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ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AR denarius, Victoria reverse64 viewsOptimus
Antoninus Pius Elephant64 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE As, 6.4g, 138 - 161 AD (Struck 148 - 149 AD) RIC III 862a
BMCRE 1840, Cohen 565
OBV: PP TR P XII, Laureate head of Pius right
REV: MVNIFICENTIA AVG COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue, Elephant walking right.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)64 viewsĆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ř 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETAS (in ex.) S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 612; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1950; Strack (Hadrian) 907 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 279 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203 var.
ex G.Henzen (Netherlands, 2010)

Numismatic note: Rare. Strack found this type in 4 collections (of the 30 studied): Berlin, B.M., Paris, and Naples.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius - RIC 58364 viewsĆ Sestertius (25,9g, Ř 32mm, 6h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: MAVRETANIA around, COS II in ex., S | C, Mauretania, bare-headed, standing l, in short tunic, holding crown and sceptre (normally a spear).
RIC 583 (R2); BMCRE 1190 note; Cohen 551 (40 fr.); Strack 789; Banti 235 (this specimen illustrated).
Ex Mike R. Vosper, October 2015; ex Vinchon sale, 1973.
3 commentsCharles S
Alexander III - Philip III64 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti64 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
ARLES *//SCONST64 viewsRIC VII - (see 351), LRBC - (see 355).
An unlisted mark, a later variant to the listed mark SCONST*. This mark is presumably later than that one, the star having been moved to the field for reasons of space. This issue is less common that the SCONST* mark but cannot be said to be very rare.
1 commentsadrianus
AS NERON RIC 312.jpg
14-02 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)64 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Victoria volando a izquierda, portando un escudo ovalado con las letras "SP/QR" inscriptas en el.

Acuńada 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #312 Pag.169 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1976 Pag.391 - BMCRE #241 - Cohen Vol.1 #288 Pag.298 - DVM #32a Pag.87 - CBN #399 - Mac Dowall WCN #285/90
Roman Empire, Philip II, AE As, Rome mint, struck 244-247 AD64 viewsM IVL PHILIPPVS CAES bare-headed draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C Philip II. standing left
RIC 256b; Cohen 50
Roman Empire, Caracalla, AE As, Rome mint, struck 215 AD64 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP, S-C Aesculapius standing left
RIC 553a; Cohen 304
1 commentsdupondius
Pamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater64 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater
Two naked athletes, wrestling, grasping each other by the arms. Reverse. Slinger advancing right, wearing short chiton about to discharge his sling, triskales before and Pamphylian script ESTFEDIIUS behind, all in dotted square.

Struck with a rusty obverse die but still shows nice detail and toning.

Ex Baldwins
2 commentsPhiloromaos
Achaea. Attica, Athens. Pseudo-autonomous AE2264 viewsObv: Bust of Athena r. wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis.
Rev: AΘH NA IΩN Bucranium bound by wreath.
Time of Hadrian and the Antonines.
BMC 810.
Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)64 viewsAR Denarius, Lugdunum mint, c. 12 BC, 18.3mm, 3.56g, RIC I 174, RSC I 147
Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head r.
Rev: IMP•XI, Capricorn right, holding cross-hatched globe
Ex- Spink, ex- Gans Collection, ex- Forum Ancient Coins
2 commentsRemus22
Augustus AR denarius, Lyons, 3 BC - 13 AD64 viewsAugustus
AR denarius – 19mm
Lyons, 2 BC – AD 13
laureate head right
Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left
RIC 207, RSC 43, BMC 519
2 commentsArdatirion
Bahamas64 viewsKm2 - 1 cent - 1966
Km59 - 1 cent - 1974
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1987
Km6 - 25 Cents - 1966
Km63 - 25 Cents - 1985
Daniel Friedman
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0464 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #04
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// -o-, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:3,09g, axis: h,
mint: ???, date: , ref: ,
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #0164 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #01
avers:- BELA, anchor-like mark amongst three dots above and below; border of dots..
revers:- Retrograd Rx (Monogram), border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-093, CHN-1-111, Huszar-066a, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0164 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #01
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
BHM 0654. King George III enters the Fiftieth Year of his Reign, 180964 viewsObv. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of George III right, lion's head on shoulder GEORGIVS III D G BRITANNIARUM REX FID D Below NAT IV IUN MDCCXXVIII
Rev. Emblems of the arts and government around a crowned pedestal on which 25TH OCTR 1809,
around ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO REGNI (The fiftieth year of his reign).

WM45. BHM 654. Engraved by J Westwood.
C8. Caracalla64 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Laureate and bare bust, right.
Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter while left arm rests on shield set on helmet.
Limes Falsa, 2.3 gm, 18.8 mm, Uncertain mint in the style of Rome (RIC 311b)
Comment: Very little is understood of these base metal denarii. Theories run the gamut from frontier military script; fourree cores, and on to modern copy.
1 commentsMassanutten
A11. Maxentius64 viewsReduced follis 5.3 gm 23.8 mm
Laureate head, right
Roma seated, facing, head left, in hexastyle temple holding globe and sceptre, shield at side. Two Victories as acroteria with wreath in pediment.
Minted 308/10 at Rome. mm: RBQ RIC VI, 210
Bronze engraved bracelet64 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.




Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4
Buckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross64 viewsBuckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross
type: AE Buckle,
size: 32x19mm,
weight: 5,98g,
date:V-VII centuries A.D.,
ref: Florin Curta "Still waiting for barbarians ?" page:432,.
distribution: Byzantion,
MASSIVE 29-30mm Uncleaned Byzantine Coin - EF++64 viewsEXCEPTIONAL BYZANTINE FOLLIS 29-30mm
Justinian I AE Follis. Constantinople mint. D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust r. / Large M between star and cross; above, cross; beneath, officina letter "A" CON in ex.

Antonio Protti
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 33, Sestertius from AD 37-38 (three sisters)64 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.6g, Ř 34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 37-38
Obv.: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laurate head left
Rev.: AGRIPPINA - DRVSILLA - IVLIA (left, above, and right) S C (ex.), Caligula's three sisters: Agrippina (Jr.), the eldest sister, as Securitas, leaning on column, holding cornucopiae, and placing left hand on Drusilla's shoulder; Drusilla, the middle sister, as Concordia, holding patera and cornucopiae; and Julia Livilla, the youngest, as Fortuna, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
RIC 33 (R); BMCRE 36, 37; Cohen 4 (25 Fr.); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values) 1800
ex Macho & Chlapovic Auction 2 (april 2012)

1 commentsCharles S
Caracalla, RIC IV, 311(c) var.64 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AR - Antoninianus, 5.33g, 24.04mm, 315°
Rome, 2.half AD 215
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
Venus, in long garment, r. breast bare, stg. facing, head l., holding Victoriola in
outstretched r. hand and transverse scepter in l. hand; leaning with l. ellbow on
oval shield set on helmet.
RIC IV/1, 311(c) var. (holds spear, not sceptre); C.608; BMC 78 (Dorchester Hoard 1937)
Scarce, EF

This is one of the earliest Antoniniani! There was a previous one with the legend VENERI VICTRICI which soon was changed to the nominative form (Curtis Clay).
1 commentsJochen
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0364 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #03
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0464 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #04
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,02g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
1 commentsquadrans
Pautalia Caracalla Caecina Largus 64 viewsCaracalla
AE 26 13.09g


Caecina Largus (198-9AD)


laureate draped and cuirassed bust right

Asklepios, Hygeia and Telesphoros

Brown patina

Ruzicka 502 (rev. depicted tafel IV 201); Varbanov (E) II 4963 p. 422 ; Mionnet Supp. II -; BMC –; SNG Cop. -
Celtic AE-Button with Triscele #164 viewsCeltic AE-Button with Triscele #1
type: AE Button Triscele on it.
size: 21x21x11mm,
weight: 5,21g,
date:1st. cent. B.C.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 64 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above, curved rectangle below,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 2,14g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Merinid Dobla64 viewsAbu-Yahya Abu Bakr (642-656 H / 1244-1258) - Dinar - no mint - no date - 4.60 g

Obverse Central square
al-wahid allah / muhammad rasul allah / wa’l-qur‘an kalam allah / fas
“the one is God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, and the Qur‘an is the word of God”

Marginal segments
at 12:00 bism allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 salla allah ‘ala sayyidna muhammad, at 6:00 wa ilahukum ilah wahid, at 3:00 la illa allahu al-rahman al-rahim
“in the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate, may God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, your God is a single God, no god except Him the Merciful the Compassionate”

Reverse Central square

al-shukr lillah / wa’l-minna lilla / wa’l-hawl wa’l-quwwa billah
“thanks be to God, grace be to God, and power and strength be to God”

At 12:00: huwwa al-awwal wa’l-akhir, at 9:00: wa’l-zahir wa’l-batin, at 6:00: wa huwwa bi-kull, at 3:00: shay’ alim
“He is the First and the Last, the Most High and the Most Near, and He has full knowledge of all things”
Sura 57 (al-Hadid), verse 3

For these interesting notes thanks to

1 commentsCaffaro
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type64 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Indo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat64 viewsIndo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat, undetermined ruler. Billon Drachm or Gadhaiya Paisa. Struck c. AD 1030-1120 Obverse Highly stylized head of Sasanian king Peroz. Reverse Stylized fire altar. Weight 4.12gm Diameter 16mm Reference Deyell 158; Göbl Hummen Em. 294. Grade Good Very Fine, lightly toned. Late imitation of the coinage of Peroz which was carried into Northern India
by invading Huns more half a millenium earlier.
Tao Kuang (1821 - 1850)64 viewsYunnan ProvinceDaniel F
IONIA, CHIOS64 viewsCa. 190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 19 mm 3.74 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66, SNG Cop. 1562
3 commentslaney
Pisidia, Antioch, Hermes/ rooster, AE1364 viewsBronze AE 13, SNG Paris 1069 var (rev legend) and cf. 1067 (obverse bust left, same reverse die) , SNG Cop 16 var (rev legend), BMC 1 var (same), choice gVF, 1.762g, 13.0mm, 180o, Antioch mint, obverse A-NTIOC, draped bust of Hermes right, caduceus across shoulder; reverse CO-LONI-A I, rooster standing half-right

Cn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC.64 viewsCn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC, silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted bust of Mars right, seen from behind.
Reverse- Victory in biga right, holding wreath.
Crawford 345/1; Sydenham 702; Cornelia 50.
18 mm, 3.79 g
Ex Wayne C. Phillips Collection.
1 commentsb70
Denarius. Clodivs Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint.64 viewsDenarius for C. Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint. 195-96 AD.
3.15 grs and 18 mm.
Obs. : draped bust right. Around : IMP CAES D CLO SEP ALB AVG R.
Rev. : hands joining and carrying a legionary eagle. Around : FIDES LEGION COS II.
RIC 20 b.
2 commentslabienus
Valerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm64 viewsValerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm,
laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / L - E,
eagle standing left, head right with wreath in beak
Coin #71
Julia Mamaea- Deultum, Thrace64 viewsO: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG
Draped bust right
Artemis advancing right, pulling a arrow from quiver and holding bow,
leaping hound at feet
Deultum, Thrace
Jurukova 148
10.82g, 24mm
German, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 64 viewsGerman, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +ADOLPES ARC HEPC, Mitred Archbishop entrhoned, facing slightly left, with book and crozier. (Ball over the book ???)
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Broad church building with 6 arcades and gate; on it a tower with cupola between 2 cross-topped flags.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,42g, axis:0h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 588,,
Constans - FTR1.jpg
Constans - Constantinople64 viewsAE2/3 Centenionalis, 4.17 g, 21 mm, 12 h, 348-351 AD

Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe with right hand

Helmeted soldier, head left, spear in left hand, advancing right; with right hand, leading small bare-headed figure from hut beneath tree. Spear points downwards between soldier's legs.

Exergue: CONSIH*

Constantinople mint

1 commentsdrjbca
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 55~0.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Cyzicus 5564 viewsAE3, 19mm, 3.67g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette-diademed head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate, 2 turrets, 7 rows, star above.

Exe: SMK delta (Cyzicus, Officina 4).

RIC VII 55, 328-9, R3.

Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus64 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine I RIC VII, Rome 28764 viewsConstantine I, the Great, AD 307-337
AE - AE 3 (Follis), 2.7g, 21mm
Rome, 2nd officina, AD 326
Bust, laureate, r.
Campgate with six layers, two turrets, no doors, star above
ex. R wreath S
RIC VII, Rome 287
good VF, wonderful sand-patina

Found near Petra/Jordan
Constantine II RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.64 viewsConstantine II AD 337-340, son of Constantine I
AE - Follis, 2.34g, 18mm
Heraclea 3rd officina AD 330-333
Bust, cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing looking at one another, holding inversed spear in
outer hand and resting inner hand on shield set on ground; between them
two standards
exergue: SMH Gamma
RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.; C.122; Voetter 19
R4; good EF
added to

RIC has listed a wrong bust for this type, B4 instead B5 (Curtis Clay)
1 commentsJochen
Constantius Gallus RIC Alexandria 79 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius Gallus, RIC Alexandria 7964 viewsConstantius Galllus
AE Centenionalis
Alexandria Mint. 351-354 A.D.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES - Bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman wearing pointed cap. (dot)S(dot) in left field.
Exergue: ALEB
3 commentsseraphic
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II64 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
2 commentslaney
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards
between them.
CONSS dot in ex.
19mm 2.6 gm
CRISPUS consular bust64 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated consular bust right , wearing trabea
. PTR crescent
Treveri mint
RIC.VII, 399 r3
1 commentsgb29400
CRISPUS small bust Iovi Conservatori Caess64 viewsDN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated , draped bust left with globe, sceptre in left hand and mappa in right hand
Cyzicus mint
RIC. VII, 10 r3
1ef Crispus64 viewsCaesar 317-326

AE3, Thessalonica

Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust, right, D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm, VICTORIA CAESS NN. Mintmark dot TS dot epsilon dot.

Zosimus recorded Crispus' elevation to Caesar: "Constantine, having taken Cibalis, and Sirmium, and all the towns that Licinius had abandoned, sent five thousand men in pursuit of him. But as these were ignorant of the course he had taken, they could not overtake him. Constantine however, having rebuilt the bridge over the Saus, which Licinius had broken down, was with his army almost at his heels. Having entered Thrace, he arrived at the plain where Licinius lay encamped. On the night of his arrival there he marshalled his army, and gave orders for his soldiers to be ready for battle by day-break. As soon as it was light, Licinius, perceiving Constantine with his army, drew up his forces also, having been joined by Valens, whom he styled Caesar, after the battle of Cibalis. When the armies engaged, they first fought with bows at a distance ; but when their arrows were spent, they began to use their javelins, and poignards. Thus the battle continued very obstinately for a considerable time, until those whom Constantine had sent in pursuit of Licinius descended from an eminence upon the armies while they were engaged. These wheeled round the hill |46 before they arrived at them, deeming it best to join their own party from the higher ground, and to encompass the enemy. The troops of Licinius, being aware of them, courageously withstood against them all, so that many thousands were slain on both sides, and the advantage was equal, till the signal was given for both to retire. Next day they agreed on a truce, and entered into an alliance with each other, on condition that Constantine should possess Illyricum and all the nations westward, and that Licinius should have Thrace and the east; but that Valens, whom Licinius had made Caesar, should be put to death, because be was said to be the author of all the mischief which had happened. Having done this, and sworn on both sides to observe the conditions, Constantine conferred the rank and title of Caesar on Crispus, his son by a concubine called Minervina, who was as yet but a youth, and on Constantine, who was born but a few days before at Arelatum. At the same time Licinianus, the son of Licinius, who was twenty months of age, was declared Caesar, Thus ended the second war."

According to Zonaras, "By a concubine he also had another son, called Crispus, older than his other sons, who distinguished himself often in the war against Licinius. His stepmother Fausta, being erotically obsessed with him, since she did not find him compliant, denounced him to his father as being in love with her and as having often attempted to use force against her. Hence, Crispus was condemned to death by his father, who had been persuaded by his spouse."

Constantine had his son strangled to death in Pula.

RIC 62
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Є•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #164 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Є•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #1
avers: CRISPVS-NOBILISS-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•Є•, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,62g, axis:0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318 A.D., ref: RIC-38, p-504, Rare ! (R3),
Crispus64 viewsCrispus - Ticinum Mint - Officina 3 - AE Follis - RIC VII 170

O: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right

R: DOMINOR dot NOSTROR dot CAESS around VOT dot X crescent in three lines within wreath, TT in exergue

3.5g, 19.2mm, 45 degree die axis, 320-321AD
2 commentsBiancasDad
Gaston d'Orleans (1627-1650), Denier Tournois type 7 - 164964 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
GAST . PATR . R . VSFR . PR . DOM . A, Buste drapé a droite, dans un cercle
+ DENIER . TOVRNOIS . 1649, Trois lis sous un lambel, dans un cercle
1.77 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 210v, CGKL # 756, Boudeau # 1088
1 commentsPotator II
Domitian RIC-65664 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome mint, 88-89 AD
RIC 656 (R), BMC 147, RSC 246
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Solidus Numismatics, eBay, 17 June 2015.

Domitian did not take the consulship in 89, so this rare denarius is dated by TR P VIII between September 88 and September 89. The date can be further narrowed down by the 17th imperial acclamation. A military diploma dated 7 November, 88 records Domitian as IMP XVII, so this issue must have been struck briefly at the end of 88, perhaps just a month or so due to the rarity of the acclamation number on the denarii. Domitian's imperial acclamations were piling up fairly rapidly during this time period due to increased military activity along the Danube.

A solid denarius in fine style.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
Delmatius64 viewsDelmatius - Thessalonica - AE3 - RIC VII 227

O: FL DALMATIVS NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS, two soldiers, each holding reversed spear & resting on shield, standing on either side of standard, SMTSε in exergue

1.4g, 17.6mm, 180 degree die axis, 335-337AD
1 commentsBiancasDad
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.190 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.575, KM C 1-364 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1821-1823 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins which have a large Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 45° to the horizontal. Type A2 is comprised of coins in which the radical of tong is written as a continuous horizontal stroke at the bottom. The coins issued by the south branch of the mint have a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Delmatius RIC VII, Siscia 25664 viewsDelmatius Caesar AD 335-337, nephew of Constantine I, brother of Hannibalianus
AE - AE 4, 1.56g, 17mm
Siscia 2nd officina AD 335/6
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing each another, holding spear in outer hand and
rest inner hand on shield; between them a standard
exergue: BSIS
RIC VII, Siscia 256; LRBC 758
R1; VF/xEF, nice reverse
3 commentsJochen
Denmark64 viewskm839.2 - 1 Ore (zinc) - 1967
Km840.2 - 2 Ore (zinc) - 1971
km849.1 - 10 Ore - 1963
Km815.2 - 25 Ore - 1919
Km851.1 - 1 Krone - 1971
Daniel Friedman
27 Diadumenian64 viewsDenarius. May-July 217 AD. M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, draped bust right, seen from behind / PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing facing, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards right. RSC 6. Weight 3.35 g. Die axis 6 hr. Max dia 19.1 mm1 commentsmix_val
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2564 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
Didius Julianus Sestertius64 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
2 commentsTanit
Trajan Provincial64 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Domitian as Caesar AR Denarius64 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F - Laureate head of bearded Domitian right.
Rev: COS IIII - Pegasus standing right, the wings upright and one leg lifted.
Mint: Rome
Year: 76 AD
Ref: RIC 238 (Vespasian)
Notes: Scarce
Domitian, Dupondius, Fortuna, Rome64 viewsDupondius (AE 27-28mm) Rome, 86 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS (XII CENS) PER PP Bust laureate left, with aegis (FORT)VNAE - AVGVST(I) / S - C Fortuna standing l. holding rudder and cornucopiae. 10,10gr. Almost very fine. Rare. Nice golden-brown patina.
C.124; BMC p.382, 383 and pl. 75.9; RIC p.195, 326(b).

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle
4 commentsareich
PORTUGAL - Duarte I64 viewsPORTUGAL - Duarte I (1433-1438) Copper Real Preto. Obv.: Crown over E D, mintmark (small L) below (Lisboa).
Reverse: Portuguese arms. All coins of this king are scarce! Reference: Va.- DU16.
CRUSADER - Duchy of Athens view #164 viewsDuchy of Athens, anonymous; made during reign of William I (1280-1287) or Guy II (1287-1308). Billon Denier.
Obv: Castle Tournois, "+DVX ATENES"
Rev.: Cross, "+THBANE CIVIS"
Thebes mint. Similar to Metcalfe 1040-1048, variety A4

This view is with no lighting effects. The condition is not the best!
Thanks (again!) to Manzikert for identification!
Distilled Water Soak64 viewsScotvs Capitis
Elizabeth I sixpence, Seaby 256164 viewsElizabeth I sixpence, 1566 A.D. AR, 26mm 3.07g, Seaby 2561
O: ELIZABETH D G ANG FR ET HI REGINA, crowned bust of Elizabeth I left, rose behind, portcullis mintmark.
R: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV. Quartered royal arms over long cross fourchee.

*purchased for my wife's birthday...but I am cointing it in my collection ;)
1 commentscasata137ec

Elephant Rider
Bactrian Legend, Kushan Empire
King Huviska 126 to 164 A.D.


Athsho - The Fire God
Four Pronged Tamgha - In Left Field

Copper Tetradrachm = four Drachms
Reference: Similar Mitchner ACW 3289
see this link:
Large Heavy Copper Module
weight: 15.1 Grams; Size: 24 MM
Condition: Looks Very Good
Antonio Protti
f c.JPG
lr5. Constantius II. AE4, my first Roman!64 viewsConstantius II. AE4, mint mark off flan.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed bust right.
Rev: VOT XX MVLT XXX in laurel wreath.
Ř 14-15 mm, 1.20 g

My first pretty nice roman out of an uncleaned lot! Nothing special of course, but it reminds me at my beginnings.
1 commentsPscipio
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)64 viewsAR Denarius
O: DIVA FAUSTINA PIA, Draped bust right.
R: CONSECRATIO Pietas standing left, sacrificing from patera over a lighted altar and holding a sceptre.
RIC III 741 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 57-4/10' BMCRE 711 note; RSC 65

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds!
8 commentsMat
Faustina Sen.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina Senior, AR denarius64 viewsOptimus
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,64 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,64 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Early Crossbow fibula64 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
Galba billon Tetradrachm64 viewsΛ OYKΛIBΣ OYΛ Π ΓAΛBA KAIΣ ΣEB AVT
laureate bust of Galba, right, LB (year 2) before

Helmeted, draped bust of Roma right, holding spear & sheild

Alexandria, September 68 AD-January 69 AD



RPC 5330; Emmett 174


In hand it has a wonderful dark consistent toning
1 commentsJay GT4
Gallienus APOLLINI CONS AVG RIC 165.jpg
APOLLINI CONS AVG RIC V/1 16564 viewsAnt, 21mm, 1.95g.

Obverse: IMP GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head R.

Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, gryphon standing L.

Delta in exe.

RIC V/1 165, Common.
Gallienus PIETAS AVGG RIC 446.jpg
PIETAS AVGG RIC V/1 44664 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C LIC GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiat & draped bust R.

Reverse: PIETAS AVGG, Emperors sacrificing at altar.

Antioch, RIC V/1 446, Common.
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.64 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families Used by permission.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.

Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Germany4 - Federal Republic.jpg
Germany – Federal Republic (1949- ) 64 viewsKm105 - 1 Pfennig - 1950-J
Km107 - 5 Pfennig - 1950-F
Km108 - 10 Pfennig - 1966-J
Km110 - 1 Mark - 1956-J
Km116 - 2 Mark – Max Planck - 1957-J
Daniel F
Gold Tara, Vijayanagar feudatory in Uttara Kannada, Saluva dynasty (1486-1505), South India64 viewsGold Tara (or half-fanam). Deer standing left, semi-circle with a dot inside above (crescent moon and star?) / Brahmi letter "Ra" (corrupt and only partially seen). 5mm, 0.25 grams. Unpublished.

These coins are published as silver taras, but are seemingly unknown in gold. They (in silver) are sometimes found in the Uttara Kannada (Gerusoppe region) where the feudatory dynasty of Vijayanagara the Saluva ruled. The short-lived Saluva dynasty included only 2 rulers - Narasimha Saluva (1486-1492) and Immadi Narasimha (1492-1505).

Antonio Protti
Calabria, Tarentum AR Nomos64 views(315-302 BC). Sl- and K-, magistrates.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear, preparing to throw spear; ΣA below.
Rev.: Phalanthos, holding kantharos and trident, on dolphin left; K to left; below, dolphin left.
Vlasto 607.
7 commentsMinos
64 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 4,71g, axes:7 h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
gregory xvi.jpg
PAPAL STATES - GREGORY XVI64 viewsPope Gregory XVI ( 1831-1846) Copper Baiocco, 1836-R (Rome Mint). KM-1320.dpaul7
Hendin-643 / 133664 viewsValerius Gratus - prutah (year 4 = 17AD)
2.10 grams
1 commentscmcdon0923
Hadrian's Gate in Antalya #564 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya #5quadrans
Hadrian64 viewsRome Mint, 118 AD, 3.35g. O: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery over shoulder; R: VOT PVB in field, PM TR P COS III dot, Pietas standing right, raising both hands in prayer. RIC-141; RSC 1477.3 commentsNemonater
Hadrian denarius64 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
Hadrian Denarius Hispania64 viewsObv.
Bare head right

Hispania reclining left holding branch, rabbit in front
1 commentsancientdave
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD64 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, AR Denarius64 viewsOne of my last -and favorite -acquisitions. I like the golden patina on the coin and the perfect portrait.1 commentsOptimus
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.64 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
Sear 885 - Decanummium - 622-623 AD (Year 13) - Catania mint64 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 622-623 AD (Year 13)
Condition: EF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: (?) - [
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and flat-topped crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, ///; To right, /.

Catania mint
DO 254; Sear 885
4.69g; 14.9mm; 180°
2 commentsPep
Herennia Etruscilla Antoninianus64 viewsHerennia Etruscilla (Augusta)
AR Antoninianus, Rome mint
Ob: HERETRUSCILLAAVG, diademed & draped bust right set on crescent
Rv: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, drawing veil from face & holding scepter
Ref: RIC IV 59b, RSC 19
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire64 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Huszár 195, Unger 121, RĂ©thy I 27564 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 13 mm.

Obv: King riding horse to the right, falcon on his wrist.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 5
Huszár 495, Pohl 52-10, Unger 393i, Réthy II 1864 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: REGIS • KAROLI, Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, m-m to left and right.

Issued in 1338 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) with a nominal weight of 0.6687 g. (per Pohl). This privy mark was issued in Felsőbánya, known as Mons Medium in the Middle Ages (now Baia-Sprie, Romania) by Martinus (Forsinych?) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #0264 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #02
avers: Illegible legend, ornament of kufic letters, border of dots.
revers: Cross, between four crosses and four dots, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-112_CNH-1-109_Huszar-111, Toth-Kiss sigla-variation-,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0164 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-163, AR-Obulus, #0164 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-163, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, between two swords, line border.
revers: Star between two lions standing with their back to each other, looking backwards, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-163, CHN-1-300, Huszar-270,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0264 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1.0 Khusroe II64 viewsKhusroe II
Sassanian (Persian) Empire
Silver Dirhem
30 mm.

Khusroe II conquered Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire, but soon lost it in a counter offensive by Emperor Heraclius.
Otacilla Severa,wife of Philippus I AE29 Caesarea maritima mint64 viewsO:Otacilla Severa bust r.
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche to r
the letters S.P.Q.R around Tyce.
4 commentsMaritima
BYZANTINE, Isaac II Angelus 1185-1195 Constantinople64 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2003
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #0164 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +REX•BELA•QVARTVS, Agnus Dei in circle of dots advancing left with cross, border of dots.
revers: •VNGA•-RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and sceptre, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-213_CNH-1-229_Huszar-294,
J24-Hadrian As.jpg
Hadrian, Æ As, “Annona”, 117-138 CE64 viewsBronze As of Hadrian (117-138 CE), 10 grams, 27 mm, Rome mint 134-138 CE.

Obverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Bare head right, draped left shoulder
Reverse: ANNONA AVG S-C, Annona standing left holding corn ears over modius and rudder.

Reference: Cohen 166, RIC vol. II, o. 441, 796a.

Added to collection: May 16, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Jamaica64 views(From right to left - sorry!)

Km33 – 1 Farthing – 1950-1952
Km25 – ˝ Penny – 1914-1928
Km31 – ˝ Penny – 1938-1947
Km37 – 1 Penny – 1953-1963
Km45 – 1 Cent – 1969-1971
Km64 – 1 Cent – 1975-2002
Km46 – 5 cents – 1969-1989


Km47 – 10 Cents – 1969-1989
Km146.1 – 10 Cents – 1991-1994
Km146.2 – 10 Cents – 1995-2003
Km49 – 25 Cents – 1969-1990
Km147 – 25 Cents – 1991-1994
Km167 – 25 Cents – 1995-2003


Km65 – 50 Cents – 1975-1990
Km57 – 1 Dollar – 1971-1979
Km145 – 1 Dollar – 1990-1994
Km164 – 1 Dollar – 1994-2006
Km163 – 5 Dollars – 1994-1995
Km181 – 10 Dollars – 1999-2005
Km182 – 20 Dollars – 2000-2002
Daniel F
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 64 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers:- +TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
revers:- Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exe, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Lord Melchett Lodge No. 1153 of B’nai B’rith (St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada)64 viewsAE token, 32.5 mm., undated.

Obv: LORD MELCHETT LODGE No. 1153 and B’NAI B’RITH, within border around rim, candelabra in center with ribbon below, BENEVELENCE, BROTHERLY LOVE and HARMONY in left, right and middle sections of the ribbon, respectively.

Rev: A LUCKY TOKEN and ST. CATHERINES within border around rim, separated by Jewish stars, I HAVE CONTRIBUTED / 25˘ / FOR / CHARITY, in five rows in center.

Ref: none known.

Note: Founded in 1932, the lodge was named after Alfred Moritz Mond (1868-1930), the first Baron Melchett, who first visited Palestine in 1921 with Chaim Weizmann and subsequently became an enthusiastic Zionist, contributing money to the Jewish Colonization Corporation for Palestine and other Zionist causes, writing for Zionist publications, and becoming President of the British Zionist Foundation. The lodge tried to uphold the ideals of “brotherhood,” “benevolence” and “brotherly love and harmony” (and those ideals feature prominently in the obverse design of the token).
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Domna Denarius, RIC 553, RSC 58, BMC 2764 views Julia Domna Den "Fortuna" LIMES Julia Domna AD 193-217 Base Metal Denarius
Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA - Bareheaded bust right, draped.
Reverse: FORTVNAE FELICI - Fortuna seated left, holding cornucopia and rudder on a
Rome mint: AD 196-211 = Ancient counterfeit based on RIC
IVi, 553, page 167 - Cohen 58 - SEAR RCV II (2002), #6584, page 493 (18 mm diam. 1.7 g)
Julia Domna, Stobi64 viewsO: IVLIA -AVGVSTA
Draped bust right
Nike/Victory standing left holding wreath and palm, wheel at feet
1 commentsarizonarobin
AE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,64 viewsAE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,
avers: Radiate head right, before the face "KOTI", belowe the neck another radiated head, looking like double stike..
revers: Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Howgego #30 ,
"KOTI before laureate bust right (Antonine emperor?) Applied twice on one example
(countermark applied at Cotiaeum, where one was found).
W.H. Waddington, Voyage en Asie-Mineure au point de vue numismatique, 1853, p.21,
1= P.Waddington 5880; P.876 (countermark applied twice).
All the coin are worn flat. One of a group of countermarks bearing the name of a city
which were applied such 'blanks' "
Sear 1304 - Follis - 692-693 AD - Syracuse mint64 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-693 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor facing, bearded, seated on throne with low arms, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia. In field right, star.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left and right, palm.

Syracuse mint
DO 64; Sear 1304; MIB 73
4.71g; 27.1mm; 180°

Ex CNG, Ex Kristov Collection
juba II64 viewsMauritanian Kingdom. Juba II

Obverse: REX IVBA, diademed head right
Reverse: Filleted cornucopiae and sceptre crossed
Mint :
Date : 25 B.C.-A.D. 23
Reference : Mazard 241; SNG Copenhagen 580
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.86g
Denom: Denarius
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 01/10/04
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria64 viewsAVGUS/TA IVLIA
Bust draped, right
Josifovski describes this reverse as Nike standing facing, head right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia, lotus flower on head; a very syncretic Nike-Demeter-Tyche-Ma-Isis. Unlisted die pair, the reverse is R99 of Josif. 250, the obverse is V33.
Cohen IV 271, BMCG 9, AMNG Gaebler 9
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria64 viewsIVLIA A/VGVSTA
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Cohen IV 264-265, BMCG 7, SNG Cop 333, Lingren 1146
Josifovski 155, same dies (V12, R12), citing specimen in Petersburg 2950
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #164 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers:-IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:-VENVS-CA-ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-243, p-, C-14,
Julian II RIC VIII Constantinople 165 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II (The Apostate), RIC Constantinople 16564 viewsJulian II
Constantinople Mint. 361-363 A.D.
18.8mm. 2.97g.
Die Alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG - Helmeted, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right hand, shield in left.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX surrounded by wreath.
Exergue: (palm branch)CONSA(palm branch)
Ref: RIC VIII Constantinople 165. Sear '64-3971var. VM 28.
Julia Domna - RIC 57764 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Justinian I follis64 viewsFollis, 557-558, Constantinople, 4th officina, 30mm, 15,1g.vercingetorix
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0364 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493, Pohl-50,
Antique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #0164 viewsAntique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #01
type: AE-round plate or phalera from Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay,
size: 28mm,
weight: 6,87g,
date: c. 2nd century A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Rome,
North Korea64 viewsKm183 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km187 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km188 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km190 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km192 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km194 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km196 - 1 Chon - 2002
Km3 - 10 Chon - 1959
Daniel F
Mysia, Kyzikos, hemiobol64 views9mm, 0.33g
obv: forepart of wild boar left, tunny fish behind
rev: lion's head left, facing lion's head above
2 commentsareich
L. Censorinus, Crawford 363/1d64 viewsL. Censorinus, gens Marcia
AR - Denar, 3.68g, 24.17mm
Rome 82 BC
obv. (no legend)
bust of Apollo, laureate, r.
rev. L. CENSOR l.
Marsyas walking l., gazing upwards, raising r. Hand, with wineskin above
shoulder; tall column behind, surmounted by a draped figure (Minerva?)
Crawf. 363/1d; Syd. 737; Kestner 3155; BMCR Rome 2657; Marcia 24

Allusion to the myth of Marsyas. When he found the flute, Athene had invented but thrown away, he challenged Apollo for a contest. Apollo won with his cythara and skinned him alive.
1 commentsJochen
100 Constantius II, AD 337-36164 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.00g, gF
Struck AD 355-360 at Arles
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left arm / GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN in ex (TAN in monogram). Graffiti on obverse fields
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC 238
Lawrence Woolslayer
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VII 64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (faithful and loyal Claudian legion) dates back to the four legions used by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars and played a crucial role in The Battle of Pharsalus in 58 BC, and it existed at least until the end of the 4th century, guarding middle Danube. The emblem of this legion, as well as of all Caesar's legions, was the bull, together with the lion.

Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesar's invasions of Britain.

Tiberius Claudius Maximus the Roman soldier who brought the head of Decebalus to emperor Trajan was serving in Legio VII Claudia.

2 commentsJay GT4
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VIII64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC


This legion is not LEG VIII Augusta which was disbanded by Caesar and re-enlisted by Octavian.

5 commentsJay GT4
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6064 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
licinius I iovi com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Alexandria 2864 viewsAE 19 mm 2.9 grams 321-324 AD
OBV :: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed busr right
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI . Jupiter standing left holding eagle tipped scepter and Victory on globe , Chalmy across left shoulder, leaning on eagle-tipped sceptre. Eagle with wreath left, captive right. X over II Mu in right field
EX :: SMALA (Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 28
RIC rated R1
from uncleaned lot 09/2007
Licinius I, Iovi Conservatori Avgg.jpg
Licinius I- Cyzikus RIC 964 viewsobv: IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, consular bust l.
[gamma] in r. field
SMK in exergue
RIC Cyzikus 9

Nicely silvered example.
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,64 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #264 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #2
avers:- IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG, (2,J1 r.), Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!64 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
1 commentsquadrans
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #0164 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #01
avers:+MOnETA-LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
revers:-+DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. Lily above the shield.
exe, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437b., CNH-2-088, Huszar-546, Pohl-88-2,
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 189064 views"SPL" (or "SPI"?) monogram on high grade host coin.
Ex-"oscarsaab" (eBay). (11,334,027).
Lysimachos tetradrachm64 views288/281 BC, Amphipolis
obv: diademed head of the deified Alexander with horn of Ammon right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΞΟΥ; Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left elbow on shield decorated with lion’s head, spear resting to her right
(Thompson in Essays Robinson 201 var. (position of 2nd monogram))
ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 10
2 commentsareich
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #164 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #1
avers:- Diademed head of Artemis Tauropolis facing right, with bow and quiver at her shoulder.
revers:- Two goats on their hind legs, contending, face to face, with the Greek legend AMΦIΠOLIT-ΩN, in the fields.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 6,13g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: Sear #1394,
1 commentsquadrans
Magnentius Centenionalis64 viewsMagnentius AE Centenionalis
Obv: DN MAGNEN-TIVS PF AVG / A behind bust
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, barbarian in front of horse,bare-headed.
Emperor doesn't have shield.
Mintmark RQ

D: 22 mm
RIC VIII Rome 209 ( 351-352)

Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.64 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Mariniana, Peacock64 viewsMariniana AR Antoninianus

veiled & draped bust right on crescent

peacock flying right, carrying Mariniana, veiled, with raised hand & scepter
1 commentsarizonarobin
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 16364 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180
AR - Denar, 3.53g, 18.1mm
Rome summer - Dec 168
laureate head r.
Victory standing frontal, head r., holding palmbranch
in r. hand and hangig with l. hand shield described with
VIC PAR on palmtree
RIC III, 163; C.878
EF, rare in this condition

This issue celebrates the victory AD 162 of Lucius Verus and his general Avitus Cassius in the Parthian war. So Rome was able to put his man on the Armenian throne.
Marti Pacifero Cldc64 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Maximianus London mint Follis64 viewsMaximianus I Herculius
Ć Follis. Mint of Londinium, 306-308 AD (2nd reign).
Obv. D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
Rev. GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. PLN (1st officina) in ex.
Ref. London RIC VI 90, Cohen 142, Sear'88 #3646. Common (C2).

Ex Spink, York

2 commentsPhiloromaos
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #164 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
Ionia, Miletos. Gallienus AE21. Diogenous Dionysiou64 viewsObv: AVT K ΠO ΛIK ΓAΛΛIHN, Laureate draped cuirassed bust right.
Rev: EΠI AP ΔIOΓE MIΛHCIΩN. Cult statue of Artemis facing, holding patera in right hand and bow with left.
Magistrate: Diogenous Dionysiou.
BMC 167.

PZ : Between 260 and 268
Technical details
M : AE
GR : 21.59(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: BMC 14 S202,167(1)
Additional remarks
Mudie 01. George III Dedication Medal, 1817.64 viewsObv. Laureate head of George III right HOC AVSPICEORBIS SALVS. MDCCCXVII.
Rev. One standing female allegorical figure on the left, flanked by lion and holding a cross, allegorical female figure seated on right holding horn of plenty, rocky outcrop behind. RELIGIONE FIDE ET CONSTANTIA

The first medal in the forty medal Mudie series, and one of the most beautiful.
1 commentsLordBest
Mysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,64 viewsMysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,
avers:-No legend, Gorgon head facing.
revers:- Π Α above a bull standing left looking back, Ρ Ι between bull's legs, under "Bukranion".
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Mysia, Parion, date: c. 350-300 B.C.,
ref: SNG von Aulock-7423, SNG Paris-1380, SNG Cop-257-266var, BMC-95.19.,
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon64 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Ć 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Nabataean 4th year.JPG
Aretas IV Nabataean Kingdom64 viewsSize: AE 18mm
Obverse: Aretas/Shaqilat
Reverse: Cornucopia
Date: 9BC - 40AD
1 commentsJohn K
Samaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus AE2764 viewsSamaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 C.E. AE 27 mm (14.93 g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / Eagle standing facing, supporting on wings Mt. Gerazim surmounted by temple and altar; stairway leading to temple, colonnade at base of mountain, star and crescent to right and left of temple. Rosenberger III p. 23, 113 (same obverse die); cf. Price and Trell 782; Meshorer -; SNG ANS 1035 (same obverse die)ancientone
NERO AR billon tetradrachm. Nero & Alexandria with elephant headdress. 64 viewsNERO AR billon silver tetradrachm. ROMAN EGYPT NERW KLAV KAIS SEB GER, radiate bust right, wearing aegis.
Reverse - AVTOKPA, draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress, LIB to right. Struck at Alexandria, year 12. (65-66 AD).
RPC 5289. Sold
Antonivs Protti
Cappadocia, Caesarea. Nerva64 views(Didrachm / AD 97)
Laureate head of Nerva right.
Club of Hercules.
2 commentsancientone
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,64 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
Orodes III, AE Drachm64 viewsOrodes III, 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing left, wearing a diadem tiara with an anchor on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Radiate and draped bust of Artemis right. Greek legend around bust

Weight: 3.5 grams

van't Haaff 16.1.1-1
de Morgan 23 (Orodes I)
Sear GIC 5892
BMC 28 254 16ff
2 commentsHoward Cole
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King64 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Crowned lion right, looking backward. Rev.: Eagle over vine. Luschin #69a. dpaul7
Byzantine Lead Seal circa 100064 viewsObv: Virgin Holding Medallion of Christ's Head
Rev: Four-line Inscription
19 mm
Parthian bronze 3.jpg
Small Bronze 364 viewsPhraates IV

Obverse: King's head L, bareheaded, diadem, pointed beard, eagle R with wreath.

Reverse: humped bull R in square inscription.


10mm, 0.87g.

Sellwood 52.47
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Byzantine Empire: Anonymous Lead Seal (ca. 11-12th Century)64 viewsObv: IC-XC to left and right of bust of Christ with beard and nimbus cruciger, wearing pallium and colobium, raising hand in benediction and holding Book of Gospels inside border
Rev: M-Q to left and right of Mary, nimbate, hands raised inside border
Philip I AR Antoninianus 244-24964 viewsOb. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev. LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae

Ref. RIC 38b, RSC 87

SAECVLARES AVGG I64 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint
Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,64 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Philip I/Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.64 viewsAR Silver Antoninianus, Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.
Obverse : IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ear over galley at feet, & cornucopia.
RIC 59
RSC 33
SR 8924
(Please click to enlarge.)
Larry M2
Philip V of Macedonia * Poseidon & Athena Alkidemos (221-179 BC)64 views
Philip V, Ć22 * Poseidon* & Athena* Alkidemos

Obverse: (Kemp) Laureate head of Poseidon, facing right.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos striding/advancing left with shield, hurling a thunderbolt. Monograms in left and right fields.

Mint: Pella (?)

Bronze *
Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 8.72 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Patina: Lovely deep-sea green, towards dark-olive.

This coin appears to be unlisted in standard references; however, it is listed in
SNG Greece 2 - The Alpha Bank Collection #1071 ( I P ) in the right field ( I G{amma} in present instance).
It is also listed in Mamroth ZFN 42 ( a specialized work on Philip V in German).
Mamroth 42

* Olympian

PHRYGIA, APAMEIA64 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
York plan 264 viewsA plan of the Roman fort of Eboracum overlaid on a street plan of York. The numbers refer to a couple of the photo locations for orientation.mauseus
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC 309.jpg
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC V/2 30964 viewsAnt, 18x20mm, 3.98g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing R with sceptre & thunderbolt.

Trier, Issue 5, Officina B.

RIC V/2 309, Common.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F)
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R*Z, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1964 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
Ptolemy I64 viewsSilver tetradrachm, BMC 57, VF, 14.0g, 25.4mm, 40o, Miletus, Ionia? mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, minute D behind the ear; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P over MI monogram in left field; high relief, toned, reverse off center
1 commentssalem
Pub. Crepusius Denarius 82 B.C.64 viewsPub. Crepusius AR Denarius. 82 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right, control symbols before and behind; Reverse, Horseman right, brandishing spear; P CREPVSI in ex, control-numeral behind. Syd 738a, Cr361/1c.

Ex Moneta Nova
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Constantius II64 viewsConstantius II Ć Centenionalis. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEM/NP (error M is "N" in temp)REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 72 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
Quinarius OCTAVIO RIC 276.jpg
06-10 - OCTAVIO (32 - 27 A.C.)64 viewsAR Quinario 13 x 15 mm 1.5 gr.
Conmemora el sometimiento de la Provincia de ASIA en el ańo 30 A.C.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de Octavio viendo a derecha - "CAESAR" detrás, "IMP VII" delante.
Rev: Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre una cesta mística, flanqueada por dos serpientes erectas, portando corona de laureles en mano derecha y palma sobre hombro izquierdo - "ASIA" campo derecho y "RECEPTA" en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 29/28 A.C.
Ceca: Brundisium ó Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #276 Pag.61 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1568 Pag.302 - Sear CRI #429 - BMCRR (este) #240 (= BMCRE #647) - RSC Vol.1 #14 Pag.132 - Cohen Vol.1 #14 Pag.64 - CBM #902 - Babelon MRR B#145
Anonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,64 viewsAnonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,
avers:- Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; two pellets (mark of value) above.
revers: - ROMA, Prow of galley right; two pellets (mark of value) below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 22,57g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:217-215 B.C., ref: Crawford 38-5, Sydenham 85,
043 B.C., P.Accoleius Lariscolus, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford 486/1, Rome, Diana-Hecate-Selene faceing, 64 viewsP.ACCOLEIVS – LARISCOLVS, Republic Ag Denarius,
avers:- Bust of Diana Nemorensis right draped, behind P.ACCOLEIVS upwards, before LARISCOLVS down wards, border of dots.
revers:- Triple cult statue of Diana Nemorensis (Diana-Hecate-Selene) faceing, behind, cypress grove, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 43 B.C., ref: Crawford 486/1, Sydenham 1148,
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.64 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064ak img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50964 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132cr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 351 Bust type G (Ticinum) (TXXT)64 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (TXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 351 Bust type G
RI 132k img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 801 - Bust Type F (Rome) (XXIS)64 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Probus standing right holding globe in left and transverse spear in right
Minted in Rome (XXIS in exe) Emission 1 Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 801 Bust type F
Pink attributes this coin to Rome and not Siscia
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emiss. date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-314F,
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62764 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– LIBERAL . AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE pg. 102, RIC 627, RSC 103
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)64 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
47564 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
Apulian kylix64 viewsApulian (Greek colonies in Southern Italy) kylix or shallow drinking vessel with palm frond tondo, c 325 BC.3 commentsmauseus
Rome 28464 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
1164 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
REX monogram over 1659
8 (irregular?)
Commodus - Dupondius. AD 179-18064 viewsRIC 292a
Virtus seated r. with reversed spear and parazonium, VIRTVS AVG IMP III COS II P P, S C

(Given to a friend)
Roman Provincial Coin AE23mm (5.1g).64 viewsS. Alexander from Coela in Thrace, with AEL MVNICIP COELA reverse legend. sold4 commentsAntonivs Protti
RPC-1648-Vespasian64 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Sear 715 - Decanummium - 608-610 AD - Carthage mint64 viewsRevolt of the Heraclii (608-610 AD)
Date: 608-610 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: RCIO - CONSVI
Bust of Heraclius, facing, bearded, wearing consular robes. In right hand, eagle-topped scepter. Above head, cross.

Reverse: Large "X"; Above, cross; Beneath, ; To left, /N/; To right, /M/

Carthage mint
DO 8; Sear 715
2.88g; 17.6mm; 330°
Sabina 40.jpg
Sabina - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST64 viewsObv:- SABINA AVGVSTA IMP HADRIANI AVG, Diademed, draped bust right

sabina den-.jpg
117-138 AD - SABINA AR denarius - struck 117-135 AD64 viewsobv: SABINA AVGVSTA
rev: VENERI GENETRICI (Venus standing right holding an apple)
ref: RIC396, C.73
64 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
diademed and draped bust right

No legend - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
RIC 411, C 91, Rome Mint
2 commentsarizonarobin
Justinian I, AE Follis, sear 22064 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield with horseman motif, cross to right
Reverse: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right XXII (22) , sometimes on a star or crescent, officina letter below A , mintmark 9HU o over P
Mint: Antioch
Year 548/9 CE
Sear 220a
36mm, 18.59g
Sear 1823 (with Mardin c/m 1)64 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class B Follis, weight 8.3g, diameter 33 x 27cm., overstruck on a class A2/3 anonymous follis. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 1 countermark (the word Atabeg, a hereditary title of nobility) on the reverse, attributed to the Zengid lords of Mosul.

Abu Galyon
Septimius Severus Consecratio64 views Bare head right of Septimius Severus/Throne with wreath. 19.5 mm. RIC (Caracalla) 191E [as Scarce]; C. 87. Ex CNG 47 (16 IX 98), lot 17913 commentsfordicus
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina II, Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, AE Sestertius64 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Hieron II. AE2764 viewsHieron II. AE27, 269-215 BC, Syracuse.
Obv: diademed head left.
Rev: Horseman riding right on groundline, holding spear, cloak flowing behind, IEPΩNOΣ below; Σ below horse
26-27 mm, 17.52 g

One of my favorite bronzes.
3 commentsPscipio
'Slave money', carnelian64 views25,4x13.60x11.90mm, 7.87g

This so-called 'slave money', part of a chain, was made in the first half of the 19th century in Idar-Oberstein/Germany for London. From London it was shipped to West Africa to buy black slaves.
Spain64 viewsKm766 - 10 centimos - 1941 (Nationalist Government)
Km790 - 10 centimos - 1959
Km651 - 50 centimos - 1870 (3rd Decimal)
Km777 - 50 centimos - 1949
Y27.2 - 1 Real - 1859 (Decimal coinage) (Madrid – 6 pointed star)
Y47.1 - 10 Escudos - 1868 (Madrid) (2nd Decimal coinage) (Fake)
Daniel Friedman
56 BC Faustus Cornelius Sulla 64 viewsLaur. diad. and draped bust of Venus right, sceptre over shoulder SC behind

Three trophies between jub and lituus, monogram FAVSTVS in ex.

RRC 426/3
Sear 386


The three trophies were engraved on the signet ring of Pompey the Great symbolizing his victories on three continents. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla and son-in-law of Pompey the Great.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
Sullis Minerva.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, Bust of Sullis Minerva64 viewsDisplayed in the Baths.

This is a wonderful gilt bronze head of Sullis Minerva and is probably from the cult statue of the deity which would have stood within her Temple beside the Sacred Spring. Found in A.D. 1727.
SUNGA DYNASTY (185 - 75 B.C.)64 viewsĆ ˝ KARSHAPANA
O: Bull, elephant, swastika and staff symbols.
R: Hill, cross and tree symbols.
14 x 15mm
3 commentsMat
Titus RIC 2364 viewsAR Denarius, 3.00g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 23 (R3), BMC -, RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch

This is the second known specimen of an extremely rare portrait left Ceres type. The only other known specimen was in the Harry Sneh collection and was sold in the Gemini IX sale, 8 January, lot 333 (RIC plate coin). My coin shares an obverse die. It's not often that a second specimen of a unique Flavian type turns up, especially for Titus!

Nicely toned with good eye appeal despite the wear and a few scratches.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-357(2)64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T357 (C2), BMC T129, RSC 497
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Capricorns, l. and r., crossed, supporting round shield inscribed S C : below, globe
Acquired from Civitas Galleries, August 2016.

A rare variant of this common Divus Vespasian denarius type struck under Titus. It is much more common to find the capricorns back to back with no tails, supporting a small shield. Here we see the capricorns crossed with tails, supporting a large shield. Curiously, RIC does not note the rare variant nor assign it a catalogue number.

Previously a jewellery mount piece.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Teodosio I, zecca di Antiochia (383-395 d.C.)64 viewsAE4, 11 mmm, 1,28 gr. (383-395 d.C.)
D/ DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, busto perlato-diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Vittoria che avanza a sx, portando un trofeo sulla spalla e trascinando un prigioniero; ANT D (delta) in ex
RIC IX Antiochia 67b
NOTA: identificato sul forum FAC in italiano, presentato dal venditore canadese (ACC, Richmond Hill, Ontario) come imitazione vandala di Valentiniano II
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 giugno 2010, numero catalogo 112), ex dr. Alexander Fishman collection (Ancient Coins, Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada, fino al 2010).
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC 126.jpg
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC V/2 12664 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.73g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate & Cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SALVS AVGG, Salus standing L feeding snake rising from altar, holding anchor.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 126, Common
103 BC Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus64 viewsHead of young Mars left, wearing crested helmet

Q THERM MF (THE and MF in monogram)
Roman soldier advancing right, fighting with uplifted sword a barbarian soldier before him and protecting with shield a fallen comrade at his feet

Rome 103 BC

Sear 197
2 commentsJay GT4
Thessaly, Thessalian League. AR Stater.64 viewsCirca 196-146 BC (6.38g, 21mm, 3h). McClean 4953; BMC Thessaly-; SNG Copenhagen-. Obverse Head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; monogram behind. Reverse Athena Itona advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield; ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑ-ΛΩ[Ν] around field, K-OT-T-Y below. Nicely struck from high relief dies. Attractive style. Excellent metal. Choice EF.

Ex Pars Coins.

After the Roman Republic’s defeat of Macedon at Kynoskephalai in 197 BC, T. Quinctius Flamininus, the victorious general, headed a senatorial commission set up to establish a protectorate in Greece and he pronounced at the Isthmian Games in July of the following year that those Greek areas (including Thessaly) which were formerly under Macedonian control were now free. Flamininus then revived an independent Thessalian League, which was founded in around the year 1000 BC and was later disbanded after Phillip II of Macedon conquered much of the Greek world in the last quarter of the 4th century BC. Under the new League, the coinage comprised solely of silver in three denominations (stater, drachm, and hemidrachm/obol), and could be considered the first truly Thessalian League "federal" coinage. All issues bore the ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ, along with the responsible magistrates' names, and were likely minted at Larissa, the capital of the League.
1 commentsJason T
Tibčre II.jpg
Three-quarter follis of Tiberius II64 viewsMinted in Constantinople in 578-582.
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius64 viewsL. Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.88 g; obv. SABIN, bearded head of King Tatius to right, palm-branch below chin; rev. Rape of the Sabine women, L TITVRI in ex. Crawford 344/1b; Syd. 698a.1 commentsBartosz A
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2264 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.
Acquired from York Coins, January 2005.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus L throne.jpg
Titus RIC-12064 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 120 (C), BMC 56, RSC 314
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Square seat, draped with cloth hanging in folds, above which is a winged thunderbolt, lying horizontal: ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno)
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2007.

Same type as BMCRE 51 but with the left facing portrait.

A pleasing portrait, even if the coin itself is a bit off-center.

trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD64 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
Trajan RIC II, 68664 viewsTrajan AD 98-117
AE - (Orichalcum)-Semis, 2.92g, 18mm
Rome, undated
head laureate, r.
rev. (no legend)
gaming table with vase and wreath
exergue SC
RIC II, 686; C.349 var.
Scarce, VF

2 SEMISSES were worth 1 AS
1 commentsJochen
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33764 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat
Siam, Gambling Token: 1760-1821 AD64 viewsUniversal Peace and Harmony

Gambling tokens were first introduced during the Ayudhya period by Chinese gamblers. They were made from tin or brass between 1760 - 1821 AD. Between 1821-1875 AD, the tokens were made from porcelain. They are found in many different forms and shapes: multi-sided or cirular, flat and with a wide range of designs such as flowers, animals, aquatic animals and Chinese mythological figures. The value of each token was inscribed in Chinese on the reverse side of token. There are more than 5,000 designs. Later, they were used in commercial transactions as well, and became in effect legal tender. In 1875 AD, the government prohibited their use for commercial purposes.
utrecht lion daalder.jpg
UTRECHT - Netherlands Lion Daalder64 viewsUTRECHT - Netherlands AR Lion Daalder, 1680. Rosette mintmark. Obv.: Knight (without helmet plume) over shield with lion. Rev.: Rampant lion left. Reference: KM#72.dpaul7
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.64 viewsAR Denarius, 2.78g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
30-01 - AELIO (136 - 138 D.C.)64 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "L AELIVS CAESAR" - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TR POT COS II" - Pietas (La Piedad) estante a der. ante un altar, levantando su mano der. y sosteniendo su vestido con izq. "PIETAS" en los campos.

Acuńada 137 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #438 Pag.393 - RSC Vol.II #36 Pag. 163 - BMCRE Vol.II #989 - Cohen Vol.II #36 Pag.261 - DVM #4/2 var. Pag.133 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3971 Pag.199 - St. Vol.I #389 - Hill UCR #840
2 commentsmdelvalle
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC IX 062a-2, A/-//TES, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC IX 062a-2, A/-//TES, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers:- D-N-VALENTINIANVS-P-F-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLORIA-REI-PVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, A in the left field.
exergo: A/-//TES, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 384-388 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-62a.2, p-188,
Vandals anonymous64 viewsObverse: Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Victory advancing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left
Mint : Carthage
Date : 5th Century AD
Reference : Wroth, Coins of the Vandals, Victory type 21-31, Pl. III, 10
Grade : V
Weight : 0.99g
Metal : AE
Acquired: 16/06/06
Comments : Wroth notes that coins showing inscriptions represented by strokes or lozenges are probably indicative of barbarous imitations (possibly the Mauri tribe).
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2564 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident
Acquired from Nemesis, February 2008.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
Vespasian - [RIC 1422C, BMCRE -, RSC -]64 viewsSilver denarius, 2.76g, 17mm, 180 degree, Ephesus mint, 71 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right

Rev. - CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres seated left on ornate high-backed chair, corn ears and poppy in right, cornucopia in left, BY in ex.

An unlisted type for Vespasian's Ephesus Group 5 denarii. In the upcoming RIC II addenda this type should be assigned 1422C.

This is the third known example. Other examples are ex Lynn collection and David Atherton collection in which both share the same dies. This example is from a different die set, making it the first of a second die set.

The BY mint mark does not show up well in the photo, however, in hand it is quite apparent.

Purchased from eBay
4 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius64 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
Victorin 1.jpg
Victorinus - antoninianus64 views[IMP. C. VI]CTORINVS P.F. AVG
[IN]VICTVS , Sol Invictus advancing left with whip. Star to the left.
RIC 114
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.64 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
GENIO POP ROM - Constantine I64 viewsAE Follis, London, Autumn 307 - Early 310
5.86gm, 25mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

RIC VII.103 (S), ex. Tom Wood, ex. Steve Clayton
Paul DiMarzio
Moesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #0164 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding hare by its hind legs and standard, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: -/-//AN IIII, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 10,83g, axis:1 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-090, PM-1-43-1, Rare!!!, #01
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)64 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria64 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Vrbs Roma - Arles64 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=17mm p=2,27g
1 commentsantvwala
ROMAN EMPIRE, Zeno AE4 474-491 Antioch (ANT)64 viewsObv: ...N...
Rev: Monogram
RIC X 968
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, 332-317 BC64 viewsSicily, Syracuse 332–317 BC
Obverse: Short haired Zeus facing right, ZEUS ELYTHEIROS in greek script around.
Reverse: Thunderbolt in the field, eagle to the right, SYRAKOSION in greek script around.

Dated according to N.K. Rutter: Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, page 168.

Ex. A.H. Baldwin collection.

Bronse hemilitron.
W=14,97g; D=24 mm.
1 commentsKjetilK
Julia Domna 63 viewsJulia Domna Denarius
20 mm 3.09 gm
Draped bust of Julia right.
Venus seated left, holding apple and scepter, before her, Cupid standing right, hand on her knee.
3 commentsKoffy
Philadelphia, Lydia63 views159-133 B.C.
Bronze Ć16
4.84 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Macedonian shield
Rev.: ΦIΛAΔEΛ/ΦEΩN above and below thunderbolt, monogram above, all within olive wreath
BMC Lydia, p.187, 1, 2; Sear 4723; cf SNG Von Aulock 3060.

Another view
2 commentsJaimelai
SEVERUS ALEXANDER63 viewsAR denarius. 234 AD. 3.17 gr. Laureate and draped bust right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG. / Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. P M TR P XIII COS III P P. RIC IV 123. RSC 448
1 commentsbenito
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC63 viewsTetradrachm , 22mm, 16.85g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG, 262, Lot 95
2 commentsrobertpe
Hadrian, Sestertius - 006563 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P , laureate and draped bust right
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, Hadrian raising kneeling figure of Hipania
24.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 3633, scarce

Trčs usée mais pas courante
Potator II
Plautilla, Denarius - bE463 viewsRome mint
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA FELIX, Caracalla and Plautilla face to face, shaking hands
3.41 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #7066 var, Cohen #12, RSC # 12, RIC-, BMC -, Hill –

I believe this type should be considered as transitionnal or an hybrid (as is the aA3) associating a 202 reverse type to a 204-205 bust type
1 commentsPotator II
Caracalla of Nikopolis ad Istrum63 viewsCaracalla
Moesia Inferor, Nikopolis as Istrum
AE - / 16mm / -
Ob: obscured legend - Laureate draped bust right
Rv: NIKOΠΟΛΙΤΩΝΠΡΟCIΤΡΟΝ - Basket of fruit with handle
Mint: (198-217 AD)
References: AMNG 1, 1, p417 No. 1609, plate XX 38
Scotvs Capitis
Macrinus AE 25 Markianopolis63 viewsMoushmov 527, SNGCop 221
10.5 g, 25 mm
Magistrate Pontianus
AVT K M OPEL MAKPEINOC, laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
VP PONTIANOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae
2 commentsMark Z2
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!63 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare head right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVG, Sacrificial implements: knife, sprinkler, jug, lituus and simpulum, S-C in exergue.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 27mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:173-74 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1240a (Ant. Pius), p-174, C-485, Sear-1399,
Carus63 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
RV: Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre /"B" in left field
Ex: -
RIC 13
2 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,63 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) p-393
Fausta, AE363 viewsThessalonica mint
FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right
SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing, holding Constantinus II and Constantius II in her arms, SMT[...] at exergue
3.34 gr
Fausta, petit bronze, Ref : Cohen # 15, LRBC # 828, TTB
1 commentsPotator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #163 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
P. Licinius Nerva. 113-112 BC63 viewsP. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius. Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169.1 commentsecoli
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)63 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
Constantius II63 viewsConstantius II AE3. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards between them, RBT in ex.3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Greece, 100 Drachmai 1992, KM # 159.63 viewsGreece,
100 Drachmes, brass (29 mm / 10.00 g), 1992,
Obv.: EΛΛHNIKH ΔHMOKPATIA / 1992 - BEPΓINA / 100 / ΔPAXMEΣ , the Vergina sun or star of Vergina.
Rev.: MEΓAΣ AΛEΞANΔPOΣ / BAΣIΛEYΣ MAKEΔONΩN , diademed head of Alexander The Great with horn of Ammon right.
KM # 159.

The Vergina Sun or Star of Vergina is a symbol of a stylised star with sixteen rays. It was found in archaeological excavations in Vergina, in northern Greece, where it was discovered on a golden larnax found in 1977 in the tombs of the kings of the ancient kingdom of Macedon.
The significance of the Vergina Sun is unclear. Archaeologists do not agree whether the sun was a symbol of Macedon, an emblem of Philip's Argead dynasty, a religious symbol, or simply a decorative design.

my ancient coin database
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 63 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
K in circle63 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Philip Sr. (?). Ć 22. A.D. 244-249. Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (ΠE)PΓA-IΩN. Vulcan seated right, holding hammer in left hand. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360°. Weight: 4.70 g. CM: K in circle, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 672 (8 pcs). Note: This specimen is on the small side for group 672, the specimens recorded by Howgego ranging from 23-32 mm and 6.98-21.43 grams. It is impossible to decide where the countermark was applied, although the specimens recorded by Howgego were originally minted in Phrygia, Pamphylia, Cilicia and Pisidia. Collection Automan.Automan
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Arelate (SCONST)63 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter,
Chi-Rho in Left Field
Poland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630.63 viewsPoland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630. Crowned arms and titles / Orb with value in center divides date (16)3-0.

KM 11
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.63 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him Ł15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
Female bust right (with kalathos?)63 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Bostra. Commodus. Ć 19. A.D. 166-177 (as Caesar). Obv: (ΛAYPKOM)KA-ICAYTVIOΓEP. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (NETPA)-IABOC(T). Bust of Athena (Tyche?) right, wearing crested helmet. Ref: Spijkerman 26(obv)/27(rev). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.31 g. Note: This combination of obv. and rev. inscpriptions was not known to Spijkerman. CM: Female (?) bust wearing Kalathos (or similar), in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
18263 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars stg right, leaning on shield, spear in hand
London mint
RIC 182
Thrace-Thasos; 412-404 BC63 viewsAR-Trihemiobol
Obv: Satyr,seen from behind,kneeling on left,looking right,over his shoulder,
holding kantharos in right,left on hip.
Rev: Amphora, on either side, ΘΑΣ on left, ΙΩΝ on right.
Size: 12mm;0.82gms
Ref: BMC Tauric Chersonese,Thrace,vol.3,Pg.221,No.58
SNG Copenhagen 1031
Sear I-1755var.
Nice in hand, lousy photo!
1 commentsBrian L
Hadrian - Britannia63 viewsHadrian As
c. 119-121

Britannia seated facing foot on rock resting head on right hand and holding sceptre, to right, large shield.

RIC 577(b), R2 rarity

EX Robert O Ebert Collection, EX Hausman Collection, EX Stack's, Coin Galleries, 2/21/1990, lot 335.
Bithynia, Nicaea, Gordian III63 viewsObv.: M ANT GOPDIANOC AVG; draped and radiate bust right
Rev.: N /I /K /A /I /EWN; four military standards, two capricorns above
4.2 gm; 16 mm.

Zwicker Z1073; cf Rec Gen 711; Mionnet S. 870.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod63 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Ć 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
agathokles63 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
Sicily. Akragas. Ca. 338-287 B.C.63 viewsĆ 18 mm. Laureate head of Zeus left. Rv. Eagle standing left, clutching hare which it is about to devour; above tail feathers, Δ. ancientone
Roman Empire, Clodius Albinus, AE as, RIC 61a, rare non-divided ALBIN. - Obverse63 viewsThe coin pictured is known by one other example, a coin sold by Sotheby's. The non-divided ALBIN on the obverse is one out of the 9 known dies for this series. The coin is published in Curtis Clay's Oxford thesis.Ryan C
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm63 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Troas, Alexandreia, civic issue, Bellinger A49063 viewsTroas, Alexandria, time of Gallienus, AD 253-268
AE 24, 5.12g
obv. ALEX - TRO
Bust of city-goddess (Tyche), draped and turreted, r., behind vexillum inscribed
rev. CO - L - AVG - TRO
Eagle, with raised wings, flying r., holding in his talons forehead of bull
Bellinger A490 (type 47); SNG Copenhagen 114; BMC 53-56
EF, superb specimen

The depiction is referring to the founder myth of Alexandria: The eagle carrying a bull's head which is a common occurence from now [Commodus Caesar] on, must refer to a foundation legend, like that told of Antioch on the Orontes, of an eagle carrying part of a sacrificial animal to a spot where the new city was destined to raise (Bellinger).
5 commentsJochen
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,63 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,
avers:- AVT-K-KΛAVΔIOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LA, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding rudder in right hand.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg63 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine

Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0163 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)63 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
Antoninus Pius denarius63 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 63 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 63 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ř33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
137-161 AD - Antoninus Pius - RIC III 969 var - TR POT XX COS IIII S C63 viewsEmperor: Antoninus Pius (r. 137-161 AD)
Date: 156-157 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Dupondis

Emperor Antoninus Pius Father of the Country Second Imperatorial Acclamation
Bust left; radiate

Tribune Twentieth Term Consul Fourth Term; Minted by Senatorial Decree
Annona standing right, foot on prow, holding rudder on globe and modius.

Rome mint
Strack, Antoninus Pius 1128; var. RIC III 969
11.63g; 24.6mm; 15°
Apollonia Pontika63 views400 BC BMC 150-12 commentsGhengis_Jon
SPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I63 viewsSPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I, (1506-1516), copper dinero (type 2, with gothic lettering) struck in Zaragoza.
Thanks to Manzikert for attribution!

Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Cappadocia, AR Drachm, 52-42 BC.63 views
Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Silver Drachm

Obv: Ariobazarnes' diademed and beardless head, right facing.
Rev: Athena standing left, holding statuette of Nike in extended right, spear and shield in her left hand; star in crescent in inner left field, monogram in inner right; (illegible date in) exergue off flan: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AP[IOBAPZANOY] EYΣ[EBOY KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY], enclosing reverse in square pattern.

Exergue: Off flan: [KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY] and regnal date.

Mint: Mazaka or Eusebeia
Struck: 52-42 BC.

Size: 16.41 mm.
Weight: 3.5 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: As shown in photo.

Sear, 7304
Simonetta 3a
BMC Galatia, pg. 42, 4.
Magnia Urbica Ticinum63 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)63 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
63 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS63 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
Augustus RIC 21163 views27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius. Lugdunum mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 4.
R: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT; C L CAESARES in ex; Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing facing, each resting a hand on a shield. Crossed spears behind the shields. Simpulum on l. and lituus on r., X below.
RIC 211; BMC 537; RSC 43a.
ARCH, AUGUSTUS, RIC I : 510.63 viewsAR Cistophorus (Cistophoric Tetradrachm = 3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck 19 - 18 B.C.
Obverse: IMP•IX•TR•PO•V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
Diameter: 24 - 25mm | Weight: 11.7gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.). Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.
2 comments*Alex
Bactrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, 174 - 160 B.C.63 viewsSilver square drachm; (Bop.4a, Mitchner 207f, SNG ANS 303); 165 -160 B.C. Weight 2.3 g., Max side measurment 16.57 mm., Obv. ΣΩTHPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ around, Elephant stg. r., AV monogram below; Rev. Karosthi legend around, Zebu bull stg. r., A below;. Toned with light encrustation. 4 commentsSteve E
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165163 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1625. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1625 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.
BOUILLON & SEDAN63 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
2. Five knobbed base metal ring.63 views4.9 gm 24.4 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC
Measurement was taken without the knobs. The meaning of the knobs is not understood in modern times. The most obvious theory would be that they are related to the value of the ring money. However, a quick scan of the rings presented here clearly demonstrates that whatever value was represented could not be based on either dimension or weight. My own guess is that the value was controlled by dictum, perhaps by the priestly class. This particular example is considered scarce.
I5. Judaea, Procurator Issue63 viewsObv: ΝΕΡW ΚΛΑV KAICAP
Two oblong shields and two spears, crossed.
Six branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates.
Prutah 1.6 gm 16.5 mm 54 AD Sear (GIC) 5626 Hendrin 562
Comment: Struck by Antoninus Felix, Procurator of Judaea in the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Claudius and honors the heirs apparent i.e. Nero on the obverse and Brittanicus on the reverse.
BYZ D 1.jpg
Justinian I63 viewsAE follis. Justinian the Great , Carthage Mint, D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG Facing, cuirassed bust, cross to right, holding globe with cross. / Large M, ANNO XIIII at sides, + above, S below, CAR in exergue.
Sear 261

1 commentsTanit
Constantine63 viewsConstantine I. AE (21mm) Follis. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG laureate cuirassed bust right/ GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head turreted/towered?, loins draped, holding patera & cornucopiae.
RS in ex

RIC VI Rom 294a
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
My favorite Caligula63 viewsGaius Caligula AE As. Struck 37-8 AD. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left .
VESTA above, S C across field, Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre. Cohen 27.
2 commentsBritanikus
Caracalla 198-217 denarius63 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P.M.TR.P.XVII.COS.IIII.P.P. Apollo seated left resting hand on lyre
Ref. Sear 1835
Year 214AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

1 commentsBacchus
Caracalla - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST63 viewsObv:- M AVREL ANTONINVS CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

Caracalla, Pautalia. Serpent AE2963 viewsCaracalla
Ć29 (4 Assaria).
Obv: AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC, laureate bust right
Rev: OVΛΠIAC ΠAVTAΛIAC, Serpent coiled upward, head right.
Moushmov 4260
ex AAH

'Nice dark patina on one of my all-time favorite Caracalla types. It's just a nice type - & this is a decent example. Mine can be seen also in my Gallery * Caracalla & Agathedaemon Serpent ... '
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Cyzico 91G.jpg
A121B-05 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla63 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "VRBS ROMA" - Busto de Roma vistiendo yelmo coronado y con penacho de pluma y manto imperial, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Loba madre parada a izquierda dando de mamar a Romulo y Remo, a quienes mira. Dos estrellas sobre la loba. "SMKΓ" en exergo.

Acuńada 331 - 333/4 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzico (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Cyzicus) #91 Pag.656 - Cohen Vol.VII #17 Pag.330 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8305.k. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3894
Chedworth Baths Cold room.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 10, Bath complex, Cold room 63 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
Thrace, Cherronesos, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet, 63 viewsThrace, Cherronesos, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet,
avers:- Forepart of lion right, head turned back.
revers:- Quadripartite incuse with a pellet-pellet in the sunken quarters.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 2,36g, axis: 1h,
mint: Thrace, Cherronesos, date: cca. 400-350 B.C., ref: SNG-Cop-824-6,
Qianlong (1736 - 1795)63 views(or CH'IEN-LUNG)
Daniel F
Diocletian Coded - gamma with BI - Siscia - RIC 26363 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Diocletian and Jupiter sacrificing over a tripod; with gamma in left field and dot XXI dot BI dot in ex.cscoppa
Anonymous Class H, time of Michael VII63 viewsAnonymous Class H, time of Michael VII
AE Follis
Ob: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, raising right hand in benediction
Rv: Patriarchal cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornament in lower field
Minted 1071-1078 AD
7.30g / 24mm
Ref: Sear 1880
Scotvs Capitis
Antoninus Pius As. RIC 880v.63 viewsRIC 880v. Antoninus Pius As.150-151 AD. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. / TR POT XIIII COS IIII S-C, ANNONA AVG in ex, Annona seated left, holding corn-ears over modius, and cornucopiae. This bust type is not listed in RIC or Strack for Annona reverse, but is known to be in use at the time of mintage. (Per Curtis Clay) Very rare coin.
WW example coin.
Coin #147
1 commentscars100
Julia Domna, Istros63 viewsJulia Domna,
Ć 22-25.5mm; 9.78g; MOESIA INFERIOR, Istros

draped bust right

sea-eagle perched on the dolphin, both to left

Moushmov 172
1 commentsarizonarobin
German, Cologne, Heinrich I. Molenark, (1225-1238 A.D.), Havernick 647, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 63 viewsGerman, Cologne, Heinrich I. Molenark, (1225-1238 A.D.), Havernick 647, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +HENRIC...., Archbishop entrhoned, wearing mitre, holding crozier and book.
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Nimbate bust of saint (Peter?) facing, holding 2 cross-topped flags. Over him a tower with 2 pointed gables.
diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 1,44g, axis:11h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 647,
Colombia63 viewsKm212.2 - 10 Centavos - 1956
Km226 - 10 Centavos - 1967
Km215.1 - 20 Centavos - 1956
Km246.1 - 20 Centavos - 1971
Km281.1 - 10 Pesos - 1989
Km282.1 - 20 Pesos - 1991
Km272 - 50 Pesos - 1989
Km283.2 - 50 Pesos - 2003
Daniel F
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 63 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuńada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
Constantine I IOVI CONSERVATOI AVGG NN RIC VI Siscia 23463 viewsFollis, 20x22mm, 3.56g.

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI CON-SERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupier standing L with victory and sceptre, eagle with wreath at his feet. A in R. field.

Exe: SIS (Siscia, Officina 1).

RIC VI 234, early 313, C.
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.63 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
Before and after Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ63 views Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Ć20
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Apollo standing left, leaning on tripod, extending right hand towards serpent.
1 commentsMaritima
Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust left
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 216 r2
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 124.jpg
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII 12463 viewsAE3, 18mm, 3.69g.

Obverse: C-RISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate and Cuirassed bust L, with spear and shield.

Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard with VOT/XX, bound captive on either side.

Exe: P*T (Ticinum)

RIC VII 124, 319-20, R4.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 63 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Domitian RIC-42763 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome mint, 86 AD
RIC 427 (R), BMC p. 318 note, RSC 186
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Acquired from MNS, May 2014.

This denarius from the first issue of 86 recording Domitian's 11th imperial acclamation from the previous Autumn, due to the First Dacian War, can be somewhat closely dated between 1 January and the Spring (he received his 12th imperial acclamation between 17 March and 13 May). Later in 86 Domitian personally conducted the Second Dacian War due to severe reverses when two legates were lost in succession. This was the year the denarius coinage settled down into a consistent pattern which would be repeated year after year for the rest of the reign - an unadorned portrait on the obverse with the four standard Minerva types dominating the reverse. There would be exceptions to this of course, but they would be few and far between.

Stylistically the coin is pleasing, similar to those from 85. Hints of rainbow toning can be detected in hand as well.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
14 - 16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 63 viewsAR Denario 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuńada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)63 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Espańoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuńada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
diadumenian_ byblos_rouvier699.jpg
Phoenicia, Byblos, Diadumenian, Rouvier 69963 viewsDiadumenian, Caesar, mid May 218 - 8. June 218
AE 24, 10.81g
bare head, bust, cuirassed, r.
rev. BYB - LOY / IERAC (in exergue)
distyle temple, covered by an arch decorated by shell-like swags, in which Astarte is standing r., with polos on head, spear in r. hand and foot on prow, crowned with wreath by Nike, standing on column r. before her.
BMC 40-43; Rouvier 699
scarce, about VF(?)
added to

ASTARTE, a major Northwest-Semitic goddess, was cognate with the East-Semitic goddess Ishtar. She was connected with fertility, sexuality and war. She was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite. Cyprus, one of Aphrodite's main cult centers supplied the name Cypris as Aphrodite's most common byname.

BYBLOS , one of her important cult centers and therefore called 'the Holy Byblos', in ancient times was the most important port of export for Egyptian papyros to Greece. Therefore Greek biblos = book, and The Holy Bible!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
2 commentsJochen
Tyre - attic didrachm63 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
domitian RIC121.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88-89 AD63 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS (laureate head right)
rev: Minerva advancing right, aiming javelin and holding shield, COSX IIII across fields
ref: RIC II 121 (S), BMC 141, C.67 (6frcs)
3.17gms, 19mm
mint: Rome

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88-89 AD.
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 Vespasian 921 (C2), RSC II 47, BMCRE II 193, BnF III 169, SRCV I 2637]63 viewsSilver denarius, choice gF, 3.350g, 19.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, as caesar early 76 - early 77 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg

Nice portrait, toned, and perfect centering.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220
Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta), 193–217 CE63 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 211 CE, 3.30g. BM 33a (p. 435), RIC-, RSC 251a (C.L. Clay and Vienna). Obv: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG; draped bust right. Rx: VOTA PVBLICA; Pietas (Julia?) standing left, dropping incense on lighted altar and holding open box.

Notes: Rare; none in Reka Devnia. A specimen was purchased by the British Museum in 1973; another in the G.R. Arnold Collection sold in the Glendining sale (21 November 1984), lot 113 (a pair of denarii), pl. V (this type illustrated); hammer price for the lot Ł120.
2 commentsMichael K5
Domitian RIC-10063 viewsAR Denarius, 3.18g
Rome mint, 82 AD
RIC 100 (C), BMC 27, RSC 596
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P; Seat. draped; above, semicircular frame decorated with three crescents
Acquired from Lanz, eBay, 23 March 2012.

A denarius which is part of the first precious metal issue of 82 minted at Rome and the last before the increased fineness of the denarii later that same year. The reverse is a carry over pulvinar type from Titus' reign. This is the last time this type was minted by Domitian before the overhaul of the mint.

A decent coin in good metal.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
EUBOEA, Histiaea. Circa 196-146 BC63 viewsAR Tetrobol
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaea right
Reverse: ISTI-AIEON, nymph seated right on prow; wing on galley
1.4 g, 13 mm

exNumismatic Lanz.
1 commentsCGPCGP
Vespasian AE As 76 AD63 viewsIMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII, laureate bust right
Spes standing left holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
RIC 583a
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. 0.4gms. 9mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
3 commentsDino
D Junius Brutus Albinus Denarius 48 B.C.63 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 427, Sydenham 942, Crawford 450/2, RSC I Postumia 10, VF, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse head of Pietas right, hair in a bun, cruciform earring and pearl necklace, PIETAS behind; reverse clasped hands holding winged caduceus, ALBINVS·BRVTI·F below; Lovely dark toning with iridescent blue highlights.

Ex Hess / Divo 314
Ex Moneta Nova
Not the famous Brutus but still one of the assasins of Caesar.
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Elagabalus AE from Nikopolis63 viewsObv: AVT M AVP ANTONINOC AVG - Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: ...NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITEW... - Triptolemos riding right in biga of winged serpents.
Mint: Nikopolis
Ref: Moushmov 1446
Notes: Rare
5 commentsoa
Elagabalus, Nikopolis, Concordia, Æ2763 viewsgovernor Novius Rufus
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD.
Ć 27mm (13.04 g).
obv: AVT K M AVPN - ANTONEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: VΠ NOBIOV ROVΦO - V NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO, CIC TP - ON in field, Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
AMNG 1968; SNG Budapest -. Near VF, dark brown patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
FA027139-0100110-I444. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.63 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars left, carrying spear and shield.
Mint marks:
24.0mm; 2.7g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
Unlisted in RIC.
L. Farsuleius Mensor, Crawford 392/1b63 viewsL. Farsuleius Mensor, gens Farsuleia
AR - denar, 18 mm, 3.96 gm.
Rome 75 BC
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Libertas r., wearing ear-rings and necklace.
S C and pileus behind
MENSOR before
rev. Armed and helmeted warrior, holding spear, takes togated person into his
biga, driving r.
CXV under horses
L. FARSVLEI in exergue.
Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
about VF, obv. slightly excentric
ex Lakeview coll.

The reverse depiction is heavily propagandistic. It could be related to the 'Lex Iulia de civitate sociis dandi', introduced by the consul L. Caesar (not Julius Caesar!) in 90 BC and offering Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italian municipia who had not raised arms against Rome in the Italian War (Social War).

Another possibilitiy is that it is related to to the recruitment of military troops needed for the wars in Spain (against Sertorius) and against Mithradates in Asia.

In the 1st case it is Roma taking the Roman allies in her biga, in the other case it could be Mars taking the Roman citizens in his war chariot.
2 commentsJochen
Faustina Junior, Altar63 viewsAR Denarius

Draped bust right

unadorned large altar

RIC 746
2 commentsarizonarobin
Faustina 63 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
Tapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036, 63 viewsTapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036,
The flat bow decorated by zigzag (sinusoid).
size: 55x24x22mm,
weight: 9,20g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic T-I/5var,
Roman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #07463 viewsRoman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #074
size: 32x15x14mm,
weight: 5,84g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93
Zoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #15963 viewsZoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #159
size: 22x18mm,
weight: 3,25g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: Typology: Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var.,
distribution: ???,
Aelia Flaccilla-Salvs Reipvblicae AE2-Not in RIC63 viewsAttribution-Aelia Flaccilla 378-388 AD. Van Meter 5

Obv.AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG- Draped bust right, in elaborate headdress, necklace,
& mantle
REV. SALVS REI-PVBLICAE- Empress standing facing, arms folded over chest
LF. Branch
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #163 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
gabriel bathory.jpg
TRANSYLVANIA - Gabriel Bathory63 viewsTransylvania - Prince Gabriel Bathori, Prince of Transylvania (1608-13), Voivode of Wallachia (1611).
Minted in Baia Mare/ Nagybánya; mintmark NB, silver groschen, 1612. Eagle with Bathory coat of arms;
Prince's Crown. KM #72.
gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 16363 viewsAE17-22mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: APOLLINI CONS AVG. Centaur walking right , drawing back on bow
EX :: not visible
RIC V-1, Rome 163
Purchased 08/2008

2 commentsJohnny
238-244 AD - Gordian III - Jupiter Sestertius63 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Laureate, draped and curaissed bust right
IOVISTATORI SC - naked Jupiter standing, head right, holding thunderbolt and scepter

Rome mint, ric 298, 23.8 gms 28-32 mm
GORDIAN III AR antoninianus - struck in the begining 241 (?) AD63 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: LIBERALITAS AVG IIII (Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopia)
ref: RIC IViii 137, C.147
mint: Rome
2.74gms, 22mm
Special issue: 2nd consulate (?)
GOSLAR63 viewsGOSLAR - 1749 1 Leichter (light) Pfennig. Cu. Obv.: Radiate madonna, GOSLAR below. Rev.: *1*/LEICHTER/PFENNIG/1749dpaul7
Claudius II Gothicus Egypt Bronze Tetradrachm63 viewsFirst ancient coin in my collection.1 commentsPtolemAE
Hadrian Alexandria.jpg
Hadrian - Alexandria - Serapis and Cerberus63 viewsAE26 Billon Tetradrachm, 13.55 g, 26 mm, 12 h, 125-126 AD

Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: L-ΔE-KATOV
Serapis standing facing right, left hand holding long sceptre; Cerberus before

Alexandria mint

Koln 914, Milne 1145, Emmett 891
2 commentsdrjbca
hadrian63 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian denarius63 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
bare headed bust of Hadrian right with with light drapery on far shoulder

Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae

Rome 137 AD

Sear 3507, RIC 256


3 commentsJay GT4
Hadrian Denarius63 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian RIC II, 15763 viewsHadrian 117 - 138
AR - Denar, 3.20g, 18mm
AD 125 - 128
bust with drapery on l. shoulder, laureate head r.
rev. COS III
Neptun standing l., cloak over r. thigh, r. foot on prora, holding
trident in l. hand, leaning with r. ellbow on r. knee and
holding dolphin in r. hand
RIC II, 157 var; C.710
added to

var. because normally Neptun is holding sceptre in l. hand!
1 commentsJochen
1837 Hard Times Token63 views1837 Hard Times Token, Obv: Man emerging from chest, holding bag of loot and sword, I TAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY in field around border; Rev: Mule with VETO below, ROMAN FIRMNESS above, THE CONSTITUTION AS I UNDERSTAND IT in field around border, Very Fine.Molinari
Hieron II63 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26 Litra.
Obverse- Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Reverse- Horseman prancing right, holding spear. Monogram in lower right field. In exergue: IEPONOS.
Sear 1222 var; SNG ANS 924, 26mm, 16.5g.
GREEK63 viewsAR tetrobol. Histiaia (Euboia) c. 196-146 BC. 2,41 grs. Head of the nymph Histaia right wearing earring s and necklace / Nymph seated right on stern of galley. Star before foot . IΣTIAIEΩN.
BCD -. SNG Copenhagen -.
1 commentsbenito
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire63 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,63 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,
avers:- C-VALENS-HOSTIL-MES-QVINTVS-N-C, radiate, draped bust right,
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS, Hostilian standing left, holding spear & standard.
exe: ,diameter: 20 mm, weight: 3,56 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-181d , p-144 ,C-34, Scarce,
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A163 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .45 g., 15-16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • V]NGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets at sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
ACHAIA, Aigieon. 37-31 BC.63 viewsAE hexachalkon (5.67 g)
Theoxios and Kletaios, magistrates.
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Zeus standing right, holding eagle on outstretched arm and preparing to cast thunderbolt; ΘEOΞIOΣ KΛHTAIOΣ around. Kroll, Bronze 2; BCD Peloponnesos 436.

Located along the northern coast of the Peloponnesos, Achaia was a narrow territory between Sicyon and Elis. One theory suggests that Achaia’s original inhabitants were driven to the area from Achaia Phthoitis, which itself was located across the Gulf of Corinth in southern Thessaly. A number of prehistoric and Mycenaean ruins in the western part of the Achaia indicate that the district was long inhabited, even into remote antiquity. Twelve city-states were located there: Aigai, Aigira, Aigion, Bura, Dyme, Helike, Olenos, Patrai, Pherai, Pelene, Rhypes, and Tritaia. Achaian colonies were established in Magna Graecia at Kroton, Kaulonia, Metapontion, and Sybaris. From the mid-5th century onward, much of the history of Achaia is interconnected with the Achaian League.
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/563 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. .4gms. 8mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
1 commentsDino
VRBS Roma (330-335 A.D.)63 viewsAv.: VRBS ROMA
Rv.: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus
Ex.: TRP

AE Follis Ř17-19 / 2.7g
RIC VII 561 Trier
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain63 viewsCorrect units of measurementJohn Schou
Kingdom of Jerusalem63 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem -- Imitation of Ayyubids of Damascus. Al-Salih Ismail, 1237, 1240-45 AD. AR Dirham. 1.8 gm. 20 mm.dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Mamaea Denarius, RIC IVb 36063 viewsRome mint, Julia Mamaea Denarius, 222-235 A.D. AR 20mm 3.13g, RIC IVb 360, RSC 81, BMC 381
O: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
R: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, & holding palladium scepter
Judaea, Alexander Jannaeus, TJC Q463 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103-76 BC
AE - Prutah, 2.17g, 13.99mm, 330°
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines in laurel wreath:
יהונ / תןהכהן / הגדלוח / ברהיהו / דימ
from r. to l.:
= Yehonatan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehonatan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double Cornucopiae with ribbons, between horns a pomegranate, in dotted circle (very schematical depiction)
Hendin 474; AJC Fa4; TJC Q4
VF, nice sandpatina
judaea_hyrcanusI_Hendin 455cf.jpg
Judaea, Johannes Hyrcanus I, TJC B1363 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan), 135-104 BC
AE - Prutah, 14.53mm, 2.17g, 0°
struck in Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines within laurel wreath:
יהוחנן / הכהןהג / דלוחברה / יהדי / מ
from r. to l.:
YHW(Ch)NN / H KHN H G / DL W (Ch)BR H / YHDY / M
= Yehochanan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehochanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double cornucopiae, coming from a floral base, filled with fruits and a grain-ear each, decorated with ribbons hanging down, a pomegranate with long stalk between horns, in dotted circle
ref. Hendin cf. 455/7; AJC Na29; TJC B13
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #163 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFF-P,
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,67g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
Julian II 'The Philosopher' (as Augustus)63 views361-363 AD
AE3 (19.8mm, 3.12g)
O: Diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding shield and spear; DN FL CL JVLIANVS AVG.
R: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; NIK[A] below.
Nicomedia mint, officina A.
RIC VIII Nicomedia, 123; ERIC II Julian 422; Elmer 132; Sear 4074v
Some smoothing, re-patinated.
ex Nemesis Ancients

"The end and aim of the Cynic philosophy, as indeed of every philosophy, is happiness, but happiness that consists in living according to nature, and not according to the opinions of the multitude. "
~ Julian
3 commentsEnodia
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171863 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
Turkey, Kaunos - the Theatre63 viewsA nicely proportioned theatre of the Greek type, with 34 rows of seats (18 below the diazoma and 16 above). The two arched entrances are original. Abu Galyon
Late-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE63 viewsLate-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE
exergo: SMNK ??
diameter: 19mm
weight: 2,11g
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Thessalonica63 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Wearing Loros, Holding Scepter and Globus Cruciger
Large Module
Sear 2055
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!63 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-CAESS, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,, R1!,
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #263 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//ε SIS •, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: a?,
Licinius * Jupiter, Æ Follis - 313-315 AD.63 views
Licinius * Jupiter, Bronze Follis

Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG * Laureate head right facing
Rev: IOVI CON - SERVATORI * Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, and scepter in his left hand, with an Eagle holding a wreath in beak at his feet, to the right, Monogram A in the right field.

Exergue: SIS

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 313-315 AD.

Size: 21 mm.
Weight: 3.83 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful. Dark patina and great clarity in all. Much nicer in hand than the image shows.

The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, 8
(RIC 8)

Licinius I SECURITAS London mint63 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
Lucius Verus denarius Pax.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus, AR denarius63 views1 commentsOptimus
L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio - Calpurnia-5a63 viewsRoman Republic. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio. 100 B.C. AR Denarius. (3.922 grams 17mm). Obverse: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, harpa; around, PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Reverse: Two male figures (Quaestors) seated on bench (subsellium) side by side; to l. and r., corn-ear; in exergue, AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Sydenham 603, Crawford 330/1a, RCV 210, RSC Calpurnia-5a2 commentsBud Stewart
L. Marcus Philippus - Marcia-2863 viewsL Marcus Philippus AR denarius (3.73 gm). 56 BC. Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus hehind, ANCVS below / equestrian statue on aquaduct, AQVA MAR between arches, PHILLIVS behind. Marcia 28, Sydenham 919, Crawford 425/1, RCV 382 Bud Stewart
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue63 viewsSilver drachm, Price 2090; Müller Alexander 763; SNG Cop 895; SNG Alpha Bank 629; SNG Saroglos 771; SNG München -, Choice gVF, superb style, toned, centered, bumps and marks, Ionia, Miletos mint, weight 4.004g, maximum diameter 18.0mm, die axis 0o, 325 - 323 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg forward, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter topped with lotus vertical behind in left hand, ∆H monogram left.

Lifetime issue. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most Alexander coins were issued after his death.

Coin is also listed at ; Superb and Masterpiece Portraits Gallery

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
3 commentsSam
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa, AR denarius63 viewsOptimus
Stobi, Makedonia63 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AE 24 Diassaria
Obverse legend lost: countermark M•ST
Reverse legend partially lost, but still can read: STO B(I)
90 - 01 - MARIO 268 D.C.63 viewsAE Antoninianus 21 mm 2.82 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a der.
Rev: "VICTO[RIA] AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izq., portando una corona de hojas de olivo en mano der. y hoja de palma en izq.

Acuńada 268 D.C.
Ceca: II Indeterminada
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.Vb #17 Pag.378 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11123 Pag.378 - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.89 - DVM #7 Pag.269 - Cunetio #2508/9 - Hunter #9 - Schulzki #7b - AGK #7a/8a - Elmer #637/8/9 - Mairat #239
1 commentsmdelvalle
Mars Vltor Blsd dup63 viewsObverse: IMPALEXANDERPIUSAVG
Bust radiate right, slightly draped left shoulder
Reverse: MARS_V_LTOR, SC left and right in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, cloak behind, running right, holding transverse spear upright in right hand and shield on left arm
BMC 844*, pl. 28 (Glasgow, obv. legend unbroken), RIC 636
Weight, 15.00g; die axis, 6h.
2 commentsmix_val
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,63 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG-G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Maximianus coded - A with HP - RIC V, 582 var.63 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 4.37g, 23.2mm
Siscia 1. officina, 290
bare bust, radiate head r.
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, shouldering club and lion's skin, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
l. field: A
exergue: dot XXI dot HP dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 582 var., unrecorded; not in Cohen
R; good VF, rest of silvering, thick flan
added to

RIC 582 has obv. legend only P AVG, and bust type 'cuirassed' not 'bare'!

HP, 1st group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at
2 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I, Denarius63 viewsMaximinus I 235-238 A.D.

RIC 19
2 commentsBarry
Medieval, #12,63 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Medieval, #02,63 viewsMedieval, #02,quadrans
moneta 424.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius II, Cyzicus - RIC VIII 11663 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back, wearing cap, unbearded.
left field: *
exergue: SMK?
Struck 355-361 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VIII 116 (officinae unknown)
Van Meter 100
moneta 578.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Aquileia - RIC VII 5763 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
rev: VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT XX. Two captives seated on either side of standard inscribed VOT XX.
left field: S
right field: F
exergue: dot AQP dot
Struck 320 A.D. at Aquileia
RIC VII 57 (R4)
Van Meter 92
Lydia, Mostene, Tyche / Hermes, AE1863 views18mm, 3.39g
obv: ΛV - ΔΩN; turreted and draped bust of Tyche right
rev: MOCT - HNΩN; Hermes standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys, holding caduceus and purse, at his feet to left, ram

SNG Aulock -; BMC -; SNG Leypold -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; SNG Tübingen -; SNG München -
Neron Semis.jpg
14-08 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)63 viewsAE Semis 20 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERO CAESAR AVG" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAX TR POT IMP P - S C" - Roma con yelmo sentada a izquierda Sobre una coraza militar, portando una corona en mano derecha levantada y Parazonium (espada militar corta, ancha y sin punta, que llevaban los Jefes militares como seńal de distinción) en izquierda.

Acuńada 66 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: NO LISTADA, EN TODOS LOS CASOS DIFIEREN EN LA LEYENDA DEL REVERSO (una sola P) - RIC Vol.1 #549 var Pag.182 - BMCRE #402 var - Cohen Vol.1 #237 var Pag.295 - DVM #35 var Pag.87

Mr. Curtis Clay says:
"IMP P in place of IMP P P appears with some frequency on Lugdunese bronzes of Nero, but not often enough to justify the belief that it was intentional. I attribute it to carelessness, not planning ahead and running out of space before the intended legend was complete.
Nonetheless the error seems to be unrecorded for this particular type, so it is also "unpublished"!"
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,63 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,
avers:- NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP, Laureate head right.
revers:- CER-QVINQ-ROM-CO, SC in ex, mark of value S on table, urn and a wreath set on a table, two griffins on front panel, round shield resting against leg.
exergo: -/-//S-C, diameter: 18mm, weight: 4,35g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 A.D., ref: RIC-234, C-47,
Septimius Severus from Nikopolis63 viewsSeptimius Severus AE18 (3.1 g) from Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Obv: AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛIT-ΩN-ΠPOC IC, Nike with spread wings, leaning on column with left arm, holding a long palm in left arm and a wreath (?) in right hand.
Pick, AMNG I, 1, p. 378, no. 1371.
1 commentsPscipio
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"63 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
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