FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
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Constans44 viewsConstans AE2 Trier,
347-348 AD.

obv: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier dragging young barbarian from hut.
TRS in ex.
RIC 224.
4 commentsGeorge
Constantine I Hereclea RIC 70 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC Hereclea 7044 viewsConstantine I
Hereclea Mint. 307- 337 A.D.
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG - Ladder shaped diadem with annulets, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Exergue: SMH(gamma)
Ref: RIC Hereclea 70
Note: No longer in my collection. Swapped for Arcadius RIC X 97, May 2005.
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 258.jpg
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII Trier 25844 viewsAE3, 14x16mm, 3.71g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Helmeted and Cuirassed Bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, VOT/XX on standard between two captives.

Exe PTR (Trier Officina 1).

RIC VII 258, 320, R4.
Bronze Nummus of Constantine I ("the Great"). A.D. 323-324.44 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
Rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA - Victory advancing right, holding trophy, pushing captive standing on ground.
PTR[crescent] in exergue.

Trier Mint, RIC 435

Removed from a piece of jewelry. Edges had been filed to make coin round.
2 commentsCGPCGP
Constantine II44 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate bust left

SMKA dot in ex.
Camp Gate

325-326 AD

2.76 g

RIC VII 37 Scarce
Jay GT4
Roman Empire, CONSTANTINE I AE Follis RIC VII 435v, SARMATIA DEVICTA44 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right
REV: SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing rt, holding trophy on right arm, branch in left hand, spurning captive seated on ground right, head turned back, STR(cresent) in ex.
2.8g, 19.4mm

Minted at Treveri, 323-4 AD
ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE Follis of Nicomedia. Struck c.A.D.312. 44 viewsObverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO. Sol, fully dressed in long robe, standing facing left, right hand raised and holding head of Serapis in left; in left field, A; in right field, crescent; in exergue, SMN.
RIC VI : 73c
2 comments*Alex
Constantine I - [Nicomedia RIC VII 12]44 viewsSilvered follis, 3.24g, 20mm, 0 degree, Nicomedia mint, 307-337 A.D.

Obv. - IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right

Rev. - IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, nude except for chlamys, holding Victory on globe in right and leaning on sceptre in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, Z to right, SMN in ex.

Great centering, full legends, and purchased for the marvelous reverse

80%+ silvering

Purchased from Rhodes Ancient Coins
4 commentsrenegade3220
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 389, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,44 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 389, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,
avers:-CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, D2, Helmeted cuirassed head right.
revers:-BEATA-TRANQ-VILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above tree stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR Crescent, diameter: 18,5-20 mm, weight: 2,99g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC VII 389, p-199, c2,
Constantius I Concordia Militium.jpg
Constantius I- Concordia Militium44 viewsConstantius I, May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right


FL: Flavius
VAL: Valentinus
NOB: Noble
CAES: Caes


MILITVM: Military

Constantius standing right receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing left.

Domination: Copper post-reform radiate, AE 3, Size 21 mm.

Mint: ALE for Alexandria. Officiana marking could be either A (Alpha first Oficina) or Δ = Delta is fourth Oficina. Rarity listed as C

I would venture to say it is RIC 48a of Alexandria struck 296-297
John Schou
constantius ii follis galley reverse (2).jpg
Constantius II, Galley reverse, Thessalonica mint, 348-351AD44 viewsConstantius II, AD 337-361
AE3, 19mm
Thessalonika, 348-351 AD
diademed draped cuirassed bust right
emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding a phoenix on a globe & a standard with Chi-Rho in the banner
TESB in exergue
Constantius II : GLORIA EXERCITVS44 viewsConstantius II, as Caesar (A.D. 317-337), Bronze Folles, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), second officina, A.D. 335-337, laureate and cuirassed bust right, FL IVL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, rev., GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing wither side of two standards, TRS• in exergue
(RIC 546, HRIC Constantius 72, Cohen 104), 17mm

ex Killingholme Hoard (The hoard was discovered by metal detectorists in 1993 near the village of Killingholme, which is situated on the south bank of the Humber estuary, near to the modern Immingham docks. The find consisted of approximately 3700 Constantinian bronze reduced folles, mainly from mints in the Western empire and predominately struck in the A.D. 320's and early 330's. It is likely that the hoard was deposited c. A.D 333-334.
Petrus Blasimus
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Aquileia 9644 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 6.2g, 24mm
Aquileia, 1.officina,, AD 348-350
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r.
Soldier spearing falling horseman; he is waeing a pointed hat and is kneeling l. in front of his horse (RIC type FH1 kneeling, rare)
field right: star
exergue: AQP dot
RIC VIII, Aquileia 96; LRBC 892
S!, about EF, flan break at 9 o'clock

Not in Helvetica's list.

This issue celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara AD 344 against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
1 commentsJochen
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Arles 215 var.44 viewsConstantius II, AD 337-361, son of Constantine I
AE 3 (Centenionalis), 2.5g, 18.69mm
Arles, 1st officina, 18 Aug. 353 - 6 Nov. 355
Bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r., wearing pearl-necklace
Soldier, helmeted stg. l., spearing fallen horseman; horseman, wearing pointed hat, std. in front of his horse r., raising hands to soldier. (RIC type FH2, sitting)
in ex. PCON
RIC VIII, Arles 215; LRBC 455
about VF
ex Baldwins 1989
ex coll. Failmezger (plate coin)

The rev. is cut a bit disregardfully. So the position of the spear behind the soldier's arm is physically impossible. Not in Helvetica's FH lists. Arles 215 is only described with type FH3 reaching!

Arelate (Arles) was named Constantina AD 328-340 in honour of Constantine II, who was born here. And a second time from AD 353-374.
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Siscia 35044 viewsConstantius II AD 337-361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 3 (Centenionalis), 2.6g
Siscia AD 351-355, 4th officin
bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
Soldier, with shield, spearing fallen horseman, laying forwards on horse,
stretching out arm against soldier (FH3 type)
in ex.. Delta SIS
RIC VIII, Siscia 350; LRBC 1218
about EF, glossy chocolate-brown surface

The horseman is loosing his petasus-like hat! A very rare variant.
Constans RIC VIII 10344 viewsObv:CONSTANS P F AVG
rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears and shields standing to either side of one Chi-Rho standard
dot ESIS dot in ex.
16mm 1.3 gm
Constantius Gallus, RIC VIII, Siscia 33344 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar AD 351-354, cousin of Constantius II
AE 2 (Centenionalis), 4.98g, 23mm
Siscia, 1th series, 2nd officina, 28 Sept. 351 - 6 Nov. 355
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
behind head letter A
Soldier, helmeted stg. l., spearing fallen horseman; horseman, bearded and wearing bowl-shaped helmet, std. l. on horse, turned r. and raising hand against the soldier; r. on the ground his shield (RIC type FH3 reaching)
in upper l. field III
in ex. BSIS
RIC VIII, Siscia 333; LRBC 1203
about VF, slightly rough

Here too the horseman doesn't wear a Phrygian bonnet but rather a bowl-shaped helmet. His beard looks like a walrus moustache! Not in Helvetica's FH lists.
Constantine the Great44 viewsConstantine I - Constantinople Mint - Officina 2 - AE3 - RIC VII 80
O: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers facing each other holding a spear and shield on either side of two standards, dot-CONSB-dot in exergue

2.9g, 17.6mm, 0 degree die axis, 333-335AD
307-337 AD - Constantine I - RIC VII Thessalonica 222 - GLORIA EXERCITVS44 viewsEmperor: Constantine I (r. 307-337 AD)
Date: 336-337 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Size: AE3

Bust right; rosette-diadem, draped and cuirassed

Glory of the Army.
Two soldiers, helmeted, standing looking at one another, reversed spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield resting on ground; between them, one standard.
Exergue: SMTSA (Thessalonica mint, first officina)

RIC VII Thessalonica 222; VM 94
1.49g; 17.3mm; 165°
Ric-150 Gordian III - Providentia44 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
PROVIDENTIA AVG - Providentia standing left, holding a baton over the globe (universe-world) at her feet; left hand grasps perpendicular scepter

Ric -150 Cohen-299 June-Dec. AD 243 (12th Issue, 4th Officina)
Aquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #144 viewsAquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Cyprus44 viewsKm33 - 3 Mils - 1955
Km55.2 - 5 Cents - 1987
Km41 - 50 Mils - 1970
Daniel F
CYPRUS - Crusader Kingdom44 viewsCYPRUS - Crusader Kingdom, Janus I (1398-1432) billon Denier. Obv.: Rampant Cyprus Lion; +DE CHIPRE E D ERI Rev.: Jerusalem Cross, +IANVS ROI DE CH. Reference: MALLOY-122.dpaul7
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Liard- 158244 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ L . P . [DOMBAR .] D . MONTISP . M, Grand L couronné.
+ DNS ADIVTOR . MEVS . 1582, croix florencee
0.78 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 50, PA # 5129v, Mantellier # 29v
Potator II
Euboea, Histiaea. AR tetrobol.44 views196-146 B.C., 1,9 grams.
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, hair wreathed with vine.
Rev.: Nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, ornamented with crescent, holding naval standard; below galley trident, leg. ISTIAIEON
1 commentsseleukoy
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)44 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
02 - 03 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)44 viewsAR Denario 17 mm de 3,51 gr.

Anv: ANEPIGRAFA - Busto diademado de Venus a der. Cupido detrás de su hombro.
Rev: Dos cautivos sentados a los lados de un trofeo de armas Galo, con escudo ovalado y Carnix en cada brazo, CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 46 - 45 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Babelon Julia #11 - Sear CRI #58 - Craw. 468/1 - Syd. #1014 - BMCRR Spain #89 - RSC Vol.I Caesar #13 Pag.107 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1404 Pag.269 - Cohen Vol.I #13 Pag.10

1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.44 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina

Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

laureate head right
Minerva walking right, brandishing spear in right hand,
holding shield on left arm
19.5mm 3.38gm
024 Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC II , RIC-New , Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, 44 views024 Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC II , RIC-New , Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P,
Unofficial, (Plated /Subaerate/Fouree)
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-(P)-X"I", Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXII-COS-XVII-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield.
The right combination would be TR P XV - COS XVII.
A double engravers's error (missing P and I vs. V)
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 89 A.D., ref: RIC--p-, (New-), C-,
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian denarius with the COS VII - DES VIII PP reverse.44 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. End of 81 AD (Group 3).
Grs 3.16 and 17 mm.
Observe : IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM. Laureate head slightly bearded looking right. Reverse : COS VII- DES VIII PP. Minerva advancing right with spear and shield.
RIC 28. Not in Cohen (with PP at the end of the reverse's legend).
Rarity : R2.
2 commentslabienus
Domitian. Denarius. 92 AD.44 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. January–September AD 92.
18mm and 3.23 g.
Observe : IMP CΛESΛR DOMIT ΛVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right.
Reverse : IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing spear with right hand and holding shield in left; to lower right, owl standing right, head facing.
RIC II 736.
Rarity factor : R2
One of the classic Minerva types but with a very rare legend combination (TRP XI and IMP XXII), minted during only a few days.
I was looking for this one for a while. A few came around but the last bar of the XXII was, in all cases except this one, poorly clear (something of a scratch rather than a neat one).
This one is much clearer.
1 commentslabienus
Greek, Moesia, Istros AR Drachm (4th Century BC44 viewsThrace, Istros AR Drachm. 4th Century BC.

Two male heads facing, the right inverted / Sea eagle carrying dolphin left; ISTRIH, monogram below.

5.5 g, 14 mm
4 commentssuperflex
MACEDON, Neapolis. Late 5th-early 4th Century BC.44 viewsAR Hemidrachm (12mm 1.9 gm).
Facing gorgoneion
N-E-Ω-Π, Artemis head right.
SNG ANS 425-427.
6 commentsDino
AE Pentanummium Justinian I SB 24444 viewsObverse: Bust Rt., D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP. AVG
Reverse: Large E with cross in center; to r., star.
Date: 551-560 AD
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Sear 244 D.O 271
14mm, 2.12gm
1 commentswileyc
Gaul, Bellovaci (Gallia Belgica) bronze unit (c. 50-25 AC)44 viewso/ Stylized bearded head right, with hair finishing in a mushroom shape.
r/ Stylized lion left
2,26g. 18,5x20mm. 4h
Scheers, Traité 471; BMC 32; Scheers Seine Mar. 646; L.T. 8577; DT 231.
5 commentsAugustin Caron
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I, Rom mint, struck 236-237 AD, AE Dupondius44 viewsMAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM radiate-headed draped bust right
VICTORIA GERMANICA, S-C Victory standing left, German captive at feet left
RIC 91; Cohen 111
Elagabalus Denarius44 viewsElagabalus AR Denarius
218-222 AD
Ob: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rv: VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left, diadem in both hands, shields to sides, star to left.
Closest ref: RIC 161, RSC 300, BMC 234 (Described with start to right)
Scotvs Capitis
Aelia Flacilla, Salvs Reipvblicae, Costantinopoli44 viewsantvwala
Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus / Head of boar44 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.

RPC I says on p. 272: "C.M. Kraay pointed out (NC 1975, pp. 235-
47), many of the 'automomous' and Augustan coins, dated to the
reign of Augustus by Oikodominou, are in fact later, ranging from
a few of the reign of Augustus down to the third century (post-
humous coins were struck for Augustus in the reigns of Trajan,
Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, perhaps Commodus, perhaps Caracalla,
and Valerian)."

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium the previous year.
1 commentsancientone
Euboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #544 viewsEuboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #5
avers:- Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled.
revers:- ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ , Nymph Histiaia seated right on galley, stern ornamented with shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,74g, axis: 2h,
mint: Euboia, Histiaia, date: 3rd. centuries B.C., ref: Sear-2498,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Eugenius.44 viewsAR siliqua. Lugdunum 392-394 AD. 1,94 grs. Pearl diademed,draped and cuirassed bust right. D N EVGENIVS PF AVG. / Roma seated left on cuirass holding Victory in right hand and inverted spear in left. VRBS ROMA. In exergue LVG PS.
RIC 46. RSC 18a.
3 commentsbenito
Roman Republic L Marcius Philippus fouree Denarius44 viewsObv: ANCVS
Diad. head of King Ancus Marcius r., litus behind

Rev: Aqua Marcia surmounted by equestrian statue r., AQVA MAR within arches (MAR in monogram) PHILIPPVS on l.

illegal mint 56 B.C. or after
19mm - 2.1g - 90deg
imitating Sear RCV 382

Ancient silver-plated counterfeit with numerous breaks in the silver plating and edge chips exposing the base metal core.
1 commentsTRPOT
John Hyrcanus I44 viewsYehochanan the high priest and Concil of Jews
mint : Jerusalem
134-104 BC
Hendin 452
Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan)44 views103 - 76 B.C.
Widow’s Mite
Bronze prutah (or lepton)
1.55 g, 19 mm
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY around inverted anchor
Rev.: star surrounded by diadem

Modern replica received in advertisement for
The Jewish Voice Ministries
RIC 12044 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and leaning on column.

Cast fake, sold on eBay on Oct. 23, 2011 for £62,00 (byzantinecollector)
1 commentsklausklage
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!44 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REI-PVBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//R wreath P, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,64g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-292, p-330, R4!!!,
Faustina II denarius44 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,44 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
Antonius Felix44 viewsAntonius Felix
Prefect: 52-59 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Crossed Shields Spears
Reverse: Palm Tree
Date: Year 14 = 54 AD
Reference: Hendin 652
3 commentsJohn K
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,44 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,
This is the round head with three knobs type. Small fibula with half-round head with three knobs and chip-carved radiate design, straight narrow foot with lateral "caterpillar" ridges and usually animal head foot. A Krefeld type fibula. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
A small variant of this type. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 32x21mm,
weight: 3,56g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: Krefeld type, Stanev,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths. Middle and lower Danube. Northern Serbia and northern Bulgaria. Ostrogothic, likely Theodoric's tribes.
Roman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057, 44 viewsRoman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057,
type: Geometric Plate Fibula
size: 36x27mm,
date: A.D.,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega Fibula, AR-Fibulae, #85,44 viewsFibula #085, AR Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular Silver brooch, Omega Fibula.
size: 27,5x30mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Bust radiant right, draped
Reverse: FIDES_M_I_LITVM SC left and right in field
Fides draped, standing front, head left, holding a vertical standard in each hand
BMC 229*, RIC 553
Weight, 11.546g; die axis, 12h
Austria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ca 13,44 viewsAustria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ca 13,
diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 0,97g, axis:7h,
mint: , , mint mark: ,
date: A.D., ref: CNA I, Ca 13; Luschin-Ebengreuth 13.,
DIVA FAVSTINA44 viewsAR 17mm after 141AD
Obv - DIVA FAVSTINA - draped bust right
Rev - AED DIV FAVSTINAE - hexastyle temple with statue of Faustina
Reference - RIC III (Antoninus Pius) 343
Mint - Rome
Gordian III44 viewsGordian III AR Antoninianus. March-May? 240 AD
IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / PM TR P II COS PP, Gordian standing left sacrificing over altar from patera.
Scarce one year obverse legend
RIC 54
4.5 g.
lil better shot.
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
009 - Gallienus (253-268 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 610F 44 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS AVG. Apollo standing left, holding branch and leaning on tripod.
Minted in Antioch (PXV in exe), 267 AD.
4 commentspierre_p77
090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 160, Rome, Sole Reign, AETERNITAS AVG, Sol standing left,44 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 160, Rome, Sole Reign, AETERNITAS AVG, Sol standing left,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiated head right.
revers:- AETERNITAS-AVG, Radiate Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe raised in left. Γ in left field.
exerg: Γ/-//--, diameter: 19-19,5mm, weight: 3,28g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 264-265-A.D. Sole Reign., ref: RIC-V-I-160, p-, C-, Göbl-577a,
198-209 AD - Geta as Caesar - Moushmov 0519 - Snake Climbing Altar Reverse44 viewsCaesar: Geta (Caes. 198-209 AD)
Date: 198-209 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE16

Obverse: ??? ΓETAC K
Bust right; draped

Snake climbing up a tripod altar.

Mint: Markianopolis, Thrace
Moushmov 519
3.21g; 16.5mm; 195°
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus44 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Ric-111 - Gordian III AETERNITATI AVG44 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AETERNITATI AVG - Sol, the god of the sun, stands right, holding a globe

4th issue. A scarcer type and a nice coin! RIC-111(r) RSC 39
Antique Glass Bottle #0244 viewsAntique Glass Bottle #02
type: Bottle
size: height:107mm, widest diameter:26,5mm, smallest diameter:12mm,
weight: 21,42g,
date: A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Roman Glass Shard44 viewsDate: circa 2nd-3rd centuries AD
Size: 34 mm across

This dark black glass shard depicts a dog looking back while in full stride. The object above is unknown, but could be a ball.
2 commentsNoah
Gordian III Sestertius44 viewsÆ Sestertius

laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Mars advancing right, holding shield and spear. S C across field

243-244 AD



RIC IV 333; Hunter 149; Cohen 161.
Jay GT4
Gordian III Antoninianus 238-244AD44 viewsOb. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev. PAX AVGVSTI - Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
Ref. RIC IV 214(b)
Antioch mint

2 commentsBacchus
Gordianus III. denar44 viewsLAETITIA AVG N1 commentsTibsi
Gordianus III. antoninianus44 viewsMARS PROPVGtibsi67
GREEK, Attica, Athens, Owl Tetradrachm44 viewsGreece, Attica, Athens, "Athenian Owl" Tetradrachm, 25 mm, 17.14g, 454-404 BC

Please also see the wonderful and comprehensive write up on the "Athenian Owl" at the link below:
Kings of Syria, Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos)44 views(108-97 BC). Antioch mint.
Obv.: Diademed head right.
Rev.: Zeus seated, holding Nike and sceptre; PEA left, monogram below throne.
Houghton 346; SNG Spaer 2554.
5 commentsMinos
H5-Mercury Dime.jpg
Mercury Dime44 viewsWinged Liberty Head or "Mercury" Dime, 1942

Minted 1916-1945, 2.5 gr., 17.9 mm, reeded edge, .900 silver, .100 copper, Designer: Adolph A. Weinman.

1942 dime, fine, 205,432,329 minted.

Reference: KM 140
Daniel Friedman
Hendin-500 / 1188 (01)44 viewsHerod I - prutah
1.70 grams
hadrian tripolis.jpg
Hadrian - Tripolis, Phoenicia44 views11.4 grams
obv: Bust right
rev: Busts right of the Dioscuri, jugate
Note: "The Disocuri were Castor and Polydeuces (or Pollux), the twin sons of Leda and Zeus and the brothers of Helen of Troy." - James Hunter
1 commentsJericho
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Caracalla, Jurukova 38944 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE 17, 3.18g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
winged Eros standing r., holding tablet (or roll?) in extended hands, bow and quiver
behind him.
Varbanov 3520; Jurokova 389; Moushmov 2618
rare, about VF

Eros seems to read love poetry from a tablet.
Antoninus Pius/Salus AE Dupondius44 viewsAntonio Protti
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AR denarius - struck 118 AD44 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG (laureate bust right, cuirassed, draped far shoulder)
rev: P M TR P COS II (Justice is seated on the curule chair, as on a tribunal: with the insignia of the hasta pura and the extended patera she displays her care for religion), IVSTITIA in ex.
ref: RIC II 42, RSC 877
mint: Rome
3.25gms, 19mm

Rare cuirassed bust, RIC not describes (c - not in RIC). Unfortunately the reverse is burned, but still valuable.
The reverse perhaps refer to the edictum perpetuum or Pretorian edict, what was an annual declaration made by the praetor urbanus in which he laid out the principles by which he would exercise his jurisdiction for his year in office. Under Hadrian, the edict became fixed and unchangeable.
And there's an other fact that can refer this reverse. When Hadrian arrived in Rome in July 118 to a hostile reception on the part of the senate, because of the death of the four consulars. The four men were Cornelius Palma, governor of Syria, Avidius Nigrinus, governor of Dacia, Publilius Celsus and Lusius Quietus, governor of Judaea, they were all Trajan's men, and their elimination certainly made Hadrian's course easier. But an Emperor had right everytime, and he was the justice.
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 118 AD44 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.DIVI.TRA.PARTH.F.DIVI NER.NEP.TRAIANO.HADRIANO.AVG (laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder)
rev: PONT.MAX.TR.POT.COS.II (legionary eagle between two standards), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 546b (S), C.1182 (5frcs)
mint: Rome
8.68gms, 28mm

History: Quintus Marcius Turbo (who was governor of Pannonia [117-118] and later became Hadrian's praetorian prefect) successfully led II Adiutrix against the Sarmatians in 118, this coin probably commemorated the succesfull campaign.
1 commentsberserker
Horse Harness Strap Spliters44 viewsThese bronze items are part of Roman cavalry harness and are used to split one strap into three or to hang three straps from under one horizontal strap. I do not know the era.otlichnik
Sear 830 - Half Follis - 614-615 AD (Year 5) - Thessalonica mint44 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 614-615 AD (Year 5)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: ]RC[ - ]PVC
To left, Heraclius; to right, Heraclius Constantine; each standing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand. Between heads, cross.

Reverse: Large "K"; To left, /N/N/O; To right, .
Exergue: C

Thessalonica mint
DO 140; Sear 830; MIB 227
5.89g; 23.3mm; 330°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Cilicia, Hieropolis-Kastabala, SNG Levante 156444 viewsAE 21, 7g
struck 2nd-1st century BC
obv. Bust of City Goddess (Tyche), wearing mural crown, r.; monogram behind
rev. [I]EROPOLITW[N] (r. side, top down)
Artemis Perasia, in long garment and with kalathos, std. l. on throne with high back, holding short
sceptre in l. hand; beneath seat an eahle stg. l.
VF, dark-green patina with earthen highlights

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting Coins'.
1 commentsJochen
Honorius RIC X, Ravenna 134044 viewsHonorius 393 - 423
AV - Tremissis, 1.41g, 12mm
Ravenna AD 408 - 423 (after death of Arcadius)
draped, cuirassed bust, rosette-diademed head r.
Victory in military dress advancing r., holding cross-globe li. and wreath r.
field: R and V
exergue: COMOB
RIC X, Ravenna 1340; C.47
Rare; about VF (obv. with scratches, rev. with dagger's marks, bended)
added to

Die-links with Johannes RIC 1906 and Theodosius RIC 1339 and RIC 1802!
Sassanids, Hormizd II, Goebl 83 cf.44 viewsHormizd II, AD 302-309
AR - drachm, 27.2mm, 3.48g
obv. legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, from r. to l.): .ly. .KLM n.KLM [ydzmrhw'] ygb nsd
[y?]zm (= The Mazdah worshipper, the divine Hormizd, the king of kings of
Iran, who is descended from the gods)
Bust, bearded, r., wearing crown with eagle r., holding pearl in beak, above
korymbos (Goebl crown type I)
rev. Fire-altar, girlanded, decorated with three globuli, burning, in the flames bearded bust of Ahura Mazda, l.; at l. side Hormizd wearing eagle-crown and korymbos, stg. r., and at r. side bearded priest, wearing mural crown, both with harem pants(?) and holding sword with both hands, behind legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, clockwise from upper right to l.): [ydzmrhw'] 'LWN (= The Fire of Hormizd)
cf. Göbl 83; cf. Mitchener ACW 867; cf. Paruck 176 (all with only one globukus)
about VF, small die break on rev.
Thanks to T.K.Mallon from for the legends!

Korymbos (often called globe in error!) = typical hair-doe of the Sassanids kings, hair of head combined ball-shaped above, covered in silk-rag. The crown was specific for each king.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-1, Unger 673m, Réthy II 306A, dated 1519 44 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGARI * 1519 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1509-1516, when he withdrew and relocated to Augsburg (per Pohl), yet coins apparently continued to be struck with his mark through 1520.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-2, Unger 673n, Réthy II 306A, dated 1520 44 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1520 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–A (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Alexius Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1517-1524 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Iceland44 viewsKm24 - 5 Aurar - 1981
Km18 - 5 Kronur - 1978
Km29.1 - 10 Kronur - 1984
Daniel F
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0144 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #01
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,3 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis:10h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0244 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #02
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12 mm, weight: 0,34 g, axis:8h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
3 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0444 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #04
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,26 g, axis:1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #0244 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #02
avers:- Three lines with crosses at the ends and four crosses, two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with circles at the ends, dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,20 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-067, CHN-1-160, Huszar-180,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Troas, Ilion, SNG Cop 34744 viewsTroas, Ilion mint, c. 300 - 240 B.C. AE, 1.84g 12mm, SNG Cop 347
O: Head of Athena, l., in crested Attic helmet
R: IΛI, Athena Ilias standing left, holding filleted spear and distaff
6 Nero44 viewsNero. A.D. 54-68. Æ as (29 mm, 11.60 g, 6 h). Lugdunum, ca. A.D. 66. IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, bare head of Nero right, globe at point of neck / S C across field, Victory alighting left, holding shield inscribed [S P Q R]. RIC 543; WCN 593; BMC 381; Cohen 302. Medium brown patina with attractive earthen green deposits, light encrustations. Very fine.

Ex Triskeles Auctions
3 commentsSosius
Agrippa44 viewsIn the name of Agrippa.
As 37-41, Æ 11.39 g. Head of Agrippa l. wearing rostral crown. Rev. Neptune standing l., holding small dolphin and trident. C 3. RIC 58
Green patina somewhat porous
4 commentsTLP
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.44 viewsAR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.4g
obv: Laureate head Zeus right
rev: Achaian league monogram. Monograms and letters across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.

BMC 42; McClean 6409-10; SNG Cop 252; Leake 3643-5; Clerk 77/15 & 78/16; BCD 508.6.

3 commentsDino
Caesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm 44 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm
Obv:bust in plait tiad up at back of head
REV:Roma nikophora seated to left on throne
44 viewsRugser
India Republic.jpg
India Republic44 viewsKm8 - 1 Naya Paisa - 1960-B
Km16 - 5 Naye Paise - 1958
Km24.2 - 10 Naye Paise - 1961
Daniel F
Roman Dark blue Glass-Intaglo #005,44 viewsRoman Dark blue Glass-Intaglo #005,
type: Glass-Intaglio, Mars or Virtus ???
size: 15x12mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Heraclea44 viewsA.D. 321-324
AE Follis
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG radiate, draped, cuirassed
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour]
Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on eagle tipped-sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; to r., captive.
in ex. SMHB right field X over II and an episemon for half
RIC VII Heraclea 51 R2

These coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria)and were reduced in value (from 25 to 12 and a half). He struck these in the names of all the rulers but the reduction in value was not recognized outside his territories.
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus44 viewsThe temple of Venus

Venus is the patron goddess of Pompeii and her sanctuary, from where one can enjoy a view of the Gulf of Naples, dominates the plain below. The earthquake of 62 A.D. destroyed the edifice and its reconstruction was still in process when the eruption occurred. The area was surrounded by arcades. Still existing in the middle of the temple is its podium (29,15 x 15,5 m.).
John Schou
Marcus Ambibulus procurator under Augustus, Æ, 9-12 CE44 viewsBronze prutah of Marcus Ambibulus, Procurator of Judea under Augustus, 9-12 CE, 16 mm.

Obverse: KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved to right;
Reverse: 8-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L – ΛΘ (Lambda theta) (= year 39 = 9/10 CE)

Reference: Hendin 636, SGIC 5607, TJC 313, AJC II, 281, Supp. V, 3.

Added to collection: November 27, 2005
Daniel Friedman
J12a-Pilate H-648.jpg
Pontius Pilate, 26 - 36 CE, ̠ Prutah44 viewsBronze prutah of Pontius Pilate, procurator under Tiberias, (26 Р36 CE), 15 mm, struck 29 CE.

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley, the outer two ears droop, surrounded by inscription “IOYΔIA KAICAPOC” (Of Julia Caesar).
Reverse: Libation ladle (simpulum), surrounded by inscription “TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC” (Of Tiberias Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) = 29 CE.

Reference: Hendin 648, AJC II supplement V, 21, TJC 338, SNG ANS 367-372, SGIC 5622.

Added to collection: January 28, 2007
Daniel Friedman
Domitian Æ As, (81-96 CE), "Judaea Capta"44 viewsBronze As of Domitian (81-96 CE), 22.9 mm, 11.02 grams, commemorating the Flavian victory in Judaea.

Obverse: IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS around, Laureate bust Domitian left.
Reverse: Minerva stands to left, holding shield to right, erecting a field trophy of arms in front of her.

Reference: Hendin 749, Brom.-I 281, TJC-392, AJC-II-7, RPC 2305

Added to collection: May 23, 2005
Daniel Friedman
German States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B.44 viewsGerman States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B. Crowned EAR monogram, V below / 2 PFENNIGE 1855, B below, struck in a ring. Mintmaster Theodore Wilhelm Bruel.

KM # 221
Roman Empire, JOVIAN AE2/3 RIC 118b, Vota44 viewsOBV: DN IOVIA-NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right
REV: VOT V MVLT X in four lines across field within wreath; BSIRM
3.0g, 20mm

Minted at Sirmium, 363-4 AD
Kingdom of Mauretania - Juba II, AR denarius, c. 16-17 AD44 viewsJuba II
Kingdom of Mauretania
AR denarius, c. 16-17 AD
Diademed head r.
Cornucopia and scepter, crescent above
MAA 94; SNG Copenhagen 593
2 commentsArdatirion
Titus, Judea Capta44 viewsObverse- Head of Titus right.
Reverse- Nike standing right, resting foot on helmet and inscribing shield hanging from palm tree.
21mm, 7.9gr
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria44 viewsGVSTA IVLIA[pellet]AV
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing right with wreath and palm
Cohen IV 269, SNG Cop 332
Josifovski 202, same dies (V54, R58)
Kuzmanovic Collection 408
The obverse legend begins at the upper right, thus producing these odd legend breaks. Use of pellets is very unusual at Stobi.
Julian II AE1 Bull CYZ44 views24.1x24.3mm
Bust of Julian right, bearded and diademed.
Bull standing on line right, two stars above
ex: CYZgamma, Cyzicus mint, 3rd officina
Cyzicus mint.
Unusually small for a bull, very circular planchet. Nice green patina.
1 commentsgparch
Julia Soaemias denar44 viewsmother of Elagabalus
Julia Titi. AE-20. Troas, Assos. Griffin44 viewsTroas, Assos. Julia Titi, the daughter of Titus. Augusta, AD 79 - 91. Æ 20. 5.79 g. Draped bust rt. / Griffin reclining lt. RPC II 899; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. Very rare, only one specimen cited in RPC.1 commentsFausta
Marcus Junius Brutus44 viewsObv: LIBERTAS, head of Libertas with her hair in a bun, facing left.

Notice the interesting placement of the banker's mark by Libertas' eye. It almost gives the illusion that she is weeping. But for whom?

Rev: Lucius Junius Brutus (consul 509 BC) walking in procession left, between two lictors (official bodyguards) carrying axes, preceded by an accensus (public official who saw to civic functions), BRVTVS in exergue.

Footnote: A decade after he issued this denarius Marcus Junius Brutus' name would go down in infamy as the main conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar. His actions would plunge Rome into turmoil that would last for many years. Brutus' deep Republican sentiments are displayed in this issue honoring his illustrious ancestor Lucius Junius Brutus who deposed the last Etruscan King of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, in 509 BC and established the Republic.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 54 BC

4 grams, 19 mm, 270°

RSC Junia 31, S397
2 commentsSPQR Coins
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I44 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I (AD 527-565 ) AE 16 Nummi. Thessalonica mint. Obv: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG – Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: A in left field, I in center, SP to right; above: [Theta] EW . Exurge: TES = Thessalonica mint: Sear. Byzantine coins and their values., 186B, 5.44 g. dpaul7
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #0244 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #02
avers:- + CALMAN-RE (X/+), Crowned head facing; border of dots.
revers:- + LADISLAVS-RE (X/+) (or illegible legend) , cross in circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-033, CHN-1-040, Huszar-032,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #0144 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, cross between two lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX, Illegible legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0 mm, weight: 0,50 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-034-b, CHN-1-049, Huszar-041,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0144 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #01
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (X-X); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe (mint mark): X/X//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,22g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1336 A.D., ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493,
Repro Atique Knight Helmet44 viewsDate: mid/late 19th century emulating 16th century style
Weight: 4 lbs.
Material: 18 gauge steel 1 mm thick

It is believed to have originally come from Europe to the United States in the early 1900’s. It has nice intricate etchings all over it. This full-size helmet’s edges have been rolled by hand.
Syria, Seleukis and Pieria. Laodicea ad Mare. Æ1444 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing.
1st century BC. Æ14, 2.5 g.
1 commentsancientone
0621 Focas, 602-61044 viewsAV solidus, 21.1mm, 4.4g, Nice VF
Struck at Constantinople 609-610
dNN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger. CON OB in exg, N inner right field.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 621; DO 11c.3
Lawrence Woolslayer
0666 Focas 602-61044 viewsBronze three-quarter follis (30 nummi), 26.3mm, 10.1g, EF
Struck at Cyzikus, 609-610
[d N FOCAS] PERP AVG, bust facing wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet / large XXX, cross above, stigma II (year 8) right, KYZ A in exg. Very rare type, some flatness in the striking.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Harlan Berk
Sear 666v; DO 77, note (Longuet collection); MIB 77 (citing two specimens -- Birmingham and Longuet collection)
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Mylasa 300-280 BC44 viewsSilver drachm, 18.9mm, 4.13g, aVF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress / [AΛ]EΞANΔPO[Y] Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, legs crossed. Artemis Kindyas figure in left field, Σ below throne. Rare.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price 2493A
Lawrence Woolslayer
010 Laszlo-I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-017, #0144 views010 Laszlo-I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-017, #01
avers:- +LADISLAVS-RE, Crowned bust facing in circle of dots; border of crescents.
revers:- +LADISLAVS-RE +, Cross in circle; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 0,80 g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-017, CHN-1-028, Huszar-024,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas44 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
Licinius I RIC VII 1744 viewsObv:IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG
laureate head right
Jupiter standing left, chamlys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle with wreath to left. G to right
•SIS• in ex.
22mm 3.1gm
lincinius II iovi smant com.JPG
Licinius II RIC VII Antioch 29 14th officina 44 viewsAE 20 mm 2.7 g 317-320 AD
OBV :: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C . Laureate and draped bust left holding mappe in right , and scepter in left hands
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI CAESS. Jupiter standing left holding victory on globe. Captive at feet in left field, Delta I in right field
EX :: SMANT ( Antioch
RIC VII Antioch 29
RIC rated R3
from uncleaned lot 10/07

Officina 14 of 14 listed in RIC VII

The picture has been modified as far as tint and colour goes as it would not co-operate after the wax was applied. This coin is very attractive in hand.

There is also a single dot above the Delta I in the right field, possibly a new variety, but probably just a die error as discussed in the attribution help forum
Duchy of Livonia - Jan Hadkevich44 viewsDuchy of Livonia (1561 - 1621 A.D.) Governor Jan Hadkevich (1566-1578) AR Schilling, 1572. DVCATVS LIVONIE, Griffin advances left with sword / *MONE + NOVA . ARGENTE around; *I* / SCHIL / LING / .72. Reference: Fedorov 628.dpaul7
Lucilla ( 164 - 182 A.D.)44 viewsAR Denarius
O: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right.
R: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia veiled standing left.
RIC 780

Ex Tom Vossen
5 commentsMat
lverus dup-.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE dupondius - struck 166 AD44 viewsobv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX (radiate head right)
rev: TR P VI IMP IIII COS II / S.C. (Victory standing left, head right, holding palm & setting shield inscribed VIC PAR on palm tree to right)
ref: RIC III 1458 (M.Aurelius), Cohen 208, BMC 1315
13.11g, 25mm
Lydia, Akrasos, Athena / lion, AE1444 viewsAE14, 1.30g
obv: helmeted bust of Athena, wearing aegis, right
rev: AKPACIΩTΩN lion right

SNG Leypold -
1 commentsareich
Tripolis, Herakles/ Nike44 viewsLydia, Tripolis, 3rd century A.D. 3,0 g, 15 mm. Obv. Head of Herakles left, Rev. TRIPOL-EITWN; Nike right. SNG von Aulock, Lydien 3313Podiceps
(0161) LUCIUS VERUS44 views161 - 169 AD
AE 22.5 mm 3.84 g
O: IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate head right
R: PROFECTIO AVG TR P III [COS II], Lucius Verus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear in right
Rome RIC III 1356; rare
1603 Felipe III, Segovia / Felipe IV44 views1603 AD, Felipe III, Segovia Mint, 2 Maravedis.Molinari
M Marcius Mn f Denarius, 134 BC44 viewsHelmetted head of Roma right, modius behind, XVI in monogram below chin
Victory with whip in biga right
M MARC below, divided by two grain ears
ex. ROMA
The obverse symbol and reverse of this coin refers to the moneyer's father, Mn. Marcius, who as aedile, c. 154 BC, was the first to distribute wheat to the people at one As per modius.

Marcia 8, Cr 245/1, Syd 500
1 commentswhitetd49
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,44 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-III, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,89g, axes: 9h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/15, Sydneham-1217, RSC-28,
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 15.51g, 27.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
Confronted head of Caracalla, bearded, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Domna, draped, l.
Apollo (or Bonus Eventus), nude, stg. facing, head l., holding branch in l. hand and patera in r. hand over flaming altar
in upper left field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/I, 664
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1002 (citing AMNG 664)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) (plate coin)
about VF, brown patina (stripped!), light roughness
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 12.24g, 26.31mm, 195°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
Confronting heads of Macrinus, laureate, r., and Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
City-goddess (Tyche), in long garment, wearing mural crown, stg. l., head r., holding cornucopiae in r. arm and resting with l. hand on rudder stg. on globe
E in r. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 759 (1 ex., Vienna)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
very rare, VF/about VF, nice green patina

Pick writes: "This type of Tyche, with cornucopiae and sceptre, could be copied from the type of Tomi (pl. VII, 20ff.); but it is possible too that the left hand is resting on a rudder (similar to n.776, pl.XIX, 9), so that we have here a depiction of Tyche but an unusual one."
On this coin the rudder is clearly visible, so Pick is right with his second suggestion!
1 commentsJochen
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #0144 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #01
avers:- +•MONETA•MAThIE•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- REGIS•h-VnGARIAE•, Patriarchal cross in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-S, by Stephan Kowách (Pohl 202-1).
date: 1461 A.D., ref: Unger-554.b, CNH-2-218, Huszar-702,
1 commentsquadrans
Maximian Herculius coded antoninianus with unlisted bust type44 viewssilvered antoninianus from Siscia
Obverse: unlisted bust type with shield on emperor's right arm
Reverse: Conservator Avgg, coded series, officina beta (therefore KOY).
Maximianus coded - G with LI - RIC V, Siscia 580 var.44 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 3.14g, 23mm
Siscia 3. officina, 289 - 290
bare bust, head radiate r.
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, leaning on club, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
r. field: Gamma
exergue: XXI dot Lambda Iota
RIC V, Siscia 580 var., unrecorded; C.71
Scarce; VF, silvered

In RIC the Gamma is in the left field!
Lambda Iota, last group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at
1 commentsJochen
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus44 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG (radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right)
rev: PAX AVGG (Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield), star on left field, A in ex.
ref: RIC Vii 404v, Cohen 427 (3frcs)
mint: Lugdunum, struck AD 292-293
3.61 gms, 22 mm
1 commentsberserker
Maximian AE Antoninianus, Siscia Mint 291 AD44 viewsObv: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate head rt.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGG, Maximian facing left, holding sceptre receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian, facing rt, B between; XXI in exergue (Wildwinds) RIC v.2 586 Rated Rare
Added to the Wildwinds database
A pre-reform radiate.

Issued between the time that Maximian was made co-Augustus of the Western Empire (286 AD) and the time that the Tetrarchy was formally set up by Diocletian appointing Galerius and Constantius Chlorus as Caesars of East and West in 293 AD.
Menander I Soter AE Square Chalkous44 viewsAttribution: Mitchiner 134, Type 239; of Pushkalavati, chief workshop; Bactria
Date: 155-130 BC
Obverse: Elephant head with trunk raised and bell suspended from neck
Reverse: Karosthi inscription (Maharajasa Tratasara Menandrasa) around club of Herakles, monogram to l., “A” to r.
Size: 14 mm
Weight: 2.93 grams
Middlesex 842b44 viewsObv: A pig trampling on the emblems of royalty, parliament, and the church. A banner in the pigs mouth reads, “Pig’s meat Published by T • Spence London.” Cap of Liberty above.

Rev: THOS. SPENCE | Sir THOS. MORE | THOS. PAINE in three lines in the center, NOTED ADVOCATES FOR THE RIGHTS OF MAN around.

Edge: Plain

Thomas Spence, Halfpenny Conder token

Dalton & Hamer: Middlesex 842b
SPQR Coins
Nero Aureus44 viewsRIC 59, C 313 Aureus
Obv: NEROCAESARAVGVSTVS - Laureate head right.
Rev: No legend Exe: SALVS - Salus seated left, holding patera.
1 commentsanthivs
Claudius Minerva 44 viewsT CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

Rev. Minerva advancing with spear and shield SC

Rome 42 AD

Sear 1862

Ex-Arcade Coins

Titus Pullo
moneta 226 small.jpg
Constantinian Era Barbarous44 viewsJericho
moneta 295.jpg
Gordian III, Rome44 viewsAntoninianus
obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: P M TR P V COS II P P. Gordian, dressed in military dress, standing right, holding spear and globe.
Struck 242-243 A.D. at Rome
1 commentsJericho
moneta 300.jpg
Caracalla, Rome - RIC IV (Part 1) 15044 viewsCaracalla Denarius
obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate and draped bust right
rev: VOTA SVSCEPTA X. Caracalla veiled, standing left, holding patera over tripod altar sacrificing.
Struck 206 A.D. at Rome
RIC IV, Part 1, 150 (scarce)
1 commentsJericho
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica44 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
moneta 669.jpg
Maximian, Tripolis - RIC V 626 variant44 viewsobv: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Radiate and cuirassed bust right
rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG. Emperor, holding parazonium in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter holding sceptre
center field: TR
exergue: XXI
Struck 285-310 A.D. at Tripolis
RIC V 626 variant (mintmark variety not listed in RIC)
moneta 678.jpg
Galerius, Cyzicus - RIC VI 19b44 viewsGalerius Post-Reform Radiate
obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Prince standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, leaning on scepter.
center field: KA
Struck 295-299 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VI 19b
moneta 734.jpg
Constantius II, Cyzicus44 viewsAe3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back, wearing cap, unbearded.
ex: SMK gamma
Struck in Cyzicus

China - Ceramic mold for Wang Mang spades44 viewsWang Mang
Xin Dynasty
Ceramic coin mold
For "Da Bu Heng Quan", valued at 1 liang
Cf. Hartill 9.29
2 commentsArdatirion
Mysia AE15 Athena Owl smaller.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon AE1544 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Owl on palm branch, wings spread
Struck 2nd-1st Century BC
SG 3963
Nerva44 viewsAD 96-98. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.47 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 97. Laureate head right / Clasped hands. RIC II 14; RSC 20

The reverses of Roman coins often reveal the issues of the time. Nerva would not need to advertise that he had achieved concord with the army unless the relationship had been a problem. Often coins conveyed hope for progress not yet achieved and sometimes reverse types were completely fictional. In this case, Nerva's adoption of Trajan, a general on the German frontier, as Caesar and heir, successfully established harmony with the army.
3 commentsNemonater
Bithynia, Nikomedeia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 253 var.44 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 20, 3.17g, 19.94mm, 225°
Bust, draped, r.
Female ichthyokentaur, diademed, nude, with forefeet of horse and fishtail, ring l. on waves, holding auloi in l. arm and dolphin (?)
in extended r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253 var. (has only CEBA)
extremely rare, good F, nearly black patina (not green!)

For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest' (under Skylla in error)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 15, 2.66g, 15.28mm, 225°
obv. M AV KAI - ANTWNIN[..] (letters upside-down!)
bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
Basket with handle, filled with fruits, on each side hanging a grape
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1511 (1 ex., Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2947 var. (cites AMNG 1511 but has AV KM AVRHLI)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, F+/VF

The same rev. is known from a type of Septimius Severus, AMNG 1430. Interesting obv. legend!
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)44 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 11.5g, 25.68mm, 180°
struck under GOVERNOR Novius Rufus
laureate head r.
in l. and r. field TR - ON (in big letters)
Asklepios, stg. frontal, head en face, wearing himation, in l. arm holding
clothes, r. hand resting on snake entwined staff, leaning at his hip.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1939 var. (has VP)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3979 (writes VP, but looks like VPA)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, F+/about VF, beautiful portait, unusual rev. depiction

AMNG 1939 has rev. legend VP NOBIOV ROVFOV. The legend VPA.NOB.ROVFOV is known but not for this type!
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 12.61g, 27.15mm, 0°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
laureate head r.
rev. VP / NOBIOV / ROVFOV / NIKOPOLI / TWN PROC / ICTRW (legend in 6 lines)
in laurel wreath, between its upper ends a globe
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2007 (1 ex., Paris, under Caracalla!)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3940 corr. (cites AMNG 2007 but has a different legend and a different bust!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
Scarce, about EF, nice dark green patina
3 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 13.14g, 27.36mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. VP - AG - RI - PPA (PP ligate)
Emperor with raised r. hand, standing in quadriga r., led by soldier, head l.,
carrying standard with banner on l. shoulder; above tropaeum with two
captives, sitting on the ground at each side. Like #1712, but in the quadriga behind the emperor Nike is standing.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1713 (2 ex., Mandl, Philippopolis)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3407 corr. (Nike described as Diadumenian!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No.
rare, about VF, nice green patina

It seems to be the depiction of a local event. We know tat Severus after his campaign against the Parthians AD 202 or 203 visited the camps in Moesia and Pannonia. At this occasion he could have visited Nikopolis too and the coin could be struck to celebrate his advent...Under Macrinus this depiction returns; there was no celebration of an advent for him, but perhaps there was another unknown reason (Pick)
2 commentsJochen
Nummus Magno Maximo RIC IX Aquileia 55a P.jpg
A144-02 - Magno Máximo (383 - 388 D.C.)44 viewsAE4 Nummus 11 x 12 mm 1.1 gr.

Anv: "DN MAG MA - XIMVS PF AVG " - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SPES RO] - MA - NORVM " - Puerta de campamento, sin puertas ni ventanas, dos torres, " * " arriba, cuatro capas de piedras. "SMAQP" en exergo.

Acuñada 387 - 388 D.C.
Ceca: Aquileia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Aquileia) #55a Pag.105 - Cohen Vol.VIII #7 Pag.167 - DVM #16 Pag.314 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9264.d. Pag.291 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4206
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III, AMNG 233744 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 11.31g
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, l., and
the Great God of Odessos, wearing Kalathos and with Cornucopiae over l. shoulder,
draped, r.
rev. OD - HCC - EITWN
Demeter, veiled, Peplos over long Chiton, standing l., holding poppy and corn-ear in
extended r. hand and leaning with l. hand on torch (or sceptre?).
E in r. field (for Pentassarion)
AMNG I/2, 2337; Moushmov 1659
VF, olive-green patina
(thanks Steve Minnoch for attribution)
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0144 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"44 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1866) AE-Medal, Rimaszombat,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1866), Scientific Conference, Rimaszombat"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:53,95g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1866 A.D.,
Otacilia Severa 246-248 AD.44 viewsOtacilia Severa, AR Antoninianus.
Obverse- M . OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in straight lines and rows with long plait carried up the back of head.
Reverse- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopiae in left.
Rome mint, RIC IV, Part III, 125c, Ex Vel Garnett Collection.
22mm x 24mm, 4.76g

Note: The "pellet” in the obverse legend appears to be more of a spacer for the engraver versus an actual device meant to be struck up on the coins themselves as this piece seems to have been struck from very fresh dies. Most likely the “pellet” is not as evident on later strikes from this die and would instead appear more like an intentional space.
1 commentsb70
OTHO Denarius RIC 17, Victory44 viewsOBV: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right
REV: VICTORIA OTHONIS, Victory standing left on globe, wreath extended in right, palm frond in left
3.179 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180 degrees
very rare (RIC R3)
Minted at Rome, Jan-Feb 69 A.D
Ex Forum
1 commentsLegatus
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes, 170 - 163 B.C. 44 viewsBronze diobol, Svoronos 1426, SNG Cop 311 - 318, Weiser 143, VF,
Alexandria mint,
7.899g, 20.5mm, 0o,
170 - 163 B.C.;
obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right;
reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, two eagles standing left, side-by-side, on thunderbolt, single cornucopia left
ex forvm

"The two eagles may symbolize the joint rule of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII."

new pic
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Trebonianus gallus Ros-178 AE2444 viewsObv:bust r,laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev:two eagles addorsed flanking vexillum,wreaths in the eagle's beak
Panama44 viewsKm7.1 - 2.5 Centesimos - 1907
Km23.2 - 5 Centesimos - 1975
Km10a - 1/10 Balboa - 1970
Km127 - 1/10 Balboa - 1996
Daniel F
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC44 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
44 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.35 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
Macedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #244 viewsMacedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #2
Avers:- Helmeted head of Athena right,
Revers: - ΠΕΛΛ above and -ΗΣ below, bull grazing right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19 mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Pella, date: 168-158 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 266, Moushmov 6453; BMC 76.,
Peru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero - NGC MS 6744 viewsPeru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero

*note the prooflike fields.
Philadelphia AE2444 viewsPhiladelphia AE24, imperial times.
Obv: ΔHMOC, draped bust of young Demos right, hair long and bound with taenia.
Rev: ΦΛ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN NEΩKOPΩN, lion walking right.
Ø 24 mm, 7.08 g
BMC 43
3 commentsPscipio
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I44 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
44 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Phoenicia, Tyre. Caracalla. A.D. 198-217. BI tetradrachm (26 mm, 14.40 g, 6 h).44 viewsPhoenicia, Tyre. Caracalla. A.D. 198-217. BI tetradrachm (26 mm, 14.40 g, 6 h). Cos. 4 (A.D. 213-217). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / Eagle standing facing, wings displayed, head left, holding wreath in beak; between legs, murex shell. Prieur 1551. 1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Procopius REPARATIO FEL TEMP44 viewsProcopius, AE3, 365-66 A.D., Constantinople (?) mint.
OBV: DN PROCOPIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: REPARATIO FEL TEMP, Procopius standing, head right, holding labarum with cross (is it a cross?) and leaning on shield. Not sure of exergue.
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED44 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
TETRICUS II A.D. 271-274 Barbarous Radiate44 viewsReverse figure holding flower and scepter.1 commentsjessvc1
PIETAS AVGG 6 elements44 viewsobv: MANT GORDIANVS CAES draped bust of gordian right seen from behind

Rev: PIETAS AVG G 6 elements (lituus, knife, patera, pitcher, ladle, & sprinkler)

RIC 1v
C 182

R3, 7 specimens known from 3 reverse dies
3 commentsleseullunique
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0344 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
M. Plaetorius Cestianus, Crawford 409/144 viewsRoman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, gens Plaetoria
AR - denarius, 18.52mm, 3.86g
Rome, 67 BC
obv. Bust of a winged goddess, r., wearing crested helmet, lotus-blossom and grain-ears on forehead, bow and quiver over r. shoulder, cornucopiae under chin
behind CESTIANVS, before S.C
rev. in ex. M PLAE, then TORIVS F AED CVR
Eagle with spread wings stg. r. on thunderbolt, head turned l.
Crawford 409/1, Sydenham 809; BMCRR 3596; Plaetoria 4
VF, toned
ex. M&M AG Auktion 38, Basel 6./7.12.1968, coll. August Voirol, Lot 181
Plaetorius Cestianus was a friend of Cicero.

The goddess on the obv. often is called Vacuna in error. But actually she is an unknown goddess with the attributes of Isis, Ceres, Minerva, Diana and Victoria.
For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
Sabina, AE 2244 viewsCABEINA CEBACTH
Bust draped, right.
Demeter standing left, holding corn stalks and torch.
Varbanov (Eng.) III, 94
Schonert 381
Pompeii Wall painting 44 viewsAnother wall painting in PompeiiTitus Pullo
Postumus antoninianus44 viewsMONETA AVGTibsi
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !44 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !
avers:- PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- AETERN-ITAS-AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: -/-//RIZ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 7th emission of Rome, 282, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-168, p-36, C-, Scarce !
276-282 AD - Probus - RIC V 430 - Mars Reverse44 viewsEmperor: Probus (r. 276-282 AD)
Date: 276-282 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Denomination: Antoninianus

Virtuous Emperor Probus
Bust left; radiate, helmeted and cuirassed, holding spear and shield

Reverse: VIRT-V-S AVG
The Emperor is militarily virtuous.
Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
Exergue: PXXT (Ticinum mint, first officina)

RIC V Probus 430
3.71g; 24.1mm; 30°
1 commentsPep
44 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage; Silver drachm, Ashton Pseudo-Rhodian Mainland pp. 29 - 30, Larissa Hoard p. 241 (N. Greece), SNG Keckman 793 - 795 (Thessaly), SNG Cop suppl. 358 (Peraea Rodia), EF, rose toning on luster, uncertain Thessaly mint, weight 2.675g, maximum diameter 16.8mm, die axis 180o, magistrate Hermias, c. 171 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ERMIAS (magistrate), rose, with bud right, I - W flanking stem

Ex: Forum (coin and picture)
6 commentspaul1888
Punic44 viewsTanit
Barbarous, Constantine 44 viewsrev. Two helmeted soldiers standing facing one another, with spears and shields & standard between1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Schjöth 1466 var., Hartill 6.76 Type H1, KM 39144 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1799 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), old branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a six stroke, open bei.

Type H1 coins are of a good size and workmanship. The Z yi is written with straight lines, the dots of tong are vertical, and the Y- of yuwan is long and curved. The coins cast by the old branch have a square head two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 9
Q. Titius – Titia-144 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC. Q. Titius AR denarius (17mm, 3.72g). Rome mint. Head of Mutinus Titinus (or Priapus) right, bound with winged diadem / Q TITI. Pegasus rearing right on inscribed tablet. Crawford 341/1; Syd 691; Titia 1; RCV 238. Ex Baumheckel.2 commentsBud Stewart
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan / Felicitas AR Denarius44 viewsObv:
Laureate bust r., slight drapery on l. shoulder
Felicitas stg. l., altar at feet, holding cauduceus and cornucopiae

Rome mint 103-111 A.D.
20mm 3.3g 180deg
RIC II 172

My first online coin purchase, 2001-ish
2 commentsTRPOT
Roman Republic, L. Procilius, L.f., 80 B.C.44 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 306, Sydenham 771, Crawford 379/1, RSC I Procilia 1, VF, Italian mint, weight 3.781g, maximum diameter 17.6mm, die axis 90o, 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake before her, L.PROCILI.F behind

This coin has been stolen en route from Forum to me in the UK if canyone sees it could they let Joe know. Thanks

Ex Forum

Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium. Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed
3 commentsPhiloromaos
Chihli44 viewsBoo-Ji
Chihli Mint
Daniel F
RI 028a img.jpg
028 - Vitellius Denarius - RIC 6244 viewsObv:– A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory with shield advancing left, S P Q R on shield
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 69
References:– RIC I 62 (Scarce)

1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 055a img.jpg
055 - Commodus denarius - RIC 01744 viewsObv:– M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P, Pax standing left, holding branch & cornucopia
Reference RIC 17
RI 068o img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 103 44 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMVS GETA CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right holding spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, 203 A.D.
References:– RIC 103 (Scarce), RSC 76
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13344 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
RI 077x img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 03244 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS P P, Salus seated left feeding snake arising from altar.
References:– RIC 32, RSC 239
RI 105a img.jpg
105 - Valerian I Antoninianus - RIC 287c44 viewsObv:– IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORIENTIS, Female figure of the Orient presenting a wreath to Valerian
Minted in Antioch.
Reference:– RIC 287c, RSC 189
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132by img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 401 var - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (VIXXT)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from the back
Rev:– RESTITVTOR SAEC, Emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre, crowned by Victory holding palm.
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXT in exe) Early Emission 2, Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 401 var Bust type C (Unlisted obverse legend with this type)
It is a variant of RIC 401, with unlisted full spelling of RESTITVTOR.
This is a coin from the very beginning of the second emission of Ticinum (276 CE), before the portrait transitions to Probus proper. Coins from the later part of the emission and already much less Tacitus/Florian in likeness, while not quite 100% Probus himself.
The style is typical for that period, but these coins are scarce, so you do not see them often.
RI 132dw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 388 - Bust Type G (rear) (Ticinum) (VXXT)44 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Ticinum (VXXT) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 388 Bust type G (seen from rear)
RI 132eb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIS)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIS in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132eu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 376 var - Heroic Bust type (Ticinum) (SXXT)44 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from back. ("Square shield" in RIC)
Rev:– HERCVLI PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding branch and club; lion's skin over arm
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 376 var. Heroic Bust type (unlisted with this bust type)
RI 132ho img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 526 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (_ | I / VIXXI)44 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev:– SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left, leaning on column, legs crossed, hand raised to head.
Minted in Ticinum (I in right field, VIXXI in exe) Emission 9. Officina 6. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 526 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series (second I)
RI 132jn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (None)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (None) Emission 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132jw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 332 var. Bust type G (Ticinum) (PXXT)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Emperor and Concordia clasping hands
Minted in Ticinum (PXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 1. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 332 var. Bust type G (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)
Shield is desorated with a row a soldiers holding shields.
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right44 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
025. Julia Paula AR Denarius. Concordia.44 viewsObv. Draped bust right IVLIA PAVLA AVG
Rev. Concordia seated left, holding patera; star to left CONCORDIA

19mm, 3.28g, 6h. Rome mint. Struck AD 220. RIC 211 (Elagabalus); Thirion 455; RSC 6a

Extremely Fine.
1 commentsLordBest
RIC 0155 Titus44 viewsObv : IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, Laureate head left
Rev : PAX AVGVST / S - C in field; Pax standing left, holding cornucopia and olive branch
AE/Sestertius (34.21 mm 26.56 G 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 155 (C), BMCRE 171-173
Ex Artemide Aste Auction XXXV Lot 136
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Domitian laureate right.

Rev: TR P COS VIII DES VIIII SC in field. Miverva with javelin and shield advancing right.

Minted 82 AD

An early As with a Minerva reverse. The portrait has not yet attained the idealized form seen on later Domitian coins.
C. Caesar Germ.
Roman Bronze Ring 2nd - 4th Century44 viewsRoman Bronze Ring 2nd - 4th Century

Stylised bird design, Nice intact patina
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 096a 44 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– VOTA PVBLICA, Severus standing left, holding patera over altar sacrificing
Minted in Rome. A.D. ???
Ref:– RIC 96a. RSC 777. BMCRE W178
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 28744 viewsObv:– IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped bust right (seen from the rear)
Rev:– GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, wearing modius and chlamys, sacrificing from patera on flaming altar and holding cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (CI | H/S / PLC) A.D. Autumn A.D. 308 to start A.D. 309 (Bastien)
Reference:– Bastien 509 (75 examples cited). RIC VI 287 (though Bastien groups both Modius and Towered versions into one group)
6.35 gms. 25.67 mm.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
5544 viewsAllectus 293-6
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
Galley left
London mint
RIC 55
1544 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory standing left with wreath and palm
London mint
RIC 15
1044 viewsCarausius
AE 34 mm
London Mint (?)
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Aesculapius standing left holding staff with snake entwined
Milan Mint, Issue 5
Cunetio 2496
Serdica 851-5cf?44 viewsAntoninianus
Radiate, draped bust right
Emperor standing left receiving wreath from female
Serdica, star//KA pellet gamma
RIC - (cf 851-5?)
1 commentsmauseus
117a44 viewsSabina
AE 20mm
Perinthus in Thrace
Demeter standing left
BMC -; Moushmov 4453; Varbanov 3764
844 viewsObverse
VI over G
Cartouche 1654
IIII over ?
IIII over ?
Crowned 1636
ROMAE AETERNAE44 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 320
20x19mm 3.0gm
Obv. CONSTA-NTINVS AVG laur. helmet, cuir.
Rev. ROMAE AETERNAE [To everlasting Rome, fifteen yearly vows (quindecennalia)] Roma std. r., shield in lap inscribed X/V
in ex. R eros (in Greek) Q
RIC VII Rome 194 r3

This mint mark is a cryptogram, and is Greek for "eros", which in Latin is "amor". Amor spelled backwards is Roma. This may have been an attempt by the old aristocracy of Rome to use the old religion of mystery and romance to confront the pro-Christian policies of Constantine.

Page about this coin
2 commentsVictor
Roman Republic denarius - 82 BC C Mamilius Limetanus.jpg
Roman Republic denarius - 82 BC C Mamilius Limetanus44 viewsRoman Republic
C Mamilius Limetanus, 82 BC
AR denarius
draped bust of Mercury r. with caduceus over shoulder
Ulysses standing r., holding staff in l. hand and extending his r. hand to his dog Argus
C MAMIL to l., LIMETAN to r.
Sydenham 741, Crawford 362/1
1 commentsArdatirion
5.1 Antoninus Pius Denarius,44 viewsreverse: ROMA COS IIII

Roma seated left
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous AE Semuncia, Rome, 217-215 BC, 44 viewsHead of Mercury right, wearing winged Petasus. / Prow of galley right, ROMA above.
Crawford 38/7; Sydenham 87; Sear (Millennium) 620.
(20 mm, 12h)
Lloyd T
RPC II 1801Vespasianus44 viewsObv: AYTOKPATΩP OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, Laureate head left
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY H, Zeus Salaminios standing facing, holding patera in right hand, left hand resting on a short sceptre; eagle on left arm
AR/Tetradrachm (24.84 mm 12.88 g 12h) Struck in Uncertain Cypriot mint 75-76 A.D.
RPC 1801, Prieur 1561, BMC 21
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Turkey, Istanbul, Rumeli Hisari44 viewsRumeli Hisari means ‘Rumelian Castle’: Rumelia (derived from ‘Rome’) being the Turkish word for the Balkan lands which once belonged to the Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Rumeli Hisari was constructed in 1452 a few miles north of Constantinople on the European side of the Bosphorus by order of Sultan Mehmet II. Impressively, the whole fortress was built in less than four months. The Rumeli Hisari sits opposite an older, smaller Ottoman fort on the Asian side, the Anadolu Hisari (Anatolian Castle). Together the two forts effectively controlled traffic through the Bosphorus, cutting Constantinople off from the Black Sea and ensuring that an Ottoman army operating on the European side could be supplied from the granaries of central Anatolia. The building of Rumeli Hisari was preparation for the investment and conquest of Constantinople, which took place the following year.

The Rumeli Hisari/Anadolu Hisari forts are built at the point where the Bosphorus is most constricted (about 700m across). This is the same narrows where the Persian King Darius I over 2500 years ago built a ‘bridge of boats’ to transport his army across to attack Thrace (see Herodotus, Histories 4.87f). And these days a modern suspension bridge links Asia to Europe at the same spot, but sadly it rather spoils the view.
Abu Galyon
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,44 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers:- Crowned bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right.
revers:- Fire altar flanked by attendants.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
531-579 Khosrow I - dirham from Eran-asan-kar-Kavad (Hulwan, Iran)44 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants, wearing turbans.
3 commentsGinolerhino
C. Scribonius - denarius Cr. 201/144 viewsC. Scribonius. Ca. 154 BC. Denarius subaeratus, 3.71 g; obv. helmeted head of Roma right, 'X' behind; rev. the Dioscuri galloping right, C. SCR. below, ROMA in ex. Crawford 201/1; Syd. 380.Bartosz A
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196644 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.

During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53444 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
Seleukos IV Philopator44 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator
Date: 187-175 BC
Size: Serrate AE 22 9.29g
Mint: Antioch
Obverse: Apollo r.
Reverse: Apollo tripod
Reference: SNG Spaer 848
3 commentsJohn K
Orodes I (Sellwood's Unknown King)44 viewstetradrachm, 90 - 77 BC
Sellwood 30.2
3 commentsRobert L3
Septimus Servus 193-211 denarius44 viewsOb. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG III Laureate head right
Rev. LIBERO PATRI Bacchus standing left holding oenochoe over panther and thyrsus:

Ref. RSC 301, BMC 64, RIC 32
Minted in AD194
Weight 3.5g

3 commentsBacchus
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 120c, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICT AVG G COS II P P, Victory advancing left, #244 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 120c, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICT AVG G COS II P P, Victory advancing left, #2
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-X, Laurate bust right.
revers:- VICT-AVG-G-C-OS-II-P-P, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 15,4mm, weight: 2,44g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date:197-198A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-120c, p-, RSC-694,
Septimius Sever, AR Denarius44 viewsOptimus
Septimius Severus, AE 2844 viewsAV K L SEP SEVHROS
Bust laureate, draped, seen from behind
Dionysos (Sabazios?) standing facing, head left, holding thrysos and kantharos, panther at his feet
cf. AMNG Pick 557 but Dionysos is clothed, not nude. Possibly a depiction of a Thracian cult of Dionysos.
cf. Varbanov (Eng.) I, 746 but with legend variations - same obverse die as Varb. 750 with Dionysis reverse
1 commentswhitetd49
Septimius Severus - denarius - not in RIC 44 viewsSeptimius Severus. Silver denarius, Mint of Emesa (according to RIC) or Antiochia, 194-95 AD; 3.05g; obv. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; rev. BONA SPES, Fides (?) standing left, holding basket of fruit and corn ears. Not in RIC; RSC III 59a.
5 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Sestercio ANTONINO PIO RIC 904.jpg
31-32 - ANTONINO PIO (138 - 161 D.C.)44 viewsAE Sestercio 33 x 31 mm 23.0 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG [PIVS P P TR P XVI]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA [AVG COS IIII]" - Indulgencia sentada a izquierda levantando su brazo derecho y portando cetro en izquierdo.

Acuñada 152 - 153 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #904 Pag.139 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4183 Pag.221 - BMCRE #1920 - Cohen Vol.II #452 Pag.314 - DVM #75 Pag.138
Sestercio Severo Alejandro RIC 465.jpg
59-30 - SEVERO ALEJANDRO (222 - 235 D.C.)44 viewsAE Sestercio 27 x 26 mm 17.8 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CA]ES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "P M TR P VI COS II P P - S C" - Pax (La Paz) avanzando a izquierda, portando rama de olivo en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cetro largo vertical en la izquierda.

Acuñada 227 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #465 Pag.108 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7993 Pag.655 - BMCRE #425 - Cohen Vol.IV #320 Pag.433 - DVM #98 Pag.225 - Loret #10960
2 commentsmdelvalle
62 - 10 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)44 viewsÆ Sestercio (27mm - 17.39 g)

Anv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG - Busto laureado con coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) a derecha, visto por detrás
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P, S-C - Emperador estante a izq. levantando su mano der., portando cetro en izquierda. Dos estandartes militares delante y uno detrás.

Acuñada: 236 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC IVb #33 Pag.143 - BMCRE #80 - Cohen IV #58 Pag.511 - SRCV III #8336 var. Pag.82 -

Severus Alexander Iovi44 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 200, sharp EF, 3.056g, 20.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, cloak hanging over arm, thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of emperor at feet left. Ex. Forvmfordicus
Severina, AE denarius, Venus Felix44 viewsSEVERINA AVG
Venus holding Cupid and scepter
Ex. Gamma, Rome, 274 AD
RIC V 6, C14, SR 3287

Rome, 274 AD
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,44 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. ϛ in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #144 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAESAR, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-L-I-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: -/A//•SM•SD•, diameter:26-27,5mm, weight: 9,68g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 305-306A.D., ref: RIC VI-13aA, p-495, Sear 14633,
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 184(c)44 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.22g, 19.6mm
Rome AD 228-231
bust draped, head laureate r.
Abundantia standing r., emptying cornucopiae with both hands
RIC IV/2, 184(c)
nice EF, superb details on rev.!
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 25444 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222 - 235
AR - Denar, 3.35g, 18mm
Rome AD 232
draped and cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
Spes draped advancing l., holding flower r.,raising robe with l.
RIC IV/2, 254; C.546; BMCR.897

Spes is pictured as a standard archaic maiden-figure or Kore (with the flower perhaps referencing Persephone not Aphrodite); Rome's first temple of Spes was archaic-era (477 BC according to Tameanko), so the figure of Spes on Imperial coins may be keyed to much earlier artistic and cultic tradition (Archivum)
Septimius Severus, 193–211 CE44 viewsAR denarius, Rome mint, 210–1 CE; 19mm, 3.18g. BM 59, CRB 41, RIC 333, RSC 728. Obv: SEVERVS PIVS – AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: VICTORIAE BRIT; Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm. Commemorates victories declared in Britain. Rare; only two specimens in the Reka Devnia hoard. EF, with light cleaning marks in the obverse field before the nose.

ex Davissons 31, 30 November 2012, lot 122
1 commentsMichael K5
Poland/Lithuania. John II Casimir Vasa 1660 AE solidus44 viewsPoland/Lithuania. John II Casimir Vasa 1660 AE solidus. IOAN CAS REX, king's bust right / SOLIMAG.DVCLIT1660, Mounted Polish knightoneill6217
Sicily, Panormos as "Ziz", Jenkins, "Coins of Punic Sicily," in SNR 50 (1971), pl. 24, 2144 viewsSICILY, Panormos as "Ziz" . Circa 380-340 BC. Æ Litra 11.66g 28mm, Jenkins, "Coins of Punic Sicily," in SNR 50 (1971), pl. 24, 21; SNG ANS 554; Calciati I pg. 270, 5; BMC Sicily pg. 250, 38; SNG Copenhagen 518; SNG Morcom -; Laffaille 192; Virzi 1302-306.
O: Head of Hera left wearing single-pendant earring and stephane decorated with three fleur-de-lis
R: Punic 'sys' in exergue, man-headed bull standing left; radiate head of Helios above
5 commentscasata137ec
Greek, Sicily, Syracuse AE16 (Before 357 BC)44 viewso/ Head of Arethusa left, wearing earrings, hair bound in ampyx and sphendone.
r/ epsilon?-??, four-spoked wheel; two dolphins in lower quarters
3,75g. 16,2mm.7h
BMC Sicily 248; Sear 1186
3 commentsAugustin Caron
POLAND - Sigismund III44 viewsPOLAND - Sigismund III (1587-1632) AR 3 Polker, 1623. KM #15.dpaul7
Silver damma, Amirs of Sind, Ahmad, early 11th c AD, 0.25" - 7mm, 0.4 gm., Multan mint.44 viewsA 1000 years old rare little silver coin, showing partial islamic inscriptions and uncertain symbols. [la] ilaha illallah [abd allah] (?) / [Muhammad] Rasul [allah] abd allah (?). EF.
The rulers of Multan are usually known as Amirs of Sind or Habbarids. Very little is known about them apart from there coin which are given below. In AD 1030 Sind was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni.

Rare, especially in this condition, and not often seen in the West.
Antonio Protti
S-022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, Slavonia, U-Sz-04, #0144 viewsS-022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Denarius, Slavonia, U-Sz-04, #01
avers:- +MONETA-REGIS-P-SCLAVON(IA), Marten running left, star above and below.
revers:- Patriarchal cross, facing crowned heads below, star and crescent above, lily at the foot of the 2nd cross both side, bird-bird face to face (privy mark) to sides.
diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,87g, axis: 10h,
mint: Slavonia, mint mark: bird-bird,
date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger- Sz-4, Rj-108-117, CNH-, Huszar-,
SMHGamma copy.jpg
Licinius II, AE 344 viewsLicinius II, AE 3 Struck 321-324 AD
3gm, 17mm

OBV/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; helmeted and cuir bust l., holding shield and spear across shoulder.
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe in r. hand and eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand; eagle with wreath in beak before, bound captive behind. XIIr in r. field. SMH Gamma in exergue.
RIC VII, 54 Rare: Scarce

A beautiful coin with lovely "desert" patina.
Ionia, Smyrna, von Aulock 795144 viewsSmyrna, Ionia, early 3rd century
AE - AE 27, 6.68g
struck under the Eparchos Pollianus
bust of Senate, draped, turreted(?), r.
Two draped Nemeseis standing facing each another, the r. holding measuring
stick, the l. reins, wheel at feet of the r.; both twitching at cloth below their
SNG von Aulock 7951; BMC cf. 227 ff.
good F
added to

These are the well-known TWO NEMESEIS OF SMYRNA. The reason for two of these deities is unknown. It could be
a) the two aspects of only one deity, one kind, the other implacable, or
b) due to the story of Pausanias 7.5.3, where Alexander the Great has founded the
new Smyrna, one Nemesis from the old city and the other from the new city.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Croatia, Ruins of the amphitheater of Solin44 viewsRuins of the amphitheater of Salona, Dalmatia (Solin, Croatia).,_CroatiaJoe Sermarini
1877 Spain Cinco Centimos44 viewsSpain 1877 Cinco Centimos, Bronze.
* 1877 *
Geta, Stobi44 views_____TGETAS
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Victory standing left with wreath and palm

Ae 26mm; 9.41g
1 commentsarizonarobin
Celtic imitation - AE 2244 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right ;
wide trident
H countermark
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin could be:

Thessalonica - AE 17
187-31 BC
diademed head of Artemis right (wave on Strymon's face is Artemis's curl)
bow and quiver
monograms left
SNGCop 358. Moushmov 6600

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

Maybe H countermark allowed this coin to return into Macedonian circulation? Who knows what this coin has experienced.
SWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-181844 viewsSWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-1818 Copper 1 Skilling, 1812. KM #585.dpaul7
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. 44 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI tetradrachm (25 mm, 11.65 g, 7 h). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Trajan Decius right; beneath, Z / Eagle standing left on palm branch, wreath in beak; S C. McAlee 1120g; Prieur 548. Sold2 commentsAntonivs Protti
[1117] Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.44 viewsSilvered Antoninianus. RIC 210. Weight, Size. aVF. Minted in Antioch. Obverse:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter, both holding scepters, Z below figures; XXI in exegrue. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tacitus (275-276 A.D.)

Robin Mc Mahon
New York University

Full name, Marcus Claudius Tacitus; name as Emperor, Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus. We have no reliable information on the earlier career of the Emperor Tacitus. All that is known with any degree of certainty is that in 273 he was consul along with Julius Placidianus. All the statements in the Historia Augusta regarding Tacitus' earlier career, including the claim he was related to the historian Tacitus, have been rejected by historians as fictitious. The most reliable sources for Tacitus' reign, Zosimus and Zonaras, state that he was chosen Emperor by the army following the assassination of Aurelian in the fall of 275, most likely in November. At the time of his elevation he was in Interamna (modern Terni, about 60 miles north of Rome). From there he made his way to Rome where he was confirmed as Emperor by the Senate. Tradition has it that he was 75 years old at the time, but there is no way to confirm this.

As Emperor, Tacitus first had Aurelian deified, then seized and executed many individuals involved in plotting Aurelian's murder. Tacitus then turned his attention to the defense of the Empire. Although the Franks, Alamanni, and Longiones posed threats in the north, Tacitus determined that the greater danger lay in the East. Aurelian had enlisted the aid of several barbarian tribes, including the Heruli and Maeotidae (referred to as Scythians in the sources), for a projected invasion of Parthia. Aurelian's murder cancelled these plans. Feeling cheated of their opportunity for plunder, the tribes attacked the Roman provinces in Asia Minor, overrunning Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia and Cilicia, and caused terrible destruction. Tacitus appointed his half-brother Florian Praetorian Prefect. They campaigned in the East against the invaders, winning Tacitus the title Gothicus Maximus.

Tacitus, however, did not long enjoy his victory: on his way back to Europe, he died. Zosimus and Zonaras preserve the report that Tacitus had appointed a relative of his, Maximinus, as governor of Syria. Maximinus was murdered; then the assassins, fearing Tacitus's reaction, murdered him. It was alleged that some of them had also had a hand in murdering Aurelian. The Historia Augusta more eccentrically reports that Tacitus became ill with a fever and started showing signs of megalomania: but as the month September Tacitus allegedly wanted named after himself dates his accession incorrectly, the story appears to be a fabrication. Tacitus died some time in June of 276. His memory was neither condemned nor deified.

Tacitus held the consulship at least twice, first in 273 and again in 276. There is numismatic evidence of a third consulship but there is no record of a third in any of the fasti, that is, the lists of consuls. Because of the paucity of the sources and the brevity of his reign, little can be said of his policies. It is unlikely that the military would choose as Emperor anyone like the contemplative, abstemious civilian the Historia Augusta portrays. A hint may be given by the fact that Tacitus's colleague in the consulship of 273, Julius Placidianus, commanded an army corps in Narbonensis and later went on to be a Praetorian Perfect. Nevertheless, some numismatic and epigraphic evidence suggests that Tacitus sought to strike a milder tone than his predecessor. Prominent among his coin legends is Clementia Temporum [the reverse type in my collection]. Unlike both Aurelian and Tacitus' successor, Probus, Tacitus did not take the title, deus et dominus natus ["born god and master"]. He also issued no Sol Invictus coins honoring Aurelian's favorite deity. Some of his coins revive the SC (senatus consulto) marking senatorial authority for the issue, which had been missing in previous reigns. Tacitus also used the Genius Senatus, inscriptions which had disappeared under Valerian. Further, in some inscriptions he is styled auctor verae libertatis ["originator of true liberty"], and on coins restitutor rei publicae ["restorer of the state"].


Tacitus largely fell out of the ancient historiographical record. The best sources are Zosimus and Zonaras. The Historia Augusta creates its own fiction of Tacitus out of forged documents, bogus names and faulty chronology. Tacitus deserved better than oblivion or fabrication, having halted potentially serious raiding in the East.

Two problems emerge from the evidence for Tacitus's short reign. The first is the six-month interregnum said to have intervened between the death of Aurelian and Tacitus' accession. The years 260-285 have been the subject of close chronological scrutiny, and it has been shown that, although there might have been a brief interval between emperors (something not uncommon), amounting to a few weeks, anything longer is not possible. The error appears to have originated in the Latin historians, who confused the duration of Tacitus' and Florian's reign with the brief period between the reigns of Aurelian and Tacitus.

The second question is whether or not the edict of the Emperor Gallienus, which had excluded senators from military commands and any other dealings with the military, was set aside during the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. Aurelius Victor reports that Gallienus, acting largely through fear of revolts and usurpation, replaced the senators in military offices with Equites. Several passages in the Historia Augusta claim that these edicts were suspended for the duration of the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. The overwhelming consensus among historians, however, is that the passages in the Historia Augusta are unhistorical: no credible evidence suggests that Gallienus' edicts were even temporarily set aside.

Copyright (C) 2000, Robin Mc Mahon. Used by permission.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Antoninus Pius. Zeugma, commagene44 viewsAE 22 mm 10.3 grams 138-161 AD
REV :: ZEU-GMA-TEWN. Tetrastyle temple with peribolos , 2 rows of blocks supporting . groove descending stairwell
EX :: none
Minted in Zeugma , Commagene
SNG COP 28, BMC p. 124, 1 ff.; SGICV 1492 (AE 25); SNG Righetti 1847
Purchases 12/2008
Theodosius Half Siliqua44 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC 57.jpg
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC V/2 5744 viewsAnt, 17x19mm, 2.29g.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R; I think it was probably intended as draped and cuirassed, but there's no evidence of a cuirass.

Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 57, Common.
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC 148.jpg
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC V/2 14844 viewsAnt, 2.51g, 21mm.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, VIRTVS standing L in helmet and military dress, holding spear and leaning on shield.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 148, Scarce.

Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. Two dolphins44 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. AR. Obs: Head of Satyr right. Rev: ΘΑΣ. Two dolphins. SNG. Cop. 1033.Podiceps
44 viewsTHESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Drachm (6.01 gm; 20 mm). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left / Horse standing right, about to roll; plant below. L-S Group 3; Lorber, Hoard, phase L-III; Herrmann Group VII A; SNG Copenhagen 123 var. (horse left). 3 commentspaul1888
Thasos. Circa 435-411 B.C. AR 8, Obol44 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Ca. 435-411 B.C. AR obol.
8mm, 0.5g. Two leaping dolphins / Quadripartite incuse square
SNG Copenhagen 1020. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Tic 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 319-320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm44 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; Laur., dr. & cuir bust l., holding Victory on globus.
REV/ VIRTVS EXERCIT; Standard inscribed VOT XX flanked by two captives; Chi/Rho monogram in l. field.
P*T in exergue.
RIC VII, 125 (Rare 4)
A gorgeous excellent example of this rare issue from Ticimum.
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius44 viewsL Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.55g; obv. Head of Tatius right, palm below chin, SABIN behind; rev. L TITVRI in exergue, Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw their shields on her. Crawford 344/2b, Syd. 699a.

Notes: ex H. D. Rauch Auction.
2 commentsBartosz A
titus as caesar cadeceus.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC V69444 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC V694 (R2), BMC p 29 *, RSC 167
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR POT; Winged caduceus, upright.

A reverse that copies one of Vespasian. The caduceus symbolizes commercial prosperity and may be associated with the censorship. (BMCRE p xxxvii)

Not in the BM's collection, but noted in the catalog. Both the RIC and RSC list it however. Not a common coin, not a very rare one either. Good metal, wonderful early portrait, and in good condition (Titus' beard is visible).
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus RIC 3844 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus RIC 3044 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 30 (C), BMC 15, RSC 274
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Trophy, below captive kneeling r.

A 'Capta' type that may alternately be a Judaea or Britannia type. Mattingly in the BMCRE (BMC 2.xli) interprets these types of Titus as Augustus as referring to Britannia and Agricola's campaigns in Northern England and Scotland. Jane M. Cody in the book 'Flavian Rome' (pg. 111) agrees with Mattingly, citing the differences in shield and trophy designs with the standard Judaea Capta types. Confusingly, Mattingly states that this type issued for Titus as Caesar under Vespasian refers to Judaea while Cody believes both issues were minted for victories in Britain because of identical composition and detail.

Personally I think it commemorates the victories in Britain. It would be odd if the Flavian expansion going on in that province was not celebrated on the coinage.

A nice example with a slightly off-center obverse, but featuring a very pleasing portrait.
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0128, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left, 44 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0128, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- COS-V-PP-SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINC, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight:3,06g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-112 A.D., ref: RIC-II-128-p-, BMCRE-328, RSC-74,
1 commentsquadrans
Antioch AR4Drachm Prieur 578 Trajan Decius AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria. 250/1 AD. 44 viewsAntioch AR4Drachm
Prieur 578 Trajan Decius AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria. 250/1 AD. AYT K G ME KY TPAIANOC DEKIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; two pellets below / DHMAPX EXOYCIAC, eagle standing right on palm, holding wreath in beak, SC in ex.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Trajan, RIC 642, Sestertius of AD 116-117 (Conquest of Mesopotamia)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.2g, Ø33mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117.
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TRP COS VI PP laureate and draped bust of Trajan facing right
ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA POTESTATEM PR REDACTAE [around] S C [in field] Trajan standing right, holding spear and parazonium; on the ground, the reclining figures of Armenia, the Euphrates and the Tigris
RIC 642 [R]; Cohen 39; Foss (Roman Historical Coins): 105/71

Coin minted between 116 spring and 117 aug (PARTHICO in legend) on the occasion of the conquest of Mesopotamia in 115. Beginning in 114 AD, Trajan began his campaign against Parthia which had deposed the pro-Roman king of Armenia. By 115 AD Trajan had turned Armenia into a Roman province. He then moved southward through Mesopotamia, capturing the Parthian capital, Ctesiphon, in 116 AD.
1 commentsCharles S
44 viewsTrebonianus Gallus - Sestertius - Mint of Rome - 251/253
Ob.: IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: PAX AVGG S C; Pax standing left, holding olive branch and scepter
gs. 17,9 mm 29,2
Cohen 78
1 commentsMaxentius
AE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #0144 viewsAE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #01
distribution: ???
date: ???
ref: ???
??? Alexander III?44 views18mm almost looks incuse on rev.2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Victoriatus, RRC 124/144 viewsUncertain mint, Victoriatus, 206-195 B.C. AR, 16mm 1.91g, RRC 124/1
O: Jupiter, laureate bust, r.
R: Victory crowning trophy, meta in between Victory and trophy
2 commentscasata137ec
Vespasian-RIC-1543A44 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1543A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1543A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Columbian Exposition Half Dollar44 viewsColumbian Exposition Half Dollar, 1893

The first US commerative coin was the Columbian half dollar. C.E. Barber designed the obverse showing the bust of Columbus and G.T. Morgan the reverse with Columbus' flagship, the Santa Maria above two hemispheres.

1983, 1,550,405 minted.

Reference: KM 117
Daniel Friedman
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A44 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
(0270) VABALATHUS (AURELIAN)44 views270 - 275 AD
struck 271-272 AD
AE 21 mm 3.63 g
RIC 381
1 commentslaney
Valens-744 viewsAE3, 364-378 AD, Constantinople mint
Obverse: DN VALENS PF AVG, Diademmed , draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
CONSP(Gamma) exergue, RIC 21c
2.0gm , 17mm
Jerome Holderman
44 viewsantvwala
Valerianus II, Antoninianus44 viewsRome Mint,
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter, as a child, riding goat.
Ref: RIC 3
4 commentsbyzancia
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0344 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #03
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,30g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
Lucius Verus AE Sestertius44 viewsOBV: DIVVS VERVS
bare head right
REV: CONSECRATIO, S C across field
eagle standing right on globe, head left
Date: 169~170 A.D. Rome Mint
RCV 5207, RIC 1509
6 commentsmiffy
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2544 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
VESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD44 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / Palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right foot on helmet (or globe?), holding spear and parazonium; to right, Jewess seated right beneath palm-tree in attitude of mourning. RIC II 363; Hendin 763; RPC II 1930; BMCRE 511; RSC 6452 commentsAdrian W
Alexandria. Vespasian AE35 Drachm. Winged bust of Nike44 viewsWinged bust of Nike. L IB. Emmett 208ancientone
Vespasian (Facing Left) Jupiter44 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. 21mm, 3.3 g. Rome mint. Struck AD 76.
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, left
R: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC II 850; RSC 554.

A rather scarce coin. 6 left facing vs 67 right facing in the Reka-Devnia hoard; 2 left vs 10 right in the hoard of Francesti.

5 commentsNemonater
Vespasianus Dupondius44 viewsObv. IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev. PON MAX TR POT PP COS V CENS, Winged caduceus flanked by crossed cornucopias.
Mint: Commagene, 69-70 A.D.

28mm 14.2g

RIC 798a
5 commentskc
Vespasian - [RIC 520, BMCRE 86, RSC 164]44 viewsSilver denarius, 3.08g, 18.63mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, 73 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN, laureate head right

Rev. - FIDES PVBL, clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side

Although considered "common" this reverse type is hard to find in trade.

Purchased from Lucernae on
3 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian RIC II 070344 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.23g. 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, Caduceus, winged. RIC II 703.

The caduceus is a characteristic of Mercury and associated with heralds and commerce. This coin is much nicer than my photograph show with nice dark toning.
3 commentsLucas H
Victorinus obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus, RIC 11644 viewsVictorinus
AE Antoninianus
Treveri Mint. 269-270 A.D.
Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAX AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. "V" in left field. * in right.
Ref: RIC 116.
1 commentsseraphic
095/1a Victoriatus44 viewsAnonymous. 211-208B.C. AR Victoriatus. Uncertain Mint. (2.74g, 16mm, 12h). Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory standing right, crowing trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113, RSC 36m.

An interesting denomination, he Victoriatus circulated at the same time as the denarius but was made of debased silver and could have been valued at ¾ a denarius. It was hoarded separately from denarii, and could have been used for trade in southern Italy among the Greek colonies. It was later remade into the Quninarri keeping the victory motif from the old Victoriatus.
1 commentsLucas H
viminacium gordianIII_AMNG77.jpg
Moesia superior, Viminacium, Gordian III AMNG 7744 viewsGordian ,AD 238-244
AE 23, 6.12g
struck AD 240/41 (AN II)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. PMS C - OL VIM
Moesia standing half l. between bull r., and lion l.
AMNG I/1, 77; Jekov/Hristova p.28, no.2
about VF, black-green patina
2 commentsJochen
Vitellius, RIC I-059 Lugdunum44 viewsAR Denarius
Lugdunum mint, 69 A.D.
18mm, 3.18g
RIC I-59, RSCv.2-90

Laureate head right

Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on throne, right holdind patera, left supporting torch.
1 commentsWill J
AR 3/8 Obol44 viewsTaras, Calabria
302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Volusian - Sestertius Cohen 2144 viewsRugser
Volusian AR Antoninianus44 viewsVolusian AR Antoninianus. Milan mint, 251-253 22.0 mm 40º AD. IMP C C VIB
VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate draped & cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus
standing right, holding spear and resting left on shield at front.

RIC 206
sear'88 #2832

Overstrike of above coin onto a coin of Maximinus (I)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMALA44 viewsRIC VII Alexandria 63
2 commentsblack-prophet
040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0144 views040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Vespasian: 69 - 79AD44 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
GALBA44 viewsAR denarius. 69 AD. Laureate head right. IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG / Livia standing left, holding patera and scepter.DIVA AVGVSTA . RIC 186. RSC 55.
Ex I & L Goldberg.
Two Dollar Bill44 viewsDate: 1953, United States of America
Obverse: President Thomas Jefferson
Reverse: Monticello

Two dollar bills currently depict the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies from England. It was given by my paternal grandmother's father to the first great-grandchild (me!)
Xian Feng Yuan Bao43 viewsEmperor Xiang Feng, Qing Dynasty. Issued during the war. Huge coin and high value, 1000 cents. Scare. 1851~1861 ADsamwyi
43 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. temp. Kanbun Era-Enpō Era. AD 1668-1673.
Æ Mun (25mm, 3.84 g, 12 h)
Saiji Bun-sen type
Kameido, Edo mint in Musashi province
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Bun in Hànzì
Hartill, Japanese 4.102; Ogawa 25
0015 - Denarius Annia 82-1 BC43 viewsObv/C ANNI T F T N PRO COS EX S C, draped bust of Anna Perenna r., hair in a knot, winged caduceus behind, scale before, dot below.
Rev/Victory in galloping quadriga r., Q above, L FABI L F HISP in ex.

Ag, 19.2mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: Annius Luscus, L Fabius Hispaniensis.
Mint: Hispania.
RRC 366/1b [dies o/r: 18/(20)] - Syd.748a - BMCRR 352 - - Cohen Annia 1 - Calicó 116 - RCV 289 - RSC Annia 2a
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8326
1 commentsdafnis
0017 - Denarius Octavian 30-29 BC43 viewsObv/Octavian head as Apollo, laureate, r.
Rev/IMP CAESAR, rostral column surmonted by cloaked figure (Octavian?), r. holding spear, l. parazonium.

Ag, 20.1mm, 3.47g
Mint: Rome.
RIC I/271 [S] - BMCRE 633 - BMCRR 4349 - RCV 1559 - Cohen (Imp.) 124 - Cohen (Rep.) 86 - Calicó 686 - RSC Augustus 124
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8598
4 commentsdafnis
Nero AE As43 viewsRIC I 543 Lugdunum, C 302
9.72 g, 27 mm
S-C on either side of Victory flying left with shield inscribed SPQR
(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay for attribution!)
1 commentsMark Z2
TACITUS43 viewsBI antoninianus. Lugdunum.276 AD. Emission 8, officina 3. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG / Pax walking left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre. PAX AVGVSTI. Star in right field. III in exergue.
Cohen 77. RIC 43. Bastien 116.
1 commentsbenito
TACITUS43 viewsAntoninianus. Ticinum . 275-276 AD. 4.20 grs. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right . IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG. / Securitas standing left, leaning on column. SECVRIT PERP.
RIC V pt. 1, 163. Estiot 1978-1995.
2 commentsbenito
Maurice Tiberius43 viewsMaurice Tiberius
21 mm 4.47 gm
Helmeted bust facing, holding gl. cr. in l. hand
Victory standing facing, holding chi-ro and gl. cr.; CONOB in exergue
1 commentsJohn Campbell
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC43 viewsTetradrachm , 25mm, 16.96g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG - 262, Lot 90
1 commentsrobertpe
012 Æ18 Hieron II.jpg
GREEK, Hieron II (275-215 aC) AE1843 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 270-230 aC
Valor: Æ18
Catálogo: Calciati 194; SNG ANS 968; SNG Cop 850; ¿¿SNG ANS 964??; Sear Greek Coins 1223
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Æ
Peso: 5,78 gr.
Diámetro: 18 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza diademada de Poseidon a la izquierda, dentro de línea de puntos.
Reverso: Cabeza de tridente, adornado con volutas entre los dientes y flanqueado por dos delfines. Leyenda HIEPONOS.
Juan B
Maroneia, Thrace43 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, condition: VF, red desert patina, mint: Antioch, weight: 2.393g, maximum diameter: 15.2mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Epsilon in ex RIC 187A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Julia Domna, Denarius - 006543 viewsRome mint, AD 204
IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust of Domna right
PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar
3.12 gr

Potator II
Macrinus, Bronze43 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
Radiate bust draped and cuirassed right

Gallienus, in military dress, standing left, holding spear and raising kneeling turreted femal ( Gaul ), who holds cornucopiae.

Antoninianus in Treveri
21 mm -- 2.71 g -- Axis 180°

RIC.27 Cohen.898

good silver
Gordian III, Denarius 43 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm43 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
Herennia Etruscilla, Sestertius43 viewsRome mint, AD 250
HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair ridged in waves
PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, holding sceptre and drawing veil from face, S C at exergue
16.17 gr
Ref : RCV # 9505 var,
2 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-522a/1453-54 A.D., #0143 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-522a/1453-54 A.D., #01
avers:- +LADISLAVS•DEI•GRA•REX-rozette, Patriarchal Cross, A-B, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- S•LADISL-AVS•REX, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,99g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: A-B (Pohl),
date:1453-1454 A.D., ref: Unger-522a, CNH-2-179, Huszar-662,
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #0143 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, h-O, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: h-O (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525e, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
Crispus43 views317-326 A.D.
AE3, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
3.23 gm, 20 mm
Campgate with two turrets and star above
Six layers
SMANT Є in ex.,
RIC VII Antioch 64
Antioch mint
325-326 A.D.
3 commentsJaimelai
Carausius, Antoninianus 43 viewsIMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Carausius right
PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding spear and branch
4,44 gr
Ref : RC #3580, Cohen #219
Potator II
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AE-As, RIC IV-III 173b, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #143 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AE-As, RIC IV-III 173b, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding sceptre and standard.
exergo: S/C//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:244 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-173b, p-90, C-63,
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 026b, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG G, Philip on horseback left, #2 Fouree43 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 026b, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG G, Philip on horseback left, #2 Fouree
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:-ADVENTVS-AVG-G, Philip on horseback left, holding spear and raising right hand.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:mm, weight:4,34g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date:245 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-026b, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,43 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5mm, weight:3,95g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-125c, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #143 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #1
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and single cornucopiae, with altar before her
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22mm, weight:4,81g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-126, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #243 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #2
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and single cornucopiae, with altar before her
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-126, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 123c, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, #243 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 123c, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, #2
avers:- MARCIA-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA-AVG, Pudicitia (Modesty,Chastity), veiled, seated left, drawing veil with right hand, transverse sceptre in left..
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-123c, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 130, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTAE, Pietas standing half-left, #143 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 130, Rome, PIETAS AVGVSTAE, Pietas standing half-left, #1
avers:- OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- PIETAS-AVGVSTAE, Pietas (Piety, Duitfulness) standing half-left, holding box of perfume and rising right hand.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5-23,5mm, weight:3,93g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:248-249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-130, p-, C-,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis43 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I AE Folles43 viewsRIC VII 148a Siscia
3.36 g, 19 mm
CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, head laureate r.
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT(dot)XX in two lines in laurel wreath
ASIS in exergue
Mark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, Valentinian I AD 364-375 Rome (RP)43 viewsObv: DNVALENTINI-ANVSPFAVG
Rev: Emperor with Labarum and Victory,
RIC IX 16(a)
1 commentsLaetvs
Trajan Denarius - Aequitas (RIC II 118)43 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-111 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R) with drapery on far shoulder.

Rev: AEQUITAS standing (L) folding Scales and Cornucopia.


RIC II 118 RSC 85
Kained but Able
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I AV Tremissis43 viewsRIC X 611, Depeyrot 93/3 Constantinople (first reign)
15 mm, 1.46 g, 6h
D N LEO PE-RPET AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath in right hand and globe in left hand; star in right
CONOB in exergue
Mark Z
BYZANTINE, Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople43 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
PKA (monogram of)43 viewsBITHYNIA. Calchedon. Claudius. Æ 27. A.D. 41-54 (likely struck late in that period). Obv: (...KΛ)AYΔIOYKAIΣAPO(...TOΣ). Bare head left; countermark before neck. Rev: (KAΛXAΔONIΩN). Laureate and draped bust of Apollo right; lyre at far shoulder. Ref: RPC 1787 (1 pc); Sear 438. Axis: 180°. Weight: 9.35 g. CM: Monogram of PKA, in rectangular punch, 3 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 632 sim. Note: Howgego 632 is applied to 12 coins of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces I. This countermark is similar, although with the letter "A" added. Could it possibly also be a reference to Rhoemetalces Caesar? RPC argues that Calchedon formed part of Rhoemetalces Kingdom of Thrace. Collection Automan.Automan
140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,43 views140 Theodora (305-306 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Trier, RIC VIII 091, -/-//TRS Palm, PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right,
2nd wife of Constantius I. (Chlorus).
avers:- FL-MAX-THEO-DORAE-AVG, Bust of Theodora right, wearing plain mantle and necklace, hair elaborately dressed.
revers:- PIETAS-ROMANA, Pietas facing, head right, carrying an infant at her breast.
exergo: -/-//TRS Palm, diameter: 13,5-14,5mm, weight:1,71g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trier, date: 340 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-91, p-144,
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)43 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
Male head right (laureate)43 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Æ 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
German states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A.43 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A. Crowned R divides date / 24 EINEN THALER A above sprigs.

KM 15
Antoninien Philippe 1er43 views- Antoninien, Philippe 1er, 247 (Billon)
Avers : IMP MIVL PHILIPPUS AVG. Buste radié de Philippe.
Revers : La Félicité. P M TRP III COS II PP.
Roger D2
1804 GEORGE III AR BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR 43 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BANK OF ENGLAND 1804. Britannia, seated left, holding a branch and spear, her left arm resting on a shield which in turn rests on a cornucopia, a beehive is in the background to the left; all within a garter inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR. The garter is surmounted by a castellated "crown" of five circular stone turrets.
On this coin there are enough traces of the host coin discernible on the reverse, near the edge between 'BANK' and 'OF', and on the obverse below the bust to make an accurate identification of the undertype possible. It was overstruck on a Spanish Colonial 8 Reales minted at Potosi in Bolivia and dated 1806.
Spink 3768; Obverse die A, Reverse die 2
Diameter: 41mm | Weight: 26.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 3768

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by C. H. K. in raised letters on the truncation at the king's shoulder. The reverse, which was also designed by Kuchler has the raised initial K in the triangular space between the shield, cornucopia, and Britannia's dress. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

1804 George III Bank of England Silver Dollars
Although George III reigned for sixty years from 1760 to 1820, the only crowns issued were in the last three years of his reign, apart from these Bank of England dollars issued as an emergency measure.
There had been a persistent shortage of silver coins throughout most of George's reign, and the Bank of England attempted to alleviate this by counter-marking Spanish colonial 8-Reale pieces (the “pieces of eight” of pirate legend) with a punch bearing the head of George III. When this counter-mark was enthusiastically counterfeited, the bank resorted to counter-stamping the entire coin. Most survivors were struck on Mexican or Peruvian 8-Reale pieces, though a few have been found to be struck on issues from Spain proper. Although these Bank of England dollars are all dated 1804, they were issued every year until 1811, and occasionally, the dates of Spanish 8 Reales minted after 1804 can be discerned on them. In 1811, to take account of the increase in the value of silver, the Bank of England dollar coins were revalued at 5s6d and they stayed at this value until they were withdrawn from circulation in 1817, by which time a massive silver re-coinage was being undertaken.
1 comments*Alex
Herakles (bearded head right)43 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. Æ 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330°. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
Great Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 1828.43 viewsGreat Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 1828. GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA, laureate head left / BRITTANNIAR REX. FID. DEF, Brittannia seated right, holding trident and resting right hand on shield.

KM 697
2,355,000 minted
German Empire. Wilhelm I 1871 - 1888 & Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 silver mark 1874-C.43 viewsGerman Empire. Wilhelm I 1871 - 1888 & Wilhelm II 1888 - 1918. .9000 silver mark 1874-C. Crowned eagle / value within wreath, date below.

KM 7
Muscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D.43 viewsMuscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D. FFAISAL BIN TURKEE / FESSUL BIN TURKEY IMAM MUSCAT AND OMAN, value and date.

Constans, RIC VIII 93, Siscia43 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
Bust: Rosette-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
2 soldiers standing to either side of one chi-rho standard.
Exe: ASIS crescent
Date: 337-340 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "C"
1936 GEORGE V AE FARTHING43 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1936 in exergue.
SPINK: 4061

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.

On January 20th this year, King George V died, his death hastened by his physician who administered a lethal injection to him. George V was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, but in December, Edward signed an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere witnessed by his three brothers. Prince Albert became King, reigning as King George VI.
No coins were issued for Edward VIII, the types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck until the coronation of George VI in 1937.

In London, the famous Crystal Palace, built for the 1851 Great Exhibition, was destroyed by fire.
Republic of Cuba. .9000 silver 5-Centimos 1952.43 viewsRepublic of Cuba. .9000 silver 5-Centimos 1952. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, 2 dates left of flag, tower on the right, denomination below / CINCUENTA ANOS DE LIBERTAD Y PROCRESO, star above tree, spoked wheel below & date.

KM 23
British India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930.43 viewsBritish India. George V. Copper 1/4 Anna 1930. GEORGE V KING AND EMPEROR, crowned bust left / design around legend and date: ONE QUARTER ANNA INDIA 1930.

KM 512
3. Malichus II 40-70 AD and Queen Shuqailat II43 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,140A, SNG ANS 1444
Obv: Jugate busts of Malichus II and Shuqailat II-Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Malichus/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
Size: AE16mm
1 commentsbrian l
Mis-strike Probus Radiate43 viewsThis radiate 'Aurelianus", likely of Probus, has little detail left on the obverse though a radiate crown and -BV- can be made out. The reverse has two figures clasping hands - like Emperor and Jupiter - and a legend ending in -TER. The exergue has *Q. otlichnik
CALABRIA, Tarentum43 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (12mm, 1.02 g, 10h). Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with hippocamp / Herakles standing right wrestling Nemean lion, club behind. Vlasto 1273-4; HN Italy 914.3 commentsTLP
25 Caracalla, Stobi.JPG
Caracalla ,Macedonia, Stobi #443 viewsAE 22, 193-217 AD
Obv: IM C MAVR ANTONINVS, Laureate , bearded head right.
Rev:MVNICI STOBE, Victory advancing right with wreath and palm.
22mm, 6.4gm
Moushmov 6553
279 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 352 or 361, Siscia43 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Bust: Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Soldier spearing fallen horseman. FH3 - reaching
Exe: ASIS (zigzag)
Date: 351-361 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated: "C3"
Domitian, AD 81-9643 viewsAR denarius.

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right / TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Minerva standing left, with Victory and sceptre; at feet, shield. Rome mint, struck AD 81.

RIC II.1, 062; BMCRE II, 013; RSC II, 564.
1 commentssocalcoins
PERU - Charles IV43 viewsPERU - Charles IV (1788-1808) AR 2 Reales, dated 1800. Lima mint. KM#95. dpaul7
011 Agrippa43 viewsAgrippa, Æ As. Agrippa. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD. M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left. RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius]

It's a bit glossy and hard to get a great shot
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
42- Trajan Decius 29c-2.JPG
Trajan Decius 29c-243 viewsAR Antoninianus, 250 AD , Rome mint
Obv: IMP CMQ TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory left with wreath and palm
22mm, 4.1gm
RIC 29c
Germany. Weimar Republic. 1919 - 1924. Aluminum 50 Pfennig 1921 A.43 viewsGermany. Weimar Republic. 1919 - 1924. Aluminum 50 Pfennig 1921 A. Sheaf behind inscription: GICH REGEN BRINGT GEGEN, mint below / DEUTSCHES REICH, Denomination (50 PFENNIG) and date (1921).

KM 27
15 Hadrian43 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used is for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
3 commentsSosius
60 Constantine Ia.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 180, Siscia43 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
VOT X X in two lines within laurel wreath.
Exe: BSIS (sunburst)
Mint: Siscia
Date: 320 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VII 180
Rated "C1"
43 viewsGreek,Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, c. 290 - 280 B.C. Silver nomos, Johnston class D, 4.15 (same dies); SNG ANS 517; HN Italy 1625; BMC Italy -, EF, toned, deeply struck from dies of fine style, 7.644g, 21.5mm, 45o, Metapontion mint, c. 290 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, “D” behind; reverse barley ear with six rows of grains, META on left, leaf on right, star over two amphoras above leaf, “FI” below leaf; ex Heritage auction 231402, lot 64007; ex CNG auction 79 (17 Sep 2008), lot 23; ex Paul H. Gerrie Collection with tag, ex Pegasi

Coin and Photo from Forum Numismatics
1 commentspaul1888
ROMAN EMPIRE, Macrinus43 viewsMacrinus. AD 217-218. AR Denarius (3.62 g, 11h). Struck AD 217. Laureate and draped bust right / Jupiter standing, head left, holding scepter and thunderbolt. RIC IV 2; Clay Issue 2; RSC 70. Good VF, toned.

From the Dr. Robert B. Beckett Collection.

"That's actually Clay Issue 2 not 1, and a very scarce coin: that rev. legend with P P but omitting COS is rare with all types and can't have lasted more than a couple of weeks, c. Sept. 217. No denarius like yours in the Reka Devnia hoard.

Macrinus was letting his beard grow, and it was beginning to show; in this short issue one finds a mixture of beard lengths, still short as on this denarius, but also medium and long. (Curtis Clay)"

1 commentssseverus
Ionia, Teos, c. 475 - 450 B.C.43 viewsIonia, Teos, c. 475 - 450 B.C.,
Silver tetartemorion, Teos
0.214g, 7.0mm
Obv.: griffin seated right, left forepaw raised
Rev.: quadripartite incuse square
SNG Kayhan 601

1 commentsareich
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Musa Chelebi43 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - Interregnum Period (1402-1413) Sultan Musa Chelebi (1410-1413), AR Akche, 813 AH, (c, 1410 AD), Erdine mint. Album lists this coin as RR. Sultan 302.dpaul7
0.30 AR Athenian Tetradrachm 454-415 BCE43 viewsATTICA: Athens. Ca. 454(?)-415 BC. AR tetradrachm. Athena / Owl. Nice centering.

Silver tetradrachm, pl. XXII, 6´. Svoronos pl. 15, 30., 17.1gm, 24mm, gVF, 449-413 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring,; reverse A?E right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, prong tail, to left olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square.
1 commentsEcgþeow
Alexander III, macedonian shield/helmet, Sardis43 viewsMacedonian Kings, Alexander III, The Great, 336-323 BC. AE 15mm (3.41 gm). Sardis mint. Cf. Price 2614 (unlisted monogram)

Obv.: Macedonian shield with kerykeion.
Rev.: Macedonian helmet; in between, B-A, below, monogram; to the right, rose; to the left kerykeion.
2 commentsSteff V
Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm43 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin
Kyzicus, Mysia, Silver hemiobol, After 480 BC 43 viewsKyzicus, Mysia, AR hemiobol, After 480 BC, Obv: Forepart of boar left, tunny upward behind. Rev: Lion head roaring left, small facing panther head above.
Antonio Protti
Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm43 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.77 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin though roughed up a bit
croce longobarda mm20x2543 views1 commentsRugser
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]43 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
Antoninus Pius, as, RIC III, 934, AD 154-5.43 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII, Laureate head right.
BRITANNIA COS IIII, S C, Britannia setaed left.
RIC III, 934, AD 154-5.
Struck 154-5 to celebrate the suppression of an uprising in Britain. It has been argued that this type was struck at a travelling British mint but this is far from certain; stylistically the coins are good and could just as easily represent a 'targeted' issue struck at Rome and then shipped to Britain. Certainly, like the earlier Hadrian asses, they are usually found in Britain.
Weight 10.11g.
AE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, with 3 hole, #243 viewsAE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, with 3 hole, #2
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24x25,5x0,2mm, weight: 1,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: ???, date: 4th-5th centuries A.D., ref: ???,
Ptolemy VI and VIII AE2943 viewsgparch
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm 43 viewsLampsakos mint (323-317 BC).
Price 1380
1 commentsMinos
KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander the Great ( or Alexander III ) 43 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Alexander the Great ( or Alexander III )  336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm
early posthumous issue , 17.11 gr . Amphipolis mint. Struck under Polyperchon or Kassander (for Philip III), circa 318-317 BC. Head of Herakles right wearing lion's skin headdress / BASI-LEWS ALEXANDROU, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; branch in left field, P below throne. Price 124 . NGC AU.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
Roman Empire, Anastasius, Tremissis 491 - 518 A.D. Constantinople mint. 43 viewsAnastasius. 491 – 518 A.D. Constantinople mint. Gold tremissis, 1.454g, 14.6mm, 180o, light graffiti, EF. Obv: pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; D N ANASTA-SIVS P P AVG. Rev: Victory advancing right, head left, wreath in right, globus cruciger in left, star right, VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM. CONOB in ex. Ref: SBCV 8, DOC I 10, BMC 10 – 15. 1 commentsBard Gram O
Thracia, Anchialos, Gordian III & Tranquillina, AMNG 681 var.43 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 26, 13.32g
confronted busts of Gordian III, darped and cuirassed, laureate,r., and
Tranquillina, draped, l.
rev. OVLPIA - NWN / AGQIAL / EWN (WN ligate)
City-gate with two helmet-towers, open door, above door gallery with three archs
AMNG II, 681 var.
EF, deep black-green patina
1 commentsJochen
Trajan RIC 22 Fouree43 viewsDenarius, 98-99
Laur. r.
Victory seated l. holding patera and palm.
18mm, 2.40g
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !43 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !
avers: Three towers on arch, cross on the middle one, crowned bust facing between two stars below, double circle of dots.
revers: Cross with rosettes in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica43 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
ENGLAND - QUEEN ANNE - 1702-171443 viewsSilver 4 Pence (Groat), 1713. KM-515.dpaul7
AntiochosVII H451.jpg
Antiochos VII AE15 Hendin 45143 viewsAe15, 15mm, 2.70g.

Obverse: BASILEWS ANTIOXOS EUERGETOI, Upside-down anchot.

Reverse: Lily in dotted circle.

BPR (131-130 BC)

Hendin 451.

Despite being struck in Antiochos' name, this is dated to the time when Hyrcanus I had actually gained control of Jerusalem, where they seem to have been struck. There is thus a good case for the claim that they were minted by Hyrcanus, and in a very real sense, constitute the first clearly 'Jewish' coins, since they inaugurate the tradition of coins without images. The earlier Yehud coins are probably better seen as 'Israelite' rather than 'Jewish'; they use images, and it's uncertain how far the term 'Judaioi' was in use at the time, or to whom it applied.
Antioch Syria Mint, Antoninus Pius Bronze Coin43 viewsAntoninus Pius circa 138 - 161 AD
Antioch Syria Mint
Bronze 17 mm 27 gram coin
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath
Antonivs Protti
Antoniniano Filipo I RIC 44.jpg
70-08 - FILIPO I "El Arabe" (244 - 249 D.C.)43 viewsAntoniniano 22 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ROMAE AETERNAE" - Roma sentada a izquierda, portando Victoriola (Palladium) en mano de brazo derecho extendido y cetro largo/lanza invertida vertical en izquierda. A su lado su escudo.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión 246D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #44b Pag.73 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8954 - Cohen Vol.V #165 Pag.111 - RSC Vol. IV #165 Pag.14 - DVM #34 Pag.2271
Antoniniano Victorino RIC 114.jpg
91-04 - VICTORINO (269 - 271 D.C.)43 viewsBillon Antoniniano 20 x 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INVICTVS" - Sol radiado y desnudo corriendo hacia la izquierda, su capa flota sobre su hombro izquierdo, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en el izquierdo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión mitad 270 - inicios 271 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #114 Pag.396 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11170 Pag.384 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3165 - Cohen Vol.VI #49 Pag.73 - DVM #7 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2545 - Elmer #683 - AGK #9b
Antoninus Pius - sestertius RIC 85543 viewsAntoninus Pius. Sestertius, minted in Rome, 148-149 A.D.; 24.45g; obv. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right; rev. COS IIII S-C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 855, BMC 1823.

Ex F. R. Künker E-Auktion
1 commentsBartosz A
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, 138-161 AD. 43 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AR Denarius (19,5 mm, 2.94 gr.)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS AVG Laureate head right. / COS IIII Thunderbolt on decorated altar.

RIC 137, RSC 345, BMC 536.

1 commentsAntonivs Protti
ANTONINUS PIUS. 138-161 AD. Æ Dupondius43 viewsANTONINUS PIUS. 138-161 AD. Æ Dupondius 25mm. (11.84 gm). Radiate head right / Providentia standing left, holding sceptre; globe below. _36001 commentsAntonivs Protti
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, sestertius, RIC 100443 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (22.23,30mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 159.
ANTONINVS AVG [-] PIVS P P TR P XXII laureate head right
TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST [/] COS IIII [in ex.] [/] S C Octastyle temple of Divus Augustus with statues of Augustus and Livia
ex Triton VI (2003)
The second temple of Divus Augustus, was restored under Antoninus Pius in 158. The reliefs on the pediment cannot be identifed with certainty, but the statuary on the roof can be identified as Augustus in quadriga flanked by Romulus on the left and Aeneas carrying Anchises on the right.
2 commentsCharles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 774, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (fourth donative)43 viewsÆ Sestertius (22.3g, Ø 31mm, 12h), Rome mint, Struck AD 144, Rome
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P, laurate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: AVG III COS IIII (around), LIBERALITAS (in ex.), S C (in field), Antoninus Pius seated on platform, officer behind, Liberalitas in front, citizen standing below, before platform.
RIC 774 (R); Cohen 498; Strack 984; Foss (RHC) 127:47
ex MPO (2002)

Issued to celebrate a fourth donative given on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina
1 commentsCharles S
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)43 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ø 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, first issue of Antoninus struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around edge) PIE TAS / S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 610; Strack p.250:908
Charles S
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #243 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0231, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TR-P-XVII, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding two corn ears and resting left hand on modius, filled with corn ears, set on prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,22g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 154 A.D., ref: RIC-III-231-p-,
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0064var., Rome, AR-Denarius, CLEMENTIA AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar !!!43 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0064var., Rome, AR-Denarius, CLEMENTIA AVG, Clementia standing, Barbar !!!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TR-P-COS-III, Laureate head right.
revers:- CL(E)MN-EN-TIA-AVG, Clementia standing holding patera and scepter.
exrg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-III-64-p-34, C-124, (Barbar !!!)
2 commentsquadrans
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0200c, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Pax standing left,43 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0200c, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Pax standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-T-AEL-HADR-ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Laureated bust right.
revers:- TR-POT-XIIII-COS-IIII, Pax standing left with branch and scepter.
exerg: -/-//PAX, diameter: 16,5-19mm, weight: 2,39g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 150-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-200c, p-51, RSC-582, BMC-729cf,
apameia phrygia ae22.jpg
Apameia, Phygia AE2243 viewsobv: Bust of Athena right, wearing aegis and crested Corinthian helmet
rev: Eagle flying right
Struck 133-48 B.C. at Apameia, Phrygia
SG 5120
1 commentsJericho
Antoninus Pius, RIC 641, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Securitas)43 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.4g, Ø 34mm, 12h), minted AD 140-144, Rome
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS III, laurate head right
Rev.: SECVRITA-S PVBLICA (around) S C (in field), Securitas standing left, holding sceptre and leaning on column.
RIC 641; C. 783; BMCRE 1312; Strack 841; Sear RCVII 4232
ex Edgar Owen auction, 1998
1 commentsCharles S
arch of Titus.jpg
arch of Titus43 viewsPart of the Arch of Titus showing the spoils from the destruction of the Temple in JerusalemTitus Pullo
Arrowhead AE, #05, Bronze Age,43 viewsArrowhead AE, #05, Bronze Age,
Magnia Urbica Ticinum43 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS NERON RPC 1761.jpg
14-10 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)43 viewsAE AS (Híbrido No listado en RIC) 28 x 24 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "[IMP NERO] CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG [GERM P M TR P]" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C " - Leyenda a los lados de un altar con dos puertas y ornamentos en la parte superior. "PROVIDENT" en exergo.
Puede ser una moneda híbrida acuñada a partir de un anverso de Neron y un reverso de Augusto póstumo ?? - Ver BMC nota de página 276

Acuñada 54/58 D.C.

Referencias: Cohen Vol.1 #255 Pag.296 - (RIC #528/530/531 Pag.181 muestran ARA PACIS en exergo, en lugar de PROVIDENT)
Israel, Masada43 viewsAtop Masada, the Dead Sea and the shores of Jordan in the distant haze.Lloyd
Thracia, Augusta Trajana, Geta, Schönert-Geiss 50443 viewsGeta, AD 209-211
AE 18, 4.21g
Bust, cuirassed, seen from behind, Aegis on back, laureate r.
River-god, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., holding waterplant in raised r. hand
and resting with l. arm on urn from which water flows l.
Schönert-Geiss 504 (2 ex. in Paris and Plovdiv); Varbanov (engl.) 1355 (Thanks to Markus!)

augustus as2.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck c.25 BC43 viewsobv: CAESAR (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: [AVGVS]TVS (within laurel wreath)
ref: RIC 486, BMCRE 731, RPC 2235
mint: Ephesus (?)(Uncertain mint in Cyprus or Syria)
11.18gms, 28mm
43 viewsGAUL, Uncertain mint (Treveri?). Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Æ Quadrans(?) (17mm, 2.7g)
Germanus Indutilli L(ibertus), magistrate. Struck circa 10 BC.
Diademed male head right
Bull butting left
RPC I 506; RIC I 249; Scheers, Traite" 216
27 BC - 14 AD
AE 24mm 12.02g
1 commentslaney
Gaul, Aulerci Eburovices electrum Hemistater (60-50 BC)43 viewso/ Stylized human head left, hair represented by three parallel lines; behind, a serie of dots and a little cross; below, a jewel; beaded cord around the cheek and a small boar upside down at the base of the neck
r/ Stylized horse leaping left, with the remains of the auriga above the horse, a boar left between the legs, a sort of Y before the horse's chest.
Titulature avers : Anépigraphe.
Description avers : Tête humaine stylisée à gauche, les cheveux figurés par trois lignes parallèles ; derrière, séries de globules et une croisette ; au-dessous, un fleuron ; cordon perlé entourant la joue ; un petit sanglier à l’envers à la base du cou.
Titulature revers : Anépigraphe.
Description revers : Cheval stylisé bondissant à gauche, avec les restes de l'aurige au-dessus du cheval ; un sanglier à chauche entre les jambes ; une sorte de Y devant le poitrail du cheval.
Extremely rare (horse left).
Evreux area, Eure (Northwest France)
19mm. 2.79g
DT 2406
Ex Numisnormandie (Emmanuel Lecoeur)
3 commentsAugustin Caron
Bust radiate, right, cuirassed
Emperor standing left, holding left sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, holding scepter. Ex. [star]C[star]
RIC 342, Cyzicus
Aureolus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC 387 var.jpg
Aureolus for Postumus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC V/2 387 var43 viewsAnt, 17x20mm, 1.51g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS EQVIT, Mars walking R with spear and shield.

Exe: T

Milan. Struck by Aurolus in Postumus' name.

RIC V/2 387 var, 268, Common.
[603a] Octavian, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.43 viewsAR denarius; BMC 461; struck at Lugdunum between 15-13 BC , C 1411, RIC 171a; Date: 17.8 mm, 3.5 grams; F+; Obverse: AVGVSTVS [DI]VI F, Bare head right; Reverse: IMP X, Apollo standing facing, holding plectrum in right hand and lyre in left, ACT in exergue. A decent denarius commemorating The Battle of Actium against Antony in 31 BC. Ex McSorley Westchester Stamp and coin show 1970. Ex Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers

AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

In the course of his long and spectacular career, he put an end to the advancing decay of the Republic and established a new basis for Roman government that was to stand for three centuries. This system, termed the "Principate," was far from flawless, but it provided the Roman Empire with a series of rulers who presided over the longest period of unity, peace, and prosperity that Western Europe, the Middle East and the North African seaboard have known in their entire recorded history. Even if the rulers themselves on occasion left much to be desired, the scale of Augustus's achievement in establishing the system cannot be overstated. Aside from the immense importance of Augustus's reign from the broad historical perspective, he himself is an intriguing figure: at once tolerant and implacable, ruthless and forgiving, brazen and tactful. Clearly a man of many facets, he underwent three major political reinventions in his lifetime and negotiated the stormy and dangerous seas of the last phase of the Roman Revolution with skill and foresight. With Augustus established in power and with the Principate firmly rooted, the internal machinations of the imperial household provide a fascinating glimpse into the one issue that painted this otherwise gifted organizer and politician into a corner from which he could find no easy exit: the problem of the succession.

(For a very detailed and interesting account of the Age of Augustus see:

Death and Retrospective

In his later years, Augustus withdrew more and more from the public eye, although he continued to transact public business. He was getting older, and old age in ancient times must have been considerably more debilitating than it is today. In any case, Tiberius had been installed as his successor and, by AD 13, was virtually emperor already. In AD 4 he had received grants of both proconsular and tribunician power, which had been renewed as a matter of course whenever they needed to be; in AD 13, Tiberius's imperium had been made co-extensive with that of Augustus. While traveling in Campania, Augustus died peacefully at Nola on 19 August, AD 14. Tiberius, who was en route to Illyricum, hurried to the scene and, depending on the source, arrived too late or spent a day in consultation with the dying princes. The tradition that Livia poisoned her husband is scurrilous in the extreme and most unlikely to be true. Whatever the case about these details, Imperator Caesar Augustus, Son of a God, Father of his Country, the man who had ruled the Roman world alone for almost 45 years, or over half a century if the triumviral period is included, was dead. He was accorded a magnificent funeral, buried in the mausoleum he had built in Rome, and entered the Roman pantheon as Divus Augustus. In his will, he left 1,000 sesterces apiece to the men of the Praetorian guard, 500 to the urban cohorts, and 300 to each of the legionaries. In death, as in life, Augustus acknowledged the true source of his power.

The inscription entitled "The Achievements of the Divine Augustus" (Res Gestae Divi Augustae; usually abbreviated RG) remains a remarkable piece of evidence deriving from Augustus's reign. The fullest copy of it is the bilingual Greek and Latin version carved into the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at Ancyra in Galatia (for this reason the RG used to be commonly referred to as the Monumentum Ancyranum). Other evidence, however, demonstrates that the original was inscribed on two bronze pillars that flanked the entrance to the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome. The inscription remains the only first-person summary of any Roman emperor's political career and, as such, offers invaluable insights into the Augustan regime's public presentation of itself.

In looking back on the reign of Augustus and its legacy to the Roman world, its longevity ought not to be overlooked as a key factor in its success. People had been born and reached middle age without knowing any form of government other than the Principate. Had Augustus died earlier (in 23 BC, for instance), matters may have turned out very differently. The attrition of the civil wars on the old Republican aristocracy and the longevity of Augustus, therefore, must be seen as major contributing factors in the transformation of the Roman state into a monarchy in these years. Augustus's own experience, his patience, his tact, and his great political acumen also played their part. All of these factors allowed him to put an end to the chaos of the Late Republic and re-establish the Roman state on a firm footing. He directed the future of the empire down many lasting paths, from the existence of a standing professional army stationed at or near the frontiers, to the dynastic principle so often employed in the imperial succession, to the embellishment of the capital at the emperor's expense. Augustus's ultimate legacy, however, was the peace and prosperity the empire was to enjoy for the next two centuries under the system he initiated. His memory was enshrined in the political ethos of the Imperial age as a paradigm of the good emperor; although every emperor adopted his name, Caesar Augustus, only a handful earned genuine comparison with him.

Copyright © 1999, Garrett G. Fagan.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Augustus (the first Roman emperor, in whose reign Jesus Christ was born) is without any doubt one of the most important figures in Roman history.

It is reported that when he was near death, Augustus addressed those in attendance with these words, "If I have played my part well, applaud!"

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr
Manuel I Commnenus43 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
England, Colchester, Balkerne Gate43 viewsBalkerne Gate, Colchester. The largest Roman arch in Britain. Colchester and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in AD 60 and detroyed the town. Image source: commentsJoe Sermarini
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,43 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-044, #1143 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-044, #11
avers: MBRE, Crowned head facing between two lilies, border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-RE +/X, (sometimes Lines instead of a legend), cross in circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,40g, axis:2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-044, CHN-1-057, Huszar-049,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-242, #0143 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-242, #01
avers: Crowned bust left, holding cross, B behind the head, border of dots.
revers: Falcon swooping on rabbit, line border.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 5h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-242_CNH-1-262_Huszar-330,
AUGUSTUS43 viewsAR cistophoric tetradrachm. (12.07 gm). Ephesus mint, 25-20 BC. Bare head right. IMP CAESAR / Capricorn right, head left, holding cornucopiae ,AVGUSTVS below ; all within laurel wreath. RIC I 480; Sutherland Group VI, 241a (O35/R45-same reverse die); RSC 16. Toned.
Ex. Glenn.W.Woods. Triton VII, Lot: 847. Sternberg XI (20-21 November 1981), lot 566.
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. 43 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / DEUTSHCES REICH 1874 FUNF MARK, crowned eagle with Prussian arms on breast.

KM 503

Low mintage 838k
Greece, Rhodes grave of Kleobulos 43 viewsThe grave was used as a chapel in the medievalFranz-Josef M
Autonomous Coinage, Pergamum AE1743 viewsPergamum Civic coinage.
Obv: QEONCYN KLHTON . Draped bust of the Roman senate right.
Rev: QEANPW MHN . Draped bust of Roma right.
Struck 1st Century A.D.
BMC 205
Sear 4910.
Ex-Automan Collection, whose photo I steal ;)
Laureate head, right.
Hadrian standing, facing left. raising turreted and kneeling female holding globe.
Sestertius, 23.7 gm, 33.2 mm, RIC 594a
Comment: Commemorates Hadrian's bringing order to the world.
M5. Otho, Silver Denarius43 viewsObv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P
Bare head, right.
Pax standing left, holding olive branch and caduceus.
2.6 gm, 16.5 mm
Comment: I don't remember why I posted this one on Forum but it was probably some discussion thread. I was surprised to get a PM (maybe the first or second ever received) and there was this nice note suggesting that I might want to look at a certain topic under the Fakes Board. Well I did and there to my horror was my Otho and branded a fake of the Toronto Group! I remembered that I had passed several e-mails to the seller before I bid wondering why so valuable a coin didn't have a hefty reserve. I got some meally mouth answer about the ups and downs of the coin market.......I bid. I should have listened to the warning bell going off between my ears....Lesson learned #2: Get very, very familiar with the information in the Fake Discussions and Gallery here on Forum!
J1. Cyzicus RIC VII, 55 S43 viewsAe3 3.1 gm 17.9 mm Struck: 327 Mark: SMKB•
Plain diademed head, right.
Seven tiered campgate with two beacons, star between.
Comment: Good example of a Plain Diadem.
D2. Constans, Siscia, RIC 195, C2, 347-48 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
Rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Two Victories standing and facing each other with wreath in hand and palm frond positioned between.
1.3 gm 15.5 mm Ae4 Exergue: /Palm/ASIS/
Comment: The Q in reverse legend may stand for 'quies' meaning 'rest', referring to the death of Constantine II.
L5. Constantine Jr, Londinium RIC 259, C1, 322-23 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX with globe on top and three stars above.
3.1 gm 18.5 mm Ae3 Exergue: F/(PLON)/B
Comment: Celebrates Constantine's fifteenth anniversary of accession and his vows for the next five years.
1 commentsMassanutten
F2. Perinthos, Thrace43 viewsAe20, 8 gm, 23.4 mm, 350-300 BC, Moushmov 4382
Obv: Anepigraphic with bust of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy with Thyrsos staff before.
Hera standing, facing, with a half bushel on her head and both arms extended. Inscription to right and left.
Comment: A Thyrsos is a staff capped with a pine cone and entwined with ivy. It was symbolic of the cult of Dionysos.
I2. Ephesus, Ionia43 viewsDiobol, .9 gm, 10.3 mm, 390-330 BC, Sear (GC) 4375
Obv: Bee with streight wings, E to left, Φ to right.
Rev: Two stags' heads, confronted, Ε Φ above.
1 commentsMassanutten
R7. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III43 viewsDrachm, 3.4 gm, 16.5 mm
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. Amphora to front. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
R8. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III43 viewsDrachm, 1.6 gm, 19.5 mm.
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. Amphora to front. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
C7. Licinius, Nicomedia RIC 24, R2, 317 AD43 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate bust, left, wearing imperial mantle and holding mappa, globe and sceptre.
Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre.
3.6 gm 18.5 mm Ae3 Exergue: Palm frond/SMN/Z
1 commentsMassanutten
D3. Geta as Caesar43 viewsObv: P SEPT GETA CAES PONT
Bare headed and draped bust, right.
Nobilitas standing right, holding sceptre and palladium
Denarius, 3.3 gm, 18.5 gm, Rome RIC 13Da
Comment: One year younger than his brother, Caracalla. was elevated to the rank of Augustus in 209 while serving with his father in Britain. On the death of Septimus Severus in York (4 Feb 211), he found himself in joint rule with his brother to which he was the opposite in temperament. The two loathed each other and within the year of their return to Rome, he was murdered by Caracalla in February of 212 and his followers massacred.
P6. Probus43 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Probus galloping right, spearing enemy. Shield beneath horse.
Antoninianus, 2.9 gm, 23.3 mm, Serdica RIC 877
2 commentsMassanutten
Buckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross43 viewsBuckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross
type: AE Buckle,
size: 32x19mm,
weight: 5,98g,
date:V-VII centuries A.D.,
ref: Florin Curta "Still waiting for barbarians ?" page:432,.
distribution: Byzantion,
[1642c] Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 Apr 945 - 9 Nov 959 A.D.43 viewsGold solidus, SBCV 1751; DOC III part 2, 15, gVF, Constantinople mint, weight 4.332g, maximum diameter 20.8mm, die axis 180o. Obverse: Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left; Reverse: COnSTAnT, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; small "finder's scrape" on reverse, obverse die slightly rusted.

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, 945-959 A.D.

Constantine VII (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogennētos) Porphyrogenitus is a nickname that alludes to the Purple Room of the imperial palace, decorated with the stone porphyry, where legitimate children of reigning emperors were normally born.

In his book, A Short History of Byzantium, John Julius Norwich refers to Constantine VII as "The Scholar Emperor" (180). Norwich states, “He was, we are told, a passionate collector--not only of books and manuscripts but works of art of every kind; more remarkable still for a man of his class, he seems to have been an excellent painter. He was the most generous of patrons--to writers and scholars, artists and craftsmen. Finally, he was an excellent Emperor: a competent, conscientious and hard-working administrator and an inspired picker of men, whose appointments to military, naval, ecclesiastical, civil and academic posts were both imaginative and successful. He did much to develop higher education and took a special interest in the administration of justice" (181). In 947, Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus ordered "the immediate restitution, without compensation, of all peasant lands thus, by the end of [his] reign, the condition of the landed peasantry—which formed the foundation of the whole economic and military strength of the Empire—was better off than it had been for a century . . . on 9 November 959, he died aged fifty-four, surrounded by his sorrowing family: his wife Helena, his five daughters and his twenty-year old son Romanus, now Emperor of Byzantium (182-3).

Works cited:
Norwich, John Julius, A Short History of Byzantium. London: Viking, 1997.

Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius Sear 166143 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - didrachm, 6.77g, 20.93mm
bare head, r., typical curled hair
rev. VΠA - TOC Γ
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus, star above summit
Metcalf 130a; Sydenham 327; Sear GIC 1661 var.
scarce, VF, lightly toned
L. Caesius43 viewsLucius Caesius, 112-111 BC. AR Denarius.
Obverse- Heroic bust of Vejovis facing left hurling a thunderbolt and seen from behind.
Reverse- Two Lares flanking dog.
CR 298/1, Syd 564, Caesia 1. 18.91 mm. 3.82 gm.
1 commentsb70
Bare head of Caligula left.
Vesta seated on ornate chair left,
holding patera and scepter.

BM-46, Paris-54, C-27, RIC-38.
A.D. 37-38
10.61gm 29 mm
3 commentsgoldenancients
CARACALLA43 viewsAE 29. Ancyra. AD 198-217. 17.04 g. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC(NT & NE lig) / Octastyle temple façade. MHTP ( TP lig) OΠO ANKVPAC. SNG France 2488 (same dies).
CNG 73, Lot: 732. Ex. Alexandre de Barros collection.
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius, RIC 184, Pax43 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Pax running left holding branch & scepter

Minted at Rome, 211 AD
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 43 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Æ 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 43 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla, 202 AD43 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Bust laureate, draped, right
Trophy between two seated Parthian captives
RIC 64, BM 392, C 179
Caracalla, AE 2643 viewsA C M AVR ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Nike/Nemesis advancing left, holding wreath and palm, wheel at her feet
Josifovski 504, same dies (V8, R189), citing private collection
Kuzmanovic Collection 933
43 views2 commentsmarandnumiz
Billion Tridrachm from Carthage43 viewsA Billion tridrachm from Carthage, minted during the second Punic war. 9.589g, 26.2mm, Carthage mint, c. 215 - 205 B.C.

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, pellet on leaf, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants

Reverse: Unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, pellet below horse's belly forward of the palm trunk; scarce;

Attribution: Alexandropoulos 44a; Müller Afrique 104; SNG Cop 190 var (no pellet); SRCV II 6494 var (same)
3 commentschuy1530
Celtic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #243 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #2
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse-trotting-left-
diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Kugelwangen type,
date:, 2nd.c. BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Distribution : , Hungary/ n. Serbia
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Heraclea 115A.jpg
A121B-12 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla43 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 16 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "CONSTAN-TINOPOLI" - Busto de Constantinopla vistiendo yelmo laureado y con penacho de pluma y coraza bajo manto imperial. Con Cetro sobre su hombro izquierdo, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre la proa de una galera, portando lanza en brazo derecho y escudo en izquierdo. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuñada 330 - 333 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Heraclea) #115 Pag.557 - Cohen Vol.VII #21 Pag.326 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8310.h. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3890
Centenional Graciano RIC IX Thessalonica 26c, type xv.jpg
A140-20 - Graciano (367 - 383 D.C.)43 viewsAE3 Centenional 18 x 17 mm 1.7 gr.
Hijo mayor y Co-Augusto de Valentiniano I

Anv: "DN GRATIANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLORIA RO-MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente avanzando a derecha, arrastrando por los pelos a un prisionero con el brazo derecho y portando un Labarum (Estandarte), con el signo Chi-Ro en su bandera, en su mano izquierda. "TES" en exergo y " * / B " en campo derecho.

Acuñada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Thessalonica) #26c Pag.178 tipo xv - Cohen Vol.VIII #23 Pag.129 - DVM #43 Pag.310 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9124.g. Pag.278 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4142
ENGLAND - CHARLES II43 viewsENGLAND - CHARLES II - (1660-1685) AR Half-Crown, 1676. Although worn, it is a scarcer variety, with retrograde "1" in the date. KM#438.1.dpaul7
CHINA - Southern Ming - Prince Yongming43 viewsCHINA - Southern Ming - Prince Yongming (1646-1659) 10 Cash. Obv.: Yong Li Tong Bao. Reverse: Yi Fen (1 fen [of silver]). 36 mm. Hartill #21.78.dpaul7
Maximian Coded KOY of Siscia RIC 58043 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate head right; Maximian on left standing right holding scepter in left, Hercules on right standing left holding club in left, both sacrificing over altar between them; B in right field and XXIKOY in ex.cscoppa
Caligula | Vesta * Æ As - 37-41 AD.43 views
Caligula Gaius | Vesta, Copper As

Rev: Vesta seated left holding patera in right hand and scepter in left hand, semi-transverse resting on left shoulder: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 37-38 AD

Size: 26.90 grm.
Weight: 10.44 mm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: A well worn coin, far more pleasant to the eye in hand. A challenge to photograph for like impression.

BN, 54
RIC I, 38
Cohen, 27
Claude dupondius Lyon.jpg
Claudius. Dupondius43 viewsTI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR.P. IMP.; bare head left.
[CERES] AVGVSTA : Ceres seated left on throne, holding corn-ears and torch. S C.

Claudius faced violent protests in Rome when the citizens had difficulties to find enough corn. His propaganda insisted on his efforts to supply Rome with food. Hence the Ceres reverse.

1 commentsGinolerhino
claudius II aequitas comn.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 197 43 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.6 grams 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG.. Radiated and drapped bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
H in exergue
RIC V (1) 197 Antioch
from uncleaned lot 10/07
1 commentsJohnny
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC 151.jpg
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC V/1 15143 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing L with rudder and cornucopia.

Exe: S.


RIC V/1 151, Common.

Some silvering.
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, -/-//SPQR, Fortuna standing left,43 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, -/-//SPQR, Fortuna standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- FORTVNA-REDVX, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand, (Fortuna2).
exerg: -/-//SPQR, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 269 A.D., ref: T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233,
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE GOTHIC, -/-//SPQR, Trophy of arms, Rare!,43 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE GOTHIC, -/-//SPQR, Trophy of arms, Rare!,
avers:- IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- VICTORIAE-GOTHIC, Trophy of arms (helmet l.); on each side, a bound and std. captive in oriental dress, (Trophy 1c).
exerg: -/-//SPQR, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 4,74g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-3, Ph-2, date: 269-270 A.D., ref: T-0946 (Estiot), RIC V-I 252, Komin 1149, Rare!,
Claudius II Ric V-1 Milan 17143 viewsAE 19 mm 3.7 grams
OBV :: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG. Radiate and draped bust right, seen from rear
REV :: VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath raised in left hand, palm branch in right
EX :: S
REF :: Normanby hoard 1008 (RIC V-1, 171 Milan var - bust type)
RIC rated Rare
Purchased 04/2010
2 commentsJohnny
Uncertain Geta AE16 43 viewsObv: Geta as Ceasar bust r.
Rev: Isis? in distyle temple. [.....]IWN
Brass Coal Shuttle43 viewsDate: Late 19th/early 20th century

This device was used to scoop coal easily. It has porcelain handles painted with a cobalt blue design.
1 commentsNoah
Salonina, Vesta43 viewsAr Ant.; 3.04g ; 20-21mm

Diademed draped bust right on crescent

Vesta standing left, holding patera and sceptre

RIC 38; RSC 138
Faustina Junior, Philippopolis43 viewsThrace, Philippopolis

draped bust right

Artemis standing left holding corn ears & torch

AE25, 8.42g
Moushmov 5163, BMC 13
Prov. Harlan J. Berk
Thrace, Deultum Gordian III43 viewsThrace, Deultum

Gordian III 238-244 AD
Ae23 6.8gm

Laureate draped bust right

Temple with decorated roof in perspective; statue within between 4 columns. Raised hand, sceptre and probably calathos on head (serapis)
Commodus - sestertius43 viewsMCOMMODVS ANTONINVSAVG
TRP VIII IMP IIII COS III P P / S C - Annona standing left, holding statue of Concordia and cornucopia; modius to left with 5 grain ears, stern to right with 2 figures on deck and Victory on side.
181-182 AD
1 commentsGinolerhino
Commodus- Herkules.jpg
Commodus- Hercules43 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Laureate head right


M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANTON: Antoninus, Antoninus
AVG: Augustus,
PIVS: Pius,


TRP: Tribunicia Potestas,
IMP: Imperator,
VI: 6
COS: Consul,
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto,

Showing: Hercules standing left, head at right and with clob and bow.

Domination: AS, Copper, size 25 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.

John Schou
commodus43 viewsAR Denarius, c 184AD, c3.0g, c17mm.
Obverse- M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS, laur. bust r.
Reverse- P M TRY P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P. Aequitas standing front, head left, holding scales and cornucopiae; globe at feet.
RIC73, RSC446, RCV5669.
Commodus Fortuna43 viewsCommodus AE Sestertius. 188 AD, 30mm, 16.1g
OBV: M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P S C, FOR RED in ex, Fortuna seated left holding cornucopiae & rudder on a globe
RIC 513, Cohen 153, BMC 618, Sear 5 #5746
Commodus Sestertius Securitas43 viewsPhiloromaos
Complete Pediment.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, The Temple43 viewsAn illustration of what the completed Pediment may have looked like.maridvnvm
conscamp com.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Antioch 6343 viewsAE 18 mm 3.4 grams
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG.Laureate head right
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG. Campgate with 7 rows of blocks, 2 turret, star above and dot in dorway
EX :: SMANT Epsilon ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 63
RIC rated R4
purchased 05/2008
Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia43 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Constance II 2.jpg
Constantius II - AE4 of Antioch (337-348)43 viewsD.N. CONSTANTIVS P.F. AVG.
VOT. / XX / MVLT. / XXX in wreath , exergue : SMANB (Antioch)
1 commentsGinolerhino
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25543 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VIII 116, -/-//TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Falling horseman,43 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VIII 116, -/-//TSB*, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Falling horseman,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, (Cn8, G3R), Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding globe in right hand.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-RE-PAR-ATIO, Helmeted soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, forwards, on hands and knees.
exergo: -/-//TSB*, diameter: 22-25mm, weight: 5,59g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 348-350 A.D.,ref: RIC-VIII-116-p-412,
1 commentsquadrans
Siscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!43 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 90.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Nicomedia 9043 viewsAE3, 20mm, 2.50g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate with 2 turrets, 6 rows, no door, star above.

Exe: SMNB (Nicomedia, Officina 2).

RIC VII 90, 324-5, R1.
Constantine I.jpg
Constantine I SALVIS43 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage stg. l. holding fruitsTanit
Constantine the Great, (307-337)43 viewsConstantine the Great, Heraclea mint 317
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate & draped bust left, holding mappa in right hand & globe with scepter in left hand
Rev: PROVIDENTIA AVGG, campgate with three turrets, no door, MHTB in ex
Ticinium VOT XXX ST and QT43 viewsJames b4
CONSTANTINE I--VICT LAE43 views307 - 337 AD
AE18.5 mm 3.43 g
O: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted laur cuir bust right
R: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, 2 Victories standing facing each other, holding over a column a shield inscribed VOT/PR
P star/crescent A in exe
RIC VII (Arles) 188 R3 (Rare)
1 commentslaney
RIC VII Ticinum 1343 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG L
VOT XX star
PT Ticinum RIC VII
Ticinum 130 r3
James b4
constantinus I  Glor exer combined.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Heraclea 12643 viewsAE 17-18 mm 2.2g 330-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosetted diademed, Draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Glor-iaexerc-itvs . Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, two standards between them
EX :: SMHA ( Heraclea )
RIC VII Heraclea 126
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot
Siscia, RIC VII 182, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISsemicirclewithbeams, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, C3!43 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 182, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISsemicirclewithbeams, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, C3!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7, B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X in wreath.
exergo: -/-//BSISsemicirclewithbeams, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-324 AD., ref: RIC-VII-182-p446, C3 !
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, R1!43 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7,B4, Laureate, draped and curiassed head right.
rever:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES, Camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above 8th levels of stone layers.
exergo: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 19-17,5mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 5h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-77, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
Rome, RIC VII 166, 136 Constantinus-I (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVGG, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!!, 43 viewsRome, RIC VII 166, 136 Constantinus-I (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVGG, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!!,
avers:- CONSTA-N-TINVS-AVG, Laureate helmeted cuirassed bust right. 1-D6,
revers:- VIRTV-S-AVG-G, Campgate, three turrets, six layers no doors; P-R across fields, RT in ex.
exerg: P/R//R-T, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,75g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-166, p-315, R5!!!,
1 commentsquadrans
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 309, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLC, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!43 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 309, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLC, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!
avers:-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG 1a, C, Laurate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI-INVIC-TO-COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, rising right hand, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: F/T//PLC, diameter: 21,5-24,5mm, weight: 3.81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, 1st.-off., date: 309-310-A.D., ref:RIC-VI-309, p-265, Rare!
constantius fel temp galley com.JPG
Constantius II43 viewsAE 17-18 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG. Pearled diadem draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and labarum with Chi-Rho, Victory seated to left stearing ship from stern.
EX :: TESE ( Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 119
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 11/2008
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