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PORTUGAL - Sancho II45 viewsPORTUGAL - Sancho II (1223-1247) Billon Dinhiero. VAZ S-2.dpaul7
Postumus DIANAE LVCIFERAE RIC V/2 29945 viewsAnt, 20mm, 4.11g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: DIANAE LVCIFERAE, Diana walking R with torch and quiver.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 4.

RIC v/2 299, Common.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
ROMAN EMPIRE, POSTUMUS. AR ANTONINIANUS of Treveri. Struck A.D.265 - 268.45 viewsObverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.
Reverse: IOVI STATORI. Jupiter standing facing left, head turned to right, holding thunderbolt in his left hand and sceptre in his right.
RIC V : 309 | RSC IV : 159a.

M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus was appointed commander of the Rhine legion by Valerian I. In A.D.259 he rebelled against Gallienus and ruled Gaul, Spain and Britain for almost a decade. Not only did he successfully fight against the German tribes on the Rhine frontier, he also thwarted repeated attempts by Gallienus to overthrow him. However, in A.D.268, Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus rebelled against Postumus and, while Laelianus was defeated and killed, Postumus was assassinated by his own troops for refusing to allow them to sack Moguntiacum which had supported the rebel.


2 comments*Alex
Probus antoninianus45 viewsPROVIDEN DEOR2 commentsTibsi
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Trophy between two captives. Both captives looking left The left captive's hands tied and held behind the back, the right captive's hands tied and held in the lap.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 821, p-, Alf-101, No-14,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Jupiter,45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right. (A),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg:-/-//XXIS, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #145 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #1
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(F)
revers:- A-DVENT-V-S-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R*Δ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 278 A.D., 3rd. emission, ref: RIC-V-II 165, p-35,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 45 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 203, p-39,
035 - Probus (276-282 AD), antoninianus - RIC 87845 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA dot deltha dot in exe), officina 4, 4th emisson 277 AD.
Bust type G.

3 commentspierre_p77
L Procilia denarius, 80 BC45 viewsBust of Jupiter, right, S.C behind, bankers mark
L PROCILIA F, Juno Sospita advancing right with shield and spear, snake before
Procilia 1, Syd 771, Craw 379/1
1 commentswhitetd49
Profectio Dlsd45 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped on left shoulder
Reverse: PROFECTIOAVGVSTI, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander laureate, in military dress, on horseback right, holding transverse spear in right hand, preceded by Victory holding wreath up in right hand
BMC 748-9, RIC 596
Weight, 17.01g; die axis, 12h.
Bithynia, Prusias I, SNG Copenhagen 639 #245 viewsKingdom of Bithynia, Prusias I., 183-149 BC
AE 20, 5.00g
obv. (anepigraphic)
Head of Dionysos, with ivy-wreath, r.
rev. Kentaur Cheiron, stg. r., holding Lyra with both hands, waving chlamys behind him
Monogram in lower r. field
SNG Copenhagen 639; BMC 9; SG 7266
about VF

For more information look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'
German states. Prussia. Friederich Wilhelm III. .5210 silver 4 Groschen 1805 A.45 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich Wilhelm III. .5210 silver 4 Groschen 1805 A. FRIDRERKVS WILHELM III BOROSS REX, bust left / Crowned arms dividing date 1805, PURA COLON 84 EX MARCIA, value 4 GR and mint-mark A below.

KM 370
Punic 7 D.jpg
Numidia45 viewsNumidia, Kings of. Micipsa. Circa 148-118 BC. Æ 27 mm (16.97 gm). Laureate, bearded head left / Prancing horse left; pellet below.

SNG Copenhagen 504ff; Mazard 50.
P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus45 viewsSilver denarius, Rome, 42 BC
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
Diana Lucifera standing facing, holding two long torches,
bow and quiver on shoulder, P. CLODIVS to right, M.F to left.
Crawford 494/23. Sydenham 1117.
Sergius Silus
Schjöth 1466 var., Hartill 6.76 Type H1, KM 39145 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1796-1799 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), old branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

The Shanlongs (Type H) were cast during the period in which Qianlong had officially abdicated in favor of Jiaqing, but was still ruling as the Great Super Emperor (1796-1800). The type is comprised of coins with a special form of long and a six stroke, open bei.

Type H1 coins are of a good size and workmanship. The Z yi is written with straight lines, the dots of tong are vertical, and the Y- of yuwan is long and curved. The coins cast by the old branch have a square head two dot tong.

Hartill rarity 9
China - Ren Zong, 1796-1830 AD45 viewsRen Zong
Qing Dynasty
1 cash, 1796-1820
Board of Revenue Mint
Hartill 22.481
50 B.C. silver denarius of P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus45 viewsCatalog: Sear 409

Moneyer: P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus

Obverse: Bare head of M. Claudius Marcellus (consul 222 B.C.) right, triskeles behind, MERCELLINVS before

Reverse: Togate figure of M. Claudius Marcellus advancing right, carrying trophy (spolia optima) into tetrastyle temple of Jupiter Feretrius, MARCELLVS on right, COS QVINC on left
1 commentsRomaVictor
RI 030e img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Denarius - RIC ???45 viewsObv:– IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERTAS [PVBLICA], Libertas standing left, holding pileus and staff
Minted in Uncertain mint in Spain. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II ???

RI 054a img.jpg
054 - Lucilla denarius - RIC 78845 viewsObv:– LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, Draped bust facing right
Rev:– VESTA, Vesta standing left, sacrificing out of simpulum over lighted altar and holding palladium
Reference RIC 788
RI 064dl img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-E-DVC, Fortuna standing left holding cornucopiae in each hand
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC unlisted. RSC/Cohen unlisted. No examples in the Reka-Devnia hoard
RI 071r img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 16145 viewsObv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left between two sheilds, carrying wreath, star in field
References:– RIC 161, RSC 300

RI 079a img.jpg
079 - Julia Mamaea denarius - RIC 33845 viewsObv:– IVLIA MAMAEA AVG , Diademed and draped bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicity seated left, holding scepter and a cornucopiae
References:– RIC 338, RSC 24
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132hv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (Siscia) (XXIS)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 5 Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference(s) – RIC 816 var. Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (spear and shield is S) Not listed with this bust type in RIC.
Weight 4.16 gms
Size 23.69mm
RI 132jv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 877 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KAΔ) (unlisted with this bust type)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse
Minted in Serdica (KAΔ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 877 var. Bust type H. (RIC does not list this entry with this bust type)
RI 147b img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Alexandria 15a note45 viewsObv:– FAL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPV - L - I ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria (Γ in right field, ALE in exe.) in A.D. 294
References:– RIC VI Alexandria 15a note. (FAL VAL legend variety noted in the Vienna collection)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 147i img.jpg
147 - Constantius I Chlorus - RIC VI Lugdunum 25145 viewsAE Follis
Obverse Legend – DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, Laureate, bust right
Reverse Legend – CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing up with head up and wings spread on altar
Minted in Lugdunum (PLG in exe.). Summer A.D. 307 to Summer A.D. 308
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 251 (Scarce). Bastien XI 436 (4 examples cited)

Weight 6.96 gms.
Size 22.22mm on Obv. X-Axis, 22.94mm in Obv. Y-Axis.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Caracalla - Indulgentia45 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.24gm)
RIC IVi.214, RCV.6805 (S)
O: Laureate head right.
R:. Indulgentia (Julia Domna?) wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding scepter.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
1 commentsPaul DiMarzio
RIC 0155 Titus45 viewsObv : IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, Laureate head left
Rev : PAX AVGVST / S - C in field; Pax standing left, holding cornucopia and olive branch
AE/Sestertius (34.21 mm 26.56 G 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 155 (C), BMCRE 171-173
Ex Artemide Aste Auction XXXV Lot 136
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Radiate and draped bust right / as CAESAR
Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
RIC 214 4,31g Viminacium
1 commentsPriscus
RIC 0392 Domitianus45 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0003 Domitianus45 viewsObv : IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev : TR P COS VII, Seat, draped; above, triangular frame decorated with corn ears
AR/Denarius 18.75 mm 3.46 g 6 h. Struck in Rome 81 A.D.
RIC 3 (R), BMCRE 2, RSC 554a, Paris 2
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0564 Domitianus45 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANICVS, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII, across field, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius (20.78 mm 3.39 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D. (2nd group)
RIC 564 (R2) - RSC 68
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 096a 45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– VOTA PVBLICA, Severus standing left, holding patera over altar sacrificing
Minted in Rome. A.D. ???
Ref:– RIC 96a. RSC 777. BMCRE W178
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Radiate, draped bust of Sol right
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 7
Cunetio 2465
1 commentsmauseus
145 viewsObverse
VI over G
Crowned 1641
845 viewsObverse
VI over G
Cartouche 1654
IIII over ?
IIII over ?
Crowned 1636
Tetricus II: Mint and Issue uncertain45 viewsBrockage
Radiate, draped bust right
Aurelian 381_745 viewsVabalathus
Antioch Mint
Laureate and diademed bust right
Radiate and cuirassed but right
RIC (Aurelian) 381
Aurelian Milne 430345 viewsAlexandria
Milne 4303
6945 viewsVitellius 69 AD
AR denarius
Lugdunum mint
Laureate bust left
Mars walking left
Lugdunum mint
RIC - (cf 51)
3.2 grammes, die axis 240 degrees
5 commentsmauseus
Venice italy45 viewsRandygeki(h2)
Romanus III45 viewssolidusantvwala
Roman Empire, Maximinus I (235-238) AR Denarius (RIC-19)45 viewsObv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate draped bust facing right
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter
3 commentsSpongeBob
45 viewsSeverus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Reverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
RPC II 1801Vespasianus45 viewsObv: AYTOKPATΩP OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, Laureate head left
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY H, Zeus Salaminios standing facing, holding patera in right hand, left hand resting on a short sceptre; eagle on left arm
AR/Tetradrachm (24.84 mm 12.88 g 12h) Struck in Uncertain Cypriot mint 75-76 A.D.
RPC 1801, Prieur 1561, BMC 21
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Second Punic War, Vanquished Enemy Overstrike, 211-204 B.C.45 views" This coin is from Andrew McCabe's group H1, a previously unrecognized late Second Punic War issue, overstruck on the coins of Rome's vanquished enemies, from a mint or mints in Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia. The most common undertype is Carthaginian Tanit / horse types, but coins of Capua, the Bretti, Syracuse and other coins of the vanquished were also overstruck. For reasons unknown, these coins were overstruck on types that weighed half the standard for the same denomination at Rome. In the past these coins were often assumed, based on their weight, to date to the late second century or first century B.C."

Bronze triens, McCabe Anonymous group H1, cf. Crawford 56/4 (Rome mint, normal weight), VF, overstruck, nice green patina, 6.827g, 20.5mm, 270o, Southern Italy, Sicily or Sardinia mint, 211 - 204 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA above, four pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection;
Roman Imperial AR denarius, Vespasian (69-79 AD), "Judaea Capta" issue struck ca. 69-70 AD45 viewsObverse- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse- Captive Jewess seated right, hands tied before, trophy of captured arms behind, IVDAEA in exergue.
RIC 2, RSC 226, 3.17 g.
NGC Ch F (Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5), cert. #4095350-004.
Ex- eBay purchase (perhaps from seller "antiquarica"), January, 2011 (purchased raw).
Comments: If you're going to have just one Vespasian coin, it really should be a Judea Capta. Not only does this one have a poignant and strong historical association with the Roman conquest of Judaea, but an excellent strike and full obverse legends as well. One can't help but think of the tragic siege of Masada when holding this coin.
3 commentslordmarcovan
102. Trajan; Cappadocia, Caesarea45 viewsTrajan Ae21
Lion skin over club, Holed.
2 commentsecoli
Sabina D.jpg
Sabina As45 viewsSabina Æ As. SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left elbow on statue of Spes, Cornucopiae below.

RIC 1037

091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 029, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left, #245 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 029, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left, #2
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-029, p-, Göbl-227b,
Salonina, Salus45 viewsAntoninianus

diademed and draped bust right resting on a crescent

Salus standing right feeding serpent

RIC 88 ; RSC 105; Sear5 10652
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous45 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
MYSIE - CYZIQUE 45 viewsHémiobole, Groupe 1, 480-450 avant J.C.
Avers :
Anépigraphe. Protomé de sanglier bondissant à gauche.
Revers :
Anépigraphe. Tête de lion, la geule béante dans un carré creux ; au dessus étoile à 4 rais (milet?)

Références : Bmc 119. Gc 3850. Aulock 1213. SNG France 5386. Delepierre 2516
(VIe - Ve siècle avant J.-C.)
Cyzique, colonie de Milet fondée au VIIIe siècle avant J.-C., est située au bord la Propontide sur l'île d'Arktonnesos. Sa situation politique et économique était prépondérante entre le Pont-Euxin et la Mer Égée en contrôlant la Propontide au débouché de l'Hellespont. Le monnayage débuta à la fin du VIIe siècle avant J.-C. Un important monnayage d'électrum fut frappé entre 600 et 330 avant J.-C. avec le thon comme symbole.
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,45 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers:- Crowned bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right.
revers:- Fire altar flanked by attendants.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
Billion Aspron Trachy Andronicus I SB 198545 viewsObverse: The virgin stg. facing on dais, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, she hold before her nimbate head of the infant Christ facing to l.
Reverse: AN(delta)PONIKOC (delta)ECIIOTHC or similar. Christ bearded and with nimbus cross or r. and Andronicus with forked beard on l., both stg. facing. Christ wears pallium and colobium holds book of gospels in l. hand, and with his r. crowns the emperor who wears divitision and loros. Holds labarum and gl. cr., between their heads IC ro r., XC.
Mint: Constantinople
Date 1183-1185 CE
Sear 1985
29mm 3.00 gm
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Scipio, Denarius45 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53445 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
selim iii.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SELIM III45 viewsSelim III silver para 1204 AH (1790AD) 8th YEAR mm, 0.27 g. dpaul7
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I ???, Rome ???, barbar ???, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, 45 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I ???, Rome ???, barbar ???, AR-Denarius, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-, Laurate bust right.
revers:- ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome ???, date: A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-74, p-, RSC-6, S-, ???
Septimius Severus, AE 2845 viewsAV K L SEP SEVHROS
Bust laureate, draped, seen from behind
Dionysos (Sabazios?) standing facing, head left, holding thrysos and kantharos, panther at his feet
cf. AMNG Pick 557 but Dionysos is clothed, not nude. Possibly a depiction of a Thracian cult of Dionysos.
cf. Varbanov (Eng.) I, 746 but with legend variations - same obverse die as Varb. 750 with Dionysis reverse
1 commentswhitetd49
286/1 M. Sergius Silus45 viewsM. Sergius Silus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 116-115 B.C. (3.81g, 17.98mm, 9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, EcX SC before, ROMA X (XVI ligature) behind. Rev: helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q below horse’s forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in ex. RSC I Sergia 1a, Sear 163, Ex Warren Esty.

The reverse depicts the grandfather of the moneyer, who, during the Punic War, reportedly suffered 23 wounds and the loss of a hand but continued the fight. The EX SC on the obverse indicates the coin was struck by a quaestor by special decred of the Senate. Quaestors were the immediate supervisors of the moneyers, but occasional struck udner their own name as well.
2 commentsLucas H
Sestercio ANTONINO PIO RIC 904.jpg
31-32 - ANTONINO PIO (138 - 161 D.C.)45 viewsAE Sestercio 33 x 31 mm 23.0 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG [PIVS P P TR P XVI]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA [AVG COS IIII]" - Indulgencia sentada a izquierda levantando su brazo derecho y portando cetro en izquierdo.

Acuñada 152 - 153 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #904 Pag.139 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4183 Pag.221 - BMCRE #1920 - Cohen Vol.II #452 Pag.314 - DVM #75 Pag.138
Severus Alexander Iovi45 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 200, sharp EF, 3.056g, 20.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, cloak hanging over arm, thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of emperor at feet left. Ex. Forvmfordicus
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 187, Rome, AR-Denarius, PAX AVG, Pax advancing left, #145 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 187, Rome, AR-Denarius, PAX AVG, Pax advancing left, #1
avers:-IMP-C-M-AVR-SEV-ALEXAND-AVG, Laureate draped bust right.
revers: PAX-AVG, Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 226A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-168, p-83, RSC-187,
Severus II, Siscia RIC VI-170a45 viewsAE Quarter-Folles
Siscia mint, 305-306 A.D.
19mm, 2.28g
RIC VI-170a

Laureate head right

SIS in exergue
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopiae.
Severus II, Siscia RIC VI-170a45 viewsAE Quarter-Folles
Siscia mint, 305-306 A.D.
18mm, 2.06g
RIC VI-170a

Laureate head right

SIS in exergue
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera, left cornucopiae.
Severus Alexander Sestertius Victoria Augusti45 viewsSeverus Alexander AE Sestertius. IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate bust right with slight drapery on left shoulder / VICTORIA AVGVSTI S-C, Victory standing right inscribing VOT X on sheild attached to palm tree.
Ref Severus Alexander AE Sestertius, RIC 616, Cohen 567, BMC 643, RCV 8021
Severus Alexander, 222 - 235 AD45 viewsObv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander facing right, seen from the front.

Rev: MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, resting right hand on a shield at his side, and holding a spear in his left; a standard rests on his right arm.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 231 AD

3.5 grams, 20.5 mm, 225°

RIC IVii 248, RSC 166b, S7883, VM 25/2
SPQR Coins
Schjöth 1418, Hartill 21.3 (Type E), KM 30645 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

1 cash, 1660-1661, Snanxi Province (Datong mint), 28 mm

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Tung (in Manchurian) to the left and Tung (in Chinese) to the right.

Hartill rarity 8
Chimera45 viewsSikyon Hemidrachm Sear greek 2774Ghengis_Jon
Pamphylia, Sillyon. Lucilla AE24. Bust of Men45 viewsLucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, wife of Lucius Verus, Augusta, 164-182 AD. AE24, 9.5g.
Obv: ΛΟΥΚΙΛΛΑ CEBACTH. Draped bust right, hair gathered in back in Chignon.
Rev: CIΛΛYEΩN. Draped bust of Mên right, crescent at shoulders.
Silver damma, Amirs of Sind, Ahmad, early 11th c AD, 0.25" - 7mm, 0.4 gm., Multan mint.45 viewsA 1000 years old rare little silver coin, showing partial islamic inscriptions and uncertain symbols. [la] ilaha illallah [abd allah] (?) / [Muhammad] Rasul [allah] abd allah (?). EF.
The rulers of Multan are usually known as Amirs of Sind or Habbarids. Very little is known about them apart from there coin which are given below. In AD 1030 Sind was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni.

Rare, especially in this condition, and not often seen in the West.
Antonio Protti
spain 2.jpg
SPAIN - Enrique II?45 viewsApparently double-struck! Legend reads ENRICVS -- Real de 3 maravedis?????

Approx. 25 mm.
1877 Spain Cinco Centimos45 viewsSpain 1877 Cinco Centimos, Bronze.
* 1877 *
Celtic imitation of Macedon AE 2245 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right
wide trident
type: (A?)5B
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
8,37g 22-20mm

original coin probably is:

187-31 BC
head of Dionysos with ivy wreath right
goat standing right
(NE) / ? other monograms
Sear #1466; BMC Macedonia p. 110, 10 - 16

Head of goat and one ivy-leaf under Strymon's head are slightly visible.

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.
Sulpicius Galba45 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI Tetradrachm (12.89 g, 26 mm).45 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI Tetradrachm (12.89 g, 26 mm). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Z below bust / Eagle standing left on palm, head left, tail to right. Prieur 588; McAlee 1126g. 2 commentsAntonivs Protti
Septimius Severus denarius45 viewsRIC 113 (3 gm, 17 mm).
Mint of Rome, 198 AD.

Small early flan, but centered & bold.
Mighty Mars!

1 commentsneander
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #145 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-, LV 2194-5
Cilicia, Tarsos. AE35. Philip I or II / Spes45 viewsCilicia, Tarsos AE35 23.4gm.

Philip I or Philip II as Augustus, same obv. die as Ziegler, Smaller German Collections, pl. 42, 799 ("Philip II"); SNG Paris 1730 ("Philip I"); and SNG Aulock 6062 ("Philip I").

The light beard would speak for Philip I, yet the features look different and younger than other portrait dies at Tarsus that are definitely Philip I. -Curtis Clay

Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC 57.jpg
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC V/2 5745 viewsAnt, 17x19mm, 2.29g.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R; I think it was probably intended as draped and cuirassed, but there's no evidence of a cuirass.

Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 57, Common.
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC 148.jpg
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC V/2 14845 viewsAnt, 2.51g, 21mm.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, VIRTVS standing L in helmet and military dress, holding spear and leaning on shield.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 148, Scarce.

Tetricus II RIC V, 25845 viewsTetricus 273 - 274 Caesar, son of Tetricus, Gallic Empire
AR - Antoninianus, 2.31g, 18mm
draped bust, radiate head r.
priestly implements
RIC V/2, 258; C.57
about VF?
added to

Priestly implements (from l.):
ASPERGILLUM (missed), whisk for sprinkling holy water
SIMPULUM, laddle
GUTTUS, narrow-necked jug
sacrificial knife
LITUUS, short curving staff, hooked at the end
1 commentsJochen
I45 viewsTetricus I AE Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 100
Date: AD 270-273
Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing l., holding olive branch and vertical scepter.
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 2.1grams

“He was a member of one of the leading families of Gaul…and apparently a popular choice. Tetricus was installed as emperor at Bordeaux in the spring of AD 271, and then set out for Trier, the imperial capital. Before reaching Trier he took steps to defeat a Germanic invasion, and he fought against the Germans again the following year. There is little doubt that the new emperor was an accomplished and respected military commander. In the spring or summer of AD 273 he made his son, also called Tetricus, formally heir-apparent, with the rank of Caesar. Father and son were together at Trier early in AD 274, when Aurelian marched against them. The forces of the Gallic empire took the field to oppose him, but in a hard-fought battle at Chalons-sur-Marne Aurelian’s army gained the upper hand. Tetricus and his son surrendered, and the breakaway provinces of Britain, Gaul and the two Germanies were reunited with the rest of the Roman empire. The end of the story had a curious twist, for several writers tell us that Tetricus had reached a secret understanding with Aurelian before the battle, and surrendered as soon as the fighting began. It is even said that Tetricus invited Aurelian to invade, beseeching him to rescue him from his political difficulties. Still more surprising is it to find that Aurelian did not execute Tetricus, or even imprison him, but gave him a senior administrative position in southern Italy (governor of Lucania), where he lived into old age. His son, too, was pardoned…Aurelian’s policy was clearly one of pacification rather than repression, and the western provinces were welcomed rather then cajoled back into the fold.”- from Chronicle of the Roman Emperors by Chris Scarre (1995)
4 commentsNoah
Thasos, Thrace hemidrachm, 510-490 BC.jpg
45 viewsISLANDS off THRACE, Thasos. Circa 500-480 BC
AR Drachm (19mm, 2.42 g)
Ithyphallic satyr running right, carrying off protesting nymph
Quadripartite incuse square
Le Rider, Thasiennes 3; SNG Copenhagen 1016; HGC 6, 332
Theoderic the Great - Ravenna - quarter siliqua45 viewsTheoderic the Great (454-526), Ostrogothic king (471-526) and ruler of Italy (494-526). AR quarter siliqua (11 mm, 0.64 g) in the name of Justin I, minted in Ravenna 518-526. Obverse: diademed bust right, D N IVSTI-NVS AVC. Reverse: Monogram of Theoderic with cross above, all within wreath. Metlich 55.1 commentsJan (jbc)
Thessaly, Thessalian League. AR Stater.45 viewsCirca 196-146 BC (6.38g, 21mm, 3h). McClean 4953; BMC Thessaly-; SNG Copenhagen-. Obverse Head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; monogram behind. Reverse Athena Itona advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield; ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑ-ΛΩ[Ν] around field, K-OT-T-Y below. Nicely struck from high relief dies. Attractive style. Excellent metal. Choice EF.

Ex Pars Coins.

After the Roman Republic’s defeat of Macedon at Kynoskephalai in 197 BC, T. Quinctius Flamininus, the victorious general, headed a senatorial commission set up to establish a protectorate in Greece and he pronounced at the Isthmian Games in July of the following year that those Greek areas (including Thessaly) which were formerly under Macedonian control were now free. Flamininus then revived an independent Thessalian League, which was founded in around the year 1000 BC and was later disbanded after Phillip II of Macedon conquered much of the Greek world in the last quarter of the 4th century BC. Under the new League, the coinage comprised solely of silver in three denominations (stater, drachm, and hemidrachm/obol), and could be considered the first truly Thessalian League "federal" coinage. All issues bore the ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ, along with the responsible magistrates' names, and were likely minted at Larissa, the capital of the League.
1 commentsJason T
Greek, Thrace, Thasos tetradrachm (168-148 BC)45 viewso/ Head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy
r/ Herakles, standing left, resting on club, lionskin draped over left arm; HM monogram at inner left.
16,67g. 31mm.
BMC 78
2 commentsAugustin Caron
Tiribazos obol45 viewsCilicia, Tiribazos second time as karanos unique, 386-380 BC, Obol, 0.72g
Balltars standing left
Head of Ahuramazda right
Ref SNG Levante 216; SNG Paris 234; SNG von Aulock 5415, rare type
Q. Titius - quinarius45 viewsQ. Titius. 90 BC. AR Quinarius, 1.94g; obv. Draped and winged bust of Victory right; rev. Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below. Crawford 431/2, Syd. 693.Bartosz Awianowicz
TITUS45 viewsAR denarius. 80 AD. 3.45 gr. Laureate head right. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIANVS AVG P M. / Dolphin coiled around anchor TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP. RIC 26a. RSC 309.
Ex eBay.ancientauctionhouse.
1 commentsbenito
Titus pulvinar series45 viewsTitus. AD 79-81. Denarius 19mm 3.58g. Rome mint. Struck January-June AD 80.
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate, bearded. Head right
R: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, pulvinar (throne) of Jupiter and Juno: square seat, draped, surmounted by horizontal winged thunderbolt. RIC II 119; RSC 316; BMC 51
1 commentsNemonater
Titus45 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 112, RSC 309.
Rome mint, AD 80.
18 mm x 19 mm, 2.89 g.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor.

The reverse type of dolphin and anchor was part of a series by Titus honoring various deities (here, Neptune) following the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii.
2 commentsMarsman
Titus denarius from the Ephesus mint.45 viewsDenarius for Titus. Ephesus mint. Circa 74 AD.
3.30 grs.
Observe : IMP T CAESAR – COS III Laureate head right.
Reverse : PACI – AVGVSTAE Victory advancing r., holding wreath and palm branch; at lower r. field, star.
RIC Vespasian 1461 Group 8.
Rarity : R2.
A lovely portrait in the same spirit of my RIC 1470.
Ex Harry Sneh collection.
5 commentslabienus
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Caracalla, AMNG 2900 var.45 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 25, 9.45g
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. TOMEWC MH - [TRO] PONTOV (MH ligate)
Emperor in military cloak, cuirassed and laureate, stg. l., holding spear in l.
hand and small Victory in outstretched r. hand.
AMNG I/2, 2900 var. (has AV.K.M.AVRH.)
rare, VF/about VF

Legend error on obv., N instead of M.
2 commentsJochen
II-TRAIANUS -b - 002 Tridrachme Syd. 226; SNG Cop 21645 viewsAv) AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK
Laureate bust with drapea on left shoulder, right

Aquila between two standartes

Weight: 10,3g; Ø: 24mm;
Reference: Syd. 226; SNG Cop 216
Mint: CAPPADOCIA // CAESAREA; struck: 112-117 A.D.
2 commentssulcipius
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0128, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left, 45 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0128, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- COS-V-PP-SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINC, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight:3,06g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-112 A.D., ref: RIC-II-128-p-, BMCRE-328, RSC-74,
1 commentsquadrans
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0503a, Rome, AE-As, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S-C, Pax standing left, 45 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0503a, Rome, AE-As, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S-C, Pax standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate head right, aegis on left shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Pax standing left, stepping on captive, holding branch and cornucopia.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 25-26,5mm, weight: 9,27g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-503a-p-, C-408,
Trajan Decius.bmp
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Ros-130 AE2845 viewsObv:bust r, luar cuirassed
Rev:two eagles holding weath un beak between them a military standard inscribed L III GAL
Trajan semis.jpg
Trajan, Semis45 viewsRIC 645
Rev: DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP around wreath enclosing S C.

Apparently struck at the Rome mint for circulation in Syria, so could alternatively be classed as an AE23 of Antioch.
E Pinniger
Trajan AE Dupondius Mourning Dacian RIC 563 45 viewsTrajan AE Dupondius. 104-107 AD. IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate head right / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, in ex S C, Dacia seated left, in attitude of mourning, on shields and arms; before her a trophy. Ref RIC 563, Cohen 5331 commentsmattpat
Lycia, Masozytes, Trajan SGIC 109645 viewsTrajan 98 - 117
AR - Drachme, 3.53g, 18.7mm
Masozytes/Lycia 98 - 99
laureate head r.
rev. ΔHM EΞ - YΠAT B (=COS II)
two three-stringed lyres side by side, owl above, a foot on each lyre
SGIC 1096; SNG von Aulock 4268; SNG Copenhagen 45
nice EF, mint luster, fine, bold portrait!
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

MASOZYTES, together with Kragoi, was one of the main regions of the
Lycian League. Apollo/Lyre was the type of their coins
3 commentsJochen
Trajan - AE30 of Cappadocia, Rev. Horned bust of Zeus45 viewsTrajan AE30 of Caesarea, Cappadocia. COS 5 = 103-111 AD. AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM DAK, laureate bust right, draped far shoulder / DHMARC EX UPATO e, horned & bearded bust of Zeus Ammon right. Sydenham 2321 commentsmattpat
Trajan, RIC 642, Sestertius of AD 116-117 (Conquest of Mesopotamia)45 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.2g, Ø33mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117.
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TRP COS VI PP laureate and draped bust of Trajan facing right
ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA POTESTATEM PR REDACTAE [around] S C [in field] Trajan standing right, holding spear and parazonium; on the ground, the reclining figures of Armenia, the Euphrates and the Tigris
RIC 642 [R]; Cohen 39; Foss (Roman Historical Coins): 105/71

Coin minted between 116 spring and 117 aug (PARTHICO in legend) on the occasion of the conquest of Mesopotamia in 115. Beginning in 114 AD, Trajan began his campaign against Parthia which had deposed the pro-Roman king of Armenia. By 115 AD Trajan had turned Armenia into a Roman province. He then moved southward through Mesopotamia, capturing the Parthian capital, Ctesiphon, in 116 AD.
1 commentsCharles S
Roman Empire, Trebonianus Gallus45 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
Ti Claudius Ti.f.Ap.n.Nero Denarius 79bc45 viewsSilver denarius serratus, SRCV 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC Claudia 6, VF, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; reverse Victory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reigns in left, A·XVII? (control number) below, TI·CLAVD·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in ex; Nice dark toning

The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the Claudius Gens. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
Adrian S
Constantius II Doublestrike45 viewsRIC VIII 184 Constantius II AE3. 347-348 AD. CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette diademed, draped &
cuirassed bust right / VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN, two Victories facing each other holding wreaths, •(A
or epsilon?)SIS• in ex.

Note: Doublestrike on obverse forehead and eye/nose
Victoriatus, RRC 124/145 viewsUncertain mint, Victoriatus, 206-195 B.C. AR, 16mm 1.91g, RRC 124/1
O: Jupiter, laureate bust, r.
R: Victory crowning trophy, meta in between Victory and trophy
2 commentscasata137ec
Vespasian-RIC-106245 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1062, BMC 244, RSC 550
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Ceres seated left, with corn ears and poppy and torch.

A most vexing coin to locate, ironically the much rarer left facing example came to me first. Rated Common in the RIC.

A nice example of a late period Vespasian denarius. Good portrait.
Sri Vakka Deva Copper Unit, c.870-1008 AD, Shahi State, Kabul45 viewsObv. Elephant walking left, inscription above
Rev. Lion seated right with paw raised

Special thanks to Steve E for character identification
1 commentsSkyler
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,45 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,
avers:- DN-VALENTINIANVS-PF-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG-G-G, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
exergo: -/-//B-SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 388-392 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-39a-2, p-155,
Valerianus II, Antoninianus45 viewsRome Mint,
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter, as a child, riding goat.
Ref: RIC 3
4 commentsbyzancia
Lucius Verus AE Sestertius45 viewsOBV: DIVVS VERVS
bare head right
REV: CONSECRATIO, S C across field
eagle standing right on globe, head left
Date: 169~170 A.D. Rome Mint
RCV 5207, RIC 1509
6 commentsmiffy
VESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD45 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / Palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right foot on helmet (or globe?), holding spear and parazonium; to right, Jewess seated right beneath palm-tree in attitude of mourning. RIC II 363; Hendin 763; RPC II 1930; BMCRE 511; RSC 6452 commentsAdrian W
Roman, VESPASIAN45 viewsAR denarius. Ephesus. 71 AD. 3,61 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P / Ceres? seated left,holding corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae.
CONCORDIA AVG. In exergue E PH (ligate) E.
RIC 329. C 67.
A breathtaking portrait from an eastern mint.
Vespasian (Facing Left) Jupiter45 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. 21mm, 3.3 g. Rome mint. Struck AD 76.
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, left
R: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garlanded altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
RIC II 850; RSC 554.

A rather scarce coin. 6 left facing vs 67 right facing in the Reka-Devnia hoard; 2 left vs 10 right in the hoard of Francesti.

5 commentsNemonater
Vespasian - [RIC 520, BMCRE 86, RSC 164]45 viewsSilver denarius, 3.08g, 18.63mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, 73 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN, laureate head right

Rev. - FIDES PVBL, clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side

Although considered "common" this reverse type is hard to find in trade.

Purchased from Lucernae on
3 commentsrenegade3220
CONCORD MILIT - Constantine I45 viewsAE Follis, London, Mid 310 - Late 312
4.06gm, 22mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rx: CONCORD MILIT, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Concordia holding two standards.

RIC VI.195 (C), ex. Ron Bude
Paul DiMarzio
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS45 viewsObv: Emperor - Rev.: Pax. Cologne mint. 268-270 A.D. Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. Rev.: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding nolive branch and scepter.dpaul7
Victory Trophy Caerleon 2.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (View 1)45 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales. maridvnvm
Victory Trophy Caerleon close.jpg
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Artefact - Victory with Trophy (Close-up of Trophy)45 views1st Century A.D. Victory artefact displayed in Museum at Caerleon, the Roman City of Isca Silurum in South Wales.maridvnvm
Vitellius, April 16 - December 22, 69 AD 45 viewsObv: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Vitellius facing right.

Rev: No legend, Victory seated left, holding a patera in right hand and a palm in her left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, April - July, 69 AD

3.2 grams, 18.1 mm, 180°

RIC I 71, RSC 121, S2202 (var.), VM 1
2 commentsSPQR Matt
Vot 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm45 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; laur. bust r., ribbon across shoulder.
.ASIS. in exergue.
RIC VII, 143 (Rare 3)
If you're collecting L Jr., note the "ribbon" on the obverse as well as the "CAES" vs "C"; and also the Rx legend in three lines; it's the small details like these that add up to the correct attribution. ;-)
This is one of my very favorite L Jr. issues from the mint of Siscia; lots of silvering still intact!
1 commentsMayadigger
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - gammaSIS45 viewsATTRIBUTION-RIC VII Siscia 222
Ex.gamma SIS
Valentinian I, RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xvi 45 viewsSiscia mint, Valentinian I A.D. 367-375 AE, 17mm 2.21g, RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xvi
O: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor walking right, head turned back, grasping bound captive at the top of the head & holding christogram tipped banner, M left, * over F right
India. Vijayanagar Kingdom. Sachsivaraya 1543 - 1570 A.D. Copper Jittal (13 mm, 3.14 grams).45 viewsIndia. Vijayanagar Kingdom. Sachsivaraya 1543 - 1570 A.D. Copper Jittal (13 mm, 3.14 grams). Humped bull facing left, sun and moon above, dagger left / two line legend in Nagiri: Cha la ma ra ya, legend seperated by discuss, crescent, and conch.

MSI 863
1836 WILLIAM IV AR GROAT (FOURPENCE)45 viewsObverse: GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F:D: Bare head of William IV facing right.
Reverse: FOUR PENCE. Britannia seated facing right, her right hand resting on shield, her left holding a trident; 1836 in exergue.
Diameter 16mm
SPINK: 3837

The portrait of William IV used on his coinage was designed by William Wyon (1795 - 1851).

On January 12th of this year HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin aboard reached Sydney, Australia. Darwin returned to Britain aboard the Beagle on October 2nd with biological data he would later use to develop his theory of evolution.
1 comments*Alex
Athens c. 393-300 BC, tetradrachm45 viewsAttica. Athens c. 393-300 BC, tetradrachm, 16.23 g, eye seen in profile, Sear GCV I: 2537.1 commentsPodiceps
Jewish War, 66-70 AD, bronze 1/8 shekel 45 viewsBronze eighth denomination, 19 mm, 5.08 g, 69 - 70 A.D.
O: "To the redemption of Zion" in Hebrew, Omer cup with a pearled rim;
R: "Year four" in Hebrew, Lulav (myrtle, palm and willow branches tied together) flanked by an etrog (citron - small lemon like fruit) on both sides - Hendin 1369

During the fourth year of the Jewish War, the Romans had besieged the Jews in Jerusalem. There was a shortage of materials, and so, for the first time fractions of the shekel were minted in bronze. These are among the earliest examples of "siege money." Intended to pass as the equivalent in silver, they would have been redeemed for their face value at the end of a successful rebellion.

These siege pieces recall a time of despair and desperation in Jerusalem. Surrounded by Roman Legions under General Titus, intense starvation ravaged the city. Inhabitants were reduced to eating pieces of leather, belts and shoes. Josephus says that mothers even roasted and ate their own children. Simply having the appearance of good health implied a person was hiding food and would be reason enough to be murdered.
3 commentsNemonater
ROMAN EMPIRE, Quintillus AE Antoninianus / VICTORIA AVG.45 viewsAttribution: RIC 80??? (RIC V, Part 1)


Date: 270 AD


Reverse: VICTORIA AVG. Victory advancing right, holding wreath


a.ANONYMOUS TRIENS 269-242 BC45 viewsD/ Thunderbolt an four pellets.
R/ Dolphin and four pellets

Syd. 10

Two Dollar Bill45 viewsDate: 1953, United States of America
Obverse: President Thomas Jefferson
Reverse: Monticello

Two dollar bills currently depict the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies from England. It was given by my paternal grandmother's father to the first great-grandchild (me!)
Ionia, Ephesos AR Diobol - Bee/2 Stags Heads44 viewsIonia, Ephesos AR Diobol 10mm 0.90g 390-330 BC.
O: Bee with straight wings, E-PH either side.
R: Two Stag’s Heads facing, EPH above.
SG4375, SNG Cop 243, BMC 53. Darkly toned.

Ex Agora
Jian Yan Zhong Bao44 viewsSouth Song Dynasty, Emperor Zhao Gou, 1127-1162 AD
Minted for a very short term. Scarce.
2 commentssamwyi
44 viewsROME. Claudius. AD 41-53.
Æ As (28mm, 11.64 g, 6 h). Official issue.
Iberian mint I, engraver A. Struck AD 41-circa 50.
Bare head left
Minerva advancing right, brandishing spear and holding round shield; S C flanking
RIC I -; Besombes & Barrandon pl. V, 2/3 (obv./rev.)
44 viewsvercingetorix
Kos44 viewsCARIA, KOS 167-88 b.c

Obverse:Head of bearded Asklepios right
Reverse:Coiled snake;magistrates name .

13.50mm 1.89gm

The coin looks overstruck.On reverse it is a Δ and one other letter below
3 commentsmaik
Republic, Quartuncia44 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Probus44 viewsProbus Antoninians
23 mm 4.9 gm
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Soldier standing left, Victory in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield IIII in exergue
John Campbell
031 Germanicus44 viewsAE AS
Germanicus AE As. Struck under Caligula, 39-40 AD. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P III P P around large SC. Cohen 4 var.

RIC 43 (Caligula) ex Zizum
Fine+, 27.5mm, 10.18gram
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Nero AE As44 viewsRIC I 543 Lugdunum, C 302
9.72 g, 27 mm
S-C on either side of Victory flying left with shield inscribed SPQR
(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay for attribution!)
1 commentsMark Z2
Louis XVI (1774-1792) - Demi Ecu aux lauriers 1791 A44 viewsAtelier de Paris, 2° semestre de 1791 (.A)
LUD . XVI . D . G . FR . ET . NAV . REX ., buste habillé a gauche orné du cordon du Saint Esprit. Point sous le D de LUD
. SIT . NOMEN . DOMINI BENEDICTVM lyre 1791, ecu ovale couronné entre deux branches de laurier, .A sous l'ecu
Tranche inscrite : DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM
14.70 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2189
This coin and the following three give a "shortcut" of how the person of the King was considered through the french revolution : on this one Louis XVI is monarch by Divine right "Ludovicus XVI Deo Gratia Fran. et Nav. Rex"
1 commentsPotator II
ANTONINUS PIUS44 viewsAR denarius. 139 AD. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. / Libertas standing front,head left,holding pileus and sceptre (or rod). TR POT COS II.
RIC 50. RSC 861.
MACEDONIA, NEAPOLIS, 425-350 BC44 viewsHemidrachm, 13mm, 1.86g

O. Gorgon facing, tongue protruding
R. Head of nymph r.,narrow taenia, hair in loop behind, N E O Π in corners

AMNG pl. xvi, 26–29. SNG ANS 438

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
1 commentsAZRobbo
Ptolemy III44 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Æ Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

Thanks Bill and PtolemyAE for the attribution
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Plautilla, Denarius - bB3 - 012044 viewsRome mint, AD 202
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia standing left, holding patera and sceptre
3.5 gr, 18.9 mm
Ref : RCV #7065, RIC IV #363, Cohen #1
Potator II
Gordian III, Denarius 44 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #0144 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, h-O, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: h-O (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525e, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
Gallienus, Antoninianus44 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Gallienus, seen from front
VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus, standing right, holding spear and standard
3,93 gr
Ref : RCV #10413, Cohen #1309, Göbl # 8821
Potator II
Gallienus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntioch mint, AD 265-266
GALLIENVS AVG radiate head left
AETERNITAS AVG she wolf standing right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. Branch at exergue
3,9 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC V-1 # 628, Göbl # 1628a
2 commentsPotator II
Vabalathus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntoninianus minted in Antioch, 8th officina, AD 271-272
VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, Draped, laureate and diademed bust of Vabalathus right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelianus right. H at exergue
2.45 gr
Ref : Cohen #1, RCV # 11718
2 commentsPotator II
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left, 44 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left,
avers:- AY-Λ-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The emperor with short tunic, standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27 mm, weight:10,42g, axis:6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Faustinianus., date: A.D., ref: Varb-1-791-p-117,
Tacitus, Antoninianus44 viewsAntoninianus minted in Ticinium, AD 275-276
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate bust of Tacitus right
SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column, retrograde µ at exergue
4.03 gr
Ref : RCV #11812, Cohen #131, RIC V (1) 163
Thanks to Helvetica for RIC reference and help on exergue
1 commentsPotator II
Galeria Valeria, Follis - 007544 viewsHeraclea mint, 1st officina
GAL VALERIA AVG, draped and diademed bust right
VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, HTA at exergue
6.98 gr
Galeria Valeria, follis, Ref : Cohen # 2, TTB, R!
Potator II
Maximinus II, Follis44 viewsAntioch mint, 2nd officina, AD 310-311
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head of Maximinus II right
GENIO EXERCITVS, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia, cressent and S in field, ANT at exergue
7.28 gr
Ref : RCV # 14845 (55), Cohen #47
Potator II
Vabalathus AE Antoninianus44 viewsRIC Vb 381 Antioch, 271/272 A.D.; C1
3.54 g, 19 mm x 20 mm
VABALATHVS VCRIM DR, laureate, draped bust of Vabalathus right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust of Aurelian right. Officina letter B below
4 commentsMark Z2
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 041, Rome, PAX AETERN, Pax (Peace) running left, #144 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 041, Rome, PAX AETERN, Pax (Peace) running left, #1
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PAX-AETERN, Pax (Peace) running left, holding branch and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,51g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 244 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-041, p-, C-,
"This reverse was issued to recognize the peace achieved in Persia and promises that it will endure forever."
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis44 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I AE Folles44 viewsRIC VII 148a Siscia
3.36 g, 19 mm
CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, head laureate r.
D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT(dot)XX in two lines in laurel wreath
ASIS in exergue
Mark Z
Constantine II AE Folles44 viewsRIC VII 120 Thessalonica, 320-321 A.D.
3.14 g, 19 mm
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT V within wreath, star above in badge
TSBVI in exergue
Mark Z2
Gratian AR Siliqua44 viewsRIC X 27f1 Trier
1.89 g, 19 mm
GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
VRBS ROMA, Roma seated left holding spear and Victory on Globe
TRPS(dot) in exergue
EX: Roma Numis.
2 commentsMark Z
MACEDON - ALEXANDER III - THE GREAT44 viewsSilver drachm, Price 1750, F, 4.19g, 16.9mm, 0o, Kolophon mint, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion skin headdress; reverse ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right, scepter in left, right leg drawn back, grain kernel left, spear head right
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C.
PKA (monogram of)44 viewsBITHYNIA. Calchedon. Claudius. Æ 27. A.D. 41-54 (likely struck late in that period). Obv: (...KΛ)AYΔIOYKAIΣAPO(...TOΣ). Bare head left; countermark before neck. Rev: (KAΛXAΔONIΩN). Laureate and draped bust of Apollo right; lyre at far shoulder. Ref: RPC 1787 (1 pc); Sear 438. Axis: 180°. Weight: 9.35 g. CM: Monogram of PKA, in rectangular punch, 3 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 632 sim. Note: Howgego 632 is applied to 12 coins of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces I. This countermark is similar, although with the letter "A" added. Could it possibly also be a reference to Rhoemetalces Caesar? RPC argues that Calchedon formed part of Rhoemetalces Kingdom of Thrace. Collection Automan.Automan
1502c, Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D. (Cyzikus)44 viewsBronze AE 3, S 4118, 2.42g, 16.5mm, 180o,Cyzikus, F/F, obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SMK L(?) in exergue. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families

Valens (365-369 AD.)

Noel Linski, University of Colorado

Valens was the brother of Valentinian I. On March 28, 364, precisely one month after his accession by Roman reckoning, Valentinian appointed his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor at the Hebdomon, the first in a long line of emperors proclaimed there. Themistius was present and later recounted the occasion in his Or. 6. After only two months of co-rulership, the two departed from Constantinople for their native Illyricum. Outside Naissus, in Moesia, they divided their administrative staff between them and at Sirmium they did the same with their mobile forces. Valens was to rule the east, from Thrace in the North and Cyrenaica in the South eastward to the Persian frontier. Valentinian ruled the west. They did not spend long in Sirmium. By late August 365 Valentinian had moved on toward Milan, where he resided for the following year before moving on to Trier, which remained his capital until 375. Similarly, Valens was back in Constantinople by December 364.and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians.

In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens marched against the confederated barbarian army, and on August 9, 378, the two forces met at Adrianople. Although negotiations were attempted, these broke down when a Roman unit sallied forth and carried both sides into battle. The Romans held their own early on but were crushed by the surprise arrival of Greuthungi cavalry which split their ranks.

In one historical account, Valens was wounded in battle but escaped to a nearby farmstead where he was burned to death in a tower by Gothic marauders. The fourth century A.D. Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus does not seem to concur with this story. Regardless, when the battle was over Valens' body was never recovered, 10,000 roman soldiers lay dead and the perception of Roman military invincibility was destroyed.

Adrianople was the most significant event in Valens' career. Though he displayed some talent as an administrator, Valens' persecutions of Nicene Christians and pagan philosophers, his halting efforts at military achievement and his obtuse personality rendered him a less than glorious emperor. To have died in so inglorious a battle has thus come to be regarded as the nadir of an unfortunate career. This is especially true because of the profound consequences of Valens' defeat.

Adrianople spelled the beginning of the end for Roman territorial integrity in the late empire and this fact was recognized even by contemporaries. The Roman historian Ammianus (325-391 AD) understood that it was the worst defeat in Roman history since Cannae. Rufinus (340–410 CE), monk, historian, and theologian; called it "the beginning of evils for the Roman empire then and thereafter."

Noel Lenski, University of Colorado
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
16- Lucius Versus Sest.JPG
Lucius Verus Sest44 viewsAe Sestertius, 166 AD , Rome mint
Obv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, Laureate head right.
Rev: TR POT VI IMPIIII COSII / SC, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
30 mm
RIC 1460
Male head right (laureate)44 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Æ 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Herakles (bearded head right)44 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. Æ 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330°. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
German states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A.44 viewsGerman states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A. FRIEDR. WILH. III KOENIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / 30 EINEN THALER, 1 SILBER GROSCHEN, SCHEIDE MUNZE.

KM 410
Muscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D.44 viewsMuscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D. FFAISAL BIN TURKEE / FESSUL BIN TURKEY IMAM MUSCAT AND OMAN, value and date.

Republic of Cuba. .9000 silver 20-centimos 1916.44 viewsRepublic of Cuba. .9000 silver 20-centimos 1916. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, VEINTE CENTAVOS, arms divide branches / PATRIA Y LIBERTAD, star and rays.

KM 13.2
Germany. Weimar Republic. 1919 - 1933 Aluminum-bronze 10 pfennig 1924 F.44 viewsGermany. Wiemar Republic. 1919 - 1933 Aluminum-bronze 10 pfennig 1924 F. DEUTSCHES REICH RENTEN PFENNIG, value in square, leaves around / Six grains forming central triangle over date.

KM 33
Republic of Cuba. .9000 silver 5-Centimos 1952.44 viewsRepublic of Cuba. .9000 silver 5-Centimos 1952. REPUBLICA DE CUBA, 2 dates left of flag, tower on the right, denomination below / CINCUENTA ANOS DE LIBERTAD Y PROCRESO, star above tree, spoked wheel below & date.

KM 23
Julius Caesar44 viewsAE Dupondius (27mm, 13.25g) 45 B.C.
C. Clovius, praefect
Crawford 476/1a, Sear CRI 62, Sydenham 1025

CAESAR DIC TER, draped bust of Victory right
C CLOVI PRAEF, Minerva standing left holding trophy over shoulder and shield decorated with Medusa; at her feet, snake left
1 commentsSchwami
3. Malichus II 40-70 AD and Queen Shuqailat II44 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,140A, SNG ANS 1444
Obv: Jugate busts of Malichus II and Shuqailat II-Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Malichus/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
Size: AE16mm
1 commentsbrian l
Bohemond III, Majority, (1163-1201 CE) Billion denier44 viewsObverse: +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head l., mail compsoed of crescents, star r., crescent l.
Reverse: +AMTIOCNIA cross pattee with crescent pointing downwards in second angle.
Mint: Antioch
Date: 1163-1201 CE
.98 gm 17mm
Malloy 214.65
Mis-strike Probus Radiate44 viewsThis radiate 'Aurelianus", likely of Probus, has little detail left on the obverse though a radiate crown and -BV- can be made out. The reverse has two figures clasping hands - like Emperor and Jupiter - and a legend ending in -TER. The exergue has *Q. otlichnik
20francs Or Napoleon B An 12.jpg
20 Francs From France, NAPOLEON44 viewsAU, 21mm. , Paris, France, 1803/1804
AN 12 means the 12th year from republican calendar= from september 24th 1803 to september 22 nd 1804
Jean Paul D
313 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 11, Nicomedia44 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Bust: Laureate and rosette-diademed head right
Two soldiers standing to either side of two standards
Date: 330-341 AD
Mint: Nicomedia
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VIII 11
Rated "C2"
317 Trajan Decius.jpg
Trajan Decius, RIC 29c, Rome44 viewsObv: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG
Bust: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm branch
Exe: None
Mint: Rome
Date: 249-251 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
Dia: 22.1 mm Weight: 3.27 g
Ref: RIC 29c

Purchased from Forvm
1 commentsBluefish
33. Magnesia.44 viewsTetradrachm, ca 150 BC, minted in Magnesia.
Obverse: Diademed head of Artemis, bow and quiver at shoulder.
Reverse: ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ ΕΡΑΣΙΠΠΟΣ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΟΥ / Apollo standing on Maeander pattern, resting elbow on tripod, holding laurel branch, all within laurel wreath.
16.37 gm., 30 mm.
S. #4485; BMC 14.162, 37.
4 commentsCallimachus
Caracalla, Serdica AE2744 viewsobv: Laureate Bust right
rev: Athena standing left holding spear and shield
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Serdica
Thrace, Maroneia AE17mm (5.2g).44 viewsObverse: Head of Dionysos, wreathed in ivy
Reverse: Dionysos standing left holding bunch of grapes and thyrsos. 2150

Antonivs Protti
47- Diocletian Follis.JPG
47-Diocletian Follis #2-S44 viewsAE Follis, 303-305 AD, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.(Double struck).
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing with scales and cornucopia.
R(crescent)P in exergue.
27mm, 9.7gm
RIC 111a, Sear 3537
1 commentsjdholds
15 Hadrian44 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used is for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
3 commentsSosius
5 Fen ban liang stone mould44 viewsdouble side mould

casting time: around 182 BC

reign of Lu Zhi Hou (188-180 BC)
Constantius I AE Follis - GENIO POPVLI ROMANI44 viewsConstantius I AE Follis. Trier. 295 AD. CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. B in left field. Mintmark TR. RIC VI Trier 158a.


Ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Faustina Junior, Salus44 viewsFAVSTINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Salus feeding snake rising from altar

BM 141-144, Cohen 197 (thank you Curtis for the correct ref!)
Ar Denarius; 19mm;3.22g
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian44 viewsVespasian Den "Lituus, et al" NICE Ancient Roman Coin Vespasian AD 69-79 Silver Denarius "The priestly instruments I use as Pontifex Maximus." Obv: IMP CAES VESPA AVG P M - Laureate head right. Rev: AVGVR TRI POT - Simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus. Rome mint: AD 70-72 = RIC II, 30, page 18 - Cohen 43 - SEAR RCV I (2000), #2282, page 435 Mike Deigan
9.101 Elagabalus denarius 219 AD44 viewsElegabalus
AR Denarius
Rome Mint - 219 AD
4.01 gm

obv. IMP ANTONINVS AVG - Elagabalus laureate r.
rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI - Jupiter standing l. holding lightning bolt and scepter, eagle at feet on l, standard to the r.
Sear 7519
Gordian lll44 viewsNervousRex
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I44 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
AE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, with 3 hole, #244 viewsAE-very-thin Aplication, Single sided, with 3 hole, #2
avers:- Soldier riding right, holding shield and spear, spearing animal,
revers:- negativ pictures,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24x25,5x0,2mm, weight: 1,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: ???, date: 4th-5th centuries A.D., ref: ???,
AE-Bug, #12,44 viewsAE-Bug, #12,
size: 11-13,5mm,
weight: 1,95g,
(0383) AELIA FLACCILLA44 views(wife of Theodosius I)
383 - 388 AD
AE 2, 5.45 g
(ex HJBerk)
Aeolis, Kyme - AE15 - SNG Cop. 10844 viewsAeolis, Kyme. AE15, 2nd-1st Century BC; 4.37g; obv. Draped bust of Artemis right with bow and quiver; rev. One-handled cup; KY above, magistrate ZOILOS. SNG Cop. 108; BMC 87.1 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
GREEK, Macedonian, Alexander the Great, Drachm, Miletus44 viewsAR Drachm
323-319 BC
16mm, 4.20g

1 commentsXLi
Alexander III tetradrachm 325-323 bc44 viewsPrice 3602...Kings of Macedon Alexander III Lifetime Babylon 325-323 bc Tetradrachm. nice tone. graffiti. The Hercules/Alexander as Hercules side is the real toning. I had brightened the other pic to make it easier to see the mint marks etc...26mm Bought from vendor James Beech 440us$ net Jan/2013chance v
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm44 viewsKolophon mint (319-310 BC).
Price 1794
1 commentsMinos
Alexander III - tetradrachm, Amphipolis44 viewsAlexander III "the Great", AR tetradrachm, struck under Kassander, Philip IV or Alexander (son of Kassander), 315-294 BC, 17.15 g; Obv: head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin; Rev: ALEXANDROY;, Zeus Atephoros seated left, holding sceptre and eagle; in left field, Lambda above torch, below throne, M above star.
Price 481
Bartosz Awianowicz
(ex Sarasota Rare Coins)
1 commentslaney
Hendin 114444 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan). AE Prutah, Jerusalem Mint. Hendin 1144. Obverse: Hebrew inscription (Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews) within wreath. Reverse: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, border of dots. Ex Amphora.

Probable obverse die match to another member's coin of the same type:
1 commentsLucas H
Alexander the Great44 viewsIssuer: Alexander III "the Great"
Date ruled: 336-323 BC

Date struck: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Mint: Amphipolis, Macedon

Denomination: Tetradrachm
Reference: Price 13

Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.2 g

Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field

Appears in: Lighting - which one's better?

Click here to see the new photo. (Please comment/rate there.)
4 commentsViriathus
Egypt, Alexandria, Trajan, Geissen 63644 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117
AE - drachm, 33.58mm, 21.83g
Alexandria, AD 113/114 (year 17?)
bust, draped and wreathed with corn-ears(?), r.
rev. Dionysos in long garment and holding thyrsos in r. hand, std. l. in biga with two panthers l; the panther in front with raised l. foot and looking r.
in field LIZ(?) (year 17)
rwef. Geissen 636
F/F+, worn obv. but rev. with nice coloured patina

The correct attribution depends on the date in the field of the rev. which can't be identified for sure.
1 commentsJochen
Troas, Alexandreia, Severus Alexander, Bellinger A33144 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AE 25, 8g
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. COL - ALE - AV / TRO
Perspective view of the distyle temple of Apollo Smintheus with front-side r., The long-side shows a brickwork, the roof is covered with square plates, clipeus in pediment. Within statue of the god r., holding bow and arrow, quiver on back, tripod at feet.
Bellinger A331 (type 13); SNG Copenhagen 164; BMC 118f.
rare, F+

The temple of Apollo Smintheus was situated south of ancient Alexandria Troas. Today fundaments, fragments of the column-rows and large parts of the temple ornamentic are preserved. So the splendid design of this hellenistic temple could be suspected even today!
Alexander III of Macedon AR Tetradrachm ca 310 BC44 viewsOBV: Head of Herakles with lionskin headdress
REV: Zeus Ateophotos seated left holding eagle and scepter, ALEXANDROY vertical to right of scepter. Obscure date or mintmark under eagle.

The style of the coin strongly suggests the Ake mint (possibly Price 3301 or similar) with bellcovers on the throne legs and the slanted footstool on which Zeus rests his feet. The posture and arrangement of his robes also was typical of Ake tetradrachmae in the decade following Alexander's death in 323 BC. The weight of Ake tetradrachms is almost uniformly 17.1 gm ( Newell: The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake) corresponding exactly to this coin.

Bought at the Baltimore coin show 2010

Diam 26 mm, wt 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-19,44 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-19,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter:18-20mm, weight:9,59g, axes: 7h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: ,
(0491 ) ANASTASIUS44 views491 - 518 AD
STRUCK 498 - 518 (5th Officina)
AE FOLLIS 32 mm 15.64 g
O: D N ANASTA SIVS P P AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: Large M (mark of value); star to left and right, cross above, below, CON IN EXE.
DOC 23i; MIBE 27; SB 19

Trajan RIC 22 Fouree44 viewsDenarius, 98-99
Laur. r.
Victory seated l. holding patera and palm.
18mm, 2.40g
Anglesey 1944 views2 commentsSPQR Coins
bust of Roma left in plumed helmet, imperial cloak & ornamental necklace
Rev: wolf & twins left, 2 stars above
dot GSIS dot in ex.
18mm 2.4gm
044/6 Anonymous Quinarius44 viewsAnonymous Quinarius, from 211 B.C., 1.92 g., Cr 44/6, Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, V behind. Rev: Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in linear frame below. Ex HBJ.2 commentsLucas H
Antoniniano Filipo I RIC 44.jpg
70-08 - FILIPO I "El Arabe" (244 - 249 D.C.)44 viewsAntoniniano 22 mm 3.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ROMAE AETERNAE" - Roma sentada a izquierda, portando Victoriola (Palladium) en mano de brazo derecho extendido y cetro largo/lanza invertida vertical en izquierda. A su lado su escudo.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión 246D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #44b Pag.73 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8954 - Cohen Vol.V #165 Pag.111 - RSC Vol. IV #165 Pag.14 - DVM #34 Pag.2271
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 70.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)44 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antoninus and Faustina.jpg
Temple of Antoninus and Faustina44 viewsWhat remains of the temple of Antoninus and Faustina of course turned into a Catholic church during the middle agesTitus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 44 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (round edge) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.)
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, sestertius, RIC 100444 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (22.23,30mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 159.
ANTONINVS AVG [-] PIVS P P TR P XXII laureate head right
TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST [around] COS IIII [in ex.] S C [in field] Octastyle temple of Divus Augustus with statues of Augustus and Livia
ex Triton VI (2003)
The second temple of Divus Augustus, was restored under Antoninus Pius in 158. The reliefs on the pediment cannot be identifed with certainty, but the statuary on the roof can be identified as Augustus in quadriga flanked by Romulus on the left and Aeneas carrying Anchises on the right.
2 commentsCharles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 1004, Sestertius of AD 159 (Temple of Divus Augustus)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (22.23g, Ø30mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 159.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST (around) COS IIII (in ex.) S C (in field), Octastyle temple of Divus Augustus with statues of Divus Augustus and Livia in the centre.
RIC 1004 (S); BMCRE 2063; Cohen 805; Strack 1167; Banti 406.
ex Triton VI (2003)

The second temple of Divus Augustus was restored under Antoninus Pius in 158. The reliefs on the pediment cannot be identified with certainty, but the statuary on the roof can be identified as Augustus in quadriga flanked by Romulus on the left and Aeneas carrying Anchises on the right.
Charles S
Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm44 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Magnia Urbica Ticinum44 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS NERON RPC 1761.jpg
14-10 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)44 viewsAE AS (Híbrido No listado en RIC) 28 x 24 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "[IMP NERO] CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG [GERM P M TR P]" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C " - Leyenda a los lados de un altar con dos puertas y ornamentos en la parte superior. "PROVIDENT" en exergo.
Puede ser una moneda híbrida acuñada a partir de un anverso de Neron y un reverso de Augusto póstumo ?? - Ver BMC nota de página 276

Acuñada 54/58 D.C.

Referencias: Cohen Vol.1 #255 Pag.296 - (RIC #528/530/531 Pag.181 muestran ARA PACIS en exergo, en lugar de PROVIDENT)
Aspendos Pamphylia Greek Wrestlers44 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos mint, silver stater, 370 - 333 BC, 10.383g, 22.5mm, die axis 0o, SNG Cop 233, SNG Paris 87, SNG Von Aulock -, SGCV II 5398 var
OBV: Two wrestlers, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right and right forearm with his left hand, ∆Α between their legs
REV: ΕΣΤΦΕ∆ΙΙΥΣ on left, slinger, wearing short chiton, discharging sling to right, triskeles on right with feet clockwise, no trace of incuse square

In 333 B.C., after Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king.
Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own evnvoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city.
The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms -
they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4.000 horses annually.

EX: Forvm Ancient Coins
4 commentsRomanorvm
Artuquids of Mardin, Hosam Al-Din Yuluk Arslan44 viewsOb. Seated figure withthree others standing (Four figures mourning the death of Saladin?)
Rev. Arabic script

Ae Dirhem
Size 31mm
Ref Mitchiner 1041

1 commentsBacchus
augustus as2.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck c.25 BC44 viewsobv: CAESAR (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: [AVGVS]TVS (within laurel wreath)
ref: RIC 486, BMCRE 731, RPC 2235
mint: Ephesus (?)(Uncertain mint in Cyprus or Syria)
11.18gms, 28mm
I-AUGUSTUS-a - 001 Denar RIC I/37a44 viewsAv) CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right


Weight: 3,3g, Ø:20mm; Referenz: RIC I/37a; Mint: HISPANIA / COLONIA CAESAR AUGUSTA(?) struck ca.19 B.C.-18 B.C.
(Surfaces are a little bit rogh)
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*C*, Emperor and Jupiter,44 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
Bust radiate, right, cuirassed
Emperor standing leftt, receiving globe from Jupiter standing right, both holding scepters. Ex. P
RIC 48, Rome, 1st officina
C 105
2 commentswhitetd49
Aureolus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC 387 var.jpg
Aureolus for Postumus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC V/2 387 var44 viewsAnt, 17x20mm, 1.51g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS EQVIT, Mars walking R with spear and shield.

Exe: T

Milan. Struck by Aurolus in Postumus' name.

RIC V/2 387 var, 268, Common.
Sweden - Gustaf IV Adolf (1792-1809), commemorative issue - SM 52b44 viewsObv: crowned royal monogram made of G IV A surrounded with three crowns.
Rev: D : 9. JULI in fields separated by two crossed arrows, crown above 1794 below.
Minted in Avesta 1794.
30.5 mm, 14,2g

Struck to commemorate the kings visit to the mint in Avesta 9 july 1794.
1 commentspierre_p77
Faustina Senior Sestertius44 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: AVGVSTA - Ceres standing left, holding a torch in each hand.
Cat #: RIC.1120
Weight: 24.00g
Notes: This coin is somewhat mysterious to me. Above I identify it as RIC.1120 which for reverse states "...torch in each hand". However, if you look at the picture of my coin (or compare it to, say:, what Ceres seems to be holding in the right hand does not look like a torch. In fact, it looks more so like Victory, but RIC does not seem to list this variant.
Manuel I Commnenus44 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
Bangladesh44 viewsKm11.1 - 10 Poisha - 1978? (FAO)Daniel F
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,44 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-044, #1144 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-044, #11
avers: MBRE, Crowned head facing between two lilies, border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-RE +/X, (sometimes Lines instead of a legend), cross in circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,40g, axis:2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-044, CHN-1-057, Huszar-049,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. 44 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / DEUTSHCES REICH 1874 FUNF MARK, crowned eagle with Prussian arms on breast.

KM 503

Low mintage 838k
Italy, Piombino museum44 viewsGold found in graves of the ancient etruscan PopuloniaFranz-Josef M
Boeotia, Thebes, (late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C.), AE-11, SNG Manchester 931, Shield/Trident, 44 viewsBoeotia, Thebes, (late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C.), AE-11, SNG Manchester 931, ΘHBA-IΩN, Shield/Trident,
avers:- Boeotian shield,
revers:- ΘHBA-IΩN, ethnic around ornamented trident head.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5mm, weight: 2,37g, axes: 6h,
mint: Boeotia, Thebes, date: late 3rd to mid 2nd B.C., ref:SNG Manchester 931; SNG Hart 742-3; SNG Newcastle 273, BMC-108-111, SNG Cop 375,
Boeotia, Thespiae, AE-16, SNG Manchester 937, ΘΕΣΠΙ-ΕΩΝ Lyre in wreath, RR !!44 viewsBoeotia, Thespiae, AE-16, SNG Manchester 937, ΘΕΣΠΙ-ΕΩΝ Lyre in wreath, RR !!
avers:- Veiled female head to the right,
revers:- ΘΕΣΠΙ-ΕΩΝ, Lyre in wreath.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 1h,
mint: Thespiae, Boeotia, date: 146-27. B.C., ref: BMC,Cent.Gr. Pl-XVI:12,13, SNG Manchester 937, RR!!
P2. Victories, Shield and Altar44 viewsObv: Helmeted and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: Two Victories resting inscribed shield on altar.
2.5 gm 16.8 mm
Comment: Note small lower altar with reversed E on top. Shield is small and stylized with a flat bottom. Object above may be a part of the legend or a rendition of a bird.
M8. Vespasian, Copper As44 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III
Laureate head, right.
Palm tree with bound Jewish captive left, facing right. At right, Judaea as a mourning female captive sits right surrounded by discarded arms.
11.3 gm, 29.5 mm
Comment: This one was sold by a non-coin collecting Mom and Pop Duo who claimed they were not sure about anything regarding the coin including authenticity. My greedies were working overtime and I bought it on the remote chance that I would get lucky. The coin in hand is a real stinker. Stinking luck......After the exchange of a few e-mails (where I was nicely reminded of their disclaimer) they returned half of the price. Lesson learned #3: If someone tells you that they don't know if a coin is isn't!
B7. Heraclea RIC VII,16 C144 viewsAe3 3 gm 19 mm Struck: 317 Mark: MHTB
Laureate and draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand; mappa in right hand.
Six tiered campgate surmounted by three beacons (no star).
Comment: Retains significant silver. Added to the series after Licinius' defeat in their first civil war. Initially only issued by Licinius. (See album of same).
M2. Macedonia (Phillip II)44 viewsAe18, 6 gm. 16.5 mm, 315-294 BC, Sear (GC) 6697
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of Apollo, right, hair bound with tainia.
Naked youth on horse prancing right. Legend above, race torch beneath.
R6. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III44 viewsDrachm, 3.5 gm, 16.8 mm.
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
3 commentsMassanutten
P4. Honorius, Ae2, Cyzicus, RIC 28(c) (C), LRBC 2573, 393-95 AD44 viewsObv: D N HONORIVS P F AVG
Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Honorius standing facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
4 gm 20.5 mm Exergue: SMKB
I7. Julia Soaemias44 viewsObv: IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG
Bare headed and draped bust right.
Venus entroned left, holding apple and and sceptre. Child standing right at her feet.
Denarius, 2.7 gm, 17 mm, Rome, RIC 243
ex Joe Baran out of Forum Auctions
Comment: Mother to Elagabalus, niece of Julia Domna (the wife of Septimus Severus), daughter of Julia Maesa and younger sister of Julia Mamaea (the mother of Severus Alexander). She promoted the induction of her son, Elagabalus, to the priesthood of the god that he is remembered by and she helped engineer the return of the House of the Severans to the Emperial power. Unfortunately, the excesses of her son so embittered the Roman people that he was abandoned by the family matriarch (Julia Maesa) and through benign neglect her son was allowed to fall into the angry hands of the Praetorian Guard and the mob of Rome. Soaemias was caught up in the blood lust and put to death with her son.
8. Constantius I as Augustus44 viewsFollis 10.8 gm 27.5 mm
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right, seen from front.
Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in 305/6 at Treveri. mm: S/PTR/F RIC VI, 656 Rare.
British Virgin Islands44 viewsKm4 - 25 Cents - 1973Daniel Friedman
Roman Emperors44 viewsBusts of 34 Roman Emperors with Hercules and Poseidon.2 commentsancientone
Caligula, Caesonia, Carthago Nova44 viewsAE22, 6.5g
Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos44 views304 – 250 B.C.
7.13 gm, 20.5 mm
Obv.: Head of young Pan left, wreathed in ivy 
Rev.: ΠAN around Lion head left, sturgeon below 
Sear 1701; BMC 3, p.8, 21, 22
1 commentsJaimelai
Caracalla AE 37 Medallion possibly minted in Caria(?)44 viewscommon theme from period late in Caracalla's reign circa CE 215-217 with emp. on horseback riding down the enemy.Jay G
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 44 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Æ 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #144 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PV-GNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,32g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
3 commentsquadrans
Caracalla, Philippopolis, Zeus, AE3144 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, struck 210-217
AE31, 20g
Obv: laureate head right
Rev: Zeus seated left, holding patera and long sceptre
Caracalla, AE 22 Diassaria44 viewsM AVR ANTONIN/V PI AVG (corrected legend)
Laureate bust right
Nike advancing left, carrying wreath and palm
Josifovski 299 (V21, R21), citing specimen in private collection
Kuzmanovic Collection 595
Caracalla, Ae 22 Diassaria44 viewsM AVREL ANTONIN
Bust laureate, right
Nike advancing right with wreath and palm
Josifovski 395 (V89, R106)
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria44 viewsA C M AVR ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Nike-Nemesis advancing left with wreath and palm, wheel at her feet
V8, same reverse die as Josifovski 486 (V125, R173), unlisted die pair
Caracalla, AE 25 Diassaria44 viewsM AVREL ANT/O/NINVS AV
Bust laureate, right
Nike advancing left with wreath and palm
Josifovski 321 (V42, R27)
Seven reverse dies linked to this obverse, all with a similar minimalist legend
Kuzmanovic Collection 588-589
1 commentswhitetd49
Caracalla Caesarea Maritima44 viewsCaracalla Caesarea Maritima
AR27 14.2g Tetradracma
1 commentsMaritima
44 views2 commentsmarandnumiz
KM # 427 Spain. Carlos IV 1788 - 1808 A.D. AE 4-Maravedis, 180344 viewsKM # 427 Spain. Carlos IV 1788 - 1808 A.D. AE 4-Maravedis, 1803. Bust of Carlos IV right, CAROLVS IIII D.G.HISP.REX 1808, mintmark Crowned M / Cross with castles and lions in angles (arms of Castile and Leon), aqueduct (Segovia)oneill6217
Celtic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #244 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #2
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse-trotting-left-
diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Kugelwangen type,
date:, 2nd.c. BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Distribution : , Hungary/ n. Serbia
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VIII Constantinople 21Z.jpg
A121B-40 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla44 viewsAE4 Fracción = 1/2 ó 1/3 Centenional? 14 mm 1.5 gr.

Anv: "POP ROMANVS" - Busto de joven laureado (quizás Genio del Pueblo Romano), vistiendo toga y con una cornucopia detrás, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Puente sobre un Rio, se cree que es el puente de Milvian. "CONS/Z" en el campo centro

Acuñada 330 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.7ma.)
Rareza: C3 ?

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Constantinople) #21 Pag.448 - Cohen Vol.VII #1 Pag.332 - DVM #4 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8315.a. Pag.175 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3900
44 viewsThracian Chersonese, Cherronesos AR Hemidrachm. 400-350 BC. Forepart of lion right, head turned back / quadripartite incuse with crested helmet, pellet and 'A' and 'E' monograms in parallel incuse squares.CANTANATRIX
Maximian Coded - gamma with lamba I - Siscia - RIC 58044 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with XXI gamma dot lamba I dot in ex.cscoppa
Claudius AS44 viewsClaudius -- AE AS. R: Libertas AVGVSTA AVG. Sear 638.featherz
Claude dupondius Lyon.jpg
Claudius. Dupondius44 viewsTI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR.P. IMP.; bare head left.
[CERES] AVGVSTA : Ceres seated left on throne, holding corn-ears and torch. S C.

Claudius faced violent protests in Rome when the citizens had difficulties to find enough corn. His propaganda insisted on his efforts to supply Rome with food. Hence the Ceres reverse.

1 commentsGinolerhino
claudius com.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 201 44 viewsAE 19 mm 4.2 grams
OBV :: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. Radiate, draped bust right
REV :: CONSER AVG. Serapis standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding sceptre
EX :: gamma
RIC V (1) 201 Antioch
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC 151.jpg
Claudius II FORTVNAE RED RIC V/1 15144 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing L with rudder and cornucopia.

Exe: S.


RIC V/1 151, Common.

Some silvering.
Alexandria BI Tetradrachm of Claudius II 44 viewsClaudius II
Alexandria, Egypt
BI Tetradrachm
Laureate, cuirassed bust r.
Eagle standing left, head r. with wreath in beak
1 commentsArdatirion
Claudius, RIC 93, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 41-4244 viewsÆ Sestertius (28.8g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-42.
Obv.: NERO·CLAVDIVS·DRVSVS·GERMANICVS·IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·TR·P·IMP [/] S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding a branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 93 (C); Cohen 8; BMC 157; Sear (RCV 2K) 1896
Charles S
Fausta, Cyzicus44 viewsFLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms

Cyzicus Mint

RIC VII Cyzicus 40
Ae3; 19-20 mm; 3.08g
Aelia Flaccilla, Constantinople44 viewsAEL FLAC-CILLA AVG
Diademed & draped bust right

Victory seated right, inscribing Chi-Rho onto shield

Constantinople Mint

1 commentsarizonarobin
Commodus - sestertius44 viewsMCOMMODVS ANTONINVSAVG
TRP VIII IMP IIII COS III P P / S C - Annona standing left, holding statue of Concordia and cornucopia; modius to left with 5 grain ears, stern to right with 2 figures on deck and Victory on side.
181-182 AD
1 commentsGinolerhino
Laureate head right

Annona standing left, holding cornucopia and holding in the other hand a small statuette (maybe Concordia?). Left we can sea a modius with corn-ears, right there is part of a ship on which are two figures and one Victoria

Weight: 30,33g; Ø: 31mm; Reference: RIC III/350 ROME mint ;struck 183 A.D. First Emission
1 commentssulcipius
Marcus Aurelius AE Dupondius.44 viewsMarcus Aurelius AE Dupondius. 177-178 AD. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXII, radiate head right / IMP VIIII COS III P P S-C, Aequitas standing standing left holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 1232
sear5 #5034
Antonio Protti
Commodus Sestertius Securitas44 viewsPhiloromaos
Constantine I (307 - 337 A.D.)44 viewsÆ3
O: CONSTANTINVS AVG, diademed head right, ladder-shaped diadem with dots in segments.
R: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG around VOT XXX in wreath, dot SMHA in ex.
Heraclea Mint 326 - 327 A.D.
RIC VII 90 Scarce
3 commentsMat
Constans44 viewsConstans AE2 Trier,
347-348 AD.

obv: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier dragging young barbarian from hut.
TRS in ex.
RIC 224.
4 commentsGeorge
Constantine I Hereclea RIC 70 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC Hereclea 7044 viewsConstantine I
Hereclea Mint. 307- 337 A.D.
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG - Ladder shaped diadem with annulets, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Exergue: SMH(gamma)
Ref: RIC Hereclea 70
Note: No longer in my collection. Swapped for Arcadius RIC X 97, May 2005.
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 258.jpg
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII Trier 25844 viewsAE3, 14x16mm, 3.71g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Helmeted and Cuirassed Bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, VOT/XX on standard between two captives.

Exe PTR (Trier Officina 1).

RIC VII 258, 320, R4.
Bronze Nummus of Constantine I ("the Great"). A.D. 323-324.44 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
Rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA - Victory advancing right, holding trophy, pushing captive standing on ground.
PTR[crescent] in exergue.

Trier Mint, RIC 435

Removed from a piece of jewelry. Edges had been filed to make coin round.
2 commentsCGPCGP
Ticinium VOT XXX ST and QT44 viewsJames b4
Constantine II- Gloria Exercitus44 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right


IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and flanking two standards

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: Siscia εSIS (ε= epsilon 5. Th Officina, SIS= Siscia
John S
Constantine II44 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate bust left

SMKA dot in ex.
Camp Gate

325-326 AD

2.76 g

RIC VII 37 Scarce
Jay GT4
Roman Empire, CONSTANTINE I AE Follis RIC VII 435v, SARMATIA DEVICTA44 viewsOBV: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right
REV: SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing rt, holding trophy on right arm, branch in left hand, spurning captive seated on ground right, head turned back, STR(cresent) in ex.
2.8g, 19.4mm

Minted at Treveri, 323-4 AD
ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE Follis of Nicomedia. Struck c.A.D.312. 44 viewsObverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO. Sol, fully dressed in long robe, standing facing left, right hand raised and holding head of Serapis in left; in left field, A; in right field, crescent; in exergue, SMN.
RIC VI : 73c
2 comments*Alex
Constantine I - [Nicomedia RIC VII 12]44 viewsSilvered follis, 3.24g, 20mm, 0 degree, Nicomedia mint, 307-337 A.D.

Obv. - IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right

Rev. - IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, nude except for chlamys, holding Victory on globe in right and leaning on sceptre in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, Z to right, SMN in ex.

Great centering, full legends, and purchased for the marvelous reverse

80%+ silvering

Purchased from Rhodes Ancient Coins
4 commentsrenegade3220
CONSTANTINE I--VICT LAE44 views307 - 337 AD
AE18.5 mm 3.43 g
O: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted laur cuir bust right
R: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, 2 Victories standing facing each other, holding over a column a shield inscribed VOT/PR
P star/crescent A in exe
RIC VII (Arles) 188 R3 (Rare)
1 commentslaney
Arleate, RIC VII 289, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAcrescentRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Camp gate with two turrets, Scarce !44 viewsArleate, RIC VII 289, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAcrescentRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Camp gate with two turrets, Scarce !
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7,B4l., Laureate, draped and curiassed head left.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES, Camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergo: -/-//TAcrescentRL, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 0h,
mint:Arleate, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-289, p-265, 3rd-off, Scarce,
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, R1!44 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7,B4, Laureate, draped and curiassed head right.
rever:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES, Camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above 8th levels of stone layers.
exergo: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 19-17,5mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 5h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-77, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 389, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,44 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 389, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,
avers:-CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, D2, Helmeted cuirassed head right.
revers:-BEATA-TRANQ-VILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above tree stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR Crescent, diameter: 18,5-20 mm, weight: 2,99g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC VII 389, p-199, c2,
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 120, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #244 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 120, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #2
avers:- CONST-A-NTINVS-AVG, 1, Helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT,1, D2, S/F over HL monogram, Vexillum reading VOT/XX; seated captive on either side.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref:RIC-VII-120, p-439, 3rd.-off., R3!!!,
Siscia, RIC VII 177, 136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS wreath, DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, Wreath, VOT/•/XX within, R4!!!44 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 177, 136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS wreath, DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, Wreath, VOT/•/XX within, R4!!!
avers:- CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, Laureate head right.
rever:- DN-CONSTANTINI-MAX-AVG, B1, Wreath, VOT/•/XX within.
exergo: -/-//BSIS wreath, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-24 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-177, p-445 ,2nd.-off., R4!!!
constantius ii follis galley reverse (2).jpg
Constantius II, Galley reverse, Thessalonica mint, 348-351AD44 viewsConstantius II, AD 337-361
AE3, 19mm
Thessalonika, 348-351 AD
diademed draped cuirassed bust right
emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding a phoenix on a globe & a standard with Chi-Rho in the banner
TESB in exergue
Thessalonica, RIC VIII 133, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #144 viewsThessalonica, RIC VIII 133, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-2 Follis, A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Galley, #1
avers:- DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG, (Cs1,D3,) Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the bust.
rever:- FEL-TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on the banner, in the stern sits Victory, steering the ship.
exergo: A/-//-, B/*//•TSA•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 354-355 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-133, p-414,
Constantius II : GLORIA EXERCITVS44 viewsConstantius II, as Caesar (A.D. 317-337), Bronze Folles, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), second officina, A.D. 335-337, laureate and cuirassed bust right, FL IVL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, rev., GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing wither side of two standards, TRS• in exergue
(RIC 546, HRIC Constantius 72, Cohen 104), 17mm

ex Killingholme Hoard (The hoard was discovered by metal detectorists in 1993 near the village of Killingholme, which is situated on the south bank of the Humber estuary, near to the modern Immingham docks. The find consisted of approximately 3700 Constantinian bronze reduced folles, mainly from mints in the Western empire and predominately struck in the A.D. 320's and early 330's. It is likely that the hoard was deposited c. A.D 333-334.
Petrus Blasimus
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Aquileia 9644 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 6.2g, 24mm
Aquileia, 1.officina,, AD 348-350
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r.
Soldier spearing falling horseman; he is waeing a pointed hat and is kneeling l. in front of his horse (RIC type FH1 kneeling, rare)
field right: star
exergue: AQP dot
RIC VIII, Aquileia 96; LRBC 892
S!, about EF, flan break at 9 o'clock

Not in Helvetica's list.

This issue celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara AD 344 against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
1 commentsJochen
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Arles 215 var.44 viewsConstantius II, AD 337-361, son of Constantine I
AE 3 (Centenionalis), 2.5g, 18.69mm
Arles, 1st officina, 18 Aug. 353 - 6 Nov. 355
Bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r., wearing pearl-necklace
Soldier, helmeted stg. l., spearing fallen horseman; horseman, wearing pointed hat, std. in front of his horse r., raising hands to soldier. (RIC type FH2, sitting)
in ex. PCON
RIC VIII, Arles 215; LRBC 455
about VF
ex Baldwins 1989
ex coll. Failmezger (plate coin)

The rev. is cut a bit disregardfully. So the position of the spear behind the soldier's arm is physically impossible. Not in Helvetica's FH lists. Arles 215 is only described with type FH3 reaching!

Arelate (Arles) was named Constantina AD 328-340 in honour of Constantine II, who was born here. And a second time from AD 353-374.
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Siscia 35044 viewsConstantius II AD 337-361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 3 (Centenionalis), 2.6g
Siscia AD 351-355, 4th officin
bust, draped and cuirassed, pearl-diademed, r.
Soldier, with shield, spearing fallen horseman, laying forwards on horse,
stretching out arm against soldier (FH3 type)
in ex.. Delta SIS
RIC VIII, Siscia 350; LRBC 1218
about EF, glossy chocolate-brown surface

The horseman is loosing his petasus-like hat! A very rare variant.
A44 views Constantius I “Chlorus” AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 45a, Ticinum
Date: AD 305-306
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta stg. l. holding cornucopia and scales, TT dot in exergue
Size: 25.3 mm

“He was an outstanding man and exceptionally gracious who showed concern for the wealth of provincials and private individuals instead of simply pursuing the interests of the treasury…He was not only loved but also revered by the Gauls, expecially because through his government they had escaped the mistrusted prudence of Diocletian and the bloodthirsty rashness of Maximian.” – Eutropius Breviarium X.1

Constantius I was chosen by Maximian as his adopted heir. Upon the abdication of both Diocletian and Maximian, he became joint emperor with Galerius in March AD 293. In AD 305, Constantius I won the title ‘Britannicus Maximus’ for his successful campaign against the Picts in Britain. By this time, however, Constantius I was poor in health and believed to be suffering from leukaemia. This earned him the nickname ‘Chlorus’ (the pale). Although he was senior emperor in the west, Galerius had managed to establish a foothold by getting his own nominee, Severus, as Caesar in the west. The intent was to slip Severus in as senior emperor in the west upon the death of Constantius. Constantine I, son of Constantius I, had another plan in mind. Thus, when Constantius I Chlorus died at York on July 25, AD 306, Constantine I was proclaimed ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor in the west by his army before Galerius could take action. Galerius sought to diminish this power by proclaiming Severus ‘Augustus’ and senior emperor as well. This sparked a struggle in the west for power.
NOTE: As the father of Constantine, a number of Christian legends have grown up around Constantius. Eusebius's Life of Constantine claims that Constantius was himself a Christian, although he pretended to be a pagan, and while Caesar under Diocletian, took no part in the Emperor's persecutions. His first wife, Helena, claimed to find the True Cross.
2 commentsNoah
Constans RIC VIII 10344 viewsObv:CONSTANS P F AVG
rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears and shields standing to either side of one Chi-Rho standard
dot ESIS dot in ex.
16mm 1.3 gm
Constantius Gallus, RIC VIII, Siscia 33344 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar AD 351-354, cousin of Constantius II
AE 2 (Centenionalis), 4.98g, 23mm
Siscia, 1th series, 2nd officina, 28 Sept. 351 - 6 Nov. 355
Bust, draped and cuirassed, bare-headed, r.
behind head letter A
Soldier, helmeted stg. l., spearing fallen horseman; horseman, bearded and wearing bowl-shaped helmet, std. l. on horse, turned r. and raising hand against the soldier; r. on the ground his shield (RIC type FH3 reaching)
in upper l. field III
in ex. BSIS
RIC VIII, Siscia 333; LRBC 1203
about VF, slightly rough

Here too the horseman doesn't wear a Phrygian bonnet but rather a bowl-shaped helmet. His beard looks like a walrus moustache! Not in Helvetica's FH lists.
Constantine the Great44 viewsConstantine I - Constantinople Mint - Officina 2 - AE3 - RIC VII 80
O: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right

R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers facing each other holding a spear and shield on either side of two standards, dot-CONSB-dot in exergue

2.9g, 17.6mm, 0 degree die axis, 333-335AD
307-337 AD - Constantine I - RIC VII Thessalonica 222 - GLORIA EXERCITVS44 viewsEmperor: Constantine I (r. 307-337 AD)
Date: 336-337 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Size: AE3

Bust right; rosette-diadem, draped and cuirassed

Glory of the Army.
Two soldiers, helmeted, standing looking at one another, reversed spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield resting on ground; between them, one standard.
Exergue: SMTSA (Thessalonica mint, first officina)

RIC VII Thessalonica 222; VM 94
1.49g; 17.3mm; 165°
Ric-150 Gordian III - Providentia44 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
PROVIDENTIA AVG - Providentia standing left, holding a baton over the globe (universe-world) at her feet; left hand grasps perpendicular scepter

Ric -150 Cohen-299 June-Dec. AD 243 (12th Issue, 4th Officina)
Crispa IVNO.jpg
Crispina- IVNO LVCINA44 viewsCrispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 -182 A.D.


CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair knotted in a bun in back


CRISPINA: Crispina
AVGVSTA: Augusta



IVNO: Juno, goddess
S C: Senatus Consulto

IVNO LVCINA (Goddess of light) S C, Juno standing left, holding patera (a bowl used to pour libations) and scepter

Domination:Middlle Bronze, Orichalcum Sstertius/ Dupondius, 25 mm

Mint: Rom
John Schou
crispus vot v com.JPG
Crispus vot v TS delta I44 viewsAE 18-19mm 2.6 grams 320-321 AD
OBV :: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
REV :: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM . VOT V inscribed within wreath. Star in badge at the top of the wreath
EX :: TS delta VI (Thessalonica)
RIC VII Thessalonica 118
from uncleaned lot
RIC rated C1

** coin has an extremely brittle black patina that was falling off at the slightest touch. So I stopped the cleaning on it, and more than likely , will not be cleaning any further. This is as good as it's gonna get
Aquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #144 viewsAquilea, RIC VII 041, 142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Cyprus44 viewsKm33 - 3 Mils - 1955
Km55.2 - 5 Cents - 1987
Km41 - 50 Mils - 1970
Daniel F
Euboea, Histiaea. AR tetrobol.44 views196-146 B.C., 1,9 grams.
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, hair wreathed with vine.
Rev.: Nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of galley, ornamented with crescent, holding naval standard; below galley trident, leg. ISTIAIEON
1 commentsseleukoy
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)44 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
02 - 03 - Julio Cesar (49 - 44 A.C.)44 viewsAR Denario 17 mm de 3,51 gr.

Anv: ANEPIGRAFA - Busto diademado de Venus a der. Cupido detrás de su hombro.
Rev: Dos cautivos sentados a los lados de un trofeo de armas Galo, con escudo ovalado y Carnix en cada brazo, CAESAR en exergo.

Acuñada durante los años 46 - 45 A.C.
Ceca: Movil legionaria durante sus campañas probablemente en la Galia, Italia y/o Hispania.

Referencias: Babelon Julia #11 - Sear CRI #58 - Craw. 468/1 - Syd. #1014 - BMCRR Spain #89 - RSC Vol.I Caesar #13 Pag.107 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1404 Pag.269 - Cohen Vol.I #13 Pag.10

1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.44 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina

Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Divo Claudio Gothico, Roma mint, R/CONSECRATIO eagle (Braithwell hoard)44 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus (A.D.268-270), antoninianus, zecca di Roma
AE, 1.63 gr, 18 mm, qBB
D/ DIVO CLAVDIO, busto drappeggiato e radiato a dx
RIC 266; Braithwell Report #131 (5 esemplari nell' hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (23 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 22), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
Vespasian RIC II T035744 viewsVespasian, memorial under Titus. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.43 g., 17.4 mm). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANUS, laureate head right. Rev: SC inscribed on shield supported by two capricorns, orb with crosshatching below. RIC T357, Sear RCV 2569, Ex David Hendin.4 commentsLucas H
44 viewsDomitianus - DupondiusRugser
Domitian denarius with the COS VII - DES VIII PP reverse.44 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. End of 81 AD (Group 3).
Grs 3.16 and 17 mm.
Observe : IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM. Laureate head slightly bearded looking right. Reverse : COS VII- DES VIII PP. Minerva advancing right with spear and shield.
RIC 28. Not in Cohen (with PP at the end of the reverse's legend).
Rarity : R2.
2 commentslabienus
Domitian. Denarius. 92 AD.44 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. January–September AD 92.
18mm and 3.23 g.
Observe : IMP CΛESΛR DOMIT ΛVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right.
Reverse : IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing spear with right hand and holding shield in left; to lower right, owl standing right, head facing.
RIC II 736.
Rarity factor : R2
One of the classic Minerva types but with a very rare legend combination (TRP XI and IMP XXII), minted during only a few days.
I was looking for this one for a while. A few came around but the last bar of the XXII was, in all cases except this one, poorly clear (something of a scratch rather than a neat one).
This one is much clearer.
1 commentslabienus
Domitian (as Caesar), 69 - 81 AD44 viewsObv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head of Domitian facing right.

Rev: CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears and a torch.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 76 - 78 AD

3.1 grams, 18.5 mm, 180°

RIC IIi Vespasian 976 (New Edition), RIC II Vespasian 248, RSC 30, S2636, VM 7
3 commentsSPQR Coins
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm44 viewsKolophon mint (310-301 BC).
Price 1825
1 commentsMinos
Aigai44 viewsObverse: Apollo laureate right
Reverse: goat
SGCV II 4168
1 commentsCGPCGP
Netherlands 1745 Zeelandia - Silver Two Stuivers44 viewsZeelandia, Silver 2 Stuivers. Struck 1745.
Sometimes called a "New York Dime" Being one of the first currencies to be widely used in the New World.

obv: 2 S - Rampant Lion in water on coat of arms with crown atop.
rev: ZEE LAN DIA. .1745. - Castle Turret above, between two stars.

1 commentsrexesq
MACEDON, Neapolis. Late 5th-early 4th Century BC.44 viewsAR Hemidrachm (12mm 1.9 gm).
Facing gorgoneion
N-E-Ω-Π, Artemis head right.
SNG ANS 425-427.
6 commentsDino
Gaul, Bellovaci (Gallia Belgica) bronze unit (c. 50-25 AC)44 viewso/ Stylized bearded head right, with hair finishing in a mushroom shape.
r/ Stylized lion left
2,26g. 18,5x20mm. 4h
Scheers, Traité 471; BMC 32; Scheers Seine Mar. 646; L.T. 8577; DT 231.
5 commentsAugustin Caron
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I, Rom mint, struck 236-237 AD, AE Dupondius44 viewsMAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM radiate-headed draped bust right
VICTORIA GERMANICA, S-C Victory standing left, German captive at feet left
RIC 91; Cohen 111
Restitvtor mon Dlsd aegis44 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust radiate right, aegis on left shoulder
Reverse: RESITV_TORMON SC left and right in field
Severus Alexander in military dress, standing front, head left, holding out right hand and holding vertical spear in left
BM 546 note (Cohen 516, Paris). RIC 589
Weight 11.66g; die axis 12h
2 commentsmix_val
Elagabalus Denarius44 viewsElagabalus AR Denarius
218-222 AD
Ob: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right
Rv: VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left, diadem in both hands, shields to sides, star to left.
Closest ref: RIC 161, RSC 300, BMC 234 (Described with start to right)
Scotvs Capitis
Aelia Flacilla, Salvs Reipvblicae, Costantinopoli44 viewsantvwala
Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus / Head of boar44 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.

RPC I says on p. 272: "C.M. Kraay pointed out (NC 1975, pp. 235-
47), many of the 'automomous' and Augustan coins, dated to the
reign of Augustus by Oikodominou, are in fact later, ranging from
a few of the reign of Augustus down to the third century (post-
humous coins were struck for Augustus in the reigns of Trajan,
Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, perhaps Commodus, perhaps Caracalla,
and Valerian)."

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium the previous year.
1 commentsancientone
Euboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #544 viewsEuboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #5
avers:- Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled.
revers:- ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ , Nymph Histiaia seated right on galley, stern ornamented with shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,74g, axis: 2h,
mint: Euboia, Histiaia, date: 3rd. centuries B.C., ref: Sear-2498,
Roman Republic L Marcius Philippus fouree Denarius44 viewsObv: ANCVS
Diad. head of King Ancus Marcius r., litus behind

Rev: Aqua Marcia surmounted by equestrian statue r., AQVA MAR within arches (MAR in monogram) PHILIPPVS on l.

illegal mint 56 B.C. or after
19mm - 2.1g - 90deg
imitating Sear RCV 382

Ancient silver-plated counterfeit with numerous breaks in the silver plating and edge chips exposing the base metal core.
1 commentsTRPOT
John Hyrcanus I44 viewsYehochanan the high priest and Concil of Jews
mint : Jerusalem
134-104 BC
Hendin 452
Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan)44 views103 - 76 B.C.
Widow’s Mite
Bronze prutah (or lepton)
1.55 g, 19 mm
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY around inverted anchor
Rev.: star surrounded by diadem

Modern replica received in advertisement for
The Jewish Voice Ministries
RIC 12044 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Felicitas standing l., holding caduceus and leaning on column.

Cast fake, sold on eBay on Oct. 23, 2011 for £62,00 (byzantinecollector)
1 commentsklausklage
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!44 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REI-PVBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//R wreath P, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,64g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-292, p-330, R4!!!,
Faustina, Concorida44 viewsFAVSTINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Concordia standing front, head left, holding patera and cornucopiae

RIC 335; RSC 151
wildwinds example
Ar Denarius;18mm;3.03g
1 commentsarizonarobin
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0344 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AETERNITAS, Juno standing left, #144 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0344 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AETERNITAS, Juno standing left, #1
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AETER-NITAS, Juno standing left, hand raised, holding scepter.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 17,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 148-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-344 (Antoninus Pius)p- , C-26,
1 commentsquadrans
Antonius Felix44 viewsAntonius Felix
Prefect: 52-59 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Crossed Shields Spears
Reverse: Palm Tree
Date: Year 14 = 54 AD
Reference: Hendin 652
3 commentsJohn K
Roman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057, 44 viewsRoman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057,
type: Geometric Plate Fibula
size: 36x27mm,
date: A.D.,
distribution: ,
Pre-Roman or Greek AR-Fibula, Hattatt 190 (???) variation,44 viewsPre-Roman or Greek AR-Fibula, Hattatt 190 (???) variation,
type: Pre-Roman or Greek fibula variation,
size: 41x22mm, weight: 8,01g, date: 175-275 A.D. and/or 200-250 A.D.,
ref: Hattatt 190 (???) variation, distribution: ???,
1 commentsquadrans
Bust radiant right, draped
Reverse: FIDES_M_I_LITVM SC left and right in field
Fides draped, standing front, head left, holding a vertical standard in each hand
BMC 229*, RIC 553
Weight, 11.546g; die axis, 12h
DIVA FAVSTINA44 viewsAR 17mm after 141AD
Obv - DIVA FAVSTINA - draped bust right
Rev - AED DIV FAVSTINAE - hexastyle temple with statue of Faustina
Reference - RIC III (Antoninus Pius) 343
Mint - Rome
Gordian III44 viewsGordian III AR Antoninianus. March-May? 240 AD
IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / PM TR P II COS PP, Gordian standing left sacrificing over altar from patera.
Scarce one year obverse legend
RIC 54
4.5 g.
lil better shot.
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
009 - Gallienus (253-268 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 610F 44 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS AVG. Apollo standing left, holding branch and leaning on tripod.
Minted in Antioch (PXV in exe), 267 AD.
4 commentspierre_p77
090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 160, Rome, Sole Reign, AETERNITAS AVG, Sol standing left,44 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 160, Rome, Sole Reign, AETERNITAS AVG, Sol standing left,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiated head right.
revers:- AETERNITAS-AVG, Radiate Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe raised in left. Γ in left field.
exerg: Γ/-//--, diameter: 19-19,5mm, weight: 3,28g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 264-265-A.D. Sole Reign., ref: RIC-V-I-160, p-, C-, Göbl-577a,
Galerius Radiate fraction, RIC VI Alexandria 59b44 viewsAlexandria mint, Galerius Radiate fraction, 305-306 A.D. AE, 20/21mm 2.93g, RIC VI Alexandria 59b
O: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, Prince standing right in military dress, receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, leaning on sceptre left, B in center field

For those of you in my boat (Galerius? But it says IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG...that should be Maximian...shouldn't it??), it seems that these guys had a complicated ruling relationship. When Diocletian institued the Tetrarchy, Maximian was given the rule of the Western Empire which he ruled from 286-305. He was forced to abdicate (along with Diocletian) in 305, but somehow (I am sure if I read further it would be explained)...he de-abdicated himself in 306 to rule with his boy Maxentius until 308. He was once again forced to give up the purple, but I guess he couldnt sit still because in 310 he made one last play and got his butt kicked by Constantine I and was "forced to commit suicide".

Ex Bourne (FORVM: Mauseus)
A big thanks to Curtis Clay for pointing out my attribution problems! I really appreciate. For more info on the coinage oddities of the period, check out Doug Smith's writeup at:

1 commentscasata137ec
198-209 AD - Geta as Caesar - Moushmov 0519 - Snake Climbing Altar Reverse44 viewsCaesar: Geta (Caes. 198-209 AD)
Date: 198-209 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE16

Obverse: ??? ΓETAC K
Bust right; draped

Snake climbing up a tripod altar.

Mint: Markianopolis, Thrace
Moushmov 519
3.21g; 16.5mm; 195°
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus44 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Ric-111 - Gordian III AETERNITATI AVG44 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AETERNITATI AVG - Sol, the god of the sun, stands right, holding a globe

4th issue. A scarcer type and a nice coin! RIC-111(r) RSC 39
Antique Glass Bottle #0244 viewsAntique Glass Bottle #02
type: Bottle
size: height:107mm, widest diameter:26,5mm, smallest diameter:12mm,
weight: 21,42g,
date: A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Roman Glass Shard44 viewsDate: circa 2nd-3rd centuries AD
Size: 34 mm across

This dark black glass shard depicts a dog looking back while in full stride. The object above is unknown, but could be a ball.
2 commentsNoah
Gordian III Sestertius44 viewsÆ Sestertius

laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Mars advancing right, holding shield and spear. S C across field

243-244 AD



RIC IV 333; Hunter 149; Cohen 161.
Jay GT4
Gordianus III. denar44 viewsLAETITIA AVG N1 commentsTibsi
Gordianus III. antoninianus44 viewsCONCORDIA AVG
Antiochia mint
Gordianus III. antoninianus44 viewsCONCORDIA AVG
Antiochia mint
Gordianus III. antoninianus44 viewsMARS PROPVGtibsi67
Kings of Syria, Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos)44 views(108-97 BC). Antioch mint.
Obv.: Diademed head right.
Rev.: Zeus seated, holding Nike and sceptre; PEA left, monogram below throne.
Houghton 346; SNG Spaer 2554.
5 commentsMinos
H5-Mercury Dime.jpg
Mercury Dime44 viewsWinged Liberty Head or "Mercury" Dime, 1942

Minted 1916-1945, 2.5 gr., 17.9 mm, reeded edge, .900 silver, .100 copper, Designer: Adolph A. Weinman.

1942 dime, fine, 205,432,329 minted.

Reference: KM 140
Daniel Friedman
Hendin-500 / 1188 (01)44 viewsHerod I - prutah
1.70 grams
Hendin-648 / 1341 (01)44 viewsPontius Pilate - prutah (year 16 = 29AD)
1.93 grams
hadrian tripolis.jpg
Hadrian - Tripolis, Phoenicia44 views11.4 grams
obv: Bust right
rev: Busts right of the Dioscuri, jugate
Note: "The Disocuri were Castor and Polydeuces (or Pollux), the twin sons of Leda and Zeus and the brothers of Helen of Troy." - James Hunter
1 commentsJericho
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Caracalla, Jurukova 38944 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE 17, 3.18g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
winged Eros standing r., holding tablet (or roll?) in extended hands, bow and quiver
behind him.
Varbanov 3520; Jurokova 389; Moushmov 2618
rare, about VF

Eros seems to read love poetry from a tablet.
Antoninus Pius/Salus AE Dupondius44 viewsAntonio Protti
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AR denarius - struck 118 AD44 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG (laureate bust right, cuirassed, draped far shoulder)
rev: P M TR P COS II (Justice is seated on the curule chair, as on a tribunal: with the insignia of the hasta pura and the extended patera she displays her care for religion), IVSTITIA in ex.
ref: RIC II 42, RSC 877
mint: Rome
3.25gms, 19mm

Rare cuirassed bust, RIC not describes (c - not in RIC). Unfortunately the reverse is burned, but still valuable.
The reverse perhaps refer to the edictum perpetuum or Pretorian edict, what was an annual declaration made by the praetor urbanus in which he laid out the principles by which he would exercise his jurisdiction for his year in office. Under Hadrian, the edict became fixed and unchangeable.
And there's an other fact that can refer this reverse. When Hadrian arrived in Rome in July 118 to a hostile reception on the part of the senate, because of the death of the four consulars. The four men were Cornelius Palma, governor of Syria, Avidius Nigrinus, governor of Dacia, Publilius Celsus and Lusius Quietus, governor of Judaea, they were all Trajan's men, and their elimination certainly made Hadrian's course easier. But an Emperor had right everytime, and he was the justice.
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 118 AD44 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.DIVI.TRA.PARTH.F.DIVI NER.NEP.TRAIANO.HADRIANO.AVG (laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder)
rev: PONT.MAX.TR.POT.COS.II (legionary eagle between two standards), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 546b (S), C.1182 (5frcs)
mint: Rome
8.68gms, 28mm

History: Quintus Marcius Turbo (who was governor of Pannonia [117-118] and later became Hadrian's praetorian prefect) successfully led II Adiutrix against the Sarmatians in 118, this coin probably commemorated the succesfull campaign.
1 commentsberserker
02 - Hadrian Denarius 'Roma AD123'44 viewsHadrian
AR Denarius. 3.22 grams.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate head right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Roma seated on cuirass left, holding Victory and spear, shield behind.
1 commentsrexesq
Mesopotamia, Hatra, SNG Copenhagen 23244 viewsAE 23
struck beginn - mid of 2nd century AD
obv. HTR DSMS (= Hatra of Shamash, city name in Aramaic)
Bust of Shamash, draped, radiate, r.
rev. big turned down SC, above eagle with opened wings stg. frontal, head l., all in laurel-wreath.
SNG Copenhagen 232; Slocum series 1, Walker type A
about VF, thick dark green patina

Hatra was an independent kingdom between Parthia and the Roman Syria. This coin is said to have been struck after the unsuccessfull siege by Trajan AD 117. The eagle above the turned down SC then is the symbol of this victory and not an error of the die-cutter.
Sear 830 - Half Follis - 614-615 AD (Year 5) - Thessalonica mint44 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 614-615 AD (Year 5)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: ]RC[ - ]PVC
To left, Heraclius; to right, Heraclius Constantine; each standing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand. Between heads, cross.

Reverse: Large "K"; To left, /N/N/O; To right, .
Exergue: C

Thessalonica mint
DO 140; Sear 830; MIB 227
5.89g; 23.3mm; 330°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
henry viib.jpg
ENGLAND - HENRY VII44 viewsHenry VII Hammered Silver Sovereign Penny. 1485-1509 Bishop Sherwood of Durham (D-S by Shield)dpaul7
Israel, The Herodium - Water Cistern44 viewsLloyd
Cilicia, Hieropolis-Kastabala, SNG Levante 156444 viewsAE 21, 7g
struck 2nd-1st century BC
obv. Bust of City Goddess (Tyche), wearing mural crown, r.; monogram behind
rev. [I]EROPOLITW[N] (r. side, top down)
Artemis Perasia, in long garment and with kalathos, std. l. on throne with high back, holding short
sceptre in l. hand; beneath seat an eahle stg. l.
VF, dark-green patina with earthen highlights

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting Coins'.
1 commentsJochen
Honorius RIC X, Ravenna 134044 viewsHonorius 393 - 423
AV - Tremissis, 1.41g, 12mm
Ravenna AD 408 - 423 (after death of Arcadius)
draped, cuirassed bust, rosette-diademed head r.
Victory in military dress advancing r., holding cross-globe li. and wreath r.
field: R and V
exergue: COMOB
RIC X, Ravenna 1340; C.47
Rare; about VF (obv. with scratches, rev. with dagger's marks, bended)
added to

Die-links with Johannes RIC 1906 and Theodosius RIC 1339 and RIC 1802!
Sassanids, Hormizd II, Goebl 83 cf.44 viewsHormizd II, AD 302-309
AR - drachm, 27.2mm, 3.48g
obv. legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, from r. to l.): .ly. .KLM n.KLM [ydzmrhw'] ygb nsd
[y?]zm (= The Mazdah worshipper, the divine Hormizd, the king of kings of
Iran, who is descended from the gods)
Bust, bearded, r., wearing crown with eagle r., holding pearl in beak, above
korymbos (Goebl crown type I)
rev. Fire-altar, girlanded, decorated with three globuli, burning, in the flames bearded bust of Ahura Mazda, l.; at l. side Hormizd wearing eagle-crown and korymbos, stg. r., and at r. side bearded priest, wearing mural crown, both with harem pants(?) and holding sword with both hands, behind legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, clockwise from upper right to l.): [ydzmrhw'] 'LWN (= The Fire of Hormizd)
cf. Göbl 83; cf. Mitchener ACW 867; cf. Paruck 176 (all with only one globukus)
about VF, small die break on rev.
Thanks to T.K.Mallon from for the legends!

Korymbos (often called globe in error!) = typical hair-doe of the Sassanids kings, hair of head combined ball-shaped above, covered in silk-rag. The crown was specific for each king.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-2, Unger 673n, Réthy II 306A, dated 1520 44 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1520 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–A (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Alexius Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1517-1524 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Iceland44 viewsKm24 - 5 Aurar - 1981
Km18 - 5 Kronur - 1978
Km29.1 - 10 Kronur - 1984
Daniel F
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-046, #0344 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-046, #03
avers:- Crescents and dots in place of the legend; line of dots amongst for wedges between crescents; border of dots.
revers:- Lines and crescents in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2mm, weight: 0,17 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-046, CHN-1-081, Huszar-096, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0144 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #01
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,3 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis:10h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0244 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #02
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12 mm, weight: 0,34 g, axis:8h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
3 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0444 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #04
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,26 g, axis:1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #0244 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #02
avers:- Three lines with crosses at the ends and four crosses, two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with circles at the ends, dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,20 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-067, CHN-1-160, Huszar-180,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
005a Orbiana As dup44 viewsSALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM, S-C in ex, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & double cornucopiae. Cohen 5.
weight, 10.15g; die axis, 6h
Some copper is showing through the patina but the coin is of very good style
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.44 viewsAR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.4g
obv: Laureate head Zeus right
rev: Achaian league monogram. Monograms and letters across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.

BMC 42; McClean 6409-10; SNG Cop 252; Leake 3643-5; Clerk 77/15 & 78/16; BCD 508.6.

3 commentsDino
Caesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm 44 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm
Obv:bust in plait tiad up at back of head
REV:Roma nikophora seated to left on throne
187. Valentinian I (364-375 A.D.) 44 viewsAv.: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
Ex.: palm branch gamma SISC

AE Follis Ø19 / 2.4g
RIC IX 5a Siscia , type III
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca - The Cartailhac Circle44 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.

In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.

To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
44 viewsRugser
India Republic.jpg
India Republic44 viewsKm8 - 1 Naya Paisa - 1960-B
Km16 - 5 Naye Paise - 1958
Km24.2 - 10 Naye Paise - 1961
Daniel F
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) The Land Wall44 viewsThe Land Wall of Theodosius stretches for 6.5 km from the Golden Horn to the Sea of Marmara. The first phase (a single wall with towers) was complete by 413; after a major earthquake in 447 the Wall was rebuilt and strengthened (a second outer screen and a moat were added), just in time to discourage Attila the Hun from attacking the city. The fortifications included 96 guard towers, each 18-20 m in height and spaced roughly 55 m apart. The Land Wall remained a formidable defensive barrier until the advent of artillery in the 15th century. Even in ruins, and with vegetables growing in the moat, it's still an impressive sight today. Abu Galyon
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #0244 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #02
avers:- Cross between A - O, double arch above, wedge within crescent on top; border of dots.
revers:- Line dividing S; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-084, CHN-1-137, Huszar-127, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Temple of Venus and figure of Venus44 viewsThe temple of Venus

Venus is the patron goddess of Pompeii and her sanctuary, from where one can enjoy a view of the Gulf of Naples, dominates the plain below. The earthquake of 62 A.D. destroyed the edifice and its reconstruction was still in process when the eruption occurred. The area was surrounded by arcades. Still existing in the middle of the temple is its podium (29,15 x 15,5 m.).
John Schou
Italy. Vittorio Emanuele III 1900 - 1946. Bronze 10-Centesimi 1921.44 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele III 1900 - 1946. Bronze 10-Centesimi 1921. VITTORIO EMANUELE III RE D'ITALIA, head left / Honey bee, value and date.

KM 60
061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #144 views061 Iulia Maesa ( ?-223 A.D.), RIC IV-II 261, Rome, AR-Denarius, LAETITIA PVBL, Pudicitia seated left, #1
avers:-IVLIA-MAESA-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:- LAETITIA-PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and rudder on a globe in left hand behind.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 218-222 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-261 (Elagab), p-, ,
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG44 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
J12a-Pilate H-648.jpg
Pontius Pilate, 26 - 36 CE, ̠ Prutah44 viewsBronze prutah of Pontius Pilate, procurator under Tiberias, (26 Р36 CE), 15 mm, struck 29 CE.

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley, the outer two ears droop, surrounded by inscription “IOYΔIA KAICAPOC” (Of Julia Caesar).
Reverse: Libation ladle (simpulum), surrounded by inscription “TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC” (Of Tiberias Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) = 29 CE.

Reference: Hendin 648, AJC II supplement V, 21, TJC 338, SNG ANS 367-372, SGIC 5622.

Added to collection: January 28, 2007
Daniel Friedman
Domitian Æ As, (81-96 CE), "Judaea Capta"44 viewsBronze As of Domitian (81-96 CE), 22.9 mm, 11.02 grams, commemorating the Flavian victory in Judaea.

Obverse: IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS around, Laureate bust Domitian left.
Reverse: Minerva stands to left, holding shield to right, erecting a field trophy of arms in front of her.

Reference: Hendin 749, Brom.-I 281, TJC-392, AJC-II-7, RPC 2305

Added to collection: May 23, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Roman, Julia Maesa44 viewsRIC 263 (3,1 gm, 20 mm).
Mint of Rome, 220 AD.
Wide & sharp specimen -
rare for this queen!
1 commentsneander
Roman Empire, JOVIAN AE2/3 RIC 118b, Vota44 viewsOBV: DN IOVIA-NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right
REV: VOT V MVLT X in four lines across field within wreath; BSIRM
3.0g, 20mm

Minted at Sirmium, 363-4 AD
Kingdom of Mauretania - Juba II, AR denarius, c. 16-17 AD44 viewsJuba II
Kingdom of Mauretania
AR denarius, c. 16-17 AD
Diademed head r.
Cornucopia and scepter, crescent above
MAA 94; SNG Copenhagen 593
2 commentsArdatirion
Titus, Judea Capta44 viewsObverse- Head of Titus right.
Reverse- Nike standing right, resting foot on helmet and inscribing shield hanging from palm tree.
21mm, 7.9gr
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria44 viewsGVSTA IVLIA[pellet]AV
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing right with wreath and palm
Cohen IV 269, SNG Cop 332
Josifovski 202, same dies (V54, R58)
Kuzmanovic Collection 408
The obverse legend begins at the upper right, thus producing these odd legend breaks. Use of pellets is very unusual at Stobi.
Julian II AE1 Bull CYZ44 views24.1x24.3mm
Bust of Julian right, bearded and diademed.
Bull standing on line right, two stars above
ex: CYZgamma, Cyzicus mint, 3rd officina
Cyzicus mint.
Unusually small for a bull, very circular planchet. Nice green patina.
1 commentsgparch
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36344 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
Julia Soaemias denar44 viewsmother of Elagabalus
Julia Titi. AE-20. Troas, Assos. Griffin44 viewsTroas, Assos. Julia Titi, the daughter of Titus. Augusta, AD 79 - 91. Æ 20. 5.79 g. Draped bust rt. / Griffin reclining lt. RPC II 899; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. Very rare, only one specimen cited in RPC.1 commentsFausta
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I44 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I (AD 527-565 ) AE 16 Nummi. Thessalonica mint. Obv: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG – Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: A in left field, I in center, SP to right; above: [Theta] EW . Exurge: TES = Thessalonica mint: Sear. Byzantine coins and their values., 186B, 5.44 g. dpaul7
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-030, #0444 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-030, #04
avers:- X-CALMAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
revers:- + LADISLAVS-RE (X/+), Cross in circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,31 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-030, CHN-1-034, Huszar-094,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #0244 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #02
avers:- + CALMAN-RE (X/+), Crowned head facing; border of dots.
revers:- + LADISLAVS-RE (X/+) (or illegible legend) , cross in circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-033, CHN-1-040, Huszar-032,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #0144 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, cross between two lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX, Illegible legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0 mm, weight: 0,50 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-034-b, CHN-1-049, Huszar-041,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
Repro Atique Knight Helmet44 viewsDate: mid/late 19th century emulating 16th century style
Weight: 4 lbs.
Material: 18 gauge steel 1 mm thick

It is believed to have originally come from Europe to the United States in the early 1900’s. It has nice intricate etchings all over it. This full-size helmet’s edges have been rolled by hand.
trachy44 viewsJohn Comnenus Ducas, Emperor of Thessalonica. Obverse: Emperor holding scepter cruciger and globus cruciger. Reverse: St Demetrius enthroned, holding a sword across his legs. References are Sear 2206 and Dumbarton Oaks Vol IV, pl 21. Alexios
0621 Focas, 602-61044 viewsAV solidus, 21.1mm, 4.4g, Nice VF
Struck at Constantinople 609-610
dNN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger. CON OB in exg, N inner right field.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 621; DO 11c.3
Lawrence Woolslayer
0666 Focas 602-61044 viewsBronze three-quarter follis (30 nummi), 26.3mm, 10.1g, EF
Struck at Cyzikus, 609-610
[d N FOCAS] PERP AVG, bust facing wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet / large XXX, cross above, stigma II (year 8) right, KYZ A in exg. Very rare type, some flatness in the striking.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Harlan Berk
Sear 666v; DO 77, note (Longuet collection); MIB 77 (citing two specimens -- Birmingham and Longuet collection)
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Mylasa 300-280 BC44 viewsSilver drachm, 18.9mm, 4.13g, aVF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress / [AΛ]EΞANΔPO[Y] Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, legs crossed. Artemis Kindyas figure in left field, Σ below throne. Rare.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Price 2493A
Lawrence Woolslayer
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas44 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
Byzantine Lead Seal: Anonymous Iconographic Seal (ca. 10-12th Century)44 viewsObv: Bust of St. John Prodromos with cross nimbus
Rev: In a wreath, a cross with curved arms and serifs
2 commentsSpongeBob
Julia Domna AR Denarius44 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Denarius 3.10g / 19mm / -
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, veiled & right hand on her breast; holding scepter
Mint:(211-217 AD)
References: RIC IV / 2; 385c; Cohen 172; RCV 7105
Scotvs Capitis
Licinius I RIC VII 1744 viewsObv:IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG
laureate head right
Jupiter standing left, chamlys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle with wreath to left. G to right
•SIS• in ex.
22mm 3.1gm
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!44 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 017, -/A//•SIS•, AE-1 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing left, R2 !!
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG, (2, B1), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre, eagle with wreath to left.
exergo: -/A//•SIS•, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 1st. off., date: 315-316 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-017, p-424, R2 !!
Licinius I AE3 318-320 AD44 viewsLicinius I AE3.
laureate, draped bust left holding eagle-tipped sceptre & mappa
campgate, 3 turrets, 6 layers, no star above, no doors; Right field: dot
Mintmark: SMHA
Ref.: RIC VII Heraclea 29
Rarity: R2
lincinius II iovi smant com.JPG
Licinius II RIC VII Antioch 29 14th officina 44 viewsAE 20 mm 2.7 g 317-320 AD
OBV :: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C . Laureate and draped bust left holding mappe in right , and scepter in left hands
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI CAESS. Jupiter standing left holding victory on globe. Captive at feet in left field, Delta I in right field
EX :: SMANT ( Antioch
RIC VII Antioch 29
RIC rated R3
from uncleaned lot 10/07

Officina 14 of 14 listed in RIC VII

The picture has been modified as far as tint and colour goes as it would not co-operate after the wax was applied. This coin is very attractive in hand.

There is also a single dot above the Delta I in the right field, possibly a new variety, but probably just a die error as discussed in the attribution help forum
Duchy of Livonia - Jan Hadkevich44 viewsDuchy of Livonia (1561 - 1621 A.D.) Governor Jan Hadkevich (1566-1578) AR Schilling, 1572. DVCATVS LIVONIE, Griffin advances left with sword / *MONE + NOVA . ARGENTE around; *I* / SCHIL / LING / .72. Reference: Fedorov 628.dpaul7
CHINA - SAN FAN REBELLION - Wu Sangui44 viewsCHINA - SAN FAN REBELLION - Wu Sangui as Li Yong. (1674-1678). Obv.: LI YONG TONG BAO. Closed head 2-dot TONG. Rev.: LI (li of silver) right. Hartill #21.87.dpaul7
Lucilla ( 164 - 182 A.D.)44 viewsAR Denarius
O: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right.
R: PVDICITIA, Pudicitia veiled standing left.
RIC 780

Ex Tom Vossen
5 commentsMat
lverus dup-.jpg
161-169 AD - LUCIUS VERUS AE dupondius - struck 166 AD44 viewsobv: L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX (radiate head right)
rev: TR P VI IMP IIII COS II / S.C. (Victory standing left, head right, holding palm & setting shield inscribed VIC PAR on palm tree to right)
ref: RIC III 1458 (M.Aurelius), Cohen 208, BMC 1315
13.11g, 25mm
Lydia, Akrasos, Athena / lion, AE1444 viewsAE14, 1.30g
obv: helmeted bust of Athena, wearing aegis, right
rev: AKPACIΩTΩN lion right

SNG Leypold -
1 commentsareich
Tripolis, Herakles/ Nike44 viewsLydia, Tripolis, 3rd century A.D. 3,0 g, 15 mm. Obv. Head of Herakles left, Rev. TRIPOL-EITWN; Nike right. SNG von Aulock, Lydien 3313Podiceps
(0161) LUCIUS VERUS44 views161 - 169 AD
AE 22.5 mm 3.84 g
O: IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate head right
R: PROFECTIO AVG TR P III [COS II], Lucius Verus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear in right
Rome RIC III 1356; rare
M Aurelius sestertius Felicitas.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Sestertius44 viewsRIC 1227
Rev: FELICITAS AVG IMP VIIII COS III P P, Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and sceptre.
E Pinniger
Antique, AE-Mace head , #0144 viewsAntique, AE-Mace head, #01
type: Mace head ???
size: 23x27x14,5mm,
weight: 25,66g,
date: Roman Age ??? or medieval ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Maiorina Arcadio RIC IX Heraclea 12 A.jpg
A147-15 - Arcadio (383 - 408 D.C.)44 viewsAE2 Maiorina 23 x 22 mm 5.1 gr.
Hijo mayor de Teodosio I y Aelia Flaccila, Co-augusto de su padre y su sucesor al mando de las provincias orientales.

Anv: "DN ARCADI - VS PF AVG " - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, portando lanza y escudo, viendo a derecha. Sobre su cabeza una mano sostiene una corona de laureles.
Rev: "GLORIA RO - MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando labarum (estandarte militar con signo Chi-Ro en su bandera) en mano derecha y descansando la izquierda en su escudo. A su izquierda un prisionero sentado a izquierda viendo a derecha. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuñada 383 - 387 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.X (Heraclea) #12 Pag.195 - DVM #24 Pag.325 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9313.c. Pag.295 - Sabatier #29
C. Poblicius Malleolus, Crawford 282/344 viewsC. Poblicius Malleolus, gens Poblicia
AR - denarius serratus, 19.5mm, 3.8g
Narbo 118 BC (Crawford)
obv. C.MA - L - L - E.C.F
Head of Roma, with decorated and winged helmet, r.
X behind
rev. Nude Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), driving biga r., hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx.
below L.LIC.CN.DOM.
Crawford 282/3; Sydenham 524; RCV 158; Poblicia 1
about VF

Lucius Licinius Crassus, & Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
The reverse commemorates the victory of L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and their ally Bituitus, king of the Averni. It is one of the very few issues of the Roman Republic struck outside of Rome, this issue was struck in the newly founded city of Narbo in Gaul. These coins, minted by a number of moneyers at this time (and bearing their names) were important in establishing the republican chronology.
1603 Felipe III, Segovia / Felipe IV44 views1603 AD, Felipe III, Segovia Mint, 2 Maravedis.Molinari
M Marcius Mn f Denarius, 134 BC44 viewsHelmetted head of Roma right, modius behind, XVI in monogram below chin
Victory with whip in biga right
M MARC below, divided by two grain ears
ex. ROMA
The obverse symbol and reverse of this coin refers to the moneyer's father, Mn. Marcius, who as aedile, c. 154 BC, was the first to distribute wheat to the people at one As per modius.

Marcia 8, Cr 245/1, Syd 500
1 commentswhitetd49
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,44 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-III, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,89g, axes: 9h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/15, Sydneham-1217, RSC-28,
M. ANTONIUS Legionary Denarius, RSC 2744 viewsOBV: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REV: LEG XI, eagle between standards
3.1g, 16mm

Minted at Patrae, 32-31 BC
3 commentsLegatus
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 15.51g, 27.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
Confronted head of Caracalla, bearded, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Domna, draped, l.
Apollo (or Bonus Eventus), nude, stg. facing, head l., holding branch in l. hand and patera in r. hand over flaming altar
in upper left field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/I, 664
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1002 (citing AMNG 664)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) (plate coin)
about VF, brown patina (stripped!), light roughness
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 12.24g, 26.31mm, 195°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
Confronting heads of Macrinus, laureate, r., and Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
City-goddess (Tyche), in long garment, wearing mural crown, stg. l., head r., holding cornucopiae in r. arm and resting with l. hand on rudder stg. on globe
E in r. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 759 (1 ex., Vienna)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
very rare, VF/about VF, nice green patina

Pick writes: "This type of Tyche, with cornucopiae and sceptre, could be copied from the type of Tomi (pl. VII, 20ff.); but it is possible too that the left hand is resting on a rudder (similar to n.776, pl.XIX, 9), so that we have here a depiction of Tyche but an unusual one."
On this coin the rudder is clearly visible, so Pick is right with his second suggestion!
1 commentsJochen
Large Follis of Maximianus Herculius44 viewsRIC VI 55b (or similar) Ticinium Mint 305 AD
r: FIDES MILITUM / Fides seated left w/ two standards
ex. TT with dot in right
2 commentsdaverino
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus44 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG (radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right)
rev: PAX AVGG (Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield), star on left field, A in ex.
ref: RIC Vii 404v, Cohen 427 (3frcs)
mint: Lugdunum, struck AD 292-293
3.61 gms, 22 mm
1 commentsberserker
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #144 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,86g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,
44 viewsMaximinus I AE Dupondius,Maximinus I AE Dupondius. MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / SALVS AVGVSTI S-C, Salus seated left, feeding out of patera a snake rising from altar. RIC 86, Cohen 94, BMC 178 sold :o(

3 commentsAntonivs Protti
Maximian AE Antoninianus, Siscia Mint 291 AD44 viewsObv: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate head rt.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGG, Maximian facing left, holding sceptre receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian, facing rt, B between; XXI in exergue (Wildwinds) RIC v.2 586 Rated Rare
Added to the Wildwinds database
A pre-reform radiate.

Issued between the time that Maximian was made co-Augustus of the Western Empire (286 AD) and the time that the Tetrarchy was formally set up by Diocletian appointing Galerius and Constantius Chlorus as Caesars of East and West in 293 AD.
Menander I Soter AE Square Chalkous44 viewsAttribution: Mitchiner 134, Type 239; of Pushkalavati, chief workshop; Bactria
Date: 155-130 BC
Obverse: Elephant head with trunk raised and bell suspended from neck
Reverse: Karosthi inscription (Maharajasa Tratasara Menandrasa) around club of Herakles, monogram to l., “A” to r.
Size: 14 mm
Weight: 2.93 grams
Middlesex 83744 viewsObv: NOTED ADVOCATES FOR THE RIGHTS OF MEN 1796, three men hanging on a gibbet.


Edge: Plain

Thomas Spence, Halfpenny Conder token

Dalton & Hamer: Middlesex 837
SPQR Coins
Claudius Minerva 44 viewsT CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

Rev. Minerva advancing with spear and shield SC

Rome 42 AD

Sear 1862

Ex-Arcade Coins

Titus Pullo
Bohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)44 viewsBohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)

Castelin __, Fiala/Donebauer 947, cf. Saurma 407/182

AR pragergroschen, 32 mm., Kutná Hora mint.

Obv: + DEI x/x GRATIA + REX x/x BOEmIE / + WLADISLAUS SECVnDVS, crown in center.

Rev: + * GROSSI * PRAGENSIS, crown double-tailed lion facing left.

The groschen of Prague (pragergroschen) were first minted in July 1300 during the reign of Wenceslas II (1278-1305), following the discovery of exceptionally rich silver deposits at Kutná Hora in 1298. It was struck, with the design essentials unchanged for roughly 250 years. The pragergroschen played the same role in central Europe that was played by the denier tournois further west. Its preeminence in Germany postponed the appearance of native groschen over much of the region for over 150 years.

The coinage was debased under Wencelsas IV (1378-1419), and none were minted during the reigns of Sigismund (1420-37), Albert (1437-39) and Ladislas Postumus (1453-57). When minting was revived toward the end of the reign of George Podĕbrad (1458-71), they were struck to a much lower standard, having a fineness of only 10 lot (625/1000) and a silver content of 1.69 gr., which was barely half that of the original pragergoschen of Wenceslas II. It was then reckoned 24 instead of 12 to the ducat, and fell further when it was debased (to a weight of around 1.25 gr.) toward the end of the reign of Wladislaus II.
moneta 226 small.jpg
Constantinian Era Barbarous44 viewsJericho
moneta 295.jpg
Gordian III, Rome44 viewsAntoninianus
obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: P M TR P V COS II P P. Gordian, dressed in military dress, standing right, holding spear and globe.
Struck 242-243 A.D. at Rome
1 commentsJericho
moneta 300.jpg
Caracalla, Rome - RIC IV (Part 1) 15044 viewsCaracalla Denarius
obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate and draped bust right
rev: VOTA SVSCEPTA X. Caracalla veiled, standing left, holding patera over tripod altar sacrificing.
Struck 206 A.D. at Rome
RIC IV, Part 1, 150 (scarce)
1 commentsJericho
moneta 323.jpg
Constantius II, Constantinople - RIC VIII 8444 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diad., dr. & cuir. bust left, holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Constantius II standing left, holding standard with chi-ro in right hand, shield in left, two captives standing at his feet.
exergue: CONSA (or last letter H?)
Struck 326-361 A.D. at Constantinople
Van Meter 87
moneta 504.jpg
Crispus, Siscia - RIC VII 18144 viewsCrispus AE3
obv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C. Laureate head right.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT X. VOT X enclosed in laurel wreath.
exergue: ASIS sun
Struck 321-324 A.D. at Siscia
RIC VII 181 (scarce)
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica44 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
moneta 669.jpg
Maximian, Tripolis - RIC V 626 variant44 viewsobv: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Radiate and cuirassed bust right
rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG. Emperor, holding parazonium in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter holding sceptre
center field: TR
exergue: XXI
Struck 285-310 A.D. at Tripolis
RIC V 626 variant (mintmark variety not listed in RIC)
moneta 678.jpg
Galerius, Cyzicus - RIC VI 19b44 viewsGalerius Post-Reform Radiate
obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Prince standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, leaning on scepter.
center field: KA
Struck 295-299 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VI 19b
moneta 734.jpg
Constantius II, Cyzicus44 viewsAe3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back, wearing cap, unbearded.
ex: SMK gamma
Struck in Cyzicus

Myrina AR Tetradrachm44 viewsMyrina -- AR tetradrachm Laureate head of Apollo right / Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch and phiale; omphalos and amphora at feet, monogram to left. Sacks Issue 46, 98f/2 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen -. From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Coin Galleries (23 March 1971), lot 46.featherz
Mysia AE15 Athena Owl smaller.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon AE1544 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Owl on palm branch, wings spread
Struck 2nd-1st Century BC
SG 3963
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Nezak Kings of Kabul: Napki Malka (630-711) AR Drachm44 viewsNezak Kings of Kabul: Napki Malka (630-711) AR Drachm (MACW-1510)

Obv: Bust of "Napki" type with winged headress surmounted by a Bull's head. Control marks behind head. Pehlvi legend - "NAPKI MaLKa"
Rev: Normal fire altar and attendants design. Control marks behind each attendant·
1 commentsSpongeBob
Nero, RIC 388, Sestertius of AD 65 (Nero Addressing Soldiers)44 viewsÆ sestertius (31.35g, Ø37mm, 6h), Lugdunum mint, struck AD 65.
Obv.: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER PM TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero facing left with globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: ADLOCVT COH (in ex.), S C (across field), Nero, standing left on low platform, praetorian prefect behind, Nero raising his right hand, addressing three soldiers, the first two holding standards; in the background, a pillared building (the praetorian camp).
RIC 388; BMCRE 303 var. (head right); BN 67 var. (same); WCN 411; Cohen 2 (30 Fr.) var. (same); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values I) 1951 var.
ex Triton IV lot 475 (dec. 2000)
1 commentsCharles S
Nero, RIC 189var., Dupondius of AD 64 (scan)44 viewsÆ dupondius (13.4g, Ø 28mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 64.
Rev.: MACELLUS (sic) AVGVSTI left and right border/ S C below, left end right of the steps / II in exergue, Frontal view of the Macellum Magnum.
RIC 189var [R2], C. 130var, Sear RCV II 1963var; Foss (Roman Historic Coins) 12b

The Macellum Magnum was Rome's Great Provision Market located on the Caelium Hill. It was completed in AD 59. Part of it was later transformed to church S.Stefano Rotundo by Pope Simplicius.

This is a very rare full legend instead of the usual abbreviation "MAC AVG". "MACELLVS" is a valid alterantive for "MACELLVM". This type (with normal abbreviated legend) is listed as extremely rare (R2) in RIC. A coin with the same reverse die - but much better condition - was auctioned by Numismatica Ars Classica, 2 April 2008, Auction 45, Lot number: 91
1 commentsCharles S
Bithynia, Nikomedeia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 253 var.44 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 20, 3.17g, 19.94mm, 225°
Bust, draped, r.
Female ichthyokentaur, diademed, nude, with forefeet of horse and fishtail, ring l. on waves, holding auloi in l. arm and dolphin (?)
in extended r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253 var. (has only CEBA)
extremely rare, good F, nearly black patina (not green!)

For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest' (under Skylla in error)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsCaracalla as Caesar, AD 196-198
AE 15, 2.66g, 15.28mm, 225°
obv. M AV KAI - ANTWNIN[..] (letters upside-down!)
bust, draped, bare-headed, r.
Basket with handle, filled with fruits, on each side hanging a grape
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1511 (1 ex., Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2947 var. (cites AMNG 1511 but has AV KM AVRHLI)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, F+/VF

The same rev. is known from a type of Septimius Severus, AMNG 1430. Interesting obv. legend!
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)44 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 11.5g, 25.68mm, 180°
struck under GOVERNOR Novius Rufus
laureate head r.
in l. and r. field TR - ON (in big letters)
Asklepios, stg. frontal, head en face, wearing himation, in l. arm holding
clothes, r. hand resting on snake entwined staff, leaning at his hip.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1939 var. (has VP)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3979 (writes VP, but looks like VPA)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, F+/about VF, beautiful portait, unusual rev. depiction

AMNG 1939 has rev. legend VP NOBIOV ROVFOV. The legend VPA.NOB.ROVFOV is known but not for this type!
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)44 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 12.61g, 27.15mm, 0°
struck under governor Novius Rufus
laureate head r.
rev. VP / NOBIOV / ROVFOV / NIKOPOLI / TWN PROC / ICTRW (legend in 6 lines)
in laurel wreath, between its upper ends a globe
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2007 (1 ex., Paris, under Caracalla!)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3940 corr. (cites AMNG 2007 but has a different legend and a different bust!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
Scarce, about EF, nice dark green patina
3 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 13.14g, 27.36mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. VP - AG - RI - PPA (PP ligate)
Emperor with raised r. hand, standing in quadriga r., led by soldier, head l.,
carrying standard with banner on l. shoulder; above tropaeum with two
captives, sitting on the ground at each side. Like #1712, but in the quadriga behind the emperor Nike is standing.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1713 (2 ex., Mandl, Philippopolis)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3407 corr. (Nike described as Diadumenian!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No.
rare, about VF, nice green patina

It seems to be the depiction of a local event. We know tat Severus after his campaign against the Parthians AD 202 or 203 visited the camps in Moesia and Pannonia. At this occasion he could have visited Nikopolis too and the coin could be struck to celebrate his advent...Under Macrinus this depiction returns; there was no celebration of an advent for him, but perhaps there was another unknown reason (Pick)
2 commentsJochen
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,44 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers:- IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VIRTVS-A-VG-G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. off, date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 467var (F), p-202, (RIC described this coin in Antioch, and not in F bust!).
Nummus Magno Maximo RIC IX Aquileia 55a P.jpg
A144-02 - Magno Máximo (383 - 388 D.C.)44 viewsAE4 Nummus 11 x 12 mm 1.1 gr.

Anv: "DN MAG MA - XIMVS PF AVG " - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SPES RO] - MA - NORVM " - Puerta de campamento, sin puertas ni ventanas, dos torres, " * " arriba, cuatro capas de piedras. "SMAQP" en exergo.

Acuñada 387 - 388 D.C.
Ceca: Aquileia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Aquileia) #55a Pag.105 - Cohen Vol.VIII #7 Pag.167 - DVM #16 Pag.314 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9264.d. Pag.291 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4206
Moesia inferior, Odessos, Gordian III, AMNG 233744 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 27, 11.31g
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, l., and
the Great God of Odessos, wearing Kalathos and with Cornucopiae over l. shoulder,
draped, r.
rev. OD - HCC - EITWN
Demeter, veiled, Peplos over long Chiton, standing l., holding poppy and corn-ear in
extended r. hand and leaning with l. hand on torch (or sceptre?).
E in r. field (for Pentassarion)
AMNG I/2, 2337; Moushmov 1659
VF, olive-green patina
(thanks Steve Minnoch for attribution)
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0144 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Otacilia Severa 246-248 AD.44 viewsOtacilia Severa, AR Antoninianus.
Obverse- M . OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in straight lines and rows with long plait carried up the back of head.
Reverse- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopiae in left.
Rome mint, RIC IV, Part III, 125c, Ex Vel Garnett Collection.
22mm x 24mm, 4.76g

Note: The "pellet” in the obverse legend appears to be more of a spacer for the engraver versus an actual device meant to be struck up on the coins themselves as this piece seems to have been struck from very fresh dies. Most likely the “pellet” is not as evident on later strikes from this die and would instead appear more like an intentional space.
1 commentsb70
Trebonianus gallus Ros-178 AE2444 viewsObv:bust r,laur wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev:two eagles addorsed flanking vexillum,wreaths in the eagle's beak
Panama44 viewsKm7.1 - 2.5 Centesimos - 1907
Km23.2 - 5 Centesimos - 1975
Km10a - 1/10 Balboa - 1970
Km127 - 1/10 Balboa - 1996
Daniel F
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC44 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
44 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.35 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
Peru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero - NGC MS 6744 viewsPeru 1912 FG 1/2 Dinero

*note the prooflike fields.
Philadelphia AE2444 viewsPhiladelphia AE24, imperial times.
Obv: ΔHMOC, draped bust of young Demos right, hair long and bound with taenia.
Rev: ΦΛ ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN NEΩKOPΩN, lion walking right.
Ø 24 mm, 7.08 g
BMC 43
3 commentsPscipio
philipIII AR drachm.jpg
greek - AR Drachm - Philip III, 323-317 BC (prototype of celtic coins)44 viewsobv: (head of Herakles right wearing lions skin)
rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ ΓΑ monogram below (Zeus enthroned left holding eagle and sceptre)
ref: SG 6751

ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I44 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
BCC rgp15 (BCC 16)44 viewsRoman Provincial
Philip II 247-249CE
AVG laur. draped bust rt.
Wreath encl. image of Mt. Ger-
azim, colonade, and stairs to
temple. Eagle below, hd. lt.
AE29mm. 17.9g. Axis :180
Harl's obv. die A19 (with M)
rev.die P7? die break.
1 commentsv-drome
44 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED44 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
TETRICUS II A.D. 271-274 Barbarous Radiate44 viewsReverse figure holding flower and scepter.1 commentsjessvc1
PIETAS AVGG 6 elements44 viewsobv: MANT GORDIANVS CAES draped bust of gordian right seen from behind

Rev: PIETAS AVG G 6 elements (lituus, knife, patera, pitcher, ladle, & sprinkler)

RIC 1v
C 182

R3, 7 specimens known from 3 reverse dies
3 commentsleseullunique
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0344 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Antoninus Pius denarius44 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVII
Laureate bust right of

Vesta sacrifices left over altar, holding palladium

Rome 153/4 AD


RIC 238; Cohen 201

Amazing dark "as found" patina


4 commentsJay GT4
M. Plaetorius Cestianus, Crawford 409/144 viewsRoman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, gens Plaetoria
AR - denarius, 18.52mm, 3.86g
Rome, 67 BC
obv. Bust of a winged goddess, r., wearing crested helmet, lotus-blossom and grain-ears on forehead, bow and quiver over r. shoulder, cornucopiae under chin
behind CESTIANVS, before S.C
rev. in ex. M PLAE, then TORIVS F AED CVR
Eagle with spread wings stg. r. on thunderbolt, head turned l.
Crawford 409/1, Sydenham 809; BMCRR 3596; Plaetoria 4
VF, toned
ex. M&M AG Auktion 38, Basel 6./7.12.1968, coll. August Voirol, Lot 181
Plaetorius Cestianus was a friend of Cicero.

The goddess on the obv. often is called Vacuna in error. But actually she is an unknown goddess with the attributes of Isis, Ceres, Minerva, Diana and Victoria.
For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
Sabina, AE 2244 viewsCABEINA CEBACTH
Bust draped, right.
Demeter standing left, holding corn stalks and torch.
Varbanov (Eng.) III, 94
Schonert 381
Pompeii Wall painting 44 viewsAnother wall painting in PompeiiTitus Pullo
Postumus antoninianus44 viewsMONETA AVGTibsi
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,44 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-PVBLIC, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/*//TXXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th. emission, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-499, p-71,
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !44 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 168, Rome, AETERNITAS AVG, Bust-F, -/-//RIZ, Sol standing, looking left, Scarce !
avers:- PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- AETERN-ITAS-AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: -/-//RIZ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 7th emission of Rome, 282, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-168, p-36, C-, Scarce !
276-282 AD - Probus - RIC V 430 - Mars Reverse44 viewsEmperor: Probus (r. 276-282 AD)
Date: 276-282 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Denomination: Antoninianus

Virtuous Emperor Probus
Bust left; radiate, helmeted and cuirassed, holding spear and shield

Reverse: VIRT-V-S AVG
The Emperor is militarily virtuous.
Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
Exergue: PXXT (Ticinum mint, first officina)

RIC V Probus 430
3.71g; 24.1mm; 30°
1 commentsPep
44 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage; Silver drachm, Ashton Pseudo-Rhodian Mainland pp. 29 - 30, Larissa Hoard p. 241 (N. Greece), SNG Keckman 793 - 795 (Thessaly), SNG Cop suppl. 358 (Peraea Rodia), EF, rose toning on luster, uncertain Thessaly mint, weight 2.675g, maximum diameter 16.8mm, die axis 180o, magistrate Hermias, c. 171 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ERMIAS (magistrate), rose, with bud right, I - W flanking stem

Ex: Forum (coin and picture)
6 commentspaul1888
Punic44 viewsTanit
Barbarous, Constantine 44 viewsrev. Two helmeted soldiers standing facing one another, with spears and shields & standard between1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Q. Titius – Titia-144 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC. Q. Titius AR denarius (17mm, 3.72g). Rome mint. Head of Mutinus Titinus (or Priapus) right, bound with winged diadem / Q TITI. Pegasus rearing right on inscribed tablet. Crawford 341/1; Syd 691; Titia 1; RCV 238. Ex Baumheckel.2 commentsBud Stewart
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan / Felicitas AR Denarius44 viewsObv:
Laureate bust r., slight drapery on l. shoulder
Felicitas stg. l., altar at feet, holding cauduceus and cornucopiae

Rome mint 103-111 A.D.
20mm 3.3g 180deg
RIC II 172

My first online coin purchase, 2001-ish
2 commentsTRPOT
Roman Republic, L. Procilius, L.f., 80 B.C.44 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 306, Sydenham 771, Crawford 379/1, RSC I Procilia 1, VF, Italian mint, weight 3.781g, maximum diameter 17.6mm, die axis 90o, 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake before her, L.PROCILI.F behind

This coin has been stolen en route from Forum to me in the UK if canyone sees it could they let Joe know. Thanks

Ex Forum

Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium. Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed
3 commentsPhiloromaos
Chihli44 viewsBoo-Ji
Chihli Mint
Daniel F
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