FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members


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Hendin-489 / 1172 (01)41 viewsHerod I - prutah (year 3 = either 40BC or 37BC)
2.64 grams

The dating of these coins is subject to debate. Some say that because Herod was appointed Tetrarch of Samaria by Marc Antony in 42BC, that "year 3" would correspond to 40/39BC. Others feel that because Herod was appointed King of Judaea by the Roman Senate in 40BC, that "year three" should then represent 37BC. In all reality, the debate will most likely never be settled conclusively, one way or the other.
Hendin-490 / 1178 (01)41 viewsHerod I - 2 prutot
3.83 grams
Hadrian AE As, RIC II 66441 viewsHadrian 117-138 A.D.
AE As, RIC II 664
Ć As 13.50g. 27mm. 125-128 A.D. Rome Mint
Ob: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS , Laureate and draped bust, r.
Rv: COS III, S C to either side. Minerva advancing r., brandishing javelin and holding shield;

Dark green patina with some earthen encrustation.
Reverse struck from worn die.

Ex Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Scotvs Capitis
Bare head left

Tranquillitas holding sceptre, standing left an leaning on cippus

Weight: 3,1g; Ř: 20mm; Reference: RIC II/222; ROME mint
1 commentssulcipius
Hadrian AR Denarius. 125-128 AD. 41 viewsHADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder / COS III, Victory standing right, right hand on head & holding palm. RIC 182, RSC 358, BMC 422
17,5mm.,2,50g. _5967 sold
Antonivs Protti
Hadrian Serapis Tetradrachm41 viewsHadrian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, Regnal year 19, 134 - 135 AD, 24mm, 12.6g, Köln 1150; Milne 1445, Emmett 889, Geissen 1150; cf. Dattari 1465,
OBV: AVT KAIC TRAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head of Hadrian left
REV: L.ENN EAK·Δ, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, kalathos on head

2 commentsRomanorvm
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.41 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
Horse Harness Strap Spliters41 viewsThese bronze items are part of Roman cavalry harness and are used to split one strap into three or to hang three straps from under one horizontal strap. I do not know the era.otlichnik
Sear 830 - Half Follis - 614-615 AD (Year 5) - Thessalonica mint41 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 614-615 AD (Year 5)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: ]RC[ - ]PVC
To left, Heraclius; to right, Heraclius Constantine; each standing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand. Between heads, cross.

Reverse: Large "K"; To left, /N/N/O; To right, .
Exergue: C

Thessalonica mint
DO 140; Sear 830; MIB 227
5.89g; 23.3mm; 330°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Sear 839 - Follis - 611-612 AD (Year 2) - Cyzicus mint - 2nd officina41 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 611-612 AD (Year 2)
Condition: Fine/VF+
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ]RCLI - PPERPVC
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and pendilia. In right hand, cross; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, II; Beneath, B.
Exergue: KYZ

Cyzicus mint, second officina
DO 168b; Sear 839
11.88g; 30.4mm; 195°
Helena, Thessalonica41 viewsHelena

draped bust right

Securitas standing, facing, holding branch

Thessalonica Mint

Ae 19mm; 2.7g
RIC 159 Thessalonica
1 commentsarizonarobin
Helena RIC VII, Cyzikus 3941 viewsHelena 248 - 332, mother of Constantine I
AE - AE 3, 2.96g, 17mm
Cyzikus 2. officina, AD 325/326
bust mantled, with necklace, pearl-diademed head r.
Securitas standing l., holding branch in lowered r., raising robe
with l.
exergue: SMKB dot
RIC VII, Cyzikus 39; cf. C.11; LRBC. 1177
Rare; good VF, nearly uncirculated, partially silvered

The MAGNIA URBICA hair-style with a marked hair-crest is exceptional (RIC)
Herod I (the Great)41 viewsHerod I (the Great). 40-4 BCE. Ć 8 Prutot, 22mm, 5.82 g. Samaria mint. Dated RY 3 (40 BCE). O: Ceremonial bowl (lebes) on tripod; date L Γ (Year 3) to left, monogram to right. Greek Inscription: BAΣIΛEΩΣ HPΩΔOΥ (of King Herod.) R: Military helmet with cheek guards and straps, star above, palms flanking. Meshorer 44; Hendin 486; RPC I 4901.

Although there is debate over exactly what year “Year 3” refers to, the monogram TP may well indicate the third year of Herod’s tetrarchy. Josephus writes that Mark Antony appointed Herod as tetrarch (TETPAPXHΣ) in 42 B.C.E., which would bring us to 40/39 B.C.E. This is also when Herod was crowned as King of Judaea by the Roman Senate with the approval of Octavian (soon to be Augustus.)

This dating helps to explain the meaning of the obverse image of a soldier’s helmet. Although Herod was appointed as king, the Hasmonaean king, Mattathias Antigonus, was still ruling over Judea and did not recognize Roman authority. Herod would therefore have to raise an army, which he did, and, after a three month siege, conquered Jerusalem in 37 B.C.E.

Although Herod accomplished a great deal during his thirty-year + reign, including the building of massive palaces and amphitheaters and enlarging the temple, he is most remembered as a jealous, paranoid murderer, willing to do anything to maintain his political power.

Herod ordered the death of his Hasmonaean wife Mariamne and her brother Aristobulus. Later he had his two sons by Mariamne killed as well. This effectively eliminated the most serious threats to his power in Judaea. Caesar Augustus observed that it was safer to be Herod’s pig than Herod’s son. His wickedness reached its peak years later when, in fear of a rival king, he ordered the killing of all the boys two years of age and under in Bethlehem.

The Bible writer Matthew records Jesus’ birth taking place, “in the days of Herod the king.” A star led astrologers to Herod proclaiming the birth “of the one born king of the Jews.” The resulting slaughter of these children fulfilled the prophesy at Jeremiah 31:15, “This is what Jehovah has said, ‘In Ra′mah a voice is being heard, lamentation and bitter weeping; Rachel weeping over her sons. She has refused to be comforted over her sons, because they are no more.’”
4 commentsNemonater
Syria, Cyrrhestica, Hierapolis, Severus Alexander, BMC 5541 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 30, 17.74g
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. QEAC CVRIAC IE - RO - POLITWN (beginning upper left)
Atargatis, in long clothes, std. r. on throne, holding with l. hand tympanon set on
her knee, resting with r. arm on back of throne; on both sides a lion std.
BMC 55; GIC 3367 var. (bust undraped)
EF/VF, attractive green-brown patina
1 commentsJochen
Himera, Sicily, hemilitron 41 viewsca. 420-408 BC
15mm, 2.80g
obv: [IME]; head of nymph Himera left, wearing sphendone, six pellets before
rev: six pellets within laurel wreath
2 commentsareich
Hong Kong.jpg
Hong Kong41 viewsKm29.1 - 5 Cents - 1965
Km49 - 10 cents - 1983
Km28.3 - 10 Cents - 1978
Km36 - 20 Cents - 1975
Km41 - 50 Cents - 1978
Km31.1 - 1 Dollar - 1970
Daniel F
Huszár 340, Unger 256C, RĂ©thy I 36141 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR obulus, 9.5 mm.

Obv: Cross on crescent, crowned heads to the sides.

Rev: Panther facing right

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Huszár rarity rating 10.

Huszár 841, Pohl 255-1, Unger 673m, Réthy II 306A, dated 1519 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGARI * 1519 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1509-1516, when he withdrew and relocated to Augsburg (per Pohl), yet coins apparently continued to be struck with his mark through 1520.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-19, Unger 673o, Réthy II 306A, dated 1526 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–B (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Bernhard Beheim, who was appointed kammergraf by Queen Maria in 1524, and remained kammergraf through 1545 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-33, Unger 673ζ, RĂ©thy II 306A, dated 1526 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS ◦ R ◦ VNGAR * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Visegrád and was a posthumous issue of Louis II (per Pohl). Louis II died on August 29, 1526 when he drowned while fleeing from the Turks after the carnage of the battle of Mohács.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
ID 3.jpg
Maximian, 286-305 AD (As Augustus). AE Follis.41 viewsObv.Laureate, cuirassed bust of Maximian right. Legend: D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG
Rev.Genius standing left, wearing turreted crown, left shoulder and loins draped, holding patera and cornucopia, S—C in fields. Legend: GENIO-POP ROM
Mint: PLC
Reference: RIC VI 224 (1967)
Rarity: R
Year: 307 A.D.
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #0241 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #02
avers:- Horizontally oriented crosses within crescents above and below line.
revers:- Lines instead of a legend, cross with wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-049, CHN-1-083, Huszar-097, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #0341 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #03
avers:- Horizontally oriented crosses within crescents above and below line.
revers:- Lines instead of a legend, cross with wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-049, CHN-1-083, Huszar-097, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #0141 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #01
avers:- border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,37 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-060, CHN-1-149, Huszar-159,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0241 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #02
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,21g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Side 1, page 241 viewsThis is side 1 of the second page of my coin albumAarmale
Italy, Rome - Inside the Roman Colosseum--May, 201141 viewspitbull
GALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Æ 24mm Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE).41 viewsGALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Ć 24mm (. Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / TIBEP KLAVD, E TAP in exergue, tetrastyle temple set on two-tiered platform; within, statue of Zeus seated left. Hendin 914; SNG ANS 1110.1 commentsMaritima
Alexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 111841 viewsAlexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 1118. Silberhistamenon 1082/1087. Christus auf Thron / Kaiserbüste mit Kreuz und Kreuzglobus. DOC 2b; Ratto 2064. Alexios
Spain, Naveta des Tudons41 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
Geta Bithynia provincial RG 140 var (obverse legend).41 viewsAE 18 mm 3.6 grams 189-209 AD
OBV :: L SEP GETAS K . Bare headed, draped , bust right of Geta
REV :: HRAKLHAS PONTW. Helmeted Bust right of Athena wearing Aegis
EX :: none
minted in Heracleia in Bithynia
India Republic.jpg
India Republic41 viewsKm8 - 1 Naya Paisa - 1960-B
Km16 - 5 Naye Paise - 1958
Km24.2 - 10 Naye Paise - 1961
Daniel F
Ionia Teos Stater rensa.jpg
Ionia Teos Stater41 viewsIonia, Teos. Circa 510-490 BC. AR Stater (11.74 gm, 21mm). Obv.: Griffin with curled wings seated right, forepaw raised; club before. Rev.: Quadripartite incuse square. J.M.Balcer, The Early Silver Coinage of Teos, SNR 47, 1968, 22. Jan Terje R
Ionia, Kolophon, tetartemorion 41 viewsKolophon, Ionia, ca. 490 - 400 BC
7mm, 0.22g
obv: laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing
rev: TE monogram within incuse square
(SNG Aulock 7900 var.;
Klein 398 var.;
Millne, Kolophon 7a;)
Ionia, Miletos, 1/24 stater41 viewsca. 600-550 BC
EL5, 0.41g
obv: lion’s head facing
rev: incuse punch
(SNG Kayhan 453; Klein 416)
ex CNG, dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #0141 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #01
avers:- ; border of dots.
revers:- ; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,7 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-080, CHN-1-151, Huszar-161, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #0241 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #02
avers:- Cross between A - O, double arch above, wedge within crescent on top; border of dots.
revers:- Line dividing S; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-084, CHN-1-137, Huszar-127, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar41 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Caracalla - Serapis41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 212 (2.94gm)
RIC IVi.193, RCV.6829v (C)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Dimitre Genoff (AAH)
Paul DiMarzio
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
J12a-Pilate H-648.jpg
Pontius Pilate, 26 - 36 CE, Æ Prutah41 viewsBronze prutah of Pontius Pilate, procurator under Tiberias, (26 – 36 CE), 15 mm, struck 29 CE.

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley, the outer two ears droop, surrounded by inscription “IOYΔIA KAICAPOC” (Of Julia Caesar).
Reverse: Libation ladle (simpulum), surrounded by inscription “TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC” (Of Tiberias Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) = 29 CE.

Reference: Hendin 648, AJC II supplement V, 21, TJC 338, SNG ANS 367-372, SGIC 5622.

Added to collection: January 28, 2007
Daniel Friedman
J16M-Vespasian denarius.jpg
Vespasian, AR Denarius, “Fortuna”, 69-79 CE41 viewsSilver denarius of Vespasian, 69 -79 CE, 3 gr, 17 mm.

Obverse: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna standing left holding rudder on prow & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC 4, RSC 84.

Added to collection: May 30, 2006
Daniel Friedman
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,41 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,
avers:- + TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-cX); border of dots.
revers:- + m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu),
mint mark: h-cX, by Christophorus de Florentia, by (Pohl).,
date: 1446 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-485.e, CNH-2-156, Huszar-618,
Tye 14.1, Deyell 4541 viewsShahis (ca. 850-1,000 A.D.). AR jital, possibly Ohind mint, average silver content ca. 69%, average weight 3.3 g., 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Deva, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Abundant.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
1 commentsStkp
Sear 1297 (1st Reign) - Follis - 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint41 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing elaborate cloak and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, cross; Beneath, .
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 57 (1st reign); Sear 1297 (1st reign); MIB 48b
4.79g; 20.2mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Juive 2 Year2 67 AD.jpg
First revolt. Small bronze minted in 67 AD41 viewsHebrew legend , footed amphora
Hebrew legend, vine leaf.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Julia Mamaea~0.jpg
Julia Mamaea Sestertius41 viewsJulia Mamaea AE Sestertius. 231 AD. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / IVNO AVGVSTAE, SC below, Juno seated left, holding a flower & a baby in swaddling clothes.

RIC 683 , Cohen 33.
2 commentsTanit
Julia Domna, Markianopolis41 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 25mm; 8.46g; Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior.

draped bust right

The Three Graces

Varbanov 883 var
1 commentsarizonarobin
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36341 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
Schjöth 1442, Hartill 9.90-92 Type 1, KM 144241 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash (cast brass), 1680-1683, Fujian province (Zhangjou mint), 27 mm.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Jang (in Manchurian) to the left, zhang (in Chinese) to the right.

Type 1 is comprised of coins with a two dot tong and a nominal weight of 1.4 qian (= 5.22 grams).

This is one of a series of twenty coins known as “poem” coins (shi qian), which, according to folklore, have talismanic qualities when placed together. The coins were put in a specific order in which the mint names formed a “poem.” The poem did not have a particular meaning, but rhymed according to the rules of classical Chinese poetry.

Hartill rarity 7
[1921a] Sasanian Kingdom. Khusro I. A.D. 531-579. AR drachm. 41 viewsSasanian Kingdom. Khusro I. A.D. 531-579. AR drachm; Göbl I/2; 32 mm, 4.05 g; VF, Nihavand, year 37; Obverse: Crowned bust right; three crescents around single border of dots; Reverse: Fire altar between two attendants.

“The Great King Chosroes I of Persia—known to his subjects as Anushirvan, ‘of Immortal Soul’—had occupied the throne since 531. Of all the great Sassanian Kings, perhaps of all the Persian rulers throughout history, he was the most illustrious and is still the best remembered. As a statesman, he reformed and reorganized every branch of government and completely revised the fiscal system; as a general, he created the first standing army loyal to the King alone and pushed forward his frontiers till they extended from the Black Sea to the Yemen, from the Oxus River to the shores of the Mediterranean; as an intellectual, he had given—even before his accession—an enthusiastic welcome to those pagan Greek scientists and philosophers who had drifted to Persia after Justinian’s closure of the School of Athens in 529. He founded his country’s great medical academy at Gondeshapur, codified the Avesta—the sacred book of Zoroastrianism—compiled the first collection of the myths and legends of his people and introduced from India the game of chess. He was, in short, a worthy match for Justinian, his adversary and rival for over thirty years. The Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I, the Great died in 565 AD; The Sasassinan King, Chosroes I, The Great died in 579 AD” (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, The Early Centuries. London: The Penguin Group, 1990. 228)
Persia Sassanian Khusro II Ar Drachm41 views Obv. GDH ARZWT HWSLWY (glory increase Khusro) Khusro II bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star and crescent
Rev Fire altar with two attendants star and crescent above
1 commentsSkyler
Kyrenaica a.jpg
Kyrenaica Kyrene41 viewsObverse: Head of Zeus Ammon r.
Reverse: Silphion plant
Mint : Kyrene
Date : c.250 BC
Reference : SNG Cop 1276
Weight : 15.81g
Denom: AE 24
Laodicée Héliogabale.jpg
Laodicea (Lattakieh, Syria) - Elagabalus41 views[IMP.] C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right
COLONIA LAODICEA [...] / Δ E , eagle facing in shrine made of canopy supported by two columns

From the nice portrait, it is Elagabalus.
1 commentsGinolerhino
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Lampsakos 328-323 BC41 viewsAR drachm, 16.9mm, 4.29g, Nice VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, feet forward resting on stool. Club in left field. Early lifetime issue, featuring a youthful portrait.
Price 1347; Müller 136; Thompson 8, series II
For Sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
7263 Prusias I, 228-185 BC41 viewsBronze Ć19, 19.6mm, 5.54g, VF
Laureate head Apollo right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Bow and quiver. Meduim brown patina.
Ex: Barry P. Murphy
Sear 7263; BMC Pontus, pg. 209, #9; SNG Cop 628
Lawrence Woolslayer
7268 Prusias II, 185-149 BC41 viewsBronze Ć18, 16.6mm, 3.99g, gF
Head Dionysos right wreathed with ivy / BAΣIΛEΩ[Σ] ΠPOYΣ[IOY] Herakles naked left holding club and lion's skin. Dark brown patina: photo greatly lightened.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Lodge Antiquities
Sear 7268; BMC Pontus, pg 210, #7
Lawrence Woolslayer
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule41 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule (1204-1261) Billon Trachy. Onb.: The Virgin enthroned. Rev.: Emperor standing holding labarum. Sear #2044.dpaul7
Koinon Makedonon AE2641 viewsMacedon, Koinon, AE26, 3. Century AD.
Obv: AΛEΞANΔPOY, head of Alexander with Tainia in long hair right.
Rev: KOI MAKEΔONΩN B NEOKO, two prize-urns on table.
Ř 26 mm, 12.18 g
1 commentsPscipio
Berytus AE1441 viewsBerytus, Phoenicia, AE14, 1. Century BC - 1. Century AD.
Obv: Marsyas standing left, holding wine-skin; CO-L across field.
Rev: BER above prow.
14 mm, 2.21 g
SNG Cop 89
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas41 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
King Levon IV, 1320 - 1342 AD41 viewsAR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ, equestrian king holding sceptre to the right. Ո and փ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻ, crowned lion walking right, patriarchal cross, dot behind.

Weight: 2.23 grams
Diametre: 20 x 19.5 mm
Die axis: 220 degrees

Reference: Bedoukian 1977 - 90

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81123
1 commentsMasis
Julia Domna AR Denarius41 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Denarius 3.10g / 19mm / -
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, veiled & right hand on her breast; holding scepter
Mint:(211-217 AD)
References: RIC IV / 2; 385c; Cohen 172; RCV 7105
Scotvs Capitis
Julia Domna, Thrace, Nikopolis as Istrum41 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
Thrace, Nikopolis as Istrum
AE 5.90g / 21mm / -
IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CE... - Draped bust right
ΝΙCΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ ΠΡΟCΙCΤ - Nemesis standing with scales and arshin or rod; next to her - wheel
References: Moushmov 1046, Plate IX 22
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
Licinius II RIC 29 obv and rev.jpg
Antioch Mint. 317-320 A.D.
17.7mm. 3.23g.
Die Alignment: 150 degrees
Obv: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C - Diademed bust left, wearing imperial cloak, holding mappa, sceptre and globe.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS - Jupiter standing left, chlamys acrcoss shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on a globe, captive at feet.
Exergue: SMANT
Gamma in right field
Ref: RIC 29. Sear '64 3717. Sear '88 3817. C32. VM 6.
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!41 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!
avers:- LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES, (6, I1-l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on left side, "Iota-Chi" in left fields.
exergo: Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-139, p-441, R5!!!,
Struck A.D.320. LICINIUS I. AE3 (Nummus) of Aquileia. 41 viewsObverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG. Laureate head of Licinius facing right.
Reverse: DOMINI N LICINI AVG. Laurel-wreath around VOT•XX; in exergue; AQS.
RIC VII : 86. Weight 3.3gms.

This coin is one of those struck in c.A.D.320 to commemorate the fifteenth anniversary of the reign of Constantine, which was also celebrated in the West as the fifteenth anniversary of Licinius.
Licinius I AE3 318-320 AD41 viewsLicinius I AE3.
laureate, draped bust left holding eagle-tipped sceptre & mappa
campgate, 3 turrets, 6 layers, no star above, no doors; Right field: dot
Mintmark: SMHA
Ref.: RIC VII Heraclea 29
Rarity: R2
Livia as Salus Dupondius41 viewsObv.
Bust of Livia as Salus right

Large SC surrounded by Tiberius' titles

Minted by Tiberius A.D. 22-23

6 commentsancientdave
LJ Alex copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 317-324 A.D.41 viewsOBV/ D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; Laur, cuir. and dr. bust l. globus and sceptre in l. hand, mappa in r. hand
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS; Jupiter stg. l., holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Crescent/B in fields. SMAL in exergue
RIC VII, 25 Rare 2
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0141 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01quadrans
Lucilla, Pudicitia41 viewsLVCILLA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Pudicitia standing

Ar Denarius, 20mm; 3.33g
RSC 60
2 commentsarizonarobin
Lucius verus 1.jpg
17 Lucius Verus41 viewsDenarius. IMP L VERVS AVG, bare head right / PROV DEOR TR P III COS II, Providentia standing left holding globe & cornucopiae. RSC 154; RIC III 483; BMCRE 207. Weight 3.45 g. Die Axis 6 hr. Max Dia 18 mm.

1 commentsmix_val
Luxembourg41 viewsKm23.2 - 10 Centimes - 1855-A
Km45a - 25 Centimes - 1970
Km46.3 - 1 Franc - 1957
Km55 - 1 Franc - 1970
Km59 - 1 Franc - 1987
Daniel F
M Aurelius sestertius Felicitas.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Sestertius41 viewsRIC 1227
Rev: FELICITAS AVG IMP VIIII COS III P P, Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and sceptre.
E Pinniger
Macrinus & Diadumenian, AE 2841 viewsAV K OPEL CEV MAKREINOC K M OPEL ANTONEINOC K
Confronted busts
Artemis advancing right, withdrawing arrow from quiver, holding bow, hound at her feet. E in left field.
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1160, AMNG 730
13.61 g.
1 commentswhitetd49
Maiorina Constancio II RIC VIII Heraclea 86E.jpg
A130-65 - Constancio II (337 - 361 D.C.)41 viewsAE2 Maiorina ó Centenional 20 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "[DN CON]STAN- TIVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha. "Δ" detrás del busto.
Rev: "FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO" - Soldado con yelmo a derecha, portando escudo en brazo izquierdo, alancea con derecha a un jinete caido que porta diadema, lo mira y extiende su brazo izquierdo hacia él. "SMHε" en exergo.

Acuńada 348 - 352 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Heraclea) #86 Pag.436 - Cohen Vol.VII #46 Pag.447 - DVM #90 Pag.300 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8659.h. Pag.214 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3974 - LRBC #1896
Greek, Alexander III, Makedonia, 336-323 BC Gold Stater41 viewsAV Stater 336-323 BC, Sardes. Athena Av. Athena, rv. . Nike standing to the right! w/ wreath and stylis, Sun (star), 8,53 g. Price 2644. 2 commentsAkeo
C. Mamilius Limetanus, Crawford 362/141 viewsC. Mamilius Limetanus, gens Mamilia
AR - denarius serratus, 20mm, 3.78g, 45°
Rome, 82 BC
obv. Bust of Mercurius r., draped, with winged petasos and caduceus behind r. shoulder
l. above A (control mark)
rev. l. side top down C.MAMIL, r. side bottom-up LIMETAN (TA as monogram)
Ulysses (Odysseus), in beggar garment with mantle and pileus, advancing r., resting with raised l. hand
on staff, stretching r. hand to his old dog Argus, who is standing r. before him and looks up to him
ref. Crawford 362/1; Sydenham 741; RCV 282; Albert 1253; Mamilia 6
rare, VF

For more information take a look at the referring article of the Mythology Thread.
1 commentsJochen
Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople41 viewsObv: Virgin Orans to Manus Dei at Right,
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 1968
1603 Felipe III, Segovia / Felipe IV41 views1603 AD, Felipe III, Segovia Mint, 2 Maravedis.Molinari
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,41 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-470 (Ant. Pius), p-88, RSC-703, Sear-,
M Marcius Mn f Denarius, 134 BC41 viewsHelmetted head of Roma right, modius behind, XVI in monogram below chin
Victory with whip in biga right
M MARC below, divided by two grain ears
ex. ROMA
The obverse symbol and reverse of this coin refers to the moneyer's father, Mn. Marcius, who as aedile, c. 154 BC, was the first to distribute wheat to the people at one As per modius.

Marcia 8, Cr 245/1, Syd 500
1 commentswhitetd49
Marcus Aurelius denar41 viewsTR P XXI IMP IIII COS III2 commentstibsi67
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) #241 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.1g, 27.19mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in outstretched r. hand and leaning with l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on the pic too!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013)
d) BMC 50
F+/about VF, glossy dark green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. Nevertheless it is Demeter.
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.76g, 27.94mm, 45°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
below AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and holding in r. hand rudder, set on
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1162 var. (has no globe under rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2021 (cites AMNG 1161!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
about EF, light roughness on obv., excellent portrait of Serapis
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 12.24g, 26.31mm, 195°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
Confronting heads of Macrinus, laureate, r., and Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
City-goddess (Tyche), in long garment, wearing mural crown, stg. l., head r., holding cornucopiae in r. arm and resting with l. hand on rudder stg. on globe
E in r. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 759 (1 ex., Vienna)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
very rare, VF/about VF, nice green patina

Pick writes: "This type of Tyche, with cornucopiae and sceptre, could be copied from the type of Tomi (pl. VII, 20ff.); but it is possible too that the left hand is resting on a rudder (similar to n.776, pl.XIX, 9), so that we have here a depiction of Tyche but an unusual one."
On this coin the rudder is clearly visible, so Pick is right with his second suggestion!
1 commentsJochen
400-350 BC - Maroneia, Thrace - Horse Obverse - Vine in Square Reverse41 viewsMaroneia, Thrace
Date: ca. 400-350 BC
Condition: Fair
Size: AE14

Obverse: Horse prancing right; NK monogram beneath

Reverse: MAPΩNITΩN (or similar) around three sides of linear square containing vine; monogram on one side?

2.69g; 14.6mm; 15°
031 Matidia ( -119 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 759 (Trajanus), Rome, PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas with Sabina and Matidia Minor, Modern Fake !!!41 views031 Matidia ( -119 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 759 (Trajanus), Rome, PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas with Sabina and Matidia Minor, Modern Fake !!!
Matidia Daughter of Marciana, niece of Trajan. Augusta, 112-119 A.D.
avers:- MATIDIA-AVG-DIVA-F-MARCIANAE-F, Draped bust of Matidia right.
revers:- PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas standing holding hands with Sabina and Matidia Minor.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC II 759 (Trajanus), p-, BMC-660, RSC-10,
Struck. Die-engraver "Lipanoff Studio"
Published: Sofia 2004, no.47
I. Prokopov
1 commentsquadrans
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #0141 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #01
avers:- +•MONETA•MAThIE•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- REGIS•h-VnGARIAE•, Patriarchal cross in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-S, by Stephan Kowách (Pohl 202-1).
date: 1461 A.D., ref: Unger-554.b, CNH-2-218, Huszar-702,
1 commentsquadrans
maximianus 1+.jpg
Maximianus Follis41 viewsMaximianus Ć Follis. ca 300 AD. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, no mintmark.

RIC 6b
41 viewsMaximinus I - Sestertius - 236/238
Ob.: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVS AVGVSTI S C; Salus seated left, feeding from patera a serpent arising from altar.
gs. 18,6 mm 34
Cohen 92, RIC IV 85
1 commentsMaxentius
Medieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,41 viewsMedieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,
mint: ???
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp I & Otacilia Severa, Varbanov 423741 viewsPhilipp I, AD 244-249
AE 26, 10.95g
confronted busts of the imperial pair
Dionysos, in short chiton and nebris, with boots, wearing ivy wreath, standing frontal, head l., holding thyrsos and pouring out of kantharos.
Varbanov (engl.) 4237 (plate coin); SNG Cop. 665 (same obv.); SNG Cop. 666 (same rev.); Moushmov 4018
published on Wildwinds

On the portrait of Otacilia traces of a slight doublestrike, OY from IOYL and dots from the border (Steve Minnoch)
3 commentsJochen
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC.JPG
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC41 viewsMiletos, Ionia
AR – 1/12th stater, 9.5mm
c. 525 BC
lion foreparts r.
star in incuse pattern
Sear 3523
Bohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)41 viewsBohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)

Castelin __, Fiala/Donebauer 947, cf. Saurma 407/182

AR pragergroschen, 32 mm., Kutná Hora mint.

Obv: + DEI x/x GRATIA + REX x/x BOEmIE / + WLADISLAUS SECVnDVS, crown in center.

Rev: + * GROSSI * PRAGENSIS, crown double-tailed lion facing left.

The groschen of Prague (pragergroschen) were first minted in July 1300 during the reign of Wenceslas II (1278-1305), following the discovery of exceptionally rich silver deposits at Kutná Hora in 1298. It was struck, with the design essentials unchanged for roughly 250 years. The pragergroschen played the same role in central Europe that was played by the denier tournois further west. Its preeminence in Germany postponed the appearance of native groschen over much of the region for over 150 years.

The coinage was debased under Wencelsas IV (1378-1419), and none were minted during the reigns of Sigismund (1420-37), Albert (1437-39) and Ladislas Postumus (1453-57). When minting was revived toward the end of the reign of George Podĕbrad (1458-71), they were struck to a much lower standard, having a fineness of only 10 lot (625/1000) and a silver content of 1.69 gr., which was barely half that of the original pragergoschen of Wenceslas II. It was then reckoned 24 instead of 12 to the ducat, and fell further when it was debased (to a weight of around 1.25 gr.) toward the end of the reign of Wladislaus II.
moneta 336.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE2641 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Dionysos standing left with bunch of grapes & thyrsos.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nikopolis ad Istrum under Magistrate Aurelius Gallus
Moushmov 1901
1 commentsJericho
moneta 354.jpg
Constantine I, Sirmium - RIC VII 4841 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA. Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm branch, pushing captive seated on ground.
exergue: SIRM
Struck 324-325 A.D. at Sirmium
Van Meter 87
Note: Refers to a major victory over the Sarmatians in 322 A.D.
1 commentsJericho
moneta 374b.jpg
Hadrian, Uncertain Eastern Mint - RIC 33941 viewsHadrian Denarius
obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P. Bare head right.
rev: COS III. Aequitas standing left, holding scales & conucopiae.
Struck 134-138 A.D. at uncertain Eastern mint
RIC 339
1 commentsJericho
moneta 567.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia - RIC VII 21741 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left
rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate with no doors, ten stone layers (top layer with pellets), two turrets, star above.
exergue: delta SIS double crescent
Struck 328-329 A.D. at Siscia
Van Meter 70
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica41 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
moneta 677 smaller.jpg
Claudius, Rome - RIC 11341 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P. Bare head left.
rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C. Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and extending left hand.
Struck 42-43 A.D. at Rome
RIC 113
Note: "RIC 113 (Common) has the scarcity right, but wrongly gives date as c. 50-54 AD. Correct, according to my own investigation, is 42-3 AD" - Curtis Clay
Morroco 3 falus.jpg
Morroco 3 falus41 viewsC166 - 3 Falus, Mint of Fez - 1873 / AH1290

Photo credit: Mark Lehman
Daniel F
Napolean III KM 776.141 viewsFrance, Napolean III. NAPOLEAN III EMPEREUR 1856, head of Napolean III left / EMPIRE FRANCAIS DIX CENTIMES Eagle perched facing on perch, wings open. Mintmark A below.

mintage: 5,417,000 (combined with 1856)
Néron as.jpg
Nero - As41 viewsIMP. NERO CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC.; laureate bust right.
Rev.: PACE P.R. VBIQ. PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (He brought everywhere the Peace of the Roman People, then closed the temple of Janus). The themle of Janus with its doors closed at last. S C.

I like this coin... I bought it in Tunis, covered with dirt (the coin, not me). Took me 2 hours of discussion with the dealer before we agreed on the price.
Nero, RIC 144, Sestertius of AD 64-66 (Triumphal arch)41 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.9g, Ř35mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 64-66.
Obv.: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero facing left.
Rev.: S C (in field), Triumphal arch is surmounted by a quadriga facing with Pax, standing on the left, and winged Victory, on the right. At the angles of the entablature are soldiers. The front piers of the arch are decorated with sculptures in three tiers of panels; in the niche on the left is a statue of Mars.
RIC 144; Cohen 306; Sear 2000 (RCV) 1962var.; Foss (RHC) 67:14

Nero erected a triumphal arch on the Capitoline Hill while the Parthian war was in progress in Armenia, with Corbulo capturing the Armenian capital Artaxata in AD 58. The arch was rededicated or completely dismantled after Nero's death in AD 68, and this monument is only known from coins.
1 commentsCharles S
Nero | Victory * Æ As, 54-68 AD.41 views
Nero | Victory * Copper As

Obv: Laureate head right: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Rev: Victory standing left holding oval shield inscribed, SPQR: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 65 AD.

Size: 27.335
Weight: 10.07 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Well worn all over, but with still vivid images and a lovely medium chocolate patina.

RIC I, 312
WCN 285, 290
Cohen 288
BN 399
Nigeria41 viewsKm5 - 1 Shilling - 1959
Km9 - 5 Kobo - 1976
Km13 - 50 Kobo - 1991
Daniel F
Bithynia, Nikaia, Geta, Rec.Gen. 51541 viewsGeta AD 198-209
AE 15, 2.31g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIK - AIEWN
Nike, in short chiton over long chiton, advancing r., holding wreath in raised r.
hand and long palm (or trophy?) over l. shoulder
Rec.Gen., p. 463, 515 & pl. LXXX, #21 (Thanks to Lawrence Woolslayer!)
F+/about VF, black-green patina

Nike here wears as hair-do a so-called lampadion often seen on the gold stateres of Alexander III.
1 commentsJochen
Bithynia, Nikomedia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 25341 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 21, 3.17g
Bust, draped, r.
Skylla advancing l. over waves, holding rudder over her shoulder and dolphin
in outstretched r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253
extremely rare, good F, green patina

For more information see the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.12g, 27.10mm, 225°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
laureate head r.
Athena, helmeted, wearing peplos over long chiton, standing facing, head r.,
holding transversed spear in r. hand and leaning with r. hand on shield set on
small column.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1568 (1 ex., München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3128 (obv. from same die, but cites in error AMNG 1568 under #3129)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
Rare, F+/about VF, nice green patina
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 30, 15.8g, 29.81mm, 225°
struck under legate Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Asklepios, in himation, drapery over l. arm, stg. frontal, head l., leaning on
serpent-staff l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, about VF

Die fault on the bottom of rev. legend of the Pi of VPA and some smoothing (Curtis Clay)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)41 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.16g, 26.64mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
bust, laureate, r.
Homonoia, in long clothes and with kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and in outstretched re hand patera
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1704 (2 ex., Berlin, Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3334 (cites AMNG 1704, but describes AMNG 1705)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF, deep black-green patina
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 00. pseudo-autonomous, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)41 viewsAE 14, 1.84g, 13.80mm, 180°
struck 2nd/3rd century AD
obv. (anepigraphic)
Bust of Nike as City-Goddess, winged, draped and turreted, palmbranch behind shoulders, r.
Crescent with 3 stars
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina

Pick states that Nike must have been the eponymous goddess of Nikopolis, explaining the unusual number of Victory rev. types on the city's coinage.
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Siscia 39aA.jpg
A141-25 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)41 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – IA AVGGG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "ASIS" en exergo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #39a Pag.155 - Cohen Vol.VIII #45 Pag.144 - DVM #49 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9184.f. Pag.284
1 commentsmdelvalle
Octavian (Augustus)41 viewsAugustus (Octavian 30-29BC ) -- AR Denarius. Bare head right /Triumphal arch with IMP CAESAR on architrave, surmounted by quadriga bearing Octavian. RIC I 267; Sear CRI 481; Sear RCV 1558; RSC 123. 1 commentsfeatherz
Octavian Sestertius41 viewsOCTAVIAN, with DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR. 38 BC.
Ć Sestertius
Obv: CAESAR before, DIVI F behind, bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard
Rev: DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind, head of Divus Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath.
Crawford 535/1; RPC I 620; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; BMCRR Gaul 106; Cohen 3 (Julius Caesar)
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0141 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"41 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1874), XVII-th. Scientific Conference, Győr"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:48,77g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1874 A.D.,
P 4 D.jpg
Punic Zeugitana41 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC41 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 20141 viewsAE 18, 3.08g
struck 200-133 BC (according to von Fritze)
obv. Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with star, hair in curls to neck.
rev. Owl with open wings, stg. facing on palmbranch, head l.
above AQH - NAC, below NIKHFOROV
in l. and r. field P - D (magistrate?)
ref. BMC 133, 201; SNG Copenhagen cf.383; SNG von Aulock cf.1375
about VF, nice contrasts

This type is part of a greater series of coins struck in honour of Athena, tutelary deity of Pergamon. Issued possibly to celebrate various victories over the Galati and the Seleucids.
3 commentsJochen
Perinthos AE2641 viewsPerinthos pseudo-autonomous AE26, imperial times.
Obv: Bearded head of Herakles left.
Rev: ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN, Zeus on throne left, holding sceptre and patera, eagle at feet.
Ř 26 mm, 10.41 g.
Schönert, Perinth 116
2 commentsPscipio
Philip I41 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
Philippus II. antoninianus41 viewsSAECVLVM NOVVM
Antiochia mint
3 commentsTibsi
Philippus I. Arabs antoninianus * UNIQUE *41 viewsObv.: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG / PM
unknown mint
1 commentsTibsi
Philip II tetradrachm, Amphipolis41 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. Struck around 315-294 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / FILIPP-OU, youth on horseback right, holding palm; L and torch below horse, dolphin under raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 48, 1; SNG ANS 807.1 commentsmarandnumiz
Goat - Philip II Antoninianus. A.D.24841 viewsObverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II facing right, seen from behind.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG. Goat walking left; in exergue, III (officina 3).
RIC IV iii : 224

This coin is one of a series of coins struck by Philip I and Philip II in A.D.248 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of Rome. Many of these coins depict the various animals, brought from all over the Empire, which were displayed in the arena during the games celebrating this event.
41 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
C. 445-420 BC
Obv: Facing bulls head
Rev: Head of Artemis in incuse square
Super metal and detail
Williams 242a pl 8 (this coin)

Ex. Roderick T Williams Collection, Baldwin's Auction 75, September 26, 2012, lot 2274.

Published: Silver Coinage of the Phokians, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 7 (London, 1972), 242a Plate 8
5 commentspaul1888
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED41 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
Probus SALVS AVG41 viewsProbus, 281 A.D., Ticinum mint.
OBV: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms. V in left field, TXXI in exergue.

Part of the EQVITI series of Ticinum.
Gallienus IOVI STATORI41 viewsGallienus, 263 A.D., Antioch.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left holding scepter and thunderbolt, star in right field.
1 commentsancientcoins
Plautilla and Caracalla41 viewsRIC (Car.)361, Plautilla AR Denarius. 202 AD. PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right / CONCORDIAE AETERNAE, Plautilla & Caracalla clasping hands. RSC 10owellber
PMTRP VIII quadriga Dlsd41 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped left shoulder
Reverse: PMTRPVIIICOSIIIPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander laureate and togate, standing in decorated quadriga right, holding reins and eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand and extending right
BMC 575-8, RIC 495
Weight, 20.78g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Pompeii wall painting41 viewsAnother stunning painting in Pompeii.Titus Pullo
Postumus double denarius, 259-263 AD.JPG
Postumus antoninianus, 259-268 AD41 viewsPostumus, AD 260-268
AR - antoninianus, 15mm
Treveri mint; 3rd emission, 1st phase; AD 263-265
radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia
RIC V 75; Mairat 65
Postumus41 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Pax walking left

Antoninianus struck 263 -265 in TRIER, 3° emission
C.220 - RIC.78 - Elmer 333 - Cunetio 2405 - AGK.51
Postumus AE Double Sestertius41 viewsObv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA AVG - Galley with four rowers on waves to right.
Date: 261 AD
Ref: RIC 143
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Short hair, double diadem.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1
de Morgan 58
Sear GIC 5918
BMC 28 284 1
Mitchiner ACW 721-22
Howard Cole
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D. , AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Small tufts of hair on top of head and side of head. Anchor in field to left of bust.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1-1A?
de Morgan 59
Sear GIC 5919
BMC 28 286 22
Howard Cole
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #141 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopiae; at foot, globe.
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome (Siscia), Pink attributes this coin to the first emission of Rome, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 726, p-,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Trophy between two captives. Both captives looking left The left captive's hands tied and held behind the back, the right captive's hands tied and held in the lap.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 821, p-, Alf-101, No-14,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
Ptolemy II - obol Weiser 1741 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BC). AE obol. Alexandria mint, ca 269-268 BC; 19.09g; obv. Laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right; rev. Eagle standing left on winged thunderbolt; monogram & shield to left, tiny monogram between legs. SNG Cop. 119, Svoronos 553, Weiser 17.

Ex A. Reich's collection
2 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1841 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.106 Type G1, KM 387.141 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The east branch coins havea six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11
389-369 BC 41 viewsAmyntas III

Obverse:Head of Herakles wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΑΜΥΝΤΑ; Eagle right, serpent in its claws, bending down to devour it.

15.70mm 3.63gm

Sear 1512
RI 064cm img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AE Sestertius - RIC 68841 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, Laureate head right
Rev:– [P M TR P III] COS II PP / S C, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Rome, A.D. 195
References:– RIC 688 (Scarce)
RI 068p img.jpg
068 - Geta Ae AS - RIC 175a41 viewsAe AS
Obv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder & cornucopia, wheel under chair, S C in ex
References:– RIC 175a
RI 071h img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 138 (2e)41 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus standing right feeding serpent held in her arms
References:– VM 12, RIC 138 (2e) (Common), RCV02 7498, RSC 254
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13341 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
RI 087a img~0.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 07041 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMA AETERNAE, Rome in military dress, seated facing left, on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 240
Reference:– Van Meter 48, RIC 70, RSC 314
Weight 4.43 gms
Dimensions 22.96mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ar img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 359 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS SEC, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 359 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ed img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 810 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIS)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars advancing right, holding a trophy and spear
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 810 Bust type H. Not listed in Alföldi with wide ties from this officina, cf. Alföldi type 96, n° 188 (wide ties)
RI 132fy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (_ | P / XXI)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; sometimes at foot, one or two captives
Minted in Siscia (P in right field, XXI in exe.) Emission 7, Officina 1. A.D. 280.
Reference:– RIC 816 Bust type H
RI 132gk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIP)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIP in exe) Emission 3 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132ja img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right41 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Cracalla (Aged.10)41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 26a, RSC 599, BMC 114, VF, 3.67g, 17.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery1 commentsowellber
VICTORIAE BRIT - Septimius Severus41 viewsLimes Denarius, 210 ? (2.48gm)
RIC IVi.335, RCV.6385
O: Laureate head right.
R: Victory seated left on shield (or shields), resting another shield on right knee and holding palm in left.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
Paul DiMarzio
Philip Arab41 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
RIC 192b 9,28g 23mm (As)
1 commentsPriscus
RIC 0392 Domitianus41 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIGA - Free City41 viewsRIGA - Free City (1561-1581) Billon Schilling, 1575. Obv.: City gate, +CIVITATIS - RIGENSIS Rev.: City arms divide date; *MONE * NO * ARGENTEA Reference: Fedorov 615.dpaul7
138 - Magnia Urbica, Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2 343 - (Rome)41 viewsObv:– MAGN VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev:– VENVS V-I_CTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet
Minted in Rome (//KAS). A.D. 283-285
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 343. Cohen 17.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
1034cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars walking right with trophy over shoulder and spear
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 1034)
Lampsacus41 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
202cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
314-5cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Hlmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear & shield
Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 314-5)
70741 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Carausius on horseback left, captive under foot
Unmarked mint
RIC 707
712bis41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (712 bis)
1 commentsmauseus
(VI) 1441 viewsConstantius I
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
Lugdunum 7941 viewsAntoninianus
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Fides standing left with two standards
Lugdunum, -/-//III
RIC 79
2 commentsmauseus
22241 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-35 AD
AE sestertius
Laur bust right (slight drapery on left shoulder?)
Sol standing left holding whip
Rome mint
RIC 525b
1 commentsmauseus
141 viewsObverse
VI over G
Crowned 1641
ROMAE AETERNAE41 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 320
20x19mm 3.0gm
Obv. CONSTA-NTINVS AVG laur. helmet, cuir.
Rev. ROMAE AETERNAE [To everlasting Rome, fifteen yearly vows (quindecennalia)] Roma std. r., shield in lap inscribed X/V
in ex. R eros (in Greek) Q
RIC VII Rome 194 r3

This mint mark is a cryptogram, and is Greek for "eros", which in Latin is "amor". Amor spelled backwards is Roma. This may have been an attempt by the old aristocracy of Rome to use the old religion of mystery and romance to confront the pro-Christian policies of Constantine.

Page about this coin
2 commentsVictor
Roman Republic - Anonymous Issue of 115 - 114 BC - Roma seated on sheilds and helmet, she wolf before.41 viewsRoman Republic
Anonymous Issue Silver Denarius.
Rome Mint, 115 - 114 BC.

obv: Head of Roma right wearing Corinthian Helmet pushed up.

rev: Roma seated on a pile of shields holding spear, helmet below. She-wolf and twins before. Flying birds in both fields.

Weight: 3.35g - 20.59mm

Syd. 530.
6 commentsrexesq
Marcus Aurelius Sestertius41 views179-180 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII - Laureate head right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG IMP X COS III P P S-C - Virtus seated r., holding spear and parazonium.
RIC 1249.
2 commentsMinos
708a, Otho41 viewsOtho (69 A.D.)
John Donahue
College of William and Mary

In January 69 Otho led a successful coup to overthrow the emperor Galba. Upon advancing to the throne, he hoped to conciliate his adversaries and restore political stability to the Empire. These ambitions were never to be realized. Instead, our sources portray a leader never fully able to win political confidence at Rome or to overcome military anarchy abroad. As a result, he was defeated in battle by the forces of Vitellius, his successor, and took his own life at the conclusion of the conflict. His principate lasted only eight weeks.
Early Life and Career
Marcus Salvius Otho was born at Ferentium on 28 April 32 A. D. His grandfather, also named Marcus Salvius Otho, was a senator who did not advance beyond the rank of praetor. Lucius Otho, his father, was consul in 33 and a trusted administrator under the emperors Tiberius, Gaius and Claudius. His mother, Albia Terentia, was likely to have been nobly born as well. The cognomen "Otho" was Etruscan in origin, and the fact that it can be traced to three successive generations of this family perhaps reflects a desire to maintain a part of the Etruscan tradition that formed the family's background.
Otho is recorded as being extravagant and wild as a youth - a favorite pastime involved roving about at night to snare drunkards in a blanket. Such behavior earned floggings from his father, whose frequent absences from home on imperial business suggest little in the way of a stabilizing parental influence in Otho's formative years. These traits apparently persisted: Suetonius records that Otho and Nero became close friends because of the similarity of their characters; and Plutarch relates that the young man was so extravagant that he sometimes chided Nero about his meanness, and even outdid the emperor in reckless spending.
Most intriguing in this context is Otho's involvement with Nero's mistress, Poppaea Sabina, the greatest beauty of her day. A relationship between the two is widely cited in the ancient sources, but the story differs in essential details from one account to the next. As a result, it is impossible to establish who seduced whom, whether Otho ever married Poppaea, and whether his posting to Lusitania by Nero should be understood as a "banishment" for his part in this affair. About the only reliable detail to emerge is that Otho did indeed become governor of Lusitania in 59, and that he assumed the post as a quaestor, a rank below that of praetor or consul, the minimum usually required for the office. From here he would launch his initial thrust towards the imperial throne.
Overthrow of Galba
Nero's suicide in June 68 marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and opened up the principate to the prerogatives of the military beyond Rome. First to emerge was Servius Sulpicius Galba, governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who had been encouraged to revolt by the praetorians and especially by Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt and scheming praetorian prefect at Rome. By this time Otho had been in Spain for close to ten years. His record seems to have been a good one, marked by capable administration and an unwillingness to enrich himself at the expense of the province. At the same time, perhaps seeing this as his best chance to improve his own circumstances, he supported the insurrection as vigorously as possible, even sending Galba all of his gold and his best table servants. At the same time, he made it a point to win the favor of every soldier he came in contact with, most notably the members of the praetorian guard who had come to Spain to accompany Galba to Rome. Galba set out from Spain in July, formally assuming the emperorship shortly thereafter. Otho accompanied him on the journey.
Galba had been in Rome little more than two months when on 1 January 69 the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. To show that he was still in charge Galba adopted his own successor, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus, an aristocrat completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate and particularly angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered. On that same evening a powerless senate awarded Otho the imperial titles.
Otho's Principate in Rome
It is not possible to reconstruct a detailed chronology of Otho's brief eight and a half weeks as princeps in Rome (15 January-15 March). Even so, Galba's quick demise had surely impressed upon Otho the need to conciliate various groups. As a result, he continued his indulgence of the praetorian guard but he also tried to win over the senate by following a strict constitutionalist line and by generally keeping the designations for the consulship made by Nero and Galba. In the provinces, despite limited evidence, there are some indications that he tried to compensate for Galba's stinginess by being more generous with grants of citizenship. In short, Otho was eager not to offend anyone.
Problems remained, however. The praetorians had to be continually placated and they were always suspicious of the senate. On the other hand, the senate itself, along with the people, remained deeply disturbed at the manner of Otho's coming to power and his willingness to be associated with Nero. These suspicions and fears were most evident in the praetorian outbreak at Rome. Briefly, Otho had decided to move from Ostia to Rome a cohort of Roman citizens in order to replace some of Rome's garrison, much of which was to be utilized for the showdown with Vitellius. He ordered that weapons be moved from the praetorian camp in Rome by ship to Ostia at night so that the garrison replacements would be properly armed and made to look as soldierly as possible when they marched into the city. Thinking that a senatorial counter-coup against Otho was underway, the praetorians stormed the imperial palace to confirm the emperor's safety, with the result that they terrified Otho and his senatorial dinner guests. Although the praetorians' fears were eventually calmed and they were given a substantial cash payment, the incident dramatically underscored the unease at Rome in the early months of 69.
Otho's Offensive against Vitellius
Meanwhile, in the Rhineland, preparations for a march on Rome by the military legions that had declared for Vitellius were far advanced. Hampered by poor intelligence gathering in Gaul and Germany and having failed to negotiate a settlement with Vitellius in early 69, Otho finally summoned to Italy his forces for a counterattack against the invading Vitellian army. His support consisted of the four legions of Pannonia and Dalmatia, the three legions of Moesia and his own imperial retinue of about 9,000. Vitellius' own troops numbered some 30,000, while those of his two marshals, Aulus Caecina Alienus and Fabius Valens, were between 15,000 and 20,000 each.
Otho's strategy was to make a quick diversionary strike in order to allow time for his own forces to assemble in Italy before engaging the enemy. The strategy worked, as the diversionary army, comprised of urban cohorts, praetorians and marines all from Rome or nearby, was successful in Narbonese Gaul in latter March. An advance guard sent to hold the line on the Po River until the Danubian legions arrived also enjoyed initial success. Otho himself arrived at Bedriacum in northern Italy about 10 April for a strategy session with his commanders. The main concern was that the Vitellians were building a bridge across the Po in order to drive southward towards the Apennines and eventually to Rome. Otho decided to counter by ordering a substantial part of his main force to advance from Bedriacum and establish a new base close enough to the new Vitellian bridge to interrupt its completion. While en route, the Othonian forces, strung out along the via Postumia amid baggage and supply trains, were attacked by Caecina and Valens near Cremona on 14 April. The clash, know as the Battle of Bedriacum, resulted in the defeat of the Othonian forces, their retreat cut off by the river behind them. Otho himself, meanwhile, was not present, but had gone to Brixellum with a considerable force of infantry and cavalry in order to impede any Vitellian units that had managed to cross the Po.
The plan had backfired. Otho's strategy of obtaining victory while avoiding any major battles had proven too risky. Realizing perhaps that a new round of fighting would have involved not only a significant re-grouping of his existing troops but also a potentially bloody civil war at Rome, if Vitellius' troops reached the capital, Otho decided that enough blood had been shed. Two weeks shy of his thirty-seventh birthday, on 16 April 69, he took his own life.
To be sure, Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Perhaps, like Petronius, he saw it was safer to appear a profligate in Nero's court? In the final analysis, Otho proved to be an organized and efficient military commander, who appealed more to the soldier than to the civilian. He also seems to have been a capable governor, with administrative talents that recalled those of his father. Nevertheless, his violent overthrow of Galba, the lingering doubts that it raised about his character, and his unsuccessful offensive against Vitellius are all vivid reminders of the turbulence that plagued the Roman world between the reigns of Nero and Vespasian. Regrettably, the scenario would play itself out one more time before peace and stability returned to the empire.
Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue
Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.

Roman Republican denarius of Mn Cordius Rufus, 46 BC, Rome41 viewsRoman Republic
M Cordius Rufus, 46 BC
AR denarius
Crested Corinthian helmet, owl on helm
Aegis of Minerva with head of Medusa at center
Cr463/3; Syd 977
41 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé ŕ gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
5.1 Antoninus Pius Denarius,41 viewsreverse: ROMA COS IIII

Roma seated left
Roman Republic, 210-170 BC41 viewsAR Victoriatus (2.8g, 17mm, 1h). Rome mint. Struck 210-170 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter facing right.
Rev.: ROMA in ex., Victory standing right crowning trophy.
Seaby (RSC I.) Anon. 9
Charles S
L. Rubrius Dossenus (87 B.C.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: DOSSEN, Head of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN behind and below
R: L ·RVBRI, Triumphal quadriga right, thunderbolt on side-panel, small Victory on top holding wreath, L ·RVBRI in ex.
Sear 258; Crawford 348/1 RSC Rubria 1 SRCV 258

Ex. Harlan J. Berk
3 commentsMat
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,41 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/Q//--, diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-012, p-193, Göbl-242b,
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous41 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
Scipio41 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

Sear 017841 viewsJustinian I (527-565 CE) 16-nummi, Thessalonica Mint. Weight 7.0g, diameter 22mm. Abu Galyon
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196641 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.

During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Billion trachy lg module Hendy Type B (of Thessalonica) SB 205641 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ Emmanuel , bearded nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion holds scroll in l.
Reverse: Emperor stg. wearing divitision and chlamys holds labarum in r. gl. cr. in l.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1204-1224 Attributed to Boniface de Montferrat )1204-07) or Demetrius de Montferrat bu Malloy et al
Sear 2056 Hendy type B 28.5-8
26mm 2.06gm
Vologases IV41 viewstetradrachm, 147 - 191 AD
Sellwood 84.16
2 commentsRobert L3
Septimius Severus, Anchialus, Hermes seated, Æ2641 viewsTHRACE, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD.
Ć 26mm (10.73 gm).
obv: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: Hermes seated left on rocks, holding caduceus and wearing petasos.
Strack 468; BMC Thrace pg. 84, 8; SNG Copenhagen 432. VF, tan patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
Septimius Severus, Heropolis-Castabala, Dionysos, AE3141 viewsAE31, 14.6g
obv: [AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVNPOC]; emperor standing left with Nike and spear
rev: IEPOΠOΛITΩN KACTABAΛEΩN; draped bust of Dionysos right
Septimius Severus - RIC 19841 viewsSilver Denarius. 205 AD. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Anonna standing left holding corn ears over modius to left & cornucopiae. RSC 472, RIC 198Bud Stewart
004 - Septimus Severus (193-211 AD), denarius - RIC 6341 viewsObv: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, laureated bust right.
Rev: PART ARAB PART ADIAB, two bound captives each sitting on shield, between them a trophy. COS II P P in eregue.
Minted in Rome 195 AD.

This coin refer to Severus´victory over the Arabians and Adiabenians, maybe in the civil war against Pescennius Niger.
1 commentspierre_p77
Maximus, Rome mint, struck 236-238 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsMAXIMVS CAES GERM bare-headed and draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, S-C Maximus standing left
RIC 13, Cohen 14
2 commentsdupondius
Faustina II., Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Severus Alexander; Eagle standing facing, head left; AE 2441 viewsSeverus Alexander, Marcianopolis, A.D. 222-235 Ć 24, 9.7g. Rev.YP IOY GETOYLIKOY MARKIANOPOLITWN, Eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak. Varbanov 1757 Podiceps
Schjöth 1417, Hartill 17.5-6 (Type E), KM 30541 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

1 cash, 1660-1661, Jiangsu Province (Jiangning mint), 28 mm

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Ning (in Manchurian) to the left and Ning (in Chinese) to the right.

Hartill rarity 8
031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #0141 views031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #01
avers:- Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb; border of dots.
diameter:10,5mm, weight: 0,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare), mint mark: n-I (Pohl),
date: 1427-1430 A.D., ref: Unger-455i, CNH-2-128, Huszar-584,
Peloponnesus. Sikyon AR Stater (obverse)41 viewsCirca 431-400 B.C. 12.27g. BCD-189, BM-22. Obverse. Chimaera walking left. SE below. Extremely beautiful stater. Ex Berk 179th 2012 Auction, lot 131. Mint State.Jason T
Spanish Cob41 viewsPhilip III ( 1598-1621), 8 Maravedis ?Daniel F
sphinx41 viewsKaunos , 10mm , 1.4gXLi
square phocas.jpg
Phocas41 viewsJericho
Septimius Severus, Stobi41 viewsSEVERVS PIVS AVGV
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left

Victory/Nemesis in advancing left in long chiton,
turned left, wheel at her feet, holding wreath in right hand,
palm branch in left

Ae 27mm; 12.57g
Nominal III
2 commentsarizonarobin
Sulpicius Galba41 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
SWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-181841 viewsSWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-1818 Copper 1 Skilling, 1812. KM #585.dpaul7
41 viewsmarandnumiz
Theodosius Half Siliqua41 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Contemporary Alexander the Great41 viewsAlexander III
Tetradrachm ca. 336-323 BC
Tetradracma VESPASIANO RPC 1970-3_1.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)41 viewsAR Tetradracma (Provincial) 25 x 23 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AYTOK[PAT ΩP KAICAP CEBATOC OYECIIACIANOC]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ETOY [NEOY IEPOY A ó B ó Γ]" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza a izquierda, sobre un garrote con sus alas extendidas y corona de laureles en el pico.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Syria - Seleucis and Pieria - Antiochia ad Orontem

Referencias: Sear GICTV #736 Pag.70 - BMC Vol.20 #227 Pag.178 - RPC (#1970 =Ańo 1, #1971=Ańo 2 ó #1973=Ańo 3) Grupo 7 - Prieur Syro-Phoenician tatradrachms (2000) pag.20 #132 Grupo 9
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC 57.jpg
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC V/2 5741 viewsAnt, 17x19mm, 2.29g.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R; I think it was probably intended as draped and cuirassed, but there's no evidence of a cuirass.

Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 57, Common.
Thai Coca Cola41 viewsThai Coke2 commentsrexesq
Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR 8, Hemiobol41 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR Hemiobol (8mm, ca. 0.3g)
head of nymph left / dolphin left, Q-A. SNG Copenhagen 1035. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Theodosius I, Vows AE4 * 379-395 AD41 views
Theodosius I, Vows * 379-395 AD * Bronze

Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VOT / V / MVLT / X, Legend within wreath. ("I Vow five years, perhaps ten").

B(eta) SISC in exergue

Mint: Siscia

Size: 15 mm.
Weight: 1.4 grams
Patina: Medium green, flat.

RIC 29d.
Sear 4187v.
The Twelve Caesars41 viewsA denarius of each of the first 12 Caesars: Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian1 commentsLegatus
Tiberius Pax Group 141 viewsGroup 1, c. 15 - 18 A.D. Lugdunum mint.
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS; One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Legs of the throne are plain, the throne is on a raised base represented by a second line above the exergual line, no footstool.

This coin has become relatively famous, and expensive, due to the fact that Tiberius was Emperor during the entire time of Jesus ministry. Jesus’ only recorded reference to Caesar is when Pharisees, along with party followers of Herod Antipas, try to trap Jesus. Matthew 22:15-22 contains one record of the exchange.
“Teacher,” these men say, “we know you are truthful and teach the way of God in truth, and you do not care for anybody, for you do not look upon men’s outward appearance. Tell us, therefore, What do you think? Is it lawful to pay head tax to Caesar or not?”
Jesus is not fooled by the flattery. He realizes that if he says, ‘Don’t pay the tax,’ he will be guilty of sedition against Rome. If he says, ‘Yes, you should pay this tax,’ the Jews, who despise their subjugation to Rome, will hate him. So he answers: “Why do you put me to the test, hypocrites? Show me the head tax coin.”
When they bring him a denarius, he asks, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
“Caesar’s,” they reply.
“Pay back, therefore, Caesar’s things to Caesar, but God’s things to God.”

It was the governments—represented by “Caesar”— that minted these coins and helped establish their value. So in Jesus view, they had the right to ask that it be paid back in the form of taxes. At the same time, he showed that “God’s things”—our life and worship—cannot rightfully be claimed by any human institution.

Baptiste Giard divides Tiberius' PONTIF MAXIM coins (aurei and denarii), into six groups, based on what he believes is the evolution of style over time.1 To some extent the portraits also reflect Tiberius' aging over a period of about 22 years. An excellent writeup can be found at
cast copy of Tiberius, sestertius of AD 36-3741 viewscast copy of Ć sestertius (20.5g, Ř34mm, 1h), Rome mint, struck AD 36-37.
Obv.: Hexastyle temple, Concordia seated within, statues flanking and above.
Rev.: TI caesar divi AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXXIIX around large S C.
RIC 67 (R); Cohen 70; Sear (RCV 2K) 1766

Issue on the occasion of the dedication of the temple of Concordia, rebuilt by Tiberius (under Augustus) in 10 AD and celebrated by coins struck some 25 years later. The temple has flanking wings; the figures on the temple have been identified as: Concordia, seated within, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; Hercules and Mercury stand on flanking podia; Jupiter Juno, Minerva, Victories and other figures above pediment.
Charles S
Q. Titius, Ar Quinarius41 viewsObv:– Draped and winged bust of Victory right
Rev:– Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below
Minted in Rome 90 B.C.
Reference:– Sydenham 693, Crawford 431/2

Weight 1.98g. Size 14.13 mm
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius41 viewsL Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.55g; obv. Head of Tatius right, palm below chin, SABIN behind; rev. L TITVRI in exergue, Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw their shields on her. Crawford 344/2b, Syd. 699a.

Notes: ex H. D. Rauch Auction.
2 commentsBartosz A
titus as caesar annona.JPG
Titus as Caesar RIC V97241 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD
RIC V972 (C), BMC V319, RSC 17
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona, draped, seated l. on throne, adorned with corn-ears, feet on stool, holding on her lap a sack of corn-ears open, the ties, looped at one end, in her hands.

A reverse type that forms part of a new agrarian policy announcement. Both Vespasian and Titus issued many reverses during this era that seems to have promoted the new programme.

I like the portrait on this coin, which is why it has found a place in my collection. The toning is very pleasant in hand also.
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint.JPG
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint41 viewsAE 26, Tiberias mint under Agrippa II 55-95 AD
Obverse: KAICAP CEBAC AVTOKP TITOC, Laureate head of Titus right
Reverse: ETO-KS BA / A (Gamma)PI-(Pi Pi)A, Nike standing right with wreath and palm.
26 mm, 13.2 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Titus Caesarea Maritima W/Countermark41 viewsTitus, 79-81 AD, Ae 21.6 mm, 7.09 g. Caesarea Maritima Mint
O: Laureate head of Titus right, Greek text ΑYTΟΚΡ TΙT ΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ around.
R: Nike right, left foot on helmet, writing AY T KAIC with right hand upon shield, hanging from palm tree. Greek text IΟΥΔΑΙΑΣ ΕΑΛWΚΥΙΑΣ around w/ countermark. Rare with countermark.
Hendin 1446 (prev. Hendin 743). AJC II supplement VII, 2.

Caesarea Maritima, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus, the Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
Titus RIC 3841 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus RIC 3041 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 30 (C), BMC 15, RSC 274
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Trophy, below captive kneeling r.

A 'Capta' type that may alternately be a Judaea or Britannia type. Mattingly in the BMCRE (BMC 2.xli) interprets these types of Titus as Augustus as referring to Britannia and Agricola's campaigns in Northern England and Scotland. Jane M. Cody in the book 'Flavian Rome' (pg. 111) agrees with Mattingly, citing the differences in shield and trophy designs with the standard Judaea Capta types. Confusingly, Mattingly states that this type issued for Titus as Caesar under Vespasian refers to Judaea while Cody believes both issues were minted for victories in Britain because of identical composition and detail.

Personally I think it commemorates the victories in Britain. It would be odd if the Flavian expansion going on in that province was not celebrated on the coinage.

A nice example with a slightly off-center obverse, but featuring a very pleasing portrait.
LUCIUS VERUS41 viewsAR denarius. 163-165 AD. 3,82 grs. Laureate head right. L.VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS. /
Roma in military attire advancing left holding Victory and trophy. TR P V IMP II COS II.
RIC 537. RSC 270 a.
1 commentsbenito
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis AMNG 361941 viewsPhilipp II AD 244-246
AE 27, 11.91g
confronted busts of Philipp II and Serapis
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (WC ligated)
Homonoia, in himation and long chiton, wearing kalathos, std. frontal, head l.,
holding Patera in extended r. hand and Cornucopiae with crab(?) in r. arm
Regling, AMNG I, 2, p.913, no.3619 (attr. by Pat Lawrence)
rare, F+/about VF

One of the latest provincial coins of Tomis.
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, RIC II 523, Rome, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, 41 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, RIC II 523, Rome, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, holding palm and erecting trophy.
exerg: -/-//SC, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-523-p-281, C-445,
Trajan Deicus--Ric16b.jpg
250 AD - Trajan Decius - 249-251 - Ric 016b - Genius41 viewsIMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG - Radiate, draped, and curaissed bust right
GENIVSEXERCILLVRICIANI - Genius standing Left, holding patera and cornucopia, standard on right.

Rome Mint, RIC 16(b)
1 commentsjimwho523
Emperor Trajan Denarius41 viewsIMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, drapery at shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Annona standing with cornucopiae, modius & basket at feet. RIC 166. 1 commentsStuart Francis
Tralles; AE 15.0; Head of Zeus right/ ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing left41 viewsTralles, Lydia. Second - first century B.C. AE 2.46g, 15.0mm. Head of Zeus laureate r. ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing l. BMC 336, 63; Copenhagen 667. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Trebonianus Gallus41 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
Tripolis; AE24, Head of Herakles r./ Artemis walking r.41 viewsTripolis, Lydia, Imperial times, AE 24.0mm, 5.97g. ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Head of Herakles r. / ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Artemis walking r. BMC 369, 37. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs41 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
4 commentsrexesq
Constantine II AE Follis.41 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

laureate head right

CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X within wreath, large dot

RT in exergue.

3 commentsWill Hooton
Unlisted Ticinum.JPG
Constantine The Great, Ticinum, Unlisted41 viewsAE3, Ticinum Mint, 307-337 AD
Obverse: CONSTANTIN(VS AVG), Draped and cuirassed bust left in high crested helmet.
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAET PP, Two victories holding shield inscribed VOT / PR over alter
TT in exergue
17mm, 3.4gm

Bust type, obverse and reverse legend all unlisted in RIC for Ticinum VLPP coins.
Jerome Holderman
UR SMHE star.jpg
SMHε*41 viewsAE3 Follis, 2.70 g, 19 mm, 11 h

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε*

Heralcea mint

Vrbs Roma - Arles41 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=18mm p=2,70g
Valens 111a.jpg
Valens, RIC unknown41 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Emperor advancing right holding labarum and dragging captive.
Exe: unknown
Date: 364-378 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: unknown

VALENS-341 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM Emperor walking right head turned back grasping bound captive at top of head with right hand holding banner with "Chi Rho"

Exe: branchrightBSISC Siscia mint

Ref: Rix IX 5b type iii 2.3g 17mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
Valentinian III, Castrorvm Ianva, Roma41 viewsantvwala
VALENTINIAN II AE4, RIC 63a, Vota41 viewsOBV: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: VOT/X/MVLT/XX, four lines in wreath
1.7g, 11mm

Minted at Constantinople, 383-8 AD
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2541 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
VESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD41 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / Palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right foot on helmet (or globe?), holding spear and parazonium; to right, Jewess seated right beneath palm-tree in attitude of mourning. RIC II 363; Hendin 763; RPC II 1930; BMCRE 511; RSC 6452 commentsAdrian W
Vespasian41 viewsVESPASIAN AE sestertius. Rome mint, 71 AD. IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right. Reverse - MARS VICTOR S-C, Mars advancing left, holding Victory and trophy. RIC (new) 238. 32mm, 23.6g. 1 commentsSoxfan
vespa dup2.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AE dupondius - struck 74 AD41 viewsobv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM TR COS V CENS (radiate head left)
rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA / S.C. (Felicitas standing left holding caduceus & cornucopiae)
ref: RIC II 555, C.152 (2frcs), BMC698
mint: Rome
11.42gms, 26mm
1 commentsberserker
Vespasian 1.jpg
09 Vespasian41 viewsDenarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right / SALVS AVG, Salus seated left holding patera. RIC 67, RSC431. Weight 3.34 g. Die Axis 6 hr.
2 commentsmix_val
Vespasian RIC II 155841 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.94 g., 15.5m, 6h). Obv: [IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: Palm tree, to left, Vespasian standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, to right, Judaea standing right. RIC II 1558. Ex CNG.

A Judaea Capta type from the Syrian mint of Antioch, this type shows the typical high relief portrait of that mint. The palm represents the Roman province of Judaea, and this coin commemorates the Flavian’s greatest victory, that over Judaea in 70 A.D., a theme that pervaded the reigns of Vespasian and Titus.
3 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 112441 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas H
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS - Constantine I41 viewsAE Follis, London, 310 - 312
4.74gm, 21mm
O: Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear over right shoulder, shield on left arm.
Rx: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Prince standing facing, head left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left reversed spear.

RIC VI.228 (R), ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS41 viewsObv: Emperor - Rev.: Pax. Cologne mint. 268-270 A.D. Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. Rev.: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding nolive branch and scepter.dpaul7
Victorinus41 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
RV: Fides stg. holding two ensigns.
Ex: -
Julianus of Pannonia
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOT/IS/XX - Constantine I41 viewsAE3, London, 323 - 324
2.86gm, 19mm
O: Helmeted, cuirassed bust Right.
R: Globe on altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX in three lines; above, three stars.

RIC VII.268 (R3), ex. Mike Fox
Paul DiMarzio
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6941 viewsĆ as (9.5g, Ř28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Vitellius, RIC 162, As of AD 6941 viewsĆ Dupondius (10.5g, Ř27mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS GERMA IMP AVG P M TR P, laureate draped bust of Vitellius facing right.
Rev.: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI (around) S C (in ex.), Concordia seated left holding cornucopiae and offering from a patera over an ornamented altar.
RIC 162
ex Numismatik Lanz (via eBay, 2008)
Charles S
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Siscia 5541 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 318-19
IMP CONSTANT-INVS AVG high crested helmet, cuir., spear across right shoulder.
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP[ Joyous (well-earned) victory to the eternal Prince] two Victories stg., facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)] on altar.
RIC VII Siscia 55 r4

My Constantine Website
Vot 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm41 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; laur. bust r., ribbon across shoulder.
.ASIS. in exergue.
RIC VII, 143 (Rare 3)
If you're collecting L Jr., note the "ribbon" on the obverse as well as the "CAES" vs "C"; and also the Rx legend in three lines; it's the small details like these that add up to the correct attribution. ;-)
This is one of my very favorite L Jr. issues from the mint of Siscia; lots of silvering still intact!
1 commentsMayadigger
Vrbs Roma - Arles41 views(P or S)CONST - Chi-rho between stars
Ric IX Arles 400 R3 or R4
d=14mm p=0,80g
1 commentsantvwala
040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0141 views040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Vespasian: 69 - 79AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Elagabalus from Panias41 viewsElagabalus --AE25, Caesaria Panias. R: Pan standing with three goats, all sharing a common head. cf. Meshorer, Ya'akov, Coins of Caesarea Panias, in Israel Numismatic Journal 8, 1984-85, page 57 no. 59 (Julia Soaemias). Thanks to David Hendin and Pat Lawrence for assistance on attribution!featherz
Republic, Quartuncia40 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Tiberius AE As40 viewsRIC I 44, C 25, BMC 91
10.07 g, 29 mm
Mark Z2
Carinus40 viewsCarinus Antoninians
23 mm 3.95 gm
Laureate bust right
Aeternitas stg l, hldg Phoenix on globe
John Campbell
Traianus denarius40 viewsTrajan, 98 - 117 AD. Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. RV:SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, dacian captive seated right on pile of arms.
C.118, RIC 96, BMC 385.
1 commentsNico
MACRINUS40 viewsAE 27. Nikopolis. 217-218 AD. 12,38 grs. Statius Longinus, legate. Laureate head right. AVT K M OΠEΛΛI CEV MAKPEINOC AVΓ. /
Nemesis standing left, holding scales and measuring rod, wheel at feet left. VΠ CTATI ΛONΓIOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ.
Moushmov 1265 (variant). Hristova/Jekov No. (same dies)).
Maroneia, Thrace40 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
Macrinus, Bronze40 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
03. Alexander the Great.40 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
1 commentsCallimachus
Gordian III, Denarius 40 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm40 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #0140 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, B-P, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: B-P (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525b, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,40 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left, 40 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left,
avers:- AY-Λ-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The emperor with short tunic, standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27 mm, weight:10,42g, axis:6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Faustinianus., date: A.D., ref: Varb-1-791-p-117,
1 franc Bazor 1944 petit c40 viewsAluminium, 23 mm
Réfs : F. 223.6
053. Manuel I, 1143-1180. BI Trachy.40 viewsObv. Mary facing
Rev. Manuel standing.
Radiated head right

Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae

Antoninianus struck in Rom
24 mm - 3.79 g -- axis 170°

RIC. Cohen.5

very large flan , traces of incuse portrait on reverse
full silvering
1 commentsgb29400
Histiaia, Euboia40 views196 - 146 B.C.
Silver Tetrobol
2.42 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine
Rev.: Nymph seated upon a stern of galley, ornamented with wing, holding naval standard,
AΓ monogram and bipennis axe below.
IΣTI - AIEΩN left mirrored
BMC 8 p.130, 60;
Sear 2496-98 v.
2 commentsJaimelai
Trajan Decius (?), Antioch, Syria, Tyche seated in temple reverse, 15.66g, 28.8mm, 0o40 views1 commentsareich
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis40 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #240 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- No legend, Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear, S-C across the field.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,1g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-128, p-126, Scarce!,
1 commentsquadrans
Jovian AD 363-364 Sirmium (BSIRM)40 viewsObv: DNIOVIA-NVSPFAVG
1 commentsLaetvs
Carabela Santa Maria40 viewsModel of the Carabela Santa Maria,
self-made, took me a few years for the completion.
5 commentsJuancho
Demetrius Poliorketes 40 viewsDemetrius Poliorketes AE17. Monogram of Demetrius in center of a Macedonian shield / BA - SI to either side of a crested Macedonian helmet with cheek flaps. 4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constans40 viewsBetter photo

Constans AE 3
CONSTANS P F AVG, laureate & rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, O on banner. Mintmark: A SIS star
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Romulus and Remus40 views2 commentssimmurray
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I AV Tremissis40 viewsRIC X 611, Depeyrot 93/3 Constantinople (first reign)
15 mm, 1.46 g, 6h
D N LEO PE-RPET AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath in right hand and globe in left hand; star in right
CONOB in exergue
Mark Z
Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople40 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
Anonymous AE Semis40 viewsAnonymous AE Semis. Circa 211 BC. Laureate Bust of Saturn right, S behind / Prow right, S above. Cr56/3; Syd143. 8.79g, 23mm.
Very Good.

Ex Roma Numismatics
124- Vespasian Dup. RIC 478.JPG
Vespasian Dup. RIC 47840 viewsAE Dupondius , 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right.
Rev: SC, Victory flying to left holding shield inscribed SPQR.
28 mm , 9.6 gm.
RIC 478-1, Cohen 464.
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Æ Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD.40 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Ć Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopiae. RIC IV 168a; Cohen 26. VF, green patina under dusty overtones, minor encrustation on jowl.1 commentssseverus
125- Constantius Hoc Signo.JPG
Constantius Hoc Signo40 viewsAE2 , Siscia mint
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, Diademmed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind star before.
Rev: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor standing holding labarum and scepter, being crowned from behind by Victory. A in left field.
.(gamma) SIS. in exergue. RIC 286
22mm, 4.3gm.
Mark Antony & Octavian Denarius (Syd 1181; RCV 1504)40 viewsMark Antony & Octavian, Silver Denarius, mint of Ephesus, 41 B.C. 3.55g

Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P, head of Antony right

Rev. CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C, head of Octavian right

12h (Cr 517/2; Syd 1181; RCV 1504). Small banker’s mark on obverse, attractive old iridescent cabinet tone, nearly extremely fine.

Ex. Baldwin & Sons
5 commentsKained but Able
1503a, Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.40 viewsGratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D. Bronze AE 3, F, 2.352g, 19.13mm, 0o. Obverse: emperor's diadmed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor draging captive, * in left field.

Gratian, son of Valentinian I, became the sole ruler of the Western empire in 375 A.D., and after the catastrophic defeat of the Roman forces at Hadrianopolis the Eastern empire also came under his rule. To better cope with the empire, he elevated general Theodosius to the Eastern throne. Because of a shortage of coinage to meet the payroll, Gratian was abandoned by his troops during the revolt of Magnus Maximus. He was overtaken and killed while fleeing to the Alps.
Marco Vipsanio Agrippa (asse, conio Caligola) 38 d.C.40 viewsMarco Vipsanio Agrippa, amico di Augusto, nonno di Caligola, parente di Nerone
Asse, coniato sotto Caligola nel 38 d.C. , zecca di Roma
AE, 9.477 gr, 29.1 mm, 180°, F (MB)
D/ M AGRIPPA L F COS III, testa a sx
R/ Nettuno con delfino e tridente, S C
RIC Caligola 58, S 556
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (13 novembre 2007, numero catalogo 106); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2007)
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)40 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
15088LG.jpg blk.jpg
IONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD. Æ 15mm.40 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD.
Ć 15mm (2.76 gm).
Obv: The River-God Meles reclining left, holding reed
Rev: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
SNG Copenhagen 1301; Klose pg. 178, Gruppe B (V2/R-).
2 commentsJericho
Constantius II AD 337-361 Sirmium (SIRM) 40 viewsObv: DNCONSTAN-TIVSPFAVG
Rev: Victory with Two Wreaths,
2 commentsLaetvs
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS Legio IIII Flavia Felix40 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 193-211 AD. AR Denarius - 17mm (3.03 g). Struck 193 AD. Laureate head right / LEG IIII FL, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards. RIC IV 8; BMCRE pg. 616, 10a; RSC 264. VF, obverse a little rough.
40 views171. Silver denarius, 18mm, 3.60g, Rome 13 - 18 September 96 A.D.; IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XVI laureate head right
IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva 4; RIC -, RSC -; Ex. DooCollect

Struck in the final week of Domitian's reign. Since he became emperor on 13 September 81 A.D., at the same date he received his first tribunician office which was renewed yearly. He reached TR P XV on 13 September 96, but five days later he was murdered. Of course, not many coins could have been struck in such a short period and much less survived to our time. The M4 type was not discovered in time for inclusion in Ian Carradice's thesis in late 70's and the coin here appears to be unique.
GORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus.40 viewsGORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.78 g). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Mars walking right, holding spear and shield. RIC IV 147; RSC 160. EF
1 commentssseverus
Julius Caesar denarius40 viewsDate: 44 BC
Mint: Galia
Obverse: Elephant trampling a snake and CAESAR
Reverse: Pontificisl Emblems

Ex Elaine Fantham collection, pic made by CNG.
1 commentsXulodue
Byzantine Lead Seal, 7th-9th Century40 viewsObv: Cruciform Invocative Monogram Atop Large Wreath
Rev: Five-Line Inscription
25 x 20 mm
Poland. Johann Casimir. 1648 - 1668. Copper solidus 1667.40 viewsPoland. Johann Casimir. 1648 - 1668. Copper solidus 1667. IOAN CAS REX, bust right / crowned eagle with arms on breast.

KM 13
German States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797.40 viewsGerman States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797. FRIDERICHVS WILHELM.BORUSS REX 1797, bust right / GROSSUS BORUS MERIDIUNA, crowned arms flanked by branches.

KM 2.1
Great Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 182540 viewsGreat Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 1825. GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA, laureate head left / BRITTANNIAR REX. FID. DEF, Brittannia seated right holding trident and resting right hand on shield.

KM 677 (date on reverse)
4,300,000 minted
German States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 183140 viewsGerman States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 1831. Crowned arms / value and date.

KM 384
France. Aluminum-bronze 50-Centimes 1932.40 viewsFrance. Aluminum-bronze 50-Centimes 1932. REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, laureate head left / LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, value and date between cornucopiae.

KM 894.1
1936 GEORGE V AE FARTHING40 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1936 in exergue.
SPINK: 4061

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.

On January 20th this year, King George V died, his death hastened by his physician who administered a lethal injection to him. George V was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, but in December, Edward signed an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere witnessed by his three brothers. Prince Albert became King, reigning as King George VI.
No coins were issued for Edward VIII, the types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck until the coronation of George VI in 1937.

This was the year that Construction of Hoover Dam was completed and Margaret Mitchell's novel Gone with the Wind was first published.

In August, the 1936 Summer Olympics opened in Berlin, Germany, and marked the first live television coverage of a sports event in world history. The BBC launched the world's first regular television service in November.

In London, the famous Crystal Palace, built for the 1851 Great Exhibition, was destroyed in a fire.

Polaroid sunglasses and Ambre Solaire sunblock were both first marketed this year.

Rudyard Kipling, the British writer; Ivan Pavlov, the Russian psychologist, and Louis Blériot, the French aviation pioneer all died in this year.

1967 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY40 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA.F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1967 in exergue.
SPINK: 4157

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the Queen's bust.
This was the last year of issue of the "Britannia" penny (other than a proof version dated 1970) prior to the introduction of decimal coinage in Britain in 1971. It was struck in enormous numbers to satisfy the large, mainly speculative, demand for the coin.

The U.S. astronauts, Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White and Roger Chaffee were killed when fire broke out aboard their Apollo 1 spacecraft during a launch pad test.

The Jungle Book, the last animated film personally supervised by Walt Disney was released on October 18th of this year.

The first automatic cash machine (ATM) was installed on June 27th of this year, in the office of Barclay’s Bank in Enfield, England.

On June 25th, 400 million viewers watched the first live, international, satellite television production. It was called “Our World” and featured the live debut of the Beatles’ song, “All you need is Love”.

The world’s first heart transplant was carried out by Dr Christiaan Barnard at Groot Schuur Hospital, Cape Town on December 3rd of this year.

On December 11th, at Toulouse in France, the supersonic airliner Concorde was unveiled.

1 comments*Alex
Giustiniano I (527-565 d.C.), tremisse 40 viewsTremisse, zecca di Constantinopoli (527-565 d.C.)
AU, 1.47g, 17mm.
D/ DNIVSTINI ANVSPPAVG, busto diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Vittoria che avanza, regge una corona nella dx e un globo crucigero nella sx, * a dx, CONOB in ex.
Sear 145; DO 19 (catalogo Dumbarton Oaks curato da Philip Grierson); MIB 19; BMC 22-24.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 dicembre 2010, numero catalogo 119); ex Artemide aste (San Marino; asta 5E 2010, lotto 1296).
Identificata e discussa su e su Forum ancient coins nel dicembre 2010
3. Malichus II 40-70 AD and Queen Shuqailat II40 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,140A, SNG ANS 1444
Obv: Jugate busts of Malichus II and Shuqailat II-Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Malichus/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
Size: AE16mm
1 commentsbrian l
20- Maximinus RIC 16.JPG
Maximinus RIC 1640 viewsAR Denarius, 235-238 AD , Rome Mint.
Obv- IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Bust style-1
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory Right with wreath and palm.
RIC 16
1 commentsjdholds
Julia Domna, Antioch40 viewsAntioch, Pisidia

draped bust right

Fortuna standing right holding branch and cornucopia

Krzyzanowska, Domna Group A, pp. 147-9, pl. X; SNG von Aulock 4930
wildwinds example (this coin)
Ae 22mm; 4.87g
5 commentsRobin Ayers
209 Probus~0.jpg
Probus, RIC 155, Rome40 viewsObv: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
Bust: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Emperor riding left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left. Captive at foot right.
Exe: R thunderbolt Zeta
Date: 276-282 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
212- Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius.JPG
Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius40 viewsAE Sestertius, 184-185 AD
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT. Laureate head right.
Reverse: P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P S-C, Victory seated right on pile of arms, inscribing sheild on her knee. VICT BRIT in exergue.
Cohen 946; RIC 452; BMC 560
28mm , 20.7 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Follis Licinius I40 viewsFollis de Licinius, Héraclée, 313/314 – RIC.6 (R3).
Avers: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG buste lauré ŕ droite.
Revers: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG Jupiter nu debout ŕ gauche tenant une victoire sur un globe et un sceptre long ; ŕ ses pieds ŕ gauche un aigle tient une couronne dans son bec, B dans le champ, SMHT ŕ l’exergue.
1 commentsRoger D2
279 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 352 or 361, Siscia40 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Bust: Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Soldier spearing fallen horseman. FH3 - reaching
Exe: ASIS (zigzag)
Date: 351-361 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated: "C3"
304 Constantine II.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 253, Siscia40 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Two soldiers standing to either side of one standard
Exe: Epsilon SIS
Date: 330-340 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VII 253
Rated "R3"
ADRIANO, Side Panfilia, AE19, 117-138 d.C.40 viewsBronzo AE 19, zecca di Side, 117-138 d.C., Adriano
3.692 gr, 19.0 mm, 0°, B+
D/ KAICAP ADPIANOC, testa laureata a dx
R/ CIDHTWN, Atena che avanza a sx tenendo melograno e scudo, serpente a sinistra ai piedi.
SNG France 798, Lindgren 1160
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (25 febbraio 2008, numero catalogo 81); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
Constantius II40 viewsO: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Emperor facing r., rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, , Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing fallen horsemen; shield on ground at r. Horseman wears pointed cap, turns to face soldier and extends l. arm.
Ex. Gamma SIS zigzag
18mm 2.46g RIC VIII Siscia 362 355-361 A.D.
1673 Maundy Threepence40 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
.16 73.

1 commentsrexesq
Interregnum, Macedonia40 viewsBronze coin
Macedonian shield with gorgoneion.
3.94 gram
16.9 mm
AMNG 174, 7
1 commentscwonsidler
15 Hadrian40 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used is for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
3 commentsSosius
Nero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint40 viewsNero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint
Obv:bust r. in front star
Rev:Human to r,foot on prow holding in l sceptre.
Caria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C., Silver tetartemorion40 viewsCaria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Silver tetartemorion, uncertain mint
0.231g, 6.4mm, 90°
Obv.: forepart of roaring lion left
Rev.: bird standing right within incuse square, pellet lower left and upper right
SNG Turkey I 940

Roman Republic, C. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus, 82 BC40 viewsC. Mamilius C.f. Limetanus. Silver Denarius (3.81 g), 82 BC. Rome. Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; behind, A above caduceus. Reverse : C MAMIL LIME(TA)N, Odysseus (Ulysses in Latin form) advancing right, holding staff and extending hand to his dog Argus, coming to greet him. Crawford 362/1; Sydenham 741; Mamilia 6.

The types on this coin allude to the moneyer's claim to descent from Telegonus, son of Ulysses/Odysseus and Circe, and hence from the god Mercury. When Odysseus returns home after twenty years disguised as a beggar and his old dog, who had been neglected, is the only one who recognizes him.

Nikomedes II40 viewsNikomedes II Tetradrachm
35 mm 15.65 gm
Diademed head right
Zeus standing left, wreath in right, scepter in left, in inner left field eagle on thunderbolt over monogram and NP
4 commentsKoffy
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I40 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
AE-Bug, #12,40 viewsAE-Bug, #12,
size: 11-13,5mm,
weight: 1,95g,
Agrippa40 viewsAgrippa, as (struck under Caligula).
Son-in-law of Augustus.
RIC 58.
11,37 g, 28-29 mm.
Rome, 37-41 A.D.
Obv. M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head of Agrippa left wearing rostral crown.
Rev. S C either side of Neptune standing left holding dolphin and trident.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a renowned Roman general and close friend of Octavian (Augustus). As general, Agrippa defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. In 21 B.C., Augustus married his own daughter Julia to Agrippa. By Julia, Agrippa had two daughters, Vipsania Julia Agrippina and Vipsania Agrippina maior, and three sons, Gaius, Lucius and Agrippa Postumus.
1 commentsMarsman
Aizanoi pseudo-autonomous AE2440 viewsAizanoi, Phrygia, pseudo-autonomous AE24, 3. Century AD.
Obv: IEPA BOVΛH, laureate and draped bust of Boulé right.
Rev: AIZANЄΩN, turreted Cybele seated right, holding patera and tympanon; lion at her feet.
24 mm, 5.11 g
SNG Aul. 3339
Alexander the Great40 viewsIssuer: Alexander III "the Great"
Date ruled: 336-323 BC

Date struck: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Mint: Amphipolis, Macedon

Denomination: Tetradrachm
Reference: Price 13

Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.2 g

Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field

Appears in: Lighting - which one's better?

Click here to see the new photo. (Please comment/rate there.)
4 commentsViriathus
Egypt, Alexandria, Antoninus Pius, Dattari 2368 cf.40 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE - Billon-tetradrachm, 23mm, 13.9g
AD 143/144 (year 7)
Head, laureate, r.
rev. Bearded Serapis, in himation and wearing kalathos, std. l. on throne, holding
sceptre in l. hand and holding r. hand over Kerberos, std. l. at his feet; on the
back of the throne a small Nike advancing r., holding wreath in raised hand.
in the field L - Z (year 7)
Köln 1443; Dattari cf.2368 (position of date); SNG Copenhagen cf.448f. (without Nike)
about VF
Alexius 1 Comnenus40 viewsHard pressed by Turkish invaders, Alexius 1 asked the Pope for help. The result was the First Crusade which succeeded in capturing the Holy Land. If not for the Crusade, Constantinople might have fallen and Europe would be in danger. goldcoin
40 viewsRugser
(0491 ) ANASTASIUS40 views491 - 518 AD
STRUCK 498 - 518 (5th Officina)
AE FOLLIS 32 mm 15.64 g
O: D N ANASTA SIVS P P AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: Large M (mark of value); star to left and right, cross above, below, CON IN EXE.
DOC 23i; MIBE 27; SB 19

021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !40 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !
avers:- .
revers:- .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica40 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
bust of Roma left in plumed helmet, imperial cloak & ornamental mantle
Rev: wolf & twins left, 2 stars above
SMALDin ex.
17mm 2.6gm
Denarius Anonym "Gens"240 viewsMint:Roma
211/206 BC
moneta romana
Antiochos VIII tetradrachm40 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 15.86 g, 12h). Ake-Ptolemais mint. Struck circa 121/0-113 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Ouranios standing left; monogram to outer left; all within wreath. SC 2336.2a; HGC 9, 1197h2 commentsareich
Antiochus II40 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Newell ESM 189, SNG Spaer 390, Houghton 963, VF/F, Seleucia on Tigris mint, 16.55g, 29.5mm, 90o, c. 255-246 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochus I right; reverse , Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow with right, resting left hand on grounded bow, monogram outer left, monogram outer rightJay G
Antioch S & P Syria Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin40 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD Antioch Mint S &P Syria
Bronze 23 mm 5.3 gram coin
Obverse: Bust right. Reverse: AE within wreath _2000

Antonivs Protti
Antonia/Claudius mule40 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Bare head of Antonia right

Ceres enthroned left holding corn ears and torch

Provincial mint? 41-2 AD

Die axis 180

Obverse Sear 1902 or 1903, RIC 92 or 104
Reverse Sear 1855 or 1856, RIC 94 or RIC 110


An interesting and rare dupondius. The obverse from Claudius in honor of his mother Antonia, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. The reverse is from a dupondius of Claudius. Both dies were in use at the same time giving rise to speculation, was this an "official" mistake from the mint or is this an ancient counterfeit? Style suggests a Provincial mint.

Encrustations and some bronze disease on the obverse is being treated.
1 commentsJay GT4
Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm40 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm40 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Phrygia, Apameia, pseudo-autonomous, BMC 9040 viewsAE 19, 3.29g
struck c. 3rd century AD
obv. DH - MOC
Bust of Demos, bearded, draped, laureate(?), r.
rev. APA - MEW - N (starting right above)
Marsyas, nude, nebris flowing behind him, advancing r., playing double
BMC 90; SNG Copenhagen 200

Marsyas playing the auloi, the typical double-flute. Actually the auloi was not a simple flute but a tongued instrument so more like an oboe. Both parts often were tuned in the distance of an octave but that could be changed. Here you can clearly see the grip holes.
2 commentsJochen
AS Gordiano III RIC 306b.jpg
69-35 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)40 viewsAE AS 23 x 24 mm 10.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[P M TR] P IIII COS II P P - S C" - Emperador con vestido militar de pié a derecha, portando una lanza transversal con mano derecha y globo en mano de brazo izquierdo extendido.

Acuńada 9na. Emisión de 241 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #306b Pag.49 - Sear RCTV (1988) #2499 var - Cohen Vol.V #255 Pag.46 - DVM #120 var Pag.226
18-26 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)40 viewsAE AS 25 x 27 mm 9.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AVGVST - S C" - Aequitas (Equidad) de pié a izq. sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cetro en izquierda.

Acuńada 76 - 78 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #580a Pag.83 - RIC2 #890 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #2356 var Pag.445 - BMCRE #724 - Cohen Vol.1 #4 Pag.369 - DVM #91 Pag.103 - CBN #755/6
40 viewsAE As -169-158 BC (Grueber 196/173 BC)
VALERIVS - Gens Valeria
Obv.: Laureate head of Janus, I above.
Rev.:Ship's prow right, VAL in monogram above, I before, ROMA below.
Gs. 15,5 mm. 30,9
Craw. 191/1, Sear RCV 710, BMRCC 545.
1 commentsMaxentius
40 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Augustus AE18 of Philippi, Macedonia40 viewsAugustus AE18
43 BC - 14 AD
Philippi, Macedonia
Victory on column right, holding wreath and palm
Cohortis Praetor of Philippi; Three standards
Moushmov 6919, SGI 32
Augustus 4.jpg
Augustus As40 viewsAE As - Posthmous issues by Tiberius.
Obv: DIVVS AVGUSTVS PATER; rad. hd. of Augustus left.
Rev: S C ; eagle on globe
Cohen 247
1 commentsTanit
augustus berytos AE22.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE22 of Berytus 40 viewsobv: IMP.CAES AVGVSTVS (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: COL.IVL (founder plowing with two oxen, left)
ref: BMC 52, RPC 4540,
mint: Berytus
8.45gms, 22mm

Colony Berytus (modern Beirut) in Phoenicia. Augustus sent to it part of the veterans takens from two legions (V Macedonica and VIII Augusta) as a reinforcement to the first military settlers of Julius Caesar.

Rev. SC winged thunderbolt

Copper as.
Issued under Tiberius in honour of Augustus
Titus Pullo
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), AE-As, RIC I 081, Rome, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #340 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), AE-As, RIC I 081, Rome, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #3
avers:- DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-:-PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 9,85g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
Gaul, Aulerci Eburovices electrum Hemistater (60-50 BC)40 viewso/ Stylized human head left, hair represented by three parallel lines; behind, a serie of dots and a little cross; below, a jewel; beaded cord around the cheek and a small boar upside down at the base of the neck
r/ Stylized horse leaping left, with the remains of the auriga above the horse, a boar left between the legs, a sort of Y before the horse's chest.
Titulature avers : Anépigraphe.
Description avers : Tęte humaine stylisée ŕ gauche, les cheveux figurés par trois lignes parallčles ; derričre, séries de globules et une croisette ; au-dessous, un fleuron ; cordon perlé entourant la joue ; un petit sanglier ŕ l’envers ŕ la base du cou.
Titulature revers : Anépigraphe.
Description revers : Cheval stylisé bondissant ŕ gauche, avec les restes de l'aurige au-dessus du cheval ; un sanglier ŕ chauche entre les jambes ; une sorte de Y devant le poitrail du cheval.
Extremely rare (horse left).
Evreux area, Eure (Northwest France)
19mm. 2.79g
DT 2406
Ex Numisnormandie (Emmanuel Lecoeur)
3 commentsAugustin Caron
Aurelian40 viewsSilvered Antoninianus 22 mm 3.3 g 270-275 AD
OBV :: IMP C AURELIANVS AVG. Radiated and cuirassed bust right
REV :: SOLI INVICTO. Sol standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe. Captif seated left with star above him
RIC 390
RIC rated Common
from uncleaned lot 03/2007
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, -/-/AXXIR, ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, #240 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, -/-/AXXIR, ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, #2
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS-AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and seated captive, both head turned back; the captive on the left is in oriental dress, the captive on the right is bearded and in Gallic costume. (Sol 2e)
exerg: -/-/AXXIR, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, ph-, off-1, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1790 (Estiot), RIC V-I 63, p-,
Bactria Dracma Menander.jpg
Reino Greco-Bactriano – Menandro (160 - 145 A.C.)40 viewsAR Dracma 17 x 15 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: :"BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHρOΣ MENANΔρOY" - Busto coronado con diadema del Rey, vestido con manto viendo a derecha.
Rev: : Athena Alkidemos (Atenea) blandiendo rayo y portando un escudo en el que se observa perfectamente la cabeza de la Gorgona. Monograma a la derecha del campo y leyendas Maharajasa tratasa Menandrasa escritas en jaroshti, que indican lo mismo del anverso. Monograma en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada: 160 – 145 A.C.
Ceca: Bactria o Bactriana (norte de los actuales Afganistán, Pakistán e India).

Referencias: RS #261 – Sear GCTV Vol.2 #7600 Pag.716 - HD #4110 – Mitchiner #215t – B.M.C. (India) #15 Pag.45 – SNGFab #474 - SNG Vol.VII #1404 var. - SNG Cop.#290
1 commentsmdelvalle
Barbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #340 viewsBarbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #3
avers:- II...III, Bare headed and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- I..I, Geometrical, figures,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 1,64g, axes: 9h,
mint: Sarmata ???, date: , ref: ,
distribution: ,
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,40 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Phoenicia, Berytos, Elagabal, SNG Copenhagen 11840 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 12.47g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Poseidon, in himation, advancing r., head l., holding his trident in l. arm, raising
the nymph Beroe, kneeling l. before him, looking up to him; the nymph, in
transparent chiton, scooping water with a jar, the l. hand raised in defense.
SNG Copenhagen 118; BMC 183; Lindgren II, 120, 2268
Very rare, about EF, chocolate-brown patina

The group of statues from the rev. decorates the pedimentum of the main temple of the city of Berytos, todays Beirut in Liban. For the love of Beroe have struggled Poseidon and Dionysos until Zeus ended the battle and gave Beroe to Poseidon who gave the city the honor to win each naval battle.
For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
1 commentsJochen
D5. Parium Mysia, Silver Hemidrachm40 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Gorgoneion with protruding tongue.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Incuse square containing cruciform pattern with pellet at center.
2.8 gm, 11 mm
Comment: I judged this little coin to be a modern forgery after reading Richard Goldborough's article on the type in the June 2004 edition of The Celator (pg 21). The tell is the very low obverse relief with the borderless Gorgon blending into the edge of the coin. Add to that the apparent application of artificial toning and you have a modern day fake. I suspect there are a lot of these catalogued as legitimate in Greek coin collections.
B7. Heraclea RIC VII,16 C140 viewsAe3 3 gm 19 mm Struck: 317 Mark: MHTB
Laureate and draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand; mappa in right hand.
Six tiered campgate surmounted by three beacons (no star).
Comment: Retains significant silver. Added to the series after Licinius' defeat in their first civil war. Initially only issued by Licinius. (See album of same).
E2. Siscia RIC VII 61, R1.40 viewsArgenteus, 3.1 gm, 20 mm, Struck: 319-320, Mark: BSIS•
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left, holding spear over left shoulder and shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT/PR, on altar.
M6. Macedonia (Alexander III)40 viewsAe20, 3.4 gm, 18.2 mm, 323-320 BC, Sear (GC) 6739
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of young Heracles right, capped in lion's skin.
Club above legend, bow in case below.
N1. Licinius, Siscia RIC 160, S, 320-21 AD40 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate head, right.
Laurel wreath around VOT/XX
3.9 gm 19 mm Ae3 Exergue: BSIS*
E3. Gordian III (238-244)40 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, left.
Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting left arm on lyre.
Antoninianus, 5.1 gm, 22.6 mm, Rome RIC 88
History: Inheritor of a vast family fortune following the failed revolt of Gordians I and II, he was appointed Caesar under the subsequent, but short lived co-rule of the Emperors Pupienus and Balbinus. Aged thirteen, the first three years of rule came under the close guidance of the Senate, but in 341 he appointed Timesitheus to command the Praetorian Guard and help guide him through the growing chaos created by barbaric incursions. During the greatly successful campaign against the Sasanian king Shapur I, his mentor unexpectedly died and was replaced by Philip. Prosecution of the war immediately went sour culminating in the death of the Emperor probably by the instigation of the one most benefitted by it.
7. Constantius I as Caesar40 viewsFollis 9.3 gm 27.3 mm
Laureate head, left.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted 297/99 at Cyzicus. mm: KB RIC VI, 11a
Alexander III40 viewsAlexander the great
AE17 336-323 BC
Obverse:Head of Alexander the Great as Herakles wearing lion's skin
Reverse:Club and quiver between ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ;A below

16.52mm 6.04gm

Price 332
Bare head of Caligula left.
Vesta seated on ornate chair left,
holding patera and scepter.

BM-46, Paris-54, C-27, RIC-38.
A.D. 37-38
10.61gm 29 mm
3 commentsgoldenancients
Caracalla - RIC 275a40 viewsCaracalla Denarius (2.95 gm). ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, standing front, head left, with thunderbolt & scepter. RSC 337, RIC 275a, BMC 155-62 commentsBud Stewart
Caracalla AE26 Tetrassarion, Odessos, Thrace.40 viewsAVT K M AVP CEOVH-POC AHTOHEIHOC, laureate head right,

ΟΔΗCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Great god of Odessos standing left, wearing kalathos, holding patera over flaming altar and cornucopia.

AMNG Vol II, , No. 2284, Pg 565.

Varbanov I 4373

Odessos is the Greek name for this city known today as Varna, a port on the Black Sea coastline of Bulgaria. It was founded as a trading centre by Miletians as early as the 7th century BC.
2 commentsGaiusCaligula
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius, RIC 184, Pax40 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Pax running left holding branch & scepter

Minted at Rome, 211 AD
CARACALLA 40 viewsCARACALLA (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus August), Caesar 196–211 AD, August 211–217 AD
AR denarius, Rome, struck 217 AD, 3,28 grams, 18,35 mm, silver, RIC 289c, Sear 6846 (2000 edition)
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM , laureate head right
Rev: P M TR P XX COS IIII P P , Serapis, wearing polos on head, standing left, holding wreath of corn-ears & scepter _7500

1 commentsAntonivs Protti
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'40 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.40 viewsAdditional views of the coin posted here

AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei
SPAIN. Castulo.40 viewsAE unit ( AS ). Early 1st.century BC. 12,90 grs. Male head left. L. QVL. F. before. Q. ISC. F behind / Europa seated sideways on bull running right. She extends both her hands, her mantle floating in the wind like a double halo. M. C. F. below.
SNG BM Spain 1394. Villaronga ,CNH 70
2 commentsbenito
40 viewsareich
Celtic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #240 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #2
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse-trotting-left-
diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Kugelwangen type,
date:, 2nd.c. BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Distribution : , Hungary/ n. Serbia
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Constantinople 78E.jpg
A121B-02 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla40 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 18 x 17 mm 2.0 gr.

Anv: "VRBS ROMA" - Busto de Roma vistiendo yelmo coronado y con penacho de pluma y manto imperial, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Loba madre parada a izquierda dando de mamar a Romulo y Remo, a quienes mira. Dos estrellas sobre la loba. "CONSε ·" en exergo.

Acuńada 333 - 335 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: R1

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Constantinople) #78 Pag.582 - Cohen Vol.VII #17 Pag.330 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8305.i. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3894
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Heraclea 115A.jpg
A121B-12 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla40 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 16 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "CONSTAN-TINOPOLI" - Busto de Constantinopla vistiendo yelmo laureado y con penacho de pluma y coraza bajo manto imperial. Con Cetro sobre su hombro izquierdo, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre la proa de una galera, portando lanza en brazo derecho y escudo en izquierdo. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuńada 330 - 333 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Heraclea) #115 Pag.557 - Cohen Vol.VII #21 Pag.326 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8310.h. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3890
Centenional Constantino I RIC VII Ticinum 82.jpg
A121-50 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)40 viewsAE3 Centenional 17 x 15 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG" - Busto militar con yelmo laureado y coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP" - Dos Victorias de pié enfrentadas, sosteniendo un escudo en el que se inscribe "VOT PR" en dos líneas, sobre un altar. "P T" en exergo.

Acuńada 318/9 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Ticinum) #82 Pag.372 - Cohen Vol.VII #640? Pag.305 - DVM #90 var Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8259.k. Pag.166 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3883
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type40 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Charles I H-C Img.jpg
A.D. 1625-1649 - Charles 1st - Tower Mint - Half Crown40 viewsObv:- CAROLVS : D. G. : MAG : BRI : FRA : ET : HIB : REX , Charles riding horse left, with upright sword, cloak flies from king's shoulder
Rev:- CHRISTO . AVSPICE . REGNO, Round garnished shield
Minted in London (Tower Mint), mintmark R in brackets both sides, A.D. 1644-1645
Reference:- S. 2778
Crusader - Charles II of Anjou, Frankish Greece - Achaea, AR denier, 1285-1289 AD40 viewsCharles II of Anjou
Frankish Greece: Achaea
AR denier – 18mm
Clarentia mint, 1285-1289 AD
cross patée
castle tornouis surmounted by cross
Malloy 12
JEN TSUNG (1796-1820)40 viewsReign title: CHAI-CH'ING, AD 1796-1820Daniel F
Cilicia-Seleukeia AE24.JPG
Cilicia, Seleukeia, AE2440 viewsCilicia, Seleukeia, AE24
1st century BC - 1st century AD
Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of Athena right.
Reverse: SELEUKEWN TWN PROS TWI KALUKADNWI, Nike advancing left with wreath and palm. Monogram left.
SNG PFPS 1010 (Same obverse die)
24mm, 7.68gm
Jerome Holderman
claudius II aequitas comn.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 197 40 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.6 grams 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG.. Radiated and drapped bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
H in exergue
RIC V (1) 197 Antioch
from uncleaned lot 10/07
1 commentsJohnny
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC 151.jpg
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC V/1 15140 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing L with rudder and cornucopia.

Exe: S.


RIC V/1 151, Common.

Some silvering.
Claudius Quadran.jpg
Claudius - Modius Quadran40 viewsQuadran, 2.34 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 42-43 AD

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG around a 3-legged modius

Reverse: PON M TR P IMP P P COS II around S.C

Rome mint

RIC I 90
Claudius, RIC 93, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 41-4240 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.8g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-42.
Obv.: NERO·CLAVDIVS·DRVSVS·GERMANICVS·IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·TR·P·IMP [/] S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding a branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 93 (C); Cohen 8; BMC 157; Sear (RCV 2K) 1896
Charles S
CLAVDIVS Minerva.jpg
Claudius Minverva40 viewsT CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

Rev. Minerva advancing with spear and shield SC

Rome 42 AD


Sear 1862

Titus Pullo
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm.40 viewsKingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right / BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros seated left.2 commentsancientone
012. Domitian 81-96 AD40 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
Greek, Syria, Apameia, ca.1st cent. B.C.40 viewsAE 20, Apameia, ca. 1st cent. B.C. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche facing right, dotted border. Rev: Nike advancing holding filleted wreath, APAMEWN THS EIPAS KAI ASYLOY, AN in right field, Seleukid era date GMS (70/69 BC) to right of Nike. Similar to Lindgren I, 2034, but with an unlisted date (Seleukid as opposed to Pompeian) and AN in field. Not in Lindgren, Not in Sear, Not in Hoover HGC 9.Molinari
501. Constantine I Trier SARMATIA DEVICTA40 viewsCONSTAN - TINVS AVG
laureated head right

Victoria holding trophy and palm advancing right, captive at her feet

STR crescent

reduced follis struck 323 / 324 in Trier ( Treveri )

C.487 - RIC.435

4 commentsecoli
Lyons, Wolf & Twins40 viewsVRBS ROMA

She wolf suckling Romulus and Remes, two stars above

dot in crescent PLG

RIC VII Lyons 257
1 commentsarizonarobin
Commodus - sestertius40 viewsMCOMMODVS ANTONINVSAVG
TRP VIII IMP IIII COS III P P / S C - Annona standing left, holding statue of Concordia and cornucopia; modius to left with 5 grain ears, stern to right with 2 figures on deck and Victory on side.
181-182 AD
1 commentsGinolerhino
commodus as-.jpg
166-177 AD - COMMODUS Caesar AE As - struck 175-176 AD40 viewsobv: COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM (draped bust right)
rev: SPES PVBLICA (Spes walking left holding flower & raising hem of skirt), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1544 (M.Aurelius), C.710
mint: Rome
8.92gms, 25mm

Commodus is known to have been at Carnuntum, Marcus Aurelius’s headquarters during the Marcomannic Wars, in 172. It was presumably there that, on 15 October 172, he was given the victory title Germanicus in the presence of the army. The title suggests that Commodus was present at his father’s victory over the Marcomanni. Even the title of Sarmaticus he was given in 175.
During the preparations for the campaign against Cassius in Syria, the prince assumed his toga virilis on the Danubian front on July 7, 175, thus formally entering adulthood.
Laureate head right

Annona standing left, holding cornucopia and holding in the other hand a small statuette (maybe Concordia?). Left we can sea a modius with corn-ears, right there is part of a ship on which are two figures and one Victoria

Weight: 30,33g; Ř: 31mm; Reference: RIC III/350 ROME mint ;struck 183 A.D. First Emission
1 commentssulcipius
Commodus dupondius40 viewsP M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P PTibsi
Complete Pediment.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, The Temple40 viewsAn illustration of what the completed Pediment may have looked like.maridvnvm
Constantine I CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE RIC VI Rome 19640 viewsFollis, 25mm, 4.83g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head R.

Reverse: CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE, Roma in hexastyle temple, seated facing head L, holding spear and globe. Plain pediment, knobs as akroteria.

Exe R*Q

RIC VI 196, Rome, early autumn 307, Common.

Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25540 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
constans twin vic com.JPG
Constans twin Victories40 viewsAE 15 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: CONSTANS-PF AVG.Pearl diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN. Two victories standing facing inwards, holding wreaths above. Upright palm branch in center
EX :: SMT_B (Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 105var
RIC rated R
unlisted headware, in the collection of Jon Lafalce, appears to be an unlisted series ( from heletica spreatsheet)
Constans- Gloria Excercitus.jpg
Constans- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right


CONSTANS: Constans
AVG: Augustus, emperor

GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 14 mm.

Mint SMALΔ Egypt, Alexandria mint, after 340 A.D. Officina Δ delta, (fourth Officina). RIC VIII 20 of Alexandria / Late Roman Bronze Coinage # LRBC 1463
John Schou
Constans- VOT XX MVLT XXX (1) new.jpg
Constans- VOT40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Pearl-diademed head right


D: Dominus,
N: Nostror,
PF: Pius Felix,
AVG: Augustus,


VOT : 'Votis decennalibus (solutis),

X X: 20

MVLT: multis vicennalibus (susceptis),

XXX: 30

Showing: VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath

Domination: Bronze, AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: Antioch.Oficina ???

Vota (plural of votum). A vow made to a god in order to obtain a divine favour stipulated in advance. The granting of the request obliged the vower to fulfil his promise. This usually took the form of a sacrifice to the deity or an offering to his (or her) temple. Public vota in Imperial times were normally for the welfare of the emperor over a stated period of time (five or ten years) and were regularly undertaken (vota suscepta) and hopefully paid (vota soluta). Sometimes they were more specific, relating to the safety of the emperor on a particularly hazardous journey or military campaign, or the current state of his health. The undertaking and fulfillment of these public vows was frequently recorded on the coinage and in the late Empire especially may provide useful evidence for the chronological arrangement of issues
John Schou
Constans II, September 641 – 15 July 668 AD40 viewsObverse: DN CONSTANTINVS PP AV (AV ligatured), beardless bust of Constans II facing, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger in right hand
Reverse: Mark of value X X with large cross between
Mint : Carthage
Date : 643-647AD
Reference : MIB 196a, Wroth (BMC) 312, Tolstoi 205, Ratto 1568, CBN 16, S 1057
Grade : VF
Weight : 6.19g
Denom : Half Follis
Metal : Bronze
Comments : Ex. Woolslayer collection and Forum, 21.1mm, DO 138.5, Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Constantine I.jpg
Constantine I SALVIS40 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage stg. l. holding fruitsTanit
Constantine I.JPG
Constantine I AE3, 315-316 AD, Lyons40 viewsConstantine I,
AE3 – 20mm
Lyons, 315-316 AD
laureate cuirassed bust r.
Sol std. l. holding globe, chalmys across left shoulder
TF|* in field, PLG in ex.
RIC 34 var, Bastien 596
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative40 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.

Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine Death Commemorative40 viewsJust a common little coin with nice detail
RIC VIII Const 37
2 commentsGhengis_Jon
Constantine 140 viewsThe first Christian Emperor.goldcoin
Constantine I40 viewsAE 3 18.8x19.8mm
Bust left, spear over right shoulder,
ornate helmet
2 Victories facing altar; VOT PR on altar.
2 commentsgparch
Ticinium VOT XXX ST and QT40 viewsJames b4
Constantine I AD330-AD346 40 viewsDie axis 180 degrees
Sear 3785 RIC 114
Ticinum mint
3 commentsPaul D3
constantinus I  Glor exer combined.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Heraclea 12640 viewsAE 17-18 mm 2.2g 330-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosetted diademed, Draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Glor-iaexerc-itvs . Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, two standards between them
EX :: SMHA ( Heraclea )
RIC VII Heraclea 126
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,40 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,
avers:-CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, D2, Helmeted cuirassed head right.
revers:-BEATA-TRANQ-VILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above tree stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR Crescent, diameter: 18,5-20 mm, weight: 2,99g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC VII 389, p-199, c2,
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #240 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #2
avers:- CONST-A-NTINVS-AVG, 1, Helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT,1, D2, S/F over HL monogram, Vexillum reading VOT/XX; seated captive on either side.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref:RIC-VII-120, p-439, 3rd.-off., R3!!!,
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,40 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,
avers:- CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 36a, p-316,
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 12940 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.65g
Thessalonica 3. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
A in l. field
exergue: TS Gamma
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 129
Scarce, VF

This is the more rare type with the sitting horseman! In Helvetica's list the horseman wears a Phrygian bonnet.
Constantius II FT Constantinople40 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis, CONSTANTINOPLE, 324 - 361 AD, 5.08g, 23mm, Struck 351 - 355 AD
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Soldier right and looking left,
spears a fallen horseman with a pointed beard and reaching back towards soldier with arm. Mint mark: [Gamma] in the left field and
Exe: CONSA[star] Constantinople mint AD 351-355 = RIC VIII, p. 454, 82,
1 commentsRomanorvm
A40 views Constantius I “Chlorus” AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 45a, Ticinum
Date: AD 305-306
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta stg. l. holding cornucopia and scales, TT dot in exergue
Size: 25.3 mm

“He was an outstanding man and exceptionally gracious who showed concern for the wealth of provincials and private individuals instead of simply pursuing the interests of the treasury…He was not only loved but also revered by the Gauls, expecially because through his government they had escaped the mistrusted prudence of Diocletian and the bloodthirsty rashness of Maximian.” – Eutropius Breviarium X.1

Constantius I was chosen by Maximian as his adopted heir. Upon the abdication of both Diocletian and Maximian, he became joint emperor with Galerius in March AD 293. In AD 305, Constantius I won the title ‘Britannicus Maximus’ for his successful campaign against the Picts in Britain. By this time, however, Constantius I was poor in health and believed to be suffering from leukaemia. This earned him the nickname ‘Chlorus’ (the pale). Although he was senior emperor in the west, Galerius had managed to establish a foothold by getting his own nominee, Severus, as Caesar in the west. The intent was to slip Severus in as senior emperor in the west upon the death of Constantius. Constantine I, son of Constantius I, had another plan in mind. Thus, when Constantius I Chlorus died at York on July 25, AD 306, Constantine I was proclaimed ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor in the west by his army before Galerius could take action. Galerius sought to diminish this power by proclaiming Severus ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor as well. This sparked a struggle in the west for power.
NOTE: As the father of Constantine, a number of Christian legends have grown up around Constantius. Eusebius's Life of Constantine claims that Constantius was himself a Christian, although he pretended to be a pagan, and while Caesar under Diocletian, took no part in the Emperor's persecutions. His first wife, Helena, claimed to find the True Cross.
2 commentsNoah
Constans RIC VII 23840 viewsObv:FL CONSTANTIS BEA C
laureate draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers, each holding a reversed spear & shield, two standards between them
dot Delta SIS dot in ex.
18mm 2.9 gm
Barbaric Constantine I40 viewsObv: nonsense
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a
globe & scepter, eagle at foot left with a
wreath in its beak
IIII in ex
19mm 1.7 gm
Greek, Corinth AR Stater (350-300 BC)40 viewso/ Pegasus flying left, Q below.
r/ Helmeted head of Athena Chalinitis left.
8.62g. 19.5x22mm
Sear 2629-2631. Pozzi 1685-1700.
Lot 15 de la vente du 30 mai 2008 de la Maison Rossini
2 commentsAugustin Caron
Constantine V and Leon III40 viewssolidus1 commentsantvwala
Caracalla Antoninianus, RIC IV 311c40 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Antoninianus, 213-217 A.D. AR, 23mm 5.12g, RIC IV 311c, RSC 608a
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
R: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory & scepter, leaning on shield set on helmet
5 commentscasata137ec
Constans, RIC VIII Heraclea 8040 viewsHeraclea mint, Constans, 348-350 A.D. AE, 17mm 2.47g, RIC VIII Heraclea 80
O: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on globe, star to l., X marking globe
2 commentscasata137ec
crispina RIC672a(commodus).jpg
177-183 AD - CRISPINA AE sestertius - struck 180-183 AD40 viewsobv: CRISPINA AVGVSTA (draped bust right)
rev: SALVS (Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar from patera held in right hand), S-C in field
ref: RIC 672a(Commodus), Cohen 33 (6frcs), BMC 420
24.04gms, 29mm
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Aquilea, RIC VII 041, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #140 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Aquilea, RIC VII 041, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
40 viewsCrispus. Caesar, A.D. 317-326. Ć follis (18 mm, 3.35 g, 12 h). Aquileia. CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Crispus right / D N CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, votive wreath inscribed VOT/·/V in three lines; ·AQS·. RIC 87. Choice EF, fully silvered. 3 commentsJohn M
Crispus40 viewsCrispus - Heraclea Mint - Officina 1 - AE3 Follis - RIC VII 61

O: CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right, draped & cuirassed

R: DOMINOR NOSTROR CAESS, around VOT X within wreath, SMHA in exergue

2.7g, 18.2mm, 135 degree die axis, 324AD
337-361 AD - Constantius II - RIC VIII Thessalonica 056 - GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsEmperor: Constantius II (r. 337-361 AD)
Date: 337-340 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Size: AE4

Constantius Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed

Glory of the Army.
Two helmeted soldiers facing, heads turned towards each other; each holds an inverted spear and rests on a shield; between them, a standard.
Exergue: SMTS? (Thessalonica mint, unknown officina)

RIC VIII Thessalonica 56; VM 76
1.46g; 16.3mm; 180°
C Fonteius Janus wGalley40 viewsC Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC, 3.73g, Crawford 290/1, Sydenfam 555, Fonteia 1,
OBV: Janiform head, D (retrograde) to l, star right, three dots below.,
REV: Galley with pilot and three rowers, C FONT above, ROMA below
Porous flan

EX: Harlan J Berk
1 commentsRomanorvm
C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus – Vibia-1640 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus. 48 B.C. AR denarius (19 mm, 3.99 g, 6 h). Rome. Head of youthful Bacchus (or Liber) right, wreathed with ivy / C • VIBIVS • C • F • C • N, Ceres advancing right, holding torch in each hand; in right field, plow. Crawford 449/2; HCRI 21; Sydenham 946; Vibia 16; SRVC 421Bud Stewart
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Gros de Nesle - 158240 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ LVDOVI . P . DOMBAR . P . MONTISP . M, Grande L couronnée accostée de deux lis et au dessus d'un λ
+ DNS . ADIVT . ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1582, croix florencée cantonnée de deux lis et deux λ
4.09 gre
Ref : Divo Dombes # 39, PA # 5130
Potator II
Henri II de Montpensier (1592-1608), Douzain - 1594 (Divo plate coin)40 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ HENRIC . P . DOMBAR . D . MONTISP . M, Ecu de Bourbon couronné, cantonné de deux H
+ DNS . ADIVT : ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1594, Croix echancrée cantonnée de couronnes
2.03 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 99 (cet exemplaire illustré), Boudeau # 1070, Mantellier # 40
Potator II
Domitian RIC-73040 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 730 (C3), BMC 189, RSC 274
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)

The first issue of 92, of which this coin is from, was large indeed, certainly one of the largest of the reign. Ian Carradice conducted a die study of this issue and determined the mint was divided into officina based on the separate Minerva reverse types, much like it had been in 81-82, after an apparent hiatus.

Historical note: Domitian was campaigning against the Suebi and Sarmatians during 92, perhaps accounting for such a large issue.

A very common coin in uncommonly good style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
da quan wu shi clay mould40 viewsreign of wang mang (7-14 AD)
casting time: 7-14 AD
1 commentsleseullunique
40 viewsDenarius - 125 BC (Grueber 124/103 BC) - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI in monogram before, BALBVS behind, ROMA below, within laurel wreath
Rev.:Jupiter & Victory in quadriga right; Macedonian shield below the horses. In ex. MN (in monogram) ACILI
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,4
Craw. 271/1, Sear RCV .147, BMRRC 1019

1 commentsMaxentius
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
18-05 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 17.5 x 16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR [VESPA]SIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER [T]R POT" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #10D Pag.16 - RIC2 #29 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2285 Pag.435 - BMCRE #26 - DVM #18/5 Pag.100 - CBN #18 - RSC Vol. II #94h Pag.41
Denarius N.BALBUS.jpg
15-01 - C. NAEVIUS BALBUS (79 A.C.)40 viewsAR Denarius Aserrado 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza con diadema de Venus viendo a derecha - "S C".
Rev: Victoria en triga cabalgando a derecha, "CXXXX" número de control sobre los caballos. "C·NAE·BALB·" (AB y AL en ligadura) en Exergo.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuńa una triga (Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #309 Pag.130 - Craw RRC #382/1b - Syd CRR #769b -BMCRR #2926-76 - RSC Vol.1 Naevia 6 Pag.68
weight for hanging balance, possibly for tremissis 1/3 solidi40 views12mm tapered 3mm to 9mm. 1.14 gwileyc
Divus Vespasian40 viewsVESPASIAN, posthumous memorial AR silver denarius, Struck by TITUS, 79AD. DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, laureate head of Divus Vespasian right. Reverse - S C inscribed on shield supported by two capricorns, orb below. RCV 2569, scarce. Well centered on a full sized flan. 19mm, 3.2g.1 commentsfordicus
Diadumenian Tetradrachm, Prieur 1645 40 viewsJudaea, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, Diadumenian Tetradrachm, 217-218 A.D. AR 25mm 11.46g, Prieur 1645 per Michel Prieur (*second known example)
O: (…) ,bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: DHMARX EX UPATOC (or similar),eagle standing, looking left, wreath in beak
1 commentscasata137ec
40 viewsDomitianus - AE as.Rugser
Domitian as Caesar Denarius40 viewsCAESAR DIVI F. DOMITIANVS COS. VII, Laureate head right. Reverse. PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Minerva advancing right, holding spear and shield.2 commentsPhiloromaos
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 Vespasian 921 (C2), RSC II 47, BMCRE II 193, BnF III 169, SRCV I 2637]40 viewsSilver denarius, choice gF, 3.350g, 19.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, as caesar early 76 - early 77 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg

Nice portrait, toned, and perfect centering.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220
Domitian RIC II 002940 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. (3.30g, 19.2mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva standing left with Victory and spear; at fee, shield. About VF. RIC II 29 (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The RIC lists this as R3 with the only other known specimin held in the C. Clay collection. That coin is listed, but not pictured in the plates of the updated RIC. That specimen is from the same dies as this one and has the same 5 o'clock die axis. There is at least one other specimin out there in a private collection I am aware of, and more may surface as time goes on.
3 commentsLucas H
Domitian Sestertius RIC 64040 viewsAE Sestertius
Domitian, Rome Mint, 88-89 AD
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PER P, Laureate head right wearing aegis
Reverse: SC, Domitian standing left holding thunderbolt and spear being crowned by Victry whi stands right holding palm branch.
RIC 640; Cohen 512
34mm, 22.2gm
Jerome Holderman
40 viewsDOMITIAN (as Caesar) - As - 73 AD - Rome mint
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II, Laureate and draped bust right
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST S C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and sceptre
gms 10,2 mm 26,6
RIC 694A (c), Cohen cfr 1
2 commentsMaxentius
Julia Domna AR Denarius40 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
VF AR Denarius 3.40g / 17mm / -
IVLIA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right
IVNO REGINA - Juno standing left, holding patera and sceptre; peacock at feet
Mint: Rome (196-211 AD)
References: RIC 560; RSC 97
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
HK MP5 above Sturm Ruger Mini - 1440 views~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
top: HK MP5 - Made in Germany
bottom: Sturm Ruger, Mini 14 Ranch Rifle
Caliber: .223 Rem.
Short Barrel Mini 14 w/ Muzzle Brake & Polymer Stock
One 30 round magazine in the rifle, a 30 and
a 20 round magazine below.
Made in the U.S.A.
AK - 47 Kalashnikov and Sturm Ruger Mini - 14 Rifle - w/ 20 rd Magazines & some Pistols40 viewsTop:
Sturm Ruger Mini 14 Rifle
Caliber: .223 - In this photo the Rifle is loaded with a 20 Round Factory Magazine.

AK - 47 Kalashnikov
Caliber 7.62 x 39 mm - In this photo the Rifle is loaded with a 20 Round polymer Magazine.

Above Rifles: Three Smith and Wesson Pistols.
Far left: Smith and Wesson Model 669 in 9mm, then two Smith and Wesson Revolvers, the one in the middle is a Model 10 in .38 Special, the one on the far right is a Model 30 in .32 Smith and Wesson Long (this little revolver is from the 1930s or so, belonged to my grandfather, he would carry it everywhere). There is also a .38 Special Speedloader between the two revolvers.
C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 89-88 BC. AR Denarius.40 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right; PANSA behind, star under chin. / Minerva driving quadriga right; C • VIBIVS • C • F in exergue. Crawford 342/3; Sydenham 684; SR 242; RSC/Babelon Vibia 22 commentsPedja R
Licinius II RIC VII Antioch 29 7th officina40 viewsFollis AE 18mm 3.9 grams 317-320 AD
OBV :: DN VAL LINCIN LICINIVS NOB C. Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust left with Mappa in right hand and scepter across shoulder
REV :: IOVI CONS- ERVATORI CAESS. Jupiter standing left holding Nike on globe in right hand, leaning on scepter. Captive left, Z in right field
EX :: SMANT ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 29
RIC rated R1
Birthday gift from Chris Austin ( Casata137ec )
ex-Andreas Reich Collection ( Areich )

Officina 7 of 14 listed in RIC VII
1 commentsJohnny
40 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Ć (17mm, 0.32 g).
Palembang mint. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hŕnzě
Apparently unpublished

The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
1 commentsArdatirion
XIIII Sol with whip40 viewsObverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Bust radiate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: PMTRP_XII COS III P P, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
BMC 965* (undraped C456 (Paris), slightly draped, Leuthold coll.) RIC 542
Weight, 10.887g; die axis, 12h.
Salonina, wife of Gallienus: Junos stag40 viewsSalonina, wife of Gallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop A.
Obeverse: [COR]SALONINAAVG, Salonina head right.
Reverse: IVNONICONSAVG, stag standing left. [A] below.

W=2.83g; D=21x23mm.
Elizabeth I sixpence, Seaby 256140 viewsElizabeth I sixpence, 1566 A.D. AR, 26mm 3.07g, Seaby 2561
O: ELIZABETH D G ANG FR ET HI REGINA, crowned bust of Elizabeth I left, rose behind, portcullis mintmark.
R: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV. Quartered royal arms over long cross fourchee.

*purchased for my wife's birthday...but I am cointing it in my collection ;)
1 commentscasata137ec
East India Company 10 Cash Copper Ingot40 viewsDate: AD 1808
Obverse: EAST INDIA COMPANY; arms of East India Company - two rearing lions each with one back paw on globe, facing inward, leaning against shield, medieval helm above with similar rearing lion facing l. on top, two banners to l. and r. of helm; 1808 below
Reverse: Mughal inscription with X (denomination of 10) .CASH. below
Size: 25 mm, as found at shipwreck site – bent
Photo: The black & white photo between the coin obverse and reverse images is one of the divers who recovered the coins in 1985.
* Note: I purchased this at a coin shop on Grand Cayman island while on my honeymoon in 2001.

This shipwreck coin is from the 145 foot long, 36 foot in berth ship, The Admiral Gardner, that sank on January 25th, 1809, travelling through a fearsome storm in the infamous English Channel. Due to the roughness of the storm, rescue boats failed to reach the damaged ship. Bystanders watched helpessly as the triple deck square rigger constructed of oak and teak sank and took the lives of seven crewmen trapped onboard. The Admiral Gardner was headed for India, and contained coins for payment fto workers in Bengal and Madras. Found in well preserved condition on the seabed, the coins were well wrapped and secured in wooden casks.

In 1809, after the ship sank, some items were salvaged from the wreck, but the valuable cargoes deep in the hold were not reachable. Around 1984, which was 175 years after the ship sank, a local fisherman reported that he thought he was snagging his nets on the Admiral Gardner, the fate of the ship being well known locally. The divers who made the first dive on the wreck were amazed at what they saw. Exposed ribs, frames and decking outlined the shape of the ship. She was lying on a gently sloping sandy bottom at depths ranging between 45 and 60 feet of water. Along with her cargo of coins, some of which had spilled out from the barrels in which they were stowed, her cargo had consisted of a quantity of cannon balls, anchors, iron bars and copper ingots. In 1985 the wreck was listed as being of historical interest, and a license to dive on the site was granted to Richard Larn of Cornwall, the original discoverers of the wreck having formed themselves into a syndicate known as The East India Company Divers. The group, all very experienced in diving on wrecks on the Goodwin Sands, was formed to salvage and administer the legal aspects of any artifacts recovered. Some salvage was carried out in the summer of 1984, but due to weather problems and the special difficulties of working four miles offshore, the amount of coin recovered was minimal. In June 1985, professional divers from a company called SAR Diving, who were working with the EIC diving group, succeeded in recovering a large quantity of copper coins, which were passed to the legal authority for such finds, the Receiver of Wreck. The most impressive find was an intact barrel which underwent preservation treatment at Portsmouth and was estimated to contain 28,000 coins. Unfortunately, as is the case with many of these ventures, treasure (or here, at least, the copper variety) meant trouble. Strong disagreements developed between the parties involved about the methods employed on the wreck, some of which included controlled explosions. Diving on the site was suspended, and the site remains a protected wreck, with no-one currently licensed to dive on it.
3 commentsNoah
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Provincia Arabia40 viewsBronze AE 20,
4.47g, 17.7mm, 270°, Petra mint,
Obv.: [IMP C] M AVP ANT[ONINOC], laureate draped bust right
Rev.: PETLA COLONI A, founder, togate, right hand raised, ploughing right with pair of oxen
Spijkerman 56
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)40 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 25, 8.85g, 25.23mm, 225°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
Bust, laureate, r.
Abundantia (or Annona?) stg. frontal, head l., holding cornucopiae l. and corn-
ears r.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 860 (like Nr.5, Paris Mionnet, but has no dots), pl. XIX, 1 (same die)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1568 var. (without AVG)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
d) SNG Cop. 232 (same dies both sides, Curtis Clay)
very rare, VF/good VF, nice green patina
added to
1 commentsJochen
Colonia Patricia quadrans (2)40 viewsObserve: (PER.) CAE. AVG. Augustus bare head to the left.
Reverse: (COLO. PA)TR. Pathera, aspergilum, vase and lituus.
Weight: 2,7 gr.. Size: 17 mm.
FAB: 1566.
Trajan/Hadrian mule Quadriga40 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Quadriga l.
18mm, 3.1g

Sold by romangreekcoins, eBay, 15 April, 2012, for €40.38.
1 commentsklausklage
Faustina II denarius40 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
RIC 749 MA40 viewsPosthumous denarius, 176-180
Bust r., veiled
Funeral pyre surmounted by biga.

3.43g, 19mm
1 commentsklausklage
Faustina I. denar40 viewswife of Antoninus Pius
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3 40 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG-VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula, Fibula #068, AE 40 viewsFibula #068, AE Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular brooch or ring buckle. Pin missing. Stops formed by raised studs. Decorated with engraved lines.
size: 63,5x56,5mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega Fibula, AR-Fibulae, #85,40 viewsFibula #085, AR Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular Silver brooch, Omega Fibula.
size: 27,5x30mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Zoomorphic Plate Enamelled Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291, Fibula #13940 viewsZoomorphic Plate Enamelled Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291, Fibula #139
size: 24x17mm,
weight: 3,93g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: Typology: Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291,
distribution: ???,
1 commentsquadrans
Philippus I - AE as.40 views2 commentsRugser
Florian Cyzicus Q.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM Q40 viewsAntoninianus, 3.52 g, 22 mm, 6 h, 276 AD

Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right

Victory standing facing right, holding palm and presenting wreath to Florian who is standing facing left with outstretched right hand and holding sceptre with left hand

Exergue: Q

Cyzicus mint

RIC Vi 116
1 commentsdrjbca
Maximianus Herculius, Follis, Ticinum40 viewsFollis, 300-303 AD, Ticinum
26 mm, 9.83 g
obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laueate head right
rev: SACRA MONET AVGG - ET CAESS NOSTR / PT•; Moneta with scales and cornucopia facing, head left
1 commentsareich
Roman Empire, Gallienus RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Rome, c.26740 viewsAppears to be completely unknown and hence a new type late in the reign of Gallienus at Rome

GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right
RESTITVTOR VRBIS, Roma seated left
Weight 1.59g

Possibly connected with other material of this period such as the sestertii with GENIVS P R busts. Possibly a trial for an issue that was never, for some reason, actually struck in any numbers. The reverse type and legend are taken from issues of Septimius Severus several decades earlier

Constantius Gallus Maiorina Amiens40 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar 15 march 351-winter 354

Draped and cuirassed bust right

Helmeted soldier left spearing fallen horseman, looking back and extending arm

Maiorina struck in Amiens 18 august - end 353

22 x 20 mm -- 4,10 g -- axis 180°

RIC. 47
1 commentsgb29400
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus40 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Geta RIC IV, 13(a)40 viewsGeta 198 - 207 Caesar
AR - Denar, 3.46g, 18mm
Rome AD 199
bust draped, cuirassed (?), bare head r., youthful portrait
Nobilitas standing frontal, head r., holding sceptre r. and palladium l.
RIC IV, 13(a); C.90; BMCR. 199
Scarce; about EF

PALLADIUM, from Pallas, a cognomen of Athena. The original P. was stolen from Troy and brought to Italy by Aeneas. It was said to have been preserved with great reverence by the Romans as the protector of their own city.
Geta, Rabbatmoba, cult statue of Ares, AE2840 viewsBronze AE 28, Spijkerman, p. 272 and Plate 61, #32; Hendin -, Fair, 14.37g, 28.5mm, 0o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, year 105 = 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse AUT•K•P-EP•GETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PABAQ-MUBA, cult statue of Ares in military dress, sword erect in right, spear and round shield in left, on decorated base with torch-like flaming altars on right and left

1 commentsareich
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #0340 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #03
avers:- S and retrograde S on either side of a T-figure.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of a legend, cross with points.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,0 mm, weight: 0,17 g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-059, CHN-1-067, Huszar-080,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aburius M. f. Geminus40 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 132B.C.

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, GEM behind. Ӿ below chin.
Rev: Sol in quadriga right, holding whip. M ABVRI (AB and VR in monogram) below, ROMA in exergue.
Weight 3.93g

Crawford 250/1 Sear RCV I 127 RSC Aburia 6
1 commentsnemesis
GI 048a img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius AE18 - Ares - Philippopolis40 viewsObv:– AVT AI AΔPIA ANTΩNEIN, bare head right
Rev:– ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Ares / Mars standing left, holding spear in left hand; shield leaning against him
Minted in Philippopolis
Obv. legend and bust type variant of Varbanov 786 (Bulgarian ed.) (which is AVT AI ADPI ANTWNEINOC, Head laureate r.)
Trebonianus Gallus Neapolis, Samaria40 viewsAE 26 mm 10.3 grams 251-253 AD
Laureate bust right
Eagle Standing, wings spread, supporting Mount Gerazim. with temple, gardens and staiwell
EX :: none
minted in Neapolis, Samaria
Rosenberger 113; SNG 6, 1035, BMC 149, Hendin 882
Ancient Roman Glass40 viewsThis 2,000 Year old Roman glass was found in the old city of Jerusalem.
40 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
Glass Tessera (17mm; 2.33 g)
Draped bust of Nike left
Head of Herakles right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6555; Köln -
1 commentsArdatirion
MN FONTEIUS CF (85 B.C.)40 viewsAR Denarius
O: Laureate head of Apollo Vejovis right, M FONTEI CF behind, thunderbolt below, ROMA monogram below chin.
R: Infant Genius riding goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, filleted thyrsos below.
4 commentsMat
Gordian III Sestertius40 viewsGordian III Ć Sestertius. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left. RIC 267a, Cohen 19.1 commentsfordicus
Gordianus III - AE as.40 viewsRugser
V - Gordian III AR Antoninianus - Victoria AD 23840 views Gordian III AD 238-244 AR Antoninianus

obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: VICTORIA AVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

5.49 grams, 24.5mm.
6 commentsrexesq
Gordianus III. antoninianus40 viewsMARTEM PROPVGNATOREM1 commentsTibsi
Gordian III Medallion from Tarsos40 viewsObv: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB PP - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield decorated with aegis.
Rev: TAPCOV MHTROPOLEWC - Gordian, radiate, on horseback right, casting javelin at lion leaping right; A/M/K and B-G in fields.
Cat #: SNG Levante 1132/3
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS40 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No.
2 commentslaney
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