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Alexander_III_Kolophon.jpg
Alexander III - AR drachm60 viewsPhilip III in the name of Alexander III
Kolophon
322-319 BC
head of young Heracles in lion's skin right
Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, barleycorn under throne, spear-spike right
AΛEΞANΔPOY
Price 1751
3,86 g 17,5-16,5 mm
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
alexandria_hadrian_geissen1099.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Hadrian, Emmett 111460 viewsHadrian, AD 117-138
AE - Diobol, 10.17g, 24.17mm, 0°
Alexandria 133/34 (year 18)
obv. AVT KAIC TRAIAN - ADRIANOC CEB
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. Apis bull stg. r., head facing, between horns sun disk, crescent on flank; before burning altar
in ex L
in upper field IH (18)
ref. Emmett 1114; Geissen 1099; SNG Copenhagen 391; Demetrio 1428; Mionnet 1215
rare, about VF, brown patina
Jochen
Alexs_Bi-Tetradrachm_Q-001_axis-0h_18-20mm_8,17g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, Alexandria, Elpis left, L-B across the field,60 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3286, D-5875, Alexandria, Elpis left, L-B across the field,
avers:- A-K-M-A-OVA-MAΞIMIANOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L-B, Elpis (Hope) advancing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 8,17g, axes:0 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 286-287 A.D.,L-B year 2., ref: Geissen-3286, Dattari-5875, Kapmann-Ganschow-120.17-p-352,
Q-001
quadrans
amisos_pontos_BMC1208.jpg
Pontos, Amisos, BMC 120860 viewsAE 21, 7.33g
struck under Mithradates VI, AD 120-63
obv. (anepigraphic)
Youthfull head of Dionysos, wreathed with ivy, r.
rev. Cista mystica, thyrsos behind, with taenia and panther-skin
beneath AMYSOY
monogram in l. field
BMC 1208; SNG Copenhagen 146; Sear GIC 3640
about VF, earthen highlights on the devices
1 commentsJochen
Andras-II__U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-001_10,5mm_0,36ga-s.jpg
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #0160 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Q-001
quadrans
AndyIIS2377.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica60 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
Laetvs
Antioch_Mint_Elagabalus_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin60 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint. 21 mm 3.9 gram coin_1250
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath
Type I Waage 584

Antonivs Protti
Antioch_S___P_Mint_Marcus_Aurelius_Bronze_Coin.jpg
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin60 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold


Antonivs Protti
Antoniniano_Caracalla_RIC_289F.jpg
48-15 - CARACALLA (198 - 211 D.C.)60 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM" - Busto radiado, vestido y con coraza viendo a derecha, visto por detrás.
Rev: "P M TR P XX COS IIII P P" – Serapis estante de frente, viendo a izq., vistiendo Modius en su cabeza, portando una corona de espigas de trigo en mano del brazo der. Extendido y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 217 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #289f Pag.255 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6780 Pag.516 - BMCRE #187 var Pag.464 - Cohen Vol.IV #383 Pag.183 - RSC Vol. III #383 - DVM #6/3 Pag.194 - Hill CSS#1580
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antose13-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 60 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
antpius_RIC143d.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 158-159 AD60 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP (laureate head right)
rev: TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST COS IIII (octastyle temple [8 columns] in which the statues of Augustus and Livia reside)
ref: RIC III 143D (R), Cohen 809 (8frcs)
3.01 gms, 18mm,
Rare

History: The Temple of Divus Augustus was built between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, behind the Basilica Julia. It is known from Roman coinage that the temple was originally built to an Ionic hexastyle design (see my Caligula sestertius). During the reign of Domitian the Temple of Divus Augustus was destroyed by fire but was rebuilt and rededicated in 89/90 with a shrine to his favourite deity, Minerva. The temple was redesigned as a memorial to four deified emperors, including Vespasian and Titus.
It was restored again in the late 150s by Antoninus Pius, who was perhaps motivated by a desire to be publicly associated with the first emperor. The exact date of the restoration is not known, but the restored temple was an octostyle design with Corinthian capitals and two statues - presumably of Augustus and Livia - in the cella. The pediment displayed a relief featuring Augustus and was topped by a quadriga. Two figures stood on the eaves of the roof, that on the left representing Romulus and the one on the right depicting Aeneas leading his family out of Troy, alluding to Rome's origin-myth. The steps of the temple were flanked by two statues of Victory.
1 commentsberserker
ant_pan.jpg
Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C.; In the Name of the Seleukid King, Antiochus VII60 viewsSilver tetradrachm, (Houghton II 642 ff., SNG Spaer 1855, Newell SMA 282), Weight 16.560g, Max. diameter 27.9mm, Obv. diademed head of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII right, fillet border; Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXDOY EYEPΠETOY, Athena standing left, Nike in right, spear and shield in left, ligate ΔI / A left, Nike extends wreath into laurel wreath border. Toned, some light scratches.

EX. Forvm Ancient Coins

Background info, courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins;

Oliver Hoover, in Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, attributes this type to the Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C. The symbols were used on Cappadocian royal coinage, the coins are found in Cappadocian hoards and a tetradrachm naming the Cappadocian King Ariarathes VII Philometor (116 - 99 B.C.) bears the obverse portrait of Antiochus VII. He notes they may have been struck to pay foreign (Syrian?) mercenaries who preferred the types of Antiochus VII.

4 commentsSteve E
ap2.jpg
Antonius Pius 138-161 denarius60 viewsOb. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P laureate head right
Rev. COS IIII, Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
Ref. RIC 136, RSC 344, BMC 530

ANTONINVS AVGVSTS PIVS PATER PATRIAE Antonius Pius is your emperor and augustus, father of the country
CONSUL IIII Consul for the forth time


-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
AR-Celtic_Ring_Q-001_32,8x25,2x6,8mm_15,49g-s.jpg
AR-Celtic ring ???, #01,60 viewsAR-Celtic ring ???, #01,
size: 32,8x25,2x6,8mm,
weight:15,49g,
Q-001
quadrans
artikel_pic482.JPG
Magnia Urbica Ticinum60 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.
RIC347

Ex. SXXI

22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
ATGlifetimeDrachm.jpg
[301aby] Alexander III, The Great, 336-323 BC, AR Drachm (Lifetime Issue)60 viewsAlexander III, 336-323 BC, Silver Drachm; Minted during lifetime of Alexander the Great. Price-1503, Müller-907, struck 328-323BC at Abydus, 4.27 grams, 17.3 mm. Nice VF. Obverse: Head of young Herakles facing right, clad in lion's skin; Reverse: Zeus enthoned facing left, holding eagle and sceptre, his legs are parallel and resting on a stool, Hermes standing facing left in left field, monogram beneath throne. A very nice specimen of a lifetime drachm of Alexander III 'the Great' with Hermes as the mint symbol in the left field of the reverse. Just a touch of wear on both surfaces, but still quite attractive. Ex Glenn W. Woods.

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon (356-323 BC)

"Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the entire nature of the ancient world in little more than ten years.

Born in the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia in 356 BC, to Philip II and his formidable wife Olympias, Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Following his father's assassination in 336 BC, he inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom, which he had to secure - along with the rest of the Greek city states - before he could set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire, in revenge for Persia's earlier attempts to conquer Greece.

Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without incurring a single defeat. With his greatest victory at the Battle of Gaugamela, in what is now northern Iraq, in 331 BC, the young king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, Overlord of Asia Minor and Pharaoh of Egypt also became Great King of Persia at the age of 25.

Over the next eight years, in his capacity as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered some two million square miles.

The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. This was united by a common Greek language and culture, whilst the king himself adopted foreign customs in order to rule his millions of ethnically diverse subjects.

Primarily a soldier, Alexander was an acknowledged military genius who always led by example, although his belief in his own indestructibility meant he was often reckless with his own life and that of those he expected to follow him. The fact that his army only refused to do
so once, in the13 years of a reign during which there was constant fighting, indicates the loyalty he inspired.

Following his death in 323 BC at the age of only 32, his empire was torn apart in the power struggles of his successors. Yet Alexander's mythical status rapidly reached
epic proportions and inspired individuals as diverse as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Louis XIV and Napoleon.

He continues to be portrayed according to the bias of those interpreting his achievements. He is either Alexander the Great or Iskander the Accursed, chivalrous knight or bloody monster, benign multi-culturalist or racist imperialist - but above all he is fully deserving of his
description as 'the most significant secular individual in history'."

By Dr. Joann Fletcher
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml

"When Alexander saw the breadth of his domain, he wept for there were no more worlds to conquer."--attributed to Plutarch, The Moralia.
http://www.pothos.org/alexander.asp?paraID=96

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
ATHENA_OWL.jpg
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS60 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
2nd CENTURY BC
OBV: HELMETED HEAD OF ATHENA R
REV: OWL STANDING R, HEAD FACING, ON NE MONOGRAM
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
Augustus1_opt.jpg
Octavian Quinarius, RIC 276, Victory60 viewsOBV: CAESAR IMP VII, bare head right
REV: ASIA RECEPTA, Victory standing left on cista mystica between two serpents erect
1.8g, 12mm

Uncertain Italian mint, 29-27 BC
1 commentsLegatus
augustus2.jpg
Augustus As60 viewsOBV: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER
radiate head left
REV: S-C either side of large altar,
PROVIDENT in ex.
circa 31-37 AD
10.35g. 28.5mm
RIC 81 [tib], Cohen 228 [aug], BMC 146.
3 commentsmiffy
Aurelian_AE_antoninianus,__270-275_AD,_Mediolanum.jpg
Aurelian AE antoninianus, 270-275 AD, Mediolanum60 viewsAurelian
AE antoninianus – 22mm, 2.97g
Mediolanum, 270-275 AD
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
radiate, draped, cuirassed bust r.
Victory advancing r., extending wreath in r. hand, palm in l.
VICTORIA AVG
T in ex.
RIC Va 143

ex Forvm
2 commentsArdatirion
basic-setup.jpg
Basic cleaning setup60 views1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Basil II the Bulgarslayer~0.jpg
Basil II the Bulgarslayer 958-102560 viewsCoin 5

Basil II is perhaps the greatest Byzantine emperor. Under him, the empire was at its strongest. He defeated the Bulgars and relieved the great city of Antioch from the Arabs who were beseiging it. His sudden appearance after a forced march across Anatolia surprised the Muslim armies and threw them into panic. But he was not strong enough to march into Jerusalem.
1 commentsgoldcoin
BAVARIA_2_KR_1625.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165160 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1625. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1625 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.
dpaul7
belge_albert.jpg
Belgium: Albert I and Elizabeth 191060 viewsBelgium, Brass Medal (27 mm, loop) 1910, Albert I and ElizabethPodiceps
Belt_5.jpg
Sword Belt Plates 3rd century AD.60 viewsTwo sword belt (cingulum) plates circa 3rd century AD. Similar examples for the top example, which may have been found at the buckle end of the belt - hence its assymetrical shape -, can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume7, figure 38, #85 and at the Carnuntum Museum in Bad Altenbach. A similar example for the lower example can be found in the Dura Europos report, volume7, figure 38, #84.otlichnik
bpC1M2Constantinople.jpg
M2. Constantinople, RIC VII, 32 R360 viewsAe3 2.9 gm 19 mm Struck: 328 Mark: Є/CONS
Obv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG
Rosette diademed head, right. Gazing to heaven.
Rev: CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE
Victory seated on cippus facing left, but looking right; palm in each hand. Trophy in front and kneeling captive at feet turning head to look, but spurned by Victory.
Massanutten
bpL1H1Lici.jpg
H1. Licinius, Arelate RIC 196, R3, 319 AD60 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG
Licinius seated left, holding lightning bolt, sceptre over shoulder, all on eagle flying right.
3.5 gm 17.8 gm Ae3 Exergue: PARL
Comment: Issued by Constantine as a companion piece to his 'two Victories w/shield' series.
1 commentsMassanutten
bpS1S5Numerian.jpg
W3. Numerian60 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVG
Numerian standing right and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left.
Antoninianus, 2.6 gm, 19.7 mm, Antioch RIC 466
Massanutten
BRICK.jpg
Piece of Brick found in Pompeii60 viewsI found this on the ground while on the tour in Pompeii.
A good number of the buildings there were built using these long thin bricks.
Mark Z
Buckle-03_AR_Q-001_16x26mm_2,91g-s.jpg
Buckle #003 AR Buckle,60 viewsBuckle #003 AR Buckle,
type: AR Buckle,
size: 16x26mm,
weight: 2,91g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Byzantine-weight_H--AD-Q-034_9,7x9,4x2,1mm_1,31g-s.jpg
Byzantine AE weight, 1 Tremissis, Capital H with line border, #3460 viewsByzantine AE weight, 1 Tremissis, Capital H with line border, #34
type: Byzantine AE weight, "Capital H stands for the greek number 8. 8 means 8 keration which is equal to 1 tremissis "
size: 9,7x9,4x2,1mm,
weight: 1,31g,
date: 5th.-7th. centuries A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Byzantine,
Q-034
quadrans
B_038_Constantine-VII__Porphyrogenitus_(913-959_A_D_),_SB_1761,_AE-Follis,_Constantinopolis,-Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
B 038 Constantine-VII. Porphyrogenitus (913-959 A.D.), SB 1761, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #160 viewsB 038 Constantine-VII. Porphyrogenitus (913-959 A.D.), SB 1761, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #1
avers: CONST bASIL ROM, crowned bust of Constantine facing, with short beard and wearing vertical loros, holding akakia and cross on globe.
revers: + / CONST / EN QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exe: , diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1761,
Q-001
quadrans
Calabria_1c_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 89160 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Helmeted, nude warrior riding on horse right, transverse spear in right hand, large round shield behind, [ΦI before], ΦHRAE / ΛHTWΣ below.
Rev:– [T_A_RAS], Taras astride dolphin left, holding flower & cornucopiae; EI monogram & thymiaterion behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C. Pheraeletos as magistrate
Reference:– Vlasto 891 ???, SNG ANS 1209???. HN Italy 1037
4 commentsmaridvnvm
carac46~0.jpg
Temple of Diana60 viewsCaracalla --AE32, Augusta Trajana. R: Temple of Diana, tree on each side. cf. SNG Evelpedis 1037 3 commentsfeatherz
CaracallaYouthCapives.jpg
Caracalla60 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217. AR Denarius 19.5mm, 3.3 g. Rome mint. 201 / 202 AD.
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate and draped beardless young bust right
R: PART MAX PM TR P X, trophy; at base, bound captive seated at either side.
- RIC 322

A rare mule with a reverse meant for Septimius Severus.

The workmen can be excused for mixing up the dies, for in 201-202 exactly the same PART MAX Trophy type was being struck for both emperors, distinguished only by their titles in the continuation of the rev. legend, so easy to confuse:

PART MAX P M TR P VIIII or X or X COS III P P for Septimius,

PART MAX PONT TR P IIII or V or V COS for Caracalla.

Two others from the same rev. die, but different obv. dies: RIC 322 = BMC p. 385, 163, pl. 64.13; and CClay collection from eBay, Jan. 2007.

Another is reported by Cohen 174 (10 francs) from the Turin collection; and there were two more in the Reka Devnia hoard.
5 commentsNemonater
carinus_212.jpg
Carinus RIC V, 21260 viewsCarinus AD 283-285, son of Carus
AR - silvered Antoninianus, 3.95g, 22.6mm
mint of Lugdunum, 1st officina
obv. IMP CM AVR CARINVS AVG
bust radiated, draped and cuirassed, r.
rev. AEQVITAS AVGG
Aequitas stdg. l., holding scales and cornucopiae
in r. field A
RIC V/2, 212; C.8
about EF, rest of silvering

AEQUITAS, personification of a special aspect of justice. Not formal equal treatment, but fairness, concretisation of justice in judiciary.
Jochen
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C-(F)_VIRTVS-AVG-G_B_XXI_RIC-V-II-206-p-164-9th-off_Siscia,_282-83-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,58ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #160 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Q-001
quadrans
castuloeurop.jpg
SPAIN. Castulo.60 viewsAE unit ( AS ). Early 1st.century BC. 12,90 grs. Male head left. L. QVL. F. before. Q. ISC. F behind / Europa seated sideways on bull running right. She extends both her hands, her mantle floating in the wind like a double halo. M. C. F. below.
SNG BM Spain 1394. Villaronga ,CNH 70
2 commentsbenito
castulo_pan1.jpg
Castulo, Baetica, Spain, c. 150 - 100 B.C.?60 viewsBronze AE 30; Lindgren II 43, Sear GIC 15, (SNG BM Spain 1298); Weight 18.5 g, max. diameter 30.4 mm; Castulo mint, Obv. diademed young male head right, Rev. helmeted sphinx walking right, left leg raised [star before], KASTILO in Iberic script in ex; Dark olive patina, rev. edge bevelled.

Background Info., courtesy of Forvm Ancient Coins;

Of tradition, a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal and gained the alliliance of the city with the Carthaginian Empire. In 213 BCE, Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents of city and the city became an foederati (ally) of Rome.
1 commentsSteve E
cc46938a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-93960 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 939 (R), BMC 203, RSC 129
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l. Corn-ear upright in ground r.
F+
Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 235.

A rare variant containing a wheat-ear of the common Mars reverse, possibly to symbolize the peace and prosperity Roman arms has brought the people.

I had a difficult time finding a decent example of this type...patience has paid off and I'm very happy to add this respectable denarius to the collection.
Vespasian70
cf_V1239v.JPG
Taras, Calabria60 views345-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Diobol (12mm, 0.88g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles, holding club overhead, kneeling left on the back of the Nemean lion; [N]O above lion’s head, cornucopia to right.
Vlasto 1427; cf Cote 443-44; HN Italy 913
Scarce
ex JHE Auctions

A scarce little coin featuring yet another scene from Herakles’ epic battle with the Nemean lion.
5 commentsEnodia
Chedworth Baths Changing room 1.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 13, Bath complex, Mosaic detail60 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
maridvnvm
cherronese.jpg
Cherronessos Hemidrachm60 viewsCherronessos Hemidrachm Lion/Pellet and Grain ear within quadripartite incuse square.

Ex Agora
1 commentsAdrian S
Chinese4_obv.jpg
Kuang-hsu (1875 - 1908)60 viewsT’ung-pao
Kwangtung Province
1890-1908
Daniel F
CJSII-0393h.jpg
Diocletian Coded - B with O - Siscia - RIC 263var60 viewsIMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG (1); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate & cuirassed bust right (F); Jupiter on the right standing left and Diocletian on the left standng right facing each other, each sacrificing from patera, over a tripod type alter; with B in right field and XXIO in ex.cscoppa
Claudia3.JPG
Ap. Claudius Pulcher, T. Maloleius, Q. Urbinius denarius. 111-110 B.C60 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right, ?device behind.
Victory in triga right.
ex. AP CL T MA Q VR
Mallia 2, Claudia 3, Cr299/1b, Syd 570a
whitetd49
Claudius-II__AE-Ant_IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG_GENIVS-AVG_Gamma_RIC-46k_C-109_Roma_348-350-AD__Q-001_20-21mm_2,21g-s.jpg
Claudius-II (268-270 AD.) AE-Antoninianvs, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes,60 viewsClaudius-II (268-270 AD.) AE-Antoninianvs, Curious rotated or flipped double strikes,
avers:- IMP-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Radiate head right.
revers:- GENIVS-AVG, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia, Gamma in right field.
diameter: 20-21mm
weight: 2,21g
mint: Rome
date:
ref: RIC-46k, C-109,
Q-001
quadrans
CLAUD_ii.JPG
Claudius II Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 77860 viewsAE 20-21 mm 3.5 grams
OBV :: DIVO CLAVDIO. Radiate head right
REV :: CONSECRATIO. High altar with Garland in front, flames at top
EX :: none
Morgat-en-Crozon hoard 778
from uncleaned lot 08/2008
Johnny
Clipboard~45.jpg
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old60 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
lorry66
Clodivs_Albinvs.jpg
Denarius. Clodivs Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint.60 viewsDenarius for C. Albinvs. Lvgdvnvm mint. 195-96 AD.
3.15 grs and 18 mm.
Obs. : draped bust right. Around : IMP CAES D CLO SEP ALB AVG R.
Rev. : hands joining and carrying a legionary eagle. Around : FIDES LEGION COS II.
RIC 20 b.
2 commentslabienus
coin622.jpg
60 viewsGREEK; Antiochus III, King of Syria, 223-187 BC;
AE 12, Antioch mint; Obv: Laureated head of
Apollo right. Rev: Apollo standing left, holds
arrow and leans on bow. Houghton 70
Spaer 583 Coin #622
cars100
coin73.jpg
Aurelian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 160 viewsAurelian Potin Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 1
271-272 AD. A K L DOM AVPHLIANOC CEB, laureate
cuirassed bust right / L-A, eagle standing right,
wreath in its beak, palm behind milne 4356
This coin has an extremely high silver content.
The silver can actually be seen on all the high points
of the coin! Coin #73
2 commentscars100
coinM_copy.png
Greek, Syria, Apameia, ca.1st cent. B.C.60 viewsAE 20, Apameia, ca. 1st cent. B.C. Obv: Turreted head of Tyche facing right, dotted border. Rev: Nike advancing holding filleted wreath, APAMEWN THS EIPAS KAI ASYLOY, AN in right field, Seleukid era date GMS (70/69 BC) to right of Nike. Similar to Lindgren I, 2034, but with an unlisted date (Seleukid as opposed to Pompeian) and AN in field. Not in Lindgren, Not in Sear, Not in Hoover HGC 9.Molinari
coins277.JPG
60 viewsecoli
coins349.JPG
60 viewsecoli
coins369.JPG
60 viewsecoli
collage-1~0.jpg
Julia Domna, Fortuna60 viewsJulia Domna
AR Denarius; 18-20mm; 3.64g

IVLIA-AVGVSTA
Draped bust right

FORTVNAE-FELICI
Fortuna standing left holding out-turned cornucopia and resting left arm on rudder

RIC 552, RSC 55, BMC 24
arizonarobin
collage2~6.jpg
Thrace, Cherronesos60 viewsCherronesos, Thrace (Black Sea)
350-300 BC

O: Forepart of lion right, head reverted
R: Quadripartite incuse square, Ar beside pellet /pentagram


Ar Hemidrachm; 12mm; 2.35g
1 commentsarizonarobin
collage3~9.jpg
Faustina Junior, Funeral Pyre60 viewsDIVAE FAVSTIN AVG MATR CASTROR
Draped and veiled bust right

CONSE - CRATIO
Funerary monument of four stories, ornamented with garlands and statues

BMC698, C77, RIC747
2.75g; 17-19mm
1 commentsarizonarobin
collage6~2.jpg
Julia Domna, Felicitas60 viewsJulia Domna
AR silver Denarius

IVLIA AVGVSTA
draped bust right

FELICITAS
Felicitas standing, head left, holding short caduceus and long scepter

RIC 551, RSC 47, BMC 22
arizonarobin
commodus_251.jpg
Commodus RIC III, 25160 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AR - denarius, 16.34mm, 2.49g
Rome, AD 192
obv. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL
Bearded head of Commodus, wearing lion-skin headdress
rev. HER - CVL / ROM - AN / AV - GV on both sides of
Hercules' club in oak-wreath
RIC III, 251; C.190; BMC 339
scarce, VF/VF, toned, on a small flan as usual, but nice portrait

This is one of the types showing Commodus as Hercules, sign of his madness.
1 commentsJochen
Constans_39.jpg
E60 viewsConstans AE2

Attribution: RIC 199s, Siscia, scarce
Date: AD 348-350
Obverse: DN CONSTA-S PF AVF, laureate head r.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor stg. l. on galley, holding phoenix on globe and labarum, Victory sits at the helm, BSIS in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm

A phoenix is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians, and (according to Sanchuniathon) Phoenicians. A phoenix has a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet (or purple, blue, and green according to some legends). It has a 500 to 1000 year life-cycle, near the end of which it builds itself a nest of twigs that then ignites; both nest and bird burn fiercely and are reduced to ashes, from which a new, young phoenix or phoenix egg arises, reborn anew to live again. The new phoenix is destined to live as long as its old self.
3 commentsNoah
Constantine I VOT XX RIC 233.jpg
Constantine I VOT XX RIC VII Arles 23360 viewsAE3, 18x20mm, 2.13g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head R.

Reverse: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT/XX in wreath.

Exe: P crescent A (Arles, Officina 1).

RIC VII 233, 321, C2.
Robert_Brenchley
constantine II glor ex com.JPG
constantine II RIC VII Antioch 10960 viewsAE 15-17 mm 1.6grams 333-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C . Laureate and cuirassed bust right
REV :: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS. Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground. Single standard between them..2 badges on banner with dots in center
EX :: SMANS ( Antioch)
RIC VII Antioch 109
RIC rated C1
from uncleaned lot 07/2007
Johnny
Constantine_I_31.jpg
*SOLD*60 viewsConstantine I AE3 Follis

Attribution: RIC VII 167, Ticinum
Date: AD 322-325
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head r.
Reverse: DN CONSTANTINIMAX AVG, VOT dot XX and crescent below within wreath,
ST in exergue
Size: 17.2 mm
Weight: 2.82 grams

This was my gift to my father on Father's Day 2010...a history fan himself, he LOVED it!!
3 commentsNoah
constantine_Vot_xx_aqp_Aquilia.jpg
Constantine Nearly Fully Silvered Vot XX Aquilia60 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
L DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG
VOT dot XX dot in badge at top of wreath
AQP Aquileia RIC VII Aquileia 65 r2
1 commentsJames b4
Constantinipoli com.JPG
City Commemorative60 viewsAE 17 mm 3.1 grams 337-340 AD
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINOPOLIS. laureate, helmeted, wearing imperial mantle, holding reversed spear bust left
REV :: ** no legend ** . Victory standing left with right foot on prow of ship. Scepter in right hand, left hand resting on shield on ground.
EX :: SMALB ( Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 64
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
RIC RATED R1
1 commentsJohnny
Constantius-II_AE-3_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_dotGammaSISdot_RIC-VII-237-p-456-8-B5_Siscia_334-35-AD_R1_Q-001_0h_18mm_2,52g-s.jpg
Siscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!60 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1 !
Q-001
quadrans
constantiusII_trier_480.jpg
Constantius II RIC VII, Trier 48060 viewsConstantius II 324-361, son of Constantine I
AE - reduced Follis (AE 3)
Trier 1st officina, AD 326, 3.02g, 18.15mm, 4h
obv. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C
bust laureate, draped and cuirassed, l.
rev. PROVIDEN - TIA CAESS
camp-gate, without doors, with two turrets, one star above
exergue: PTR dot above crescent
RIC VII, Trier 480
near mint state, brown patina

The emperor wears at his left shoulder a fur trimming, called in German 'Trierer Pelzchen', i.e. 'small fur from Trier', due to the cold climate in this part of Germany.
From the Killingholme hoard (deposited around 333-334), found 1993
2 commentsJochen
Constantius_Gallus.jpg
1408a, Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D. (Cyzicus)60 viewsBronze half centenionalis, RIC 106, F, Cyzicus mint, 2.603g, 18.8mm, 0o, 351-354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, SMKE in exergue.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.
Cleisthenes
CONTIUS2-16.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 9060 viewsObv:DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
pearl-diadem, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
soldier spearing fallen horseman.
SMHA in ex
18mm 2.7gm
OWL365
CONTIUS2-17.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 9060 viewsObv:DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
pearl-diadem, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
soldier spearing fallen horseman.
SMHr in ex
18mm 2.7gm
OWL365
crispina092108a.jpg
Crispina, Venus60 viewsCRISPINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

VE-NVS
Venus standing facing, head left, holding apple and lifting drapery from shoulder

Ar denarius;3.06g;17-19mm
RIC 286a;Cohen 35
4 commentsarizonarobin
c_maianius.jpg
C. Maianius60 viewsSilver denarius, 153 BC roma
Helmeted head of Roma right, behind X.
Victory in biga right, holding whip in right hand and reins in left hand,
below C MAIANI, ROMA in Ex.
Crawford 203, 1a; Sydenham 427.
1 commentsSergius Silus
C__Postumius.jpg
C. Postumius - Postumia-960 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC C. Postumius 74 BC. AR denarius.(17mm, 3.98g). Rome mint. Bust of Diana right, draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder / C POSTVMI. Hound running right; below, spear. Crawford 394/1a, RSC I Postumia 9, Sydenham 785, RCV 3301 commentsBud Stewart
D-023-120.jpg
Henri II de Montpensier (1592-1608), Double Tournois type 4 - 159660 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ H . D . [BOVRB] . P . D DOMB[ES . M], Buste cuirassé a gauche. Point de centrage sur la joue
[+ DOVBLE TOV]RNOIS 1596, trois lis et une brisure
2.49 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 120, CGKL # 724 (a1)
1 commentsPotator II
D-026-196.jpg
Gaston d'Orleans (1627-1650), Double Tournois type 7 - 163060 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ GASTON . VSVF . DE . LA . SOV . DOMB Buste fraisé a droite
+ DOVBLE . TOVRNOIS . 1630, Trois lis sous un lambel
2.89 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 196, CGKL # 734 (b1)
Potator II
D169.jpg
Domitian RIC-16960 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 83 AD
RIC 169 (R), BMC p. 307 note , RSC 601
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT II COS VIIII DES X P P; Minverva stg. l., with spear (M4)
VF
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, October 2015. Ex Jyrki Muona Collection.

Domitian was very concerned about the quality of his coinage. In 82 AD he restored the fineness of the denarius to the levels of Augustus, striking them in nearly 100% silver. This coin from 83 was produced soon after the new standard was introduced. The portrait style is somewhere between the earlier veristic style seen in the first few months of the reign and the more elaborate, idealised style the engravers employed from 84 onward. This issue is also significant because it introduces for the first time the four standard Minerva types that would dominate the reverse of the denarius until the end of the reign.

Struck in fine style on a large flan. The scrape on the cheek isn't so noticeable in hand.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
D656sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-65660 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 88-89 AD
RIC 656 (R), BMC 147, RSC 246
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
VF
Acquired from Solidus Numismatics, eBay, 17 June 2015.

Domitian did not take the consulship in 89, so this rare denarius is dated by TR P VIII between September 88 and September 89. The date can be further narrowed down by the 17th imperial acclamation. A military diploma dated 7 November, 88 records Domitian as IMP XVII, so this issue must have been struck briefly at the end of 88, perhaps just a month or so due to the rarity of the acclamation number on the denarii. Domitian's imperial acclamations were piling up fairly rapidly during this time period due to increased military activity along the Danube.

A solid denarius in fine style.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
D790sm.jpg
Domitian RIC-79060 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 95-96 AD
RIC 790 (C2), BMC 235, RSC 290
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with spear (M4)
VF+
Acquired from C. J. Martin, August 2013.

A very crisp denarius which was struck during the last year of Domitian's reign between 14 September 95 to 13 September 96. This was a large issue with many common examples, including all four standard Minerva types, and one which saw the introduction of many new types (the flying Minverva for example). These later coins tend to lack the high quality and craftsmanship of earlier issues.

A very sharp coin in hand.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Denario TRAJANO RIC 243.jpg
24-05 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)60 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha, leve ropaje en hombro trasero.
Rev: "SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI" - Abundantia (La Abundancia) de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando espigas de maiz en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda. A sus pies un niño parado sosteniendo un panecillo. "ALIM ITAL"
Refiere a los Programas de caridad de Trajano para los niños pobres de Italia

Acuñada 112 - 117 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #243 Pag.261 - RSC Vol.II #9 Pag. 83 - BMCRE #469 - Cohen Vol.II #9 Pag.18 - DVM #33 Pag.121 - St. Vol.I #172
mdelvalle
Denario_Tiberio_RIC_26_1.jpg
04-11 - TIBERIO (14 - 37 D.C.)60 viewsAR Denario 19x18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAXIM" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Julia Livia (Madre del Emperador personificando a la Paz) sentada a derecha en una silla con patas sin ornamentos apoyadas en una plataforma (doble-linea), portando un largo cetro en mano derecha y rama de olivo en izquierda.

Este denario es el comúnmente llamado “el Penique del Tributo” de la muy conocida historia relatada en el Evangelio de San Mateo (22,17-21) del Nuevo Testamento.

Acuñada 16 - 37 D.C.
Ceca: Lugdunum - Hoy Lyon Francia
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #26 Pag.95 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1763 Pag.346 - BMCRE Vol.1 #34 - Cohen Vol.1 #16 Pag.191 - DVM #8 Pag.75 - CBN #16 - RSC Vol. II #16 Pag.1 - Hendin #916 Pag.418
mdelvalle
DenLentuloMarcello.jpg
60 viewsDenarius - 49 B.C.
L CORNELIVS LENTVLVS & C CLAVDIVS MARCELLVS - Gens Cornelia.
Obv.: Facing head of Medusa in center of triskeles, ear of corn between each leg
Rev.: Jupiter standing right with thunderbolt & eagle. LENT MAR (NT & MAR in monogram) left, COS right.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 18,4
Craw. 445/1b, Sear RCV 414.



3 commentsMaxentius
Diadumenian_NikopolisAdIstrum_RiverGod.jpg
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2560 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
Rev: VP AΓPIΠΠA NIKOΠOΛITΩN PROC ICTPΩ
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch
GICV -

ex AAH
areich
Didrachm_Red.jpg
Trajan Provincial60 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Paddy
diocletian_siscia_263_BI.jpg
Diocletian coded - G with BI - RIC V, Siscia 26360 viewsDiocletian AD 284-305
AE - Antoninian (pre-reform), 3.30g, 24.2mm
Siscia 3rd officina, AD 289-290
obv. IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, head radiate r.
rev. CONSERVATOR - AVGG
Emperor and Jupiter, each holding sceptre, standing face to face
sacrificing at altar
l. field: Gamma
exergue: dot XXI dot BI dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 263; C.42
Scarce; good VF, brown patina

Shows BI, 3rd part of I-O-BI = Gen. of JOVIVS, nick-name of Diocletian
For more information look at Forum's Resources: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/forvm/Articles/Codeword_Translation.htm
Jochen
diocletian_ticinum56a.JPG
Diocletian RIC VI, Ticinum 56(a)60 viewsDiocletian, 284-305
AE - Follis, 8.12g, 26mm
Ticinum, 3rd officina, c. 305
obv. DN DIOCLETIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG (sic!)
Laureate bust right in consular robe, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
rev. PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch
downward in right hand, leaning left on vertical scepter
in right field pellet
in exergue: TT
RIC VI, Ticinum 56a; C.422
VF+, nice green patina, some silvering below
ex Tony Hardy Coll.
added to www.wildwinds.com

The pellet for the Augusti was in the r. field, for the Caesars in the l. field.
2 commentsJochen
diocle_M4821.jpg
Diocletian, Tyche, year 360 viewsDiocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4821, Geissen 3230, Curtis 2025, BMC Alexandria 2524, gVF, Alexandria mint, 6.646g, 20.2mm, 0o, 29 Aug 286 - 28 Aug 287 A.D.; obverse “A K G OUA DIOKLHTIANO”C C“EB”, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse , Tyche standing left, rudder in right, double cornucopia in left, L“G” (year 3) right; flan flaw. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Dolphins1.jpg
Sicily, Syracuse.60 viewsCirca 395 BC. AE Drachm (32.64 gm). Obv.: SURA, head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet, olive wreath on bowl. Rev.: sea-star between two dolphins.1 commentsseleukoy
Domitian_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V0238~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Domitian as Caesar RIC II V23860 viewsDomitian as Caesar 70-81 A.D.. AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 76 A.D.* (3.34g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: CAESAR A[VG F] DOMITIANVS, laureate head r. Rev: COS IIII, Pegasus right. RIC II V921, BMC V193, RSC 47. Lucas H
Domitian_RIC_173~0.JPG
Domitian, 81 - 96 AD60 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XII, laureate head of Domitian facing right.

Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P PP, Minerva standing left holding a thunderbolt in her right hand and a spear in her left, at her feet is a shield.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 92 - 93 AD

3.5 grams, 17.8 mm, 180°

RIC II 173, RSC 279, VM 44/2
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Domitian_RIC_763.jpg
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 763 (C3), RSC II 283, BMCRE II 218, BnF III 193, Hunter I 88]60 viewsSilver denarius, choice VF, 3.289g, 18.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 14 Sep 93 - 13 Sep 94 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIII, laureate head right

Rev. - IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded shield at feet behind

Superb portrait, excellent centering, and rainbow toned reverse.
___________

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
1 commentsrenegade3220
domit_as_caesar_vesta_lg.jpg
08 Domitian as Caesar RIC-V108760 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC V1087 (C2), BMC V262, RSC 378
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta, std. l., with palladium and sceptre
VF
Acquired from Amphora Coins, July 2008.

Vesta is supposed to be holding a palladium in her right hand, but on this example the legend covers up the palladium completely. It is barely visible (if at all) under the legend. Most examples of the type clearly show it in her out-stretched hand. A note for an aureus of the type in the BM (#261) notes - 'palladium hardly visible, sceptre nearly vertical'. There is no illustration of the specimen, so I'm guessing mine is similar.
vespasian70
DSC01649.JPG
Seleukis and Pieria, Apameia Syria60 views1st Century B.C. 21mm

Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of athena right
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding palm and wreath. ΓPΣ, NO below
Dk0311USMC
DSC05398.JPG
Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus 193-217 AD60 viewsAR Denarius.
RIC 572
Obv: Draped bust right, IVLIA AVGVSTA
Rev: Pietas standing left, sacrificing over lighted altar PIETAS AVGG

Sold on eBay August 2010
CGPCGP
DSC_0193.jpg
60 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
Blank
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
Ebana.jpg
Ebana60 viewsChristian kings of Aksum, Ebana

Obverse: Head and shoulders bust right, crowned with a tiara, in beaded circle. Greek legend: EB ANA.
Reverse: Central lozenge inlaid with gold, with four crosses attached to the extremities, forming a cross-crosslet with the letter of the legend interspersed between them. Greek legend: +BC+LC+IL+EY.
Date : circa CE 450
Reference : Cf. Munro-Hay (BMC) Type 74; Munro-Hay (1984) Ebana AR 1
Grade : F
Weight : 0.9 g
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 19/07/03
Comment: AR Unit,
1 commentsBolayi
Elagabal_Antioch_Genius_AE23_6_21g.jpg
Elagabal, Antioch, Genius, AE2360 viewsPisidia, Antioch. Elagabalus, 218-222 AD.
AE 23mm (6.21 gm).
obv.: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS, laureate head right.
rev.: ANTIOCH COL CAS, Genius standing facing, holding cornucopiae and ears of corn.
SNG BN Paris 1182 (same obverse die)

ex Tom Vossen
1 commentsareich
Enrico_VI_1422_1461.jpg
Henry VI (1422-1461), mezzo penny d'argento. Gaviller & Boyd collection60 viewsHenry VI, First Reign (1422-1461), Calais mint
Silver halfpenny, pinecone-mascle issue (1430-34)
AR, 0.51 gr, 12 mm, VF
D/ crowned facing bust
R/ VIL(mascle) LACALISIE (pinecone), long cross pattée, three pellets in angles
N.1469; S.1885
Provenance: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (28 gennaio 2011, numero catalogo 121); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005); ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005); ex W.C.Boyd collection (London 1886), ex George Henry Gaviller collection (morto nel 1886).
paolo
Ephesos~0.jpg
Ephesos, Ionia, 202BC-133BC60 viewsAE17, die axis 0 degrees
Ephesos mint
SNG Cop 301
4 commentsPaul D3
EpirusAugustus3.jpg
Epirus, Nikopolis, AE18. Augustus / Head of boar60 viewsObv: AVGOVCTO CKTICTHC, Head of Augustus r., bare.
Rev: NΕIΚΟΠΟ(Λ) ΕW(C), Head of boar r.

RPC I says on p. 272: "C.M. Kraay pointed out (NC 1975, pp. 235-
47), many of the 'automomous' and Augustan coins, dated to the
reign of Augustus by Oikodominou, are in fact later, ranging from
a few of the reign of Augustus down to the third century (post-
humous coins were struck for Augustus in the reigns of Trajan,
Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, perhaps Commodus, perhaps Caracalla,
and Valerian)."

Nikopolis, Epirus was founded in 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over Antony and Cleopatra at Actium the previous year.
1 commentsancientone
FAB1558A.JPG
Corduba Semis (2)60 viewsObserve: C.N. IVLI. L. F.Q. Venus head to the right, behind 3 pellets.
Reverse: CORDVBA. Eros lookinng to the left, holding a cornucopia and a torch?. 3 pellets below.
Weight: 7,5 gr. Size: 19 mm.
FAB: 1558.
Corduba
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_dot-B-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-205-p-450-13-A6_S_Siscia_326-27-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19-20mm_3,10g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!60 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-27 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-205, p-450, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
fausta_camp.jpg
Horrible Fausta Campgate Mule60 viewsFausta (Augusta)
AE (Found harshly over cleaned in coin shop junk box)
Ob: FLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG - Draped bust right, hair tied in bun on back of head
Rv: PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG - 6 Layer, two turrent camp gate (!) with star above, no doors
Exergue: PTR? (epsilon or dot in crescent, can't tell)
Mint: Trier (ca. 326 AD)
References: * Unique Mule w/ Obv. of Fausta RIC VII Trier 466 and rev. of Constantine I RIC VII Trier 461

Though in exceedingly poor shape, this coin was purchased from a junk bin because it didn't look plausible. It had been overcleaned and was aparently discarded by its previous owner as a badly cleaned coin. At first I thought someone had attempted to "convert" by crude tooling a standard campgate into a Fausta obverse, but the obverse legend (FLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG) is clearly not tooled and the portrait style with the small bun at the back of the neck is a valid style of portraiture for Fausta.

Ugly as it is, it is a unique mint error. Coins of Fausta were indeed being struck alongside coins of the emperors and Caesars in this Campgate issue.

Issues with this PTR crescent reverse include:

Constantine I RIC VII Trier 461 (PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG)
Crispus RIC VII Trier 462 (PROIDEN-TIAE CAESS)
Constantine II RIC VII Trier 463 (PROIDEN-TIAE CAESS)

With a reverse legend of PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG, this coin is a combination of an R4 reverse (RIC 461) and an obverse intended for an R5 reverse - Fausta SPES REIPVBLICAE RIC 466 R5
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
FaustinaIIHilaritas.jpg
Faustina II denarius60 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
faustinajr030801.jpg
Faustina Junior, Venus60 viewsAr denarius; 3.13g; 16-17mm

FAVSTINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust left

AVGVSTI PII FIL
Venus standing left holding victory and resting
hand on shield set on helmet

RIC 495b, BMC 1105, RSC 15a
wildwinds example (this coin)
arizonarobin
Ferdinand-1K-1647.jpg
AUSTRIA - Upper Austria, Ferdinand III (1637-1657) 60 viewsAUSTRIA - Upper Austria, Ferdinand III (1637-1657) AR 1 Kreuzer, 1647. Vienna Mint. Obv.: Bust right. Bird in circle below bust (mint privy mark). Rev.: Crowned double-headed eagle, value on breast. Reference: KM #830
dpaul7
GalbaAEAs.jpg
707a, Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.60 viewsGalba AE As, 68-69 AD; cf. SRC 727, 729ff; 27.85mm, 12g; Rome: Obverse: GALBA IMP CAESAR…, Laureate head right; Reverse: S P Q R OB CIV SER in oak wreath; gF+/F Ex. Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Galba (68-69 A.D.)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary


Introduction
The evidence for the principate of Galba is unsatisfactory. The sources either concentrate on the personality of the man, thereby failing to offer a balanced account of his policies and a firm chronological base for his actions; or, they focus on the final two weeks of his life at the expense of the earlier part of his reign. As a result, a detailed account of his principate is difficult to write. Even so, Galba is noteworthy because he was neither related to nor adopted by his predecessor Nero. Thus, his accession marked the end of the nearly century-long control of the Principate by the Julio-Claudians. Additionally, Galba's declaration as emperor by his troops abroad set a precedent for the further political upheavals of 68-69. Although these events worked to Galba's favor initially, they soon came back to haunt him, ending his tumultuous rule after only seven months.

Early Life and Rise to Power
Born 24 December 3 BC in Tarracina, a town on the Appian Way, 65 miles south of Rome, Servius Galba was the son of C. Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica. Galba's connection with the noble house of the Servii gave him great prestige and assured his acceptance among the highest levels of Julio-Claudian society. Adopted in his youth by Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, he is said to have owed much of his early advancement to her. Upon her death, Livia made Galba her chief legatee, bequeathing him some 50 million sesterces. Tiberius, Livia's heir, reduced the amount, however, and then never paid it. Galba's marriage proved to be a further source of disappointment, as he outlived both his wife Lepida and their two sons. Nothing else is known of Galba's immediate family, other than that he remained a widower for the rest of his life.

Although the details of Galba's early political career are incomplete, the surviving record is one of an ambitious Roman making his way in the Emperor's service. Suetonius records that as praetor Galba put on a new kind of exhibition for the people - elephants walking on a rope. Later, he served as governor of the province of Aquitania, followed by a six-month term as consul at the beginning of 33. Ironically, as consul he was succeeded by Salvius Otho, whose own son would succeed Galba as emperor. Over the years three more governorships followed - Upper Germany (date unknown), North Africa (45) and Hispania Tarraconensis, the largest of Spain's three provinces (61). He was selected as a proconsul of Africa by the emperor Claudius himself instead of by the usual method of drawing lots. During his two-year tenure in the province he successfully restored internal order and quelled a revolt by the barbarians. As an imperial legate he was a governor in Spain for eight years under Nero, even though he was already in his early sixties when he assumed his duties. The appointment showed that Galba was still considered efficient and loyal. In all of these posts Galba generally displayed an enthusiasm for old-fashioned disciplina, a trait consistent with the traditional characterization of the man as a hard-bitten aristocrat of the old Republican type. Such service did not go unnoticed, as he was honored with triumphal insignia and three priesthoods during his career.

On the basis of his ancestry, family tradition and service to the state Galba was the most distinguished Roman alive (with the exception of the houses of the Julii and Claudii) at the time of Nero's demise in 68. The complex chain of events that would lead him to the Principate later that year began in March with the rebellion of Gaius Iulius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis. Vindex had begun to sound out provincial governors about support for a rebellion perhaps in late 67 or early 68. Galba did not respond but, because of his displeasure with Neronian misgovernment, neither did he inform the emperor of these treasonous solicitations. This, of course, left him dangerously exposed; moreover, he was already aware that Nero, anxious to remove anyone of distinguished birth and noble achievements, had ordered his death. Given these circumstances, Galba likely felt that he had no choice but to rebel.

In April, 68, while still in Spain, Galba "went public," positioning himself as a vir militaris, a military representative of the senate and people of Rome. For the moment, he refused the title of Emperor, but it is clear that the Principate was his goal. To this end, he organized a concilium of advisors in order to make it known that any decisions were not made by him alone but only after consultation with a group. The arrangement was meant to recall the Augustan Age relationship between the emperor and senate in Rome. Even more revealing of his imperial ambitions were legends like LIBERTAS RESTITUTA (Liberty Restored), ROM RENASC (Rome Reborn) and SALUS GENERIS HUMANI (Salvation of Mankind), preserved on his coinage from the period. Such evidence has brought into question the traditional assessment of Galba as nothing more than an ineffectual representative of a bygone antiquus rigor in favor of a more balanced portrait of a traditional constitutionalist eager to publicize the virtues of an Augustan-style Principate.
Events now began to move quickly. In May, 68 Lucius Clodius Macer, legate of the III legio Augusta in Africa, revolted from Nero and cut off the grain supply to Rome. Choosing not to recognize Galba, he called himself propraetor, issued his own coinage, and raised a new legion, the I Macriana liberatrix. Galba later had him executed. At the same time, 68, Lucius Verginius Rufus, legionary commander in Upper Germany, led a combined force of soldiers from Upper and Lower Germany in defeating Vindex at Vesontio in Gallia Lugdunensis. Verginius refused to accept a call to the emperorship by his own troops and by those from the Danube, however, thereby creating at Rome an opportunity for Galba's agents to win over Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt praetorian prefect since 65. Sabinus was able to turn the imperial guard against Nero on the promise that they would be rewarded financially by Galba upon his arrival. That was the end for Nero. Deposed by the senate and abandoned by his supporters, he committed suicide in June. At this point, encouraged to march on Rome by the praetorians and especially by Sabinus, who had his own designs on the throne, Galba hurriedly established broad-based political and financial support and assembled his own legion (subsequently known as the legio VII Gemina). As he departed from Spain, he abandoned the title of governor in favor of "Caesar," apparently in an attempt to lay claim to the entire inheritance of the Julio-Claudian house. Even so, he continued to proceed cautiously, and did not actually adopt the name of Caesar (and with it the emperorship) until sometime after he had left Spain.

The Principate of Galba
Meanwhile, Rome was anything but serene. An unusual force of soldiers, many of whom had been mustered by Nero to crush the attempt of Vindex, remained idle and restless. In addition, there was the matter concerning Nymphidius Sabinus. Intent on being the power behind the throne, Nymphidius had orchestrated a demand from the praetorians that Galba appoint him sole praetorian prefect for life. The senate capitulated to his pretensions and he began to have designs on the throne himself. In an attempt to rattle Galba, Nymphidius then sent messages of alarm to the emperor telling of unrest in both the city and abroad. When Galba ignored these reports, Nymphidius decided to launch a coup by presenting himself to the praetorians. The plan misfired, and the praetorians killed him when he appeared at their camp. Upon learning of the incident, Galba ordered the executions of Nymphidius' followers. To make matters worse, Galba's arrival was preceded by a confrontation with a boisterous band of soldiers who had been formed into a legion by Nero and were now demanding legionary standards and regular quarters. When they persisted, Galba's forces attacked, with the result that many of them were killed.
Thus it was amid carnage and fear that Galba arrived at the capital in October, 68, accompanied by Otho, the governor of Lusitania, who had joined the cause. Once Galba was within Rome, miscalculations and missteps seemed to multiply. First, he relied upon the advice of a corrupt circle of advisors, most notably: Titus Vinius, a general from Spain; Cornelius Laco, praetorian prefect; and his own freedman, Icelus. Second, he zealously attempted to recover some of Nero's more excessive expenditures by seizing the property of many citizens, a measure that seems to have gone too far and to have caused real hardship and resentment. Third, he created further ill-will by disbanding the imperial corps of German bodyguards, effectively abolishing a tradition that originated with Marius and had been endorsed by Augustus. Finally, he seriously alienated the military by refusing cash rewards for both the praetorians and for the soldiers in Upper Germany who had fought against Vindex.

This last act proved to be the beginning of the end for Galba. On 1 January 69 ("The Year of the Four Emperors"), the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. In response, Galba adopted Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus to show that he was still in charge and that his successor would not be chosen for him. Piso, although an aristocrat, was a man completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate, and it especially angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with the now-familiar promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered.

Assessment
In sum, Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." Modern historians of the Roman world have been no less critical. To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards. He was also guilty of relying on poor advisors, who shielded him from reality and ultimately allowed Otho's conspiracy to succeed. Additionally, the excessive power of his henchmen brought the regime into disfavor and made Galba himself the principal target of the hatred that his aides had incited. Finally, the appointment of Piso, a young man in no way equal to the challenges placed before him, further underscored the emperor's isolation and lack of judgment. In the end, the instability of the post-Julio-Claudian political landscape offered challenges more formidable than a tired, septuagenarian aristocrat could hope to overcome. Ironically, his regime proved no more successful than the Neronian government he was so eager to replace. Another year of bloodshed would be necessary before the Principate could once again stand firm.

Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-A_SIS_Siscia-310-311_RIC-211-3rd-off_C-_Q-003_5h_24,5-25,5mm_7,09g-s.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #360 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211, Crescent/A//SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, #3
Galeria-Valeria, daughter of Diocletian and wife of Galerius, AE-26 Follis
avers:- GAL-VALERIA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right.
revers:- VENERI-V-ICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt, crescent left, E right.
exergo: Crescent/A// SIS, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 7,09g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, date: 309-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211var-.off, C-,
Q-003
quadrans
Gallienus SOLI CONS AVG RIC 283~0.jpg
SOLI CONS AVG, RIC 28360 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.68g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head R.

Reverse: SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus R. H in exe.

Rome, RIC 283, common.
Robert_Brenchley
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_AEQVITAS-AVG_S-r_fields_RIC-r_C-_Rome_-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19-23mm_2,14g-s.jpg
090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 159, Rome, Sole Reign, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left,60 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 159, Rome, Sole Reign, AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, radiate bust left.
revers:- AEQVITAS-AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia; S in right field.
exergo: -
diameter: 19-23mm,
weight: 2,14g,
axis: 0h,
mint: Rome,
date: 253-268 A.D.??
ref: RIC-V-I-159, p-144,
Q-001
quadrans
Geta.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta, Denarius60 viewsGeta 209-212 A.D.

Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Rev: PONTIF COS II
RIC 59
Barry
GG-GallnsLuna27__5~0.jpg
Luna Lucifera60 viewsBase AR Antoninianus of Cyzicus of Gallienus, Sole Reign, A.D.260-268

Obv: GALLIENVS AVG Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LVNA LVCIFERA Luna, crescent on head, holding long torch in both hands.

RIC S646 RSC IV 601a Not listed in Sear RCV III
Weight: 3.58g

This is the alternative depiction of Luna Lucifera, the Light-Bringer, where she is shown holding a long torch and wearing the distinctive crescent on her head.
nemesis
GIII Ric 54.jpg
RIC-054 Gordian III - Gordian Sacrifices60 viewsIMP CAES GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
P M TR P II COS P P - Gordian standing left, holding a patera over a altar with right hand, baton on left
AR Ant. Rome Mint 240 AD
jimwho523
gord1.jpg
GORDIAN III60 viewsBI tetradrachm. Antioch (Seleucis et Pieria). 240 AD .12.82 gr. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, viewed from the front. ΑΥΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC CΕΒ / Eagle standing facing,open wings, head turned left, wreath in beak. ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞΟYCΙΑC. S C in exergue. Prieur 279.
CNG. EA 109, Lot: 130.
CNG Photograph.
4 commentsbenito
GRK_Alexander_Tet_Price_3602_(CNG).jpg
Macedonian Kingdom60 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mørkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
H604.jpg
Hendin-604 / 131760 viewsAgrippa II - AE18 (year 24 = 83/84AD)
4.42 grams
cmcdon0923
HadrianRomaAetDenarius.jpg
Hadrian denarius60 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
hadrian_RIC779b.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD60 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm
Scarce

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
hardtimes_copy.jpg
1837 Hard Times Token60 views1837 Hard Times Token, Obv: Man emerging from chest, holding bag of loot and sword, I TAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY in field around border; Rev: Mule with VETO below, ROMAN FIRMNESS above, THE CONSTITUTION AS I UNDERSTAND IT in field around border, Very Fine.Molinari
helena-2.jpg
Roman, Helena60 views4 commentsblack-prophet
hercules_minima_1.png
BCC m11-1560 viewsFive Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima
2nd-3rd cent. CE
OBV: bust of Hercules rt.
REV: various: Boar, wolf,
bull or dog std. right.
in ex. SC, dots, or blank.
The coin on the left, an uncia inscribed [IMP
CAES TRAIA]N AVG GERM, may be the
prototype for these minimae which
Hamburger assigns to the mint at Caesarea.
AE 12.5-7.0 mm. 1.9-0.4 g.
similar to Hamburger #35-58
Atiqot Vol.1 1954/56
v-drome
Honorius__ab.jpg
Honorius (RIC X 1357)60 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Æ (11 mm, 1.15 g), Rome. Obverse: DN HONORI-(VS PF AVG). Reverse: (VICTOR)-IA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm branch, RM in exergue, T in left field. RIC X 1357, C.jbc
horsessssssssss_049.JPG
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire60 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-O-VAL-OSTIL-MES-C-QVINTVS-CAESAR_IV_VICTORIA-AVG_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20-21,5mm_2,89g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,60 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,
avers:- C-O-VAL-OSTIL-MES-C-QVINTVS-CAESAR, IV below the bust, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory running right holding wreath and palm.
exe:
diameter: 20-21,5 mm,
weight: 2,89 g,
axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch,
date: 251 A.D.,
ref: RIC-IV-III- Unlisted!!!, p148 , C- , Not in RIC this revers and "IV" under the bust, Very Rare!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_811_1510_Pohl_253-4.JPG
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-4, Unger 646c, Réthy II 278A, dated 1510 60 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15-16 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARI * 1510 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger) or 1490-1498 (per Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Stkp
III_Bela_U-095_C1-162_H-181_Q-001_0h_9,5mm_0,14g-s.jpg
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-095, #0160 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-095, #01
avers: Four connected curves containing crosses, cross of Saint Andrew with dots in the angles in the centre, border of dots.
revers: Cross with dots in the angles, border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 9,5 mm, weight: 0,14g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-095, CHN-1-162, Huszar-181,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-001
quadrans
II_Andras_U-161_C1-227_H-267_Q-002_10,5mm_0,24ga-s.jpg
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #0260 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-161, #02
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Q-002
quadrans
II_Andras_U-163_C1-300_H-270_Q-001_10,2mm_0,31ga-s.jpg
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-163, #0160 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-163, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, between two swords, line border.
revers: Star between two lions standing with their back to each other, looking backwards, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-163, CHN-1-300, Huszar-270,
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_0221~0.JPG
1.2 Roman Republic Denarius60 views88 BC
Rome Mint
Cornelius Lentulus
Zam
IMG_2850.JPG
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 60 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
IMG_4453.JPG
Caesaraea Maritima. Herennius Etruscus. As Caesar, AD 249-251.60 viewsCaesaraea Maritima. Herennius Etruscus. As Caesar, AD 249-251.
. Æ 27mm (19.23 g, 6h). Radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind
Two eagles, each holding wreath in beak, flanking vexillum.
Kadman, Caesarea, 185; Rosenberger 152; SNG ANS 843.
1 commentsMaritima
IMG_5045_1_s.png
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca - The Cartailhac Circle60 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.

In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.

To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
Viriathus
islamic 1.jpg
Iran, Safavids, Husayn60 views Iran, Safavids, Husayn (1694-1722), AR Abbasi, Tabriz, AH 1132.
dpaul7
Istvan-III_U-81_C1-119_H-140_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #0160 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #01
avers:- .
revers:-
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-081, CHN-1-119, Huszar-140,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Iulia-Mamaea_AR-Den_IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG_VESTA_RIC_360,_RSC_81,_BMC_381_Q-001_7h_18,5-21mm_2,82ga-s.jpg
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #160 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 360, Rome, AR-Denarius, VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, #1
avers: IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers: VESTA, Vesta standing half-left, holding palladium and scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-21mm, weight: 2,82g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-360, p-99, RSC-81, BMC-381
Q-001
quadrans
iulia_domna_RIC373.jpg
Julia Domna RIC IV, 37360 viewsJulia Domna, died 217(?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - denar, 2.67g, 19mm
struck in Rome AD 211-217
obv. IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG
Bust of Julia, head bare, draped, r. Hair elaborately waved in 5 vertical waves,
varying numbers of horizontal ridges, fastened in bun at back and queue
below it.
rev. DIANA - LVCIFERA
Diana, draped, standing front, holding long lighted torch, pointing slightly
upward to l., in both hands
RIC IV/1, (Caracalla) 373; C.32; BMC 2; RCV 6578
about EF
3 commentsJochen
JCT_National_Association_for_the_Jewish_Blind.JPG
National Association for the Jewish Blind60 viewsAE token, 31.5 mm., undated.

Obv: ••••• NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ••••• and FOR THE JEWISH BLIND in border along rim, man and woman walking with a cane in center.

Rev: HAPPINESS / YOU / WILL FIND in three rows above heart and WHEN YOU HELP THE BLIND below heart along rim.

Ref: None known.

Note: No information is known about this organization.
Stkp
JnnIIDO63.jpg
Sear 1303 - Follis - 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8) - Syracuse mint60 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 694-695 AD (Indictional Year 8)
Condition: Fine/aFine
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor standing, facing, bearded, wearing helmet (with plume) and elaborate robe, holding in right hand, akakia; in left, globus cruciger. In field left, star above palm; in field right, palm.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left, //; To right, //
Exergue:

Syracuse mint
DO 63; Sear 1303
2.74g; 27.2mm; 180°
Pep
judaea_alexander_jannaeus_Hendin474.jpg
Judaea, Alexander Jannaeus, TJC Q460 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103-76 BC
AE - Prutah, 2.17g, 13.99mm, 330°
Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines in laurel wreath:
יהונ / תןהכהן / הגדלוח / ברהיהו / דימ
from r. to l.:
YHWN / TN H KHN / H GDL W (Ch) / BR H YHW / DYM
= Yehonatan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehonatan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double Cornucopiae with ribbons, between horns a pomegranate, in dotted circle (very schematical depiction)
Hendin 474; AJC Fa4; TJC Q4
VF, nice sandpatina
Jochen
JulDomStobi6.JPG
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria60 viewsIVLIA A/VGVSTA
Bust draped, right
MVNI STOB
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Cohen IV 264-265, BMCG 7, SNG Cop 333, Lingren 1146
Josifovski 155, same dies (V12, R12), citing specimen in Petersburg 2950
whitetd49
julianII_163.jpg
Julian II, RIC VIII, Constantinopolis 163 var.60 viewsJulian II the philosopher 360 - 363, nephew of Constantine I
AE - Maiorina, 7.86g, 23mm
Constantinopolis 4. officina, 1st half of 363 (?)
obv. DN FL CL IVLI - ANVS PF AVG
bust draped, cuirassed, laureate, perl-diademed head r., necklace
rev. SECVRITAS REI PVB
diademed bull, head facing, standing r., two stars above
exergue: CONS Delta between palmbranchs
RIC VIII, Constantinopolis cf. 163 unrecorded; C.38
Rare; about VF
RIC 163 has CONSP Delta between palmbranchs!
Curtis Clay: The mintmark is known in rare smaller pieces, but apparently new on the large bull coins
Added to www.wildwinds.com

The bull is probably not the Apis bull, but an allusion to the planetary constellation in April 360 when Julian became Augustus. On this date the planets Mars and Venus stood between the horns of Taurus at the western heaven.
Jochen
JULIAN_AND_OCTAVIAN.jpg
(01) OCTAVIAN AND DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR60 viewsca 28 - 27 BC
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
O: JULIUS CAESAR, BARE HEAD R
R: OCTAVIAN (AUGUSTUS) CAESAR, HEAD R
THESSALONICA
RPC 1554
laney
Jullian_bull.jpg
Julian II the Philosopher60 viewsD N FL CL IVLIANVS
draped and cuirassed bust of Julian right

SECURITAS REIPVB
bull walking right, two stars above, CYZA in exergue

AE1 7.73g

RIC VIII, 127
LRBC 2511

Ex-Calgary Coin

SOLD!
1 commentsJay GT4
kallatis_gordianIII_Moushmov323var.jpg
Moesia inferior, Kallatis, Gordian III, AMNG 346 var.60 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 26, 11g
obv. AVT KM ANT G - ORDIANOC AVG
bust, laureate, r.
rev. KALLA - TI - ANWN
snake erected coiled r.
Delta in the center of rev. field (for tetrassarion)
AMNG I/1, 346 var. (different legend breaks); Varbanov (engl.) 377
rare, VF
1 commentsJochen
KarlXII.jpg
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171860 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
pierre_p77
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,20ga-s.jpg
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0260 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #02
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (X-X); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe (mint mark): X/X//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1336 A.D., ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493,
Q-002
quadrans
Knob-_enamelled_Q-001_28mm_6,87g-s.jpg
Antique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #0160 viewsAntique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #01
type: AE-round plate or phalera from Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay,
size: 28mm,
weight: 6,87g,
date: c. 2nd century A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Rome,
Q-001
quadrans
Kroton.JPG
Kroton, Bruttium60 views480-430 BC
AR Stater (20mm, 7.57g)
O: Tripod-lebes with lion's feet; heron standing right in left field, QPO to right, lemniscate serpents in ex.
R: Tripod-lebes incuse, with dentate border.
SNG ANS 312; SNG Cop 1764v
ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsEnodia
LarryW2294.jpg
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Amphipolis mint c. 294-290 BC60 viewsAR 4Dr., 27mm, 17.04g, VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔP[OY] Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, right leg drawn back. Thunderbolt and I (Z) in left field, dolphin below throne.
Price 501; Müller 16
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2337.jpg
7260 Prusias I, 228-185 BC60 viewsBronxe Æ28, 26mm, 11.01g, VF
Laureate head Apollo left / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Winged Athena standing left holding shield and crowning King's name, monogram inner left. Mechanically cleaned in fields.
Ex: Lakeview Collection.
Sear 7260; BMC Pontus, pg 209, #4; SNG von Aulock 6881; SNG Cop 625
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Late-Roman_AE-3-Follis_INCUSE_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_SMNK_Q-001_19mm_2,11g-s.jpg
Late-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE60 viewsLate-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE
avers:-
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS,
exergo: SMNK ??
diameter: 19mm
weight: 2,11g
mint:
date:
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
LegXII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII60 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

SOLD

Purchased as a low budget LEG XII upon viewing in hand it is definately a 13th Legion

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
Leo-monogram.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I. Latin monogram in wreath, rare60 viewsLeo (Augustus)
DN LEO PER AVG - Pearl diademed bust draped and cuirassed bust right.
None - Latin monogram within wreath
Minted in Cyzicus (457-474)
RIC X 690, Rare
CoinScrubber
Leopold I the hogmouth.jpg
Leopold I the hogmouth, Holy Roman Emperor60 viewsgoldcoin
LEOPOLD_II_2FR_1909.jpg
BELGIUM - Leopold II60 viewsBELGIUM - Leopold II (1865-1909) AR 2-Francs, 1909. KM #59.dpaul7
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F-over-HL_VOT-XX_B-SIS-star-on_crescent_RIC-VII-129-p-440-r1-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-1h_19mm_3,26g-s.jpg
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!60 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
licinius_securitas_PLN.jpg
Licinius I SECURITAS London mint60 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

SECVRI - TAS AVGG
Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
LICINIUS_SILVERED_ANT.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, LICINIUS I. Silvered AE Follis or Nummus of Antioch. Struck c.A.D.313 - 314. 60 viewsObverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Licinius facing right.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG. Jupiter standing facing left, cloak over shoulder, holding Victory on globe in his right hand and sceptre in his left; on ground at feet, eagle holding wreath in beak. In right field, S over III with wreath above; in exergue, ANT.
RIC VII : 8 Weight 3.5gms.
Complete intact original silvering.
Rare (R2)
*Alex
Lucius_Verus.jpg
Lucius Verus - RIC-55560 viewsAR Denarius (19mm - 3.4g). Rome mint, Dec 165 to Summer 166 AD. L VERVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right / PAX AVG TR P VI COS II, Pax standing left holding branch & cornucopia. RSC 127, BMC 4203 commentsBud Stewart
L__Titurius_L_f__Sabinus.png
L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus - Tituria-660 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, Denarius (3.84g) Rome mint, 89 B.C.; obverse Bare head of King Tatius right, SABIN behind; reverse Victory in a biga holding wreath in right hand and reigns in left, TITVRI below horses, grain ear (control symbol) in exergue SRCV I 253, Sydenham 700, Crawford 344/3, RSC I Tituria-6Bud Stewart
M-Antony-Syd-1246.jpg
017. Marcus Antonius.60 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRE(L)IVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F_COS-II_RIC-429a-A-Pius_C-110_Rome_145-47-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5-18mm_3,03g-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0429a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, COS II, Honos standing facing,60 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0429a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, COS II, Honos standing facing,
avers:- AVRE(L)IVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F, bare head right. (Legend error "L" missing !!!)
revers:- COS-II, Honos standing facing, head left, holding branch and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,03g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 145-147 A.D., ref: RIC-429a, p-79 Antonius Pius, C-110,
Q-001
quadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAES-ANTON-AVG-P-II-F_TR-POT-XI-COS-II_RIC-470-A-Pius_RSC-703_Rome-156-57-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-17,5mm_3,23g-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0470var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,60 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0470var. (Ant. Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, (no leaning on column !) holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-470var. (Ant. Pius), p-88, RSC-703, Strack A318,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus_Aurelius_Sestertius.jpg
60 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Sestertius.
Reign: Emperor, A.D. 161-180
Denomination: Æ Sestertius.
Diameter: 31 mm.
Weight: 25.46 grams.
Mint: Struck in Rome, A.D. 158-9.
Obverse: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG. PII F. Head, bare, right, bust draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: TR. POT. XIII COS. II S. C. Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium.
Reference: RIC (A. Pius) 187, 1349b. Cohen 741.
Ex Richard Graham Collection, Schulman Sale, June, 1966, #1896.
paul1888
mariniana ant-.jpg
MARINIANA AR antoninianus AD25460 viewsobv:DIVAE MARINIANAE
rev:CONSECRATIO (peacock flying right, carrying Mariniana, veiled, with raised hand & scepter)
ref:RIC6, C.14
mint:Rome
Rare
Mariniana was the wife of Valerian and mother of Gallienus. The absence
of the title Augusta would suggest that she died before the their accessions.
2 commentsberserker
Mathias-II__(1608-1619AD)_AR-Den_MAT_II_D_G_HV_BO_REX_1613_PATRONA-Shield-HVNGARI_K-B_U-869_C3-240_H-1140_1613_Q-001_1h_14,5-15mm_0,37g-s.jpg
046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,60 views046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,
avers:-
revers:-
diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 0,37g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_Q0x1_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing,60 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Fides standing holding standard in each hand.
exergo: -/-/AQP, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Aquileia, date: 2nd reign, 306-307 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-076a, p-467, C-123,
Q-001
quadrans
MaximinusII.jpg
Maximinus II60 viewsAE Follis
IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG
Laureate head right

GENIO IMPERATORIS
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera & cornucopiae, * left, A right, ANT in ex.

Antioch 310 AD

ex-ANE
Jay GT4
maximus_3.jpg
Maximus RIC IV, 360 viewsMaximus, Caesar 236 - 238, son of Maximinus I
AR - Denar, 3.12g, 19mm
Rome, spring 236 - March/April 238
obv. MAXIMVS CAES GERM
draped bust, bare head r.
rev. PRINC IVVENTVTIS
Maximus standing l., holding rod in r. hand and
reversed spear in l. hand; behind him 2 standards.
RIC IV, 3; C.10
Scarce; good EF
added to www.wildwinds.com

Maximus, made Caesar by his father AD 236 and killed together with him at Aquileia AD 238.
2 commentsJochen
Medieval-Q-10-s.jpg
Medieval, #10,60 viewsMedieval, #10,quadrans
medusas_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica60 views480 - 324 B.C.

150 years of Apollonia Pontica Medusa!
4 commentsJaimelai
megalopolis.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Megalopolis. Circa 160-150 BC. Bronze dichalkon or fourree core60 viewsBronze dichalkon or fourree core. 14.2mm. 2.27 g.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Large X with ΞB above, K-A across, M and thunderbolt below, all within wreath

Attribution: cf. BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1 Date: 160-150 BC

Ex BCD with tag. Note from BCD stating that this is a bronze coin struck from an identified offical die for a hemidrachm. This would make it possibly a test strike in bronze or a fouree core from a stolen die.
1 commentsDino
Menander_4.jpg
Menander I Soter AE Square Chalkous60 viewsAttribution: Mitchiner 134, Type 239; of Pushkalavati, chief workshop; Bactria
Date: 155-130 BC
Obverse: Elephant head with trunk raised and bell suspended from neck
Reverse: Karosthi inscription (Maharajasa Tratasara Menandrasa) around club of Herakles, monogram to l., “A” to r.
Size: 14 mm
Weight: 2.93 grams
Noah
mm18HerculesDaR.jpg
Votive tessera60 viewsRugser
moneta 424.jpg
Constantius II, Cyzicus - RIC VIII 11660 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back, wearing cap, unbearded.
left field: *
exergue: SMK?
Struck 355-361 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VIII 116 (officinae unknown)
Van Meter 100
Jericho
moneta 710 lg.jpg
Caracalla, Nicopolis AE2160 viewsobv: Laureate and draped bust right
rev: Tetrastyle temple with Serpais within
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nicopolis ad Istrum
1 commentsJericho
m_massimo_arles1.jpg
Magnvs Maximvs - Spes Romanorvm60 viewsArles
very scarce
1 commentsantvwala
NeapolisBC350-370D+R.jpg
Italy - Mint Neapolis - BC 350/37060 views1 commentsRugser
Nero_AE-22_Koinon-of-Thessaly_Diassarion_NEP_N-_E-__A__N-laureate-head-right_API_TI_NO_-_TPATH_-OV-Apollo-standing-right-playing_54-68-AD__1h_21-23mm-a_9,55g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), Thessaly, Koinon, RPC 1439, AE-22, Diassarion, Apollo,60 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), Thessaly, Koinon, RPC 1439, AE-22, Diassarion, Apollo,
avers:- NEPΩN-ΘE-ΣΣAΛ-ΩN , Laureate head right.
revers:- APIΣTIΩNOΣ-ΣTPATHΓ-OV, Apollo Kitharoedos standing right, holding kithara in his left hand, playing it with his right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 9,55g, axis: 1h
mint: Thessaly, Koinon, date: 54-68 AD., ref: Burrer Em. 1, Series 1, 16 (A3/R13); RPC 1439,
Q-001
quadrans
NicaeaSear2061.jpg
BYZANTINE, Theodore I 1208-1222 Nicaea60 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor and St. Theodore with Patriarchal Cross Between Them
Sear 2061
Laetvs
Nike.jpg
Septimius Severus from Nikopolis60 viewsSeptimius Severus AE18 (3.1 g) from Nikopolis ad Istrum.
Obv: AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKOΠOΛIT-ΩN-ΠPOC IC, Nike with spread wings, leaning on column with left arm, holding a long palm in left arm and a wreath (?) in right hand.
Pick, AMNG I, 1, p. 378, no. 1371.
1 commentsPscipio
Numerianus_AE-Ant_RIC-V-II-416_p-196_7th-off_Rome_-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,60 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
Q-001
quadrans
Octavian_AR_denarius,_32-29_AD,_Brundisium.jpg
Octavian AR denarius, 31-30 BC, Rome60 viewsOctavian
AR denarius – 19mm
Italian (Rome?) mint, 31-30 BC
bare head r.
Mercury (or Apollo?),naked, seated right on rock upon which is spread his cloak, petasus (or shield?) slung on his back, holding lyre with both hands
CAESAR DIVI F
RIC 257, CRI 401, BMCRR 4335
1 commentsArdatirion
Ousanas.jpg
Ousana60 viewsObverse: Bust rt. Garment draped on shoulders, v-neck collar, wearing a head cloth and earring? Greek inscription OAC AHA (Ousana)
Reverse: As Obv. Greek inscription BAC IACI (King)

Date : AD.286-317
Reference : M-H 33, V12
Grade : EF
Weight : 1.38g
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 20/01/05
Comments : AR 12.5mm, Die Axis 0°
Bolayi
P1010024.bmp
Volusianus 251-253 A.D.60 viewsObv:bust r. radiate wearing paludamentum and cuirass
Rev:emperor radiate riding r. on horse carries spear
Ros-187
Maritima
Parthian bronze 2.jpg
Small Bronze 260 viewsGotarzes II

Obverse: King, bareheaded with diadem, square beard, torc.

Reverse: Seated archer in square of dots.

11mm, 1.29g.

Sellwood 65.47
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Persian Empire siglos c 450 BC.jpg
Persian Empire siglos 485-420 BC60 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II. Circa 485-420 BC.
AR Siglos (15mm, 5.53 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling-running stance right, holding spear and bow.
Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IIIb A/B (pl. XII); BMC Arabia pl. XXV, 17.
1 commentsArdatirion
Philip_I.jpg
Philip I (r. 244-249 AD) - AR Antoninianus - Rome60 viewsObv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - bust, radiate, draped & cuirassed right, seen from behind
Rev: P M TR P III COS P P - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae

Minted in Rome (246 AD)
References: RIC IV 3 (C)
Weight: 4.78 g
Dimensions: 22 mm
2 commentskrazy
Photo_2006_2_10_19_29_23_edited.jpg
Gallienus FIDES AVG60 viewsGallienus, 260-268 A.D., Asia mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left holding purse and caduceus. PXV in exergue.
ancientcoins
Photo_2007_1_3_23_56_27_edited.jpg
Nero SALVS Half-Denarius60 viewsNero, 54-68 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right.
REV: Salus draped, seated left on throne, holding patera, SALVS in exergue.
1 commentsancientcoins
phrygia_amameia_res.jpg
PHRYGIA, APAMEIA60 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
Picture 730.jpg
Variant follis of Licinius, Trier60 viewsFollis of Licinius
Trier
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Lr, Cuir bust R
GENIO POP ROM
Genius stg L, patera in R hand, cornucopiae in L, undraped
T / F // BTR
Variant of RIC 121, listed as loins draped.
hooverman
plautilla030802.jpg
Plautilla, Marriage issue60 viewsPlautilla
Ar Denarius 18mm; 3.28g

PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE
draped bust right

PROPAG-O IM-PERI
Caracalla and Plautilla clasping hands

RIC IV 362, BMCRE 406, RSC 21
1 commentsarizonarobin
Pontifmax_II_Cldc.jpg
Pontif II Secvritas seated Cldc 60 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIFMAXTRPIICOSPP, SC in exergue
Securitas draped, seated left on throne, holding vertical sceptre in right hand and resting head on left hand, left arm resting on top of throne, elbow bent; in front left, lighted and garlanded altar
BMC 123-4, RIC 407
Weight, 20.29g; die axis, 12h.
3 commentsmix_val
PontiusPilate30BCHendin649.jpg
[18H649] Pontius Pilate Prefect under Tiberius Prutah, "LIZ", 30 BC60 viewsPONTIUS PILATE PRUTAH, 'LIZ;' Hendin 649, VF, 15.5mm, 1.90 grams. Struck 30 C.E. Nice historic coin.

THE COINS OF PONTIUS PILATE
Jean-Philippe Fontanille

INTRODUCTION
They are not really beautiful, or truly rare, nor are they of very great monetary value. Yet these apparently modest coins carry in their weight an era and an act which would have immense consequence to the history of the world. Indeed, they are closely associated with three basic factors which saw the foundation of Christianity :
1 - The temporal proximity : Most modern experts agree in recognising that the year now designated 30 C.E. marked the trial and the death of Jesus. Given that time-frame, Pilate's coins were minted in 29, 30 and 31 C.E.
2 - The geographic proximity : The most credible hypothesis indicates that these particular coins where struck in Jerusalem, the city in which the significant events took place.
3 - The human proximity : Pontius Pilate himself designed and put the coins into circulation, and of course he was the man who conducted the trial and ordered the crucifixion of Jesus.

So it is that everyone, whether a believer or simply a lover of history or of numismatics, will find in these coins direct evidence of and witness to an episode the memory of which has survived 2000 years : A momentous event which has to a great extent fashioned the world we know.

Throughout this article we will also note the exceptional character of Pilate's coins: Exceptional in the nature of the images they bear, for the numerous variants they offer, for the presence of countermarks, and above all for the part their originator played in history. The putative appearance of these coins imprints on the Turin shroud has yet to be confirmed by more solid scientific proofs.

Pilate's coins are Roman coins, the words on them are Greek, they were circulated in Judea, and today they are to be found distributed among world-wide collectors after having spent 2000 years buried in the earth. They were minted and used during a period which produced an event destined to change the face of the world, and issued at the command of one of the principal actors in that event. An amazing and dramatic destiny for apparently such humble and unassuming little coins !

For 35 years Pilate's coins were passed from hand to hand every day. They knew the scent of spice-stalls, heard the merchants' ranting, smelled the sweat and dust of daily works. They were alive to the sounds of Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin voices ¬ now haggling over a price, now offering prayers to YHVH, Jesus or Jupiter.

Nobody prays to Jupiter any more [?], but Pilate's coins are surviving witnesses to a time when the first Christians were considered as a messianic sect among several others in the midst of Judaism in crisis. The absolute split between Judaism and Christianity took place from about 70 C.E, the year which marked the tragic ending of the first Jewish rebellion. It was from that time, too, that Pilate's money ceased to be used.

Like each one of us, who carries always a few small coins in the bottom of our pockets; there is no doubt that some of Pilate's coins resonated to the last words of the most famous of all supplicants. A very long story had its beginning...

2. MANUFACTURE AND CIRCULATION
LOCATION OF MINTS
Although the prefects had their residencies in Cesarea, the administrative capital of the province, it seems that their money was minted in Jerusalem. Indeed, a specimen dated year 31 has been found in this town in an incomplete state of manufacture.

DURATION OF USE
It would seem that Pilate's money was in current use for at least 35 years. Indeed, some of it has been discovered among other coins during the excavation of remains of dwellings destroyed by the Romans during the first Jewish revolt, which is evidence that they were still in use at that time.

AREA OF CIRCULATION
These coins circulated far beyond the frontiers of Judea. Some samples have been discovered as far away as Antioch in present-day Turkey, nearly 500 kilometres from Jerusalem where they were minted. Others have also been found in Jordan. These limits represent a circulation area of at least 100.000 square kilometres, that is five times larger than the size of the state of Israel. Taking into account that it was a time when distances were expressed in terms of days of march, one begins to see the important influence of these coins.

3. THE IMAGES AND THE TEXTS
THE SIMPULUM
A fairly frequent symbol from the Roman religion of the time, the simpulum was a utensil used by the priests during their religious ceremonies. This little ladle, provided with shaft and a handle, allowed the priests to taste the wine which they poured onto the head of an animal destined for sacrifice, after which the soothsayer was empowered to examine the animal's entrails for signs and portents sent to men by the Gods through the medium of the interpreter. As I pointed, none of this would have been obvious at first sight of the motif except perhaps to a Roman citizen. However, it throws some light on the theory put forward by F.A. Banks [Coins of the Bible Days].

This wasn't the first time that the simpulum appeared on Roman coins, but it is the first time it figured alone. This fact gives an additional specificity to Pilate's coins, not only in the context of Judea but also in comparison with all the other coins of the Empire.

THE THREE EARS OF BARLEY
The three ears or barley are featured on the opposing face of the simpulum. Unlike the simpulum, these ears of barley are not in contravention of the Jewish Law. The motif is nevertheless distinctive because it is the first time it appears on a Judean coin. The motif would reappear twelve years later on one of Herod Agrippa's coin, then on another, much rarer, of Agrippa II (ears of barley held in a hand). After that, the motif disappeared altogether from ancient Jewish coins.

THE LITUUS
The lituus was the wooden staff which the augurs held in the right hand; it symbolised their authority and their pastoral vocation. It was raised toward heavens while the priests invoked the Gods and made their predictions. Legend records that Romulus used it at the time of Rome's foundation in 753 B.C.E. It is interesting to note that the cross used in present times is the direct descendant of the lituus. As with the simpulum, Pilate's coinage is exceptional in that it alone displays the lituus as the sole object illustrated on the face.

THE WREATH
The laurel wreath is a symbol of power and victory, and figures on various ancient Greek and Roman coins. In Judea it can be found during the reign of John Hyrcanus I (134 to 104 B.C.E.). After that, Herod Antipas, speaker for Pilate, used it on all his coins. On Pilate's coins, the laurel wreath figures on the reverse side of the lituus, framing the date.

THE DATES
The notation of dates uses a code invented by the Greeks whereby each letter of the alphabet was assigned a number. This code would be used again in Judaism under the name of Guematria. The system is simple : the first ten letters of the alphabet are linked to units (1,2,3...), the following ten letters to tens (10,20,30...) and the four remaining letters to the first four hundreds. The "L" is an abbreviation meaning "year". Tiberius became emperor on September 17 of year 14 C.E, so we have :

LIS = Year 29 C.E. * LIZ = Year 30 C.E. * LIH = Year 31 C.E.

THE TEXTS
The legends on Pontius Pilate's coins are written in Greek. Judea, governed by the Ptolemy dynasty (301 to 198 B.C.E) then by the Syrians until 63 B.C.E, came under the same powerful influence of the Hellenic culture which touched the other territories of the ancient Persian Empire won by Alexander the Great. In spite of a certain amount of resistance, this Hellenistic heritage eventually crept into every aspect of daily life. Apart from the dates, the texts on Pilate's coinage consisted of only three different words : - TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (Of Tiberius Emperor) on all three coins; - IOYLIA KAICAPOC (Empress Julia) added to the coin of year 29.
http://www.numismalink.com/fontanille1.html


Pontius Pilate
After the deposition of the eldest son of Herod, Archelaus (who had succeeded his father as ethnarch), Judea was placed under the rule of a Roman procurator. Pilate, who was the fifth, succeeding Valerius Gratus in A.D. 26, had greater authority than most procurators under the empire, for in addition to the ordinary duty of financial administration, he had supreme power judicially. His unusually long period of office (A.D. 26-36) covers the whole of the active ministry both of St. John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ.
As procurator Pilate was necessarily of equestrian rank, but beyond that we know little of his family or origin. Some have thought that he was only a freedman, deriving his name from pileus (the cap of freed slaves) but for this there seems to be no adequate evidence, and it is unlikely that a freedman would attain to a post of such importance. The Pontii were a Samnite gens. Pilate owed his appointment to the influence of Sejanus. The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Cæsarea; where there was a military force of about 3,000 soldiers. These soldiers came up to Jerusalem at the time of the feasts, when the city was full of strangers, and there was greater danger of disturbances, hence it was that Pilate had come to Jerusalem at the time of the Crucifixion. His name will be forever covered with infamy because of the part which he took in this matter, though at the time it appeared to him of small importance.
Pilate is a type of the worldly man, knowing the right and anxious to do it so far as it can be done without personal sacrifice of any kind, but yielding easily to pressure from those whose interest it is that he should act otherwise. He would gladly have acquitted Christ, and even made serious efforts in that direction, but gave way at once when his own position was threatened.
The other events of his rule are not of very great importance. Philo (Ad Gaium, 38) speaks of him as inflexible, merciless, and obstinate. The Jews hated him and his administration, for he was not only very severe, but showed little consideration for their susceptibilities. Some standards bearing the image of Tiberius, which had been set up by him in Jerusalem, caused an outbreak which would have ended in a massacre had not Pilate given way. At a later date Tiberius ordered him to remove certain gilt shields, which he had set up in Jerusalem in spite of the remonstrances of the people. The incident mentioned in St. Luke 13:1, of the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate mingled with the sacrifices, is not elsewhere referred to, but is quite in keeping with other authentic events of his rule. He was, therefore, anxious that no further hostile reports should be sent to the emperor concerning him.
The tendency, already discernible in the canonical Gospels, to lay stress on the efforts of Pilate to acquit Christ, and thus pass as lenient a judgment as possible upon his crime, goes further in the apocryphal Gospels and led in later years to the claim that he actually became a Christian. The Abyssinian Church reckons him as a saint, and assigns 25 June to him and to Claudia Procula, his wife. The belief that she became a Christian goes back to the second century, and may be found in Origen (Hom., in Mat., xxxv). The Greek Church assigns her a feast on 27 October. Tertullian and Justin Martyr both speak of a report on the Crucifixion (not extant) sent in by Pilate to Tiberius, from which idea a large amount of apocryphal literature originated. Some of these were Christian in origin (Gospel of Nicodemus), others came from the heathen, but these have all perished.
His rule was brought to an end through trouble which arose in Samaria. An imposter had given out that it was in his power to discover the sacred vessels which, as he alleged, had been hidden by Moses on Mount Gerizim, whither armed Samaritans came in large numbers. Pilate seems to have thought the whole affair was a blind, covering some other more important design, for he hurried forces to attack them, and many were slain. They appealed to Vitellius, who was at that time legate in Syria, saying that nothing political had been intended, and complaining of Pilate's whole administration. He was summoned to Rome to answer their charges, but before he could reach the city the Emperor Tiberius had died.
Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12083c.htm

As the man who presided over the trial of Jesus, who found no fault with the defendant and washed his hands of the affair by referring it back to the Jewish mob, but who signed the final death warrant, Pontius Pilate represents almost a byword for ambivalence.
He appears in a poor light in all four Gospels and in a favourable light in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter where the Jews take all the blame for Jesus' death.
In the later Acts of Pilate, he is both cleared of responsibility for the Crucifixion and is said to have converted to Christianity.
In the drama of the Passion, Pilate is a ditherer who drifts towards pardoning Jesus, then drifts away again. He tries to pass the buck several times, makes the decision to save Jesus, then capitulates.
The former Archbishop of Canterbury, the late Robert Runcie once wrote, "It would have been better for the moral health of Christianity if the blame had stayed with Pilate."
In a poignant moment in the course of the trial, Pontius Pilate responds to an assertion by Jesus by asking "What is truth?"
The truth about Pilate is difficult to ascertain since records are few. Legends say he was a Spaniard or a German, but most likely he was a natural-born Roman citizen from central Italy.
But the fact that he was definitely the Procurator of Judea from 26 to 36 AD helps to establish Jesus as a real person and fixes him in time.
The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Caesarea, a mainly non-Jewish city where a force of some 3,000 Roman soldiers were based.
These would come to Jerusalem during the time of feasts when there was a greater danger of disturbances. This would explain Pilate's presence in the city during the time of the Crucifixion.
Pilate is recorded by several contemporary historians; his name is inscribed on Roman coins and on a stone dug up in Caesarea in the 1960s with the words, PONTIUS PILATUS PRAEFECTUS PROVINCIAE JUDAEAE.
The governorship of Judea was only a second-rate posting, though having the Jewish religious capital, Jerusalem, on its patch would have increased its importance.
Pilate ruled in conjunction with the Jewish authorities and was under orders from Emperor Tiberius, to respect their culture. He was a soldier rather than a diplomat.
The Jews relied on the Romans to keep their own rebellious factions under control. But they appeared to hate Pilate.
One contemporary Jewish historian Philo, describes him as a violent thug, fond of executions without trial. Another, Josephus, records that, at the start of his term, Pilate provoked the Jews by ordering the imperial standards to be carried into Jerusalem.
But he backed off from an all-out confrontation. On the other hand, later, he helped himself to Jewish revenues to build an aqueduct.
When, according to Josephus, bands of resistance fighters, supported by crowds of ordinary people, sabotaged the project by getting in the way of Pilate's workmen, he sent in his soldiers. Hundreds were massacred.
Anne Wroe, author of a recent book Pilate: the Biography of an Invented Man, says that for some modern scholars, given this propensity for violence when the occasion warranted, the idea of Pilate as a waverer is nonsense.
A Roman governor, they point out, would not have wasted two minutes thinking about a shabby Jewish villain, one among many. Wroe's depiction of Pilate, however, suggests he was something of a pragmatist.
His first duty was to keep the peace in Judea and to keep the revenues flowing back to Rome. "Should I have jeopardised the peace for the sake of some Jew who may have been innocent?", she has Pilate asking. "Should I have defied a furious crowd, maybe butchered them, to save one life?"
Whatever the truth about the real Pontius Pilate, such dilemmas are what he has come to symbolise.
Anne Wroe makes the modern comparisons of Neville Chamberlain in 1938. Bill McSweeney, of the Irish School of Ecumenics suggests that "without the Pilates of Anglo-Irish politics, we might never have had the Good Friday Agreement".
Tony Blair has said of Pilate: "It is possible to view Pilate as the archetypal politician, caught on the horns of a dilemma."
Even if, in reality, the Jesus affair was nothing but a small side-show in the career of Pontius Pilate, it had monumental repercussions for his image.
His inclusion in the Christian creeds, in the words of Robert Runcie, "binds the eternal realms to the stumbling, messy chronology of earthly time and place".
BBC: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1273594.stm

The Ethiopian Church recognized Pilate as a saint in the sixth century, based on the account in the Acts of Pilate

Although historians can pinpoint the exact date of death of many distinguished historical figures, the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ remains a matter of scholarly debate. Christ’s birth is most often dated between 7-5 BC (some scholars have suggested, however, His birth was as early as 20 BC). Christ’s Death and Resurrection is dated between 29-36 AD.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
PontiusPilate31BCHendin650.jpg
[18H650] Pontius Pilate prefect for Tiberius Prutah, 31 BC60 viewsPONTIUS PILATUS PRUTAH. Hendin 650, aVF, 14.3mm, 1.94 grams. Minted 31 C.E. FULL "LIH" Date, (H partially hidden behind pretty patina can be revealed.)

THE COINS OF PONTIUS PILATE
Jean-Philippe Fontanille

INTRODUCTION
They are not really beautiful, or truly rare, nor are they of very great monetary value. Yet these apparently modest coins carry in their weight an era and an act which would have immense consequence to the history of the world. Indeed, they are closely associated with three basic factors which saw the foundation of Christianity :
1 - The temporal proximity : Most modern experts agree in recognising that the year now designated 30 C.E. marked the trial and the death of Jesus. Given that time-frame, Pilate's coins were minted in 29, 30 and 31 C.E.
2 - The geographic proximity : The most credible hypothesis indicates that these particular coins where struck in Jerusalem, the city in which the significant events took place.
3 - The human proximity : Pontius Pilate himself designed and put the coins into circulation, and of course he was the man who conducted the trial and ordered the crucifixion of Jesus.

So it is that everyone, whether a believer or simply a lover of history or of numismatics, will find in these coins direct evidence of and witness to an episode the memory of which has survived 2000 years : A momentous event which has to a great extent fashioned the world we know.

Throughout this article we will also note the exceptional character of Pilate's coins: Exceptional in the nature of the images they bear, for the numerous variants they offer, for the presence of countermarks, and above all for the part their originator played in history. The putative appearance of these coins imprints on the Turin shroud has yet to be confirmed by more solid scientific proofs.

Pilate's coins are Roman coins, the words on them are Greek, they were circulated in Judea, and today they are to be found distributed among world-wide collectors after having spent 2000 years buried in the earth. They were minted and used during a period which produced an event destined to change the face of the world, and issued at the command of one of the principal actors in that event. An amazing and dramatic destiny for apparently such humble and unassuming little coins !

For 35 years Pilate's coins were passed from hand to hand every day. They knew the scent of spice-stalls, heard the merchants' ranting, smelled the sweat and dust of daily works. They were alive to the sounds of Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin voices ¬ now haggling over a price, now offering prayers to YHVH, Jesus or Jupiter.

Nobody prays to Jupiter any more [?], but Pilate's coins are surviving witnesses to a time when the first Christians were considered as a messianic sect among several others in the midst of Judaism in crisis. The absolute split between Judaism and Christianity took place from about 70 C.E, the year which marked the tragic ending of the first Jewish rebellion. It was from that time, too, that Pilate's money ceased to be used.

Like each one of us, who carries always a few small coins in the bottom of our pockets; there is no doubt that some of Pilate's coins resonated to the last words of the most famous of all supplicants. A very long story had its beginning...

2. MANUFACTURE AND CIRCULATION
LOCATION OF MINTS
Although the prefects had their residencies in Cesarea, the administrative capital of the province, it seems that their money was minted in Jerusalem. Indeed, a specimen dated year 31 has been found in this town in an incomplete state of manufacture.

DURATION OF USE
It would seem that Pilate's money was in current use for at least 35 years. Indeed, some of it has been discovered among other coins during the excavation of remains of dwellings destroyed by the Romans during the first Jewish revolt, which is evidence that they were still in use at that time.

AREA OF CIRCULATION
These coins circulated far beyond the frontiers of Judea. Some samples have been discovered as far away as Antioch in present-day Turkey, nearly 500 kilometres from Jerusalem where they were minted. Others have also been found in Jordan. These limits represent a circulation area of at least 100.000 square kilometres, that is five times larger than the size of the state of Israel. Taking into account that it was a time when distances were expressed in terms of days of march, one begins to see the important influence of these coins.

3. THE IMAGES AND THE TEXTS
THE SIMPULUM
A fairly frequent symbol from the Roman religion of the time, the simpulum was a utensil used by the priests during their religious ceremonies. This little ladle, provided with shaft and a handle, allowed the priests to taste the wine which they poured onto the head of an animal destined for sacrifice, after which the soothsayer was empowered to examine the animal's entrails for signs and portents sent to men by the Gods through the medium of the interpreter. As I pointed, none of this would have been obvious at first sight of the motif except perhaps to a Roman citizen. However, it throws some light on the theory put forward by F.A. Banks [Coins of the Bible Days].

This wasn't the first time that the simpulum appeared on Roman coins, but it is the first time it figured alone. This fact gives an additional specificity to Pilate's coins, not only in the context of Judea but also in comparison with all the other coins of the Empire.

THE THREE EARS OF BARLEY
The three ears or barley are featured on the opposing face of the simpulum. Unlike the simpulum, these ears of barley are not in contravention of the Jewish Law. The motif is nevertheless distinctive because it is the first time it appears on a Judean coin. The motif would reappear twelve years later on one of Herod Agrippa's coin, then on another, much rarer, of Agrippa II (ears of barley held in a hand). After that, the motif disappeared altogether from ancient Jewish coins.

THE LITUUS
The lituus was the wooden staff which the augurs held in the right hand; it symbolised their authority and their pastoral vocation. It was raised toward heavens while the priests invoked the Gods and made their predictions. Legend records that Romulus used it at the time of Rome's foundation in 753 B.C.E. It is interesting to note that the cross used in present times is the direct descendant of the lituus. As with the simpulum, Pilate's coinage is exceptional in that it alone displays the lituus as the sole object illustrated on the face.

THE WREATH
The laurel wreath is a symbol of power and victory, and figures on various ancient Greek and Roman coins. In Judea it can be found during the reign of John Hyrcanus I (134 to 104 B.C.E.). After that, Herod Antipas, speaker for Pilate, used it on all his coins. On Pilate's coins, the laurel wreath figures on the reverse side of the lituus, framing the date.

THE DATES
The notation of dates uses a code invented by the Greeks whereby each letter of the alphabet was assigned a number. This code would be used again in Judaism under the name of Guematria. The system is simple : the first ten letters of the alphabet are linked to units (1,2,3...), the following ten letters to tens (10,20,30...) and the four remaining letters to the first four hundreds. The "L" is an abbreviation meaning "year". Tiberius became emperor on September 17 of year 14 C.E, so we have :

LIS = Year 29 C.E. * LIZ = Year 30 C.E. * LIH = Year 31 C.E.

THE TEXTS
The legends on Pontius Pilate's coins are written in Greek. Judea, governed by the Ptolemy dynasty (301 to 198 B.C.E) then by the Syrians until 63 B.C.E, came under the same powerful influence of the Hellenic culture which touched the other territories of the ancient Persian Empire won by Alexander the Great. In spite of a certain amount of resistance, this Hellenistic heritage eventually crept into every aspect of daily life. Apart from the dates, the texts on Pilate's coinage consisted of only three different words : - TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (Of Tiberius Emperor) on all three coins; - IOYLIA KAICAPOC (Empress Julia) added to the coin of year 29.
http://www.numismalink.com/fontanille1.html


Pontius Pilate
After the deposition of the eldest son of Herod, Archelaus (who had succeeded his father as ethnarch), Judea was placed under the rule of a Roman procurator. Pilate, who was the fifth, succeeding Valerius Gratus in A.D. 26, had greater authority than most procurators under the empire, for in addition to the ordinary duty of financial administration, he had supreme power judicially. His unusually long period of office (A.D. 26-36) covers the whole of the active ministry both of St. John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ.
As procurator Pilate was necessarily of equestrian rank, but beyond that we know little of his family or origin. Some have thought that he was only a freedman, deriving his name from pileus (the cap of freed slaves) but for this there seems to be no adequate evidence, and it is unlikely that a freedman would attain to a post of such importance. The Pontii were a Samnite gens. Pilate owed his appointment to the influence of Sejanus. The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Cæsarea; where there was a military force of about 3,000 soldiers. These soldiers came up to Jerusalem at the time of the feasts, when the city was full of strangers, and there was greater danger of disturbances, hence it was that Pilate had come to Jerusalem at the time of the Crucifixion. His name will be forever covered with infamy because of the part which he took in this matter, though at the time it appeared to him of small importance.
Pilate is a type of the worldly man, knowing the right and anxious to do it so far as it can be done without personal sacrifice of any kind, but yielding easily to pressure from those whose interest it is that he should act otherwise. He would gladly have acquitted Christ, and even made serious efforts in that direction, but gave way at once when his own position was threatened.
The other events of his rule are not of very great importance. Philo (Ad Gaium, 38) speaks of him as inflexible, merciless, and obstinate. The Jews hated him and his administration, for he was not only very severe, but showed little consideration for their susceptibilities. Some standards bearing the image of Tiberius, which had been set up by him in Jerusalem, caused an outbreak which would have ended in a massacre had not Pilate given way. At a later date Tiberius ordered him to remove certain gilt shields, which he had set up in Jerusalem in spite of the remonstrances of the people. The incident mentioned in St. Luke 13:1, of the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate mingled with the sacrifices, is not elsewhere referred to, but is quite in keeping with other authentic events of his rule. He was, therefore, anxious that no further hostile reports should be sent to the emperor concerning him.
The tendency, already discernible in the canonical Gospels, to lay stress on the efforts of Pilate to acquit Christ, and thus pass as lenient a judgment as possible upon his crime, goes further in the apocryphal Gospels and led in later years to the claim that he actually became a Christian. The Abyssinian Church reckons him as a saint, and assigns 25 June to him and to Claudia Procula, his wife. The belief that she became a Christian goes back to the second century, and may be found in Origen (Hom., in Mat., xxxv). The Greek Church assigns her a feast on 27 October. Tertullian and Justin Martyr both speak of a report on the Crucifixion (not extant) sent in by Pilate to Tiberius, from which idea a large amount of apocryphal literature originated. Some of these were Christian in origin (Gospel of Nicodemus), others came from the heathen, but these have all perished.
His rule was brought to an end through trouble which arose in Samaria. An imposter had given out that it was in his power to discover the sacred vessels which, as he alleged, had been hidden by Moses on Mount Gerizim, whither armed Samaritans came in large numbers. Pilate seems to have thought the whole affair was a blind, covering some other more important design, for he hurried forces to attack them, and many were slain. They appealed to Vitellius, who was at that time legate in Syria, saying that nothing political had been intended, and complaining of Pilate's whole administration. He was summoned to Rome to answer their charges, but before he could reach the city the Emperor Tiberius had died.
Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12083c.htm

As the man who presided over the trial of Jesus, who found no fault with the defendant and washed his hands of the affair by referring it back to the Jewish mob, but who signed the final death warrant, Pontius Pilate represents almost a byword for ambivalence.
He appears in a poor light in all four Gospels and in a favourable light in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter where the Jews take all the blame for Jesus' death.
In the later Acts of Pilate, he is both cleared of responsibility for the Crucifixion and is said to have converted to Christianity.
In the drama of the Passion, Pilate is a ditherer who drifts towards pardoning Jesus, then drifts away again. He tries to pass the buck several times, makes the decision to save Jesus, then capitulates.
The former Archbishop of Canterbury, the late Robert Runcie once wrote, "It would have been better for the moral health of Christianity if the blame had stayed with Pilate."
In a poignant moment in the course of the trial, Pontius Pilate responds to an assertion by Jesus by asking "What is truth?"
The truth about Pilate is difficult to ascertain since records are few. Legends say he was a Spaniard or a German, but most likely he was a natural-born Roman citizen from central Italy.
But the fact that he was definitely the Procurator of Judea from 26 to 36 AD helps to establish Jesus as a real person and fixes him in time.
The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Caesarea, a mainly non-Jewish city where a force of some 3,000 Roman soldiers were based.
These would come to Jerusalem during the time of feasts when there was a greater danger of disturbances. This would explain Pilate's presence in the city during the time of the Crucifixion.
Pilate is recorded by several contemporary historians; his name is inscribed on Roman coins and on a stone dug up in Caesarea in the 1960s with the words, PONTIUS PILATUS PRAEFECTUS PROVINCIAE JUDAEAE.
The governorship of Judea was only a second-rate posting, though having the Jewish religious capital, Jerusalem, on its patch would have increased its importance.
Pilate ruled in conjunction with the Jewish authorities and was under orders from Emperor Tiberius, to respect their culture. He was a soldier rather than a diplomat.
The Jews relied on the Romans to keep their own rebellious factions under control. But they appeared to hate Pilate.
One contemporary Jewish historian Philo, describes him as a violent thug, fond of executions without trial. Another, Josephus, records that, at the start of his term, Pilate provoked the Jews by ordering the imperial standards to be carried into Jerusalem.
But he backed off from an all-out confrontation. On the other hand, later, he helped himself to Jewish revenues to build an aqueduct.
When, according to Josephus, bands of resistance fighters, supported by crowds of ordinary people, sabotaged the project by getting in the way of Pilate's workmen, he sent in his soldiers. Hundreds were massacred.
Anne Wroe, author of a recent book Pilate: the Biography of an Invented Man, says that for some modern scholars, given this propensity for violence when the occasion warranted, the idea of Pilate as a waverer is nonsense.
A Roman governor, they point out, would not have wasted two minutes thinking about a shabby Jewish villain, one among many. Wroe's depiction of Pilate, however, suggests he was something of a pragmatist.
His first duty was to keep the peace in Judea and to keep the revenues flowing back to Rome. "Should I have jeopardised the peace for the sake of some Jew who may have been innocent?", she has Pilate asking. "Should I have defied a furious crowd, maybe butchered them, to save one life?"
Whatever the truth about the real Pontius Pilate, such dilemmas are what he has come to symbolise.
Anne Wroe makes the modern comparisons of Neville Chamberlain in 1938. Bill McSweeney, of the Irish School of Ecumenics suggests that "without the Pilates of Anglo-Irish politics, we might never have had the Good Friday Agreement".
Tony Blair has said of Pilate: "It is possible to view Pilate as the archetypal politician, caught on the horns of a dilemma."
Even if, in reality, the Jesus affair was nothing but a small side-show in the career of Pontius Pilate, it had monumental repercussions for his image.
His inclusion in the Christian creeds, in the words of Robert Runcie, "binds the eternal realms to the stumbling, messy chronology of earthly time and place".
BBC: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1273594.stm

The Ethiopian Church recognized Pilate as a saint in the sixth century, based on the account in the Acts of Pilate

Although historians can pinpoint the exact date of death of many distinguished historical figures, the date of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ remains a matter of scholarly debate. Christ’s birth is most often dated between 7-5 BC (some scholars have suggested, however, His birth was as early as 20 BC). Christ’s Death and Resurrection is dated between 29-36 AD.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC 58.jpg
Postumus FELICITAS AVG RIC V/2 5860 viewsAnt, 23mm, 4.19g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing L with caduceus and cornucopia.

Trier, Officina B.

RIC 58, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_T_XXI_RIC-905_Cyzicus_1st-em_276-AD_Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,87g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #160 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 905, Cyzicus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-A, T//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from back. (A)
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: T//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 905, p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG-(F)_PAX-AVG_S_XXI_RIC-706_Alf-41-no-18_Siscia_7nt-em-280-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_22-23mm_2,93g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 706, Siscia, PAX-AVG, Bust-F, -/S//XXI, Pax standing left, #260 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 706, Siscia, PAX-AVG, Bust-F, -/S//XXI, Pax standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- PAX-AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exerg: -/S//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,93g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, 2nd off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-706, Alfoldi-41-No-18,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG-(H)_SALVS-AVG_V-Star_T-XXI_RIC-V-II-499-p-_Ticinum_10th-em_C-_282-AD_Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,27g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,60 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 499, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/*//TXXI, Salus standing right,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-PVBLIC, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/*//TXXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 10th. emission, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-499, p-71,
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_RIC-706_5h_21-22mm_3,96g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 706, Siscia, PAX-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIS, Pax standing left,60 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 706, Siscia, PAX-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIS, Pax standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- PAX-AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,96g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission, 2nd off., date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-706, Alfoldi-41-No-24,
Q-001
quadrans
procilius_Crawford379.2.jpg
L. Procilius, Crawford 379/260 viewsL. Procilius, gens Procilia
AR - Denarius Serratus, 21mm, 4.14g
Rome, 80 BC
obv. Head of Juno Sospita, wearing goat skin, r.
S.C behind
rev. Juno Sospita, wearing shield and spear, in galloping biga r., beneath snake
in ex. L.PROCILI.F
Crawford 379/2; Sydenham 772; Procilia 2
about VF

L. Procilius generally is identified as the senator who was condemned because of its bad administration. Furthermore it is suggested that he is the historian Procilius. Else nothing is known about the gens Procilia. She seems to be from Lavinium as suggested by her motives.
Jochen
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC60 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Punic 7~0.jpg
60 viewsTanit
QuinAnonimo.jpg
60 viewsAnonymous Republic Quinarius - After 211 BC.
Ob.: Helmeted head of Roma right, V behind
Rev.: Dioscuri galloping right, ROMA in a tablet.
Gs. 2,2 mm. 16,1
Craw. 44/6, Sear RCV 42

2 commentsMaxentius
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.60 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 039c img.jpg
039 - Trajan Denarius - RIC 05860 viewsObv:– IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P COS IIII P P, Victory standing left holding patera and palm
Reference RIC 58
maridvnvm
RI 045a img.jpg
045 - Sabina denarius - RIC 39560 viewsObv:– SABINA AVGVSTA, Diademed and draped bust right, hair in queue down neck
Rev:– IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing left with patera & scepter
Mint – Rome
Reference RIC 395
maridvnvm
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49460 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064cg img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47060 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VI-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 195 - 196
References:– BMC W438, RIC 470 (Scarce), RSC 165
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066bc img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Antoninianus - RIC 313 var (unlisted, probably in error)60 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen half from the back
Rev:– VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory and spear, shield at side
Minted in Rome circa A.D. 215
Reference:– RIC 311 var (Unlisted in RIC with Cuirassed bust, probably in error)
A nice example of one of the earliest of the Ants. produced by Caracalla.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 068q img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 068 (base metal)60 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P COS II, Geta on horseback left, galloping over fallen foe
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 071f img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 001 (2f)60 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Roma, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre; by her side, shield
References:– VM 9, RIC 1 (2f) (Common), RCV02 7493, RSC 125

What would have been a wonderful coin is spoiled by the unfortunate double strike evident on the obverse around the nose and mouth.
maridvnvm
RI 121a img.jpg
121 - Tetricus II Ant. - RIC 27060 viewsObv:– C PIV ES(V TETRICV)S CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– (SPES) PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt
Reference:– Cohen 87. RIC 270
maridvnvm
RI 132kp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 435 var (Ticinum) (QXXT) 60 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left in elaborate cuirass decorated with Medusa medallion & holding Vitoriola (Victory on globe, facing left, holding wreath) in right hand, palm up
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum(QXXT) Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen unlisted. RIC 435 var. (This bust type not listed in RIC or Cohen)
Die match is illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ph img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 624 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIV)60 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left right hand raised, left holding scepter (without captive)
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 5 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 624 Bust type H. Alföldi type 5, n° 96
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132x img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 922 - Bust Type C (Antioch) (E / XXI)60 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Antioch (E in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 922 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RIC_044_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_ORIENS-AVG_I_Bust-F_RIC-44-p-23_Bast-164_Lugdunum_2nd-emiss_276-AD_Rare_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,34g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!60 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 044, Lugdunum, ORIENS AVG, Bust F, -/-//I, Sol walking left, R!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (2,F),
revers: ORIENS-AVG, Sol walking left, between two captives, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exerg: -/-//I, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Lugdunum, 2nd emiss, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 044, p-23, C-, Bastien 164, R!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_161_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_ADVENTVS-PROBI-AVG_R-Z_RIC-161-p-35_Rome_2nd-em_7th-off_277-AD_Q-001_6h_22-24mm_3,94g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 161, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-C, -/-//R Z, Emperor riding left, #160 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 161, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-C, -/-//R Z, Emperor riding left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (C var.)
revers:- A-DVENT-V-S-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R Z, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,70g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 277-A.D., 2nd. emission, 7th off. ref: RIC-V-II-161, p-35,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-no_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,28g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//--, Sol faceing in spred quadriga, 60 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//--, Sol faceing in spred quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- SO-LI-N-VICT-O, Sol faceing in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-911, p118, 2nd emission,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_---C_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_II_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD_Q-001_h_23-24mm_4,21g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,60 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in RIC, Siscia, -/II//XXI, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, -/II/XXI, Providentia standing left, holding globe, and sceptre (tranverse), II in right field.
exerg: -/II//XXI, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,21g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 1st issue, 2nd officina, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II Not in RIC, ,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_314F_Carinus_AE-Ant_M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AVG-G_A_XXI_RIC-V--p-RIC-T--rd-off-iss-_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_-h_23-24mm_4,21ga-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #160 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emiss. date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-314F,
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_anon_03_06.jpg
33060 viewsAnon, time of Constantine I, c.330 AD
AR third siliqua
Helmeted bust of Roma right
P
Constantinople mint?
Cohen 3

This series is interesting and comprises of several issues of both fractional silver and bronze dating between the 4th and 6th centuries AD (according to Bendall, RN 2002, pp 139-59).

This piece (type 2a) belongs to his early series from c.330 AD. Although no mintmarks are present it is believed the coin was struck in Constantinople due to the provenance of most of the recorded specimens and was probably issued around the time of the dedication of the "new Rome" in the east.
mauseus
Roman-Gagat-_bracelet_Q-001_65-71x5,5mm_10,02g-s.jpg
Roman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,60 viewsRoman Black "Gagat"-bracelet #001,
type: Gagat-bracelet,
size: 65-71x5,5mm,
weight: 10,02g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref:???,
distribution:??? ,
Q-001
quadrans
romI14.jpg
BYZANTINE, Romanus I, Sear 1760.60 viewsRomanus I Lacapenus (920-944, co-ruler of Constantine VII. Porphyrogenitus 913-959)
Follis, Constantinople.
1 commentsW. Kutschenko
RS022-Roman-AE_as,_Claudius_(ca_41-54_AD)-014000.JPG
CLAUDIUS (41-54 AD), AE as, LIBERTAS60 viewsObverse- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left.
Reverse- LIBERTAS AVGVSTA/ S-C, Libertas standing facing with pileus, extending left hand.
RIC 113, 28 mm, 9.03 g.
NGC Ch F ("sand patina", Strike 3/5, Surface 3/5), cert. #4094567-003.
Ex-?, probably eBay, July 2011, purchased raw.
Comments: I've always liked "sandy" or "desert" patina on late Roman coins from the eastern empire, but have hardly ever seen it on earlier Imperial coins like this. I've forgotten who I bought this from, though I think it was off eBay. I saved some partial notes, though unfortunately they didn't include the seller's name or the exact cost. I do remember being happy with the price. The seller said this was struck at Tarraco, circa 50-54 AD. I'm not entirely sure of the attribution.

5 commentslordmarcovan
s-722 chun xi.jpg
CHINA - S. SONG DYNASTY - CHUN XI60 viewsSouthern Song Dynasty - Emperor Xiao Xong (1163-1190) - Chun Xi reign (1174-1189). Cash. Year 14 - 1187. S-722. H-17.196.dpaul7
Salonina-Billon-Ant_SALONINA-AVG_PVDICITIA_VI_RIC-25_Gobl-0376dd_Rome_Q-001_0h_19-22mm_3,02g-s.jpg
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 025, Rome, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left,60 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 025, Rome, PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, holding patera in right hand and scepter in left. VI in exergue.
exe: -/-//VI, diameter: 19-22 mm, weight: 3,02 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-025, p-194, C-92, Göbl-376dd,
Q-001
quadrans
SALONINA.JPG
Salonina60 viewsSalonina - Antioch Mint - AE Antoninianus - RIC V 87

O: SALONINA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait carried up the back of head and tucked under stephane

R: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, crescent in left field, VIIC in exergue

References: Göbl 1648d; Sear 10625.

4.6g, 21.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 266-267AD
3 commentsBiancasDad
salvi.jpg
Unger Sz. 4 Hungarian Slavonia Bela IV and Ban Heinrich von Gussing60 viewsUnger Sz. 4, Rengjeo 108-117
Hungarian Slavonia. Béla IV (1235-1270) and Ban Heinrich von Güssing (1269-1270). AR denar.
Obv. + MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONI.A, Marten running left, star above and below.
Rev. Patriarchal cross, facing crowned heads below, star and crescent above, geese (privy mark) to sides.
oneill6217
Schönert-Geiss_#228_Caracalla_City-gate_Augusta_Traiana.jpg
Augusta Traiana Caracalla Sicinnius Clarus60 viewsCaracalla as co-emperor
Governor Q. Sicinnius Clarus Po[ntianus?] 202AD cf. Stein Reichsbeamte Thracia p.46-7
AE27 13.65g
Ob: [AVT K M AVPHΛIOC | ANTΩNINOC]
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: HΓE CIKINNIOV KΛAPOV A[VΓOVCTH]
Ex: TPAIANHC
City gate with three turrets with battlements

Obverse legend worn away, reverse more detail, dull black patina
Cf. BMC 11 under Trajanopolis; Schönert-Geiss Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis p. 86 # 228 reverse depicted Tafel 10; Mionnet Supp. 2 p.511 #1809 (Trajanopolis)
M & M cites Trell 247, 79 in addition to confirming my attributions above.
The legend is slightly different from the British Museum specimen (=#230). I think this reverse die is more common. Placement of kappa in relation to central tower is an indication of die.

This coin appears to be from Righetti’s collection M & M Auction 15 (21 10 2004) lot 77 Righetti Teil IV!
http://www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=99790

No tags from auction nor Righetti’s own
1 commentsPetrus Elmsley
Sear_1823_Mardin_type_1.jpg
Sear 1823 (with Mardin c/m 1)60 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class B Follis, weight 8.3g, diameter 33 x 27cm., overstruck on a class A2/3 anonymous follis. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 1 countermark (the word Atabeg, a hereditary title of nobility) on the reverse, attributed to the Zengid lords of Mosul.

Abu Galyon
Sear_2022_Hendy_Type_B.jpg
Sear 202260 viewsLatin occupation of Constantinople (1204 – 1261 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.4g , diameter 29mm. This is Hendy’s “Latin Type B”, large module, attributed to the years 1210-1220, overlapping the last years of Henry of Flanders (1205-1216) and the succeeding troubled period following the election of Peter II of Courteney. Abu Galyon
Sellwood_6_1_Arsaces_II_drachm.jpg
Arsaces II60 viewsdrachm, 211 - 191 BC
Sellwood 6.1
1 commentsRobert L3
Septimius_Severus_NikopolisAdIstrum_Athena_AE18_2_75g.jpg
Septimius Severus, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Athena, AE1860 viewsAE18, 2.75g
obv: AV KAICE - CEVNROC, laureate head right
rev: NIKOPOLI - PROC IC, Athena with Spear and shield left
ex Sayles & Lavender
areich
Sestercio_Valeriano_VIRTVS_AVGG_RIC_182.jpg
80-10 - VALERIANO I (253 - 260 D.C.)60 viewsAE Sestercio 24,35 mm 10,5 gr.

Anv: "IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado (?) viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVS AVGG - S C" – Virtus (La virilidad) estante a izquierda, apoyando su mano derecha en un escudo a su lado y portando lanza en izquierda.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión 253 - 254 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol. Va #182 Pag.52 - Göbl #38g - Sear RCV Vol.III #10025 Pag.272 - DVM #115 Pag.242 - Cohen Vol.V #269 Pag.322
mdelvalle
severus_alexunlisted~0.jpg
(0222) Severus Alexander (unlisted)60 views222 - 235 AD
Struck 228 AD
Obv: RIM CAES...
Rad. Dr. Bust R
Rev: PM TR P VII COS II PP / S-C
Pax adv. L holding palm branch and scepter

AE Dupondius 24 mm 8.86 g
Not listed in RIC or BMC
laney
SIGISMUND FRANCIS   HALL.jpg
AUSTRIA - Sigismund Francis60 viewsAUSTRIA - Upper Austria - Sigismund Francis (1662-1665) AR 3 Kreuzer, 1663. Hall mint. Ref.: KM #1209.dpaul7
Silver_Duck_b.jpg
Silver duck60 viewsOrnamental part of a silver fibula3 commentsTibsi
South_Africa2.jpg
South Africa60 viewsKm67.2 - 5 cents - 1965
Km84 - 5 Cents - 1983
Km134 - 5 Cents - 1994
Km68.1 - 10 cents - 1965
Km85 - 10 cents - 1989
Km161 - 10 Cents - 1996 (English Legend)
Km69.1 - 20 Cents - 1965
Km86 - 20 Cents - 1975
Km136 - 20 Cents - 1995
Daniel Friedman
Star of Bethlehem.JPG
Star of Bethlehem60 viewsSize: AE 20mm
Obverse: Zeus
Reverse: Ram w/Star
Date: 12-14 AD
Reference: RPC I 4269
1 commentsJohn K
stobiJD005.jpg
Julia Domna, Stobi60 viewsAVGVST-IVLIA
draped bust right

MVNI-S-TOBE
Victory in long chiton turned right holding wreath in raised right hand and palm branch in left

Ae 23mm; 6.9g
V66, R unlisted
3 commentsarizonarobin
sulaiman_II_mangir.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SULEIMAN II 60 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - SULEIMAN II (1687-1691) Cu Mangir, 1687, Constantinople mint. Reference: KM#87.2.dpaul7
syracuse.jpg
Syracuse Tetradrachm60 viewsTetradrachm c. 430. Slow quadriga with bearded driver to r. Nike flying r. and crowning horses. Rev. SURAKOSIWN head of Arethusa in sakkos, decorated with Maeander design and zig-zag design; wreath on ampyx. Boehringer 642
17,25 g
1 commentspaparoupa
T-3827_1_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FELICIT-AS-AVG-(F6)_V_RIC-T-3827_1_iss-5_off_5_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #160 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FELICIT-AS-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-130var., T-(Estiot)-3827.1, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T41.jpg
Titus RIC 4160 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
VF
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
TC-13.jpg
Vetranio (A.D. 350)60 viewsAE Centenionalis, A.D. 350, Siscia, 25.0mm, 5.27g, 180°, RIC VIII 281; scarce.
Obv: D N VETRANIO P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Vetranio standing, facing left, holding labrum in each hand; star and A in field; ASIS* in ex.
1 commentsJoseph D5
tessera_2.JPG
60 viewsROME
Æ Tessera (12mm, 0.52g)
Crescent and stars series
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis 8.(?)0.48.1; vAuctions 270, lot 367
Ardatirion
TheoIIRIC457.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Theodosius II AE4 402-450 Constantinople (CON)60 viewsObv: ...SPFAV...
Rev: VT XXX V
RIC X 457
Laetvs
ThesS2182.JPG
BYZANTINE, Thessalonica Manuel 1230-123760 viewsObv: St. Theodore
Rev: Emperor and St. Demetrius with Sword Between Them, Manus Dei Above
Sear 2182
Laetvs
Thessstater.jpg
Thessalian League: AR Stater, 196 - 146 bc60 views22 mm 6.69 gm

Obv. Head. of Zeus right, crowned with oak wreath

Rev. Athena Itonia, right.

Theta epsilon Sigma Sigma Alpha Lambda Omega Nu in left and right fields

Theta Rho Alpha Sigma Upsilon Lambda Omicron Sigma above

Monogram far right
Sear G2232v: BMC 7, 9
4 commentsCGPCGP
threec.jpg
Kingdom of Bahmani. Gulbarga Sultanate60 viewsKingdom of Bahmani. Gulbarga Sultanate, Ahmad Shah-II A.H 839 –862 / A.D 1436 – 1458 Copper 1/2 GANI (A.H. 839-862, A.D. 1436-1458). Al mustansir billahil Ghani Abul Muzaffar (He who seeks aid from God, the rich etc.) / Ahmad Shah bin Ahmad Shah al Bahmani
Rajgor 2596, Goron-BH.88
oneill6217
tiberius.jpg
Utica Tiberius60 viewsZEUGITANA, Utica. Tiberius.14-37 AD. Æ 29mm (10.81 gm, 9h). Vibius Marsus Proconsul, Drusus Quaestor, T.G. Rufus Praetor, 27-28 AD. Bare head left; c/m: uncertain within incuse rectangle / C VIB MARSO PR COS DR CAE Q PR T G RVFVS F C, D-D/P-P across fields, veiled figure of Livia seated right, holding sceptre and patera. RPC I 733; MAA 115b; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, slight scrape, green patina.

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex. CNG
1 commentsBolayi
tiberius.jpg
Tiberius 14-37 AD.60 viewsObverse- TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right.
Reverse- PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive-branch and long vertical sceptre; ornate legs to chair.
Lugdunum mint, 18mm, 3.5g.
b70
Titia_Q_Titi_denar_Cr341.jpg
Q. Titius - denarius60 viewsQ. Titius. 90 BC. AR Denarius, 4.04 g; obv. bearded head of Mutinus Titinus right, wearing winged diadem; rev. Pegasus springing right on linear frame tablet inscribed Q • TITI. Crawford 341/1; Syd. 691.2 commentsBartosz A
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2260 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.
VF
Acquired from York Coins, January 2005.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
TitusV518a.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC V51860 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V518 (R2), BMC - .RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: SALVS AVG; Salus std. l., with patera
aVF
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The coin was minted in 73 AD when Titus shared the censorship with Vespasian, as evidenced by the CENS in the obverse legend. The reverse features Salus, which might be an allusion to the emperor Vespasian's health. The reverse type is rare for Titus and extremely rare with the obverse legend ending in CENS. Unlisted in the major catalogs until the new Flavian RIC II was published, it sites 2 examples - one in Vienna, the other part of the Walter Holt collection.

A decent coin in good metal featuring an excellent early portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus_As_Fides_Publica.jpg
Titus As Fides Publica60 viewsObv.
T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP IIII PON TR POT III COS II
Laureate head right

Rev.
FIDES PVBLICA
SC
Clasped hands holding caduecus and two wheat stalks
1 commentsancientdave
titus_l_captives_and_trophy.jpg
Titus RIC-10360 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 103(R2), BMC p. 230 note, RSC 307
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Captives, two, back to back, seated either side of trophy (woman on l., man on r.)
VF
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Issued in 80 AD, this denarius most likely commemorates a victory by Agricola in northern Britain. Interestingly enough, this coin is an English metal detectorist find.

I didn't expect to come across this type for some time...but it was offered to me and I couldn't say no! The lovely portrait is a nice bonus.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus_RIC_115.jpg
Titus, denarius.60 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 115, RSC 303.
Rome Mint, A.D. 80.
3.3 gr.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Elephant walking left.

The elephant on this issue represents one of the numerous species displayed in the newly constructed Flavian Amphitheater, or Colosseum. During the opening ceremonies a great number of animals, including elephants, were both exhibited and slaughtered.
4 commentsMarsman
tmouse.jpg
Countermarked Troas! :)60 viewsTroas -- AE18. 2nd-1st Century BC. Facing bust of Apollos 3/4 to left, countermarks of mouse and bust of Apollo/Lyre, countermark of horse's head. cf. SNG Cop. 88 (no mouse, head 3/4 to r.). ex: Mabbott Collection Hans Schulman sale, 6/691 commentsfeatherz
TrajanAegisHeroicBustDenarius[1].jpg
Trajan denarius60 viewsObverse with aegis and heroic bust1 commentsmarandnumiz
TrajanMars2.jpg
Trajan Denarius60 views112-114 AD. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate draped bust right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy2 commentsancientone
Trajan_RIC_203.jpg
RIC 20360 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Laur. r., aegis.
Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Virtus standing r., holding spear and parazonium; l. foot on helmet.
19 mm, 3.42 g

ex Triton XIII
6 commentsklausklage
Treb4.jpg
MARTEM PROGNATOREM60 viewsTrebonianus Gallus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
Rev.: ...PROGNATOREM (instead of ...PROPVGNATOREM)
cca. 5-6 examples known only
extremely rare
1 commentstibsi67
tt.jpg
bronze suessions au cheval et au annelet60 views1 commentsicos
tyre_minimae_BCC_m56-60.jpg
BCC m56-6060 viewsCaesarea Minimae BCC m56-m60
Five minute coins from Caesarea Maritima
Mint: Caesarea or Tyre?
Obv:Head of Tyche or male bust right, often crudely rendered.
Rev: Palm tree,with fruits, traces of inscription
AE10.0 - 12.5mm. 0.60 - 0.93g. Axis:0 or 90
Similar to Hamburger #6 through #26
Hamburger assigns this type to the mint at Tyre, in imitation of
the well-known autonomous coins of that city from the late 1st
and early 2nd cent. CE. However, other experts suggest Caesarea was
the mint, since they seem to be most commonly found there.
v-drome
unlisted constantinus com.JPG
Constantine I Unlisted Officina60 viewsAE 16 mm 2.6 grams
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosette-diadem, draped, cuirassed bust right
REV :: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS. 2 soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, 2 standards between them
EX :: SMANTA ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 85
RIC rated the Beta and Gamma officina's are rated R4 and R5 respectively . this is an unlisted officina rated R5. Coin has been reviewed and confirmed as A officina by Dane from the Helvetica's RIC database, and is not in RIC, Wildwinds, coinarchives or coincatalog

from uncleaned lot 110/2007
Johnny
Unpublished_gold_fanam,_imitation_of_the_Mughal_Emperor_Alamgir_II_(1754-1759),_18th_century_AD,_Southern_India.jpg
Unpublished gold fanam, imitation of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II (1754-1759), 18th century AD, Southern India60 viewsUnpublished gold fanam, imitation of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II (1754-1759), 18th century AD, Southern India
Imitative Persian inscription (corrupt "Alamgir" retrograde?) / Curcular bump. Struck at an uncertain location. 5mm, 0.35 grams. Herrli -; KM -.
Made out of relatively debased gold. Very unusual type, only recently disovered. Very thick (that is why the reverse looks fuzzy - it is hard to scan rounded 3D objects on the scanner) and much nicer than the scan.
Antonio Protti
Urbs Roma - SMHe - 3 dots.jpg
SMHε - 3 Dots60 viewsAE3 Follis, 3.10 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 330-333 AD

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 3 vertical dots between 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε

Heraclea mint

RIC VII 129
1 commentsdrjbca
VA15279.jpg
30-01 - AELIO (136 - 138 D.C.)60 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "L AELIVS CAESAR" - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TR POT COS II" - Pietas (La Piedad) estante a der. ante un altar, levantando su mano der. y sosteniendo su vestido con izq. "PIETAS" en los campos.

Acuñada 137 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #438 Pag.393 - RSC Vol.II #36 Pag. 163 - BMCRE Vol.II #989 - Cohen Vol.II #36 Pag.261 - DVM #4/2 var. Pag.133 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3971 Pag.199 - St. Vol.I #389 - Hill UCR #840
2 commentsmdelvalle
Vespasian,_RIC_850.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 085060 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (2.91g. 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. REV: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 223.

A worn reverse, but I got this coin for the left facing head on the obverse, with the left facing coins being more scarce that the typical right facing coins.
2 commentsLucas H
vespasian.jpg
Vespasian AE Sestertius60 viewsOBV: IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III
Laureate head right
REV: PAX AVGVSTI
Pax standing, holding branch and cornucopiae; S C to either side.
Date: 71 A.D. Rome Mint
26.5g. 33mm
RIC II 437
1 commentsmiffy
Vespasian_RIC_1060.jpg
Vespasian - [RIC 1060, RSC 556]60 viewsSilver Denarius, 3.18g, 18.5mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 79 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - TR POT X COS VIIII, Capricorn facing left, globe below
___________

Purchased from eBay

Sold 25Apr2015 to Lucas Harsh Collection
3 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian_RIC_970.JPG
Vespasian(us)60 viewsVespasian, denarius.
RIC 970, RSC 54a.
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD.
Obv. CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, head of Vespasian, laureate, left.
Rev. CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing left holding corn-ears and long torch or sceptre.

The reverse shows Ceres, the goddess of agriculture. The Romans weren't concerned with making Ceres look glamorous. Their interest was in the goods, and she is holding (out of proportion) corn-ears and also a poppy seed head.

My first 'bust left' type from this emperor. This variant is not as common as the 'bust right' type.
Marsman
vesp_cnmk_on_antony.jpg
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius60 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
Vitellius.jpg
Vitellius60 viewsVitellius, AR denarius, 3,29 g. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right / XV VIR SACR FAC Tripod, raven below, dolphin above. RSC 111, BMC 39.
Ex UBS Ancient Coins Auction 59
3 commentsIlya_VK
Volusian_AR-Antoninianus_IMP-C-C-VIB-VOLVSIANVS-AVG_FELICITAS-PVBL_RIC-IV-III-205-p__C-32_Rome_AD_Q-001_axis-0h_21-22mm_3,78g-s.jpg
084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 205, Rome, FELICITAS-PVBL, Felicitas standing left, #160 views084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 205, Milan, FELICITAS-PVBL, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-C-VIB-VOLVSIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed, right.
revers:- FELICITAS-PVBL, Felicitas standing left, caduceus and cornucopia.
exe: , diameter: 21-22 mm, weight: 3,78 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Milan, date:251-253 A.D., ref:RIC-IV-III-205, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Vrbs_Roma_Alessandria_Ric_VII,63.jpg
Vrbs Roma - Alexandria60 viewsSMALB
Ric VII Alexandria 63 r1
d=17 mm - p=2,45g
antvwala
w4~0.JPG
Constantinople CONSS60 viewsConstantine had altogether more ambitious plans. Having restored the unity of the empire, now overseeing the progress of major governmental reforms and sponsoring the consolidation of the Christian church, Constantine was well aware that Rome had become an unsatisfactory capital for several reasons. Located in central Italy, Rome lay too far from the eastern imperial frontiers, and hence also from the legions and the Imperial courts. Moreover, Rome offered an undesirable playground for disaffected politicians; it also suffered regularly from flooding and from malaria.

It seemed impossible to many that the capital could be moved. Nevertheless, Constantine identified the site of Byzantium as the correct place: a city where an emperor could sit, readily defended, with easy access to the Danube or the Euphrates frontiers, his court supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of Roman Asia, his treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the empire.

Constantine laid out the expanded city, dividing it into 14 regions, and ornamenting it with great public works worthy of a great imperial city. Yet initially Constantinople did not have all the dignities of Rome, possessing a proconsul, rather than a prefect of the city. Furthermore, it had no praetors, tribunes or quaestors. Although Constantinople did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. Constantinople also lacked the panoply of other administrative offices regulating the food supply, police, statues, temples, sewers, aqueducts or other public works. The new program of building was carried out in great haste: columns, marbles, doors and tiles were taken wholesale from the temples of the empire and moved to the new city. Similarly, many of the greatest works of Greek and Roman art were soon to be seen in its squares and streets. The emperor stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates in Asiana and Pontica, and on 18 May 332 he announced that, as in Rome, free distributions of food would be made to citizens. At the time the amount is said to have been 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

Constantinople was a Greek Orthodox Christian city, lying in the most Christianised part of the Empire. Justinian ordered the pagan temples of Byzantium to be deconstructed, and erected the splendid Church of the Holy Wisdom, Sancta Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia in Greek), as the centrepiece of his Christian capital. He oversaw also the building of the Church of the Holy Apostles, and that of Hagia Irene.

Constantine laid out anew the square at the middle of old Byzantium, naming it the Augusteum. Sancta Sophia lay on the north side of the Augusteum. The new senate-house (or Curia) was housed in a basilica on the east side. On the south side of the great square was erected the Great Palace of the emperor with its imposing entrance, the Chalke, and its ceremonial suite known as the Palace of Daphne. Located immediately nearby was the vast Hippodrome for chariot-races, seating over 80,000 spectators, and the Baths of Zeuxippus (both originally built in the time of Septimius Severus). At the entrance at the western end of the Augusteum was the Milion, a vaulted monument from which distances were measured across the Eastern Empire.

From the Augusteum a great street, the Mese, led, lined with colonnades. As it descended the First Hill of the city and climbed the Second Hill, it passed on the left the Praetorium or law-court. Then it passed through the oval Forum of Constantine where there was a second senate-house, then on and through the Forum of Taurus and then the Forum of Bous, and finally up the Sixth Hill and through to the Golden Gate on the Propontis. The Mese would be seven Roman miles long to the Golden Gate of the Walls of Theodosius.

Constantine erected a high column in the middle of the Forum, on the Second Hill, with a statue of himself at the top, crowned with a halo of seven rays and looking towards the rising sun.

RIC VII Constantinople 61 C1
ecoli
x~0.jpg
Sicilian Norman60 viewsSicilian Norman coin of around 1105-1154 AD- 13 mm
Obverse: a lions scalp
Reverse: palm tree
1 commentsTanit
Z7772LG.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-145760 viewsAR Denarius
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
RIC 1457 (C), BMC 475, RSC 277, RPC 853 (10 spec.)
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., star
aVF
Acquired from Beast Coins, March 2011.

The obverse is a die match to the RIC plate coins 1457 and 1458. Notice that the COS V appears to have been re-engraved over an earlier date(?).

Wonderful Ephesus style portrait on the obverse.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Æ_32_15_80g_city-gate_augusta_traiana_LVerus.jpg
Augusta Traiana Lucius Verus Tullius Maximus60 viewsAUGUSTA TRAIANA

AE 32 15.80g

Lucius Verus

Q. Tullius Maximus (161-169 AD)

Obv: AV KAI Λ AVPH | ΛIOC OVHPOC
Laureate head right

Rev: HΓE TOVΛ MAΞIMOV AVΓOVCTHC
Ex: TPAIANHC
City-gate with three turrets with battlements

rough patina; decent detail on rx

Schönert-Geiss "Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis" #80 p. 65 depicted Tafel 5; Varbanov (E) II 919 p. 83 ( Lanz specimen depicted); BMC -; Mionnet -
Petrus Elmsley
00035x00.jpg
59 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS. Civil War. Wooster, Ohio. J.R. Bowman.
CU Token (19mm, 3.57 g, 2 h)
Dated 1863
Head of Liberty left, wearing feathered headdress inscribed LIBERTY, within circle of thirteen stars, 1863 below
J. R. BOWMAN/ DEALER/ IN/ WATCHES/ CLOCKS/ &/ JEWELRY/ WEST LIBERTY ST./ WOOSTER, O., clock hands in background
Rulau CWT 975B-3a
1 commentsArdatirion
0010-070np_noir.jpg
L. Scribonius Libo, Denarius59 viewsRome mint, 62 BC
BON EVENT LIBO, head of Bonus Eventus right
PVTEAL SCRIBON, the puteal scribonianum, ornamented with garland between two lyres and hammer
3.95 gr
Ref : RCV # 367, RSC, Scribonia # 8a
Potator II
001~2.JPG
Philadelphia, Lydia59 views159-133 B.C.
Bronze Æ16
4.84 gm, 16 mm
Obv.: Macedonian shield
Rev.: ΦIΛAΔEΛ/ΦEΩN above and below thunderbolt, monogram above, all within olive wreath
BMC Lydia, p.187, 1, 2; Sear 4723; cf SNG Von Aulock 3060.

Another view
2 commentsJaimelai
0064.jpg
0064 - Denarius Septimius Severus 193 AC59 viewsObv/IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate headof Septimius r.
Rev/LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing front draped, head to r., holding abacus and cornucopiae.

Ag, 19.6mm, 2.82g
Mint: Emesa (?)
RIC -- - BMCRE -- (p.89)
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 161
1 commentsdafnis
0090-Louis_XVI_12D.jpg
Constitution - 12 deniers 1791 A59 viewsAtelier de Paris (A)
LOUIS XVI ROI DES FRANCOIS, buste drapé a gauche, A sous le buste
LA NATION LA LOI LE ROI rose 1791 . 3 . DELALIB . faisceau surmonté d'un bonnet phrygien entre deux branches de chêne
11.82 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2253
We now have a King being on the same level as his subjects and the Law. He his king of the french instead of being king of France
03-140
1 commentsPotator II
01054AB.jpg
THRACE, LYSIMACHOS, Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC59 viewsAR Drachm, 17mm, 4.16 g, 12h
In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon; Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint.

O. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
R. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion head left above E; monogram below throne

Thompson 93 corr. (lion head, not forepart); Price 1993; Müller 332
robertpe
0190-410np_noir.jpg
Caracalla, Tetradrachm59 viewsTetratrachm struck in Antioch, c.209-212 AD
AVT KAI ANTWNEIN C CEB, Laureate bust of Caracalla right
DHMARX.....PATO.TO.TOG, Eagle facing with wreath in beak
13.65 gr
Ref : Sear #2649 var, Prieur # 214A_001 (unique to date with this reverse legend lacking C : "should" be TOC.TOG. Thanks to Michel Prieur for the additionnal informations)
2 commentsPotator II
01g~0.jpg
OTHO59 viewsAR denarius. 69 A.D (3.42 gm). Bare head right with wig. IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre.SECVRITAS P R. RIC I 10; BMCRE 19; BN 7; RSC 15.
Triton VII. Lot 881.
CNG photograph.
2 commentsbenito
022~0.JPG
Didius Julianus AR Denarius59 viewsRIC IVa 3, RSC 15, BMC 7
2.81 g, 17 mm x 18 mm
IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed right
RECTOR ORBIS, Didius standing left, holding globe & roll
R3
2 commentsMark Z2
026A.jpg
Caracalla Orichalcum Sestertius59 viewsRIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same)., C198, BMCRE V 235
24.18 g, 30 mm
M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, head, laureate, r.
P M TR P XV COS III P P, S-C across fields, Mars standing l., holding Victory in r. hand and resting l. hand on shield, spear against l. arm; at feet, l., captive seated
RIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same). (RIC lists only COS IIII for this reverse and obverse.)
Scarce
EX: FORVM
2 commentsMark Z2
0300-201.jpg
Gordian III, Antoninianus - 004059 viewsIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right
AEQUITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
4,78 gr
Potator II
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(139-161_A_D__as_Caesar,_161-180_A_D__as_Augustus),_AE-Sestertius,_RIC_III_959,_Rome,_TR_POT_XXII_IMP_V_COS_III,Q-001-g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0959, Rome, AE-Sestertius, TR POT XXII IMP V COS III, Victory advancing left,59 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0959, Rome, AE-Sestertius, TR POT XXII IMP V COS III, Victory advancing left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-ARM-PARTH-MAX, Laureate head, right.
revers:- TR-POT-XXII-IMP-V-COS III, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm, S-C across fields,
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29,5-31mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:168 A.D., ref: RIC-III-959, p-290, Cohen 819,
Q-001
quadrans
0410-2-3LG.jpg
China, Qing Dynasty, Emperor Wen Zong, 1851-186159 viewsChina, Qing Dynasty, Emperor Wen Zong, 1851-1861, AE 10 Cash (33mm • 14.51gm), Zhili (Chihli) Province.

O: Xian Feng Tong Bao. R: "Value 10, Bao Zhi". F-VF.
1 commentsecoli
041b_Commodus_(166-180_A_D__as_Caesar,_180-192_A_D__as_Augustus),_AR-denarius,_RIC_III_,_Rome,_TR_P_VII_IMP_IIII_COS_III_P_P,-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,59 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-VII-IMP-IIII-COS-III-P-P, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181-82 A.D., ref: RIC-III-025, p-369, C-821,824,
Q-001
quadrans
0442-210np_noir.jpg
Valerian II, Antoninianus - 008559 viewsCologne mint, AD 258
DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right
CONSACRATIO (sic), Valerian II raising hand and holding sceptre on an eagle flying right
1.70 gr
Ref : Cohen # 5, RCV # 10606

Peu courant, belle patine
2 commentsPotator II
048A.jpg
Gallienus Antoninianus59 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue.
MIR records only 2 examples of this variety
Rare
Ex: Malloy Antiquities, FORVM
3 commentsMark Z
0490-330np_noir.jpg
Aurelian, Middle bronze59 viewsMinted in Rome AD 274
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, seen from front
CONCORDIA AVG, Aurelian and Severina facing each other and shaking hands, Sol between them
7,85 gr
12/10/13 - 0080
Potator II
0510-310.jpg
Florianus, Antoninianus59 viewsLyon mint, 3rd emission, 1st officina
IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right seen from front (A)
TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing raight, holding caduceus in right hand and cornucopia in left hand. I at exergue (1st officina)
4.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 11874v., Bastien # 146 pl. XVI, RIC # 12, C # 89, La Venèra hoard # II.2/2632
5 commentsPotator II
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_),_AE-26,_Stobi,_Josifovski_336,_Varbanov_3994,_Nike_left,_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994, AE-26, Nike standing left,59 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994, AE-26, Nike standing left,
avers:- , IMP-M-AYR-ANTONINY, Laureate head of the younger Caracalla right, cuirassed.
revers:- MVNIC-STOBE, Nike, standing left, holding palm and wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Macedonia, Stobi, date: A.D., ref: Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994,
Q-001
quadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-17_Nikopolis_AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC__NIKO_OLIT_N-PROC-ICTRON_HHJ-_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.26.08.06, AE-17, Bunch of grapes,59 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.26.08.06, AE-17, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-08.26.08.06 p-393
Q-001
quadrans
0570-310np_noir.jpg
Maximianus, Follis59 viewsAquilea mint, 1st officina, AD 301
IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head of Maximianus right
SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding cornucopia and scales. AQP at exergue, V in right field
10.35 gr
Ref :RCV # 13300 (100), Cohen #504, RIC VI # 29b
Potator II
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-009_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #259 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
Q-002
quadrans
072-Gordian-III_AE-19_Prov_MANT-GORDIANOC____ATIANON_AD_Q-001_1h_18-19,5mm_4,39g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,59 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,
avers:- M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-N, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- KAΛΛ-ATIA_NΩΝ (ΝΩ ligate), Cybele holding sceptre, riding on back of lion walking right.
exe: -/-//NΩΝ, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 4,39g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Kallatis, date: 238-244 A.D., ref: Varbanov 358 (but smaller), Pick 347,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
072537.jpg
ancient roman bronze horsetail vessel attachment59 viewsancient roman bronze horsetail vessel attachment, c. 1st century AD.

this piece would probably be attached to a vessel or jug with an equestrian scene on it. it is very detailed and flat on the back, with some very thin patches where some of the bronze is missing. an interesting piece!
ancientcoins
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),__AR-Ant_IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_RIC-4_RSC-302_Rome_238-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_3,55g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #159 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-001_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 127, Rome, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #159 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 127, Rome, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #1
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:21,5-23,5mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
077C.jpg
Severus II as Caesar Follis59 viewsRIC VI 660 Trier
26 mm x 28 mm, 10.51 gm
F L VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES, laureate & cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI S-F, Genius standing left, tower on head & holding patera & cornucopiae,
PTR in ex.
Same dies as Roma Numis. Auction III (03-31-12), Lot 544
(Thanks to Dane/Helvetica for a correction in the description!)
Scarce
1 commentsMark Z
10.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9659 viewsAR denarius, 19 mm (3.21 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, eagle standing facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. Ephesus (?) mint, struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1492 (R); BMCRE II, 487; RSC II, 045c var. (no annulet noted); RPC II, 1466.
3 commentssocalcoins
100_3217.JPG
Alexander Jannaeus59 viewsAlexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) (103 - 76 BC)
AE Lepton
Hendin 471

Obverse: Anchor within circle. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY
Reverse: Wheel with eight ray-like spokes. מלכא אלכסנדרוס שנת כה
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
103.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Æ Pougeoise59 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Æ Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 1 commentsVladislavs D
105.jpg
Trajan Denarius - Sol (RIC II 326)59 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117 AD
3.32g

Obv: Laureate and draped bust of Trajan (R).

Rev: Radiate and draped head of SOL (R)

PARTHICO P M TRP COS VI PP SPQR

RIC II 326 RSC 188
4 commentsKained but Able
109- Aeliea Flaccilla.JPG
Aelia Flaccilla59 viewsAE4, 378-383 AD, Constantinople mint.
Obv-AEL FLACCILLA AVG, Diademmed , draped bust right.
Rev: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated inscribing shield with Chi-Rho.
CONE in exergue
13mm.
RIC 61 , C
3 commentsjdholds
111509084s.jpg
Septimius Severus (193 - 211 A.D)59 viewsAR Denarius
O: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, Laureate head right.
R:RESTITVTOR VRBIS (Restoration of the City), Severus in military attire, spear in left, sacrificing over a tripod altar with right.
Rome mint, 201 A.D.
3.3g
18mm
RIC 167a, RSC 599, BMCRE 202
2 commentsMat
11347q00.jpg
661. Julia Domna denarius59 viewsRome Mint, 210 Ad
20 mm, VF
IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, floormat on head
VENVS VICTRIX, half naked Venus, holding helmet and palm, leaning on column, shield at feet
Zam
1156887333_e6579cdaf2.jpg
Carradice Type III AR Siglos - Artaxerxes I - Darius III59 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 420-375 B.C.
AR Siglos (16mm, 5.56 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding spear in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IIIb; S 4682. Struck on a good metal. Very large die. Choice pleasing VF.

Provenance: Ephesus Coins
Caffaro
118.jpg
Trajan Denarius - Trajan and Nerva (RIC 28)59 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 98-99 AD
3.16g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)
IMP NERVA CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM P M

Rev: Trajan, togate, standing (L), receiving globe from Nerva (R)
R P COS II P P, PROVID below.

Rare
No examples in Reka Devnia Hoard

RIC 28 RSC 319a


After the revolt of the Praetorians in October 97 AD, Nerva was in need of a popular, youthful and vigourous heir. Stationed on the German frontier, Trajan soon received a handwritten note from Nerva, informing him of his adoption. Trajan was highly respected within the army and his adoption was the best possible remedy against the resentment much of the army felt against Nerva. But Trajan didn't come speeding back to Rome in order to help restore Nerva's authority. Rather than going to Rome he summoned the leaders of the earlier mutiny by the praetorians to Upper Germany. Instead of receiving a promised promotion, they were executed on arrival. Such ruthless actions made it quite clear that with Trajan as part of it, Rome's government was not to be messed with.

Nerva died on 28 January AD 98. His successor's eventual entry at Rome in AD 99 was a triumph. Jubilant crowds rejoiced at his arrival. The new emperor entered the city on foot, he embraced each of the senators and even walked among the ordinary people. This was unlike any other Roman emperor and perhaps grants us a glimpse of Trajan's true greatness.

5 commentsKained but Able
122.jpg
HPA (monogram of)59 viewsMACEDON. Philippi. Tiberius. Æ 17. A.D. 14-37. Obv: TI▪(AVG). Bare head right. Rev: Two colonists (or priests) ploughing right with two oxen; countermark. Ref: BMC 89-91 (Mysia: Parium); RPC 1657; Axis: 330°. Weight: 4.09 g. CM: Monogram of HPA, in rectangular punch, 7 x 3 mm. Howgego -. Note: The countermark may possibly refer to a city by the name Heracleia, of which there was one in Bithynia, Caria and Macedon. Collection Automan.Automan
15- Antoninus Pius Sest.JPG
Antoninus Pius Sest59 viewsAE Sestertius , 143-144 AD
Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COSIII, Laureate head right.
Rev: IMPERATOR II / SC, Victory walking left with trophy.
32mm , 20.6 grams
RIC 717, Van Meter 73/1
jdholds
161.jpg
Nike and Prize crown (x 3)59 viewsCILICIA. Hieropolis-Castabala. Caracalla. Æ 31. Struck circa A.D. 200. Obv: AVTKAIMAPAVPH-ANTWNEINOC. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks, (1) before and (2) behind bust. Rev: IEPOΠOΛEITW-NKACTABAΛEWN. Tyche standing l., holding rudder and cornucopia; 2 countermarks, (3) before face of Tyche, (4) behind Tyche. Ref: BMC 13; Sear GIC 2627. Weight: 14.50 g. CM(1): Nike advancing left, holding wreath, in oval punch, 6 x 7 mm. Howgego 260 (23 pcs). The c/m may refer to Macrinus' "Victoria Parthica", there also being coins issued by Macrinus with his reverse type. CM(2): Prize crown between I and E or between torches (?), in circular punch, 5 mm. CM(3): Howgego 427 (or 427 var.). May have been applied at time of Macrinus, when smaller coins with prize-crown reverses were issued. CM(4): Prize crown between torches, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 427. Note: The 10 pieces noted by Howgego all have the countermark on the obv. Possibly same as CM (3)? Collection Automan.Automan
1630.jpg
Poland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630.59 viewsPoland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630. Crowned arms and titles / Orb with value in center divides date (16)3-0.

KM 11
oneill6217
18211840.jpg
German states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A.59 viewsGerman states. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797 - 1840. .2220 Silver groschen 1821 A & 1840 A. FRIEDR. WILH. III KOENIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / 30 EINEN THALER, 1 SILBER GROSCHEN, SCHEIDE MUNZE.

KM 410
oneill6217
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius59 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
1932dl.jpg
France. Aluminum-bronze 50-Centimes 1932.59 viewsFrance. Aluminum-bronze 50-Centimes 1932. REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, laureate head left / LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE, value and date between cornucopiae.

KM 894.1
oneill6217
19718p00.jpg
Tarsos, Cilicia59 viewsBronze AE 20, SNG Levante 966, VF, 6.218g, 20.9mm, 0o, obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; reverse TARSEWN, Sandan standing right on winged and horned lion-like animal, carries bow and sword, right raised, monogram left

purchased 09/2007 forvm e-bay auctions
Johnny
227.jpg
Laureate bust right59 viewsSYRIA or SAMARIA (?). Uncertain mint. Titus or Domitian (?). Æ 23. 70s-80s A.D. Obv: Inscription illegible. Faint outline of imperial bust right; countermark on head. Rev: Worn smooth. Weight: 10.78 g. CM: Laureate bust right, in rectangular punch, 4.5 x 6 mm. Howgego 133 ? (17 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
29-Julia Domna Stobi-2.JPG
Julia Domna, Macedonia Stobi #259 viewsAE 23, 196-211 AD
Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bare draped bust right.
Rev: Victory left with wreath and palm.
23mm, 8.1gm
Moushmov 6548.
2 commentsjdholds
30- Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum.JPG
Diadumenian , Nikopolis ad Istrum-159 viewsAE25 217-218 AD
Obv: KMOPEL ANTONIN DIADOVMENIANOC, Bare , draped bust right.
Rev:VP AGPIPPA NIKOPOLITON PPO / C IC TPON, Two captives seated , trophy between them, Nike to left inscribing trophy emperor to the right.
25mm, 10.2gm.
Moushmov 1355.
3 commentsjdholds
31221.jpg
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III59 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
3529_1.jpg
zoo59 viewsNervousRex
4-8-11.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius59 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANIC, laur. head right
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Minerva 3
FORVM AUCTIONS
51306_4.jpg
Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.59 viewsBronze AE 3, S 4102, VF, Siscia, 2.248g, 17.3mm, 0o, obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, symbols in fields, mintmark in ex;b70
5612.jpg
351-353 AD., Decentius, Arelate mint, Æ2, RIC 168.59 viewsDecentius, Arelate mint (Arles), officina 2, 351-353 AD.,
Æ2 (22-24 mm / 4,60 g),
Obv.: D N DECENTI - VS CAESAR , bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Decentius right, A behind bust .
Rev.: VICTORIAE D D N N AV[G ET CAE]S / F S AR , two Victories standing facing each other, together holding wreath containing VOT / V / MVL / X .
RIC VIII, 216, 168 .

my ancient coin database
3 commentsArminius
58977_501822606521322_1536211435_n.jpg
Constans59 viewsConstans AE Centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot BSIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 254, rated C2 (lol). 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
5_fen_argile.jpg
5 Fen ban liang clay mould59 views5 Fen or 2 Zhu 4 Lei ban liang where casted during reign of Lu Zhi Hou (188-180 BC)

casting time: around 182 BC
leseullunique
5__Bronze_Ptolémée_IV.jpg
Grand bronze Ptolémée IV59 views- Grand bronze, Ptolémée IV, Alexandrie, 244-203 avant J.-C (Bronze)
Avers : Tête laurée de Zeus à droite.
Revers : Aigle debout à droite sur un foudre, les ailes déployées.
Roger D2
610505l.jpg
Hadrian - Britannia59 viewsHadrian As
c. 119-121

OBV: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
REV: PONT MAX TR POT COS III S C BRITANNIA
Britannia seated facing foot on rock resting head on right hand and holding sceptre, to right, large shield.

RIC 577(b), R2 rarity

EX Robert O Ebert Collection, EX Hausman Collection, EX Stack's, Coin Galleries, 2/21/1990, lot 335.
marcvs_traianvs
96.jpg
Nerva Denarius - Priestly Implements (RIC 24)59 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 97 AD
3.75g

Obv: Laureate bust of Nerva (R)
IMP NERVA CAES AUG PM TRPOT

Rev: PRIESTLY IMPLEMENTS, Ladle, Sprinkler, Jug and Lituus;
COS III PATER PATRIAE

RIC II 24 RSC 48
5 commentsKained but Able
ABS_copy.jpg
AEOLIS, Boione59 viewsBoione, Aeolis. AE 11, 1.425g, ca 300 BC. Head of female left, wearing earring and necklace / BOIWNIT above bull standing right, IKWN (retrograde) below. Sear 4173; BMC 1-4.Molinari
adaios.jpg
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod59 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Æ 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
AE-hanging-amulet_Br-age_Q-001_80x27x21mm_91,85g-s.jpg
AE-Antic-Object, Celtic (?) hanging amulet #0159 viewsAE-Antic-Object, Celtic (?) hanging amulet #01
The object made of bronze, with 10 knob in 4 row and a ring-shape form in the end part to be hung, and a conic shape form on the other side with 4 small knob.
size: 80x27x21mm,
weight: 91,85g,
date: Br-age c.800-600 B.C. (?)
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
akko_ptolemais_philippI_Kadman203.jpg
Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais, Philip I, Kadman 20359 viewsPhilip I, AD 244-249
AE 29, 17.22g
obv. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS PF AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. .CO - L - PT - OL. (?)
Hexastyle temple with base and trigonal roof; in the middle intercolumnare
under a round arch cult-statue of Tyche stg. l., wearing kalathos, with
cornucopiae in l. arm and rudder in r. hand; r. aside a narrow column with a
Nike crowning Tyche with a wreath; below the base the river-god Belos
leaning l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and reed in outstretched r. hand.
Ref.: Kadman 203
very rare, about VF, dark brown patina with earthen highlights

A very rare issue for Philip I from Akko-Ptolemais which is not be found in most of the great collections. Well centered and detailed, especially looking at the specimen depicted in Kadman.
Belos, today Naaman river.
1 commentsJochen
alex46~0.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great AR Tetradrachm59 viewsAmphipolis mint (315-294 BC).
Price 481
1 commentsMinos
ALexander.jpg
alexander the great, AE1959 views19mm, 6.93g1 commentsareich
alexandria_sev_alex_Emmet3146.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Severus Alexander, Emmet 314659 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE - tetradrachm, 11.93g, 23x24mm
struck 234/35 (year 14)
obv. A KAI MAR AVR CEV - ALEZANDROC
Bust, draped and laureate, r.
rev. Zeus, in himation, nude to hips, std. l. on throne, holding patera in outstretched r.
hand and sceptre in raised l. hand; l. on ground eagle stg. r., head turned back;
behind throne vertical palm-branch
in upper left field L ID (year 14)
Emmet 3146; Dattari 4396; Geissen 2496; Curtis 1113; Demetrio 2530; Mionnet 2731
VF, slight roughness, minimal deposition in ex.

Emmet has written: The palm-branch is a symbol of the decennalia of the emperor. You find it on coins of year 10 and higher. It occurs too on coins of Gallienus.
Jochen
ALFONSO_V_REAL.jpg
PORTUGAL - Alfonso V59 viewsPORTUGAL - Alfonso V (1438-1481) Copper 1/2-Real Preto. Lisbon mint. Reference: VAZ-a5.12(x).
dpaul7
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg59 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine


Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
AndyMikeS2396.JPG
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II and Michael IX 1295-1320 Constantinople59 viewsHyperpyron
Obv: Virgin Orans within City, Four Towers
Rev: Christ Crowning Emperors
Weight: 3.4 grams
Sear 2396
Laetvs
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD.JPG
Anonymous commemorative, 340 AD59 viewsAnonymous
AE 4 13mm
Constantinople, 330 AD
POP ROMANVS
laureate and draped bust left, cornucopia on shoulder
CONS B
bridge over river
RIC VIII 21
Ex CNG
2 commentsArdatirion
Antioch_Mint_Elagabalus_Bronze_Coin_2.jpg
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin59 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint, Bronze 20 mm 3.9 gram coin
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250

Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius Sestertius Pax.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, Sestertius59 viewsSestertius
28,09 gm
struck 140-144 AD. RIC III 616; BMCRE 1265; Cohen 589
Ex M. Weller collection
Ex. CNG 67
1 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
AntoninusPiusFDCdenarius.jpg
Antoninus Pius denarius59 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus_Pius_Temple_of_Perga.JPG
Antoninus Pius Temple of Perga59 viewsANTONINUS PIUS, 138 - 161 AD, AE32, Perga, Pamphylia, 24.4g,
OBV: KAI ADRIA ANTWNEINOS, Laureate head right.
REV: ARTEMODOS PERGAIAS, Distyle temple, with fluted Ionic columns, with eagle in pediment,
containing simulacrum of Pergean Artemis; on either side of which, sphinx on pedestal.
Not in BMC, nor von Aulock.
SNG FRANCE 3, 0406(1) / COLL PARIS 317A(1)

Extremely Rare
5 commentsRomanorvm
AntoSeRIC644.jpg
8. Janus, first king of Italy, and inventor of civilisation59 viewsSestertius minted AD 140, Rome. 24.70g, Ø 32mm, 12h. RIC 644, Cohen 881, Foss 55
Obv.: ANTONINVS - AVG PIVS PP, laurate head right.
Rev.: TR POT COS III round edge SC in field, Janus standing facing, holding sceptre.
ex CNG eAuction 233 lot 335 (June 2010); ex the John Bitner Collection of Secular Games Coinage; ex Astarte XV (27 November 2004), lot 234.

Sestertius issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome, celebrated on 21 April 147.
Janus was believed to be first king of Italy, serving as both leader and teacher to all within his lands. In honor of his deeds, he was elevated to the status of a deity by the Romans, with Romulus himself, one of the mythical founders of Rome, building and dedicating the Temple of Janus.
2 commentsCharles S
AP_Gorgoneian_7a.jpg
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica - AR Drachm, 450-400 BC. * Specimen 159 views
Gorgoneion | Anchor - Apollonia Pontica, Thrace: Specimen 1.

Obv: Gorgoneion facing.
Rev: Inverted anchor with crayfish in left field, monogram A in right field.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Apollonia Pontica
Struck: 450-400 BC.

Size: 16.425 mm.
Weight: 2.79 grams
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Worn and as shown in photographs, but still an impressive Gorgoneion.

Refs:*
Sear, 1655(v)
Tiathena
Aspron Trachy Vellón Manuel I SB01964.jpg
58-10 - Manuel I (08/04/1143 - 24/09/1180 D.C.)59 viewsAE/Vellón Aspron Trachy 32 x 29 mm 5.6 gr.
Moneda "Escifulada" cóncava.

Anv: "MΡ - ΘV" (Madre de Dios) en campos izquierdo y derecho - La Virgen sentada en un trono de frente, vistiendo nimbus (Halo redondo que rodea su busto), Pallium (Tipo de capa o manto) y Maphorium (Largo velo que cubre su cabeza y hombros), sosteniendo delante de Ella la cabeza nimbada de un Cristo niño mirando a izquierda.
Rev: " MANγHΛ - ΔεCΠOTHC " Emperador de pié de frente vistiendo corona, divitision (Larga túnica de seda usada por los Emperadores y Obispos, de color púrpura o blanco) y Chlamys (Manto largo o capa/mandyas, usado como traje de ceremonia imperial). Portando Labarum (Lábaro, Enseña militar usado como estandarte imperial), en mano derecha y Orbe con cruz patriarcal en izquierda.

Acuñada 1143 - 1180 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #1964 Pag. 396 - Hendy CMBE pl.15.5-10 - B.M.C.#56/7 - Ratto M.B.#2138-41 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #5-16
mdelvalle
athens.JPG
AR Tetradrachm, Athens59 viewsAR Tetradrachm, Athens, ca. 450 BC, Obv: Athena in crested helm right; Rev: Owl standing, branch left, ΑΘΕ left, three test cuts, otherwise Nice Very Fine. Ex. Pegasi.3 commentsMolinari
Augusta1C226D+R.jpg
AUGUSTUS59 viewsAE as. Cohen 2261 commentsRugser
augustus1.jpg
Augustus denarius - Gaius and Lucius 59 viewsEmperor Augustus
Mint Lugdunum
size (mm) 17
Weight (g) 3.83
Die Axis 170
Tariff 1 denarius
Ob. Leg. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE
Ob. Desc. Laureate head right
Rev. Leg. AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT / C L CAESARES
Rev. Desc. Gaius and Lucius caesar on l. anbd r. standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield a spear and on l. simpulum r and on r. lituus l.
RIC210
1 commentsBacchus
augustusdenarius~0.JPG
001. Augustus, 27BC-14AD. AR Denarius. Ob Civis Servatos.59 viewsAR Denarius. Tarraco mint. 19 B.C.
Obv. Bare head right CAESAR AVGVSTVS

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS below and above wreath.

RIC I 75a, RSC 210, BMCRE 376-7 = BMCRR Rome 4389-90, BN 1164-9. gVF.

Incredibly high relief, almost 2mm from the fields. Wear only on the highest curls. Assigned to Tarraco by style based on work by Richard Prideauxin Triton XI.
LordBest
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_GENIVS-ILLVR_RIC-V-223v-p-T-Not_in_off-3_iss-2_Siscia_270-AD_Q-001_0h_20-21mm_3,46ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,59 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PAX-A-VGVSTI_Star-T_RIC-V-232-p-RIC-T-2102-3rd-off-iss-4_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #159 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #1
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- PAX-A-VGVSTI, Pax running left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Pax-4).
exerg: */T//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-3, date: 271. AD., ref: RIC-V-I-232., T-2102 (Estiot), RIC V-I 232, R,
Q-001
quadrans
Azes_II_BI_tetradrachm,_30-5_BC.JPG
Azes II BI tetradrachm, 30-5 BC59 viewsAzes II
Indo-Scythian Kingdom
BI tetradrachm
35-5 BC
Azes II on horseback r, holding whip and raising r. hand
Zeus standing l, holding Nike and sceptre.
Mitchiner 2406
2 commentsArdatirion
Baduila_lion_ab3.jpg
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi59 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
BCC_M61-65_Tyre.jpg
BCC m61-m6559 viewsFive minute coins from Caesarea Maritima
BCC m61-m65
Mint: Caesarea or Tyre?
Obv:Head of Tyche right, crudely rendered on some specimens.
Rev: Palm tree, with fruits and/or traces of inscription or pseudo-date.
AE10.5-12.0mm. 0.62-1.07gm. Axis: 90
Similar to Hamburger #6-26 “Minute Coins
from Caesarea Maritima” Vol.1 Atiqot,1954.
Hamburger assigns this type to the mint at Tyre, in imitation of
the well-known autonomous coins of that city from the late 1st
and early 2nd cent. CE. However, other experts suggest Caesarea was
the mint, since they seem to be commonly found there. Of note is the 90 degree
axis seen in the majority of these Tyche/palm tree minimae.
v-drome
big1395.jpg
Caracalla AE34 Provincial59 viewsCaracalla --Pisidia, Antioch. Æ 34mm (28.52 gm). IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / COL CAES ANTIOCH, S R across field, Mên standing facing, head right, holding long sceptre and Nike on globe. Krzyzanowska pl. XXII, XXVII. 06/08/20011 commentsfeatherz
bouillon___sedan_henri_de_la_tour.jpg
BOUILLON & SEDAN59 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
boyd_cassia_6.jpg
Cassia 659 viewsCassius 6 (78BC) moneyer L Cassius Longinus praetor 66

Denarius
Ob: Head of Liber right, wearing ivy-wreath and with thrysus over shoulder, border of dots
Rev: Head of Libera left, wearing vine wreath, behind L ∙ CASSI ∙ Q ∙ F upwards, border of dots

BMCRR I 3152

Sydenham 779

Crawford 386/1

Northumberland Tablet IV 14 “This is held to commemorate the vow which the consul, Spurius Cassius, made in the Latian War, of dedicating a temple to Ceres and her children, Liber (Bacchus) and Libera.”

Describes Liber as “Bacchus corymbifer” chapleted Dionysus (wearing garlands of clusters of ivy-berries (Bacchi Ovid Fast. I.393) OLD

Ex: CNG auction 72 lot 1319 (June 2006); ex: Marc Poncin; ex: Baldwin auction 42 one of two coin lot 141 (26 Sept 2005) ex: William C. Boyd with tag (Spink 1894) toned dark grey

Baldwin graded this coin as a fine, but CNG correctly as VF. Coin much darker than this CNG photo
4 commentsPetrus Elmsley
bpRing79Knobs.jpg
5h. Seventy-nine Knobbed Base Metal Ring59 views14.3 gm 36 mm Produced circa 400-200 BC.
The text-book definition of why knobs and value are related to neither weight nor dimension when compared to the ring shown just previous. To my mind it must solidify the theory that the relative value of these rings (coins) were dictated by a social class recognized and respected by the Celtic peoples, which I believe (without fact) were the priestly caste. This coin is considered extremely rare.
Massanutten
bpS1K5JuliaMamaea.jpg
L5. Julia Mamaea59 viewsObv: IVLIA MAMAEA
Diademed and draped bust right.
Rev: VESTA S C
Vesta standing left, holding Palladium and Sceptre.
Sestertius, 20.8 gm, 28.5 mm, RIC 360
Comment: Looking past the condition of this coin, in my opinion it is one of the finest examples of the celator's art.
Massanutten
C1_virtvs_trier.jpg
CONSTANTINUS I VIRTVS EXERCIT59 viewsCONSTANT - INVS AVG
Consular bust left, laureated, wearing trabea, eagle tipped sceptre in left hand
R/ VIRTVS - EXERCIT
Trophy with captive seating on ground on either side
T/F/.PTR

struck in Trier 320-321
RIC. 281 R4

20 mm -- axis 180° -- 2,88 g
gb29400
Caligula RIC 38 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caligula, RIC 3859 viewsCaligula
AE As
Rome Mint. 37-41 A.D.
Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT - Bare head left.
Rev: VESTA above SC - Vesta (or Caligula) seated left, holding patera and sceptre.
Ref: RIC 38. Cohen 27. RCV 1803. VM 9a.
Notes: This is the first ancient coin that I ever purchased. I probably paid too much but it is one of my favourites.
seraphic
canoe.jpg
Kingdom of Luang Prabang59 viewsAE Lat
Copper / Bronze
Size 95 mm
Weight 53g
Early 18th C
Ref. Mitchiner 3018

This coinage consists of a series of unstamped billion or near copper/brass ingots from what is modern-day Thailand. The slightly raised ends leads to the popular name of "canoe money". This one being 95mm long is one of the early ones. The practice of making these probably ended with the establishment of the French Protectrate in 1889.

*Purchased from Robert Tye in 1992.
Bacchus
CaracallaandDomna.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA AND JULIA DOMNA59 viewsCARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA MOESIA INFERIOR, MARCIANOPOLIS
AE 5 ASSARIA
obv.: "ANTΩΓOVCTOCIOVΛIAΔ"

rev.: "VПKVNTIΛIANOV MAPKIANOПOΛI / TΩN

Description: •Date: C, 238-241 AD
•Obv: Confronted busts of Caracalla right, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Julia Domna left, diademed and draped
•Rev: Caracalla in military dress, standing, holding the globe and a spear across. E
•Size: 27 mm
•Weight: 12.02g
•Ref: Mousmov 483

1 commentsHELEN S
Caracalla_Serdika_Emperor_on_Horseback_AE31_18g_lr~0.jpg
Caracalla, Serdika, Emperor on horseback, AE3159 viewsThrace. Serdika. Caracalla.
AE 31 mm, 18.0 g
Obverse: AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: OVΛΠIAC CERΔIKHC, Emperor on horseback right, holding scepter and raising right hand.
GICV -
ex Silenos Coins

Tiathena: 'Very lovely! Beautiful horse! &nd beautiful patina!'
areich
CaraStobe38.JPG
Caracalla, AE 22 Diassaria59 viewsIM C M AVR ANTONINV/S
Bust laureate, right
MVNI STOBE
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
cf. Josifovski 312 (V34, R33), reverse die nearly identical
cf. Kuzmanovic Collection 619-620
whitetd49
Cherronesos-Lion_AG-Hemidrachm_lion-r_-looking-back_pellet-pellet_SNG-Cop-824-6_Cherronesos-mint_400-350-BC_Q-001_axis-1h_13-13,5mm_2,36g-s.jpg
Cherronesos, Thrace, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet, 59 viewsCherronesos, Thrace, (cca. 400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop 824-6, AR-Hemidrachm, Cherronesos Lion, pellet-pellet,
avers:- Forepart of lion right, head turned back.
revers:- Quadripartite incuse with a pellet-pellet in the sunken quarters.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 2,36g, axis: 1h,
mint: Thrace, Cherronesos, date: cca. 400-350 B.C., ref: SNG-Cop-824-6,
Q-001
quadrans
Cilicia_Anazarbos_Demeter_ArtemisPerasia_AE19_4_22g.jpg
Cilicia, Anazarbos, Demeter / Artemis Perasia, AE1959 views113-114 AD
19mm, 4.22g
obv: KAICAP ANAZAP, veiled bust of Demeter right, poppy and corn-ear before
rev: veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing high headgear, torch to right, in field date ЄT BΛP

SNG BN 2026, Ziegler 122 for date ΓΛP
2 commentsareich
ClaudiusBor.JPG
Quintillus Antoninianus59 viewsAntoninianus 19.5x21.4 mm
270 AD
Obv. IMP C MAVR CL QUINTILLUS AVG
Bust right, radiate
Rev. APOLLINI CONS
Apollo standing left holding
branch and leaning on lyre set
on rock. H in right field.
gparch
Clodius_Albinus_b.jpg
Clodius Albinus denarius59 viewsROMAE AETERNAE1 commentsTibsi
coin007.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Pulcher Mallius Urbinius - Victory in triga - 111BC - AR Denarius59 views3.91g - 18mm - s.176var
A difficult coin this.
Are there 4 moneyers, "Q VR" - each seperated by a point. _T.ML.AP.CL
4 commentsjerseyjohnjames
coin84.JPG
Valentinian II, Antioch59 viewsValentinian II
DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
CONCOR-DIA AVGGG
RIC IX Antioch 45b c
ecoli
coin861.JPG
59 viewsecoli
collage10.jpg
Julia Domna, Tarsos59 viewsTarsus, CILICIA
AE 34mm; 15.85g

IOYΛIAN ΔOMNAN CEBACTHN
Draped bust right on crescent

ANTΩNIANHC CEYH AΔP MH
Athena advancing right, looking back, holding Nike, spear and shield
TAPCOY A over M over K - in left field/ Γ over B in right field

SGI 2441, SNG Von Aulock 6004
wildwinds example
1 commentsarizonarobin
Con-Q001-g-s.jpg
Siscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!59 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing left, head right, holding a wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field.
exerg: -/Chi-Rho//*ASIS*, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 347 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 181, p-362,
Q-001
quadrans
confrontedseal~0.jpg
ROMAN LEAD SEAL59 viewsConfronted head

Female? on left bearded man on right

massive 10.88g

15mm X 18mm
Jay GT4
Considia_Paetus_Apollon_3b.jpg
Apollon | Curule chair - C. Considius Paetus, AR Denarius 46 B.C.59 views
Apollon | Curule chair * Silver deanrius.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollon, right; A in left field (behind).
Rev: Sella Curulis (Curule chair), garlanded, on which lies a laurel wreath: C CONSIDI, above, PAETI below.

Exergue: PAETI

Mint: Rome
Struck: 46 BC.

Size: 19.335 mm.
Weight: 3.396 grm.
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Very fine. Bright, clear, beautiful lustre and quiet toning. Beautiful coin in hand.

Refs:*
RRC 991.
CR 465/2a.
Sydham, 991
Sear, (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 455.
1 commentsTiathena
const campgate 2 com.JPG
Constantius II RIC VII Nicomedia 9459 viewsAe 20 mm 3.1g 324-325 AD

OBV :: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C . Laureated draped and cuirassed bust left
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS. Campgate with 2 turrets, no door. star above. 7 rows of blocks
EX :: SMN Delta ( Nicomedia )
RIC VII Nicomedia 94
RIC rated R1
from uncleaned lot 10/2007
1 commentsJohnny
Constans, Victoriae dd avgg q nn.jpg
Constans- Siscia RIC 19559 viewsConstans AE3/4

obv: IMP CONSTAN-S PF AVG
rev: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN
[gamma]SIS in exergue
RIC Siscia 195

Gorgeous turquoise patina!!
wolfgang336
Constantine I- Posthumous VNMR.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative VNMR59 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
ConstantineThe Great with veiled bust right

DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG

DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor

Reverse:

VN MR (VENER MEMOR) across the reverse side of the coin.

VENER MEMOR

VENER: Venerabilis (revered memory)
MEMOR: MEMORIA, memory

VENER MEMOR/ VNMR (revered memory) was used on the consecration coins of Constantine the Great.

Constantine The Great, veiled and right, raising hand.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 13 mm

Mint: SMHΓ = Heraclea Γ= Gamma (Third Officina). Struck 347-348, RIC VIII

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine2.jpg
Constantine the Great, (307-337)59 viewsConstantine the Great, Nicomedia mint 324-325
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, camp-gate with no doors and two turrets, star above
SMNA in ex.
RIC VII 154
2 commentsblot-sven
Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silv_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-P-F-AVG(1b,D6)_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP_VOT-PR_BSIS_RIC-VII-53-p-431-alt-typ-u_Siscia_318-9AD_R1_Q-001_7h_18-19mm_3,22g-s~0.jpg
Siscia, RIC VII 053, 136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS, VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, R1, #159 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 053, 136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSIS, VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, R1, #1
avers:- IMP-CONSTANTINVS-P-F-AVG, 1b, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, D6, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exergo: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,22g, axis:7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-53-p431, altar typ: u, R1,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTA-N-TINVS-AVG-1-D6_VIRTV-S-AVG-G_3-turrets-6-layers_P-R_RT_3-off_RIC-VII-166-p-315_Rome_318-319-AD_R5_Q-001_5h_17,5-18mm_2,75ga-s~0.jpg
Rome, RIC VII 166, 136 Constantinus-I (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVGG, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!!, 59 viewsRome, RIC VII 166, 136 Constantinus-I (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVGG, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!!,
avers:- CONSTA-N-TINVS-AVG, Laureate helmeted cuirassed bust right. 1-D6,
revers:- VIRTV-S-AVG-G, Campgate, three turrets, six layers no doors; P-R across fields, RT in ex.
exerg: P/R//R-T, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,75g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-166, p-315, R5!!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
ConstantinusGenioAugustiBar.jpg
Constantinvs BARB from Alexandria59 viewsReduced follis from Alexandria for Constantinus I

MP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
laureate head right
R/ GENIO AVGVSTI [To the spirit of the Emperor] Genius, modius on head standing left, chalmys across left shoulder, Serapis head in right hand, cornucopia in left hand.
X/A/ALE

22 mm -- 4,69 g
1 commentsgb29400
corinth_marcus_aurelius_SNGcop329.jpg
Corinthia, Corinth, Marcus Aurelius, SNG Cop. 32959 viewsMarcus Aurelius, AD 161-180
AE 25, 11.25g
obv. M AVR AN[TONI] - NVS A[VG]
bust, laureate, r.
rev. CLI - COR
The young Melikertes laying on a dolphin, swimming r., behind a pine-tree(?)
SNG Copenhagen 329; Lindgren 1619; BCD 700; Edwards 150, pl.IV
rare, good F-about VF, green-brown patina
added to www.wildwinds.com

Corinth at this time was a Roman colony, therefore the Latin inscriptions.
The revers legend CLI - COR is solved to COLONIA LAUS IULIA CORINTHUS.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
3 commentsJochen
cosxieagle.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius59 viewsSilver denarius, 19-20mm, January - April 85 A.D., RIC 57, Carradice 85.1, BMC 75, RSC 368, Ex. Flan
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANIC, laur. head right
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Eagle standing on thunderbolt
FORVM AUCTIONS
cr10b.JPG
CRISPUS with helmet right59 viewsCRISPVS - NOB CAES
cuirassed bust with helmet right
BEATA TRAN - QVILLITAS VOT/IS/XX
C/R/PLG
Lyons mint
RIC. not listed
gb29400
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