FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
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Faustina Senior, Ceres75 viewsFaustina I, Ar Denarius

bust r., draped, hair waved and coiled on top of head
Ceres, veiled, standing l., holding corn-ears and torch

RIC 71, 360. Cohen 78.
Prov. Maridvnvm
2 commentsarizonarobin
Sear 1239 - Follis - 679-680 AD (Year 26) - Ravenna mint75 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 679-680 AD (Year 26)
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: DNCOTINVSPP (or similar)
Bust 3/4 facing, with short beard, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and diadem, the ties of which are visible to the left. In right hand, spear held behind head; on left shoulder, shield.

Reverse: Large "M"; To left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius standing, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger; Above, NNO over XXVI; Beneath, .
Exergue: RAV

Ravenna mint
DO 89; Sear 1239; MIB 117
2.40g; 22.3mm; 165°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Const1 61.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 55, Siscia75 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Bust: Helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder.
2 Victories facing each other holding shield over altar with VOT PR in two lines within.
Date: 316-337 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "R3"
3 commentsBluefish
Constans, RIC VIII, Cyzicus 7275 viewsConstans AD 337-335, son of Constantine I
AE - Bronze centenionalis, 4.09g, 21.7mm
Cyzicus 2nd officina, AD 348-350
pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust l., holding globe in r. hand
Soldier right leading barbarian from hut under tree
ex. SMKB
RIC VIII, Cyzikus 72
Choice EF, nice patina!; ex J. Aiello coll.
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

I couldn't resist the impressive portrait!
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 199, -/-//SMTSB, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!75 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 199, -/-//SMTSB, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C-7-B5, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLORI-A-EXER-CITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exe: -/-//SMTSB, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 335-336 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-199-p-526, R1!
Barbaric Constans75 viewsObv:CONSTANS AVG
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left
Rev: gloria exercitvs type
two soldiers holding spears & shields,
one standard between them; o on banner
12mm 1.1 gm
Commemorative RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 2175 viewsConstantine I AD 307 - 337
AE - AE 4, 1.16g, 13.7mm
Constantinopolis 4th officina AD 330
draped, laureate head of a young Roman l., cornucopiae over r. shoulder
rev. (no legend)
Bridge with two towers over river, pylons below
CONS/Epsilon above
RIC VIII, Constaninopolis 21; C.1; LRBC.1066
about VF/EF

Belongs to the special issue for the dedication of Constantinopolis AD 330 under Constantine I. Sometimes the bridge is called the Milvian bridge. But really its meaning is unknown!
1 commentsJochen
1.3 Crusader - Jerusalem75 viewsDenier of Amuary, King of Jerusalem from 1163 to 1174.
cross, two pellets.
Sun shining on the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. X through church, probably imprint from Cross on obverse.

hole in top, probably worn as jewlry around the neck, maybe as a Christian souvenir. Desert patina.
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Liard- 158075 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ L . P . DOMBAR . D . MONTISP . E, Grand L couronné. Le E est la marque du graveur Ennemond Farbot
+ DNS ADIVTOR . MEVS . 1580, croix florencee
0.96 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 48v, PA # 5129v, Mantellier # 29v
Voir Monnaies XXII # 457, un exemplaire identique, décrit comme unique
Potator II
Francois II de Montpensier (1582-1592), Double tournois type 3 - 158875 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ F . D . BOVRB . P . D . DOMBES . M, buste a gauche
+ DOVBLE . TOVRNOIS . 1588, trois lis et une brisure
2.44 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 81, CGKL # 720 (a1), PA # 5137v, Boudeau # 1065
Potator II
Damsen 1.49gm.JPG
Kshatrapa potin coin.75 viewsThese type of coins are known as Damsen,Kshatrpa king.
Obv- an elephant with symbols.
Rev-Three arched hill with legend.
weight-1.49 gms
Trebonianus Gallus Antoninianus75 viewsOb. IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, radiate, draped& cuirassed bust right
Rev. IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seated left with corn ears & scepter.

Ref. RIC 69, RSC 46
Milan Mint
Weight 3.8 g

12 - 04 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 75 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

1/2 Real de Plata Ley 903
17 mm

Anv: ·CAROLUS·III·DEI·GRATIA·1773· (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca) J·R· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1773
Ensayador: J R - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#14 Pag.179 - #B-281-1
Domitian AR Denarius75 viewsDomitian AR Denarius
Mint of Rome, 92-93 A.D.
RIC 173, BMC 192, RSC 279, Cohen 279
Ob: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XII, head laureate right
Rv: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P Minerva standing left holding thunderbolt and spear with shield at feet
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Greece, Delphi - The Temple of Apollo at Delphi75 viewsLloyd T
Elagabalus75 viewsRIC 88, RSC 61.
Elagabalus, denarius.
Obv. IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped and bearded bust right.
Rev. INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG, Elagabalus standing half left, branch in left, offering from patera in right over altar, recumbent bull behind altar, star left.

Elagabalus (c. 203 – March 11, 222), also known as Heliogabalus or Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, was a Roman Emperor of the Severan dynasty who reigned from 218 to 222. This reverse refers to Elagabalus' role as priest of the Syrian god from whom he took his nickname. His religious fanaticism was a primary cause of his downfall.

This coin immediately became one of my favourites, because of the detailed obverse and reverse (watch the bull!) and the history behind the coin. The coin also has a beautiful dark toning.
3 commentsmars1112
elagabal_sidon SNGcop255.jpg
Phoenicia, Sidon, Elagabal, SNG Cop. 25575 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 30, 20.23g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate r.
Two-wheeled cult cart of Astarte r., with roof on four columns, two palms emerging from
it; holy stone (baetyl) from Sidon within.
SNG Copenhagen 255
about EF, nice sand-patina
added to

The holy stones (baetyls) were meteorites. Especially in Semitic religions they were worshipped as deities. The most famous was the stone of Emesa, worshipped as the sol god Elagabal, and the Kaaba in Mecca, a pre-islamic sanctuary.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
3 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 517c (Marc.Aur), Rome, VENVS, FAVSTINA AVG P II AVG FIL, #175 views038b Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 517c (Marc.Aur), Rome, VENVS, FAVSTINA AVG P II AVG FIL, #1
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA-AVG-P-II-AVG-FIL, Draped bust right, showing Strack's coiffure a, with band of pearls in hair.
revers: VE-NVS, Venus standing left, holding apple and rudder, dolphin coiled around rudder.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-III-RIC 517c, (Marcus Aurelius), Strack 495. BMCRE 1067. Cohen 266.
Roman Plate, Tutulus fibula, Fibula #04775 viewsFibula #047,
type: Plain-Tutulus-fibula,
size: 26,5mm,
weight: 6,13g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito75 viewsObv: P • FONTEIVS • P • F • CAPITO • III • VIR, helmeted and draped bust of Mars facing right, trophy over shoulder.

Rev: MN FONT • TR MIL, warrior on horseback thrusting his spear at a Gaulish enemy who is about to slay an unarmed, kneeling captive.

Note: This type records the exploits of Manius Fonteius who was governor of Narbonese Gaul between 76 - 73 BC.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, c. 55 - 54 BC

3.875 grams, 17.6 mm, 30°

RSC Fonteia 17, S392
3 commentsSPQR Coins
France, Nimes - Roman tower75 viewsvacationchick
Galba As Libertas Publica75 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Libertas standing left, holding spear and pileus
Galerius RIC VI, Carthago 26(b)75 viewsGalerius AD 305 - 311
AE - Follis, 11.36g, 28.5mm
Carthago 4th officina, c. AD 298
laureate head r.
Africa stdg. facing, head l., in long drapery with elephant-skin head-dress, r.
holding standard, l. tusk; at feet to l., lion with captured bull.
in l. field: I
exergue: PK Delta
RIC VI, Carthago 26(b)
added to
2 commentsJochen
Anchialos Septimius Severus T. Statilius Barbarus (196-8 AD)75 viewsSeptimius Severus

AE 28 12.28g


T. Statilius Barbarus (196-98 AD)

Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right

Tyche standing left with right foot on prow, holding rudder and cornucopiae

AMNG II 460; Varbanov (E) II 188; Mionnet -; BMC-

Attractive green patina.

Ex collection Art Noot
1 commentsPetrus Elmsley
75 views169. Silver denarius, Rome, May - 13 Sept. 85 A.D. RIC 66a (read description below), BMC -; Ex Gorny & Mosch 125, lot 458
IMP·CAES·DOMIT·AVG·GERM·P·M·TR·P·IIII· laureate head right with aegis
IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P, Germania, naked to waist, wearing breeches, seated right on germanic oblong spiral decorated shield, mourning and resting head on left hand, right hand placed on shield at side; broken spear below

Extremely rare. RIC 66a is based on the B.M. coll. but not such coin is listed in the BMCRE vol. II later published, except a footnote questioning: "does the rev. legend .... occur with this reverse type?" Hence Ian Carradice omitting it from his thesis written in late '70's. At this moment I can only confirm the specimen from Leu 83 lot 751 struck from the same dies.

Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II Æ20-Poseidon-Trident, 275-216 B.C.,75 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II Æ20-Poseidon-Trident-Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia-Ornamented trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward-275-216 BC SNG Cop.854-0h-18mm-7,02g
avers:- Head of Poseidon left,
revers:- Wearing tainia-Ornamented trident flanked by two dolphins swimming downward.
exerg: ,
diameter: 18 mm,
weight: 7,02 g,
axes: 0 h,
mint: Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II,
date: 275-216 B.C.,,
ref: SNG Cop.-854,
1 commentsquadrans
Gordian III, AR denarius75 viewsI do not see many of these going around, they seem to be quite rare to findOptimus
Istros Drachm, 400-350 BC75 viewsGreek Silver drachm 5.45g
Two facing heads, one inverted
Sea Eagle on dolphin ISTRIH above. Alpha monogram below.
2 commentsCGPCGP
Tyre75 viewsAE 22, Phoenicia, Tyre, ca. A.D. 112/113. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche facing right. Rev: Galley, ΤΥΡ monogram, ΙΕΡΑΣ ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟ ΛΕΩΣ. Reddish-brown patina, gVF. SGI 5212cf, B.M.C. 321cf.2 commentsMolinari
Trache, Island of Thassos, (c. 2nd Century B.C.-1st Century B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 1057ff var., ΘΑΣΙΩΝ, Nude Herakles standing right, Rare!75 viewsTrache, Island of Thassos, (c. 2nd Century B.C.-1st Century B.C.), AE-20, SNG Cop 1057ff var., ΘΑΣΙΩΝ, Nude Herakles standing right, Rare!
avers:-Diademed and draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder,
revers:- ΘΑΣΙΩΝ, Nude Herakles standing right, drawing bow about to shoot an arrow, lion's skin tied around neck and falling over his shoulders, monogram right.
exerg: - ,
diameter:18,5-19,5 mm,
weight:8,05 g,
axes:0 h,
mint: Trache, Island of Thassos,
date: c. 2nd Century B.C. - 1st Century B.C.,
ref: SNG Copenhagen 1057ff var.,
Miletos75 viewsIonia, Miletos
6th century BC
Lion right, roaring head turned back left/ star and pellets

9mm .9g

Thanks for letting me use the photo Doug
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), AE-4, RIC-X-109, Constantinopolis, CONCORDIA AVG G G, Cross, Scarce,75 views179 Honorius ( 393-423 A.D.), AE-4, RIC-X-109, Constantinopolis, CONCORDIA AVG G G, Cross, Scarce,
avers:- DN-HONORI-VS-PF-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCOR-DIA-AVG-G-G, Cross,
exerg: CONS-A, diameter: 10-10,5 mm, weight: 0,80g, axes: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 404-406 A.D., ref: RIC-X-109, p-249,
Huszár 542, Pohl 79-4a, Unger 429q var., Réthy II 94A75 viewsHungary. Louis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar (15 mm.)

Obv: + LODOVIC[I • ]R VnGARIE, Two-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Angevin field of fleur-de-lis) with four lilies above and to sides.

Rev: S • LAD[IS]—LAVS • R •, Standing nimbate king, facing, holding halberd and imperial orb, lily over F/B in right field (privy mark).

The type was struck 1358-1371 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1359-1371 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Buda (now the western part of Budapest) in 1359-1364 by Franciscus Bernardi, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. The descriptions and depictions of this emission vary from catalog to catalog with respect to the presence and placement of pellets in the legend. None of the catalogs depict the fourth lily that appears outside the shield on the obverse on this coin.

Note: Ladislaus I (László in Hun.) (1077-1095) was canonized in 1192. His name typically appeared, albeit in an increasingly decaying form, on the reverse of 12th century emissions, and his stylized image and name appeared on this and other later emissions.
Huszár 699, Pohl 199-_, Unger 553_, Réthy II 21775 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). Billon denar, .45 gr., 14 mm.

Obv: * MOn[ETA • MAThIE • DG], Shield (Árpádian stripes)

Rev: REGI[S * • h-VnGARIE], Patriarchal cross, B–n (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1458-1460 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark is unrecorded, but. was struck in Buda (now Budapest).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
Huszár 807, Pohl 242-3, Unger 641c, Réthy II 272B. Kaplan Subtype C (unpublished)75 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm., .58 gr.

Obv: * WLADISLAI *R * VNGAR, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle with outstretched wings in center.

Rev: PATRO — N * R VNGAR, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, n—A (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1498-1503 (per Unger) or 1500-1502, except for this privy (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) in 1505 Ambrosius Literatus, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. This is a rare privy mark. According to Huszár and Pohl, there are one to three stars on the coins bearing this mark, apparently on the obverse above and the sides of the shield. They are absent from this coin, which is apparently an less common variant for the mark. The style of the Madonna’s robe and crown do not fit within Kaplan Subtypes A and B, and are assigned to a catch-all Subtype C.
Greece, Corinth -- April 201175 viewspitbull
Umayyad Islamic fals75 viewsUmayyad Islamic fals
Obverse: "There is no god / but God, / alone/"
Reverse : "Muhammad/ is the slave of God/ and his Apostle"
Vespasian denarius Judaea Capta75 viewsPhiloromaos
Julia Domna, Venus75 viewsJulia Domna
Ar denarius 17-18mm; 3.26g; Emesa/Syrian mint

draped bust right

Venus Standing left holding apple and sceptre

RIC 630
3 commentsarizonarobin
Roman Empire, Julia Mamaea, Felicitas75 views IVLIA MA-MAEA AVG
Draped bust right

Felicitas standing left, leaning on column with legs crossed, holding caduceus

RIC 335, S 8209 Rome Mint (year 222-235)
Ar Denarius; 2.80g;19mm
7 commentsRobin Ayers
Duchy of Koernten75 viewsDuchy Koernten, Bernhard (1202-1256). Size/Weight: 17x19mm, 0.95g. Denomination: 1 Pfennig, silver. Mint: St. Veit. Preservation: aEF --duke sitting with crossed feet, sword in right, left raised/ four 'Tatzenkreuze' 1 commentsdpaul7
X, 0910 Zeno, 474-49175 viewsAV solidus, 21mm, 4.3g, EF
Struck at Constantinople
DN ZENO PERP AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing ¾ right, holding spear and shield / VICTORI-A AVGGG S, Victory standing left, holding long jewelled cross. Star to right, CON OB in exg.
RIC X, 910
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
X, 2019 Valentinian III, 425-45575 viewsAV solidus, 20.8mm, 4.41g, EF
Struck 430-445 at Ravenna
DN PLA VALENTI-NIANVS PP AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III facing right / VICTORI-A AVGGG, emperor standing facing, holding long cross and Victory on globe, drapery formed like parentheses, right foot on head of human headed open coiled sperpent. R - V in fields, COMOB in exg.
RIC X, 2011 Rare
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
100 Kingdom of Bosporus, Rhescuporis II (III), AD 211–22675 viewsElectrum stater, 7.84g, nearly EF
Struck AD 215/6 at Panticapaeum
BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPIΔOC, diademed and draped bust right; club before / Laureate and draped bust of bearded Caracalla right, BIΦ below.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex; Freeman & Sear
MacDonald 555/2; Frolova 200, pl. 45, 14 (same dies); Sear GIC 5482v (date)
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Thessalonica75 viewsObv: Christ Seated
Rev: St. Helena and St. Constantine with Patriarchal Cross Between Them
Sear 2057
1 commentsLaetvs
JETON - General Tolli75 viewsJETON - By Lauer of Nurnberg. Made circa 1814. Probably brass, and sadly 2 holes. Obv erse features the Russain Czar Alexander. Reverse features Barclay de Tolli, Russia. Actually a very scarce Lauer jeton produced at the end of the wars honoring one of the more obscure Russian generals. dpaul7
Leopold I (1658 - 1705 A.D.)75 views3 Kreuzer, 1668, Vienna Mint, Franz Faber as Mintmaster (1659-1660 and 1666-1679)
O: LEOPOLDVS . D . G . R . I . S .-. A . G . H . B . REX
Laureate, draped bust right breaking inner laurel circle, denomination in oval below
Double eagle with Vienna arms on breast, within linear circle, crown above and breaking date, * in baroque frame below
Rolled flan
21mm x 22mm, 1.51g, Silver
KM 1855
1 commentsMat
Licinius II Iovi Conservatori Alexandria75 viewsD N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C
laureated, draped bust left holding globe, sceptre in left hand and mappa in right hand
moon crescent / A / SMAL
Alexandria mint
RIC.VII. 25 R2
3 commentsgb29400
G75 viewsLicinius I AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VII 13, Nicomedia
Date: AD 308–324
Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head r.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing l. holding Victory, eagle at his feet, "A" in l. field, SMN in exergue
Size: 22 mm
Weight: 3.9 grams

Licinius I and Constantine (the Great) won a decisive victory over Maximinus Daia at Tarsus. By AD 313 the empire was controlled by Constantine in the west including Italy and North Africa, and Licinius in the Balkans and the east. To be sure, both men tolerated each other and were not extremely amicable. In AD 316, Constantine invaded the Balkans due to a disagreement he had with Licinius. He hoped to capture and do away with Licinius if possible. By AD 317 all Constantine had accomplished was a treaty with Licinius ceding most of the Balkans to him. Both men continued to rule their parts of the empire respectively, until in AD 324 when Constantine again decided to move against Licinius. On July 3, they met at Hadrianopolis where Constantine won decisively. Licinius fled, regrouped and met Constantine again at Chrysopolis across the Bosphorus in September. Licinius was forced to surrender soon after under the promise that his life would be spared. Constantine agreed, but by the spring of the following year had Licinius hanged anyway.

Although Licinius I did not commit the same atrocities against Christians as did his predecessors, namely Diocletian and Galerius, he still was not regarded as a good emperor by such historians as the Christian Eusebius. "He had been honored with sovereign power in time of prosperity; he had ranked next after the Emperor Constantine, and had become brother-in-law and kinsman of the most exalted person living; yet he turned his back on the examples of good men and emulated the wickedness and criminal folly of the evil tyrants; and he chose to follow the same path as those whose life he had with his own eyes seen ending in calamity, rather than remain on terms of friendship and esteem with his superior." - Eusebius Ecclesiastical History X.8
2 commentsNoah
L. Postumia Albinus - Postumia-875 viewsL. Postumius Albinus Denarius (3.93 gm) 81 BC. HISPAN, veiled head of Hispania / A ALBIN S N, togate figure standing left between legionary eagle and fasces, POST A F in ex. Sydenham 746, Crawford 372/2, RCV 2973 commentsBud Stewart
MAGNENTIUS centenionalis Trier ( Treveri )75 viewsDN MAGNEN - TIVS PF AVG
Draped bust right , A left in field

Two victories standing facing each other, resting shield inscribed VOT/V/MVLT/X on cippus
TRS in ex.

Centenionalis or Maiorina strucked late 351 in Trier ( Treveri )

C. 70 -- RIC.307

very nice portrait
2 commentsgb29400
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AR-Argenteus, RIC V-II 40b, Rome, VIRTVS-MILITVM,75 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AR-Argenteus, RIC V-II 40b, Rome, VIRTVS-MILITVM,
avers:- ,MAXIMI-ANVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- VIRTVS-MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over altar, city gate in background. 295-297 (Rome). ,
exerg: -/-//E, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 295-297 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-40b, C-622g,
moneta 452 large.jpg
Probus, Rome - RIC 15775 viewsProbus Antoninianus
obv: IMP PROBVS AVG. Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
rev: ADVENTVS AVG. Probus on horseback, left, raising right hand, sceptre in left, captive at foot of horse.
exergue: R half-crescent A
Struck 276-282 A.D. at Rome
RIC 157
Van Meter 6
2 commentsJericho
moneta 550.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Rome - RIC 83075 viewsAntoninus Pius As
obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P. Laureate head right
rev: TR POT COS IIII SC. Pietas standing left, extending right hand.
Struck 145-147 A.D. at Rome
RIC 830
Note: "...according to RIC... (they) add a question mark to "Ceres". In fact nobody knows for sure who she is (the reverse figure). Certainly not Ceres, for what she has in her l. hand is a fold of her own drapery, not a torch. Strack thinks she is Pietas, but adds that the ID is uncertain because there is no descriptive legend. That exact type occurs nowhere else in the Roman coinage.... The date of the coin according to current research is not 145, nor 145-161, but 145-7. After 145, because COS IIII. Before 148, because from then on Pius placed his tribunician number on all of his coins.
Pompeii Dog Mosaic75 viewsDog Mosaic in a home in Pompeii...2000 years old!1 commentsTitus Pullo
Osroes II S 85.jpg
Osroes II S8575 viewsOsroes II, c190 AD. Drachm, 19mm, 3.63g.

Obverse: Bust L, long tapered beard, tiara with ear flaps and pellets on crest, 2 loops, 4 pendant ends.

Reverse: Archer seated R on throne, holding bow. Blundered Greek inscription. Top line in Aramaic, reading HARTABI MALKA (King Artabanus; older books attribute these coins to Artabanus V).

Mint: Ecbatana (monogram below bow).

Sellwood 85.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King75 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Wiener Neustadt mint. Obv.: Crowned head between 2 lis. Rev.: Crowned griffin left. Reference: Luschin #64.dpaul7
owl75 viewsHost coin worn smooth, AE 18/20 mm. Weight: 7.63 grs. Obv: round CM: Owl on a twig Rev: ?? Collection Roland Mueller
Silver stater of Corinth, 375 - 300 B.C., with dove-in-wreath symbol75 viewsObverse: Pegasus flying left, koppa (Ϙ) below
Reverse: Helmeted head of Athena left; Γ below chin, dove-in-wreath to right
Jordan, Petra - Ed Deir75 viewsThis is Ed Deir, one of the 'high places' of Petra. There's a rock cut path, you have to climb about 800 steps above Cardo level to get there, but worth it. Early Western visitors called it 'the Monastery', which perhaps it was during Byzantine times, originally though, a Nabataean temple (not a tomb).Abu Galyon
Phokaia, Ionia, c. 530 - 510 B.C.75 viewsSilver hemiobol, BMC Ionia p. 215, 82, aVF, 1.037g, 8.5mm, 3.17mm thick, Phokaia mint, 530 - 510 B.C.; Obv. head of griffin left,(seal on right at edge of flan?) Rev. rough quadripartite incuse square. Among the earliest silver coins minted!

Die match;

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins

Background Information:

Phokaia (Phocaea) (modern day Foca, Turkey), northern most of the Ionian cities, located on the western coast of Anatolia (asia minor), at the mouth of the river Hermus (now Gediz), and between the Gulf of Smyrna (now Izmir) to the south and the Gulf of Cyme to the north. Phokaia had a thriving seafaring economy and a powerful naval fleet. It was one of the largest cities of the ancient world. Herodotus described the walls of the city as having a diameter of 5 kilometers. Probably following the Lydians, the Phocaeans were among the earliest in the world to make and use coins as money. Source of background info, Wikipedia
5 commentsSteve E
GREEK, Phokis, Federal Coinage, AE 15, 354-352 BC, struck under Onymarchos - BMC 103, pl. III, 24; SNG Copenhagen 13175 viewsFacing bull’s head draped with sacrificial fillet.
ONY/MAP/XOY in three lines; all within laurel wreath.
BCD Lokris/Phokis 301.2 (this coin); BMC 103, pl. III, 24; SNG Copenhagen 131. (16 mm, 4.21 g, 2h)
ex- CNG; ex- BCD Collection: NAC 55 (8 October 2010) Lot 301 (part of)

Most of these coins were withdrawn from circulation and melted down at the end of the Third Sacred War. Surviving examples are very rare, less than a couple of dozen known.The coin bears the name of Onymarchos, the second Phokian strategos (general) in the third to fifth years of the Third Sacred War. It is amongst the first mainland Greek coins of its time to bear the full name of a living Greek.
Lloyd T
Constantine SOLI INVICTO COMITI75 viewsConstantine I, c. 313 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, right hand raised with globe. R/F in field, R S exergue. Look at Sol's claws!

1 commentsancientcoins
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern75 viewsThe second Gorgo of the Cistern. I saw a third Gorgo in the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. The original temple, from where the Gorgos were removed is still unknown. Franz-Josef M
Romano-Egyptian Votive Statue75 viewsCirca 1st century BC - 1st century AD
5.5 inches tall

Terracotta votive statue of the Hellenistic god Harpocrates.
ex Superior Galleries

Harpocrates, the god of silence, is the Hellenistic adaptation of the Egyptian child-god Horus, and as such was said to be the son of Isis and Serapis.
3 commentsEnodia
Postumus VICTORIA AVG short beard RIC 89.jpg
Postumus VICTORIA AVG RIC V/2 8975 viewsAnt, 20mm, 3.37g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking L with palm, trampling captive.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 1

RIC V/2 89, Common.

This is an early example with the very short beard (Phase B Style 1) characteristic of these.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 220 B.C.75 viewsBronze hemidrachm, (Svoronos 965, Weiser 71; Hosking 31; Weber 8260), VF, pitting, 26.014g, 34.6mm, 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse BAΕIΛΩΕ ΠTOΛEMAIOΥ, eagle with wings closed standing left on thunderbolt, filleted cornucopia left, chi-rho between eagle's legs; Olive base color with light desert patina, with a few green, yellow and red spots.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsSteve E
Rare gold 1/32 mohur (12 gold rupee or 1 fanam) of Emperor Shah Alam Bahadur (1707-1712), Moghul Empire 75 viewsVery crude Persian inscriptions on both sides - Alam / Zarb. Undated, mint name is off flan, as always. 7mm in diameter, 0.4 g, Balapur mint (north Mysore), Krause -; H.Herrli "Gold Fanams" #8.01.20.
Excellent tiny coin, rare and hard to find. The name of Alam is completely engraved.
Antonivs Protti
212-195 B.C., Anonymus AR-Denarius, Crawford 112/1, Rome, Scarce!,75 viewsAnonymus AR-Denarius, 212-195 B.C., Crawford 112/1, Rome, Scarce!,
avers:- Helmeted head of Roma right, behind X, before staff, border of dots.
revers:- Dioscuri galloping right, in exergo ROMA.
exerg: ROMA,
axis: 0h,
diameter: 18,5-19,5mm,
weight: 3,88g,
mint: Rome,
date: 212-195 B.C.,
ref: Crawford-112/1, Sydenham-, Scarce!,
060-046 B.C., Iuba I., Kings of Numidia (Circa 60-46 B.C.) AR-denarius, SNG Cop. 523, Caesareia (Mauretania), REX IVBA, Octastyle temple,75 views60-46 B.C., Iuba I., Kings of Numidia (Circa 60-46 B.C.) AR-denarius, SNG Cop. 523, Caesareia (Mauretania), REX IVBA, Octastyle temple,
avers:- REX IVBA, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Juba I. to right, with bushy hair and scepter over his right shoulder.
revers: - Neo punic caracter, (Neo-Punic) Temple or portico with eight columns, steps leading up to a wide central gateway and small upper story with a pedimental roof.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5 mm, weight: 3,33g, axis: 7h,
mint: Caesareia (Mauretania), date: 25-24 B.C., ref: SNG Copenhagen 523 ,
In the memory of Severus...75 viewsDivus Septimius Severus under Caracalla, AR Denarius, 211?, Rome
Bare head right
Eagle standing facing on garlanded altar, head left
19mm x 20mm, 2.84g
RIC IV, Part I, 191d for Caracalla
3 commentsowellber
Vespasian RIC-35675 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 356 (C3), BMC 64, RSC 45
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR (above) TRI POT (below); Priestly implements

Good example of an extremely common type.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Roman Empire / Emperor Severus Alexander ( AD 222 – 235 )75 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander Silver Denarius
Obverse : IMPALEXANDERPIVSAVG - Laureate head right, draped left shoulder
Reverse : PROVIDENTIAAVG - Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
Mint : Rome
Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander (born October 1, 208–March 18, died 235 AD), commonly called Severus Alexander ,he was the Last Syrian Emperor of The Roman Empire.

From the Sam Mansourati collection.
ROMAN EMPIRE / Galerius as Caesar 75 viewsROMAN EMPIRE / Galerius, as Caesar (AD 293-305) Argenteus
Obverse : Laureate head of Galerius right
Reverse : Tetrarchs sacrificing before six-turreted enclosure, Gamma in exe.
Rome mint, 3rd officina Struck AD 295-297
MS (according to auction house), RIC 35b. RSC 183b.

**I believe there is an unusual misspelling of reverse legend.

From the Sam Mansourati collection.
2 commentsSam
rombus-head fibula.jpg
miscellaneous - rombus-head fibula - 1st-3rd century75 viewslong: 62mm, with original pinberserker
Septimius Severus denarius75 viewsRIC 389 (3,5 gm, 20 mm).
Mint of Emesa, early 194 AD.

Probably an earliest specimen of this type for COSII:
magnificent "longhead" portrait, a few dots
consisting of title & legend texts.
Unusual reverse for this type - elongated along the vertical.

2 commentsneander
Sabina RIC III, (Hadrian) 39075 viewsSabina died AD 137, wife of Hadrian, grand-niece of Trajan
AR - Denar, 3.63g
Rome AD 130
diademed and draped bust r., hair in queue down neck
Concordia, draped, standing frontal, head l., holding patera in r. hand and
double-cornucopiae in l. hand
RIC III, (Hadrian) 390; C.3; BMC 929
about EF

Her marriage was very unhappy, Hadrian only having eyes for his favourite Antinous (from Forum).
3 commentsJochen
Scarce gold fanam issued by Zamorinds of Calicut (ca.1300-1790 AD), Vira Raya type, Calicut (Kozhikodde) mint, India75 viewsThe normal abstract Boar / Lion type of a Calicut variety. Calicut (Kozhikodde) mint. 9mm, 0.38 grams. Herrli #1.12

The anonymous gold fanams were continuosely issued by the Zamorinds of Calicut for hundreds of years until the city and the mint were taken by Haidar Ali and later by the British.
Antonio Protti
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm in the name of Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC – Seleukeia on the Tigris - SC 11875 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and scepter in left, pentalpha in left field.
SC 118 (same obverse die); Price P229 (uncertain eastern mint); Thompson, ANSMN 31, 160 (same obverse die); Commerce (“Seleucus I”) Hoard 2005 (CH10.256) 1517-1522 (one of these coins).
Seleukeia on the Tigris
(24 mm, 17.16 g, 6h)
ex- Arthur Houghton Collection (New Series 744); ex- Commerce (“Seleucus I”) Hoard 2005 (CH10.256).
2 commentsLloyd T
Severus II.jpg
Severus II - Follis75 viewsFollis
Obv: IMPCFLVALSEVERVSPFAVG - Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI Exe: */KB - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.

RIC 27b (Cyzicus)
127 Severus-II (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 068a, Aquilea, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, Severus II on horseback galloping right, Scarce!75 views127 Severus-II (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 068a, Aquilea, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, Severus II on horseback galloping right, Scarce!
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
revers:- VIRTVS-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Severus II on horseback galloping right, spear raised, spearing kneeling foe before horse, another foe prostrate on ground beneath horse.
exerg: -/-//AQΓ, diameter: 28,5-29mm, weight: 10,79g, axes: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 305-306 A.D., ref: RIC VI 68a, p-320, Scarce!
2 commentsquadrans
Severus Alexander Assarion, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior.75 viewsAVT K M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC, laureate, draped bust right

UP TIB IOUA FHCTOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak.

Pick 1021, SNG Cop 246.

Issued under Leagte Tiberius Julius Festus.

The city of Parthenopolis was renamed during the reign of Trajan and is named after the Emperors sister Ulpia Marciana. It flourished under the Severan dynasty, explaining the sheer amount of coinage from this city of that era. The town exists today as Devinya, Varna region, Bulgaria.

4 commentsGaiusCaligula
ROMAN EMPIRE, SEVERUS ALEXANDER. AR Denarius, A.D.231 - 235.75 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235. AR Denarius, minted AD 231-235. Laureate and draped bust, right. Reverse: Mars advancing right with spear and shield. RIC 246; C-1612 commentspaul1888
Septimius Severus, AE27 Tetrassaria75 viewsIMP L SEP SEVERVS
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right
Nike-Nemesis advancing left with wreath and palm, wheel at her feet
Unlisted dies
2 commentswhitetd49
Strap End / Heart Pendant75 viewsThis heavy bronze heart-shaped pendant hangs on a bronze sheet hanger which has been closed with an iron rivet. Circa 3rd century AD. A close parallel is found in the Dura Europos report, volume 7, figure 42, #227, circa 200-250 AD. Others are cited for Carnuntum, Zugmantel, and Stockstadt Germany. The weight makes it likely that this is for a horse harness and not legionnaries armour or belt.otlichnik
Septimius Severus Rome early 175 viewsRIC 1. Denarius, mint of Rome, 193 AD.
Rare starting "Pertinax" artistic style!
Tancred75 viewsCoin 9A

Antioch, Tancred
Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent (1101-1103; 1104-1112), AE follis, first type. Obv: bust of St. Peter with cross in left hand. Rev: + / KE BOI / THETODV / LOCOVT / ANKPI+ (Lord help your servant Tacred). Metcalf 49, Malloy (2nd Ed.) 3a. Weight 6.5 grams, about 24 mm. Good Fine. SOLD

Tancred was an important leader who participated in the First Crusade.
Turkey, Termessos - Theatre75 viewsThough Termessos is fairly close to a major tourist resort (Antalya) it’s not over-visited, perhaps because it’s a fairly steep uphill climb to reach the principal monuments from the nearest point where you can park. But the effort is worth it: the setting (inside Güllük Daği National Park) is spectacular and the ruins at this unrestored site are as romantic a pile of tumble-down stones as anyone could wish for. Abu Galyon
ÁTICA - ATENAS75 viewsEmisión realizada en el siglo de Aristóteles.
AR Tetradracma 20 mm 17.1 gr.

Anv: Cabeza de Atenas vistiendo Casco coronado, crestado y ornamentado con tres hojas de oliva y detalles florales.
Rev: "A Θ E" – Búho parado a derecha, su cabeza viendo al frente. Un ramo de olivo y medialuna detrás.
El viejo formato almendrado del ojo de Atenas en los tetradracmas anteriores al 393 A.C., cambia a un ojo mas real de perfil. Esta es una muy extensa serie, donde la gran mayoría fue acuñada muy descuidadamente en cospeles irregulares y de gran espesor.

Acuñación: 393 - 300 A.C.
Ceca: Atenas - Ática

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #2537 Pag.237 – BMC Vol.11 (Attica, Megaris, Aegira) #144 – SNG Copenhagen #63/4 - SNG München #91 - SNG Lockett #1873 - SNG Delepierre #1469 - Dewing #1635
4 commentsmdelvalle
Greek, THESSALIAN LEAGUE--SHIELD/LYRE (possibly unpublished Rogers 4 var.)75 viewsAE 14 mm 3.24 g
302 - 294 BCE
REV: ThESSA (r. down) )/LWN (l. down) AT SIDES OF LYRE
ROGERS 4 var.
1 commentslaney
75 viewsIMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM Laur head of Titvs r.Rev.TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP Dolphin entwined around anchor. RIC 26(a)(Rome ad 80) weight 3,20 gr3 commentsspikbjorn
x Fourree Mule of Titus as Caesar75 viewsTitus as Caesar. Unknown, unofficial, mint. (2.11g, 18.1m, 6h.) Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPSIAN, laureate head right. Rev: AVGV[R?] above, TRI P[OT], below, priestly implements. Reverse, RIC II V43.

Titus, as Caesar, never had the reverse with the priestly implements. That was Vespasian in 70A.D. The legends is anticlockwise. The style is unofficial, and the weight is low making it a likely fouree even in the absence of any break in the silvering.
1 commentsLucas H
[1108a] Trajan Decius, July 249 - June or July 251 A.D. 75 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC 11b, RSC 4, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.923g, 23.3mm, 0o, 249 - 251 A.D.; Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; Reverse: ADVENTVS AVG, Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand and holding scepter. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Trajan Decius (249-251 A.D.) and Usurpers During His Reign

Geoffrey Nathan and Robin McMahon

Geoffrey Nathan
San Diego State University

Early Life and Public Career

Any discussion of Decius (and for most third century emperors) must be prefaced by an understanding that the historical tradition is incomplete, fragmentary, and not wholly trustworthy. Any reconstruction of his life and reign will therefore be to some degree speculative. With that caveat in mind, Gaius Messius Quintus Decius was born, to a provincial yet aristocratic Senatorial family during the transitional Severan age, possibly in 201. His family may have been from Italian stock, although that is by no means certain. Attempts to describe his life previous to the consulship are problematic, although he did serve as governor in Moesia in the mid-230's. That also means that Decius probably had been a member of the Senate for some time. We know little else about his early life, other than at some point he married Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla, apparently from the Senatorial ordo as well. His political fortunes rose in the troubled 240's. As instability grew in the mid-third century, Philip the Arab charged Decius, suffect consul for 249, with restoring order along the Danubian frontier. In addition to the border unrest, a low-level army officer, Tiberius Claudius Marinus Pacatianus, had led a rebellion of the armies in Pannonia and Moesia. For a short time, Marinus apparently claimed the imperial purple and along with movements of the Gepidae, represented a clear threat to the stability of Philip's rule.

Philip's decision to send Decius was perhaps more motivated by political expediency than by any great confidence in his military abilities. Decius had an aristocratic pedigree, and so was likely to have been a popular choice with a Senate that was increasingly doubtful of Philip's abilities. He was also a native of Sirmium in Pannonia Inferior, and so was likely familiar with the intricacies of life and politics in the region. Finally, he had, of course, served as governor of the wayward province, and thus undoubtedly had connections there among the civil and military curia--ones that Philip hoped Decius could exploit. Thus, the consul was charged with restoring order along one of the Empire's most problematic borders. Accompanied by his son, Herennius, Decius traveled to Moesia, probably to reclaim the Legio IV Flavia Felix and possibly the Legio XI, both of which were stationed in that province.

Shortly before his arrival, Marinus was killed and local troops quickly named Decius emperor, encouraging him to assert this newfound responsibility in a war against Philip. Philip's inability to deal decisively with the worsening military crises on the borders, the fear of punishment, and the opportunity for enrichment no doubt motivated the soldiers to place the purple on a local leader--a now increasingly common practice. Decius' lineage also probably appealed to traditionalists in Rome, who begrudged Philip his humble origins and his possible involvement in the death of Gordian III. Philip led out an army in June of 249 to meet his newest rival for the purple and at an unknown location (possibly Verona or Beroea) lost the battle. Whether Philip died in the fighting or was assassinated by his own troops--another increasingly common practice--is unknown. Philip's son, Philip Junior, recently made an Augustus, was quickly put to death by the Praetorian Guard in Rome. Decius was the first emperor to come from the Balkans region. How much he wanted to serve is unknown. While this account undoubtedly contains fictional elements, with several popular literary topoi, the rough outlines of the story are undoubtedly true: we have epigraphic evidence in July for support among the Pannonian Legio X, suggesting that Decius owed his accession in no small part to local troops

Publicity and Power
The victory of an established Senatorial aristocrat was one that seemed to reassert the authority and place of traditional political power, despite the means of Decius' ascension. The new emperor, no doubt aware of the perils of his position, seems to have embarked upon a highly conservative program of imperial propaganda to endear himself to the Roman aristocracy and to the troops who had thrust the purple upon him. One of his earliest acts was to take the honorific name of Trajan, whose status as the greatest of all emperors after Augustus was now becoming firmly established. The fact that Trajan had commanded legions in Upper Germany and had close links to both Pannonia and Moesia at the time of his accession invited the comparison. The name was cleverly chosen: Trajan had been an active and successful general throughout his reign, but had also established a reputation for a widely popular civil government.

Decius also served as consul in every year of his reign and took for himself traditional republican powers, another way to underscore his authority and conservatism. He even tried to revive the long defunct office of censor in 251, purportedly offering it to the future emperor, Valerian. Decius moreover portrayed himself as an activist general and soldier. In addition to leading military campaigns personally, he often directly bestowed honors upon his troops, high and low alike. He also holds the dubious distinction of being the first emperor to have died fighting a foreign army in battle. Finally, in 250, he associated his sons Herennius and Hostilianus in his rule by making them Caesars, eventually raising the former (and elder) to Augustus. Undoubtedly, Decius sought to create a dynasty in much the same way the Gordians had in the previous decade. This traditionalism may to be a large extent, however, a construction rather than a reality. When we abandon the literary tradition and look instead at other forms of evidence, his imperial aims are less clear. The legal record, extremely thin, is only vaguely supportive of a conservative policy: most of his surviving enactments deal with private law issues consistent with earlier Severan jurisprudence.

On the other hand in late 249, when Decius returned to Rome, he embarked upon an active building program in the capital. After a destructive fire, he extensively restored the Colosseum. He later commissioned the opulent Decian Baths along the Aventine. He perhaps also was responsible for the construction of the Decian Portico. Such activities contrasted to a twenty-year period of relative building inactivity. Both the kind of building projects and their stylistic qualities suggest an attempt to recall the glories of the past. The numismatic evidence also suggests some degree of traditionalism. It is there that we see the first references to Trajan Decius, as well as an association with both Pannonia and Dacia. His Liberitas and Uberitas issues, combined with his wife's Pudicitia and his sons' Princeps Iuventi coins, all seem to rearticulate traditional ideology. Legends tend to be conservative, so this is hardly surprising, but there were no great innovations to suggest a new set of ideological principles. In sum, while the literary reconstructions of Decius' life are problematic, it seems clear that traditionalism was an important factor in his administration, especially in the wake of Philip's reign.

The Persecution of Christians
Another possible aspect of this conservatism was a reported wide-scale attack on the growing Christian minority. The third century saw the slow creation of sizeable communities in the Empire's urban populations. For the first time, if we are to believe Christian sources, an Empire-wide persecution of Christians was begun under Decius. The state required all citizens to sacrifice to the state gods and be in receipt of a libellus, a certificate from a temple confirming the act. The rationale for the emperor's actions, however, is not entirely clear. Eusebius writes he did so because he hated Philip, who purportedly was a secret Christian. Probably the enmity was real, but it seems unconnected to the introduction of these policies. More likely, if Decius did indeed seek to persecute Christians, he was reacting to the growing visibility of the religion, especially in the city of Rome itself. One of the more prominent martyrs of the age was Fabian, the bishop of the imperial capital.

But the new policy of public religiosity was much more probably a program to reassert traditional public piety, consistent with some of the other conservative initiatives introduced during the emperor's short reign. The libelli themselves were largely generalized in nature and language, and there is no implication that they were directed at any one group per se. Whatever intended effect it may have had on Christianity was thus to a degree unplanned. Christians would have no doubt seen it differently. It is possible then that fourth and fifth century Christian polemicists have misinterpreted (whether purposefully or not) Decius' libelli. In the particular cases of Eusebius and Lactantius, both wrote in the wake of the great persecution of Diocletian and no doubt magnified upon the theme of the tyrant-persecutor. A hostile tradition notwithstanding, the new requirements did impact Christians most acutely, causing considerable division in the growing ranks of the new religion.

Imperial and Military Problems
Like other third century emperors, Decius was not free of threats to his authority, either from within or without. The revolt of Jotapianus, either in Syria or Cappadocia, had actually begun in Philip's reign, but was quickly quelled after Decius' accession. Probably the usurper's own soldiers murdered the would-be emperor, since the accounts state that his body was delivered to Decius while still in Rome in the summer of 249.
A potentially more serious revolt broke out while Decius was out of Rome in 250 fighting the Goths. Julius Valens Licinianus, also a member of the Senatorial aristocracy with some popular support, took the purple at the Empire's capital. It appears to have been relatively short-lived grab for power, ending in a few days with his execution. The governor of Macedon, Titus Julius Priscus, also permitted himself to be proclaimed Augustus at Philippopolis towards the end of 251, probably with Gothic collusion. The Senate declared him a public enemy almost as soon as he chose usurpation. He probably survived Decius, but is likely to have perished when Gallus became emperor.

Of greater concern than sporadic rebellions, which were relatively minor, were the vitreous northern borders. For the first time, a new and aggressive Germanic people, the Goths, crossed into and raided Roman territory in the 250's. At the time of Decius' forced accession, the Gepidae and the Carpi were both raiding deep into the Moesian provinces. They, along with the Goths, raided Pannonia and Dacia as well. Decius was forced to fight campaigns each year of his reign, doing his best to keep the borders stable.

His final campaign in 251 led to the death of his son, Herennius, and to his own. Decius led a successful attack on the Carpi, pushing them out of Dacia. But Moesia Inferior had been left largely undefended and Cniva, king of the Goths, led a sizeable portion of his army into the province. The emperor, after chasing the Germanic force around the region, engaged Cniva's forces outside of Philippopolis, which had recently been sacked by the king and held by the rebel, Priscus. It was here that his elder son was slain by an arrow and the emperor, seeking to reassure his troops, famously proclaimed that the death of one soldier was not a great loss to the Republic. Cniva then led his troops homeward, laden with the spoils of war. The loss became Decius' undoing. Trebonianus Gallus, one of the emperor's commanders, may have revolted, although it is not entirely clear. Instead of regrouping his forces and re-securing the borders, Decius unwisely sought to chase down Cniva before he left Roman territory. His decision may have been motivated by his son's death (despite his insistence otherwise) or it may have been an attempt to salvage what had been a failed campaign. In either case, it was ill-advised.

It was at Abrittus, about 100 kilometers northeast of Nicopolis that Decius finally met his death. Hoping to cut off Cniva's escape route (and perhaps minimize any help from Gallus), Decius' army was itself cut off in the marshy terrain. The details are sketchy, but Cniva divided his seventy thousand man army into three groups and surrounded the emperor's force. On July 1st, the emperor and most of his troops were slain. In the aftermath, the survivors named Trebonianus Gallus emperor, a decision subsequently confirmed by the Senate. Some contemporaries called the death tragic; others heroic. An Altar of Decius was erected where the emperor fell, still apparently famous two centuries later. Decius and Herennius may have even been deified. Christian polemicists, as might be expected, took pleasure in describing Decius' body being stripped and left on the battlefield to be devoured by animals. Whatever else, his was the first death of an emperor at the hands of an enemy of Rome. But even the account of his death, along with that of his son, must be looked on suspiciously. Their deaths bring to mind the sacrificial devotions of the famous Republican Decii father and son, P. Decius Mus senior and junior. The circumstances of Decius' death, therefore, are perhaps as opaque as those of his accession.

In spite of gaining some modicum of praise from both ancient and modern observers, Decius' reign was not well-suited to the demands of a rapidly changing empire. Conservatism may have been popular among a certain portion of the Roman elite, but the old aristocracy's power and influence all but disappeared in the third century. Decius clearly had a broader vision of what he wanted to accomplish in his reign than many of his contemporaries, and certainly he was vigorous, but he was also a man who was not sufficiently flexible when the moment called for it. His religious policy caused major disruptions in Rome and; in contrast to some of the other barracks emperors, Decius proved himself less than apt when dealing with Rome's Germanic foes. His death may have been heroic, but it was unnecessary and unsuccessful. This best sums up Decius Trajan's reign.

Ancient Sources

Relatively little remains about Decius' reign. If there were a biography of Decius in the SHA, it no longer survives, although there are scattered references to his rule in the biographies of Claudius II Gothicus and Aurelian. Zosimus, i: 21-23, Aurelius Victor, 29-30, Zonaras 12, Eutropius 9, Jordanes Get. 17-8, and Sylvius Polemius 37-40 have brief accounts of his reign. There are fragments in John of Antioch, fr. 148 and Dexippus, fr. 18. Eusebius, vi: 39-41, vii:1, 11, 22, and viii:4, discusses his persecution, and there are passing references to his persecution in Socrates and Lactantius. Inscriptions and coinage are relatively abundant.

Copyright (C) 2002, Geoffrey Nathan and Robin McMahon. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families; Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Rz. AE13 from Kolophon Apollo / Lyre75 viewsType:
Ruler / Years:
Metal Type:
Size / Weight:
Obverse Description:
Obverse Legend:
Reverse Description:
Reverse Legend:

Kolophon mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
Size/Weight: 13mm, 1.8g

Obverse: head of Apollo right wearing taenia

entity: Apollo

Reverse: [KOL], lyre within linear square

Attribution: BMC p. 37, 13 ff.

Scott Morris
137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), AE-3, Siscia, RIC VII 222, URBS ROMA, She-wolf left, C3!, #175 views137 Commemorative, (330-333 A.D.), AE-3, Siscia, RIC VII 222, URBS ROMA, She-wolf left, C3!, #1
avers:- VRBS- ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers: - She-wolf left with twins, two stars above.
exe: Γ SIS, diameter: 18 mm, weight: 2,89 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Siscia , date: 330-333 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-222, p-453, C3!,
Valens Secvritas Reip.jpg
Valens- Siscia RIC 15b type XVI75 viewsobv: DN VALEN-S PF AVG
* / F in left field, M in right field
ASISC in exergue
RIC Siscia 15b type XVI, VM 49
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-2 Follis, RIC IX 26b-6, Siscia, REPARATIO REIPVB,75 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-2 Follis, RIC IX 26b-6, Siscia, REPARATIO REIPVB,
avers:- DN-VALENTINIANVS-IVN-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- REPARATIO-REIPVB, Valentinian II standing, facing, holding hand of kneeling woman and Victory on globe.
exergo: star-B-SIS, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 4,86g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 378-383 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-26b-6, p-150,
India, Western Satraps. Rudrasena. Silver Drachm75 viewsobv: Head of Rudrasena right, with his titles around and the date marks for Year 190 behind.
rev: Sacred mountain, with more of his titles around.
Struck Year-190 (AD 268)
3 commentsJericho
VENICE - Giovanni Dandolo75 viewsVENICE - Giovanni Dandolo, 1280 - 1289. Silver Grosso, without date.
Obv.: St. Mark gives an investiture banner to the Dodge.
Rev.: Christ enthroned facing.
21 mm. 2,06 g. VF.
vesp eagle right.jpg
Vespasian RIC-84575 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 845 (C2), BMC 179, RSC 122
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle, with wings spread, standing front on low garlanded base, head r.

The scarcer right facing eagle variant of this common type.

A much better coin in hand than the picture would lead you to believe. Surprisingly I had a tough time finding this minor variant in decent condition.
1 commentsVespasian70
Vespasian AE As75 viewsVespasian AE As / Spes Attribution: VM 95v
Date: 69-79 AD
Rv: S C, Spes holding flower and hitching skirt
Size: 26.59 mm
Weight: 10.3 grams
Scotvs Capitis
Vespasian dupondius.jpg
Vespasian75 viewsDupondius.
The obverse has a nice green patina.
1 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Vespasian H763.JPG
Vespasian H.76375 viewsSize: Denarius
Obverse: Vespasian
Reverse: Emperor & captive
Date: 72-73 AD
Reference: Hendin 763
1 commentsJohn K
Emperor Vespasian Denarius75 viewsIMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right / PON MAX TR P COS V, Winged caduceus. RIC 73. RSC 361a. 3.5 grams.1 commentsStuart Francis
Rome, Lead Seal, #29, Two face , Victory #02,75 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #29, Two face , Victory #02,quadrans
VRBS ROMA Siscia mint75 views•BSIS•

1 commentsXLi
PAULINA. Wife of Maximinus I.74 viewsAR denarius. 235-236 AD. Draped and veiled bust of Paulina right. DIVA PAVLINA. / Peacock standing facing,tail in full splendor,head to left. CONSECRATIO.
BM 135, C 1, RIC 1. RSC 1.
1 commentsbenito
Julia Domna & Geta, Denarius - 035074 viewsRome mint, AD 201
IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia Domna right.
P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Geta right, seen from behind.
3.02 g, 20 mm
Ex. Pscipio
3 commentsPotator II
Pertinax AR Denarius74 viewsRIC IV 1a Rome, BMCRE 15, C 2, RSC 2
2.59 g, 18 mm
IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right
AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
COA from Sear
3 commentsMark Z2
Pupienus, Sestertius 74 viewsRome mint, AD 238
IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGG, Victory standing, head turned on the left, holding wreath in her right hand, palm and drapery in her left hand
24.9 gr 31 mm
Ref : RIC IV # 23a, Cohen # 38
12/10/13 - 0500
4 commentsPotator II
SSAV in rectangular punch74 viewsSYRIA: SELEUCIS & PIERIA. Seleuceia Pieria. Septimius Severus. Æ 22. A.D. 193-211. Obv: AVTOK(ΛCEΠTCEOVHΠEP). Laureate bust right; countermark across face. Rev: CEΛ(EV-KEWNΠI)-EPIAC. Thunderbolt (with fillet attached) on cushion, placed on stool. Ref: BMC 49; Lindgren 2129. Axis: 330°. Weight:8.51 g. CM: SSAV (?) in roughly rectangular punch, 3.5 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 721 (4 pcs). Note: Howgego describes the countermark as uncertain, although it would certainly appear to read SSAV. Collection Automan.Automan
China, Tang Dynasty, Emperor Su Zong, AD 756-763, Large AE 5 Cash (35mm • 14,79gm). Double Rim Reverse.74 viewsO: Qian Yuan Zhong Bao. R: Double rim. Jen 144v. Nice VF with attractive green and earthen patina.
Helios (radiate head right)74 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Gordian III. Æ 30. A.D. 243/244 (Regnal year 6). Obv: AVKMANTΓOPΔIANOC. Laureate head right; countermark on neck. rev: MHTPO-KAICBN, ETS in ex. Agalma of Mt. Argaeus placed on altar. Ref: BMC 342v (date). Axis:165°. Weight:9.92 g. CM: Radiate head of Helios right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 12i (242 pcs). Note: The countermark was most likely applied in 243/244 since there are no countermarked coins from year seven of the reign of Gordian III. Collection Automan.Automan
Severus II, Follis74 viewsHeraclea mint, 6th officina, c. AD 306-307
IMP C FLA VAL SEVERVS P F AVG, Laureate head of Severus II right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia. HTζ at exergue
9.90 gr
Ref : RCV # 14673v, Cohen -
Potator II
Laureate bust and Δ74 viewsBITHYNIA. Nicaea. Maximus. Æ 23. A.D. 235-238. Obv: (ΓI)OVOVHMAΞIMOCK. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) behind bust, (2) on bust. Rev: N(IKAI)-EΩN.Athena seated left, holding figure of Nike in outstretched right hand, shield behind. Ref: BMC -; Weiser 61. Axis: 210°. Weight: 6.94 g. CM(1): Laureate bust right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm.Howgego 65 (130 pcs). Dating of the countermark is problematic, and it seems likely that it was applied over a period of time. CM(2): Δ in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 788. Collection Automan.Automan
10- Nero 2.JPG
Nero As, RIC 35174 viewsAe- As, 66 AD , Rome mint
Obv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM, Laureate head right.
Rev: SC, Victory advancing left holding shield inscribed SP / QR.
28mm, 12.3 grams
RIC 351, Van Meter 32
Galerius74 viewsGalerius AE Follis. 311 AD. GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, llaureate head right / GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius pouring libation from patera, S to left, three vertical dots in right field, MKV in ex. ric 65 Cyzicus3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ancient celtic ring money74 viewsthis is a piece of ancient celtic ring money, c. 800-500 B.C. it is very nice and measures about 19 millimeters.ancientcoins
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius AE Quadrans. RIC 8474 viewsClaudius. 41-54 AD. Æ Quadrans (3.70 gm). Struck 41 AD. TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG,
three-legged modius / PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT around large S·C. RIC I 84
7 commentsHELEN S
Bust right (?) and star in crescent74 viewsCAPPADOCIA. Caesarea. Elagabalus. Æ 35. A.D. 220/221. Obv: (AYTKMAYPHΛIANTWNEINOCCEB) or sim. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, both before bust. Rev: (MHTPOΠOΛ or similar)-KAICAPIA, NEΩKOPON/(ETГ) in two lines in ex. Tyche seated left on throne, holding cornucopia and agalma of Mt. Argaeus (?), on either side urn with palm-branch. Ref: SNG Cop -; SNG Aul - (6502 for obv.). Axis: 360°. Weight: 24.98 g. CM(1): Bust right (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego (?). CM(2): six-pointed star in crescent, in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
Sear 198174 views2 commentsOrthodoxcoins
Septimius Severus 74 views201-210 AD
AR Denarius (18mm, 3.13g)
O: Laureate head right; SEVERVS PIVS AVG.
R: Severus, togate and veiled, standing left holding olive branch; FVNDATOR PACIS.
RSC 205 / RIC 265 / BMC 330-31 / Sear 1753
ex Classica Antiquities
2 commentsEnodia
Turkey, Hierapolis - roman bath74 views(northern bath)Johny SYSEL
Carradice Type II AR Siglos - Time of Darius I to Xerxes I74 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Darius I to Xerxes I. Circa 505-480 BC.
AR Siglos (14mm, 5.28 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, shooting bow / Incuse punch. Carradice Type II (pl. XI, 12); BMC Arabia pl. XXVII, 23. VF, hoard patina.

Provenance: CNG electronic auction 152, Lot: 116.
RIC 38.1 e74 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 330
20x19 2.4gm
AE Follis
Obv. CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG rosette diademed, dr., cuir. bust
Rev. CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE [Constantinian Dafne] Victory seated l. on cippus, palm branch in left hand and laurel branch in right hand, looking r.; trophy at front, at the foot is a kneeling captive with head turned being spurned by Victory
Epsilon in left field, in ex. CONS dot
Not in RIC, but should come after RIC 38. Listed in Speck & Huston.

This coin is mentioned in the footnotes of RIC. "Some coins not with star but with dot in exergue, the dot most likely intended for a star." The authors noted one specimen for officina 'A'.

Speck and Huston in "Constantine's Dafne Coinage" have noted a coin from officina 'B', the only one not footnoted in RIC, so every officina has been filled to match RIC 38. "This mintmark with the dot in exergue matches a coin in gold struck circa 330, suggesting strongly that the issue with dot is from the Gold mint and follows the issue with and without star as a separate issue in this continuous series, deserving of its own listing in RIC, rather than a 'footnote variety'."

Some people think that this coin commemorates a fortress on the Danube, but this seems very unlikely, especially in light of the evidence.

Page about the Dafne Coinage

Vespasian RIC-85074 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 76 AD
RIC 850 (R2), BMC 279, RSC 554
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: IOVIS CVSTOS; Jupiter, bearded, naked, standing facing, sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over low garland altar and holding long vertical sceptre in l.
1 commentsVespasian70
Italy, Sicily - villa Casale - room of the 10 girls in bikinis74 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
501d. Hanniballianus74 viewsHanniballianus. A.D. 335-337.

Dalmatius's second son, Hannibalianus, was appointed Governor of Pontus, as well as Cappadocia and Lesser or Roman Armenia. Hannibalianus also received the title Rex Regum, which some scholars believe suggests that Constantine intended to install him as a client king over Persia once his contemplated campaign against Rome’s eastern enemy was brought to a successful conclusion. In a further gesture of reconciliation between the two branches of the imperial family, Hannibalianus was married to Constantia, one of Constantine's daughters.

Æ 15 mm (1.20 g). Constantinople, as Rex Regum, A.D. 336-337. FL HANNIBALLIANO REG[I], bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right / [SE]CVRITAS PVBLIC[A], river-god Euphrates reclining right, beside urn and reed; [CONSS]. RIC 147; LRBC 1034. Near VF/VF, attractive dark green patina with earthen highlights.
1 commentsecoli
Aiolis, Elaia AR Trihemiobol - Variant Type74 viewsAiolis, Elaia AR Trihemiobol 10mm 1.06g late 5th century BC.
O: Head Athena l. in crested helm.
R: Laurel wreath in shallow incuse, containing ELAI written vertically.
SG - , SNG Cop 164v(hemiobol). _3200
Antonivs Protti
ACHAIA, ACHAEAN LEAGUE, a, (Anonymous) Mid III Century BC.74 views AR Hemidrachm (2.63 gm).
Obv: Head of Zeus of fine style
Rev: Monogram within wreath.
Toned aVF, some porosity.
BCD.374. ex BCD Collection.
Egypt, Nome Arsinoites, Hadrian, Milne 122974 viewsHadrian, AD 117-138
AE - Obol, 4.52g, 19.19mm, o°
126/127 (year 11)
Bust, slightly draped on far shoulder, laureate, r.
rev. ARCI - LIA (year 11)
Head of pharao Amenemhet III r., wearing nemes head-cloth and Uraeus
ref. Milne 1229; Dattari 6210; Emmett 1221; Geissen 3381/3382; BMC 72/73; SNG Copenhagen 1083/1084
rare, good F

The nome coins have been struck in Alexandria for the other districts of Egypt. They are considered as rare. Often they show local deities.
The Arsinoites nome corresponds to the oasis Fayum called crocodile district too. Amenemhet III, a pharao from the 12th dynasty, has cultivated and drained that oasis. A local cult for this pharao was wide spread in Fayum.
The nemes head-cloth is known from the famous bust of Tutenkhamun too.
Anastasius AU Tremissis74 viewsANASTASIUS I. 491-518 AD. AV Tremissis. DN ANASTASIUS PP AVG; Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / : VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM; Victory walking right, head left, holding globus cruciger and wreath; */CONOB.

DOC I 10a; MIB 12; SB 8.

2 commentsTanit
Anastasius Tremissis. 74 viewsAnastasius AV Tremissis. D N ANASTASIVS P P AVG, diademed draped bust right / VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head turned left, holding wreath and globus cruciger, star in field right, CONOB in ex.

Sear 4410
Antoninus Pius Didrachm, Caesaria, Cappadocia, 139 AD74 viewsANTWNEINOC CEBACTOC
Laureate bust, right
Mt. Argaeus with nude figure of Helios at summit holding scepter and globe
Ex. star
Sydenham, Caesarea 301c var.; Metcalf, Caesarea 124b.
5.51 g
1 commentswhitetd49
Arcadius- salus reipublicae.jpg
Arcadius- salus reipublicae74 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

There seems to be a double strike close to his face, or some faults of the engraver.

SALVS REIPVBLICAE, The health of the republic

SALVS: Health

Dot in left field

Victory advancing left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left

Domination: Copper AE 4, size 12 mm.

Mint: ALEA, Alexandria Δ= delta f14th Officina. RICIX20c (388-392) or as RICIX23b (a second emission 15 May 392 - 6 Sep 394 A.D)
They are impossible to distinguish.

The coin is considered VF (Very fine).
1 commentsJohn Schou
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AE-Coin, U-114, #0174 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AE-Coin, U-114, #01
avers:- REX BELA REX STS, Emperors, seated facing, holding orb and scepter.
revers:- SANCTA MARIA, Nimbate Madonna facing the front, scepter in right hand, infant Jesus in left. Two crosses above.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23,0 mm, weight: 1,98g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-114_CNH-1-098_Huszar-072, Toth-Kiss sigla-variation-,
D1. Thessalonica RIC VII, 28 R474 viewsAe3 2.8 gm 18 mm Struck: 318-319 Mark: •TS•A•
Laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust, right.
Legend (in three lines) and mintmark, all within wreath.
Comment: Retains considerable silver. Virtually the textbook example for the note in RIC in regard to the dots.
2 commentsMassanutten
Magna Graecia, Bruttium, SNG von Aulock 2674 viewsAR - drachm, 21mm, 4.39g
struck 214/213-211 BC, during Hannibal's campaign in southern Italy after the
Battle of Cannae
obv. Bust of Hera Lakinia, veiled and wearing polos, sceptre over l. shoulder, fly
rev. Zeus, nude, stg. l., r. foot set on Ionic column, holding sceptre in l. hand;
before him eagle flying l., holding wreat in talons
ANG von Aulock 26; HN Italy 1970; Scheu 84; Arslan dies 28/33'
VF, dark toned

The Brettii were the allies of Hannibal against the Romans hoping to get their liberty when he has won the war. But after the defeat of Hannibal they lost all of their freedom.
For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'!
5 commentsJochen
Julian II AE1 bull NIK74 viewsAE1 28.5x29.5mm
Bust right, bearded and diademed
Bull striding right on line, two stars above.
Ex. NIK gamma
Nicomedia mint, third officina.

Most of the bulls on these coins are static, but this one is definitely moving right along.
1 commentsgparch
04 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - 'Venus Victrix'74 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.2 grams - 26mm.

*Notes: Well struck and well centered coin on a very large flan.
Take a look at the detail on the
shield Venus is standing next to on the reverse.
4 commentsrexesq
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 196, Rome, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Salus seated left,74 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 196, Rome, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Salus seated left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P, Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar and holding cornucopia.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 212 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-196, p-240,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 254, Rome, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Apollo standing left, 74 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 254, Rome, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Apollo standing left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Apollo standing left, holding branch and lyre on column.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 01h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-254, p-248, C-282,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 120, Rome, ADVENT AVGG, Galley left, Scarce!,74 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 120, Rome, ADVENT AVGG, Galley left, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- ADV-ENT-AV-G-G, Galley left with rowers and passengers .
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-120, p-230, C-3,
Caracalla/Pan and Panther74 views197 - 217 AD
AE 26mm 10.81g
Caracalla, Laureate Head R
Pan stg facing L, hldg pedum in R hand and lionskin over L shoulder, L foot on panther

Hadrianopolis, Thrace Jurokova S. 170 Rare
Celtic, AR-Tetradrachm, Kugelwange-type, #0474 viewsCeltic, AR-Tetradrachm, Kugelwange-type, #04
avers: - Zeus head right.
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above.
exerg: ,
diameter: mm,
weight: g,
axes: h,
mint: ,
date: ,
ref: ,
CHINA - REPUBLIC74 viewsCHINA - REPUBLIC AE 10 cash, 1916. KM#324.1 commentsdpaul7
Phrygia, Apameia, Tyche / Hekate Triformis, AE1674 viewsAE16, 2.35g, 2nd century AD
obv: AΠAMEIA, turreted and draped bust of Tyche right
rev: CΩΤΕΙΡΑ, Hekate Triformis, three-figured, each with double-chiton and wearing kalathos, holding torches
SNG v. Aulock 3475, SNG Leypold II 1438
2 commentsareich
Maximian Coded - gamma with lamba I - Siscia - RIC 58074 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F); Maximianus standing left pouring a sacrifice from patina in right hand while holding a sceptre in left & Hercules pouring a sacrifice from a patina in right hand while leaning on a club in left hand; with XXI gamma dot lamba I dot in ex. 1 commentscscoppa
Claudius & Messalina Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 3 = AD 42/374 viewsClaudius & Messalina Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 3 = AD 42/3
O: TI KΛAΩΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP, laureate head of Claudius right, LΓ in lower right field
R: MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column, holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
26mm 12.30g RPC 5113.
2 commentscasata137ec
CLAUDIUS Denarius, RIC 39, Nemesis74 viewsOBV: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right
REV: PACI AVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis advancing right, drawing out fold of robe at neck, holding caduceus above serpent preceding her
3.6g, 19mm

Minted at Rome, 46-7 AD
7 commentsLegatus
Claudius, 41 - 54 AD74 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP IMP, bare head of Claudius facing left.

Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI - S C, Constantia helmeted, standing left, right hand raised holding scepter in left.

Copper As, Rome mint, 41-42 AD

11.8 grams, 28.2 mm, 180°

RIC I 95, S1857, VM 15
2 commentsSPQR Coins
Tiribazos type 2Dd stater (cilician siglos)74 viewsCILICIA, Mallos. Tiribazos-Orontes, 386-380 BC. Circa 385-375 BC. AR Stater (22mm, 9.84 g, 12h).
O: Head of Aphrodite right wearing earring and necklace, hair bound in ampyx and sphendone /
R: Head of satrap right, wearing Persian headdress. SNG Levante 151; SNG France 392; Casabonne type 2Dd.

Provenance: CNG
1 commentsCaffaro
Helena, Trier74 viewsHelena,Mother of Constantine I
Bronze Folles

diademed, mantled with necklace

Securitas standing left, holding branch, raising robe with right hand

PTRE Treveri mint- first officina, A.D. 327-328

RIC 515
3 commentsarizonarobin
Constantine, Two Captives74 viewsCONSTANT-INVS AVG
helmeted and cuirassed bust of Constantine facing right

standard inscribed VOT XX, two bound captives below, S-F and ligated HL in fields

ASIS(star within crescent)
Siscia mint, minted ca.320 AD, RIC 127
Fully Silvered

Okay not in my collecting area but some coins you just fall in love with =)
2 commentsarizonarobin
Constantius II RIC VIII Cyzicus 10274 viewsAE 4.0grams 18-20 mm
OBV :: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG. Laureate,. draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO. Emperor spearing fallen horseman. Horseman is wearing prygian helmet, and is reaching. Dot S Dot in left field
EX :: SMK Gamma
REF :: RIC VIII Cyzicus 102
RIC rated C2
from uncleaned lot 12/2010
Sear 1176 - Follis - 674-681 AD - Constantinople mint - 5th officina74 viewsEmperor: Constantine IV (r. 668-685 AD)
Date: 674-681 AD
Condition: aEF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ][ - ][
Bust 3/4 facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and diadem, the ties of which are visible to left. In right hand, spear held behind head; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, cross; To left and right, Heraclius and Tiberius, each wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger; Beneath, .

Constantinople mint, fifth officina
DO 31c; Sear 1176
15.90g; 33.8mm; 180°
3 commentsPep
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//BSIS•, FEL•TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix,74 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//BSIS•, FEL•TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix,
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP-REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//BSIS•, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366,
1 commentsquadrans
Constantine Virtvs Exercit.jpg
VIRTVS EXERCIT- RIC Aquileia 4874 viewsConstantine I

obv: CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
rev: VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT XX on standard, with two captives

S-F in fields, AQP in exergue- Aquileia mint, Prime officina

RIC VII Aquileia 48
Constantine I the Great74 viewsAncient Constantinopolis Commemorative
330-346 AD

2 commentsmihali84
Cnaeus Cornelius Blasio Cn.f74 viewsObv: Head of Mars (sometimes referenced as Scipio Africanus) facing right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet, XVI in monogram above, CN BLASIO CN F before, caduceus behind.

Rev: The Capitoline Triad: Jupiter holding a scepter and a thunderbolt standing facing between Juno on the left and Minerva on the right, the latter crowns Jupiter with a laurel wreath, ROMA in exergue.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 112 - 111 BC

4 grams, 19 mm, 270°

RSC Cornelia 19, S173
1 commentsSPQR Coins
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 121, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath, 74 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 121, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath,
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ X with in.
exergo: -/-//TS-Δ-VI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-121, p-512,
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 256,-/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1!74 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 256,-/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1!
avers:- FL-DELMATIVS-NOB-C, 10,B4, laureate draped bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with one standards between them with O on banner.
exergo: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 1,48g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC-VII-256, p-458, R1!,
Serrate Denarius C. Sulpicius C.f. Galba - Cr. 312/174 viewsC. Sulpicius C.f. Galba. 106 BC. AR Serrate Denarius. obv.: Conjoined laureate heads of the Dei Penates left. Rev.: Two soldiers swearing oath over a sow; F above.
Gr. 3,9 mm. 18x19,2 - Cr. 312/1, Grueber 1314 (91 B.C.), Sear 189
1 commentsMaxentius
74 views168. Silver denarius, 3.44g, Rome, 13 Sept.-31 Dec. 83A.D., Carradice 83.2, RIC 37, BMC 43, RSC 604
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right
TR POT II COS VIIII DES X P P, Minerva 3, Ex. H.D. Rauch

The only occasion on which I found an obverse die match between coins with different Minerva types - see coin below. Since such links are virtually inexistent, and the style is clearly grouped around each reverse type, Prof. Carradice rightfully assumed that each reverse type was struck in its own separated officina. This seems to be the exception that confirms the rule. It is interesting that their style is very unusual, but they are certainly ancient and made of solid silver. Another detail is related to the bust type which is more of a "right shoulder forward" type instead of the usual simple head.
14 - 02 - Virreynato CARLOS IV (1788 -1806) 74 views"Cuartillo"
1/4 de Real de Plata Ley 903
13 mm

Anv: Castillo con 1808(fecha) debajo, PTSmonograma POTOSÍ(ceca)en campo izq. y 1/4 (Valor) en campo der.

Rev: Anepigrafa León rampante a izquierda.

Acuñada: 1808
Ensayador: Pedro Narciso de Mazondo.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC(1801-1900) KM#82 Pag.95 - #B-418
Diocletian, Concordia Militvm.jpg
XXI in exergue, A above- Antioch mint
RIC 306

Much silvering remaining, but blends in with patina.
Domitian. AD 81-96 (Struck AD 90-91). Æ Dupondius Virtus standing right.74 viewsDomitian. AD 81-96 (Struck AD 90-91). Æ Dupondius Radiate head right / Virtus standing right. RIC II 393; BMCRE 446; BN -; Cohen 657Adrian W
Domitian Rome-for-Antioch As SC in wreath74 viewsObv.

SC in wreath

23mm 6.05 g
4 commentsancientdave
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V092174 viewsDomitian as Caesar 70-81 A.D.. AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 76 A.D.* (3.34g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR A[VG F] DOMITIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: COS IIII, Pegasus right. RIC II V921, BMC V193, RSC 47. Ex HBJ.
*Domitian did not become COS V until early 77 A.D., but most coins with COS IIII belong to 76 A.D.

A common coin of Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian, this reverse still calls to me. Used by the Flavians for the first time in 76 A.D., the Pegasus reverse copies an earlier type from Augustus. Using earlier types from popular emperors, as well as the republic, was a hallmark of Flavian coinage.
3 commentsLucas H
Domitian(us) as Caesar74 viewsDomitian, denarius.
RIC II 921 (Vespasian), RSC 47.
Rome mint, 76 A.D.
Obv. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, right.
Rev. COS IIII, winged Pegasus, standing right with raising left foreleg.

The usual descriptions say that Pegasus is'stepping right', but he isn't moving at all – just raising one foreleg – although this does vary from coin to coin. Perhaps Pegasus is greeting Domitian, who was quite willing to link himself to Minerva, the goddess who produced the golden bridle that tamed Pegasus (source: What I like about ancient coins).

I couldn't resist this one! An attractive portrait of the young caesar and a charming reverse.
1 commentsMarsman
THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, The Mygdones or Krestones. Circa 480-470 BC.74 viewsAR Diobol (1.0 gm).

THRACO-MACEDONIAN TRIBES, The Mygdones or Krestones. Circa 480-470 BC. AR Diobol (1.0 gm). Goat kneeling right, head reverted; solid rosette above, pellet to right / Quadripartite incuse square. Lorber, Goats, Issue 6; AMNG III 14 (Aigai); HPM pl. III, 16; Traité pl. XLIX, 8; SNG ANS -.
2 commentsDino
Nice Electrum Hekte74 viewsPhokaia -- Electrum Hekte (2.6 g). c. 477-388 BC. Head of Athena left, wearing Attic hemet decorated with griffin. Reverse: Quadripart incuse. Bodenstedt 91. Head of Athena left, wearing Attic hemet decorated with griffin. Reverse: Quadripart incuse. Bodenstedt 91. 1 commentsfeatherz
fausta74 viewsFausta, AE3, 326 A.D.
19mm x 20mm, 3.29g
Ob: FLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG, Mantled bust right, wearing necklace, hair waved and tucked in small bun at base of head
Rv: SPES REIP_VBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II as children
Ex: SMHA pellet (Heraclea, Officina 1)
Partially silvered surfaces. Some light cleaning marks visible in fields
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #174 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #1
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSA, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-519, R3 !!!,
Faustina Mater RIC III, 35374 viewsFaustina Mater, died 141, wife of Antoninus Pius
AR - Denar, 3.63g, 18.8mm
Rome 141 - 161 (struck after her death under Antoninus Pius)
draped bust r., typical pearled hair-do
draped throne with sceptre leaning on it, peacock before
RIC III, 353; C.61
nice EF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Peacock, the bird of Juno, here as symbol of divination
Ferdinand & Isabella74 viewsCoin 11

Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille united Spain and captured the beautiful Moorish city of Granada, thus completing the Reconquista of Spain in 1492. After the fall of the last Muslim kingdom, they turned their attention to exploration. This resulted in the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The settlement of America by Christians and not Muslims meant the war between Christian and Muslim civilization was strategically won by the Christians.

The story of Spain ends here. But the struggle between the two civilizations continue in Eastern and Central Europe. See next coin.
Bow, Enamelled Bow Fibula #07274 viewsBow, Enamelled Bow Fibula #072
Early Bow Fibula with Enamel Pieces
size: 39x19x18mm,
weight: 8,69g,
date: A.D.,
France, St Romain-en-Gal74 viewsfrescoes and mosaicsvacationchick
Macedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #174 viewsMacedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #1
Avers:- Helmeted head of Athena right,
Revers: - ΠΕΛΛ above and -ΗΣ below, bull grazing right.
exerg: ,
diameter: 19 mm,
weight: g,
axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Pella,
date: 168-158 B.C.,
ref: SNG Cop 266, Moushmov 6453; BMC 76.,
Vespasian (69-79 CE), Æ21, Gadara in the Syrian Decapolis74 viewsBronze, 21mm, 11 gr. Dated Year 135=71/72 CE.

Obverse: OYECΠACIA-N-OC KAICAP; laureate head right [cm: bust of Tyche right]
Reverse: ΓΑΔΑΡΑ; Tyche standing left holding wreath & cornucopiae, date LΕΛΡ to left.

Countermark: Tyche, head right. (Howgego #206)

Reference: RPC 2093; Sear GIC 738; Spijkerman 26; SNG ANS 6, 1300.

Added to collection: October 1, 2006
Daniel Friedman
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 207c, Siscia, GENIO AVGVSTI,74 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 207c, Siscia, GENIO AVGVSTI,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, crescent left field, stigma right field.
exergo: SIS, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 6,35g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 310-311 A.D., ref: RIC-207c-6th-officina,
1 commentsquadrans
Gallienus, RIC V(1)-654.F Asian (Antioch)74 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Antioch mint, 260-268 A.D.
22mm, 4.78g
RIC V(1)-654, RSCv.4-920

Radiate and cuirassed bust right

* in left field
Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear.
090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 118corr, MIR-806o., Viminacium, CONCOR MIL, Concordia standing looking left,74 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 118corr, MIR-806o., Viminacium, CONCOR MIL, Concordia standing looking left,
avers:- IMP-C-P-LIC-GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- CONCOR-MIL, Concordia standing looking left, holding cornucopia and raising robe.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,06g, axis: 0h,
mint: Viminacium, 2nd emission, date: 254-255 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-118corr, p-, RSC-118corr, MIR-806o.,
Vota Orbis74 viewsicos
ENGLAND - GEORGE I74 viewsGeorge I - Rev.: Britannia seated. 1719 1/2 PENNY - G. KM-557dpaul7
Gratian RIC IX, Alexandria 6(a)74 viewsGratian AD 367-383, son of Valentinian I
AE - AE 2, 4.94g, 18.5mm
Alexandria 1th officina 9 Aug. 378 - 25 Aug. 383
Helmeted (with pearl-diadem), draped and cuirassed, r., holding spear and
shield in front.
Emperor stg. facing, head r., on ship, raising r. hand. Victory seated at helm.
in field: l. wreath
exergue: ALEA
RIC IX, Alexandria 6(a); C.25
VF, rest of silvering (yellowish!)
added to

Revers legend blundered to GLORAI RO - MANORVM (Thanks Gert!)
3 commentsJochen
Achain league, Pallantion Ar Tetrobol74 views1st cent. BC
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus.
Rev.: Monogram of the Achaian League.
BCD Peloponnesos 1593.2
2 commentsMinos
Pontos, Amisos, during the reign of Mithridates VI., Circa 120-63 B.C., AE-20mm, Sword in sheath,74 viewsPontos, Amisos, during the reign of Mithridates VI., Circa 120-63 B.C., AE-20mm, Sword in sheath,
avers:- Helmeted head of Mars right.
revers:- AMI-ΣOY, Sword in sheath.
exerg: - ,
diameter: 20mm,
weight: 7,88g,
axes: 11h,
mint: Pontos, Amisos ,
date: Circa 120-63 B.C., During the reign of Mithridates VI.,
ref: SNG BMC Black Sea 1148,
Macedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #274 viewsMacedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #2
Avers:- Helmeted head of Athena right,
Revers: - ΠΕΛΛ above and -ΗΣ below, bull grazing right.
exerg: ,
diameter: 19 mm,
weight: g,
axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Pella,
date: 168-158 B.C.,
ref: SNG Cop 266, Moushmov 6453; BMC 76.,
Price 110 c74 viewsAlexander III the Great
Amphipolis 323-320 BC

Obverse:Head of Herakles as Alexander the great right wearing lions skin
Reverse:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ;Zeus Aetophoros on throne; Bow and quiver left throne

25.74mm 17.12g
3 commentsmaik
Maximianus Herculius AV Aureus74 viewsMaximianus Herculius AV Aureus. Cyzicus mint. 293 AD. MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / CONCORDIAE AVGG NN, Emperors seated l., each holding globe and parazonium, corned by Victory. RIC 601


Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel 66 (1984), 847.
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
1 commentsTrajan
hadrian as-clementia.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck after 132 AD74 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS (draped bust right)
rev: CLEMENTIA AVG PP (Clementia standing left holding patera and scepter), COS III in ex. S.C. in field
ref: RIC II 714, C.223
10.38gms, 27mm
1 commentsberserker
Hadrian, AR denarius74 viewsOptimus
251 AD - Hostilian - Viminacium - Moesia with Lion and Bull Reverse74 viewsEmperor: Hostilian (r. 251 AD)
Date: 251 AD
Condition: aFine
Size: AE26

Imperator Caesar Valens Hostilian Messius Quintus Emperor
Bust right; laureate

Reverse: P M S C-OL VIM
Moesia standing between a lion (right) and a bull (left).
Exergue: ANXII (Year 12 of the Colonial Era of Viminacium = 251 AD)

Mint: Viminacium, Moesia Superior
12.64g; 26.7mm; 345°
HUNGARY - Solomon74 viewsHUNGARY - Solomon (1063-1074) Silver Coin. Obv.: +REX SALOMOИI Bust facing, cross in left hand. Rev.: In 3 lines: +PA / NON / IA Reference: Huszar #17, Unger #10.dpaul7
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor74 viewsscene of the Good Shepherd with the Mystic Flock
Christ is portrayed as a beardless young man bearing the lost lamb upon his shoulders. In one hand he holds the syrinx, symbol of the gentless he takes cere of his flock with.
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Japan. Shogunate.74 viewsHartill 4.253, Jones (1984) 205, Jones (2007) 295, KM C 4.2 var.

4 mon (cast copper alloy), from 1769 (Meiwa 11), Edo Fukagawa mint, 28 mm. This variety is known as fuei (looking down ei) because the second stroke of the ei character is slightly slanted down. There are subvarieities of fuei.

Obv: Kanei tsuho.

Rev: Eleven waves.

Kanei Tsuho coins were first cast in small quantities in 1626 in Mito, but in 1636, the Tokugawa government ordered that large quantities be cast, and distributed model coins to private subcontractors in locations throughout Japan. By the 1650’s 16 different locations were casting these coins. When the Kanei era ended in 1643 the legend was kept in use until the 1860’s. In the early 1700’s copper mines began to be exhausted in Japan and it gradually became too expensive to manufacture copper coins. In response, the government authorized the casting of iron coins in 1739. Copper alloy coins continued to be made but were frequently of less weight and lower quality. The Tokugawa government first commissioned a Kanei Tsuho coin valued at 4 mon in 1768. The first version was made at the Fukagawa mint in Edo and had a design of 21 waves on the reverse. In 1769 the design changed to have only 11 waves and all subsequent versions used the 11 wave design. It was not much larger than a 1 mon coin so it was cost effective to produce.

Attribution assistance courtesy of Eric Crawford and Diego M. Santos
Sear 1260 - Follis - 694-695 AD (Year 10) - Constantinople mint - 3rd officina (unlisted)74 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 694-695 AD (Year 10)
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ]SP
Bust facing, with short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, and holding globus cruciger; in field to right, cross.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, X; Beneath, .
Exergue: CON

Constantinople mint, third officina
Sear 1260 (unlisted officina)
3.27g; 19.8mm; 105°
PORTUGAL - Joao I74 viewsPORTUGAL - Joao I (1385-1433) 1/2 Real de 10 Soldos, Lisboa Mint. Obv.: Crowned IhNS, "L" below. IhNS.DEI.GRA.REX. Rev.: Portuguese arms in 4-lobed border; +PORTVGALIE ET A. Reference: A GOmes 17.02.dpaul7
60-46 BC Juba I of Numidia74 viewsREX IVBA
Diademed and draped bust right, sceptre over shoulder

Neo-punic inscription, octastyle temple

Utica, Mauretania
60-46 BC

Mazard 85

Double stuck

1 commentsJay GT4
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