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Claudius, Phrygia, Aizanis, Zeus, AE2070 views19-21mm, 3.96g
obv: KΛAYΔION KAICAPA AIZANITAI; laureate head right
rev: EΠI KΛAΥΔIOΥ IEΡAKOC; Zeus standing left, holding eagle and sceptre
RPC 3088
ex Rutten & Wieland
1 commentsareich
coins1 208.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus, APOLLINI CONS AVG70 viewsGallienus, 267-268 A.D.
OBV: IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
REV: APOLLINI CONS AVG, Gryphon walking left with mouth open. (delta) in exergue.

This coin was struck in 267-68 A.D. to invoke the protection of Apollo for Gallienus for his protection against Aureolus.
coins1 214.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, ABVNDANTIA AVG70 viewsprobus, 276-282 A.D., siscia mint?
OBV: IMP C PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: ABVNDANTIA AVG, abundantia standing left, pouring cornucopia. S in right field.
EX: XXIS(?) siscia mint.

does anyone know how to get the red corrosion out of the left reverse field? i tried with a pick, but had no success.

Caesarea maritima mint Commodus 177-192 A.D. AE2170 viewsObv:laureate headed of commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum
Rev:Demeter standing holding long sceptre
Kedman 60
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE70 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
Commodus Sestertius RIC 368b70 viewsCommodus, AE Sestertius, Rome Mint, 183 AD
Obverse: M COMMODVS AN-TONINVS AVG PIVS, Laureate head right
Reverse: TRP VIII IMP VI COS IIII PP, Minerva standing left with shield and spear
RIC 368b
29mm, 22.1gm
1 commentsJerome Holderman
Constans Gloria Exercitvs.jpg
Constans Gloria Exercitvs70 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANS P F AVG, Our Lord and emperor Constans Pious and happy

DN: Dominus Nostre, Our Lord

CONSTANS: Constans

PF: PIUS FELIX, Pious and happy

AVG: Augustus, emperor

GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 15 mm.

Mint: SMNA, Nicomedia, RIC VIII Nicomedia 12, rated scarce.
John S
Constantine The Great- Marti.jpg
Constantine The Great- Marti70 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:Laureate and cuirassed bust right

PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Agustus,



Showing: Mars with helm, in military dress, and with the cloak spead out. Mars stands left and lokks right. Mars holds a reverse spear in right hand ond a shield in on the ground at left. There is a T at left and F at left across the reverse.

Domination: Follis, Bronze, size 20 mm
Mint: PTR-- (Prima) , TR (Trier)

1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Quadriga.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous commemorative Quadriga70 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Constantine I with veiled bust right


DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: SMAN= Antioch, S (S= Secunda Oficina). Minted 337-340 AD. RIC VIII, 37, Rated C3.
Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great

It might not be an S on exergue, but a ς (stigma), 6th officina.
East provinces, like Antiochia, used greek numerals.
John Schou
Siscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!70 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1 !
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II70 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
2 commentslaney
Roman Empire, Constantine II RIC VIII 8970 viewsObv:CONSTINVS MAX AVG
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard with chi-rho on banner between them
ASIS crescent in ex.
17mm 1.6 gm
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius70 viewsSilver denarius, 19-20mm, January - April 85 A.D., RIC 57, Carradice 85.1, BMC 75, RSC 368, Ex. Flan
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Eagle standing on thunderbolt
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 443var.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)70 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada año en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuñaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuñadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuñada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
Domitian RIC 0370 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 3 (R). BMC 2. RSC 554a.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII; Seat, draped; above, triangular frame decorated with corn ears
Acquired from Museum Surplus, July 2013.

Here we have a rather worn denarius of Domitian which may at first glance appear unremarkable, however, to me it is anything but that. Minted within the first few days of Domitian's reign, the reverse type is a carry-over from Titus' 'pulvinar' series. The mint had yet to develop unique or new reverse types for Domitian. Here we see a triangular frame above a chair, which is its only appearance in Domitian's 'pulvinar' series making this a rather rare coin. The early dating of the type can be confirmed by the spartan-like reverse titles that show Domitian simply as Tribunica Potestat for the first time and Consul for the seventh. Domitian was notorious for his adherence to the correct form of his titles, as clearly evident here. He would not advertise any titles that had yet to be bestowed. The absence of PM or P P is glaringly apparent.

A nice little coin that provides a neat glimpse into the workings of a mint and the mind of a new emperor.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-50970 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C). BMC 106. RSC 215a.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, December, 2013.

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-76870 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome mint, 94 AD
RIC 768 (C). BMC (spec. acquired 1989). RSC 284b.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Mauseus, August 2016.

This denarius is part of the last issue of 94, struck after mid September until the end of the year. The issue is somewhat scarce, although RIC rates all the denarii in it as 'common'.

Nice portrait and well centred.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
DANISH WEST INDIES70 viewsDANISH WEST INDIES - AE 1883 1-Cent. Obv.: Crowned Danish shield, 'CHRISTIAN IX KONGE AF DANMARK. Rev.: 1 CENT surrounted by wreath, DANSK VESTINDISK MONT *1883*" KM#68. dpaul7
20 Didius Julianus70 viewsDenarius. 193 AD. IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right / CONCORD MILIT, Concordia standing left holding legionary eagle & standard. RIC 1, RSC 2, BMC 2. Weight 2.68 g. Die Axis 6 hr. Max Dia 17.1 mm.

1 commentsmix_val
Argolis, Argos, late 2nd Century - 80s BC 70 viewsAE Dichalkon
Wolf's head right
Rev. Pillar Fountain between helmet over wolf's head left on left and heta above monogram APX on the right. Rare.
BCD 1147
RIC VII Siscia 255 r4
2 commentsecoli
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. 88-30BC.70 viewsAR hemidrachm.
Zeus right KALLIPOS behind.
XA with monograms around. Thunderbolt below.
BCD 689, Benner Elis 42.
1 commentsDino
080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #09,70 views080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #09,
avers:- HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding scepter and drawing veil from her face.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-22,5 mm, weight: 3,33 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-58b, p127, C-17,
Will Easily Brush cleaned70 viewsScotvs Capitis
043. Fausta, wife of Constantine I. AE Follis, Constantinople mint.70 viewsAE Follis. Constantinople mint, late 326AD.

Obv.Bust of Fausta right FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG

Rev. Fausta standing holding Constantine II and Constantius II SALVS REIPVBLICAE.

RIC VII 12; LRBC 976. gVF

A very rare and interesting coin. The mint at Constantinople was only in operation for a couple of months when Fausta was executed, coins of her and Crispus from this mint are very hard to come by.
1 commentsLordBest
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•ASIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!70 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•ASIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//•ASIS•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,65g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-27 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-205, p-450, Scarce!
Faustina I denarius, 148-161, Rome.jpg
Faustina I denarius, 148-161 AD, Rome70 viewsFaustina Sr.
AR denarius – 19mm, 2.71g
Rome, 148-161 AD
draped bust r.
Juno standing l., holding scepter, r. hand raised
RIC 344, C 26
1 commentsArdatirion
Faustina Filia RIC III, 495a70 viewsFaustina Filia, died 175, wife of Marcus Aurelius, daughter of Antoninus Pius
AR - Denar, 3.28g, 16.6mm
Rome 157 - 161
draped bust, bare head r.
rev. AVGVS - TI - [P]II FIL
Venus standing l., holding r. Victoriola, resting l. on shield set on helmet
RIC III, Antoninus Pius 495(a); C.15; BMCR. 1099
EF, uncirculated
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Venus with the attributes of Venus Victrix.
MEDIEVAL, Hungary, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor70 views2 commentsgoldcoin
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4220, RIC V-I 034, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-D2, Laetitia standing left, #170 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4220, RIC V-I 034, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-D2, Laetitia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- LAETITIA-FVND, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and anchor in left hand, (Laetitia1).
exerg: -/-//XXIB, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 2,80g, axes: 10h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-34, T-(Estiot)-4220,
FRISIA - Lion Daalder70 viewsFRISIA - Lion Daalder, 1629, AR. KM #23.1. Double-struck.dpaul7
Galba denarius70 viewsGalba, denarius
RIC 167, RSC 287.
Rome mint, August-October 68 AD.
3.0 gr.
Obv. IMP SER GALBA AVG, his bare head right.
Rev. SPQR OB CS in three lines within oak wreath.

Another addition to my 12 Caesars. An attractive coin with a very strong portrait and the name fully readable. Good silver condition.
2 commentsMarsman
Gallienus, Göbl 116870 viewsGallienus AD 253-268, sole reign 260-268
AE - Antoninianus, 2.8g, 20.2mm
Mediolanum, 257-259
bust, radiate, r.
Apollo stg. frontal, head r., holding r. arm above head, holding with r. hand
lyre, set on column on which is laying his chlamys
RIC V/1, (Mediolanum) 467; C.92; Göbl 1168 (Curtis Clay)
about VF

RIC describes the rev. wrongly as Apollo stg. looking r., holding lyre on rock. The statue should be the Apollo of Timarchides Athen. (Alex)
2 commentsJochen
GIII-Ric 86.jpg
RIC-086 Gordian III Laetitia70 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVG N - Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor
RIC-86, Cohen-121

nicely centered, full flan, small flan crack. AD 240 (4th issue,)
Thrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. and Tranquillina (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4584v, AE-26, ΟΔΕCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis,70 viewsThrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. and Tranquillina (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4584v, AE-26, ΟΔΕCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-ΑVΓ-CΕ-ΤRANKVΛΛEIN, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing diad. and dr. bust of Tranquillina l.
revers:- ΟΔΕC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis stg.l. holding rod and ribbon, wheel at feet, E in the left field.
exe: E/-//--, diameter: 26mm, weight: 10,21g, axis:7h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4584v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!
1 commentsquadrans
Thrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. and Tranquillina (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4588v, AE-26, ΟΔΕCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis,70 viewsThrace, Odessos, 072 Gordianus-III. and Tranquillina (238-244 A.D.), Varb-4588v, AE-26, ΟΔΕCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-ΑVΓ-CΕ-ΤRANKVΛΛEIN, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing diad. and dr. bust of Tranquillina l.
revers:- ΟΔΕCC-ΕΙΤΩΝ, Nemesis stg.l. holding cubit-rule and cornucopia, wheel at feet, E in the left field.
Exe: E/-//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 13,51g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ? , ref: Varb-4588v-"A"legend" avers ! R4!
1 commentsquadrans
Gordian III, AE21, Varbanov I 10470 viewsGordian III
As Augustus, 238-244 A.D.

Coin: AE21

Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right.
Reverse: PMS CO-L-VIM, personification of Moesia, standing facing left, between a Bull to her left and a Lion to her right. AN●I● in exergue.

Weight: 5.44 g, Diameter: 21.5 x 21 x 2 mm, Die axis: 230°, Mint: Viminacium, Year: I (239 - 240 A.D.), Reference: Varbanov I 104

Rated Rare (R2, 1000 - 1500 examples known)

Legions VII Claudia (emblem: Bull) & IV Flavia (emblem: Lion) were garrisoned in Viminacium
Gordian III, Markianopolis70 views10.55g

2 commentsareich
Gotarzes II Tetradrachm70 viewsBust left, long pointed beard, no ear visible, O behind head

King enthroned right, receiving diadem from Tyche holding cornucopia, date above diadem

Seleukeia on the Tigris mint
Dated Seleukid Era 361 (49/50 AD)

Sellwood 65.25-27; Shore 362.

ex-Calgary Coin

"King of Kings Arsaces, bringer of plenty, the just, friend of the Greeks"

SOLD February 2015
2 commentsJay GT4
Valerius Gratus70 viewsValerius Gratus
Prefect: 15-26 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Vine Grapes
Reverse: Amphora
Date: Year 4 = 17 AD
Reference: Hendin 643
1 commentsJohn K
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Antigoneia (Mantineia). Circa 188-180 BC.70 viewsAR Hemidrachm (13mm, 2.32 g). Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; A-N across field, monogram below; all within wreath tied at the bottom. Clerk 195; BCD Peloponnesos 1491; SNG Copenhagen 281; Benner-Antigoneia-2. Toned. CGPCGP
Hendin-506 / 1197 (02)70 viewsHerod Archelaus - prutah
1.18 grams
3 commentscmcdon0923
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, Denarius70 viewsHadrian 117-138 A.D.

1 commentsBarry
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, SAL-AVG, Salus standing left,70 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, SAL-AVG, Salus standing left,
avers:-IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG, Laureate and draped (!!) bust right.
revers:-P-M-TR-P-COS-III, Salus standing left feeding serpent rising from altar, holding sceptre, SAL - AVG across fields.
exerg: SAL/AVG//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 119-122 A.D., ref: RIC II 138var, p-356, C-1323,
1 commentsquadrans
Hadrian Dupondius Hilaritas70 viewsObv.
Radiate head right

COS III (in ex.)
Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm & cornucopia, small boy & girl at sides
1 commentsancientdave
Hadrian "Quadrans" Modius70 viewsObv.

Radiate Head Right


Modius with 6 ears of grain

Rare. RIC 700
3 commentsancientdave
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.70 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
Otacilia Severa, Hippo70 viewsOtacilia Severa, AR Antoninianus,

Diademed, draped bust right on crescent

Hippopotamus standing right
IIII in exergue

RIC IV, Part III, 116b
2 commentsarizonarobin
Huszár 358, Unger 269, Réthy I 29870 viewsHungary. Stephen V (István, in Hun.) (1270-1272). AR obolus, 10 mm.

Obv: + • M • VNGARIE, Crowned head facing left.

Rev: Two birds facing each other, between them an א (Aleph – Hebrew letter).

Issued by Altman ben Chenok, kammergraf (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 8. This emission is recorded with and without an annulet to the left of the crowned head. This coin bears an annulet, as per Unger and Réthy.

Huszár 41 var., Unger 34 var., Réthy I 49 var.70 viewsHungary. Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1095-1116). AR denar, 8 mm.

Obv: + CALMAN RE, Cross with vertical lines, pellets above and flanking, in a quadrilobe.

Rev: Distorted legend, cross with wedges.

Struck in Esztergom. Hóman hypothesized that the chronology of Coloman’s coinage can be determined via the progressively diminishing average weights of the emissions. By this hypothesis, this emission is ranked 10/11, and was struck toward the end of Coloman’s reign.

Huszár rarity rating 8. This is a variant of the emission in that the lines within the quadrilobe are vertical rather than horizontal. It is neither described nor depicted in any of the catalogs.

Hyrcanus I H459.jpg
Hyrcanus I (135-104BC) Hendin 45970 viewsPrutah, 14x16mm, 2.56g.

Obverse: YHW/ChNN HCHN/GDL RWSh H/ChBR HY (Yehochanan the High Priest Head of the Council of the Jews) within wreath.

Reverse: Crossed cornucopiae, ribbons, pomegranate between them.

Hendin 459

1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Unknown King, 80 - 70 BC70 viewsAR tdr., 15,82gr., 28,2mm;
Sellw. 30.4, Sh --, Sunrise 312 (this coin)(Arsakes XVI., 78/77 - 62/61 BC);
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12H;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, knot, and ribbon; medium h-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; cuirass; dotted border 18:30 - 13h; young face;
rev: archer, right, on throne, w/bow; monogr. above bow; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY (ΘEO)ΠATOPOΣ (EY)EPΓETOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNO(Σ);

ex: The New York Sale, Baldwin Auction XXXvii (5. Jan. 2016),
ex: The Sunrise Collection, p.182, #312.

A Sunrise plate coin, also in:, Les Différents Types.
3 commentsSchatz
Italy, Rome - part of Aqua Claudia (aquaduct) near Basilica of St. John Lateran70 viewsJohny SYSEL
Caesarea, Septimus Severus, 193-211 AD, 17.77g, AE27.570 viewsObverse: Bust to r
Reverse: Severus as founder, wearing toga, ploughing with bull and cow; above, Nike. Latin inscription: COL P[R FL] AVG F C. Kadman, 1957, 63; Rosenberger II, 48.
70 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
r/ XL retrograde
Sear 1600 - Follis - 797-802 AD - Constantinople mint70 viewsEmpress: Irene (r. 797-802 AD)
Date: 797-802 AD
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: - [
Bust of Irene facing, wearing loros and crown with cross, pinnacles, and pendilia. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, cross scepter.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, cross; To left, //; To right, //; Beneath, .

Constantinople mint
DO 2; Sear 1600
4.47g; 22.6mm; 180°
Antioch AR4Drachm Prieur 375 Philip I Billon Tetradrachm of Syria, Antioch. Dated 3rd consulship = 248 AD.70 viewsAntioch AR4Drachm
Prieur 375 Philip I Billon Tetradrachm of Syria, Antioch. Dated 3rd consulship = 248 AD. AVTOK K M IOVLI FILIPPOC CEB, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / DEMARC EXOVCIAC VPATO G, eagle standing right with wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA SC below. BMC 512, SNGCop 265.

Antonivs Protti
012 Istvan II., (Stephen-II.) King of Hungary, (1116-1131 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-039, #0170 views012 Istvan II., (Stephen-II.) King of Hungary, (1116-1131 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-039, #01
avers:- Cross in quadrilobe with dots in the angles, crosses between the crescents; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,2 mm, weight: 0,28 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-039, CHN-1-071, Huszar-084, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Iustinianus I (527-565) 16 nummi (AE)70 viewsObv.: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (Draped bust of emperor) Rev.: I central, A S P in field Exergue: TES Diameter: 22 mm Weight: 6,51 g SB 175

Though Justinian is often hailed as the greatest of the Byzantine emperors, his Gothic Wars as well as lavish building projects in Ravenna and Constantinople proved to be a very costly affair. The empire was as good as bankrupt when Justinian passed away. The hexagonal shape of the coin is typical for this type.
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,70 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,
avers:- + TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-cX); border of dots.
revers:- + m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: h/cX//--, were srucked by Christophorus de Florentia, (by Pohl). diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-e., CNH-2-156, Huszar-618, Pohl-175-05,
Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel (New York, New York)70 viewsAE token, 32.7 mm., 10.639 gr., undated (but probably issued in 1923 or 1928).

Obv: THE GREAT DRIVE FOR A HOME FOR THE AGED and 232 E. 10 ST., along toothed rim, HELP US/BUILD above building and HOME OF THE/SONS AND DAUGHTERS/OF ISRAEL below building.

Rev: CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR along toothed rim, HELP US/AND/GOD/WILL/HELP YOU between busts of woman and bearded man.

Ref: Meshorer, Coins Reveal 147; Kenny, So-Called Dollars 229; Leonard, Jr., Robert D. “Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel: Its History and Contribution Tokens.” The Shekel, XXXVIII No. 6 (Nov. to Dec. 2005). pp. 14-23 (this token is depicted as Obverse A); Randolph, Marc A. “Jewish Homes for the Aged Tokens,” The Shekel, XXXVI No. 3 (May-June 2003) 14-19, Figure 5; ANS Database 2000.1.511.

Note: Organized in 1909 and incorporated in 1912, the Home acquired 230 East Tenth Street in December 1914. The adjacent 232 East Tenth Street was acquired by April 1915, and in May 1919 plans for a new building, encompassing both addresses, were approved. On June 21, 1925 the Home expanded into yet a third adjacent building on East Tenth Street. On December 22, 1935, it relocated to a larger building at 232-38 East Twelfth Street, where it remained in operation until the mid-1960s.

Note: There was a $400,000 fund drive in 1923 and a $100,000 fund drive in 1928, and this token could have been issued in connection with either of those events.

Note: Leonard noted that these tokens were made in such large numbers that three obverse dies were required (the designation of obverse and reverse on these is arbitrary, and I refer to the side which Leonard termed the obverse as the reverse). The differences noted by Leonard pertain to the distance between the rim and the words CONTRIBUTION and ONE DOLLAR, the relief of the woman, especially at the shoulder, and the man’s bust. But there are also others. This token is Leonard Obverse A (described by Leonard as CONTRIBUTION/ONE DOLLAR far from rim, woman in high relief).

ex Robert J. Leonard, Jr. collection.
Julia Domna, Matri Castrorvm70 viewsJulia Domna
Ar Denarius

draped bust right

Julia standing left holding patera and sacrificing over altar, two standards before

RIC IVa 567; BMC.164.57v.
wildwinds example
1 commentsarizonarobin
Julia Domna, Ceres70 viewsJulia Domna

Draped bust right

Ceres seated left, holding corn-ears and long torcha

Hill 424. RIC 546. BMC 10. C. 14.
Ar Denarius
2 commentsarizonarobin
Judea. Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 B.C.)70 viewsHendin 469 (4th ed), Hendin 1150 (5th ed), TJC Group K (K9), AJC I, Group Ca

AE Prutah, average weight 1.71 ± 0.03 grams, 14-16 mm.

Obv: Anchor surrounded by legend (in Greek): BASILEUS ALEXANDPOY (of King Alexander).

Rev: Eight-pointed star in diadem, between rays the legend (in paleo-Hebrew): Y.H.N.T.N.H.ML.K
(Yehonatan the King).
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #0170 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; Lily-Patriarchal Cross, border of dots.
revers:+KAROLVS:REX:hVnGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies; line border.
exe, mint mark: lily/Patriarchal Cross//-- were srucked by Nicolaus Szatmari (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 1,08g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Esztergom, date: 1334 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-378a, CNH-2-008, Huszar-479, Pohl-36-02,
Khwarezm Shahs - 'Ala al-Din Muhammad70 viewsKhwarezm Shahs, 'Ala al-Din Muhammad, AD 1200-1220, Billon fiduciary coin, Ghidrifi (fiduciary dirham). Qunduz mint. Reverse: "as-sultan al-a/'zam 'Ala/ud-duniya wa ud-din". 4.28gm, 23mm, Rajput horseman type. Tye 240.5; Album 1739.
(Thanks to Tantalus for additinal information).
1 commentsdpaul7
CONSTANCE/KONSTANZ70 viewsCONSTANCE/KONSTANZ - AR Schilling, c. 1493. Obv.: Enthroned and nimbate St. Conrad. Rev.: City arms in tri-lobed border, eagle above. Ref.: Nau-18ff.dpaul7
Kroton, Bruttium70 views480-430 BC
AR Stater (20mm, 7.57g)
O: Tripod-lebes with lion's feet; heron standing right in left field, QPO to right, lemniscate serpents in ex.
R: Tripod-lebes incuse, with dentate border.
SNG ANS 312; SNG Cop 1764v
ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsEnodia
Macedon, Acanthos, 424-380 BC70 viewsSilver tetrobol, 16.4mm, 2.49g, EF
Forepart of kneeling bull left, head looking back. ΠE above / shallow quadripartite incuse square.
Sear GCV 1369; BMC Macedonia, pg 153, #6v; SNG Cop 16v; SNG ANS 44-46
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Constantinople70 viewsObv: Christ Standing
Rev: Emperor with Labarum and Globus Cruciger
Sear 2035
Akarnania, Leukas. Federal Coinage. Herakles/Acheloos70 viewsAkarnania, Federal Coinage (Akarnanian Confederacy), 3rd Century BC, Æ 23 - Leukas Head of Herakles right / Bearded head of river-god Acheloos right, trident above, APK monogram behind. BCD Akarnania 34; BMC 169, 16var.; Imhoof Blumer, A. 17, 5 var.ancientone
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,70 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!70 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//ΔSIS*, diameter:19-20mm, weight:2,34g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-114, p-438, R3!!!
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #170 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #1
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 r., Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #270 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #2
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, (2,J1 r.), Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
Lysimachus Posthujous Tetradrachm70 viewsCurrently unattributed.2 commentscliff_marsland
L. Cassius Q.f. Longinus Denarius 78 b.c.70 viewsL. Cassius Q.f. Longinus AR Denarius. 78 BC. Head of Libera left, L CASSI Q.F. behind / Head of Bacchus right, thrysus over shoulder Crawford 386/1; Syd 779.


Ex Moneta Nova
4 commentsPhiloromaos
017. Marcus Antonius.70 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Macedonia. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm (reverse)70 viewsCirca 325-315 B.C. Reverse. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, on throne, ALEXANDROU in right field, monogram in left field. Die shift. Price-211. Ex Berk. Mint State.1 commentsJason T
Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.70 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Julia Domna, Venus Barbaric / Unofficial 70 viewsJulia Domna
Ar Denarius; 2.9g; 18mm

draped bust right

Venus standing left holding apple and drawing out fold in drapery

barbaric copy of RIC 580/RSC 198
1 commentsRobin Ayers
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 38. Gordian III & Tranquillina, HrJ (2014) viewsGordian III & Tranquillina, AD 241-244
AE 28, 15.29g, 28.03mm, 225°
struck under governor Tertullianus
below in 2 lines TRANKVL / LEINA (AUG ligate)
Confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Tranquillina, draped and wearing stephane, l.
in r. field WN (ligate)
Tetrastyle temple, globe in pediment, in the central intercolumnarium Serapis, with kalathos, stg. facing,
raising r. hand and holding sceptre in l. hand.
in l. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1191 (1 ex., Löbbecke)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2054
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.
very rare (R6), about VF, green patina, double-strike on obv.
Egypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-6008, eagle left, L-E, across the field,70 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-6008, eagle left, L-E, across the field,
avers:- A-K-M-OVA-MAΞIMIANOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L - E (year 5), standing left, looking back, wreath in beak, star above left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 7,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 289-290 A.D., L-E, Year 5., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-6008, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.43-p-353,
Maximianus follis70 viewsGENIO POPVLI ROMANITibsi
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #170 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
0855-0886 AH - Mehmed II - Valentine #38 - Ottoman Mangir70 viewsSultan: Mehmed II (r. 1444-1448 AD, 1451-1481 AD)
Date: 1451-1481 AD (855-886 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Muh bin (Murad)

Reverse: Kallad mulkah (Adrina)

Edirne (Adrina) mint
Valentine #38
1.37g; 14.0mm; 180°

Note: If I don't have this coin oriented correctly, please tell me how to. Thank you.
1 commentsPep
Middlesex 108070 viewsObv: . SPENCE A STATE PRISONER IN 1794, bust facing left, JAMES below it.

Rev: MUM • 1796, a padlock

Edge: Plain

Thomas Spence, Farthing Conder token

Dalton & Hamer: Middlesex 1080
SPQR Coins
Ottoman Empire. Mehmet II el-Fatih (“the Conqueror”) (2nd reign; 855-886 A.H. = 1451-1481 A.D.)70 viewsAlbum 1308.3, Sreckovic III 134, Sultan type 3-180.

AR akche dated 875 A.H. = 1470/71 A.D., Constantinople (Konstantiniye) mint, 11-12 mm.

Obv: Mehmed bin / Murad han / azze nasruhu / 875 (= Mehmed son of / Lord Murad / may his victory be glorious / 875), pellet in field, all within a circle.

Rev: khallada / mulkahu duriba be / Konstantiniye (may his kingdom / flourish, struck in / Constantinople), within a circle.
Misterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #0770 viewsMisterium Plakett, Lead, Romae, #07
diameter: mm,
mint: ,
1 commentsquadrans
moneta 451 large.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Macrinus and Diadumenian, Markianopolis, AE2770 viewsobv: Facing busts of Macrinus and his son Diadumenian
rev: Apollo standing left, his head right, holding beside snake coiled around tree at right. E in left field.
Struck 217-218 A.D. at Markianopolis
Hristova/Jekov No.
1 commentsJericho
moneta 527.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Markianopolis, AE2570 viewsobv: Facing busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
rev: Tetrastyle temple with peaked roof, statue of Serapis within holding right hand upraised & scepter in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Markianopolis
Moushmov 508
1 commentsJericho
Mysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,70 viewsMysia, Pergamon, (Early 3rd Cent. B.C.), AR-Diobol, McClean 7668, ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing,
avers: Head of young beardless Herakles right.
revers: ΠERΓAMH, Cult statue of Athena facing, brandishing spear and holding shield.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 1,25g, axes: 10h,
mint: Mysia, Pergamon,
date: Early 3rd Cent. B.C., ref: McClean 7668
Magnvs Maximvs - Spes Romanorvm70 viewsArles
very scarce
1 commentsantvwala
normal_M Aurelius Sestertius-RIC 931~0.JPG
M Aurelius Sestertius-RIC 93170 viewsAE Sestertius, Rome mint, 166AD,
Obverse:M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right,
Reverse: TR POT XX IMP IIII COS III S C, Victory standing front holding palm and placing shield inscribed VIC PAR on palm tree
RIC 931
31mm, 24.0gm
2 commentsJerome Holderman
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,70 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-VI-CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left.
exerg: -/-//KAB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 410C, p-195,
Orodes V, Drachm70 viewsOrodes V, End 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Orodes left wearing long beard divided into two points. Tuft of hair on top of head. Double diadem with ties falling on the back.
Rev: Bust of Artemis left. Head adorned with a tiara surmounted by a row of beads. Anchor in left field.

Weight: 1.9 grams
Die axis 2 o'clock

van't Haaff 18.1.1-2A
de Morgan 57
Sear GIC 5917
BMC 28 282 6ff (listed for Orodes IV)
Howard Cole
Ionia, Smyrna, 075 Otacilia Severa (? - 249? A.D.), (third Neokoros), BMC 445, AE-22, Herakles,70 viewsIonia, Smyrna, 075 Otacilia Severa (? - 249? A.D.), (third Neokoros), BMC 445, AE-22, Herakles,
revers: - CMΥRNAIΩN Γ NEΩKORΩN, ( Γ are = third Neokoros), Herakles, naked, standing left, holding kantharos and club, lionskin over arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22 mm, weight: 4,26 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Ionia, Smyrna, date: B.C., ref: SNG Aulock 2232 (same obv. die), same obvers are Gordian III, SNG vA 2230 or BMC 445,
1 commentsquadrans
Third_RIC 2270 viewsThe Otho on horseback type is my favourite. This coin shows clashed die damage on reverse - the line following Otho's forehead and hairline can be seen right to the horse's hind feet. 3.05 gr, die-axis 6.jmuona
Second_RIC 670 viewsTogether with RIC 2, this is by far the rarest Otho type. About 10 coins are known.jmuona
Agrippa II Domitian,Hendin-60970 viewsAgrippa II, 55-95 AD, bronze of 11.7 mm, Struck 85/85 AD.
O: Laureate bust of Domitian to right.
R: Single cornucopia with grapes and fruits.
Hendin 609.
1 commentsMaritima
PRECOLUMBIAN70 viewsWari. c.950 AD. h.14,1 cms.benito
Pakistan70 viewsKm29 - 1 Paisa - 1971
Km18 - 5 Pice - 1961
Km35 - 5 Paisa - 1975 FAO issue
Km52 - 5 Paisa - 1988
Km21 - 10 Paisa - 1962
Km27 - 10 Paisa - 1965
Km57.2 - 1 Rupee - 1984
Daniel F
[2410a] Mysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC.70 viewsMysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC. AE 14mm (1.94 gm). Obverse: Athena in Attic helmet right. Reverse: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; bow. SNG France 5, 1683. Good very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.

The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It was planned by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was built over a period from 1910 to 1930. It houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar. Sections of The Telephos Frieze, originaly composed of the sequnce of 52 panels--only some scenes of this beautiful frieze were "saved" by German archeologists in the 19th century--are exhibited there.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC–197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC–158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–129 BC)

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Thrace, Philippopolis. Commodus AE1970 viewsObv: AV M A AV KOMODOC. Emperor bust r.
Rev: FILIPPOPOLEITWN. Demeter, veiled, standing left holding corn-ears and torch.
Philip I, AE27, Varbanov I 134 Variation70 viewsPhilip I
Augustus, 244 – 249 A.D.

Coin: AE27

Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and curiassed bust facing right.
Reverse: P M S C-OL VIM, personification of Moesia, standing, facing to the left, standing between a Bull, to the left and a Lion, to the right. ANVI in exergue.

Weight: 15.46 g, Diameter: 27 x 27.8 x 2.6 mm, Die axis: 200°, Mint: Viminacium, Year: VI (244 A.D.), Reference: Varbanov I 134 variation

Rated Rare (R2, 1000 - 1500 examples known)

Legions VII Claudia (emblem: Bull) & IV Flavia (emblem: Lion) were garrisoned in Viminacium
C. 445-420 BC
Obv: Facing bulls head
Rev: Head of Artemis in incuse square
Super metal and detail
Williams 242a pl 8 (this coin)

Ex. Roderick T Williams Collection, Baldwin's Auction 75, September 26, 2012, lot 2274.

Published: Silver Coinage of the Phokians, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 7 (London, 1972), 242a Plate 8
5 commentspaul1888
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus GERMANICVS MAX V70 viewsGallienus, c. 258-259 A.D., Cologne mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield.
REV: GERMANICVS MAX V, two German captives seated at the foot of a trophy.
2 commentsancientcoins
Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius70 viewsRoman Republic • Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius
3.63g, 5h, Rome Mint.
Laureate Head of Jupiter right, SC behind/Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, palm frond and wreath, B below horses.
Crawford 364/1dSydenham 742b, Antonia 1.
CNG grade: Superb EF, lightly toned. My annotation: Reverse struck off center.
Larry M2
Plautilla, Denarius, Rome 204 A.D.70 viewsPlautilla AR Denarius Rome RIC IV 369. Struck 204 A.D. 18 mm diam.
Obverse - PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA. Draped bust right
Reverse - VENVS VICTRIX. Venus standing left, brease exposed, holding apple and palm and resting left elbow on shield. Cupid standing left at her feet. Scarce
1 commentsNORMAN K
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Pietas standing left, holding two children, two children at her feets.

Antoninianus struck 266 in TRIER, second group 4° emission
C.230 - RIC.320 - Elmer 395 - Cunetio 2428 - AGK.58
2 commentsgb29400
Probus antoninianus70 viewsROMAE AETERTibsi
Punic - Carthago - Shekel70 viewsPunic - Carthago - Shekel
Shekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 175
2 commentsTanit
Schjöth 1466, Hartill 6.58-59 Type B1, KM 39070 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1740-1745 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), 25 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

Type B coins have smaller characters than Type A coins, a Z yi, a closed head tong, a round head boo, and no privy marks. Type B1 coins have a broad rims, a distinct gap between the os of boo, and a diameter around 25 mm.

Hartill rarity 11
1 commentsStkp
Quietus, 260 - c. 261 A.D.-70 viewsBillon antoninianus, RIC 9, RSC 11, VF, 5.27g, 23.4mm, 0o, Antioch mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory in right and scepter on left, star left, two dots in exergue; attractive sandy green patina; rare (R2); 1 commentssalem
RI 045a img.jpg
045 - Sabina denarius - RIC 39570 viewsObv:– SABINA AVGVSTA, Diademed and draped bust right, hair in queue down neck
Rev:– IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing left with patera & scepter
Mint – Rome
Reference RIC 395
RIC 0265 Domitianus70 viewsObv: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, Laureate hea right
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Lighetf and garlanded altar
AU/Aureus (19.76 mm 6.785 g 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A.D.
RIC 265 (R, Titus), BMCRE 91 (Titus), BNF 74-75 (Titus), Trier Hoard 1809 (same dies)
ex Roma Numismatics Auction XII lot 706
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #170 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #1
avers: M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCIP I IVV ENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axes:11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
132 - Probus - RIC 624 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIV)70 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left right hand raised, left holding scepter (without captive)
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 5 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 624 Bust type H. Alföldi type 5, n° 96

New image of old coin.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
35370 viewsRevolt of Poemenius, 353 AD
AE Maiorina
Diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Christogram between alpha and omega
[TRP *]
Trier mint
RIC VIII Trier 332/5
47570 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
587cf70 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Obv "......AVSIVS PE A"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "VBERVTA ....."
Cow standing right being milked
London mint (?)
RIC - (cf 587-8)
roma combined.JPG
Annonymous Issue under Furius Purpurio70 viewsAR 18 mm 3.6g 169-158 BC
OBV :: Helmeted head of Roma right with cross behind
REV :: Roma riding biga. Murex shell above, PVR below horses
purchased 09/2007

Discovered , thanks to Steve Minnoch , that the coin has a " code" on it or a type of anagram..this was apparently common in that era

the PVR below the horses combined with the murex shell wich was used for purple die , Purpura = (purple) gives the name of the moneyer. in this case Purpurio so ...PVR + PURPURA = Purpurio, sort of a pun for a lack of a better word, but still very interesting
roma commem.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE - Roma Commemorative70 viewsURBS ROMA "She-wolf & twins" THREE DOTS -- Issued as part of the celebration of the two great cities within the empire, Rome and the new Rome, Constantinople." Obv: VRBS ROMA - Roma, helmeted bust right, wearing imperial mantle Rev: no legend - She-wolf and twins; above which are two stars divided by three vertical dots. Nicomedia mint: AD 330-335 = RIC VII #195 (R1), 2.85 g. dpaul7
Rome, Lead Seal, #10,70 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #10,quadrans
Roman Republic, L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus, 63 B.C.70 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 414/1, Sydenham 902a, RSC I Furia 23a, SRCV I 365, EF, nice style, bold strike, light marks, 3.912g, 19.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 63 B.C.; obverse III - VIR / BROCCI, head of Ceres right, wearing wreath of grain, lock of hair falls down neck, between wheat-ear and barley kernel; reverse L•FVRI / CN• F, curule chair between two fasces with axes.

The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.

From the Sam Mansourati collection. / NO RR 133.
2 commentsSam
RPC-1648-Vespasian70 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.).
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
JULIUS CAESAR (d. 44 BC), AR denarius, struck February-March 44 BC, moneyer C. Cossutius Maridianus70 viewsObverse- Wreathed and veiled head of Caesar right, DICT IN PERPETVO behind, CAESAR before.
Reverse- moneyer's name with Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting elbow on shield on globe.

RSC10, 19mm, 3.17g.

NGC VG ("bankers marks", Strike 3/5, Surface 2/5), cert. #4095350-001.
Ex- Imperial Coins & Artifacts, January 2011, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: This coin might be an "ugly duckling", but it's got a ton of history. When it came time to pursue a Twelve Caesars collection, I knew that nothing but a lifetime portrait issue of Caesar would do for me, though I probably could have had one of those interesting "elephants" or a more attractive "goddess head" design in better condition for less. This time I chose historical significance over eye appeal. This coin would have been struck just before Caesar's assassination on the fateful Ides of March, perhaps in that very month. It wasn't easy finding one within my $500/coin budgetary ceiling at the time, but this one came in under that price... barely.
4 commentslordmarcovan
Russia 1913 Silver 10 Kopek70 viewsRussian Empire
Nicholas II - Silver 10 Kopek
2 commentsrexesq
Bulgaria: Mihail Assen III Šišman (1323-1330) AR Grosh (Raduchev & Zhekov Type 1.11.3)70 viewsObv: Christ enthroned facing, IC XC across field
Rev: MICHAEL ASENX (S retrograde), Mihail and St. Mark (?) standing facing, holding banner between them; I/P to left of banner
Saladin (Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub).jpg
Salah ad-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub70 viewsHis name in Arabic, in full, is SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB ("Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job"), also called AL-MALIK AN-NASIR SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF I (b. 1137/38, Tikrit, Mesopotamia--d. March 4, 1193, Damascus), Muslim sultan of Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, and the most famous of Muslim heroes.

In wars against the Christian crusaders, he achieved final success with the disciplined capture of Jerusalem (Oct. 2, 1187), ending its 88-year occupation by the Franks. The great Christian counterattack of the Third Crusade was then stalemated by Saladin's military genius.

Saladin was born into a prominent Kurdish family. On the night of his birth, his father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, gathered his family and moved to Aleppo, there entering the service of 'Imad ad-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria. Growing up in Ba'lbek and Damascus, Saladin was apparently an undistinguished youth, with a greater taste for religious studies than military training.

His formal career began when he joined the staff of his uncle Asad ad-Din Shirkuh, an important military commander under the amir Nureddin, son and successor of Zangi. During three military expeditions led by Shirkuh into Egypt to prevent its falling to the Latin-Christian (Frankish) rulers of the states established by the First Crusade, a complex, three-way struggle developed between Amalric I, the Latin king of Jerusalem, Shawar, the powerful vizier of the Egyptian Fatimid caliph, and Shirkuh. After Shirkuh's death and after ordering Shawar's assassination, Saladin, in 1169 at the age of 31, was appointed both commander of the Syrian troops and vizier of Egypt.

His relatively quick rise to power must be attributed not only to the clannish nepotism of his Kurdish family but also to his own emerging talents. As vizier of Egypt, he received the title king (malik), although he was generally known as the sultan. Saladin's position was further enhanced when, in 1171, he abolished the Shi'i Fatimid caliphate, proclaimed a return to Sunnah in Egypt, and consequently became its sole ruler.

Although he remained for a time theoretically a vassal of Nureddin, that relationship ended with the Syrian emir's death in 1174. Using his rich agricultural possessions in Egypt as a financial base, Saladin soon moved into Syria with a small but strictly disciplined army to claim the regency on behalf of the young son of his former suzerain.
Soon, however, he abandoned this claim, and from 1174 until 1186 he zealously pursued a goal of uniting, under his own standard, all the Muslim territories of Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt.

This he accomplished by skillful diplomacy backed when necessary by the swift and resolute use of military force. Gradually, his reputation grew as a generous and virtuous but firm ruler, devoid of pretense, licentiousness, and cruelty. In contrast to the bitter dissension and intense rivalry that had up to then hampered the Muslims in their resistance to the crusaders, Saladin's singleness of purpose induced them to rearm both physically and spiritually.

Saladin's every act was inspired by an intense and unwavering devotion to the idea of jihad ("holy war")-the Muslim equivalent of the Christian crusade. It was an essential part of his policy to encourage the growth and spread of Muslim religious institutions.

He courted its scholars and preachers, founded colleges and mosques for their use, and commissioned them to write edifying works especially on the jihad itself. Through moral regeneration, which was a genuine part of his own way of life, he tried to re-create in his own realm some of the same zeal and enthusiasm that had proved so valuable to the first generations of Muslims when, five centuries before, they had conquered half the known world.

Saladin also succeeded in turning the military balance of power in his favour-more by uniting and disciplining a great number of unruly forces than by employing new or improved military techniques. When at last, in 1187, he was able to throw his full strength into the struggle with the Latin crusader kingdoms, his armies were their equals. On July 4, 1187, aided by his own military good sense and by a phenomenal lack of it on the part of his enemy, Saladin trapped and destroyed in one blow an exhausted and thirst-crazed army of crusaders at Hattin, near Tiberias in northern Palestine.

So great were the losses in the ranks of the crusaders in this one battle that the Muslims were quickly able to overrun nearly the entire Kingdom of Jerusalem. Acre, Toron, Beirut, Sidon, Nazareth, Caesarea, Nabulus, Jaffa (Yafo), and Ascalon (Ashqelon) fell within three months.

But Saladin's crowning achievement and the most disastrous blow to the whole crusading movement came on Oct. 2, 1187, when Jerusalem, holy to both Muslim and Christian alike, surrendered to the Sultan's army after 88 years in the hands of the Franks. In stark contrast to the city's conquest by the Christians, when blood flowed freely during the barbaric slaughter of its inhabitants, the Muslim reconquest was marked by the civilized and courteous behaviour of Saladin and his troops. His sudden success, which in 1189 saw the crusaders reduced to the occupation of only three cities, was, however, marred by his failure to capture Tyre, an almost impregnable coastal fortress to which the scattered Christian survivors of the recent battles flocked. It was to be the rallying point of the Latin counterattack.

Most probably, Saladin did not anticipate the European reaction to his capture of Jerusalem, an event that deeply shocked the West and to which it responded with a new call for a crusade. In addition to many great nobles and famous knights, this crusade, the third, brought the kings of three countries into the struggle.

The magnitude of the Christian effort and the lasting impression it made on contemporaries gave the name of Saladin, as their gallant and chivalrous enemy, an added lustre that his military victories alone could never confer on him.

The Crusade itself was long and exhausting, and, despite the obvious, though at times impulsive, military genius of Richard I the Lion-Heart, it achieved almost nothing. Therein lies the greatest-but often unrecognized--achievement of Saladin. With tired and unwilling feudal levies, committed to fight only a limited season each year, his indomitable will enabled him to fight the greatest champions of Christendom to a draw. The crusaders retained little more than a precarious foothold on the Levantine coast, and when King Richard set sail from the Orient in October 1192, the battle was over.

Saladin withdrew to his capital at Damascus. Soon, the long campaigning seasons and the endless hours in the saddle caught up with him, and he died. While his relatives were already scrambling for pieces of the empire, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his own grave.

H.A.R. Gibb, "The Arabic Sources for the Life of Saladin," Speculum, 25:58-72 (1950). C.W. Wilson's English translation of one of the most important Arabic works, The Life of Saladin (1897), was reprinted in 1971. The best biography to date is Stanley Lane-Poole, Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, new ed. (1926, reprinted 1964), although it does not take account of all the sources.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
SAYN-WITTGENSTEIN/MINDEN70 viewsSAYN-WITTGENSTEIN/MINDEN mint. II Mariengroschen, 1656. dpaul7
Sear 193470 viewsAlexius I Comnenus (1081-1118 CE) Half-tetarteron, weight 1.72g, diameter 16mm. Unknown mint in Cyprus. Older catalogues attribute this rare type to the Thessalonica mint, but the fact that almost all specimens where the provenance is known originate in Cyprus makes the case for the coins having been struck on that island very strong. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
Sear 202270 viewsLatin occupation of Constantinople (1204 – 1261 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.4g , diameter 29mm. This is Hendy’s “Latin Type B”, large module, attributed to the years 1210-1220, overlapping the last years of Henry of Flanders (1205-1216) and the succeeding troubled period following the election of Peter II of Courteney. Abu Galyon
Billion trachy lg module, clipped type 0 SB 203570 viewsObverse: Christ stg on dias fr. hand raised in benediction
Reverse: Emperor wearing stemma, short military tunic, breastplate, sagion holding labarum in r. and gl cr. in l.
Mint: Constantinople
Date:1230- 1260 CE
Sear 2035 Hendy type O attributed mostly to Baldwin de Courtenai by Malloy et al
18mm .51gm
Septimus Severus70 viewsRIC Vol IV - 1 Sept Severus 144b ; BMCRE 139 ; Rome mint

Found as a crusty in an uncleaned lot of 100.
2 commentsGhengis_Jon
Septimius Severus Heliopolis70 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Heliopolis. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ 24mm (10.50 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Aerial perspective of the temple of Zeus Heliopolitanus. SNG Copenhagen -; BMC 2; Price & Trell 702. VF, dark green patina, earthen deposits. ex. CNG1 commentsfordicus
Serdica Caracalla Caecina Largus (198-99AD)70 viewsCaracalla


AE29 14.50g

Caecina Largus (198-99AD)

Draped and cuirassed bust right

River-god Oiskos reclining left, holding water plant

Cf. Varbanov (E) III 2122; cf. Hr/J p. 104 (different rev. die); cf. Mionnet Supp. II p.488 #1678 (longer ethnic CEPΔIKHC); idem Mushmov monnaies et les ateliers monetaires de Serdica p. 71 #112; idem Ruzicka p. 24 #98 (depicted tafel VI).
Petrus Elmsley
Severus Alexander, Markianopolis, Homonoia, AE2870 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235 AD
AE28, 11.2g
obv: AVT K M AVP CEVN ALEXANΔROC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: HΓOV M TEREBENTINOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN Homonoia standing facing, head left, holding cornucopia in left, patera over altar in right
1 commentsareich
Thracia, Perinthos, Severus Alexander Varbanov 407270 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 232-235
AE 35, 19.8g
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
Triptolemos with chlamys behind stg. in biga r., drawn by two winged snakes,
joined by yoke
Schönert pl. 45, 737 (same dies); Varbanov 4072 (same dies)
Rare; VF, nice green-brown patina
added to

TRIPTOLEMOS, son of Keleos of Eleusis, is said to get wheat from Demeter with the order to spread the cultivation of grain over the world. So he is one of the great founders of civilization. In his snake biga he came to Thracia, where he was killed by Lynkos, who then was transformed into a lynx. (Ovid Metam. V, 642-661)

PERINTHOS was called HERACLEA (THRACICA) after the time of Aurelian.
2 commentsJochen
[318smy] Ionia, Smyrna. Circa 125-115 B.C. AE; Homereion70 viewsIonia, Smyrna. Circa 125-115 B.C. AE 23mm/ Homereum (7.95 gm). Eymelos and Ippyroy, Magistrate. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: ΣΜΥΡΝΑΙΩΝ – EYMHΛΟΣ I/ ΙΠΠYΡOY, the poet Homer seated left, holding staff and scroll. Milne 221. Very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.

There are many ways that the poems of Homer have influenced us. Our notions of heroes (Odysseus, Achilles, Hector, etc.); faithfulness (Penelope); deception or cleverness (the Trojan horse); temptation (the Lotus Eaters, the Sirens)--the list goes on--have been shaped by The Illiad and The Odyssey. The cultural and literary significance of these two epic poems are difficult to exagerate.

Strabo mentions this issue of bronze coinage from Smyrna specifically when, discussing the city, he says ". . . there is also a library; and the 'Homereum', a quadrangular portico containing a shrine and wooden statue of Homer; for the Smyrnaeans also lay especial claim to the poet and indeed a bronze coin of theirs is called a Homereum" (Strabo, Geographica XIV, I.37, transl. by H.C. Jones, The Geography of Strabo, VI [Loeb, 1960], pp. 245-247).

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Julia Domna, Stobi70 viewsAVGVSTA-IVLIAPIA
draped bust right

Nike advancing right with wreath and palm frond

V74, R unlisted
4 commentsarizonarobin
275 AD - Tacitus - 275-276 AD - Pax70 viewsIMPCMCLATACITVSAVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
PAXAVG - Pax striding left, holding scepter and branch, Q in exergue

Ticinium Mint, References RIC-147, Cohen 67

Nicely silvered, with beatiful dark toning, much nicer in hand
Thasos stater70 viewsca. 500 BC
22 mm, 9.52 g
obv: satyr advancing right, carrying protesting nymph
rev: quadripartite incuse
2 commentsareich
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!70 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5,B4.l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113, p-512,, R4!!!
Roman Empire, Tiberius Denarius70 viewsTiberius denarius Group 4, c. 18 - 35 A.D. Lugdunum mint, 17.5mm., 3.79g.
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS; One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
R: PONTIF MAXIM; No base under the throne (just the single exergual line), Pax usually holds scepter (or rarely a reversed spear), her feet rest on a low footstool.
2 commentsNemonater
Tiberius, RIC 66, sestertius of AD 36-37 (Quadriga)70 viewsÆ sestertius (25.9g, Ø36mm, 12h) Rome mint, struck AD 36-37.
Obv.: Empty quadriga advancing right, side ornamented with trophy, Victory and captive.
RIC 66 (S); Sear (RCV 2K) 1765
1 commentsCharles S
Titus RIC-12970 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 129 (C). BMC 80. RSC 323.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod with fillets; above, dolphin
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, October 2008.

Rarer left facing portrait of the type. The right facing example was probably minted at a ratio of 10:1 compared to the left facing.

Another tough coin to track down. Nicely centered with a better than average portrait.
1 commentsvespasian70
Moesia Inferior, Tomis. Commodus AE27. Bust of Sarapis70 viewsObv: ΑΥΤO Κ Λ ΑΙΛ ΑΥΡ ΚΟΜΟΔΟΣ. laureate head of Commodus, r.
Rev: ΜΗΤΡΟΠ ΠΟΝΤΟΥ ΤΟΜΕΩΣ Δ . head of Sarapis wearing kalathos, r.
27 mm.,10.0 g.
die-axis: 7
AMNG 2694 var.
1 commentsancientone
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Genius or Bon Eventus standing left, holding patera
RIC 347, C 276
2.74 g
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, Follis, Trier70 viewsCommemorative Series. AD 330-354. Æ Follis (17mm, 2.61 g, 6h).
Treveri (Trier) mint, 2nd officina. Struck under Constantine I, AD 332-333. Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left / She-wolf standing left, head right, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above; TR•S. RIC VII 542; LRBC 65. EF, gray-brown patina.

From the collection of the MoneyMuseum, Zurich. Ex Münz Zentrum Köln 104 (6 September 2000), lot 613.
1 commentsLeo
Unk half follis70 viewsObverse: Bust facing Helmeted cuir?, holding gl cr.
Reverse Large K
Mint: ?
Date: ?
23mm, 6.09g
Paper Thin w/Cross reverse?70 views15mm .72g1 commentscasata137ec
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, AE3 ISSUE of Cyzicus. Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I.70 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMKΔ.
RIC VII : 91.
v2053LG bk.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire, Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), AR Drachm70 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
1eq Valens70 views364-378

AE 3, Siscia

Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, D N VALENS P F AVG
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm, SECVRITAS REIPUBLICAE. Mintmark dot ASISC.

RIC 7b

Zosimus recorded: [Valentinian was an experienced military man, but] Valens was surrounded with disquietude on every side, having always lived inactively, and having been raised to the empire suddenly. He could not indeed sustain the weight of business. He was disturbed, not by the Persians only, who were elated with their prosperity, which had increased since their truce with Jovian. They made incursions on the provinces without controul, since Nisibis was in their possession, and by distressing the eastern towns, constrained the emperor to march against them. On his departure from Constantinople, the rebellion of Procopius commenced. . . .

{With Valentiniand dead,] Valens was inundated with wars on every side. . . . [Valens' advisers] persuaded him to |107 march forward with his whole army; that the Barbarians were almost destroyed, and the emperor might gain a victory without trouble. Their counsel, though the least prudent, so far prevailed, that the emperor led forth his whole army without order. The Barbarians resolutely opposed them, and gained so signal a victory, that they slew all, except a few with whom the emperor fled into an unfortified village. The Barbarians, therefore, surrounded the place with a quantity of wood, which they set on fire. All who had fled thither, together with the inhabitants, were consumed in the tlames, and in such a manner, that the body of the emperor could never be found.
VENICE - Antonio Priuli70 viewsVENICE - Antonio Priuli (1618-1623) AE Soldo. Obv.: Lion of St. Mark facing kneeling Dodge with cross stave. Rev.: Nimbate Saint Mark stands facing. Ref.: EK-1194.dpaul7
Vespasian 70 viewsCappadocia, Vespasian (69-79), AR Didrachm, Caesarea, c. AD 76-77;
R: NIKH - CEBACTH, Nike standing r., holding palm branch and wreath. RPC 1647
4 commentsNemonater
Moesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-03-02, -/-//AN I, AE-As, #170 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-03-02, -/-//AN I, AE-As, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSCO-L-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: -/-//AN I, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 239-240 A.D., ref: Pick-073, PM-1-03-2,
Vitellius denier.jpg
Vitellius - denarius70 viewsA. VITELLIVS GERM. IMP. AVG. TR.P. ; laureate bust right.
XV VIR SACR. FAC. ; dolphin on globe resting on tripod, raven beneath.
Taras, Calabria70 views380-325 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (7mm, 0.15g, 7h)
O: Head of nymph Satyra right, within dotted border.
R: Kantharos; three pellets around.
Vlasto 1220
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsEnodia
Lucilla (164 - 182 A.D.)70 viewsAR Denarius
R: VOTA / PVBLI / CA, Legend in three lines within wreathm dot in middle.
RIC III 791 RSC 98
6 commentsMat
xia xia tian sheng.jpg
CHINA - TIAN SHENG70 viewsCash Coin, Xi Xia (Western Xia) Dynasty - Xia Emperor Ren Zong - Tian Sheng Reign (1149-1169). H-18.97. S-1078. dpaul7
York 970 viewsThe remains of a side room with painted wall plaster from the Roman headquarters building, visible in the "undercroft" of York Minster. The bust displayed in the front of the photo is thought to be that of Constantine I.mauseus
Zangid Mosul Qutb al-Din Mawdud bin Zangi70 viewsOb. Facing head with two Nikes above
Rev. Modud's legend

Ae Dirhem
1161-1162 AD (probably (SS59) therefore 1162 AD) - Thanks Manzikert
Ref Mitchiner 1118
Size 30mm


Yet another one of these but in lesser condition
1 commentsBacchus
a.ANONYMOUS AE Quarter-Litra 241-222 BC70 views
D/ Helmeted hd. of Diana r.
R/ Dog walking r.; in ex. ROMA

Syd. 22
69 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. “T. Duseaman, butcher”
CU Token (28mm, 10.84 g, 1h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837
Eagle standing left, with wings spread and head left, holding shield emblazoned with anchor; thirteens stars around
Rulau HT 204; Low 148; Corteau 71; Charlton LC-45; Breton 670

T. Duseaman never existed. This type was struck from a rejected die for the token of one Tobias Seaman, a butcher in Belleville. Mint workers added a U to the name and combined it with a damaged die from the Lower Canada series to produce this currency issue. Breton notes that the type is most often found in Canada, suggesting that it was deliberately produced at minimal cost for sale to Canadian brokers.
Mark Antony, Denarius69 viewsStruck in a travelling mint, moving with Mark Antony in 41 BC
ANT AVG IMP III VI R P C, Head of Mark Antony right
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left; at feet, stork; below, PIETAS COS
3,82 gr - 20 mm
Ref : Crawford # 516/2, Sydenham # 1174, HCRI # 241, C # 77
Ex. Auctiones.GmbH

The following comment is copied from NAC auction # 52/294 about the very rare corresponding aureus :
The year 41 B.C., when this aureus was struck at a mint travelling in the East with Marc Antony, was a period of unusual calm for the triumvir, who took a welcomed, if unexpected, rest after the great victory he and Octavian had won late in 42 B.C. against Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi. Antony’s original plan of organising an invasion of Parthia was put on hold after he sailed to Tarsus, where he had summoned Cleopatra VII, the Greek queen of Egypt. She was to defend herself against accusations that she had aided Brutus and Cassius before Philippi, but it is generally agreed that the summons was merely a pretext for Antony’s plan to secure aid for his Parthian campaign. Their meeting was anything but a source of conflict; indeed, they found much common ground, including their agreement that it was in their mutual interests to execute Cleopatra’s sister and rival Arsinoe IV, who had been ruling Cyprus. In addition to sharing political interests, the two agreed that Antony would winter in Egypt to share a luxurious vacation with Cleopatra that caused a further postponement of Antony’s designs on Parthia. Thus began another of the queen’s liaisons with noble Romans, a prior having been Julius Caesar (and, according to Plutarch, Pompey Jr. before him). During the course of his stay in Egypt Cleopatra was impregnated, which resulted in twins born to her in 40 B.C. But this care-free period was only a momentary calm in the storm, for trouble was brewing in both the East and the West. Early in 40 B.C. Syria was overrun by the Parthians, seemingly while Antony travelled to Italy to meet Octavian following the Perusine War, in which Octavian defeated the armies of Antony’s wife and brother. The conflict with Octavian was resolved when they signed a pact at Brundisium in October, and Syria was eventually recovered through the efforts of Antony’s commanders from 40 to 38 B.C.{/i]

5 commentsPotator II
Procopius 69 viewsProcopius AE3
20.5 mm 3.692 gm
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left;
Procopius holding labarum in right, resting left on shield, object on ground to left, Christogram above right, CONSΓ in ex;
5 commentsKoffy
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA TITI denarius RIC 387 (55a)69 viewsRome mint, c. AD 79-81
IVLIA AVGVSTA T AVG F, Bust of Julia right
VENVS AVG, Venus leaning on a column, holding helmet and sceptre
3.03 gr
Ref : RIC # 387 (55a), Cohen #12, RCV #2611
Potator II
DOMITIAN69 viewsAR denarius. Ephesus. 71 AD. 3,12 grs. Bust draped and cuirassed,wearing aegis,,head right. DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F / Female bust,draped and towered right. PACI ORB TERR AVG. Under bust E PHE (ligate).
RIC 350 (Vespasian),
2 commentsbenito
SICILY, KAMARINA, 420 - 410 BC69 viewsAE Onkia, 12mm, 1.3g

O. Gorgoneion en face
R. Owl standing right, holding lizard in it´s claws; KAMA to left; A to right, single dot below

Westermark, Kamarina Taf.32 Type A 177

Ex Gorny & Mosch Sale 200, #1209
4 commentsrobertpe
ROMAN EMPIRE, JULIA DOMNA Denarius, RIC 379c69 viewsRome mint, AD 215
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust of Julia Domna right
LVNA LVCIFERA, Luna in biga of horses left, a crescent above her head and drapery billowing in semi circle behind
2.95 gr, 19-20 mm
Ref : RCV # 7101, Cohen # 105 , RIC IV, I # 379c, Hill # 1477
Ex A. Lynn Collection ; Manhattan sale I #358
Ex Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Sale 6 # 538.
3 commentsPotator II
Plautilla, Denarius - bE469 viewsRome mint
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA FELIX, Caracalla and Plautilla face to face, shaking hands
3.41 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #7066 var, Cohen #12, RSC # 12, RIC-, BMC -, Hill –

I believe this type should be considered as transitionnal or an hybrid (as is the aA3) associating a 202 reverse type to a 204-205 bust type
1 commentsPotator II
Egypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,69 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,69 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Caracalla Orichalcum Sestertius69 viewsRIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same)., C198, BMCRE V 235
24.18 g, 30 mm
P M TR P XV COS III P P, S-C across fields, Mars standing l., holding Victory in r. hand and resting l. hand on shield, spear against l. arm; at feet, l., captive seated
RIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same). (RIC lists only COS IIII for this reverse and obverse.)
2 commentsMark Z2
ROMAN EMPIRE, GORDIAN III, antoninianus RIC 15369 viewsRome mint AD 243
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SECVRITAS PERPETUA, Securitas standing left, holding scepter and resting on column
6,95 gr, 25 mm
Ref : RIC #153, RCV #8661, Cohen #336
Ex FORVM ancient coins
3 commentsPotator II
Philippus II, Sestertius - *69 viewsRome mint, ca AD 245/246, 5th emission, 3rd officina
M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, draped bust of Philippus right, seen from behind
PRINCIPI I VVENT, Philippus II standing left, leaning on spear and holding globe
20.1 gr
Ref : RCV #9249, Cohen #55, RIC #256a
1 commentsPotator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0169 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,69 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-VII-IMP-IIII-COS-III-P-P, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181-82 A.D., ref: RIC-III-025, p-369, C-821,824,
Gallienus, Sestertius - *69 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right
CONCORDIA EXERCIT, Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia and patera.
18.5 gr
Ref : RIC # 209, Göbl # 15dd, Cohen #132, RCV #10467
1 commentsPotator II
Tetricus II, Antoninianus69 viewsC PIV [ESV TETRIC]VS CAES, Radiate and draped bust right
COMES AVG, Comes standing left
1.91 gr
Ref : Cohen # 6
2 commentsPotator II
Probus, Antoninianus 69 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #269 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #169 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: FORTVNA-REDVX, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopia, wheel below throne.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 243 A.D.(5th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-144, p-31, RSC-98,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #169 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #1
avers:- MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO REGINA, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) standing half-left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,2-21,2 mm, weight:3,82g, axis:5h,
mint: Local issue ???, date:after 249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III---, p-, C-, Rare !
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,69 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!! (known = 6), RSC 40var.,
1 commentsquadrans
Postumus69 viewsBetter photo

Postumus Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / VBERTAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse & caduceus. RIC V-II Cologne 330

Treveri (Trier) mint. 4th emission, 2nd phase, group 2. Struck AD 267. RIC V 330; Mairat 136.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Trebonianus Gallus, antoninianus. (Simpson & Boyd collection) 69 viewsTrebonianus Gallus (A.D. 251-253), antoniniano, zecca di Roma o Antiochia
AE, 2.60 gr, 23,0 mm, aVF (qBB)
D/ IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, busto radiato e drappeggiato di Treboniano a dx
R/ IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seduta a sx, con cereali e uno scettro di traverso
RIC 69; RCV 9631
NOTA: l'attribuzione alla zecca di Roma (o in alternativa Antiochia) viene dalla titolatura. Se fosse Milano, infatti, secondo Mattingly e Carson si dovrebbe avere IMP CAE C VIB TREB
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (20 gennaio 2009, numero catalogo 32), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 Settembre 2005), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, 16 dicembre 1889), ex dr. Simpson collection (London, fino al 1889).
Trajan Denarius - Pax (RIC 190a)69 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-107 AD

Obv: Laureate draped bust of Trajan (R).

Rev: PAX (Peace) standing (L) holding Branch and Cornucopia, resting foot on a Dacian captive.

RIC II 190a RSC 405a
2 commentsKained but Able
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3979, Alexandria, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas, L-B left at foot (year 2),69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3979, Alexandria, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas, L-B left at foot (year 2),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.,
revers: Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, L-B left at foot.
exerg: LB/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 8,47g, axes: 11h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 276-277 A.D., LB Year 2., ref: Emmet 3979, Milne-4522, Geissen-3127, Dattari-5527, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.7-p338,
1673 Maundy Threepence69 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
Inside Flip.
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
.16 73.

*Any scratches or marks are on the flip, not the coin.
Israel, Legionary Camp of X Fretensis at Masada69 viewsRemnants of one of several legionary camps of X Fretensis at Masada in Israel, just outside the circumvallation wall which can be seen at the bottom of the image.

Masada Roman Ruins by David Shankbone.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons -
Joe Sermarini
179- Theodosius 1.JPG
179- Theodosius 169 viewsAE4 , Theodosius I, 388-392 AD , Cyzicus mint.
Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left , dragging captive, trophy over shoulder.
SMKA in exergue, RIC 26b
12mm , 1.0gm.
2 commentsjdholds
Russia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA.69 viewsRussia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA. Crowned double eagle / Value and mint-mark within inner circle, date above.

KM y12.5
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 Silver 3-Mark 1910-A.69 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 Silver 3-Mark 1910-A. WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right, mint below / DEUTSCHES REICH DREI MARK, Crowned eagle with arms on breast.

KM 527
1981 1.jpg
Sear 1981 169 viewsOrthodoxcoins
Bithynian Kingdom, Reign of Prusias I69 views228-185 BC
AE17 (3.88g)
O: Laureate head of Apollo right.
R: BAΣIΛEΩΣ and ΠPOYΣIOY on either side of quiver and bow.
SNG Cop 146; SNG von Aulock 250; Sear 7263; BMC 13 209,9
1 commentsEnodia
Issac II Billion aspron trachy SB 200369 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing nimbate and wearing pallium and maphprium, holding nimbate head of infant Christ facing; on either side of nimbus MP-theta-V barred.
Reverse: Isacc stanging facing wearing crown, divitision and loros, and saigon which is sometimes ornamented with a star (as in this coin); Isaac holds cruciform sceptre and akakia, and is crowned by manus Dei in upper field to r.; to L., I/CAA/KI/OC to r., deltaEC/IIO/TH?C or similar as there are varying forms
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1185-1195 CE
Sear 2003, Hendy pl 20.9-13.
26mm 3.52 gm silvering intact
252a Licinius.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VII 6, Heraclea69 viewsObv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and leaning on scepter. Eagle with wreath in beak at feet left.
Exe: SMHT "A" in field right
Mint: Heraclea
Date: 313-314 AD
Denom: Follis
Ref: RIC VII 6
Rated "R3"
Probus Silvered Antoninianus - AEQVITI Series69 viewsSilvered antoninianus, RIC V 175 corr. (mintmark), Choice EF, 3.250g, 20.7mm, 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 282 A.D.

AEQVITI Series I of Rome, R E B

Obverse: PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Jupiter standing left, thunderbolt in right, scepter in left, REB in ex.
5 commentsVitruvius
34. Baktria: Euthydemos II.69 viewsTetradrachm, ca 190-170 BC.
Obverse: Diademed bust of Euthydemos II.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΗΜΟΥ / Herakles standing, holding wreath, club, and lion's skin. PK monogram at left.
16.90 gm., 30 cm.
Sear #7536; Bepearachchi Serie 1C.
1 commentsCallimachus
Vespasian RIC-68569 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R). BMC p. 27,*. RSC 386.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
crw 183/1 . Roman Republic, Anonymous Æ As. 169-158 BC.69 viewsRoman Republic, Anonymous Æ As. 169-158 BC.
31mm, 29.31g. Rome mint.
Obverse:Laureate head of bearded Janus; I (mark of value) above .
Reverse:Prow of galley right; above, she-wolf standing right, head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; I (mark of value) to right.
Crawford 183/1.
Ex UBS 59, lot 6123 (January 2004) . Ex RBW Collection. Ex JHE .
1 commentsVladislav D
9110. Severus Alexander Denarius 222 AD69 viewsSeverus Alexander
AR Denarius
222 AD, Rome Mint

rev. AEQVITAS AVG - Aequitas standing l. holding scales and cornucopiae
Sear 7856
abaqa dirhem.jpg
ILKHANS - Abaqa69 viewsILKHANS (Mongols of Peria) - Abaqa (1265-1282) AR Direhm. Album 2132, BMC 41. Anonymous issue. 1.99 g. Arab inscription "Great Khan" inside square/Arabic inscription inside ornamented hexagram. dpaul7
Thrace, Abdera * Griffin | Apollon, Æ14 - 4th Century BC.69 views
Griffin | Apollon, Bronze.

Obv: Griffin pouncing right, head raised in menacing poise, club below; MENAN
Rev: Male head, right, within linear square: ABΔ-HPI-[T]E-ΩΝ
(with retrograde N).

Exergue: MENAN

Mint: Abdera
Struck: 352-323 BC (?)

Size: 14.67 mm.
Weight: ca. 2.5 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Quite fine in all. Good legends and devices, fine relief, beautiful dark olive patina. Rather thick planchet.

Moushmov, 2437
BMC, pg. 75, no. 83, Thrace.
AMNG II, 1, p. 108, Abdera no. 221
Copenhagen cat. 1, 101, 2 (SNG 2, 374)
Aegina AR Obol69 viewsObv: Sea turtle.
Rev: Incuse skew pattern.
Year: Circa 400 BC
1 commentsoa
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic69 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus


Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.


S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
Macedonian Kings. Alexander III the Great 4dr, 336-323B.C. Price 78.69 viewsAlexander III the Great, 336-323 tetdradrachm.

Obv.: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.

Rev.: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and resting left on scepter, ithyphalic herm with irrigated penis in left field.

Amphipolis mint, lifetime issue. 17,3g - 26mm - Die axis 7 O´Clock.

EF, mint lustre. Considerably nicer surface than the scan indicates.

Price 78.
3 commentsLordBest
Alexander I, Balas 152-145 B.C.69 viewsAntioch, Drachm, 4.07 g. SC 1785. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander. Rev: Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow in right hand and resting left hand on bow.1 commentsLucas H

Alexander III. The Great



Obv. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin right

Zeus seated left with sceptre and eagle. rightt in field spear head, under throne ivy leaf

Condition:very fine fine

4.2 g., 18 mm

Price 1764

Ex Gitbud Naumann

Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg69 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine

Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
498-518 Anastasius - follis from Constantinople69 viewsGinolerhino
B 001 Anastasius ( 491-518 A.D.), SB-0029, AE-Pentanummium, Constantinopolis, Large Epsilon with two pellets, -/B//--, #1,69 viewsB 001 Anastasius ( 491-518 A.D.), SB-0029, AE-Pentanummium, Constantinopolis, Large Epsilon with two pellets, -/B//--, #1,
avers: D N ANASTASIVS P(P AVG), Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: Large epsilon, sometimes with two dots within the letter; officina letter (B) to right, no mintmark.
exe: -/B//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 2,46g, axis:1h,
mint:Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 29, p-40, DOC 26,
004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #0269 views004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #02
avers:- + REX•ANDREAS in double circle; cross in circle with circle in the centre, (hands of three lines?); border of dots with three lines at each quarter.
revers:- + PANONEIA, Cross in circle with circle in the centre and wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,64 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-005, CHN-1-012, Huszar-009,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Roman, Annia Faustina, AE19, Sidon69 viewsRoman, Annia Faustina --AE19, Sidon. R: Askliepos L w/serpent staff and wand. NISC. 1 commentsfeatherz
Anonymous Denarius 86bc69 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV 266, RSC I 226, Sydenham 723, VF, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below; reverse Jupiter in quadriga right, brandishing thunderbolt.
1 commentsAdrian S
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin69 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius, RIC 677, As of AD 140-144 (Bonus Eventus) 69 viewsÆ As (11.42g, Ø28mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: BONO EVENTI (around), S C (in field), Bonus Eventus, naked, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding a cornucopiae.
RIC 677; Cohen 107; Strack 824
ex Artcoins Roma auct.5
Charles S
Antoninus Pius denarius69 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius Securitas69 viewsAE Sestertius of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), struck AD 140-144, very thick heavy coin at 4mm thick.
REV: COS IIII SC, Securitas seated left holding sceptre and propping head on left hand
RIC 764, Cohen 298, 31.11mm, 25.1g
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius - RIC 86569 viewsÆ Sestertius (28.74g, Ø32mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 149-150.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: COS IIII around, S C across field, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
RIC 865 (R2); Cohen 244 (40 fr.); BMCRE p.306 (‡ "Dupondius of this rev., obv., head, radiate, r."); Strack 1047 (3 spec.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 102 (2 specimens; this specimen illustrated on p.83); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values II) 4162 var. (earlier issue)
ex Emporium Hamburg Münzhandelsgesellschaft mbH, auction 68 (2012); ex Cat. Baranowsky, 1929
3 commentsCharles S
Roman Empire, A. Pius sestertius. Banti plate coin69 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,9g, Ø 32mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: MAVRETANIA around, COS II in ex., S | C, Mauretania, bare-headed, standing l, in short tunic, holding crown and sceptre.
RIC 583 (R2); BMC 1190 note; Cohen 551 (40 fr.); Strack 789; Banti 235 (this specimen illustrated, Vinchon sale, 1973)
Ex Mike R. Vosper, Oct. 2015; ex Ex Vinchon sale, 1973.

Plate in: Alberto Banti, Florence, 1984, "I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali", vol.II-3, no.235, p.153
1 commentsCharles S
antpius dup-indulgentia.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AE dupondius - struck 153-154 AD69 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XVII (radiate head right)
rev: INDVLGENTIA AVG COS IIII / S.C. (Indulgentia seated left, extending right hand & holding scepter)
ref: RIC III 919, C.455 (2frcs)
13.51gms, 25mm, brass
Thracia, Apollonia Pontica, Faustina jun., Varbanov 81069 viewsFaustina jun., AD 147-175
AE 26, 11.17g
Bust, draped, r.
Eagle with spread wings stg l.; feet entwined by a snake which erects l. before
him, head r.
Ref.: Varbanov (engl.) 810; Moushmov 3178
Very rare, VF+, brown patina, slight overall porosity
2 commentsJochen
Antoninus Pius denarius69 viewsCOS III DES IIII1 commentsTibsi
Alexander III - Philip III69 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
arcadius virtus com.JPG
Arcadius 69 viewsAE 20 mm 1.7 grams 395-401 AD
OBV :: DN ARCADI-VS PF AVG. rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV :: VIRTVS-EXERCITI. Virtus crowning emperor
EX :: ANTB (Antioch)
RIC X 71
RIC Rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 02/2008
Apulia, Arpi, Zeus/boar (AE 14)69 viewsApulia, Arpi, Zeus/boar, AE14. 325-275 B.C., 6.5g
Obverse: ΔAIOY; laureate head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind. Reverse: Caledonian boar running right; spearhead above; in exergue: APΠANΩN. Sear 569; BMC 1, 4.
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01966.jpg
58-12 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)69 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 30 mm 5.4 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "IC - XC" (Jesús Cristo) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con mano izquierda." * " en campo izquierdo.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOT " Emperador de pié de frente a izquierda vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Loros (Ropa elaboradamente adornada que constituye el vestido consular de los Emperadores). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda. A su derecha La Virgen de pié de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), con su mano derecha corona al Emperador.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1966 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.16.1-15, pl.17.1-4 - B.M.C.#40-51 - Ratto M.B.#2127/34 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #17-42
Augustus As69 viewsAE As Posthumus Issues by Tiberius
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER ; rad. hd. of Augustus L.
Rev: S C eagle on globe

Cohen 247
2 commentsTanit
002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #369 views002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #3
avers:- DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-:-PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
exe: S/C//PROVIDENT, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 9,85g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,69 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ROMAE AETERNAE, Emperor togate standing right, receiving Victory from Roma seated left on shield holding a long sceptre (or a spear) in left hand. (Emperor and Roma 1)
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,57g, axes: h,
mint: Mediolanum (Milan), iss-4, off-3, date: 271-272. A.D., ref: T-1476 (Estiot), RIC V-I 142,
Aurelianus antoninianus69 viewsFORTVNA REDVXTibsi
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA69 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi69 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0669 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #06
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15-16mm, weight:2,88g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #0169 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
revers: B E/L A R/E X, In three lines divided into five parts by horizontal and vertical lines, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-226_CNH-1-238_Huszar-302,
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.69 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.


The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Siscia RIC VII, 95 R169 viewsArgenteus 3.1 gm 18.3 mm Struck: 319-320 Mark: ΔSIS*
High crested helmet and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over left shoulder, shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT PR, on altar.
Comment: Issue abandoned in favor of Ae3 of similar design in 320.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Constantinople, RIC VII:32, R369 viewsAe3 2.9 gm 19 mm Struck: 328 Mark: Є/CONS
Rosette diademed head, right. Gazing to heaven.
Victory seated on cippus facing left, but looking right; palm in each hand. Trophy in front and kneeling captive at feet turning head to look, but spurned by Victory.
KUSHITE KINGDOM, Soter Megas69 viewsAe20, 8.6 gm, 20.6 mm, ca 55-105 AD.
Obv: Headdressed (diademed?) and draped bust, right, hand raised holding object. Greek(?) lettering in inscription.
Rev: Figure (the king?) with long flowing ribbons extending from his headgear on horse, right, raising right arm. Kharoshthi lettering in inscription. Tamgha symbol in right field.
Comment: The only example I have been able to find of this coin is in Wayne Sayles' ACC, Volume I, page 139. Any better attribution would be appreciated.
GREEK, Athens, AR Tetradrachm, Barbarous Imitation69 viewsTetradrachm, 16.8 gm, 20 mm, 350-300 BC
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Athena wearing crested helmet.
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing, (ΑΘΕ) to right; olive twig and crescent moon to left.
Greek, Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrios II69 viewsTetradrachm (Shekel), 13.8 gm, 26.3 mm, 129-125 BC, Sear (GC) 7105.
Obv: Anepigraphic with diademed bust, right.
Rev: Eagle standing left on galley, palm branch in background. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ to left. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right. A over ΡE in left field and TYP on club. AE in right field and Δ Π Ρ (e.g. 128 BC). M between legs of eagle.
1 commentsMassanutten
Laureate bust, right.
Bonus Eventus standing left, holding patera and corn ears with poppy.
Denarius, 3.5 gm, 18.8 mm, RIC 31
Struck in 79 AD according to Curtis Clay's chronology.
2 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus. The 'second' reign, AE Follis69 viewsFollis 8.5 gm 27 mm
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in 307 at Londinium. mm: PLN RIC VI, 90.
Comment: Minted by Constantine in evidence of his initial alliance with the usurper Maxentius and his father-in-law Maximianus.
1 commentsMassanutten
Byzantine Lead Seal, #10,69 viewsByzantine Lead Seal, #10,
Georgios. Byzantine lead tessera 7th century AD
Cruciform monogram ΓEOPΓIOV (by Gert, thank you Gert).
diameter: 15-16mm,
weight: 2,99g,
Plautilla, Hilaritas69 viewsPlautilla
AR Denarius, 18-20mm, 3.13g, 202-205, Issue I, Laodicea Ad Mare

Draped bust right, hair coiled in ridges and fastened in large bun at back of head, ear exposed

Hilaritas standing facing, head left, long vertical palm in right hand, cornucopiae in left

RIC 371
3 commentsarizonarobin

Laureated head right

Venus standing left, holding Victoriola (?) and sceptre , she is leaning on a shield, which is placed on a helmet

Weight:3,4g; Ø: 17mm; Reference: RIC IV/I/311b; ROME mint; struck: 213-217 A.D.
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0369 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #03
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Carausius RIC V, 47569 viewsCarausius 287 - 293, British Empire
AE - Antoninianus, 4.53g, 22mm
London, undated
draped, cuirassed bust, radiate head r.
rev. PA - X - AVG
Pax standing l., holding olive-branch and vertical sceptre
field: left S, right P
RIC V/2, 475; C.215; Webb 532
VF, Portrait!

Coins with SP were mostly struck in London, but the meaning of SP is still unknown.
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Achaemenid, AR Siglos, 455 - 420 B.C.69 viewsAchaemenid, AR century, 455-420 BC. BC Sardis. Series IV, group A. Right: The king kneeling right, holding a dagger and a bow. Reverse: Square hollow elongated.
Ref: Carradice IVa, 33-35, SNG Cop.. 284-286.
5.45 g. Small countermark.
chance v
Handle for Military Casserole Dish69 viewsThis handle from a bronze casserole dish has the ring-handle design (kasserollen mit kreisrunem loch) used circa 50 to 80 AD. Parallels can be found in Fibeln und Bronzegefasse von Kempten-Cambodunum, table 25, #14-15 from Cambodunum, Germany. The form is known as type Eggers 142/143; Petrovszky V 2,3; and Radnoti 15. It was likely mass-made in state factories (fabricae) the Capua area of Italy for the Legions and Cavalry Alae. This example came from near Carnuntum in Austria and may have belonged the Legio XV Apollonaris which was stationed at Carnuntum for much of the time during which this item was in use. otlichnik
Centenional Valentiniano I RIC IX Siscia 15a, type xxvii.jpg
A137-12 - Valentiniano I (364 - 375 D.C.)69 viewsAE3 Centenional 19 x 18 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y una hoja de palma en la izquierda. "ΓSISCV" en exergo, " * / K " en campo izquierdo y "Q" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #15a Pag.147 tipo xxvii - Cohen Vol.VIII #37 Pag.92 - DVM #46 Pag.308 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9034.f.3. Pag.269 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4103
Thrace, Chersonesos, hemidrachm, imitation69 views13mm, 2.25g
obv: forepart of lion right, looking back over shoulder
rev: quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters, two pellets in opposite sunken quarters
1 commentsareich
CHINA - Wang Mang Interregnum69 viewsCHINA - Wang Mang Interregnum (Xin Dynasty) 7-23AD. AE Xiao Qian Zhi Yi. "Small Qian Value One. Made 9-14 AD. Hartil #9.14.1 commentsdpaul7
104 Claudius II. (268-270 AD.) T-0326 , Roma, AE-Antoninianvs, GENIVS AVG, Genius standing left, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes, Error-coin, !!69 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 AD.) T-0326 , Roma, AE-Antoninianvs, GENIVS AVG, Genius standing left, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes, Error-coin, !!
avers:- IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate head right.
revers:- GENIVS AVG, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia, Gamma in right field.
exe: -/Γ//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 2,21g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, iss 2, off 3, date: 270 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 46k, T-326, C-109,
Claudius II 'Gothicus' / Fortuna 69 views268-270 AD
AE Antoninianus (19mm, 2.21g)
O: Radiate and draped bust right; IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG.
R: Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; FORTVNA RED.
RIC 40 / Sear 3203v
ex Jack H. Beymer
1841 Hard Times token. USS Constitution69 viewsMILLIONS FOR DEFENSE, NOT ONE CENT FOR TRIBUTE.1 commentsancientone
ROMAN EMPIRE, Clodius Albinus, Denarius69 viewsClodius Albinus 195-197 A.D.

2 commentsBarry
coins 1 071~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius 169 viewsLicinius I AE Follis. 312-313 AD.
OBV: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
REV: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe; eagle with wreath below left,
EX:•TS•A• Thessalonica mint.
Julia Domna, Nikopolis ad Istrum 69 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 3.26g;16-17mm; Nikopolis ad Istrum

draped bust right

lion walking right

Moushmov 1044; H/J; Varbanov 2839
1 commentsarizonarobin
Plautilla, Marriage Issue69 viewsPlautilla, 202 - 205 AD
AR Denarius; 18-19mm;2.94g

Draped bust right

Caracalla and Plautilla standing hand-in-hand

RIC 361
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0009, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P, Trophy,69 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0009, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P, Trophy,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:- TR-P-V-IMP-IIII-COS-II-P-P, Trophy of arms with two captives below.
exrg: -/-//--, diameter: 18 mm, weight: 3,19 g, axis: 11 h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181 A.D., ref: RIC-III-009, p-, C-771,
Siscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!69 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTAN S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, head right, holding a wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field.
exerg: -/Chi-Rho//*ASIS*, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 347 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 181, p-362,
Sear 1214 - Half Follis - 674-681 AD - Syracuse mint69 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 674-681 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust 3/4 facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and diadem, the ties of which are visible to left. In right hand, spear held behind head.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, //; To right, //; Above, cross.

Syracuse mint
DO 67; Sear 1214
1.08g; 17.6mm; 195°
constans glor exer com.JPG
Constants RIC VII Thessalonica 22669 viewsAE 16 mm 1.9 grams
OBV :: FL CONSTANS NOB CAES. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS. Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, single standard between them
EX :: SMTS delta ( Thessalonica )
RIC VII Thessalonica 226
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot 10/2007

This coin would not let itself be photographed, or scanned so the image is edited slightly, and the coin is pictured propped up slightly. the coin itself has beautiful black patina. will re-post pics when I can get them to come out better.
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248( RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, 69 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 248( RIC), symbol"1"/-//ASIS, AE-3 Follis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Draped , pearl diademed, bust right,
revers:- FEL-TEMP-REPAR-ATIO, Emperor military dress stage left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship. Symbol "1" in the left field.
exe: symbol"1"/-//ASIS, diameter:17-18,5mm, weight: 1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-248 (err. in RIC right field instead of left field), p-366,
Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus69 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
REV: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two Soldiers standing front, heads turned inward, two standards between them, each holding a spear & shield, SMTSB in ex

Minted at Thessalonica, 320-1 AD
Constantinopolis Commemorative69 viewsSMTS (Delta) in Ex.Tkonnova
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!69 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVI CTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, rising right hand, holding globe in left hand,chlamys across left shoulder.
exerg: T/F//PTR, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Treveri, date: 310-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-866a, p-226, Scarce!
Corinth, Corinthia69 views345-307 BC
AR Stater (21mm, 8.15g)
O: Pegasos with pointed wing flying left; koppa below.
R: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet; chimaera behind.
Ravel 1010v; Calciati 1, 262; Sear 2630v (Nike behind)
ex Harlan J. Berk
2 commentsEnodia
Siscia, RIC VII 113, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!69 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 113, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IV L CRIS PVS NOB CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/BSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p-438,
C. Postumius - Postumia-969 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC C. Postumius 74 BC. AR denarius.(17mm, 3.98g). Rome mint. Bust of Diana right, draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder / C POSTVMI. Hound running right; below, spear. Crawford 394/1a, RSC I Postumia 9, Sydenham 785, RCV 3301 commentsBud Stewart
Domitian RIC 0469 viewsAR Denarius, 3.18g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 4 (C). BMC 1. RSC 554.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII; Seat, draped; above, thunderbolt

The early issues of Domitian show a progression of the titles he assumed soon after his accession. This denarius is part of the first issue, evident by Domitian's sparse titles of IMP, AVG and TRP only, he is not yet Pontifex Maximus (PONT or PM) or Pater Patriae (P P). The reverse is a pulvinaria type carried over from Titus. The style is identical to the Domitian as Caesar denarii struck under Titus as well. N.B. Thunderbolt is not winged.

A good example of the early portrait style.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-72869 viewsAR Denarius, 3.23g
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 728 (C3). BMC 187. RSC 273.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Ancient Treasures, eBay, 7 June 2015.

The first issue of denarii in 92 was quite massive and certainly one of the largest of the reign. Domitian's military campaigns against the Suebi and Sarmatians during this time period may account in part for the heightened mint activity.

Competent craftsmanship which produced a neat and fine portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-79069 viewsAR Denarius, 3.56g
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 790 (C2). BMC 235. RSC 290.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
Acquired from C. J. Martin, August 2013.

A very crisp denarius which was struck during the last year of Domitian's reign between 14 September 95 to 13 September 96. This was a large issue with many common examples, including all four standard Minerva types, and one which saw the introduction of many new types (the flying Minverva for example). These later coins tend to lack the high quality and craftsmanship of earlier issues.

A very sharp coin in hand.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Denario Falsificacion anciana Julia Mamaea RICIV 123.jpg
61-06 - JULIA MAMAEA (222 - 235 D.C.)69 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA utilizando equivocadamente el cuño del anverso de una moneda de Julia Mamaea y el del reverso de un denario de su hijo Severo Alejandro.
AE Denario 17 x 19 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IVLIA MAMAEA AVG" - Busto vestido viendo a derecha.
Rev: " P M TR P XIII COS III PP " – Sol avanzando a izquierda, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en la izquierda.


Referencias: Anverso copiado de uno de los dos tipos conocidos para Julia Mamaea y el Reverso imitando al denario correspondiente a Severo Alejandro referenciado en RIC Vol.IV Parte II #123 Pag.80 - DVM #49 Pag.213 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7916 Pag.648 - BMCRE #950/2 - Cohen Vol.IV #448 Pag.446 - RSC Vol. III #448 Pag.142
1 commentsmdelvalle
28-03 - HADRIANO (117 - 138 D.C.)69 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 3.2 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado y vestido su hombro izquierdo, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "P M TR P COS III" - Aeternitas (La Eternidad) estante a izq., portando las cabezas del Sol y la Luna en sus manos levantadas. "AETER AVG" en los campos.

Acuñada 119 - 122 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #115 (Busto b) Pag.354 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3458 var Pag.143 - Cohen Vol.II #131 Pag.116 - DVM #47/1 var. Pag.127 - RSC Vpl.II #131 Pag.113 - St. Vol. II #59
3 commentsmdelvalle
16 - 04 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)69 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 896
16 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1817· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·R·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca) ·P·J· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1817
Ensayador: P J - Pedro de Mazondo y Juan Palomo Sierra.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#90 Pag.95
Diocletian Abdication Follis. AE28. Carthage69 viewsDiocletianus as Senior Augustus, minted under Severus II.
AE28. Mint of Karthago. 305 - 306 AD.
Obv. D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laurate bust right, in imperial mantle, right holding olive-branch, left mappa.
Rev. PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right holding branch, left leaning on sceptre.
S - F in field right and left. PKB in ex.
Cf. RIC VI Carthago 42a
2 commentsancientone
ROMAN EMPIRE, DIOCLETIAN. London mint, struck 286-293 AD, silvered Antoninianus69 viewsIMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG radiate-headed and cuirassed bust right
PAX AVGGG, S-P, C Pax standing left
RIC 20
2 commentsdupondius
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm69 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.36 gm., 15 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38 struck over Topalov Apollonia p. 566, 12
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type 38: “Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues” (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
-struck over-
Topalov Type 12: “Upright Anchor – Swastika: First Intermediate Issues” (540-535/525 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or view from above) right between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika in sectors concave with arms bent to the left. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ heads point from the center of the swastika outwards.
2 commentsJaimelai
Domitian Denarius - Rev: Temple69 viewsDOMITIAN, 81-96 Silver Denarius.
Obv: DOMITIANVS AVG GERM, Bare head of Domitian right.
Rev: Frontal view of hexastyle temple on base with four steps; within is a statue of Jupiter, seated, flanked by statues of Juno and Minerva (= the Capitoline triad); on the central part of the pediment is a seated figure holding spear, with two additional figures on either side; on the apex of the roof is a facing quadriga with figures on either side; an eagle stands at each of the upper corners; IMP CAESAR is inscribed on the architrave.
RIC II².1 815; RIC II 207; BMC 242.
4 commentsOldMoney
Domitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Sestertius Mule69 viewsDomitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Æ Sestertius Mule, 25.38 g. Rome mint, struck 80/81

R: IVD CAP across fields; SC in field below; mourning Jewess to left of palm on pile of arms; Jew on right with hands bound, arms on ground. - Titus RIC 153 (Perhaps a die match); Hendin 1593b; Upcoming addenda Titus 287A.

The only known sestertius mule under Titus.

From the patina it was likely found in eastern Europe, perhaps Bulgaria, a rich find spot for a lot of the judaea sestertii.

What evidence points to RIC II 288 / 306?

As noted by Curtis Clay, "Obverse legends beginning CAESAR are rare, and so far only known with portrait laur. left, according to RIC 275-7. Legends beginning CAES are very much more common.

With the N of DOMITIAN placed before Domitian's mouth, too much space seems to remain for just COS VII. We almost need that added VS to fill out the space.

Flavian mules in gold or silver occur with some regularity, though they are all rare individually.

It's not surprising, however, that very few sestertius mules occurred.

1. Vespasian struck c. 90% of the sestertii of his reign in the single year 71. Mules were impossible, because he hadn't yet begun striking sestertii for Titus and Domitian!

2. Later, when sestertii were being struck for Titus and Domitian too, the rev. types were not usually personalized, for example by carrying on the imperial titulature of each emperor, but were general and could be shared among the emperors, for example S C Spes advancing, or PAX AVGVSTI S C. Virtually all of the rev. types were appropriate for all three emperors, so there could be no mules!

Under Titus the possibilities for mules increased, since more types were introduced that were apparently meant for just one of the two imperial brothers, for example:

Titus: the Judaea Capta types, ANNONA AVG without S C, FELICIT PVBLIC, PIETAS AVGVST (Titus and Dom. shaking hands), PROVIDENT AVGVST (Vesp. hands globe to Titus), S C (Roma hands Palladium to Titus on horseback)

Domitian: S C (Minerva fighting right)."
3 commentsNemonater
Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta), 193–217 CE69 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 211 CE, 3.30g. BM 33a (p. 435), RIC-, RSC 251a (C.L. Clay and Vienna). Obv: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG; draped bust right. Rx: VOTA PVBLICA; Pietas (Julia?) standing left, dropping incense on lighted altar and holding open box.

Notes: Rare; none in Reka Devnia. A specimen was purchased by the British Museum in 1973; another in the G.R. Arnold Collection sold in the Glendining sale (21 November 1984), lot 113 (a pair of denarii), pl. V (this type illustrated); hammer price for the lot £120.
2 commentsMichael K5
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm69 viewsSardes mint (334-323).
Price 2564
1 commentsMinos
Pompeii- The Bodies69 viewsCovered in ash this is the final resting position of one of the casualties of Vesuvius.Titus Pullo
Elis, Olympia, mid and later 2nd Century69 viewsAE Tetrachalkon. Zeus right.
Re. FA/LEI/WN within wreath. BMC 672. SNG Cop. 448. BCD 673. exM&M Numismatics.

Elephant Rider
Bactrian Legend, Kushan Empire
King Huviska 126 to 164 A.D.


Athsho - The Fire God
Four Pronged Tamgha - In Left Field

Copper Tetradrachm = four Drachms
Reference: Similar Mitchner ACW 3289
see this link:
Large Heavy Copper Module
weight: 15.1 Grams; Size: 24 MM
Condition: Looks Very Good
Antonio Protti
080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #12,69 views080 Herennia Etruscilla (?? A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 058b, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, standing, #12,
avers:- HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia standing left holding scepter and drawing veil from her face.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5 mm, weight: 3,18 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-58b, p127, C-17,
Faustina II denarius69 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
Faustina 69 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
Zoomorphic Plate Fibula, Dog fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/294var., Fibula #08069 viewsZoomorphic Plate Fibula, Dog fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/294var., Fibula #080
weight: 7,95g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
1 commentsquadrans
Early Crossbow fibula69 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
119 BC M. Furius L. f. Philus69 viewsM FOVRI L F
Laur. head of Janus

ROMA to right PHILI in ex (PHI in monogram)
Roma standing left crowning trophy with carnyx and shield on each side, star above Roma

Commemorates the victories over the Allobroges and the Arverni in Gaul in 121 BC by CN Domitius Ahenobarbus and Q. Fabius Maximus only a few years earlier

Ex-Baranoesky Roma
4 commentsJay GT4
Cuneiform Students Exercise Tablet69 views112mm x 100mm 583 grams

"The tablet is certainly a student’s exercise text that was part of his school work to teach him to read and write Sumerian around the year 1800BC, long after Sumerian had died out as a spoken language. In particular, this exercise was to teach all the Sumerian vocabulary dealing with food items. When complete, the list probably had over 500 entries. As part of their training, students had to memorize long lexical lists containing everything from plants and animals to metal objects, textiles, types of professions, body parts etc. These lists of vocabulary words were fairly standardized throughout Southern Babylonia at this time, so that you find many tablets containing the same entries, not always in the same order, but usually pretty close. Of course, some students were better than others, so some tablets contain more mistakes and some are written in messier script. Your tablet seems to have been written by a fairly good student, although there are a number of deviants from the standard version of the food items list.

The obverse of your tablet is the side with 3 columns and wide rows. The obverse represents a new part of the word list that the student is learning. In this case, each column repeats the same section of the list, so the student had a chance to practice it over and over. Unfortunately, not much is preserved on the obverse - just several different types of barley including “white barley” and “black barley.”

The reverse contains a much larger section of the list that the student had already memorized, and is just practicing here. This side is divided into 4 columns, the first column is almost entirely broken. The second column contains a list of different types of beer including “beer mixed with water,” “market beer,” “beer that foams like soap”, and “sweet beer.” Column three contains types of soup, most of which are not known from other versions of this list and will take more work to decipher, and types of fragrant plants, most of which are plants that we cannot identify."
2 commentsNemonater
G 003 img.jpg
Macedonia - Philip II AE1869 viewsPhilip II AE18.
Obv:- Diademed head of Apollo Right
Rev:- ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Horse and rider right, symbol below
192669 views4 commentsrandy h2
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit69 viewsFouree plated denarius, ancient forgery cf. RIC 53, S 8620 (Rome mint, 239 A.D.), aF, illegal, 4.261g, 23.5mm, 165o, 239 - c. 244 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing front, head left, holding an abacus and and cornucopia;

Gordian III was the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II. He was proclaimed Caesar shortly before the murder of Balbinus and Pupienus, and he succeeded them. Little is known about his reign. In 242 A.D. he embarked on a campaign against the Persian Kingdom which was so successful the Persians had to evacuate Mesopotamia. However, Gordian III died shortly after, through illness or the machinations of his Praetorian prefect and successor, Philip I.
Galba69 viewsIMP SER GALBA AVG
Laureate head right

Livia standing left holding patera and sceptre

Rome, November 68 AD-January 69AD

RIC 150, BMC 5, RSC 52a


Rare with this short obverse legend

5 commentsJay GT4
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 221, AE-Follis, FORTI FORTVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, Scarce! #169 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 221, AE-Follis, FORTI FORTVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, Scarce! #1
avers:- DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO, Veiled head right.
revers:- FORTI-FOR-TVNAE, Fortuna standing left by wheel, right holding rudder on globe, left cornucopiae.
exergo: -/A//SIS, diameter: 24,5mm, weight: 6,50g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 311 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-221, p-482, Scarce!
Gallienus antoninianus69 viewsPIETAS AVGG1 commentsTibsi
Roman Empire, Gallienus VESTA mule, Rome.69 viewsGALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right
VESTA, Vesta seated left with sceptre and patera
Pairing an obverse of Gallienus with a reverse appropriate to his wife Salonina. Unknown in either the Normanby hoard or Gobl's corpus. Hence of great rarity although a mule that is to be expected
Gordian III Sestertius69 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Jupiter standing facing, head right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt.

Rome 241-243 AD

RIC 299a.


Sold Forum Auction 2016
2 commentsJay GT4
158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), Siscia, RIC IX 031a-1, -/-//ASISC, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #269 views158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), Siscia, RIC IX 031a-1, -/-//ASISC, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #2
avers:- D N GRATIA NVS P F AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XV/MVLT/XX, Wreath, legend within.
exerg: -/-//ASISC, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 378-383 A.D., ref: RIC IX 31a1, p-152, Scarce !,
1 commentsquadrans
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, Drachm, Thrace69 viewsGreece, Kings of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305-281 BC, Silver Drachm, 19mm, 4.05g, Lampsakos mint1 commentsmitresh
Constantine I AR Quinarius69 viewsConstantine I AR Quinarius. Treveri mint. 307 AD. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS MILITVM, four turreted gateway, with no doors. RIC 758


Ex. Bank Leu AG, Zurich 33 (1983), 147
Ex. Numismatica Ars Classica AG, Zurich 8 (1995), 946.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
2 commentsTrajan
hadrian69 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian69 viewsRome Mint, 118 AD, 3.35g. O: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery over shoulder; R: VOT PVB in field, PM TR P COS III dot, Pietas standing right, raising both hands in prayer. RIC-141; RSC 1477.3 commentsNemonater
Hadrian denarius69 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
Hieron II * Poseidon | Trident * Syracuse, Sicily * 274-216 BC. Æ drachm69 views
Hieron II * Poseidon and Trident, Syracuse, Bronze drachm

Obv: Poseidon, bearded and left-facing, diademed, or hair bound with kelp-garland(?), locks hanging lose over ears and neck.
Rev: Ornate Trident centered between two dolphins in upper left and right fields, both vertical and oriented towards the bottom; ornate patterned swirls suggesting waves between central and outermost prongs of the trident, left and right.
Below, ΙΕΡ to the left of the trident staff, and Ω[NΟΣ] to the right.
( Spelling out the name of the issuing King – ΙΕΡΩNΟΣ - (Hieron II) ).

Exergue: ΙΕΡΩ[NΟΣ]

Mint: Syracuse
Struck: 274-216 BC.

Size: 21.48 mm x 21.80 mm.
Weight: 8.58 grams
Die axis: ca. 350°

Sear, 1223
SNG ANS 998 (var)?
Calciati II pg. 371, 195
SNG Morcom 827 var.
SNG Copenhagen 846 var.
1 commentsTiathena
Herennius Etruscus (as Caesar), 250 - 251 AD69 viewsObv: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate, draped bust of Herennius Etruscus facing right.

Rev: CONCORDIA AVGG, two clasped hands.

Billon Antoninianus, Rome mint, 251 AD

3.9 grams, 21.2 mm, 225°

RIC IViii T. Decius 138, RSC 4, S9518, VM 3
SPQR Coins
Herennius Etruscus (as Caesar), 250 - 251 AD69 viewsObv: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate, draped bust of Herennius Etruscus facing right.

Rev: PIETAS AVGVSTORVM, priestly implements; sprinkler, simpulum, jug and lituus.

Billon Antoninianus, Rome mint, 250 - 251 AD

4.4 grams, 20.9 mm, 45°

RIC IViii T. Decius 143, RSC 14, S9521, VM 4
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Carian Dynasts, Hidrieus, tetradrachm69 views24 mm, 14.55 g
obv: head of Apollo facing, inclined slightly to right, wearing a laurel-wreath.
rev: IΔPIEΩΣ , Zeus Labraundos standing to right, wearing a chiton and a himation, holding spear left, labrys over his shoulder in his right, small E at his feet

SNG von Aulock 8046
ex Gorny & Mosch
5 commentsareich
Huszár 191, Unger 117, Réthy I 27169 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 13 mm.

Obv: Enthroned king facing, holding scepter and imperial orb, •B•–•R• to sides.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 9
Huszár 27, Unger 22, Réthy I 33, Frynas H.8.8, Adamovszky A39, Kovács pp.148-15069 viewsHungary. László/Ladislaus I (1077-1095; canonized 1192).

AR denar (per Huszár, Unger, Frynas, Kovács and Gyöngyössy) or denomination unknown (per Adamovszky); .76 g., 19.88 mm. max., 0°

Obv: LAD-ISL-AVS - REX, Three long-crosses with two ball-like knots in each cross

Rev: + LADISCLAVS RE (decaying legend), c ross with wedges

Struck 1089-1093 (per Gyöngyössy) in Esztergom

Huszár rarity rating 8, Frynas rarity rating N
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-095, AR-Denarius, #0369 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-095, AR-Denarius, #03
avers: Four connected curves containing crosses, cross of Saint Andrew with dots in the angles in the centre, border of dots.
revers: Cross with dots in the angles, border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 9,5 mm, weight: 0,14g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-095, CHN-1-162, Huszar-181,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-046, #0269 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-046, #02
avers:- Crescents and dots in place of the legend; line of dots amongst for wedges between crescents; border of dots.
revers:- Lines and crescents in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,28 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-046, CHN-1-081, Huszar-096, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 350-300 BC. 69 viewsAR Triobol.
ovv: Wreathed head of Demeter left, in single pendant earring & necklace
rev: EP monogram within grain wreath.
SNG Lockett 2510; Jameson 1259; SNG Cop 136.
2 commentsDino
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/569 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
65.0 Lucius Verus Denarius69 viewsL VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX
Rome Mint, 165 AD
laureate bust r.
commemorates victory over Parthia - reverse has captive Parthia
Roman -Intaglo #011,69 viewsRoman -Intaglo #011,
size: 7x9mm,
weight: 0,46g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
2 commentsquadrans
Bust laureate right, front view, draped (and cuirassed?)
Reverse: IOVIV_L_TORI, SC exergue
Jupiter naked to waist, seated left on throne, holding victory on extended right hand and sceptre in left
BMC 240, RIC 560
Weight, 21.69g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Umayyad - Islamic69 viewsAR Dirham. Umayyad . 91 AH. (710 AD)
Al Walid Bin Abd Al Malik(86-96 AH)
D.: 25 mm
Obv.: In the field, 3 line inscription : "There is no God but/ God alone/ He has no associate" ;
Marginal inscription: "In the name of God this Dirham was stuck in Wasit in the year one and ninety."

Rev.: In the field, 4 line inscription: "God is one,/ God is Eternal: He begets not/ nor is begotten/and none is equal with Him in rank" (Quran: 112: 1-3)
Marginal inscription: "Muhammad is the Apostle of God whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truh that he might make it supreme over all other religions" (Quran 9:33)

2 commentsTanit
Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel (New York, New York)69 viewsAE token, 19 x 44.5 mm. (rectangular), 11.429 gr., undated (but probably issued ca. 1935).

Obv: HOME OF SONS/AND DAUGHTERS/OF ISRAEL above building 232 E. 12 ST./NEW YORK, N.Y., below building.

Rev: BUY A BRICK/$1.00/HELP US AND/GOD/WILL/HELP YOU between busts of woman and bearded man.

Ref: Meshorer, Coins Reveal 140; Friedenberg, Jewish Minters [?] 476; Leonard, Jr., Robert D. “Home of the Sons and Daughters of Israel: Its History and Contribution Tokens.” The Shekel, XXXVIII No. 6 (Nov. to Dec. 2005). pp. 14-23; Randolph, Marc A. “Jewish Homes for the Aged Tokens,” The Shekel, XXXVI No. 3 (May-June 2003) 14-19, Figure 6; ANS Database 2000.1.261.

Note: Organized in 1909 and incorporated in 1912, the Home acquired 230 East Tenth Street in December 1914. The adjacent 232 East Tenth Street was acquired by April 1915, and in May 1919 plans for a new building, encompassing both addresses, were approved. On June 21, 1925 the Home expanded into yet a third adjacent building on East Tenth Street. On December 22, 1935, it relocated to a larger building at 232-38 East Twelfth Street, where it remained in operation until the mid-1960s.

Note: This token was issued after the acquisition of the East Twelfth Street building, in or about 1935.
Julia Domna, Hypaipa69 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 6.75g;24mm; Hypaipa, Lydia

Draped bust of Julia Domna right (countermark: Artemis Anaitis; Howgego 233)

Temple with statue of Artemis Anaitis

BMC 36, This seems to have been gold plated at one time
ENGLAND - John I69 viewsENGLAND - John I (1199-1216) - Silver penny, Seaby 1350B North 969, VF detail, broken flan, 1.139g, 18.0mm, obverse HENRICVS REX, the S inverted, facing bust, holding scepter; reverse short cross, with four smaller crosses in quadrants. London mint.1 commentsdpaul7
Juba II69 viewsObverse: REX IVBA Bust right of Juba II with club behind
Reverse: RXXXX Bust right of Ptolemaios I or Cleopatra
Date : 25BC – 23 AD
Reference : Mazzard 376
Weight : 3.04g
Denom : Denarius
Metal : Silver
Comments : Ex Grün 27, 1999, 596
Julia Domna69 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
RIC 581, BMC 90, C 215
Rome, 210 AD
Julia Maesa.jpg
Julia Maesa69 viewsJulia Maesa

Obv: IVLIA MAESA AVG. Diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa facing right.
Rev: PVDICITIA. Pudicitia seated facing left, holding sceptre in her left hand and raising veil with her right hand.
RIC IV: 268
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #169 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 320, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R!, #1
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, in right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak
exergo: S CONST •,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC-VIII-320, R!
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!69 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 313, Arles, SECVRITAS REIPVB, R3!!!
avers:- DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG (J8), bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right (D3).
revers:- SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above, wreath in right field .
exergo: T CON,
date: 361-363 A.D.,
mint: Arles,
diameter: 27-28mm,
weight: g,
ref: RIC VIII 313, R3!!!
KAI XI.jpg
CHINA - Kai Xi Reign69 viewsCHINA - Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Ning Zong (1195-1224), Kai Xi Reign (1205-1207), 2 Cash, Year 1 (1205). H-17.517, S-860. dpaul7
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171869 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
kyrenaika69 viewsKyrenaika, Kyrene
Obverse: Trajan right
Reverse: Bust of Zeus Ammon right
Mint : Cyenaica, Cyrene
Date : 98-117 AD
Reference : ?
Grade : gF
Weight : 6.80g
Denom: AE24
Metal : Bronze
Acquired: 08/09/04
1 commentsBolayi
041 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #0169 views041 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1521) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
0345 Justin II, 565-57869 viewsAV solidus, 20.8mm, 4.4g, aVF
Struck at Constantinople
DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory, and shield / VICTORI-A AVCCC H, angel standing facing, holding long staff and globus cruciger; star in right field, CONOB in exg
Sear 345
Private sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
Peloponnesos, Elis c. 352-248 BC69 viewsSilver hemidrachm, 16mm, 2.56g, VF
Laureate head of Zeus right / F - A either side of eagle standing right on capital, wings closed.
Ex: BCD Collection
Sear -; BMC Peloponnesus, pg 67, #83 and pl XIII, #9
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Late Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!69 viewsLate Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!
revers:- GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//SMN?, diameter: 19,0 mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: h,
mint: Nicomedia , date: , ref: ,
Mark Antony69 viewsObverse: Galley right
Reverse: LEG III, aquila between two legionary standards
Mint : Uncertain mint in Greece, perhaps Patras(?)
Date : 32-31 BC
Reference : Crawford 544/15; CRI 350; Sydenham 1217; RSC 28
Grade : near VF
Weight : 3.46g
Denom : Denarius
Metal : Ag
Comments : 17mm, banker’s mark, Legio III Cyrenaica, (from Cyrenaica, a Roman province), was a Roman legion probably levied by Mark Antony around 36 BC, when he was governor of Cyrenaica. Or by Lepidus one of the other members of the Second Triumvirate who was master of Cyrenaica prior to that.
1 commentsBolayi
Leopold I, Pressburg (Bratislava), AD 169869 viewsAR 3 Kreuzer, 1.48g, Leopold I, Pressburg (Bratislava), AD 1698, Obv: GHB REX LEOPOLDVS D GRISA, 3 encircled , all around Leopold right; Rev: PATRONA MVNGARIA around Madonna with Christ, 1698 above, Good Very Fine. 2 commentsMolinari
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Arles, RIC VII 192, -/-//T-ARL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Licinius on eagle, 69 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Arles, RIC VII 192, -/-//T-ARL, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Licinius on eagle,
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI AVG, Emperor, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, carried by eagle standing right, its left wing pointing downward.
exergo: -/-//T-ARL, diameter:18 mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 0h,
mint: Arles, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-192, p-182,
Licinius I Bronze Coin Minted in Heraclea in 313 AD69 viewsObverse: Bust of Licinius laureate right IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG
Reverse: Jupiter standing left holding victory & standard, eagle at feet IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, SMHT in ex. officina letter to right.
Dimensions: 21 mm in diameter on ROUND flan
4.1 grams
Reference: Heraclea RIC VII 12 SOLD
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Thrace, Chersonesos (386 - 338 B.C.)69 viewsAR Hemidrachm
O:Forepart of lion right, head reverted.
R: Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters; pellet to left of VE monogram and pentagram above pellet in opposite sunken quarters.
BMC 43; McClean –; Weber 2422; SNG Copenhagen –; SNG Dreer 115.
6 commentsMat
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius69 viewsSilver denarius,18mm, 3.55g, Rome October - December 88 A.D. Carradice 88.3c, RIC 116, BMC 135, RSC 73
COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC in five lines on cippus; candelabrum in the middle; Herald wearing feathered cap adv. left, holding wand and round shield decorated with the helmeted bust of Minerva right.

Extensive series issued to commemorate the Secular Games held in 88 A.D.; RIC lists them as "rare" in error.
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue.69 viewsSilver Drachm, ADM I series I, 85 (same dies); Price 2090; Müller Alexander 763; SNG Copenhagen 895; SNG Alpha Bank 629; SNG Saroglos 771; SNG München -, Very Fine, well centered, light bumps and marks, Ionia, Miletos mint, weight 4.241g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 0o, struck date between 325 - 323 B.C.
Obverse : head of Alexander the Great as Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck.
Reverse : AΛEΞAN∆POY ( of Alexander ), Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter topped with lotus vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right leg forward, ∆H monogram left.

*Lifetime issue. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most Alexander coins were issued after his death.
**Alexander the great believed if the world ruled by one king or leader , will be better for all.
Alexander the great was considered a god after his death.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection /FORVM Ancient Coins.
2 commentsSam
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, MACRINUS, AE 26, Nemesis; NIKOPOLIS MINT69 viewsOBV: Bust of Macrinus right
REV: Nemesis standing left with scales, cornucopiae, and wheel.
10.2g, 26mm

Minted at Nikopolis probably under Governor Statius Longinus, 223 AD
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 25. Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 17, 2.75g, 16.82mm, 45°
bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
Cista mystica, decorated, lid opened, with arising snake
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 804 (3 ex., Imhoof, London, Moskau)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1328 (lists the coin erroneously as #1326 which is Cybele!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
d) SNG Copenhagen 229
rare, good VF, nice green patina
4 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) viewsCaracalla & Julia Domna, AD 198-217
AE26, 11.43g, 26.27mm, 45°
struck under governor Quintilianus
confronted busts of the Imperial pair
Triumphal arch, with two floors, three doors, two windows; above four figures, from
l. to r.: Caracalla with sceptre(?), Severus, Julia Domna, and - a bit smaller - Geta
on r. side E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 695 (1 ex., Mandl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1041
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
d) BMC 20
rare, about VF/superb EF

This type seems to depict a triumphal arch erected in Marcianopolis. For the 4 figures on top will be no other interpretation possible than that suggested by A.v.Sallet (Cat. Berlin 58, 11) of the Imperial family...So we have in te middle Severus and Domna, on the l. side Caracalla and on the r. side a bit smaller Geta. The triumphal arch seems to be erected under Severus but appears not until Caracalla's sole reign, probably at the beginning because Geta is depicted too (Pick).
3 commentsJochen
Marti Pacifero Cldc69 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Medieval, #12,69 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Megalopolis. Circa 160-150 BC. Bronze dichalkon or fourree core69 viewsBronze dichalkon or fourree core. 14.2mm. 2.27 g.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Large X with ΞB above, K-A across, M and thunderbolt below, all within wreath

Attribution: cf. BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1 Date: 160-150 BC

Ex BCD with tag. Note from BCD stating that this is a bronze coin struck from an identified offical die for a hemidrachm. This would make it possibly a test strike in bronze or a fouree core from a stolen die.
1 commentsDino
Meio escude Ouro Portugal 1722 Lisboa.jpg
Don Joao V from Portugal, 1/2 Escudo69 viewsAU, 15mm. ,Lisbon mint, Portugal, 1722
Obv: Ioannes V D G PORT ET ALG REX 1722 (L.)
Rev: Vinces in hoc signo
Jean Paul D
Miletos, Ionia69 views525 B.C.
Silver 1/12 stater
1.20 gm, 9-12 mm
Obv: Head of lion left
Rev: Star ornament within incuse square
Grose 8207, SNGvA 2082, SNG Cop 952, BMC 185.
3 commentsJaimelai
0760-0791 AH - Murad I - cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43 - Ottoman Mangir69 viewsSultan: Murad I (r. 1359-1389 AD)
Date: 1359-1389 AD (760-791 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

Reverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43
1.58g; 16.5mm; 135 or 315°
Mysia, Kyzikos, 002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), AE-16, RPC I 2244, K-Y/Z-I, Torch, all within wreath, Rare ! 69 viewsMysia, Kyzikos, 002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), AE-16, RPC I 2244, K-Y/Z-I, Torch, all within wreath, Rare !
avers:- No legend, bare head right, border of dots.
revers:- K-Y Z-I in two lines to left and right of torch, all within wreath of corn-ears.
exe: K-Y/Z-I//--, diameter: 15-16mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 1h,
mint: Mysia, Kyzikos, 002 Augustus, date: 63 B.C.-14 A.D., ref: RPC I 2244, SNG Tübingen 2277, BMC 210, SNG France 621, SNG von Aulock 7368,
1 commentsquadrans
Nero Sestertius, Roma type Lugdunum RIC 44269 viewsNERO AE orichalcum sestertius.

Lugdunum, 65 AD.

laureate head right, globe at point of bust. Reverse - Roma seated left on cuirass & shields, S C at sides, ROMA in exergue.
36mm, 24.4g.

RIC 442 (C)

Grade: VF, small hole..
2 commentscliff_marsland
Nero 13 Oct 59 - 9 Jun 68 AD, Lugdunum Mint69 viewsOrichalcum dupondius, Van Meter RIC (Nero) 27, RIC I 519 (BMCRE I 347), Weight 10.14 g, Max.diameter 27.55 mm, Lugdunum (Lyons) mint, 67 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left, small globe at base of neck; Rev. SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C, Securitas enthroned right, relaxed with head resting on right hand, scepter in left, lit altar and torch before. Thin brown and red patina, mostly worn. Cracks, chips, and corroded.

Historical background; Van Meter states that this type refers to the suppression of the Pisonian Conspiracy.
1 commentsSteve E
Nero, 54 - 68 AD69 viewsObv: NERO CAESAR, laureate head of Nero facing right.

Rev: AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS, Nero dressed in a toga and wearing a radiate crown, standing facing, holding a branch and a statue of Victory on a globe.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 64 - 65 AD

3.8 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC I 47, RSC 45, S1941, VM 6
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2015) viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 29, 12.30g, 28.79mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Demeter, stg. l., holding 2 corn-ears and a poppy-head in her outstretched r. hand, leaning
with l. hand on lighted torch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2047 (3 ex., Athens, Wien, Welzl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4186 corr. (rev. same die, writes in error ICTRON)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No.
VF, dark green patina

POC may be a ligate PR?
1 commentsJochen
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 362, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Numerian standing left,69 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 362, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PRINCIPI IVVENT, Numerian standing left,
avers:- M-AVR-NVM(M)ERIA(N)VS-C, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. LEGEND ERROR !!!.
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENT, Numerian standing left, holding wand and scepter.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 362, p-188,
Dolphin * 520-400 B.C. * Cast Bronze * Olbia, Sarmatia69 views
Bronze Dolphin - Olbia

Cast: 520-400 B.C.

Size: 28.20 x 9.345 mm.
Weight: 2.05 gms.

Condition: As shown in the photo. A lovely specimen.

- ? -
Otacilia Severa RIC IV, 125(c)69 viewsOtacilia Severa, Wife of Philipp I, AD 234
AR - Antoninianus, 4.19g, 22mm
Rome 146-148
draped bust on crescent, diademed head r.
Concordia seated l., holding patera and double cornucopiae
RIC IV/3, 125(c); C.4
good VF
2 commentsJochen
OTTOKAR II L-68a.jpg
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King69 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig, Vienna Mint. Obv.: Small cross in foliage ring. Rev.: Crowned lion left, border of stars. Luschin #68a. dpaul7
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King69 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Panther left with sword. Rev.: Ibex right. Reference: Luschin 71a.dpaul7
Ottomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II Constantinople (Qustantinya) #0869 viewsOttomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II
date: 1099-AH
mint: Constantinople (Qustantinya)
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Caesarea Maritima mint AE 2869 viewsBust r. radiate
Apollo nude holding branch, panther at his feet
Papal States -- Urban VIII Barberini69 viewsPapal States -- Urban VIII Barberini (1623-1644 AD) AR Barberino of Avignon, 1626. Obv.: VRBANVS VIII PONT M Tiara and keys over shield of arms Rev.: S PETRVS AVENIO St. Peter over shield of arms. BerMAN 1796. Toned VF. 26 mm.dpaul7
41-60 AD - Semi-Autonomous AE15 of Pergamum - struck under the time of the Claudians69 viewsobv: PEON CYNKLHTON (youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right)
rev: PEAN PWMHN (turreted and draped bust of Roma right)
ref: RPC 2374, SNG BN Paris 1964
mint: Pergamum, Mysia (40-60 AD)
4.03gms, 15mm

Pergamum was not conquered by the Romans. In 133 B.C. Attalus III, its last king, bequeathed Pergamum to the Romans and this granted to the city and its inhabitants the continued benevolence of the new rulers (with the only exception being Marcus Antonius who deprived the Library of Pergamum of many of its volumes to replenish that of Alexandria, which had been damaged by Julius Caesar).
Philipp II, AE18-1969 views18-19mm, 7.15g
1 commentsareich
69 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
Greek, Thrace, Mesembria, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm.69 views Mesembria mint (Thrace). Struck 250-175 BC. Obv.: Head of Herakles right in lionskins. Rev.: Zeus seated left with eagle & scepter; IДИ and Corinthian helmet left, monogram under throne.2 commentsseleukoy
Picture 024.jpg
Antonius Felix69 viewsPrefect: 52-59 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Wreath
Reverse: Crossed palm branches
Date: Year 14 = 54 AD
Reference: Hendin 651
1 commentsJohn K
Lysimachos Æ69 viewsLysimachos Æ21
c. 305-281 BC
Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Lion springing right; kerykeion, monogram, and spearhead below.

SNG Copenhagen 1153.

3 commentsmihali84
Alexander the Great, plated tetradrachm, imitating one of Pella mint69 views28mm, 10.97g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Macedonian helm to left, monogram below throne
seems to match most closely Price 625 but the monogram seems to have only two cross bars instead of three
ex Gitbud & Naumann
CLICK picture for a larger, sharper version
Sigismund III. Wasa 1587-1632. Dreipölker 1622, Bromberg. Kopicki 861.69 views2 commentsancientone
POLAND - 2010 Katyn Massacre Commemorative69 viewsPOLAND - 2010 2-Zloty, Aluminum-copper-zinc alloy. Commemorative coin '70th Anniversary of the Katyń Crime'.
Obverse: An image of the Eagle established as the State Emblem of the Republic of Poland. On the sides of the Eagle, the notation of the year of issue: 20 – 10. Below the Eagle, an inscription: ZŁ 2 ZŁ in the rim, an inscription: RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA, preceded and followed by six pearls. The Mint’s mark: M/W, under the Eagle’s left leg. Reverse: Centrally, an inscription: KATYŃ. Below, a stylized image of the military forage cap with the Polish military Eagle. At the top, a semicircular inscription: 70. ROCZNICA ZBRODNI KATYŃSKIEJ (70 TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE KATYN MASSACRE). Diameter – 27 mm, weight – 8.15 g., edge plain with the inscription, NBP, repeated eight times, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.
Put in circulation since April 8, 2010. Mintage: 1 000 000. The coin was struck at the National Bank of Poland.
In light of the recent tragedy of Poland losing her president and top leaders, this coin is sold out in Poland, I have been told.
On September 17, 1939 the Red Army invaded the territory of Poland from the east. This invasion took place while Poland had already sustained serious defeats in the wake of the German attack on the country that started on September 1, 1939; thus Soviets moved to safeguard their claims in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
In the wake of the Red Army's quick advance that met little resistance, between 250 000 and 454 700 Polish soldiers had become prisoners and were interned by the Soviets. About 250 000 were set free by the army almost on the spot, while 125 000 were delivered to the internal security services (the NKVD).
The NKVD in turn quickly released 42 400 soldiers. The approximately 170 000 released were mostly soldiers of Ukrainian and Belarusian ethnicity serving in the Polish army. The 43 000 soldiers born in West Poland, now under German control, were transferred to the Germans. By November 19, 1939, NKVD had about 40 000 Polish POWs: about 8 500 officers and warrant officers, 6 500 police officers and 25 000 soldiers and NCOs who were still being held as POWs.
As early as September 19, 1939, the People's Commissar for Internal Affairs and First Rank Commissar of State Security, Lavrenty Beria, ordered the NKVD to create a Directorate for Prisoners of War to manage Polish prisoners. The NKVD took custody of Polish prisoners from the Red Army, and proceeded to organize a network of reception centers and transit camps and arrange rail transport to prisoner-of-war camps in the western USSR. The camps were located at Jukhnovo (Babynino rail station), Yuzhe (Talitsy), Kozelsk, Kozelshchyna, Oranki, Ostashkov (Stolbnyi Island on Seliger Lake near Ostashkov), Tyotkino rail station (90 km from Putyvl), Starobielsk, Vologda (Zaenikevo rail station) and Gryazovets.
The approximate distribution of men throughout the camps was as follows: Kozelsk – 5 000; Ostashkov – 6 570; and Starobelsk – 4 000. They totalled 15 570 men.
On March 5, 1940, pursuant to a note to Joseph Stalin from Lavrenty Beria, the members of the Soviet Politburo – Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov, Anastas Mikoyan and Beria – signed an order to execute 25,700 Polish 'nationalists and counterrevolutionaries' kept at camps and prisons in occupied western Ukraine and Belarus.
Up to 99% of the remaining prisoners were subsequently murdered. People from Kozelsk were murdered in the usual mass murder site of Smolensk country, called Katyn forest; people from Starobilsk were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kharkiv and the bodies were buried near Pyatikhatki; and police officers from Ostashkov were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kalinin (Tver) and buried in Miednoje (Mednoye).
Estimates of the number of executed persons ranges from 15 000 to 21 768. Polish POWs and prisoners were murdered in Katyn forest, Kalinin (Tver) and Kharkiv prisons and elsewhere. About 8 000 of the victims were officers taken prisoner during the 1939 invasion of Poland, the rest being Polish citizens who had been arrested for allegedly being 'intelligence agents, gendarmes, spies, saboteurs, landowners, factory owners and officials'.
The term 'Katyn massacre' originally referred to the massacre, at Katyn Forest near villages of Katyn and Gnezdovo (about 12 miles (19 km) west of Smolensk, Russia), of Polish military officers confined at the Kozelsk prisoner-of-war camp. It is applied now also to the execution of prisoners of war held at Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps, and political prisoners in West Belarus and West Ukraine, shot on Stalin's orders at Katyn Forest, at the NKVD (Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) Smolensk headquarters and at a slaughterhouse in the same city, as well as at prisons in Kalinin (Tver), Kharkiv, Moscow, and other Soviet cities.
The 1943 discovery of mass graves at Katyn Forest by Germany, after its armed forces had occupied the site in 1941, precipitated a rupture of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Polish government-in-exile in London. The Soviet Union continued to deny responsibility for the massacres until 1990, when it acknowledged that the NKVD secret police had in fact committed the massacres and the subsequent cover-up. The Russian government has admitted Soviet responsibility for the massacres, although it does not classify them as war crimes or as acts of genocide, as this would have necessitated the prosecution of surviving perpetrators, which is what the Polish government has requested. It also does not classify the dead as the victims of Stalinist repressions, in effect barring their formal posthumous rehabilitation.
On 13 April 1990, the forty-seventh anniversary of the discovery of the mass graves, the USSR formally expressed 'profound regret' and admitted Soviet secret police responsibility.
That day is also an International Day of Katyn Victims Memorial (Światowy Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Katynia).
After Poles and Americans discovered further evidence in 1991 and 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin released and transferred to the new Polish president, former Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa, top-secret documents from the sealed package no. 1.
In June 2008, Russian courts consented to hear a case about the declassification of documents about Katyn and the judicial rehabilitation of the victims. In an interview with a Polish newspaper, Vladimir Putin called Katyn a 'political crime'.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, Bust:C(A2), A•//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter with Victory, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: 4th. Unspecified Oriental Mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 1st. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-3-1, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 818 var, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-H, -/-//XXIT, Emperor galloping left, Scarce,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 818 var, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-H, -/-//XXIT, Emperor galloping left, Scarce,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (1,H)
revers:- VIRTVS-P-ROBI-AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing enemy, shield under horse.
exergo: -/-//XXIT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd emission of Siscia, 277, date: 277 A.D.,
ref: RIC-V-II-818, p-106, Alföldi type 98 No-56,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !
avers:- PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- AETERN-ITAS-AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: -/-//RIZ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 7th emission of Rome, 282, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-168, p-36, C-, Scarce !
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 543, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, -/-//ΔXXI, Mars walking left, , C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield.
exerg: -/-//ΔXXI, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-543, p-74, C-358, "C",
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Probus, Egypt, Alexandria, Tetradrachm69 viewsPotin Tetradrachm of Alexandria
obv: A K M AVP PPOBOC CEB, laureate cuirassed bust right
rev: L-B, eagle standing left, head right with wreath in its beak.
Year 2 = 276-277 AD
9.8 gm ; 20 mm
Milne 4545; Sear 4772.
3 commentsJericho
Roman Empire, PROBUS. AE ANTONINIANUS of Rome. Struck A.D.276 - 282. 69 viewsObverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Probus facing right.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGVSTI. Probus standing facing left, holding sceptre and crowning trophy; to left of trophy, seated captive; in exergue, R.
Diameter: 23mm | Weight: 3.2gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC V ii : 243 var.. Unlisted in RIC with this bust type.
Lydia, Maionia, Zeus / Athena, AE2669 views26mm, 11.05g
obv: ΖΕΥΣ ΟΛΥΜΠΙΟΣ; head of Zeus Olympios wearing taenia, l.; with traces of drapery
rev: ΕΠΙ ΑΠΟΛ ΤΟ Β ΜΑΙΟΝΩΝ (uncertain); helmeted Athena (or Roma?) seated on cuirass and shield, l., holding Nike and parazonium

RPC online (temporary №) 9540; SNG Tübingen 3719 (magistrate name not clear)

Thanks to Lars for the attribution.
1 commentsareich
026 Nerva (96-98 A.D.), RIC II 112 var, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Winged caduceus, S-C across the field,69 views026 Nerva (96-98 A.D.), RIC II 112 var, Rome, AE-Quadrans, Winged caduceus, S-C across the field,
avers:- IMP NERVA CAES AVG, modius with three grain ears.
revers:- Winged caduceus, S-C across the field.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15-15,5mm, weight: 2,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 96-98 A.D., ref: RIC-II-112 var, C-138, BMC ,
1 commentsquadrans
RI 132kf img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 185 - Bust type F (Rome) ((R crescent Γ) )69 viewsObv:–IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMAE AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (R crescent Γ) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 279
Reference(s) – RIC 185 Bust type F
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 155b img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Heraclea 017 (MHTΔ)69 viewsObv:– IMP LICINIVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing Imperial mantle and holding mappa, sceptre and globe
Rev:– PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Campgate with 3 turrets, no door, 2 stars above, 7 rows of bricks
Minted in Heraclea (MHTΔ in exe.) in A.D. 317
References:– RIC VII Heraclea 17 (R2)
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (2,F),
revers: ORIENS-AVG, Sol walking left, between two captives, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exerg: -/-//I, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, 2nd emiss, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 044, p-23, C-, Bastien 164, R!
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 360, Ticinum, FELICITAS SEC, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Felicitas standing left, Legend error, double struck! #169 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 360, Ticinum, FELICITAS SEC, Bust-F, -/-//SXXT, Felicitas standing left, Legend error, double struck! #1
avers:- IMP C PROBVS(VS) P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (3,F)(Legend error, but double struck!).
revers:- FELICIT(IT)AS SEC, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.(Legend error, but double struck!).
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 24,5mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th emision of Ticinum, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 360, p-56,
1 commentsquadrans
Vespasian RIC-51469 viewsAR Denarius, 3.32g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C). BMC 101. RSC 516.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
Acquired from Sergey Nechayev, September 2010.

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
RIC 0588 Vespasianus69 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS, Laureate head left
Rev : AEQVITAS AVGVST / S - C, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left
AE/As (27.47 mm 10.60 g 6h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 588 (R), BMCRE unlisted, BNF unlisted
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0747 Domitianus69 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS AVGVSTUS, Laureate head right
AU/Aureus (19.44 mm 7.435 g 6h) Struck in Rome 92-94 A.D.
RIC 747 (C), BMCRE 211, BNF 187
ex Inasta Auction 11 lot 339
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 904, Cyzicus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//--, Emperor riding left,69 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 904, Cyzicus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//--, Emperor riding left,
avers:- VIRTVS PR-OB-I AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated with a rider right.
revers:- ADVENTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd emission, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC-904, Scarce!
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