FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members


Most viewed
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous AE Semuncia, Rome, 217-215 BC, 44 viewsHead of Mercury right, wearing winged Petasus. / Prow of galley right, ROMA above.
Crawford 38/7; Sydenham 87; Sear (Millennium) 620.
(20 mm, 12h)
Lloyd T
102. Trajan; Cappadocia, Caesarea44 viewsTrajan Ae21
Lion skin over club, Holed.
2 commentsecoli
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,44 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers:- Crowned bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right.
revers:- Fire altar flanked by attendants.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
531-579 Khosrow I - dirham from Eran-asan-kar-Kavad (Hulwan, Iran)44 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants, wearing turbans.
3 commentsGinolerhino
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Scipio, Denarius44 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

C. Scribonius - denarius Cr. 201/144 viewsC. Scribonius. Ca. 154 BC. Denarius subaeratus, 3.71 g; obv. helmeted head of Roma right, 'X' behind; rev. the Dioscuri galloping right, C. SCR. below, ROMA in ex. Crawford 201/1; Syd. 380.Bartosz A
AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53444 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
Antiochos VIII, Grypos (sole reign), 121 - 96 BC44 viewsObv: No legend, diademed and radiate head of Antiochos VIII facing right.

Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY on right, EΠIΦANOYΣ; on left, Eagle standing left, scepter in background.

Æ 18, Antioch mint, c. 121 - 120 BC

6.1 grams, 18.7 mm, 0°

GCV II 7154
3 commentsSPQR Coins
Seleukos IV Philopator44 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator
Date: 187-175 BC
Size: Serrate AE 22 9.29g
Mint: Antioch
Obverse: Apollo r.
Reverse: Apollo tripod
Reference: SNG Spaer 848
3 commentsJohn K
selim iii.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SELIM III44 viewsSelim III silver para 1204 AH (1790AD) 8th YEAR mm, 0.27 g. dpaul7
Septimus Servus 193-211 denarius44 viewsOb. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG III Laureate head right
Rev. LIBERO PATRI Bacchus standing left holding oenochoe over panther and thyrsus:

Ref. RSC 301, BMC 64, RIC 32
Minted in AD194
Weight 3.5g

3 commentsBacchus
Septimius Sever, AR Denarius44 viewsOptimus
Septimius Severus, AE 2844 viewsAV K L SEP SEVHROS
Bust laureate, draped, seen from behind
Dionysos (Sabazios?) standing facing, head left, holding thrysos and kantharos, panther at his feet
cf. AMNG Pick 557 but Dionysos is clothed, not nude. Possibly a depiction of a Thracian cult of Dionysos.
cf. Varbanov (Eng.) I, 746 but with legend variations - same obverse die as Varb. 750 with Dionysis reverse
1 commentswhitetd49
Septimius Severus - denarius - not in RIC 44 viewsSeptimius Severus. Silver denarius, Mint of Emesa (according to RIC) or Antiochia, 194-95 AD; 3.05g; obv. IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; rev. BONA SPES, Fides (?) standing left, holding basket of fruit and corn ears. Not in RIC; RSC III 59a.
5 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Sestercio ANTONINO PIO RIC 904.jpg
31-32 - ANTONINO PIO (138 - 161 D.C.)44 viewsAE Sestercio 33 x 31 mm 23.0 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG [PIVS P P TR P XVI]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INDVLGENTIA [AVG COS IIII]" - Indulgencia sentada a izquierda levantando su brazo derecho y portando cetro en izquierdo.

Acuñada 152 - 153 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #904 Pag.139 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4183 Pag.221 - BMCRE #1920 - Cohen Vol.II #452 Pag.314 - DVM #75 Pag.138
Severus Alexander Iovi44 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 200, sharp EF, 3.056g, 20.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 228 - 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, cloak hanging over arm, thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of emperor at feet left. Ex. Forvmfordicus
Severina, AE denarius, Venus Felix44 viewsSEVERINA AVG
Venus holding Cupid and scepter
Ex. Gamma, Rome, 274 AD
RIC V 6, C14, SR 3287

Rome, 274 AD
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,44 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left,
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. ϛ in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 184(c)44 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AR - Denar, 3.22g, 19.6mm
Rome AD 228-231
bust draped, head laureate r.
Abundantia standing r., emptying cornucopiae with both hands
RIC IV/2, 184(c)
nice EF, superb details on rev.!
Severus Alexander RIC IV, 25444 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222 - 235
AR - Denar, 3.35g, 18mm
Rome AD 232
draped and cuirassed bust, laureate head r.
Spes draped advancing l., holding flower r.,raising robe with l.
RIC IV/2, 254; C.546; BMCR.897

Spes is pictured as a standard archaic maiden-figure or Kore (with the flower perhaps referencing Persephone not Aphrodite); Rome's first temple of Spes was archaic-era (477 BC according to Tameanko), so the figure of Spes on Imperial coins may be keyed to much earlier artistic and cultic tradition (Archivum)
Septimius Severus, 193–211 CE44 viewsAR denarius, Rome mint, 210–1 CE; 19mm, 3.18g. BM 59, CRB 41, RIC 333, RSC 728. Obv: SEVERVS PIVS – AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: VICTORIAE BRIT; Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm. Commemorates victories declared in Britain. Rare; only two specimens in the Reka Devnia hoard. EF, with light cleaning marks in the obverse field before the nose.

ex Davissons 31, 30 November 2012, lot 122
1 commentsMichael K5
Sicily, Panormos as "Ziz", Jenkins, "Coins of Punic Sicily," in SNR 50 (1971), pl. 24, 2144 viewsSICILY, Panormos as "Ziz" . Circa 380-340 BC. Æ Litra 11.66g 28mm, Jenkins, "Coins of Punic Sicily," in SNR 50 (1971), pl. 24, 21; SNG ANS 554; Calciati I pg. 270, 5; BMC Sicily pg. 250, 38; SNG Copenhagen 518; SNG Morcom -; Laffaille 192; Virzi 1302-306.
O: Head of Hera left wearing single-pendant earring and stephane decorated with three fleur-de-lis
R: Punic 'sys' in exergue, man-headed bull standing left; radiate head of Helios above
5 commentscasata137ec
Greek, Sicily, Syracuse AE16 (Before 357 BC)44 viewso/ Head of Arethusa left, wearing earrings, hair bound in ampyx and sphendone.
r/ epsilon?-??, four-spoked wheel; two dolphins in lower quarters
3,75g. 16,2mm.7h
BMC Sicily 248; Sear 1186
3 commentsAugustin Caron
POLAND - Sigismund III44 viewsPOLAND - Sigismund III (1587-1632) AR 3 Polker, 1623. KM #15.dpaul7
SMHGamma copy.jpg
Licinius II, AE 344 viewsLicinius II, AE 3 Struck 321-324 AD
3gm, 17mm

OBV/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; helmeted and cuir bust l., holding shield and spear across shoulder.
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe in r. hand and eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand; eagle with wreath in beak before, bound captive behind. XIIr in r. field. SMH Gamma in exergue.
RIC VII, 54 Rare: Scarce

A beautiful coin with lovely "desert" patina.
Ionia, Smyrna, von Aulock 795144 viewsSmyrna, Ionia, early 3rd century
AE - AE 27, 6.68g
struck under the Eparchos Pollianus
bust of Senate, draped, turreted(?), r.
Two draped Nemeseis standing facing each another, the r. holding measuring
stick, the l. reins, wheel at feet of the r.; both twitching at cloth below their
SNG von Aulock 7951; BMC cf. 227 ff.
good F
added to

These are the well-known TWO NEMESEIS OF SMYRNA. The reason for two of these deities is unknown. It could be
a) the two aspects of only one deity, one kind, the other implacable, or
b) due to the story of Pausanias 7.5.3, where Alexander the Great has founded the
new Smyrna, one Nemesis from the old city and the other from the new city.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1877 Spain Cinco Centimos44 viewsSpain 1877 Cinco Centimos, Bronze.
* 1877 *
Geta, Stobi44 views_____TGETAS
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Victory standing left with wreath and palm

Ae 26mm; 9.41g
1 commentsarizonarobin
Celtic imitation - AE 2244 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right ;
wide trident
H countermark
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin could be:

Thessalonica - AE 17
187-31 BC
diademed head of Artemis right (wave on Strymon's face is Artemis's curl)
bow and quiver
monograms left
SNGCop 358. Moushmov 6600

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

Maybe H countermark allowed this coin to return into Macedonian circulation? Who knows what this coin has experienced.
Sulpicius Galba44 viewsObv: The conjoined, laureate heads of the Dei Penates facing left; D. P. P. before.

Rev: Two male figures standing facing each other, both hold spears and are pointing at a sow which likes between them; control letter I above, C SVLPICI C F in exergue.

Silver Denarius Serratus, Rome mint, 106 BC

3.8 grams, 19 mm, 315°

RSC Sulpicia 1, S189
3 commentsSPQR Matt
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. 44 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antiochia ad Orontem. Trajan Decius. A.D. 249-251. BI tetradrachm (25 mm, 11.65 g, 7 h). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Trajan Decius right; beneath, Z / Eagle standing left on palm branch, wreath in beak; S C. McAlee 1120g; Prieur 548. Sold2 commentsAntonivs Protti
Shahi Kings of Kabul and Ghandara, Sri Spalapati Deva, 750 - 900 A.D., Kabul mint? 44 viewsAR Jital; Tye 3.1, Deyell 17d; 3.39g. 18.5mm max.; Obv. Bull Nandi recumbent left, wearing plain jhula (saddlecloth), trisula (trident) tamgha on hindquarters, श्री स्पलापति देवा (Sri Spalapati Deva in Nagari script) above, Rev. Horseman riding right holding banner, flowing to left, Bactrian legend in arc in front (sri spalabad or sbolobodi)per Deyell, or corrupt Brahmi (shahi deva)per Tye.

The figures on this series are more embossed, thus thought to be earlier than the "outlined" types. Also the rev. legend becomes more corrupt on "later" issues.
1 commentsSteve E
[1117] Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.44 viewsSilvered Antoninianus. RIC 210. Weight, Size. aVF. Minted in Antioch. Obverse:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter, both holding scepters, Z below figures; XXI in exegrue. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tacitus (275-276 A.D.)

Robin Mc Mahon
New York University

Full name, Marcus Claudius Tacitus; name as Emperor, Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus. We have no reliable information on the earlier career of the Emperor Tacitus. All that is known with any degree of certainty is that in 273 he was consul along with Julius Placidianus. All the statements in the Historia Augusta regarding Tacitus' earlier career, including the claim he was related to the historian Tacitus, have been rejected by historians as fictitious. The most reliable sources for Tacitus' reign, Zosimus and Zonaras, state that he was chosen Emperor by the army following the assassination of Aurelian in the fall of 275, most likely in November. At the time of his elevation he was in Interamna (modern Terni, about 60 miles north of Rome). From there he made his way to Rome where he was confirmed as Emperor by the Senate. Tradition has it that he was 75 years old at the time, but there is no way to confirm this.

As Emperor, Tacitus first had Aurelian deified, then seized and executed many individuals involved in plotting Aurelian's murder. Tacitus then turned his attention to the defense of the Empire. Although the Franks, Alamanni, and Longiones posed threats in the north, Tacitus determined that the greater danger lay in the East. Aurelian had enlisted the aid of several barbarian tribes, including the Heruli and Maeotidae (referred to as Scythians in the sources), for a projected invasion of Parthia. Aurelian's murder cancelled these plans. Feeling cheated of their opportunity for plunder, the tribes attacked the Roman provinces in Asia Minor, overrunning Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia and Cilicia, and caused terrible destruction. Tacitus appointed his half-brother Florian Praetorian Prefect. They campaigned in the East against the invaders, winning Tacitus the title Gothicus Maximus.

Tacitus, however, did not long enjoy his victory: on his way back to Europe, he died. Zosimus and Zonaras preserve the report that Tacitus had appointed a relative of his, Maximinus, as governor of Syria. Maximinus was murdered; then the assassins, fearing Tacitus's reaction, murdered him. It was alleged that some of them had also had a hand in murdering Aurelian. The Historia Augusta more eccentrically reports that Tacitus became ill with a fever and started showing signs of megalomania: but as the month September Tacitus allegedly wanted named after himself dates his accession incorrectly, the story appears to be a fabrication. Tacitus died some time in June of 276. His memory was neither condemned nor deified.

Tacitus held the consulship at least twice, first in 273 and again in 276. There is numismatic evidence of a third consulship but there is no record of a third in any of the fasti, that is, the lists of consuls. Because of the paucity of the sources and the brevity of his reign, little can be said of his policies. It is unlikely that the military would choose as Emperor anyone like the contemplative, abstemious civilian the Historia Augusta portrays. A hint may be given by the fact that Tacitus's colleague in the consulship of 273, Julius Placidianus, commanded an army corps in Narbonensis and later went on to be a Praetorian Perfect. Nevertheless, some numismatic and epigraphic evidence suggests that Tacitus sought to strike a milder tone than his predecessor. Prominent among his coin legends is Clementia Temporum [the reverse type in my collection]. Unlike both Aurelian and Tacitus' successor, Probus, Tacitus did not take the title, deus et dominus natus ["born god and master"]. He also issued no Sol Invictus coins honoring Aurelian's favorite deity. Some of his coins revive the SC (senatus consulto) marking senatorial authority for the issue, which had been missing in previous reigns. Tacitus also used the Genius Senatus, inscriptions which had disappeared under Valerian. Further, in some inscriptions he is styled auctor verae libertatis ["originator of true liberty"], and on coins restitutor rei publicae ["restorer of the state"].


Tacitus largely fell out of the ancient historiographical record. The best sources are Zosimus and Zonaras. The Historia Augusta creates its own fiction of Tacitus out of forged documents, bogus names and faulty chronology. Tacitus deserved better than oblivion or fabrication, having halted potentially serious raiding in the East.

Two problems emerge from the evidence for Tacitus's short reign. The first is the six-month interregnum said to have intervened between the death of Aurelian and Tacitus' accession. The years 260-285 have been the subject of close chronological scrutiny, and it has been shown that, although there might have been a brief interval between emperors (something not uncommon), amounting to a few weeks, anything longer is not possible. The error appears to have originated in the Latin historians, who confused the duration of Tacitus' and Florian's reign with the brief period between the reigns of Aurelian and Tacitus.

The second question is whether or not the edict of the Emperor Gallienus, which had excluded senators from military commands and any other dealings with the military, was set aside during the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. Aurelius Victor reports that Gallienus, acting largely through fear of revolts and usurpation, replaced the senators in military offices with Equites. Several passages in the Historia Augusta claim that these edicts were suspended for the duration of the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. The overwhelming consensus among historians, however, is that the passages in the Historia Augusta are unhistorical: no credible evidence suggests that Gallienus' edicts were even temporarily set aside.

Copyright (C) 2000, Robin Mc Mahon. Used by permission.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #144 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-, LV 2194-5
Antoninus Pius. Zeugma, commagene44 viewsAE 22 mm 10.3 grams 138-161 AD
REV :: ZEU-GMA-TEWN. Tetrastyle temple with peribolos , 2 rows of blocks supporting . groove descending stairwell
EX :: none
Minted in Zeugma , Commagene
SNG COP 28, BMC p. 124, 1 ff.; SGICV 1492 (AE 25); SNG Righetti 1847
Purchases 12/2008
Theodosius Half Siliqua44 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC 57.jpg
Tetricus I COMES AVG RIC V/2 5744 viewsAnt, 17x19mm, 2.29g.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate and draped bust R; I think it was probably intended as draped and cuirassed, but there's no evidence of a cuirass.

Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Trier, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 57, Common.
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC 148.jpg
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC V/2 14844 viewsAnt, 2.51g, 21mm.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, VIRTVS standing L in helmet and military dress, holding spear and leaning on shield.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 148, Scarce.

Tetricus I RIC V, 14844 viewsTetricus I 271 - 274, Gallic Empire
AR - Antoninianus, 3.45g, 19mm
draped bust, radiate head r.
helmeted soldier standing l., holding spear and leaning on shield
RIC V/2, 148; C.207
Scarce; about VF(?)
1 commentsJochen
Konstantinthaler from Trier 44 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 2007
30mm 9gm

The reverse is the Porta Nigra, an ancient Roman gate for the city of Treveri, now called Trier.

This 10 euro coin was issued by a bank in Trier, Germany, to mark the 1700 year anniversary of Constantine's residence in that city, and was legal tender in the city until 31 March 2008.

2 commentsVictor
Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. Two dolphins44 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos, 411-350 B.C. Obol. AR. Obs: Head of Satyr right. Rev: ΘΑΣ. Two dolphins. SNG. Cop. 1033.Podiceps
44 viewsTHESSALY, Larissa. Circa 356-342 BC. AR Drachm (6.01 gm; 20 mm). Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left / Horse standing right, about to roll; plant below. L-S Group 3; Lorber, Hoard, phase L-III; Herrmann Group VII A; SNG Copenhagen 123 var. (horse left). 3 commentspaul1888
Thasos. Circa 435-411 B.C. AR 8, Obol44 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Ca. 435-411 B.C. AR obol.
8mm, 0.5g. Two leaping dolphins / Quadripartite incuse square
SNG Copenhagen 1020. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Tic 1 copy.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3, struck 319-320 A.D., 3gm, 19 mm44 viewsOBV/ LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES; Laur., dr. & cuir bust l., holding Victory on globus.
REV/ VIRTVS EXERCIT; Standard inscribed VOT XX flanked by two captives; Chi/Rho monogram in l. field.
P*T in exergue.
RIC VII, 125 (Rare 4)
A gorgeous excellent example of this rare issue from Ticimum.
L. Titurius Sabinus - denarius44 viewsL Titurius L. f. Sabinus. 89 BC. AR Denarius, 3.55g; obv. Head of Tatius right, palm below chin, SABIN behind; rev. L TITVRI in exergue, Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw their shields on her. Crawford 344/2b, Syd. 699a.

Notes: ex H. D. Rauch Auction.
2 commentsBartosz A
titus as caesar cadeceus.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC V69444 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 74 AD
RIC V694 (R2), BMC p 29 *, RSC 167
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR POT; Winged caduceus, upright.

A reverse that copies one of Vespasian. The caduceus symbolizes commercial prosperity and may be associated with the censorship. (BMCRE p xxxvii)

Not in the BM's collection, but noted in the catalog. Both the RIC and RSC list it however. Not a common coin, not a very rare one either. Good metal, wonderful early portrait, and in good condition (Titus' beard is visible).
1 commentsVespasian70
Titus RIC 3844 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus RIC 3044 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 30 (C), BMC 15, RSC 274
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Trophy, below captive kneeling r.

A 'Capta' type that may alternately be a Judaea or Britannia type. Mattingly in the BMCRE (BMC 2.xli) interprets these types of Titus as Augustus as referring to Britannia and Agricola's campaigns in Northern England and Scotland. Jane M. Cody in the book 'Flavian Rome' (pg. 111) agrees with Mattingly, citing the differences in shield and trophy designs with the standard Judaea Capta types. Confusingly, Mattingly states that this type issued for Titus as Caesar under Vespasian refers to Judaea while Cody believes both issues were minted for victories in Britain because of identical composition and detail.

Personally I think it commemorates the victories in Britain. It would be odd if the Flavian expansion going on in that province was not celebrated on the coinage.

A nice example with a slightly off-center obverse, but featuring a very pleasing portrait.
(11) TITUS44 views79 - 81 AD
AR Denarius 19.18 mm, 3 g
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
R: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VI, Slow quadriga left, containing ears of corn
RIC 12
(ex Ancient Imports)
2 commentslaney
Titus44 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 112, RSC 309.
Rome mint, AD 80.
18 mm x 19 mm, 2.89 g.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor.

The reverse type of dolphin and anchor was part of a series by Titus honoring various deities (here, Neptune) following the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii.
2 commentsMarsman
Antioch AR4Drachm Prieur 578 Trajan Decius AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria. 250/1 AD. 44 viewsAntioch AR4Drachm
Prieur 578 Trajan Decius AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria. 250/1 AD. AYT K G ME KY TPAIANOC DEKIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; two pellets below / DHMAPX EXOYCIAC, eagle standing right on palm, holding wreath in beak, SC in ex.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Trajan AR Denarius, Mars advancing right RIC 33744 viewsTrajan Denarius. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Mars advancing right carrying spear & trophy. RIC 337, RSC 270.1 commentsmattpat
Trajan, RIC 469, Sestertius of AD 107-111 (Third donative)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (24,33g, Ø34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 107-111.
Obv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate bust of Trajan draped over left shoulder facing right.
Rev.: CONGIARIVM TERTIVM (around) S C (in ex.), Trajan seated left on platform, officer seated on a second, lower platform, with Liberalitas statue and tripod; man in toga on steps before the second platform.
RIC 469 [R]; Cohen 45 (Fr.20); Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 102:48
ex Bolaffi Ambassador auction

This issue commemorates the third donative upon Trajan's return to Rome in AD 107 after the second Dacian war.
2 commentsCharles S
Tray144 viewsRoman As from Republic to Gordian III1 commentsPekka K
44 viewsTrebonianus Gallus - Sestertius - Mint of Rome - 251/253
Ob.: IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: PAX AVGG S C; Pax standing left, holding olive branch and scepter
gs. 17,9 mm 29,2
Cohen 78
1 commentsMaxentius
??? Alexander III?44 views18mm almost looks incuse on rev.2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.c, #01, Error coin, double strike both side, revers on the avers !!!44 views034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.c, #01, Error coin, double strike both side, revers on the avers !!!
avers:- +m•WLADIS-LAI•REGIS, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross amongst three arches, three shields in the arches (Hungarian stripes, Polish eagle, Lithuanian knight); border of dots.
diameter: 13-15mm, weight: 0,51g, axis:10h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: B-n* (Pohl), date:1440-1441 A.D., ref: Unger-469.c, CNH-2-149A, Huszar-598,
034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.f, #0144 views034 Ulaszlo I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469.f, #01
avers:- +m•WLADIS-LAI•REGIS, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross amongst three arches, three shields in the arches (Hungarian stripes, Polish eagle, Lithuanian knight); border of dots.
diameter: 13-15mm, weight: 0,51g, axis:10h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: G-B (Pohl), date:1440-1441 A.D., ref: Unger-469.f, CNH-2-149A, Huszar-598,
Victoriatus, RRC 124/144 viewsUncertain mint, Victoriatus, 206-195 B.C. AR, 16mm 1.91g, RRC 124/1
O: Jupiter, laureate bust, r.
R: Victory crowning trophy, meta in between Victory and trophy
2 commentscasata137ec
Unpublished silver drachm, pre-Islamic Sind, India, ca.600-700 AD - "HaVa" type 44 viewsFour dots and various lines, probably representing the extreme degeneration of a bust of a horse, Brahmi letters "Ha" and "Va" / Blank. 15 mm, 1.2 grams. Completely unpublished, though related to the small crude Sind coins that are known.

The provenance of these coins is uncertain. Most authorities attribute it to 7th century Sind based on the shape of the Brahmi letters and the similarity of these coins to the late pre-Islamic and early Islamic coins of Sind. However, attribution to the very late period of Guptas and to the 6th or 7th century Gujarat are also possible.
Antonio Protti
08a Domitian as Caesar RIC-V108844 viewsAR Denarius
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC V1088 (R3), BMC p. 46 note, RSC 379
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta std. l., with Palladium and sceptre

A very rare (4th known) left facing portrait of the common Vesta and Palladium reverse. It is listed in Cohen as 379 (citing lot 784 of the de Moustier Sale of 1872) , although the new RIC states it is unverified (?). The lone example cited by RIC is in G. Mazzini's Monete imperiali romane, vol. 1. Also, Curtis Clay has a specimen, same die pair as mine. Left facing portraits of Domitian are extremely rare, especially those as Caesar.

Worn but all the major devices are visible.

Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution help!
David Atherton
Vespasian-RIC-1543A44 viewsAR Denarius
Antioch mint, 72-73 AD
RIC 1543A (R3), BMC - , RSC - , RPC -
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: AVGVR above TRI POT below; priestly implements

The type copies a contemporary Rome issue, but is clearly not from that mint. The best fit style wise is Antioch, which also issued this reverse type. Until this specimen surfaced, this obverse legend combined with this reverse was completely unknown for Antioch. Both are extremely rare from this mint to begin with. The new RIC II authors Ian Carradice and Ted Buttrey agree the coin is Syrian in style and have tentatively assigned it to the upcoming addenda as 1543A, although Carradice hasn't completely ruled out the possibility it is a barbarous copy. Harry Sneh also agrees the best fit is Antioch, proposing that there may have been several mints operating in Syria and this may be the product of one of them.

It is quite possible there are other examples out there misattributed to Rome as yet unrecognised, as this example had been by the seller. It pays to know your mints!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Columbian Exposition Half Dollar44 viewsColumbian Exposition Half Dollar, 1893

The first US commerative coin was the Columbian half dollar. C.E. Barber designed the obverse showing the bust of Columbus and G.T. Morgan the reverse with Columbus' flagship, the Santa Maria above two hemispheres.

1983, 1,550,405 minted.

Reference: KM 117
Daniel Friedman
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A44 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
(0270) VABALATHUS (AURELIAN)44 views270 - 275 AD
struck 271-272 AD
AE 21 mm 3.63 g
RIC 381
1 commentslaney
Valens-744 viewsAE3, 364-378 AD, Constantinople mint
Obverse: DN VALENS PF AVG, Diademmed , draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
CONSP(Gamma) exergue, RIC 21c
2.0gm , 17mm
Jerome Holderman
159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,44 views159 Valentinianus-II (375-392 A.D.), AE-4 Follis, RIC IX 39a-2, Siscia, VICTORIA AVG G G, Victory advancing left,
avers:- DN-VALENTINIANVS-PF-AVG, Pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG-G-G, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
exergo: -/-//B-SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 388-392 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-39a-2, p-155,
VALENTINIAN II AE4, RIC 63a, Vota44 viewsOBV: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: VOT/X/MVLT/XX, four lines in wreath
1.7g, 11mm

Minted at Constantinople, 383-8 AD
Valentinian I, Gloria Romanorum44 viewsObv: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valentinian advancing right, dragging a captive and holding a labarum affixed with the Chi-Rho Christogram; M in left field; six-pointed star above F in right field; BSISC in exergue.

AE 3, Siscia mint, 364 - 367 AD

2.3 grams, 18 mm

RIC IX Siscia 5a
1 commentsSPQR Coins
44 viewsantvwala
Valerianus II, Antoninianus44 viewsRome Mint,
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter, as a child, riding goat.
Ref: RIC 3
4 commentsbyzancia
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0344 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #03
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,30g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
Lucius Verus AE Sestertius44 viewsOBV: DIVVS VERVS
bare head right
REV: CONSECRATIO, S C across field
eagle standing right on globe, head left
Date: 169~170 A.D. Rome Mint
RCV 5207, RIC 1509
6 commentsmiffy
Alexandria. Vespasian AE35 Drachm. Winged bust of Nike44 viewsWinged bust of Nike. L IB. Emmett 208ancientone
Vespasian - [RIC 520, BMCRE 86, RSC 164]44 viewsSilver denarius, 3.08g, 18.63mm, 0 degree, Rome mint, 73 A.D.

Obv. - IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEN, laureate head right

Rev. - FIDES PVBL, clasped hands holding winged caduceus upright, between poppy and corn-ear on either side

Although considered "common" this reverse type is hard to find in trade.

Purchased from Lucernae on
3 commentsrenegade3220
Vespasian RIC II 141144 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 70 A.D. (3.14g, 19mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS, Titus and Domitian, veiled, togate, stg. front, heads l. each with patera; in exergue, Ɵ. RIC II 1411 (R), BMC 443, RSC 249.

This example of a scarce Vespasian from Ephesus has striking weakness on the obverse, but the reverse is quite nice with the issue mark, Ɵ, clear on in the exergue. Vespasian acted early to promote his two sons as successors. The issue marks from Ephesus remain one of the mysteries of Flavian coinage.
3 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 070344 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.23g. 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, Caduceus, winged. RIC II 703.

The caduceus is a characteristic of Mercury and associated with heralds and commerce. This coin is much nicer than my photograph show with nice dark toning.
3 commentsLucas H
Victorinus obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus, RIC 11644 viewsVictorinus
AE Antoninianus
Treveri Mint. 269-270 A.D.
Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAX AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. "V" in left field. * in right.
Ref: RIC 116.
1 commentsseraphic
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS44 viewsObv: Emperor - Rev.: Pax. Cologne mint. 268-270 A.D. Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. Rev.: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding nolive branch and scepter.dpaul7
viminacium gordianIII_AMNG77.jpg
Moesia superior, Viminacium, Gordian III AMNG 7744 viewsGordian ,AD 238-244
AE 23, 6.12g
struck AD 240/41 (AN II)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. PMS C - OL VIM
Moesia standing half l. between bull r., and lion l.
AMNG I/1, 77; Jekov/Hristova p.28, no.2
about VF, black-green patina
2 commentsJochen
Vitellius, RIC 42, As of AD 6944 viewsÆ as (9.5g, Ø28mm, 12h), Tarraco mint, struck AD 69
Obv.: A VITELLIVS IMP GERMAN, laureate head of Vitellius facing left, globe at tip of bust.
Rev.: FIDES /EXERCITVVM (in two lines in field above and below) two clasped hands; S C below.
RIC 42; BMC 103; Cohen 34
Charles S
Volusian - Sestertius Cohen 2144 viewsRugser
Volusian AR Antoninianus44 viewsVolusian AR Antoninianus. Milan mint, 251-253 22.0 mm 40º AD. IMP C C VIB
VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate draped & cuirassed bust right / VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus
standing right, holding spear and resting left on shield at front.

RIC 206
sear'88 #2832

Overstrike of above coin onto a coin of Maximinus (I)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commemorative VRBS ROMA - SMALA44 viewsRIC VII Alexandria 63
2 commentsblack-prophet
Jewish War, 66-70 AD, bronze 1/8 shekel 44 viewsBronze eighth denomination, 19 mm, 5.08 g, 69 - 70 A.D.
O: "To the redemption of Zion" in Hebrew, Omer cup with a pearled rim;
R: "Year four" in Hebrew, Lulav (myrtle, palm and willow branches tied together) flanked by an etrog (citron - small lemon like fruit) on both sides - Hendin 1369

During the fourth year of the Jewish War, the Romans had besieged the Jews in Jerusalem. There was a shortage of materials, and so, for the first time fractions of the shekel were minted in bronze. These are among the earliest examples of "siege money." Intended to pass as the equivalent in silver, they would have been redeemed for their face value at the end of a successful rebellion.

These siege pieces recall a time of despair and desperation in Jerusalem. Surrounded by Roman Legions under General Titus, intense starvation ravaged the city. Inhabitants were reduced to eating pieces of leather, belts and shoes. Josephus says that mothers even roasted and ate their own children. Simply having the appearance of good health implied a person was hiding food and would be reason enough to be murdered.
3 commentsNemonater
ROMAN EMPIRE, Quintillus AE Antoninianus / VICTORIA AVG.44 viewsAttribution: RIC 80??? (RIC V, Part 1)


Date: 270 AD


Reverse: VICTORIA AVG. Victory advancing right, holding wreath


Vespasian: 69 - 79AD44 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Zeno, tremissis (1,47 g)44 viewsVictoria Avugustorum - Constantinople
This coin was sold to me as a copy by a very serious numismatist, who in turn bought it as true. It's accompanied by a descriptive card of a major auction of 1989, which was presented as authentic and it seemeds genuine. So now, I am very doubtful whether it is true or false. I believe that this is a fake very well done.
Two Dollar Bill44 viewsDate: 1953, United States of America
Obverse: President Thomas Jefferson
Reverse: Monticello

Two dollar bills currently depict the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies from England. It was given by my paternal grandmother's father to the first great-grandchild (me!)
Jian Yan Zhong Bao43 viewsSouth Song Dynasty, Emperor Zhao Gou, 1127-1162 AD
Minted for a very short term. Scarce.
2 commentssamwyi
43 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. temp. Kanbun Era-Enpō Era. AD 1668-1673.
Æ Mun (25mm, 3.84 g, 12 h)
Saiji Bun-sen type
Kameido, Edo mint in Musashi province
Kanei Tsuho in Hànzì
Bun in Hànzì
Hartill, Japanese 4.102; Ogawa 25
Republic, Quartuncia43 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
0015 - Denarius Annia 82-1 BC43 viewsObv/C ANNI T F T N PRO COS EX S C, draped bust of Anna Perenna r., hair in a knot, winged caduceus behind, scale before, dot below.
Rev/Victory in galloping quadriga r., Q above, L FABI L F HISP in ex.

Ag, 19.2mm, 3.82g
Moneyer: Annius Luscus, L Fabius Hispaniensis.
Mint: Hispania.
RRC 366/1b [dies o/r: 18/(20)] - Syd.748a - BMCRR 352 - - Cohen Annia 1 - Calicó 116 - RCV 289 - RSC Annia 2a
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8326
1 commentsdafnis
0017 - Denarius Octavian 30-29 BC43 viewsObv/Octavian head as Apollo, laureate, r.
Rev/IMP CAESAR, rostral column surmonted by cloaked figure (Octavian?), r. holding spear, l. parazonium.

Ag, 20.1mm, 3.47g
Mint: Rome.
RIC I/271 [S] - BMCRE 633 - BMCRR 4349 - RCV 1559 - Cohen (Imp.) 124 - Cohen (Rep.) 86 - Calicó 686 - RSC Augustus 124
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8598
4 commentsdafnis
Nero AE As43 viewsRIC I 543 Lugdunum, C 302
9.72 g, 27 mm
S-C on either side of Victory flying left with shield inscribed SPQR
(Many thanks to Mr. Curtis Clay for attribution!)
1 commentsMark Z2
PRECOLUMBIAN43 viewsCopador vase. Late Classic. "El Paraiso", Chalatenango, El Salvador. 22,3 cms.2 commentsbenito
TACITUS43 viewsBI antoninianus. Lugdunum.276 AD. Emission 8, officina 3. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG / Pax walking left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre. PAX AVGVSTI. Star in right field. III in exergue.
Cohen 77. RIC 43. Bastien 116.
1 commentsbenito
TACITUS43 viewsAntoninianus. Ticinum . 275-276 AD. 4.20 grs. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right . IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG. / Securitas standing left, leaning on column. SECVRIT PERP.
RIC V pt. 1, 163. Estiot 1978-1995.
2 commentsbenito
Maurice Tiberius43 viewsMaurice Tiberius
21 mm 4.47 gm
Helmeted bust facing, holding gl. cr. in l. hand
Victory standing facing, holding chi-ro and gl. cr.; CONOB in exergue
1 commentsJohn Campbell
ATTICA, ATHENS, 449-413 BC43 viewsTetradrachm , 25mm, 16.96g

O.Head of Athena right, wearing helmet with necklace
R. AΘE, owl standing right, head facing; olive sprig & crescent behind, ; all within incuse square.

Kroll 8; SNG Copenhagen 31

Ex CNG - 262, Lot 90
1 commentsrobertpe
012 Æ18 Hieron II.jpg
GREEK, Hieron II (275-215 aC) AE1843 viewsCeca: Siracusa (Sicilia)
Datación: 270-230 aC
Valor: Æ18
Catálogo: Calciati 194; SNG ANS 968; SNG Cop 850; ¿¿SNG ANS 964??; Sear Greek Coins 1223
Conservación: MBC
Metal: Æ
Peso: 5,78 gr.
Diámetro: 18 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza diademada de Poseidon a la izquierda, dentro de línea de puntos.
Reverso: Cabeza de tridente, adornado con volutas entre los dientes y flanqueado por dos delfines. Leyenda HIEPONOS.
Juan B
Maroneia, Thrace43 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
Constantius II43 viewsConstantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Bronze AE 3, condition: VF, red desert patina, mint: Antioch, weight: 2.393g, maximum diameter: 15.2mm, die axis: 0o, date struck: 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing Horseman,hair in braids, bearded, reaching back towards soldier, AN Epsilon in ex RIC 187A
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Julia Domna, Denarius - 006543 viewsRome mint, AD 204
IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust of Domna right
PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar
3.12 gr

Potator II
Macrinus, Bronze43 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
Probus43 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate and cuirassed bust right, with spear and shield seen from inner side.
RV: Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.
RIC - - Bastien 235
Note: extremely rare bust-type
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Radiate bust draped and cuirassed right

Gallienus, in military dress, standing left, holding spear and raising kneeling turreted femal ( Gaul ), who holds cornucopiae.

Antoninianus in Treveri
21 mm -- 2.71 g -- Axis 180°

RIC.27 Cohen.898

good silver
Gordian III, Denarius 43 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm43 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
Herennia Etruscilla, Sestertius43 viewsRome mint, AD 250
HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair ridged in waves
PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, holding sceptre and drawing veil from face, S C at exergue
16.17 gr
Ref : RCV # 9505 var,
2 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-522a/1453-54 A.D., #0143 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-522a/1453-54 A.D., #01
avers:- +LADISLAVS•DEI•GRA•REX-rozette, Patriarchal Cross, A-B, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- S•LADISL-AVS•REX, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,99g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: A-B (Pohl),
date:1453-1454 A.D., ref: Unger-522a, CNH-2-179, Huszar-662,
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #0143 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525e/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, h-O, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: h-O (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525e, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
Crispus43 views317-326 A.D.
AE3, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
3.23 gm, 20 mm
Campgate with two turrets and star above
Six layers
SMANT Є in ex.,
RIC VII Antioch 64
Antioch mint
325-326 A.D.
3 commentsJaimelai
Carausius, Antoninianus 43 viewsIMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Carausius right
PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding spear and branch
4,44 gr
Ref : RC #3580, Cohen #219
Potator II
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,43 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 125c, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left,
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5mm, weight:3,95g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-125c, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #143 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #1
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and single cornucopiae, with altar before her
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22mm, weight:4,81g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-126, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #243 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 126, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G, Concordia seated left, #2
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Concordia (Concord, Harmony) seated left, holding patera and single cornucopiae, with altar before her
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-126, p-, C-,
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 123c, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, #243 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 123c, Rome, PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, #2
avers:- MARCIA-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA-AVG, Pudicitia (Modesty,Chastity), veiled, seated left, drawing veil with right hand, transverse sceptre in left..
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:22,5mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-123c, p-, C-,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Galerius AE Follis43 viewsRIC VI 42 Cyzicus, 308-309 A.D.
6.46 g, 26 mm
GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiaee.
B in left field. MKV in exergue
Mark Z
Trajan Denarius - Trajan's Column (RIC II 292)43 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 113-117AD

Obv: Laureate draped bust of Trajan (R)

Rev: TRAJAN'S COLUMN surmounted by statue of Trajan and two eagles at base.

An unfortunate but nevertheless interesting example of a tooled silver coin. Tooling visible on both sides but especially in reverse fields, legend and on column.

RIC II 292 RSC 558
1 commentsKained but Able
BYZANTINE, Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople43 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
PKA (monogram of)43 viewsBITHYNIA. Calchedon. Claudius. Æ 27. A.D. 41-54 (likely struck late in that period). Obv: (...KΛ)AYΔIOYKAIΣAPO(...TOΣ). Bare head left; countermark before neck. Rev: (KAΛXAΔONIΩN). Laureate and draped bust of Apollo right; lyre at far shoulder. Ref: RPC 1787 (1 pc); Sear 438. Axis: 180°. Weight: 9.35 g. CM: Monogram of PKA, in rectangular punch, 3 x 6.5 mm. Howgego 632 sim. Note: Howgego 632 is applied to 12 coins of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces I. This countermark is similar, although with the letter "A" added. Could it possibly also be a reference to Rhoemetalces Caesar? RPC argues that Calchedon formed part of Rhoemetalces Kingdom of Thrace. Collection Automan.Automan
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)43 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
Palm-branch (?)43 viewsCILICIA. Aegeae. Severus Alexander. Æ 38. A.D. 228/229 (year 275). Obv: AVTKMAVPCEVAΛEΞAN(ΔPOC)CEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: (AΔPIAΛ)EΞANΔPOVΠO(...AIΓEAIWN), E in field to left, OC in field to right. Bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corintian helmet; Countermark on head. Ref: BMC 36. Axis:195°. Weight: 22.49 g. CM: Palm-branch (?) in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm.Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
Male head right (laureate)43 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Æ 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
German states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A.43 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A. Crowned R divides date / 24 EINEN THALER A above sprigs.

KM 15
1791 AE Halfpenny Token. Macclesfield, Cheshire.43 viewsObverse: CHARLES ROE ESTABLISHED THE COPPER WORKS 1758 • Bust of Charles Roe, facing right.
Reverse: MACCLESFIELD HALFPENNY. Britannia, represented as the genius of industry, seated facing left, holding drill in her right hand and a six spoked cogwheel in her left hand by her side; in right field behind her is a mine capstan; in exergue, 1791.
Diameter 30mm | Die Axis 6.
Dalton & Hamer: 55

This token was issued by Charles Roe a leading Cheshire industrialist. The design for the token is attributed to John Gregory Hancock. Hancock was probably also responsible for the minting of these tokens, although the manufacture of them can be traced back to a separate contract placed with Matthew Boulton at his Soho Works in Birmingham.

Charles Roe was born in 1715 and died in 1781, he was the founder of Roe and Company, (also known as the Macclesfield Copper Company) which owned extensive works for smelting and making copper on land to the east of Macclesfield. Roe was a leading industrialist in the mid 18th Century, and much of his wealth and business empire was based on his various mining and metallurgical interests, he became a partner in several copper mines, and the famous Anglesey Mines in Wales were first worked under his direction.
Charles Roe was also a well known silk manufacturer and mill owner in his home county of Cheshire and there still exists today a memorial tablet to him in Christ Church, Macclesfield, which carries a lengthy inscription to his various lifetime achievements in the silk and metal trades.
1804 GEORGE III AR BANK OF ENGLAND DOLLAR 43 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BANK OF ENGLAND 1804. Britannia, seated left, holding a branch and spear, her left arm resting on a shield which in turn rests on a cornucopia, a beehive is in the background to the left; all within a garter inscribed FIVE SHILLINGS DOLLAR. The garter is surmounted by a castellated "crown" of five circular stone turrets.
On this coin there are enough traces of the host coin discernible on the reverse, near the edge between 'BANK' and 'OF', and on the obverse below the bust to make an accurate identification of the undertype possible. It was overstruck on a Spanish Colonial 8 Reales minted at Potosi in Bolivia and dated 1806.
Spink 3768; Obverse die A, Reverse die 2
Diameter: 41mm | Weight: 26.7gms | Die Axis: 11
SPINK: 3768

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810), this is marked by C. H. K. in raised letters on the truncation at the king's shoulder. The reverse, which was also designed by Kuchler has the raised initial K in the triangular space between the shield, cornucopia, and Britannia's dress. Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.

1804 George III Bank of England Silver Dollars
Although George III reigned for sixty years from 1760 to 1820, the only crowns issued were in the last three years of his reign, apart from these Bank of England dollars issued as an emergency measure.
There had been a persistent shortage of silver coins throughout most of George's reign, and the Bank of England attempted to alleviate this by counter-marking Spanish colonial 8-Reale pieces (the “pieces of eight” of pirate legend) with a punch bearing the head of George III. When this counter-mark was enthusiastically counterfeited, the bank resorted to counter-stamping the entire coin. Most survivors were struck on Mexican or Peruvian 8-Reale pieces, though a few have been found to be struck on issues from Spain proper. Although these Bank of England dollars are all dated 1804, they were issued every year until 1811, and occasionally, the dates of Spanish 8 Reales minted after 1804 can be discerned on them. In 1811, to take account of the increase in the value of silver, the Bank of England dollar coins were revalued at 5s6d and they stayed at this value until they were withdrawn from circulation in 1817, by which time a massive silver re-coinage was being undertaken.
1 comments*Alex
Herakles (bearded head right)43 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. Æ 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330°. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
1854 VICTORIA COPPER "YOUNG HEAD" HALFPENNY43 viewsObverse: VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854. Young head of Queen Victoria facing left.
Reverse: BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF: Britannia seated facing right, right arm resting on shield, left arm holding trident. Shamrock, Rose and Thistle (indicative of Ireland, England and Scotland respectively) in exergue.
Diameter 28mm
SPINK: 3949

Victoria's "young head" portrait was designed by William Wyon (1795 - 1851), this is marked by a small incuse "WW" at the base of the Queen's neck on this coin.

On October 25th, during the Crimean War, the famous cavalry “Charge of the Light Brigade” took place. The allies were victorious but only after 500 out of the 700 men involved in “The Charge” had lost their lives.
Muscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D.43 viewsMuscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D. FFAISAL BIN TURKEE / FESSUL BIN TURKEY IMAM MUSCAT AND OMAN, value and date.

Constans, RIC VIII 93, Siscia43 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
Bust: Rosette-Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
2 soldiers standing to either side of one chi-rho standard.
Exe: ASIS crescent
Date: 337-340 AD
Denom: Ae3
Rated "C"
1936 GEORGE V AE FARTHING43 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1936 in exergue.
SPINK: 4061

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.

On January 20th this year, King George V died, his death hastened by his physician who administered a lethal injection to him. George V was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, but in December, Edward signed an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere witnessed by his three brothers. Prince Albert became King, reigning as King George VI.
No coins were issued for Edward VIII, the types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck until the coronation of George VI in 1937.

In London, the famous Crystal Palace, built for the 1851 Great Exhibition, was destroyed by fire.
France. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 179343 viewsFrance. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 1793. REPUBLIQUE FRANCOISE LAN II / LIBERTE EGALITE, scales and laurel wreath

AA mintmark
KM 122a.1
1 commentsoneill6217
3. Malichus II 40-70 AD and Queen Shuqailat II43 viewsMint: Petra
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,140A, SNG ANS 1444
Obv: Jugate busts of Malichus II and Shuqailat II-Laureate, facing right.
Rev: Crossed cornucopia;Nabataean script.
Malichus/Shaquilath in three lines; two above and one below cornucopia.
Size: AE16mm
1 commentsbrian l
215- Domitian - Tomis.JPG
Domitian - Tomis43 viewsAE 20, Thrace, Tomis.
Obverse: ΔOMITIANOC KAICA ΓEPM , Laureate head right.
Reverse: TOMITWN, Nike standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm.
Moushmov 1805.
20mm , 4.3 gm

Jerome Holderman
CALABRIA, Tarentum43 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (12mm, 1.02 g, 10h). Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with hippocamp / Herakles standing right wrestling Nemean lion, club behind. Vlasto 1273-4; HN Italy 914.3 commentsTLP
25 Caracalla, Stobi.JPG
Caracalla ,Macedonia, Stobi #443 viewsAE 22, 193-217 AD
Obv: IM C MAVR ANTONINVS, Laureate , bearded head right.
Rev:MVNICI STOBE, Victory advancing right with wreath and palm.
22mm, 6.4gm
Moushmov 6553
Domitian, AD 81-9643 viewsAR denarius.

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right / TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Minerva standing left, with Victory and sceptre; at feet, shield. Rome mint, struck AD 81.

RIC II.1, 062; BMCRE II, 013; RSC II, 564.
1 commentssocalcoins
313 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 11, Nicomedia43 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Bust: Laureate and rosette-diademed head right
Two soldiers standing to either side of two standards
Date: 330-341 AD
Mint: Nicomedia
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VIII 11
Rated "C2"
011 Agrippa43 viewsAgrippa, Æ As. Agrippa. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD. M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left. RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius]

It's a bit glossy and hard to get a great shot
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
42- Trajan Decius 29c-2.JPG
Trajan Decius 29c-243 viewsAR Antoninianus, 250 AD , Rome mint
Obv: IMP CMQ TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory left with wreath and palm
22mm, 4.1gm
RIC 29c
60 Constantine Ia.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 180, Siscia43 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
VOT X X in two lines within laurel wreath.
Exe: BSIS (sunburst)
Mint: Siscia
Date: 320 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VII 180
Rated "C1"
43 viewsGreek,Metapontion, Lucania, Italy, c. 290 - 280 B.C. Silver nomos, Johnston class D, 4.15 (same dies); SNG ANS 517; HN Italy 1625; BMC Italy -, EF, toned, deeply struck from dies of fine style, 7.644g, 21.5mm, 45o, Metapontion mint, c. 290 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, “D” behind; reverse barley ear with six rows of grains, META on left, leaf on right, star over two amphoras above leaf, “FI” below leaf; ex Heritage auction 231402, lot 64007; ex CNG auction 79 (17 Sep 2008), lot 23; ex Paul H. Gerrie Collection with tag, ex Pegasi

Coin and Photo from Forum Numismatics
1 commentspaul1888
ROMAN EMPIRE, Macrinus43 viewsMacrinus. AD 217-218. AR Denarius (3.62 g, 11h). Struck AD 217. Laureate and draped bust right / Jupiter standing, head left, holding scepter and thunderbolt. RIC IV 2; Clay Issue 2; RSC 70. Good VF, toned.

From the Dr. Robert B. Beckett Collection.

"That's actually Clay Issue 2 not 1, and a very scarce coin: that rev. legend with P P but omitting COS is rare with all types and can't have lasted more than a couple of weeks, c. Sept. 217. No denarius like yours in the Reka Devnia hoard.

Macrinus was letting his beard grow, and it was beginning to show; in this short issue one finds a mixture of beard lengths, still short as on this denarius, but also medium and long. (Curtis Clay)"

1 commentssseverus
Ionia, Teos, c. 475 - 450 B.C.43 viewsIonia, Teos, c. 475 - 450 B.C.,
Silver tetartemorion, Teos
0.214g, 7.0mm
Obv.: griffin seated right, left forepaw raised
Rev.: quadripartite incuse square
SNG Kayhan 601

1 commentsareich
Alexander III, macedonian shield/helmet, Sardis43 viewsMacedonian Kings, Alexander III, The Great, 336-323 BC. AE 15mm (3.41 gm). Sardis mint. Cf. Price 2614 (unlisted monogram)

Obv.: Macedonian shield with kerykeion.
Rev.: Macedonian helmet; in between, B-A, below, monogram; to the right, rose; to the left kerykeion.
2 commentsSteff V
Topalov 45i - Silver Drachm43 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.82 gm, 14 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p.348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.

Appears to die match previous coin
Kyzicus, Mysia, Silver hemiobol, After 480 BC 43 viewsKyzicus, Mysia, AR hemiobol, After 480 BC, Obv: Forepart of boar left, tunny upward behind. Rev: Lion head roaring left, small facing panther head above.
Antonio Protti
9.101 Elagabalus denarius 219 AD43 viewsElegabalus
AR Denarius
Rome Mint - 219 AD
4.01 gm

obv. IMP ANTONINVS AVG - Elagabalus laureate r.
rev. IOVI CONSERVATORI - Jupiter standing l. holding lightning bolt and scepter, eagle at feet on l, standard to the r.
Sear 7519
Gordian lll43 viewsNervousRex
croce longobarda mm20x2543 views1 commentsRugser
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]43 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
Ptolemy VI and VIII AE2943 viewsgparch
Aeolis, Kyme - AE15 - SNG Cop. 10843 viewsAeolis, Kyme. AE15, 2nd-1st Century BC; 4.37g; obv. Draped bust of Artemis right with bow and quiver; rev. One-handled cup; KY above, magistrate ZOILOS. SNG Cop. 108; BMC 87.1 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
GREEK43 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III "the Great".
AR Drachm. Sardes c.322-319 AD. Struck under Philip III. 4,35 grs. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress / Zeus seated left holding eagle in right hand,scepter in left, bee above T I before. AΛΕΞANΔPOY behind.
Price 2626. ADM I .Series XIV 283-288.
Ex.Barry P.Murphy.
3 commentsbenito
Alexander III the Great AR Drachm43 viewsUncertain mint.
Price -; Müller -; Hersh -.
1 commentsMinos
(0491 ) ANASTASIUS43 views491 - 518 AD
STRUCK 498 - 518 (5th Officina)
AE FOLLIS 32 mm 15.64 g
O: D N ANASTA SIVS P P AVC, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: Large M (mark of value); star to left and right, cross above, below, CON IN EXE.
DOC 23i; MIBE 27; SB 19

Thracia, Anchialos, Gordian III & Tranquillina, AMNG 681 var.43 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 26, 13.32g
confronted busts of Gordian III, darped and cuirassed, laureate,r., and
Tranquillina, draped, l.
rev. OVLPIA - NWN / AGQIAL / EWN (WN ligate)
City-gate with two helmet-towers, open door, above door gallery with three archs
AMNG II, 681 var.
EF, deep black-green patina
1 commentsJochen
Trajan RIC 22 Fouree43 viewsDenarius, 98-99
Laur. r.
Victory seated l. holding patera and palm.
18mm, 2.40g
BYZANTINE, Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica43 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
Anglesey 1943 views2 commentsSPQR Coins
ENGLAND - QUEEN ANNE - 1702-171443 viewsSilver 4 Pence (Groat), 1713. KM-515.dpaul7
AntiochosVII H451.jpg
Antiochos VII AE15 Hendin 45143 viewsAe15, 15mm, 2.70g.

Obverse: BASILEWS ANTIOXOS EUERGETOI, Upside-down anchot.

Reverse: Lily in dotted circle.

BPR (131-130 BC)

Hendin 451.

Despite being struck in Antiochos' name, this is dated to the time when Hyrcanus I had actually gained control of Jerusalem, where they seem to have been struck. There is thus a good case for the claim that they were minted by Hyrcanus, and in a very real sense, constitute the first clearly 'Jewish' coins, since they inaugurate the tradition of coins without images. The earlier Yehud coins are probably better seen as 'Israelite' rather than 'Jewish'; they use images, and it's uncertain how far the term 'Judaioi' was in use at the time, or to whom it applied.
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 70.jpg
92-02 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)43 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP TETR[ICVS P F] AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[FIDES M]ILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión finales 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #70 Pag.407 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11234 var. Pag.391 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3176 - Cohen Vol.VI #37 Pag.96 - DVM #3 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2638 - Elmer #784 - AGK #3f
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antoninus Pius - sestertius RIC 85543 viewsAntoninus Pius. Sestertius, minted in Rome, 148-149 A.D.; 24.45g; obv. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right; rev. COS IIII S-C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 855, BMC 1823.

Ex F. R. Künker E-Auktion
1 commentsBartosz A
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, 138-161 AD. 43 viewsAntoninus Pius, 138-161 AD. AR Denarius (19,5 mm, 2.94 gr.)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS AVG Laureate head right. / COS IIII Thunderbolt on decorated altar.

RIC 137, RSC 345, BMC 536.

1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Antony fouree43 viewsbare head of Antony right

Plowman with yoke of two oxen to left


Reverse may be immitating the denarius of C. Marius C.f. Capito. 81 BC

3 commentsJay GT4
Antoninus Pius, RIC 749 var., Sestertius of AD 144 (Salus)43 viewsÆ Sestertius (26.0g, Ø 31mm, 12h), Rome mint, Struck AD 144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS III, laurate head Antoninus Pius facing right
Rev.: DES IIII (around) S C (in field), Salus standing left, holding a long sceptre and feeding a snake coiling around an altar.
RIC 749var.(*); Strack 949; Banti 138 var.
Ex D. Ruskin, 1998; ex Mike R. Vosper (Colchester, UK)

Salus, the goddess of health, feeding the sacred snake that belongs to her father, Aesculapius, the god of medicine. The Romans offered yearly to Salus to protect the emperor's health and security.

(*) This is a rare variant only recorded by Strack (giving two examples) but not by RIC, Cohen, BMC nor Banti. The reverse type differs from RIC 749 ("Salus standing l., [...] holding rudder on globe") while a long sceptre is depicted on this coin. BM Catalogue, 1968 (see pp 265-266, Pl 39.13, 39.14 ).
Charles S
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XX COS IIII, Salus seated left, #143 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XX COS IIII, Salus seated left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-IMP-II, Laureate bearded head right.
revers:- TR-POT-XX-COS-IIII, Salus seated left, feeding serpent rising from altar.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,75g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-264-p-51, RSC-11023, BMCRE-882,
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0200c, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Pax standing left,43 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0200c, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Pax standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-T-AEL-HADR-ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Laureated bust right.
revers:- TR-POT-XIIII-COS-IIII, Pax standing left with branch and scepter.
exerg: -/-//PAX, diameter: 16,5-19mm, weight: 2,39g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 150-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-200c, p-51, RSC-582, BMC-729cf,
apameia phrygia ae22.jpg
Apameia, Phygia AE2243 viewsobv: Bust of Athena right, wearing aegis and crested Corinthian helmet
rev: Eagle flying right
Struck 133-48 B.C. at Apameia, Phrygia
SG 5120
1 commentsJericho
arch of Titus.jpg
arch of Titus43 viewsPart of the Arch of Titus showing the spoils from the destruction of the Temple in JerusalemTitus Pullo
Aretas 4 2.jpg
Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD) - hemiobol minted in AD 01 !43 viewsBust of Aretas right
Nabatean circular legend meaning : "half (obol) of silver" , eagle standing left, dividing ShNT / 10 (Year 10 = 1 AD).
19 mm. Sear 5698.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Aretas 4.jpg
Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD) - AE 19 minted in 5 BC43 viewsBust of Aretas right, letters in field
HRTT MLK NBTY ShNT 4 (Aretas king of Nabatea, year 4 = 5 BC) , Queen-mother Huldu (?) standing left wearing long dress, right hand raised, holding uncertain object.
19 mm
Sear 5700
2 commentsGinolerhino
Arrowhead AE, #05, Bronze Age,43 viewsArrowhead AE, #05, Bronze Age,
Magnia Urbica Ticinum43 viewsMAGNIA VRBICA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent.
VENVS VICTRIX, Venus st. left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield.


22mm, 3.6gr, Die 0

5th emission Aug.283.
Ed D
AS NERON RPC 1761.jpg
14-10 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)43 viewsAE AS (Híbrido No listado en RIC) 28 x 24 mm 10.0 gr.

Anv: "[IMP NERO] CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG [GERM P M TR P]" - Busto laureado viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "S C " - Leyenda a los lados de un altar con dos puertas y ornamentos en la parte superior. "PROVIDENT" en exergo.
Puede ser una moneda híbrida acuñada a partir de un anverso de Neron y un reverso de Augusto póstumo ?? - Ver BMC nota de página 276

Acuñada 54/58 D.C.

Referencias: Cohen Vol.1 #255 Pag.296 - (RIC #528/530/531 Pag.181 muestran ARA PACIS en exergo, en lugar de PROVIDENT)
Thracia, Augusta Trajana, Geta, Schönert-Geiss 50443 viewsGeta, AD 209-211
AE 18, 4.21g
Bust, cuirassed, seen from behind, Aegis on back, laureate r.
River-god, nude to hips, leaning l., head r., holding waterplant in raised r. hand
and resting with l. arm on urn from which water flows l.
Schönert-Geiss 504 (2 ex. in Paris and Plovdiv); Varbanov (engl.) 1355 (Thanks to Markus!)

augustus as2.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck c.25 BC43 viewsobv: CAESAR (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: [AVGVS]TVS (within laurel wreath)
ref: RIC 486, BMCRE 731, RPC 2235
mint: Ephesus (?)(Uncertain mint in Cyprus or Syria)
11.18gms, 28mm
Augustus RIC 21143 views27 BC-AD 14. AR Denarius. Lugdunum mint. Struck 2 BC-AD 4.
R: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT; C L CAESARES in ex; Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing facing, each resting a hand on a shield. Crossed spears behind the shields. Simpulum on l. and lituus on r., X below.
RIC 211; BMC 537; RSC 43a.
27 BC - 14 AD
AE 24mm 12.02g
1 commentslaney
Gaul, Aulerci Eburovices electrum Hemistater (60-50 BC)43 viewso/ Stylized human head left, hair represented by three parallel lines; behind, a serie of dots and a little cross; below, a jewel; beaded cord around the cheek and a small boar upside down at the base of the neck
r/ Stylized horse leaping left, with the remains of the auriga above the horse, a boar left between the legs, a sort of Y before the horse's chest.
Titulature avers : Anépigraphe.
Description avers : Tête humaine stylisée à gauche, les cheveux figurés par trois lignes parallèles ; derrière, séries de globules et une croisette ; au-dessous, un fleuron ; cordon perlé entourant la joue ; un petit sanglier à l’envers à la base du cou.
Titulature revers : Anépigraphe.
Description revers : Cheval stylisé bondissant à gauche, avec les restes de l'aurige au-dessus du cheval ; un sanglier à chauche entre les jambes ; une sorte de Y devant le poitrail du cheval.
Extremely rare (horse left).
Evreux area, Eure (Northwest France)
19mm. 2.79g
DT 2406
Ex Numisnormandie (Emmanuel Lecoeur)
3 commentsAugustin Caron
Bust radiate, right, cuirassed
Emperor standing left, holding left sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter, holding scepter. Ex. [star]C[star]
RIC 342, Cyzicus
Aureolus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC 387 var.jpg
Aureolus for Postumus VIRTVS EQVIT RIC V/2 387 var43 viewsAnt, 17x20mm, 1.51g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS EQVIT, Mars walking R with spear and shield.

Exe: T

Milan. Struck by Aurolus in Postumus' name.

RIC V/2 387 var, 268, Common.
[603a] Octavian, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.43 viewsAR denarius; BMC 461; struck at Lugdunum between 15-13 BC , C 1411, RIC 171a; Date: 17.8 mm, 3.5 grams; F+; Obverse: AVGVSTVS [DI]VI F, Bare head right; Reverse: IMP X, Apollo standing facing, holding plectrum in right hand and lyre in left, ACT in exergue. A decent denarius commemorating The Battle of Actium against Antony in 31 BC. Ex McSorley Westchester Stamp and coin show 1970. Ex Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers

AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.)

Garrett G. Fagan
Pennsylvania State University

In the course of his long and spectacular career, he put an end to the advancing decay of the Republic and established a new basis for Roman government that was to stand for three centuries. This system, termed the "Principate," was far from flawless, but it provided the Roman Empire with a series of rulers who presided over the longest period of unity, peace, and prosperity that Western Europe, the Middle East and the North African seaboard have known in their entire recorded history. Even if the rulers themselves on occasion left much to be desired, the scale of Augustus's achievement in establishing the system cannot be overstated. Aside from the immense importance of Augustus's reign from the broad historical perspective, he himself is an intriguing figure: at once tolerant and implacable, ruthless and forgiving, brazen and tactful. Clearly a man of many facets, he underwent three major political reinventions in his lifetime and negotiated the stormy and dangerous seas of the last phase of the Roman Revolution with skill and foresight. With Augustus established in power and with the Principate firmly rooted, the internal machinations of the imperial household provide a fascinating glimpse into the one issue that painted this otherwise gifted organizer and politician into a corner from which he could find no easy exit: the problem of the succession.

(For a very detailed and interesting account of the Age of Augustus see:

Death and Retrospective

In his later years, Augustus withdrew more and more from the public eye, although he continued to transact public business. He was getting older, and old age in ancient times must have been considerably more debilitating than it is today. In any case, Tiberius had been installed as his successor and, by AD 13, was virtually emperor already. In AD 4 he had received grants of both proconsular and tribunician power, which had been renewed as a matter of course whenever they needed to be; in AD 13, Tiberius's imperium had been made co-extensive with that of Augustus. While traveling in Campania, Augustus died peacefully at Nola on 19 August, AD 14. Tiberius, who was en route to Illyricum, hurried to the scene and, depending on the source, arrived too late or spent a day in consultation with the dying princes. The tradition that Livia poisoned her husband is scurrilous in the extreme and most unlikely to be true. Whatever the case about these details, Imperator Caesar Augustus, Son of a God, Father of his Country, the man who had ruled the Roman world alone for almost 45 years, or over half a century if the triumviral period is included, was dead. He was accorded a magnificent funeral, buried in the mausoleum he had built in Rome, and entered the Roman pantheon as Divus Augustus. In his will, he left 1,000 sesterces apiece to the men of the Praetorian guard, 500 to the urban cohorts, and 300 to each of the legionaries. In death, as in life, Augustus acknowledged the true source of his power.

The inscription entitled "The Achievements of the Divine Augustus" (Res Gestae Divi Augustae; usually abbreviated RG) remains a remarkable piece of evidence deriving from Augustus's reign. The fullest copy of it is the bilingual Greek and Latin version carved into the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at Ancyra in Galatia (for this reason the RG used to be commonly referred to as the Monumentum Ancyranum). Other evidence, however, demonstrates that the original was inscribed on two bronze pillars that flanked the entrance to the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome. The inscription remains the only first-person summary of any Roman emperor's political career and, as such, offers invaluable insights into the Augustan regime's public presentation of itself.

In looking back on the reign of Augustus and its legacy to the Roman world, its longevity ought not to be overlooked as a key factor in its success. People had been born and reached middle age without knowing any form of government other than the Principate. Had Augustus died earlier (in 23 BC, for instance), matters may have turned out very differently. The attrition of the civil wars on the old Republican aristocracy and the longevity of Augustus, therefore, must be seen as major contributing factors in the transformation of the Roman state into a monarchy in these years. Augustus's own experience, his patience, his tact, and his great political acumen also played their part. All of these factors allowed him to put an end to the chaos of the Late Republic and re-establish the Roman state on a firm footing. He directed the future of the empire down many lasting paths, from the existence of a standing professional army stationed at or near the frontiers, to the dynastic principle so often employed in the imperial succession, to the embellishment of the capital at the emperor's expense. Augustus's ultimate legacy, however, was the peace and prosperity the empire was to enjoy for the next two centuries under the system he initiated. His memory was enshrined in the political ethos of the Imperial age as a paradigm of the good emperor; although every emperor adopted his name, Caesar Augustus, only a handful earned genuine comparison with him.

Copyright © 1999, Garrett G. Fagan.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Augustus (the first Roman emperor, in whose reign Jesus Christ was born) is without any doubt one of the most important figures in Roman history.

It is reported that when he was near death, Augustus addressed those in attendance with these words, "If I have played my part well, applaud!"

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr
Manuel I Commnenus43 viewsElectrum Aspron Trachy, c.1167-1180
S. 1961; DO.6b (Type E, 5th coinage?)
4.3 gm, 32 mm
Bangladesh43 viewsKm11.1 - 10 Poisha - 1978? (FAO)Daniel F
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,43 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Late Roman-Byzantine AE Spherical Barrel Weight43 viewsLate Roman-Byzantine AE Spherical Barrel Weight
A-A on the top surface, "a libra or 72 solidus weight " by Mauseus, thank you Mauseus.
1 Roman Pound=Libra=0,32745kg,
Size: 34x41,5x41,5mm,
weight: 325g,
date: late 5th. centuries.
ref: Hendin-327, p-209, Not in Bendall but cf 25-6.
German States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. 43 viewsGerman States. Prussia. Wilhelm I 1861 - 1888. .9000 silver 5-marks 1874-A. WILHELM DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head right / DEUTSHCES REICH 1874 FUNF MARK, crowned eagle with Prussian arms on breast.

KM 503

Low mintage 838k
Autonomous Coinage, Pergamum AE1743 viewsPergamum Civic coinage.
Obv: QEONCYN KLHTON . Draped bust of the Roman senate right.
Rev: QEANPW MHN . Draped bust of Roma right.
Struck 1st Century A.D.
BMC 205
Sear 4910.
Ex-Automan Collection, whose photo I steal ;)
Laureate head, right.
Hadrian standing, facing left. raising turreted and kneeling female holding globe.
Sestertius, 23.7 gm, 33.2 mm, RIC 594a
Comment: Commemorates Hadrian's bringing order to the world.
M5. Otho, Silver Denarius43 viewsObv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P
Bare head, right.
Pax standing left, holding olive branch and caduceus.
2.6 gm, 16.5 mm
Comment: I don't remember why I posted this one on Forum but it was probably some discussion thread. I was surprised to get a PM (maybe the first or second ever received) and there was this nice note suggesting that I might want to look at a certain topic under the Fakes Board. Well I did and there to my horror was my Otho and branded a fake of the Toronto Group! I remembered that I had passed several e-mails to the seller before I bid wondering why so valuable a coin didn't have a hefty reserve. I got some meally mouth answer about the ups and downs of the coin market.......I bid. I should have listened to the warning bell going off between my ears....Lesson learned #2: Get very, very familiar with the information in the Fake Discussions and Gallery here on Forum!
J1. Cyzicus RIC VII, 55 S43 viewsAe3 3.1 gm 17.9 mm Struck: 327 Mark: SMKB•
Plain diademed head, right.
Seven tiered campgate with two beacons, star between.
Comment: Good example of a Plain Diadem.
D2. Constans, Siscia, RIC 195, C2, 347-48 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
Rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Two Victories standing and facing each other with wreath in hand and palm frond positioned between.
1.3 gm 15.5 mm Ae4 Exergue: /Palm/ASIS/
Comment: The Q in reverse legend may stand for 'quies' meaning 'rest', referring to the death of Constantine II.
L5. Constantine Jr, Londinium RIC 259, C1, 322-23 AD43 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Altar inscribed VOT/IS/XX with globe on top and three stars above.
3.1 gm 18.5 mm Ae3 Exergue: F/(PLON)/B
Comment: Celebrates Constantine's fifteenth anniversary of accession and his vows for the next five years.
1 commentsMassanutten
F2. Perinthos, Thrace43 viewsAe20, 8 gm, 23.4 mm, 350-300 BC, Moushmov 4382
Obv: Anepigraphic with bust of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy with Thyrsos staff before.
Hera standing, facing, with a half bushel on her head and both arms extended. Inscription to right and left.
Comment: A Thyrsos is a staff capped with a pine cone and entwined with ivy. It was symbolic of the cult of Dionysos.
I2. Ephesus, Ionia43 viewsDiobol, .9 gm, 10.3 mm, 390-330 BC, Sear (GC) 4375
Obv: Bee with streight wings, E to left, Φ to right.
Rev: Two stags' heads, confronted, Ε Φ above.
1 commentsMassanutten
R7. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III43 viewsDrachm, 3.4 gm, 16.5 mm
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. Amphora to front. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
R8. Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III43 viewsDrachm, 1.6 gm, 19.5 mm.
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. Amphora to front. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
C7. Licinius, Nicomedia RIC 24, R2, 317 AD43 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate bust, left, wearing imperial mantle and holding mappa, globe and sceptre.
Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and leaning on sceptre.
3.6 gm 18.5 mm Ae3 Exergue: Palm frond/SMN/Z
1 commentsMassanutten
D3. Geta as Caesar43 viewsObv: P SEPT GETA CAES PONT
Bare headed and draped bust, right.
Nobilitas standing right, holding sceptre and palladium
Denarius, 3.3 gm, 18.5 gm, Rome RIC 13Da
Comment: One year younger than his brother, Caracalla. was elevated to the rank of Augustus in 209 while serving with his father in Britain. On the death of Septimus Severus in York (4 Feb 211), he found himself in joint rule with his brother to which he was the opposite in temperament. The two loathed each other and within the year of their return to Rome, he was murdered by Caracalla in February of 212 and his followers massacred.
P6. Probus43 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
Probus galloping right, spearing enemy. Shield beneath horse.
Antoninianus, 2.9 gm, 23.3 mm, Serdica RIC 877
2 commentsMassanutten
Great Britain. Imitation Spade. Brass. 1788 - 1845.43 viewsGreat Britain. Imitation Spade. Brass. 1788 - 1845. Minted by Charles Peverelle in Birmingham. GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA, laureate head right / CHARLES PEVERE E.M.A.K.E.R.B.R.M 1788.oneill6217
British Virgin Islands43 viewsKm4 - 25 Cents - 1973Daniel Friedman
Buckle #008 AR Buckle, Roman,43 viewsBuckle #008 AR Buckle, Roman,
Double framed buckle - the Buckle-loop is D shaped with involute terminals and tongue intact. Commonly found in military sites
type: AR Buckle,
size: 23x21mm,
weight: 4,45g,
date:2nd-3rd century A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
[1642c] Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 Apr 945 - 9 Nov 959 A.D.43 viewsGold solidus, SBCV 1751; DOC III part 2, 15, gVF, Constantinople mint, weight 4.332g, maximum diameter 20.8mm, die axis 180o. Obverse: Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left; Reverse: COnSTAnT, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; small "finder's scrape" on reverse, obverse die slightly rusted.

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, 945-959 A.D.

Constantine VII (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogennētos) Porphyrogenitus is a nickname that alludes to the Purple Room of the imperial palace, decorated with the stone porphyry, where legitimate children of reigning emperors were normally born.

In his book, A Short History of Byzantium, John Julius Norwich refers to Constantine VII as "The Scholar Emperor" (180). Norwich states, “He was, we are told, a passionate collector--not only of books and manuscripts but works of art of every kind; more remarkable still for a man of his class, he seems to have been an excellent painter. He was the most generous of patrons--to writers and scholars, artists and craftsmen. Finally, he was an excellent Emperor: a competent, conscientious and hard-working administrator and an inspired picker of men, whose appointments to military, naval, ecclesiastical, civil and academic posts were both imaginative and successful. He did much to develop higher education and took a special interest in the administration of justice" (181). In 947, Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus ordered "the immediate restitution, without compensation, of all peasant lands thus, by the end of [his] reign, the condition of the landed peasantry—which formed the foundation of the whole economic and military strength of the Empire—was better off than it had been for a century . . . on 9 November 959, he died aged fifty-four, surrounded by his sorrowing family: his wife Helena, his five daughters and his twenty-year old son Romanus, now Emperor of Byzantium (182-3).

Works cited:
Norwich, John Julius, A Short History of Byzantium. London: Viking, 1997.

Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Marcus Aurelius Sear 166143 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - didrachm, 6.77g, 20.93mm
bare head, r., typical curled hair
rev. VΠA - TOC Γ
Agalma of Mt. Argaeus, star above summit
Metcalf 130a; Sydenham 327; Sear GIC 1661 var.
scarce, VF, lightly toned
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #243 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #2
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 17-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axes: 5h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
L. Caesius43 viewsLucius Caesius, 112-111 BC. AR Denarius.
Obverse- Heroic bust of Vejovis facing left hurling a thunderbolt and seen from behind.
Reverse- Two Lares flanking dog.
CR 298/1, Syd 564, Caesia 1. 18.91 mm. 3.82 gm.
1 commentsb70
Bare head of Caligula left.
Vesta seated on ornate chair left,
holding patera and scepter.

BM-46, Paris-54, C-27, RIC-38.
A.D. 37-38
10.61gm 29 mm
3 commentsgoldenancients
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 46, Sestertius of AD 39-4043 viewsÆ sestertius (30.4g, Ø35mm, 6h) Rome mint, struck AD 39-40.
Obv.: C·CAESAR·DIVI AVG·PRON·AVG·P·M·TR·P·III·P·P, laureate head of Gaius facing left.
Rev.: S·P·Q·R / P·P / OB·CIVES / SERVATOS in four lines oak wreath.
RIC 46 (R2); BMC 58; Cohen 25; Sear (RCV 2K) 1801; Foss (RHC) 61:13
Ex G. Henzen
Second issue to publicise the title PATER PATRIAE (father of the fatherland) awarded to him in A.D.38 by the Senate.
2 commentsCharles S
CARACALLA43 viewsAE 29. Ancyra. AD 198-217. 17.04 g. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC(NT & NE lig) / Octastyle temple façade. MHTP ( TP lig) OΠO ANKVPAC. SNG France 2488 (same dies).
CNG 73, Lot: 732. Ex. Alexandre de Barros collection.
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius, RIC 184, Pax43 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Pax running left holding branch & scepter

Minted at Rome, 211 AD
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 43 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Æ 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #143 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 223, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PV-GNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,32g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
3 commentsquadrans
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 43 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla, 202 AD43 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Bust laureate, draped, right
Trophy between two seated Parthian captives
RIC 64, BM 392, C 179
Caracalla, AE 2643 viewsA C M AVR ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Nike/Nemesis advancing left, holding wreath and palm, wheel at her feet
Josifovski 504, same dies (V8, R189), citing private collection
Kuzmanovic Collection 933
Caracalla Caesarea Maritima43 viewsCaracalla Caesarea Maritima
AR27 14.2g Tetradracma
1 commentsMaritima
43 views2 commentsmarandnumiz
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 236F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left,43 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 236F, Rome, -/-//KAZ, AEQVITAS AVG, Equity standing left,
avers:- IMP-CARINVS-PF-AVG-(3F), Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- AEQVITAS-AVG, Equity standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//KAZ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,18g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 5th officina, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 236F, p-169,
Celtic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #243 viewsCeltic AR-Drachm, Kugelwangen type, kugel-triskele, 2nd c. BC. #2
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse-trotting-left-
diameter: 12-14mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Kugelwangen type,
date:, 2nd.c. BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Distribution : , Hungary/ n. Serbia
Centenional Conmemorativa RIC VII Heraclea 115A.jpg
A121B-12 - Acuñaciones Conmemorativas Roma - Constantinopla43 viewsAE3/4 Centenional 17 x 16 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "CONSTAN-TINOPOLI" - Busto de Constantinopla vistiendo yelmo laureado y con penacho de pluma y coraza bajo manto imperial. Con Cetro sobre su hombro izquierdo, viendo a Izquierda.
Rev: "ANEPIGRAFA" (Sin Leyenda) - Victoria de pié a izquierda sobre la proa de una galera, portando lanza en brazo derecho y escudo en izquierdo. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuñada 330 - 333 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R4

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Heraclea) #115 Pag.557 - Cohen Vol.VII #21 Pag.326 - DVM #2 Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8310.h. Pag.174 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3890
Centenional Graciano RIC IX Thessalonica 26c, type xv.jpg
A140-20 - Graciano (367 - 383 D.C.)43 viewsAE3 Centenional 18 x 17 mm 1.7 gr.
Hijo mayor y Co-Augusto de Valentiniano I

Anv: "DN GRATIANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "GLORIA RO-MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente avanzando a derecha, arrastrando por los pelos a un prisionero con el brazo derecho y portando un Labarum (Estandarte), con el signo Chi-Ro en su bandera, en su mano izquierda. "TES" en exergo y " * / B " en campo derecho.

Acuñada 367 - 375 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalonica (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Thessalonica) #26c Pag.178 tipo xv - Cohen Vol.VIII #23 Pag.129 - DVM #43 Pag.310 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9124.g. Pag.278 - Sear RCTV (1988) #4142
ENGLAND - CHARLES II43 viewsENGLAND - CHARLES II - (1660-1685) AR Half-Crown, 1676. Although worn, it is a scarcer variety, with retrograde "1" in the date. KM#438.1.dpaul7
CHINA - Southern Ming - Prince Yongming43 viewsCHINA - Southern Ming - Prince Yongming (1646-1659) 10 Cash. Obv.: Yong Li Tong Bao. Reverse: Yi Fen (1 fen [of silver]). 36 mm. Hartill #21.78.dpaul7
Maximian Coded KOY of Siscia RIC 58043 viewsIMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG (2); CONSERVATOR AVGG; Radiate head right; Maximian on left standing right holding scepter in left, Hercules on right standing left holding club in left, both sacrificing over altar between them; B in right field and XXIKOY in ex.cscoppa
Caligula | Vesta * Æ As - 37-41 AD.43 views
Caligula Gaius | Vesta, Copper As

Rev: Vesta seated left holding patera in right hand and scepter in left hand, semi-transverse resting on left shoulder: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 37-38 AD

Size: 26.90 grm.
Weight: 10.44 mm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: A well worn coin, far more pleasant to the eye in hand. A challenge to photograph for like impression.

BN, 54
RIC I, 38
Cohen, 27
Claude dupondius Lyon.jpg
Claudius. Dupondius43 viewsTI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR.P. IMP.; bare head left.
[CERES] AVGVSTA : Ceres seated left on throne, holding corn-ears and torch. S C.

Claudius faced violent protests in Rome when the citizens had difficulties to find enough corn. His propaganda insisted on his efforts to supply Rome with food. Hence the Ceres reverse.

1 commentsGinolerhino
claudius II aequitas comn.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 197 43 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.6 grams 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG.. Radiated and drapped bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
H in exergue
RIC V (1) 197 Antioch
from uncleaned lot 10/07
1 commentsJohnny
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, -/-//SPQR, Fortuna standing left,43 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, -/-//SPQR, Fortuna standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CLAVDIVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- FORTVNA-REDVX, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand, (Fortuna2).
exerg: -/-//SPQR, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 269 A.D., ref: T-0909 (Estiot), RIC V-I 233,
Claudius II Ric V-1 Milan 17143 viewsAE 19 mm 3.7 grams
OBV :: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG. Radiate and draped bust right, seen from rear
REV :: VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath raised in left hand, palm branch in right
EX :: S
REF :: Normanby hoard 1008 (RIC V-1, 171 Milan var - bust type)
RIC rated Rare
Purchased 04/2010
2 commentsJohnny
Brass Coal Shuttle43 viewsDate: Late 19th/early 20th century

This device was used to scoop coal easily. It has porcelain handles painted with a cobalt blue design.
1 commentsNoah
Constantine I RIC VII London 10, 313-315 AD.43 viewsConstantine I RIC VII London 10, 313-315 AD.
cuirassed bust right / SOL INV-IC-TO COMITI
Sol holding globe up, draped over left shoulder
S F in field, PLN in Ex. London mint Coin #21
1 commentscars100
012. Domitian 81-96 AD43 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
Mohammed IV .The date 1288AH is about AD 1871.43 viewsThis coin is from Morocco. a copper falus or its mutiple of Mohammed IV . the date 1288AH is about AD 1871.
Coin #435
Salonina, Vesta43 viewsAr Ant.; 3.04g ; 20-21mm

Diademed draped bust right on crescent

Vesta standing left, holding patera and sceptre

RIC 38; RSC 138
Faustina Junior, Philippopolis43 viewsThrace, Philippopolis

draped bust right

Artemis standing left holding corn ears & torch

AE25, 8.42g
Moushmov 5163, BMC 13
Prov. Harlan J. Berk
Thrace, Deultum Gordian III43 viewsThrace, Deultum

Gordian III 238-244 AD
Ae23 6.8gm

Laureate draped bust right

Temple with decorated roof in perspective; statue within between 4 columns. Raised hand, sceptre and probably calathos on head (serapis)
Commodus - sestertius43 viewsMCOMMODVS ANTONINVSAVG
TRP VIII IMP IIII COS III P P / S C - Annona standing left, holding statue of Concordia and cornucopia; modius to left with 5 grain ears, stern to right with 2 figures on deck and Victory on side.
181-182 AD
1 commentsGinolerhino
Commodus- Herkules.jpg
Commodus- Hercules43 viewsCommodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.

Laureate head right


M: Marcus
COMMODVS: Commodus
ANTON: Antoninus, Antoninus
AVG: Augustus,
PIVS: Pius,


TRP: Tribunicia Potestas,
IMP: Imperator,
VI: 6
COS: Consul,
PP: Pater Patria,

S—C: Senatus Consulto,

Showing: Hercules standing left, head at right and with clob and bow.

Domination: AS, Copper, size 25 mm
Mint: Rome

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.

John Schou
Commodus Fortuna43 viewsCommodus AE Sestertius. 188 AD, 30mm, 16.1g
OBV: M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P S C, FOR RED in ex, Fortuna seated left holding cornucopiae & rudder on a globe
RIC 513, Cohen 153, BMC 618, Sear 5 #5746
Commodus Sestertius Securitas43 viewsPhiloromaos
Siscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!43 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 181, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/chi-ro//*ASIS*, VICTORIA AVG, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTAN-S-PF-AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory advancing left, head right, holding a wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field.
exerg: -/Chi-Rho//*ASIS*, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 347 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 181, p-362,
conscamp com.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Antioch 6343 viewsAE 18 mm 3.4 grams
OBV :: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG.Laureate head right
REV :: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG. Campgate with 7 rows of blocks, 2 turret, star above and dot in dorway
EX :: SMANT Epsilon ( Antioch )
RIC VII Antioch 63
RIC rated R4
purchased 05/2008
Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia43 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Constance II 2.jpg
Constantius II - AE4 of Antioch (337-348)43 viewsD.N. CONSTANTIVS P.F. AVG.
VOT. / XX / MVLT. / XXX in wreath , exergue : SMANB (Antioch)
1 commentsGinolerhino
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25543 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
Siscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!43 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 90.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Nicomedia 9043 viewsAE3, 20mm, 2.50g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate with 2 turrets, 6 rows, no door, star above.

Exe: SMNB (Nicomedia, Officina 2).

RIC VII 90, 324-5, R1.
Constantine I.jpg
Constantine I SALVIS43 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage stg. l. holding fruitsTanit
Constantine the Great, (307-337)43 viewsConstantine the Great, Heraclea mint 317
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate & draped bust left, holding mappa in right hand & globe with scepter in left hand
Rev: PROVIDENTIA AVGG, campgate with three turrets, no door, MHTB in ex
constantinus I  Glor exer combined.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Heraclea 12643 viewsAE 17-18 mm 2.2g 330-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosetted diademed, Draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Glor-iaexerc-itvs . Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, two standards between them
EX :: SMHA ( Heraclea )
RIC VII Heraclea 126
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Follis, -/-//--, */CONSTAN/TINVS/CAESAR/SMANT-B/•, R5 !!!43 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Follis, -/-//--, */CONSTAN/TINVS/CAESAR/SMANT-B/•, R5 !!!
avers:- No legends , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, 7 B4l.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 1,87g, axis: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 324 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-059, p-687, 2nd-off, R5!!!,
constantius fel temp galley com.JPG
Constantius II43 viewsAE 17-18 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG. Pearled diadem draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding Victory on globe and labarum with Chi-Rho, Victory seated to left stearing ship from stern.
EX :: TESE ( Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 119
RIC rated Scarce
from uncleaned lot 11/2008
Constantius I Chlorus, AR Argenteus43 viewsThe coin is much better at hand than it looks on the picture; it has a marvellous golden patina.Optimus
Constantius II AD337-AD36143 viewsDie Axis 180 degrees

Antioch mint
7 commentsPaul D3
Laureate head right
Jupiter standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding Victory on globe & leaning on eagle-tipped scepter, eagle with wreath left, A to right
SMK in ex.
20 mm 3.6gm
Crispina (178 - 182 A.D.)43 viewsAR Denarius
O: CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
R: DIS GENITABILIS, lighted altar.
RSC 15

Apparently commemorating an altar dedicated by the empress in hope of or thanks for a blessing of fecundity from the dii genitales.
5 commentsMat
crispus vot v com.JPG
Crispus vot v TS delta I43 viewsAE 18-19mm 2.6 grams 320-321 AD
OBV :: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
REV :: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM . VOT V inscribed within wreath. Star in badge at the top of the wreath
EX :: TS delta VI (Thessalonica)
RIC VII Thessalonica 118
from uncleaned lot
RIC rated C1

** coin has an extremely brittle black patina that was falling off at the slightest touch. So I stopped the cleaning on it, and more than likely , will not be cleaning any further. This is as good as it's gonna get
Crispus VOT X43 viewsCrispus VOT X2 commentsScotvs Capitis
CYPRUS - Crusader Kingdom43 viewsCYPRUS - Crusader Kingdom, Janus I (1398-1432) billon Denier. Obv.: Rampant Cyprus Lion; +DE CHIPRE E D ERI Rev.: Jerusalem Cross, +IANVS ROI DE CH. Reference: MALLOY-122.dpaul7
PROVIDENTIAE AVGG-Cyzicus 57, eyes to the heavens43 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 328-9
CONSTAN TINVS AVG head with plain diadem, looking up to Heavens
PROVIDEN TIAE AVGG [In honor of the foresight of the Emperors]
campgate with two turrets and star above.
In exergue SMKB dot
RIC VII Cyzicus 57

rare because this bust with campgate reverse was only issued at Cyzicus.

"How deeply his soul was impressed by the power of divine faith may be understood from the circumstance that he directed his likeness to be stamped on the golden coin of the empire with eyes uplifted as in the posture of prayer to God: and this money became current throughout the Roman world." Eusebius (IV.15)
Czech Republic43 viewsKm2 - 20 Haleru - 1995
Km7 - 1 Koruna - 1994
Km8 - 5 Korun - 1994
Daniel Friedman
Fouree C. Servilius M.f. Denarius. 136 BC43 views Obv. Winged, helmeted head of Roma right, surmounted by head of an eagle, wreath & * behind, ROMA below Rev. the Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, C SERVEILI M F in ex. Syd 525, Cr239/1. 2 commentsSkyler
Pierre II de Bourbon, Duc de Bourbon (1488-1503), Blanc43 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ PETRVS : DVX : BORBONI : T : D (croissant) Ecu de Bourbon accosté de trois flammes dans un trilobe
+ DISPERSIT . DEDIT . PAVPERIB, Croix pattée cantonnée de deux lis et deux flammes dans un quadrilobe
2.43 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 20v
1 commentsPotator II
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Liard- 158243 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ L . P . [DOMBAR .] D . MONTISP . M, Grand L couronné.
+ DNS ADIVTOR . MEVS . 1582, croix florencee
0.78 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 50, PA # 5129v, Mantellier # 29v
Potator II
Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans (1650-1693), Demi ecu - 167343 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
AN . MA . LVD . PRIN . SVPRE . DOMBA, Buste drapé de 3/4 a droite
* DOMINVS (trefle) ADIVTOR . A . ET . REDE . MEVS 1673 Ecu d'Orleans couronné
13.19 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 224, PA # 5220, Boudeau # 1093
Potator II
Decentius RIC VIII 170 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Decentius, RIC X 7043 viewsDecentius
AE Centenionalis
Arelate Mint. 351-353 A.D.
17.6mm. 1.71g (small and light for issue)
Die alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN DECENTIVS CAESAR - Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right. "A" behind bust.
Rev: Two Victories facing each other, holding wreaths inscribed with VOT/V/MVL/X.
Exergue: FPAR
Ref: RIC VIII Arelate 170. Sear '64-3935var. VM 11b var.
Notes: Ex Forvm member (jbaran) coin
Britain, Caerleon, Isca Silurum, Wall Section43 viewsA section of interior wall found at Caerleon and decorated to attempt to illustrate how it may have looked.

Caerleon, (known as Isca Sulla to the Romans) was founded by Vespasian and was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta from about A.D. 75 to A.D. 300.
Denario COMODO RIC 205.jpg
37-03 - COMODO (177 - 192 D.C.)43 viewsAR Denario 17 x 15 mm 2.1 gr.

Anv: "M COMM ANT P FEL [AVG BRI]T P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "APOL MONET P M TR P XV - COS VI (En los campos)" - Apolo desnudo de pié de frente viendo a derecha, con su brazo derecho sobre su cabeza, apoyado su codo izquierdo sobre una columna y con sus piernas cruzadas.

Acuñada 190 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #205 Pag.389 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #5628 Pag.385 - BMCRE #275 - Cohen Vol.III #22 Pag.230 - RSC Vol. II #22 Pag.236 - MIR Vol.18 #793
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denario TRAJANO RIC 332.jpg
24-07 - TRAJANO (98 - 171 D.C.)43 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP [CAES] NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC" - Busto laureado, vestido y acorazado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PARTHICO P M TR PCOS VI P P SPQR" - Felicitas (La Felicidad) de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, sosteniendo caduceo en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuñada 114 - 117 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #329 Pag.267 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3141 Pag.102 - RSC Vol.II #191 Pag. 89 - BMCRE #626 - Cohen Vol.II #191 var Pag.39 - DVM #20/2 Pag.120 - St. Vol.I #251
31-01 - ANTONINO PIO ( 138 - 161 D.C.)43 viewsAR Denario 17 x 18 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P" - Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS IIII" - Dos manos entrelazadas sosteniendo un caduceo y dos espigas de trigo.

Acuñada 145/6 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #136 Pag.43 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #4078 Pag.212 - BMCRE #530 - Cohen Vol.II #344 Pag.304 - RSC Vol.II #344 Pag.175 - DVM #18/20 Pag.135 - UCR #722 - St. Vol.III #166
1 commentsmdelvalle
Denarius MENSOR.jpg
17-01 - LUCIUS FARSULEIUS MENSOR (75 A.C.)43 viewsAR Denarius 18 mm 2.6 gr ?
Anv: Busto con vestido, diadema, aro y collar de Libertas (Libertad) viendo a derecha - "S C" sobre "Pileus" (Gorro usado por los esclavos) detrás del busto.
Rev: Roma en biga avanzando a derecha, ayudando a un ciudadano con toga a subir al carruaje. Marca de control bajo los caballos. "L•FARSVLEI" en Exergo.
Esta moneda presumiblemente alude a la Lex Julia (90 A.C), que confería derechos de ciudadano a todos los italianos.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #329 Pag.134 - Craw RRC #392/1b - Syd CRR #789 -BMCRR #3293-3305 - RSC Vol.1 Farsuleia 2 Pag.47
Denarius N.BALBUS.jpg
15-01 - C. NAEVIUS BALBUS (79 A.C.)43 viewsAR Denarius Aserrado 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza con diadema de Venus viendo a derecha - "S C".
Rev: Victoria en triga cabalgando a derecha, "CXXXX" número de control sobre los caballos. "C·NAE·BALB·" (AB y AL en ligadura) en Exergo.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuña una triga (Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #309 Pag.130 - Craw RRC #382/1b - Syd CRR #769b -BMCRR #2926-76 - RSC Vol.1 Naevia 6 Pag.68
weight for hanging balance, possibly for tremissis 1/3 solidi43 views12mm tapered 3mm to 9mm. 1.14 gwileyc
Diocletian, 284 - 305 AD43 viewsObv: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Diocletian facing right.

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Diocletian, on left, standing right holding a parazonium facing Jupiter, standing left, who presents him with Victory on a globe, holding a scepter in his left hand; a crescent above Z in center; XXI in exergue.

Billon Antoninianus, Antioch mint, 285 AD, Double struck

3.6 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC Vii 325, VM 28 (var.)
SPQR Coins
Divo Claudio Gothico, Roma mint, R/CONSECRATIO eagle (Braithwell hoard)43 viewsDivus Claudius Gothicus (A.D.268-270), antoninianus, zecca di Roma
AE, 1.63 gr, 18 mm, qBB
D/ DIVO CLAVDIO, busto drappeggiato e radiato a dx
RIC 266; Braithwell Report #131 (5 esemplari nell' hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (23 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 22), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
Vespasian RIC II T035743 viewsVespasian, memorial under Titus. Rome Mint 80-81 A.D. (3.43 g., 17.4 mm). Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANUS, laureate head right. Rev: SC inscribed on shield supported by two capricorns, orb with crosshatching below. RIC T357, Sear RCV 2569, Ex David Hendin.4 commentsLucas H
Domitian RIC II 005643 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.32g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva adv. r. with spear and shield. RIC II 56 (R2), BMC 299, RSC 560a. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

A very early and scarce Domitian with PONT in the obverse. There are very few recorded specimens for this denarius, Rome, Reka Devina hoard, F.Gnecchi in Riv. Ital. 1896, and C. Clay collection. The Clay example is same dies as this specimen.
3 commentsLucas H
Domitian (as Caesar), 69 - 81 AD43 viewsObv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head of Domitian facing right.

Rev: CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears and a torch.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 76 - 78 AD

3.1 grams, 18.5 mm, 180°

RIC IIi Vespasian 976 (New Edition), RIC II Vespasian 248, RSC 30, S2636, VM 7
3 commentsSPQR Coins
Pompeii wall painting43 viewsAnother stunning painting from Pompeii. The colors seem like they were painted yesteday.Titus Pullo
Aigai43 viewsObverse: Apollo laureate right
Reverse: goat
SGCV II 4168
1 commentsCGPCGP
Netherlands 1745 Zeelandia - Silver Two Stuivers43 viewsZeelandia, Silver 2 Stuivers. Struck 1745.
Sometimes called a "New York Dime" Being one of the first currencies to be widely used in the New World.

obv: 2 S - Rampant Lion in water on coat of arms with crown atop.
rev: ZEE LAN DIA. .1745. - Castle Turret above, between two stars.

1 commentsrexesq
43 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Æ (17mm, 0.32 g).
Cirebon or Tegal area. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hànzì
Zeno 124661

The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
1 commentsArdatirion
Salonina, wife of Gallienus: Junos stag43 viewsSalonina, wife of Gallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop A.
Obeverse: [COR]SALONINAAVG, Salonina head right.
Reverse: IVNONICONSAVG, stag standing left. [A] below.

W=2.83g; D=21x23mm.
elagabalus ant2-.jpg
218 AD - ELAGABALUS antoninianus 43 viewsobv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: P M TR P COS P P (Roma seated left holding Victory and scepter, shield at her side)
ref: RIC IVii 1 (C), C.125 (3frcs.), S 2086
ex Numismatic LANZ
1 commentsberserker
Elagabalus, 218–22 CE 43 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 218–9 CE; 3.29g. BMCRE 15, C 32, RIC 71. Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed right. Rx: FIDES EXERCITVS Fides seated left holding eagle and standard, with a second standard before her.

Notes: First issue of the reign of Elagabalus (June 218–March 219).

Provenance: Ex Berk BBS 179 (March 2012), lot 315.
3 commentsMichael K5
Emisa S & P Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin218 - 222 AD 43 views22 7.7 gram Emisa
BMC 21 Elagabalus, AE of Emisa, Syria. AVT K M A ANTWNINOC (or similar), radiate head right / MHTRO K EMICWN HLIA (above), PYQIA (below) below, prize urn between two palms (eagle on left?). BMC 21; Mionnet S8, 166.

Antonivs Protti
1887 Sixpence43 viewsQueen Victoria
Jubilee Sixpence - old reverse style.
Euboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #143 viewsEuboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #1
avers:- Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled.
revers:- ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ , Nymph Histiaia seated right on galley, stern ornamented with shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13-14 mm, weight: 1,40g, axis: 1h,
mint: Euboia, Histiaia, date: 3rd. centuries B.C., ref: Sear-2498,
Euboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #243 viewsEuboia, Histiaia, AG One-fifth Teradrachm or Tetrobol, ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ, 3rd. centuries B.C., #2
avers:- Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled.
revers:- ΙΣΤΙΑΕΩΝ , Nymph Histiaia seated right on galley, stern ornamented with shield.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 1,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Euboia, Histiaia, date: 3rd. centuries B.C., ref: Sear-2498,
Roman Republic L Marcius Philippus fouree Denarius43 viewsObv: ANCVS
Diad. head of King Ancus Marcius r., litus behind

Rev: Aqua Marcia surmounted by equestrian statue r., AQVA MAR within arches (MAR in monogram) PHILIPPVS on l.

illegal mint 56 B.C. or after
19mm - 2.1g - 90deg
imitating Sear RCV 382

Ancient silver-plated counterfeit with numerous breaks in the silver plating and edge chips exposing the base metal core.
1 commentsTRPOT
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)43 viewsAR Denarius
O: DIVA FAUSTINA PIA, Draped bust right.
R: CONSECRATIO Pietas standing left, sacrificing from patera over a lighted altar and holding a sceptre.
RIC III 741 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 57-4/10' BMCRE 711 note; RSC 65

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds!
8 commentsMat
Faustina as Concordia.jpg
Faustina Junior, As43 viewsRIC 1627?
Rev: CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left.
E Pinniger
Faustina Junior, Juno43 viewsFAVSTINA AVGVSTA
draped bust right wearing stephane

Juno seated left, holding patera and sceptre; at her feet, peacock left, looking right

RIC 697
Faustina, Concorida43 viewsFAVSTINA-AVGVSTA
draped bust right

Concordia standing front, head left, holding patera and cornucopiae

RIC 335; RSC 151
wildwinds example
Ar Denarius;18mm;3.03g
1 commentsarizonarobin
RIC 749 MA43 viewsPosthumous denarius, 176-180
Bust r., veiled
Funeral pyre surmounted by biga.

3.43g, 19mm
1 commentsklausklage
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,43 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #243 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0362 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #2
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG_VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
1 commentsquadrans
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,43 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Krefeld Type, Germanic fibula, small Germanic fibula., Fibula #052,
This is the round head with three knobs type. Small fibula with half-round head with three knobs and chip-carved radiate design, straight narrow foot with lateral "caterpillar" ridges and usually animal head foot. A Krefeld type fibula. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
A small variant of this type. Note the animal head design of the foot. The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 32x21mm,
weight: 3,56g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: Krefeld type, Stanev,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths. Middle and lower Danube. Northern Serbia and northern Bulgaria. Ostrogothic, likely Theodoric's tribes.
Roman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057, 43 viewsRoman Plate, Geometric Plate, Complex shape Fibula #057,
type: Geometric Plate Fibula
size: 36x27mm,
date: A.D.,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula, Fibula #068, AE 43 viewsFibula #068, AE Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular brooch or ring buckle. Pin missing. Stops formed by raised studs. Decorated with engraved lines.
size: 63,5x56,5mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega Fibula, AR-Fibulae, #85,43 viewsFibula #085, AR Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular Silver brooch, Omega Fibula.
size: 27,5x30mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Zoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #15943 viewsZoomorphic Plate Fibula, Rabbit fibula, Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var., Fibula #159
size: 22x18mm,
weight: 3,25g,
date: 100-200, fl. 150-200 A.D.,
ref: Typology: Bojovic: Typ-28, Table-XXX/291var.,
distribution: ???,
Mn. Fonteius denar 85 BC43 viewsRepublican coinage1 commentstibsi67
Austria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,43 viewsAustria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,
avers:- Facing busts of bishop and duke side by side, above a wall. Above: star between small crosses, 3 balls between busts.
revers:- EBERHARDS EPS, Standing archbishop facing.
diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,80g, axis: 7h,
mint :Rann, mint mark: ,
date: A.D., ref: CNA Ck2. Probszt 23. Rare!
Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D43 viewsBronze follis, RIC VI 18b, VF, Heraclea mint, weight 10.085g, maximum diameter 26.6mm, die axis 180o, as Caesar 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopia, HTA in ex; nice round flan;

In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
Gallienus MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var.jpg
MARTI PACIFERO RIC 492var43 viewsAnt, 21mm, 3.05g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing L holding branch & shield.

Mediolanum, RIC 492 var, Common.

Variant reverse: Mars is standing rather than walking. This reverse is recorded from Rome.
Gallienus VICT GERMANICA RIC 44.jpg
VICT GERMANICA RIC V/1 4443 viewsAnt, 20x22mm, 3.20g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS PGF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VICT GERMANICA, Victory walking L, trampling captive.

Lugdunum, RIC V/1 44, Common

Double strike on reverse.
090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I ???, Göbl 1040g, Mediolanum, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax advancing left,43 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I ???, Göbl 1040g, Mediolanum, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax advancing left,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiate head left, slight drapery on both shoulders.
revers:- PAX-AVGVSTI, Pax advancing left, raising branch in right hand and holding scepter transverse in left. S in left field..
exerg: S/-//--, diameter: 22-25,5mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 5h,
mint: Mediolanum, date: -A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, p-, C-, Göbl 1040g "S in the left field in rev."
Gallienus AR antoninianus, 254-256 AD, Antioch43 viewsGallienus
AR antoninianus – 19mm
Antioch, 255-256 AD
radiate draped bust r.
Gallienus standing l. holding sceptre, presenting Victory to Valerian, standing r., holding globe and scepter
RIC Va Antioch 456
1 commentsArdatirion
Galerius Radiate fraction, RIC VI Alexandria 59b43 viewsAlexandria mint, Galerius Radiate fraction, 305-306 A.D. AE, 20/21mm 2.93g, RIC VI Alexandria 59b
O: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, Prince standing right in military dress, receiving small Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, leaning on sceptre left, B in center field

For those of you in my boat (Galerius? But it says IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG...that should be Maximian...shouldn't it??), it seems that these guys had a complicated ruling relationship. When Diocletian institued the Tetrarchy, Maximian was given the rule of the Western Empire which he ruled from 286-305. He was forced to abdicate (along with Diocletian) in 305, but somehow (I am sure if I read further it would be explained)...he de-abdicated himself in 306 to rule with his boy Maxentius until 308. He was once again forced to give up the purple, but I guess he couldnt sit still because in 310 he made one last play and got his butt kicked by Constantine I and was "forced to commit suicide".

Ex Bourne (FORVM: Mauseus)
A big thanks to Curtis Clay for pointing out my attribution problems! I really appreciate. For more info on the coinage oddities of the period, check out Doug Smith's writeup at:

1 commentscasata137ec
198-209 AD - Geta as Caesar - Moushmov 0519 - Snake Climbing Altar Reverse43 viewsCaesar: Geta (Caes. 198-209 AD)
Date: 198-209 AD
Condition: Fair
Size: AE16

Obverse: ??? ΓETAC K
Bust right; draped

Snake climbing up a tripod altar.

Mint: Markianopolis, Thrace
Moushmov 519
3.21g; 16.5mm; 195°
Ric-127 - Gordian III DIANA LVCIFERA43 viewsIMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Laureate and draped bust right
DIANA LVCIFERA - Diana, the moon-goddess, sister of Apollo, standing right, holding long, lighted torch

RIC-127(r) Cohen-69 Sear-2470
Gordian III Sestertius43 viewsÆ Sestertius

laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Mars advancing right, holding shield and spear. S C across field

243-244 AD



RIC IV 333; Hunter 149; Cohen 161.
Jay GT4
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left, 43 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-23, Trache, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG (AV ligate), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT, Artemis walking left with bow and arrow; dog behind her.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 6,19g, axis:7h,
mint: Trache, Deultum, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov-II.(engl.)-2551, p-221, (cites Jurukova 1981, 372), SNG Bulgaria, Deultum 963-964, which is Jurakova 318.
Gordianus III. antoninianus43 viewsCONCORDIA AVG
Antiochia mint
Gordianus III. antoninianus43 viewsCONCORDIA AVG
Antiochia mint
Zeugitania/Siculo-Punic (Carthage and other mints).43 viewsSear 6526, cf. SNG Copenhagen 151, cf. Müller 286, cf. Calciati III pg. 398, 21 lv 4, cf. Alexandropoulos 57x

AE unit, Sardinian mint, 18-20 mm., struck ca. 300 – 264 B.C.

Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain.

Rev: Head of horse right, uncertain symbol or Punic letter before.

Struck between the end of the Third Sicilian War (315–307 B.C.) and the beginning of the First Punic War (264-241 B.C.), and roughly during the time of the Pyrrhic War (280–275 B.C.).
Constantius II AR Light Miliarense43 viewsConstantius II AR Light Miliarense. Trier mint. 337 AD. FL IVL CONSTANTIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / CONSTANTIVS AVG, four standards facing. SMTR in ex. RIC 23


Ex. Münzen & Medaillen AG Basel 66 (1984), 864
Ex. Hess-Divo 2007
1 commentsTrajan
Hendin-648 / 1341 (01)43 viewsPontius Pilate - prutah (year 16 = 29AD)
1.93 grams
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0297, Rome, AR-Denarius, AEGYPTOS, Egypt reclining left,43 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0297, Rome, AR-Denarius, AEGYPTOS, Egypt reclining left,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:-AEGYPTOS, Egypt reclining left, holding sistrum, stork before.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 132 A.D., ref: RIC II 297, p-374, RSC 100b, BMC 805,
4 commentsquadrans
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0161, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma standing,43 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0161, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Roma standing,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:-COS-III, Roma standing, head left, holding Victory and spear.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 125-128 A.D., ref: RIC II 161, RSC-349, BMC-361,
2 commentsquadrans
02 - Hadrian Denarius 'Roma AD123'43 viewsHadrian
AR Denarius. 3.22 grams.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate head right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Roma seated on cuirass left, holding Victory and spear, shield behind.
1 commentsrexesq
Sear 839 - Follis - 611-612 AD (Year 2) - Cyzicus mint - 2nd officina43 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 611-612 AD (Year 2)
Condition: Fine/VF+
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: ]RCLI - PPERPVC
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass and helmet with plume and pendilia. In right hand, cross; on left shoulder, shield with horseman device.

Reverse: Large "M"; Above, cross; To left, /N/N/O; To right, II; Beneath, B.
Exergue: KYZ

Cyzicus mint, second officina
DO 168b; Sear 839
11.88g; 30.4mm; 195°
henry viib.jpg
ENGLAND - HENRY VII43 viewsHenry VII Hammered Silver Sovereign Penny. 1485-1509 Bishop Sherwood of Durham (D-S by Shield)dpaul7
Huszár 340, Unger 256C, Réthy I 36143 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR obulus, 9.5 mm.

Obv: Cross on crescent, crowned heads to the sides.

Rev: Panther facing right

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and with an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

Huszár rarity rating 10.

Huszár 841, Pohl 255-1, Unger 673m, Réthy II 306A, dated 1519 43 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGARI * 1519 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, who leased this mint from 1509-1516, when he withdrew and relocated to Augsburg (per Pohl), yet coins apparently continued to be struck with his mark through 1520.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-19, Unger 673o, Réthy II 306A, dated 1526 43 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–B (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Bernhard Beheim, who was appointed kammergraf by Queen Maria in 1524, and remained kammergraf through 1545 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-33, Unger 673ζ, Réthy II 306A, dated 1526 43 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS ◦ R ◦ VNGAR * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Visegrád and was a posthumous issue of Louis II (per Pohl). Louis II died on August 29, 1526 when he drowned while fleeing from the Turks after the carnage of the battle of Mohács.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 811, Pohl 253-4, Unger 646c, Réthy II 278A, dated 1513 43 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: WLADISLAI * R * VNGARIE * 1513 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: * PATRONA * – * VNGARIE *, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–G (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1503-1518 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Georg Thurzó, kammergraf, (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4/Pohl rarity rating 5.
ID 3.jpg
Maximian, 286-305 AD (As Augustus). AE Follis.43 viewsObv.Laureate, cuirassed bust of Maximian right. Legend: D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG
Rev.Genius standing left, wearing turreted crown, left shoulder and loins draped, holding patera and cornucopia, S—C in fields. Legend: GENIO-POP ROM
Mint: PLC
Reference: RIC VI 224 (1967)
Rarity: R
Year: 307 A.D.
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #0143 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-060, #01
avers:- border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,5 mm, weight: 0,37 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-060, CHN-1-149, Huszar-159,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0143 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #01
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,3 mm, weight: 0,24 g, axis:10h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #0243 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-068, #02
avers:- Cross in pattern of wedges and lines; border of dots.
revers:- Cufic ornaments; two crosses leaning on each other, line between the crosses with curving edges, crossed by two lines; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12 mm, weight: 0,34 g, axis:8h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-068, CHN-1-125, Huszar-145,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
3 commentsquadrans
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #0243 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-067, #02
avers:- Three lines with crosses at the ends and four crosses, two dots on each side; border of dots.
revers:- Cross with circles at the ends, dots in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,20 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-067, CHN-1-160, Huszar-180,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Chinese 'Knife' or money dagger43 viewsProbably 19th century judging from the coins and thread. Good work around the hilt though the point is a bit off

Caesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm 43 viewsCaesarea Maritima. Herennia Etruscilla, 249-251 AD Æ 27mm
Obv:bust in plait tiad up at back of head
REV:Roma nikophora seated to left on throne
Spain, Torralba d'en Salord43 viewsPlace: Torralba d'en Salord, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torralba d'en Salord is a prehistoric talaiotic settlement located on the island of Minorca between the towns of Mahon and Alayor. Chronologically, it lies between 1000 BC and the Roman conquest. Although it lasted until the Middle Ages.

The large T-shaped monument that is depicted in the photo is called a Taula, and it's probably a sanctuary. A U-shaped wall encloses the Taulas; these precincts are 3000 years old, but the age of its central monuments is unknown. This Taula measures 5 meters tall and it's the largest of its kind.
India Fanam43 viewsIndia Gold Fanam
9mm, 0.4gms
Coorg. H#1.09.01

"...Sometimes called "crocodile fanams"...reverse is actually a boar standing right."
1 commentsMat
Roman -Intaglo #011,43 viewsRoman -Intaglo #011,
size: 7x9mm,
weight: 0,46g,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
2 commentsquadrans
Ionia, Miletos, 1/24 stater43 viewsca. 600-550 BC
EL5, 0.41g
obv: lion’s head facing
rev: incuse punch
(SNG Kayhan 453; Klein 416)
ex CNG, dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
MOESIA, ISTROS AR DRACHM43 viewsMoesia, Istros AR Drachm.
4th Century BC.
Facing male heads, the left inverted / ISTPIH, sea-eagle left grasping dolphin with talons, AG monogram below dolphin.
BMC 246; SNG Munich 236; SNG Copenhagen 192; Pick AMNG 417.
20mm, 5.02g.

Ex Roma Numismatics LTD

The reverse shows a dolphin in the talons of Zeus’s eagle. This reverse type
is particularly significant, as the dolphin, long a symbol of the cult of Apollo
Delphinios ( Apollo was associated with dominion over colonists, and as
the patron defender of herds and flocks ), whose leaders were members
of the oligarchy, was now depicted under the influence of Zeus, whose
cult was ascendant under the democratic government, when he was
known as Zeus Eleutherios (Freedom).
So what we are seeing is the ousting of the ruling elite and the
beginnings of democracy in Istros.

1 commentsCurtis H
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar43 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- a bar.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- a bar43 viewsFOOD AND WINE SHOP Via dell'Abbondanza Pompeii
The thermopolium was a shop selling wine and warm food. At this busy corner on the Via dell'Abbondanza, the food was kept in terra-cotta pots sunk in the serving counter. It could be eaten at the shop or taken out.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel43 viewsSome of the most fascinating clues about the lives of the ancient peoples who made their lives in Pompeii can be found in the numerous brothels in the city. It is an indication of the prosperity of the city -- people had money to burn. Here is one example of the Pompeian "houses of ill repute". I chose this one because of its unusual architecture and fine frescoes.

Ancient Pompeii was full of erotic or pornographic frescoes, symbols, inscriptions, and even household items. The ancient Roman culture of the time was much more sexually permissive than most present-day cultures.

When the serious excavation of Pompeii began in the 18th century, a clash of the cultures was the result. A fresco on a wall that showed the ancient god of sex and fertility, Priapus with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster and only rediscovered because of rainfall in 1998.[1] In 1819, when king Francis I of Naples visited the exhibition at the National Museum with his wife and daughter, he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals." Re-opened, closed, re-opened again and then closed again for nearly 100 years, it was made briefly accessible again at the end of the 1960s (the time of the sexual revolution) and has finally been re-opened in the year 2000. Minors are not allowed entry to the once secret cabinet without a guardian or a written permission.As previously mentioned, some of the paintings and frescoes became immediately famous because they represented erotic, sometimes explicit, sexual scenes. One of the most curious buildings recovered was in fact a Lupanare (brothel), which had many erotic paintings and graffiti indicating the services available -- patrons only had to point to what they wanted. The Lupanare had 10 rooms (cubicula, 5 per floor), a balcony, and a latrina. It was one of the larger houses, perhaps the largest, but not the only brothel. The town seems to have been oriented to a warm consideration of sensual matters: on a wall of the Basilica (sort of a civil tribunal, thus frequented by many Roman tourists and travelers), an immortal inscription tells the foreigner, If anyone is looking for some tender love in this town, keep in mind that here all the girls are very friendly (loose translation).

The function of these pictures is not yet clear: some authors say that they indicate that the services of prostitutes were available on the upper floor of the house and could perhaps be a sort of advertising, while others prefer the hypothesis that their only purpose was to decorate the walls with joyful scenes (as these were in Roman culture). The Termae were, however, used in common by males and females, although baths in other areas (even within Pompeii) were often segregated by sex.

John Schou
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG43 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
Tye 14.1, Deyell 4543 viewsShahis (ca. 850-1,000 A.D.). AR jital, possibly Ohind mint, average silver content ca. 69%, average weight 3.3 g., 18 mm.

Obv: Recumbent bull facing left, trishula on its rump, Sri Samanta Deva, in Nagari script, above.

Rev: Horseman bearing lance facing right, Bhi above to left and Ma [?] above to right, both in Nagari script.

Tye rarity rating Abundant.

The history of the Shahi dynasties is almost unknown. The Hindu Shahi dynasty succeeded an earlier Buddhist Shahi dynasty, and was founded in 870 A.D. by Kallar, a Brahmin vazir to the last Buddhist king. The kingdom included portions of Kabulistan (the eastern territories of Greater Khorasan centered around Kabul, now in Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (now in northern Pakistan), with capitals at Kabul and Ohind (in Gandhara). They lost Kabul to the Saminids around 988 A.D. and lost Ohind to Mahmud of Ghazni around 988 A.D. The coins bearing the legend Sri Samanta Deva (= Lord Feudatory Chief) were issued further east and later (albeit, with overlap) than those bearing the legend Sri Spalapati Deva (= Lord Commander of the Army).
1 commentsStkp
German States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B.43 viewsGerman States, Hannover George V 1851 - 1866. AE 2 PFENNIGE, 1855 B. Crowned EAR monogram, V below / 2 PFENNIGE 1855, B below, struck in a ring. Mintmaster Theodore Wilhelm Bruel.

KM # 221
JÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,43 viewsJÓZSEF I. (Joseph I. Habsburg) (1705-1711A.D.) AR-Medal,
avers:- IOSEPH IM NAHMEN UND ERBRECHT DER ERSTE•, •I•K• behind the bust,
exerg: -/-//DEN 9 DEC •1687•, diameter: 34mm, weight:14,87g, axes:0h,
material: AR, mint: , artist: , date: A.D.,
Sultans of Juanpor43 viewsHussain Shah ibn Mahumd 863-905
AR19 (4.5mm thick)
Ref. Mitchiner 2896

Juive 2 Year2 67 AD.jpg
First revolt. Small bronze minted in 67 AD43 viewsHebrew legend , footed amphora
Hebrew legend, vine leaf.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Julia Mamaea~0.jpg
Julia Mamaea Sestertius43 viewsJulia Mamaea AE Sestertius. 231 AD. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right / IVNO AVGVSTAE, SC below, Juno seated left, holding a flower & a baby in swaddling clothes.

RIC 683 , Cohen 33.
2 commentsTanit
julianII AE1-.jpg
JULIAN II AE1 AD360-36343 viewsobv: D.N.FL.CL.IVLIANVS.PF.AVG (bearded, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right)
ref: SECVRITAS.REIPVB / PCONST (bull standing right, two stars above. In right field: eagle standing right on wreath, head up, holding wreath in beak)
rev: RIC VIII-Arles320 (R)
7.88g, 26mm
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Iustinianus-I. (527-565 A.D.), AE-Follis, (40 Nummia), SB 0158, Constantinopolis,43 viewsquadrans
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I43 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I (AD 527-565 ) AE 16 Nummi. Thessalonica mint. Obv: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG – Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: A in left field, I in center, SP to right; above: [Theta] EW . Exurge: TES = Thessalonica mint: Sear. Byzantine coins and their values., 186B, 5.44 g. dpaul7
BYZANTINE, Justin II 565-578 Nicomedia43 viewsObv: Emperor and Empress Enthroned, DNIVSTI-NVSPPAVG
Rev: Large M, Anno 5, Cross Above, Oficina A, NIKO in exergue
Sear 369
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #0143 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, crossleted cross in circle of dots with lines in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX (sometimes, Illegible legend), cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,2 mm, weight: 0,49 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-029, CHN-1-046, Huszar-038,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #0143 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-034-b, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, cross between two lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX, Illegible legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,0 mm, weight: 0,50 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-034-b, CHN-1-049, Huszar-041,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
Knidos Drachm43 viewsDrachm of Knidos, Caria
330-250 BC
OBV: Head of Aphrodite, right, wearing stephane, earring and necklace: border of dots.
REV: AYTOKΡΑΤΗΣ, Forepart of Lion, right. KNI mintmark below.
BMI Caria, Cnidus 40, p. 90; SNG Keckman 174-5. BMC 40.
XF, 2.74g 16mm

Ex: Consul Weber Collection (Hirsch XXI, 1908, #3134 p.216);
Ex: Jameson Collection #1537;
Ex: von Aulock Collection #2607;
Ex: Kirk Davis #F98;
Revue Numismatique, 6e se'rie - Tome 154, 1999, #112, p.71, plate VIII;
NFA XXIX (1992), 145;
MMAG, FPL 383, (1976), 12
2 commentsgoldenancients
Kyrenaica a.jpg
Kyrenaica Kyrene43 viewsObverse: Head of Zeus Ammon r.
Reverse: Silphion plant
Mint : Kyrene
Date : c.250 BC
Reference : SNG Cop 1276
Weight : 15.81g
Denom: AE 24
Syria, Seleukis and Pieria. Laodicea ad Mare. Æ1443 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Owl standing right, head facing.
1st century BC. Æ14, 2.5 g.
1 commentsancientone
Syria, Seleucis and Pieria. Laodikeia. Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus43 viewsSyria, Seleukis & Pieria. Laodikeia. Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. 161-169 AD.
Æ 25mm (11.27 gm). Laureate and cuirassed bust of Aurelius right / Laureate head of
Verus right. BMC Galatia, etc. -; cf. SNG Copenhagen 355
1 commentsancientone
0621 Focas, 602-61043 viewsAV solidus, 21.1mm, 4.4g, Nice VF
Struck at Constantinople 609-610
dNN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger. CON OB in exg, N inner right field.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 621; DO 11c.3
Lawrence Woolslayer
unpublished Julia Maesa AE23 from Alexandria Troas43 viewsIulia Maesa AE23, 218-222 AD, Alexandria Troas.
Obv: IVLIA MAESA AV, draped bust right.
Rev: COL ALEX / AVG, wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus.
22-23 mm, 5.37 g
Bellinger -, SNG Leypold -, SNG Aul. -, SNG Cop. -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb. -, Lindgren -
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo AE4 457-474 Nicomedia (NIC)43 viewsObv: Indistinct Legend
Rev: Emperor with Long Cross and Captive
RIC X 707
King Levon IV, 1320 - 1342 AD43 viewsAR Takvorin

Obverse: +ԼԵՒՈՆ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ, equestrian king holding sceptre to the right. Ո and փ in left field.
Reverse: +ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ՔԱՂԱՔՆ Ի ՍԻ, crowned lion walking right, patriarchal cross, dot behind.

Weight: 2.23 grams
Diametre: 20 x 19.5 mm
Die axis: 220 degrees

Reference: Bedoukian 1977 - 90

Provenance: Purchased from "Forum Ancient Coins" in 2007, coin # 81123
1 commentsMasis
Licinius I AE3 318-320 AD43 viewsLicinius I AE3.
laureate, draped bust left holding eagle-tipped sceptre & mappa
campgate, 3 turrets, 6 layers, no star above, no doors; Right field: dot
Mintmark: SMHA
Ref.: RIC VII Heraclea 29
Rarity: R2
Lion 243 viewsMiletos Ionia SNG COP 952Ghengis_Jon
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0143 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01quadrans
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0243 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #02quadrans
Lucania Thourioi 443-400 b.c. Ar Stater43 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Athena with attic helmet right
Rev/ ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ - Charging bull right, fish right in exergue
SNG Cop 1405; SGCV 435; SNG ANS 900; ALFA Thu370
19 mm; 7,7 g
Purchased from Numismatica Luca Brumurelli - Selvazzano Dentro (Pd), Italy
2 commentsTaras
Lydia, Sardeis, Athena/Temple, AE2043 views20mm, 4.38g
obv: EΠI TI KΛA ΦIΛINOY CTPA; helmeted bust of Thena (or Roma) left
rev: EΠ [MAPΧEΛΛOV TO B?]; CAPΔIANΩN; quadristyle temple

SNG Leypold -; cf. SNG Aulock 3137 (bust right)
1 commentsareich
Lysimachus Posthujous Tetradrachm43 viewsCurrently unattributed.2 commentscliff_marsland
43 viewsMacedon. Acanthus. Late 5th Century – 348 BC. AR Tetrobol (2.16 gm).
Obverse: Forepart of bull running left, head reverted
Reverse: Quadripartite incuse with granular surface.
Ex: Freeman and Sear Fixed Price List 10, lot 152
7 commentspaul1888
Maiorina Arcadio RIC IX Heraclea 12 A.jpg
A147-15 - Arcadio (383 - 408 D.C.)43 viewsAE2 Maiorina 23 x 22 mm 5.1 gr.
Hijo mayor de Teodosio I y Aelia Flaccila, Co-augusto de su padre y su sucesor al mando de las provincias orientales.

Anv: "DN ARCADI - VS PF AVG " - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, portando lanza y escudo, viendo a derecha. Sobre su cabeza una mano sostiene una corona de laureles.
Rev: "GLORIA RO - MANORVM" - Emperador vestido militarmente de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando labarum (estandarte militar con signo Chi-Ro en su bandera) en mano derecha y descansando la izquierda en su escudo. A su izquierda un prisionero sentado a izquierda viendo a derecha. "SMHA" en exergo.

Acuñada 383 - 387 D.C.
Ceca: Heraclea (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.X (Heraclea) #12 Pag.195 - DVM #24 Pag.325 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9313.c. Pag.295 - Sabatier #29
C. Poblicius Malleolus, Crawford 282/343 viewsC. Poblicius Malleolus, gens Poblicia
AR - denarius serratus, 19.5mm, 3.8g
Narbo 118 BC (Crawford)
obv. C.MA - L - L - E.C.F
Head of Roma, with decorated and winged helmet, r.
X behind
rev. Nude Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), driving biga r., hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx.
below L.LIC.CN.DOM.
Crawford 282/3; Sydenham 524; RCV 158; Poblicia 1
about VF

Lucius Licinius Crassus, & Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
The reverse commemorates the victory of L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and their ally Bituitus, king of the Averni. It is one of the very few issues of the Roman Republic struck outside of Rome, this issue was struck in the newly founded city of Narbo in Gaul. These coins, minted by a number of moneyers at this time (and bearing their names) were important in establishing the republican chronology.
M. ANTONIUS Legionary Denarius, RSC 2743 viewsOBV: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
REV: LEG XI, eagle between standards
3.1g, 16mm

Minted at Patrae, 32-31 BC
3 commentsLegatus
400-350 BC - Maroneia, Thrace - Sear 1636 - Horse Obverse - Vine in Square Reverse43 viewsMaroneia, Thrace
Date: ca. 400-350 BC
Condition: Fair
Size: AE17

Obverse: Horse prancing right; NK monogram beneath.

Reverse: MAPΩNITΩN around three sides of linear square containing vine; YE monogram beneath.

Sear 1636; BMC Thrace, pg. 129, #65;
SNG Cop, Thrace, #628-633
3.35g; 17.0mm; 135°
Phoenicia, Marathos, Duyrat 318 (D1/R2)43 viewsPhoenicia, Marathos, Year 130 (130/129 BC) AE, 21mm 7.70g,
Duyrat 318 (D1/R2)
O: Laureate head of Zeus right
R: Filleted double cornucopia; date to right, Phoenician lettering to left and below
6 commentscasata137ec
Israel, Masada - Walls and Roman Seige Ramp in side view43 viewsLloyd
1307a, Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.43 viewsBronze follis, RIC 163, aEF, Rome mint, 5.712g, 25.6mm, 0o, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in ex; rare. Ex FORVM; Ex Maridvnvm

De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maxentius (306-312 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian, Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, although there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politically astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started using the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Large Follis of Maximianus Herculius43 viewsRIC VI 55b (or similar) Ticinium Mint 305 AD
r: FIDES MILITUM / Fides seated left w/ two standards
ex. TT with dot in right
2 commentsdaverino
285-305 AD - MAXIMIANUS AE antoninianus43 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG (radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right)
rev: PAX AVGG (Minerva standing left, olive branch upward in right hand, spear in left and resting left hand on shield), star on left field, A in ex.
ref: RIC Vii 404v, Cohen 427 (3frcs)
mint: Lugdunum, struck AD 292-293
3.61 gms, 22 mm
1 commentsberserker
43 viewsMaximinus I - Sestertius - 236/238
Ob.: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVS AVGVSTI S C; Salus seated left, feeding from patera a serpent arising from altar.
gs. 18,6 mm 34
Cohen 92, RIC IV 85
1 commentsMaxentius
Middlesex 83743 viewsObv: NOTED ADVOCATES FOR THE RIGHTS OF MEN 1796, three men hanging on a gibbet.


Edge: Plain

Thomas Spence, Halfpenny Conder token

Dalton & Hamer: Middlesex 837
SPQR Coins
Nero Aureus43 viewsRIC 59, C 313 Aureus
Obv: NEROCAESARAVGVSTVS - Laureate head right.
Rev: No legend Exe: SALVS - Salus seated left, holding patera.
1 commentsanthivs
Bohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)43 viewsBohemia. Wladislaus II (1471-1516)

Castelin __, Fiala/Donebauer 947, cf. Saurma 407/182

AR pragergroschen, 32 mm., Kutná Hora mint.

Obv: + DEI x/x GRATIA + REX x/x BOEmIE / + WLADISLAUS SECVnDVS, crown in center.

Rev: + * GROSSI * PRAGENSIS, crown double-tailed lion facing left.

The groschen of Prague (pragergroschen) were first minted in July 1300 during the reign of Wenceslas II (1278-1305), following the discovery of exceptionally rich silver deposits at Kutná Hora in 1298. It was struck, with the design essentials unchanged for roughly 250 years. The pragergroschen played the same role in central Europe that was played by the denier tournois further west. Its preeminence in Germany postponed the appearance of native groschen over much of the region for over 150 years.

The coinage was debased under Wencelsas IV (1378-1419), and none were minted during the reigns of Sigismund (1420-37), Albert (1437-39) and Ladislas Postumus (1453-57). When minting was revived toward the end of the reign of George Podĕbrad (1458-71), they were struck to a much lower standard, having a fineness of only 10 lot (625/1000) and a silver content of 1.69 gr., which was barely half that of the original pragergoschen of Wenceslas II. It was then reckoned 24 instead of 12 to the ducat, and fell further when it was debased (to a weight of around 1.25 gr.) toward the end of the reign of Wladislaus II.
Monaco43 viewsKM111 - 1 Franc - 1924
KM131 - 20 Francs - 1951
Daniel F
moneta 294.jpg
Maximinus II, Antioch - RIC VI 16243 viewsMaximinus II Follis
obv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG. Laureate head right
rev: GENIO AVGVSTI. Genius standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
right field: B
left field: *
exergue: ANT
Struck 311-312 A.D. at Antioch
RIC VI 162
Van Meter 10
moneta 295.jpg
Gordian III, Rome43 viewsAntoninianus
obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: P M TR P V COS II P P. Gordian, dressed in military dress, standing right, holding spear and globe.
Struck 242-243 A.D. at Rome
1 commentsJericho
moneta 323.jpg
Constantius II, Constantinople - RIC VIII 8443 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diad., dr. & cuir. bust left, holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Constantius II standing left, holding standard with chi-ro in right hand, shield in left, two captives standing at his feet.
exergue: CONSA (or last letter H?)
Struck 326-361 A.D. at Constantinople
Van Meter 87
moneta 425.jpg
Constantius II, Constantinople - RIC VIII 8243 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG. Diadamed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horsemen, who reaches back.
left field: gamma
exergue: CONS delta *
Struck 348-351 A.D. at Constantinople
Van Meter 90
moneta 445.jpg
Elagabalus Provincial, Nikopolis AE2943 viewsobv: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: Nike advancing left, holding wreath, looking right.
Struck 218-222 A.D. at Nikopolis under Legate Novius Rufus
2 commentsJericho
moneta 504.jpg
Crispus, Siscia - RIC VII 18143 viewsCrispus AE3
obv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C. Laureate head right.
rev: CAESARVM NOSTRORVM VOT X. VOT X enclosed in laurel wreath.
exergue: ASIS sun
Struck 321-324 A.D. at Siscia
RIC VII 181 (scarce)
moneta 515b.jpg
Caracalla Provincial, Nicaea, AE2843 viewsobv: Laureate bust right
rev: Serapis standing facing, head left, raising right hand, holding sceptre in left.
Struck 196-217 A.D. at Nicaea
1 commentsJericho
moneta 559.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Siscia - RIC VIII 35143 viewsConstantius Gallus AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back
Struck 351-354 A.D. at Siscia
moneta 592.jpg
Galerius Follis, Thessalonica43 viewsobv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Laureate bust right.
rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Genius standing left, chlamys over shoulder, holding cornucopiae and patera, from which liquid flows.
exergue: dot TSA dot
Struck 300-301 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VI 22b
moneta 678.jpg
Galerius, Cyzicus - RIC VI 19b43 viewsGalerius Post-Reform Radiate
obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Prince standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, leaning on scepter.
center field: KA
Struck 295-299 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VI 19b
moneta 731 smaller.jpg
Constantine I, Nicomedia - RIC VII 2343 viewsAE3
obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG. Draped bust left, holding mappa in left hand, globe and sceptre in right
rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG. Jupiter, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on sceptre, holding Victory on globe, palm below.
left field: palm
right field: S
exergue: SMN
Struck 317-320 A.D. in Nicomedia
RIC VII 23 (R2)
Myrina AR Tetradrachm43 viewsMyrina -- AR tetradrachm Laureate head of Apollo right / Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch and phiale; omphalos and amphora at feet, monogram to left. Sacks Issue 46, 98f/2 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen -. From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Coin Galleries (23 March 1971), lot 46.featherz
Mysia AE15 Athena Owl smaller.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon AE1543 viewsobv: Head of Athena right
rev: Owl on palm branch, wings spread
Struck 2nd-1st Century BC
SG 3963
PARTHIA/PERSIA, Nezak Kings of Kabul: Napki Malka (630-711) AR Drachm43 viewsNezak Kings of Kabul: Napki Malka (630-711) AR Drachm (MACW-1510)

Obv: Bust of "Napki" type with winged headress surmounted by a Bull's head. Control marks behind head. Pehlvi legend - "NAPKI MaLKa"
Rev: Normal fire altar and attendants design. Control marks behind each attendant·
1 commentsSpongeBob
Nerva new.jpg
Nerva, AR Denarius43 views1 commentsOptimus
new lydia com.JPG
Silandus, Lydia, early 3rd Century A.D.43 views AE 15 mm 2.5 grams early 3rd Century A.D.
OBV :: CILAN-DOC, turreted bust of city-goddess right
REV :: CILANDEWN, crescent and two stars
EX :: none
minted in Silandus
BMC Lydia p. 280, 14,
Graded VF
ex-Forvm ancient coins
purchased 05/2008
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 26. Elagabal, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)43 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 17, 3.3g, 16.98mm, 45°
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Bunch of grapes hanging at a twig with two tandrils
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 2034
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3824
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
about VF/VZ

One of the most beautiful bunch of grapes I have ever seen!
4 commentsJochen
Not ID.jpg
Punic 3 shekels43 views3 shekels - Utica. Circa 1st Century BC. Æ 28mm (16.75 gm). Jugate busts of the Dioskouri right. Above, two stars / Two horses standing right; Punic '>TG' above.

Mazard 341; SNG 428.
2 commentsTanit
Kamnaskires-Orodes, AE Dachm43 viewsKamnaskires-Orodes, Early-mid 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing, hair in thick and curly tufts on the side of the head. Pellet and crescent above an anchor, with a double cross bar, to the right.
Rev: Draped full-face bust of Belos, with horns on forehead and lateral tufts of hair. Circular legend around.

Weight: 3.3 grams

van't Haaff 12.2.1-1B
de Morgan 48
Sear GIC 5907
Alram 482ff
BMC 28 267 64ff (listed under Orodes II)
Howard Cole
Otho Denarius43 viewsDenarius, March - April 69 (Rome)
Obv: IMPOTHOCAESARAVGTRP - Bare head right.
Rev: PONTMAX - Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopia.

1 commentsanthivs
OTHO Denarius RIC 17, Victory43 viewsOBV: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right
REV: VICTORIA OTHONIS, Victory standing left on globe, wreath extended in right, palm frond in left
3.179 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180 degrees
very rare (RIC R3)
Minted at Rome, Jan-Feb 69 A.D
Ex Forum
1 commentsLegatus
Parthian Empire, Mithradates II, c. 123 - 88 B.C.43 viewsSilver drachm; SGCV 7372, (Selwood 28.3); Weight 4.1gr., Max Diameter 20.38 mm. Obv: long-bearded, cuir. bust l. wearing tiara with six-point star, circular border of pellets, Rev: beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; no border; five-line Greek inscription = ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ. Slightly toned, concave from the rev. side hard strike.

Background info;
Mithradates II was the eighth and one of the greatest Parthian kings. He defeated all Seleukid attempts to reclaim their Eastern territories and made Parthia a formidable, unified empire. He adopted the title Epiphanes, "god manifest". He made contact with Rome and introduced new designs on his extensive coinage. Late in his reign he exerted influence in Armenia, taking as hostage a prince who would become Tigranes the Great of Armenia. --

Steve E
Macedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #243 viewsMacedonia, Pella, (168-158 B.C.), AE-19, SNG Cop 266, ΠΕΛΛ-ΗΣ, Bull grazing right, #2
Avers:- Helmeted head of Athena right,
Revers: - ΠΕΛΛ above and -ΗΣ below, bull grazing right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19 mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Macedonia, Pella, date: 168-158 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 266, Moushmov 6453; BMC 76.,
pergamon ae18 BK.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon - 2nd-1st cent. BC - AE1843 viewsAE18 6.80g
obv: Head of Athena right, in crested helm
rev: Trophy of arms, (A)THENAS - NIKEPHOROU either side. Pergamon monogram to lower right, monogram between trophy and text to left
SG3960v(monogram), SNG Cop 393-5v(monogram).
Dealer's note: Unusual in that the monogram is to the left
Mysia, Pergamon AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm43 viewsCista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Bow-case with serpents, PER monogram to left, FI above, snake-entwined staff to right.
Kleiner 50, 76-67 BC.
Perinthos AE2643 viewsPerinthos pseudo-autonomous AE26, imperial times.
Obv: Bearded head of Herakles left.
Rev: ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN, Zeus on throne left, holding sceptre and patera, eagle at feet.
Ø 26 mm, 10.41 g.
Schönert, Perinth 116
2 commentsPscipio
Philippus II. antoninianus43 viewsSAECVLVM NOVVM
Antiochia mint
3 commentsTibsi
BCC rgp15 (BCC 16)43 viewsRoman Provincial
Philip II 247-249CE
AVG laur. draped bust rt.
Wreath encl. image of Mt. Ger-
azim, colonade, and stairs to
temple. Eagle below, hd. lt.
AE29mm. 17.9g. Axis :180
Harl's obv. die A19 (with M)
rev.die P7? die break.
1 commentsv-drome
Goat - Philip II Antoninianus. A.D.24843 viewsObverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II facing right, seen from behind.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG. Goat walking left; in exergue, III (officina 3).
RIC IV iii : 224

This coin is one of a series of coins struck by Philip I and Philip II in A.D.248 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of Rome. Many of these coins depict the various animals, brought from all over the Empire, which were displayed in the arena during the games celebrating this event.
Philip II.43 viewsKingdom of Macedon. Philip II AR Tetradrachm. Pella, circa 336-328 BC. Struck under Alexander III. Laureate head of Zeus right / Nude youth on horseback right, holding palm in right hand and reins in left; ΦIΛIΠΠOY around, wreath below. Le Rider 387. 14.31g.Auer
43 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
Philip I - Wolf and twins43 viewsIMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Wolf left, suckling Romulus and Remus, II ex.
RIC 14, C 178
Rome, 248 AD
Gordian III AEQVITAS AVG43 viewsGordian III, AR antoninianus, 238-39 A.D, Antioch.
OBV: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
1 commentsancientcoins
Constantine I the Great Posthumous Commemorative 43 views AE4
Mint: Cyzicus;DATE: 347-348 AD
Obv: DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, Veiled bust right.
Rev: Veiled emperor standing right, VN / MR across field.
Exergue: SMKB
Size:17X15mm; ? gms
Ref: RIC VIII 46
9 commentsbrian l
Postumus DIANAE LVCIFERAE RIC V/2 29943 viewsAnt, 20mm, 4.11g.

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: DIANAE LVCIFERAE, Diana walking R with torch and quiver.

Trier, Officina B, Issue 4.

RIC v/2 299, Common.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Postumus43 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Pax walking left

Antoninianus struck 263 -265 in TRIER, 3° emission
C.220 - RIC.78 - Elmer 333 - Cunetio 2405 - AGK.51
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #143 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 726, Rome (Siscia), PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Bust-F, -/-//XXIA, Providentia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopiae; at foot, globe.
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 2,94g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome (Siscia), Pink attributes this coin to the first emission of Rome, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 726, p-,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 888, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding left,43 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 888, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated.
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exe: -/-//KAB, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 4,40g, axis: 11h,
mint: Serdica-4th-emiss, date: 277-or-280-281 A.D., ref: RIC-888, p-114,
1 commentsquadrans
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,43 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 747, Siscia, SALVS AVG, Bust-F, -/VII//XXI, Salus standing right, 43 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 747, Siscia, SALVS AVG, Bust-F, -/VII//XXI, Salus standing right,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent rising from altar.
exerg: -/VII//XXI, diameter: 19,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,60g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, 7th emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 747, p-97, Alf: 65, No-53,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #143 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 165, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R*Δ, Emperor riding left, #1
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(F)
revers:- A-DVENT-V-S-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R*Δ, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 278 A.D., 3rd. emission, ref: RIC-V-II 165, p-35,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #143 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #1
avers:- PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- ROMAE-AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 187, p-37,
Mysia, Pitane, Roma / Telesphorus, AE1443 views14mm, 1.61g
2nd century BC
obv: helmeted bust of Roma right
rev: ΠITANAIΩN; Telesphoros standing facing
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1843 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
Quietus RIC, 9 var.43 viewsQuietus, AD 260-261
AE - Antoninian, 2.57g, 23.4mm
Antiochia AD 261
bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
Roma helmeted, seated l. on shield, holding Victory in r. and spear in l. hand
exergue: 2 dots
RIC V/2, 9 var., not recorded; C.11; Göbl 1379f
R2!; VF, attractive sandy green patina
ex Salem coll.
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

RIC 9 has listed ex. with 2 dots only with star in left field!
431/1 A. Plautius 43 viewsA. Plautius. Republic: AR Denarius. Hendin 1443. BACCHIVS, IVDAEVS, kneeling figure facing right with palm branch in left hand, camel behind. A PLAVTIVS AED CVR S C, turreted head facing right.

Very worn, but I enjoy the historic significance of this coin. I understand this may be the first coin depicting Roman involvement in Judaea.
1 commentsLucas H
RI 049a img.jpg
049 - Faustina Snr. Denarius - RIC 35943 viewsObv:– DIVA FAVSTINA , Draped Bust head right
Rev:– CERES, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears and torch
Reference RIC 359
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13343 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
RI 107p img.jpg
107 - Gallienus Antoninianus - RIC 64943 viewsObv:– GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding shield and spear
Minted in Antioch
Reference:– RIC 649, Gobl 1632i (1 example)
Weight 3.4g
Size 22mm
RI 132ar img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 359 - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (SXXT)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS SEC, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
Minted in Ticinum (SXXT in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 359 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132do img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 028 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (III)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns
Mint – Lugdunum (III) Emission 2, Officina 3, 2nd Phase. November to December A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 256. Bastien 168. RIC 28 Bust type F.
RI 132eb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIS)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIS in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132fk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 818 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIVI)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing enemy. Crawling enemy facing down
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. Late A.D. 277
Reference:– Cohen 913. Alföldi type 98, n° 34. RIC 818 Bust type H
RI 132jn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (None)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (None) Emission 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132jp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 734 - Bust Type A (Siscia) (* / XXI•B•)43 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Female standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre
Minted in Siscia (* in centre field, XXI•B• in exe) Emission 8 Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 734 Bust type A
RI 132kd img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 437 var. - Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from rear (Ticinum) (QXXT)43 viewsObv:–VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum (QXXT) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 437 var. Radiate, cuirassed bust left, with spear and shield, seen from behind (Not listed in RIC with this bust type)
RI 137b img.jpg
137 - Carinus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 21243 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in right field)
Reference:– Cohen 8. Bastien 533. RIC 212 Bust type C
RI 152g img.jpg
152 - Maxentius - RIC VI Ostia 035 (double strike)43 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, Laureate Bust right
Rev:– AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux
Minted in Ostia (MOSTP in exe. ) between Late A.D. 309 and October A.D. 312
References:– RIC VI Ostia 35 (C2)

Not great quality but a great example of a double strike on both sides.
RI 157e img.jpg
157 - Licinius II - RIC Alexandria 02543 viewsObv:– D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, Laureate bust left, draped, holding orb and scepter and mappa
Rev:– IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left, holding globe and scepter
Minted in Alexandria (Crescent in left field, B in right field, SMAL in exe.) in A.D. 317-320

Not in great condition but a scarce coin.
References:– RIC Alexandria 25 (R2)

RI 160aa img.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Cyzicus 077b43 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIO AVGVSTI CMH, Genius standing left
Minted in Cyzicus (MKVA), Mid A.D. 311.
Reference:– RIC VI 77b

RI 160aj img~0.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 31043 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310
RIC 0155 Titus43 viewsObv : IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, Laureate head left
Rev : PAX AVGVST / S - C in field; Pax standing left, holding cornucopia and olive branch
AE/Sestertius (34.21 mm 26.56 G 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 155 (C), BMCRE 171-173
Ex Artemide Aste Auction XXXV Lot 136
5 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Philip Arab43 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Philip I+II seated left on platform, soldiers, Liberalitas, citizen
RIC 183 (without SC) 8,69g 24,5mm

Information from Curtis Clay:

Vaillant (1674) reports both a sestertius and a middle bronze of this type, LIBERALITAS AVGG S C, the sestertius in a private collection, the As allegedly in the French royal collection.

However, there seems to have been no such middle bronze in the Paris collection by Cohen's day. Cohen 84-5 reports the sestertius from Vaillant, and an As not from Paris, but from the stock of the coin dealer Rollin.

The same As reported by Cohen 85 was also described in Rollin & Feuardent's stock catalogue of the 1880s, no. 5365. It was in Fine condition, which probably means VF by today's standards, so it should provide a reliable description of the type and legend.

AVGG in the legend is odd. One would expect AVGG II, assuming identity with the emperors' known second largesse of 245 AD.

II could be lacking on the dupondius offerred to you, but the condition is not good enough to make the reading very certain!

There is of course no reason why a dupondius of the type should not exist. I have never seen any coin of the type, sestertius, As, or dupondius. Unfortunately I don't have any dupondii from the same obv. die but a different rev. type in my rather small collection of casts of Philip I's middle bronzes.

Anyway I see no reason to doubt the authenticity of the coin, and it is welcome as providing the first physical confirmation of the reverse type described by Vailllant and Rollin & Feuardent.

Thanks to Curtis Clay
Radiate and draped bust right / as CAESAR
Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
RIC 214 4,31g Viminacium
1 commentsPriscus
RIC 0392 Domitianus43 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0564 Domitianus43 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANICVS, Laureate head right
Rev: COS XIIII, across field, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius (20.78 mm 3.39 g 6h) Struck in Rome 88 A.D. (2nd group)
RIC 564 (R2) - RSC 68
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC 0388 Iulia Titi43 viewsObv: IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F, Draped and diademed right; hair in long plait
Rev: VENVS AVGVST, Venus standing right, leaning on column, with helmet and spear
AR/Denarius (19.38 mm 3.28 g 6h) Struck in Rome 80-81 A D
RIC 788 (C2, Titus) RSC 14, BMCRE 141, BNF 106
ex Inasta Auction 53 lot 375
7 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
038 - Nerva denarius - RIC II 843 viewsObv:– IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right
Rev:– IVSTITIA AVGVST, Justitia seated half-right, holding sceptre and branch
Minted in Rome, A.D. 97
Reference:– BMC 44. RIC II 18. RSC 101.

Good style. Decent surfaces.
5 commentsmaridvnvm
2243 viewsAllectus 293-6
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and anchor(?)
London mint
RIC 22
Lampsacus43 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
202cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
28743 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
RIC 287
1 commentsmauseus
314-5cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Hlmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear & shield
Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 314-5)
Thrace43 viewsAE 25 mm
Augusta Trajana, Thrace
BMC -; Moushmov 3135
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Victory standing right inscribing shield VO XX
Mint 2 (Cologne), Issue 2
Cunetio 2469
"Suffolk" hoard
1 commentsmauseus
THESSALY, KRANNON43 views18 mm 5.03 g
ca. 400-344 BC

Marcus Aurelius Sestertius43 views179-180 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXIIII - Laureate head right.
Rev.: VIRTVS AVG IMP X COS III P P S-C - Virtus seated r., holding spear and parazonium.
RIC 1249.
2 commentsMinos
Lucius Verus Sestertius43 views163-164 AD. Rome mint.
Obv.: L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS - Laureate head of Lucius Verus.
Rev.: REX ARMENIIS DATVS IMP II TR P IIII COS II S-C - Verus seated l. on platform; behind him two soldiers; in front, officer standing r., holding rod; below, Sohaemus raising r. hand to his head.
RIC 1374.
1 commentsMinos
Tiberius AE22 RPC 72443 viewsAE 22 of UTICA in Zeugitana.
Obv: TI CAE DIVI AVG F AVG IMP VII ; Bare head of Tiberius l.
REv: M MVN IVL VTICEN P P D P ; Livia, veiled, holding patera and scepter, seated r.

RPC 724.
2 commentsTanit
Roman Republic, 140 BC, Valeria 43 viewsAR Denarius (3.7g, 19mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck 140 BC, Monneyer: C.Valerius C.f.Flaccus
obv.: X behind helmeted head of Roma, facing right
rev.: FLAC above, C·VAL·C·F below, (ROMA in ex.) Victory galloping in biga to the right.
Seaby (RSC I.) Valeria 7.
Charles S
RSC1a Plautilla~0.JPG
bC3. RSC 1. AR Denarius. Concordia Avgg.43 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped bust right PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA

Rev. Concordia standing left holding patera and sceptre CONCORDIA AVG.

1 commentsLordBest
L. Rubrius Dossenus (87 B.C.)43 viewsAR Denarius
O: DOSSEN, Head of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN behind and below
R: L ·RVBRI, Triumphal quadriga right, thunderbolt on side-panel, small Victory on top holding wreath, L ·RVBRI in ex.
Sear 258; Crawford 348/1 RSC Rubria 1 SRCV 258

Ex. Harlan J. Berk
3 commentsMat
CONCORDIA MILITVM43 viewsConstantius II AE Centenionalis. 350 AD. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind bust, * before / CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing facing, head left, star above, holding two Chi-Rho standards. A in left field, ·ASIS* in ex. 1 commentsecoli
Sabina Augusta - CONCORDIA AVG43 viewsAR Denarius, Rome Mint
Obv: SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left elbow on statuette of Spes, cornucopia under seat
3.216g, 19.2mm
RIC Hadrian 398, RSC 12, BMC 895
(Fire Damaged)
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 024, Rome, PVDICITIA, Q, Pudicitia standing left,43 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Anto ninianus, RIC V-I 024, Rome, PVDICITIA, Q, Pudicitia standing left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- PVDICITIA, Q right field, Pudicitia standing left, raising veil and holding sceptre (transvers).
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5 mm, weight: 2,29 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-024, p-194, C-92, Göbl-292,
Salonina, Perge, Elpis, AE30 43 views30mm, 17.2g
obv: KORNHΛIA CAΛONINA CEBA; draped bust with crescent and stephane right, I (mark of value=10) to right
rev: ΠEPΓAIΩN; Elpis to left, flower in raised right, gathering skirts with left hand

SNG Copenhagen 365; SNG PfPS 447

(updated picture, CLICK for a sharper version)
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous43 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
MYSIE - CYZIQUE 43 viewsHémiobole, Groupe 1, 480-450 avant J.C.
Avers :
Anépigraphe. Protomé de sanglier bondissant à gauche.
Revers :
Anépigraphe. Tête de lion, la geule béante dans un carré creux ; au dessus étoile à 4 rais (milet?)

Références : Bmc 119. Gc 3850. Aulock 1213. SNG France 5386. Delepierre 2516
(VIe - Ve siècle avant J.-C.)
Cyzique, colonie de Milet fondée au VIIIe siècle avant J.-C., est située au bord la Propontide sur l'île d'Arktonnesos. Sa situation politique et économique était prépondérante entre le Pont-Euxin et la Mer Égée en contrôlant la Propontide au débouché de l'Hellespont. Le monnayage débuta à la fin du VIIe siècle avant J.-C. Un important monnayage d'électrum fut frappé entre 600 et 330 avant J.-C. avec le thon comme symbole.
590-628 Khosrow II - dirham from Hormizd-Ardashir (Iran)43 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants.
2 commentsGinolerhino
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196643 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.

During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Billion trachy lg module, Hendy type J SB 203043 viewsObverse: Full lengthe figure of Archangel (Michael?) nimbate, wearing short miltary tunic, breast plate. in r. hand jewelled scepter and in l. gl cr.
Reverse: Full length figure of Emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys holds in right hand sword resting on shoulder and in l. gl cr.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1228-60 CE
Sear 2030 H. 26.7-9. Type J attributed mostly to Baldwin de Courtenai by Malloy et al
21mm 1.47gm
Orodes I (Sellwood's Unknown King)43 viewstetradrachm, 90 - 77 BC
Sellwood 30.2
3 commentsRobert L3
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Neptune standing left,43 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 241, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Neptune standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-III-P-P, Neptune standing left, holding trident dolphin, foot on globe.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5 mm, weight: 2,95 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 210 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-241, p-, C-542,
Septimius Severus Liberalitas43 viewsSeptimius Severus AR Denarius, 193 - 211 AD, Rome, struck 209 AD, 2.5g, 18.59g
Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev: LIBERLITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing facing, head left, holding abacus and cornucopia
RIC IVi, 278D, page 126, RSC 298, SEAR RCV II (2002), #6306, page 461
Thracia, Serdika, 18. Caracalla, HrJ viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 19, 3.52g
struck AD 207-217
bust, laureate, r.
Infant Herakles, chubby, kneeling r., r. hand raised, with l. hand resting on
ground, strangling two snakes entwining his arms
Ruzicka 391 (1 ex., Glasgow); Hristova/Jekov No.; Varbanov 153 var. (diff. obv. legend)
Rare, about VF, oliv-green patina

This coin obviously resembles a motiv of a series of rare tetradrachms which were struck 405/4 BC to celebrate an alliance (synmachikon) of some cities of Western Asia Minor. Karwiese, NC 1980, has made a good case for it having taken place, when the cities threw off Athenian domination with the help of the Spartan Lysander. Lysander then was celebrated as Herakliskos Drakonopnigon, 'Herakles the snake-strangler'.

For more information look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
1 commentsJochen
62 - 10 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)43 viewsÆ Sestercio (27mm - 17.39 g)

Anv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG - Busto laureado con coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) a derecha, visto por detrás
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P, S-C - Emperador estante a izq. levantando su mano der., portando cetro en izquierda. Dos estandartes militares delante y uno detrás.

Acuñada: 236 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC IVb #33 Pag.143 - BMCRE #80 - Cohen IV #58 Pag.511 - SRCV III #8336 var. Pag.82 -

ROMAN EMPIRE, Hostilan, Rome mint, struck 251 AD, AE Sestertius43 viewsIMP CAE C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS AVG laureate-headed and draped bust dright
SECVRITAS AVGG, S-C Securitas leaning on a column
RIC 225, Cohen 60 (30 Fr.)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina II, Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, AE Sestertius43 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,43 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,
avers:-IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:-PROVIDEN-TIA-AVG, Providentia standing facing, head left, holding anchor and grain ears over modius.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-252, p-_C-508a,
1 commentsquadrans
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #143 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Serdica, RIC-VI 013aA, AE-1, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, -/A//•SM•SD•, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- FL-VAL-SEVERVS-NOB-CAESAR, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-L-I-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exerg: -/A//•SM•SD•, diameter:26-27,5mm, weight: 9,68g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, date: 305-306A.D., ref: RIC VI-13aA, p-495, Sear 14633,
Severus Alexander, Markianopolis, eagle, governor Iulius Festus, AE2743 viewsSeverus Alexander, 222-235
AE27, 8.9g
obv: AVT K M AVP CEVNP[] AΛEZANDPOC, laureate head right
rev: VΠ TIBIC VΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT, ΩN in exergue, eagle standing facing, head left, wreath in beak
AMNG 1019
1 commentsareich
Severus Alexander Providentia Sestertius43 viewsSeverus Alexander (222-235)
30mm, 20,8g
obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust
right, drapery on left shoulder,
rev.: PROVIDENTIA AVG, S-C across field, Providentia
standing front, holding cornucopiae in left and 3 corn ears over modius in right,
ref.: RIC 642, C. 503 var., BMC 883
Schjöth 1417, Hartill 17.5-6 (Type E), KM 30543 viewsShunzhi (1644-1661)

1 cash, 1660-1661, Jiangsu Province (Jiangning mint), 28 mm

Cast Bronze (officially 70% copper and 30% zinc, but actually on average 64.9% copper, 23.8 % zinc, 7.7% lead, 2.3 % tin, etc.), nominal weight 1.4 qian = 5.22 grams.

Obv: Shunzhi tongbao

Rev: Ning (in Manchurian) to the left and Ning (in Chinese) to the right.

Hartill rarity 8
Side, Pamphylia AE2043 viewsAE 20, Side, Pamphylia.
Head of Athena right, in crested Corinthian helmet

ΣΙΔΗΤΩΝ, Nike advancing left, holding wreath; pomegranate to left

SNG Cop 408, BMC 66.
Adrian S
Peloponnesus. Sikyon AR Stater (obverse)43 viewsCirca 431-400 B.C. 12.27g. BCD-189, BM-22. Obverse. Chimaera walking left. SE below. Extremely beautiful stater. Ex Berk 179th 2012 Auction, lot 131. Mint State.Jason T
Sikyon Hemidrachm 100-60 B.C.43 viewsSikyon, 100-60 BC, Hemidrachm


Dove flying right

Large "S" "OLYM / PI-A / DAS" around all within an incuse square

Pozzi/Boutin 4082v (AR not AE)

Ex Aegean
78086 files on 157 page(s) 34