Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Share your collection with the world! A FREE service provided by Forum Ancient Coins No limit to the number of coins you can add - more is better! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Share your collection with the world! Please add a coin from our shop to your collection today! Support the services you use at Forum by shopping at Forum.

Members' Gallery Home | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Most viewed
Julian II RIC VIII Constantinople 165 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II (The Apostate), RIC Constantinople 16564 viewsJulian II
Constantinople Mint. 361-363 A.D.
18.8mm. 2.97g.
Die Alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG - Helmeted, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right hand, shield in left.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX surrounded by wreath.
Exergue: (palm branch)CONSA(palm branch)
Ref: RIC VIII Constantinople 165. Sear '64-3971var. VM 28.
Justinian I follis64 viewsFollis, 557-558, Constantinople, 4th officina, 30mm, 15,1g.vercingetorix
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0364 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493, Pohl-50,
Antique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #0164 viewsAntique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #01
type: AE-round plate or phalera from Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay,
size: 28mm,
weight: 6,87g,
date: c. 2nd century A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Rome,
North Korea64 viewsKm183 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km187 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km188 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km190 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km192 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km194 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km196 - 1 Chon - 2002
Km3 - 10 Chon - 1959
Daniel F
Mysia, Kyzikos, hemiobol64 views9mm, 0.33g
obv: forepart of wild boar left, tunny fish behind
rev: lion's head left, facing lion's head above
2 commentsareich
L. Censorinus, Crawford 363/1d64 viewsL. Censorinus, gens Marcia
AR - Denar, 3.68g, 24.17mm
Rome 82 BC
obv. (no legend)
bust of Apollo, laureate, r.
rev. L. CENSOR l.
Marsyas walking l., gazing upwards, raising r. Hand, with wineskin above
shoulder; tall column behind, surmounted by a draped figure (Minerva?)
Crawf. 363/1d; Syd. 737; Kestner 3155; BMCR Rome 2657; Marcia 24

Allusion to the myth of Marsyas. When he found the flute, Athene had invented but thrown away, he challenged Apollo for a contest. Apollo won with his cythara and skinned him alive.
1 commentsJochen
100 Constantius II, AD 337-36164 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.00g, gF
Struck AD 355-360 at Arles
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left arm / GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN in ex (TAN in monogram). Graffiti on obverse fields
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC 238
Lawrence Woolslayer
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VII 64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (faithful and loyal Claudian legion) dates back to the four legions used by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars and played a crucial role in The Battle of Pharsalus in 58 BC, and it existed at least until the end of the 4th century, guarding middle Danube. The emblem of this legion, as well as of all Caesar's legions, was the bull, together with the lion.

Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesar's invasions of Britain.

Tiberius Claudius Maximus the Roman soldier who brought the head of Decebalus to emperor Trajan was serving in Legio VII Claudia.

2 commentsJay GT4
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG VIII64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC


This legion is not LEG VIII Augusta which was disbanded by Caesar and re-enlisted by Octavian.

5 commentsJay GT4
001 - Licinius I (308-324 AD), Follis - RIC 6064 viewsObv: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe. Eagle with wreath in beak below left.
Minted in Thessalonica (.TS.A. in exe), officina 1, 312-313 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
Licinius I, Iovi Conservatori Avgg.jpg
Licinius I- Cyzikus RIC 964 viewsobv: IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, consular bust l.
[gamma] in r. field
SMK in exergue
RIC Cyzikus 9

Nicely silvered example.
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,64 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 054, -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, AE-3 Follis, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C (6,G5-l.), Helmeted bust left holding spear and shield.
revers:- IOVI-CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe andscepter, eagle with wreath in beak to left and captive to right at foot, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right,
exergo: -/X/IIΓ//SMHΓ, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,48g, axis:11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-54, p-548,
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #264 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var, -/Λ//SMHB, AE-3 Follis, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Camp gate, #2
avers:- IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG, (2,J1 r.), Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and scepter on globe.
revers:- PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G, Camp gate with tree turrets, no dors, 6 layer of stones and Λ in right in field.
exergo: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-48 var (RIC err not left, right), p547, c1,
USA, Seated Liberty dime love token, 189064 views"SPL" (or "SPI"?) monogram on high grade host coin.
Ex-"oscarsaab" (eBay). (11,334,027).
Lysimachos tetradrachm64 views288/281 BC, Amphipolis
obv: diademed head of the deified Alexander with horn of Ammon right
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΞΟΥ; Athena enthroned left, holding Nike and resting left elbow on shield decorated with lion’s head, spear resting to her right
(Thompson in Essays Robinson 201 var. (position of 2nd monogram))
ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 10
2 commentsareich
Macedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #164 viewsMacedonia, Amphipolis, (c.187-31 B.C.), AE-20, Sear #1394, AMΦIΠOLITΩN, two goats, #1
avers:- Diademed head of Artemis Tauropolis facing right, with bow and quiver at her shoulder.
revers:- Two goats on their hind legs, contending, face to face, with the Greek legend AMΦIΠOLIT-ΩN, in the fields.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 6,13g, axes: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Amphipolis, date: c.187-31 B.C., ref: Sear #1394,
1 commentsquadrans
Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.64 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Mariniana, Peacock64 viewsMariniana AR Antoninianus

veiled & draped bust right on crescent

peacock flying right, carrying Mariniana, veiled, with raised hand & scepter
1 commentsarizonarobin
170 Marcianus ( 450-457 A.D.), Constantinople, RIC-X 545, AE-4, Monogram type-2, -/-//CON, #264 views170 Marcianus ( 450-457 A.D.), Constantinople, RIC-X 545, AE-4, Monogram type-2, -/-//CON, #2
avers:- DN-MARCIANVS-P-F-AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Monogram of Marcian within wreath, S below, cross above, monogram type:2,
exe: -/-//CON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Constantinople, date: 450-457 A.D., ref: RIC-X-545,
64 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Sestertius.
Reign: Emperor, A.D. 161-180
Denomination: Æ Sestertius.
Diameter: 31 mm.
Weight: 25.46 grams.
Mint: Struck in Rome, A.D. 158-9.
Obverse: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG. PII F. Head, bare, right, bust draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: TR. POT. XIII COS. II S. C. Virtus standing right, left foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium.
Reference: RIC (A. Pius) 187, 1349b. Cohen 741.
Ex Richard Graham Collection, Schulman Sale, June, 1966, #1896.
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 16364 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180
AR - Denar, 3.53g, 18.1mm
Rome summer - Dec 168
laureate head r.
Victory standing frontal, head r., holding palmbranch
in r. hand and hangig with l. hand shield described with
VIC PAR on palmtree
RIC III, 163; C.878
EF, rare in this condition

This issue celebrates the victory AD 162 of Lucius Verus and his general Avitus Cassius in the Parthian war. So Rome was able to put his man on the Armenian throne.
Marti Pacifero Cldc64 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: MARTIPA_CIFERO, SC left and right, low in field
Mars helmeted, in military dress, stranding front, head left, holding branch in right hand and vertical spear reversed in left.
bust variety of BMC 74-5 (front view), RIC 585
Weight, 19.80g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,64 views046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,
diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 0,37g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Maximianus London mint Follis64 viewsMaximianus I Herculius
Æ Follis. Mint of Londinium, 306-308 AD (2nd reign).
Obv. D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right.
Rev. GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. PLN (1st officina) in ex.
Ref. London RIC VI 90, Cohen 142, Sear'88 #3646. Common (C2).

Ex Spink, York

2 commentsPhiloromaos
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #164 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
Miletos, Ionia64 views525 B.C.
Silver 1/12 stater
1.20 gm, 9-12 mm
Obv: Head of lion left
Rev: Star ornament within incuse square
Grose 8207, SNGvA 2082, SNG Cop 952, BMC 185.
3 commentsJaimelai
Mudie 01. George III Dedication Medal, 1817.64 viewsObv. Laureate head of George III right HOC AVSPICEORBIS SALVS. MDCCCXVII.
Rev. One standing female allegorical figure on the left, flanked by lion and holding a cross, allegorical female figure seated on right holding horn of plenty, rocky outcrop behind. RELIGIONE FIDE ET CONSTANTIA

The first medal in the forty medal Mudie series, and one of the most beautiful.
1 commentsLordBest
Mysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,64 viewsMysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,
avers:-No legend, Gorgon head facing.
revers:- Π Α above a bull standing left looking back, Ρ Ι between bull's legs, under "Bukranion".
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Mysia, Parion, date: c. 350-300 B.C.,
ref: SNG von Aulock-7423, SNG Paris-1380, SNG Cop-257-266var, BMC-95.19.,
Nabataean 4th year.JPG
Aretas IV Nabataean Kingdom64 viewsSize: AE 18mm
Obverse: Aretas/Shaqilat
Reverse: Cornucopia
Date: 9BC - 40AD
1 commentsJohn K
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.64 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.

Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.

The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.

Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.

The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
NERO AR billon tetradrachm. Nero & Alexandria with elephant headdress. 64 viewsNERO AR billon silver tetradrachm. ROMAN EGYPT NERW KLAV KAIS SEB GER, radiate bust right, wearing aegis.
Reverse - AVTOKPA, draped bust of Alexandria right in elephant skin headdress, LIB to right. Struck at Alexandria, year 12. (65-66 AD).
RPC 5289. Sold
Antonivs Protti
Cappadocia, Caesarea. Nerva64 views(Didrachm / AD 97)
Laureate head of Nerva right.
Club of Hercules.
2 commentsancientone
Orodes III, AE Drachm64 viewsOrodes III, 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing left, wearing a diadem tiara with an anchor on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Radiate and draped bust of Artemis right. Greek legend around bust

Weight: 3.5 grams

van't Haaff 16.1.1-1
de Morgan 23 (Orodes I)
Sear GIC 5892
BMC 28 254 16ff
2 commentsHoward Cole
Dolphin * 520-400 B.C. * Cast Bronze * Olbia, Sarmatia64 views
Bronze Dolphin - Olbia

Cast: 520-400 B.C.

Size: 28.20 x 9.345 mm.
Weight: 2.05 gms.

Condition: As shown in the photo. A lovely specimen.

- ? -
Roman, Otacilia Severa early64 viewsRIC 123c (4,3 gm, 24 mm).
Mint of Rome, 244 AD.
A pleasant strike!
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King64 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Crowned lion right, looking backward. Rev.: Eagle over vine. Luschin #69a. dpaul7
Byzantine Lead Seal circa 100064 viewsObv: Standing Military Saint Holding Spear and Shield
Rev: Six-line Inscription
17 mm
Parthian bronze 3.jpg
Small Bronze 364 viewsPhraates IV

Obverse: King's head L, bareheaded, diadem, pointed beard, eagle R with wreath.

Reverse: humped bull R in square inscription.


10mm, 0.87g.

Sellwood 52.47
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
41-60 AD - Semi-Autonomous AE15 of Pergamum - struck under the time of the Claudians64 viewsobv: PEON CYNKLHTON (youthful draped bust of the Roman Senate right)
rev: PEAN PWMHN (turreted and draped bust of Roma right)
ref: RPC 2374, SNG BN Paris 1964
mint: Pergamum, Mysia (40-60 AD)
4.03gms, 15mm

Pergamum was not conquered by the Romans. In 133 B.C. Attalus III, its last king, bequeathed Pergamum to the Romans and this granted to the city and its inhabitants the continued benevolence of the new rulers (with the only exception being Marcus Antonius who deprived the Library of Pergamum of many of its volumes to replenish that of Alexandria, which had been damaged by Julius Caesar).
Philip I AR Antoninianus 244-24964 viewsOb. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev. LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae

Ref. RIC 38b, RSC 87

SAECVLARES AVGG I64 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Rome mint
Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,64 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
Roman Empire, Philip I/Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.64 viewsAR Silver Antoninianus, Philip the Arab 244-249 A.D.
Obverse : IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ear over galley at feet, & cornucopia.
RIC 59
RSC 33
SR 8924
(Please click to enlarge.)
Larry M2
Philip V of Macedonia * Poseidon & Athena Alkidemos (221-179 BC)64 views
Philip V, Æ22 * Poseidon* & Athena* Alkidemos

Obverse: (Kemp) Laureate head of Poseidon, facing right.
Reverse: Athena Alkidemos striding/advancing left with shield, hurling a thunderbolt. Monograms in left and right fields.

Mint: Pella (?)

Bronze *
Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 8.72 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Patina: Lovely deep-sea green, towards dark-olive.

This coin appears to be unlisted in standard references; however, it is listed in
SNG Greece 2 - The Alpha Bank Collection #1071 ( I P ) in the right field ( I G{amma} in present instance).
It is also listed in Mamroth ZFN 42 ( a specialized work on Philip V in German).
Mamroth 42

* Olympian

PHRYGIA, APAMEIA64 viewsca. 133 - 48 BC
AE 22 mm 5.82 g
O: Bust of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmeth
R: APAMEWN, eagle alighting on base with meander pattern, flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi, ANTIFWN [MENEKLEOS (magistrate), mostly off flan] below
2 commentslaney
York plan 264 viewsA plan of the Roman fort of Eboracum overlaid on a street plan of York. The numbers refer to a couple of the photo locations for orientation.mauseus
Plautilla (202-205) denarius (AR)64 viewsObv.: PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (Draped bust of empress) Rev.: CONCORDIA AVGG (Concordia standing with patera and sceptre) Weight: 2,74 g Diameter: 19 mm RIC 363 (a)3 commentsNick.vdw
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F)
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R*Z, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, p-38,
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1964 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
Ptolemy I64 viewsSilver tetradrachm, BMC 57, VF, 14.0g, 25.4mm, 40o, Miletus, Ionia? mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, minute D behind the ear; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, P over MI monogram in left field; high relief, toned, reverse off center
1 commentssalem
Pub. Crepusius Denarius 82 B.C.64 viewsPub. Crepusius AR Denarius. 82 BC. Laureate head of Apollo right, control symbols before and behind; Reverse, Horseman right, brandishing spear; P CREPVSI in ex, control-numeral behind. Syd 738a, Cr361/1c.

Ex Moneta Nova
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Schjöth 1464, Hartill 5.106 Type G1, KM 387.164 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), 1782 [?] -1795, Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), east branch, 22.5 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type G is comprised of coins with a hook yi, a square head tong (except for the west branch) a protruding head boo, chiowan in regular style, a slanting gan (except for the south branch), and a diameter of 23 mm or less. The workmanship is often poor.

Subtype G1 coins have small rims. The east branch coins havea six stroke bei.

Hartill rarity 11
Quality scarce bronze kavanahu of Parakrama Bahu II (1236-1271), Singhalese Kingdom of Sri Lanka64 viewsSeated king, SRI PARAKRAMA BAHU in Brahmi in two vertical lines in the left field / King standing, small altar in the left field, various dots and decorations in fields. 21mm, 4.31 grams. Mitchiner NIS 845-847.

Barakrama Bahu II was the Sighalese ruler of the southern portion of Sri-Lanka who reconquered the northern part of the island from the South Indian Cholas in 1170 AD. 1500

Antonio Protti
Quinarius OCTAVIO RIC 276.jpg
06-10 - OCTAVIO (32 - 27 A.C.)64 viewsAR Quinario 13 x 15 mm 1.5 gr.
Conmemora el sometimiento de la Provincia de ASIA en el año 30 A.C.

Anv: Cabeza desnuda de Octavio viendo a derecha - "CAESAR" detrás, "IMP VII" delante.
Rev: Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre una cesta mística, flanqueada por dos serpientes erectas, portando corona de laureles en mano derecha y palma sobre hombro izquierdo - "ASIA" campo derecho y "RECEPTA" en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 29/28 A.C.
Ceca: Brundisium ó Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #276 Pag.61 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1568 Pag.302 - Sear CRI #429 - BMCRR (este) #240 (= BMCRE #647) - RSC Vol.1 #14 Pag.132 - Cohen Vol.1 #14 Pag.64 - CBM #902 - Babelon MRR B#145
Anonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,64 viewsAnonymus AE Sextans (217-215 B.C.), Rome, Republic, AE-30, Crawford 38-5, Prow of galley right,
avers:- Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; two pellets (mark of value) above.
revers: - ROMA, Prow of galley right; two pellets (mark of value) below.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 22,57g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:217-215 B.C., ref: Crawford 38-5, Sydenham 85,
043 B.C., P.Accoleius Lariscolus, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford 486/1, Rome, Diana-Hecate-Selene faceing, 64 viewsP.ACCOLEIVS – LARISCOLVS, Republic Ag Denarius,
avers:- Bust of Diana Nemorensis right draped, behind P.ACCOLEIVS upwards, before LARISCOLVS down wards, border of dots.
revers:- Triple cult statue of Diana Nemorensis (Diana-Hecate-Selene) faceing, behind, cypress grove, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 43 B.C., ref: Crawford 486/1, Sydenham 1148,
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.64 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064ak img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 50964 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing right, holding spear and leaning on shield set on captive
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 – 202
References:– VM 80/1, RIC 509 (Common), RSC 321
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132cr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 351 Bust type G (Ticinum) (TXXT)64 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (TXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 351 Bust type G
RI 132k img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 801 - Bust Type F (Rome) (XXIS)64 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Probus standing right holding globe in left and transverse spear in right
Minted in Rome (XXIS in exe) Emission 1 Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 801 Bust type F
Pink attributes this coin to Rome and not Siscia
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 767, Siscia, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//XXIS, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 767, Siscia, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//XXIS, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (G)
revers:- SOLI-INVICT-O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip.
exerg: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission of Siscia, 279, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-767, p-100, Alföldi type 76 No 168,
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 314F, Siscia, A//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers: VIRTVS-AVG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). A in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emiss. date: 285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-314F,
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62764 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– LIBERAL . AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE pg. 102, RIC 627, RSC 103
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)64 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
Apulian kylix64 viewsApulian (Greek colonies in Southern Italy) kylix or shallow drinking vessel with palm frond tondo, c 325 BC.3 commentsmauseus
1164 viewsObverse
PHILIPPVS monogram
REX monogram over 1659
8 (irregular?)
Commodus - Dupondius. AD 179-18064 viewsRIC 292a
Virtus seated r. with reversed spear and parazonium, VIRTVS AVG IMP III COS II P P, S C

(Given to a friend)
Roman Provincial Coin AE23mm (5.1g).64 viewsS. Alexander from Coela in Thrace, with AEL MVNICIP COELA reverse legend. sold4 commentsAntonivs Protti
RPC-1648-Vespasian64 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.76g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1648 (9 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike on elongated base, advancing r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Ex CNG E348, 8 April 2015, lot 526.

At first glance this didrachm appears to be the common Nike type struck at Caesarea, Cappadocia, but upon closer inspection one discovers it is in fact a rare, often overlooked, variant. Nike is seen here advancing right on an elongated base (the horizontal line in exergue). The more common version of this type has no such base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base, just to illustrate how much rarer this variant is. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as"advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck slightly off-center in good "local" style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
RPC-2468-Titus64 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.30g
Alexandria mint, 80-81 AD
RPC 2468 (14 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK TITOY KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB; Head of Titus, laureate, r.
Rev: ΣAPAΠIΣ; bust of Sarapis, r., date LΓ before bust
Acquired from Zurqieh, October 2015.

During Titus' brief reign Alexandria only struck coinage for regnal years 2 and 3. This tetradrachm from regnal year 3 features the very standard Egyptian reverse type of Sarapis, a type not minted for Vespasian's tetradrachms.

Struck in a pleasing 'Alexandrian' style.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
Sear 715 - Decanummium - 608-610 AD - Carthage mint64 viewsRevolt of the Heraclii (608-610 AD)
Date: 608-610 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: RCIO - CONSVI
Bust of Heraclius, facing, bearded, wearing consular robes. In right hand, eagle-topped scepter. Above head, cross.

Reverse: Large "X"; Above, cross; Beneath, ; To left, /N/; To right, /M/

Carthage mint
DO 8; Sear 715
2.88g; 17.6mm; 330°
2005A ISAAC II ANGELUS AE TETARTERON S-2005V B DOC 5 CLBC 7.4.264 viewsOBV Bust of Archangel Michael, beardless and nimbate, wearing divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type, holds in r. a spear, and in l. Globus cruciger.

REV Bust of emperor wearing stemma. Divitision, collar piece, and jeweled loros of a simplified type; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. anexikakia.

This is a Thessalonica minted coin, it contains no silver. It is believed to be valued at 1/864 Hyperpyron and the Metropolitan (Constantinople) issues at 1/288 Hyperpyron. This coins are much more common than Metropolitan coins and very abundant in today’s marketplace.

Size 20/17mm

Weight 3.8gm

DOC lists 11 examples with weights ranging from 3.21 gm to 5.37gm
Sabina 40.jpg
Sabina - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST64 viewsObv:- SABINA AVGVSTA IMP HADRIANI AVG, Diademed, draped bust right

sabina den-.jpg
117-138 AD - SABINA AR denarius - struck 117-135 AD64 viewsobv: SABINA AVGVSTA
rev: VENERI GENETRICI (Venus standing right holding an apple)
ref: RIC396, C.73
64 viewsSabina Augusta Hadriani Avg pp. Diad and draped bust r.Hair coiled and piled on top of head.REV No legend Venus stg.r.viewed partially from behind,holding helmet and spear and resting on column against which rest shield.Weight 3,30gr RIC 4123 commentsspikbjorn
diademed and draped bust right

No legend - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
RIC 411, C 91, Rome Mint
2 commentsarizonarobin
Justinian I, AE Follis, sear 22064 viewsObverse: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield with horseman motif, cross to right
Reverse: Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right XXII (22) , sometimes on a star or crescent, officina letter below A , mintmark 9HU o over P
Mint: Antioch
Year 548/9 CE
Sear 220a
36mm, 18.59g
Arsaces II64 viewsdrachm, 211 - 191 BC
Sellwood 6.1
1 commentsRobert L3
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina II, Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, AE Sestertius64 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Poland, Sigismund III.,(Vasa), (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, 1/4-AR-Talar-18-Gross, Kopicki 7506, 64 viewsPoland, Sigismund III.,(Vasa), (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, 1/4-AR-Talar-18-Gross, Kopicki 7506,
Avers: SIGIS:III:D:G•REX•POL:M:D:L•R:PR•, Crowned and armored bust in ruffled collar, right; 1-6 flanking.
Revers: ornament-MONETA:CIVIT:GEDANENSIS, Lions supporting city arms (shield on crowned double cross); •25• above.
diameter: 29mm, weight: 6,55g, axis: 0h,
mint mark: , mint: Danzig (Gdansk), date: 1625 A.D.,
ref: Kopicki 7806, HCz 1523, Gumowski ,
Hieron II. AE2764 viewsHieron II. AE27, 269-215 BC, Syracuse.
Obv: diademed head left.
Rev: Horseman riding right on groundline, holding spear, cloak flowing behind, IEPΩNOΣ below; Σ below horse
26-27 mm, 17.52 g

One of my favorite bronzes.
3 commentsPscipio
'Slave money', carnelian64 views25,4x13.60x11.90mm, 7.87g

This so-called 'slave money', part of a chain, was made in the first half of the 19th century in Idar-Oberstein/Germany for London. From London it was shipped to West Africa to buy black slaves.
Spain64 viewsKm766 - 10 centimos - 1941 (Nationalist Government)
Km790 - 10 centimos - 1959
Km651 - 50 centimos - 1870 (3rd Decimal)
Km777 - 50 centimos - 1949
Y27.2 - 1 Real - 1859 (Decimal coinage) (Madrid – 6 pointed star)
Y47.1 - 10 Escudos - 1868 (Madrid) (2nd Decimal coinage) (Fake)
Daniel Friedman
56 BC Faustus Cornelius Sulla 64 viewsLaur. diad. and draped bust of Venus right, sceptre over shoulder SC behind

Three trophies between jub and lituus, monogram FAVSTVS in ex.

RRC 426/3
Sear 386


The three trophies were engraved on the signet ring of Pompey the Great symbolizing his victories on three continents. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla and son-in-law of Pompey the Great.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
Sullis Minerva.jpg
Britain, Bath, Aquae Sulis, Bust of Sullis Minerva64 viewsDisplayed in the Baths.

This is a wonderful gilt bronze head of Sullis Minerva and is probably from the cult statue of the deity which would have stood within her Temple beside the Sacred Spring. Found in A.D. 1727.
SUNGA DYNASTY (185 - 75 B.C.)64 viewsÆ ½ KARSHAPANA
O: Bull, elephant, swastika and staff symbols.
R: Hill, cross and tree symbols.
14 x 15mm
3 commentsMat
Teodosio I, zecca di Antiochia (383-395 d.C.)64 viewsAE4, 11 mmm, 1,28 gr. (383-395 d.C.)
D/ DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, busto perlato-diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Vittoria che avanza a sx, portando un trofeo sulla spalla e trascinando un prigioniero; ANT D (delta) in ex
RIC IX Antiochia 67b
NOTA: identificato sul forum FAC in italiano, presentato dal venditore canadese (ACC, Richmond Hill, Ontario) come imitazione vandala di Valentiniano II
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 giugno 2010, numero catalogo 112), ex dr. Alexander Fishman collection (Ancient Coins, Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada, fino al 2010).
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC 126.jpg
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC V/2 12664 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.73g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate & Cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SALVS AVGG, Salus standing L feeding snake rising from altar, holding anchor.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 126, Common
103 BC Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus64 viewsHead of young Mars left, wearing crested helmet

Q THERM MF (THE and MF in monogram)
Roman soldier advancing right, fighting with uplifted sword a barbarian soldier before him and protecting with shield a fallen comrade at his feet

Rome 103 BC

Sear 197
2 commentsJay GT4
Thessaly, Thessalian League. AR Stater.64 viewsCirca 196-146 BC (6.38g, 21mm, 3h). McClean 4953; BMC Thessaly-; SNG Copenhagen-. Obverse Head of Zeus right, wearing oak wreath; monogram behind. Reverse Athena Itona advancing right, brandishing spear and holding shield; ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑ-ΛΩ[Ν] around field, K-OT-T-Y below. Nicely struck from high relief dies. Attractive style. Excellent metal. Choice EF.

Ex Pars Coins.

After the Roman Republic’s defeat of Macedon at Kynoskephalai in 197 BC, T. Quinctius Flamininus, the victorious general, headed a senatorial commission set up to establish a protectorate in Greece and he pronounced at the Isthmian Games in July of the following year that those Greek areas (including Thessaly) which were formerly under Macedonian control were now free. Flamininus then revived an independent Thessalian League, which was founded in around the year 1000 BC and was later disbanded after Phillip II of Macedon conquered much of the Greek world in the last quarter of the 4th century BC. Under the new League, the coinage comprised solely of silver in three denominations (stater, drachm, and hemidrachm/obol), and could be considered the first truly Thessalian League "federal" coinage. All issues bore the ethnic ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ, along with the responsible magistrates' names, and were likely minted at Larissa, the capital of the League.
1 commentsJason T
Tibère II.jpg
Three-quarter follis of Tiberius II64 viewsMinted in Constantinople in 578-582.
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius64 viewsL. Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.88 g; obv. SABIN, bearded head of King Tatius to right, palm-branch below chin; rev. Rape of the Sabine women, L TITVRI in ex. Crawford 344/1b; Syd. 698a.1 commentsBartosz A
Titus RIC-12964 viewsAR Denarius, 3.21g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 129 (C), BMC 80, RSC 323
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Tripod with fillets; above, dolphin
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, October 2008.

Rarer left facing portrait of the type. The right facing example was probably minted at a ratio of 10:1 compared to the left facing.

Another tough coin to track down. Nicely centered with a better than average portrait.
1 commentsvespasian70
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD64 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
Trajan RIC II, 68664 viewsTrajan AD 98-117
AE - (Orichalcum)-Semis, 2.92g, 18mm
Rome, undated
head laureate, r.
rev. (no legend)
gaming table with vase and wreath
exergue SC
RIC II, 686; C.349 var.
Scarce, VF

2 SEMISSES were worth 1 AS
1 commentsJochen
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33764 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat
Siam, Gambling Token: 1760-1821 AD64 viewsUniversal Peace and Harmony

Gambling tokens were first introduced during the Ayudhya period by Chinese gamblers. They were made from tin or brass between 1760 - 1821 AD. Between 1821-1875 AD, the tokens were made from porcelain. They are found in many different forms and shapes: multi-sided or cirular, flat and with a wide range of designs such as flowers, animals, aquatic animals and Chinese mythological figures. The value of each token was inscribed in Chinese on the reverse side of token. There are more than 5,000 designs. Later, they were used in commercial transactions as well, and became in effect legal tender. In 1875 AD, the government prohibited their use for commercial purposes.
utrecht lion daalder.jpg
UTRECHT - Netherlands Lion Daalder64 viewsUTRECHT - Netherlands AR Lion Daalder, 1680. Rosette mintmark. Obv.: Knight (without helmet plume) over shield with lion. Rev.: Rampant lion left. Reference: KM#72.dpaul7
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1444 var.64 viewsAR Denarius, 2.78g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1444 var., BMC p. 98 note, RSC 127 var., RPC 845 var.
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
30-01 - AELIO (136 - 138 D.C.)64 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "L AELIVS CAESAR" - Cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "TR POT COS II" - Pietas (La Piedad) estante a der. ante un altar, levantando su mano der. y sosteniendo su vestido con izq. "PIETAS" en los campos.

Acuñada 137 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #438 Pag.393 - RSC Vol.II #36 Pag. 163 - BMCRE Vol.II #989 - Cohen Vol.II #36 Pag.261 - DVM #4/2 var. Pag.133 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3971 Pag.199 - St. Vol.I #389 - Hill UCR #840
2 commentsmdelvalle
Vandals anonymous64 viewsObverse: Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Victory advancing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left
Mint : Carthage
Date : 5th Century AD
Reference : Wroth, Coins of the Vandals, Victory type 21-31, Pl. III, 10
Grade : V
Weight : 0.99g
Metal : AE
Acquired: 16/06/06
Comments : Wroth notes that coins showing inscriptions represented by strokes or lozenges are probably indicative of barbarous imitations (possibly the Mauri tribe).
Vespasian denarius Vesta 72 AD64 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII
laureate head right

Vesta standing left holding simpulum and sceptre

Rome 72 AD

Sear 2316, RIC 50, RSC 574

1 commentsJay GT4
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius64 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
Victorin 1.jpg
Victorinus - antoninianus64 views[IMP. C. VI]CTORINVS P.F. AVG
[IN]VICTVS , Sol Invictus advancing left with whip. Star to the left.
RIC 114
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.64 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
GENIO POP ROM - Constantine I64 viewsAE Follis, London, Autumn 307 - Early 310
5.86gm, 25mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

RIC VII.103 (S), ex. Tom Wood, ex. Steve Clayton
Paul DiMarzio
Moesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #0164 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), PM 01-43-01, -/-//AN IIII, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding hare by its hind legs and standard, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: -/-//AN IIII, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 10,83g, axis:1 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-090, PM-1-43-1, Rare!!!, #01
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)64 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria64 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Vrbs Roma - Arles64 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=17mm p=2,27g
1 commentsantvwala
ROMAN EMPIRE, Zeno AE4 474-491 Antioch (ANT)64 viewsObv: ...N...
Rev: Monogram
RIC X 968
GREEK, Sicily, Syracuse, 332-317 BC64 viewsSicily, Syracuse 332–317 BC
Obverse: Short haired Zeus facing right, ZEUS ELYTHEIROS in greek script around.
Reverse: Thunderbolt in the field, eagle to the right, SYRAKOSION in greek script around.

Dated according to N.K. Rutter: Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, page 168.

Ex. A.H. Baldwin collection.

Bronse hemilitron.
W=14,97g; D=24 mm.
1 commentsKjetilK
Julius Caesar63 viewsA (very) small contribution to the Juilius Caesar set contest...

Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
3 commentsPotator II
Julia Domna 63 viewsJulia Domna Denarius
20 mm 3.09 gm
Draped bust of Julia right.
Venus seated left, holding apple and scepter, before her, Cupid standing right, hand on her knee.
3 commentsKoffy
SEVERUS ALEXANDER63 viewsAR denarius. 234 AD. 3.17 gr. Laureate and draped bust right IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG. / Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. P M TR P XIII COS III P P. RIC IV 123. RSC 448
1 commentsbenito
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC63 viewsTetradrachm , 22mm, 16.85g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG, 262, Lot 95
2 commentsrobertpe
Lucilla, Sestertius63 viewsRome mint, circa 164-166 AD
VENVS, Venus standing left, holding an apple and raising drapery from left shoulder, SC in field
24.42 gr
Ref : Cohen # 77, RCV # 5507
Potator II
Constantius II63 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 2, desert patina, mint: Antioch, obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Gamma in left, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, ANBI in ex Antioch 132
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Plautilla, Denarius - bE463 viewsRome mint
PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
CONCORDIA FELIX, Caracalla and Plautilla face to face, shaking hands
3.41 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #7066 var, Cohen #12, RSC # 12, RIC-, BMC -, Hill –

I believe this type should be considered as transitionnal or an hybrid (as is the aA3) associating a 202 reverse type to a 204-205 bust type
1 commentsPotator II
Caracalla of Nikopolis ad Istrum63 viewsCaracalla
Moesia Inferor, Nikopolis as Istrum
AE - / 16mm / -
Ob: obscured legend - Laureate draped bust right
Rv: NIKOΠΟΛΙΤΩΝΠΡΟCIΤΡΟΝ - Basket of fruit with handle
Mint: (198-217 AD)
References: AMNG 1, 1, p417 No. 1609, plate XX 38
Scotvs Capitis
Diadumenian, Denarius63 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Macrinus AE 25 Markianopolis63 viewsMoushmov 527, SNGCop 221
10.5 g, 25 mm
Magistrate Pontianus
AVT K M OPEL MAKPEINOC, laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
VP PONTIANOV MAPKIANOPOLEITWN, Tyche standing left with rudder and cornucopiae
2 commentsMark Z2
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0163 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!63 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1240a (Ant. Pius), Rome, AE-As, PIETAS AVG, Sacrificial implements, Scarce!
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare head right.
revers:- PIETAS-AVG, Sacrificial implements: knife, sprinkler, jug, lituus and simpulum, S-C in exergue.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 27mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:173-74 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1240a (Ant. Pius), p-174, C-485, Sear-1399,
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,63 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0025, Rome, AR-denarius, TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Mars advancing right,
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-VII-IMP-IIII-COS-III-P-P, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h ,
mint: Rome, date: 181-82 A.D., ref: RIC-III-025, p-369, C-821,824,
Carus63 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
RV: Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre /"B" in left field
Ex: -
RIC 13
2 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,63 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- AVT-K-M-AVP-ANTONINOC, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axis: 16,5h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012) p-393
Fausta, AE363 viewsThessalonica mint
FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right
SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing, holding Constantinus II and Constantius II in her arms, SMT[...] at exergue
3.34 gr
Fausta, petit bronze, Ref : Cohen # 15, LRBC # 828, TTB
1 commentsPotator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #163 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
P. Licinius Nerva. 113-112 BC63 viewsP. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius. Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169.1 commentsecoli
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)63 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
Constantius II63 viewsConstantius II AE3. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards between them, RBT in ex.3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Domitian Denarius - Thunderbolt on Table (RIC II 70)63 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 81 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Domitian (R)

Rev: WINGED THUNDERBOLT on Draped "pulvinarium" table.

RIC II 70 RSC 575
3 commentsKained but Able
Greece, 100 Drachmai 1992, KM # 159.63 viewsGreece,
100 Drachmes, brass (29 mm / 10.00 g), 1992,
Obv.: EΛΛHNIKH ΔHMOKPATIA / 1992 - BEPΓINA / 100 / ΔPAXMEΣ , the Vergina sun or star of Vergina.
Rev.: MEΓAΣ AΛEΞANΔPOΣ / BAΣIΛEYΣ MAKEΔONΩN , diademed head of Alexander The Great with horn of Ammon right.
KM # 159.

The Vergina Sun or Star of Vergina is a symbol of a stylised star with sixteen rays. It was found in archaeological excavations in Vergina, in northern Greece, where it was discovered on a golden larnax found in 1977 in the tombs of the kings of the ancient kingdom of Macedon.
The significance of the Vergina Sun is unclear. Archaeologists do not agree whether the sun was a symbol of Macedon, an emblem of Philip's Argead dynasty, a religious symbol, or simply a decorative design.

my ancient coin database
Roman lead seal - Dancing girl63 viewsRoman lead seal “Dancing girl” c. 3rd-4th century AD
Dancing girl, in long chiton, stole draped over right arm, turning around in dance, holding timbrel in each hand.
18x15x10mm; 9.85g; Conical shape; very fine; Ex Münzzentrum 13-01-2010.

The dancing figure on this seal was conjectured by the MZ cataloguer to be Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Moses and Aron, who lead a dance after the Jews crossed the Red Sea (Exodus 15:19-32), but the pose is also typical of dancing nymphs and meanads.
Anthemius AE463 views467-472 AD. Æ 8mm (0.66 g). Rome mint.
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right (weak)
Monogram (2), Chi-Rho above; all within wreath. RIC X 2858.
Brown surfaces, obverse weak with a pit and rough, clear monogram. Housed in an NGC slab where graded Fine, 2/3.
Very Rare (R4)
2 commentsMark Z
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers: Eirene/Pax standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, L-Δ left at foot.
exerg: LΔ/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 6,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., LΔ Year 4., ref: Emmet-3986, Milne 4551, Geissen-3139, Dattari-5530, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.19-p-339,
Uncertain letter(s) and B63 viewsTHRACE. Topirus. Julia Domna. Æ 22. A.D. 193-217. Obv: (...)IOV-ΛIAΔOMN.Draped bust right; Countermark behind. Rev: OVΛΠIAC-TOΠIPOC. Artemis moving right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; dog at her feet. Ref: BMC -; Axis: 210°. Weight: 8.50 g. CM: Uncertain letter(s) and B, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
Maximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD 63 viewsMaximianus, Egypt Alexandria, Potin Tetradrachm, 286-287 AD
Obverse: AK MAOVA MAXIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: LB, Elpis standing left holding flower
Emmett 4114
19mm, 8.1gm
Antonivs Protti
Septimius Severus (?), head right63 viewsBITHYNIA. Nikomedia. Faustina Jr. Æ 26. A.D. 145-176. Obv: ΦAVCTEI-NACEBACTH. Draped bust right. Rev: NEIKOMHΔIAC-(NEΩKOPOV?). Kybele enthroned left, right hand extended, holding object (?), resting left arm on drum (?); Countermark to upper left. Ref: BMC -; SNG Aul 765. Axis: 30°. Weight: 9.20 g. CM: Laureate head of emperor right, in circular punch, 6.5 mm. Howgego - (possibly 67?). Note: Howgego suggests that group 67 depicts Caracalla. The countermark on this specimen, though, bears a strong resemblance to Septimius Severus. Collection Automan.Automan
K in circle63 viewsPAMPHYLIA. Perga. Philip Sr. (?). Æ 22. A.D. 244-249. Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (ΠE)PΓA-IΩN. Vulcan seated right, holding hammer in left hand. Ref: BMC -. Axis: 360°. Weight: 4.70 g. CM: K in circle, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego 672 (8 pcs). Note: This specimen is on the small side for group 672, the specimens recorded by Howgego ranging from 23-32 mm and 6.98-21.43 grams. It is impossible to decide where the countermark was applied, although the specimens recorded by Howgego were originally minted in Phrygia, Pamphylia, Cilicia and Pisidia. Collection Automan.Automan
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I Thrax, AE Sestertius, RIC 6763 viewsSesterce, Maximin 1er, 235-236 (Bronze) C.100 - RIC.67 - BMC/RE.27
Avers : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Maximin Ier à droite vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2) ; portrait B. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG.
Revers : Victoria (la Victoire), drapée et ailée, allant à droite, brandissant une couronne de la main droite et tenant une palme de la main gauche. VICTO-RI-A AVG SC.
2 commentsbgaut
Poland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630.63 viewsPoland. Elbing. Swedish occupation under Sigismund III 1587 - 1632. Silver 1/24 thaler 1630. Crowned arms and titles / Orb with value in center divides date (16)3-0.

KM 11
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.63 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him £15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
Female bust right (with kalathos?)63 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Bostra. Commodus. Æ 19. A.D. 166-177 (as Caesar). Obv: (ΛAYPKOM)KA-ICAYTVIOΓEP. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Countermark on shoulder. Rev: (NETPA)-IABOC(T). Bust of Athena (Tyche?) right, wearing crested helmet. Ref: Spijkerman 26(obv)/27(rev). Axis: 330°. Weight: 6.31 g. Note: This combination of obv. and rev. inscpriptions was not known to Spijkerman. CM: Female (?) bust wearing Kalathos (or similar), in oval punch, 5 x 7 mm. Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
18263 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars stg right, leaning on shield, spear in hand
London mint
RIC 182
2012 Highlights63 views A few favorites from 2012

1: Lucania, Metapontum didrachm, c. 350 - 330 BC

2: Julius Caesar denarius, 44 BC

3: Publius Fonteius P.f. Capito denarius, c. 55 - 54 BC

4: Tiberius, denarius, 15 - 16 AD

5: Titus, Antioch denarius, 72 - 73 AD

6: Asia Minor, Carian Islands drachm, c. 88 - 84 BC

7: Tiberius, Olba, Cilicia Æ 24, c. 14 - 16 AD

8: Caius Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC

9: Severus Alexander denarius, 231 AD

10: Maximinus I, Alexandria tetradrachm, 235 - 236 AD
4 commentsSPQR Coins
Roman Empire, Gordian III AR Antoninianus.63 views Rome, AD 241-243. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right / IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing right with sceptre and thunderbolt. RIC 84,RSC 109.Ruslan K
Thrace-Thasos; 412-404 BC63 viewsAR-Trihemiobol
Obv: Satyr,seen from behind,kneeling on left,looking right,over his shoulder,
holding kantharos in right,left on hip.
Rev: Amphora, on either side, ΘΑΣ on left, ΙΩΝ on right.
Size: 12mm;0.82gms
Ref: BMC Tauric Chersonese,Thrace,vol.3,Pg.221,No.58
SNG Copenhagen 1031
Sear I-1755var.
Nice in hand, lousy photo!
1 commentsBrian L
Vespasian RIC-68563 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 74 AD
RIC 685 (R), BMC p. 27*, RSC 386
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
Bithynia, Nicaea, Gordian III63 viewsObv.: M ANT GOPDIANOC AVG; draped and radiate bust right
Rev.: N /I /K /A /I /EWN; four military standards, two capricorns above
4.2 gm; 16 mm.

Zwicker Z1073; cf Rec Gen 711; Mionnet S. 870.
2 commentsSkySoldier
Adaios; Apollo/ tripod63 viewsThracian Kingdom. Adaios. Ca. 275-225 B.C. Æ 26mm (10.76 g, 9 h). Laureate head of Apollo right / Tripod; to left, AE monogram above S. Peter p. 237; SNG BM 324-5 var. (upper monogram); SNG Stancomb 296 var. (same). VF, green and red patina. Ex Frank L. Kovacs (Vauctions)Podiceps
agathokles63 viewsAgathokles, Syracuse, 317-289 BC, Bronze.
Obverse- SWTEIRA, head of Artemis right, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace, quiver over shoulder.
Reverse- AGAQOKLEOS above, ASILEOS below; winged thunderbolt.
23mm, 10.2 grams.
3 commentsb70
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)63 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Agrippa S C.jpg
Agrippa- Anepigraphic63 viewsAgrippa – 63- 12 BC, Military commander and friend of Augustus


Head left wearing a rostral crown.

M.(Marcus) AGRIPPA L.F. (Lucius Filius = son of Lucius) COS. III (Consul for the third time.)

L.F: Lucius Filius = son of Lucius
COS. III: Consul for the third time

Agrippa he wears a crown on his head which is decorated by prows of (war)ships, a so-called 'rostral crown' probably given to him to honour him as a fleetcommander during the battle of Actium, the decisiove battle in which Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra.


S—C, Senatus Consulto

The reverse is 'anepigraphic' without text, apart from S.C. (Senatus Consulto = by approval of the Senate) Neptune holds a trident and has a dolphin on his outstretched hand. Neptune too is a reference to the sea and Agrippa's nautical carreer.

Domination: AS, Copper, 29 mm

Mint: Rome. This AS of Agrippa is struck under Caligula.

63 - 12 BC
Roman General
Agrippa was the companion of Octavian by the time Caesar was murdered in 44 BC. Agrippa was Octavian's most brilliant military commander. He defeated Pompeius in two naval battles and was responsible for for Octavian's victory over Mark Antony. When Octavian became emperor under the name Augustus Agrippa was second only to the emperor in authority. He suppressed rebellions, founded colonies and built an extensive road-network throughout the Roman empire.
John Schou
Sicily. Akragas. Ca. 338-287 B.C.63 viewsÆ 18 mm. Laureate head of Zeus left. Rv. Eagle standing left, clutching hare which it is about to devour; above tail feathers, Δ. ancientone
Roman Empire, Clodius Albinus, AE as, RIC 61a, rare non-divided ALBIN. - Obverse63 viewsThe coin pictured is known by one other example, a coin sold by Sotheby's. The non-divided ALBIN on the obverse is one out of the 9 known dies for this series. The coin is published in Curtis Clay's Oxford thesis.Ryan C
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm63 viewsSardes mint (334-323 BC).
Price 2578
3 commentsMinos
Troas, Alexandreia, civic issue, Bellinger A49063 viewsTroas, Alexandria, time of Gallienus, AD 253-268
AE 24, 5.12g
obv. ALEX - TRO
Bust of city-goddess (Tyche), draped and turreted, r., behind vexillum inscribed
rev. CO - L - AVG - TRO
Eagle, with raised wings, flying r., holding in his talons forehead of bull
Bellinger A490 (type 47); SNG Copenhagen 114; BMC 53-56
EF, superb specimen

The depiction is referring to the founder myth of Alexandria: The eagle carrying a bull's head which is a common occurence from now [Commodus Caesar] on, must refer to a foundation legend, like that told of Antioch on the Orontes, of an eagle carrying part of a sacrificial animal to a spot where the new city was destined to raise (Bellinger).
5 commentsJochen
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,63 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,
avers:- AVT-K-KΛAVΔIOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LA, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding rudder in right hand.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #0163 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-161, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crescent between two heads with their back to each other, tower between two dots above, Hebrew letter (???) below; line border.
revers: Leopard advancing left, tree above, rosette to left, Hebrew letter (teth) to right, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-161, CHN-1-227, Huszar-267,
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)63 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeño módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuñando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuñada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AR denarius, Victoria reverse63 viewsOptimus
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 63 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 63 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius - RIC 58363 viewsÆ Sestertius (25,9g, Ø 32mm, 6h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: MAVRETANIA around, COS II in ex., S | C, Mauretania, bare-headed, standing l, in short tunic, holding crown and sceptre (normally a spear).
RIC 583 (R2); BMCRE 1190 note; Cohen 551 (40 fr.); Strack 789; Banti 235 (this specimen illustrated).
Ex Mike R. Vosper, October 2015; ex Vinchon sale, 1973.
3 commentsCharles S
137-161 AD - Antoninus Pius - RIC III 969 var - TR POT XX COS IIII S C63 viewsEmperor: Antoninus Pius (r. 137-161 AD)
Date: 156-157 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Dupondis

Emperor Antoninus Pius Father of the Country Second Imperatorial Acclamation
Bust left; radiate

Tribune Twentieth Term Consul Fourth Term; Minted by Senatorial Decree
Annona standing right, foot on prow, holding rudder on globe and modius.

Rome mint
Strack, Antoninus Pius 1128; var. RIC III 969
11.63g; 24.6mm; 15°
Apollonia Pontika63 views400 BC BMC 150-12 commentsGhengis_Jon
Arados Tetradrachm63 viewsArados --AR Tetradrachm. 15.26g. 26mm. Dated 91/0 B.C. Draped and turreted bust of Tyche r. Rv. Nike standing l. holding aplustre and palm. BMC 224. 1 commentsfeatherz
SPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I63 viewsSPAIN - Johanna "The Mad" & Carlos I, (1506-1516), copper dinero (type 2, with gothic lettering) struck in Zaragoza.
Thanks to Manzikert for attribution!

Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti63 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
Magnia Urbica Ticinum63 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)63 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuñación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuñada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
63 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS-ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var,
Bactrian Kingdom, Apollodotos I, 174 - 160 B.C.63 viewsSilver square drachm; (Bop.4a, Mitchner 207f, SNG ANS 303); 165 -160 B.C. Weight 2.3 g., Max side measurment 16.57 mm., Obv. ΣΩTHPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ around, Elephant stg. r., AV monogram below; Rev. Karosthi legend around, Zebu bull stg. r., A below;. Toned with light encrustation. 4 commentsSteve E
BOUILLON & SEDAN63 viewsBOUILLON & SEDAN -- Henri de la Tour - (1591-1623) -- Copper 2 Liards, 1613. Obv.: Bust right, date below. rev: Crowned arms. Reference: KM #12.1dpaul7
I5. Judaea, Procurator Issue63 viewsObv: ΝΕΡW ΚΛΑV KAICAP
Two oblong shields and two spears, crossed.
Six branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates.
Prutah 1.6 gm 16.5 mm 54 AD Sear (GIC) 5626 Hendrin 562
Comment: Struck by Antoninus Felix, Procurator of Judaea in the 14th year of the reign of Emperor Claudius and honors the heirs apparent i.e. Nero on the obverse and Brittanicus on the reverse.
BYZ D 1.jpg
Justinian I63 viewsAE follis. Justinian the Great , Carthage Mint, D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG Facing, cuirassed bust, cross to right, holding globe with cross. / Large M, ANNO XIIII at sides, + above, S below, CAR in exergue.
Sear 261

1 commentsTanit
Constantine63 viewsConstantine I. AE (21mm) Follis. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG laureate cuirassed bust right/ GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, head turreted/towered?, loins draped, holding patera & cornucopiae.
RS in ex

RIC VI Rom 294a
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Caracalla - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST63 viewsObv:- M AVREL ANTONINVS CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

Caracalla, Pautalia. Serpent AE2963 viewsCaracalla
Æ29 (4 Assaria).
Obv: AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC, laureate bust right
Rev: OVΛΠIAC ΠAVTAΛIAC, Serpent coiled upward, head right.
Moushmov 4260
ex AAH

'Nice dark patina on one of my all-time favorite Caracalla types. It's just a nice type - & this is a decent example. Mine can be seen also in my Gallery * Caracalla & Agathedaemon Serpent ... '
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 63 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above, curved rectangle below,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 2,14g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Cyzico 91G.jpg
A121B-05 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla63 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "VRBS ROMA" - Busto de Roma vistiendo yelmo coronado y con penacho de pluma y manto imperial, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Loba madre parada a izquierda dando de mamar a Romulo y Remo, a quienes mira. Dos estrellas sobre la loba. "SMKΓ" en exergo.

Acuñada 331 - 333/4 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzico (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Cyzicus) #91 Pag.656 - Cohen Vol.VII #17 Pag.330 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8305.k. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3894
Chedworth Baths Cold room.jpg
Britain, Chedworth Villa, 10, Bath complex, Cold room 63 viewsChedworth Roman Villa, Yanworth, nr Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Gread Britain

One of the largest Roman villa sites found in the UK. Found and initially excavated by the Victorians. Still being excavated today
Qianlong (1736 - 1795)63 views(or CH'IEN-LUNG)
Daniel F
Anonymous Class H, time of Michael VII63 viewsAnonymous Class H, time of Michael VII
AE Follis
Ob: Nimbate bust of Christ facing, raising right hand in benediction
Rv: Patriarchal cross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornament in lower field
Minted 1071-1078 AD
7.30g / 24mm
Ref: Sear 1880
Scotvs Capitis
Antoninus Pius As. RIC 880v.63 viewsRIC 880v. Antoninus Pius As.150-151 AD. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. / TR POT XIIII COS IIII S-C, ANNONA AVG in ex, Annona seated left, holding corn-ears over modius, and cornucopiae. This bust type is not listed in RIC or Strack for Annona reverse, but is known to be in use at the time of mintage. (Per Curtis Clay) Very rare coin.
WW example coin.
Coin #147
1 commentscars100
Julia Domna, Istros63 viewsJulia Domna,
Æ 22-25.5mm; 9.78g; MOESIA INFERIOR, Istros

draped bust right

sea-eagle perched on the dolphin, both to left

Moushmov 172
1 commentsarizonarobin
Colombia63 viewsKm212.2 - 10 Centavos - 1956
Km226 - 10 Centavos - 1967
Km215.1 - 20 Centavos - 1956
Km246.1 - 20 Centavos - 1971
Km281.1 - 10 Pesos - 1989
Km282.1 - 20 Pesos - 1991
Km272 - 50 Pesos - 1989
Km283.2 - 50 Pesos - 2003
Daniel F
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 63 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuñada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE63 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
Constantine I IOVI CONSERVATOI AVGG NN RIC VI Siscia 23463 viewsFollis, 20x22mm, 3.56g.

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI CON-SERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupier standing L with victory and sceptre, eagle with wreath at his feet. A in R. field.

Exe: SIS (Siscia, Officina 1).

RIC VI 234, early 313, C.
Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus63 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.63 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
Before and after Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ63 views Marcus Aurelius. AD 161-180. Æ20
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Apollo standing left, leaning on tripod, extending right hand towards serpent.
1 commentsMaritima
Laureated, draped and cuirassed bust left
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 216 r2
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 124.jpg
Crispus VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII 12463 viewsAE3, 18mm, 3.69g.

Obverse: C-RISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate and Cuirassed bust L, with spear and shield.

Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard with VOT/XX, bound captive on either side.

Exe: P*T (Ticinum)

RIC VII 124, 319-20, R4.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Domitian RIC-42763 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome mint, 86 AD
RIC 427 (R), BMC p. 318 note, RSC 186
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
Acquired from MNS, May 2014.

This denarius from the first issue of 86 recording Domitian's 11th imperial acclamation from the previous Autumn, due to the First Dacian War, can be somewhat closely dated between 1 January and the Spring (he received his 12th imperial acclamation between 17 March and 13 May). Later in 86 Domitian personally conducted the Second Dacian War due to severe reverses when two legates were lost in succession. This was the year the denarius coinage settled down into a consistent pattern which would be repeated year after year for the rest of the reign - an unadorned portrait on the obverse with the four standard Minerva types dominating the reverse. There would be exceptions to this of course, but they would be few and far between.

Stylistically the coin is pleasing, similar to those from 85. Hints of rainbow toning can be detected in hand as well.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-50963 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C), BMC 106, RSC 215a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, December, 2013.

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
14 - 16 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.) 63 viewsAR Denario 3,07 gr.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS - Júpiter sentado hacia la izq., portando trueno en mano derecha y largo cetro vertical en der..

Esta emisión se realiza para agradecerle a Júpiter El Guardian (CVSTOS), el haber actuado para salvarlo de la famosa Conspiración Pisoniana , según Nerón únicamente la intervención divina de Éste pudo evitar su muerte, nombrándolo de aquí en adelante como protector del Imperio Romano.
La Conspiración Pisoniana: Luego del incendio del centro de Roma acaecido en el 64 D.C., recordemos la imagen de Nerón tocando la lira mientras se quemaba Roma, Nerón comienza la construcción en el sector quemado del Domus Aurea o Casa Dorada, nombre recibido por los azulejos dorados en su fachada; Este y otros excesos del Emperador hacen que se forme una conspiración para derrocarlo y colocar en su lugar a Gaius Calpurnius Piso / Cayo Calpurnio Pisón, político perteneciente a una noble familia romana, contando con el apoyo de senadores y personajes cercanos al Emperador como Petronio, Lucano, Séneca, y Faenio Rufo, comandante de la Guardia Pretoriana. Cuando la conspiración fue descubierta Cayo Calpurnio Pisón optó por quitarse la vida. Esta Conspiración había sido preparada para el 19 de abril de 65 d. C., en el templo del dios Sol (vecino al Circo Máximo). El arma homicida había sido escondida en el templo de Ceres y el autor era un hombre de la clase de los senadores llamado Escevino, la conspiración fracasa cuando un esclavo de este último le cuenta al Emperador de las intenciones de su amo.

Acuñada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R

Referencias: RIC I # 69 Pag.154 - Cohen I #122 Pag.200 - DVM #8 Pag.85 - BMC #80
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)63 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Españoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Españas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuñada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
diadumenian_ byblos_rouvier699.jpg
Phoenicia, Byblos, Diadumenian, Rouvier 69963 viewsDiadumenian, Caesar, mid May 218 - 8. June 218
AE 24, 10.81g
bare head, bust, cuirassed, r.
rev. BYB - LOY / IERAC (in exergue)
distyle temple, covered by an arch decorated by shell-like swags, in which Astarte is standing r., with polos on head, spear in r. hand and foot on prow, crowned with wreath by Nike, standing on column r. before her.
BMC 40-43; Rouvier 699
scarce, about VF(?)
added to

ASTARTE, a major Northwest-Semitic goddess, was cognate with the East-Semitic goddess Ishtar. She was connected with fertility, sexuality and war. She was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite. Cyprus, one of Aphrodite's main cult centers supplied the name Cypris as Aphrodite's most common byname.

BYBLOS , one of her important cult centers and therefore called 'the Holy Byblos', in ancient times was the most important port of export for Egyptian papyros to Greece. Therefore Greek biblos = book, and The Holy Bible!

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
2 commentsJochen
Didius Julianus Sestertius63 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
2 commentsTanit
Tyre - attic didrachm63 viewsTyre. Uzzimilk (?) 357-333 BC. Attic didrachm, 8.67g.
Obv: Bearded god (Melqarth?) riding winged hippocamp to right, holding
bow. Beneath, waves. Guilloche border.
Rx: Owl standing to right, head facing, with crook and flail. In right field,
Phoenician numerals. Guilloche border.
domitian RIC121.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88-89 AD63 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS (laureate head right)
rev: Minerva advancing right, aiming javelin and holding shield, COSX IIII across fields
ref: RIC II 121 (S), BMC 141, C.67 (6frcs)
3.17gms, 19mm
mint: Rome

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88-89 AD.
Domitian RIC-10063 viewsAR Denarius, 3.18g
Rome mint, 82 AD
RIC 100 (C), BMC 27, RSC 596
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P; Seat. draped; above, semicircular frame decorated with three crescents
Acquired from Lanz, eBay, 23 March 2012.

A denarius which is part of the first precious metal issue of 82 minted at Rome and the last before the increased fineness of the denarii later that same year. The reverse is a carry over pulvinar type from Titus' reign. This is the last time this type was minted by Domitian before the overhaul of the mint.

A decent coin in good metal.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
EUBOEA, Histiaea. Circa 196-146 BC63 viewsAR Tetrobol
Obverse: Head of nymph Histiaea right
Reverse: ISTI-AIEON, nymph seated right on prow; wing on galley
1.4 g, 13 mm

exNumismatic Lanz.
1 commentsCGPCGP
Argolis, Argos, 440s, 430s-420s BC63 viewsTriobol. Forepart of wolf at bay to left, both legs extended forward and with head held level. Sigma O below neck.
Rev. A within shallow incuse square, containing square incuses on the upper part, pellet below cross bar. BMC 14, BCD 1030. Very rare.
Vespasian AE As 76 AD63 viewsIMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII, laureate bust right
Spes standing left holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
RIC 583a
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. 0.4gms. 9mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
3 commentsDino
D Junius Brutus Albinus Denarius 48 B.C.63 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 427, Sydenham 942, Crawford 450/2, RSC I Postumia 10, VF, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse head of Pietas right, hair in a bun, cruciform earring and pearl necklace, PIETAS behind; reverse clasped hands holding winged caduceus, ALBINVS·BRVTI·F below; Lovely dark toning with iridescent blue highlights.

Ex Hess / Divo 314
Ex Moneta Nova
Not the famous Brutus but still one of the assasins of Caesar.
1 commentsPhiloromaos
Elagabalus AE from Nikopolis63 viewsObv: AVT M AVP ANTONINOC AVG - Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: ...NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITEW... - Triptolemos riding right in biga of winged serpents.
Mint: Nikopolis
Ref: Moushmov 1446
Notes: Rare
5 commentsoa
Elagabalus, Nikopolis, Concordia, Æ2763 viewsgovernor Novius Rufus
MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Elagabalus. 218-222 AD.
Æ 27mm (13.04 g).
obv: AVT K M AVPN - ANTONEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: VΠ NOBIOV ROVΦO - V NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO, CIC TP - ON in field, Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
AMNG 1968; SNG Budapest -. Near VF, dark brown patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
FA027139-0100110-I444. Constantine I AE Follis. Treveri Mint. Marti Conservatori.63 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; bust B; laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTI CONSERVATORI; Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars left, carrying spear and shield.
Mint marks:
24.0mm; 2.7g; 0 deg.
Minted 310-313 AD.
Unlisted in RIC.
L. Farsuleius Mensor, Crawford 392/1b63 viewsL. Farsuleius Mensor, gens Farsuleia
AR - denar, 18 mm, 3.96 gm.
Rome 75 BC
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Libertas r., wearing ear-rings and necklace.
S C and pileus behind
MENSOR before
rev. Armed and helmeted warrior, holding spear, takes togated person into his
biga, driving r.
CXV under horses
L. FARSVLEI in exergue.
Crawford 392/1b; Sydenham 789; Farsuleia 2
about VF, obv. slightly excentric
ex Lakeview coll.

The reverse depiction is heavily propagandistic. It could be related to the 'Lex Iulia de civitate sociis dandi', introduced by the consul L. Caesar (not Julius Caesar!) in 90 BC and offering Roman citizenship to all citizens of Italian municipia who had not raised arms against Rome in the Italian War (Social War).

Another possibilitiy is that it is related to to the recruitment of military troops needed for the wars in Spain (against Sertorius) and against Mithradates in Asia.

In the 1st case it is Roma taking the Roman allies in her biga, in the other case it could be Mars taking the Roman citizens in his war chariot.
2 commentsJochen
Faustina Junior, Altar63 viewsAR Denarius

Draped bust right

unadorned large altar

RIC 746
2 commentsarizonarobin
Faustina 63 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,63 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Early Crossbow fibula63 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #163 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue,, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
gabriel bathory.jpg
TRANSYLVANIA - Gabriel Bathory63 viewsTransylvania - Prince Gabriel Bathori, Prince of Transylvania (1608-13), Voivode of Wallachia (1611).
Minted in Baia Mare/ Nagybánya; mintmark NB, silver groschen, 1612. Eagle with Bathory coat of arms;
Prince's Crown. KM #72.
gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 16363 viewsAE17-22mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: APOLLINI CONS AVG. Centaur walking right , drawing back on bow
EX :: not visible
RIC V-1, Rome 163
Purchased 08/2008

2 commentsJohnny
238-244 AD - Gordian III - Jupiter Sestertius63 viewsIMPGORDIANVSPIVSFELAVG - Laureate, draped and curaissed bust right
IOVISTATORI SC - naked Jupiter standing, head right, holding thunderbolt and scepter

Rome mint, ric 298, 23.8 gms 28-32 mm
GORDIAN III AR antoninianus - struck in the begining 241 (?) AD63 viewsobv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: LIBERALITAS AVG IIII (Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopia)
ref: RIC IViii 137, C.147
mint: Rome
2.74gms, 22mm
Special issue: 2nd consulate (?)
Gordian III denarius63 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
laureate bust right

Diana standing right holding lighted torch in both hands

241-2 AD


Sear 8673, RIC 127, RSC 69

Special issue for marriage of Gordian III and Sabinia Tranquillina
2 commentsJay GT4
GOSLAR63 viewsGOSLAR - 1749 1 Leichter (light) Pfennig. Cu. Obv.: Radiate madonna, GOSLAR below. Rev.: *1*/LEICHTER/PFENNIG/1749dpaul7
63 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 4,71g, axes:7 h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Hadrian Alexandria.jpg
Hadrian - Alexandria - Serapis and Cerberus63 viewsAE26 Billon Tetradrachm, 13.55 g, 26 mm, 12 h, 125-126 AD

Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: L-ΔE-KATOV
Serapis standing facing right, left hand holding long sceptre; Cerberus before

Alexandria mint

Koln 914, Milne 1145, Emmett 891
2 commentsdrjbca
hadrian63 viewsBronze obol, BMC 839-840, SNG Cop 330, aVF, 5.20g, 24.5mm, 0o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI T-PAIA ADPRIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse LENDE-KATOV (= regnal year 11 = 126/127 A.D.), Uraeus (cobra) erect, head right, crowned with horns and disc, enfolds stalk of grain and sistrum (musical rattle); rare2 commentssalem
Hadrian Denarius63 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian RIC II, 15763 viewsHadrian 117 - 138
AR - Denar, 3.20g, 18mm
AD 125 - 128
bust with drapery on l. shoulder, laureate head r.
rev. COS III
Neptun standing l., cloak over r. thigh, r. foot on prora, holding
trident in l. hand, leaning with r. ellbow on r. knee and
holding dolphin in r. hand
RIC II, 157 var; C.710
added to

var. because normally Neptun is holding sceptre in l. hand!
1 commentsJochen
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD63 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
1837 Hard Times Token63 views1837 Hard Times Token, Obv: Man emerging from chest, holding bag of loot and sword, I TAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY in field around border; Rev: Mule with VETO below, ROMAN FIRMNESS above, THE CONSTITUTION AS I UNDERSTAND IT in field around border, Very Fine.Molinari
Hieron II63 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Hieron II, 275-215 BC, AE 26 Litra.
Obverse- Diademed head of Hieron II left.
Reverse- Horseman prancing right, holding spear. Monogram in lower right field. In exergue: IEPONOS.
Sear 1222 var; SNG ANS 924, 26mm, 16.5g.
GREEK63 viewsAR tetrobol. Histiaia (Euboia) c. 196-146 BC. 2,41 grs. Head of the nymph Histaia right wearing earring s and necklace / Nymph seated right on stern of galley. Star before foot . IΣTIAIEΩN.
BCD -. SNG Copenhagen -.
1 commentsbenito
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire63 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,63 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,
avers:- C-VALENS-HOSTIL-MES-QVINTVS-N-C, radiate, draped bust right,
revers:- PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS, Hostilian standing left, holding spear & standard.
exe: ,diameter: 20 mm, weight: 3,56 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-181d , p-144 ,C-34, Scarce,
Huszár 400, Unger 310, Réthy I 35063 viewsHungary. Anonymous Vienna denar (possibly Ladislaus IV (László, in Hun.) (1272-1290), per Unger; or Béla IV (1235-1270), per Rádóczy and Nagy). AR denar, 13-14 mm.

Obv: Agnus Dei facing left with cross-banner.

Rev: Hebrew letter ט (tet) in floral wreath.

Huszár wrote that “t cannot be determined under which ruler th[is] w[as] minted” (Huszár 1977). However, Rádóczy and Nagy determined that coins bearing the Hebrew letter ט (tet) were issued by Teka, who was a kammergraf in 1232 under András II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and 1235-1245 under Béla IV (1235-1270 (per Friedenberg; also per Pohl). They attributed it to Béla IV (per Friedenberg).

“[F]oreign influence spread to contemporary Hungarian coinage from the Vienna denars, a collective term applied to the coins issued by Austrian princes beginning with the end of the 12th century through various mints. Such coins appeared as commercial currency in large quantities all over Hungary in the course of the 13th century . . . [T]he types virtually vied vied with the fantastic animal shapes of contemporary sculpture . . . Of these motifs, that of the Agnus Dei enjoyed particular favour in contemporary Romanesque sculpture.” (Huszár (1963) at 12).

Huszár rarity rating R1.
Huszár 495, Pohl 52-10, Unger 393i, Réthy II 1863 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: REGIS • KAROLI, Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, m-m to left and right.

Issued in 1338 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) with a nominal weight of 0.6687 g. (per Pohl). This privy mark was issued in Felsőbánya, known as Mons Medium in the Middle Ages (now Baia-Sprie, Romania) by Martinus (Forsinych?) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A163 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .45 g., 15-16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • V]NGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets at sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0263 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
ACHAIA, Aigieon. 37-31 BC.63 viewsAE hexachalkon (5.67 g)
Theoxios and Kletaios, magistrates.
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Zeus standing right, holding eagle on outstretched arm and preparing to cast thunderbolt; ΘEOΞIOΣ KΛHTAIOΣ around. Kroll, Bronze 2; BCD Peloponnesos 436.

Located along the northern coast of the Peloponnesos, Achaia was a narrow territory between Sicyon and Elis. One theory suggests that Achaia’s original inhabitants were driven to the area from Achaia Phthoitis, which itself was located across the Gulf of Corinth in southern Thessaly. A number of prehistoric and Mycenaean ruins in the western part of the Achaia indicate that the district was long inhabited, even into remote antiquity. Twelve city-states were located there: Aigai, Aigira, Aigion, Bura, Dyme, Helike, Olenos, Patrai, Pherai, Pelene, Rhypes, and Tritaia. Achaian colonies were established in Magna Graecia at Kroton, Kaulonia, Metapontion, and Sybaris. From the mid-5th century onward, much of the history of Achaia is interconnected with the Achaian League.
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/563 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
Thrace, Thasos. 411-350 BC.63 viewsAR Tritemorion. .4gms. 8mm.

Obv: Head of bald & bearded Satyr right

Rev: Q A S I, two dolphins swimming left & right, one above the other. BMC 60. SNGCop 1033.
1 commentsDino
VRBS Roma (330-335 A.D.)63 viewsAv.: VRBS ROMA
Rv.: She-wolf with Romulus and Remus
Ex.: TRP

AE Follis Ø17-19 / 2.7g
RIC VII 561 Trier
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain63 viewsCorrect units of measurementJohn Schou
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #0163 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +REX•BELA•QVARTVS, Agnus Dei in circle of dots advancing left with cross, border of dots.
revers: •VNGA•-RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and sceptre, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-213_CNH-1-229_Huszar-294,
Kingdom of Jerusalem63 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem -- Imitation of Ayyubids of Damascus. Al-Salih Ismail, 1237, 1240-45 AD. AR Dirham. 1.8 gm. 20 mm.dpaul7
Tye 21.2, Deyell 5263 viewsShahis [?] (ca. 900-1,200 A.D.). AR jital, possibly minted unofficially, north of the Shahi realm, 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Devah followed by two vertical pellets, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Scarce.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
2 commentsStkp
judaea_hyrcanusI_Hendin 455cf.jpg
Judaea, Johannes Hyrcanus I, TJC B1363 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan), 135-104 BC
AE - Prutah, 14.53mm, 2.17g, 0°
struck in Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines within laurel wreath:
יהוחנן / הכהןהג / דלוחברה / יהדי / מ
from r. to l.:
YHW(Ch)NN / H KHN H G / DL W (Ch)BR H / YHDY / M
= Yehochanan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehochanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double cornucopiae, coming from a floral base, filled with fruits and a grain-ear each, decorated with ribbons hanging down, a pomegranate with long stalk between horns, in dotted circle
ref. Hendin cf. 455/7; AJC Na29; TJC B13
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #163 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFF-P,
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,67g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
Julian II 'The Philosopher' (as Augustus)63 views361-363 AD
AE3 (19.8mm, 3.12g)
O: Diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding shield and spear; DN FL CL JVLIANVS AVG.
R: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; NIK[A] below.
Nicomedia mint, officina A.
RIC VIII Nicomedia, 123; ERIC II Julian 422; Elmer 132; Sear 4074v
Some smoothing, re-patinated.
ex Nemesis Ancients

"The end and aim of the Cynic philosophy, as indeed of every philosophy, is happiness, but happiness that consists in living according to nature, and not according to the opinions of the multitude. "
~ Julian
3 commentsEnodia
Julia Domna - RIC 57763 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171863 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
Turkey, Kaunos - the Theatre63 viewsA nicely proportioned theatre of the Greek type, with 34 rows of seats (18 below the diazoma and 16 above). The two arched entrances are original. Abu Galyon
Late-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE63 viewsLate-Roman AE-3-Follis, INCUSE
exergo: SMNK ??
diameter: 19mm
weight: 2,11g
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Thessalonica63 viewsObv: Christ Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Wearing Loros, Holding Scepter and Globus Cruciger
Large Module
Sear 2055
licinius I iovi com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Alexandria 2863 viewsAE 19 mm 2.9 grams 321-324 AD
OBV :: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed busr right
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI . Jupiter standing left holding eagle tipped scepter and Victory on globe , Chalmy across left shoulder, leaning on eagle-tipped sceptre. Eagle with wreath left, captive right. X over II Mu in right field
EX :: SMALA (Alexandria )
RIC VII Alexandria 28
RIC rated R1
from uncleaned lot 09/2007
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!63 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
1 commentsquadrans
132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #263 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//ε SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//ε SIS •, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: a?,
Licinius * Jupiter, Æ Follis - 313-315 AD.63 views
Licinius * Jupiter, Bronze Follis

Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG * Laureate head right facing
Rev: IOVI CON - SERVATORI * Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, and scepter in his left hand, with an Eagle holding a wreath in beak at his feet, to the right, Monogram A in the right field.

Exergue: SIS

Mint: Siscia
Struck: 313-315 AD.

Size: 21 mm.
Weight: 3.83 grams
Die axis: 0 degs.

Condition: Beautiful. Dark patina and great clarity in all. Much nicer in hand than the image shows.

The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, 8
(RIC 8)

Licinius I SECURITAS London mint63 viewsIMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureated and cuirassed bust right

Securitas standing left, leaning on short column, right hand on head; *//PLN

RIC VI 275;
4,24g -- 22,5mm
6 commentsgb29400
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c.var., #0163 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432-c.-var., #01
avers:- + mOnETA-LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
revers:- +REGIS-hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (P--), border of dots.
exe, mint mark: P/-//-- This mint mark was struck by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,42g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1375 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432-c-var., CNH-2-089A, Huszar-547, Pohl-89-08-var,
Lucius Verus denarius Pax.jpg
Lucius Verus, AR denarius63 views1 commentsOptimus
L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio - Calpurnia-5a63 viewsRoman Republic. L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus & Q. Servilius Caepio. 100 B.C. AR Denarius. (3.922 grams 17mm). Obverse: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, harpa; around, PISO. CAEPIO. Q. Reverse: Two male figures (Quaestors) seated on bench (subsellium) side by side; to l. and r., corn-ear; in exergue, AD. FRV. EMV. EX. S. C. Sydenham 603, Crawford 330/1a, RCV 210, RSC Calpurnia-5a2 commentsBud Stewart
L. Marcus Philippus - Marcia-2863 viewsL Marcus Philippus AR denarius (3.73 gm). 56 BC. Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus hehind, ANCVS below / equestrian statue on aquaduct, AQVA MAR between arches, PHILLIVS behind. Marcia 28, Sydenham 919, Crawford 425/1, RCV 382 Bud Stewart
Julia Maesa, AR denarius63 viewsOptimus
Magnentius Centenionalis63 viewsMagnentius AE Centenionalis
Obv: DN MAGNEN-TIVS PF AVG / A behind bust
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, barbarian in front of horse,bare-headed.
Emperor doesn't have shield.
Mintmark RQ

D: 22 mm
RIC VIII Rome 209 ( 351-352)

90 - 01 - MARIO 268 D.C.63 viewsAE Antoninianus 21 mm 2.82 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG" - Busto radiado, vistiendo coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a der.
Rev: "VICTO[RIA] AVG" - Victoria avanzando a izq., portando una corona de hojas de olivo en mano der. y hoja de palma en izq.

Acuñada 268 D.C.
Ceca: II Indeterminada
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.Vb #17 Pag.378 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11123 Pag.378 - Cohen Vol.VI #19 Pag.89 - DVM #7 Pag.269 - Cunetio #2508/9 - Hunter #9 - Schulzki #7b - AGK #7a/8a - Elmer #637/8/9 - Mairat #239
1 commentsmdelvalle
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,63 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninian, Rome, RIC V-II 506, -/-//XXIZ, IOVI CONSERVAT AVG G, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT-AVG-G, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,03g, axes: 6h,
mint:Rome , date: 285-286 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-506, C-355,
Maximianus coded - A with HP - RIC V, 582 var.63 viewsMaximianus Herculeus 286 - 310
AE - Antoninianus (pre-reform), 4.37g, 23.2mm
Siscia 1. officina, 290
bare bust, radiate head r.
Emperor, holding sceptre, and Hercules, shouldering club and lion's skin, standing
face to face, sacrificing at altar
l. field: A
exergue: dot XXI dot HP dot
RIC V/2, Siscia 582 var., unrecorded; not in Cohen
R; good VF, rest of silvering, thick flan
added to

RIC 582 has obv. legend only P AVG, and bust type 'cuirassed' not 'bare'!

HP, 1st group of HP - KOY - LI
= Gen. of Herculius, name of Maximianus, so-called coded coins
look at
2 commentsJochen
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I, Denarius63 viewsMaximinus I 235-238 A.D.

RIC 19
2 commentsBarry
Medieval, #12,63 viewsMedieval, #12,quadrans
Medieval, #02,63 viewsMedieval, #02,quadrans
moneta 424.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius II, Cyzicus - RIC VIII 11663 viewsConstantius II AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back, wearing cap, unbearded.
left field: *
exergue: SMK?
Struck 355-361 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VIII 116 (officinae unknown)
Van Meter 100
moneta 578.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Aquileia - RIC VII 5763 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
rev: VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT XX. Two captives seated on either side of standard inscribed VOT XX.
left field: S
right field: F
exergue: dot AQP dot
Struck 320 A.D. at Aquileia
RIC VII 57 (R4)
Van Meter 92
Lydia, Mostene, Tyche / Hermes, AE1863 views18mm, 3.39g
obv: ΛV - ΔΩN; turreted and draped bust of Tyche right
rev: MOCT - HNΩN; Hermes standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys, holding caduceus and purse, at his feet to left, ram

SNG Aulock -; BMC -; SNG Leypold -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; SNG Tübingen -; SNG München -
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon63 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Æ 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Neron Semis.jpg
14-08 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)63 viewsAE Semis 20 mm 4.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP NERO CAESAR AVG" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PONTIF MAX TR POT IMP P - S C" - Roma con yelmo sentada a izquierda Sobre una coraza militar, portando una corona en mano derecha levantada y Parazonium (espada militar corta, ancha y sin punta, que llevaban los Jefes militares como señal de distinción) en izquierda.

Acuñada 66 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: NO LISTADA, EN TODOS LOS CASOS DIFIEREN EN LA LEYENDA DEL REVERSO (una sola P) - RIC Vol.1 #549 var Pag.182 - BMCRE #402 var - Cohen Vol.1 #237 var Pag.295 - DVM #35 var Pag.87

Mr. Curtis Clay says:
"IMP P in place of IMP P P appears with some frequency on Lugdunese bronzes of Nero, but not often enough to justify the belief that it was intentional. I attribute it to carelessness, not planning ahead and running out of space before the intended legend was complete.
Nonetheless the error seems to be unrecorded for this particular type, so it is also "unpublished"!"
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,63 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,
avers:- NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP, Laureate head right.
revers:- CER-QVINQ-ROM-CO, SC in ex, mark of value S on table, urn and a wreath set on a table, two griffins on front panel, round shield resting against leg.
exergo: -/-//S-C, diameter: 18mm, weight: 4,35g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 A.D., ref: RIC-234, C-47,
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,63 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
Parthia, Orodes I. (90-77 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Sellwood_31-6 (???), Archer right on throne, #163 viewsParthia, Orodes I. (90-77 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Sellwood_31-6 (???), Archer right on throne, #1
avers: King head, left, w/tiara (3 rows of pellets, eight-point star as side decoration, long ear flap) and diadem w/ribbon, mustache, short beard; earring(???), cuirass, dotted border 8 to 14h.
revers: Archer, right, on throne, w/bow in right hand. 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ/ MEΓAΛoY/ APΣAKoY /AVToKPAToPoΣ /ΦIΛoΠAToPoΣ /EΠIΦANoYΣ /ΦIΛEΛΛΗNoΣ, exergual line.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,4-21,3mm, weight: 3,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ekbatana (???), date: (???) B.C., ref: Sellwood_31-6, (???)
1 commentsquadrans
Otacilia Severa, Concordia63 viewsM OTACIL SEVERA AVG
Diademed draped bust right on crescent

Concordia seated left sacrificing over alter and holding cornucopia

RIC 126 Rome (year 247)
Ant; 3.71g; 22-24mm

I'm unsure of the nature of the blemish on the front and back- it looks as though maybe something had been welded on, maybe for jewelry and then removed.
Agrippa II PANIAS mint63 viewsAgrippa II, 56-95 AD, bronze of 17 mm.
Bust of Nero to right
Wreath with Greek legend naming BOTH Agrippa II and Nero within. ΠΙΕ\ΒΑΣΙΛΕ\ΑΓΡΙΠΠ\ΝΕΡΩ\ΝΙΕ

Hendin 582. This is the middle of three denominations of this early type of Agrippa II as king.
Byzantine Lead Seal circa 100063 viewsObv: Virgin Holding Medallion of Christ's Head
Rev: Four-line Inscription
19 mm
074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 062, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #2,63 views074 Philippus-I. (244-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 062, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #2,
"Celebrating my faithful Army"
avers:- IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- FIDES-EXERCITVS, Four standards, the third from right has an eagle atop it.
diameter: 21-24mm,
weight: 4,18g,
axis: h,
mint: Rome,
date: 249 A.D. (11th Issue - 2nd Officina),
ref: RIC-IV-III-062, p-75, C-050
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD.63 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.00 g).
Obverse- Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Reverse- Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and sceptre; altar before.
RIC IV 45; RSC 170.

The ROMAE AETERNAE reverse comes both with and without the altar before Roma. In the Eauze hoard, the variety without the altar was 3 time more plentiful than that with the altar.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus FIDES AVG63 viewsGallienus, 260-268 A.D., Asia mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
REV: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left holding purse and caduceus. PXV in exergue.
Picture 005.jpg
Coponius63 viewsPrefect: 6-9 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Grain-ear KAICA POC
Reverse: Palm Tree L AS
Date: Year 36 = 6 AD
Reference: Hendin 635
John K
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0363 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC 309.jpg
Postumus IOVI STATORI RIC V/2 30963 viewsAnt, 18x20mm, 3.98g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing R with sceptre & thunderbolt.

Trier, Issue 5, Officina B.

RIC V/2 309, Common.
Postumus PM TRP COS III PP RIC 55_2.jpg
Postumus PM TRP COS III PP RIC V/2 5563 viewsAnt, 22mm, 2.43g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: PM TRP COS III PP, Emperor standing L with spear & globe.

Trier, Issue 2, Officina B. 260-1 AD.

RIC V/2 55, Common.

This is evidently an engraver's error, as Postumus was COS II in 260-1, when he was TRP I, and this is as stated on the common dated coin of this year. I have two of these, from different dies, so evidently the mistake was repeated.
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-04, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922-3-04, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, Γ//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 3rd., emiss., "dotless series" 4th., off., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 190, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 190, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Serdica, PROVIDEN DEOR, Bust-C, *//KAA, Providentia standing right, facing Sol standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Providentia standing right, holding two ensigns, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe.
exergo: *//KAA,, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes:6h,
mint: Serdica 2nd emission, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, p-,(845var-p-110), Pink-p-45(33)var
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-??
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #263 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #2
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- VICTOR-IA-GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,
avers:- IMP-PRO_BVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (6,G)
revers:- VICTO_RIA_AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergo: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 18-21mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 214, p-40, C-741,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,63 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Lydia, Philadelphia, Tyche / Apollo63 viewstime of Septimius Severus
AE20, 4.3g
obv: FILADELFEWN; turreted bust of Tyche right
rev: Apollo standing left, holding lyre, branch
BMC Lydia, p.191, #32; SNG Leypold 1109 (same dies)
Ptolemy I Soter63 viewsPtolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I, 323-283 BC. Bronze.
Obverse- Deified Head of Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse- PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS, eagle with open wings standing on thunderbolt to left.; between legs E.
Svoronos 439, SNG Cop 158, 24mm, 11.94gm.
2 commentsb70
PUERTO RICO63 viewsPUERTO RICO - 1896 10 Centavos, Alfonso XIII. Obv.: Bust of Alphonso III left. Rev.: Crowned Spanish arms, Pillars of Hercules flanking. Reference: KM-21dpaul7
RI 064fi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -63 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
RI 101b img.jpg
101 - Volusian Antoninianus - RIC 18763 viewsObv:– IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing, head left, holding shield and spear; star in right field
Reference:– Van Meter 101/2. RIC 187, RSC 88
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Philip Arab63 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Philip I+II seated left on platform, soldiers, Liberalitas, citizen
RIC 183 (without SC) 8,69g 24,5mm Dupondius

Information from Curtis Clay:

Vaillant (1674) reports both a sestertius and a middle bronze of this type, LIBERALITAS AVGG S C, the sestertius in a private collection, the As allegedly in the French royal collection.

However, there seems to have been no such middle bronze in the Paris collection by Cohen's day. Cohen 84-5 reports the sestertius from Vaillant, and an As not from Paris, but from the stock of the coin dealer Rollin.

The same As reported by Cohen 85 was also described in Rollin & Feuardent's stock catalogue of the 1880s, no. 5365. It was in Fine condition, which probably means VF by today's standards, so it should provide a reliable description of the type and legend.

AVGG in the legend is odd. One would expect AVGG II, assuming identity with the emperors' known second largesse of 245 AD.

II could be lacking on the dupondius offerred to you, but the condition is not good enough to make the reading very certain!

There is of course no reason why a dupondius of the type should not exist. I have never seen any coin of the type, sestertius, As, or dupondius. Unfortunately I don't have any dupondii from the same obv. die but a different rev. type in my rather small collection of casts of Philip I's middle bronzes.

Anyway I see no reason to doubt the authenticity of the coin, and it is welcome as providing the first physical confirmation of the reverse type described by Vailllant and Rollin & Feuardent.

Thanks to Curtis Clay
1 commentsPriscus
Vespasian RIC-51463 viewsAR Denarius, 3.32g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC 514 (C), BMC 101, RSC 516
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: S P Q R in wreath
Acquired from Sergey Nechayev, September 2010.

The reverse depicts an oak wreath that was bestowed upon Vespasian by the 'senate and the people of Rome'. The occasion for such an offering is not known, although the BMCRE speculates (p. xxxvi) it could have been the 'Vota quinquennalia' which was paid the same year.

Good metal with an above average portrait.

1 commentsDavid Atherton
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #163 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158C, Rome, -/-//EKA, PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Prince standing left, #1
avers: M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: PRINCIP-I-IVV-ENTVT, Prince standing left holding ensign and scepter.
exerg: -/-//EKA, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,08g, axes:11h,
mint: Rome, 1st. emiss, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 158C, p-158,
47563 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Pax standing left with vertical sceptre
Unmarked mint
RIC 475
2 commentsmauseus
248363 viewsIMP POSTVMVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Concordia left holding rudder
Milan Mint, Issue 3
Cunetio 2483
1 commentsmauseus
Rome 28463 viewsQuinarius
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Emperor on horseback right, galloping down captive
Rome, -/-//-
RIC 284

Unfortunately a very poorly preserved specimen.
1 commentsmauseus
76 Trier63 viewsLRBC I 76
1 commentsmauseus
Roman Empire, Maximinus I (235-238) AR Denarius (RIC-19)63 viewsObv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate draped bust facing right
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter
3 commentsSpongeBob
RPC-1647-Vespasian63 viewsAR Didrachm, 6.71g
Caesarea, Cappadocia mint, 76-77 AD
RPC 1647 (24 spec.)
Obv: AYTOKPA KAICAP OYЄCΠACIANOC CЄBACTOC; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: NIKH CЄBACTH; Nike standing, r., wreath in r. hand, palm in l. hand
Acquired from CGB, July 2016. Ex MG Collection.

Caesarea, Cappadocia struck a fairly large issue of silver coins in 76/77 AD. There are two distinct styles: "Roman" (6 o'clock die axis) struck at Rome for Cappadocia , and "local" (12 o'clock die axis) struck at Caesarea. This didrachm, struck in local style features Nike on the reverse. There are two variants of the Nike type catalogued in RPC, one with and the other without Nike on an elongated base. This is the more common one without the elongated base. RPC consulted 24 specimens of the non base type and only 9 with the base. Oddly enough, RPC describes the non base type as Nike "standing right", as opposed to those with the base as "advancing right". Why this is so I cannot say.

Struck in hyper-veristic style similar to the denarii coined at Ephesus.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Septimius Severus denarius63 viewsRIC 503a (3,4 gm, 18 mm).
Mint of Laodicea, 198-202 AD.

Sharp & lustrous.
Strange & attractive detail - real golden coating after deletion of patina!
This is not coloring!

1 commentsneander
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,63 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers: Facing bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right, wearing crown with tassel to left and surmounted by crescent with |||: inside single dotted-border, crescent with stars at 3, 6 and 9 o'clock.
revers: Fire altar decorated with ribbons; at sides, two attendants facing; above, crescent and star.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
Sear 1823 (with Mardin c/m 1)63 viewsHost coin: anonymous Class B Follis, weight 8.3g, diameter 33 x 27cm., overstruck on a class A2/3 anonymous follis. Mint of Constantinople. Mardin type 1 countermark (the word Atabeg, a hereditary title of nobility) on the reverse, attributed to the Zengid lords of Mosul.

Abu Galyon
Phraates II63 viewstetradrachm, 138 - 127 BC
Sellwood 17.1v

This coin referenced in "The Celator," Vol. 23, No. 3, March 2009, page 18 ("Robinson Auction" results)
4 commentsRobert L3
Septimius Severus Consecratio63 views Bare head right of Septimius Severus/Throne with wreath. 19.5 mm. RIC (Caracalla) 191E [as Scarce]; C. 87. Ex CNG 47 (16 IX 98), lot 17913 commentsfordicus
Septimius Severus * Liberalitas VI, 193-211 AD. AR Denarius63 views
Septimius Severus * Liberalitas VI, Silver Denarius
"Septimius Severus and family's sixth gift of money to the people."
* Sixth Largesse *

Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG * Laureate head right.
Rev: LIBERLITAS AVG VI - Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter in right hand, arm partially extended, and cornucopia in left hand & arm.

Exergue: (Blank)

Mint: Rome
Struck: 208 AD.

Size: 19 mm.
Weight: 2.80 grams
Die axis: 10°

Condition: Beautiful, clear & clean with bright luster. Some mild splitting of the flan from strike, but well-struck. Good full legends and clear, strong images on both sides, with handsome portrait of the Emperor.

Cohen 298
RIC IV, 278a
SEAR RCV II, (2002), 6306, page 461

Arcadia, Phigalia. Septimius Severus. BCD Peloponnesos 1644 var. 63 viewsÆ20. Arcadia, Phigalia. Septimius Severus (AD 193–211), laureate head to r., bare bust. Legend mostly illegible. Rev., Dionysus to l., holding cantharus and thyrsus. ΦI - [A?]Λ - EΩN. BCD Peloponnesos 1644 var. (CNG notes: "unpublished in the standard references."). Ex. Collegium Josephinum Bonn, 2-14-2010.

Possibly same obverse die as CNG 81, Lot 2910:
Mark Fox
Severus Alexander, 222 - 235 AD 63 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander facing right.

Rev: LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing holding abacus and cornucopia.

Silver Denarius, Antioch mint, 222 - 223 AD

3.3 grams, 18.5 mm, 180°

RIC IVii 149, RSC 108a, S7875, VM 19
SPQR Coins
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 33. Severus Alexander & Julia Maesa, HrJ (2014) (plate coin)63 viewsSeverus Alexander & Julia Maesa, his grandmother, AD 222-235
AE 26, 10.86g, 26.29mm, 0°
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
confronted busts of Alexander, draped and cuirassed seen from behind,
laureate, r., and Iulia Maesa, diademed, draped, l.
Serpent half erected r., in four elaborate coils
E in upper l. field (for Pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1062 var. (in ex. TWN, E in r.field)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1875 var. (same)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. (plate coin)
very rare, good SS
added to
3 commentsJochen
Side, Pamphylia AR Tetradrachm63 viewsCirca 155-36 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, Side mint, weight 16.287g, maximum diameter 31.5mm, die axis 0o, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right, pomegranate left, KLE-YX (magistrate's name KLEUCHARES?) below; nice centering. EF.


In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
1 commentsJason T
Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, 485 - 420 B.C.63 viewsSilver siglos, Carradice Type IIIb (early), plate XII, 16 ff.(online source); SGCV II 4682; (Carradice NC 1998 pl. 7, 168; Carradice Price p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff.), banker's marks on Obv., Rev, & edge; weight 5.54 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Obv. Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, spear in right, quiver on right shoulder, bow in left, bearded, crowned (off flan); Rev. irregular oblong punch; Light toning in low areas, a few light scratches.

Background Info:
The later kings of Persia, successors of Darius I, continued in the tradition established by that monarch, issuing gold darics and silver sigloi for circulation in western Anatolia. The Lydian capitol of Sardeis, the center of Persian power in the area, was undoubtedly the principal mint, though other cities may have assisted in the production of this enormous coinage. The kneeling archer, with oblong punch on rev., remained the sole type for this Persian imperial coinage down to Alexander's conquest in 330 B.C. Sear GCV II p.426

Many silgoi bear small countermarks, possibly the signets of money changers. A large number of emblems have been recorded. Sear GCV II p.427

2 commentsSteve E
Methymna, Lesbos obol, Silen/ turtle63 views7mm, 0.39g
obv: facing head of Silenos
rev: turtle
(350 - 240 BC)
(Franke Methymna 170, 18A; cf. Klein 793)
2 commentsareich
Silver damma, Amirs of Sind, Ahmad, early 11th c. AD 0.25" - 7mm, 0.4 gm., Multan mint.63 viewsA 1000 years old rare little silver coin, showing partial islamic inscriptions and uncertain symbols. [la] ilaha illallah [abd allah] (?) / [Muhammad] Rasul [allah] abd allah (?). EF.
The rulers of Multan are usually known as Amirs of Sind or Habbarids. Very little is known about them apart from there coin which are given below. In AD 1030 Sind was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni.

Rare, especially in this condition, and not often seen in the West.

Antonio Protti
Caracalla, Stobi63 viewsAe 24mm; 5.4g

Laureate and draped bust right

Nike on globe left with wreath and palm branch

Unlisted dies
1 commentsarizonarobin
Syracuse Tetradrachm Boehringer.59663 viewsSICILY, Syracuse.
Circa 440-430 BC.
Tetradrachm (17.27 gm)
Charioteer driving walking quadriga left, holding kentron in right hand, reins in both; Nike flying above crowning horses; ketos swimming left in exergue

SY-PAKOSION, head of Arethusa right wearing earrings and necklace with pendant, hair tied with two hair bands, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise.

Boehringer 596 (V294/R402); SNG ANS 194 (same dies); SNG Lockett 947 (same dies); Kraay-Hirmer pl. 30, 89 (reverse die illustrated).

beautiful portrait
rare coin
1 commentsgb29400
Titus RIC 2363 viewsAR Denarius, 3.00g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 23 (R3), BMC -, RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch

This is the second known specimen of an extremely rare portrait left Ceres type. The only other known specimen was in the Harry Sneh collection and was sold in the Gemini IX sale, 8 January, lot 333 (RIC plate coin). My coin shares an obverse die. It's not often that a second specimen of a unique Flavian type turns up, especially for Titus!

Nicely toned with good eye appeal despite the wear and a few scratches.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus RIC 4163 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Taras, Calabria63 views380-345 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.95g)
O: Horse right, running free.
R: Taras astride dolphin right, left hand extended.
Vlasto 1225; Cote 177; SNG Fitzwilliam 348
Very Scarce
ex Davissons Ltd

As the first port-of-call in southern Italy from Greece, Taras’ fine natural harbor soon established the city as a major center of Greek influence.
Founded in 706 BC by the Spartan Phalanthos, Taras derived its name from the son of Poseidon, who was carried ashore by a dolphin. Legend has it that Phalanthos too, after being shipwrecked, was rescued by a dolphin, and this explains the artistic device so common throughout this prolific coinage.
1 commentsEnodia
Terra Sigillata #03, Gladiator 01,63 viewsTerra Sigillata #03, Gladiator 01,
type:Terra Sigillata
size: mm,
weight: g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
THEODORA AE4 AD337-34063 viewsobv: FL.MAX.THEO-DORAE.AVG (diademed, draped bust right)
rev: PIETAS.ROMANA / TRS (Pietas standing facing, holding a child at her breast)
ref: RIC VIII-Trier56
1.50g, 15.5mm
Theodora was the 2nd wife of Constantius I & step-daughter of Maximianus. These coins were commemorative struck after her death.
titus ceres rev.JPG
Titus RIC 2263 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 22 (C), BMC 7, RSC 270
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres, draped, seated l., holding corn-ear and poppy in extended r. hand and torch upright in l.
Acquired from York Coins, January 2005.

A reverse that is a continuation from Vespasian's coinage. I imagine it took the the die-engravers a few months to design new reverses for Titus.

A solid coin with a lovely portrait.
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus L throne.jpg
Titus RIC-12063 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 120 (C), BMC 56, RSC 314
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Square seat, draped with cloth hanging in folds, above which is a winged thunderbolt, lying horizontal: ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno)
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2007.

Same type as BMCRE 51 but with the left facing portrait.

A pleasing portrait, even if the coin itself is a bit off-center.

Titus Denarius63 viewsTitus Denarius
Laureate head right

Elephant, wearing armor, walking left


Rome 80 AD.
RIC II, 22a; Cohen 303; BMC 44

Very scarce

Ex-Pella Coins and Antiquities

Thick black toning on this denarius makes it tough to photograph. Much nicer in hand.

Commemorates the completion and dedication of the Colosseum and the opening of games in 80 AD, after ten years of construction.
2 commentsJay GT4
Titus as Caesar63 viewsTITUS, as Caesar. 79-81 AD. Æ As 28mm 8.6 gm. Struck 74 AD. O: T CAES IMP PON TR P COS III CENS, laureate head left R: VICTORIA AVGVST, S C across field, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm. RIC 755 (Vespasian); BMCRE 711A (Vespasian) note var. (head right); cf. Cohen 363.

This obverse legend is only known on one coin paired with this reverse type (BMCRE 711A note), but that coin's obverse has Titus facing right. The references mentioned are from the only other example I could find online. I believe this is the third published left facing example.

The Victoria Avgvst, Avgvsti and Navalis Victory on the prow types probably commemorate Titus' pursuit of the Jews at Tarichæa on rafts, and the same circumstance doubtless explains why Titus brought a large number of ships with him when he entered Rome in triumph.
4 commentsNemonater
Titus as Caesar RIC V85863 viewsAR Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 76 AD
RIC V858 (R), BMC V186, RSC 52
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V (high in field); bull stg. r.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This denarius of Titus as Caesar from 76 AD obviously shows a bull (even those with a passing knowledge of farm animal anatomy can tell the difference) and not a cow, but the question is why was this type minted with both sexes portrayed, sometimes ambiguously?

The BMCRE proffers this type is a reference to the famous heifer statue by Myron and that the coin commemorates the placing of it in Vespasian's new Temple of Peace. If this is so, why do some of the types show a bull?

Perhaps the type is nothing more than an agricultural reference like so many of the other denarii the Flavians issued in the last half of Vespasian's reign.

Decent coin with good metal and a well rendered bull on the reverse.
David Atherton
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander, AR Denarius / RIC 12363 viewsAttribution: RIC 123 (RIC IV, Part II), RSC 448
Date: 222-235 AD

Obverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: P M TR P XIII COS III P P Sol advancing left raising hand and holding whip

Size: 20mm
Weight: 2.98 grams
4 commentsAnemicOak
Trajan AR Denarius, Abundantia standing left. RIC 16663 viewsTrajan Den “Abundantia and galley” Trajan AD 98-117 Silver Denarius “Rome feeds her people” Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P- Laureate head right, draped left shoulder Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI - Abundantia standing left, holding corn ears over modius filled with corn ears, cornucopia and to her right rear, a galley. Rome mint: AD 103-104 /2.81 g. RIC II 166; BMCRE 169; RSC 467a.3 commentsmattpat
PANNONIAE63 viewsTrajan Decius antoninianus
Rome mint
2 commentsTibsi
AE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #0163 viewsAE-Two-Horse and Two-Dog head #01
distribution: ???
date: ???
ref: ???
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-065, #1263 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-065, #12
avers:- Cross on line, imitation of cufic legend around; border of dots.
revers:- Four wedges and four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-065, CHN-1-118, Huszar-139,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Vespasian-RIC-106263 viewsAR Denarius, 3.43g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1062 (C), BMC 244, RSC 550
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: TR POT X COS VIIII; Ceres seated left, with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from Amphora Coins, January 2008.

A most vexing coin to locate, ironically the much rarer left facing example came to me first. Rated Common in the RIC.

A nice example of a late period Vespasian denarius. Good portrait.
Vespasian RIC-84663 viewsAR Denarius, 2.90g
Rome mint, 76 AD
RIC 846 (R), BMC p. 34 note, RSC 122a
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VII across field; Eagle stg. front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head r.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A fairly rare denarius with portrait left and the head of the eagle to the right.

Deep toning combined with an artistic portrait makes this a wonderful coin with plenty of in hand eye appeal.

4 commentsDavid Atherton
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 62a2, Thessalonica, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets,63 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 62a2, Thessalonica, GLORIA REIPVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets,
avers:- DN-VALENTINIANVS-PF-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLORIA-REI-PVBLICAE, Campgate with two turrets, A in the left field.
exergo: A/-//TES, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 384-388 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-62a.2, p-188,
Roman Empire, Valerian I, antoninianus.63 viewsThe early Valerian antoniniani were usually of "fairly good silver" and this one both looks and sounds like a silver coin. The portrait is excellent and unlike many of the less accomplished ones seen on these coins. The flan crack is not a problem either. One of my favourites! RIC 259.2 commentsjmuona
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0263 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #02
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,46g, axis:3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2563 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident
Acquired from Nemesis, February 2008.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
Vespasian RIC 15 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian Judaea Capta, RIC 1563 viewsVespasian
AR Denarius
Rome Mint. 69-70 A.D.
18.2mm. 3.09g.
Die Alignment: 180 degrees
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right.
Rev: [NO LEGEND] - Captive Jewess seated right, in the attitude of mourning, trophy of captured arms behind.
Ref: RIC 15. BMC 35. Sear 2296. Cohen 226. RSC 226. VM 32.
Notes: Ex Barry P. Murphy. This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judea Capta issues. - Excerpt taken from FORVM catalogue.
Vespasian - [RIC 1422C, BMCRE -, RSC -]63 viewsSilver denarius, 2.76g, 17mm, 180 degree, Ephesus mint, 71 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right

Rev. - CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres seated left on ornate high-backed chair, corn ears and poppy in right, cornucopia in left, BY in ex.

An unlisted type for Vespasian's Ephesus Group 5 denarii. In the upcoming RIC II addenda this type should be assigned 1422C.

This is the third known example. Other examples are ex Lynn collection and David Atherton collection in which both share the same dies. This example is from a different die set, making it the first of a second die set.

The BY mint mark does not show up well in the photo, however, in hand it is quite apparent.

Purchased from eBay
4 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian - [RIC 944, RSC II 134a, BMCRE II 209, SRCV II 2289 var (head right)]63 viewsSilver denarius, gF, 3.257g, 17.4mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, 77-78 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left

Rev. - COS VIII in ex., pair of oxen under yoke facing left

Rarer left facing bust of the type, which was minted in a ratio of 1:10 to the right facing busts

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
4 commentsrenegade3220
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AV Aureus, AD.7063 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: COS ITER T-R POT, Pax seated left, holding branch and caduceus.
2 commentsanthivs
VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT/XX - Constantine II63 viewsAE3, London, 320 - 321
3.28gm, 19mm
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
R: Standard inscribed VOT / XX in two lines, captives seated on either side.

RIC VII.190 (S), ex. Allen Berman
Paul DiMarzio
Moesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #163 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), PM 03-06-08, -/-//AN XI, AE-Dupondius, #1
avers:- IMP-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS-C-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding branch in righ hand, transverse sceptre surmounted by a small figure of victory in left hand, between an bull and a lion.
exergo: -/-//AN XI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 249-250 A.D., ref: Pick-126, PM-3-06-8,
Moesia, Viminacium, 084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), PM 05-26-05, -/-//AN XIII, AE-Sestertius, #0163 viewsMoesia, Viminacium, 084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), PM 05-26-05, -/-//AN XIII, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-CAE-C-VIB-VOLVSIANO-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: -/-//AN XIII, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-175, PM-5-26-5, Mus-
Vitellius BMC1 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vitellius, RIC 6663 viewsVitellius
AR Denarius
Rome Mint. 69 A.D.
Obv: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP - Laureate bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA P R - Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopiae.
Ref: RIC 66. Cohen 18. RCV 2196. RSC 18.
Vrbs Roma / Constantinopolis (mule)63 viewsTrier (?)
very scarce
Constantinople CONSS63 viewsConstantine had altogether more ambitious plans. Having restored the unity of the empire, now overseeing the progress of major governmental reforms and sponsoring the consolidation of the Christian church, Constantine was well aware that Rome had become an unsatisfactory capital for several reasons. Located in central Italy, Rome lay too far from the eastern imperial frontiers, and hence also from the legions and the Imperial courts. Moreover, Rome offered an undesirable playground for disaffected politicians; it also suffered regularly from flooding and from malaria.

It seemed impossible to many that the capital could be moved. Nevertheless, Constantine identified the site of Byzantium as the correct place: a city where an emperor could sit, readily defended, with easy access to the Danube or the Euphrates frontiers, his court supplied from the rich gardens and sophisticated workshops of Roman Asia, his treasuries filled by the wealthiest provinces of the empire.

Constantine laid out the expanded city, dividing it into 14 regions, and ornamenting it with great public works worthy of a great imperial city. Yet initially Constantinople did not have all the dignities of Rome, possessing a proconsul, rather than a prefect of the city. Furthermore, it had no praetors, tribunes or quaestors. Although Constantinople did have senators, they held the title clarus, not clarissimus, like those of Rome. Constantinople also lacked the panoply of other administrative offices regulating the food supply, police, statues, temples, sewers, aqueducts or other public works. The new program of building was carried out in great haste: columns, marbles, doors and tiles were taken wholesale from the temples of the empire and moved to the new city. Similarly, many of the greatest works of Greek and Roman art were soon to be seen in its squares and streets. The emperor stimulated private building by promising householders gifts of land from the imperial estates in Asiana and Pontica, and on 18 May 332 he announced that, as in Rome, free distributions of food would be made to citizens. At the time the amount is said to have been 80,000 rations a day, doled out from 117 distribution points around the city.

Constantinople was a Greek Orthodox Christian city, lying in the most Christianised part of the Empire. Justinian ordered the pagan temples of Byzantium to be deconstructed, and erected the splendid Church of the Holy Wisdom, Sancta Sophia (also known as Hagia Sophia in Greek), as the centrepiece of his Christian capital. He oversaw also the building of the Church of the Holy Apostles, and that of Hagia Irene.

Constantine laid out anew the square at the middle of old Byzantium, naming it the Augusteum. Sancta Sophia lay on the north side of the Augusteum. The new senate-house (or Curia) was housed in a basilica on the east side. On the south side of the great square was erected the Great Palace of the emperor with its imposing entrance, the Chalke, and its ceremonial suite known as the Palace of Daphne. Located immediately nearby was the vast Hippodrome for chariot-races, seating over 80,000 spectators, and the Baths of Zeuxippus (both originally built in the time of Septimius Severus). At the entrance at the western end of the Augusteum was the Milion, a vaulted monument from which distances were measured across the Eastern Empire.

From the Augusteum a great street, the Mese, led, lined with colonnades. As it descended the First Hill of the city and climbed the Second Hill, it passed on the left the Praetorium or law-court. Then it passed through the oval Forum of Constantine where there was a second senate-house, then on and through the Forum of Taurus and then the Forum of Bous, and finally up the Sixth Hill and through to the Golden Gate on the Propontis. The Mese would be seven Roman miles long to the Golden Gate of the Walls of Theodosius.

Constantine erected a high column in the middle of the Forum, on the Second Hill, with a statue of himself at the top, crowned with a halo of seven rays and looking towards the rising sun.

RIC VII Constantinople 61 C1
Weight-Q-017_AE_63 viewsWeight-Q-017_AE_
weight: 6,82g,
size: 13x13x12,5mm,
axis: h,
yong li A.jpg
CHINA - YONG LI (YONGMING, PRINCE OF GUI)63 viewsSouthern Ming Dynasty, Yongming, Prince of Gui - Yong Li Reign Title, 1646-1659. Large Letter variety. H-21.45, S-1296. dpaul7
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I AR Antoninianus / Roma reverse63 viewsAttribution: RIC 44b (RIC IV, Part III), Cohen 169

Mint: Rome

Date: 246-247 AD

Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, draped bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE; Roma seated left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left, shield at side

Size: 23mm x 24mm

Weight: 4.28 grams

Ex CNG, Electronic Auction 121, Lot 243, September 2005
1 commentsAnemicOak
ZEUGITANA_ Augustus.jpg
ZEUGITANA, Carthage. Augustus63 viewsObverse: Bare head left
Reverse: P P/D D across field
Mint : Carthage, ZEUGITANA
Date : Struck AD 10
Reference : RPC 745.14 (this coin); MAA 102; SNG Copenhagen 417
Grade : Fine
Weight : 5.57g
Denom : As
Metal : AE
Dealer : CNG
Acquired: 14/05/08
Comments : black-green patina, traces of red and green deposits, From the Patrick Villemur Collection
L. Flaminius Cilo63 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
L. Scribonius Libo, Denarius62 viewsRome mint, 62 BC
BON EVENT LIBO, head of Bonus Eventus right
PVTEAL SCRIBON, the puteal scribonianum, ornamented with garland between two lyres and hammer
3.95 gr
Ref : RCV # 367, RSC, Scribonia # 8a
Potator II
Valentinian II - AE362 viewsAE3Tanit
DIOCLETIAN62 viewsAE follis. Serdica 305-307 AD. 9,33 grs. Laureate bust right,wearing imperial mantle,and holding branch and mappa. D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG. / Quies and Providentia,the latter holding branch and leaning on sceptre facing each other. PROVIDENTIA DEORUM QUIES AVGG. S A F in field. .SM. SD. in exergue. C.493 (2f). RIC.15 b.
Roman Empire, Domitian.62 viewsAR denarius. 92 AD. 3,18 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI / Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column,brandishing javelin and armed with shield. Owl at feet. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P.
Old RIC 167a. New RIC 730. RSC 273.
2 commentsbenito
SELEUCID KINGDOM, ANTIOCH, 154-153 BC62 viewsTetradrachm, 30mm, 16.81g, 1h
Demetrios I, Soter.

O. Diademed head right within laurel wreath
R. Tyche, holding scepter and cornucopia, seated left on throne supported by tritoness right; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right; ΔΗΜ-ΗΤPΙΟV, ΣΩΤ-ΗPΟΣ to left, ΠΑ and ANT monograms outer left, ΘΝΡ=159 (Seleukid Era)=154-153 BC in exergue

Newell SMA 107; SC 1641.4a; HGC 9, 798.

Ex Fredy Vortisch Collection
4 commentsAZRobbo
THRACE, LYSIMACHOS, Struck circa 301/0-300/299 BC62 viewsAR Drachm, 17mm, 4.16 g, 12h
In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon; Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint.

O. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
R. Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, lion head left above E; monogram below throne

Thompson 93 corr. (lion head, not forepart); Price 1993; Müller 332
Trajan, Antoninianus62 viewsRome mint AD 250/251
DIVO TRAIANO Radiate head right, wearing light drapery on left shoulder
CONSECRATIO Eagle facing
3.12 gr
Ref : RIC IV # 85a, Cohen # 666, RCV # 9470
in qblay's catalog : TR16/A147
2 commentsPotator II
Please click on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
Diva Faustina, Denarius62 viewsMinted in Rome, after AD 147
DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust right with pearls in hair
AVGV STA, Vesta standing left, draped and veiled, holding simpulum and palladium
3.29 gr, 18 mm
Ref : RCV #4587, RIC III # 368, Cohen #108
Potator II
Diva Faustina II, Sestertius62 viewsPosthumous issue, Rome mint, after AD 176
DIVA FAVSTINA PIA, draped bust right
SIDERIBVS RECEPTA, Diana standing right, holding a torch, SC in field
19.76 gr
Ref : Cohen # 215, RCV # 5233 v
Potator II
Caracalla, Tetradrachm62 viewsTetratrachm struck in Antioch, c.209-212 AD
AVT KAI ANTWNEIN C CEB, Laureate bust of Caracalla right
DHMARX.....PATO.TO.TOG, Eagle facing with wreath in beak
13.65 gr
Ref : Sear #2649 var, Prieur # 214A_001 (unique to date with this reverse legend lacking C : "should" be TOC.TOG. Thanks to Michel Prieur for the additionnal informations)
2 commentsPotator II
Egypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,62 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-287, D-379, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,62 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Trajan Decius Sestertius62 viewsRIC IVc 126d Rome, C 117
13.77 g, 28 mm x 29 mm
IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate & cuirassed bust right from behind
VICTORIA AVG S-C, Victory advancing left with wreath & palm branch
2 commentsMark Z2
Gallienus, Sestertius62 viewsRome mint, AD 253-255
IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, Laureate and draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus right
CONCORDIA EXERCIT, Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia and patera.
18.5 gr
Ref : RIC # 209, Göbl # 15dd, Cohen #132, RCV #10467
1 commentsPotator II
05. Philip III.62 viewsTetradrachm, 323 - 317 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M at left, ΛΥ between the rungs of the throne.
16.99 gm., 27 mm.
P. #P181; M. #99; S. #6749.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 455) that coins with the M-ΛΥ monograms may have to be assigned to Susa after further study.
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,62 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes,
avers:- MAP-AV-KAI-ANTΩNINO, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTPON, Bunch of grapes.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 2,11g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012), p-187
Probus, Antoninianus 62 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
Bithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #162 viewsBithynia, Nikaia, 062 Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #262 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #162 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 144, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: FORTVNA-REDVX, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopia, wheel below throne.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 243 A.D.(5th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-144, p-31, RSC-98,
Severus II as Caesar Follis62 viewsRIC VI 660 Trier
26 mm x 28 mm, 10.51 gm
F L VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES, laureate & cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI S-F, Genius standing left, tower on head & holding patera & cornucopiae,
PTR in ex.
Same dies as Roma Numis. Auction III (03-31-12), Lot 544
(Thanks to Dane/Helvetica for a correction in the description!)
1 commentsMark Z
Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #0162 views081p Herennius Etruscus (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 03-41-03, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- Q-HER-ETR-MES-DECIVS-NOB, bare headed, draped, cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMS-C-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion standing at feet on either side.
exergo: AN XII, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: Pick-141, PM-3-41-03, Mus-r,
Postumus62 viewsBetter photo

Postumus Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / VBERTAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse & caduceus. RIC V-II Cologne 330

Treveri (Trier) mint. 4th emission, 2nd phase, group 2. Struck AD 267. RIC V 330; Mairat 136.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), G-3108, D-5502, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, ETOYC-Z, Elpis standing facing, head left, #162 views107p Severina (270-275 A.D.), G-3108, D-5502, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, ETOYC-Z, Elpis standing facing, head left, #1
avers:- OVΛΠ CEVHPINA CEB, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- ETOYC-Z, Elpis standing facing, head left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt.
exerg: -/Z//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 8,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 275 A.D., Year 7. Z, ref: Geissen-3108, Dattari-5502, Kapmann-Ganschow-107.2-p335,
Ex Hirsch 105 (1977), Lot 3509.
Septimius Severus (193 - 211 A.D)62 viewsAR Denarius
O: SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, Laureate head right.
R:RESTITVTOR VRBIS (Restoration of the City), Severus in military attire, spear in left, sacrificing over a tripod altar with right.
Rome mint, 201 A.D.
RIC 167a, RSC 599, BMCRE 202
2 commentsMat
661. Julia Domna denarius62 viewsRome Mint, 210 Ad
20 mm, VF
IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, floormat on head
VENVS VICTRIX, half naked Venus, holding helmet and palm, leaning on column, shield at feet
Trajan Denarius - Trajan and Nerva (RIC 28)62 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 98-99 AD

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: Trajan, togate, standing (L), receiving globe from Nerva (R)

No examples in Reka Devnia Hoard

RIC 28 RSC 319a

After the revolt of the Praetorians in October 97 AD, Nerva was in need of a popular, youthful and vigourous heir. Stationed on the German frontier, Trajan soon received a handwritten note from Nerva, informing him of his adoption. Trajan was highly respected within the army and his adoption was the best possible remedy against the resentment much of the army felt against Nerva. But Trajan didn't come speeding back to Rome in order to help restore Nerva's authority. Rather than going to Rome he summoned the leaders of the earlier mutiny by the praetorians to Upper Germany. Instead of receiving a promised promotion, they were executed on arrival. Such ruthless actions made it quite clear that with Trajan as part of it, Rome's government was not to be messed with.

Nerva died on 28 January AD 98. His successor's eventual entry at Rome in AD 99 was a triumph. Jubilant crowds rejoiced at his arrival. The new emperor entered the city on foot, he embraced each of the senators and even walked among the ordinary people. This was unlike any other Roman emperor and perhaps grants us a glimpse of Trajan's true greatness.

5 commentsKained but Able
Constantius II, RIC VII 118, Heraclea62 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Bust: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
2 soldiers standing to either side of two standards.
Exe: (dot) SMHA
Date: 330-341 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "R2"
Gratian AE 262 views4.5 g, 21.7 x 22.0 mm.

RIC 26a2 for Siscia. Minted 378-383 AD.

OBV.: Gratian right, DN GRATIANVS PF AVG.

REV.: Gratian raising kneeling turreted figure, REPARATIO REIPVB, BSISC in exergue.
4 commentsTLP
88019 files on 221 page(s) 34