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Valerian I, Lindgren I, 1250 var.69 viewsAntioch, Pisidia mint, Valerian I 253-260 A.D. AE, 20mm 4.72g, Lindgren I, 1250 var.
O: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ANTIO-OCHIOC, Vexillum surmounted by eagle between two standards. S R in exergue.
1 commentscasata137ec
Kamnaskires IV69 viewsAR tetradrachm, c. 63/2 - 54/3 BC
Van’t Haaff 8.1.1B
1 commentsRobert L3
Kamnaskires V69 viewsAR tetradrachm, 54 - 32 BC
Van't Haaff 9.1.1-7

Also listed at
Robert L3
vespasian RIC120.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AR denarius - struck 79 AD69 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (laureate bust left)
rev: TR POT X COS VIIII (radiate Sol, nude but for chlamys, holding sceptre in his right hand, standing on rostral column)
ref: RIC II 120 (C), RSC560 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
3.07gms, 18mm

ex Sebastian Sonderman Ancient Numismatics
2 commentsberserker
Vespasian Antioch Dupondius Caduceus & Cornucopii69 viewsObv.
Laureate head right

Winged caduceus between crossed cornucopii
5 commentsancientdave
Vespasian 69 viewsCappadocia, Vespasian (69-79), AR Didrachm, Caesarea, c. AD 76-77;
R: NIKH - CEBACTH, Nike standing r., holding palm branch and wreath. RPC 1647
4 commentsNemonater
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M69 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II D'ITALIA, head left / 10 CENTISMI 1866 M, all within wreath.

KM 11.1
36,000,000 minted
Victoria de pie.jpg
A154-10 - Valentiniano III (425 - 455 D.C.)69 viewsAE4 Nummus 10 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Gala Placidia y Constancio III, Augusto de Occidente.

Anv: "[DN VALENTINIANVS P F AVG]" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – [IA AVGG]" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "[RM]" en exergo, ”S” en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 425 - 455 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.2da.)
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC Vol.X #2121 Pag.377 - Cohen Vol.VIII #12 var. Pag.211 - DVM #25 Pag.320 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9717.b Pag.322
Vitellius Denarius69 viewsLaureate head right, A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P / Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below, XV VIR SACR FAC. Rome mint, April - December 20, AD69. RIC I 109 (pg. 273).socalcoins
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous, Alexandria Troas AE69 viewsAutonomous Issue (Possibly Gallienus alone), AE As, 3rd Century AD, Alexandria Troas, Northwest Asia Minor (Turkey), near Troy
Turreted, draped bust of Tyche right, Legionary vexillum with AVG behind
Horse feeding right
Bellinger A486
L. Procilius L.F., Denarius68 viewsRome mint, 80 BC
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind
Juno Sospita right holding spear and shield. A snake at her feet. L . PROC[ILI/F] behind
3.77 gr
Ref : RCV # 306, RSC, Procilia # 1
3 commentsPotator II
Augustus & Agrippa, AE halved dupondius68 viewsHalved dupondius struck in Nemausus, after 10 BC
3rd type
[IM]P [DI]VI F , Laureate head of Augustus right
[COL NEM], Crocodile chained to palm tree
6.70 gr
Ref : RCV #1730, Cohen # 10
1 commentsPotator II
Apollonia Pontica68 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
Johannes68 viewsJohannes AE4
13 mm 1.49 gm
Diad., dr. & cuir. bust right
Victory advancing left holding palm and wreath, T in left field, RM in ex;
2 commentsJohn Campbell
SICILY, KAMARINA, 420 - 410 BC68 viewsAE Onkia, 12mm, 1.3g

O. Gorgoneion en face
R. Owl standing right, holding lizard in it´s claws; KAMA to left; A to right, single dot below

Westermark, Kamarina Taf.32 Type A 177

Ex Gorny & Mosch Sale 200, #1209
4 commentsrobertpe
Hadrian, Sestertius - 006568 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P , laureate and draped bust right
RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, Hadrian raising kneeling figure of Hipania
24.3 gr
Ref : RCV # 3633, scarce

Très usée mais pas courante
Potator II
Commodus Sestertius68 viewsRIC III 307b Rome, C 4
20.87 g, 31 mm
181 AD.
M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right
ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Annona standing, head left, with corn ears over patera & cornucopiae

Mark Z2
ROMAN EMPIRE, BALBINUS, Denarius RIC 768 viewsRome mint, AD 238
IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Balbinus right
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, holding rod and cornucopiae, globe at feet
2.7 gr
Ref : RIC # 7, RCV # 8490
3 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, GORDIAN III, antoninianus RIC 15368 viewsRome mint AD 243
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SECVRITAS PERPETUA, Securitas standing left, holding scepter and resting on column
6,95 gr, 25 mm
Ref : RIC #153, RCV #8661, Cohen #336
Ex FORVM ancient coins
3 commentsPotator II
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0168 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
Licinius I - Jupiter68 viewsFollis 313-315
O/ IMP LICINIUS P F AUG Laureate head right
R/ IOVI CON - SERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding sceptre in left hand and Victoria on globe, an eagle at his feet
ex SIS ; gamma in the field
Mint: Siscia 3rd off.
Mysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feding serpent,68 viewsMysia, Pergamon, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), Diodorus, strategus, Weisser 1110, AE-30, EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated left, holding patera feeding serpent,
avers:- AV-KA-AVP-ΚΟMOΔOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- EΠI-CTRΑ-ΔIOΔOPΩV_ΠEPΓAMH/ΝΩN, Asclepius seated, left, feeding serpent from patera, holding staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pergamum; Asia: Conventus of Pergamum; Mysia, date: 182-184 A.D., ref: Weisser 1110,
Gallienus, Antoninianus68 viewsAntioch mint, AD 265-266
GALLIENVS AVG radiate head left
AETERNITAS AVG she wolf standing right, suckling twins Romulus and Remus. Branch at exergue
3,9 gr, 20 mm
Ref : RIC V-1 # 628, Göbl # 1628a
2 commentsPotator II
Valerian II, antoninianus - 005068 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust of Valerian junior right
IOVI CRESCENTI, Young Jupiter on back of goat Amalthea right
3.66 gr
Ref : RCV # 10731, Cohen #26
1 commentsPotator II
Saloninus, Middle bronze - *68 viewsRome mint, AD 258-260
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus standing left holding globe and spear. A captive at his feet. S - C in field Mintmark ? at exergue
7.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 10778 v, Cohen # 90, RIC # 34
Potator II
Macedonia, Stobi, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Josifovski ???, Varbanov 3848corr, AE-26, Nike standing left,68 viewsMacedonia, Stobi, 049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Josifovski ???, Varbanov 3848corr, AE-26, Nike standing left,
avers:-SEVERVS-PIV-AV-GV, Laureate head of Septimius Severus right.
revers:- MVNICIPI-STOBE-N, Nike, standing left, holding palm and wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25-27mm, weight: 10,58g, axis: 6h,
mint: Macedonia, Stobi, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: Josifovski- , Varbanov-3848corr,
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994, AE-26, Nike standing left,68 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994, AE-26, Nike standing left,
avers:- , IMP-M-AYR-ANTONINY, Laureate head of the younger Caracalla right, cuirassed.
revers:- MVNIC-STOBE, Nike, standing left, holding palm and wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Macedonia, Stobi, date: A.D., ref: Josifovski 336, Varbanov 3994,
Probus, Antoninianus 68 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
Galerius, Follis - *68 viewsHeraclea mint, 5th officina, c. AD 296-298
GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust of Galerius right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, , Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, HTE at exergue
10.58 gr
Ref : RCV # 14372 (90), Cohen #78
Potator II
Thrace, Kallatis, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,68 viewsThrace, Kallatis, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,
avers:- M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-N, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- KAΛΛ-ATIA_NΩΝ (ΝΩ ligate), Cybele holding sceptre, riding on back of lion walking right.
exe: -/-//NΩΝ, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 4,39g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Kallatis, date: 238-244 A.D., ref: Varbanov 358 (but smaller), Pick 347,
1 commentsquadrans
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #168 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III ---, Local issue, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO REGINA, Iuno, standing half-left, #1
avers:- MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO REGINA, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) standing half-left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,2-21,2 mm, weight:3,82g, axis:5h,
mint: Local issue ???, date:after 249A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III---, p-, C-, Rare !
Constantius Chlorus68 viewsI think it is:
Constantius Chlorus
305-306 AD
Siscia RIC 167
Constantius I AE Denarius or quarter follis.
Rv: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI SIS, Genius standing left with modius on head with clamys over shoulder, holds patera and cornucopuia
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)68 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
Carradice Type III AR Siglos - Artaxerxes I - Darius III68 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C.
AR Siglos (15.2mm, 5.449 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding spear in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IIIb; S 4682. aVF.

Provenance: Forvm Ancient Coins
15 Constantius II68 viewsConstantius II DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, PDC; FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO bare-headed, reaching, TRP crescent in ex Trier 359.2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Rome - RIC IV 6968 viewsAR denarius. 19mm. 3.01gms.
obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG. Laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind
rev: PONT TR P VI COS. Roma standing left, holding Victory and reversed spear
Struck 203 A.D. at Rome
RIC-IV 69. BMCRE 435. RSC 499.
1 commentsJericho
German States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A.68 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Friedrich II 1740 - 1786. Silver thaler 1785-A. FRIDERICHUS BORUSSORUM REX, bust right / EIN REICHSTHALER, crowned eagle with wings open, flags right, mint-mark A divides date below.

KM 32
179- Theodosius 1.JPG
179- Theodosius 168 viewsAE4 , Theodosius I, 388-392 AD , Cyzicus mint.
Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left , dragging captive, trophy over shoulder.
SMKA in exergue, RIC 26b
12mm , 1.0gm.
2 commentsjdholds
Russia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA.68 viewsRussia. Alexander II 1855 - 1881. Copper 5-Kopek 1877-TOAA. Crowned double eagle / Value and mint-mark within inner circle, date above.

KM y12.5
1967 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY68 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA.F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1967 in exergue.
SPINK: 4157

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the Queen's bust.
This was the last year of issue of the "Britannia" penny (other than a proof version dated 1970) prior to the introduction of decimal coinage in Britain in 1971. It was struck in enormous numbers to satisfy the large, mainly speculative, demand for the coin.
Faustina Junior, Peacock68 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA PIA
Draped bust at right

Peacock standing right

RIC 744
2 commentsRobin Ayers
NYΣA68 viewsSAMARIA. Nysa-Scythopolis (?). Nero (?). Æ 21. A.D. 66/67 (?). Obv: (NEPWNKΛAYΔIOΣKAIΣAPΣEB...). Laureate head of Nero right; countermark on neck. Rev: (NYΣA, LPГ in field). Tyche standing left. Ref: RPC 4834 (?); Spojkerman 4 (?). Axis: 360° ? Weight: 8.46 g. Note: The identification of the coin is based on the countermark; all identifiable specimens listed by Howgego bearing this countermark are of Nero from Nysa-Scythopolis. CM: NYΣA, in rectangular punch, 11 x 4.5 mm. Howgego 555 (8 pcs). Note: The countermark was applied to valiadate coins of Nero. Collection Automan.Automan
Julia Domna, Fortuna68 viewsJulia Domna
(prov. FORVM Ancient Coins)

Silver denarius, unpublished in major references, RSC III -, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, SRCV II -, EF, Emesa mint, weight 3.004g, maximum diameter 18.4mm, die axis 0o, obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse FORT AVG, Fortuna seated left on throne without back, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; extremely rare

Wildwinds Example
2 commentsarizonarobin
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius68 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
Roman Republic, C. Antestius, 146 B.C.68 viewsRoman Republic, C. Antestius, 146 B.C.

Silver denarius, SRCV 95/1, Sydenham 411, Crawford 219/1e, RSC I Antestia 1, VF, Rome mint, weight 3.971g, maximum diameter 17.3mm, die axis 90o, 146 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, C ANTESTI behind, X below chin; reverse Dioscuri riding right, puppy with both fore feet raised below, ROMA in a linear frame in ex, linear border
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I, AR antoninianus68 viewsPhilip I. 244 - 247 AD. Silver Antoninianus. Rome Mint.
Rx./ Aequitas standing left.
RIC IV: 27b
GREEK, Calabria, Tarentum AR stater 281-270 BC 7.84g68 viewsNaked Horseman on prancing horse,to right spearing downward with right hand,and holding shield and two more spears with left hand,FIL{OTAS} below.Rev TAPAE in field to right, Young nude Taras riding dolphin left,holding bunch of grapes and distaff,in upper left field EY and below ARA.Very rare ex Baldwins 6-30-11,ex NAC Auc 52 lot 22.
Vlasto 708,HN Italy 973
1 commentsGrant H
Maxentius-1.68 viewsAE Follis, Ostia Mint, 306-312 AD.
Obv: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N , Victory advancing left with wrath.
MOSTT in exergue.
25mm , 7.2 gm
RIC 54
Arados, Phoenicia, 85 - 84 B.C.68 viewsBronze AE 22, BMC Phoenicia p. 41, 332, F, 6.765g, 22.0mm, 0o, obverse veiled bust of Astarte-Europa right, wearing stephane and veil; reverse humped bull jumping to left, head turned facing, KN / PC above, POE (year 175) / M q (Phoenician daleth) belowJoshua B
Victorinus, irregular radiate (apparently base silver), c.269-7568 views[...], Radiate bust right
[...], Emperor standing right with spear and globe (type of Postumus)
Die axis 12, diameter 15mm, weight 1.92g.
Hadrian, as68 viewsAdrianus
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic68 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus


Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.


S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
4.2 Aelia Capitolina (Roman Jerusalem)68 viewsAntoninus Pius
Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) city coin

young Marcus Aurelius, bare head, Caesar
Macedonian Kings. Alexander III the Great 4dr, 336-323B.C. Price 78.68 viewsAlexander III the Great, 336-323 tetdradrachm.

Obv.: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.

Rev.: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and resting left on scepter, ithyphalic herm with irrigated penis in left field.

Amphipolis mint, lifetime issue. 17,3g - 26mm - Die axis 7 O´Clock.

EF, mint lustre. Considerably nicer surface than the scan indicates.

Price 78.
3 commentsLordBest
ALEXANDER III THE GREAT (336-323)68 viewsAR drachm, (4,14 g. - 17-18 mm)
Abydos mint. Struck circa 310-301 BC.
under Antigonos I Monophthalmos. As Strategos of Asia, 320-306/5 BC, or king, 306/5-301 BC.
Vs: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin.
Rs: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, head of Ammon right; ivy leaf below throne.
Price 1551. _17988 sold
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
498-518 Anastasius - follis from Constantinople68 viewsGinolerhino
Aeolis, Myrina, Tetradrachm, Mid 2nd Century B.C.68 viewsObv:– Laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind.
Rev:– MYRINAION left, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; monogram left, all within laurel wreath
Minted in Myrina. Mid 2nd Century B.C.
Reference:– Sacks, ANSMN 30, Issue 25
4 commentsmaridvnvm
004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #0268 views004 Andras-I., (Andreas-I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-005, + PANONEIA, #02
avers:- + REX•ANDREAS in double circle; cross in circle with circle in the centre, (hands of three lines?); border of dots with three lines at each quarter.
revers:- + PANONEIA, Cross in circle with circle in the centre and wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,64 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-005, CHN-1-012, Huszar-009,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Sear 181368 viewsAnonymous Class A2 Follis. Weight 12.1g, diameter 28mm. Type 41 ornamentation. Abu Galyon
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin68 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antique-Medical-instrument-AE-00168 viewsAntique-Medical-instrument-AE-001
type:Medical Instrument
size: 102x4mm,
weight: 5,63g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
A103-12 - CARINO (Mar.283 - Set.285 D.C.)68 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 mm 3.4 gr.
Hijo mayor de Caro, acuñada como Co-Augusto con su hermano menor Numeriano.

Anv: "IMP [C M A]VR CARINVS AVG" - Busto radiado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "AEQVITAS AV[GG]" – Aequitas (La Equidad) de pié a izquierda, portando balanza en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en la izquierda . "KAZ" en exergo.

Acuñada Mar.283 - Nov.284 D.C.
Ceca: Roma Italia (Off.7ma.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #238 Pag.169 - Cohen Vol.VI #8 Pag.384 – Sear RCTV (1988) #3462 - DVM # Pag.
Antoninus Pius denarius68 viewsEmperor sacrificing reverse2 commentsmarandnumiz
Antoninus Pius Securitas68 viewsAE Sestertius of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), struck AD 140-144, very thick heavy coin at 4mm thick.
REV: COS IIII SC, Securitas seated left holding sceptre and propping head on left hand
RIC 764, Cohen 298, 31.11mm, 25.1g
TEMPLE, ANTONINUS PIUS, Temple of Venus68 viewsorichalcum sestertius (23.78g, 12h). Rome mint struck AD 141-143.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
VENERI FELICI S C decastyle temple
RIC 651 (scarce); BMC 1322; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 125:23
ex Jean Elsen et ses Fils (Bruxelles) auction 97; ex coll. A. Senden: l'architecture des monnaies Romaines
F, dark green patina, corroded

Issued on the occasion of the completion of the temple of Venus and Roma in AD 141. This was the largest temple in Rome dedicated to Venus Felix (Happy Venus) and Roma Aeterna (Eternal Rome). Actually it consists of two temples back under one roof. It was designed by Hadrian himself (who, by the way, executed his architect for critisising the project) and dedicated by him in AD 135, and completed by Antoninus Pius.
Charles S
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)68 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ø 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, first issue of Antoninus struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETA / S C (in two lines across field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093; Cohen 610; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1951; Strack (Hadrian) 908; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 280 (1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203
ex Ancient Resource (Glendale, CA, 2008).

Numismatic note: Very rare: Strack lists only two collections for this type: B.M. and Paris; Banti only one: B.M.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 586, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Parthia)68 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.27g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: PARTHIA (round edge) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Parthia, towered headdress, standing left, holding crown and bow and quiver with arrows resting on ground.
RIC 586 (R); Cohen 572; BMCRE IV 1191; Strack 792 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 253 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4198
ex Aegean Numismatics

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor. Remark from Sear: "The remarkable inclusion of a rival state in this series commemorating provincial tax relief would seem to suggest that the Parthians were subject to some form of financial obligation to the Roman government consequent of Trajan's capture of Ctesiphon in AD 115 and the loss of the celebrated golden throne of the Arsacids"
Charles S
Alexander III - Philip III68 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti68 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
Q. Thermus M.f., AR Denarius, 103 BC, Rome 68 viewsHelmeted head of Mars left
(No legend)
Two warriors fighting with swords and shields, warrior on left protects fallen comrade, warrior on right wears horned helmet
Q . THERM (ligate) . M F (ligate) in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.99g
Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592; 103 BCE

Seaby notes: This records the brave deeds of the moneyer's ancestor and namesake, who was consul in 193 BC. He was engaged in a severe contest with the Ligurians and is said to have distinguished himself by his bravery.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
As Medallion Liberalitas III68 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

ROMAN EMPIRE - AUGUSTUS - GAIUS & LUCIUS68 viewsSilver denarius, RSC 43a, S 1597 var, RIC 211, BMC 537, aVF, Lugdunum, 3.645g, 18.9mm, 315o, 2 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Gaius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, X in center, above center on l. a simpulum r. and on r. a lituus l.; scratches, reverse scraped.1 commentsdpaul7
Hybrid Faustina Junior / Marcus Aurelius Denarius68 viewsObv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XVIII IMP II COS III / ARMEN - Armenia seated left, mourning, left hand resting on bow and quiver; before her, vexillum and shield.
Cat #: RIC.81 (reverse)
Weight: 4.25g
Baduila - Ticinum - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi68 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (11 mm, 1.17 g), Ticinum. Obverse: bust right, apparently no legend. Reverse: monogram of Baduila. Metlich 94; MIB I 87; MEC 1, 163.

This coin is unusually heavy with a weight intermediate between 2.5 and 5 nummi coins.

Ex Gitbud & Naumann 2013
3 commentsJan (jbc)
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0668 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #06
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// Confusing text, diameter: 15-16mm, weight:2,88g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0468 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #04
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// -o-, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:3,09g, axis: h,
mint: ???, date: , ref: ,
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Bayezid I68 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - Bayezid I (1389-1402) AR Akche. Dated AH 792, no mint (as usual). dpaul7
BHM 1061. The Elgin Marbles, East Frieze IV 24-27.68 viewsObv. THE ELGIN MARBLES DEDICATED BY PERMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV The Royal Coat of Arms with supporters.
Rev. CASTOR POLLUX CERES AND TRIPTOLEMUS THOMASON DIREXIT Hermes, Dionysos(?), Demeter and Ares seated.


The British Museum writes about the fragment depicted:
24-25. Hermes, a messenger god, sits looking in the direction of the procession. He wears sandals and a traveller's hat (petasos) rests on his knee. The figure who leans on his shoulder is probably Dionysos, god of wine. His left arm was supported by a staff (thyrsos).
26. Demeter, goddess of growing corn, was shown resting her chin (now missing) upon her hand. In Greek art this was a conventional gesture of mourning. Her grief is for her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by the god of the Underworld. In her left hand Demeter holds a torch, the symbol of the Eleusinian Mysteries, of which she was the patron.
27. Ares, god of war, sits with one knee cradled in his hands, while his left foot rests on the haft of a spear. Part of the weapon is just visible below the ankle bone. The rest of it must have been painted on the stone.
Bhutan68 viewsKm7.1 - Deb (1/2 Rupee) - N/D, Ma-tam period (III) (1835-1910)
Km27 - 1 Pice - N/D (struck 1951, 1955)
Daniel Friedman
BOUILLON & SEDAN68 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, Fourree (Ancient Counterfeit) Denarius68 viewsObv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Star over crescent.
Fourre, 3.2 gm, 18.1 mm
Comment: Fourree.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Siscia RIC VII, 95 R168 viewsArgenteus 3.1 gm 18.3 mm Struck: 319-320 Mark: ΔSIS*
High crested helmet and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over left shoulder, shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT PR, on altar.
Comment: Issue abandoned in favor of Ae3 of similar design in 320.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Constantinople, RIC VII:32, R368 viewsAe3 2.9 gm 19 mm Struck: 328 Mark: Є/CONS
Rosette diademed head, right. Gazing to heaven.
Victory seated on cippus facing left, but looking right; palm in each hand. Trophy in front and kneeling captive at feet turning head to look, but spurned by Victory.
KUSHITE KINGDOM, Soter Megas68 viewsAe20, 8.6 gm, 20.6 mm, ca 55-105 AD.
Obv: Headdressed (diademed?) and draped bust, right, hand raised holding object. Greek(?) lettering in inscription.
Rev: Figure (the king?) with long flowing ribbons extending from his headgear on horse, right, raising right arm. Kharoshthi lettering in inscription. Tamgha symbol in right field.
Comment: The only example I have been able to find of this coin is in Wayne Sayles' ACC, Volume I, page 139. Any better attribution would be appreciated.
Greek, Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrios II68 viewsTetradrachm (Shekel), 13.8 gm, 26.3 mm, 129-125 BC, Sear (GC) 7105.
Obv: Anepigraphic with diademed bust, right.
Rev: Eagle standing left on galley, palm branch in background. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ to left. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right. A over ΡE in left field and TYP on club. AE in right field and Δ Π Ρ (e.g. 128 BC). M between legs of eagle.
1 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus. The 'second' reign, AE Follis68 viewsFollis 8.5 gm 27 mm
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in 307 at Londinium. mm: PLN RIC VI, 90.
Comment: Minted by Constantine in evidence of his initial alliance with the usurper Maxentius and his father-in-law Maximianus.
1 commentsMassanutten
Roman Bridge68 viewsThis is a Roman bridge in the south of Italy (Calabria) at the bottom of my grandmothers town today called Scigliano but in ancient times was known as Sturni. "Annibale’s Bridge” (Hannibal) is also known as ”The Bridge of Saint Angelo" The road and surrounding area is completely grown over but it was once a part of the Via Popilia which once joined Reggio Calabria to Capua. The bridge crosses the Savuto river. There are no tourists here, it is only known by the locals and is claimed to be the oldest free standing Roman bridge! It dates to 130 BC.Titus Pullo
Burnt Hoard Coin 9 obverse68 viewsPhillip I. IMPC( )IVLPHILIPPVSAVG.otlichnik
Byzantine Lead Seal, #10,68 viewsByzantine Lead Seal, #10,
Georgios. Byzantine lead tessera 7th century AD
Cruciform monogram ΓEOPΓIOV (by Gert, thank you Gert).
diameter: 15-16mm,
weight: 2,99g,
Constantine I68 viewsConstantine I AE3. CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two helmeted soldiers standing facing one another, with spears and shields & standards between, SMANA in ex. Antioch
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA, AR Denarius, AD 196-217, Rome mint,68 viewsCARACALLA, AR Denarius, AD 196-217, Rome mint,


Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, draped.Young Caracalla with mustaces and beard.
Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII - Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus and cornucopia.

Reference: RIC IV 135 Rome mint, Cohen 122.
Rated Scarce
1 commentsGeorge
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0268 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,14g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Caracalla, AE 23 Diassaria68 viewsM AVR ANTONINV A C
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades abducting Persephone, holding scepter, in galloping quadriga, right
Josifovski 288 - 290, same dies (V12, R13)
AMNG Gaebler 12
Kuzmanovic Collection 1036
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria68 viewsM AVREL ANTONINV
Bust laureate, right (light beard)
Nike standing, face left, holding a palm branch before and cornucopia behind. This may represent a syncretic Nike/Tyche.
Josifovski Addition 5,
AMNG Gaebler 15, T. XXII/3
Varbanov (E), III 3955
Kuzmanovic Collection 1026-1028
3 commentswhitetd49
Egypt, Alexandria, 113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3160, D-5567-68, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,68 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,
avers:-, A-K-M-A-KAROC-CEB, Laureated, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, beetween two standard, head right, his beak wreath, L A above (year 1).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight:8,55 g, axes:11 h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: L A year-1, 282-283 A.D., ref: Geissen-3160, Dattari-5567-68, Kapmann-Ganschow-113.2-p-340,
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 68 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 1,99g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Chedworth Baths Warm room.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 11, Bath complex, Warm room68 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Thrace, Chersonesos, hemidrachm, imitation68 views13mm, 2.25g
obv: forepart of lion right, looking back over shoulder
rev: quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters, two pellets in opposite sunken quarters
1 commentsareich
MEDIEVAL MARKET CROSS, Chichester, England68 views1794 AE Halfpenny Token. Chichester, Sussex, England.
Obverse: QUEEN ELIZABETH •. Three-quarter facing crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth I right, sceptre resting on her right shoulder.
Reverse: CHICHESTER HALFPENNY •. View of Chichester Cross; in exergue, 1794.
Diameter 29mm | Die Axis 6
Dalton & Hamer: 15

Chichester Cross is an elaborate perpendicular market cross standing at the intersection of the four principal streets in the centre of the city of Chichester, West Sussex, England. According to the inscription upon it, this cross was built by Edward Story, Bishop of Chichester from 1477 to 1503, but little is known for certain and the style and ornaments of the building suggest that it may date from the reign of Edward IV. It was apparently built so that the poor people should have somewhere to sell their wares, and as a meeting point. An earlier wooden cross had been erected on the same site by Bishop Rede (1369-1385). The stone cross, which underwent repairs during the reign of Charles II and again in 1746, still stands to this day.
1 comments*Alex
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.68 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
68 views1 commentsDaniel F
coins 1 071~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius 168 viewsLicinius I AE Follis. 312-313 AD.
OBV: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
REV: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe; eagle with wreath below left,
EX:•TS•A• Thessalonica mint.
Thrace, Mesembria68 viewsMesembria in Thrace
AR diobol ;1.26 g.

Obv.: Crested helmet faced

Rev.: META in the four quarters of a radiate wheel

Ref.: David Sear, Greek coins and their values, Vol. 1, p. 166, 1673
Fausta, Heraclea68 viewsFLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms.

Heraclea Mint

RIC 80
Ae 18-19mm; 2.63g

I like the long flat portrait, though I would say it is not the most flattering portrait of Fausta.
1 commentsarizonarobin
Fausta, Trier68 viewsFLAV MAX-FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms.

PTR(cresent with dot)
Trier Mint

RIC VII 484 ; 326 AD
Ae 18mm; 2.39g
Julia Domna, Nikopolis ad Istrum 68 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 3.26g;16-17mm; Nikopolis ad Istrum

draped bust right

lion walking right

Moushmov 1044; H/J; Varbanov 2839
1 commentsarizonarobin
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0009, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P, Trophy,68 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0009, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P, Trophy,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:- TR-P-V-IMP-IIII-COS-II-P-P, Trophy of arms with two captives below.
exrg: -/-//--, diameter: 18 mm, weight: 3,19 g, axis: 11 h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181 A.D., ref: RIC-III-009, p-, C-771,
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE68 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//ΔSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!68 views146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 232, -/-//ΔSIS•, AE-3 Follis, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)68 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
2 commentslaney
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: No legend, Victory standing left, on the prow of a galley, holding a spear and a shield; SMTSЄ in exergue.

Billon Centenionalis, Thessalonica mint, 5th Officina, 336 - 337 AD

2.9 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC VII Thessalonica 188, S16470, VM 1
SPQR Coins
Siscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!68 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 237, 147 Constantius-II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R1!
avers:- FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C, 8,B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rever:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-237, p-456, 3rd.-off. ,R1 !
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)68 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.63g, 24mm
Thessalonica 1. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
field: left B, right star
exergue: dot TSA dot
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 134(s)
Scarce; about VF(?)

This issue (the Fallen Horseman type) celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara 344 AD against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
FELICIUM TEMPORUM REPARATIO = Happy days are here again!
ALTAR, CONSTANTIUS I68 viewsStruck A.D.307 - 308 under Maxentius, AE Follis of Aquileia.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO AVG. Veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: MEMORIA DIVI CONSTANTI. Monumental altar enclosure, doors embellished with handles in the shape of a ring held in the mouth of a bucranium, surmounted by eagle with wings spread standing facing, head turned to left and holding wreath in its beak; in exergue, AQS.
Diameter: 25mm | Weight: 5.3gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC VI : 127

"Cohen 24 (not giving mintmark) and Voetter, Gerin Cat., p. 62, have AVG only in the obv. legend of this type at Aquileia." - source Curtis Clay.
CRISPUS Claritas reipublicae68 viewsFL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
Treveri mint
RIC. VII, 175 r4
ROMAN EMPIRE, Crispus VOT V68 viewsCrispus AE3
Obverse: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate head right
Mintmark: T crescent A (Arles Mint)
Weight 3.11 Grams
Size: 19MM
1 commentsego sum malum
Girolamo Priuli Cyprus68 viewsObv: +S. MARCVS. VENETVS

Girolamo Priuli was Doge 1559-1567. This is a billon kartza, carzia or denarius struck in Venice for use in Cyprus

Thanks to Manzikert for attribution

1 commentsBacchus
C. Postumius - Postumia-968 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC C. Postumius 74 BC. AR denarius.(17mm, 3.98g). Rome mint. Bust of Diana right, draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder / C POSTVMI. Hound running right; below, spear. Crawford 394/1a, RSC I Postumia 9, Sydenham 785, RCV 3301 commentsBud Stewart
Domitian RIC-72868 viewsAR Denarius, 3.23g
Rome mint, 92 AD
RIC 728 (C3), BMC 187, RSC 273
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Ex Ancient Treasures, eBay, 7 June 2015.

The first issue of denarii in 92 was quite massive and certainly one of the largest of the reign. Domitian's military campaigns against the Suebi and Sarmatians during this time period may account in part for the heightened mint activity.

Competent craftsmanship which produced a neat and fine portrait.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC 7268 viewsAR Denarius, 3.15g
Rome Mint, 81 AD
RIC 72 (R2), BMC - , RSC 575a
Obv: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt
Ex Münzhandlung Dirk Löbbers (eBay), April 2017.

The reverse is a carry-over pulvinaria type from Titus' coinage with an added touch of filial piety on the obverse. The 'DIVI VESP F' in the obverse legend is a scarce variant not often seen on Domitian's denarii. This is only the second denarius with the legend variant I've been able to obtain.

Sharp details and in good early style.

6 commentsDavid Atherton
Trajan Provincial68 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Struck A.D.180 under Commodus. DIVUS MARCUS AURELIUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome.68 viewsObverse: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing left, head turned right, standing on bar.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 266
Featured on Wildwinds.

Marcus Aurelius died at his camp in Vindobona (Vienna) on March 17th, A.D.180 after a week's illness. He was succeeded by his 18 year old son, Commodus.
2 comments*Alex
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm68 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.36 gm., 15 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p.584, 38 struck over Topalov Apollonia p. 566, 12
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type 38: “Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues” (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
-struck over-
Topalov Type 12: “Upright Anchor – Swastika: First Intermediate Issues” (540-535/525 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with thin flukes and a thin stock. Side view of the additional symbol of a crab (or view from above) right between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Schematic view of a swastika in sectors concave with arms bent to the left. A dolphin as an additional symbol in every one of the sectors. Dolphins’ heads point from the center of the swastika outwards.
2 commentsJaimelai
Dupondio TRAJANO RIC 505.jpg
24-22 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)68 viewsAE Dupondio 29 x 27 mm 12.5 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES NERVAE] TRAIANO AVG GE[R DAC P M T]R P COS V [P P]" - Busto radiado con Aegis viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S P Q R O[PTIMO] PRINCIPI - S C" - Pax (La Paz) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda. Su pié derecho sobre un cautivo de Dacia.

Acuñada 103 - 111 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #402 Pag.273 - Cohen Vol.II #410 Pag.60 - BMCRE # 891 - DVM #63/4 Pag.123

Elephant Rider
Bactrian Legend, Kushan Empire
King Huviska 126 to 164 A.D.


Athsho - The Fire God
Four Pronged Tamgha - In Left Field

Copper Tetradrachm = four Drachms
Reference: Similar Mitchner ACW 3289
see this link:
Large Heavy Copper Module
weight: 15.1 Grams; Size: 24 MM
Condition: Looks Very Good
Antonio Protti
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. c. 188-180 B.C.68 viewsSilver hemidrachm, BMC Peloponnesus p. 4, 46; S 3003 var, VF, Elis mint, 2.312g, 12.8mm, 315o, c. 196 - 146 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse large AX monogram in laurel wreath, F - A at sides, CW/CIAC below; Agrinion 334a; BCD 665.1; Benner-Elis-5. ex Coin Galleries auction, 23 November 1963, #423; ex Forum.CGPCGP
Aggregate68 viewsScotvs Capitis
FA027139-0100108-I449. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.0g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 884; C2.
FA027139-0100109-I350. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.68 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right.
Mint marks:
23.8mm; 4.7g; 180 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
RIC VI 885; R.
Faustina II denarius68 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #268 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #2
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG_VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
1 commentsquadrans
POST MEDIEVAL, Hungary, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary, 1637 - 1657.68 viewsIn 1529, Suleiman the Magnificent beseiged Vienna and Ferdinand I's forces managed to defeat him. But Ferdinand himself was absent at the seige having instead retreated to the safety of his lands in Bohemia. 1 commentsgoldcoin
Early Crossbow fibula68 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
France silver.jpg
France - Francs68 viewsKm931.1 - 1/2 Franc - 1968
Km885a.1 - 1 Franc (aluminum) - 1945
Km925.1 - 1 Franc - 1966
Km904.1 - 2 Franc (axe, aluminum) - 1943
Km942.1 - 2 Francs - 1981
Daniel F
Austria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,68 viewsAustria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,
avers:- Facing busts of bishop and duke side by side, above a wall. Above: star between small crosses, 3 balls between busts.
revers:- EBERHARDS EPS, Standing archbishop facing.
diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,80g, axis: 7h,
mint :Rann, mint mark: ,
date: A.D., ref: CNA Ck2. Probszt 23. Rare!
M. Furius Philus - denarius68 viewsM. Furius L(ucii) f(ilius) Philus. 119 BC. AR Denarius, 3.49 g; obv. laureate head of Janus, M•FOVRI•L•F around; rev. Roma standing left erecting trophy, gallic arms around, ROMA to right, PHIL in ex. Crawford 281/1, Syd. 5292 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Galba denarius68 viewsGalba, denarius
RIC 167, RSC 287.
Rome mint, August-October 68 AD.
3.0 gr.
Obv. IMP SER GALBA AVG, his bare head right.
Rev. SPQR OB CS in three lines within oak wreath.

Another addition to my 12 Caesars. An attractive coin with a very strong portrait and the name fully readable. Good silver condition.
2 commentsMarsman
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET, 68 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET,
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDEI PRAET, Legionary eagle (standard) between two standards.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia (Rome ???), date: 253-268 A.D.??, ref: RIC-V-I-568, p-181, Göbl 518,
ENGLAND - GEORGE II68 views1754 Farthing (1/4 Penny). Bust of George II obverse/Reverse: Britannia. Copper. KM-581.2.dpaul7
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 22. Geta, HrHJ (2015) corr. #1 (plate coin)68 viewsGeta as Caesar, AD 198-209
AE 26, 11.38g, 26.03mm, 135°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped only, seen from front, bare-headed, r.
Apollo, naked, laureate, stg. r., with crossed legs, r. hand with arrow raised
behind, l. hand rested on tree before him; at the tree a lizard creeping upwards
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1654 (1 ex., Löbbecke)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3268 var. (cites AMNG 1654 but has OLIT PROC IC!)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. corr. (plate coin, writes "draped and cuirassed")
scarce, about VF, nice green patina
added to

The depiction of Apollon Sauroktonos, a famous statue of Praxiteles, is known from a description by Pliny the Elder. The original is lost but we have 2 copies in the Vatican Museum and the Louvre. on these copies the r. hand is not raised. The statue in the Cleveland Museum of arts, acquired in 2004, is discussed.
[1106a] Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.68 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC 84, RSC 109, VF, Rome, 4.101g, 24.0mm, 0o, 241 - 243 A.D. Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing facing, head right, thunderbolt in left and scepter in right. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Gordian III (238-244 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Relatively few details are known about the five-and-a-half year reign of the teenage emperor Gordian III. Continuity with the Severan era seems to have marked both the policy and personnel of his government. Security along the frontiers remained the most pressing concern, and the young emperor would die while on campaign against the expanding Sassanian empire and its energetic leader, Shapur I.

The future emperor was born in Rome on 20 January 225. His mother was a daughter of the senator Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus (known later to historians as Gordian I). His father was undoubtedly a senator, but the name of his father is today unknown. The father was already dead before the start of the African uprising, involving the boy's grandfather, against the emperor Maximinus Thrax in early 238. At the time of the revolt, Maximinus was in Pannonia leading military campaigns to protect the Danube region. Maximinus' representative in Rome was a loyal Praetorian Prefect, Vitalianus. Gordian I's 13-year-old grandson faced no hardships as a result of the revolt, because Vitalianus was assassinated by agents sent by Gordian I before the African uprising was revealed in Rome.

Senators in Rome quickly acknowledged Gordian I as emperor, but the revolt in Africa was soon suppressed. After the deaths of the boy's grandfather (Gordian I) and uncle (Gordian II) were announced in Rome, probably near the end of April 238, a select group of 20 senators decided upon two of their own, Pupienus and Balbinus, as new emperors who would continue to lead the uprising against Maximinus. Not all senators were pleased with the selections, and they immediately stirred up their clients and dependents to prevent a public proclamation of the new emperors. Pupienus, moreover, had been an unpopular urban prefect, and many ordinary Romans were quite willing to take part in rioting against his accession. The grandson of Gordian I made a perfect focal point to represent the concerns of the critics of Pupienus and Balbinus. The 13-year-old was brought from his home, named Marcus Antonius Gordianus after his grandfather, and proclaimed Caesar and imperial heir by the senate.

After the death of Maximinus at the siege of Aquileia, perhaps in early June 238, conflicts between the two emperors Pupienus and Balbinus, and among the emperors, soldiers and ordinary Romans, came to the fore. Sometime during the summer, soldiers of the Praetorian Guard became unruly during a festival, stormed into the imperial complex on the Palatine, and captured, tortured and killed the emperors. The young Caesar was then proclaimed emperor by both the soldiers and the senate.

Little reliable information is available about the first few years of Gordian III's reign. Pupienus and Balbinus suffered damnatio memoriae, though it is difficult to ascertain how many other members of the senatorial elite (if any) were either dismissed from their posts or executed by the new regime. The families prominent during the Severan dynasty, and even some families prominent under the Antonines, continued to control offices and commands with a teenage emperor on the throne. In 240, an uprising again originated in the province of Africa, with the proconsul Sabinianus proclaimed emperor. Like the uprising of Gordian I in Africa two years earlier, this uprising was quickly suppressed, but unlike the events of 238, the revolt of Sabinianus failed to gain support in other parts of the empire.

In late 240 or early 241, Gordian III appointed Timesitheus as pretorian prefect. Timesitheus, who was of Eastern origin, had a long career in the imperial service as a procurator in provinces ranging from Arabia to Gaul and from Asia to Germany. Timesitheus' proven abilities quickly made him the central figure in Gordian III's government, and the praetorian prefect's authority was enhanced by the marriage of his daughter, Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, to the young emperor in the summer of 241.

Maintaining security along the frontiers remained the emperor's most serious challenge. Difficulties along the Danube continued, but the greater danger was in the East. The aggressive expansion of the renewed Persian empire under the Sassanian emperor Ardashir I continued under his son and successor, Shapur I. The focus of that expansion was in upper Mesopotamia (in what today is southeastern Turkey, northern Syria and northern Iraq), much of which had been under direct Roman control for more than a generation. Ardashir may already have captured Nisibis and Carrhae during the final months of Maximinus' reign. In 240, the ailing Ardashir seems to have made his son Shapur co-regent. During this year Hatra, the location of Rome's easternmost military garrison, (today in northern Iraq roughly 55 miles south of Mosul), was captured by the Sassanians.

Planning for a massive Roman military counterattack was soon underway. Soldiers travelled from the West during the following year, when Carrhae and Nisibis were retaken, and the Romans won a decisive victory at Resaina. Gordian III joined his army in upper Mesopotamia for campaigning in 243, but during the year the emperor's father-in-law, Timesitheus, died of an illness. The surviving Praetorian Prefect, C. Julius Priscus, convinced the emperor to appoint his brother M. Julius Philippus -- who would succeed Gordian III as the emperor Philip the Arab -- as Timesitheus' successor. The campaign against the Sassanians continued as the Roman army proceeded to march down the Euphrates during the fall and early winter.

Early in 244, the Roman and Sassanian armies met near the city of Misiche (modern Fallujah in Iraq, 40 miles west of Baghdad). Shapur's forces were triumphant, and the city was renamed Peroz-Shapur, "Victorious [is] Shapur." Shapur commemorated his victory with a sculpture and trilingual inscription (at Naqsh-i-Rustam in modern-day Iran) that claimed that Gordian III was killed in the battle.

Roman sources do not mention this battle, indicating instead that Gordian III died near Circesium, along the Euphrates some 250 miles upstream from Peroz-Shapur, and that a cenotaph was built at a location named Zaitha. Philip is universally blamed in these sources for causing Gordian III's death, either directly or by fomenting discontent with the emperor by cutting off the troops' supplies. Philip, who was proclaimed Gordian III's successor by the army, seems to have reported that the 19-year-old emperor died of an illness.

However Gordian III died, it seems unlikely to have been as a direct result of the battle at Misiche/Peroz-Shapur. The emperor's Persian campaigns were promoted within the Roman Empire as a success. Other than the loss of Hatra, the Sassanians gained control over no additional territory as a result of the war, and Shapur did not disturb Roman interests in upper Mesopotamia for nearly eight years. Gordian III was deified after his death, and the positive portrayal his reign received was reinforced by the negative portrayals of his successor, Philip.

Gordian III was a child emperor, but his reign was not perceived as having been burdened by the troubles faced by other young emperors (such as Nero, Commodus and Elagabalus). Competent administrators held important posts, and cultural traditions appear to have been upheld. Gordian III's unlikely accession and seemingly stable reign reveal that child emperors, like modern-day constitutional monarchs, had their advantage: a distance from political decision-making and factionalism that enabled the emperor to be a symbol of unity for the various constituency groups (aristocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, urban residents) in Roman society. The paucity of information about Gordian III's reign makes it difficult to know whether the young emperor truly lived up to such an ideal, but the positive historical tradition about him gives one the suspicion that perhaps he did.

Copyright (C) 2001, Michael L. Meckler
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Roman, Gordian III68 viewsGordian III. A.D. 238-244. AR antoninianus (23 mm, 5.05 g, 6 h). Antioch, A.D. 238/9. IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirased bust of Gordian III right / LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing facing, head left, holding pileus and scepter. RIC 186; RSC 127a. Superb EF, spectacular portrait nicely centered on a large flan with nearly full borders and excellent metal.
Thrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square, 68 viewsThrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square,
avers:- Bridled horse prancing right; monogram (NK) below.
revers:- Grape arbor in square; ethnic around, "ΜΑΡ/ΩΝΙ/ΤΩΝ"
exerg: YE , diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Maroneia, Thrace, date: c.400-350 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-632,
68 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter:16 mm, weight: 5,64g, axes: 0h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Thrace, Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonese, Black Sea Area, (4th. Century B.C.), Anokhin-112, AE-16, Π Α Ν , Pegasos right, #268 viewsThrace, Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonese, Black Sea Area, (4th. Century B.C.), Anokhin-112, AE-16, Π Α Ν , Pegasos right, #2
avers: Bearded head of young Pan right.
revers: Π Α Ν Around forepart of Pegasos with curled wing right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,45g, axes: 0h,
mint: Thrace, Pantikapaion, date: 4th. Century B.C., ref: Anokhin-112, Sear 1702,
1 commentsquadrans
Macedonian Kingdom68 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mørkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
hadrian68 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian RIC II, 8168 viewsHadrian AD 117-138
AR- Denar, 3.33g, 17mm
Rome AD 119-122
heroic bust, laureate, drapery on l. shoulder, r.
Aeternitas, draped, standing facing, head l., holding head of Sol in raised r.
and head of Luna in raised l. hand
RIC II, 81; C.1114; BMCR 162
abourt EF

AETERNITAS, personification of eternity, holds Sol and Luna as symbols of eternity too.
4 commentsJochen
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,68 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:- ROMA-FELIX, Roma seated left on curule chair, holding branch and scepter. .
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 264, p-370, RSC 1304, BMCRE ,
3 commentsquadrans
Hadrian Denarius Hispania68 viewsObv.
Bare head right

Hispania reclining left holding branch, rabbit in front
1 commentsancientdave
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.68 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
M. Herennius, Crawford 308/168 viewsM. Herennius, gens Herennia
AR - Denar, 3.91g
Rome 108-107 BC
obv. Head of Pietas, diaden´med and with necklace, r.
PIETAS behind (AT ligate)
rev. One of the Catanian brothers (Anapias or Amphinous), nude, running l.,
carrying his father on his shoulder; he, wearing himation, turns head l. and
has raised r. hand.
behind M.HERENNI (HE ligate)
Crawford 308/1; Sydenham 567; RSC Herennia 1
about EF

The brothers Anapias and Amphinomus rescued their parents at an eription of the volcanus Etna c. 500-400 BC. They became outstanding examles of the Roman pietas. The rev. depiction is similar to that of Aenaeas carrying his father Anchises out of the burning Troy.
2 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Honorius, AE4, A.D.395-423 Constantinople (CONSA)68 viewsObv: D N HONORIVS P F AVG
Rev: Victory Dragging Captive, SALVS REIPVBLICAE
RIC IX 90(c)
Honorius (RIC X 1357)68 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Æ (11 mm, 1.15 g), Rome. Obverse: DN HONORI-(VS PF AVG). Reverse: (VICTOR)-IA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm branch, RM in exergue, T in left field. RIC X 1357, C.jbc
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire68 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire68 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Huszár 199, Unger 116, Réthy I 27968 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 14 mm.

Obv: T-shape with patriarchal cross above, pellets within and above, rosettes below.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 6
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0268 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #02
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/568 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Perseus, Macedon, 178-168 B68 viewsBronze of 19 mm
Bust of Perseus to right wearing winged helm with bird's head at crest
Eagle on thunderbolt B - A above, Pi - E below.
1 commentsDino
Diadumenian, Caesarea Maritima. 217-218 CE. AR 68 views Caesarea Maritima. Diadumenian. 217-218 CE. AR Tetradrachm 15.21g.
OBV:Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
REV:Eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak, on torch with entwined serpent; bucranium between legs. Prieur 1680
1 commentsamibosam
Alexander the Great68 viewsIssuer: Alexander III "the Great"
Date ruled: 336-323 BC

Date struck: 332-326 BC (lifetime)
Mint: Amphipolis, Macedon

Denomination: Tetradrachm
Reference: Price 13

Size: 25 mm
Weight: 17.2 g

Obv: Head of Herakles wearing lion's scalp right
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, legs open, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; amphora in left field

Appears in: Lighting - which one's better?

Click here to see the old photo.
2 commentsViriathus
68 viewsstruck under Tipu Sultan (1782 - 1799 n. Chr.)
uncertain mint in Mysore, India
10.95 g, 23 mm
Obv: Elephant walking left
Rev.: Tusk, symbol of ruler
Roman -Intaglo #011,68 viewsRoman -Intaglo #011,
size: 7x9mm,
weight: 0,46g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
2 commentsquadrans
68 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
r/ XL retrograde
Iovi Conservatori Cldcf68 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, front view, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: IOVICONSERVATORI, SC left and right, low in field
Jupiter naked except for cloak hanging behind him over both arms, standing front, head left, holding thurderbolt in right hand and vertical spear (sceptre?) in left
BMC 61*, RIC 559 (but without Severus Alexander, typo?)
weight, 13.06g; die axis, 6h
A scarce specimen with reverse slightly double struck. A rather thinnish flan
2 commentsmix_val
Bust laureate right, front view, draped (and cuirassed?)
Reverse: IOVIV_L_TORI, SC exergue
Jupiter naked to waist, seated left on throne, holding victory on extended right hand and sceptre in left
BMC 240, RIC 560
Weight, 21.69g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Umayyad - Islamic68 viewsAR Dirham. Umayyad . 91 AH. (710 AD)
Al Walid Bin Abd Al Malik(86-96 AH)
D.: 25 mm
Obv.: In the field, 3 line inscription : "There is no God but/ God alone/ He has no associate" ;
Marginal inscription: "In the name of God this Dirham was stuck in Wasit in the year one and ninety."

Rev.: In the field, 4 line inscription: "God is one,/ God is Eternal: He begets not/ nor is begotten/and none is equal with Him in rank" (Quran: 112: 1-3)
Marginal inscription: "Muhammad is the Apostle of God whom He sent with guidance and the religion of truh that he might make it supreme over all other religions" (Quran 9:33)

2 commentsTanit
[103ist] Istros, Thrace, 400 - 350 B.C.68 viewsSilver stater, SNG Cop 196, S 1669, EF, Istros mint, 5.984g, 17.3mm, 0o, 400 - 350 B.C. Obverse: Facing male heads, right inverted; Reverse: ISTRIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, D between, XPA monogram below. Ex FORVM.

Istros is probably the oldest Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.

The obverse type has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values, by David Sear.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Thrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,68 viewsThrace, Serdica, 050 Iulia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Thrace, Serdica, AE-23, CEPΔΩN, Nemesis,
avers:- IOVΛIA-ΔOMNA-dot-CEBA, Dr. bust right.
revers:- CEP-ΔΩN, Nemesis (??) holding scale and cornucopiae, wheel at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 7,45g, axis: 7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: 170-217 A.D., ref: ??? Not listed ? !?
1 commentsquadrans
064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #168 views064 Iulia Mamaea (190-235 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS GENETRIX, Venus standing left, #1
avers:-IVLIA-MA-MAEA-AVG, Diademed bust right, draped.
revers:-VENVS-GE-N-ETRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-355, p-99, C-72,
68 views12 tray cabinet
ENGLAND - John I68 viewsENGLAND - John I (1199-1216) - Silver penny, Seaby 1350B North 969, VF detail, broken flan, 1.139g, 18.0mm, obverse HENRICVS REX, the S inverted, facing bust, holding scepter; reverse short cross, with four smaller crosses in quadrants. London mint.1 commentsdpaul7
154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 119, AE-3, VOT/V/MVLT/X, in wreath, -/-//BSIRM, Scarce ! #168 views154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 119, AE-3, VOT/V/MVLT/X, in wreath, -/-//BSIRM, Scarce ! #1
avers:- D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, Rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, Jv1-D4.
revers:- No legend, wreath VOT/V/MVLT/X within ,
exergo: -/-//BSIRM, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,40, axis: 1h,
mint: Sirmium,, date: 363-64 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 119, p-394, Scarce !
Julia Domna68 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Draped bust right

Fortuna seated left holding cornucopiae, left arm on rudder

Rome 210 AD

Sear 6583

Beautiful dark patina on this denarius which is almost black on the reverse

ex-Indalo Colecciones

SOLD! Forum Auction January 2017
1 commentsJay GT4
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II AE1, counterfeit? bull68 viewsAE1, 23.3x24.8mm
Bust of Julian right, bearded.
Bull standing on line right, two stars above, small eagle holding wreath under bull's head
ex: mostly off flan, appears to be a C__
Eagle identifies this as Arelatum (Constantina) mint
This may be an ancient counterfeit. Workmanship on the official bulls is usually good. This example has uneven striking, irregular planchet, and crude modelling, especially of the bull.
1 commentsgparch
Roman Empire, Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #168 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #1
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 415, p-380,
1 commentsquadrans
*SOLD*68 viewsJulian II AE 1

Attribution: RIC VIII 164, Constantinople, scarce
Date: AD 361-363
Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVB dot, Apis bull stg. r., two stars above,
palm CONSPA palm in exergue (double struck)
Size: 28.9 mm
Weight: 8.7 grams
4 commentsNoah
Julia Domna - RIC 57768 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Justinian I follis68 viewsFollis, 527-532, Constantinople, 3rd officina, 31mm, 14.4g. vercingetorix
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #0168 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; Lily-Patriarchal Cross, border of dots.
revers:+KAROLVS:REX:hVnGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies; line border.
exe, mint mark: lily/Patriarchal Cross//-- were srucked by Nicolaus Szatmari (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 1,08g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Esztergom, date: 1334 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-378a, CNH-2-008, Huszar-479, Pohl-36-02,
Late Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!68 viewsLate Roman AE-3-Follis, Brockage, Incuse, Revers !!!
revers:- GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.
exergo: -/-//SMN?, diameter: 19,0 mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: h,
mint: Nicomedia , date: , ref: ,
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VII 68 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (faithful and loyal Claudian legion) dates back to the four legions used by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars and played a crucial role in The Battle of Pharsalus in 58 BC, and it existed at least until the end of the 4th century, guarding middle Danube. The emblem of this legion, as well as of all Caesar's legions, was the bull, together with the lion.

Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesar's invasions of Britain.

Tiberius Claudius Maximus the Roman soldier who brought the head of Decebalus to emperor Trajan was serving in Legio VII Claudia.

2 commentsJay GT4
Alexius I AE Tetarteron68 viewsAlexius I
AE Tetarteron 4.29g / 21.5mm / -
- Bust facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform sceptre and globe cross.
- Jewelled cross with globus at each extremity, and X at centre
Mint:Thessalonica (1081-1118 AD)
References: Sear 1931
Scotvs Capitis
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!68 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Antioch, RIC VII 029, -/Γ//SMANT, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI CAES S, R1!
avers:- D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- IOVI CONS ERVATORI CAES S, Γ in right field, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; captive to left.
exergo: -/Γ//SMANT, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-29, p-680,, R1!,
Licinius II RIC VII, Siscia 11568 viewsLicinius II 317-324 Caesar, son of Licinius I
AE - AE 3, 3.08g, 19mm
Siscia 4. officina AD 320
draped, cuirassed bust, laureate head l., holding Victory on globe l. and mappa li., on cuirass head of Medusa
standard with VOT/X between two captives
field: S and F
exergue: Delta SIS star
RIC VII, Siscia 115
R3; VF, from a hoard in Croatia 2004
added to
3 commentsJochen
CHINA - Long Xing Reign68 viewsChina, Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Xioa Zong (1163-1190); Long Xing Reign (1163-1164) 2-Cash. H-17.76, S-699.dpaul7
L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio - Calpurnia-5a68 viewsRoman Republic. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio. 100 B.C. AR Denarius. (3.922 grams 17mm). Obverse: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, harpa; around, PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Reverse: Two male figures (Quaestors) seated on bench (subsellium) side by side; to l. and r., corn-ear; in exergue, AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Sydenham 603, Crawford 330/1a, RCV 210, RSC Calpurnia-5a2 commentsBud Stewart
017. Marcus Antonius.68 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
Post-Gupta, Vardhanas of Thanesar and Kanauj: Harshavardhana (606-647 CE) AR Drachm (MACW-4933)68 viewsObv: Head of king left, wearing a simple crescent-topped crown, hint of legend at left? Perhpas sa for samvat?
Reverse Fan-tailed peacock facing, Brahmi legend around: vijitavanir avanapati sri siladitya
1 commentsSpongeBob
maravedis lot 1.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Spain, Philip IV, 8 Maravedis from Seville 1621-1665 (coin 4)68 viewsobv: Bust right, his inscription around.
rev: Coat of arms.

Note: Note: Philip IV of Castille (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. In his realms he was known as the Planet King, after the Sun (the fourth planet in the astronomy of the time). Thanks Howard Cole for proper ID.
2 commentsJericho
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, AR Denarius, 49-27 BC.68 views
Marcus Antonius Galley | Legion X, Silver Denarius

Obv: Manned Galley right, banner at prow, ANT AVG III VIR [R P C].
Rev: Two military standards with Legionary Eagle between them, LEG X.

Exergue: None.

Mint: Moving mint, perhaps Patrae.
Struck: 32-31 BC.

Size: 17.44 mm.
Weight: 3.24 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Quite good. Beautiful to me! As shown by the photo, in any event, which is quite faithful to the coin in hand.

Sear I, pg. 283, 1479
Crawford Vol. I, pg. 540, 544/24
3 commentsTiathena
Marcus Aurelius Sestertius RIC 96468 viewsAE Sestertius
Marcus Aurelius, Rome Mint, 168-169 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XX III, Laureate and draped bust right
Reverse: SALVTI AVG COS III, Salus feeding snake rising from altar
RIC 964; Cohen 544
28mm, 24.4gm

1 commentsJerome Holderman
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) viewsCaracalla & Julia Domna, AD 198-217
AE26, 11.43g, 26.27mm, 45°
struck under governor Quintilianus
confronted busts of the Imperial pair
Triumphal arch, with two floors, three doors, two windows; above four figures, from
l. to r.: Caracalla with sceptre(?), Severus, Julia Domna, and - a bit smaller - Geta
on r. side E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 695 (1 ex., Mandl)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1041
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
d) BMC 20
rare, about VF/superb EF

This type seems to depict a triumphal arch erected in Marcianopolis. For the 4 figures on top will be no other interpretation possible than that suggested by A.v.Sallet (Cat. Berlin 58, 11) of the Imperial family...So we have in te middle Severus and Domna, on the l. side Caracalla and on the r. side a bit smaller Geta. The triumphal arch seems to be erected under Severus but appears not until Caracalla's sole reign, probably at the beginning because Geta is depicted too (Pick).
3 commentsJochen
Marti Pacifero Cldc68 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #268 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, Siscia, RIC V-II 041var, -/-//SIS, REQVIES OPTOMORVM MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, #2
avers:- DIVO-MAXIMIANO-SEN-FORT-IMP, Laureate and veiled head right, DMa-F1,
revers:- REQVIES-OPTOM-ORVM-MERITORVM, Maximian seated left, raising hand and holding scepter.
exergo: -/-//SIS, diameter: 16mm, weight: 1,13g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 317-18 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-41var, p-429, r4,
1 commentsquadrans
0. Miletus68 viewsMiletus
AR 1/12 stater
c. 500 BC (minted begining 550 and ending 494 when Miletus was destroyed by Persia)

obv. lion head facing right
moneta 291.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Thessalonica - RIC VII 12368 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right
rev: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG VOT XX. VOT XX enclosed in wreath.
exergue: TS epsilon VI
Struck 324 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VII 123 (R2)
Van Meter 79
2 commentsJericho
moneta 428b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Elagabalus, Nikopolis, AE2768 viewsobv: Radiate bust right
rev: Hygeia standing right, feeding serpent from patera.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Nikopolis under Legate Novius Rufus
2 commentsJericho
Italy - Mint Neapolis - BC 350/37068 views1 commentsRugser
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.68 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.

Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.

The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.

Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.

The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Nero AE sestertius, temple of Janus with closed doors 68 viewsNero. AD 54-68. Æ Sestertius (33mm, 24.64 g). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 65. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis / Temple of Janus with closed doors to left hung with garland and latticed window to right. RIC I 2681 commentsmattpat
New Zealand.jpg
New Zealand68 viewsKm31 - 1 Cent - 1975
Km32 - 2 cents - 1982
Km7 - 3 Pence - 1943
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1988
Daniel F
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 13.09g, 27.80mm, 30°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Nike, winged, in slow biga advancing r., holding reins in r. hand and in raised l.
hand wreath and Palm branch.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1546 var. (1 ex., Rollin, wreath not mentioned)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3093 var. (has ICTRW in ex.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare (R6), nice dark green patina
ex coll. Pete Burbules
4 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 14. Septimius Severus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)68 viewsSeptimius Severus, AD 193-211
AE 27, 12.21g, 26.74mm, 45°
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
laureate head r.
river god (Istros?), laureate, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., resting l. arm on
rocks (or urn) from which water flows, holding with r. hand tree with four
foliate twigs.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1310 (3 ex., Paris, Wien, Chaix)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2719
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
rare, VF, dark-green patina

This ex. has clearly NEIPOT on the rev. legend. Others are known with NEIPO or NEIKOP obviously corrected from NEIPOT (Pick).
1 commentsJochen
Siege of Zierikzee, silver klippe of 48 Stuiver, Emission of July 157668 viewsObverse: • + •/• REGIÆ/MAT• RECON/CILIATA • ZI/RIZEA • ZA•/• IVLY • AO/• 1576 • in seven lines across field; all within reeded border
Reverse: Blank
Otho (69 A.D.)68 viewsAR Denarius
O: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TRP - Bare head right.
R: SECVRITAS PR - Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter
Rome Mint, Feb- Mar. 69 A.D.
RIC 8, BMC 18, S 2162, C 17
5 commentsMat
First_RIC 868 viewsThe slightly draped bust dies are few in number. This obverse die was used to mint at least RIC 3, RIC 4, RIC 7 and RIC 8 coins. There is no reason to believe that the draped bust coins formed a special issue.1 commentsjmuona
URBS ROMA (ARLES)68 views330 - 340 AD
AE 17 mm 2.45 g
RIC 373 (R4)
(ex G.Clark)
1 commentslaney
[2410a] Mysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC.68 viewsMysia, Pergamon. Regal Issue, 281-133 BC. AE 14mm (1.94 gm). Obverse: Athena in Attic helmet right. Reverse: ΦIΛE-TAIPOY; bow. SNG France 5, 1683. Good very fine. Ex Tom Vossen.

The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of The Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It was planned by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was built over a period from 1910 to 1930. It houses original-sized, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar. Sections of The Telephos Frieze, originaly composed of the sequnce of 52 panels--only some scenes of this beautiful frieze were "saved" by German archeologists in the 19th century--are exhibited there.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC–197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC–158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–129 BC)

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Athena * Protome Horse - Pharsalos, Thessaly – AR Hemidrachm * 480-450 BC.68 views
Athena * Horse head - Pharsalos, silver half-drachm.

Obv: Athena in Attic-styled crested helmet facing right.
Rev: Protome of horse facing right within incuse square. ΦΑΡ, vertical in right field.

Exergue: None

Mint: Pharsalos
Struck: 480-450 BC.

Size: 14.64 x 12.80 (oblong flan)
Weight: 2.65 gms.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: Beautifully worn.

SNG Cop. 218
Sear, GC. Vol. I, p. 209; 2187

Status: TCJH, Private Collection
Greek, Thrace, Mesembria, Alexander III, AR tetradrachm.68 views Mesembria mint (Thrace). Struck 250-175 BC. Obv.: Head of Herakles right in lionskins. Rev.: Zeus seated left with eagle & scepter; IДИ and Corinthian helmet left, monogram under throne.2 commentsseleukoy
Roman Republic, Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius68 viewsRoman Republic • Q. Antonius Balbus 83-2 B.C., Serrate Denarius
3.63g, 5h, Rome Mint.
Laureate Head of Jupiter right, SC behind/Victory driving quadriga right, holding reins, palm frond and wreath, B below horses.
Crawford 364/1dSydenham 742b, Antonia 1.
CNG grade: Superb EF, lightly toned. My annotation: Reverse struck off center.
Larry M2
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0368 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Alexander the Great, plated tetradrachm, imitating one of Pella mint68 views28mm, 10.97g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, Macedonian helm to left, monogram below throne
seems to match most closely Price 625 but the monogram seems to have only two cross bars instead of three
ex Gitbud & Naumann
CLICK picture for a larger, sharper version
Poland - Groszy68 viewsY276 - 1 Grosz - 2000
Yaa47 - 10 Groszy - 1968–MW
Y280 - 20 Groszy - 1991
Y13 - 50 Groszy - 1923
Daniel F
Amisos, Pontos, AE 19; Ares/ sword in sheath with strap68 viewsPontos, Amisos, under Mithradates VI, AE19. Mithradates VI Eupator 120-63 B.C. 19mm, 7.6g. Obverse: helmeted head of Ares right. Reverse: sword in sheath with strap, monograms. Attribution: BMC p.17, #46. Ex areich, photo credit areich1 commentsPodiceps
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC 74.jpg
Postumus MINER FAVTR RIC V/2 7468 viewsAnt, 22mm, 3.58g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MINER FAVTR, Minerva running L with olive branch and spear and shield.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 2.

RIC 74, Common.
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,68 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 323, Trier, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,
avers: IMP-C-POSTVMVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENT-IA-AVG, Providentia standing left,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5 mm, weight: 2,45g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 263-265 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-323-p-,
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear. (F-var with spear, Not in RIC)
revers:- _VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, holding sceptre and crowning trophy; to left, captive.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 243 var (Not in RIC), p-42,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
Egypt, Alexandria, 112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, Eagle left, L-Z, across the field,68 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3155, D-5555, Eagle left, L-Z, across the field,
avers:- A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, head right, his beak wreath, L-Z, across the field.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 7,38g, axes: 11h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 281-282 A.D., L-Z Year 7., ref: Geissen-3155, Dattari-5555, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.38-p340,
EGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos68 viewsEGYPT - Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 B.C.) Year Δ (267 BC) Bronze Denomination E. Obv.: Horned head of deified Alexander in elephant headdress right; dotted border. Rev.: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on right. Eagle with spread wings standing left on thunderbolt, head left. Dotted border. Central depression on reverse. Delta between legs. References: SV-439; SNG Cop. 158. dpaul7
Ptolemy XII, tetradrachm68 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysos, 80 - 51 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1839; BMC 117, 35; SNG Cop 396, gVF, toned, Paphos mint, 13.683 g, 25.9 mm, 0o, 52 - 51 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I or XII? right, wearing aegis; reverse “PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS”, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, date “IKQ” (year 29) and crown of Isis left, “PA ” right. Ptolemy XII was a weak and unpopular ruler. He was awarded the belittling title Auletes - the flute player. Disposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, the famous Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt. Minted under Roman supervision. About 33% silver. ex FORVM1 commentsPodiceps
Rabbel II and Gamilat (1)68 viewsjuggate busts of Rabbel and Gamilat
reverse: aramaic legend "Rabbel/Gamilath" in 2 lines
similar to Meshorer 163?
Kwangtung 68 viewsBoo-Guwang
Kwangtung Province
Daniel F
RI 064bt img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 49468 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius Severus in military dress on horseback right, holding spear
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 197
References:– RIC 494 (Scarce), RSC 580
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064fi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -68 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
RI 130t img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 041 var.68 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field / IIII in exe), Emission 8, Officina 4, between June and July A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 74, RIC Unlisted 41 var. Bastien 120. Bust Type C, not listed with this officina
RI 132ev img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 731 - Bust Type F (Siscia) (II / XXI)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Victory standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear
Minted in Siscia (II in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 9 Officina 2. A.D. 282
Reference:– Alföldi type 57, n° 90. RIC 731 Bust type F
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 323 Bust type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– CONCORD AVG, Concordia standing right, holding two ensigns and facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 323 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 155b img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Heraclea 017 (MHTΔ)68 viewsObv:– IMP LICINIVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing Imperial mantle and holding mappa, sceptre and globe
Rev:– PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, Campgate with 3 turrets, no door, 2 stars above, 7 rows of bricks
Minted in Heraclea (MHTΔ in exe.) in A.D. 317
References:– RIC VII Heraclea 17 (R2)
Septimius Severus Denarius RIC 43368 viewsEmesa mint, Septimius Severus Denarius, 195 A.D. AR 17mm 2.25g, RIC 433, RSC 659, BMC 406
O: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
R: TR P III IMP V COS II, Parthian captive seated right, hands bound, amidst arms
3 commentscasata137ec
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 038, Lugdunum, Bust F (B), -/-//III, MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, 68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 038, Lugdunum, Bust F (B), -/-//III, MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right,
avers: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (3,F/B),
revers: MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//III, diameter: 23,0mm, weight: 4,13g, axis: 7h,
mint: Lugdunum, 4th. emiss, date: VI - XII 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 038, p-23, C-, Bastien 194,
1 commentsquadrans
Vespasian RIC-51468 viewsAR Denarius, 3.32g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C), BMC 101, RSC 516
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
Acquired from Sergey Nechayev, September 2010.

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
RIC 0588 Vespasianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS, Laureate head left
Rev : AEQVITAS AVGVST / S - C, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left
AE/As (27.47 mm 10.60 g 6h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 588 (R), BMCRE unlisted, BNF unlisted
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0609 Domitianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC - SVF P D on platform; S-C in exergue; Domitian seated left on platform, extending right hand to citizen, standing right, extending right hand also; between them, child standing right, raising hands; in background, four-column temple
AE/Sestertius (35.89 mm 21.59 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D.
RIC 609 (C), BMCRE 428, BNF 462
ex CNG eAuction 361 Lot 922
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0640 Domitianus68 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right, with aegis
Rev: S-C, in exergue; Domitian standing left, with thunderbolt and spear, crowned by Victory, standing left
AE/Sestertius (35.88 mm 27.28 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88-89 A.D.
RIC 640 (R), BMCRE 410, BNGìF unlisted
Purchased from Dr. Busso Peus on MA-Shops
12 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0747 Domitianus68 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS AVGVSTUS, Laureate head right
AU/Aureus (19.44 mm 7.435 g 6h) Struck in Rome 92-94 A.D.
RIC 747 (C), BMCRE 211, BNF 187
ex Inasta Auction 11 lot 339
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spred quadriga, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spred quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- SO-LI-INVICT-O, Sol left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergo: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 23-23,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-911, p118, 4th. emission,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #168 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 921-1-2, Antioch, Bust:C(A2), B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C/A2),
revers:- CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, 1st. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 921-1-2, p-120,
668 viewsPostumus
AE 42 mm
Trier Mint (?)
1 commentsmauseus
Rome 28468 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
Rome, Lead Seal, #16,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #16,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #17,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #17,quadrans
Rome, Lead Seal, #18,68 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #18,quadrans
RPC-1970-Vespasian68 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 14.25g
Antioch mint, 69 AD
RPC 1970 (9 spec.)
Rev: ETOYC NEOY IEPOY A; Eagle with wreath in beak standing, l. on club; in l. field, palm branch
Acquired from Tom Cederlind, October 2014.

Vespasian was proclaimed emperor in Alexandria Egypt on 1 July 69 and the legions in Antioch followed suit a week or so later. "At Antioch gold and silver currencies were struck" according to Tacitus in 'The Histories' - and here is one of those coins. Struck between mid July and 30 September 69 this early tetradrachm was probably minted to help finance Vespasian's rise to the purple. These issues are found in hoards all over Judaea, indicating they were also used to pay the legions stationed there involved with crushing the ongoing Jewish revolt. This coin even now has some of the Judaean dirt still clinging to it.

Struck in good 'Antioch' style the coin is better in hand than my feeble attempt at photography would otherwise indicate.

2 commentsDavid Atherton
NERO (54-68 AD), AE dupondius, Victory, struck ca. 64 AD68 viewsObverse- NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P, radiate head right.
Reverse- VICTORIA AVGVSTI/ S-C, Victory flying left, holding wreath, II (mark of value) in exergue.
RIC 196 (?), 34.5 mm, 15.5 g.
Ex- Mike R. Vosper Coins, UK, November 2011, through eBay.
Comments: Here's a thick and chunky orichalcum dupondius with some of the brassy color showing. I just liked the look of it. What's fun is that the rendering of Victory's wing makes it look like a space shuttle is flying behind her and is about to whack her in the head! Just imagine what flights of fancy some "ancient aliens" theorists could come up with, using this coin as "evidence"!
2 commentslordmarcovan
Billion trachy lg module, clipped type 0 SB 203568 viewsObverse: Christ stg on dias fr. hand raised in benediction
Reverse: Emperor wearing stemma, short military tunic, breastplate, sagion holding labarum in r. and gl cr. in l.
Mint: Constantinople
Date:1230- 1260 CE
Sear 2035 Hendy type O attributed mostly to Baldwin de Courtenai by Malloy et al
18mm .51gm
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 19268 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.18g, 20mm
Rome issue 9, AD 228
head laureate r.
Felicitas draped, standing front, head l., sacrificing out of patera in r. hand over
garlanded altar l., and holding long caduceus vertically in l. hand.
RIC IV/3, 192; C.45 (Paris); BMC 498
EF, mint state with luster, wonderful reverse
added to
1 commentsJochen
(0222) Severus Alexander (unlisted)68 views222 - 235 AD
Struck 228 AD
AE Dupondius 24 mm 8.86 g
Obv: RIM CAES...
Rad. Dr. Bust R
Pax adv. L holding palm branch and scepter
(Rome) Not listed in RIC or BMC
L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla - Manlia-468 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC L. Manlius Torquatus and L. Cornelius Sulla. 82 BC. Denarius. Mint moving with Sulla. L. MANLI before, PRO.Q behind, helmeted Roma right / Sulla, being crowned by Victory, in quadriga right; L SVLLA IM in exergue. Crawford 367/5; Syd 757; SRCV 286: Manlia-44 commentsBud Stewart
SWEDEN -- JOHAN III 68 viewsSWEDEN -- JOHAN III (1568-1592) AR 1/2-Ore, 1583. Obv.: Crowned Swedish arms DIVIDES DATE 8 - 3; MONETA NOVA • REG • SVECI Rev.: Crowned Vasa arms divide •I - R• monogram; IOHANNES • 3 • D • G • SVECI • REX Reference: SM #92.dpaul7
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia stg. l., holding baton in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet to l., globe, (Pr2).
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-92, T-(Estiot)-3530,
1 commentsquadrans
Taras, Calabria68 views281-228 BC
AR Obol (9mm, 0.31g)
O: Kantharos; three pellets around.
R: Kantharos; tripod to right.
Vlasto 1642v; SNG ANS 1549v; SNG Cop 1075; HN Italy 1076; Sear 356v (K to left)

The 3rd century was one of great change for Taras, who saw their democracy shatter and their influence evaporate. After repeated conflicts with Rome, Taras finally submitted to a Roman garrison in 272 BC.
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III, tetradrachm, Macedonian mint (Amphipolis?)68 views336-323 BC (lifetime)
24-26 mm, 17.14 g
obv: head of Herakles wearing lion skin right
rev: Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right; to left, janiform-head vase
(Price p. 89, 6.)

ex Auctiones GmbH, eAuction #5, Lot 9
2 commentsareich
1505c, Theodosius I, 379 - 395 A.D. (Constantinople)68 viewsTheodosius I (379 - 395 AD) AE3. 388-394 AD, RIC IX 27(a)3, Third Officina. Seventh Period. 20.27 mm. 4.8gm. Near VF with black and earthen patina. Constantinople. Obverse: DN THEODO-SIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLORIA-ROMANORVM, Theodosius I standing, facing, holding labarum and globe, CONSB in exergue (scarcer reverse). A Spanish find.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

THEODOSIUS I (379-395 A.D.)
David Woods
University College of Cork

Origin and Early Career
Flavius Theodosius was born at Cauca in Spain in about 346 to Thermantia and Theodosius the Elder (so-called to distinguish him from his son). Theodosius the Elder was a senior military officer serving in the Western empire and rose to become the magister equitum praesentalis under the emperor Valentinian I from late 368 until his execution in early 375. As the son of a soldier, Theodosius was legally obliged to enter upon a military career. He seems to have served under his father during his expedition to Britain in 367/8, and was the dux Moesiae Primae by late 374. Unfortunately, great controversy surrounds the rest of his career until Gratian had him hailed as his imperial colleague in succession to the emperor Valens at Sirmium on 19 January 379. It is clear that he was forced to retire home to Spain only to be recalled to active service shortly thereafter, but the circumstances of his forced retirement are shrouded in mystery. His father was executed at roughly the same time, and much speculation has centred on the relationship between these events.

[For a very detailed and interesting discussion of the Foreign Policy of Theodosius and the Civil Wars that plagued his reign, please see]

Family and Succession
Theodosius married twice. His first wife was the Spanish Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. She bore him Arcadius ca. 377, Honorius on 9 September 384, and Pulcheria ca. 385. Theodosius honoured her with the title of Augusta shortly after his accession, but she died in 386. In late 387 he married Galla, daughter of Valentinian I and full-sister of Valentinian II. She bore him Gratian ca. 388, Galla Placidia ca. 388/390, and died in childbirth in 394, together with her new-born son John. Of his two sons who survived infancy, he appointed Arcadius as Augustus on 19 January 383 and Honorius as Augustus on 23 January 393. His promotion of Arcadius as a full Augustus at an unusually young age points to his determination right from the start that one of his own sons should succeed him. He sought to strengthen Arcadius' position in particular by means of a series of strategic marriages whose purpose was to tie his leading "generals" irrevocably to his dynasty. Hence he married his niece and adoptive daughter Serena to his magister militum per Orientem Stilicho in 387, her elder sister Thermantia to a "general" whose name has not been preserved, and ca. 387 his nephew-in-law Nebridius to Salvina, daughter of the comes Africae Gildo. By the time of his death by illness on 17 January 395, Theodosius had promoted Stilicho from his position as one of the two comites domesticorum under his own eastern administration to that of magister peditum praesentalis in a western administration, in an entirely traditional manner, under his younger son Honorius. Although Stilicho managed to increase the power of the magister peditum praesentalis to the disadvantage of his colleague the magister equitum praesentalis and claimed that Theodosius had appointed him as guardian for both his sons, this tells us more about his cunning and ambition than it does about Theodosius' constitutional arrangements.

Theodosius' importance rests on the fact that he founded a dynasty which continued in power until the death of his grandson Theodosius II in 450. This ensured a continuity of policy which saw the emergence of Nicene Christianity as the orthodox belief of the vast majority of Christians throughout the middle ages. It also ensured the essential destruction of paganism and the emergence of Christianity as the religion of the state, even if the individual steps in this process can be difficult to identify. On the negative side, however, he allowed his dynastic interests and ambitions to lead him into two unnecessary and bloody civil wars which severely weakened the empire's ability to defend itself in the face of continued barbarian pressure upon its frontiers. In this manner, he put the interests of his family before those of the wider Roman population and was responsible, in many ways, for the phenomenon to which we now refer as the fall of the western Roman empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, David Woods.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

There is a nice segue here, as we pick-up John Julius Norwich's summation of the reign of Theodosius, "Readers of this brief account of his career may well find themselves wondering, not so much whether he deserved the title of 'the Great' as how he ever came to acquire it in the first place. If so, however, they may also like to ask themselves another question: what would have been the fate of the Empire if, at that critical moment in its history after the battle of Adrianople, young Gratian had not called him from his Spanish estates and put the future of the East into his hands? . . . the probability is that the whole Empire of the East would have been lost, swallowed up in a revived Gothic kingdom, with effects on world history that defy speculation.

In his civil legislation he showed, again and again, a consideration for the humblest of his subjects that was rare indeed among rulers of the fourth century. What other prince would have decreed that any criminal, sentenced to execution, imprisonment or exile, must first be allowed thirty days' grace to put his affairs in order? Or that a specified part of his worldly goods must go to his children, upon whom their father's crimes must on no account be visited? Or that no farmer should be obliged to sell his produce to the State at a price lower than he would receive on the open market?

Had he earned his title? Not, perhaps, in the way that Constantine had done or as Justinian was to do. But, if not ultimately great himself, he had surely come very close to greatness; and had he reigned as long as they did his achievements might well have equalled theirs. He might even have saved the Western Empire. One thing only is certain: it would be nearly a century and a half before the Romans would look upon his like again" (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, the Early Centuries. London: Penguin Group, 1990. 116-7;118).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
GREEK, Thessalian League Apollo Drachm68 views196-146 B.C.
4.15 gm, 18.5 mm
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right, ΓAYANA (magistrate) behind
Rev: Athena Itonia standing right, with shield and about to hurl spear, ΘEΣΣA - ΛΩN to sides, bunch of grapes on vine right, Π-O / Λ-Y (magistrate) across lower fields
Sear 2234 var.; BMC Thessaly p.4, 36-37; (SNG Cop 300)
RIC 115 Titus Denarius68 viewsTitus Denarius
Laureate head right

Elephant, wearing armor, walking left


Rome 80 AD.
RIC 115 (C2); Cohen 303; BMC 44

Very scarce

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities

Thick black toning on this denarius makes it tough to photograph. Much nicer in hand.

Commemorates the completion and dedication of the Colosseum and the opening of games in 80 AD, after ten years of construction.
2 commentsJay GT4
Trajan Provincial68 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Tridrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. 112-114 A.D. (10.09g, 23.33mm) Obv: AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAI]ANOC CEB GEPM DAK, Laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder. Rev: DHMAPX EX YPA TO C, Distyle temple with eagle in pediment, Cult image of Artemis of Perge within.
SNG ANS 1160; Syd 190

Ex: Holding History
1 commentsPaddy
Trajan Æ Sestertius. SPQR Via Traiana RIC 636v68 viewsTrajan Æ Sestertius. ca 115-116 AD. Laureate head right / VIA TRAIANA/S C in two lines in exergue, the Via Traiana reclining left on rock, head right, holding wheel & branch. Cohen 649 cf.

The Via Traiana, constructed at Trajan's own expense between 109 AD and 113 AD, replaced the Via Appia as the usual route between Brindisium to Beneventum.
1cm Tranquillina68 viewsAE Deultum, Thrace

Draped bust, right, SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG

Deultum, Thrace, COL FL PAC DEVLT, Genius naked holding Patera and branch

Moushmov 3745
Severina (Ulpia), AE-Antoninianus RIC V-I-01868 viewsSEVERINA AE Antoninianus. Cyzicus mint. 21 mm dia.
Obverse - SEVERINA AVG, diademed & draped bust right on crescent
Reverse - CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding two standards
mintmark XXI.
unk Pentanummium 68 viewsReverse: large E
Reverse: Diad., draped and Cuir facing rt.
Mint: ?
Date: ?
10mm, 1.58g
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, AE3 ISSUE of Cyzicus. Struck A.D.331 under Constantine I.68 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA. Helmeted and plumed bust of Roma facing left.
Reverse: No legend. She-wolf standing facing left, suckling Romulus and Remus; above, two stars; in exergue, SMKΔ.
RIC VII : 91.
USA - 1849 Large Cent68 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #0168 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-094, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: Patriarchal cross on double arch between two crescents containing star, two dots and two lines, border of dots.
revers: Four crescents containing crosses, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,0 mm, weight: 0,21g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-094, CHN-1-127, Huszar-116, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Vespasian-RIC-1412A68 viewsAR Denarius, 3.07g
Ephesus mint, 70 AD
RIC 1412A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r., horizontal Φ
Acquired from Munthandel G Henzen, February 2017.

A previously unknown type for Vespasian's Ephesian denarii dated COS II (group 3). Before this specimen surfaced the Victory advancing right type was only known for COS III (group 5) and later issues at Ephesus. Normally for COS II Victory is advancing left, so, this is the earliest example of the Victory advancing right. The mint mark is a bit obscured, but under examination with a loupe I believe it to be Φ. I alerted Ted Buttrey about the coin and he has assigned it as RIC 1412A in the upcoming RIC II Addenda.

Good Ephesian style and large flan. Better in hand.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
v2053LG bk.jpg
INDIA, Gupta Empire, Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), AR Drachm68 views12mm, 2.2 grams
obv: Bust of king, right
rev: Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'.

From the dealer's description/background:
"The early Gupta drachmas were derived from the earlier coins of Kshatrapas (obverse was practically unchanged, while the mountain on reverse was replaced with the image of Garuda)."

"The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. The Chinese traveller I-tsing provides the first evidence of the Gupta kingdom in Magadha. He came to India in 672 CE and heard of 'Maharaja Sri-Gupta' who built a temple for Chinese pilgrims near Mrigasikhavana. I-tsing gives the date for this event merely as '500 years before'. This does not match with other sources and hence we can assume that I-tsing's computation was a mere guess.

The most likely date for the reign of Sri-Gupta is c. 240-280 CE His successor Ghatotkacha ruled probably from c. 280-319 CE In contrast to his successor"
Valentinian I RIC IX 14a68 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
emperor walking right, head turned back, holding labarum and dragging captive. Left field: F, right field: R over hooked A.
BSISCS dot in ex.
18mm 2.3 gm
Valentinian II, Constantinople RIC IX-63a68 viewsAE4
Constantinople mint, 378-383 A.D.
13mm, 1.57g
RIC IX-63a

Pearl-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Legend in wreath
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--GLORIA (GALLEY)68 views370 - 392 AD
AE 23 mm 5.37 g
RIC IX Nicomedia 25b-5

3 commentslaney
Valerian Tet.JPG
Valerian AE Tetradrachm, Alexandria68 viewsEgypt , Alexandria, AE Tetradrachm, 256 AD

Obverse: AK P L I OVA EPIANOC EVEVC, Laureate cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: L (Delta) across field, Nike advancing right.

24mm, 9.6gm

Emmett 3713(4), Milne 3925.

3 commentsJerome Holderman
Vandal Civic Issue68 viewsObverse: Diademed and draped bust left, holding palm
Reverse: N/IIII in two lines across fields; – above N
Mint : Carthage
Date : circa 523-533
Reference : MIB I, 20 (Gelimer); BMC Vandals 12 (Huneric); MEC 1, 55
Grade : VF
Weight : 1.05g
Denom : Nummi
Metal : AE
Acquired: 01/05/06
Comments : brown patina (11mm)
1 commentsBolayi
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0168 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #01
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5-12,5mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.68 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6968 viewsÆ as (9.5g, Ø28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)68 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria68 views380-325 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (7mm, 0.15g, 7h)
O: Head of nymph Satyra right, within dotted border.
R: Kantharos; three pellets around.
Vlasto 1220
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsEnodia
VBERITAS AVG68 viewsVolusianus antoninianus
Antiochia mint
bust seen from front
Weight-Q-017_AE_68 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weight68 viewsCoin Weight, France; Louis XIIII, 1 Pistol, English weightPodiceps
L. Flaminius Cilo68 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
67 viewsSCOTLAND, Communion Tokens. Dalziel. Robert Clason
Minister, circa 1786-1801
PB Token (20mm, 3.15 g)
Dated 1798
Dalzel/ R C/ 1798
Barzinski 1873; Brook -

Museum number in india ink on reverse: 5971730 (?)

Ex Lockdale's 83 (27 March 2011), lot 1112
2 commentsArdatirion
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.67 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
Roman Empire, Domitian.67 viewsAR denarius. 92 AD. 3,18 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI / Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column,brandishing javelin and armed with shield. Owl at feet. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P.
Old RIC 167a. New RIC 730. RSC 273.
2 commentsbenito
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Sestertius67 viewsRIC II 589b Rome, BMC 1023, C120
26.08 gm, 33 mm
IMP CASESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate heroic bust right, drapery on left shoulder.
PROVIDENTIA DEORVM S C, Hadrian standing front, head left, looking towards eagle flying right, raising right hand to receive a sceptre from it and holding roll in left.
2 commentsMark Z
ROMAN EMPIRE, PLAUTILLA Denarius RIC 36967 viewsRome mint, AD 204
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, leaning on shield, Cupid at her feet
3.4 gr
Ref : RCV # 7074, RIC IV # 369
2 commentsPotator II
Plautilla, Provincial - Caesaraea drachm67 viewsCappadocia, Caesaraea - Eusebia), AD 205.
ΦΟΥΛΟΥΙ ΠΛΑΥ ΑΥ, draped bust right
ΜΗΤΡΟ ΚΑΙCΑ, Agalma of Mt. Argaeus with star. In ex., CΤΙΓ : regnal year 13 of Sept. Severus, 205 AD
2.69 g, 19mm
Ref : Sydenham -; SNG Copenhagen -; Sear 2775v.
Sydenham-Malloy, p. 152, no. 496b
cf. Lanz auction # 117/956
thanks to Curtis Clay for additionnal information
Potator II
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,67 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus Sestertius67 viewsRIC III 307b Rome, C 4
20.87 g, 31 mm
181 AD.
M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right
ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Annona standing, head left, with corn ears over patera & cornucopiae
Mark Z
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, Rome, AR-Denarius, AVG V R/TRI POT, Sacrificial implements, #367 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, Rome, AR-Denarius, AVG V R/TRI POT, Sacrificial implements, #3
avers:- IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, Laureate head right.
revers:- AVG V R/ TRI-POT, Sacrificial implements: simpulum, aspergillum, jug and lituus.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 72-73 A.D., ref: RIC 0356, RIC (1962) 042, RSC-45,
2 commentsquadrans
Diadumenian, Denarius - *67 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Titus RIC-124a (1)67 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2), BMC 61, RSC 313a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, triangular frame with five palmettes
Acquired from The Coin Cabinet, September 2009.

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
Caracalla Orichalcum Sestertius67 viewsRIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same)., C198, BMCRE V 235
24.18 g, 30 mm
P M TR P XV COS III P P, S-C across fields, Mars standing l., holding Victory in r. hand and resting l. hand on shield, spear against l. arm; at feet, l., captive seated
RIC 490a var (consular year); Cohen 198 var (same). (RIC lists only COS IIII for this reverse and obverse.)
2 commentsMark Z2
Probus67 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted, heroically nude bust left, with spear and aegis, seen from back.
RV: VOTIS X ET XX FEL within laurel wreath, in 3 lines.
Leg: -
Ex: -
RIC 459var.
var = unlisted with this bust type
very rare
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Valerian, Antoninianus67 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM, Fides Militum standing left, holding two standards
3.66 gr
Ref : RCV # 9938(45), Cohen # 65
3 commentsPotator II
Gallienus Antoninianus67 viewsGöbl MIR 1634i, SRCV 10290 var (various mintmarks), RIC V 651 var (same) Antioch, AHG 407 (this coin); 265 A.D.
3.531g, 21.8mm, 180o
GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind
MINERVA AVG, Minerva standing right, helmeted, spear in right, resting left hand on shield set on ground
Notes: From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.
Not recorded in RIC without either a branch or SPQR in exergue.
MIR records only 2 examples of this variety
Ex: Malloy Antiquities, FORVM
3 commentsMark Z
Aurelian, Aurelianus67 viewsAurelianus minted in Serdica, AD 274-275
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelianus right
RESTITUT OR BIS, Pax with laurel wreath she gives to Aurelian. In field *, at ex. KA.A.
4.15 gr
Ref : RCV #11592, Cohen #192
Potator II
Severina, AE Denarius - *67 viewsRome mint, 5 th officina, AD 274-275.
SEVERINA AVG, draped and diademed bust right.
VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding seated figure and sceptre. Є at exergue.
2.46 gr, 19-20 mm
RIC V 1 # 6, RCV # 11710, C # 14
5 commentsPotator II
Lydia, Hermokapelia, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), AE-15, 67 viewsLydia, Hermokapelia, 050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Lydia, Hermokapelia, AE-15,
avers:- IOVΛ(ΙΑ-ΔOΜΝΑ)-CEBACT_Draped bust right.
revers:- ΕΡΜΟΚΑΠΛΕΙΤ, .
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 14-15mm, weight: 1,72g, axis: 7h,
mint: Lydia, Hermokapelia, date: A.D., ref: ???,
2 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #167 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #167 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian, AD 81-9667 viewsAR denarius, 19 mm (3.21 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, eagle standing facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. Ephesus (?) mint, struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1492 (R); BMCRE II, 487; RSC II, 045c var. (no annulet noted); RPC II, 1466.
3 commentssocalcoins
210 Gordian III67 viewsRef Gordian III AR Antoninianus, RIC 86, RSC 121
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing right with wreath & rudder . RSC 121.
4.7 g.

better photo
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Aquilia Severa (second and fourth wife of Elagabalus), 220–2 CE 67 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 221 CE; 20mm, 3.20g. BMCRE 335, RIC 226, RSC 2. Obv: IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG; draped bust right. Rx: CONCORDIA; Concordia standing half-left, sacrificing from patera over lighted altar, holding double cornucopia, star in field right.

Notes: Sixth issue of the reign of Elagabalus (April 220–April 221). Rare variant of Aquilia's “Concordia standing” reverse with the star in the right field rather than the left.

Provenance: Ex Roma II (2 October 2011), lot 719.
1 commentsMichael K5
Trajan Denarius - Pax (RIC 190a)67 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 103-107 AD

Obv: Laureate draped bust of Trajan (R).

Rev: PAX (Peace) standing (L) holding Branch and Cornucopia, resting foot on a Dacian captive.

RIC II 190a RSC 405a
2 commentsKained but Able
Carradice Type IV AR 1/4 Siglos - Time of Darius III67 viewsPERSIA, Achaemenid Empire.
Time of Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C.
AR 1/4 Siglos (0.7mm, 1.24 g).
Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance right, holding dagger in his right and bow in his left bow / Incuse punch.
Carradice Type IV; S 4683. F, toned.

Provenance: Harlan J Berk
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #167 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VI 015, AE-Radiate Fraction, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius and Jupiter #1
avers:- FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Constantius standing facing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing opposite and holding sceptre, H B in lower centre.
exerg: HB//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015, p-351,
110 Domitian67 viewsDomitian A.D. 81-96
AR Denarius

Domitian Denarius. 92 AD.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right,

IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, holding spear.

RSC 271 RIC 733 ex W. Phillips

Jan - Sept 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
1800 Maundy Penny NGC AU5867 viewsGreat Britain 1800 Maundy Penny NGC AU58
*no dots between titles on obverse.
2 commentsrexesq
Aluminium-Bronze 1 Kroon.67 viewsEstonia. Republic (1918-1941) Aluminium-Bronze 1 Kroon

Denomination 1 Kroon
Date Struck 1934
Mint Tallinn
Obv: Arms of State, date in exe.
Rev: Norse Longboat sailing left.
Weight 5 gm.
Diameter 25 mm
Grade VF.
Material Aluml-Bronze
Mintage 3406066, Reference Eesti Vabariigi mündid ja paberrahad, Gunnar Haljak. Väljaandja Tallinn 2008
3 commentsGaiusCaligula
Lampsakos, Mysia67 views390-330 BC
AR Trihemiobol (10mm, 1.32g)
O: Janiform female head, wearing tainia and earring.
R: Head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet.
SNG France 1195; Sear 3893; BMC 15 83,43
1 commentsEnodia
Antoninus Pius, as (Boyd collection)67 viewsAntonino Pio (138-161), asse, zecca di Roma (148 d.C.), AE, 14.22 gr, 26,0 mm, BB+ (VF+)
D/ ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XI, testa laureata dell'imperatore a dx
R/ COS IIII, VOTA, SC, Antonino Pio sacrifica davanti a tripode, con pergamena nella sx
RIC 852a; RCV 4323
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (9 luglio 2008, numero catalogo 19), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins New York-London, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005), ex W. C. Boyd collection (London, dicembre 1901), ex Edgar Lincoln collection (London, prima del 1901).
Fausta (324 - 326 A.D)67 viewsÆ 3
O: FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, Mantled bust right. Bare headed; waved hair drawn into a bun at the back.
R: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, head left, holding Constantine II and Constantius II as babies.
STR dot-in-crescent
RIC 483
3 commentsMat
Lydia, Sardeis, Gordian III67 viewsSardes, Lydia, AE24. AUT KAIC M ANT GORDIANOC, Laureate, draped bust right / EPI ROUFEINOU CARDIANWN B NEWKORWN around wreath containing bucranium and torch.

BMC 189, SNG Copenhagen 536, SNG Tuebingen 3824.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Glass Bottle, Late 2nd - 4th Century A.D.67 viewsOlive-green bottle; Isings Form 102a, cf. Ontario Museum 209
12.7 cm (5") tall
Choice, clear olive-green, cylindrical body widening slightly from shoulder to base,
flat shoulder, cylindrical short neck, flared rim
intact with some cracks, attractive weathering
Ex: FORVM, Alex Malloy Collection
(Notes and Picture from FORVM website)
3 commentsMark Z
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 38 - Silver Drachm 67 views480/478 – 470 B.C.
3.24 gm., 14 mm.
Obv: Anchor; blank to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Gorgon head facing in archaic Ionian style with hair in pellets
Topalov Apollonia p. 584, 38
BMC Mysia p.8, 3, Pl.II, 2

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: First Early Issues (480/478-470 B.C)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes on a curved stock. Image of a crab viewed from above on the right between the fluke and the stock. Letter “A” missing.
Rev.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the archaic Ionian style with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Instead of hair there are snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
2 commentsJaimelai
388-commodus as.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AE dupondius - struck 179 AD67 viewsobv: L AVREL COMMODVS AVG TRP IIII (radiate head right)
rev: IMP III COS II PP / S.C. (Victory advancing left bearing wreath & palm)
ref: RIC III 1614(M.Aurelius), C.237
12.18gms, 25mm

History: In 177, the Quadi rebelled, followed soon by their neighbours, the Marcomanni and Marcus Aurelius once again headed north, to begin his second Germanic campaign (secunda expeditio germanica). He arrived at Carnuntum in August 178, and set out to quell the rebellion in a repeat of his first campaign, moving first against the Marcomanni.
1 commentsberserker
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS 250-251 A.D Caesarea Maritima mint AE2867 viewsO:bust r, radiate and draped
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche r
1 commentsMaritima
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, AE Follis67 viewsAttribution: RIC 776 (RIC VI)
Mint: Trier, PTR
Date: 307-308 AD

Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Bust of Constantine right
Reverse: MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI, Mars advancing right, S/A in fields, PTR in exergue

Size: 24.6mm x 26.9mm
Weight: 6.49 grams
3 commentsAnemicOak
Leo 1st67 viewsLEO I. 457-474 AD. AV Solidus (4.50 gm, 6h). Constantinople mint. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield / Victory standing left holding long jeweled cross, star in right field; S//CONOB. RIC X 605 and 630; Depeyrot 93/1. Good VF1 commentsTLP
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius67 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, Silver Denarius, RIC-IV-I-214-S, struck 210-213 at Rome, 3.21 grams, 18.3 mm. EF

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate, bearded head of Caracalla facing right
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE - Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding sceptre

A lovely specimen that is especially well centered with just a touch of weakness on the center of the reverse. Lots of eye appeal, lightly toned and a much scarcer issue.

1 commentssseverus
Aelia Capitolina-Antonius Pius.jpg
Antoninus Pius, (138-161 CE), Æ, city coin of Aelia Capitolina67 viewsBronze of Antoninus Pius. 138-161 CE. 7.44 g, 23mm, minted in Jerusalem (Aelia Capitolina) in Judea.

Obverse: IMP ANTONINVS AVG PPP; Laureate draped bust right
Reverse: CO(olony) AE(lia) CA(pitolina);Turreted bust of Tyche right, wearing calathus.

Reference: Meshorer, Aelia 21; Rosenberger 11, SNG ANS 600.

Added to collection: July 29, 2006
Daniel Friedman
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)67 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Agrippina Snr RIC 102 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina Senior, RIC 10267 viewsAgrippina Senior
AE Sestertius
Rome Mint. 42 A.D.
Ref: RIC 102. Cohen 3. RCV 1906. VM 2.
Notes: Wife of Germanicus. Mother of Caligula. Struck by brother-in-law Claudius. One of my favourite coins despite its condition. Beautiful patina.
Clodius Albinus RIC IV, 1567 viewsClodius Albinus AD 195/6-197
AR - denar, 2.26g, 17.19mm
Lyon AD 196
head, laureate, r.
Felicitas stg. l., holding sceptre and caduceus
RIC IV/1, 15; C.13
rare (Augustus!), about VF, lightly toned, struck on small flan as usual
1 commentsJochen
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg67 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine

Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
Amisos, Pontos AE 20 SNG BM1202, Cista Mystica67 viewsOBV: Head of youthful Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy
REV: AMISOU, Cista mystica with panther skin, diadem and thyrsos. Monogram to left
8.8g, 21mm

Minted at Amisos, 85-65 BC
5 commentsLegatus
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-185, AR-Obulus, #01,Rare !67 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-185, AR-Obulus, #01,Rare !
avers: Three towers on arch, cross on the middle one, crowned bust facing between two stars below, double circle of dots.
revers: Cross with rosettes in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman, Annia Faustina, AE19, Sidon67 viewsRoman, Annia Faustina --AE19, Sidon. R: Askliepos L w/serpent staff and wand. NISC. 1 commentsfeatherz
Sear 1836 (with Mardin c/m 14)67 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class D Follis, weight 7.42g, diameter 28mm. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 14 countermark on the obverse, the word Imad [= ‘pillar’, part of an honorific]: Zengid, attributed to Imad al-din [‘Pillar of the Faith’] Zengi II, the atabeg of Sinjar and Nisibin, 1169 -1197 CE. Probably mint of Nisibin. Abu Galyon
Antoninus Pius Elephant67 viewsAntoninus Pius, AE As, 6.4g, 138 - 161 AD (Struck 148 - 149 AD) RIC III 862a
BMCRE 1840, Cohen 565
OBV: PP TR P XII, Laureate head of Pius right
REV: MVNIFICENTIA AVG COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue, Elephant walking right.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Antony & Octavia tetradrachm67 viewsM ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Conjoined heads of Antony and Octavia right, Antony wearing an ivy wreath

Dionysus standing left, holding cantharus and thyrsus on cista mystica flanked by two interlaced snakes

Ephesus, summer-autumn 39 BC


Imperators 263, RPC 2202, Babelon Antonia 61, Syndenham 1198, BMCRR east 135

Punch mark on the obverse protrudes onto the reverse


This series of Cistophori from Asia commemorates the marriage of Antony and Octavia and celebrate's Antony's divine status in the east as the "New Dionysus" which was bestowed on him when he arrived in Ephesus in 41 BC. Antony's titulature of "Imperator and Consul designate for the second and third times" fixes the period of issue to the latter part of 39 BC after the Pact of Misenum in July and before Antony's second Imperatorial acclamation in the winter of 39-38BC
6 commentsJay GT4
Antoninus Pius, RIC 580, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Cappadocia)67 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.1g, Ø33mm, 5h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: CAPPADOCIA (around) S C (field), Cappadocia, towered headdress, standing left, holding crown and vexillum, Mons Argaeus at feet.
RIC 580 (R); BMC 1185; Cohen 120 (fr.25); Strack 783; Banti 51 (3 spec.)
ex s*p*q*r (via eBay, 2008)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
Antoninus Pius, RIC 597, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Annona)67 viewsÆ Sestertius (29.84g, Ø31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-44.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing paludamentum.
Rev.: ANNONA AVG (around) S C (in field), Annona, standing right between modius and ship's prow, holding two corn ears and a cornucopiae.
RIC 597; BMCRE IV 1228; Cohen 34; Strack 821 (3 coll.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 19 (8 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins & Their Values II) 4147
ex CNG,2010 (photo: CNG)
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, ANTONINUS PIUS sestertius, RIC 60767 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,67g, Ø 33mm, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 142.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev.: IOVI STATORI (around) S C (field), Jupiter, naked, standing front, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
RIC 607 (rare); BMCRE 1247 var. (hd. left; note: variant with hd. right not in B.M.); Cohen 460; Strack 835 (3 spec. for hd. r.); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 188 (3 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4184.
Ex CNG 91
2 commentsCharles S
AIOLIS, NEONTEICHOS67 viewsAE 10.3 mm 0.86 g
SEAR 4223 BMC 141 RARE
1 commentslaney
AR Tetradrachm, Athens67 viewsAR Tetradrachm, Athens, ca. 450 BC, Obv: Athena in crested helm right; Rev: Owl standing, branch left, ΑΘΕ left, three test cuts, otherwise Nice Very Fine. Ex. Pegasi.3 commentsMolinari
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA67 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
Baduila - Rome - 2 or 2 1/2 nummi67 viewsBaduila (-552), Ostrogothic king (541-552). Æ 2 or 2½ Nummi (10 mm, 0.82 g), minted in Rome 550-552. Obverse: frontal bust with helmet, DN BA-DVIL. Reverse: lion advancing right within wreath. Metlich 99.

The type with a lion on the reverse copies the preceeding denarius (MIBE 232) from the Rome mint, which may have been introduced by the Roman general Belisarius in connection with the ludi saeculares of the city in 547; the 1300th anniversary of Rome's foundation. The type was continued to be used after Baduila captured Rome in January 550 and it may be related to the circus games that he is known to have presented in the city.
Jan (jbc)
Bahrain67 viewsKm2 - 5 Fils - 1965
Km3 - 10 Fils - 1965 (AH1385)
Km4 - 25 Fils - 1965
Km5 - 50 Fils - 1965
Km6 - 100 Fils - 1965
Daniel F
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1467 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #14
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// SIS, diameter: 17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165167 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, No Date. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . Reference: KM #20. Note: Prev. KM#30.dpaul7
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #0167 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-093, AR-Denarius, #01
avers:- BELA, anchor-like mark amongst three dots above and below; border of dots..
revers:- Retrograd Rx (Monogram), border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,18g, axis: 5h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-093, CHN-1-111, Huszar-066a, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #0167 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-226, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
revers: B E/L A R/E X, In three lines divided into five parts by horizontal and vertical lines, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-226_CNH-1-238_Huszar-302,
Laureate bust, right.
Bonus Eventus standing left, holding patera and corn ears with poppy.
Denarius, 3.5 gm, 18.8 mm, RIC 31
Struck in 79 AD according to Curtis Clay's chronology.
2 commentsMassanutten
Bronze engraved bracelet67 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.




Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4
FRIEDE FRIEDE, Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742,67 viewsFRIEDE FRIEDE, Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742,
Medals of King Frederick II, the Great 1742 Silver Medal, unsigned, GW Kittel, at the peace of Breslau.
avers:- FRIEDE FRIEDE ! / PUBLIC•IN BRESLAV/ D•27•IUN 11•, The winning interconnected arms of Prussia and Austria / Hungary, about dove with olive branch, in section two lines characters.
revers:- ES KOMT GOTT EN / WIR VNS VERSEHN / VND LAESSET VNS/ VIEL GVTS / GESCHEN•, Beaming triangle over five lines of text. The back inscription of the coin contains the year as a chronogram.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 32,5mm, weight:9,14g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: unsigned, GW Kittel , date:1742 A.D.,
ref: F. u. S. 4274; Old. 539 a; Pax in Nummis 525 var.,
BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL67 viewsBRUNSWICK-WOLFENBUTTEL - Karl I (1735-1780) AR 1/3 Thaler, 1765. Obv: Portrait of Karl I facing right. Reverse shows the iconic HORSE design for this area! Reference: KM #972.dpaul7
Buckle #003 AR Buckle,67 viewsBuckle #003 AR Buckle,
type: AR Buckle,
size: 16x26mm,
weight: 2,91g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Syria, Gabala, (Seleukia and Pieria), 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Lindgren III 191, AE-30, ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left, 67 viewsSyria, Gabala, (Seleukia and Pieria), 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Lindgren III 191, AE-30, ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left,
avers: AYT-KAI-C-M-AYP-ANTωNEINOC-CEB-CE•, Radiate, bust right.
revers: ΓABAΛEωN, Tyche enthroned left, holding sceptre and orb.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 29,5 mm, weight: 16,44g, axis: 6h,
mint: Syria, (Seleukia and Pieria), Gabala, date: 138-161 A.D., ref: Lindgren III 191,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #167 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 261c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis/Pluto seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis/Pluto seated left wearing polos, holding scepter, and reaching toward three-headed dog Cerberus seated to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 5,33g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-261c, RSC-299a, BMC-124
Billion Tridrachm from Carthage67 viewsA Billion tridrachm from Carthage, minted during the second Punic war. 9.589g, 26.2mm, Carthage mint, c. 215 - 205 B.C.

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, pellet on leaf, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants

Reverse: Unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, pellet below horse's belly forward of the palm trunk; scarce;

Attribution: Alexandropoulos 44a; Müller Afrique 104; SNG Cop 190 var (no pellet); SRCV II 6494 var (same)
3 commentschuy1530
Vespasian RIC-93967 viewsAR Denarius, 3.27g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 939 (R), BMC 203, RSC 129
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l. Corn-ear upright in ground r.
Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 235.

A rare variant containing a wheat-ear of the common Mars reverse, possibly to symbolize the peace and prosperity Roman arms has brought the people.

I had a difficult time finding a decent example of this type...patience has paid off and I'm very happy to add this respectable denarius to the collection.
CLAVDIVS Libertas.jpg
Claudius Libertas67 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
bare head of Claudius left

Libertas standing facing head right holding pileus, left hand extended

Rome 41-42 AD


Sear 1859

Titus Pullo
Ionia, Smyrna. Marcus Aurelius AE32. Alliance with Laodicea in Phrygia.67 viewsObv: AY K M AY ANTWNINOC, Bust of Marcus Aurelius r., laur., wearing cuirass and paludementum.
Rev: ATTALOCCOFICTHCTAICPATPICI CMVP LAOD, Zeus Laodikeus holding eagle and scepter, Nemeses before him standing face to face.
32mm., 20g.
BMC 514
1 commentsancientone
Tauteval man hand axe - 150,000 to 250,000 years old67 viewsFound Le Vallonnet in the south of France - Tauteval man hand axe.
Dated at around 150,000 to 250,000 years old (very difficult to date) Dating done through patina (rock decay) thickness.
Made from flint resembling butterscotch.
Lower Palaeolithic around half a million years ago with stone tools and fossil remains of some of the oldest humans in Europe. The dating of these finds is not without its problems which, combined with the relatively small number of finds, makes interpretations of these earliest times very difficult and highly contentious. But, from Le Vallonnet in the south of France to the Somme River gravels in northern France, acheulian hand axes thought to be around a half a million years old provide evidence of the earliest habitation of France. In Africa these tools are associated with Homo Erectus, but there is no unequivocal fossil evidence of these early hominids in France. The earliest fossil remains come from Arago Cave in the south and are dated to about 450,000 years ago: the so-called Tauteval man. The remains from this cave represent a few individuals that appear to be ancestors of the Neanderthals.
coins1 103.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine death issue chariot67 viewsconstantine 1, after death, 337-340 AD., minted in ?
OBV: DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled head right
REV: emperor driving quadriga right, the hand of God reaching down to him
EX: cannot make out
000c. Sextus Pompey67 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

German, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 67 viewsGerman, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +ADOLPES ARC HEPC, Mitred Archbishop entrhoned, facing slightly left, with book and crozier. (Ball over the book ???)
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Broad church building with 6 arcades and gate; on it a tower with cupola between 2 cross-topped flags.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,42g, axis:0h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 588,,
Commodus Denarius A.D. 189 RIC 202a, RSC 323, BMCRE 28667 viewsM COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right / LIBERALITAS AVG VII, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus & cornucopia.1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
consmaxavgg campgate com.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Antioch 8467 viewsAE 18-22mm 2.8 grams 329-330 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosette-diadem draped, cuirassed
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG. Campgate with 2 turrets, 11 rows of blocks, no door and single star above
EX :: SMANT epsilon ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 84
RIC rated R4
this camgate has several engraving error . The first is a deformed star above the campgate wich make the star look like a nike or victory. the second is a miss-aligned rim in wich a dot and a faint line can be seen at the top just above the star
3 commentsJohnny
Constantine I- Posthumous Quadriga 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative Quadriga67 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Constantine The Great with veiled bust right


DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMH= Heraclea, Officina??, RIC VIII Heraclea 13

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
Constantine Diadem VOT dot XXX SMHB Heraclea67 viewsConstantine I CONSTAN-TINVS AVG D
dot SMHB Heraclea RIC VII
Heraclea 90 c1
James b4
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius67 viewsSilver denarius, 19-20mm, January - April 85 A.D., RIC 57, Carradice 85.1, BMC 75, RSC 368, Ex. Flan
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P, Eagle standing on thunderbolt
CRISPUS with helmet right67 viewsCRISPVS - NOB CAES
cuirassed bust with helmet right
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 134 r4
1 commentsgb29400
Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans (1650-1693), Douzieme d'ecu - 166567 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
AN . MA LOV PRINC . SOVV . DE . DOM, Buste drapé de 3/4 a droite
(Rose) DNS + ADIVTOR . A . ET . REDEM . MEVS, Ecu d'Orleans couronné. Dans le champ, 16 - 65
2.35 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 233, Boudeau # 1094
Potator II
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 67 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Domitian RIC-76867 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome mint, 94 AD
RIC 768 (C), BMC specimen acquired 1989, RSC 284b
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Mauseus, August 2016.

This denarius is part of the last issue of 94, struck after mid September until the end of the year. The issue is somewhat scarce, although RIC rates all the denarii in it as 'common'.

Nice portrait and well centred.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
27 Diadumenian67 viewsDenarius. May-July 217 AD. M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, draped bust right, seen from behind / PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing facing, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards right. RSC 6. Weight 3.35 g. Die axis 6 hr. Max dia 19.1 mm1 commentsmix_val
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88 AD67 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII (laureate head right)
rev: COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC (herald with feather in cap walking left, holding round shield and wand)
ref: RIC Vol 2.1 (2008) 596 (old RIC 117); RSC 76/77
mint: Rome
3.21gms, 18.5mm
Rare (by RIC)

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88 AD.
2 commentsberserker
Domitian RIC II, 167a67 viewsDomitian AD 81 - 96
AR - Denar, 3.34g,
Rome AD 92
laureate head r.
Minerva, helmeted, wearing Aedis, standing r. on columna rostrata(!), brandishing
javelin and and holding shield; owl at her feet; below two
figures (Jupiter and worshipping figure, ref. to Curtis Clay)
(Minerva type 2)
RIC II, 167a; C.274; BMC 189
1 commentsJochen
Domitian, Fouree 267 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. Fouree Denarius. Unofficial Mint. (2.81g, 18m, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP XI, laureate head right. Rev: IMI XXII [] PPP, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt and spear, shield at her l. side (M3). Cf RIC II 737.

Without the breaks in the silver, the unofficial lettering would give this away as a fouree, as would the die axis and light weight. Interestingly, this coin mimics RIC II 737 minted in 92 A.D. which RIC lists as vary rare (R2). IMP XXII was Domitian’s final imperial acclamation.
1 commentsLucas H
Domitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Sestertius Mule67 viewsDomitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Æ Sestertius Mule, 25.38 g. Rome mint, struck 80/81

R: IVD CAP across fields; SC in field below; mourning Jewess to left of palm on pile of arms; Jew on right with hands bound, arms on ground. - Titus RIC 153 (Perhaps a die match); Hendin 1593b; Upcoming addenda Titus 287A.

The only known sestertius mule under Titus.

From the patina it was likely found in eastern Europe, perhaps Bulgaria, a rich find spot for a lot of the judaea sestertii.

What evidence points to RIC II 288 / 306?

As noted by Curtis Clay, "Obverse legends beginning CAESAR are rare, and so far only known with portrait laur. left, according to RIC 275-7. Legends beginning CAES are very much more common.

With the N of DOMITIAN placed before Domitian's mouth, too much space seems to remain for just COS VII. We almost need that added VS to fill out the space.

Flavian mules in gold or silver occur with some regularity, though they are all rare individually.

It's not surprising, however, that very few sestertius mules occurred.

1. Vespasian struck c. 90% of the sestertii of his reign in the single year 71. Mules were impossible, because he hadn't yet begun striking sestertii for Titus and Domitian!

2. Later, when sestertii were being struck for Titus and Domitian too, the rev. types were not usually personalized, for example by carrying on the imperial titulature of each emperor, but were general and could be shared among the emperors, for example S C Spes advancing, or PAX AVGVSTI S C. Virtually all of the rev. types were appropriate for all three emperors, so there could be no mules!

Under Titus the possibilities for mules increased, since more types were introduced that were apparently meant for just one of the two imperial brothers, for example:

Titus: the Judaea Capta types, ANNONA AVG without S C, FELICIT PVBLIC, PIETAS AVGVST (Titus and Dom. shaking hands), PROVIDENT AVGVST (Vesp. hands globe to Titus), S C (Roma hands Palladium to Titus on horseback)

Domitian: S C (Minerva fighting right)."
3 commentsNemonater
Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta), 193–217 CE67 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 211 CE, 3.30g. BM 33a (p. 435), RIC-, RSC 251a (C.L. Clay and Vienna). Obv: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG; draped bust right. Rx: VOTA PVBLICA; Pietas (Julia?) standing left, dropping incense on lighted altar and holding open box.

Notes: Rare; none in Reka Devnia. A specimen was purchased by the British Museum in 1973; another in the G.R. Arnold Collection sold in the Glendining sale (21 November 1984), lot 113 (a pair of denarii), pl. V (this type illustrated); hammer price for the lot £120.
2 commentsMichael K5
67 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hànzì
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
edw iv.jpg
ENGLAND - EDWARD IV67 viewsEDWARD VI (1461-1483) Hammered Silver York Penny. Reverse quatrefoil, no marks by neck.dpaul7
Elagabalus denarius67 viewsCONCORDIA MILIT
Antiochia mint
2 commentstibsi67
ENGLAND - James I67 viewsENGLAND - James I (1603-1625) Farthing. dpaul7
F 2.jpg
67 viewsOrthodoxcoins
FA027104-0201101-I464. Constantine I AE Follis. Aquilea Mint. Marti Conservatori.67 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CON - SERVATORI; Mars standing left, head right, leaning on spear and resting hand on shield.
Mint marks: AQP
21.6mm; 4.0g; 180 deg.
Minted 312-313 AD.
RIC VI 139; R.
Fausta- Salvs Reipvblicae- AE3. 326 AD.67 viewsAttribution-Fausta RIC VII Antioch 76 r5(although its now at least r4)

Obv. FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, mantled bust right
Rev. SALVS REI-PVBLICAE Salus standing facing, with two children in her arms
Faustina Junior, Peacock & Throne67 viewsFaustina II Denarius. 176-180 AD. 2.7 gm.

Draped bust right

Throne with scepter across it, peacock below & standing right

RIC 745, Sear5 #5216, RSC 73
Faustina 67 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
Roman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Complex shape Fibula #048,67 viewsRoman Plate, Silvered Openwork Plate Fibula, Complex shape Fibula #048,
size: 35x35mm,
weight: 12,98g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Cuneiform Students Exercise Tablet67 views112mm x 100mm 583 grams

"The tablet is certainly a student’s exercise text that was part of his school work to teach him to read and write Sumerian around the year 1800BC, long after Sumerian had died out as a spoken language. In particular, this exercise was to teach all the Sumerian vocabulary dealing with food items. When complete, the list probably had over 500 entries. As part of their training, students had to memorize long lexical lists containing everything from plants and animals to metal objects, textiles, types of professions, body parts etc. These lists of vocabulary words were fairly standardized throughout Southern Babylonia at this time, so that you find many tablets containing the same entries, not always in the same order, but usually pretty close. Of course, some students were better than others, so some tablets contain more mistakes and some are written in messier script. Your tablet seems to have been written by a fairly good student, although there are a number of deviants from the standard version of the food items list.

The obverse of your tablet is the side with 3 columns and wide rows. The obverse represents a new part of the word list that the student is learning. In this case, each column repeats the same section of the list, so the student had a chance to practice it over and over. Unfortunately, not much is preserved on the obverse - just several different types of barley including “white barley” and “black barley.”

The reverse contains a much larger section of the list that the student had already memorized, and is just practicing here. This side is divided into 4 columns, the first column is almost entirely broken. The second column contains a list of different types of beer including “beer mixed with water,” “market beer,” “beer that foams like soap”, and “sweet beer.” Column three contains types of soup, most of which are not known from other versions of this list and will take more work to decipher, and types of fragrant plants, most of which are plants that we cannot identify."
2 commentsNemonater
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
FRANCE - Second Republic67 viewsFRANCE - Second Republic (1848-1852) AR 1852-A 5 Francs. Obv.: Head of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte left; name around. Rev.: Value and date in wreath; mintmark A below; REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE around. This was made just prior to Louis Bonaparte becoming Napoleon III. KM#773.1dpaul7
01 - China67 viewsChina - Ruler Chia-Ch'ing (1796-1820) Tung Ming, Yunnan.rexesq
Galba67 viewsIMP SER GALBA AVG
Laureate head right

Livia standing left holding patera and sceptre

Rome, November 68 AD-January 69AD

RIC 150, BMC 5, RSC 52a


Rare with this short obverse legend

5 commentsJay GT4
Geta AE 14 of Nikaea, 198-209 AD67 viewsGeta
Nicaea, Bithynia
AE 14
Nicaea, 198-209 AD
Zeus standing facing, holding scepter in l., patera in r. Eagle at l.
Waddington S462; SNG Hunter S249
2 commentsArdatirion
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-074, #0167 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-074, #01
avers:- Cross with dots and wedges in the angles, crosses at the ends of the arms; border of dots.
revers:- Dot amongst four wedges; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,0 mm, weight: 0,31 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-074, CHN-1-144, Huszar-150,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI67 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentstibsi67
IOVI CONSERVATORI67 viewsGordianus III. antoninianus
Rome mint
1 commentstibsi67
Macedonia, Philip III Arrhidaios AE Unit67 viewsMiletos mint (323-319 BC).
Obv.: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
Rev.: Bow in bow case and club; grain ear below. With the name and types of Alexander III ‘the Great’.
Price 2102.
5 commentsMinos
Guatemala67 viewsKM616.2 - 1 Peso - 1860 (Gold)Daniel Friedman
Hadrian denarius67 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
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