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A-10_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Minerva-r_-DOS_Triumph_quad_r_-dec-eagle-thund_-Vict_above-inex-L_RVBRI__Crawf-348-3_Syd-707_Rome_87-BC_Q-001_11h_15,5-16mm_3,67gx-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #141 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #1
avers:- Bust of Minerva right, wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, behind, DOS.
revers:- Triumphal quadriga with side-panel decorated with thunderbolt right, above, Victory with outspread wings in biga, in exergue, L.RVBRI.
exerg: -/-//L.RVBRI, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford-348-3, Syd-707, Rubria 3,
Q-001
quadrans
A-24_Sicily-Aragas_AR-Hemidrachm__Crawford-53b-1_SNG-Cop-57_SNG-ANS-1002_410-406-BC_Q-001_axis-6h_14-15,5mm_1,74ga-s.jpg
Sicily, Akragas, (410-406 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG ANS 1003ff, Akragas, Crab,41 viewsSicily, Akragas, (410-406 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG ANS 1003ff, Akragas, Crab,
avers:- Eagle left, clutching dead hare in its talons.
revers:- Crab; fish right below.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 14-15,5mm, weight: 1,74g, axis: 0h,
mint: Sicily, Aragas, date: 410-406 B.C., ref: Crawford-53b-1 SNG-Cop-57, SNG-ANS-1003ff,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
a01_3.jpg
Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm41 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin
Jaimelai
a01~0.jpg
Kyzicus, Mysia, Silver hemiobol, After 480 BC 41 viewsKyzicus, Mysia, AR hemiobol, After 480 BC, Obv: Forepart of boar left, tunny upward behind. Rev: Lion head roaring left, small facing panther head above.
Antonio Protti
A602.jpg
alexander severus salus41 viewsIMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG
PM TR P IIII COS PP
mint : roma
225 AD
frederic
ABMoffSMANTdeltaepsilon.jpg
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]41 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
adrianus
abm_postumus_irreg_dup.jpg
Postumus, reduced irregular double sestertius41 views[IMP C POSTV]MVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right.
VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left.
A very small reduced bronze. Too thick to be a copy of an antoninianus and very small for an irregular double sestertius (?or dupondius).
21mm.
Adrianus
Achaemenid_Empire_Silver.JPG
Achaemenid Empire Silver Siglos41 viewsAchaemenid Empire Silver Siglos
Silver Siglos 5.6 gram
Obverse: Kneeling King as archer Right CMK
Reverse: Incuse punch CMK’s on edge _7500

Antonivs Protti
AE-Bugs_Q-001a-s.jpg
AE-Bug's #241 viewsAE-Bug's #2
Q-001
quadrans
AE29PtolemyVI+VIII.JPG
Ptolemy VI and VIII AE2941 viewsgparch
al2.JPG
GREEK, Macedonian, Alexander the Great, Drachm, Miletus41 viewsAR Drachm
323-319 BC
Miletus(Miletos)
16mm, 4.20g

1 commentsXLi
alex29~0.jpg
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm41 viewsUncertain mint.
Price -; Müller -; Hersh -.
1 commentsMinos
alexandria_trajan_Köln636~0.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, Trajan, Geissen 63641 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117
AE - drachm, 33.58mm, 21.83g
Alexandria, AD 113/114 (year 17?)
obv. [AVT TRAIAN CEB GERM]
bust, draped and wreathed with corn-ears(?), r.
rev. Dionysos in long garment and holding thyrsos in r. hand, std. l. in biga with two panthers l; the panther in front with raised l. foot and looking r.
in field LIZ(?) (year 17)
rwef. Geissen 636
F/F+, worn obv. but rev. with nice coloured patina

The correct attribution depends on the date in the field of the rev. which can't be identified for sure.
1 commentsJochen
AlexIIIclubbow.jpg
336-323 BC - Alexander (III) The Great - Club, Bow and Case Reverse41 viewsKing: Alexander (III) The Great (r. 336-323 BC)
Date: 336 - about 300 BC?
Condition: Fair
Size: AE17

Obverse: Head of Herakles right

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY between club above and bow and case below.
Alexander

Unknown mint
3.70g; 17.8mm; 30°
Pep
altd.jpg
Alexander III of Macedon AR Tetradrachm ca 310 BC41 viewsOBV: Head of Herakles with lionskin headdress
REV: Zeus Ateophotos seated left holding eagle and scepter, ALEXANDROY vertical to right of scepter. Obscure date or mintmark under eagle.

The style of the coin strongly suggests the Ake mint (possibly Price 3301 or similar) with bellcovers on the throne legs and the slanted footstool on which Zeus rests his feet. The posture and arrangement of his robes also was typical of Ake tetradrachmae in the decade following Alexander's death in 323 BC. The weight of Ake tetradrachms is almost uniformly 17.1 gm ( Newell: The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake) corresponding exactly to this coin.

Bought at the Baltimore coin show 2010

Diam 26 mm, wt 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Amisos_AE24.jpg
Pontos, Amisos, AE2441 views24 mm, 21.08 g
obv: head right wearing bashlyk
rev: AMIΣOY; quiver and unstrung bow.
5 commentsareich
AnastasiusI-moeda1.jpg
Anastasius I 491-518 AC.41 viewsAE Follis of Anastasius I 491-518 AC.

Weight: 15.6gr
Ř:35 mm

Obv: ANASTASIVS PP AVG - Anastasius right

Rev: M in center, Cross above, star to either side of M.

Minted in Constantinople between 512-518AC.

Condition: gF/gF

Ref: Sear 16 - Berk 5

Jorge C
Anonymous_Uncia_Roma__.jpg
Roman Republic, Anonymous uncia (214-212 BC)41 viewso/ Helmeted head of Roma right, • to left
r/ Prow of galley right, ROMA above, two • below
9,17g. 22mm. 8h
Cr. 41/10
1 commentsAugustin Caron
AntiochosVII H451.jpg
Antiochos VII AE15 Hendin 45141 viewsAe15, 15mm, 2.70g.

Obverse: BASILEWS ANTIOXOS EUERGETOI, Upside-down anchot.

Reverse: Lily in dotted circle.

BPR (131-130 BC)

Hendin 451.

Despite being struck in Antiochos' name, this is dated to the time when Hyrcanus I had actually gained control of Jerusalem, where they seem to have been struck. There is thus a good case for the claim that they were minted by Hyrcanus, and in a very real sense, constitute the first clearly 'Jewish' coins, since they inaugurate the tradition of coins without images. The earlier Yehud coins are probably better seen as 'Israelite' rather than 'Jewish'; they use images, and it's uncertain how far the term 'Judaioi' was in use at the time, or to whom it applied.
Robert_Brenchley
Antioch_Mint_Elagabalus_Bronze_Coin_2.jpg
Antioch Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin41 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD., Antioch S&P Mint, Bronze 20 mm 3.9 gram coin
Obverse: Head Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250

Antonivs Protti
Antoniniano Diocleciano RIC 256.jpg
A107-04 - DIOCLECIANO (284 - 305 D.C.)41 viewsAE Antoniniano 22 mm 3.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "CONCORDIA MILITVM" - Emperador de pié a derecha con vestimentas militares, portando en la mano izquierda un Parazonium, recibiendo una Victoriola de mano de Júpiter desnudo con su manto colgando de su hombro izquierdo y portando un largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda. "XXI" en el exergo y "B" en el campo central.

Acuńada 293 - 295 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off. 2da.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #256 Pag.246 - Cohen Vol.VI #33 Pag.419 - DVM #21 Pag.276 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3540
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 70.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)41 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antoninien_de_Trajan_Decius_Superb.jpg
antoninien de Trajan Decius 41 views22mm.,2,96g, Superbe
Trajan Decius AR Antoninianus. IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / ADVENTVS AVG, emperor on horseback left with raised hand & sceptre. RIC 1b, Cohen 6. RIC 1b
sear5 #9365
_5054
6 commentsAntonivs Protti
AntoninusPius_Ses_RIC_855.jpg
Antoninus Pius - sestertius RIC 85541 viewsAntoninus Pius. Sestertius, minted in Rome, 148-149 A.D.; 24.45g; obv. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right; rev. COS IIII S-C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 855, BMC 1823.

Ex F. R. Künker E-Auktion
1 commentsBartosz A
Antoninus_Pius.jpg
Antoninus Pius (r. 138-161 AD) - AE As - Rome41 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XIX - Laureate head right
Rev: COS IIII / S.C. in exergue - Jupiter seated left, holding Victory

Minted in Rome (155-156 AD)
References: RIC III 954(a) [R], Cohen 195
Weight: 10.07 g
Dimensions: 27 mm
krazy
Antoninus_Pius_Altar.JPG
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, 138-161 AD. 41 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AR Denarius (19,5 mm, 2.94 gr.)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS AVG Laureate head right. / COS IIII Thunderbolt on decorated altar.

RIC 137, RSC 345, BMC 536.

6291
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
antonyfouree.jpg
Antony fouree41 viewsbare head of Antony right

Plowman with yoke of two oxen to left

2.30g

Reverse may be immitating the denarius of C. Marius C.f. Capito. 81 BC

Ex-Sosius
3 commentsJay GT4
Antony_XII_Ant~0.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII ANTIQVAE41 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right mast with banners at prow

LEG XII ANTIQVAE
Legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31 BC
3.33g

SEAR 1480

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Jay GT4
AntoSe53-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 622, Sestertius of AD 141-144 (Temple of Venus and Roma)41 viewsĆ Sestertius (25.5g, Ř 33mm, 12h), Rome mint, struck AD 141-143.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laurate and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: ROMAE AETERNAE (around) S C (in field below) Decastyle temple with statues on roof and pediment.
RIC 622 (S); BMCRE 1279-82; Cohen 700 (Fr.12); Strack 848; Foss (RHC) 125:24a
ex Mike R. Vosper

Coin issued on the occasion of the completion of the temple of Venus and Rome, begun by Hadrian in AD 121. Remains of the temple can still be seen today.
Charles S
AntoSeA8.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 597, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Annona)41 viewsĆ Sestertius (29.84g, Ř31mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-44.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate and draped bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing paludamentum.
Rev.: ANNONA AVG (around) S C (in field), Annona, standing right between modius and ship's prow, holding two corn ears and a cornucopiae.
RIC 597; BMC 1228; Cohen 34; Strack 821; Banti 19 (8 spec.); Sear 2000 (RCV) 4147
ex CNG,2010 (photo: CNG)
Charles S
antpius sest-liberalitas.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AE sestertius - struck 147-148 AD41 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP (laureate head right)
rev: COS IIII around, S-C on platform, [LIBERALITAS / AVG IIII] in exergue (Emperor seated on platform with outstretched hand, officer behind him, Liberalitas holding account board (abacus) and cornucopiae before him, citizen at left below, receiving generosity, holding out fold of toga)
ref: RIC III 774, Cohen 498 (30frcs)
27.11gms, 30mm, brass
Rare

A rare historical issue with a remarkable reverse "propaganda" type. In this case, it celebrates the emperor's largesse during one of his famous nine donatives, known as "congiaria", to the citizens of Rome. Although originally these donatives were in liquid (oil and wine), by Pius' time they commonly took the form of cash. Aiding the emperor here by communicating the gifts to the citizens is the personification of generosity, Liberalitas.
berserker
Ant__Pius_bono_eventvi.jpg
Antoninus Pius 10 Jul. 138 - 7 Mar. 161 A.D., Rome mint41 viewsCopper as, Sear RCV III 4295, RIC III 676, BMCRE 1358, Cohen 106, gF, corrosion, 10.878 g, 28.2 mm, 180 deg., Rome mint, 142 A.D.; Obv. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III, laureate head right; Rev. BONO EVENTVI S C, Bonus Eventus standing naked facing, head left, patera over flaming altar in right, ears of grain in left; olive patina with scattered red corroded spots.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsSteve E
apameia phrygia ae22.jpg
Apameia, Phygia AE2241 viewsobv: Bust of Athena right, wearing aegis and crested Corinthian helmet
rev: Eagle flying right
Struck 133-48 B.C. at Apameia, Phrygia
SG 5120
1 commentsJericho
arcadius virtus ex com.JPG
Arcadius RIC X Antioch 7041 viewsAE 17 mm 2.5 grams 395-401
OBV :: DN ARCADI-VS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: VIRTVS-EXERCITI. Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear with left hand on shield. Victory, standing beside him crowning him with wreath
EX :: ANT delta ( Antioch )
RIC X Antioch 70
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 05/2008
2 commentsJohnny
arch of Titus.jpg
arch of Titus41 viewsPart of the Arch of Titus showing the spoils from the destruction of the Temple in JerusalemTitus Pullo
Aretas 4 2.jpg
Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD) - hemiobol minted in AD 01 !41 viewsBust of Aretas right
Nabatean circular legend meaning : "half (obol) of silver" , eagle standing left, dividing ShNT / 10 (Year 10 = 1 AD).
19 mm. Sear 5698.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Aretas 4.jpg
Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD) - AE 19 minted in 5 BC41 viewsBust of Aretas right, letters in field
HRTT MLK NBTY ShNT 4 (Aretas king of Nabatea, year 4 = 5 BC) , Queen-mother Huldu (?) standing left wearing long dress, right hand raised, holding uncertain object.
19 mm
Sear 5700
2 commentsGinolerhino
arici72tibOR.jpg
Augustus As, RIC I 72 (Tiberius)41 viewsRome mint, Divus Augustus As, Struck under Tiberius, circa AD 15-16 AE, 26mm 9.10g, RIC I 72 (Tiberius); BMCRE 151-154 (Tiberius); BN 44-48 (Tiberius); Cohen 244
O: DIVVS AVGV-STVS • PATER •, radiate head of Divus Augustus left; star above; thunderbolt before
R: S C across field, draped female figure (Livia) seated right, feet on stool, holding scepter in left hand and patera in right
casata137ec
ARMENIA Houtoum II Kardez.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II41 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II - 1289 - 1293. AE Kardez. 21 mm. 3.3 gm.
Obverse: Bust of crowned king. Reverse: Ornate patriarchal cross with branches below. Bedoukian 1608.
dpaul7
AR_Dirhem_of_Harun_al-Rashid_of_the_Abbasid_dynasty,_808_AD_192_AH.JPG
41 views'ABBASID CALIPHATE. temp. Al-Muqtadir. Second reign, AH 296-317 / AD 908-929.
AR Dirhem.
Madinat al-Salam mint. Dated AH 299 (AD 911/2).
Album 246.1
Ardatirion
AS NERON RPC 1761.jpg
14-10 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)41 viewsAE AS (Híbrido No listado en RIC) 28 x 24 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "[IMP NERO] CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG [GERM P M TR P]" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C " - Leyenda a los lados de un altar con dos puertas y ornamentos en la parte superior. "PROVIDENT" en exergo.
Puede ser una moneda híbrida acuńada a partir de un anverso de Neron y un reverso de Augusto póstumo ?? - Ver BMC nota de página 276

Acuńada 54/58 D.C.
Ceca:

Referencias: Cohen Vol.1 #255 Pag.296 - (RIC #528/530/531 Pag.181 muestran ARA PACIS en exergo, en lugar de PROVIDENT)
mdelvalle
Asclepion.JPG
Turkey, Pergamum - Asclepion41 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
askalon_antoninus_pius_BMC197.jpg
Palaestina, Askalon, Antoninus Pius, Rosenberger 184 var. 41 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE 25, 16.52g
dated AD 156/157 (year 260)
obv. ANTWNINOC CEBACTOC (beginning upper r.)
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. ACKA[LWN] - ZC (year 260)
Goddess Derketo, in long clothes, crescent on head, puff of garment over l.
arm, stg. facing, head l.(?), holding long sceptre in l. hand and dove in
outstretched r. hand; at her feet Triton in several coils swimming l., holding
cornucopiae with both hands.
BMC Palestine 197; Rosenberger 184 var. (different date); SNG ANS 723 var. (different date)
about VF, brown patina, light roughness
Pedigree:
ex coll. J.S.Wagner
ex CNG Electronic Auction #168, lot 197

The rev. is known for Severus, Diadumenian and Elagabal too. For more information please take a look under 'Mythological interesting coins'
1 commentsJochen
augustus as2.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck c.25 BC41 viewsobv: CAESAR (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: [AVGVS]TVS (within laurel wreath)
ref: RIC 486, BMCRE 731, RPC 2235
mint: Ephesus (?)(Uncertain mint in Cyprus or Syria)
11.18gms, 28mm
Scarce
berserker
Augustus-Denar-Komet-RIC37a.jpg
I-AUGUSTUS-a - 001 Denar RIC I/37a41 viewsAv) CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right

Rv) DIVVS IVLIVS
Comet

Weight: 3,3g, Ř:20mm; Referenz: RIC I/37a; Mint: HISPANIA / COLONIA CAESAR AUGUSTA(?) struck ca.19 B.C.-18 B.C.
(Surfaces are a little bit rogh)
sulcipius
Augustus_quadrans,_Northern_Gaul_under_Germanus_Indutilli,_c_10_BC.jpg
41 viewsGAUL, Uncertain mint (Treveri?). Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Ć Quadrans(?) (17mm, 2.7g)
Germanus Indutilli L(ibertus), magistrate. Struck circa 10 BC.
Diademed male head right
Bull butting left
RPC I 506; RIC I 249; Scheers, Traite" 216
Ardatirion
Augustus_RIC_207.JPG
Augustus, 27 BC - 14 AD41 viewsObv: (CAESAR AVG)VSTVS DIVI F PATER PATR(IAE), laureate head of Augustus facing right.

Rev: C L CAESARE(S AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PR)INC IVVENT, Gaius and Lucius Caesars standing, facing, shields and spears between; simpulum and lituus above.

Silver Denarius, Lugdunum mint, c. 2 BC - 4 AD

3.9 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC I 207, RSC 43c, S1597, VM 51
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Augustus_Senat_Victory_denarius.jpg
Denarius from Civil war 67-68 AD from the Caesar Avgvstvs type.41 viewsDenarius minted during the very early stages of the Civil war of 67-68. Certainly Spain. Very early Galba or local support of Vindex before Galba's formal challenge to Nero (or local challenge to Nero without ref. to Vindex).
3.61 grs.
Difficult coins with a few hybrids. Legends - by definition - unofficial.
Observe : CAESAR AVGVSTVS. Laureate head of Avgvstvs right.
Reverse : Victory walking left and holding a shield (CLV within). SENAT (S) P Q (R). Remaining on the right unreadable.
Seems to belong to the A 25 type according to Peter Hugo Martin (but the A25 strictly has a AVGVSTVS DIVI F observe legend).

1 commentslabienus
aug_trad1.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS41 views AUGUSTUS
AUGUSTUS
27 BC - 14 AD
AE 24mm 12.02g
O: [PERM C]AE[S] AVG
BUST L
R: IVLIA TRAD WITHIN OAK WREATH
JULIA TRADUCTA, SPAIN
1 commentslaney
AUREL.jpg
Aurelian and Vabalathus, 271 - 272 A.D41 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 381, choice gVF, 3.00g, 21.7mm, 180o, Antioch mint, late 271 - spring 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, E below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; excellent portraits and centeringsalem
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG(G6)_IOVI-C(O)NSER(EJ1c)_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2581_off-2_iss-2_Serdica_271_AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, -/-//S, IOVI C(O)NSER, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!41 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, -/-//S, IOVI C(O)NSER, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!
avers:-IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (G6)
revers:-IOVI C(O)NSER ("O" missing), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-2, off-2, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2581 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORD-MILIT_starCstarP_RIC-V-I-342-RIC-Temp-2949-2nd-off-5th-iss_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23mm_4,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,41 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_star-T_RIC-V-216-p-RIC-T-2206_off-3_iss-6_Siscia_272-73-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23mm_3,39g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2206, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, -/-//*T, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia,41 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2206, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, -/-//*T, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-4, date: 272-73-A.D., ref: RIC-V-216-p-, T-2206 (Estiot),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORI-E-NS-AVG_A-XXI-R_RIC-V-63-p-RIC-T-1790_off-1_iss-10_Rome_274-AD_Q-001_11h_20,5-21,5mm_3,59g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, -/-/AXXIR, ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, #141 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-1790, RIC V-I 063, Rome, -/-/AXXIR, ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, #1
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS-AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet, on each side, a bound and seated captive, both head turned back; the captive on the left is in oriental dress, the captive on the right is bearded and in Gallic costume. (Sol 2e)
exerg: -/-/AXXIR, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, ph-, off-1, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1790 (Estiot), RIC V-I 63, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
b150_w.jpg
Manuel I Commnenus41 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
Manzikert
Basil_Nomisma.jpg
Byzantine nomisma41 viewsWill have to check the exact emperor on this one - to be updated. Optimus
Bela-IV__U-226_C1-238_H-302_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-226, #0141 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-226, #01
avers:- Emperor .
revers:- B E/L A R/E X,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-226_CNH-1-238_Huszar-302,
Q-001
quadrans
ben5.jpg
AUGUSTUS41 viewsAR cistophoric tetradrachm. (12.07 gm). Ephesus mint, 25-20 BC. Bare head right. IMP CAESAR / Capricorn right, head left, holding cornucopiae ,AVGUSTVS below ; all within laurel wreath. RIC I 480; Sutherland Group VI, 241a (O35/R45-same reverse die); RSC 16. Toned.
Ex. Glenn.W.Woods. Triton VII, Lot: 847. Sternberg XI (20-21 November 1981), lot 566.
benito
Bermuda.jpg
Bermuda41 viewsKm15 - 1 Cent - 1971
Km45 - 5 Cents - 1987
Km46 - 10 Cents - 1986
Km18 - 25 Cents - 1973
Daniel F
bigge.jpg
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. 41 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / DEUTSHCES REICH 1874 FUNF MARK, crowned eagle with Prussian arms on breast.

KM 503

Low mintage 838k
oneill6217
Birytis1OR.jpg
Troas, Birytis, SNG Cop 251 41 viewsTroas, Birytis mint, c. 300 B.C. AE, 9mm 0.74g, SGCV II 4059, SNG Cop 251 ff
O: bearded head of Kabeiros right wearing pilos
R: B-I/PY (clockwise, P reversed), triskelis formed by three crescents, linear border
1 commentscasata137ec
bpBarb1M1Victs.jpg
M1. Victories, Shield and Altar / Matching Dies41 viewsObv: Helmeted and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: Two Victories resting inscribed shield on altar.
2.8 gm 17.5 mm
Comment: Shares same die as coin shown next. Interesting that their seperate paths should find them together here.
Massanutten
bpC1A1Heraclea.jpg
B4. Heraclea RIC VII, 5 R341 viewsFollis 3.2 gm 22.8 mm Struck: 313-314 Mark: SMHT/Є
Obv: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate bust, right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in right hand; eagle with wreath in beak on ground to left.
Massanutten
bpCD1E2Constanstius.jpg
F4. Constantius II, Cyzicus, RIC 65, R, 348-350 AD41 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman.
4.2 gm, 21.8 mm, Ae2, Exergue: SMKΓ
Massanutten
bpCH1L5C2.jpg
L5. Constantine Jr, Londinium RIC 259, C1, 322-23 AD41 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: BEAT TRANQLITAS
Altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX with globe on top and three stars above.
3.1 gm 18.5 mm Ae3 Exergue: F/(PLON)/B
Comment: Celebrates Constantine's fifteenth anniversary of accession and his vows for the next five years.
1 commentsMassanutten
bpJ1B1Agrippa.jpg
C1. Agrippa, Common41 viewsObv: M AGRIPPA L F COS III
Head, left, wearing rostral crown.
Rev: S C
Neptune standing left, holding dolphin and trident.
As 11.1 gm 29 mm Mint: Rome RIC 58
Comment: Issued by Caligula
Massanutten
bpLRE1F6Gratian.jpg
F6. Gratian, Ae2, Siscia, RIC 26(a) (C), LRBC 1519, 378-83 AD41 viewsObv: D N GRATIANVS P F AVG
Pearl diademed and draped bust, right.
Rev: REPARATIO REIPVB
Gratian standing left, holding Victory and raising kneeling female figure.
5 gm 22.3 mm Exergue: BSISC•
Massanutten
bpS1C5Caracalla.jpg
C5. Caracalla41 viewsObv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Rev:PONTIF TR P X COS II
Caracalla standing right, holding spear in right hand, pulling parazonium forward with left hand and left foot resting on helmet.
Denarius, 2.3 gm, 20.4 mm, RIC 95
Comment: A parazonium is a short sword worn at the waist. This coin was issued during his joint reign with his father, Septimus Severus. Obverse shows his relatively early age at eighteen or nineteen years. He murdered his brother, Geta, within the year following his father's death. He was known as a bloodthirsty and cruel emperor and was finally assassinated on April 8, 217.
Massanutten
bpS1G3Macrinus.jpg
G4. Macrinus41 viewsObv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI
Jupiter standing half left with thunderbolt and scepter. Small figure of Macrinus to front.
Denarius, 2.48 gm, 18 mm, Rome RIC 76
ex: Joe Baran
Comment: Magnifico!
1 commentsMassanutten
bpS1Q6Probus.jpg
P4. Probus41 viewsObv: PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ADVENTVS AVG
Probus on horseback left, raising right hand and holding sceptre in left. Captive seated in front of horse.
Antoninianus, 3.9 gm, 22 mm, Rome RIC 158 (Bust type F)
Comment: Coin celebrates his brief visit to Rome in 277 some seven or eight months after his Legions in the Eastern Frontier proclaimed him Emperor on the death of Tacitus.
Massanutten
brit_west_indies.jpg
BRITISH WEST INDIES41 viewsBRITISH WEST INDIES - AR 1/8 Dollar, 1822. This "Anchor COinage" was issued for British Colonies in general, primarily in the West Indies. KM #2dpaul7
c15.JPG
Comemerative41 views1 commentsrandy h2
c2hocsigno-.jpg
CONSTANTIUS II majorina AD35041 viewsobv: D.N.CONSTANTIVS.PF.AVG / A (diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: HOC.SIGNO.VICTORERIS / H / *SIS* (Constantius standing left, holding chi-rho banner & scepter, being crowned by Victory standing left, holding wreath & branch)
ref: RIC VIII-Siscia282b
3.63g, 23mm
Scarce
berserker
caesar denar.jpg
JULIUS CAESAR AR denarius - 49-48 BC41 viewsobv: CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent
rev: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.
ref: Cr443/1; Syd 1006; BMCRR (Gaul) 27, SRC 1399, RSC 49
Military mint travelling with Caesar.
3.62gms, 18.5mm
This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus.
berserker
caesarea_marc_aurel_Sear1661.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius Sear 166141 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - didrachm, 6.77g, 20.93mm
obv. AVTOKR ANTWNEINOC CEB
bare head, r., typical curled hair
rev. VΠA - TOC Γ
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus, star above summit
Metcalf 130a; Sydenham 327; Sear GIC 1661 var.
scarce, VF, lightly toned
Jochen
calabria_tarente__.jpg
Greek, Calabria, Tarentum AR obol (c. 330-302 BC)41 viewso/ Kantharos, five pellets around, one above, two on each side.
r/ Kantharos, five pellets around, one above, two on each side.
9.5x10.5mm. 0.56g. 9h
SNG France 6./-. ANS.1539
ex CGB
3 commentsAugustin Caron
CalI38.jpg
037-041 AD - Caligula - RIC I 38 - Vesta Reverse41 viewsEmperor: Caligula (r. 37-41 AD)
Date: 37-38 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Consul Caesar Augustus Germanicus Chief Priest Tribune
Bare head left

Reverse: VESTA (above)
The Emperor looks after the state.
S - C to left and right
Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, right holding patera, left long transverse sceptre.

Rome mint
RIC I Caligula 38; VM 9
5.61g; 26.0mm; 180°
Pep
CALISE02-2.jpg
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 46, Sestertius of AD 39-4041 viewsĆ sestertius (30.4g, Ř35mm, 6h) Rome mint, struck AD 39-40.
Obv.: C·CAESAR·DIVI AVG·PRON·AVG·P·M·TR·P·III·P·P, laureate head of Gaius facing left.
Rev.: S·P·Q·R / P·P / OB·CIVES / SERVATOS in four lines oak wreath.
RIC 46 (R2); BMC 58; Cohen 25; Sear (RCV 2K) 1801; Foss (RHC) 61:13
Ex G. Henzen
Second issue to publicise the title PATER PATRIAE (father of the fatherland) awarded to him in A.D.38 by the Senate.
2 commentsCharles S
Capture_00002~0.JPG
Hamaxitos, Troas41 views400-310 BC
Bronze Ć 17
4.34 gm, 17 mm
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: AMA / ΞI, kithara or lyre
BMC (xvii) p.56, 1 (var. right)
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00007.JPG
Kings of Macedon - Philip V - Persius41 views185-168 B.C.
Bronze AE22
8.61 gm, 22 mm
Obv.: Reed-wreath head of river-god Strymon right
Rev.: MAKE-ΔONΩN, ornamented trident right,
monograms left
Amphipolis mint
BMC v p.12, 45; SNG Cop. 1299
2 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00144.JPG
Maroneia, Thrace (Roman Rule)41 views146 - 45 B.C.
Bronze AE 18
5.38 gm, 18 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left,
MAPΩNITΩN (mirrored and retrograde) to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79; Schonert-Geiss 1627; similar - not retrograde
Jaimelai
Caracalla.jpg
Caracalla41 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM.Rad and draped bust.r Rev. PMTRP XV IIII COS IIII PP.Sol stg.facing.hd.l.Right hand raised,holding globe in left. RIC 281a(rome ad 216) weight 3,701 commentsspikbjorn
Caracalla_AE_25~0.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 41 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Ć 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_MARTI-PRO-PV-GNATORI_RIC-IV-I-223-p-217_C-150_Rome_213-AD_Q-001_0h_18-18,5mm_2,32g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 223, Rome, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #141 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 223, Rome, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,32g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_comme_Caesar_AR_denier,Superbe.jpg
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 41 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla_Odessos_TheosMegas.jpg
Caracalla, Odessos, Theos Megas, AE2841 viewsAE28, 10.78 g
obv: laureate head right
rev: the Great God of Odessos standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, lighted altar at feet
areich
Caracalla_RIC_4.JPG
Caracalla (as Caesar), 195 - 198 AD41 viewsObv: M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla facing right, seen from the front.

Rev: SEVERI AVG PII FIL, Priestly implements; lituus, axe, jug, simpulum and sprinkler.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 196 AD

2.7 grams, 18 mm, 180°

RIC IVi 4, RSC 587, S6679

Front facing busts are not listed in RIC for this type and much more scarce than the bust seen from the rear.
SPQR Coins
Caracalla_Traianopolis_Telesphorus_AE17_3.85g.jpg
Caracalla, Traianopolis, Telesphorus, AE1741 viewsCaracalla 197-217
Trajanopolis Thrace
17mm, 3.85g
Obv: AVT K M AVR C[E ANTΩNEINOC], laureate head right
Rev: TRAIANO - POΛEITΩN, Telesphorus facing, wearing hooded cloak
Schönert-Geiss 146 (V 67/R 124)
1 commentsareich
caracalla~0.jpg
Caracalla Prov41 viewsFrom Isegrim per archivum (http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=42896.0)

PRO: BITHYNIA
PO : NICAEA
PZ : Between 198 and 217
Obverse
VSG: AYT K M AYRH ANTWNEINOS AYG
VT : PORTRAIT MAN R / CARACALLA
VA : WREATH LAUREL
VG : ROUND / WOMAN STANDING HR / NIKE
Reverse
RSG: EIS AIWNA TOYS KYRIOYS NIKAIEWN
RT : PERSONS 3 / MAN STANDING HR(1) / EMPEROR(1) / MAN STANDING HL(2) / EMPEROR(2) / ALTAR / WOMAN STANDING HL(3) / HOMONOIA(3)
RA : STAFF(1-3) / CLASPING HANDS(1-2) / PATERA(3)
Technical details
M : AE
GEW: 13.39(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: SNG AUL 590(1) / WEISER SLG KOELN S345,17(1)
Additional remarks
FR : VS: AYT K M AYRH ANTWNEINOS AYG RS: EIS AIWNA TOYS KYRI NIKAIEWN

Thanks to achivum/slokind/Jochen/Curtis Clay for attribution help!
fordicus
CaraForum.jpg
Caracalla, AE 24 Diassaria41 viewsPIVS AVGV ANTONINVS
Laureate bust right
MVNIC S/TOBE
Nike advancing right with wreath and palm
Cohen IV 715-716, BMCG 10-12
Obverse die (V10) occurs with reverses Zeus sitting (R10), Nike standing (R127), and Nike advancing right (R82). This reverse die may be unlisted.
whitetd49
CaraNikoDemeter.jpg
Caracalla, AE 2941 viewsAV K M . AVRHLI . ANTWNINOC
Bust laureate, cuirassed, draped, right, seen from behind
VPA AVR GALLOV NI/KOPOLIT . PROC IC .
Demeter standing facing, head veiled left, holding heavy basket torch and grain ears with poppy head.
AMNG -, Varbanov (Eng.) I, -.

1 commentswhitetd49
CaraStobe25.JPG
Caracalla, AE 25 Diassaria41 viewsM AVR ANTONINVS/ AV
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
MVNICI STO/BEN
Nike-Nemesis advancing left with wreath and palm, wheel at her feet
Josifovski 505 and 510, same dies (V52, R190) in private collection
Kuzmanovic Collection -
whitetd49
CarinusPrincipiIvvent.jpg
41 views2 commentsmarandnumiz
Centenional Graciano RIC IX Thessalonica 26c, type xv.jpg
A140-20 - Graciano (367 - 383 D.C.)41 viewsAE3 Centenional 18 x 17 mm 1.7 gr.
Hijo mayor y Co-Augusto de Valentiniano I

Anv: "DN GRATIANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLORIA RO-MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente avanzando a derecha, arrastrando por los pelos a un prisionero con el brazo derecho y portando un Labarum (Estandarte), con el signo Chi-Ro en su bandera, en su mano izquierda. "TES" en exergo y " * / B " en campo derecho.

Acuńada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Thessalonica) #26c Pag.178 tipo xv - Cohen Vol.VIII #23 Pag.129 - DVM #43 Pag.310 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9124.g. Pag.278 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4142
mdelvalle
Centenional Valente RIC IX Siscia 15b, type xx.jpg
A138-14 - Valente (364 - 378 D.C.)41 viewsAE3 Centenional 18 x 19 mm 2.5 gr.

Anv: "DN VALEN-S P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona en la mano de su brazo derecho extendido y una hoja de palma en la izquierda. "ASISC" en exergo, " * / R / o " y " · / M ".

Acuńada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #15b Pag.147 tipo xx - Cohen Vol.VIII #47 Pag.110 - DVM #49 Pag.308 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9077.f. Pag.274 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4118
mdelvalle
Chile2.jpg
Chile41 viewsKm176.1 - 1 Peso - 1933 - (1933)
Km207 - 1 Peso - 1975 - (1975)
Km208a - 1 Peso - 1978 - (1978-1979)
Km216.2 - 1 Peso - 1992 - (1988-1992)
Km231 - 1 Peso - 1996 - (1992-2006)
Km217.2 - 5 Pesos - 1989 - (1988-1990)
Km232 - 5 Pesos - 1995 - (1992-1995)
Daniel F
chilo.jpg
L. Flaminius Chilo 109-108 BC.41 viewsL. Flaminius Chilo 109-108 BC., silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA (ccw behind head).
Reverse- Victory in biga right, wreath in outstretched right hand, reigns in left hand, L.FLAMINI (in bottom field) / CILO (in exergue).
RSC Flaminia 1, 3.93g, 20mm
b70
Claudius_As.jpg
Claudius As41 viewsClaudius AE As.
Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR IMP, bare head left
Rev: S-C across field, Minerva standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield on left arm.

RIC 100, Cohen 84v, BMC 149, Sear 1861
3 commentsTanit
Claudius_as_RIC_113.jpg
Claudius41 viewsClaudius, as
RIC 113
8.77 g.
Obv. TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left.
Rev. LIBERTAS AVGVSTA SC: Libertas standing right, holding pileus and extending her arm.
2 commentsMarsman
claud_II_Vic_com.JPG
Claudius II Ric V-1 Milan 17141 viewsAE 19 mm 3.7 grams
OBV :: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG. Radiate and draped bust right, seen from rear
REV :: VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath raised in left hand, palm branch in right
EX :: S
REF :: Normanby hoard 1008 (RIC V-1, 171 Milan var - bust type)
RIC rated Rare
Purchased 04/2010
2 commentsJohnny
Clothing_or_belt_clip_Griff_or___AE-enamelled-and_Gold_plated_Q-001_37x34mm_21,11g-s.jpg
Clothing or belt clip, Enamelled and Gold plated, Griff or ??? animal #0141 viewsClothing or belt clip, Enamelled and Gold plated, Griff or ??? animal #01
type:AE-Clip Enamelled and Gold plated
size: 37x34mm,
weight: 21,11g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
Coal_Shovel.jpg
Brass Coal Shuttle41 viewsDate: Late 19th/early 20th century

This device was used to scoop coal easily. It has porcelain handles painted with a cobalt blue design.
1 commentsNoah
coins1 100.jpg
maximinus II caesar41 viewsmaximinus II,as caesar, 308-310 A.D.
OBV: GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
REV: GENIO CAESARIS CMH, Genius standing left with modius on head, patera from which liquor flows, & cornucopiae.
EX: SMNT(Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey)
ancientcoins
collage3~8.jpg
Salonina, Alexandria41 viewsSalonina 254-268 AD
Billon Tetradrachm; 22mm; 9.91g
Alexandria, Egypt

KOPNHDIA CADWNEINA CEB
Draped and diad. bust right

L I D
Regnal Year 14= 266/67
Tyche holding cornucopiae and anchor standing left

SGI 4696v, BMC 2263, KE 3864
1 commentsarizonarobin
collage4~1.jpg
Fausta, Cyzicus41 viewsFLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG
Mantled and bareheaded bust right with waved hair

SPES REIP-VBLICAE
Empress (as Spes) standing facing, looking left, head veiled, and holding two children in her arms

SMKA(dot)
Cyzicus Mint

RIC VII Cyzicus 40
Ae3; 19-20 mm; 3.08g
arizonarobin
Commodus sestertius Fortuna.jpg
Commodus, Sestertius41 viewsRIC 513
Rev: P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P, FOR RED in exergue, Fortuna seated left holding cornucopia and rudder.
E Pinniger
Commodus-Sesterz-HERCROMAN-RIC640.jpg
VII-COMMODUS -a- 007 Sestertius RIC III/64041 viewsA) L AEL COMM AVG P FEL
Laureate head right

R) HERCVLI ROMANO AVG SC
Hercules standing left, leaning arm on a trophaion, in other hand holding cube and lion-skin

Weight: 24,3g; Ř: 29mm; Referece: RIC III/640; ROME mint; struck: 192 A.D.
sulcipius
Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia41 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Bluefish
Constance II 2.jpg
Constantius II - AE4 of Antioch (337-348)41 viewsD.N. CONSTANTIVS P.F. AVG.
VOT. / XX / MVLT. / XXX in wreath , exergue : SMANB (Antioch)
1 commentsGinolerhino
constansbeac.JPG
Constans AE3 333-337 AD41 viewsOBV: FL CONSTANTIS BEAC; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: GLORI-AEXERC-ITUS; Two soldiers standing with inverted spears and leaning on shields, two military standards between.
in Exergue: dot ASIS dot
RIC VII 238 Siscia mint,

The coin is the only type using the genitive inflection in the legends FLavii CONSTANTIS BEAtissimus Caesaris or "of Flavius Constans, most blessed Caesar". This is common in Greek coins but otherwise unknown in Roman coins. All others are given in the nominative or occasionally the dative case eg. "divo constantino" (per Gert). Constans was only 10-13 years of age when the coin was issued.
Constans' father had established Christianity in Rome and his grandmother Helena was a Saint (or religious fanatic, if you prefer). Additionally Constantine had other older sons who might succeed him. Though it is only a guess I think that the young Constans expressed a desire to join the church rather than compete for imperial power and thus inspired this coin.

Rarity R4 wt 2.4 gms
1 commentsdaverino
Constans_AE-3-Follis_DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG_FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO_-A-SIS-dot-_RIC-VIII-232-p366_Siscia-348-50-AD_Q-001_6h_17-19mm_2,63ga-s.jpg
Siscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!41 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
Q-001
quadrans
Constans_V.jpg
Constans41 viewsConstans AE2 Trier,
347-348 AD.

obv: DN CONSTANS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier dragging young barbarian from hut.
TRS in ex.
RIC 224.
4 commentsGeorge
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 90.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Nicomedia 9041 viewsAE3, 20mm, 2.50g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate with 2 turrets, 6 rows, no door, star above.

Exe: SMNB (Nicomedia, Officina 2).

RIC VII 90, 324-5, R1.
Robert_Brenchley
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 258.jpg
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII Trier 25841 viewsAE3, 14x16mm, 3.71g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Helmeted and Cuirassed Bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, VOT/XX on standard between two captives.

Exe PTR (Trier Officina 1).

RIC VII 258, 320, R4.
Robert_Brenchley
Constantine_II_GLORIA_EXERCITVS_2.jpg
Constantine II- GLORIA EXERCITVS41 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right

CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

CONSTANTINVS: Constantine
IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

Reverse:
GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army

GLORIA: Glory
EXERCITVS: Army


Two soldiers each holding spear and shield and flanking one standard with Chi-Rho

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm

Mint: PLG Prima Lugdunum (Prima= 1st Oficina). Minted before 340 AD. Ref. Lyons VIII Lyons 6. Rarity: Common (C).
John S
CONSTANTINE_I_FOLLIS_SOLI_INVICTO~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE Follis of Nicomedia. Struck c.A.D.312. 41 viewsObverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate head of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO. Sol, fully dressed in long robe, standing facing left, right hand raised and holding head of Serapis in left; in left field, A; in right field, crescent; in exergue, SMN.
RIC VI : 73c
Scarce
2 comments*Alex
constantine_i_vot_1~0.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)41 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
OBV: CONSTANTINVS AVG
LAUR HEAD R
REV: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG AROUND LAUREL WREATH, VOT DOT DOT XX WITHIN, IN 4 LINES
TSAVI IN EXE
THESSALONICA
2 commentslaney
constantine_i_vot_4_res.jpg
CONSTANTINE I -- VOT XX41 viewsAE 19 mm 3.42 g
OBV: CONSTANTINVS AVG
LAUR HEAD R
REV: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG AROUND LAUREL WREATH, VOT DOT XX WITHIN, IN 3 LINES, STAR BELOW
SMHA IN EXE
HEARCLEA
RIC 60
1 commentslaney
Constantine_RIC_VII_007.jpg
Constantine I AE3 Constantinople Campgate RIC VII 00741 viewsSilvered bronze AE3 RIC VII 007, Constantinople (CONS) mint. diameter 18 mm.
Obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG.laureate head right; reverse 7 rows of blocks PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, A in left field,
two turrets, star above. CONS in ex.
NORMAN K
constantinII_aquileia_93var.jpg
Constantine II RIC VII, Aquileia 94 var.41 viewsConstantine II, Caesar AD 317-337, son of Constantine I the Great
AE - Follis, 2.88g, 19mm
Aquileia 3rd officina, AD 321
obv. CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
wreath with VOT/V
exergue: dot AQT dot
RIC VII, Aquileia 94 var.
R2; about EF

RIC VII, Aquileia 94 has obv. legend NOB CAES instead of NOB C! Because another coin is known (RIC VII, Aquileia 101 var.) with NOB C and ex. dot AQT dot it is probably an intermediate issue between AD 321 (NOB CAES) and AD 322 (NOB C). Thanks Stickman!
Jochen
Constantius-I_AE-Quarter-Follis_FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_4a-A_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX_B_I_ALE_RIC-VI-33a_p-665_Alexandria_301-AD_C2_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,41 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-33a, p-665, C2,
Q-001
quadrans
constantiusII_aquileia_96.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Aquileia 9641 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 6.2g, 24mm
Aquileia, 1.officina, 2.group, AD 348-350
obv. DN CONSTAN - TINVS PF AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r.
rev. FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO
Soldier spearing falling horseman; he is waeing a pointed hat and is kneeling l. in front of his horse (RIC type FH1 kneeling, rare)
field right: star
exergue: AQP dot
RIC VIII, Aquileia 96; LRBC 892
S!, about EF, flan break at 9 o'clock

Not in Helvetica's list.

This issue celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara AD 344 against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
1 commentsJochen
Constantius_II_FT_Constantinople_(2).JPG
Constantius II FT Constantinople (2)41 viewsConstantius II, Constantinople, 351 - 355 AD, 18mm, 2.8g, RIC 121
OBV: DN Constantius PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman with no beard hair in topknot, reaching, dot in center
CONSS in exergue
no beard, hair in a topknot, reaching (hairstyle not in RIC)
Rare legend break in R-EP...
Romanorvm
CONSTNS-20.jpg
Constans RIC VIII 10041 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN
two Victories facing each other holding wreaths and palm branches,dot between
SMTSr in ex.
16mm 1.3 gm
OWL365
Contarini.jpg
Jacopo Contarini (1275-80)41 viewsJacopo Contarini, AR Grosso
Obv: I•A OTARIN DUX SM VENETI , Doge and St. Mark.
Rev: IC XC, Christ enthroned.
1 commentsblot-sven
CONTINE2-17.jpg
Constantine II RIC VIII 8941 viewsObv:CONSTINVS MAX AVG
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS
two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard with chi-rho on banner between them
ASIS crescent in ex.
17mm 1.6 gm
1 commentsOWL365
Conway-29-GORDIAN3.jpg
Ric-150 Gordian III - Providentia41 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
PROVIDENTIA AVG - Providentia standing left, holding a baton over the globe (universe-world) at her feet; left hand grasps perpendicular scepter

Ric -150 Cohen-299 June-Dec. AD 243 (12th Issue, 4th Officina)
jimwho523
cos_x.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9641 viewsAR Denarius, 20.38 mm (3.42 gm).

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANIC, laureate head right / P M TR POT III IMP V COS X P P, eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings outspread, head left. Rome mint, struck 84 AD.

RIC II.1, 196 (R2); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted.

6 commentssocalcoins
cri55.jpg
Crispina (178 - 182 A.D.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
R: DIS GENITABILIS, lighted altar.
Rome
17.5mm
3.15g
RSC 15

Apparently commemorating an altar dedicated by the empress in hope of or thanks for a blessing of fecundity from the dii genitales.
5 commentsMat
Crispa IVNO.jpg
Crispina- IVNO LVCINA41 viewsCrispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 -182 A.D.

Obverse:

CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair knotted in a bun in back

CRISPINA AVGVSTA

CRISPINA: Crispina
AVGVSTA: Augusta

Reverse:

IVNO LVCINA S C,

IVNO: Juno, goddess
LVCINA: Light
S C: Senatus Consulto


IVNO LVCINA (Goddess of light) S C, Juno standing left, holding patera (a bowl used to pour libations) and scepter

Domination:Middlle Bronze, Orichalcum Sstertius/ Dupondius, 25 mm

Mint: Rom
John Schou
crispina.jpg
Crispina (Augusta)41 viewsCrispina (Augusta)
AE As/Dupondius 14.28g
Ob: CRISPINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right, hair tied in bun on back of head
Rv: IVNO LVCINA - S-C across field, Juno standing left, holding patera & scepter
Mint: Rome (177 AD)
Ref: RIC II 680 (Commodus); Cohen 24, Sear #5 6018; BMC 433 (Commodus)
Scotvs Capitis
Cyzicus57cg~0.jpg
PROVIDENTIAE AVGG-Cyzicus 57, eyes to the heavens41 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 328-9
CONSTAN TINVS AVG head with plain diadem, looking up to Heavens
PROVIDEN TIAE AVGG [In honor of the foresight of the Emperors]
campgate with two turrets and star above.
In exergue SMKB dot
RIC VII Cyzicus 57
r5

rare because this bust with campgate reverse was only issued at Cyzicus.

"How deeply his soul was impressed by the power of divine faith may be understood from the circumstance that he directed his likeness to be stamped on the golden coin of the empire with eyes uplifted as in the posture of prayer to God: and this money became current throughout the Roman world." Eusebius (IV.15)
vic9128
D-021-050.jpg
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Liard- 158241 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ L . P . [DOMBAR .] D . MONTISP . M, Grand L couronné.
+ DNS ADIVTOR . MEVS . 1582, croix florencee
0.78 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 50, PA # 5129v, Mantellier # 29v
Potator II
D0814.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum, Nomos41 viewsCalabria, Tarentum
290 – 281 BCE
AR Nomos – 7.81 gms

Obv: Nude ephebus on horse rearing r., spearing downward with right hand and holding round shield and two spare javelins in left, ΣA under horse
Rev: TAPAΣ, Taras riding dolphin left, extending right hand and holding distaff in left, pellet in l. field, prow left below

SNG ANS 985-6, Vlasto 586-7
4 commentsdlyumkis
D509.jpg
Domitian RIC-50941 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C), BMC 106, RSC 215a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
VF

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Decentius RIC VIII 170 obv and rev.jpg
Decentius, RIC X 7041 viewsDecentius
AE Centenionalis
Arelate Mint. 351-353 A.D.
17.6mm. 1.71g (small and light for issue)
Die alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN DECENTIVS CAESAR - Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right. "A" behind bust.
Rev: Two Victories facing each other, holding wreaths inscribed with VOT/V/MVL/X.
Exergue: FPAR
Ref: RIC VIII Arelate 170. Sear '64-3935var. VM 11b var.
Notes: Ex Forvm member (jbaran) coin
seraphic
Denarius METELLUS.jpg
10-01 - C. POBLICIUS, A. POSTUMIUS S. F. ALBINUS y L. CAECILIUS METELLUS (96 A.C.)41 viewsAR Denarius 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: "L·METEL detrás A·ALB·S·F delante de Cabeza laureada de Apolo viendo a derecha - "*" debajo del cuello.
Rev: "C·MALL" (AL en ligadura) - Roma sentada a izquierda sobre una pila de escudos, detrás de ella Victoria coronándola. "ROMA" en exergo.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #220 Pag.114 - Craw RRC #335/1 a-c - Syd CRR #611-611a - BMCRR #724/726/730 - RSC Vol.1 Caecilia 45-46a Pag.21
mdelvalle
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.41 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
divomaurel_RIC661(Comm).jpg
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE sestertius - struck 180 AD41 viewsobv: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS (Marcus Autrelius bare head right)
rev: CONSECRATIO (Statue of Aurelius in quadriga drawn by elephants), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC III 661 (Commodus), Cohen 95 (30 frcs)
18.31gms, 28mm
Very rare

The last ’Good Emperor’, Marcus Aurelius died at a military encampment at Bononia on the Danube on 17 March 180, possibly of the plague, leaving the Roman Empire to his nineteen-year-old son. Upon hearing of his father's death, Commodus made preparations for Marcus' funeral, made concessions to the northern tribes, and made haste to return back to Rome in order to enjoy peace after nearly two decades of war.
1 commentsberserker
Divus_Claudius_Gothicus_R_CONSECRATIO_eagle.jpg
Divo Claudio Gothico, Roma mint, R/CONSECRATIO eagle (Braithwell hoard)41 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus (A.D.268-270), antoninianus, zecca di Roma
AE, 1.63 gr, 18 mm, qBB
D/ DIVO CLAVDIO, busto drappeggiato e radiato a dx
R/ CONSECRATIO, aquila
RIC 266; Braithwell Report #131 (5 esemplari nell' hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (23 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 22), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
domi.jpg
Domitian (81 - 96 A.D.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI, laureate head right.
R: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, holding spear and shield, owl at foot right.
Rome Mint, 87 A.D.
3.3g
19mm
RIC 507, RSC 218, BMC 103
6 commentsMat
domif.jpg
841 views85. Silver denarius, 19mm, 3.6g, Rome 82 A.D., Carradice 82.2, RIC 32, BMC 34, RSC 610

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate bearded head right
TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII P P, Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia.

The first issue of a reform which increased the denarius quality from app. 90-92% Ag and 3.3g to 98% Ag and3.5-3.6g.

1 commentsFORVM AUCTIONS
Domitas03D+R.jpg
41 viewsDomitianus - AE as.Rugser
Domitian_RIC_II_56.jpg
Domitian RIC II 005641 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.32g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva adv. r. with spear and shield. RIC II 56 (R2), BMC 299, RSC 560a. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

A very early and scarce Domitian with PONT in the obverse. There are very few recorded specimens for this denarius, Rome, Reka Devina hoard, F.Gnecchi in Riv. Ital. 1896, and C. Clay collection. The Clay example is same dies as this specimen.
3 commentsLucas H
driciiOR.jpg
Domitian Fouree Denarius, (imitating) RIC II 1084 (Vespasian)41 viewsUnofficial mint, Domitian Fouree Denarius, c. 79 A.D. AE plated w/AR, 2.86g 18mm, (imitating) RIC II 1084 (Vespasian)
O: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right
R: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Salus standing right, leaning on column & feeding snake
2 commentscasata137ec
Drusus-Sesterz-2cornucopiae-RIC[Tib]42.jpg
II-TIBERIUS-a - 005 Sestertius RIC I/4241 viewsAv) No legend
Confronting heads of two little boys on crossed cornucopiae, with winged caduceus in between

Rv) DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N PONT TR POT II around large SC

Weight: 24,88g; Ř:34mm; Reference: RIC I [TIB]/42, ROME mint; struck 22 A.D. - 23A.D.
3 commentssulcipius
DSC00206.JPG
Pompeii wall painting41 viewsAnother stunning painting from Pompeii. The colors seem like they were painted yesteday.Titus Pullo
DSC07559_DSC07569_zeelandia_1745_2-S_obv-rev.JPG
Netherlands 1745 Zeelandia - Silver Two Stuivers41 viewsZeelandia, Silver 2 Stuivers. Struck 1745.
Sometimes called a "New York Dime" Being one of the first currencies to be widely used in the New World.

obv: 2 S - Rampant Lion in water on coat of arms with crown atop.
rev: ZEE LAN DIA. .1745. - Castle Turret above, between two stars.

---
-
1 commentsrexesq
DT231_Bellovaci_bronze_unit_r3__.jpg
Gaul, Bellovaci (Gallia Belgica) bronze unit (c. 50-25 AC)41 viewso/ Stylized bearded head right, with hair finishing in a mushroom shape.
r/ Stylized lion left
2,26g. 18,5x20mm. 4h
Scheers, Traité 471; BMC 32; Scheers Seine Mar. 646; L.T. 8577; DT 231.
5 commentsAugustin Caron
Dupondio ANTONINO PIO RIC 953.jpg
31-24 - ANTONINO PIO (138 - 161 D.C.)41 viewsAE Dupondio 25 mm 13.2 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P [IMP II]" - Busto radiado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[TR PO]T XIX COS IIII - S C" - Providencia de pié a izquierda seńalando con el dedo índice de la mano derecha un globo en tierra a sus piés y portando largo cetro vertical en mano izquierda.

Acuńada 155 - 156 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #953 Pag.144 - Sear RCTV (Edición 1988) #1285 - Cohen Vol.II #978 Pag.364 - DVM #115 Pag.140
mdelvalle
dupondius03.JPG
Alexander Severus, Rome mint, struck 231-235 AD, Æ Dupondius41 viewsIMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG radiate-headed bust right
IOVI PROGVGNATORI, S-C Iuppiter advancing left
RIC 632; Cohen 88
2 commentsdupondius
dup_VIII_Dl_quadriga.jpg
VIII quadriga Dl duplicate41 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust radiate right
Reverse: PMTRPVIIICOSIIIPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander laureate and togate, standing in decorated quadriga right, holding reins and eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand and extending right
BMC 579, RIC 497
Weight 8.30g; die axis 12h
1 commentsmix_val
elagabalus ant2-.jpg
218 AD - ELAGABALUS antoninianus 41 viewsobv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: P M TR P COS P P (Roma seated left holding Victory and scepter, shield at her side)
ref: RIC IVii 1 (C), C.125 (3frcs.), S 2086
3.94gms
ex Numismatic LANZ
1 commentsberserker
elagabal_moushmov1397.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) 8.26.08.03 (plate coin)41 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 12.09g, 26.87mm, 180°
struck under governor Novius Rufius
obv. AVT KM AVP - ANTWNINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VP NOB ROVFOV NIKOPO[LITWN] PROC ICTPON
Dionysos stg. l., resting with raised l. hand on ribboned thyrsos l. and pouring wine from kantharos in extended r. hand
ref. a) AMNG I/1, [1931] var. (2 ex., Mandl, Sofia, but have ANTWNEIOC)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4105 (rev. from same die)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov No. (2013) 8.26.8.3 (plate coin)
about VF
added to www.wildwinds.com
Jochen
Emisa_S___P_Mint_Elagabalus.jpg
Emisa S & P Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin218 - 222 AD 41 views22 7.7 gram Emisa
BMC 21 Elagabalus, AE of Emisa, Syria. AVT K M A ANTWNINOC (or similar), radiate head right / MHTRO K EMICWN HLIA (above), PYQIA (below) below, prize urn between two palms (eagle on left?). BMC 21; Mionnet S8, 166.

Antonivs Protti
ephesus_septimius_severus_.jpg
Ionia, Ephesos, Septimius Severus unpublished41 viewsSeptimius Severus AD 193-211
AE 17, 2.6g
obv. AV KL [CEP - C]EVHROC
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. EFEC - I / WN
Boar running r., transfixed by spear
unpublished
Rare, good F
A similar issue is known for Caracalla, BMC 280 and for Macrinus, SNG Copenhagen 438.

The boar belongs to the local founder myth of Ephesos.
For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Jochen
ericiv150ORweb.jpg
Elagabalus Denarius, RIC IV 15041 viewsRome Mint, Elagabalus denarius, 218-222 A.D. AR, 19.2mm 2.66g, RIC IV 150, RSC III 282
O: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right
R: TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing half left, long vertical caduceus in right, cornucopia in left
4 commentscasata137ec
Estatera Boeotia.jpg
Estátera. Boeotia41 viewsCeca: Boeotia
Datación: 345-307 aC
Valor: Estátera
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 2400 variante (diferente magistrado)
Conservación: MBC
Metal: AG
Peso: 12,12 gr.
Diámetro: 22 x 21 mm.
Anverso: Escudo beocio
Reverso: Ánfora flanqueada por la marca de magistrado
1 commentsJuan B
exp_ant1.jpg
605cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE"
Carausius greeting Britannia
London mint?
-/-//RSR?
RIC - (cf 605)
mauseus
F101.jpg
John Hyrcanus I41 viewsYehochanan the high priest and Concil of Jews
mint : Jerusalem
134-104 BC
Hendin 452
frederic
fake.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan)41 views103 - 76 B.C.
Widow’s Mite
Bronze prutah (or lepton)
1.55 g, 19 mm
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY around inverted anchor
Rev.: star surrounded by diadem

Modern replica received in advertisement for
The Jewish Voice Ministries
Jaimelai
faudet.jpg
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: DIVA FAUSTINA PIA, Draped bust right.
R: CONSECRATIO Pietas standing left, sacrificing from patera over a lighted altar and holding a sceptre.
Rome
3.2g
18.5mm
RIC III 741 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 57-4/10' BMCRE 711 note; RSC 65

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds!
8 commentsMat
Fibula-051_Q-001_35x18mm_4,27g-s.jpg
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #4, Fibula #051,41 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #4, Fibula #051,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with three knobs type. Small blech fibula with three knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type below but lacks the lateral "caterpillar" and animal head motifs on the foot.
Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 35x18mm,
weight: 4,27g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Q-004
quadrans
Fibula-052_Q-001_32x21mm_3,56ga-s.jpg
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,41 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,
This is the round head with three knobs type. Small fibula with half-round head with three knobs and chip-carved radiate design, straight narrow foot with lateral "caterpillar" ridges and usually animal head foot. A Krefeld type fibula. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
A small variant of this type. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 32x21mm,
weight: 3,56g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: Krefeld type, Stanev 1.2.3.2,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths. Middle and lower Danube. Northern Serbia and northern Bulgaria. Ostrogothic, likely Theodoric's tribes.
Q-001
quadrans
Fibula-077_Medieval_Brooch_fibula_Q-001_26,5x26,5mm_5,42g-s.jpg
Medieval Brooch_Annular-type_Gold plated_Fibula #077,41 viewsMedieval Brooch_Annular-type_Gold plated_Fibula #077,
size: 26,5x26,5mm,
weight: 5,42g,
date: 1100-1400 A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_XXI-Z_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-32_p-_T-4251_Rome_iss_-1_off_-7_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_20mm_2,91g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, Rome, T-4251, RIC V-I 032, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left,41 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, Rome, T-4251, RIC V-I 032, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter stg. l., head r., holding long sceptre in r. hand and thunderbolt in l. hand. Jupiter-2.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4251,
Q-001
quadrans
Fonteius2.jpg
Mn. Fonteius denar 85 BC41 viewsRepublican coinage1 commentstibsi67
france_louis_xv_1726.jpg
FRANCE -- Louis XV41 viewsFRANCE -- Louis XV (1715-1774) Silver 1/2-Ecu, 1726, L Mintmark (Bayonne Mint) - Obv.: Bust left, LUD . XV . D . G . FR . ER NAV . REX Rev.: Crowned oval arms in wreath; mintmark below. SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTU, * 1726 Reference: KM #484.11 dpaul7
G1.JPG
Geta - The veiled Emperor41 viewsDenarius 209
O/ P SEPTIMIUS - GETA CAES Draped bust right
R/ PONTIF - COS II Geta, veiled, standing half-left, sacrificing out of patera over tripod
C 119 - RIC 62b
Mint: Rome
septimus
Gallienus MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var41 viewsAnt, 21mm, 3.05g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing L holding branch & shield.

Mediolanum, RIC 492 var, Common.

Variant reverse: Mars is standing rather than walking. This reverse is recorded from Rome.
Robert_Brenchley
Gallienus VICT GERMANICA RIC 44.jpg
VICT GERMANICA RIC V/1 4441 viewsAnt, 20x22mm, 3.20g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS PGF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VICT GERMANICA, Victory walking L, trampling captive.

Lugdunum, RIC V/1 44, Common

Double strike on reverse.
Robert_Brenchley
Gallienus- RIC 49.JPG
Gallienus- RIC 4941 viewsAR Antoninianus, Cologne, 258-259 AD
Obverse: GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICT GERMANICA, Victory standing right on globe. captive seated to each side.
2.9gm, 22mm
3 commentsJerome Holderman
gallienusperga.jpg
Pamphylia, Perga. Gallienus AE3141 viewsPRO: PAMPHYLIA
PO : PERGA
PZ : Between 253 and 268
TIG: IERA / LAMPRA / ENDOXOS / NEWKOROS / PRWTH
Obverse
VSG: AYT KAI PO LI GALLIHNO SEB I
VT : PORTRAIT MAN R / GALLIENUS
VA : WREATH LAUREL / CLOTHES
VF : VALUE I
Reverse
RSG: IERA LAMPRA ENDOXOS NEWKOROS PERGH PRWTH
RT : INSCRIPTION / WITHIN / WREATH LAUREL
Technical details
M : AE
GEW: 13.92(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: SNG AUL 4729(1)
Additional remarks
FR : VS: AYT KAI PO LI GALLIHNO SEB I RS: IERA LAMPRA ENDOXOS NEWKOROS PERGH PRWTH
ancientone
Germanicus.jpg
Germanicus - Commemorative issued by Caligula41 viewsAs, 10.30 g, 26 mm, 7 h, 37-38 AD

Obverse: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N
Bare head right

Reverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC

Rome mint

RIC I 35
drjbca
geta-eleph.JPG
Geta from Nikaia41 viewsGeta AE14, Nikaia, Bithynia.
Obv: ΓETAC KAICAP, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: NIKAIEΩN, African elephant walking right.
Ř 14 mm, 1.61 g.
RG II, p. 463, plate LXXX, 22 (same dies)
Very rare

Not a gem, but hard to find in any condition; and sweeeet.
1 commentsPscipio
Geta.jpg
Geta41 viewsGeta 209-212 A.D.

Obv: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES
Rev: PONTIF COS II
RIC 59
Barry
GG-Con_ISol49__10.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Soli Invicto Comiti, Treveri, A.D.310-31341 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: SOLI INVICTO COMITI Radiate draped bust of Sol right

RIC VI Treveri 893, minted A.D.310-313
Weight: 4.10g Diameter 21.7-22.9mm
1 commentsnemesis
GIII-Ric111.jpg
Ric-111 - Gordian III AETERNITATI AVG41 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AETERNITATI AVG - Sol, the god of the sun, stands right, holding a globe

4th issue. A scarcer type and a nice coin! RIC-111(r) RSC 39
jimwho523
GIII-Ric127(r).jpg
Ric-127 - Gordian III DIANA LVCIFERA41 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate and draped bust right
DIANA LVCIFERA - Diana, the moon-goddess, sister of Apollo, standing right, holding long, lighted torch

RIC-127(r) Cohen-69 Sear-2470
jimwho523
gordianIII_hadrianopolis.jpg
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Gordian III, Jurukova 59141 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 25, 9.39g
obv. AVT KM ANT - GORDIANOC
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. ADRIANO - POLEITWN
Artemis stg. l., drawing arrow from quiver, holding bow, stag at feet.
VF, nice brown-green patina
Jurukova pl. LV, no. 591 (same dies). (Attr. by Curtis Clay)
added to www.wildwinds.com

ARTEMIS actually Ephesian type, I think, considering the use of the stag and the standing pose. Pat Lawrence
2 commentsJochen
Gordianus-III_AE-23-Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT_Deultum-Thrace-_AD_Q-001_7h_22,5-23mm_6,19g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left, 41 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG (AV ligate), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT, Artemis walking left with bow and arrow; dog behind her.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 6,19g, axis:7h,
mint: Trache, Deultum, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov-II.(engl.)-2551, p-221, (cites Jurukova 1981, 372), SNG Bulgaria, Deultum 963-964, which is Jurakova 318.
Q-001
quadrans
Gordian_III_Edessa_Mesopotamia_Mint~0.jpg
Gordian III Edessa Mesopotamia Mint 41 viewsGordian III 238 - 244 AD Edessa Mesopotamia Mint
Bronze 29 mm 10.4 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right. Reverse: Bust of turreted city deity Left small figure before _2500

Antonivs Protti
gratian.jpg
Gratian - RIC IX Siscia 14c type XXIX c41 views18.3 mm, 2.0 gr
OV: DN GRATIANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
RV: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive, Q left, K over P right, ΔSISCR in ex.
RIC IX Siscia 14c type XXIX c
ex FORVM
areich
greek61.jpg
Kings of Syria, Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos)41 views(108-97 BC). Antioch mint.
Obv.: Diademed head right.
Rev.: Zeus seated, holding Nike and sceptre; PEA left, monogram below throne.
Houghton 346; SNG Spaer 2554.
5 commentsMinos
GREIFSWALD_C1425_GROSSPFENNIG.JPG
GREIFSWALD - Grosspfennig41 viewsGREIFSWALD - Grosspfennig, AR, circa 1425. Obv: Griffin left, MONETA GRIPE WO. Rev: arms with long cross, DA / LAV / DEN / DEO. Reference: Jesse 493, Saurma 4957/2606. Ex-Areich collection.dpaul7
H489.JPG
Hendin-489 / 1172 (01)41 viewsHerod I - prutah (year 3 = either 40BC or 37BC)
2.64 grams

The dating of these coins is subject to debate. Some say that because Herod was appointed Tetrarch of Samaria by Marc Antony in 42BC, that "year 3" would correspond to 40/39BC. Others feel that because Herod was appointed King of Judaea by the Roman Senate in 40BC, that "year three" should then represent 37BC. In all reality, the debate will most likely never be settled conclusively, one way or the other.
cmcdon0923
H490.jpg
Hendin-490 / 1178 (01)41 viewsHerod I - 2 prutot
3.83 grams
cmcdon0923
hadr664.jpg
Hadrian AE As, RIC II 66441 viewsHadrian 117-138 A.D.
AE As, RIC II 664
Ć As 13.50g. 27mm. 125-128 A.D. Rome Mint
Ob: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS , Laureate and draped bust, r.
Rv: COS III, S C to either side. Minerva advancing r., brandishing javelin and holding shield;

Dark green patina with some earthen encrustation.
Reverse struck from worn die.

Ex Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Scotvs Capitis
Hadrianus-Denar-TRANQ-RIC222.jpg
III-HADRIANUS -a- Denar RIC II/22241 viewsAv) HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare head left

Rv) TRANQVILLITAS AVG COS III PP
Tranquillitas holding sceptre, standing left an leaning on cippus

Weight: 3,1g; Ř: 20mm; Reference: RIC II/222; ROME mint
1 commentssulcipius
Hadrianus_AR_Denarius_Victoria.jpg
Hadrian AR Denarius. 125-128 AD. 41 viewsHADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder / COS III, Victory standing right, right hand on head & holding palm. RIC 182, RSC 358, BMC 422
17,5mm.,2,50g. _5967 sold
Antonivs Protti
Hadrian_Serapis_Tetradrachm.jpg
Hadrian Serapis Tetradrachm41 viewsHadrian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, Regnal year 19, 134 - 135 AD, 24mm, 12.6g, Köln 1150; Milne 1445, Emmett 889, Geissen 1150; cf. Dattari 1465,
OBV: AVT KAIC TRAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head of Hadrian left
REV: L.ENN EAK·Δ, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, kalathos on head

SCARCE
2 commentsRomanorvm
halfie.jpg
German States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfenning 1762.41 viewsGerman States Wurzburg. Adam Friedrich Bishop 1755 - 1779. Copper Pfennig 1762. Two shields, crowned / 1/2 PFEN-NING, date in decoration below.

KM 15
oneill6217
Harness_2.jpg
Horse Harness Strap Spliters41 viewsThese bronze items are part of Roman cavalry harness and are used to split one strap into three or to hang three straps from under one horizontal strap. I do not know the era.otlichnik
HclsDOC140.jpg
Sear 830 - Half Follis - 614-615 AD (Year 5) - Thessalonica mint41 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 614-615 AD (Year 5)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: ]RC[ - ]PVC
To left, Heraclius; to right, Heraclius Constantine; each standing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand. Between heads, cross.

Reverse: Large "K"; To left, /N/N/O; To right, .
Exergue: C

Thessalonica mint
DO 140; Sear 830; MIB 227
5.89g; 23.3mm; 330°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Pep
HclsDOC168b.jpg
Sear 839 - Follis - 611-612 AD (Year 2) - Cyzicus mint - 2nd officina41 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 611-612 AD (Year 2)
Condition: Fine/VF+
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ]RCLI - PPERPVC
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and pendilia. In right hand, cross; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, II; Beneath, B.
Exergue: KYZ

Cyzicus mint, second officina
DO 168b; Sear 839
11.88g; 30.4mm; 195°
Pep
helena030801.jpg
Helena, Thessalonica41 viewsHelena

FL HELENA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICAE
Securitas standing, facing, holding branch

SMTSA
Thessalonica Mint

Ae 19mm; 2.7g
RIC 159 Thessalonica
1 commentsarizonarobin
helena_39.jpg
Helena RIC VII, Cyzikus 3941 viewsHelena 248 - 332, mother of Constantine I
AE - AE 3, 2.96g, 17mm
Cyzikus 2. officina, AD 325/326
obv. FL HELENA - AVGVSTA
bust mantled, with necklace, pearl-diademed head r.
rev. SECVRITAS - REI PVBLICE
Securitas standing l., holding branch in lowered r., raising robe
with l.
exergue: SMKB dot
RIC VII, Cyzikus 39; cf. C.11; LRBC. 1177
Rare; good VF, nearly uncirculated, partially silvered

The MAGNIA URBICA hair-style with a marked hair-crest is exceptional (RIC)
Jochen
Herodwithscriptcopy.jpg
Herod I (the Great)41 viewsHerod I (the Great). 40-4 BCE. Ć 8 Prutot, 22mm, 5.82 g. Samaria mint. Dated RY 3 (40 BCE). O: Ceremonial bowl (lebes) on tripod; date L Γ (Year 3) to left, monogram to right. Greek Inscription: BAΣIΛEΩΣ HPΩΔOΥ (of King Herod.) R: Military helmet with cheek guards and straps, star above, palms flanking. Meshorer 44; Hendin 486; RPC I 4901.


Although there is debate over exactly what year “Year 3” refers to, the monogram TP may well indicate the third year of Herod’s tetrarchy. Josephus writes that Mark Antony appointed Herod as tetrarch (TETPAPXHΣ) in 42 B.C.E., which would bring us to 40/39 B.C.E. This is also when Herod was crowned as King of Judaea by the Roman Senate with the approval of Octavian (soon to be Augustus.)

This dating helps to explain the meaning of the obverse image of a soldier’s helmet. Although Herod was appointed as king, the Hasmonaean king, Mattathias Antigonus, was still ruling over Judea and did not recognize Roman authority. Herod would therefore have to raise an army, which he did, and, after a three month siege, conquered Jerusalem in 37 B.C.E.


Although Herod accomplished a great deal during his thirty-year + reign, including the building of massive palaces and amphitheaters and enlarging the temple, he is most remembered as a jealous, paranoid murderer, willing to do anything to maintain his political power.

Herod ordered the death of his Hasmonaean wife Mariamne and her brother Aristobulus. Later he had his two sons by Mariamne killed as well. This effectively eliminated the most serious threats to his power in Judaea. Caesar Augustus observed that it was safer to be Herod’s pig than Herod’s son. His wickedness reached its peak years later when, in fear of a rival king, he ordered the killing of all the boys two years of age and under in Bethlehem.

The Bible writer Matthew records Jesus’ birth taking place, “in the days of Herod the king.” A star led astrologers to Herod proclaiming the birth “of the one born king of the Jews.” The resulting slaughter of these children fulfilled the prophesy at Jeremiah 31:15, “This is what Jehovah has said, ‘In Ra′mah a voice is being heard, lamentation and bitter weeping; Rachel weeping over her sons. She has refused to be comforted over her sons, because they are no more.’”
4 commentsNemonater
hierapolis_sev_alex_BMC55.jpg
Syria, Cyrrhestica, Hierapolis, Severus Alexander, BMC 5541 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 30, 17.74g
obv. AVT KAI MAR AVR - CE ALEZANDROC
Bust, draped, laureate, r.
rev. QEAC CVRIAC IE - RO - POLITWN (beginning upper left)
Atargatis, in long clothes, std. r. on throne, holding with l. hand tympanon set on
her knee, resting with r. arm on back of throne; on both sides a lion std.
BMC 55; GIC 3367 var. (bust undraped)
EF/VF, attractive green-brown patina
1 commentsJochen
Himera~0.jpg
Himera, Sicily, hemilitron 41 viewsca. 420-408 BC
15mm, 2.80g
obv: [IME]; head of nymph Himera left, wearing sphendone, six pellets before
rev: six pellets within laurel wreath
2 commentsareich
Hong Kong.jpg
Hong Kong41 viewsKm29.1 - 5 Cents - 1965
Km49 - 10 cents - 1983
Km28.3 - 10 Cents - 1978
Km36 - 20 Cents - 1975
Km41 - 50 Cents - 1978
Km31.1 - 1 Dollar - 1970
Daniel F
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_340.JPG
Huszár 340, Unger 256C, RĂ©thy I 36141 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR obulus, 9.5 mm.

Obv: Cross on crescent, crowned heads to the sides.

Rev: Panther facing right

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Huszár rarity rating 10.

Stkp
HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_841_1519_Pohl_255-1.JPG
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-1, Unger 673m, Réthy II 306A, dated 1519 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGARI * 1519 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1509-1516, when he withdrew and relocated to Augsburg (per Pohl), yet coins apparently continued to be struck with his mark through 1520.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Stkp
HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_841_1526_Pohl_255-19.JPG
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-19, Unger 673o, Réthy II 306A, dated 1526 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–B (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Bernhard Beheim, who was appointed kammergraf by Queen Maria in 1524, and remained kammergraf through 1545 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Stkp
HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_841_1526_Pohl_255-33.JPG
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-33, Unger 673ζ, RĂ©thy II 306A, dated 1526 41 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS ◦ R ◦ VNGAR * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Visegrád and was a posthumous issue of Louis II (per Pohl). Louis II died on August 29, 1526 when he drowned while fleeing from the Turks after the carnage of the battle of Mohács.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Stkp
ID 3.jpg
Maximian, 286-305 AD (As Augustus). AE Follis.41 viewsObv.Laureate, cuirassed bust of Maximian right. Legend: D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG
Rev.Genius standing left, wearing turreted crown, left shoulder and loins draped, holding patera and cornucopia, S—C in fields. Legend: GENIO-POP ROM
Mint: PLC
Reference: RIC VI 224 (1967)
Rarity: R
Year: 307 A.D.
loveandpolitics
II_Bela_U-049_C1-083_H-097_Q-002_3h_10,0mm_0,24g-s.jpg
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #0241 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #02
avers:- Horizontally oriented crosses within crescents above and below line.
revers:- Lines instead of a legend, cross with wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-049, CHN-1-083, Huszar-097, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-002
quadrans
II_Bela_U-049_C1-083_H-097_Q-003_3h_10,2mm_0,20g-s.jpg
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #0341 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-049, #03
avers:- Horizontally oriented crosses within crescents above and below line.
revers:- Lines instead of a legend, cross with wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-049, CHN-1-083, Huszar-097, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-003
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II_Geza_(1141-1162_AD)_U-060_C1-149_H-159_Q-001_2h_13,5mm_0,37g-s.jpg
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #0141 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #01
avers:- border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,37 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-060, CHN-1-149, Huszar-159,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-001
quadrans
II_Istvan_U-82v_C1-131_H-117_Q-002_1h_10,5mm_0,21g-s.jpg
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0241 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #02
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,21g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-002
quadrans
image003.jpg
Side 1, page 241 viewsThis is side 1 of the second page of my coin albumAarmale
IMG_0728[1].JPG
Italy, Rome - Inside the Roman Colosseum--May, 201141 viewspitbull
IMG_2085.jpg
GALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Æ 24mm Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE).41 viewsGALILEE, Tiberias. Hadrian. 117-138 CE. Ć 24mm (. Dated CY 101 (119/20 CE). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / TIBEP KLAVD, E TAP in exergue, tetrastyle temple set on two-tiered platform; within, statue of Zeus seated left. Hendin 914; SNG ANS 1110.1 commentsMaritima
IMG_822k5.jpg
Alexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 111841 viewsAlexios I. Komnenos, 1081 - 1118. Silberhistamenon 1082/1087. Christus auf Thron / Kaiserbüste mit Kreuz und Kreuzglobus. DOC 2b; Ratto 2064. Alexios
IMG_9851_1_ED_s.png
Spain, Naveta des Tudons41 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
Viriathus
index~0.png
Geta Bithynia provincial RG 140 var (obverse legend).41 viewsAE 18 mm 3.6 grams 189-209 AD
OBV :: L SEP GETAS K . Bare headed, draped , bust right of Geta
REV :: HRAKLHAS PONTW. Helmeted Bust right of Athena wearing Aegis
EX :: none
minted in Heracleia in Bithynia
Johnny
India Republic.jpg
India Republic41 viewsKm8 - 1 Naya Paisa - 1960-B
Km16 - 5 Naye Paise - 1958
Km24.2 - 10 Naye Paise - 1961
Daniel F
Ionia Teos Stater rensa.jpg
Ionia Teos Stater41 viewsIonia, Teos. Circa 510-490 BC. AR Stater (11.74 gm, 21mm). Obv.: Griffin with curled wings seated right, forepaw raised; club before. Rev.: Quadripartite incuse square. J.M.Balcer, The Early Silver Coinage of Teos, SNR 47, 1968, 22. Jan Terje R
Ionia_Kolophon_tetartemorion_AR7_0_25g.jpg
Ionia, Kolophon, tetartemorion 41 viewsKolophon, Ionia, ca. 490 - 400 BC
7mm, 0.22g
obv: laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing
rev: TE monogram within incuse square
(SNG Aulock 7900 var.;
Klein 398 var.;
Millne, Kolophon 7a;)
areich
Ionia_Miletos_24thStater_EL5_0_41g.jpg
Ionia, Miletos, 1/24 stater41 viewsca. 600-550 BC
EL5, 0.41g
obv: lion’s head facing
rev: incuse punch
(SNG Kayhan 453; Klein 416)
ex CNG, dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
IOVI CONSERVATORI Heraclea.JPG
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Heraclea41 viewsA.D. 321-324
AE Follis
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG radiate, draped, cuirassed
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour]
Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on eagle tipped-sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; to r., captive.
in ex. SMHB right field X over II and an episemon for half
RIC VII Heraclea 51 R2

These coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria)and were reduced in value (from 25 to 12 and a half). He struck these in the names of all the rulers but the reduction in value was not recognized outside his territories.
vic9128
Istvan-III_(1162-1172_AD)_U-80_C1-151_H-161_Q-001_2h_12,7mm_0,23g-s.jpg
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #0141 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-080, #01
avers:- ; border of dots.
revers:- ; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,7 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-080, CHN-1-151, Huszar-161, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-001
quadrans
Istvan-III_U-84_C1-137_H-127_Q-002_h_13,5mm_0,23ga-s.jpg
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #0241 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-084, #02
avers:- Cross between A - O, double arch above, wedge within crescent on top; border of dots.
revers:- Line dividing S; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,23g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-084, CHN-1-137, Huszar-127, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Q-002
quadrans
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar41 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
IVi-193.jpg
Caracalla - Serapis41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 212 (2.94gm)
RIC IVi.193, RCV.6829v (C)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: P M TR P XV COS III P P
R: Serapis wearing polos on head, standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding tranverse scepter in left.

ex. Dimitre Genoff (AAH)
Paul DiMarzio
IVi-84.jpg
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
Ox: P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: ADVENTVS AVGVSTI
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
j1.jpg
Julia Domna - Pudicitia41 viewsDenarius 211
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ PUDIC-ITIA Pudicitia veiled, seated left, head front, right hand on breast and left hand holds sceptre
C 170 - RIC 575
Mint: Rome (7th off., 4th emission)
septimus
J12a-Pilate H-648.jpg
Pontius Pilate, 26 - 36 CE, Æ Prutah41 viewsBronze prutah of Pontius Pilate, procurator under Tiberias, (26 – 36 CE), 15 mm, struck 29 CE.

Obverse: Three bound ears of barley, the outer two ears droop, surrounded by inscription “IOYΔIA KAICAPOC” (Of Julia Caesar).
Reverse: Libation ladle (simpulum), surrounded by inscription “TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC” (Of Tiberias Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) = 29 CE.

Reference: Hendin 648, AJC II supplement V, 21, TJC 338, SNG ANS 367-372, SGIC 5622.

Added to collection: January 28, 2007
Daniel Friedman
J16M-Vespasian denarius.jpg
Vespasian, AR Denarius, “Fortuna”, 69-79 CE41 viewsSilver denarius of Vespasian, 69 -79 CE, 3 gr, 17 mm.

Obverse: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna standing left holding rudder on prow & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC 4, RSC 84.

Added to collection: May 30, 2006
Daniel Friedman
J2.JPG
Julia Domna - Juno41 viewsDenarius 209
O/ IULIA - AUGUSTA Draped bust right
R/ IU-NO Juno standing half-left, holding patera and sceptre; in front, peacock standing left, head turned back
C 82 - RIC 559
Mint: Rome (6th off., 29th emission)
In 209, Septimius and his two sons leave Rome for the campaign of Britain and let the regency to the empress Julia. She will never see her husband alive.
septimus
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485_e_C2-156_H-618_TEmPORE_IOhAnIS_m_REGnI_VnGARIE_h-cX_Q-001_7h_13-13,5mm_0,59g-s.jpg
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,41 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485.e,
avers:- + TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-cX); border of dots.
revers:- + m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu),
mint mark: h-cX, by Christophorus de Florentia, by (Pohl).,
date: 1446 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-485.e, CNH-2-156, Huszar-618,
Q-001
quadrans
JIT_Samanta_Deva_Tye_14_1.JPG
Tye 14.1, Deyell 4541 viewsShahis (ca. 850-1,000 A.D.). AR jital, possibly Ohind mint, average silver content ca. 69%, average weight 3.3 g., 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Deva, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Abundant.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
1 commentsStkp
JnnIIDO57.jpg
Sear 1297 (1st Reign) - Follis - 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint41 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing elaborate cloak and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, cross; Beneath, .
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 57 (1st reign); Sear 1297 (1st reign); MIB 48b
4.79g; 20.2mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Pep
Joseph-I_AR_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
JÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,41 viewsJÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,
avers:- IOSEPH IM NAHMEN UND ERBRECHT DER ERSTE•, •I•K• behind the bust,
revers:- DIR UND DEINEM SAMEN NACHDIR•,
exerg: -/-//DEN 9 DEC •1687•, diameter: 34mm, weight:14,87g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: , date: A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
Juive 2 Year2 67 AD.jpg
First revolt. Small bronze minted in 67 AD41 viewsHebrew legend , footed amphora
Hebrew legend, vine leaf.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Julia Mamaea~0.jpg
Julia Mamaea Sestertius41 viewsJulia Mamaea AE Sestertius. 231 AD. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / IVNO AVGVSTAE, SC below, Juno seated left, holding a flower & a baby in swaddling clothes.

RIC 683 , Cohen 33.
2 commentsTanit
juliadomna092108c.jpg
Julia Domna, Markianopolis41 viewsJulia Domna
Ae 25mm; 8.46g; Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior.

IOVLIA DOMNA CEB
draped bust right

MARKIANOROLITWN
The Three Graces

Varbanov 883 var
1 commentsarizonarobin
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36341 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
Rare
berserker
KANGXI_S1442_H9_90-92.JPG
Schjöth 1442, Hartill 9.90-92 Type 1, KM 144241 viewsKangxi (1662-1722)

1 cash (cast brass), 1680-1683, Fujian province (Zhangjou mint), 27 mm.

Obv: Kangxi tongbao.

Rev: Jang (in Manchurian) to the left, zhang (in Chinese) to the right.

Type 1 is comprised of coins with a two dot tong and a nominal weight of 1.4 qian (= 5.22 grams).

This is one of a series of twenty coins known as “poem” coins (shi qian), which, according to folklore, have talismanic qualities when placed together. The coins were put in a specific order in which the mint names formed a “poem.” The poem did not have a particular meaning, but rhymed according to the rules of classical Chinese poetry.

Hartill rarity 7
Stkp
Khusro1Gobl_i_2.jpg
[1921a] Sasanian Kingdom. Khusro I. A.D. 531-579. AR drachm. 41 viewsSasanian Kingdom. Khusro I. A.D. 531-579. AR drachm; Göbl I/2; 32 mm, 4.05 g; VF, Nihavand, year 37; Obverse: Crowned bust right; three crescents around single border of dots; Reverse: Fire altar between two attendants.

“The Great King Chosroes I of Persia—known to his subjects as Anushirvan, ‘of Immortal Soul’—had occupied the throne since 531. Of all the great Sassanian Kings, perhaps of all the Persian rulers throughout history, he was the most illustrious and is still the best remembered. As a statesman, he reformed and reorganized every branch of government and completely revised the fiscal system; as a general, he created the first standing army loyal to the King alone and pushed forward his frontiers till they extended from the Black Sea to the Yemen, from the Oxus River to the shores of the Mediterranean; as an intellectual, he had given—even before his accession—an enthusiastic welcome to those pagan Greek scientists and philosophers who had drifted to Persia after Justinian’s closure of the School of Athens in 529. He founded his country’s great medical academy at Gondeshapur, codified the Avesta—the sacred book of Zoroastrianism—compiled the first collection of the myths and legends of his people and introduced from India the game of chess. He was, in short, a worthy match for Justinian, his adversary and rival for over thirty years. The Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I, the Great died in 565 AD; The Sasassinan King, Chosroes I, The Great died in 579 AD” (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, The Early Centuries. London: The Penguin Group, 1990. 228)
Cleisthenes
khusro_II.jpg
Persia Sassanian Khusro II Ar Drachm41 views Obv. GDH ARZWT HWSLWY (glory increase Khusro) Khusro II bust right wearing winged crown surmounted by star and crescent
Rev Fire altar with two attendants star and crescent above
1 commentsSkyler
Kyrenaica a.jpg
Kyrenaica Kyrene41 viewsObverse: Head of Zeus Ammon r.
Reverse: Silphion plant
Mint : Kyrene
Date : c.250 BC
Reference : SNG Cop 1276
Weight : 15.81g
Denom: AE 24
Bolayi
Laodicée Héliogabale.jpg
Laodicea (Lattakieh, Syria) - Elagabalus41 views[IMP.] C. M. AVR. ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right
COLONIA LAODICEA [...] / Δ E , eagle facing in shrine made of canopy supported by two columns

From the nice portrait, it is Elagabalus.
1 commentsGinolerhino
LarryW2215.jpg
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Lampsakos 328-323 BC41 viewsAR drachm, 16.9mm, 4.29g, Nice VF
Head Herakles right wearing lion skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, feet forward resting on stool. Club in left field. Early lifetime issue, featuring a youthful portrait.
Price 1347; Müller 136; Thompson 8, series II
For Sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2313.jpg
7263 Prusias I, 228-185 BC41 viewsBronze Ć19, 19.6mm, 5.54g, VF
Laureate head Apollo right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠPOYΣIOY Bow and quiver. Meduim brown patina.
Ex: Barry P. Murphy
Sear 7263; BMC Pontus, pg. 209, #9; SNG Cop 628
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2330.JPG
7268 Prusias II, 185-149 BC41 viewsBronze Ć18, 16.6mm, 3.99g, gF
Head Dionysos right wreathed with ivy / BAΣIΛEΩ[Σ] ΠPOYΣ[IOY] Herakles naked left holding club and lion's skin. Dark brown patina: photo greatly lightened.
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Lodge Antiquities
Sear 7268; BMC Pontus, pg 210, #7
Lawrence Woolslayer
latin_rulers_S_2044_B.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule41 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule (1204-1261) Billon Trachy. Onb.: The Virgin enthroned. Rev.: Emperor standing holding labarum. Sear #2044.dpaul7
la_provinz_12,12g_26-27mm_.jpg
Koinon Makedonon AE2641 viewsMacedon, Koinon, AE26, 3. Century AD.
Obv: AΛEΞANΔPOY, head of Alexander with Tainia in long hair right.
Rev: KOI MAKEΔONΩN B NEOKO, two prize-urns on table.
Ř 26 mm, 12.18 g
1 commentsPscipio
la_provinz_2,21g_14mm_~0.jpg
Berytus AE1441 viewsBerytus, Phoenicia, AE14, 1. Century BC - 1. Century AD.
Obv: Marsyas standing left, holding wine-skin; CO-L across field.
Rev: BER above prow.
14 mm, 2.21 g
SNG Cop 89
Pscipio
la_provinz_5,37g_22-23mm_.jpg
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas41 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
Pscipio
levon_4th.jpg
King Levon IV, 1320 - 1342 AD41 viewsAR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ, equestrian king holding sceptre to the right. Ո and փ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻ, crowned lion walking right, patriarchal cross, dot behind.

Weight: 2.23 grams
Diametre: 20 x 19.5 mm
Die axis: 220 degrees

Reference: Bedoukian 1977 - 90

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81123
1 commentsMasis
lg_domna02.jpg
Julia Domna AR Denarius41 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
AR Denarius 3.10g / 19mm / -
IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG - Draped bust right
PVDICITIA - Pudicitia seated left, veiled & right hand on her breast; holding scepter
Mint:(211-217 AD)
References: RIC IV / 2; 385c; Cohen 172; RCV 7105
Scotvs Capitis
lg_JDomna_Nik_ad_Ist.jpg
Julia Domna, Thrace, Nikopolis as Istrum41 viewsJulia Domna (Augusta)
Thrace, Nikopolis as Istrum
AE 5.90g / 21mm / -
IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CE... - Draped bust right
ΝΙCΟΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ ΠΡΟCΙCΤ - Nemesis standing with scales and arshin or rod; next to her - wheel
References: Moushmov 1046, Plate IX 22
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
Licinius II RIC 29 obv and rev.jpg
LICINIUS II (Junior) RIC 2941 viewsLICINIUS II
AE3
Antioch Mint. 317-320 A.D.
17.7mm. 3.23g.
Die Alignment: 150 degrees
Obv: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C - Diademed bust left, wearing imperial cloak, holding mappa, sceptre and globe.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS - Jupiter standing left, chlamys acrcoss shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on a globe, captive at feet.
Exergue: SMANT
Gamma in right field
Ref: RIC 29. Sear '64 3717. Sear '88 3817. C32. VM 6.
seraphic
Licinius-II__AE-Follis_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C-(6-I1-l_)_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_Iota-Chi_VOT-XX_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-139-p441-4th_-off_-R5_Siscia_320-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-20mm_2,55gb-s.jpg
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!41 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!
avers:- LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES, (6, I1-l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on left side, "Iota-Chi" in left fields.
exergo: Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-139, p-441, R5!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Liciniusvotxx.JPG
Struck A.D.320. LICINIUS I. AE3 (Nummus) of Aquileia. 41 viewsObverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG. Laureate head of Licinius facing right.
Reverse: DOMINI N LICINI AVG. Laurel-wreath around VOT•XX; in exergue; AQS.
RIC VII : 86. Weight 3.3gms.
RARE

This coin is one of those struck in c.A.D.320 to commemorate the fifteenth anniversary of the reign of Constantine, which was also celebrated in the West as the fifteenth anniversary of Licinius.
*Alex
licinius_campgate_mini.jpg
Licinius I AE3 318-320 AD41 viewsLicinius I AE3.
obv. IMP LICI-NIVS AVG,
laureate, draped bust left holding eagle-tipped sceptre & mappa
rev. PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG,
campgate, 3 turrets, 6 layers, no star above, no doors; Right field: dot
Mintmark: SMHA
Ref.: RIC VII Heraclea 29
Rarity: R2
Janus
Livia_as_Salus_Dupondius.jpg
Livia as Salus Dupondius41 viewsObv.
SALVS AVGVSTA
Bust of Livia as Salus right

Rev.
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII
Large SC surrounded by Tiberius' titles

Minted by Tiberius A.D. 22-23

6 commentsancientdave
LJ Alex copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 317-324 A.D.41 viewsOBV/ D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; Laur, cuir. and dr. bust l. globus and sceptre in l. hand, mappa in r. hand
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS; Jupiter stg. l., holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Crescent/B in fields. SMAL in exergue
RIC VII, 25 Rare 2
Mayadigger
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,49g-s.jpg
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0141 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01quadrans
lucilla_copy.jpg
Lucilla, Pudicitia41 viewsLVCILLA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

PVDI-CITIA
Pudicitia standing

Ar Denarius, 20mm; 3.33g
RSC 60
2 commentsarizonarobin
Lucius verus 1.jpg
17 Lucius Verus41 viewsDenarius. IMP L VERVS AVG, bare head right / PROV DEOR TR P III COS II, Providentia standing left holding globe & cornucopiae. RSC 154; RIC III 483; BMCRE 207. Weight 3.45 g. Die Axis 6 hr. Max Dia 18 mm.

1 commentsmix_val
Luxembourg.jpg
Luxembourg41 viewsKm23.2 - 10 Centimes - 1855-A
Km45a - 25 Centimes - 1970
Km46.3 - 1 Franc - 1957
Km55 - 1 Franc - 1970
Km59 - 1 Franc - 1987
Daniel F
M Aurelius sestertius Felicitas.jpg
Marcus Aurelius, Sestertius41 viewsRIC 1227
Rev: FELICITAS AVG IMP VIIII COS III P P, Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and sceptre.
E Pinniger
Mac&DiaMarkArtem.JPG
Macrinus & Diadumenian, AE 2841 viewsAV K OPEL CEV MAKREINOC K M OPEL ANTONEINOC K
Confronted busts
VP PONTIANOV MARKIANOPOLEITO/N
Artemis advancing right, withdrawing arrow from quiver, holding bow, hound at her feet. E in left field.
Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1160, AMNG 730
H&J 6.24.13.4
13.61 g.
1 commentswhitetd49
Maiorina Constancio II RIC VIII Heraclea 86E.jpg
A130-65 - Constancio II (337 - 361 D.C.)41 viewsAE2 Maiorina ó Centenional 20 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "[DN CON]STAN- TIVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha. "Δ" detrás del busto.
Rev: "FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO" - Soldado con yelmo a derecha, portando escudo en brazo izquierdo, alancea con derecha a un jinete caido que porta diadema, lo mira y extiende su brazo izquierdo hacia él. "SMHε" en exergo.

Acuńada 348 - 352 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.5ta.)
Rareza: C2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VIII (Heraclea) #86 Pag.436 - Cohen Vol.VII #46 Pag.447 - DVM #90 Pag.300 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8659.h. Pag.214 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3974 - LRBC #1896
mdelvalle
Makedonia-Königreich_Alexander_III__336-323.jpg
Greek, Alexander III, Makedonia, 336-323 BC Gold Stater41 viewsAV Stater 336-323 BC, Sardes. Athena Av. Athena, rv. . Nike standing to the right! w/ wreath and stylis, Sun (star), 8,53 g. Price 2644. 2 commentsAkeo
mamilius_limetanus_Cr362_1.jpg
C. Mamilius Limetanus, Crawford 362/141 viewsC. Mamilius Limetanus, gens Mamilia
AR - denarius serratus, 20mm, 3.78g, 45°
Rome, 82 BC
obv. Bust of Mercurius r., draped, with winged petasos and caduceus behind r. shoulder
l. above A (control mark)
rev. l. side top down C.MAMIL, r. side bottom-up LIMETAN (TA as monogram)
Ulysses (Odysseus), in beggar garment with mantle and pileus, advancing r., resting with raised l. hand
on staff, stretching r. hand to his old dog Argus, who is standing r. before him and looks up to him
ref. Crawford 362/1; Sydenham 741; RCV 282; Albert 1253; Mamilia 6
rare, VF

For more information take a look at the referring article of the Mythology Thread.
1 commentsJochen
ManuelIS1968.JPG
Manuel I 1143-1180 Constantinople41 viewsObv: Virgin Orans to Manus Dei at Right,
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 1968
Laetvs
maravedis3_copy.jpg
1603 Felipe III, Segovia / Felipe IV41 views1603 AD, Felipe III, Segovia Mint, 2 Maravedis.Molinari
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAES-ANTON-AVG-P-II-F_TR-POT-XI-COS-II_RIC-470-A-Pius_RSC-703_Rome-156-57-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-17,5mm_3,23g-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,41 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-470 (Ant. Pius), p-88, RSC-703, Sear-,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcia8.JPG
M Marcius Mn f Denarius, 134 BC41 viewsHelmetted head of Roma right, modius behind, XVI in monogram below chin
Victory with whip in biga right
M MARC below, divided by two grain ears
ex. ROMA
The obverse symbol and reverse of this coin refers to the moneyer's father, Mn. Marcius, who as aedile, c. 154 BC, was the first to distribute wheat to the people at one As per modius.

Marcia 8, Cr 245/1, Syd 500
1 commentswhitetd49
Marcus_Aurelius2.jpg
Marcus Aurelius denar41 viewsTR P XXI IMP IIII COS III2 commentstibsi67
markianopolis_elagabal_AMNG819cf_#2.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 26. Elagabal, HrJ (2013) 6.26.5.6 #241 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 27, 11.1g, 27.19mm, 180°
struck under governor Iulius Antonius Seleucus
obv. AVT KM AVRHLIOC - ANTWNEINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. VP.IOVL.ANT.CELE - VKOV MARKIANOPO / LITWN
Demeter, in long chiton and himation, stg. frontal, head l., holding two corn-
ears in outstretched r. hand and leaning with l. hand on sceptre.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 819 var. (has torch)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1560 (cites AMNG 819, but writes scepter which can be seen on the pic too!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) 6.26.5.6
d) BMC 50
F+/about VF, glossy dark green patina

AMNG has two corn-ears, head of poppy and torch. Here it is doubtless no poppy and a sceptre with knob. Nevertheless it is Demeter.
Jochen
markianopolis_gordianIII_serapis_Moushmov815.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 37. Gordian III & Serapis, HrJ (2013) 6.37.38.04 (plate coin)41 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 28, 12.76g, 27.94mm, 45°
struck under governor Tullius Menophilus
obv. M ANT GORDIANOC
below AVG
confronted busts of Gordian III, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r., and Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos, l.
rev. VP MHNOFILOV - MARKIANOPOL / ITWN
Tyche, in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and holding in r. hand rudder, set on
globe.
in r. field E (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1162 var. (has no globe under rudder)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2021 (cites AMNG 1161!)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.37.38.4 (plate coin)
about EF, light roughness on obv., excellent portrait of Serapis
Jochen
markianopolis_macrinus_diadumenian_AMNG759.jpg
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) 6.24.38.1141 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 12.24g, 26.31mm, 195°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
obv. AVT K OPEL CEVH MAKREINOC KM OPEL ANTWNEINOC
Confronting heads of Macrinus, laureate, r., and Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
rev. VP PONTIANOV MAR - KIANOPOLEITWN
City-goddess (Tyche), in long garment, wearing mural crown, stg. l., head r., holding cornucopiae in r. arm and resting with l. hand on rudder stg. on globe
E in r. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 759 (1 ex., Vienna)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.24.38.11
very rare, VF/about VF, nice green patina

Pick writes: "This type of Tyche, with cornucopiae and sceptre, could be copied from the type of Tomi (pl. VII, 20ff.); but it is possible too that the left hand is resting on a rudder (similar to n.776, pl.XIX, 9), so that we have here a depiction of Tyche but an unusual one."
On this coin the rudder is clearly visible, so Pick is right with his second suggestion!
1 commentsJochen
Maroneia_7.jpg
400-350 BC - Maroneia, Thrace - Horse Obverse - Vine in Square Reverse41 viewsMaroneia, Thrace
Date: ca. 400-350 BC
Condition: Fair
Size: AE14

Obverse: Horse prancing right; NK monogram beneath

Reverse: MAPΩNITΩN (or similar) around three sides of linear square containing vine; monogram on one side?

2.69g; 14.6mm; 15°
Pep
Matidia_MATIDIA-AVG-DIVA-F-MARCIANAE-F_PIETAS-AVGVST_RIC-579_112-AD_Q-001_1h_18,5mm_g-s.jpg
031 Matidia ( -119 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 759 (Trajanus), Rome, PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas with Sabina and Matidia Minor, Modern Fake !!!41 views031 Matidia ( -119 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 759 (Trajanus), Rome, PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas with Sabina and Matidia Minor, Modern Fake !!!
Matidia Daughter of Marciana, niece of Trajan. Augusta, 112-119 A.D.
avers:- MATIDIA-AVG-DIVA-F-MARCIANAE-F, Draped bust of Matidia right.
revers:- PIETAS AVGVST, Matidia as Pietas standing holding hands with Sabina and Matidia Minor.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC II 759 (Trajanus), p-, BMC-660, RSC-10,
Q-001
Struck. Die-engraver "Lipanoff Studio"
Published: Sofia 2004, no.47
I. Prokopov
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Den_U-554-b_C1-218_H-702_MOnETA_MAThIE_DE_REGIS_h_-UnGARIE_Q-001_h_xmm_0,58ga-s.jpg
039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #0141 views039 Matyas Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554.b, , #01
avers:- +•MONETA•MAThIE•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- REGIS•h-VnGARIAE•, Patriarchal cross in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: B-S, by Stephan Kowách (Pohl 202-1).
date: 1461 A.D., ref: Unger-554.b, CNH-2-218, Huszar-702,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
maximianus 1+.jpg
Maximianus Follis41 viewsMaximianus Ć Follis. ca 300 AD. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae, no mintmark.

RIC 6b
Tanit
MAXIMIN1-3.jpg
41 viewsMaximinus I - Sestertius - 236/238
Ob.: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVS AVGVSTI S C; Salus seated left, feeding from patera a serpent arising from altar.
gs. 18,6 mm 34
Cohen 92, RIC IV 85
1 commentsMaxentius
Medieval-brooch_AR_Q-003_20x20mm_2,07g-s.jpg
Medieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,41 viewsMedieval Brooch AR-002, Fibula #089,
size:20x20mm,
thickness:1,2mm
weight:2,07g
mint: ???
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Q-003
quadrans
mesambria_philippI_otacilia_moushmov4018.jpg
Thracia, Mesembria, Philipp I & Otacilia Severa, Varbanov 423741 viewsPhilipp I, AD 244-249
AE 26, 10.95g
obv. AYT M IOYL PHILIPPOC AYG M WTA / KIL CEB / HRA
confronted busts of the imperial pair
rev. MECAMBR - IANWN
Dionysos, in short chiton and nebris, with boots, wearing ivy wreath, standing frontal, head l., holding thyrsos and pouring out of kantharos.
Varbanov (engl.) 4237 (plate coin); SNG Cop. 665 (same obv.); SNG Cop. 666 (same rev.); Moushmov 4018
VF
published on Wildwinds

On the portrait of Otacilia traces of a slight doublestrike, OY from IOYL and dots from the border (Steve Minnoch)
3 commentsJochen
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC.JPG
Miletos, Ionia AR 1-12th stater, c 525 BC41 viewsMiletos, Ionia
AR – 1/12th stater, 9.5mm
c. 525 BC
lion foreparts r.
star in incuse pattern
Sear 3523
Ardatirion
MISC_Bohemia_pragergroschen_Wladislaus.JPG
Bohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)41 viewsBohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)

Castelin __, Fiala/Donebauer 947, cf. Saurma 407/182

AR pragergroschen, 32 mm., Kutná Hora mint.

Obv: + DEI x/x GRATIA + REX x/x BOEmIE / + WLADISLAUS SECVnDVS, crown in center.

Rev: + * GROSSI * PRAGENSIS, crown double-tailed lion facing left.

The groschen of Prague (pragergroschen) were first minted in July 1300 during the reign of Wenceslas II (1278-1305), following the discovery of exceptionally rich silver deposits at Kutná Hora in 1298. It was struck, with the design essentials unchanged for roughly 250 years. The pragergroschen played the same role in central Europe that was played by the denier tournois further west. Its preeminence in Germany postponed the appearance of native groschen over much of the region for over 150 years.

The coinage was debased under Wencelsas IV (1378-1419), and none were minted during the reigns of Sigismund (1420-37), Albert (1437-39) and Ladislas Postumus (1453-57). When minting was revived toward the end of the reign of George Podĕbrad (1458-71), they were struck to a much lower standard, having a fineness of only 10 lot (625/1000) and a silver content of 1.69 gr., which was barely half that of the original pragergoschen of Wenceslas II. It was then reckoned 24 instead of 12 to the ducat, and fell further when it was debased (to a weight of around 1.25 gr.) toward the end of the reign of Wladislaus II.
Stkp
moneta 336.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nikopolis ad Istrum, AE2641 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Dionysos standing left with bunch of grapes & thyrsos.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nikopolis ad Istrum under Magistrate Aurelius Gallus
Moushmov 1901
1 commentsJericho
moneta 354.jpg
Constantine I, Sirmium - RIC VII 4841 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate head right.
rev: SARMATIA DEVICTA. Victory advancing right, holding trophy and palm branch, pushing captive seated on ground.
exergue: SIRM
Struck 324-325 A.D. at Sirmium
RIC VII 48
Van Meter 87
Note: Refers to a major victory over the Sarmatians in 322 A.D.
1 commentsJericho
moneta 374b.jpg
Hadrian, Uncertain Eastern Mint - RIC 33941 viewsHadrian Denarius
obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P. Bare head right.
rev: COS III. Aequitas standing left, holding scales & conucopiae.
Struck 134-138 A.D. at uncertain Eastern mint
RIC 339
1 commentsJericho
moneta 567.jpg
Constantius II, Siscia - RIC VII 21741 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left
rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate with no doors, ten stone layers (top layer with pellets), two turrets, star above.
exergue: delta SIS double crescent
Struck 328-329 A.D. at Siscia
RIC VII 217
Van Meter 70
Jericho
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica41 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
Jericho
moneta 677 smaller.jpg
Claudius, Rome - RIC 11341 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P. Bare head left.
rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA S C. Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and extending left hand.
Struck 42-43 A.D. at Rome
RIC 113
Note: "RIC 113 (Common) has the scarcity right, but wrongly gives date as c. 50-54 AD. Correct, according to my own investigation, is 42-3 AD" - Curtis Clay
Jericho
Morroco 3 falus.jpg
Morroco 3 falus41 viewsC166 - 3 Falus, Mint of Fez - 1873 / AH1290

Photo credit: Mark Lehman
Daniel F
nap3.jpg
Napolean III KM 776.141 viewsFrance, Napolean III. NAPOLEAN III EMPEREUR 1856, head of Napolean III left / EMPIRE FRANCAIS DIX CENTIMES Eagle perched facing on perch, wings open. Mintmark A below.

mintage: 5,417,000 (combined with 1856)
oneill6217
Nero. 54 - 68 AD. Silver Denarius.jpg
Emperor Nero. 54 - 68 AD.41 views Silver Vesta silversiranthonyac
Néron as.jpg
Nero - As41 viewsIMP. NERO CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC.; laureate bust right.
Rev.: PACE P.R. VBIQ. PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (He brought everywhere the Peace of the Roman People, then closed the temple of Janus). The themle of Janus with its doors closed at last. S C.

I like this coin... I bought it in Tunis, covered with dirt (the coin, not me). Took me 2 hours of discussion with the dealer before we agreed on the price.
Ginolerhino
nerose02-3.jpg
Nero, RIC 144, Sestertius of AD 64-66 (Triumphal arch)41 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.9g, Ř35mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 64-66.
Obv.: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero facing left.
Rev.: S C (in field), Triumphal arch is surmounted by a quadriga facing with Pax, standing on the left, and winged Victory, on the right. At the angles of the entablature are soldiers. The front piers of the arch are decorated with sculptures in three tiers of panels; in the niche on the left is a statue of Mars.
RIC 144; Cohen 306; Sear 2000 (RCV) 1962var.; Foss (RHC) 67:14

Nero erected a triumphal arch on the Capitoline Hill while the Parthian war was in progress in Armenia, with Corbulo capturing the Armenian capital Artaxata in AD 58. The arch was rededicated or completely dismantled after Nero's death in AD 68, and this monument is only known from coins.
1 commentsCharles S
Nero_Victory_2b.jpg
Nero | Victory * Æ As, 54-68 AD.41 views
Nero | Victory * Copper As

Obv: Laureate head right: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Rev: Victory standing left holding oval shield inscribed, SPQR: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 65 AD.

Size: 27.335
Weight: 10.07 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Well worn all over, but with still vivid images and a lovely medium chocolate patina.

Refs:*
RIC I, 312
BMCRE 241
WCN 285, 290
Cohen 288
BN 399
Tiathena
new_Constans 337-350AD.jpg
41 viewsHis Star
Nigeria~0.jpg
Nigeria41 viewsKm5 - 1 Shilling - 1959
Km9 - 5 Kobo - 1976
Km13 - 50 Kobo - 1991
Daniel F
nikaia_geta_AE15_unbekannt.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, Geta, Rec.Gen. 51541 viewsGeta AD 198-209
AE 15, 2.31g
obv. GETAC - KAICAR
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIK - AIEWN
Nike, in short chiton over long chiton, advancing r., holding wreath in raised r.
hand and long palm (or trophy?) over l. shoulder
Rec.Gen., p. 463, 515 & pl. LXXX, #21 (Thanks to Lawrence Woolslayer!)
F+/about VF, black-green patina

Nike here wears as hair-do a so-called lampadion often seen on the gold stateres of Alexander III.
1 commentsJochen
nikomedia_plautilla_RecGen253.jpg
Bithynia, Nikomedia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 25341 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 21, 3.17g
obv. [NIB] FOV PLAV - TILLA CEB
Bust, draped, r.
rev. NEIKOMHDEW - N / DIC NEWKO / RWN
Skylla advancing l. over waves, holding rudder over her shoulder and dolphin
in outstretched r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253
extremely rare, good F, green patina

For more information see the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Jochen
nikopolis_caracalla_AMNG1568.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) 8.18.04.08 (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.12g, 27.10mm, 225°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
obv. AV KM AVR - ANTWNIN[OC]
laureate head r.
rev. V FL OVLPIAN - NIKOPOLI / PROC I
Athena, helmeted, wearing peplos over long chiton, standing facing, head r.,
holding transversed spear in r. hand and leaning with r. hand on shield set on
small column.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1568 (1 ex., München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3128 (obv. from same die, but cites in error AMNG 1568 under #3129)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.18.4.8 (plate coin)
Rare, F+/about VF, nice green patina
1 commentsJochen
nikopolis_caracalla_unbekannt.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) 8.18.20.02 (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 30, 15.8g, 29.81mm, 225°
struck under legate Aurelius Gallus
obv. AV KM AVRHLI - ANTWNINOC
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. VPA AVR GALLOV - NEIKOPOLITWN PROC IC
Asklepios, in himation, drapery over l. arm, stg. frontal, head l., leaning on
serpent-staff l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.18.20.2 (plate coin)
very rare, about VF

Die fault on the bottom of rev. legend of the Pi of VPA and some smoothing (Curtis Clay)
Jochen
nikopolis_macrinus_AMNG1704.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) 8.23.36.04 #1 (plate coin)41 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.16g, 26.64mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
obv. AV K OPPEL CEOV - HROC MAKRINOC
bust, laureate, r.
rev. VP AGRIPA(sic!) NIKO - POLITWN PROC IC
Homonoia, in long clothes and with kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and in outstretched re hand patera
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1704 (2 ex., Berlin, Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3334 (cites AMNG 1704, but describes AMNG 1705)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.23.36.4 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, deep black-green patina
Jochen
nikopolis_quasiautonom_#1.jpg
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 00. pseudo-autonomous, HrHJ (2013) 8.0.48.02 #1 (plate coin)41 viewsAE 14, 1.84g, 13.80mm, 180°
struck 2nd/3rd century AD
obv. (anepigraphic)
Bust of Nike as City-Goddess, winged, draped and turreted, palmbranch behind shoulders, r.
rev. NEIOPO (sic!) PROC ICTRON
Crescent with 3 stars
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.0.48.2 (plate coin)
rare, about VF, dark green patina

Pick states that Nike must have been the eponymous goddess of Nikopolis, explaining the unusual number of Victory rev. types on the city's coinage.
Jochen
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Siscia 39aA.jpg
A141-25 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)41 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – IA AVGGG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "ASIS" en exergo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #39a Pag.155 - Cohen Vol.VIII #45 Pag.144 - DVM #49 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9184.f. Pag.284
1 commentsmdelvalle
octavian.jpg
Octavian (Augustus)41 viewsAugustus (Octavian 30-29BC ) -- AR Denarius. Bare head right /Triumphal arch with IMP CAESAR on architrave, surmounted by quadriga bearing Octavian. RIC I 267; Sear CRI 481; Sear RCV 1558; RSC 123. 1 commentsfeatherz
Octavian.jpg
Octavian Sestertius41 viewsOCTAVIAN, with DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR. 38 BC.
Ć Sestertius
Obv: CAESAR before, DIVI F behind, bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard
Rev: DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind, head of Divus Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath.
Crawford 535/1; RPC I 620; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; BMCRR Gaul 106; Cohen 3 (Julius Caesar)
Tanit
Openwork-Belt-decoration_Q-001_34mm_11,35g-s.jpg
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0141 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
type:AE-Belt-decorationt
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Besztercze-Banya_1842_BR-Medal-Q-001_0h_45,5mm_40,49g-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"41 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
ORVOSOK-es-TERMESZETVIZSGALOK_Gyor_XVII-th_1874_BR-Medal_SEIDAN_Q-001_0h_44,00mm_48,77ga-s.jpg
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1874) AE-Medal, Győr, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1874), XVII-th. Scientific Conference, Győr"41 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1874) AE-Medal, Győr,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1874), XVII-th. Scientific Conference, Győr"
avers:
revers:
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 44,00mm, weight:48,77g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1874 A.D.,
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
P 4 D.jpg
Punic Zeugitana41 viewsShekel - Carthage - 300-264 BC
Diameter: 18 mm
Weight : 5 gms
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right

SNG 149
Tanit
Papia1.JPG
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC41 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
whitetd49
pergamon_BMC201.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon, BMC 20141 viewsAE 18, 3.08g
struck 200-133 BC (according to von Fritze)
obv. Head of Athena, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with star, hair in curls to neck.
rev. Owl with open wings, stg. facing on palmbranch, head l.
above AQH - NAC, below NIKHFOROV
in l. and r. field P - D (magistrate?)
ref. BMC 133, 201; SNG Copenhagen cf.383; SNG von Aulock cf.1375
about VF, nice contrasts

This type is part of a greater series of coins struck in honour of Athena, tutelary deity of Pergamon. Issued possibly to celebrate various victories over the Galati and the Seleucids.
3 commentsJochen
perinth1.jpg
Perinthos AE2641 viewsPerinthos pseudo-autonomous AE26, imperial times.
Obv: Bearded head of Herakles left.
Rev: ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN, Zeus on throne left, holding sceptre and patera, eagle at feet.
Ř 26 mm, 10.41 g.
Schönert, Perinth 116
2 commentsPscipio
philippus_001_2.93g_20-22mm_30_LG.jpg
Philip I41 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
sseverus
Philippus_II_fb.jpg
Philippus II. antoninianus41 viewsSAECVLVM NOVVM
Antiochia mint
rare
3 commentsTibsi
Philippus_I_al_b.jpg
Philippus I. Arabs antoninianus * UNIQUE *41 viewsObv.: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG / PM
Rev.: SRES FELICITATIS ORBIS (SRES instead of SPES)
unknown mint
unique
1 commentsTibsi
PhilipTetradrachmAmphipolis.jpg
Philip II tetradrachm, Amphipolis41 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. Struck around 315-294 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / FILIPP-OU, youth on horseback right, holding palm; L and torch below horse, dolphin under raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 48, 1; SNG ANS 807.1 commentsmarandnumiz
Philip_II_Saeculares.JPG
Goat - Philip II Antoninianus. A.D.24841 viewsObverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II facing right, seen from behind.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG. Goat walking left; in exergue, III (officina 3).
RIC IV iii : 224

This coin is one of a series of coins struck by Philip I and Philip II in A.D.248 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of Rome. Many of these coins depict the various animals, brought from all over the Empire, which were displayed in the arena during the games celebrating this event.
*Alex
Philip_I_elephant_and_rider.jpg
41 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Phokis_Federal_Triobal.jpg
41 viewsPHOKIS FEDERAL COINAGE AR TRIOBOL
C. 445-420 BC
Obv: Facing bulls head
Rev: Head of Artemis in incuse square
Super metal and detail
Williams 242a pl 8 (this coin)
2.97g
14mm

Ex. Roderick T Williams Collection, Baldwin's Auction 75, September 26, 2012, lot 2274.

Published: Silver Coinage of the Phokians, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 7 (London, 1972), 242a Plate 8
5 commentspaul1888
Photo_2006_6_12_21_5_13_edited.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED41 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
ancientcoins
Photo_2006_6_7_17_27_42_edited.jpg
Probus SALVS AVG41 viewsProbus, 281 A.D., Ticinum mint.
OBV: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms. V in left field, TXXI in exergue.

Part of the EQVITI series of Ticinum.
ancientcoins
Photo_2006_7_24_17_10_17_edited.jpg
Gallienus IOVI STATORI41 viewsGallienus, 263 A.D., Antioch.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left holding scepter and thunderbolt, star in right field.
1 commentsancientcoins
plautilla.jpg
Plautilla and Caracalla41 viewsRIC (Car.)361, Plautilla AR Denarius. 202 AD. PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE, draped bust right / CONCORDIAE AETERNAE, Plautilla & Caracalla clasping hands. RSC 10owellber
PMTRP_VIII_quad_Dlsd.jpg
PMTRP VIII quadriga Dlsd41 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped left shoulder
Reverse: PMTRPVIIICOSIIIPP, SC in exergue
Severus Alexander laureate and togate, standing in decorated quadriga right, holding reins and eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand and extending right
BMC 575-8, RIC 495
Weight, 20.78g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
pompeiiwall2.JPG
Pompeii wall painting41 viewsAnother stunning painting in Pompeii.Titus Pullo
POSEIDON A_R.jpg
Poseidon-Amphipolis41 viewsGreek, Amphipolis AE20. 168-149 BC. Head of Poseidon right in tainia / Club within oak-wreath, monograms above and below. BMC 23.
Moushmov_6017
Lysimachos
Postumus double denarius, 259-263 AD.JPG
Postumus antoninianus, 259-268 AD41 viewsPostumus, AD 260-268
AR - antoninianus, 15mm
Treveri mint; 3rd emission, 1st phase; AD 263-265
radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia
MONETA AVG
RIC V 75; Mairat 65
Ardatirion
PostumusAntPAx.jpg
Postumus41 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
R/ PAX - AVG
Pax walking left

Antoninianus struck 263 -265 in TRIER, 3° emission
C.220 - RIC.78 - Elmer 333 - Cunetio 2405 - AGK.51
gb29400
postumus_01.jpg
Postumus AE Double Sestertius41 viewsObv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA AVG - Galley with four rowers on waves to right.
Date: 261 AD
Ref: RIC 143
oa
PrinAart7.jpg
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Short hair, double diadem.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1
de Morgan 58
Sear GIC 5918
BMC 28 284 1
Mitchiner ACW 721-22
Howard Cole
PrinAartanchor.jpg
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D. , AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Small tufts of hair on top of head and side of head. Anchor in field to left of bust.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1-1A?
de Morgan 59
Sear GIC 5919
BMC 28 286 22
Howard Cole
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(F)_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_XXI-A_RIC-726_Siscia-Rome_1st-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22mm_2,94g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #141 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopiae; at foot, globe.
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome (Siscia), Pink attributes this coin to the first emission of Rome, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 726, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(F)_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXI-V_RIC-821_Alf-typ-101-No-14_Siscia_7th-em_280-AD_Q-001_6h_20,5-23mm_3,17g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 821, Siscia, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIV, Trophy between two captives.
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right. (F),
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Trophy between two captives. Both captives looking left The left captive's hands tied and held behind the back, the right captive's hands tied and held in the lap.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 821, p-, Alf-101, No-14,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP_A_XXI_RIC-922_Antioch_2nd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_21-21,5mm_4,22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
Q-001
quadrans
PtolemaiosII_obol.jpg
Ptolemy II - obol Weiser 1741 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BC). AE obol. Alexandria mint, ca 269-268 BC; 19.09g; obv. Laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right; rev. Eagle standing left on winged thunderbolt; monogram & shield to left, tiny monogram between legs. SNG Cop. 119, Svoronos 553, Weiser 17.

Ex A. Reich's collection
2 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1841 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
QIANLONG_S_1464_H_5_106.JPG
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.106 Type G1, KM 387.141 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The east branch coins havea six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11
Stkp
q_015.JPG
389-369 BC 41 viewsAmyntas III
AE15

Obverse:Head of Herakles wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΑΜΥΝΤΑ; Eagle right, serpent in its claws, bending down to devour it.

15.70mm 3.63gm

Sear 1512
maik
RI 064cm img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AE Sestertius - RIC 68841 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, Laureate head right
Rev:– [P M TR P III] COS II PP / S C, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Rome, A.D. 195
References:– RIC 688 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 068p img.jpg
068 - Geta Ae AS - RIC 175a41 viewsAe AS
Obv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder & cornucopia, wheel under chair, S C in ex
References:– RIC 175a
maridvnvm
RI 071h img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 138 (2e)41 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus standing right feeding serpent held in her arms
References:– VM 12, RIC 138 (2e) (Common), RCV02 7498, RSC 254
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13341 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
maridvnvm
RI 087a img~0.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 07041 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMA AETERNAE, Rome in military dress, seated facing left, on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 240
Reference:– Van Meter 48, RIC 70, RSC 314
Weight 4.43 gms
Dimensions 22.96mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ar img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 359 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS SEC, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 359 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ed img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 810 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIS)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars advancing right, holding a trophy and spear
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 810 Bust type H. Not listed in Alföldi with wide ties from this officina, cf. Alföldi type 96, n° 188 (wide ties)
maridvnvm
RI 132fy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (_ | P / XXI)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; sometimes at foot, one or two captives
Minted in Siscia (P in right field, XXI in exe.) Emission 7, Officina 1. A.D. 280.
Reference:– RIC 816 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132gk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIP)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIP in exe) Emission 3 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132ja img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm
maridvnvm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right41 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RIC26a.JPG
Cracalla (Aged.10)41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 26a, RSC 599, BMC 114, VF, 3.67g, 17.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery1 commentsowellber
RICIVi-335l.jpg
VICTORIAE BRIT - Septimius Severus41 viewsLimes Denarius, 210 ? (2.48gm)
RIC IVi.335, RCV.6385
Ox: SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: VICTORIAE BRIT
R: Victory seated left on shield (or shields), resting another shield on right knee and holding palm in left.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
Paul DiMarzio
RIC_192b.jpg
Philip Arab41 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. VICTORIA AVG -SC-
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
RIC 192b 9,28g 23mm (As)
1 commentsPriscus
RIC_392_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0392 Domitianus41 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIGA_-_INTERREGNUM_1575.jpg
RIGA - Free City41 viewsRIGA - Free City (1561-1581) Billon Schilling, 1575. Obv.: City gate, +CIVITATIS - RIGENSIS Rev.: City arms divide date; *MONE * NO * ARGENTEA Reference: Fedorov 615.dpaul7
RI_138c_img.jpg
138 - Magnia Urbica, Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2 343 - (Rome)41 viewsObv:– MAGN VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev:– VENVS V-I_CTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet
Minted in Rome (//KAS). A.D. 283-285
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 343. Cohen 17.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
rjb_1034cf.jpg
1034cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS AVG
Mars walking right with trophy over shoulder and spear
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 1034)
mauseus
rjb_caesar1_08_07.jpg
Lampsacus41 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
mauseus
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "RENOV ROMAN"
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
mauseus
rjb_car_202cf_11_06.jpg
202cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_314_5_replace.jpg
314-5cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "VIRTVS CARAVSI A"
Hlmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear & shield
Rev "PAX AVG"
Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC - (cf 314-5)
mauseus
rjb_car_707_07_06.jpg
70741 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "ADVENTVS AVG"
Carausius on horseback left, captive under foot
Unmarked mint
RIC 707
mauseus
rjb_car_den1_04_07.jpg
712bis41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "[FORTVN]A R[EDV]X"
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (712 bis)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_lon_30_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1441 viewsConstantius I
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_prob_lug79.jpg
Lugdunum 7941 viewsAntoninianus
IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left with two standards
Lugdunum, -/-//III
RIC 79
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_sest_alexander.jpg
22241 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-35 AD
AE sestertius
Obv "IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG"
Laur bust right (slight drapery on left shoulder?)
Rev "PM TRP XI COS III PP SC"
Sol standing left holding whip
Rome mint
RIC 525b
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_spain5_08_05.jpg
141 viewsObverse
VI over G
Reverse
Crowned 1641
mauseus
roman-republic_115-4BC_AR-Denarius_3_35gr_Roma_00.jpg
Roman Republic - Anonymous Issue of 115 - 114 BC - Roma seated on sheilds and helmet, she wolf before.41 viewsRoman Republic
Anonymous Issue Silver Denarius.
Rome Mint, 115 - 114 BC.

obv: Head of Roma right wearing Corinthian Helmet pushed up.

rev: Roma seated on a pile of shields holding spear, helmet below. She-wolf and twins before. Flying birds in both fields.

Weight: 3.35g - 20.59mm

Syd. 530.
6 commentsrexesq
roman27.jpg
Marcus Aurelius Sestertius41 views179-180 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII - Laureate head right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG IMP X COS III P P S-C - Virtus seated r., holding spear and parazonium.
RIC 1249.
2 commentsMinos
roman_emperor_otho.jpg
708a, Otho41 viewsOtho (69 A.D.)
John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Introduction
In January 69 Otho led a successful coup to overthrow the emperor Galba. Upon advancing to the throne, he hoped to conciliate his adversaries and restore political stability to the Empire. These ambitions were never to be realized. Instead, our sources portray a leader never fully able to win political confidence at Rome or to overcome military anarchy abroad. As a result, he was defeated in battle by the forces of Vitellius, his successor, and took his own life at the conclusion of the conflict. His principate lasted only eight weeks.
Early Life and Career
Marcus Salvius Otho was born at Ferentium on 28 April 32 A. D. His grandfather, also named Marcus Salvius Otho, was a senator who did not advance beyond the rank of praetor. Lucius Otho, his father, was consul in 33 and a trusted administrator under the emperors Tiberius, Gaius and Claudius. His mother, Albia Terentia, was likely to have been nobly born as well. The cognomen "Otho" was Etruscan in origin, and the fact that it can be traced to three successive generations of this family perhaps reflects a desire to maintain a part of the Etruscan tradition that formed the family's background.
Otho is recorded as being extravagant and wild as a youth - a favorite pastime involved roving about at night to snare drunkards in a blanket. Such behavior earned floggings from his father, whose frequent absences from home on imperial business suggest little in the way of a stabilizing parental influence in Otho's formative years. These traits apparently persisted: Suetonius records that Otho and Nero became close friends because of the similarity of their characters; and Plutarch relates that the young man was so extravagant that he sometimes chided Nero about his meanness, and even outdid the emperor in reckless spending.
Most intriguing in this context is Otho's involvement with Nero's mistress, Poppaea Sabina, the greatest beauty of her day. A relationship between the two is widely cited in the ancient sources, but the story differs in essential details from one account to the next. As a result, it is impossible to establish who seduced whom, whether Otho ever married Poppaea, and whether his posting to Lusitania by Nero should be understood as a "banishment" for his part in this affair. About the only reliable detail to emerge is that Otho did indeed become governor of Lusitania in 59, and that he assumed the post as a quaestor, a rank below that of praetor or consul, the minimum usually required for the office. From here he would launch his initial thrust towards the imperial throne.
Overthrow of Galba
Nero's suicide in June 68 marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and opened up the principate to the prerogatives of the military beyond Rome. First to emerge was Servius Sulpicius Galba, governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who had been encouraged to revolt by the praetorians and especially by Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt and scheming praetorian prefect at Rome. By this time Otho had been in Spain for close to ten years. His record seems to have been a good one, marked by capable administration and an unwillingness to enrich himself at the expense of the province. At the same time, perhaps seeing this as his best chance to improve his own circumstances, he supported the insurrection as vigorously as possible, even sending Galba all of his gold and his best table servants. At the same time, he made it a point to win the favor of every soldier he came in contact with, most notably the members of the praetorian guard who had come to Spain to accompany Galba to Rome. Galba set out from Spain in July, formally assuming the emperorship shortly thereafter. Otho accompanied him on the journey.
Galba had been in Rome little more than two months when on 1 January 69 the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. To show that he was still in charge Galba adopted his own successor, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus, an aristocrat completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate and particularly angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered. On that same evening a powerless senate awarded Otho the imperial titles.
Otho's Principate in Rome
It is not possible to reconstruct a detailed chronology of Otho's brief eight and a half weeks as princeps in Rome (15 January-15 March). Even so, Galba's quick demise had surely impressed upon Otho the need to conciliate various groups. As a result, he continued his indulgence of the praetorian guard but he also tried to win over the senate by following a strict constitutionalist line and by generally keeping the designations for the consulship made by Nero and Galba. In the provinces, despite limited evidence, there are some indications that he tried to compensate for Galba's stinginess by being more generous with grants of citizenship. In short, Otho was eager not to offend anyone.
Problems remained, however. The praetorians had to be continually placated and they were always suspicious of the senate. On the other hand, the senate itself, along with the people, remained deeply disturbed at the manner of Otho's coming to power and his willingness to be associated with Nero. These suspicions and fears were most evident in the praetorian outbreak at Rome. Briefly, Otho had decided to move from Ostia to Rome a cohort of Roman citizens in order to replace some of Rome's garrison, much of which was to be utilized for the showdown with Vitellius. He ordered that weapons be moved from the praetorian camp in Rome by ship to Ostia at night so that the garrison replacements would be properly armed and made to look as soldierly as possible when they marched into the city. Thinking that a senatorial counter-coup against Otho was underway, the praetorians stormed the imperial palace to confirm the emperor's safety, with the result that they terrified Otho and his senatorial dinner guests. Although the praetorians' fears were eventually calmed and they were given a substantial cash payment, the incident dramatically underscored the unease at Rome in the early months of 69.
Otho's Offensive against Vitellius
Meanwhile, in the Rhineland, preparations for a march on Rome by the military legions that had declared for Vitellius were far advanced. Hampered by poor intelligence gathering in Gaul and Germany and having failed to negotiate a settlement with Vitellius in early 69, Otho finally summoned to Italy his forces for a counterattack against the invading Vitellian army. His support consisted of the four legions of Pannonia and Dalmatia, the three legions of Moesia and his own imperial retinue of about 9,000. Vitellius' own troops numbered some 30,000, while those of his two marshals, Aulus Caecina Alienus and Fabius Valens, were between 15,000 and 20,000 each.
Otho's strategy was to make a quick diversionary strike in order to allow time for his own forces to assemble in Italy before engaging the enemy. The strategy worked, as the diversionary army, comprised of urban cohorts, praetorians and marines all from Rome or nearby, was successful in Narbonese Gaul in latter March. An advance guard sent to hold the line on the Po River until the Danubian legions arrived also enjoyed initial success. Otho himself arrived at Bedriacum in northern Italy about 10 April for a strategy session with his commanders. The main concern was that the Vitellians were building a bridge across the Po in order to drive southward towards the Apennines and eventually to Rome. Otho decided to counter by ordering a substantial part of his main force to advance from Bedriacum and establish a new base close enough to the new Vitellian bridge to interrupt its completion. While en route, the Othonian forces, strung out along the via Postumia amid baggage and supply trains, were attacked by Caecina and Valens near Cremona on 14 April. The clash, know as the Battle of Bedriacum, resulted in the defeat of the Othonian forces, their retreat cut off by the river behind them. Otho himself, meanwhile, was not present, but had gone to Brixellum with a considerable force of infantry and cavalry in order to impede any Vitellian units that had managed to cross the Po.
The plan had backfired. Otho's strategy of obtaining victory while avoiding any major battles had proven too risky. Realizing perhaps that a new round of fighting would have involved not only a significant re-grouping of his existing troops but also a potentially bloody civil war at Rome, if Vitellius' troops reached the capital, Otho decided that enough blood had been shed. Two weeks shy of his thirty-seventh birthday, on 16 April 69, he took his own life.
Assessment
To be sure, Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Perhaps, like Petronius, he saw it was safer to appear a profligate in Nero's court? In the final analysis, Otho proved to be an organized and efficient military commander, who appealed more to the soldier than to the civilian. He also seems to have been a capable governor, with administrative talents that recalled those of his father. Nevertheless, his violent overthrow of Galba, the lingering doubts that it raised about his character, and his unsuccessful offensive against Vitellius are all vivid reminders of the turbulence that plagued the Roman world between the reigns of Nero and Vespasian. Regrettably, the scenario would play itself out one more time before peace and stability returned to the empire.
Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue
Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Roman_Republican_denarius_of_Mn_Cordius_Rufus,_46_BC,_Rome.JPG
Roman Republican denarius of Mn Cordius Rufus, 46 BC, Rome41 viewsRoman Republic
M Cordius Rufus, 46 BC
AR denarius
Crested Corinthian helmet, owl on helm
RVFVS S.C.
Aegis of Minerva with head of Medusa at center
MN CORDIVS
Cr463/3; Syd 977
Ardatirion
roma__comemmoreative_she_woof.jpg
41 viewsROMA Commermorative 33.3-334 ap.J-C
Obv. VRBS ROMA, buste casqué et cuirassé ŕ gauche.
Rev: louve allaitant Romulus and Remus, au-dessus de deux étoiles.
Marque d'atelier:
18mm.,1,85g .,patine foncee
Heraclea
RIC VII 143 Urbs Roma Commemorative AE Reduced Follis. VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust left / She-wolf standing left, suckling twins, two stars above. Mintmark SMH officina letter and star. _1318

Antonivs Protti
Roma~0.jpg
5.1 Antoninus Pius Denarius,41 viewsreverse: ROMA COS IIII

Roma seated left
Zam
rrepvi01-2.jpg
Roman Republic, 210-170 BC41 viewsAR Victoriatus (2.8g, 17mm, 1h). Rome mint. Struck 210-170 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter facing right.
Rev.: ROMA in ex., Victory standing right crowning trophy.
Seaby (RSC I.) Anon. 9
Charles S
rub.jpg
L. Rubrius Dossenus (87 B.C.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: DOSSEN, Head of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN behind and below
R: L ·RVBRI, Triumphal quadriga right, thunderbolt on side-panel, small Victory on top holding wreath, L ·RVBRI in ex.
Rome
3.62g
Sear 258; Crawford 348/1 RSC Rubria 1 SRCV 258

Ex. Harlan J. Berk
3 commentsMat
Salonina-Billon-Ant_SALONIN-A-AVG_IVNO-REGINA_Q-left_field_RIC-12_Gobl-242b_Q-001_axis-11h_21,5mm_3,44ga-s.jpg
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,41 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/Q//--, diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-012, p-193, Göbl-242b,
Q-001
quadrans
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous41 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
Scipio.jpg
Scipio41 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

Obv: Q METELL SCIPIO IMP
Rev: EPPIVS LEG F C
Barry
Sear178.jpg
Sear 017841 viewsJustinian I (527-565 CE) 16-nummi, Thessalonica Mint. Weight 7.0g, diameter 22mm. Abu Galyon
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196641 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
sear_2056.jpg
Billion trachy lg module Hendy Type B (of Thessalonica) SB 205641 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ Emmanuel , bearded nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion holds scroll in l.
Reverse: Emperor stg. wearing divitision and chlamys holds labarum in r. gl. cr. in l.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 1204-1224 Attributed to Boniface de Montferrat )1204-07) or Demetrius de Montferrat bu Malloy et al
Sear 2056 Hendy type B 28.5-8
26mm 2.06gm
wileyc
sear_533.jpg
AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53441 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
28mm11.60
wileyc
Sellwood_84_16_Vologases_IV_tetradrachm.jpg
Vologases IV41 viewstetradrachm, 147 - 191 AD
Sellwood 84.16
2 commentsRobert L3
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SE-V-PERT-AVG_ADVENTVS-AVGVSTI_RIC-IV-I--p_C-_-_AD_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_2,59g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, barbar ??? ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, 41 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-, Laurate bust right.
revers:- ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome ???, date: A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-74, p-, RSC-6, S-, ???
Q-001
quadrans
SeptimiusSeverus_Anchialus_HermesSeated_AE26_10.7g.jpg
Septimius Severus, Anchialus, Hermes seated, Æ2641 viewsTHRACE, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD.
Ć 26mm (10.73 gm).
obv: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: Hermes seated left on rocks, holding caduceus and wearing petasos.
Strack 468; BMC Thrace pg. 84, 8; SNG Copenhagen 432. VF, tan patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
SeptimiusSeverus_HeropolisCastabala_Dionysos_AE31_14.6g.jpg
Septimius Severus, Heropolis-Castabala, Dionysos, AE3141 viewsAE31, 14.6g
obv: [AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVNPOC]; emperor standing left with Nike and spear
rev: IEPOΠOΛITΩN KACTABAΛEΩN; draped bust of Dionysos right
areich
Septimius_Severus.jpg
Septimius Severus - RIC 19841 viewsSilver Denarius. 205 AD. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Anonna standing left holding corn ears over modius to left & cornucopiae. RSC 472, RIC 198Bud Stewart
sept_sev_trphy.jpg
004 - Septimus Severus (193-211 AD), denarius - RIC 6341 viewsObv: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, laureated bust right.
Rev: PART ARAB PART ADIAB, two bound captives each sitting on shield, between them a trophy. COS II P P in eregue.
Minted in Rome 195 AD.

This coin refer to Severus´victory over the Arabians and Adiabenians, maybe in the civil war against Pescennius Niger.
1 commentspierre_p77
sestertius16.JPG
Maximus, Rome mint, struck 236-238 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsMAXIMVS CAES GERM bare-headed and draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, S-C Maximus standing left
RIC 13, Cohen 14
2 commentsdupondius
sestertius24.JPG
Faustina II., Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
sev_alex_marc_eagle.jpg
Severus Alexander; Eagle standing facing, head left; AE 2441 viewsSeverus Alexander, Marcianopolis, A.D. 222-235 Ć 24, 9.7g. Rev.YP IOY GETOYLIKOY MARKIANOPOLITWN, Eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak. Varbanov 1757 Podiceps
SHUNZHI_S1417_H17_5-6.JPG
Schjöth 1417, Hartill 17.5-6 (Type E), KM 30541 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

1 cash, 1660-1661, Jiangsu Province (Jiangning mint), 28 mm

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Ning (in Manchurian) to the left and Ning (in Chinese) to the right.

Hartill rarity 8
Stkp
Sigismund-Ducat-s.jpg
031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #0141 views031 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455i, #01
avers:- Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb; border of dots.
diameter:10,5mm, weight: 0,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare), mint mark: n-I (Pohl),
date: 1427-1430 A.D., ref: Unger-455i, CNH-2-128, Huszar-584,
Q-001
quadrans
Sikyon_Stater_(obverse).jpg
Peloponnesus. Sikyon AR Stater (obverse)41 viewsCirca 431-400 B.C. 12.27g. BCD-189, BM-22. Obverse. Chimaera walking left. SE below. Extremely beautiful stater. Ex Berk 179th 2012 Auction, lot 131. Mint State.Jason T
Spanish_Cob5.jpg
Spanish Cob41 viewsPhilip III ( 1598-1621), 8 Maravedis ?Daniel F
sphinx~0.jpg
sphinx41 viewsKaunos , 10mm , 1.4gXLi
square phocas.jpg
Phocas41 viewsJericho
stobi060908c.jpg
Septimius Severus, Stobi41 viewsSEVERVS PIVS AVGV
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left

MVNIC- STOBE
Victory/Nemesis in advancing left in long chiton,
turned left, wheel at her feet, holding wreath in right hand,
palm branch in left

Ae 27mm; 12.57g
Nominal III
2 commentsarizonarobin
Sulpicia_1.jpg
Sulpicius Galba41 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
SWED1812SK.jpg
SWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-181841 viewsSWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-1818 Copper 1 Skilling, 1812. KM #585.dpaul7
TacitusMartiPacif.jpg
41 viewsmarandnumiz
Teodosius.jpg
Theodosius Half Siliqua41 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Rare
Tanit
tet2.jpg
Contemporary Alexander the Great41 viewsAlexander III
Tetradrachm ca. 336-323 BC
midn_easy
Tetradracma VESPASIANO RPC 1970-3_1.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)41 viewsAR Tetradracma (Provincial) 25 x 23 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AYTOK[PAT ΩP KAICAP CEBATOC OYECIIACIANOC]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ETOY [NEOY IEPOY A ó B ó Γ]" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza a izquierda, sobre un garrote con sus alas extendidas y corona de laureles en el pico.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Syria - Seleucis and Pieria - Antiochia ad Orontem

Referencias: Sear GICTV #736 Pag.70 - BMC Vol.20 #227 Pag.178 - RPC (#1970 =Ańo 1, #1971=Ańo 2 ó #1973=Ańo 3) Grupo 7 - Prieur Syro-Phoenician tatradrachms (2000) pag.20 #132 Grupo 9
mdelvalle
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC 57.jpg
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC V/2 5741 viewsAnt, 17x19mm, 2.29g.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R; I think it was probably intended as draped and cuirassed, but there's no evidence of a cuirass.

Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 57, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
thai-coke_02.JPG
Thai Coca Cola41 viewsThai Coke2 commentsrexesq
Thasos__Circa_411-350_BC__AR_Hemiobol.JPG
Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR 8, Hemiobol41 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR Hemiobol (8mm, ca. 0.3g)
head of nymph left / dolphin left, Q-A. SNG Copenhagen 1035. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Podiceps
Theodosius_Vows1a~0.jpg
Theodosius I, Vows AE4 * 379-395 AD41 views
Theodosius I, Vows * 379-395 AD * Bronze

Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VOT / V / MVLT / X, Legend within wreath. ("I Vow five years, perhaps ten").

B(eta) SISC in exergue

Mint: Siscia

Size: 15 mm.
Weight: 1.4 grams
Patina: Medium green, flat.

RIC 29d.
Sear 4187v.
Tiathena
The_12_Caesars_opt.jpg
The Twelve Caesars41 viewsA denarius of each of the first 12 Caesars: Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian1 commentsLegatus
TiberiusGroup1.jpg
Tiberius Pax Group 141 viewsGroup 1, c. 15 - 18 A.D. Lugdunum mint.
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS; One of the ribbons of Tiberius' laurel wreath falls over his neck.
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Legs of the throne are plain, the throne is on a raised base represented by a second line above the exergual line, no footstool.

This coin has become relatively famous, and expensive, due to the fact that Tiberius was Emperor during the entire time of Jesus ministry. Jesus’ only recorded reference to Caesar is when Pharisees, along with party followers of Herod Antipas, try to trap Jesus. Matthew 22:15-22 contains one record of the exchange.
“Teacher,” these men say, “we know you are truthful and teach the way of God in truth, and you do not care for anybody, for you do not look upon men’s outward appearance. Tell us, therefore, What do you think? Is it lawful to pay head tax to Caesar or not?”
Jesus is not fooled by the flattery. He realizes that if he says, ‘Don’t pay the tax,’ he will be guilty of sedition against Rome. If he says, ‘Yes, you should pay this tax,’ the Jews, who despise their subjugation to Rome, will hate him. So he answers: “Why do you put me to the test, hypocrites? Show me the head tax coin.”
When they bring him a denarius, he asks, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
“Caesar’s,” they reply.
“Pay back, therefore, Caesar’s things to Caesar, but God’s things to God.”

It was the governments—represented by “Caesar”— that minted these coins and helped establish their value. So in Jesus view, they had the right to ask that it be paid back in the form of taxes. At the same time, he showed that “God’s things”—our life and worship—cannot rightfully be claimed by any human institution.

Baptiste Giard divides Tiberius' PONTIF MAXIM coins (aurei and denarii), into six groups, based on what he believes is the evolution of style over time.1 To some extent the portraits also reflect Tiberius' aging over a period of about 22 years. An excellent writeup can be found at http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=tribute%20penny.
Nemonater
Tibese02-2.jpg
cast copy of Tiberius, sestertius of AD 36-3741 viewscast copy of Ć sestertius (20.5g, Ř34mm, 1h), Rome mint, struck AD 36-37.
Obv.: Hexastyle temple, Concordia seated within, statues flanking and above.
Rev.: TI caesar divi AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXXIIX around large S C.
RIC 67 (R); Cohen 70; Sear (RCV 2K) 1766

Issue on the occasion of the dedication of the temple of Concordia, rebuilt by Tiberius (under Augustus) in 10 AD and celebrated by coins struck some 25 years later. The temple has flanking wings; the figures on the temple have been identified as: Concordia, seated within, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; Hercules and Mercury stand on flanking podia; Jupiter Juno, Minerva, Victories and other figures above pediment.
Charles S
Titia_1a_img.jpg
Q. Titius, Ar Quinarius41 viewsObv:– Draped and winged bust of Victory right
Rev:– Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below
Minted in Rome 90 B.C.
Reference:– Sydenham 693, Crawford 431/2

Weight 1.98g. Size 14.13 mm
maridvnvm
Tituria_L_Titurius_Sabinus_Cr344-2.jpg
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius41 viewsL Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.55g; obv. Head of Tatius right, palm below chin, SABIN behind; rev. L TITVRI in exergue, Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw their shields on her. Crawford 344/2b, Syd. 699a.

Notes: ex H. D. Rauch Auction.
2 commentsBartosz A
titus as caesar annona.JPG
Titus as Caesar RIC V97241 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 78-79 AD
RIC V972 (C), BMC V319, RSC 17
Obv: T CAESAR VESPASIANVS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona, draped, seated l. on throne, adorned with corn-ears, feet on stool, holding on her lap a sack of corn-ears open, the ties, looped at one end, in her hands.
VF

A reverse type that forms part of a new agrarian policy announcement. Both Vespasian and Titus issued many reverses during this era that seems to have promoted the new programme.

I like the portrait on this coin, which is why it has found a place in my collection. The toning is very pleasant in hand also.
Vespasian70
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint.JPG
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint41 viewsAE 26, Tiberias mint under Agrippa II 55-95 AD
Obverse: KAICAP CEBAC AVTOKP TITOC, Laureate head of Titus right
Reverse: ETO-KS BA / A (Gamma)PI-(Pi Pi)A, Nike standing right with wreath and palm.
26 mm, 13.2 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Titus,_79-81_AD,_bronze_Judaea_Capta.jpg
Titus Caesarea Maritima W/Countermark41 viewsTitus, 79-81 AD, Ae 21.6 mm, 7.09 g. Caesarea Maritima Mint
O: Laureate head of Titus right, Greek text ΑYTΟΚΡ TΙT ΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ around.
R: Nike right, left foot on helmet, writing AY T KAIC with right hand upon shield, hanging from palm tree. Greek text IΟΥΔΑΙΑΣ ΕΑΛWΚΥΙΑΣ around w/ countermark. Rare with countermark.
Hendin 1446 (prev. Hendin 743). AJC II supplement VII, 2.

Caesarea Maritima, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus, the Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
Nemonater
titus37a.jpg
Titus RIC 3841 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe
VF

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
titus_captive_and_trophy2.jpg
Titus RIC 3041 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 30 (C), BMC 15, RSC 274
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Trophy, below captive kneeling r.
VF

A 'Capta' type that may alternately be a Judaea or Britannia type. Mattingly in the BMCRE (BMC 2.xli) interprets these types of Titus as Augustus as referring to Britannia and Agricola's campaigns in Northern England and Scotland. Jane M. Cody in the book 'Flavian Rome' (pg. 111) agrees with Mattingly, citing the differences in shield and trophy designs with the standard Judaea Capta types. Confusingly, Mattingly states that this type issued for Titus as Caesar under Vespasian refers to Judaea while Cody believes both issues were minted for victories in Britain because of identical composition and detail.

Personally I think it commemorates the victories in Britain. It would be odd if the Flavian expansion going on in that province was not celebrated on the coinage.

A nice example with a slightly off-center obverse, but featuring a very pleasing portrait.
vespasian70
tjvero.JPG
LUCIUS VERUS41 viewsAR denarius. 163-165 AD. 3,82 grs. Laureate head right. L.VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS. /
Roma in military attire advancing left holding Victory and trophy. TR P V IMP II COS II.
RIC 537. RSC 270 a.
1 commentsbenito
tomis_philippII_AMNG3619.jpg
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis AMNG 361941 viewsPhilipp II AD 244-246
AE 27, 11.91g
obv. [M I]OVLFILIPPOC KAI / CAR AVG
confronted busts of Philipp II and Serapis
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (WC ligated)
Homonoia, in himation and long chiton, wearing kalathos, std. frontal, head l.,
holding Patera in extended r. hand and Cornucopiae with crab(?) in r. arm
Regling, AMNG I, 2, p.913, no.3619 (attr. by Pat Lawrence)
rare, F+/about VF

One of the latest provincial coins of Tomis.
Jochen
Traian_AE-Sest_IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P_S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI_S-C_RIC-523-p-281_C-445_Rome-103-111-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, RIC II 523, Rome, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, 41 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AE-Sestertius, RIC II 523, Rome, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Victory standing left, holding palm and erecting trophy.
exerg: -/-//SC, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-523-p-281, C-445,
Q-001
quadrans
Trajan Deicus--Ric16b.jpg
250 AD - Trajan Decius - 249-251 - Ric 016b - Genius41 viewsIMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG - Radiate, draped, and curaissed bust right
GENIVSEXERCILLVRICIANI - Genius standing Left, holding patera and cornucopia, standard on right.

Rome Mint, RIC 16(b)
1 commentsjimwho523
Trajan3.jpg
Emperor Trajan Denarius41 viewsIMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, drapery at shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Annona standing with cornucopiae, modius & basket at feet. RIC 166. 1 commentsStuart Francis
tralles_humped_bull.jpg
Tralles; AE 15.0; Head of Zeus right/ ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing left41 viewsTralles, Lydia. Second - first century B.C. AE 2.46g, 15.0mm. Head of Zeus laureate r. ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing l. BMC 336, 63; Copenhagen 667. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
TrebGallusRomae.jpg
Trebonianus Gallus41 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
black-prophet
tripolis_herakles_artemis.jpg
Tripolis; AE24, Head of Herakles r./ Artemis walking r.41 viewsTripolis, Lydia, Imperial times, AE 24.0mm, 5.97g. ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Head of Herakles r. / ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Artemis walking r. BMC 369, 37. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
two2.jpg
Severus Alexander AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis M.I.41 viewsSeverus Alexander & Maesa, AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis, M.I.
Demeter (Ceres), deity of agriculture, holds ears of corn, and frequently a torch.
Collection of "newone"

newone
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs41 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
---
-----
---
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
U3141F1DFQUPJWL.jpg
Constantine II AE Follis.41 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

laureate head right

CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X within wreath, large dot

RT in exergue.

RIC VII 243
3 commentsWill Hooton
U3141F1PYCLTTDK~2.jpg
R-8-A. L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.41 viewsType: L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

Ruler / Years: 47 B.C

Denomination: Denarius

Metal Type: Silver

Size / Weight: 18.6mm 3.47g,

Orientation:

Condition: VF

Obverse Description: head of Medusa facing, wearing hoop earrings

Obverse Legend: L·PLAVTIVS

Reverse Description: Victory facing, holding palm frond in left hand, leading four horses

Reverse Legend: PLANCVS

Exergue: Rome mint

Attributes: S 429, Syd 959b, Craw 453/1c, RSC Plautia 14,

Notes:






Scott Morris
Unlisted Ticinum.JPG
Constantine The Great, Ticinum, Unlisted41 viewsAE3, Ticinum Mint, 307-337 AD
Obverse: CONSTANTIN(VS AVG), Draped and cuirassed bust left in high crested helmet.
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAET PP, Two victories holding shield inscribed VOT / PR over alter
TT in exergue
17mm, 3.4gm

Bust type, obverse and reverse legend all unlisted in RIC for Ticinum VLPP coins.
Jerome Holderman
UR SMHE star.jpg
SMHε*41 viewsAE3 Follis, 2.70 g, 19 mm, 11 h

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε*

Heralcea mint

RIC VII 143
drjbca
urbs_roma_arles_ric_492_r4.jpg
Vrbs Roma - Arles41 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=18mm p=2,70g
antvwala
Valens 111a.jpg
Valens, RIC unknown41 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM
Emperor advancing right holding labarum and dragging captive.
Exe: unknown
Date: 364-378 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: unknown


Bluefish
VALENS-3.jpg
VALENS-341 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM Emperor walking right head turned back grasping bound captive at top of head with right hand holding banner with "Chi Rho"

Exe: branchrightBSISC Siscia mint

Ref: Rix IX 5b type iii 2.3g 17mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
valentiniano_III_imitativa.jpg
Valentinian III, Castrorvm Ianva, Roma41 viewsantvwala
Valentinian_II_4_opt.jpg
VALENTINIAN II AE4, RIC 63a, Vota41 viewsOBV: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: VOT/X/MVLT/XX, four lines in wreath
1.7g, 11mm

Minted at Constantinople, 383-8 AD
Legatus
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2541 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.
aVF

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
Vespasian70
vesp1.jpg
VESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD41 viewsVESPASIAN. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (16mm, 3.1 gm). Judaea Capta type. Antioch mint. Struck 72-73 AD. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / Palm tree; to left, Vespasian standing right foot on helmet (or globe?), holding spear and parazonium; to right, Jewess seated right beneath palm-tree in attitude of mourning. RIC II 363; Hendin 763; RPC II 1930; BMCRE 511; RSC 6452 commentsAdrian W
vesp498[1].jpg
Vespasian41 viewsVESPASIAN AE sestertius. Rome mint, 71 AD. IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right. Reverse - MARS VICTOR S-C, Mars advancing left, holding Victory and trophy. RIC (new) 238. 32mm, 23.6g. 1 commentsSoxfan
vespa dup2.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AE dupondius - struck 74 AD41 viewsobv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM TR COS V CENS (radiate head left)
rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA / S.C. (Felicitas standing left holding caduceus & cornucopiae)
ref: RIC II 555, C.152 (2frcs), BMC698
mint: Rome
11.42gms, 26mm
1 commentsberserker
Vespasian 1.jpg
09 Vespasian41 viewsDenarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right / SALVS AVG, Salus seated left holding patera. RIC 67, RSC431. Weight 3.34 g. Die Axis 6 hr.
2 commentsmix_val
Vespasian_RIC_II_1558.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 155841 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.94 g., 15.5m, 6h). Obv: [IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: Palm tree, to left, Vespasian standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, to right, Judaea standing right. RIC II 1558. Ex CNG.

A Judaea Capta type from the Syrian mint of Antioch, this type shows the typical high relief portrait of that mint. The palm represents the Roman province of Judaea, and this coin commemorates the Flavian’s greatest victory, that over Judaea in 70 A.D., a theme that pervaded the reigns of Vespasian and Titus.
3 commentsLucas H
Vesp__with_Titus_and_Dom_.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 112441 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas H
VI-228.jpg
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS - Constantine I41 viewsAE Follis, London, 310 - 312
4.74gm, 21mm
Ox: CONSTANTINVS P AVG
O: Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear over right shoulder, shield on left arm.
Rx: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Prince standing facing, head left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left reversed spear.

RIC VI.228 (R), ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
VICTORINUS.jpg
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS41 viewsObv: Emperor - Rev.: Pax. Cologne mint. 268-270 A.D. Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. Rev.: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding nolive branch and scepter.dpaul7
Victorinus~0.jpg
Victorinus41 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
Leg: IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS PF AVG
RV: Fides stg. holding two ensigns.
Leg: FIDES MILITVM
Ex: -
Cologne
RIC
Julianus of Pannonia
VII-268.jpg
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOT/IS/XX - Constantine I41 viewsAE3, London, 323 - 324
2.86gm, 19mm
Ox: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
O: Helmeted, cuirassed bust Right.
Rx: BEAT TRANQLITAS, PLON in ex.
R: Globe on altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX in three lines; above, three stars.

RIC VII.268 (R3), ex. Mike Fox
Paul DiMarzio
Viteas01-2.jpg
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6941 viewsĆ as (9.5g, Ř28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
ViteDu01-2.jpg
Vitellius, RIC 162, As of AD 6941 viewsĆ Dupondius (10.5g, Ř27mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS GERMA IMP AVG P M TR P, laureate draped bust of Vitellius facing right.
Rev.: CONCORDIA AVGVSTI (around) S C (in ex.), Concordia seated left holding cornucopiae and offering from a patera over an ornamented altar.
RIC 162
ex Numismatik Lanz (via eBay, 2008)
Charles S
VLPP_Sis55.jpg
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Siscia 5541 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 318-19
IMP CONSTANT-INVS AVG high crested helmet, cuir., spear across right shoulder.
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP[ Joyous (well-earned) victory to the eternal Prince] two Victories stg., facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)] on altar.
ΓSIS
RIC VII Siscia 55 r4

My Constantine Website
Victor
Vot 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm41 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; laur. bust r., ribbon across shoulder.
REV/ CAESARVM NOSTRORVM; VOT/I.S/.V. within wreath.
.ASIS. in exergue.
RIC VII, 143 (Rare 3)
If you're collecting L Jr., note the "ribbon" on the obverse as well as the "CAES" vs "C"; and also the Rx legend in three lines; it's the small details like these that add up to the correct attribution. ;-)
This is one of my very favorite L Jr. issues from the mint of Siscia; lots of silvering still intact!
1 commentsMayadigger
vrbs_roma_arles_ric_VII_385.jpg
Vrbs Roma - Arles41 views(P or S)CONST - Chi-rho between stars
Ric IX Arles 400 R3 or R4
d=14mm p=0,80g
1 commentsantvwala
Wladislai-II-3a-s.jpg
040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0141 views040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
revers:- PATRON_VNGARIE,
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Q-001
quadrans
Z070_AS_Vespasian.jpg
Vespasian: 69 - 79AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Z2207LG.jpg
Elagabalus from Panias41 viewsElagabalus --AE25, Caesaria Panias. R: Pan standing with three goats, all sharing a common head. cf. Meshorer, Ya'akov, Coins of Caesarea Panias, in Israel Numismatic Journal 8, 1984-85, page 57 no. 59 (Julia Soaemias). Thanks to David Hendin and Pat Lawrence for assistance on attribution!featherz
0010-019.jpg
Republic, Quartuncia40 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
002_(2)b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Drachm40 views1 commentsJaimelai
003.jpg
Tiberius AE As40 viewsRIC I 44, C 25, BMC 91
10.07 g, 29 mm
TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII, bare head left
PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII around large SC
Mark Z2
00335-Carinus.JPG
Carinus40 viewsCarinus Antoninians
23 mm 3.95 gm
O: IMP C M AVR CARINVS P F AVG
Laureate bust right
R: AEQVITAS AVGG
Aeternitas stg l, hldg Phoenix on globe
John Campbell
009.jpg
Traianus denarius40 viewsTrajan, 98 - 117 AD. Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. RV:SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, dacian captive seated right on pile of arms.
C.118, RIC 96, BMC 385.
VF+
1 commentsNico
00macrinus.jpg
MACRINUS40 viewsAE 27. Nikopolis. 217-218 AD. 12,38 grs. Statius Longinus, legate. Laureate head right. AVT K M OΠEΛΛI CEV MAKPEINOC AVΓ. /
Nemesis standing left, holding scales and measuring rod, wheel at feet left. VΠ CTATI ΛONΓIOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ.
Moushmov 1265 (variant). Hristova/Jekov No. 8.23.35.3 (same dies)).
benito
013~2.JPG
Maroneia, Thrace40 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
0210-410np_noir.jpg
Macrinus, Bronze40 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
0300-216.jpg
Gordian III, Denarius 40 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
0360-410np_noir.jpg
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm40 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_as_King_(1453-1457)_Denar_U-525b_C2-186_H-668_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #0140 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, B-P, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: B-P (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525b, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
Q-001
quadrans
049_Gordianus_AE-27-_AMNG-2326_6h_27mm_11,58ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,40 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius-Severus_AE-26-Marcianopolis-Moesia_Varb-1-791-p-117_Q-001_6h_26-27mm_10,42g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left, 40 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varb-2 269, AE-26, Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The Emperor standing left,
avers:- AY-Λ-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Y-I-ΦAVCTINIANOV-ΜAΡΚIAΗΟΠΟΛEΙΤΩN, The emperor with short tunic, standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27 mm, weight:10,42g, axis:6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate Faustinianus., date: A.D., ref: Varb-1-791-p-117,
Q-001
quadrans
049~0.JPG
1 franc Bazor 1944 petit c40 viewsAluminium, 23 mm
A/ ETAT FRANCAIS
R/ TRAVAIL FAMILLE PATRIE / 1 FRANC / 1944
Réfs : F. 223.6
Gabalor
053_Manuel_I.JPG
053. Manuel I, 1143-1180. BI Trachy.40 viewsObv. Mary facing
Rev. Manuel standing.
S1964
LordBest
05_GallienAbundantia.jpg
Gallienus ABUNDANTIA40 viewsGALLIENVS AVG
Radiated head right

R/ ABVNDANTIA AVG
Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae

Antoninianus struck in Rom
24 mm - 3.79 g -- axis 170°

RIC. Cohen.5

very large flan , traces of incuse portrait on reverse
full silvering
1 commentsgb29400
069.JPG
Histiaia, Euboia40 views196 - 146 B.C.
Silver Tetrobol
2.42 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine
Rev.: Nymph seated upon a stern of galley, ornamented with wing, holding naval standard,
AΓ monogram and bipennis axe below.
IΣTI - AIEΩN left mirrored
BMC 8 p.130, 60;
Sear 2496-98 v.
2 commentsJaimelai
07699q00.jpg
Trajan Decius (?), Antioch, Syria, Tyche seated in temple reverse, 15.66g, 28.8mm, 0o40 views1 commentsareich
076A.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis40 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
079_Traianus_Decius_(249-251_A_D_),_AE-Semmis,_RIC_IV-III_16c,_Rome,_No_legend,_S-C_across_the_field-Q-002-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #240 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- No legend, Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear, S-C across the field.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,1g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-128, p-126, Scarce!,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
095.JPG
Jovian AD 363-364 Sirmium (BSIRM)40 viewsObv: DNIOVIA-NVSPFAVG
Rev: VOT V MVLT X
RIC VIII 118
1 commentsLaetvs
1.jpg
Carabela Santa Maria40 viewsModel of the Carabela Santa Maria,
self-made, took me a few years for the completion.
5 commentsJuancho
100173.JPG
Demetrius Poliorketes 40 viewsDemetrius Poliorketes AE17. Monogram of Demetrius in center of a Macedonian shield / BA - SI to either side of a crested Macedonian helmet with cheek flaps. 4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
1004301.JPG
Constans40 viewsBetter photo

Constans AE 3
CONSTANS P F AVG, laureate & rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, O on banner. Mintmark: A SIS star
Siscia
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
100_0667.JPG
Romulus and Remus40 views2 commentssimmurray
113B.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I AV Tremissis40 viewsRIC X 611, Depeyrot 93/3 Constantinople (first reign)
15 mm, 1.46 g, 6h
D N LEO PE-RPET AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath in right hand and globe in left hand; star in right
CONOB in exergue
Scarce
Mark Z
118.JPG
Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople40 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
Laetvs
11826LG.jpg
Anonymous AE Semis40 viewsAnonymous AE Semis. Circa 211 BC. Laureate Bust of Saturn right, S behind / Prow right, S above. Cr56/3; Syd143. 8.79g, 23mm.
Very Good.

Ex Roma Numismatics
Philoromaos
124- Vespasian Dup. RIC 478.JPG
Vespasian Dup. RIC 47840 viewsAE Dupondius , 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right.
Rev: SC, Victory flying to left holding shield inscribed SPQR.
28 mm , 9.6 gm.
RIC 478-1, Cohen 464.
jdholds
124266.jpg
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Æ Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD.40 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Ć Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopiae. RIC IV 168a; Cohen 26. VF, green patina under dusty overtones, minor encrustation on jowl.1 commentssseverus
125- Constantius Hoc Signo.JPG
Constantius Hoc Signo40 viewsAE2 , Siscia mint
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, Diademmed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind star before.
Rev: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor standing holding labarum and scepter, being crowned from behind by Victory. A in left field.
.(gamma) SIS. in exergue. RIC 286
22mm, 4.3gm.
jdholds
126e.jpg
Mark Antony & Octavian Denarius (Syd 1181; RCV 1504)40 viewsMark Antony & Octavian, Silver Denarius, mint of Ephesus, 41 B.C. 3.55g

Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P, head of Antony right

Rev. CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C, head of Octavian right

12h (Cr 517/2; Syd 1181; RCV 1504). Small banker’s mark on obverse, attractive old iridescent cabinet tone, nearly extremely fine.

Ex. Baldwin & Sons
5 commentsKained but Able
12957p00.jpg
1503a, Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.40 viewsGratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D. Bronze AE 3, F, 2.352g, 19.13mm, 0o. Obverse: emperor's diadmed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor draging captive, * in left field.

Gratian, son of Valentinian I, became the sole ruler of the Western empire in 375 A.D., and after the catastrophic defeat of the Roman forces at Hadrianopolis the Eastern empire also came under his rule. To better cope with the empire, he elevated general Theodosius to the Eastern throne. Because of a shortage of coinage to meet the payroll, Gratian was abandoned by his troops during the revolt of Magnus Maximus. He was overtaken and killed while fleeing to the Alps.
Cleisthenes
13.jpg
Marco Vipsanio Agrippa (asse, conio Caligola) 38 d.C.40 viewsMarco Vipsanio Agrippa, amico di Augusto, nonno di Caligola, parente di Nerone
Asse, coniato sotto Caligola nel 38 d.C. , zecca di Roma
AE, 9.477 gr, 29.1 mm, 180°, F (MB)
D/ M AGRIPPA L F COS III, testa a sx
R/ Nettuno con delfino e tridente, S C
RIC Caligola 58, S 556
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (13 novembre 2007, numero catalogo 106); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2007)
paolo
1481.jpg
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)40 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
15088LG.jpg blk.jpg
IONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD. Æ 15mm.40 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD.
Ć 15mm (2.76 gm).
Obv: The River-God Meles reclining left, holding reed
Rev: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
SNG Copenhagen 1301; Klose pg. 178, Gruppe B (V2/R-).
2 commentsJericho
152~0.JPG
Constantius II AD 337-361 Sirmium (SIRM) 40 viewsObv: DNCONSTAN-TIVSPFAVG
Rev: Victory with Two Wreaths,
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
RIC VIII 25
2 commentsLaetvs
15753LG.jpg
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS Legio IIII Flavia Felix40 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 193-211 AD. AR Denarius - 17mm (3.03 g). Struck 193 AD. Laureate head right / LEG IIII FL, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards. RIC IV 8; BMCRE pg. 616, 10a; RSC 264. VF, obverse a little rough.

http://www.livius.org/le-lh/legio/iiii_flavia_felix.html
sseverus
16-4.jpg
40 views171. Silver denarius, 18mm, 3.60g, Rome 13 - 18 September 96 A.D.; IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XVI laureate head right
IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva 4; RIC -, RSC -; Ex. DooCollect

Struck in the final week of Domitian's reign. Since he became emperor on 13 September 81 A.D., at the same date he received his first tribunician office which was renewed yearly. He reached TR P XV on 13 September 96, but five days later he was murdered. Of course, not many coins could have been struck in such a short period and much less survived to our time. The M4 type was not discovered in time for inclusion in Ian Carradice's thesis in late 70's and the coin here appears to be unique.
FORVM AUCTIONS
16039LG.jpg
GORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus.40 viewsGORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.78 g). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Mars walking right, holding spear and shield. RIC IV 147; RSC 160. EF
1 commentssseverus
1630265cw8.jpg
Julius Caesar denarius40 viewsDate: 44 BC
Mint: Galia
Obverse: Elephant trampling a snake and CAESAR
Reverse: Pontificisl Emblems

Ex Elaine Fantham collection, pic made by CNG.
1 commentsXulodue
164.JPG
Byzantine Lead Seal, 7th-9th Century40 viewsObv: Cruciform Invocative Monogram Atop Large Wreath
Rev: Five-Line Inscription
25 x 20 mm
Laetvs
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