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SIKYONIA. Sikyon. Circa 330/20-280 BC. AR Triobol 65 viewsSIKYONIA. Sikyon. Circa 330/20-280 BC. AR Triobol (14mm - 2.80 gm). Chimaera left; SI below / Dove flying left; BCD 294; SNG Copenhagen 57; BMC 111. VF, toned, decent metal quality.

Ex Gitbud Naumann
Spain65 viewsKm786 - 5 Pesetas - 1957
Km807 - 5 Pesetas - 1975
Km817 - 5 Pesetas - 1980 (82 World Cup Soccer)
Km787 - 25 Pesetas - 1957
Km808 - 25 Pesetas - 1975
Km818 - 25 Pesetas - 1980 World Cup Soccer
Km809 - 50 Pesetas - 1975
Km829 - 200 Pesetas - 1986
Daniel Friedman
Valentinian II Thessalonica REPARATIO REIPVB65 viewsRIC IX Thessalonica 37b C
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers: LAETITIA-FVND, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and anchor in left hand. (Laet-1).
exerg: -/-//XXIB, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 4h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-89, T-(Estiot)-3538,
Titus RIC 4165 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Taras, Calabria65 views500-430 BC (Period I)
AR Litra (10mm, 0.68g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Head of Taras left.
Vlasto 1166; Cote 53; McGill II, 145
Very Scarce
From the Lewis Egnew collection. ex Superior Galleries; ex Harlan J. Berk

A wonderful example of late archaic style, these early litrae are all fairly scarce and quite desirable.
The reverse of this type is often referred to as ‘Female head left’, or ‘Head of nymph Satyra left’. George Brauer Jr. confirms this in his book 'Taras; It's History and Coinage' (1986), but cites no source. Satyra was the mother of Taras. The style differs slightly from die to die, but in none of them do I really see a female head. Effeminate perhaps, but Apollo and Dionysus have both taught us that lesson.
So once again I find myself agreeing with Vlasto and I believe this to be the head of Taras, which was also common to some of the larger coins of the period.
Both left and right facing busts are known.

Με βαθύτατη ευγνωμοσύνη αγαπητέ μου αγαπητέ φίλε Σηαννον
3 commentsEnodia
The Telephos Frieze65 viewsTelephos was the mythic founder of Pergamon, one of the most beautiful cities of the Hellenistic age. Some scenes which describe Telephos' adventures, housed at the Pergamon Museum in the former East Berlin, were on exhibit at the Palazzo Ruspoli in 1996-7. Originally, 22 centuries ago, this beautiful sculpture was placed along the perimeter of the inner walls of the Zeus Altar at Pergamum. The Telephos Frieze was composed of a sequence of 52 panels. In the 19th century, German archaeologists were able to "save" only a portion of this magnificent work of ancient art.

To view 12 of these panels see:
Tet I. b.JPG
Tetricus I. Antoninian tta2.65 viewsTetricus I. Antoninian, 6. Emission, struck 273-274 AD at Trier mint.
Obv: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HILARITAS AVGG, Holaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopiae.
Ř 19-23 mm, 2.72 g.
RIC 79, Zschucke 287

EF. I like the style of this portrait!
2 commentsPscipio
Macedonia, Thessalonica, Julia Domna, AMNG 5265 viewsJulia Domna, AD 198-217, wife of Septimius Severus
AE 24
bust, draped, r.
distyle aedicula with gabled roof within kabeiros stg. frontal, head l., wearing
short chiton and chlamys, hanging down before and behind him, holding
hammer in raised l. hand and in r. hand rhyton, which is shaped as four-footed
AMNG III, 52 (1 ex., London); not in Touratsoglou
very rare, VF
added to

The rhyton with the four-footed animal is known as animal protomen rhyton. It could be eventually a pegasos rhyton as on Touratsoglou 326, VIB/3.
2 commentsJochen
Tiberius denar65 viewsPONTIF MAXIM1 commentstibsi67
Titus AR Denarius65 views Titus, as Augustus. 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
AR Denarius
Ob: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head of Titus, facing right.
Rv: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, diadem on a draped table; also described as throne with back in form of a diadem with corn ears.
Struck 80 A.D.
RIC 242, RSC 313, RCV 846, Sear/RCV 2514
Dark toned, dullish surface.
Scotvs Capitis
Titus RIC-12965 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 129 (C), BMC 80, RSC 323
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod with fillets; above, dolphin
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, October 2008.

Rarer left facing portrait of the type. The right facing example was probably minted at a ratio of 10:1 compared to the left facing.

Another tough coin to track down. Nicely centered with a better than average portrait.
1 commentsvespasian70
Countermarked Troas! :)65 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
Trajan Denarius65 views112-114 AD. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate draped bust right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy2 commentsancientone
Trajanus sestertius Roma receiving victory from Trajan RIC 45165 viewsTrajan AE Sestertius. 103 AD. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM DACICVS P M, laureate bust right / TR P VII IMP IIII COS V P P, Roma seated right receiving Victory from the togate Emperor standing before her, S C in ex. RIC 451, Cohen 599mattpat
Trajan RIC II, 24565 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117 n.Chr.
AR - Denarius, 3.05g, 18.4mm
Rome, AD 112-117
Bust, laureate, r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
in ex. ARAB ADQ
Arabia stg. facing, head l., holding branch in r. r. hand and balsam cane in l. arm; behind her feet camel walking l.
RIC II, 245; C.26; BMC 474
about EF, attractive toned
From Forum Ancient Coins, thank you!

(1) ARAB ADQ = Arabia adquisita, Arabia acquired (not conquered!)
(2) The object in the l. arm is often called 'bundle of cinnamon sticks', but the extensions which are clearly seen on this specimen could better be explained by the rhizome (rootstock) of the balsam cane (as is stated in RIC too!)
2 commentsJochen
Kingdom of Lydia Alyattes II EL Trite65 viewsKingdom of Lydia. Alyattes II EL Trite. 610-560 BC. Sardes mint, 4.67g, 13mm.
O: Confronted lion’s heads (only the right is visible); walwet (partially off flan) between.
R: Double incuse square punch. Weidauer 93.

The Kingdom of Lydia under the Mermnad dynasty may well have been the originator of coinage in the Mediterranean world. It possessed rich deposits of electrum, an alloy of gold and silver, which was the only metal used for coin production in its earliest stages. While most of these coins are anepigraphic, a small number of types bear either the the inscription walwet or kukalim in Lydian, the former thought to be the name of the Mermnad king known from Greek sources as Alyattes.

On trites such as this coin, the oversized die features two confronted lion's heads, with the inscription between them, although only the right or left lion is ever fully visible. It would seem the dies were initially produced for the striking of staters, although none survive.
Turkey AH1327/6 1914 - 10 Kurus65 viewsOttoman Empire, Silver 10 Kurus.
Constantinople Mint.
.8300 Silver .3210 oz ASW
Mintage: 81,000

* Photos taken through coin flip. *
USA - 1849 Large Cent65 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
USA - 1851 Large Cent65 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 9,889,707
Vespasian-RIC-142265 viewsAR Denarius, 2.72g
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1422 (R), BMC 447, RSC 289, RPC 826 (4 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, BY

This was a tough one to ID. The obverse legend is not the most legible at a crucial area - the COS date. Upon having it in hand I can see it is COS II. The reverse should have one of two mint marks below the bust, but it is completely worn away. Luckily I found a reverse die match, amazingly the RIC plate coin for 1422, putting this denarius in group 4 with the BY mint mark.

A decent coin with excellent toning and in fine Ephesian style. Much better in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1426(5A)465 viewsAR Denarius, 2.78g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1426(5A)4, BMC -, RSC -, RPC -
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark. It has been added to the Flavian RIC II Addenda.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
v2053LG bk.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire, Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), AR Drachm65 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
30-01 - AELIO (136 - 138 D.C.)65 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "L AELIVS CAESAR" - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TR POT COS II" - Pietas (La Piedad) estante a der. ante un altar, levantando su mano der. y sosteniendo su vestido con izq. "PIETAS" en los campos.

Acuńada 137 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #438 Pag.393 - RSC Vol.II #36 Pag. 163 - BMCRE Vol.II #989 - Cohen Vol.II #36 Pag.261 - DVM #4/2 var. Pag.133 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3971 Pag.199 - St. Vol.I #389 - Hill UCR #840
2 commentsmdelvalle
VALENS-865 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm

Exe: *F/ASISC/M Siscia mint

Ref: RIX IX 15b type xvi 2.7g 18mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
Valentinian I RIC IX 5a65 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
emperor dragging captive by hair & holding labarum
dot Gamma SISC in ex.
20mm 2.5 gm
Valerian Junior 40.jpg
Valerian Jr. - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST65 viewsObv:- LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

VESPASIAN65 viewsAR denarius. 69-70 AD. 3,22grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG / Trophy; to right, Jewess, in attitude of mourning, seated right . In exergue IVDAEA.
RIC 2. Hendin 1479. RSC 226
Rome, Lead Seal, #11,65 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #11,quadrans
GENIO POP ROM - Constantine I65 viewsAE Follis, London, Autumn 307 - Early 310
5.86gm, 25mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

RIC VII.103 (S), ex. Tom Wood, ex. Steve Clayton
Paul DiMarzio
Vitellius Denarius65 viewsLaureate head right, A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P / Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below, XV VIR SACR FAC. Rome mint, April - December 20, AD69. RIC I 109 (pg. 273).socalcoins
Taras, Calabria65 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Weight-Q-017_AE_65 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
Saladin, AE Dirham65 viewsEl-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub (Saladin)
AE Dirham, Minted in Al-Jazira, 1184 AD

Obverse: ﻯﺯﺎﻏﻦﺑ ﻩﺎﺷﺮﺠﻨﺳﺮﻔﻈﻤﻟﺍﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ (El-Melik el-Muzaffer Sencerţah bin Gazi), Bust facing quarter left:winged Nikes flying above

Reverse: ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍﻪﻠﻟﺍ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ /ﺏﻮﻳﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻒﺳﻮﻳﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ /ﺔﺋﺎﻤﺴﻤﺧﻭ ﻦﻴﻧﺎﻤﺛﻭ ﻊﺑﺭﺍ ﺔﻨﺳ ( El-Nasýr lidinillah emir'ül müminin / El-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub / Sene 58x)

Steve Album, Checklist of Islamic coins A1882 (Scarce)

29mm , 13.4gm

Jerome Holderman
a.ANONYMOUS AE Quarter-Litra 241-222 BC65 views
D/ Helmeted hd. of Diana r.
R/ Dog walking r.; in ex. ROMA

Syd. 22
ZEUGITANA_ Augustus.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. Augustus65 viewsObverse: Bare head left
Reverse: P P/D D across field
Mint : Carthage, ZEUGITANA
Date : Struck AD 10
Reference : RPC 745.14 (this coin); MAA 102; SNG Copenhagen 417
Grade : Fine
Weight : 5.57g
Denom : As
Metal : AE
Dealer : CNG
Acquired: 14/05/08
Comments : black-green patina, traces of red and green deposits, From the Patrick Villemur Collection
Augusta Traiana Lucius Verus Tullius Maximus65 viewsAUGUSTA TRAIANA

AE 32 15.80g

Lucius Verus

Q. Tullius Maximus (161-169 AD)

Laureate head right

City-gate with three turrets with battlements

rough patina; decent detail on rx

Schönert-Geiss "Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis" #80 p. 65 depicted Tafel 5; Varbanov (E) II 919 p. 83 ( Lanz specimen depicted); BMC -; Mionnet -
Petrus Elmsley
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.64 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
0084 - Denarius Calpurnia 67 BC64 viewsObv/Head of Apollo r., hair tied with band; behind, monogram.
Rev/Horseman r., holding palm; above, E retrograde and pellet; below, C PISO L F FRV.

Ag, 18.6mm, 3.45g
Moneyer: C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 408/1b (o: 43 var./r: 47) [dies o/r: 144/175 (all var.)] - Syd. 850
ex-Baldwin's, NY Sale XXV, lot 149
2 commentsdafnis
Vespasianus, Middle bronze64 viewsIMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII P P, laureate head right
Eagle facing, head right, on a globe, SC in field
9.16 gr
Cohen # 482
Potator II
TIBERIUS64 viewsAE 28. Italica. 14-37 AD. 14.45 g. Bare head of Tiberius right. TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS PON MAX IMP. / Altar inscribed PROVIDE/NTIAE/ AVGVSTI in three lines. MVNIC ITALIC PERM DIVI AVG around. RPC I 65; Vives 168/9; Chaves 115-263. Mottled red-brown and green-brown patina.
CNG.The coin shop 153806.
MACEDONIA, NEAPOLIS, 424-350 BC64 viewsHemidrachm, 15mm, 1.7g

O. Gorgon's hd. facing, with tongue protruding.
R. Young female hd. r., laur. NEOP

GCV1416, SNG ANS 455-6, AMNG III 81-9
Lucilla, Sestertius64 viewsRome mint, circa 164-166 AD
VENVS, Venus standing left, holding an apple and raising drapery from left shoulder, SC in field
24.42 gr
Ref : Cohen # 77, RCV # 5507
Potator II
0165 - Denarius Titus 79 AC64 viewsObv/ T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS, laureate head of T. r.
Rev/ TR POT VIII COS VII, Venus standing r., leaning on column, naked to waist, holding helmet and spear.

Ag, 18.7 mm, 3.42 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC II.1/1078 [C]
ex-Soler y Llach, auction feb 2012, lot 71 (Turrinus colln.)
1 commentsdafnis
019 Hieron II 16 litras.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II, 16 litras64 viewsDatación: 274-216 aC
Valor: 16 litras
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 988. BMC 550. Burnett 41. SNG Cop 824. SNG ANS 876. SNGuk 0300 1013
Conservación: BC+/MBC+
Metal: AG
Peso: 11,72 gr.
Diámetro: 25,70 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza velada y diademada de la reina Philistis (esposa de Hieron II) a izquierda.
Reverso: Cuadriga a derecha conducida por Nike sosteniendo riendas. Encima leyenda greiega BASILISSAS con media luna debajo. Debajo de los caballos espiga y en el campo a derecha KIS. En exergo leyenda griega FILISTIDOS
2 commentsJuan B
Plautilla, Provincial - Caesaraea drachm64 viewsCappadocia, Caesaraea - Eusebia), AD 205.
ΦΟΥΛΟΥΙ ΠΛΑΥ ΑΥ, draped bust right
ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΑΙCΑ, Agalma of Mt. Argaeus with star. In ex., CΤΙΓ : regnal year 13 of Sept. Severus, 205 AD
2.69 g, 19mm
Ref : Sydenham -; SNG Copenhagen -; Sear 2775v.
Sydenham-Malloy, p. 152, no. 496b
cf. Lanz auction # 117/956
thanks to Curtis Clay for additionnal information
Potator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus Sestertius64 viewsRIC III 1426 Rome
28.65 g, 30 mm x 33 mm
L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIA AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
TR POT V IMP II COS II, Verus standing, head left, holding spear, two standards at each side, SC in exergue.
2 commentsMark Z
Diadumenian, Denarius64 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Didius Julianus AR Denarius64 viewsRIC IVa 3, RSC 15, BMC 7
2.81 g, 17 mm x 18 mm
IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed right
RECTOR ORBIS, Didius standing left, holding globe & roll
2 commentsMark Z2
Nero to Trajan64 viewsA virtual tray showing coins as they are actually displayed in my collection
Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
1 commentsPotator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0164 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC I, Eagle with open wings,64 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC I, Eagle with open wings,
avers:- AVT-Λ-KAI-KOMOΔOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NEIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-I, Eagle with open wings, standing frontal on thunderbolt, head left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,13g, axes: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012), p-32, PB-1247, HM-895,
Saloninus, Middle bronze64 viewsRome mint, AD 258-260
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus standing left holding globe and spear. A captive at his feet. S - C in field Mintmark ? at exergue
7.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 10778 v, Cohen # 90, RIC # 34
Potator II
Gallienus Antoninianus64 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue.
MIR records only 2 examples of this variety
Ex: Malloy Antiquities, FORVM
3 commentsMark Z
Thrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,64 viewsThrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,
avers:- AYT-K-M-AYP-CEV-ANTΩ-NEINOC, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Homonia left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 12,25g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Constantius II, Light Miliarense, FERRANDO, L'atelier monétaire d'Arles de Constantin ŕ Romulus 313-476 - # 102664 viewsArles mint (Arelate), 3d officina
DN CONSTAN TIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Constantius right
VIRTVS EXERCITVS, Constantius (soldier) facing holding spear and shield. TCON at exergue
4,54 gr ; 22,6 mm
Ref : RIC VII # 252, Ferrando II # 1026 (this coin), Cohen #326, RC #3993v
Potator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #164 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
1 commentsquadrans
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 127, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #164 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 127, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #1
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:21,5-23,5mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, C-,
076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), Antioch, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,64 views076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), Antioch, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-VI-COS-PP, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!!
1 commentsquadrans
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)64 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
Crusader States, Normans of Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro, Spahr 117.64 viewsCrusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro (24-25 mm), 8,82 g.
Obv.: Facing head of lioness within circle of dots.
Re.: Palm tree with five branches and two bunches of dates, within circle of dots.
Biaggi 1231, Spahr 117 ; Grie 210 (Roger II); Thom 2480 .

William II of Sicily (1153-1189), called the Good, was king of Sicily and Naples from 1166 to 1189.
William was only thirteen years old at the death of his father William I, when he was placed under the regency of his mother, Margaret of Navarre.
Until the king came of age in 1171 the government was controlled first by the chancellor Stephen du Perche, cousin of Margaret (1166-1168), and then by Walter Ophamil, archbishop of Palermo, and Matthew of Ajello, the vice-chancellor.
William's character is very indistinct. Lacking in military enterprise, secluded and pleasure-loving, he seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign is marked by an ambitious foreign policy and a vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa. In 1174 and 1175 he made treaties with Genoa and Venice and his marriage in February 1177 with Joan, daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, marks his high position in European politics.
In July 1177, he sent a delegation of Archbishop Romuald of Salerno and Count Roger of Andria to sign the Treaty of Venice with the emperor. To secure the peace, he sanctioned the marriage of his aunt Constance, daughter of Roger II, with Frederick's son Henry, afterwards the emperor Henry VI, causing a general oath to be taken to her as his successor in case of his death without heirs. This step, fatal to the Norman kingdom, was possibly taken that William might devote himself to foreign conquests.
Unable to revive the African dominion, William directed his attack on Egypt, from which Saladin threatened the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. In July 1174, 50,000 men were landed before Alexandria, but Saladin's arrival forced the Sicilians to re-embark in disorder. A better prospect opened in the confusion in Byzantine affairs which followed the death of Manuel Comnenus (1180), and William took up the old design and feud against Constantinople. Durazzo was captured (June 11, 1185). Afterwards while the army marched upon Thessalonica, the fleet sailed towards the same target capturing on their way the Ionian islands of Corfu, Cephalonia,Ithaca and Zakynthos. In August Thessalonica surrendered to the joint attack of the Sicilian fleet and army.
The troops then marched upon the capital, but the troop of the emperor Isaac Angelus overthrew the invaders on the banks of the Strymon (September 7, 1185). Thessalonica was at once abandoned and in 1189 William made peace with Isaac, abandoning all the conquests. He was now planning to induce the crusading armies of the West to pass through his territories, and seemed about to play a leading part in the Third Crusade. His admiral Margarito, a naval genius equal to George of Antioch, with 60 vessels kept the eastern Mediterranean open for the Franks, and forced the all-victorious Saladin to retire from before Tripoli in the spring of 1188.
In November 1189 William died, leaving no children. Though Orderic Vitalis records a (presumably short-lived) son in 1181: Bohemond, Duke of Apulia. His title of "the Good" is due perhaps less to his character than to the cessation of internal troubles in his reign. The "Voyage" of Ibn Jubair, a traveller in Sicily in 1183-1185, shows William surrounded by Muslim women and eunuchs, speaking and reading Arabic and living like "a Moslem king."

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers: Eirene/Pax standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, L-Δ left at foot.
exerg: LΔ/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 6,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., LΔ Year 4., ref: Emmet-3986, Milne 4551, Geissen-3139, Dattari-5530, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.19-p-339,
110 Domitian64 viewsDomitian A.D. 81-96
AR Denarius

Domitian Denarius. 92 AD.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right,

IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, holding spear.

RSC 271 RIC 733 ex W. Phillips

Jan - Sept 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
K in circle64 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Philip Sr. (?). Ć 22. A.D. 244-249. Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (ΠE)PΓA-IΩN. Vulcan seated right, holding hammer in left hand. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360°. Weight: 4.70 g. CM: K in circle, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 672 (8 pcs). Note: This specimen is on the small side for group 672, the specimens recorded by Howgego ranging from 23-32 mm and 6.98-21.43 grams. It is impossible to decide where the countermark was applied, although the specimens recorded by Howgego were originally minted in Phrygia, Pamphylia, Cilicia and Pisidia. Collection Automan.Automan
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I Thrax, AE Sestertius, RIC 6764 viewsSesterce, Maximin 1er, 235-236 (Bronze) C.100 - RIC.67 - BMC/RE.27
Avers : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Maximin Ier ŕ droite vu de trois quarts en arričre (A*2) ; portrait B. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG.
Revers : Victoria (la Victoire), drapée et ailée, allant ŕ droite, brandissant une couronne de la main droite et tenant une palme de la main gauche. VICTO-RI-A AVG SC.
2 commentsbgaut
German states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A.64 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A. Crowned R divides date / 24 EINEN THALER A above sprigs.

KM 15
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.64 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him Ł15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
German States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer.64 viewsGerman States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer. MAX.IOS.H.L.B.C.&, head right / crowned arms divides value and date.

KM 310 var.
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius64 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
1954 2.jpg
Sear 1954 264 viewsOrthodoxcoins
1968 1.jpg
Sear 1968 164 viewsOrthodoxcoins
Bithynian Kingdom / Reign of Prusias I64 views228-185 BC
AE17 (3.88g)
O: Laureate head of Apollo right.
R: BAΣIΛEΩΣ and ΠPOYΣIOY on either side of quiver and bow.
SNG Cop 146; SNG von Aulock 250; Sear 7263; BMC 13 209,9
1 commentsEnodia
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), France, First Republic, Copper 12 Deniers LAN II, 179364 viewsFrance. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 1793. REPUBLIQUE FRANCOISE LAN II / LIBERTE EGALITE, scales and laurel wreath

AA mintmark
KM 122a.1
1 commentsoneill6217
Roman Empire, Gordian III AR Antoninianus.64 views Rome, AD 241-243. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right / IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing right with sceptre and thunderbolt. RIC 84,RSC 109.Ruslan K
238- Constantius Gallus, Victory.JPG
Constantius Gallus, Victory64 viewsAE3, 351-354 AD, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, Draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory Facing holding a wreath in each hand
?SIS in exergue
RIC 314
19mm , 2.1gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
24 Caracalla, Stobi 3.JPG
Caracalla, Macedonia, Stobi #364 viewsAE 24, 198-217 AD
Obv:MAVREL ANTONIN, Laureate head right.
Rev: MVNICI STOBE, Nike standing right holding trophy.
24mm, 6.5gm
Moushmov, 6554
1 commentsjdholds
257a Licinius I.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VII 67, Aquileia64 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
Rev: DOMINI (dot) N (dot) LICINI AVG
VOT XX in 2 lines within laurel wreath
Exe: AQS
Mint: Aquiliea
Date: 320-321 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "R1"
31- Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum-2.JPG
Diadumenian , Nikopolis ad Istrum- 264 viewsAE27, 217-218 AD
Obv: KMORELLOC DIADOVMENIANOC, Bare, draped bust right.
Rev: CTA LONGINOU NIKOPOLITWN PRO CI, Nike standing , wings spread , leaning on column, holding palm and wreath.
27mm, 13.5gm
3 commentsjdholds
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III64 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Glass Bottle, Late 2nd - 4th Century A.D.64 viewsOlive-green bottle; Isings Form 102a, cf. Ontario Museum 209
12.7 cm (5") tall
Choice, clear olive-green, cylindrical body widening slightly from shoulder to base,
flat shoulder, cylindrical short neck, flared rim
intact with some cracks, attractive weathering
Ex: FORVM, Alex Malloy Collection
(Notes and Picture from FORVM website)
3 commentsMark Z
S. 0352 Chien Yuan Chung Pao Large cash circa 756-62 A.D.64 viewsSchjoth 352 Chien Yuan Chung Pao Large cash circa 756-62 A.D. Grades crusty Fine+

Size: 30 mm Weight: 9.15 grams
1929 ALEXIUS AE TETARTERON S-1929 DOC 38 CLBC 2.4.5 64 viewsOBV Bust of Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds gospels open in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross.

REV. Bust facing wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger, and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 18/20mm

Weight 4.2

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

DOC lists 9 examples with weight s running from 1.82gm to 5.10gm and size from 18mm to 22mm

My example has more detail than normally seen, most of these coins have no faces recognizable on either side.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus, Antoninianus64 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG. Radiate bust right.
Rev: MONETA AVG. Moneta standing facing left holding scales and cornucopiae.
54- Constantine INVICTO DN.JPG
54-Constantine SOL INVICTO COM DN64 viewsAE3, 307-337, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SOL INVICTO COM DN, Sol standing left holding Victory on globe. Star left , crescent right.
RP in exergue
18mm , 3.4gm.
RIC 49
1 commentsjdholds
Vespasian RIC-68564 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R), BMC p. 27*, RSC 386
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, AE3 Thessalonica64 viewsAttribution: RIC 153 (RIC VII), Cohen 454

Mint: Thessalonica; SMTSΓ

Date: 326-328 AD

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; laureate head right

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; campgate with two turrets, star above, SMTSΓ in exergue

Size: 19mm

Weight: 3.26 grams
Livia - Julia Augusta - Augustus 14-29 CE64 viewsGB71021. Bronze AE 16, Karbach Augusta 19,6; RPC I 4007; SNG BnF 1891; SNG Cop 69; SNGvA 5531 - 5532, F, Cilicia, Augusta mint, weight 3.549g, maximum diameter 15.9mm, die axis 0o, 20 - 29 A.D; obverse draped bust right; reverse capricorn left, holding globe, six-rayed star above, AYΓOYCTA/NΩN below;1 commentsNORMAN K
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)64 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
R: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left.
RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87 SRCV III 8937

Very Heavy!
5 commentsMat
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)64 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
ALEXANDER III THE GREAT (336-323)64 viewsAR drachm, (4,14 g. - 17-18 mm)
Abydos mint. Struck circa 310-301 BC.
under Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC.
Vs: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin.
Rs: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of Ammon right; ivy leaf below throne.
Price 1551. _17988 sold
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
amisos64 viewsAmisos - Ares and sword in sheath AE 22 Amisos 2nd - 1st Century BC. Amisos is a Greek city on the Black Sea coast founded in 6th century BC. , 8.53 g. Obv.: Head of young Ares wearing helmet. Rev.: Sword in sheath Legend in Greek. Ref.: D. Sear Greek coins and their values, Vol. II, p. 340, 3643dpaul7
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-186, AR-Obulus, #0364 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-186, AR-Obulus, #03
avers: Crowned head facing, in pointed arch between two towers, border of dots.
revers: Cross with stars in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,1 mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-186, CHN-1-220, Huszar-260,
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica64 viewsObv: St. Demetrius (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Crowned by Christ/Virgin, Star Above, Backward "B" Below
Sear 2360
1 commentsLaetvs
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin64 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius, RIC 819, As of AD 145-147 (fourth donative)64 viewsĆ As (12.2g, Ř28mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: LI BERA LIT AS IIII (around), S C (in ex.) Emperor seated in a chair on platform; before is standing Libertas holding an abacus ("counting board") and cornucopiae; below in front of the platform is standing a citizen holding is toga.
RIC 819(*); Cohen 500(*); BMC 1750; Strack 991
* both Cohen as well as RIC ommit COS IIII from the obverse legend for this type. BMC and Strack have the complete obverse legend.
ex D. Ruskin (Oxford, 1996)

Issued on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius with Faustina Jr. celebrated with a fourth donative
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE / Emperor Antoninius Pius AD 138 - 16164 viewsAntoninius Pius AE Sestertius / Victory
Rome Mint . AD 143
A fine style.

(Under Study )

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
1 commentsSam
Antoninus Pius denarius64 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius64 viewsObv: CAES AEL ANTONINVS AVG - Bare head right.
Rev: PONT MAX TR POT COS - Diana standing right, holding arrow and bow.
Cat #: RIC 1b
Notes: Scarce, with only two examples in Reka Devnia hoard.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AR denarius, Victoria reverse64 viewsOptimus
Antoninus Pius Elephant64 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE As, 6.4g, 138 - 161 AD (Struck 148 - 149 AD) RIC III 862a
BMCRE 1840, Cohen 565
OBV: PP TR P XII, Laureate head of Pius right
REV: MVNIFICENTIA AVG COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue, Elephant walking right.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)64 viewsĆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ř 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETAS (in ex.) S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 612; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1950; Strack (Hadrian) 907 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 279 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203 var.
ex G.Henzen (Netherlands, 2010)

Numismatic note: Rare. Strack found this type in 4 collections (of the 30 studied): Berlin, B.M., Paris, and Naples.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
Alexander III - Philip III64 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti64 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
ARLES *//SCONST64 viewsRIC VII - (see 351), LRBC - (see 355).
An unlisted mark, a later variant to the listed mark SCONST*. This mark is presumably later than that one, the star having been moved to the field for reasons of space. This issue is less common that the SCONST* mark but cannot be said to be very rare.
1 commentsadrianus
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)64 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
AS NERON RIC 312.jpg
14-02 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)64 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Victoria volando a izquierda, portando un escudo ovalado con las letras "SP/QR" inscriptas en el.

Acuńada 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #312 Pag.169 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1976 Pag.391 - BMCRE #241 - Cohen Vol.1 #288 Pag.298 - DVM #32a Pag.87 - CBN #399 - Mac Dowall WCN #285/90
Roman Empire, Philip II, AE As, Rome mint, struck 244-247 AD64 viewsM IVL PHILIPPVS CAES bare-headed draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C Philip II. standing left
RIC 256b; Cohen 50
Roman Empire, Caracalla, AE As, Rome mint, struck 215 AD64 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP, S-C Aesculapius standing left
RIC 553a; Cohen 304
1 commentsdupondius
Pamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater64 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater
Two naked athletes, wrestling, grasping each other by the arms. Reverse. Slinger advancing right, wearing short chiton about to discharge his sling, triskales before and Pamphylian script ESTFEDIIUS behind, all in dotted square.

Struck with a rusty obverse die but still shows nice detail and toning.

Ex Baldwins
2 commentsPhiloromaos
64 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)64 viewsAR Denarius, Lugdunum mint, c. 12 BC, 18.3mm, 3.56g, RIC I 174, RSC I 147
Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head r.
Rev: IMP•XI, Capricorn right, holding cross-hatched globe
Ex- Spink, ex- Gans Collection, ex- Forum Ancient Coins
2 commentsRemus22
Augustus AR denarius, Lyons, 3 BC - 13 AD64 viewsAugustus
AR denarius – 19mm
Lyons, 2 BC – AD 13
laureate head right
Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left
RIC 207, RSC 43, BMC 519
2 commentsArdatirion
Bahamas64 viewsKm2 - 1 cent - 1966
Km59 - 1 cent - 1974
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1987
Km6 - 25 Cents - 1966
Km63 - 25 Cents - 1985
Daniel Friedman
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0464 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #04
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// -o-, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:3,09g, axis: h,
mint: ???, date: , ref: ,
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #0164 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #01
avers:- BELA, anchor-like mark amongst three dots above and below; border of dots..
revers:- Retrograd Rx (Monogram), border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-093, CHN-1-111, Huszar-066a, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0164 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #01
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
BHM 0654. King George III enters the Fiftieth Year of his Reign, 180964 viewsObv. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of George III right, lion's head on shoulder GEORGIVS III D G BRITANNIARUM REX FID D Below NAT IV IUN MDCCXXVIII
Rev. Emblems of the arts and government around a crowned pedestal on which 25TH OCTR 1809,
around ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO REGNI (The fiftieth year of his reign).

WM45. BHM 654. Engraved by J Westwood.
C8. Caracalla64 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Laureate and bare bust, right.
Venus standing left, holding Victory and scepter while left arm rests on shield set on helmet.
Limes Falsa, 2.3 gm, 18.8 mm, Uncertain mint in the style of Rome (RIC 311b)
Comment: Very little is understood of these base metal denarii. Theories run the gamut from frontier military script; fourree cores, and on to modern copy.
1 commentsMassanutten
A11. Maxentius64 viewsReduced follis 5.3 gm 23.8 mm
Laureate head, right
Roma seated, facing, head left, in hexastyle temple holding globe and sceptre, shield at side. Two Victories as acroteria with wreath in pediment.
Minted 308/10 at Rome. mm: RBQ RIC VI, 210
Bronze engraved bracelet64 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.




Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4
Buckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross64 viewsBuckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross
type: AE Buckle,
size: 32x19mm,
weight: 5,98g,
date:V-VII centuries A.D.,
ref: Florin Curta "Still waiting for barbarians ?" page:432,.
distribution: Byzantion,
BYZ D 1.jpg
Justinian I64 viewsAE follis. Justinian the Great , Carthage Mint, D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG Facing, cuirassed bust, cross to right, holding globe with cross. / Large M, ANNO XIIII at sides, + above, S below, CAR in exergue.
Sear 261

1 commentsTanit
MASSIVE 29-30mm Uncleaned Byzantine Coin - EF++64 viewsEXCEPTIONAL BYZANTINE FOLLIS 29-30mm
Justinian I AE Follis. Constantinople mint. D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust r. / Large M between star and cross; above, cross; beneath, officina letter "A" CON in ex.

Antonio Protti
Byzantine Lead Seal64 viewsAttributed to Anasias or Iulianos. Pending more informationSpongeBob
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 33, Sestertius from AD 37-38 (three sisters)64 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.6g, Ř 34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 37-38
Obv.: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laurate head left
Rev.: AGRIPPINA - DRVSILLA - IVLIA (left, above, and right) S C (ex.), Caligula's three sisters: Agrippina (Jr.), the eldest sister, as Securitas, leaning on column, holding cornucopiae, and placing left hand on Drusilla's shoulder; Drusilla, the middle sister, as Concordia, holding patera and cornucopiae; and Julia Livilla, the youngest, as Fortuna, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
RIC 33 (R); BMCRE 36, 37; Cohen 4 (25 Fr.); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values) 1800
ex Macho & Chlapovic Auction 2 (april 2012)

1 commentsCharles S
Caracalla, RIC IV, 311(c) var.64 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AR - Antoninianus, 5.33g, 24.04mm, 315°
Rome, 2.half AD 215
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
Venus, in long garment, r. breast bare, stg. facing, head l., holding Victoriola in
outstretched r. hand and transverse scepter in l. hand; leaning with l. ellbow on
oval shield set on helmet.
RIC IV/1, 311(c) var. (holds spear, not sceptre); C.608; BMC 78 (Dorchester Hoard 1937)
Scarce, EF

This is one of the earliest Antoniniani! There was a previous one with the legend VENERI VICTRICI which soon was changed to the nominative form (Curtis Clay).
1 commentsJochen
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0364 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #03
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0464 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #04
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,02g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla, AE 27 Tetrassaria64 viewsIM C M AVRE ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades carrying away Persephone in galloping quadriga, right
Cohen IV 725, Gaebler AMNG 12, NBRM 36
Josifovski 291, same dies (V13, R14)
Kuzmanovic Collection 1040
1 commentswhitetd49
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Celtic AE-Button with Triscele #164 viewsCeltic AE-Button with Triscele #1
type: AE Button Triscele on it.
size: 21x21x11mm,
weight: 5,21g,
date:1st. cent. B.C.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 64 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above, curved rectangle below,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 2,14g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Merinid Dobla64 viewsAbu-Yahya Abu Bakr (642-656 H / 1244-1258) - Dinar - no mint - no date - 4.60 g

Obverse Central square
al-wahid allah / muhammad rasul allah / wa’l-qur‘an kalam allah / fas
“the one is God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, and the Qur‘an is the word of God”

Marginal segments
at 12:00 bism allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 salla allah ‘ala sayyidna muhammad, at 6:00 wa ilahukum ilah wahid, at 3:00 la illa allahu al-rahman al-rahim
“in the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate, may God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, your God is a single God, no god except Him the Merciful the Compassionate”

Reverse Central square

al-shukr lillah / wa’l-minna lilla / wa’l-hawl wa’l-quwwa billah
“thanks be to God, grace be to God, and power and strength be to God”

At 12:00: huwwa al-awwal wa’l-akhir, at 9:00: wa’l-zahir wa’l-batin, at 6:00: wa huwwa bi-kull, at 3:00: shay’ alim
“He is the First and the Last, the Most High and the Most Near, and He has full knowledge of all things”
Sura 57 (al-Hadid), verse 3

For these interesting notes thanks to

1 commentsCaffaro
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type64 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Indo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat64 viewsIndo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat, undetermined ruler. Billon Drachm or Gadhaiya Paisa. Struck c. AD 1030-1120 Obverse Highly stylized head of Sasanian king Peroz. Reverse Stylized fire altar. Weight 4.12gm Diameter 16mm Reference Deyell 158; Göbl Hummen Em. 294. Grade Good Very Fine, lightly toned. Late imitation of the coinage of Peroz which was carried into Northern India
by invading Huns more half a millenium earlier.
Tao Kuang (1821 - 1850)64 viewsYunnan ProvinceDaniel F
Pisidia, Antioch, Hermes/ rooster, AE1364 viewsBronze AE 13, SNG Paris 1069 var (rev legend) and cf. 1067 (obverse bust left, same reverse die) , SNG Cop 16 var (rev legend), BMC 1 var (same), choice gVF, 1.762g, 13.0mm, 180o, Antioch mint, obverse A-NTIOC, draped bust of Hermes right, caduceus across shoulder; reverse CO-LONI-A I, rooster standing half-right

Cn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC.64 viewsCn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC, silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted bust of Mars right, seen from behind.
Reverse- Victory in biga right, holding wreath.
Crawford 345/1; Sydenham 702; Cornelia 50.
18 mm, 3.79 g
Ex Wayne C. Phillips Collection.
1 commentsb70
Denarius. Clodivs Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint.64 viewsDenarius for C. Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint. 195-96 AD.
3.15 grs and 18 mm.
Obs. : draped bust right. Around : IMP CAES D CLO SEP ALB AVG R.
Rev. : hands joining and carrying a legionary eagle. Around : FIDES LEGION COS II.
RIC 20 b.
2 commentslabienus
Valerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm64 viewsValerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm,
laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / L - E,
eagle standing left, head right with wreath in beak
Coin #71
Julia Mamaea- Deultum, Thrace64 viewsO: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG
Draped bust right
Artemis advancing right, pulling a arrow from quiver and holding bow,
leaping hound at feet
Deultum, Thrace
Jurukova 148
10.82g, 24mm
German, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 64 viewsGerman, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +ADOLPES ARC HEPC, Mitred Archbishop entrhoned, facing slightly left, with book and crozier. (Ball over the book ???)
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Broad church building with 6 arcades and gate; on it a tower with cupola between 2 cross-topped flags.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,42g, axis:0h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 588,,
Constans - FTR1.jpg
Constans - Constantinople64 viewsAE2/3 Centenionalis, 4.17 g, 21 mm, 12 h, 348-351 AD

Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe with right hand

Helmeted soldier, head left, spear in left hand, advancing right; with right hand, leading small bare-headed figure from hut beneath tree. Spear points downwards between soldier's legs.

Exergue: CONSIH*

Constantinople mint

1 commentsdrjbca
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 55~0.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Cyzicus 5564 viewsAE3, 19mm, 3.67g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette-diademed head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate, 2 turrets, 7 rows, star above.

Exe: SMK delta (Cyzicus, Officina 4).

RIC VII 55, 328-9, R3.

Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus64 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine I RIC VII, Rome 28764 viewsConstantine I, the Great, AD 307-337
AE - AE 3 (Follis), 2.7g, 21mm
Rome, 2nd officina, AD 326
Bust, laureate, r.
Campgate with six layers, two turrets, no doors, star above
ex. R wreath S
RIC VII, Rome 287
good VF, wonderful sand-patina

Found near Petra/Jordan
Constantine II RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.64 viewsConstantine II AD 337-340, son of Constantine I
AE - Follis, 2.34g, 18mm
Heraclea 3rd officina AD 330-333
Bust, cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing looking at one another, holding inversed spear in
outer hand and resting inner hand on shield set on ground; between them
two standards
exergue: SMH Gamma
RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.; C.122; Voetter 19
R4; good EF
added to

RIC has listed a wrong bust for this type, B4 instead B5 (Curtis Clay)
1 commentsJochen
Constantius Gallus RIC Alexandria 79 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius Gallus, RIC Alexandria 7964 viewsConstantius Galllus
AE Centenionalis
Alexandria Mint. 351-354 A.D.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES - Bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman wearing pointed cap. (dot)S(dot) in left field.
Exergue: ALEB
3 commentsseraphic
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II64 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
2 commentslaney
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards
between them.
CONSS dot in ex.
19mm 2.6 gm
CRISPUS consular bust64 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated consular bust right , wearing trabea
. PTR crescent
Treveri mint
RIC.VII, 399 r3
1 commentsgb29400
CRISPUS small bust Iovi Conservatori Caess64 viewsDN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated , draped bust left with globe, sceptre in left hand and mappa in right hand
Cyzicus mint
RIC. VII, 10 r3
Crispina (178-182 A.D.)64 viewsAR Denarius
O: CRISPINA AVGVSTA,Draped bust right.
R: IVNO, Juno standing facing, head left, holding scepter and patera; to left, peacock standing left.
RIC 283 (Commodus),RSC 021
2 commentsMat
1ef Crispus64 viewsCaesar 317-326

AE3, Thessalonica

Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust, right, D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm, VICTORIA CAESS NN. Mintmark dot TS dot epsilon dot.

Zosimus recorded Crispus' elevation to Caesar: "Constantine, having taken Cibalis, and Sirmium, and all the towns that Licinius had abandoned, sent five thousand men in pursuit of him. But as these were ignorant of the course he had taken, they could not overtake him. Constantine however, having rebuilt the bridge over the Saus, which Licinius had broken down, was with his army almost at his heels. Having entered Thrace, he arrived at the plain where Licinius lay encamped. On the night of his arrival there he marshalled his army, and gave orders for his soldiers to be ready for battle by day-break. As soon as it was light, Licinius, perceiving Constantine with his army, drew up his forces also, having been joined by Valens, whom he styled Caesar, after the battle of Cibalis. When the armies engaged, they first fought with bows at a distance ; but when their arrows were spent, they began to use their javelins, and poignards. Thus the battle continued very obstinately for a considerable time, until those whom Constantine had sent in pursuit of Licinius descended from an eminence upon the armies while they were engaged. These wheeled round the hill |46 before they arrived at them, deeming it best to join their own party from the higher ground, and to encompass the enemy. The troops of Licinius, being aware of them, courageously withstood against them all, so that many thousands were slain on both sides, and the advantage was equal, till the signal was given for both to retire. Next day they agreed on a truce, and entered into an alliance with each other, on condition that Constantine should possess Illyricum and all the nations westward, and that Licinius should have Thrace and the east; but that Valens, whom Licinius had made Caesar, should be put to death, because be was said to be the author of all the mischief which had happened. Having done this, and sworn on both sides to observe the conditions, Constantine conferred the rank and title of Caesar on Crispus, his son by a concubine called Minervina, who was as yet but a youth, and on Constantine, who was born but a few days before at Arelatum. At the same time Licinianus, the son of Licinius, who was twenty months of age, was declared Caesar, Thus ended the second war."

According to Zonaras, "By a concubine he also had another son, called Crispus, older than his other sons, who distinguished himself often in the war against Licinius. His stepmother Fausta, being erotically obsessed with him, since she did not find him compliant, denounced him to his father as being in love with her and as having often attempted to use force against her. Hence, Crispus was condemned to death by his father, who had been persuaded by his spouse."

Constantine had his son strangled to death in Pula.

RIC 62
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Є•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #164 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Є•, VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Rare!, #1
avers: CRISPVS-NOBILISS-CAES, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VOT•V•/MVLT•X•/CAESS, Wreath, legend within.
exe: -/-//TS•Є•, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,62g, axis:0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318 A.D., ref: RIC-38, p-504, Rare ! (R3),
Crispus64 viewsCrispus - Ticinum Mint - Officina 3 - AE Follis - RIC VII 170

O: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right

R: DOMINOR dot NOSTROR dot CAESS around VOT dot X crescent in three lines within wreath, TT in exergue

3.5g, 19.2mm, 45 degree die axis, 320-321AD
2 commentsBiancasDad
Gaston d'Orleans (1627-1650), Denier Tournois type 7 - 164964 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
GAST . PATR . R . VSFR . PR . DOM . A, Buste drapé a droite, dans un cercle
+ DENIER . TOVRNOIS . 1649, Trois lis sous un lambel, dans un cercle
1.77 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 210v, CGKL # 756, Boudeau # 1088
1 commentsPotator II
Domitian RIC 5864 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 58 (C), BMC 11, RSC 560
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, March 2016. Ex Jyrki Muona Collection.

Domitian's devotion to his patron deity Minerva can be detected quite early in his reign on the coinage. This reverse design struck in late 81 would later become one of the standard four Minerva types he would repeat over and over again on the denarius.

In fine early veristic style and beautifully toned with rainbow highlights.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.190 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.575, KM C 1-364 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1821-1823 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins which have a large Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 45° to the horizontal. Type A2 is comprised of coins in which the radical of tong is written as a continuous horizontal stroke at the bottom. The coins issued by the south branch of the mint have a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Delmatius RIC VII, Siscia 25664 viewsDelmatius Caesar AD 335-337, nephew of Constantine I, brother of Hannibalianus
AE - AE 4, 1.56g, 17mm
Siscia 2nd officina AD 335/6
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing each another, holding spear in outer hand and
rest inner hand on shield; between them a standard
exergue: BSIS
RIC VII, Siscia 256; LRBC 758
R1; VF/xEF, nice reverse
3 commentsJochen
Denmark64 viewskm839.2 - 1 Ore (zinc) - 1967
Km840.2 - 2 Ore (zinc) - 1971
km849.1 - 10 Ore - 1963
Km815.2 - 25 Ore - 1919
Km851.1 - 1 Krone - 1971
Daniel Friedman
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)64 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Espańoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuńada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
27 Diadumenian64 viewsDenarius. May-July 217 AD. M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, draped bust right, seen from behind / PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing facing, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards right. RSC 6. Weight 3.35 g. Die axis 6 hr. Max dia 19.1 mm1 commentsmix_val
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2564 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
Didius Julianus Sestertius64 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
2 commentsTanit
Trajan Provincial64 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Tyre - attic didrachm64 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
domitian RIC121.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88-89 AD64 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS (laureate head right)
rev: Minerva advancing right, aiming javelin and holding shield, COSX IIII across fields
ref: RIC II 121 (S), BMC 141, C.67 (6frcs)
3.17gms, 19mm
mint: Rome

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88-89 AD.
Domitian as Caesar AR Denarius64 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F - Laureate head of bearded Domitian right.
Rev: COS IIII - Pegasus standing right, the wings upright and one leg lifted.
Mint: Rome
Year: 76 AD
Ref: RIC 238 (Vespasian)
Notes: Scarce
Domitian, Dupondius, Fortuna, Rome64 viewsDupondius (AE 27-28mm) Rome, 86 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS (XII CENS) PER PP Bust laureate left, with aegis (FORT)VNAE - AVGVST(I) / S - C Fortuna standing l. holding rudder and cornucopiae. 10,10gr. Almost very fine. Rare. Nice golden-brown patina.
C.124; BMC p.382, 383 and pl. 75.9; RIC p.195, 326(b).

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle
4 commentsareich
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 Vespasian 921 (C2), RSC II 47, BMCRE II 193, BnF III 169, SRCV I 2637]64 viewsSilver denarius, choice gF, 3.350g, 19.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, as caesar early 76 - early 77 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg

Nice portrait, toned, and perfect centering.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220
Seleukis and Pieria, Apameia Syria64 views1st Century B.C. 21mm

Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of athena right
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding palm and wreath. ΓPΣ, NO below
CRUSADER - Duchy of Athens view #164 viewsDuchy of Athens, anonymous; made during reign of William I (1280-1287) or Guy II (1287-1308). Billon Denier.
Obv: Castle Tournois, "+DVX ATENES"
Rev.: Cross, "+THBANE CIVIS"
Thebes mint. Similar to Metcalfe 1040-1048, variety A4

This view is with no lighting effects. The condition is not the best!
Thanks (again!) to Manzikert for identification!
Distilled Water Soak64 viewsScotvs Capitis
Elizabeth I sixpence, Seaby 256164 viewsElizabeth I sixpence, 1566 A.D. AR, 26mm 3.07g, Seaby 2561
O: ELIZABETH D G ANG FR ET HI REGINA, crowned bust of Elizabeth I left, rose behind, portcullis mintmark.
R: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV. Quartered royal arms over long cross fourchee.

*purchased for my wife's birthday...but I am cointing it in my collection ;)
1 commentscasata137ec
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 094, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, #264 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 094, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, #2
avers:-IMP-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:-LAETITIA-PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder on globe.
exe: -/-//--, diameter:20-21mm, weight: 4,36g, axis: -h,
mint: Rome, date: 218 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-94, p-35, C-72,

Elephant Rider
Bactrian Legend, Kushan Empire
King Huviska 126 to 164 A.D.


Athsho - The Fire God
Four Pronged Tamgha - In Left Field

Copper Tetradrachm = four Drachms
Reference: Similar Mitchner ACW 3289
see this link:
Large Heavy Copper Module
weight: 15.1 Grams; Size: 24 MM
Condition: Looks Very Good
Antonio Protti
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)64 viewsAR Denarius
O: DIVA FAUSTINA PIA, Draped bust right.
R: CONSECRATIO Pietas standing left, sacrificing from patera over a lighted altar and holding a sceptre.
RIC III 741 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 57-4/10' BMCRE 711 note; RSC 65

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds!
8 commentsMat
Faustina Sen.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina Senior, AR denarius64 viewsOptimus
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,64 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
fel temp com~0.JPG
Constans RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina64 viewsAE 17 mm 1.9 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Nimbate phoenix standing right on globe. star in right field
EX :: SMHE ( Heraclea )
RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina

coin not listed in RIC, Helvetica's spreadsheets , Wildwinds, or coin archives . also discussed in Forvm at the following link
1 commentsJohnny
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,64 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Early Crossbow fibula64 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
Galba billon Tetradrachm64 viewsΛ OYKΛIBΣ OYΛ Π ΓAΛBA KAIΣ ΣEB AVT
laureate bust of Galba, right, LB (year 2) before

Helmeted, draped bust of Roma right, holding spear & sheild

Alexandria, September 68 AD-January 69 AD



RPC 5330; Emmett 174


In hand it has a wonderful dark consistent toning
1 commentsJay GT4
Gallienus PIETAS AVGG RIC 446.jpg
PIETAS AVGG RIC V/1 44664 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C LIC GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiat & draped bust R.

Reverse: PIETAS AVGG, Emperors sacrificing at altar.

Antioch, RIC V/1 446, Common.
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.64 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families Used by permission.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.

Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Germanicus64 viewsAE As

Mint: Rome
RIC –I-35; Cohen-1
Dia. 30 mm
10.99 gm
2 commentsMYoung
Germany4 - Federal Republic.jpg
Germany – Federal Republic (1949- ) 64 viewsKm105 - 1 Pfennig - 1950-J
Km107 - 5 Pfennig - 1950-F
Km108 - 10 Pfennig - 1966-J
Km110 - 1 Mark - 1956-J
Km116 - 2 Mark – Max Planck - 1957-J
Daniel F
Gold Tara, Vijayanagar feudatory in Uttara Kannada, Saluva dynasty (1486-1505), South India64 viewsGold Tara (or half-fanam). Deer standing left, semi-circle with a dot inside above (crescent moon and star?) / Brahmi letter "Ra" (corrupt and only partially seen). 5mm, 0.25 grams. Unpublished.

These coins are published as silver taras, but are seemingly unknown in gold. They (in silver) are sometimes found in the Uttara Kannada (Gerusoppe region) where the feudatory dynasty of Vijayanagara the Saluva ruled. The short-lived Saluva dynasty included only 2 rulers - Narasimha Saluva (1486-1492) and Immadi Narasimha (1492-1505).

Antonio Protti
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, Drachm, Thrace64 viewsGreece, Kings of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305-281 BC, Silver Drachm, 19mm, 4.05g, Lampsakos mint1 commentsmitresh
Calabria, Tarentum AR Nomos64 views(315-302 BC). Sl- and K-, magistrates.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear, preparing to throw spear; ΣA below.
Rev.: Phalanthos, holding kantharos and trident, on dolphin left; K to left; below, dolphin left.
Vlasto 607.
7 commentsMinos
64 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 4,71g, axes:7 h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
gregory xvi.jpg
PAPAL STATES - GREGORY XVI64 viewsPope Gregory XVI ( 1831-1846) Copper Baiocco, 1836-R (Rome Mint). KM-1320.dpaul7
Hendin-643 / 133664 viewsValerius Gratus - prutah (year 4 = 17AD)
2.10 grams
1 commentscmcdon0923
Hadrian's Gate in Antalya #564 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya #5quadrans
Hadrian64 viewsRome Mint, 118 AD, 3.35g. O: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery over shoulder; R: VOT PVB in field, PM TR P COS III dot, Pietas standing right, raising both hands in prayer. RIC-141; RSC 1477.3 commentsNemonater
Hadrian denarius64 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
Hadrian Denarius Hispania64 viewsObv.
Bare head right

Hispania reclining left holding branch, rabbit in front
1 commentsancientdave
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD64 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, AR Denarius64 viewsOne of my last -and favorite -acquisitions. I like the golden patina on the coin and the perfect portrait.1 commentsOptimus
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.64 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
Sear 885 - Decanummium - 622-623 AD (Year 13) - Catania mint64 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 622-623 AD (Year 13)
Condition: EF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: (?) - [
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and flat-topped crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, ///; To right, /.

Catania mint
DO 254; Sear 885
4.69g; 14.9mm; 180°
2 commentsPep
Herennia Etruscilla Antoninianus64 viewsHerennia Etruscilla (Augusta)
AR Antoninianus, Rome mint
Ob: HERETRUSCILLAAVG, diademed & draped bust right set on crescent
Rv: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, drawing veil from face & holding scepter
Ref: RIC IV 59b, RSC 19
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire64 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Huszár 195, Unger 121, RĂ©thy I 27564 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 13 mm.

Obv: King riding horse to the right, falcon on his wrist.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 5
Huszár 495, Pohl 52-10, Unger 393i, Réthy II 1864 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: REGIS • KAROLI, Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, m-m to left and right.

Issued in 1338 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) with a nominal weight of 0.6687 g. (per Pohl). This privy mark was issued in Felsőbánya, known as Mons Medium in the Middle Ages (now Baia-Sprie, Romania) by Martinus (Forsinych?) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #0264 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #02
avers: Illegible legend, ornament of kufic letters, border of dots.
revers: Cross, between four crosses and four dots, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-112_CNH-1-109_Huszar-111, Toth-Kiss sigla-variation-,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0164 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0264 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1.0 Khusroe II64 viewsKhusroe II
Sassanian (Persian) Empire
Silver Dirhem
30 mm.

Khusroe II conquered Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire, but soon lost it in a counter offensive by Emperor Heraclius.
Otacilla Severa,wife of Philippus I AE29 Caesarea maritima mint64 viewsO:Otacilla Severa bust r.
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche to r
the letters S.P.Q.R around Tyce.
4 commentsMaritima
BYZANTINE, Isaac II Angelus 1185-1195 Constantinople64 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2003
J24-Hadrian As.jpg
Hadrian, Æ As, “Annona”, 117-138 CE64 viewsBronze As of Hadrian (117-138 CE), 10 grams, 27 mm, Rome mint 134-138 CE.

Obverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Bare head right, draped left shoulder
Reverse: ANNONA AVG S-C, Annona standing left holding corn ears over modius and rudder.

Reference: Cohen 166, RIC vol. II, o. 441, 796a.

Added to collection: May 16, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Jamaica64 views(From right to left - sorry!)

Km33 – 1 Farthing – 1950-1952
Km25 – ˝ Penny – 1914-1928
Km31 – ˝ Penny – 1938-1947
Km37 – 1 Penny – 1953-1963
Km45 – 1 Cent – 1969-1971
Km64 – 1 Cent – 1975-2002
Km46 – 5 cents – 1969-1989


Km47 – 10 Cents – 1969-1989
Km146.1 – 10 Cents – 1991-1994
Km146.2 – 10 Cents – 1995-2003
Km49 – 25 Cents – 1969-1990
Km147 – 25 Cents – 1991-1994
Km167 – 25 Cents – 1995-2003


Km65 – 50 Cents – 1975-1990
Km57 – 1 Dollar – 1971-1979
Km145 – 1 Dollar – 1990-1994
Km164 – 1 Dollar – 1994-2006
Km163 – 5 Dollars – 1994-1995
Km181 – 10 Dollars – 1999-2005
Km182 – 20 Dollars – 2000-2002
Daniel F
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 64 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers:- +TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
revers:- Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exe, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Lord Melchett Lodge No. 1153 of B’nai B’rith (St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada)64 viewsAE token, 32.5 mm., undated.

Obv: LORD MELCHETT LODGE No. 1153 and B’NAI B’RITH, within border around rim, candelabra in center with ribbon below, BENEVELENCE, BROTHERLY LOVE and HARMONY in left, right and middle sections of the ribbon, respectively.

Rev: A LUCKY TOKEN and ST. CATHERINES within border around rim, separated by Jewish stars, I HAVE CONTRIBUTED / 25˘ / FOR / CHARITY, in five rows in center.

Ref: none known.

Note: Founded in 1932, the lodge was named after Alfred Moritz Mond (1868-1930), the first Baron Melchett, who first visited Palestine in 1921 with Chaim Weizmann and subsequently became an enthusiastic Zionist, contributing money to the Jewish Colonization Corporation for Palestine and other Zionist causes, writing for Zionist publications, and becoming President of the British Zionist Foundation. The lodge tried to uphold the ideals of “brotherhood,” “benevolence” and “brotherly love and harmony” (and those ideals feature prominently in the obverse design of the token).
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Domna Denarius, RIC 553, RSC 58, BMC 2764 views Julia Domna Den "Fortuna" LIMES Julia Domna AD 193-217 Base Metal Denarius
Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA - Bareheaded bust right, draped.
Reverse: FORTVNAE FELICI - Fortuna seated left, holding cornucopia and rudder on a
Rome mint: AD 196-211 = Ancient counterfeit based on RIC
IVi, 553, page 167 - Cohen 58 - SEAR RCV II (2002), #6584, page 493 (18 mm diam. 1.7 g)
Julia Domna, Stobi64 viewsO: IVLIA -AVGVSTA
Draped bust right
Nike/Victory standing left holding wreath and palm, wheel at feet
1 commentsarizonarobin
AE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,64 viewsAE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,
avers: Radiate head right, before the face "KOTI", belowe the neck another radiated head, looking like double stike..
revers: Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Howgego #30 ,
"KOTI before laureate bust right (Antonine emperor?) Applied twice on one example
(countermark applied at Cotiaeum, where one was found).
W.H. Waddington, Voyage en Asie-Mineure au point de vue numismatique, 1853, p.21,
1= P.Waddington 5880; P.876 (countermark applied twice).
All the coin are worn flat. One of a group of countermarks bearing the name of a city
which were applied such 'blanks' "
Sear 1304 - Follis - 692-693 AD - Syracuse mint64 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-693 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor facing, bearded, seated on throne with low arms, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia. In field right, star.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left and right, palm.

Syracuse mint
DO 64; Sear 1304; MIB 73
4.71g; 27.1mm; 180°

Ex CNG, Ex Kristov Collection
juba II64 viewsMauritanian Kingdom. Juba II

Obverse: REX IVBA, diademed head right
Reverse: Filleted cornucopiae and sceptre crossed
Mint :
Date : 25 B.C.-A.D. 23
Reference : Mazard 241; SNG Copenhagen 580
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.86g
Denom: Denarius
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 01/10/04
judaea_hyrcanusI_Hendin 455cf.jpg
Judaea, Johannes Hyrcanus I, TJC B1364 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan), 135-104 BC
AE - Prutah, 14.53mm, 2.17g, 0°
struck in Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines within laurel wreath:
יהוחנן / הכהןהג / דלוחברה / יהדי / מ
from r. to l.:
YHW(Ch)NN / H KHN H G / DL W (Ch)BR H / YHDY / M
= Yehochanan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehochanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double cornucopiae, coming from a floral base, filled with fruits and a grain-ear each, decorated with ribbons hanging down, a pomegranate with long stalk between horns, in dotted circle
ref. Hendin cf. 455/7; AJC Na29; TJC B13
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria64 viewsAVGUS/TA IVLIA
Bust draped, right
Josifovski describes this reverse as Nike standing facing, head right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia, lotus flower on head; a very syncretic Nike-Demeter-Tyche-Ma-Isis. Unlisted die pair, the reverse is R99 of Josif. 250, the obverse is V33.
Cohen IV 271, BMCG 9, AMNG Gaebler 9
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria64 viewsIVLIA A/VGVSTA
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Cohen IV 264-265, BMCG 7, SNG Cop 333, Lingren 1146
Josifovski 155, same dies (V12, R12), citing specimen in Petersburg 2950
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #164 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers:-IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:-VENVS-CA-ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-243, p-, C-14,
Julian II RIC VIII Constantinople 165 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II (The Apostate), RIC Constantinople 16564 viewsJulian II
Constantinople Mint. 361-363 A.D.
18.8mm. 2.97g.
Die Alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG - Helmeted, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right hand, shield in left.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX surrounded by wreath.
Exergue: (palm branch)CONSA(palm branch)
Ref: RIC VIII Constantinople 165. Sear '64-3971var. VM 28.
Julia Domna - RIC 57764 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0364 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493, Pohl-50,
Antique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #0164 viewsAntique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #01
type: AE-round plate or phalera from Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay,
size: 28mm,
weight: 6,87g,
date: c. 2nd century A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Rome,
North Korea64 viewsKm183 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km187 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km188 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km190 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km192 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km194 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km196 - 1 Chon - 2002
Km3 - 10 Chon - 1959
Daniel F
Mysia, Kyzikos, hemiobol64 views9mm, 0.33g
obv: forepart of wild boar left, tunny fish behind
rev: lion's head left, facing lion's head above
2 commentsareich
L. Censorinus, Crawford 363/1d64 viewsL. Censorinus, gens Marcia
AR - Denar, 3.68g, 24.17mm
Rome 82 BC
obv. (no legend)
bust of Apollo, laureate, r.
rev. L. CENSOR l.
Marsyas walking l., gazing upwards, raising r. Hand, with wineskin above
shoulder; tall column behind, surmounted by a draped figure (Minerva?)
Crawf. 363/1d; Syd. 737; Kestner 3155; BMCR Rome 2657; Marcia 24

Allusion to the myth of Marsyas. When he found the flute, Athene had invented but thrown away, he challenged Apollo for a contest. Apollo won with his cythara and skinned him alive.
1 commentsJochen
100 Constantius II, AD 337-36164 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.00g, gF
Struck AD 355-360 at Arles
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left arm / GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN in ex (TAN in monogram). Graffiti on obverse fields
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC 238
Lawrence Woolslayer
Philip II. of Macedon AE64 viewsPhilip II. AE17, 359-336 BC, Macedonian mint.
Obv: diademed head of Apollo right.
Rev: ΦIΛIΠΠOY above naked youth on horseback right, bukranion below.
16-17 mm, 5.68 g
2 commentsPscipio
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VIII64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC


This legion is not LEG VIII Augusta which was disbanded by Caesar and re-enlisted by Octavian.

5 commentsJay GT4
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6064 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
licinius I iovi com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Alexandria 2864 viewsAE 19 mm 2.9 grams 321-324 AD
OBV :: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed busr right
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI . Jupiter standing left holding eagle tipped scepter and Victory on globe , Chalmy across left shoulder, leaning on eagle-tipped sceptre. Eagle with wreath left, captive right. X over II Mu in right field
EX :: SMALA (Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 28
RIC rated R1
from uncleaned lot 09/2007
Licinius I, Iovi Conservatori Avgg.jpg
Licinius I- Cyzikus RIC 964 viewsobv: IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, consular bust l.
[gamma] in r. field
SMK in exergue
RIC Cyzikus 9

Nicely silvered example.
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!64 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, R1!
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI-CAESS, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,, R1!,
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 162, -/-//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, Scarce!64 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 162, -/-//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, Scarce!
avers:- LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C, 6d, B4, Laureate bust right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V in wreath.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-21A.D., ref: RIC-VII-162, p-444,,s,
1 commentsquadrans
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #264 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//ε SIS •, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: a?,
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 189064 views"SPL" (or "SPI"?) monogram on high grade host coin.
Ex-"oscarsaab" (eBay). (11,334,027).
Lysimachos tetradrachm64 views288/281 BC, Amphipolis
obv: diademed head of the deified Alexander with horn of Ammon right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΞΟΥ; Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left elbow on shield decorated with lion’s head, spear resting to her right
(Thompson in Essays Robinson 201 var. (position of 2nd monogram))
ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 10
2 commentsareich
Demetrios Poliorketes, Macedonian Kingdom, c. 289 - fall 288 B.C., Silver tetradrachm, Newell p. 97, 9164 viewsObv:– Demetrios diademed head right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' patron deity
Rev:– BASILEOS DEMETRIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), monogram left
Minted in Pella, c. 289 - fall 288 B.C.
Reference:– Newell p. 97, 91 and pl. VIII, 12, SNG Cop 1179 var.
17.0192g, 29.3mm, 45o

Ex-Harlan Berk. Ex-Forvm, where it was described as gVF, superb portrait, tight flan.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #164 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #1
avers:- Diademed head of Artemis Tauropolis facing right, with bow and quiver at her shoulder.
revers:- Two goats on their hind legs, contending, face to face, with the Greek legend AMΦIΠOLIT-ΩN, in the fields.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 6,13g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: Sear #1394,
1 commentsquadrans
Magnentius Centenionalis64 viewsMagnentius AE Centenionalis
Obv: DN MAGNEN-TIVS PF AVG / A behind bust
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, barbarian in front of horse,bare-headed.
Emperor doesn't have shield.
Mintmark RQ

D: 22 mm
RIC VIII Rome 209 ( 351-352)

Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.64 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Mariniana, Peacock64 viewsMariniana AR Antoninianus

veiled & draped bust right on crescent

peacock flying right, carrying Mariniana, veiled, with raised hand & scepter
1 commentsarizonarobin
Stobi, Makedonia64 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AE 24 Diassaria
Obverse legend lost: countermark M•ST
Reverse legend partially lost, but still can read: STO B(I)
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 16364 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180
AR - Denar, 3.53g, 18.1mm
Rome summer - Dec 168
laureate head r.
Victory standing frontal, head r., holding palmbranch
in r. hand and hangig with l. hand shield described with
VIC PAR on palmtree
RIC III, 163; C.878
EF, rare in this condition

This issue celebrates the victory AD 162 of Lucius Verus and his general Avitus Cassius in the Parthian war. So Rome was able to put his man on the Armenian throne.
Marti Pacifero Cldc64 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Maximianus London mint Follis64 viewsMaximianus I Herculius
Ć Follis. Mint of Londinium, 306-308 AD (2nd reign).
Obv. D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
Rev. GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. PLN (1st officina) in ex.
Ref. London RIC VI 90, Cohen 142, Sear'88 #3646. Common (C2).

Ex Spink, York

2 commentsPhiloromaos
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #164 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
Medieval, #12,64 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Ionia, Miletos. Gallienus AE21. Diogenous Dionysiou64 viewsObv: AVT K ΠO ΛIK ΓAΛΛIHN, Laureate draped cuirassed bust right.
Rev: EΠI AP ΔIOΓE MIΛHCIΩN. Cult statue of Artemis facing, holding patera in right hand and bow with left.
Magistrate: Diogenous Dionysiou.
BMC 167.

PZ : Between 260 and 268
Technical details
M : AE
GR : 21.59(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: BMC 14 S202,167(1)
Additional remarks
Mudie 01. George III Dedication Medal, 1817.64 viewsObv. Laureate head of George III right HOC AVSPICEORBIS SALVS. MDCCCXVII.
Rev. One standing female allegorical figure on the left, flanked by lion and holding a cross, allegorical female figure seated on right holding horn of plenty, rocky outcrop behind. RELIGIONE FIDE ET CONSTANTIA

The first medal in the forty medal Mudie series, and one of the most beautiful.
1 commentsLordBest
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon64 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Ć 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Nabataean 4th year.JPG
Aretas IV Nabataean Kingdom64 viewsSize: AE 18mm
Obverse: Aretas/Shaqilat
Reverse: Cornucopia
Date: 9BC - 40AD
1 commentsJohn K
NERO AR billon tetradrachm. Nero & Alexandria with elephant headdress. 64 viewsNERO AR billon silver tetradrachm. ROMAN EGYPT NERW KLAV KAIS SEB GER, radiate bust right, wearing aegis.
Reverse - AVTOKPA, draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress, LIB to right. Struck at Alexandria, year 12. (65-66 AD).
RPC 5289. Sold
Antonivs Protti
Orodes III, AE Drachm64 viewsOrodes III, 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing left, wearing a diadem tiara with an anchor on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Radiate and draped bust of Artemis right. Greek legend around bust

Weight: 3.5 grams

van't Haaff 16.1.1-1
de Morgan 23 (Orodes I)
Sear GIC 5892
BMC 28 254 16ff
2 commentsHoward Cole
Parthian bronze 3.jpg
Small Bronze 364 viewsPhraates IV

Obverse: King's head L, bareheaded, diadem, pointed beard, eagle R with wreath.

Reverse: humped bull R in square inscription.


10mm, 0.87g.

Sellwood 52.47
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Philip I AR Antoninianus 244-24964 viewsOb. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev. LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae

Ref. RIC 38b, RSC 87

SAECVLARES AVGG I64 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint
Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,64 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Philip I/Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.64 viewsAR Silver Antoninianus, Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.
Obverse : IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ear over galley at feet, & cornucopia.
RIC 59
RSC 33
SR 8924
(Please click to enlarge.)
Larry M2
Philip V of Macedonia * Poseidon & Athena Alkidemos (221-179 BC)64 views
Philip V, Ć22 * Poseidon* & Athena* Alkidemos

Obverse: (Kemp) Laureate head of Poseidon, facing right.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos striding/advancing left with shield, hurling a thunderbolt. Monograms in left and right fields.

Mint: Pella (?)

Bronze *
Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 8.72 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Patina: Lovely deep-sea green, towards dark-olive.

This coin appears to be unlisted in standard references; however, it is listed in
SNG Greece 2 - The Alpha Bank Collection #1071 ( I P ) in the right field ( I G{amma} in present instance).
It is also listed in Mamroth ZFN 42 ( a specialized work on Philip V in German).
Mamroth 42

* Olympian

PHRYGIA, APAMEIA64 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
York plan 264 viewsA plan of the Roman fort of Eboracum overlaid on a street plan of York. The numbers refer to a couple of the photo locations for orientation.mauseus
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC 309.jpg
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC V/2 30964 viewsAnt, 18x20mm, 3.98g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing R with sceptre & thunderbolt.

Trier, Issue 5, Officina B.

RIC V/2 309, Common.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Trophy between two captives. Both captives looking left The left captive's hands tied and held behind the back, the right captive's hands tied and held in the lap.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 821, p-, Alf-101, No-14,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 190, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Providentia standing right, holding two ensigns, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: *//KAA,, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes:6h,
mint: Serdica 2nd emission, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, p-,(845var-p-110), Pink-p-45(33)var
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #264 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #2
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- VICTOR-IA-GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #164 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1964 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
Pub. Crepusius Denarius 82 B.C.64 viewsPub. Crepusius AR Denarius. 82 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right, control symbols before and behind; Reverse, Horseman right, brandishing spear; P CREPVSI in ex, control-numeral behind. Syd 738a, Cr361/1c.

Ex Moneta Nova
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Pupienus Antoninianus64 viewsPupienus silver antoninianus, Rome mint, weight 2.927g, maximum diameter 22.0mm, die axis 180o,
O: IMP CAES PVPIEN MAXIMVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: AMOR MVTVVS AVGG (Mutual Love of the Emperors), clasped hands.
- SRCV III 8518; RIC IV, part 2, 9b; RSC III 2; BMCRE VI 82, ex-Forvm.

A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus and Balbinus were beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.

The ironic reverse of this coin refers to the mutual affection and friendship of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days. - FAC
3 commentsNemonater
Constantius II64 viewsConstantius II Ć Centenionalis. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEM/NP (error M is "N" in temp)REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 72 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
Quinarius OCTAVIO RIC 276.jpg
06-10 - OCTAVIO (32 - 27 A.C.)64 viewsAR Quinario 13 x 15 mm 1.5 gr.
Conmemora el sometimiento de la Provincia de ASIA en el ańo 30 A.C.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de Octavio viendo a derecha - "CAESAR" detrás, "IMP VII" delante.
Rev: Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre una cesta mística, flanqueada por dos serpientes erectas, portando corona de laureles en mano derecha y palma sobre hombro izquierdo - "ASIA" campo derecho y "RECEPTA" en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada 29/28 A.C.
Ceca: Brundisium ó Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #276 Pag.61 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1568 Pag.302 - Sear CRI #429 - BMCRR (este) #240 (= BMCRE #647) - RSC Vol.1 #14 Pag.132 - Cohen Vol.1 #14 Pag.64 - CBM #902 - Babelon MRR B#145
043 B.C., P.Accoleius Lariscolus, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford 486/1, Rome, Diana-Hecate-Selene faceing, 64 viewsP.ACCOLEIVS – LARISCOLVS, Republic Ag Denarius,
avers:- Bust of Diana Nemorensis right draped, behind P.ACCOLEIVS upwards, before LARISCOLVS down wards, border of dots.
revers:- Triple cult statue of Diana Nemorensis (Diana-Hecate-Selene) faceing, behind, cypress grove, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 43 B.C., ref: Crawford 486/1, Sydenham 1148,
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.64 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064ak img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50964 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132k img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 801 - Bust Type F (Rome) (XXIS)64 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Probus standing right holding globe in left and transverse spear in right
Minted in Rome (XXIS in exe) Emission 1 Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 801 Bust type F
Pink attributes this coin to Rome and not Siscia
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emiss. date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-314F,
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62764 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– LIBERAL . AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE pg. 102, RIC 627, RSC 103
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)64 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
Apulian kylix64 viewsApulian (Greek colonies in Southern Italy) kylix or shallow drinking vessel with palm frond tondo, c 325 BC.3 commentsmauseus
Rome 28464 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
1164 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
REX monogram over 1659
8 (irregular?)
Commodus - Dupondius. AD 179-18064 viewsRIC 292a
Virtus seated r. with reversed spear and parazonium, VIRTVS AVG IMP III COS II P P, S C

(Given to a friend)
Roman Provincial Coin AE23mm (5.1g).64 viewsS. Alexander from Coela in Thrace, with AEL MVNICIP COELA reverse legend. sold4 commentsAntonivs Protti
RPC-1648-Vespasian64 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Sabina 40.jpg
Sabina - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST64 viewsObv:- SABINA AVGVSTA IMP HADRIANI AVG, Diademed, draped bust right

sabina den-.jpg
117-138 AD - SABINA AR denarius - struck 117-135 AD64 viewsobv: SABINA AVGVSTA
rev: VENERI GENETRICI (Venus standing right holding an apple)
ref: RIC396, C.73
64 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
diademed and draped bust right

No legend - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
RIC 411, C 91, Rome Mint
2 commentsarizonarobin
Justinian I, AE Follis, sear 22064 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield with horseman motif, cross to right
Reverse: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right XXII (22) , sometimes on a star or crescent, officina letter below A , mintmark 9HU o over P
Mint: Antioch
Year 548/9 CE
Sear 220a
36mm, 18.59g
Septimius Severus Consecratio64 views Bare head right of Septimius Severus/Throne with wreath. 19.5 mm. RIC (Caracalla) 191E [as Scarce]; C. 87. Ex CNG 47 (16 IX 98), lot 17913 commentsfordicus
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina II, Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, AE Sestertius64 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Hieron II. AE2764 viewsHieron II. AE27, 269-215 BC, Syracuse.
Obv: diademed head left.
Rev: Horseman riding right on groundline, holding spear, cloak flowing behind, IEPΩNOΣ below; Σ below horse
26-27 mm, 17.52 g

One of my favorite bronzes.
3 commentsPscipio
'Slave money', carnelian64 views25,4x13.60x11.90mm, 7.87g

This so-called 'slave money', part of a chain, was made in the first half of the 19th century in Idar-Oberstein/Germany for London. From London it was shipped to West Africa to buy black slaves.
Spain64 viewsKm766 - 10 centimos - 1941 (Nationalist Government)
Km790 - 10 centimos - 1959
Km651 - 50 centimos - 1870 (3rd Decimal)
Km777 - 50 centimos - 1949
Y27.2 - 1 Real - 1859 (Decimal coinage) (Madrid – 6 pointed star)
Y47.1 - 10 Escudos - 1868 (Madrid) (2nd Decimal coinage) (Fake)
Daniel Friedman
56 BC Faustus Cornelius Sulla 64 viewsLaur. diad. and draped bust of Venus right, sceptre over shoulder SC behind

Three trophies between jub and lituus, monogram FAVSTVS in ex.

RRC 426/3
Sear 386


The three trophies were engraved on the signet ring of Pompey the Great symbolizing his victories on three continents. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla and son-in-law of Pompey the Great.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
Sullis Minerva.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, Bust of Sullis Minerva64 viewsDisplayed in the Baths.

This is a wonderful gilt bronze head of Sullis Minerva and is probably from the cult statue of the deity which would have stood within her Temple beside the Sacred Spring. Found in A.D. 1727.
SUNGA DYNASTY (185 - 75 B.C.)64 viewsĆ ˝ KARSHAPANA
O: Bull, elephant, swastika and staff symbols.
R: Hill, cross and tree symbols.
14 x 15mm
3 commentsMat
Syracuse Tetradrachm Boehringer.59664 viewsSICILY, Syracuse.
Circa 440-430 BC.
Tetradrachm (17.27 gm)
Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning horses; ketos swimming left in exergue

SY-PAKOSION, head of Arethusa right wearing earrings and necklace with pendant, hair tied with two hair bands, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Boehringer 596 (V294/R402); SNG ANS 194 (same dies); SNG Lockett 947 (same dies); Kraay-Hirmer pl. 30, 89 (reverse die illustrated).

beautiful portrait
rare coin
1 commentsgb29400
Titus RIC 2364 viewsAR Denarius, 3.00g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 23 (R3), BMC -, RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch

This is the second known specimen of an extremely rare portrait left Ceres type. The only other known specimen was in the Harry Sneh collection and was sold in the Gemini IX sale, 8 January, lot 333 (RIC plate coin). My coin shares an obverse die. It's not often that a second specimen of a unique Flavian type turns up, especially for Titus!

Nicely toned with good eye appeal despite the wear and a few scratches.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Vespasian-RIC-Titus-357(2)64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
RIC T357 (C2), BMC T129, RSC 497
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: Capricorns, l. and r., crossed, supporting round shield inscribed S C : below, globe
Acquired from Civitas Galleries, August 2016.

A rare variant of this common Divus Vespasian denarius type struck under Titus. It is much more common to find the capricorns back to back with no tails, supporting a small shield. Here we see the capricorns crossed with tails, supporting a large shield. Curiously, RIC does not note the rare variant nor assign it a catalogue number.

Previously a jewellery mount piece.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Teodosio I, zecca di Antiochia (383-395 d.C.)64 viewsAE4, 11 mmm, 1,28 gr. (383-395 d.C.)
D/ DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, busto perlato-diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Vittoria che avanza a sx, portando un trofeo sulla spalla e trascinando un prigioniero; ANT D (delta) in ex
RIC IX Antiochia 67b
NOTA: identificato sul forum FAC in italiano, presentato dal venditore canadese (ACC, Richmond Hill, Ontario) come imitazione vandala di Valentiniano II
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 giugno 2010, numero catalogo 112), ex dr. Alexander Fishman collection (Ancient Coins, Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada, fino al 2010).
Thessaly, Thessalian League. AR Stater.64 viewsCirca 196-146 BC (6.38g, 21mm, 3h). McClean 4953; BMC Thessaly-; SNG Copenhagen-. Obverse Head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; monogram behind. Reverse Athena Itona advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield; ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑ-ΛΩ[Ν] around field, K-OT-T-Y below. Nicely struck from high relief dies. Attractive style. Excellent metal. Choice EF.

Ex Pars Coins.

After the Roman Republic’s defeat of Macedon at Kynoskephalai in 197 BC, T. Quinctius Flamininus, the victorious general, headed a senatorial commission set up to establish a protectorate in Greece and he pronounced at the Isthmian Games in July of the following year that those Greek areas (including Thessaly) which were formerly under Macedonian control were now free. Flamininus then revived an independent Thessalian League, which was founded in around the year 1000 BC and was later disbanded after Phillip II of Macedon conquered much of the Greek world in the last quarter of the 4th century BC. Under the new League, the coinage comprised solely of silver in three denominations (stater, drachm, and hemidrachm/obol), and could be considered the first truly Thessalian League "federal" coinage. All issues bore the ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ, along with the responsible magistrates' names, and were likely minted at Larissa, the capital of the League.
1 commentsJason T
Tibčre II.jpg
Three-quarter follis of Tiberius II64 viewsMinted in Constantinople in 578-582.
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius64 viewsL. Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.88 g; obv. SABIN, bearded head of King Tatius to right, palm-branch below chin; rev. Rape of the Sabine women, L TITVRI in ex. Crawford 344/1b; Syd. 698a.1 commentsBartosz A
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2264 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.
Acquired from York Coins, January 2005.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus L throne.jpg
Titus RIC-12064 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 120 (C), BMC 56, RSC 314
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Square seat, draped with cloth hanging in folds, above which is a winged thunderbolt, lying horizontal: ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno)
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2007.

Same type as BMCRE 51 but with the left facing portrait.

A pleasing portrait, even if the coin itself is a bit off-center.

ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander, AR Denarius / RIC 12364 viewsAttribution: RIC 123 (RIC IV, Part II), RSC 448
Date: 222-235 AD

Obverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: P M TR P XIII COS III P P Sol advancing left raising hand and holding whip

Size: 20mm
Weight: 2.98 grams
4 commentsAnemicOak
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD64 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
Trajan RIC II, 68664 viewsTrajan AD 98-117
AE - (Orichalcum)-Semis, 2.92g, 18mm
Rome, undated
head laureate, r.
rev. (no legend)
gaming table with vase and wreath
exergue SC
RIC II, 686; C.349 var.
Scarce, VF

2 SEMISSES were worth 1 AS
1 commentsJochen
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33764 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat
Siam, Gambling Token: 1760-1821 AD64 viewsUniversal Peace and Harmony

Gambling tokens were first introduced during the Ayudhya period by Chinese gamblers. They were made from tin or brass between 1760 - 1821 AD. Between 1821-1875 AD, the tokens were made from porcelain. They are found in many different forms and shapes: multi-sided or cirular, flat and with a wide range of designs such as flowers, animals, aquatic animals and Chinese mythological figures. The value of each token was inscribed in Chinese on the reverse side of token. There are more than 5,000 designs. Later, they were used in commercial transactions as well, and became in effect legal tender. In 1875 AD, the government prohibited their use for commercial purposes.
utrecht lion daalder.jpg
UTRECHT - Netherlands Lion Daalder64 viewsUTRECHT - Netherlands AR Lion Daalder, 1680. Rosette mintmark. Obv.: Knight (without helmet plume) over shield with lion. Rev.: Rampant lion left. Reference: KM#72.dpaul7
Vespasian-RIC-1542A64 viewsAR Denarius, 2.80g
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1542A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements
Acquired from G&N, eBay, 22 November 2012.

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1542A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC IX 062a-2, A/-//TES, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC IX 062a-2, A/-//TES, AE-4 Follis, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers:- D-N-VALENTINIANVS-P-F-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLORIA-REI-PVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, A in the left field.
exergo: A/-//TES, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 384-388 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-62a.2, p-188,
Vandals anonymous64 viewsObverse: Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Victory advancing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left
Mint : Carthage
Date : 5th Century AD
Reference : Wroth, Coins of the Vandals, Victory type 21-31, Pl. III, 10
Grade : V
Weight : 0.99g
Metal : AE
Acquired: 16/06/06
Comments : Wroth notes that coins showing inscriptions represented by strokes or lozenges are probably indicative of barbarous imitations (possibly the Mauri tribe).
Vespasian - [RIC 1422C, BMCRE -, RSC -]64 viewsSilver denarius, 2.76g, 17mm, 180 degree, Ephesus mint, 71 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right

Rev. - CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres seated left on ornate high-backed chair, corn ears and poppy in right, cornucopia in left, BY in ex.

An unlisted type for Vespasian's Ephesus Group 5 denarii. In the upcoming RIC II addenda this type should be assigned 1422C.

This is the third known example. Other examples are ex Lynn collection and David Atherton collection in which both share the same dies. This example is from a different die set, making it the first of a second die set.

The BY mint mark does not show up well in the photo, however, in hand it is quite apparent.

Purchased from eBay
4 commentsrenegade3220
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AV Aureus, AD.7064 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: COS ITER T-R POT, Pax seated left, holding branch and caduceus.
2 commentsanthivs
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius64 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
Victorin 1.jpg
Victorinus - antoninianus64 views[IMP. C. VI]CTORINVS P.F. AVG
[IN]VICTVS , Sol Invictus advancing left with whip. Star to the left.
RIC 114
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.64 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
BCC g1664 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Intaglio 1st-4th cent.CE
Caesarea Maritima
Victory advancing left,
holding wreath and palm branch.
Transparent Red Carnelian
Gem size: 7x9 mm. 0.18gm.
cf. Anit Hamburger, "Gems from Caesarea Maritima",
Atiqot English Series, Vol. VIII, 1968, #58 and #61.
(click on photo for higher resolution)
1 commentsv-drome
Moesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #0164 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding hare by its hind legs and standard, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: -/-//AN IIII, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 10,83g, axis:1 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-090, PM-1-43-1, Rare!!!, #01
Moesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #164 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS-C-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding branch in righ hand, transverse sceptre surmounted by a small figure of victory in left hand, between an bull and a lion.
exergo: -/-//AN XI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-126, PM-3-06-8,
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)64 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Vrbs Roma - Arles64 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=17mm p=2,27g
1 commentsantvwala
ROMAN EMPIRE, Zeno AE4 474-491 Antioch (ANT)64 viewsObv: ...N...
Rev: Monogram
RIC X 968
Julia Domna 63 viewsJulia Domna Denarius
20 mm 3.09 gm
Draped bust of Julia right.
Venus seated left, holding apple and scepter, before her, Cupid standing right, hand on her knee.
3 commentsKoffy
Philadelphia, Lydia63 views159-133 B.C.
Bronze Ć16
4.84 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Macedonian shield
Rev.: ΦIΛAΔEΛ/ΦEΩN above and below thunderbolt, monogram above, all within olive wreath
BMC Lydia, p.187, 1, 2; Sear 4723; cf SNG Von Aulock 3060.

Another view
2 commentsJaimelai
Constitution - 12 deniers 1791 A63 viewsAtelier de Paris (A)
LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCOIS, buste drapé a gauche, A sous le buste
LA NATION LA LOI LE ROI rose 1791 . 3 . DELALIB . faisceau surmonté d'un bonnet phrygien entre deux branches de chęne
11.82 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2253
We now have a King being on the same level as his subjects and the Law. He his king of the french instead of being king of France
1 commentsPotator II
SEVERUS ALEXANDER63 viewsAR denarius. 234 AD. 3.17 gr. Laureate and draped bust right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG. / Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. P M TR P XIII COS III P P. RIC IV 123. RSC 448
1 commentsbenito
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC63 viewsTetradrachm , 22mm, 16.85g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG, 262, Lot 95
2 commentsrobertpe
Hadrian, Sestertius - 006563 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P , laureate and draped bust right
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, Hadrian raising kneeling figure of Hipania
24.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 3633, scarce

Trčs usée mais pas courante
Potator II
Diva Faustina, Denarius63 viewsMinted in Rome, after AD 147
DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right with pearls in hair
AVGV STA, Vesta standing left, draped and veiled, holding simpulum and palladium
3.29 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #4587, RIC III # 368, Cohen #108
Potator II
Plautilla, Denarius - bE463 viewsRome mint
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA FELIX, Caracalla and Plautilla face to face, shaking hands
3.41 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #7066 var, Cohen #12, RSC # 12, RIC-, BMC -, Hill –

I believe this type should be considered as transitionnal or an hybrid (as is the aA3) associating a 202 reverse type to a 204-205 bust type
1 commentsPotator II
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,63 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Caracalla of Nikopolis ad Istrum63 viewsCaracalla
Moesia Inferor, Nikopolis as Istrum
AE - / 16mm / -
Ob: obscured legend - Laureate draped bust right
Rv: NIKOΠΟΛΙΤΩΝΠΡΟCIΤΡΟΝ - Basket of fruit with handle
Mint: (198-217 AD)
References: AMNG 1, 1, p417 No. 1609, plate XX 38
Scotvs Capitis
Macrinus AE 25 Markianopolis63 viewsMoushmov 527, SNGCop 221
10.5 g, 25 mm
Magistrate Pontianus
AVT K M OPEL MAKPEINOC, laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
VP PONTIANOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae
2 commentsMark Z2
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!63 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare head right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVG, Sacrificial implements: knife, sprinkler, jug, lituus and simpulum, S-C in exergue.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 27mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:173-74 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1240a (Ant. Pius), p-174, C-485, Sear-1399,
Gallienus, Sestertius63 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right
CONCORDIA EXERCIT, Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia and patera.
18.5 gr
Ref : RIC # 209, Göbl # 15dd, Cohen #132, RCV #10467
1 commentsPotator II
Carus63 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
RV: Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre /"B" in left field
Ex: -
RIC 13
2 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,63 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) p-393
Fausta, AE363 viewsThessalonica mint
FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right
SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing, holding Constantinus II and Constantius II in her arms, SMT[...] at exergue
3.34 gr
Fausta, petit bronze, Ref : Cohen # 15, LRBC # 828, TTB
1 commentsPotator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #163 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
P. Licinius Nerva. 113-112 BC63 viewsP. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius. Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169.1 commentsecoli
Constantius II63 viewsConstantius II AE3. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards between them, RBT in ex.3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Greece, 100 Drachmai 1992, KM # 159.63 viewsGreece,
100 Drachmes, brass (29 mm / 10.00 g), 1992,
Obv.: EΛΛHNIKH ΔHMOKPATIA / 1992 - BEPΓINA / 100 / ΔPAXMEΣ , the Vergina sun or star of Vergina.
Rev.: MEΓAΣ AΛEΞANΔPOΣ / BAΣIΛEYΣ MAKEΔONΩN , diademed head of Alexander The Great with horn of Ammon right.
KM # 159.

The Vergina Sun or Star of Vergina is a symbol of a stylised star with sixteen rays. It was found in archaeological excavations in Vergina, in northern Greece, where it was discovered on a golden larnax found in 1977 in the tombs of the kings of the ancient kingdom of Macedon.
The significance of the Vergina Sun is unclear. Archaeologists do not agree whether the sun was a symbol of Macedon, an emblem of Philip's Argead dynasty, a religious symbol, or simply a decorative design.

my ancient coin database
Egypt, Alexandria, 106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3096, D-5477, Eagle left, ETOYC-S, across the field, #163 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3096, D-5477, Eagle left, ETOYC-S, across the field, #1
avers:- A-K-Λ-ΔOM-AVPHΛIANOC CEB, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- ETOYC-S, Eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
exerg: -/S//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 8,5g, axes: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 274-275 A.D., Year 6. S, ref: Geissen-3096, Dattari-5477, Kapmann-Ganschow-106.54-p333,
Ex Kreß 155 (1972), Lot 515.
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 63 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Arelate (SCONST)63 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter,
Chi-Rho in Left Field
Poland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630.63 viewsPoland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630. Crowned arms and titles / Orb with value in center divides date (16)3-0.

KM 11
Rome Commemorative Alexandria (SMALA)63 viewsObv: URBS ROMA
Rev: Wolf and Twins
German States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797.63 viewsGerman States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797. FRIDERICHVS WILHELM.BORUSS REX 1797, bust right / GROSSUS BORUS MERIDIUNA, crowned arms flanked by branches.

KM 2.1
Female bust right (with kalathos?)63 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Bostra. Commodus. Ć 19. A.D. 166-177 (as Caesar). Obv: (ΛAYPKOM)KA-ICAYTVIOΓEP. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (NETPA)-IABOC(T). Bust of Athena (Tyche?) right, wearing crested helmet. Ref: Spijkerman 26(obv)/27(rev). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.31 g. Note: This combination of obv. and rev. inscpriptions was not known to Spijkerman. CM: Female (?) bust wearing Kalathos (or similar), in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
18263 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars stg right, leaning on shield, spear in hand
London mint
RIC 182
Thrace-Thasos; 412-404 BC63 viewsAR-Trihemiobol
Obv: Satyr,seen from behind,kneeling on left,looking right,over his shoulder,
holding kantharos in right,left on hip.
Rev: Amphora, on either side, ΘΑΣ on left, ΙΩΝ on right.
Size: 12mm;0.82gms
Ref: BMC Tauric Chersonese,Thrace,vol.3,Pg.221,No.58
SNG Copenhagen 1031
Sear I-1755var.
Nice in hand, lousy photo!
1 commentsBrian L
Hadrian - Britannia63 viewsHadrian As
c. 119-121

Britannia seated facing foot on rock resting head on right hand and holding sceptre, to right, large shield.

RIC 577(b), R2 rarity

EX Robert O Ebert Collection, EX Hausman Collection, EX Stack's, Coin Galleries, 2/21/1990, lot 335.
Bithynia, Nicaea, Gordian III63 viewsObv.: M ANT GOPDIANOC AVG; draped and radiate bust right
Rev.: N /I /K /A /I /EWN; four military standards, two capricorns above
4.2 gm; 16 mm.

Zwicker Z1073; cf Rec Gen 711; Mionnet S. 870.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod63 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Ć 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
agathokles63 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
Sicily. Akragas. Ca. 338-287 B.C.63 viewsĆ 18 mm. Laureate head of Zeus left. Rv. Eagle standing left, clutching hare which it is about to devour; above tail feathers, Δ. ancientone
Roman Empire, Clodius Albinus, AE as, RIC 61a, rare non-divided ALBIN. - Obverse63 viewsThe coin pictured is known by one other example, a coin sold by Sotheby's. The non-divided ALBIN on the obverse is one out of the 9 known dies for this series. The coin is published in Curtis Clay's Oxford thesis.Ryan C
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm63 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Troas, Alexandreia, civic issue, Bellinger A49063 viewsTroas, Alexandria, time of Gallienus, AD 253-268
AE 24, 5.12g
obv. ALEX - TRO
Bust of city-goddess (Tyche), draped and turreted, r., behind vexillum inscribed
rev. CO - L - AVG - TRO
Eagle, with raised wings, flying r., holding in his talons forehead of bull
Bellinger A490 (type 47); SNG Copenhagen 114; BMC 53-56
EF, superb specimen

The depiction is referring to the founder myth of Alexandria: The eagle carrying a bull's head which is a common occurence from now [Commodus Caesar] on, must refer to a foundation legend, like that told of Antioch on the Orontes, of an eagle carrying part of a sacrificial animal to a spot where the new city was destined to raise (Bellinger).
5 commentsJochen
Alexander III 63 viewsMacedonian AE18 - Price 2102Ghengis_Jon
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,63 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,
avers:- AVT-K-KΛAVΔIOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LA, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding rudder in right hand.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg63 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine

Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0163 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Sear 1836 (with Mardin c/m 14)63 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class D Follis, weight 7.42g, diameter 28mm. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 14 countermark on the obverse, the word Imad [= ‘pillar’, part of an honorific]: Zengid, attributed to Imad al-din [‘Pillar of the Faith’] Zengi II, the atabeg of Sinjar and Nisibin, 1169 -1197 CE. Probably mint of Nisibin. Abu Galyon
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)63 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 63 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 63 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ř33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
137-161 AD - Antoninus Pius - RIC III 969 var - TR POT XX COS IIII S C63 viewsEmperor: Antoninus Pius (r. 137-161 AD)
Date: 156-157 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Dupondis

Emperor Antoninus Pius Father of the Country Second Imperatorial Acclamation
Bust left; radiate

Tribune Twentieth Term Consul Fourth Term; Minted by Senatorial Decree
Annona standing right, foot on prow, holding rudder on globe and modius.

Rome mint
Strack, Antoninus Pius 1128; var. RIC III 969
11.63g; 24.6mm; 15°
Apollonia Pontika63 views400 BC BMC 150-12 commentsGhengis_Jon
Arab Byz 3.jpg
Arab-Byzantine fals - Emesa (Homs, Syria)63 viewsKAΛON / b-Homs (in Arabic) , bust of a Byzantine emperor holding globe with cross.
EMI CHC around large m ; tayyib (= "good", like καλον in Greek) in exergue.
SPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I63 viewsSPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I, (1506-1516), copper dinero (type 2, with gothic lettering) struck in Zaragoza.
Thanks to Manzikert for attribution!

Magnia Urbica Ticinum63 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS63 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
Augustus RIC 21163 views27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius. Lugdunum mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 4.
R: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT; C L CAESARES in ex; Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing facing, each resting a hand on a shield. Crossed spears behind the shields. Simpulum on l. and lituus on r., X below.
RIC 211; BMC 537; RSC 43a.
001. Augustus, 27BC-14AD. AR Denarius. Ob Civis Servatos.63 viewsAR Denarius. Tarraco mint. 19 B.C.
Obv. Bare head right CAESAR AVGVSTVS

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS below and above wreath.

RIC I 75a, RSC 210, BMCRE 376-7 = BMCRR Rome 4389-90, BN 1164-9. gVF.

Incredibly high relief, almost 2mm from the fields. Wear only on the highest curls. Assigned to Tarraco by style based on work by Richard Prideauxin Triton XI.
Bactrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, 174 - 160 B.C.63 viewsSilver square drachm; (Bop.4a, Mitchner 207f, SNG ANS 303); 165 -160 B.C. Weight 2.3 g., Max side measurment 16.57 mm., Obv. ΣΩTHPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ around, Elephant stg. r., AV monogram below; Rev. Karosthi legend around, Zebu bull stg. r., A below;. Toned with light encrustation. 4 commentsSteve E
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165163 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1625. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1625 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.
BOUILLON & SEDAN63 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
PROTO-COINAGE, Ring money, Celtic, 400 - 200 B.C.63 views4.9 gm 24.4 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC Five knobbed base metal ring.
Measurement was taken without the knobs. The meaning of the knobs is not understood in modern times. The most obvious theory would be that they are related to the value of the ring money. However, a quick scan of the rings presented here clearly demonstrates that whatever value was represented could not be based on either dimension or weight. My own guess is that the value was controlled by dictum, perhaps by the priestly class. This particular example is considered scarce.
I5. Judaea, Procurator Issue63 viewsObv: ΝΕΡW ΚΛΑV KAICAP
Two oblong shields and two spears, crossed.
Six branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates.
Prutah 1.6 gm 16.5 mm 54 AD Sear (GIC) 5626 Hendrin 562
Comment: Struck by Antoninus Felix, Procurator of Judaea in the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Claudius and honors the heirs apparent i.e. Nero on the obverse and Brittanicus on the reverse.
Constantine63 viewsConstantine I. AE (21mm) Follis. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG laureate cuirassed bust right/ GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head turreted/towered?, loins draped, holding patera & cornucopiae.
RS in ex

RIC VI Rom 294a
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
My favorite Caligula63 viewsGaius Caligula AE As. Struck 37-8 AD. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left .
VESTA above, S C across field, Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre. Cohen 27.
2 commentsBritanikus
Caracalla 198-217 denarius63 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P.M.TR.P.XVII.COS.IIII.P.P. Apollo seated left resting hand on lyre
Ref. Sear 1835
Year 214AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

1 commentsBacchus
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