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Meio escude Ouro Portugal 1722 Lisboa.jpg
Don Joao V from Portugal, 1/2 Escudo69 viewsAU, 15mm. ,Lisbon mint, Portugal, 1722
Obv: Ioannes V D G PORT ET ALG REX 1722 (L.)
Rev: Vinces in hoc signo
Jean Paul D
Miletos, Ionia69 views525 B.C.
Silver 1/12 stater
1.20 gm, 9-12 mm
Obv: Head of lion left
Rev: Star ornament within incuse square
Grose 8207, SNGvA 2082, SNG Cop 952, BMC 185.
3 commentsJaimelai
moneta 291.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Thessalonica - RIC VII 12369 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right
rev: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG VOT XX. VOT XX enclosed in wreath.
exergue: TS epsilon VI
Struck 324 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VII 123 (R2)
Van Meter 79
2 commentsJericho
moneta 428b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, Nikopolis, AE2769 viewsobv: Radiate bust right
rev: Hygeia standing right, feeding serpent from patera.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Nikopolis under Legate Novius Rufus
2 commentsJericho
moneta 527.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Markianopolis, AE2569 viewsobv: Facing busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
rev: Tetrastyle temple with peaked roof, statue of Serapis within holding right hand upraised & scepter in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Markianopolis
Moushmov 508
1 commentsJericho
Nero Sestertius, Roma type Lugdunum RIC 44269 viewsNERO AE orichalcum sestertius.

Lugdunum, 65 AD.

laureate head right, globe at point of bust. Reverse - Roma seated left on cuirass & shields, S C at sides, ROMA in exergue.
36mm, 24.4g.

RIC 442 (C)

Grade: VF, small hole..
2 commentscliff_marsland
ROMAN EMPIRE, NERO, AR Denarius69 viewsObverse: NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laur. head right
Reverse: VESTA, Vesta seated in circular hexastyle temple
RIC 62
1 commentsOptimus
Nero 13 Oct 59 - 9 Jun 68 AD, Lugdunum Mint69 viewsOrichalcum dupondius, Van Meter RIC (Nero) 27, RIC I 519 (BMCRE I 347), Weight 10.14 g, Max.diameter 27.55 mm, Lugdunum (Lyons) mint, 67 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left, small globe at base of neck; Rev. SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C, Securitas enthroned right, relaxed with head resting on right hand, scepter in left, lit altar and torch before. Thin brown and red patina, mostly worn. Cracks, chips, and corroded.

Historical background; Van Meter states that this type refers to the suppression of the Pisonian Conspiracy.
1 commentsSteve E
NERO Drachm, RIC 621, Claudius69 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERM, laureate head of Nero right
REV: DIVOS CLAVD AVGVST GERMANIC PATER AVG, Claudius' laureate head right
17mm, 3.6g

Minted at Caesarea
3 commentsLegatus
Nero, 54 - 68 AD69 viewsObv: NERO CAESAR, laureate head of Nero facing right.

Rev: AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS, Nero dressed in a toga and wearing a radiate crown, standing facing, holding a branch and a statue of Victory on a globe.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 64 - 65 AD

3.8 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC I 47, RSC 45, S1941, VM 6
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2015) viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 29, 12.30g, 28.79mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Demeter, stg. l., holding 2 corn-ears and a poppy-head in her outstretched r. hand, leaning
with l. hand on lighted torch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2047 (3 ex., Athens, Wien, Welzl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4186 corr. (rev. same die, writes in error ICTRON)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No.
VF, dark green patina

POC may be a ligate PR?
1 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Cilicia, Ninica-Claudiopolis, Maximinus I, SNG Levante Supp. 170 (plate coin)69 viewsMaximinus I AD 235-236
AE 30 mm, 14.59 g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
She-wolf standing right under Ruminal fig tree, head l., suckling the twins
Remus and Romulus
ref. SNG Levante 618 (same dies); SNG Levante Supp. 170 (this coin); SNG Paris 791 (same dies); SNG von
Aulock 5775 (same dies)
Choice EF, nice olive-brown patina, rare this nice.
published on

The fig tree was sanctified to the goddess Rumina. Later the twins were found by the shepherd Faustulus. The rest is well-known!
The legend is in Latin because the city was a Roman colonia. The she-wolf looks a bit like a horse!
2 commentsJochen
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 362, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Numerian standing left,69 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 362, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Numerian standing left,
avers:- M-AVR-NVM(M)ERIA(N)VS-C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. LEGEND ERROR !!!.
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENT, Numerian standing left, holding wand and scepter.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 362, p-188,
Orodes V, Drachm69 viewsOrodes V, End 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Orodes left wearing long beard divided into two points. Tuft of hair on top of head. Double diadem with ties falling on the back.
Rev: Bust of Artemis left. Head adorned with a tiara surmounted by a row of beads. Anchor in left field.

Weight: 1.9 grams
Die axis 2 o'clock

van't Haaff 18.1.1-2A
de Morgan 57
Sear GIC 5917
BMC 28 282 6ff (listed for Orodes IV)
Howard Cole
ROMAN EMPIRE, Otacilia Severa, AR antoninianus69 viewsOptimus
Otacilia Severa RIC IV, 125(c)69 viewsOtacilia Severa, Wife of Philipp I, AD 234
AR - Antoninianus, 4.19g, 22mm
Rome 146-148
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae
RIC IV/3, 125(c); C.4
good VF
2 commentsJochen
Otho (69 A.D.)69 viewsAR Denarius
O: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TRP - Bare head right.
R: SECVRITAS PR - Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter
Rome Mint, Feb- Mar. 69 A.D.
RIC 8, BMC 18, S 2162, C 17
5 commentsMat
OTTOKAR II L-68a.jpg
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King69 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig, Vienna Mint. Obv.: Small cross in foliage ring. Rev.: Crowned lion left, border of stars. Luschin #68a. dpaul7
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King69 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Panther left with sword. Rev.: Ibex right. Reference: Luschin 71a.dpaul7
Ottomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II Constantinople (Qustantinya) #0869 viewsOttomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II
date: 1099-AH
mint: Constantinople (Qustantinya)
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Caesarea Maritima mint AE 2869 viewsBust r. radiate
Apollo nude holding branch, panther at his feet
Papal States -- Urban VIII Barberini69 viewsPapal States -- Urban VIII Barberini (1623-1644 AD) AR Barberino of Avignon, 1626. Obv.: VRBANVS VIII PONT M Tiara and keys over shield of arms Rev.: S PETRVS AVENIO St. Peter over shield of arms. BerMAN 1796. Toned VF. 26 mm.dpaul7
41-60 AD - Semi-Autonomous AE15 of Pergamum - struck under the time of the Claudians69 viewsobv: PEON CYNKLHTON (youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right)
rev: PEAN PWMHN (turreted and draped bust of Roma right)
ref: RPC 2374, SNG BN Paris 1964
mint: Pergamum, Mysia (40-60 AD)
4.03gms, 15mm

Pergamum was not conquered by the Romans. In 133 B.C. Attalus III, its last king, bequeathed Pergamum to the Romans and this granted to the city and its inhabitants the continued benevolence of the new rulers (with the only exception being Marcus Antonius who deprived the Library of Pergamum of many of its volumes to replenish that of Alexandria, which had been damaged by Julius Caesar).
Philipp II, AE18-1969 views18-19mm, 7.15g
1 commentsareich
C. 445-420 BC
Obv: Facing bulls head
Rev: Head of Artemis in incuse square
Super metal and detail
Williams 242a pl 8 (this coin)

Ex. Roderick T Williams Collection, Baldwin's Auction 75, September 26, 2012, lot 2274.

Published: Silver Coinage of the Phokians, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 7 (London, 1972), 242a Plate 8
5 commentspaul1888
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus GERMANICVS MAX V69 viewsGallienus, c. 258-259 A.D., Cologne mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield.
REV: GERMANICVS MAX V, two German captives seated at the foot of a trophy.
2 commentsancientcoins
Picture 024.jpg
Antonius Felix69 viewsPrefect: 52-59 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Wreath
Reverse: Crossed palm branches
Date: Year 14 = 54 AD
Reference: Hendin 651
1 commentsJohn K
Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius69 viewsRoman Republic • Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius
3.63g, 5h, Rome Mint.
Laureate Head of Jupiter right, SC behind/Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, palm frond and wreath, B below horses.
Crawford 364/1dSydenham 742b, Antonia 1.
CNG grade: Superb EF, lightly toned. My annotation: Reverse struck off center.
Larry M2
Lysimachos Æ69 viewsLysimachos Æ21
c. 305-281 BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Lion springing right; kerykeion, monogram, and spearhead below.

SNG Copenhagen 1153.

3 commentsmihali84
Persian AR Siglos - King + Dagger/Bow69 viewsAchaemenid Kings of Persia, Darius I AR Siglos 17mm 5.20g 510-486 BC.
O: Great King kneeling r. with Bow and Dagger. Central square test punch, banker’s mark below l.
R: Oblong punch.
SG - , Head CoLP 27. _6600
Antonivs Protti
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 1st. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-1, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A//XXI, RESTITVT ORBIS, Female and Emperor, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), A//XXI, RESTITVT ORBIS, Female and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- RESTITVT ORBIS, Female standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, date: 281 A.D., 4th. emiss., 1st., off., ref: RIC V-II 925-4-1, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: -/-//ΔXXI, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-543, p-74, C-358, "C",
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Probus, Egypt, Alexandria, Tetradrachm69 viewsPotin Tetradrachm of Alexandria
obv: A K M AVP PPOBOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right
rev: L-B, eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak.
Year 2 = 276-277 AD
9.8 gm ; 20 mm
Milne 4545; Sear 4772.
3 commentsJericho
Lydia, Maionia, Zeus / Athena, AE2669 views26mm, 11.05g
obv: ΖΕΥΣ ΟΛΥΜΠΙΟΣ; head of Zeus Olympios wearing taenia, l.; with traces of drapery
rev: ΕΠΙ ΑΠΟΛ ΤΟ Β ΜΑΙΟΝΩΝ (uncertain); helmeted Athena (or Roma?) seated on cuirass and shield, l., holding Nike and parazonium

RPC online (temporary №) 9540; SNG Tübingen 3719 (magistrate name not clear)

Thanks to Lars for the attribution.
1 commentsareich
RI 045a img.jpg
045 - Sabina denarius - RIC 39569 viewsObv:– SABINA AVGVSTA, Diademed and draped bust right, hair in queue down neck
Rev:– IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing left with patera & scepter
Mint – Rome
Reference RIC 395
RI 064fi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -69 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
RI 132kf img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 185 - Bust type F (Rome) ((R crescent Γ) )69 viewsObv:–IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMAE AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (R crescent Γ) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 279
Reference(s) – RIC 185 Bust type F
2 commentsmaridvnvm
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (2,F),
revers: ORIENS-AVG, Sol walking left, between two captives, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exerg: -/-//I, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, 2nd emiss, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 044, p-23, C-, Bastien 164, R!
Vespasian RIC-51469 viewsAR Denarius, 3.32g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C). BMC 101. RSC 516.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
Acquired from Sergey Nechayev, September 2010.

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
RIC 0747 Domitianus69 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS AVGVSTUS, Laureate head right
AU/Aureus (19.44 mm 7.435 g 6h) Struck in Rome 92-94 A.D.
RIC 747 (C), BMCRE 211, BNF 187
ex Inasta Auction 11 lot 339
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 904, Cyzicus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//--, Emperor riding left,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 904, Cyzicus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//--, Emperor riding left,
avers:- VIRTVS PR-OB-I AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated with a rider right.
revers:- ADVENTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd emission, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC-904, Scarce!
47569 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
Rome, Lead Seal, #16,69 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #16,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #17,69 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #17,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #18,69 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #18,quadrans
Roman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,69 viewsRoman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,
type: Gagat-bracelet,
size: 65-71x5,5mm,
weight: 10,02g,
date: ??? A.D.,
distribution:??? ,
RPC-1648-Vespasian69 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.).
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC-1970-Vespasian69 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.25g
Antioch mint, 69 AD
RPC 1970 (9 spec.).
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY A; Eagle with wreath in beak standing, l. on club; in l. field, palm branch
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, October 2014.

Vespasian was proclaimed emperor in Alexandria Egypt on 1 July 69 and the legions in Antioch followed suit a week or so later. "At Antioch gold and silver currencies were struck" according to Tacitus in 'The Histories' - and here is one of those coins. Struck between mid July and 30 September 69 this early tetradrachm was probably minted to help finance Vespasian's rise to the purple. These issues are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were also used to pay the legions stationed there involved with crushing the ongoing Jewish revolt. This coin even now has some of the Judaean dirt still clinging to it.

Struck in good 'Antioch' style the coin is better in hand than my feeble attempt at photography would otherwise indicate.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
JULIUS CAESAR (d. 44 BC), AR denarius, struck February-March 44 BC, moneyer C. Cossutius Maridianus69 viewsObverse- Wreathed and veiled head of Caesar right, DICT IN PERPETVO behind, CAESAR before.
Reverse- moneyer's name with Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting elbow on shield on globe.

RSC10, 19mm, 3.17g.

NGC VG ("bankers marks", Strike 3/5, Surface 2/5), cert. #4095350-001.
Ex- Imperial Coins & Artifacts, January 2011, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: This coin might be an "ugly duckling", but it's got a ton of history. When it came time to pursue a Twelve Caesars collection, I knew that nothing but a lifetime portrait issue of Caesar would do for me, though I probably could have had one of those interesting "elephants" or a more attractive "goddess head" design in better condition for less. This time I chose historical significance over eye appeal. This coin would have been struck just before Caesar's assassination on the fateful Ides of March, perhaps in that very month. It wasn't easy finding one within my $500/coin budgetary ceiling at the time, but this one came in under that price... barely.
4 commentslordmarcovan
S1086 DA DING.jpg
CHINA - JIN DYNASTY - DA DING69 viewsJin (Tartar) Dynasty - Emperor Shi Zong (1161-1190) -- Da Ding reign (1178-1189) Cash. S-1086. H-18.42.dpaul7
Salonina, Concordia69 viewsBillon antoninianus; 3.16g; 22mm
Samosata mint, 255 - 258 A.D.

diademed and draped bust on crescent

Emperor and Empress clasping hands, wreath between

RIC 63 var (rev. legend AVGG); Cunetio hoard 864, Göbl 1706Ac, Gökyildirim hoard 2849
3 commentsarizonarobin
Sear 1853 (with Mardin c/m 17)69 viewsHost coin: Follis of Constantine X Ducas (1059 – 1067 CE), weight 5.3g, diameter 27mm., mint of Constantinople. Faint traces of an undertype on the obverse, apparently a class B anonymous follis (Sear 1823). Mardin type 17 countermark on obverse, the word lillah [ = ‘for Allah’]: Artuqid, ruler uncertain.

Abu Galyon
Billion trachy lg module, clipped type 0 SB 203569 viewsObverse: Christ stg on dias fr. hand raised in benediction
Reverse: Emperor wearing stemma, short military tunic, breastplate, sagion holding labarum in r. and gl cr. in l.
Mint: Constantinople
Date:1230- 1260 CE
Sear 2035 Hendy type O attributed mostly to Baldwin de Courtenai by Malloy et al
18mm .51gm
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 265, Rome, AR-Denarius, FVNDATOR PACIS, Severus veiled as a priest standing left,69 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 265, Rome, AR-Denarius, FVNDATOR PACIS, Severus veiled as a priest standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FVNDAT-OR-PACIS, Severus veiled as a priest standing left, holding olive branch.
exe: , diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 2,91g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 195 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-265, p-, RSC-205, BMC-330,
Septimius Severus, AE 1969 viewsAV L SEPT SEVHROC
Bust laureate, cuirassed, draped, right
Kybele seated left, holding patera, leaning on tympanum
Interesting variant, omits lion, similar to Blancon List 41, 2003, 129, an AE 20, but has rev. legend running from 8 to 5 o'cl. and laureate head only on obverse (Courtesy of C. Clay).
Varbanov (Eng.) I, -; H&J -
Ex. Forum Ancient Coins
1 commentswhitetd49
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan Decius, Rome mint, struck 249 AD, AE Sestertius69 viewsIMP CAES C MESS Q DECIO TRAI AVG laureate-headed and draped bust right
DACIA, S-C Dacia standing left
RIC 101b, Cohen 22
Severina, wife of Aurelian69 viewsObv: SEVERINA AVG, diademed, draped bust of Severina facing right, on a crescent.

Rev: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding two ensigns, B in right field; (XXI) R in exergue

Billon Antoninianus, Rome mint, 274 - 275 AD

3.8 grams, 21 mm, 0°

RIC Vi 4, S11705, VM 4
SPQR Coins
Septimius Severus Iovi Conservatori69 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AR silver denarius. Struck 197-198 AD. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right. Reverse - IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter seated left holding Victory & scepter. RSC 236. 17mm, 3.9g.

The ubiquitous 'IOVI CONSERVATORI' (Jupiter, the Savior) makes its first appearance on Roman Coins with this issue by Severus in 197AD. The reverse legend would go on to appear on a majority of coins from the tetrarchy period, a century later.
2 commentsfordicus
Petillius Capitolinus (43 B.C.)69 viewsAR Denarius
O: CAPITOLINVS, Bare head of bearded Jupiter right.
R: PETILLIVS, The Capitoline Temple of Jupiter: richly decorated hexastyle façade with ornamented pediment and garlands hanging within three openings; [PE]TILLIVS in exergue.
Crawford 487/1, Sydenham 1149
3 commentsMat
Macedonia, Thessalonica, Elagabal, AMNG 5369 viewsElagabal AD 218-222
AE 22, 6.08g
bust, laureate, r.
Kabeiros in short chiton stg. l., holding rhyton in r. hand and hammer in raised l.
hand. At both sides short column with elephant tusk on it.
AMNG III, 53 (1 ex., London)
very rare, VF

The 'horn-shaped symbol' - often attached to the Thessalian Kabeiri - has no special connection to the cult of this deity - as suggested so long - but is an elephant tusk which we find as dedicated gift to Serapis, Isis, Astarte and Atergatis too (Gaebler, AMNG).
2 commentsJochen
Titus | Ceres * Rome - AR Denarius, 79-81 AD.69 views
Titus | Ceres * Rome - Silver Denarius

Obv: Laureate head right: IMP TITVS CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M
Rev: Ceres seated left, holding poppy and corn ears in outstretched right and torch vertical in left hand, cradled in crook of her left arm: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII

Exergue: Clear

Mint: Rome
Struck: 1 July – ca. 15 July, 79 AD.

Size: 17.88 mm.
Weight: 3.45 gms.
Die axis: 180°


BMC, 7
Cohen 270 -
RIC II, 8D, page 117 -
SEAR RCV I (2000), 2508, page 465
RSC, 270a - Similar, but without PP at end of reverse legend.

Rare, as an issue struck for a very brief period (see above).
Struck 55-40 days prior to the eruption of Vesuvius which destroyed Pompeii, Herculaneum, et al. (24 August, 79 AD.)

Status: TCJH, Private Collection.

My gratitude to Curtis Clay for his kind assistance with dating & clarifications.
3 commentsTiathena
Titus RIC-12969 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 129 (C). BMC 80. RSC 323.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod with fillets; above, dolphin
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, October 2008.

Rarer left facing portrait of the type. The right facing example was probably minted at a ratio of 10:1 compared to the left facing.

Another tough coin to track down. Nicely centered with a better than average portrait.
1 commentsvespasian70
Titus as Caesar RIC II V156369 viewsTitus as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.86g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate and draped bust right. Rev: Titus standing right in quadriga with branch and sceptre. RIC II 1563, RPC II 1935, RSC 395.

Commemorating the Judea Capta Triumphal parade, celebrated in 71 AD., this is one of the more rarely issued eastern denari of the Flavian reign. Typical of Antioch, this coin has a high relief portrait. This also is my only example of a draped bust.
6 commentsLucas H
laureate head right

thunderbolt on draped table or chair

Rome 80 AD


RIC II 119 (C2) , Sear 2513

Ex-Arcade coins (Junk box)

My first Flavian coin bought about 10 years ago! New photo!
1 commentsJay GT4
Moesia Inferior, Tomis. Commodus AE27. Bust of Sarapis69 viewsObv: ΑΥΤO Κ Λ ΑΙΛ ΑΥΡ ΚΟΜΟΔΟΣ. laureate head of Commodus, r.
Rev: ΜΗΤΡΟΠ ΠΟΝΤΟΥ ΤΟΜΕΩΣ Δ . head of Sarapis wearing kalathos, r.
27 mm.,10.0 g.
die-axis: 7
AMNG 2694 var.
1 commentsancientone
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0523, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, 69 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0523, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, holding palm and erecting trophy.
exerg: -/-//SC, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-523-p-281, C-445,
Trajan Denarius69 views112-114 AD. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate draped bust right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy2 commentsancientone
Trajan AE Sestertius, Rex Parthis Datvs, RIC 66769 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, Laureate and draped bust right
Rev: REX PARTHIS DATVS, Trajan, laureate, seated left on camp bench set on daïs, presenting Parthamaspates, who is touching his crown, to Parthia kneeling right; military figure standing behind Trajan. RIC II 667; BMCRE 1046; Cohen 328. aVF. Scarce, very important historical coin.
Parthian interference in Armenia prompted Trajan to declare war against their king, Osroes I, in 114 AD. He quickly re-established Roman control of Armenia, forced the submission of Osrhoene, and in 116 AD took Mesopotamia by defeating Osroes I. Rather than pursuing the Parthians into Iran, Trajan set up a pro-Roman Parthian "buffer state" in Mesopotamia under a puppet-king appointed by Trajan, Parthamaspates. This event is commemorated on this issue.
1 commentsmattpat
Trajan Æ sestertius. SPQR Roma and kneeling Dacian. RIC 48669 viewsTrajan AE Sestertius. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI S-C, Roma standing left holding spear & victory, an abject Dacian kneeling at her feet.Ref Trajan AE Sestertius, RIC 486, Cohen 386, BMC 772mattpat
Trajan RIC II, 24569 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117 n.Chr.
AR - Denarius, 3.05g, 18.4mm
Rome, AD 112-117
Bust, laureate, r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
in ex. ARAB ADQ
Arabia stg. facing, head l., holding branch in r. r. hand and balsam cane in l. arm; behind her feet camel walking l.
RIC II, 245; C.26; BMC 474
about EF, attractive toned
From Forum Ancient Coins, thank you!

(1) ARAB ADQ = Arabia adquisita, Arabia acquired (not conquered!)
(2) The object in the l. arm is often called 'bundle of cinnamon sticks', but the extensions which are clearly seen on this specimen could better be explained by the rhizome (rootstock) of the balsam cane (as is stated in RIC too!)
2 commentsJochen
Trajan RIC 507 (bust); Woytek 201cB69 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. Æ Dupondius. Rome Mint. ca. 104/5-107 AD. (26mm, 10.58g, 6 h) Obv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, Radiate bust of Trajan right, wearing aegis. Obv: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C in exergue, Pax standing facing, head left, using torch to set fire to pile of arms, and holding cornucopiae.
Cf. RIC 507 (bust); Woytek 201cB; cf. BMC 892 (bust); BN 225

Ex: Triskeles Auction
3 commentsPaddy
Severina (Ulpia), AE-Antoninianus RIC V-I-01869 viewsSEVERINA AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint. 21 mm dia.
Obverse - SEVERINA AVG, diademed & draped bust right on crescent
Reverse - CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding two standards
mintmark XXI.
URBS ROMA. Mint: Treveri69 viewsStruck A.D.332 - 333 under Constantine I.
Obverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf, crescent symbol on shoulder, standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, TR•S.
RIC VII : 542

This coin is from the Grassmoor Hoard, Nottinghamshire, England.
v2053LG bk.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire, Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), AR Drachm69 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
Valerian II, RIC V 369 viewsColonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, Valerian II as Caesar Antoninianus, 253-255 A.D. AR, 22mm 3.83g, RIC V 3; MIR 36, 907e; RSC 26
O: VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: IOVI CRESCENNI, Infant Jupiter seated facing, raising hand, on goat advancing r.
2 commentscasata137ec
Valerian I votaorbis.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, VALERIAN I, AR Antoninianus of Antioch or Samosata. Struck A.D.253.69 viewsObverse: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Valerian facing right.
Reverse: VOTA ORBIS. Two Victories hanging shield inscribed S C on palm tree.
RIC V i : 294 Asia-Antioch | Göbl 1682e Samosata. 3.94gms

This coin is one of the issues struck on the accession of Valerian with vows alluding to his popularity.

Ex Vel Garnett Collection
Ex Harlan J Berk

1 comments*Alex
Valerianus II. antoninianus69 viewsCONSECRATIO3 commentsTibsi
Valerian I, Lindgren I, 1250 var.69 viewsAntioch, Pisidia mint, Valerian I 253-260 A.D. AE, 20mm 4.72g, Lindgren I, 1250 var.
O: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ANTIO-OCHIOC, Vexillum surmounted by eagle between two standards. S R in exergue.
1 commentscasata137ec
Kamnaskires V69 viewsAR tetradrachm, 54 - 32 BC
Van't Haaff 9.1.1-7

Also listed at
Robert L3
vespasian RIC120.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AR denarius - struck 79 AD69 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (laureate bust left)
rev: TR POT X COS VIIII (radiate Sol, nude but for chlamys, holding sceptre in his right hand, standing on rostral column)
ref: RIC II 120 (C), RSC560 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
3.07gms, 18mm

ex Sebastian Sonderman Ancient Numismatics
2 commentsberserker
Vespasian Antioch Dupondius Caduceus & Cornucopii69 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Winged caduceus between crossed cornucopii
5 commentsancientdave
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M69 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II D'ITALIA, head left / 10 CENTISMI 1866 M, all within wreath.

KM 11.1
36,000,000 minted
Victoria de pie.jpg
A154-10 - Valentiniano III (425 - 455 D.C.)69 viewsAE4 Nummus 10 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Gala Placidia y Constancio III, Augusto de Occidente.

Anv: "[DN VALENTINIANVS P F AVG]" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – [IA AVGG]" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "[RM]" en exergo, ”S” en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 425 - 455 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.2da.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.X #2121 Pag.377 - Cohen Vol.VIII #12 var. Pag.211 - DVM #25 Pag.320 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9717.b Pag.322
Vitellius Denarius69 viewsLaureate head right, A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P / Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below, XV VIR SACR FAC. Rome mint, April - December 20, AD69. RIC I 109 (pg. 273).socalcoins
Vitellius / L. Vitellius Denarius69 viewsVitellius (69 AD). AR Denarius, 18 mm, 2.51 g. Rome mint. Struck late April to December 20, 69.
O: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right.
R: L VITELLIVS COS III CENSOR, L. Vitellius seated left on curule chair, holding branch and eagle-tipped sceptre.
RIC I, 97 (R); Cohen 55 (40 Francs).

Lucius Vitellius the elder, the father of the emperor of the same name, had an impressive career under Tiberius, Caligula and Claudius. He achieved the highest honors attainable by a private man at Rome under the Empire: consul for the third time and censor. He held these offices during the reign of Claudius, being a close friend of the emperor and the most influential Roman senator.

Vitellius died unexpectedly from a paralytic stroke in 51 and received a statue on the speaker's platform on the Roman Forum, with the inscription 'Of unwavering loyalty to the emperor'.

The year 36 saw an incident which deserves mentioning. In Judaea, a Samaritan, claiming to be Moses reincarnate, gathered an armed following. The prefect of Judaea, Pontius Pilate, intervened immediately, dispersed the crowd, and had the ringleaders executed. The Samaritans considered his violence excessive and appealed to the Syrian governor. Vitellius heard their complaints, sent Pilate back to Italy and appointed Marcellus. Pilate's co-ruler in Judaea, the high priest Joseph Caiaphas, was replaced by his brother-in-law Jonathan.
1 commentsNemonater
Taras, Calabria69 views380-325 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (7mm, 0.15g, 7h)
O: Head of nymph Satyra right, within dotted border.
R: Kantharos; three pellets around.
Vlasto 1220
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsEnodia
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #129669 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
380-325 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.22g, 11h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp; Ξ behind neck-flap.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; [club] to left, TA above.
Vlasto 1296 (this coin); HN Italy 912
From the M.P Vlasto Collection. ex Pegasi Numismatics; ex MNS

"Mr. Vlasto's collection of Tarentine coins is certainly the most complete that exists; practically all known varieties are represented; its catalog can therefore be considered a real corpus of the coinage of Tarentum. Numerous are the rare or unique specimens; but what makes this collection an outstanding one is its large number of exceptionally well preserved coins. Mr. Vlasto was never content with his specimens; if he could get a better one, he never missed the opportunity. He used to tell me that in some cases he had changed six specimens of the same coin and that he would even change the sixth if he could find a better one. The results is that many of his coins are really wonderful gems of priceless value. Any colledctor would be proud to have just one of them in his collection."
~ Oscar Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto)
1 commentsEnodia
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous, Alexandria Troas AE69 viewsAutonomous Issue (Possibly Gallienus alone), AE As, 3rd Century AD, Alexandria Troas, Northwest Asia Minor (Turkey), near Troy
Turreted, draped bust of Tyche right, Legionary vexillum with AVG behind
Horse feeding right
Bellinger A486
Countermark on unidentified Greek coin68 viewsusshelby10
L. Procilius L.F., Denarius68 viewsRome mint, 80 BC
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind
Juno Sospita right holding spear and shield. A snake at her feet. L . PROC[ILI/F] behind
3.77 gr
Ref : RCV # 306, RSC, Procilia # 1
3 commentsPotator II
Apollonia Pontica68 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
Johannes68 viewsJohannes AE4
13 mm 1.49 gm
Diad., dr. & cuir. bust right
Victory advancing left holding palm and wreath, T in left field, RM in ex;
2 commentsJohn Campbell
SICILY, KAMARINA, 420 - 410 BC68 viewsAE Onkia, 12mm, 1.3g

O. Gorgoneion en face
R. Owl standing right, holding lizard in it´s claws; KAMA to left; A to right, single dot below

Westermark, Kamarina Taf.32 Type A 177

Ex Gorny & Mosch Sale 200, #1209
4 commentsrobertpe
Hadrian, Sestertius - 006568 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P , laureate and draped bust right
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, Hadrian raising kneeling figure of Hipania
24.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 3633, scarce

Très usée mais pas courante
Potator II
Plautilla, Provincial - Caesaraea drachm68 viewsCappadocia, Caesaraea - Eusebia), AD 205.
ΦΟΥΛΟΥΙ ΠΛΑΥ ΑΥ, draped bust right
ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΑΙCΑ, Agalma of Mt. Argaeus with star. In ex., CΤΙΓ : regnal year 13 of Sept. Severus, 205 AD
2.69 g, 19mm
Ref : Sydenham -; SNG Copenhagen -; Sear 2775v.
Sydenham-Malloy, p. 152, no. 496b
cf. Lanz auction # 117/956
thanks to Curtis Clay for additionnal information
Potator II
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,68 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Commodus Sestertius68 viewsRIC III 307b Rome, C 4
20.87 g, 31 mm
181 AD.
M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right
ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Annona standing, head left, with corn ears over patera & cornucopiae

Mark Z2
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, Rome, AR-Denarius, AVG V R/TRI POT, Sacrificial implements, #368 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, Rome, AR-Denarius, AVG V R/TRI POT, Sacrificial implements, #3
avers:- IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, Laureate head right.
revers:- AVG V R/ TRI-POT, Sacrificial implements: simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 72-73 A.D., ref: RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, RSC-45,
2 commentsquadrans
Titus RIC-124a (1)68 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2). BMC 61. RSC 313a.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, triangular frame with five palmettes
Acquired from The Coin Cabinet, September 2009.

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
ROMAN EMPIRE, BALBINUS, Denarius RIC 768 viewsRome mint, AD 238
IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus right
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, holding rod and cornucopiae, globe at feet
2.7 gr
Ref : RIC # 7, RCV # 8490
3 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, GORDIAN III, antoninianus RIC 15368 viewsRome mint AD 243
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SECVRITAS PERPETUA, Securitas standing left, holding scepter and resting on column
6,95 gr, 25 mm
Ref : RIC #153, RCV #8661, Cohen #336
Ex FORVM ancient coins
3 commentsPotator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0168 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
Licinius I - Jupiter68 viewsFollis 313-315
O/ IMP LICINIUS P F AUG Laureate head right
R/ IOVI CON - SERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding sceptre in left hand and Victoria on globe, an eagle at his feet
ex SIS ; gamma in the field
Mint: Siscia 3rd off.
Mysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,68 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Valerian, Antoninianus68 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM, Fides Militum standing left, holding two standards
3.66 gr
Ref : RCV # 9938(45), Cohen # 65
3 commentsPotator II
Gallienus, Antoninianus68 viewsAntioch mint, AD 265-266
GALLIENVS AVG radiate head left
AETERNITAS AVG she wolf standing right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. Branch at exergue
3,9 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC V-1 # 628, Göbl # 1628a
2 commentsPotator II
Saloninus, Middle bronze - *68 viewsRome mint, AD 258-260
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus standing left holding globe and spear. A captive at his feet. S - C in field Mintmark ? at exergue
7.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 10778 v, Cohen # 90, RIC # 34
Potator II
Aurelian, Aurelianus68 viewsAurelianus minted in Serdica, AD 274-275
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelianus right
RESTITUT OR BIS, Pax with laurel wreath she gives to Aurelian. In field *, at ex. KA.A.
4.15 gr
Ref : RCV #11592, Cohen #192
Potator II
Macedonia, Stobi, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Josifovski ???, Varbanov 3848corr, AE-26, Nike standing left,68 viewsMacedonia, Stobi, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Josifovski ???, Varbanov 3848corr, AE-26, Nike standing left,
avers:-SEVERVS-PIV-AV-GV, Laureate head of Septimius Severus right.
revers:- MVNICIPI-STOBE-N, Nike, standing left, holding palm and wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25-27mm, weight: 10,58g, axis: 6h,
mint: Macedonia, Stobi, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: Josifovski- , Varbanov-3848corr,
Probus, Antoninianus 68 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
Galerius, Follis - *68 viewsHeraclea mint, 5th officina, c. AD 296-298
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust of Galerius right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, , Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, HTE at exergue
10.58 gr
Ref : RCV # 14372 (90), Cohen #78
Potator II
Thrace, Kallatis, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,68 viewsThrace, Kallatis, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,
avers:- M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-N, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- KAΛΛ-ATIA_NΩΝ (ΝΩ ligate), Cybele holding sceptre, riding on back of lion walking right.
exe: -/-//NΩΝ, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 4,39g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Kallatis, date: 238-244 A.D., ref: Varbanov 358 (but smaller), Pick 347,
1 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #168 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #168 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
1 commentsquadrans
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #168 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #1
avers:- MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO REGINA, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) standing half-left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,2-21,2 mm, weight:3,82g, axis:5h,
mint: Local issue ???, date:after 249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III---, p-, C-, Rare !
Constantius Chlorus68 viewsI think it is:
Constantius Chlorus
305-306 AD
Siscia RIC 167
Constantius I AE Denarius or quarter follis.
Rv: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI SIS, Genius standing left with modius on head with clamys over shoulder, holds patera and cornucopuia
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)68 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
GREEK, Akarnania, Leukas, AR Stater, circa 400-330 BC. 21.5mm 8.24g 11h68 viewsPegasos flying right with pointed wing mintmark below. Rev helmeted head of Athena right,beared ithyphallic Herm right on three steps, Kerykeion and mintmark behind. Pegasi 102 of Imhoof-Blumer,Akaraniens 26,BCD Akarnaia-HGC 4,823.
ex CNG 103 lot 146 9-14-16,ex Thomas Cederlind, exGorny and Mosch 233 lot 1400 10-16-16,ex Sotheby and co Zurich 4-4-73 lot 385 sold for 300 francs,The Property of The Metropolitan Museum of Art,ex J.Pierpont Morgan 1905,ex John Ward Greek coins and their parent cities 1902, PL.11 465
1 commentsGrant H
Carradice Type III AR Siglos - Artaxerxes I - Darius III68 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C.
AR Siglos (15.2mm, 5.449 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding spear in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IIIb; S 4682. aVF.

Provenance: Forvm Ancient Coins
Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (? Not in RIC this Officina), 119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HE, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #168 viewsHeraclea, RIC VI 010e (? Not in RIC this Officina), 119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HE, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1
avers:- DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted campgate.
exergo: -/-/HE, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis:0h ,
mint: Heraclea, date: 296 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-10e (?), p-, Jelocnik -; RSC 491b, Not in RIC this Officina Very Rare!
3 commentsquadrans
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Siscia, RIC V-II 575, B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,68 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Siscia, RIC V-II 575, B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right.
revers: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing left receiving Victory on globe from soldier, B in lower centre.
exergo: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 575A, p-286,
3 commentsquadrans
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Rome - RIC IV 6968 viewsAR denarius. 19mm. 3.01gms.
obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind
rev: PONT TR P VI COS. Roma standing left, holding Victory and reversed spear
Struck 203 A.D. at Rome
RIC-IV 69. BMCRE 435. RSC 499.
1 commentsJericho
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 42 - Silver Drachm 68 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.26 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with beaded hair in tuffs, surrounded by thin snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 586, 42 (corrected)
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and curved stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right.
Rev.: Full-face Gordon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
German States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A.68 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A. FRIDERICHUS BORUSSORUM REX, bust right / EIN REICHSTHALER, crowned eagle with wings open, flags right, mint-mark A divides date below.

KM 32
179- Theodosius 1.JPG
179- Theodosius 168 viewsAE4 , Theodosius I, 388-392 AD , Cyzicus mint.
Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left , dragging captive, trophy over shoulder.
SMKA in exergue, RIC 26b
12mm , 1.0gm.
2 commentsjdholds
Russia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA.68 viewsRussia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA. Crowned double eagle / Value and mint-mark within inner circle, date above.

KM y12.5
1967 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY68 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA.F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1967 in exergue.
SPINK: 4157

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the Queen's bust.
This was the last year of issue of the "Britannia" penny (other than a proof version dated 1970) prior to the introduction of decimal coinage in Britain in 1971. It was struck in enormous numbers to satisfy the large, mainly speculative, demand for the coin.
Faustina Junior, Peacock68 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA PIA
Draped bust at right

Peacock standing right

RIC 744
2 commentsRobin Ayers
ANTIQUITIES, Babylonia, Cylinder Seal, 1900 - 1700 B.C.68 viewsCylindre-Sceau, 1ère dynastie de Babylone, 1900-1700 avant J.-C (Stéatite grise)
Cylindre de 18 x 10 mn, gravé en creux de symboles, personnages (Dieux) et animaux (aigle et félin), patine verte.
Roger D2
Julia Domna, Fortuna68 viewsJulia Domna
(prov. FORVM Ancient Coins)

Silver denarius, unpublished in major references, RSC III -, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, SRCV II -, EF, Emesa mint, weight 3.004g, maximum diameter 18.4mm, die axis 0o, obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse FORT AVG, Fortuna seated left on throne without back, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; extremely rare

Wildwinds Example
2 commentsarizonarobin
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 68 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
Roman Republic, C. Antestius, 146 B.C.68 viewsRoman Republic, C. Antestius, 146 B.C.

Silver denarius, SRCV 95/1, Sydenham 411, Crawford 219/1e, RSC I Antestia 1, VF, Rome mint, weight 3.971g, maximum diameter 17.3mm, die axis 90o, 146 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, C ANTESTI behind, X below chin; reverse Dioscuri riding right, puppy with both fore feet raised below, ROMA in a linear frame in ex, linear border
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Maxentius-1.68 viewsAE Follis, Ostia Mint, 306-312 AD.
Obv: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N , Victory advancing left with wrath.
MOSTT in exergue.
25mm , 7.2 gm
RIC 54
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius68 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, Silver Denarius, RIC-IV-I-214-S, struck 210-213 at Rome, 3.21 grams, 18.3 mm. EF

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate, bearded head of Caracalla facing right
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE - Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding sceptre

A lovely specimen that is especially well centered with just a touch of weakness on the center of the reverse. Lots of eye appeal, lightly toned and a much scarcer issue.

1 commentssseverus
Lion, Macedonian Kingdom, Kassander, c. 319 - 297 B.C.68 viewsGB82382. Bronze AE 17, SNG Alpha Bank 881 - 882, VF, Macedonian mint, weight 4.072g, maximum diameter 17.3mm, die axis 270o, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse KAΣΣAN/∆POY, lion reclining right, Λ right; green patinaNORMAN K
Victorinus, irregular radiate (apparently base silver), c.269-7568 views[...], Radiate bust right
[...], Emperor standing right with spear and globe (type of Postumus)
Die axis 12, diameter 15mm, weight 1.92g.
Hadrian, as68 viewsAdrianus
AE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #168 viewsAE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #1
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 28x29x0,2mm, weight: 1,48g, axis: 0h,
mint: ???, date: 4th-5th centuries A.D., ref: ???,
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic68 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus


Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.


S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
4.2 Aelia Capitolina (Roman Jerusalem)68 viewsAntoninus Pius
Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) city coin

young Marcus Aurelius, bare head, Caesar
Macedonian Kings. Alexander III the Great 4dr, 336-323B.C. Price 78.68 viewsAlexander III the Great, 336-323 tetdradrachm.

Obv.: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.

Rev.: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and resting left on scepter, ithyphalic herm with irrigated penis in left field.

Amphipolis mint, lifetime issue. 17,3g - 26mm - Die axis 7 O´Clock.

EF, mint lustre. Considerably nicer surface than the scan indicates.

Price 78.
3 commentsLordBest
ALEXANDER III THE GREAT (336-323)68 viewsAR drachm, (4,14 g. - 17-18 mm)
Abydos mint. Struck circa 310-301 BC.
under Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC.
Vs: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin.
Rs: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of Ammon right; ivy leaf below throne.
Price 1551. _17988 sold
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
498-518 Anastasius - follis from Constantinople68 viewsGinolerhino
Aeolis, Myrina, Tetradrachm, Mid 2nd Century B.C.68 viewsObv:– Laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind.
Rev:– MYRINAION left, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; monogram left, all within laurel wreath
Minted in Myrina. Mid 2nd Century B.C.
Reference:– Sacks, ANSMN 30, Issue 25
4 commentsmaridvnvm
A103-12 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)68 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.4 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-Augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP [C M A]VR CARINVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AV[GG]" – Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda, portando balanza en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en la izquierda . "KAZ" en exergo.

Acuñada Mar.283 - Nov.284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.7ma.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #238 Pag.169 - Cohen Vol.VI #8 Pag.384 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3462 - DVM # Pag.
Antoninus Pius denarius68 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius Elephant68 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE As, 6.4g, 138 - 161 AD (Struck 148 - 149 AD) RIC III 862a
BMCRE 1840, Cohen 565
OBV: PP TR P XII, Laureate head of Pius right
REV: MVNIFICENTIA AVG COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue, Elephant walking right.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Antoninus Pius Securitas68 viewsAE Sestertius of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), struck AD 140-144, very thick heavy coin at 4mm thick.
REV: COS IIII SC, Securitas seated left holding sceptre and propping head on left hand
RIC 764, Cohen 298, 31.11mm, 25.1g
Antony & Octavia tetradrachm68 viewsM ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Conjoined heads of Antony and Octavia right, Antony wearing an ivy wreath

Dionysus standing left, holding cantharus and thyrsus on cista mystica flanked by two interlaced snakes

Ephesus, summer-autumn 39 BC


Imperators 263, RPC 2202, Babelon Antonia 61, Syndenham 1198, BMCRR east 135

Punch mark on the obverse protrudes onto the reverse


This series of Cistophori from Asia commemorates the marriage of Antony and Octavia and celebrate's Antony's divine status in the east as the "New Dionysus" which was bestowed on him when he arrived in Ephesus in 41 BC. Antony's titulature of "Imperator and Consul designate for the second and third times" fixes the period of issue to the latter part of 39 BC after the Pact of Misenum in July and before Antony's second Imperatorial acclamation in the winter of 39-38BC
6 commentsJay GT4
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)68 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ø 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, first issue of Antoninus struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETA / S C (in two lines across field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093; Cohen 610; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1951; Strack (Hadrian) 908; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 280 (1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203
ex Ancient Resource (Glendale, CA, 2008).

Numismatic note: Very rare: Strack lists only two collections for this type: B.M. and Paris; Banti only one: B.M.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 586, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Parthia)68 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.27g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: PARTHIA (round edge) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Parthia, towered headdress, standing left, holding crown and bow and quiver with arrows resting on ground.
RIC 586 (R); Cohen 572; BMCRE IV 1191; Strack 792 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 253 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4198
ex Aegean Numismatics

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor. Remark from Sear: "The remarkable inclusion of a rival state in this series commemorating provincial tax relief would seem to suggest that the Parthians were subject to some form of financial obligation to the Roman government consequent of Trajan's capture of Ctesiphon in AD 115 and the loss of the celebrated golden throne of the Arsacids"
Charles S
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti68 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
Q. Thermus M.f., AR Denarius, 103 BC, Rome 68 viewsHelmeted head of Mars left
(No legend)
Two warriors fighting with swords and shields, warrior on left protects fallen comrade, warrior on right wears horned helmet
Q . THERM (ligate) . M F (ligate) in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.99g
Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592; 103 BCE

Seaby notes: This records the brave deeds of the moneyer's ancestor and namesake, who was consul in 193 BC. He was engaged in a severe contest with the Ligurians and is said to have distinguished himself by his bravery.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
As Medallion Liberalitas III68 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

ROMAN EMPIRE - AUGUSTUS - GAIUS & LUCIUS68 viewsSilver denarius, RSC 43a, S 1597 var, RIC 211, BMC 537, aVF, Lugdunum, 3.645g, 18.9mm, 315o, 2 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Gaius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, X in center, above center on l. a simpulum r. and on r. a lituus l.; scratches, reverse scraped.1 commentsdpaul7
AVG TICAE & S, AE22, Barbaric AE As68 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. – 14 A.D.

Coin: AE22 "Barbaric" As, Countermarked

Obverse: Bare headed bust facing right. Countermarks of AVG, TICAE (Tiberius Caesar) and subsequently an S (which may signify the coins downgrading to a Semis).
Reverse: A laurel Wreath.

Weight: 7.69 g, Diameter: 22 x 23 x 1.8 mm, Die axis: 0°, Mint: The Balkans, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Reference: Similar to the
AE22's issued by Thessalonica for Augustus (RPC I 1557)
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA68 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
Hybrid Faustina Junior / Marcus Aurelius Denarius68 viewsObv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XVIII IMP II COS III / ARMEN - Armenia seated left, mourning, left hand resting on bow and quiver; before her, vexillum and shield.
Cat #: RIC.81 (reverse)
Weight: 4.25g
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi68 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (11 mm, 1.17 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, apparently no legend. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

This coin is unusually heavy with a weight intermediate between 2.5 and 5 nummi coins.

Ex Gitbud & Naumann 2013
3 commentsJan (jbc)
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi68 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0668 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #06
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15-16mm, weight:2,88g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Bayezid I68 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - Bayezid I (1389-1402) AR Akche. Dated AH 792, no mint (as usual). dpaul7
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.68 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.


The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
Bhutan68 viewsKm7.1 - Deb (1/2 Rupee) - N/D, Ma-tam period (III) (1835-1910)
Km27 - 1 Pice - N/D (struck 1951, 1955)
Daniel Friedman
BOUILLON & SEDAN68 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Siscia RIC VII, 95 R168 viewsArgenteus 3.1 gm 18.3 mm Struck: 319-320 Mark: ΔSIS*
High crested helmet and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over left shoulder, shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT PR, on altar.
Comment: Issue abandoned in favor of Ae3 of similar design in 320.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Constantinople, RIC VII:32, R368 viewsAe3 2.9 gm 19 mm Struck: 328 Mark: Є/CONS
Rosette diademed head, right. Gazing to heaven.
Victory seated on cippus facing left, but looking right; palm in each hand. Trophy in front and kneeling captive at feet turning head to look, but spurned by Victory.
KUSHITE KINGDOM, Soter Megas68 viewsAe20, 8.6 gm, 20.6 mm, ca 55-105 AD.
Obv: Headdressed (diademed?) and draped bust, right, hand raised holding object. Greek(?) lettering in inscription.
Rev: Figure (the king?) with long flowing ribbons extending from his headgear on horse, right, raising right arm. Kharoshthi lettering in inscription. Tamgha symbol in right field.
Comment: The only example I have been able to find of this coin is in Wayne Sayles' ACC, Volume I, page 139. Any better attribution would be appreciated.
Greek, Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrios II68 viewsTetradrachm (Shekel), 13.8 gm, 26.3 mm, 129-125 BC, Sear (GC) 7105.
Obv: Anepigraphic with diademed bust, right.
Rev: Eagle standing left on galley, palm branch in background. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ to left. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right. A over ΡE in left field and TYP on club. AE in right field and Δ Π Ρ (e.g. 128 BC). M between legs of eagle.
1 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus. The 'second' reign, AE Follis68 viewsFollis 8.5 gm 27 mm
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in 307 at Londinium. mm: PLN RIC VI, 90.
Comment: Minted by Constantine in evidence of his initial alliance with the usurper Maxentius and his father-in-law Maximianus.
1 commentsMassanutten
Roman Bridge68 viewsThis is a Roman bridge in the south of Italy (Calabria) at the bottom of my grandmothers town today called Scigliano but in ancient times was known as Sturni. "Annibale’s Bridge” (Hannibal) is also known as ”The Bridge of Saint Angelo" The road and surrounding area is completely grown over but it was once a part of the Via Popilia which once joined Reggio Calabria to Capua. The bridge crosses the Savuto river. There are no tourists here, it is only known by the locals and is claimed to be the oldest free standing Roman bridge! It dates to 130 BC.Titus Pullo
Buckle #003 AR Buckle,68 viewsBuckle #003 AR Buckle,
type: AR Buckle,
size: 16x26mm,
weight: 2,91g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Burnt Hoard Coin 9 obverse68 viewsPhillip I. IMPC( )IVLPHILIPPVSAVG.otlichnik
Constantine I68 viewsConstantine I AE3. CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing facing one another, with spears and shields & standards between, SMANA in ex. Antioch
TI.C.A Countermark, Caligula, AE As, RIC I 3868 viewsGaius Germanicus "Caligula"
Augustus, 37 - 41 A.D.

Coin: AE As

Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare headed bust facing left.
Reverse: VESTA, Vesta, seated to the left, S - C across the fields.

Weight: 8.89 g, Diameter: 28.5 x 27 x 2 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mint: Rome, struck between 37-38 A.D. Reference: RIC I 38

Countermark: "TI.C.A" on the obverse side, done in the reign of his successor, Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Augustus).
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA, AR Denarius, AD 196-217, Rome mint,68 viewsCARACALLA, AR Denarius, AD 196-217, Rome mint,


Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, draped.Young Caracalla with mustaces and beard.
Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII - Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus and cornucopia.

Reference: RIC IV 135 Rome mint, Cohen 122.
Rated Scarce
1 commentsGeorge
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0268 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,14g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #168 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis/Pluto seated left wearing polos, holding scepter, and reaching toward three-headed dog Cerberus seated to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,33g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-261c, RSC-299a, BMC-124
Caracalla, AE 23 Diassaria68 viewsM AVR ANTONINV A C
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades abducting Persephone, holding scepter, in galloping quadriga, right
Josifovski 288 - 290, same dies (V12, R13)
AMNG Gaebler 12
Kuzmanovic Collection 1036
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria68 viewsM AVREL ANTONINV
Bust laureate, right (light beard)
Nike standing, face left, holding a palm branch before and cornucopia behind. This may represent a syncretic Nike/Tyche.
Josifovski Addition 5,
AMNG Gaebler 15, T. XXII/3
Varbanov (E), III 3955
Kuzmanovic Collection 1026-1028
3 commentswhitetd49
Egypt, Alexandria, 113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3160, D-5567-68, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,68 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,
avers:-, A-K-M-A-KAROC-CEB, Laureated, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, beetween two standard, head right, his beak wreath, L A above (year 1).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight:8,55 g, axes:11 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: L A year-1, 282-283 A.D., ref: Geissen-3160, Dattari-5567-68, Kapmann-Ganschow-113.2-p-340,
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 68 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 1,99g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Chedworth Baths Warm room.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 11, Bath complex, Warm room68 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Thrace, Chersonesos, hemidrachm, imitation68 views13mm, 2.25g
obv: forepart of lion right, looking back over shoulder
rev: quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters, two pellets in opposite sunken quarters
1 commentsareich
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.68 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
68 views1 commentsDaniel F
coins 1 071~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius 168 viewsLicinius I AE Follis. 312-313 AD.
OBV: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
REV: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe; eagle with wreath below left,
EX:•TS•A• Thessalonica mint.
Thrace, Mesembria68 viewsMesembria in Thrace
AR diobol ;1.26 g.

Obv.: Crested helmet faced

Rev.: META in the four quarters of a radiate wheel

Ref.: David Sear, Greek coins and their values, Vol. 1, p. 166, 1673
Fausta, Heraclea68 viewsFLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms.

Heraclea Mint

RIC 80
Ae 18-19mm; 2.63g

I like the long flat portrait, though I would say it is not the most flattering portrait of Fausta.
1 commentsarizonarobin
Fausta, Trier68 viewsFLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms.

PTR(cresent with dot)
Trier Mint

RIC VII 484 ; 326 AD
Ae 18mm; 2.39g
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE68 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//ΔSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!68 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//ΔSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
Constantine Diadem VOT dot XXX SMHB Heraclea68 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG D
dot SMHB Heraclea RIC VII
Heraclea 90 c1
James b4
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)68 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
2 commentslaney
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: No legend, Victory standing left, on the prow of a galley, holding a spear and a shield; SMTSЄ in exergue.

Billon Centenionalis, Thessalonica mint, 5th Officina, 336 - 337 AD

2.9 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC VII Thessalonica 188, S16470, VM 1
SPQR Coins
Siscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!68 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1 !
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)68 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.63g, 24mm
Thessalonica 1. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
field: left B, right star
exergue: dot TSA dot
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)
Scarce; about VF(?)

This issue (the Fallen Horseman type) celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara 344 AD against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
FELICIUM TEMPORUM REPARATIO = Happy days are here again!
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius68 viewsSilver denarius, 19-20mm, January - April 85 A.D., RIC 57, Carradice 85.1, BMC 75, RSC 368, Ex. Flan
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Eagle standing on thunderbolt
CRISPUS Claritas reipublicae68 viewsFL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
Treveri mint
RIC. VII, 175 r4
ROMAN EMPIRE, Crispus VOT V68 viewsCrispus AE3
Obverse: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate head right
Mintmark: T crescent A (Arles Mint)
Weight 3.11 Grams
Size: 19MM
1 commentsego sum malum
Girolamo Priuli Cyprus68 viewsObv: +S. MARCVS. VENETVS

Girolamo Priuli was Doge 1559-1567. This is a billon kartza, carzia or denarius struck in Venice for use in Cyprus

Thanks to Manzikert for attribution

1 commentsBacchus
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 68 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Trajan Provincial68 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Struck A.D.180 under Commodus. DIVUS MARCUS AURELIUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome.68 viewsObverse: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing left, head turned right, standing on bar.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 266
Featured on Wildwinds.

Marcus Aurelius died at his camp in Vindobona (Vienna) on March 17th, A.D.180 after a week's illness. He was succeeded by his 18 year old son, Commodus.
2 comments*Alex
Domitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Sestertius Mule68 viewsDomitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Æ Sestertius Mule, 25.38 g. Rome mint, struck 80/81

R: IVD CAP across fields; SC in field below; mourning Jewess to left of palm on pile of arms; Jew on right with hands bound, arms on ground. - Titus RIC 153 (Perhaps a die match); Hendin 1593b; Upcoming addenda Titus 287A.

The only known sestertius mule under Titus.

From the patina it was likely found in eastern Europe, perhaps Bulgaria, a rich find spot for a lot of the judaea sestertii.

What evidence points to RIC II 288 / 306?

As noted by Curtis Clay, "Obverse legends beginning CAESAR are rare, and so far only known with portrait laur. left, according to RIC 275-7. Legends beginning CAES are very much more common.

With the N of DOMITIAN placed before Domitian's mouth, too much space seems to remain for just COS VII. We almost need that added VS to fill out the space.

Flavian mules in gold or silver occur with some regularity, though they are all rare individually.

It's not surprising, however, that very few sestertius mules occurred.

1. Vespasian struck c. 90% of the sestertii of his reign in the single year 71. Mules were impossible, because he hadn't yet begun striking sestertii for Titus and Domitian!

2. Later, when sestertii were being struck for Titus and Domitian too, the rev. types were not usually personalized, for example by carrying on the imperial titulature of each emperor, but were general and could be shared among the emperors, for example S C Spes advancing, or PAX AVGVSTI S C. Virtually all of the rev. types were appropriate for all three emperors, so there could be no mules!

Under Titus the possibilities for mules increased, since more types were introduced that were apparently meant for just one of the two imperial brothers, for example:

Titus: the Judaea Capta types, ANNONA AVG without S C, FELICIT PVBLIC, PIETAS AVGVST (Titus and Dom. shaking hands), PROVIDENT AVGVST (Vesp. hands globe to Titus), S C (Roma hands Palladium to Titus on horseback)

Domitian: S C (Minerva fighting right)."
3 commentsNemonater
68 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
Dupondio TRAJANO RIC 505.jpg
24-22 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)68 viewsAE Dupondio 29 x 27 mm 12.5 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES NERVAE] TRAIANO AVG GE[R DAC P M T]R P COS V [P P]" - Busto radiado con Aegis viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S P Q R O[PTIMO] PRINCIPI - S C" - Pax (La Paz) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda. Su pié derecho sobre un cautivo de Dacia.

Acuñada 103 - 111 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #402 Pag.273 - Cohen Vol.II #410 Pag.60 - BMCRE # 891 - DVM #63/4 Pag.123
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. c. 188-180 B.C.68 viewsSilver hemidrachm, BMC Peloponnesus p. 4, 46; S 3003 var, VF, Elis mint, 2.312g, 12.8mm, 315o, c. 196 - 146 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse large AX monogram in laurel wreath, F - A at sides, CW/CIAC below; Agrinion 334a; BCD 665.1; Benner-Elis-5. ex Coin Galleries auction, 23 November 1963, #423; ex Forum.CGPCGP
Aggregate68 viewsScotvs Capitis
FA027139-0100108-I449. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.0g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 884; C2.
FA027139-0100109-I350. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.7g; 180 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 885; R.
Fausta- Salvs Reipvblicae- AE3. 326 AD.68 viewsAttribution-Fausta RIC VII Antioch 76 r5(although its now at least r4)

Obv. FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, mantled bust right
Rev. SALVS REI-PVBLICAE Salus standing facing, with two children in her arms
Faustina II denarius68 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
Faustina 68 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #268 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #2
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG_VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
1 commentsquadrans
POST MEDIEVAL, Hungary, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary, 1637 - 1657.68 viewsIn 1529, Suleiman the Magnificent beseiged Vienna and Ferdinand I's forces managed to defeat him. But Ferdinand himself was absent at the seige having instead retreated to the safety of his lands in Bohemia. 1 commentsgoldcoin
Early Crossbow fibula68 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #168 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
France silver.jpg
France - Francs68 viewsKm931.1 - 1/2 Franc - 1968
Km885a.1 - 1 Franc (aluminum) - 1945
Km925.1 - 1 Franc - 1966
Km904.1 - 2 Franc (axe, aluminum) - 1943
Km942.1 - 2 Francs - 1981
Daniel F
Austria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ca 13,68 viewsAustria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ca 13,
diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 0,97g, axis:7h,
mint: , , mint mark: ,
date: A.D., ref: CNA I, Ca 13; Luschin-Ebengreuth 13.,
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
M. Furius Philus - denarius68 viewsM. Furius L(ucii) f(ilius) Philus. 119 BC. AR Denarius, 3.49 g; obv. laureate head of Janus, M•FOVRI•L•F around; rev. Roma standing left erecting trophy, gallic arms around, ROMA to right, PHIL in ex. Crawford 281/1, Syd. 5292 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Galba denarius68 viewsGalba, denarius
RIC 167, RSC 287.
Rome mint, August-October 68 AD.
3.0 gr.
Obv. IMP SER GALBA AVG, his bare head right.
Rev. SPQR OB CS in three lines within oak wreath.

Another addition to my 12 Caesars. An attractive coin with a very strong portrait and the name fully readable. Good silver condition.
2 commentsMarsman
Galba68 viewsIMP SER GALBA AVG
Laureate head right

Livia standing left holding patera and sceptre

Rome, November 68 AD-January 69AD

RIC 150, BMC 5, RSC 52a


Rare with this short obverse legend

5 commentsJay GT4
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET, 68 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET,
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDEI PRAET, Legionary eagle (standard) between two standards.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia (Rome ???), date: 253-268 A.D.??, ref: RIC-V-I-568, p-181, Göbl 518,
ENGLAND - GEORGE II68 views1754 Farthing (1/4 Penny). Bust of George II obverse/Reverse: Britannia. Copper. KM-581.2.dpaul7
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2015) corr. #1 (plate coin)68 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 26, 11.38g, 26.03mm, 135°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped only, seen from front, bare-headed, r.
Apollo, naked, laureate, stg. r., with crossed legs, r. hand with arrow raised
behind, l. hand rested on tree before him; at the tree a lizard creeping upwards
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1654 (1 ex., Löbbecke)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3268 var. (cites AMNG 1654 but has OLIT PROC IC!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. corr. (plate coin, writes "draped and cuirassed")
scarce, about VF, nice green patina
added to

The depiction of Apollon Sauroktonos, a famous statue of Praxiteles, is known from a description by Pliny the Elder. The original is lost but we have 2 copies in the Vatican Museum and the Louvre. on these copies the r. hand is not raised. The statue in the Cleveland Museum of arts, acquired in 2004, is discussed.
[1106a] Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.68 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC 84, RSC 109, VF, Rome, 4.101g, 24.0mm, 0o, 241 - 243 A.D. Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing facing, head right, thunderbolt in left and scepter in right. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Gordian III (238-244 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Relatively few details are known about the five-and-a-half year reign of the teenage emperor Gordian III. Continuity with the Severan era seems to have marked both the policy and personnel of his government. Security along the frontiers remained the most pressing concern, and the young emperor would die while on campaign against the expanding Sassanian empire and its energetic leader, Shapur I.

The future emperor was born in Rome on 20 January 225. His mother was a daughter of the senator Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus (known later to historians as Gordian I). His father was undoubtedly a senator, but the name of his father is today unknown. The father was already dead before the start of the African uprising, involving the boy's grandfather, against the emperor Maximinus Thrax in early 238. At the time of the revolt, Maximinus was in Pannonia leading military campaigns to protect the Danube region. Maximinus' representative in Rome was a loyal Praetorian Prefect, Vitalianus. Gordian I's 13-year-old grandson faced no hardships as a result of the revolt, because Vitalianus was assassinated by agents sent by Gordian I before the African uprising was revealed in Rome.

Senators in Rome quickly acknowledged Gordian I as emperor, but the revolt in Africa was soon suppressed. After the deaths of the boy's grandfather (Gordian I) and uncle (Gordian II) were announced in Rome, probably near the end of April 238, a select group of 20 senators decided upon two of their own, Pupienus and Balbinus, as new emperors who would continue to lead the uprising against Maximinus. Not all senators were pleased with the selections, and they immediately stirred up their clients and dependents to prevent a public proclamation of the new emperors. Pupienus, moreover, had been an unpopular urban prefect, and many ordinary Romans were quite willing to take part in rioting against his accession. The grandson of Gordian I made a perfect focal point to represent the concerns of the critics of Pupienus and Balbinus. The 13-year-old was brought from his home, named Marcus Antonius Gordianus after his grandfather, and proclaimed Caesar and imperial heir by the senate.

After the death of Maximinus at the siege of Aquileia, perhaps in early June 238, conflicts between the two emperors Pupienus and Balbinus, and among the emperors, soldiers and ordinary Romans, came to the fore. Sometime during the summer, soldiers of the Praetorian Guard became unruly during a festival, stormed into the imperial complex on the Palatine, and captured, tortured and killed the emperors. The young Caesar was then proclaimed emperor by both the soldiers and the senate.

Little reliable information is available about the first few years of Gordian III's reign. Pupienus and Balbinus suffered damnatio memoriae, though it is difficult to ascertain how many other members of the senatorial elite (if any) were either dismissed from their posts or executed by the new regime. The families prominent during the Severan dynasty, and even some families prominent under the Antonines, continued to control offices and commands with a teenage emperor on the throne. In 240, an uprising again originated in the province of Africa, with the proconsul Sabinianus proclaimed emperor. Like the uprising of Gordian I in Africa two years earlier, this uprising was quickly suppressed, but unlike the events of 238, the revolt of Sabinianus failed to gain support in other parts of the empire.

In late 240 or early 241, Gordian III appointed Timesitheus as pretorian prefect. Timesitheus, who was of Eastern origin, had a long career in the imperial service as a procurator in provinces ranging from Arabia to Gaul and from Asia to Germany. Timesitheus' proven abilities quickly made him the central figure in Gordian III's government, and the praetorian prefect's authority was enhanced by the marriage of his daughter, Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, to the young emperor in the summer of 241.

Maintaining security along the frontiers remained the emperor's most serious challenge. Difficulties along the Danube continued, but the greater danger was in the East. The aggressive expansion of the renewed Persian empire under the Sassanian emperor Ardashir I continued under his son and successor, Shapur I. The focus of that expansion was in upper Mesopotamia (in what today is southeastern Turkey, northern Syria and northern Iraq), much of which had been under direct Roman control for more than a generation. Ardashir may already have captured Nisibis and Carrhae during the final months of Maximinus' reign. In 240, the ailing Ardashir seems to have made his son Shapur co-regent. During this year Hatra, the location of Rome's easternmost military garrison, (today in northern Iraq roughly 55 miles south of Mosul), was captured by the Sassanians.

Planning for a massive Roman military counterattack was soon underway. Soldiers travelled from the West during the following year, when Carrhae and Nisibis were retaken, and the Romans won a decisive victory at Resaina. Gordian III joined his army in upper Mesopotamia for campaigning in 243, but during the year the emperor's father-in-law, Timesitheus, died of an illness. The surviving Praetorian Prefect, C. Julius Priscus, convinced the emperor to appoint his brother M. Julius Philippus -- who would succeed Gordian III as the emperor Philip the Arab -- as Timesitheus' successor. The campaign against the Sassanians continued as the Roman army proceeded to march down the Euphrates during the fall and early winter.

Early in 244, the Roman and Sassanian armies met near the city of Misiche (modern Fallujah in Iraq, 40 miles west of Baghdad). Shapur's forces were triumphant, and the city was renamed Peroz-Shapur, "Victorious [is] Shapur." Shapur commemorated his victory with a sculpture and trilingual inscription (at Naqsh-i-Rustam in modern-day Iran) that claimed that Gordian III was killed in the battle.

Roman sources do not mention this battle, indicating instead that Gordian III died near Circesium, along the Euphrates some 250 miles upstream from Peroz-Shapur, and that a cenotaph was built at a location named Zaitha. Philip is universally blamed in these sources for causing Gordian III's death, either directly or by fomenting discontent with the emperor by cutting off the troops' supplies. Philip, who was proclaimed Gordian III's successor by the army, seems to have reported that the 19-year-old emperor died of an illness.

However Gordian III died, it seems unlikely to have been as a direct result of the battle at Misiche/Peroz-Shapur. The emperor's Persian campaigns were promoted within the Roman Empire as a success. Other than the loss of Hatra, the Sassanians gained control over no additional territory as a result of the war, and Shapur did not disturb Roman interests in upper Mesopotamia for nearly eight years. Gordian III was deified after his death, and the positive portrayal his reign received was reinforced by the negative portrayals of his successor, Philip.

Gordian III was a child emperor, but his reign was not perceived as having been burdened by the troubles faced by other young emperors (such as Nero, Commodus and Elagabalus). Competent administrators held important posts, and cultural traditions appear to have been upheld. Gordian III's unlikely accession and seemingly stable reign reveal that child emperors, like modern-day constitutional monarchs, had their advantage: a distance from political decision-making and factionalism that enabled the emperor to be a symbol of unity for the various constituency groups (aristocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, urban residents) in Roman society. The paucity of information about Gordian III's reign makes it difficult to know whether the young emperor truly lived up to such an ideal, but the positive historical tradition about him gives one the suspicion that perhaps he did.

Copyright (C) 2001, Michael L. Meckler
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
IOVI CONSERVATORI68 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentstibsi67
Thrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square, 68 viewsThrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square,
avers:- Bridled horse prancing right; monogram (NK) below.
revers:- Grape arbor in square; ethnic around, "ΜΑΡ/ΩΝΙ/ΤΩΝ"
exerg: YE , diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Maroneia, Thrace, date: c.400-350 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-632,
68 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter:16 mm, weight: 5,64g, axes: 0h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Thrace, Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonese, Black Sea Area, (4th. Century B.C.), Anokhin-112, AE-16, Π Α Ν , Pegasos right, #268 viewsThrace, Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonese, Black Sea Area, (4th. Century B.C.), Anokhin-112, AE-16, Π Α Ν , Pegasos right, #2
avers: Bearded head of young Pan right.
revers: Π Α Ν Around forepart of Pegasos with curled wing right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,45g, axes: 0h,
mint: Thrace, Pantikapaion, date: 4th. Century B.C., ref: Anokhin-112, Sear 1702,
1 commentsquadrans
Macedonian Kingdom68 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mørkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
hadrian68 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian RIC II, 8168 viewsHadrian AD 117-138
AR- Denar, 3.33g, 17mm
Rome AD 119-122
heroic bust, laureate, drapery on l. shoulder, r.
Aeternitas, draped, standing facing, head l., holding head of Sol in raised r.
and head of Luna in raised l. hand
RIC II, 81; C.1114; BMCR 162
abourt EF

AETERNITAS, personification of eternity, holds Sol and Luna as symbols of eternity too.
4 commentsJochen
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,68 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:- ROMA-FELIX, Roma seated left on curule chair, holding branch and scepter. .
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 264, p-370, RSC 1304, BMCRE ,
3 commentsquadrans
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0172, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Concordia seated left on throne,68 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0172, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Concordia seated left on throne,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right.
revers:-COS-III, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & resting left arm on statuette of Spes on column at side of throne.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,12g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC II 172, C-328a,
Hadrian Denarius Hispania68 viewsObv.
Bare head right

Hispania reclining left holding branch, rabbit in front
1 commentsancientdave
M. Herennius, Crawford 308/168 viewsM. Herennius, gens Herennia
AR - Denar, 3.91g
Rome 108-107 BC
obv. Head of Pietas, diaden´med and with necklace, r.
PIETAS behind (AT ligate)
rev. One of the Catanian brothers (Anapias or Amphinous), nude, running l.,
carrying his father on his shoulder; he, wearing himation, turns head l. and
has raised r. hand.
behind M.HERENNI (HE ligate)
Crawford 308/1; Sydenham 567; RSC Herennia 1
about EF

The brothers Anapias and Amphinomus rescued their parents at an eription of the volcanus Etna c. 500-400 BC. They became outstanding examles of the Roman pietas. The rev. depiction is similar to that of Aenaeas carrying his father Anchises out of the burning Troy.
2 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Honorius, AE4, A.D.395-423 Constantinople (CONSA)68 viewsObv: D N HONORIVS P F AVG
Rev: Victory Dragging Captive, SALVS REIPVBLICAE
RIC IX 90(c)
Honorius (RIC X 1357)68 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Æ (11 mm, 1.15 g), Rome. Obverse: DN HONORI-(VS PF AVG). Reverse: (VICTOR)-IA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm branch, RM in exergue, T in left field. RIC X 1357, C.jbc
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire68 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire68 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Huszár 199, Unger 116, Réthy I 27968 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 14 mm.

Obv: T-shape with patriarchal cross above, pellets within and above, rosettes below.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 6
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0268 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-064, #0168 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-064, #01
avers:- Line with cross in the middle, crescent with two lines and two circles above and below, border of dots.
revers:- Cross with dots in the angles, border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-064, CHN-1-136, Huszar-149,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
Greek, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Lockett parts 1-5,GREEK, Satraps of Caria Maussolos AR Tetradrachm circa 377-353 BC 24 mm 15.25g 12h68 viewsRichard Cyril Lockett plate 9,2382,Prof.S.Pozzi,Plate LXXVII,2624.3 commentsGrant H
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/568 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Perseus, Macedon, 178-168 B68 viewsBronze of 19 mm
Bust of Perseus to right wearing winged helm with bird's head at crest
Eagle on thunderbolt B - A above, Pi - E below.
1 commentsDino
Diadumenian, Caesarea Maritima. 217-218 CE. AR 68 views Caesarea Maritima. Diadumenian. 217-218 CE. AR Tetradrachm 15.21g.
OBV:Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
REV:Eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak, on torch with entwined serpent; bucranium between legs. Prieur 1680
1 commentsamibosam
68 viewsstruck under Tipu Sultan (1782 - 1799 n. Chr.)
uncertain mint in Mysore, India
10.95 g, 23 mm
Obv: Elephant walking left
Rev.: Tusk, symbol of ruler
68 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
r/ XL retrograde
Iovi Conservatori Cldcf68 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, front view, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: IOVICONSERVATORI, SC left and right, low in field
Jupiter naked except for cloak hanging behind him over both arms, standing front, head left, holding thurderbolt in right hand and vertical spear (sceptre?) in left
BMC 61*, RIC 559 (but without Severus Alexander, typo?)
weight, 13.06g; die axis, 6h
A scarce specimen with reverse slightly double struck. A rather thinnish flan
2 commentsmix_val
Bust laureate right, front view, draped (and cuirassed?)
Reverse: IOVIV_L_TORI, SC exergue
Jupiter naked to waist, seated left on throne, holding victory on extended right hand and sceptre in left
BMC 240, RIC 560
Weight, 21.69g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Umayyad - Islamic68 viewsAR Dirham. Umayyad . 91 AH. (710 AD)
Al Walid Bin Abd Al Malik(86-96 AH)
D.: 25 mm
Obv.: In the field, 3 line inscription : "There is no God but/ God alone/ He has no associate" ;
Marginal inscription: "In the name of God this Dirham was stuck in Wasit in the year one and ninety."

Rev.: In the field, 4 line inscription: "God is one,/ God is Eternal: He begets not/ nor is begotten/and none is equal with Him in rank" (Quran: 112: 1-3)
Marginal inscription: "Muhammad is the Apostle of God whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truh that he might make it supreme over all other religions" (Quran 9:33)

2 commentsTanit
GREEK, MOESIA, ISTROS AR DRACHM68 viewsMoesia, Istros AR Drachm.
4th Century BC.
Facing male heads, the left inverted / ISTPIH, sea-eagle left grasping dolphin with talons, AG monogram below dolphin.
BMC 246; SNG Munich 236; SNG Copenhagen 192; Pick AMNG 417.
20mm, 5.02g.

Ex Roma Numismatics LTD

The reverse shows a dolphin in the talons of Zeus’s eagle. This reverse type
is particularly significant, as the dolphin, long a symbol of the cult of Apollo
Delphinios ( Apollo was associated with dominion over colonists, and as
the patron defender of herds and flocks ), whose leaders were members
of the oligarchy, was now depicted under the influence of Zeus, whose
cult was ascendant under the democratic government, when he was
known as Zeus Eleutherios (Freedom).
So what we are seeing is the ousting of the ruling elite and the
beginnings of democracy in Istros.

1 commentsCurtis H
[103ist] Istros, Thrace, 400 - 350 B.C.68 viewsSilver stater, SNG Cop 196, S 1669, EF, Istros mint, 5.984g, 17.3mm, 0o, 400 - 350 B.C. Obverse: Facing male heads, right inverted; Reverse: ISTRIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, D between, XPA monogram below. Ex FORVM.

Istros is probably the oldest Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.

The obverse type has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values, by David Sear.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Thrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,68 viewsThrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
1 commentsquadrans
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #168 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #1
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-355, p-99, C-72,
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #168 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #1
avers: IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-21mm, weight: 2,82g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-360, p-99, RSC-81, BMC-381
154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 119, AE-3, VOT/V/MVLT/X, in wreath, -/-//BSIRM, Scarce ! #168 views154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 119, AE-3, VOT/V/MVLT/X, in wreath, -/-//BSIRM, Scarce ! #1
avers:- D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, Rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, Jv1-D4.
revers:- No legend, wreath VOT/V/MVLT/X within ,
exergo: -/-//BSIRM, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,40, axis: 1h,
mint: Sirmium,, date: 363-64 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 119, p-394, Scarce !
Julia Domna68 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Draped bust right

Fortuna seated left holding cornucopiae, left arm on rudder

Rome 210 AD

Sear 6583

Beautiful dark patina on this denarius which is almost black on the reverse

ex-Indalo Colecciones

SOLD! Forum Auction January 2017
1 commentsJay GT4
bare-headed, draped and cuirassed
bust right
soldier spearing fallen horseman,
reaching backwards
Delta SIS Zigzag in ex
19mm 2.6gm
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II AE1, counterfeit? bull68 viewsAE1, 23.3x24.8mm
Bust of Julian right, bearded.
Bull standing on line right, two stars above, small eagle holding wreath under bull's head
ex: mostly off flan, appears to be a C__
Eagle identifies this as Arelatum (Constantina) mint
This may be an ancient counterfeit. Workmanship on the official bulls is usually good. This example has uneven striking, irregular planchet, and crude modelling, especially of the bull.
1 commentsgparch
Roman Empire, Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #168 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #1
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 415, p-380,
1 commentsquadrans
Julia Domna - RIC 57768 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #0168 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; Lily-Patriarchal Cross, border of dots.
revers:+KAROLVS:REX:hVnGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies; line border.
exe, mint mark: lily/Patriarchal Cross//-- were srucked by Nicolaus Szatmari (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 1,08g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Esztergom, date: 1334 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-378a, CNH-2-008, Huszar-479, Pohl-36-02,
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Chios 290-275 BC68 viewsAR drachm, 17.7mm, 4.15g, VF
Head Herakles right, clad in lion's skin knotted at neck / [AΛEΞANΔPOY] behind Zeus seated left on throne with back, holding eagle and sceptre. M within O above bunch of grapes with tendril in left field. Scarce.
Ex: Harlan Berk
Price 2324, Müller 1529
Certificate of Authenticity from David R. Sear, ACCS
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Late Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!68 viewsLate Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!
revers:- GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//SMN?, diameter: 19,0 mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: h,
mint: Nicomedia , date: , ref: ,
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VII 68 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (faithful and loyal Claudian legion) dates back to the four legions used by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars and played a crucial role in The Battle of Pharsalus in 58 BC, and it existed at least until the end of the 4th century, guarding middle Danube. The emblem of this legion, as well as of all Caesar's legions, was the bull, together with the lion.

Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesar's invasions of Britain.

Tiberius Claudius Maximus the Roman soldier who brought the head of Decebalus to emperor Trajan was serving in Legio VII Claudia.

2 commentsJay GT4
Alexius I AE Tetarteron68 viewsAlexius I
AE Tetarteron 4.29g / 21.5mm / -
- Bust facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform sceptre and globe cross.
- Jewelled cross with globus at each extremity, and X at centre
Mint:Thessalonica (1081-1118 AD)
References: Sear 1931
Scotvs Capitis
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!68 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAES S, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,, R1!,
Licinius II RIC VII, Siscia 11568 viewsLicinius II 317-324 Caesar, son of Licinius I
AE - AE 3, 3.08g, 19mm
Siscia 4. officina AD 320
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head l., holding Victory on globe l. and mappa li., on cuirass head of Medusa
standard with VOT/X between two captives
field: S and F
exergue: Delta SIS star
RIC VII, Siscia 115
R3; VF, from a hoard in Croatia 2004
added to
3 commentsJochen
CHINA - Long Xing Reign68 viewsChina, Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Xioa Zong (1163-1190); Long Xing Reign (1163-1164) 2-Cash. H-17.76, S-699.dpaul7
L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio - Calpurnia-5a68 viewsRoman Republic. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio. 100 B.C. AR Denarius. (3.922 grams 17mm). Obverse: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, harpa; around, PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Reverse: Two male figures (Quaestors) seated on bench (subsellium) side by side; to l. and r., corn-ear; in exergue, AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Sydenham 603, Crawford 330/1a, RCV 210, RSC Calpurnia-5a2 commentsBud Stewart
017. Marcus Antonius.68 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue.68 viewsSilver Drachm, ADM I series I, 85 (same dies); Price 2090; Müller Alexander 763; SNG Copenhagen 895; SNG Alpha Bank 629; SNG Saroglos 771; SNG München -, Very Fine, well centered, light bumps and marks, Ionia, Miletos mint, weight 4.241g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 0o, struck date between 325 - 323 B.C.
Obverse : head of Alexander the Great as Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck.
Reverse : AΛEΞAN∆POY ( of Alexander ), Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter topped with lotus vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right leg forward, ∆H monogram left.

*Lifetime issue. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most Alexander coins were issued after his death.
**Alexander the great believed if the world ruled by one king or leader , will be better for all.
Alexander the great was considered a god after his death.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection /FORVM Ancient Coins.
2 commentsSam
Macedonia. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm (reverse)68 viewsCirca 325-315 B.C. Reverse. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, on throne, ALEXANDROU in right field, monogram in left field. Die shift. Price-211. Ex Berk. Mint State.1 commentsJason T
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #168 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #1
avers:- Diademed head of Artemis Tauropolis facing right, with bow and quiver at her shoulder.
revers:- Two goats on their hind legs, contending, face to face, with the Greek legend AMΦIΠOLIT-ΩN, in the fields.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 6,13g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: Sear #1394,
1 commentsquadrans
maravedis lot 1.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Spain, Philip IV, 8 Maravedis from Seville 1621-1665 (coin 4)68 viewsobv: Bust right, his inscription around.
rev: Coat of arms.

Note: Note: Philip IV of Castille (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. In his realms he was known as the Planet King, after the Sun (the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time). Thanks Howard Cole for proper ID.
2 commentsJericho
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, AR Denarius, 49-27 BC.68 views
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, Silver Denarius

Obv: Manned Galley right, banner at prow, ANT AVG III VIR [R P C].
Rev: Two military standards with Legionary Eagle between them, LEG X.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Moving mint, perhaps Patrae.
Struck: 32-31 BC.

Size: 17.44 mm.
Weight: 3.24 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Quite good. Beautiful to me! As shown by the photo, in any event, which is quite faithful to the coin in hand.

Sear I, pg. 283, 1479
Crawford Vol. I, pg. 540, 544/24
3 commentsTiathena
Marcus Aurelius Sestertius RIC 96468 viewsAE Sestertius
Marcus Aurelius, Rome Mint, 168-169 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XX III, Laureate and draped bust right
Reverse: SALVTI AVG COS III, Salus feeding snake rising from altar
RIC 964; Cohen 544
28mm, 24.4gm

1 commentsJerome Holderman
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, #168 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0475a.var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XII-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, (no leaning on column !) holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-158 A.D., ref: RIC-III-475a.var (note !) (Ant. Pius), p-89, Strack A333,
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) viewsCaracalla & Julia Domna, AD 198-217
AE26, 11.43g, 26.27mm, 45°
struck under governor Quintilianus
confronted busts of the Imperial pair
Triumphal arch, with two floors, three doors, two windows; above four figures, from
l. to r.: Caracalla with sceptre(?), Severus, Julia Domna, and - a bit smaller - Geta
on r. side E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 695 (1 ex., Mandl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1041
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
d) BMC 20
rare, about VF/superb EF

This type seems to depict a triumphal arch erected in Marcianopolis. For the 4 figures on top will be no other interpretation possible than that suggested by A.v.Sallet (Cat. Berlin 58, 11) of the Imperial family...So we have in te middle Severus and Domna, on the l. side Caracalla and on the r. side a bit smaller Geta. The triumphal arch seems to be erected under Severus but appears not until Caracalla's sole reign, probably at the beginning because Geta is depicted too (Pick).
3 commentsJochen
Marti Pacifero Cldc68 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,68 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG-G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Medieval, #01,68 viewsMedieval, #01,quadrans
Medieval, #12,68 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Medieval Brooch AE-007, Fibula #09168 viewsMedieval Brooch AE-007, Fibula #091
mint: ???
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
0. Miletus68 viewsMiletus
AR 1/12 stater
c. 500 BC (minted begining 550 and ending 494 when Miletus was destroyed by Persia)

obv. lion head facing right
Misterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #0768 viewsMisterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #07
diameter: mm,
mint: ,
1 commentsquadrans
0760-0791 AH - Murad I - cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43 - Ottoman Mangir68 viewsSultan: Murad I (r. 1359-1389 AD)
Date: 1359-1389 AD (760-791 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

Reverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43
1.58g; 16.5mm; 135 or 315°
Magnvs Maximvs - Spes Romanorvm68 viewsArles
very scarce
1 commentsantvwala
Italy - Mint Neapolis - BC 350/37068 views1 commentsRugser
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.68 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.

Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.

The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.

Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.

The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Nero AE sestertius, temple of Janus with closed doors 68 viewsNero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 24.64 g). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Temple of Janus with closed doors to left hung with garland and latticed window to right. RIC I 2681 commentsmattpat
New Zealand.jpg
New Zealand68 viewsKm31 - 1 Cent - 1975
Km32 - 2 cents - 1982
Km7 - 3 Pence - 1943
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1988
Daniel F
B 056 Nicephorus III. Botaniates (1078-1081 A.D.), SB 1881, AU-Electrum-histamenon(scyphate), Constantinopolis,68 viewsB 056 Nicephorus III. Botaniates (1078-1081 A.D.), SB 1881, AU-Electrum-histamenon(scyphate), Constantinopolis,
avers: + NIKHF DEC TW ROTANIAT, Nicephorus standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum with X on shaft and cross on globe; double border.
revers: IC-XC to upper left and right, Christ seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cross, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left; double border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 27-33mm, weight: 4,27g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date:, ref: SB-1881, p-372,
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 13.09g, 27.80mm, 30°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Nike, winged, in slow biga advancing r., holding reins in r. hand and in raised l.
hand wreath and Palm branch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1546 var. (1 ex., Rollin, wreath not mentioned)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3093 var. (has ICTRW in ex.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare (R6), nice dark green patina
ex coll. Pete Burbules
4 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 12.21g, 26.74mm, 45°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
laureate head r.
river god (Istros?), laureate, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., resting l. arm on
rocks (or urn) from which water flows, holding with r. hand tree with four
foliate twigs.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1310 (3 ex., Paris, Wien, Chaix)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2719
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare, VF, dark-green patina

This ex. has clearly NEIPOT on the rev. legend. Others are known with NEIPO or NEIKOP obviously corrected from NEIPOT (Pick).
1 commentsJochen
Siege of Zierikzee, silver klippe of 48 Stuiver, Emission of July 157668 viewsObverse: • + •/• REGIÆ/MAT• RECON/CILIATA • ZI/RIZEA • ZA•/• IVLY • AO/• 1576 • in seven lines across field; all within reeded border
Reverse: Blank
First_RIC 868 viewsThe slightly draped bust dies are few in number. This obverse die was used to mint at least RIC 3, RIC 4, RIC 7 and RIC 8 coins. There is no reason to believe that the draped bust coins formed a special issue.1 commentsjmuona
P 1 D.jpg
Punic - Carthago - Shekel68 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 20 mm
Weight : 6 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
1 commentsTanit
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.68 views AR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
URBS ROMA (ARLES)68 views330 - 340 AD
AE 17 mm 2.45 g
RIC 373 (R4)
(ex G.Clark)
1 commentslaney
Roman Empire, PESCENNIUS NIGER. AR DENARIUS of ANTIOCH. Struck c.A.D.193-194.68 viewsObverse: IMP CAES C PESE NIGER IVSTI. Laureate head of Pescennius Niger facing right.
Reverse: MONETAE AVG. Moneta standing facing left, holding scales in her right hand and cornucopiae in her left.
Not in RIC or RSC.
Athena * Protome Horse - Pharsalos, Thessaly – AR Hemidrachm * 480-450 BC.68 views
Athena * Horse head - Pharsalos, silver half-drachm.

Obv: Athena in Attic-styled crested helmet facing right.
Rev: Protome of horse facing right within incuse square. ΦΑΡ, vertical in right field.

Exergue: None

Mint: Pharsalos
Struck: 480-450 BC.

Size: 14.64 x 12.80 (oblong flan)
Weight: 2.65 gms.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Beautifully worn.

SNG Cop. 218
Sear, GC. Vol. I, p. 209; 2187

Status: TCJH, Private Collection
Thrace, Philippopolis. Commodus AE1968 viewsObv: AV M A AV KOMODOC. Emperor bust r.
Rev: FILIPPOPOLEITWN. Demeter, veiled, standing left holding corn-ears and torch.
68 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
Greek, Thrace, Mesembria, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm.68 views Mesembria mint (Thrace). Struck 250-175 BC. Obv.: Head of Herakles right in lionskins. Rev.: Zeus seated left with eagle & scepter; IДИ and Corinthian helmet left, monogram under throne.2 commentsseleukoy
Antoninus Pius Italia68 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III
Laureate head right

Italia, towered, seated l. on globe, holding cornucopiae and sceptre.

Rome 140-143
RIC 73c. BMC 214

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities
2 commentsJay GT4
Alexander the Great, plated tetradrachm, imitating one of Pella mint68 views28mm, 10.97g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Macedonian helm to left, monogram below throne
seems to match most closely Price 625 but the monogram seems to have only two cross bars instead of three
ex Gitbud & Naumann
CLICK picture for a larger, sharper version
Poland - Groszy68 viewsY276 - 1 Grosz - 2000
Yaa47 - 10 Groszy - 1968–MW
Y280 - 20 Groszy - 1991
Y13 - 50 Groszy - 1923
Daniel F
POLAND - 2010 Katyn Massacre Commemorative68 viewsPOLAND - 2010 2-Zloty, Aluminum-copper-zinc alloy. Commemorative coin '70th Anniversary of the Katyń Crime'.
Obverse: An image of the Eagle established as the State Emblem of the Republic of Poland. On the sides of the Eagle, the notation of the year of issue: 20 – 10. Below the Eagle, an inscription: ZŁ 2 ZŁ in the rim, an inscription: RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA, preceded and followed by six pearls. The Mint’s mark: M/W, under the Eagle’s left leg. Reverse: Centrally, an inscription: KATYŃ. Below, a stylized image of the military forage cap with the Polish military Eagle. At the top, a semicircular inscription: 70. ROCZNICA ZBRODNI KATYŃSKIEJ (70 TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE KATYN MASSACRE). Diameter – 27 mm, weight – 8.15 g., edge plain with the inscription, NBP, repeated eight times, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.
Put in circulation since April 8, 2010. Mintage: 1 000 000. The coin was struck at the National Bank of Poland.
In light of the recent tragedy of Poland losing her president and top leaders, this coin is sold out in Poland, I have been told.
On September 17, 1939 the Red Army invaded the territory of Poland from the east. This invasion took place while Poland had already sustained serious defeats in the wake of the German attack on the country that started on September 1, 1939; thus Soviets moved to safeguard their claims in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
In the wake of the Red Army's quick advance that met little resistance, between 250 000 and 454 700 Polish soldiers had become prisoners and were interned by the Soviets. About 250 000 were set free by the army almost on the spot, while 125 000 were delivered to the internal security services (the NKVD).
The NKVD in turn quickly released 42 400 soldiers. The approximately 170 000 released were mostly soldiers of Ukrainian and Belarusian ethnicity serving in the Polish army. The 43 000 soldiers born in West Poland, now under German control, were transferred to the Germans. By November 19, 1939, NKVD had about 40 000 Polish POWs: about 8 500 officers and warrant officers, 6 500 police officers and 25 000 soldiers and NCOs who were still being held as POWs.
As early as September 19, 1939, the People's Commissar for Internal Affairs and First Rank Commissar of State Security, Lavrenty Beria, ordered the NKVD to create a Directorate for Prisoners of War to manage Polish prisoners. The NKVD took custody of Polish prisoners from the Red Army, and proceeded to organize a network of reception centers and transit camps and arrange rail transport to prisoner-of-war camps in the western USSR. The camps were located at Jukhnovo (Babynino rail station), Yuzhe (Talitsy), Kozelsk, Kozelshchyna, Oranki, Ostashkov (Stolbnyi Island on Seliger Lake near Ostashkov), Tyotkino rail station (90 km from Putyvl), Starobielsk, Vologda (Zaenikevo rail station) and Gryazovets.
The approximate distribution of men throughout the camps was as follows: Kozelsk – 5 000; Ostashkov – 6 570; and Starobelsk – 4 000. They totalled 15 570 men.
On March 5, 1940, pursuant to a note to Joseph Stalin from Lavrenty Beria, the members of the Soviet Politburo – Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov, Anastas Mikoyan and Beria – signed an order to execute 25,700 Polish 'nationalists and counterrevolutionaries' kept at camps and prisons in occupied western Ukraine and Belarus.
Up to 99% of the remaining prisoners were subsequently murdered. People from Kozelsk were murdered in the usual mass murder site of Smolensk country, called Katyn forest; people from Starobilsk were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kharkiv and the bodies were buried near Pyatikhatki; and police officers from Ostashkov were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kalinin (Tver) and buried in Miednoje (Mednoye).
Estimates of the number of executed persons ranges from 15 000 to 21 768. Polish POWs and prisoners were murdered in Katyn forest, Kalinin (Tver) and Kharkiv prisons and elsewhere. About 8 000 of the victims were officers taken prisoner during the 1939 invasion of Poland, the rest being Polish citizens who had been arrested for allegedly being 'intelligence agents, gendarmes, spies, saboteurs, landowners, factory owners and officials'.
The term 'Katyn massacre' originally referred to the massacre, at Katyn Forest near villages of Katyn and Gnezdovo (about 12 miles (19 km) west of Smolensk, Russia), of Polish military officers confined at the Kozelsk prisoner-of-war camp. It is applied now also to the execution of prisoners of war held at Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps, and political prisoners in West Belarus and West Ukraine, shot on Stalin's orders at Katyn Forest, at the NKVD (Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) Smolensk headquarters and at a slaughterhouse in the same city, as well as at prisons in Kalinin (Tver), Kharkiv, Moscow, and other Soviet cities.
The 1943 discovery of mass graves at Katyn Forest by Germany, after its armed forces had occupied the site in 1941, precipitated a rupture of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Polish government-in-exile in London. The Soviet Union continued to deny responsibility for the massacres until 1990, when it acknowledged that the NKVD secret police had in fact committed the massacres and the subsequent cover-up. The Russian government has admitted Soviet responsibility for the massacres, although it does not classify them as war crimes or as acts of genocide, as this would have necessitated the prosecution of surviving perpetrators, which is what the Polish government has requested. It also does not classify the dead as the victims of Stalinist repressions, in effect barring their formal posthumous rehabilitation.
On 13 April 1990, the forty-seventh anniversary of the discovery of the mass graves, the USSR formally expressed 'profound regret' and admitted Soviet secret police responsibility.
That day is also an International Day of Katyn Victims Memorial (Światowy Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Katynia).
After Poles and Americans discovered further evidence in 1991 and 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin released and transferred to the new Polish president, former Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa, top-secret documents from the sealed package no. 1.
In June 2008, Russian courts consented to hear a case about the declassification of documents about Katyn and the judicial rehabilitation of the victims. In an interview with a Polish newspaper, Vladimir Putin called Katyn a 'political crime'.
Amisos, Pontos, AE 19; Ares/ sword in sheath with strap68 viewsPontos, Amisos, under Mithradates VI, AE19. Mithradates VI Eupator 120-63 B.C. 19mm, 7.6g. Obverse: helmeted head of Ares right. Reverse: sword in sheath with strap, monograms. Attribution: BMC p.17, #46. Ex areich, photo credit areich1 commentsPodiceps
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC 74.jpg
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC V/2 7468 viewsAnt, 22mm, 3.58g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MINER FAVTR, Minerva running L with olive branch and spear and shield.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 2.

RIC 74, Common.
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,68 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: IMP-C-POSTVMVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENT-IA-AVG, Providentia standing left,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5 mm, weight: 2,45g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 263-265 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-323-p-,
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear. (F-var with spear, Not in RIC)
revers:- _VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, holding sceptre and crowning trophy; to left, captive.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 243 var (Not in RIC), p-42,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-04, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-04, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), Γ//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 4th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-04, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
EGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos68 viewsEGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 B.C.) Year Δ (267 BC) Bronze Denomination E. Obv.: Horned head of deified Alexander in elephant headdress right; dotted border. Rev.: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on right. Eagle with spread wings standing left on thunderbolt, head left. Dotted border. Central depression on reverse. Delta between legs. References: SV-439; SNG Cop. 158. dpaul7
Ptolemy XII, tetradrachm68 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysos, 80 - 51 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1839; BMC 117, 35; SNG Cop 396, gVF, toned, Paphos mint, 13.683 g, 25.9 mm, 0o, 52 - 51 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I or XII? right, wearing aegis; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, date “IKQ” (year 29) and crown of Isis left, “PA ” right. Ptolemy XII was a weak and unpopular ruler. He was awarded the belittling title Auletes - the flute player. Disposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, the famous Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. Minted under Roman supervision. About 33% silver. ex FORVM1 commentsPodiceps
Punic 8 D.jpg
Numidia68 viewsNumidia, Kings of. Micipsa. Circa 148-118 BC. Æ 25mm (12.20 gm). Laureate and bearded male head left / Horse rearing left; pellet below.

Mazard 45.
Rabbel II and Gamilat (1)68 viewsjuggate busts of Rabbel and Gamilat
reverse: aramaic legend "Rabbel/Gamilath" in 2 lines
similar to Meshorer 163?
Kwangtung 68 viewsBoo-Guwang
Kwangtung Province
Daniel F
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49468 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 130t img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 041 var.68 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field / IIII in exe), Emission 8, Officina 4, between June and July A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 74, RIC Unlisted 41 var. Bastien 120. Bust Type C, not listed with this officina
RI 132ev img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 731 - Bust Type F (Siscia) (II / XXI)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Victory standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear
Minted in Siscia (II in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 9 Officina 2. A.D. 282
Reference:– Alföldi type 57, n° 90. RIC 731 Bust type F
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 323 Bust type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– CONCORD AVG, Concordia standing right, holding two ensigns and facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 323 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 155b img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Heraclea 017 (MHTΔ)68 viewsObv:– IMP LICINIVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing Imperial mantle and holding mappa, sceptre and globe
Rev:– PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Campgate with 3 turrets, no door, 2 stars above, 7 rows of bricks
Minted in Heraclea (MHTΔ in exe.) in A.D. 317
References:– RIC VII Heraclea 17 (R2)
Septimius Severus Denarius RIC 43368 viewsEmesa mint, Septimius Severus Denarius, 195 A.D. AR 17mm 2.25g, RIC 433, RSC 659, BMC 406
O: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
R: TR P III IMP V COS II, Parthian captive seated right, hands bound, amidst arms
3 commentscasata137ec
RIC 0588 Vespasianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS, Laureate head left
Rev : AEQVITAS AVGVST / S - C, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left
AE/As (27.47 mm 10.60 g 6h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 588 (R), BMCRE unlisted, BNF unlisted
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spred quadriga, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spred quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- SO-LI-INVICT-O, Sol left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergo: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 23-23,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-911, p118, 4th. emission,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-2, p-120,
668 viewsPostumus
AE 42 mm
Trier Mint (?)
1 commentsmauseus
Rome 28468 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
Rome, Lead Seal, #19,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #19,quadrans
RPC-1942-Vespasian68 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.44g
Antioch mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 1942 (12 spec.).
Obv: AYTOKPAT KAIΣA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l., with drapery on far shoulder
Rev: T ΦΛAYI OYEΣΠ KAIΣ ETOYΣ NEOY IEPOY; Laureate Head of Titus, r.; in l. field, star; in r. field, B
Acquired from Athena Numismatics, February 2015.

A RPC group 2 tetradrachm attributed to Antioch, but style wise very similar to Alexandria. RPC speculates these Alexandrian style tetradrachms were either struck in Alexandria and then shipped to Antioch, or less likely Alexandrian mint workers were temporarily striking coins in Antioch. At any rate, there was a massive output of silver from Antioch just prior to and after the siege of Jerusalem and apparently the Antioch mint was supplemented by the only other major mint in the region to meet demands. Titus was put in charge of the siege by Vespasian, which is most likely why he figured prominently in the region's coinage. These coins are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were used for military pay.

I'm quite attracted to this coin's almost crude 'Alexandrian' style. A lovely big and chunky piece in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
NERO (54-68 AD), AE dupondius, Victory, struck ca. 64 AD68 viewsObverse- NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P, radiate head right.
Reverse- VICTORIA AVGVSTI/ S-C, Victory flying left, holding wreath, II (mark of value) in exergue.
RIC 196 (?), 34.5 mm, 15.5 g.
Ex- Mike R. Vosper Coins, UK, November 2011, through eBay.
Comments: Here's a thick and chunky orichalcum dupondius with some of the brassy color showing. I just liked the look of it. What's fun is that the rendering of Victory's wing makes it look like a space shuttle is flying behind her and is about to whack her in the head! Just imagine what flights of fancy some "ancient aliens" theorists could come up with, using this coin as "evidence"!
2 commentslordmarcovan
Sarmatia, Tyra. Julia Domna AE24. Cybele68 viewsObv: TVPA NWN. Bust of Domna r., draped.
Rev: IOVLADO MNA CE. Kybele seated r., wearing mural crown; in her r., patera; beneath l. elbow, tympanon; behind, delta.
GREEK, CSE 937 (this coin); CSE Plate 56, 937 (this coin)68 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Seleukeia on the Tigris

Head of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, NO in left field.

SC 119.3(a); HGC 9, 16f; ESM 23 (same dies A27-P79); CSE 937 (this coin); CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047).
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint ca. 300-296 BC.

(25 mm, 16.91 g, 12h).
ex-William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Arthur Houghton Collection.

Some time in the last five years of the fourth century BC the mint at Seleukeia on the Tigris opened to issue coinage in the name of Seleukos. Initial issues maintained the Zeus Aëtophoros (eagle) reverse image. However, shortly thereafter, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced in parallel with the Aëtophoros image. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This is one of three known examples of SC 119.3(a). The others are ESM 23 in the Danish national collection Copenhagen and CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047). Seleucid Coins lists another from the Tricala 1979 hoard (CH IX, 000) in the Athens Numismatic Museum, but this is in fact an example of ESM 24 (Zeus Aëtophoros) that was incorrectly catalogued as ESM 23 by Oeconomides - refer Oeconomides Pl. 66, 109. All noted examples are from the same obverse die. The obverse of this coin is a die match to that of a Zeus Aëtophoros issue with identical NO primary control which is now found in the Berlin collection (ESM 24; Newell Pl V, 4).
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 19268 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.18g, 20mm
Rome issue 9, AD 228
head laureate r.
Felicitas draped, standing front, head l., sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over
garlanded altar l., and holding long caduceus vertically in l. hand.
RIC IV/3, 192; C.45 (Paris); BMC 498
EF, mint state with luster, wonderful reverse
added to
1 commentsJochen
(0222) Severus Alexander (unlisted)68 views222 - 235 AD
Struck 228 AD
AE Dupondius 24 mm 8.86 g
Obv: RIM CAES...
Rad. Dr. Bust R
Pax adv. L holding palm branch and scepter
(Rome) Not listed in RIC or BMC
Shekel Tyre CY 20 (107/106 BC)68 viewsPHOENICIA, Tyre. 126/5 BC-AD 65/6. AR Shekel Dated CY 20 (107/6 BC).
O: Bust of Melkart right, wearing laurel wreath, lion skin around neck
R: Eagle standing left on prow; palm frond in background; to left, LK (date) above club; monogram to right, Phoenician Bet between legs; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY around.
- Rouvier 1997 var. (letter between legs); HGC 10, 357; DCA 919; BMC 91–2.
1 commentsNemonater
L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla - Manlia-468 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla. 82 BC. Denarius. Mint moving with Sulla. L. MANLI before, PRO.Q behind, helmeted Roma right / Sulla, being crowned by Victory, in quadriga right; L SVLLA IM in exergue. Crawford 367/5; Syd 757; SRCV 286: Manlia-44 commentsBud Stewart
SWEDEN -- JOHAN III 68 viewsSWEDEN -- JOHAN III (1568-1592) AR 1/2-Ore, 1583. Obv.: Crowned Swedish arms DIVIDES DATE 8 - 3; MONETA NOVA • REG • SVECI Rev.: Crowned Vasa arms divide •I - R• monogram; IOHANNES • 3 • D • G • SVECI • REX Reference: SM #92.dpaul7
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia stg. l., holding baton in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet to l., globe, (Pr2).
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-92, T-(Estiot)-3530,
1 commentsquadrans
Taras, Calabria68 views281-228 BC
AR Obol (9mm, 0.31g)
O: Kantharos; three pellets around.
R: Kantharos; tripod to right.
Vlasto 1642v; SNG ANS 1549v; SNG Cop 1075; HN Italy 1076; Sear 356v (K to left)

The 3rd century was one of great change for Taras, who saw their democracy shatter and their influence evaporate. After repeated conflicts with Rome, Taras finally submitted to a Roman garrison in 272 BC.
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III, tetradrachm, Macedonian mint (Amphipolis?)68 views336-323 BC (lifetime)
24-26 mm, 17.14 g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; to left, janiform-head vase
(Price p. 89, 6.)

ex Auctiones GmbH, eAuction #5, Lot 9
2 commentsareich
Thasos stater68 viewsca. 500 BC
22 mm, 9.52 g
obv: satyr advancing right, carrying protesting nymph
rev: quadripartite incuse
2 commentsareich
1505c, Theodosius I, 379 - 395 A.D. (Constantinople)68 viewsTheodosius I (379 - 395 AD) AE3. 388-394 AD, RIC IX 27(a)3, Third Officina. Seventh Period. 20.27 mm. 4.8gm. Near VF with black and earthen patina. Constantinople. Obverse: DN THEODO-SIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLORIA-ROMANORVM, Theodosius I standing, facing, holding labarum and globe, CONSB in exergue (scarcer reverse). A Spanish find.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

THEODOSIUS I (379-395 A.D.)
David Woods
University College of Cork

Origin and Early Career
Flavius Theodosius was born at Cauca in Spain in about 346 to Thermantia and Theodosius the Elder (so-called to distinguish him from his son). Theodosius the Elder was a senior military officer serving in the Western empire and rose to become the magister equitum praesentalis under the emperor Valentinian I from late 368 until his execution in early 375. As the son of a soldier, Theodosius was legally obliged to enter upon a military career. He seems to have served under his father during his expedition to Britain in 367/8, and was the dux Moesiae Primae by late 374. Unfortunately, great controversy surrounds the rest of his career until Gratian had him hailed as his imperial colleague in succession to the emperor Valens at Sirmium on 19 January 379. It is clear that he was forced to retire home to Spain only to be recalled to active service shortly thereafter, but the circumstances of his forced retirement are shrouded in mystery. His father was executed at roughly the same time, and much speculation has centred on the relationship between these events.

[For a very detailed and interesting discussion of the Foreign Policy of Theodosius and the Civil Wars that plagued his reign, please see]

Family and Succession
Theodosius married twice. His first wife was the Spanish Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. She bore him Arcadius ca. 377, Honorius on 9 September 384, and Pulcheria ca. 385. Theodosius honoured her with the title of Augusta shortly after his accession, but she died in 386. In late 387 he married Galla, daughter of Valentinian I and full-sister of Valentinian II. She bore him Gratian ca. 388, Galla Placidia ca. 388/390, and died in childbirth in 394, together with her new-born son John. Of his two sons who survived infancy, he appointed Arcadius as Augustus on 19 January 383 and Honorius as Augustus on 23 January 393. His promotion of Arcadius as a full Augustus at an unusually young age points to his determination right from the start that one of his own sons should succeed him. He sought to strengthen Arcadius' position in particular by means of a series of strategic marriages whose purpose was to tie his leading "generals" irrevocably to his dynasty. Hence he married his niece and adoptive daughter Serena to his magister militum per Orientem Stilicho in 387, her elder sister Thermantia to a "general" whose name has not been preserved, and ca. 387 his nephew-in-law Nebridius to Salvina, daughter of the comes Africae Gildo. By the time of his death by illness on 17 January 395, Theodosius had promoted Stilicho from his position as one of the two comites domesticorum under his own eastern administration to that of magister peditum praesentalis in a western administration, in an entirely traditional manner, under his younger son Honorius. Although Stilicho managed to increase the power of the magister peditum praesentalis to the disadvantage of his colleague the magister equitum praesentalis and claimed that Theodosius had appointed him as guardian for both his sons, this tells us more about his cunning and ambition than it does about Theodosius' constitutional arrangements.

Theodosius' importance rests on the fact that he founded a dynasty which continued in power until the death of his grandson Theodosius II in 450. This ensured a continuity of policy which saw the emergence of Nicene Christianity as the orthodox belief of the vast majority of Christians throughout the middle ages. It also ensured the essential destruction of paganism and the emergence of Christianity as the religion of the state, even if the individual steps in this process can be difficult to identify. On the negative side, however, he allowed his dynastic interests and ambitions to lead him into two unnecessary and bloody civil wars which severely weakened the empire's ability to defend itself in the face of continued barbarian pressure upon its frontiers. In this manner, he put the interests of his family before those of the wider Roman population and was responsible, in many ways, for the phenomenon to which we now refer as the fall of the western Roman empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, David Woods.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

There is a nice segue here, as we pick-up John Julius Norwich's summation of the reign of Theodosius, "Readers of this brief account of his career may well find themselves wondering, not so much whether he deserved the title of 'the Great' as how he ever came to acquire it in the first place. If so, however, they may also like to ask themselves another question: what would have been the fate of the Empire if, at that critical moment in its history after the battle of Adrianople, young Gratian had not called him from his Spanish estates and put the future of the East into his hands? . . . the probability is that the whole Empire of the East would have been lost, swallowed up in a revived Gothic kingdom, with effects on world history that defy speculation.

In his civil legislation he showed, again and again, a consideration for the humblest of his subjects that was rare indeed among rulers of the fourth century. What other prince would have decreed that any criminal, sentenced to execution, imprisonment or exile, must first be allowed thirty days' grace to put his affairs in order? Or that a specified part of his worldly goods must go to his children, upon whom their father's crimes must on no account be visited? Or that no farmer should be obliged to sell his produce to the State at a price lower than he would receive on the open market?

Had he earned his title? Not, perhaps, in the way that Constantine had done or as Justinian was to do. But, if not ultimately great himself, he had surely come very close to greatness; and had he reigned as long as they did his achievements might well have equalled theirs. He might even have saved the Western Empire. One thing only is certain: it would be nearly a century and a half before the Romans would look upon his like again" (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, the Early Centuries. London: Penguin Group, 1990. 116-7;118).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
GREEK, Thessalian League Apollo Drachm68 views196-146 B.C.
4.15 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) behind
Rev: Athena Itonia standing right, with shield and about to hurl spear, ΘEΣΣA - ΛΩN to sides, bunch of grapes on vine right, Π-O / Λ-Y (magistrate) across lower fields
Sear 2234 var.; BMC Thessaly p.4, 36-37; (SNG Cop 300)
Tiberius Pax Group 468 viewsGroup 4, c. 18 - 35 A.D. Lugdunum mint.
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS; One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
R: PONTIF MAXIM; No base under the throne (just the single exergual line), Pax usually holds scepter (or rarely a reversed spear), her feet rest on a low footstool. - 269, Lot: 331

Baptiste Giard divides Tiberius' PONTIF MAXIM coins (aurei and denarii), into six groups, based on what he believes is the evolution of style over time.1 To some extent the portraits also reflect Tiberius' aging over a period of about 22 years. An excellent writeup can be found at
1 commentsNemonater
Titus As Fides Publica68 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Clasped hands holding caduecus and two wheat stalks
1 commentsancientdave
Trajan Provincial68 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Tridrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. 112-114 A.D. (10.09g, 23.33mm) Obv: AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAI]ANOC CEB GEPM DAK, Laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder. Rev: DHMAPX EX YPA TO C, Distyle temple with eagle in pediment, Cult image of Artemis of Perge within.
SNG ANS 1160; Syd 190

Ex: Holding History
1 commentsPaddy
Trajan Æ Sestertius. SPQR Via Traiana RIC 636v68 viewsTrajan Æ Sestertius. ca 115-116 AD. Laureate head right / VIA TRAIANA/S C in two lines in exergue, the Via Traiana reclining left on rock, head right, holding wheel & branch. Cohen 649 cf.

The Via Traiana, constructed at Trajan's own expense between 109 AD and 113 AD, replaced the Via Appia as the usual route between Brindisium to Beneventum.
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33768 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan AE Sestertius, RIC 549 var.68 viewsÆ Sestertius (27,23g, Ø 33,5mm, 6h). Rome, AD 107.
Obv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate draped cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI around, S C in ex., Trajan crowned by Victory.
RIC 549 var. ; BMC 825 var.; Cohen 516 var.; Strack 359 (Mailand, Castello Sforza (1929) for this bust type); Banti 221 var.; MIR 14/320 (unlisted bust type [h])
Ex, Sept. 2015
3 commentsCharles S
1cm Tranquillina68 viewsAE Deultum, Thrace

Draped bust, right, SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG

Deultum, Thrace, COL FL PAC DEVLT, Genius naked holding Patera and branch

Moushmov 3745
unk Pentanummium 68 viewsReverse: large E
Reverse: Diad., draped and Cuir facing rt.
Mint: ?
Date: ?
10mm, 1.58g
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, AE3 ISSUE of Cyzicus. Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I.68 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMKΔ.
RIC VII : 91.
USA - 1849 Large Cent68 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #0168 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross on double arch between two crescents containing star, two dots and two lines, border of dots.
revers: Four crescents containing crosses, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,21g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-094, CHN-1-127, Huszar-116, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Vespasian-RIC-1542A68 viewsAR Denarius, 2.80g
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1542A (R3). BMC - . RSC - . RPC - .
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements
Ex G&N, eBay, 22 November 2012.

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type with a slightly different obverse legend. The lettering is rendered rather crudely similar to many Antiochene denarii. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with the priestly implements reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both the legend and the type are extremely rare for this mint. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming RIC II Addenda as 1542A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agreed the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Valentinian I RIC IX 14a68 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
emperor walking right, head turned back, holding labarum and dragging captive. Left field: F, right field: R over hooked A.
BSISCS dot in ex.
18mm 2.3 gm
Valentinian II, Constantinople RIC IX-63a68 viewsAE4
Constantinople mint, 378-383 A.D.
13mm, 1.57g
RIC IX-63a

Pearl-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Legend in wreath
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--GLORIA (GALLEY)68 views370 - 392 AD
AE 23 mm 5.37 g
RIC IX Nicomedia 25b-5

3 commentslaney
Valerian Tet.JPG
Valerian AE Tetradrachm, Alexandria68 viewsEgypt , Alexandria, AE Tetradrachm, 256 AD

Obverse: AK P L I OVA EPIANOC EVEVC, Laureate cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: L (Delta) across field, Nike advancing right.

24mm, 9.6gm

Emmett 3713(4), Milne 3925.

3 commentsJerome Holderman
Vandal Civic Issue68 viewsObverse: Diademed and draped bust left, holding palm
Reverse: N/IIII in two lines across fields; – above N
Mint : Carthage
Date : circa 523-533
Reference : MIB I, 20 (Gelimer); BMC Vandals 12 (Huneric); MEC 1, 55
Grade : VF
Weight : 1.05g
Denom : Nummi
Metal : AE
Acquired: 01/05/06
Comments : brown patina (11mm)
1 commentsBolayi
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0168 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #01
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5-12,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
68 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (19mm - 3.53 g). Rome mint. Struck 77-8 AD. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IMP XIX, Sow walking left with three piglets. RIC II 982; BMCRE 212; RSC 213.3 commentspaul1888
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.68 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6968 viewsÆ as (9.5g, Ø28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)68 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria68 views302 - 281 BC (Period VI)
AR Drachm (16mm, 3.09g, 3h)
Nikokrates magistrate.
O: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla throwing stone.
R: Owl with closed wings standing right on Ionic capital, head facing; [NIKO]KPAT[HΣ] to left, TA to right.
Vlasto 1099 (this coin); HN Italy 1052
From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1099.
“Michel P. Vlasto was born in Athens on the 1st February 1874 and studied in Marseilles.
… He was a born artist and very good at drawing. His artistic feeling made him a real worshipper of Greek art; everything beautiful charmed him; if he could have done so a museum would have been his home. The real pleasure he felt in admiring a beautiful work of Greek art was so intense that he used to say he could not imagine life without Art and that Beauty and Happiness went together. As a result he could not feel happy unless he was surrounded by Beauty. The room where he used to spend most of his leisure was a kind of temple in which a few perfect specimens of Greek art were the idols he worshipped in a real religious way.
… But all these splendid surroundings were only the frame of the world famous collection of Tarentine coins which represented his chief interest in life and really his sole hobby. But he did not limit himself to collecting coins as most collectors do; he was a real self-made scholar; his knowledge of Tarentine numismatic was complete; there was not a single coin in a public or private cabinet which he did not know, and nothing was said or written about Tarentum, its history and its art which escaped him. He published several contributions to numismatics and many of his books are famous.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
4 commentsEnodia
GREEK, Calabria, Taras Oecist Stater68 viewsCalabria, Taras
425-415 BC, Nomos, 7.99g. Fischer-Bossert-279 (V127/R212), Vlasto-255.
Obv: Phalantos naked and ithyphallic riding dolphin left; extending right hand and holding cuttlefish in left hand.
Rx: Oecist naked to waist, seated left on stool and balancing distaff on right hand, a lekythos on his left wrist.

Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 13. Ex NAC 10, 9 April 1997, lot 17. Ex M&M Basel 10, 1951, lot 161. With interesting and unusual types: Phalantos holds cuttlefish on obverse, while on reverse Taras(or Oecist?) is shown seated rather than on horseback. Nicely centered and well struck, except for Phalantos' head on obverse; rare; beautifully toned. EF
3 commentsLeo
VBERITAS AVG68 viewsVolusianus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
bust seen from front
Weight-Q-017_AE_68 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weight68 viewsCoin Weight, France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weightPodiceps
L. Flaminius Cilo68 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
67 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Barzinski 1873; Brook -

Museum number in india ink on reverse: 5971730 (?)

Ex Lockdale's 83 (27 March 2011), lot 1112
2 commentsArdatirion
L. Thorius Balbus, Denarius67 viewsRome mint, 105 BC
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing a goat's skin, ISMR behind
Bull charging right, L above (control letter), L. THORIVS BALBVS in two lines at exergue
3.93 gr
Ref : RCV # 192, RSC, Thoria # 1
3 commentsPotator II
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.67 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
Mark Antony, Denarius67 viewsStruck in a travelling mint, moving with Mark Antony in 41 BC
ANT AVG IMP III VI R P C, Head of Mark Antony right
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left; at feet, stork; below, PIETAS COS
3,82 gr - 20 mm
Ref : Crawford # 516/2, Sydenham # 1174, HCRI # 241, C # 77
Ex. Auctiones.GmbH

The following comment is copied from NAC auction # 52/294 about the very rare corresponding aureus :
The year 41 B.C., when this aureus was struck at a mint travelling in the East with Marc Antony, was a period of unusual calm for the triumvir, who took a welcomed, if unexpected, rest after the great victory he and Octavian had won late in 42 B.C. against Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi. Antony’s original plan of organising an invasion of Parthia was put on hold after he sailed to Tarsus, where he had summoned Cleopatra VII, the Greek queen of Egypt. She was to defend herself against accusations that she had aided Brutus and Cassius before Philippi, but it is generally agreed that the summons was merely a pretext for Antony’s plan to secure aid for his Parthian campaign. Their meeting was anything but a source of conflict; indeed, they found much common ground, including their agreement that it was in their mutual interests to execute Cleopatra’s sister and rival Arsinoe IV, who had been ruling Cyprus. In addition to sharing political interests, the two agreed that Antony would winter in Egypt to share a luxurious vacation with Cleopatra that caused a further postponement of Antony’s designs on Parthia. Thus began another of the queen’s liaisons with noble Romans, a prior having been Julius Caesar (and, according to Plutarch, Pompey Jr. before him). During the course of his stay in Egypt Cleopatra was impregnated, which resulted in twins born to her in 40 B.C. But this care-free period was only a momentary calm in the storm, for trouble was brewing in both the East and the West. Early in 40 B.C. Syria was overrun by the Parthians, seemingly while Antony travelled to Italy to meet Octavian following the Perusine War, in which Octavian defeated the armies of Antony’s wife and brother. The conflict with Octavian was resolved when they signed a pact at Brundisium in October, and Syria was eventually recovered through the efforts of Antony’s commanders from 40 to 38 B.C.{/i]

5 commentsPotator II
CAMPGATE, Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.67 viewsType:
Ruler / Years: Constantine II 337 - 340 A.D.
Denomination: AE 3
Metal Type: Bronze
Size / Weight: 2.024g, 19.2mm

Orientation: 180 deg.


Obverse Description: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left


Reverse Description: campgate with four turrets and open gates, S - F at sides

Reverse Legend: VIRTVS CAESS

Exergue: TCONST

Attributes: RIC 322

Notes: Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father`s death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarrelling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.

Scott M
Constitution - 12 deniers 1791 A67 viewsAtelier de Paris (A)
LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCOIS, buste drapé a gauche, A sous le buste
LA NATION LA LOI LE ROI rose 1791 . 3 . DELALIB . faisceau surmonté d'un bonnet phrygien entre deux branches de chêne
11.82 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2253
We now have a King being on the same level as his subjects and the Law. He his king of the french instead of being king of France
1 commentsPotator II
Roman Empire, Domitian.67 viewsAR denarius. 92 AD. 3,18 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI / Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column,brandishing javelin and armed with shield. Owl at feet. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P.
Old RIC 167a. New RIC 730. RSC 273.
2 commentsbenito
FAUSTINA II67 viewsAR denarius. 161-175 AD. Diademed and draped bust right. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. / Juno seated left,holding patera and sceptre,peacock at feet. IVNONI REGINAE. RIC 698 (M.Aurelius). RSC 145.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
2 commentsbenito
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Sestertius67 viewsRIC II 589b Rome, BMC 1023, C120
26.08 gm, 33 mm
IMP CASESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate heroic bust right, drapery on left shoulder.
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM S C, Hadrian standing front, head left, looking towards eagle flying right, raising right hand to receive a sceptre from it and holding roll in left.
2 commentsMark Z
Caracalla, Tetradrachm67 viewsTetratrachm struck in Antioch, c.209-212 AD
AVT KAI ANTWNEIN C CEB, Laureate bust of Caracalla right
DHMARX.....PATO.TO.TOG, Eagle facing with wreath in beak
13.65 gr
Ref : Sear #2649 var, Prieur # 214A_001 (unique to date with this reverse legend lacking C : "should" be TOC.TOG. Thanks to Michel Prieur for the additionnal informations)
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, PLAUTILLA Denarius RIC 36967 viewsRome mint, AD 204
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, leaning on shield, Cupid at her feet
3.4 gr
Ref : RCV # 7074, RIC IV # 369
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus Sestertius67 viewsRIC III 307b Rome, C 4
20.87 g, 31 mm
181 AD.
M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right
ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Annona standing, head left, with corn ears over patera & cornucopiae
Mark Z
Diadumenian, Denarius - *67 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Probus67 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, with spear and aegis, seen from back.
RV: VOTIS X ET XX FEL within laurel wreath, in 3 lines.
Leg: -
Ex: -
RIC 459var.
var = unlisted with this bust type
very rare
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Postumus, Antoninianus67 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right
VICTORIA AVG, Victoria advancing left, captive at her feet
3.65 gr
Ref : Cohen # 377,
2 commentsPotator II
Gallienus Antoninianus67 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue.
MIR records only 2 examples of this variety
Ex: Malloy Antiquities, FORVM
3 commentsMark Z
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