FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members


Most viewed
(0177) COMMODUS45 views177 - 192 AD
AE 25 mm 9.59 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus, right
R: Turreted Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and bridle of horse standing left
Syria, Decapolis, Antioch ad Hippum Mint
cf. Spijkerman 25(1) corr., BMC 3
Marcus Aurelius AE Dupondius.45 viewsMarcus Aurelius AE Dupondius. 177-178 AD. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXII, radiate head right / IMP VIIII COS III P P S-C, Aequitas standing standing left holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 1232
sear5 #5034
Antonio Protti
Commodus Sestertius Securitas45 viewsPhiloromaos
const campgate 1 com.JPG
Constantine II Ric VII Cyzicus 3745 viewsAE 18 mm 3.0 g 325-326 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C . Laureated draped nad cuirassed bust left
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS. Campgate with 2 turrets, no door, star above. 7 rows of blocks
EX :: SMK Epsilon Dot
Ric VII Cyzicus 37
RIC Rated R2
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
1 commentsJohnny
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25545 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
Constans- Fel Temp Reparatio.jpg
Constans- Fel Temp Reparatio45 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


D N: Dominus Noster, Our Lord
CONSTANS: Constans
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

FEL TEMP REPARATIO, restoration of happy times

FEL: Times
TEMP: Happy
REPARATIO: Restoration

Constans standing left in Galley, holding labarum and Phoenix on globe, Victory seated in stern steering ship

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 18 mm

Mint: TESB, Thessalonica, B= Beta ( 2th Officina). Struck 337-340 A.D. RIC 120
John Schou
1405n, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. (Siscia)45 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 241, S 3978, VM 69, VF, Siscia, 2.32g, 18.3mm, 180o. Obverse: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix radiate, standing on rocky mound, GSIS and symbol in ex; nice green patina.

Flavius Julius Constans, third and youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born between 320 and 323 A.D. Primary sources for the life and reign of Constans I are scarce. To reconstruct his life and career, one must draw on a variety of references in both fourth century and later works. Raised as a Christian, he was made a Caesar on 25 December 333 A.D. Constans I and his two brothers, after the death of their father on 22 May 337 and the subsequent "massacre of the princes" in which many other relatives were purged, met in the first part of September 337 in Pannonia to re-divide the empire among themselves. There they were acclaimed Augusti by the army. Constans' new realm included Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Macedonia, and Achaea. Shortly before his father's death, Constans' engagement to Olympias, the daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Ablabius, was announced; although the match was never solemnized because of political reasons.

It would appear that Constans was successful in the military sphere. Following his accession to the purple in 337, he seems to have won a victory over the Sarmatians. In 340 Constans was able to beat back an attempt by his brother Constantine II to seize some of his realm. The latter died in a battle fought near Aquileia and Constans absorbed his late brother's territory. In 341 and 342 he conducted a successful campaign against the Franci. He also visited Britain in 343, probably on a military campaign.

As an emperor Constans gets mixed reviews. In what may be a topos, sources suggest that the first part of his reign was moderate but in later years, however, he became overbearing. The emperor apparently attempted to obtain as much money as he could from his subjects and sold government posts to the highest bidder. His favorites were allowed to oppress his subjects. Sources also condemn his homosexuality. He did have some military success and, in addition to other military threats, he had to deal with Donatist-related bandits in North Africa.

Like his father Constantine I and his brother Constantius II, Constans had a deep interest in Christianity. Together with Constantius II he issued (or perhaps re-issued) a ban against pagan sacrifice in 341. The next year, they cautioned against the destruction of pagan temples. Unlike his brother Constantius II, who supported the Arian faction, he stood shoulder to shoulder with Athanasius and other members of the Orthodox clique. In fact, it is due to his request that the Council of Serdica was called to deal with the ecclesiastical squabble between Athanasius of Alexandria and Paul of Constantinople on one side and the Arian faction on the other.

When Magnentius was declared emperor in Gaul during January 350, Constans realized his reign was at an end. When he learned of the revolt, he fled toward Helena, a town in the Pyrenees. Constans was put to death by Gaeso and a band of Magnentius' assassins, who dragged their victim from a temple in which he had sought refuge.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University and Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Constantine I Sol Invicto follis.JPG
Constantine I follis, 45 viewsConstantine I
AE follis - 22.5mm
Trier, 310-313 AD
laureate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
radiate bust of Sol r.
RIC 890
ex Noble Roman Coins
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative45 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.

Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine Silvered AE3. 320 AD. Thessalonica 45 viewsCONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS EXERCIT S-F, standard inscribed VOT XX, bound captives seated below on either side, dot TS dot G dot in ex. RIC VII 75,G Antonivs Protti
Cyzicus, RIC VII 080, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R5!!!45 viewsCyzicus, RIC VII 080, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R5!!!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers helmeted, standing faceing one another, spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield set on ground, between them two standards.
exe: -/-//SMKΓ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-080-p-655, R5!!!
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 016, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLG, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!45 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 016, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLG, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!
avers:-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG 1a, C, Laurate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI-INVIC-TO-COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, rising right hand, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: F/T//PLG, diameter: 21,5-24,5mm, weight: 3.81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, 1st.-off., date: 309-310-A.D., ref:RIC-VII-016, p-123, Rare!
011 - Constantine I (307-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 34145 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, altar inscribed VO-TIS XX, surmounted by globe decorated with two diagonal lines, dot in upper and lower field and a horizontal row of dots. Three stars above
Minted in Trier (STR. in exe) 322 AD
4 commentspierre_p77
constantius fel temp galley com.JPG
Constantius II45 viewsAE 17-18 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG. Pearled diadem draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and labarum with Chi-Rho, Victory seated to left stearing ship from stern.
EX :: TESE ( Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 119
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 11/2008
Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #145 viewsThessalonica, RIC VIII 133, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II45 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 MM
Constantine the Great45 viewsConstantine I - London Mint - AE2 - RIC VI 280

O: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys draped over left shoulder, holding up globe and right hand high. Star in left field, Mintmark: PLN.

2.9g, 19.7/21.5mm, 180 degree die axis

Constantine the Great45 viewsConstantine I - Ticinum Mint - AE Follis - RIC VII 167

O: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right

R: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG laurel wreath enclosing VOT XX crescent below TT in exergue

Nearly Fully Silvered, 2.88g, 16.8/17.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 322-325AD
1 commentsBiancasDad
Constantine I RIC VII 15345 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
Camp gate with two
turrets and star above
dot right. SMTSA in ex.
20 mm 3.3 gm
Ric-150 Gordian III - Providentia45 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
PROVIDENTIA AVG - Providentia standing left, holding a baton over the globe (universe-world) at her feet; left hand grasps perpendicular scepter

Ric -150 Cohen-299 June-Dec. AD 243 (12th Issue, 4th Officina)
CRISPUS shield and spear forward45 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
cuirassed and laureated bust left , spear pointing forward, shield on left arm
Treveri mint
RIC. VII, 308
1 commentsgb29400
Crispus AD 317- AD 32645 viewsDie axis 175 degrees
RIC 35
Alexandria mint
2 commentsPaul D3
Aquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #145 viewsAquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Liard- 158245 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ L . P . [DOMBAR .] D . MONTISP . M, Grand L couronné.
+ DNS ADIVTOR . MEVS . 1582, croix florencee
0.78 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 50, PA # 5129v, Mantellier # 29v
Potator II
Henri II de Montpensier (1592-1608), Douzain - 1594 (Divo plate coin)45 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ HENRIC . P . DOMBAR . D . MONTISP . M, Ecu de Bourbon couronné, cantonné de deux H
+ DNS . ADIVT : ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1594, Croix echancrée cantonnée de couronnes
2.03 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 99 (cet exemplaire illustré), Boudeau # 1070, Mantellier # 40
Potator II
Domitian RIC-42745 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 86 AD
RIC 427 (R), BMC p. 318 note, RSC 186
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)

This denarius from the first issue of 86 recording Domitian's 11th imperial acclamation from the previous Autumn, due to the First Dacian War, can be somewhat closely dated between 1 January and the Spring (he received his 12th imperial acclamation between 17 March and 13 May). Later in 86 Domitian personally conducted the Second Dacian War due to severe reverses when two legates were lost in succession. This was the year the denarius coinage settled down into a consistent pattern which would be repeated year after year for the rest of the reign - an unadorned portrait on the obverse with the four standard Minerva types dominating the reverse. There would be exceptions to this of course, but they would be few and far between.

Stylistically the coin is pleasing, similar to those from 85. Hints of rainbow toning can be detected in hand as well.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-73945 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 92-93 AD
RIC 739 (C3), BMC 200, RSC 280
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)

Domitian was not consul in 93 so this type was struck between September 92 and September 93, dated by the tribunician title XII. An elegantly rendered portrait on a common type.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
decius sest02.jpg
TRAJAN DECIUS sestertius - 249-251 AD45 viewsobv: IMP C.M.Q.TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG
rev: DACIA.FELIX / S.C. (Dacia standing left, holding ensign)
ref: RIC114a, C.35
mint: Rome
18.43gms, 28mm
1 commentsberserker
Demetrio II, Nicator.jpg
12-02 - Demetrio II, Nicator (1er.Reino 145 - 139 A.C.)45 viewsDemetrio II Nicátor de la dinastía Seléucida, fue rey de Siria en dos períodos: 146 - 139 A.C. y 129 - 126 A.C. Huyó a Creta tras la derrota y muerte de su padre, Demetrio I Sóter, pero regresó después, proclamándose rey. Fue puesto en fuga casi inmediatamente por el general Diodoto, que primero proclamó rey a un hijo de Alejandro Balas, Antíoco VI Dioniso, y luego a sí mismo con el nombre de Trifón. Demetrio marchó en guerra contra el rey de Partia, Mitrídates I, siendo derrotado y capturado en 139 A.C.
En 129 fue puesto en libertad, con la esperanza de provocar una guerra entre él y su hermano Antíoco VII Evergetes. Sin embargo, Antíoco murió antes de que estallara el conflicto, con lo que Demetrio II se proclamó rey de nuevo. Poco después fue derrotado y muerto por el rey de Egipto Ptolomeo VIII, que sostenía al usupador Alejandro Zabinas. Le sucedió su hijo Seleuco V Filométor, bajo la regencia de su viuda Cleopatra Tea. (Wikipedia)

AE 18 x 19 mm 4.9 gr.

Anv: Busto con diadema de Demetrio II viendo a derecha. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY – TYPIΩN (por Tiro)" - Popa de Galera (Simboliza el poderío naval de Tiro Fenicia bajo los Seléucidas).

Acuñación: 145/4 A.C.
Ceca: Seleucia en Tiro - Fenicia

Referencias: Houghton #753 – SNG Spaer #1722 - B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #20-22 Pag.60 - Sear GCTV Vol.2 #7070 Pag.661 - SNG Israel #1708.
Denario MAXIMINO I RIC 14_1.jpg
62-02 - MAXIMINO I "El Tracio" (235 - 238 D.C.)45 viewsAR Denario 20 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SALVS AVGVSTI" - Salus (La Salud) sentada en un trono a izquierda, porta una patera en su mano derecha, con la que alimenta a una serpiente que sube desde un altar a sus piés.

Acuñada 235 - 236 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #14 Pag.141 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8316 - BMCRE #99 - Cohen Vol.IV #85 Pag.513 - RSC Vol. III #85a Pag.154 - DVM #10 Pag.219
Denarius A.C.PULCHER.jpg
08-01 - APPIUS CLAUDIUS PULCHER, T. MANLIUS MANCINUS y Q. URBINIUS (111 - 110 A.C.)45 viewsAR Denarius 17 mm 3.3 gr
Anv: Busto de Minerva o Palas (como Roma) con yelmo alado viendo a derecha, detrás un signo desconocido.
Rev: Victoria llevando con ambas manos las riendas de una triga que cabalga a derecha . Uno de los caballos mira hacia atrás.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuña una triga ( Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas. "AP•CL•T•MANL•Q•VR" (MANL y VR en ligadura) en Exergo.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #176 Pag.106 - Craw RRC #299/1a - Syd CRR #570 - BMCRR #1290 - RSC Vol.1 Claudia 2 Pag.31
Denarius METELLUS.jpg
10-01 - C. POBLICIUS, A. POSTUMIUS S. F. ALBINUS y L. CAECILIUS METELLUS (96 A.C.)45 viewsAR Denarius 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: "L·METEL detrás A·ALB·S·F delante de Cabeza laureada de Apolo viendo a derecha - "*" debajo del cuello.
Rev: "C·MALL" (AL en ligadura) - Roma sentada a izquierda sobre una pila de escudos, detrás de ella Victoria coronándola. "ROMA" en exergo.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #220 Pag.114 - Craw RRC #335/1 a-c - Syd CRR #611-611a - BMCRR #724/726/730 - RSC Vol.1 Caecilia 45-46a Pag.21
45 viewsDenarius - 83/82 BC. - Mint of Rome
C. NORBANVS - Gens Norbana
Obv.: Diademed head of Venus right, C.NORBANUS below, numeral control mark behind
Rev.:Fasces with axe between caduceus & ear of corn.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,9x19,9
Craw.357/1b, Sear RCV 277, BMRRC 2770

1 commentsMaxentius
Diocletian RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a)45 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AE - AE 2, 10.5g, 25mm
Ticinum 2. officina, ca. 300- 303
laureate head r.
Moneta standing l., r. holding scales, r. cornucopiae
exergue: ST dot
RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a); C.436
added to
1 commentsJochen
Divo Claudio Gothico, Roma mint, R/CONSECRATIO eagle (Braithwell hoard)45 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus (A.D.268-270), antoninianus, zecca di Roma
AE, 1.63 gr, 18 mm, qBB
D/ DIVO CLAVDIO, busto drappeggiato e radiato a dx
RIC 266; Braithwell Report #131 (5 esemplari nell' hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (23 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 22), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius45 viewsSilver denarius, 19mm, 3.6g, Rome 82 A.D., Carradice 82.2, RIC 32, BMC 34, RSC 610

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate bearded head right
TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII P P, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia.

The first issue of a reform which increased the denarius quality from app. 90-92% Ag and 3.3g to 98% Ag and3.5-3.6g.

Domitian - Fourree denarius 245 viewsbverse: CAESAR DIV F DOMITIANVS COS VII - Laureate head right.
Reverse: COS V - Heifer standing right.
mm. 19 - g. 2,76
Obverse as RIC 265-274 Titus - Reverse as RIC 858 Vespasian
024 Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC II , RIC-New , Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, 45 views024 Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC II , RIC-New , Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P,
Unofficial, (Plated /Subaerate/Fouree)
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-(P)-X"I", Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXII-COS-XVII-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield.
The right combination would be TR P XV - COS XVII.
A double engravers's error (missing P and I vs. V)
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 89 A.D., ref: RIC--p-, (New-), C-,
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian denarius with the COS VII - DES VIII PP reverse.45 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. End of 81 AD (Group 3).
Grs 3.16 and 17 mm.
Observe : IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM. Laureate head slightly bearded looking right. Reverse : COS VII- DES VIII PP. Minerva advancing right with spear and shield.
RIC 28. Not in Cohen (with PP at the end of the reverse's legend).
Rarity : R2.
2 commentslabienus
Domitian RIC II 005645 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.32g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva adv. r. with spear and shield. RIC II 56 (R2), BMC 299, RSC 560a. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

A very early and scarce Domitian with PONT in the obverse. There are very few recorded specimens for this denarius, Rome, Reka Devina hoard, F.Gnecchi in Riv. Ital. 1896, and C. Clay collection. The Clay example is same dies as this specimen.
3 commentsLucas H
II-TIBERIUS-a - 005 Sestertius RIC I/4245 viewsAv) No legend
Confronting heads of two little boys on crossed cornucopiae, with winged caduceus in between


Weight: 24,88g; Ø:34mm; Reference: RIC I [TIB]/42, ROME mint; struck 22 A.D. - 23A.D.
3 commentssulcipius
Alexander Jannaeus (widows mite) 103-76 B.C.45 viewsObverse: Star with eight rays surrounded by diadem
Reverse: BASILEW ALEXANDROU, around anchor
1 commentsDk0311USMC
Argolis, Argos, late 2nd Century - 80s BC 45 viewsAE Dichalkon
Wolf's head right
Rev. Pillar Fountain between helmet over wolf's head left on left and heta above monogram APX on the right. Rare.
BCD 1147
AE Pentanummium Justinian I SB 24445 viewsObverse: Bust Rt., D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP. AVG
Reverse: Large E with cross in center; to r., star.
Date: 551-560 AD
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Sear 244 D.O 271
14mm, 2.12gm
1 commentswileyc
Dupondio HADRIANO RIC 657j.jpg
28-22 - HADRIANO (117 - 138 D.C.)45 viewsAE Dupondio 27 mm 12.9 gr.

Anv: "HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS" - Busto radiado viendo a derecha, vestido su hombro izquierdo.
Rev: "COS III" - Salus (Salud) sentada a izquierda dando de comer a una serpiente enrollada en un altar con una patera que porta en mano derecha. "S C" en exergo.

Acuñada 125 - 128 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #657j Pag.426 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3659 Pag.164 - BMCRE #1326/7 - Cohen Vol.II #367 Pag.137 - DVM #101/3 Pag.130 - Hil UCR #336
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander, Rome mint, struck 231-235 AD, AE Dupondius45 viewsIMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG radiate-headed bust right
IOVI PROGVGNATORI, S-C Iuppiter advancing left
RIC 632; Cohen 88
2 commentsdupondius
Roman Empire, Geta AE Dupondius, Rome mint, struck 211 AD 45 viewsP SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT. Radiate head right
FORT RED TR P III COS II P P, SC. Fortuna seated left
RIC 173a; Cohen 61
1 commentsdupondius
Gaul, Aedui (Bibracte) AR DVBNOCOV/DVBNOREIX quinarius (c. 70-50 AC)45 viewso/ Woman (Diana?) head right, DVBNOCOV before.
r/ Celtic warrior, standing and holding carnyx and a severed head. DVBNOREIX
1.71g. 12x13.5mm. Mont-Beuvray area
Rare type
Augustin Caron
elagabalus combines.JPG
Elagabalus45 viewsAE 18 3.4g 218-222 AD
OBV :: Laureated head right
REV :: Delta dot Epsilon above star . All within wreath
BMC 449
not sure what the shiny spot is on the reverse ..Lead ??
from uncleaned lot 11/2006
Elagabalus45 viewsIMP ANTONINVS AVG
Radiate head right

Fortuna enthroned left holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae, wheel below seat

Rome 219 AD

Sear 7495

ex-Canadian Coin
4 commentsJay GT4
Elagabalus antoninianus45 viewsSALVS ANTONINI AVG1 commentsTibsi
Elagabalus, AE 2745 viewsAVT K M AVRHLIOC ANTWNEINOC
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Demeter standing facing, head left and veiled, holding two grain ears before, long torch behind
AMNG 819 (courtesy of Steve Minnoch)
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1560 (same dies as illustrated)
Hristova & Jekov
1 commentswhitetd49
Elagabalus AR Antoninianus - VICTOR ANTONINI AVG - #02 - 5.10 Grams45 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Varius 'Elagabalus' Antoninus (218 - 222 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES ANTONINUS AUG - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.
rev: VICTOR . ANTONINI . AUG - Victory advancing right holding palm branch and wreath.

Weight: 5.10 Grams.
7 commentsrexesq
Elizabeth I, 1558 - 160345 viewsEngland, Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603. Silver sixpence, Spink 2578B, North 2015, tun mintmark, VF, light scratches, toned, Tower mint, weight 2.838g, maximum diameter 27.5mm, die axis 270o, 1592. Obverse: ELIZAB D'G' ANG'FR:ET:HIB REGI, crowned bust left, rose behind; Reverse POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV (I have made God my helper), quartered coat-of-arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis) on long cross fourchée, 1592 above shield; ex A.H. Baldwin & Sons Ltd., Autumn Argentum Auction 2009. Ex FORVM.

Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603
Elizabeth Tudor is considered by many to be the greatest monarch in English history. When she became queen in 1558, she was twenty-five years old, a survivor of scandal and danger, and considered illegitimate by most Europeans. She inherited a bankrupt nation, torn by religious discord, a weakened pawn between the great powers of France and Spain. She was only the third queen to rule England in her own right; the other two examples, her cousin Lady Jane Grey and half-sister Mary I, were disastrous. Even her supporters believed her position dangerous and uncertain. Her only hope, they counseled, was to marry quickly and lean upon her husband for support. But Elizabeth had other ideas.
She ruled alone for nearly half a century, lending her name to a glorious epoch in world history. She dazzled even her greatest enemies. Her sense of duty was admirable, though it came at great personal cost. She was committed above all else to preserving English peace and stability; her genuine love for her subjects was legendary. Only a few years after her death in 1603, they lamented her passing. In her greatest speech to Parliament, she told them, 'I count the glory of my crown that I have reigned with your love.'
Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.
Antiochos IX Kyzikenos45 views114/3 - 96/5 BC
19mm, 4.29g
obv: winged bust of Eros right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟY to right, ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟPΟΣ to left, date off flan; Nike advancing left, holding wreath
HGC 9, p. 256, #1254
2 commentsareich
Euboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #245 viewsEuboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #2
avers:- Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled.
revers:- ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ , Nymph Histiaia seated right on galley, stern ornamented with shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 1,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Euboia, Histiaia, date: 3rd. centuries B.C., ref: Sear-2498,
F 5.jpg
45 viewsOrthodoxcoins
RIC 12045 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and leaning on column.

Cast fake, sold on eBay on Oct. 23, 2011 for £62,00 (byzantinecollector)
1 commentsklausklage
RIC 9645 viewsModern cast of a Denarius, 103-111
Laur. r.
Dacian seated r. on pile of arms, his hands bound behind him.
18mm, 2.62g

Sold as a copy on eBay, March 7, 2012, for €3,48.
SOUTH INDIA/SRI LANKA45 viewsSOUTH INDIA/SRI LANKA gold Fanam, 16th-18th Century AD. Reference: HERRLI 1.32.14.dpaul7
Faustina II * Juno, 130-176 AD. AR Denarius.45 viewsFaustina II * Juno, Silver Denarius.

Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA * Draped bust, right-facing
Rev: IV NO * Juno standing left, holding patera in right hand, arm oustretched, and sceptre in left hand; peacock at feet to her left and also left-facing.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 161-176 AD. (Based on the Lanz coin, of later coiffure style).

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 3.16 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: On the whole, very lovely silver, clear, sharp and bright luster overall. While there is some light wear on the reverse, the coin looks better in hand than this image shows; the patera is still quite visible, etc. The wear to the peacock has unfortunately left him rather decapitated. Similar wear has somewhat defaced Juno's left arm and her scepter.

RIC 688.
C. 120.
BMC 104.
MIR 17-4/c.

036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,45 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
Antonius Felix45 viewsAntonius Felix
Prefect: 52-59 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Crossed Shields Spears
Reverse: Palm Tree
Date: Year 14 = 54 AD
Reference: Hendin 652
3 commentsJohn K
Roman Plate, Geometric 3D Plate, Enamelled Fibula #153, AE Geometric 3D Plate Fibula ,45 viewsRoman Plate, Geometric 3D Plate, Enamelled Fibula #153, AE Geometric 3D Plate Fibula ,
size: 36x33x15mm,
weight: 10,39g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Bust radiant right, draped
Reverse: FIDES_M_I_LITVM SC left and right in field
Fides draped, standing front, head left, holding a vertical standard in each hand
BMC 229*, RIC 553
Weight, 11.546g; die axis, 12h
Philip I - Sestertius45 views1 commentsRugser
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #145 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter stg. l., head r., holding long sceptre in r. hand and thunderbolt in l. hand. Jupiter-2.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4251,
Follis Constantino I RIC VII Rome 19.jpg
A121-18 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)45 viewsAE Follis reducido 19 x 21 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo avanzando a izquierda, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en izquierda. "R*P" en exergo, "R" en campo izquierdo y "F" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 314 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Roma) #19 Pag.298 - Cohen Vol.VII #546 Pag.292 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236.e. Pag.164
A121-18a - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)45 viewsAE Follis reducido 20 x 19 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo avanzando a izquierda, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en izquierda. "R*S" en exergo, "R" en campo izquierdo y "F" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 314 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.2da.)
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Roma) #19 Pag.298 - Cohen Vol.VII #546 Pag.292 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236.e. Pag.164
A113-18 - GALERIO Como Cesar de Diocleciano (293 - 305 D.C.)45 viewsAE Follis 26 x 25 mm 6.5 gr.

Anv: "MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES" - Cabeza laureada, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI" - Genio de pié a izquierda, desnudo salvo modius en la cabeza y chlamys colgando desde su hombro izquierdo, portando patera en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido de la que cae cierto líquido y cornucopia en izquierda. "TR" en exergo, "B" en campo izquierdo y " * " en campo derecho.

Acuñada 298/9 D.C.
Ceca: Trier (Off.2da)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.VI (Trier) #357b Pag.289 - Cohen Vol.VII #78 Pag.109 - DVM #29 Pag.281 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #7169. Pag.65 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3708
Marcus Calidius, Q Metellus & Cn Fulvius Denarius. 117-116 BC45 viewsHead of Roma right, ROMA behind, * below chin.
Victory in biga right, holding wreath, M CALID below.
Calilida 1, Cr 284/1a, Syd 539
Possibly a fouree?
DIVA FAVSTINA45 viewsAR 17mm after 141AD
Obv - DIVA FAVSTINA - draped bust right
Rev - AED DIV FAVSTINAE - hexastyle temple with statue of Faustina
Reference - RIC III (Antoninus Pius) 343
Mint - Rome
Full Length Greek Gods45 viewsHere are some of the Greek gods depicted in full length form. As you might expect Athena seems to be a favorite deity as attested by these ancient coins. All are found on the reverse side except the stater coin from Tarsos.

Top Row: Zeus on Alexander III Tetradrachm; Apollo on Myrina Stephanophoric Tetradrachm; Dionysos on Maroneia Tetradrachm; Baal on Tarsos Stater.
Middle Row: Zeus on Bactrian Drachm; Athena Itona on Thessalian League Stater; Nike on Side Tetradrachm; Apollo on Seleukid Drachm; Athena on Cappadocian Drachm.
Bottom Row: Athena on Pergammon Tetradrachm; Athena on Seleukid Tetradrachm; Athena on Lysimachos Tetradrachm; Athena on Aigeaian Tetradrachm.
Jason T
Germany 1923 - D 200 Mark45 viewsGermany 1923 - D 200 Mark - Aluminumrexesq
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus45 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Thracia, Augusta Trajana, Geta, Schönert-Geiss 49645 viewsGeta, AD 209-211
AE 30, 16.5g
bust, radiate, cuirassed with scale armour, decorated with Gorgoneion, seen from behind, r.
Snake in four elaborate coils highly erected r., nimbate and radiate
Schönert-Geiss 496 (1 ex. known) (thanks Markus!); not in Varbanov
very rare, about EF, brown patina

The revers seems to show Glykon, the snake-god, invented by the Greek prophet Alexander of Abonutichus in the mid-second century. This is, at least, what we can deduce from the writings by the Greek author Lucian of Samosata (c.120-c.190), who devoted an extremely hostile (and extremely amusing) pamphlet to the charlatan he called Alexander the oracle monger.
1 commentsJochen
Mercury45 viewsAR Serrate Denarius, Rome mint, 82B.C. by C. Mamilius C.f.Limetanus

Obv: Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder, control letter M behind.
Rev: Ulysses walking right, holding staff and extending his right hand to his dog, Argos. C MAMIL on left, LIMENTAN (TA in monogram) on right.

Crawford 362/1 Sear RCV I 282 RSC Mamilia 6

Mercury was alleged to be the son of Jupiter and daughter of Maia, daughter of Atlas. It is thought that he was originally an Etruscan deity who was borrowed by the Romans. They later transferred all the myths and legends of the Greek god Hermes to Mercury. One of his main characteristics was his faithful attendance to Jupiter, to whom he acted as messenger. Among other occupations he was regarded as the patron of merchants and thus denoted by the winged hat (petasus) he wore. It was said that all business negotiations should be kept hidden under the hat and that the wings signified that the bargaining should be swiftly completed, like a bird flying through the air.
1 commentsnemesis
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aburius M. f. Geminus45 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 132B.C.

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, GEM behind. Ӿ below chin.
Rev: Sol in quadriga right, holding whip. M ABVRI (AB and VR in monogram) below, ROMA in exergue.
Weight 3.93g

Crawford 250/1 Sear RCV I 127 RSC Aburia 6
1 commentsnemesis
Diana45 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 79 BC
Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder. S.C. before. Border of dots
Rev: Victory in biga right, holding palm branch and reins in left hand, and laurel wreath in right hand. Control-mark A.IIII above exergue. TI.CLAVD.TI.F/ APN in exergue. Border of dots.
Weight: 3.88g
Crawford 383/1 Sear RCV I 310 RSC Claudia 6

Diana, the sister of Apollo, was regarded as the moon-goddess, but she was also the protectress of the young and the goddess of the chase. It is in this latter guise that she is depicted here with her attributes of bow and quiver depicting her as a huntress.
Ric-129(a) - Gordian III Salus45 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVGVSTI - Salus standing front, head right, feeding snake from patera

RIC-129a(r) Cohen-325
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Gordian III, Jurokova 48245 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 8.34g
bust, draped, laureate, r.
Dionysos, nude, with Thyrsos, riding on pather r.
Mionnet 778; Lindgren III, A65A; Jurokova 482; Moushmov 2707. No.3071
added to

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)45 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 13.43g, 27.54mm, 180°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
bust, laureate, cuirassed, with Gorgoneion on breast plate and Aegis with
erected snakeheads on l. shoulder
Nude Hermes, Kerykeion in r. Hand and purse in l. hand, standing l., r. foot on
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2056, pl. XVI, 23 (rev. same die)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4204
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
EF/good VF, exceptional, very rare bust variant, nice glossy-green patina
added to

Hermes, known as herald of the gods, was originally a stone deity, from 'herma', a stone heap as boundary or landmark, known from pre-historic times in Crete and other Greek regions.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
2 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III & Tranquillina, AMNG 236845 viewsGordian III, AD 235-244
AE 27, 14.45g
confronted busts of Gordian r. and Tranquillina l.
rev. ODH - C - CEITWN
Athena, helmeted, in long chiton and peplos stg.l., holding inverted spear in l. and owl l. in raised r. hand; shield on ground l.
AMNG I/1, 2358; Weber 2667; Moushmov 1683
very rare; about VF
added to

Odessos, today Varna/Bulgaria, an old Milesian colony.
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left, 45 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG (AV ligate), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT, Artemis walking left with bow and arrow; dog behind her.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 6,19g, axis:7h,
mint: Trache, Deultum, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov-II.(engl.)-2551, p-221, (cites Jurukova 1981, 372), SNG Bulgaria, Deultum 963-964, which is Jurakova 318.
Great Britain - Farthing - 1821 (George IV)45 viewsObv:- GEORGIUS IIII DEI GRATIA, Laureate, draped bust left
Rev:- BRITTANIAR: REX FID: DEF:, Seated Britannia facing right, holding a shield and trident, lion at feet, date below Britannia
Date: 1821. in exe. Peck 1407.

Mintage : 2,688,000
Reference:- Spink 3822 (Generic reference.).

Part of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim.
GREEK, Attica, Athens, "New Style" Tetradrachm45 viewsGreece, Attica, Athens, 122 BC, Silver Tetradrachm, 29mm, 16.73g

GREEK, Attica, Athens, Owl Tetradrachm45 viewsGreece, Attica, Athens, "Athenian Owl" Tetradrachm, 25 mm, 17.14g, 454-404 BC

Please also see the wonderful and comprehensive write up on the "Athenian Owl" at the link below:
Calabria, Taras Ar Nomos45 views(272-240 BC) Apollonios, magistrate.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback holding shield and spear.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin, holding trident; Nike above crowning him; waves below.
Vlasto 894-898. HN Italy 1038.
2 commentsMinos
Campania, Neapolis Ar Nomos45 views(320-300 BC)
Obv.: Diademed female head right.
Rev.: Man-headed bull walking right; Nike flying above, crowning bull, DI below.
SNG ANS 327.
1 commentsMinos
Hendin-509 / 119945 viewsHerod Antipas - full denomination (year 24 = 20 AD)
4.96 grams
Balbinus AR Denarius45 viewsBalbinus AR Denarius. April - June 238 AD. Rome mint. IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / P M TR P COS II PP, Emperor, togate, standing l., holding branch and parazonium. RIC 5


Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel - Fixed price list 473 (1985), 39.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
1 commentsTrajan
aa Pamphylia, Perge. Hadrian AE12. Artemis Pergaia45 viewsObv: Laureate bust of Hadrian r.
Rev: Temple containing simulacrum of Artemis Pergaia, eagle in pediment.
SNG Aulock 4671
Antoninus Pius/Salus AE Dupondius45 viewsAntonio Protti
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0730, Rome, AE-As, TRANQVILLITAS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, S/C//--, Tranquilitas standing half left, Scarce!45 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0730, Rome, AE-As, TRANQVILLITAS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, S/C//--, Tranquilitas standing half left, Scarce!
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Bare headed and draped bust left.
revers:- TRANQVILLITAS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Tranquilitas standing half left, holding short sceptre or baton and leaning on column.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 26mm, weight:9,46g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 134-138 A.D., ref: RIC-II-730, p-, C-1443var, Sear-, Scarce!
2 commentsquadrans
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0161, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma standing,45 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0161, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma standing,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:-COS-III, Roma standing, head left, holding Victory and spear.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 125-128 A.D., ref: RIC II 161, RSC-349, BMC-361,
2 commentsquadrans
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 118 AD45 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.DIVI.TRA.PARTH.F.DIVI NER.NEP.TRAIANO.HADRIANO.AVG (laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder)
rev: PONT.MAX.TR.POT.COS.II (legionary eagle between two standards), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 546b (S), C.1182 (5frcs)
mint: Rome
8.68gms, 28mm

History: Quintus Marcius Turbo (who was governor of Pannonia [117-118] and later became Hadrian's praetorian prefect) successfully led II Adiutrix against the Sarmatians in 118, this coin probably commemorated the succesfull campaign.
1 commentsberserker
02 - Hadrian Denarius 'Roma AD123'45 viewsHadrian
AR Denarius. 3.22 grams.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate head right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Roma seated on cuirass left, holding Victory and spear, shield behind.
1 commentsrexesq
Hadrian? Lead Seal45 viewsHead of Hadrian? right

Lead Seal

Three letters behind and infront of bust
1 commentsJay GT4
Horse Harness Strap Spliters45 viewsThese bronze items are part of Roman cavalry harness and are used to split one strap into three or to hang three straps from under one horizontal strap. I do not know the era.otlichnik
Mesopotamia, Hatra, SNG Copenhagen 23245 viewsAE 23
struck beginn - mid of 2nd century AD
obv. HTR DSMS (= Hatra of Shamash, city name in Aramaic)
Bust of Shamash, draped, radiate, r.
rev. big turned down SC, above eagle with opened wings stg. frontal, head l., all in laurel-wreath.
SNG Copenhagen 232; Slocum series 1, Walker type A
about VF, thick dark green patina

Hatra was an independent kingdom between Parthia and the Roman Syria. This coin is said to have been struck after the unsuccessfull siege by Trajan AD 117. The eagle above the turned down SC then is the symbol of this victory and not an error of the die-cutter.
KINGDOM OF HAWAII - Kalakaua I45 viewsHAWAII - Kalakaua I AR 25-Cents, 1883. Obv.: Bust of king left; date below. "KALAKAUA I KING OF HAWAII"
Rev: Coat of arms, denominaation 1/4 -D flanking; "UAMAU KE EA O KA AINA KA PONO. HAPAHA" Reference: KM#5.
Sear 849 - Follis - 626-627 AD (Year 17) - Cyprus mint45 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 626-627 AD (Year 17)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No Legend
Heraclius (in center), Heraclius Constantine (on right) and the Empress Martina (on left) all standing facing; each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, X//II; Beneath, .
Exergue: KVP

Cyprus mint
DO 184a; Sear 849
2.97g; 27.8mm; 180°
Israel, The Herodium Pool Complex45 viewsLloyd
HESSE-CASSEL45 viewsHESSE-CASSEL - WILHELM II & FRIEDRICH WILHELM - 1831-1847. AR 1 Thaler, 1841. KM#587.dpaul7
275 - 215 BC
AE 20 mm 5.8 g
2 commentslaney
Sassanids, Hormizd II, Goebl 83 cf.45 viewsHormizd II, AD 302-309
AR - drachm, 27.2mm, 3.48g
obv. legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, from r. to l.): .ly. .KLM n.KLM [ydzmrhw'] ygb nsd
[y?]zm (= The Mazdah worshipper, the divine Hormizd, the king of kings of
Iran, who is descended from the gods)
Bust, bearded, r., wearing crown with eagle r., holding pearl in beak, above
korymbos (Goebl crown type I)
rev. Fire-altar, girlanded, decorated with three globuli, burning, in the flames bearded bust of Ahura Mazda, l.; at l. side Hormizd wearing eagle-crown and korymbos, stg. r., and at r. side bearded priest, wearing mural crown, both with harem pants(?) and holding sword with both hands, behind legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, clockwise from upper right to l.): [ydzmrhw'] 'LWN (= The Fire of Hormizd)
cf. Göbl 83; cf. Mitchener ACW 867; cf. Paruck 176 (all with only one globukus)
about VF, small die break on rev.
Thanks to T.K.Mallon from for the legends!

Korymbos (often called globe in error!) = typical hair-doe of the Sassanids kings, hair of head combined ball-shaped above, covered in silk-rag. The crown was specific for each king.
Huszár 35, Unger 26, Réthy I 43 45 viewsHungary. Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1095-1116). AR denar, 10 mm.

Obv: + CA–LA–MA–RE Cross with twice-crossed arms, wedges at the ends.

Rev: + LADLAV•S REX (decaying legend), cross with wedges.

Struck in Esztergom. Hóman hypothesized that the chronology of Coloman’s coinage can be determined via the progressively diminishing average weights of the emissions. By this hypothesis, this emission is ranked 5/11, and was struck in the middle of Coloman’s reign.

Huszár rarity rating R1.

Ladislaus I (László in Hun.) (1077-1095) was canonized in 1192. His name typically appeared, albeit in an increasingly decaying form, on the reverse of 12th century emissions such as this.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-1, Unger 673m, Réthy II 306A, dated 1519 45 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGARI * 1519 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1509-1516, when he withdrew and relocated to Augsburg (per Pohl), yet coins apparently continued to be struck with his mark through 1520.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-11, Unger 432j, Réthy II 89A45 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, 14 mm.

Obv: + MOnETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets, club—club (privy mark) in fields beneath cross-arms.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck 1373-1382 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Boar - Gallienus45 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- HERCVLICONSAVG, Boar right
Exergue:- E
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0145 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #01
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,3 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis:10h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0245 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #02
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12 mm, weight: 0,34 g, axis:8h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
3 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0445 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #04
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,26 g, axis:1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #0245 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #02
avers:- Three lines with crosses at the ends and four crosses, two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with circles at the ends, dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,20 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-067, CHN-1-160, Huszar-180,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Byzantine Empire: Æ Anonymous Class D Follis, Attributed to Constantine IX (1042-1055), (Sear-1836)45 viewsObv: IC - XC.
Christ seated facing on throne with back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels with both hands.
Rev: IS XS / bASILE / bASIL.
Legend in 3 lines.
2 commentsSpongeBob
Agrippa45 viewsIn the name of Agrippa.
As 37-41, Æ 11.39 g. Head of Agrippa l. wearing rostral crown. Rev. Neptune standing l., holding small dolphin and trident. C 3. RIC 58
Green patina somewhat porous
4 commentsTLP
Macedonia, Thessaloniki45 viewsHead of Dionysos right wreathed with ivy / QESSALONIKI, goat standing right.
AE18. 6.0g.
SNGCop 365.
2 commentsDino
Macedonia, Skione. Before 421 BC.45 viewsMacedonia, Skione, Obol

AR Hemiobol. 0.4gms. 7mm.

Obv: Apollo Right.
Rev: Corinthian Helmet Right in Incuse square.

63.1 Marcus Aurelius Denarius45 viewsVF, Rome Mint, 169 AD
Rev. CONCORD AVG TRP XVI ex. COS III; Concordia, seated, holding wreath
GALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Æ 24mm Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE).45 viewsGALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Æ 24mm (. Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / TIBEP KLAVD, E TAP in exergue, tetrastyle temple set on two-tiered platform; within, statue of Zeus seated left. Hendin 914; SNG ANS 1110.1 commentsMaritima
SAMARIA, Caesarea Maritima. Claudius. 41-54 CE. Æ 23mm 45 viewsSAMARIA, Caesarea Maritima. Claudius. 41-54 CE. Æ 23mm
OBV:Laureate head right
REV:Inverted anchor in wreath.
Kadman -; Rosenberger 1; SNG ANS 744; Meshorer 356 (Agrippa II); RPC I 4848.
033 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464a, Scarce!, #0145 views033 Interregnum I., No King of Hungary, (1439-1440 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-464a, Scarce!, #01
avers:- K-•-+onR; border of dots.
revers:- ; border of dots.
diameter: 14mm, weight: 0,50g, axis:8h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: K-+onR (Pohl),
date:1439-1440 A.D., ref: Unger-464a, CNH-2-137, Huszar-595,
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Heraclea45 viewsA.D. 321-324
AE Follis
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG radiate, draped, cuirassed
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour]
Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on eagle tipped-sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; to r., captive.
in ex. SMHB right field X over II and an episemon for half
RIC VII Heraclea 51 R2

These coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria)and were reduced in value (from 25 to 12 and a half). He struck these in the names of all the rulers but the reduction in value was not recognized outside his territories.
KM # 151 Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland George IV copper penny 182245 viewsKM # 151 Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland George IV copper penny 1822. GOERGIVS IV, diademed head of king George IV left / HIBERANIA 1822, crowned Irish harp.oneill6217
Islam D 7.jpg
Umayyad - Islamic45 viewsAR Dirham. Umayyad . 97 AH. (715 AD)
Sulaymen Ibn Abd al-Malik (96-99 AH)
D.: 25 mm
Obv.: In the field, 3 line inscription : "There is no God but/ God alone/ He has no associate" ;
Marginal inscription: "In the name of God this Dirham was stuck in Wasit in the year seven and ninety."
Rev.: In the field, 4 line inscription: "God is one,/ God is Eternal: He begets not/ nor is begotten/and none is equal with Him in rank" (Quran: 112: 1-3)
Marginal inscription: "Muhammad is the Apostle of God whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truh that he might make it supreme over all other religions" (Quran 9:33)

W. 543
ISNY - Imperial City, 1508 Batzen45 viewsISNY - Imperial City, Maximilian I (1486-1519) AR Batzen, dated 1508. Obv.: Crowned eagle looking left; City arms on chest; M . NOV. CIVIT . YSNI . 1508 (Anchor-Like Marking) Rev.: 6-pointed star under Eagle, in the angles 5-pointed stars, GRA . MAXIMIL . RO . REG Reference: Nau 22.1 commentsdpaul7
Moesia Inferior, Istros. Severus Alexander AE20. Demeter45 viewsObv: Severus Alexander bust r. AVT K M AVP CEB ALEXANDROC.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and torch, altar at her feet. I-CTPI-HNWN.
Varbanov 664.
1 commentsancientone
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #0245 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #02
avers:- Cross between A - O, double arch above, wedge within crescent on top; border of dots.
revers:- Line dividing S; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-084, CHN-1-137, Huszar-127, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar45 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- a bar.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- a bar45 viewsFOOD AND WINE SHOP Via dell'Abbondanza Pompeii
The thermopolium was a shop selling wine and warm food. At this busy corner on the Via dell'Abbondanza, the food was kept in terra-cotta pots sunk in the serving counter. It could be eaten at the shop or taken out.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel45 viewsSome of the most fascinating clues about the lives of the ancient peoples who made their lives in Pompeii can be found in the numerous brothels in the city. It is an indication of the prosperity of the city -- people had money to burn. Here is one example of the Pompeian "houses of ill repute". I chose this one because of its unusual architecture and fine frescoes.

Ancient Pompeii was full of erotic or pornographic frescoes, symbols, inscriptions, and even household items. The ancient Roman culture of the time was much more sexually permissive than most present-day cultures.

When the serious excavation of Pompeii began in the 18th century, a clash of the cultures was the result. A fresco on a wall that showed the ancient god of sex and fertility, Priapus with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster and only rediscovered because of rainfall in 1998.[1] In 1819, when king Francis I of Naples visited the exhibition at the National Museum with his wife and daughter, he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals." Re-opened, closed, re-opened again and then closed again for nearly 100 years, it was made briefly accessible again at the end of the 1960s (the time of the sexual revolution) and has finally been re-opened in the year 2000. Minors are not allowed entry to the once secret cabinet without a guardian or a written permission.As previously mentioned, some of the paintings and frescoes became immediately famous because they represented erotic, sometimes explicit, sexual scenes. One of the most curious buildings recovered was in fact a Lupanare (brothel), which had many erotic paintings and graffiti indicating the services available -- patrons only had to point to what they wanted. The Lupanare had 10 rooms (cubicula, 5 per floor), a balcony, and a latrina. It was one of the larger houses, perhaps the largest, but not the only brothel. The town seems to have been oriented to a warm consideration of sensual matters: on a wall of the Basilica (sort of a civil tribunal, thus frequented by many Roman tourists and travelers), an immortal inscription tells the foreigner, If anyone is looking for some tender love in this town, keep in mind that here all the girls are very friendly (loose translation).

The function of these pictures is not yet clear: some authors say that they indicate that the services of prostitutes were available on the upper floor of the house and could perhaps be a sort of advertising, while others prefer the hypothesis that their only purpose was to decorate the walls with joyful scenes (as these were in Roman culture). The Termae were, however, used in common by males and females, although baths in other areas (even within Pompeii) were often segregated by sex.

John Schou
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #145 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers:-IVLIA-MAESA-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:- LAETITIA-PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and rudder on a globe in left hand behind.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-261 (Elagab), p-, ,
Caracalla - Serapis45 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 212 (2.94gm)
RIC IVi.193, RCV.6829v (C)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Dimitre Genoff (AAH)
Paul DiMarzio
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG45 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
Marcus Ambibulus procurator under Augustus, Æ, 9-12 CE45 viewsBronze prutah of Marcus Ambibulus, Procurator of Judea under Augustus, 9-12 CE, 16 mm.

Obverse: KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved to right;
Reverse: 8-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L – ΛΘ (Lambda theta) (= year 39 = 9/10 CE)

Reference: Hendin 636, SGIC 5607, TJC 313, AJC II, 281, Supp. V, 3.

Added to collection: November 27, 2005
Daniel Friedman
J5-Liberty Standing Quarter.jpg
Standing Liberty Quarter45 viewsStanding Liberty Quarter, 1928-D

Minted 1916-1930, 6.25 gr., 24.3 mm, reeded edge, .900 silver, .100 copper, Designer: Hermon A. MacNeil.

1928-D quarter, VG, 1,627,600 minted.

Reference: KM 145
Daniel Friedman
Jamaica - Half-Penny - 193845 viewsJamaica
King George VI
Half Penny, 1938
German States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B.45 viewsGerman States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B. Crowned EAR monogram, V below / 2 PFENNIGE 1855, B below, struck in a ring. Mintmaster Theodore Wilhelm Bruel.

KM # 221
Julia Mamaea 002 - 01 AE Sestertius - Venus Victrix45 viewsEmpress Julia Mamaea, Mother of Emperor Severus Alexander (222-235AD)
AE Sestertius. Struck 228-9 AD - Rome Mint.

obv: JULIA MAMAEA AUGUSTA - Diademed and draped bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX SC - Venus standing left holding helmet & scepter, shield at feet.

24.9 grams - HEAVY!

*Notes: This is a very thick and large sestertius of Julia Mamaea, great even patina and coloration as well as having a VERY bold and quite pleasant portrait of the Empress! despite some legend letters being worn or off the flan.
5 commentsrexesq
Julia Domna, Apameia45 viewsApameia in Phrygia, magistrate Artemas

IOYLIA DOMNA CEBAC, draped bust right

EPI ARTEMA G APAMEWN, five grain ears bound together on individual stalks

SNG Cop 215
Wildwinds Example (this coin)
3 commentsarizonarobin
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 108, Sirmium, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, B SIRM,45 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 108, Sirmium, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, B SIRM,
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//B-SIRM, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Simium, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 108, p-393,
1 commentsquadrans
AR Denarius of Julia Domna/ Venus Felix 193-201 AD 45 views2.70 gr. 18 mm. Sear Roman Coins and their Values [1988 edition] s1851
Julia Domna Denarius. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left holding apple and drawing out fold of drapery. RIC 580, RSC 198. _3145
Antonivs Protti
Julia Mamaea – RIC-360 (Severus Alexander)45 viewsDaughter of Julia Maesa and mother of Severus Alexander. Rome mint, 226AD. Silver denarius, (3.131 gm, 19.7 mm, die axis 180o), Rome mint, obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse VESTA, Vesta veiled standing half-left, palladium in right, long scepter in left; RSC III 81, RIC IV 360, RCV 8217, BMC 3811 commentsBud Stewart
Julia Soaemias denar45 viewsmother of Elagabalus
Julia Titi. AE-20. Troas, Assos. Griffin45 viewsTroas, Assos. Julia Titi, the daughter of Titus. Augusta, AD 79 - 91. Æ 20. 5.79 g. Draped bust rt. / Griffin reclining lt. RPC II 899; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. Very rare, only one specimen cited in RPC.1 commentsFausta
Marcus Junius Brutus45 viewsObv: LIBERTAS, head of Libertas with her hair in a bun, facing left.

Notice the interesting placement of the banker's mark by Libertas' eye. It almost gives the illusion that she is weeping. But for whom?

Rev: Lucius Junius Brutus (consul 509 BC) walking in procession left, between two lictors (official bodyguards) carrying axes, preceded by an accensus (public official who saw to civic functions), BRVTVS in exergue.

Footnote: A decade after he issued this denarius Marcus Junius Brutus' name would go down in infamy as the main conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar. His actions would plunge Rome into turmoil that would last for many years. Brutus' deep Republican sentiments are displayed in this issue honoring his illustrious ancestor Lucius Junius Brutus who deposed the last Etruscan King of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, in 509 BC and established the Republic.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 54 BC

4 grams, 19 mm, 270°

RSC Junia 31, S397
2 commentsSPQR Coins
Iustinianus-I. (527-565 A.D.), AE-Follis, (40 Nummia), SB 0158, Constantinopolis,45 viewsquadrans
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I45 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I (AD 527-565 ) AE 16 Nummi. Thessalonica mint. Obv: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG – Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: A in left field, I in center, SP to right; above: [Theta] EW . Exurge: TES = Thessalonica mint: Sear. Byzantine coins and their values., 186B, 5.44 g. dpaul7
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #0245 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #02
avers:- + CALMAN-RE (X/+), Crowned head facing; border of dots.
revers:- + LADISLAVS-RE (X/+) (or illegible legend) , cross in circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-033, CHN-1-040, Huszar-032,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #0145 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, cross between two lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX, Illegible legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0 mm, weight: 0,50 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-034-b, CHN-1-049, Huszar-041,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
China - Sheng Zu, Kang Xi reign, 1 cash, 1680-1699 AD, Board of Works Mint45 viewsCHINA, Qing Dynasty. Shèngzǔ, AD 1661-1722.
Kāngxī reign, 1661-1722.
Æ Wen. (24mm; 2.35g; 12h)
Kang Xi Tong Bao
Board of Works mint. Cast 1680-circa 1690.
Hartill 22.95; Hartill Qing 6.22 var. (diameter)
Laodicée Héliogabale.jpg
Laodicea (Lattakieh, Syria) - Elagabalus45 views[IMP.] C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right
COLONIA LAODICEA [...] / Δ E , eagle facing in shrine made of canopy supported by two columns

From the nice portrait, it is Elagabalus.
1 commentsGinolerhino
Larissa drachm45 views18-20mm, 5.90g

ex CNG
2 commentsareich
Ring45 viewsBronze finger ring, Roman
20mm inside diameter, 2.64g
Plain bronze band with oval (12 x 10mm) decorative area filled by diamond shape
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Lawrence Woolslayer
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, Eupator, the Great, c. 120-63 BC45 viewsGold Stater, 8.23g, EF
Restoring the Lysimachos type
Diademed head of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of Ammon / BAΣIΛEΩΣ LYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left arm on shield, transverse spear against her side, BY on throne, AP monogram under right arm, trident and two dolphins in ex
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
SNG Cop 1089 var
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Julia Domna AR Denarius45 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Denarius 3.10g / 19mm / -
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, veiled & right hand on her breast; holding scepter
Mint:(211-217 AD)
References: RIC IV / 2; 385c; Cohen 172; RCV 7105
Scotvs Capitis
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis45 viewsSeverus Alexander and Julia Maesa
Moesia, Markianopolis
AE 10.20g / 26mm / -
ΑVΤ Μ ΑVΡ CΕVΗ ΑΛΕΖΑΝΔΡΟC ΙΟVΛΙΑ ΜΑΙCΑ - Facing busts of Severus Alexander (facing right) and Julia Maesa (facing left)
ΙΟVΑ ΦΗCΤΟV ΜΑΡΚΙΑΝΟΠΟ - Serpent half erected right in four elaborate coils, E to left
Exergue: ΛIΤΩΝ
Mint: (221-235 AD)
Ref: Moushmov 729
Issued under legate Tiberius Iulius Festus
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!45 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG, (2, B1), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath to left.
exergo: -/A//•SIS•, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 1st. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-017, p-424, R2 !!
CHINA - Southern Tang Dynasty - Emperor LI HOUZHU45 viewsCHINA - Southern Tang Dynasty - Emperor LI HOUZHU (961-975 AD) AE Cash. KAI YUAN TONG BAO in Seal script. Hartill #15.99dpaul7
Luxembourg45 viewsKm23.2 - 10 Centimes - 1855-A
Km45a - 25 Centimes - 1970
Km46.3 - 1 Franc - 1957
Km55 - 1 Franc - 1970
Km59 - 1 Franc - 1987
Daniel F
lverus dup-.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE dupondius - struck 166 AD45 viewsobv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX (radiate head right)
rev: TR P VI IMP IIII COS II / S.C. (Victory standing left, head right, holding palm & setting shield inscribed VIC PAR on palm tree to right)
ref: RIC III 1458 (M.Aurelius), Cohen 208, BMC 1315
13.11g, 25mm
Lucius Verus, 7 Mar. 161 to Feb. 169 AD, Rome mint45 viewsOrichalcum sestertius; RIC III 1479, Sear RCV 5387, (BMCRE 1341), (Cowen 214); Rome mint; Weight 21.5gr., Max. Diameter 30.45mm; 168 A.D.; Obv. L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right, Rev. TR POT VIII IMP V COS III S C, Aequitas seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Bright green patina with some corrosion.

Ex. Andreas Kohn
2 commentsSteve E
(0161) LUCIUS VERUS45 views161 - 169 AD
AE 22.5 mm 3.84 g
O: IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate head right
R: PROFECTIO AVG TR P III [COS II], Lucius Verus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear in right
Rome RIC III 1356; rare
Macedonian Kingdom 1b img.jpg
Philip III Arrhidaeus, drachm, Price P4345 viewsSilver drachm
Obv:– Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress knotted at base of neck
Rev:– FILIPPOU, Zeus on throne, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and scepter, lyre left
Minted in Ionia, Kolophon, posthumus issue, , c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.
Reference:– Price P43

Minted shortly after Alexander's death, under the rule his brother, Philip III Arrhidaeus. Philip III was mentally disabled and power was divided among his advisors and Alexander's generals. Philip was murdered in October 317 by Olympias, Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson.

(0217) MACRINUS45 views217 - 218 AD
AE 25 mm 10.84 g
Macrinus45 viewsfr: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINUS AUG
1 commentspax
MAGNENTIUS AE3 AD350-35245 viewsobv: D.N.MAGNENTIVS.PF.AVG / A (bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind head)
rev: GLORIA.ROMANORVM / */ R Q (emperor in military dress galloping right, spearing barbarian with outstretched arms kneeling left in front of the horse, shield and broken spear beneath horse
ref: RIC VIII-Rome197
4.35g, 23x26mm
Maiorina COnstance II.jpg
Constance II, Maiorina (AE3)45 viewsAE 20.5 mm, 348/350 A.D., Aquilleia (Italy)
Obv: DN Constantius PF Aug, (B on left)
Rev: Fel Temp Reparatio, gamma
Ex: AQQ for quarta Aquilleia= 4 th officina of Aquilleia
Ref: CMIR, Vol IV, Juan R. Cayon, p. 2547 # 299
Jean Paul D
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 20. Caracalla & Geta, HrJ (2013) viewsCaracalla & Geta, AD 209-211
AE 27, 10.39g, 27.39mm, 180°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
below GETAC
Confronted busts of Caracalla, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Geta,
draped and cuirassed, laureate, l.
bust of Serapis, draped and with necklaces, wearing kalathos, r.
in l. field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 649 var. (without break in rev. legend
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1079 (Varbanov doesn't care about legend breaks!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
VF/about EF

Rev. is identical to AMNG I/1, 595 (Septimius Severus & Domna)
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2014) (plate coin)45 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.76g, 27.94mm, 45°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
below AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and holding in r. hand rudder, set on
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1162 var. (has no globe under rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2021 (cites AMNG 1161!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. (plate coin)
about EF, light roughness on obv., excellent portrait of Serapis
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 14. Septimius Severus, HrJ (2013) viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 28, 10.83g, 27.68mm, 210°
struck under governor Cosconius Gentianus
Bust, draped (and cuirassed?), laureate, r.
rev. MARKIANOPOLEITW - N Y K GENTIAN / [OV] (both Os as dots)
Dionysos, in short girded chiton and waving chlamys, with boots, stg. facing, head l.,
holding thyrsos in raised l. hand and kantharos in r. hand; l. at his feet the panther
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 550 (2 ex., Sophia, Sestini)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 713
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No.
Very rare, about VF, slight general roughness (Pick writes: Very coarse stile)
ex coll. Lars Rutten, thanks!

The clothed Dionysos is quite rare in this region (Pat Lawrence).
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 14. Septimius Severus, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)45 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 21, 6.18g, 21.33mm, 0°
bust, laureate, r.
in l. and r. field T - W - N
Tyche, draped, with kalathos, standing frontal, head l., holding cornucopiae in
l. arm and in r. hand rudder, set on globe
ref. a) AMNG 588 var. (lists several different rev. legends but not this)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 546 var. (different legends)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
VF+, nice green patina with earthen highlights

1st O of OPOL mit central dot, 2nd O of OPOL obviously forgotten and then added afterwards!
2 commentsJochen
400-350 BC - Maroneia, Thrace - Sear 1636 - Horse Obverse - Vine in Square Reverse - 2nd Example45 viewsMaroneia, Thrace
Date: ca. 400-350 BC
Condition: Fair
Size: AE14

Obverse: Horse prancing right; NK monogram beneath.

Reverse: MAPΩNITΩN around three sides of linear square containing vine; YE monogram beneath.

Sear 1636; BMC Thrace, pg. 129, #65;
SNG Cop, Thrace, #628-633
2.90g; 14.0mm; 330°
Maximinus II Daia, argenteus (Boyd collection)45 viewsMAXIMINUS II (309 - 313 d.C.), argenteus in billone. Zecca di Treviri
AE, 3.57gr., mm 19,0, BB/B, RRR (Sear, Roman Silver Coins ed. 1987)
D/ IMP MAXIMINVS AVG, busto radiato, drappeggiato e corazzato a sin,
R/ SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PTR in ex. Sol che tiene globo e frusta stante a sin, guida la quadriga
RIC 826 var., Coh. 174
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (3 novembre 2009, numero catalogo 10), ex W.S.Lincoln collection (London, 1890), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, novembre 1890), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005, lotto 687), ex Antony Wilson (Yorkcoins, New York-London, 2005).

1 commentspaolo
Maximianus Herculius coded antoninianus with unlisted bust type45 viewssilvered antoninianus from Siscia
Obverse: unlisted bust type with shield on emperor's right arm
Reverse: Conservator Avgg, coded series, officina beta (therefore KOY).
Roman Empire, Maximianus - AE didrachm45 viewsAlexandria
296 AD ?
laureate head right
Isis holding scepter and sistrum standing left
unpublished, Variant with Diocletian was sold by CNG: auction 63, Lot: 1104.

This coin was probably struck on the occasion of departure of ship (navigium Isidis) from Alexandria to Rome on the 5th of March.
It may be one of the last issues struck in Alexandria before the closure of the mint in 296 AD.
Maximianus coded - G with LI - RIC V, Siscia 580 var.45 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 3.14g, 23mm
Siscia 3. officina, 289 - 290
bare bust, head radiate r.
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, leaning on club, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
r. field: Gamma
exergue: XXI dot Lambda Iota
RIC V, Siscia 580 var., unrecorded; C.71
Scarce; VF, silvered

In RIC the Gamma is in the left field!
Lambda Iota, last group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at
1 commentsJochen
Struck A.D.287 - 288. MAXIMIANUS. Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria.45 viewsObverse: A K M OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB. Laureate bust of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: No legend. Homonoia standing facing left, right hand raised, holding double cornucopiae; in left field, star; across field, L Γ (= regnal year 3 = A.D.287-288).
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 7.25gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV: 4791 | Geißen: 3292 | Dattari: 5927 var.

065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 058, Rome, AE-Sestertius, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, #145 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 058, Rome, AE-Sestertius, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- PAX-AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, with olive branch.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 28,5-31mm, weight: 15,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-58, p-, C-34, BMCRE 7,
Macedonia, Thessalonica. Maximus Caesar AE2845 viewsAE 28, 12.52 gr. G IOULOUHR MAXIMOC KE, bare-headed, draped bust right / QECCALONIKEWN, Nike walking left, holding Kabeiros and palm branch. Mionnet Supp. III, 985; BMC 115 var.ancientone
Nero Aureus45 viewsRIC 59, C 313 Aureus
Obv: NEROCAESARAVGVSTVS - Laureate head right.
Rev: No legend Exe: SALVS - Salus seated left, holding patera.
1 commentsanthivs
Oriental Greek. Kings of Parthia. Mithradates II "the Great" AR Drachma.45 viewsCirca 121-91 B.C. (3.86g, 19mm, 12h). Sellwood-24.17; Shore-71; BMC Parthia-; MACW-. Rhagae Mint. Struck circa 119-109 B.C. Obverse diademed bust of Mithradates left; neck torque ends in pellet, monogram behind. Reverse BASILEUS MEGALOU ARSAKOU EPIPHANOU Arsakes I seated right on omphalos, holding bow; guide lines in legend. Well struck from high relief dies. Light even porosity. Good style. Choice aEF, toned. Very rare type (R2).

This rare type drachm of Mithradates meticulously follows the design of the much larger silver tetradrachmai of the ruler. One could be easily misled to think this particular coin to be a tetradrachm if the dimension and weight are not mentioned. This attests to the detail and artistry put into the coin.
1 commentsJason T
moneta 135.jpg
Constantius II, Nicomedia - RIC VII 19145 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing, either side of two standards.
exergue: SMN delta
Struck 340-341 A.D. at Nicomedia
Van Meter 72
moneta 202.jpg
Constantine II, Thessalonica - RIC VII 15745 viewsConstantine II AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left.
rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate with no doors, two turrets, six stone layers and star above.
exergue: SMTS delta
Struck 326-328 A.D. at Thessalonica
moneta 449.jpg
Constantine II, Nicomedia - RIC VII 15745 viewsConstantine II AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAES(DOT). Campgate with no doors, six stone layers, two turrets, star above.
exergue: SMN gamma
Struck 328-329 A.D. at Nicomedia
RIC VII 157 (R5!)
moneta 467.jpg
Constantine I, Trier - RIC VII 43545 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA. Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm branch, pushing captive seated on ground.
exegue: PTR crescent
Struck 323-324 A.D. at Trier
Van Meter 87
Note: Refers to a major victory over the Sarmatians in c.322 A.D.
SOLD, no longer in collection
moneta 503.jpg
Constantius II, Heraclea - RIC VIII 9045 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diadamed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back.
exergue: SMHB
Struck 351-355 A.D. at Heraclea
Van Meter 100
moneta 504.jpg
Crispus, Siscia - RIC VII 18145 viewsCrispus AE3
obv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C. Laureate head right.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT X. VOT X enclosed in laurel wreath.
exergue: ASIS sun
Struck 321-324 A.D. at Siscia
RIC VII 181 (scarce)
moneta 543.jpg
Constantine I, Constantinople - RIC VII 1645 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Laureate head right
rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Soldier standing left, looking right, reversed spear in right hand, left hand on shield set on ground.
left field: gamma
exergue: CONS
Struck 327 A.D. at Constantinople
RIC VII 16 (R3)
Van Meter 81
Morroco 3 falus.jpg
Morroco 3 falus45 viewsC166 - 3 Falus, Mint of Fez - 1873 / AH1290

Photo credit: Mark Lehman
Daniel F
Pompeii Dove Floor Mosaic45 viewsFloor mosaics in a home in PompeiiTitus Pullo
China - Ceramic mold for Wang Mang spades45 viewsWang Mang
Xin Dynasty
Ceramic coin mold
For "Da Bu Heng Quan", valued at 1 liang
Cf. Hartill 9.29
2 commentsArdatirion
Mysia AE15 Athena Owl smaller.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon AE1545 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Owl on palm branch, wings spread
Struck 2nd-1st Century BC
SG 3963
Mytilene AE19, 3rd-2nd century BC.JPG
Mytilene AE19, 3rd-2nd century BC45 viewsLESBOS, Mytilene. Circa 250-200 BC.
Laureate head of Apollo right
Lyre; monograms to lower left and right.
SNG München 734; SNG Copenhagen 387
2 commentsArdatirion
Napolean III KM 776.145 viewsFrance, Napolean III. NAPOLEAN III EMPEREUR 1856, head of Napolean III left / EMPIRE FRANCAIS DIX CENTIMES Eagle perched facing on perch, wings open. Mintmark A below.

mintage: 5,417,000 (combined with 1856)
NEAPOLITAN REPUBLIC - Henry de Guise45 viewsNEAPOLITAN REPUBLIC - Henry de Guise (1647-1648) AE 3 Tornesi, 1648. Obv.: Crowned shield with letters SPQN. Legend: HEN DE LOR DUX REIP N. Rev.: Bound wheat and olives, legend PAX ET UBERTAS 1648. Reference: KM #55. Ex Ardatirion collection.
These are always poorly struck, usually not this nice. The design quality of this piece is rather crude, and the SPQN is NOT aligned properly... letters are sideways. Usually they are straight. Probably made toward the end of the siege of the Republic by Spain.
From Wikepedia: The Neapolitan Republic was a Republic created in Naples, which lasted from 22 October 1647 to 5 April 1648. It began after the revolt led by Masaniello and Giulio Genoino against the Spanish viceroys.
The leader of the Republic was Henry II of Lorraine, duke of Guise, descendant of the former king of Naples Rene I of Anjou. The Republic had the following official names: Serenissima Repubblica di questo regno di Napoli ("Most Serene Republic of this Kingdom of Naples"), Reale Repubblica ("Royal Republic"), and Serenissima Monarchia repubblicana di Napoli ("Most Serene Republican Monarchy of Naples"). All indicated the double nature of the Republic, both republican and monarchical, and "Serenissima" was a purposeful comparison with the famous Italian maritime republic with the same title, Venice. The coat of arms was a red shield with the motto S.P.Q.N., in imitation of the well-known S.P.Q.R., the initialism of the Latin phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and the People of Rome"), Thus, the Neapolitan phrase meant "The Senate and People of Naples." The coat of arms contained the crest of the duke of Guise.
V-NERO-a- 004 Semis RIC I/47945 viewsSemis // LVGDVNVM

Bare head right with globe at point of bust

Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium

Weight. 4,2g; Ø: 22 mm; Reference: RIC I/479; Mint: LUGDUNUM
1 commentssulcipius
Nerva45 viewsAD 96-98. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.47 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 97. Laureate head right / Clasped hands. RIC II 14; RSC 20

The reverses of Roman coins often reveal the issues of the time. Nerva would not need to advertise that he had achieved concord with the army unless the relationship had been a problem. Often coins conveyed hope for progress not yet achieved and sometimes reverse types were completely fictional. In this case, Nerva's adoption of Trajan, a general on the German frontier, as Caesar and heir, successfully established harmony with the army.
3 commentsNemonater
BYZANTINE, Theodore I 1208-1222 Nicaea45 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor and St. Theodore with Patriarchal Cross Between Them
Sear 2061
Nigeria45 viewsKm5 - 1 Shilling - 1959
Km9 - 5 Kobo - 1976
Km13 - 50 Kobo - 1991
Daniel F
Bithynia, Nikaia, Severus Alexander BMC 102 var.45 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AE 22, 5.01g
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. 3 military standards
NI - K - A - EI / ΩN
BMC 102 var. (is undraped and has AVG on obv.)
F+, dark green patina
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)45 viewsCommodus ,AD 177-192
AE 16, 2.73g, 16.20mm, 315°
laureate head r.
in ex. PROC I - C / TRON
nude Herakles resting l. on lion-skin, holding club beneath
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, F+/about VF, brown patina

Reminiscent of the type of Eros reclining r. on lionskin (?), holding torch almost horizontally beneath him, known at Nicopolis for Caracalla Caesar and Julia Domna, AMNG 1468 and 1489, pl. XVI.4. There, however, one of Eros' wings is clearly visible above him. I'm not sure Eros is meant under Commodus too, since the all-important wing isn't visible. (Curtis Clay)

Where did I read that the Caracalla Eros Æ21 (Caesar) is as Eros also known elsewhere where Eros is playing Herakles, and is here sleeping as a very weary Herakles from all his Labors? So both answers may be true, or the wing (given Commodus's die engraver) might just not show. (Pat Lawrence)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 25. Diadumenian, HrHJ (2013) corr. (plate coin)45 viewsDiadumenian, AD 217-218
AE 26, 15.6g, 26.73mm, 225°
struck under governor Statius Longinus
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
Youthful mountain-god, nude to hips, sitting l. on rocks, holding branch in
raised r. hand and reed in l. hand resting on the rocks
ref. a) not in AMNG (but obv. and rev. dies known from other types)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov No. (2013) corr. (plate coin)
writes ANTWNI and doesn't mention the legend break
d) Megaw Nic4.36a (this coin)
added to

This type occurs in 2 subtypes. This is the somewhat rarer type with CTATIOV, nude youth and without 'bow' above rock in an unknown composition of dies (Thanks to Pat Lawrence!).
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)45 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 28, 11.52g, 25.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
in r. field in 2 lines ICT / RON
Apollo, nude, laureate, standing l., quiver over l. shoulder (?), sacrifying from
patera over burning altar, decorated with taenia, holding laurel-branch in lowered l. hand.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1908
obv. AMNG I/1, 1916
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 36. Gordian III, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)45 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.6g, 28.48mm, 210°
struck under governor Sabinius Modestus
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
in r. field one below the other I/C/T/[R]/ON (ON ligate)
Asklepios in himation stg. facing, head l., resting with r. hand on his snake-
staff, holding in l. arm puff of his garment
ref.: a) AMNG I/1, 2059
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4170
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
VF/F+, double struck of rev., thus weakness on l. obv.

One of the most beautiful portraits of Gordian III on provincial coins I have ever seen!
1 commentsJochen
Not ID.jpg
Punic 3 shekels45 views3 shekels - Utica. Circa 1st Century BC. Æ 28mm (16.75 gm). Jugate busts of the Dioskouri right. Above, two stars / Two horses standing right; Punic '>TG' above.

Mazard 341; SNG 428.
2 commentsTanit
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III & Theos Megas, AMNG 237145 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 11.40g
struck probably AD 238
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and the Great God of Odessos, in himation and with kalathos, hlding cornucopiae, l.
rev. ODHC - C - EITWN
price-crown, decorated with zigzag lines, two palm-branches sticking up from the opening, inscribed with DARZALEIA
in the field below E (for Pentassarion)
AMNG I/2, 2371; Moushmov 1675
rare, about EF
added to

DARZALEIA were games in honour of the Great God of Odessos. This type is one of the proofs that the Great God and the Thracian god Darzelas were mixed together. In AD 238 such games took place problaby in the presence of the emperor (Pick p.528).

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1865) AE-Medal, Pozsony, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1865), Scientific Conference, Pozsony"45 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1865) AE-Medal, Pozsony,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1865), Scientific Conference, Pozsony"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 40mm, weight:50,88g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1865 A.D.,
Otacilia Sestertius45 viewsOtacilia Severa --AE Sestertius. 19.80g, 30.1mm, Rome mint, 244-249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG S C, Concordia seated left holding patera and double cornucopia; ex Max Mehl. Purchased here at Forvm!featherz
BCC 39X45 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Denarius
Otho Caesar Augustus 69 CE
Bare head right
Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter
17.5mm 3.11gm. Axis: 180
RIC 10?
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes, 170 - 163 B.C. 45 viewsBronze diobol, Svoronos 1426, SNG Cop 311 - 318, Weiser 143, VF,
Alexandria mint,
7.899g, 20.5mm, 0o,
170 - 163 B.C.;
obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right;
reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, two eagles standing left, side-by-side, on thunderbolt, single cornucopia left
ex forvm

"The two eagles may symbolize the joint rule of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII."

new pic
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos45 views325-310 B.C.
Bronze AE17
4.38 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of bearded Pan left
Rev.: ΠAN around bull head left
SNG BM 890-3, SNG Cop 32, BMC 3, p.7, 17
4 commentsJaimelai
Roman, PHILIP II45 viewsAE sestertius. 248 AD. 18,11 gm. 10h. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind . IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. /
Philip II and Philip I, laureate and togate, seated left on curule chairs, each extending right hand; Philip I holding baton or short scepter in left hand. LIBERALITAS AVGG III. In exergue SC.
RIC IV 267a. s 9279.

Philipp II sestertius45 views30mm, 18.38g
obv: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES; bare-headed and draped bust right
rev: PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C; Emperor standing left, holding globe in right, inverted spear in left hand
(RIC 256a)
1 commentsareich
Philippus I. antoninianus45 viewsADVENTVS AVGGtibsi67
Philippus I. Arabs antoninianus * UNIQUE *45 viewsObv.: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG / PM
unknown mint
1 commentsTibsi
Philip V of Macedonia45 viewsAE 23.3x26.2mm
Obv. Head right wearing radiate crown, Helios?
Delta above
ca 221-179 BC
SNGCop 1258, Sear sg6795
1 commentsgparch
45 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Gallienus ROMAE AETERNAE45 viewsGallienus, 260-268 A.D., Antioch.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: ROMAE AETERNAE, helmeted Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear; star in left field.
1 commentsancientcoins
Procopius REPARATIO FEL TEMP45 viewsProcopius, AE3, 365-66 A.D., Constantinople (?) mint.
OBV: DN PROCOPIVS PF AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: REPARATIO FEL TEMP, Procopius standing, head right, holding labarum with cross (is it a cross?) and leaning on shield. Not sure of exergue.
Elagabalus VICTORIA AVG45 viewsElagabalus, 218-222 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
REV: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding diadem in hands, shield to each side, star to left.
1 commentsancientcoins
Picture 090.jpg
Alexander III halfpenny45 viewshooverman
TETRICUS II A.D. 271-274 Barbarous Radiate45 viewsjessvc1
Antoninus Pius - Funeral Pyre45 viewsRIC 436Ghengis_Jon
Antoninus Pius As Sow suckling young45 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ As. 143-144 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IMPERATOR II S-C, Sow seated right under helm-oak, suckling four young, another before, SC in ex. RIC 733, Cohen 450, BMC 1624ancientone
POLAND - John I Albert45 viewsPOLAND - John I Albert (1492-1501) AR 1/2-Grosch. Obv.: Crown within inner circle; .REGIS . POLOnIE. Rev.: Eagle with spread wings, head left, within inner circle; +MONETA + I + ALBERTI. Ref.: Kopicki #387. 0.88 G, c. 21 mm.dpaul7
Poppaea (63 - 65 A.D.)45 viewsBillon tetradrachm
O: NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AY, radiate head right.
R.ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, date LI right (year 10).
Alexandria mint 63 - 64 A.D.
Milne 216, Curtis 132, RPC I 5275, Geissen 157

Ex. Harlen J. Berk
6 commentsMat
PORTUGAL - Sancho II45 viewsPORTUGAL - Sancho II (1223-1247) Billon Dinhiero. VAZ S-2.dpaul7
Postumus DIANAE LVCIFERAE RIC V/2 29945 viewsAnt, 20mm, 4.11g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: DIANAE LVCIFERAE, Diana walking R with torch and quiver.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 4.

RIC v/2 299, Common.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
ROMAN EMPIRE, POSTUMUS. AR ANTONINIANUS of Treveri. Struck A.D.265 - 268.45 viewsObverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.
Reverse: IOVI STATORI. Jupiter standing facing left, head turned to right, holding thunderbolt in his left hand and sceptre in his right.
RIC V : 309 | RSC IV : 159a.

M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus was appointed commander of the Rhine legion by Valerian I. In A.D.259 he rebelled against Gallienus and ruled Gaul, Spain and Britain for almost a decade. Not only did he successfully fight against the German tribes on the Rhine frontier, he also thwarted repeated attempts by Gallienus to overthrow him. However, in A.D.268, Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus rebelled against Postumus and, while Laelianus was defeated and killed, Postumus was assassinated by his own troops for refusing to allow them to sack Moguntiacum which had supported the rebel.


2 comments*Alex
Probus antoninianus45 viewsPROVIDEN DEOR2 commentsTibsi
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Trophy between two captives. Both captives looking left The left captive's hands tied and held behind the back, the right captive's hands tied and held in the lap.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 821, p-, Alf-101, No-14,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #145 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #1
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(F)
revers:- A-DVENT-V-S-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R*Δ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 278 A.D., 3rd. emission, ref: RIC-V-II 165, p-35,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 203, p-39,
035 - Probus (276-282 AD), antoninianus - RIC 87845 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA dot deltha dot in exe), officina 4, 4th emisson 277 AD.
Bust type G.

3 commentspierre_p77
Profectio Dlsd45 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped on left shoulder
Reverse: PROFECTIOAVGVSTI, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander laureate, in military dress, on horseback right, holding transverse spear in right hand, preceded by Victory holding wreath up in right hand
BMC 748-9, RIC 596
Weight, 17.01g; die axis, 12h.
Bithynia, Prusias I, SNG Copenhagen 639 #245 viewsKingdom of Bithynia, Prusias I., 183-149 BC
AE 20, 5.00g
obv. (anepigraphic)
Head of Dionysos, with ivy-wreath, r.
rev. Kentaur Cheiron, stg. r., holding Lyra with both hands, waving chlamys behind him
Monogram in lower r. field
SNG Copenhagen 639; BMC 9; SG 7266
about VF

For more information look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'
German states. Prussia. Friederich Wilhelm III. .5210 silver 4 Groschen 1805 A.45 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich Wilhelm III. .5210 silver 4 Groschen 1805 A. FRIDRERKVS WILHELM III BOROSS REX, bust left / Crowned arms dividing date 1805, PURA COLON 84 EX MARCIA, value 4 GR and mint-mark A below.

KM 370
P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus45 viewsSilver denarius, Rome, 42 BC
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Diana Lucifera standing facing, holding two long torches,
bow and quiver on shoulder, P. CLODIVS to right, M.F to left.
Crawford 494/23. Sydenham 1117.
Sergius Silus
Schjöth 1466 var., Hartill 6.76 Type H1, KM 39145 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1799 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), old branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a six stroke, open bei.

Type H1 coins are of a good size and workmanship. The Z yi is written with straight lines, the dots of tong are vertical, and the Y- of yuwan is long and curved. The coins cast by the old branch have a square head two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 9
China - Ren Zong, 1796-1830 AD45 viewsRen Zong
Qing Dynasty
1 cash, 1796-1820
Board of Revenue Mint
Hartill 22.481
RI 030e img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Denarius - RIC ???45 viewsObv:– IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERTAS [PVBLICA], Libertas standing left, holding pileus and staff
Minted in Uncertain mint in Spain. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II ???

RI 054a img.jpg
054 - Lucilla denarius - RIC 78845 viewsObv:– LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, Draped bust facing right
Rev:– VESTA, Vesta standing left, sacrificing out of simpulum over lighted altar and holding palladium
Reference RIC 788
RI 064dl img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-E-DVC, Fortuna standing left holding cornucopiae in each hand
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC unlisted. RSC/Cohen unlisted. No examples in the Reka-Devnia hoard
RI 071r img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 16145 viewsObv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left between two sheilds, carrying wreath, star in field
References:– RIC 161, RSC 300

RI 079a img.jpg
079 - Julia Mamaea denarius - RIC 33845 viewsObv:– IVLIA MAMAEA AVG , Diademed and draped bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicity seated left, holding scepter and a cornucopiae
References:– RIC 338, RSC 24
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132eb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIS)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIS in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132hv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (Siscia) (XXIS)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 5 Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference(s) – RIC 816 var. Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (spear and shield is S) Not listed with this bust type in RIC.
Weight 4.16 gms
Size 23.69mm
RI 132jn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (None)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (None) Emission 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132jv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 877 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KAΔ) (unlisted with this bust type)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse
Minted in Serdica (KAΔ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 877 var. Bust type H. (RIC does not list this entry with this bust type)
RI 147b img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 15a note45 viewsObv:– FAL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV - L - I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (Γ in right field, ALE in exe.) in A.D. 294
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 15a note. (FAL VAL legend variety noted in the Vienna collection)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147i img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 25145 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, Laureate, bust right
Reverse Legend – CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing up with head up and wings spread on altar
Minted in Lugdunum (PLG in exe.). Summer A.D. 307 to Summer A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 251 (Scarce). Bastien XI 436 (4 examples cited)

Weight 6.96 gms.
Size 22.22mm on Obv. X-Axis, 22.94mm in Obv. Y-Axis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RIC 0155 Titus45 viewsObv : IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, Laureate head left
Rev : PAX AVGVST / S - C in field; Pax standing left, holding cornucopia and olive branch
AE/Sestertius (34.21 mm 26.56 G 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 155 (C), BMCRE 171-173
Ex Artemide Aste Auction XXXV Lot 136
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0392 Domitianus45 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0564 Domitianus45 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANICVS, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII, across field, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius (20.78 mm 3.39 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D. (2nd group)
RIC 564 (R2) - RSC 68
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 096a 45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– VOTA PVBLICA, Severus standing left, holding patera over altar sacrificing
Minted in Rome. A.D. ???
Ref:– RIC 96a. RSC 777. BMCRE W178
1545 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory standing left with wreath and palm
London mint
RIC 15
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory standing right inscribing shield VO XX
Mint 2 (Cologne), Issue 2
Cunetio 2469
"Suffolk" hoard
1 commentsmauseus
117a45 viewsSabina
AE 20mm
Perinthus in Thrace
Demeter standing left
BMC -; Moushmov 4453; Varbanov 3764
145 viewsObverse
VI over G
Crowned 1641
Tetricus II: Mint and Issue uncertain45 viewsBrockage
Radiate, draped bust right
Aurelian Milne 430345 viewsAlexandria
Milne 4303
6945 viewsVitellius 69 AD
AR denarius
Lugdunum mint
Laureate bust left
Mars walking left
Lugdunum mint
RIC - (cf 51)
3.2 grammes, die axis 240 degrees
5 commentsmauseus
Venice italy45 viewsRandygeki(h2)
Lucius Verus Sestertius45 views163-164 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS - Laureate head of Lucius Verus.
Rev.: REX ARMENIIS DATVS IMP II TR P IIII COS II S-C - Verus seated l. on platform; behind him two soldiers; in front, officer standing r., holding rod; below, Sohaemus raising r. hand to his head.
RIC 1374.
1 commentsMinos
Romanus III45 viewssolidusantvwala
Roman Empire, Maximinus I (235-238) AR Denarius (RIC-19)45 viewsObv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate draped bust facing right
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter
3 commentsSpongeBob
RPC II 1801Vespasianus45 viewsObv: AYTOKPATΩP OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, Laureate head left
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY H, Zeus Salaminios standing facing, holding patera in right hand, left hand resting on a short sceptre; eagle on left arm
AR/Tetradrachm (24.84 mm 12.88 g 12h) Struck in Uncertain Cypriot mint 75-76 A.D.
RPC 1801, Prieur 1561, BMC 21
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Second Punic War, Vanquished Enemy Overstrike, 211-204 B.C.45 views" This coin is from Andrew McCabe's group H1, a previously unrecognized late Second Punic War issue, overstruck on the coins of Rome's vanquished enemies, from a mint or mints in Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia. The most common undertype is Carthaginian Tanit / horse types, but coins of Capua, the Bretti, Syracuse and other coins of the vanquished were also overstruck. For reasons unknown, these coins were overstruck on types that weighed half the standard for the same denomination at Rome. In the past these coins were often assumed, based on their weight, to date to the late second century or first century B.C."

Bronze triens, McCabe Anonymous group H1, cf. Crawford 56/4 (Rome mint, normal weight), VF, overstruck, nice green patina, 6.827g, 20.5mm, 270o, Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia mint, 211 - 204 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA above, four pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection;
Roman Imperial AR denarius, Vespasian (69-79 AD), "Judaea Capta" issue struck ca. 69-70 AD45 viewsObverse- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse- Captive Jewess seated right, hands tied before, trophy of captured arms behind, IVDAEA in exergue.
RIC 2, RSC 226, 3.17 g.
NGC Ch F (Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5), cert. #4095350-004.
Ex- eBay purchase (perhaps from seller "antiquarica"), January, 2011 (purchased raw).
Comments: If you're going to have just one Vespasian coin, it really should be a Judea Capta. Not only does this one have a poignant and strong historical association with the Roman conquest of Judaea, but an excellent strike and full obverse legends as well. One can't help but think of the tragic siege of Masada when holding this coin.
3 commentslordmarcovan
102. Trajan; Cappadocia, Caesarea45 viewsTrajan Ae21
Lion skin over club, Holed.
2 commentsecoli
Sabina D.jpg
Sabina As45 viewsSabina Æ As. SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left elbow on statue of Spes, Cornucopiae below.

RIC 1037

091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 029, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left, #245 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 029, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left, #2
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-029, p-, Göbl-227b,
Salonina, Salus45 viewsAntoninianus

diademed and draped bust right resting on a crescent

Salus standing right feeding serpent

RIC 88 ; RSC 105; Sear5 10652
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous45 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198545 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
29mm 3.00 gm
C. Scribonius - denarius Cr. 201/145 viewsC. Scribonius. Ca. 154 BC. Denarius subaeratus, 3.71 g; obv. helmeted head of Roma right, 'X' behind; rev. the Dioscuri galloping right, C. SCR. below, ROMA in ex. Crawford 201/1; Syd. 380.Bartosz A
AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53445 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
selim iii.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SELIM III45 viewsSelim III silver para 1204 AH (1790AD) 8th YEAR mm, 0.27 g. dpaul7
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I ???, Rome ???, barbar ???, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, 45 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I ???, Rome ???, barbar ???, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-, Laurate bust right.
revers:- ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome ???, date: A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-74, p-, RSC-6, S-, ???
Septimius Severus, AE 2845 viewsAV K L SEP SEVHROS
Bust laureate, draped, seen from behind
Dionysos (Sabazios?) standing facing, head left, holding thrysos and kantharos, panther at his feet
cf. AMNG Pick 557 but Dionysos is clothed, not nude. Possibly a depiction of a Thracian cult of Dionysos.
cf. Varbanov (Eng.) I, 746 but with legend variations - same obverse die as Varb. 750 with Dionysis reverse
1 commentswhitetd49
286/1 M. Sergius Silus45 viewsM. Sergius Silus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 116-115 B.C. (3.81g, 17.98mm, 9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, EcX SC before, ROMA X (XVI ligature) behind. Rev: helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q below horse’s forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in ex. RSC I Sergia 1a, Sear 163, Ex Warren Esty.

The reverse depicts the grandfather of the moneyer, who, during the Punic War, reportedly suffered 23 wounds and the loss of a hand but continued the fight. The EX SC on the obverse indicates the coin was struck by a quaestor by special decred of the Senate. Quaestors were the immediate supervisors of the moneyers, but occasional struck udner their own name as well.
2 commentsLucas H
Sestercio ANTONINO PIO RIC 904.jpg
31-32 - ANTONINO PIO (138 - 161 D.C.)45 viewsAE Sestercio 33 x 31 mm 23.0 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG [PIVS P P TR P XVI]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA [AVG COS IIII]" - Indulgencia sentada a izquierda levantando su brazo derecho y portando cetro en izquierdo.

Acuñada 152 - 153 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #904 Pag.139 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4183 Pag.221 - BMCRE #1920 - Cohen Vol.II #452 Pag.314 - DVM #75 Pag.138
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina II, Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, AE Sestertius45 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Severus Alexander Iovi45 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 200, sharp EF, 3.056g, 20.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, cloak hanging over arm, thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of emperor at feet left. Ex. Forvmfordicus
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,45 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. ϛ in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Severus II, Siscia RIC VI-170a45 viewsAE Quarter-Folles
Siscia mint, 305-306 A.D.
19mm, 2.28g
RIC VI-170a

Laureate head right

SIS in exergue
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopiae.
Severus II, Siscia RIC VI-170a45 viewsAE Quarter-Folles
Siscia mint, 305-306 A.D.
18mm, 2.06g
RIC VI-170a

Laureate head right

SIS in exergue
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopiae.
Severus Alexander Sestertius Victoria Augusti45 viewsSeverus Alexander AE Sestertius. IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder / VICTORIA AVGVSTI S-C, Victory standing right inscribing VOT X on sheild attached to palm tree.
Ref Severus Alexander AE Sestertius, RIC 616, Cohen 567, BMC 643, RCV 8021
Schjöth 1418, Hartill 21.3 (Type E), KM 30645 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

1 cash, 1660-1661, Snanxi Province (Datong mint), 28 mm

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Tung (in Manchurian) to the left and Tung (in Chinese) to the right.

Hartill rarity 8
POLAND - Sigismund III45 viewsPOLAND - Sigismund III (1587-1632) AR 3 Polker, 1623. KM #15.dpaul7
Chimera45 viewsSikyon Hemidrachm Sear greek 2774Ghengis_Jon
Pamphylia, Sillyon. Lucilla AE24. Bust of Men45 viewsLucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, wife of Lucius Verus, Augusta, 164-182 AD. AE24, 9.5g.
Obv: ΛΟΥΚΙΛΛΑ CEBACTH. Draped bust right, hair gathered in back in Chignon.
Rev: CIΛΛYEΩN. Draped bust of Mên right, crescent at shoulders.
spain 2.jpg
SPAIN - Enrique II?45 viewsApparently double-struck! Legend reads ENRICVS -- Real de 3 maravedis?????

Approx. 25 mm.
1877 Spain Cinco Centimos45 viewsSpain 1877 Cinco Centimos, Bronze.
* 1877 *
Celtic imitation of Macedon AE 2245 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
type: (A?)5B
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
8,37g 22-20mm

original coin probably is:

187-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Head of goat and one ivy-leaf under Strymon's head are slightly visible.

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Sulpicius Galba45 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
Italy, Port facilities of Sybaris45 viewsExcavated remains of the port facilities of Sybaris. These are located on the Casa Bianca site in the easternmost section of the Sybaris archaeological park. Sermarini
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI Tetradrachm (12.89 g, 26 mm).45 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI Tetradrachm (12.89 g, 26 mm). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Z below bust / Eagle standing left on palm, head left, tail to right. Prieur 588; McAlee 1126g. 2 commentsAntonivs Protti
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #145 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-, LV 2194-5
Taras, Calabria45 views281-272 BC (Period VII)
AR Drachm (16mm, 2.85g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Owl with open wings standing right on thunderbolt; TAPANTINΩ[N] to left, ΣΩ upward to right.
Vlasto 1077ff; Cote 432; cf McGill II, 139; Hands Period VII, Type VI; SNG ANS 1320; HN Italy 1018; Sear 373 var.
Struck from worn or corroded dies.
ex Holger Siee Munzhandlung

The Owl drachms of Taras began about the same time as the Herakles & Lion diobols (circa 334 BC), and like the diobols were intended as a federal issue. From the beginning these drachms were minted to the lower weight standard which would not be applied to the didrachms of Taras until 281, the time of the Pyrrhic wars.
It is my opinion that all of the 'open wing' type owls are post-Pyrrhic.

1 commentsEnodia
Taras, Calabria45 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.05g, 10h)
O: Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; club above amphora to left, ΕΥP between legs.
Vlasto 1438; Cote 597; SNG Cop 1004; HN Italy 1062
Very Scarce
From the Frank James collection. ex Spinks; ex Walter Holt; ex Roma Numismatics

Facing heads do not occur often on Tarentine coinage, and the Athena with triple-crested helmet motif has always captivated me. so i am very happy to add this scarce type to my collection.
2 commentsEnodia
Cilicia, Tarsos. AE35. Philip I or II / Spes45 viewsCilicia, Tarsos AE35 23.4gm.

Philip I or Philip II as Augustus, same obv. die as Ziegler, Smaller German Collections, pl. 42, 799 ("Philip II"); SNG Paris 1730 ("Philip I"); and SNG Aulock 6062 ("Philip I").

The light beard would speak for Philip I, yet the features look different and younger than other portrait dies at Tarsus that are definitely Philip I. -Curtis Clay

Tetricus II RIC V, 25845 viewsTetricus 273 - 274 Caesar, son of Tetricus, Gallic Empire
AR - Antoninianus, 2.31g, 18mm
draped bust, radiate head r.
priestly implements
RIC V/2, 258; C.57
about VF?
added to

Priestly implements (from l.):
ASPERGILLUM (missed), whisk for sprinkling holy water
SIMPULUM, laddle
GUTTUS, narrow-necked jug
sacrificial knife
LITUUS, short curving staff, hooked at the end
1 commentsJochen
I45 viewsTetricus I AE Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 100
Date: AD 270-273
Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing l., holding olive branch and vertical scepter.
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 2.1grams

“He was a member of one of the leading families of Gaul…and apparently a popular choice. Tetricus was installed as emperor at Bordeaux in the spring of AD 271, and then set out for Trier, the imperial capital. Before reaching Trier he took steps to defeat a Germanic invasion, and he fought against the Germans again the following year. There is little doubt that the new emperor was an accomplished and respected military commander. In the spring or summer of AD 273 he made his son, also called Tetricus, formally heir-apparent, with the rank of Caesar. Father and son were together at Trier early in AD 274, when Aurelian marched against them. The forces of the Gallic empire took the field to oppose him, but in a hard-fought battle at Chalons-sur-Marne Aurelian’s army gained the upper hand. Tetricus and his son surrendered, and the breakaway provinces of Britain, Gaul and the two Germanies were reunited with the rest of the Roman empire. The end of the story had a curious twist, for several writers tell us that Tetricus had reached a secret understanding with Aurelian before the battle, and surrendered as soon as the fighting began. It is even said that Tetricus invited Aurelian to invade, beseeching him to rescue him from his political difficulties. Still more surprising is it to find that Aurelian did not execute Tetricus, or even imprison him, but gave him a senior administrative position in southern Italy (governor of Lucania), where he lived into old age. His son, too, was pardoned…Aurelian’s policy was clearly one of pacification rather than repression, and the western provinces were welcomed rather then cajoled back into the fold.”- from Chronicle of the Roman Emperors by Chris Scarre (1995)
4 commentsNoah
Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. Two dolphins45 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. AR. Obs: Head of Satyr right. Rev: ΘΑΣ. Two dolphins. SNG. Cop. 1033.Podiceps
Theoderic the Great - Ravenna - quarter siliqua45 viewsTheoderic the Great (454-526), Ostrogothic king (471-526) and ruler of Italy (494-526). AR quarter siliqua (11 mm, 0.64 g) in the name of Justin I, minted in Ravenna 518-526. Obverse: diademed bust right, D N IVSTI-NVS AVC. Reverse: Monogram of Theoderic with cross above, all within wreath. Metlich 55.1 commentsJan (jbc)
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123745 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
(Overstruck on an uncertain undertype. Christ's face is visible to the left of the Emperor.)
Macedonia, Thessalonica, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 370, ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΣ ,Two Centaurs,45 viewsMacedonia, Thessalonica, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 370, ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΣ ,Two Centaurs,
avers:- Head of Janus, bearded.
revers:- Two Centaurs prancing, each holding branch, ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΣ, below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5mm, weight:6,90g, axes:1h,
mint: Macedonia, Thessalonica, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: SNG ANS 805, SNG Copenhagen 370, Moushmov 6633,
1 commentsquadrans
Greek, Thrace, Thasos tetradrachm (168-148 BC)45 viewso/ Head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy
r/ Herakles, standing left, resting on club, lionskin draped over left arm; HM monogram at inner left.
16,67g. 31mm.
BMC 78
2 commentsAugustin Caron
Thasos. Circa 435-411 B.C. AR 8, Obol45 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Ca. 435-411 B.C. AR obol.
8mm, 0.5g. Two leaping dolphins / Quadripartite incuse square
SNG Copenhagen 1020. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Tiribazos obol45 viewsCilicia, Tiribazos second time as karanos unique, 386-380 BC, Obol, 0.72g
Balltars standing left
Head of Ahuramazda right
Ref SNG Levante 216; SNG Paris 234; SNG von Aulock 5415, rare type
Q. Titius - quinarius45 viewsQ. Titius. 90 BC. AR Quinarius, 1.94g; obv. Draped and winged bust of Victory right; rev. Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below. Crawford 431/2, Syd. 693.Bartosz Awianowicz
TITUS45 viewsAR denarius. 80 AD. 3.45 gr. Laureate head right. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIANVS AVG P M. / Dolphin coiled around anchor TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP. RIC 26a. RSC 309.
Ex eBay.ancientauctionhouse.
1 commentsbenito
titus as caesar cadeceus.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC V69445 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC V694 (R2), BMC p 29 *, RSC 167
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR POT; Winged caduceus, upright.

A reverse that copies one of Vespasian. The caduceus symbolizes commercial prosperity and may be associated with the censorship. (BMCRE p xxxvii)

Not in the BM's collection, but noted in the catalog. Both the RIC and RSC list it however. Not a common coin, not a very rare one either. Good metal, wonderful early portrait, and in good condition (Titus' beard is visible).
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus pulvinar series45 viewsTitus. AD 79-81. Denarius 19mm 3.58g. Rome mint. Struck January-June AD 80.
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate, bearded. Head right
R: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, pulvinar (throne) of Jupiter and Juno: square seat, draped, surmounted by horizontal winged thunderbolt. RIC II 119; RSC 316; BMC 51
1 commentsNemonater
Titus45 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 112, RSC 309.
Rome mint, AD 80.
18 mm x 19 mm, 2.89 g.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor.

The reverse type of dolphin and anchor was part of a series by Titus honoring various deities (here, Neptune) following the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii.
2 commentsMarsman
Titus denarius from the Ephesus mint.45 viewsDenarius for Titus. Ephesus mint. Circa 74 AD.
3.30 grs.
Observe : IMP T CAESAR – COS III Laureate head right.
Reverse : PACI – AVGVSTAE Victory advancing r., holding wreath and palm branch; at lower r. field, star.
RIC Vespasian 1461 Group 8.
Rarity : R2.
A lovely portrait in the same spirit of my RIC 1470.
Ex Harry Sneh collection.
5 commentslabienus
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Caracalla, AMNG 2900 var.45 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 25, 9.45g
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. TOMEWC MH - [TRO] PONTOV (MH ligate)
Emperor in military cloak, cuirassed and laureate, stg. l., holding spear in l.
hand and small Victory in outstretched r. hand.
AMNG I/2, 2900 var. (has AV.K.M.AVRH.)
rare, VF/about VF

Legend error on obv., N instead of M.
2 commentsJochen
II-TRAIANUS -b - 002 Tridrachme Syd. 226; SNG Cop 21645 viewsAv) AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK
Laureate bust with drapea on left shoulder, right

Aquila between two standartes

Weight: 10,3g; Ø: 24mm;
Reference: Syd. 226; SNG Cop 216
Mint: CAPPADOCIA // CAESAREA; struck: 112-117 A.D.
2 commentssulcipius
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0271, Rome, AR-Denarius, S•P•Q•R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Felicitas standing left,45 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0271, Rome, AR-Denarius, S•P•Q•R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- S•P•Q•R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19,4mm, weight:3,22g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 112-114 A.D., ref: RIC-II-271-p-263, RSC-404,
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0503a, Rome, AE-As, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S-C, Pax standing left, 45 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0503a, Rome, AE-As, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S-C, Pax standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate head right, aegis on left shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Pax standing left, stepping on captive, holding branch and cornucopia.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 25-26,5mm, weight: 9,27g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-503a-p-, C-408,
Trajan Decius.bmp
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Ros-130 AE2845 viewsObv:bust r, luar cuirassed
Rev:two eagles holding weath un beak between them a military standard inscribed L III GAL
Trajan semis.jpg
Trajan, Semis45 viewsRIC 645
Rev: DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP around wreath enclosing S C.

Apparently struck at the Rome mint for circulation in Syria, so could alternatively be classed as an AE23 of Antioch.
E Pinniger
Trajan AE Dupondius Mourning Dacian RIC 563 45 viewsTrajan AE Dupondius. 104-107 AD. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate head right / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, in ex S C, Dacia seated left, in attitude of mourning, on shields and arms; before her a trophy. Ref RIC 563, Cohen 5331 commentsmattpat
Lycia, Masozytes, Trajan SGIC 109645 viewsTrajan 98 - 117
AR - Drachme, 3.53g, 18.7mm
Masozytes/Lycia 98 - 99
laureate head r.
rev. ΔHM EΞ - YΠAT B (=COS II)
two three-stringed lyres side by side, owl above, a foot on each lyre
SGIC 1096; SNG von Aulock 4268; SNG Copenhagen 45
nice EF, mint luster, fine, bold portrait!
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

MASOZYTES, together with Kragoi, was one of the main regions of the
Lycian League. Apollo/Lyre was the type of their coins
3 commentsJochen
Trajan - AE30 of Cappadocia, Rev. Horned bust of Zeus45 viewsTrajan AE30 of Caesarea, Cappadocia. COS 5 = 103-111 AD. AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM DAK, laureate bust right, draped far shoulder / DHMARC EX UPATO e, horned & bearded bust of Zeus Ammon right. Sydenham 2321 commentsmattpat
Trajan AR Denarius Jupiter protecting Trajanus RIC 29845 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt & scepter, protecting Trajan holding branch. RIC298, RSC 108, Kampmann 27.37.3 mattpat
Trajan, 98 - 117 AD45 viewsObv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Trajan, seen from back.

Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Pax seated left on a throne, holding a branch and a scepter, a Dacian captive kneels before her.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 107 AD

3.2 grams, 18.41 mm, 180°

RIC II 189, RSC 418, S3162 (var.), VM 32/12
SPQR Coins
Trajan, RIC 642, Sestertius of AD 116-117 (Conquest of Mesopotamia)45 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.2g, Ø33mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117.
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TRP COS VI PP laureate and draped bust of Trajan facing right
ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA POTESTATEM PR REDACTAE [around] S C [in field] Trajan standing right, holding spear and parazonium; on the ground, the reclining figures of Armenia, the Euphrates and the Tigris
RIC 642 [R]; Cohen 39; Foss (Roman Historical Coins): 105/71

Coin minted between 116 spring and 117 aug (PARTHICO in legend) on the occasion of the conquest of Mesopotamia in 115. Beginning in 114 AD, Trajan began his campaign against Parthia which had deposed the pro-Roman king of Armenia. By 115 AD Trajan had turned Armenia into a Roman province. He then moved southward through Mesopotamia, capturing the Parthian capital, Ctesiphon, in 116 AD.
1 commentsCharles S
Roman Empire, Trebonianus Gallus45 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
Ti Claudius Ti.f.Ap.n.Nero Denarius 79bc45 viewsSilver denarius serratus, SRCV 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC Claudia 6, VF, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; reverse Victory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reigns in left, A·XVII? (control number) below, TI·CLAVD·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in ex; Nice dark toning

The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the Claudius Gens. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
Adrian S
Constantius II Doublestrike45 viewsRIC VIII 184 Constantius II AE3. 347-348 AD. CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette diademed, draped &
cuirassed bust right / VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories facing each other holding wreaths, •(A
or epsilon?)SIS• in ex.

Note: Doublestrike on obverse forehead and eye/nose
Victoriatus, RRC 124/145 viewsUncertain mint, Victoriatus, 206-195 B.C. AR, 16mm 1.91g, RRC 124/1
O: Jupiter, laureate bust, r.
R: Victory crowning trophy, meta in between Victory and trophy
2 commentscasata137ec
Vespasian-RIC-106245 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1062, BMC 244, RSC 550
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Ceres seated left, with corn ears and poppy and torch.

A most vexing coin to locate, ironically the much rarer left facing example came to me first. Rated Common in the RIC.

A nice example of a late period Vespasian denarius. Good portrait.
Vespasian-RIC-1543A45 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1543A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1543A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A45 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Sri Vakka Deva Copper Unit, c.870-1008 AD, Shahi State, Kabul45 viewsObv. Elephant walking left, inscription above
Rev. Lion seated right with paw raised

Special thanks to Steve E for character identification
1 commentsSkyler
Valerianus II, Antoninianus45 viewsRome Mint,
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter, as a child, riding goat.
Ref: RIC 3
4 commentsbyzancia
Lucius Verus AE Sestertius45 viewsOBV: DIVVS VERVS
bare head right
REV: CONSECRATIO, S C across field
eagle standing right on globe, head left
Date: 169~170 A.D. Rome Mint
RCV 5207, RIC 1509
6 commentsmiffy
VESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD45 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / Palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right foot on helmet (or globe?), holding spear and parazonium; to right, Jewess seated right beneath palm-tree in attitude of mourning. RIC II 363; Hendin 763; RPC II 1930; BMCRE 511; RSC 6452 commentsAdrian W
Vespasian, RIC 1172, As of AD 71 (Securitas)45 viewsÆ As (10.8g, Ø28mm, 6h). Lugdunum mint. Struck AD 71.
obv.: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III laureate head right, globe at tip of bust.
rev.: SECVRITAS AVGVSTI (around) S C (ex.), Securitas seated right, resting head on raised arm, holding a sceptre; altar before.
RIC 1172 (C); Cohen 506
1 commentsCharles S
vespasian quinar RIC125.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AR quinar - struck 75-79 AD45 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (laureate head right)
rev: VICTORIA AVGVST (Victory seated left, holding wreath and palm)
ref: RIC II 125, C.594 (20frcs)
1.42gms, 15mm
1 commentsberserker
CONCORD MILIT - Constantine I45 viewsAE Follis, London, Mid 310 - Late 312
4.06gm, 22mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rx: CONCORD MILIT, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Concordia holding two standards.

RIC VI.195 (C), ex. Ron Bude
Paul DiMarzio
Victory Trophy Caerleon 2.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (View 1)45 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales. maridvnvm
Victory Trophy Caerleon close.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (Close-up of Trophy)45 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales.maridvnvm
Vitellius, April 16 - December 22, 69 AD 45 viewsObv: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Vitellius facing right.

Rev: No legend, Victory seated left, holding a patera in right hand and a palm in her left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, April - July, 69 AD

3.2 grams, 18.1 mm, 180°

RIC I 71, RSC 121, S2202 (var.), VM 1
2 commentsSPQR Matt
Vot 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm45 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; laur. bust r., ribbon across shoulder.
.ASIS. in exergue.
RIC VII, 143 (Rare 3)
If you're collecting L Jr., note the "ribbon" on the obverse as well as the "CAES" vs "C"; and also the Rx legend in three lines; it's the small details like these that add up to the correct attribution. ;-)
This is one of my very favorite L Jr. issues from the mint of Siscia; lots of silvering still intact!
1 commentsMayadigger
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - gammaSIS45 viewsATTRIBUTION-RIC VII Siscia 222
Ex.gamma SIS
Valentinian I, RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xvi 45 viewsSiscia mint, Valentinian I A.D. 367-375 AE, 17mm 2.21g, RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xvi
O: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor walking right, head turned back, grasping bound captive at the top of the head & holding christogram tipped banner, M left, * over F right
India. Vijayanagar Kingdom. Sachsivaraya 1543 - 1570 A.D. Copper Jittal (13 mm, 3.14 grams).45 viewsIndia. Vijayanagar Kingdom. Sachsivaraya 1543 - 1570 A.D. Copper Jittal (13 mm, 3.14 grams). Humped bull facing left, sun and moon above, dagger left / two line legend in Nagiri: Cha la ma ra ya, legend seperated by discuss, crescent, and conch.

MSI 863
1809 - 1810 "MERCURY" Undated AE Halfpenny Token. Walthamstow, Essex.45 viewsObverse: No legend. Head of Mercury wearing Petasus facing left, caduceus behind.
Reverse: Britannia seated left holding olive branch and trident, a shield at her side, BCC (British Copper Company) on the ground below; all within an oak-wreath.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 28mm
Davis 36 | Coxall type 3

The principal die engraver was Thomas Wyon the elder (1767–1830). About 1796, Thomas went into business in Birmingham with his brother Peter as a general die-engraver. From 1800, he carried on his business from London, where he engraved many dies for tokens, and in 1816 he was appointed chief engraver of the seals. He died on 18th October, 1830.

This token was issued by the British Copper Company, a Welsh based company who, in 1808, bought the Walthamstow site beside the River Lea. Walthamstow is now a suburb of north east London.
Athens c. 393-300 BC, tetradrachm45 viewsAttica. Athens c. 393-300 BC, tetradrachm, 16.23 g, eye seen in profile, Sear GCV I: 2537.1 commentsPodiceps
ROMAN EMPIRE, Quintillus AE Antoninianus / VICTORIA AVG.45 viewsAttribution: RIC 80??? (RIC V, Part 1)


Date: 270 AD


Reverse: VICTORIA AVG. Victory advancing right, holding wreath


Vitellius: 69 AD45 viewsAE As; Tarraco (Spain) Mint
Struck 69AD "The Year of the Four Emperors"
Obv. - laureate head left; A.VITELLIUS.IMP.GERMAN
Rev. - Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter, S / C either side; LIBERTAS /RESTITUTA
13.77 grams
27.2 mm
3 commentscmcdon0923
a.ANONYMOUS TRIENS 269-242 BC45 viewsD/ Thunderbolt an four pellets.
R/ Dolphin and four pellets

Syd. 10

Two Dollar Bill45 viewsDate: 1953, United States of America
Obverse: President Thomas Jefferson
Reverse: Monticello

Two dollar bills currently depict the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies from England. It was given by my paternal grandmother's father to the first great-grandchild (me!)
PRECOLUMBIAN45 viewsNazca. 150-250 AD. 87,3 cms ( the longest).7-8 cms figurines. Knit in llama's wool. Fringe of a poncho or a mantle representing warriors carrying batons (right hand) and shields (left).1 commentsbenito
Ionia, Ephesos AR Diobol - Bee/2 Stags Heads44 viewsIonia, Ephesos AR Diobol 10mm 0.90g 390-330 BC.
O: Bee with straight wings, E-PH either side.
R: Two Stag’s Heads facing, EPH above.
SG4375, SNG Cop 243, BMC 53. Darkly toned.

Ex Agora
Jian Yan Zhong Bao44 viewsSouth Song Dynasty, Emperor Zhao Gou, 1127-1162 AD
Minted for a very short term. Scarce.
2 commentssamwyi
44 viewsvercingetorix
Kos44 viewsCARIA, KOS 167-88 b.c

Obverse:Head of bearded Asklepios right
Reverse:Coiled snake;magistrates name .

13.50mm 1.89gm

The coin looks overstruck.On reverse it is a Δ and one other letter below
3 commentsmaik
Republic, Quartuncia44 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
0012 - Denarius Postumia 81 BC44 viewsObv/HISPAN, veiled head of Hispania r.
Rev/A ALBIN S N, togate figure standing l. between legionary eagle and consular fasces, POST A F in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: Postumius Albinus.
Mint: Rome aux.
RRC 372/2 [dies o/r: 198/220] - Syd.746 - RCV 297 - RSC Postumia 8 - Calicó 1216 - Cohen Postumia 7 - BMCRR 2839
ex-Incineratio Roma (vcoins)
Probus44 viewsProbus Antoninians
23 mm 4.9 gm
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Soldier standing left, Victory in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield IIII in exergue
John Campbell
031 Germanicus44 viewsAE AS
Germanicus AE As. Struck under Caligula, 39-40 AD. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P III P P around large SC. Cohen 4 var.

RIC 43 (Caligula) ex Zizum
Fine+, 27.5mm, 10.18gram
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Nero AE As44 viewsRIC I 543 Lugdunum, C 302
9.72 g, 27 mm
S-C on either side of Victory flying left with shield inscribed SPQR
(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay for attribution!)
1 commentsMark Z2
Louis XVI (1774-1792) - Demi Ecu aux lauriers 1791 A44 viewsAtelier de Paris, 2° semestre de 1791 (.A)
LUD . XVI . D . G . FR . ET . NAV . REX ., buste habillé a gauche orné du cordon du Saint Esprit. Point sous le D de LUD
. SIT . NOMEN . DOMINI BENEDICTVM lyre 1791, ecu ovale couronné entre deux branches de laurier, .A sous l'ecu
Tranche inscrite : DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM
14.70 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2189
This coin and the following three give a "shortcut" of how the person of the King was considered through the french revolution : on this one Louis XVI is monarch by Divine right "Ludovicus XVI Deo Gratia Fran. et Nav. Rex"
1 commentsPotator II
MACEDONIA, NEAPOLIS, 425-350 BC44 viewsHemidrachm, 13mm, 1.86g

O. Gorgon facing, tongue protruding
R. Head of nymph r.,narrow taenia, hair in loop behind, N E O Π in corners

AMNG pl. xvi, 26–29. SNG ANS 438

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
1 commentsAZRobbo
ROMAN REPUBLIC, P. Crepusius, AR Denarius44 views82 BC
3.94 grams
Obv.: Bust Laureate head of Apollo right, sceptre and letter on left, M, symbol below chin, probably a clump of grapes on a vine
Rev.: Horseman galloping right, hurling spear, on left numeral, CVII, in exergue P.CREPVSI.
Sear #283: Cr. 261/1
3 commentsRichard M10
Ptolemy III44 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Æ Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

Thanks Bill and PtolemyAE for the attribution
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constantius II44 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, condition: VF, red desert patina, mint: Antioch, weight: 2.393g, maximum diameter: 15.2mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Epsilon in ex RIC 187A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Gordian III, Denarius 44 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm44 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
Gallienus, Antoninianus44 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Gallienus, seen from front
VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus, standing right, holding spear and standard
3,93 gr
Ref : RCV #10413, Cohen #1309, Göbl # 8821
Potator II
Gallienus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntioch mint, AD 265-266
GALLIENVS AVG radiate head left
AETERNITAS AVG she wolf standing right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. Branch at exergue
3,9 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC V-1 # 628, Göbl # 1628a
2 commentsPotator II
Vabalathus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntoninianus minted in Antioch, 8th officina, AD 271-272
VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, Draped, laureate and diademed bust of Vabalathus right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelianus right. H at exergue
2.45 gr
Ref : Cohen #1, RCV # 11718
2 commentsPotator II
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left, 44 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left,
avers:- AY-Λ-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The emperor with short tunic, standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27 mm, weight:10,42g, axis:6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Faustinianus., date: A.D., ref: Varb-1-791-p-117,
Tacitus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntoninianus minted in Ticinium, AD 275-276
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate bust of Tacitus right
SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column, retrograde µ at exergue
4.03 gr
Ref : RCV #11812, Cohen #131, RIC V (1) 163
Thanks to Helvetica for RIC reference and help on exergue
1 commentsPotator II
Galeria Valeria, Follis - 007544 viewsHeraclea mint, 1st officina
GAL VALERIA AVG, draped and diademed bust right
VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, HTA at exergue
6.98 gr
Galeria Valeria, follis, Ref : Cohen # 2, TTB, R!
Potator II
Maximinus II, Follis44 viewsAntioch mint, 2nd officina, AD 310-311
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head of Maximinus II right
GENIO EXERCITVS, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia, cressent and S in field, ANT at exergue
7.28 gr
Ref : RCV # 14845 (55), Cohen #47
Potator II
Vabalathus AE Antoninianus44 viewsRIC Vb 381 Antioch, 271/272 A.D.; C1
3.54 g, 19 mm x 20 mm
VABALATHVS VCRIM DR, laureate, draped bust of Vabalathus right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust of Aurelian right. Officina letter B below
4 commentsMark Z2
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 051, Rome (Viminacium), VICTORIA AVG G, Victory standing facing, head left, #344 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 051, Rome (Viminacium), VICTORIA AVG G, Victory standing facing, head left, #3
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG-G, Victory standing facing, head left, holding wreath and palm.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 0h,
mint: RIC: Rome - undated (AD 244-247), Eddy: Viminacium - undated (AD 246-247), ref: RIC-IV-III-051, p-, C-169,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,44 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5mm, weight:3,95g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-125c, p-, C-,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis44 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I AE Folles44 viewsRIC VII 148a Siscia
3.36 g, 19 mm
CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, head laureate r.
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT(dot)XX in two lines in laurel wreath
ASIS in exergue
Mark Z
Gratian AR Siliqua44 viewsRIC X 27f1 Trier
1.89 g, 19 mm
GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
VRBS ROMA, Roma seated left holding spear and Victory on Globe
TRPS(dot) in exergue
EX: Roma Numis.
2 commentsMark Z
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Æ Pougeoise44 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Æ Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 1 commentsVladislavs D
Turkey, Hadrian's Gate in Antalya44 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Ingo Mehling - 17 May 2012
Joe Sermarini
MACEDON - ALEXANDER III - THE GREAT44 viewsSilver drachm, Price 1750, F, 4.19g, 16.9mm, 0o, Kolophon mint, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, scepter in left, right leg drawn back, grain kernel left, spear head right
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C.
PKA (monogram of)44 viewsBITHYNIA. Calchedon. Claudius. Æ 27. A.D. 41-54 (likely struck late in that period). Obv: (...KΛ)AYΔIOYKAIΣAPO(...TOΣ). Bare head left; countermark before neck. Rev: (KAΛXAΔONIΩN). Laureate and draped bust of Apollo right; lyre at far shoulder. Ref: RPC 1787 (1 pc); Sear 438. Axis: 180°. Weight: 9.35 g. CM: Monogram of PKA, in rectangular punch, 3 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 632 sim. Note: Howgego 632 is applied to 12 coins of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces I. This countermark is similar, although with the letter "A" added. Could it possibly also be a reference to Rhoemetalces Caesar? RPC argues that Calchedon formed part of Rhoemetalces Kingdom of Thrace. Collection Automan.Automan
1502c, Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D. (Cyzikus)44 viewsBronze AE 3, S 4118, 2.42g, 16.5mm, 180o,Cyzikus, F/F, obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SMK L(?) in exergue. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families

Valens (365-369 AD.)

Noel Linski, University of Colorado

Valens was the brother of Valentinian I. On March 28, 364, precisely one month after his accession by Roman reckoning, Valentinian appointed his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor at the Hebdomon, the first in a long line of emperors proclaimed there. Themistius was present and later recounted the occasion in his Or. 6. After only two months of co-rulership, the two departed from Constantinople for their native Illyricum. Outside Naissus, in Moesia, they divided their administrative staff between them and at Sirmium they did the same with their mobile forces. Valens was to rule the east, from Thrace in the North and Cyrenaica in the South eastward to the Persian frontier. Valentinian ruled the west. They did not spend long in Sirmium. By late August 365 Valentinian had moved on toward Milan, where he resided for the following year before moving on to Trier, which remained his capital until 375. Similarly, Valens was back in Constantinople by December 364.and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians.

In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens marched against the confederated barbarian army, and on August 9, 378, the two forces met at Adrianople. Although negotiations were attempted, these broke down when a Roman unit sallied forth and carried both sides into battle. The Romans held their own early on but were crushed by the surprise arrival of Greuthungi cavalry which split their ranks.

In one historical account, Valens was wounded in battle but escaped to a nearby farmstead where he was burned to death in a tower by Gothic marauders. The fourth century A.D. Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus does not seem to concur with this story. Regardless, when the battle was over Valens' body was never recovered, 10,000 roman soldiers lay dead and the perception of Roman military invincibility was destroyed.

Adrianople was the most significant event in Valens' career. Though he displayed some talent as an administrator, Valens' persecutions of Nicene Christians and pagan philosophers, his halting efforts at military achievement and his obtuse personality rendered him a less than glorious emperor. To have died in so inglorious a battle has thus come to be regarded as the nadir of an unfortunate career. This is especially true because of the profound consequences of Valens' defeat.

Adrianople spelled the beginning of the end for Roman territorial integrity in the late empire and this fact was recognized even by contemporaries. The Roman historian Ammianus (325-391 AD) understood that it was the worst defeat in Roman history since Cannae. Rufinus (340–410 CE), monk, historian, and theologian; called it "the beginning of evils for the Roman empire then and thereafter."

Noel Lenski, University of Colorado
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)44 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
16- Lucius Versus Sest.JPG
Lucius Verus Sest44 viewsAe Sestertius, 166 AD , Rome mint
Obv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, Laureate head right.
Rev: TR POT VI IMPIIII COSII / SC, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
30 mm
RIC 1460
Male head right (laureate)44 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Æ 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
1804 GEORGE III AR BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR 44 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BANK OF ENGLAND 1804. Britannia, seated left, holding a branch and spear, her left arm resting on a shield which in turn rests on a cornucopia, a beehive is in the background to the left; all within a garter inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR. The garter is surmounted by a castellated "crown" of five circular stone turrets.
On this coin there are enough traces of the host coin discernible on the reverse, near the edge between 'BANK' and 'OF', and on the obverse below the bust to make an accurate identification of the undertype possible. It was overstruck on a Spanish Colonial 8 Reales minted at Potosi in Bolivia which bore the date 1806.
Spink 3768; Obverse die A, Reverse die 2
Diameter: 41mm | Weight: 26.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 3768

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by C. H. K. in raised letters on the truncation at the king's shoulder. The reverse, which was also designed by Kuchler has the raised initial K in the triangular space between the shield, cornucopia, and Britannia's dress. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

1804 George III Bank of England Silver Dollars
Although George III reigned for sixty years from 1760 to 1820, the only crowns issued were in the last three years of his reign, apart from these Bank of England dollars issued as an emergency measure.
There had been a persistent shortage of silver coins throughout most of George's reign, and the Bank of England attempted to alleviate this by counter-marking Spanish colonial 8-Reale pieces (the “pieces of eight” of pirate legend) with a punch bearing the head of George III. When this counter-mark was enthusiastically counterfeited, the bank resorted to counter-stamping the entire coin. Most survivors were struck on Mexican or Peruvian 8-Reale pieces, though a few have been found to be struck on issues from Spain proper. Although these Bank of England dollars are all dated 1804, they were issued every year until 1811, and occasionally the dates of Spanish 8 Reales minted after 1804 can be discerned on them. In 1811, to take account of the increase in the value of silver, the Bank of England dollar coins were revalued at 5s6d and they stayed at this value until they were withdrawn from circulation in 1817, by which time a massive silver re-coinage was being undertaken.
1 comments*Alex
Herakles (bearded head right)44 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. Æ 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330°. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
Great Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 1828.44 viewsGreat Britain. George IV 1820 - 1830. Copper Farthing 1828. GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA, laureate head left / BRITTANNIAR REX. FID. DEF, Brittannia seated right, holding trident and resting right hand on shield.

KM 697
2,355,000 minted
Great Britain. Victoria 1837 - 1901. Copper 1/2 Penny 1853.44 viewsGreat Britain. Victoria 1837 - 1901. Copper 1/2 Penny 1853. VICTORIA DEI GRATIA, bust left, date below / BRITANNIA REG: FID: DEF, Britannia seated right.

KM 726
Muscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D.44 viewsMuscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D. FFAISAL BIN TURKEE / FESSUL BIN TURKEY IMAM MUSCAT AND OMAN, value and date.

Republic of Cuba. .9000 silver 20-centimos 1916.44 viewsRepublic of Cuba. .9000 silver 20-centimos 1916. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, VEINTE CENTAVOS, arms divide branches / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, star and rays.

KM 13.2
Antoninus Pius, as (Boyd collection)44 viewsAntonino Pio (138-161), asse, zecca di Roma (148 d.C.), AE, 14.22 gr, 26,0 mm, BB+ (VF+)
D/ ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XI, testa laureata dell'imperatore a dx
R/ COS IIII, VOTA, SC, Antonino Pio sacrifica davanti a tripode, con pergamena nella sx
RIC 852a; RCV 4323
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (9 luglio 2008, numero catalogo 19), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins New York-London, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005), ex W. C. Boyd collection (London, dicembre 1901), ex Edgar Lincoln collection (London, prima del 1901).
Mis-strike Probus Radiate44 viewsThis radiate 'Aurelianus", likely of Probus, has little detail left on the obverse though a radiate crown and -BV- can be made out. The reverse has two figures clasping hands - like Emperor and Jupiter - and a legend ending in -TER. The exergue has *Q. otlichnik
PHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-10244 viewsPHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-102
O:bust r, radiate draped
R:eagle displayed supporting a wreath containing 3 figures in centre ,city-goddest standing l hand on standard .
Demeter standing r hand resting on sceptre ortorch on r agod nude standing r.
German States. Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm IV 1840 - 1861. .3750 silver 2 1/2 Groschen 1842-A, 1843-A., 1852-A, 1856-A, & 1855-A.44 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm IV 1840 - 1861. .3750 silver 2 1/2 Groschen 1842-A, 1843-A., 1852-A, 1856-A, & 1855-A. FRIED. WILH. IV KOENIF V. PREUSSEN, head right / 12 EINEN THALER, 2 1/2 GROSCHEN (date and mint-mark below), SCHEIDE MUNZE.

KM 463
313 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 11, Nicomedia44 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Bust: Laureate and rosette-diademed head right
Two soldiers standing to either side of two standards
Date: 330-341 AD
Mint: Nicomedia
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VIII 11
Rated "C2"
317 Trajan Decius.jpg
Trajan Decius, RIC 29c, Rome44 viewsObv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG
Bust: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm branch
Exe: None
Mint: Rome
Date: 249-251 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
Dia: 22.1 mm Weight: 3.27 g
Ref: RIC 29c

Purchased from Forvm
1 commentsBluefish
33. Magnesia.44 viewsTetradrachm, ca 150 BC, minted in Magnesia.
Obverse: Diademed head of Artemis, bow and quiver at shoulder.
Reverse: ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ ΕΡΑΣΙΠΠΟΣ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΟΥ / Apollo standing on Maeander pattern, resting elbow on tripod, holding laurel branch, all within laurel wreath.
16.37 gm., 30 mm.
S. #4485; BMC 14.162, 37.
4 commentsCallimachus
Caracalla, Serdica AE2744 viewsobv: Laureate Bust right
rev: Athena standing left holding spear and shield
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Serdica
Thrace, Maroneia AE17mm (5.2g).44 viewsObverse: Head of Dionysos, wreathed in ivy
Reverse: Dionysos standing left holding bunch of grapes and thyrsos. 2150

Antonivs Protti
47- Diocletian Follis.JPG
47-Diocletian Follis #2-S44 viewsAE Follis, 303-305 AD, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.(Double struck).
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing with scales and cornucopia.
R(crescent)P in exergue.
27mm, 9.7gm
RIC 111a, Sear 3537
1 commentsjdholds
Swedish Livonia. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1648.44 viewsSwedish Livonia. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1648. CHRISTINA. D.G.RS, Crowned CR monogram with vase arms within inner circle / SOLIDVS LIVONIA 48, arms in cartouche within inner circle, date in legend.

KM 2
5 Fen ban liang stone mould44 viewsdouble side mould

casting time: around 182 BC

reign of Lu Zhi Hou (188-180 BC)
60 Constantine Ia.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 180, Siscia44 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
VOT X X in two lines within laurel wreath.
Exe: BSIS (sunburst)
Mint: Siscia
Date: 320 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VII 180
Rated "C1"
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Musa Chelebi44 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - Interregnum Period (1402-1413) Sultan Musa Chelebi (1410-1413), AR Akche, 813 AH, (c, 1410 AD), Erdine mint. Album lists this coin as RR. Sultan 302.dpaul7
0.30 AR Athenian Tetradrachm 454-415 BCE44 viewsATTICA: Athens. Ca. 454(?)-415 BC. AR tetradrachm. Athena / Owl. Nice centering.

Silver tetradrachm, pl. XXII, 6´. Svoronos pl. 15, 30., 17.1gm, 24mm, gVF, 449-413 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring,; reverse A?E right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, prong tail, to left olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square.
1 commentsEcgþeow
Constantius I AE Follis - GENIO POPVLI ROMANI44 viewsConstantius I AE Follis. Trier. 295 AD. CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. B in left field. Mintmark TR. RIC VI Trier 158a.


Ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Faustina Junior, Salus44 viewsFAVSTINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Salus feeding snake rising from altar

BM 141-144, Cohen 197 (thank you Curtis for the correct ref!)
Ar Denarius; 19mm;3.22g
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian44 viewsVespasian Den "Lituus, et al" NICE Ancient Roman Coin Vespasian AD 69-79 Silver Denarius "The priestly instruments I use as Pontifex Maximus." Obv: IMP CAES VESPA AVG P M - Laureate head right. Rev: AVGVR TRI POT - Simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus. Rome mint: AD 70-72 = RIC II, 30, page 18 - Cohen 43 - SEAR RCV I (2000), #2282, page 435 Mike Deigan
9.101 Elagabalus denarius 219 AD44 viewsElegabalus
AR Denarius
Rome Mint - 219 AD
4.01 gm

obv. IMP ANTONINVS AVG - Elagabalus laureate r.
rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI - Jupiter standing l. holding lightning bolt and scepter, eagle at feet on l, standard to the r.
Sear 7519
Gordian lll44 viewsNervousRex
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I44 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
Derivative Coinage early Caliphate 636-660 CE44 viewsObverse: Beardless standing emperor derived from Constans II obverse, globus cruciger to r, long cross to l. NA l., O r.
Reverse: Large M, N, retrograde N, O to r., ex ~II~
Mint: Syria possibly Beirut
16mm 3.00gm
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]44 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm44 viewsrexesq
AE-Bug, #11,44 viewsAE-Bug, #11,
size: 23-17mm,
weight: 6,84g,
(0383) AELIA FLACCILLA44 views(wife of Theodosius I)
383 - 388 AD
AE 2, 5.45 g
(ex HJBerk)
GREEK, Macedonian, Alexander the Great, Drachm, Miletus44 viewsAR Drachm
323-319 BC
16mm, 4.20g

1 commentsXLi
Alexander III tetradrachm 325-323 bc44 viewsPrice 3602...Kings of Macedon Alexander III Lifetime Babylon 325-323 bc Tetradrachm. nice tone. graffiti. The Hercules/Alexander as Hercules side is the real toning. I had brightened the other pic to make it easier to see the mint marks etc...26mm Bought from vendor James Beech 440us$ net Jan/2013chance v
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm44 viewsKolophon mint (319-310 BC).
Price 1794
1 commentsMinos
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm 44 viewsLampsakos mint (323-317 BC).
Price 1380
1 commentsMinos
Alexander III - tetradrachm, Amphipolis44 viewsAlexander III "the Great", AR tetradrachm, struck under Kassander, Philip IV or Alexander (son of Kassander), 315-294 BC, 17.15 g; Obv: head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; Rev: ALEXANDROY;, Zeus Atephoros seated left, holding sceptre and eagle; in left field, Lambda above torch, below throne, M above star.
Price 481
Bartosz Awianowicz
(ex Sarasota Rare Coins)
1 commentslaney
Alexander the Great44 viewsIssuer: Alexander III "the Great"
Date ruled: 336-323 BC

Date struck: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Mint: Amphipolis, Macedon

Denomination: Tetradrachm
Reference: Price 13

Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.2 g

Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field

Appears in: Lighting - which one's better?

Click here to see the new photo. (Please comment/rate there.)
4 commentsViriathus
Egypt, Alexandria, Trajan, Geissen 63644 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117
AE - drachm, 33.58mm, 21.83g
Alexandria, AD 113/114 (year 17?)
bust, draped and wreathed with corn-ears(?), r.
rev. Dionysos in long garment and holding thyrsos in r. hand, std. l. in biga with two panthers l; the panther in front with raised l. foot and looking r.
in field LIZ(?) (year 17)
rwef. Geissen 636
F/F+, worn obv. but rev. with nice coloured patina

The correct attribution depends on the date in the field of the rev. which can't be identified for sure.
1 commentsJochen
Alexander III of Macedon AR Tetradrachm ca 310 BC44 viewsOBV: Head of Herakles with lionskin headdress
REV: Zeus Ateophotos seated left holding eagle and scepter, ALEXANDROY vertical to right of scepter. Obscure date or mintmark under eagle.

The style of the coin strongly suggests the Ake mint (possibly Price 3301 or similar) with bellcovers on the throne legs and the slanted footstool on which Zeus rests his feet. The posture and arrangement of his robes also was typical of Ake tetradrachmae in the decade following Alexander's death in 323 BC. The weight of Ake tetradrachms is almost uniformly 17.1 gm ( Newell: The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake) corresponding exactly to this coin.

Bought at the Baltimore coin show 2010

Diam 26 mm, wt 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-21, SNG Cop-70, ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Prow right,44 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-21, SNG Cop-70, ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, Prow right,
avers:- Laureate head of Zeus (Herakles) right.
revers:- "AMΦIΠO" above prow right, monograms to either side "Π inside ο" over S in left, "Δγ" over ?? in right, down "ΛΙΤΩΝ".
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 12,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-70,
(0491 ) ANASTASIUS44 views491 - 518 AD
STRUCK 498 - 518 (5th Officina)
AE FOLLIS 32 mm 15.64 g
O: D N ANASTA SIVS P P AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: Large M (mark of value); star to left and right, cross above, below, CON IN EXE.
DOC 23i; MIBE 27; SB 19

Trajan RIC 22 Fouree44 viewsDenarius, 98-99
Laur. r.
Victory seated l. holding patera and palm.
18mm, 2.40g
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !44 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !
avers: Three towers on arch, cross on the middle one, crowned bust facing between two stars below, double circle of dots.
revers: Cross with rosettes in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #0344 views004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #03
avers:- + REX•ANDREAS in double circle; cross in circle with circle in the centre, (hands of three lines?); border of dots with three lines at each quarter.
revers:- + PANONEIA, Cross in circle with circle in the centre and wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5-13.3mm, weight: 0,42 g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-005, CHN-1-012, Huszar-009,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Angola44 viewsKm70 - 10 Centavos - 1949 (1948-1949)
Km71 - 20 Centavos - 1948 (1948-1949)
Km76 - 1 Escudo - 1972 (1953-1974)
Daniel F
Bust laureate right, draped
Reverse: ANNONAAVGVSTI SC left and right, low in field
Annona draped standing front, head left, right hand holding wheat ears downwards and left cornucopiae, beside right foot, modius filled with wheat ears.
BMC 347-9 (unbroken Obverse legend), RIC 548
Weight, 22.93g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
bust of Roma left in plumed helmet, imperial cloak & ornamental necklace
Rev: wolf & twins left, 2 stars above
dot GSIS dot in ex.
18mm 2.4gm
044/6 Anonymous Quinarius44 viewsAnonymous Quinarius, from 211 B.C., 1.92 g., Cr 44/6, Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, V behind. Rev: Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in linear frame below. Ex HBJ.2 commentsLucas H
AntiochosVII H451.jpg
Antiochos VII AE15 Hendin 45144 viewsAe15, 15mm, 2.70g.

Obverse: BASILEWS ANTIOXOS EUERGETOI, Upside-down anchot.

Reverse: Lily in dotted circle.

BPR (131-130 BC)

Hendin 451.

Despite being struck in Antiochos' name, this is dated to the time when Hyrcanus I had actually gained control of Jerusalem, where they seem to have been struck. There is thus a good case for the claim that they were minted by Hyrcanus, and in a very real sense, constitute the first clearly 'Jewish' coins, since they inaugurate the tradition of coins without images. The earlier Yehud coins are probably better seen as 'Israelite' rather than 'Jewish'; they use images, and it's uncertain how far the term 'Judaioi' was in use at the time, or to whom it applied.
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin44 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint. 21 mm 3.9 gram coin_1250
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath
Type I Waage 584

Antonivs Protti
Antioch of Syria under Augustus44 viewsAugustus AE20 of Antioch, Syria.
Silanus, Legatus Augusti pro praetore
(Legate issue under Augustus)
OBV: Laureate head of Zeus right
Ram leaping right, looking back at large star, DM below.

RPC I 4269, BMC Galatia p159, 65
Mintmark: Delta M (year 44) - A.D. 12-14
7.66gm 20mm
2 commentsgoldenancients
Antoniniano Filipo I RIC 44.jpg
70-08 - FILIPO I "El Arabe" (244 - 249 D.C.)44 viewsAntoniniano 22 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ROMAE AETERNAE" - Roma sentada a izquierda, portando Victoriola (Palladium) en mano de brazo derecho extendido y cetro largo/lanza invertida vertical en izquierda. A su lado su escudo.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión 246D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #44b Pag.73 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8954 - Cohen Vol.V #165 Pag.111 - RSC Vol. IV #165 Pag.14 - DVM #34 Pag.2271
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 70.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)44 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antoninus and Faustina.jpg
Temple of Antoninus and Faustina44 viewsWhat remains of the temple of Antoninus and Faustina of course turned into a Catholic church during the middle agesTitus Pullo
Antoninus Pius Aequitas RIC 85544 viewsAntoninus Pius, Orichalcum Sestertius, Rome, Struck 148 - 149 AD, Cohen 232, BMC 1823, RIC 855
OBV: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P XII, Laureate head right
REV: COS IIII SC, Aequitas standing left holding cornucopiae and scales
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, 138-161 AD. 44 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AR Denarius (19,5 mm, 2.94 gr.)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS AVG Laureate head right. / COS IIII Thunderbolt on decorated altar.

RIC 137, RSC 345, BMC 536.

1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius, RIC 1001, Sestertius of AD 158-159 (Fortuna Opsequens)44 viewsÆ sestertius (22.4, Ø31mm, 12h), Rome mint, struck AD 158-159.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII , laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: FORTVNA OPSEQVENS (around) COS IIII (in ex.) S C (in field), Fortuna standing left, with patera, rudder and cornucopiae.
RIC 1001 (C); BMC 2059-60; Cohen 393; Strack 1163 (4 spec.); Banti 163; Foss (RHC) 130:68

The cult of this divinity, not celebrated previously on imperial coinage, goes back to ancient times and was established by Servius Tullius, Rome's sixth king.

Even though according to RIC this coin is common, it may be scarcer. Strack found 4 specimens, but there is no example in Wildwinds nor; Banti records only 1 other specimen.

Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 1004, Sestertius of AD 159 (Temple of Divus Augustus)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (22.23g, Ø30mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 159.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST (around) COS IIII (in ex.) S C (in field), Octastyle temple of Divus Augustus with statues of Divus Augustus and Livia in the centre.
RIC 1004 (S); BMCRE 2063; Cohen 805; Strack 1167; Banti 406.
ex Triton VI (2003)

The second temple of Divus Augustus was restored under Antoninus Pius in 158. The reliefs on the pediment cannot be identified with certainty, but the statuary on the roof can be identified as Augustus in quadriga flanked by Romulus on the left and Aeneas carrying Anchises on the right.
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 598b, Sestertius of AD 140-143 (Apollo)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.1g, Ø33mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-143.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing paludamentum.
Rev.: APOLLINI AVGVSTO (around) S C (in field), Apollo, standing left, holding a lyre and a patera.
RIC 598b; Cohen 63; BMCRE IV 1231; Strack 822 (5 coll.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 35 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values II) 4149
ex Alex Kalman (Philadelphia, 2003)
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 608, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Juno Sospita)44 viewsorichalcum sestertius (26.6g) Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PI[-]VS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: IVNONI SISPITAE (around) S C (in field) Juno Sospita wearing goat skin advancing right preceded by a snake, brandishing javelin and holding shield which is pinched in the middle.
RIC 608 (scarce), Cohen 473, BMC 1248, Strack 837; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 201 (7 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4186
ex Künker Auction 153 (March 2009)

This issue is part of a series of coins struck in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, figuring scenes from Ancient Roman legends. Juno Sospita was the goddess of Lanuvium, the birthplace of Pius, and one of the most ancient figures in the Roman pantheon.
Charles S
Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm44 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
AS NERON RPC 1761.jpg
14-10 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)44 viewsAE AS (Híbrido No listado en RIC) 28 x 24 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "[IMP NERO] CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG [GERM P M TR P]" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C " - Leyenda a los lados de un altar con dos puertas y ornamentos en la parte superior. "PROVIDENT" en exergo.
Puede ser una moneda híbrida acuñada a partir de un anverso de Neron y un reverso de Augusto póstumo ?? - Ver BMC nota de página 276

Acuñada 54/58 D.C.

Referencias: Cohen Vol.1 #255 Pag.296 - (RIC #528/530/531 Pag.181 muestran ARA PACIS en exergo, en lugar de PROVIDENT)
Aspendos Pamphylia Greek Wrestlers44 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos mint, silver stater, 370 - 333 BC, 10.383g, 22.5mm, die axis 0o, SNG Cop 233, SNG Paris 87, SNG Von Aulock -, SGCV II 5398 var
OBV: Two wrestlers, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right and right forearm with his left hand, ∆Α between their legs
REV: ΕΣΤΦΕ∆ΙΙΥΣ on left, slinger, wearing short chiton, discharging sling to right, triskeles on right with feet clockwise, no trace of incuse square

In 333 B.C., after Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king.
Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own evnvoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city.
The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms -
they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4.000 horses annually.

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins
4 commentsRomanorvm
[300sus] Alexander III, The Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm (Lifetime Issue)44 viewsAlexander III, AR silver tetradrachm; Price 3827; struck 336-323 BC. Susa mint; VF; Sturck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great. Obverse: Head of Herakles right in lion skin; Reverse - AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus seated left with eagle & scepter; monogram in left field, monogram below throne; BASILEOS below. Ex Incitatus.

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC)

"Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr. Joann Fletcher

"When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer."
--attributed to Plutarch, The Moralia.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Artuquids of Mardin, Hosam Al-Din Yuluk Arslan44 viewsOb. Seated figure withthree others standing (Four figures mourning the death of Saladin?)
Rev. Arabic script

Ae Dirhem
Size 31mm
Ref Mitchiner 1041

1 commentsBacchus
Thracia, Augusta Trajana, Geta, Schönert-Geiss 50444 viewsGeta, AD 209-211
AE 18, 4.21g
Bust, cuirassed, seen from behind, Aegis on back, laureate r.
River-god, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., holding waterplant in raised r. hand
and resting with l. arm on urn from which water flows l.
Schönert-Geiss 504 (2 ex. in Paris and Plovdiv); Varbanov (engl.) 1355 (Thanks to Markus!)

augustus as2.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck c.25 BC44 viewsobv: CAESAR (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: [AVGVS]TVS (within laurel wreath)
ref: RIC 486, BMCRE 731, RPC 2235
mint: Ephesus (?)(Uncertain mint in Cyprus or Syria)
11.18gms, 28mm
I-AUGUSTUS-a - 001 Denar RIC I/37a44 viewsAv) CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right


Weight: 3,3g, Ø:20mm; Referenz: RIC I/37a; Mint: HISPANIA / COLONIA CAESAR AUGUSTA(?) struck ca.19 B.C.-18 B.C.
(Surfaces are a little bit rogh)
27 BC - 14 AD
AE 24mm 12.02g
1 commentslaney
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #144 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: S//XXIVI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,60g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2342 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Bust radiate, right, cuirassed
Emperor standing leftt, receiving globe from Jupiter standing right, both holding scepters. Ex. P
RIC 48, Rome, 1st officina
C 105
2 commentswhitetd49
Aureolus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC 387 var.jpg
Aureolus for Postumus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC V/2 387 var44 viewsAnt, 17x20mm, 1.51g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS EQVIT, Mars walking R with spear and shield.

Exe: T

Milan. Struck by Aurolus in Postumus' name.

RIC V/2 387 var, 268, Common.
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA44 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
Faustina Senior Sestertius44 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: AVGVSTA - Ceres standing left, holding a torch in each hand.
Cat #: RIC.1120
Weight: 24.00g
Notes: This coin is somewhat mysterious to me. Above I identify it as RIC.1120 which for reverse states "...torch in each hand". However, if you look at the picture of my coin (or compare it to, say:, what Ceres seems to be holding in the right hand does not look like a torch. In fact, it looks more so like Victory, but RIC does not seem to list this variant.
Manuel I Commnenus44 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
Bangladesh44 viewsKm11.1 - 10 Poisha - 1978? (FAO)Daniel F
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,44 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-051, #0144 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-051, #01
avers:- Central point with small crosses above and below, vertical columns to the left and right, horizontal lines outside the columns, crescents at ends of the columns and the lines, crosses in the fields formed by the columns and lines, points at top and bottom.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of a legend, cross with points.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,4mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-051, CHN-1-069, Huszar-082, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-242, #0144 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-242, #01
avers: Crowned bust left, holding cross, B behind the head, border of dots.
revers: Falcon swooping on rabbit, line border.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 10mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 5h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-242_CNH-1-262_Huszar-330,
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. 44 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / DEUTSHCES REICH 1874 FUNF MARK, crowned eagle with Prussian arms on breast.

KM 503

Low mintage 838k
Autonomous Coinage, Pergamum AE1744 viewsPergamum Civic coinage.
Obv: QEONCYN KLHTON . Draped bust of the Roman senate right.
Rev: QEANPW MHN . Draped bust of Roma right.
Struck 1st Century A.D.
BMC 205
Sear 4910.
Ex-Automan Collection, whose photo I steal ;)
Boeotia, Thebes, (late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C.), AE-11, SNG Manchester 931, Shield/Trident, 44 viewsBoeotia, Thebes, (late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C.), AE-11, SNG Manchester 931, ΘHBA-IΩN, Shield/Trident,
avers:- Boeotian shield,
revers:- ΘHBA-IΩN, ethnic around ornamented trident head.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5mm, weight: 2,37g, axes: 6h,
mint: Boeotia, Thebes, date: late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C., ref:SNG Manchester 931; SNG Hart 742-3; SNG Newcastle 273, BMC-108-111, SNG Cop 375,
P2. Victories, Shield and Altar44 viewsObv: Helmeted and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: Two Victories resting inscribed shield on altar.
2.5 gm 16.8 mm
Comment: Note small lower altar with reversed E on top. Shield is small and stylized with a flat bottom. Object above may be a part of the legend or a rendition of a bird.
M8. Vespasian, Copper As44 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III
Laureate head, right.
Palm tree with bound Jewish captive left, facing right. At right, Judaea as a mourning female captive sits right surrounded by discarded arms.
11.3 gm, 29.5 mm
Comment: This one was sold by a non-coin collecting Mom and Pop Duo who claimed they were not sure about anything regarding the coin including authenticity. My greedies were working overtime and I bought it on the remote chance that I would get lucky. The coin in hand is a real stinker. Stinking luck......After the exchange of a few e-mails (where I was nicely reminded of their disclaimer) they returned half of the price. Lesson learned #3: If someone tells you that they don't know if a coin is isn't!
B7. Heraclea RIC VII,16 C144 viewsAe3 3 gm 19 mm Struck: 317 Mark: MHTB
Laureate and draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand; mappa in right hand.
Six tiered campgate surmounted by three beacons (no star).
Comment: Retains significant silver. Added to the series after Licinius' defeat in their first civil war. Initially only issued by Licinius. (See album of same).
M2. Macedonia (Phillip II)44 viewsAe18, 6 gm. 16.5 mm, 315-294 BC, Sear (GC) 6697
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Apollo, right, hair bound with tainia.
Naked youth on horse prancing right. Legend above, race torch beneath.
R6. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III44 viewsDrachm, 3.5 gm, 16.8 mm.
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
3 commentsMassanutten
I7. Julia Soaemias44 viewsObv: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG
Bare headed and draped bust right.
Venus entroned left, holding apple and and sceptre. Child standing right at her feet.
Denarius, 2.7 gm, 17 mm, Rome, RIC 243
ex Joe Baran out of Forum Auctions
Comment: Mother to Elagabalus, niece of Julia Domna (the wife of Septimus Severus), daughter of Julia Maesa and younger sister of Julia Mamaea (the mother of Severus Alexander). She promoted the induction of her son, Elagabalus, to the priesthood of the god that he is remembered by and she helped engineer the return of the House of the Severans to the Emperial power. Unfortunately, the excesses of her son so embittered the Roman people that he was abandoned by the family matriarch (Julia Maesa) and through benign neglect her son was allowed to fall into the angry hands of the Praetorian Guard and the mob of Rome. Soaemias was caught up in the blood lust and put to death with her son.
8. Constantius I as Augustus44 viewsFollis 10.8 gm 27.5 mm
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right, seen from front.
Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in 305/6 at Treveri. mm: S/PTR/F RIC VI, 656 Rare.
British Virgin Islands44 viewsKm4 - 25 Cents - 1973Daniel Friedman
Roman Emperors44 viewsBusts of 34 Roman Emperors with Hercules and Poseidon.2 commentsancientone
[1642d] Constantine VII and Romanus I, Æ Follis, 945-950, Constantinople 44 viewsConstantine VII and Romanus I, Æ Follis, 7.59g, 25mm x 27mm, SB 1761; DO 26; VF, Constantinopleb; Obverse: Facing bust of Constantine VII with short beard, wearing crown and vertical loros, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left; Reverse: Legend in four lines: +COnST / En QEO bA / SILEVS R / OmEOn. Ex Beast Coins.

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, 945-959 A.D.

Constantine VII (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogennētos) Porphyrogenitus is a nickname that alludes to the Purple Room of the imperial palace, decorated with the stone porphyry, where legitimate children of reigning emperors were normally born.

In his book, A Short History of Byzantium, John Julius Norwich refers to Constantine VII as "The Scholar Emperor" (180). Norwich states, “He was, we are told, a passionate collector--not only of books and manuscripts but works of art of every kind; more remarkable still for a man of his class, he seems to have been an excellent painter. He was the most generous of patrons--to writers and scholars, artists and craftsmen. Finally, he was an excellent Emperor: a competent, conscientious and hard-working administrator and an inspired picker of men, whose appointments to military, naval, ecclesiastical, civil and academic posts were both imaginative and successful. He did much to develop higher education and took a special interest in the administration of justice" (181). In 947, Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus ordered "the immediate restitution, without compensation, of all peasant lands thus, by the end of [his] reign, the condition of the landed peasantry—which formed the foundation of the whole economic and military strength of the Empire—was better off than it had been for a century . . . on 9 November 959, he died aged fifty-four, surrounded by his sorrowing family: his wife Helena, his five daughters and his twenty-year old son Romanus, now Emperor of Byzantium (182-3).

Works cited:
Norwich, John Julius, A Short History of Byzantium. London: Viking, 1997.

Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.

Caligula, Caesonia, Carthago Nova44 viewsAE22, 6.5g
Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos44 views304 – 250 B.C.
7.13 gm, 20.5 mm
Obv.: Head of young Pan left, wreathed in ivy 
Rev.: ΠAN around Lion head left, sturgeon below 
Sear 1701; BMC 3, p.8, 21, 22
1 commentsJaimelai
Caracalla - RIC 275a44 viewsCaracalla Denarius (2.95 gm). ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, standing front, head left, with thunderbolt & scepter. RSC 337, RIC 275a, BMC 155-62 commentsBud Stewart
Caracalla AE 37 Medallion possibly minted in Caria(?)44 viewscommon theme from period late in Caracalla's reign circa CE 215-217 with emp. on horseback riding down the enemy.Jay G
Caracalla denarius44 viewsJupiter reverse1 commentsmarandnumiz
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 44 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Æ 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 44 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla, Philippopolis, Zeus, AE3144 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, struck 210-217
AE31, 20g
Obv: laureate head right
Rev: Zeus seated left, holding patera and long sceptre
Caracalla, AE 22 Diassaria44 viewsM AVR ANTONIN/V PI AVG (corrected legend)
Laureate bust right
Nike advancing left, carrying wreath and palm
Josifovski 299 (V21, R21), citing specimen in private collection
Kuzmanovic Collection 595
80419 files on 161 page(s) 34