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ROMAN EMPIRE, Honorius Solidus63 viewsRIC X 1206 Mediolanum, DOCLR 712ff, 395-423 A.D., struck 394-402 A.D.
21 mm, 4.43 gm
D N HONORI-VS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right VICTORI-A AVCCC Honorius standing right, holding standard and Victory on globe, spurning captive seated left
M-D in fields
COMOB in exergue
("Most likely a single coin find in the Netherlands." Lars Rutten)
Ex: Old Dutch Coll., Rutten & Wieland
Mark Z
KAI in rectangular punch63 viewsMACEDON. Amphipolis. Tiberius. Æ 20. A.D. 14-37. Obv: (TIK)AIΣAPΣEB-BAΣTO(Σ) sic. Bare head right. Rev: AMΦIΠOΛITΩN. Artemis Tauropolos, holding inflated veil, riding on bull galloping right; countermark on neck of bull. Ref: BMC 80 (var. obv. leg. break); RPC 1632; Axis: 360°. Weighr: 7.20 g. CM: KAI in rectangular punch, 5 x 2.5 mm. Howgego 542 (14 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 63 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
Byzantine Lead Seal, 7th-9th Century63 viewsObv: Cruciform Invocative Monogram Atop Large Wreath
Rev: Five-Line Inscription
25 x 20 mm
1660 Roman Woodcut Prints63 viewsDate: ca. AD 1660, Anonymous
Size: 16 x 10.7 cm

This is an leaf from a book on Rome from circa AD 1660. It has hand colored images of various Roman architecture (including the Colosseum). It has rough edges and some minor age toning, but overall the pictures are intact, brightly colored, and beautifully preserved. This book was published during the reign of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in all the arts. Baroque architects, artists, and urban planners so magnified and invigorated the classical and ecclesiastical traditions of the city that it became for centuries after the acknowledged capital of the European art world, not only a focus for tourists and artists but also a watershed of inspiration throughout the Western world.
3 commentsNoah
German States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer.63 viewsGerman States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer. MAX.IOS.H.L.B.C.&, head right / crowned arms divides value and date.

KM 310 var.
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius63 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
1954 2.jpg
Sear 1954 263 viewsOrthodoxcoins
British India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930.63 viewsBritish India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930. GEORGE V KING AND EMPEROR, crowned bust left / design around legend and date: ONE QUARTER ANNA INDIA 1930.

KM 512
1968 1.jpg
Sear 1968 163 viewsOrthodoxcoins
Thrace-Thasos; 412-404 BC63 viewsAR-Trihemiobol
Obv: Satyr,seen from behind,kneeling on left,looking right,over his shoulder,
holding kantharos in right,left on hip.
Rev: Amphora, on either side, ΘΑΣ on left, ΙΩΝ on right.
Size: 12mm;0.82gms
Ref: BMC Tauric Chersonese,Thrace,vol.3,Pg.221,No.58
SNG Copenhagen 1031
Sear I-1755var.
Nice in hand, lousy photo!
1 commentsBrian L
Vespasian RIC-68563 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R), BMC p. 27*, RSC 386
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)63 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
R: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left.
RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87 SRCV III 8937

Very Heavy!
5 commentsMat
Bithynia, Nicaea, Gordian III63 viewsObv.: M ANT GOPDIANOC AVG; draped and radiate bust right
Rev.: N /I /K /A /I /EWN; four military standards, two capricorns above
4.2 gm; 16 mm.

Zwicker Z1073; cf Rec Gen 711; Mionnet S. 870.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod63 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Æ 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic63 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus


Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.


S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
Agrippina Orichalcum Sestertius63 viewsAGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS
Draped bust of Agrippina right

around large SC

Rome circa 42 AD

Issued by Claudius


RIC 102; C. 3; BMC 219.


6 commentsJay GT4
Roman Empire, Clodius Albinus, AE as, RIC 61a, rare non-divided ALBIN. - Obverse63 viewsThe coin pictured is known by one other example, a coin sold by Sotheby's. The non-divided ALBIN on the obverse is one out of the 9 known dies for this series. The coin is published in Curtis Clay's Oxford thesis.Ryan C
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm63 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Miletos mint63 viewsBronze AE 1/4 Unit, Price 2102Ab, weight 1.1g, max. diameter 11.65 mm, Miletos mint, Posthumous issue c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obv. Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟ[Υ], bow in case above, club and stalk of grain below. Dark brown and green patina with some earthen residue. Appears to have little or no wear! (much better in hand) Very scarce denomination from this mint.1 commentsSteve E
Troas, Alexandreia, civic issue, Bellinger A49063 viewsTroas, Alexandria, time of Gallienus, AD 253-268
AE 24, 5.12g
obv. ALEX - TRO
Bust of city-goddess (Tyche), draped and turreted, r., behind vexillum inscribed
rev. CO - L - AVG - TRO
Eagle, with raised wings, flying r., holding in his talons forehead of bull
Bellinger A490 (type 47); SNG Copenhagen 114; BMC 53-56
EF, superb specimen

The depiction is referring to the founder myth of Alexandria: The eagle carrying a bull's head which is a common occurence from now [Commodus Caesar] on, must refer to a foundation legend, like that told of Antioch on the Orontes, of an eagle carrying part of a sacrificial animal to a spot where the new city was destined to raise (Bellinger).
5 commentsJochen
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,63 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,
avers:- AVT-K-KΛAVΔIOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LA, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding rudder in right hand.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
Antoninus Pius, RIC 819, As of AD 145-147 (fourth donative)63 viewsÆ As (12.2g, Ø28mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: LI BERA LIT AS IIII (around), S C (in ex.) Emperor seated in a chair on platform; before is standing Libertas holding an abacus ("counting board") and cornucopiae; below in front of the platform is standing a citizen holding is toga.
RIC 819(*); Cohen 500(*); BMC 1750; Strack 991
* both Cohen as well as RIC ommit COS IIII from the obverse legend for this type. BMC and Strack have the complete obverse legend.
ex D. Ruskin (Oxford, 1996)

Issued on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius with Faustina Jr. celebrated with a fourth donative
Charles S
Antoninus Pius AR denarius, Victoria reverse63 viewsOptimus
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 63 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 63 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)63 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ø 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETAS (in ex.) S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 612; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1950; Strack (Hadrian) 907 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 279 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203 var.
ex G.Henzen (Netherlands, 2010)

Numismatic note: Rare. Strack found this type in 4 collections (of the 30 studied): Berlin, B.M., Paris, and Naples.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
137-161 AD - Antoninus Pius - RIC III 969 var - TR POT XX COS IIII S C63 viewsEmperor: Antoninus Pius (r. 137-161 AD)
Date: 156-157 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Dupondis

Emperor Antoninus Pius Father of the Country Second Imperatorial Acclamation
Bust left; radiate

Tribune Twentieth Term Consul Fourth Term; Minted by Senatorial Decree
Annona standing right, foot on prow, holding rudder on globe and modius.

Rome mint
Strack, Antoninus Pius 1128; var. RIC III 969
11.63g; 24.6mm; 15°
Apollonia Pontika63 views400 BC BMC 150-12 commentsGhengis_Jon
Arados Tetradrachm63 viewsArados --AR Tetradrachm. 15.26g. 26mm. Dated 91/0 B.C. Draped and turreted bust of Tyche r. Rv. Nike standing l. holding aplustre and palm. BMC 224. 1 commentsfeatherz
SPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I63 viewsSPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I, (1506-1516), copper dinero (type 2, with gothic lettering) struck in Zaragoza.
Thanks to Manzikert for attribution!

Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti63 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
Magnia Urbica Ticinum63 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)63 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
Roman Empire, Caracalla, AE As, Rome mint, struck 215 AD63 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP, S-C Aesculapius standing left
RIC 553a; Cohen 304
1 commentsdupondius
63 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0163 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #01
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
I5. Judaea, Procurator Issue63 viewsObv: ΝΕΡW ΚΛΑV KAICAP
Two oblong shields and two spears, crossed.
Six branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates.
Prutah 1.6 gm 16.5 mm 54 AD Sear (GIC) 5626 Hendrin 562
Comment: Struck by Antoninus Felix, Procurator of Judaea in the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Claudius and honors the heirs apparent i.e. Nero on the obverse and Brittanicus on the reverse.
BYZ D 1.jpg
Justinian I63 viewsAE follis. Justinian the Great , Carthage Mint, D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG Facing, cuirassed bust, cross to right, holding globe with cross. / Large M, ANNO XIIII at sides, + above, S below, CAR in exergue.
Sear 261

1 commentsTanit
Gallienus: Liberos panther63 viewsGallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop B.
Obeverse: GALLIE NVSAVG, Gallienus head right.
Reverse: [L]IBEROCONSAVG, panther left. B below.

W=1.95g; D=17x22mm.
Domitian as Caesar RIC T9663 viewsAR Denarius, 3.39g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC T96 (C), BMC T85, RSC 395
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Hands clasped over aquila on prow
Acquired from Imperial Coins, August 2011.

Struck in 80 AD under Titus, the reverse shows clasped hands over an aquila set on a prow, apparently representing "Concordia Militum" - "Harmony of the troops" (BMC II, xlii-xliii). An odd choice to be sure for anyone other than the emperor to issue. According to Suetonius - "After the death of his father, he (Domitian) hesitated for a long time whether he should offer the soldiery a double bounty and he never had any hesitation in stating that he had been left as a partner in the imperial position but that fraud had been applied to the will." (Suet., Dom., 2)

There is a COS VI of this reverse type assigned under Vespasian in both RIC and BMCRE but certainly post dates Vespasian's death.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Caracalla - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST63 viewsObv:- M AVREL ANTONINVS CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

Caracalla, Pautalia. Serpent AE2963 viewsCaracalla
Æ29 (4 Assaria).
Obv: AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC, laureate bust right
Rev: OVΛΠIAC ΠAVTAΛIAC, Serpent coiled upward, head right.
Moushmov 4260
ex AAH

'Nice dark patina on one of my all-time favorite Caracalla types. It's just a nice type - & this is a decent example. Mine can be seen also in my Gallery * Caracalla & Agathedaemon Serpent ... '
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Probus, Egypt, Alexandria BI tetradrachm63 viewsEgypt, Alexandria. Probus. A.D. 276-282. BI tetradrachm (20.8 mm, 8.07 g)
Dated RY 3 = A.D. 277/8.
Obverse: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
Reverse: L-Γ,( year 3) eagle standing facing, head right, with wreath in its beak. Milne 4566; Curtis 1867; Emmett 3985.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Centenional Valentiniano I RIC IX Siscia 15a, type xxvii.jpg
A137-12 - Valentiniano I (364 - 375 D.C.)63 viewsAE3 Centenional 19 x 18 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y una hoja de palma en la izquierda. "ΓSISCV" en exergo, " * / K " en campo izquierdo y "Q" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #15a Pag.147 tipo xxvii - Cohen Vol.VIII #37 Pag.92 - DVM #46 Pag.308 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9034.f.3. Pag.269 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4103
Taras, Calabria63 views345-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Diobol (12mm, 0.88g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles, holding club overhead, kneeling left on the back of the Nemean lion; [N]O above lion’s head, cornucopia to right.
Vlasto 1427; cf Cote 443-44; HN Italy 913
ex JHE Auctions

A scarce little coin featuring yet another scene from Herakles’ epic battle with the Nemean lion.
5 commentsEnodia
Chedworth Baths Cold room.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 10, Bath complex, Cold room 63 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
Qianlong (1736 - 1795)63 views(or CH'IEN-LUNG)
Daniel F
IONIA, CHIOS63 viewsCa. 190 - 84 BC
AR Drachm 19 mm 3.74 g
O: Sphinx seated left, grape bunch before
R: DERKYLOS XIOS Amphora, coruncopia to left
(magistrate Derkylos)
Mavrogordato 66, SNG Cop. 1562
3 commentslaney
Diocletian Coded - B with O - Siscia - RIC 263var63 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with B in right field and XXIO in ex.cscoppa
Anonymous Class H, time of Michael VII63 viewsAnonymous Class H, time of Michael VII
AE Follis
Ob: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, raising right hand in benediction
Rv: Patriarchal cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornament in lower field
Minted 1071-1078 AD
7.30g / 24mm
Ref: Sear 1880
Scotvs Capitis
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old63 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
Denarius. Clodivs Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint.63 viewsDenarius for C. Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint. 195-96 AD.
3.15 grs and 18 mm.
Obs. : draped bust right. Around : IMP CAES D CLO SEP ALB AVG R.
Rev. : hands joining and carrying a legionary eagle. Around : FIDES LEGION COS II.
RIC 20 b.
2 commentslabienus
Antoninus Pius As. RIC 880v.63 viewsRIC 880v. Antoninus Pius As.150-151 AD. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. / TR POT XIIII COS IIII S-C, ANNONA AVG in ex, Annona seated left, holding corn-ears over modius, and cornucopiae. This bust type is not listed in RIC or Strack for Annona reverse, but is known to be in use at the time of mintage. (Per Curtis Clay) Very rare coin.
WW example coin.
Coin #147
1 commentscars100
Julia Domna, Istros63 viewsJulia Domna,
Æ 22-25.5mm; 9.78g; MOESIA INFERIOR, Istros

draped bust right

sea-eagle perched on the dolphin, both to left

Moushmov 172
1 commentsarizonarobin
Colombia63 viewsKm212.2 - 10 Centavos - 1956
Km226 - 10 Centavos - 1967
Km215.1 - 20 Centavos - 1956
Km246.1 - 20 Centavos - 1971
Km281.1 - 10 Pesos - 1989
Km282.1 - 20 Pesos - 1991
Km272 - 50 Pesos - 1989
Km283.2 - 50 Pesos - 2003
Daniel F
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE63 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VIII 248( RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, 63 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VIII 248( RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , pearl diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. Symbol "1" in the left field.
exe: symbol"1"/-//ASIS, diameter:17-18,5mm, weight: 1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-248 (err. in RIC right field instead of left field), p-366,
Constantine I IOVI CONSERVATOI AVGG NN RIC VI Siscia 23463 viewsFollis, 20x22mm, 3.56g.

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI CON-SERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupier standing L with victory and sceptre, eagle with wreath at his feet. A in R. field.

Exe: SIS (Siscia, Officina 1).

RIC VI 234, early 313, C.
Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus63 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine Nearly Fully Silvered Vot XX Aquilia63 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
VOT dot XX dot in badge at top of wreath
AQP Aquileia RIC VII Aquileia 65 r2
1 commentsJames b4
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!63 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-CONSTANTINVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI-INVI-CTO-COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, rising right hand, holding globe in left hand,chlamys across left shoulder.
exerg: T/F//PTR, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Treveri, date: 310-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-866a, p-226, Scarce!
Constantius Gallus RIC Alexandria 79 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius Gallus, RIC Alexandria 7963 viewsConstantius Galllus
AE Centenionalis
Alexandria Mint. 351-354 A.D.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES - Bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman wearing pointed cap. (dot)S(dot) in left field.
Exergue: ALEB
3 commentsseraphic
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.63 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
Before and after Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ63 views Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ20
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Apollo standing left, leaning on tripod, extending right hand towards serpent.
1 commentsMaritima
Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust left
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 216 r2
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 124.jpg
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII 12463 viewsAE3, 18mm, 3.69g.

Obverse: C-RISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate and Cuirassed bust L, with spear and shield.

Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard with VOT/XX, bound captive on either side.

Exe: P*T (Ticinum)

RIC VII 124, 319-20, R4.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Domitian RIC-50963 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C), BMC 106, RSC 215a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, December, 2013.

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-79063 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 790 (C2), BMC 235, RSC 290
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
Acquired from C. J. Martin, August 2013.

A very crisp denarius which was struck during the last year of Domitian's reign between 14 September 95 to 13 September 96. This was a large issue with many common examples, including all four standard Minerva types, and one which saw the introduction of many new types (the flying Minverva for example). These later coins tend to lack the high quality and craftsmanship of earlier issues.

A very sharp coin in hand.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Delmatius RIC VII, Siscia 25663 viewsDelmatius Caesar AD 335-337, nephew of Constantine I, brother of Hannibalianus
AE - AE 4, 1.56g, 17mm
Siscia 2nd officina AD 335/6
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing each another, holding spear in outer hand and
rest inner hand on shield; between them a standard
exergue: BSIS
RIC VII, Siscia 256; LRBC 758
R1; VF/xEF, nice reverse
3 commentsJochen
14 - 16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 63 viewsAR Denario 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80
16 - 04 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)63 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 896
16 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1817· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1817
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#90 Pag.95
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)63 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
diadumenian_ byblos_rouvier699.jpg
Phoenicia, Byblos, Diadumenian, Rouvier 69963 viewsDiadumenian, Caesar, mid May 218 - 8. June 218
AE 24, 10.81g
bare head, bust, cuirassed, r.
rev. BYB - LOY / IERAC (in exergue)
distyle temple, covered by an arch decorated by shell-like swags, in which Astarte is standing r., with polos on head, spear in r. hand and foot on prow, crowned with wreath by Nike, standing on column r. before her.
BMC 40-43; Rouvier 699
scarce, about VF(?)
added to

ASTARTE, a major Northwest-Semitic goddess, was cognate with the East-Semitic goddess Ishtar. She was connected with fertility, sexuality and war. She was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite. Cyprus, one of Aphrodite's main cult centers supplied the name Cypris as Aphrodite's most common byname.

BYBLOS , one of her important cult centers and therefore called 'the Holy Byblos', in ancient times was the most important port of export for Egyptian papyros to Greece. Therefore Greek biblos = book, and The Holy Bible!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
2 commentsJochen
Didius Julianus Sestertius63 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
2 commentsTanit
119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,63 views119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, Heraclea, RIC VI 013A, HA//--, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP-C-C-VAL-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:-CONCORDIA-MIL-ITVM, Emperor standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: HA//--, diameter:19,5-20,5mm, weight:2,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 295-296 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-013A, p-530,
EUBOEA, Histiaea. Circa 196-146 BC63 viewsAR Tetrobol
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaea right
Reverse: ISTI-AIEON, nymph seated right on prow; wing on galley
1.4 g, 13 mm

exNumismatic Lanz.
1 commentsCGPCGP
Argolis, Argos, 440s, 430s-420s BC63 viewsTriobol. Forepart of wolf at bay to left, both legs extended forward and with head held level. Sigma O below neck.
Rev. A within shallow incuse square, containing square incuses on the upper part, pellet below cross bar. BMC 14, BCD 1030. Very rare.
Vespasian AE As 76 AD63 viewsIMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII, laureate bust right
Spes standing left holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
RIC 583a
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. 0.4gms. 9mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
3 commentsDino
D Junius Brutus Albinus Denarius 48 B.C.63 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 427, Sydenham 942, Crawford 450/2, RSC I Postumia 10, VF, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse head of Pietas right, hair in a bun, cruciform earring and pearl necklace, PIETAS behind; reverse clasped hands holding winged caduceus, ALBINVS·BRVTI·F below; Lovely dark toning with iridescent blue highlights.

Ex Hess / Divo 314
Ex Moneta Nova
Not the famous Brutus but still one of the assasins of Caesar.
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Elagabalus AE from Nikopolis63 viewsObv: AVT M AVP ANTONINOC AVG - Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: ...NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITEW... - Triptolemos riding right in biga of winged serpents.
Mint: Nikopolis
Ref: Moushmov 1446
Notes: Rare
5 commentsoa
Elagabalus, Nikopolis, Concordia, Æ2763 viewsgovernor Novius Rufus
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD.
Æ 27mm (13.04 g).
obv: AVT K M AVPN - ANTONEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: VΠ NOBIOV ROVΦO - V NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO, CIC TP - ON in field, Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
AMNG 1968; SNG Budapest -. Near VF, dark brown patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus / Head of boar63 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.

RPC I says on p. 272: "C.M. Kraay pointed out (NC 1975, pp. 235-
47), many of the 'automomous' and Augustan coins, dated to the
reign of Augustus by Oikodominou, are in fact later, ranging from
a few of the reign of Augustus down to the third century (post-
humous coins were struck for Augustus in the reigns of Trajan,
Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, perhaps Commodus, perhaps Caracalla,
and Valerian)."

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium the previous year.
1 commentsancientone
L. Farsuleius Mensor, Crawford 392/1b63 viewsL. Farsuleius Mensor, gens Farsuleia
AR - denar, 18 mm, 3.96 gm.
Rome 75 BC
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Libertas r., wearing ear-rings and necklace.
S C and pileus behind
MENSOR before
rev. Armed and helmeted warrior, holding spear, takes togated person into his
biga, driving r.
CXV under horses
L. FARSVLEI in exergue.
Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
about VF, obv. slightly excentric
ex Lakeview coll.

The reverse depiction is heavily propagandistic. It could be related to the 'Lex Iulia de civitate sociis dandi', introduced by the consul L. Caesar (not Julius Caesar!) in 90 BC and offering Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italian municipia who had not raised arms against Rome in the Italian War (Social War).

Another possibilitiy is that it is related to to the recruitment of military troops needed for the wars in Spain (against Sertorius) and against Mithradates in Asia.

In the 1st case it is Roma taking the Roman allies in her biga, in the other case it could be Mars taking the Roman citizens in his war chariot.
2 commentsJochen
Faustina Junior, Altar63 viewsAR Denarius

Draped bust right

unadorned large altar

RIC 746
2 commentsarizonarobin
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,63 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #163 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
gabriel bathory.jpg
TRANSYLVANIA - Gabriel Bathory63 viewsTransylvania - Prince Gabriel Bathori, Prince of Transylvania (1608-13), Voivode of Wallachia (1611).
Minted in Baia Mare/ Nagybánya; mintmark NB, silver groschen, 1612. Eagle with Bathory coat of arms;
Prince's Crown. KM #72.
238-244 AD - Gordian III - Jupiter Sestertius63 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Laureate, draped and curaissed bust right
IOVISTATORI SC - naked Jupiter standing, head right, holding thunderbolt and scepter

Rome mint, ric 298, 23.8 gms 28-32 mm
GORDIAN III AR antoninianus - struck in the begining 241 (?) AD63 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: LIBERALITAS AVG IIII (Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopia)
ref: RIC IViii 137, C.147
mint: Rome
2.74gms, 22mm
Special issue: 2nd consulate (?)
GOSLAR63 viewsGOSLAR - 1749 1 Leichter (light) Pfennig. Cu. Obv.: Radiate madonna, GOSLAR below. Rev.: *1*/LEICHTER/PFENNIG/1749dpaul7
63 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 4,71g, axes:7 h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Macedonian Kingdom63 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mørkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
Hacksilber Fragment, Earliest Coinage Period, Holy Land63 viewsHacksilber Ingot, c. 8-6 centuries BC, Israel. 21 x 14 x 5 mm, 8.4 grams. Cut in antiquity from a larger piece. Possibly an overweight Pym or underweight Nezef?

Similar ingots were found at Ein Gedi, Israel in a terra cotta cooking pot, hidden in a building destroyed near the end of Iron Age II, early 6th century BC (Avi-Yonah Encylcopedia of the Holy Land, volume 2, p. 374.)

The basic weight in use was the shekel, weighing 11.4 g on average. Other weight groups include, but are not limited to, the following:

(1) Beqa, a half shekel (Ex. 38:26), 5.7 g. (2) Nezef, averaging 9.12 g. The Judaean equivalent to an Egyptian qedet. (3) Pym, 7.6 g. (1 Samuel 13:21) The Judaean equivalent to the Phoenician shekel.

The weight of this ingot is identical to the Mesopotamian shekel. During the 9th to 6th centuries BCE in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires, the common form of expressing prices was in quantities equivalent to one shekel (8.4 g) of silver.

In ancient times, livestock were often used in barter. Indicative of this is the fact that the Latin word for money (pecunia) is drawn from pecus, meaning “cattle.” However, livestock (Ge 47:17) and foodstuffs (1Ki 5:10, 11) were obviously not a convenient medium of exchange.

Instead, pieces of precious metals began to be used, the weight being checked at the time the transaction was made.

Ge 23:16 "Abraham weighed out to E′phron the amount of silver that he had spoken in the hearing of the sons of Heth, four hundred silver shekels current with the merchants."; Jer 32:10 "Then I wrote in a deed and affixed the seal and took witnesses as I went weighing the money in the scales."

The usual Hebrew term translated as “money,” keseph, literally means “silver.” (Ge 17:12) There was no coined money in Israel during the First Temple Period (1006-586 BCE). Rather, it consisted of cut pieces of silver and gold, or molded for convenience into bars, rings, bracelets, having a specific weight. - Ge 24:22

At Judges 5:19, bâtsa‛ keseph, which is commonly rendered as, “No gain of silver did they take,” literally means to break off or cut off silver.
Hadrian Alexandria.jpg
Hadrian - Alexandria - Serapis and Cerberus63 viewsAE26 Billon Tetradrachm, 13.55 g, 26 mm, 12 h, 125-126 AD

Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: L-ΔE-KATOV
Serapis standing facing right, left hand holding long sceptre; Cerberus before

Alexandria mint

Koln 914, Milne 1145, Emmett 891
2 commentsdrjbca
Hadrian's Gate in Antalya #563 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya #5quadrans
Hadrian63 viewsRome Mint, 118 AD, 3.35g. O: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery over shoulder; R: VOT PVB in field, PM TR P COS III dot, Pietas standing right, raising both hands in prayer. RIC-141; RSC 1477.3 commentsNemonater
Hadrian RIC II, 15763 viewsHadrian 117 - 138
AR - Denar, 3.20g, 18mm
AD 125 - 128
bust with drapery on l. shoulder, laureate head r.
rev. COS III
Neptun standing l., cloak over r. thigh, r. foot on prora, holding
trident in l. hand, leaning with r. ellbow on r. knee and
holding dolphin in r. hand
RIC II, 157 var; C.710
added to

var. because normally Neptun is holding sceptre in l. hand!
1 commentsJochen
Hieron II63 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26 Litra.
Obverse- Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Reverse- Horseman prancing right, holding spear. Monogram in lower right field. In exergue: IEPONOS.
Sear 1222 var; SNG ANS 924, 26mm, 16.5g.
Bull - Gallienus63 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG, Bull standing right
Exergue:- XI
(purchased from the FORVM shop)
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #0263 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #02
avers: Illegible legend, ornament of kufic letters, border of dots.
revers: Cross, between four crosses and four dots, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-112_CNH-1-109_Huszar-111, Toth-Kiss sigla-variation-,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0263 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Roman Empire, Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia63 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -; Strack-

Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr

Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17 or Strack 13
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33 or Strack 18
4 commentsokidoki
Roman Empire, Trajan, 98-117 AD Denarius with Pietas. 63 viewsStruck 107 AD
Ag 3,0 g.
Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Pietas standing left holding sceptre and dropping inscense into lighted altar
Yuriy D
ACHAIA, Aigieon. 37-31 BC.63 viewsAE hexachalkon (5.67 g)
Theoxios and Kletaios, magistrates.
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Zeus standing right, holding eagle on outstretched arm and preparing to cast thunderbolt; ΘEOΞIOΣ KΛHTAIOΣ around. Kroll, Bronze 2; BCD Peloponnesos 436.

Located along the northern coast of the Peloponnesos, Achaia was a narrow territory between Sicyon and Elis. One theory suggests that Achaia’s original inhabitants were driven to the area from Achaia Phthoitis, which itself was located across the Gulf of Corinth in southern Thessaly. A number of prehistoric and Mycenaean ruins in the western part of the Achaia indicate that the district was long inhabited, even into remote antiquity. Twelve city-states were located there: Aigai, Aigira, Aigion, Bura, Dyme, Helike, Olenos, Patrai, Pherai, Pelene, Rhypes, and Tritaia. Achaian colonies were established in Magna Graecia at Kroton, Kaulonia, Metapontion, and Sybaris. From the mid-5th century onward, much of the history of Achaia is interconnected with the Achaian League.
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/563 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. .4gms. 8mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
1 commentsDino
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 63 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
VRBS Roma (330-335 A.D.)63 viewsAv.: VRBS ROMA
Rv.: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus
Ex.: TRP

AE Follis Ø17-19 / 2.7g
RIC VII 561 Trier
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain63 viewsCorrect units of measurementJohn Schou
National Association for the Jewish Blind63 viewsAE token, 31.5 mm., undated.

Obv: ••••• NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ••••• and FOR THE JEWISH BLIND in border along rim, man and woman walking with a cane in center.

Rev: HAPPINESS / YOU / WILL FIND in three rows above heart and WHEN YOU HELP THE BLIND below heart along rim.

Ref: None known.

Note: No information is known about this organization.
Kingdom of Jerusalem63 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem -- Imitation of Ayyubids of Damascus. Al-Salih Ismail, 1237, 1240-45 AD. AR Dirham. 1.8 gm. 20 mm.dpaul7
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria63 viewsAVGUS/TA IVLIA
Bust draped, right
Josifovski describes this reverse as Nike standing facing, head right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia, lotus flower on head; a very syncretic Nike-Demeter-Tyche-Ma-Isis. Unlisted die pair, the reverse is R99 of Josif. 250, the obverse is V33.
Cohen IV 271, BMCG 9, AMNG Gaebler 9
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #163 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers:-IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:-VENVS-CA-ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-243, p-, C-14,
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #163 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFF-P,
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,67g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
Julian II 'The Philosopher' (as Augustus)63 views361-363 AD
AE3 (19.8mm, 3.12g)
O: Diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding shield and spear; DN FL CL JVLIANVS AVG.
R: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; NIK[A] below.
Nicomedia mint, officina A.
RIC VIII Nicomedia, 123; ERIC II Julian 422; Elmer 132; Sear 4074v
Some smoothing, re-patinated.
ex Nemesis Ancients

"The end and aim of the Cynic philosophy, as indeed of every philosophy, is happiness, but happiness that consists in living according to nature, and not according to the opinions of the multitude. "
~ Julian
3 commentsEnodia
Julia Domna - RIC 57763 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171863 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
Late-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE63 viewsLate-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE
exergo: SMNK ??
diameter: 19mm
weight: 2,11g
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Thessalonica63 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Wearing Loros, Holding Scepter and Globus Cruciger
Large Module
Sear 2055
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VII 63 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (faithful and loyal Claudian legion) dates back to the four legions used by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars and played a crucial role in The Battle of Pharsalus in 58 BC, and it existed at least until the end of the 4th century, guarding middle Danube. The emblem of this legion, as well as of all Caesar's legions, was the bull, together with the lion.

Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesar's invasions of Britain.

Tiberius Claudius Maximus the Roman soldier who brought the head of Decebalus to emperor Trajan was serving in Legio VII Claudia.

2 commentsJay GT4
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!63 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
1 commentsquadrans
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #263 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//ε SIS •, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: a?,
Licinius I SECURITAS London mint63 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
Lucius Verus denarius Pax.jpg
Lucius Verus, AR denarius63 views1 commentsOptimus
Lucius Verus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus, Denarius63 viewsLucius Verus 161-169 A.D.

RIC 515
1 commentsBarry
Lycian Stater 2.jpg
Kherei, Lycian Dynast Silver Stater63 viewsKherei, Lycian Dynast Silver Stater, S. Hurter, INJ 14 (2000-2), pp. 15-18, pl. 2, 1/6, struck 410-390BC,
8.7 grams, 17.8 mm. Choice VF

Obv: Lion right, attacking bull standing left
Rev: Bull standing left, triskeles above, all within incuse square
These coins are only known with a very crude obverse strike due to worn dies. However I really like the reverse, and that makes up for the lack of a clear obverse. Actually this specimen has a faint motif if you look closely.
Another interesting thing is the four die cracks that starts from each corner of the incuse. This tell us the kind of force that was used during the striking. Maybe this explains the state of the obverse die?
Interesting coin all togheter.
1 commentsJan Terje R
L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio - Calpurnia-5a63 viewsRoman Republic. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio. 100 B.C. AR Denarius. (3.922 grams 17mm). Obverse: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, harpa; around, PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Reverse: Two male figures (Quaestors) seated on bench (subsellium) side by side; to l. and r., corn-ear; in exergue, AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Sydenham 603, Crawford 330/1a, RCV 210, RSC Calpurnia-5a2 commentsBud Stewart
L. Marcus Philippus - Marcia-2863 viewsL Marcus Philippus AR denarius (3.73 gm). 56 BC. Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus hehind, ANCVS below / equestrian statue on aquaduct, AQVA MAR between arches, PHILLIVS behind. Marcia 28, Sydenham 919, Crawford 425/1, RCV 382 Bud Stewart
Julia Maesa, AR denarius63 viewsOptimus
Magnentius Centenionalis63 viewsMagnentius AE Centenionalis
Obv: DN MAGNEN-TIVS PF AVG / A behind bust
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, barbarian in front of horse,bare-headed.
Emperor doesn't have shield.
Mintmark RQ

D: 22 mm
RIC VIII Rome 209 ( 351-352)

Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.63 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
90 - 01 - MARIO 268 D.C.63 viewsAE Antoninianus 21 mm 2.82 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a der.
Rev: "VICTO[RIA] AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izq., portando una corona de hojas de olivo en mano der. y hoja de palma en izq.

Acuñada 268 D.C.
Ceca: II Indeterminada
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.Vb #17 Pag.378 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11123 Pag.378 - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.89 - DVM #7 Pag.269 - Cunetio #2508/9 - Hunter #9 - Schulzki #7b - AGK #7a/8a - Elmer #637/8/9 - Mairat #239
1 commentsmdelvalle
Marti Pacifero Cldc63 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #0163 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #01
avers:- +•MONETA•MAThIE•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- REGIS•h-VnGARIAE•, Patriarchal cross in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-S, by Stephan Kowách (Pohl 202-1).
date: 1461 A.D., ref: Unger-554.b, CNH-2-218, Huszar-702,
1 commentsquadrans
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,63 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG-G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Maximianus coded - A with HP - RIC V, 582 var.63 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 4.37g, 23.2mm
Siscia 1. officina, 290
bare bust, radiate head r.
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, shouldering club and lion's skin, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
l. field: A
exergue: dot XXI dot HP dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 582 var., unrecorded; not in Cohen
R; good VF, rest of silvering, thick flan
added to

RIC 582 has obv. legend only P AVG, and bust type 'cuirassed' not 'bare'!

HP, 1st group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at
2 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I, Denarius63 viewsMaximinus I 235-238 A.D.

RIC 19
2 commentsBarry
Roman, MAXIMINUS63 viewsAR denarius. 236 AD. 3,28 grs. Laureate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP MAXIMINUS PIUS AVG. / Salus enthroned left, feeding serpent rising from altar. SALVS AVGVSTI.
C. 85. RSC 85. RIC 14.
Medieval, #12,63 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Medieval, #02,63 viewsMedieval, #02,quadrans
L. Minucius63 viewsL Minucius denarius. 133 BC.
Helmeted head of Roma / Jupiter in quadriga.
Sear #125, Cr248/1, Syd 470
1 commentsPetrus Blasimus
moneta 578.jpg
Constantine I, Aquileia - RIC VII 5763 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
rev: VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT XX. Two captives seated on either side of standard inscribed VOT XX.
left field: S
right field: F
exergue: dot AQP dot
Struck 320 A.D. at Aquileia
RIC VII 57 (R4)
Van Meter 92
Lydia, Mostene, Tyche / Hermes, AE1863 views18mm, 3.39g
obv: ΛV - ΔΩN; turreted and draped bust of Tyche right
rev: MOCT - HNΩN; Hermes standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys, holding caduceus and purse, at his feet to left, ram

SNG Aulock -; BMC -; SNG Leypold -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; SNG Tübingen -; SNG München -
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon63 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Æ 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,63 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,
avers:- NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP, Laureate head right.
revers:- CER-QVINQ-ROM-CO, SC in ex, mark of value S on table, urn and a wreath set on a table, two griffins on front panel, round shield resting against leg.
exergo: -/-//S-C, diameter: 18mm, weight: 4,35g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 A.D., ref: RIC-234, C-47,
005 Claudius AR Denarius63 viewsClaudius AR Denarius. 41-54 AD. Rome mint Struck 46-47 AD.
(17.28 mm 3.62 gr).
Obv: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, Constantia seated left of curule chair, hand raised to face. RIC 32 (R2), RSC 8 BMC 31. Ex: AU Capital Management LLC

2 commentsorfew
Orodes III, AE Drachm63 viewsOrodes III, 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing left, wearing a diadem tiara with an anchor on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Radiate and draped bust of Artemis right. Greek legend around bust

Weight: 3.5 grams

van't Haaff 16.1.1-1
de Morgan 23 (Orodes I)
Sear GIC 5892
BMC 28 254 16ff
2 commentsHoward Cole
Otacilia Severa, Concordia63 viewsM OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

Concordia seated left sacrificing over alter and holding cornucopia

RIC 126 Rome (year 247)
Ant; 3.71g; 22-24mm

I'm unsure of the nature of the blemish on the front and back- it looks as though maybe something had been welded on, maybe for jewelry and then removed.
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King63 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Panther left with sword. Rev.: Ibex right. Reference: Luschin 71a.dpaul7
Agrippa II PANIAS mint63 viewsAgrippa II, 56-95 AD, bronze of 17 mm.
Bust of Nero to right
Wreath with Greek legend naming BOTH Agrippa II and Nero within. ΠΙΕ\ΒΑΣΙΛΕ\ΑΓΡΙΠΠ\ΝΕΡΩ\ΝΙΕ

Hendin 582. This is the middle of three denominations of this early type of Agrippa II as king.
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD.63 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.00 g).
Obverse- Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Reverse- Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and sceptre; altar before.
RIC IV 45; RSC 170.

The ROMAE AETERNAE reverse comes both with and without the altar before Roma. In the Eauze hoard, the variety without the altar was 3 time more plentiful than that with the altar.
Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,63 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
Picture 005.jpg
Coponius63 viewsPrefect: 6-9 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Grain-ear KAICA POC
Reverse: Palm Tree L AS
Date: Year 36 = 6 AD
Reference: Hendin 635
John K
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0363 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 63 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
Postumus PM TRP COS III PP RIC 55_2.jpg
Postumus PM TRP COS III PP RIC V/2 5563 viewsAnt, 22mm, 2.43g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: PM TRP COS III PP, Emperor standing L with spear & globe.

Trier, Issue 2, Officina B. 260-1 AD.

RIC V/2 55, Common.

This is evidently an engraver's error, as Postumus was COS II in 260-1, when he was TRP I, and this is as stated on the common dated coin of this year. I have two of these, from different dies, so evidently the mistake was repeated.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Unspecified Eastern mint, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter with victory,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Unspecified Eastern mint, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter with victory,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Unspecified Eastern mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 1st. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-1, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-C, A//XXI, Female and Emperor, #163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-C, A//XXI, Female and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Female standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, date: 281 A.D., 4th. emiss., 1st., off., ref: RIC V-II 925, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 190, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-??
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #263 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #2
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- VICTOR-IA-GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,
avers:- IMP-PRO_BVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (6,G)
revers:- VICTO_RIA_AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergo: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 18-21mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 214, p-40, C-741,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Lydia, Philadelphia, Tyche / Apollo63 viewstime of Septimius Severus
AE20, 4.3g
obv: FILADELFEWN; turreted bust of Tyche right
rev: Apollo standing left, holding lyre, branch
BMC Lydia, p.191, #32; SNG Leypold 1109 (same dies)
Ptolemy I Soter63 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I, 323-283 BC. Bronze.
Obverse- Deified Head of Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse- PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS, eagle with open wings standing on thunderbolt to left.; between legs E.
Svoronos 439, SNG Cop 158, 24mm, 11.94gm.
2 commentsb70
PUERTO RICO63 viewsPUERTO RICO - 1896 10 Centavos, Alfonso XIII. Obv.: Bust of Alphonso III left. Rev.: Crowned Spanish arms, Pillars of Hercules flanking. Reference: KM-21dpaul7
Schjöth 1466, Hartill 6.58-59 Type B1, KM 39063 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1740-1745 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), 25 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

Type B coins have smaller characters than Type A coins, a Z yi, a closed head tong, a round head boo, and no privy marks. Type B1 coins have a broad rims, a distinct gap between the os of boo, and a diameter around 25 mm.

Hartill rarity 11
1 commentsStkp
RI 064ak img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50963 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 101b img.jpg
101 - Volusian Antoninianus - RIC 18763 viewsObv:– IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing, head left, holding shield and spear; star in right field
Reference:– Van Meter 101/2. RIC 187, RSC 88
2 commentsmaridvnvm
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, B//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, B//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers: CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921, p-120,
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #1
avers: M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCIP-I-IVV-ENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axes:11h,
mint: Rome, 1st. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
248363 viewsIMP POSTVMVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Concordia left holding rudder
Milan Mint, Issue 3
Cunetio 2483
1 commentsmauseus
76 Trier63 viewsLRBC I 76
1 commentsmauseus
Roman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,63 viewsRoman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,
type: Gagat-bracelet,
size: 65-71x5,5mm,
weight: 10,02g,
date: ??? A.D.,
distribution:??? ,
RPC-1940-Vespasian63 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 13.00g
Antioch mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 1940 (7 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPAT KAIΣA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: (T) ΦΛAYI OYEΣΠ KAIΣ ETOYΣ NEOY IEPOY; Laureate Head of Titus, r.; in l. field, star; in r. field, B
Ex CNG E357, 12 August 2015, lot 259.

This regnal year 2 tetradrachm in "Alexandrian" style was most likely struck in Alexandria and then sent to Syria for circulation. Kevin Butcher speculates these "Alexandrian" styled tets were ordered by the southern Syrian cities from the Alexandria mint for circulation in that part of the province. It's of interest to note that these tetradrachms in which Titus' portrait is featured on the reverse may have been circulating in the region where he commanded the legions fighting the Jewish War. The star in the reverse left field may be some sort of mint control mark.

Although the flan is somewhat flatly stuck near the bottom and the surfaces a bit rough, in hand it's a really nice piece. The main attraction here is the fine portrait of Titus on the reverse.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC-2468-Titus63 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.30g
Alexandria mint, 80-81 AD
RPC 2468 (14 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK TITOY KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB; Head of Titus, laureate, r.
Rev: ΣAPAΠIΣ; bust of Sarapis, r., date LΓ before bust
Acquired from Zurqieh, October 2015.

During Titus' brief reign Alexandria only struck coinage for regnal years 2 and 3. This tetradrachm from regnal year 3 features the very standard Egyptian reverse type of Sarapis, a type not minted for Vespasian's tetradrachms.

Struck in a pleasing 'Alexandrian' style.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
Septimius Severus denarius63 viewsRIC 503a (3,4 gm, 18 mm).
Mint of Laodicea, 198-202 AD.

Sharp & lustrous.
Strange & attractive detail - real golden coating after deletion of patina!
This is not coloring!

1 commentsneander
63 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
Augusta Traiana Caracalla Sicinnius Clarus63 viewsCaracalla as co-emperor
Governor Q. Sicinnius Clarus Po[ntianus?] 202AD cf. Stein Reichsbeamte Thracia p.46-7
AE27 13.65g
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
City gate with three turrets with battlements

Obverse legend worn away, reverse more detail, dull black patina
Cf. BMC 11 under Trajanopolis; Schönert-Geiss Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis p. 86 # 228 reverse depicted Tafel 10; Mionnet Supp. 2 p.511 #1809 (Trajanopolis)
M & M cites Trell 247, 79 in addition to confirming my attributions above.
The legend is slightly different from the British Museum specimen (=#230). I think this reverse die is more common. Placement of kappa in relation to central tower is an indication of die.

This coin appears to be from Righetti’s collection M & M Auction 15 (21 10 2004) lot 77 Righetti Teil IV!

No tags from auction nor Righetti’s own
1 commentsPetrus Elmsley
Septimius Severus Consecratio63 views Bare head right of Septimius Severus/Throne with wreath. 19.5 mm. RIC (Caracalla) 191E [as Scarce]; C. 87. Ex CNG 47 (16 IX 98), lot 17913 commentsfordicus
Arcadia, Phigalia. Septimius Severus. BCD Peloponnesos 1644 var. 63 viewsÆ20. Arcadia, Phigalia. Septimius Severus (AD 193–211), laureate head to r., bare bust. Legend mostly illegible. Rev., Dionysus to l., holding cantharus and thyrsus. ΦI - [A?]Λ - EΩN. BCD Peloponnesos 1644 var. (CNG notes: "unpublished in the standard references."). Ex. Collegium Josephinum Bonn, 2-14-2010.

Possibly same obverse die as CNG 81, Lot 2910:
Mark Fox
Severus Alexander, 222 - 235 AD 63 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander facing right.

Rev: LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing holding abacus and cornucopia.

Silver Denarius, Antioch mint, 222 - 223 AD

3.3 grams, 18.5 mm, 180°

RIC IVii 149, RSC 108a, S7875, VM 19
SPQR Coins
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) (plate coin)63 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, his grandmother, AD 222-235
AE 26, 10.86g, 26.29mm, 0°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
confronted busts of Alexander, draped and cuirassed seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Iulia Maesa, diademed, draped, l.
Serpent half erected r., in four elaborate coils
E in upper l. field (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1062 var. (in ex. TWN, E in r.field)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1875 var. (same)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. (plate coin)
very rare, good SS
added to
3 commentsJochen
Side, Pamphylia AR Tetradrachm63 viewsCirca 155-36 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, Side mint, weight 16.287g, maximum diameter 31.5mm, die axis 0o, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, pomegranate left, KLE-YX (magistrate's name KLEUCHARES?) below; nice centering. EF.


In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
1 commentsJason T
Poland, Sigismund III.,(Vasa), (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, 1/4-AR-Talar-18-Gross, Kopicki 7506, 63 viewsPoland, Sigismund III.,(Vasa), (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, 1/4-AR-Talar-18-Gross, Kopicki 7506,
Avers: SIGIS:III:D:G•REX•POL:M:D:L•R:PR•, Crowned and armored bust in ruffled collar, right; 1-6 flanking.
Revers: ornament-MONETA:CIVIT:GEDANENSIS, Lions supporting city arms (shield on crowned double cross); •25• above.
diameter: 29mm, weight: 6,55g, axis: 0h,
mint mark: , mint: Danzig (Gdansk), date: 1625 A.D.,
ref: Kopicki 7806, HCz 1523, Gumowski ,
Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, 485 - 420 B.C.63 viewsSilver siglos, Carradice Type IIIb (early), plate XII, 16 ff.(online source); SGCV II 4682; (Carradice NC 1998 pl. 7, 168; Carradice Price p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff.), banker's marks on Obv., Rev, & edge; weight 5.54 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Obv. Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, spear in right, quiver on right shoulder, bow in left, bearded, crowned (off flan); Rev. irregular oblong punch; Light toning in low areas, a few light scratches.

Background Info:
The later kings of Persia, successors of Darius I, continued in the tradition established by that monarch, issuing gold darics and silver sigloi for circulation in western Anatolia. The Lydian capitol of Sardeis, the center of Persian power in the area, was undoubtedly the principal mint, though other cities may have assisted in the production of this enormous coinage. The kneeling archer, with oblong punch on rev., remained the sole type for this Persian imperial coinage down to Alexander's conquest in 330 B.C. Sear GCV II p.426

Many silgoi bear small countermarks, possibly the signets of money changers. A large number of emblems have been recorded. Sear GCV II p.427

2 commentsSteve E
Methymna, Lesbos obol, Silen/ turtle63 views7mm, 0.39g
obv: facing head of Silenos
rev: turtle
(350 - 240 BC)
(Franke Methymna 170, 18A; cf. Klein 793)
2 commentsareich
sphinx63 viewsChios , 10mm , 0.99gXLi
Caracalla, Stobi63 viewsAe 24mm; 5.4g

Laureate and draped bust right

Nike on globe left with wreath and palm branch

Unlisted dies
1 commentsarizonarobin
SUNGA DYNASTY (185 - 75 B.C.)63 viewsÆ ½ KARSHAPANA
O: Bull, elephant, swastika and staff symbols.
R: Hill, cross and tree symbols.
14 x 15mm
3 commentsMat
Syracuse Tetradrachm Boehringer.59663 viewsSICILY, Syracuse.
Circa 440-430 BC.
Tetradrachm (17.27 gm)
Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning horses; ketos swimming left in exergue

SY-PAKOSION, head of Arethusa right wearing earrings and necklace with pendant, hair tied with two hair bands, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Boehringer 596 (V294/R402); SNG ANS 194 (same dies); SNG Lockett 947 (same dies); Kraay-Hirmer pl. 30, 89 (reverse die illustrated).

beautiful portrait
rare coin
1 commentsgb29400
Titus RIC 4163 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Teodosio I, zecca di Antiochia (383-395 d.C.)63 viewsAE4, 11 mmm, 1,28 gr. (383-395 d.C.)
D/ DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, busto perlato-diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Vittoria che avanza a sx, portando un trofeo sulla spalla e trascinando un prigioniero; ANT D (delta) in ex
RIC IX Antiochia 67b
NOTA: identificato sul forum FAC in italiano, presentato dal venditore canadese (ACC, Richmond Hill, Ontario) come imitazione vandala di Valentiniano II
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 giugno 2010, numero catalogo 112), ex dr. Alexander Fishman collection (Ancient Coins, Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada, fino al 2010).
Terra Sigillata #03, Gladiator 01,63 viewsTerra Sigillata #03, Gladiator 01,
type:Terra Sigillata
size: mm,
weight: g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
THEODORA AE4 AD337-34063 viewsobv: FL.MAX.THEO-DORAE.AVG (diademed, draped bust right)
rev: PIETAS.ROMANA / TRS (Pietas standing facing, holding a child at her breast)
ref: RIC VIII-Trier56
1.50g, 15.5mm
Theodora was the 2nd wife of Constantius I & step-daughter of Maximianus. These coins were commemorative struck after her death.
Titus L throne.jpg
Titus RIC-12063 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 120 (C), BMC 56, RSC 314
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Square seat, draped with cloth hanging in folds, above which is a winged thunderbolt, lying horizontal: ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno)
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2007.

Same type as BMCRE 51 but with the left facing portrait.

A pleasing portrait, even if the coin itself is a bit off-center.

Titus as Caesar63 viewsTITUS, as Caesar. 79-81 AD. Æ As 28mm 8.6 gm. Struck 74 AD. O: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS III CENS, laureate head left R: VICTORIA AVGVST, S C across field, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm. RIC 755 (Vespasian); BMCRE 711A (Vespasian) note var. (head right); cf. Cohen 363.

This obverse legend is only known on one coin paired with this reverse type (BMCRE 711A note), but that coin's obverse has Titus facing right. The references mentioned are from the only other example I could find online. I believe this is the third published left facing example.

The Victoria Avgvst, Avgvsti and Navalis Victory on the prow types probably commemorate Titus' pursuit of the Jews at Tarichæa on rafts, and the same circumstance doubtless explains why Titus brought a large number of ships with him when he entered Rome in triumph.
4 commentsNemonater
Titus RIC-12963 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 129 (C), BMC 80, RSC 323
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod with fillets; above, dolphin
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, October 2008.

Rarer left facing portrait of the type. The right facing example was probably minted at a ratio of 10:1 compared to the left facing.

Another tough coin to track down. Nicely centered with a better than average portrait.
1 commentsvespasian70
Titus RIC-10363 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 103(R2), BMC p. 230 note, RSC 307
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Captives, two, back to back, seated either side of trophy (woman on l., man on r.)
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Issued in 80 AD, this denarius most likely commemorates a victory by Agricola in northern Britain. Interestingly enough, this coin is an English metal detectorist find.

I didn't expect to come across this type for some time...but it was offered to me and I couldn't say no! The lovely portrait is a nice bonus.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD63 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
Trajan AR Denarius, Abundantia standing left. RIC 16663 viewsTrajan Den “Abundantia and galley” Trajan AD 98-117 Silver Denarius “Rome feeds her people” Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P- Laureate head right, draped left shoulder Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI - Abundantia standing left, holding corn ears over modius filled with corn ears, cornucopia and to her right rear, a galley. Rome mint: AD 103-104 /2.81 g. RIC II 166; BMCRE 169; RSC 467a.3 commentsmattpat
AE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #0163 viewsAE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #01
distribution: ???
date: ???
ref: ???
utrecht lion daalder.jpg
UTRECHT - Netherlands Lion Daalder63 viewsUTRECHT - Netherlands AR Lion Daalder, 1680. Rosette mintmark. Obv.: Knight (without helmet plume) over shield with lion. Rev.: Rampant lion left. Reference: KM#72.dpaul7
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-065, #1263 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-065, #12
avers:- Cross on line, imitation of cufic legend around; border of dots.
revers:- Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-065, CHN-1-118, Huszar-139,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Vespasian-RIC-142263 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1422 (R), BMC 447, RSC 289, RPC 826 (4 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped female bust, r.; below, BY

This was a tough one to ID. The obverse legend is not the most legible at a crucial area - the COS date. Upon having it in hand I can see it is COS II. The reverse should have one of two mint marks below the bust, but it is completely worn away. Luckily I found a reverse die match, amazingly the RIC plate coin for 1422, putting this denarius in group 4 with the BY mint mark.

A decent coin with excellent toning and in fine Ephesian style. Much better in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.63 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A63 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
30-01 - AELIO (136 - 138 D.C.)63 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "L AELIVS CAESAR" - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TR POT COS II" - Pietas (La Piedad) estante a der. ante un altar, levantando su mano der. y sosteniendo su vestido con izq. "PIETAS" en los campos.

Acuñada 137 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #438 Pag.393 - RSC Vol.II #36 Pag. 163 - BMCRE Vol.II #989 - Cohen Vol.II #36 Pag.261 - DVM #4/2 var. Pag.133 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3971 Pag.199 - St. Vol.I #389 - Hill UCR #840
2 commentsmdelvalle
Vespasian RIC 15 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian Judaea Capta, RIC 1563 viewsVespasian
AR Denarius
Rome Mint. 69-70 A.D.
18.2mm. 3.09g.
Die Alignment: 180 degrees
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right.
Rev: [NO LEGEND] - Captive Jewess seated right, in the attitude of mourning, trophy of captured arms behind.
Ref: RIC 15. BMC 35. Sear 2296. Cohen 226. RSC 226. VM 32.
Notes: Ex Barry P. Murphy. This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judea Capta issues. - Excerpt taken from FORVM catalogue.
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius63 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT/XX - Constantine II63 viewsAE3, London, 320 - 321
3.28gm, 19mm
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
R: Standard inscribed VOT / XX in two lines, captives seated on either side.

RIC VII.190 (S), ex. Allen Berman
Paul DiMarzio
Moesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #163 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS-C-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding branch in righ hand, transverse sceptre surmounted by a small figure of victory in left hand, between an bull and a lion.
exergo: -/-//AN XI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-126, PM-3-06-8,
Taras, Calabria63 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Vrbs Roma / Constantinopolis (mule)63 viewsTrier (?)
very scarce
Constantinople CONSS63 viewsConstantine had altogether more ambitious plans. Having restored the unity of the empire, now overseeing the progress of major governmental reforms and sponsoring the consolidation of the Christian church, Constantine was well aware that Rome had become an unsatisfactory capital for several reasons. Located in central Italy, Rome lay too far from the eastern imperial frontiers, and hence also from the legions and the Imperial courts. Moreover, Rome offered an undesirable playground for disaffected politicians; it also suffered regularly from flooding and from malaria.

It seemed impossible to many that the capital could be moved. Nevertheless, Constantine identified the site of Byzantium as the correct place: a city where an emperor could sit, readily defended, with easy access to the Danube or the Euphrates frontiers, his court supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of Roman Asia, his treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the empire.

Constantine laid out the expanded city, dividing it into 14 regions, and ornamenting it with great public works worthy of a great imperial city. Yet initially Constantinople did not have all the dignities of Rome, possessing a proconsul, rather than a prefect of the city. Furthermore, it had no praetors, tribunes or quaestors. Although Constantinople did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. Constantinople also lacked the panoply of other administrative offices regulating the food supply, police, statues, temples, sewers, aqueducts or other public works. The new program of building was carried out in great haste: columns, marbles, doors and tiles were taken wholesale from the temples of the empire and moved to the new city. Similarly, many of the greatest works of Greek and Roman art were soon to be seen in its squares and streets. The emperor stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates in Asiana and Pontica, and on 18 May 332 he announced that, as in Rome, free distributions of food would be made to citizens. At the time the amount is said to have been 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

Constantinople was a Greek Orthodox Christian city, lying in the most Christianised part of the Empire. Justinian ordered the pagan temples of Byzantium to be deconstructed, and erected the splendid Church of the Holy Wisdom, Sancta Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia in Greek), as the centrepiece of his Christian capital. He oversaw also the building of the Church of the Holy Apostles, and that of Hagia Irene.

Constantine laid out anew the square at the middle of old Byzantium, naming it the Augusteum. Sancta Sophia lay on the north side of the Augusteum. The new senate-house (or Curia) was housed in a basilica on the east side. On the south side of the great square was erected the Great Palace of the emperor with its imposing entrance, the Chalke, and its ceremonial suite known as the Palace of Daphne. Located immediately nearby was the vast Hippodrome for chariot-races, seating over 80,000 spectators, and the Baths of Zeuxippus (both originally built in the time of Septimius Severus). At the entrance at the western end of the Augusteum was the Milion, a vaulted monument from which distances were measured across the Eastern Empire.

From the Augusteum a great street, the Mese, led, lined with colonnades. As it descended the First Hill of the city and climbed the Second Hill, it passed on the left the Praetorium or law-court. Then it passed through the oval Forum of Constantine where there was a second senate-house, then on and through the Forum of Taurus and then the Forum of Bous, and finally up the Sixth Hill and through to the Golden Gate on the Propontis. The Mese would be seven Roman miles long to the Golden Gate of the Walls of Theodosius.

Constantine erected a high column in the middle of the Forum, on the Second Hill, with a statue of himself at the top, crowned with a halo of seven rays and looking towards the rising sun.

RIC VII Constantinople 61 C1
Weight-Q-017_AE_63 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
yong li A.jpg
CHINA - YONG LI (YONGMING, PRINCE OF GUI)63 viewsSouthern Ming Dynasty, Yongming, Prince of Gui - Yong Li Reign Title, 1646-1659. Large Letter variety. H-21.45, S-1296. dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I AR Antoninianus / Roma reverse63 viewsAttribution: RIC 44b (RIC IV, Part III), Cohen 169

Mint: Rome

Date: 246-247 AD

Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, draped bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE; Roma seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side

Size: 23mm x 24mm

Weight: 4.28 grams

Ex CNG, Electronic Auction 121, Lot 243, September 2005
1 commentsAnemicOak
ZEUGITANA_ Augustus.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. Augustus63 viewsObverse: Bare head left
Reverse: P P/D D across field
Mint : Carthage, ZEUGITANA
Date : Struck AD 10
Reference : RPC 745.14 (this coin); MAA 102; SNG Copenhagen 417
Grade : Fine
Weight : 5.57g
Denom : As
Metal : AE
Dealer : CNG
Acquired: 14/05/08
Comments : black-green patina, traces of red and green deposits, From the Patrick Villemur Collection
Byzantine Empire: Nonnos Lead Seal (6th-7th Century AD)63 viewsNonnos Lead Seal (6th-7th Century AD)

Obv: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings spread, supporting block monogram NONNOV
Rev: NON | NOV within wreath
Size: 22mm
Wgt: 7.94g
L. Flaminius Cilo63 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
Julius Caesar62 viewsA (very) small contribution to the Juilius Caesar set contest...

Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
3 commentsPotator II
L. Scribonius Libo, Denarius62 viewsRome mint, 62 BC
BON EVENT LIBO, head of Bonus Eventus right
PVTEAL SCRIBON, the puteal scribonianum, ornamented with garland between two lyres and hammer
3.95 gr
Ref : RCV # 367, RSC, Scribonia # 8a
Potator II
AR denarius. 69 AD. Laureate head right. IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG / Livia standing left, holding patera and scepter.DIVA AVGVSTA . RIC 186. RSC 55.

He showed marked respect to Livia Augusta, to whose favor he owed great influence during her lifetime and by whose last will he almost became a rich man; for he had the largest bequest among her legatees, one of fifty million sesterces. But because the sum was designated in figures and not written out in words, Tiberius, who was her heir, reduced the bequest to five hundred thousand, and Galba never received even that. Suetonius 5.2
With this coin Galba wished to demonstrate continuity with the Julio-Claudian dinasty that had ruled for the last century, through his close friendship with Livia.

SELEUCID KINGDOM, ANTIOCH, 154-153 BC62 viewsTetradrachm, 30mm, 16.81g, 1h
Demetrios I, Soter.

O. Diademed head right within laurel wreath
R. Tyche, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right; ΔΗΜ-ΗΤPΙΟV, ΣΩΤ-ΗPΟΣ to left, ΠΑ and ANT monograms outer left, ΘΝΡ=159 (Seleukid Era)=154-153 BC in exergue

Newell SMA 107; SC 1641.4a; HGC 9, 798.

Ex Fredy Vortisch Collection
4 commentsAZRobbo
Trajan, Antoninianus62 viewsRome mint AD 250/251
DIVO TRAIANO Radiate head right, wearing light drapery on left shoulder
CONSECRATIO Eagle facing
3.12 gr
Ref : RIC IV # 85a, Cohen # 666, RCV # 9470
in qblay's catalog : TR16/A147
2 commentsPotator II
Diva Faustina II, Sestertius62 viewsPosthumous issue, Rome mint, after AD 176
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right
SIDERIBVS RECEPTA, Diana standing right, holding a torch, SC in field
19.76 gr
Ref : Cohen # 215, RCV # 5233 v
Potator II
Egypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,62 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,62 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Trajan Decius Sestertius62 viewsRIC IVc 126d Rome, C 117
13.77 g, 28 mm x 29 mm
IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust right from behind
VICTORIA AVG S-C, Victory advancing left with wreath & palm branch
2 commentsMark Z2
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,62 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-VII-IMP-IIII-COS-III-P-P, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181-82 A.D., ref: RIC-III-025, p-369, C-821,824,
Carus62 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
RV: Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre /"B" in left field
Ex: -
RIC 13
2 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
05. Philip III.62 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
Florianus, Antoninianus62 viewsLyon mint, 3rd emission, 1st officina
IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from front (A)
TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing raight, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left hand. I at exergue (1st officina)
4.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 11874v., Bastien # 146 pl. XVI, RIC # 12, C # 89, La Venèra hoard # II.2/2632
5 commentsPotator II
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,62 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- MAP-AV-KAI-ANTΩNINO, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012), p-187
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,62 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) p-393
Galerius, Follis - 007562 viewsTrier mint, c. AD 303-305
MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head towered, wearing chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, left cornucopiae; S | F in field, PTR at exergue
8.41 gr 28 mm
Ref : RCV # 14349 (90), C # 83, RIC VI, Trier, 594b

Superbe, avec toute son argenture, frappe vigoureuse
2 commentsPotator II
Bithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #162 viewsBithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #262 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #162 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: FORTVNA-REDVX, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopia, wheel below throne.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 243 A.D.(5th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-144, p-31, RSC-98,
Severus II as Caesar Follis62 viewsRIC VI 660 Trier
26 mm x 28 mm, 10.51 gm
F L VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES, laureate & cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI S-F, Genius standing left, tower on head & holding patera & cornucopiae,
PTR in ex.
Same dies as Roma Numis. Auction III (03-31-12), Lot 544
(Thanks to Dane/Helvetica for a correction in the description!)
1 commentsMark Z
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),62 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers: Eirene/Pax standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, L-Δ left at foot.
exerg: LΔ/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 6,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., LΔ Year 4., ref: Emmet-3986, Milne 4551, Geissen-3139, Dattari-5530, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.19-p-339,
Nerva Denarius - Priestly Implements (RIC 23)62 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 97 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Nerva (R)

Rev: Priestly Implements
Ladle, Sprinkler, Jug and Lituus
COS III PP above

RIC 23 RSC 52.
4 commentsKained but Able
Constantius II, RIC VII 118, Heraclea62 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Bust: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
2 soldiers standing to either side of two standards.
Exe: (dot) SMHA
Date: 330-341 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "R2"
Nike right62 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Julia Domna. Æ 31. A.D. 193-217 (struck around A.D. 200?). Obv: (IOVΛIA-CEBACTH)?. Draped bust right; Countermark behind neck. Rev: (CEOVHPEIAΦIΛAΔEΛΦEIA?), NIKAIEΩN beneath. Head of Caracalla to right, facing head of Geta to left. Ref: BMC -; SNG Aul -; SNG Cop -. Axis: 210°. Weight: 20.41g. CM: Nike standing right, in oval punch, 7 x 8 mm. Howgego 254 (94 pcs). Note: The Nike probably referred to the city and not a specific victory. Collection Automan.Automan
Gratian AE 262 views4.5 g, 21.7 x 22.0 mm.

RIC 26a2 for Siscia. Minted 378-383 AD.

OBV.: Gratian right, DN GRATIANVS PF AVG.

REV.: Gratian raising kneeling turreted figure, REPARATIO REIPVB, BSISC in exergue.
4 commentsTLP
Maximinus Thrax sestertius62 viewsSesterce Maximin 1er
- Sesterce, Maximin 1er, 235-236 (Bronze) C.100 - RIC.67 - BMC/RE.27
Avers : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Maximin Ier à droite vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2) ; portrait B.
Revers : Victoria (la Victoire), drapée et ailée, allant à droite, brandissant une couronne de la main droite et tenant une palme de la main gauche. VICTO-RI-A AVG SC.
2 commentsbgaut
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.62 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him £15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
18262 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars stg right, leaning on shield, spear in hand
London mint
RIC 182
1893 VICTORIA BRONZE "BUN HEAD" HALFPENNY62 viewsObverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D: "Bun head" bust of Queen Victoria with elderly features facing left.
Reverse: HALF PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; in left background, a lighthouse and in right background, a ship; 1893 in exergue.
Diameter 25mm
SPINK: 3956

Victoria's "bun head" portrait was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 - 1891), he was the eldest son of William Wyon, who had previously designed the "young head" portrait of the Queen. The letters L C WYON are incuse amongst the ornamentation of the Queen's dress.
From 1881 heraldic colouring was added to Britannia's shield on the reverse.
Germany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1939-A. 62 viewsGermany. Third Reich. .9000 silver 5-marks 1939-A. 1847-1934 PAUL VON HINDENBURG, head right / DEUTSCHES REICH 1939, Eagle perched on wreath containing swastika divides value.

KM 93
Lampsakos, Mysia62 views390-330 BC
AR Trihemiobol (10mm, 1.32g)
O: Janiform female head, wearing tainia and earring.
R: Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet.
SNG France 1195; Sear 3893; BMC 15 83,43
1 commentsEnodia
France. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 179362 viewsFrance. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 1793. REPUBLIQUE FRANCOISE LAN II / LIBERTE EGALITE, scales and laurel wreath

AA mintmark
KM 122a.1
1 commentsoneill6217
2247LG bk.jpg
Attica, Athens. After 449 BC. AR Obol (0.63 gm)62 viewsAttica, Athens.
After 449 BC.
AR Obol (0.63 gm).
Obv.: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev.: Owl standing right; olive sprig above.
SNG Copenhagen 53.
Porous, good fine.
1 commentsJericho
Large head right62 viewsUncertain mint. Æ 22. 1st century A.D. ? Obv: Inscription illegible. Outline of imperial bust right; countermark on bust. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 6.42 g. CM: Large head right, in rectangular punch, 7 x 9 mm. Howgego -. Collection AutomanAutoman
28-Julia Domna Stobi.JPG
Julia Domna Stobi #162 viewsAE 24, 196-211 AD
Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bare, draped bust right.
Rev:MVNICI STOBEN, Nike facing, wings spread, holding wreath and palm, wheel at her feet.
24mm, 6.2gm
Moushmov 6544.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
281 Sept Sev.jpg
Septimius Severus, RIC 97, Rome62 viewsObv: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII
Bust: Laureate Head right
Hercules standing right holding club on ground in right hand and bow in left, lionskin over left arm.
Date: 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 AD
Denom: Denarius
RIC 97, S 6284

Purchased from Forvm
1 commentsBluefish
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III62 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Glass Bottle, Late 2nd - 4th Century A.D.62 viewsOlive-green bottle; Isings Form 102a, cf. Ontario Museum 209
12.7 cm (5") tall
Choice, clear olive-green, cylindrical body widening slightly from shoulder to base,
flat shoulder, cylindrical short neck, flared rim
intact with some cracks, attractive weathering
Ex: FORVM, Alex Malloy Collection
(Notes and Picture from FORVM website)
3 commentsMark Z
Eukratides62 viewsEukratides Tetradrachm
36 mm 16.45 gm
Helmeted head of Eukratides right
The Dioscuri prancing right
1 commentsKoffy
crw 183/1 . Roman Republic, Anonymous Æ As. 169-158 BC.62 viewsRoman Republic, Anonymous Æ As. 169-158 BC.
31mm, 29.31g. Rome mint.
Obverse:Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above .
Reverse:Prow of galley right; above, she-wolf standing right, head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; I (mark of value) to right.
Crawford 183/1.
Ex UBS 59, lot 6123 (January 2004) . Ex RBW Collection. Ex JHE .
1 commentsVladislav D
TROAS, Birytis62 viewsTROAS, Birytis. Circa 350-300 BC. Æ 11mm. Head of Kabeiros left, wearing pileos; two stars above / Club within wreath. SNG München -; SNG Copenhagen 249.2 commentsMolinari
AE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #1and #262 viewsAE-very-thin Application, Single sided, #1and #2
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
Q-001, Q-002,
Roman ??? AE object #00162 viewsRoman ??? AE object #001
type: Roman ??? AE object,
size: 55x38,5x4,5mm,
weight: 22,58g,
date: A.D.,
ref: ???,
distribution: ???,
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)62 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Alexander III the Great, Silver Drachm, c.323 BC, Macedonian Kingdom, Colophon Mint. 62 views
Head of Herakles right, wearing lion-skin headdress
Zeus seated left, his right leg drawn back, feet on stool, eagle in right hand, scepter in left

Grain in left field, spear head in right field behind name 18mm,4.27g
3 commentssuperflex
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0162 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople62 viewsObv: Emperors with Labarum
Rev: Patriarchal Cross Between Bs
Sear 2451
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)62 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeño módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuñando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuñada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
Antoniniano Diocleciano RIC 220.jpg
A107-02 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)62 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 x 21 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IOVI CONSERVAT" - Júpiter desnudo de pié a izquierda, el manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo, portando un rayo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda, protegiendo a una pequeña figura del Emperador ubicada a sus piés a izquierda. "QXXIT" en el exergo

Acuñada 285 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off. 4ta.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #220 Pag.243 - Cohen Vol.VI #206 Pag.436 - DVM #26 Pag.276
Antoninus Pius, RIC 629, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Sow) 62 viewsÆ Sestertius (25.9g, Ø32mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: S C (in ex.), Sow standing under holm-oak, suckling seven young, an eighth to right.
RIC 629 (S), Cohen 775, BMC 1298, Strack 870; Banti 385 (11 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values II) 4226
ex CNG list sale 74; ex CNG list sale 69; ex Tony Hardy collection.

This is part of a series that was minted to commemorate the 900th anniversary of the founding of Rome (April 21, A.D. 147). A white sow nursing thirty piglets, was a good omen for Aeneas to found a settlement on that site, which became the town of Lanuvium, the precursor to Rome. See also Scrofa
Charles S
ANNAM - An Phap62 viewsANNAM - An Phap (1414-1428) AE 1 Van. Hartill #25.9dpaul7
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01966.jpg
58-12 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)62 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 30 mm 5.4 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "IC - XC" (Jesús Cristo) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con mano izquierda." * " en campo izquierdo.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOT " Emperador de pié de frente a izquierda vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Loros (Ropa elaboradamente adornada que constituye el vestido consular de los Emperadores). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda. A su derecha La Virgen de pié de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), con su mano derecha corona al Emperador.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1966 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.16.1-15, pl.17.1-4 - B.M.C.#40-51 - Ratto M.B.#2127/34 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #17-42
AR-No.ZTR 102/LN1-C (AY)62 viewsPhoenicia, Arados 158-157 B.C

AE 16.32mm (Thickness 2.98mm), weight 4.37g, die axis = 1h (30 degrees), denomination C.

Obverse: Bearded head of Zeus right, border of dots.

Reverse: Tripple pointed ram of galley left, Phoenician control letters lamedh (L) and nun (N) above, Aradain era date 102 below.
Martin R
Caligula AE Medallion62 viewsObv: CAESAR AVG GERMANIC IMP P M TR P COS - Laureate bust right.
Mint: Carthago Nova
Weight: 18.75g
Ref: Cohen 2
1 commentsoa
Kuprilli Electrum Hekte62 viewsObv: Forepart of roaring lion right confronting forepart of stag left.
Rev: KO-PRL-LE - Trieskeles.
Weight: 2.20g
Ref: Help please
Bactrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, 174 - 160 B.C.62 viewsSilver square drachm; (Bop.4a, Mitchner 207f, SNG ANS 303); 165 -160 B.C. Weight 2.3 g., Max side measurment 16.57 mm., Obv. ΣΩTHPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ around, Elephant stg. r., AV monogram below; Rev. Karosthi legend around, Zebu bull stg. r., A below;. Toned with light encrustation. 4 commentsSteve E
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi62 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0562 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #05
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// I S, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:2,27g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Byzantine, Anonymous Folles. temp. Basil II & Constantine VIII, circa 976-1025. 62 viewsÆ Follis (28mm, 12.04 g, 6h). Class A2. Constantinople mint. Nimbate half-length bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels / [+] IhSЧ[S]/[X]PISTЧS/[Ь]ASILЄЧ/ЬASILЄ in four lines ( Jesus Christ King of Kings ); rectangular ornament below. DOC A2.47; SB 1813. VF, dark green patina with earthen highlights/deposits, a few cleaning scratches. EX ; The Prue Morgan Fitts Collection.

EX The Sam Mansourati Collection.

*A fine masterpiece of one of the very early portraits of Christ according to Saint Veronica 's Veil.
**The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.

Given as a Christmas Present to Dear friend and brother Dr. Manuel M. Cunanan .
German States, Bavaria. Maximillian V, King Maximillan I, Joseph of Bavaria 1806 - 1825 copper pfennig 1810.62 viewsGerman States, Bavaria. Maximillian V, King Maximillan I, Joseph of Bavaria 1806 - 1825 copper pfennig 1810. Crowned arms / value and date.

KM 341
Sword Belt Plates 3rd-4th century AD.62 viewsA belt plate on the left and hanger plate on the right. The eyelet design is found, according to Roman Military Equipment 2nd edition, on belts which also have the propeller stiffeners. A near parallel to the left hand plate is found in the Dura Europos report, volume 7, dated circa 200-250 AD with others cited from Romania.otlichnik
Sword Belt Plates 2nd-3rd century AD.62 viewsTwo sword belt (cingulum) plates circa 2nd-3rd century AD. Parallels for the top example can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume7, figure 38, #85 and at the Carnuntum Museum in Bad Altenbach. A parallel for the lower example can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume 7, figure 38, #84. The centre portions may have been blank revealing the belt fabric or may have contained an enamel insert. otlichnik
BOUILLON & SEDAN62 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
P3. Commodus62 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT
Laureate head, right.
Naked Genius or Bonus Eventus standing left, sacrificing from patera and holding corn ears.
Denarius, 3 gm, 16.3 mm, RIC 167
P5. Diocletian, Copper Follis62 viewsObv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
Laureate head right.
Genius standing left.
8.4 gm, 23 mm, Exergue: KB
Comment: I bought this one dirty with enough showing that I could use it as a quick filler 'til something nice came along. I was having my usual problems with RIC VI and posted the coin here on Forum for a little help. When I was advised that the coin was a cast fake I nearly fell over. I had been focused on the ID and had completely ignored the coin itself!!!! Lesson learned #4: If you think people are not selling fake $3 common coins.....think again!!
H1. Tiberius, Common for his reign from 14 to 37 AD.62 viewsObv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
Laureate head, right.
Seated female (Livia?) right, holding sceptre and branch.
Denarius 3.1 gm 18.5 mm RIC 26
Comment: Commonly associated with the Tribute Penny from the New Testament.
1 commentsMassanutten
M1. Parium, Mysia (Tiberius)62 viewsObv: TI AVG
Bare bust, right.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Two colonists plowing with two oxen.
Ae 4.3 gm 17 mm 15-34 AD Sear (GIC) 268
Comment: Reverse commonly symbolizes the establishment of a city perimeter.
2 commentsMassanutten
2f. Maximian - Abdication Issue62 viewsFollis, 7.9 gm, 26.9 mm
Laureate bust right in imperial mantle holding olive branch and mappa.
Providentia extending hand to Quies holding downward branch and leaning on scepter.
Minted 305-306 at Serdica, mm: Γ/S/•SM•SD•/F RIC 15b.
Comment: End dot in exergue clogged.
2 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN IMPERATORS, BRUTUS62 viewsQ. Caepio Brutus, AR Denarius - Military Mint travelling in Lycia, spring-early summer 42 BC
LEIBERTAS Head of Libertas right. / CAEPIO-BRVTVS-PRO-COS Plectrum, lyre, and filleted laurel branch. Crawford 501/1; CRI 199; Sydenham 1287; RSC 5; Sear (Millennium) 1432; Seaby, Brutus 5. Minted in the spring to early summer of 42 BC by a military mint traveling with Brutus in Lycia.
(18 mm, 3.71 g, 5h)
2 commentsLloyd T
My favorite Caligula62 viewsGaius Caligula AE As. Struck 37-8 AD. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left .
VESTA above, S C across field, Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre. Cohen 27.
2 commentsBritanikus
Caracalla 198-217 denarius62 viewsOb. ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM Head right
Rev. P.M.TR.P.XVII.COS.IIII.P.P. Apollo seated left resting hand on lyre
Ref. Sear 1835
Year 214AD

ANTONIUS PIUS AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS - Antonius Pius is your Emperor and Augustus and has conquered the Germans
PONTIFEX MAXIMUS TRIBUNICIA POTESTAS XVII CONSUL IIII PATER PATRIAE - High priest, Tribune of the People for the seventeenth time, Consul for the fourth time and father of the country

1 commentsBacchus
Caracalla RIC 11.jpg
Caracalla - denarius RIC 1162 viewsCaracalla as Caesar. Silver denarius. Rome mint, 198 AD, 3.25g; obverse: M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right; reverse: MARTI VLTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy across shoulder. RIC 11.Priscian
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD62 viewsObv: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla facing right.

Rev: VN AVP ГAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛITΩ around, ΠPOC ICTP in exergue, Tyche standing left, holding a rudder set on a globe and a cornucopia.

Legate: Aurelius Gallus

Æ 28, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

11.6 grams, 25.97 mm, 225°

Varbanov I 3077a
SPQR Coins
Caracalla, AE 27 Tetrassaria62 viewsIM C M AVRE ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades carrying away Persephone in galloping quadriga, right
Cohen IV 725, Gaebler AMNG 12, NBRM 36
Josifovski 291, same dies (V13, R14)
Kuzmanovic Collection 1040
1 commentswhitetd49
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria62 viewsM AVREL ANTONIN
Bust laureate, right
Nike standing facing, head left, holding wreath and cornucopia.
V84, unlisted reverse. Reverse type not in Josifovski. This obverse die linked to V30 and V99.
Kuzmanovic Collection 903
3 commentswhitetd49
Julius Caesar. ca. 46 BC. Silver denarius62 viewsSilver denarius. Date : ca. 46 BC.

Reference : Sear-1402.

Size : 15.6 x 16.5 mm. Weight : 3.94 grams.

Grade : aVF.

Obverse : Diademed head of Venus right.

Reverse : Aeneas striding left, holding the Palladium and carrying his father on his soulder, with CAESAR to the right.
3 commentsAdrian S
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 62 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above, curved rectangle below,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 2,14g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Merinid Dobla62 viewsAbu-Yahya Abu Bakr (642-656 H / 1244-1258) - Dinar - no mint - no date - 4.60 g

Obverse Central square
al-wahid allah / muhammad rasul allah / wa’l-qur‘an kalam allah / fas
“the one is God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, and the Qur‘an is the word of God”

Marginal segments
at 12:00 bism allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 salla allah ‘ala sayyidna muhammad, at 6:00 wa ilahukum ilah wahid, at 3:00 la illa allahu al-rahman al-rahim
“in the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate, may God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, your God is a single God, no god except Him the Merciful the Compassionate”

Reverse Central square

al-shukr lillah / wa’l-minna lilla / wa’l-hawl wa’l-quwwa billah
“thanks be to God, grace be to God, and power and strength be to God”

At 12:00: huwwa al-awwal wa’l-akhir, at 9:00: wa’l-zahir wa’l-batin, at 6:00: wa huwwa bi-kull, at 3:00: shay’ alim
“He is the First and the Last, the Most High and the Most Near, and He has full knowledge of all things”
Sura 57 (al-Hadid), verse 3

For these interesting notes thanks to

1 commentsCaffaro
ENGLAND - Charles II62 viewsENGLAND - Charles II (1660-1685) Maundy 3-Pence. AR. No date (1660-1662). Reference: KM #282, Spink #3385.dpaul7
Cherronessos Hemidrachm62 viewsCherronessos Hemidrachm Lion/Pellet and Grain ear within quadripartite incuse square.

Ex Agora
1 commentsAdrian S
Chile62 viewsKm218.1 - 10 Pesos - 1986 - (1981-1987)
Km228.2 - 10 pesos - 1995 - (1990-2008)
Km219.1 - 50 pesos - 1981 - (1981-1987)
Km226.2 - 100 Pesos - 1989 - (1988-1999)
Km236 - 100 Pesos - 2006 - (2001-2008)
Km235 - 500 Pesos - 2003 - (2000-2003)
Km197 - 1 Escudo - 1971 - (1971-1972)
Daniel F
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.62 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
coin spain in progress.jpg
spain ID in progress62 views1 commentsJericho
Sextus Pompey AE As62 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Faustina Junior, Funeral Pyre62 viewsDIVAE FAVSTIN AVG MATR CASTROR
Draped and veiled bust right

Funerary monument of four stories, ornamented with garlands and statues

BMC698, C77, RIC747
2.75g; 17-19mm
1 commentsarizonarobin
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 62 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuñada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
Commodus RIC III, 25162 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AR - denarius, 16.34mm, 2.49g
Rome, AD 192
Bearded head of Commodus, wearing lion-skin headdress
rev. HER - CVL / ROM - AN / AV - GV on both sides of
Hercules' club in oak-wreath
RIC III, 251; C.190; BMC 339
scarce, VF/VF, toned, on a small flan as usual, but nice portrait

This is one of the types showing Commodus as Hercules, sign of his madness.
1 commentsJochen
Struck A.D.332. CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE3/4 of Treveri (Trier). 62 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing either side of two standards; in exergue, TR•S.
RIC VII : 537
Siscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ΓSIS*, VICTORIA AVG-G, Scarce!62 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ΓSIS*, VICTORIA AVG-G, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG-G, Victory advancing left, head right, holding a wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field.
exerg: -/Chi-Rho//*ΓSIS*, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 1,19g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 347 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 181, p-362,
Constantine I CONSTANTINI-ANA DAFNE RIC VII Constantinople 3562 viewsAE3, 20mm, 2.77g.

Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, Draped & rosette-diademmed bust R.

Reverse: CONSTANTINI-ANA DAFNE, Victory seated L on cippus, branch in each hand, looking R. Captive at foot, trophy behind. A in l field.

Exe Cons.

RIC VII 35, Constantinople, 328. R3.

Whoever designed this reverse deserves the all-time prize for sheer bad design!
Constantine I PROVIDENT-IAE AVGG RIC 28.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Heraclea 2862 viewsAE3, 21x19mm, 3.10g.

Obverse: CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust L holding mappa and sceptre.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate with 3 turrets, no door, 6 rows. Dot in R field.

Exe: SMHB (Heraclea, Officina 2).

RIC VII 28, 318-20, R1.

This example is interesting in that the silvering clogs detail such as the hair, suggesting that it was applied afer striking.
Constantine I SOLI INVICTO COMITI RIC 46.jpg
Constantine I SOLI INVICTO COMITI RIC VII London 4662 viewsAE3, 20mm, 3.15g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing L holding globe and raising hand.

Exe MLN.

RIC VII 46, 315-7, S
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 128, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSBVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X in wreath, #162 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 128, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSBVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X in wreath, #1
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X in wreath.
exergo: -/-//TSBVI, diameter: 17-19 mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-128-p-513, c3,
Constantine I RIC VII 21462 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
Camp gate with two
turrets and star above
ASIS double crescent in ex.
19 mm 2.5 gm
3 commentsOWL365
CRISPUS She-wolf and twins on shield62 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
cuirassed and laureated bust left , spear pointing forward, shield on left arm, She-wolf and twins on shield
Treveri mint
RIC. VII, 308
Visigoths in Hispania (Crusafont Group B)62 viewsVisigoths in Hispania, AE (14 mm, 0.93 g). Minted in Spali (Visigothic Seville). Obverse: facing head. Reverse: S-P for Spali around cross. Crusafont Group B.Jan (jbc)
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 62 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Domitian RIC-34462 viewsAR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome mint, 85 AD (fifth issue)
RIC 344 (R2), BMC - , RSC 186
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her side (M3)
Ex CNG E363, 11 November 2015, lot 319.

An extremely rare denarius from the fifth issue of 85. Coined shortly after Domitian reduced the fineness of the denarius by 5% to the old Neronian level after having raised it in 82 to the Augustan standard. RIC cites Paris and Oxford with examples of this type.

Struck on a large flan (21 mm!) in superb fine style.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-392A62 viewsAR Denarius, 2.90g
Rome mint, 85 AD
RIC 392A (R3), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her side (M3)
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, May 2016.

A previously unknown Minerva type 3 from Domitian's rare sixth issue of denarii for 85. Until this coin recently surfaced only three of the four standard Minerva types were known for this issue, now all four are accounted for. Ted Buttrey was notified of this coin's existence and he has assigned it as RIC 392A in the Flavian RIC Addenda.

Well toned with rainbow hints and a stylish portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC 5862 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 58 (C), BMC 11, RSC 560
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, March 2016. Ex Jyrki Muona Collection.

Domitian's devotion to his patron deity Minerva can be detected quite early in his reign on the coinage. This reverse design struck in late 81 would later become one of the standard four Minerva types he would repeat over and over again on the denarius.

In fine early veristic style and beautifully toned with rainbow highlights.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-65662 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 88-89 AD
RIC 656 (R), BMC 147, RSC 246
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Solidus Numismatics, eBay, 17 June 2015.

Domitian did not take the consulship in 89, so this rare denarius is dated by TR P VIII between September 88 and September 89. The date can be further narrowed down by the 17th imperial acclamation. A military diploma dated 7 November, 88 records Domitian as IMP XVII, so this issue must have been struck briefly at the end of 88, perhaps just a month or so due to the rarity of the acclamation number on the denarii. Domitian's imperial acclamations were piling up fairly rapidly during this time period due to increased military activity along the Danube.

A solid denarius in fine style.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-72862 viewsAR Denarius, 3.23g
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 728 (C3), BMC 187, RSC 273
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Ancient Treasures, eBay, 7 June 2015.

The first issue of denarii in 92 was quite massive and certainly one of the largest of the reign. Domitian's military campaigns against the Suebi and Sarmatians during this time period may account in part for the heightened mint activity.

Competent craftsmanship which produced a neat and fine portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-730a62 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 730a (C3), BMC 189, RSC 274
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Acquired from Wayne C. Phillips, January 2014.

The first issue of 92, of which this coin is from, was large indeed, certainly one of the largest of the reign. Ian Carradice conducted a die study of this issue and determined the mint was divided into officina based on the separate Minerva reverse types, much like it had been in 81-82, after an apparent hiatus.

Historical note: Domitian was campaigning against the Suebi and Sarmatians during 92, perhaps accounting for such a large issue.

A very common coin in uncommonly good style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
VICTORIA AVG 62 viewsIMP C MANT GORDIANVS AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind
VICTORIA AVG Victoria advancing left holding wreath and palm

RIC ---
C ---

R4, 5 specimens actually known, 2 reverses dies
3 commentsleseullunique
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2562 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
domitian RIC121.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88-89 AD62 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS (laureate head right)
rev: Minerva advancing right, aiming javelin and holding shield, COSX IIII across fields
ref: RIC II 121 (S), BMC 141, C.67 (6frcs)
3.17gms, 19mm
mint: Rome

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88-89 AD.
Domitian(us) as caesar62 viewsDomitian, denarius.
RIC II 976 (Vespasian), RSC 30.
18 mm, 3.4 g
Obv. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right.
Rev. CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears & long torch or sceptre.

The reverse shows Ceres, the goddess of agriculture. The Romans weren't concerned with making Ceres look glamorous. Their interest was in the goods, and she is holding (out of proportion) corn-ears and also a poppy seed head.

Ceres appears on more flavian coins, for example my Vespasian coin (RIC 970). She looks exactly the same on that one. Therefore this coin is probably minted in the same period, which is 78-79 A.D.
Domitian, AR Denarius62 viewsMy collection contained only a Domitian denarius as Caesar. Now I can add this one - albeit banal, but in high quality.Optimus
4 zhu ban liang stone mould62 viewsreign of Wu Di because of iron traces in the coins cavities (141-118 BC)

2 part of same moulds
Elizabeth I sixpence, Seaby 256162 viewsElizabeth I sixpence, 1566 A.D. AR, 26mm 3.07g, Seaby 2561
O: ELIZABETH D G ANG FR ET HI REGINA, crowned bust of Elizabeth I left, rose behind, portcullis mintmark.
R: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV. Quartered royal arms over long cross fourchee.

*purchased for my wife's birthday...but I am cointing it in my collection ;)
1 commentscasata137ec
zoo62 viewsNervousRex
Eion, AR trihemiobol62 viewsOptimus
ENGLAND - George III62 viewsENGLAND - George III (1760-1820) silver Half Crown, 1817. Reference: KM #667.dpaul7
Etruscus Ant as Augustus. Victory.jpg
Herennius Etruscus, as Augustus. AR Antoninianus. AD 251. Victory62 viewsImperial Rome, Herennius Etruscus, as Augustus. AD 251. AR Antoninianus. Rome. 3.45g. IMP C Q HER ETR MES DECIO AVG, his radiate, draped and cuirassed bust rt. / VICTORIA GERMANICA, Victory advancing rt., holding a wreath and palm. Coh. 41; RIC 154.

It took me 10 years to finally get one of these!
3 commentsFausta
F 8.jpg
62 views1 commentsOrthodoxcoins
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!62 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-27 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-205, p-450, Scarce!
1 commentsquadrans
faustina1 RIC374.jpg
138-161 AD - FAUSTINA Senior AR denarius - struck after 141 AD62 viewsobv: DIVA FAVSTINA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: AVGVSTA (Pietas standing left with raised hand, altar at foot left)
ref: RIC III 374 (Ant.Pius), RSC 124 (2frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm,
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0382b (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRATIO, Ceres standing left,62 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0382b (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRATIO, Ceres standing left,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- CONSE-C-RATIO, Ceres standing left, holding right hand up in greeting and torch.
exerg: , diameter:17,5-18mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 148-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-382b (Antoninus Pius) p-72 , C-165a.,
1 commentsquadrans
fel temp com~0.JPG
Constans RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina62 viewsAE 17 mm 1.9 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Nimbate phoenix standing right on globe. star in right field
EX :: SMHE ( Heraclea )
RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina

coin not listed in RIC, Helvetica's spreadsheets , Wildwinds, or coin archives . also discussed in Forvm at the following link
1 commentsJohnny
Tapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036, 62 viewsTapering Bow Brooch, Romano-Gaul Aucissa variety, Fibula #036,
The flat bow decorated by zigzag (sinusoid).
size: 55x24x22mm,
weight: 9,20g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic T-I/5var,
Roman Bow, "Kraftig Profilierte", AE fibula, Bojovic:Typ-9, Tabl-X/95var, #06162 viewsRoman Bow, "Kraftig Profilierte", AE fibula, Bojovic:Typ-9, Tabl-X/95var, #061
type: Bow fibula.,
size: 44x27x19mm,
date: 2nd centuries A.D.,
ref: Bojovic:Typ-9, Tabl-XI/95var,
distribution: ,
Roman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #07462 viewsRoman Bow, Fan-tail Bow, Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93, Fibula #074
size: 32x15x14mm,
weight: 5,84g,
date: A.D.,
ref: Bojovic-typ-9-Tabl-XI-93
gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 16362 viewsAE17-22mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: APOLLINI CONS AVG. Centaur walking right , drawing back on bow
EX :: not visible
RIC V-1, Rome 163
Purchased 08/2008

2 commentsJohnny
GALLIENUS AE antoninianus - 267-268 AD (sole reign)62 viewsobv: GALLIENVS AVG (radiate head right)
rev: LIBERO P CONS AVG (panther walking left), B in ex.
ref: RIC Vi 230, RSC 586 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
2.70gms, 21mm

Not too much coin appears so clear this type of animal.
The panther was the nurse of Bacchus in the mithology, this animal appears on coins as the companions of Bacchus (Liber). The natural history of the ancients ascribed to this animal a peculiar fondness for wine, and this liquor was one of the means said to have been employed to take them.
1 commentsberserker
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta, Denarius62 viewsGeta 209-212 A.D.

RIC 59
Gordian III denarius62 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
laureate bust right

Diana standing right holding lighted torch in both hands

241-2 AD


Sear 8673, RIC 127, RSC 69

Special issue for marriage of Gordian III and Sabinia Tranquillina
2 commentsJay GT4
158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Siscia, RIC IX 31a1, -/-//ASISC, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #262 views158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Siscia, RIC IX 31a1, -/-//ASISC, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #2
avers:- DN-GRATIA-NVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XV/MVLT/XX, Wreath, legend within.
exerg: -/-//ASISC, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 378-383 A.D., ref: RIC IX 31a1, p-152, Scarce !,
1 commentsquadrans
Lokris, Lokris Opuntia, Greek, AE-13, SNG Cop 68, very Rare !!!62 viewsLokris, Lokris Opuntia, Greek, AE-13, SNG Cop 68, very Rare !!!
avers:- Athena helmeted bust right.
revers:- LOK left down, PΩN right up, Bunch of Grapes with tendrils and vine leaves.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,93g, axes: 4h,
mint: Lokris, Lokris Opuntia, date: Last quarter of the 4th century B.C., very Rare !!!
ref: SNGCop 68, BMC Central Greece p-8,
Netherlands 1691 City of Groningen - Silver 6 Stuivers62 viewsNetherlands, Groningen 1691 - silver 6 stuivers.

obv: CONCORDIA RES PARVAE CRESCVNT - Knight on horseback with sword in the air.

rev: MO NO ARG CIV GRONINGAE - Coat of arms with two headed eagle inside, crown on top. '6 S' on either side. '1 6 9 1' above in crown.
Maximianus Herculius AR Argenteus62 viewsMaximianus Herculius AR Argenteus. Carthage mint. 300 AD. MAXIMIANVS AVG, laureate bust right / XC -VI, surrounded by laurel wreath, dot placed centrally between two lines of legend. RIC 16a

Ex. Th. Voltz Collection
Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel 81 (1995), 326.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
3 commentsTrajan
hadrian62 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian Denarius62 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Traianus, standing on the right side, presents globe to Hadrianus

Weight:3,3g; Ø: 19mm; Reference: RIC II/2c; ROME mint; struck 117

2 commentssulcipius
Herennius Etruscus RIC IV, 14362 viewsHerennius Etruscus AD 250-251, son of Trajan Decius
AR - Antoninian, 4.32g, 21mm
Rome 6. officin, Jan.-Dec. 250
bust draped, radiate r.
priestley implement
RIC IV/3, 143; C.14
Scarce; good VF, mint luster

Priestly implement from l. to r.:
1. ASPERGILLUM, a whisk for sprinkling holy water. Word not used in ancient authors!
2. SIMPUVIUM, an earthen ladle, Symbol of the PONTIFICES of Rome. Often called incorrectly Simpulum!
3. GUTTURNIUM, a narrow-necked jug for small quantities of liquids
4. PATERA, a shallow bowl for pouring liquids, grain or salt upon the fire or victims. In the early times symbol of the VI VIRI EPULONES, then used by many emperors or deities without a special meaning.
5. LITUUS, a curved staff, top hooked. With this staff the AUGURES marked out the 'templum', the area to undertake observations of birds. Origin of the Bishop's Staff.
1 commentsJochen
hetoum & zabel.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA - Hetoum I & Zabel62 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA - Hetoum I & Zabel (1226-1270) AR Tram. Obv: Lion right/Rev.: Queen & king standing on either side of patriarchal cross. dpaul7
GREEK62 viewsAR tetrobol. Histiaia (Euboia) c. 196-146 BC. 2,41 grs. Head of the nymph Histaia right wearing earring s and necklace / Nymph seated right on stern of galley. Star before foot . IΣTIAIEΩN.
BCD -. SNG Copenhagen -.
1 commentsbenito
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire62 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,62 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,
avers:- C-VALENS-HOSTIL-MES-QVINTVS-N-C, radiate, draped bust right,
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS, Hostilian standing left, holding spear & standard.
exe: ,diameter: 20 mm, weight: 3,56 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-181d , p-144 ,C-34, Scarce,
Huszár 400, Unger 310, Réthy I 35062 viewsHungary. Anonymous Vienna denar (possibly Ladislaus IV (László, in Hun.) (1272-1290), per Unger; or Béla IV (1235-1270), per Rádóczy and Nagy). AR denar, 13-14 mm.

Obv: Agnus Dei facing left with cross-banner.

Rev: Hebrew letter ט (tet) in floral wreath.

Huszár wrote that “t cannot be determined under which ruler th[is] w[as] minted” (Huszár 1977). However, Rádóczy and Nagy determined that coins bearing the Hebrew letter ט (tet) were issued by Teka, who was a kammergraf in 1232 under András II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and 1235-1245 under Béla IV (1235-1270 (per Friedenberg; also per Pohl). They attributed it to Béla IV (per Friedenberg).

“[F]oreign influence spread to contemporary Hungarian coinage from the Vienna denars, a collective term applied to the coins issued by Austrian princes beginning with the end of the 12th century through various mints. Such coins appeared as commercial currency in large quantities all over Hungary in the course of the 13th century . . . [T]he types virtually vied vied with the fantastic animal shapes of contemporary sculpture . . . Of these motifs, that of the Agnus Dei enjoyed particular favour in contemporary Romanesque sculpture.” (Huszár (1963) at 12).

Huszár rarity rating R1.
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A162 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .45 g., 15-16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • V]NGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets at sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
Criocamp - Gallienus62 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- MERCVRIOCONSAVG, Criocamp right
Exergue:- H
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0162 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #0362 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #03
avers:- Three lines with crosses at the ends and four crosses, two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with circles at the ends, dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-067, CHN-1-160, Huszar-180,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Samaria Neapolis, Marcus Aurelius, AE 24 62 viewsNeapolis, Marcus Aurelius, AE 24 Dated CY 88, 159/60 AD
Obv.: [AVPHΛIOC] KAICAP ЄYCЄB CЄBY[IOC], laureate head right.
Rev.: ΦΛ ΝЄΑC ΠOΛЄ· CVPIAC ΠAΛЄCTINHC/ ЄT-ΠH, Mummiform Zeus Heliopolites standing facing, holding whip and grain ears; at feet, foreparts of bulls on either side; date across fields. Hendin 879
2 commentsMaritima
Elis, after 191 BC62 viewsObv: Head of Zeus, Laureate, right
Rx: Oilive wreath

within the wreath

EY below the wreath.

BM 45, 155
Caracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D.62 viewsCaracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D. 25mm
O:Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:Tyche-Astarte standing left, right foot on river-god to right , holding small bust and scepter; all within central arch of tetrastyle temple façade; two small Nikai between columns Kadman 67
1 commentsMaritima
62 views1 commentsRugser
Rare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries 3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!62 viewsRare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries
3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!
Notes: Rare coin, very-very tiny (measuring 2-4mm in diameter and weighing from 0.08 to 0.1 g or so). These are probably the tiniest gold coins ever minted for general circulation. Very rare, these come from a hoard of these, recently unearthed.

Antonio Protti
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Inscription to Gaius Valerius Victor - Standard Bearer62 viewsA plaque with inscription found at Caerleon. Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300.



"To the spirits of the departed; Gaius Valerius Victor, son of Gaius, of the Galerian voting tribe, from Lugdunum, standard-bearer of the Second Augustan Legion, of 17 years; service, Aged 45, set up under the charge of Annius Perpetuus, his heir."
islamic 2.jpg
Ayyubids of Aleppo62 viewsSyria, Ayyubids of Aleppo, al-Zahir Ghazi (1186-1216), AE Fals. B 680.dpaul7
Italy, Kingdom of Napoleon 1813-M 5 Soldi62 viewsKingdom of Napoleon - 1813 Milan. Silver 5 Soldi.
obv: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E REY - ' Napoleon, Emperor and King' - Bare head right, date and privy marks below.
rev: REGNO D'ITALIA - ' Kingdom of Italy' Crown. Denomination and Mintmark below.
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #162 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #1
avers: IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-21mm, weight: 2,82g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-360, p-99, RSC-81, BMC-381
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #0162 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +REX•BELA•QVARTVS, Agnus Dei in circle of dots advancing left with cross, border of dots.
revers: •VNGA•-RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and sceptre, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-213_CNH-1-229_Huszar-294,
J08-Half Shekel.jpg
Half Shekel of Tyre, 126 BCE - 66 CE62 viewsSilver didrachm of Tyre (half shekel), 20 mm, 7 grams. Dated ΡZ to Pφ (19 BCE – 64 CE)

Obverse: Laureate Bust of Melqart right
Reverse: Inscription ΤΥΡΟΥ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΣΥΛΟΥ (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left on prow, palm on right wing; dated ΡZ to Pφ (19 BCE – 64 CE) on left, KP on right.

Reference: RPC 4685

Added to collection: September 16, 2005
Daniel Friedman
?62 viewsObv.: male mature/young janiform head
rev.: goat walking right

Same obv. die :

Well... Actually, it's a fake ! Too bad.
3 commentsGinolerhino
JAPAN - Tenpo Era ICHIBU GIN62 viewsJAPAN - Tenpo Era ICHIBU GIN - Emperor Ninko (Ayahito - 1817-1846 reigned) Tenpo Era (1830-1844) Ichibu Gin. (Silver) C-#16. dpaul7
Lord Melchett Lodge No. 1153 of B’nai B’rith (St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada)62 viewsAE token, 32.5 mm., undated.

Obv: LORD MELCHETT LODGE No. 1153 and B’NAI B’RITH, within border around rim, candelabra in center with ribbon below, BENEVELENCE, BROTHERLY LOVE and HARMONY in left, right and middle sections of the ribbon, respectively.

Rev: A LUCKY TOKEN and ST. CATHERINES within border around rim, separated by Jewish stars, I HAVE CONTRIBUTED / 25¢ / FOR / CHARITY, in five rows in center.

Ref: none known.

Note: Founded in 1932, the lodge was named after Alfred Moritz Mond (1868-1930), the first Baron Melchett, who first visited Palestine in 1921 with Chaim Weizmann and subsequently became an enthusiastic Zionist, contributing money to the Jewish Colonization Corporation for Palestine and other Zionist causes, writing for Zionist publications, and becoming President of the British Zionist Foundation. The lodge tried to uphold the ideals of “brotherhood,” “benevolence” and “brotherly love and harmony” (and those ideals feature prominently in the obverse design of the token).
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Domna Denarius, RIC 553, RSC 58, BMC 2762 views Julia Domna Den "Fortuna" LIMES Julia Domna AD 193-217 Base Metal Denarius
Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA - Bareheaded bust right, draped.
Reverse: FORTVNAE FELICI - Fortuna seated left, holding cornucopia and rudder on a
Rome mint: AD 196-211 = Ancient counterfeit based on RIC
IVi, 553, page 167 - Cohen 58 - SEAR RCV II (2002), #6584, page 493 (18 mm diam. 1.7 g)
ENGLAND - John I62 viewsENGLAND - John I (1199-1216) - Silver penny, Seaby 1350B North 969, VF detail, broken flan, 1.139g, 18.0mm, obverse HENRICVS REX, the S inverted, facing bust, holding scepter; reverse short cross, with four smaller crosses in quadrants. London mint.1 commentsdpaul7
KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Cleopatra Selene. 62 viewsObverse: REX IVBA, Diademed head of Juba right
Reverse: BACCILICCA KLEOP[ATPA], Star and crescent
Mint : Caesarea
Date : Struck circa 16-17 AD
Reference : MAA 85; SNG Copenhagen 590; Mazard 300
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.96 g
Denom : Denarius
Dealer : Baldwin's
Comments : Juba was married to the only surviving child of Cleopatra VII, Selene (goddess of the moon). This may be a reference to Juba's wife depicted on the reverse.
Judaea, Alexander Jannaeus, TJC Q462 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103-76 BC
AE - Prutah, 2.17g, 13.99mm, 330°
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines in laurel wreath:
יהונ / תןהכהן / הגדלוח / ברהיהו / דימ
from r. to l.:
= Yehonatan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehonatan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double Cornucopiae with ribbons, between horns a pomegranate, in dotted circle (very schematical depiction)
Hendin 474; AJC Fa4; TJC Q4
VF, nice sandpatina
judaea_hyrcanusI_Hendin 455cf.jpg
Judaea, Johannes Hyrcanus I, TJC B1362 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan), 135-104 BC
AE - Prutah, 14.53mm, 2.17g, 0°
struck in Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines within laurel wreath:
יהוחנן / הכהןהג / דלוחברה / יהדי / מ
from r. to l.:
YHW(Ch)NN / H KHN H G / DL W (Ch)BR H / YHDY / M
= Yehochanan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehochanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double cornucopiae, coming from a floral base, filled with fruits and a grain-ear each, decorated with ribbons hanging down, a pomegranate with long stalk between horns, in dotted circle
ref. Hendin cf. 455/7; AJC Na29; TJC B13
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #262 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #2
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFFP (P = Prima = First officina),
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,98g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!62 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, wreath in right field .
exergo: T CON,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC VIII 313, R3!!!
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Justinian I follis62 viewsFollis, 557-558, Constantinople, 4th officina, 30mm, 15,1g.vercingetorix
Turkey, Kaunos - the Theatre62 viewsA nicely proportioned theatre of the Greek type, with 34 rows of seats (18 below the diazoma and 16 above). The two arched entrances are original. Abu Galyon
Kroton, Bruttium62 views480-430 BC
AR Stater (20mm, 7.57g)
O: Tripod-lebes with lion's feet; heron standing right in left field, QPO to right, lemniscate serpents in ex.
R: Tripod-lebes incuse, with dentate border.
SNG ANS 312; SNG Cop 1764v
ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsEnodia
041 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675.a, Madonna and child, L-B, #0162 views041 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675.a, Madonna and child, L-B, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield, date above between two flower and flower with five petals between two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: L-B, by (Pohl)
date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675.a, CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-1, "Moneta Nova"
210 Basil II Bulgaroktonos, AD 976-102562 viewsGold histamenon nomisma, 25mm, 4.40g, aEF
Struck at Constantinople c. AD 1005-1025
+ IhS CIS REX REGNANTIhM, bust of Christ facing, wears pallium, colobium, and nimbus cruciger with crescents; raised right hand, Gospels in left; triple border / + bASIL C CONSTANT b R, facing crowned busts of Basil wearing loros of square pattern (left) and Constantine wearing jeweled chlamys; holding between them with right hands a long plain cross; manus Dei above Basil's head; triple border
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
DOC 6a; Sear 1800; Wroth 12-13
Lawrence Woolslayer
010 Laszlo-I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-017, #0162 views010 Laszlo-I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-017, #01
avers:- +LADISLAVS-RE, Crowned bust facing in circle of dots; border of crescents.
revers:- +LADISLAVS-RE +, Cross in circle; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 0,80 g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-017, CHN-1-028, Huszar-024,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Philip II. of Macedon AE62 viewsPhilip II. AE17, 359-336 BC, Macedonian mint.
Obv: diademed head of Apollo right.
Rev: ΦIΛIΠΠOY above naked youth on horseback right, bukranion below.
16-17 mm, 5.68 g
2 commentsPscipio
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