL, Germany, BRAUNSCHWEIG - WOLFENBÃœTTEL, 1 TALER, 1609575 viewsSilver coin with 28,66 grams
Ruler.: Heinrich Julius (1589 - 1613)
ref.: Welter: 645, Dav.: 6285
2 commentslincon r2
Greek Youth - British Museum575 viewsGreek statue of a youth with a 'bowl' haircut2 commentsBacchus
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.574 viewsSee those wagontracks as road goes upwards from the bridge towards the settlement on the top of the hillBohemond
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I the Great, Thessalonica, RIC VII 154574 viewsI have seen better gates, but the portrait is quite stunning. I will regret selling this for the rest of my life.
3 commentsjbaran
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, 574 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G, The Dea Caelestis, wearing elaborate headdress, looking right, riding right on lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, below, water gushing from rocks at left.
date: 203-04 A.D.,
mint: Rome,
diameter: 17-19mm,
weight: 3,79g,
axis: 1h,
ref: RIC-IV-I-266, p-, C-222, BMCRE-335,
5 commentsquadrans
Q. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius573 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8. Triton VI, Lot 739.

CNG's historical take on these coins: The reverse of this attractive type alludes to an incident in 113 BC, in which the College of Ponftiffs acquitted two Vestal Virgins, allegedly improperly, on charges of incest, while condemning a third. An ancestor of the moneyer was called in to investigate the affair. The curule chair under the circular temple alludes to the judicial power given to the investigator; the urn to the left and the tablet to the right inscribed A/C (for Absolvo and Condemno) is the ballot used by jurors to vote for guilt or innocence.
1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Peru. 1.5.jpg
New World, Peru 1.5573 viewsMore Cyclopean Stones with Sheri showing their size...3 commentsMayadigger
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.571 viewsVia Domitia winding its way uphillBohemond
RI 136f img~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Numerian - PACATOR ORBIS - Bust Type F - RIC unlisted (Lugdunum)571 viewsObv:– IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATO-R ORBIS, Emperor advancing right, holding shield and sword, captive, cowering beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe) Emission 9 Officina 3. Summer A.D. 284
Reference:– Cohen 41 (30 F). Bastien 618 (2 examples). RIC Unlisted.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Trajans Column.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Column570 views
Nero Sesterzio Partaiani.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, sesterius569 viewsNero, Sestertius. On reverse the temple of Janus with closed doors. Nero was a pacifist, he was proud that during his reign there was peace, so the doors of the temple were closed. 3 commentsPLINIUS
France, Sommiéres - Roman bridge565 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
ROMAN EMPIRE, VALENTINIAN II AE2 RIC 52564 viewsConstantinople mint, 4th officina
D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust of Valentinian, holding spear in right hand
GLORIA RO-MANORUM, Valentinain standing on a galley, driven by a victory, Wreath in field, CON delta at exergue
4.93 gr
Ref : RIC # 52, Cohen #22, RC #4161, LRBC #2151
Very light orange patina
11 commentsPotator II
Italy, Ostia - Alexander and Helix's inn564 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1E564 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘE[OY] ANTIMAXOY Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, HA monogram in inner right field.
Bopearachchi Series 1E; SNG ANS 278 (monogram variant); Mitchiner 124a; Sear 7542.
(32 mm, 17.14 g, 12h)
Provenance, based on Bopearachchi: Freeman & Sear FPL 11, Spring/Summer 2006; ex- Muhammad Riaz Barber Coll.; ex- Peshawar bazaar (April 1996); ex-Kuliab Hoard (1996)

The Kuliab Hoard from which this coin derives was found in clandestine (1995/6) excavations on an ancient site in the vicinity of Kuliab, Tajikistan, 8-10 km from Qizil Mazar, in the valley of the Qizil Su, on the right bank of the Oxus. The inferred find site is located about 80 km northeast of the famed ancient site Ai Khanoum on the left bank of the Oxus, a key Greco-Bactrian foundation.

The hoard reputedly consisted of 800 coins of which 250 were described by Bopearachchi in his paper. The hoard, consisted dominantly of small denomination silver and contained coins from the time of Seleukos I down to the time of Eukratides I. Almost all the coins were of Bactrian origin. It appears to have been a savings hoard that was closed around 145 BC, probably co-incident with the invasion of nomadic peoples from the north.

The Kuliab Hoard represents one of the easternmost finds of Graeco-Bactrian coins, proof that Bactrian influence extended well into the western Himalayan Valleys of Tajikistan to the north northeast of Ai Khanoum.

Probably my finest tetradrachm - the male equivalent Mona Lisa of coinage!
11 commentsLloyd T
Constantine I VOT XX Heraclea 324 - BenB.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I VOT XX Heraclea562 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
Center field: VOT / X • X / star

Attribution: RIC VII Heraclea 60, minted 324 AD

From the collection of BenB
4 commentsBenB
Caracalla denarius, unofficial~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Unofficial denarius561 viewsCaracalla, AD 211-217
AR Denarius - 19mm, 4.15g
unofficial mint, c. 212 AD
laureate bust r.
Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l.
ancient imitation

"It is an ancient imitation, as style and composition show. That explains the hybrid titulature, GERM on obv. but only TR P XV on rev.

Rev. appears to be P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l. " - Curtis Clay
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diocletian, Antoninianus. Rome RIC V (ii) : 162559 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG. Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; in exergue, XXIB.
2 commentsthe_Apostate
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrios I, ca. 195-175 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1C558 viewsDiademed and draped bust of Demetrios right, wearing elephant skin head dress. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY (of King Demetrios). Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; PK monogram to inner left
Bopearachchi Series 1C; SNG ANS 187; Mitchiner 103d; Qunduz 28-33; Sear 7526.
(33 mm,16.68 g, 12h)

At 33mm diameter this is a big coin, for an undoubtedly big man, despite him scoring only two sentences of mention in the surviving ancient written historical record.
16 commentsLloyd T
Ptolemy VI Philometer/ VIII Euergetes555 viewsPtolemy VI Philometer Silver Tetradrachm
Struck under the joint reign of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII, 170-164 B.C.
Alexandria mint
26mm 13.7g 0degrees
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1489, SNG Cop. 262-268.
High relief dies.
8 commentskypros84
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, Sestertius, AE Rome mint, struck 64 AD553 viewsNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P laureate-headed bust right with aegis on left shoulder
AVGVSTI, POR OST, SC bird’s eye view of a the new Ostia harbor; at top pharos surmounted by a statue (light house); at bottom, reclining figure of Neptune left, holding rudder and dolphin
RIC 181, Cohen 33 (20 Fr.)

ex. Arthur Bally-Herzog collection

15 commentsdupondius
Roman, Hadrian Sestertius551 viewsThis is one of my favourite coins because it has one of the best portraits of Hadrian that I have ever seen.4 commentspeterpil19
Severus Alexander, Sestertius - *549 viewsSestertius struck in Rome in AD 231
IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate bust of Severus Alexander righ, with light drapery on left shoulder
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, with a small figure of the emperor at his feet, SC in field
14.75 gr
Ref : RCV #7966, Cohen # 74
17 commentsPotator II
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 084, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter,549 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 084, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left, facing right, holding scepter and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-84, p-25, C-109, c3,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II, AE1 Antioch549 viewsJulian II. 360-363 AD. AE1 (8.89 gm). Antioch mint, 4th officina. DNFLCLIVLI-ANVSPFAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVB, bull standing right, two stars above; (palm) ANTD (palm).
RIC VIII 216; LRBC 2640.
Grade: good VF, dark brown patina.
I can not understand why the coin was graded as gVF only - there are no any visible traces of circulating.
The most perfect portrait of Julian which I have seen ever. If you do not agree, show me better!
13 commentsIVLIANVS
Gallienus Antoninianus548 viewsGallienus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 207k
Date: 267-268 AD
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG; radiate bust rt.
Reverse: IOVICONS AVG; goat stg. lt.; stigma in exergue
Size: 17 mm
Weight: 2.5 grams
Constantine I GLORIA547 viewsTanit
Constantius II RIC VIII, Alexandria 58547 viewsConstantius II 324 - 361, son of Constantin I
AE - AE 3, 4.68g, 21mm
Alexandria 2. officina, 348 - 350
draped bust, pearl-diademed head l., holding globe with r.
helmeted soldier walking r., head l., holding reversed spear l. and
leading young barbarian out of his hut, tree behind
exergue: ALEB
RIC VIII, Alexandria 58; C.53
VF, sandpatina
added to

This issue celebrates the fact that AD 342 under Constans the Franks were taken over the Rhine and settled in Taxandria (Belgium). This was a peaceful act (the barbarian would not been dragged but guided!) done by negotiations and the Franks had to fight for the Romans.
Julius Caesar~0.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Julius Caesar547 viewsR5384
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL: Julius Caesar, as dictator (49-44 BC). Silver denarius (4.04 gm). Mint moving with Caesar, 48–47 BC. Female head (Clementia?) right, wearing diadem, oak wreath and pearl necklace, numeral LII (52) behind / Trophy of Gallic arms consisting of a horned helmet, shield, mail cuirass, and carnyx, axe surmounted by animal´s head to right, CAE-SAR across lower field. Crawford 452/2. Sydenham 1009. CRI 11.

The obverse type, which probably depicts Clementia (clemency), symbolizes Caesar's leniency toward defeated enemies. The LII behind her head may indicate Caesar’s age (52) when these coins were struck. The reverse symbolizes Caesar's long years of campaigning in Gaul, where he cemented his reputation as a military commander of genius.
2 commentsgoldcoin
GREEK, Lydian Half-Stater541 viewsCroesus 550BC2 commentsalexB
Roman, Vitellius sestertius minted Rome, A.D. 69541 views25.02g, Ø 36mm, 6h
Obv.: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP AVG PM TR P, laurate head right
Rev.: S C, Mars, helmeted, naked, advancing right with spear and legionnary standard.
Ref.: RIC 141 (R); BMCRE 58; C. 79; Sear (II) 2208
4 commentsCharles S
Lamanai Vista.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize537 viewsMayadigger - Here I am "discovering" an ancient Maya pyramid in the ruins at Lamanai. As seen, it's being recovered from the rain forest by archeologists. This particular structure ia about 80 feet tall. What makes Lamanai unique is that it was the longest inhabited city in the New World...from approx. 300BC to 1100 AD.1 commentsMayadigger
Turkey, Ephesus - Relief inside temple of Hadrian534 views1 commentsmemphius
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Ticinum533 viewsConsantine I, Ticinum min, 326 - 327 AD; bronze, 19 mm, 2.7 gms.
obv: CONSAN TINVSAVG - Laureate bust right
Campgae, 6 rows [top row decorated with pellets], two turrets, star; medium archway. RIC vii 207 R4 page 387.
1 commentsbruce61813
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm531 viewsOctadrachm struck in Alexandria in 297 AD
Obv : ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, radiate head of Domitianus right
Rev : LB (regnal year 2), Serapis walking right, palm behind
12.79 gr
Ref : Sear #4801, Alexandrian coins #4241/2 (the illustration is this ex)

Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in paralle with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)
2 commentsPotator II
Panoramic 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 1531 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Trajan CNG El.130 -343.jpg
Roman, Trajan Sestertius531 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 28.81 g). Struck 106 AD. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis. RIC II 534 var. (drapery on far shoulder); BMCRE 836; Cohen 508 var. (laureate only).
From the Tony Hardy Collection.
Trajan has a smart look in his face.
Jan Terje Rafdal
Roman Empire, Constantine - VIRTVS EXERCIT531 viewscirca A.D. 320
CONSTAN-TINVS AVG Helmeted, cuirassed
VIRTVS-EXERCIT [Valor of the Army] Trophy standing on ground, captive seated on either side
In left field there is a clear wreath; In exergue dot PTR
similar to RIC VII Trier 249, except for wreath in left field in place of star.
unlisted in RIC

collection of Victor
2 commentsVictor
Lysimachos530 viewsKingdom of Thracia
Silver Tetradrachm
Lampsakos Mint, 286-281 B.C.
32mm, 17.1g, 0o
obv: Head of Alexander the Great, wearing taenia and horn of Ammon.
rev: BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena std. l. on throne, wearing Corinthian helmet and robe, left arm resting on shield decorated with lion's head, right arm outstretched holding winged Nike who is crowning name with a wreath, spear pointing downwards behind her right shoulder. HP monogram in l. field, crescent in ex.
ref. Thompson 47; Müller 401; SNG France 2542
18 commentsmihali84
Roman, Pompey the Great530 views5 commentsDIVIF
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan Decius, Antoninianus529 viewsAttribution: RIC 121, 12b
Date: AD 249-253
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: DACIA, Dacia stg. l. wearing robe reaching to feet, holding vertical staff w/ ass’ head (misidentified here and actually a draco battle standard common among Dacian troops)
Size: 23 mm Weight: 4.3 grams
4 commentsNoah
New World, Peru 1526 viewsThat's me, standing close to the stones, just to give the size...2 commentsMayadigger
Roman, Caracalla525 viewsAn incuse profile of Caracalla is visible on the reverse4 commentsTLP
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Emesa (Antioch), FELICIT TEMPOR,525 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Emesa (Antioch), FELICIT TEMPOR,
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FELI-CIT-TEM-POR, Stalk of grain between crossed cornucopia.
date: 194-95 A.D.,
mint: Emesa (Antioch),
diameter: 17mm,
weight: 2,83g,
axis: 0h,
ref: RIC-IV-373var, p-, C-142b,
2 commentsquadrans
Caracalla --AE32, Cilicia, Diokaisarea. 524 viewsObv.: Laureate bust of Caracalla, eagle & T-bolt countermarks. Rev.: Athena, riding quadriga, holding thunderbolt and snake-fringed shield. SNG Levante 673 (same eagle-countermark, same dies but not the thunderbolt-countermark); Howgego 337 (for same two countermarks on one coin). (featherz)featherz
523 viewsareich
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.522 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
A zoo should have at least one Phoenix519 viewsDN CONSTANS PF AUG
Siscia mint, third offic.
Vespasian r103-o.jpg
Roman, Vespasian519 viewsI love this portrait! The sneer/scowl seems so real!

TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS, born in 9 AD to Vespasia Polla and Flavius Sabinus, entered public service and was serving as Governor of Judaea in 68 when Nero committed suicide. The eastern legions resented the quick succession of Nero, Galba, Otho, and Vitellius, since the Rhine legions had caused it all. In July of 69 the eastern legions proclaimed Vespasian, and the legions of Illyricum followed. Vitellius was killed on December 20, 69 and Vespasian reigned mildly for the next ten years. He died of illness on June 23, 79, was succeeded by his older son Titus, and was deified by the Senate.
4 commentsjimwho523
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.518 viewsVia Domitia going downhill towards the bridgeBohemond
Ostrogot, GEPID, 1/4-Siliqua, Sirmium, the name of IVSTINVS-II518 viewsThe age of exodus: Ostgot, Gepid,
1/4-Siliqua, Sirmium,
avers:- The name of Iustinus II. The Legend are affected the diademed head right,
revers:- Stylized monogram.
exe: h, diameter: 21mm, weight: 0,78g, axis: 1h,
mint: ,date: A.D., ref: MIB - (cf 50), cf Metlich, Ostrogothic Italy, S. 43, Abb. 23. RR s.sch. ,( another exampl: Ref:H.D.Rauch 81, Lot. No.:815,)
Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0110, AR-Tetradrachm, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, bow and quiver in left field,518 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0110, AR-Tetradrachm, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, bow and quiver in left field,
avers:- No legends, Young Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at the neck.
revers:- BAΣILEΩΣ-AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and scepter, bow and quiver in left field.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 17,26g, axes: 8 h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III, The Great, ‘Amphipolis’ mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 322-320 B.C.,
date: posthumous, c. 322 - c. 320 B.C., ref: Price 110,
6 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Geta (209-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 075, Rome, FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left,517 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 075, Rome, FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- P-SEPT-GETA-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- FORT-RED-TR-P-III-COS-II, Fortuna seated left with rudder & cornucopiae, wheel below seat.
exe: , diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,47g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 211 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-075-p-324, C-51,
4 commentsquadrans
Antoninus Pius As Sow suckling young517 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ As. 143-144 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IMPERATOR II S-C, Sow seated right under helm-oak, suckling four young, another before, SC in ex. RIC 733, Cohen 450, BMC 1624 ancientone
Claudius II 5ob.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius Gothicus516 viewsObv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
Bust: Radiate & cuirassed bust right
Claudius on horseback left, holding scepter and raising hand in salute.
Date: 268-270 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
RIC 13f
2 commentsBluefish
Israel, Gezer - Bronze Age city walls514 viewsThese are the Bronze Age city walls of the Canaanite city of Gezer. It is near this town that the battle took place where Joshua is said to have held the sun and the moon still. The Canaanites held off the attacks by the tribe of Dan until the reign of Solomon.
posted by Zam
000. Cast of Characters514 views4 commentsecoli
VIA TRAIANA, TRAJAN514 viewsAR denarius. 112-114 AD. 3,36 grs. Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P / Via Traiana reclining left, left elbow on rock, holding wheel and reed. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI. In exergue VIA TRAIANA.
Minted to commemorate the construction of the Via Traiana from Beneventum to Brindisium. On the left a pic of part of the road,and on the right a miliaria ( milia passuum, "one thousand paces", 4,841 feet ) or milestone.
The stone, besides the titles of the emperor, reports that it was constructed at the emperor's expense ( PECVN SVA FECIT ).

4 commentsbenito
Israel, Gezer - six chambered gate built by Solomon513 viewsThe Canaanite town was supposedly conquered by an Egyptian pharaoh and given to Solomon as a dowry for his daughter. Solomon then rebuilt and fortified the city, including this six chambered gate, dating from the 10th century. The chambers were to be packed with soldiers, so if enemies forced their way through the gate, they would be surrounded by soldiers on all sides.
posted by Zam
Antioch Billon Tetra Prieur 443cf.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip I Antioch Billon Tetradrachm512 viewsPhilip I Billon Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Eagle standing left, wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA S C in exergue. Antioch Tetradrachm Prieur 448
9 commentsmwilson603
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I -SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI- Rome RIC 349512 viewsConstantine I, 312-313 AD. AE Follis
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [The senate and the Roman people to the highest prince] Legionary eagle between two vexella
in ex R P
Rome RIC 349

from the collection of Victor
My Constantine Website
1 commentsVictor
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), GERMANY, SAXONY (German States) - 1 TALER 1807511 viewsSilver coin with 27,77grams
Ruler: Friedrich August I
Ref.: KM#1059.1 Dav.:854
1 commentslincon r2
TEMPLE, Augustus, AR Denarius MAR VLT510 viewsAugustus, AR Denarius (3.61 gm). Laureate head right, CAESARI AVGVSTO / Domed hexastyle temple of Mars Ultor (the Avenger) containing legionary eagle between two standards, MAR VLT. RIC I 105a (pg.48); BMCRE 373; RSC 190.4 commentssocalcoins
ROMAN EMPIRE, PROCOPIUS Ae3 NICOMEDIA Mint510 viewsBest portrait for this type4 commentsgb29400
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 504, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/-//TXXI, Salus standing right, RR!!509 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 504, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/-//TXXI, Salus standing right, RR!!
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG-CONS-IIII, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/-//TXXI, diameter: 21,5-24mm, weight: 3,45g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th. emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-504, p-71, RR!!
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
2 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus Antoninianus508 viewsProbus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC V 651, Siscia
Date: AD 276
AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust r.
emperor stg. r. clasping hand of
Concordia, “P” between, XXI in
Size: 21.5 mm
Weight: 3.57 grams
5 commentsNoah
12 CAESARS507 viewsAfter all, Jay GT4 saying he wanted to make a wallpaper of his 12 caesars after he had seen mine, it's due justice to say I show mine in my gallery after I have seen his...

Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
10 commentsPotator II
Roman Empire, Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), AE-2, RIC VIII 335, Siscia, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO, 507 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), AE-2, RIC VIII 335, Siscia, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO,
avers:- DN-CONSTATIVS-IVN-NOB-C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A (or H) behind the head.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO, LXXII left field, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards.
exe: LXXII/Γ SIS Crescent,
diameter: mm,
weight: g,
axis: h,
mint: Siscia,
date: 332-333 A.D.,
ref: RIC VIII 335, p-374,
4 commentsquadrans
Constantine I Beata Tranquillitas.jpg
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS- RIC Trier 343506 viewsConstantine I

obv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Consular Bust of Constantine facing left
rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, Altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX
RIC Trier 343- R4
2 commentswolfgang336
RI 131a img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Florian, Antoninianus, Lugdunum, RIC 16, Bust Type C505 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars advancing right, holding a shield and spear, treading down captive.
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 4, between September to October 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 107. Bastien 150 (31 examples). RIC 16 Bust type C
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Greece, Athens - Odeon of Herodes Atticus503 viewsBuilt in 161 AD1 commentsJohny SYSEL
CAMPGATE, Arcadius503 viewsObv: ARCADIVS partially visible, bust appears to be pearl-diademed
Rev: GLORIA REIPVBLICE partially visible, multi-level "campgate", TES below
AE4, 13 mm (Ray Wilk)
Zeus Ammon on Ptolemy IV Hemidrachm503 viewsZeus Ammon portrait by master die artist. In unusually high relief and expressive style. Uncommon for this type (~ 35mm, 35gm). Issued ca. 220BC at Alexandria mint. This is one Zeus that looks like he really might just get up and step right off the coin or turn around and have something to say of great mythological significance :) 6 commentsPtolemAE
Roman Empire, Trebonianus Gallus, Antoninian with blundered reverse legend503 viewsI'm have this rare Trebonianus Gallus antoninian with blundered reverse legend:
The 'PV' letters are missing!

Very Rare. 5-6 pieces known (example: Lanz #92 (1999) lot#1072).
Alexander III500 viewsAlexander III AR Tetradrachm. ‘Amphipolis’ mint. Struck under Kassander, circa 316-314 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; shield in left field, pellet-in-Π below throne. 17.1 g.

Price 136; Troxell, Studies, issue L8.

Thanks for the atribution Lloyd!

Most lifetime issues of Alexander the Great were usualy bulky/thick, which did not alow for the entire design of the die to imprint on the coin. IMO looked better then the wide thin flan. (edit: though this one is Struck under Kassander)

The coin was hand stuck with a die/avil. Dies were usually made of Bronze because it was sofeter and easier to work with then iron, (though some were made of iron as well) then the was anealed to make it stronger and less brittle.

The planchets were made by pouring molten metal into a mold and saved until needed. When it was ready to be used, they heated it just below melting point and placed it between the dies and the punch die was struck with a hammer.


"Building upon his father's success in Greece, Alexander III (Alexander the Great, reigned 336-323 BC) set about the conquest of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. By the time of his death at the age of 31, he ruled most of the known world from Greece to Afghanistan. Initially Alexander continued to mint Philip's gold and silver coins. Soon, however, the need for a silver coinage that could be widely used in Greece caused him to begin a new coinage on the Athenian weight-standard. His new silver coins, with the head of Herakles on one side and a seated figure of Zeus on the other, also became one of the staple coinages of the Greek world. They were widely imitated within the empire he had forged."


"......Alexander seems to have liked Amphipolis, because one of his last plans was to spend no less than 315 ton silver for a splendid new temple in the city that was to be dedicated to Artemis Tauropolus. It was never built, but after Alexander's death on 11 June 323 in Babylon, his wife queen Roxane settled in Amphipolis, which appears to have become one of the residences of the Macedonian royals. In 179, king Philip V died in the town."


Amphipolis , ancient city of Macedonia, on the Strymon (Struma) River near the sea and NE of later Thessaloníki. The place was known as Ennea Hodoi [nine ways] before it was settled and was of interest because of the gold and silver and timber of Mt. Pangaeus (Pangaion), to which it gave access. Athenian colonists were driven out (c.464 BC) by Thracians, but a colony was established in 437 BC Amphipolis became one of the major Greek cities on the N Aegean. This colony was captured by Sparta, and Brasidas and Cleon were both killed in a battle there in 422 BC After it was returned to Athens in 421 BC, it actually had virtual independence until captured (357 BC) by Philip II of Macedon. He had promised to restore it to Athens, and his retention of Amphipolis was a major cause of the war with Athens. In 148 BC it became the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia. Paul, Silas, and Timothy passed through Amphipolis (Acts 17.1). Nearby is the modern Greek village of Amfípolis."


"A quick look at the WildWinds database( ) indicates that the style and monograms are consistent with an Amphipolis issue, with perhaps a little less care than usual in the engraving of the reverse. The closest I could locate with a quick look is Price 133 (variant), although yours appears to have a shield rather than dolphin in the left field reverse."
16 commentsrandy h2
RI 066ba img.jpg
Aesclepius500 viewsCaracalla denarius
Obv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, with serpent-entwined wand; globe on ground at right
Minted in Rome in A.D. 215
References:- BMCRE 103, RIC 251, RSC 302

Aesclepius is the god of medicine and holds staff with a snake entwined around it.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
Domitian * Minerva with Owl, 81-96 AD. AR Denarius499 views
Domitianvs * Minerva with Owl, 88 AD. Silver Denarius
" ~ My service to the state is listed here ~ "

Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI * Domitian, Laureate head right facing.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P – Minerva helmeted & armed right-facing, surmounting Rostrum, holding thunderbolt (or javelin) in right hand, arm raised to throwing position, and shield at the ready on left arm, her owl, facing, at her feet to the right.

Exergue: Occupied by capital-piece of rostrum column.

Mint: Rome
Struck: January-August 88 AD.

Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 2.96 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Absolutely gorgeous. Beautiful bright, clear luster with tri-colored cabinet toning (rainbow effect) on the reverse.

RSC 236
RIC II, 108a
BMC 103(v)
Cohen 218(v)
Sear RCV I (2000), 2730(v), page 495

12 commentsTiathena
ZENO the Isaurian (474-491 AD), AV solidus, Victory, ex-Eliasberg, struck after 476 AD499 viewsObverse- D N ZENO PERP AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed three-quarter facing bust, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman spearing a fallen enemy.
Reverse- VICTORI-A AVGGG, Victory standing left, holding long cross, two stars in field, CONOB in exergue.
Ex- Stack's auction of the Louis E. Eliasberg, Sr. Collection, 4/15/2005, Lot 24.
Original description: "Zeno (emperor of the East, A.D. 476-491). AV Solidus. Thessalonica, A.D. 476 or later. CHOICE VF / RIC 941. Metcalf 223. Choice VF. 4.27 grams, 20.40 mm. Obv Helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarters facing of Zeno, holding spear and decorated shield. Rev Victory standing l., holding long cross, two stars in field. A scarcer issue. Scratched in right obverse field and holed, otherwise Choice VF. ($80-130)."
(Price realized: $310.50.)
Comments: (Thessalonica? I thought CONOB meant Constantinople?) This has long been a sentimental favorite of mine, and is likely to remain my only ancient gold for a while. The famous pedigree doesn't hurt, either, though this was probably a "junkbox" item for Eliasberg (haha). I don't mind the hole a bit, as I have a large collection of holed coins. This piece does not reside with my regular Roman collection but is the centerpiece of my trademark "Holey Gold Hat", which I wear to shows.
3 commentslordmarcovan
vespasian sestert.jpg
Roman, Vespasian Sestertius499 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 23.90 g). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right. RIC 443; Cohen 419. Good VF, mottled green patina, light smoothing.
9 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Medieval, Hungary, Istvan-I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #16498 views001 Istvan-I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #16
avers:- + STEPHANVS•-REX•, Cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
revers:- + REGIA-CIVITAS (REGIA-CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 0,73 g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-001, CHN-1-001, Huszar-001,
Roman, Trajan498 viewsAn extremely rare type with an almost uncirculated portrait of Emperor Trajan. Trajan's Column was erected in Forum Traiani to commemorate roman victories over Dacia. Still remains intact, except for Trajan's statue and eagles at base that were lost. This sestertius was struck same year that column was erected.(DIVIF)1 commentsDIVIF
Vespasian Denarius498 viewsStruck under Titus, 80-81 AD. Laureate head right, DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS / Shield inscribed S C supported by two capricorns.
8 commentssocalcoins
1794 - III Grossi496 viewsGalicia & Lodomeria - Galician Poland
Obv: MONET AER EXERCIT CAES REG - Crowned double headed Russian eagle,
small shield on breast, above crossed flags.
Rev: III GROSSI POL - Value, Date above sprigs.
Size: 26mm; 9.97gms
This coin was minted in 1794 during the 2nd partition of Poland,
it seems that General Kosciusko, of Poland,(Later of the Kosciusko Bridge fame),
after assisting the Continental army during the American revolution,
went back to Poland and became a nationalist and didn't like the terms of 2nd partition.
He led a revolt of the Polish army and peasants in 1794, known as the "Kosciusko uprising",
against the Austrians, who were taking over Galicia, as per terms of the 2nd partition.
This coin was minted, by Austria, for the Austrian army,
for purchases what was still Polish Galicia. Later to become Austrian Galicia.
It was made specifically for Galicia in 1794,
the year Galicia stopped being Polish and was acquired by Austria.
To me this coin represents the beginning of Austrian Galicia
and the reason I am Austrian and not Polish.

Please advise of corrections to this brief history.
Brian L
AUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS496 viewsAUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS - Francis II (1792-1835) AR Kronenthaler, 1797. B=Kremnitz mint. Obv.: Head of Emperor facing right. FRANC.II.D.G.R.I.S.A.GER.HIE.HVN.BOH.REX.. Rev.: Cruciform figure, with crowns in top, right & left angles; Order of the Golden Fleece hangs at bottom angle. ARCH.AVST.DVX.BVRG.LOTH.BRAB.COM.FLAN.1797. Referenc: KM#62.2.dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I496 viewsCONSTANTINUS I, “THE GREAT”, 307-337 AD. Centenional (2,5 gr.; Æ = 17,40 mm.; 6:00 hs.). Mint of Siscia, 1st officina, ca. 334-335 AD. Obv. DN CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Diademated militar bust right. Rev. GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers besides two militar standars; ex.: ·ASIS·. RIC VII (Sis.) #235; Salgado MRBI #8276.f. Mint State. Shiny dark patina.
4 commentsRicardo
Probus, Fides Militvm2.jpg
Roman, Probus, summer 276 - Sep 282 A.D.496 viewsEx Forum. Silvered antoninianus, RIC 169 (listing obv. legend 8 in error), EF, 3.39g, 22.7mm, 0o, Rome mint, 276-282 A.D.; obverse IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding standard in each hand, R thunderbolt B in ex; handsome military bust; SOLD 3 commentswolfgang336
Bust of Antoninus Pius from the British museum495 views3 commentsareich
zeugitana bronze495 views19.8mm, 4.5g, 90°
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right, palm to right
Constantine I SPQR.jpg
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI- Rome RIC 349a494 viewsConstantine I

obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Bust cuirassed, laureate
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Legionary eagle between two vexella
RP in exergue
RIC Rome 349a
3 commentswolfgang336
Maximinus Portrait.JPG
Roman, Maximinus I Thrax, mid Mar 235 - late May 238 A.D.494 viewsNot sure if this coin fits the bill , but I find the portrait rather Powerfull and expressive.
Your thoughts?
4 commentsjdholds
Afghanistan493 viewsKM849 - Paisa - AH1329-1334 (1914-1917)Daniel F
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Ephesos, PACI AVGVSTAE, EPHE, Victory advancing right, Rare!!!493 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Ephesos, PACI AVGVSTAE, EPHE, Victory advancing right, Rare!!!
revers:- PACI-AVGVSTAE/EPHE, Victory advancing right,
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,09g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ephesos, date: 71 A.D. , ref: RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349 p-56, RPC 848,
4 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carus, early Sep 282 - c. Jul/Aug 283 A.D., Postumus Consecration Issue492 viewschoice aEF, 3.06g, 22.7mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, obverse DIVO CARO, radiate bust right; reverse CONSECRATIO •, flaming altar, T - R across fields, XXI in exergue; dark toning2 commentssalem
Roman Empire, PROBUS with club -- unlisted492 viewsIMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
his radiated and cuirassed bust left, shield on left shoulder, holding club vertical in right hand.
Probus and Concordia standing facing each other, clasping right hands

* gb29400
3 commentsgb29400
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1492 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1
avers: IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers: TR-P-VIIII-IMP-XIIII-COS-VII-P-P, Quadriga left with corn ears in car.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 79 A.D., ref: RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012 p-117, RSC-278, BMC 18, BN 15, C 277,
7 commentsquadrans
1789/90-1865 AD - Johann Jacob Lauer - Rechenpfenning (Jeton)491 viewsMaker: Johann Jacob Lauer (1789/90-1865 AD)
Date: Early-Mid 1800's AD
Condition: Very Fine
Type: Rechenpfenning (Jeton)

Obverse: PLUS ULTRA (Going Further)
Ship with four masts.

Reverse: IOH : LAUER * RECN * PF
Johann Lauer Rechenpfenning
Five stars with a crescent moon above.

Struck in Neurenberg
Note: Slight possibility this was struck by grandson of same name later in the century.
0.47g; 13.5mm; 90°
Alexander III The Great490 viewsAlexander III The Great Silver Tetradrachm
Amphipolis mint 323-315 B.C.
24mm, 16.72g, 180o
ob: Herakles draped in Nemean Lion skin
rev: Zeus seated left holding sceptre in left and eagle in right. L above bucranium, E under throne. ALEXAN∆POY
Price 432; Ehrhardt 18
5 commentsmihali84
Zeus Chrysaoreus490 viewsPius bust left. Draped statue of Zeus Chrysaoreus holding patera and sceptre. Eagle at feet. BMC Caria, Pl. XII

City; Province; Region Ceramus; Asia: Conventus of Alabanda; Caria
Date 138–161
Magistrate P. Ailios Themistokles Protoleontos, arxas (ex-archon?)
Obverse design laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, l.
Obverse inscription ΑΥΤΟΚ ΚΑΙΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΝ ΣΕΒ ΕΥ (facing outward)
Reverse design Zeus (Chrysaoreus) standing, facing, head, l., holding patera over eagle and long sceptre
Metal Bronze
Average diameter 33 mm
Average weight 19.91 g

CHRYSAOR (Chrusaôr). The god with the golden sword or arms. In this sense it is used as a surname or attribute of several divinities, such as Apollo (Hom. II. xv. 256), Artemis (Herod. viii. 77), and Demeter. (Hom. Hymn. in Cer. 4.) We find Chrysaoreus as a surname of Zeus with the same meaning, under which he had a temple in Caria, which was a national sanctuary, and the place of meeting for the national assembly of the Carians. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
moneta 537~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Antioch, RIC VII 86490 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing, facing each other, each holding spear and shield, either side of two standards.
exergue: SMANA
Struck 330-335 A.D. at Antioch
Van Meter 93
From the collection of Jericho
3 commentsJericho
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric Julia Domna488 viewsJulia Domna --AR Denarius. Contemporary (ancient) imitation. IVLIA DOMINA (sic) AVG. R: Vesta seated left holding palladium and sceptre. 2 commentsfeatherz
RI 160e img~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Trier, RIC VII 303 (STR)487 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Helmeted & cuirassed bust right
rev: BEATA TRANQVILLITAS VOTIS XX. Globe on altar inscribed VOT IS XX
exergue: STR
Struck 321 A.D. at Trier
Ex Langcroft Hoard

2 commentsmaridvnvm
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 338486 viewsAR - Denar, 3.25g, 18.8mm
Rome, Dec. 175 - Dec. 176
head laureate, r.
Pile of arms
in ex: DE GERM
RIC III, 338
Scarce; VF(?)
added to

Early in 169, the Marcomanni and Quadi crossed the Danube, penetrated the intervening provinces, and entered Italy. The culmination of their onslaught was a siege of Aquileia. The effect upon the inhabitants of the peninsula was frightful. This was the first invasion of Italy since the late second century B.C., when the Cimbri and Teutones had been separately crushed by Marius.
After a rapid mobilization of forces MARCUS AURELIUS turned north and began his counterattacks against the barbarians. First and foremost, the enemy had to be driven out of Italy and then into their own territory beyond the Danube. But it was a time-consuming and expensive operation. 23 Nov. 176 he held the triumph over Germans and Sarmati. Raetia and Noricum became Roman provinces.
1 commentsJochen
Probus ADVENTVS AVG RIC 157-2~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, antoninianus, Rome, RIC 157 Bust Type F486 viewsEmperor on horseback L, arm raised, ADVENTVS AVG, trampling captive. Rome mint, exe R crescent delta. 3 commentsRobert_Brenchley
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Mark Antony, AR Legionary denarius, (LEG V)485 viewsStruck at a travelling mint, c.32-31 B.C.
Obverse: Galley sailing right. ANT AVG above; III VIR • R • P • C below.
Reverse: LEG V, Legionary eagle between two standards.
8 commentsOptimus
Greek, Alexander III the Great - Tetradrachm - Amphipolis, Macedon484 viewsDate: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.4 g
Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field
Price 13
5 commentsViriathus
appio claudio 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Appio-Claudian Aqueduct 2484 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
ROMAN EMPIRE, NERO, AE AS484 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM - Laureate bust of Nero right.
Rev: S C, Victory alighting left, wings spread, holding shield (SPQR).
RIC I 351B
3 commentspostumus
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG Draped, cuirassed and radiated bust right
VICTO - Ri - A AV - G Victoria walking right
with full silvering

4 commentsgb29400
Remus and Romulus with the she-wolf483 viewsThe symbol of Rome this is an Etruscan bronze currently on display at the Musei Capitolini in Rome.Titus Pullo
Altun Ha.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize482 viewsMayadigger - Altun Ha "Rock Water", was another ancient Maya city that encompassed nearly 700 years of occupation. Lovely in situation, it's population at it's height was close to 20,000 citizens. It was another leading trade center. Mayadigger
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Fully Silvered Antoninianus, Rome, RIC 158482 viewsProbus Fully Silvered Antoninianus, somewhat toned

RIC Rome 158

Radiate facing right, cuirassed with Medusa head breastplate.

Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.

Angry horse!

This coin is part of the AEQVITI series, representing the trailing "I" for the Rome series.
3 commentsroscoedaisy
Turkey, Ephesus - Central square of Terrace Houses482 viewsPart of the central square of the terrace houses in Ephesus.1 commentsmemphius
Volusian, Maroneia, Dionysos, AE28481 viewsAE28, 8.8g
obv: [] VOΛΛEC [], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: MAPONEITΩN, Dionysos standing left with bunch of grapes and Thyrsos

Photo by Rasiel Suarez
1 Kreutzer 1812 B481 viewsTibsi
Messalina (Valeria), third wife of Claudius. Augusta, 41-48 CE.481 viewsAlexandria, Egypt.
Billon Tetradrachm (24 mm, 10.32 g).
Year 6=AD 45/46.
Obv: TI KLAUDI KAIS SEBA GERMANI AUTOKR, Laureate head of Claudius, right, Ls (=year 6) before.
Rev: MESSALINA KAIS SEBAS, Messalina standing, left, veiled and wearing long chiton and peplos, resting l. elbow on column, holding in the r. hand two figures (their children, Octavia and Britannicus), on her l. arm are two stalks of corn; in lower l. field, a lituus. Sear 1869; SGI 495; RPC 5164; BMCG 75; Cologne 88; Milne 106.
1 commentsEmpressCollector
Roman, Postumus struck under Aureolus481 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Mars walking right, holding spear end shield

Antoninianus struck in Mediolanum , third officina
C.442 - RIC.387 - Elmer 617 - AGK.111a

magnificient portrait

the coin is also in my gallery with reverse
2 commentsgb29400
France, Sommiéres - Roman Bridge481 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 312- 281 B.C., Babylonian double shekel481 views Silver double shekel, Houghton SC-88.2a, Newell ESM-263, SNG Cop -, gVF, 16.94g, 23.9mm, 315o, Babylon mint, c. 311-305 B.C.; obverse Ba'al seated left on diphros, holding scepter in right and resting left hand on seat, border of dots; reverse lion walking left on exergual line, horizontal anchor above, boarder of dots;6 commentssalem
Roman Empire, Domitianus480 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII

unpublished with this reverse legend
6 commentsfrederic W
Thracia, Lampsakos, Lysimachos, Thompson 47480 viewsLysimachos, 323-281 BC
AR - tetradrachm, 28.8mm, 16.85g
struck in Lampsakos, 286-281 BC
obv. Head of Alexander the Great, wearing taenia and horn of Ammon
Athena, wearing Corinthian helmet, in long robe, std. l. on throne, l. arm resting on shield decorated with lion's-head, spear pointing downwards behind her r. shoulder, holding in outstretched r. hand winged Nike who is crowning the name with a wreath.
in l. Field monogram HP (ligate)
in ex. crescent with cavity l.
ref. Thompson 47; Müller 401; SNG Paris 2542
about EF, a small scratch before the crescent, wonderful style, a Hellenistic artwork! For sure one of the 5% most beautiful specimens of this type!
ex Ancient Auction House (2003)
ex coll. Pete Burbules (2004)
ex coll. AlexB, Hongkong (2007)
ex Forum Ancient Coins (2008), thanks!
Now this gem has its place for some years at my home. Curious where it will go then!

According to Thompson Lampsakos was the biggest mint of Lysimachos in Asia Minor with c. 150 different obv. dies. When Amphipolis began about 288 BC its extensive coinage the issue from Lampsakos decreased.
13 commentsJochen
Roman Empire, Constantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.479 views10647. Bronze half follis, RIC 356 variant, F, Rome mint, 1.74g, 17.8mm, 0o, 312-313 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PACI PERPET, Pax standing left holding branch and transverse scepter, XII left, R P in ex; extremelly rare.

Found in Syria! RIC lists the reverse as Pax holding standard which is confirmed by the plates, while our coin displays a transverse scepter.
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1648479 viewsSilver coin with 28,61 grams
Ruler: Paris von Londron (1619 - 1653)
Ref.: Pr.: 1227, BR.: 2542
lincon r2
TRANQUILLINA. Wife of Gordian III478 viewsAE 24. Edessa 238-244. 9.87g. 1h. Draped bust right wearing stephane. CA.B.NIA TPANKVΛΛEINA.AVΓ / Roma seated left above shield holding Victory, crowned by city goddess holding scepter, standing left behind her. EΔECCE around, ΩN in exergue. Papaefthymiou, Edessa de Macedoine, p. 87, 6 (D3/R5, pl. 11).
1 commentsbenito
Apollo478 viewsFrom the Temple of Apollo at Cyrene in modern LibyaBacchus
BYZANTINE, Maurice Tiberius AV (Fouree) Solidus478 viewsMaurice Tiberius AV Solidus.
Obverse: D N MAVRC TIb PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger
Reverse: VICTORI AAVCCC, angel holding long P-headed cross and globus cruciger; Exergue: CONOB.
Attribution: DOC I 5f; MIB II 6. SBV #sb0478 (Thanks to
This coin seems heavy to be plated silver. I have yet to weigh it. I believe the core to be lead; however, I am unsure.
4 commentsGunner
RI 132ga img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Antoninianus, Serdica, RIC 862, Bust Type H477 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe)
RIC 862 Bust type H (Common).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Valentinian I RIC IX, Thessalonica 3(a)477 viewsValentinian I 364-375, brother of Valens
AV - Solidus, 4.49g, 21.3mm, 0°
Thessalonica 25 Aug.364 - 24 Aug.367
Emperor in consular robe, holding mappa and short sceptre, pearl-
diademed head l.
rev. SALVS - REI P
Emperor standing frontal, head r., holding labarum r. and Victory on globe l.,
spurning captive kneeling l. before him
field: 2 stars r. (type 2)
exergue: SMTES
RIC IX, Thessalonica 3(a) type 2; C.32
R2; about EF, die break on upper rev.
6 commentsJochen
ANT 1 copy~0.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3 Issues struck in Antioch476 viewsThe portraits of Licinius II struck in Antioch are quite unusual and never to be confused with any other mint. Note the sharp nose and somewhat pinched features.3 commentsMayadigger
Roman Empire, Constantius I Chlorus RIC V, 673 var.476 viewsConstantius I Chlorus, Caesar 293 - 305, father of Constantin I
AR - Antoninianus, 4.45g, 22.4mm
Antiochia AD 293
draped, cuirassed bust, seen from behind, radiate head r.
Jupiter standing r., holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing l.,
holding victory, club and lion's skin.
field: dot above S
exergue: XXI
RIC V/2, 673 var., unlisted in RIC
Rarity?; about EF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
added to

From Curtis Clay: This type is known for Diocletian from officinae 1-2, 4-5 and 7. For Galerius there are coins from officina 3 (added: 'Known also for Maximian, RIC'!). For Constantius coins from officina 6 (S) were expected but not yet known.This can be changed when more coins are coming out of Turkey or Syria
1 commentsJochen
Elephant476 viewsJulius Caesar denarius; Crawford 443/1; RSC 49; Van Meter 42 commentsGhengis_Jon
Constantine I RIC VII, Sirmium 48475 viewsConstantin I the Great, AD 307 - 337
AE - AE 3, 3.55g, 19mm
Sirmium 1. officina, 324 - 325
laureate head r.
Victory advancing r., holding trophy in r. hand and
palmbranch in l. hand, spurning captive sitting on ground to r.
exergue: SIRM
RIC VII, Sirmium 48; C.487; LRBC 802
about EF, flan crack at 6 o'clock
3 commentsJochen
Italy, Ostia - House of Amor and Psyche474 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Markus Aurelius HJB.jpg
Roman, Marcus Aurelius473 viewsA nice portrait of the young Augustus.5 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Post Medieval, SAXONY - ALTENBURG (German State) 1 TALER, 1595 (Three Brothers)473 viewsSilver coin with 29,11 grams
Christian II, with Johann Georg & Ausgustus and Friedrich Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg, Regent. (1591 - 1601)
Ref.: Dav.: 9820
1 commentslincon r2
BYZANTINE, ISAAC II AE Tetarteron S-2005 DOC5469 viewsFacing bust of the Archangel Michael beardless and nimbate, wearing loros and holding sceptre with trifoil device. and Rev Bust of Isaac facing wearing crown and loros and holding cruiciform sceptre and akakia. 21mm Nice Very Fine! **** Note the trifoil device that Archangel Michael holds.***** DOC 5a.1 2 commentsSimon
RI 066ax img.jpg
Elephant, complete with wrinkles469 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XV COS III P P, Elephant walking right
Minted in Rome in A.D. 213.
RIC 211a
The XV is in fact modified over XIIII.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
469 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right


AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus - FIDES MILITVM468 viewsDouble sestertius. Obv.: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS PF AVG - Radiated and cuirassed bust right. Rev.: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns. Mint LVGDVNVM C. 74 - R.I.C. 1236 commentspostumus
Italy, Ostia - Street468 viewsIt is like stepping back in time....
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
FRANCE - Louis XVI467 viewsFRANCE - Louis XVI (1774-1792) Cu. 1 Sol, 1791, A-mintmark. Obv.: Bust of king left. LVDOV . XVI . D. GRATIA. Rev.: Crwoned shield with 3 Fleur-De-Lis. FRANCIA ET NAVARRAE REX 1791. Reference: KM-73.7.dpaul7
CHINA - Guang Xu - Kiang Nan Province466 viewsCHINA - Emperor Zai Tian -- Guang Xu Reign (1875-1908) - Kiang Nan Province.
10 Cash, no date (c. 1904) Y-135.
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Valerian I, AE 28, Anemurium Cilicia, SNG Lev 520 (this coin)466 viewsValerian I AE 28mm from Anemurium in Cilicia (SNG Lev 520 = this coin).

Dating to 255-6 AD this large provincial features a rather startled looking portrait of Valerian, crude yet somewhat charming.
3 commentsmauseus
ROMAN EMPIRE, Quietus Antoninianus465 viewsObv: IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Quietus facing right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter seated facing left, holding a patera in his right hand and a sceptre in his left; an eagle at his feet; in left field, star.
RIC V ii : 6 (r3)

1 commentssocalcoins
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 4465 viewsThe modern bronze statue of Trajan, which stands near this emperor's Forum.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 298a, Rome, IOVI STATORI, 464 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 298a, Rome, IOVI STATORI,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; S C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 20,79g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D., ref: RIC-298a, C-111,
Turkey, Ephesus - Terrace House464 viewsLocated in the ongoing excavation of the upper-class terrace houses. Lovely floor mosaicmemphius
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater463 viewsUnder the ArenaW. Kutschenko
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelianus As/Sestertius463 viewsAurelian As or Sestertius, struck 270-275 AD at Rome mint.
Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, emperor and empress clasping hands, above and between them bust of Sol right.
Ø 23-26 mm, 7.14 g
RIC 80 var. (no mintmark in exergue)

1 commentsPscipio
English grenadier of the 18th "Royal Irish" regiment of Foot, 1751463 viewsThe 18th was first raised in 1684, from independent garrison companies in Ireland, under the Earl of Granard and was known as Granard's Regiment of Foot. Granard's Regiment was placed on the English Establishment in 1689. The regiment saw action under King William III at the battle of the Boyne, and all throughout the Irish campaigns, including the fall of Limerick. Serving with the fleet as marines, the regiment received its first battle honor at Flanders, during the assault on the Castle of Namur on August 20, 1695. Having won the admiration of both King and Country, the regiment was designated the Royal Regiment of Ireland. During the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714), the Royal Regiment of Ireland served with distinction at Schellenburg and Blenheim in 1704, Ramilies in 1706, Oudenarde and Lisle in 1708, Malplaquet and Tournay in 1709 and at Bouchain in 1711. In 1747, the regiment was ranked as the 18th Foot and became the 18th Regiment of Foot, or Royal Irish, in July of 1751. The regiment was disbanded after action around the globe in July 1922. (Source:

Scale of this model: 75mm (1/24)
venus victrix forum.jpg
Venus Victrix - the rear view463 viewsSabina, AR denarius, 128 AD.
RIC 412, RSC 89, Sear RCV II,3927.
A gorgeous rear view of the goddess of love, with an elegant "Grecian bend"-curve to the figure, much more pleasing than the dumpy little ladies normally found on denarii of Domna, etc.
- Britannicus
4 commentsBritannicus
RI 055b img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus denarius - RIC 666460 viewsObv:– L AVREL COMMODVS AVG, Young Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P, Victory seated left, holding patera and palm-branch
Minted in Rome in Spring A.D. 179
Reference RIC III (Marcus Aurelius) 666, Cohen/RSC 775. BMCRE 801. Szaivert, MIR 18 457-14/30;
Commodus, as joint Augustus with Marcus Aurelius
3 commentsmaridvnvm
Roman Republic, Sergius Silius460 viewsM. Sergius Silus

Helmeted head of RomA right
EX SC before,ROMA and XVI in monogram gehind

Helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand
M SERGI below, SILVS in ex, Q below horses's forelegs

Rome 116-115 BC
Sear 163, RRC 286/1

This issuer strikes as a quaestor and by special decree of the Senate (EX Senatus Consulto). Quaestors were the immediate superiors of the moneyers and under unusual circumstances occasionally utilized their authority to produce coins.
7 commentsJay GT4
Lion459 viewsSilvered AE ant, Gallienus, GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right / HERCVLI CONS AVG, Lion walking left, roaring. A in exergue. Rome, Göbl 709b.4 commentsflinn
Triens-caput equitis-1.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Aes grave Triens459 viewsTriens caput equitis by Plinius. PLINIUS
458 viewsadrianus
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 163458 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - Denar, 3.53g, 18.1mm, Rome summer-Dec. 166
obv. M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head l.
rev. TRP XX IMP IIII COS III, Victoria standing facing, holding palmbranch in l., and with r. put shield with VIC PAR on a palmtree
RIC III, 163; C.878

The war against the Parthians AD 161-166:
The tension between Rome and the Parthians were growing due to the control over Armenia, the important buffer state, after the death of Antoninus and the uncertainties in Rome (two emperors!). Volagaeses III put his candidate on the throne. So Marc Aurel decided to send Lucius Verus, who has a bad reputation, and his best general Avidius Cassius. They succeded in catching and destroying towns and fortresses, f.e. Seleucia and Ctesiphon. The Roman advance was so quick that it reminds on Alexander the Great. AD 166 the Parthians surrendered and Rome could put his candidate on the Armenian throne.
1 commentsJochen
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1670458 viewsSilver coin with 28,84 grams
Ruler: Max Gandolph Graf-Küenburg (1668 - 1687)
Ref.: Km#190, BR: 3234, Pr.: 1654
lincon r2
moneta 355 large.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Late Roman AE19458 viewsobv: Curaissed bust right
rev: Blundered legend in wreath
5 commentsJericho
Germany, Trier - Basilika457 viewsThe so-called Basilika, Constantine's throne room, is the largest surviving single-room structure from Roman times. The Romans wanted the architecture to express the magnificence and might of the emperor.
It is used as a church now.
W. Kutschenko
GREEK, Barbarous Copy of an Athenian Owl457 viewsTetradrachm with obverse head of Athena. Reverse has owl standing, right, with olive twig and crescent moon. Partial legend to right.
20 mm 16.8 gm
Some coins are like ugly kids. When they're yours, you love 'em!!
2 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE, Macrinus, Rom mint, struck 217-218 AD, Silver Denarius457 viewsIMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG laureate-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left
RIC 53, Cohen 2 (6 Fr.)
4 commentsdupondius
Roman Empire, Constantine- VLPP456 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 319
IMP CONSTAN-TINVS AVG high crested helmet, cuir., spear across right
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP [ Joyous (well-earned) victory to the eternal Prince] two Victories stg., facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)] on altar.
EpsilonSIS dot

Unlisted in RIC VII for bust type H11. It should come before RIC 61.

from the collection of Victor
3 commentsVictor
CAMPGATE, Arcadius456 viewsArcadius; 383 - 388 AD; mint uncertain, probably TES [thessalonica], 12 mm, 1.1 gms. DN ARCADIUS AVG, Pearl diademed, draped,and cuirassed bust right.
Very unusual engraving on the reverse.

Bruce's collection
Anonymous (Ezanas Christian)456 viewsObverse: Bust rt. Garment draped on shoulders, v-neck collar, wearing a head cloth. Within a beaded border. Greek inscription BAX ACA (Interpretation uncertain)
Reverse: Greek cross in beaded inner circle, cross inlaid with gold. Greek inscription outside circle TOYTOAP[CHTHXWPA (May this please the country/people)
Date : AD.330-358
Reference : M-H 50, V27
Grade : EF
Weight : 0.73g
Metal : Silver

Comments : AR 13mm, Die Axis 0°, Aksum has claims to be the first civilization anywhere to use Christian imagery on its coins. King Ezanas became a Christian early in his reign and quickly made Christianity the official state religion. Around A.D. 330 he began to use the cross on his coinage as propaganda to spread his new religion, this is type is thought to be the first of those issues.
Artemis (Diana) as the huntress455 viewsThrace, Augusta Trajana. Æ 24mm, 8.9 g.
Obv: FAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right.
Rev: AVGOVCTHC TRAIANHC, Artemis standing right, holding bow, drawing arrow from quiver, hound at her side.
Similar to SGI 1729; BMC 3.177, 1.

Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo. As the huntress, she holds a bow with arrows, accompanied by a hound.
Unattributed with reversed images on both sides (ABM360)454 viewsAn unattributed mule with a reversed Constantinopolis bust to the right. This coin shares a reverse die with ABM270, a coin from the Nether Compton hoard that has a reversed Roma bust to the right. Diameter 14mm. Weight 1.83g.Adrianus
Alfonso VIII~0.jpg
MEDIEVAL, Spain, Castile and Leon, Alfonso VIII454 viewsAlfonso VIII (November 11, 1155 – October 5, 1214), king of Castile and grandson of Alfonso VII, is a great name in Spanish history, for he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohades at the battle of the Navas de Tolosa in 1212.
The gold maravedi of Alfonso VIII is a strange blend of Muslim and Christian worlds. It has a Cross surrounded by Arabic writings!

Is there anyone who can read Arabic?
1 commentsgoldcoin
New World, Maya, Chicanna, Campeche, Mexico454 viewsMayadigger - Chicanna is a smallish ruin found in Southern Campeche, Mexico. Seen in the photo is a wonderous depiction of everything that the ancient Maya were really about. The ancient Maya, as well as nearly all Meso-American civilizations, believed that caves/grottos were the doors to the underworld (read after-life). In fact, when archaeologists dug beneath the vast Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan in Mexico they discovered that the enormous pyramid was centered on the top of a huge underground complex. The ancient Maya named their underworld "Xibalba" and their representaion of this phenomenon is now known as a Witz Monster. In this photo we see the Witz Monster, his mouth agape, lower jaw displayed with huge teeth, leading into a temple. To the untrained eye it may be hard to make out, but if you look close, you can see his eyes above the doorway, and his ear-flairs to either side of the portal. Very cool...Mayadigger
Greece, Athens - Temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane453 viewsalso Theseion
Temple was used as church in christian times.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Aphrodite453 viewsAphrodite is the greek goddess of beauty and love. She is much older and more primordial than Venus. Venus was a more local goddess and came to Rome not before the 4th century. Aphrodite is melted together of indoeuropean-hellenistic, aegaean-anatolean and semitic-oriental elements. The origin of her name is unknown, perhaps it is related to the sem.*asthart. Her relation to Cyprus is referring to that origin. Possibly the name of the month April comes from etruscan *aprodita. So there could be an etruscan intermediation. She seems to be a conglomerate of old fertility goddesses. Her attributes dolphin and shell points to marine, dove, sparrow and and swane to caelestic and apple, rose and pomegranat to herbal sexual spheres. With Homer Aphrodíte replaces the dark weird deities as a light goddess of charm and gracefulness. She was called 'philommeides', the smiling, and she was the mistress of the Graces.
On the rev. of this coin we see Aphrodite as a later depiction as goddess of grace and seduction. She holds a mirror as the symbol of vanity. Her companions are two Erotes with torches to ignite love.
2 commentsJochen
VITELLIUS (69 AD), AR denarius, LIBERTAS453 viewsObverse- A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right.
Reverse- LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus and long rod.
RIC 105, RSC 47, 16-19 mm, 3.05 g.
Ex-Lars Rutten of Rutten & Wieland, Switzerland, from a swap through his VCoins store.

Another fairly scarce Civil War emperor who ruled from April to December of 69 AD. This coin has some moderate goldish-colored toning which does not show in the slightly overexposed photos, and it is more attractive in hand.
2 commentslordmarcovan
VICTORINUS, SALVS AVG453 viewsVICTORINUS (269 – 271 AD) Antoninianus.
2.9 g, 20 mm
Obv.: IMPCVICTORINVSPFAVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVSAVG - Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar.
RIC 71 VOL V Part II.

ex Inclinatio Roma
D ALEMIVS CAES452 viewsDvo Cameralia5 commentsantvwala
Altun Ha Masks.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize, Masks452 viewsAnother example of the "Pre-Classic Masks" that tell us that this city was established at least 200 AD.Mayadigger
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy III Large Bronze452 viewsPtolemy III - ca 240BC - Alexandria - Drachm
Bronze - 43.1-43.9mm - 73.2gm - 11h
CHI/RHO monogram in eagle's legs
Svoronos 964, SNG Cop. 172
Not especially rare type, but always rare this nice. A real monster, too.
10 commentsPtolemAE
Roman Empire, Constantine- Anepigraphic Dafne451 viewsCirca A.D. 328
Obv. Anepigraphic: head with rosette diademed, looking up to heavens
Rev. CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE [Constantinian Dafne] Victory seated l. on cippus, palm branch in each hand, looking r.; trophy at front, at the foot is a kneeling captive with head turned being spurned by Victory
epsilon in left, in ex. CONS

This bust type is unlisted in RIC. There were three previously known that are listed in Constantine`s Dafne Coinage at Constantinople by R.S. Speck and Stephen M. Huston.Two of these coins are officina A and one is officina S, so this one with officina E is an unrecorded example of this extremely rare type.

from the collection of Victor
2 commentsVictor
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus, Coded Mule: obv Maximian & rev Diocletian451 viewsobv legend: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG rev legend: CONSERVATOR AVGG
obv RIC # RIC V pII 580 / rev RIC # RIC VpII 263var
exergue: X X I gamma dot B I dot
from the collection of cscoppa for more information see the article in the reference section about: "The Siscia MULE"
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great, Lydia, Sardis, AR Drachm, 336-323 BC. Lifetime issue - Price 2576451 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress. / AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated facing on backless throne, his left leg and torso facing front, his head, right arm and right to left; holding eagle in his right hand and long sceptre in his left; NK monogram above bee in left field.
Price 2576; Thompson 134 (same dies). Sardis mint ca. 325/4-323 BC.
(18 mm, 4.27 g, 12h)
ex- Arthur J. Frank Collection; ex- NFA Auction II (25-26 March 1976) Lot 12.
9 commentsLloyd T
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater449 viewsThe arena, built in the 2nd century A.D. for cruel games with gladiators and animals, had a seating capacity of about 20,000. W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Porta Nigra449 viewsThe gate dates back to a time (about A.D. 180) when the Romans often erected public buildings of huge stone blocks (here, the biggest weigh up to six metric tons).W. Kutschenko
1667.Louis XIV. Vue de Louvre 449 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVDOVICO XIV REGNANTE ET AEDIFICANTE.

AR Medal, 34mm. 13.11g.

Unlike Maugers medallic series in which medals were, for the most part, struck long after the events they commemorated, this medal comes from the 'series' of medals struck by the celebrated engraver and artist Jean Warin in 1667.
POST MEDIEVAL, SWITZERLAND, 1 TALER, 1620449 viewssilver coin with 27,69 grams
City of Saint Gallen, Switzerland
Ref.: KM#61, Dav.: 4677
lincon r2
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - remains of city wall448 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Bramsen 0310.JPG
Bramsen 0310. Légion d'Honneur, 1804.447 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon ANDRIEU F below.
Rev.the cross of the order, in the centre of which the eagle of France stands on the fulmen of Jove, encircled with a flat ring, on which the motto, HONNEUR . ET . PATRIE. is impressed. A wreath of the branches of oak and laurel, with their fruit, surrounds the cross behind AUSPICE NEAPOLEONE GALLIA RENOVATA. Exergue, DENON DIRT. JALEY FT.

The engraving is of the highest quality. Some scratches on the obverse, not particularly visible in hand. The scratches on the portrait itself do not penetrate the patination to bare metal.

Laskey's Narrative:
Napoleon having been elected First Consul for life, immediately marked his great event by instituting the order of the Legion of Honour, which, by joining personal decoration with pecuniary stipend, answered two purposes, that of reconciling the people of France to the restoration of artificial rank in society, and also or securing to Napoleon himself the personal attachment of all those connected with the institution; in short it was a cheap, but efficacious mode of giving bribes to all ranks both in military and civil life, and therefore likely to be attended with the best consequences to his own popularity.

On this occasion, Joseph Bonaparte, the Consul's brother, was made the grand officer of the order.

It was also decreed that the legion should be composed of fifteen cohorts, and a council of administration; that each cohort should consist of seven grand officers, twenty commandants, thirty officers, and 350 legionaries; and that the First Consul should always be the chief of the legion, and of the council of administration. The members were to be military men, who had distinguished themselves in the war, or citizens, who, by their knowledge, talents, and virtues, had contributed to establish or defend the republic.

Domitian RIC II, 127447 viewsDomitian 81 - 96
AV - Aureus, 7.38g, 18mm
Rome AD 88 - 89
head laureate r.
Germania naked to waist, wearing breeches, sitting r. on shield, in mourning
attitude; below a broken spear
shield with scroll ornaments and central dot
RIC II, 127; C.148
good F, clipped?

GERMANICUS, after the campaign against the Chatti and the extension of the DECUMATES AGRI of Vespasian to the river Main and the Taunus mountains AD 83
Hexagonal long shield, used by the Germanic tribes
1 commentsJochen
Athenian Owl445 viewsAttica-Athens
Silver tetradrachm
449-414 B.C.
17g, 24mm, 45o
Interesting Countermark on reverse
6 commentskypros84
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 2443 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1698443 viewsSilver coin with 28,87 grams
Ruler: Johann Ernst (1687 - 1709)
Ref.: Km# 254, Prob.: 1804, Dav.: 3510
lincon r2
Panoramic 1.jpg
Italy, Rome, View from the Colosseum443 viewsOn the left the Palatine Hill, the Via Sacra and Titus' Arch.
On the right Maxentius' Basilica
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Sestertius442 viewsDefinitely one of the best portraits of Hadrian anywhere and I'm proud to call this coin my own!

Obverse: Laureate head of Hadrian facing right;
Reverse: COSIII SC, Roma seated facing left holding a cornucopia and victory.
Reference: RIC II 636, BMC III 1295.
3 commentspeterpil19
Unattributed ABM659441 viewsAdrianus
Israel, Masada441 viewsThe ancient fortress in the Judaean desert built by Herod the Great in the first century BCE, it was the last stronghold of a small group of zealots against Rome in the year 73 CE. The view is from the top of the fortress, looing down on the remains of the ancient roman encampment.1 commentsDaniel Friedman
Severus_ Arch.jpg
Italy, Rome - Septimus Severus' arch441 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AR denarius439 viewsVictory reverse, Ephesus mint, very high relief, smooth surfaces3 commentsOptimus
Italy, Rome - Augustus' Mausoleum438 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
As Nero437 viewscopper As
Victory alighting left wings spread holding shield inscribed SPQR

Rome mint 65 AD


Sear 1976 shows head facing right, this example is head facing left.
RIC 1 352
11 commentsTitus Pullo
titus tripod wreath and ravens s.jpg
Titus RIC-131437 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 131 (R). BMC 82. RSC 323a.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod, with fillets streaming out l. and r., on which are ravens r. and l., and in the center, dolphin over wreath
Acquired from Beast Coins, April 2007.

This denarius was part of a series struck for the lectisternium (religious ceremony) celebrating the opening of the Colosseum in 80 AD.

Each god had its own sacred couch, in latin they are known as 'pulvinaria', brought out in pairs, probably in the Forum. The coins in question commemorates the sacred couches which were set out with 'exuviae' (emblems) representing the gods. This example is most likely the 'pulvinar' of Apollo.

There are two different types of the Tripod reverse: The common one with just a dolphin above the Tripod, another with a wreath and ravens added. The Reka Devina hoard records 24 specimens of the more common type and only 3 of the raven/wreath variant. Cohen and the RIC do not have seperate listings for the scarce variant, the BMCRE and RSC do record it however.

Needless to say it took a bit longer for me to acquire this less common specimen, but it was worth the wait. Wonderfully centered with gunmetal toning.
4 commentsVespasian70
Bramsen 1126small.JPG
Bramsen 1126. Bapteme du Roi de Rome, 1811.436 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon left.
Rev. Napoleon, whole length, standing, his head encircled with a laurel wreath, full dress, richly embroidered, the imperial mantle over his shoulders; he is holding the infant with both hands in an elevated situation, as if about to plunge him in an elegant font below; on the top of the font is a Capenduncula, across which lies a branch of myrtle, also a small coffer or acerra, used for holding the incense, surmounted on the top with a cross; against the plinth of the font rests a large book ( the Bible ), on the cover of which a cross; behind the Emperor, on the right, a chair of state, the front ornamented with the initial letter N, within a laurel wreath ANDRIEU FECIT in Ex BAPTEME DU ROI DE ROME M.DCCCXI

AE68. Struck in 1814-15, the original 1811 strike had a different obverse.
5 commentsLordBest
Jordan, Petra - Theater 3436 viewspax
Gallienus APOLLINI CONS AVG RIC 163.jpg
Centaur435 viewsAnt, GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head R; APOLLINI CONS AVG, Centaur walking R with bow. N in exe. Rome, RIC 164, Common.Robert_Brenchley
GordianIII-master portrait.jpg
Roman, Gordian III - 238-244 AD435 viewsMARCVS ANTONIVS GORDIANVS was born in 225. His grandfather was Gordian I and his uncle was Gordian II. After their failed revolt in 238, Gordian was raised (April, 238) to Caesar under the Senate's co-Augusti, Balbinus and Pupienus. When they were killed in July, 238, Gordian became sole Augustus. His rule was generally thought to be mild and wise, guided by his Praetorian Praefect, Timesitheus. Gordian III married Timesitheus's daughter Tranquillina in 241. Unfortunately, both Timesitheus and Gordian died on campaign against the Sassanians in 243-244. His mysterious death on February 25, 244 possibly was plotted by his successor, Philip I.

The details of this coin may be viewed at
3 commentsjimwho523
Aes-Sextans-Scallop Shell.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Aes grave Sextans.434 viewsAes grave sextans. Scallop shell.1 commentsPLINIUS
Greek, Thrace, Lysimachos, Tetradrachm434 viewsObv. Head of Alexander the Great facing right.
Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY. Athena seated facing left on throne, holding Nike in outstretched right hand; in left field, HP monogram; in exergue, crescent.
3 comments4to2CentBCphilia
Polemo II-Mark Antony's great grandson434 views Silver drachm

diademed head of Polemo right

ETOYC - K (year 20)
laureate head of Nero right;

57 - 58 A.D.

18.1mm, die axis 180o

RPC I 3832, SNG Cop 242, BMC Pontus 7 - 8, SNG von Aulock 6691


Marcus Antonius Polemon Pythodoros, also known as Polemon II of Pontos and Polemon of Cilicia is the only known direct descendant of Mark Antony who bares his name. Through his maternal grandmother he was a direct descendant of Mark Antony and his second wife Antonia Hybrida Minor. Antony and Antonia Hybrida were first paternal cousins. He was Antony’s second born great grandson. Through Antony, he was a distant cousin to Roman Client King Ptolemy of Mauretania and Drusilla of Mauretania. He was also a distant cousin to Roman Emperors Caligula, Claudius and Nero and Roman Empresses Valeria Messalina, Agrippina the Younger and Claudia Octavia.

Polemon II’s father Polemon Pythodoros King of Pontos died in 8 BC. His mother then married King Archelaus of Cappadocia, and the family moved to the court of his stepfather. In 17 AD Archelaus died and Polemon II and his mother moved back to Pontus. From 17 until 38, Polemon II assisted his mother in the administration of Pontos. When his mother died in 38, Polemon II succeeded her as the sole ruler of Pontus, Colchis and Cilicia.

Around 50 AD, Polemon II met the Judean princess Julia Berenice in Tiberias during a visit to King Agrippa I. Berenice was widowed in 48 AD when her second husband and paternal uncle Herod of Chalcis, died. She had two sons by him, Berenicianus and Hyrcanus. Berenice set the condition that Polemon II had to convert to Judaism before marriage, which included undergoing the rite of circumcision. Polemon II complied, and the marriage went ahead but it did not last long. Berenice left Pontus with her sons and returned to the court of her brother. Polemon II abandoned Judaism and, according to the legend of Bartholomew the Apostle, accepted Christianity, only to become a pagan again.

In 62, Nero compelled Polemon II to abdicate the Pontian throne. Pontos and Colchis became a Roman province. From then until his death, Polemon II only ruled Cilicia. He never remarried and had no children that are known.

Polemon's sister Antonia Tryphaena's Royal lineage goes all the way down to Nana Queen of Iberia, who died in 363 AD. Truly Antony may have lost the battle of Actium but won the war of genetics!
8 commentsJay GT4
Ptolemy VI Philometor434 viewsSilver Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint
Struck c. 170-164 B.C.
27mm 14.2g
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1489; SNG Copenhagen 265
16 commentsmihali84
a cute elephant!433 viewsstruck under Tipu Sultan (1782 - 1799 n. Chr.)
uncertain mint in Mysore, India
10.95 g, 23 mm
Obv: Elephant walking left
Rev.: Tusk, symbol of ruler
Unattributed ABM 660432 views1 commentsAdrianus
Lucius Verus 1~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus Denarius431 viewsLucius Verus Denarius

Attribution: RIC 491, Rome
Date: AD 163
bare head r.
COS II, Providentia stg. l. holding
globe and cornucopiae
Size: 18 mm
Weight: 3.2 grams
4 commentsNoah
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnentius Barb431 views* AE Barbaric imitation of a (½) Centenionalis Magnentius (350-353)
* Local mint in Gallia 350-353
* DN MAGNENTIVS PF AVG. Bare head of Magnentius, cuirassed and draped.
* I…IT C (omgekeerd) IVCC. In field: SP; In ex: T R. Two Victories with ornamented shield inscribed …I / V / TVN / X
* 17 mm / 2,19 g. Die axis: 225 degrees. Wonderful green patina.
* Compare RIC 312 (Trier) and for SP in field (Lyons) 136, 138, 140 en 142. Does not appear in Bastien's monography.

I could have easily placed this coin, acquired here at Forvm, in the 'favorite coin'-section because it takes a very special place in my collection. I love the fine style of the barbaric celator, who - in my honest opinion - was extraordinarily talented. It should take some effort on my part to get my hands on an imitation that's more beautiful in appearance than this one.
2 commentsGert
Turkey, Ephesus - Theater430 viewsOne of the largest in the ancient world. The apostle Paul spoke here before getting booted out for causing riots.1 commentsmemphius
Athena Panthea - Goddess of one-stop shopping430 viewsAttributes: the wings of Nike, the rudder of Tyche, the sistrum of Isis, the grain ears of Demeter, the cornucopia of nearly everybody, and her own shield.1 commentsflinn
TEMPLE, Maxentius Follis430 viewsMaxentius follis

Attribution: RIC VI 258
Date: AD 310-311
PF AVG, laureate bust r.
Roma seated facing in hexastyle
temple, "H" in l. field, REQ in
Size: Oval flan, 22.3 x 26.9 mm
Weight: 6.6 grams

“According to RIC p. 382, note 10,
H in field occurs only with officina P.
However, Voetter, Gerin Cat. p. 225,
no. 12, reports the same with officina Q,
two such specimens in Gerin's own
collection.” - Curtis Clay

4 commentsNoah
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, Babylon, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Price 3664429 viewsHead of young Herakles right in lion-skin headdress, paws tied at neck. / ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡ[OΥ] Zeus enthroned left, confronting eagle held in right hand and grasping scepter with left, sea monster in left field, ΦIΛI monogram above thin strut between legs of throne, M thereunder.
Price 3664.
Babylon Royal Mint ca. 325-323 BC.
(24 mm, 17.18 gm, 6h)
Freeman & Sear Manhattan 2 Sale (4 January 2011) Lot 133
8 commentsLloyd T
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,429 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N, Bare head of left.
revers:- C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,12g, axis:- h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC-50 (Caligula), BMC-74 (Caligula), C-4,
3 commentsquadrans
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !, 429 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !,
avers:- T CAES VESPAS•IMP•P•TRP COS II, Radiate head right.
revers:- Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium, S-C across the field, ROMA in exergo.
exerg: S/C//ROMA, diameter: 27mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 72 A.D., ref: RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), C-Not in !!!,

"Titus' coins with obverse legend T CAES VESPAS IMP P TR P COS II were struck in year 72, first issue.No ROMA reverse is listed in RIC for Titus in this issue, so you may have found a new type! "by FlaviusDomitianus. Thank you FlaviusDomitianus.
""Titus' issue of bronze coins with COS II and the abbreviations CAES VESPAS is altogether rare. RIC 411-417 only lists two sestertius types, R2 and R3; one dupondius type, FELICITAS PVBLICA, R2, unfortunately not illustrated, it would be nice to compare the obverse die with your coin; and four As types, all R2.

The same ROMA reverse die of your coin was apparently also used for dupondii with other obverse legends:

RIC 396, pl. 31, Vespasian COS IIII.

RIC 438, pl. 34, Titus CAES VESPASIAN P TR P COS II; also pl. 34, RIC 436 (rev. only), which should have ROMA around edge and SC in exergue, but in fact has ROMA in exergue and S - C in field, so seems to be another example of RIC 438.

Titus CAES VESPASIAN PON TR POT (instead of P TR P) COS II: my collection ex G. Hirsch 229, 2003, lot 2219; not in RIC."" by Curtis Clay, Thank you Curtis.
5 commentsquadrans
appio claudio.jpg
Italy, Rome - Appio-Claudian Aqueduct 1428 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine II, AR Heavy Siliqua428 viewsAR Heavy Siliqua. Averse: Bare head of Constantine to r., head bound with tenia; Reverse: CONSTANTINVS CAESAR, three palm leaves with star on top, N below (Nikomedia mint?)8 commentsOptimus
Roman Empire, Licinius I. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 110, Siscia, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2428 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 110, Siscia, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: ε SIS *,
diameter: 20mm,
weight: 3,17g,
mint: Siscia,
axis: 1h,
date: 320 A.D.,
ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, r4,
3 commentsquadrans
Maximinus I --AE33, Ninica-Claudiopolis. 428 viewsDraped bust of Maximinus R/Draped bust of Maximus R.. SNG France 2, 796. Multiple c/m. (featherz)2 commentsfeatherz
RI 132aq img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Rome, RIC 223428 viewsObv:– PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA GERM, Trophy between two captives
Minted in Rome (R Thunderbolt A in exe) Emission 6 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference(s) – RIC 223 Bust type F
Weight 4.14 gms
Size 20.83 mm
Size 23.69mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Howgego 670428 viewsSeverus Alexander --AE34, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Laureate and cuirassed bust right; c/m: D with central pellet / Nike standing facing with wings spread, holding tabula ansata inscribed ELEV/QEPAC in two lines. SNG Levante -; SNG Levante Suppl. 197 (this coin); SNG France 992-994 (same dies); SNG von Aulock -; c/m: Howgego 670. Ex Eduardo Levante Collection. (featherz collection)5 commentsfeatherz
trajan market 3.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 3428 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Roman Empire, Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 032a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,427 views119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 032a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- IMP-C-DIO(C)LETIANVS-PF-AVG Laureate head right. Legend error !!!,
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: XX| A/I // ALE,
diameter: 25-27mm,
weight: 9,78g,
axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria,
date: 301 A.D.,
ref: RIC-VI-32a, p-665,
1 commentsquadrans
Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century426 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSEL
Ariadne Bacchus British Museum.jpg
Ariadne and Bacchus426 viewsAriadne and Bacchus in the British MuseumBacchus
moneta 298a~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Domna, Rome, RIC IV 574426 viewsJulia Domna AR Denarius
obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA. Draped bust right.
rev: PIETAS PVBLICA. Pietas standing facing, head left, both hands raised, lit altar left.
Struck 198-202 A.D. at Rome
RIC IV 574
Van Meter 40
6 commentsJericho
Medieval, Hungary, Salamon., King of Hungary, (1063-1074 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-010,426 views007 Salamon., King of Hungary, (1063-1074 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-010,
avers:- + REX-SALOMONI, Half-figure facing of emperor, right hand raised and holding cross in left hand.
revers:- + PA/NON/IA,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,0 mm, weight: 0,56 g, axis: 10 h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Unger-010, CNH-1-022, Huszar-017,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
trajan market.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 1426 viewsThe first mall in history.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
GREEK, Attica, Athens AR "New Style" Tetradrachm425 views(135-134 BC). Mened-, Epigeno-, and Diod(o)-, magistrates.
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev.: Owl standing right, head facing, on amphora; magistrates’ names in fields; to left, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined scepter; B on amphora, ΓΛ below; all within wreath.
Thompson 348f (same obv. die); SNG Copenhagen 240 (same obv. die).
6 commentsMinos
Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0311, AE-18, Macedonian mint,425 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0311, AE-18, Macedonian mint,
avers: Head of Herakles right, wearing lionskin.
revers: AΛEΞAN(Δ)POY, (Legend error "Δ" are missing) between bow in bowcase above and club below, Γ or Π below.
exerg: -/-//Γ or Π, diameter: 18mm, weight:6,01 g, axes:6h,
mint: Macedonian mint, date: 336-323 B.C., ref:Price 311(?) ; SNG Cop ,
5 commentsquadrans
H486 (01).jpg
Hendin-486 / 1169 (01)425 viewsHerod I - 8 prutot (dated year 3 = either 40BC or 37BC)
7.76 grams

The dating of these coins is subject to debate. Some say that because Herod was appointed Tetrarch of Samaria by Marc Antony in 42BC, that "year 3" would correspond to 40/39BC. Others feel that because Herod was appointed King of Judaea by the Roman Senate in 40BC, that "year three" should then represent 37BC. In all reality, the debate will most likely never be settled conclusively, one way or the other.
4 commentscmcdon0923
Roman, Julia Mamaea425 viewsA very pleasant depiction of Julia Mamaea (13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.) . RIC 335, RSC 17, BMC 483. 3.12g, 19.9mm, 180o, Rome mint, obverse IVL MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right; reverse FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and resting elbow on column; ex Scott Collection.5 commentskklinejr
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Roma seated left,425 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Roma seated left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-ARMENIACVS, Laurate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XIX-IMP-III-COS-III, Roma seated left, holding palladium and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,86g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date:165 A.D., ref: RIC-III-138, p-224, C-481, Sear-,
1 commentsquadrans
Byzantine, Isaac II. Angelus (1185-1195 A.D.), SB 2005, AE-Tetarteron, Thessalonica,424 viewsB 068 Isaac II. Angelus (1185-1195 A.D.), SB 2005, AE-Tetarteron, Thessalonica,
avers:- Abbreviated version of O/X/AP-X/MI (or similar) to left and right of facing bust of Archangel Michael, beardless and nimbate, wearing loros and holding jewelled sceptre (sometimes surmounted by trefoil) and cross on globe.
revers:- ICA /AKI /OC - ΔE /CΠO /TH /C (or similar) to left and right of Isaac, crowned bust facing, wearing loros, holding cross-tipped sceptre and akakia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20x20mm, weight: 5,69g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: A.D., ref: SB 2005,
1 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla * Nemesis - Pessinus * Æ 29, 198-217 AD.424 views
Caracalla * Nemesis – Pessinus, Galatia * Bronze Provincial

Obv: Caracalla, Laureate, cuirassed (and draped?) bust, left facing. ANTONINOC AVΓOVCTOC
Rev: Nemesis standing, left facing, holding measuring rod in right hand, bridle in left. ΠΕCCI N OVNTIΩN

Exergue: N/A

Mint: Pessinus (Galatia).
Struck: 198-217 AD.

Size: 29.79 mm.
Weight: 14.6 gms.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: As seen here, marginally nicer in hand and considerably more to the brown than the green side in the patina.
All in all a very pleasant coin.

Refs: (?) ~ Not Found in the following *
Lindgren I, II or III
BMC (at least from the time when Wroth's volume on Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria was published).
SNG France 3
Coll Pozzi
SNG Righetti
SNG Hunterian
Gorny & Mosch – nor in –
Wheaton College Col.

Apparently an unknown issue.
Athena * Owl, Athenian AR Tetradrachm * 449-413 BC.423 views
Athena * Owl, Archaic style Athenian Silver Tetradrachm.

Obv: Head of Athena right-facing, archaic almond shaped eye, crested helmet engraved with three olive-leaves & floral scroll, wire necklace, circular earring, hair neatly drawn across forehead in parallel curves and which falls below the neck guard of the helmet in elegant, looped coils, neck truncated with row of dots.
Rev: AOE vertical in right field, Owl standing erect to the right, head facing, prong tail, feet resting on bottom line of the lower plane of the incuse, pellet in center of forehead; to left olive twig and crescent, all engraved within incuse square.

Exergue: (None)

Mint: Athens
Struck: 449-413 BC.

Size: 22.26 x 23.63 mms
Weight: 17.8 grams
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Absolutely gorgeous. Beautifully toned, bright, clear, lustrous silver with superb high-relief details both sides.

Sear, GC, 2526; Vol. I, pg. 236.

12 commentsTiathena
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Unlisted423 viewsex FORVM - 8603. Bronze AE3, RIC -, aEF, 3.06g, 19.0mm, 180o, Alexandria mint, 329-330 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, eleven layers of stone, wreath and I at sides, SMAL• in ex; extremely rare variety; SOLD...... RIC lists both the laureate and diademed busts for the preceeding issue (SMAL), but for this issue (SMAL•) issue only the diademed bust is recorded.4 commentscscoppa
ferdinand ii.jpg
HUNGARY - FERDINAND I423 viewsFerdinand I 1550 Hungary AR Denar "Madonna" SUPERB Obv: PATRONA VNGARIE Radiant Madonna with child in Inner circle with K B on both sides. Rev: FERDINAND D G R VNG 1550 - Shield of arms , 0.66 g. dpaul7
Bronze Cupid 2nd Century British Museum422 viewsBacchus
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Mamaea AR Denarius. aFDC422 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.Obv. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG draped and diademed bust right/ FELICITAS PVBLICA Felicitas seated left holding caduceus and cornucopia. RSC 24, RIC 338. Fully lustrous, aFDC2 commentsLordBest
14. Celtic AR tetradrachm - GALLIERKOPF / SCHNURRBART type - 2nd-1st century (?)422 viewsobv: Apollo head (?) with a mustache right
rev: Rider left, under the horse is rosette with a central point
ref: Göbl OTA 349 (Gallierkopf/Schnurrbart), Pink 349 (Gallischer Einflus); Dessewffy 1224; Dembski 1273-1278 (Kopf mit Schnurrbart); Kostial -; LaTour 9866;
mint: unknown
9.87gms, 24mm

The obverse is one of the most beautiful and the most characteristic product of the (east) celtic coinage. The tipical gallic (or Apollo ?) head without beard and the thick pleated hair belongs to celtic coins of Noricum, and this motive probably got to the Munkács area with transmit of Boii. Maybe that's why Pink is classified in category of Western influence coins (unter Westlichem Einfluss).
Reverse rider holds a zickzack line (lightning?) in right hand, while with his left hand is based on the horse (see: LaTour 9866)
Other description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
2 commentsberserker
Medieval, Hungary, Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-222, 421 views022 Bela IV., (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-222, King of Hungary
avers:- Emperor faceing, draped with Crown, long hair.
revers:- Cross and circle with in R, B-E-L-A,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 12,3 mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-222_CNH-1-234_Huszar-299,
1 commentsquadrans
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala421 viewsMayadigger - Tikal was the home to 45,000 + citizens from 200-800 AD. This truly maginificent site is located deep in the Peten rainforest. The pyramid seen here is approx. 140 feet tall, whose temple is topped with a "cox-comb" roof decoration. In the right foreground is seen the Great Plaza with a number of stone stelae commemorating the city's kings. In the right background is the acropolis, where the elites not only lived, but were also buried with great pomp.
Roman, Geta420 viewsHappy childhood ?


2 commentsecoli
002 a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Octavianus, Crawford 540-2, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS·ITER·ET·TER·DESIG Tetrastyle temple, DIVO·IVL, Rare!!!,420 views002 a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Octavianus, Crawford 540-2, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS·ITER·ET·TER·DESIG Tetrastyle temple, DIVO·IVL, Rare!!!,
Octavianus. Denarius, mint moving with Octavian 36 B.C.,
avers:- IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·III·VIR· ITER·R·P·C Head of Octavian r., slightly bearded.
revers:- COS·ITER·ET·TER·DESIG Tetrastyle temple within which veiled figure standing facing and holding lituus ; on architrave, DIVO·IVL and within pediment, star.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,89g, axis:- 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 36 B.C., ref: Crawford 540-2, Sydenham-1338,
6 commentsquadrans
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Concordia419 viewsgreek colony - Akragas
temple from 5. century BC
6 x 13 columns built over a basament of 39.44 x 16.91 m
temple was turned into church in the 6th century AD
Lubaantun ruin.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins419 viewsThe small site of Lubaantun is found in the remote rain forests of Southern Belize. One of the most interesting bits about this ruin is that the Maya did not use mortar between the building stones. Very rare...never saw it before or since.Mayadigger
Tiberius Asia earthquake relief sestertius419 viewsÆ Sestertius, 28,3g, Ø 35mm, 12h, Rome, AD 22-23
Rev.: CIVITATIBVS ASIAE RESTITVTIS, Tiberius laureated seated left, feet on stool holding a patera and a long sceptre
RIC 48 (S); Cohen 70; Sear (RCV I) 1764; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 56:15

This type publicizes the measures undertaken by Tiberius for the relief of those cities of the province Asia which had been affected by a devastating earthquake in AD 17 centered near the city of Sardis (Sear RCV I and Foss RCH)
1 commentsCharles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, SEVERUS ALEXANDER sestertius RIC 558418 viewsRome mint AD 231
IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate bust of Severus Alexander righ, with light drapery on left shoulder
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, with a small figure of the emperor at his feet, SC in field
14.75 gr
Ref : RIC # 558, RCV #7966, Cohen # 74
9 commentsPotator II
CAMPGATE, CONSTANTINE I, RIC VII 153 of Nicomedia SMNΔ418 viewsCONSTANTINVS AVG; PROVIDENTIAE AVGG; SMNdelta; Diademed (triple row of perales) head right; two turreted campgate with star above, 6 rows of blockscscoppa
Roman, Gallienus, AE Antoninianus418 viewsNo reverse but a superior portrait of Gallienus for these crummy issues. Anyone with a better portriat?1 commentswhitetd49
Medieval, Hungary, Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette-MOnETA-•-REGnI-•-VnGARIE, cross, B-I,418 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette-MOnETA-•-REGnI-•-VnGARIE, cross, B-I,
avers:-• TEMPORE-IO-•-GVBERnATOR-, Bohemian Lion advancing left without crown,
revers:- Rozette-MOnETA-•-REGnI-•-VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I across the field,
diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,72g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-I, by Iohannes Münczer (Pohl).
date: 1451-1452 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-487, CNH-2-157C, Huszar-623,
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater416 viewsthe entranceW. Kutschenko
Gallienus Centaur415 viewsAny thoughts...?2 commentsMayadigger
Roman Empire, Licinius I. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 033, Thessalonica, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/ •TS • A •, S2!,414 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 033, Thessalonica, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/ •TS • A •, S2!,
avers:- IMP-LICINIVS-AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/, In wreath.
exergo: •TS • A •,
diameter: 17mm,
weight: 3,52g,
mint: Thessalonica,
axis: 6h,
date: 318-199 A.D.,
ref: RIC-VII-33, p-504, s2,
Septimius Severus Color Impression414 viewsA quick colorized marble statue. Hair might be too brown for reality, I believe in older age it was peppered with grey like the famous family painting (the one with Geta scrubbed out), but he looked younger here so artistic license was used. Also, he should really be darker skinned but working on the white surface of the original pic made what I was doing seem dark ennough, in retrospect he should probably be a little more dark toned.12 commentsScotvs Capitis
Apollo / Zeus Labraundos, Pixodaros Didrachm413 views340-334 BC. AR Didrachm (21mm, 6.98 g). Laureate head of Apollo, facing slightly right / Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding double axe (labrys) and lotus-tipped sceptre.5 commentsember
Demeter, Thrace, Byzantion (220-240BC)413 viewsTHRACE, Byzantion. Circa 240-220 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 12.07 gm). Veiled and wreathed head of Demeter right / Poseidon seated right on rocks, holding trident in left arm, aphlaston in right hand. Magistrate [EPI SI]LWN[OS], a man called Silo, is located below Poseidon.

Schoenert-Geiss, Byzantion, p. 135, no. 1004, pl. 44, citing and illustrating Naville I, 1920, 1135, same dies. SNG Black Sea 59-61.

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection; ex. Superior Galleries, May 30, 1995.

Owned & posted by Cogito
6 commentscogito
Zimbabwe412 viewsKm1a - 1 cent - 1991
Km2 - 5 Cents - 1995
Km3 - 10 Cents - 1987
Km4 - 20 Cents - 1994
Km5 - 50 cents - 1980
Daniel F
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine with Colosseum in the background411 views2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greek, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos [unlisted rev. die]411 viewsKINGS of THRACE, Macedonian. Lysimachos. 305-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.83 g, 1h). Alexandreia Troas mint. Struck circa 297/6-282/1 BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right, with horn of Ammon / Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, transverse spear in background BAΣIΛEΩΣ , ΛYΣIMAXOY ; monogram to inner left, ligate ΘE on throne. Meadows, Earliest 22 (A13/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Thompson 161; Müller –; SNG Berry 438 (same obv. die). Good VF, toned, some porosity, a few minor marks under tone. Rare.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.
12 commentsSam
CJSII-0729 Obv.jpg
Roman, Constantius II411 viewsFL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C

He looks upset with the world.........
1 commentscscoppa
Roman, Claudius, Amazing "Medallic" Clavdivs411 viewsAS
Mint: Roma
41 AD
Dimensions: 32mm/17,52grms ( theorical weight: 10,82grms)
"Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunitia Potestas Imperator".
Reverse: S-C
"Senatus Consulto"
Réf : Cohen 84 var. (f.) - RIC. 100 - BMC. 149 - BN. 179.
Conservation: SUP
to see the reverse follow this link:
6 commentsmoneta romana
Lamanai Mask.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize411 viewsMayadigger - This is a detail seen on the previous structure. What you're looking at is known to Meso-American archaeologists as a "Pre-Classic Mask" and are only found on Maya structures from the Pre-Classic time, i.e. 200-400 A.D. This fellow is a "Kinich Ahau" or a "Shining-faced" Lord. Kinich Ahau was the Maya Sun God, but this was also the title of the Maya rulers. As all Maya structures were built onion-style, that is, one layer atop another, it is easy for us to date them when we come across masks such as seen here.Mayadigger
RGS, Julian the Apostate, AD 360-363411 viewsGold solidus, 22.1mm, 4.46g, EF
Struck at Antioch in Syria c. AD 362-3
FL CL IVLIA-NVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, with long beard / VIRTVS EXERCI-TVS ROMANORVM, helmeted soldier advancing right, head left, dragging captive with right and holding trophy over shoulder; ANT A in exergue. RCOA
Ex: Freeman & Sear
RIC 197 (citing a specimen at Vienna); Cohen 79 var
8 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
GREEK, Macedonian kingdom, Pyrrhos411 viewsKings of Macedon Pyrrhos 278-276BC. AE Litra (23mm). Syracuse mint.
Head of Phthia left., veiled with acanthus; Rev. winged thunderbolt &
legend 'of King Pyrrhou'. Rare, finest style. EF+
4 commentsalexB
Slavey Tet Large.JPG
Slavey , Lysimachos tetradrachm.411 viewsSlavey, Struck Replica.4 commentsJerome Holderman
bela iii std.jpg
HUNGARY - Bela III410 viewsHungary -- Bela III, 1172-1196 AD - FLAT COPPER Obv. MARIA SANCT, the Virgin Mary standing . Reverse: Bela III nad Stephan IV seated facing, holding orb and scepter - REX BELA REX STS .27 mm, 2.27 g. Obverse: Virgin Mary seated, facing, holding scepter SANCTA MARIA.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II, AE3 Heraclea 355-363 AD410 viewsJulian II, 355-363 AD AE3 * Scarce
Obv: FL CL IVLI-NVS P F AVG - Helmeted, diademed bust left, cuirassed holding spear and shield.
Rev: VOT X MVLT XX – ("I promise ten years and perhaps twenty." Obv: D N) Within wreath on four lines; in exe: HERACL•A.
Mint: Heraclea, struck: Between November 3rd 361 and June 26th 363 AD. Workshop A
Size: (c) 20mm. Weight: 2.95 grams. Patina: Very dark green, near-black: beautiful. Grade: VF
RIC VIII, 106. Scarce, page 438 - LRBC #1908.3.55g
4 commentsTiathena
Germany, Trier - Basilika409 viewsUnbelievable size: 27 m (90 ft) wide, 33 m (108 ft) high, and 67 m (220 ft) long - with an adjoining hall outside even 75 m (250 ft).W. Kutschenko
Greece, Athens - Parthenon409 viewsTemple of Athena built by Perikles.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 4409 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
05. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC409 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.12gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
605. Zeno408 viewsObv: Laureate, draped bust
Rev: Monogram (type 4)
Mintmark: None
RIC X 961
3 commentsecoli
Philip I ROMAE ETERNAE RIC 44b.jpg
Roman, Philip I, first half of 244 - end of Sep 249 A.D.408 viewsROMAE AETERNAE RIC 44b.2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Probus- Virtvs Probi Avg 1.jpg
Virtvs Probi Avg408 viewsProbus, summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Radiate bust left in consular robe holding eagle- tripped scepter in right


IMP: Imperator
C: Ceasar
M: Marcus
AVR: Aurelias
PROBVS: Probus
PF: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Virtvs Probvs Avgvsti

VIRTVS: Virtvs
PROBI: Probvs
AVG: Avgvstvs

Mars walking right holding transverse spear in right and trophy over shoulder in left.

Denomination: Antoninianus Bronze, diameter 20 mm

Mint: Siscia. Making in RIC 810 Bust type H. It looks like XXIV or XXIVI, which would correspond to Alföldi 96/182.

The coin will also be included on the RIC 810 page at
John Schou
Italy, Rome - Ludus Magnus Gladiatorum407 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Germany, Trier - Porta Nigra406 viewsthe other side of the gateW. Kutschenko
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 3406 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 06. Antoninus Pius, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)406 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE 21, 6.75g, 21.05mm, 210°
Bare head r.
Artemis in short chiton and wearing boots, stg. l., holding bow in outstretched l.
hand and drawing arrow from quiver over r. shoulder.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1222
obv. AMNG I/1, 1223 (Dionysos)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2118 (obv. legend unsure)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare, F+, dark green patina

The E in LEITWN is partially blocked so that it looked like LIITWN. The same die flaw is seen on the pic in Varbanov.
1 commentsJochen
Jordan, Petra - The collonaded street406 viewsThis is the centre of the lower city and divides it in north and south.
This is the road that leads to the Semenos gate (at our back)
You can also see the following tombs (from left to right)
Corinthian tomb, Silk tomb and the Urn tomb.
074. Theodosius II, 402-450AD. AV Solidus.406 viewsAV Solidus. Constantinople mint. Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG - Three-quarters bust right, draped, cuirassed, holding spear over right shoulder and shield in left hand Rev: VOT XXX MVLT XXXXS - Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter, her left foot sits on the prow of a galley and at rear of her throne, a shield sits; in right field, a 'star'. Exe: CONOB : AD 430-440, RIC X, 257 (s) Scarce, page 259/ 4.48 g. Choice FDC.
15 commentsLordBest
Antoninus Alexandria~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, Alexandria, Drachm405 viewsÆ-Drachme, Alexandria (Aegyptus);

Dattari 2862 and 8723 is this same rev. type for Ant. Pius, LKB = Year 22 = 158/9 AD.
Diameter: 32 mm
Weight: 21 g
Obv.: AVT K TPAIAN AEL ANTWNINOC CE; laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; at his feet, Cerberus; to l., Demeter standing, r., holding torch; to r., Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia; all wearing kalathos, all on galley with oars

"Definitely a rare type. Not in the rich Cologne collection for Ant. Pius, and Dattari, in the best collection of Alexandrian coins ever assembled, had only two worn specimens." Curtislclay.
6 commentsTanit
Roman Empire, Constantine - ROMAE AETERNAE405 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 318-9
Obv. CO- NSTANT- INVS AVG Laur. helmet, cuir., spear pointing forward, shield on left arm
Rev. ROMAE AETERNAE [To everlasting Rome, fifteen yearly vows (quindicennalia)] Roma std. r., shield in lap inscribed X/V
P R, in ex. RQ RIC VII Rome 150
unlisted officina

unlisted for this officina in RIC (but to be expected, along with P), and unlisted for the obverse legend break.

from the collection of vic9128
Greek, Philetairos, Kings of Pergamon, Attalos I to Eumenes II.405 viewsKINGS of PERGAMON. Attalos I to Eumenes II. 241-159 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.70 g, 12h). Struck circa 225/15-189/8. Laureate head of Philetairos right / Athena seated left, with spear at side, supporting shield with right hand and resting left elbow on small statuette on sphinx; ivy leaf above knee, bow to outer right, A on throne. Westermark Group III, dies V.XXIX/R?; SNG France 1609 (same obv. die). XF, porous. CNG auction.

Photo and Description , courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Sam Mansourati Collection / EX CNG
7 commentsSam
Roman, Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.404 viewsSH40551. Bimetallic medallion, Cohen 376 var (300 fr., bust right, central reverse figure hand downward); Gnecchi II p. 57 No. 52 - 53 var (same), aEF, dark brown patina, Rome mint, weight 59.635g, maximum diameter 39.6mm, die axis 0o, 188 A.D.; obverse COMMODVS ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P, MON AVG, three monetae standing slightly left, each with a scale in right and cornucopia in left, the center figure is smaller, right hand upward and standing on a short round base; ex Gorney & Mosch, auction 180, lot 404; ex Helios Numismatik auction 3, 155; possibly unique5 commentsJoe Sermarini
Germaincus by Gaius SIGNIS RECEPT DEVICTIS GERM RIC 57.jpg
Germanicus by Gaius SIGNIS RECEPT DEVICTIS GERM RIC 57404 viewsDupondius, 30mm, 14.17g.

Obverse: GERMANICVS/CAESAR in two lines across field, Germanicus, bare-headed and cloaked, in slow quadriga, R. Eagle-tipped sceptre in L hand.

Reverse: SIGNIS - RECEPT/DEVICTIS - GERM/S - C in three lines to L and R of Germanicus, bareheaded and cuirassed, standing L, R hand raised, L holding eagle-tipped sceptre.

Struck under Gaius in honour of his father, 37-41.

Rome, RIC 57, Common.

The coin is badly struck rather than heavily worn. Issued to commemorate Germanicus' capture of the standards lost in the Teutoberg Forest in 9AD. He had been awarded the ornamenta triumphalia by Augustus, the trappings of a triumph without the thing itself; the full triumph was finally awarded by Tiberius in Ad15, but not actually celebrated until Germanicus returned to Rome in 17, after a successful campaign. Although RIC does not say so, I assume the figure of Germanicus in a quadriga commemorates the triumph.
3 commentsRobert_Brenchley
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria404 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
1 commentsrexesq
Diocletian RIC VI, Siscia 36403 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AR - Argenteus, 2.84g, 19mm
Siscia ca. 294/5
laureate head r.
The 4 emperors Diocletian, Constantius, Maximianus and Galerius
sacrificing over tripod before archway in six-turreted enclosure
RIC VI, Siscia 36; cf. C.488
R5 (before finding of the Sisak hoard!); EF uncirculated, from Sisak hoard(1953)
Referred clearly to Galerius' Danubian activities 293/6, struck for use by
military recipients above all (RIC)
added to

From RIC: The reverse type exemplifies the times of Diocletian with symbolic accuracy, for the Empire was in many parts reduced to walled cities and fortresses, and it was ruled by 4 men who recognized that in those desperate times their strength was derived from their conformity!

11 commentsJochen
Philip I Victoria avgg2.jpg
Philip I- VICTORIA AVGG403 viewsPhilip I AR Antoninianus
Rome Mint. A.D. 244 - 247

obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, bust radiate, draped, cuir., right
rev: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm

RIC 51, RSC 235
21mm, 4.19g
5 commentswolfgang336
RI 064ad img~0.jpg
Africa402 viewsSeptimius Severus Denarius
Obv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AFRICA, Africa, wearing elephant-skin head-dress, reclining left with scorpion & cornucopiae; basket of heads of grain (called corn ears in the UK) before
References:– VM 8/2, RIC 254, RCV02 6261, RSC 31

Personification of North Africa
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, P M TR P XVII COS III P P, 401 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, P M TR P XVII COS III P P,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; two boys at his feet, one left, one right..
date: 209 A.D.,
mint: Rome,
diameter: 19mm,
weight: 3,42g,
axis: ,
ref: RIC-IV-I-226, p-120, C-525,
1 commentsquadrans
Turkey, Ephesus - Central Square401 viewsPart of the central square of the terrace houses in Ephesus.memphius
Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century400 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSEL
Roman, Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, wife of Antoninus Pius400 viewsSH33181. Gold aureus, SRCV II 4553 (same dies), Cayon 1765 (same), RIC III 356d, Cohen 98, BMCRE IV 398, Choice EF, Rome mint, weight 6.923g, maximum diameter 19.8mm, die axis 180o, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, diademed, draped and veiled bust left; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, torch in right, scepter in left; very light hairline scratches; ex Lanz, Auction 135, lot 745 (misattributed); hints of red toning, bold and beautiful, struck with elegant dies!; scarce

Gold aurei are about the same size as silver denarii but they were not struck with the same dies. The finest work of the mint's top master engravers was reserved for striking gold. The difference between the artistry of the gold and silver is not always so striking, but no denarius equals the beauty of this coin.
8 commentsJoe Sermarini
GREEK, Anatolia, Kyme, c. 165 - 140 BC, AR Tetradrachm400 viewsObv:– Head of Amazon Kyme right.
Rev:– KYMAION eft, KALLIASH (Magistrate) in exe. Horse walking right, oinochoe below all contained in wreath
Minted in Kyme. c. 165 - 140 B.C.
Reference:– SNG Von Aulock 1636. Sng Cop 103
8 commentsmaridvnvm
Roman, Postumus400 viewsThe only reason that I bought this coin was for the portrait, otherwise it is fairly ordinary.1 commentswhitetd49
Constantine I RIC VII, Ticinum 31399 viewsConstantine I the Great AD 307-337
AU - Solidus, 4.48g, 19mm, 0°
Ticinum, autumn AD 315
laureate bust r.
Emperor in military dress, stg. l., short sceptre on l. arm, receiving
globe from Roma, std. r. on throne, holding sceptre.
exergue: SMT
RIC VII, Ticinum 31
very rare! nearly EF
added to

RESTITVTOR LIBERTATIS means: "He has eliminated all his competitors." (Vogt, Orbis, p.162)

This Solidus I have seldom seen. The first Solidi were struck end of AD 310 in Trier, then in Arles. Ticinum started in autumn AD 315 with the issue of these new denomination. This type therefore is one of the earliest Solidi struck in Italy for Constantine. Interesting is its size: With 19mm it is smaller than the later Solidi. And with its thickness too it reminds a bit on the older Aurei!
5 commentsJochen
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize399 viewsMayadigger - Lamanai, "Submerged Crocodile" in Maya, is a truly pristine and very remote ancient Maya city. In this case we, took a small boat up a long, turgid river. It can be reached by "road", read 50 mile muddy track. I know, we did it a few years later and never again. In ancient days, Lamanai owed its wealth to being a trade center centrally located between the vast Maya cities of Tikal, Altun Ha, Caracol, and Copan. Killer ruins...but do not forget your bug spray!Mayadigger
Vespasian- VICTORIA AVGVST S C399 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

Laureate head right


IMP: Imperator, general
CAESAR: Caesar, emperor
VESP: Vespasian
AVG: Augustus, emperor
COS: Consul
III: 3 rd time


VICTORIA AVGVST S C,The emperors victory- By decree of the Senate

AVGVST: Augusti
S—C: Senatus Consulto, By decree of the senate

Victory advancing right on prow holding palm across shoulder in left and wreath in right

Domination: Copper as, size 28 mm

Mint: Rome, RIC 503; C. 632; BMC 616; BN 595.
John S
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I - FELICITAS TEMP398 viewsObv.:IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate bust right Rev.: FELICITAS TEMP SC, Felicitas standing left with caduceus & cornucopiae. RIC 169a, Cohen 44.5 commentspostumus
Roman Empire, Galerius Maximianus (305 - 311 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 024b, Aquilea, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, 398 views122 Galerius Maximianus (305 - 311 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 024b, Aquilea, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: AQ Γ,
diameter: 27mm,
weight: 10,41g,
axis: 6h,
mint: Rome,,
date: 296 A.D.,
ref: RICVI-24b, p-314,
BYZANTINE, Andronicus III Palaeologus (1328-1341) Assarion, Constantinople (Sear-2481)398 viewsObv: Three-quarter length figure of Andronicus facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform sceptre. Legend around - ANAPONIK AVTOKPATO (or similar, sometimes retrograde)
Rev: Cross anchored, with pellet in each angle.
Mesure D~0.jpg
ISLAMIC, Glass coin weight398 viewsGlass coin weight.

Glass weights were used, primarily, as weight standards against which a quantity of struck gold [dinars] and silver [dirhams] and sometimes copper [fals, fulus (pl.)] were weighed since the weights of the individual coins varied significantly more than those of the glass weights. In addition, glass weights from the Umayyad and early 'Abbasid periods often included extensive data such as the name of a governor, his financial officer and the intended weight
1 commentsTanit
RI 155k img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius I Follis, Thessalonica RIC 60397 viewsObv:– IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand; eagle with wreath to left
Minted in Thessalonica (•TS•A• in exe)
Reference:– RIC VI Thessalonica 60
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Lubaantun ruin close.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins close396 viewsMayadigger - Note the lack of mortar...very cool!Mayadigger
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater395 viewsThe way into arenaW. Kutschenko
TEMPLE, Antoninus Pius, AE Dupondius395 viewsRome
158-159 AD
radiate head right
Antoninus Pius standing on cippus within distyle arch temple,
holding scepter with eagle atop
RIC 1014 var; C. 334 var; Bauten 87 var
13,04g 24,5-23,5 mm

this variation has vary high cippus and column bases
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
vesp titus domitian.jpg
Vespasian RIC 16395 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 16 (R). BMC 2. RSC 5.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR; Bare heads of Titus on l. and Domitian on r., facing one another
Acquired from Ephesus Numismatics, November 2005.

This coin was issued by Vespasian during the first year of his reign to announce the beginning of a new dynasty. After the chaos of the Civil War, Rome badly needed stability and Vespasian would provide it.

This has become one of my favorite coins in my collection. The toning is superb and the fine style of the portraits are to "die" for.
4 commentsVespasian70
Athens, Greece, Old Style Tetradrachm, 449 - 413 B.C.394 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, EF, light scuff on cheek, 17.184g, 25.6mm, 180o, Athens mint, obverse head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; reverse AQE right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square;

A superb beauty ex FORVM .

The old-style tetradrachm of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl reverse. Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the reverse a crescent moon was added.

During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.

*With my sincere thank , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
9 commentsSam
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric VOTA type394 viewsObv: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left. Unknown legend.

Rev: (Pi) dot XX within laurel wreath. Unknown legend
Exe: Gamma, (reversed "S") T

barbaric imitation of vows coin. Ruler and date unknown.

From the collection of Bluefish
2 commentsBluefish
coins1 205~0.jpg
gallienus DIANAE CONS AVG394 viewsgallienus, 267-268 A.D., mint of rome..
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
REV: DIANAE CONS AVG, stag walking left. X in exergue.

this coin is historically important because it is believed that this coin was minted to commemorate vows to goddess diana and invoke her protection of gallienus against the revolt of aureolus... theres a whole series of these asking all kinds of different gods/goddesses for help. when i get more of these " zoo" coins ill post them here!

submitted by ancientcoins
2 commentsancientcoins
titus as caesar nep red.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC V366394 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome Mint, 72-73 AD
RIC V366 (C). BMC V80. RSC 121.
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT; Titus, bearded, laureate, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, February 2008.

A reverse type that commemorates Titus' return to Rome after his completion of the Jewish War. Neptune, the god of waters, would be an appropriate deity to give thanks to after a safe sea voyage.

This coin is rated as common in RIC, but it's not one you find very often.
CAMPGATE, Constantine I "Eyes to the Heavens"393 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 328-9
CONSTAN TINVS head with plain diadem, looking up to Heavens
PROVIDEN TIAE AVGG [In honor of the foresight of the Emperors]
campgate with two turrets and star above.
In exergue SMKB dot
RIC VII Cyzicus 57 r5

from the collection of vic9128
3 commentsvic9128
Roman Empire, Constantine I - 20 Year Vows - VOT/XX - SIS in Ex. - Unlisted (No Officina)393 viewsAE19 Follis unlisted in RIC VII. MM of "SIS" matches RIC 145/146 and Rev. legend matches RIC 148. No exact match found in RIC VII. (Even Jochen couldn't find it! :-) )2 commentsnewone
Athenian Owl392 viewsAttica-Athens
Silver tetradrachm
449-414 B.C.
16.54g, 24mm, 0o
13 commentsmihali84
Titus RIC-368 Mule392 viewsAR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC 368 (R3). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: EX S C across field; Victory adv. l., placing shield on trophy; below, Judaea std. l.
3.30 g

A very interesting mule featuring an obverse of Titus as Augustus and a reverse intended for the deified Vespasian. Until this specimen surfaced only one other was known, it belonging to Curtis Clay, which is an obverse and reverse die match to my example. If I may be so bold, the following is what Curtis Clay wrote about his own specimen in 2005 which I cannot improve upon.

"This denarius is without doubt a mint mule, combining an obverse of Titus as Augustus with a reverse meant for Divus Vespasian. A normal denarius of Divus Vespasian with rev. STRUCK FROM THIS SAME DIE was in Rauch 67, part I, 26 Feb. 2001, 368 (I tried to acquire it too but was outbid!).
Does any list member possess a normal aureus or denarius of Titus struck from this same head-left obv. die, and if so, what is the reverse? It is a matter of some historical significance whether this obverse die belongs to 23 June-31 Dec. AD 79, the first six months of Titus' reign, COS VII on rev., or the next six months, AD 80 up to July 1, COS VIII on rev. (After that, perhaps because the mint burned down in the fire of 80, no more aurei or denarii were produced at Rome until the accession of Domitian in Sept. 81.)
Being able to date this obv. die would more or less solve a vexing question, namely when was Vespasian consecrated?
T.V. Buttrey, following H. Mattingly, believes that the consecration must have been postponed until 80, since all coins of Domitian as COS VI (79), plus a few as COS VII (80), call him simply AVG F, Son of the Augustus. Only when new aureus and denarius rev. types were introduced for Domitian early in 80 was his filiation changed to DIVI F, Son of the Consecrated Emperor.
I however think Vespasian was probably consecrated immediately after he died on 23 June 79. The persistence of AVG F for Domitian into 80 is odd and I cannot explain it, but I think this fact is outweighed by two other considerations.
First, it was natural, indeed inevitable, that the status of a deceased emperor, deification or condemnation, should be decided by the Senate immediately after his death. Immediate consecration or condemnation is explicitly attested for a number of other emperors before and after Vespasian. Delay could occur when the successor wanted consecration to enhance his own prestige but the Senate thirsted for revenge by condemnation, as in the cases of Tiberius and Hadrian, but there was no such disagreement about Vespasian: both Titus and the Senate surely favored his consecration. So it is impossible to explain why his consecration should have been postponed for six or more months after his death.
Second, the mint was striking aurei and denarii for Vespasian in four rev. types during the final six months of his life, Jan.-June 79.
When Vespasian died, three of these types were taken over by Titus as Augustus and, judging from the numbers in the Reka Devnia hoard, were struck in about the same volume until the end of 79 as the three types of Titus as Caesar in 79 which he also continued as Augustus. The aureus and denarius type of Domitian as Caesar in 79 also did not change when Vespasian died. In other words seven of the eight common aureus and denarius types of 79, three of Vespasian which were carried on by Titus, three of Titus himself first Caesar then Augustus, and one of Domitian Caesar, were without doubt struck continuously from beginning to end of the year.
But what about the fourth common precious-metal type of Vespasian alive in 79, Victory placing shield on Trophy? This type was not struck for Titus as Augustus, instead we find it with obverse of DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, and with the titles of Vesp. on reverse changed to EX SC to convert it into a consecration type! This type was about as common in the Reka Devnia hoard as the six denarius types of Titus as Augustus in the second half of 79.
I find it impossible to believe that this type was revived for Divus Vespasian after his alleged delayed consecration early in 80. It sticks out like a sore thumb among the other precious metal types of Divus Vespasian, as the only one to merely repeat a type of the living Vespasian instead of advertising the new honors that had been decreed with his consecration. No: obviously the type belongs to the second half of 79, contemporaneous with the other three types of the living Vespasian which Titus had taken over for himself, proving that Vespasian was consecrated immediately after he died!
This is the same rev. type of Divus Vespasian that was wrongly coupled with an obv. die of Titus as Augustus on the denarius reproduced here. If my chronology is correct, this will have been an obv. die of AD 79 and will also have been coupled with correct reverses of Titus dated COS VII not COS VIII, if such coins have survived and can be found!
I have searched without success for this obv. die in coinarchives, wildwinds, several photofiles compiled from printed sale catalogues and lists, and the major published museum catalogues."

Interestingly enough, earlier this year an obverse die match was found with an appropriate Titus reverse (Tripod and dolphin) dating to 80 AD.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
titus dolphin rev.JPG
Titus RIC-112392 viewsAR Denarius, 2.87g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 112 (C2). BMC 72. RSC 309.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Dolphin coiled around anchor
Ex Berk 143, 18 May 2005, lot 177.

Another in Titus' pulvinaria series commemorating the opening of the Colosseum.

Easily one of the best portraits of Titus I have ever seen. The condition of the obverse is excellent.
A coin I'm very proud to have.
10 commentsVespasian70
Roman, Victorinus Antoninianus392 viewsVictorinus AE-Antoninian, 3. emission, struck 270 AD at Trier mint.
Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
(Rev: PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left acrificing over altar.)
Ø 20 mm, 3.77 g.
RIC 57, Zschucke 263.
3 commentsPscipio
Roman Empire, Claudius II (Gothicus)391 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Divus Claudius seated left on curule chair.
1.6 gm, 12.1 mm, Thessalonica RIC 26
Mintmark •TS•B•
Comment: Unlisted in RIC for officina B.
Previously attested on Forum ID Board.
Issued by Constantine the Great in 317-18.
Submitted by Massanutten
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 116, Rome, AE-As, S-C, Minerva, 391 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 116, Rome, AE-As, S-C, Minerva,
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, Bare head left.
revers:- No legend - Minerva advancing right, holding javelin and round shield; S C across fields.
diameter: 29mm,
weight: 12,09g,
axis:- h,
mint: Rome,
date: 50-54 A.D.
ref: RIC-I-116, C-84,
2 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Philip I Sestertius391 viewsIMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Laureate bust right

Victory advancing right holding wreath and palm


244-5 AD

RIC 192a
Sear 9021

4 commentsJay GT4
Ptolemy I Soter391 viewsSilver Tetradrachm of Ptolemy I
Egypt / Cyprus
Alexandria Mint
Circa 305-283 BC
13.75g, 26mm, 0o
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis. Artists signature D behind ear.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt. P (R) above, unknown monogram below.
Svoronos 250-256
2 commentskypros84
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AE Dupondius, RIC 471391 viewsMint:Roma
71 AD
dimensions: 26mm/11.74grms,
“Imperator Cæsar Vespasianus Augustus Consul tertium”
Réf C.411 (2f.) - RIC.471 - BMC/RE.588 - BN/R.565 pl. 51 - RCV.- Monnaies XXI number 2395
moneta romana
Germany, Trier - Basilika390 viewsLater on, the archbishop used it as his administrative center and it was enlarged by three palace wings after 1614W. Kutschenko
Wolf with Romulus and Remus390 viewsAntoninus Pius. 138-161 AD. Sestertius (23.3g, 30-32mm, 12h) Rome mint. Struck 140-144 AD. Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P , laureate head right. Rev.: TR POT COS III [around edge] S C [in ex], wolf in a cave suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. RIC 650; BMC 1318-1321; Cohen 917; Sear (II) 1274.

Coin belonging to a series depicting scenes from ancient Roman legends, issued in preparation of the celebration of the 900th anniversary of Rome in the year 147 AD.
Charles S
Elephant on a Julius Caesar denarius389 viewsDenarius minted in Italy, c.49 BC
CAESAR, elephant walking rigth, trampling on snake
No legend, Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and apex
4.05 gr
Ref : RCV #1399, Cohen #49
6 commentsPotator II
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 300a, Rome, LAETITIA AVG N,389 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 300a, Rome, LAETITIA AVG N,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LAETITIA-AVG-N, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor; S C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 20,05g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D., ref: RIC-300a, C-122,
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 086, Rome, LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing left,389 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 086, Rome, LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing left,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- LAETITIA-AVG-N, Laetitia standing left with wreath and anchor.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,84g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-86, p-25, C-121,
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1766388 viewsSilver coin with 27,89 grams
Ruller: Sigismund von Schrattenbach (1753 - 1771)
REV.: 1766 and coat of arms of Salzburg
Ref.: KM#402, P.2297, Dav.: 1259
lincon r2
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Rome mint, struck 213 AD, AE Sestertius387 viewsM AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT laureate-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
P M TR P XVI COS IIII PP, S-C Libertas standing left
RIC 498d, Cohen 229 (8 Fr.)
5 commentsdupondius
Lucius Verus Sestertius-mars.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus387 viewsObverse. L.AVREL.VERVS AVG.ARMENIACVS. Laureate head right.
Reverse. TR.P.IIII.IMP.II.COS.II - S.C. Mars walking r., carrying spear and trophy.
RIC III 1379.

A nice setertius with Mars advancing on the reverse.
One interesting thing is that the reverse has not been cleaned to the same extent as the obverse.
5 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
ROMAN EMPIRE, TRAJAN, AR Denarius387 views1 commentsOptimus
Vespasian, AD 69 to 79. Silver tetradrachm from Antioch387 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG COP-169, Prieur - 137 (group 10), Antioch (Seleucis & Pieria) regnal year-4 (AD 72), 14.2 gm, 27mm, Bust of Vespasian right, with AUOKRATWR OUECPACIANOC KAICAR CEBACTOC around,; Rev, Eagle standing left with head right, on a altar, with a palm branch to the left, with ETOUC NEOU IEROU D around. _13500

3 commentsAntonivs Protti
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippa, Copper as, RIC I Caligula 58386 viewsAgrippa, Military commander, friend of Augustus, grandfather of Caligula, great-grandfather of Nero

Copper as, RIC I Caligula 58, SRCV I 556, superb EF, weight 10.34 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 38 A.D.; obverse M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing a rostral crown; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, trident in left, S - C across fields; bold high relief strike on a large flan with no wear, beautiful green patina, extraordinary portrait, spectacular!

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a boyhood friend of Augustus and a renowned military commander on land and sea, winning the famous battle of Actium against the forces of Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra. Declared Augustus' successor, Agrippa's brilliant career ended when he predeceased Augustus in 12 B.C. He was married to Augustus' daughter Julia; father of Gaius and Lucius Caesars, Agrippa Postumus, Julia and Agrippina Senior; grandfather of Caligula, and great-grandfather of Nero.

7 commentsJoe Sermarini
The 12 Caesars + One Virtual tray386 viewsAfter seeing Potator's image of his 12 Caesar's I was inspired to do my own (of course including Mark Antony! While compiling my list I realized I'm missing a Julius Caesar portrait so a non portrait had to fill in. It's difficult choosing which coin to include in this set, in some cases I only had one (Galba) but others I had many more to choose from (Flavians). I do have better portraits of some but I thought these had more interesting types:

Marcus Antonius denarius
Julius Caesar denarius
Augustus denarius
Tiberius denarius
Caligula AE As
Claudius AE As
Nero Dupondius
Galba AE As
Otho Tetradrachm
Vitellius denarius
Vespasian denarius
Titus denarius
Domitian denarius

Image is clickable for larger size.
To see the coins individually see them in my gallery.
13 commentsJay GT4
Poseidon - Ποσειδῶν386 viewsPoseidon is portrayed on the reverse of this Baktrian tetradrachm issued by Antimachos I (ca. 175-170 BC). A uniquely curious choice for a landlocked country, although the association of Poseidon with earthquakes (which regularly shake the region of Afghanistan) may have been a determining factor in Antimachos choice of a patron god.

Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was the god of the sea and the earth-shaker (god of earthquakes) of Greek mythology. He was the protector of many Hellenic cities, although he lost the contest for Athens to Athena. The contest revolved around a gift of each god to the city, with the preferred one of the Athenians determining the outcome. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident, whereupon a spring came into being, only its water proved salty. Athena on the other hand, offered an olive tree making the choice of the Athenians decisive. To placate Poseidon on their choice the Athenians erected a temple to him (Poseidon) at Cape Sounion to the south of Athens.

4 commentsLloyd T
CHINA - Emperor De Zong386 viewsCHINA - Emperor De Zong, Guang Xu Reign (1875-1908) Cu 10-Cash, Hu-Peh Province. Obv.: Dragon, TAI CHING TI KUO COPPER COIN series. Rev.: Chinese and Machu lettering stating reign and province. Note the central figure: That is the province indicator. Reference: Y-10j.3.dpaul7
Jordan, Petra - Gate of Temenos386 viewsPetra, Gate of Temenospax
Roman Empire, Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 076a, Siscia, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,385 views119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 076a, Siscia, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: S/B/--,
diameter: 26,5-28mm,
weight: 8,73g,
axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia,
date: A.D.,
ref: RIC-VI-76a, p-464,
Jordan, Petra - Theater385 viewsA vieuw on some graves and on the left side a theater.pax
ZEUS and AMALTHEA384 viewsBI Antoninianus. Cologne 257-258 AD. 3,41 grs. Radiate and draped bust right. VALERIANVS CAES / Infant Jupiter seated facing on goat (Amalthea) standing right,his right hand raised. IOVI CRESCENTI.
RIC 3. RSC 26.
The myth.
"Rhea, when she was heavy with Zeus, went off to Krete and gave birth to him there in a cave on Mount Dikte. She put him in the care of both the Kouretes and the nymphs Adrasteia and Ide, daughters of Melisseus. These Nymphai nursed the baby with the milk of Amaltheia, while the armed Kouretes stood guard over him in the cave, banging their spears against their shields to prevent Kronos from hearing the infant’s voice." Pseudo-Apollodorus.
She gave the god milk, but snapped her horn on a tree and was severed from half her loveliness. The Nympha picked the horn up, ringed it with fresh herbs, and took it fruit-filled to Jupiter’s lips. When he controlled the sky and sat on his father’s throne and nothing surpasses unconquered Jove, he made stars of the nurse and the nurse’s fruitful horn, which bears even now its mistress’ name." Ovid.

Germany, Trier - Imperial baths384 viewsGoing to the baths was an important part of Roman life: Over 1600 years ago, the Romans built one of the grandest and most impressive baths in the world: the Imperial Baths. W. Kutschenko
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 016, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing right, #1384 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 016, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing right, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm.
exerg: , diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,19g, axis:- 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 235-236 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-16, p-, C-99
3 commentsquadrans
RI 064bg img~0.jpg
Annona384 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– ANNONAE AVGG, Annona, standing left, right foot on prow, holding heads of grain (called corn ears in the UK) and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 - 202
References:– RIC 501 (Common), RSC 21

Annona was the Goddess of the circling year and its harvest produce; Matron of commerce and the market place.
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #1383 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0921, RIC II(1962) 0238(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Rome, COS IIII, Pegasus, Scarce!, #1
avers: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, Laureate head of Domitian right.
reverse: COS IIII, Pegasus walking right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 2,99g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 76 A.D., ref: RIC-II-(1962)-0238,p-42, RIC-New-0921(Vespasian), RSC 47, BMC 193,
4 commentsquadrans
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria, Antioch, Gordian III, 238-244 AD, AR Tetradrachm383 views12.22 grms, 26.5 X 29 mm
Gordian III AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. Struck 240 AD. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / DHMAPX EZOVCIAC, eagle standing right, head left, wreath in its beak, SC in ex. BMC 494. Prieur 282.1

3 commentsAntonivs Protti
ANT 5 copy~0.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3 Issues struck in Antioch381 viewsThe portraits of Licinius II struck in Antioch are quite unusual and never to be confused with any other mint. Note the sharp nose and somewhat pinched features.Mayadigger
Roman Empire, Constantius Jr, Unlisted officina for Cyzicus381 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIUS NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirasses bust, left
Eight tiered campgate surmounted by two turrets, star above. Pellet in left
Exergue: dot/SMKEpsilon
18.1 mm 3 gm 180 die allignment.
Unlisted officina for RIC 53. Unlisted in LRBC.
Previously posted to Forum ID Board.
Submitted by Massanutten
Roman Empire, Licinius I. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 48var, Heracleia, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate,381 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 48var, Heracleia, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate,
avers:- IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG, 2,J1 r., Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: SMH B,
date: 318-320 A.D.,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off.,
axis: 0h,
diameter: 18-19mm,
weight: 3,10g,
ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
Victorinus- Salus AVG.jpg
Victorinus- SALVS AVG380 viewsVictorinus, summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

Radiate cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
VICTORINVS: Victorinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

SALVS AVG, the divine health

SALVS: Salus
AVG: Divine

Salus standing right feeding serpents in arms

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, AE 3, Size 19 mm.

Mint: Cologne mint, RIC 122, Zschucke 211 (7. emission, 1. officinae).
John Schou
44 BC Julius Caesar Lifetime Portrait denarius379 viewsCAESAR DICT PERPETVO
laureate head of Julius Caesar right

Venus seated right holding Victory on extended right hand, transverse scepter in left

Struck Feb - Mar 14th, 44 BC.
RCV 1410, RSC 24.

Venus seated' only appears on this one type of Caesar's 'lifetime' issues, on the remainder she is standing.

Lucius Aemilius Buca was a distant relative of the dictator Sulla. This coin was struck within a month of Caesar's murder.

Ex-Incitatus, Ex-CNG Electronic Auction 223, lot 393
6 commentsJay GT4
Roman Empire, CLAUDIUS II Gothicus. Commemorative AE Posthumous Antoninianus of Mediolanum, struck 270 - 271.379 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus
Radiate head right,
Altar, with flame above, divided in four squares with a dot inside of each square.
Base Antoninianus, traces of silvering (3.09g).
RIC Milan 264; Normanby 1141; Cunetio 2317; [Online RIC temp. #1272].
Quite possibly the finest known!
5 commentsOldMoney
TEMPLE, NERO, DUPONDIUS A.D.65.379 viewsNero Dupondius - 65 A.D. - Mint of Rome
Radiate head left
Temple of Janus with doors closed.
Cohen 174, RIC 290.
A good example of a famous coin
Vesp IVDAEA.jpg
Vespasian RIC 02 379 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 2 (C2). BMC 35. RSC 226.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IVDAEA in ex.; Jewess (as type of Judaea), draped and veiled, seated r. on ground in attitude of mourning, knees drawn up, head resting on l. hand, which is propped on knees, r. arm on lap; behind, trophy, consisting of helmet, cuirass, oblong and round shield, greaves, and two round shields
Acquired from Glenn W. Woods, October 2003.

A reverse which commemorates the Roman victory over the Jews in the Jewish war of 66-70 A.D. Here is what the BMCRE stated about the reverse: "The veil over her head, the head sunk over her hand, her whole posture express utter dejection." One of the most important historical types of the Flavian dynasty. Although listed in RIC as Vespasian's first denarius type, this reverse could not have been struck before August 70 when Jerusalem fell to Titus Caesar and Judaea was truly 'Capta'.

A coin that has a wonderful 'soldier-like' portrait and very detailed reverse. Very well centered for the type, most of which were struck on small flans.
New World, Maya, Xpuhil, Campeche, Mexico379 viewsLocated about thirty miles south of Chicanna, the ancient Maya city named Xpuhil, pronounced "SH-PUH-HEEL" found themselves between the hammer of wanning Tikal to the South and the anvil of the rising Chichen Itza to the North. Without the resources of Tikal, but trying to emmulate that great city's pyramids/temples, poor Xpuhil could only manage a sorry and rather pathetic attempt of Tikal's grand structures. Seen here, we see that their Temple structure tries to copy those seen at Tikal...rather sad, isn't it...?Mayadigger
ROMAN EMPIRE, Elagabalus, denarius, RIC IV 188378 viewsElagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
SH33430. Silver denarius, BMCRE V277 - 278 var (obverse legend), RSC III 27 ff var (same), RIC IV 188 var (same), EF, Antioch mint, weight 3.381g, maximum diameter 18.2mm, die axis 0o, obverse ANTONINVS PIVS FELIX AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMP, galley with sail right, containing eight rowers and pilot holding rudder, acrostolium and standard at stern, sail or standard at prow; the finest example of the type FORVM has seen and a rare obverse variety (full spelling for FELIX instead of FEL)
8 commentsJoe Sermarini
GREEK, Boeotia, Thebes AR stater (395-338 BC) 378 viewso/ Boeotian shield.
R/ Decorated amphora with two handles; ΚΑ-ΛΛΙ
12.25g. 22.06mm
SNG Cop 340
6 commentsAugustin Caron
ROMAN EMPIRE, Macrinus, Rome mint, struck 217-218 AD, Silver Antoninian378 viewsIMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG radiate-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left
RIC 9, Cohen 27 (12 Fr.)
6 commentsdupondius
06. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC378 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.35gms, 21mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine II, Arles, RIC 294377 viewsRIC VII Arles 294

Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)377 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 17, 3.40g, 17.19mm, 30°
obv. [AV K L] - CEVHROC
laureate head r.
Eros, nude, with spread wings and crossed legs stg. r., resting with crossed arms
on inverted burning torch standing on garlanded altar
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) cf. Varbanov (engl.) 2266 (description incomplete, no pic)
c) Hristova/Jekov /Hoeft (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina
Titus RIC-132377 viewsAR Denarius, 2.92g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 132 (R2). BMC - . RSC - .
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod, with fillets streaming out l. and r., on which are ravens r. and l., and in the center, dolphin over wreath
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type is extremely rare with left facing portrait. In all the years I've collected Flavian denarii this is the only one I've ever been offered or seen for sale. RIC cites only an ebay specimen, where are the others? The rarity is woefully underrated in RIC.

Despite the scratches and worn condition this is a wonderful coin, IMHO.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
Abdera, Thrace * Griffin | Apollon, AE14 - 4th Century BC.376 views
Griffin | Apollon, Bronze.

Obv: Griffin pouncing right, head raised in menacing poise, club below; MENAN
Rev: Apollon, right, within linear square: ABΔ-HPI-T-ΩΝ (with retrograde N).

Exergue: MENAN

Mint: Abdera
Struck: ca. 352-323 BC.

Size: 14.67 mm.
Weight: ca. 2.5 grm.
Die axis: 0°

The Griffin (Greek gryphos, Persian shirdal - "lion-eagle") is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head, with upstanding ear-tufts, and wings of an eagle: as the lion was considered 'King of the Beasts' and the eagle 'King of the Air,' the griffin was thought to be an especially powerful and majestic creature. The griffin is generally represented with four legs, wings and a beak, with eagle-like talons in place of a lion's forelegs and feathered, with equine-like ears jutting from the crown of its head. Some writers describe the tail as a serpent, in the manner of a chimera.
2 commentsTiathena
Roman Empire, Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2336 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244, Siscia, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,376 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2336 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244, Siscia, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left.
exerg: S// XXI Q, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-4, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2336, RIC V-I 244,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous Constantine I376 views imitation of Constantine I
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip II, AV Stater376 views4 commentsOptimus
Ptolemy VI Philometer376 viewsPtolemy VI Silver Tetradrachm
Paphos mint, Cyprus
Year KG (23)= 158 B.C.
26mm 13.6g
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; date in left field, PA in right.
Svoronos 1435, SNG Cop. 619, BMC 37
6 commentsmihali84
Trajan Via Traiana.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan, AR Denarius, VIA TRAIANA376 views4 commentsOptimus
049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Denarius, Crawford 442/1b, Valetudo standing left,375 views049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Denarius, Crawford 442/1b, Valetudo (as Salus) standing left,
avers: Laureate head of Salus right, SALVTIS downward behind, border of dots.
revers: Valetudo ( as Salus) standing left, leaning on column and holding snake, MN•ACILIVS III•VIR•VALETV ( MN and TV ligate ) behind and before. border of dots.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 442/1b, Sydenham 922, RSC Acilia 8a,
3 commentsquadrans
Austria, Friesach or Wien ???, AR-,375 viewsAustria, Friesach or Wien ???, AR-,
diameter:12 mm, weight: 0,35, axis: h,
mint: ,date: , ref:
Roman Empire, Licinius I. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 17, Heracleia, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, R4!!!375 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 17, Heracleia, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, R4!!!
avers:- IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG, 2,J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 7 layer of stones.
exergo: MHT-ε,
date: 316-317 A.D.,
mint: Heraclea, 5th. off.,
axis: 5h,
diameter: 19mm,
weight: 2,51g,
ref: RIC-VII-17, p545, R4!!!,
Greek, Alexander the Great, Lysimachos tetradrachm375 viewsMinted in Magnesia, this is one of the most beautiful portraits of Alexander the Great, a true Hellenistic masterpiece. He is looking to the sky, towards Olympus and he is sending a truly arogant smile to the Gods, as if containing the message "I was a true God on Earth!"vercingetorix
22. Celtic AR tetradrachm - SATTELKOPFPFERD type - c.125-75 BC375 viewsobv: stylized, laureated Lysimachos head right
rev: horse walking left with stylized rider made up of three dots and a leg. All within incuse - somewhat scyphate
ref: Göbl OTA 300-14; Slg. Lanz 648ff; Pink 305; Preda: Varteju-Bucarest type
mint: epicentre Muntenia
8.04gms, 22mm

Tetradrachm of geto-dacian tribes.
Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
Jordan, Petra - Theater 2374 viewsThe remains, the side were the artists stood.
The theater was build in 100 a.c., and expanded in 106 when the Romans came.
Roman Empire, Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Siscia, FELICITAS AVG N, Bust-C, -/-//XXI, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!373 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Siscia, FELICITAS AVG N, Bust-C, -/-//XXI, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
revers:- FELICITAS-AVG-N, Felicitas standing left by altar, holding caudeus and cornucopiae.
"Thank you for showing this very rare coin reverse FELICITAS AVG(usti) N(ostri), Felicitas holding a long caduceus and a cornucopiae: the draped bust seen from front is unlisted in Alföldi's work on the mint of Siscia under Probus (so ref: Alföldi 32, -), I know it from another coin in a private collection, which shares the same obverse die as yours >> unreferenced coin, two specimens, one obverse die.
The new reverses introduced at that time in the Pannonian mint of Siscia celebrate Probus as "Augustus noster" (Our Emperor) as the emperor is of Pannonian extraction. The marking which omits the officina number is a clue for an issue of common base aureliani minted parallely with an imperial donativum in gold.
Very nice coin..S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
exergo: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, (686var, p91, ???)
1 commentsquadrans
RI 077w img~0.jpg
Aequitas373 viewsSeverus Alexander Denarius
Obv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left with scales & cornucopiae. Star in left field.
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 222
Reference:– RIC 274. RCV02 7856. RSC 11

'Fairness' holds a scales and cornucopia
Griffon1 copy.jpg
GREEK, Pantikapaion Issue372 viewsObv/ Bearded Head of Old Pan r.
REV/ PAN; Fore-part of griffon l.; sturgeon fish below
21 mm
A remarkable example of this issue from the Greek colony of Miletos in the Black Sea.
1 commentsMayadigger
372 viewsGerman states, Hesse-Cassel Friedrich Wilhelm 1847 - 1866 A.D. Crowned German coat of arms, 360 EINEN THALER / 1 HELLER 1866 surrounded by leged: KURHESSISCHE SCHEIDE MUNZE. KM 613 Helleroneill6217
Islands off Tunisia~0.jpg
Crab372 viewsObverse: Herakles standing right, holding club
Reverse: Crab, Punic letters below
Mint : Island of Tunisia
Date : 2nd Century BC
Reference : SNG Cop-477-8
Weight : 6.87g
Dealer : HJB
Acquired: 30/04/04
Size :AE 20
Comments : Legend says that while Herakles fought the Hydra the goddess Hera sent down a giant crab which attacked his feet
1 commentsBolayi
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, P M TR P XIII COS III P P, 372 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, P M TR P XIII COS III P P,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- PMTRP-XIII-COS-III-P-P, Virtus standing left, holding Victory and spear.
date: 205 A.D.,
mint: Rome,
diameter: 19-20mm,
weight: 2,91g,
axis: 5h,
ref: RIC-IV-I-197, p-, C-470,
GREEK, Italy, Sybaris Nomos 540-520 BC Gillette Collection372 viewsNomos circa 540-520, AR 7.82 g. 31mm Bull standing l. on dotted bar, head reverted; in exergue, VM. The whole within dotted border. Rev. Same type incuse on broken bar, without legend. The whole within radiate border. Historia Numorum Italy 1729. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 1388.

Gorini 1 and enlarged p. 107 (this coin).

An extremely rare variety. Nicely toned and good very fine
Ex Triton sale 1, 1998, 121. Barry Fierstein Collection. From the Gillette collection 1924

NAC 39 Lot 5 May 17th, 2007

Sybaris (Greek: Σύβαρις; Italian: Sibari) was a celebrated city of Magna Graecia on the western shore Gulf of Taranto, a short distance from the sea, between the rivers Crathis (Crati) and Sybaris (Coscile). The last of these, from which it derived its name, at the present day falls into the Crati about 5 km from its mouth, but in ancient times undoubtedly pursued an independent course to the sea. Sybaris was apparently the earliest of all the Greek colonies in this part of Italy, being founded, according to the statement of Scymnus Chius, as early as 720 BCE. The site is located within the limits of the present-day comune of Cassano allo Ionio, in the province of Cosenza (Calabria), Italy.

Sybaris was Italy’s most prosperous Achaean colony. Sybaris was destroyed in 510 BC by Croton which exiled the colonists. The Athenians and Sybarite descendants established themselves in a joint colony, New Sybaris, in 443. Eventually, making themselves unpopular, the Sybarites were expelled and the remaining colonists refounded their city near the spring of Thuria.

The word Sybaritic has become a byword meaning extreme luxury and a seeking for pleasure and comfort
4 comments4to2CentBCphilia
Portrait of Vespasian372 viewsDigital paint of a sculpture, Capitoline Museum, Palazzo Nuovo, Rome. Photo from a series done in the early 1900s by the Alinari brothers.
ALINARI: Photographic documentation of art and architecture in Italy compiled by Alinari in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
4 commentsScotvs Capitis
Gordian III (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, PM 01-38-01, Viminacium, Vexillum, #01, Rare!372 views072 Gordianus-III (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, PM 01-38-01, Viminacium, Vexillum, #01, Rare!
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back .
revers:- PMS_C_O_L-VIM, Moesia standing half left, between bull to left and lion to right, holding vexillum marked IIII in left hand and vexillum marked VII in right hand, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: AN IIII,
date: 242-243 AD. regnal year IIII.
mint: Viminacium,
axis: h,
diameter: 30mm,
weight: 19,30g,
ref: Pick-085, PM-1-38-1, Mus-31,
1 commentsquadrans