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J22-Trajan Dupondius.jpg
Trajan, Æ dupondius, “Fortuna”, 98-117 CE59 viewsOrichalcum (bronze) dupondius of Trajan (98 - 117 CE), 26 mm, 11.02 grams, commemorating the Flavian victory in Judaea. Rome mint 114-117.

Obverse: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, His radiate and draped bust to right.
Reverse: SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, FORT RED in ex. S. C. Fortune seated left with rudder & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC vol II p 290, 653, Cohen 160, BMC 1029, Hill 719.

Added to collection: September 11, 2005
Daniel Friedman
james i.jpg
ENGLAND - JAMES I59 viewsJames I hammered shilling, silver. Very nice!dpaul7
EPIRUS, DESPOTATE OF - JOHN II ORSINI59 viewsEPIRUS, DESPOTATE OF - JOHN II ORSINI (1323-1335 AD) Frankish Greece, Despotate of Epirus, billon denier –
Arata, + IOh’s DESPOTVS, cross patée/+DE ARTA CASTV, castle tournois. Reference: Malloy 115.
Ex Ardatirion Collection.
KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Cleopatra Selene. 59 viewsObverse: REX IVBA, Diademed head of Juba right
Reverse: BACCILICCA KLEOP[ATPA], Star and crescent
Mint : Caesarea
Date : Struck circa 16-17 AD
Reference : MAA 85; SNG Copenhagen 590; Mazard 300
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.96 g
Denom : Denarius
Dealer : Baldwin's
Comments : Juba was married to the only surviving child of Cleopatra VII, Selene (goddess of the moon). This may be a reference to Juba's wife depicted on the reverse.
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria59 viewsIVLIA A/VGVSTA
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Cohen IV 264-265, BMCG 7, SNG Cop 333, Lingren 1146
Josifovski 155, same dies (V12, R12), citing specimen in Petersburg 2950
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #159 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #1
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, in right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak
exergo: S CONST •,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-320, R!
Julian II the Philosopher59 viewsD N FL CL IVLIANVS
draped and cuirassed bust of Julian right

bull walking right, two stars above, CYZA in exergue

AE1 7.73g

LRBC 2511

Ex-Calgary Coin

1 commentsJay GT4
King George V Medal.JPG
British End of War Medal, King George V59 viewsBritish Civilian medal issued in 1919 to commemorate the end of The Great War.
Obverse: QUEEN MARY- KING / GEORGE / V, Juggate busts of Queen Mary and King George left, both wearing ornate crowns.
Reverse: PEACE-VICTORY / THE GREAT WAR, Victory standing facing holding dove and wreath, scene of farmer plowing left, and soldier with artillary gun right.
Dated 1919
38mm, 18.8gm
1 commentsJerome Holderman
Mysia, Lampsakos, diobol59 views12mm, 1.27g
obv: janiform female head
rev: helmeted head of Athena right
6 commentsareich
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Amphipolis mint c. 294-290 BC59 viewsAR 4Dr., 27mm, 17.04g, VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔP[OY] Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, right leg drawn back. Thunderbolt and I (Z) in left field, dolphin below throne.
Price 501; Müller 16
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
7260 Prusias I, 228-185 BC59 viewsBronxe Ć28, 26mm, 11.01g, VF
Laureate head Apollo left / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Winged Athena standing left holding shield and crowning King's name, monogram inner left. Mechanically cleaned in fields.
Ex: Lakeview Collection.
Sear 7260; BMC Pontus, pg 209, #4; SNG von Aulock 6881; SNG Cop 625
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII59 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC


Purchased as a low budget LEG XII upon viewing in hand it is definately a 13th Legion

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I. Latin monogram in wreath, rare59 viewsLeo (Augustus)
DN LEO PER AVG - Pearl diademed bust draped and cuirassed bust right.
None - Latin monogram within wreath
Minted in Cyzicus (457-474)
RIC X 690, Rare
This is a wonderful example of a Leo monogram coin. For the period, this is about as good as it gets!
1 commentsCoinScrubber
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!59 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-CAESS, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,, R1!,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 015, -/-//HTE, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, R2!!59 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 015, -/-//HTE, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, R2!!
avers:- IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG, 2,J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 7 layer of stones.
exergo: -/-//HTE, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,59g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, 5th. off., date: 316-317 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-15, p544, R2!!
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius * Jupiter, Æ Follis - 313-315 AD.59 views
Licinius * Jupiter, Bronze Follis

Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG * Laureate head right facing
Rev: IOVI CON - SERVATORI * Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, and scepter in his left hand, with an Eagle holding a wreath in beak at his feet, to the right, Monogram A in the right field.

Exergue: SIS

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 313-315 AD.

Size: 21 mm.
Weight: 3.83 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful. Dark patina and great clarity in all. Much nicer in hand than the image shows.

The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, 8
(RIC 8)

Licinius I SECURITAS London mint59 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
Anonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. Lion59 viewsAnonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. 18-22mm, 10.94g. Obv: lion walking left on ground line, the lion has his front paw placed upon an object, probably a bucranium, crescent and star (?) above. Ex Rutten & Wieland.
2 commentsPodiceps
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 189059 views"SPL" (or "SPI"?) monogram on high grade host coin.
Ex-"oscarsaab" (eBay). (11,334,027).
Lucius Verus - RIC-55559 viewsAR Denarius (19mm - 3.4g). Rome mint, Dec 165 to Summer 166 AD. L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right / PAX AVG TR P VI COS II, Pax standing left holding branch & cornucopia. RSC 127, BMC 4203 commentsBud Stewart
Lucilla ( 164 - 182 A.D.)59 viewsAR Denarius
O: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right.
R: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia veiled standing left.
RIC 780

Ex Tom Vossen
5 commentsMat
Marcus Aurelius, RIC 912, Sestertius of AD 16559 viewsĆ Sestertius (26.8g, Ř 33mm, 12h), Rome mint, struck between August and December of the year AD 165.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate bust of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Rev.: TR POT XIX IMP III COS III (around edge) S C (in field), Providentia standing l., holding a wand and a long sceptre; globe at her feet.
RIC 912 (S); BMCRE 1248; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali III-1) 421 (8 spec.)
ex Cayón auction June 2009.
Charles S
Malta Jean de la Vallete59 viewsAV.Zecchino.3.35 g
MALTA,under the knights.Fra.Jean de la Vallete 1557-1568..

F'IOANNES DE VALLETE MI, Knight kneeling before St.John The Baptist.
Reverse.DA MICHI VIRTVTEM CONTRA HOSTES TVO, Christ standing in mandorla containing nine stars
2 commentsTanit
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0470var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,59 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0470var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, (no leaning on column !) holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-470var. (Ant. Pius), p-88, RSC-703, Strack A318,
F59 viewsMarcian AE4

Attribution: S.4327, VM 12
Date: AD 450-457
PF AVG, draped and cuirassed
bust r.
Reverse: No legend,
Monogram of emperor within
wreath, + above, CON in exergue
Size: 11.3 mm

Flavius Valerius Marcianus was born circa AD 396. Following the death of Theodosius II in AD 450, the choice of a successor was left to the late emperor’s sister Pulcheria. She selected Marcian, a senator ad distinguished soldier of humble origin. Having give him her hand in marriage, she crowned him in the Palace of Hebdomon on August 25th. Upon becoming Emperor, Marcian repudiated the embarrassing payments of tribute to Attila the Hun (AD 434–453), which the latter had been accustomed to receiving from Theodosius II in order to refrain from attacks on the Eastern Empire. Aware that he could never capture the eastern capital of Constantinople, Attila turned to the west and waged his famous campaigns in Gaul (AD 451) and Italy (AD 452) while leaving Marcian's dominions alone. Marcian proved himself a wise and generous emperor and his rule was a time of peace for the Eastern Empire. In AD 451, the famous Fourth Ecumenical Council was held at Chalcedon for which his reign is perhaps best remembered. Marcian died on January 27, AD 457 of disease, possibly gangrene contracted during a long religious journey. He was buried in the church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople, together with Pulcheria. Despite his short reign and his writing off of the west, Marcian is considered one of the best of the early Eastern Roman Emperors. The Eastern Orthodox Church recognizes him and his wife Pulcheria as saints, with their feast day on February 17.
59 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Sestertius.
Reign: Emperor, A.D. 161-180
Denomination: Ć Sestertius.
Diameter: 31 mm.
Weight: 25.46 grams.
Mint: Struck in Rome, A.D. 158-9.
Obverse: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG. PII F. Head, bare, right, bust draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: TR. POT. XIII COS. II S. C. Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium.
Reference: RIC (A. Pius) 187, 1349b. Cohen 741.
Ex Richard Graham Collection, Schulman Sale, June, 1966, #1896.
Mark Antony, AR Denarius, Athens 32 B.C,59 viewsSear 1477, ANTON AVG IMP III COS DES III III VRPC, bare head of Mark Antony to right; reverse M SILANVS AVG/Q PRO COS. 4 commentsOptimus
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562h, Madonna and child, #0259 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562h, Madonna and child, #02
avers:+mOnETA•mAThIE•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
revers: PATROnA-VnGARIAE, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, the child's right arm. (Legend variation!)
diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya, mint mark: K-K over Shield, by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (Pohl)
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562h, CNH-2-235A, Huszar-717,
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-563x, Madonna and child, #0159 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-563x, Madonna and child, #01
avers:m•mAThIE•R•hVnGARIE, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
revers: •PATROn-VnGAR•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, the child's right arm. (Legend variation!)
diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, mint mark: K-P/V,
date: 1470 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-563x, CNH-2-236, Huszar-716,
1 commentsquadrans
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c, Madonna and child, #0159 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c, Madonna and child, #01
avers: +mOnETA•mAThIE•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
revers: •PATROn-VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, the child's right arm. (Legend variation!)
diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya,(Kremnitz) mint mark: K-σ, Johannes Constorfer (by Pohl),
date: 1472-78 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c, CNH-2-234, Huszar-718,
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-556.b, , #0159 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-556.b, , #01
avers:- +•MONETA•MAThIE•D•EI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, raven with ring) in circle; border of dots.
revers:- REGIS•hV-nGARIAE•, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I); border of dots.
diameter: 15mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-I, (Pohl)
date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556.b, CNH-2-228, Huszar-706,
1 commentsquadrans
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #159 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
Maximinus II59 viewsAE Follis
Laureate head right

Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera & cornucopiae, * left, A right, ANT in ex.

Antioch 310 AD

Jay GT4
Maximinus Denarius59 viewssocalcoins
Medieval Brooch AE-004, Fibula #09259 viewsMedieval Brooch AE-004, Fibula #092
Flower (or 8 arms star) shape Brooch with lot of circle decoration,
mint: ???
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Apollonia Pontica59 views480 - 324 B.C.

150 years of Apollonia Pontica Medusa!
4 commentsJaimelai
Menander I Soter AE Square Chalkous59 viewsAttribution: Mitchiner 134, Type 239; of Pushkalavati, chief workshop; Bactria
Date: 155-130 BC
Obverse: Elephant head with trunk raised and bell suspended from neck
Reverse: Karosthi inscription (Maharajasa Tratasara Menandrasa) around club of Herakles, monogram to l., “A” to r.
Size: 14 mm
Weight: 2.93 grams
moneta 710 lg.jpg
Caracalla, Nicopolis AE2159 viewsobv: Laureate and draped bust right
rev: Tetrastyle temple with Serpais within
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nicopolis ad Istrum
1 commentsJericho
0760-0791 AH - Murad I - cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43 - Ottoman Mangir59 viewsSultan: Murad I (r. 1359-1389 AD)
Date: 1359-1389 AD (760-791 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

Reverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43
1.58g; 16.5mm; 135 or 315°
Magnvs Maximvs - Spes Romanorvm59 viewsArles
very scarce
1 commentsantvwala
Nero As, 64 AD.JPG
Nero As, 64 AD59 viewsNero, AD 54-68
AE - As 23 mm
64 AD
radiate head right
Genius standing half-left, sacrificing from patera over lighted altar & holding cornucopiae
RIC 215
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0072, Rome, AR-Denarius, SA-LVS, 59 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0072, Rome, AR-Denarius, SA-LVS,
avers: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P, laureate head right.
revers: SA-LVS, to either side of Salus seated left holding patera.
exerg: SA/LVS//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,34g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 67-68, ref: RIC I 0072, p-154, RSC-320, BMC-99,
BYZANTINE, Theodore I 1208-1222 Nicaea59 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor and St. Theodore with Patriarchal Cross Between Them
Sear 2061
Septimius Severus from Nikopolis59 viewsSeptimius Severus AE18 (3.1 g) from Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Obv: AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛIT-ΩN-ΠPOC IC, Nike with spread wings, leaning on column with left arm, holding a long palm in left arm and a wreath (?) in right hand.
Pick, AMNG I, 1, p. 378, no. 1371.
1 commentsPscipio
Augustus, RIC 158, medium bronze of 10 BC to AD 1059 viewsmedium bronze (dupondius ?) (12.6g, 25mm, 2h) Nemausus mint. Struck 10 BC - 10 AD.
Obv.: IMP DIVI F Agrippa laureate head left and Augustus laureate head right, back to back
Rev.: COL NEM crocodile chained to palm tree top bent to right, wreath at top.
RIC (Augustus) 158

COL NEM stands for COLONIA AVGVSTA NEMAVSVS (now the city of Nîmes, France), built by Augustus' army after their conquest and return from Egypt. The crocodile chained to the palm tree symbolizes the defeat of the Cleopatra and Marc Antony at Actium. This symbol is still used as the city's emblem in Nîmes today.
3 commentsCharles S
CHINA - PRE-QING - NURHACHI59 viewsCHINA - PRE-QING - NURHACHI (1616-1626) Abkai Fulinga. AE CAsh. Tian Ming Han Qian. Hartill #22.1.1 commentsdpaul7
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King59 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig, Vienna mint. Obv.: Warrior to right with sword and shield. Rev.: Embossing traces. Reference: Luschin #62.dpaul7
Plautilla - Venus and Cupid59 viewsDenarius 204
O/ PLAUTILLA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right with hair in horizontal waves and drawn into coiled plait on neck
R/ VENUS - VI-CTRIX Venus, naked to waist, standing half-left, holding apple and palm; at side, shield; before, Cupid standing, holding helmet
C 25 - RIC 369
Mint: Rome (7th off., 17th emission)
Volusianus 251-253 A.D.59 viewsObv:bust r. radiate wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev:horned altar behind two trees a palm tree and a fig tree on r.
Pantikapaion, Thrace, 325 - 310 B.C.59 viewsBronze AE 17, McDonald 67, SNG Puskin Museum 934-948, (SNG BM Black Sea 890), (SNG Cop 32), NGC Choice VF, Pantikapaion mint, weight 4.5g, max. diameter 17.4mm, Obv. beared head of saytr left; Rev. ΠAN, head of bull 3/4 left, (the bull's left horn continues off flan onto the sprue). Smooth clay-brown patina, rated by NGC 4/5 for strike and 4/5 for surface (some deposits) No longer encased in the plastic tomb.

Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsSteve E
Parthian Bronze 1.jpg
Small Bronze 159 viewsGotarzes II

Obverse: King's head L, bareheaded, diadem with rear ties.

Reverse: Seated archer (? - I can't see any bow) in square of dots

12mm, 1.26g.

Sellwood 65.48

Needs cleaning!
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Hadrian59 viewsObv:bust r. laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev: Tyche
Pharsalos, Thessaly Circa 400 BC, Hemidrachm59 viewsPharsalos, Thessaly Circa 400 BC, Hemidrachm

Helmeted head of Athena right "T-Theta" behind her neck

Horsehead right "FARS" around all within an incuse square

SNG Cop 223


Ex Aegean
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Philip I. FourrĂ©e Antoninianus59 viewsPhilip I. fourrée counterfeit antoninianus, struck after 247 AD.
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ears over modius and cornucopiae.
22 mm, 3.06 g.
Imitating RIC 28c

Picture and coin provenance: FORVM.
221-179 BC Philip V 59 viewsPhilip V
Obverse:Head of Zeus right
Reverse:Athena Alkidemos walking right, throwing a spear and holding shield; thunderbolt right

17.12mm 3.72gm

SNG COP 1244
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 062, Rome, FIDES EXERCITVS, #2,59 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 062, Rome, FIDES EXERCITVS, #2,
"Celebrating my faithful Army"
avers:- IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- FIDES-EXERCITVS, Four standards, the third from right has an eagle atop it
diameter: 21-24mm,
weight: 4,18g,
axis: h,
mint: Rome,
date: 249 A.D. (11th Issue - 2nd Officina),
ref: RIC-IV-III-062, p-75, C-050
Philip I (r. 244-249 AD) - AR Antoninianus - Rome59 viewsObv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - bust, radiate, draped & cuirassed right, seen from behind
Rev: P M TR P III COS P P - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae

Minted in Rome (246 AD)
References: RIC IV 3 (C)
Weight: 4.78 g
Dimensions: 22 mm
2 commentskrazy
Phillip II and Serapis, Markianopolis, Serpent, AE2559 viewsPhillip II 244-249 AD
AE25, 13 g
obv: confronted busts of Phillip II and Serapis, [] IΛIΠΠOC KAICAP
rev: coiled serpent left, E in right field, MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN
Hristova & Jekov, p. 236, fourth coin, (same dies)

ex Pars coins
Salonina SALVS AVG59 viewsSalonina, 267 A.D., Asia mint. (Antioch?)
OBV: SALONINA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent held in her arms.
1 commentsancientcoins
Gordian III IOVI STATORI59 viewsGordian III, 238-244 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing right, holding scepter and thunderbolt.
1 commentsancientcoins
PHRYGIA, APAMEIA59 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
Picture 020.jpg
Pontius Pilate59 viewsPrefect: 26-36 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Reverse: LIZ in wreath
Date: Year 17 = 30/31 AD
Reference: Hendin 649
1 commentsJohn K
plautilla as-RR.jpg
202-205 AD - PLAUTILLA As (cast)59 viewsobv: PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (draped bust right)
rev: PIETAS AVGG / S.C. (Pietas standing right holding scepter & child)
ref: RIC IVi 581(Caracalla) (R), C.19 (8frcs)
3.32gms, 23mm
Extremely rare
Fulvia Plautilla was the wife of Caracalla (AD202-205). In 205 she was banished to Sicily, later to the isle of Lipari, where was assassinated by Caracalla’s order in 212 AD.
1 commentsberserker
PLOTINA, The lady that changed history.59 views(An incredible PORTRAIT in the format of a Sestertius of PLOTINA)
The most influential of all Roman Empresses, she was interested in philosophy and in the doctrines of Epicurus, virtue, dignity and simplicity. She provided Romans with fairer taxation, improved education, assisted the poor, and tried to make Roman society ever more tolerant. Plotina was well known for her high moral standards and her kindness, as well as for her support for her husband: she travelled with him to the East and was present at his deathbed. It is said that when Plotina entered the imperial palace after her husband Trajan had become Emperor, she turned to those gathered at the steps and declared “I enter here such a woman as I would wish to be when I leave.” Plotina was instrumental in ensuring that Hadrian, who she greatly liked and was Trajan’s ward, succeeded peacefully to the throne on Trajan’s death
Helmeted Roma | Hercules with Nemean Lion, AR Serrate Denarius, 80 BC. Poblicia.59 views
Helmeted Roma | Hercules and Nemean Lion, Serrate Silver Denarius.

Obv: Roma draped, in twin-feathered plumed Phrygian-styled helmet, right facing; ROMA behind, control mark S above.
Rev: Hercules standing left, wrestling and strangling the Nemean lion, club below, encased bow with two arrows in left field; S, above; C POBLICI Q F in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Rome
Struck: 80 BC.

Size: 18.73 mm.
Weight: 3.8 grm.
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Quite fine. Beautiful, bright, clear and lustrous silver. Excellent surfaces and devices in superb relief.

Sydenham, 768
Crawford, 380/1
2 commentsTiathena
Cologne, Victoria germanica 6.38 g !!!!59 views2 commentsicos
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 59 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
[18H649] Pontius Pilate Prefect under Tiberius Prutah, "LIZ", 30 BC59 viewsPONTIUS PILATE PRUTAH, 'LIZ;' Hendin 649, VF, 15.5mm, 1.90 grams. Struck 30 C.E. Nice historic coin.

Jean-Philippe Fontanille

They are not really beautiful, or truly rare, nor are they of very great monetary value. Yet these apparently modest coins carry in their weight an era and an act which would have immense consequence to the history of the world. Indeed, they are closely associated with three basic factors which saw the foundation of Christianity :
1 - The temporal proximity : Most modern experts agree in recognising that the year now designated 30 C.E. marked the trial and the death of Jesus. Given that time-frame, Pilate's coins were minted in 29, 30 and 31 C.E.
2 - The geographic proximity : The most credible hypothesis indicates that these particular coins where struck in Jerusalem, the city in which the significant events took place.
3 - The human proximity : Pontius Pilate himself designed and put the coins into circulation, and of course he was the man who conducted the trial and ordered the crucifixion of Jesus.

So it is that everyone, whether a believer or simply a lover of history or of numismatics, will find in these coins direct evidence of and witness to an episode the memory of which has survived 2000 years : A momentous event which has to a great extent fashioned the world we know.

Throughout this article we will also note the exceptional character of Pilate's coins: Exceptional in the nature of the images they bear, for the numerous variants they offer, for the presence of countermarks, and above all for the part their originator played in history. The putative appearance of these coins imprints on the Turin shroud has yet to be confirmed by more solid scientific proofs.

Pilate's coins are Roman coins, the words on them are Greek, they were circulated in Judea, and today they are to be found distributed among world-wide collectors after having spent 2000 years buried in the earth. They were minted and used during a period which produced an event destined to change the face of the world, and issued at the command of one of the principal actors in that event. An amazing and dramatic destiny for apparently such humble and unassuming little coins !

For 35 years Pilate's coins were passed from hand to hand every day. They knew the scent of spice-stalls, heard the merchants' ranting, smelled the sweat and dust of daily works. They were alive to the sounds of Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin voices ¬ now haggling over a price, now offering prayers to YHVH, Jesus or Jupiter.

Nobody prays to Jupiter any more [?], but Pilate's coins are surviving witnesses to a time when the first Christians were considered as a messianic sect among several others in the midst of Judaism in crisis. The absolute split between Judaism and Christianity took place from about 70 C.E, the year which marked the tragic ending of the first Jewish rebellion. It was from that time, too, that Pilate's money ceased to be used.

Like each one of us, who carries always a few small coins in the bottom of our pockets; there is no doubt that some of Pilate's coins resonated to the last words of the most famous of all supplicants. A very long story had its beginning...

Although the prefects had their residencies in Cesarea, the administrative capital of the province, it seems that their money was minted in Jerusalem. Indeed, a specimen dated year 31 has been found in this town in an incomplete state of manufacture.

It would seem that Pilate's money was in current use for at least 35 years. Indeed, some of it has been discovered among other coins during the excavation of remains of dwellings destroyed by the Romans during the first Jewish revolt, which is evidence that they were still in use at that time.

These coins circulated far beyond the frontiers of Judea. Some samples have been discovered as far away as Antioch in present-day Turkey, nearly 500 kilometres from Jerusalem where they were minted. Others have also been found in Jordan. These limits represent a circulation area of at least 100.000 square kilometres, that is five times larger than the size of the state of Israel. Taking into account that it was a time when distances were expressed in terms of days of march, one begins to see the important influence of these coins.

A fairly frequent symbol from the Roman religion of the time, the simpulum was a utensil used by the priests during their religious ceremonies. This little ladle, provided with shaft and a handle, allowed the priests to taste the wine which they poured onto the head of an animal destined for sacrifice, after which the soothsayer was empowered to examine the animal's entrails for signs and portents sent to men by the Gods through the medium of the interpreter. As I pointed, none of this would have been obvious at first sight of the motif except perhaps to a Roman citizen. However, it throws some light on the theory put forward by F.A. Banks [Coins of the Bible Days].

This wasn't the first time that the simpulum appeared on Roman coins, but it is the first time it figured alone. This fact gives an additional specificity to Pilate's coins, not only in the context of Judea but also in comparison with all the other coins of the Empire.

The three ears or barley are featured on the opposing face of the simpulum. Unlike the simpulum, these ears of barley are not in contravention of the Jewish Law. The motif is nevertheless distinctive because it is the first time it appears on a Judean coin. The motif would reappear twelve years later on one of Herod Agrippa's coin, then on another, much rarer, of Agrippa II (ears of barley held in a hand). After that, the motif disappeared altogether from ancient Jewish coins.

The lituus was the wooden staff which the augurs held in the right hand; it symbolised their authority and their pastoral vocation. It was raised toward heavens while the priests invoked the Gods and made their predictions. Legend records that Romulus used it at the time of Rome's foundation in 753 B.C.E. It is interesting to note that the cross used in present times is the direct descendant of the lituus. As with the simpulum, Pilate's coinage is exceptional in that it alone displays the lituus as the sole object illustrated on the face.

The laurel wreath is a symbol of power and victory, and figures on various ancient Greek and Roman coins. In Judea it can be found during the reign of John Hyrcanus I (134 to 104 B.C.E.). After that, Herod Antipas, speaker for Pilate, used it on all his coins. On Pilate's coins, the laurel wreath figures on the reverse side of the lituus, framing the date.

The notation of dates uses a code invented by the Greeks whereby each letter of the alphabet was assigned a number. This code would be used again in Judaism under the name of Guematria. The system is simple : the first ten letters of the alphabet are linked to units (1,2,3...), the following ten letters to tens (10,20,30...) and the four remaining letters to the first four hundreds. The "L" is an abbreviation meaning "year". Tiberius became emperor on September 17 of year 14 C.E, so we have :

LIS = Year 29 C.E. * LIZ = Year 30 C.E. * LIH = Year 31 C.E.

The legends on Pontius Pilate's coins are written in Greek. Judea, governed by the Ptolemy dynasty (301 to 198 B.C.E) then by the Syrians until 63 B.C.E, came under the same powerful influence of the Hellenic culture which touched the other territories of the ancient Persian Empire won by Alexander the Great. In spite of a certain amount of resistance, this Hellenistic heritage eventually crept into every aspect of daily life. Apart from the dates, the texts on Pilate's coinage consisted of only three different words : - TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (Of Tiberius Emperor) on all three coins; - IOYLIA KAICAPOC (Empress Julia) added to the coin of year 29.

Pontius Pilate
After the deposition of the eldest son of Herod, Archelaus (who had succeeded his father as ethnarch), Judea was placed under the rule of a Roman procurator. Pilate, who was the fifth, succeeding Valerius Gratus in A.D. 26, had greater authority than most procurators under the empire, for in addition to the ordinary duty of financial administration, he had supreme power judicially. His unusually long period of office (A.D. 26-36) covers the whole of the active ministry both of St. John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ.
As procurator Pilate was necessarily of equestrian rank, but beyond that we know little of his family or origin. Some have thought that he was only a freedman, deriving his name from pileus (the cap of freed slaves) but for this there seems to be no adequate evidence, and it is unlikely that a freedman would attain to a post of such importance. The Pontii were a Samnite gens. Pilate owed his appointment to the influence of Sejanus. The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Cćsarea; where there was a military force of about 3,000 soldiers. These soldiers came up to Jerusalem at the time of the feasts, when the city was full of strangers, and there was greater danger of disturbances, hence it was that Pilate had come to Jerusalem at the time of the Crucifixion. His name will be forever covered with infamy because of the part which he took in this matter, though at the time it appeared to him of small importance.
Pilate is a type of the worldly man, knowing the right and anxious to do it so far as it can be done without personal sacrifice of any kind, but yielding easily to pressure from those whose interest it is that he should act otherwise. He would gladly have acquitted Christ, and even made serious efforts in that direction, but gave way at once when his own position was threatened.
The other events of his rule are not of very great importance. Philo (Ad Gaium, 38) speaks of him as inflexible, merciless, and obstinate. The Jews hated him and his administration, for he was not only very severe, but showed little consideration for their susceptibilities. Some standards bearing the image of Tiberius, which had been set up by him in Jerusalem, caused an outbreak which would have ended in a massacre had not Pilate given way. At a later date Tiberius ordered him to remove certain gilt shields, which he had set up in Jerusalem in spite of the remonstrances of the people. The incident mentioned in St. Luke 13:1, of the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate mingled with the sacrifices, is not elsewhere referred to, but is quite in keeping with other authentic events of his rule. He was, therefore, anxious that no further hostile reports should be sent to the emperor concerning him.
The tendency, already discernible in the canonical Gospels, to lay stress on the efforts of Pilate to acquit Christ, and thus pass as lenient a judgment as possible upon his crime, goes further in the apocryphal Gospels and led in later years to the claim that he actually became a Christian. The Abyssinian Church reckons him as a saint, and assigns 25 June to him and to Claudia Procula, his wife. The belief that she became a Christian goes back to the second century, and may be found in Origen (Hom., in Mat., xxxv). The Greek Church assigns her a feast on 27 October. Tertullian and Justin Martyr both speak of a report on the Crucifixion (not extant) sent in by Pilate to Tiberius, from which idea a large amount of apocryphal literature originated. Some of these were Christian in origin (Gospel of Nicodemus), others came from the heathen, but these have all perished.
His rule was brought to an end through trouble which arose in Samaria. An imposter had given out that it was in his power to discover the sacred vessels which, as he alleged, had been hidden by Moses on Mount Gerizim, whither armed Samaritans came in large numbers. Pilate seems to have thought the whole affair was a blind, covering some other more important design, for he hurried forces to attack them, and many were slain. They appealed to Vitellius, who was at that time legate in Syria, saying that nothing political had been intended, and complaining of Pilate's whole administration. He was summoned to Rome to answer their charges, but before he could reach the city the Emperor Tiberius had died.
Catholic Encyclopedia:

As the man who presided over the trial of Jesus, who found no fault with the defendant and washed his hands of the affair by referring it back to the Jewish mob, but who signed the final death warrant, Pontius Pilate represents almost a byword for ambivalence.
He appears in a poor light in all four Gospels and in a favourable light in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter where the Jews take all the blame for Jesus' death.
In the later Acts of Pilate, he is both cleared of responsibility for the Crucifixion and is said to have converted to Christianity.
In the drama of the Passion, Pilate is a ditherer who drifts towards pardoning Jesus, then drifts away again. He tries to pass the buck several times, makes the decision to save Jesus, then capitulates.
The former Archbishop of Canterbury, the late Robert Runcie once wrote, "It would have been better for the moral health of Christianity if the blame had stayed with Pilate."
In a poignant moment in the course of the trial, Pontius Pilate responds to an assertion by Jesus by asking "What is truth?"
The truth about Pilate is difficult to ascertain since records are few. Legends say he was a Spaniard or a German, but most likely he was a natural-born Roman citizen from central Italy.
But the fact that he was definitely the Procurator of Judea from 26 to 36 AD helps to establish Jesus as a real person and fixes him in time.
The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Caesarea, a mainly non-Jewish city where a force of some 3,000 Roman soldiers were based.
These would come to Jerusalem during the time of feasts when there was a greater danger of disturbances. This would explain Pilate's presence in the city during the time of the Crucifixion.
Pilate is recorded by several contemporary historians; his name is inscribed on Roman coins and on a stone dug up in Caesarea in the 1960s with the words, PONTIUS PILATUS PRAEFECTUS PROVINCIAE JUDAEAE.
The governorship of Judea was only a second-rate posting, though having the Jewish religious capital, Jerusalem, on its patch would have increased its importance.
Pilate ruled in conjunction with the Jewish authorities and was under orders from Emperor Tiberius, to respect their culture. He was a soldier rather than a diplomat.
The Jews relied on the Romans to keep their own rebellious factions under control. But they appeared to hate Pilate.
One contemporary Jewish historian Philo, describes him as a violent thug, fond of executions without trial. Another, Josephus, records that, at the start of his term, Pilate provoked the Jews by ordering the imperial standards to be carried into Jerusalem.
But he backed off from an all-out confrontation. On the other hand, later, he helped himself to Jewish revenues to build an aqueduct.
When, according to Josephus, bands of resistance fighters, supported by crowds of ordinary people, sabotaged the project by getting in the way of Pilate's workmen, he sent in his soldiers. Hundreds were massacred.
Anne Wroe, author of a recent book Pilate: the Biography of an Invented Man, says that for some modern scholars, given this propensity for violence when the occasion warranted, the idea of Pilate as a waverer is nonsense.
A Roman governor, they point out, would not have wasted two minutes thinking about a shabby Jewish villain, one among many. Wroe's depiction of Pilate, however, suggests he was something of a pragmatist.
His first duty was to keep the peace in Judea and to keep the revenues flowing back to Rome. "Should I have jeopardised the peace for the sake of some Jew who may have been innocent?", she has Pilate asking. "Should I have defied a furious crowd, maybe butchered them, to save one life?"
Whatever the truth about the real Pontius Pilate, such dilemmas are what he has come to symbolise.
Anne Wroe makes the modern comparisons of Neville Chamberlain in 1938. Bill McSweeney, of the Irish School of Ecumenics suggests that "without the Pilates of Anglo-Irish politics, we might never have had the Good Friday Agreement".
Tony Blair has said of Pilate: "It is possible to view Pilate as the archetypal politician, caught on the horns of a dilemma."
Even if, in reality, the Jesus affair was nothing but a small side-show in the career of Pontius Pilate, it had monumental repercussions for his image.
His inclusion in the Christian creeds, in the words of Robert Runcie, "binds the eternal realms to the stumbling, messy chronology of earthly time and place".

The Ethiopian Church recognized Pilate as a saint in the sixth century, based on the account in the Acts of Pilate

Although historians can pinpoint the exact date of death of many distinguished historical figures, the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ remains a matter of scholarly debate. Christ’s birth is most often dated between 7-5 BC (some scholars have suggested, however, His birth was as early as 20 BC). Christ’s Death and Resurrection is dated between 29-36 AD.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator (221 - 204 B.C.), AE Hemidrachm , Svoronos 112759 viewsBronze hemidrachm
Obv:- Horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia;
Rev:- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ∆Ι between eagle's legs
Minted in Alexandria
References:- Svoronos 1127; SNG Cop 202; Noeske 145; BMC Ptolemies p. 57, 109 - 110; Weiser 50 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.)

33.40 g. 33.72 mm
Anonymous quadrans59 viewsAnonymous Quadrans. AE.
Bearded head of Tiber r., crowned with reed.
Rev. SC The Roman she-wolf standing r., suckling the Twins Romulus and Remus.
RIC II, 217, 17. C. VIII, 269, 22.
1 commentsTanit
BCC g4 (BCC 4)59 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Caesarea Maritima
Eagle or Raven eating Crab
Semi-Translucent Agate
1 commentsv-drome
SPAIN - PHILIP IV59 viewsPhilip IV (1621-1665) Copper 4 Maravedis Resellado. Type 30, 1658. Cayon #5214, Toledo. dpaul7
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49459 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064fq img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 496a corr.59 viewsObv:– L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG P M IMP XI, Laureate bust right
Rev:– PAR AR AD TR P VI COS II P P, Captives bound and both sitting on discarded armor on the ground, both are sitting on shield; between them, a large trophy
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare, A.D. 198
References:– RIC 496a corr. (Scarce), RSC 360
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 121a img.jpg
121 - Tetricus II Ant. - RIC 27059 viewsObv:– C PIV ES(V TETRICV)S CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– (SPES) PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt
Reference:– Cohen 87. RIC 270
RI 124a img.jpg
124 - Quintillus Ant. - RIC 02059 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna, draped looking up, facing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. (Z in right field)
Reference:– RIC 20.
RI 132fc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 323 Bust type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)59 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– CONCORD AVG, Concordia standing right, holding two ensigns and facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 323 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 152a img.jpg
152 - Maxentius - RIC VI Rome 21259 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate Bust right
Rev:– CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated, facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, right holding globe, left sceptre, with shield at her side; knobs as acroteria, wreath in pediment
Minted in Rome (H in left field, RBP in exe.), between A.D. 308 and A.D.310
References:– RIC VI Rome 212 (Scarce)
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Siscia, Alföldi type 53, No-63, PROVIDENT AVG, Bust-G, -/T//XXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !!!59 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Siscia, Alföldi type 53, No-63, PROVIDENT AVG, Bust-G, -/T//XXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G).
revers:- PROVIDENT-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exergo: -/T//XXI, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-, p-, 3rd emission, Alföldi type 53, No-63, Not in RIC !!
"Your coin is registered by Alföldi (Alf. 53,63) who listed 7 examples of it. For my part, I registered 5 of them.
Yours is in a particular good state of conservation compared to them.
S. Estiot
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #359 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #3
avers: IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers: IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 612, Siscia, P M TRI P COS II P P, Bust-F, -/-//XXIS, Lion walking right, C,59 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 612, Siscia, P M TRI P COS II P P, Bust-F, -/-//XXIS, Lion walking right, C,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (2,F)
revers:- P-M-TRI-P-COS-II-P-P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in mouth.
exe: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23 mm, weight: 3,80 g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-612, p-82, C-447,452, Alföldi type 45, n° 4; "C"
Swedish Livonia. Carl XI 1660 - 1697. Silver Schilling 1665.59 viewsSwedish Livonia. Carl XI 1660 - 1697. Silver Schilling 1665. CAROLVS D.G. * Crowned CR monogram / SOLID CIVI RIG 65.

KM 55
188 - Arcadius Siliqua - RIC IX, 43(c) 59 viewsObv:– DN ARCADIVS AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and curassed bust right
Rev:– VRBS ROMA, Roma seated left on cuirass, Victory on globe in right hand, reversed spear in left
Minted in Lugdunum (LVGPS). August 28, A.D. 388-May 15, A.D. 392, Sixth Period
Reference:– RIC IX, 43(c) (rated Rare)
Ticinum 33659 viewsAntoninianus
Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield
Emperor shaking hands with Concordia
Ticinum, PXXT
RIC 336
2 commentsmauseus
1159 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
REX monogram over 1659
8 (irregular?)
76 Trier59 viewsLRBC I 76
1 commentsmauseus
59 viewsROME
Ć Tessera (12mm, 0.70 g)
Crescent and stars type
Radiate head of Sol right
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -; cf. Vauctions 270, lot 363
RPC-2412-Vespasian59 viewsAR Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 2412 (37 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYVEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LB before neck
Rev: No Legend; Nike flying l., with wreath and palm

Struck during Vespasian's second regnal year in Alexandria (29 August 69 to 28 August 70), this early tetradrachm is in surprisingly good Alexandrian style. Most of these early tetradrachms were struck in a some what crude style, happily this one was not! The reverse design of Nike is a continuation of a type previously minted for Vitellius at Alexandria.

In good condition and fairly well centered.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
HADRIAN (117-138 AD), AR denarius, Roma59 viewsObverse- Hadrian Denarius. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, draped far shoulder.
Reverse- P M TR P COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, shield behind, holding Victory and scepter.
RIC 77, RSC 1103, 19 mm, 3.5 g.
Ex- Mathew Baca, through a swap on Collectors Universe, November, 2011.
While it's not super high grade or anything, I just really like the look of this coin... a lot. With a nice expressive portrait, full legends on both sides, good centering, and some handsome grey-brown toning that sets off the devices superbly, what's not to like? Got this in a trade with Mat, who's been good to deal with. I've been pleased to take on a few of his castoffs. A pretty decent Trajan denarius also came with that deal, but this was the coin that cinched the swap for me.
3 commentslordmarcovan
s-722 chun xi.jpg
CHINA - S. SONG DYNASTY - CHUN XI59 viewsSouthern Song Dynasty - Emperor Xiao Xong (1163-1190) - Chun Xi reign (1174-1189). Cash. Year 14 - 1187. S-722. H-17.196.dpaul7
ROMAN LEAD IMPERIAL SEAL59 viewsLucilla, wife of Lucius Verus AD 161-169, Roman lead imperial seal (bulla)

Draped bust right

Reverse blank

Cf. M�nzzentrum Rheinland 151 (2009) 861; CNG 217 (2009), 375 (�Faustina II?�); 13.67g; 19mm; near very fine

From the Gert Boersema sold files
Jay GT4
Justinian I AE decanummium SB 20559 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (usually incomplete) Diad., dr. and cuir bust r.
Reverse: Large I, cross above, ANNO to l., to r. numerals representing regnal yr (XXXGI) 37
Date: 563/4 CE
Mint: Nicomedia
Sear 205, DO 155-63
15mm 2.59gm
Phraates II59 viewstetradrachm, 138 - 127 BC
Sellwood 17.1v

This coin referenced in "The Celator," Vol. 23, No. 3, March 2009, page 18 ("Robinson Auction" results)
4 commentsRobert L3
Arsaces II59 viewsdrachm, 211 - 191 BC
Sellwood 6.1
1 commentsRobert L3
Calabria, Tarentum 272-240 a.c. Ar stater59 viewsObv/ Naked rider crowning horse prancing right. ΑΓΑΘΑ / ΡΧΟΞ below
Rev/ Taras on dolphin left, holding kantharos in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; torch to right. TAPAK below.
Vlasto 852-4; SNG ANS 1179; HN It 1028; SGCV 375 var.
18 mm; 6,19 g
Purchased from La Parpaiolle - Marseilles, France
1 commentsTaras
193-211 AD - Septimius Severus - RIC IV 176 - Limes Denarius - PART MAX PM TR P VIIII59 viewsEmperor: Septimius Severus (r. 193-211 AD)
Date: 201 AD (later) or after
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Limes Denarius

Emperor Severus Pius
Head right, laureate

Victor over Parthia Chief Priest Tribune Ninth Term.
Trophy and two captives.

Limes Denarius of: RIC IV Septimius Severus 176; VM 95 (Rome mint)
2.89g; 18.3mm; 195°
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2015) #159 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 18, 2.75g, 17.64mm, 0°
laureate head r.
winged Eros with crossed legs standing l., holding flammed torch reversed
over altar(?)
ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/1, 1368, pl.XVI, 6 (depiction)
AMNG I/1, 1353 (legend)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1364
b) cf. Varbanov (engl.) 2266-2272
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No.
Rare, about VF

2 commentsJochen
Sestercio CRISPINA RIC 657j_1.jpg
38-20 - CRISPINA (177 - 182 D.C.)59 viewsAE Sestercio 31 mm 19.2 gr.
Esposa de Cómodo.

Anv: "CRISPINA AVG IMP COMMODI AVG" - Busto vestido y con rodete viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SA]LVS - [S C]" - Salus (La salud) sentada a izquierda dando de comer a una serpiente,enrollada en un altar, con una patera en mano derecha, su brazo izquierdo apoyado sobre el respaldo de la silla/trono .

Acuńada 178 - 180 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #672 Pag.442 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6009 Pag.423 - BMCRE #423 - Cohen Vol.III #32 Pag.384/5 - DVM #14 Pag.169 - MIR Vol.18 #18
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC-VI 025b, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/*//KB, Genius standing left, #159 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC-VI 025b, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/*//KB, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FL-VAL-SEVERVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPVLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: -/*//KB, diameter: 28 mm, weight: 9,74g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 307A.D., ref: RIC VI 25b, p-582,
028. Severus Alexander, 222-235. AR Denarius. Victoria.59 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint. AD 231-235.
Obv. Laureate head right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Rev. Victoria standing left, left hand holding palm, right resting on shield, bound captive at feet VICTORIA AVG.

RIC 257, RSC 558a. aEF.

Struck to commemorate the 'victories' over the Persians in the emperors' eastern campaign of 231-233.
2 commentsLordBest
Schjöth 1359 var., Hartill (QC) 5.15 & Hartill (CCC) 22.17 Type B, KM 23759 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

One cash, 1645-1646[?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), 26 mm.

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.2 qian = 4.48 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: plain

Type B coins have a fou bao and square head tong. Those with a one dot tong were minted at the Board of Revenue mint.

Hartill (QC) rarity 9 & Hartill (CCC) rarity 14
1 commentsStkp
031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #0159 views031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #01
avers:- Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb; border of dots.
diameter:10,5mm, weight: 0,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare), mint mark: n-I (Pohl),
date: 1427-1430 A.D., ref: Unger-455i, CNH-2-128, Huszar-584,
SLAVONIA ladislaus iv.jpg
SLAVONIA - Ladislaus IV59 viewsSlavonia. Ladislaus IV, AD 1272 to 1290. Denomination : Silver denar.
Size : 14.6 x 15.1 mm. Weight : 0.84 grams.
Reference : Truhelka 13.2 (or similar) - about FINE / good FINE
Obverse : Martin between two stars, with MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONIA around. A minor part of the inscription is not struck up.
Reverse : Double cross, with a star and crescent above, two Omega's and quadrafoils in between, and two faking heads below. The heads are flanked by the letters R L. The RL is an abbreviation for Rex Ladislaus).

Ladislaus IV was also King of Hungary.
Caracalla, Stobi59 viewsMAVREL ANTONIN
Laureate head right

Nike standing right holding trophy

Josif V99, R?
AMNG Gaebler 14
wildwinds example (this coin)
3 commentsarizonarobin
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SULEIMAN II 59 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - SULEIMAN II (1687-1691) Cu Mangir, 1687, Constantinople mint. Reference: KM#87.2.dpaul7
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #159 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FELICIT-AS-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-130var., T-(Estiot)-3827.1, C-,
Titus RIC 4159 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Taras, Calabria59 views500-430 BC (Period I)
AR Litra (10mm, 0.68g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Head of Taras left.
Vlasto 1166; Cote 53; McGill II, 145
Very Scarce
From the Lewis Egnew collection. ex Superior Galleries; ex Harlan J. Berk

A wonderful example of late archaic style, these early litrae are all fairly scarce and quite desirable.
The reverse of this type is often referred to as ‘Female head left’, or ‘Head of nymph Satyra left’. George Brauer Jr. confirms this in his book 'Taras; It's History and Coinage' (1986), but cites no source. Satyra was the mother of Taras. The style differs slightly from die to die, but in none of them do I really see a female head. Effeminate perhaps, but Apollo and Dionysus have both taught us that lesson.
So once again I find myself agreeing with Vlasto and I believe this to be the head of Taras, which was also common to some of the larger coins of the period.
Both left and right facing busts are known.

Με βαθύτατη ευγνωμοσύνη αγαπητέ μου αγαπητέ φίλε Σηαννον
3 commentsEnodia
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123759 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Thrace, Mesembria59 viewsObv: No legend, crested helmet facing.

Rev: META in the four corners of a radiate wheel.

Silver Diobol, Mesembria mint, c. 450 - 350 BC

1.3 grams, 11.38 mm

GCV 1673 (var.)
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Utica Tiberius59 viewsZEUGITANA, Utica. Tiberius.14-37 AD. Ć 29mm (10.81 gm, 9h). Vibius Marsus Proconsul, Drusus Quaestor, T.G. Rufus Praetor, 27-28 AD. Bare head left; c/m: uncertain within incuse rectangle / C VIB MARSO PR COS DR CAE Q PR T G RVFVS F C, D-D/P-P across fields, veiled figure of Livia seated right, holding sceptre and patera. RPC I 733; MAA 115b; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, slight scrape, green patina.

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex. CNG
1 commentsBolayi
Tiberius sestertius minted under Augustus, Lyon, A.D. 9-1459 viewsObv. TI CAESAR AVGVSTI FI IMPERATOR VI, laurate head of Tiberius left; countermark: (NC)APR : Nero Claudius Augustus Populus Romanus.
Rev. ROM ET AVG, Altar of Lyon flanked by Victories on columns.
22.1g, Ř 36mm, die axis 6h
Ref.: close to RIC Augustus 248b [R4] (which is IMPERATOR VII); close to Cohen 36 (but IMPERATOR VII; same countermark)
Charles S
Bithynia, Tion, Domitian, Rec.Gen. p.619 no2259 viewsDomitian, AD 81-96
AE22, 7.45g
Head, laureate, r.
Zeus Syrgastes in himation, stg. l., holding phiale in outstretched r. hand and
knotted sceptre in raised l. hand; l. before him an uncertain item (eagle?)
Rec. Gen. II, p.619 no.22 (thanks to Pat Lawrence); RPC 702 (thanks to Markus)
extremly rare, about VF, red-brown patina

Syrgastes was a Thrakian-Bithynian deity later on assimilated with Zeus. For more information take a look at the thread 'Mythological interested Coins' (coming soon!)
1 commentsJochen
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2259 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus Judea capta sestertius-2.JPG
Titus Judea capta sestertius59 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, Rome mint, 72 A.D.
Obverse: T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP IIII PON TR POT II COS II, laureate head right; Reverse: VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C, Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield hung on palm tree
Hendin 777, RIC 640, Cohen 383, Scarce
25.82g, 35.2mm
Purchased right here at Forvm Ancient Coins!
2 commentsJerome Holderman
Titus as Caesar RIC V51859 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V518 (R2), BMC - .RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std. l., with patera

The coin was minted in 73 AD when Titus shared the censorship with Vespasian, as evidenced by the CENS in the obverse legend. The reverse features Salus, which might be an allusion to the emperor Vespasian's health. The reverse type is rare for Titus and extremely rare with the obverse legend ending in CENS. Unlisted in the major catalogs until the new Flavian RIC II was published, it sites 2 examples - one in Vienna, the other part of the Walter Holt collection.

A decent coin in good metal featuring an excellent early portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus denarius59 viewsPONTIF TR P COS IIII1 commentsTibsi
Titus as Caesar RIC V53559 viewsAR Quinarius (Half Denarius)
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V535 (R), BMC V92, RSC 374
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP P TR P CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm
15mm, 1.60 gm

This fairly rare Titus as Caesar quinarius from 73 AD is my first quinarius, so I was quite thrilled to receive it.

Not only is the coin rare, but it has an interesting provenance. It came with a tag from the 19th century William C. Boyd (1840-1906) collection. As the tag indicates, he purchased the coin from W.S. Lincoln of Oxford St. in London. Roman history combined with a Victorian era numismatic souvenir, what more can you ask for?

In regards to the denomination itself, I'm not quite sure why quinarii were minted in the imperial era. Were they minted to make up required sums for imperial donatives as A Dictionary of Ancient Roman Coins states, or were they minted as presentation pieces to be given away at special occasions?
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Countermarked Troas! :)59 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
Moesia inferior, Tomis. Pseudo-autonomous Ć16. Lion seated right59 viewsMoesia inferior, Tomis. 1st-2nd Century AD. Pseudo-autonomous Ć16mm. Anepigraphic turreted and draped and diademed female bust right, Demeter? / Lion seated right, raising forepaw; + above. AMNG I 2514; SNG Budapest -.

AE 17, 3.16g
struck 1st-2nd century AD
obv. ()
Female head, draped , with bun and small mural crown, r.
rev. TO / MI
Lion seated r., left fore paw raised, mouth opened, tongue outstretched
in the upper field + (cross).
AMNG 2514 (2 ex.)
very rare, about VF, brown patina

Regling (AMNG): The obv. portrait probably pointing to Demeter
Trajan AR Denarius, Abundantia standing left. RIC 16659 viewsTrajan Den “Abundantia and galley” Trajan AD 98-117 Silver Denarius “Rome feeds her people” Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P- Laureate head right, draped left shoulder Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI - Abundantia standing left, holding corn ears over modius filled with corn ears, cornucopia and to her right rear, a galley. Rome mint: AD 103-104 /2.81 g. RIC II 166; BMCRE 169; RSC 467a.3 commentsmattpat
ABVNDANTIA AVG59 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentsTibsi
PANNONIAE59 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
2 commentsTibsi
TRAJAN DECIUS AR antoninianus - 249-251 AD59 viewsobv: IMP.C.M.Q.TRAIANUS.DECIVS.AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: VERITAS.AVG (Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia)
ref: RIC-, C.106 (2frcs!!)
mint: Antioch (no mint-mark)
Very rare
The VERITAS legend is blundered (missing ’B’), no other Emperor used this, and the personification is as same as Uberitas coins.
TRENGGANU59 viewsTRENGGANU - Kali Malik al-Adil tin Pitis, 1700s. KM#2.1.dpaul7
Tripolis AE2559 viewsTripolis, Lydia, pseudo-autonomous AE25, imperial times.
Obv: ΔHMOC, draped bust of youthful Demos right.
Rev: TPIΠOΛITΩN, Demeter standing left, veiled, grain and poppy in right, resting on long torch in left.
Ř 25 mm, 5.78 g
SNG Cop 721, SNG Von Aulock 3302
2 commentsPscipio
Unpublished gold fanam, imitation of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II (1754-1759), 18th century AD, Southern India59 viewsUnpublished gold fanam, imitation of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II (1754-1759), 18th century AD, Southern India
Imitative Persian inscription (corrupt "Alamgir" retrograde?) / Curcular bump. Struck at an uncertain location. 5mm, 0.35 grams. Herrli -; KM -.
Made out of relatively debased gold. Very unusual type, only recently disovered. Very thick (that is why the reverse looks fuzzy - it is hard to scan rounded 3D objects on the scanner) and much nicer than the scan.
Antonio Protti
Urbs Roma - SMHe - 3 dots.jpg
SMHε - 3 Dots59 viewsAE3 Follis, 3.10 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 330-333 AD

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 3 vertical dots between 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε

Heraclea mint

1 commentsdrjbca
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.59 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Valens AE3 59 viewsValens AE3

Obv: D N VALEN-S P F AVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm Star/Dot. Exe: SMAQS

RIC IX, Aquileia 18(a); C. 47; struck 17 Nov. 375-9 Aug.378; With star/dot it is type xix(b).


(0364) VALENS59 views364 - 378 AD
AE 18 mm 2.98 g
Valentinian II, Alexandria RIC IX-19a59 viewsAE4
Alexandria mint, 383-388 A.D.
13mm, 1.14g
RIC IX-19a

T behind head
Pearl-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Legend in wreath
Roman Empire, Valerian I, Oriens, Cologne mint, RIC 10759 viewsObverse: IMP VALERIANVS AVG
4,55 Gramm
Great Example of this R2 Cologne mint (3. Emission) of Valerianus with IMP in Obverse
3 commentsVipsanius
vespa as.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AE as - struck 76 AD59 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN COS VIII (laureate head left)
rev: VICTORIA AVGVST / S.C. (Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath & palm)
ref: RIC II 584v, C.605(2fr.)
mint: Rome
10.89gms, 27mm

Vespasian and Titus naval victory was considered of such importance that it was commemorated at a later period. (In RIC only right head)
Vespasian RIC II 085059 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (2.91g. 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. REV: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 223.

A worn reverse, but I got this coin for the left facing head on the obverse, with the left facing coins being more scarce that the typical right facing coins.
2 commentsLucas H
59 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (19mm - 3.53 g). Rome mint. Struck 77-8 AD. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IMP XIX, Sow walking left with three piglets. RIC II 982; BMCRE 212; RSC 213.3 commentspaul1888
Vespasian - [RIC 1060, RSC 556]59 viewsSilver Denarius, 3.18g, 18.5mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 79 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - TR POT X COS VIIII, Capricorn facing left, globe below

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
3 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian denarius AVGVR PON MAX59 viewsDenarius for Vespasian. Rome mint. H2 71 AD.
3.45 grs and 18 mm.
Obs. : laureate head right. IMP CAES VESP AVG PM.
Rev. : priestly instruments. AVGVR (above) PON MAX (below).
RIC 42.
Rarity : R.
Not an absolute rarity but much rarer than the classic RIC 43 with the AVGVR TRI POT rev.
6 commentslabienus
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6959 viewsĆ as (9.5g, Ř28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMNgamma59 viewsAttribution-RIC VII Nicomedia 195
Field mark-2 stars and 3 vertical dots
Constantinople CONSS59 viewsConstantine had altogether more ambitious plans. Having restored the unity of the empire, now overseeing the progress of major governmental reforms and sponsoring the consolidation of the Christian church, Constantine was well aware that Rome had become an unsatisfactory capital for several reasons. Located in central Italy, Rome lay too far from the eastern imperial frontiers, and hence also from the legions and the Imperial courts. Moreover, Rome offered an undesirable playground for disaffected politicians; it also suffered regularly from flooding and from malaria.

It seemed impossible to many that the capital could be moved. Nevertheless, Constantine identified the site of Byzantium as the correct place: a city where an emperor could sit, readily defended, with easy access to the Danube or the Euphrates frontiers, his court supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of Roman Asia, his treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the empire.

Constantine laid out the expanded city, dividing it into 14 regions, and ornamenting it with great public works worthy of a great imperial city. Yet initially Constantinople did not have all the dignities of Rome, possessing a proconsul, rather than a prefect of the city. Furthermore, it had no praetors, tribunes or quaestors. Although Constantinople did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. Constantinople also lacked the panoply of other administrative offices regulating the food supply, police, statues, temples, sewers, aqueducts or other public works. The new program of building was carried out in great haste: columns, marbles, doors and tiles were taken wholesale from the temples of the empire and moved to the new city. Similarly, many of the greatest works of Greek and Roman art were soon to be seen in its squares and streets. The emperor stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates in Asiana and Pontica, and on 18 May 332 he announced that, as in Rome, free distributions of food would be made to citizens. At the time the amount is said to have been 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

Constantinople was a Greek Orthodox Christian city, lying in the most Christianised part of the Empire. Justinian ordered the pagan temples of Byzantium to be deconstructed, and erected the splendid Church of the Holy Wisdom, Sancta Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia in Greek), as the centrepiece of his Christian capital. He oversaw also the building of the Church of the Holy Apostles, and that of Hagia Irene.

Constantine laid out anew the square at the middle of old Byzantium, naming it the Augusteum. Sancta Sophia lay on the north side of the Augusteum. The new senate-house (or Curia) was housed in a basilica on the east side. On the south side of the great square was erected the Great Palace of the emperor with its imposing entrance, the Chalke, and its ceremonial suite known as the Palace of Daphne. Located immediately nearby was the vast Hippodrome for chariot-races, seating over 80,000 spectators, and the Baths of Zeuxippus (both originally built in the time of Septimius Severus). At the entrance at the western end of the Augusteum was the Milion, a vaulted monument from which distances were measured across the Eastern Empire.

From the Augusteum a great street, the Mese, led, lined with colonnades. As it descended the First Hill of the city and climbed the Second Hill, it passed on the left the Praetorium or law-court. Then it passed through the oval Forum of Constantine where there was a second senate-house, then on and through the Forum of Taurus and then the Forum of Bous, and finally up the Sixth Hill and through to the Golden Gate on the Propontis. The Mese would be seven Roman miles long to the Golden Gate of the Walls of Theodosius.

Constantine erected a high column in the middle of the Forum, on the Second Hill, with a statue of himself at the top, crowned with a halo of seven rays and looking towards the rising sun.

RIC VII Constantinople 61 C1
Jewish War, 66-70 AD, bronze 1/8 shekel 59 viewsBronze eighth denomination, 19 mm, 5.08 g, 69 - 70 A.D.
O: "To the redemption of Zion" in Hebrew, Omer cup with a pearled rim;
R: "Year four" in Hebrew, Lulav (myrtle, palm and willow branches tied together) flanked by an etrog (citron - small lemon like fruit) on both sides - Hendin 1369

During the fourth year of the Jewish War, the Romans had besieged the Jews in Jerusalem. There was a shortage of materials, and so, for the first time fractions of the shekel were minted in bronze. These are among the earliest examples of "siege money." Intended to pass as the equivalent in silver, they would have been redeemed for their face value at the end of a successful rebellion.

These siege pieces recall a time of despair and desperation in Jerusalem. Surrounded by Roman Legions under General Titus, intense starvation ravaged the city. Inhabitants were reduced to eating pieces of leather, belts and shoes. Josephus says that mothers even roasted and ate their own children. Simply having the appearance of good health implied a person was hiding food and would be reason enough to be murdered.
3 commentsNemonater
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Nicomedia59 viewsAttribution: RIC 153 (RIC VII)

Mint: Nicomedia, Officina 3, SMNΓ

Date: 328-329 AD

Pearl-diademed head right

Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMNΓ in exergue

Size: 18mm x 19mm

Weight: 2.99 grams
58 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Barzinski 1873; Brook -

Museum number in india ink on reverse: 5971730 (?)

Ex Lockdale's 83 (27 March 2011), lot 1112
2 commentsArdatirion
58 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS. Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. J.R. Bowman.
CU Token (19mm, 3.57 g, 2 h)
Dated 1863
Head of Liberty left, wearing feathered headdress inscribed LIBERTY, within circle of thirteen stars, 1863 below
Rulau CWT 975B-3a
1 commentsArdatirion
L. Procilius L.F., Denarius58 viewsRome mint, 80 BC
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind
Juno Sospita right holding spear and shield. A snake at her feet. L . PROC[ILI/F] behind
3.77 gr
Ref : RCV # 306, RSC, Procilia # 1
3 commentsPotator II
TITUS58 viewsAR denarius. 79 AD. 3,48 gr. 6h. Laureate head right. IMP T CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG / Captive, hands bound behind his back, kneeling right before military trophy. TR POT VIII COS VII .
RIC 1. RSC 334a.
LHS Numismatik AG 102. Lot 353.
2 commentsbenito
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC58 viewsTetradrachm , 22mm, 16.85g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG, 262, Lot 95
2 commentsrobertpe
THRACE, LYSIMACHOS, Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC58 viewsAR Drachm, 17mm, 4.16 g, 12h
In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon; Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint.

O. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
R. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion head left above E; monogram below throne

Thompson 93 corr. (lion head, not forepart); Price 1993; Müller 332
Diva Faustina II, Sestertius58 viewsPosthumous issue, Rome mint, after AD 176
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right
SIDERIBVS RECEPTA, Diana standing right, holding a torch, SC in field
19.76 gr
Ref : Cohen # 215, RCV # 5233 v
Potator II
Caracalla, Tetradrachm58 viewsTetratrachm struck in Antioch, c.209-212 AD
AVT KAI ANTWNEIN C CEB, Laureate bust of Caracalla right
DHMARX.....PATO.TO.TOG, Eagle facing with wreath in beak
13.65 gr
Ref : Sear #2649 var, Prieur # 214A_001 (unique to date with this reverse legend lacking C : "should" be TOC.TOG. Thanks to Michel Prieur for the additionnal informations)
2 commentsPotator II
Plautilla, Denarius - bE458 viewsRome mint
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA FELIX, Caracalla and Plautilla face to face, shaking hands
3.41 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #7066 var, Cohen #12, RSC # 12, RIC-, BMC -, Hill –

I believe this type should be considered as transitionnal or an hybrid (as is the aA3) associating a 202 reverse type to a 204-205 bust type
1 commentsPotator II
Nero to Trajan58 viewsA virtual tray showing coins as they are actually displayed in my collection
Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
1 commentsPotator II
041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Mysia, Pergamon, Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,58 views041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Mysia, Pergamon, Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Valerian II, Antoninianus - 008558 viewsCologne mint, AD 258
DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right
CONSACRATIO (sic), Valerian II raising hand and holding sceptre on an eagle flying right
1.70 gr
Ref : Cohen # 5, RCV # 10606

Peu courant, belle patine
2 commentsPotator II
Claudius Gothicus, Antoninianus58 viewsMediolanum mint, 1st officina, AD 268-270
IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
PROVID AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and cornucopiae. P at exergue
5.30 gr 18-21 mm
Ref : RIC V, Part 1, 163, RCV # 11361
Ex. Pscipio
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus Silvered Antoninianus58 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue. MIR only records 2 examples of this variety
Mark Z
Aurelian, Middle bronze58 viewsMinted in Rome AD 274
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, seen from front
CONCORDIA AVG, Aurelian and Severina facing each other and shaking hands, Sol between them
7,85 gr
12/10/13 - 0080
Potator II
Florianus, Antoninianus58 viewsLyon mint, 3rd emission, 1st officina
IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from front (A)
TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing raight, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left hand. I at exergue (1st officina)
4.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 11874v., Bastien # 146 pl. XVI, RIC # 12, C # 89, La Venčra hoard # II.2/2632
5 commentsPotator II
Probus, Antoninianus - 007058 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
Maximianus, Follis58 viewsAquilea mint, 1st officina, AD 301
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head of Maximianus right
SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding cornucopia and scales. AQP at exergue, V in right field
10.35 gr
Ref :RCV # 13300 (100), Cohen #504, RIC VI # 29b
Potator II
062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #158 views062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, Rare!, #158 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, Rare!, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VENVS-VICTRIX, Venus standing left with helmet & scepter, leaning on shield
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th Issue), ref: RIC IV-III 131, p-28, C-347,
Honorius, Siliqua58 viewsMediolanum mint, 2nd officina
DN HONORIVS PF AVG, diademed draped and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS RO - MANORVM, Roma seated left, holding victory and sceptre, MDPS at exergue
2.09 gr
Ref : Cohen # 59, Roman coins # 4250
Potator II
Arcadius, AE4 - 001258 viewsCyzicus mint, 2nd officina
DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, diademed and draped bust right
VOT / V within a wreath. [SM]KB at exergue
thanks to Jeff Clark, Gavignano and Commodus for helping finding the mint
1.3 gr, 13 mm
Ref : RIC # 20
Potator II
Alexander Jannaeus58 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) (103 - 76 BC)
AE Lepton
Hendin 471

Obverse: Anchor within circle. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY
Reverse: Wheel with eight ray-like spokes. מלכא אלכסנדרוס שנת כה
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise58 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 1 commentsVladislavs D
267-268 AD., Postumus, Colonia mint, Antoninianus, Zschucke 178.58 viewsPostumus, Colonia mint, 20th emission,
Antoninianus (20-21 mm / 2.83 g), 267-268 AD.,
Obv.: IMP POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: SAECVLI FELICITAS , Postumus standing right, holding globe and spear.
Zschucke 178 ; Cunetio 2444 ; RIC 83 ; C 331 .

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Trajan Denarius - Aequitas (RIC II 118)58 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-111 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R) with drapery on far shoulder.

Rev: AEQUITAS standing (L) folding Scales and Cornucopia.


RIC II 118 RSC 85
Kained but Able
661. Julia Domna denarius58 viewsRome Mint, 210 Ad
20 mm, VF
IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, floormat on head
VENVS VICTRIX, half naked Venus, holding helmet and palm, leaning on column, shield at feet
Basiliscus AE458 viewsRIC X 1014 Constantinople
0.94 g, 10 mm
D N bASIL........AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Basiliscus monogram within wreath
KOC in exergue
2 commentsMark Z2
133- Domitian RIC 725.JPG
Domitian RIC ??58 viewsAe As, Rome mint. 77-79 AD
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVST, Victory right on Prow, holding wreath.
27mm, 10.9 gm
Possibly RIC 725 ( Vespasian) COS V , or RIC 730 (Vespasian) COS VI?
1 commentsjdholds
Palm-branch (?)58 viewsCILICIA. Aegeae. Severus Alexander. Ć 38. A.D. 228/229 (year 275). Obv: AVTKMAVPCEVAΛEΞAN(ΔPOC)CEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: (AΔPIAΛ)EΞANΔPOVΠO(...AIΓEAIWN), E in field to left, OC in field to right. Bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corintian helmet; Countermark on head. Ref: BMC 36. Axis:195°. Weight: 22.49 g. CM: Palm-branch (?) in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm.Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
Nike and Prize crown (x 3)58 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Caracalla. Ć 31. Struck circa A.D. 200. Obv: AVTKAIMAPAVPH-ANTWNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) behind bust. Rev: IEPOΠOΛEITW-NKACTABAΛEWN. Tyche standing l., holding rudder and cornucopia; 2 countermarks, (3) before face of Tyche, (4) behind Tyche. Ref: BMC 13; Sear GIC 2627. Weight: 14.50 g. CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 7 mm. Howgego 260 (23 pcs). The c/m may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between I and E or between torches (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. CM(3): Howgego 427 (or 427 var.). May have been applied at time of Macrinus, when smaller coins with prize-crown reverses were issued. CM(4): Prize crown between torches, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 427. Note: The 10 pieces noted by Howgego all have the countermark on the obv. Possibly same as CM (3)? Collection Automan.Automan
German States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A.58 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A. FRIDERICHUS BORUSSORUM REX, bust right / EIN REICHSTHALER, crowned eagle with wings open, flags right, mint-mark A divides date below.

KM 32
Republic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916.58 viewsRepublic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, National arms within wreath, UN CENTAVO / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, Roman denomination within circle of star, date below.

KM 9.1
Sear 197658 viewsOrthodoxcoins
Sear 197858 viewsOrthodoxcoins
Septimius Severus from Nikopolis58 viewsSeptimius Severus AE17, Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Obv: AVT K Λ Σ - ΣEVHPOΣ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛIT - ΠPOΣ IΣ, Apollo Sauroktonos standing right, his left hand on tree trunk, right hand drawn back, on the tree crawls a lizard.
Ř 17 mm, 2.34 g
AMNG 1355
2 commentsPscipio
2012 Highlights58 views A few favorites from 2012

1: Lucania, Metapontum didrachm, c. 350 - 330 BC

2: Julius Caesar denarius, 44 BC

3: Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito denarius, c. 55 - 54 BC

4: Tiberius, denarius, 15 - 16 AD

5: Titus, Antioch denarius, 72 - 73 AD

6: Asia Minor, Carian Islands drachm, c. 88 - 84 BC

7: Tiberius, Olba, Cilicia Ć 24, c. 14 - 16 AD

8: Caius Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC

9: Severus Alexander denarius, 231 AD

10: Maximinus I, Alexandria tetradrachm, 235 - 236 AD
4 commentsSPQR Coins
Laureate bust right58 viewsSYRIA or SAMARIA (?). Uncertain mint. Titus or Domitian (?). Ć 23. 70s-80s A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark on head. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 10.78 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 133 ? (17 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Trophy58 viewsCILICIA. Uncertain colonial mint. Octavian. Ć 19 (Semis). Ca 31-30 B.C. Obv: (P)RINCEPSFELIX. Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: COLONIA-(IVLIA-IIVIR). Two humpded oxen pulling plow to left; in field to left two monograms: (1) VE, (2) TER. Ref: RPC 4083. Axis: 270°. Weight: 5.59 g. Note: The mint has been the subject of some discussion. The monograms of the revers refer to the names of the duovirs. CM: Trophy in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego - (3 pcs in RPC, though). Collection Automan.Automan
31- Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum-2.JPG
Diadumenian , Nikopolis ad Istrum- 258 viewsAE27, 217-218 AD
Obv: KMORELLOC DIADOVMENIANOC, Bare, draped bust right.
Rev: CTA LONGINOU NIKOPOLITWN PRO CI, Nike standing , wings spread , leaning on column, holding palm and wreath.
27mm, 13.5gm
3 commentsjdholds
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius58 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
Sweden: Gustav Vasa, issued c. 176058 viewsGustav Vasa, King of Sweden, 1523 - 1560 A.D. Silver medal, EF, holed, 14.081g, 33.7mm, 0o, c. 1760; obverse GVSTAVUS.I D.G.REX.SVECIAE., elaborate bust right; reverse 44 F ERICI DE WASA EQ AVR NAT 1490 E 1523.C.1528 QVIES AFFLICTAE PATRIAE REDDITA PVRIOR DEI OPT MAX, CVLTVS STABILITVS. CORONA HAEREDIT. FACTA 1544. M.1560. This medal is probably from a set of silver medals honoring monarchs issued c. 1760. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.Orichalcum sestertius58 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, SRCV III 4187, RIC III 774, BMCRE IV 1688, Cohen 498, gF, weight 23.165g, maximum diameter 30.9mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 145 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII S C LIBERALITAS AVG IIII, Antoninus Pius seated left on platform, Liberalitas on left holding abacus and cornucopia, officer behind; citizen standing below holding fold of drapery with both hands to receive donation from the emperor; rare;
Adrian W
German States. Archbishopric of Mainz. Silver 5-kreuzer, worn date (c.1763).58 viewsGerman States. Archbishopric of Mainz. Silver 5-kreuzer, worn date (c.1763). SR.I.P.G.A.C.PR.EL-EM.IOS.D.G.A.EP.M, crowned arms on base containing value / 240 EINE FEINE MARK, IUS TIRT [1763] F.B., star below.

KM 349
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, AE3 Thessalonica58 viewsAttribution: RIC 153 (RIC VII), Cohen 454

Mint: Thessalonica; SMTSΓ

Date: 326-328 AD

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; laureate head right

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; campgate with two turrets, star above, SMTSΓ in exergue

Size: 19mm

Weight: 3.26 grams
Gallienus Zoo58 viewsNervousRex
Trajan Denarius - Mars with Spear and Shield (RIC II 162)58 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-112AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on far shoulder.

Rev: MARS (God of War) standing (R) holding spear and resting on shield.

RIC II 162 RSC 378A
3 commentsKained but Able
crw 183/1 . Roman Republic, Anonymous Ć As. 169-158 BC.58 viewsRoman Republic, Anonymous Ć As. 169-158 BC.
31mm, 29.31g. Rome mint.
Obverse:Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above .
Reverse:Prow of galley right; above, she-wolf standing right, head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; I (mark of value) to right.
Crawford 183/1.
Ex UBS 59, lot 6123 (January 2004) . Ex RBW Collection. Ex JHE .
1 commentsVladislav D
Tessera di bronzo per gioco58 views1 commentsRugser
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod58 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Ć 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
Justinien le Grand,AE follis, Nikomedia,Superbe58 viewsJustinien le Grand, follis AE. Monnaie Nikomedia,
Obv. DN IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG En face , buste cuirassé, traverser ŕ droite, tenant globe avec la croix.
Rev. Grand M, ANNO gauche, ŕ droite l'année du rčgne, + ci-dessus, B ci-dessous, NIKO
35,5mm., 19,49g. patine vert fonsé, Superbe

2 commentsAntonivs Protti
alexander the great, AE1958 views19mm, 6.93g1 commentsareich
PORTUGAL - Alfonso V58 viewsPORTUGAL - Alfonso V (1438-1481) Copper 1/2-Real Preto. Lisbon mint. Reference: VAZ-a5.12(x).
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople58 viewsHyperpyron
Obv: Virgin Orans within City, Four Towers
Rev: Christ Crowning Emperors
Weight: 3.4 grams
Sear 2396
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD58 viewsAnonymous
AE 4 13mm
Constantinople, 330 AD
laureate and draped bust left, cornucopia on shoulder
bridge over river
2 commentsArdatirion
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin58 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius, RIC 820, As of AD 145-147 (fourth donative)58 viewsĆ As (11.0g, Ř26mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: LIBER ALI TAS IIII (around), S C (in ex.) Emperor seated in a curul chair on platform; before is standing Libertas holding an abacus "counting board") and cornucopiae; behind is standing an officer; below in front of the platform is standing a citizen holding is toga.
RIC 820(*); Cohen 501(*); BMC 1751; Strack 992
* both Cohen as well as RIC ommit COS IIII from the obverse legend for this type. BMC and Strack have the complete legend.
ex G. Henzen (Netherlands, 1998)

Issued on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius with Faustina Jr. celebrated with a fourth donative
Charles S
Struck A.D.161 under Marcus Aurelius. DIVUS ANTONINUS PIUS. Commemorative AR Denarius of Rome.58 viewsObverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS. Bare headed and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Building of four storeys surmounted by Antoninus Pius in a quadriga. Unbarred A in consecratio.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 3.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 438

The reverse of this coin depicts the Ustrinum Antonini Pii, the building where the body of Antoninus Pius lay. Its remains were discovered near the Piazza Montecitorio. Located just south of the Column of Antoninus Pius, it consisted of three concentric rectangle enclosures. The innermost rectangle measured 13 meters wide, the second 23 meters and the outermost 30 meters. This monument, commonly misleadingly described as a pyre on his coinage, was the monumental building in which the body was placed. It was built prior to A.D.141 and was also used for the funerals of Faustina I, Lucius Verus and Faustina II. Antoninus Pius was ultimately buried in the Mausoleum of Hadrian (now the Castel St.Angelo).
Antoninus Pius Temple of Perga58 viewsANTONINUS PIUS, 138 - 161 AD, AE32, Perga, Pamphylia, 24.4g,
OBV: KAI ADRIA ANTWNEINOS, Laureate head right.
REV: ARTEMODOS PERGAIAS, Distyle temple, with fluted Ionic columns, with eagle in pediment,
containing simulacrum of Pergean Artemis; on either side of which, sphinx on pedestal.
Not in BMC, nor von Aulock.
SNG FRANCE 3, 0406(1) / COLL PARIS 317A(1)

Extremely Rare
5 commentsRomanorvm
8. Janus, first king of Italy, and inventor of civilisation58 viewsSestertius minted AD 140, Rome. 24.70g, Ř 32mm, 12h. RIC 644, Cohen 881, Foss 55
Obv.: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS PP, laurate head right.
Rev.: TR POT COS III round edge SC in field, Janus standing facing, holding sceptre.
ex CNG eAuction 233 lot 335 (June 2010); ex the John Bitner Collection of Secular Games Coinage; ex Astarte XV (27 November 2004), lot 234.

Sestertius issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, celebrated on 21 April 147.
Janus was believed to be first king of Italy, serving as both leader and teacher to all within his lands. In honor of his deeds, he was elevated to the status of a deity by the Romans, with Romulus himself, one of the mythical founders of Rome, building and dedicating the Temple of Janus.
2 commentsCharles S
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 158-159 AD58 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP (laureate head right)
rev: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST COS IIII (octastyle temple [8 columns] in which the statues of Augustus and Livia reside)
ref: RIC III 143D (R), Cohen 809 (8frcs)
3.01 gms, 18mm,

History: The Temple of Divus Augustus was built between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, behind the Basilica Julia. It is known from Roman coinage that the temple was originally built to an Ionic hexastyle design (see my Caligula sestertius). During the reign of Domitian the Temple of Divus Augustus was destroyed by fire but was rebuilt and rededicated in 89/90 with a shrine to his favourite deity, Minerva. The temple was redesigned as a memorial to four deified emperors, including Vespasian and Titus.
It was restored again in the late 150s by Antoninus Pius, who was perhaps motivated by a desire to be publicly associated with the first emperor. The exact date of the restoration is not known, but the restored temple was an octostyle design with Corinthian capitals and two statues - presumably of Augustus and Livia - in the cella. The pediment displayed a relief featuring Augustus and was topped by a quadriga. Two figures stood on the eaves of the roof, that on the left representing Romulus and the one on the right depicting Aeneas leading his family out of Troy, alluding to Rome's origin-myth. The steps of the temple were flanked by two statues of Victory.
1 commentsberserker
Mark Antony denarius58 viewsBare head of a bearded Mark Antony right

Fortuna standing left holding Victory and cornucopiae

Rome 42 BC


Rough but much better in hand!

Sear 1466, RRC 494/32


Fortuna holding Victory shows the confidence the Triumvirs had in defeating the Ruplicans, namely Brutus and Cassius. Varus also struck this type for Octavian. It is interesting to note that on the evidence of stylistic similarity it is possible that the die-engraver responsible for the triumviral portraits was later transferred from the Capitoline mint to Antony's military mint outside the city.

The fact that Antony is again shown bearded is in reference to his mourning for Caesar's death. Only after Caesar was avenged would Antony be shown as a typical clean shaven Roman.
4 commentsJay GT4
SPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I58 viewsSPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I, (1506-1516), copper dinero (type 2, with gothic lettering) struck in Zaragoza.
Thanks to Manzikert for attribution!

Thessalonica, RIC IX 062.c, 165 Acadius (384-408 A.D.), AE-4, Γ/-//TES, GLORIA REI PVBLICE, Campgate with two turrets,58 viewsThessalonica, RIC IX 062.c, 165 Acadius (384-408 A.D.), AE-4, Γ/-//TES, GLORIA REI PVBLICE, Campgate with two turrets,
avers:- DN-ARCADIVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLORIA-REI-PVBLICE, Camp gate with two turrets, closed gate, 6 layer of stone.
exe: Γ/-//TES, diameter: 12 mm, weight: 1.15g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 383-388A.D., ref: RIC IX 062.c, p-,
2 commentsquadrans
10-20 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)58 viewsAE AS (Provincial) 23 x 25 mm 12.9 gr.

Anv: "IM T[I. CLA. CAE. AV. GER]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C " dentro de una corona de laureles con 8 grupos de hojas.

Acuńada 41 - 54 D.C.
Ceca: Syria - Seleucis and Pieria - Antiochia ad Orontem

Referencias: Sear GICTV #472 Pag.43 - BMC Vol.20 #166 Pag.171 - Cohen Vol.1 #134 Pag.262
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01964.jpg
58-10 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)58 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 32 x 29 mm 5.6 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "MΡ - ΘV" (Madre de Dios) en campos izquierdo y derecho - La Virgen sentada en un trono de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), sosteniendo delante de Ella la cabeza nimbada de un Cristo nińo mirando a izquierda.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOTHC " Emperador de pié de frente vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Chlamys (Manto largo o capa/mandyas, usado como traje de ceremonia imperial). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseńa militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz patriarcal en izquierda.

Acuńada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1964 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.15.5-10 - B.M.C.#56/7 - Ratto M.B.#2138-41 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #5-16
As Alexander as Caesar 58 viewsObverse: (MAVRAL)EXAND(ERCAES)
Head right, bare; bust draped
Reverse: (P)RINCIVVENTVT(IS) S(C) low in field
Alexander in military dress, standing left, holding baton and sceptre; on right, two standards
BMC p. 614 citing Cohen 485, RIC 386
Weight, 10.22g; die axis, 12h.
Tetradrachm 337 - 294 B.C.58 views17,0 g, 24 mm.1 commentsPodiceps
- 27 BC-14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 425 - Cornucopia and Altar Quadrans58 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 8 BC
Condition: VF
Denomination: Quadrans

Pulcher Taurus Regulus (moneyer)
S - C to left and right of cornucopia

Reverse: IIIVIR AAAFF round garlanded altar
The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 425
3.14g; 18.2mm; 15°
AUGUSTUS58 viewsDupondius Cohen 87Rugser
Augustus denarius - Gaius and Lucius 58 viewsEmperor Augustus
Mint Lugdunum
size (mm) 17
Weight (g) 3.83
Die Axis 170
Tariff 1 denarius
Ob. Desc. Laureate head right
Rev. Desc. Gaius and Lucius caesar on l. anbd r. standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield a spear and on l. simpulum r and on r. lituus l.
1 commentsBacchus
001. Augustus, 27BC-14AD. AR Denarius. Ob Civis Servatos.58 viewsAR Denarius. Tarraco mint. 19 B.C.
Obv. Bare head right CAESAR AVGVSTVS

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS below and above wreath.

RIC I 75a, RSC 210, BMCRE 376-7 = BMCRR Rome 4389-90, BN 1164-9. gVF.

Incredibly high relief, almost 2mm from the fields. Wear only on the highest curls. Assigned to Tarraco by style based on work by Richard Prideauxin Triton XI.
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 381, Rome, AE-Dupondius, Cn.Piso Cn.F, Large S•C,58 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 381, Rome, AE-Dupondius, Cn.Piso Cn.F, Large S•C,
avers:- AVGVSTVS/TRIBVNIC/POTEST in three line, Legend in wreath.
revers:- CN-PISO-(CN-F-IIIVIR)-AAAFF around large S•C.
exe: S•C//--, diameter: 24,5-25,5 mm, weight: 6,45g, axis:11h,
mint: Rome, date: 15 B.C., ref: RIC-I-381, C
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,58 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2259, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//T*, Emperor and Cocordia,58 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2259, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//T*, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//T*, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-3, date: 274A.D., ref: T-2259 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Aurelian AE antoninianus, 270-275 AD, Mediolanum58 viewsAurelian
AE antoninianus – 22mm, 2.97g
Mediolanum, 270-275 AD
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Victory advancing r., extending wreath in r. hand, palm in l.
T in ex.
RIC Va 143

ex Forvm
2 commentsArdatirion
Azes II BI tetradrachm, 30-5 BC58 viewsAzes II
Indo-Scythian Kingdom
BI tetradrachm
35-5 BC
Azes II on horseback r, holding whip and raising r. hand
Zeus standing l, holding Nike and sceptre.
Mitchiner 2406
2 commentsArdatirion
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi58 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Ć 2 or 2˝ Nummi (11 mm, 1.17 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, apparently no legend. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

This coin is unusually heavy with a weight intermediate between 2.5 and 5 nummi coins.

Ex Gitbud & Naumann 2013
3 commentsJan (jbc)
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165158 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, No Date. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . Reference: KM #20. Note: Prev. KM#30.dpaul7
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-052a, #0158 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-052a, #01
avers:- Cross with crescents containing dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges between the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis: 6h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-052a, CHN-1-087, Huszar-099, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0258 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #02
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10 mm, weight: 0,25 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.58 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.


The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
Caracalla AE34 Provincial58 viewsCaracalla --Pisidia, Antioch. Ć 34mm (28.52 gm). IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / COL CAES ANTIOCH, S R across field, Męn standing facing, head right, holding long sceptre and Nike on globe. Krzyzanowska pl. XXII, XXVII. 06/08/20011 commentsfeatherz
2. Five knobbed base metal ring.58 views4.9 gm 24.4 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC
Measurement was taken without the knobs. The meaning of the knobs is not understood in modern times. The most obvious theory would be that they are related to the value of the ring money. However, a quick scan of the rings presented here clearly demonstrates that whatever value was represented could not be based on either dimension or weight. My own guess is that the value was controlled by dictum, perhaps by the priestly class. This particular example is considered scarce.
5h. Seventy-nine Knobbed Base Metal Ring58 views14.3 gm 36 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC.
The text-book definition of why knobs and value are related to neither weight nor dimension when compared to the ring shown just previous. To my mind it must solidify the theory that the relative value of these rings (coins) were dictated by a social class recognized and respected by the Celtic peoples, which I believe (without fact) were the priestly caste. This coin is considered extremely rare.
B2. Claudius II (Gothicus)58 viewsObv: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre.
Antoninianus, 3.2 gm, 20.1 mm, Siscia RIC 186
Byzantine Lead Seal, #08,58 viewsByzantine Lead Seal, #08,
size : 22x22mm,
weight: 9,72g,
C18 8-16-2006 6-55-09 PM.jpg
Arles, Constantine II58 viewsCONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust left

Campgate, 6 rows, 4 turrets, star above, Open door

TCONS(gamma) - S in left field, F in right field
Arles Mint

RIC VII Arles 322
Domitian as Caesar RIC T9658 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC T96 (C), BMC T85, RSC 395
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Hands clasped over aquila on prow

Struck in 80 AD under Titus, the reverse shows clasped hands over an aquila set on a prow, apparently representing "Concordia Militum" - "Harmony of the troops" (BMC II, xlii-xliii). An odd choice to be sure for anyone other than the emperor to issue. According to Suetonius - "After the death of his father, he (Domitian) hesitated for a long time whether he should offer the soldiery a double bounty and he never had any hesitation in stating that he had been left as a partner in the imperial position but that fraud had been applied to the will." (Suet., Dom., 2)

There is a COS VI of this reverse type assigned under Vespasian in both RIC and BMCRE but certainly post dates Vespasian's death.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
caes sever.jpg
Severus Alexander 222-23558 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-235 A.D.
Obv: bust r.
eagle displayed, supporting wreath enclosing the letters SPQR
Julius Caesar58 viewsCaius Julius Caesar, 100-44 BC, Denarius 47-46 BC.
Obverse: Diademed head of Venus right.
Reverse: CAESAR; Aeneas walking left, holding his father Anchises and palladium.
Cr.458/1. 3.75 g.
1 commentsb70
Kos, Islands off Caria58 views337 – 330 B.C.
Bronze Ć 16
2.71 gm, 15-16.5 mm
Obv.: Head of young Herakles right,
wearing lion's skin
Rev.: Crab, KΩI(?)
BMC Caria p.203, 102 var.;
HGC 6, 1336
4 commentsJaimelai
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 293e, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Sol with whip, #0258 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 293e, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Sol with whip, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol radiate, standing left, raising right .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,79g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-293e, p-256, C-390,
Troas, Alexandreia, Caracalla, Lindgren 33158 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE22, 6.1g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. GEN CO - L - AVG TRO
Genius standing facing, head l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and statue of Apollo
in his outstretched r. hand.
Lindgren & Kovacs 331; Bellinger -
about VF
added to

The statue is obviously a cult statue of APOLLO SMINTHEUS. This god was warshipped mainly in Alexandria/Troas. Its meaning is Apollo from Sminthia or Apollo the mouse-exterminator.
"Hear me,..., O god of the silver bow, that protects Chryse and holy Cilla and rulest Tenedos with thy might, hear me oh thou of Sminthe. If I have ever decked your temple with garlands, or burned your thigh-bones in fat of bulls or goats, grant my prayer, and let your arrows avenge these my tears upon the Danans."
(Iliad, I, 37-42, Samuel Butler)

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
Caracalla, 213 - 214 AD58 viewsANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG
Laureate bust right
Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
RIC 236, C 166
1 commentswhitetd49
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria58 viewsM AVREL ANTONIN
Head laureate, right
Nike advancing right with trophy (cuirass)
V99, R156 - unlisted die pair
Cohen 720
Kuzmanovic Collection -
2 commentswhitetd49
SPAIN. Castulo.58 viewsAE unit ( AS ). Early 1st.century BC. 12,90 grs. Male head left. L. QVL. F. before. Q. ISC. F behind / Europa seated sideways on bull running right. She extends both her hands, her mantle floating in the wind like a double halo. M. C. F. below.
SNG BM Spain 1394. Villaronga ,CNH 70
2 commentsbenito
C. Cato 123 BC.58 viewsC. Cato. 123 BC, silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted Roma right, X behind.
Reverse- Victory driving biga right, C. Cato, Roma in exergue.
Crawford 274/1.
Cherronesos, Thrace, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet, 58 viewsCherronesos, Thrace, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet,
avers:- Forepart of lion right, head turned back.
revers:- Quadripartite incuse with a pellet-pellet in the sunken quarters.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 2,36g, axis: 1h,
mint: Thrace, Cherronesos, date: cca. 400-350 B.C., ref: SNG-Cop-824-6,
CHINA - Ming Rebels - Da Shun58 viewsCHINA - Ming Rebels - Zhang Xianzhong - Da Shun (1644-1647). Cash coin, DA SHUN TONG BAO. Reverse: GONG at bottom. Board of Works. Hartill #21.8dpaul7
Cilicia, Anazarbos, Demeter / Artemis Perasia, AE1958 views113-114 AD
19mm, 4.22g
obv: KAICAP ANAZAP, veiled bust of Demeter right, poppy and corn-ear before
rev: veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing high headgear, torch to right, in field date ЄT BΛP

SNG BN 2026, Ziegler 122 for date ΓΛP
2 commentsareich
Maximian Coded - lamba I - Siscia - RIC 58058 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (F); Emperor and Herakles standing facing each other, altar between; with XXI gamma dot lamba I dot in ex.cscoppa
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old58 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
ROMAN EMPIRE, VESPASIAN - Brass dupondius - Roma58 viewsObv: "IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III" radiate hd. r.
Rev: "ROMA - SC" Roma seated l. on cuirass, holding wreath and parazonium, sheilds behind.
14.1g - 29mm - s.2351 - Rome AD71.

To me this is a quite stunning coin, showing so very clearly the quility of workmanship that was achieved in the Rome mint of AD71.
The coin is noticeably cuspoid, and the seated figure of Roma, lies protected by the lip. Note the differential wear on the obverse.

Provenance: It closely resembles that described and illustrated in Sear. It is accompanied by a 1960's? dealers ticket ~ price Ł70, and it is part of an extensive collection of Romans built by my father between 1965 and 1976. ~ but there is always doubt.
1 commentsjerseyjohnjames
58 viewsecoli
Greek, Syria, Apameia, ca.1st cent. B.C.58 viewsAE 20, Apameia, ca. 1st cent. B.C. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche facing right, dotted border. Rev: Nike advancing holding filleted wreath, APAMEWN THS EIPAS KAI ASYLOY, AN in right field, Seleukid era date GMS (70/69 BC) to right of Nike. Similar to Lindgren I, 2034, but with an unlisted date (Seleukid as opposed to Pompeian) and AN in field. Not in Lindgren, Not in Sear, Not in Hoover HGC 9.Molinari
Helena, Antioch58 viewsFL HELENA - AVGVSTA
Bust, Mantled with necklace, Plain band diademed with hair crest

Securitas standing, facing, holding branch

SMANT Δ Ε in right field

RIC VII Antioch 82
Ae Follis; 3.62g; 20mm
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 58 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuńada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
Constans, Victoriae dd avgg q nn.jpg
Constans- Siscia RIC 19558 viewsConstans AE3/4

[gamma]SIS in exergue
RIC Siscia 195

Gorgeous turquoise patina!!
Constantine the Great, (307-337)58 viewsConstantine the Great, Nicomedia mint 324-325
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, camp-gate with no doors and two turrets, star above
SMNA in ex.
2 commentsblot-sven
Constantine Nearly Fully Silvered Vot XX Aquilia58 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
VOT dot XX dot in badge at top of wreath
AQP Aquileia RIC VII Aquileia 65 r2
1 commentsJames b4
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Alexandria 72 var.58 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2 (Centenionalis), 6.04g
Alexandria, 4th officina, 15 March 351 - 6 Nov. 355
bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r.; horseman, bearded and wearing turban(!), turns to face soldier and extends l. arm (type FH3?)
in l. field Gamma
in ex. ALE Delta
RIC VIII, Alexandria 72 var. LRBC 2863
about VF, even brown patina

The position of the horseman is extraordinary and doesn't fit any of the RIC types of FH. And he doesn't wear a pointed cap - as described in RIC - but obviously a turban! So I think he is not an ordinary horseman but a dignitary.
The P in the rev. legend looks like a D. A proof that the legends on the obv. and the rev. are cut by different die cutters.

Not in Helvetica's FH lists.
1 commentsJochen
Roman Lead Imperial Seal: Constantius II58 viewsHead of Constantius II

legend begining DN on left Chi-Ro on right


12mm X 15mm

4th century AD
Jay GT4
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Treveri, RIC VII 372, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #158 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Treveri, RIC VII 372, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #1
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm. The sash visible on the bust.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197,
Crispus58 viewsCrispus - Ticinum Mint - Officina 3 - AE Follis - RIC VII 170

O: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right

R: DOMINOR dot NOSTROR dot CAESS around VOT dot X crescent in three lines within wreath, TT in exergue

3.5g, 19.2mm, 45 degree die axis, 320-321AD
2 commentsBiancasDad
Italy, Rome, Curia Iulia, Forum Romanum58 viewsCuria Julia (Latin: Curia Iulia, Italian: Curia Iulia) is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla’s reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did this in order to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and Forum Romanum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar’s successor Augustus in 29 BC. The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures to survive to the modern day mostly intact, due to its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However the roof, together with the upper elevations of the side walls and rear façade, are modern. These parts date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church in the 1930s.Joe Sermarini
Francois II de Montpensier (1582-1592), Double tournois type 3, cuivre - 159058 viewsAtelier de Trévoux
+ F . D . BOVRB . P . D . DOMBES . M . buste ŕ gauche
+ DOVBLE . TOVRNOIS . 1590 trois lis et une brisure
2.45 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 82, CGKL # 720 (b1 ?), PA # 5137v, Boudeau # 1065
Potator II
Domitian RIC 9958 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 82 AD
RIC 99 (R), BMC 25, RSC 592a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P; Minerva stg. l., with Victory and sceptre; at feet, shield

A rare coin that is part of the first issue of 82, but the last to be struck on the old standard. After this issue Domitian would increase the fineness and weight of the denarius as part of a coinage reform. Minerva and Victory did not become one of the standard Minerva types that were struck year after year until the end of the reign. It made its last appearance in this issue and is the scarcest type of the series.

Struck with new dies in superb veristic style. A really beautiful denarius showcasing the fine technical and artistic craftsmanship of the Rome mint.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Denarius Octavio RIC 543a.jpg
06-01 - OCTAVIO (32 - 27 A.C.)58 viewsAR Denario 16.5 x 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de un joven e inmaduro Octavio viendo a derecha.
Rev: Escudo Espańol (?) circular con tres filas concéntricas de clavos de adorno y un broche central - "IMP" sobre, "CAE" campo izq., "SAR" campo der. y "DIVI F" debajo.

Acuńada 35/34 A.C.
Ceca: Incierta

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #543a Pag.85 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1546 Pag.299 - Sear CRI #392 - BMCRR (Galia) #119 (= BMCRE #309) - RSC Vol.1 #126 Pag.140 - Cohen Vol.1 #126 Pag.82
Denarius P.CATO.jpg
22-01 - M. PORCIUS CATO (47/46 A.C.)58 views Mejor conocido como M. CATO UTECENSIS Propraetor y fiel adherente del partido de POMPEYO "El Grande" .

AR Denarius 18 mm 3.0 gr
Anv: Busto vestido de mujer (Roma o Libertas) viendo a derecha - "ROMA" (MA en ligadura) detrás y "M·CATO PRO·PR" delante del busto.
Rev: Victoria sentada a derecha portando Palma sobre hombro derecho y corona de laureles en mano izquierda. "VICTRIX" en Exergo.

Ceca: Utica - Tunez
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1381 Pag.263 - Craw RRC #462/1b - Syd CRR #1053a - BMCRR (Africa)#18 - RSC Vol.1 Porcia 10a Pag.81
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2558 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
Sicily, Syracuse.58 viewsCirca 395 BC. AE Drachm (32.64 gm). Obv.: SURA, head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet, olive wreath on bowl. Rev.: sea-star between two dolphins.1 commentsseleukoy
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 763 (C3), RSC II 283, BMCRE II 218, BnF III 193, Hunter I 88]58 viewsSilver denarius, choice VF, 3.289g, 18.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 14 Sep 93 - 13 Sep 94 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIII, laureate head right

Rev. - IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded shield at feet behind

Superb portrait, excellent centering, and rainbow toned reverse.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
1 commentsrenegade3220
CN Domitius Denarius 128bc58 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 137, Crawford 261/1, Sydenham 514, RSC I Domitia 14, VF, Rome mint, 128 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, stalk of grain behind, X (XVI in monogram) below chin; reverse ROMA, Victory in a biga right, man with spear fighting lion below, CN DOM in exergue.2 commentsAdrian S
Domitian RIC-14558 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 82-83 AD
RIC 145 (R), BMC 54, RSC 412
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVGVST; Salus std. l., with corn ears and poppy

In 82 AD Domitian banished his a rationibus Tiberius Julius and then proceeded to increase the fineness of both the silver and gold coins to pre-Neronian standards. The portraits also became more refined, prompting C. H. V. Sutherland to remark they possessed an expression of 'critical disdain, of a kind familiar to the medalist of Louis XLV'.

This denarius dates to 82-83 AD when Domitian improved the quality of the precious metal coinage. The reverse depicts Salus holding grain ears and poppies, an attribute H. Mattingly speculated may refer to Domitian's care for Italian agriculture. The coin itself is darkly toned with hints of a rainbow patina.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
Elis, Olympia, mid and later 2nd Century58 viewsAE Tetrachalkon. Zeus right.
Re. FA/LEI/WN within wreath. BMC 672. SNG Cop. 448. BCD 673. exM&M Numismatics.
Dupondio ANTONIA RIC 92.jpg
12-1 - ANTONIA (36 A.C. - 37 D.C.)58 viewsAE Dupondio 27 mm 10.2 gr. (IMITACIÓN PROVINCIAL)
Hija de Marco Antonio y Octavia, nieta de Augusto, esposa de Nero Claudius Drusus y madre de Germánico y Claudio. Emisión póstuma acuńada por su hijo Claudio

Anv: "ANTONIA [AVG]VSTA" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM [TR P] IMP - S C" - Claudio de pié a izquierda, vistiendo toga y velo, portando Simpulum en mano derecha extendida y pergamino enrollado en izquierda.

Acuńada 41 - 42 D.C.
Ceca: Inicialmente acreditada por mí a Roma, pero finalmente corregida esta acreditación por el Sr. Curtis Clay como una imitación Provincial.

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #92 Pag.127 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Claudius) #1902 Pag.375 - BMCRE #166 - Cohen Vol.1 #6 Pag.223 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN (Claudius) #143 - Von Kaenel Tipo 15 #292 (V216/R262)
edward iv groat london mint (2).jpg
Kingdom of England - Edward IV groat, London mint58 viewsEdward IV, AD 1461-1483
London, 1461-1464 AD
Crowned bust facing within a tressure of arches; trefoil on breast
Long cross pattée dividing legends; three pellets in each angle
Spinks 1973
1 commentsArdatirion
ENGLAND - Edward II58 viewsENGLAND - Edward II (1307-1327) AR PEnny. Sear 1460. London Mint. EDWAR ANG DNS HYB/CIVITAS LONDON.dpaul7
28 Elagabalus58 viewsAntoninianus. 219 AD. IMP ANTONINVS AVG, radiate draped bust right / TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus and cornucopiae. RIC 149, RSC 280, BMC 166. Weight 5.4 g. Die axis 12 hr. Max dia 24.1 mmmix_val
Elagabal, Antioch, Genius, AE2358 viewsPisidia, Antioch. Elagabalus, 218-222 AD.
AE 23mm (6.21 gm).
obv.: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS, laureate head right.
rev.: ANTIOCH COL CAS, Genius standing facing, holding cornucopiae and ears of corn.
SNG BN Paris 1182 (same obverse die)

ex Tom Vossen
1 commentsareich
Roman Plate, Enamelled, Zoomorpic-Plate-Frog-Fibula-059,58 viewsRoman Plate, Enamelled, Zoomorpic-Plate-Frog-Fibula-059,
type: ,
size: 30,5x17mm,
weight: 5,81g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #13,58 views080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #13,
avers:- HER-ETRVSCILLA-AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA-AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding scepter and drawing veil from her face.
diameter: 20-21 mm,
weight: 4,37 g,
axis: 7 h,
mint: Rome,
date: 249-251 A.D.,
ref: RIC-IV-III-58b, p127, C-17,
FA027139-0100110-I444. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.58 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars left, carrying spear and shield.
Mint marks:
24.0mm; 2.7g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
Unlisted in RIC.
Faustina I (Senior) * Vesta, 141-161 AD. AR Denarius58 views
Faustina I (Senior) * Vesta, Silver Denarius
‘In Honor & Remembrance of the beloved and deified Augusta.’

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA * draped bust right.
Rev: AVGVSTA * Vesta standing left, holding simpulum in right hand, arm partially extended, and the palladium in her left, also partially extended.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 148-161 AD.

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.24 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Very bright, clear luster and a pretty portrait despite the subtle effects of time and usage. Wonderful detail in the coiffure of piled & adorned hair. Greater wear evident to Vesta who nonetheless still reveals the numerous details the celator gave her. In all, a lovely & appealing coin.

Cohen, 108
RIC III, 368, page 71
SEAR RCV II (2002), 4587, page 269

Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,58 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Philippus I, sestertius (Simpson & Boyd collection)58 viewsFilippo I (244-249 d.C.), sesterzio
AE, 20.35 gr, 28 mm, BB+
D/ IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, busto laureato a dx
R/ VICTORIA AVG S C, Vittoria che marcia a dx reggendo corona e palma
RIC 191a
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (3 luglio 2009, numero archivio 7bis), ex rev. dr. Simpson collection (London 1889), ex William C. Boyd collection (London, 16 dicembre 1889), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London 26 settembre 2005), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins New York, Londra fino al 2009).

2 commentspaolo
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #158 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
707a, Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.58 viewsGalba AE As, 68-69 AD; cf. SRC 727, 729ff; 27.85mm, 12g; Rome: Obverse: GALBA IMP CAESAR…, Laureate head right; Reverse: S P Q R OB CIV SER in oak wreath; gF+/F Ex. Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Galba (68-69 A.D.)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

The evidence for the principate of Galba is unsatisfactory. The sources either concentrate on the personality of the man, thereby failing to offer a balanced account of his policies and a firm chronological base for his actions; or, they focus on the final two weeks of his life at the expense of the earlier part of his reign. As a result, a detailed account of his principate is difficult to write. Even so, Galba is noteworthy because he was neither related to nor adopted by his predecessor Nero. Thus, his accession marked the end of the nearly century-long control of the Principate by the Julio-Claudians. Additionally, Galba's declaration as emperor by his troops abroad set a precedent for the further political upheavals of 68-69. Although these events worked to Galba's favor initially, they soon came back to haunt him, ending his tumultuous rule after only seven months.

Early Life and Rise to Power
Born 24 December 3 BC in Tarracina, a town on the Appian Way, 65 miles south of Rome, Servius Galba was the son of C. Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica. Galba's connection with the noble house of the Servii gave him great prestige and assured his acceptance among the highest levels of Julio-Claudian society. Adopted in his youth by Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, he is said to have owed much of his early advancement to her. Upon her death, Livia made Galba her chief legatee, bequeathing him some 50 million sesterces. Tiberius, Livia's heir, reduced the amount, however, and then never paid it. Galba's marriage proved to be a further source of disappointment, as he outlived both his wife Lepida and their two sons. Nothing else is known of Galba's immediate family, other than that he remained a widower for the rest of his life.

Although the details of Galba's early political career are incomplete, the surviving record is one of an ambitious Roman making his way in the Emperor's service. Suetonius records that as praetor Galba put on a new kind of exhibition for the people - elephants walking on a rope. Later, he served as governor of the province of Aquitania, followed by a six-month term as consul at the beginning of 33. Ironically, as consul he was succeeded by Salvius Otho, whose own son would succeed Galba as emperor. Over the years three more governorships followed - Upper Germany (date unknown), North Africa (45) and Hispania Tarraconensis, the largest of Spain's three provinces (61). He was selected as a proconsul of Africa by the emperor Claudius himself instead of by the usual method of drawing lots. During his two-year tenure in the province he successfully restored internal order and quelled a revolt by the barbarians. As an imperial legate he was a governor in Spain for eight years under Nero, even though he was already in his early sixties when he assumed his duties. The appointment showed that Galba was still considered efficient and loyal. In all of these posts Galba generally displayed an enthusiasm for old-fashioned disciplina, a trait consistent with the traditional characterization of the man as a hard-bitten aristocrat of the old Republican type. Such service did not go unnoticed, as he was honored with triumphal insignia and three priesthoods during his career.

On the basis of his ancestry, family tradition and service to the state Galba was the most distinguished Roman alive (with the exception of the houses of the Julii and Claudii) at the time of Nero's demise in 68. The complex chain of events that would lead him to the Principate later that year began in March with the rebellion of Gaius Iulius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis. Vindex had begun to sound out provincial governors about support for a rebellion perhaps in late 67 or early 68. Galba did not respond but, because of his displeasure with Neronian misgovernment, neither did he inform the emperor of these treasonous solicitations. This, of course, left him dangerously exposed; moreover, he was already aware that Nero, anxious to remove anyone of distinguished birth and noble achievements, had ordered his death. Given these circumstances, Galba likely felt that he had no choice but to rebel.

In April, 68, while still in Spain, Galba "went public," positioning himself as a vir militaris, a military representative of the senate and people of Rome. For the moment, he refused the title of Emperor, but it is clear that the Principate was his goal. To this end, he organized a concilium of advisors in order to make it known that any decisions were not made by him alone but only after consultation with a group. The arrangement was meant to recall the Augustan Age relationship between the emperor and senate in Rome. Even more revealing of his imperial ambitions were legends like LIBERTAS RESTITUTA (Liberty Restored), ROM RENASC (Rome Reborn) and SALUS GENERIS HUMANI (Salvation of Mankind), preserved on his coinage from the period. Such evidence has brought into question the traditional assessment of Galba as nothing more than an ineffectual representative of a bygone antiquus rigor in favor of a more balanced portrait of a traditional constitutionalist eager to publicize the virtues of an Augustan-style Principate.
Events now began to move quickly. In May, 68 Lucius Clodius Macer, legate of the III legio Augusta in Africa, revolted from Nero and cut off the grain supply to Rome. Choosing not to recognize Galba, he called himself propraetor, issued his own coinage, and raised a new legion, the I Macriana liberatrix. Galba later had him executed. At the same time, 68, Lucius Verginius Rufus, legionary commander in Upper Germany, led a combined force of soldiers from Upper and Lower Germany in defeating Vindex at Vesontio in Gallia Lugdunensis. Verginius refused to accept a call to the emperorship by his own troops and by those from the Danube, however, thereby creating at Rome an opportunity for Galba's agents to win over Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt praetorian prefect since 65. Sabinus was able to turn the imperial guard against Nero on the promise that they would be rewarded financially by Galba upon his arrival. That was the end for Nero. Deposed by the senate and abandoned by his supporters, he committed suicide in June. At this point, encouraged to march on Rome by the praetorians and especially by Sabinus, who had his own designs on the throne, Galba hurriedly established broad-based political and financial support and assembled his own legion (subsequently known as the legio VII Gemina). As he departed from Spain, he abandoned the title of governor in favor of "Caesar," apparently in an attempt to lay claim to the entire inheritance of the Julio-Claudian house. Even so, he continued to proceed cautiously, and did not actually adopt the name of Caesar (and with it the emperorship) until sometime after he had left Spain.

The Principate of Galba
Meanwhile, Rome was anything but serene. An unusual force of soldiers, many of whom had been mustered by Nero to crush the attempt of Vindex, remained idle and restless. In addition, there was the matter concerning Nymphidius Sabinus. Intent on being the power behind the throne, Nymphidius had orchestrated a demand from the praetorians that Galba appoint him sole praetorian prefect for life. The senate capitulated to his pretensions and he began to have designs on the throne himself. In an attempt to rattle Galba, Nymphidius then sent messages of alarm to the emperor telling of unrest in both the city and abroad. When Galba ignored these reports, Nymphidius decided to launch a coup by presenting himself to the praetorians. The plan misfired, and the praetorians killed him when he appeared at their camp. Upon learning of the incident, Galba ordered the executions of Nymphidius' followers. To make matters worse, Galba's arrival was preceded by a confrontation with a boisterous band of soldiers who had been formed into a legion by Nero and were now demanding legionary standards and regular quarters. When they persisted, Galba's forces attacked, with the result that many of them were killed.
Thus it was amid carnage and fear that Galba arrived at the capital in October, 68, accompanied by Otho, the governor of Lusitania, who had joined the cause. Once Galba was within Rome, miscalculations and missteps seemed to multiply. First, he relied upon the advice of a corrupt circle of advisors, most notably: Titus Vinius, a general from Spain; Cornelius Laco, praetorian prefect; and his own freedman, Icelus. Second, he zealously attempted to recover some of Nero's more excessive expenditures by seizing the property of many citizens, a measure that seems to have gone too far and to have caused real hardship and resentment. Third, he created further ill-will by disbanding the imperial corps of German bodyguards, effectively abolishing a tradition that originated with Marius and had been endorsed by Augustus. Finally, he seriously alienated the military by refusing cash rewards for both the praetorians and for the soldiers in Upper Germany who had fought against Vindex.

This last act proved to be the beginning of the end for Galba. On 1 January 69 ("The Year of the Four Emperors"), the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. In response, Galba adopted Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus to show that he was still in charge and that his successor would not be chosen for him. Piso, although an aristocrat, was a man completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate, and it especially angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with the now-familiar promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered.

In sum, Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." Modern historians of the Roman world have been no less critical. To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards. He was also guilty of relying on poor advisors, who shielded him from reality and ultimately allowed Otho's conspiracy to succeed. Additionally, the excessive power of his henchmen brought the regime into disfavor and made Galba himself the principal target of the hatred that his aides had incited. Finally, the appointment of Piso, a young man in no way equal to the challenges placed before him, further underscored the emperor's isolation and lack of judgment. In the end, the instability of the post-Julio-Claudian political landscape offered challenges more formidable than a tired, septuagenarian aristocrat could hope to overcome. Ironically, his regime proved no more successful than the Neronian government he was so eager to replace. Another year of bloodshed would be necessary before the Principate could once again stand firm.

Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #358 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #3
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, crescent left, E right.
exergo: Crescent/A// SIS, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 7,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 309-310 A.D., ref:, C-,
Gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 285 (S)58 viewsAE 19 - 22 mm 3.1 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: SOLI CONS AVG. Bull standing or walking right
EX :: XI
RIC V-1, Rome 285 (S)
Purchased 12/2010
ENGLAND - GEORGE IV58 viewsGeorge IV - Britannia seated on reverse. 1826 FARTHING. KM-697dpaul7
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-072, #0158 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-072, #01
avers:- Cross with dots and wedges in the angles, crosses at the ends of the arms, lines connecting the crosses; border of dots.
revers:- Dot amongst four wedges and four dots; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,22 g, axis: 4h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-072, CHN-1-145, Huszar-152,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
GIII Ric 51.jpg
RIC-063 Gordian III - Aequitas58 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AEQVITAS AVG - Equity standing left , holding cornucopia and scales
AR Ant. Rome Mint 3rd issue
242 AD - Gordian III - 238-244 AD - Fortuna - Antioch58 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Radiate, draped and curraissed bust right
FORTVNAREDVX - Fortuna seated left, holding cornucopia and rudder

Antioch mint, 242-244 AD, Ric 210, Cohen 98
064 - Septimius Severus Ar Drachm - Syd. -58 viewsObv:– AY KAI L CEPT CEOVHPOC, Laureate head right
Rev:– MHTPO KAICAPIACW, Male figure (Argaios(?)), laureate, draped seated left on Mount Argaeus, holding branch
Minted in Caesarea, Cappadocia. Year 17, ETIZ in exe. A.D. 209

Apparently unlisted in Sydenham, cf. Syd. #403, which is a matching didrachm of this type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Corinthia, Corinth Ar Stater58 views(380-360 BC)
Obv.: Pegasos standing with curled wings.
Rev.: Head of Athena wearing Corinthian helmet, dolphin in front, thymiaterion behind.
Pegasi I 283. Ravel 779.
4 commentsMinos
Lokris, Lokris Opuntia, Greek, AE-13, SNG Cop 68, very Rare !!!58 viewsLokris, Lokris Opuntia, Greek, AE-13, SNG Cop 68, very Rare !!!
avers:- Athena helmeted bust right.
revers:- LOK left down, PΩN right up, Bunch of Grapes with tendrils and vine leaves.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,93g, axes: 4h,
mint: Lokris, Lokris Opuntia, date: Last quarter of the 4th century B.C., very Rare !!!
ref: SNGCop 68, BMC Central Greece p-8,
Macedonian Kingdom58 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mřrkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
Hendin-64958 viewsPontius Pilate - prutah (year 17 = 30AD)
1.80 grams
Hadrian Denarius Concordia.jpg
Hadrian, AR denarius58 viewsConcordia reverse. Interesting portrait of Hadrian with full bust.Optimus
Hadrian Denarius58 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian denarius58 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
Hadrian Denarius Pietas58 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Pietas seated left, holding spear and caduecus
2 commentsancientdave
Hadrian "Quadrans" Modius58 viewsObv.

Radiate Head Right


Modius with 6 ears of grain

Rare. RIC 700
3 commentsancientdave
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD58 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
laur. bust right with drapery on shoulder

Roma standing right with spear, parazonium and foot on helmet

Rome 125-128 AD
RSC 353

1 commentsTitus Pullo
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Dupondius 58 viewsObv:
Radiate bust r.
Pegasus flying r.
RIC 658
4 commentsTRPOT
Western Han Jade Protomoney58 viewsDate: 206 BC – 9 AD, Rare
Size: diameter 35 mm
Weight: 6.81 grams

This is one of the earliest primitive Chinese coin types consisting of a piece of jade carved into a shape of a coin, with a large center hole for stringing. Round pieces of jade in the shape of coins are found in tombs from the Western Han period. This type is the latest, made of polished jade. No one is sure what the purpose of these rings was, but because of their shape and their find-spots it is thought they were used as primitive coins or exchange mediums.
Heretical Heavy Guns58 viewsScotvs Capitis
Henry III AR Penny. Class Vb, London, NICOLE ON LVND.JPG
King 08, Henry III 1216-1272. AR Penny, Class Vb, London mint. NICOL ON LVND.58 viewsObv. Crowned head of Henry III facing, with sceptre hENRICVS REX III
Rev. Long cross NICOL ON LVND
Class Vb, London mint.
Herenius Etruscus antoninianus.jpg
Herennius Etruscus, AR antoninianus58 viewsOptimus
Hendin 1190: Herod the Great, Eagle Lepton58 viewsHerod the Great. 37-4 B.C.. AE half-prutah. Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1190. Obverse: (Of King Herod in Greek), single cornucopia. Reverse: Eagle standing right. Ex Amphora.

The first coin by a Jewish ruler to depict a graven image. This could be a reference to the golden bird King Herod placed at the Second Temple in Jerusalem.
Lucas H
Canada (Newfoundland), gold 2-dollar piece, 188158 viewsA sweet little gold Vickie.lordmarcovan
098-217 AD - HIERAPOLIS (Phrygia) AE18 58 viewsobv: - (bare head of Hercules)
rev: IERAPO-LITWN (winged Nemesis standing left, holding bridle, within dotted border)
ref: SNG Cop. 422. Weber, Hierapolis 142, 8
4.43gms, 18mm
Hierapolis can mean "sacred city", because of the several temples. The city was devastated by an earthquake which took place in 17 A.D. during the reign of Tiberius. In 60 AD, during the rule of emperor Nero, an even more severe earthquake left the city completely in ruins. Afterwards the city was rebuilt in Roman style with the financial support from the emperor. Hierapolis was visited by the Emperor Hadrian in 129 A.D., the Emperor Caracalla in 215 and the Emperor Valens in 370.
On obverse is a typical Hercules head, compare to my CORNELIA 58 denarius.
Honorius (RIC X 1357)58 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Ć (11 mm, 1.15 g), Rome. Obverse: DN HONORI-(VS PF AVG). Reverse: (VICTOR)-IA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm branch, RM in exergue, T in left field. RIC X 1357, C.jbc
Huszár 846, Pohl 258-11, Unger 675t, Réthy II 308A, dated 1525 58 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: 1525, with annulets on either side of date, above four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon, rosette between two annulets on sides of shield.

Rev: Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L—S (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1521-1525 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1521-1526 (per Pohl).

This type was an inflationary currency that was referred to by contemporaries as “moneta nova.” On average, 400 denars, each weighing 0.49 g., were struck form Ofner mark of silver with a fineness of 0,250 (per Huszár). They were officially valued at ˝ a denar, but the public did not accept them at this overvalued rate (per Huszár & Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
Huszár 549, Pohl 91, Unger 438, Réthy II 90 58 viewsHungary. Louis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR obol, .20 g.

Obv: + REGIS LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: Saracen head left.

All catalogs refer to the Saracen-head side of this emission as the reverse, although Pohl displays that side to the left (where the obverse is traditionally displayed) for consistency of presentation.

Struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszar later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372) in an unidentified mint by an unknown moneyer (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 7.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Huszár 586, Pohl 124- , Unger 456 , Réthy II 129 58 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxemburg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 12-13 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, I–symbol (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Pozsony (now Bratislava, Slovakia) (per Pohl), known as Istropolis in the middle ages (hence the I in the mark), but the precise combination of marks is unlisted.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This privy mark is unrecorded.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, 223-224)
Lycaonia, Iconium. Nero Ć20. Head of Perseus58 viewsNero Ć20 of Iconium, Lycaonia. 54-68.
Obv: NEPWN KAICAP CEBACTOC Laureate head r.
Rev: KLAYDEIKONIEWN Head of Perseus r., harpa over shoulder.
RPC 3545. 4.3g, 20mm
1 commentsancientone
Nickel-Bronze ĂĽks Mark.58 viewsEstonia. Republic (1918-1941) Nickel-Bronze 1 Mark

Denomination 1 Mark
Date Struck 1924
Mint Tallinn
Obv: Arms of State, date between
Weight 2.56 gm.
Diameter 18 mm
Grade VF.
Material Nickel-Bronze
Mintage 1984760, Reference Eesti Vabariigi mündid ja paberrahad, Gunnar Haljak. Väljaandja Tallinn 2008

Wedjat58 viewsHorus eye
3 cm
3čme intermediate period or late period
Wedjat58 viewsHorus eye
2 cm
late period
1 commentsfrederic
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/558 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Marcus Aurelius58 viewsPallazo AltempsJohny SYSEL
58 viewsSome coins displayed in the Alte Museum Berlin.1 commentsareich
Rare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries 3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!58 viewsRare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries
3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!
Notes: Rare coin, very-very tiny (measuring 2-4mm in diameter and weighing from 0.08 to 0.1 g or so). These are probably the tiniest gold coins ever minted for general circulation. Very rare, these come from a hoard of these, recently unearthed.

Antonio Protti
Iovi Conservatori Cldcf58 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, front view, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: IOVICONSERVATORI, SC left and right, low in field
Jupiter naked except for cloak hanging behind him over both arms, standing front, head left, holding thurderbolt in right hand and vertical spear (sceptre?) in left
BMC 61*, RIC 559 (but without Severus Alexander, typo?)
weight, 13.06g; die axis, 6h
A scarce specimen with reverse slightly double struck. A rather thinnish flan
2 commentsmix_val
JAPAN - Ansei Era58 viewsJAPAN - Ansei Isshu Gin. Obv: 一朱銀 Isshu Gin (1 Shu Silver). Rev: An incuse stamp 定 Jo, meaning “Guaranteed”. 銀座 Ginza (Silver Mint) 常是 Joze, name of the mint official. Top left and right stroke of 常curved. Weight 0.5 momme (1.89 grams), 96.8% silver. (1854-65). Mint: Edo. Reference: Hartill #9.86.2 commentsdpaul7
Moesia inferior, Istros, Septimius Severus, AMNG 493 (rev)58 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 28
Head, laureate, r.
Bearded horseman with kalathos and chlamys over shoulder trotting on horse
r.; horse has raised l. forefoot, behind standing a staff with pointed lower end
and bird std. r. on top.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 493
obv. AMNG I/1, 495 (obv.)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 614 var (slightly different obv.-legend: AV KL...)
Very rare, VF, dark-green patina, light roughness

The horseman is not Serapis but seems to be the Thracian Rider-god Heros. Serapis riding on a horse is not possible! The bird should be an eagle or sea-eagle like on the city's coat of arms. To call the rider Mitras - as Varbanov has done - is nonsense although there are some similarities with the riding Mithras from Trapezunt. But Mithras never wears a kalathos but always a Phrygian bonnet.
1 commentsJochen
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-086, #0258 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-086, #02
avers:- Four crosses and four crescents around Jerusalem cross; border of dots.
revers:- Three dots between two crosses; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,0 mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-086, CHN-1-157, Huszar-171, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Italy- Pompeii- House with nice mosaic and fountain 1.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- House with nice mosaic and fountain 158 viewsFOUNTAIN
House of the Small Fountain Pompeii Another fountain with mosaic decorations, including abstract and geometric designs, fish, shells, and other sea life.
John Schou
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great.jpg
Italy- Rome- The Arch of Constantine The Great58 viewsArch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312 AD. Dedicated in 315 AD, it is the latest of the extant triumphal arches in Rome, from which it differs by the extensive re-use of parts of earlier buildings.

General Description
The arch is 21 m high, 25.7 m wide and 7.4 m deep. It has three archways, the central one being 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, the lateral archways 7.4 m by 3.4 m each. The lower part of the monument is built of marble blocks, the top (called attic) is brickwork revetted with marble. A staircase formed in the thickness of the arch is entered from a door at some height from the ground, in the end towards the Palatine Hill. The general design with a main part structured by detached columns and an attic with the main inscription above is modelled after the example of the Arch of Septimius Severus on the Forum Romanum. It has been suggested that the lower part of the arch is re-used from an older monument, probably from the times of the emperor Hadrian (Conforto et al., 2001; for a defence of the view that the whole arch was constructed in the 4th century, see Pensabene & Panella). The arch spans the Via Triumphalis, the way taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph. This route started at the Campus Martius, led through the Circus Maximus and around the Palatine Hill; immediately after the Arch of Constantine, the procession would turn left and march along the Via Sacra to the Forum Romanum and on to the Capitoline Hill, passing both the Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus. During the Middle Ages, the Arch of Constantine was incorporated into one of the family strongholds of ancient Rome. Works of restoration were first carried out in the 18th century; the last excavations have taken place in the late 1990s, just before the Great Jubilee of 2000.

The decoration of the arch heavily uses parts of older monuments, which are given a new meaning in the context of the Constantinian building. As it celebrates the victory of Constantine, the new "historic" friezes illustrating his campaign in Italy convey the central meaning: the praise of the emperor, both in battle and in his civilian duties. The other imagery supports this purpose: decoration taken from the "golden times" of the Empire under Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius places Constantine next to these "good emperors", and the content of the pieces evokes images of the victorious and pious ruler. Another explanation given for the re-use is the short time between the start of construction (late 312 at the earliest) and the dedication (summer 315), so the architects used existing artwork to make up for the lack of time to create new one. As yet another possible reason, it has often been suggested that the Romans of the 4th century lacked the artistic skill to produce acceptable artwork and therefore plundered the ancient buildings to adorn their contemporary monuments. This interpretation has become less prominent in more recent times, as the art of Late Antiquity has been appreciated in its own right. It is, of course, possible that a combination of two or all three of those explanations are correct, as they are not mutually exclusive.

Above the middle archway, the main inscription (see below) takes the most prominent place of the attic. It is identical on both sides of the arch. Flanking the inscription on both sides, there are pairs of relief panels above the minor archways, 8 in total. They were taken from an unknown monument erected in honour of Marcus Aurelius, and show (north side, left to right) the emperor's return to Rome after the campaign (adventus), the emperor leaving the city and saluted by a personification of the Via Flaminia, the emperor distributing money among the people (largitio), the emperor interrogating a German prisoner, (south side, left to right) a captured enemy chieftain led before the emperor, a similar scene with other prisoners, the emperor speaking to the troops (adlocutio), and the emperor sacrificing pig, sheep and bull. Together with three panels now in the Capitoline Museum, the reliefs were probably taken from a triumphal monument commemorating Marcus Aurelius' war against the Sarmatians from 169 - 175, which ended with his triumphant return in 176. On the largitio panel, the figure of Marcus Aurelius' son Commodus has been eradicated after the latter's damnatio memoriae. On top of each of the columns stand marble statues of Dacian prisoners from the times of Trajan, probably taken from the Forum of Trajan. From the same time date the two large (3 m high) panels decorating the attic on the small sides of the arch, showing scenes from the emperor's Dacian Wars. Together with the two reliefs on the inside of the central archway, they came from a large frieze celebrating the Dacian victory. The original place of this frieze was either the Forum of Trajan, as well, or the barracks of the emperor's horse guard on the Caelius.

Main Section
The general layout of the main facade is identical on both sides of the arch. It is divided by four columns of Corinthian order made of Numidian yellow marble (giallo antico), one of which has been transferred into the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano and was replaced by a white marble column. The columns stand on bases showing victory figures on front, and captured barbarians and Roman soldiers on the sides. The spandrels of the main archway are decorated with reliefs depicting victory figures with trophies, those of the smaller archways show river gods. Column bases and spandrel reliefs are from the times of Constantine. Above each lateral archway are pairs of round reliefs dated to the times of emperor Hadrian. They display scenes of hunting and sacrificing: (north side, left to right) hunt of a boar, sacrifice to Apollo, hunt of a lion, sacrifice to Hercules, (south side, left to right) departure for the hunt, sacrifice to Silvanus, hunt of a bear, sacrifice to Diana. The head of the emperor (originally Hadrian) has been reworked in all medaillons: on the north side, into Constantine in the hunting scenes and into Licinius or Constantius I in the sacrifice scenes; on the south side, vice versa. The reliefs, c. 2 m in diameter, were framed in porphyry; this framing is only extant on the right side of the northern facade. Similar medaillons, this time of Constantinian origin, are placed on the small sides of the arch; on the eastern side, showing the Sun rising, and on the western side, the Moon, both on chariots. The main piece from the time of Constantine is the "historical" relief frieze running around the monument under the round panels, one strip above each lateral archway and at the small sides of the arch. These reliefs depict scenes from the Italian campaign of Constantine against Maxentius which was the reason for the construction of the monument. The frieze starts at the western side with the "Departure from Milan". It continues on the southern, "outward" looking face, with the siege of a city, probably Verona, which was of great importance to the war in Northern Italy; also on that face, the Battle of Milvian Bridge with Constantine's army victorious and the enemy drowning in the river Tiber. On the eastern side, Constantine and his army enter Rome; the artist here has avoided to use the imagery of the triumph, as Constantine probably did not want to be shown triumphant over the Eternal City. On the northern face, looking "towards" the city, two strips with the emperor's actions after taking possession of Rome: Constantine speaking to the citizens on the Forum Romanum, and distributing money to the people.

Inner Sides of the Archways
In the central archway, there is one of the large panels of Trajan's Dacian War on either wall. Inside the lateral archways, eight portraits busts (two on each wall), destroyed to such an extent that it is not possible to identify them any more.

The main inscription reads:


Which means in English:

To the Emperor Caesar Flavius Constantinus, the greatest, pious, and blessed Augustus: because he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his mind, has delivered the state from the tyrant and all of his followers at the same time, with his army and just force of arms, the Senate and People of Rome have dedicated this arch, decorated with triumphs.

The words instinctu divinitatis ("inspired by the divine") have been much commented. They are usually read as sign of Constantine's shifting religious affiliation: The Christian tradition, most notably Lactantius and Eusebius of Caesarea, relate the story of a vision of the Christian god to Constantine during the campaign, and that he was victorious in the sign of the cross at the Milvian Bridge. The official documents (esp. coins) still prominently display the Sun God until 324 AD, while Constantine started to support the Christian church from 312 on. In this situation, the vague wording of the inscription can be seen as the attempt to please all possible readers, being deliberately ambiguous, and acceptable to both pagans and Christians. As was customary, the vanquished enemy is not mentioned by name, but only referred to as "the tyrant", drawing on the notion of the rightful killing of a tyrannical ruler; together with the image of the "just war", it serves as justification of Constantine's civil war against his co-emperor Maxentius.

Two short inscriptions on the inside of the central archway transport a similar message: Constantine came not as conqueror, but freed Rome from occupation:

LIBERATORI VRBIS (liberator of the city) - FUNDATORI QVIETIS (founder of peace)

Over each of the small archways, inscriptions read:


They give a hint on the date of the arch: "Solemn vows for the 10th anniversary - for the 20th anniversary" and "as for the 10th, so for the 20th anniversary". Both refer to Constantine's decennalia, i.e. the 10th anniversary of his reign (counted from 306), which he celebrated in Rome in the summer of 315 AD. It can be assumed that the arch honouring his victory was inaugurated during his stay in the city.

John Schou
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denar, U-213, #0158 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denar, U-213, #01
avers: +REX•BELA•QVARTVS, Agnus Dei in circle of dots advancing left with cross, border of dots.
revers: •VNGA•-RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and sceptre, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-213_CNH-1-229_Huszar-294,
J06j-Hyrcanus H-459.jpg
John Hyrcanus I "Yehochanan", (Hasmonean King), Æ Prutah, 134-104 BCE58 viewsBronze prutah of Hyrcanus I "Yehochanan", 2.2g, 13.5mm, Jerusalem mint.

Obverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns.
Reverse: Hebrew inscription, “Yehochanan the High Priest and Head of the Council of the Jews” –
יהוחנן הכהן הגדול ראש חבר היהדים, surrounded by wreath.

References: Hendin 459

Added to collection: November 7, 2005
Daniel Friedman
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,58 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,
avers:- + TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-cX); border of dots.
revers:- + m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu),
mint mark: h-cX, by Christophorus de Florentia, by (Pohl).,
date: 1446 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-485.e, CNH-2-156, Huszar-618,
Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel (New York, New York)58 viewsAE token, 32.7 mm., 10.639 gr., undated (but probably issued in 1923 or 1928).

Obv: THE GREAT DRIVE FOR A HOME FOR THE AGED and 232 E. 10 ST., along toothed rim, HELP US/BUILD above building and HOME OF THE/SONS AND DAUGHTERS/OF ISRAEL below building.

Rev: CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR along toothed rim, HELP US/AND/GOD/WILL/HELP YOU between busts of woman and bearded man.

Ref: Meshorer, Coins Reveal 147; Kenny, So-Called Dollars 229; Leonard, Jr., Robert D. “Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel: Its History and Contribution Tokens.” The Shekel, XXXVIII No. 6 (Nov. to Dec. 2005). pp. 14-23 (this token is depicted as Obverse A); Randolph, Marc A. “Jewish Homes for the Aged Tokens,” The Shekel, XXXVI No. 3 (May-June 2003) 14-19, Figure 5; ANS Database 2000.1.511.

Note: Organized in 1909 and incorporated in 1912, the Home acquired 230 East Tenth Street in December 1914. The adjacent 232 East Tenth Street was acquired by April 1915, and in May 1919 plans for a new building, encompassing both addresses, were approved. On June 21, 1925 the Home expanded into yet a third adjacent building on East Tenth Street. On December 22, 1935, it relocated to a larger building at 232-38 East Twelfth Street, where it remained in operation until the mid-1960s.

Note: There was a $400,000 fund drive in 1923 and a $100,000 fund drive in 1928, and this token could have been issued in connection with either of those events.

Note: Leonard noted that these tokens were made in such large numbers that three obverse dies were required (the designation of obverse and reverse on these is arbitrary, and I refer to the side which Leonard termed the obverse as the reverse). The differences noted by Leonard pertain to the distance between the rim and the words CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR, the relief of the woman, especially at the shoulder, and the man’s bust. But there are also others. This token is Leonard Obverse A (described by Leonard as CONTRIBUTION/ONE DOLLAR far from rim, woman in high relief).

ex Robert J. Leonard, Jr. collection.
Julia Domna, Luna58 viewsJulia Domna
AR Denarius;

diademed and draped bust right

Luna driving biga left

RIC 379c [Caracalla], RSC 105, BMC 10
3 commentsarizonarobin
Jovian58 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 423, S 4086, VM 12, VF, Siscia mint, 3.081g, 19.2mm, 45o, 363 - 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIAN-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse , VOT V in wreath, crescent [...]SISC in ex

purchased 09/2007 forvm e-bay auctions
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Julia Mamaea58 viewsIVLIA MAMAEA AVG
RIC 355, BMC 152, C 72
C. IVNI. C.F denarius58 viewsC. IVNI. C.F denarius minted in Roma in 149 BC.
Grs 3,87 and 17 mm.
Observe : helmeted head of Roma looking right. Behind X. Border of dots. Reverse : Dioscuri riding right ; below C.IVNI. C.F. Below ROMA.
Crawford 210/1, Sydenham 392, RSC Junia 1, Babelon Junia 1.

A common denarius but a really splendid old patina and a very well preserved specimen. The "scratch" on the neck on the observe is not a scratch, it is a die issue (metal in relief).
3 commentslabienus
0565-0578 AD - Justin II - Sear 366 - Half Follis58 viewsEmperor: Justin II (r. 565-578 AD)
Date: 569-570 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: D N IVSTINVS PP AV (or similar)
Justin, on left, and Sophia, on right, seated facing on double throne, both nimbate; he holds globus cruciger, she holds cruciform sceptre.

Reverse: Large K; above, cross; to left, A/N/N/O; to right, E
Exergue: TES (Thessalonica mint)

Sear 366
4.76g; 23.5mm; 150°
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #0258 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #02
avers:- CALMAN-REX, crossleted cross in circle of dots with lines in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX (sometimes, Illegible legend), cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,3 mm, weight: 0,48 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-029, CHN-1-046, Huszar-038,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great58 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Apparently unpublished; Thompson -, Müller -, SNG -, Armenak Hoard -, Black Sea Hoard - , et al. -, gVF, nice style, a few bump, small test cut in edge, Lysimachia(?) mint, weight 17.024g, maximum diameter 30.0mm, die axis 90o, c. 297 - 281 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left on prow-like throne, Nike crowning king's name in right, rests left arm on round shield behind, ΠA monogram over AP monogram left, lion head left in exergue; possibly unique;

EX; FORVM Ancient Coins ' Shop.

We were unable to find another example with this combination of control symbols. Thompson lists the lion head and AP monogram control symbols for Lysimachia, but not together. The ΠA monogram is not listed for not for Lysimachia but is listed for other mints.

*With my sincere thank , Photo and Description courtesy of FORVM Ancient Coins Staff.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
Syria, Seleukis and Pieria. Laodicea ad Mare. Ć1458 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing.
1st century BC. Ć14, 2.5 g.
1 commentsancientone
220 Romanus III Argyrus, AD 1028-103458 viewsGold histamenon nomisma, 26mm, 4.37g, VF
Struck at Constantinople AD 1028-1029
+IhS REX REGNANTINM, Christ enthroned facing, wears nimbus cruciger and colobium, raises right hand and holds Gospels with left; double border / ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW MΘ, the figures of Romanus (left) and the Virgin standing facing; bearded Romanus wears saccos and loros, and holds globus cruciger; the nimbate Virgin wears pallium and maphorum, and with right hand crowns the emperor; double border
Ex: Harlan Berk
DOC 1d; Sear 1819; Berk 296
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Ake 308-307 BC58 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 27.3mm, 17.12g, VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, right leg drawn back. Intricate date monogram in left field.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price 3297
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Constantinople58 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor with Sword and Globus Cruciger
Sear 2045
[1640ai] Leo VI, the Wise, 6 January 870 - 11 May 912 A.D.58 viewsLEO VI (The Wise) AE follis. 866-912 AD. +LEOnbA S ILEVSROm'. Facing half-length portrait with short beard, wearing modified loros and crown with cross. Reverse - +LEOn EnOEObA ILEVSR OmEOn in four lines. 26.5mm, 6.7g.

Overstruck at the mint over the same issue, evidently after a severely off-center first strike. The 'EO bA RO' that would have been part of the legend at the right side of the coin appears on the very edge of the top part of the coin at 12 o'clock.
Lucius Verus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus, Denarius58 viewsLucius Verus 161-169 A.D.

RIC 515
1 commentsBarry
Lucius Verus 7 Mar. 161 - Feb. 169 A.D. Rome mint58 viewsOrichalcum dupondius; RIC III 1292, (BMC 867, Cowen 33); Rome mint; Weight 9.1gr., Max. Diameter 25.13mm; 161 A.D.; Obv. IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, radiate head right, Rev. CONCORD AVGVSTOR TR P (COS II in ex off flan), Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius, both togate, standing facing each other, clasping hands, (refers to their joint accession as coemperors, first time in Roman history); very dark green patina, corrosion spot on rev.

Ex. Mark Zema
2 commentsSteve E
017. Marcus Antonius.58 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Elagabalus58 viewsAE 14, Elagabalus, Antioch, ca. AD 218-222. Obv: Elagabalus right; Rev: Delta Epsilon with star below, all within wreath, dark brown patina with red earthen highlights, some roughness, VF. Not in Lindgren I or III; Not in Sear, Not in Butcher. Lichocka Figure 3, Table VII, 56 (this coin illustrated).

Published in: Lichocka, Barbara, "Delta-Epsilon issues of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander," in Classica Orientalia: Essays Presented to Wiktor Andrzej Daszewski on his 75th Birthday (Polish Center of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw), pg. 310, Fig. 3, Table VII, 56.
Macedonia. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm (reverse)58 viewsCirca 325-315 B.C. Reverse. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, on throne, ALEXANDROU in right field, monogram in left field. Die shift. Price-211. Ex Berk. Mint State.1 commentsJason T
Ragusa (now, Dubrovnik, Croatia)58 viewsCNI VI Type 6, Group 2, Mimica Type XVII, Resetar Type 17

AE minca (follaro), 17-18 mm. Struck ca. 1546-1551.

Obv: • MONETA—RACVSII, Laureate female head left, hair bunched in back.

Rev: • CIVITAS • • RACVSII, City walls with three towers and one gate, double line (stylized harbor) below.

Note: This coin does not appear to match any of the specific coins identified in the references, but seems to fall within the types indicated above.
Misterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #0858 viewsMisterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #08
diameter: mm,
mint: ,
1 commentsquadrans
moneta 350.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nicaea, AE1558 viewsobv: Radiate head right
rev: Palm branch within urn
Struck 196-217 A.D.
ex: automan
1 commentsJericho
moneta 520 lg.jpg
Dicoletian, Ticinum - RIC 22558 viewsDicoletian Antoninianus
obv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
rev: IOVI CONSERVAT. Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergue: TXXIT
Struck 285 A.D. at Ticinum
RIC 225 (Scarce)
1 commentsJericho
002 - Nero (54-68 AD), as - RIC 54358 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left.
Rev: S - C, Victory flying left holding shield inscribed S P Q R.
Minted in Lugdunum c. 66 AD.

The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. (From: Forum Ancient Coin´s catalog nr 28743, after Roman History from Coins by Michael Grant).
3 commentspierre_p77
Nero, RIC 326, Sestertius of AD 66 (Temple of Janus) 58 viewsĆ sestertius (26.2g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 66.
Obv.: IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P P P, laureate head of Nero facing left.
Rev.: PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (around) S C (in field), Janus temple with closed double doors on the right.

RIC 326 (R2); Coh. 162
ex MPO (Netherlands, 2007)

The full reverse legend would read: PACE POPVLO ROMANO TERRA MARIQUE PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, which means "Peace having been given to the Roman people on the land and on the sea, he closed the Janus temple".
2 commentsCharles S
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0544, Lugdunum, AE-As, S-C, Victory flying left,58 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0544, Lugdunum, AE-As, S-C, Victory flying left,
avers: IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-P-MAX-TR-P-P-P, Bare head left, globe at point of bust.
revers: Victory flying left, holding shield inscribed SPQR. S C across fields.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 8,19g, axis: h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 66A.D., ref: RIC-544, BMC 388, C 303, CBN 171.
NERO Drachm, RIC 621, Claudius58 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERM, laureate head of Nero right
REV: DIVOS CLAVD AVGVST GERMANIC PATER AVG, Claudius' laureate head right
17mm, 3.6g

Minted at Caesarea
3 commentsLegatus
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)58 viewsCommodus AD 177-192
AE 26, 11.61g, 26.03, 90°
struck under hegemon Caecilius Servilianus
laureate head, r.
River-god, bearded, leaning l., holding reed in outstretched r. hand, resting
with l. arm on urn from whitch water flows l.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1235 var. (has rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2160 var.
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
d) RPC IV online temp. no. 4338

Pick called the object in the r. hand of the river-god a rudder. But here it is clearly a waterplant. I think this type has 2 subtypes:
subtype a with the urn within or above the groundline and a typical waterplant, and
subtype b with the urn under the groundline and a waterplant looking more like a rudder
Here it is obviously subtype a. But look at my other coins of this type!
2 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)58 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.9g, 26.61mm, 225°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
in l. and r. field WN - PR
in ex. [O]C ICTRW
Zeus, nude, standing frontal, head l., holding patera in r. hand and chlamys
over l. shoulder, leaning with l. hand on long sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1830 (1 ex., Milano)
b) Varbanov (engl.)3787 (this coin, but cites AMNG 1830 under #3783)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
Rare, about VF, glossy black patina
3 commentsJochen
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,58 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
numide D.jpg
Numidia58 viewsNumidia, Kings of. Micipsa. Circa 148-118 BC. Ć 26 mm (13.8 gm). Laureate, bearded head left / Prancing horse left; pellet below.

SNG Copenhagen 504ff; Mazard 50.
Octavian AR denarius, 31-30 BC, Rome58 viewsOctavian
AR denarius – 19mm
Italian (Rome?) mint, 31-30 BC
bare head r.
Mercury (or Apollo?),naked, seated right on rock upon which is spread his cloak, petasus (or shield?) slung on his back, holding lyre with both hands
RIC 257, CRI 401, BMCRR 4335
1 commentsArdatirion
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Septimius Severus, AMNG 2260 (rev. only)58 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 9.88g
obv. AV KL CEP - CEVHR[O]C P (HR ligate)
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. O - DHCCE - ITWN
The Great God of Edessos, in himation, standing l., sacrificing from patera over
burning altar; holding cornucopiae in l. arm
ref. a) not in AMNG
rev. AMNG I/2, 2260
obv. AMNG I/2, 2260 (legend)
AMNG I/2, 2261 (bust type)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4347
c) SNG Copenhagen 672 var.
about VF, die break on rev.

The Great God, Theos Megas, was the old Thracian god Darsalas or Derzelates. To honour him there were games in Odessos, the Darzaleia. In AD 238 they took place in the presence of the Emperor as it was reported on coins.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
4 commentsJochen
Orbiana Sestertius58 viewsOrbiana --AE Sestertius. (26.05g) SAL BARBIA ORBIANA [AVG] Diademed and draped bust right. / CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM Concord seated left, holding patera and double cornucopia, SC at sides. RIC655. 1 commentsfeatherz
CHINA - Ordos Culture58 viewsCHINA - Ordos Culture "Special Money" - AE Lattice piece with "+" character. Late Bronze Age, c. 1600-1200 B.C.E. 40 mm at longest part; about 19 mm wide. 3.5 g. This is described by some China monetary experts as a form of money; others say this is not the case - as with Bell Money, Bridge Money, etc. These experts seem to lean toward the theory that these were burial objects.
Per Wikipedia: The Ordos culture comprises the period from Upper Paleolithic to the late Bronze age at the Ordos Desert, in the south of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, about 300 kilometers from modern Beijing. The Ordos were predominantly Mongoloid, as known from their skeletal remains and artifacts, but numerous interactions between Europoid and Mongoloid might have also taken place in that region over the course of several centuries, until its occupation by Qin and Han dynasties.
modern Slavey fake of a Otacilia Severa Denarius 58 viewsmodern Slavey fake of a AR Denarius (3.0g, 18mm, 6h) of Rome mint, struck AD 244-246.
Obv.: MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust of Otacilia Severa facing right.
Rerv.: PVDICITIA AVG Pudicitia seated cross-legged left, veiled, drawing the veil near her face with her right hand and holding scepter in her left.
RIC (Philip I) 123b, Cohen 52
2 commentsCharles S
Diadumenian 217-218 A.D.58 viewsObv:bust r. bereheaded wearing paludamentum
and cuirass
R:sarapis to r. wearing ornamented kalathos
79 BC L Papius Serrated denarius58 views
Head of Juno Sospita right clad in goat's skin control symbal behind (bakers shovel), bead and reel in border

Gryphon leaping right control symbol (bakers oven) below, bead and reel border

trade guild: cooks and bakers


79 BC

Sear 311 RRC 89


Plate coin
3 commentsJay GT4
L. Papius Celsus, Crawford 472/158 viewsL. Papius Celsus, gens Papia
AR - denarius, 18mm, 3.66g
Rome, 45 BC
obv. Head of Juno Sospita, wearing goat-skin, r.
rev. She-wolf r., with a wood stick in her mouth for throwing it in fire, which is burning r. before her, on its r. side an eagle stg. l., fanning the fire with his wings.
in ex. L.PAPIVS
ref. Crawford 472/1; Sydenham 964; Papia 2
VF, attractive toning

The rev. depicts a scene from the founder myth of Lanuvium. For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
*ACC* Parion, Mysia, AR10mm Tetrobol (2.5g). c 480 BC.58 viewsParion, Mysia, AR10mm Tetrobol (2.5g). c 480 BC.
Facing gorgon head, with tongue protruding ./
Incuse square containing cruciform pattern with pellet at center.
Antonio Protti
Phillip II and Serapis, Tomis, Serpent, AE2758 viewsPhillip II 244-249 AD
AE27, 12.75g
obv: confronted busts of Phillip II and Serapis, [M] IOVΛ ΦIΛ[IΠΠ]OC KAICAP AVΓ
rev: coiled serpent left, MHTPO ΠON[T]OV TO ME ΩC

ex Ancient Caesar
Philipp I RIC IV, 6958 viewsPhilipp I Arabs AD 244-249
AR - Antoninian, 5.10g, 22mm
Antiochia AD 247
Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Pax standing l., holding branch and transverse sceptre
RIC IV/3, 69, C.113
Scarce; about EF

Philip's first important task was the problem of ending the war in the East. Philip was more fortunate in his negotiations than Macrinus had been. Philip made a peace treaty with the Persian king Shapur in which Philip agreed to pay the equivalent of 50 million sesterces, and possibly an annual tribute. The treaty enabled the new emperor to travel westward to Rome.
2 commentsJochen
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 069, Antioch, PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Scarce,58 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 069, Antioch, PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Scarce,
History: The reverse legend on this coin "peace established with Persia" makes reference to one of Philip's first acts as emperor - the peace treaty with the Sasanian king Shapur I. Also, the P M used in the obverse legend refers to 'Persicus Maximus' as opposed to 'Pontifex Maximus.'
avers:- IMP-C-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-PF-AVG-P-M, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- PAX-FVND-ATA-CVM-PERSIS, Pax standing facing,
head left, holding olive-branch and transverse sceptre
diameter: 21mm,
weight: 3,95g,
axis: h,
mint: Antioch,
date: 244 A.D.,
ref: RIC-IV-III-069, p-76, C-113,
58 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
Gallienus FIDES AVG58 viewsGallienus, 260-268 A.D., Asia mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left holding purse and caduceus. PXV in exergue.
Picture 021.jpg
Pontius Pilate58 viewsPrefect: 26-36 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Reverse: LIH in wreath
Date: Year 18 = 31/32 AD
Reference: Hendin 650
1 commentsJohn K
Cilicia, Olba Æ58 viewsCilicia, Olba Ć
c. 1st C. AD
Obv: Temple of Zeus Olbius.
Rev: Thunderbolt.
Interesting countermark of Griffin??
1 commentsmihali84
Sigismund III. Wasa 1587-1632. Dreipölker 1622, Bromberg. Kopicki 861.58 views2 commentsancientone
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC 58.jpg
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC V/2 5858 viewsAnt, 23mm, 4.19g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing L with caduceus and cornucopia.

Trier, Officina B.

RIC 58, Common.
Probus - Concord Milit58 viewsIMP C PROBVS AVG
Bust type H, left, radiate, imperial mantle, holding an eagle-tipped scepter
Concordia standing left, holding standards on both sides, E in left field, PXXI in ex.
RIC Ticinum 480a, 8th emission, 1st officina, 280 AD.
Belonging to the coded EQVITAS series.
Probus - Soli Invicto58 viewsIMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG
Bust type H, left, cuirassed, eagle tipped scepter
Sol in quadriga, facing, CM below
RIC 911, Cyzicus, 3rd emission, 1st officina, 280 AD
Probus Antoninianus58 viewsIMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.

Mars advancing right, holding a trophy and spear; P in right field.

280 AD, Siscia.

3.89 g

RIC V, Part 2, 810

Amazing reverse!

SOLD October 2014
2 commentsJay GT4
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #158 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right. (A),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #158 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KAB, no exergual line, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 4,02g, axes:5h,
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D.,(80-81 A.D.), ref: RIC-V-II-878, p-114,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 059, Lugdunum, ABVNDANTIA AVG, Bust-F-var, -/-//IIII, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae, Rare!!!58 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 059, Lugdunum, ABVNDANTIA AVG, Bust-F-var, -/-//IIII, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae, Rare!!!
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear across the left shoulder. (F-var),
revers:- ABVNDANTIA-AVG, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//IIII, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, 5th emiss, 277-78., date: 277-278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 059, p-25, C-, Bastien-249d, Rare!!!
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,58 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-PVBLIC, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/*//TXXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th. emission, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-499, p-71,
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #258 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #2
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- VICTOR-IA-GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,58 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1958 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
Moesia, Nikopolis ad Istrum, grapes, AE1458 views14mm, 2.16g
obv: NEIKO[...]; bust of Apollo right
rev: ΠROC ICTRΩN; grape

ex Lars Rutten collection
Phrygia, Flavia-Grimenothyrai, Artemis / Demeter, AE1858 viewsTime of Trajan, AD 98-117
18mm, 3.4g
obv: EΠI Λ TYΛΛI; draped bust of Artemis right (with bow and quiver)
rev: ΓPIMENOΘYPEΩN; Demeter standing left, holding ears of wheat and scepter
von Aulock Phrygien II, p.79, #370, SNG von Aulock -; SNG Copenhagen -

From the D. Alighieri Collection, CNG E-Auction 206, Lot 266
2 commentsareich
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelian58 viewsBillon Antoninianus of Ticinum of A.D.274-275

Obv: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: PROVIDEN DEOR Fides Militum standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left hand. Officina and mint mark Q XX T in exergue.
Weight: 4.05g

RIC.152 Sear RCV III 11587

In A.D.274 Aurelian attempted a currency reform that did bring a certain amount of stability. The antoninianus was restored to approximately its original size. The actual silver content was increased slightly, but remained very low at around 4.5% overall. These reformed antoninianii often bear a mint mark of XXI that is thought to represent the ratio of 20 parts copper to 1 of silver. However, coins produced at Ticinum, as shown here, have the letter T instead of the I in the value mark.
2 commentsnemesis
Ptolemy-V-VI (180-145 BC.), Lorber-Faucher-Series-6E, AE-28, Sv-1424b58 viewsPtolemy-V-VI (180-145 BC.), Lorber-Faucher-Series-6E, AE-28, Sv-1424b
avers:- Laureate head of Head of Zeus-Ammon right.
revers:- ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟY ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Two eagle standing left on thunderbolt; Cornucopiae in left field.
exerg: ,
diameter: 28-30mm,
weight: 20,95g,
axes: 11h,
mint: Lorber-Faucher-Series-6E
date:180-145 BC.,??
ref: Sv-1424b (as Ptolemy V-VI),
Ptolemy III Euergetes ("Benefactor"), King of Egypt 246-221 BC.58 viewsBronze 40 mm 65.4 gram
Obverse: Bust of Zeus Right
Reverse: Eagle Left _12500 sold
Antonivs Protti
Syracuse, Reign of Pyrrhus58 views278-276 BC
AE24 (23.2mm, 10.505g, 285o)
O: Head of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress; club behind, ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ before.
R: Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling javelin and holding shield; wreath behind.
HGC 2, 1450; Calciati II p. 324, 177; SNG ANS 847; SNG Cop 809-814; Sear 1213
ex Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsEnodia
Ragusa (Dubrovnik), Republic of Ragusa (1422-1438 A.D.) AR-Denar, Reschetar 964,58 viewsRagusa (Dubrovnik), Republic of Ragusa (1422-1438 A.D.) AR-Denar, Reschetar 964,
avers: •S•BLASIV-S•RAGVSII•, St. Blasius with Nimbus and Mitra en face standing, Crosier with the left holding, where the rights blessing.
revers: IE-XE, Christ with Nimbus en face standing in Mandorla, holding the Gospel in his left hand, where the rights blessing.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,41g, axis: 4h,
mint mark: , mint: Ragusa (Dubrovnik), date: 1422-1438 A.D.,
ref: Reschetar 964,
Republic AE-33,58 viewsRepudlic AE-33,
avers:- Helmeted head right,
revers: - ROMA,
exerg: , diameter: 50mm, weight: 22,57g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:, ref:,
RI 064be obv cold sml.jpg
Septimius Severus Laodicea-ad-Mare Portrait stage 258 viewsMessing about with adding colour to portraits. This one is Septimius Severus from the early types from Laodicea-ad-Mare. Here the coloured image is still on the coin.maridvnvm
RI 066a img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 130d58 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and scepter, riding lion over waters gushing from rock on left. Exe: IN CARTH
Minted in Rome, A.D. 204-205
References:– VM 29, RIC 130D, RCV02 6806, RSC 97
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066ab img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Antoninianus - RIC 289f58 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Serapis, wearing modius on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera and sceptre.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 217
Reference:– RIC 289f. RSC 383.
Evidence of die clogging on the T in the reverse legend, otherwise a nice coin.

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