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Achaea. Zacynthus, Island off Elis. Marcus Aurelius AE20. Pan with infant Dionysus57 viewsZacynthus; Achaea; Peleponnessus (District: Zacynthus). Date 161–180. Obverse design laureate head of Marcus Aurelius, r. Obverse inscription ΑΥ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝ ΑΥ
Reverse design Pan standing, r., nebris over shoulders, holding bunch of grapes and infant Dionysus
Reverse inscription ΖΑΚΥΝΘΙΩΝ
BMC 93-4

Nerva: 96 - 98AD57 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 97AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.NERVA.CAES.AUG.PM.TRP.COS.III.PP
Rev. - clasped hands, SC beneath; CONCORDIA / EXERCITUUM
11.92 grams
29.1 mm
5 commentscmcdon0923
Athens Owl56 viewsAthens Owl Tetradrachm
24 mm 17.14 gm
Head of Athena right
Owl standing right
2 commentsJohn Campbell
56 viewsvercingetorix
Procopius 56 viewsProcopius AE3
20.5 mm 3.692 gm
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left;
Procopius holding labarum in right, resting left on shield, object on ground to left, Christogram above right, CONSΓ in ex;
5 commentsKoffy
Caligula AE As56 viewsRIC I 38 Rome, C 27
10.61 g, 28 mm
Struck 37-38 AD
VESTA above, S C across field, Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre
Mark Z
AKARNANIA, LEUKAS, 350-300 BC56 viewsStater, 20mm, 8.28g

O. Pegasos left; AN monogram below
R. Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet, KΛE above, monogram below, monogram and bucranium ornamented with fillets behind

Pegasi 71; BCD Akarnania 86

Ex CNG 262, Lot 76
2 commentsrobertpe
ROMAN EMPIRE, PLAUTILLA Denarius RIC 26956 viewsRome mint, AD 202
PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right, hair coiled in ridges and fastened in bun
CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia standing left, holding patera and sceptre
3,43 gr, 20 mm
RIC # 269, RCV # --, Cohen # 2
See Künker auction 03/8/2004 # 2406, same obverse die
3 commentsPotator II
Macrinus, Denarius56 viewsDenarius struck in Rome in AD 217
IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate bust of Macrinus right
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing holding thunderbolt and sceptre, protecting a small figure of Macrinus
2.76 gr
Ref : Cohen #37, RCV #7337
1 commentsPotator II
Caracalla Orichalcum Sestertius56 viewsRIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same)., C198, BMCRE V 235
24.18 g, 30 mm
P M TR P XV COS III P P, S-C across fields, Mars standing l., holding Victory in r. hand and resting l. hand on shield, spear against l. arm; at feet, l., captive seated
RIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same). (RIC lists only COS IIII for this reverse and obverse.)
2 commentsMark Z2
Julius Caesar56 viewsDenarius
OV: Laureate head of Julius Caesar to right
Leg: -
RV: Venus Genetrix as Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus in outstretched right hand and long scepter in left
Ex: -
RSC 26 / Sydenham 1089
5 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Caesarea Maritima. Trajan Decius. 249-251 CE.56 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Trajan Decius. 249-251 CE. Ć 25mm
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Galley sailing left, with three rowers, three ensigns in stern; PORTVS AVGVSTI above. Kadman, Caesarea, 152.
1 commentsMaritima
ROMAN EMPIRE, OTACILIA SEVERA sestertius RIC 202a56 viewsRome mint, AD 248
MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademed and draped bust of Otacilia right
SAECVLARES AVGG, Cippus, SC in field
22.44 gr
Ref : RIC # 202a, Cohen #68, RCV # 9171
Potator II
China, Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Guang Zong, AD 1190-119556 viewsChina, Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Guang Zong, AD 1190-1195, Iron Cash (4.39gm), Quchun Mint, Hubei, year 5.

Song script. O: Shao Xi Yuan Bao. R: Chun and numeral 5. Cf. Jen 1167+. Good VF.
Valerian II, antoninianus - 005056 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust of Valerian junior right
IOVI CRESCENTI, Young Jupiter on back of goat Amalthea right
3.66 gr
1 commentsPotator II
Florianus, Antoninianus56 viewsLyon mint, 3rd emission, 1st officina
IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from front (A)
TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing raight, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left hand. I at exergue (1st officina)
4.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 11874v., Bastien # 146 pl. XVI, RIC # 12, C # 89, La Venčra hoard # II.2/2632
5 commentsPotator II
062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #156 views062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Theodosius I, AE256 viewsHeraclea mint, 1st officina
DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
GLORIA ROMANORVM, Theodosius standing, head right, holding standard and globe. SMHA at exergue
6,38 gr
Ref : Cohen # 18, Roman coins #4181, LRBC # 1986
Potator II
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip I, Syria: Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch, Billon Tetradrachm56 viewsAD 244 – 249
12.11 grams
Obv. AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev. DHMARC EXOVCIAC VPATO G, eagle standing right with wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
Prieur 368, Similar to Sear #3956
2 commentsRichard M10
MACEDONIA, PELLA, 275-270 BC56 viewsTetradrachm, 28mm, 17.08g

In The Name of Alexander the Great
O. Hd of young Herakles r.
R. Zeus enthroned left

Price 621

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
4 commentsAZRobbo
Alexander Jannaeus56 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) (103 - 76 BC)
AE Lepton
Hendin 471

Obverse: Anchor within circle. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY
Reverse: Wheel with eight ray-like spokes. מלכא אלכסנדרוס שנת כה
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
101- Constantine -11.JPG
Constantine The Great -1156 viewsAE3, 322-323 AD, Lyons mint.
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right carrying trophy and palm, captive at her feet.
PLG (crescent) in exergue.
18mm, 2.4gm.
RIC 209
5 commentsjdholds
104- Constantine -14.JPG
Constantine -1456 viewsAE3, 323-325 AD, trier mint.
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right carrying trophy and palm, captive at her feet.
19.3mm, 3.0gm.
RIC 435
Purchased right here at Forvm Ancient coins!!
267-268 AD., Postumus, Colonia mint, Antoninianus, Zschucke 178.56 viewsPostumus, Colonia mint, 20th emission,
Antoninianus (20-21 mm / 2.83 g), 267-268 AD.,
Obv.: IMP POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: SAECVLI FELICITAS , Postumus standing right, holding globe and spear.
Zschucke 178 ; Cunetio 2444 ; RIC 83 ; C 331 .

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
204d. Aquilia Severa56 viewsAquilia Severa

As part of this marriage of gods, Elagabalus married one of the Vestal Virgins, Julia Aquilia Severa (AD 220). In earlier days sexual relations with a Vestal Virgins meant the immediate death penalty for both her and her lover, then this marriage of the emperor only further enraged public opinion. Although the marriage between Elagabalus and Aquilia Severa went ahead, the emperor's religious aspirations for El-Gabal had to be abandoned, for fear of the public's reaction. Instead the god El-Gabal, by now known to the Romans as Elagabalus - the same name used for their emperor, - was 'married' to the less controversial moon goddess Urania.

EGYPT, Alexandria. Potin Tetradrachm (25mm, 14.54 gm). Dated year 5 (221/222 AD). Draped bust right / Eagle standing left, head right, wreath in beak. Köln 2374; Dattari 4188; Milne 2868; Curtis 1016; Emmett 3010. VF, brown patina, rough surfaces. From the Tony Hardy Collection. Ex-CNG
CAMPGATE, Constantine II, AE3 from Killingholme Hoard56 viewsAttribution: RIC 322 (RIC VII)

Mint: Constantina (Arles), Officina 3, TCONST

Date: 328 AD

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left

Reverse: VIRTVS CAESS; Campgate with open doors and four braziers, star above, S | F across field, TCONST in exergue

Size: 20.48mm

Weight: 3.1 grams

Ex Spinks from the Killingholme hoard
1 commentsAnemicOak
Septimius Severus (193 - 211 A.D)56 viewsAR Denarius
O: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, Laureate head right.
R:RESTITVTOR VRBIS (Restoration of the City), Severus in military attire, spear in left, sacrificing over a tripod altar with right.
Rome mint, 201 A.D.
RIC 167a, RSC 599, BMCRE 202
2 commentsMat
Basiliscus AE456 viewsRIC X 1014 Constantinople
0.94 g, 10 mm
D N bASIL........AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Basiliscus monogram within wreath
KOC in exergue
2 commentsMark Z2
TOM56 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR. Tomis. Civic. Ć 17. 1st century A.D. Obv: Blank; countermark. Rev: Blank. Weight: 2.57 g. CM: TOM in rectangular punch, 8 x 2.5 mm. Howgego 567 (12 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Moriaseis, Thrace56 views185-168 B.C
Bronze Ć 19
5.89 gm, 19 mm
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus right
Rev.: Six-rayed star; M-OP-IA-ΣE-Ω-N between rays
Katalog Münzauktion Essen 64 (1992) no. 47;
P.R. Franke, MOPIAΣEΩN - Die erste Münze eines bislang unbekannten thrakisch-makedonischen Stammes, in: V. Spinoi - L. Munteanu, Miscellanea numismatica antiquitatis in honorem septagenarii magistri Virgilii Mihailescu, Bucarest 2008, p. 67-68.

Special thanks to Forvm member Dapsul for his help with this attribution!
3 commentsJaimelai
140-C1 VLLP Siscia, RIC 55.JPG
140-C1 VLLP Siscia, RIC 5556 viewsConstantine The Great, AE3, 319-320 AD
Obv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Cuirassed bust left wearing high crested helmet and holding spear.
Rev: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over altar.
BSIS in exergue. Siscia mint
19mm, 3.1 gm.
RIC 55
2 commentsjdholds
Alexander the Great - Bronze Unit56 views336-323 B.C.
5.08 gm, 18 mm
Obv.: Head of Herakles right, in lion skin headdress
Rev.: AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ, club above, bow in case below,
dolphin in ex..
Macedonian mint
Price 323
(Muller 541; Drama 91; SNG Cop 1057)
4 commentsJaimelai
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I AD 306-337 Rome (RFP)56 viewsObv: CONSTANTI-NVSMAXAVG
Rev: Two Soldiers, Two Standards,

I really like this portrait. Too bad about the corrosion!
1 commentsLaetvs
KA (monogram of)56 viewsUncertain mint. Ć 26. 1st century A.D. (?). Obv: Outline of female (?) imperial bust; Countermark (1) on neck. Rev: Worn smooth; Countermark (2). Weight: 7.92 g. CM(1-2): Monogram of KA, in circular punch, 4.5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
1806 GEORGE III AE Halfpenny56 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III • D : G • REX. 1806. Laureate bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident. Small ship in background to left; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Diameter: 28m | Weight: 9.6gms
SPINK: 3781

The portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by a small "K" in the drapery at the base of the King's bust. The reverse of this coin was also designed by Kuchler, this is indicated by a small "K" to the bottom left of Britannia's shield. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
German States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 183156 viewsGerman States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 1831. Crowned arms / value and date.

KM 384
3rd Republic of France 1870 - 1940. Copper 5 Centimes 1873 A56 views3rd Republic of France 1870 - 1940. Copper 5 Centimes 1873 A. REPUBLIQUE FRANCAIS, Liberty head left 1873 below / 5 Centimes, mint-mark A, all within wreath, star above.

KM 821.1
mintage: 1,492,000
Republic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916.56 viewsRepublic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, National arms within wreath, UN CENTAVO / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, Roman denomination within circle of star, date below.

KM 9.1
British India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930.56 viewsBritish India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930. GEORGE V KING AND EMPEROR, crowned bust left / design around legend and date: ONE QUARTER ANNA INDIA 1930.

KM 512
Sear 200556 viewsOrthodoxcoins
241 Constantius II.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 216, Siscia56 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Bust: Laurerate head right
Campgate, no doors, 10 rows, with arches and dots in top row. 2 turrets, star above.
Exe: epsilon SIS (double crescent)
Date: 321-329 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "C3"
Sweden: Gustav Vasa, issued c. 176056 viewsGustav Vasa, King of Sweden, 1523 - 1560 A.D. Silver medal, EF, holed, 14.081g, 33.7mm, 0o, c. 1760; obverse GVSTAVUS.I D.G.REX.SVECIAE., elaborate bust right; reverse 44 F ERICI DE WASA EQ AVR NAT 1490 E 1523.C.1528 QVIES AFFLICTAE PATRIAE REDDITA PVRIOR DEI OPT MAX, CVLTVS STABILITVS. CORONA HAEREDIT. FACTA 1544. M.1560. This medal is probably from a set of silver medals honoring monarchs issued c. 1760. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
54-Hadrian Hemidrachm.JPG
Hadrian Hemidrachm.JPG56 viewsSilver Hemidrachm, 117-138 AD
Caesaria- Cappadocia
Obverse: AYTO KAIC TPAI ADPIANOC CEBACT, Laureate head right.
Reverse: ETD, Nike advancing right with wreath.
Sear 1056, Sydenham 255
14mm , 1.3gm
2 commentsJerome Holderman
351-353 AD., Decentius, Arelate mint, Æ2, RIC 168.56 viewsDecentius, Arelate mint (Arles), officina 2, 351-353 AD.,
Ć2 (22-24 mm / 4,60 g),
Obv.: D N DECENTI - VS CAESAR , bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Decentius right, A behind bust .
Rev.: VICTORIAE D D N N AV[G ET CAE]S / F S AR , two Victories standing facing each other, together holding wreath containing VOT / V / MVL / X .
RIC VIII, 216, 168 .

my ancient coin database
3 commentsArminius
Constans56 viewsConstans AE Centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot BSIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 254, rated C2 (lol). 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)56 viewsO: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
R: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left.
RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87 SRCV III 8937

Very Heavy!
5 commentsMat
CAMPGATE, Constantine II, Siscia56 viewsAttribution: RIC 216 (RIC VII)

Mint: Siscia, ESIS double crescent

Date: 328-329 AD

Laureate head right

Campgate with seven rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top row arches and dots in blocks, bottom row empty blocks ESIS double crescent in exergue

Size: 18.08mm

Weight: 3.49 grams
3 commentsAnemicOak
IONIA, MILETOS, Late 6th-early 5th century BC56 viewsObol – Hemihekte (8mm, 1.15 g)

O - Forepart of lion right, roaring head reverted left
R - Stellate pattern in incuse square.

SNG Kayhan 476-82; SNG Copenhagen 944-53.
2 commentsrobertpe
Nerva Denarius - Priestly Implements (RIC 24)56 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 97 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Nerva (R)

Rev: PRIESTLY IMPLEMENTS, Ladle, Sprinkler, Jug and Lituus;

RIC II 24 RSC 48
5 commentsKained but Able
zoo56 viewsNervousRex
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

Size: 29 / 30 mm
Weight: 11.02 grams
100% photo size
4 commentsrexesq
AE-Bug's #256 viewsAE-Bug's #2
Justinien le Grand,AE follis, Nikomedia,Superbe56 viewsJustinien le Grand, follis AE. Monnaie Nikomedia,
Obv. DN IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG En face , buste cuirassé, traverser ŕ droite, tenant globe avec la croix.
Rev. Grand M, ANNO gauche, ŕ droite l'année du rčgne, + ci-dessus, B ci-dessous, NIKO
35,5mm., 19,49g. patine vert fonsé, Superbe

2 commentsAntonivs Protti
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm56 viewsMagnesia mint (319-305 BC).
Price 1980
1 commentsMinos
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm56 viewsLampsakos mint (310-301 BC).
Price 1406
Alexander III - AR drachm56 viewsKolophon
323-319 BC
head of young Heracles in lionskin right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right
Price 1750 (var.)
3,86 g 17,5-16,5 mm
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Troas, Alexandreia, Elagabal, Bellinger A316 (rev. only)56 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE - AE 24, 8.01g, 24.10mm, 150°
Bust, unbearded, draped and cuirassed, seen from front, laureate, r.; Gorgoneion on breast plate
rev. COL AVG T / [R]O ALEX
Roman she-wolf stg. r., head l., suckling the twins Remus and Romulus
ref. not in Bellinger:
rev. A316, Type 56 (depiction)
A317 var. (legend, has COL AVG - TROAD CEX)
obv. not listed:
about VF

Coins for Elagabal from Alexandreia seem to be rare at all. Bellinger: Coins of Elagabal are difficult to differentiate from those of Caracalla. The Copenhagen Sylloge attributes to him a considerable number of coins, 147-156. We have seen reason to transfer most of these to Caracalla, but there remains a group which must belong to the younger emperor: those with a youthful portrait and the reverse inscription COL ALEX AVG, which cannot be dated before 214.
My coin shows the typical portrait of Elagabal with his sensual lips. It is remarkable that in 3 cases (of 4) the reverse inscription is faulty. ...and CEX of A314 is presumably the garbled abbreviation of ALEX. My coin shows a clear LEX!
BYZANTINE, Anastasius I 491-518 AC.56 viewsAE Follis of Anastasius I 491-518 AC.

Weight: 15.6gr
Ř:35 mm

Obv: ANASTASIVS PP AVG - Anastasius right

Rev: M in center, Cross above, star to either side of M.

Minted in Constantinople between 512-518AC.

Condition: gF/gF

Ref: Sear 16 - Berk 5

Jorge C
Roman Empire, Anastasius, Tremissis 491 - 518 A.D. Constantinople mint. 56 viewsAnastasius. 491 – 518 A.D. Constantinople mint. Gold tremissis, 1.454g, 14.6mm, 180o, light graffiti, EF. Obv: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ANASTA-SIVS P P AVG. Rev: Victory advancing right, head left, wreath in right, globus cruciger in left, star right, VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM. CONOB in ex. Ref: SBCV 8, DOC I 10, BMC 10 – 15. 1 commentsBard Gram O
Selecus I Nikator AR tetradrachm 56 viewsAncient Greek / Seleucid Kingdom / Selecus I Nikator / in the name of Alexander the Great / AR tetradrachm

Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's headdress. 
Reverse:  Zeus seated right, anchor , A to right , M under throne.  
Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint. 311 - 300 B.C.
Weight 16.87 grams,  Max. Dia., 28 mm.
Price 3359, SC 94.6b.

Posthumous issue struck circa 311-300 B.C. under Selecus I, (312-281) BC

From the Sam Mansourati Collection.
004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #0256 views004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #02
avers:- + REX•ANDREAS in double circle; cross in circle with circle in the centre, (hands of three lines?); border of dots with three lines at each quarter.
revers:- + PANONEIA, Cross in circle with circle in the centre and wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,64 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-005, CHN-1-012, Huszar-009,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica56 viewsObv: St. Demetrius (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Crowned by Christ/Virgin, Star Above, Backward "B" Below
Sear 2360
1 commentsLaetvs
Roman, Annia Faustina, AE19, Sidon56 viewsRoman, Annia Faustina --AE19, Sidon. R: Askliepos L w/serpent staff and wand. NISC. 1 commentsfeatherz
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD56 viewsAnonymous
AE 4 13mm
Constantinople, 330 AD
laureate and draped bust left, cornucopia on shoulder
bridge over river
2 commentsArdatirion
Antiochus I (Soter) * Apollo, 280-261 BC56 views
Antiochus I * Apollo,* 280-261 BC
Ć hemidrachm (?)

Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus right
Rev: Apollo seated on omphalos (Delphi), holding arrow in right hand, leaning on strung bow with his left hand, left-facing.
BASILEOS to the right, [A]NTIOXOY to the left. Monograms to left and right, omitted by strike from the right, effaced by wear from the left.

Weight: ca. 4.0 grams
Die axis: 190 degs.

Patina: Quite lovely 'desert-patina.'

Sear, GCATV * (SG) Number 6866v (This example appears to be bronze, not silver: I have been unable to date to find any reference to an Ć variant of SG #6866).
BMC, 4.9, 10

This coin bears portrait of the middle-aged Antiochus I 'Soter,' from the time of his sole reign (280-261 BC.), following the death of his father, Seleukos I.
The reverse depicts Delphian Apollo holding a single arrow, as opposed to the two arrows as seen on the coins dating from his joint-reign with his father.

* Olympian

Antoninus Pius, RIC 677, As of AD 140-144 (Bonus Eventus) 56 viewsĆ As (11.42g, Ř28mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: BONO EVENTI (around), S C (in field), Bonus Eventus, naked, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding a cornucopiae.
RIC 677; Cohen 107; Strack 824
ex Artcoins Roma auct.5
Charles S
Antoninus Pius Securitas56 viewsAE Sestertius of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), struck AD 140-144, very thick heavy coin at 4mm thick.
REV: COS IIII SC, Securitas seated left holding sceptre and propping head on left hand
RIC 764, Cohen 298, 31.11mm, 25.1g
Antoninus Pius Temple of Perga56 viewsANTONINUS PIUS, 138 - 161 AD, AE32, Perga, Pamphylia, 24.4g,
OBV: KAI ADRIA ANTWNEINOS, Laureate head right.
REV: ARTEMODOS PERGAIAS, Distyle temple, with fluted Ionic columns, with eagle in pediment,
containing simulacrum of Pergean Artemis; on either side of which, sphinx on pedestal.
Not in BMC, nor von Aulock.
SNG FRANCE 3, 0406(1) / COLL PARIS 317A(1)

Extremely Rare
5 commentsRomanorvm
Mark Antony & Octavian AR Denarius56 viewsWhat can I say? I'm a sucker for iridescent toning.

Mark Antony & Octavian AR Denarius. Ephesus mint, 41 BC. M. Barbatius Pollio, moneyer. M ANT. IMP AVG III VIR. R. PC. M. BARBAT Q P, bare head of Antony right / CAESAR. IMP. PONT. III. VIR. R. P. C., bare head of Octavian right, in slight beard. Cr517/2.

Ex. Kunker 2007
2 commentsTrajan
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)56 viewsĆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ř 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETAS (in ex.) S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 612; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1950; Strack (Hadrian) 907 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 279 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203 var.
ex G.Henzen (Netherlands, 2010)

Numismatic note: Rare. Strack found this type in 4 collections (of the 30 studied): Berlin, B.M., Paris, and Naples.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
8. Janus, first king of Italy, and inventor of civilisation56 viewsSestertius minted AD 140, Rome. 24.70g, Ř 32mm, 12h. RIC 644, Cohen 881, Foss 55
Obv.: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS PP, laurate head right.
Rev.: TR POT COS III round edge SC in field, Janus standing facing, holding sceptre.
ex CNG eAuction 233 lot 335 (June 2010); ex the John Bitner Collection of Secular Games Coinage; ex Astarte XV (27 November 2004), lot 234.

Sestertius issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, celebrated on 21 April 147.
Janus was believed to be first king of Italy, serving as both leader and teacher to all within his lands. In honor of his deeds, he was elevated to the status of a deity by the Romans, with Romulus himself, one of the mythical founders of Rome, building and dedicating the Temple of Janus.
2 commentsCharles S
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 158-159 AD56 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP (laureate head right)
rev: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST COS IIII (octastyle temple [8 columns] in which the statues of Augustus and Livia reside)
ref: RIC III 143D (R), Cohen 809 (8frcs)
3.01 gms, 18mm,

History: The Temple of Divus Augustus was built between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, behind the Basilica Julia. It is known from Roman coinage that the temple was originally built to an Ionic hexastyle design (see my Caligula sestertius). During the reign of Domitian the Temple of Divus Augustus was destroyed by fire but was rebuilt and rededicated in 89/90 with a shrine to his favourite deity, Minerva. The temple was redesigned as a memorial to four deified emperors, including Vespasian and Titus.
It was restored again in the late 150s by Antoninus Pius, who was perhaps motivated by a desire to be publicly associated with the first emperor. The exact date of the restoration is not known, but the restored temple was an octostyle design with Corinthian capitals and two statues - presumably of Augustus and Livia - in the cella. The pediment displayed a relief featuring Augustus and was topped by a quadriga. Two figures stood on the eaves of the roof, that on the left representing Romulus and the one on the right depicting Aeneas leading his family out of Troy, alluding to Rome's origin-myth. The steps of the temple were flanked by two statues of Victory.
1 commentsberserker
Anubis56 viewsEgyptian Faience
late or ptolemaic period
H: 3 cm
1 commentsfrederic
Tyche, Ram56 viewsSyria, Antiochia ad Orontem
55-56 AD
Ae 15mm; 3.09g

turreted and veiled bust of Tyche left

Ram leaping right, looking back, star and crescent above
ETOY DIP below

SNG Cop 126
1 commentsRobin Ayers
AS Augusto RIC 439.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 56 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
Roman Empire, Philip II, AE As, Rome mint, struck 244-247 AD56 viewsM IVL PHILIPPVS CAES bare-headed draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C Philip II. standing left
RIC 256b; Cohen 50
Augustus denarius - Gaius and Lucius 56 viewsEmperor Augustus
Mint Lugdunum
size (mm) 17
Weight (g) 3.83
Die Axis 170
Tariff 1 denarius
Ob. Desc. Laureate head right
Rev. Desc. Gaius and Lucius caesar on l. anbd r. standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield a spear and on l. simpulum r and on r. lituus l.
1 commentsBacchus
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 428, Rome, AE-As, (moneyer P Lurius Agrippa), P LVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR •A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C, #156 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 428, Rome, AE-As, (moneyer P Lurius Agrippa), P LVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR •A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C, #1
revers:- P-LVRIVS-AGRIPPA-IIIVIR•A•A•A•F•F•, around large S•C.
exe: S•C//--, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 8,42g, axis:5h,
mint: Rome, date: 7 B.C., ref: RIC-I-428, C-446, BMC-244,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aureolus (267-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 372, Mediolanum, CONCORDIA EQVIT, Fortuna standing left,56 views098a Aureolus (267-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 372, Mediolanum, CONCORDIA EQVIT, Fortuna standing left,
avers:- (IMP-C-)POSTVMVS-AVG, In the name of Postumus. Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right. Attributed by Alföldi to Aureolus.
revers:- CONCORDIA-EQVIT, Fortuna standing left, foot on prow, holding patera and rudder.
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 18,5-19,5 mm, weight: 2,20g, axes:11h,
mint: Mediolanum, date: 267-268 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372-p-, RSC-20a,
German States Baden. Copper kreuzer 1871.56 viewsGerman States Baden. Copper kreuzer 1871. Two griffons holding crowned arms / Star over FRIEDENS FEIR, legend around - ZU DES DEUTSCHES REICHES. Commemorating Victory over France.

KM 252
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0156 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #01
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0256 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #02
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10 mm, weight: 0,25 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-247, #0156 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-247, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
revers: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-247_CNH-1-345_Huszar-337,
B2. Terina, Bruttium (Italia)56 viewsAe18, 4.1 gm, 16.8 mm, 350-275BC, Sear (GC) 697
Obv: Anepigraphic with female head, left, wearing earring and necklace, hair rolled.
Crab with claws extended, crescent above and legend below.
H2. Athens, Attica56 viewsTetradrachm, 16.8 gm, 20.5 mm, 325-275 BC, Sear (GC) 2547.
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Athena, right, (wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll).
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing, ΑΘΕ to right; olive twig and crescent moon to left; all within incuse square.
Comment: Careless and mis-shapen flans are common to this period.
1 commentsMassanutten
M5. C Claudius Pulcher, Denarius, 110-109 BC56 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Helmeted head of Roma
Victory in biga, right.
3.3 gm, 19 mm, Mint: Rome, S 177, RSC 1.
Comment: Gens Claudia. Reverse refers to an ancestor's B.C. 177 victory over the Ligurian and Istrian tribes in southern Gaul.
Piece of Brick found in Pompeii56 viewsI found this on the ground while on the tour in Pompeii.
A good number of the buildings there were built using these long thin bricks.
Mark Z
caes sever.jpg
Severus Alexander 222-23556 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-235 A.D.
Obv: bust r.
eagle displayed, supporting wreath enclosing the letters SPQR
Caligula AE15, Tomis, Thrace.56 viewsΓAIOC KAICAP, laureate head right

TOM - HΓH - TOPI - ΔOY, winged caduceus

AMNG 2579 .

Located in modern day Romania on the coast of the Black Sea Tomis ( Constanţa), was founded by Greek traders around the 6th century BC.
It is the town celebrated by Ovid in his poems after his exile there in 8 AD by Augustus.
The town was later renmaed Constantiana after the half sister of Constantine the Great, Constantia. This is the modern name of the town.
Kos, Islands off Caria56 views337 – 330 B.C.
Bronze Ć 16
2.71 gm, 15-16.5 mm
Obv.: Head of young Herakles right,
wearing lion's skin
Rev.: Crab, KΩI(?)
BMC Caria p.203, 102 var.;
HGC 6, 1336
4 commentsJaimelai
Temple of Diana56 viewsCaracalla --AE32, Augusta Trajana. R: Temple of Diana, tree on each side. cf. SNG Evelpedis 1037 3 commentsfeatherz
caracalla as-.jpg
rev:PM.TRP.XVIII.COS.IIII.PP / S.C. (Aesculapius standing, facing; small figure of Telesphorus at his side)
ref: RIC554b, C.310
mint: Rome, 10.80g, Scarce
History: Caracalla became quite ill in 214 AD, and in the autumn of this year he visited the shrine of Aesculapius at Pergamun. Telesophorus was a small boy who accompanied Aesculapius, and he became the symbol of success in the practice of medicine.
1 commentsberserker
Caracalla, Carrhae, Tyche, AE1556 viewsAE15, 2.3g
obv: []ANTONINVS PF(?) IMP CAES; laureate head right
rev: LI(?) ANTONINIAN COL []; turreted head of Tyche right
Caracalla RIC 21656 viewsCaracalla Denarius, 210-213
Head, laureate, r.
Liberalitas standing l., holding abacus and cornucopiae
3.42g, 19mm
1 commentsklausklage
Titus Carisius 56 viewsObv: Winged bust of Victory facing right, SC behind head.

Rev: Victory holding a laurel wreath and driving a quadriga right, T CARISI in exergue.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 46 BC

3.7 grams, 17.1 x 18.5 mm, 0°

RSC Carisia 3, S450
1 commentsSPQR Coins
C. Cato 123 BC.56 viewsC. Cato. 123 BC, silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted Roma right, X behind.
Reverse- Victory driving biga right, C. Cato, Roma in exergue.
Crawford 274/1.
Wu San Kuei - died 1678 - Ming: Rebel Prince56 viewsOb. Chao-wu t'ung-pao
Rev. yi fen
Ref. Schjoch 1347, Mitchiner 3709
Seal writing
Year 1678

Claudius sestercius56 viewsMint:Roma
41/ 42AD
Dimensions 35mm/26.7grms état de conservation:TTB/TB+
“Tiberius Claudius Cćsar Augustus Pontifex Maximus Tribunicia Potestas Imperator
Reverse : SPES AVGVSTA// S.C.
“Spes Augusta”
Réf:C.85 (4f.) - RIC.99 - BMC/RE.192 - BN/R.165 - RCV.1853

moneta romana
Claudius II Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 77856 viewsAE 20-21 mm 3.5 grams
OBV :: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head right
REV :: CONSECRATIO. High altar with Garland in front, flames at top
EX :: none
Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 778
from uncleaned lot 08/2008
048 Clodius Albinus (193-196 A.D. Caesar, 195-196 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 011a, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left, Rare!,56 views048 Clodius Albinus (193-196 A.D. Caesar, 195-196 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 011a, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left, Rare!,
avers:- D-CL-SEPT-AL-BIN-CAES, Bare head right.
revers:- ROMAE-AE-T-ERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 5 h ,
mint: Rome, date: 193 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-11a, p-45, C-61, S-,
Tarkumuwa stater (or cilician siglos)56 viewsCILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.40 g, 12h). Struck circa 370 BC.
O: Baaltars seated right, head and torso facing, holding eagle-tipped scepter, grain ear and grape-bunch; thymiaterion to right; under throne, eagle standing right; all within crenelated wall /
R: Ana, standing right, facing Datames, standing left; thymiaterion between; all within dotted square border in linear border. Casabonne type 3; Moysey issue 5; SNG France 298. EF, small area of roughness on reverse. Rare issue with eagle under throne.

Provenance: CNG
3 commentsCaffaro
coins1 225.jpg
gallienus, ABVNDANTIA AVG56 viewsGallienus, 260-268 A.D., Rome(?).
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
REV: ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundantia standing right emptying cornucopia. B in left field.
Parion, Gorgon/Bull56 viewsParion, 350-300 BC
Silver hemidrachm; 2.32g; 12-13mm

O: Gorgoneion facing
R: Bull standing left, looking back
Crispus, Treveri Altar56 viewsO:IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Altar reading, VO/TIS/XX, 3 Stars above
E: STR(pellet)
3.79g, 18-19mm
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 56 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuńada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
Con2 2.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 67, Heraclea56 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Bust: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Campgate, no door, 3 turrets, star above. 6 layers.
Exe: (dot) SMHA (dot)
Date: 317-329 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "R4"
1 commentsBluefish
Con2 34.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 220, Siscia56 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Bust: Laureate, cuirassed bust right
2 soldiers standing to either side of two standards.
Exe: epsilon SIS
Date: 330-340 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "C3"
cons gallus com.JPG
constantius Gallus56 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.8 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C. Bare headed , draped and cuirassed bust right ..A behind head
REV :: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO. Emperor spearing fallen horseman.. I in left field
EX :: ( unknown ) but due to the letters A behind bust and I in left field, this coin is attributable to Siscia
RIC VII Siscia 347
Ric Rated C2
from uncleaned lot 10/2006
Const1 65.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VIII 37, Antioch (posthumous)56 viewsObv: DIV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG
Bust: Veiled bust right
Rev: Emperor in quadriga reaching for the hand of God.
Exe: SMANS, star above
Date: 337-340 AD
Denom: Ae4
Rated "C3"
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio 1C.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio56 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right


D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again. Soldier spearing fallen horseman

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: CONS Γ, Constantinopolis, Γ 3.rd Officina (Perhaps the last letter could be a Gamma), RIC VIII, Thessalonica 192; LRBC 1683; struck 25. Dec. 350-6. Nov. 355; Scarce
The reverse type is F3 stretching.
John Schou
147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #156 views147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Constantius II RIC VIII, Alexandria 5856 viewsConstantius II 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 3, 4.68g, 21mm
Alexandria 2. officina, 348 - 350
draped bust, pearl-diademed head l., holding globe with r.
helmeted soldier walking r., head l., holding reversed spear l. and
leading young barbarian out of his hut, tree behind
exergue: ALEB
RIC VIII, Alexandria 58; C.53
VF, sandpatina
added to

This issue celebrates the fact that AD 342 under Constans the Franks were taken over the Rhine and settled in Taxandria (Belgium).
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius56 viewsSilver denarius, 19-20mm, January - April 85 A.D., RIC 57, Carradice 85.1, BMC 75, RSC 368, Ex. Flan
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Eagle standing on thunderbolt
Reverse - LAETITIA S-C, Laetitia facing left, wreath in right hand and rudder set on globe in left hand. Cohen 27
30mm max. dia.
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Treveri, RIC VII 372, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #156 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Treveri, RIC VII 372, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #1
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm. The sash visible on the bust.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197,
Siscia, RIC VII 113, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!56 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 113, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/BSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p-438,
Domitian RIC 4456 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 44 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Altar, garlanded and lighted

An extremely rare and early denarius of Domitian. This coin was minted before Domitian became Pontifex Maximus, as shown by the obverse legend which only shows him as PONT. Presumably the official ceremonies for this elevation had not been completed when the coin was struck. Domitian, always a stickler for the correct procedures, probably insisted the correct form of his titles be struck. This coin also indicates how quickly new coins were struck for Domitian after he became emperor. Also, notice the nice mention of Vespasian in the obverse legend - DIVI VESP F, "Son of the Divine Vespasian".

The style is very typical of the early denarii of Domitian before his coinage reform the following year. Notice the veristic style with the hook nose. Later his portraits became more idealized.

Not listed in the BM nor Cohen. The new RIC cites examples at the Ashmolean and a private sale.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-72856 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 728 (C3), BMC 187, RSC 273
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)

The first issue of denarii in 92 was quite massive and certainly one of the largest of the reign. Domitian's military campaigns against the Suebi and Sarmatians during this time period may account in part for the heightened mint activity.

Competent craftsmanship which produced a neat and fine portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-730a56 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 730a (C3), BMC 189, RSC 274
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)

The first issue of 92, of which this coin is from, was large indeed, certainly one of the largest of the reign. Ian Carradice conducted a die study of this issue and determined the mint was divided into officina based on the separate Minerva reverse types, much like it had been in 81-82, after an apparent hiatus.

Historical note: Domitian was campaigning against the Suebi and Sarmatians during 92, perhaps accounting for such a large issue.

A very common coin in uncommonly good style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Denario COMODO RIC 212.jpg
37-05 - COMODO (177 - 192 D.C.)56 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "M COM[M ANT P] FEL AVG BRIT P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI" - Emperador vistiendo toga, sentado a izquierda en silla curvada (trono), portando una rama de olivo en mano derecha extendida y cetro corto en brazo izquierdo.

Acuńada 190 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #212 Pag.389 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #5683 Pag.390 - BMCRE #281 - Cohen Vol.III #555 bis Pag.304 - RSC Vol. II #555 bis Pag.245 - MIR Vol.18 #791
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario GALBA RIC 167.jpg
15-01 - GALBA (2/04/68 - 15/01/69 D.C.)56 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "[IMP S]ER - GALBA [AVG]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPQR / OB / C S" - Leyenda en tres líneas dentro de una corona de hojas de roble.

Acuńada Set./Dic. 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #167 Pag.241 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2093 var Pag.407 - BMCRE #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #287 var Pag.338 - DVM #28 Pag.93 - CBN #76 - Hunter #5 - RSC Vol. II #287 Pag.22
1 commentsmdelvalle
04-10 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)56 viewsAnv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuńada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2556 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
Diocletian, RIC 13, Heraclea56 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Bust: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Jupiter, standing left and leaning on scepter,
presents Victory on globe to emperor.
Exe: HB (Heraclea)
Date: 292-296 AD
RIC 13
Denom: Antoninianus
Islamic coins, anonymus Umayad dirham (under caliph Hisham 724-743 AD)56 viewsObv: In centre: 'There is no God except Allah. He is alone, He has no partner', in three lines. Around: 'In the name of Allah this Dirham was struck in Wasit in the year twelve and one hundred'.
Rev: In centre: 'He has no equal, God is one God / the eternal and indivisible, who has not begotten and / has not been begotten and never is there / His equal', in four lines. Around: 'Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions, even if the polytheists abhor it'.
Minted in Wasit 112 AH or 730 AD.

The obverse centre inscription is the Muslim declaration of faith. The reverse inscriptions is quotations from the koran, sura 112 in centre and sura 9 verse 33 around (if I got the information right).
Phrygia, Docimeium. Gordian III AE30. Athena Alkidemos. 56 viewsObv: M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ, draped laureate right.
Rev: ΔOKIMEΩN MAKEΔONΩN, Athena Alkidemos.
RPC 744

also: Dokimeum, Docimeion, Docimeium, Dokimaion, and Dokimion.
2 commentsancientone
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V1447 Overstrike56 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 71 A.D. (2.59g, 20.6m, 7h). Obv: DOMITIAN[VS CAES]AR AVG F, bare bust right, draped and cuirassed with aegis. Rev: PACI AVGUSTAE, Victory adv. R. with wreath and palm, lower r. [EPE]. RIC V1447. Overstruck on RIC II V1433.

Overstrike on identifiable under type of Vespasian RIC II 1433. Obv: IMP CAESAR VEPAS AVG COS III TR PPP, laureate head r. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE, Victory adv. L. with wreath and palm, lower l. EPE. Unusual to have an overstrike of an emperor still in life, and of a coin as a part of the same series at the same mint.

3 commentsLucas H
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian as Caesar RIC 108456 viewsDomitian, denarius.
Rome Mint, 79 AD.
RIC 1084, RSC 384.
19mm, 3.13g.
Obv. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right.
Rev. PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Salus standing right, leaning on column and feeding serpent with patera in hand.
Domitian (as Caesar), 69 - 81 AD56 viewsObv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head of Domitian facing right.

Rev: TRP VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII PP, radiate statue atop a rostral column.

Plated Denarius, Type of Rome mint, c. 80 - 81 AD

3 grams, 19.5 mm, 180°

By looking at this coin accuracy wasn't important to ancient counterfeiters. The obverse is a Domitian as Caesar whereas the reverse is taken from a coin of his brother Titus as Augustus.

A similar hybrid is listed in Roman Silver Coins as Domitian 590b with slightly different inscriptions.
SPQR Coins
CN Domitius Denarius 128bc56 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 137, Crawford 261/1, Sydenham 514, RSC I Domitia 14, VF, Rome mint, 128 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, stalk of grain behind, X (XVI in monogram) below chin; reverse ROMA, Victory in a biga right, man with spear fighting lion below, CN DOM in exergue.2 commentsAdrian S
Domitian RIC II Rome 4956 viewsAR 18 mm 3.1 grams 80 AD
REV ::PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Cretan goat standing left in laurel wreath.
ex :: none
REF :: RIC II Rome 49, RSC 390, BMC 88
Purchased 12/09

Minted while Domitian was Caesar under Titus
3 commentsJohnny
Mini 14 - Ruger Ranch Rifle .223 Rem56 viewsSturm Ruger Mini-14 Rifle.
Short Barrel Mini 14 w/ Muzzle Brake & Polymer Stock
Caliber: .223 Rem
In this photo, the bolt is closed, and there is a 30 round magazine in the rifle.
Smith and Wesson - Model 669 56 viewsSmith and Wesson Model 669 Automatic Pistol.

Caliber: 9 mm
Magazine Capacity: 12 rounds in the Magazine.
View of right side.
Magazine in, safety off/hammer cocked back.
Egnatius Maxsumus - 76 B.C (FORVM -E)56 viewsEgnatius Maxsumus - 76 B.C

AR 17,62mm (Thickness 1,68mm), weight 3,83g.

Obverse: Diademed bust of Liberty, Liberty cap behind.

Reverse: Roma and Venus standing facing, Venus caressed by Cupid, oar and prow on either side.
2 commentsMartin R
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 137, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus 1, 56 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 137, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus 1,
avers:- IMP-CAES-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SALVS-ANTONINI-AVG, Salus standing right, feeding snake in arms, snake head right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,18g, axis: - h,
mint: Rome, date: 219 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-137, p-37,
1 commentsquadrans
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 070, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides seated left, Scarce!,56 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 070, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides seated left, Scarce!,
avers:- IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- FIDE-S-EXER-CITVS, Fides seated left, holding eagle and standard; standard to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight:4,31g, axis:- h,
mint: Roma, date: 218 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-70, p-33, C-31,
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 138, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus 2,56 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 138, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus 2,
avers:- IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SALVS-ANTONINI-AVG, Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 4,66g, axis: - h,
mint: Rome, date: 219 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-138,
1953. Elizabeth II Coronation Medal.56 viewsObv. Crowned bust right.
Rev. Boat scene.
Ephesos, Ionia, 202BC-133BC56 viewsAE17, die axis 0 degrees
Ephesos mint
SNG Cop 301
4 commentsPaul D3
FA027104-0201101-I464. Constantine I AE Follis. Aquilea Mint. Marti Conservatori.56 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, head right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: AQP
21.6mm; 4.0g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 139; R.
FA027139-0100110-I444. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.56 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars left, carrying spear and shield.
Mint marks:
24.0mm; 2.7g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
Unlisted in RIC.
faustinaI sest.jpg
138-161 AD - FAVSTINA Senior AE sestertius - struck after 141 AD56 viewsbv: DIVA FAVSTINA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: - / S.C. (Vesta standing left, holding long torch & palladium {Pallas statue})
ref: RIC III 1151(AntPius) (S), C.268 (6fr.)
23.51gms, 30mm,

I think it's a rare piece.
2 commentsberserker
Faustina II (c. 130-176 AD) - AE As - Rome56 viewsRoman empress, wife of the emperor Marcus Aurelius

Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right
Rev: AVGVS-TI PII FIL / S.C. - Venus standing left, holding Victory and leaning on shield, set on helmet

Minted in Rome (145-146 AD)
References: RIC III Antoninus Pius, 1389a (C)
Weight: 10.29 g
Dimensions: 25 mm
1 commentskrazy
Tapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036, 56 viewsTapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036,
The flat bow decorated by zigzag (sinusoid).
size: 55x24x22mm,
weight: 9,20g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic T-I/5var,
Roman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Elliptical-Shape Fibula #049,56 viewsRoman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Elliptical-Shape Fibula #049,
size: 37x25mm,
weight: 9,59g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Zoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #15956 viewsZoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #159
size: 22x18mm,
weight: 3,25g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: Typology: Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var.,
distribution: ???,
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #156 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.56 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families Used by permission.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.

Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Gallienus AD 26556 viewsRadiate lion with bull's head. Unlisted variant of RIC V-1 sole reign 602. Billion.1 commentsGhengis_Jon
GI 070a img.jpg
Diadumenian AE2756 viewsObv:– K-M OΠΕΛΛΙ ANTWNI DIADOMENIANOC, Draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– V P AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PPO C I C TROΣ, Nike advancing right with palm and wreath
Minted in Nicopolis ad Istrum, Magistrate Agrippa
References:– SNGC unlisted, Moushmov 1312
2 commentsmaridvnvm
GIII Ric 84.jpg
RIC-084 Gordian III IOVI STATORI56 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
IOVI STATORI - Jupiter standing front, head right, holding thunderbolts and scepter
RIC-84, Cohen-109

Very nice obverse, slightly weak reverse, excellent coin overall
Ric-144 Gordian III Fortuna56 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
FORTVNA REDVX - Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair.

Rome mint: AD 243 (12th Issue, 2nd Officina)
Ric-144 Cohen-98
242 AD - Gordian III - 238-244 AD - Fortuna - Antioch56 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Radiate, draped and curraissed bust right
FORTVNAREDVX - Fortuna seated left, holding cornucopia and rudder

Antioch mint, 242-244 AD, Ric 210, Cohen 98
RIC-093 Gordian III - Gordian in Military attire56 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
P M TR P V COS II P P - Gordian in military dress, standing right, hoilding globe and transverse scepter
RIC-93, Cohen-253

nicely centered, full flan, Silver slightly porous. Nice style for this type. AD 241-3 (4th issue,)
Macedonian Kingdom56 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mřrkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
Gratian AR Light Miliarense56 viewsGratian AR Light Miliarense. Treveri mint. 376 AD. DN GRATIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS EXERCITVS, Emperor standing facing, head turned left, holding vexillum in right hand and resting left on shield. RIC 42b.


Ex. Numismatic Fine Arts, Inc., Beverly Hills XXVII (New York 1991), 208
Ex. AUCTIONES SA, Basel Sale 23 (1993), 624.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
3 commentsTrajan
Hadrian Denarius Concordia.jpg
Hadrian, AR denarius56 viewsConcordia reverse. Interesting portrait of Hadrian with full bust.Optimus
Laureate head of Hadrian right

Fortuna stg left holding rudder set on globe and cornucopiae

Rome 134 AD


Sear 3494
RIC 244
Jay GT4
Hadrian Denarius56 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian Denarius Felicitas56 viewsObv.
Laureate heroic bust right

FEL-AVG across field
Felicitas standing left with caduceus & cornucopia

Minted 118 A.D.
2 commentsancientdave
BCC m556 viewsRoman Provincial
Hadrian? 117-138 CE
Obv:Imperial bust rt. with radiate crown.
(Radiate crown is rare for Hadrian but not unknown)
Rev:Griffin to right rolling wheel of fate.
AE 12x13mm. approx.1.25g Axis:270
Similar to, but slightly larger than, Hamburger#108
Atiqot vol. 1 (1954) "Minute Coins From Caesarea"
Hadrian "Quadrans" Modius56 viewsObv.

Radiate Head Right


Modius with 6 ears of grain

Rare. RIC 700
3 commentsancientdave
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD56 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
Sear 882 - Follis - ca. 620 AD - Sicily mint56 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: ca. 620 AD
Condition: EF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: Countermark
To left, bust of Heraclius facing, with short beard, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross; to right, ; the whole on a circular punch stamped on the head of an earlier emperor ((]NVSPPA[ (Justin I and/or Justinian I)).

Reverse: , within a circular countermark. Struck on exergue of an earlier type.

Sicily mint
DO 241; Sear 882
15.94g; 31.5mm; 210°
2 commentsPep
Heraclius /heraclius constantine56 viewsByzantine Follis: AE 29-33mm weight 9.5 regnal year III, y. 612-613 AD

OBV :, LEFT Heraclius, right, Heraclius Constantine, both standing. Each wears chlamys and crown with cross, and holds globus cruciger in right hand. cross between them

REV: Large M between ANNO on left and regnal year 3 on right chi rho Christogram above, under the M and above Exergue.

Sears 805 (NON cupped )

Exergue: CON ( constantinople )

from uncleaned lot 03/2007

this coin is still a mystery, it is an overstrike of an earlier coin, the weight posted was wrong, after getting a digital scale, the actual weight is 9.5 grams

BUT why is it cupped shaped ? trachys shaped like this did not come into existence for another few hundred years. It does not show sign of fire damage or warping,

it could have been bent by a smaller die, however, there are no bends where the edge of the die would have struck the flan.


here is a link to the discussion on this coin

Herennia Etruscilla antoninianus. 56 viewsReverse shows Pudicitia standing left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face; reverse legend is PVDICITIA AVG.RIC 58b
Herennia Etruscilla AR Antoninianus. HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent / PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face. RSC 17, RIC 58b. sear5 #9494 _5000
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
036 - Herenia Etruscilla (wife of Trajan Decius 249-251 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 58b56 viewsObv: HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right, on crescent.
Rev: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia veiled, standing left, drawing veil from head and holding scepter.
Minted in Rome 149-51 AD.
2 commentspierre_p77
Honorius (RIC X 153)56 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Ć (13 mm, 2.22 g), minted in Antioch 406-408. Obverse: DN HONORIVS PF AVG. Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II holding spears and shields; ANTA or ANT delta in exergue. RIC IX Antioch 153, C.
Jan (jbc)
Huszár 465, Pohl 22, Unger 369, RĂ©thy II 1356 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 14 mm.

Obv: King’s half length portrait, facing, between R—K.

Rev: + MOnET[A REI]S KARVLI, Eagle with outstretched wings facing right.

Issued in 1327 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. The reverse legend, as described and depicted in Huszár and Pohl, differs slightly from the description and depictions in Unger and Réthy. The legend on this coin appears to comport with Unger and Réthy.

This emission was referred to in contemporary sources as a denarius cum Aquila.
Huszár 481, Pohl 38, Unger 379, RĂ©thy II 2056 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR parvus, 13 mm.

Obv: Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb.

Rev: + KAROLVS RE[X hVN]GARIE, Shield with Anjevin lilies and Árpádian stripes, small circle (privy mark) to left.

Issued in 1333 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) in Lippa (now, Lipova, Romania) (per Pohl) with a nominal weight of 0.509 g. (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Huszár 807, Pohl 242-3, Unger 641c, Réthy II 272B, Kaplan Subtype C56 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15-15.5 mm.

Obv: * WLADISLAI * VNGARI •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle with outstretched wings in center, rosettes above and to sides of shield.

Rev: PATRON * R VNGAR •, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, n-A (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1498-1503 (per Unger) or 1500-1502, except for this privy (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) in 1505 Ambrosius Literatus, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. This is a rare privy mark. According to Huszár and Pohl, there are one to three stars on the coins bearing this mark, on the obverse above and to the sides of the shield. The style of the Madonna’s robe and crown do not fit within Kaplan Subtypes A and B, and are assigned to a catch-all Subtype C.
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-3, Unger 646b, RĂ©thy II 278A, dated 1508 56 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARI * 1508 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–H (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger) or 1490-1498 (per Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Hans Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-4, Unger 646c, RĂ©thy II 278A, dated 1511 56 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARI * 1511 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0156 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
illyria fouree.jpg
ILLYRIA - DYRRHACHIUM56 viewsFOUREE DRACHM -- Cekas 94 to 98. c. 200-30 B.C.E. Cow suckles calf, ARISTON. Reverse: double stellate pattern. dpaul7
Wedjat56 viewsHorus eye
2 cm
late period
1 commentsfrederic
Caesarea Maritima. Macrinus. AD 217-218.56 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Macrinus. AD 217-218. 26mm
O:Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R:Tyche-Astarte standing left, right foot on uncertain object, holding small bust and scepter; all within central arch of tetrastyle temple façade; two small Nikai between columns. Kad-74
VRBS Roma (330-335 A.D.)56 viewsAv.: VRBS ROMA
Rv.: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus
Ex.: TRP

AE Follis Ř17-19 / 2.7g
RIC VII 561 Trier
laureate bust right, globe below bust
26 mm
IRELAND -- Edward I of England (1272–1307)56 viewsIRELAND -- Edward I of England (1272–1307) AR penny, 1283 (third issue) Dublin Mint. Obv.: Crowned bust facing in triangle, + EDW . R. ANGL DNS HYB Rev.: long cross with three pellets in each angle, CIVITAS DVBLINIE. This coin illustrates all the traits of a third issue coin: On the obverse it has the characteristic small cross before a straight backed E - a trefoil on the breast (as the first three issues have) and punctuation; commas and stops in the legend and a contraction bar above the S. On the reverse it has a Lombardic 'n' rather than a Roman 'N' in the mint signature. Many third issue coins have only obverse or reverse die characteristics rather than both, in these cases the other die is a second issue one. Reference: S-6248dpaul7
Judaea, First Jewish War AR Shekel56 viewsObv. "Shekel of Israel", ritual chalice with pearled rim, base raised by projections on ends; date above.
Rev. "Jerusalem the Holy", staff with three pomegranate buds, round base.
Mint: Year 2, 66/67 AD.

22mm 13.22g

Hendin 1358, TJC 193
2 commentskc
Moesia, Istros AR Drachm.
4th Century BC.
Facing male heads, the right inverted / ISTPIH, sea-eagle left grasping dolphin with talons, AG monogram below dolphin.
BMC 246; SNG Munich 236; SNG Copenhagen 192; Pick AMNG 417.
5.02g, 20mm.

Curtis H
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #0156 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #01
avers:- .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-081, CHN-1-119, Huszar-140,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #0256 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #02
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,0 mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082, CHN-1-129, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel (New York, New York)56 viewsAE token, 32.7 mm., 10.639 gr., undated (but probably issued in 1923 or 1928).

Obv: THE GREAT DRIVE FOR A HOME FOR THE AGED and 232 E. 10 ST., along toothed rim, HELP US/BUILD above building and HOME OF THE/SONS AND DAUGHTERS/OF ISRAEL below building.

Rev: CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR along toothed rim, HELP US/AND/GOD/WILL/HELP YOU between busts of woman and bearded man.

Ref: Meshorer, Coins Reveal 147; Kenny, So-Called Dollars 229; Leonard, Jr., Robert D. “Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel: Its History and Contribution Tokens.” The Shekel, XXXVIII No. 6 (Nov. to Dec. 2005). pp. 14-23 (this token is depicted as Obverse B); Randolph, Marc A. “Jewish Homes for the Aged Tokens,” The Shekel, XXXVI No. 3 (May-June 2003) 14-19, Figure 5; ANS Database 2000.1.511.

Note: Organized in 1909 and incorporated in 1912, the Home acquired 230 East Tenth Street in December 1914. The adjacent 232 East Tenth Street was acquired by April 1915, and in May 1919 plans for a new building, encompassing both addresses, were approved. On June 21, 1925 the Home expanded into yet a third adjacent building on East Tenth Street. On December 22, 1935, it relocated to a larger building at 232-38 East Twelfth Street, where it remained in operation until the mid-1960s.

Note: There was a $400,000 fund drive in 1923 and a $100,000 fund drive in 1928, and this token could have been issued in connection with either of those events.

Note: Leonard noted that these tokens were made in such large numbers that three obverse dies were required (the designation of obverse and reverse on these is arbitrary, and I refer to the side which Leonard termed the obverse as the reverse). The differences noted by Leonard pertain to the distance between the rim and the words CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR, the relief of the woman, especially at the shoulder, and the man’s bust. But there are also others. This token is Leonard Obverse B (described by Leonard as CONTRIBUTION/ONE DOLLAR near rim, woman’s shoulder in low relief).

ex Robert J. Leonard, Jr. collection.
Sear 1303 - Follis - 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8) - Syracuse mint56 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8)
Condition: Fine/aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, bearded, wearing helmet (with plume) and elaborate robe, holding in right hand, akakia; in left, globus cruciger. In field left, star above palm; in field right, palm.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left, //; To right, //

Syracuse mint
DO 63; Sear 1303
2.74g; 27.2mm; 180°
SPAIN - Castille & Leon - Juan I56 viewsSPAIN - Castille & Leon - Juan I (1379-1390) Billon Cornado. dpaul7
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 226, Thessalonica, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Scarce, #156 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 226, Thessalonica, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Scarce, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: palm * TES Γ • palm,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Thessalonica,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-226, Scarce !,
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 321, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!56 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 321, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!
avers:- DN FL CL IVL - IANVS PF AVG (J15), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, in right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak
exergo: S CONST •,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-321, R!,
Kyrgyzstan56 views10 Tyiyn - 2008
50 Tyiyn - 2008
1 Som - 2008
3 Som - 2008
5 Som - 2008
Daniel Friedman
Philip III, 323-317 BC; Magnesia 323-319 BC56 viewsAR drachm, 18mm, 4.26g, Nice VF
Head Herakles right in lion-head headdress / ΦIΛIΠΠOY Zeus seated left on backless throne, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and sceptre. Thyrsus in left field.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price P51; Müller P80
Lawrence Woolslayer
Philip III, 323-317 BC; Kolophon 323-319 BC56 viewsAR drachm, 18.2mm, 4.24g, VF/gVF
Head Herakles right in lion-head headdress / ΦIΛIΠΠOY Zeus seated left on backless throne, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and sceptre. Lyre in left field, U (could be part of garment) under throne above strut.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price P43b; Müller P50
Lawrence Woolslayer
7260 Prusias I, 228-185 BC56 viewsBronxe Ć28, 26mm, 11.01g, VF
Laureate head Apollo left / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Winged Athena standing left holding shield and crowning King's name, monogram inner left. Mechanically cleaned in fields.
Ex: Lakeview Collection.
Sear 7260; BMC Pontus, pg 209, #4; SNG von Aulock 6881; SNG Cop 625
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII56 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC


Purchased as a low budget LEG XII upon viewing in hand it is definately a 13th Legion

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
032 - Mark Antony, legionary denarius56 viewsObv: ANT AVG III VIR RPC, Galley right
Rev: LEG XV, Legionary eagle between two standards

Struck in traveling mint, c 32-31 BC
1 commentspierre_p77
Mn Aemilius Lepidus Denarius 114bc56 viewsMn. Aemilius Lepidus

Denarius 4.0 g / 18 mm

Mint: Rome, struck 114 BC

Obv: ROMA, laureate, diademed and draped bust of Roma right; behind, X.

Rev: MN AEMILIO, equestrian statue on triumphal arch; between the arches, L E P B.

Reference: Albert 1074, Cr. 291/1, Sear 168, Sydenham 554, Aemilia 7

This issue reminds of the commencement of the Aqua Marcia 179 BC.

This coin has been stolen en route from Switzerland to the UK. If anyone sees it please let me or the Vcoins dealer ARC know. Thanks

2 commentsAdrian S
Licinius I SECURITAS London mint56 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
Anonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. Lion56 viewsAnonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. 18-22mm, 10.94g. Obv: lion walking left on ground line, the lion has his front paw placed upon an object, probably a bucranium, crescent and star (?) above. Ex Rutten & Wieland.
2 commentsPodiceps
Lucilla RIC III, 78856 viewsLucilla, killed 182, wife of Lucius Verus, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, sister of Commodus
AR - Denar, 3.29g, 17mm
draped, diademed bust r.
rev. VES - TA
Vesta, veiled, standing l., before draped and lightened
altar, holding patera in r. and palladium in l. hand
RIC III, 788; C.92
about EF

PALLADIUM, from Pallas, meaning 'maiden', a title of Athena, was a statue, stolen from
Troy, later brought to Italy by Aeneas, with great protective power. In art it stands for a statuette of Athena, often a attribute of Vesta and other goddesses.

Marcus Aurelius56 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 166 CE (3.26g) O:M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right R: TR P XX IMP IIII COS III, PAX in ex., Pax standing left holding branch and cornucopiae. BMCRE 401; RSC 435; RIC 159.

Virtually mint state.
2 commentsNemonater
Marcus Aurelius, RIC 912, Sestertius of AD 16556 viewsĆ Sestertius (26.8g, Ř 33mm, 12h), Rome mint, struck between August and December of the year AD 165.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate bust of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Rev.: TR POT XIX IMP III COS III (around edge) S C (in field), Providentia standing l., holding a wand and a long sceptre; globe at her feet.
RIC 912 (S); BMCRE 1248; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali III-1) 421 (8 spec.)
ex Cayón auction June 2009.
Charles S
Macedonia. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm (reverse)56 viewsCirca 325-315 B.C. Reverse. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, on throne, ALEXANDROU in right field, monogram in left field. Die shift. Price-211. Ex Berk. Mint State.1 commentsJason T
Marcus Aurelius Honos RIC 42256 viewsMarcus Aurelius, Denarius, 3g, 16.72mm, RIC III pg 79 422, RSC 236, Sear 5 4784
REV: HONOS, Honos standing, head left, with branch & cornucopiae
Marc Antony Legionary Denarius56 viewsLegion 6; struck at Patrae 32-31 BC by traveling military mint.Ghengis_Jon
mariniana ant-.jpg
MARINIANA AR antoninianus AD25456 viewsobv:DIVAE MARINIANAE
rev:CONSECRATIO (peacock flying right, carrying Mariniana, veiled, with raised hand & scepter)
ref:RIC6, C.14
Mariniana was the wife of Valerian and mother of Gallienus. The absence
of the title Augusta would suggest that she died before the their accessions.
2 commentsberserker
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 14. Septimius Severus, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)56 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 9.3g, 27.48mm, 45°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Tyche, in long chiton and himation, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding
cornucopiae in l. arm and rudder in r. hand
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 559
b) Varbanov (engl.) 748
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
nice VF
1 commentsJochen
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MAURICE TIBERIAS56 viewsBronze follis, S 494, F, 10.431g, 29.5mm, 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 584 - 601 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC TIber PP AV, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M between ANNO and regnal year, cross above, D below, CON in exdpaul7
Maximinus II56 viewsAE Follis
Laureate head right

Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera & cornucopiae, * left, A right, ANT in ex.

Antioch 310 AD

Jay GT4
moneta 333.jpg
Maxentius Follis, Rome - RIC VI 21056 viewsMaxentius Follis
obv: IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG. Laureate bust right.
rev: CONSERV VRB SVAE. Roma seated , holding globe and sceptre, shield at side, in hexastyle temple. Wreath in pediment.
exergue: RBT
Struck 308-310 A.D. at Rome
RIC VI 210
1 commentsJericho
moneta 451 large.jpg
Macrinus and Diadumenian Provincial, Markianopolis AE2756 viewsobv: Facing busts of Macrinus and his son Diadumenian
rev: Apollo standing left, his head right, holding beside snake coiled around tree at right. E in left field.
Struck 217-218 A.D. at Markianopolis
2 commentsJericho
moneta 511.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Sirmium - RIC VIII 22256 viewsConstantius Gallus Centenionalis
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C. Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind bust
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Emperor standing, holding two standards topped by Chi-rho banners. Star above, III in left field.
exergue: star SIRM
Struck 351 A.D. at Sirmium
Van Meter 1 (VB2)
Note:Mintmark, thus RIC #, not 100% certain - other option is star after, which seems unlikely.
moneta 520 lg.jpg
Dicoletian, Ticinum - RIC 22556 viewsDicoletian Antoninianus
obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
rev: IOVI CONSERVAT. Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergue: TXXIT
Struck 285 A.D. at Ticinum
RIC 225 (Scarce)
1 commentsJericho
moneta 633.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Hadrianopolis, AE2656 viewsobv: Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
rev: Asklepios standing, head left, with serpent staff.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Moushmov 2607
Jurukova 282?
moneta 705 large.jpg
Faustina Sr. Posthumous Denarius, Rome56 viewsobv: DIVA AVG FAVSTINA. Draped bust right.
rev: AETERNITIS. Aeternitas standing left, holding globe and scepter.
Struck after 143 A.D. by Antoninus Pius
RIC 350a
RSC 34a
moneta 710 lg.jpg
Caracalla, Nicopolis AE2156 viewsobv: Laureate and draped bust right
rev: Tetrastyle temple with Serpais within
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nicopolis ad Istrum
1 commentsJericho
Marc Anthony denarius56 viewsDate: 32-31 BC
Mint: ?
Obverse: ANT·AVG III VIR·R·P·C; galley right, with rowers, a standard placed at the prow.
Reverse: Legionay eagle betwen two standards. LEG XIII
2 commentsXulodue
Nero, RIC 509, Sestertius of AD 66 (Decursion, scan)56 viewsĆ sestertius (24.7g, Ř36mm, 7h), Lugdunum mint, struck AD 66.
Obv.: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONTIF MAX TRIB POT P P, laureate head of Nero facing right, globe below bust.
Rev.: DECVRSIO (in ex.) S C (left and right in field), Nero on horseback riding right, holding spear; behind mounted soldier riding right with vexillum.
RIC 509 (S); BMC 318; Sear (RCV 2K) 1957var.

The reverse legend DECVRSIO derives from DECVRRO (=run downwards, charge), a word applied to military or equestrian manoeuvres. On this type, it refers Nero leading a formal cavalry parade in the Circus Maximus.
3 commentsCharles S
56 viewsNero AE Dupondius. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left / SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S-C, II in ex, Securitas seated right, holding veil above her head, altar at feet right. RIC 4071 commentsSoxfan
NERO Drachm, RIC 621, Claudius56 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERM, laureate head of Nero right
REV: DIVOS CLAVD AVGVST GERMANIC PATER AVG, Claudius' laureate head right
17mm, 3.6g

Minted at Caesarea
3 commentsLegatus
Nero, 54 - 68 AD56 viewsObv: NERO CAESAR, laureate head of Nero facing right.

Rev: AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS, Nero dressed in a toga and wearing a radiate crown, standing facing, holding a branch and a statue of Victory on a globe.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 64 - 65 AD

3.8 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC I 47, RSC 45, S1941, VM 6
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Nero, 54 - 68 AD56 viewsObv: NERO C(LAVD DI CLAV)D F CAESAR AVG GERMA, laureate head of Nero facing right.

Rev: DIVOS CLAVD AV(GVST GERMAN)IC PATER AVG, laureate head of Claudius facing right.

Silver Didrachm, Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 64 AD

7.6 grams, 21 mm, 0°

RIC I 619 (var.), RSC Nero & Claudius 1a, S2055
1 commentsSPQR Coins
nerva dup-~0.jpg
096-098 AD - NERVA AE dupondius - struck 96 AD56 viewsobv:IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP CIS II PP (radiate head right)
rev:CONCORDIA EXERCITVM / S.C. (two hands clasped hads holding legionary eagle resting on prow)
ref:RIC55, C.26(2fr.)
The type of this reverse alludes to the concurrence and union of the forces, both on land and at sea, during the reign of this good prince.
NILUS56 viewsPtolemaic Bronze ca. 180BC - Ptolemy V - VI
Svoronos 1378 (K control letter in eagle's legs)
Rare type with expressive portrait of Nilus rather than typical Ptolemaic Zeus.
AE20 5.98gm 11h
Part of scarce series of coins with 'K' control letter, 5 sizes each with different designs.
Few specimens known in books, museum collections.
Some thought that the K might represent Kleopatra I, mother of Ptolemy VI. Exact date unknown but likely ca. 190-170BC. Apparently the only Ptolemaic bronze type with a representation of the 'River God', Nilus.
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,56 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
numide D.jpg
Numidia56 viewsNumidia, Kings of. Micipsa. Circa 148-118 BC. Ć 26 mm (13.8 gm). Laureate, bearded head left / Prancing horse left; pellet below.

SNG Copenhagen 504ff; Mazard 50.
Kysikos, Mysia, obol56 viewsKysikos, Mysia, AR obol, (0.70g) 480-450 BC, Forepart of running
boar left, tunny fish behind upward / Head of roaring lion
left within incuse square
3 commentsOptimus
OCTAVIAN56 viewsAR denarius. 32-31 BC. 3,89 grs. Diademed head of Pax right. Olive branch at right, cornucopiae behind / Octavian walking right, raising right hand and holding spear over shoulder. CAESAR DIVI F across fields.
RIC 253. RSC 72.
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"56 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:53,95g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1866 A.D.,
Ottomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II Constantinople (Qustantinya) #0256 viewsOttomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II
date: 1099-AH
mint: Constantinople (Qustantinya)
Ottoman AR aqche Murad-I 3rd-decade56 viewsOttoman AR aqche Murad-I 3rd-decade
date: ?? AH (3rd-decade)
Diadumenian 217-218 A.D.56 viewsObv:bust r. bereheaded wearing paludamentum
and cuirass
R:sarapis to r. wearing ornamented kalathos
Hadrian56 viewsObv:bust r. laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev: Tyche
Macedonia, Philippi, anonymous, RPC 165156 viewsAE 19 (Semis?), 6.72g
struck about AD 41-68
obv. VIC - AVG
Victoria advancing r. on prow, holding palmbranch in l. arm and wreath in
raised r. hand
around three standards
RPC 1651; SNG ANS 674-681; SNG Copenhagen 305-306
EF, brown patina, extraordinary good condition for this type

In 42 BC at the city of Philippi Octavian, the later emperor Augustus, defeated Brutus and Cassius, the assassins of Caesar. Following the battle, Philippi became a Roman colony and discharged veterans receiving land allotments settled permanently in the area. Special privileges were allowed to these Roman colonists, such as exemption from taxes and the right to own and market property, and to struck their own coins.

The Victory on the obv. resembles the famous Nike of Samothrace.
Macedonian Kingdom, Phillip II, 359 - 336 B.C. 56 viewsAE unit; SNG ANS 8- 903, Weight 5.7 gr., max diameter 16.7 mm; uncertain mint? Obv. Apollo facing right, wearing taenia; Rev. Φ Ι Λ Ι Π Π O Υ above; boy riding horse prancing right, AN monogram and trident head below. Dark patina.

Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsSteve E
Philip I ROMAE AETERNAE56 viewsPhilip I, AR antoninianus, 244-249 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left, holding sceptre and Victory bearing globe, shield at side.
*no longer in collection*
1 commentsancientcoins
Picture 005.jpg
Coponius56 viewsPrefect: 6-9 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Grain-ear KAICA POC
Reverse: Palm Tree L AS
Date: Year 36 = 6 AD
Reference: Hendin 635
John K
Sigismund III. Wasa 1587-1632. Dreipölker 1622, Bromberg. Kopicki 861.56 views2 commentsancientone
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 56 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
[18H649] Pontius Pilate Prefect under Tiberius Prutah, "LIZ", 30 BC56 viewsPONTIUS PILATE PRUTAH, 'LIZ;' Hendin 649, VF, 15.5mm, 1.90 grams. Struck 30 C.E. Nice historic coin.

Jean-Philippe Fontanille

They are not really beautiful, or truly rare, nor are they of very great monetary value. Yet these apparently modest coins carry in their weight an era and an act which would have immense consequence to the history of the world. Indeed, they are closely associated with three basic factors which saw the foundation of Christianity :
1 - The temporal proximity : Most modern experts agree in recognising that the year now designated 30 C.E. marked the trial and the death of Jesus. Given that time-frame, Pilate's coins were minted in 29, 30 and 31 C.E.
2 - The geographic proximity : The most credible hypothesis indicates that these particular coins where struck in Jerusalem, the city in which the significant events took place.
3 - The human proximity : Pontius Pilate himself designed and put the coins into circulation, and of course he was the man who conducted the trial and ordered the crucifixion of Jesus.

So it is that everyone, whether a believer or simply a lover of history or of numismatics, will find in these coins direct evidence of and witness to an episode the memory of which has survived 2000 years : A momentous event which has to a great extent fashioned the world we know.

Throughout this article we will also note the exceptional character of Pilate's coins: Exceptional in the nature of the images they bear, for the numerous variants they offer, for the presence of countermarks, and above all for the part their originator played in history. The putative appearance of these coins imprints on the Turin shroud has yet to be confirmed by more solid scientific proofs.

Pilate's coins are Roman coins, the words on them are Greek, they were circulated in Judea, and today they are to be found distributed among world-wide collectors after having spent 2000 years buried in the earth. They were minted and used during a period which produced an event destined to change the face of the world, and issued at the command of one of the principal actors in that event. An amazing and dramatic destiny for apparently such humble and unassuming little coins !

For 35 years Pilate's coins were passed from hand to hand every day. They knew the scent of spice-stalls, heard the merchants' ranting, smelled the sweat and dust of daily works. They were alive to the sounds of Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin voices ¬ now haggling over a price, now offering prayers to YHVH, Jesus or Jupiter.

Nobody prays to Jupiter any more [?], but Pilate's coins are surviving witnesses to a time when the first Christians were considered as a messianic sect among several others in the midst of Judaism in crisis. The absolute split between Judaism and Christianity took place from about 70 C.E, the year which marked the tragic ending of the first Jewish rebellion. It was from that time, too, that Pilate's money ceased to be used.

Like each one of us, who carries always a few small coins in the bottom of our pockets; there is no doubt that some of Pilate's coins resonated to the last words of the most famous of all supplicants. A very long story had its beginning...

Although the prefects had their residencies in Cesarea, the administrative capital of the province, it seems that their money was minted in Jerusalem. Indeed, a specimen dated year 31 has been found in this town in an incomplete state of manufacture.

It would seem that Pilate's money was in current use for at least 35 years. Indeed, some of it has been discovered among other coins during the excavation of remains of dwellings destroyed by the Romans during the first Jewish revolt, which is evidence that they were still in use at that time.

These coins circulated far beyond the frontiers of Judea. Some samples have been discovered as far away as Antioch in present-day Turkey, nearly 500 kilometres from Jerusalem where they were minted. Others have also been found in Jordan. These limits represent a circulation area of at least 100.000 square kilometres, that is five times larger than the size of the state of Israel. Taking into account that it was a time when distances were expressed in terms of days of march, one begins to see the important influence of these coins.

A fairly frequent symbol from the Roman religion of the time, the simpulum was a utensil used by the priests during their religious ceremonies. This little ladle, provided with shaft and a handle, allowed the priests to taste the wine which they poured onto the head of an animal destined for sacrifice, after which the soothsayer was empowered to examine the animal's entrails for signs and portents sent to men by the Gods through the medium of the interpreter. As I pointed, none of this would have been obvious at first sight of the motif except perhaps to a Roman citizen. However, it throws some light on the theory put forward by F.A. Banks [Coins of the Bible Days].

This wasn't the first time that the simpulum appeared on Roman coins, but it is the first time it figured alone. This fact gives an additional specificity to Pilate's coins, not only in the context of Judea but also in comparison with all the other coins of the Empire.

The three ears or barley are featured on the opposing face of the simpulum. Unlike the simpulum, these ears of barley are not in contravention of the Jewish Law. The motif is nevertheless distinctive because it is the first time it appears on a Judean coin. The motif would reappear twelve years later on one of Herod Agrippa's coin, then on another, much rarer, of Agrippa II (ears of barley held in a hand). After that, the motif disappeared altogether from ancient Jewish coins.

The lituus was the wooden staff which the augurs held in the right hand; it symbolised their authority and their pastoral vocation. It was raised toward heavens while the priests invoked the Gods and made their predictions. Legend records that Romulus used it at the time of Rome's foundation in 753 B.C.E. It is interesting to note that the cross used in present times is the direct descendant of the lituus. As with the simpulum, Pilate's coinage is exceptional in that it alone displays the lituus as the sole object illustrated on the face.

The laurel wreath is a symbol of power and victory, and figures on various ancient Greek and Roman coins. In Judea it can be found during the reign of John Hyrcanus I (134 to 104 B.C.E.). After that, Herod Antipas, speaker for Pilate, used it on all his coins. On Pilate's coins, the laurel wreath figures on the reverse side of the lituus, framing the date.

The notation of dates uses a code invented by the Greeks whereby each letter of the alphabet was assigned a number. This code would be used again in Judaism under the name of Guematria. The system is simple : the first ten letters of the alphabet are linked to units (1,2,3...), the following ten letters to tens (10,20,30...) and the four remaining letters to the first four hundreds. The "L" is an abbreviation meaning "year". Tiberius became emperor on September 17 of year 14 C.E, so we have :

LIS = Year 29 C.E. * LIZ = Year 30 C.E. * LIH = Year 31 C.E.

The legends on Pontius Pilate's coins are written in Greek. Judea, governed by the Ptolemy dynasty (301 to 198 B.C.E) then by the Syrians until 63 B.C.E, came under the same powerful influence of the Hellenic culture which touched the other territories of the ancient Persian Empire won by Alexander the Great. In spite of a certain amount of resistance, this Hellenistic heritage eventually crept into every aspect of daily life. Apart from the dates, the texts on Pilate's coinage consisted of only three different words : - TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (Of Tiberius Emperor) on all three coins; - IOYLIA KAICAPOC (Empress Julia) added to the coin of year 29.

Pontius Pilate
After the deposition of the eldest son of Herod, Archelaus (who had succeeded his father as ethnarch), Judea was placed under the rule of a Roman procurator. Pilate, who was the fifth, succeeding Valerius Gratus in A.D. 26, had greater authority than most procurators under the empire, for in addition to the ordinary duty of financial administration, he had supreme power judicially. His unusually long period of office (A.D. 26-36) covers the whole of the active ministry both of St. John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ.
As procurator Pilate was necessarily of equestrian rank, but beyond that we know little of his family or origin. Some have thought that he was only a freedman, deriving his name from pileus (the cap of freed slaves) but for this there seems to be no adequate evidence, and it is unlikely that a freedman would attain to a post of such importance. The Pontii were a Samnite gens. Pilate owed his appointment to the influence of Sejanus. The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Cćsarea; where there was a military force of about 3,000 soldiers. These soldiers came up to Jerusalem at the time of the feasts, when the city was full of strangers, and there was greater danger of disturbances, hence it was that Pilate had come to Jerusalem at the time of the Crucifixion. His name will be forever covered with infamy because of the part which he took in this matter, though at the time it appeared to him of small importance.
Pilate is a type of the worldly man, knowing the right and anxious to do it so far as it can be done without personal sacrifice of any kind, but yielding easily to pressure from those whose interest it is that he should act otherwise. He would gladly have acquitted Christ, and even made serious efforts in that direction, but gave way at once when his own position was threatened.
The other events of his rule are not of very great importance. Philo (Ad Gaium, 38) speaks of him as inflexible, merciless, and obstinate. The Jews hated him and his administration, for he was not only very severe, but showed little consideration for their susceptibilities. Some standards bearing the image of Tiberius, which had been set up by him in Jerusalem, caused an outbreak which would have ended in a massacre had not Pilate given way. At a later date Tiberius ordered him to remove certain gilt shields, which he had set up in Jerusalem in spite of the remonstrances of the people. The incident mentioned in St. Luke 13:1, of the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate mingled with the sacrifices, is not elsewhere referred to, but is quite in keeping with other authentic events of his rule. He was, therefore, anxious that no further hostile reports should be sent to the emperor concerning him.
The tendency, already discernible in the canonical Gospels, to lay stress on the efforts of Pilate to acquit Christ, and thus pass as lenient a judgment as possible upon his crime, goes further in the apocryphal Gospels and led in later years to the claim that he actually became a Christian. The Abyssinian Church reckons him as a saint, and assigns 25 June to him and to Claudia Procula, his wife. The belief that she became a Christian goes back to the second century, and may be found in Origen (Hom., in Mat., xxxv). The Greek Church assigns her a feast on 27 October. Tertullian and Justin Martyr both speak of a report on the Crucifixion (not extant) sent in by Pilate to Tiberius, from which idea a large amount of apocryphal literature originated. Some of these were Christian in origin (Gospel of Nicodemus), others came from the heathen, but these have all perished.
His rule was brought to an end through trouble which arose in Samaria. An imposter had given out that it was in his power to discover the sacred vessels which, as he alleged, had been hidden by Moses on Mount Gerizim, whither armed Samaritans came in large numbers. Pilate seems to have thought the whole affair was a blind, covering some other more important design, for he hurried forces to attack them, and many were slain. They appealed to Vitellius, who was at that time legate in Syria, saying that nothing political had been intended, and complaining of Pilate's whole administration. He was summoned to Rome to answer their charges, but before he could reach the city the Emperor Tiberius had died.
Catholic Encyclopedia:

As the man who presided over the trial of Jesus, who found no fault with the defendant and washed his hands of the affair by referring it back to the Jewish mob, but who signed the final death warrant, Pontius Pilate represents almost a byword for ambivalence.
He appears in a poor light in all four Gospels and in a favourable light in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter where the Jews take all the blame for Jesus' death.
In the later Acts of Pilate, he is both cleared of responsibility for the Crucifixion and is said to have converted to Christianity.
In the drama of the Passion, Pilate is a ditherer who drifts towards pardoning Jesus, then drifts away again. He tries to pass the buck several times, makes the decision to save Jesus, then capitulates.
The former Archbishop of Canterbury, the late Robert Runcie once wrote, "It would have been better for the moral health of Christianity if the blame had stayed with Pilate."
In a poignant moment in the course of the trial, Pontius Pilate responds to an assertion by Jesus by asking "What is truth?"
The truth about Pilate is difficult to ascertain since records are few. Legends say he was a Spaniard or a German, but most likely he was a natural-born Roman citizen from central Italy.
But the fact that he was definitely the Procurator of Judea from 26 to 36 AD helps to establish Jesus as a real person and fixes him in time.
The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Caesarea, a mainly non-Jewish city where a force of some 3,000 Roman soldiers were based.
These would come to Jerusalem during the time of feasts when there was a greater danger of disturbances. This would explain Pilate's presence in the city during the time of the Crucifixion.
Pilate is recorded by several contemporary historians; his name is inscribed on Roman coins and on a stone dug up in Caesarea in the 1960s with the words, PONTIUS PILATUS PRAEFECTUS PROVINCIAE JUDAEAE.
The governorship of Judea was only a second-rate posting, though having the Jewish religious capital, Jerusalem, on its patch would have increased its importance.
Pilate ruled in conjunction with the Jewish authorities and was under orders from Emperor Tiberius, to respect their culture. He was a soldier rather than a diplomat.
The Jews relied on the Romans to keep their own rebellious factions under control. But they appeared to hate Pilate.
One contemporary Jewish historian Philo, describes him as a violent thug, fond of executions without trial. Another, Josephus, records that, at the start of his term, Pilate provoked the Jews by ordering the imperial standards to be carried into Jerusalem.
But he backed off from an all-out confrontation. On the other hand, later, he helped himself to Jewish revenues to build an aqueduct.
When, according to Josephus, bands of resistance fighters, supported by crowds of ordinary people, sabotaged the project by getting in the way of Pilate's workmen, he sent in his soldiers. Hundreds were massacred.
Anne Wroe, author of a recent book Pilate: the Biography of an Invented Man, says that for some modern scholars, given this propensity for violence when the occasion warranted, the idea of Pilate as a waverer is nonsense.
A Roman governor, they point out, would not have wasted two minutes thinking about a shabby Jewish villain, one among many. Wroe's depiction of Pilate, however, suggests he was something of a pragmatist.
His first duty was to keep the peace in Judea and to keep the revenues flowing back to Rome. "Should I have jeopardised the peace for the sake of some Jew who may have been innocent?", she has Pilate asking. "Should I have defied a furious crowd, maybe butchered them, to save one life?"
Whatever the truth about the real Pontius Pilate, such dilemmas are what he has come to symbolise.
Anne Wroe makes the modern comparisons of Neville Chamberlain in 1938. Bill McSweeney, of the Irish School of Ecumenics suggests that "without the Pilates of Anglo-Irish politics, we might never have had the Good Friday Agreement".
Tony Blair has said of Pilate: "It is possible to view Pilate as the archetypal politician, caught on the horns of a dilemma."
Even if, in reality, the Jesus affair was nothing but a small side-show in the career of Pontius Pilate, it had monumental repercussions for his image.
His inclusion in the Christian creeds, in the words of Robert Runcie, "binds the eternal realms to the stumbling, messy chronology of earthly time and place".

The Ethiopian Church recognized Pilate as a saint in the sixth century, based on the account in the Acts of Pilate

Although historians can pinpoint the exact date of death of many distinguished historical figures, the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ remains a matter of scholarly debate. Christ’s birth is most often dated between 7-5 BC (some scholars have suggested, however, His birth was as early as 20 BC). Christ’s Death and Resurrection is dated between 29-36 AD.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Probus - Concordia Militum56 viewsIMP CM AVR PROBVS AVG
Bust type C, right, radiate, draped
Victory, left, presenting wreath to Probus holding standard
RIC 908, Cyzicus, 5th officina
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,56 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H-var right, Not in RIC)
revers:- S-O-LI-IN-VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, 3rd emission of Serdica, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 864 (Not in RIC), p-112,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #156 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KAB, no exergual line, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 4,02g, axes:5h,
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D.,(80-81 A.D.), ref: RIC-V-II-878, p-114,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Δ•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,56 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Δ•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ•//XXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,93g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotted series" 4th officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,56 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 3rd. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,56 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 190, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #256 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #2
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,56 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelian56 viewsBillon Antoninianus of Ticinum of A.D.274-275

Obv: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: PROVIDEN DEOR Fides Militum standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left hand. Officina and mint mark Q XX T in exergue.
Weight: 4.05g

RIC.152 Sear RCV III 11587

In A.D.274 Aurelian attempted a currency reform that did bring a certain amount of stability. The antoninianus was restored to approximately its original size. The actual silver content was increased slightly, but remained very low at around 4.5% overall. These reformed antoninianii often bear a mint mark of XXI that is thought to represent the ratio of 20 parts copper to 1 of silver. However, coins produced at Ticinum, as shown here, have the letter T instead of the I in the value mark.
2 commentsnemesis
Punic 4 D.jpg
Tanit Punic - SNG 19056 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Cathage - 300 BC
Weight: 10.9 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 190
Syracuse, Reign of Pyrrhus56 views278-276 BC
AE24 (23.2mm, 10.505g, 285o)
O: Head of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress; club behind, ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before.
R: Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling javelin and holding shield; wreath behind.
Calciati II p. 324, 177; SNG ANS 847; SNG Cop 809-814; Sear 1213
ex Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsEnodia
P. Crepusius – Crepusia-156 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC P. Crepusius AR denarius (17mm, 3.88g). 82 B.C. Rome mint. Head of Apollo, sceptre behind shoulder, bird before / P CREPVSI. Horseman right, brandishing spear. Control Number CLXXXVIIII above left. Crawford 361/1c, RSC1 Crepusia 1, Sydenham 738a, SRCV 2831 commentsBud Stewart
Anonymous quadrans56 viewsAnonymous Quadrans. AE.
Bearded head of Tiber r., crowned with reed.
Rev. SC The Roman she-wolf standing r., suckling the Twins Romulus and Remus.
RIC II, 217, 17. C. VIII, 269, 22.
1 commentsTanit
France Republic 1796 - 1800 - A - 5 Centimes - Edge.56 viewsFrench Republic 1796 - 1800 - A
5 Centimes - Nice Edge.
Rhesaina 3.jpg
Rhesaina (Mesopotamia) - Third Legion Parthica56 viewsIllegible circular legend. Naked bust of a laureate emperor upon eagle.
LEG. III , Vexillum (maybe with the letter Γ on it).

These small coins issued by the IIIrd Legion usually come from Rhesaina (Ras el-Ayn, at the source of the river Khabur, nowat the Syro-Turkish border). The obverse looks like it is Caracalla, but also like a consecration portrait.
RI 066ad img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 34156 viewsObv:– IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P II, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower, raising skirt
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare. A.D. 199
Reference:– RIC 341. RSC 600
RI 080b img.jpg
080 - Maximinus denarius - RIC 01656 viewsObverse – Laureate head right
Reverse – Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
Reverse Legend – VICTORIA AVG
Minted in Rome, March A.D. 235 – January A.D. 236
References:- Van Meter 11, RIC 16, RSC 99
RI 107o img.jpg
107 - Gallienus Antoninianus - RIC 61356 viewsObv:– GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna holding cornucopiae and caduceus
Minted in Antioch (VIIC• in exe.)
Reference:– RIC 613, Gobl 1640b
RI 141a img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI Alexandria 46a56 viewsObv:– IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian and Maximianus standing facing each other, holding between them globe surmounted by Victory
Minted in Alexandria (B in centre field, ALE in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 46a (Common)
RI 160n img.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Heraclea 09056 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Diademed head right
Minted in Heraclea. •SMHA in exe. A.D. 327-329
Reference:– RIC VII Heraclea 90 (Scarce)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RIC 373A Julia Domna.jpg
RIC 373A Julia Domna Denarius Diana.56 viewsRome mint, 211-217. Under Caracalla.
Draped bust right IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG
Rev. Diana standing left holding torch DIANA LVCIFERA
RIC 373A, RSC 32
1 commentsLordBest
Third_RIC 1956 viewsThis splendid portrait coin of Otho I obtained from a Helios auction (ex-Lynn). I decided to part with it and the coin found a new keeper in the NYINC. I am sure she/he will be happy with it!3 commentsjmuona
Urbs Roma Commemorative AE356 viewsO: VRBS ROMA, helmeted, mantled bust of Roma left
R: She-wolf standing left suckling Romulus and Remus, two stars above
dot CONS Epsilon dot in ex.
19mm 2.18g 333-335 AD City Commemoratives, Constantinople RIC 85 (r3)
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 016 56 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor advancing right, holding a shield and spear, treading down captive.
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe) Emission 3 Officina 4, from September to October A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 107. Bastien 150. RIC 16 Bust type C
3 commentsMartin Griffiths
2485-756 viewsIMP POSTVMVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Virtus walking right holding spear and shield
Milan Mint, Issue 3
Cunetio 2485-7
1 commentsmauseus
Ticinum 33656 viewsAntoninianus
Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield
Emperor shaking hands with Concordia
Ticinum, PXXT
RIC 336
2 commentsmauseus
76 Trier56 viewsLRBC I 76
1 commentsmauseus
JULIUS CAESAR (d. 44 BC), AR denarius, struck February-March 44 BC, moneyer C. Cossutius Maridianus56 viewsObverse- Wreathed and veiled head of Caesar right, DICT IN PERPETVO behind, CAESAR before.
Reverse- moneyer's name with Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting elbow on shield on globe.

RSC10, 19mm, 3.17g.

NGC VG ("bankers marks", Strike 3/5, Surface 2/5), cert. #4095350-001.
Ex- Imperial Coins & Artifacts, January 2011, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: This coin might be an "ugly duckling", but it's got a ton of history. When it came time to pursue a Twelve Caesars collection, I knew that nothing but a lifetime portrait issue of Caesar would do for me, though I probably could have had one of those interesting "elephants" or a more attractive "goddess head" design in better condition for less. This time I chose historical significance over eye appeal. This coin would have been struck just before Caesar's assassination on the fateful Ides of March, perhaps in that very month. It wasn't easy finding one within my $500/coin budgetary ceiling at the time, but this one came in under that price... barely.
4 commentslordmarcovan
NERO (54-68 AD), AE dupondius, Victory, struck ca. 64 AD56 viewsObverse- NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P, radiate head right.
Reverse- VICTORIA AVGVSTI/ S-C, Victory flying left, holding wreath, II (mark of value) in exergue.
RIC 196 (?), 34.5 mm, 15.5 g.
Ex- Mike R. Vosper Coins, UK, November 2011, through eBay.
Comments: Here's a thick and chunky orichalcum dupondius with some of the brassy color showing. I just liked the look of it. What's fun is that the rendering of Victory's wing makes it look like a space shuttle is flying behind her and is about to whack her in the head! Just imagine what flights of fancy some "ancient aliens" theorists could come up with, using this coin as "evidence"!
2 commentslordmarcovan
HADRIAN (117-138 AD), AR denarius, Roma56 viewsObverse- Hadrian Denarius. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, draped far shoulder.
Reverse- P M TR P COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, shield behind, holding Victory and scepter.
RIC 77, RSC 1103, 19 mm, 3.5 g.
Ex- Mathew Baca, through a swap on Collectors Universe, November, 2011.
While it's not super high grade or anything, I just really like the look of this coin... a lot. With a nice expressive portrait, full legends on both sides, good centering, and some handsome grey-brown toning that sets off the devices superbly, what's not to like? Got this in a trade with Mat, who's been good to deal with. I've been pleased to take on a few of his castoffs. A pretty decent Trajan denarius also came with that deal, but this was the coin that cinched the swap for me.
3 commentslordmarcovan
56 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 025, Rome, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left,56 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 025, Rome, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left. VI in exergue.
exe: -/-//VI, diameter: 19-22 mm, weight: 3,02 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-025, p-194, C-92, Göbl-376dd,
Salonina56 viewsSalonina - Antioch Mint - AE Antoninianus - RIC V 87

O: SALONINA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait carried up the back of head and tucked under stephane

R: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, crescent in left field, VIIC in exergue

References: Göbl 1648d; Sear 10625.

4.6g, 21.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 266-267AD
3 commentsBiancasDad
Salonina, Göbl 167156 viewsSalonina, killed 268, wife of Gallienus
AR - Antoninianus, 4.39g, 22mm
Antiochia, AD 267
bust, draped and diademed, on crescent, r.
rev. VENV - S AVG
Venus standing frontal, head l., leaning with l. ellbow on shield,
holding transverse spear in l. and helmet in l. hand
in ex. PXV
ref. RIC V/1, 86; C.113; Göbl 1671
good VF

VENUS with these attributes reminds on VENUS VICTRIX
2 commentsJochen
Sear 193456 viewsAlexius I Comnenus (1081-1118 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 1.72g, diameter 16mm. Unknown mint in Cyprus. Older catalogues attribute this rare type to the Thessalonica mint, but the fact that almost all specimens where the provenance is known originate in Cyprus makes the case for the coins having been struck on that island very strong. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
Sear 203556 viewsLatin occupation of Constantinople (1204 – 1261 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 1.2g, diameter 21mm. This is Hendy’s “Latin Type O”, usually attributed to the reign of Baldwin II de Courteney.Abu Galyon
Billion trachy small module SB 204556 viewsObverse: Christ bearded nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion std. on throne with back, holding gospelas in L.
Reverse: Emperor std. wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys, holding swoard in r. point towards ground, and globus cruciger in l.
Date: 1204-1260 CE
Sear 2045 H.29.4-6
17mm 1.04
Septimius Severus RIC 672 56 viewsSeptimius Severus RIC 672
AE Sestertius, 194 AD
Obverse: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, Laureate head right.
Reverse: VICT AVG TR P II COS II PP / SC, Victory advancing right with wreath and palm.
30mm , 24.1 gm.
RIC 672, Cohen 686.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
[1001a] Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.56 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 32, RSC 301, VF, 2.966g, 16.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right; reverse LIBERO PATRI, Liber (Bacchus) standing left, in right ocnochoe over panther, thysus in left; excellent portrait; scarce. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Lucius Septimius Severus restored stability to the Roman empire after the tumultuous reign of the emperor Commodus and the civil wars that erupted in the wake of Commodus' murder. However, by giving greater pay and benefits to soldiers and annexing the troublesome lands of northern Mesopotamia into the Roman empire, Septimius Severus brought increasing financial and military burdens to Rome's government. His prudent administration allowed these burdens to be met during his eighteen years on the throne, but his reign was not entirely sunny. The bloodiness with which Severus gained and maintained control of the empire tarnished his generally positive reputation.

Severus' Early Life and Acclamation
Severus was born 11 April 145 in the African city of Lepcis Magna, whose magnificent ruins are located in modern Libya, 130 miles east of Tripoli. Septimius Severus came from a distinguished local family with cousins who received suffect consulships in Rome under Antoninus Pius. The future emperor's father seems not to have held any major offices, but the grandfather may have been the wealthy equestrian Septimius Severus commemorated by the Flavian-era poet Statius.

The future emperor was helped in his early career by one of his consular cousins, who arranged entry into the senate and the favor of the emperor Marcus Aurelius. Life as a senator meant a life of travel from one government posting to another. Moorish attacks on his intended post of Baetica (southern Spain) forced Severus to serve his quaestorship in Sardinia. He then traveled to Africa as a legate and returned to Rome to be a tribune of the plebs. Around the year 175 he married Paccia Marciana, who seems also to have been of African origin. The childless marriage lasted a decade or so until her death.

Severus' career continued to flourish as the empire passed from Marcus to Commodus. The young senator held a praetorship, then served in Spain, commanded a legion in Syria and held the governorships of Gallia Lugdunensis (central France), Sicily and Upper Pannonia (easternmost Austria and western Hungary). While in Gallia Lugdunensis in 187, the now-widowed future emperor married Julia Domna, a woman from a prominent family of the Syrian city of Emesa. Two sons quickly arrived, eleven months apart: Bassianus (known to history as Caracalla) in April of the year 188, and Geta in March 189.

News of Pertinax's assassination 28 March 193 in an uprising by the praetorian guard quickly reached Pannonia, and only twelve days later on 9 April 193, Severus was proclaimed emperor. Septimius Severus had the strong support of the armies along the Rhine and Danube, but the loyalty of the governor of Britain, Clodius Albinus, was in doubt. Severus' envoys from Pannonia offered Albinus the title of Caesar, which he accepted.

The Civil Wars with Albinus, Niger, and Didius Julianus
In the city of Rome, Didius Julianus gained the support of the praetorian troops and was promoted as the successor to Pertinax. Although Julianus' authority did not extend much beyond Italy, Severus understood that legitimacy for a Roman emperor meant having one's authority accepted in Rome. He and his army began a swift march to the city. They met practically no resistance on their advance from Pannonia into northern Italy, as Julianus' supporters defected. By the beginning of June when Severus reached Interamna, 50 miles north of Rome, even the praetorian guard stationed in the capital switched sides. Didius Julianus was declared a public enemy and killed. Septimius Severus entered Rome without a fight.

Civil war was not yet over. Another provincial governor also had his eyes on the throne. In Syria, Pescennius Niger had been proclaimed emperor on news of Pertinax's death, and the eastern provinces quickly went under his authority. Byzantium became Niger's base of operations as he prepared to fight the armies of the west loyal to Severus.

Niger was unable to maintain further advances into Europe. The fighting moved to the Asian shore of the Propontis, and in late December 193 or early January 194, Niger was defeated in a battle near Nicaea and fled south. Asia and Bithynia fell under Severus' control, and Egypt soon recognized Severus' authority. By late spring, Niger was defeated near Issus and the remainder of his support collapsed. Syria was pacified. Niger was killed fleeing Antioch. Byzantium, however, refused to surrender to Severan forces. Niger's head was sent to the city to persuade the besieged citizens to give up, but to no avail. The Byzantines held out for another year before surrender. As punishment for their stubbornness, the walls of their city were destroyed.

Severus' Eastern Campaigns
During the fighting, two of the peoples of upper Mesopotamia -- the Osrhoeni and the Adiabeni -- captured some Roman garrisons and made an unsuccessful attack on the Roman-allied city of Nisibis. After the defeat of Niger, these peoples offered to return Roman captives and what remained of the seized treasures if the remaining Roman garrisons were removed from the region. Severus refused the offer and prepared for war against the two peoples, as well as against an Arabian tribe that had aided Niger. In the spring of 195, Severus marched an army through the desert into upper Mesopotamia. The native peoples quickly surrendered, and Severus added to his name the victorious titles Arabicus and Adiabenicus. Much of the upper third of Mesopotamia was organized as a Roman province, though the king of Osrhoene was allowed to retain control of a diminished realm.

The tottering Parthian empire was less and less able to control those peoples living in the border regions with Rome. Rome's eastern frontier was entering a period of instability, and Severus responded with an interventionist policy of attack and annexation. Some senators feared that increased involvement in Mesopotamia would only embroil Rome in local squabbles at great expense. The emperor, however, would remain consistent in his active eastern policy.

Legitimization of the Severan Dynasty
Severus also took steps to cement his legitimacy as emperor by connecting himself to the Antonine dynasty. Severus now proclaimed himself the son of Marcus Aurelius, which allowed him to trace his authority, through adoption, back to the emperor Nerva. Julia Domna was awarded the title "Mother of the Camp" (mater castrorum), a title only previously given to the empress Faustina the Younger, Marcus' wife. Bassianus, the emperor's elder son, was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and given the title Caesar. It was this last step that marked a decisive break with Albinus.

Albinus had remained in Britain as governor during the struggles between Severus and Niger. Although Albinus had not attempted open revolt against the emperor, he seems to have been in communication with senators about future moves. By the end of 195, Albinus was declared a public enemy by Severus. The governor of Britain responded by proclaiming himself emperor and invading Gaul.

A weary Roman populace used the anonymity of the crowd at the chariot races to complain about renewed civil war, but it was Gaul that bore the brunt of the fighting. Albinus and his supporters were able to inflict losses on the occasion of the initial attacks, but disorder was so great that opportunistic soldiers could easily operate on their own within the lands under Albinus' nominal control.

The tide began to turn early in 197, and after a Severan victory at Tournus, Albinus found himself and his army trapped near Lyon. A battle broke out 19 February 197. In the initial fighting, Albinus' troops forced the Severans into retreat, during which Severus fell off his horse. When the Severan cavalry appeared, however, Albinus' army was routed. Lyon was sacked and Albinus, who was trapped in a house along the river Rhône, committed suicide. Severus ordered Albinus' head to be cut off and sent to Rome for display. Many of Albinus' supporters were killed, including a large number of Spanish and Gallic aristocrats. Albinus' wife and children were killed, as were many of the wives of his supporters. Tradition also told of the mutilation of bodies and denial of proper burial. The emperor revealed a penchant for cruelty that troubled even his fervent supporters. A purge of the senate soon followed. Included among the victims was Pertinax's father-in-law, Sulpicianus.

Severus and the Roman Military
Severus brought many changes to the Roman military. Soldiers' pay was increased by half, they were allowed to be married while in service, and greater opportunities were provided for promotion into officer ranks and the civil service. The entire praetorian guard, discredited by the murder of Pertinax and the auctioning of their support to Julianus, was dismissed. The emperor created a new, larger praetorian guard out of provincial soldiers from the legions. Increases were also made to the two other security forces based in Rome: the urban cohorts, who maintained order; and the night watch, who fought fires and dealt with overnight disturbances, break-ins and other petty crime. These military reforms proved expensive, but the measures may well have increased soldiers' performance and morale in an increasingly unsettled age.

One location that remained unsettled was the eastern frontier. In 197 Nisibis had again been under siege, and the emperor prepared for another eastern campaign. Three new legions were raised, though one was left behind in central Italy to maintain order. The Roman armies easily swept through upper Mesopotamia, traveling down the Euphrates to sack Seleucia, Babylon and Ctesiphon, which had been abandoned by the Parthian king Vologaeses V. On 28 January 198 -- the centenary of Trajan's accession -- Severus took the victorious title Parthicus Maximus and promoted both of his sons: Caracalla to the rank of Augustus and Geta to the rank of Caesar.

Before embarking on the eastern campaign, the emperor had named Gaius Fulvius Plautianus as a praetorian prefect. Plautianus came from the emperor's home town of Lepcis, and the prefect may even have been a relative of the emperor. The victories in Mesopotamia were followed by tours of eastern provinces, including Egypt. Plautianus accompanied Severus throughout the travels, and by the year 201 Plautianus was the emperor's closest confidant and advisor. Plautianus was also praetorian prefect without peer after having arranged the murder of his last colleague in the post.

Upon the return to Rome in 202, the influence of Plautianus was at its height. Comparisons were made with Sejanus, the powerful praetorian prefect under the emperor Tiberius. Plautianus, who earlier had been adlected into the senate, was now awarded consular rank, and his daughter Plautilla was married to Caracalla. The wealth Plautianus had acquired from his close connection with the emperor enabled him to provide a dowry said to have been worthy of fifty princesses. Celebrations and games also marked the decennalia, the beginning of the tenth year of Severus' reign. Later in the year the enlarged imperial family traveled to Lepcis, where native sons Severus and Plautianus could display their prestige and power.

The following year the imperial family returned to Rome, where an arch, still standing today, was dedicated to the emperor at the western end of the Forum. Preparations were also being made for the Secular Games, which were thought to have originated in earliest Rome and were to be held every 110 years. Augustus celebrated the Secular Games in 17 B.C., and Domitian in A.D. 88, six years too early. (Claudius used the excuse of Rome's 800th year to hold the games in A.D. 47.) In 204 Severus would preside over ten days of ceremonies and spectacles.

By the end of 204, Plautianus was finding his influence with the emperor on the wane. Caracalla was not happy to be the husband of Plautilla. Julia Domna resented Plautianus' criticisms and investigations against her. Severus was tiring of his praetorian prefect's ostentation, which at times seemed to surpass that of the emperor himself. The emperor's ailing brother, Geta, also denounced Plautianus, and after Geta's death the praetorian prefect found himself being bypassed by the emperor. In January 205 a soldier named Saturninus revealed to the emperor a plot by Plautianus to have Severus and Caracalla killed. Plautianus was summoned to the imperial palace and executed. His children were exiled, and Caracalla divorced Plautilla. Some observers suspected the story of a plot was merely a ruse to cover up long-term plans for Plautianus' removal.

Severus and Roman Law
Two new praetorian prefects were named to replace Plautianus, one of whom was the eminent jurist Papinian. The emperor's position as ultimate appeals judge had brought an ever-increasing legal workload to his office. During the second century, a career path for legal experts was established, and an emperor came to rely heavily upon his consilium, an advisory panel of experienced jurists, in rendering decisions. Severus brought these jurists to even greater prominence. A diligent administrator and conscientious judge, the emperor appreciated legal reasoning and nurtured its development. His reign ushered in the golden age of Roman jurisprudence, and his court employed the talents of the three greatest Roman lawyers: Papinian, Paul and Ulpian.

The order Severus was able to impose on the empire through both the force of arms and the force of law failed to extend to his own family. His now teenaged sons, Caracalla and Geta, displayed a reckless sibling rivalry that sometimes resulted in physical injury. The emperor believed the lack of responsibilities in Rome contributed to the ill-will between his sons and decided that the family would travel to Britain to oversee military operations there. Caracalla was involved in directing the army's campaigns, while Geta was given civilian authority and a promotion to joint emperor with his father and brother.

Severus was now into his 60s. Chronic gout limited his activities and sapped his strength. The emperor's health continued to deteriorate in Britain, and he became ever more intent on trying to improve the bitter relationship between his two sons. He is reported to have given his sons three pieces of advice: "Get along; pay off the soldiers; and disregard everyone else." The first piece of advice would not be heeded.

Severus died in York on 4 February 211 at the age of 65. His reign lasted nearly 18 years, a duration that would not be matched until Diocletian. Culturally and ideologically Septimius Severus connected his reign to the earlier Antonine era, but the reforms he enacted would eventually alter the very character of Roman government. By creating a larger and more expensive army and increasing the influence of lawyers in administration, Severus planted the seeds that would develop into the highly militaristic and bureaucratic government of the later empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, Michael L. Meckler. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Trebonianus Gallus June / July 251 - July/ August 253 A.D Bronze Sestertius56 viewsTrebonianus Gallus June / July 251 - July/ August 253 A.D Bronze Sestertius, 17.62 grams. 28 mm, Rome Mint struck 253 A.D. Onverse - IMP CAES CVIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG Laureate draped bust right. Reverse - ROMAE AETERNAE SC. Roma seated left holding victory & inverted spear, shield propped against seat. RIC 120, C106. Vf.1 commentsAntonio Protti
Greek, Sicily, Himera AE hemilitron (400-380 BC)56 viewso/ Head of nymph three-quarters facing, wearing broad ampyx, hair flying to sides.
r/ shrimp left, six pellets (mark of value) above, IME below.
1.83g, 14mm, 3h.
Calciati I, 36; SNG Morcom 601; Basel 308; Gabrici pl. ii, 12.
Ex Roma Numismatics Auction 3-54 (31.03.2012)
4 commentsAugustin Caron
Silesia under Bohemia. Ferdinand I, AD .jpg
SILESIA - Under Bohemia, Ferdinand I56 viewsSILESIA - Under Bohemia, Ferdinand I (1522-1564). AR Pfennig, Uniface.
Side-by-side coats of arms; date 1533 above; "F" below. Reference: Schulten #4058.
Ionia, Smyrna, Britannicus, RPC 247656 viewsBritannicus, son of Claudius, killed AD 55 by Nero
AE 16, 3.89g
struck AD 50-54 under the magistrates Philistos (stephanophoros) and Eikadios (strategos)
obv. Youthful bust of Britannicus, draped, bare-headed, r.
Below the neck ZMY
Nike, flying r., holding tropaion over l. shoulder
RPC 2476 (Nero as Caesar); BMC 283 (Britannicus); Klose 233, 37 (Britannicus)
very rare, VF (one of the nicest specimens)

It is discussed wether the obv. shows Britannicus or Nero. Britannicus was the son of Claudius with Messalina. Originally his name was Germanicus. After the victory of his father over Britannia he was renamed Britannicus. He was poisoned AD 55 in order of Nero.
2 commentsJochen
BRABANT - Spanish Netherlands, Philip II56 viewsBRABANT - Spanish Netherlands, Philip II (1555-1598) AR 1/5-Philipsdaalder, 1566. Antwerp mint. Herborn #930.dpaul7
sphinx56 viewsPamphylia Perga Litra Sear Greek 5417Ghengis_Jon
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.56 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 167a, BMC 194, RSC 599.
Obverse- SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head right;
Reverse- RESTITVTOR VRBIS (Restorer of the City),
Severus in military attire, holding spear in left and sacrificing over a tripod altar with right;
3.657g, 18.0mm, 180o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.;
4 commentsb70
Caliphate of Abd al-Malik56 viewsAbd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685 – 705 CE) ‘Standing Caliph’ type, mint of Amman. Fals, weight 3.0g, diameter 17mm.

Obverse: Standing bearded figure wearing headdress and long robe, with right hand on hilt of sword. Inscription: abd allah abd al-malik amir al-mu’minin (“The servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the faithful”). The last word of the legend is divided, with the letters minin appearing in the right field above the caliph’s shoulder.

Reverse: Object resembling Greek Φ, with globule on top and resting on four steps; large star in left field; mint designation, amman, in right field. Inscription: the shahada (“There is no God but God alone and Muhammad is God’s prophet.”)

This type is part of the last series of Umayyad coins to feature images, and is generally attributed to the years 692 – 696. From 697 the coinage becomes aniconic and purely epigraphic.

Reference: Foss p.78 and D.O. 107
Abu Galyon
Syracuse, Trias. 344-336 BC. 56 viewsĆ
Head of Athena wearing Corinthian style helmet
Hippocamp left, with curled wing.
Sear 1193
3 commentsDino
Sicily, Syracuse SNG ANS 13856 viewsAR - Silver litra, 12.4mm, 0.653g
struck c.475-450
obv. SVRA
Head of Arethusa, with pearl-diadem, r.
rev. Oktopus
SNG ANS 183; SNG München 1003; SNG Copenhagen 641; cf. Boehringer S.196, 450ff.
about VF, slightly toned
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, ARCADIUS, CONCORDIA AVGG56 viewsARCADIUS AE3 19mm Minted at Antioch 401-403 A.D.

OBV. DN ARCADI-VS PF AVG, Helmeted bust facing, spear across shoulder, holding shield decorated with cross.
REV. CONCORD-IA AVGG, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, foot on prow, head right, holding scepter & Victory on globe
EX. ANT gamma
Attrib.RIC X 97
1 commentsblack-prophet
Theodosius II Solidus56 viewsTHEODOSIUS II AV Solidus. Constantinople mint.
Obv: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG , Diademed, helmeted & cuirassed 3/4-facing bust, spear on shoulder & shield decorated with horseman on left arm
Rev: IMP XXXXII COS XVII P P, Constantinopolis enthroned left with cross on globe & scepter, foot on prow, elbow on shield, star to left. COMOB.

RIC 299

BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123756 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Thessaly, Larissa, Drachm56 viewsSilver Drachm
Obv:– Youth wrestling or restraining bull, both to right, cloak and petasos flying out behind.
Rev:– LAR/ISAI, bridled horse galloping right, all in incuse square
Minted in Thessaly, Larissa from 440-400 B.C.
Reference:– SNG Oxford - (vgl. 3865). SNG Cop. -.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Lydia, Thyateira. Pseudo-autonomus AE23 Artemis Boreitene56 viewsLydia, Thyateira. Pseudo-autonomus AE23. ΒΟΡEΙ − ΤΗΝΗ, Draped bust of Artemis Boreitene left with bow and quiver / ΘΥΑΤEΙΡΗΝΩΝ, Eagle with spread wings standing facing.ancientone
Tiberius Æ sestertius, Empty Quadriga RIC 6656 viewsTiberius Ć sestertius. Rome Mint, 36-37 AD, Quadriga right / TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXXIIX around large SC. Ref RIC 66; BMC 130. 1 commentsmattpat
Tiberius sestertius minted under Augustus, Lyon, A.D. 9-1456 viewsObv. TI CAESAR AVGVSTI FI IMPERATOR VI, laurate head of Tiberius left; countermark: (NC)APR : Nero Claudius Augustus Populus Romanus.
Rev. ROM ET AVG, Altar of Lyon flanked by Victories on columns.
22.1g, Ř 36mm, die axis 6h
Ref.: close to RIC Augustus 248b [R4] (which is IMPERATOR VII); close to Cohen 36 (but IMPERATOR VII; same countermark)
Charles S
Countermarked Troas! :)56 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
Moesia inferior, Tomis. Pseudo-autonomous Ć16. Lion seated right56 viewsMoesia inferior, Tomis. 1st-2nd Century AD. Pseudo-autonomous Ć16mm. Anepigraphic turreted and draped and diademed female bust right, Demeter? / Lion seated right, raising forepaw; + above. AMNG I 2514; SNG Budapest -.

AE 17, 3.16g
struck 1st-2nd century AD
obv. ()
Female head, draped , with bun and small mural crown, r.
rev. TO / MI
Lion seated r., left fore paw raised, mouth opened, tongue outstretched
in the upper field + (cross).
AMNG 2514 (2 ex.)
very rare, about VF, brown patina

Regling (AMNG): The obv. portrait probably pointing to Demeter
Trajan AE Dupondius, SPQR facing cuirass RIC 582, Cohen 56756 viewsTrajan Ć Dupondius. ca 104-107 AD. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S-C, facing cuirass, consisting of lorica decorated with gorgoneion & figures, lappettes, & pteryges. Cohen 567v.3 commentsmattpat
ABVNDANTIA AVG56 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentsTibsi
Trajan Fouree56 viewsTRAJAN, Fouree Denarius, 98 - 117 AD, Struck 100 AD, 17.7g, 2.5g, RIC III, 40
REV: P M TR P COS III P P, Vesta seated left holding torch and patera
Trajan, RIC 469, Sestertius of AD 107-111 (Third donative)56 viewsĆ Sestertius (24,33g, Ř34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107-111.
Obv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate bust of Trajan draped over left shoulder facing right.
Rev.: CONGIARIVM TERTIVM (around) S C (in ex.), Trajan seated left on platform, officer seated on a second, lower platform, with Liberalitas statue and tripod; man in toga on steps before the second platform.
RIC 469 [R]; Cohen 45 (Fr.20); MIR 312b (21 spec.); Strack 415; RHC 102:48
ex Bolaffi Ambassador auction

This issue commemorates the third donative upon Trajan's return to Rome in AD 107 after the second Dacian war.
2 commentsCharles S
Uncia Emision anónima.jpg
01-09 - Semi Uncia Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)56 viewsAE Semi Uncia 18 mm 3.9 gr
Anv: Cabeza de Mercurio vistiendo petasos alado viendo a derecha - Sin marca de valor.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" arriba.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1360 Pag.257 - Craw RRC #56/8 - Syd CRR #143f - BMCRR #277
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.56 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Velia, Lucania56 views305-290 BC (Period VII, Philistion Group)
AR Didrachm (22mm, 7.33g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Phrygian helmet decorated with griffin; palmette on neck-guard, Θ (Philistion) behind.
R: Lion standing right with head facing, devouring ram‘s head; grasshopper between Φ-I above, YEΛHTΩN in ex.
William 415; HN Italy 1305; SNG ANS 1361; SNG Ashmolean 1322-4
ex Praefectus Coins

Velia was never conquered by the Lucanians, and in 275 BC signed an alliance with Rome. However over the centuries the mouths of the two rivers between which the city was built silted up the harbor, resulting in a ruined trade. In time the city became surrounded by marshlands, malaria ensued, and its inhabitants moved away.
Velia had managed to withstand centuries of regional hostility, but withered before the forces of nature.
4 commentsEnodia
Vespasian H779v.JPG
Vespasian H.779v56 viewsSize: AE As
Obverse: Laureate Head
Reverse: Victory
Date: 69-79 AD
Reference: Hendin 779v
John K
Vespasian - Winged Caduceus56 viewsDenarius, 2.91 g, 19 mm, 6 h, 74 AD

Laureate head right

Reverse: PON MAX TR P COS V around a winged caduceus

Rome mint

4 commentsdrjbca
Vespasian AE Sestertius56 viewsOBV: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III
Laureate head right
Pax standing, holding branch and cornucopiae; S C to either side.
Date: 71 A.D. Rome Mint
26.5g. 33mm
RIC II 437
1 commentsmiffy
084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-05, AE-Sestertius, #0156 views084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-26-05, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-175, PM-5-26-5, Mus-
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6956 viewsĆ as (9.5g, Ř28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Vologases I SNG COP 200.jpg
Vologases I SNG COP 20056 viewsAE 12, 12mm, 1.39g.

Obverse: Diademed and bearded head of king L.

Reverse: Male figure L wearing short tunic, holding patera over altar, crescent in upper L field.

Lucilla (164 - 182 A.D.)56 viewsAR Denarius
R: VOTA / PVBLI / CA, Legend in three lines within wreathm dot in middle.
RIC III 791 RSC 98

6 commentsMat
York 156 viewsThe interior of the multangular tower with the holes visible in the wall for the false floor and late Roman stone sarcophagi in the base.mauseus
L. Thorius Balbus, Denarius55 viewsRome mint, 105 BC
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing a goat's skin, ISMR behind
Bull charging right, L above (control letter), L. THORIVS BALBVS in two lines at exergue
3.93 gr
Ref : RCV # 192, RSC, Thoria # 1
3 commentsPotator II
0035 - Denarius Cassius 63 BC55 viewsObv/Head of Vesta l. wearing veil and diadem; on l. dish, on l. control letter.
Rev/Voter l., dropping tablet marked V into cista; on r., LONGIN III V.

Ag, 22.1mm, 3.89g
Moneyer: L.Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 413/1 [dies o/r: 94/104] - BMCRR Rome 3931 - RSC Cassia 10 - Syd. 935.
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 156
3 commentsdafnis
AQUILIA SEVERA55 viewsAR denarius. 220-222 AD. 3.15 gr, 11h. Draped bust right. IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG. / Concordia standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding double cornucopiae; star in left field. CONCORDIA. RIC IV 225 (Elagabalus). RSC 2a.
GETA55 viewsAE sestertius. Rome, 211 AD. 28.05 gr. Laureate head right. P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT. / Fortuna seated left on throne, holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae, wheel under seat. FORT RED TR P III COS II P P S C. BMCRE 40. RIC 168a. Green patina.
Gemini III. Lot 425.
1 commentsbenito
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC55 viewsTetradrachm , 22mm, 16.85g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG, 262, Lot 95
2 commentsrobertpe
THRACE, LYSIMACHOS, Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC55 viewsAR Drachm, 17mm, 4.16 g, 12h
In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon; Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint.

O. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
R. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion head left above E; monogram below throne

Thompson 93 corr. (lion head, not forepart); Price 1993; Müller 332
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-031, #0155 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-031, #01
avers:- Illegible legend; cross with crescents in the angles; border of dots.,
revers:-Lines in place of legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,6mm, weight: 0,43g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-031, CHN-1-048, Huszar-040
Antoninus Pius, Denarius 55 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P , laureate head right
COS IIII, Peace standing left, holding spceptre and olive branch
3.0 gr
Cohen # 258
Potator II
Commodus, Middle bronze - 009555 viewsRome mint, AD 190
M COMM ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT PP, laureate head right
APOL MONETAE P M TR P XV IMP VIII, Apollo, standing right, leaning on column. COS- VI and S-C in field
11.06 gr, 26 mm
Ex. Pscipio
1 commentsPotator II
Didius Julianus AR Denarius55 viewsRIC IVa 3, RSC 15, BMC 7
2.81 g, 17 mm x 18 mm
IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed right
RECTOR ORBIS, Didius standing left, holding globe & roll
2 commentsMark Z2
Gordian III, Sestertius55 viewsSestertius minted in Rome, AD 241/243
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind
IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing, looking right, holding thuderbolt and sceptre. S C in field
20,18 gr
Ref : Cohen #111, RCV # 8710, RIC # 298a
Potator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459a/1438 A.D., #0155 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459a/1438 A.D., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: C-K (Pohl),
date:1438 A.D., ref: Unger-459a, CNH-2-134, Huszar-591,
China, Qing Dynasty, Emperor Wen Zong, 1851-186155 viewsChina, Qing Dynasty, Emperor Wen Zong, 1851-1861, AE 10 Cash (33mm • 14.51gm), Zhili (Chihli) Province.

O: Xian Feng Tong Bao. R: "Value 10, Bao Zhi". F-VF.
1 commentsecoli
Claudius Gothicus, Antoninianus55 viewsMediolanum mint, 1st officina, AD 268-270
IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
PROVID AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopiae. P at exergue
5.30 gr 18-21 mm
Ref : RIC V, Part 1, 163, RCV # 11361
Ex. Pscipio
2 commentsPotator II
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Hadriannopolis, Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,55 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Hadriannopolis, Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,
avers:- AYT-K-M-AYP-CEV-ANTΩ-NEINOC, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Homonia left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 12,25g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554,
1 commentsquadrans
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III 2094, AE-19, CEPΔΩN, Harpokrates standing left, 55 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III 2094, AE-19, CEPΔΩN, Harpokrates standing left,
avers:- AYT K M AV CEV ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- CEPΔΩN, Harpokrates standing left, right hand raised to his shoulder, holding cornucopia in left hand.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 4,31g, axis: 1h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov III 2094, p-236,
1 commentsquadrans
Probus, Antoninianus - 007055 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius II Gothicus Antoninianus55 viewsRIC Vb 225 Antioch 268 A.D.
3.42 g, 20 mm x 21 mm
IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate head left
VIRTVS AVG, Minerva standing right, holding spear, resting hand on shield
Mark Z
Gordian III55 viewsRef Gordian III AR Antoninianus, RIC 86, RSC 121
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing right with wreath & rudder . RSC 121.
4.7 g.

better photo
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Trajan Denarius - Trajan's Column (RIC II 292)55 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 113-117AD

Obv: Laureate draped bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: TRAJAN'S COLUMN surmounted by statue of Trajan and two eagles at base.

An unfortunate but nevertheless interesting example of a tooled silver coin. Tooling visible on both sides but especially in reverse fields, legend and on column.

RIC II 292 RSC 558
1 commentsKained but Able
661. Julia Domna denarius55 viewsRome Mint, 210 Ad
20 mm, VF
IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, floormat on head
VENVS VICTRIX, half naked Venus, holding helmet and palm, leaning on column, shield at feet
55 viewsAntonivs Protti
ORBIANA55 viewsAE Sestertius. 17.28 gm, 12h. Struck 225 AD. Diademed and draped bust right. SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG / Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera in extended right hand and cradling double cornucopiae in left arm. CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S C in exergue. RIC IV 655 (Severus Alexander); Banti 1; BMCRE 293 (Severus Alexander); Cohen 4.
Triton VIII, Lot: 1056 . From the Michael Weller Collection. Ex Leo Benz Collection (Lanz 100, 20 November 2000), lot 199; George Bauer Collection (Glendining, 23 January 1963), lot 1378; M. L. Vierordt Collection (J. Schulman, 5 March 1923), lot 2068 ; H. C. Hoskier Collection (J. Hirsch XX, 13 November 1907).
4 commentsbenito
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 55 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
Empress, AVKTR(?) and ΠPY55 viewsBITHYNIA. Prusias (?). Domitian (?). Ć 27. A.D. 81-96 (?). Laureate bust right (?); 2 countermarks: (1) to left, (2) to right. Countermark (3). Weight: 8.18 g. Note: All coins noted by Howgego with these countermarks are from Domitian and are attributed to Prusias or Bithynia in Genere CM (1): Head of empress, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 217 (1 pcs). CM(2): Monogram of AVKTP (?), in rectangular punch, 6 x 4 mm. Howgego 608 (8 pcs). CM(3): Monogram of ΠPY, in rectangular punch, 7 x 6.5 mm.Howgego 630 (3 pcs). The order of application appears to have been (3)-(2)-(1) may be implied (also be consistent if (1) is Faustina Jr., and if (2) reads “AVTOKPATWP TPAIAN…”). Collection Automan.Automan
PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos55 viewsPAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. Circa 380-325 BC.

Greek ASPENDOS, modern BELKIS, ancient city of Pamphylia, now in southwestern Turkey. It is noted for its Roman ruins. A wide range of coinage from the 5th century BC onward attests to the city's wealth. Aspendus was occupied by Alexander the Great in 333 BC and later passed from Pergamene to Roman rule in 133 BC. According to Cicero, it was plundered of many of its artistic treasures by the provincial governor Verres. The hilltop ruins of the city include a basilica, an agora, and some rock-cut tombs of Phrygian design. A huge theatre, one of the finest in the world, is carved out of the northeast flank of the hill. It was designed by the Roman architect Zeno in honour of the emperor Marcus Aurelius (reigned AD 161-180)

The present-day Belkiz was once situated on the banks of the River Eurymedon, now known as the Kopru Cay. In ancient times it was navigable; in fact, according to Strabo, the Persians anchored their ships there in 468 B.C., before the epic battle against the Delian Confederation.

It is commonly believed that Aspendos was founded by colonists from Argos. One thing is certain: right from the beginning of the 5th century, Aspendos and Side were the only two towns to mint coins. An important river trading port, it was occupied by Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. because it refused to pay tribute to the Macedonian king. It became an ally of Rome after the Battle of Sipylum in 190 B.C. and entered the Roman Empire.

The town is built against two hills: on the "great hill" or Buyuk Tepe stood the acropolis, with the agora, basilica, nymphaeum and bouleuterion or "council chamber". Of all these buildings, which were the very hub of the town, only ruins remain. About one kilometer north of the town, one can still see the remains of the Roman aqueduct that supplied Aspendos with water, transporting it from a distance of over twenty kilometers, and which still maintains its original height.

Aspendos' theatre is the best preserved Roman theatre anywhere in Turkey. It was designed during the 2nd century A.D. by the architect Zeno, son of Theodore and originally from Aspendos. Its two benefactors— the brothers Curtius Crispinus and Curtius Auspicatus —dedicated it to the Imperial family as can be seen from certain engravings on the stones. Discovered in 1871 by Count Landskonski during one of his trips to the region, the theatre is in excellent condition thanks to the top quality of the calcareous stone and to the fact that the Seljuks turned it into a palace, reinforcing the entire north wing with bricks. Its thirty-nine tiers of steps—96 meters long—could seat about twenty thousand spectators. At the top, the elegant gallery and covered arcade sheltered spectators. One is immediately struck by the integrity and architectural distinction of the stage building, consisting of a Irons scacnae which opens with five doors onto the proscenium and scanned by two orders of windows which also project onto the outside wall. There is an amusing anecdote about the construction of this theatre—in which numerous plays are still held, given its formidable acoustics — and the aqueduct just outside the town: in ancient times, the King of Aspendos had a daughter of rare beauty named Semiramis, contended by two architects; the king decided to marry her off to the one who built an important public work in the shortest space of time. The two suitors thus got down to work and completed two public works at the same time: the theatre and the aquaduct. As the sovereign liked both buildings, he thought it right and just to divide his daughter in half. Whereas the designer of the aquaduct accepted the Solomonic division, the other preferred to grant the princess wholly to her rival. In this way, the sovereign understood that the designer of the theatre had not only built a magnificent theatre— which was the pride of the town—, but would also be an excellent husband to his daughter; consequently he granted him her hand in marriage

AR Stater (21mm, 10.76 g). Two wrestlers grappling; DA between / Slinger to right; triskeles in field. Tekin Series D; SNG France 87 (same reverse die). Ex-CNG B9FV15E
1 commentsecoli
153b Julianus-II. (360-363), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imiatation, #5155 views153b Julianus-II. (360-363), Sirmium ???, RIC VIII 106-107 ???, AE-1, SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, Barbarous Imiatation, #51
avers:- confusing text, Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- confusing text, two stars above,
exergo: /-//confusing text, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 6,18g, axis: 1h,
mint: Sirmium (Barbar), date: ???, ref: RIC VIII 106-107 ???,
1 commentsquadrans
German States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A.55 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A. FRIDERICHUS BORUSSORUM REX, bust right / EIN REICHSTHALER, crowned eagle with wings open, flags right, mint-mark A divides date below.

KM 32
1793 AE Halfpenny Token. Emsworth, Hampshire.55 viewsObverse: PEACE AND PLENTY. Dove carrying olive-branch flying above cornucopia spilling out the fruits of the earth.
Reverse: HALFPENNY. Britannia, portrayed as a helmeted, plumed and draped female figure wearing a breastplate emblazoned with the union flag, seated facing left on tea-chest; her right hand resting on a terrestrial globe and her left arm on an anchor; a crowned lion, it's head turned facing, reclining left at her feet; in exergue, 1793.
Edge: “CURRENT EVERY WHERE ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦".
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 11

Issued by John Stride, a grocer and tea dealer from Hampshire, this token was manufactured by Peter Kempson in Birmingham and the dies were engraved by Thomas Wyon. This token is a mule of the reverse of Dalton & Hamer 10 (Hampshire), here used as the obverse and the reverse of Dalton & Hamer 11. It may have originally been intended that these mules would be sold to collectors, but as a large number exist it seems that they must have been sold to merchants and entered general circulation.
1893 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY55 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1893 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius55 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
Republic of Cuba. .9000 Silver 10-Centavos 1920.55 viewsRepublic of Cuba. .9000 Silver 10-Centavos 1920. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, National arms / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, star and rays.

.0723 oz. ASW
2.5 grams
KM A12
CCO (?),CAГ and Artemis55 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Laodiceia ad Mare. Domitian. Ć 25. A.D. 84/85 (year 132). Obv: (ΔOMETIANΩKAICAPICEBACTΩГEPMANIKOΩ, BΛP in front of bust) or similar. Laureate head left; 3 countermarks: (1) before face, (2) on neck, (3) on neck, on top of (2). Rev: (IOYΛIEΩNTΩN)-KAI-(ΛAOΔIKEΩN), or similar, uncertain letters in field. Veiled and turreted bust of city-goddess right. Ref: RPC 2027-2030. Axis: 30°. Weight: 8.45 g. CM(1): CCO (?) in shaped punch, 6 x 3 mm. Howgego -. Note: May be a blundered variant form of Howgego 586, which reads "COL". CM(2): CAГ in rectangular punch, 6 x 3.5 mm. Howgego 581 (116 pcs). CM(3): Artemis, bust right, quiver over shoulder, in rectangular punch, 3.5 x 5 mm. Howgego 181 (15 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Septimius Severus, Stobi55 viewsIMP L SEP - SEVERVS
Laureate draped bust right

Victory standing facing, head right, wearing radiate crown, holding long torch
entwined with serpent (Demeter) in right hand, and cornucopia (Tyche/Fortuna) in left hand.

Ae 28mm; 13.91g
Josifovski 142 (V28, R28); Kuzmanovic 262 - Nominal III
EIPH (monogram of)55 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Valerian. Ć 28 (8 Assaria). A.D. 253-256. Obv: AVTKΠΛI-(OVAΛEPIANOCCEB) or sim. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: I-PH(NOΠO-ΛITWNΔC) or sim., H in field. Dionysus, holding thyrsos and kantharos, standing behind two panthers. Ref: SNG Aul 5597. Axis: 210°. Weight: 25.56 g. Note: This specimen is remarkably thick and heavy. The average for 87 specimens of this denomination noted by Ziegler (1993) is only 17.6 g. CM: Monogram of EIPH (?), in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 616 (7 pcs). Note: Likely applied after the city ceased issuing its own coins. Collection Automan.Automan
Constantius II 55 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. TRP (crescent) in ex. RIC 359? var. or 358


The mint mark is missing but the style matches Trier
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Laureate bust right55 viewsSYRIA or SAMARIA (?). Uncertain mint. Titus or Domitian (?). Ć 23. 70s-80s A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark on head. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 10.78 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 133 ? (17 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Anchor55 viewsTitus and Domitian, 79-81 A.D.
Germe, Lydia
Bronze AE 16
F, 3.038g, 17.3mm, 0*, RPC 930, SNG Cop 135, BMC Lydia -

obv. AYTO KAI CEBAC, Laureate head if Titus right
rev. AYTO KAI CEBAC, Laureate head of Domitian right

Each side countermarked with uncertain object within round punch. One probably an anchor.
randy h2
OTACILIA SEVERA, sesterzio (244-249 d.C.)55 viewsOtacilia Severa (Filippo I), sesterzio (244-249 d.C.), zecca di Roma.
AE, 20.168g, 30.2mm, 0°. MB (F)
D/ MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademata, con il busto drappeggiato a dx.
R/ PIETAS AVGVSTAE S C, Pietas che si leva in piedi a sx alzante mano dx e la scatola del profumo.
RIC 208a
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (28 dicembre 2007, numero catalogo 113); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2007)
Vespasian-RIC-145655 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1456 (R), BMC p. 99, RSC 68, RPC 852 (5 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, star

This type is from one of the last major series minted at Ephesus. Also minted at Rome but here distinguished by an ornate high back chair.

Despite this denarius having a few flaws and a cracked flan, the major devices are intact and the details of the reverse are quite well preserved, especially the cornucopiae and the poppies.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
Poland. August III 1733 - 1763. Coper 3-solidi (1 grosz) 1738 & 1753.55 viewsPoland. August III 1733 - 1763. Coper 3-solidi (1 grosz) 1738 & 1753. AVGVSTVS III REX POL, bust right / EL SAX & date, crowned arms.

KM 2
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius55 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
Thrace, Maroneia AE16mm (5.6g).55 viewsThrace, Maroneia AE16mm (5.6g).
Obverse: Head of Dionysos, wreathed in ivy
Reverse: Dionysos standing left holding bunch of grapes and thyrsos.2173

2 commentsAntonivs Protti
BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia. Circa 475-425 BC.55 viewsAR Nomos, Noe, Caulonia Group F, 78 (same dies); HN Italy 2046. BMC 42, aVF, 7.9 g, 19 mm,. Apollo advancing right, holding branch; [small daimon] running right on Apollo's left arm; to right, stag standing right, head reverted / Stag standing right; KAV above in retrograde, leaf to right.

Ex Holyland
2 commentsPhiloromaos
Germany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1935-A. Two examples.55 viewsGermany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1935-A. Two examples. Potsdam Garrison Church, mint below / DEUTSCHES REICH 5 REICHSMARK, Eagle divides date.

KM 83
Hadrian Denarius - Neptune (RIC II 158)55 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 119-138 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian (R)

Rev: NEPTUNE standing (L) cloak over (R) thigh holding trident and aristolium. Foot on prow of ship, COS III in exergue.

RIC II 158 RSC 309
Kained but Able
Before and after 55 viewsBefore and after judaea capta1 commentsMaritima
zoo55 viewsNervousRex
abdul hamid.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - ABDUL HAMID I55 viewsAbdul Hamid I 1187 AH (1774 AD) Silver Para 14 mm, 0.31 g. dpaul7
EGYPT - Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid I55 viewsEGYPT - Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid I, Billon Para, 1781. KM #121.dpaul7
AE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, #155 viewsAE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, #1
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 28x29x0,2mm, weight: 1,48g, axis: 0h,
mint: ???, date: 4th-5th centuries A.D., ref: ???,
Aegina. Circa 456-431 BC. AR Stater (19mm, 12.31 gm)..jpg
Islands off Attica. Aegina.55 viewsStater
Circa 456-431 BC.
Milbank pl II, 12; Dewing 1683;cf.SNG Copenhagen 516.
Jan Terje Rafdal
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 323-281 B.C.55 viewsSilver drachm, Price L1 variety, VF, 4.16g, 17.4mm, 180o, Lysimacheia? mint, 301 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in lion skin; reverse LUSIMACOU, Zeus seated left on throne holding eagle and scepter, in left field forepart of lion and monogram, monogram under throne; very rare variety1 commentssalem
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm55 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Miletos mint55 viewsBronze AE 1/4 Unit, Price 2102Ab, weight 1.1g, max. diameter 11.65 mm, Miletos mint, Posthumous issue c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obv. Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟ[Υ], bow in case above, club and stalk of grain below. Dark brown and green patina with some earthen residue. Appears to have little or no wear! (much better in hand) Very scarce denomination from this mint.1 commentsSteve E
alexander the great, AE1955 views19mm, 6.93g1 commentsareich
AE 22.44 mm 6.9 g
(ex W. Peters)
BMC 60
1 commentslaney
PORTUGAL - Alfonso V55 viewsPORTUGAL - Alfonso V (1438-1481) Copper 1/2-Real Preto. Lisbon mint. Reference: VAZ-a5.12(x).
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .2220 Silver Groschens. 1863-A, 1864-A, 1865-A, 1866-A, 1867-A, 1869-A, 1871-A, 1871-B, 1871-C, 1872-A.55 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .2220 Silver Groschens. 1863-A, 1864-A, 1865-A, 1866-A, 1867-A, 1869-A, 1871-A, 1871-B, 1871-C, 1872-A. WILHELM KOENIG VON PREUSSEN, head right / 30 EINEN THALER, 1 SILBER GROSCHEN, SCHEIDE MUNZE.

KM 485
Amisos, Pontos AE 20 SNG BM1202, Cista Mystica55 viewsOBV: Head of youthful Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy
REV: AMISOU, Cista mystica with panther skin, diadem and thyrsos. Monogram to left
8.8g, 21mm

Minted at Amisos, 85-65 BC
5 commentsLegatus
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople55 viewsHyperpyron
Obv: Virgin Orans within City, Four Towers
Rev: Christ Crowning Emperors
Weight: 3.4 grams
Sear 2396
Sear 1836 (with Mardin c/m 14)55 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class D Follis, weight 7.42g, diameter 28mm. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 14 countermark on the obverse, the word Imad [= ‘pillar’, part of an honorific]: Zengid, attributed to Imad al-din [‘Pillar of the Faith’] Zengi II, the atabeg of Sinjar and Nisibin, 1169 -1197 CE. Probably mint of Nisibin. Abu Galyon
Antoniniano Forrado Gordiano III RIC 209.jpg
70-15 - FILIPO I "El Arabe" (244 - 249 D.C.)55 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANTIGUA
Antoniniano Forrado 22 mm 4.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP M IV[L P]HIL[IPPVS A]VG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FIDES MILIT" - Fides de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, un estandarte legionario en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuńada Aprox. 244 - 245 D.C.
Ceca: Desconocida

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #32b Pag.72 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8932 - Cohen Vol.V #55 Pag.100 - RSC Vol. IV #55 Pag.12 - DVM #12 Pag.227
Antoninus Pius denarius55 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 55 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ř33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
[318apo] Apollonia, Illyria, Greece, c. 200 - 80 B.C.55 viewsSilver drachm, BMC 39, VF, Apollonia mint, 3.052g, 17.4mm, 180o, c. 200 - 80 B.C.; Obverse: XENOKLHS, cow left, head turned, suckling calf right; Reverse: APOL / CAI-RH-NOS, double stellate pattern, within a slightly curved double linear square. Ex FORVM.

"This type circulated alongside, and presumably at parity with, Roman Republican denarii," Joe Sermarini, FORVM.

Apollonia in Illyria (modern Albania), known as Apollonia (Aπολλωνία κατ' Επίδαμνον or Απολλωνία προς Επιδάμνω), was located on the right bank of the Aous, the ruins of which are situated in the Fier region, near the village of Pojan (Pojani). It was founded in 588 BC by Greek colonists from Kerkyra (Corfu) and Corinth, and was perhaps the most important of the several classical towns known as Apollonia (Απολλωνία). The site was already used by Corinthian traders and the Taulantii, an Illyrian tribe, who remained closely involved with the settlement for centuries and lived alongside the Greek colonists. The city was said to have originally been named Gylaceia after Glyax, its founder, but the name was later changed to honour the god Apollo.

Apollonia flourished under Roman rule and was noted by Cicero in his Philippics as magna urbs et gravis, a great and important city.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,_Illyria

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Arpi, Apulia, (3rd.cent. B.C.), AE-22, SNG-Budapest Vol-I.Part-I. 520, APΠANΩN, boar right, spear above,55 viewsArpi, Apulia, (3rd.cent. B.C.), AE-22, SNG-Budapest Vol-I.Part-I. 520, APΠANΩN, boar right, spear above,
avers:- Laureate head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind.
revers:- APΠANΩN, boar right, spear above.
exerg: -/-//APΠANΩN, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 7,34g, axes: 4h,
mint: Arpi, Apulia, date: 3rd.cent. B.C., ref: SNG-Budapest Vol-I.Part-I. 520,p-104, SNGCop 603, SNG ANS 635ff.
1 commentsquadrans
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm, 450-400 BC. * Specimen 255 views
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica, Thrace: Specimen 2.

Obv: Gorgoneion facing.
Rev: Inverted anchor with crayfish in left field, monogram A in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Apollonia Pontica
Struck: 450-400 BC.

Size: 15.80 x 13.025 mm.
Weight: 3.27 grams
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Worn and as shown in photographs, but still remarkable and impressive coin.

Sear, 1655(v)
1 commentsTiathena
AS Augusto RIC 427.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)55 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
AS NERVA RIC 86_1.jpg
23-10 - NERVA (96 - 98 D.C.)55 viewsAE AS 27 mm 11.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERTAS PVBLICA - S C" - Libertas (La Libertad) de pié a izquierda, portando largo cetro apoyado en brazo izquierdo y Pileus (Gorro de los esclavos) en mano derecha.
Nerva mantuvo siempre que él había "Liberado" a Roma de la tiranía de Domitiano, y restaurado el régimen constitucional.

Acuńada Sep./Dic. 96 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #64 Pag.227 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3064 Pag.91 - BMCRE p.17,* - Cohen Vol.II #108 Pag.10 - DVM #33 Pag.118 - CBN #85
Roman Empire, Nero, AE As, Rome mint, struck 67 AD55 viewsIMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERMANIC. Laureate head right
S-C. Victoria flying left with shield inscribed S P Q R
RIC 368; Cohen 300
Ascalon Trajan.jpg
Ascalon (Ashkelon, Israel) - Trajan55 viewsCEBAC[TOC] , laureate bust of Trajan right.
ACLAΛΩ , female deity standing left holding standard and aphlaston (WTF ?) ; to the left, an altar ; to the right, a dove, and ΔIC : year 214 = 110-111 AD.
23 mm.

The dove is the sacred bird of the godess Derketo. The deity standing on this reverse may be a tyche, but may be Derketo too.
Athens Tetradrachm55 viewsTetradrachm (AR), 17.05g, 28mm, 6h. Ca. 449-404. Berry 66. Flament pl. 26, 8.

After Minos' suggestion I investigated the deposit in Athena's ear and below the earring. Under 12.5X it seemed to be some kind of waxy deposit rather than horn silver as I thought. Removed with a coctail toothpick under magnification with really smooth moves. I believe this was remains of wax somebody used to protect (?) the coin. I am astonished that previous owner + auction houses didn't try to clean it as it clearly made the coin look a bit odd. All in all, I am even happier with my Athena now.
1 commentspaparoupa
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS55 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
Augustus, RIC 249, barbaric imitation55 viewsAugustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AE - quadrans(?), 2.47g, 17mm
struck in the name of Germanus Indutilli L
Eastern Gaul, 'barbaric mint', c. AD 10
obv. Head of Germanus, diademed, r.
Bull, butting l.
cf. RIC I, 249; AMC 459ff.; RPC 506 (for official issue!)
F+, interesting barbaric style

Germanus Indutilli Libertus seems to be a Trever, who was allowed to issue coins in Northern Gaul. Lit.: H.W.Doppler, Über die Germanus Indutilli L.-Prägung, in 'GNS 17, 1967, pp.90-94'.
Addition April 2014 (Francis Jarman): According to J.M.Doyen in "Archeologie urbaine a Reims 7 (2008)" attributes this coin to the Remi, minted in Durocortorum Remorum (Reims.
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 381, Rome, AE-Dupondius, Cn.Piso Cn.F, Large S•C,55 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 381, Rome, AE-Dupondius, Cn.Piso Cn.F, Large S•C,
avers:- AVGVSTVS/TRIBVNIC/POTEST in three line, Legend in wreath.
revers:- CN-PISO-(CN-F-IIIVIR)-AAAFF around large S•C.
exe: S•C//--, diameter: 24,5-25,5 mm, weight: 6,45g, axis:11h,
mint: Rome, date: 15 B.C., ref: RIC-I-381, C
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,55 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
Aurelian55 viewsIMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

Sol advancing left, holding whip and extending hand; at feet to left and right, bound captives. S in left field, XXIV in exergue

EF with almost full silvering left
summer 275 AD

Unpublished variant RIC 255 "S" in field

Wildwinds example

Jay GT4
Azes II BI tetradrachm, 30-5 BC55 viewsAzes II
Indo-Scythian Kingdom
BI tetradrachm
35-5 BC
Azes II on horseback r, holding whip and raising r. hand
Zeus standing l, holding Nike and sceptre.
Mitchiner 2406
2 commentsArdatirion
Ptolemy XII55 viewsPtolemy XIII Auletes 81-50 BC

Obverse:Head of Zeus right
Reverse:ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ;Two eagles with closed wings standing left at thunderbolt;Isis headdress at top of monogram at left field

22.71mm 6.94gm

Svoronos 1842
Barbarous, Constantine I 55 viewsVICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP

with what looks like CONSTNNT-NSNNG on obv. and E?SIS in ex
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Belt Ornament AE-Propeller #00255 viewsBelt Ornament AE-Propeller #002
type: Propeller AE with central ridge and 6 circle to decoration
size: 35x23mm,
weight: 4,47g,
date: 4th. century A.D.,
ref: ???,
distribution: ???,
Two small pieces of the Berlin Wall55 viewsThe Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.2 commentsNoah
Caracalla AE34 Provincial55 viewsCaracalla --Pisidia, Antioch. Ć 34mm (28.52 gm). IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / COL CAES ANTIOCH, S R across field, Męn standing facing, head right, holding long sceptre and Nike on globe. Krzyzanowska pl. XXII, XXVII. 06/08/20011 commentsfeatherz
Bohemia-Moravia55 viewsKm4 - 1 Koruna - 1943Daniel Friedman
N1. Helena Constantinople RIC VII, 11 R255 viewsAe3 3.1 gm 18.5 mm Struck: 326-328 Mark: B/CONS
Diademed and mantled bust, right with necklace
Securitas standing left, lowering branch and raising robe with right hand.
J5. Claudius, Common, 50-54 AD.55 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P
Bare head, left.
Rev: S C
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield.
As 10.9 gm 28.5 mm Mint: Rome RIC 116
Comment: Attributed toward the end of his reign when he added PATER PATRIA to his imperial titles.
5h. Seventy-nine Knobbed Base Metal Ring55 views14.3 gm 36 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC.
The text-book definition of why knobs and value are related to neither weight nor dimension when compared to the ring shown just previous. To my mind it must solidify the theory that the relative value of these rings (coins) were dictated by a social class recognized and respected by the Celtic peoples, which I believe (without fact) were the priestly caste. This coin is considered extremely rare.
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