FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members


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Caracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D41 viewsCaracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D. 25mm
O:Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:Tyche-Astarte standing left, right foot on river-god to right , holding small bust and scepter; all within central arch of tetrastyle temple façade; two small Nikai between columns Kadman 67
Alexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 111841 viewsAlexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 1118. Silberhistamenon 1082/1087. Christus auf Thron / Kaiserbüste mit Kreuz und Kreuzglobus. DOC 2b; Ratto 2064. Alexios
India Republic.jpg
India Republic41 viewsKm8 - 1 Naya Paisa - 1960-B
Km16 - 5 Naye Paise - 1958
Km24.2 - 10 Naye Paise - 1961
Daniel F
Ionia, Kolophon, tetartemorion 41 viewsKolophon, Ionia, ca. 490 - 400 BC
7mm, 0.22g
obv: laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing
rev: TE monogram within incuse square
(SNG Aulock 7900 var.;
Klein 398 var.;
Millne, Kolophon 7a;)
Ionia, Miletos, 1/24 stater41 viewsca. 600-550 BC
EL5, 0.41g
obv: lion’s head facing
rev: incuse punch
(SNG Kayhan 453; Klein 416)
ex CNG, dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Heraclea41 viewsA.D. 321-324
AE Follis
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG radiate, draped, cuirassed
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour]
Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on eagle tipped-sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; to r., captive.
in ex. SMHB right field X over II and an episemon for half
RIC VII Heraclea 51 R2

These coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria)and were reduced in value (from 25 to 12 and a half). He struck these in the names of all the rulers but the reduction in value was not recognized outside his territories.
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #0141 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #01
avers:- ; border of dots.
revers:- ; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,7 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-080, CHN-1-151, Huszar-161, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #0241 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #02
avers:- Cross between A - O, double arch above, wedge within crescent on top; border of dots.
revers:- Line dividing S; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-084, CHN-1-137, Huszar-127, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar41 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus41 viewsThe temple of Venus

Venus is the patron goddess of Pompeii and her sanctuary, from where one can enjoy a view of the Gulf of Naples, dominates the plain below. The earthquake of 62 A.D. destroyed the edifice and its reconstruction was still in process when the eruption occurred. The area was surrounded by arcades. Still existing in the middle of the temple is its podium (29,15 x 15,5 m.).
John Schou
Caracalla - Serapis41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 212 (2.94gm)
RIC IVi.193, RCV.6829v (C)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Dimitre Genoff (AAH)
Paul DiMarzio
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-249, #01, R3!41 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-249, #01, R3!
avers:- .
revers:- ,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 9,5-10 mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-249_CNH-1-341_Huszar-334, R3!
1 commentsquadrans
Julia Domna - Pudicitia41 viewsDenarius 211
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ PUDIC-ITIA Pudicitia veiled, seated left, head front, right hand on breast and left hand holds sceptre
C 170 - RIC 575
Mint: Rome (7th off., 4th emission)
J12a-Pilate H-648.jpg
Pontius Pilate, 26 - 36 CE, Æ Prutah41 viewsBronze prutah of Pontius Pilate, procurator under Tiberias, (26 – 36 CE), 15 mm, struck 29 CE.

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley, the outer two ears droop, surrounded by inscription “IOYΔIA KAICAPOC” (Of Julia Caesar).
Reverse: Libation ladle (simpulum), surrounded by inscription “TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC” (Of Tiberias Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) = 29 CE.

Reference: Hendin 648, AJC II supplement V, 21, TJC 338, SNG ANS 367-372, SGIC 5622.

Added to collection: January 28, 2007
Daniel Friedman
J16M-Vespasian denarius.jpg
Vespasian, AR Denarius, “Fortuna”, 69-79 CE41 viewsSilver denarius of Vespasian, 69 -79 CE, 3 gr, 17 mm.

Obverse: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna standing left holding rudder on prow & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC 4, RSC 84.

Added to collection: May 30, 2006
Daniel Friedman
Julia Domna - Juno41 viewsDenarius 209
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ IU-NO Juno standing half-left, holding patera and sceptre; in front, peacock standing left, head turned back
C 82 - RIC 559
Mint: Rome (6th off., 29th emission)
In 209, Septimius and his two sons leave Rome for the campaign of Britain and let the regency to the empress Julia. She will never see her husband alive.
Jamaica - Half-Penny - 193841 viewsJamaica
King George VI
Half Penny, 1938
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.var,41 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.var,
avers:- + TEMPO•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-P or n-P); border of dots.
revers:- + m•REGIS•VGRE (legend variation), Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
diameter: 13mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: h-P (or n-P), by (Pohl)., date: 1446 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-485.d.var, CNH-2-156, Huszar-618,
Tye 14.1, Deyell 4541 viewsShahis (ca. 850-1,000 A.D.). AR jital, possibly Ohind mint, average silver content ca. 69%, average weight 3.3 g., 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Deva, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Abundant.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
1 commentsStkp
JÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,41 viewsJÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,
avers:- IOSEPH IM NAHMEN UND ERBRECHT DER ERSTE•, •I•K• behind the bust,
exerg: -/-//DEN 9 DEC •1687•, diameter: 34mm, weight:14,87g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: , date: A.D.,
Juive 2 Year2 67 AD.jpg
First revolt. Small bronze minted in 67 AD41 viewsHebrew legend , footed amphora
Hebrew legend, vine leaf.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Julia Mamaea~0.jpg
Julia Mamaea Sestertius41 viewsJulia Mamaea AE Sestertius. 231 AD. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / IVNO AVGVSTAE, SC below, Juno seated left, holding a flower & a baby in swaddling clothes.

RIC 683 , Cohen 33.
2 commentsTanit
Julia Domna, Markianopolis41 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 25mm; 8.46g; Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior.

draped bust right

The Three Graces

Varbanov 883 var
1 commentsarizonarobin
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36341 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
Julia Titi. AE-20. Troas, Assos. Griffin41 viewsTroas, Assos. Julia Titi, the daughter of Titus. Augusta, AD 79 - 91. Ć 20. 5.79 g. Draped bust rt. / Griffin reclining lt. RPC II 899; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. Very rare, only one specimen cited in RPC.1 commentsFausta
Justin II follis41 viewsJustin II, follis, 566-567, Antioch, scarce year 2 specimen, 16,8g, 35mm, desert sand patina.vercingetorix
Justin II 565-578 Nicomedia41 viewsObv: Emperor and Empress Enthroned, DNIVSTI-NVSPPAVG
Rev: Large M, Anno 5, Cross Above, Oficina A, NIKO in exergue
Sear 369
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034A, #0141 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034A, #01
avers:- .
revers:- .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 0,42g, axis:2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-034A, CP-002, Huszar-042,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Schjöth 1442, Hartill 9.90-92 Type 1, KM 144241 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash (cast brass), 1680-1683, Fujian province (Zhangjou mint), 27 mm.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Jang (in Manchurian) to the left, zhang (in Chinese) to the right.

Type 1 is comprised of coins with a two dot tong and a nominal weight of 1.4 qian (= 5.22 grams).

This is one of a series of twenty coins known as “poem” coins (shi qian), which, according to folklore, have talismanic qualities when placed together. The coins were put in a specific order in which the mint names formed a “poem.” The poem did not have a particular meaning, but rhymed according to the rules of classical Chinese poetry.

Hartill rarity 7
Persia Sassanian Khusro II Ar Drachm41 views Obv. GDH ARZWT HWSLWY (glory increase Khusro) Khusro II bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star and crescent
Rev Fire altar with two attendants star and crescent above
1 commentsSkyler
Kyrenaica a.jpg
Kyrenaica Kyrene41 viewsObverse: Head of Zeus Ammon r.
Reverse: Silphion plant
Mint : Kyrene
Date : c.250 BC
Reference : SNG Cop 1276
Weight : 15.81g
Denom: AE 24
Laodicée Héliogabale.jpg
Laodicea (Lattakieh, Syria) - Elagabalus41 views[IMP.] C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right
COLONIA LAODICEA [...] / Δ E , eagle facing in shrine made of canopy supported by two columns

From the nice portrait, it is Elagabalus.
1 commentsGinolerhino
France. Louis XVI 1774 - 1793. copper 12 Deniers 1792 K.41 viewsFrance. Louis XVI 1774 - 1793. copper 12 Deniers 1792 K. LOUIS XVI ROY DES FRANCOIS, bust of king left, K below right / Fasches, no blade, 12 - D, all within wreath.

KM 68.7
1 commentsoneill6217
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Lampsakos 328-323 BC41 viewsAR drachm, 16.9mm, 4.29g, Nice VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, feet forward resting on stool. Club in left field. Early lifetime issue, featuring a youthful portrait.
Price 1347; Müller 136; Thompson 8, series II
For Sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
7263 Prusias I, 228-185 BC41 viewsBronze Ć19, 19.6mm, 5.54g, VF
Laureate head Apollo right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Bow and quiver. Meduim brown patina.
Ex: Barry P. Murphy
Sear 7263; BMC Pontus, pg. 209, #9; SNG Cop 628
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Ake 308-307 BC41 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 27.3mm, 17.12g, VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, right leg drawn back. Intricate date monogram in left field.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price 3297
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
7268 Prusias II, 185-149 BC41 viewsBronze Ć18, 16.6mm, 3.99g, gF
Head Dionysos right wreathed with ivy / BAΣIΛEΩ[Σ] ΠPOYΣ[IOY] Herakles naked left holding club and lion's skin. Dark brown patina: photo greatly lightened.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Lodge Antiquities
Sear 7268; BMC Pontus, pg 210, #7
Lawrence Woolslayer
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule41 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule (1204-1261) Billon Trachy. Onb.: The Virgin enthroned. Rev.: Emperor standing holding labarum. Sear #2044.dpaul7
Koinon Makedonon AE2641 viewsMacedon, Koinon, AE26, 3. Century AD.
Obv: AΛEΞANΔPOY, head of Alexander with Tainia in long hair right.
Rev: KOI MAKEΔONΩN B NEOKO, two prize-urns on table.
Ř 26 mm, 12.18 g
1 commentsPscipio
Berytus AE1441 viewsBerytus, Phoenicia, AE14, 1. Century BC - 1. Century AD.
Obv: Marsyas standing left, holding wine-skin; CO-L across field.
Rev: BER above prow.
14 mm, 2.21 g
SNG Cop 89
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas41 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
King Levon IV, 1320 - 1342 AD41 viewsAR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ, equestrian king holding sceptre to the right. Ո and փ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻ, crowned lion walking right, patriarchal cross, dot behind.

Weight: 2.23 grams
Diametre: 20 x 19.5 mm
Die axis: 220 degrees

Reference: Bedoukian 1977 - 90

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81123
1 commentsMasis
Julia Domna AR Denarius41 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Denarius 3.10g / 19mm / -
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, veiled & right hand on her breast; holding scepter
Mint:(211-217 AD)
References: RIC IV / 2; 385c; Cohen 172; RCV 7105
Scotvs Capitis
Licinius II RIC 29 obv and rev.jpg
Antioch Mint. 317-320 A.D.
17.7mm. 3.23g.
Die Alignment: 150 degrees
Obv: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C - Diademed bust left, wearing imperial cloak, holding mappa, sceptre and globe.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS - Jupiter standing left, chlamys acrcoss shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on a globe, captive at feet.
Exergue: SMANT
Gamma in right field
Ref: RIC 29. Sear '64 3717. Sear '88 3817. C32. VM 6.
Struck A.D.320. LICINIUS I. AE3 (Nummus) of Aquileia. 41 viewsObverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG. Laureate head of Licinius facing right.
Reverse: DOMINI N LICINI AVG. Laurel-wreath around VOT•XX; in exergue; AQS.
RIC VII : 86. Weight 3.3gms.

This coin is one of those struck in c.A.D.320 to commemorate the fifteenth anniversary of the reign of Constantine, which was also celebrated in the West as the fifteenth anniversary of Licinius.
Licinius I AE3 318-320 AD41 viewsLicinius I AE3.
laureate, draped bust left holding eagle-tipped sceptre & mappa
campgate, 3 turrets, 6 layers, no star above, no doors; Right field: dot
Mintmark: SMHA
Ref.: RIC VII Heraclea 29
Rarity: R2
Livia as Salus Dupondius41 viewsObv.
Bust of Livia as Salus right

Large SC surrounded by Tiberius' titles

Minted by Tiberius A.D. 22-23

6 commentsancientdave
Tiberius for Antonia or Agrippina, dupondius of AD 22-2341 viewsĆ dupondius (13.2g, Ř30mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23.
IVSTITIAE, diademed bust of of Antonia or Agrippina as Justitia, facing right
RIC (Tiberius) 46 (S); Cohen (Livia) 9
ex G. Henzen (1997)

Vagi argues that this type commemorates the justice achieved on behalf of the murdered Germanicus. Since Germanicus was very popular in Rome, his murder lead to a public outcry in Rome. The portret on this coin is not Livia's (it would have been followed by AVGVSTAE as for the Salus dupondius) but a stylized portret probably referring to Germanicus' mother Antonia or his wife Agrippina Senior.
1 commentsCharles S
LJ Alex copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 317-324 A.D.41 viewsOBV/ D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; Laur, cuir. and dr. bust l. globus and sceptre in l. hand, mappa in r. hand
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS; Jupiter stg. l., holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Crescent/B in fields. SMAL in exergue
RIC VII, 25 Rare 2
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0141 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01quadrans
Lucilla, Pudicitia41 viewsLVCILLA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Pudicitia standing

Ar Denarius, 20mm; 3.33g
RSC 60
2 commentsarizonarobin
Lucius verus 1.jpg
17 Lucius Verus41 viewsDenarius. IMP L VERVS AVG, bare head right / PROV DEOR TR P III COS II, Providentia standing left holding globe & cornucopiae. RSC 154; RIC III 483; BMCRE 207. Weight 3.45 g. Die Axis 6 hr. Max Dia 18 mm.

1 commentsmix_val
Luxembourg41 viewsKm23.2 - 10 Centimes - 1855-A
Km45a - 25 Centimes - 1970
Km46.3 - 1 Franc - 1957
Km55 - 1 Franc - 1970
Km59 - 1 Franc - 1987
Daniel F
Lydia, Sardeis, Athena/Temple, AE2041 views20mm, 4.38g
obv: EΠI TI KΛA ΦIΛINOY CTPA; helmeted bust of Thena (or Roma) left
rev: EΠ [MAPΧEΛΛOV TO B?]; CAPΔIANΩN; quadristyle temple

SNG Leypold -; cf. SNG Aulock 3137 (bust right)
1 commentsareich
M Aurelius sestertius Felicitas.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Sestertius41 viewsRIC 1227
Rev: FELICITAS AVG IMP VIIII COS III P P, Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and sceptre.
E Pinniger
Macrinus & Diadumenian, AE 2841 viewsAV K OPEL CEV MAKREINOC K M OPEL ANTONEINOC K
Confronted busts
Artemis advancing right, withdrawing arrow from quiver, holding bow, hound at her feet. E in left field.
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1160, AMNG 730
13.61 g.
1 commentswhitetd49
41 viewsMacedon. Acanthus. Late 5th Century – 348 BC. AR Tetrobol (2.16 gm).
Obverse: Forepart of bull running left, head reverted
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse with granular surface.
Ex: Freeman and Sear Fixed Price List 10, lot 152
7 commentspaul1888
Maiorina Arcadio RIC IX Heraclea 12 A.jpg
A147-15 - Arcadio (383 - 408 D.C.)41 viewsAE2 Maiorina 23 x 22 mm 5.1 gr.
Hijo mayor de Teodosio I y Aelia Flaccila, Co-augusto de su padre y su sucesor al mando de las provincias orientales.

Anv: "DN ARCADI - VS PF AVG " - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, portando lanza y escudo, viendo a derecha. Sobre su cabeza una mano sostiene una corona de laureles.
Rev: "GLORIA RO - MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando labarum (estandarte militar con signo Chi-Ro en su bandera) en mano derecha y descansando la izquierda en su escudo. A su izquierda un prisionero sentado a izquierda viendo a derecha. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuńada 383 - 387 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.X (Heraclea) #12 Pag.195 - DVM #24 Pag.325 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9313.c. Pag.295 - Sabatier #29
Maiorina Constancio II RIC VIII Heraclea 86E.jpg
A130-65 - Constancio II (337 - 361 D.C.)41 viewsAE2 Maiorina ó Centenional 20 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "[DN CON]STAN- TIVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha. "Δ" detrás del busto.
Rev: "FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO" - Soldado con yelmo a derecha, portando escudo en brazo izquierdo, alancea con derecha a un jinete caido que porta diadema, lo mira y extiende su brazo izquierdo hacia él. "SMHε" en exergo.

Acuńada 348 - 352 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Heraclea) #86 Pag.436 - Cohen Vol.VII #46 Pag.447 - DVM #90 Pag.300 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8659.h. Pag.214 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3974 - LRBC #1896
Greek, Alexander III, Makedonia, 336-323 BC Gold Stater41 viewsAV Stater 336-323 BC, Sardes. Athena Av. Athena, rv. . Nike standing to the right! w/ wreath and stylis, Sun (star), 8,53 g. Price 2644. 2 commentsAkeo
Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople41 viewsObv: Virgin Orans to Manus Dei at Right,
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 1968
1603 Felipe III, Segovia / Felipe IV41 views1603 AD, Felipe III, Segovia Mint, 2 Maravedis.Molinari
Marcus Aurelius denar41 viewsTR P XXI IMP IIII COS III2 commentstibsi67
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 15.51g, 27.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
Confronted head of Caracalla, bearded, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Domna, draped, l.
Apollo (or Bonus Eventus), nude, stg. facing, head l., holding branch in l. hand and patera in r. hand over flaming altar
in upper left field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/I, 664
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1002 (citing AMNG 664)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) (plate coin)
about VF, brown patina (stripped!), light roughness
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) #241 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.1g, 27.19mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in outstretched r. hand and leaning with l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on the pic too!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013)
d) BMC 50
F+/about VF, glossy dark green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. Nevertheless it is Demeter.
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.76g, 27.94mm, 45°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
below AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and holding in r. hand rudder, set on
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1162 var. (has no globe under rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2021 (cites AMNG 1161!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
about EF, light roughness on obv., excellent portrait of Serapis
400-350 BC - Maroneia, Thrace - Horse Obverse - Vine in Square Reverse41 viewsMaroneia, Thrace
Date: ca. 400-350 BC
Condition: Fair
Size: AE14

Obverse: Horse prancing right; NK monogram beneath

Reverse: MAPΩNITΩN (or similar) around three sides of linear square containing vine; monogram on one side?

2.69g; 14.6mm; 15°
maximianus 1+.jpg
Maximianus Follis41 viewsMaximianus Ć Follis. ca 300 AD. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, no mintmark.

RIC 6b
41 viewsMaximinus I - Sestertius - 236/238
Ob.: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVS AVGVSTI S C; Salus seated left, feeding from patera a serpent arising from altar.
gs. 18,6 mm 34
Cohen 92, RIC IV 85
1 commentsMaxentius
Medieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,41 viewsMedieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,
mint: ???
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp I & Otacilia Severa, Varbanov 423741 viewsPhilipp I, AD 244-249
AE 26, 10.95g
confronted busts of the imperial pair
Dionysos, in short chiton and nebris, with boots, wearing ivy wreath, standing frontal, head l., holding thyrsos and pouring out of kantharos.
Varbanov (engl.) 4237 (plate coin); SNG Cop. 665 (same obv.); SNG Cop. 666 (same rev.); Moushmov 4018
published on Wildwinds

On the portrait of Otacilia traces of a slight doublestrike, OY from IOYL and dots from the border (Steve Minnoch)
3 commentsJochen
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC.JPG
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC41 viewsMiletos, Ionia
AR – 1/12th stater, 9.5mm
c. 525 BC
lion foreparts r.
star in incuse pattern
Sear 3523
Military Diploma41 views78x54 mm2 commentsNemonater
Bohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)41 viewsBohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)

Castelin __, Fiala/Donebauer 947, cf. Saurma 407/182

AR pragergroschen, 32 mm., Kutná Hora mint.

Obv: + DEI x/x GRATIA + REX x/x BOEmIE / + WLADISLAUS SECVnDVS, crown in center.

Rev: + * GROSSI * PRAGENSIS, crown double-tailed lion facing left.

The groschen of Prague (pragergroschen) were first minted in July 1300 during the reign of Wenceslas II (1278-1305), following the discovery of exceptionally rich silver deposits at Kutná Hora in 1298. It was struck, with the design essentials unchanged for roughly 250 years. The pragergroschen played the same role in central Europe that was played by the denier tournois further west. Its preeminence in Germany postponed the appearance of native groschen over much of the region for over 150 years.

The coinage was debased under Wencelsas IV (1378-1419), and none were minted during the reigns of Sigismund (1420-37), Albert (1437-39) and Ladislas Postumus (1453-57). When minting was revived toward the end of the reign of George Podĕbrad (1458-71), they were struck to a much lower standard, having a fineness of only 10 lot (625/1000) and a silver content of 1.69 gr., which was barely half that of the original pragergoschen of Wenceslas II. It was then reckoned 24 instead of 12 to the ducat, and fell further when it was debased (to a weight of around 1.25 gr.) toward the end of the reign of Wladislaus II.
moneta 336.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE2641 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Dionysos standing left with bunch of grapes & thyrsos.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nikopolis ad Istrum under Magistrate Aurelius Gallus
Moushmov 1901
1 commentsJericho
moneta 354.jpg
Constantine I, Sirmium - RIC VII 4841 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA. Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm branch, pushing captive seated on ground.
exergue: SIRM
Struck 324-325 A.D. at Sirmium
Van Meter 87
Note: Refers to a major victory over the Sarmatians in 322 A.D.
1 commentsJericho
moneta 374b.jpg
Hadrian, Uncertain Eastern Mint - RIC 33941 viewsHadrian Denarius
obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P. Bare head right.
rev: COS III. Aequitas standing left, holding scales & conucopiae.
Struck 134-138 A.D. at uncertain Eastern mint
RIC 339
1 commentsJericho
moneta 567.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia - RIC VII 21741 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left
rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate with no doors, ten stone layers (top layer with pellets), two turrets, star above.
exergue: delta SIS double crescent
Struck 328-329 A.D. at Siscia
Van Meter 70
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica41 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
moneta 677 smaller.jpg
Claudius, Rome - RIC 11341 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P. Bare head left.
rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C. Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and extending left hand.
Struck 42-43 A.D. at Rome
RIC 113
Note: "RIC 113 (Common) has the scarcity right, but wrongly gives date as c. 50-54 AD. Correct, according to my own investigation, is 42-3 AD" - Curtis Clay
Morroco 3 falus.jpg
Morroco 3 falus41 viewsC166 - 3 Falus, Mint of Fez - 1873 / AH1290

Photo credit: Mark Lehman
Daniel F
Roman Empire, Vespasian Mars denarius41 viewsVespasian AR Denarius. Rome, 77-78 A.D. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head right. / COS VIII, Mars standing facing, head left, holding spear and trophy. RIC 103; Cohen 125 5 commentsHolding_History
Greek, Mysia, Lampsakos AR diobol (c. 5th cent. BC)41 viewso/ Janiform female head, wearing circular earring and necklace.
r/ Helmeted head of Athena left.
0,9g - 9mm
SNG Aul. 1290var; SNG Cop. 185var.
1 commentsAugustin Caron
Samaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus AE2741 viewsSamaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 C.E. AE 27 mm (14.93 g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / Eagle standing facing, supporting on wings Mt. Gerazim surmounted by temple and altar; stairway leading to temple, colonnade at base of mountain, star and crescent to right and left of temple. Rosenberger III p. 23, 113 (same obverse die); cf. Price and Trell 782; Meshorer -; SNG ANS 1035 (same obverse die)ancientone
Nero. 54 - 68 AD. Silver Denarius.jpg
Emperor Nero. 54 - 68 AD.41 views Silver Vesta silversiranthonyac
Nero, small bronze from Smyrna, AD54-6841 viewsAE (21mm, 5,2g, 12h). Ionia, Smyrna mint. Struck AD54-68
Obv.: NERΩNA CEBACTON bare head of Nero facing right.
Rev.: EΠI EPMOΓE NOYC KΛLAPOΨC ZMYP, Rivergod Hermos reclining left hodling a branch, and resting with his left arm on an urn from which water flows.
Charles S
Néron as.jpg
Nero - As41 viewsIMP. NERO CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC.; laureate bust right.
Rev.: PACE P.R. VBIQ. PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (He brought everywhere the Peace of the Roman People, then closed the temple of Janus). The themle of Janus with its doors closed at last. S C.

I like this coin... I bought it in Tunis, covered with dirt (the coin, not me). Took me 2 hours of discussion with the dealer before we agreed on the price.
Nero, RIC 160, Sestertius of AD 64-6541 viewsĆ sestertius (23.34g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 64-65.
Obv.: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero facing right.
Rev.: CONG II (DAT) POP (round the edge) S C (in ex.), Nero seated l. on curule chair on platform, presiding at second donation.
RIC 160 (S); BMC 139
ex Harlan J. Berk, Buy/Bid Sale 131 (2003)

Information provided by Harlan J. Berk at the sale: "BM-139, Paris-282 pl. XLV (same rev. die), C-78 (30 Fr.), Rx: Nero seated l. on curule chair on platform, presiding at his second distribution of money to the Roman people. An official standing l. on the ground empties coins from a rectangular tablet into the fold of the toga of a citizen standing r. A second official stands on the platform facing Nero. In the background, a statue of Minerva holding owl and spear before a wall or building divided into oblong panels. Rare. Although it was only commemorated on the coins from 64 AD on, Nero had distributed his second largesse some years earlier, in 57 AD. The tablet held by the first official, misnamed a tessera or abacus in the standard catalogues, was actually a board drilled with a determined number of shallow depressions just large enough to hold one denarius each, which could rapidly be filled with coins and then emptied into the toga of the recipient. Slightly irregular surface from the earth it was buried in."
1 commentsCharles S
Nero | Victory * Æ As, 54-68 AD.41 views
Nero | Victory * Copper As

Obv: Laureate head right: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Rev: Victory standing left holding oval shield inscribed, SPQR: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 65 AD.

Size: 27.335
Weight: 10.07 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Well worn all over, but with still vivid images and a lovely medium chocolate patina.

RIC I, 312
WCN 285, 290
Cohen 288
BN 399
new_Constans 337-350AD.jpg
41 viewsHis Star
Bithynia, Nikaia, Geta, Rec.Gen. 51541 viewsGeta AD 198-209
AE 15, 2.31g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIK - AIEWN
Nike, in short chiton over long chiton, advancing r., holding wreath in raised r.
hand and long palm (or trophy?) over l. shoulder
Rec.Gen., p. 463, 515 & pl. LXXX, #21 (Thanks to Lawrence Woolslayer!)
F+/about VF, black-green patina

Nike here wears as hair-do a so-called lampadion often seen on the gold stateres of Alexander III.
1 commentsJochen
Bithynia, Nikomedia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 25341 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 21, 3.17g
Bust, draped, r.
Skylla advancing l. over waves, holding rudder over her shoulder and dolphin
in outstretched r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253
extremely rare, good F, green patina

For more information see the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.12g, 27.10mm, 225°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
laureate head r.
Athena, helmeted, wearing peplos over long chiton, standing facing, head r.,
holding transversed spear in r. hand and leaning with r. hand on shield set on
small column.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1568 (1 ex., München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3128 (obv. from same die, but cites in error AMNG 1568 under #3129)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
Rare, F+/about VF, nice green patina
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 30, 15.8g, 29.81mm, 225°
struck under legate Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Asklepios, in himation, drapery over l. arm, stg. frontal, head l., leaning on
serpent-staff l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, about VF

Die fault on the bottom of rev. legend of the Pi of VPA and some smoothing (Curtis Clay)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)41 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.16g, 26.64mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
bust, laureate, r.
Homonoia, in long clothes and with kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and in outstretched re hand patera
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1704 (2 ex., Berlin, Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3334 (cites AMNG 1704, but describes AMNG 1705)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF, deep black-green patina
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Siscia 39aA.jpg
A141-25 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)41 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – IA AVGGG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "ASIS" en exergo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #39a Pag.155 - Cohen Vol.VIII #45 Pag.144 - DVM #49 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9184.f. Pag.284
1 commentsmdelvalle
Octavian Sestertius41 viewsOCTAVIAN, with DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR. 38 BC.
Ć Sestertius
Obv: CAESAR before, DIVI F behind, bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard
Rev: DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind, head of Divus Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath.
Crawford 535/1; RPC I 620; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; BMCRR Gaul 106; Cohen 3 (Julius Caesar)
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0141 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"41 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
BCC 39X41 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Denarius
Otho Caesar Augustus 69 CE
Bare head right
Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter
17.5mm 3.11gm. Axis: 180
RIC 10?
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King41 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Crowned lion right, looking backward. Rev.: Eagle over vine. Luschin #69a.dpaul7
P 4 D.jpg
Punic Zeugitana41 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC41 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
pergamon ae18 BK.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon - 2nd-1st cent. BC - AE1841 viewsAE18 6.80g
obv: Head of Athena right, in crested helm
rev: Trophy of arms, (A)THENAS - NIKEPHOROU either side. Pergamon monogram to lower right, monogram between trophy and text to left
SG3960v(monogram), SNG Cop 393-5v(monogram).
Dealer's note: Unusual in that the monogram is to the left
Mysia, Pergamon AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm41 viewsCista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Bow-case with serpents, PER monogram to left, FI above, snake-entwined staff to right.
Kleiner 50, 76-67 BC.
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 20141 viewsAE 18, 3.08g
struck 200-133 BC (according to von Fritze)
obv. Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with star, hair in curls to neck.
rev. Owl with open wings, stg. facing on palmbranch, head l.
above AQH - NAC, below NIKHFOROV
in l. and r. field P - D (magistrate?)
ref. BMC 133, 201; SNG Copenhagen cf.383; SNG von Aulock cf.1375
about VF, nice contrasts

This type is part of a greater series of coins struck in honour of Athena, tutelary deity of Pergamon. Issued possibly to celebrate various victories over the Galati and the Seleucids.
3 commentsJochen
Perinthos AE2641 viewsPerinthos pseudo-autonomous AE26, imperial times.
Obv: Bearded head of Herakles left.
Rev: ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN, Zeus on throne left, holding sceptre and patera, eagle at feet.
Ř 26 mm, 10.41 g.
Schönert, Perinth 116
2 commentsPscipio
Peru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero - NGC MS 6741 viewsPeru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero

*note the prooflike fields.
Philip I41 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
Philippus II. antoninianus41 viewsSAECVLVM NOVVM
Antiochia mint
3 commentsTibsi
Philippus I. Arabs antoninianus * UNIQUE *41 viewsObv.: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG / PM
unknown mint
1 commentsTibsi
Philip II tetradrachm, Amphipolis41 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. Struck around 315-294 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / FILIPP-OU, youth on horseback right, holding palm; L and torch below horse, dolphin under raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 48, 1; SNG ANS 807.1 commentsmarandnumiz
41 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED41 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
Probus SALVS AVG41 viewsProbus, 281 A.D., Ticinum mint.
OBV: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms. V in left field, TXXI in exergue.

Part of the EQVITI series of Ticinum.
Gallienus IOVI STATORI41 viewsGallienus, 263 A.D., Antioch.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left holding scepter and thunderbolt, star in right field.
1 commentsancientcoins
Gallienus AE Antoninianus41 viewsGallienus AE Antoninianus. Rome mint.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right.

Officina letter A in exergue,

RIC V-2 283. Cohen 979.
M. Plaetorius Cestianus, Crawford 409/141 viewsRoman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, gens Plaetoria
AR - denarius, 18.52mm, 3.86g
Rome, 67 BC
obv. Bust of a winged goddess, r., wearing crested helmet, lotus-blossom and grain-ears on forehead, bow and quiver over r. shoulder, cornucopiae under chin
behind CESTIANVS, before S.C
rev. in ex. M PLAE, then TORIVS F AED CVR
Eagle with spread wings stg. r. on thunderbolt, head turned l.
Crawford 409/1, Sydenham 809; BMCRR 3596; Plaetoria 4
VF, toned
ex. M&M AG Auktion 38, Basel 6./7.12.1968, coll. August Voirol, Lot 181
Plaetorius Cestianus was a friend of Cicero.

The goddess on the obv. often is called Vacuna in error. But actually she is an unknown goddess with the attributes of Isis, Ceres, Minerva, Diana and Victoria.
For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
Plautilla and Caracalla41 viewsRIC (Car.)361, Plautilla AR Denarius. 202 AD. PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right / CONCORDIAE AETERNAE, Plautilla & Caracalla clasping hands. RSC 10owellber
Pompeii wall painting41 viewsAnother stunning painting in Pompeii.Titus Pullo
Poseidon-Amphipolis41 viewsGreek, Amphipolis AE20. 168-149 BC. Head of Poseidon right in tainia / Club within oak-wreath, monograms above and below. BMC 23.
Postumus double denarius, 259-263 AD.JPG
Postumus antoninianus, 259-268 AD41 viewsPostumus, AD 260-268
AR - antoninianus, 15mm
Treveri mint; 3rd emission, 1st phase; AD 263-265
radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia
RIC V 75; Mairat 65
Postumus41 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Pax walking left

Antoninianus struck 263 -265 in TRIER, 3° emission
C.220 - RIC.78 - Elmer 333 - Cunetio 2405 - AGK.51
Postumus AE Double Sestertius41 viewsObv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA AVG - Galley with four rowers on waves to right.
Date: 261 AD
Ref: RIC 143
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Short hair, double diadem.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1
de Morgan 58
Sear GIC 5918
BMC 28 284 1
Mitchiner ACW 721-22
Howard Cole
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D. , AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Small tufts of hair on top of head and side of head. Anchor in field to left of bust.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1-1A?
de Morgan 59
Sear GIC 5919
BMC 28 286 22
Howard Cole
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 650var (Not-in-RIC this Bust-C, Not in Alföldi this bust, legend and officina combination !!!), Siscia, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-C, P//XXI, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Rare !!!,41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 650var (Not-in-RIC this Bust-C, Not in Alföldi this bust, legend and officina combination !!!), Siscia, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-C, P//XXI, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Rare !!!,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor standing right, clasping hand of Concordia.
exerg: P//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 7th emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-650var (Not-in-RIC this Bust -C), Alföldi type 26 No Not in Alföldi this bust, legend and officina combination!!!, Rare !!!,
Poland. East Prussia. Friedrich II of Prussia 1740 - 1786 billon 3-groschen 1785 E.41 viewsPoland. East Prussia. Friedrich II of Prussia 1740 - 1786 billon 3-groschen 1785 E. FRIEDRICH BORUSSORUM REX, head right / MONETA ARGENT, crowned flying eagle, value divides date below.

KM 21
Ptolemy II - obol Weiser 1741 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BC). AE obol. Alexandria mint, ca 269-268 BC; 19.09g; obv. Laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right; rev. Eagle standing left on winged thunderbolt; monogram & shield to left, tiny monogram between legs. SNG Cop. 119, Svoronos 553, Weiser 17.

Ex A. Reich's collection
2 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1841 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
389-369 BC 41 viewsAmyntas III

Obverse:Head of Herakles wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΑΜΥΝΤΑ; Eagle right, serpent in its claws, bending down to devour it.

15.70mm 3.63gm

Sear 1512
RI 064cm img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AE Sestertius - RIC 68841 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, Laureate head right
Rev:– [P M TR P III] COS II PP / S C, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Rome, A.D. 195
References:– RIC 688 (Scarce)
RI 068p img.jpg
068 - Geta Ae AS - RIC 175a41 viewsAe AS
Obv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder & cornucopia, wheel under chair, S C in ex
References:– RIC 175a
RI 071h img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 138 (2e)41 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus standing right feeding serpent held in her arms
References:– VM 12, RIC 138 (2e) (Common), RCV02 7498, RSC 254
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13341 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
RI 087a img~0.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 07041 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMA AETERNAE, Rome in military dress, seated facing left, on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 240
Reference:– Van Meter 48, RIC 70, RSC 314
Weight 4.43 gms
Dimensions 22.96mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ar img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 359 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS SEC, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 359 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ed img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 810 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIS)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars advancing right, holding a trophy and spear
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 810 Bust type H. Not listed in Alföldi with wide ties from this officina, cf. Alföldi type 96, n° 188 (wide ties)
RI 132fy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (_ | P / XXI)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; sometimes at foot, one or two captives
Minted in Siscia (P in right field, XXI in exe.) Emission 7, Officina 1. A.D. 280.
Reference:– RIC 816 Bust type H
RI 132gk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIP)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIP in exe) Emission 3 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132ja img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right41 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Cracalla (Aged.10)41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 26a, RSC 599, BMC 114, VF, 3.67g, 17.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery1 commentsowellber
VICTORIAE BRIT - Septimius Severus41 viewsLimes Denarius, 210 ? (2.48gm)
RIC IVi.335, RCV.6385
O: Laureate head right.
R: Victory seated left on shield (or shields), resting another shield on right knee and holding palm in left.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
Paul DiMarzio
RIC 0392 Domitianus41 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
138 - Magnia Urbica, Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2 343 - (Rome)41 viewsObv:– MAGN VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev:– VENVS V-I_CTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet
Minted in Rome (//KAS). A.D. 283-285
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 343. Cohen 17.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
1034cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars walking right with trophy over shoulder and spear
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 1034)
Lampsacus41 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
202cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
314-5cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Hlmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear & shield
Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 314-5)
70741 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Carausius on horseback left, captive under foot
Unmarked mint
RIC 707
712bis41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (712 bis)
1 commentsmauseus
(VI) 1441 viewsConstantius I
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
Lugdunum 7941 viewsAntoninianus
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Fides standing left with two standards
Lugdunum, -/-//III
RIC 79
2 commentsmauseus
117a41 viewsSabina
AE 20mm
Perinthus in Thrace
Demeter standing left
BMC -; Moushmov 4453; Varbanov 3764
22241 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-35 AD
AE sestertius
Laur bust right (slight drapery on left shoulder?)
Sol standing left holding whip
Rome mint
RIC 525b
1 commentsmauseus
141 viewsObverse
VI over G
Crowned 1641
Roman Republic - Anonymous Issue of 115 - 114 BC - Roma seated on sheilds and helmet, she wolf before.41 viewsRoman Republic
Anonymous Issue Silver Denarius.
Rome Mint, 115 - 114 BC.

obv: Head of Roma right wearing Corinthian Helmet pushed up.

rev: Roma seated on a pile of shields holding spear, helmet below. She-wolf and twins before. Flying birds in both fields.

Weight: 3.35g - 20.59mm

Syd. 530.
6 commentsrexesq
Marcus Aurelius Sestertius41 views179-180 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII - Laureate head right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG IMP X COS III P P S-C - Virtus seated r., holding spear and parazonium.
RIC 1249.
2 commentsMinos
708a, Otho41 viewsOtho (69 A.D.)
John Donahue
College of William and Mary

In January 69 Otho led a successful coup to overthrow the emperor Galba. Upon advancing to the throne, he hoped to conciliate his adversaries and restore political stability to the Empire. These ambitions were never to be realized. Instead, our sources portray a leader never fully able to win political confidence at Rome or to overcome military anarchy abroad. As a result, he was defeated in battle by the forces of Vitellius, his successor, and took his own life at the conclusion of the conflict. His principate lasted only eight weeks.
Early Life and Career
Marcus Salvius Otho was born at Ferentium on 28 April 32 A. D. His grandfather, also named Marcus Salvius Otho, was a senator who did not advance beyond the rank of praetor. Lucius Otho, his father, was consul in 33 and a trusted administrator under the emperors Tiberius, Gaius and Claudius. His mother, Albia Terentia, was likely to have been nobly born as well. The cognomen "Otho" was Etruscan in origin, and the fact that it can be traced to three successive generations of this family perhaps reflects a desire to maintain a part of the Etruscan tradition that formed the family's background.
Otho is recorded as being extravagant and wild as a youth - a favorite pastime involved roving about at night to snare drunkards in a blanket. Such behavior earned floggings from his father, whose frequent absences from home on imperial business suggest little in the way of a stabilizing parental influence in Otho's formative years. These traits apparently persisted: Suetonius records that Otho and Nero became close friends because of the similarity of their characters; and Plutarch relates that the young man was so extravagant that he sometimes chided Nero about his meanness, and even outdid the emperor in reckless spending.
Most intriguing in this context is Otho's involvement with Nero's mistress, Poppaea Sabina, the greatest beauty of her day. A relationship between the two is widely cited in the ancient sources, but the story differs in essential details from one account to the next. As a result, it is impossible to establish who seduced whom, whether Otho ever married Poppaea, and whether his posting to Lusitania by Nero should be understood as a "banishment" for his part in this affair. About the only reliable detail to emerge is that Otho did indeed become governor of Lusitania in 59, and that he assumed the post as a quaestor, a rank below that of praetor or consul, the minimum usually required for the office. From here he would launch his initial thrust towards the imperial throne.
Overthrow of Galba
Nero's suicide in June 68 marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and opened up the principate to the prerogatives of the military beyond Rome. First to emerge was Servius Sulpicius Galba, governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who had been encouraged to revolt by the praetorians and especially by Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt and scheming praetorian prefect at Rome. By this time Otho had been in Spain for close to ten years. His record seems to have been a good one, marked by capable administration and an unwillingness to enrich himself at the expense of the province. At the same time, perhaps seeing this as his best chance to improve his own circumstances, he supported the insurrection as vigorously as possible, even sending Galba all of his gold and his best table servants. At the same time, he made it a point to win the favor of every soldier he came in contact with, most notably the members of the praetorian guard who had come to Spain to accompany Galba to Rome. Galba set out from Spain in July, formally assuming the emperorship shortly thereafter. Otho accompanied him on the journey.
Galba had been in Rome little more than two months when on 1 January 69 the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. To show that he was still in charge Galba adopted his own successor, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus, an aristocrat completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate and particularly angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered. On that same evening a powerless senate awarded Otho the imperial titles.
Otho's Principate in Rome
It is not possible to reconstruct a detailed chronology of Otho's brief eight and a half weeks as princeps in Rome (15 January-15 March). Even so, Galba's quick demise had surely impressed upon Otho the need to conciliate various groups. As a result, he continued his indulgence of the praetorian guard but he also tried to win over the senate by following a strict constitutionalist line and by generally keeping the designations for the consulship made by Nero and Galba. In the provinces, despite limited evidence, there are some indications that he tried to compensate for Galba's stinginess by being more generous with grants of citizenship. In short, Otho was eager not to offend anyone.
Problems remained, however. The praetorians had to be continually placated and they were always suspicious of the senate. On the other hand, the senate itself, along with the people, remained deeply disturbed at the manner of Otho's coming to power and his willingness to be associated with Nero. These suspicions and fears were most evident in the praetorian outbreak at Rome. Briefly, Otho had decided to move from Ostia to Rome a cohort of Roman citizens in order to replace some of Rome's garrison, much of which was to be utilized for the showdown with Vitellius. He ordered that weapons be moved from the praetorian camp in Rome by ship to Ostia at night so that the garrison replacements would be properly armed and made to look as soldierly as possible when they marched into the city. Thinking that a senatorial counter-coup against Otho was underway, the praetorians stormed the imperial palace to confirm the emperor's safety, with the result that they terrified Otho and his senatorial dinner guests. Although the praetorians' fears were eventually calmed and they were given a substantial cash payment, the incident dramatically underscored the unease at Rome in the early months of 69.
Otho's Offensive against Vitellius
Meanwhile, in the Rhineland, preparations for a march on Rome by the military legions that had declared for Vitellius were far advanced. Hampered by poor intelligence gathering in Gaul and Germany and having failed to negotiate a settlement with Vitellius in early 69, Otho finally summoned to Italy his forces for a counterattack against the invading Vitellian army. His support consisted of the four legions of Pannonia and Dalmatia, the three legions of Moesia and his own imperial retinue of about 9,000. Vitellius' own troops numbered some 30,000, while those of his two marshals, Aulus Caecina Alienus and Fabius Valens, were between 15,000 and 20,000 each.
Otho's strategy was to make a quick diversionary strike in order to allow time for his own forces to assemble in Italy before engaging the enemy. The strategy worked, as the diversionary army, comprised of urban cohorts, praetorians and marines all from Rome or nearby, was successful in Narbonese Gaul in latter March. An advance guard sent to hold the line on the Po River until the Danubian legions arrived also enjoyed initial success. Otho himself arrived at Bedriacum in northern Italy about 10 April for a strategy session with his commanders. The main concern was that the Vitellians were building a bridge across the Po in order to drive southward towards the Apennines and eventually to Rome. Otho decided to counter by ordering a substantial part of his main force to advance from Bedriacum and establish a new base close enough to the new Vitellian bridge to interrupt its completion. While en route, the Othonian forces, strung out along the via Postumia amid baggage and supply trains, were attacked by Caecina and Valens near Cremona on 14 April. The clash, know as the Battle of Bedriacum, resulted in the defeat of the Othonian forces, their retreat cut off by the river behind them. Otho himself, meanwhile, was not present, but had gone to Brixellum with a considerable force of infantry and cavalry in order to impede any Vitellian units that had managed to cross the Po.
The plan had backfired. Otho's strategy of obtaining victory while avoiding any major battles had proven too risky. Realizing perhaps that a new round of fighting would have involved not only a significant re-grouping of his existing troops but also a potentially bloody civil war at Rome, if Vitellius' troops reached the capital, Otho decided that enough blood had been shed. Two weeks shy of his thirty-seventh birthday, on 16 April 69, he took his own life.
To be sure, Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Perhaps, like Petronius, he saw it was safer to appear a profligate in Nero's court? In the final analysis, Otho proved to be an organized and efficient military commander, who appealed more to the soldier than to the civilian. He also seems to have been a capable governor, with administrative talents that recalled those of his father. Nevertheless, his violent overthrow of Galba, the lingering doubts that it raised about his character, and his unsuccessful offensive against Vitellius are all vivid reminders of the turbulence that plagued the Roman world between the reigns of Nero and Vespasian. Regrettably, the scenario would play itself out one more time before peace and stability returned to the empire.
Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue
Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.

Roman Republican denarius of Mn Cordius Rufus, 46 BC, Rome41 viewsRoman Republic
M Cordius Rufus, 46 BC
AR denarius
Crested Corinthian helmet, owl on helm
Aegis of Minerva with head of Medusa at center
Cr463/3; Syd 977
41 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé ŕ gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
5.1 Antoninus Pius Denarius,41 viewsreverse: ROMA COS IIII

Roma seated left
Roman Republic, 140 BC, Valeria 41 viewsAR Denarius (3.7g, 19mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck 140 BC, Monneyer: C.Valerius C.f.Flaccus
obv.: X behind helmeted head of Roma, facing right
rev.: FLAC above, C·VAL·C·F below, (ROMA in ex.) Victory galloping in biga to the right.
Seaby (RSC I.) Valeria 7.
Charles S
Roman Republic, 210-170 BC41 viewsAR Victoriatus (2.8g, 17mm, 1h). Rome mint. Struck 210-170 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter facing right.
Rev.: ROMA in ex., Victory standing right crowning trophy.
Seaby (RSC I.) Anon. 9
Charles S
RSC1a Plautilla~0.JPG
bC3. RSC 1. AR Denarius. Concordia Avgg.41 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped bust right PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA

Rev. Concordia standing left holding patera and sceptre CONCORDIA AVG.

1 commentsLordBest
L. Rubrius Dossenus (87 B.C.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: DOSSEN, Head of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN behind and below
R: L ·RVBRI, Triumphal quadriga right, thunderbolt on side-panel, small Victory on top holding wreath, L ·RVBRI in ex.
Sear 258; Crawford 348/1 RSC Rubria 1 SRCV 258

Ex. Harlan J. Berk
3 commentsMat
Sabina Augusta - CONCORDIA AVG41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome Mint
Obv: SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left elbow on statuette of Spes, cornucopia under seat
3.216g, 19.2mm
RIC Hadrian 398, RSC 12, BMC 895
(Fire Damaged)
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,41 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/Q//--, diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-012, p-193, Göbl-242b,
Salonina, Perge, Elpis, AE30 41 views30mm, 17.2g
obv: KORNHΛIA CAΛONINA CEBA; draped bust with crescent and stephane right, I (mark of value=10) to right
rev: ΠEPΓAIΩN; Elpis to left, flower in raised right, gathering skirts with left hand

SNG Copenhagen 365; SNG PfPS 447

(updated picture, CLICK for a sharper version)
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous41 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,41 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers:- Crowned bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right.
revers:- Fire altar flanked by attendants.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
590-628 Khosrow II - dirham from Hormizd-Ardashir (Iran)41 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants.
2 commentsGinolerhino
531-579 Khosrow I - dirham from Eran-asan-kar-Kavad (Hulwan, Iran)41 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants, wearing turbans.
3 commentsGinolerhino
Scipio41 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196641 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.

During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53441 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
Seleukos IV Philopator41 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator
Date: 187-175 BC
Size: Serrate AE 22 9.29g
Mint: Antioch
Obverse: Apollo r.
Reverse: Apollo tripod
Reference: SNG Spaer 848
3 commentsJohn K
Vologases IV41 viewstetradrachm, 147 - 191 AD
Sellwood 84.16
2 commentsRobert L3
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, barbar ??? ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, 41 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-, Laurate bust right.
revers:- ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome ???, date: A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-74, p-, RSC-6, S-, ???
Septimius Severus, Anchialus, Hermes seated, Æ2641 viewsTHRACE, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD.
Ć 26mm (10.73 gm).
obv: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: Hermes seated left on rocks, holding caduceus and wearing petasos.
Strack 468; BMC Thrace pg. 84, 8; SNG Copenhagen 432. VF, tan patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
Septimius Severus, Heropolis-Castabala, Dionysos, AE3141 viewsAE31, 14.6g
obv: [AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVNPOC]; emperor standing left with Nike and spear
rev: IEPOΠOΛITΩN KACTABAΛEΩN; draped bust of Dionysos right
Septimius Severus - RIC 19841 viewsSilver Denarius. 205 AD. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Anonna standing left holding corn ears over modius to left & cornucopiae. RSC 472, RIC 198Bud Stewart
[1001a] Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 32, RSC 301, VF, 2.966g, 16.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right; reverse LIBERO PATRI, Liber (Bacchus) standing left, in right ocnochoe over panther, thysus in left; excellent portrait; scarce. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Lucius Septimius Severus restored stability to the Roman empire after the tumultuous reign of the emperor Commodus and the civil wars that erupted in the wake of Commodus' murder. However, by giving greater pay and benefits to soldiers and annexing the troublesome lands of northern Mesopotamia into the Roman empire, Septimius Severus brought increasing financial and military burdens to Rome's government. His prudent administration allowed these burdens to be met during his eighteen years on the throne, but his reign was not entirely sunny. The bloodiness with which Severus gained and maintained control of the empire tarnished his generally positive reputation.

Severus' Early Life and Acclamation
Severus was born 11 April 145 in the African city of Lepcis Magna, whose magnificent ruins are located in modern Libya, 130 miles east of Tripoli. Septimius Severus came from a distinguished local family with cousins who received suffect consulships in Rome under Antoninus Pius. The future emperor's father seems not to have held any major offices, but the grandfather may have been the wealthy equestrian Septimius Severus commemorated by the Flavian-era poet Statius.

The future emperor was helped in his early career by one of his consular cousins, who arranged entry into the senate and the favor of the emperor Marcus Aurelius. Life as a senator meant a life of travel from one government posting to another. Moorish attacks on his intended post of Baetica (southern Spain) forced Severus to serve his quaestorship in Sardinia. He then traveled to Africa as a legate and returned to Rome to be a tribune of the plebs. Around the year 175 he married Paccia Marciana, who seems also to have been of African origin. The childless marriage lasted a decade or so until her death.

Severus' career continued to flourish as the empire passed from Marcus to Commodus. The young senator held a praetorship, then served in Spain, commanded a legion in Syria and held the governorships of Gallia Lugdunensis (central France), Sicily and Upper Pannonia (easternmost Austria and western Hungary). While in Gallia Lugdunensis in 187, the now-widowed future emperor married Julia Domna, a woman from a prominent family of the Syrian city of Emesa. Two sons quickly arrived, eleven months apart: Bassianus (known to history as Caracalla) in April of the year 188, and Geta in March 189.

News of Pertinax's assassination 28 March 193 in an uprising by the praetorian guard quickly reached Pannonia, and only twelve days later on 9 April 193, Severus was proclaimed emperor. Septimius Severus had the strong support of the armies along the Rhine and Danube, but the loyalty of the governor of Britain, Clodius Albinus, was in doubt. Severus' envoys from Pannonia offered Albinus the title of Caesar, which he accepted.

The Civil Wars with Albinus, Niger, and Didius Julianus
In the city of Rome, Didius Julianus gained the support of the praetorian troops and was promoted as the successor to Pertinax. Although Julianus' authority did not extend much beyond Italy, Severus understood that legitimacy for a Roman emperor meant having one's authority accepted in Rome. He and his army began a swift march to the city. They met practically no resistance on their advance from Pannonia into northern Italy, as Julianus' supporters defected. By the beginning of June when Severus reached Interamna, 50 miles north of Rome, even the praetorian guard stationed in the capital switched sides. Didius Julianus was declared a public enemy and killed. Septimius Severus entered Rome without a fight.

Civil war was not yet over. Another provincial governor also had his eyes on the throne. In Syria, Pescennius Niger had been proclaimed emperor on news of Pertinax's death, and the eastern provinces quickly went under his authority. Byzantium became Niger's base of operations as he prepared to fight the armies of the west loyal to Severus.

Niger was unable to maintain further advances into Europe. The fighting moved to the Asian shore of the Propontis, and in late December 193 or early January 194, Niger was defeated in a battle near Nicaea and fled south. Asia and Bithynia fell under Severus' control, and Egypt soon recognized Severus' authority. By late spring, Niger was defeated near Issus and the remainder of his support collapsed. Syria was pacified. Niger was killed fleeing Antioch. Byzantium, however, refused to surrender to Severan forces. Niger's head was sent to the city to persuade the besieged citizens to give up, but to no avail. The Byzantines held out for another year before surrender. As punishment for their stubbornness, the walls of their city were destroyed.

Severus' Eastern Campaigns
During the fighting, two of the peoples of upper Mesopotamia -- the Osrhoeni and the Adiabeni -- captured some Roman garrisons and made an unsuccessful attack on the Roman-allied city of Nisibis. After the defeat of Niger, these peoples offered to return Roman captives and what remained of the seized treasures if the remaining Roman garrisons were removed from the region. Severus refused the offer and prepared for war against the two peoples, as well as against an Arabian tribe that had aided Niger. In the spring of 195, Severus marched an army through the desert into upper Mesopotamia. The native peoples quickly surrendered, and Severus added to his name the victorious titles Arabicus and Adiabenicus. Much of the upper third of Mesopotamia was organized as a Roman province, though the king of Osrhoene was allowed to retain control of a diminished realm.

The tottering Parthian empire was less and less able to control those peoples living in the border regions with Rome. Rome's eastern frontier was entering a period of instability, and Severus responded with an interventionist policy of attack and annexation. Some senators feared that increased involvement in Mesopotamia would only embroil Rome in local squabbles at great expense. The emperor, however, would remain consistent in his active eastern policy.

Legitimization of the Severan Dynasty
Severus also took steps to cement his legitimacy as emperor by connecting himself to the Antonine dynasty. Severus now proclaimed himself the son of Marcus Aurelius, which allowed him to trace his authority, through adoption, back to the emperor Nerva. Julia Domna was awarded the title "Mother of the Camp" (mater castrorum), a title only previously given to the empress Faustina the Younger, Marcus' wife. Bassianus, the emperor's elder son, was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and given the title Caesar. It was this last step that marked a decisive break with Albinus.

Albinus had remained in Britain as governor during the struggles between Severus and Niger. Although Albinus had not attempted open revolt against the emperor, he seems to have been in communication with senators about future moves. By the end of 195, Albinus was declared a public enemy by Severus. The governor of Britain responded by proclaiming himself emperor and invading Gaul.

A weary Roman populace used the anonymity of the crowd at the chariot races to complain about renewed civil war, but it was Gaul that bore the brunt of the fighting. Albinus and his supporters were able to inflict losses on the occasion of the initial attacks, but disorder was so great that opportunistic soldiers could easily operate on their own within the lands under Albinus' nominal control.

The tide began to turn early in 197, and after a Severan victory at Tournus, Albinus found himself and his army trapped near Lyon. A battle broke out 19 February 197. In the initial fighting, Albinus' troops forced the Severans into retreat, during which Severus fell off his horse. When the Severan cavalry appeared, however, Albinus' army was routed. Lyon was sacked and Albinus, who was trapped in a house along the river Rhône, committed suicide. Severus ordered Albinus' head to be cut off and sent to Rome for display. Many of Albinus' supporters were killed, including a large number of Spanish and Gallic aristocrats. Albinus' wife and children were killed, as were many of the wives of his supporters. Tradition also told of the mutilation of bodies and denial of proper burial. The emperor revealed a penchant for cruelty that troubled even his fervent supporters. A purge of the senate soon followed. Included among the victims was Pertinax's father-in-law, Sulpicianus.

Severus and the Roman Military
Severus brought many changes to the Roman military. Soldiers' pay was increased by half, they were allowed to be married while in service, and greater opportunities were provided for promotion into officer ranks and the civil service. The entire praetorian guard, discredited by the murder of Pertinax and the auctioning of their support to Julianus, was dismissed. The emperor created a new, larger praetorian guard out of provincial soldiers from the legions. Increases were also made to the two other security forces based in Rome: the urban cohorts, who maintained order; and the night watch, who fought fires and dealt with overnight disturbances, break-ins and other petty crime. These military reforms proved expensive, but the measures may well have increased soldiers' performance and morale in an increasingly unsettled age.

One location that remained unsettled was the eastern frontier. In 197 Nisibis had again been under siege, and the emperor prepared for another eastern campaign. Three new legions were raised, though one was left behind in central Italy to maintain order. The Roman armies easily swept through upper Mesopotamia, traveling down the Euphrates to sack Seleucia, Babylon and Ctesiphon, which had been abandoned by the Parthian king Vologaeses V. On 28 January 198 -- the centenary of Trajan's accession -- Severus took the victorious title Parthicus Maximus and promoted both of his sons: Caracalla to the rank of Augustus and Geta to the rank of Caesar.

Before embarking on the eastern campaign, the emperor had named Gaius Fulvius Plautianus as a praetorian prefect. Plautianus came from the emperor's home town of Lepcis, and the prefect may even have been a relative of the emperor. The victories in Mesopotamia were followed by tours of eastern provinces, including Egypt. Plautianus accompanied Severus throughout the travels, and by the year 201 Plautianus was the emperor's closest confidant and advisor. Plautianus was also praetorian prefect without peer after having arranged the murder of his last colleague in the post.

Upon the return to Rome in 202, the influence of Plautianus was at its height. Comparisons were made with Sejanus, the powerful praetorian prefect under the emperor Tiberius. Plautianus, who earlier had been adlected into the senate, was now awarded consular rank, and his daughter Plautilla was married to Caracalla. The wealth Plautianus had acquired from his close connection with the emperor enabled him to provide a dowry said to have been worthy of fifty princesses. Celebrations and games also marked the decennalia, the beginning of the tenth year of Severus' reign. Later in the year the enlarged imperial family traveled to Lepcis, where native sons Severus and Plautianus could display their prestige and power.

The following year the imperial family returned to Rome, where an arch, still standing today, was dedicated to the emperor at the western end of the Forum. Preparations were also being made for the Secular Games, which were thought to have originated in earliest Rome and were to be held every 110 years. Augustus celebrated the Secular Games in 17 B.C., and Domitian in A.D. 88, six years too early. (Claudius used the excuse of Rome's 800th year to hold the games in A.D. 47.) In 204 Severus would preside over ten days of ceremonies and spectacles.

By the end of 204, Plautianus was finding his influence with the emperor on the wane. Caracalla was not happy to be the husband of Plautilla. Julia Domna resented Plautianus' criticisms and investigations against her. Severus was tiring of his praetorian prefect's ostentation, which at times seemed to surpass that of the emperor himself. The emperor's ailing brother, Geta, also denounced Plautianus, and after Geta's death the praetorian prefect found himself being bypassed by the emperor. In January 205 a soldier named Saturninus revealed to the emperor a plot by Plautianus to have Severus and Caracalla killed. Plautianus was summoned to the imperial palace and executed. His children were exiled, and Caracalla divorced Plautilla. Some observers suspected the story of a plot was merely a ruse to cover up long-term plans for Plautianus' removal.

Severus and Roman Law
Two new praetorian prefects were named to replace Plautianus, one of whom was the eminent jurist Papinian. The emperor's position as ultimate appeals judge had brought an ever-increasing legal workload to his office. During the second century, a career path for legal experts was established, and an emperor came to rely heavily upon his consilium, an advisory panel of experienced jurists, in rendering decisions. Severus brought these jurists to even greater prominence. A diligent administrator and conscientious judge, the emperor appreciated legal reasoning and nurtured its development. His reign ushered in the golden age of Roman jurisprudence, and his court employed the talents of the three greatest Roman lawyers: Papinian, Paul and Ulpian.

The order Severus was able to impose on the empire through both the force of arms and the force of law failed to extend to his own family. His now teenaged sons, Caracalla and Geta, displayed a reckless sibling rivalry that sometimes resulted in physical injury. The emperor believed the lack of responsibilities in Rome contributed to the ill-will between his sons and decided that the family would travel to Britain to oversee military operations there. Caracalla was involved in directing the army's campaigns, while Geta was given civilian authority and a promotion to joint emperor with his father and brother.

Severus was now into his 60s. Chronic gout limited his activities and sapped his strength. The emperor's health continued to deteriorate in Britain, and he became ever more intent on trying to improve the bitter relationship between his two sons. He is reported to have given his sons three pieces of advice: "Get along; pay off the soldiers; and disregard everyone else." The first piece of advice would not be heeded.

Severus died in York on 4 February 211 at the age of 65. His reign lasted nearly 18 years, a duration that would not be matched until Diocletian. Culturally and ideologically Septimius Severus connected his reign to the earlier Antonine era, but the reforms he enacted would eventually alter the very character of Roman government. By creating a larger and more expensive army and increasing the influence of lawyers in administration, Severus planted the seeds that would develop into the highly militaristic and bureaucratic government of the later empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, Michael L. Meckler. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Faustina II., Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Severus Alexander Providentia Sestertius41 viewsSeverus Alexander (222-235)
30mm, 20,8g
obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust
right, drapery on left shoulder,
rev.: PROVIDENTIA AVG, S-C across field, Providentia
standing front, holding cornucopiae in left and 3 corn ears over modius in right,
ref.: RIC 642, C. 503 var., BMC 883
POLAND - Sigismund III41 viewsPOLAND - Sigismund III (1587-1632) AR 3 Polker, 1623. KM #15.dpaul7
Peloponnesus. Sikyon AR Stater (obverse)41 viewsCirca 431-400 B.C. 12.27g. BCD-189, BM-22. Obverse. Chimaera walking left. SE below. Extremely beautiful stater. Ex Berk 179th 2012 Auction, lot 131. Mint State.Jason T
Pamphylia, Sillyon. Lucilla AE24. Bust of Men41 viewsLucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, wife of Lucius Verus, Augusta, 164-182 AD. AE24, 9.5g.
Obv: ΛΟΥΚΙΛΛΑ CEBACTH. Draped bust right, hair gathered in back in Chignon.
Rev: CIΛΛYEΩN. Draped bust of Męn right, crescent at shoulders.
SMHGamma copy.jpg
Licinius II, AE 341 viewsLicinius II, AE 3 Struck 321-324 AD
3gm, 17mm

OBV/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; helmeted and cuir bust l., holding shield and spear across shoulder.
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe in r. hand and eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand; eagle with wreath in beak before, bound captive behind. XIIr in r. field. SMH Gamma in exergue.
RIC VII, 54 Rare: Scarce

A beautiful coin with lovely "desert" patina.
Spanish Cob41 viewsPhilip III ( 1598-1621), 8 Maravedis ?Daniel F
square phocas.jpg
Phocas41 viewsJericho
Septimius Severus, Stobi41 viewsSEVERVS PIVS AVGV
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left

Victory/Nemesis in advancing left in long chiton,
turned left, wheel at her feet, holding wreath in right hand,
palm branch in left

Ae 27mm; 12.57g
Nominal III
2 commentsarizonarobin
Celtic imitation - AE 2241 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right ;
wide trident
H countermark
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin could be:

Thessalonica - AE 17
187-31 BC
diademed head of Artemis right (wave on Strymon's face is Artemis's curl)
bow and quiver
monograms left
SNGCop 358. Moushmov 6600

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

Maybe H countermark allowed this coin to return into Macedonian circulation? Who knows what this coin has experienced.
Sulpicius Galba41 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
SWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-181841 viewsSWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-1818 Copper 1 Skilling, 1812. KM #585.dpaul7
sweden 1801.jpg
SWEDEN - GUSTAV IV ADOLF - 1792-180941 viewsSWEDEN - GUSTAV IV ADOLF - 1792-1809, copper 1/2-Skilling, 1801. KM #549.dpaul7
Julius Caesar41 viewsJulius Caesar
46 - 45 BC
3.84 g
18 mm
Diademed head of Venus, right, Cupid on her shoulder.
Gallia and Gaulish captive seated beneath trophy of Gallic arms.
Sydenham 1014 - Crawford 568/1
1 commentsArgentoratum
41 viewsmarandnumiz
[1117] Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.41 viewsSilvered Antoninianus. RIC 210. Weight, Size. aVF. Minted in Antioch. Obverse:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter, both holding scepters, Z below figures; XXI in exegrue. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tacitus (275-276 A.D.)

Robin Mc Mahon
New York University

Full name, Marcus Claudius Tacitus; name as Emperor, Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus. We have no reliable information on the earlier career of the Emperor Tacitus. All that is known with any degree of certainty is that in 273 he was consul along with Julius Placidianus. All the statements in the Historia Augusta regarding Tacitus' earlier career, including the claim he was related to the historian Tacitus, have been rejected by historians as fictitious. The most reliable sources for Tacitus' reign, Zosimus and Zonaras, state that he was chosen Emperor by the army following the assassination of Aurelian in the fall of 275, most likely in November. At the time of his elevation he was in Interamna (modern Terni, about 60 miles north of Rome). From there he made his way to Rome where he was confirmed as Emperor by the Senate. Tradition has it that he was 75 years old at the time, but there is no way to confirm this.

As Emperor, Tacitus first had Aurelian deified, then seized and executed many individuals involved in plotting Aurelian's murder. Tacitus then turned his attention to the defense of the Empire. Although the Franks, Alamanni, and Longiones posed threats in the north, Tacitus determined that the greater danger lay in the East. Aurelian had enlisted the aid of several barbarian tribes, including the Heruli and Maeotidae (referred to as Scythians in the sources), for a projected invasion of Parthia. Aurelian's murder cancelled these plans. Feeling cheated of their opportunity for plunder, the tribes attacked the Roman provinces in Asia Minor, overrunning Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia and Cilicia, and caused terrible destruction. Tacitus appointed his half-brother Florian Praetorian Prefect. They campaigned in the East against the invaders, winning Tacitus the title Gothicus Maximus.

Tacitus, however, did not long enjoy his victory: on his way back to Europe, he died. Zosimus and Zonaras preserve the report that Tacitus had appointed a relative of his, Maximinus, as governor of Syria. Maximinus was murdered; then the assassins, fearing Tacitus's reaction, murdered him. It was alleged that some of them had also had a hand in murdering Aurelian. The Historia Augusta more eccentrically reports that Tacitus became ill with a fever and started showing signs of megalomania: but as the month September Tacitus allegedly wanted named after himself dates his accession incorrectly, the story appears to be a fabrication. Tacitus died some time in June of 276. His memory was neither condemned nor deified.

Tacitus held the consulship at least twice, first in 273 and again in 276. There is numismatic evidence of a third consulship but there is no record of a third in any of the fasti, that is, the lists of consuls. Because of the paucity of the sources and the brevity of his reign, little can be said of his policies. It is unlikely that the military would choose as Emperor anyone like the contemplative, abstemious civilian the Historia Augusta portrays. A hint may be given by the fact that Tacitus's colleague in the consulship of 273, Julius Placidianus, commanded an army corps in Narbonensis and later went on to be a Praetorian Perfect. Nevertheless, some numismatic and epigraphic evidence suggests that Tacitus sought to strike a milder tone than his predecessor. Prominent among his coin legends is Clementia Temporum [the reverse type in my collection]. Unlike both Aurelian and Tacitus' successor, Probus, Tacitus did not take the title, deus et dominus natus ["born god and master"]. He also issued no Sol Invictus coins honoring Aurelian's favorite deity. Some of his coins revive the SC (senatus consulto) marking senatorial authority for the issue, which had been missing in previous reigns. Tacitus also used the Genius Senatus, inscriptions which had disappeared under Valerian. Further, in some inscriptions he is styled auctor verae libertatis ["originator of true liberty"], and on coins restitutor rei publicae ["restorer of the state"].


Tacitus largely fell out of the ancient historiographical record. The best sources are Zosimus and Zonaras. The Historia Augusta creates its own fiction of Tacitus out of forged documents, bogus names and faulty chronology. Tacitus deserved better than oblivion or fabrication, having halted potentially serious raiding in the East.

Two problems emerge from the evidence for Tacitus's short reign. The first is the six-month interregnum said to have intervened between the death of Aurelian and Tacitus' accession. The years 260-285 have been the subject of close chronological scrutiny, and it has been shown that, although there might have been a brief interval between emperors (something not uncommon), amounting to a few weeks, anything longer is not possible. The error appears to have originated in the Latin historians, who confused the duration of Tacitus' and Florian's reign with the brief period between the reigns of Aurelian and Tacitus.

The second question is whether or not the edict of the Emperor Gallienus, which had excluded senators from military commands and any other dealings with the military, was set aside during the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. Aurelius Victor reports that Gallienus, acting largely through fear of revolts and usurpation, replaced the senators in military offices with Equites. Several passages in the Historia Augusta claim that these edicts were suspended for the duration of the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. The overwhelming consensus among historians, however, is that the passages in the Historia Augusta are unhistorical: no credible evidence suggests that Gallienus' edicts were even temporarily set aside.

Copyright (C) 2000, Robin Mc Mahon. Used by permission.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Theodosius Half Siliqua41 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Contemporary Alexander the Great41 viewsAlexander III
Tetradrachm ca. 336-323 BC
Tetradracma VESPASIANO RPC 1970-3_1.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)41 viewsAR Tetradracma (Provincial) 25 x 23 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AYTOK[PAT ΩP KAICAP CEBATOC OYECIIACIANOC]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ETOY [NEOY IEPOY A ó B ó Γ]" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza a izquierda, sobre un garrote con sus alas extendidas y corona de laureles en el pico.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Syria - Seleucis and Pieria - Antiochia ad Orontem

Referencias: Sear GICTV #736 Pag.70 - BMC Vol.20 #227 Pag.178 - RPC (#1970 =Ańo 1, #1971=Ańo 2 ó #1973=Ańo 3) Grupo 7 - Prieur Syro-Phoenician tatradrachms (2000) pag.20 #132 Grupo 9
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC 148.jpg
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC V/2 14841 viewsAnt, 2.51g, 21mm.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, VIRTVS standing L in helmet and military dress, holding spear and leaning on shield.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 148, Scarce.

Thai Coca Cola41 viewsThai Coke2 commentsrexesq
Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR 8, Hemiobol41 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR Hemiobol (8mm, ca. 0.3g)
head of nymph left / dolphin left, Q-A. SNG Copenhagen 1035. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Theodosius I, Vows AE4 * 379-395 AD41 views
Theodosius I, Vows * 379-395 AD * Bronze

Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VOT / V / MVLT / X, Legend within wreath. ("I Vow five years, perhaps ten").

B(eta) SISC in exergue

Mint: Siscia

Size: 15 mm.
Weight: 1.4 grams
Patina: Medium green, flat.

RIC 29d.
Sear 4187v.
Q. Titius, Ar Quinarius41 viewsObv:– Draped and winged bust of Victory right
Rev:– Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below
Minted in Rome 90 B.C.
Reference:– Sydenham 693, Crawford 431/2

Weight 1.98g. Size 14.13 mm
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint.JPG
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint41 viewsAE 26, Tiberias mint under Agrippa II 55-95 AD
Obverse: KAICAP CEBAC AVTOKP TITOC, Laureate head of Titus right
Reverse: ETO-KS BA / A (Gamma)PI-(Pi Pi)A, Nike standing right with wreath and palm.
26 mm, 13.2 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Titus Caesarea Maritima W/Countermark41 viewsTitus, 79-81 AD, Ae 21.6 mm, 7.09 g. Caesarea Maritima Mint
O: Laureate head of Titus right, Greek text ΑYTΟΚΡ TΙT ΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ around.
R: Nike right, left foot on helmet, writing AY T KAIC with right hand upon shield, hanging from palm tree. Greek text IΟΥΔΑΙΑΣ ΕΑΛWΚΥΙΑΣ around w/ countermark. Rare with countermark.
Hendin 1446 (prev. Hendin 743). AJC II supplement VII, 2.

Caesarea Maritima, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus, the Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
Titus RIC 3841 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus41 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 112, RSC 309.
Rome mint, AD 80.
18 mm x 19 mm, 2.89 g.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor.

The reverse type of dolphin and anchor was part of a series by Titus honoring various deities (here, Neptune) following the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii.
2 commentsMarsman
Titus RIC II 010441 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.36g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Captives, two, back to back, seated on either side of trophy, man on l. woman on r. RIC II 104 (R).

The rare aspect of this type (compared with the more common Titus 102) is that the male captive is on the left, and the female is on the right. While a small difference, it is significant in terms of scarcity. This is the only example I’ve seen in trade of this type, and with a full weight, well centered on its flan, and full legends, it is in good condition as well.
4 commentsLucas H
LUCIUS VERUS41 viewsAR denarius. 163-165 AD. 3,82 grs. Laureate head right. L.VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS. /
Roma in military attire advancing left holding Victory and trophy. TR P V IMP II COS II.
RIC 537. RSC 270 a.
1 commentsbenito
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis AMNG 361941 viewsPhilipp II AD 244-246
AE 27, 11.91g
confronted busts of Philipp II and Serapis
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (WC ligated)
Homonoia, in himation and long chiton, wearing kalathos, std. frontal, head l.,
holding Patera in extended r. hand and Cornucopiae with crab(?) in r. arm
Regling, AMNG I, 2, p.913, no.3619 (attr. by Pat Lawrence)
rare, F+/about VF

One of the latest provincial coins of Tomis.
trajan com.JPG
Trajan Alexandria Milne 71041 viewsAE 14 mm 2.0 grams 113-114 AD
OBV :: no legend, Laureate head right of Trajan
REV :: no legend, hem hem crown of Harpocraties, LI-Z ( year 17 ) below crown
Minted in Alexandria
Milne 710
purcharsed 04/2008
1 commentsJohnny
Trajan Deicus--Ric16b.jpg
250 AD - Trajan Decius - 249-251 - Ric 016b - Genius41 viewsIMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG - Radiate, draped, and curaissed bust right
GENIVSEXERCILLVRICIANI - Genius standing Left, holding patera and cornucopia, standard on right.

Rome Mint, RIC 16(b)
1 commentsjimwho523
Emperor Trajan Denarius41 viewsIMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, drapery at shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Annona standing with cornucopiae, modius & basket at feet. RIC 166. 1 commentsStuart Francis
Tralles; AE 15.0; Head of Zeus right/ ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing left41 viewsTralles, Lydia. Second - first century B.C. AE 2.46g, 15.0mm. Head of Zeus laureate r. ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing l. BMC 336, 63; Copenhagen 667. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Trebonianus Gallus41 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
Tripolis; AE24, Head of Herakles r./ Artemis walking r.41 viewsTripolis, Lydia, Imperial times, AE 24.0mm, 5.97g. ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Head of Herakles r. / ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Artemis walking r. BMC 369, 37. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Severus Alexander AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis M.I.41 viewsSeverus Alexander & Maesa, AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis, M.I.
Demeter (Ceres), deity of agriculture, holds ears of corn, and frequently a torch.
Collection of "newone"

0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs41 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
4 commentsrexesq
Constantine II AE Follis.41 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

laureate head right

CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X within wreath, large dot

RT in exergue.

3 commentsWill Hooton
R-8-A. L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.41 viewsType: L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

Ruler / Years: 47 B.C

Denomination: Denarius

Metal Type: Silver

Size / Weight: 18.6mm 3.47g,


Condition: VF

Obverse Description: head of Medusa facing, wearing hoop earrings

Obverse Legend: L·PLAVTIVS

Reverse Description: Victory facing, holding palm frond in left hand, leading four horses

Reverse Legend: PLANCVS

Exergue: Rome mint

Attributes: S 429, Syd 959b, Craw 453/1c, RSC Plautia 14,


Scott Morris
Unlisted Ticinum.JPG
Constantine The Great, Ticinum, Unlisted41 viewsAE3, Ticinum Mint, 307-337 AD
Obverse: CONSTANTIN(VS AVG), Draped and cuirassed bust left in high crested helmet.
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAET PP, Two victories holding shield inscribed VOT / PR over alter
TT in exergue
17mm, 3.4gm

Bust type, obverse and reverse legend all unlisted in RIC for Ticinum VLPP coins.
Jerome Holderman
UR SMHE star.jpg
SMHε*41 viewsAE3 Follis, 2.70 g, 19 mm, 11 h

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε*

Heralcea mint

Vrbs Roma - Arles41 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=18mm p=2,70g
Valens 111a.jpg
Valens, RIC unknown41 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Emperor advancing right holding labarum and dragging captive.
Exe: unknown
Date: 364-378 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: unknown

VALENS-341 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM Emperor walking right head turned back grasping bound captive at top of head with right hand holding banner with "Chi Rho"

Exe: branchrightBSISC Siscia mint

Ref: Rix IX 5b type iii 2.3g 17mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
Valens-741 viewsAE3, 364-378 AD, Constantinople mint
Obverse: DN VALENS PF AVG, Diademmed , draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
CONSP(Gamma) exergue, RIC 21c
2.0gm , 17mm
Jerome Holderman
Valentinian III, Castrorvm Ianva, Roma41 viewsantvwala
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,41 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,
avers:- DN-VALENTINIANVS-PF-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG-G-G, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
exergo: -/-//B-SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 388-392 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-39a-2, p-155,
Valentinian I, Gloria Romanorum41 viewsObv: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valentinian advancing right, dragging a captive and holding a labarum affixed with the Chi-Rho Christogram; M in left field; six-pointed star above F in right field; BSISC in exergue.

AE 3, Siscia mint, 364 - 367 AD

2.3 grams, 18 mm

RIC IX Siscia 5a
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Valeriano I, sesterzio, 253-254 d.C., Roma (R/ VIRTVS AVGG) 41 viewsValerianus I, sestertius, zecca di Roma (253-254 d.C.)
AE, 11.561 gr, massimo diametro 26.7 mm, 180°, BB (VF)
D/ IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, busto laureato e corazzato a dx
R/ VIRTVS AVGG S C, Virtus in abito militare stante a sx, asta nella sx, appoggiato sullo scudo a dx.
RIC V 183
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (28 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 94); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
1 commentspaolo
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2541 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
vespa dup2.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AE dupondius - struck 74 AD41 viewsobv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM TR COS V CENS (radiate head left)
rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA / S.C. (Felicitas standing left holding caduceus & cornucopiae)
ref: RIC II 555, C.152 (2frcs), BMC698
mint: Rome
11.42gms, 26mm
1 commentsberserker
Vespasian 1.jpg
09 Vespasian41 viewsDenarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right / SALVS AVG, Salus seated left holding patera. RIC 67, RSC431. Weight 3.34 g. Die Axis 6 hr.
2 commentsmix_val
Vespasian RIC II 134041 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Uncertain Spanish Mint. 69-70 A.D. (3.39g, 18.9mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS [AVG], laureate head left. Rev: VICTORIA IMP VESPASIANI, Victory standing left on globe, with wreath and palm. RIC II 1340 (R), BMC 362, RSC 630.

In the original RIC and BMCRE, this series was assigned to Tarraco, but the coins have distinctive characteristics that separate them from that issue. In the revised RIC, they are assigned to an uncertain Spanish mint. This attribution is “fluid” however pending further research and potential die link studies.
6 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 155841 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.94 g., 15.5m, 6h). Obv: [IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: Palm tree, to left, Vespasian standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, to right, Judaea standing right. RIC II 1558. Ex CNG.

A Judaea Capta type from the Syrian mint of Antioch, this type shows the typical high relief portrait of that mint. The palm represents the Roman province of Judaea, and this coin commemorates the Flavian’s greatest victory, that over Judaea in 70 A.D., a theme that pervaded the reigns of Vespasian and Titus.
3 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 112441 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas H
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS - Constantine I41 viewsAE Follis, London, 310 - 312
4.74gm, 21mm
O: Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear over right shoulder, shield on left arm.
Rx: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Prince standing facing, head left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left reversed spear.

RIC VI.228 (R), ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
Italy. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M41 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II D'ITALIA, head left / 10 CENTISMI 1866 M, all within wreath.

KM 11.1
36,000,000 minted
Victorinus41 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
RV: Fides stg. holding two ensigns.
Ex: -
Julianus of Pannonia
Great Britain. Victoria. 1/2 Penny 1876 H41 viewsGreat Britain. Victoria. 1/2 Penny 1876 H. VICTORIA: D: G BRITT: REG: F: D, bust left / Britannia seated left

KM 754
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOT/IS/XX - Constantine I41 viewsAE3, London, 323 - 324
2.86gm, 19mm
O: Helmeted, cuirassed bust Right.
R: Globe on altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX in three lines; above, three stars.

RIC VII.268 (R3), ex. Mike Fox
Paul DiMarzio
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6941 viewsĆ as (9.5g, Ř28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Vitellius, RIC I-059 Lugdunum41 viewsAR Denarius
Lugdunum mint, 69 A.D.
18mm, 3.18g
RIC I-59, RSCv.2-90

Laureate head right

Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on throne, right holdind patera, left supporting torch.
1 commentsWill J
Vrbs Roma - Arles41 views(P or S)CONST - Chi-rho between stars
Ric IX Arles 400 R3 or R4
d=14mm p=0,80g
1 commentsantvwala
German Empire Wilhelm KM # 11 1894-A41 viewsGermany, Wilhelm II. German Eagle, double mintmark A at feet/ DEUTSCHES REICH 1894 5 PFENNIG
KM # 11
Mintage: 10,830,000
040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0141 views040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Caligula: 37 - 41AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 37 - 38AD
Obv. - bare head left; G. CAESAR.AUG.GERMANICUS.PON.M.TR.P
Rev. - Vesta seated left, holding patera and scepter; VESTA above; large S / C either side
11.72 grams
27.2 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Vespasian: 69 - 79AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Elagabalus from Panias41 viewsElagabalus --AE25, Caesaria Panias. R: Pan standing with three goats, all sharing a common head. cf. Meshorer, Ya'akov, Coins of Caesarea Panias, in Israel Numismatic Journal 8, 1984-85, page 57 no. 59 (Julia Soaemias). Thanks to David Hendin and Pat Lawrence for assistance on attribution!featherz
Xian Feng Yuan Bao40 viewsEmperor Xiang Feng, Qing Dynasty. Issued during the war. Huge coin and high value, 1000 cents. Scare. 1851~1861 ADsamwyi
Republic, Quartuncia40 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Carinus40 viewsCarinus Antoninians
23 mm 3.95 gm
Laureate bust right
Aeternitas stg l, hldg Phoenix on globe
John Campbell
Traianus denarius40 viewsTrajan, 98 - 117 AD. Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. RV:SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, dacian captive seated right on pile of arms.
C.118, RIC 96, BMC 385.
1 commentsNico
MACRINUS40 viewsAE 27. Nikopolis. 217-218 AD. 12,38 grs. Statius Longinus, legate. Laureate head right. AVT K M OΠEΛΛI CEV MAKPEINOC AVΓ. /
Nemesis standing left, holding scales and measuring rod, wheel at feet left. VΠ CTATI ΛONΓIOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ.
Moushmov 1265 (variant). Hristova/Jekov No. (same dies)).
01. Athens Tetradrachm.40 viewsTetradrachm, 449 - 413 BC.
Obverse: "Archaic style" head of Athena, wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll.
Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl, olive twig, and crescent moon.
17.15 gm., 24 mm.
S. #2526.
2 commentsCallimachus
Maroneia, Thrace40 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
Julia Domna, Denarius - 006540 viewsRome mint, AD 204
IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust of Domna right
PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar
3.12 gr

Potator II
Macrinus, Bronze40 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, Commemorative AR Denarius, RIC 43840 viewsAD138 – 161 a posthumous issue
Rome Mint 161-180 AD (under Marcus Aurelius)
2.65 grams
Obv.: DIVVS ANTONINVS Bare head right
Rev.: CONSECRATIO Funeral pyre of four tiers, surmounted by quadriga.
Richard M10
Titus RIC-124a40 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2), BMC 61, RSC 313
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; as 122, but frame is triangular and is decorated with five or more palmettes or corn ears (sometimes combined)

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
Probus40 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate and cuirassed bust right, with spear and shield seen from inner side.
RV: Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.
RIC - - Bastien 235
Note: extremely rare bust-type
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Gordian III, Denarius 40 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm40 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #0140 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, B-P, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: B-P (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525b, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
Gallienus, Antoninianus40 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Gallienus, seen from front
VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus, standing right, holding spear and standard
3,93 gr
Ref : RCV #10413, Cohen #1309, Göbl # 8821
Potator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,40 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
Tacitus, Antoninianus40 viewsAntoninianus minted in Ticinium, AD 275-276
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate bust of Tacitus right
SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column, retrograde µ at exergue
4.03 gr
Ref : RCV #11812, Cohen #131, RIC V (1) 163
Thanks to Helvetica for RIC reference and help on exergue
1 commentsPotator II
053. Manuel I, 1143-1180. BI Trachy.40 viewsObv. Mary facing
Rev. Manuel standing.
Radiated head right

Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae

Antoninianus struck in Rom
24 mm - 3.79 g -- axis 170°

RIC. Cohen.5

very large flan , traces of incuse portrait on reverse
full silvering
1 commentsgb29400
Histiaia, Euboia40 views196 - 146 B.C.
Silver Tetrobol
2.42 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine
Rev.: Nymph seated upon a stern of galley, ornamented with wing, holding naval standard,
AΓ monogram and bipennis axe below.
IΣTI - AIEΩN left mirrored
BMC 8 p.130, 60;
Sear 2496-98 v.
2 commentsJaimelai
Trajan Decius (?), Antioch, Syria, Tyche seated in temple reverse, 15.66g, 28.8mm, 0o40 views1 commentsareich
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #240 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- No legend, Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear, S-C across the field.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,1g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-128, p-126, Scarce!,
1 commentsquadrans
Jovian AD 363-364 Sirmium (BSIRM)40 viewsObv: DNIOVIA-NVSPFAVG
1 commentsLaetvs
Carabela Santa Maria40 viewsModel of the Carabela Santa Maria,
self-made, took me a few years for the completion.
5 commentsJuancho
Demetrius Poliorketes 40 viewsDemetrius Poliorketes AE17. Monogram of Demetrius in center of a Macedonian shield / BA - SI to either side of a crested Macedonian helmet with cheek flaps. 4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constans40 viewsBetter photo

Constans AE 3
CONSTANS P F AVG, laureate & rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, O on banner. Mintmark: A SIS star
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Romulus and Remus40 views2 commentssimmurray
Constantius II40 viewsConstantius II 3 Struck 351-355 AD.

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right; ASIS in ex. Siscia 350


New photo
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I AV Tremissis40 viewsRIC X 611, Depeyrot 93/3 Constantinople (first reign)
15 mm, 1.46 g, 6h
D N LEO PE-RPET AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath in right hand and globe in left hand; star in right
CONOB in exergue
Mark Z
Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople40 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
Anonymous AE Semis40 viewsAnonymous AE Semis. Circa 211 BC. Laureate Bust of Saturn right, S behind / Prow right, S above. Cr56/3; Syd143. 8.79g, 23mm.
Very Good.

Ex Roma Numismatics
124- Vespasian Dup. RIC 478.JPG
Vespasian Dup. RIC 47840 viewsAE Dupondius , 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right.
Rev: SC, Victory flying to left holding shield inscribed SPQR.
28 mm , 9.6 gm.
RIC 478-1, Cohen 464.
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Æ Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD.40 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Ć Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopiae. RIC IV 168a; Cohen 26. VF, green patina under dusty overtones, minor encrustation on jowl.1 commentssseverus
125- Constantius Hoc Signo.JPG
Constantius Hoc Signo40 viewsAE2 , Siscia mint
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, Diademmed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind star before.
Rev: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor standing holding labarum and scepter, being crowned from behind by Victory. A in left field.
.(gamma) SIS. in exergue. RIC 286
22mm, 4.3gm.
1503a, Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.40 viewsGratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D. Bronze AE 3, F, 2.352g, 19.13mm, 0o. Obverse: emperor's diadmed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor draging captive, * in left field.

Gratian, son of Valentinian I, became the sole ruler of the Western empire in 375 A.D., and after the catastrophic defeat of the Roman forces at Hadrianopolis the Eastern empire also came under his rule. To better cope with the empire, he elevated general Theodosius to the Eastern throne. Because of a shortage of coinage to meet the payroll, Gratian was abandoned by his troops during the revolt of Magnus Maximus. He was overtaken and killed while fleeing to the Alps.
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)40 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
15088LG.jpg blk.jpg
IONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD. Æ 15mm.40 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD.
Ć 15mm (2.76 gm).
Obv: The River-God Meles reclining left, holding reed
Rev: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
SNG Copenhagen 1301; Klose pg. 178, Gruppe B (V2/R-).
2 commentsJericho
Constantius II AD 337-361 Sirmium (SIRM) 40 viewsObv: DNCONSTAN-TIVSPFAVG
Rev: Victory with Two Wreaths,
2 commentsLaetvs
Palm-branch (?)40 viewsCILICIA. Aegeae. Severus Alexander. Ć 38. A.D. 228/229 (year 275). Obv: AVTKMAVPCEVAΛEΞAN(ΔPOC)CEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: (AΔPIAΛ)EΞANΔPOVΠO(...AIΓEAIWN), E in field to left, OC in field to right. Bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corintian helmet; Countermark on head. Ref: BMC 36. Axis:195°. Weight: 22.49 g. CM: Palm-branch (?) in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm.Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS Legio IIII Flavia Felix40 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 193-211 AD. AR Denarius - 17mm (3.03 g). Struck 193 AD. Laureate head right / LEG IIII FL, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards. RIC IV 8; BMCRE pg. 616, 10a; RSC 264. VF, obverse a little rough.
40 views171. Silver denarius, 18mm, 3.60g, Rome 13 - 18 September 96 A.D.; IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XVI laureate head right
IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva 4; RIC -, RSC -; Ex. DooCollect

Struck in the final week of Domitian's reign. Since he became emperor on 13 September 81 A.D., at the same date he received his first tribunician office which was renewed yearly. He reached TR P XV on 13 September 96, but five days later he was murdered. Of course, not many coins could have been struck in such a short period and much less survived to our time. The M4 type was not discovered in time for inclusion in Ian Carradice's thesis in late 70's and the coin here appears to be unique.
GORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus.40 viewsGORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.78 g). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Mars walking right, holding spear and shield. RIC IV 147; RSC 160. EF
1 commentssseverus
Male head right (laureate)40 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Ć 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Julius Caesar denarius40 viewsDate: 44 BC
Mint: Galia
Obverse: Elephant trampling a snake and CAESAR
Reverse: Pontificisl Emblems

Ex Elaine Fantham collection, pic made by CNG.
1 commentsXulodue
Byzantine Lead Seal, 7th-9th Century40 viewsObv: Cruciform Invocative Monogram Atop Large Wreath
Rev: Five-Line Inscription
25 x 20 mm
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland40 viewsObverse: NUNQUAM ARESCERE. River God reclining facing right, right arm resting on an urn, inscribed CLYDE, from which water flows, left hand holding oar inscribed with St Andrew's cross; in exergue, MDCCXCI (1791).
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: PAYABLE IN LONDON, the rest engrailed.
Dalton & Hamer: 9

This is one of a series of mule halfpennies by Lutwyche. In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.

The inscription NUNQUAM ARESCERE (Never dries) is taken from a passage in Ovid's Metamorphoses, "Naidas his venam, quae nunquam arescere posset, supposuisse ferunt" (They tell us that the Naiads converted them into a stream which never dries).

18th Century Tokens
18th century tokens first appeared in 1787 and were struck in large numbers over the next ten years. They began as payment for workers in the manufacturing and mining industries of the early Industrial Revolution but proved so popular that pieces for general circulation were soon issued. The production of these tokens ended when, in 1797, George III empowered Matthew Boulton, one of the major token manufacturers, to strike official copper coins on behalf of the government at his Soho mint in Birmingham.

German States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797.40 viewsGerman States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797. FRIDERICHVS WILHELM.BORUSS REX 1797, bust right / GROSSUS BORUS MERIDIUNA, crowned arms flanked by branches.

KM 2.1
Trajan AR Denarius40 viewsTrajan ar denarius AD 103-111
3.54g Rome mint
Laur. head right
Genius stg. L. with patera & cornucopiae, altar before
dotted border
RIC 184, RSC 394.

3 commentssean c2
20- Maximinus RIC 16.JPG
Maximinus RIC 1640 viewsAR Denarius, 235-238 AD , Rome Mint.
Obv- IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Bust style-1
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory Right with wreath and palm.
RIC 16
1 commentsjdholds
Julia Domna, Antioch40 viewsAntioch, Pisidia

draped bust right

Fortuna standing right holding branch and cornucopia

Krzyzanowska, Domna Group A, pp. 147-9, pl. X; SNG von Aulock 4930
wildwinds example (this coin)
Ae 22mm; 4.87g
5 commentsRobin Ayers
212- Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius.JPG
Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius40 viewsAE Sestertius, 184-185 AD
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT. Laureate head right.
Reverse: P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P S-C, Victory seated right on pile of arms, inscribing sheild on her knee. VICT BRIT in exergue.
Cohen 946; RIC 452; BMC 560
28mm , 20.7 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Constantius II 40 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. TRP (crescent) in ex. RIC 359? var. or 358


The mint mark is missing but the style matches Trier
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Follis Licinius I40 viewsFollis de Licinius, Héraclée, 313/314 – RIC.6 (R3).
Avers: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG buste lauré ŕ droite.
Revers: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter nu debout ŕ gauche tenant une victoire sur un globe et un sceptre long ; ŕ ses pieds ŕ gauche un aigle tient une couronne dans son bec, B dans le champ, SMHT ŕ l’exergue.
1 commentsRoger D2
PHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-10240 viewsPHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-102
O:bust r, radiate draped
R:eagle displayed supporting a wreath containing 3 figures in centre ,city-goddest standing l hand on standard .
Demeter standing r hand resting on sceptre ortorch on r agod nude standing r.
306-augustus as-ctmk01.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P. Lurius Agrippa moneyer (7 BC)40 viewsobv: [CAESAR] AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (with AVG countermark)
ref: RIC I 426
9.18gms, 26mm
ADRIANO, Side Panfilia, AE19, 117-138 d.C.40 viewsBronzo AE 19, zecca di Side, 117-138 d.C., Adriano
3.692 gr, 19.0 mm, 0°, B+
D/ KAICAP ADPIANOC, testa laureata a dx
R/ CIDHTWN, Atena che avanza a sx tenendo melograno e scudo, serpente a sinistra ai piedi.
SNG France 798, Lindgren 1160
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (25 febbraio 2008, numero catalogo 81); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
Constantius II40 viewsO: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Emperor facing r., rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, , Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing fallen horsemen; shield on ground at r. Horseman wears pointed cap, turns to face soldier and extends l. arm.
Ex. Gamma SIS zigzag
18mm 2.46g RIC VIII Siscia 362 355-361 A.D.
1673 Maundy Threepence40 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
.16 73.

1 commentsrexesq
Swedish Livonia. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1647.40 viewsSwedish Livonia. Riga. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1647. CHRISTINA D:G: RE.S.E. , Crowned C with Vasa arms inside / SOLIDVS CIVI RIG 47. Arms in cartouche, date in legend.

KM 21
1 commentsoneill6217
big 4 zhu ban liang stone mould40 viewsreign of WenDi (180-157BC)
casting time (175-157 BC) because of no rims
1 commentsleseullunique
Interregnum, Macedonia40 viewsBronze coin
Macedonian shield with gorgoneion.
3.94 gram
16.9 mm
AMNG 174, 7
1 commentscwonsidler
Constans40 viewsConstans AE Centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot BSIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 254, rated C2 (lol). 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
5 Fen ban liang stone mould40 viewsdouble side mould

casting time: around 182 BC

reign of Lu Zhi Hou (188-180 BC)
Nero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint40 viewsNero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint
Obv:bust r. in front star
Rev:Human to r,foot on prow holding in l sceptre.
Caria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C., Silver tetartemorion40 viewsCaria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Silver tetartemorion, uncertain mint
0.231g, 6.4mm, 90°
Obv.: forepart of roaring lion left
Rev.: bird standing right within incuse square, pellet lower left and upper right
SNG Turkey I 940

Nikomedes II40 viewsNikomedes II Tetradrachm
35 mm 15.65 gm
Diademed head right
Zeus standing left, wreath in right, scepter in left, in inner left field eagle on thunderbolt over monogram and NP
4 commentsKoffy
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #140 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #1
avers:- Bust of Minerva right, wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, behind, DOS.
revers:- Triumphal quadriga with side-panel decorated with thunderbolt right, above, Victory with outspread wings in biga, in exergue, L.RVBRI.
exerg: -/-//L.RVBRI, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford-348-3, Syd-707, Rubria 3,
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I40 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
Achaemenid Empire Silver Siglos40 viewsAchaemenid Empire Silver Siglos
Silver Siglos 5.6 gram
Obverse: Kneeling King as archer Right CMK
Reverse: Incuse punch CMK’s on edge _7500

Antonivs Protti
AE-Bug, #12,40 viewsAE-Bug, #12,
size: 11-13,5mm,
weight: 1,95g,
Aizanoi pseudo-autonomous AE2440 viewsAizanoi, Phrygia, pseudo-autonomous AE24, 3. Century AD.
Obv: IEPA BOVΛH, laureate and draped bust of Boulé right.
Rev: AIZANЄΩN, turreted Cybele seated right, holding patera and tympanon; lion at her feet.
24 mm, 5.11 g
SNG Aul. 3339
Egypt, Alexandria, Antoninus Pius, Dattari 2368 cf.40 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE - Billon-tetradrachm, 23mm, 13.9g
AD 143/144 (year 7)
Head, laureate, r.
rev. Bearded Serapis, in himation and wearing kalathos, std. l. on throne, holding
sceptre in l. hand and holding r. hand over Kerberos, std. l. at his feet; on the
back of the throne a small Nike advancing r., holding wreath in raised hand.
in the field L - Z (year 7)
Köln 1443; Dattari cf.2368 (position of date); SNG Copenhagen cf.448f. (without Nike)
about VF
Troas, Alexandreia, Severus Alexander, Bellinger A33140 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AE 25, 8g
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. COL - ALE - AV / TRO
Perspective view of the distyle temple of Apollo Smintheus with front-side r., The long-side shows a brickwork, the roof is covered with square plates, clipeus in pediment. Within statue of the god r., holding bow and arrow, quiver on back, tripod at feet.
Bellinger A331 (type 13); SNG Copenhagen 164; BMC 118f.
rare, F+

The temple of Apollo Smintheus was situated south of ancient Alexandria Troas. Today fundaments, fragments of the column-rows and large parts of the temple ornamentic are preserved. So the splendid design of this hellenistic temple could be suspected even today!
336-323 BC - Alexander (III) The Great - Club, Bow and Case Reverse40 viewsKing: Alexander (III) The Great (r. 336-323 BC)
Date: 336 - about 300 BC?
Condition: Fair
Size: AE17

Obverse: Head of Herakles right

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY between club above and bow and case below.

Unknown mint
3.70g; 17.8mm; 30°
Alexius 1 Comnenus40 viewsHard pressed by Turkish invaders, Alexius 1 asked the Pope for help. The result was the First Crusade which succeeded in capturing the Holy Land. If not for the Crusade, Constantinople might have fallen and Europe would be in danger. goldcoin
40 viewsRugser
Alexander III of Macedon AR Tetradrachm ca 310 BC40 viewsOBV: Head of Herakles with lionskin headdress
REV: Zeus Ateophotos seated left holding eagle and scepter, ALEXANDROY vertical to right of scepter. Obscure date or mintmark under eagle.

The style of the coin strongly suggests the Ake mint (possibly Price 3301 or similar) with bellcovers on the throne legs and the slanted footstool on which Zeus rests his feet. The posture and arrangement of his robes also was typical of Ake tetradrachmae in the decade following Alexander's death in 323 BC. The weight of Ake tetradrachms is almost uniformly 17.1 gm ( Newell: The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake) corresponding exactly to this coin.

Bought at the Baltimore coin show 2010

Diam 26 mm, wt 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Anastasius I 491-518 AC.40 viewsAE Follis of Anastasius I 491-518 AC.

Weight: 15.6gr
Ř:35 mm

Obv: ANASTASIVS PP AVG - Anastasius right

Rev: M in center, Cross above, star to either side of M.

Minted in Constantinople between 512-518AC.

Condition: gF/gF

Ref: Sear 16 - Berk 5

Jorge C
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !40 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !
avers:- .
revers:- .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica40 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
bust of Roma left in plumed helmet, imperial cloak & ornamental mantle
Rev: wolf & twins left, 2 stars above
SMALDin ex.
17mm 2.6gm
Denarius Anonym "Gens"240 viewsMint:Roma
211/206 BC
moneta romana
Antiochos VIII tetradrachm40 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 15.86 g, 12h). Ake-Ptolemais mint. Struck circa 121/0-113 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Ouranios standing left; monogram to outer left; all within wreath. SC 2336.2a; HGC 9, 1197h2 commentsareich
Antiochus II40 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Newell ESM 189, SNG Spaer 390, Houghton 963, VF/F, Seleucia on Tigris mint, 16.55g, 29.5mm, 90o, c. 255-246 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochus I right; reverse , Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow with right, resting left hand on grounded bow, monogram outer left, monogram outer rightJay G
Antioch S & P Syria Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin40 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD Antioch Mint S &P Syria
Bronze 23 mm 5.3 gram coin
Obverse: Bust right. Reverse: AE within wreath _2000

Antonivs Protti
Antonia/Claudius mule40 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Bare head of Antonia right

Ceres enthroned left holding corn ears and torch

Provincial mint? 41-2 AD

Die axis 180

Obverse Sear 1902 or 1903, RIC 92 or 104
Reverse Sear 1855 or 1856, RIC 94 or RIC 110


An interesting and rare dupondius. The obverse from Claudius in honor of his mother Antonia, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. The reverse is from a dupondius of Claudius. Both dies were in use at the same time giving rise to speculation, was this an "official" mistake from the mint or is this an ancient counterfeit? Style suggests a Provincial mint.

Encrustations and some bronze disease on the obverse is being treated.
1 commentsJay GT4
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII ANTIQVAE40 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right mast with banners at prow

Legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31 BC

SEAR 1480

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Jay GT4
Antoninus Pius, RIC 770, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (Felititas)40 viewsĆ sestertius (29.70, 32mm, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII laureate head right
FELICITAS · AVG · (around) S C (in field), Felicitas standing facing, head left, holding capricorn (or hippocamp) right; winged caduceus left.
RIC 770; BMC 1677; Cohen 363; Strack 989
ex Triton XI
Charles S
Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm40 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm40 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Phrygia, Apameia, pseudo-autonomous, BMC 9040 viewsAE 19, 3.29g
struck c. 3rd century AD
obv. DH - MOC
Bust of Demos, bearded, draped, laureate(?), r.
rev. APA - MEW - N (starting right above)
Marsyas, nude, nebris flowing behind him, advancing r., playing double
BMC 90; SNG Copenhagen 200

Marsyas playing the auloi, the typical double-flute. Actually the auloi was not a simple flute but a tongued instrument so more like an oboe. Both parts often were tuned in the distance of an octave but that could be changed. Here you can clearly see the grip holes.
2 commentsJochen
ARMENIA Houtoum II Kardez.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II40 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II - 1289 - 1293. AE Kardez. 21 mm. 3.3 gm.
Obverse: Bust of crowned king. Reverse: Ornate patriarchal cross with branches below. Bedoukian 1608.
AS Gordiano III RIC 306b.jpg
69-35 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)40 viewsAE AS 23 x 24 mm 10.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[P M TR] P IIII COS II P P - S C" - Emperador con vestido militar de pié a derecha, portando una lanza transversal con mano derecha y globo en mano de brazo izquierdo extendido.

Acuńada 9na. Emisión de 241 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #306b Pag.49 - Sear RCTV (1988) #2499 var - Cohen Vol.V #255 Pag.46 - DVM #120 var Pag.226
Turkey, Pergamum - Asclepion40 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
40 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Augustus AE18 of Philippi, Macedonia40 viewsAugustus AE18
43 BC - 14 AD
Philippi, Macedonia
Victory on column right, holding wreath and palm
Cohortis Praetor of Philippi; Three standards
Moushmov 6919, SGI 32
Augustus 4.jpg
Augustus As40 viewsAE As - Posthmous issues by Tiberius.
Obv: DIVVS AVGUSTVS PATER; rad. hd. of Augustus left.
Rev: S C ; eagle on globe
Cohen 247
1 commentsTanit
augustus berytos AE22.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE22 of Berytus 40 viewsobv: IMP.CAES AVGVSTVS (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: COL.IVL (founder plowing with two oxen, left)
ref: BMC 52, RPC 4540,
mint: Berytus
8.45gms, 22mm

Colony Berytus (modern Beirut) in Phoenicia. Augustus sent to it part of the veterans takens from two legions (V Macedonica and VIII Augusta) as a reinforcement to the first military settlers of Julius Caesar.

Rev. SC winged thunderbolt

Copper as.
Issued under Tiberius in honour of Augustus
Titus Pullo
Denarius from Civil war 67-68 AD from the Caesar Avgvstvs type.40 viewsDenarius minted during the very early stages of the Civil war of 67-68. Certainly Spain. Very early Galba or local support of Vindex before Galba's formal challenge to Nero (or local challenge to Nero without ref. to Vindex).
3.61 grs.
Difficult coins with a few hybrids. Legends - by definition - unofficial.
Observe : CAESAR AVGVSTVS. Laureate head of Avgvstvs right.
Reverse : Victory walking left and holding a shield (CLV within). SENAT (S) P Q (R). Remaining on the right unreadable.
Seems to belong to the A 25 type according to Peter Hugo Martin (but the A25 strictly has a AVGVSTVS DIVI F observe legend).

1 commentslabienus
Gaul, Aulerci Eburovices electrum Hemistater (60-50 BC)40 viewso/ Stylized human head left, hair represented by three parallel lines; behind, a serie of dots and a little cross; below, a jewel; beaded cord around the cheek and a small boar upside down at the base of the neck
r/ Stylized horse leaping left, with the remains of the auriga above the horse, a boar left between the legs, a sort of Y before the horse's chest.
Titulature avers : Anépigraphe.
Description avers : Tęte humaine stylisée ŕ gauche, les cheveux figurés par trois lignes parallčles ; derričre, séries de globules et une croisette ; au-dessous, un fleuron ; cordon perlé entourant la joue ; un petit sanglier ŕ l’envers ŕ la base du cou.
Titulature revers : Anépigraphe.
Description revers : Cheval stylisé bondissant ŕ gauche, avec les restes de l'aurige au-dessus du cheval ; un sanglier ŕ chauche entre les jambes ; une sorte de Y devant le poitrail du cheval.
Extremely rare (horse left).
Evreux area, Eure (Northwest France)
19mm. 2.79g
DT 2406
Ex Numisnormandie (Emmanuel Lecoeur)
3 commentsAugustin Caron
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,40 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
AUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I40 viewsAUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I (1848-1916) AR 1 Corona, 1908. Commemorative of 60th year of reign. KM#2808.dpaul7
Bactria Dracma Menander.jpg
Reino Greco-Bactriano – Menandro (160 - 145 A.C.)40 viewsAR Dracma 17 x 15 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: :"BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHρOΣ MENANΔρOY" - Busto coronado con diadema del Rey, vestido con manto viendo a derecha.
Rev: : Athena Alkidemos (Atenea) blandiendo rayo y portando un escudo en el que se observa perfectamente la cabeza de la Gorgona. Monograma a la derecha del campo y leyendas Maharajasa tratasa Menandrasa escritas en jaroshti, que indican lo mismo del anverso. Monograma en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada: 160 – 145 A.C.
Ceca: Bactria o Bactriana (norte de los actuales Afganistán, Pakistán e India).

Referencias: RS #261 – Sear GCTV Vol.2 #7600 Pag.716 - HD #4110 – Mitchiner #215t – B.M.C. (India) #15 Pag.45 – SNGFab #474 - SNG Vol.VII #1404 var. - SNG Cop.#290
1 commentsmdelvalle
Barbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #340 viewsBarbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #3
avers:- II...III, Bare headed and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- I..I, Geometrical, figures,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 1,64g, axes: 9h,
mint: Sarmata ???, date: , ref: ,
distribution: ,
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,40 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
AUGUSTUS40 viewsAR cistophoric tetradrachm. (12.07 gm). Ephesus mint, 25-20 BC. Bare head right. IMP CAESAR / Capricorn right, head left, holding cornucopiae ,AVGUSTVS below ; all within laurel wreath. RIC I 480; Sutherland Group VI, 241a (O35/R45-same reverse die); RSC 16. Toned.
Ex. Glenn.W.Woods. Triton VII, Lot: 847. Sternberg XI (20-21 November 1981), lot 566.
Bermuda40 viewsKm15 - 1 Cent - 1971
Km45 - 5 Cents - 1987
Km46 - 10 Cents - 1986
Km18 - 25 Cents - 1973
Daniel F
Phoenicia, Berytos, Elagabal, SNG Copenhagen 11840 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 12.47g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Poseidon, in himation, advancing r., head l., holding his trident in l. arm, raising
the nymph Beroe, kneeling l. before him, looking up to him; the nymph, in
transparent chiton, scooping water with a jar, the l. hand raised in defense.
SNG Copenhagen 118; BMC 183; Lindgren II, 120, 2268
Very rare, about EF, chocolate-brown patina

The group of statues from the rev. decorates the pedimentum of the main temple of the city of Berytos, todays Beirut in Liban. For the love of Beroe have struggled Poseidon and Dionysos until Zeus ended the battle and gave Beroe to Poseidon who gave the city the honor to win each naval battle.
For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
1 commentsJochen
D5. Parium Mysia, Silver Hemidrachm40 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Gorgoneion with protruding tongue.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Incuse square containing cruciform pattern with pellet at center.
2.8 gm, 11 mm
Comment: I judged this little coin to be a modern forgery after reading Richard Goldborough's article on the type in the June 2004 edition of The Celator (pg 21). The tell is the very low obverse relief with the borderless Gorgon blending into the edge of the coin. Add to that the apparent application of artificial toning and you have a modern day fake. I suspect there are a lot of these catalogued as legitimate in Greek coin collections.
B7. Heraclea RIC VII,16 C140 viewsAe3 3 gm 19 mm Struck: 317 Mark: MHTB
Laureate and draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand; mappa in right hand.
Six tiered campgate surmounted by three beacons (no star).
Comment: Retains significant silver. Added to the series after Licinius' defeat in their first civil war. Initially only issued by Licinius. (See album of same).
E2. Siscia RIC VII 61, R1.40 viewsArgenteus, 3.1 gm, 20 mm, Struck: 319-320, Mark: BSIS•
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left, holding spear over left shoulder and shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT/PR, on altar.
M6. Macedonia (Alexander III)40 viewsAe20, 3.4 gm, 18.2 mm, 323-320 BC, Sear (GC) 6739
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of young Heracles right, capped in lion's skin.
Club above legend, bow in case below.
N1. Licinius, Siscia RIC 160, S, 320-21 AD40 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate head, right.
Laurel wreath around VOT/XX
3.9 gm 19 mm Ae3 Exergue: BSIS*
E3. Gordian III (238-244)40 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, left.
Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting left arm on lyre.
Antoninianus, 5.1 gm, 22.6 mm, Rome RIC 88
History: Inheritor of a vast family fortune following the failed revolt of Gordians I and II, he was appointed Caesar under the subsequent, but short lived co-rule of the Emperors Pupienus and Balbinus. Aged thirteen, the first three years of rule came under the close guidance of the Senate, but in 341 he appointed Timesitheus to command the Praetorian Guard and help guide him through the growing chaos created by barbaric incursions. During the greatly successful campaign against the Sasanian king Shapur I, his mentor unexpectedly died and was replaced by Philip. Prosecution of the war immediately went sour culminating in the death of the Emperor probably by the instigation of the one most benefitted by it.
7. Constantius I as Caesar40 viewsFollis 9.3 gm 27.3 mm
Laureate head, left.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted 297/99 at Cyzicus. mm: KB RIC VI, 11a
Alexander III40 viewsAlexander the great
AE17 336-323 BC
Obverse:Head of Alexander the Great as Herakles wearing lion's skin
Reverse:Club and quiver between ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ;A below

16.52mm 6.04gm

Price 332
Caracalla - Felicitas40 viewsDenarius 197
O/ M AUR ANTON - CAES PONTIF Boy's bare-headed bust draped right
R/ IMP-ERII - FELICITAS Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus downwards and child at breast on arm
C 95 - RIC 9
Mint: Rome (9th off., 15th emission)
Bare head of Caligula left.
Vesta seated on ornate chair left,
holding patera and scepter.

BM-46, Paris-54, C-27, RIC-38.
A.D. 37-38
10.61gm 29 mm
3 commentsgoldenancients
Caracalla AE26 Tetrassarion, Odessos, Thrace.40 viewsAVT K M AVP CEOVH-POC AHTOHEIHOC, laureate head right,

ΟΔΗCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Great god of Odessos standing left, wearing kalathos, holding patera over flaming altar and cornucopia.

AMNG Vol II, , No. 2284, Pg 565.

Varbanov I 4373

Odessos is the Greek name for this city known today as Varna, a port on the Black Sea coastline of Bulgaria. It was founded as a trading centre by Miletians as early as the 7th century BC.
2 commentsGaiusCaligula
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius, RIC 184, Pax40 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Pax running left holding branch & scepter

Minted at Rome, 211 AD
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 40 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Ć 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 40 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'40 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
Caracalla Prov40 viewsFrom Isegrim per archivum (

PZ : Between 198 and 217
Technical details
M : AE
GEW: 13.39(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: SNG AUL 590(1) / WEISER SLG KOELN S345,17(1)
Additional remarks

Thanks to achivum/slokind/Jochen/Curtis Clay for attribution help!
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.40 viewsAdditional views of the coin posted here

AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei
SPAIN. Castulo.40 viewsAE unit ( AS ). Early 1st.century BC. 12,90 grs. Male head left. L. QVL. F. before. Q. ISC. F behind / Europa seated sideways on bull running right. She extends both her hands, her mantle floating in the wind like a double halo. M. C. F. below.
SNG BM Spain 1394. Villaronga ,CNH 70
2 commentsbenito
40 viewsareich
Centenional Constantino I RIC VII Ticinum 82.jpg
A121-50 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)40 viewsAE3 Centenional 17 x 15 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG" - Busto militar con yelmo laureado y coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP" - Dos Victorias de pié enfrentadas, sosteniendo un escudo en el que se inscribe "VOT PR" en dos líneas, sobre un altar. "P T" en exergo.

Acuńada 318/9 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Ticinum) #82 Pag.372 - Cohen Vol.VII #640? Pag.305 - DVM #90 var Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8259.k. Pag.166 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3883
Centenional Graciano RIC IX Thessalonica 26c, type xv.jpg
A140-20 - Graciano (367 - 383 D.C.)40 viewsAE3 Centenional 18 x 17 mm 1.7 gr.
Hijo mayor y Co-Augusto de Valentiniano I

Anv: "DN GRATIANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLORIA RO-MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente avanzando a derecha, arrastrando por los pelos a un prisionero con el brazo derecho y portando un Labarum (Estandarte), con el signo Chi-Ro en su bandera, en su mano izquierda. "TES" en exergo y " * / B " en campo derecho.

Acuńada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Thessalonica) #26c Pag.178 tipo xv - Cohen Vol.VIII #23 Pag.129 - DVM #43 Pag.310 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9124.g. Pag.278 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4142
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type40 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Charles I H-C Img.jpg
A.D. 1625-1649 - Charles 1st - Tower Mint - Half Crown40 viewsObv:- CAROLVS : D. G. : MAG : BRI : FRA : ET : HIB : REX , Charles riding horse left, with upright sword, cloak flies from king's shoulder
Rev:- CHRISTO . AVSPICE . REGNO, Round garnished shield
Minted in London (Tower Mint), mintmark R in brackets both sides, A.D. 1644-1645
Reference:- S. 2778
Crusader - Charles II of Anjou, Frankish Greece - Achaea, AR denier, 1285-1289 AD40 viewsCharles II of Anjou
Frankish Greece: Achaea
AR denier – 18mm
Clarentia mint, 1285-1289 AD
cross patée
castle tornouis surmounted by cross
Malloy 12
Chile40 viewsKm176.1 - 1 Peso - 1933 - (1933)
Km207 - 1 Peso - 1975 - (1975)
Km208a - 1 Peso - 1978 - (1978-1979)
Km216.2 - 1 Peso - 1992 - (1988-1992)
Km231 - 1 Peso - 1996 - (1992-2006)
Km217.2 - 5 Pesos - 1989 - (1988-1990)
Km232 - 5 Pesos - 1995 - (1992-1995)
Daniel F
JEN TSUNG (1796-1820)40 viewsReign title: CHAI-CH'ING, AD 1796-1820Daniel F
Cilicia-Seleukeia AE24.JPG
Cilicia, Seleukeia, AE2440 viewsCilicia, Seleukeia, AE24
1st century BC - 1st century AD
Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of Athena right.
Reverse: SELEUKEWN TWN PROS TWI KALUKADNWI, Nike advancing left with wreath and palm. Monogram left.
SNG PFPS 1010 (Same obverse die)
24mm, 7.68gm
Jerome Holderman
claudius II aequitas comn.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 197 40 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.6 grams 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG.. Radiated and drapped bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
H in exergue
RIC V (1) 197 Antioch
from uncleaned lot 10/07
1 commentsJohnny
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC 151.jpg
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC V/1 15140 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing L with rudder and cornucopia.

Exe: S.


RIC V/1 151, Common.

Some silvering.
Claudius Quadran.jpg
Claudius - Modius Quadran40 viewsQuadran, 2.34 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 42-43 AD

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG around a 3-legged modius

Reverse: PON M TR P IMP P P COS II around S.C

Rome mint

RIC I 90
Claudius, RIC 93, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 41-4240 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.8g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-42.
Obv.: NERO·CLAVDIVS·DRVSVS·GERMANICVS·IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·TR·P·IMP [/] S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding a branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 93 (C); Cohen 8; BMC 157; Sear (RCV 2K) 1896
Charles S
CLAVDIVS Minerva.jpg
Claudius Minverva40 viewsT CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

Rev. Minerva advancing with spear and shield SC

Rome 42 AD


Sear 1862

Titus Pullo
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm.40 viewsKingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right / BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros seated left.2 commentsancientone
Constantius II40 viewsSMTS Thessalonica 189randy h2
012. Domitian 81-96 AD40 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
501. Constantine I Trier SARMATIA DEVICTA40 viewsCONSTAN - TINVS AVG
laureated head right

Victoria holding trophy and palm advancing right, captive at her feet

STR crescent

reduced follis struck 323 / 324 in Trier ( Treveri )

C.487 - RIC.435

4 commentsecoli
Lyons, Wolf & Twins40 viewsVRBS ROMA

She wolf suckling Romulus and Remes, two stars above

dot in crescent PLG

RIC VII Lyons 257
1 commentsarizonarobin
commodus as-.jpg
166-177 AD - COMMODUS Caesar AE As - struck 175-176 AD40 viewsobv: COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM (draped bust right)
rev: SPES PVBLICA (Spes walking left holding flower & raising hem of skirt), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1544 (M.Aurelius), C.710
mint: Rome
8.92gms, 25mm

Commodus is known to have been at Carnuntum, Marcus Aurelius’s headquarters during the Marcomannic Wars, in 172. It was presumably there that, on 15 October 172, he was given the victory title Germanicus in the presence of the army. The title suggests that Commodus was present at his father’s victory over the Marcomanni. Even the title of Sarmaticus he was given in 175.
During the preparations for the campaign against Cassius in Syria, the prince assumed his toga virilis on the Danubian front on July 7, 175, thus formally entering adulthood.
Commodus dupondius40 viewsP M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P PTibsi
Marcus Aurelius AE Dupondius.40 viewsMarcus Aurelius AE Dupondius. 177-178 AD. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXII, radiate head right / IMP VIIII COS III P P S-C, Aequitas standing standing left holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 1232
sear5 #5034
Antonio Protti
Constantine I CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE RIC VI Rome 19640 viewsFollis, 25mm, 4.83g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head R.

Reverse: CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE, Roma in hexastyle temple, seated facing head L, holding spear and globe. Plain pediment, knobs as akroteria.

Exe R*Q

RIC VI 196, Rome, early autumn 307, Common.

Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia40 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25540 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
constans twin vic com.JPG
Constans twin Victories40 viewsAE 15 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: CONSTANS-PF AVG.Pearl diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN. Two victories standing facing inwards, holding wreaths above. Upright palm branch in center
EX :: SMT_B (Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 105var
RIC rated R
unlisted headware, in the collection of Jon Lafalce, appears to be an unlisted series ( from heletica spreatsheet)
Constans- Gloria Excercitus.jpg
Constans- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right


CONSTANS: Constans
AVG: Augustus, emperor

GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 14 mm.

Mint SMALΔ Egypt, Alexandria mint, after 340 A.D. Officina Δ delta, (fourth Officina). RIC VIII 20 of Alexandria / Late Roman Bronze Coinage # LRBC 1463
John Schou
Constans AE3 333-337 AD40 viewsOBV: FL CONSTANTIS BEAC; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: GLORI-AEXERC-ITUS; Two soldiers standing with inverted spears and leaning on shields, two military standards between.
in Exergue: dot ASIS dot
RIC VII 238 Siscia mint,

The coin is the only type using the genitive inflection in the legends FLavii CONSTANTIS BEAtissimus Caesaris or "of Flavius Constans, most blessed Caesar". This is common in Greek coins but otherwise unknown in Roman coins. All others are given in the nominative or occasionally the dative case eg. "divo constantino" (per Gert). Constans was only 10-13 years of age when the coin was issued.
Constans' father had established Christianity in Rome and his grandmother Helena was a Saint (or religious fanatic, if you prefer). Additionally Constantine had other older sons who might succeed him. Though it is only a guess I think that the young Constans expressed a desire to join the church rather than compete for imperial power and thus inspired this coin.

Rarity R4 wt 2.4 gms
1 commentsdaverino
Constantine I.jpg
Constantine I SALVIS40 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage stg. l. holding fruitsTanit
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative40 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.

Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine Death Commemorative40 viewsJust a common little coin with nice detail
RIC VIII Const 37
2 commentsGhengis_Jon
Constantine 140 viewsThe first Christian Emperor.goldcoin
Constantine I40 viewsAE 3 18.8x19.8mm
Bust left, spear over right shoulder,
ornate helmet
2 Victories facing altar; VOT PR on altar.
2 commentsgparch
Ticinium VOT XXX ST and QT40 viewsJames b4
Constantine II- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right


IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army


Two soldiers each holding spear and shield and flanking one standard with Chi-Rho

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm

Mint: PLG Prima Lugdunum (Prima= 1st Oficina). Minted before 340 AD. Ref. Lyons VIII Lyons 6. Rarity: Common (C).
John S
Constantine I AD330-AD346 40 viewsDie axis 180 degrees
Sear 3785 RIC 114
Ticinum mint
3 commentsPaul D3
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)40 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
2 commentslaney
constantinus I  Glor exer combined.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Heraclea 12640 viewsAE 17-18 mm 2.2g 330-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosetted diademed, Draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Glor-iaexerc-itvs . Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, two standards between them
EX :: SMHA ( Heraclea )
RIC VII Heraclea 126
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,40 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,
avers:-CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, D2, Helmeted cuirassed head right.
revers:-BEATA-TRANQ-VILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above tree stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR Crescent, diameter: 18,5-20 mm, weight: 2,99g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC VII 389, p-199, c2,
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #240 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #2
avers:- CONST-A-NTINVS-AVG, 1, Helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT,1, D2, S/F over HL monogram, Vexillum reading VOT/XX; seated captive on either side.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref:RIC-VII-120, p-439, 3rd.-off., R3!!!,
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,40 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,
avers:- CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 36a, p-316,
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,40 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-33a, p-665, C2,
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 12940 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.65g
Thessalonica 3. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
A in l. field
exergue: TS Gamma
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 129
Scarce, VF

This is the more rare type with the sitting horseman! In Helvetica's list the horseman wears a Phrygian bonnet.
Constantius II FT Constantinople40 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis, CONSTANTINOPLE, 324 - 361 AD, 5.08g, 23mm, Struck 351 - 355 AD
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Soldier right and looking left,
spears a fallen horseman with a pointed beard and reaching back towards soldier with arm. Mint mark: [Gamma] in the left field and
Exe: CONSA[star] Constantinople mint AD 351-355 = RIC VIII, p. 454, 82,
1 commentsRomanorvm
A40 views Constantius I “Chlorus” AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 45a, Ticinum
Date: AD 305-306
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta stg. l. holding cornucopia and scales, TT dot in exergue
Size: 25.3 mm

“He was an outstanding man and exceptionally gracious who showed concern for the wealth of provincials and private individuals instead of simply pursuing the interests of the treasury…He was not only loved but also revered by the Gauls, expecially because through his government they had escaped the mistrusted prudence of Diocletian and the bloodthirsty rashness of Maximian.” – Eutropius Breviarium X.1

Constantius I was chosen by Maximian as his adopted heir. Upon the abdication of both Diocletian and Maximian, he became joint emperor with Galerius in March AD 293. In AD 305, Constantius I won the title ‘Britannicus Maximus’ for his successful campaign against the Picts in Britain. By this time, however, Constantius I was poor in health and believed to be suffering from leukaemia. This earned him the nickname ‘Chlorus’ (the pale). Although he was senior emperor in the west, Galerius had managed to establish a foothold by getting his own nominee, Severus, as Caesar in the west. The intent was to slip Severus in as senior emperor in the west upon the death of Constantius. Constantine I, son of Constantius I, had another plan in mind. Thus, when Constantius I Chlorus died at York on July 25, AD 306, Constantine I was proclaimed ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor in the west by his army before Galerius could take action. Galerius sought to diminish this power by proclaiming Severus ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor as well. This sparked a struggle in the west for power.
NOTE: As the father of Constantine, a number of Christian legends have grown up around Constantius. Eusebius's Life of Constantine claims that Constantius was himself a Christian, although he pretended to be a pagan, and while Caesar under Diocletian, took no part in the Emperor's persecutions. His first wife, Helena, claimed to find the True Cross.
2 commentsNoah
Constantine the Great40 viewsConstantine I - London Mint - AE2 - RIC VI 280

O: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys draped over left shoulder, holding up globe and right hand high. Star in left field, Mintmark: PLN.

2.9g, 19.7/21.5mm, 180 degree die axis

Constantine the Great40 viewsConstantine I - Ticinum Mint - AE Follis - RIC VII 167

O: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right

R: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG laurel wreath enclosing VOT XX crescent below TT in exergue

Nearly Fully Silvered, 2.88g, 16.8/17.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 322-325AD
1 commentsBiancasDad
Barbaric Constantine I40 viewsObv:nonsense
helmet, cuirassed bust right
two Victories standing facing one another
holding shield inscribed VOT PR on altar
17 mm 2.1 gm
Greek, Corinth AR Stater (350-300 BC)40 viewso/ Pegasus flying left, Q below.
r/ Helmeted head of Athena Chalinitis left.
8.62g. 19.5x22mm
Sear 2629-2631. Pozzi 1685-1700.
Lot 15 de la vente du 30 mai 2008 de la Maison Rossini
2 commentsAugustin Caron
Constantine V and Leon III40 viewssolidus1 commentsantvwala
Caracalla Antoninianus, RIC IV 311c40 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Antoninianus, 213-217 A.D. AR, 23mm 5.12g, RIC IV 311c, RSC 608a
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
R: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory & scepter, leaning on shield set on helmet
5 commentscasata137ec
Constans, RIC VIII Heraclea 8040 viewsHeraclea mint, Constans, 348-350 A.D. AE, 17mm 2.47g, RIC VIII Heraclea 80
O: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on globe, star to l., X marking globe
2 commentscasata137ec
crispina RIC672a(commodus).jpg
177-183 AD - CRISPINA AE sestertius - struck 180-183 AD40 viewsobv: CRISPINA AVGVSTA (draped bust right)
rev: SALVS (Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar from patera held in right hand), S-C in field
ref: RIC 672a(Commodus), Cohen 33 (6frcs), BMC 420
24.04gms, 29mm
40 viewsAnother of the coins I consigned at VCoins... I sent them six or seven of these pot-found hoard pieces--almost all with nice eye appeal.

Crispus. Caesar, A.D. 317-326. Ć follis (18 mm, 3.35 g, 12 h). Aquileia. CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Crispus right / D N CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, votive wreath inscribed VOT/·/V in three lines; ·AQS·. RIC 87. Choice EF, fully silvered.
3 commentsJohn M
Crispus40 viewsCrispus - Heraclea Mint - Officina 1 - AE3 Follis - RIC VII 61

O: CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right, draped & cuirassed

R: DOMINOR NOSTROR CAESS, around VOT X within wreath, SMHA in exergue

2.7g, 18.2mm, 135 degree die axis, 324AD
337-361 AD - Constantius II - RIC VIII Thessalonica 056 - GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsEmperor: Constantius II (r. 337-361 AD)
Date: 337-340 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Size: AE4

Constantius Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed

Glory of the Army.
Two helmeted soldiers facing, heads turned towards each other; each holds an inverted spear and rests on a shield; between them, a standard.
Exergue: SMTS? (Thessalonica mint, unknown officina)

RIC VIII Thessalonica 56; VM 76
1.46g; 16.3mm; 180°
C Fonteius Janus wGalley40 viewsC Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC, 3.73g, Crawford 290/1, Sydenfam 555, Fonteia 1,
OBV: Janiform head, D (retrograde) to l, star right, three dots below.,
REV: Galley with pilot and three rowers, C FONT above, ROMA below
Porous flan

EX: Harlan J Berk
1 commentsRomanorvm
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Gros de Nesle - 158240 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ LVDOVI . P . DOMBAR . P . MONTISP . M, Grande L couronnée accostée de deux lis et au dessus d'un λ
+ DNS . ADIVT . ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1582, croix florencée cantonnée de deux lis et deux λ
4.09 gre
Ref : Divo Dombes # 39, PA # 5130
Potator II
Henri II de Montpensier (1592-1608), Douzain - 1594 (Divo plate coin)40 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ HENRIC . P . DOMBAR . D . MONTISP . M, Ecu de Bourbon couronné, cantonné de deux H
+ DNS . ADIVT : ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1594, Croix echancrée cantonnée de couronnes
2.03 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 99 (cet exemplaire illustré), Boudeau # 1070, Mantellier # 40
Potator II
Domitian RIC-50940 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C), BMC 106, RSC 215a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
da quan wu shi clay mould40 viewsreign of wang mang (7-14 AD)
casting time: 7-14 AD
1 commentsleseullunique
40 viewsDenarius - 125 BC (Grueber 124/103 BC) - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI in monogram before, BALBVS behind, ROMA below, within laurel wreath
Rev.:Jupiter & Victory in quadriga right; Macedonian shield below the horses. In ex. MN (in monogram) ACILI
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,4
Craw. 271/1, Sear RCV .147, BMRRC 1019

1 commentsMaxentius
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
18-05 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 17.5 x 16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR [VESPA]SIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER [T]R POT" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #10D Pag.16 - RIC2 #29 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2285 Pag.435 - BMCRE #26 - DVM #18/5 Pag.100 - CBN #18 - RSC Vol. II #94h Pag.41
Denarius N.BALBUS.jpg
15-01 - C. NAEVIUS BALBUS (79 A.C.)40 viewsAR Denarius Aserrado 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza con diadema de Venus viendo a derecha - "S C".
Rev: Victoria en triga cabalgando a derecha, "CXXXX" número de control sobre los caballos. "C·NAE·BALB·" (AB y AL en ligadura) en Exergo.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuńa una triga (Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #309 Pag.130 - Craw RRC #382/1b - Syd CRR #769b -BMCRR #2926-76 - RSC Vol.1 Naevia 6 Pag.68
weight for hanging balance, possibly for tremissis 1/3 solidi40 views12mm tapered 3mm to 9mm. 1.14 gwileyc
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE sestertius - struck 180 AD40 viewsobv: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS (Marcus Autrelius bare head right)
rev: CONSECRATIO (Statue of Aurelius in quadriga drawn by elephants), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC III 661 (Commodus), Cohen 95 (30 frcs)
18.31gms, 28mm
Very rare

The last ’Good Emperor’, Marcus Aurelius died at a military encampment at Bononia on the Danube on 17 March 180, possibly of the plague, leaving the Roman Empire to his nineteen-year-old son. Upon hearing of his father's death, Commodus made preparations for Marcus' funeral, made concessions to the northern tribes, and made haste to return back to Rome in order to enjoy peace after nearly two decades of war.
1 commentsberserker
Diadumenian Tetradrachm, Prieur 1645 40 viewsJudaea, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, Diadumenian Tetradrachm, 217-218 A.D. AR 25mm 11.46g, Prieur 1645 per Michel Prieur (*second known example)
O: (…) ,bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: DHMARX EX UPATOC (or similar),eagle standing, looking left, wreath in beak
1 commentscasata137ec
Domitian (81 - 96 A.D.)40 viewsAR Denarius
O IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI, laureate head right.
R: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, holding spear and shield, owl at foot right.
Rome Mint, 87 A.D.
RIC 507, RSC 218, BMC 103
6 commentsMat
40 viewsDomitianus - AE as.Rugser
Domitian RIC II 002940 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. (3.30g, 19.2mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva standing left with Victory and spear; at fee, shield. About VF. RIC II 29 (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The RIC lists this as R3 with the only other known specimin held in the C. Clay collection. That coin is listed, but not pictured in the plates of the updated RIC. That specimen is from the same dies as this one and has the same 5 o'clock die axis. There is at least one other specimin out there in a private collection I am aware of, and more may surface as time goes on.
3 commentsLucas H
40 viewsDOMITIAN (as Caesar) - As - 73 AD - Rome mint
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II, Laureate and draped bust right
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST S C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and sceptre
gms 10,2 mm 26,6
RIC 694A (c), Cohen cfr 1
2 commentsMaxentius
C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 89-88 BC. AR Denarius.40 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right; PANSA behind, star under chin. / Minerva driving quadriga right; C • VIBIVS • C • F in exergue. Crawford 342/3; Sydenham 684; SR 242; RSC/Babelon Vibia 22 commentsPedja R
Victory Reverse Valentinian III ???40 viewsThe two things I have about RIC X coins are missing legends and those rascally Vandalic imitatives.John M
Maximinus I., Rom mint, struck 236-237 AD, Æ Dupondius40 viewsMAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM radiate-headed draped bust right
VICTORIA GERMANICA, S-C Victory standing left, German captive at feet left
RIC 91; Cohen 111
XIIII Sol with whip40 viewsObverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Bust radiate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: PMTRP_XII COS III P P, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
BMC 965* (undraped C456 (Paris), slightly draped, Leuthold coll.) RIC 542
Weight, 10.887g; die axis, 12h.
Salonina, wife of Gallienus: Junos stag40 viewsSalonina, wife of Gallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop A.
Obeverse: [COR]SALONINAAVG, Salonina head right.
Reverse: IVNONICONSAVG, stag standing left. [A] below.

W=2.83g; D=21x23mm.
East India Company 10 Cash Copper Ingot40 viewsDate: AD 1808
Obverse: EAST INDIA COMPANY; arms of East India Company - two rearing lions each with one back paw on globe, facing inward, leaning against shield, medieval helm above with similar rearing lion facing l. on top, two banners to l. and r. of helm; 1808 below
Reverse: Mughal inscription with X (denomination of 10) .CASH. below
Size: 25 mm, as found at shipwreck site – bent
Photo: The black & white photo between the coin obverse and reverse images is one of the divers who recovered the coins in 1985.
* Note: I purchased this at a coin shop on Grand Cayman island while on my honeymoon in 2001.

This shipwreck coin is from the 145 foot long, 36 foot in berth ship, The Admiral Gardner, that sank on January 25th, 1809, travelling through a fearsome storm in the infamous English Channel. Due to the roughness of the storm, rescue boats failed to reach the damaged ship. Bystanders watched helpessly as the triple deck square rigger constructed of oak and teak sank and took the lives of seven crewmen trapped onboard. The Admiral Gardner was headed for India, and contained coins for payment fto workers in Bengal and Madras. Found in well preserved condition on the seabed, the coins were well wrapped and secured in wooden casks.

In 1809, after the ship sank, some items were salvaged from the wreck, but the valuable cargoes deep in the hold were not reachable. Around 1984, which was 175 years after the ship sank, a local fisherman reported that he thought he was snagging his nets on the Admiral Gardner, the fate of the ship being well known locally. The divers who made the first dive on the wreck were amazed at what they saw. Exposed ribs, frames and decking outlined the shape of the ship. She was lying on a gently sloping sandy bottom at depths ranging between 45 and 60 feet of water. Along with her cargo of coins, some of which had spilled out from the barrels in which they were stowed, her cargo had consisted of a quantity of cannon balls, anchors, iron bars and copper ingots. In 1985 the wreck was listed as being of historical interest, and a license to dive on the site was granted to Richard Larn of Cornwall, the original discoverers of the wreck having formed themselves into a syndicate known as The East India Company Divers. The group, all very experienced in diving on wrecks on the Goodwin Sands, was formed to salvage and administer the legal aspects of any artifacts recovered. Some salvage was carried out in the summer of 1984, but due to weather problems and the special difficulties of working four miles offshore, the amount of coin recovered was minimal. In June 1985, professional divers from a company called SAR Diving, who were working with the EIC diving group, succeeded in recovering a large quantity of copper coins, which were passed to the legal authority for such finds, the Receiver of Wreck. The most impressive find was an intact barrel which underwent preservation treatment at Portsmouth and was estimated to contain 28,000 coins. Unfortunately, as is the case with many of these ventures, treasure (or here, at least, the copper variety) meant trouble. Strong disagreements developed between the parties involved about the methods employed on the wreck, some of which included controlled explosions. Diving on the site was suspended, and the site remains a protected wreck, with no-one currently licensed to dive on it.
3 commentsNoah
elagabalus ant2-.jpg
218 AD - ELAGABALUS antoninianus 40 viewsobv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: P M TR P COS P P (Roma seated left holding Victory and scepter, shield at her side)
ref: RIC IVii 1 (C), C.125 (3frcs.), S 2086
ex Numismatic LANZ
1 commentsberserker
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Provincia Arabia40 viewsBronze AE 20,
4.47g, 17.7mm, 270°, Petra mint,
Obv.: [IMP C] M AVP ANT[ONINOC], laureate draped bust right
Rev.: PETLA COLONI A, founder, togate, right hand raised, ploughing right with pair of oxen
Spijkerman 56
Roman Republic Fouree Sestertius40 viewsObv: IIS
helmeted head of Roma, r.
dioscuri r.

13mm 0.94g
imitating Sear RCV 46
minted 211 B.C. or later

it may not be in very good condition, but fouree Sestertii are not often seen!
1 commentsTRPOT
Colonia Patricia quadrans (2)40 viewsObserve: (PER.) CAE. AVG. Augustus bare head to the left.
Reverse: (COLO. PA)TR. Pathera, aspergilum, vase and lituus.
Weight: 2,7 gr.. Size: 17 mm.
FAB: 1566.
Trajan/Hadrian mule Quadriga40 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Quadriga l.
18mm, 3.1g

Sold by romangreekcoins, eBay, 15 April, 2012, for €40.38.
1 commentsklausklage
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)40 viewsDupondius
O:FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, Draped bust right.
R: CONCORDIA/SC, Concordia seated left leaning on chair with left and flower in right. By chair, cornucopia on globe.
RCV 4724 RIC 1393


Ex. Harlen J Berk

Published on Wildwinds!
1 commentsMat
Faustina II denarius40 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
RIC 749 MA40 viewsPosthumous denarius, 176-180
Bust r., veiled
Funeral pyre surmounted by biga.

3.43g, 19mm
1 commentsklausklage
Faustina I. denar40 viewswife of Antoninus Pius
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3 40 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG-VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula, Fibula #068, AE 40 viewsFibula #068, AE Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular brooch or ring buckle. Pin missing. Stops formed by raised studs. Decorated with engraved lines.
size: 63,5x56,5mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega Fibula, AR-Fibulae, #85,40 viewsFibula #085, AR Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular Silver brooch, Omega Fibula.
size: 27,5x30mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Philippus I - AE as.40 views2 commentsRugser
Florian Cyzicus Q.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM Q40 viewsAntoninianus, 3.52 g, 22 mm, 6 h, 276 AD

Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right

Victory standing facing right, holding palm and presenting wreath to Florian who is standing facing left with outstretched right hand and holding sceptre with left hand

Exergue: Q

Cyzicus mint

RIC Vi 116
1 commentsdrjbca
Maximianus Herculius, Follis, Ticinum40 viewsFollis, 300-303 AD, Ticinum
26 mm, 9.83 g
obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laueate head right
rev: SACRA MONET AVGG - ET CAESS NOSTR / PT•; Moneta with scales and cornucopia facing, head left
1 commentsareich
Gallienus MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var40 viewsAnt, 21mm, 3.05g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing L holding branch & shield.

Mediolanum, RIC 492 var, Common.

Variant reverse: Mars is standing rather than walking. This reverse is recorded from Rome.
Constantius Gallus Maiorina Amiens40 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar 15 march 351-winter 354

Draped and cuirassed bust right

Helmeted soldier left spearing fallen horseman, looking back and extending arm

Maiorina struck in Amiens 18 august - end 353

22 x 20 mm -- 4,10 g -- axis 180°

RIC. 47
1 commentsgb29400
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus40 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Geta RIC IV, 13(a)40 viewsGeta 198 - 207 Caesar
AR - Denar, 3.46g, 18mm
Rome AD 199
bust draped, cuirassed (?), bare head r., youthful portrait
Nobilitas standing frontal, head r., holding sceptre r. and palladium l.
RIC IV, 13(a); C.90; BMCR. 199
Scarce; about EF

PALLADIUM, from Pallas, a cognomen of Athena. The original P. was stolen from Troy and brought to Italy by Aeneas. It was said to have been preserved with great reverence by the Romans as the protector of their own city.
Geta, Rabbatmoba, cult statue of Ares, AE2840 viewsBronze AE 28, Spijkerman, p. 272 and Plate 61, #32; Hendin -, Fair, 14.37g, 28.5mm, 0o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, year 105 = 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse AUT•K•P-EP•GETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PABAQ-MUBA, cult statue of Ares in military dress, sword erect in right, spear and round shield in left, on decorated base with torch-like flaming altars on right and left

1 commentsareich
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #0340 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #03
avers:- S and retrograde S on either side of a T-figure.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of a legend, cross with points.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,0 mm, weight: 0,17 g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-059, CHN-1-067, Huszar-080,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Soli Invicto Comiti, Treveri, A.D.310-31340 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: SOLI INVICTO COMITI Radiate draped bust of Sol right

RIC VI Treveri 893, minted A.D.310-313
Weight: 4.10g Diameter 21.7-22.9mm
1 commentsnemesis
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aburius M. f. Geminus40 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 132B.C.

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, GEM behind. Ӿ below chin.
Rev: Sol in quadriga right, holding whip. M ABVRI (AB and VR in monogram) below, ROMA in exergue.
Weight 3.93g

Crawford 250/1 Sear RCV I 127 RSC Aburia 6
1 commentsnemesis
GI 048a img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius AE18 - Ares - Philippopolis40 viewsObv:– AVT AI AΔPIA ANTΩNEIN, bare head right
Rev:– ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Ares / Mars standing left, holding spear in left hand; shield leaning against him
Minted in Philippopolis
Obv. legend and bust type variant of Varbanov 786 (Bulgarian ed.) (which is AVT AI ADPI ANTWNEINOC, Head laureate r.)
Trebonianus Gallus Neapolis, Samaria40 viewsAE 26 mm 10.3 grams 251-253 AD
Laureate bust right
Eagle Standing, wings spread, supporting Mount Gerazim. with temple, gardens and staiwell
EX :: none
minted in Neapolis, Samaria
Rosenberger 113; SNG 6, 1035, BMC 149, Hendin 882
Ancient Roman Glass40 viewsThis 2,000 Year old Roman glass was found in the old city of Jerusalem.
Gordian III Sestertius40 viewsGordian III Ć Sestertius. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left. RIC 267a, Cohen 19.1 commentsfordicus
Gordianus III - AE as.40 viewsRugser
V - Gordian III AR Antoninianus - Victoria AD 23840 views Gordian III AD 238-244 AR Antoninianus

obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: VICTORIA AVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

5.49 grams, 24.5mm.
6 commentsrexesq
Gordianus III. antoninianus40 viewsMARTEM PROPVGNATOREM1 commentsTibsi
Gordian III Medallion from Tarsos40 viewsObv: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB PP - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield decorated with aegis.
Rev: TAPCOV MHTROPOLEWC - Gordian, radiate, on horseback right, casting javelin at lion leaping right; A/M/K and B-G in fields.
Cat #: SNG Levante 1132/3
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS40 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No.
2 commentslaney
Unattributed Greek coin40 viewsobv: head of Zeus right
rev: winged thunderbolt, unclear legend to either side
Thrace, Lysimachos Ar Drachm40 views(305-281 BC)
Obv.: Head of Herakles wearing lion skin.
Rev.: Zeus seated, holding sceptre and eagle; forepart of lion above crescent in l. field, pentagram below.
Paeonia, Patraos Ar Tetradrachm40 views(340-315 BC)
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo.
Rev.: Warrior on horseback right, spearing fallen enemy.
BMC 9. Paeonian Hoard 490.
1 commentsMinos
Hendin-499 / 1174 (01)40 viewsHerod I - prutah
0.78 grams
Hendin-500 / 1188 (01)40 viewsHerod I - prutah
1.70 grams
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