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Nero to Trajan61 viewsA virtual tray showing coins as they are actually displayed in my collection
Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
1 commentsPotator II
Mysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,61 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Gallienus, Sestertius61 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right
CONCORDIA EXERCIT, Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia and patera.
18.5 gr
Ref : RIC # 209, Göbl # 15dd, Cohen #132, RCV #10467
1 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus Silvered Antoninianus61 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue. MIR only records 2 examples of this variety
Mark Z
Thrace, Hadriannopolis, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Varbanov II 3354, AE-18, AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITON, Bunch of grapes,61 viewsThrace, Hadriannopolis, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Varbanov II 3354, AE-18, AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVK•Λ•CEΠ•CEV•H•POC, Laureate head right.
revers:-AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITON, Bunch of grapes.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,40g, axis: 1 h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: 193-211 A.D., ref:Varbanov II 3354, p-277,
05. Philip III.61 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits,61 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits,
avers: M-OΠEΛΛIOC-ANTΩNEINOC (NE are ligate), Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right – seen from behind.
revers: MAPKIANOΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1. No. 1317, AMNG I 807, p.252,
Constantius, Follis - 007061 viewsCyzicus mint, 2nd officina
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, genius standing left, KB at exergue
9.65 gr
Constance Chlore, follis, Ref : Cohen # 102, SUP
Potator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius II Gothicus Antoninianus61 viewsRIC Vb 225 Antioch 268 A.D.
3.42 g, 20 mm x 21 mm
IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate head left
VIRTVS AVG, Minerva standing right, holding spear, resting hand on shield
Mark Z
Bithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #161 viewsBithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, Antioch, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,61 views076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, Antioch, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-VI-COS-PP, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!!
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius II61 viewsConstantius II AE3. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards between them, RBT in ex.3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
116 Carinus.JPG
Carinus Alexandian Tet.61 viewsAE Tetradrachm, 282-283 AD
Obv: AKMA KAPINOC CEB, Laureate draped bust right.
Rev: ETOVC, Nike advancing right, holding wreath.
2 commentsjdholds
135- Elagabalus Moushmov 617.JPG
Elagabalus Moushmov 61761 viewsAE 27, Markianopolis, 218-222 AD
Obv: AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC , Laureate head right.
Rev:VP IOVL ANT CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLITWN. Nike advancing left with wreath and palm.
27mm, 12.1 gm
Moushmov 617.
2 commentsjdholds
German states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A.61 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A. Crowned R divides date / 24 EINEN THALER A above sprigs.

KM 15
German States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer.61 viewsGerman States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer. MAX.IOS.H.L.B.C.&, head right / crowned arms divides value and date.

KM 310 var.
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius61 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
Germany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1939-A. 61 viewsGermany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1939-A. 1847-1934 PAUL VON HINDENBURG, head right / DEUTSCHES REICH 1939, Eagle perched on wreath containing swastika divides value.

KM 93
Sear 198761 viewsOrthodoxcoins
2. King Aretas IV Philopatris 9 BC-40 AD and Queen Shaquilath 61 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,type 112,113,114 , SNG ANS 1438–43
Obv: Jugate busts of Aretas IV & Queen Shaquilath, Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Aretas/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
Size: AE17mm
2 commentsbrian l
KAI and laureate head61 viewsSAMARIA. Caesarea Maritima. Nero. Æ 23. A.D. 68 (year 14 of the reign of Nero). Obv: (NEPΩNKAIΣAPΣEBAΣTOΣ). Laureate head right, star in front; countermark on head (1). Rev: (KAIΣAPIAHΠPOΣΣEBAΣTΩΛIMENI) or similar, LIΔ in field. Figure (Tyche?) standing left, holding human bust and standard; countermark (2) on figure. Ref: RPC 6842; Sear GIC 629. Axis: 360°. Weight: 10.49 g. CM(1): KAI in rectangular punch, 8 x 6 mm. Howgego 543 (18 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably applied in A.D. 68/68, before the city became colony under Vespasian, to validate coins of Nero. CM(2): Laureate head right, in circular punch, 4 mm. Howgego 115 (12 pcs). Note: Likely applied at the same time as countermark (1). In fact, Howgego notes that it may well be the case that all coins bearing countermark (1) also bear countermark (2) and vice-versa. Collection Automan.Automan
241 Constantius II.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 216, Siscia61 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Bust: Laurerate head right
Campgate, no doors, 10 rows, with arches and dots in top row. 2 turrets, star above.
Exe: epsilon SIS (double crescent)
Date: 321-329 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "C3"
Trophy61 viewsCILICIA. Uncertain colonial mint. Octavian. Æ 19 (Semis). Ca 31-30 B.C. Obv: (P)RINCEPSFELIX. Bare head right; countermark on neck. Rev: COLONIA-(IVLIA-IIVIR). Two humpded oxen pulling plow to left; in field to left two monograms: (1) VE, (2) TER. Ref: RPC 4083. Axis: 270°. Weight: 5.59 g. Note: The mint has been the subject of some discussion. The monograms of the revers refer to the names of the duovirs. CM: Trophy in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego - (3 pcs in RPC, though). Collection Automan.Automan
MARCO ANTONIO, denario (43-31 a.C.) Legio V61 viewsMarco Antonio (83-30 a.C.), denario.
AR, gr. 3,7; mm 18,2; 180°; BB/qBB,
D/ LEG V, Aquila legionaria tra stendardi.
R/ ANT AVG III VIR R P C, galera.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 gennaio 2008, numero catalogo 70); ex Artemide aste (San Marino, 2007).
2 commentspaolo
314 Valens.jpg
Valens, RIC IX 9b iii(b), Aquileia61 viewsObv: DN VALENS PF AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm branch
Exe: SMAQS B over (dot) in field left
Date: 364-367 AD
Mint: Aquiliea
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC IX 9b type iii (b)
Rated "C"
Lydia, Nakrasa, Herakles/ coiled serpent around omphalos61 views16mm, 2.75g, 180°
obv: bearded head of Herakles right
rev: NAKPACEΩN, serpent coiled around omphalos

SNG Aulock 3033 var; SNG Leypold 1093 var; SNG München 335 var; SNG Cop 295, BMC Lydia p. 164, 6 var, Weber 6858 var (referenced coins all have magistrate's name on obverse which is not present on this coin); SNG Tübingen -


dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
Victorinus61 viewsNervousRex
SALUS AUGUSTI - Emperor Gordian III - AD 24061 viewsGordian III AR Denarius. 240 AD.
obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
rev: SALVS AVGVSTI - Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake.

RIC 129a, RSC 325.

Comment: Last issue of the AR Denarius produced for mass circulation in the Roman Empire.
This was a special issue of six (RIC 115, 127, 129-131) struck marking the marriage of
Gordian III to Sabinia Tranquillina in the summer of 240.
AE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #1and #261 viewsAE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #1and #2
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
Q-001, Q-002,
Roman ??? AE object #00161 viewsRoman ??? AE object #001
type: Roman ??? AE object,
size: 55x38,5x4,5mm,
weight: 22,58g,
date: A.D.,
ref: ???,
distribution: ???,
Aelia Flaccilla61 viewsAE4
Uncertain mint, 378-388 A.D.
13mm, 1.20g

Draped with elaborate head-dress, necklace, and mantle, bust right.

Victory seated right, writing Chi-Rho on shield resting on small column.
L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus - denarius61 viewsL. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. 62 BC. AR Denarius, 3.68 g; obv. Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA around; rev. L Aemilius Paullus standing to right of trophy, Perseus and his two sons captive on the left, PAVLVS in ex. Crawford 415/1, Syd. 926.

2 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)61 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Agrippina Orichalcum Sestertius61 viewsAGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS
Draped bust of Agrippina right

around large SC

Rome circa 42 AD

Issued by Claudius


RIC 102; C. 3; BMC 219.


6 commentsJay GT4
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great AR Tetradrachm61 viewsAmphipolis mint (315-294 BC).
Price 481
1 commentsMinos
Alexander III, tetradrachm, Alabanda61 viewsAlexander III (336-323 BC)
AR tetradrachm 33x30mm, 16.32 g
Alabanda, ca. 169/8.
Head of Heracles right in lion-skin headdress
ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡοΥ, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and grasping scepter, Pegasus alighting left before, date E (Year 5) under throne
Price 2464.

ex Freeman & Sear

1 commentsareich
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, Elpis left, L-B across the field,61 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, Elpis left, L-B across the field,
avers:- A-K-M-A-OVA-MAΞIMIANOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-B, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 8,17g, axes:0 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 286-287 A.D.,L-B year 2., ref: Geissen-3286, Dattari-5875, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.17-p-352,
Alexander III 61 viewsMacedonian AE18 - Price 2102Ghengis_Jon
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-186, #0361 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-186, #03
avers: Crowned head facing, in pointed arch between two towers, border of dots.
revers: Cross with stars in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,1 mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-186, CHN-1-220, Huszar-260,
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica61 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
Antíoco IV, Epiphanes.jpg
08-02 - Anti­oco IV, Epiphanes (175 - 164 A.C.)61 viewsAntíoco IV Epífanes (Αντίοχος Επιφανής en griego, 215 adC-163 adC) fue rey de Siria de la dinastía Seléucida desde c. 175 adC-164 adC.
Era hijo de Antíoco III Megas y hermano de Seleuco IV Filopator. Originalmente fue llamado Mitríades, pero adoptó el nombre de Antíoco tras su ascensión al trono (o quizás tras la muerte de su hermano mayor, también Antíoco).
Subió al trono tras la muerte de su hermano Seleuco IV Filopátor que gobernó durante poco tiempo antes que él, hasta que Heliodoro, tesorero suyo, lo mató por ambición. Había vivido en Roma según los términos de la paz de Apamea (188 adC), pero acababa de ser intercambiado por el hijo y legítimo heredero de Seleuco IV, el futuro (Demetrio I Sóter). Antíoco se aprovechó de la situación, y junto con su otro hermano Antíoco, se proclamó rey con el apoyo de Eumenes II de Pérgamo y el hermano de éste, Atalo I. Su hermano Antíoco sería asesinado pocos años después.
Por su enfrentamiento con Ptolomeo VI, que reclamaba Coele-Syria, atacó e invadió Egipto, conquistando casi todo el país, con la salvedad de la capital, Alejandría. Llegó a capturar al rey, pero para no alarmar a Roma, decicidió reponerlo en el trono, aunque como su marioneta. Sin embargo, los alejandrinos habían elegido al hermano de éste, Ptolomeo VII Euergetes como rey, y tras su marcha decidieron reinar conjuntamente. Esto le obligó a reinvadir el país, y así el 168 adC, repitiendo la invasión, con su flota conquistaba Chipre. Cerca de Alejandría se encontró con el cónsul romano Cayo Popilio Laenas, instó a abandonar Egipto y Chipre. Cuando Antíoco replicó que debía consultarlo con su consejo, Popilio trazó un círculo en la arena rodeándole y le dijo: "píensalo aquí". Viendo que abandonar el círculo sin haber ordenado la retirada era un desafío a Roma decidió ceder con el fin de evitar una guerra.
A su regreso, organizó una expedición contra Jerusalén, qué saqueo cruelmente. Según él Libro de los Macabeos, promulgó varias ordenanzas de tipo religioso: trató de suprimir el culto a Yahveh, prohibió el judaísmo suspendiendo toda clase de manifestación religiosa y trató de establecer el culto a los dioses griegos. Pero el sacerdote judío Matatías y sus dos hijos llamados Macabeos consiguieron levantar a la población en su contra y lo expulsaron. La fiesta judía de Jánuca conmemora este hecho.
Antíoco, en campaña contra el Imperio Parto, envió varios ejércitos sin éxito. Mientras organizaba una expedición punitiva para retomar Israel personalmente le sobrevino la muerte. Le sucedió su hijo Antíoco V Eupátor.
Su reinado fue la última época de fuerza y esplendor para el Imperio Seleúcida, que tras su muerte se vio envuelto en devastadoras guerras dinásticas. (Wikipedia)

AE (Canto aserrado) 15 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: Busto velado de Laodicea IV (Esposa de Seleuco IV y Hermana de Antíoco IV) viendo a der. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY" - Cabeza de elefante a izquierda, proa de galera a izquierda (El elefante simboliza las aspiraciones orientales de los reyes de Seleucia además de ser una de las grandes armas de su arsenal y la proa su importancia como ciudad puerto).

Ceca: Seleucia de Pieria (Costa N. de Siria - Puerto de Antioquía) o Akke Ptolomais

Referencias : B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #3 Pag.43 - SC#1477.2 - Houghton #113 - HGS #684-6 Pag.9 - SNG Spaer #1017-40 - SNG Cop #184 - Hoover #685
1 commentsmdelvalle
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 61 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 61 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 158-159 AD61 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP (laureate head right)
rev: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST COS IIII (octastyle temple [8 columns] in which the statues of Augustus and Livia reside)
ref: RIC III 143D (R), Cohen 809 (8frcs)
3.01 gms, 18mm,

History: The Temple of Divus Augustus was built between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, behind the Basilica Julia. It is known from Roman coinage that the temple was originally built to an Ionic hexastyle design (see my Caligula sestertius). During the reign of Domitian the Temple of Divus Augustus was destroyed by fire but was rebuilt and rededicated in 89/90 with a shrine to his favourite deity, Minerva. The temple was redesigned as a memorial to four deified emperors, including Vespasian and Titus.
It was restored again in the late 150s by Antoninus Pius, who was perhaps motivated by a desire to be publicly associated with the first emperor. The exact date of the restoration is not known, but the restored temple was an octostyle design with Corinthian capitals and two statues - presumably of Augustus and Livia - in the cella. The pediment displayed a relief featuring Augustus and was topped by a quadriga. Two figures stood on the eaves of the roof, that on the left representing Romulus and the one on the right depicting Aeneas leading his family out of Troy, alluding to Rome's origin-myth. The steps of the temple were flanked by two statues of Victory.
1 commentsberserker
Arab Byz 2.jpg
Arab-Byzantine fals of Damascus (Syria)61 views[D]MSh[Q] (?) , Byzantine emperor standing facing holding long cross and globe with cross
ANO / X-II , large M, cross-shaped monogram above, ΔAM in exergue
Roman Empire, Philip II, AE As, Rome mint, struck 244-247 AD61 viewsM IVL PHILIPPVS CAES bare-headed draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C Philip II. standing left
RIC 256b; Cohen 50
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01966.jpg
58-12 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)61 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 30 mm 5.4 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "IC - XC" (Jesús Cristo) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con mano izquierda." * " en campo izquierdo.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOT " Emperador de pié de frente a izquierda vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Loros (Ropa elaboradamente adornada que constituye el vestido consular de los Emperadores). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda. A su derecha La Virgen de pié de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), con su mano derecha corona al Emperador.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1966 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.16.1-15, pl.17.1-4 - B.M.C.#40-51 - Ratto M.B.#2127/34 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #17-42
As Medallion Liberalitas III61 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

Athens Owl Tetradrachm61 viewsSilver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31 ff., SGCV I 2526, gVF, toned, Athens mint, weight 16.994g, maximum diameter 24.7mm, die axis 270o, c. 420 - 413 B.C.;
OBV: head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves;
REV: ΑΘΕ right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within incuse square;

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins

Click on the image for a large more detailed close-up picture.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Thasos AR Stater61 viewsObv: Satyr advancing right, carrying protesting nymph.
Rev: Quadripartite incuse square.
Mint: Thasos, Thrace
Year: Circa 550-450 BC
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi61 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, PAX type, #0161 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, PAX type, #01
avers:- - C-TERICVS-AVG-, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ..II-I-E-II-VG.., Pax (?) standing right, holding branch of peace and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
German States, Bavaria. Maximillian V, King Maximillan I, Joseph of Bavaria 1806 - 1825 copper pfennig 1810.61 viewsGerman States, Bavaria. Maximillian V, King Maximillan I, Joseph of Bavaria 1806 - 1825 copper pfennig 1810. Crowned arms / value and date.

KM 341
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165161 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1625. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1625 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.
Large Shield-shaped Belt Plate61 viewsI have not been able to identify this heavy bronze plate. It was fastened with four rivets, three of which remain. The shape is similar to that of a 1st to 2nd century Germanic shield.otlichnik
zoo61 viewsNervousRex
2. Five knobbed base metal ring.61 views4.9 gm 24.4 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC
Measurement was taken without the knobs. The meaning of the knobs is not understood in modern times. The most obvious theory would be that they are related to the value of the ring money. However, a quick scan of the rings presented here clearly demonstrates that whatever value was represented could not be based on either dimension or weight. My own guess is that the value was controlled by dictum, perhaps by the priestly class. This particular example is considered scarce.
C1. Vitellius, Scarce, Late April - 20 Dec 69 AD.61 viewsObv: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP
Bare head, right.
Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying on top and raven standing below.
Denarius, 3.28 gm, 17.9 mm, RIC 70.
Ex Beast Coins
E5. Singara, Mesopotamia (Gordian III)61 viewsObv: ΑVΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟΝ CΑΒ ΤΡΑΝΚVΛΛΙΝΑ CЄΒ
Gordian III and Tranquillina as confronted busts.
Tyche seated left on rock holding branch with river god swimming at her feet. The centaur, Sagittarius, above facing left and discharging bow.
30 gm 32.2 mm 238-244 AD Sear (GIC) 3804
M1. Parium, Mysia (Tiberius)61 viewsObv: TI AVG
Bare bust, right.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Two colonists plowing with two oxen.
Ae 4.3 gm 17 mm 15-34 AD Sear (GIC) 268
Comment: Reverse commonly symbolizes the establishment of a city perimeter.
2 commentsMassanutten
K6. Severus Alexander61 viewsObv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Mars advancing right with cloak flying behind, brandishing spear and shield.
Denarius, 2.1 gm, 19.5 mm, Rome RIC 246
W3. Numerian61 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Numerian standing right and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left.
Antoninianus, 2.6 gm, 19.7 mm, Antioch RIC 466
Brazil61 viewsKm632 - 5 Centavos - 1995
Km578.2 - 10 centavos - 1970
Km633 - 10 Centavos - 1995
Km579.1 - 20 Centavos - 1970
Km619.2 - 10 Cruzeiros - 1991
Km503 - 100 Reis - (1901)
Daniel F
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Q. Caepio BRUTUS, AR Denarius - Military Mint travelling in Lycia, spring-early summer 42 BC 61 viewsLEIBERTAS Head of Libertas right. / CAEPIO-BRVTVS-PRO-COS Plectrum, lyre, and filleted laurel branch. Crawford 501/1; CRI 199; Sydenham 1287; RSC 34; Sear (Millennium) 1432; Seaby, Brutus 5. Minted in the spring to early summer of 42 BC by a military mint traveling with Brutus in Lycia.
(18 mm, 3.71 g, 5h)
2 commentsLloyd T
Bulgaria61 viewsKm59 - 1 stotinka - 1962
Km60 - 2 Stotinki - 1962
Km86 - 5 Stotinki - 1974
Km88 - 20 Stotinki - 1974
Km89 - 50 Stotinki - 1974
Daniel F
Domitian as Caesar RIC T9661 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC T96 (C), BMC T85, RSC 395
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Hands clasped over aquila on prow
Acquired from Imperial Coins, August 2011.

Struck in 80 AD under Titus, the reverse shows clasped hands over an aquila set on a prow, apparently representing "Concordia Militum" - "Harmony of the troops" (BMC II, xlii-xliii). An odd choice to be sure for anyone other than the emperor to issue. According to Suetonius - "After the death of his father, he (Domitian) hesitated for a long time whether he should offer the soldiery a double bounty and he never had any hesitation in stating that he had been left as a partner in the imperial position but that fraud had been applied to the will." (Suet., Dom., 2)

There is a COS VI of this reverse type assigned under Vespasian in both RIC and BMCRE but certainly post dates Vespasian's death.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0261 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,51g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Caracalla, AE 27 Tetrassaria61 viewsIM C M AVRE ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades carrying away Persephone in galloping quadriga, right
Cohen IV 725, Gaebler AMNG 12, NBRM 36
Josifovski 291, same dies (V13, R14)
Kuzmanovic Collection 1040
1 commentswhitetd49
Macedonia, Stobi. Caracalla AE2661 viewsCaracalla AE26 of Stobi. A C M AVR ANTONINVS, laureate head right / MVNICI STOBE, Nike advancing right carrying palm branch & wreath.3 commentsancientone
Carinus RIC V, 21261 viewsCarinus AD 283-285, son of Carus
AR - silvered Antoninianus, 3.95g, 22.6mm
mint of Lugdunum, 1st officina
bust radiated, draped and cuirassed, r.
Aequitas stdg. l., holding scales and cornucopiae
in r. field A
RIC V/2, 212; C.8
about EF, rest of silvering

AEQUITAS, personification of a special aspect of justice. Not formal equal treatment, but fairness, concretisation of justice in judiciary.
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #161 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
SPAIN. Castulo.61 viewsAE unit ( AS ). Early 1st.century BC. 12,90 grs. Male head left. L. QVL. F. before. Q. ISC. F behind / Europa seated sideways on bull running right. She extends both her hands, her mantle floating in the wind like a double halo. M. C. F. below.
SNG BM Spain 1394. Villaronga ,CNH 70
2 commentsbenito
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Cyzico 91G.jpg
A121B-05 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla61 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "VRBS ROMA" - Busto de Roma vistiendo yelmo coronado y con penacho de pluma y manto imperial, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Loba madre parada a izquierda dando de mamar a Romulo y Remo, a quienes mira. Dos estrellas sobre la loba. "SMKΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 331 - 333/4 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzico (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Cyzicus) #91 Pag.656 - Cohen Vol.VII #17 Pag.330 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8305.k. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3894
Centenional Valente RIC IX Siscia 14b, type x.jpg
A138-02 - Valente (364 - 378 D.C.)61 viewsAE3 Centenional 17 x 16 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "DN VALEN-S P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLORIA RO-MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente avanzando a derecha, arrastrando por los pelos a un prisionero con el brazo derecho y portando un Labarum (Estandarte), con el signo Chi-Ro en su bandera, en su mano izquierda. "· BSISC" en exergo y "R" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.2da.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #14b Pag.147 tipo xi - Cohen Vol.VIII #11 Pag.103 - DVM #46 Pag.309 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9076.f.1. Pag.273 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4117
Taras, Calabria61 views345-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Diobol (12mm, 0.88g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles, holding club overhead, kneeling left on the back of the Nemean lion; [N]O above lion’s head, cornucopia to right.
Vlasto 1427; cf Cote 443-44; HN Italy 913
ex JHE Auctions

A scarce little coin featuring yet another scene from Herakles’ epic battle with the Nemean lion.
5 commentsEnodia
Cherronessos Hemidrachm61 viewsCherronessos Hemidrachm Lion/Pellet and Grain ear within quadripartite incuse square.

Ex Agora
1 commentsAdrian S
Diocletian Coded - B with O - Siscia - RIC 263var61 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with B in right field and XXIO in ex.cscoppa
claud II com.JPG
Claudius II consecratio61 viewsAE 16- 18 mm 2.0 grams
OBV :: DIVO CLAUDIO. Radiate head right
REV :: CONSECRATIO. Eagle standing left, head right
EX :: not visible
Cunetio hoard 2314
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot
EX Chris Austin collection 04/2008
Claudius-II (268-270 AD.) AE-Antoninianvs, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes,61 viewsClaudius-II (268-270 AD.) AE-Antoninianvs, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes,
avers:- IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Radiate head right.
revers:- GENIVS-AVG, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia, Gamma in right field.
diameter: 20-21mm
weight: 2,21g
mint: Rome
ref: RIC-46k, C-109,
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old61 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
Tarkumuwa stater (or cilician siglos)61 viewsCILICIA, Tarsos. Tarkumuwa, 384-361/0 BC. AR Stater (23mm, 10.40 g, 12h). Struck circa 370 BC.
O: Baaltars seated right, head and torso facing, holding eagle-tipped scepter, grain ear and grape-bunch; thymiaterion to right; under throne, eagle standing right; all within crenelated wall /
R: Ana, standing right, facing Datames, standing left; thymiaterion between; all within dotted square border in linear border. Casabonne type 3; Moysey issue 5; SNG France 298. EF, small area of roughness on reverse. Rare issue with eagle under throne.

Provenance: CNG
3 commentsCaffaro
Egypt, Ptolemy IX, Svoronos 1698 Ptolemy IX AE20. 61 viewsPtolemy Coin GAE210 Ptolemy VI VIII Joint Reign after 169BC AE 29.7-30.0mm : 23.9gm
OBV - Zeus Ammon, facing right
REV - Two Eagles f/L on thunderbolt, double cornucopia in left field, no monograms, BASILEOS PTOLEMAIOY
REF - Svoronos 1383, SNGCop 308-310 Weiser 141-142 Coin #607
1 commentscars100
coins1 213.jpg
probus CLEMENTIA TEMP61 viewsprobus, c.276 A.D., tripolis mint.
OBV: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate bust right.
REV: CLEMENTIA TEMP, jupiter standing right, holding globe to emperor standing left. T in middle.
EX: KA, tripolis mint.
61 viewsecoli
Faustina Junior, Funeral Pyre61 viewsDIVAE FAVSTIN AVG MATR CASTROR
Draped and veiled bust right

Funerary monument of four stories, ornamented with garlands and statues

BMC698, C77, RIC747
2.75g; 17-19mm
1 commentsarizonarobin
Commodus Denarius A.D. 189 RIC 202a, RSC 323, BMCRE 28661 viewsM COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right / LIBERALITAS AVG VII, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus & cornucopia.1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
ROMAN LEAD SEAL61 viewsConfronted head

Female? on left bearded man on right

massive 10.88g

15mm X 18mm
Jay GT4
Apollon | Curule chair - C. Considius Paetus, AR Denarius 46 B.C.61 views
Apollon | Curule chair * Silver deanrius.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollon, right; A in left field (behind).
Rev: Sella Curulis (Curule chair), garlanded, on which lies a laurel wreath: C CONSIDI, above, PAETI below.

Exergue: PAETI

Mint: Rome
Struck: 46 BC.

Size: 19.335 mm.
Weight: 3.396 grm.
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Very fine. Bright, clear, beautiful lustre and quiet toning. Beautiful coin in hand.

RRC 991.
CR 465/2a.
Sydham, 991
Sear, (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 455.
1 commentsTiathena
AD 348-351 Constans - Two victories61 viewsCONSTANS-PFAVG - Laureate, draped and curaissed bust right.
VICTORIAEDDAVGGGNN - Two victories facing each holding wrea6th and palm branch. SMTSA in exe

Thessalonica, Ric 100, 1.95 gms, 180 degrees, 348-351 AD
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Constans II61 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Constans II (641-668 AD) AV Solidus. Struck c. 661-663 AD. Constantinople. Facing busts of Constans, bearded and Constantine IV, beardless; cross between heads D N CONST. . ./ VICTORIA AVGU Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius. CONOB in exurge (Constantinople mint). Sear # sb0964. 4.42 g. Coin was mounted in 18k bezel, so some minor field damage. dpaul7
Constantine II- Virtvs Avgvsti.jpg
Constantine II- Virtvs Avgvsti61 viewsConstantine II , 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Laureate, cuirassed bust right.


VIC: The conqueror
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVSAVGVSTI, The braveness of the emperor

VIRTVS: Braveness
AVGVSTI: The emperor

Constantine II standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.

Domination: Bronze, size 13 mm

Exe: RP, mint Rome 337-340, 1 st. officina
RIC VIII Rome 4. the exergue is R leaf (probably P) rated as common and it was issued between 9 Sept 337- April 340

The P stands for the officina (P is "prima" or first officina) The leaf stands for nothing more (that I know of) than the Romans penchant for using marks from nature. Lots of marks from nature are employed...leafs, branches, trees etc. Of course there is liable to be plenty of symbolism that we do not recognize.

Additional information:
Though RIC calls them common, they're a) not common and b) mostly struck so poorly on wretched little flans that they're hard to read and attribute. Your piece, despite the hardly legible exergue, is well above average!
John Schou
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio 1C.jpg
Constantius II- Fel Temp Raparatio61 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right


D N: Dominus Noster, our lord
CONSTANTIVS: Constantinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

FEL TEMP REPARATIO, happy times are here again. Soldier spearing fallen horseman

FEL: Happy
TEMP: Time
REPARATIO: Restoration

Domination: Bronze AE3, size 16 mm

Mint: CONS Γ, Constantinopolis, Γ 3.rd Officina (Perhaps the last letter could be a Gamma), RIC VIII, Thessalonica 192; LRBC 1683; struck 25. Dec. 350-6. Nov. 355; Scarce
The reverse type is F3 stretching.
John Schou
Visigoths in Hispania (Crusafont Group B)61 viewsVisigoths in Hispania, AE (13 mm, 1.22 g). Minted in Spali (Visigothic Seville). Obverse: facing head. Reverse: S-PL for Spali around cross. Crusafont Group B.
Jan (jbc)
Visigoths in Hispania (Crusafont Group B)61 viewsVisigoths in Hispania, AE (14 mm, 0.93 g). Minted in Spali (Visigothic Seville). Obverse: facing head. Reverse: S-P for Spali around cross. Crusafont Group B.Jan (jbc)
Domitian RIC-72861 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 728 (C3), BMC 187, RSC 273
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Ancient Treasures, eBay, 7 June 2015.

The first issue of denarii in 92 was quite massive and certainly one of the largest of the reign. Domitian's military campaigns against the Suebi and Sarmatians during this time period may account in part for the heightened mint activity.

Competent craftsmanship which produced a neat and fine portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-730a61 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 730a (C3), BMC 189, RSC 274
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Acquired from Wayne C. Phillips, January 2014.

The first issue of 92, of which this coin is from, was large indeed, certainly one of the largest of the reign. Ian Carradice conducted a die study of this issue and determined the mint was divided into officina based on the separate Minerva reverse types, much like it had been in 81-82, after an apparent hiatus.

Historical note: Domitian was campaigning against the Suebi and Sarmatians during 92, perhaps accounting for such a large issue.

A very common coin in uncommonly good style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-79061 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 790 (C2), BMC 235, RSC 290
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
Acquired from C. J. Martin, August 2013.

A very crisp denarius which was struck during the last year of Domitian's reign between 14 September 95 to 13 September 96. This was a large issue with many common examples, including all four standard Minerva types, and one which saw the introduction of many new types (the flying Minverva for example). These later coins tend to lack the high quality and craftsmanship of earlier issues.

A very sharp coin in hand.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Denario NERVA RIC 19D.jpg
23-03 - NERVA (96 - 98 D.C.)61 viewsAR Denario 17 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERTAS PVBLICA" - Libertas (La Libertad) de pié a izquierda, portando largo cetro apoyado en brazo izquierdo y Pileus (Gorro de los esclavos) en mano derecha.
Nerva mantuvo siempre que él había "Liberado" a Roma de la tiranía de Domitiano, y restaurado el régimen constitucional.

Acuñada 2da. Emisión 97 D.C.
Ceca: Roma - 5ta. Off.

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #19D Pag.224 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3034 var Pag.86 - BMCRE #46 pl.2/4 - Cohen Vol.II #113 Pag.10 - DVM #14 Pag.118 - RSC Vol. II #113 Pag.80
VICTORIA AVG 61 viewsIMP C MANT GORDIANVS AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind
VICTORIA AVG Victoria advancing left holding wreath and palm

RIC ---
C ---

R4, 5 specimens actually known, 2 reverses dies
3 commentsleseullunique
Trajan Provincial61 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Domitian (81 - 96 A.D.)61 viewsAR Denarius
O IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI, laureate head right.
R: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, holding spear and shield, owl at foot right.
Rome Mint, 87 A.D.
RIC 507, RSC 218, BMC 103
6 commentsMat
Domitian - RIC 96 (Titus)61 viewsDomitian, as Caesar, AR Denarius. 80 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VII, laureate head right / PRINCEPTS IVVENTVTIS, clasped hands holding a legionary eagle on prow. RSC 395, RIC 96, BMC 85, RCV 26732 commentsBud Stewart
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 Vespasian 921 (C2), RSC II 47, BMCRE II 193, BnF III 169, SRCV I 2637]61 viewsSilver denarius, choice gF, 3.350g, 19.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, as caesar early 76 - early 77 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg

Nice portrait, toned, and perfect centering.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220
Domna AE23 Brockage Ariassos.jpg
Julia Domna, AE-Triassarion. Hadrianopolis, Thrace. Obverse Brockage61 viewsRoman Empire, Julia Domna, AD 193 - 217. AE-25. Hadrianopolis, Thrace. Her draped bust rt. / Brockage of the obverse.

I have several other triassarion pieces in my collection sharing the same obverse die.
Pompeii wall painting61 viewsThis wall painting is on the outside door post. Titus Pullo
4 zhu ban liang stone mould61 viewsreign of Wu Di because of iron traces in the coins cavities (141-118 BC)

2 part of same moulds
61 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
Henry VI (1422-1461), mezzo penny d'argento. Gaviller & Boyd collection61 viewsHenry VI, First Reign (1422-1461), Calais mint
Silver halfpenny, pinecone-mascle issue (1430-34)
AR, 0.51 gr, 12 mm, VF
D/ crowned facing bust
R/ VIL(mascle) LACALISIE (pinecone), long cross pattée, three pellets in angles
N.1469; S.1885
Provenance: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (28 gennaio 2011, numero catalogo 121); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005); ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005); ex W.C.Boyd collection (London 1886), ex George Henry Gaviller collection (morto nel 1886).
Ephesos, Ionia, 202BC-133BC61 viewsAE17, die axis 0 degrees
Ephesos mint
SNG Cop 301
4 commentsPaul D3
Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus / Head of boar61 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.

RPC I says on p. 272: "C.M. Kraay pointed out (NC 1975, pp. 235-
47), many of the 'automomous' and Augustan coins, dated to the
reign of Augustus by Oikodominou, are in fact later, ranging from
a few of the reign of Augustus down to the third century (post-
humous coins were struck for Augustus in the reigns of Trajan,
Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, perhaps Commodus, perhaps Caracalla,
and Valerian)."

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium the previous year.
1 commentsancientone
Gallienus: Hercules' boar61 viewsGallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop E.
Obeverse: GALLIENVSAVG, Gallienushead right.
Reverse: HERCVLICONSAVG, boar right. E below.

Comment: One of the true rarities of the zoo series. This is not a great specimen. The boar’s head are disfigured because of ghosting due to a die clash with the obverse die. However it’s a heavy coin with silvery color. Sometimes you just have to take what you can get.

W=3.97g; D=21x20mm.
F 8.jpg
61 views1 commentsOrthodoxcoins
L. Farsuleius Mensor, Crawford 392/1b61 viewsL. Farsuleius Mensor, gens Farsuleia
AR - denar, 18 mm, 3.96 gm.
Rome 75 BC
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Libertas r., wearing ear-rings and necklace.
S C and pileus behind
MENSOR before
rev. Armed and helmeted warrior, holding spear, takes togated person into his
biga, driving r.
CXV under horses
L. FARSVLEI in exergue.
Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
about VF, obv. slightly excentric
ex Lakeview coll.

The reverse depiction is heavily propagandistic. It could be related to the 'Lex Iulia de civitate sociis dandi', introduced by the consul L. Caesar (not Julius Caesar!) in 90 BC and offering Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italian municipia who had not raised arms against Rome in the Italian War (Social War).

Another possibilitiy is that it is related to to the recruitment of military troops needed for the wars in Spain (against Sertorius) and against Mithradates in Asia.

In the 1st case it is Roma taking the Roman allies in her biga, in the other case it could be Mars taking the Roman citizens in his war chariot.
2 commentsJochen
faustinaI sest.jpg
138-161 AD - FAVSTINA Senior AE sestertius - struck after 141 AD61 viewsbv: DIVA FAVSTINA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: - / S.C. (Vesta standing left, holding long torch & palladium {Pallas statue})
ref: RIC III 1151(AntPius) (S), C.268 (6fr.)
23.51gms, 30mm,

I think it's a rare piece.
2 commentsberserker
Faustina 61 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,61 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0382b (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRATIO, Ceres standing left,61 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0382b (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRATIO, Ceres standing left,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- CONSE-C-RATIO, Ceres standing left, holding right hand up in greeting and torch.
exerg: , diameter:17,5-18mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 148-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-382b (Antoninus Pius) p-72 , C-165a.,
1 commentsquadrans
fel temp com~0.JPG
Constans RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina61 viewsAE 17 mm 1.9 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Nimbate phoenix standing right on globe. star in right field
EX :: SMHE ( Heraclea )
RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina

coin not listed in RIC, Helvetica's spreadsheets , Wildwinds, or coin archives . also discussed in Forvm at the following link
1 commentsJohnny
Roman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #07461 viewsRoman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #074
size: 32x15x14mm,
weight: 5,84g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93
Zoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #15961 viewsZoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #159
size: 22x18mm,
weight: 3,25g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: Typology: Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var.,
distribution: ???,
Fire-Maker/Starter61 viewsFire-Maker/Starter
size: 70x27mm,
weight: 17,30g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Follis Anastasio I SB0014.jpg
01-02 - Anastasio I (11/04/491 - 01/07/518 D.C.) 61 viewsAE Follis Post-Reforma (Módulo pequeño) 23 x 25 mm 7.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N.ANASTASIVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " M ", con una " +" arriba. "CON" en exergo.

Acuñada 498 - 518 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #14 Pag. 37 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #16 - B.M.C. #41 -Tolstoi M.B. #31 - Ratto M.B. #354 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #11-22 - Hahn M.I.B.#22
Galba denarius61 viewsGalba, denarius
RIC 167, RSC 287.
Rome mint, August-October 68 AD.
3.0 gr.
Obv. IMP SER GALBA AVG, his bare head right.
Rev. SPQR OB CS in three lines within oak wreath.

Another addition to my 12 Caesars. An attractive coin with a very strong portrait and the name fully readable. Good silver condition.
2 commentsMarsman
Bare head of Galba right

Vesta seated left holding Palladium and sceptre

July 68 - January 69 AD, Rome


Thanks to Curtis Clay attribution:

Paris 186-187, both from the same die pair
Cohen 311
RIC 374, citing Glasgow 57
Jay GT4
Galba billon Tetradrachm61 viewsΛ OYKΛIBΣ OYΛ Π ΓAΛBA KAIΣ ΣEB AVT
laureate bust of Galba, right, LB (year 2) before

Helmeted, draped bust of Roma right, holding spear & sheild

Alexandria, September 68 AD-January 69 AD



RPC 5330; Emmett 174


In hand it has a wonderful dark consistent toning
1 commentsJay GT4
gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 16361 viewsAE17-22mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: APOLLINI CONS AVG. Centaur walking right , drawing back on bow
EX :: not visible
RIC V-1, Rome 163
Purchased 08/2008

2 commentsJohnny
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.61 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families Used by permission.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.

Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Galeria Valeria, Venus61 viewsGAL VALE-RIA AVG


:dot: SM :dot: TS :dot:
:star: /left field, B in right ( I think just worn down)

2 commentsarizonarobin
Geta Drachm from Petra61 viewsSYRIA, Decapolis. Petra. Geta, as Caesar. AR Drachm (3.23 gm). P CEPT GE - TA CEB, laureate head right / DHMAPET VPAG, Tyche, turreted, standing left, holding baetyl and trophy. Butcher, "Two Notes on Syrian Silver of the Third Century AD," in NumChron 1989, -. In his study, Butcher was able to locate on seven specimens of this issue, six for Caracalla and one for Julia Domna.
Very rare
Geta AE 14 of Nikaea, 198-209 AD61 viewsGeta
Nicaea, Bithynia
AE 14
Nicaea, 198-209 AD
Zeus standing facing, holding scepter in l., patera in r. Eagle at l.
Waddington S462; SNG Hunter S249
2 commentsArdatirion
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-071, #0161 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-071, #01
avers:- Line between two wedges, two wedges at the middle, four dots around the centre, cross between two E's between two dots above and below; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,18 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-071, CHN-1-133, Huszar-124,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Luna Lucifera61 viewsBase AR Antoninianus of Cyzicus of Gallienus, Sole Reign, A.D.260-268

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LVNA LVCIFERA Luna, crescent on head, holding long torch in both hands.

RIC S646 RSC IV 601a Not listed in Sear RCV III
Weight: 3.58g

This is the alternative depiction of Luna Lucifera, the Light-Bringer, where she is shown holding a long torch and wearing the distinctive crescent on her head.
GORDIAN III61 viewsBI tetradrachm. Antioch (Seleucis et Pieria). 240 AD .12.82 gr. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, viewed from the front. ΑΥΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC CΕΒ / Eagle standing facing,open wings, head turned left, wreath in beak. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞΟYCΙΑC. S C in exergue. Prieur 279.
CNG. EA 109, Lot: 130.
CNG Photograph.
4 commentsbenito
Netherlands 1691 City of Groningen - Silver 6 Stuivers61 viewsNetherlands, Groningen 1691 - silver 6 stuivers.

obv: CONCORDIA RES PARVAE CRESCVNT - Knight on horseback with sword in the air.

rev: MO NO ARG CIV GRONINGAE - Coat of arms with two headed eagle inside, crown on top. '6 S' on either side. '1 6 9 1' above in crown.
Hendin-506 / 1197 (02)61 viewsHerod Archelaus - prutah
1.18 grams
3 commentscmcdon0923
hadrian61 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian Denarius61 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian Galliae 61 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

Hadrian standing left, holding volumen and raising kneeling Gallia right.

Rome 134-8 AD


RIC 324.

2 commentsJay GT4
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD61 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Dupondius 61 viewsObv:
Radiate bust r.
Pegasus flying r.
RIC 658
4 commentsTRPOT
Herennia Etruscilla antoninianus. 61 viewsReverse shows Pudicitia standing left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face; reverse legend is PVDICITIA AVG.RIC 58b
Herennia Etruscilla AR Antoninianus. HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent / PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding sceptre & drawing veil from her face. RSC 17, RIC 58b. sear5 #9494 _5000
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #1,61 views081 Herennius Etruscus (251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 143, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, Scarce, #1,
avers:- Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB-C, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVGVSTORVM, Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, and lituus.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-23,5 mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Rome, date: 250 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-143, p-139, C-14,
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A161 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .45 g., 15-16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • V]NGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets at sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-4, Unger 646c, Réthy II 278A, dated 1512 61 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGAR * 1512 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-095, #0361 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-095, #03
avers: Four connected curves containing crosses, cross of Saint Andrew with dots in the angles in the centre, border of dots.
revers: Cross with dots in the angles, border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 9,5 mm, weight: 0,14g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-095, CHN-1-162, Huszar-181,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0161 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0261 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/561 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Inscription to Gaius Valerius Victor - Standard Bearer61 viewsA plaque with inscription found at Caerleon. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300.



"To the spirits of the departed; Gaius Valerius Victor, son of Gaius, of the Galerian voting tribe, from Lugdunum, standard-bearer of the Second Augustan Legion, of 17 years; service, Aged 45, set up under the charge of Annius Perpetuus, his heir."
Ionia, Miletos. Late 6th-early 4th century BC. AR 1/12th Stater (1.29 gm, 10mm). SNG Helsinki II 26761 viewsIonia, Miletos. Late 6th-early 4th century BC. AR 1/12th Stater (1.29 gm, 10mm). Obv.: Head lion left. Rev.: Star. SNG Helsinki II 2671 commentsAdrian S
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #0261 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #02
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,0 mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082, CHN-1-129, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Geta - Fortuna61 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.14gm)
RIC IVi.77, RCV.7247v (C)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Fortuna reclining right on ground, resting arm on wheel and holding cornucopiae in left.

ex. Tim Babb
Paul DiMarzio
Herod Agrippa I, (Herodian Tetrarch), Prutah, 37-44 CE61 viewsBronze Prutah of Agrippa I, minted 41-42 CE, 17mm, 3 grams.

Obverse: Umbrella type canopy with fringes and partial Greek inscription AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (“[coin] Of Agrippa the King”).
Reverse: Three ears of barley between two leaves and date marks L ς (stigma) (year 6 = 42 CE)

Reference: Hendin 553

Added to collection: April 1, 2005
Daniel Friedman
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Mamaea Denarius, RIC IVb 36061 viewsRome mint, Julia Mamaea Denarius, 222-235 A.D. AR 20mm 3.13g, RIC IVb 360, RSC 81, BMC 381
O: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right
R: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, & holding palladium scepter
KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Cleopatra Selene. 61 viewsObverse: REX IVBA, Diademed head of Juba right
Reverse: BACCILICCA KLEOP[ATPA], Star and crescent
Mint : Caesarea
Date : Struck circa 16-17 AD
Reference : MAA 85; SNG Copenhagen 590; Mazard 300
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.96 g
Denom : Denarius
Dealer : Baldwin's
Comments : Juba was married to the only surviving child of Cleopatra VII, Selene (goddess of the moon). This may be a reference to Juba's wife depicted on the reverse.
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 222, Thessalonica, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R2!!, #161 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 222, Thessalonica, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R2!!, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above
exergo: * TES B,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Thessalonica
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-222, R2!!!
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #161 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #1
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, in right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak
exergo: S CONST •,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-320, R!
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!61 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, wreath in right field .
exergo: T CON,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC VIII 313, R3!!!
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Julia Domna - RIC 57761 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Julia Domna, RIC IV 379(a)61 viewsJulia Domna, AD 193-217
AR - antoninianus, 4.67g, 22.88mm
Rome, AD 211-217, struck under Caracalla
Bust, draped, wearing stephane, r., on crescent
Luna/Diana, in long garment, crescent on head, driving in a biga drawn by horses l., holding
reins in r. hand and sceptre in l. hand; above her the billowing garment.
RIC IV/1, Caracalla 379(a); C.106 (Diana?)

Mythologically Diana is not known as biga driver like Sol. It seems to be the counterpart to Severus who
is depicted as Sol.
4 commentsJochen
Julian II the Philosopher61 viewsD N FL CL IVLIANVS
draped and cuirassed bust of Julian right

bull walking right, two stars above, CYZA in exergue

AE1 7.73g

LRBC 2511

Ex-Calgary Coin

1 commentsJay GT4
Moesia inferior, Kallatis, Gordian III, AMNG 346 var.61 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 26, 11g
bust, laureate, r.
rev. KALLA - TI - ANWN
snake erected coiled r.
Delta in the center of rev. field (for tetrassarion)
AMNG I/1, 346 var. (different legend breaks); Varbanov (engl.) 377
rare, VF
1 commentsJochen
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-374.e, #0161 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-374.e, #01
avers: +M-REGIS•KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
revers: Lily, S-E,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:9h,
mint: Hungary, Schemnitz, mint mark: S-E, date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-374.e, CNH-2-029, Huszar-473,
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0261 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #02
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (X-X); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe (mint mark): X/X//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1336 A.D., ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493,
Kroton, Bruttium61 views480-430 BC
AR Stater (20mm, 7.57g)
O: Tripod-lebes with lion's feet; heron standing right in left field, QPO to right, lemniscate serpents in ex.
R: Tripod-lebes incuse, with dentate border.
SNG ANS 312; SNG Cop 1764v
ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsEnodia
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Kolophon 310-301 BC61 viewsAR drachm, 18mm, 4.28g, aUnc
Head Herakles right clad in lion's skin / AΛEΞANΔPO[Y] Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back and feet on stool. KA in left field, crescent under throne.
Ex: Calgary Coin
Price 1825a, Müller 274v
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Counter tag, B. A. Seaby61 viewsAcquired AR drachm, reduced weight, Peloponnesos, Elis c. after 191 BC. Sent coin along with counter ticket to Mr. Sear.
"The ticket accompanying the Elis drachm was written by Col. Kozolubski of the Seaby Ancient Coin Department whose assitant I was from 1958 until his death in 1964. "The Colonel", as we called him in the Seaby office, undertook my numismatic education in the early days of my career ... He was co-author, with H. A. Seaby, of the 1959 edition of Greek Coins and Their Values..."
Lawrence Woolslayer
Philip III, 323-317 BC; Lampsakos mint, 319-318 BC61 viewsSilver drachm, 17.2mm, 4.2g, aVF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / ΦIΛIΠΠOY Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and sceptre. Buckle in left field, crescent over A under throne.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Thompson, Lampsacus, 204b, group IX
Lawrence Woolslayer
Sicily, Syracuse, 55261 viewsSilver 16 Litrae, 26mm, 13.05g, VF
Reign of Hieron II 275-215
Diademed and veiled head of Philistis left, torch behind / BAΣIΛIΣΣA[Σ] ΦIΛIΣTIΔ[OΣ], winged Nike in galloping quadriga right; E below.
Sear 988v; BMC Sicily, pg. 213, #552; SNG ANS 884.
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Alexander Jannaeus61 viewsAlexander Jannaeus, 103-76 BC. Lead Prutah/Token, Transjordan mint, 79/78 BCE?, 15.6 mm, 2.7 grams. O: Aramaic legend (King Alexander) in three lines within a dotted circle. R: Anchor in a circle with Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟΥ (of King Alexander) around. Hendin 1155, reverse appears to be a match with Menorah Coins die #1.

This coin is a bit of a mystery and therefore quite interesting. These were at one one time extremely rare and therefore not believed to be a coin at all but rather a trial specimen or a token used to gain entrance to an establishment. As hoards were discovered, it became apparent that this coin was common (although far more rare than his bronze issues) and in general circulation in the Transjordan.

Although the lead coins are not dated, the similar Aramaic inscription found on the dated prutah of Jannaeus (Hendin 1152, shown in my collection, dated year 25 = 80/79 BCE) indicates it may have been minted around 79 BCE. These are the only types of Jannaeus that have an Aramaic inscription.

The appearance of both Greek and Aramaic on these coins may reflect a softening of Jannaeus (a staunch supporter of the Hellenistic Sadducees) toward the Aramaic speaking Pharasees.
1 commentsNemonater
Phocas (Augustus) AE Follis61 viewsPhocas (Augustus)
AE 40 Nummi 8.61g / 27mm / -
dN FOCA NE PE AV - Phocas standing facing, holding globus cruciger, on left, Leontia standing facing, holding cruciform scepter, on right, cross between their heads
A / N / N / O, r. II - Large M with cross above, ANNO and regnal year to sides.
Exergue: THEUP
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch) (603/604 AD)
References: Sear 671, BMC 102
Scotvs Capitis
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,61 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
Licinius I SECURITAS London mint61 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
Lydia, Thyateira. AE-22. Artemis Boreitene. A Beautiful Coin!61 viewsLydia, Thyateira. 3rd century AD. Æ 22. 4.79 gm. 1h. BOPEITHNH•, draped bust of Artemis Boreitene rt., wearing teania; quiver and bow over shoulders. / QVATEIPHNWN, eagle standing facing, head lt., with wings dispalyed. Cf. BMC Lydia 19-20; SNG Copenhagen 591 (same dies); SNG von Aulock -. Near EF, dark olive patina.

1 commentsFausta
Primary Brushes61 viewsScotvs Capitis
The Mamertinoi 288-270 BC.61 viewsSicily, Messana, The Mamertinoi, Bronze Pentonkion, 288-270 BC.
Obverse- Laureate head of Ares right.
Reverse- Eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
SNG ANS 402; Calciati I, 3, 26.73 mm, 16.9 g.
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0429a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, COS II, Honos standing facing,61 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0429a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, COS II, Honos standing facing,
avers:- AVRE(L)IVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F, bare head right. (Legend error "L" missing !!!)
revers:- COS-II, Honos standing facing, head left, holding branch and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,03g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 145-147 A.D., ref: RIC-429a, p-79 Antonius Pius, C-110,
Marcus Aurelius Honos RIC 42261 viewsMarcus Aurelius, Denarius, 3g, 16.72mm, RIC III pg 79 422, RSC 236, Sear 5 4784
REV: HONOS, Honos standing, head left, with branch & cornucopiae
61 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Sestertius.
Reign: Emperor, A.D. 161-180
Denomination: Æ Sestertius.
Diameter: 31 mm.
Weight: 25.46 grams.
Mint: Struck in Rome, A.D. 158-9.
Obverse: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG. PII F. Head, bare, right, bust draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: TR. POT. XIII COS. II S. C. Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium.
Reference: RIC (A. Pius) 187, 1349b. Cohen 741.
Ex Richard Graham Collection, Schulman Sale, June, 1966, #1896.
ROMAN IMPERATORS, MARCUS ANTONIUS Legionary Denarius, RSC 27, LEG XI61 viewsOBV: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REV: LEG XI, eagle between standards
3.05g, 16mm

Minted at Patrae, 32-31 BC
1 commentsLegatus
046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,61 views046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,
diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 0,37g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,61 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG-G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Thrace, Mesembra. AE1961 viewsAE19.

Obv.Female (Nymph?) head right

Rev. Athena advancing left.

gVF, very cute
0. Miletus61 viewsMiletus
AR 1/12 stater
c. 500 BC (minted begining 550 and ending 494 when Miletus was destroyed by Persia)

obv. lion head facing right
Votive tessera61 viewsRugser
Mn Fonteius Cf - Fonteia-1061 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC Mn Fonteius Cf 85 BC Denarius (3.86 gm). Laureate head of Apollo Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, M FONTEI behind, CF below chin / Cupid on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus in ex. Syd 724a, Cr353/1c, RCV 7213 commentsBud Stewart
moneta 291.jpg
Constantine I, Thessalonica - RIC VII 12361 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right
rev: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG VOT XX. VOT XX enclosed in wreath.
exergue: TS epsilon VI
Struck 324 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VII 123 (R2)
Van Meter 79
2 commentsJericho
moneta 350.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nicaea, AE1561 viewsobv: Radiate head right
rev: Palm branch within urn
Struck 196-217 A.D.
ex: automan
1 commentsJericho
moneta 627 smaller.jpg
Crispus, Cyzicus - RIC VII 1061 viewsCrispus AE3
obv: DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES. Draped bust l., holding globe and sceptre in l. hand, mappa in right.
rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS. Jupiter standing left, chlamys over left shoulder, holding sceptre in left hand, Victory on globe in r.
Struck 317-320 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VII 10 (R3)
Van Meter 15
61 viewsOne nummus
Recimer - Libius Severus
RIC X, Rome 2715.
2 commentsRugser
Septimius Severus from Nikopolis61 viewsSeptimius Severus AE18 (3.1 g) from Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Obv: AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛIT-ΩN-ΠPOC IC, Nike with spread wings, leaning on column with left arm, holding a long palm in left arm and a wreath (?) in right hand.
Pick, AMNG I, 1, p. 378, no. 1371.
1 commentsPscipio
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)61 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.9g, 26.61mm, 225°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
in l. and r. field WN - PR
in ex. [O]C ICTRW
Zeus, nude, standing frontal, head l., holding patera in r. hand and chlamys
over l. shoulder, leaning with l. hand on long sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1830 (1 ex., Milano)
b) Varbanov (engl.)3787 (this coin, but cites AMNG 1830 under #3783)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
Rare, about VF, glossy black patina
3 commentsJochen
Siege of Middelburg, silver klippe of 36 Stuiver, Emission of March 157461 viewsObverse: • 1 • 5 • 7• 4 •/• LIBERT : REST •/• S • P • Q • ZEL :/• SOLI • DEO •/• HONOR • in five lines across field; floral scrollwork, flanked by pellets, above and below; all within pearl border; coat-of-arms of Zeeland above
Reverse: Blank
Thracia, Odessos, AMNG 200661 viewsThracia, Odessos, quasi-autonomous, 270-250 BC
AE 22, 7.54g
obv. Head of Zeus, bearded, laureate, r.
rev. The Thracian Rider-God Heros, bearded, nude except chlamys, wearing kausia,
trooting on horse r., beneath as monogram A; with baseline
AMNG 2206; BMC Black Sea 291
Rare, VF+, brown patina with some earthen highlights
ex David Freedman coll.
ex CNG auction 61, 25.9.2002, lot 194

Note: Kausia = a flat Thracian bonnet

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
1 commentsJochen
Orodes II, AE tetradrachm61 viewsOrodes II, Early-mid 2nd Century A.D., AE Tetradrachm

Obv: Bearded facing bust, wearing diademed tiara. Star within crescent, above an anchor with two bars, to the right. Chaldeo-Pahlavi legend to left.
Rev: Dashes

van't Haaff 13.3.1
Sear GIC 5903
de Morgan 42
Sear CIG 5903
Alram 477
BMC 28 260 1ff
Mitchiner ACW 711-712
Howard Cole
AE 29, 18.4g
Diademed draped bust right
Moesia standing, facing between bull & lion
Viminacium, Moesia Superior
This coin has very nice dark green patina
Ottoman AR aqche Bayezid-I ibn Murad61 viewsOttoman AR aqche Bayezid-I ibn Murad
date: 792-AH
diameter: 11-12mm
ref: Michiner-1239
Thessalian League, Thessaly, Greece, c. 196 - 27 B.C.61 viewsThessalian League, Thessaly, Greece, c. 196 - 27 B.C.

Bronze AE 18, BMC Thessaly p. 5, 62 - 63; SNG Cop 324 - 328?? , Thessaly mint, IPP[A]/TAS, helmeted head of Athena right; reverse QES-S-LWN, horse trotting right

new photo
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Volusianus 251-253 A.D.61 viewsObv:bust r. radiate wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev:emperor radiate riding r. on horse carries spear
79 BC L Papius Serrated denarius61 views
Head of Juno Sospita right clad in goat's skin control symbal behind (bakers shovel), bead and reel in border

Gryphon leaping right control symbol (bakers oven) below, bead and reel border

trade guild: cooks and bakers


79 BC

Sear 311 RRC 89


Plate coin
3 commentsJay GT4
107-145 Vologases III - dirham from Ecbatana (Hamadan, Iran)61 viewsNo legend , diademed bust left
Blundered Greek legend , archer seated right, holding bow over monogram
1 commentsGinolerhino
Patraos Tetradrachm.jpg
GREEK, Patraos. Tetradrachm61 viewsPatraos.
340-315 BC
Silver Tetradrachm
Patraos, laur. hd. of Apollo r. With short hair. Horseman spearing Macedonian.
S. 1520
Ex. Riibe Mynt. Trondheim Norway
This coin has a rather "untidy" reverse, but somehow it still appeals to me.
1 commentsJan Terje R
Nice Patraos61 viewsPatraos --AR Tetradrachm (12.8gm). Laureate head of Apollo R/Horseman riding down fallen warrior. SNG ANS 1031, Sear 1520.featherz
PEDRO V 500 REIS 1856.jpg
PORTUGAL - PEDRO V61 viewsPORTUGAL - PEDRO V (1853-1861) AR 500 Reis, 1856.
Obv.: PETRUS V PORTUG ET ALGARB REX .1850. around bust of king right.
Rev.: Crowned arms of Portugal flanked with drapery, over 500 REIS.
Reference: KM-494.
61 viewsEPEIROS, Ambrakia. Circa 360-338 BC. AR Stater (8.55 gm; 20 mm). Helmeted head of Athena left; grain ear behind / Pegasos flying right; A below. Pegasi 128/2.5 commentspaul1888
Roman Empire, Philip I antoninianus.61 viewsAntioch mint, class 2. These later Philip the Arab coins from Antioch used to be poorly known, but through efforts of R. Bland and F. Ovari they have been catalogued properly. Most of the coins are minted on fairly low silver content flans and look a bit dull and grayish. This coin is one of the very few I have ever seen being of good silver. This combined with the forceful, needle-sharp portrait makes it unique. The reverse is slightly off center, but very well engraved and struck as well. RIC 75A, Bland 29.2 commentsjmuona
Roman Empire / Philip I , The Syrian / Felicitas . AD 244-249. 61 viewsSilver Antoninianus (23mm, 3.57 g, 12h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 247-248. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia. RIC IV 75A; Bland 29; RSC 130. aEF, lightly toned, a few minor scratches on obverse.

If you really want to see or know how Emperor or Ruler really looked like.
Find an Antioch issue .

From The Sam Mansourati Collection / EX CNG
Photo and Description , courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.
8 commentsSam
Roman Empire, Philip I/Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.61 viewsAR Silver Antoninianus, Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.
Obverse : IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ear over galley at feet, & cornucopia.
RIC 59
RSC 33
SR 8924
(Please click to enlarge.)
Larry M2
Salonina SALVS AVG61 viewsSalonina, 267 A.D., Asia mint. (Antioch?)
OBV: SALONINA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent held in her arms.
1 commentsancientcoins
PHRYGIA, APAMEIA61 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
Picture 730.jpg
Variant follis of Licinius, Trier61 viewsFollis of Licinius
Lr, Cuir bust R
Genius stg L, patera in R hand, cornucopiae in L, undraped
T / F // BTR
Variant of RIC 121, listed as loins draped.
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 61 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
C. Postumius 73 BC.61 viewsObverse- Bust of Diana right, bow and quiver on shoulder.
Reverse- Hound running right, spear below.
Crawford 394/1a; Sydenham 785; Postumia 9.
19mm, 3.90 gm.
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC 58.jpg
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC V/2 5861 viewsAnt, 23mm, 4.19g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing L with caduceus and cornucopia.

Trier, Officina B.

RIC 58, Common.
Postumus SALVS POSTVMI AVG RIC 328.jpg
Postumus SALVS POSTVMI AVG RIC V/2 32861 viewsAnt, 20mm, 3.19g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: SALVS POSTVMI AVG, Salus standing L with snake.

Trier, Officina A, Issue 4.

RIC 328, Common.
Ionia, Priene. AR Drachm. Facing Bust of Athena61 viewsIonia, Priene. 2nd Century BC. AR Drachm. 4.04g. 18mm. Athenopolis, Magistrate. Draped bust of Athena Parthenos facing, wearing triple crested helmet. / Nike advancing rt., holding a wreath and palm; all within a maeander pattern. Regling, Priene, pl. I, #27; Ex. Gemini III, lot 187. Magistrate not known from the bronze issues.

A very interesting coin with an obverse image of Athena resembling several Seleucid bronze issues from Asia Minor. A beautiful coin from one of the more beautiful ancient sites one can ever visit
2 commentsFausta
Probus - Concordia Militum61 viewsIMP CM AVR PROBVS AVG
Bust type C, right, radiate, draped
Victory, left, presenting wreath to Probus holding standard
RIC 908, Cyzicus, 5th officina
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1961 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
61 viewsJulia Domna
Stobi, Macedonia
2 assaria
Obv. Dr bust r, IVLIA - AVGV[STA] round.
Rev. Nike walking l, palm over l shoulder, wreath in raised r hand, wheel at her feet, MVNICI STO - BEN round.
5.57 gm, 23 mm
Cohen IV 266-267, BMCG 8
1 commentsManzikert
Anonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,61 viewsAnonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,
avers:- Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; two pellets (mark of value) above.
revers: - ROMA, Prow of galley right; two pellets (mark of value) below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 22,57g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:217-215 B.C., ref: Crawford 38-5, Sydenham 85,
SPAIN - PHILIP IV61 viewsPhilip IV (1621-1665) Copper 4 Maravedis Resellado. Type 30, 1658. Cayon #5214, Toledo. dpaul7
SPAIN - PHILIP IV61 viewsPhilip IV (1621-1655) 4 Maraveidis Resellado. c. 1658-1659.Date not visible, Cuenca mint.dpaul7
RI 039c img.jpg
039 - Trajan Denarius - RIC 05861 viewsObv:– IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P COS IIII P P, Victory standing left holding patera and palm
Reference RIC 58
RI 055b img.jpg
055 - Commodus denarius - RIC 66661 viewsObv:– L AVREL COMMODVS AVG, Young Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P, Victory seated left, holding patera and palm-branch
Minted in Rome in Spring A.D. 179
Reference RIC III (Marcus Aurelius) 666, Cohen/RSC 775. BMCRE 801. Szaivert, MIR 18 457-14/30;
Commodus, as joint Augustus with Marcus Aurelius
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49461 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064cg img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47061 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VI-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 195 - 196
References:– BMC W438, RIC 470 (Scarce), RSC 165
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066bc img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Antoninianus - RIC 313 var (unlisted, probably in error)61 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen half from the back
Rev:– VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and spear, shield at side
Minted in Rome circa A.D. 215
Reference:– RIC 311 var (Unlisted in RIC with Cuirassed bust, probably in error)
A nice example of one of the earliest of the Ants. produced by Caracalla.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 071f img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 001 (2f)61 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Roma, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre; by her side, shield
References:– VM 9, RIC 1 (2f) (Common), RCV02 7493, RSC 125

What would have been a wonderful coin is spoiled by the unfortunate double strike evident on the obverse around the nose and mouth.
RI 121a img.jpg
121 - Tetricus II Ant. - RIC 27061 viewsObv:– C PIV ES(V TETRICV)S CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– (SPES) PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt
Reference:– Cohen 87. RIC 270
RI 132hw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (Γ)61 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (Γ in exe) Emission 2 Officina 3. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ph img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 624 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIV)61 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left right hand raised, left holding scepter (without captive)
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 5 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 624 Bust type H. Alföldi type 5, n° 96
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 146i img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 399 Bust Type F61 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGG Pax standing left, with Victory on globe and scepter
Minted in Lugdunum (B in exe.). Emission 7, Officina 2. Spring A.D. 290 A.D. 291
References:– RIC V Part 2 399 Bust Type F. Bastien Volume VII 380
RI 152k img.jpg
152 - Maxentius - RIC VI Ostia 04561 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate Bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM AVG N, Fides holding two standards
Minted in Ostia (MOSTQ in exe.)
References:– RIC VI Ostia 45
1 commentsmaridvnvm
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 647, Siscia, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-F, Δ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, 61 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 647, Siscia, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-F, Δ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Δ//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 8th. emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 647var, p-86, Alf-18, No-2,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 657, Siscia, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Rare !!!,61 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 657, Siscia, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Rare !!!,
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor standing right, clasping hand of Concordia.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not-in, Alföldi type 26 No 188, Rare !!!,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 661, Siscia, CONCORDIA AVG, Bust-F l., -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, Scarce!61 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 661, Siscia, CONCORDIA AVG, Bust-F l., -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left without spear. (F l.),
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Concordia standing left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
exerg: -/V//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 661, p-88, Alf-22, No-20, Scarce!,
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #161 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emiss. date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-314F,
035 - Domitian Ae AS - RIC II 385a61 viewsObv:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC - SC, Domitian , togate,standing left, sacrificing from patera over garlanded altar, on the other side of which are two flute players facing the emperor, one of which is partly obscured by the altar, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus in background.

This variety, not distinguished in the catalogues, where the second musician's lower body is obscured by the large altar. see BMC pl. 79.3, with obv. portrait left, is from the same rev. die. On other dies, apparently the normal variety, the altar is narrower and you see the second musician's legs descending to the ground.

Celebrates the Secular Games
4 commentsmaridvnvm
33061 viewsAnon, time of Constantine I, c.330 AD
AR third siliqua
Helmeted bust of Roma right
Constantinople mint?
Cohen 3

This series is interesting and comprises of several issues of both fractional silver and bronze dating between the 4th and 6th centuries AD (according to Bendall, RN 2002, pp 139-59).

This piece (type 2a) belongs to his early series from c.330 AD. Although no mintmarks are present it is believed the coin was struck in Constantinople due to the provenance of most of the recorded specimens and was probably issued around the time of the dedication of the "new Rome" in the east.
47561 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
Rome 28461 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
1161 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
REX monogram over 1659
8 (irregular?)
61 viewsSeverus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Obverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
1 commentsrexesq
Roman Republic, 211-206 BC61 viewsAE As (48.8g, 37mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 211-206 BC.
Obv. Laur head of Janus, I above.
Rev. Prow of galley right, I above, ROMA below.
Sear (RCV) 627
2 commentsCharles S
JULIUS CAESAR (d. 44 BC), AR denarius, struck February-March 44 BC, moneyer C. Cossutius Maridianus61 viewsObverse- Wreathed and veiled head of Caesar right, DICT IN PERPETVO behind, CAESAR before.
Reverse- moneyer's name with Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting elbow on shield on globe.

RSC10, 19mm, 3.17g.

NGC VG ("bankers marks", Strike 3/5, Surface 2/5), cert. #4095350-001.
Ex- Imperial Coins & Artifacts, January 2011, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: This coin might be an "ugly duckling", but it's got a ton of history. When it came time to pursue a Twelve Caesars collection, I knew that nothing but a lifetime portrait issue of Caesar would do for me, though I probably could have had one of those interesting "elephants" or a more attractive "goddess head" design in better condition for less. This time I chose historical significance over eye appeal. This coin would have been struck just before Caesar's assassination on the fateful Ides of March, perhaps in that very month. It wasn't easy finding one within my $500/coin budgetary ceiling at the time, but this one came in under that price... barely.
4 commentslordmarcovan
CLAUDIUS (41-54 AD), AE as, LIBERTAS61 viewsObverse- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left.
Reverse- LIBERTAS AVGVSTA/ S-C, Libertas standing facing with pileus, extending left hand.
RIC 113, 28 mm, 9.03 g.
NGC Ch F ("sand patina", Strike 3/5, Surface 3/5), cert. #4094567-003.
Ex-?, probably eBay, July 2011, purchased raw.
Comments: I've always liked "sandy" or "desert" patina on late Roman coins from the eastern empire, but have hardly ever seen it on earlier Imperial coins like this. I've forgotten who I bought this from, though I think it was off eBay. I saved some partial notes, though unfortunately they didn't include the seller's name or the exact cost. I do remember being happy with the price. The seller said this was struck at Tarraco, circa 50-54 AD. I'm not entirely sure of the attribution.

5 commentslordmarcovan
HADRIAN (117-138 AD), AR denarius, Roma61 viewsObverse- Hadrian Denarius. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, draped far shoulder.
Reverse- P M TR P COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, shield behind, holding Victory and scepter.
RIC 77, RSC 1103, 19 mm, 3.5 g.
Ex- Mathew Baca, through a swap on Collectors Universe, November, 2011.
While it's not super high grade or anything, I just really like the look of this coin... a lot. With a nice expressive portrait, full legends on both sides, good centering, and some handsome grey-brown toning that sets off the devices superbly, what's not to like? Got this in a trade with Mat, who's been good to deal with. I've been pleased to take on a few of his castoffs. A pretty decent Trajan denarius also came with that deal, but this was the coin that cinched the swap for me.
3 commentslordmarcovan

OBV Christ Emmanuel, beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, seated upon throne with back; r hand raised in benediction holds scroll in l. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV Full length figure of emperor on l. crowned by virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of simplified type; holds in r hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.

Size 18.5/20mm

Weight 4.2

These issues in Cyprus have a small amount of silver in them 1.5% make them more related to the Metropolitan issue of the empire. This issue is heavier than most listed types. Variations of Isaac Comnenus coinage seem more common than the Byzantine Emperors, in this case the sash on the Emperors waist.

I have decided not clean this coin any further,I think it is attractive as it stands.

DOC list 4 examples with a weight of 2.81 to 2.84 and sized at 19mm to 21mm
1 commentsSimon
Salonina61 viewsSalonina - Antioch Mint - AE Antoninianus - RIC V 87

O: SALONINA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait carried up the back of head and tucked under stephane

R: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, crescent in left field, VIIC in exergue

References: Göbl 1648d; Sear 10625.

4.6g, 21.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 266-267AD
3 commentsBiancasDad
26 POINTS - PERTH. Seaby 5050-5058.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Aquilia Severa AR Denarius, AD 220–261 viewsRome, AD 221, AR Denarius, 3.20g., 20mm., BMCRE-335, RIC-226, RSC-2. Obv: IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG; draped bust right. Rx: CONCORDIA; Concordia standing half-left. sacrificing from patera over lighted altar, holding double cornucopia, star to right.

Notes: Rare; Aquilia Severa's "Concordia standing" reverse is more often found with the star in the left field than the right (as on this specimen).
3 commentsMichael K5
Herakles and Zeus61 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
GS70917. Silver drachm, Price 1515; ADM II Series V, 91 - 95; SNG München 474; Müller Alexander -, VF, attractive style, Troas, Abydus mint, weight 4.097g, maximum diameter 18.1mm, die axis 180o, Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I;

obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck;

reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, horse leg left, Ξ under throne; ex Nemesis;

Herakles is the son of the divine Zeus and mortal Alcemene who was cursed by the jealous Hera to murder his entire family. He then had to overcome twelve labors given to him by King Eurystheus to repent for the atrocity. The first labor (defeating the Nemean Lion) is portrayed on the obverse of this coin.

Zeus is the main king of the Olympians ruling over the realm of man. He is known to be a notorious womanizer having affairs with several divine and mortal women, which constantly makes his wife Hera extremely jealous. He is associated with lightning and the eagle (as shown on the reverse of this coin) among other symbols.
Colby S
Sear 1823 (with Mardin c/m 1)61 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class B Follis, weight 8.3g, diameter 33 x 27cm., overstruck on a class A2/3 anonymous follis. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 1 countermark (the word Atabeg, a hereditary title of nobility) on the reverse, attributed to the Zengid lords of Mosul.

Abu Galyon
Pisidia, Selge, Ar Trihemiobol61 viewsPisidia, Selge, AR Trihemiobol. c. 3th century BC.

Gorgoneion with long hair, resembling Apollo or Helios. / Head of Athena right in crested helmet, astragalos behind.

Composition: Silver, weight: 0.70 gm. diameter: 10 mm.

1 commentsAdrian S
62 - 12 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)61 viewsÆ Sestercio (30,10 mm - 20,30 g)

Anv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Busto laureado con coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) a derecha, visto por detrás
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI, S-C - Pax estante a izq. levantando su mano der., portando rama de olivo en mano der. y cetro oblícuo en izq.

Acuñada: 3ra. Emisión 236/7 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC IVb #81 - BMCRE V #148/52
Poland/Lithuania. John II Casimir Vasa 1660 AE solidus61 viewsPoland/Lithuania. John II Casimir Vasa 1660 AE solidus. IOAN CAS REX, king's bust right / SOLIMAG.DVCLIT1660, Mounted Polish knightoneill6217
Methymna, Lesbos obol, Silen/ turtle61 views7mm, 0.39g
obv: facing head of Silenos
rev: turtle
(350 - 240 BC)
(Franke Methymna 170, 18A; cf. Klein 793)
2 commentsareich
SLAVONIA ladislaus iv.jpg
SLAVONIA - Ladislaus IV61 viewsSlavonia. Ladislaus IV, AD 1272 to 1290. Denomination : Silver denar.
Size : 14.6 x 15.1 mm. Weight : 0.84 grams.
Reference : Truhelka 13.2 (or similar) - about FINE / good FINE
Obverse : Martin between two stars, with MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONIA around. A minor part of the inscription is not struck up.
Reverse : Double cross, with a star and crescent above, two Omega's and quadrafoils in between, and two faking heads below. The heads are flanked by the letters R L. The RL is an abbreviation for Rex Ladislaus).

Ladislaus IV was also King of Hungary.
South Africa61 viewsKm67.2 - 5 cents - 1965
Km84 - 5 Cents - 1983
Km134 - 5 Cents - 1994
Km68.1 - 10 cents - 1965
Km85 - 10 cents - 1989
Km161 - 10 Cents - 1996 (English Legend)
Km69.1 - 20 Cents - 1965
Km86 - 20 Cents - 1975
Km136 - 20 Cents - 1995
Daniel Friedman
Spain61 viewsKm767 - 1 Peseta - 1944
Km775 - 1 Peseta - 1947
Km796 - 1 Peseta - 1966
Km806 - 1 Peseta - 1975 (76-80 design)
Km816 - 1 Peseta - 1980 (82 World Cup Soccer)
Km821 - 1 Peseta - 1987
Daniel Friedman
SPAIN - JUAN II61 viewsSPAIN - JUAN II - (1406-1454) Half Coronado bears a crowned bust with the legend +"IOHANES:DEI:GR". The reverse has a 3-towered Castle with the mint mark "T" below. (Toledo Mint). The legend reads "+IOHANES:DEI:GRACI". Diameter is 17mm. Weight is .75 grams. Composition, "billion" copper/silver alloy. Cayon #1530.
Caracalla, Stobi61 viewsMAVREL ANTONIN
Laureate head right

Nike standing right holding trophy

Josif V99, R?
AMNG Gaebler 14
wildwinds example (this coin)
3 commentsarizonarobin
Shahi Kings of Kabul and Ghandara, Sri Samanta Deva, 850 - 1000 A.D61 viewsAE Jital; Tye 19, Deyell 54; 2.69g. 19.25mm max.; Ohinda mint?; Obv. Elephant caparisoned, stg. left, श्री समानता देवा (Sri Samanta Deva in Sarada script) above, Rev. Roaring lion right, left paw raised, dots above, one dot below (var.?). Nice desert patina.3 commentsSteve E
Titus RIC 4161 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Theodosius I (379-395 CE), Æ3.61 viewsObverse: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIAREIPVBLICE, B to left, TES in Exergue, camp gate with two turrets.

Reference: RIC 62b.2 (Thessalonica)
Daniel Friedman
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123761 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Lydia, Thyateira. Pseudo-autonomus AE23 Artemis Boreitene61 viewsLydia, Thyateira. Pseudo-autonomus AE23. ΒΟΡEΙ − ΤΗΝΗ, Draped bust of Artemis Boreitene left with bow and quiver / ΘΥΑΤEΙΡΗΝΩΝ, Eagle with spread wings standing facing.ancientone
Utica Tiberius61 viewsZEUGITANA, Utica. Tiberius.14-37 AD. Æ 29mm (10.81 gm, 9h). Vibius Marsus Proconsul, Drusus Quaestor, T.G. Rufus Praetor, 27-28 AD. Bare head left; c/m: uncertain within incuse rectangle / C VIB MARSO PR COS DR CAE Q PR T G RVFVS F C, D-D/P-P across fields, veiled figure of Livia seated right, holding sceptre and patera. RPC I 733; MAA 115b; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, slight scrape, green patina.

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex. CNG
1 commentsBolayi
Tiberius 14-37 AD.61 viewsObverse- TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right.
Reverse- PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive-branch and long vertical sceptre; ornate legs to chair.
Lugdunum mint, 18mm, 3.5g.
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2261 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.
Acquired from York Coins, January 2005.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus Denarius61 viewsTitus Denarius
Laureate head right

Elephant, wearing armor, walking left


Rome 80 AD.
RIC II, 22a; Cohen 303; BMC 44

Very scarce

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities

Thick black toning on this denarius makes it tough to photograph. Much nicer in hand.

Commemorates the completion and dedication of the Colosseum and the opening of games in 80 AD, after ten years of construction.
2 commentsJay GT4
Titus RIC-10361 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 103(R2), BMC p. 230 note, RSC 307
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Captives, two, back to back, seated either side of trophy (woman on l., man on r.)
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Issued in 80 AD, this denarius most likely commemorates a victory by Agricola in northern Britain. Interestingly enough, this coin is an English metal detectorist find.

I didn't expect to come across this type for some time...but it was offered to me and I couldn't say no! The lovely portrait is a nice bonus.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander / Denarius/ RIC 12361 viewsAttribution: RIC 123 (RIC IV, Part II), RSC 448

Date: 222-235 AD

Obverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P XIII COS III P P Sol advancing left raising hand and holding whip

Size: 20mm

Weight: 2.98 grams
4 commentsAnemicOak
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 013, Rome, DACIA,61 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 013, Rome, DACIA,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding standard,
exerg: , diameter: 21mm, weight: 4,85g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 013,
1 commentsquadrans
Trajan AE Sestertius, Regna Adsignata RIC 66661 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 27.33 g). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 116-117.
Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan, right.
Rev: REGNA ADSIGNATA, Trajan, in military outfit, seated left on camp bench set on daïs, extending hand to three eastern kings, the foremost of whom extends his hands to Trajan; two military figures, one holding baton and sceptre, standing behind Trajan.
RIC II 666; BMCRE 1043; Cohen 325. Sear 3190
Fine, green and brown surfaces. Scarce.

The scene depicted on this coin has always been the source of conjecture. The basic facts of Trajan’s eastern campaigns are known. In 113 that Parthian king Osroes I placed Parthamasiris on the throne of Armenia, in contravention of the long agreement that Armenia would be in the Roman sphere of influence. Trajan’s response was overwhelming; Osroes was driven from Ctesiphon, and Parthamaspates was was proclaimed the new king, although a mere Roman puppet. The turmoil affected all the small buffer states all the Roman-Parthian border. Parthamasiris was removed and Armenia made a Roman protectorate. Meharaspes of Adiabene was deposed in 116, as was Abgar VII of Osrohene, both for wavering in their support of the Romans. Sporaces of Anthemusia had lost his throne in 114. Sohaemus of Sophene and Attambelos VII of Characene in the south seems to have been retained, although Attambelos died the same year as Trajan. So the question is, who are the three kings who are “assigned” kingdoms? Parthamaspates had his own coin type (REX PARTHIS), and according to the historical record none of the deposed monarchs were replaced by Trajan; all the provinces came under Roman administration. it is possible that this coin type reflects Trajan’s intention to appoint new rulers, but the continuing unrest in the east lead to the decision to eliminate the autonomous client kingdoms.
2 commentsmattpat
Trajan AR Denarius, Abundantia standing left. RIC 16661 viewsTrajan Den “Abundantia and galley” Trajan AD 98-117 Silver Denarius “Rome feeds her people” Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P- Laureate head right, draped left shoulder Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI - Abundantia standing left, holding corn ears over modius filled with corn ears, cornucopia and to her right rear, a galley. Rome mint: AD 103-104 /2.81 g. RIC II 166; BMCRE 169; RSC 467a.3 commentsmattpat
ADVENTVS AVG61 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
2 commentsTibsi
Trajan Sestertius Abudantia61 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Abudantia standing left with grain ears, modius, & cornucopia, prow of ship in back ground
1 commentsancientdave
Tunisia61 viewsKm243 - 10 Centimes - 1920(a) (AH1338)
Km244 - 25 Centimes - 1920(a) (AH1338)
Km246 - 50 Centimes - 1941(a) (AH1360)
Km247 - 1 Franc - 1941(a) (AH1360)
Km282 - 5 Millim - 1983 (AH1403)
Km307 - 20 Millim - 1983 (AH1403)
Daniel F
034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.c, Error coin, double strike both side, revers on the avers !!!, #02 61 views034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.c, Error coin, double strike both side, revers on the avers !!!, #02
avers: +m•WLADIS-LAI•REGIS, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers: Cross amongst three arches, three shields in the arches (Hungarian stripes, Polish eagle, Lithuanian knight); border of dots.
diameter: 13-15mm, weight: 0,51g, axis:10h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-n* (Pohl), date:1440-1441 A.D., ref: Unger-469.c, CNH-2-149A, Huszar-598,
Urbs Roma - SMHe - 3 dots.jpg
SMHε - 3 Dots61 viewsAE3 Follis, 3.10 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 330-333 AD

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 3 vertical dots between 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε

Heraclea mint

1 commentsdrjbca
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.61 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Vespasian-RIC-1543A61 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1543A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements
Acquired from G&N, eBay, 22 November 2012.

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1543A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
v2053LG bk.jpg
Gupta Empire, India - Silver drachm of King Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD)61 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
Vespasian RIC II 085061 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (2.91g. 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. REV: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 223.

A worn reverse, but I got this coin for the left facing head on the obverse, with the left facing coins being more scarce that the typical right facing coins.
2 commentsLucas H
Vespasian - [RIC 1060, RSC 556]61 viewsSilver Denarius, 3.18g, 18.5mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 79 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - TR POT X COS VIIII, Capricorn facing left, globe below

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
3 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius61 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vitellius Denarius61 viewsA VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / PONT MAXIM, Vesta seated right, holding scepter and patera. RIC 107 RSC 72. 3.2 grams. Stuart Francis
TEMPLE, Volusian, AE25, SNGCop 29561 viewsOBV: AVTOK K G AFIN GAL OVEND OVOLOCCIANOC CEB, radiate and draped bust right
REV: ANTIOXEWN MHTRO KOLWN D-e, SC below, Tyche seated facing within tetrastyle temple, the river-god Orontes swimming beneath her, ram leaping right above

Struck at Syria-Antioch, 251-253 AD
2 commentsLegatus
Billon Denier 0.44g (13mm)
+IWΔaNOV BOEBOΔa , around shield; sigla Θ in right field, dot right of second bar of shield.
Reverse.+IWΔaNO-V BOE, eagle perched on helmet, sigla P in left field.
Reference: MBR- legend combination not recorded in MBR
Reverse legend Δ of IWΔaNO inverted.
Good very fine, carbon spot reverse.
1 commentsdpaul7
Caracalla 198-217 denarius61 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P. Jupiter left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; at feet, eagle.
Ref. RIC240, BMC94
Rome mint

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

Jupiter was the father of the gods and is normally shown with a scepter and thunderbolt. He may be standing or seated. He can be accompanied with an eagle (as here) or a small Victory.

Constantine I Thessalonica GLORIA EXERCITVS61 viewsRIC VII Thessalonica 222
Byzantine Empire: Anonymous Lead Seal (11th-12th Century)61 viewsByzantine Empire: Anonymous Lead Seal (11th-12th Century)

Obv: +OV | CΦPA | ΓIC EI | MI in four lines
Rev: THN | ΓPAΦ, | RΛEΠ | NOEI in four lines
Size: 21mm
Wgt: 9.34g

Cf. Orghidan 556 (same legend on an iconographical seal);

(“Ou sphragis eimi, tèn graphèn blepòn noei” – “Observe the document to see whose seal I am”)
Augusta Traiana Lucius Verus Tullius Maximus61 viewsAUGUSTA TRAIANA

AE 32 15.80g

Lucius Verus

Q. Tullius Maximus (161-169 AD)

Laureate head right

City-gate with three turrets with battlements

rough patina; decent detail on rx

Schönert-Geiss "Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis" #80 p. 65 depicted Tafel 5; Varbanov (E) II 919 p. 83 ( Lanz specimen depicted); BMC -; Mionnet -
Petrus Elmsley
Athens Owl60 viewsAthens Owl Tetradrachm
24 mm 17.14 gm
Head of Athena right
Owl standing right
2 commentsJohn Campbell
L. Procilius L.F., Denarius60 viewsRome mint, 80 BC
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind
Juno Sospita right holding spear and shield. A snake at her feet. L . PROC[ILI/F] behind
3.77 gr
Ref : RCV # 306, RSC, Procilia # 1
3 commentsPotator II
0064 - Denarius Septimius Severus 193 AC60 viewsObv/IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate headof Septimius r.
Rev/LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing front draped, head to r., holding abacus and cornucopiae.

Ag, 19.6mm, 2.82g
Mint: Emesa (?)
RIC -- - BMCRE -- (p.89)
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 161
1 commentsdafnis
Valentinian II - AE360 viewsAE3Tanit
Otho AR Denarius60 viewsRIC I 8 Rome, RSC 17, RCV 2162, BMCRE 18
3.16 g, 17 mm x 19 mm
69 AD.
IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right
SECVRI-TAS P R, Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre.
1 commentsMark Z2
Domitian, As 60 viewsRome mint, AD 95/96
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS xvii CENS PER PP, laureate head right
FORTVNAE AVGVSTI, Fortuna standing left, holdingrudder and cornucopiae, S-C in field
9.66 gr 26 mm
RIC II # 422, RCV # 2805v, Cohen # 134
Potator II
AQUILIA SEVERA60 viewsAR denarius. 220-222 AD. 3.15 gr, 11h. Draped bust right. IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG. / Concordia standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding double cornucopiae; star in left field. CONCORDIA. RIC IV 225 (Elagabalus). RSC 2a.
THRACE, LYSIMACHOS, Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC60 viewsAR Drachm, 17mm, 4.16 g, 12h
In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon; Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint.

O. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
R. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion head left above E; monogram below throne

Thompson 93 corr. (lion head, not forepart); Price 1993; Müller 332
Diva Faustina II, Sestertius60 viewsPosthumous issue, Rome mint, after AD 176
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right
SIDERIBVS RECEPTA, Diana standing right, holding a torch, SC in field
19.76 gr
Ref : Cohen # 215, RCV # 5233 v
Potator II
Egypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,60 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,60 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,
avers:- AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-ΓEPM-ΔAKIK, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left, holding caduceus and grain ear within coils.
exe: -/-//L-I-B, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 1h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Dated year (LΙΒ) 12 = 1018-109 A.D., ref: Dattari-703, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.146-p-90,
1 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Diadumenian as Caesar AE 19 Marcianopolis60 viewsMegaw MAR1.10; Hristova/Jekov; Varbanov 1350; Moushmov 590A. Moesia Inferior.
3.19 g, 18 mm
M OPELLIOC ANTWNEINOC K, draped and cuirassed bust right
MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Harpokrates standing left, fingers to his lips & holding cornucopia.
Mark Z
Florianus, Antoninianus60 viewsLyon mint, 3rd emission, 1st officina
IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from front (A)
TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing raight, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left hand. I at exergue (1st officina)
4.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 11874v., Bastien # 146 pl. XVI, RIC # 12, C # 89, La Venèra hoard # II.2/2632
5 commentsPotator II
Thrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,60 viewsThrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,
avers:- AYT-K-M-AYP-CEV-ANTΩ-NEINOC, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Homonia left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 12,25g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554,
1 commentsquadrans
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,60 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) p-393
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #260 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
07 Æ19.jpg
GREEK, Agathokles (317-289 aC) AE1960 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 317-289 aC
Valor: Æ19
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 1199, ¿BMC. 2. 231?
Conservación: MBC+
Metal: Æ
Peso: 14,30 gr.
Diámetro: 19 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza de Apolo laureada a izquierda. Leyenda SIPAKOSION
Reverso: Pegaso volando a izquierda
3 commentsJuan B
Alexander Jannaeus60 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) (103 - 76 BC)
AE Lepton
Hendin 471

Obverse: Anchor within circle. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY
Reverse: Wheel with eight ray-like spokes. מלכא אלכסנדרוס שנת כה
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Postumus60 viewsBetter photo

Postumus Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / VBERTAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse & caduceus. RIC V-II Cologne 330

Treveri (Trier) mint. 4th emission, 2nd phase, group 2. Struck AD 267. RIC V 330; Mairat 136.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Trajan Denarius - Sol (RIC II 326)60 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117 AD

Obv: Laureate and draped bust of Trajan (R).

Rev: Radiate and draped head of SOL (R)


RIC II 326 RSC 188
4 commentsKained but Able
109- Aeliea Flaccilla.JPG
Aelia Flaccilla60 viewsAE4, 378-383 AD, Constantinople mint.
Obv-AEL FLACCILLA AVG, Diademmed , draped bust right.
Rev: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated inscribing shield with Chi-Rho.
CONE in exergue
RIC 61 , C
3 commentsjdholds
Trebonianus Gallus, antoninianus. (Simpson & Boyd collection) 60 viewsTrebonianus Gallus (A.D. 251-253), antoniniano, zecca di Roma o Antiochia
AE, 2.60 gr, 23,0 mm, aVF (qBB)
D/ IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, busto radiato e drappeggiato di Treboniano a dx
R/ IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seduta a sx, con cereali e uno scettro di traverso
RIC 69; RCV 9631
NOTA: l'attribuzione alla zecca di Roma (o in alternativa Antiochia) viene dalla titolatura. Se fosse Milano, infatti, secondo Mattingly e Carson si dovrebbe avere IMP CAE C VIB TREB
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (20 gennaio 2009, numero catalogo 32), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 Settembre 2005), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, 16 dicembre 1889), ex dr. Simpson collection (London, fino al 1889).
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3979, Alexandria, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas, L-B left at foot (year 2),60 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3979, Alexandria, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas, L-B left at foot (year 2),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.,
revers: Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, L-B left at foot.
exerg: LB/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 8,47g, axes: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., LB Year 2., ref: Emmet 3979, Milne-4522, Geissen-3127, Dattari-5527, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.7-p338,
Trajan Denarius - Trajan and Nerva (RIC 28)60 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 98-99 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: Trajan, togate, standing (L), receiving globe from Nerva (R)

No examples in Reka Devnia Hoard

RIC 28 RSC 319a

After the revolt of the Praetorians in October 97 AD, Nerva was in need of a popular, youthful and vigourous heir. Stationed on the German frontier, Trajan soon received a handwritten note from Nerva, informing him of his adoption. Trajan was highly respected within the army and his adoption was the best possible remedy against the resentment much of the army felt against Nerva. But Trajan didn't come speeding back to Rome in order to help restore Nerva's authority. Rather than going to Rome he summoned the leaders of the earlier mutiny by the praetorians to Upper Germany. Instead of receiving a promised promotion, they were executed on arrival. Such ruthless actions made it quite clear that with Trajan as part of it, Rome's government was not to be messed with.

Nerva died on 28 January AD 98. His successor's eventual entry at Rome in AD 99 was a triumph. Jubilant crowds rejoiced at his arrival. The new emperor entered the city on foot, he embraced each of the senators and even walked among the ordinary people. This was unlike any other Roman emperor and perhaps grants us a glimpse of Trajan's true greatness.

5 commentsKained but Able
12- Trajan Sest.JPG
Trajan Sestertius60 viewsAE Sestertius, 103 AD
Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI / SC, Victory standing right inscribing VIC / DAC on shield which rests on a palm trunk.
34mm. 25.2 grams
Van Meter 54/6
KAI in rectangular punch60 viewsMACEDON. Amphipolis. Tiberius. Æ 20. A.D. 14-37. Obv: (TIK)AIΣAPΣEB-BAΣTO(Σ) sic. Bare head right. Rev: AMΦIΠOΛITΩN. Artemis Tauropolos, holding inflated veil, riding on bull galloping right; countermark on neck of bull. Ref: BMC 80 (var. obv. leg. break); RPC 1632; Axis: 360°. Weighr: 7.20 g. CM: KAI in rectangular punch, 5 x 2.5 mm. Howgego 542 (14 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 60 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
German States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797.60 viewsGerman States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797. FRIDERICHVS WILHELM.BORUSS REX 1797, bust right / GROSSUS BORUS MERIDIUNA, crowned arms flanked by branches.

KM 2.1
Petit bronze de Constantin 1er60 views- Petit bronze, Constantin I, Trèves, 306-337 (Bronze) 20
Avers : Tête de Constantin laurée à droite.
Revers : Porte de camp surmontée de deux tours.
Roger D2
Republic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916.60 viewsRepublic of Cuba. nickle centavo 1916. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, National arms within wreath, UN CENTAVO / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, Roman denomination within circle of star, date below.

KM 9.1
Germany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1936-D.60 viewsGermany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1936-D. 1847-1934 PAUL VON HINDENBURG, head right / DEUTSCHES REICH REICHS 5 MARK, Eagle divides date.

KM 86
Plautilla, Pietas60 viewsPlautilla
AR Denarius

Draped bust of Plautilla right

Pietas standing facing, head right, holding child

RIC 367
4 commentsRobin Ayers
2012 Highlights60 views A few favorites from 2012

1: Lucania, Metapontum didrachm, c. 350 - 330 BC

2: Julius Caesar denarius, 44 BC

3: Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito denarius, c. 55 - 54 BC

4: Tiberius, denarius, 15 - 16 AD

5: Titus, Antioch denarius, 72 - 73 AD

6: Asia Minor, Carian Islands drachm, c. 88 - 84 BC

7: Tiberius, Olba, Cilicia Æ 24, c. 14 - 16 AD

8: Caius Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC

9: Severus Alexander denarius, 231 AD

10: Maximinus I, Alexandria tetradrachm, 235 - 236 AD
4 commentsSPQR Coins
Follis Licinius I60 viewsFollis de Licinius, Héraclée, 313/314 – RIC.6 (R3).
Avers: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG buste lauré à droite.
Revers: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter nu debout à gauche tenant une victoire sur un globe et un sceptre long ; à ses pieds à gauche un aigle tient une couronne dans son bec, B dans le champ, SMHT à l’exergue.
1 commentsRoger D2
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus denarius60 viewsSeptimius Severus Denarius - Neptune

OBVERSE: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right
REVERSE: PM TRP XVII COS III P P, Neptune standing left, holding a trident, foot on globe
18mm - 3 grams
3 commentssseverus
Seleucid Kingdom, Philip I, Philadelphos, 93 - 83 B.C.60 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Houghton and Lorber II 2463(2 - 3), SNG Spaer 2799 and 2805 ff., VF, pitted, Antioch mint, weight 15.975g, maximum diameter 26.0mm, die axis 0o, obverse diademed head right, fillet border; reverse BASILEUS / FILIPPOU EPIFANOUS / FILADELFOU, Zeus enthroned left, Nike in right crowning him with wreath, long vertical scepter in left, F/A left, , laurel border; toned;

Philip I Philadelphus was the fourth son of Antiochus VIII Grypus. He took the diadem in 95 BC together with his older brother (probably twin) Antiochus XI Ephiphanes, after the eldest son Seleucus VI Epiphanes was killed by their cousin Antiochus X Eusebes. He established himself in Antiochia after 92 B.C. and survived attacks from younger brother Demetrius III Eucaerus. His rule was ended in 83 B.C. when Tigranes conquered Syria, or earlier. He disappears from history at that point, but coins bearing his portrait were issued by later Roman authorities.

Ex Forum
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III60 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.60 viewsBronze AE 3, S 4102, VF, Siscia, 2.248g, 17.3mm, 0o, obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, symbols in fields, mintmark in ex;b70
54-Hadrian Hemidrachm.JPG
Hadrian Hemidrachm.JPG60 viewsSilver Hemidrachm, 117-138 AD
Caesaria- Cappadocia
Obverse: AYTO KAIC TPAI ADPIANOC CEBACT, Laureate head right.
Reverse: ETD, Nike advancing right with wreath.
Sear 1056, Sydenham 255
14mm , 1.3gm
2 commentsJerome Holderman
Constans60 viewsConstans AE Centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot BSIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 254, rated C2 (lol). 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Vespasian RIC-68560 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R), BMC p. 27*, RSC 386
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, AE3 Thessalonica60 viewsAttribution: RIC 153 (RIC VII), Cohen 454

Mint: Thessalonica; SMTSΓ

Date: 326-328 AD

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; laureate head right

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; campgate with two turrets, star above, SMTSΓ in exergue

Size: 19mm

Weight: 3.26 grams
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla denarius60 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, Silver Denarius, RIC-IV-I-214-S, struck 210-213 at Rome, 3.21 grams, 18.3 mm. EF

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate, bearded head of Caracalla facing right
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE - Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding sceptre

A lovely specimen that is especially well centered with just a touch of weakness on the center of the reverse. Lots of eye appeal, lightly toned and a much scarcer issue.

1 commentssseverus
Nerva Denarius - Libertas (RIC II 7)60 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 96 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Nerva (R)

Rev: LIBERTY standing (L) holding pileus and sceptre. LIBERTAS PUBLICA in exergue - celebrating the the people of Rome being freed from the tyranny of Domitian.

RIC II 7 RSC 106
Kained but Able
caracalla60 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
mint : roma
207 AD
1 commentsfrederic
AEOLIS, Boione60 viewsBoione, Aeolis. AE 11, 1.425g, ca 300 BC. Head of female left, wearing earring and necklace / BOIWNIT above bull standing right, IKWN (retrograde) below. Sear 4173; BMC 1-4.Molinari
Mn. Acilius Glabrio, Crawford44260 viewsMn. Acilius Glabrio, gens Acilia
AR - denarius, 3.79g, 16.9mm
Rome, 49 BC
Head of Salus, laureate, r.
rev. MN.ACILIVS - III.VIR.VALETV (MN and TV ligate)
Valetudo in long garment stg. l., resting l. arm on column and holding snake in r.
Crawford 442/1; Sydenham 922, Acilia 8
SS, iridescent luster

In 219 BC the Greek iatros Archagathos came to Rome. He was the first with knowledge in healing who was allowed to practize his profession freely. After getting the Roman citizenship he was assigned an office in the Via Acilia at government expence. From this time on the gens Acilia claimed to have brought the first medical doctor to Rome. This is mentioned on this coin (Plinius, Nat. hist.)
1 commentsJochen
agathokles60 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
alexander the great, AE1960 views19mm, 6.93g1 commentsareich
Alexander III the Great60 viewsAR Drachm

Head of Alexander as Herakles right, clad in lion's skin.

Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; barley grain below throne, spearhead to outer right.

Struck in Kolophon circa 323-319 BC at the very end of Alexander's reign.


Price 1751

ex-Calgary Coins
2 commentsJay GT4
Alexander III ‘the Great’60 viewsAlexander III ‘the Great’ AR Drachm (18mm 4.24g) Sardes mint. Lifetime issue, circa 334/25-323 BC.
O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin R: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; torch in left field, monogram below throne. Price 2567.
1 commentsNemonater
Alexander III - AR drachm60 viewsPhilip III in the name of Alexander III
322-319 BC
head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right
Price 1751
3,86 g 17,5-16,5 mm
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Egypt, Alexandria, Hadrian, Emmett 111460 viewsHadrian, AD 117-138
AE - Diobol, 10.17g, 24.17mm, 0°
Alexandria 133/34 (year 18)
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. Apis bull stg. r., head facing, between horns sun disk, crescent on flank; before burning altar
in ex L
in upper field IH (18)
ref. Emmett 1114; Geissen 1099; SNG Copenhagen 391; Demetrio 1428; Mionnet 1215
rare, about VF, brown patina
PORTUGAL - Alfonso V60 viewsPORTUGAL - Alfonso V (1438-1481) Copper 1/2-Real Preto. Lisbon mint. Reference: VAZ-a5.12(x).
Pontos, Amisos, BMC 120860 viewsAE 21, 7.33g
struck under Mithradates VI, AD 120-63
obv. (anepigraphic)
Youthfull head of Dionysos, wreathed with ivy, r.
rev. Cista mystica, thyrsos behind, with taenia and panther-skin
beneath AMYSOY
monogram in l. field
BMC 1208; SNG Copenhagen 146; Sear GIC 3640
about VF, earthen highlights on the devices
1 commentsJochen
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #0160 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin60 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
48-15 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)60 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM" - Busto radiado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha, visto por detrás.
Rev: "P M TR P XX COS IIII P P" – Serapis estante de frente, viendo a izq., vistiendo Modius en su cabeza, portando una corona de espigas de trigo en mano del brazo der. Extendido y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 217 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #289f Pag.255 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6780 Pag.516 - BMCRE #187 var Pag.464 - Cohen Vol.IV #383 Pag.183 - RSC Vol. III #383 - DVM #6/3 Pag.194 - Hill CSS#1580
1 commentsmdelvalle
8. Janus, first king of Italy, and inventor of civilisation60 viewsSestertius minted AD 140, Rome. 24.70g, Ø 32mm, 12h. RIC 644, Cohen 881, Foss 55
Obv.: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS PP, laurate head right.
Rev.: TR POT COS III round edge SC in field, Janus standing facing, holding sceptre.
ex CNG eAuction 233 lot 335 (June 2010); ex the John Bitner Collection of Secular Games Coinage; ex Astarte XV (27 November 2004), lot 234.

Sestertius issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, celebrated on 21 April 147.
Janus was believed to be first king of Italy, serving as both leader and teacher to all within his lands. In honor of his deeds, he was elevated to the status of a deity by the Romans, with Romulus himself, one of the mythical founders of Rome, building and dedicating the Temple of Janus.
2 commentsCharles S
Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C.; In the Name of the Seleukid King, Antiochus VII60 viewsSilver tetradrachm, (Houghton II 642 ff., SNG Spaer 1855, Newell SMA 282), Weight 16.560g, Max. diameter 27.9mm, Obv. diademed head of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII right, fillet border; Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXDOY EYEPΠETOY, Athena standing left, Nike in right, spear and shield in left, ligate ΔI / A left, Nike extends wreath into laurel wreath border. Toned, some light scratches.

EX. Forvm Ancient Coins

Background info, courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins;

Oliver Hoover, in Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, attributes this type to the Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C. The symbols were used on Cappadocian royal coinage, the coins are found in Cappadocian hoards and a tetradrachm naming the Cappadocian King Ariarathes VII Philometor (116 - 99 B.C.) bears the obverse portrait of Antiochus VII. He notes they may have been struck to pay foreign (Syrian?) mercenaries who preferred the types of Antiochus VII.

4 commentsSteve E
Antonius Pius 138-161 denarius60 viewsOb. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P laureate head right
Rev. COS IIII, Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
Ref. RIC 136, RSC 344, BMC 530

ANTONINVS AVGVSTS PIVS PATER PATRIAE Antonius Pius is your emperor and augustus, father of the country
CONSUL IIII Consul for the forth time

1 commentsBacchus
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01964.jpg
58-10 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)60 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 32 x 29 mm 5.6 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "MΡ - ΘV" (Madre de Dios) en campos izquierdo y derecho - La Virgen sentada en un trono de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), sosteniendo delante de Ella la cabeza nimbada de un Cristo niño mirando a izquierda.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOTHC " Emperador de pié de frente vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Chlamys (Manto largo o capa/mandyas, usado como traje de ceremonia imperial). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz patriarcal en izquierda.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1964 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.15.5-10 - B.M.C.#56/7 - Ratto M.B.#2138-41 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #5-16
[301aby] Alexander III, The Great, 336-323 BC, AR Drachm (Lifetime Issue)60 viewsAlexander III, 336-323 BC, Silver Drachm; Minted during lifetime of Alexander the Great. Price-1503, Müller-907, struck 328-323BC at Abydus, 4.27 grams, 17.3 mm. Nice VF. Obverse: Head of young Herakles facing right, clad in lion's skin; Reverse: Zeus enthoned facing left, holding eagle and sceptre, his legs are parallel and resting on a stool, Hermes standing facing left in left field, monogram beneath throne. A very nice specimen of a lifetime drachm of Alexander III 'the Great' with Hermes as the mint symbol in the left field of the reverse. Just a touch of wear on both surfaces, but still quite attractive. Ex Glenn W. Woods.

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC)

"Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do
so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached
epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his
description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr. Joann Fletcher

"When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer."--attributed to Plutarch, The Moralia.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS60 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
Augustus denarius - Gaius and Lucius 60 viewsEmperor Augustus
Mint Lugdunum
size (mm) 17
Weight (g) 3.83
Die Axis 170
Tariff 1 denarius
Ob. Desc. Laureate head right
Rev. Desc. Gaius and Lucius caesar on l. anbd r. standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield a spear and on l. simpulum r and on r. lituus l.
1 commentsBacchus
Octavian Quinarius, RIC 276, Victory60 viewsOBV: CAESAR IMP VII, bare head right
REV: ASIA RECEPTA, Victory standing left on cista mystica between two serpents erect
1.8g, 12mm

Uncertain Italian mint, 29-27 BC
1 commentsLegatus
radiate head left
REV: S-C either side of large altar,
circa 31-37 AD
10.35g. 28.5mm
RIC 81 [tib], Cohen 228 [aug], BMC 146.
3 commentsmiffy
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,60 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
Aurelian AE antoninianus, 270-275 AD, Mediolanum60 viewsAurelian
AE antoninianus – 22mm, 2.97g
Mediolanum, 270-275 AD
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Victory advancing r., extending wreath in r. hand, palm in l.
T in ex.
RIC Va 143

ex Forvm
2 commentsArdatirion
Basic cleaning setup60 views1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Basil II the Bulgarslayer~0.jpg
Basil II the Bulgarslayer 958-102560 viewsCoin 5

Basil II is perhaps the greatest Byzantine emperor. Under him, the empire was at its strongest. He defeated the Bulgars and relieved the great city of Antioch from the Arabs who were beseiging it. His sudden appearance after a forced march across Anatolia surprised the Muslim armies and threw them into panic. But he was not strong enough to march into Jerusalem.
1 commentsgoldcoin
Belgium: Albert I and Elizabeth 191060 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (27 mm, loop) 1910, Albert I and ElizabethPodiceps
Sword Belt Plates 3rd century AD.60 viewsTwo sword belt (cingulum) plates circa 3rd century AD. Similar examples for the top example, which may have been found at the buckle end of the belt - hence its assymetrical shape -, can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume7, figure 38, #85 and at the Carnuntum Museum in Bad Altenbach. A similar example for the lower example can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume7, figure 38, #84.otlichnik
Caracalla AE34 Provincial60 viewsCaracalla --Pisidia, Antioch. Æ 34mm (28.52 gm). IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / COL CAES ANTIOCH, S R across field, Mên standing facing, head right, holding long sceptre and Nike on globe. Krzyzanowska pl. XXII, XXVII. 06/08/20011 commentsfeatherz
H1. Licinius, Arelate RIC 196, R3, 319 AD60 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Licinius seated left, holding lightning bolt, sceptre over shoulder, all on eagle flying right.
3.5 gm 17.8 gm Ae3 Exergue: PARL
Comment: Issued by Constantine as a companion piece to his 'two Victories w/shield' series.
1 commentsMassanutten
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 89160 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Helmeted, nude warrior riding on horse right, transverse spear in right hand, large round shield behind, [ΦI before], ΦHRAE / ΛHTWΣ below.
Rev:– [T_A_RAS], Taras astride dolphin left, holding flower & cornucopiae; EI monogram & thymiaterion behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C. Pheraeletos as magistrate
Reference:– Vlasto 891 ???, SNG ANS 1209???. HN Italy 1037
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Kingdom of Luang Prabang60 viewsAE Lat
Copper / Bronze
Size 95 mm
Weight 53g
Early 18th C
Ref. Mitchiner 3018

This coinage consists of a series of unstamped billion or near copper/brass ingots from what is modern-day Thailand. The slightly raised ends leads to the popular name of "canoe money". This one being 95mm long is one of the early ones. The practice of making these probably ended with the establishment of the French Protectrate in 1889.

*Purchased from Robert Tye in 1992.
Temple of Diana60 viewsCaracalla --AE32, Augusta Trajana. R: Temple of Diana, tree on each side. cf. SNG Evelpedis 1037 3 commentsfeatherz
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #260 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 260v, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter seated left, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter seated left holding Victory and sceptre at his feet eagle.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,53g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-260v, p-249, Hill-1519, RSC-277b
Castulo, Baetica, Spain, c. 150 - 100 B.C.?60 viewsBronze AE 30; Lindgren II 43, Sear GIC 15, (SNG BM Spain 1298); Weight 18.5 g, max. diameter 30.4 mm; Castulo mint, Obv. diademed young male head right, Rev. helmeted sphinx walking right, left leg raised [star before], KASTILO in Iberic script in ex; Dark olive patina, rev. edge bevelled.

Background Info., courtesy of Forvm Ancient Coins;

Of tradition, a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal and gained the alliliance of the city with the Carthaginian Empire. In 213 BCE, Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents of city and the city became an foederati (ally) of Rome.
1 commentsSteve E
Chedworth Baths Changing room 1.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 13, Bath complex, Mosaic detail60 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
Thrace, Cherronesos, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet, 60 viewsThrace, Cherronesos, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet,
avers:- Forepart of lion right, head turned back.
revers:- Quadripartite incuse with a pellet-pellet in the sunken quarters.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 2,36g, axis: 1h,
mint: Thrace, Cherronesos, date: cca. 400-350 B.C., ref: SNG-Cop-824-6,
Kuang-hsu (1875 - 1908)60 viewsT’ung-pao
Kwangtung Province
Daniel F
Ap. Claudius Pulcher, T. Maloleius, Q. Urbinius denarius. 111-110 B.C60 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right, ?device behind.
Victory in triga right.
Mallia 2, Claudia 3, Cr299/1b, Syd 570a
Claudius II Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 77860 viewsAE 20-21 mm 3.5 grams
OBV :: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head right
REV :: CONSECRATIO. High altar with Garland in front, flames at top
EX :: none
Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 778
from uncleaned lot 08/2008
60 viewsGREEK; Antiochus III, King of Syria, 223-187 BC;
AE 12, Antioch mint; Obv: Laureated head of
Apollo right. Rev: Apollo standing left, holds
arrow and leans on bow. Houghton 70
Spaer 583 Coin #622
Aurelian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 160 viewsAurelian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 1
271-272 AD. A K L DOM AVPHLIANOC CEB, laureate
cuirassed bust right / L-A, eagle standing right,
wreath in its beak, palm behind milne 4356
This coin has an extremely high silver content.
The silver can actually be seen on all the high points
of the coin! Coin #73
2 commentscars100
Greek, Syria, Apameia, ca.1st cent. B.C.60 viewsAE 20, Apameia, ca. 1st cent. B.C. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche facing right, dotted border. Rev: Nike advancing holding filleted wreath, APAMEWN THS EIPAS KAI ASYLOY, AN in right field, Seleukid era date GMS (70/69 BC) to right of Nike. Similar to Lindgren I, 2034, but with an unlisted date (Seleukid as opposed to Pompeian) and AN in field. Not in Lindgren, Not in Sear, Not in Hoover HGC 9.Molinari
60 viewsecoli
60 viewsecoli
Julia Domna, Fortuna60 viewsJulia Domna
AR Denarius; 18-20mm; 3.64g

Draped bust right

Fortuna standing left holding out-turned cornucopia and resting left arm on rudder

RIC 552, RSC 55, BMC 24
Thrace, Cherronesos60 viewsCherronesos, Thrace (Black Sea)
350-300 BC

O: Forepart of lion right, head reverted
R: Quadripartite incuse square, Ar beside pellet /pentagram

Ar Hemidrachm; 12mm; 2.35g
1 commentsarizonarobin
Julia Domna, Felicitas60 viewsJulia Domna
AR silver Denarius

draped bust right

Felicitas standing, head left, holding short caduceus and long scepter

RIC 551, RSC 47, BMC 22
Commodus RIC III, 25160 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AR - denarius, 16.34mm, 2.49g
Rome, AD 192
Bearded head of Commodus, wearing lion-skin headdress
rev. HER - CVL / ROM - AN / AV - GV on both sides of
Hercules' club in oak-wreath
RIC III, 251; C.190; BMC 339
scarce, VF/VF, toned, on a small flan as usual, but nice portrait

This is one of the types showing Commodus as Hercules, sign of his madness.
1 commentsJochen
E60 viewsConstans AE2

Attribution: RIC 199s, Siscia, scarce
Date: AD 348-350
Obverse: DN CONSTA-S PF AVF, laureate head r.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor stg. l. on galley, holding phoenix on globe and labarum, Victory sits at the helm, BSIS in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm

A phoenix is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians, and (according to Sanchuniathon) Phoenicians. A phoenix has a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet (or purple, blue, and green according to some legends). It has a 500 to 1000 year life-cycle, near the end of which it builds itself a nest of twigs that then ignites; both nest and bird burn fiercely and are reduced to ashes, from which a new, young phoenix or phoenix egg arises, reborn anew to live again. The new phoenix is destined to live as long as its old self.
3 commentsNoah
Constantine I VOT XX RIC 233.jpg
Constantine I VOT XX RIC VII Arles 23360 viewsAE3, 18x20mm, 2.13g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head R.

Reverse: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT/XX in wreath.

Exe: P crescent A (Arles, Officina 1).

RIC VII 233, 321, C2.
constantine II glor ex com.JPG
constantine II RIC VII Antioch 10960 viewsAE 15-17 mm 1.6grams 333-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C . Laureate and cuirassed bust right
REV :: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS. Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground. Single standard between them..2 badges on banner with dots in center
EX :: SMANS ( Antioch)
RIC VII Antioch 109
RIC rated C1
from uncleaned lot 07/2007
*SOLD*60 viewsConstantine I AE3 Follis

Attribution: RIC VII 167, Ticinum
Date: AD 322-325
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head r.
Reverse: DN CONSTANTINIMAX AVG, VOT dot XX and crescent below within wreath,
ST in exergue
Size: 17.2 mm
Weight: 2.82 grams

This was my gift to my father on Father's Day 2010...a history fan himself, he LOVED it!!
3 commentsNoah
Constantinipoli com.JPG
City Commemorative60 viewsAE 17 mm 3.1 grams 337-340 AD
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS. laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear bust left
REV :: ** no legend ** . Victory standing left with right foot on prow of ship. Scepter in right hand, left hand resting on shield on ground.
EX :: SMALB ( Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 64
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
1 commentsJohnny
Constantius II RIC VII, Trier 48060 viewsConstantius II 324-361, son of Constantine I
AE - reduced Follis (AE 3)
Trier 1st officina, AD 326, 3.02g, 18.15mm, 4h
bust laureate, draped and cuirassed, l.
camp-gate, without doors, with two turrets, one star above
exergue: PTR dot above crescent
RIC VII, Trier 480
near mint state, brown patina

The emperor wears at his left shoulder a fur trimming, called in German 'Trierer Pelzchen', i.e. 'small fur from Trier', due to the cold climate in this part of Germany.
From the Killingholme hoard (deposited around 333-334), found 1993
2 commentsJochen
1408a, Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D. (Cyzicus)60 viewsBronze half centenionalis, RIC 106, F, Cyzicus mint, 2.603g, 18.8mm, 0o, 351-354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, SMKE in exergue.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II60 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
2 commentslaney
Constantius II RIC VIII 9060 viewsObv:DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
pearl-diadem, draped & cuirassed bust right
soldier spearing fallen horseman.
SMHA in ex
18mm 2.7gm
Constantius II RIC VIII 9060 viewsObv:DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
pearl-diadem, draped & cuirassed bust right
soldier spearing fallen horseman.
SMHr in ex
18mm 2.7gm
Corinthia, Corinth, Marcus Aurelius, SNG Cop. 32960 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 25, 11.25g
bust, laureate, r.
rev. CLI - COR
The young Melikertes laying on a dolphin, swimming r., behind a pine-tree(?)
SNG Copenhagen 329; Lindgren 1619; BCD 700; Edwards 150, pl.IV
rare, good F-about VF, green-brown patina
added to

Corinth at this time was a Roman colony, therefore the Latin inscriptions.
The revers legend CLI - COR is solved to COLONIA LAUS IULIA CORINTHUS.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
3 commentsJochen
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