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Italy - Mint Neapolis - BC 350/37068 views1 commentsRugser
Nero AE sestertius, temple of Janus with closed doors 68 viewsNero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 24.64 g). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Temple of Janus with closed doors to left hung with garland and latticed window to right. RIC I 2681 commentsmattpat
New Zealand.jpg
New Zealand68 viewsKm31 - 1 Cent - 1975
Km32 - 2 cents - 1982
Km7 - 3 Pence - 1943
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1988
Daniel F
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 13.09g, 27.80mm, 30°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Nike, winged, in slow biga advancing r., holding reins in r. hand and in raised l.
hand wreath and Palm branch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1546 var. (1 ex., Rollin, wreath not mentioned)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3093 var. (has ICTRW in ex.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare (R6), nice dark green patina
ex coll. Pete Burbules
4 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 12.21g, 26.74mm, 45°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
laureate head r.
river god (Istros?), laureate, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., resting l. arm on
rocks (or urn) from which water flows, holding with r. hand tree with four
foliate twigs.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1310 (3 ex., Paris, Wien, Chaix)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2719
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare, VF, dark-green patina

This ex. has clearly NEIPOT on the rev. legend. Others are known with NEIPO or NEIKOP obviously corrected from NEIPOT (Pick).
1 commentsJochen
Siege of Zierikzee, silver klippe of 48 Stuiver, Emission of July 157668 viewsObverse: • + •/• REGIÆ/MAT• RECON/CILIATA • ZI/RIZEA • ZA•/• IVLY • AO/• 1576 • in seven lines across field; all within reeded border
Reverse: Blank
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,68 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 467var, Siscia, Γ//XXI, Bust-F, VIRTVS AVG G, Numerian and Carinus,
avers:- IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VIRTVS-A-VG-G, Numerian and Carinus holding Victory on Globe.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. off, date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 467var (F), p-202, (RIC described this coin in Antioch, and not in F bust!).
First_RIC 868 viewsThe slightly draped bust dies are few in number. This obverse die was used to mint at least RIC 3, RIC 4, RIC 7 and RIC 8 coins. There is no reason to believe that the draped bust coins formed a special issue.1 commentsjmuona
OTTOKAR II L-68a.jpg
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King68 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig, Vienna Mint. Obv.: Small cross in foliage ring. Rev.: Crowned lion left, border of stars. Luschin #68a. dpaul7
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King68 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Panther left with sword. Rev.: Ibex right. Reference: Luschin 71a.dpaul7
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Caesarea Maritima mint AE 2868 viewsBust r. radiate
Apollo nude holding branch, panther at his feet
URBS ROMA (ARLES)68 views330 - 340 AD
AE 17 mm 2.45 g
RIC 373 (R4)
(ex G.Clark)
1 commentslaney
Athena * Protome Horse - Pharsalos, Thessaly – AR Hemidrachm * 480-450 BC.68 views
Athena * Horse head - Pharsalos, silver half-drachm.

Obv: Athena in Attic-styled crested helmet facing right.
Rev: Protome of horse facing right within incuse square. ΦΑΡ, vertical in right field.

Exergue: None

Mint: Pharsalos
Struck: 480-450 BC.

Size: 14.64 x 12.80 (oblong flan)
Weight: 2.65 gms.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Beautifully worn.

SNG Cop. 218
Sear, GC. Vol. I, p. 209; 2187

Status: TCJH, Private Collection
Greek, Thrace, Mesembria, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm.68 views Mesembria mint (Thrace). Struck 250-175 BC. Obv.: Head of Herakles right in lionskins. Rev.: Zeus seated left with eagle & scepter; IДИ and Corinthian helmet left, monogram under throne.2 commentsseleukoy
Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius68 viewsRoman Republic • Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius
3.63g, 5h, Rome Mint.
Laureate Head of Jupiter right, SC behind/Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, palm frond and wreath, B below horses.
Crawford 364/1dSydenham 742b, Antonia 1.
CNG grade: Superb EF, lightly toned. My annotation: Reverse struck off center.
Larry M2
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0368 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Poland - Groszy68 viewsY276 - 1 Grosz - 2000
Yaa47 - 10 Groszy - 1968–MW
Y280 - 20 Groszy - 1991
Y13 - 50 Groszy - 1923
Daniel F
Amisos, Pontos, AE 19; Ares/ sword in sheath with strap68 viewsPontos, Amisos, under Mithradates VI, AE19. Mithradates VI Eupator 120-63 B.C. 19mm, 7.6g. Obverse: helmeted head of Ares right. Reverse: sword in sheath with strap, monograms. Attribution: BMC p.17, #46. Ex areich, photo credit areich1 commentsPodiceps
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC 74.jpg
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC V/2 7468 viewsAnt, 22mm, 3.58g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MINER FAVTR, Minerva running L with olive branch and spear and shield.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 2.

RIC 74, Common.
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,68 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: IMP-C-POSTVMVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENT-IA-AVG, Providentia standing left,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5 mm, weight: 2,45g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 263-265 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-323-p-,
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear. (F-var with spear, Not in RIC)
revers:- _VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, holding sceptre and crowning trophy; to left, captive.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 243 var (Not in RIC), p-42,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-7, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Z•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-2-7, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Z•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Z•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotted series" 7th officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Unspecified Eastern mint, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter with victory,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-1, Unspecified Eastern mint, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A•//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter with victory,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A•//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 4,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Unspecified Eastern mint, 3rd. em., "dotted series" 1st. off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922-1, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-C, A//XXI, Female and Emperor, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 925-4-1, Antioch, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-C, A//XXI, Female and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Female standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 20,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 6h,
mint: Antioch, date: 281 A.D., 4th. emiss., 1st., off., ref: RIC V-II 925, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
Egypt, Alexandria, 112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, Eagle left, L-Z, across the field,68 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, Eagle left, L-Z, across the field,
avers:- A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Z, across the field.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 7,38g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 281-282 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3155, Dattari-5555, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.38-p340,
EGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos68 viewsEGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 B.C.) Year Δ (267 BC) Bronze Denomination E. Obv.: Horned head of deified Alexander in elephant headdress right; dotted border. Rev.: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on right. Eagle with spread wings standing left on thunderbolt, head left. Dotted border. Central depression on reverse. Delta between legs. References: SV-439; SNG Cop. 158. dpaul7
Ptolemy XII, tetradrachm68 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysos, 80 - 51 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1839; BMC 117, 35; SNG Cop 396, gVF, toned, Paphos mint, 13.683 g, 25.9 mm, 0o, 52 - 51 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I or XII? right, wearing aegis; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, date “IKQ” (year 29) and crown of Isis left, “PA ” right. Ptolemy XII was a weak and unpopular ruler. He was awarded the belittling title Auletes - the flute player. Disposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, the famous Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. Minted under Roman supervision. About 33% silver. ex FORVM1 commentsPodiceps
Achaea. Messinia, Pylos. Caracalla AE22. Terminal figure.68 viewsPeloponnesus. Pylos, Messenia. Caracalla. AD 198-217. Æ Assarion 22mm.
Obv: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PYL[IWN] Terminal figure veiled and closely draped, holds in r. end of garment.
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.106 Type G1, KM 387.168 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The east branch coins havea six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11
Schjöth 1466, Hartill 6.58-59 Type B1, KM 39068 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1740-1745 [?], Board of Works mint (in Beijing), 25 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

Type B coins have smaller characters than Type A coins, a Z yi, a closed head tong, a round head boo, and no privy marks. Type B1 coins have a broad rims, a distinct gap between the os of boo, and a diameter around 25 mm.

Hartill rarity 11
1 commentsStkp
Rabbel II and Gamilat (1)68 viewsjuggate busts of Rabbel and Gamilat
reverse: aramaic legend "Rabbel/Gamilath" in 2 lines
similar to Meshorer 163?
Kwangtung 68 viewsBoo-Guwang
Kwangtung Province
Daniel F
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49468 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 130t img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 041 var.68 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field / IIII in exe), Emission 8, Officina 4, between June and July A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 74, RIC Unlisted 41 var. Bastien 120. Bust Type C, not listed with this officina
RI 132ev img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 731 - Bust Type F (Siscia) (II / XXI)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Victory standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear
Minted in Siscia (II in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 9 Officina 2. A.D. 282
Reference:– Alföldi type 57, n° 90. RIC 731 Bust type F
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 323 Bust type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– CONCORD AVG, Concordia standing right, holding two ensigns and facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 323 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (Δ) (unlisted issue mark for mint)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (Δ in exe)
Reference:– RIC 864 var. Bust type H (This series of emission marks is not documented in RIC or Pink for this mint)
There is growing evidence that this coin is part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.
A nicely struck coin with lots of detail and plenty of silvering.
RI 155b img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Heraclea 017 (MHTΔ)68 viewsObv:– IMP LICINIVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing Imperial mantle and holding mappa, sceptre and globe
Rev:– PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Campgate with 3 turrets, no door, 2 stars above, 7 rows of bricks
Minted in Heraclea (MHTΔ in exe.) in A.D. 317
References:– RIC VII Heraclea 17 (R2)
Septimius Severus Denarius RIC 43368 viewsEmesa mint, Septimius Severus Denarius, 195 A.D. AR 17mm 2.25g, RIC 433, RSC 659, BMC 406
O: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
R: TR P III IMP V COS II, Parthian captive seated right, hands bound, amidst arms
3 commentscasata137ec
Vespasian RIC-51468 viewsAR Denarius, 3.32g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C), BMC 101, RSC 516
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
Acquired from Sergey Nechayev, September 2010.

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
RIC 0588 Vespasianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS, Laureate head left
Rev : AEQVITAS AVGVST / S - C, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left
AE/As (27.47 mm 10.60 g 6h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 588 (R), BMCRE unlisted, BNF unlisted
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0609 Domitianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC - SVF P D on platform; S-C in exergue; Domitian seated left on platform, extending right hand to citizen, standing right, extending right hand also; between them, child standing right, raising hands; in background, four-column temple
AE/Sestertius (35.89 mm 21.59 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D.
RIC 609 (C), BMCRE 428, BNF 462
ex CNG eAuction 361 Lot 922
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
47568 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
668 viewsPostumus
AE 42 mm
Trier Mint (?)
1 commentsmauseus
Rome 28468 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
Rome, Lead Seal, #16,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #16,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #17,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #17,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #18,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #18,quadrans
RPC-1970-Vespasian68 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.25g
Antioch mint, 69 AD
RPC 1970 (9 spec.)
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY A; Eagle with wreath in beak standing, l. on club; in l. field, palm branch
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, October 2014.

Vespasian was proclaimed emperor in Alexandria Egypt on 1 July 69 and the legions in Antioch followed suit a week or so later. "At Antioch gold and silver currencies were struck" according to Tacitus in 'The Histories' - and here is one of those coins. Struck between mid July and 30 September 69 this early tetradrachm was probably minted to help finance Vespasian's rise to the purple. These issues are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were also used to pay the legions stationed there involved with crushing the ongoing Jewish revolt. This coin even now has some of the Judaean dirt still clinging to it.

Struck in good 'Antioch' style the coin is better in hand than my feeble attempt at photography would otherwise indicate.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
JULIUS CAESAR (d. 44 BC), AR denarius, struck February-March 44 BC, moneyer C. Cossutius Maridianus68 viewsObverse- Wreathed and veiled head of Caesar right, DICT IN PERPETVO behind, CAESAR before.
Reverse- moneyer's name with Venus standing left, holding Victory and resting elbow on shield on globe.

RSC10, 19mm, 3.17g.

NGC VG ("bankers marks", Strike 3/5, Surface 2/5), cert. #4095350-001.
Ex- Imperial Coins & Artifacts, January 2011, through VCoins store (purchased raw).
Comments: This coin might be an "ugly duckling", but it's got a ton of history. When it came time to pursue a Twelve Caesars collection, I knew that nothing but a lifetime portrait issue of Caesar would do for me, though I probably could have had one of those interesting "elephants" or a more attractive "goddess head" design in better condition for less. This time I chose historical significance over eye appeal. This coin would have been struck just before Caesar's assassination on the fateful Ides of March, perhaps in that very month. It wasn't easy finding one within my $500/coin budgetary ceiling at the time, but this one came in under that price... barely.
4 commentslordmarcovan
NERO (54-68 AD), AE dupondius, Victory, struck ca. 64 AD68 viewsObverse- NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P, radiate head right.
Reverse- VICTORIA AVGVSTI/ S-C, Victory flying left, holding wreath, II (mark of value) in exergue.
RIC 196 (?), 34.5 mm, 15.5 g.
Ex- Mike R. Vosper Coins, UK, November 2011, through eBay.
Comments: Here's a thick and chunky orichalcum dupondius with some of the brassy color showing. I just liked the look of it. What's fun is that the rendering of Victory's wing makes it look like a space shuttle is flying behind her and is about to whack her in the head! Just imagine what flights of fancy some "ancient aliens" theorists could come up with, using this coin as "evidence"!
2 commentslordmarcovan
S1086 DA DING.jpg
CHINA - JIN DYNASTY - DA DING68 viewsJin (Tartar) Dynasty - Emperor Shi Zong (1161-1190) -- Da Ding reign (1178-1189) Cash. S-1086. H-18.42.dpaul7
Billion trachy lg module, clipped type 0 SB 203568 viewsObverse: Christ stg on dias fr. hand raised in benediction
Reverse: Emperor wearing stemma, short military tunic, breastplate, sagion holding labarum in r. and gl cr. in l.
Mint: Constantinople
Date:1230- 1260 CE
Sear 2035 Hendy type O attributed mostly to Baldwin de Courtenai by Malloy et al
18mm .51gm
Artabanos I68 viewstetradrachm, 127 - 124 BC
Sellwood 21.4v

Also listed at
2 commentsRobert L3
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 274, Antioch, AR-Denarius, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left,68 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 274, Antioch, AR-Denarius, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left,
avers:-IMP-C-M-AVR-SEV-ALEXAND-AVG, Laureate draped bust right.
revers: AEQVITAS-AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia; "star" in left field.
exerg: */-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 222 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-274, p-92, RSC-11, Sear5-7856
2 commentsquadrans
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 19268 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.18g, 20mm
Rome issue 9, AD 228
head laureate r.
Felicitas draped, standing front, head l., sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over
garlanded altar l., and holding long caduceus vertically in l. hand.
RIC IV/3, 192; C.45 (Paris); BMC 498
EF, mint state with luster, wonderful reverse
added to
1 commentsJochen
(0222) Severus Alexander (unlisted)68 views222 - 235 AD
Struck 228 AD
AE Dupondius 24 mm 8.86 g
Obv: RIM CAES...
Rad. Dr. Bust R
Pax adv. L holding palm branch and scepter
(Rome) Not listed in RIC or BMC
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, C1!,68 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 161, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, C1!,
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-C, 5, B1, Laureate, head right.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-444, 3rd. off., c1,
L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla - Manlia-468 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla. 82 BC. Denarius. Mint moving with Sulla. L. MANLI before, PRO.Q behind, helmeted Roma right / Sulla, being crowned by Victory, in quadriga right; L SVLLA IM in exergue. Crawford 367/5; Syd 757; SRCV 286: Manlia-44 commentsBud Stewart
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia stg. l., holding baton in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet to l., globe, (Pr2).
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-92, T-(Estiot)-3530,
1 commentsquadrans
Petillius Capitolinus (43 B.C.)68 viewsAR Denarius
O: CAPITOLINVS, Bare head of bearded Jupiter right.
R: PETILLIVS, The Capitoline Temple of Jupiter: richly decorated hexastyle façade with ornamented pediment and garlands hanging within three openings; [PE]TILLIVS in exergue.
Crawford 487/1, Sydenham 1149
3 commentsMat
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III, tetradrachm, Macedonian mint (Amphipolis?)68 views336-323 BC (lifetime)
24-26 mm, 17.14 g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; to left, janiform-head vase
(Price p. 89, 6.)

ex Auctiones GmbH, eAuction #5, Lot 9
2 commentsareich
1505c, Theodosius I, 379 - 395 A.D. (Constantinople)68 viewsTheodosius I (379 - 395 AD) AE3. 388-394 AD, RIC IX 27(a)3, Third Officina. Seventh Period. 20.27 mm. 4.8gm. Near VF with black and earthen patina. Constantinople. Obverse: DN THEODO-SIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLORIA-ROMANORVM, Theodosius I standing, facing, holding labarum and globe, CONSB in exergue (scarcer reverse). A Spanish find.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

THEODOSIUS I (379-395 A.D.)
David Woods
University College of Cork

Origin and Early Career
Flavius Theodosius was born at Cauca in Spain in about 346 to Thermantia and Theodosius the Elder (so-called to distinguish him from his son). Theodosius the Elder was a senior military officer serving in the Western empire and rose to become the magister equitum praesentalis under the emperor Valentinian I from late 368 until his execution in early 375. As the son of a soldier, Theodosius was legally obliged to enter upon a military career. He seems to have served under his father during his expedition to Britain in 367/8, and was the dux Moesiae Primae by late 374. Unfortunately, great controversy surrounds the rest of his career until Gratian had him hailed as his imperial colleague in succession to the emperor Valens at Sirmium on 19 January 379. It is clear that he was forced to retire home to Spain only to be recalled to active service shortly thereafter, but the circumstances of his forced retirement are shrouded in mystery. His father was executed at roughly the same time, and much speculation has centred on the relationship between these events.

[For a very detailed and interesting discussion of the Foreign Policy of Theodosius and the Civil Wars that plagued his reign, please see]

Family and Succession
Theodosius married twice. His first wife was the Spanish Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. She bore him Arcadius ca. 377, Honorius on 9 September 384, and Pulcheria ca. 385. Theodosius honoured her with the title of Augusta shortly after his accession, but she died in 386. In late 387 he married Galla, daughter of Valentinian I and full-sister of Valentinian II. She bore him Gratian ca. 388, Galla Placidia ca. 388/390, and died in childbirth in 394, together with her new-born son John. Of his two sons who survived infancy, he appointed Arcadius as Augustus on 19 January 383 and Honorius as Augustus on 23 January 393. His promotion of Arcadius as a full Augustus at an unusually young age points to his determination right from the start that one of his own sons should succeed him. He sought to strengthen Arcadius' position in particular by means of a series of strategic marriages whose purpose was to tie his leading "generals" irrevocably to his dynasty. Hence he married his niece and adoptive daughter Serena to his magister militum per Orientem Stilicho in 387, her elder sister Thermantia to a "general" whose name has not been preserved, and ca. 387 his nephew-in-law Nebridius to Salvina, daughter of the comes Africae Gildo. By the time of his death by illness on 17 January 395, Theodosius had promoted Stilicho from his position as one of the two comites domesticorum under his own eastern administration to that of magister peditum praesentalis in a western administration, in an entirely traditional manner, under his younger son Honorius. Although Stilicho managed to increase the power of the magister peditum praesentalis to the disadvantage of his colleague the magister equitum praesentalis and claimed that Theodosius had appointed him as guardian for both his sons, this tells us more about his cunning and ambition than it does about Theodosius' constitutional arrangements.

Theodosius' importance rests on the fact that he founded a dynasty which continued in power until the death of his grandson Theodosius II in 450. This ensured a continuity of policy which saw the emergence of Nicene Christianity as the orthodox belief of the vast majority of Christians throughout the middle ages. It also ensured the essential destruction of paganism and the emergence of Christianity as the religion of the state, even if the individual steps in this process can be difficult to identify. On the negative side, however, he allowed his dynastic interests and ambitions to lead him into two unnecessary and bloody civil wars which severely weakened the empire's ability to defend itself in the face of continued barbarian pressure upon its frontiers. In this manner, he put the interests of his family before those of the wider Roman population and was responsible, in many ways, for the phenomenon to which we now refer as the fall of the western Roman empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, David Woods.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

There is a nice segue here, as we pick-up John Julius Norwich's summation of the reign of Theodosius, "Readers of this brief account of his career may well find themselves wondering, not so much whether he deserved the title of 'the Great' as how he ever came to acquire it in the first place. If so, however, they may also like to ask themselves another question: what would have been the fate of the Empire if, at that critical moment in its history after the battle of Adrianople, young Gratian had not called him from his Spanish estates and put the future of the East into his hands? . . . the probability is that the whole Empire of the East would have been lost, swallowed up in a revived Gothic kingdom, with effects on world history that defy speculation.

In his civil legislation he showed, again and again, a consideration for the humblest of his subjects that was rare indeed among rulers of the fourth century. What other prince would have decreed that any criminal, sentenced to execution, imprisonment or exile, must first be allowed thirty days' grace to put his affairs in order? Or that a specified part of his worldly goods must go to his children, upon whom their father's crimes must on no account be visited? Or that no farmer should be obliged to sell his produce to the State at a price lower than he would receive on the open market?

Had he earned his title? Not, perhaps, in the way that Constantine had done or as Justinian was to do. But, if not ultimately great himself, he had surely come very close to greatness; and had he reigned as long as they did his achievements might well have equalled theirs. He might even have saved the Western Empire. One thing only is certain: it would be nearly a century and a half before the Romans would look upon his like again" (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, the Early Centuries. London: Penguin Group, 1990. 116-7;118).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 125, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath, 68 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 125, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS-Δ-VI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/X, in wreath,
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5b, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/•/ X with in, dot in badge at the top.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-125, p-512,
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 148, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, VOT/•/V, R2!!!68 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 148, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, VOT/•/V, R2!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5a, B5, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- DOMINORVM-NOSTRORVM-CAESS, Wreath VOT/•/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 320-321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-148, p-380, 1st. off., R2!!!
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, R4!!!68 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, R4!!!
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Diademed (laureate) cuirassed bust right.
revers:- DOMINOR•NOSTROR•CAESS, VOT/•/V, in wreath.
exerg: -/-//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, date: , ref: RIC VII 153 p-153,
RIC 115 Titus Denarius68 viewsTitus Denarius
Laureate head right

Elephant, wearing armor, walking left


Rome 80 AD.
RIC 115 (C2); Cohen 303; BMC 44

Very scarce

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities

Thick black toning on this denarius makes it tough to photograph. Much nicer in hand.

Commemorates the completion and dedication of the Colosseum and the opening of games in 80 AD, after ten years of construction.
2 commentsJay GT4
Titus as Caesar68 viewsTITUS, as Caesar. 79-81 AD. Æ As 28mm 8.6 gm. Struck 74 AD. O: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS III CENS, laureate head left R: VICTORIA AVGVST, S C across field, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm. RIC 755 (Vespasian); BMCRE 711A (Vespasian) note var. (head right); cf. Cohen 363.

This obverse legend is only known on one coin paired with this reverse type (BMCRE 711A note), but that coin's obverse has Titus facing right. The references mentioned are from the only other example I could find online. I believe this is the third published left facing example.

The Victoria Avgvst, Avgvsti and Navalis Victory on the prow types probably commemorate Titus' pursuit of the Jews at Tarichæa on rafts, and the same circumstance doubtless explains why Titus brought a large number of ships with him when he entered Rome in triumph.
4 commentsNemonater
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0523, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, 68 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0523, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, holding palm and erecting trophy.
exerg: -/-//SC, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-523-p-281, C-445,
Trajan Provincial68 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Tridrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. 112-114 A.D. (10.09g, 23.33mm) Obv: AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAI]ANOC CEB GEPM DAK, Laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder. Rev: DHMAPX EX YPA TO C, Distyle temple with eagle in pediment, Cult image of Artemis of Perge within.
SNG ANS 1160; Syd 190

Ex: Holding History
1 commentsPaddy
Trajan Æ Sestertius. SPQR Via Traiana RIC 636v68 viewsTrajan Æ Sestertius. ca 115-116 AD. Laureate head right / VIA TRAIANA/S C in two lines in exergue, the Via Traiana reclining left on rock, head right, holding wheel & branch. Cohen 649 cf.

The Via Traiana, constructed at Trajan's own expense between 109 AD and 113 AD, replaced the Via Appia as the usual route between Brindisium to Beneventum.
Trajan RIC II, 24568 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117 n.Chr.
AR - Denarius, 3.05g, 18.4mm
Rome, AD 112-117
Bust, laureate, r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
in ex. ARAB ADQ
Arabia stg. facing, head l., holding branch in r. r. hand and balsam cane in l. arm; behind her feet camel walking l.
RIC II, 245; C.26; BMC 474
about EF, attractive toned
From Forum Ancient Coins, thank you!

(1) ARAB ADQ = Arabia adquisita, Arabia acquired (not conquered!)
(2) The object in the l. arm is often called 'bundle of cinnamon sticks', but the extensions which are clearly seen on this specimen could better be explained by the rhizome (rootstock) of the balsam cane (as is stated in RIC too!)
2 commentsJochen
1cm Tranquillina68 viewsAE Deultum, Thrace

Draped bust, right, SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG

Deultum, Thrace, COL FL PAC DEVLT, Genius naked holding Patera and branch

Moushmov 3745
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #268 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Treveri, RIC VII 372, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•STR•, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, VO/TIS/XX, #2
avers:- IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, Laureated and cuirassed bust left, spear across right shoulder, decorated shield on the left arm. The sash visible on the bust.
revers:- BEATA-TRANQVILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above, three stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Treveri, date: 322-323 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-372, p-197,
Animation !!!, 013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, Different type of possibile "sigla" variation68 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, Different type of possibile "sigla" variation
U-049_C-083_H-097_sigla-variation (lot of dot or dots the different place on the same catalog No coins)
unk Pentanummium 68 viewsReverse: large E
Reverse: Diad., draped and Cuir facing rt.
Mint: ?
Date: ?
10mm, 1.58g
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, AE3 ISSUE of Cyzicus. Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I.68 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMKΔ.
RIC VII : 91.
USA - 1849 Large Cent68 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #0168 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross on double arch between two crescents containing star, two dots and two lines, border of dots.
revers: Four crescents containing crosses, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,21g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-094, CHN-1-127, Huszar-116, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
v2053LG bk.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire, Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), AR Drachm68 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
Valentinian I RIC IX 14a68 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
emperor walking right, head turned back, holding labarum and dragging captive. Left field: F, right field: R over hooked A.
BSISCS dot in ex.
18mm 2.3 gm
Valentinian II, Constantinople RIC IX-63a68 viewsAE4
Constantinople mint, 378-383 A.D.
13mm, 1.57g
RIC IX-63a

Pearl-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Legend in wreath
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--GLORIA (GALLEY)68 views370 - 392 AD
AE 23 mm 5.37 g
RIC IX Nicomedia 25b-5

3 commentslaney
Valerian Tet.JPG
Valerian AE Tetradrachm, Alexandria68 viewsEgypt , Alexandria, AE Tetradrachm, 256 AD

Obverse: AK P L I OVA EPIANOC EVEVC, Laureate cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: L (Delta) across field, Nike advancing right.

24mm, 9.6gm

Emmett 3713(4), Milne 3925.

3 commentsJerome Holderman
Sicily, Agrigento, Valley of the Temples68 viewsThe Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples, Sicilian: Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783–1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812.

The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento.
Joe Sermarini
Vandal Civic Issue68 viewsObverse: Diademed and draped bust left, holding palm
Reverse: N/IIII in two lines across fields; – above N
Mint : Carthage
Date : circa 523-533
Reference : MIB I, 20 (Gelimer); BMC Vandals 12 (Huneric); MEC 1, 55
Grade : VF
Weight : 1.05g
Denom : Nummi
Metal : AE
Acquired: 01/05/06
Comments : brown patina (11mm)
1 commentsBolayi
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AV Aureus, AD.7068 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: COS ITER T-R POT, Pax seated left, holding branch and caduceus.
2 commentsanthivs
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.68 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6968 viewsÆ as (9.5g, Ø28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)68 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria68 views380-325 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (7mm, 0.15g, 7h)
O: Head of nymph Satyra right, within dotted border.
R: Kantharos; three pellets around.
Vlasto 1220
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsEnodia
Lucilla (164 - 182 A.D.)68 viewsAR Denarius
R: VOTA / PVBLI / CA, Legend in three lines within wreathm dot in middle.
RIC III 791 RSC 98
6 commentsMat
Weight-Q-017_AE_68 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weight68 viewsCoin Weight, France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weightPodiceps
68 viewsAn example of a cabinet built for a collector, and friend of mine.
L. Flaminius Cilo68 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
67 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Barzinski 1873; Brook -

Museum number in india ink on reverse: 5971730 (?)

Ex Lockdale's 83 (27 March 2011), lot 1112
2 commentsArdatirion
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.67 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
Augustus & Agrippa, AE halved dupondius67 viewsHalved dupondius struck in Nemausus, after 10 BC
3rd type
[IM]P [DI]VI F , Laureate head of Augustus right
[COL NEM], Crocodile chained to palm tree
6.70 gr
Ref : RCV #1730, Cohen # 10
1 commentsPotator II
Roman Empire, Domitian.67 viewsAR denarius. 92 AD. 3,18 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI / Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column,brandishing javelin and armed with shield. Owl at feet. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P.
Old RIC 167a. New RIC 730. RSC 273.
2 commentsbenito
Hadrian, Sestertius - 006567 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P , laureate and draped bust right
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, Hadrian raising kneeling figure of Hipania
24.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 3633, scarce

Très usée mais pas courante
Potator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Sestertius67 viewsRIC II 589b Rome, BMC 1023, C120
26.08 gm, 33 mm
IMP CASESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate heroic bust right, drapery on left shoulder.
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM S C, Hadrian standing front, head left, looking towards eagle flying right, raising right hand to receive a sceptre from it and holding roll in left.
2 commentsMark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, PLAUTILLA Denarius RIC 36967 viewsRome mint, AD 204
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, leaning on shield, Cupid at her feet
3.4 gr
Ref : RCV # 7074, RIC IV # 369
2 commentsPotator II
Plautilla, Provincial - Caesaraea drachm67 viewsCappadocia, Caesaraea - Eusebia), AD 205.
ΦΟΥΛΟΥΙ ΠΛΑΥ ΑΥ, draped bust right
ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΑΙCΑ, Agalma of Mt. Argaeus with star. In ex., CΤΙΓ : regnal year 13 of Sept. Severus, 205 AD
2.69 g, 19mm
Ref : Sydenham -; SNG Copenhagen -; Sear 2775v.
Sydenham-Malloy, p. 152, no. 496b
cf. Lanz auction # 117/956
thanks to Curtis Clay for additionnal information
Potator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus Sestertius67 viewsRIC III 307b Rome, C 4
20.87 g, 31 mm
181 AD.
M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right
ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Annona standing, head left, with corn ears over patera & cornucopiae
Mark Z
Diadumenian, Denarius - *67 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Titus RIC-124a (1)67 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2), BMC 61, RSC 313a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, triangular frame with five palmettes
Acquired from The Coin Cabinet, September 2009.

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
Caracalla Orichalcum Sestertius67 viewsRIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same)., C198, BMCRE V 235
24.18 g, 30 mm
P M TR P XV COS III P P, S-C across fields, Mars standing l., holding Victory in r. hand and resting l. hand on shield, spear against l. arm; at feet, l., captive seated
RIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same). (RIC lists only COS IIII for this reverse and obverse.)
2 commentsMark Z2
Licinius I - Jupiter67 viewsFollis 313-315
O/ IMP LICINIUS P F AUG Laureate head right
R/ IOVI CON - SERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding sceptre in left hand and Victoria on globe, an eagle at his feet
ex SIS ; gamma in the field
Mint: Siscia 3rd off.
Gallienus, Sestertius - *67 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right
CONCORDIA EXERCIT, Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia and patera.
18.5 gr
Ref : RIC # 209, Göbl # 15dd, Cohen #132, RCV #10467
1 commentsPotator II
Tetricus II, Antoninianus67 viewsC PIV [ESV TETRIC]VS CAES, Radiate and draped bust right
COMES AVG, Comes standing left
1.91 gr
Ref : Cohen # 6
2 commentsPotator II
Aurelian, Aurelianus67 viewsAurelianus minted in Serdica, AD 274-275
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelianus right
RESTITUT OR BIS, Pax with laurel wreath she gives to Aurelian. In field *, at ex. KA.A.
4.15 gr
Ref : RCV #11592, Cohen #192
Potator II
Severina, AE Denarius - *67 viewsRome mint, 5 th officina, AD 274-275.
SEVERINA AVG, draped and diademed bust right.
VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding seated figure and sceptre. Є at exergue.
2.46 gr, 19-20 mm
RIC V 1 # 6, RCV # 11710, C # 14
5 commentsPotator II
Lydia, Hermokapelia, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-15, 67 viewsLydia, Hermokapelia, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Hermokapelia, AE-15,
avers:- IOVΛ(ΙΑ-ΔOΜΝΑ)-CEBACT_Draped bust right.
revers:- ΕΡΜΟΚΑΠΛΕΙΤ, .
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 14-15mm, weight: 1,72g, axis: 7h,
mint: Lydia, Hermokapelia, date: A.D., ref: ???,
2 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #167 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian, AD 81-9667 viewsAR denarius, 19 mm (3.21 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, eagle standing facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. Ephesus (?) mint, struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1492 (R); BMCRE II, 487; RSC II, 045c var. (no annulet noted); RPC II, 1466.
3 commentssocalcoins
Dynasts of Lycia Perikles AR Stater circa 380-375 BC 21mm 9.90g 3h67 viewsHead of Perikles facing slightly left wearing laurel wreath, drapery around neck.Reveres warrior Perikles as Sarpedon nude but for Corinthian helmet in fighting attitude right holding sword aloft in right hand shield on left arm, Peri-kle in Lycian around triskeles to lower right, all within shallow incuse square on square flan. Mithrapata 25 dies 15/20,Podalia 419-25 A2-P6 of falghera 215,SNG COP Supp 478,SNG Von Aulock 4252 This is the first coin with a facing head of a real person.2 commentsGrant H
Roman Empire, Maximinus I AR denarius RIC 1667 viewsMaximinus I 'Thrax'. A.D. 235-238. AR denarius (20 mm, 2.97 g, 11 h). Rome, A.D. 236. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Thrax right / VICTO-RI-A AVG, Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm. RIC 16; BMC 105-7; RSC 99a. Underlying luster.
Curtis H2
Aquilia Severa (second and fourth wife of Elagabalus), 220–2 CE 67 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 221 CE; 20mm, 3.20g. BMCRE 335, RIC 226, RSC 2. Obv: IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG; draped bust right. Rx: CONCORDIA; Concordia standing half-left, sacrificing from patera over lighted altar, holding double cornucopia, star in field right.

Notes: Sixth issue of the reign of Elagabalus (April 220–April 221). Rare variant of Aquilia's “Concordia standing” reverse with the star in the right field rather than the left.

Provenance: Ex Roma II (2 October 2011), lot 719.
1 commentsMichael K5
Carradice Type IV AR 1/4 Siglos - Time of Darius III67 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C.
AR 1/4 Siglos (0.7mm, 1.24 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding dagger in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IV; S 4683. F, toned.

Provenance: Harlan J Berk
110 Domitian67 viewsDomitian A.D. 81-96
AR Denarius

Domitian Denarius. 92 AD.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right,

IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, holding spear.

RSC 271 RIC 733 ex W. Phillips

Jan - Sept 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Lithuania. Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver Groschen 1627.67 viewsLithuania. Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver Groschen 1627. SIG III D.G. REX. PO. M. D. L. 1627, Crowned bust right / GROSS MAG DVCA LTD, Knight charging left. oneill6217
Male head right (laureate)67 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Æ 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
1800 Maundy Penny NGC AU5867 viewsGreat Britain 1800 Maundy Penny NGC AU58
*no dots between titles on obverse.
2 commentsrexesq
Aluminium-Bronze 1 Kroon.67 viewsEstonia. Republic (1918-1941) Aluminium-Bronze 1 Kroon

Denomination 1 Kroon
Date Struck 1934
Mint Tallinn
Obv: Arms of State, date in exe.
Rev: Norse Longboat sailing left.
Weight 5 gm.
Diameter 25 mm
Grade VF.
Material Aluml-Bronze
Mintage 3406066, Reference Eesti Vabariigi mündid ja paberrahad, Gunnar Haljak. Väljaandja Tallinn 2008
3 commentsGaiusCaligula
Lampsakos, Mysia67 views390-330 BC
AR Trihemiobol (10mm, 1.32g)
O: Janiform female head, wearing tainia and earring.
R: Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet.
SNG France 1195; Sear 3893; BMC 15 83,43
1 commentsEnodia
NYΣA67 viewsSAMARIA. Nysa-Scythopolis (?). Nero (?). Æ 21. A.D. 66/67 (?). Obv: (NEPWNKΛAYΔIOΣKAIΣAPΣEB...). Laureate head of Nero right; countermark on neck. Rev: (NYΣA, LPГ in field). Tyche standing left. Ref: RPC 4834 (?); Spojkerman 4 (?). Axis: 360° ? Weight: 8.46 g. Note: The identification of the coin is based on the countermark; all identifiable specimens listed by Howgego bearing this countermark are of Nero from Nysa-Scythopolis. CM: NYΣA, in rectangular punch, 11 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 555 (8 pcs). Note: The countermark was applied to valiadate coins of Nero. Collection Automan.Automan
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 67 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
388-commodus as.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AE dupondius - struck 179 AD67 viewsobv: L AVREL COMMODVS AVG TRP IIII (radiate head right)
rev: IMP III COS II PP / S.C. (Victory advancing left bearing wreath & palm)
ref: RIC III 1614(M.Aurelius), C.237
12.18gms, 25mm

History: In 177, the Quadi rebelled, followed soon by their neighbours, the Marcomanni and Marcus Aurelius once again headed north, to begin his second Germanic campaign (secunda expeditio germanica). He arrived at Carnuntum in August 178, and set out to quell the rebellion in a repeat of his first campaign, moving first against the Marcomanni.
1 commentsberserker
Roman Empire, Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Concordia67 viewsReference.
RIC --; Mule obverse of Hadrian, reverse of Sabina

Laureate head right.

Concordia, draped, seated left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left; cornucopiae under seat.

3.41 gr
17 mm
1 commentsokidoki
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, AE Follis67 viewsAttribution: RIC 776 (RIC VI)
Mint: Trier, PTR
Date: 307-308 AD

Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Bust of Constantine right
Reverse: MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing right, S/A in fields, PTR in exergue

Size: 24.6mm x 26.9mm
Weight: 6.49 grams
3 commentsAnemicOak
CAMPGATE, Constantine II, Nicomedia67 viewsAttribution: RIC 157 (RIC VII)

Mint: Nicomedia, SMNA

Date: 337-340 AD

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, plain diadem, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAES pellet, SMNA in exergue, camp gate with 2 turrets & star

Size: 19.52mm

Weight: 3.1 grams
Leo 1st67 viewsLEO I. 457-474 AD. AV Solidus (4.50 gm, 6h). Constantinople mint. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Victory standing left holding long jeweled cross, star in right field; S//CONOB. RIC X 605 and 630; Depeyrot 93/1. Good VF1 commentsTLP
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius67 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, Silver Denarius, RIC-IV-I-214-S, struck 210-213 at Rome, 3.21 grams, 18.3 mm. EF

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate, bearded head of Caracalla facing right
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE - Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding sceptre

A lovely specimen that is especially well centered with just a touch of weakness on the center of the reverse. Lots of eye appeal, lightly toned and a much scarcer issue.

1 commentssseverus
Aelia Capitolina-Antonius Pius.jpg
Antoninus Pius, (138-161 CE), Æ, city coin of Aelia Capitolina67 viewsBronze of Antoninus Pius. 138-161 CE. 7.44 g, 23mm, minted in Jerusalem (Aelia Capitolina) in Judea.

Obverse: IMP ANTONINVS AVG PPP; Laureate draped bust right
Reverse: CO(olony) AE(lia) CA(pitolina);Turreted bust of Tyche right, wearing calathus.

Reference: Meshorer, Aelia 21; Rosenberger 11, SNG ANS 600.

Added to collection: July 29, 2006
Daniel Friedman
Agrippina Snr RIC 102 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina Senior, RIC 10267 viewsAgrippina Senior
AE Sestertius
Rome Mint. 42 A.D.
Ref: RIC 102. Cohen 3. RCV 1906. VM 2.
Notes: Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Caligula. Struck by brother-in-law Claudius. One of my favourite coins despite its condition. Beautiful patina.
Clodius Albinus RIC IV, 1567 viewsClodius Albinus AD 195/6-197
AR - denar, 2.26g, 17.19mm
Lyon AD 196
head, laureate, r.
Felicitas stg. l., holding sceptre and caduceus
RIC IV/1, 15; C.13
rare (Augustus!), about VF, lightly toned, struck on small flan as usual
1 commentsJochen
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg67 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine

Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
Amisos, Pontos AE 20 SNG BM1202, Cista Mystica67 viewsOBV: Head of youthful Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy
REV: AMISOU, Cista mystica with panther skin, diadem and thyrsos. Monogram to left
8.8g, 21mm

Minted at Amisos, 85-65 BC
5 commentsLegatus
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-185, AR-Obulus, #01,Rare !67 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-185, AR-Obulus, #01,Rare !
avers: Three towers on arch, cross on the middle one, crowned bust facing between two stars below, double circle of dots.
revers: Cross with rosettes in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman, Annia Faustina, AE19, Sidon67 viewsRoman, Annia Faustina --AE19, Sidon. R: Askliepos L w/serpent staff and wand. NISC. 1 commentsfeatherz
Sear 1836 (with Mardin c/m 14)67 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class D Follis, weight 7.42g, diameter 28mm. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 14 countermark on the obverse, the word Imad [= ‘pillar’, part of an honorific]: Zengid, attributed to Imad al-din [‘Pillar of the Faith’] Zengi II, the atabeg of Sinjar and Nisibin, 1169 -1197 CE. Probably mint of Nisibin. Abu Galyon
A103-12 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)67 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.4 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-Augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP [C M A]VR CARINVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AV[GG]" – Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda, portando balanza en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en la izquierda . "KAZ" en exergo.

Acuñada Mar.283 - Nov.284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.7ma.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #238 Pag.169 - Cohen Vol.VI #8 Pag.384 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3462 - DVM # Pag.
Antoninus Pius Elephant67 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE As, 6.4g, 138 - 161 AD (Struck 148 - 149 AD) RIC III 862a
BMCRE 1840, Cohen 565
OBV: PP TR P XII, Laureate head of Pius right
REV: MVNIFICENTIA AVG COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue, Elephant walking right.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Antony & Octavia tetradrachm67 viewsM ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Conjoined heads of Antony and Octavia right, Antony wearing an ivy wreath

Dionysus standing left, holding cantharus and thyrsus on cista mystica flanked by two interlaced snakes

Ephesus, summer-autumn 39 BC


Imperators 263, RPC 2202, Babelon Antonia 61, Syndenham 1198, BMCRR east 135

Punch mark on the obverse protrudes onto the reverse


This series of Cistophori from Asia commemorates the marriage of Antony and Octavia and celebrate's Antony's divine status in the east as the "New Dionysus" which was bestowed on him when he arrived in Ephesus in 41 BC. Antony's titulature of "Imperator and Consul designate for the second and third times" fixes the period of issue to the latter part of 39 BC after the Pact of Misenum in July and before Antony's second Imperatorial acclamation in the winter of 39-38BC
6 commentsJay GT4
Antoninus Pius, RIC 580, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Cappadocia)67 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.1g, Ø33mm, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: CAPPADOCIA (around) S C (field), Cappadocia, towered headdress, standing left, holding crown and vexillum, Mons Argaeus at feet.
RIC 580 (R); BMC 1185; Cohen 120 (fr.25); Strack 783; Banti 51 (3 spec.)
ex s*p*q*r (via eBay, 2008)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 597, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Annona)67 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.84g, Ø31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-44.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing paludamentum.
Rev.: ANNONA AVG (around) S C (in field), Annona, standing right between modius and ship's prow, holding two corn ears and a cornucopiae.
RIC 597; BMCRE IV 1228; Cohen 34; Strack 821 (3 coll.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 19 (8 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values II) 4147
ex CNG,2010 (photo: CNG)
Charles S
Alexander III - Philip III67 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01966.jpg
58-12 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)67 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 30 mm 5.4 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "IC - XC" (Jesús Cristo) en campos izquierdo y derecho - Cristo sentado en trono con respaldo de frente, vistiendo nimbus cruciger (Halo redondo con cruz que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Collobium (Túnica especial sin mangas), sosteniendo el Libro de los Evangelios con mano izquierda." * " en campo izquierdo.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOT " Emperador de pié de frente a izquierda vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Loros (Ropa elaboradamente adornada que constituye el vestido consular de los Emperadores). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz en izquierda. A su derecha La Virgen de pié de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), con su mano derecha corona al Emperador.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1966 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.16.1-15, pl.17.1-4 - B.M.C.#40-51 - Ratto M.B.#2127/34 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #17-42
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS67 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
AR Tetradrachm, Athens67 viewsAR Tetradrachm, Athens, ca. 450 BC, Obv: Athena in crested helm right; Rev: Owl standing, branch left, ΑΘΕ left, three test cuts, otherwise Nice Very Fine. Ex. Pegasi.3 commentsMolinari
Athens Tetradrachm67 viewsArchaic head of Athena r., with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet
ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round

ΑΘΕ right
owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, prong tail, to left olive twig
and crescent, all within incuse square

Athens 449-413 BC


SNG Copenhagen 31; Sear 2526

Ex-Calgary Coin
7 commentsJay GT4
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA67 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi67 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (11 mm, 1.17 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, apparently no legend. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

This coin is unusually heavy with a weight intermediate between 2.5 and 5 nummi coins.

Ex Gitbud & Naumann 2013
3 commentsJan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0667 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #06
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15-16mm, weight:2,88g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165167 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, No Date. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . Reference: KM #20. Note: Prev. KM#30.dpaul7
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #0167 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #01
avers:- BELA, anchor-like mark amongst three dots above and below; border of dots..
revers:- Retrograd Rx (Monogram), border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-093, CHN-1-111, Huszar-066a, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #0167 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
revers: B E/L A R/E X, In three lines divided into five parts by horizontal and vertical lines, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-226_CNH-1-238_Huszar-302,
Bhutan67 viewsKm7.1 - Deb (1/2 Rupee) - N/D, Ma-tam period (III) (1835-1910)
Km27 - 1 Pice - N/D (struck 1951, 1955)
Daniel Friedman
Laureate bust, right.
Bonus Eventus standing left, holding patera and corn ears with poppy.
Denarius, 3.5 gm, 18.8 mm, RIC 31
Struck in 79 AD according to Curtis Clay's chronology.
2 commentsMassanutten
Bronze engraved bracelet67 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.




Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4
Buckle #003 AR Buckle,67 viewsBuckle #003 AR Buckle,
type: AR Buckle,
size: 16x26mm,
weight: 2,91g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Syria, Gabala, (Seleukia and Pieria), 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Lindgren III 191, AE-30, ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left, 67 viewsSyria, Gabala, (Seleukia and Pieria), 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Lindgren III 191, AE-30, ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left,
avers: AYT-KAI-C-M-AYP-ANTωNEINOC-CEB-CE•, Radiate, bust right.
revers: ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left, holding sceptre and orb.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 29,5 mm, weight: 16,44g, axis: 6h,
mint: Syria, (Seleukia and Pieria), Gabala, date: 138-161 A.D., ref: Lindgren III 191,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #167 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis/Pluto seated left wearing polos, holding scepter, and reaching toward three-headed dog Cerberus seated to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,33g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-261c, RSC-299a, BMC-124
Billion Tridrachm from Carthage67 viewsA Billion tridrachm from Carthage, minted during the second Punic war. 9.589g, 26.2mm, Carthage mint, c. 215 - 205 B.C.

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, pellet on leaf, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants

Reverse: Unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, pellet below horse's belly forward of the palm trunk; scarce;

Attribution: Alexandropoulos 44a; Müller Afrique 104; SNG Cop 190 var (no pellet); SRCV II 6494 var (same)
3 commentschuy1530
Vespasian RIC-93967 viewsAR Denarius, 3.27g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 939 (R), BMC 203, RSC 129
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l. Corn-ear upright in ground r.
Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 235.

A rare variant containing a wheat-ear of the common Mars reverse, possibly to symbolize the peace and prosperity Roman arms has brought the people.

I had a difficult time finding a decent example of this type...patience has paid off and I'm very happy to add this respectable denarius to the collection.
CLAVDIVS Libertas.jpg
Claudius Libertas67 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
bare head of Claudius left

Libertas standing facing head right holding pileus, left hand extended

Rome 41-42 AD


Sear 1859

Titus Pullo
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old67 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
coins1 103.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine death issue chariot67 viewsconstantine 1, after death, 337-340 AD., minted in ?
OBV: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled head right
REV: emperor driving quadriga right, the hand of God reaching down to him
EX: cannot make out
Commodus Denarius A.D. 189 RIC 202a, RSC 323, BMCRE 28667 viewsM COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right / LIBERALITAS AVG VII, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus & cornucopia.1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
consmaxavgg campgate com.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Antioch 8467 viewsAE 18-22mm 2.8 grams 329-330 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosette-diadem draped, cuirassed
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG. Campgate with 2 turrets, 11 rows of blocks, no door and single star above
EX :: SMANT epsilon ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 84
RIC rated R4
this camgate has several engraving error . The first is a deformed star above the campgate wich make the star look like a nike or victory. the second is a miss-aligned rim in wich a dot and a faint line can be seen at the top just above the star
3 commentsJohnny
Constantine I- Posthumous Quadriga 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative Quadriga67 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Constantine The Great with veiled bust right


DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMH= Heraclea, Officina??, RIC VIII Heraclea 13

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine Diadem VOT dot XXX SMHB Heraclea67 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG D
dot SMHB Heraclea RIC VII
Heraclea 90 c1
James b4
Siscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!67 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1 !
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)67 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.63g, 24mm
Thessalonica 1. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
field: left B, right star
exergue: dot TSA dot
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)
Scarce; about VF(?)

This issue (the Fallen Horseman type) celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara 344 AD against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
FELICIUM TEMPORUM REPARATIO = Happy days are here again!
CRISPUS with helmet right67 viewsCRISPVS - NOB CAES
cuirassed bust with helmet right
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 134 r4
1 commentsgb29400
Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans (1650-1693), Douzieme d'ecu - 166567 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
AN . MA LOV PRINC . SOVV . DE . DOM, Buste drapé de 3/4 a droite
(Rose) DNS + ADIVTOR . A . ET . REDEM . MEVS, Ecu d'Orleans couronné. Dans le champ, 16 - 65
2.35 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 233, Boudeau # 1094
Potator II
Domitian RIC-76867 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome mint, 94 AD
RIC 768 (C), BMC specimen acquired 1989, RSC 284b
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Mauseus, August 2016.

This denarius is part of the last issue of 94, struck after mid September until the end of the year. The issue is somewhat scarce, although RIC rates all the denarii in it as 'common'.

Nice portrait and well centred.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88 AD67 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII (laureate head right)
rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC (herald with feather in cap walking left, holding round shield and wand)
ref: RIC Vol 2.1 (2008) 596 (old RIC 117); RSC 76/77
mint: Rome
3.21gms, 18.5mm
Rare (by RIC)

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88 AD.
2 commentsberserker
Domitian RIC II, 167a67 viewsDomitian AD 81 - 96
AR - Denar, 3.34g,
Rome AD 92
laureate head r.
Minerva, helmeted, wearing Aedis, standing r. on columna rostrata(!), brandishing
javelin and and holding shield; owl at her feet; below two
figures (Jupiter and worshipping figure, ref. to Curtis Clay)
(Minerva type 2)
RIC II, 167a; C.274; BMC 189
1 commentsJochen
Domitian, Fouree 267 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Fouree Denarius. Unofficial Mint. (2.81g, 18m, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI, laureate head right. Rev: IMI XXII [] PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3). Cf RIC II 737.

Without the breaks in the silver, the unofficial lettering would give this away as a fouree, as would the die axis and light weight. Interestingly, this coin mimics RIC II 737 minted in 92 A.D. which RIC lists as vary rare (R2). IMP XXII was Domitian’s final imperial acclamation.
1 commentsLucas H
RIC 163, Z Gallienus, Antoninianus. Sole reign67 viewsRIC 163, Z Gallienus, Antoninianus. Sole reign. Rome mint. GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right / APOLLINI CONS AVG, Centaur walking right, drawing bow. Officina letter Z below. RIC V-1, 163; RSC 72; Sear5 10177.19mm 1.8gmsjessvc1
67 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
Dupondio TRAJANO RIC 505.jpg
24-22 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)67 viewsAE Dupondio 29 x 27 mm 12.5 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES NERVAE] TRAIANO AVG GE[R DAC P M T]R P COS V [P P]" - Busto radiado con Aegis viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S P Q R O[PTIMO] PRINCIPI - S C" - Pax (La Paz) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda. Su pié derecho sobre un cautivo de Dacia.

Acuñada 103 - 111 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #402 Pag.273 - Cohen Vol.II #410 Pag.60 - BMCRE # 891 - DVM #63/4 Pag.123
edw iv.jpg
ENGLAND - EDWARD IV67 viewsEDWARD VI (1461-1483) Hammered Silver York Penny. Reverse quatrefoil, no marks by neck.dpaul7
Elagabalus denarius67 viewsCONCORDIA MILIT
Antiochia mint
2 commentstibsi67
ENGLAND - James I67 viewsENGLAND - James I (1603-1625) Farthing. dpaul7
F 2.jpg
67 viewsOrthodoxcoins
FA027104-0201101-I464. Constantine I AE Follis. Aquilea Mint. Marti Conservatori.67 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, head right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: AQP
21.6mm; 4.0g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 139; R.
Faustina Junior, Peacock & Throne67 viewsFaustina II Denarius. 176-180 AD. 2.7 gm.

Draped bust right

Throne with scepter across it, peacock below & standing right

RIC 745, Sear5 #5216, RSC 73
Faustina 67 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,67 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- AED-DIV-FAVSTINAE, Front view of temple of six columns on five steps, fencing before. Within is a statue of Faustina. Varying ornaments on temple.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,95g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 150 A.D., ref: RIC-III-343 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
1 commentsquadrans
Roman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Complex shape Fibula #048,67 viewsRoman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Complex shape Fibula #048,
size: 35x35mm,
weight: 12,98g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Philippus I, sestertius (Simpson & Boyd collection)67 viewsFilippo I (244-249 d.C.), sesterzio
AE, 20.35 gr, 28 mm, BB+
D/ IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, busto laureato a dx
R/ VICTORIA AVG S C, Vittoria che marcia a dx reggendo corona e palma
RIC 191a
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (3 luglio 2009, numero archivio 7bis), ex rev. dr. Simpson collection (London 1889), ex William C. Boyd collection (London, 16 dicembre 1889), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London 26 settembre 2005), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins New York, Londra fino al 2009).

2 commentspaolo
Cuneiform Students Exercise Tablet67 views112mm x 100mm 583 grams

"The tablet is certainly a student’s exercise text that was part of his school work to teach him to read and write Sumerian around the year 1800BC, long after Sumerian had died out as a spoken language. In particular, this exercise was to teach all the Sumerian vocabulary dealing with food items. When complete, the list probably had over 500 entries. As part of their training, students had to memorize long lexical lists containing everything from plants and animals to metal objects, textiles, types of professions, body parts etc. These lists of vocabulary words were fairly standardized throughout Southern Babylonia at this time, so that you find many tablets containing the same entries, not always in the same order, but usually pretty close. Of course, some students were better than others, so some tablets contain more mistakes and some are written in messier script. Your tablet seems to have been written by a fairly good student, although there are a number of deviants from the standard version of the food items list.

The obverse of your tablet is the side with 3 columns and wide rows. The obverse represents a new part of the word list that the student is learning. In this case, each column repeats the same section of the list, so the student had a chance to practice it over and over. Unfortunately, not much is preserved on the obverse - just several different types of barley including “white barley” and “black barley.”

The reverse contains a much larger section of the list that the student had already memorized, and is just practicing here. This side is divided into 4 columns, the first column is almost entirely broken. The second column contains a list of different types of beer including “beer mixed with water,” “market beer,” “beer that foams like soap”, and “sweet beer.” Column three contains types of soup, most of which are not known from other versions of this list and will take more work to decipher, and types of fragrant plants, most of which are plants that we cannot identify."
2 commentsNemonater
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
01 - China67 viewsChina - Ruler Chia-Ch'ing (1796-1820) Tung Ming, Yunnan.rexesq
Galba67 viewsIMP SER GALBA AVG
Laureate head right

Livia standing left holding patera and sceptre

Rome, November 68 AD-January 69AD

RIC 150, BMC 5, RSC 52a


Rare with this short obverse legend

5 commentsJay GT4
ROMAN EMPIRE, Germanicus67 viewsAE As

Mint: Rome
RIC –I-35; Cohen-1
Dia. 30 mm
10.99 gm
2 commentsMYoung
Geta AE 14 of Nikaea, 198-209 AD67 viewsGeta
Nicaea, Bithynia
AE 14
Nicaea, 198-209 AD
Zeus standing facing, holding scepter in l., patera in r. Eagle at l.
Waddington S462; SNG Hunter S249
2 commentsArdatirion
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI67 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentstibsi67
IOVI CONSERVATORI67 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentstibsi67
Macedonia, Philip III Arrhidaios AE Unit67 viewsMiletos mint (323-319 BC).
Obv.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
Rev.: Bow in bow case and club; grain ear below. With the name and types of Alexander III ‘the Great’.
Price 2102.
5 commentsMinos
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, SAL-AVG, Salus standing left,67 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0138, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, SAL-AVG, Salus standing left,
avers:-IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG, Laureate and draped (!!) bust right.
revers:-P-M-TR-P-COS-III, Salus standing left feeding serpent rising from altar, holding sceptre, SAL - AVG across fields.
exerg: SAL/AVG//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 119-122 A.D., ref: RIC II 138var, p-356, C-1323,
Hadrian Galliae 67 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

Hadrian standing left, holding volumen and raising kneeling Gallia right.

Rome 134-8 AD


RIC 324.

2 commentsJay GT4
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD67 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
German State - Hamburg 1725 4 Schilling67 viewsHamburg, Charles VI. 1725 4 Schilling.
Henry VIII half Groat67 viewsHenry VIII (1509-47)
Silver Half Groat.

Profile portrait type, bust crowned right

Arms over Cross, WA beside shield, the insignia of Archbishop Warham of Canterbury.

Canterbury mint.
Second coinage (1526-44)

Ex-Calgary coins, Ex- Gordon Andreas Singer

SOLD February 2015
3 commentsJay GT4
Carian Dynasts, Hidrieus, tetradrachm67 views24 mm, 14.55 g
obv: head of Apollo facing, inclined slightly to right, wearing a laurel-wreath.
rev: IΔPIEΩΣ , Zeus Labraundos standing to right, wearing a chiton and a himation, holding spear left, labrys over his shoulder in his right, small E at his feet

SNG von Aulock 8046
ex Gorny & Mosch
5 commentsareich
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,67 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,
avers:- C O VAL OSTIL MES C QVINTVS CAESAR, IV below the bust, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath and palm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5 mm, weight: 2,89 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III- Unlisted!!!, p148 , C- , Not in RIC this revers and "IV" under the bust, Very Rare!,
1 commentsquadrans
Huszár 27, Unger 22, Réthy I 3367 viewsHungary. Ladislaus (László, in Hun.) (1077-1095; canonized 1192). AR denar, 19.5 mm.

Obv: + LADISLAVS RE, Three long-crosses with two ball-like knots in each cross

Rev: [+ LADISCLAVS RE] (decaying legend), Cross with wedges

Struck in Esztergom

Huszár rarity rating 8

Pegasus - Gallienus67 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG , Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG , Pegasus springing right
Exergue:- A
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/567 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Elis, after 191 BC67 viewsObv: Head of Zeus, Laureate, right
Rx: Oilive wreath

within the wreath

EY below the wreath.

BM 45, 155
3.0 Hungary - 1552 - Ferdinand I67 viewsHoly Roman Emperor Ferdinand I, King of Hungary
obv. - Mary and baby Jesus
Otacilla Severa,wife of Philippus I AE29 Caesarea maritima mint67 viewsO:Otacilla Severa bust r.
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche to r
the letters S.P.Q.R around Tyce.
4 commentsMaritima
Alexander the Great67 viewsIssuer: Alexander III "the Great"
Date ruled: 336-323 BC

Date struck: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Mint: Amphipolis, Macedon

Denomination: Tetradrachm
Reference: Price 13

Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.2 g

Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field

Appears in: Lighting - which one's better?

Click here to see the old photo.
2 commentsViriathus
Rare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries 3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!67 viewsRare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries
3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!
Notes: Rare coin, very-very tiny (measuring 2-4mm in diameter and weighing from 0.08 to 0.1 g or so). These are probably the tiniest gold coins ever minted for general circulation. Very rare, these come from a hoard of these, recently unearthed.

Antonio Protti
Thrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,67 viewsThrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
1 commentsquadrans
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #167 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #1
avers: IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-21mm, weight: 2,82g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-360, p-99, RSC-81, BMC-381
Julia Domna, Cappadocia67 viewsCaesarea, Cappadocia
AR Drachm; 2.98g

Draped bust right, hair weaved in rows and tucked at back of head in weaved bun pattern

Aphrodite standing right, apple in left hand, drawing robe over right shoulder with right hand
ET | E across fields (Dated year 5)

Sydenham 440; Sear GIC 2446; SNG von Aulock 6472
wildwinds example (this coin)
2 commentsarizonarobin
Tye 21.2, Deyell 5267 viewsShahis [?] (ca. 900-1,200 A.D.). AR jital, possibly minted unofficially, north of the Shahi realm, 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Devah followed by two vertical pellets, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Scarce.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
2 commentsStkp
Sear 1310 - Follis - 685-687 AD - Ravenna mint67 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 685-687 AD
Condition: aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown (with cross?). In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, cross.

Ravenna mint
DO 72; Sear 1310; MIB 78
3.61g; 20.0mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
MAURETANIA. JUBA II67 viewsAR denarius. Caesarea 20 BC-AD 24. 2,86 grs. Diademed head right . REX IVBA / Six pointed star in crescent. KΛEOΠATPA BACIΛICCA.
SNG Cop 567.
2 commentsbenito
bare-headed, draped and cuirassed
bust right
soldier spearing fallen horseman,
reaching backwards
Delta SIS Zigzag in ex
19mm 2.6gm
Nice animatio, 153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 108, Sirmium, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, B SIRM,67 viewsNice animatio, 153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 108, Sirmium, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, B SIRM,
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//B-SIRM, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Simium, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 108, p-393,
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #167 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFF-P,
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,67g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
Roman Empire, Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #167 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #1
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 415, p-380,
1 commentsquadrans
Justinian I decanummium67 views1/4 follis, 549-550, Constantinople, 19mm, 2.1g.vercingetorix
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Chios 290-275 BC67 viewsAR drachm, 17.7mm, 4.15g, VF
Head Herakles right, clad in lion's skin knotted at neck / [AΛEΞANΔPOY] behind Zeus seated left on throne with back, holding eagle and sceptre. M within O above bunch of grapes with tendril in left field. Scarce.
Ex: Harlan Berk
Price 2324, Müller 1529
Certificate of Authenticity from David R. Sear, ACCS
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Mylasa 300-280 BC67 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 29.6mm, 17.01g, Nice VF
Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre, double axe left field.
Price 2074; Müller 1128.
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
licin com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Nicomedia 4467 viewsAE 19 mm 2.7 grams 321-324
OBV :: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVGRadiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI. Jupiter standing left chalmyacross left shoulder , holding Victory on globe and leaning on eagle-tipped sceptre eagle with wreath left field , X over II Mu over captive right field
EX :: SMN delta ( Nicomedia )
RIC VII Nicomedia 44
RIC rated R1
from uncleaned lot 03/2008

This coin has deep pits on the obverse . better to leave well enough alone on this one as the patina would have been ruined trying to fix it

133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!67 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 011, wreath/A//SMK, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R3!!!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6,J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONSER VATORI CAES S, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; wreath in left and A in right in field.
exergo: wreath/A//SMK, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st. off., date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 11, p-644, R3 !!!,
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #167 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #1
avers:- IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2,J1 r., Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
Licinius II RIC VII, Heraclea 3667 viewsLicinius II 317 - 324, Caesar, son of Licinius I
AE - AE 3, 3.87g, 18mm
Heraclea 4. officina, AD 318 - 320
bust in consular robe, laureate head l., globe, sceptre in l.
hand, mappa in r. hand
Camp gate with three turrets, no doors; 6 stone layers
field: 2 dots
exergue: SMH Delta
RIC VII, Heraclea 36; C.41
R3; good VF, partially silvered
added to
2 commentsJochen
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 189167 views"CEB" script initials, with flourishes above and below.
Ex-"mrcrest" (eBay). Total 1891 dime mintage = 23,046,116 at all mints.
L. Marcus Philippus - Marcia-2867 viewsL Marcus Philippus AR denarius (3.73 gm). 56 BC. Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus hehind, ANCVS below / equestrian statue on aquaduct, AQVA MAR between arches, PHILLIVS behind. Marcia 28, Sydenham 919, Crawford 425/1, RCV 382 Bud Stewart
017. Marcus Antonius.67 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Demetrios Poliorketes, Macedonian Kingdom, c. 289 - fall 288 B.C., Silver tetradrachm, Newell p. 97, 9167 viewsObv:– Demetrios diademed head right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' patron deity
Rev:– BASILEOS DEMETRIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), monogram left
Minted in Pella, c. 289 - fall 288 B.C.
Reference:– Newell p. 97, 91 and pl. VIII, 12, SNG Cop 1179 var.
17.0192g, 29.3mm, 45o

Ex-Harlan Berk. Ex-Forvm, where it was described as gVF, superb portrait, tight flan.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Macedonia. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm (reverse)67 viewsCirca 325-315 B.C. Reverse. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, on throne, ALEXANDROU in right field, monogram in left field. Die shift. Price-211. Ex Berk. Mint State.1 commentsJason T
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, MACRINUS, AE 26, Nemesis; NIKOPOLIS MINT67 viewsOBV: Bust of Macrinus right
REV: Nemesis standing left with scales, cornucopiae, and wheel.
10.2g, 26mm

Minted at Nikopolis probably under Governor Statius Longinus, 223 AD
maravedis lot 5.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Spain, Philip IV, maravedis 1621-1665 (coin 1)67 viewsobv: Bust right, his inscription around.
rev: Coat of arms

Note: Philip IV of Castille (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. In his realms he was known as the Planet King, after the Sun (the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time). Thanks Howard Cole for proper ID.
1 commentsJericho
Judaea, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem). Marcus Aurelius AE2467 viewsObv: Laureate bust of Aurelius right,
Rev: Commodus on horseback right, raising right hand.
161-180 CE. Æ25, 10.4g.
Meshorer, Aelia Capitolina 60, BMC 57
MARC ANTONY legionary denarius - 32-31 BC67 viewsobv: ANT AVG III VIR R P C (praetorian galley right)
rev: LEG XXI (Legio XXI Rapax - means Predator) (legionary eagle between two standards)
ref: Cr.544/37, Sear381, RSC 58, Albert1738 (100eur)
2.89gms, 17mm

This legion was probably founded after 31 BC by the emperor Augustus, who may have integrated older units into this new legion and added new recruits from northern Italy. Its first assignment may have been in Hispania Tarraconensis, where it took part in Augustus' campaigns against the Cantabrians, which lasted from 25-13 AD. XXI Rapax from Raetia marched against king Maroboduus to Czechia in 6 AD. The Twenty-first also was employed during the Germanic war of Caligula, against the rebellious Batavians, and against the Chatti in Baden-Württemberg under led by Domitian in 83. At last the Twenty-first being sent to Pannonia, where war against the tribes of the Middle Danube -the Suebians and Iazyges- was imminent. Here, the Rapax was destroyed in 92 by the Sarmatians.
Large Follis of Maximianus Herculius67 viewsRIC VI 55b (or similar) Ticinium Mint 305 AD
r: FIDES MILITUM / Fides seated left w/ two standards
ex. TT with dot in right
2 commentsdaverino
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #167 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus Denarius67 viewsIMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left with branch & scepter. RIC 12. RSC 31a. 2.5 grams.3 commentsStuart Francis
Medieval, #12,67 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Macrinus, Varbanov 3500 (3548)67 viewsNicopolis ad Istrum mint, Macrinus 217-218 A.D. AE 25mm 8.15g, Varbanov 3500 (3548)
O: AVT K M OPELLI CEVH MAKP, Laureate cuirassed bust
R: VP CTATI LONGINOY NIKOPOLITWN ΠPOC ICTPW, Liberalitas standing with abacus and cornucopia
Mn Fonteius Cf - Fonteia-1067 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC Mn Fonteius Cf 85 BC Denarius (3.86 gm). Laureate head of Apollo Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, M FONTEI behind, CF below chin / Cupid on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus in ex. Syd 724a, Cr353/1c, RCV 7213 commentsBud Stewart
moneta 335.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Markianopolis67 viewsobv: Facing busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
rev: Homonoia/Concordia holding cornucopia and patera over flaming altar. E in left field.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Markianopolis under legate Quintillianus
2 commentsJericho
0760-0791 AH - Murad I - cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43 - Ottoman Mangir67 viewsSultan: Murad I (r. 1359-1389 AD)
Date: 1359-1389 AD (760-791 AH)
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Mangir

Obverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

Reverse: Four curls separated by two colons in two rectangular boxes.

cf. N. Kabaklarli # 03-X-43
1.58g; 16.5mm; 135 or 315°
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon67 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Æ 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Thessaly 67 viewsThessalian League 196-27 BC
Silver Stater

Obverse:Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse:ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ ;Athena advancing right,bearing raised spear and shield

21.91mm 6.17gm

Sear 2233
3 commentsmaik
Troas, Neandreia, obol67 viewsca. 400 BC
8-9mm, 0.61g
obv: laureate head of Apollo right
rev: NEA/N; Ram standing right
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.67 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.

Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.

The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.

Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.

The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius RIC 9367 viewsAE Sestertius
Nero Claudius Drusus, Rome Mint, 41-42 AD
Reverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP IMP-SC, Claudius seated in curule chair holding branch, surrounded by pile of arms.
RIC 93; Cohen 8; BMC 157
33mm, 22.1gms.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
B 056 Nicephorus III. Botaniates (1078-1081 A.D.), SB 1881, AU-Electrum-histamenon(scyphate), Constantinopolis,67 viewsB 056 Nicephorus III. Botaniates (1078-1081 A.D.), SB 1881, AU-Electrum-histamenon(scyphate), Constantinopolis,
avers: + NIKHF DEC TW ROTANIAT, Nicephorus standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum with X on shaft and cross on globe; double border.
revers: IC-XC to upper left and right, Christ seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cross, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in left; double border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 27-33mm, weight: 4,27g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date:, ref: SB-1881, p-372,
Numerian VOTA.jpg
Numerian VOTA PVBLICA67 viewsAntoninianus, 4.59 g, 22 mm, 12 h, 283-284 AD

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Numerian and Carus sacrificing at altar; 2 ensigns in the background

Exergue: SMSXXIΓ

Siscia mint

RIC Vii 461v (unlisted bust type)
5 commentsdrjbca
Ottomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II Constantinople (Qustantinya) #0167 viewsOttomans AE Manghyr Sulayman-II
date: 1099-AH
mint: Constantinople (Qustantinya)
Nice Patraos67 viewsPatraos --AR Tetradrachm (12.8gm). Laureate head of Apollo R/Horseman riding down fallen warrior. SNG ANS 1031, Sear 1520.featherz
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.67 views AR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
[2400a] Pergamon, Mysia: AE14, ca. 300 BC67 viewsMYSIA, PERGAMON, Æ14, ca. 300 BC. BMC 15, SGC 3965. 2.0 gm. VF/aVF; Pergamon mint. Obverse: Head of Athena right, in close fitting crested helmet; Reverse; ATHENAS - NIKHFOPOY either side of owl standing, facing, wings closed; all within olive-wreath. Obverse device a clean strike of a lovely Athena. Ex Inclinatiorama.

The city of ancient Pergamon (or Pergamum, today's Bergama) was created by the newly-founded royal dynasty in the mid-third century BCE. It became one of the classic late-Hellenistic cities, on a dramatically steep site, with imaginatiave solutions to the urban design problems created by the site, wonderfully embellished by the generous attention of its royal (and other) patrons. The site divides into two main sections, the steep upper town and the flat lower town. Though today's Bergama is entirely in the lower areas, a number of important remains have survived even there: the Asklepieion, one of the major healing centres of antiqity, the Red Hall (Serapeum), the stadium, a Roman Bridge and tunnel. But it is the upper town that captures the imagination, with its extensive remains, innovations, and drama.

The Attalids, the descendants of Attalus, the father of Philetaerus who came to power in 282 BC, were among the most loyal supporters of Rome among the Hellenistic successor states. Under Attalus I, they allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon, during the first and second Macedonian Wars, and again under Eumenes II, against Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War. For support against the Seleucids, the Attalids were rewarded with all the former Seleucid domains in Asia Minor.

The Attalids ruled with intelligence and generosity. Many documents survive showing how the Attalids would support the growth of towns through sending in skilled artisans and by remitting taxes. They allowed the Greek cities in their domains to maintain nominal independence. They sent gifts to Greek cultural sites like Delphi, Delos, and Athens. They defeated the invading Celts. They remodeled the Acropolis of Pergamum after the Acropolis in Athens. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 BC he bequeathed Pergamon to Rome, in order to prevent a civil war.

The Great Altar of Pergamon is in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin. The base of this altar remains on the upper part of the Acropolis. Other notable structures still in existence on the upper part of the Acropolis include: a Hellenistic theater with a seating capacity of 10,000; the Sanctuary of Trajan (also known as the Trajaneum); the Sancturay of Athena; the Library; royal palaces; the Heroön; the Temple of Dionysus; the Upper Agora; and the Roman baths complex. Pergamon's library on the Acropolis is the second best in the ancient Greek civilisation (the ancient Library of Pergamum), after that of Alexandria. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergaminus or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum. The lower part of the Acropolis has the following structures: the Upper Gymnasium, the Middle Gymnasium, the Lower Gymnasium, the Temple of Demeter, the Sanctuary of Hera, the House of Attalus, the Lower Agora and the Gate of Eumenes.

Three km south of the Acropolis was the Sanctuary of Asclepius (also known as the Asclepeion), the god of healing. In this place people with health problems could bath in the water of the sacred spring, and in the patients' dreams Asklepios would appear in a vision to tell them how to cure their illness. Archeology has found lots of gifts and dedications that people would make afterwards, such as small terracotta body parts, no doubt representing what had been healed. Notable extant structures in the Asclepeion include the Roman theater, the North Stoa, the South Stoa, the Temple of Asclepius, a circular treatment center (sometimes known as the Temple of Telesphorus), a healing spring, an underground passageway, a library, the Via Tecta (or the Sacred Way, which is a colonnaded street leading to the sanctuary) and a propylon.

Pergamon's other notable structure is the Serapis Temple (Serapeum) which was later transformed into the Red Basilica complex (or Kızıl Avlu in Turkish), about 1 km south of the Acropolis. It consists of a main building and two round towers. In the first century AD, the Christian Church at Pergamon inside the main building of the Red Basilica was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed (Revelation 1:12, ESV).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
[2410a] Mysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC.67 viewsMysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC. AE 14mm (1.94 gm). Obverse: Athena in Attic helmet right. Reverse: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; bow. SNG France 5, 1683. Good very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.

The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It was planned by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was built over a period from 1910 to 1930. It houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar. Sections of The Telephos Frieze, originaly composed of the sequnce of 52 panels--only some scenes of this beautiful frieze were "saved" by German archeologists in the 19th century--are exhibited there.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC–197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC–158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–129 BC)

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Philip I AR Antoninianus 244-24967 viewsOb. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev. LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae

Ref. RIC 38b, RSC 87

Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,67 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
67 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
PHILIP I AR Antoninianus R:P M TR P III COS P P, RIC-367 viewsPhilip I, 244 - 249 AD. AR Antononianus
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: P M TR P III COS P P, Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia
3.05 gm 22 mm Ref: Sear III 8944, RIC 3, C124 _7200
3 commentsAntonivs Protti
PHRYGIA, APAMEIA67 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
Antoninus Pius Italia67 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III
Laureate head right

Italia, towered, seated l. on globe, holding cornucopiae and sceptre.

Rome 140-143
RIC 73c. BMC 214

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities
2 commentsJay GT4
Alexander the Great, plated tetradrachm, imitating one of Pella mint67 views28mm, 10.97g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Macedonian helm to left, monogram below throne
seems to match most closely Price 625 but the monogram seems to have only two cross bars instead of three
ex Gitbud & Naumann
CLICK picture for a larger, sharper version
POLAND - 2010 Katyn Massacre Commemorative67 viewsPOLAND - 2010 2-Zloty, Aluminum-copper-zinc alloy. Commemorative coin '70th Anniversary of the Katyń Crime'.
Obverse: An image of the Eagle established as the State Emblem of the Republic of Poland. On the sides of the Eagle, the notation of the year of issue: 20 – 10. Below the Eagle, an inscription: ZŁ 2 ZŁ in the rim, an inscription: RZECZPOSPOLITA POLSKA, preceded and followed by six pearls. The Mint’s mark: M/W, under the Eagle’s left leg. Reverse: Centrally, an inscription: KATYŃ. Below, a stylized image of the military forage cap with the Polish military Eagle. At the top, a semicircular inscription: 70. ROCZNICA ZBRODNI KATYŃSKIEJ (70 TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE KATYN MASSACRE). Diameter – 27 mm, weight – 8.15 g., edge plain with the inscription, NBP, repeated eight times, every second one inverted by 180 degrees, separated by stars.
Put in circulation since April 8, 2010. Mintage: 1 000 000. The coin was struck at the National Bank of Poland.
In light of the recent tragedy of Poland losing her president and top leaders, this coin is sold out in Poland, I have been told.
On September 17, 1939 the Red Army invaded the territory of Poland from the east. This invasion took place while Poland had already sustained serious defeats in the wake of the German attack on the country that started on September 1, 1939; thus Soviets moved to safeguard their claims in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
In the wake of the Red Army's quick advance that met little resistance, between 250 000 and 454 700 Polish soldiers had become prisoners and were interned by the Soviets. About 250 000 were set free by the army almost on the spot, while 125 000 were delivered to the internal security services (the NKVD).
The NKVD in turn quickly released 42 400 soldiers. The approximately 170 000 released were mostly soldiers of Ukrainian and Belarusian ethnicity serving in the Polish army. The 43 000 soldiers born in West Poland, now under German control, were transferred to the Germans. By November 19, 1939, NKVD had about 40 000 Polish POWs: about 8 500 officers and warrant officers, 6 500 police officers and 25 000 soldiers and NCOs who were still being held as POWs.
As early as September 19, 1939, the People's Commissar for Internal Affairs and First Rank Commissar of State Security, Lavrenty Beria, ordered the NKVD to create a Directorate for Prisoners of War to manage Polish prisoners. The NKVD took custody of Polish prisoners from the Red Army, and proceeded to organize a network of reception centers and transit camps and arrange rail transport to prisoner-of-war camps in the western USSR. The camps were located at Jukhnovo (Babynino rail station), Yuzhe (Talitsy), Kozelsk, Kozelshchyna, Oranki, Ostashkov (Stolbnyi Island on Seliger Lake near Ostashkov), Tyotkino rail station (90 km from Putyvl), Starobielsk, Vologda (Zaenikevo rail station) and Gryazovets.
The approximate distribution of men throughout the camps was as follows: Kozelsk – 5 000; Ostashkov – 6 570; and Starobelsk – 4 000. They totalled 15 570 men.
On March 5, 1940, pursuant to a note to Joseph Stalin from Lavrenty Beria, the members of the Soviet Politburo – Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov, Anastas Mikoyan and Beria – signed an order to execute 25,700 Polish 'nationalists and counterrevolutionaries' kept at camps and prisons in occupied western Ukraine and Belarus.
Up to 99% of the remaining prisoners were subsequently murdered. People from Kozelsk were murdered in the usual mass murder site of Smolensk country, called Katyn forest; people from Starobilsk were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kharkiv and the bodies were buried near Pyatikhatki; and police officers from Ostashkov were murdered in the inner NKVD prison of Kalinin (Tver) and buried in Miednoje (Mednoye).
Estimates of the number of executed persons ranges from 15 000 to 21 768. Polish POWs and prisoners were murdered in Katyn forest, Kalinin (Tver) and Kharkiv prisons and elsewhere. About 8 000 of the victims were officers taken prisoner during the 1939 invasion of Poland, the rest being Polish citizens who had been arrested for allegedly being 'intelligence agents, gendarmes, spies, saboteurs, landowners, factory owners and officials'.
The term 'Katyn massacre' originally referred to the massacre, at Katyn Forest near villages of Katyn and Gnezdovo (about 12 miles (19 km) west of Smolensk, Russia), of Polish military officers confined at the Kozelsk prisoner-of-war camp. It is applied now also to the execution of prisoners of war held at Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps, and political prisoners in West Belarus and West Ukraine, shot on Stalin's orders at Katyn Forest, at the NKVD (Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) Smolensk headquarters and at a slaughterhouse in the same city, as well as at prisons in Kalinin (Tver), Kharkiv, Moscow, and other Soviet cities.
The 1943 discovery of mass graves at Katyn Forest by Germany, after its armed forces had occupied the site in 1941, precipitated a rupture of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Polish government-in-exile in London. The Soviet Union continued to deny responsibility for the massacres until 1990, when it acknowledged that the NKVD secret police had in fact committed the massacres and the subsequent cover-up. The Russian government has admitted Soviet responsibility for the massacres, although it does not classify them as war crimes or as acts of genocide, as this would have necessitated the prosecution of surviving perpetrators, which is what the Polish government has requested. It also does not classify the dead as the victims of Stalinist repressions, in effect barring their formal posthumous rehabilitation.
On 13 April 1990, the forty-seventh anniversary of the discovery of the mass graves, the USSR formally expressed 'profound regret' and admitted Soviet secret police responsibility.
That day is also an International Day of Katyn Victims Memorial (Światowy Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Katynia).
After Poles and Americans discovered further evidence in 1991 and 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin released and transferred to the new Polish president, former Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa, top-secret documents from the sealed package no. 1.
In June 2008, Russian courts consented to hear a case about the declassification of documents about Katyn and the judicial rehabilitation of the victims. In an interview with a Polish newspaper, Vladimir Putin called Katyn a 'political crime'.
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC 58.jpg
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC V/2 5867 viewsAnt, 23mm, 4.19g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing L with caduceus and cornucopia.

Trier, Officina B.

RIC 58, Common.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,67 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Providentia standing right, holding two ensigns, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: *//KAA,, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes:6h,
mint: Serdica 2nd emission, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, p-,(845var-p-110), Pink-p-45(33)var
Ptolemy I67 viewsSilver tetradrachm, BMC 57, VF, 14.0g, 25.4mm, 40o, Miletus, Ionia? mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, minute D behind the ear; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P over MI monogram in left field; high relief, toned, reverse off center
1 commentssalem
PTOLEMAIC EGYPT - Ptolemy VI Philometer & Ptolemy VIII67 viewsPTOLEMAIC EGYPT - Ptolemy VI Philometer & Ptolemy VIII - 170-164 B.C.E. AE 31. Obv.: Diademed head of Zeus Ammon right. Rev.: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ Two eagles standing left side by side on thunderbolts, double cornucopia in the left field. 31.4 mm 29.115 g., Alexandria mint. Reference: Svoronos 1424, SNG Cop 340 ff., Noeske 212 ff., Hosking 75, Weiser 142 (Ptolemy V), SGCV II 7900. Ex-FORVM. Two eagles on the reverse may be symbolic of Ptolemy VI and his younger brother.dpaul7
Punic D 3.jpg
Tanit Punic67 viewsBillon 2 Shekels - Cathage - 300 BC
Weight: 10.9 gms
Obv.: Wreathed head of Tanit left ; Rev.: Horse standing right, palm behind.

SNG 190
Anonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,67 viewsAnonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,
avers:- Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; two pellets (mark of value) above.
revers: - ROMA, Prow of galley right; two pellets (mark of value) below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 22,57g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:217-215 B.C., ref: Crawford 38-5, Sydenham 85,
SPAIN - PHILIP IV67 viewsPhilip IV (1621-1665) Copper, 4 Maravedis Resellado. Dated 1659, Cuenca mintmark. It appears this was the SECOND revaluation. The VIII with CUenca mintmark would have been done between 1651 and 1655. Type #31 (Cayon).dpaul7
RI 064fi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -67 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
RI 141e img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 22067 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust facing right
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding a thunderbolt and a sceptre, small figure of Diocletian before
Minted in Ticinum (QXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V Part 2 Ticinum 220
RIC IV 536. Veneri Victr. 193-96.67 viewsObv. Draped bust right IVLIA DOMNA AVG
Rev. Venus, seen from behind, standing right, leaning upon column to left, holding palm frond and apple VENERI VICTR

18mm, 3.54g, 12h. Rome mint. Struck under Septimius Severus, circa AD 193-196. RIC IV 536 (Septimius); RSC 194

Near Extremely Fine.
RIC 0747 Domitianus67 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS AVGVSTUS, Laureate head right
AU/Aureus (19.44 mm 7.435 g 6h) Struck in Rome 92-94 A.D.
RIC 747 (C), BMCRE 211, BNF 187
ex Inasta Auction 11 lot 339
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Rome, Lead Seal, #19,67 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #19,quadrans
Roman Empire, Maximinus I (235-238) AR Denarius (RIC-19)67 viewsObv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate draped bust facing right
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter
3 commentsSpongeBob
RPC-1648-Vespasian67 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC-1942-Vespasian67 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.44g
Antioch mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 1942 (12 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPAT KAIΣA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l., with drapery on far shoulder
Rev: T ΦΛAYI OYEΣΠ KAIΣ ETOYΣ NEOY IEPOY; Laureate Head of Titus, r.; in l. field, star; in r. field, B
Acquired from Athena Numismatics, February 2015.

A RPC group 2 tetradrachm attributed to Antioch, but style wise very similar to Alexandria. RPC speculates these Alexandrian style tetradrachms were either struck in Alexandria and then shipped to Antioch, or less likely Alexandrian mint workers were temporarily striking coins in Antioch. At any rate, there was a massive output of silver from Antioch just prior to and after the siege of Jerusalem and apparently the Antioch mint was supplemented by the only other major mint in the region to meet demands. Titus was put in charge of the siege by Vespasian, which is most likely why he figured prominently in the region's coinage. These coins are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were used for military pay.

I'm quite attracted to this coin's almost crude 'Alexandrian' style. A lovely big and chunky piece in hand.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC-2411-Vespasian67 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.79g
Alexandria mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 2411 (43 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LB before neck
Rev: EIPHNH; Eirene standing l., with corn-ears and caduceus
Acquired from MUSA, August 2014.

Alexandria was the first city to proclaim for Vespasian in July 69 and most likely was the first mint to strike coins for him. This coin is dated year 2. Alexandrian years began on 29 August, so it was minted between 29 August 69 and 28 August 70. Vespasian did not initially accept the title ΣEBA (Augustus) on the year one issue, but did so by year 2. The reverse type of Eirene was quite a common reverse and was a very appropriate type for the new emperor to strike during an ongoing civil war. The Alexandrian tetradrachm was worth the same as a denarius.

A really great example of the type in wonderful Alexandrian style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
1978 MANUEL AE HALF TETARTERON S-1978 DOC 21 CLBC 4.4.867 viewsOBV Bust of Christ beardless and nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scrolls in l. hand. Pellet in each limb of nimbus cross
REV Full length figure of emperor, bearded, wearing uncertain dress (stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion?) holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. Globus cruciger.

Size 19mm
Weight 3.23gm

DOC lists 3 examples with weights ranging from 2.66 gm to 2.75 gm with sizes all 20mm

This coin differs from S-1981 not only by size but DOC notes a beard on Christ on S-1981 where as S-1978 is beardless , I however am finding that a difficult distinction to concur with, the beard on Christ can be a simple dot on his chin, however with this style of coins I am finding the lighter weight coins with perhaps a beard with one dot on chin in another example a series of dots making the beard, in these larger and heavier beards the dot on the chin is still there but not as distinct. Interesting to note that Hendy did not note a beard in his 1969 book but in his latter DOC works he does, the earlier catalogs such as Ratto do note a difference in the two styles because of the weight and beard.

This coin is a choice example Good Very Fine.
1 commentsSimon
Sabina 40.jpg
Sabina - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST67 viewsObv:- SABINA AVGVSTA IMP HADRIANI AVG, Diademed, draped bust right

Justinian I, AE Follis, sear 22067 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield with horseman motif, cross to right
Reverse: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right XXII (22) , sometimes on a star or crescent, officina letter below A , mintmark 9HU o over P
Mint: Antioch
Year 548/9 CE
Sear 220a
36mm, 18.59g
BYZANTINE, ALEXIUS I AE Tetarteron S- Unlisted DOC 41 CLBC 2.4.1167 views
OBV Monogram of Alexius.

REV Bust of Emperor wearing stemma divitision and jeweled loros of traditional type holds in r. hand jeweled scepter and in l. gl. cr.

Size 16/18mm

Weight 2.3gm

This is believed to be a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. Grierson believed this coin to be an imitation and Hendy's original catalog mentioned the coin as mythical , a coin had been published a century before but no currently known examples.
By the time DOC IV was published twenty years latter, one was found in the collection of the museum of Istanbul.

My example has now been published in BULLETIN du cercle d'etudeas Numismatiques VOL 52 Jan 2015 by Cedric Wolkow, three examples are shown. This one appears to be in the best condition.

DOC lists the above coin as the only example( Istanbul Museum ) Weight 3.74gm and size at 17mm. Mine is considerable lighter.
Sear 202267 viewsLatin occupation of Constantinople (1204 – 1261 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.4g , diameter 29mm. This is Hendy’s “Latin Type B”, large module, attributed to the years 1210-1220, overlapping the last years of Henry of Flanders (1205-1216) and the succeeding troubled period following the election of Peter II of Courteney. Abu Galyon
Septimius Severus67 views3 commentsfordicus
Septimius Severus AR denarius, 202-210 AD, Rome67 viewsSeptimius Severus
AR denarius – 19mm
Rome, 202-210 AD
Head, laureate, r.
the Dea Caelestis riding r., on a lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre: below, waters gushing from rock
RIC 266
Thracia, Serdika, 18. Caracalla, HrJ viewsCaracalla AD 198-217
AE 30, 17.30g
bust, laureate, r.
Emperor, in muscle armour and with waving chlamys, riding on horse r.,
holding bridle in l. hand and spear in raised r. hand. Below him an enemy with
Phrygian cap, fleeing r., head turned backwards.
Ruzicka 346 var. (has AVRH CEVH); Hristova/Jekov No. (R6); Varbanov (engl.) 2229 var. (has ANTWNEINOC)
very rare, VF, nearly black patina
4 commentsJochen
Silesia under Bohemia. Ferdinand I, AD .jpg
SILESIA - Under Bohemia, Ferdinand I67 viewsSILESIA - Under Bohemia, Ferdinand I (1522-1564). AR Pfennig, Uniface.
Side-by-side coats of arms; date 1533 above; "F" below. Reference: Schulten #4058.
Julia Domna, Stobi67 viewsMACEDONIA, Stobi.

Julia Domna,

Draped bust

Victory advancing left with Trophy
1 commentsarizonarobin
1727. Leopold I: Reconstruction Of The Bridge In The Forest Of Haye. 67 viewsObv: Leopold to right, in peruke, wearing armor and the Order of the Golden Fleece LEOPOLDVS. I. D.G. DVX. LOT. BAR. REX. IER
Rev: A traveling horseman going over bridge toward Abundance in countryside. In background landscape a herm of Mercury PROVIDENTIA. PRINCIPIS
AE64mm. Ref: Forrer V, p. 309, #6; Slg. Florange 171; Molinari 40/120; Europese Penningen # 1739

Leopold Joseph Charles (Leopold I) (1679-1729), Duke of Lorraine and Bar (1697), was the son of Charles V, Duke of Lorraine and Bar. This medal commemorates further the many reconstruction projects that Leopold I, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, fostered during his reign, in this case, the reconstruction of the bridge in the forest of Haye. The reverse alludes to the fact that the bridge increased commerce (Mercury) in Lorraine and led to more abundance for its inhabitants.
A herm, referred to in this medal, is a statue consisting of the head of the Greek god Hermes mounded on a square stone post. Hermes is the god of commerce, invention, cunning and theft, who also serves as messenger and herald for the other gods.
SWEDEN -- JOHAN III 67 viewsSWEDEN -- JOHAN III (1568-1592) AR 1/2-Ore, 1583. Obv.: Crowned Swedish arms DIVIDES DATE 8 - 3; MONETA NOVA • REG • SVECI Rev.: Crowned Vasa arms divide •I - R• monogram; IOHANNES • 3 • D • G • SVECI • REX Reference: SM #92.dpaul7
URI - Switzerland67 viewsURI - Switzerland - 1 Schilling, 1624. Billon. Obverse: Nimbate St. Martin with sword and scepter. SANCT' MARTIN'
Rev.: Crowned double-headed eagle. Date below divided by small shield. MON SVITENSIS.
Hieron II AE Hemilitron67 viewsObv: Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Rev: IEPΩNOΣ - Mounted horseman galloping right, holding spear, monogram to right.
Cat #: SNG Cop 842
1 commentsoa
Syria67 viewsUnited Arab Republic (1958-1961)
Km82 - 5 Piastres - 1948 (AH1367)
Syria Arab Republic (1961-)
Km100 - 5 Piastres - 1971 (FAO)
Km95 - 10 Piastres - 1965 (AH1385)
Km98 - 1 Pound - 1971
Daniel F
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #267 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,57g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue,, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
GREEK, Attica, Athens, AR tetradrachm, 431-415 B.C.67 views Circa 431/415 BC
25,5mm / 17,16 grms ; die axis 9h
Obverse: "Archaic style" head of Athena, wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll.
Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl, olive twig, and crescent moon.
S. #2526.
3 commentsmoneta romana
Tetricus II SPES PVBLICA RIC 272.jpg
Tetricus II SPES PVBLICA RIC V/2 27267 viewsAnt, 16x18mm, 2.10g.

Obverse: C PIV ESV TETRICVS AVG, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking L holding flower and raising robe.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 272, Common.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus I, Trier mint, struck 273-274 AD, AE Antoninianus67 viewsIMP C TETRICVS P F AVG radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVGG Virtus standing left, holding shield and spear
RIC V 148; Cohen 207; AGK 14a
Thasos stater67 viewsca. 500 BC
22 mm, 9.52 g
obv: satyr advancing right, carrying protesting nymph
rev: quadripartite incuse
2 commentsareich
Théodose II solidus.jpg
Theodosius II - solidus of Constantinople67 viewsD.N. THEODOSIVS P.F. AVG. , helmeted bust facing holding spear and shield
IMP. XXXXII COS. XVII P.P. , Constantinople* seated left holding cross on globe, foot on prow ; exergue : CONOB

*The description in Sear says it is Roma. But Roma is never depicted with a foot resting on a prow. Constantinople does, and it must be a commemoration of the naval battle of Chrysopolis, not far from there, won by Constantine the Great against his rival Licinius.
2 commentsGinolerhino
ROMAN EMPIRE, Theodosius II, AV Solidus67 viewsD N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust head 3/4 right with spear across shoulder & shield decorated with horseman spearing enemy. GLOR ORVI-S TERRAR, Theodosius II standing facing, holding standard and cross on globe; * to left, TESOB.
Original lustre still there.
1 commentsOptimus
GREEK, Thessalian League Apollo Drachm67 views196-146 B.C.
4.15 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) behind
Rev: Athena Itonia standing right, with shield and about to hurl spear, ΘEΣΣA - ΛΩN to sides, bunch of grapes on vine right, Π-O / Λ-Y (magistrate) across lower fields
Sear 2234 var.; BMC Thessaly p.4, 36-37; (SNG Cop 300)
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!67 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TSΔVI, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/ V, R4!!!
avers:- FL-IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-CAES, 5,B4.l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, Wreath VOT/ V with in.
exergo: -/-//TSΔVI, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113, p-512,, R4!!!
Roman, Tiberius AR Denarius67 viewsAttribution: RIC I 30, RSC II 16a, SRCV I 1763, Lugdunum
Date: 19 August, AD 14 – 16 March, AD 37
Obverse: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head r.
Reverse: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate legs to chair
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.6 grams
* NOTE: chipped piece & metal adhesions from prior mounting of coin as jewelry
2 commentsNoah
Countermarked Troas! :)67 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
Trajan * Victory, OPTIMO PRINC, Silver Denarius, 103-112 AD.67 views
Trajan, 98-117 AD. Silver Denarius

Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate head right, far shoulder draped.
Rev: COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing left extending wreath & holding palm frond.

Exergue: Empty

Mint: Rome
Struck: 103-112 AD.

Size: 19.4 mm.
Weight: 3.41 grams
Die axis: 170 degs.

Condition: Beautiful, bright, clear luster

RIC II 128
RSC 74.

Trajan Denarius, RIC II 267 viewsRome mint, Trajan Denarius, 98-99 A.D. AR, 19mm 2.74g, RIC II 2, RSC 212
O: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right
R: P M TR P COS II P P, Concordia seated holding patera over altar & cornucopia.
1 commentscasata137ec
Unpublished silver drachm, pre-Islamic Sind, India, ca.600-700 AD - "HaPi" type 67 viewsUnpublished silver drachm, pre-Islamic Sind, India, ca.600-700 AD - "HaPi" type

Notes: Four dots and various lines, probably representing the extreme degeneration of a bust of a horse, Brahmi letters "Ha" and "Pi" / Blank. 17 mm, 1.4 grams. Completely unpublished, though related to the small crude Sind coins that are known.

The provenance of these coins is uncertain. Most authorities attribute it to 7th century Sind based on the shape of the Brahmi letters and the similarity of these coins to the late pre-Islamic and early Islamic coins of Sind. However, attribution to the very late period of Guptas and to the 6th or 7th century Gujarat are also possible.
Antonio Protti
Vespasian-RIC-1412A67 viewsAR Denarius, 3.07g
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1412A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., horizontal Φ
Acquired from Munthandel G Henzen, February 2017.

A previously unknown type for Vespasian's Ephesian denarii dated COS II (group 3). Before this specimen surfaced the Victory advancing right type was only known for COS III (group 5) and later issues at Ephesus. Normally for COS II Victory is advancing left, so, this is the earliest example of the Victory advancing right. The mint mark is a bit obscured, but under examination with a loupe I believe it to be Φ. I alerted Ted Buttrey about the coin and he has assigned it as RIC 1412A in the upcoming RIC II Addenda.

Good Ephesian style and large flan. Better in hand.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Valerian II, RIC V 367 viewsColonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, Valerian II as Caesar Antoninianus, 253-255 A.D. AR, 22mm 3.83g, RIC V 3; MIR 36, 907e; RSC 26
O: VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: IOVI CRESCENNI, Infant Jupiter seated facing, raising hand, on goat advancing r.
2 commentscasata137ec
Valerian Junior 40.jpg
Valerian Jr. - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST67 viewsObv:- LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

Velia, Lucania; AE12; Athena right/ Tripod67 viewsVelia, Lucania, 2nd - 1st century B.C. AE 12mm, 1.77g; Obv: Helmeted Athena right, in crude style. Rev: Tripod. Ex Colin E. Pitchfork, Jason FaillaPodiceps
67 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (19mm - 3.53 g). Rome mint. Struck 77-8 AD. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / IMP XIX, Sow walking left with three piglets. RIC II 982; BMCRE 212; RSC 213.3 commentspaul1888
Roman Empire, Vespasian, RIC 54467 viewsVespasian, 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius, 3.16g. 21.41mm. Rome, 73 A.D.
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS. Laureate head of Vespasian to right.
Rev: MAXIM PONTIF. Nemesis walking to right holding caduceus over snake.
C 385, RIC 544. 
Ex: E. E. Clain-Stefanelli collection. Ex: Numismatica Ars Classica - Auction 92 Part 2, Lot 2133 May 24, 2016; Ex: Ed waddell
4 commentsorfew
VIBIA 11 - AE as.67 viewsC. Vibius C.f. Pansa (c. BC 90)Rugser
Taras, Calabria67 views302 - 281 BC (Period VI)
AR Drachm (16mm, 3.09g, 3h)
Nikokrates magistrate.
O: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla throwing stone.
R: Owl with closed wings standing right on Ionic capital, head facing; [NIKO]KPAT[HΣ] to left, TA to right.
Vlasto 1099 (this coin); HN Italy 1052
From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1099.
“Michel P. Vlasto was born in Athens on the 1st February 1874 and studied in Marseilles.
… He was a born artist and very good at drawing. His artistic feeling made him a real worshipper of Greek art; everything beautiful charmed him; if he could have done so a museum would have been his home. The real pleasure he felt in admiring a beautiful work of Greek art was so intense that he used to say he could not imagine life without Art and that Beauty and Happiness went together. As a result he could not feel happy unless he was surrounded by Beauty. The room where he used to spend most of his leisure was a kind of temple in which a few perfect specimens of Greek art were the idols he worshipped in a real religious way.
… But all these splendid surroundings were only the frame of the world famous collection of Tarentine coins which represented his chief interest in life and really his sole hobby. But he did not limit himself to collecting coins as most collectors do; he was a real self-made scholar; his knowledge of Tarentine numismatic was complete; there was not a single coin in a public or private cabinet which he did not know, and nothing was said or written about Tarentum, its history and its art which escaped him. He published several contributions to numismatics and many of his books are famous.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
4 commentsEnodia
VBERITAS AVG67 viewsVolusianus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
bust seen from front
L. Thorius Balbus, Denarius66 viewsRome mint, 105 BC
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing a goat's skin, ISMR behind
Bull charging right, L above (control letter), L. THORIVS BALBVS in two lines at exergue
3.93 gr
Ref : RCV # 192, RSC, Thoria # 1
3 commentsPotator II
Philadelphia, Lydia66 views159-133 B.C.
Bronze Æ16
4.84 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Macedonian shield
Rev.: ΦIΛAΔEΛ/ΦEΩN above and below thunderbolt, monogram above, all within olive wreath
BMC Lydia, p.187, 1, 2; Sear 4723; cf SNG Von Aulock 3060.

Another view
2 commentsJaimelai
Caligula AE As66 viewsRIC I 38 Rome, C 27
10.61 g, 28 mm
Struck 37-38 AD
VESTA above, S C across field, Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre
Mark Z
02 Constantius II66 viewsConstantius II AE22. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind bust / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing Hair straight up horseman who is reaching backwards, AMB in ex.
Amiens 48

Constitution - 12 deniers 1791 A66 viewsAtelier de Paris (A)
LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCOIS, buste drapé a gauche, A sous le buste
LA NATION LA LOI LE ROI rose 1791 . 3 . DELALIB . faisceau surmonté d'un bonnet phrygien entre deux branches de chêne
11.82 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2253
We now have a King being on the same level as his subjects and the Law. He his king of the french instead of being king of France
1 commentsPotator II
FAUSTINA II66 viewsAR denarius. 161-175 AD. Diademed and draped bust right. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. / Juno seated left,holding patera and sceptre,peacock at feet. IVNONI REGINAE. RIC 698 (M.Aurelius). RSC 145.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
2 commentsbenito
Caracalla, Tetradrachm66 viewsTetratrachm struck in Antioch, c.209-212 AD
AVT KAI ANTWNEIN C CEB, Laureate bust of Caracalla right
DHMARX.....PATO.TO.TOG, Eagle facing with wreath in beak
13.65 gr
Ref : Sear #2649 var, Prieur # 214A_001 (unique to date with this reverse legend lacking C : "should" be TOC.TOG. Thanks to Michel Prieur for the additionnal informations)
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus Sestertius66 viewsRIC III 1426 Rome
28.65 g, 30 mm x 33 mm
L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIA AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
TR POT V IMP II COS II, Verus standing, head left, holding spear, two standards at each side, SC in exergue.
2 commentsMark Z
Macrinus, Denarius66 viewsDenarius struck in Rome in AD 217
IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate bust of Macrinus right
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing holding thunderbolt and sceptre, protecting a small figure of Macrinus
2.76 gr
Ref : Cohen #37, RCV #7337
1 commentsPotator II
Maximus, Denarius66 viewsDenarius struck in Rome in 236 AD
MAXIMVS CAES GERM, Bare bust of Maximus right
PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Maximus standing left with two standards
3.31 gr
Ref : Cohen #10, RCV #8406

Potator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0166 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
China, Ming Rebels, Li Zi Cheng (aka Chuan Wang), AD 164466 viewsChina, Ming Rebels, Li Zi Cheng (aka Chuan Wang), AD 1644, Large AE 5 Cash (36mm•14.39gm).

O: Yong Chang Tong Bao. R: Plain. Jen 626. VF.

Mysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,66 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Gallienus, Antoninianus66 viewsRome mint
IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right
APOLLINI CONS AVG, Griffin left. II at exergue
3.18 gr
Ref : Cohen # 77, RCV # 10180v, Göbl # 718z
2 commentsPotator II
Gallienus, Antoninianus66 viewsAntioch mint, AD 265-266
GALLIENVS AVG radiate head left
AETERNITAS AVG she wolf standing right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. Branch at exergue
3,9 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC V-1 # 628, Göbl # 1628a
2 commentsPotator II
Saloninus, Middle bronze - *66 viewsRome mint, AD 258-260
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus standing left holding globe and spear. A captive at his feet. S - C in field Mintmark ? at exergue
7.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 10778 v, Cohen # 90, RIC # 34
Potator II
Gallienus Antoninianus66 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue.
MIR records only 2 examples of this variety
Ex: Malloy Antiquities, FORVM
3 commentsMark Z
Thrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,66 viewsThrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,
avers:- AYT-K-M-AYP-CEV-ANTΩ-NEINOC, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Homonia left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 12,25g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554,
1 commentsquadrans
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0082var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AEQVITAS AVG G, Aeqvitas standing left, Rare! #166 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0082var., Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, AEQVITAS AVG G, Aeqvitas standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: AEQVITAS AVG G, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:20-22mm, weight:3,70g, axis:6h,
mint: Antioch, date: ??? A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-082var., p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0166 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #01
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-22,7mm, weight: 4,15g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
P. Licinius Nerva. 113-112 BC66 viewsP. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius. Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169.1 commentsecoli
Valentinian I Solidus66 viewsRIC IX 2b Antoich
4.11 g, 21 mm, 5h
DN VALENTINI-ANVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
RESTITVTOR REPVBLICAE, Valentinian stg. facing, head r., holding Victory on globe and vexillum
ANTD(elta)* (reverse xxx)
Ex: Roma Num.
3 commentsMark Z
210 Gordian III66 viewsRef Gordian III AR Antoninianus, RIC 86, RSC 121
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing right with wreath & rudder . RSC 121.
4.7 g.

better photo
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constans, RIC VIII 100 v, Thessalonica66 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
2 Victories facing, holding wreaths.
Exe: SMTS gamma, (dot) in center
Date: 341-347 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "R5" Unlisted headwear.
Trebonianus Gallus, antoninianus. (Simpson & Boyd collection) 66 viewsTrebonianus Gallus (A.D. 251-253), antoniniano, zecca di Roma o Antiochia
AE, 2.60 gr, 23,0 mm, aVF (qBB)
D/ IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, busto radiato e drappeggiato di Treboniano a dx
R/ IVNO MARTIALIS, Juno seduta a sx, con cereali e uno scettro di traverso
RIC 69; RCV 9631
NOTA: l'attribuzione alla zecca di Roma (o in alternativa Antiochia) viene dalla titolatura. Se fosse Milano, infatti, secondo Mattingly e Carson si dovrebbe avere IMP CAE C VIB TREB
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (20 gennaio 2009, numero catalogo 32), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 Settembre 2005), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, 16 dicembre 1889), ex dr. Simpson collection (London, fino al 1889).
Trajan Denarius - Pax (RIC 190a)66 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-107 AD

Obv: Laureate draped bust of Trajan (R).

Rev: PAX (Peace) standing (L) holding Branch and Cornucopia, resting foot on a Dacian captive.

RIC II 190a RSC 405a
2 commentsKained but Able
Basiliscus AE466 viewsRIC X 1014 Constantinople
0.94 g, 10 mm
D N bASIL........AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Basiliscus monogram within wreath
KOC in exergue
2 commentsMark Z2
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Constantinopolis, Struck at Trier (TR dot P)66 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS
Rev: Victory on Prow, Holding Scepter
Greek decorated guttus (oil lamp filler)66 viewsGuttus in orange terracotta with black glaze and central medallion showing a facing head, probably Apollo.

275-225 B.C. Apulian. Greek colonies of S. Italy. Maximum diameter 11.08 cms (4.37 inches).

Glaze retouched on the central medallion but intact.

Ex London trade in 2007.

Ex Lodge Antiquities

3 commentsPhiloromaos
Poland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630.66 viewsPoland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630. Crowned arms and titles / Orb with value in center divides date (16)3-0.

KM 11
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.66 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him £15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
German states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A.66 viewsGerman states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A. FRIEDR. WILH. III KOENIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / 30 EINEN THALER, 1 SILBER GROSCHEN, SCHEIDE MUNZE.

KM 410
German States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 183166 viewsGerman States, Bavaria. Ludwig I 1825 - 1848. Copper pfennig. 1831. Crowned arms / value and date.

KM 384
Lambda-shaped letter66 viewsARABIA or PHENICIA (?). Uncertain mint. Uncertain emperor. Æ 21. 1st-2nd Century A.D.(?). Obv: Inscription illegible. Imperial bust right. Rev: Inscription illegible. City goddess seated right. Axis: 360°. Weight: 6.58 g. CM: Lambda-shaped letter with horizontal on top, dot on either side, in oval punch, 6.5 x 5 mm . Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
FAKE - Thrace-Istros; 400-350 BC66 viewsAR-Drachm
Obv: Two young male heads,facing side by side,one upright,the one on right inverted.
Rev: Sea eagle facing left, grasping dolphin with talons,which it attacks with its beak,
IΣTPIH above,A below.
Size: 16mm;4.93gms
Ref: BMC Tauric Chersonese,Thrace,Vol.3,Pg.25,No.2
BMC Black Sea 240
Sear 1669 var.
Brian L
208- Vetranio.JPG
Vetranio66 viewsAE2, Sisca mint, 350 AD
Obverse: DN VETRANIO PF AVG, Laureate , Draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor standing, holding Labarum and transverse scepter, being crowned from behind by Victory.
(pellet) ESIS* in exergue
RIC 292
22 mm , 4.5gm.
2 commentsJerome Holderman
201. Septimius Severus; Seleucia ad Calycadnum. CILICIA66 viewsCILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. Æ (28mm, 11.64 g, 12h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Athena standing left, holding shield and spear, about to attack serpent-legged Giant to right. SNG France -; SNG Levante 736 var. (view of bust); SNG Levante Suppl. -; SNG Copenhagen -. Near VF, dark green and brown patina, two scratches before bust.

Ex - CNG Esale 239 lot 320


After Zeus had defeated the Titans in the Titantomachy and apportioned their former relatives to his fellow Olympians, he was compelled to resolve a conflict with the Giants, offspring of Gaia and Cronus. Known as the Gigantomachy, these chthonic half-man, half-serpent creatures attempted to wrestle power from the Olympians by casting them out of Olympus. To accomplish this, the Giants attempted to reach Olympus by heaping up one mountain range on top of the other. From above, Zeus and the other Olympians defended themselves by hurling their weapons. In the end, however, it was the assistance of Hercules, that won the day.
5 commentsecoli
Faustina Junior, Judaea66 viewsJUDAEA, Gaza.
Æ 16mm; 3.95 g

Draped bust right

Herakles standing right, leaning on club, lion’s skin over arm; Marnas symbol to left.
date HKC at top left - Dated 228 (AD 167/168)

Mionnet V, 159 corr.; Rosenberger 105 var; SNG ANS 936 var (reverse legend).

From the J.S. Wagner Collection /Ex-CNG
wildwinds example (this coin)
MARCO ANTONIO, denario (43-31 a.C.) Legio V66 viewsMarco Antonio (83-30 a.C.), denario.
AR, gr. 3,7; mm 18,2; 180°; BB/qBB,
D/ LEG V, Aquila legionaria tra stendardi.
R/ ANT AVG III VIR R P C, galera.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 gennaio 2008, numero catalogo 70); ex Artemide aste (San Marino, 2007).
2 commentspaolo
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III66 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Glass Bottle, Late 2nd - 4th Century A.D.66 viewsOlive-green bottle; Isings Form 102a, cf. Ontario Museum 209
12.7 cm (5") tall
Choice, clear olive-green, cylindrical body widening slightly from shoulder to base,
flat shoulder, cylindrical short neck, flared rim
intact with some cracks, attractive weathering
Ex: FORVM, Alex Malloy Collection
(Notes and Picture from FORVM website)
3 commentsMark Z
34. Baktria: Euthydemos II.66 viewsTetradrachm, ca 190-170 BC.
Obverse: Diademed bust of Euthydemos II.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΕΥΘΥΔΗΜΟΥ / Herakles standing, holding wreath, club, and lion's skin. PK monogram at left.
16.90 gm., 30 cm.
Sear #7536; Bepearachchi Serie 1C.
1 commentsCallimachus
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius66 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
4-Antiochus IX.JPG
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX66 viewsAE 19, 112-111 BC
Obv: Winged head of Eros right in circle of dots.
Nike standing left, arm horizontal, holding wreath, hand on waist.
6.1 grams, 19mm
Sear Greek-7173
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS 250-251 A.D Caesarea Maritima mint AE2866 viewsO:bust r, radiate and draped
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche r
1 commentsMaritima
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)66 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
R: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left.
RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87 SRCV III 8937

Very Heavy!
5 commentsMat
Caracalla Denarius - Liberalitas (RIC IV 216)66 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 210 -213 AD
3.66 g

Obv: Laureate bust of Caracalla (R)

Rev: LIBERALITAS standing (L) holding coin distributor and cornucopia.

RIC IV 216 RSC ?
Kained but Able
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)66 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Sicily. Akragas. Ca. 338-287 B.C.66 viewsÆ 18 mm. Laureate head of Zeus left. Rv. Eagle standing left, clutching hare which it is about to devour; above tail feathers, Δ. ancientone
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm66 viewsLampsakos mint (310-301 BC).
Price 1416
6 commentsMinos
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm66 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Macedonian Kings. Alexander III the Great 4dr, 336-323B.C. Price 78.66 viewsAlexander III the Great, 336-323 tetdradrachm.

Obv.: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.

Rev.: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and resting left on scepter, ithyphalic herm with irrigated penis in left field.

Amphipolis mint, lifetime issue. 17,3g - 26mm - Die axis 7 O´Clock.

EF, mint lustre. Considerably nicer surface than the scan indicates.

Price 78.
3 commentsLordBest
Alexander obol66 views10mm, 0.59g
uncertain Eastern mint
obv: head of Herakles wering lion-skin headdress right
rev: AΛEΣANΔPOY; Zeus on throne left, holding scepter and eagle

ex David Hendin, bought from bcmainland on Ebay 12/2010
2 commentsareich
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin66 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antonia Augusta66 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Head of Antonia right

Claudius veiled and togate standing left holding simpulum


Sear 1902

Antonia was the younger daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia and was born on January 31st 36B.C. She was married at age 20 to Tiberius' younger brother Nero Claudius Drusus and had two sons, the great Germanicus and the future emperor Claudius. She was widowed in 9 BC and refused to marry again and devoted her life to her families interests. Her wealth and status made her very influencial during Tiberius' reign and it was she who brought about the downfall of Sejanus.

On the accession of her grandson Caligula in 37 AD she received many honours but died later that year at the age of 73. She did not receive postumous honours until the reign of her son Claudius in 41 AD and all of the coinage in Antonia's name was issued by Claudius.
Jay GT4
Antoninus Pius denarius66 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius, RIC 770, Sestertius of AD 145-147 (Felititas)66 viewsÆ sestertius (29.70, 32mm, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII laureate head right
FELICITAS · AVG · (around) S C (in field), Felicitas standing facing, head left, holding capricorn (or hippocamp) right and winged caduceus left.
RIC 770; BMC 1677; Cohen 363; Strack 989; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 150 (26 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values II) 4174.
ex Triton XI (2008)
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, ANTONINUS PIUS sestertius, RIC 60766 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,67g, Ø 33mm, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 142.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev.: IOVI STATORI (around) S C (field), Jupiter, naked, standing front, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
RIC 607 (rare); BMCRE 1247 var. (hd. left; note: variant with hd. right not in B.M.); Cohen 460; Strack 835 (3 spec. for hd. r.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 188 (3 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4184.
Ex CNG 91
2 commentsCharles S
Roman Empire, Caracalla, AE As, Rome mint, struck 215 AD66 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP, S-C Aesculapius standing left
RIC 553a; Cohen 304
1 commentsdupondius
Pamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater66 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater
Two naked athletes, wrestling, grasping each other by the arms. Reverse. Slinger advancing right, wearing short chiton about to discharge his sling, triskales before and Pamphylian script ESTFEDIIUS behind, all in dotted square.

Struck with a rusty obverse die but still shows nice detail and toning.

Ex Baldwins
2 commentsPhiloromaos
07-03 GERMANICO (4 - 19 D.C.)66 viewsAE AS 28 mm 9.1 gr.
Emisión póstuma realizada por su hijo Caligula

Anv: "GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON P M TR P III P P" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 39 - 40 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 (Gaius) #43var, Pag.111 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 (Caligula) #1821var, Pag.360 - BMCRE (Gaius) #60 - Cohen Vol.1 #4, Pag.224 - DVM #3 Pag.77 - CBN II #106, Pag.72
Octavian Quinarius, RIC 276, Victory66 viewsOBV: CAESAR IMP VII, bare head right
REV: ASIA RECEPTA, Victory standing left on cista mystica between two serpents erect
1.8g, 12mm

Uncertain Italian mint, 29-27 BC
1 commentsLegatus
(02) AUGUSTUS66 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 2 BC - 4 AD
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Laureate head of Augustus, right
R: C L CAESARES, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT Togate figures of Gaius and Lucius standing facing, holding spear and shield between them. Lituus on left, facing right; and simpulum on right, facing left
Lugdunum, RIC (I) 210.
(this is the scarcer mirror-image version of this reverse type, and shows the lituus on the left; and Gaius, with his shield in front of Lucius’ shield and the ladle by his head on the right)

3 commentslaney
Augustus, Italica, Roma, AE2766 viewsAE27, 10.8g
obv: bare head right
rev: Roma standing left holding spear, shield behind
RPC I 61

ex CNG EA 188, Lot: 467
2 commentsareich
Aurelian AE antoninianus, 270-275 AD, Mediolanum66 viewsAurelian
AE antoninianus – 22mm, 2.97g
Mediolanum, 270-275 AD
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Victory advancing r., extending wreath in r. hand, palm in l.
T in ex.
RIC Va 143

ex Forvm
2 commentsArdatirion
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi66 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Bahrain66 viewsKm2 - 5 Fils - 1965
Km3 - 10 Fils - 1965 (AH1385)
Km4 - 25 Fils - 1965
Km5 - 50 Fils - 1965
Km6 - 100 Fils - 1965
Daniel F
Roman Republic / C. Naevius Balbus. 66 viewsC. Naevius Balbus. 79 BC. AR Serrate Denarius . Rome mint. Diademed head of Venus right ( Roman goddess of love and beauty ) / Victory driving triga right; control-number XXXVI above. 3.90 gr . Nicely Toned , Choice XF , Crawford 382/1b; Sydenham 769b ; Naevia 6.

P.S.; Photo doesn't do any justice to this coin . In hand, coin is spectacular.

The Sam Mansourati Collection.

2 commentsSam
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1466 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #14
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// SIS, diameter: 17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-051, #0166 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-051, #01
avers:- Central point with small crosses above and below, vertical columns to the left and right, horizontal lines outside the columns, crescents at ends of the columns and the lines, crosses in the fields formed by the columns and lines, points at top and bottom.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of a legend, cross with points.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,4mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-051, CHN-1-069, Huszar-082, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-247, AR-Obulus, #0166 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-247, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross between two towers; crowned head facing above, line border.
revers: Crowned, winged lion standing left, line border.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-247_CNH-1-345_Huszar-337,
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.66 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.


The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
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