FORVM's Classical Numismatics Gallery
For Classical Numismatics Discussion Board Members


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Samaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus AE2741 viewsSamaria, Neapolis. Trebonianus Gallus. 251-253 C.E. AE 27 mm (14.93 g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / Eagle standing facing, supporting on wings Mt. Gerazim surmounted by temple and altar; stairway leading to temple, colonnade at base of mountain, star and crescent to right and left of temple. Rosenberger III p. 23, 113 (same obverse die); cf. Price and Trell 782; Meshorer -; SNG ANS 1035 (same obverse die)ancientone
Néron as.jpg
Nero - As41 viewsIMP. NERO CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC.; laureate bust right.
Rev.: PACE P.R. VBIQ. PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (He brought everywhere the Peace of the Roman People, then closed the temple of Janus). The themle of Janus with its doors closed at last. S C.

I like this coin... I bought it in Tunis, covered with dirt (the coin, not me). Took me 2 hours of discussion with the dealer before we agreed on the price.
Nero | Victory * Æ As, 54-68 AD.41 views
Nero | Victory * Copper As

Obv: Laureate head right: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Rev: Victory standing left holding oval shield inscribed, SPQR: S-C.

Exergue: None

Mint: Rome
Struck: 65 AD.

Size: 27.335
Weight: 10.07 grm.
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Well worn all over, but with still vivid images and a lovely medium chocolate patina.

RIC I, 312
WCN 285, 290
Cohen 288
BN 399
Bithynia, Nikaia, Geta, Rec.Gen. 51541 viewsGeta AD 198-209
AE 15, 2.31g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. NIK - AIEWN
Nike, in short chiton over long chiton, advancing r., holding wreath in raised r.
hand and long palm (or trophy?) over l. shoulder
Rec.Gen., p. 463, 515 & pl. LXXX, #21 (Thanks to Lawrence Woolslayer!)
F+/about VF, black-green patina

Nike here wears as hair-do a so-called lampadion often seen on the gold stateres of Alexander III.
1 commentsJochen
Bithynia, Nikomedia, Plautilla, Rec.Gen. 25341 viewsPlautilla, AD 202-211, wife of Caracalla
AE 21, 3.17g
Bust, draped, r.
Skylla advancing l. over waves, holding rudder over her shoulder and dolphin
in outstretched r. hand
Rec.Gen. 253
extremely rare, good F, green patina

For more information see the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 12.12g, 27.10mm, 225°
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
laureate head r.
Athena, helmeted, wearing peplos over long chiton, standing facing, head r.,
holding transversed spear in r. hand and leaning with r. hand on shield set on
small column.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1568 (1 ex., München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3128 (obv. from same die, but cites in error AMNG 1568 under #3129)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
Rare, F+/about VF, nice green patina
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 18. Caracalla, HrHJ (2013) (plate coin)41 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 30, 15.8g, 29.81mm, 225°
struck under legate Aurelius Gallus
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Asklepios, in himation, drapery over l. arm, stg. frontal, head l., leaning on
serpent-staff l.
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
very rare, about VF

Die fault on the bottom of rev. legend of the Pi of VPA and some smoothing (Curtis Clay)
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 23. Macrinus, HrHJ (2013) #1 (plate coin)41 viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 27, 11.16g, 26.64mm, 0°
struck under governor Marcus Claudius Agrippa
bust, laureate, r.
Homonoia, in long clothes and with kalathos, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l.
arm and in outstretched re hand patera
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1704 (2 ex., Berlin, Paris)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3334 (cites AMNG 1704, but describes AMNG 1705)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
rare, about VF, deep black-green patina
Portrait of Nilus41 viewsPtolemaic Bronze ca. 180BC - Ptolemy V - VI
Svoronos 1378 (K control letter in eagle's legs)
Rare type with expressive portrait of Nilus rather than typical Ptolemaic Zeus.
AE20 5.98gm 11h
Part of scarce series of coins with 'K' control letter, 5 sizes each with different designs.
Few specimens known in books, museum collections.
Some thought that the K might represent Kleopatra I, mother of Ptolemy VI. Exact date unknown but likely ca. 190-170BC. Apparently the only Ptolemaic bronze type with a representation of the 'River God', Nilus.
Nummus Valentiniano II RIC IX Siscia 39aA.jpg
A141-25 - Valentiniano II (375 - 392 D.C.)41 viewsAE4 Nummus 13 mm 1.0 gr.
Hijo de Valentiniano I, Augusto jr. de Occidente con su Padre y Graciano su medio hermano hasta 383 D.C. y luego Augusto Sr. hasta 392 D.C.

Anv: "DN VALENTINI - ANVS P F AVG" - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTOR – IA AVGGG" - Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando una corona/guirnalda en mano derecha y hoja de palma en mano izquierda que apoya sobre su hombro izquierdo. "ASIS" en exergo.

Acuńada 388 - 392 D.C.
Ceca: Siscia (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.IX (Siscia) #39a Pag.155 - Cohen Vol.VIII #45 Pag.144 - DVM #49 Pag.312 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #9184.f. Pag.284
1 commentsmdelvalle
Octavian Sestertius41 viewsOCTAVIAN, with DIVUS JULIUS CAESAR. 38 BC.
Ć Sestertius
Obv: CAESAR before, DIVI F behind, bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard
Rev: DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind, head of Divus Julius Caesar right, wearing wreath.
Crawford 535/1; RPC I 620; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; BMCRR Gaul 106; Cohen 3 (Julius Caesar)
Otacilia Severa (244 - 249 A.D.)41 viewsAR Antoninianus
247 A.D.
O: M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right set on crescent.
R: CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right, cornucopia in left, altar at feet.
SRCV III 9149, RIC IV 126, RSC IV 17
4 commentsMat
Openwork-Belt-decoration #0141 viewsOpenwork-Belt-decoration #01
size: 34mm,
weight: 11,35g,
date: ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"41 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
BCC 39X41 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Denarius
Otho Caesar Augustus 69 CE
Bare head right
Securitas standing left, holding wreath and scepter
17.5mm 3.11gm. Axis: 180
RIC 10?
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King41 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Crowned lion right, looking backward. Rev.: Eagle over vine. Luschin #69a.dpaul7
L Papius Denarius Serratus, 79 BC41 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right, wearing goatskin, symbol behind
Gryphon dancing right, symbol below, ex. L PAPI
Syd 773, Cr384/1, Papia 1
This coin has been identified as a cast fake that has emerged in the last year.
pergamon ae18 BK.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon - 2nd-1st cent. BC - AE1841 viewsAE18 6.80g
obv: Head of Athena right, in crested helm
rev: Trophy of arms, (A)THENAS - NIKEPHOROU either side. Pergamon monogram to lower right, monogram between trophy and text to left
SG3960v(monogram), SNG Cop 393-5v(monogram).
Dealer's note: Unusual in that the monogram is to the left
Mysia, Pergamon AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm41 viewsCista mystica with serpent; all within ivy wreath.
Bow-case with serpents, PER monogram to left, FI above, snake-entwined staff to right.
Kleiner 50, 76-67 BC.
Perinthos AE2641 viewsPerinthos pseudo-autonomous AE26, imperial times.
Obv: Bearded head of Herakles left.
Rev: ΠEPIN-ΘIΩN, Zeus on throne left, holding sceptre and patera, eagle at feet.
Ř 26 mm, 10.41 g.
Schönert, Perinth 116
2 commentsPscipio
Philip I41 viewsPhilippus I. Antoninianus, 247-249 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards; the second from right, a legionary eagle.
20-22 mm, 2.93 g
RIC IV, Part 3, 62
Philippus II. antoninianus41 viewsSAECVLVM NOVVM
Antiochia mint
3 commentsTibsi
Philippus I. Arabs antoninianus * UNIQUE *41 viewsObv.: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG / PM
unknown mint
1 commentsTibsi
Philip II tetradrachm, Amphipolis41 viewsKINGS of MACEDON. Philip II. 359-336 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Amphipolis mint. Struck around 315-294 BC. Laureate head of Zeus right / FILIPP-OU, youth on horseback right, holding palm; L and torch below horse, dolphin under raised foreleg. Le Rider pl. 48, 1; SNG ANS 807.1 commentsmarandnumiz
Phoenicia, Tyre. Caracalla. A.D. 198-217. BI tetradrachm (26 mm, 14.40 g, 6 h).41 viewsPhoenicia, Tyre. Caracalla. A.D. 198-217. BI tetradrachm (26 mm, 14.40 g, 6 h). Cos. 4 (A.D. 213-217). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right / Eagle standing facing, wings displayed, head left, holding wreath in beak; between legs, murex shell. Prieur 1551. 1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Claudius II Gothicus FORTVNAE RED41 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, 268-270 A.D., Milan mint.
OBV: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: FORTVNAE RED, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, S in exergue.
Probus SALVS AVG41 viewsProbus, 281 A.D., Ticinum mint.
OBV: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
REV: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms. V in left field, TXXI in exergue.

Part of the EQVITI series of Ticinum.
Gallienus IOVI STATORI41 viewsGallienus, 263 A.D., Antioch.
OBV: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left holding scepter and thunderbolt, star in right field.
1 commentsancientcoins
Gallienus AE Antoninianus41 viewsGallienus AE Antoninianus. Rome mint.

Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse: SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right.

Officina letter A in exergue,

RIC V-2 283. Cohen 979.
M. Plaetorius Cestianus, Crawford 409/141 viewsRoman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, gens Plaetoria
AR - denarius, 18.52mm, 3.86g
Rome, 67 BC
obv. Bust of a winged goddess, r., wearing crested helmet, lotus-blossom and grain-ears on forehead, bow and quiver over r. shoulder, cornucopiae under chin
behind CESTIANVS, before S.C
rev. in ex. M PLAE, then TORIVS F AED CVR
Eagle with spread wings stg. r. on thunderbolt, head turned l.
Crawford 409/1, Sydenham 809; BMCRR 3596; Plaetoria 4
VF, toned
ex. M&M AG Auktion 38, Basel 6./7.12.1968, coll. August Voirol, Lot 181
Plaetorius Cestianus was a friend of Cicero.

The goddess on the obv. often is called Vacuna in error. But actually she is an unknown goddess with the attributes of Isis, Ceres, Minerva, Diana and Victoria.
For more information please look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
Pompeii wall painting41 viewsAnother stunning painting in Pompeii.Titus Pullo
Poseidon-Amphipolis41 viewsGreek, Amphipolis AE20. 168-149 BC. Head of Poseidon right in tainia / Club within oak-wreath, monograms above and below. BMC 23.
Postumus double denarius, 259-263 AD.JPG
Postumus antoninianus, 259-268 AD41 viewsPostumus, AD 260-268
AR - antoninianus, 15mm
Treveri mint; 3rd emission, 1st phase; AD 263-265
radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia
RIC V 75; Mairat 65
Postumus41 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
Pax walking left

Antoninianus struck 263 -265 in TRIER, 3° emission
C.220 - RIC.78 - Elmer 333 - Cunetio 2405 - AGK.51
Postumus AE Double Sestertius41 viewsObv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: LAETITIA AVG - Galley with four rowers on waves to right.
Date: 261 AD
Ref: RIC 143
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Short hair, double diadem.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1
de Morgan 58
Sear GIC 5918
BMC 28 284 1
Mitchiner ACW 721-22
Howard Cole
Prince A41 viewsPrince A, Late 2nd to early 3rd Centuries A.D. , AE Drachm

Obv: Bust of Prince left, wearing a long beard divided into two points. Small tufts of hair on top of head and side of head. Anchor in field to left of bust.
Rev: Artemis, standing, holding a bow in her left hand and taking an arrow from a quiver with her right hand.

van't Haaff 19.1.1-1A?
de Morgan 59
Sear GIC 5919
BMC 28 286 22
Howard Cole
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,41 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 922, Antioch, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-C, A//XXI, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back. (C),
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exerg: A//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Antioch, 2nd emission "dotless series" 1st officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 922, p-120,
Ptolemy II - obol Weiser 1741 viewsPtolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BC). AE obol. Alexandria mint, ca 269-268 BC; 19.09g; obv. Laureate head of Zeus-Ammon right; rev. Eagle standing left on winged thunderbolt; monogram & shield to left, tiny monogram between legs. SNG Cop. 119, Svoronos 553, Weiser 17.

Ex A. Reich's collection
2 commentsBartosz Awianowicz
Punic Carthage41 viewsShekel - 220-215 B.C. - cARTHAGE
23 mm - 7.74 g
Obv: Head of Tanit to the left.
Rev: Standing horse to the right, diverting the head. In front of, Punic letter.

M. 205
Alexandropoulos 88b

1 commentsTanit
Punique 3.jpg
Punic AE 1841 viewsHead of Tanit left, wearing necklace
Head of horse right
18 mm
1 commentsGinolerhino
P. Crepusius – Crepusia-141 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC P. Crepusius AR denarius (17mm, 3.88g). 82 B.C. Rome mint. Head of Apollo, sceptre behind shoulder, bird before / P CREPVSI. Horseman right, brandishing spear. Control Number CLXXXVIIII above left. Crawford 361/1c, RSC1 Crepusia 1, Sydenham 738a, SRCV 2831 commentsBud Stewart
389-369 BC 41 viewsAmyntas III

Obverse:Head of Herakles wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΑΜΥΝΤΑ; Eagle right, serpent in its claws, bending down to devour it.

15.70mm 3.63gm

Sear 1512
RI 064cm img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AE Sestertius - RIC 68841 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V, Laureate head right
Rev:– [P M TR P III] COS II PP / S C, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Rome, A.D. 195
References:– RIC 688 (Scarce)
RI 068p img.jpg
068 - Geta Ae AS - RIC 175a41 viewsAe AS
Obv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder & cornucopia, wheel under chair, S C in ex
References:– RIC 175a
RI 071h img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 138 (2e)41 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– SALVS ANTONINI AVG, Salus standing right feeding serpent held in her arms
References:– VM 12, RIC 138 (2e) (Common), RCV02 7498, RSC 254
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13341 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
RI 087a img~0.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 07041 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ROMA AETERNAE, Rome in military dress, seated facing left, on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Rome, A.D. 240
Reference:– Van Meter 48, RIC 70, RSC 314
Weight 4.43 gms
Dimensions 22.96mm
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ed img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 810 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIS)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars advancing right, holding a trophy and spear
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 810 Bust type H. Not listed in Alföldi with wide ties from this officina, cf. Alföldi type 96, n° 188 (wide ties)
RI 132fy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 816 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (_ | P / XXI)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; sometimes at foot, one or two captives
Minted in Siscia (P in right field, XXI in exe.) Emission 7, Officina 1. A.D. 280.
Reference:– RIC 816 Bust type H
RI 132gk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIP)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIP in exe) Emission 3 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
RI 132ja img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm
RI 146az img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 458 Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right41 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules, standing right, with club thrown behind him
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks). Emission 5. Officina 3. Autumn A.D. 287 – Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen 647. Bastien Volume VII 218. RIC V Pt. 2 458 (S)
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Cracalla (Aged.10)41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 26a, RSC 599, BMC 114, VF, 3.67g, 17.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery1 commentsowellber
VICTORIAE BRIT - Septimius Severus41 viewsLimes Denarius, 210 ? (2.48gm)
RIC IVi.335, RCV.6385
O: Laureate head right.
R: Victory seated left on shield (or shields), resting another shield on right knee and holding palm in left.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
Paul DiMarzio
RIC 0392 Domitianus41 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius, 19.94 mm 3.26 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 85 A.D. (6th issue)
RIC 392 (R2) - unlisted in other main reference books
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
138 - Magnia Urbica, Antoninianus - RIC V Pt 2 343 - (Rome)41 viewsObv:– MAGN VRBICA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane
Rev:– VENVS V-I_CTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet
Minted in Rome (//KAS). A.D. 283-285
Reference:– RIC V Pt 2 343. Cohen 17.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
1034cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Mars walking right with trophy over shoulder and spear
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 1034)
Roman lead seal41 viewsRoman lead seal with laureate head left above dolphin, both between two confronted laureate heads; below, an additional laureate head facing right and a second dolphin. 1 commentsmauseus
Lampsacus41 viewsJulius Caesar
AE 22 mm
Parium or Lampsacus
Banti & Simonetti I no.204 (Parium)
RPC I 2269 (Lampsacus)

Countermarked C cornucopia P on obverse
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
202cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 202)
1 commentsmauseus
314-5cf41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Hlmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear & shield
Pax stg left with vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
RIC - (cf 314-5)
70741 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Carausius on horseback left, captive under foot
Unmarked mint
RIC 707
712bis41 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (712 bis)
1 commentsmauseus
(VI) 1441 viewsConstantius I
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
Lugdunum 7941 viewsAntoninianus
Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Fides standing left with two standards
Lugdunum, -/-//III
RIC 79
2 commentsmauseus
117a41 viewsSabina
AE 20mm
Perinthus in Thrace
Demeter standing left
BMC -; Moushmov 4453; Varbanov 3764
22241 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-35 AD
AE sestertius
Laur bust right (slight drapery on left shoulder?)
Sol standing left holding whip
Rome mint
RIC 525b
1 commentsmauseus
141 viewsObverse
VI over G
Crowned 1641
Roman Republic - Anonymous Issue of 115 - 114 BC - Roma seated on sheilds and helmet, she wolf before.41 viewsRoman Republic
Anonymous Issue Silver Denarius.
Rome Mint, 115 - 114 BC.

obv: Head of Roma right wearing Corinthian Helmet pushed up.

rev: Roma seated on a pile of shields holding spear, helmet below. She-wolf and twins before. Flying birds in both fields.

Weight: 3.35g - 20.59mm

Syd. 530.
6 commentsrexesq
708a, Otho41 viewsOtho (69 A.D.)
John Donahue
College of William and Mary

In January 69 Otho led a successful coup to overthrow the emperor Galba. Upon advancing to the throne, he hoped to conciliate his adversaries and restore political stability to the Empire. These ambitions were never to be realized. Instead, our sources portray a leader never fully able to win political confidence at Rome or to overcome military anarchy abroad. As a result, he was defeated in battle by the forces of Vitellius, his successor, and took his own life at the conclusion of the conflict. His principate lasted only eight weeks.
Early Life and Career
Marcus Salvius Otho was born at Ferentium on 28 April 32 A. D. His grandfather, also named Marcus Salvius Otho, was a senator who did not advance beyond the rank of praetor. Lucius Otho, his father, was consul in 33 and a trusted administrator under the emperors Tiberius, Gaius and Claudius. His mother, Albia Terentia, was likely to have been nobly born as well. The cognomen "Otho" was Etruscan in origin, and the fact that it can be traced to three successive generations of this family perhaps reflects a desire to maintain a part of the Etruscan tradition that formed the family's background.
Otho is recorded as being extravagant and wild as a youth - a favorite pastime involved roving about at night to snare drunkards in a blanket. Such behavior earned floggings from his father, whose frequent absences from home on imperial business suggest little in the way of a stabilizing parental influence in Otho's formative years. These traits apparently persisted: Suetonius records that Otho and Nero became close friends because of the similarity of their characters; and Plutarch relates that the young man was so extravagant that he sometimes chided Nero about his meanness, and even outdid the emperor in reckless spending.
Most intriguing in this context is Otho's involvement with Nero's mistress, Poppaea Sabina, the greatest beauty of her day. A relationship between the two is widely cited in the ancient sources, but the story differs in essential details from one account to the next. As a result, it is impossible to establish who seduced whom, whether Otho ever married Poppaea, and whether his posting to Lusitania by Nero should be understood as a "banishment" for his part in this affair. About the only reliable detail to emerge is that Otho did indeed become governor of Lusitania in 59, and that he assumed the post as a quaestor, a rank below that of praetor or consul, the minimum usually required for the office. From here he would launch his initial thrust towards the imperial throne.
Overthrow of Galba
Nero's suicide in June 68 marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and opened up the principate to the prerogatives of the military beyond Rome. First to emerge was Servius Sulpicius Galba, governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, who had been encouraged to revolt by the praetorians and especially by Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt and scheming praetorian prefect at Rome. By this time Otho had been in Spain for close to ten years. His record seems to have been a good one, marked by capable administration and an unwillingness to enrich himself at the expense of the province. At the same time, perhaps seeing this as his best chance to improve his own circumstances, he supported the insurrection as vigorously as possible, even sending Galba all of his gold and his best table servants. At the same time, he made it a point to win the favor of every soldier he came in contact with, most notably the members of the praetorian guard who had come to Spain to accompany Galba to Rome. Galba set out from Spain in July, formally assuming the emperorship shortly thereafter. Otho accompanied him on the journey.
Galba had been in Rome little more than two months when on 1 January 69 the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. To show that he was still in charge Galba adopted his own successor, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus, an aristocrat completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate and particularly angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered. On that same evening a powerless senate awarded Otho the imperial titles.
Otho's Principate in Rome
It is not possible to reconstruct a detailed chronology of Otho's brief eight and a half weeks as princeps in Rome (15 January-15 March). Even so, Galba's quick demise had surely impressed upon Otho the need to conciliate various groups. As a result, he continued his indulgence of the praetorian guard but he also tried to win over the senate by following a strict constitutionalist line and by generally keeping the designations for the consulship made by Nero and Galba. In the provinces, despite limited evidence, there are some indications that he tried to compensate for Galba's stinginess by being more generous with grants of citizenship. In short, Otho was eager not to offend anyone.
Problems remained, however. The praetorians had to be continually placated and they were always suspicious of the senate. On the other hand, the senate itself, along with the people, remained deeply disturbed at the manner of Otho's coming to power and his willingness to be associated with Nero. These suspicions and fears were most evident in the praetorian outbreak at Rome. Briefly, Otho had decided to move from Ostia to Rome a cohort of Roman citizens in order to replace some of Rome's garrison, much of which was to be utilized for the showdown with Vitellius. He ordered that weapons be moved from the praetorian camp in Rome by ship to Ostia at night so that the garrison replacements would be properly armed and made to look as soldierly as possible when they marched into the city. Thinking that a senatorial counter-coup against Otho was underway, the praetorians stormed the imperial palace to confirm the emperor's safety, with the result that they terrified Otho and his senatorial dinner guests. Although the praetorians' fears were eventually calmed and they were given a substantial cash payment, the incident dramatically underscored the unease at Rome in the early months of 69.
Otho's Offensive against Vitellius
Meanwhile, in the Rhineland, preparations for a march on Rome by the military legions that had declared for Vitellius were far advanced. Hampered by poor intelligence gathering in Gaul and Germany and having failed to negotiate a settlement with Vitellius in early 69, Otho finally summoned to Italy his forces for a counterattack against the invading Vitellian army. His support consisted of the four legions of Pannonia and Dalmatia, the three legions of Moesia and his own imperial retinue of about 9,000. Vitellius' own troops numbered some 30,000, while those of his two marshals, Aulus Caecina Alienus and Fabius Valens, were between 15,000 and 20,000 each.
Otho's strategy was to make a quick diversionary strike in order to allow time for his own forces to assemble in Italy before engaging the enemy. The strategy worked, as the diversionary army, comprised of urban cohorts, praetorians and marines all from Rome or nearby, was successful in Narbonese Gaul in latter March. An advance guard sent to hold the line on the Po River until the Danubian legions arrived also enjoyed initial success. Otho himself arrived at Bedriacum in northern Italy about 10 April for a strategy session with his commanders. The main concern was that the Vitellians were building a bridge across the Po in order to drive southward towards the Apennines and eventually to Rome. Otho decided to counter by ordering a substantial part of his main force to advance from Bedriacum and establish a new base close enough to the new Vitellian bridge to interrupt its completion. While en route, the Othonian forces, strung out along the via Postumia amid baggage and supply trains, were attacked by Caecina and Valens near Cremona on 14 April. The clash, know as the Battle of Bedriacum, resulted in the defeat of the Othonian forces, their retreat cut off by the river behind them. Otho himself, meanwhile, was not present, but had gone to Brixellum with a considerable force of infantry and cavalry in order to impede any Vitellian units that had managed to cross the Po.
The plan had backfired. Otho's strategy of obtaining victory while avoiding any major battles had proven too risky. Realizing perhaps that a new round of fighting would have involved not only a significant re-grouping of his existing troops but also a potentially bloody civil war at Rome, if Vitellius' troops reached the capital, Otho decided that enough blood had been shed. Two weeks shy of his thirty-seventh birthday, on 16 April 69, he took his own life.
To be sure, Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Perhaps, like Petronius, he saw it was safer to appear a profligate in Nero's court? In the final analysis, Otho proved to be an organized and efficient military commander, who appealed more to the soldier than to the civilian. He also seems to have been a capable governor, with administrative talents that recalled those of his father. Nevertheless, his violent overthrow of Galba, the lingering doubts that it raised about his character, and his unsuccessful offensive against Vitellius are all vivid reminders of the turbulence that plagued the Roman world between the reigns of Nero and Vespasian. Regrettably, the scenario would play itself out one more time before peace and stability returned to the empire.
Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue
Edited by J.P.Fitzgerald, Jr.

Roman Republican denarius of Mn Cordius Rufus, 46 BC, Rome41 viewsRoman Republic
M Cordius Rufus, 46 BC
AR denarius
Crested Corinthian helmet, owl on helm
Aegis of Minerva with head of Medusa at center
Cr463/3; Syd 977
5.1 Antoninus Pius Denarius,41 viewsreverse: ROMA COS IIII

Roma seated left
Roman Republic, 140 BC, Valeria 41 viewsAR Denarius (3.7g, 19mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck 140 BC, Monneyer: C.Valerius C.f.Flaccus
obv.: X behind helmeted head of Roma, facing right
rev.: FLAC above, C·VAL·C·F below, (ROMA in ex.) Victory galloping in biga to the right.
Seaby (RSC I.) Valeria 7.
Charles S
Roman Republic, 210-170 BC41 viewsAR Victoriatus (2.8g, 17mm, 1h). Rome mint. Struck 210-170 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Jupiter facing right.
Rev.: ROMA in ex., Victory standing right crowning trophy.
Seaby (RSC I.) Anon. 9
Charles S
RSC1a Plautilla~0.JPG
bC3. RSC 1. AR Denarius. Concordia Avgg.41 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped bust right PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA

Rev. Concordia standing left holding patera and sceptre CONCORDIA AVG.

1 commentsLordBest
L. Rubrius Dossenus (87 B.C.)41 viewsAR Denarius
O: DOSSEN, Head of Jupiter right, scepter over shoulder, DOSSEN behind and below
R: L ·RVBRI, Triumphal quadriga right, thunderbolt on side-panel, small Victory on top holding wreath, L ·RVBRI in ex.
Sear 258; Crawford 348/1 RSC Rubria 1 SRCV 258

Ex. Harlan J. Berk
3 commentsMat
Sabina Augusta - CONCORDIA AVG41 viewsAR Denarius, Rome Mint
Obv: SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed and draped bust right
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and resting left elbow on statuette of Spes, cornucopia under seat
3.216g, 19.2mm
RIC Hadrian 398, RSC 12, BMC 895
(Fire Damaged)
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,41 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 012, Rome, IVNO REGINA, Iuno stage left,
avers:- SALONIN-A-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-REGINA, Iuno stage left, holding patera and sceptre, at foot peacock.
exe:-/Q//--, diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-012, p-193, Göbl-242b,
Salonina, Perge, Elpis, AE30 41 views30mm, 17.2g
obv: KORNHΛIA CAΛONINA CEBA; draped bust with crescent and stephane right, I (mark of value=10) to right
rev: ΠEPΓAIΩN; Elpis to left, flower in raised right, gathering skirts with left hand

SNG Copenhagen 365; SNG PfPS 447

(updated picture, CLICK for a sharper version)
salzburg 2 pfennig.jpg
SALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous41 viewsSALZBURG - Bishop Hieronymous (1772-1803) Cu 2 Pfennig, 1796. Reference #KM-472.dpaul7
Sasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,41 viewsSasanian, Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. (579 - 590 A.D.), AR-Drachm,
Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. Son of Khusro I.
avers:- Crowned bust of Ohrmazd (Hormazd) IV. right.
revers:- Fire altar flanked by attendants.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 3h,
mint: Bishapur (BYŠ), regnal year 12, date: 590 A.D.,
ref: Göbl SN I/1,
590-628 Khosrow II - dirham from Hormizd-Ardashir (Iran)41 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants.
2 commentsGinolerhino
531-579 Khosrow I - dirham from Eran-asan-kar-Kavad (Hulwan, Iran)41 viewsPahlavi legend , crowned bust right
Pahlavi legend , fire-altar with two attendants, wearing turbans.
3 commentsGinolerhino
Continental Sceatta41 viewsContinental AR sceat, series E (1.10 g, 12 mm). Minted in Frisia (Dorestad) circa 710-765. Obverse: "Porcupine" right. Reverse: Standard TOT.Jan (jbc)
Scipio41 viewsScipio 46 B.C.

Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196641 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.

During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

AE follis Maurice Tiberius, SB 53441 viewsObverse: DN MAUTI CN P AYT or similar bust facing wearing crown, with trefoil ornament and consular robes, in r. hand mappa, in l. hand eagle tipped sceptre
Reverse: Large M, between ANNO and regnal yr X, cross above, Officina "A", THEUP in ex.
Mint: Theoupolis (Antioch)
Date:591/2 CE
Sear 533 DO 161-63
Seleukos IV Philopator41 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator
Date: 187-175 BC
Size: Serrate AE 22 9.29g
Mint: Antioch
Obverse: Apollo r.
Reverse: Apollo tripod
Reference: SNG Spaer 848
3 commentsJohn K
selim iii.jpg
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - SELIM III41 viewsSelim III silver para 1204 AH (1790AD) 8th YEAR mm, 0.27 g. dpaul7
Vologases IV41 viewstetradrachm, 147 - 191 AD
Sellwood 84.16
2 commentsRobert L3
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, barbar ??? ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right, 41 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I , Rome ???, ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-, Laurate bust right.
revers:- ADVENTI AVG FELICISSIMO ???, Emperor riding right.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,59g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome ???, date: A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-74, p-, RSC-6, S-, ???
Septimius Severus, Anchialus, Hermes seated, Æ2641 viewsTHRACE, Anchialus. Septimius Severus. 193-211 AD.
Ć 26mm (10.73 gm).
obv: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
rev: Hermes seated left on rocks, holding caduceus and wearing petasos.
Strack 468; BMC Thrace pg. 84, 8; SNG Copenhagen 432. VF, tan patina.

ex Barry Murphy
1 commentsareich
Septimius Severus, Heropolis-Castabala, Dionysos, AE3141 viewsAE31, 14.6g
obv: [AVT KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVNPOC]; emperor standing left with Nike and spear
rev: IEPOΠOΛITΩN KACTABAΛEΩN; draped bust of Dionysos right
Septimius Severus - RIC 19841 viewsSilver Denarius. 205 AD. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / P M TR P XIII COS III P P, Anonna standing left holding corn ears over modius to left & cornucopiae. RSC 472, RIC 198Bud Stewart
[1001a] Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.41 viewsSilver denarius, RIC 32, RSC 301, VF, 2.966g, 16.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right; reverse LIBERO PATRI, Liber (Bacchus) standing left, in right ocnochoe over panther, thysus in left; excellent portrait; scarce. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.)

Michael L. Meckler
Ohio State University

Lucius Septimius Severus restored stability to the Roman empire after the tumultuous reign of the emperor Commodus and the civil wars that erupted in the wake of Commodus' murder. However, by giving greater pay and benefits to soldiers and annexing the troublesome lands of northern Mesopotamia into the Roman empire, Septimius Severus brought increasing financial and military burdens to Rome's government. His prudent administration allowed these burdens to be met during his eighteen years on the throne, but his reign was not entirely sunny. The bloodiness with which Severus gained and maintained control of the empire tarnished his generally positive reputation.

Severus' Early Life and Acclamation
Severus was born 11 April 145 in the African city of Lepcis Magna, whose magnificent ruins are located in modern Libya, 130 miles east of Tripoli. Septimius Severus came from a distinguished local family with cousins who received suffect consulships in Rome under Antoninus Pius. The future emperor's father seems not to have held any major offices, but the grandfather may have been the wealthy equestrian Septimius Severus commemorated by the Flavian-era poet Statius.

The future emperor was helped in his early career by one of his consular cousins, who arranged entry into the senate and the favor of the emperor Marcus Aurelius. Life as a senator meant a life of travel from one government posting to another. Moorish attacks on his intended post of Baetica (southern Spain) forced Severus to serve his quaestorship in Sardinia. He then traveled to Africa as a legate and returned to Rome to be a tribune of the plebs. Around the year 175 he married Paccia Marciana, who seems also to have been of African origin. The childless marriage lasted a decade or so until her death.

Severus' career continued to flourish as the empire passed from Marcus to Commodus. The young senator held a praetorship, then served in Spain, commanded a legion in Syria and held the governorships of Gallia Lugdunensis (central France), Sicily and Upper Pannonia (easternmost Austria and western Hungary). While in Gallia Lugdunensis in 187, the now-widowed future emperor married Julia Domna, a woman from a prominent family of the Syrian city of Emesa. Two sons quickly arrived, eleven months apart: Bassianus (known to history as Caracalla) in April of the year 188, and Geta in March 189.

News of Pertinax's assassination 28 March 193 in an uprising by the praetorian guard quickly reached Pannonia, and only twelve days later on 9 April 193, Severus was proclaimed emperor. Septimius Severus had the strong support of the armies along the Rhine and Danube, but the loyalty of the governor of Britain, Clodius Albinus, was in doubt. Severus' envoys from Pannonia offered Albinus the title of Caesar, which he accepted.

The Civil Wars with Albinus, Niger, and Didius Julianus
In the city of Rome, Didius Julianus gained the support of the praetorian troops and was promoted as the successor to Pertinax. Although Julianus' authority did not extend much beyond Italy, Severus understood that legitimacy for a Roman emperor meant having one's authority accepted in Rome. He and his army began a swift march to the city. They met practically no resistance on their advance from Pannonia into northern Italy, as Julianus' supporters defected. By the beginning of June when Severus reached Interamna, 50 miles north of Rome, even the praetorian guard stationed in the capital switched sides. Didius Julianus was declared a public enemy and killed. Septimius Severus entered Rome without a fight.

Civil war was not yet over. Another provincial governor also had his eyes on the throne. In Syria, Pescennius Niger had been proclaimed emperor on news of Pertinax's death, and the eastern provinces quickly went under his authority. Byzantium became Niger's base of operations as he prepared to fight the armies of the west loyal to Severus.

Niger was unable to maintain further advances into Europe. The fighting moved to the Asian shore of the Propontis, and in late December 193 or early January 194, Niger was defeated in a battle near Nicaea and fled south. Asia and Bithynia fell under Severus' control, and Egypt soon recognized Severus' authority. By late spring, Niger was defeated near Issus and the remainder of his support collapsed. Syria was pacified. Niger was killed fleeing Antioch. Byzantium, however, refused to surrender to Severan forces. Niger's head was sent to the city to persuade the besieged citizens to give up, but to no avail. The Byzantines held out for another year before surrender. As punishment for their stubbornness, the walls of their city were destroyed.

Severus' Eastern Campaigns
During the fighting, two of the peoples of upper Mesopotamia -- the Osrhoeni and the Adiabeni -- captured some Roman garrisons and made an unsuccessful attack on the Roman-allied city of Nisibis. After the defeat of Niger, these peoples offered to return Roman captives and what remained of the seized treasures if the remaining Roman garrisons were removed from the region. Severus refused the offer and prepared for war against the two peoples, as well as against an Arabian tribe that had aided Niger. In the spring of 195, Severus marched an army through the desert into upper Mesopotamia. The native peoples quickly surrendered, and Severus added to his name the victorious titles Arabicus and Adiabenicus. Much of the upper third of Mesopotamia was organized as a Roman province, though the king of Osrhoene was allowed to retain control of a diminished realm.

The tottering Parthian empire was less and less able to control those peoples living in the border regions with Rome. Rome's eastern frontier was entering a period of instability, and Severus responded with an interventionist policy of attack and annexation. Some senators feared that increased involvement in Mesopotamia would only embroil Rome in local squabbles at great expense. The emperor, however, would remain consistent in his active eastern policy.

Legitimization of the Severan Dynasty
Severus also took steps to cement his legitimacy as emperor by connecting himself to the Antonine dynasty. Severus now proclaimed himself the son of Marcus Aurelius, which allowed him to trace his authority, through adoption, back to the emperor Nerva. Julia Domna was awarded the title "Mother of the Camp" (mater castrorum), a title only previously given to the empress Faustina the Younger, Marcus' wife. Bassianus, the emperor's elder son, was renamed Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and given the title Caesar. It was this last step that marked a decisive break with Albinus.

Albinus had remained in Britain as governor during the struggles between Severus and Niger. Although Albinus had not attempted open revolt against the emperor, he seems to have been in communication with senators about future moves. By the end of 195, Albinus was declared a public enemy by Severus. The governor of Britain responded by proclaiming himself emperor and invading Gaul.

A weary Roman populace used the anonymity of the crowd at the chariot races to complain about renewed civil war, but it was Gaul that bore the brunt of the fighting. Albinus and his supporters were able to inflict losses on the occasion of the initial attacks, but disorder was so great that opportunistic soldiers could easily operate on their own within the lands under Albinus' nominal control.

The tide began to turn early in 197, and after a Severan victory at Tournus, Albinus found himself and his army trapped near Lyon. A battle broke out 19 February 197. In the initial fighting, Albinus' troops forced the Severans into retreat, during which Severus fell off his horse. When the Severan cavalry appeared, however, Albinus' army was routed. Lyon was sacked and Albinus, who was trapped in a house along the river Rhône, committed suicide. Severus ordered Albinus' head to be cut off and sent to Rome for display. Many of Albinus' supporters were killed, including a large number of Spanish and Gallic aristocrats. Albinus' wife and children were killed, as were many of the wives of his supporters. Tradition also told of the mutilation of bodies and denial of proper burial. The emperor revealed a penchant for cruelty that troubled even his fervent supporters. A purge of the senate soon followed. Included among the victims was Pertinax's father-in-law, Sulpicianus.

Severus and the Roman Military
Severus brought many changes to the Roman military. Soldiers' pay was increased by half, they were allowed to be married while in service, and greater opportunities were provided for promotion into officer ranks and the civil service. The entire praetorian guard, discredited by the murder of Pertinax and the auctioning of their support to Julianus, was dismissed. The emperor created a new, larger praetorian guard out of provincial soldiers from the legions. Increases were also made to the two other security forces based in Rome: the urban cohorts, who maintained order; and the night watch, who fought fires and dealt with overnight disturbances, break-ins and other petty crime. These military reforms proved expensive, but the measures may well have increased soldiers' performance and morale in an increasingly unsettled age.

One location that remained unsettled was the eastern frontier. In 197 Nisibis had again been under siege, and the emperor prepared for another eastern campaign. Three new legions were raised, though one was left behind in central Italy to maintain order. The Roman armies easily swept through upper Mesopotamia, traveling down the Euphrates to sack Seleucia, Babylon and Ctesiphon, which had been abandoned by the Parthian king Vologaeses V. On 28 January 198 -- the centenary of Trajan's accession -- Severus took the victorious title Parthicus Maximus and promoted both of his sons: Caracalla to the rank of Augustus and Geta to the rank of Caesar.

Before embarking on the eastern campaign, the emperor had named Gaius Fulvius Plautianus as a praetorian prefect. Plautianus came from the emperor's home town of Lepcis, and the prefect may even have been a relative of the emperor. The victories in Mesopotamia were followed by tours of eastern provinces, including Egypt. Plautianus accompanied Severus throughout the travels, and by the year 201 Plautianus was the emperor's closest confidant and advisor. Plautianus was also praetorian prefect without peer after having arranged the murder of his last colleague in the post.

Upon the return to Rome in 202, the influence of Plautianus was at its height. Comparisons were made with Sejanus, the powerful praetorian prefect under the emperor Tiberius. Plautianus, who earlier had been adlected into the senate, was now awarded consular rank, and his daughter Plautilla was married to Caracalla. The wealth Plautianus had acquired from his close connection with the emperor enabled him to provide a dowry said to have been worthy of fifty princesses. Celebrations and games also marked the decennalia, the beginning of the tenth year of Severus' reign. Later in the year the enlarged imperial family traveled to Lepcis, where native sons Severus and Plautianus could display their prestige and power.

The following year the imperial family returned to Rome, where an arch, still standing today, was dedicated to the emperor at the western end of the Forum. Preparations were also being made for the Secular Games, which were thought to have originated in earliest Rome and were to be held every 110 years. Augustus celebrated the Secular Games in 17 B.C., and Domitian in A.D. 88, six years too early. (Claudius used the excuse of Rome's 800th year to hold the games in A.D. 47.) In 204 Severus would preside over ten days of ceremonies and spectacles.

By the end of 204, Plautianus was finding his influence with the emperor on the wane. Caracalla was not happy to be the husband of Plautilla. Julia Domna resented Plautianus' criticisms and investigations against her. Severus was tiring of his praetorian prefect's ostentation, which at times seemed to surpass that of the emperor himself. The emperor's ailing brother, Geta, also denounced Plautianus, and after Geta's death the praetorian prefect found himself being bypassed by the emperor. In January 205 a soldier named Saturninus revealed to the emperor a plot by Plautianus to have Severus and Caracalla killed. Plautianus was summoned to the imperial palace and executed. His children were exiled, and Caracalla divorced Plautilla. Some observers suspected the story of a plot was merely a ruse to cover up long-term plans for Plautianus' removal.

Severus and Roman Law
Two new praetorian prefects were named to replace Plautianus, one of whom was the eminent jurist Papinian. The emperor's position as ultimate appeals judge had brought an ever-increasing legal workload to his office. During the second century, a career path for legal experts was established, and an emperor came to rely heavily upon his consilium, an advisory panel of experienced jurists, in rendering decisions. Severus brought these jurists to even greater prominence. A diligent administrator and conscientious judge, the emperor appreciated legal reasoning and nurtured its development. His reign ushered in the golden age of Roman jurisprudence, and his court employed the talents of the three greatest Roman lawyers: Papinian, Paul and Ulpian.

The order Severus was able to impose on the empire through both the force of arms and the force of law failed to extend to his own family. His now teenaged sons, Caracalla and Geta, displayed a reckless sibling rivalry that sometimes resulted in physical injury. The emperor believed the lack of responsibilities in Rome contributed to the ill-will between his sons and decided that the family would travel to Britain to oversee military operations there. Caracalla was involved in directing the army's campaigns, while Geta was given civilian authority and a promotion to joint emperor with his father and brother.

Severus was now into his 60s. Chronic gout limited his activities and sapped his strength. The emperor's health continued to deteriorate in Britain, and he became ever more intent on trying to improve the bitter relationship between his two sons. He is reported to have given his sons three pieces of advice: "Get along; pay off the soldiers; and disregard everyone else." The first piece of advice would not be heeded.

Severus died in York on 4 February 211 at the age of 65. His reign lasted nearly 18 years, a duration that would not be matched until Diocletian. Culturally and ideologically Septimius Severus connected his reign to the earlier Antonine era, but the reforms he enacted would eventually alter the very character of Roman government. By creating a larger and more expensive army and increasing the influence of lawyers in administration, Severus planted the seeds that would develop into the highly militaristic and bureaucratic government of the later empire.

Copyright (C) 1998, Michael L. Meckler. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors; Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
62 - 10 - MAXIMINO I (235-238 D.C.)41 viewsĆ Sestercio (27mm - 17.39 g)

Anv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG - Busto laureado con coraza y paludamentum (capote militar) a derecha, visto por detrás
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P, S-C - Emperador estante a izq. levantando su mano der., portando cetro en izquierda. Dos estandartes militares delante y uno detrás.

Acuńada: 236 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: Comun

Referencias: RIC IVb #33 Pag.143 - BMCRE #80 - Cohen IV #58 Pag.511 - SRCV III #8336 var. Pag.82 -

Faustina II., Rome mint, struck 175-176 AD, Æ Sestertius41 viewsDIVA FAUSTINA PIA draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, S-C peacock standing left
RIC 1703, Cohen 72
1 commentsdupondius
Septimius Severus, 193–211 CE41 viewsAR denarius, Rome mint, 210–1 CE; 19mm, 3.18g. BM 59, CRB 41, RIC 333, RSC 728. Obv: SEVERVS PIVS – AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: VICTORIAE BRIT; Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm. Commemorates victories declared in Britain. Rare; only two specimens in the Reka Devnia hoard. EF, with light cleaning marks in the obverse field before the nose.

ex Davissons 31, 30 November 2012, lot 122
1 commentsMichael K5
Severus Alexander Providentia Sestertius41 viewsSeverus Alexander (222-235)
30mm, 20,8g
obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust
right, drapery on left shoulder,
rev.: PROVIDENTIA AVG, S-C across field, Providentia
standing front, holding cornucopiae in left and 3 corn ears over modius in right,
ref.: RIC 642, C. 503 var., BMC 883
Sigismund-III, (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, VI-AR-Gross, VASA, Kopicki 1240, R1!41 viewsSigismund-III, (1587-1632 AD) King of Poland, VI-AR-Gross, VASA, Kopicki 1240, R1!
Avers: - •SIGISMVN•III D•G•-Lion-Shield-•REX•PO•M•D•L•, Crowned bust right.
Revers: - •GROS•ARGEN•SFX•REG•POLONI•96, Crown over shields of Poland and Lithuania, shield of Vasa below.
diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 4,74g, axis: 0h,
mint mark: ring-triangle , mint: Marienburg, date: 1596 A.D.,
ref: Kopicki 1240, R1, Gumowski 1151,
POLAND - Sigismund III41 viewsPOLAND - Sigismund III (1587-1632) AR 3 Polker, 1623. KM #15.dpaul7
Peloponnesus. Sikyon AR Stater (obverse)41 viewsCirca 431-400 B.C. 12.27g. BCD-189, BM-22. Obverse. Chimaera walking left. SE below. Extremely beautiful stater. Ex Berk 179th 2012 Auction, lot 131. Mint State.Jason T
Pamphylia, Sillyon. Lucilla AE24. Bust of Men41 viewsLucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, wife of Lucius Verus, Augusta, 164-182 AD. AE24, 9.5g.
Obv: ΛΟΥΚΙΛΛΑ CEBACTH. Draped bust right, hair gathered in back in Chignon.
Rev: CIΛΛYEΩN. Draped bust of Męn right, crescent at shoulders.
SMHGamma copy.jpg
Licinius II, AE 341 viewsLicinius II, AE 3 Struck 321-324 AD
3gm, 17mm

OBV/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; helmeted and cuir bust l., holding shield and spear across shoulder.
REV/ IOVI CONSERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., holding Victory on globe in r. hand and eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand; eagle with wreath in beak before, bound captive behind. XIIr in r. field. SMH Gamma in exergue.
RIC VII, 54 Rare: Scarce

A beautiful coin with lovely "desert" patina.
Spanish Cob41 viewsPhilip III ( 1598-1621), 8 Maravedis ?Daniel F
square phocas.jpg
Phocas41 viewsJericho
Septimius Severus, Stobi41 viewsSEVERVS PIVS AVGV
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left

Victory/Nemesis in advancing left in long chiton,
turned left, wheel at her feet, holding wreath in right hand,
palm branch in left

Ae 27mm; 12.57g
Nominal III
2 commentsarizonarobin
Celtic imitation - AE 2241 viewsoverstrike

Serdi region
187-168 BC ?
head of rivergod Strymon right ;
wide trident
H countermark
type: type E3A
imitation of: SNG Copenhagen 1298-9 var.
6,70g 22mm

Wave on Strymon's face is relic of original coin also there is slightly visible inscription (perpendicular to trident).
original coin could be:

Thessalonica - AE 17
187-31 BC
diademed head of Artemis right (wave on Strymon's face is Artemis's curl)
bow and quiver
monograms left
SNGCop 358. Moushmov 6600

Imitations from Serdi region weren't used to fool Macedonian traders but as their own currency. This coin is one of overstrikes on official Macedonian coins which prooves this theory.

Maybe H countermark allowed this coin to return into Macedonian circulation? Who knows what this coin has experienced.
OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Suleiman I41 viewsOTTOMAN EMPIRE - Suleiman I (1520-1566) AR Akche. Dated AH-926. dpaul7
L Manlius Torquartus Denarius 82bc41 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV 286, RSC I Manlia 4, VF, military mint, weight, 82 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, PROQ (proquaestor ) behind, MANLI before; reverse Sulla walking in a quadriga right, holding reins in right hand and caduceus in left, crowned by Victory flying above, L SVLLA IM (imperator) in exergue.

L. Manlius Torquatus was proquaestor to Sulla during the Mithraditic war (he was later Consul - 65 B.C.); this issue was struck for the civil war in Italy 82 B.C.
1 commentsAdrian S
SWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-181841 viewsSWEDEN - KARL XIII - 1809-1818 Copper 1 Skilling, 1812. KM #585.dpaul7
sweden 1801.jpg
SWEDEN - GUSTAV IV ADOLF - 1792-180941 viewsSWEDEN - GUSTAV IV ADOLF - 1792-1809, copper 1/2-Skilling, 1801. KM #549.dpaul7
Julius Caesar41 viewsJulius Caesar
46 - 45 BC
3.84 g
18 mm
Diademed head of Venus, right, Cupid on her shoulder.
Gallia and Gaulish captive seated beneath trophy of Gallic arms.
Sydenham 1014 - Crawford 568/1
1 commentsArgentoratum
41 viewsmarandnumiz
[1117] Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.41 viewsSilvered Antoninianus. RIC 210. Weight, Size. aVF. Minted in Antioch. Obverse:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right receiving globe from Jupiter, both holding scepters, Z below figures; XXI in exegrue. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Tacitus (275-276 A.D.)

Robin Mc Mahon
New York University

Full name, Marcus Claudius Tacitus; name as Emperor, Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus. We have no reliable information on the earlier career of the Emperor Tacitus. All that is known with any degree of certainty is that in 273 he was consul along with Julius Placidianus. All the statements in the Historia Augusta regarding Tacitus' earlier career, including the claim he was related to the historian Tacitus, have been rejected by historians as fictitious. The most reliable sources for Tacitus' reign, Zosimus and Zonaras, state that he was chosen Emperor by the army following the assassination of Aurelian in the fall of 275, most likely in November. At the time of his elevation he was in Interamna (modern Terni, about 60 miles north of Rome). From there he made his way to Rome where he was confirmed as Emperor by the Senate. Tradition has it that he was 75 years old at the time, but there is no way to confirm this.

As Emperor, Tacitus first had Aurelian deified, then seized and executed many individuals involved in plotting Aurelian's murder. Tacitus then turned his attention to the defense of the Empire. Although the Franks, Alamanni, and Longiones posed threats in the north, Tacitus determined that the greater danger lay in the East. Aurelian had enlisted the aid of several barbarian tribes, including the Heruli and Maeotidae (referred to as Scythians in the sources), for a projected invasion of Parthia. Aurelian's murder cancelled these plans. Feeling cheated of their opportunity for plunder, the tribes attacked the Roman provinces in Asia Minor, overrunning Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia and Cilicia, and caused terrible destruction. Tacitus appointed his half-brother Florian Praetorian Prefect. They campaigned in the East against the invaders, winning Tacitus the title Gothicus Maximus.

Tacitus, however, did not long enjoy his victory: on his way back to Europe, he died. Zosimus and Zonaras preserve the report that Tacitus had appointed a relative of his, Maximinus, as governor of Syria. Maximinus was murdered; then the assassins, fearing Tacitus's reaction, murdered him. It was alleged that some of them had also had a hand in murdering Aurelian. The Historia Augusta more eccentrically reports that Tacitus became ill with a fever and started showing signs of megalomania: but as the month September Tacitus allegedly wanted named after himself dates his accession incorrectly, the story appears to be a fabrication. Tacitus died some time in June of 276. His memory was neither condemned nor deified.

Tacitus held the consulship at least twice, first in 273 and again in 276. There is numismatic evidence of a third consulship but there is no record of a third in any of the fasti, that is, the lists of consuls. Because of the paucity of the sources and the brevity of his reign, little can be said of his policies. It is unlikely that the military would choose as Emperor anyone like the contemplative, abstemious civilian the Historia Augusta portrays. A hint may be given by the fact that Tacitus's colleague in the consulship of 273, Julius Placidianus, commanded an army corps in Narbonensis and later went on to be a Praetorian Perfect. Nevertheless, some numismatic and epigraphic evidence suggests that Tacitus sought to strike a milder tone than his predecessor. Prominent among his coin legends is Clementia Temporum [the reverse type in my collection]. Unlike both Aurelian and Tacitus' successor, Probus, Tacitus did not take the title, deus et dominus natus ["born god and master"]. He also issued no Sol Invictus coins honoring Aurelian's favorite deity. Some of his coins revive the SC (senatus consulto) marking senatorial authority for the issue, which had been missing in previous reigns. Tacitus also used the Genius Senatus, inscriptions which had disappeared under Valerian. Further, in some inscriptions he is styled auctor verae libertatis ["originator of true liberty"], and on coins restitutor rei publicae ["restorer of the state"].


Tacitus largely fell out of the ancient historiographical record. The best sources are Zosimus and Zonaras. The Historia Augusta creates its own fiction of Tacitus out of forged documents, bogus names and faulty chronology. Tacitus deserved better than oblivion or fabrication, having halted potentially serious raiding in the East.

Two problems emerge from the evidence for Tacitus's short reign. The first is the six-month interregnum said to have intervened between the death of Aurelian and Tacitus' accession. The years 260-285 have been the subject of close chronological scrutiny, and it has been shown that, although there might have been a brief interval between emperors (something not uncommon), amounting to a few weeks, anything longer is not possible. The error appears to have originated in the Latin historians, who confused the duration of Tacitus' and Florian's reign with the brief period between the reigns of Aurelian and Tacitus.

The second question is whether or not the edict of the Emperor Gallienus, which had excluded senators from military commands and any other dealings with the military, was set aside during the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. Aurelius Victor reports that Gallienus, acting largely through fear of revolts and usurpation, replaced the senators in military offices with Equites. Several passages in the Historia Augusta claim that these edicts were suspended for the duration of the reigns of Tacitus and Florian. The overwhelming consensus among historians, however, is that the passages in the Historia Augusta are unhistorical: no credible evidence suggests that Gallienus' edicts were even temporarily set aside.

Copyright (C) 2000, Robin Mc Mahon. Used by permission.

Tacitus was an elderly senator in the reign of Aurelian, and after the latter's death was selected as Augustus by the senate. After personally leading his army in a successful campaign against a Gothic invasion, the emperor, aged around 75, died (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM;

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, Serdica, T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, A//KA, CONCORD MILIT, Emperor and Concordia,41 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, Serdica, T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, A//KA, CONCORD MILIT, Emperor and Concordia,
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentumD1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-, LV 2194-5
India. Tamil Nadu. Tanjore Nayaks. 1532 - 1673 Copper Kasu.41 viewsIndia. Tamil Nadu. Tanjore Nayaks. 1532 - 1673 Copper Kasu. Shivalingam / Lord Rama and Sitaoneill6217
Antoninus Pius. Zeugma, commagene41 viewsAE 22 mm 10.3 grams 138-161 AD
REV :: ZEU-GMA-TEWN. Tetrastyle temple with peribolos , 2 rows of blocks supporting . groove descending stairwell
EX :: none
Minted in Zeugma , Commagene
SNG COP 28, BMC p. 124, 1 ff.; SGICV 1492 (AE 25); SNG Righetti 1847
Purchases 12/2008
Theodosius Half Siliqua41 viewsHalf Siliqua (Silver, Carthage, 592-602. )
D N TEODOSIVS PP A Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Theodosius facing. Rev. Facing busts of Maurice and Constantina with long cross between; in exergue,

ACTI. DOC 307. MIB 59. S. 615.

Contemporary Alexander the Great41 viewsAlexander III
Tetradrachm ca. 336-323 BC
Tetradracma VESPASIANO RPC 1970-3_1.jpg
18-30 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)41 viewsAR Tetradracma (Provincial) 25 x 23 mm 13.6 gr.

Anv: "AYTOK[PAT ΩP KAICAP CEBATOC OYECIIACIANOC]" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "ETOY [NEOY IEPOY A ó B ó Γ]" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza a izquierda, sobre un garrote con sus alas extendidas y corona de laureles en el pico.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Syria - Seleucis and Pieria - Antiochia ad Orontem

Referencias: Sear GICTV #736 Pag.70 - BMC Vol.20 #227 Pag.178 - RPC (#1970 =Ańo 1, #1971=Ańo 2 ó #1973=Ańo 3) Grupo 7 - Prieur Syro-Phoenician tatradrachms (2000) pag.20 #132 Grupo 9
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC 148.jpg
Tetricus I VIRTVS AVGG RIC V/2 14841 viewsAnt, 2.51g, 21mm.

Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG, VIRTVS standing L in helmet and military dress, holding spear and leaning on shield.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 148, Scarce.

Thai Coca Cola41 viewsThai Coke2 commentsrexesq
Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR 8, Hemiobol41 viewsThracian Islands, Thasos. Circa 411-350 B.C. AR Hemiobol (8mm, ca. 0.3g)
head of nymph left / dolphin left, Q-A. SNG Copenhagen 1035. Ex areich, photo credit areich
Theodosius I, Vows AE4 * 379-395 AD41 views
Theodosius I, Vows * 379-395 AD * Bronze

Obverse: DN THEODOSIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VOT / V / MVLT / X, Legend within wreath. ("I Vow five years, perhaps ten").

B(eta) SISC in exergue

Mint: Siscia

Size: 15 mm.
Weight: 1.4 grams
Patina: Medium green, flat.

RIC 29d.
Sear 4187v.
Tiberius Æ Dupondius41 viewsTiberius Ć Dupondius
Commagene Mint, Syria; Struck 19/20 AD
Ć28, RIC 90, RPC 3869
Rv: PON MAXIM COS III IMP VII TR POT XXII, crossed cornuacopiae and winged caduceus.
Scotvs Capitis
Q. Titius, Ar Quinarius41 viewsObv:– Draped and winged bust of Victory right
Rev:– Pegasus leaping right, Q TITI below
Minted in Rome 90 B.C.
Reference:– Sydenham 693, Crawford 431/2

Weight 1.98g. Size 14.13 mm
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint.JPG
Titus Judaea Capta-Tiberias Mint41 viewsAE 26, Tiberias mint under Agrippa II 55-95 AD
Obverse: KAICAP CEBAC AVTOKP TITOC, Laureate head of Titus right
Reverse: ETO-KS BA / A (Gamma)PI-(Pi Pi)A, Nike standing right with wreath and palm.
26 mm, 13.2 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Titus Caesarea Maritima W/Countermark41 viewsTitus, 79-81 AD, Ae 21.6 mm, 7.09 g. Caesarea Maritima Mint
O: Laureate head of Titus right, Greek text ΑYTΟΚΡ TΙT ΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ around.
R: Nike right, left foot on helmet, writing AY T KAIC with right hand upon shield, hanging from palm tree. Greek text IΟΥΔΑΙΑΣ ΕΑΛWΚΥΙΑΣ around w/ countermark. Rare with countermark.
Hendin 1446 (prev. Hendin 743). AJC II supplement VII, 2.

Caesarea Maritima, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus, the Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
Titus RIC 3841 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 38 (R2), BMC - , RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Capricorn l., below, globe

A very rare left facing example of this type from one of Titus' rarer issues minted in the fall of 79 AD. According to BMCRE II and Cohen, London and Paris do not have the type.

Deeply toned with a thick patina and nice portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus41 viewsTitus, denarius.
RIC 112, RSC 309.
Rome mint, AD 80.
18 mm x 19 mm, 2.89 g.
Obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor.

The reverse type of dolphin and anchor was part of a series by Titus honoring various deities (here, Neptune) following the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii.
2 commentsMarsman
Titus RIC II 010441 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.36g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Captives, two, back to back, seated on either side of trophy, man on l. woman on r. RIC II 104 (R).

The rare aspect of this type (compared with the more common Titus 102) is that the male captive is on the left, and the female is on the right. While a small difference, it is significant in terms of scarcity. This is the only example I’ve seen in trade of this type, and with a full weight, well centered on its flan, and full legends, it is in good condition as well.
4 commentsLucas H
LUCIUS VERUS41 viewsAR denarius. 163-165 AD. 3,82 grs. Laureate head right. L.VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS. /
Roma in military attire advancing left holding Victory and trophy. TR P V IMP II COS II.
RIC 537. RSC 270 a.
1 commentsbenito
Moesia inferior, Tomis, Philip II & Serapis AMNG 361941 viewsPhilipp II AD 244-246
AE 27, 11.91g
confronted busts of Philipp II and Serapis
rev. MHTROPONT - OV TOMEWC (WC ligated)
Homonoia, in himation and long chiton, wearing kalathos, std. frontal, head l.,
holding Patera in extended r. hand and Cornucopiae with crab(?) in r. arm
Regling, AMNG I, 2, p.913, no.3619 (attr. by Pat Lawrence)
rare, F+/about VF

One of the latest provincial coins of Tomis.
trajan com.JPG
Trajan Alexandria Milne 71041 viewsAE 14 mm 2.0 grams 113-114 AD
OBV :: no legend, Laureate head right of Trajan
REV :: no legend, hem hem crown of Harpocraties, LI-Z ( year 17 ) below crown
Minted in Alexandria
Milne 710
purcharsed 04/2008
1 commentsJohnny
Trajan Deicus--Ric16b.jpg
250 AD - Trajan Decius - 249-251 - Ric 016b - Genius41 viewsIMPCMQTRAIANVSDECIVSAVG - Radiate, draped, and curaissed bust right
GENIVSEXERCILLVRICIANI - Genius standing Left, holding patera and cornucopia, standard on right.

Rome Mint, RIC 16(b)
1 commentsjimwho523
Emperor Trajan Denarius41 viewsIMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, drapery at shoulder / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Annona standing with cornucopiae, modius & basket at feet. RIC 166. 1 commentsStuart Francis
Trajan RIC 20241 viewsTRAJAN 98-117 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 103-111 A.D. Rev: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, Laureate head right. Obv: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Virtus standing right, holding spear and parazonium, left foot on helmet.

Ex: Romadrome

RIC 202; RSC 402
1 commentsPaddy
Tralles; AE 15.0; Head of Zeus right/ ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing left41 viewsTralles, Lydia. Second - first century B.C. AE 2.46g, 15.0mm. Head of Zeus laureate r. ΤΡΑΛΛΙΑΝΩΝ, Humped bull standing l. BMC 336, 63; Copenhagen 667. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Trebonianus Gallus41 viewsTREBONIANUS GALLUS-Minted 251-253 A.D.Antoninianus
Obv: IMP CC VIB TREBGALLVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ROMAE AETERNAE AVG - Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear
Exe: ••
Attrib. RIC 89, C 107
Tripolis; AE24, Head of Herakles r./ Artemis walking r.41 viewsTripolis, Lydia, Imperial times, AE 24.0mm, 5.97g. ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Head of Herakles r. / ΤΡΙΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ Artemis walking r. BMC 369, 37. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Severus Alexander AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis M.I.41 viewsSeverus Alexander & Maesa, AE26 Demeter, Marcianopolis, M.I.
Demeter (Ceres), deity of agriculture, holds ears of corn, and frequently a torch.
Collection of "newone"

0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs41 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
4 commentsrexesq
Constantine II AE Follis.41 viewsCONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C

laureate head right

CAESARVM NOSTRORVM around VOT X within wreath, large dot

RT in exergue.

3 commentsWill Hooton
R-8-A. L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.41 viewsType: L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

Ruler / Years: 47 B.C

Denomination: Denarius

Metal Type: Silver

Size / Weight: 18.6mm 3.47g,


Condition: VF

Obverse Description: head of Medusa facing, wearing hoop earrings

Obverse Legend: L·PLAVTIVS

Reverse Description: Victory facing, holding palm frond in left hand, leading four horses

Reverse Legend: PLANCVS

Exergue: Rome mint

Attributes: S 429, Syd 959b, Craw 453/1c, RSC Plautia 14,


Scott Morris
Unlisted Ticinum.JPG
Constantine The Great, Ticinum, Unlisted41 viewsAE3, Ticinum Mint, 307-337 AD
Obverse: CONSTANTIN(VS AVG), Draped and cuirassed bust left in high crested helmet.
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAET PP, Two victories holding shield inscribed VOT / PR over alter
TT in exergue
17mm, 3.4gm

Bust type, obverse and reverse legend all unlisted in RIC for Ticinum VLPP coins.
Jerome Holderman
UR SMHE star.jpg
SMHε*41 viewsAE3 Follis, 2.70 g, 19 mm, 11 h

Obverse: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted (with plume) wearing imperial cloak and ornamental necklace, bust left

Reverse: Anepigraphic
She-wolf to left suckling Romulus and Remus, 2 stars above

Exergue: SMHε*

Heralcea mint

Vrbs Roma - Arles41 viewsPCONST - pine between stars
Ric VII Arles 392 r4
d=18mm p=2,70g
Valens 111a.jpg
Valens, RIC unknown41 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Emperor advancing right holding labarum and dragging captive.
Exe: unknown
Date: 364-378 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: unknown

VALENS-341 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM Emperor walking right head turned back grasping bound captive at top of head with right hand holding banner with "Chi Rho"

Exe: branchrightBSISC Siscia mint

Ref: Rix IX 5b type iii 2.3g 17mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
Valens-741 viewsAE3, 364-378 AD, Constantinople mint
Obverse: DN VALENS PF AVG, Diademmed , draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm.
CONSP(Gamma) exergue, RIC 21c
2.0gm , 17mm
Jerome Holderman
Valentinian III, Castrorvm Ianva, Roma41 viewsantvwala
Valentinian I, Gloria Romanorum41 viewsObv: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.

Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valentinian advancing right, dragging a captive and holding a labarum affixed with the Chi-Rho Christogram; M in left field; six-pointed star above F in right field; BSISC in exergue.

AE 3, Siscia mint, 364 - 367 AD

2.3 grams, 18 mm

RIC IX Siscia 5a
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Valeriano I, sesterzio, 253-254 d.C., Roma (R/ VIRTVS AVGG) 41 viewsValerianus I, sestertius, zecca di Roma (253-254 d.C.)
AE, 11.561 gr, massimo diametro 26.7 mm, 180°, BB (VF)
D/ IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, busto laureato e corazzato a dx
R/ VIRTVS AVGG S C, Virtus in abito militare stante a sx, asta nella sx, appoggiato sullo scudo a dx.
RIC V 183
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (28 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 94); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
1 commentspaolo
vesp nep~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC 2541 viewsAR denarius
Rome Mint, 70 AD
RIC 25 (R), BMC 14, RSC 90
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS ITER TR POT; Neptune stg. l., foot on prow, with dolphin and trident.

This coin commemorates Vespasian's return to Rome in October of 70 AD (RIC II p 19). Neptune, as god of the sea, is given his just due in Vespasian's safe voyage home. This coin type was copied by Lugdunum. Antioch also had a variation of the Neptune reverse (with a globe instead of a prow).

Considered rare by the RIC, I had a most difficult time locating this reverse type from Rome. Vespasian looks a bit bemused in this portrait, which I find very appealing.
vespa dup2.jpg
69-79 AD - VESPASIAN - AE dupondius - struck 74 AD41 viewsobv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM TR COS V CENS (radiate head left)
rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA / S.C. (Felicitas standing left holding caduceus & cornucopiae)
ref: RIC II 555, C.152 (2frcs), BMC698
mint: Rome
11.42gms, 26mm
1 commentsberserker
Vespasian 1.jpg
09 Vespasian41 viewsDenarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right / SALVS AVG, Salus seated left holding patera. RIC 67, RSC431. Weight 3.34 g. Die Axis 6 hr.
2 commentsmix_val
Vespasian RIC II 134041 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Uncertain Spanish Mint. 69-70 A.D. (3.39g, 18.9mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS [AVG], laureate head left. Rev: VICTORIA IMP VESPASIANI, Victory standing left on globe, with wreath and palm. RIC II 1340 (R), BMC 362, RSC 630.

In the original RIC and BMCRE, this series was assigned to Tarraco, but the coins have distinctive characteristics that separate them from that issue. In the revised RIC, they are assigned to an uncertain Spanish mint. This attribution is “fluid” however pending further research and potential die link studies.
6 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 155841 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (2.94 g., 15.5m, 6h). Obv: [IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII], laureate head right. Rev: Palm tree, to left, Vespasian standing right with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, to right, Judaea standing right. RIC II 1558. Ex CNG.

A Judaea Capta type from the Syrian mint of Antioch, this type shows the typical high relief portrait of that mint. The palm represents the Roman province of Judaea, and this coin commemorates the Flavian’s greatest victory, that over Judaea in 70 A.D., a theme that pervaded the reigns of Vespasian and Titus.
3 commentsLucas H
Vespasian RIC II 112441 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyons) mint 71 AD. (3.13g 17mm.). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side, holding branches. RIC II 1124 (R).* BMC 393, Sear 2403, RSC 541(b). *Less likely RIC II 1126, with DOMITIANVS on the reverse, but with the pertinent portion off the flan, it would take a die match to establish either conclusively.

Vespasian, who ruled from 69 to 79 AD., acted early to establish his sons, Titus and Domitian, as his clear successors, and produced these dynastic types for that purpose. This is another early example without the typical Vespasian portrait which was later established by the die engravers.
2 commentsLucas H
ROMAN EMPIRE, VETRANIO41 viewsBronze AE 2, RIC VIII 296, 18.5 MM ,Sisica mint, 350 A>D>; obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, LAUREATE, DRAPED AND CUIRASSED BUST RIGHT; REVERSE virts avgstorvm, emperor, standing right, holding spear and globe, at feet seated captive, A SIS in ex.2 commentsNORMAN K
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS - Constantine I41 viewsAE Follis, London, 310 - 312
4.74gm, 21mm
O: Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear over right shoulder, shield on left arm.
Rx: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, PLN in ex., * in right field
R: Prince standing facing, head left, cloak hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left reversed spear.

RIC VI.228 (R), ex. Harlan Berk
Paul DiMarzio
Italy. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M41 viewsItaly. Vittorio Emanuele II Copper 10 Centismi 1866 M. VITTORIO EMANUELE II D'ITALIA, head left / 10 CENTISMI 1866 M, all within wreath.

KM 11.1
36,000,000 minted
Victorinus41 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
RV: Fides stg. holding two ensigns.
Ex: -
Julianus of Pannonia
BEAT TRANQLITAS VOT/IS/XX - Constantine I41 viewsAE3, London, 323 - 324
2.86gm, 19mm
O: Helmeted, cuirassed bust Right.
R: Globe on altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX in three lines; above, three stars.

RIC VII.268 (R3), ex. Mike Fox
Paul DiMarzio
Vitellius, RIC I-059 Lugdunum41 viewsAR Denarius
Lugdunum mint, 69 A.D.
18mm, 3.18g
RIC I-59, RSCv.2-90

Laureate head right

Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on throne, right holdind patera, left supporting torch.
1 commentsWill J
Vitellius, April 16 - December 22, 69 AD 41 viewsObv: A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Vitellius facing right.

Rev: No legend, Victory seated left, holding a patera in right hand and a palm in her left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, April - July, 69 AD

3.2 grams, 18.1 mm, 180°

RIC I 71, RSC 121, S2202 (var.), VM 1
2 commentsSPQR Matt
Vrbs Roma - Arles41 views(P or S)CONST - Chi-rho between stars
Ric IX Arles 400 R3 or R4
d=14mm p=0,80g
1 commentsantvwala
040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #0141 views040 Ulaszlo II. (Wladislas II.)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-644a, #01
avers:- M•WLADISLAI•R•VNGARI•, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield.
diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: (Pohl),
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
Caligula: 37 - 41AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 37 - 38AD
Obv. - bare head left; G. CAESAR.AUG.GERMANICUS.PON.M.TR.P
Rev. - Vesta seated left, holding patera and scepter; VESTA above; large S / C either side
11.72 grams
27.2 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Vespasian: 69 - 79AD41 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 71AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.VEPASIAN.AUG.COS.III
Rev. - Aequitas standing left hoding scales and rod; large S / C either side; AEQUITAS / AUGUSTI
12.18 grams
27.0 mm
1 commentscmcdon0923
Elagabalus from Panias41 viewsElagabalus --AE25, Caesaria Panias. R: Pan standing with three goats, all sharing a common head. cf. Meshorer, Ya'akov, Coins of Caesarea Panias, in Israel Numismatic Journal 8, 1984-85, page 57 no. 59 (Julia Soaemias). Thanks to David Hendin and Pat Lawrence for assistance on attribution!featherz
Xian Feng Yuan Bao40 viewsEmperor Xiang Feng, Qing Dynasty. Issued during the war. Huge coin and high value, 1000 cents. Scare. 1851~1861 ADsamwyi
Republic, Quartuncia40 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Carinus40 viewsCarinus Antoninians
23 mm 3.95 gm
Laureate bust right
Aeternitas stg l, hldg Phoenix on globe
John Campbell
Louis XVI (1774-1792) - Demi Ecu aux lauriers 1791 A40 viewsAtelier de Paris, 2° semestre de 1791 (.A)
LUD . XVI . D . G . FR . ET . NAV . REX ., buste habillé a gauche orné du cordon du Saint Esprit. Point sous le D de LUD
. SIT . NOMEN . DOMINI BENEDICTVM lyre 1791, ecu ovale couronné entre deux branches de laurier, .A sous l'ecu
Tranche inscrite : DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM
14.70 gr
Ref : Ciani # 2189
This coin and the following three give a "shortcut" of how the person of the King was considered through the french revolution : on this one Louis XVI is monarch by Divine right "Ludovicus XVI Deo Gratia Fran. et Nav. Rex"
1 commentsPotator II
Traianus denarius40 viewsTrajan, 98 - 117 AD. Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. RV:SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, dacian captive seated right on pile of arms.
C.118, RIC 96, BMC 385.
1 commentsNico
MACRINUS40 viewsAE 27. Nikopolis. 217-218 AD. 12,38 grs. Statius Longinus, legate. Laureate head right. AVT K M OΠEΛΛI CEV MAKPEINOC AVΓ. /
Nemesis standing left, holding scales and measuring rod, wheel at feet left. VΠ CTATI ΛONΓIOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ.
Moushmov 1265 (variant). Hristova/Jekov No. (same dies)).
Maroneia, Thrace40 views189 - 145 B.C.
Bronze AE 22
6.87 gm, 22 mm
Obverse: Head of Dionysos crowned with ivy right
Reverse: Dionysus standing left holding grapes in right and cloak and two stalks of narthex in left, MAPΩNITΩN to right
Moushmov 3942; SNG Cop 646; BMC 3, p. 130, 79: Schonert-Geiss 1627
2 commentsJaimelai
Julia Domna, Denarius - 006540 viewsRome mint, AD 204
IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust of Domna right
PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar
3.12 gr

Potator II
Macrinus, Bronze40 viewsBronze struck in Nicopolis
AVT KM .... H MAKRINOC, Laureate and cuirassed bust of Macrinus right
V M AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWNPROC IC TR, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopia and rudder
14.26 gr
Ref : ANMG #1710
2 commentsPotator II
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius, Commemorative AR Denarius, RIC 43840 viewsAD138 – 161 a posthumous issue
Rome Mint 161-180 AD (under Marcus Aurelius)
2.65 grams
Obv.: DIVVS ANTONINVS Bare head right
Rev.: CONSECRATIO Funeral pyre of four tiers, surmounted by quadriga.
Richard M10
Titus RIC-124a40 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2), BMC 61, RSC 313
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; as 122, but frame is triangular and is decorated with five or more palmettes or corn ears (sometimes combined)

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
Probus40 viewsAntoninianus
OV: Radiate and cuirassed bust right, with spear and shield seen from inner side.
RV: Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.
RIC - - Bastien 235
Note: extremely rare bust-type
1 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
Gordian III, Denarius 40 viewsRome mint, AD 240
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate and draped bust right
SECVRITAS PVBLICA Securitas seated on throne left, holding scepter in right hand
2,94 gr
Ref : RSC # 340, RCV #8682
3 commentsPotator II
Trajan Decius, Tetradrachm40 viewsAVG KG TTEKY DEKIOY TPAIANOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust of Trajan Decius right. Four dots under bust
DHMAPXEX OYCIAC, Eagle standing left, holding wreath in beak, SC at exergue
13,56 gr
Ref : RC #2723, Prieur # 528_012
1 commentsPotator II
038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #0140 views038 Laszlo V. (Ladislaus V. as King)., King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-525b/1457 A.D., #01
avers:- mOn•LAD-ISLAI•RE, Patriarchal Cross, B-P, circle of dots; border of dots.
revers:- VnGAR-IE•ETC, circle of dots; border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: B-P (Pohl),
date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525b, CNH-2-186, Huszar-668,
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,40 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Odessos, Varb-4554v, AE-27, ΟΔHCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Gordian III. and Serapis, Zeus seated left,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANTΩNINOC-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC, Lar., dr. and cuir. bust of Gordian-III r., facing bust of Serapis left, modius on head, cornucopiae to right.
revers:- ΟΔHC-CΕΙΤΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at foot.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,58g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Odessos, date: ?, ref: Varb-4554v-"A"legend" avers ! R3!, AMNG-2326,
Tacitus, Antoninianus40 viewsAntoninianus minted in Ticinium, AD 275-276
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate bust of Tacitus right
SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column, retrograde µ at exergue
4.03 gr
Ref : RCV #11812, Cohen #131, RIC V (1) 163
Thanks to Helvetica for RIC reference and help on exergue
1 commentsPotator II
053. Manuel I, 1143-1180. BI Trachy.40 viewsObv. Mary facing
Rev. Manuel standing.
Radiated head right

Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopiae

Antoninianus struck in Rom
24 mm - 3.79 g -- axis 170°

RIC. Cohen.5

very large flan , traces of incuse portrait on reverse
full silvering
1 commentsgb29400
Histiaia, Euboia40 views196 - 146 B.C.
Silver Tetrobol
2.42 gm, 14.5 mm
Obv.: Head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine
Rev.: Nymph seated upon a stern of galley, ornamented with wing, holding naval standard,
AΓ monogram and bipennis axe below.
IΣTI - AIEΩN left mirrored
BMC 8 p.130, 60;
Sear 2496-98 v.
2 commentsJaimelai
Constantius I Follis40 viewsRIC VI 594a Trier, 303-305 A.D.
9.96 g, 27 mm x 29 mm
CONSTANTIVS NOBIL C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, tower on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae.
S-F across fields, PTR in exergue
Fully silvered
EX: Rutten & Wieland
2 commentsMark Z2
Trajan Decius (?), Antioch, Syria, Tyche seated in temple reverse, 15.66g, 28.8mm, 0o40 views1 commentsareich
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #240 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), AE-Semmis, RIC IV-III 16c, Rome, No legend, S-C across the field, Mars standing left, Scarce! #2
avers:- IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- No legend, Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear, S-C across the field.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 2,1g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 248 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-128, p-126, Scarce!,
1 commentsquadrans
Jovian AD 363-364 Sirmium (BSIRM)40 viewsObv: DNIOVIA-NVSPFAVG
1 commentsLaetvs
Carabela Santa Maria40 viewsModel of the Carabela Santa Maria,
self-made, took me a few years for the completion.
5 commentsJuancho
Demetrius Poliorketes 40 viewsDemetrius Poliorketes AE17. Monogram of Demetrius in center of a Macedonian shield / BA - SI to either side of a crested Macedonian helmet with cheek flaps. 4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Constans40 viewsBetter photo

Constans AE 3
CONSTANS P F AVG, laureate & rosette-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, O on banner. Mintmark: A SIS star
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Romulus and Remus40 views2 commentssimmurray
Constantius II40 viewsConstantius II 3 Struck 351-355 AD.

D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing falling enemy horseman who wears Phrygian helmet and is reaching backwards; shield on ground to right; ASIS in ex. Siscia 350


New photo
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
ROMAN EMPIRE, Leo I AV Tremissis40 viewsRIC X 611, Depeyrot 93/3 Constantinople (first reign)
15 mm, 1.46 g, 6h
D N LEO PE-RPET AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath in right hand and globe in left hand; star in right
CONOB in exergue
Mark Z
Michael VIII 1261-1282 Constantinople40 viewsObv: Archangel Michael Standing
Rev: Emperor Standing, Holding Labarum-headed Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2283
Anonymous AE Semis40 viewsAnonymous AE Semis. Circa 211 BC. Laureate Bust of Saturn right, S behind / Prow right, S above. Cr56/3; Syd143. 8.79g, 23mm.
Very Good.

Ex Roma Numismatics
124- Vespasian Dup. RIC 478.JPG
Vespasian Dup. RIC 47840 viewsAE Dupondius , 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right.
Rev: SC, Victory flying to left holding shield inscribed SPQR.
28 mm , 9.6 gm.
RIC 478-1, Cohen 464.
PHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Æ Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD.40 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. Ć Sestertius (27mm, 17.86 g, 1h). Struck 247-249 AD. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopiae. RIC IV 168a; Cohen 26. VF, green patina under dusty overtones, minor encrustation on jowl.1 commentssseverus
125- Constantius Hoc Signo.JPG
Constantius Hoc Signo40 viewsAE2 , Siscia mint
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, Diademmed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind star before.
Rev: HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Emperor standing holding labarum and scepter, being crowned from behind by Victory. A in left field.
.(gamma) SIS. in exergue. RIC 286
22mm, 4.3gm.
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)40 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
15088LG.jpg blk.jpg
IONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD. Æ 15mm.40 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Time of Marcus Aurelius, Circa 161-180 AD.
Ć 15mm (2.76 gm).
Obv: The River-God Meles reclining left, holding reed
Rev: Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm.
SNG Copenhagen 1301; Klose pg. 178, Gruppe B (V2/R-).
2 commentsJericho
Constantius II AD 337-361 Sirmium (SIRM) 40 viewsObv: DNCONSTAN-TIVSPFAVG
Rev: Victory with Two Wreaths,
2 commentsLaetvs
Palm-branch (?)40 viewsCILICIA. Aegeae. Severus Alexander. Ć 38. A.D. 228/229 (year 275). Obv: AVTKMAVPCEVAΛEΞAN(ΔPOC)CEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: (AΔPIAΛ)EΞANΔPOVΠO(...AIΓEAIWN), E in field to left, OC in field to right. Bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corintian helmet; Countermark on head. Ref: BMC 36. Axis:195°. Weight: 22.49 g. CM: Palm-branch (?) in rectangular punch, 4 x 7.5 mm.Howgego -. Collection Automan.Automan
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS Legio IIII Flavia Felix40 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. 193-211 AD. AR Denarius - 17mm (3.03 g). Struck 193 AD. Laureate head right / LEG IIII FL, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards. RIC IV 8; BMCRE pg. 616, 10a; RSC 264. VF, obverse a little rough.
40 views171. Silver denarius, 18mm, 3.60g, Rome 13 - 18 September 96 A.D.; IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XVI laureate head right
IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva 4; RIC -, RSC -; Ex. DooCollect

Struck in the final week of Domitian's reign. Since he became emperor on 13 September 81 A.D., at the same date he received his first tribunician office which was renewed yearly. He reached TR P XV on 13 September 96, but five days later he was murdered. Of course, not many coins could have been struck in such a short period and much less survived to our time. The M4 type was not discovered in time for inclusion in Ian Carradice's thesis in late 70's and the coin here appears to be unique.
GORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus.40 viewsGORDIANUS III. 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus - 23mm (4.78 g). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Mars walking right, holding spear and shield. RIC IV 147; RSC 160. EF
1 commentssseverus
Male head right (laureate)40 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Ć 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
Julius Caesar denarius40 viewsDate: 44 BC
Mint: Galia
Obverse: Elephant trampling a snake and CAESAR
Reverse: Pontificisl Emblems

Ex Elaine Fantham collection, pic made by CNG.
1 commentsXulodue
Byzantine Lead Seal, 7th-9th Century40 viewsObv: Cruciform Invocative Monogram Atop Large Wreath
Rev: Five-Line Inscription
25 x 20 mm
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland40 viewsObverse: NUNQUAM ARESCERE. River God reclining facing right, right arm resting on an urn, inscribed CLYDE, from which water flows, left hand holding oar inscribed with St Andrew's cross; in exergue, MDCCXCI (1791).
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: PAYABLE IN LONDON, the rest engrailed.
Dalton & Hamer: 9

This is one of a series of mule halfpennies by Lutwyche. In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.

The inscription NUNQUAM ARESCERE (Never dries) is taken from a passage in Ovid's Metamorphoses, "Naidas his venam, quae nunquam arescere posset, supposuisse ferunt" (They tell us that the Naiads converted them into a stream which never dries).

18th Century Tokens
18th century tokens first appeared in 1787 and were struck in large numbers over the next ten years. They began as payment for workers in the manufacturing and mining industries of the early Industrial Revolution but proved so popular that pieces for general circulation were soon issued. The production of these tokens ended when, in 1797, George III empowered Matthew Boulton, one of the major token manufacturers, to strike official copper coins on behalf of the government at his Soho mint in Birmingham.

Herakles (bearded head right)40 viewsSYRIA: DECAPOLIS. Philadelphia. Titus. Ć 23. A.D. 80/81 (year 143). Obv: (AYTOKPATΩP-TITOCKAICAP). Laureate head right; countermark below chin. Rev: (ΦIΛAΔEΛΦEΩN-LГMP). Laureate head of Herakles (Domitian) right. Ref: RPC 2106; BMC 4; Spijkerman 9; Rosenberger 7. Axis: 330°. Weight: 9.31 g. CM: Bearded head of Herakles right, in circular punch, 7 mm. Howgego 17 (20 pcs). Note: Likely countermarked in connection with next issue of city under Hadrian. Collection Automan.Automan
1816 - 1/2 Kreuzer40 viewsAustrian Galicia
Obv: SCHEIDEMUNZE.K.K. OESTERREICHISCHE - Double headed Austrian eagle in square flag with crown on top.
Rev: 1/2 KREUZER, Denomination and date, Laureate branches below. B-Below.
Mint: Vienna
Ref: KM- 2110
Brian L
Muscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D.40 viewsMuscat and Oman. Faisal bin Turkee A.H. 1306 - 1332 / A.D. 1888 - 1913. Copper 1/4 Anna 1900 A.D. FFAISAL BIN TURKEE / FESSUL BIN TURKEY IMAM MUSCAT AND OMAN, value and date.

Trajan AR Denarius40 viewsTrajan ar denarius AD 103-111
3.54g Rome mint
Laur. head right
Genius stg. L. with patera & cornucopiae, altar before
dotted border
RIC 184, RSC 394.

3 commentssean c2
20- Maximinus RIC 16.JPG
Maximinus RIC 1640 viewsAR Denarius, 235-238 AD , Rome Mint.
Obv- IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right. Bust style-1
Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory Right with wreath and palm.
RIC 16
1 commentsjdholds
Julia Domna, Antioch40 viewsAntioch, Pisidia

draped bust right

Fortuna standing right holding branch and cornucopia

Krzyzanowska, Domna Group A, pp. 147-9, pl. X; SNG von Aulock 4930
wildwinds example (this coin)
Ae 22mm; 4.87g
5 commentsRobin Ayers
212- Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius.JPG
Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius40 viewsAE Sestertius, 184-185 AD
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT. Laureate head right.
Reverse: P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P S-C, Victory seated right on pile of arms, inscribing sheild on her knee. VICT BRIT in exergue.
Cohen 946; RIC 452; BMC 560
28mm , 20.7 gm.
Jerome Holderman
Constantius II 40 viewsConstantius II AE3. DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman. TRP (crescent) in ex. RIC 359? var. or 358


The mint mark is missing but the style matches Trier
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
PHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-10240 viewsPHILIP SENIOR 244-249 A.D. AE 28 ROS-102
O:bust r, radiate draped
R:eagle displayed supporting a wreath containing 3 figures in centre ,city-goddest standing l hand on standard .
Demeter standing r hand resting on sceptre ortorch on r agod nude standing r.
294 Constantius II.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VIII 189, Thessalonica40 viewsObv: DN CONSTANTINIVS PF AVG
Bust: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Soldier spearing fallen horseman, FH3 - reaching.
Exe: SMTS "A" in field left
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 350-355 AD
Denom: Ae3
Ref: RIC VIII 189
Rated "C3"
306-augustus as-ctmk01.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P. Lurius Agrippa moneyer (7 BC)40 viewsobv: [CAESAR] AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (with AVG countermark)
ref: RIC I 426
9.18gms, 26mm
ADRIANO, Side Panfilia, AE19, 117-138 d.C.40 viewsBronzo AE 19, zecca di Side, 117-138 d.C., Adriano
3.692 gr, 19.0 mm, 0°, B+
D/ KAICAP ADPIANOC, testa laureata a dx
R/ CIDHTWN, Atena che avanza a sx tenendo melograno e scudo, serpente a sinistra ai piedi.
SNG France 798, Lindgren 1160
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (25 febbraio 2008, numero catalogo 81); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
Constantius II40 viewsO: D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, Emperor facing r., rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, , Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing fallen horsemen; shield on ground at r. Horseman wears pointed cap, turns to face soldier and extends l. arm.
Ex. Gamma SIS zigzag
18mm 2.46g RIC VIII Siscia 362 355-361 A.D.
1673 Maundy Threepence40 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
.16 73.

1 commentsrexesq
Swedish Livonia. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1647.40 viewsSwedish Livonia. Riga. Christina 1632 - 1654 AR Schilling 1647. CHRISTINA D:G: RE.S.E. , Crowned C with Vasa arms inside / SOLIDVS CIVI RIG 47. Arms in cartouche, date in legend.

KM 21
1 commentsoneill6217
Interregnum, Macedonia40 viewsBronze coin
Macedonian shield with gorgoneion.
3.94 gram
16.9 mm
AMNG 174, 7
1 commentscwonsidler
Constans40 viewsConstans AE Centenionalis. D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind bust / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arms up, A to left, dot BSIS dot in ex. RIC VIII Siscia 254, rated C2 (lol). 1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Nero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint40 viewsNero 54-68 A.D caesarea maritima mint
Obv:bust r. in front star
Rev:Human to r,foot on prow holding in l sceptre.
Caria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C., Silver tetartemorion40 viewsCaria or Ionia, c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Silver tetartemorion, uncertain mint
0.231g, 6.4mm, 90°
Obv.: forepart of roaring lion left
Rev.: bird standing right within incuse square, pellet lower left and upper right
SNG Turkey I 940

Nikomedes II40 viewsNikomedes II Tetradrachm
35 mm 15.65 gm
Diademed head right
Zeus standing left, wreath in right, scepter in left, in inner left field eagle on thunderbolt over monogram and NP
4 commentsKoffy
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #140 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L.RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #1
avers:- Bust of Minerva right, wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, behind, DOS.
revers:- Triumphal quadriga with side-panel decorated with thunderbolt right, above, Victory with outspread wings in biga, in exergue, L.RVBRI.
exerg: -/-//L.RVBRI, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford-348-3, Syd-707, Rubria 3,
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - MANUEL I40 viewsBronze tetarteron, S 1980, uncertain mint, obverse to left Q / G / e , to right W / GI / O / C (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion and holding spear and shield; reverse MANMHL DeCPOT (or similar), Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros and holding labarum and globus cruciger;dpaul7
ANTIOCH 01 [9]b SMANT[delta,epsilon]40 viewsRIC - (see 85 and 91)
The SMANT[officina] mark was used on the Campgate issues but only on a small number of dies at the start of the GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 standard coinage. It is attested by RIC 85, representing Gloria issues of Constantine I in workshops 2 and 4 but not for any other ruler. The officina mark (delta+epsilon, or 4+5=9) is another way of writing theta, sometimes considered an unlucky letter since it could stand for 'Thanatos' (Death).
Its extreme rarity means that this mark must belong to a very short period, presumably around May 330 at the very beginning of the Gloria coinage (and associated city commemorative issues). Only two VRBS ROMA coins are known with this mark, both struck from the same dies, giving further evidence of this issue's rarity. Weight 2.65g.
AE-Bug, #12,40 viewsAE-Bug, #12,
size: 11-13,5mm,
weight: 1,95g,
Aizanoi pseudo-autonomous AE2440 viewsAizanoi, Phrygia, pseudo-autonomous AE24, 3. Century AD.
Obv: IEPA BOVΛH, laureate and draped bust of Boulé right.
Rev: AIZANЄΩN, turreted Cybele seated right, holding patera and tympanon; lion at her feet.
24 mm, 5.11 g
SNG Aul. 3339
Egypt, Alexandria, Antoninus Pius, Dattari 2368 cf.40 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE - Billon-tetradrachm, 23mm, 13.9g
AD 143/144 (year 7)
Head, laureate, r.
rev. Bearded Serapis, in himation and wearing kalathos, std. l. on throne, holding
sceptre in l. hand and holding r. hand over Kerberos, std. l. at his feet; on the
back of the throne a small Nike advancing r., holding wreath in raised hand.
in the field L - Z (year 7)
Köln 1443; Dattari cf.2368 (position of date); SNG Copenhagen cf.448f. (without Nike)
about VF
Troas, Alexandreia, Severus Alexander, Bellinger A33140 viewsSeverus Alexander AD 222-235
AE 25, 8g
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. COL - ALE - AV / TRO
Perspective view of the distyle temple of Apollo Smintheus with front-side r., The long-side shows a brickwork, the roof is covered with square plates, clipeus in pediment. Within statue of the god r., holding bow and arrow, quiver on back, tripod at feet.
Bellinger A331 (type 13); SNG Copenhagen 164; BMC 118f.
rare, F+

The temple of Apollo Smintheus was situated south of ancient Alexandria Troas. Today fundaments, fragments of the column-rows and large parts of the temple ornamentic are preserved. So the splendid design of this hellenistic temple could be suspected even today!
336-323 BC - Alexander (III) The Great - Club, Bow and Case Reverse40 viewsKing: Alexander (III) The Great (r. 336-323 BC)
Date: 336 - about 300 BC?
Condition: Fair
Size: AE17

Obverse: Head of Herakles right

Reverse: AΛEΞANΔPOY between club above and bow and case below.

Unknown mint
3.70g; 17.8mm; 30°
Alexius 1 Comnenus40 viewsHard pressed by Turkish invaders, Alexius 1 asked the Pope for help. The result was the First Crusade which succeeded in capturing the Holy Land. If not for the Crusade, Constantinople might have fallen and Europe would be in danger. goldcoin
40 viewsRugser
Alexander III of Macedon AR Tetradrachm ca 310 BC40 viewsOBV: Head of Herakles with lionskin headdress
REV: Zeus Ateophotos seated left holding eagle and scepter, ALEXANDROY vertical to right of scepter. Obscure date or mintmark under eagle.

The style of the coin strongly suggests the Ake mint (possibly Price 3301 or similar) with bellcovers on the throne legs and the slanted footstool on which Zeus rests his feet. The posture and arrangement of his robes also was typical of Ake tetradrachmae in the decade following Alexander's death in 323 BC. The weight of Ake tetradrachms is almost uniformly 17.1 gm ( Newell: The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake) corresponding exactly to this coin.

Bought at the Baltimore coin show 2010

Diam 26 mm, wt 17.1 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Pontos, Amisos, AE2440 views24 mm, 21.08 g
obv: head right wearing bashlyk
rev: AMIΣOY; quiver and unstrung bow.
5 commentsareich
Anastasius I 491-518 AC.40 viewsAE Follis of Anastasius I 491-518 AC.

Weight: 15.6gr
Ř:35 mm

Obv: ANASTASIVS PP AVG - Anastasius right

Rev: M in center, Cross above, star to either side of M.

Minted in Constantinople between 512-518AC.

Condition: gF/gF

Ref: Sear 16 - Berk 5

Jorge C
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !40 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), AR-Obulus, U-185, #01,Rare !
avers:- .
revers:- .
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,5 mm, weight: 0,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-185, CHN-CP-044, Huszar-259,
1 commentsquadrans
Andronicus II 1282-1328 Thessalonica40 viewsObv: St. Demetrius Standing (indistinct)
Rev: Emperor Holding Large Patriarchal Cross and Akakia, Star in Left Field
Sear 2377
bust of Roma left in plumed helmet, imperial cloak & ornamental mantle
Rev: wolf & twins left, 2 stars above
SMALDin ex.
17mm 2.6gm
Denarius Anonym "Gens"240 viewsMint:Roma
211/206 BC
moneta romana
Antiochos VIII tetradrachm40 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VIII Epiphanes (Grypos). 121/0-97/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 15.86 g, 12h). Ake-Ptolemais mint. Struck circa 121/0-113 BC. Diademed head right / Zeus Ouranios standing left; monogram to outer left; all within wreath. SC 2336.2a; HGC 9, 1197h2 commentsareich
Antiochus II40 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Newell ESM 189, SNG Spaer 390, Houghton 963, VF/F, Seleucia on Tigris mint, 16.55g, 29.5mm, 90o, c. 255-246 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Antiochus I right; reverse , Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow with right, resting left hand on grounded bow, monogram outer left, monogram outer rightJay G
Antioch S & P Syria Mint Elagabalus Bronze Coin40 viewsElagabalus 218 - 222 AD Antioch Mint S &P Syria
Bronze 23 mm 5.3 gram coin
Obverse: Bust right. Reverse: AE within wreath _2000

Antonivs Protti
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII ANTIQVAE40 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right mast with banners at prow

Legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31 BC

SEAR 1480

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Jay GT4
Topalov 45 - Silver Drachm40 views450-424 or 410/404 B.C.
2.89 gm, 15 mm
Obv: Gorgon head facing, snaky ringlets circle face.
Rev.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 45; p. 348, 9
Sear 1655var; BMC Mysia p.9, 11

Topalov Type: "Full-Face Gorgon's Head – Upright Anchor, a crab on the right, the letter A on the left or the letter A on the right and a crab on the left" Main Issue (450-424 or 410/404 B.C.)
Obv.: Full-face Gorgon's head in the classical Attic style. Gorgon's features are noble in conformity with the Attic manner of portraying her and Gorgon has more human hair in addition to the snakes.
Rev.: Upright anchor with large flukes, the letter A on one side, a crab as an additional symbol viewed from above on the other side. The image in a concave circle.
Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm40 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Phrygia, Apameia, pseudo-autonomous, BMC 9040 viewsAE 19, 3.29g
struck c. 3rd century AD
obv. DH - MOC
Bust of Demos, bearded, draped, laureate(?), r.
rev. APA - MEW - N (starting right above)
Marsyas, nude, nebris flowing behind him, advancing r., playing double
BMC 90; SNG Copenhagen 200

Marsyas playing the auloi, the typical double-flute. Actually the auloi was not a simple flute but a tongued instrument so more like an oboe. Both parts often were tuned in the distance of an octave but that could be changed. Here you can clearly see the grip holes.
2 commentsJochen
ARMENIA Houtoum II Kardez.jpg
CILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II40 viewsCILICIAN ARMENIA - Hethoum II - 1289 - 1293. AE Kardez. 21 mm. 3.3 gm.
Obverse: Bust of crowned king. Reverse: Ornate patriarchal cross with branches below. Bedoukian 1608.
AS Gordiano III RIC 306b.jpg
69-35 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)40 viewsAE AS 23 x 24 mm 10.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[P M TR] P IIII COS II P P - S C" - Emperador con vestido militar de pié a derecha, portando una lanza transversal con mano derecha y globo en mano de brazo izquierdo extendido.

Acuńada 9na. Emisión de 241 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.6ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #306b Pag.49 - Sear RCTV (1988) #2499 var - Cohen Vol.V #255 Pag.46 - DVM #120 var Pag.226
Turkey, Pergamum - Asclepion40 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
40 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
One nummus
Augustus AE18 of Philippi, Macedonia40 viewsAugustus AE18
43 BC - 14 AD
Philippi, Macedonia
Victory on column right, holding wreath and palm
Cohortis Praetor of Philippi; Three standards
Moushmov 6919, SGI 32
Augustus 4.jpg
Augustus As40 viewsAE As - Posthmous issues by Tiberius.
Obv: DIVVS AVGUSTVS PATER; rad. hd. of Augustus left.
Rev: S C ; eagle on globe
Cohen 247
1 commentsTanit
augustus berytos AE22.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE22 of Berytus 40 viewsobv: IMP.CAES AVGVSTVS (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: COL.IVL (founder plowing with two oxen, left)
ref: BMC 52, RPC 4540,
mint: Berytus
8.45gms, 22mm

Colony Berytus (modern Beirut) in Phoenicia. Augustus sent to it part of the veterans takens from two legions (V Macedonica and VIII Augusta) as a reinforcement to the first military settlers of Julius Caesar.

Rev. SC winged thunderbolt

Copper as.
Issued under Tiberius in honour of Augustus
Titus Pullo
40 viewsGAUL, Uncertain mint (Treveri?). Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Ć Quadrans(?) (17mm, 2.7g)
Germanus Indutilli L(ibertus), magistrate. Struck circa 10 BC.
Diademed male head right
Bull butting left
RPC I 506; RIC I 249; Scheers, Traite" 216
Denarius from Civil war 67-68 AD from the Caesar Avgvstvs type.40 viewsDenarius minted during the very early stages of the Civil war of 67-68. Certainly Spain. Very early Galba or local support of Vindex before Galba's formal challenge to Nero (or local challenge to Nero without ref. to Vindex).
3.61 grs.
Difficult coins with a few hybrids. Legends - by definition - unofficial.
Observe : CAESAR AVGVSTVS. Laureate head of Avgvstvs right.
Reverse : Victory walking left and holding a shield (CLV within). SENAT (S) P Q (R). Remaining on the right unreadable.
Seems to belong to the A 25 type according to Peter Hugo Martin (but the A25 strictly has a AVGVSTVS DIVI F observe legend).

1 commentslabienus
Gaul, Aulerci Eburovices electrum Hemistater (60-50 BC)40 viewso/ Stylized human head left, hair represented by three parallel lines; behind, a serie of dots and a little cross; below, a jewel; beaded cord around the cheek and a small boar upside down at the base of the neck
r/ Stylized horse leaping left, with the remains of the auriga above the horse, a boar left between the legs, a sort of Y before the horse's chest.
Titulature avers : Anépigraphe.
Description avers : Tęte humaine stylisée ŕ gauche, les cheveux figurés par trois lignes parallčles ; derričre, séries de globules et une croisette ; au-dessous, un fleuron ; cordon perlé entourant la joue ; un petit sanglier ŕ l’envers ŕ la base du cou.
Titulature revers : Anépigraphe.
Description revers : Cheval stylisé bondissant ŕ gauche, avec les restes de l'aurige au-dessus du cheval ; un sanglier ŕ chauche entre les jambes ; une sorte de Y devant le poitrail du cheval.
Extremely rare (horse left).
Evreux area, Eure (Northwest France)
19mm. 2.79g
DT 2406
Ex Numisnormandie (Emmanuel Lecoeur)
3 commentsAugustin Caron
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,40 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
AUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I40 viewsAUSTRIA - Franz Joseph I (1848-1916) AR 1 Corona, 1908. Commemorative of 60th year of reign. KM#2808.dpaul7
Bactria Dracma Menander.jpg
Reino Greco-Bactriano – Menandro (160 - 145 A.C.)40 viewsAR Dracma 17 x 15 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: :"BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHρOΣ MENANΔρOY" - Busto coronado con diadema del Rey, vestido con manto viendo a derecha.
Rev: : Athena Alkidemos (Atenea) blandiendo rayo y portando un escudo en el que se observa perfectamente la cabeza de la Gorgona. Monograma a la derecha del campo y leyendas Maharajasa tratasa Menandrasa escritas en jaroshti, que indican lo mismo del anverso. Monograma en campo izquierdo.

Acuńada: 160 – 145 A.C.
Ceca: Bactria o Bactriana (norte de los actuales Afganistán, Pakistán e India).

Referencias: RS #261 – Sear GCTV Vol.2 #7600 Pag.716 - HD #4110 – Mitchiner #215t – B.M.C. (India) #15 Pag.45 – SNGFab #474 - SNG Vol.VII #1404 var. - SNG Cop.#290
1 commentsmdelvalle
Barbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #340 viewsBarbar-Sarmata AE-coin or pendant ???, #3
avers:- II...III, Bare headed and cuirassed bust left.
revers:- I..I, Geometrical, figures,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 1,64g, axes: 9h,
mint: Sarmata ???, date: , ref: ,
distribution: ,
Barbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,40 viewsBarbarous Imitation, Tertricus-I, AE-3, Q-022,
avers:- Confusing text - ..-IV APIA..., Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- Confusing text- ...AVG, .
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: 14mm, weight:1,09g, axis: 4h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
Barbaric Imitative Tetricus40 viewsTetricus I AE Antoninianus, IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG,radiate bust right / LAETITIA AVGG, unofficial mint, 271-273 ADNORMAN K
Phoenicia, Berytos, Elagabal, SNG Copenhagen 11840 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 26, 12.47g
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Poseidon, in himation, advancing r., head l., holding his trident in l. arm, raising
the nymph Beroe, kneeling l. before him, looking up to him; the nymph, in
transparent chiton, scooping water with a jar, the l. hand raised in defense.
SNG Copenhagen 118; BMC 183; Lindgren II, 120, 2268
Very rare, about EF, chocolate-brown patina

The group of statues from the rev. decorates the pedimentum of the main temple of the city of Berytos, todays Beirut in Liban. For the love of Beroe have struggled Poseidon and Dionysos until Zeus ended the battle and gave Beroe to Poseidon who gave the city the honor to win each naval battle.
For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
1 commentsJochen
D5. Parium Mysia, Silver Hemidrachm40 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Gorgoneion with protruding tongue.
Rev: Anepigraphic
Incuse square containing cruciform pattern with pellet at center.
2.8 gm, 11 mm
Comment: I judged this little coin to be a modern forgery after reading Richard Goldborough's article on the type in the June 2004 edition of The Celator (pg 21). The tell is the very low obverse relief with the borderless Gorgon blending into the edge of the coin. Add to that the apparent application of artificial toning and you have a modern day fake. I suspect there are a lot of these catalogued as legitimate in Greek coin collections.
B7. Heraclea RIC VII,16 C140 viewsAe3 3 gm 19 mm Struck: 317 Mark: MHTB
Laureate and draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand; mappa in right hand.
Six tiered campgate surmounted by three beacons (no star).
Comment: Retains significant silver. Added to the series after Licinius' defeat in their first civil war. Initially only issued by Licinius. (See album of same).
E2. Siscia RIC VII 61, R1.40 viewsArgenteus, 3.1 gm, 20 mm, Struck: 319-320, Mark: BSIS•
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left, holding spear over left shoulder and shield on left arm.
Two Victories resting shield, inscribed VOT/PR, on altar.
M6. Macedonia (Alexander III)40 viewsAe20, 3.4 gm, 18.2 mm, 323-320 BC, Sear (GC) 6739
Obv: Anepigraphic with head of young Heracles right, capped in lion's skin.
Club above legend, bow in case below.
N1. Licinius, Siscia RIC 160, S, 320-21 AD40 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Laureate head, right.
Laurel wreath around VOT/XX
3.9 gm 19 mm Ae3 Exergue: BSIS*
E3. Gordian III (238-244)40 viewsObv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, left.
Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting left arm on lyre.
Antoninianus, 5.1 gm, 22.6 mm, Rome RIC 88
History: Inheritor of a vast family fortune following the failed revolt of Gordians I and II, he was appointed Caesar under the subsequent, but short lived co-rule of the Emperors Pupienus and Balbinus. Aged thirteen, the first three years of rule came under the close guidance of the Senate, but in 341 he appointed Timesitheus to command the Praetorian Guard and help guide him through the growing chaos created by barbaric incursions. During the greatly successful campaign against the Sasanian king Shapur I, his mentor unexpectedly died and was replaced by Philip. Prosecution of the war immediately went sour culminating in the death of the Emperor probably by the instigation of the one most benefitted by it.
7. Constantius I as Caesar40 viewsFollis 9.3 gm 27.3 mm
Laureate head, left.
Genius standing, left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted 297/99 at Cyzicus. mm: KB RIC VI, 11a
Alexander III40 viewsAlexander the great
AE17 336-323 BC
Obverse:Head of Alexander the Great as Herakles wearing lion's skin
Reverse:Club and quiver between ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ;A below

16.52mm 6.04gm

Price 332
Caracalla - Felicitas40 viewsDenarius 197
O/ M AUR ANTON - CAES PONTIF Boy's bare-headed bust draped right
R/ IMP-ERII - FELICITAS Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus downwards and child at breast on arm
C 95 - RIC 9
Mint: Rome (9th off., 15th emission)
Bare head of Caligula left.
Vesta seated on ornate chair left,
holding patera and scepter.

BM-46, Paris-54, C-27, RIC-38.
A.D. 37-38
10.61gm 29 mm
3 commentsgoldenancients
Caracalla AE26 Tetrassarion, Odessos, Thrace.40 viewsAVT K M AVP CEOVH-POC AHTOHEIHOC, laureate head right,

ΟΔΗCCΕΙΤΩΝ, Great god of Odessos standing left, wearing kalathos, holding patera over flaming altar and cornucopia.

AMNG Vol II, , No. 2284, Pg 565.

Varbanov I 4373

Odessos is the Greek name for this city known today as Varna, a port on the Black Sea coastline of Bulgaria. It was founded as a trading centre by Miletians as early as the 7th century BC.
2 commentsGaiusCaligula
Roman Empire, CARACALLA Denarius, RIC 184, Pax40 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Pax running left holding branch & scepter

Minted at Rome, 211 AD
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla," 198 - 217 AD 40 viewsObv: M ANTΩNINOC KAICAP, bare headed, draped bust of Caracalla facing right.

Countermarks: Nike standing right holding wreath; laureate head of Caracalla (?) facing right.

Rev: NIKAIEΩN, hexastyle temple with shield in pediment.

Ć 26, Nicaea, Bithynia, c. 196 - 198 AD

9.3 grams, 25.5 mm, 0°

Rec Gen 405 var (reverse legend arrangement)

Many thanks to Forvm member Tom for his help in identifying this coin.
SPQR Coins
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 223, Rome, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #140 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 223, Rome, MARTI PRO PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- MARTI-PRO-PVGNATORI, Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,32g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-223, p-217, C-150,
3 commentsquadrans
Caracalla AR Denaius, Supperb. 3,17g.,19mm 40 viewsRef Caracalla Denarius, RIC 54b, RSC 175cf, BMC 262
Caracalla Denarius. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PART MAX PONT TR P IIII, two Persians bound & seated back to back at base of trophy. RSC 175.
1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caracalla Sestertius40 viewsObv. M AVREL ANTONINVS PIVS BRIT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev. SECVRITATI PERPETVAE S C, Securitas seated right, Holding scepter, altar to her feet.
Mint: Rome, 213 A.D.

30-31mm 24.41g

RIC 512
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'40 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
Caracalla Prov40 viewsFrom Isegrim per archivum (

PZ : Between 198 and 217
Technical details
M : AE
GEW: 13.39(1)
Bibliographical references
ZIT: SNG AUL 590(1) / WEISER SLG KOELN S345,17(1)
Additional remarks

Thanks to achivum/slokind/Jochen/Curtis Clay for attribution help!
40 viewsareich
Centenional Constantino I RIC VII Ticinum 82.jpg
A121-50 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)40 viewsAE3 Centenional 17 x 15 mm 2.8 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG" - Busto militar con yelmo laureado y coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP" - Dos Victorias de pié enfrentadas, sosteniendo un escudo en el que se inscribe "VOT PR" en dos líneas, sobre un altar. "P T" en exergo.

Acuńada 318/9 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Ticinum) #82 Pag.372 - Cohen Vol.VII #640? Pag.305 - DVM #90 var Pag.292 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8259.k. Pag.166 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3883
Ceylon40 viewsKm127 - 1 Cent - 1971
Km128 - 2 Cents - 1971
Km141.2 - 25 Cents - 1991 (Sri Lanka)
Km132 - 50 cents - 1965
Daniel F
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type40 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Charles I H-C Img.jpg
A.D. 1625-1649 - Charles 1st - Tower Mint - Half Crown40 viewsObv:- CAROLVS : D. G. : MAG : BRI : FRA : ET : HIB : REX , Charles riding horse left, with upright sword, cloak flies from king's shoulder
Rev:- CHRISTO . AVSPICE . REGNO, Round garnished shield
Minted in London (Tower Mint), mintmark R in brackets both sides, A.D. 1644-1645
Reference:- S. 2778
Crusader - Charles II of Anjou, Frankish Greece - Achaea, AR denier, 1285-1289 AD40 viewsCharles II of Anjou
Frankish Greece: Achaea
AR denier – 18mm
Clarentia mint, 1285-1289 AD
cross patée
castle tornouis surmounted by cross
Malloy 12
Chile40 viewsKm176.1 - 1 Peso - 1933 - (1933)
Km207 - 1 Peso - 1975 - (1975)
Km208a - 1 Peso - 1978 - (1978-1979)
Km216.2 - 1 Peso - 1992 - (1988-1992)
Km231 - 1 Peso - 1996 - (1992-2006)
Km217.2 - 5 Pesos - 1989 - (1988-1990)
Km232 - 5 Pesos - 1995 - (1992-1995)
Daniel F
JEN TSUNG (1796-1820)40 viewsReign title: CHAI-CH'ING, AD 1796-1820Daniel F
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.40 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
Cilicia-Seleukeia AE24.JPG
Cilicia, Seleukeia, AE2440 viewsCilicia, Seleukeia, AE24
1st century BC - 1st century AD
Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of Athena right.
Reverse: SELEUKEWN TWN PROS TWI KALUKADNWI, Nike advancing left with wreath and palm. Monogram left.
SNG PFPS 1010 (Same obverse die)
24mm, 7.68gm
Jerome Holderman
claudius II aequitas comn.JPG
Claudius II RIC V-1 Antioch 197 40 viewsAE 18-19 mm 3.6 grams 268-270 AD
IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG.. Radiated and drapped bust right
AEQVITAS AVG Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
H in exergue
RIC V (1) 197 Antioch
from uncleaned lot 10/07
1 commentsJohnny
Claudius Quadran.jpg
Claudius - Modius Quadran40 viewsQuadran, 2.34 g, 18 mm, 6 h, 42-43 AD

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG around a 3-legged modius

Reverse: PON M TR P IMP P P COS II around S.C

Rome mint

RIC I 90
CLAVDIVS Minerva.jpg
Claudius Minverva40 viewsT CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP

Rev. Minerva advancing with spear and shield SC

Rome 42 AD


Sear 1862

Titus Pullo
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm.40 viewsKingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Early-mid 3rd century BC. Diademed head of the deified Alexander right / BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros seated left.2 commentsancientone
Constantius II40 viewsSMTS Thessalonica 189randy h2
501. Constantine I Trier SARMATIA DEVICTA40 viewsCONSTAN - TINVS AVG
laureated head right

Victoria holding trophy and palm advancing right, captive at her feet

STR crescent

reduced follis struck 323 / 324 in Trier ( Treveri )

C.487 - RIC.435

4 commentsecoli
Lyons, Wolf & Twins40 viewsVRBS ROMA

She wolf suckling Romulus and Remes, two stars above

dot in crescent PLG

RIC VII Lyons 257
1 commentsarizonarobin
commodus as-.jpg
166-177 AD - COMMODUS Caesar AE As - struck 175-176 AD40 viewsobv: COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM (draped bust right)
rev: SPES PVBLICA (Spes walking left holding flower & raising hem of skirt), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1544 (M.Aurelius), C.710
mint: Rome
8.92gms, 25mm

Commodus is known to have been at Carnuntum, Marcus Aurelius’s headquarters during the Marcomannic Wars, in 172. It was presumably there that, on 15 October 172, he was given the victory title Germanicus in the presence of the army. The title suggests that Commodus was present at his father’s victory over the Marcomanni. Even the title of Sarmaticus he was given in 175.
During the preparations for the campaign against Cassius in Syria, the prince assumed his toga virilis on the Danubian front on July 7, 175, thus formally entering adulthood.
Commodus dupondius40 viewsP M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P PTibsi
Marcus Aurelius AE Dupondius.40 viewsMarcus Aurelius AE Dupondius. 177-178 AD. M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXXII, radiate head right / IMP VIIII COS III P P S-C, Aequitas standing standing left holding scales & cornucopiae. RIC 1232
sear5 #5034
Antonio Protti
Constantine I CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE RIC VI Rome 19640 viewsFollis, 25mm, 4.83g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, laureate head R.

Reverse: CONSERVATO-RES VRBS SVAE, Roma in hexastyle temple, seated facing head L, holding spear and globe. Plain pediment, knobs as akroteria.

Exe R*Q

RIC VI 196, Rome, early autumn 307, Common.

Const1 71.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VI 141, Aquileia40 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Bust: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Mars, helmeted, standing right and looking left, holding reversed spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: AQT
Date: 312-313 AD
RIC VI 141
Denom: Follis
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC 255.jpg
Constans GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS RIC VII Siscia 25540 viewsAE4, 16x17mm, 1.14g.

Obverse: FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers facing, holding spears. one standard between.


RIC VII Siscia 255, 335-6, R4.
constans twin vic com.JPG
Constans twin Victories40 viewsAE 15 mm 1.8 grams
OBV :: CONSTANS-PF AVG.Pearl diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN. Two victories standing facing inwards, holding wreaths above. Upright palm branch in center
EX :: SMT_B (Thessalonica)
RIC VIII Thessalonica 105var
RIC rated R
unlisted headware, in the collection of Jon Lafalce, appears to be an unlisted series ( from heletica spreatsheet)
Constans- Gloria Excercitus.jpg
Constans- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right


CONSTANS: Constans
AVG: Augustus, emperor

GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 14 mm.

Mint SMALΔ Egypt, Alexandria mint, after 340 A.D. Officina Δ delta, (fourth Officina). RIC VIII 20 of Alexandria / Late Roman Bronze Coinage # LRBC 1463
John Schou
Constans AE3 333-337 AD40 viewsOBV: FL CONSTANTIS BEAC; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: GLORI-AEXERC-ITUS; Two soldiers standing with inverted spears and leaning on shields, two military standards between.
in Exergue: dot ASIS dot
RIC VII 238 Siscia mint,

The coin is the only type using the genitive inflection in the legends FLavii CONSTANTIS BEAtissimus Caesaris or "of Flavius Constans, most blessed Caesar". This is common in Greek coins but otherwise unknown in Roman coins. All others are given in the nominative or occasionally the dative case eg. "divo constantino" (per Gert). Constans was only 10-13 years of age when the coin was issued.
Constans' father had established Christianity in Rome and his grandmother Helena was a Saint (or religious fanatic, if you prefer). Additionally Constantine had other older sons who might succeed him. Though it is only a guess I think that the young Constans expressed a desire to join the church rather than compete for imperial power and thus inspired this coin.

Rarity R4 wt 2.4 gms
1 commentsdaverino
Siscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!40 viewsSiscia, RIC VIII 232, 146 Constans (333-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-350 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, C4!
avers:- DN-CONSTA-NS-PF-AVG, Cn8, D3, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on pile of ashes.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 2,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 348-50 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-232-p366, C4!
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC 258.jpg
Constantine I VIRTVS EXERCIT RIC VII Trier 25840 viewsAE3, 14x16mm, 3.71g.

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS AVG, Helmeted and Cuirassed Bust R.

Reverse: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, VOT/XX on standard between two captives.

Exe PTR (Trier Officina 1).

RIC VII 258, 320, R4.
Constantine I.jpg
Constantine I SALVIS40 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART ; Carthage stg. l. holding fruitsTanit
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Rome Commemorative40 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 338 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial ornamental mantle, visored and crested helmet.

VRBS ROMA, The City of Rome

VRBS: City
ROMA: Rome

Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, The glory of the army

GLOR-IA : Glory

Two soldiers standing facing one another, each holding spear and resting hand on shield on ground, standard in center.

Domination: Bronze AE4, size 15-16 mm

Mint: the last letter its a Δ (Delta, fourth Officina) , if thats so.. RIC VIII Heraclea 28, rated S. 330-333 or 335.

There are three possible mints for this coin. It all depends on the third letter.
SMH( ) - Heraclea
SMN( ) - Nicomedia
SMK( ) - Cyzicus

Heraclea had 5 officinae working at this time. Nicomedia had 4 and Cyzicus had 6.
John Schou
Constantine Death Commemorative40 viewsJust a common little coin with nice detail
RIC VIII Const 37
2 commentsGhengis_Jon
Constantine 140 viewsThe first Christian Emperor.goldcoin
Constantine I40 viewsAE 3 18.8x19.8mm
Bust left, spear over right shoulder,
ornate helmet
2 Victories facing altar; VOT PR on altar.
2 commentsgparch
Ticinium VOT XXX ST and QT40 viewsJames b4
Constantine II- GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Obverse :
Laureate and cuirassed bust right


IVN: Junior
NOB: Noble
C: Caesar

GLORIA EXERCITVS, the glory of the army


Two soldiers each holding spear and shield and flanking one standard with Chi-Rho

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 17 mm

Mint: PLG Prima Lugdunum (Prima= 1st Oficina). Minted before 340 AD. Ref. Lyons VIII Lyons 6. Rarity: Common (C).
John S
Constantine I AD330-AD346 40 viewsDie axis 180 degrees
Sear 3785 RIC 114
Ticinum mint
3 commentsPaul D3
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)40 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
2 commentslaney
constantinus I  Glor exer combined.JPG
Constantine I RIC VII Heraclea 12640 viewsAE 17-18 mm 2.2g 330-335 AD
OBV :: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG. rosetted diademed, Draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Glor-iaexerc-itvs . Two soldiers standing with shields and spears on ground, two standards between them
EX :: SMHA ( Heraclea )
RIC VII Heraclea 126
RIC rated R4
from uncleaned lot
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,40 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Trier, RIC VII 389, -/-//•STR Crescent, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, Altar,
avers:-CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1, D2, Helmeted cuirassed head right.
revers:-BEATA-TRANQ-VILLITAS, Globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX, above tree stars.
exerg: -/-//•STR Crescent, diameter: 18,5-20 mm, weight: 2,99g, axes: 1h,
mint: Trier, date: 323 A.D., ref: RIC VII 389, p-199, c2,
136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #240 views136 Constantinus-I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 120, -/-//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Vexillum and captives, R3!!!, #2
avers:- CONST-A-NTINVS-AVG, 1, Helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT,1, D2, S/F over HL monogram, Vexillum reading VOT/XX; seated captive on either side.
exergo: -/-//ΓSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref:RIC-VII-120, p-439, 3rd.-off., R3!!!,
Constantius I Concordia Militium.jpg
Constantius I- Concordia Militium40 viewsConstantius I, May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right


FL: Flavius
VAL: Valentinus
NOB: Noble
CAES: Caes


MILITVM: Military

Constantius standing right receiving victory on globe from Jupiter standing left.

Domination: Copper post-reform radiate, AE 3, Size 21 mm.

Mint: ALE for Alexandria. Officiana marking could be either A (Alpha first Oficina) or Δ = Delta is fourth Oficina. Rarity listed as C

I would venture to say it is RIC 48a of Alexandria struck 296-297
John Schou
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,40 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-1 Follis, RIC VI 36a, Aquilea, SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR,
avers:- CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 36a, p-316,
121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,40 views121 Constantius-I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 33a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- FL-VAL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo:XX/B/I// ALE, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 301 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-33a, p-665, C2,
Constantius II : GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsConstantius II, as Caesar (A.D. 317-337), Bronze Folles, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), second officina, A.D. 335-337, laureate and cuirassed bust right, FL IVL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, rev., GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing wither side of two standards, TRS• in exergue
(RIC 546, HRIC Constantius 72, Cohen 104), 17mm

ex Killingholme Hoard (The hoard was discovered by metal detectorists in 1993 near the village of Killingholme, which is situated on the south bank of the Humber estuary, near to the modern Immingham docks. The find consisted of approximately 3700 Constantinian bronze reduced folles, mainly from mints in the Western empire and predominately struck in the A.D. 320's and early 330's. It is likely that the hoard was deposited c. A.D 333-334.
Petrus Blasimus
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Thessalonica 12940 viewsConstantius II, 324 - 361, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2, 5.65g
Thessalonica 3. officina, 1 March 350 - 25 Dec. 350
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
A behind head
Helmeted soldier to l., shield on l. arm, spearing falling horseman; shield on
ground at r. Horseman wearing pointed cap and sitting on ground beside
horse (type FH2)
A in l. field
exergue: TS Gamma
RIC VIII, Thessalonica 129
Scarce, VF

This is the more rare type with the sitting horseman! In Helvetica's list the horseman wears a Phrygian bonnet.
Constantius II FT Constantinople40 viewsConstantius II Centenionalis, CONSTANTINOPLE, 324 - 361 AD, 5.08g, 23mm, Struck 351 - 355 AD
Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Soldier right and looking left,
spears a fallen horseman with a pointed beard and reaching back towards soldier with arm. Mint mark: [Gamma] in the left field and
Exe: CONSA[star] Constantinople mint AD 351-355 = RIC VIII, p. 454, 82,
1 commentsRomanorvm
Constantine the Great40 viewsConstantine I - London Mint - AE2 - RIC VI 280

O: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys draped over left shoulder, holding up globe and right hand high. Star in left field, Mintmark: PLN.

2.9g, 19.7/21.5mm, 180 degree die axis

Constantine the Great40 viewsConstantine I - Ticinum Mint - AE Follis - RIC VII 167

O: CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right

R: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG laurel wreath enclosing VOT XX crescent below TT in exergue

Nearly Fully Silvered, 2.88g, 16.8/17.5mm, 180 degree die axis, 322-325AD
1 commentsBiancasDad
Barbaric Constantine I40 viewsObv:nonsense
helmet, cuirassed bust right
two Victories standing facing one another
holding shield inscribed VOT PR on altar
17 mm 2.1 gm
Greek, Corinth AR Stater (350-300 BC)40 viewso/ Pegasus flying left, Q below.
r/ Helmeted head of Athena Chalinitis left.
8.62g. 19.5x22mm
Sear 2629-2631. Pozzi 1685-1700.
Lot 15 de la vente du 30 mai 2008 de la Maison Rossini
2 commentsAugustin Caron
Constantine V and Leon III40 viewssolidus1 commentsantvwala
Caracalla Antoninianus, RIC IV 311c40 viewsRome mint, Caracalla Antoninianus, 213-217 A.D. AR, 23mm 5.12g, RIC IV 311c, RSC 608a
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
R: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding Victory & scepter, leaning on shield set on helmet
5 commentscasata137ec
Constans, RIC VIII Heraclea 8040 viewsHeraclea mint, Constans, 348-350 A.D. AE, 17mm 2.47g, RIC VIII Heraclea 80
O: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Phoenix, radiate, standing right on globe, star to l., X marking globe
2 commentscasata137ec
crispina RIC672a(commodus).jpg
177-183 AD - CRISPINA AE sestertius - struck 180-183 AD40 viewsobv: CRISPINA AVGVSTA (draped bust right)
rev: SALVS (Salus seated left, feeding serpent coiled around altar from patera held in right hand), S-C in field
ref: RIC 672a(Commodus), Cohen 33 (6frcs), BMC 420
24.04gms, 29mm
40 viewsAnother of the coins I consigned at VCoins... I sent them six or seven of these pot-found hoard pieces--almost all with nice eye appeal.

Crispus. Caesar, A.D. 317-326. Ć follis (18 mm, 3.35 g, 12 h). Aquileia. CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Crispus right / D N CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, votive wreath inscribed VOT/·/V in three lines; ·AQS·. RIC 87. Choice EF, fully silvered.
3 commentsJohn M
Crispus40 viewsCrispus - Heraclea Mint - Officina 1 - AE3 Follis - RIC VII 61

O: CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate bust right, draped & cuirassed

R: DOMINOR NOSTROR CAESS, around VOT X within wreath, SMHA in exergue

2.7g, 18.2mm, 135 degree die axis, 324AD
Visigoths in Hispania (Crusafont Group B)40 viewsVisigoths in Hispania, AE (14 mm, 0.93 g). Minted in Spali (Visigothic Seville). Obverse: facing head. Reverse: S-P for Spali around cross. Crusafont Group B.Jan (jbc)
337-361 AD - Constantius II - RIC VIII Thessalonica 056 - GLORIA EXERCITVS40 viewsEmperor: Constantius II (r. 337-361 AD)
Date: 337-340 AD
Condition: Very Fine
Size: AE4

Constantius Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed

Glory of the Army.
Two helmeted soldiers facing, heads turned towards each other; each holds an inverted spear and rests on a shield; between them, a standard.
Exergue: SMTS? (Thessalonica mint, unknown officina)

RIC VIII Thessalonica 56; VM 76
1.46g; 16.3mm; 180°
C Fonteius Janus wGalley40 viewsC Fonteius denarius, 114 - 113 BC, 3.73g, Crawford 290/1, Sydenfam 555, Fonteia 1,
OBV: Janiform head, D (retrograde) to l, star right, three dots below.,
REV: Galley with pilot and three rowers, C FONT above, ROMA below
Porous flan

EX: Harlan J Berk
1 commentsRomanorvm
Louis II de Montpensier (1560-1582), Gros de Nesle - 158240 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ LVDOVI . P . DOMBAR . P . MONTISP . M, Grande L couronnée accostée de deux lis et au dessus d'un λ
+ DNS . ADIVT . ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1582, croix florencée cantonnée de deux lis et deux λ
4.09 gre
Ref : Divo Dombes # 39, PA # 5130
Potator II
Henri II de Montpensier (1592-1608), Douzain - 1594 (Divo plate coin)40 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ HENRIC . P . DOMBAR . D . MONTISP . M, Ecu de Bourbon couronné, cantonné de deux H
+ DNS . ADIVT : ET . REDEM . MEVS . 1594, Croix echancrée cantonnée de couronnes
2.03 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 99 (cet exemplaire illustré), Boudeau # 1070, Mantellier # 40
Potator II
Calabria, Tarentum, Nomos40 viewsCalabria, Tarentum
290 – 281 BCE
AR Nomos – 7.81 gms

Obv: Nude ephebus on horse rearing r., spearing downward with right hand and holding round shield and two spare javelins in left, ΣA under horse
Rev: TAPAΣ, Taras riding dolphin left, extending right hand and holding distaff in left, pellet in l. field, prow left below

SNG ANS 985-6, Vlasto 586-7
4 commentsdlyumkis
Domitian RIC-50940 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 87 AD
RIC 509 (C), BMC 106, RSC 215a
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. l., with thunderbolt and spear; shield at her l. side (M3)

Domitian's denarius issues of 87 continued the same style and format of those from 86. From this time forward the four standard Minerva reverse types would dominate the denarii with a few minor interruptions. The mint during this period seems to have been divided up into separate officina based on reverse types according to Ian Carradice's careful die study of the issues (Coinage and Finances in the Reign of Domitian - 1983, p. 30). The officina system would continue until the end of the reign.

This denarius from the first issue of 87 is a good example of the quality and style of the mint at this time. Struck on a tight flan and darkly toned.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian RIC-57640 viewsAR Denarius
Rome mint, 88 AD
RIC 576 (C2), BMC 117, RSC 236
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear amd shield; to r., owl (M2)

Some of the denarii struck in 88 are quite exceptional in style. Both obverse and reverse dies on this denarius are good examples of that fine style, certianly not "Friday afternoon" dies. Very idealised and bordering on fine art. The fabric and centering are also quite choice. Part of the large first issue of 88.

5 commentsDavid Atherton
40 viewsDenarius - 125 BC (Grueber 124/103 BC) - Mint of Rome
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; XVI in monogram before, BALBVS behind, ROMA below, within laurel wreath
Rev.:Jupiter & Victory in quadriga right; Macedonian shield below the horses. In ex. MN (in monogram) ACILI
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,4
Craw. 271/1, Sear RCV .147, BMRRC 1019

1 commentsMaxentius
Denario DOMITIANO RIC139_1.jpg
21-03 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "[IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GE]RM P M TR P VIII" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P" - Minerva de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo rayo/trueno en mano derecha, jabalina en izquierda y escudo a sus piés detrás.

Acuńada 4ta. Emisión 88 - 89 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #139 Pag.170 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2732 Pag.495 - BMCRE #153 - Cohen Vol.1 #251 Pag.493 - DVM #39/2 Pag.111 - CBN #147 - RSC Vol. II #251 Pag.68
18-05 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)40 viewsAR Denario 17.5 x 16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR [VESPA]SIANVS AVG" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "COS ITER [T]R POT" - Pax (Paz) sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano derecha y Caduceo en izquierda.

Acuńada 69 - 71 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #10D Pag.16 - RIC2 #29 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2285 Pag.435 - BMCRE #26 - DVM #18/5 Pag.100 - CBN #18 - RSC Vol. II #94h Pag.41
Denarius N.BALBUS.jpg
15-01 - C. NAEVIUS BALBUS (79 A.C.)40 viewsAR Denarius Aserrado 18 mm 3.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza con diadema de Venus viendo a derecha - "S C".
Rev: Victoria en triga cabalgando a derecha, "CXXXX" número de control sobre los caballos. "C·NAE·BALB·" (AB y AL en ligadura) en Exergo.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuńa una triga (Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #309 Pag.130 - Craw RRC #382/1b - Syd CRR #769b -BMCRR #2926-76 - RSC Vol.1 Naevia 6 Pag.68
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE sestertius - struck 180 AD40 viewsobv: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS (Marcus Autrelius bare head right)
rev: CONSECRATIO (Statue of Aurelius in quadriga drawn by elephants), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC III 661 (Commodus), Cohen 95 (30 frcs)
18.31gms, 28mm
Very rare

The last ’Good Emperor’, Marcus Aurelius died at a military encampment at Bononia on the Danube on 17 March 180, possibly of the plague, leaving the Roman Empire to his nineteen-year-old son. Upon hearing of his father's death, Commodus made preparations for Marcus' funeral, made concessions to the northern tribes, and made haste to return back to Rome in order to enjoy peace after nearly two decades of war.
1 commentsberserker
Diadumenian Tetradrachm, Prieur 1645 40 viewsJudaea, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, Diadumenian Tetradrachm, 217-218 A.D. AR 25mm 11.46g, Prieur 1645 per Michel Prieur (*second known example)
O: (…) ,bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: DHMARX EX UPATOC (or similar),eagle standing, looking left, wreath in beak
1 commentscasata137ec
40 viewsDomitianus - AE as.Rugser
Domitian RIC II 002940 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. (3.30g, 19.2mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva standing left with Victory and spear; at fee, shield. About VF. RIC II 29 (R3). Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

The RIC lists this as R3 with the only other known specimin held in the C. Clay collection. That coin is listed, but not pictured in the plates of the updated RIC. That specimen is from the same dies as this one and has the same 5 o'clock die axis. There is at least one other specimin out there in a private collection I am aware of, and more may surface as time goes on.
3 commentsLucas H
Domitian RIC II 005640 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. Rome Mint. 81 A.D. 13 Sept.-31 Dec. (3.32g, 18.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, laureate head r. Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII PP, Minerva adv. r. with spear and shield. RIC II 56 (R2), BMC 299, RSC 560a. Ex. Harry N. Sneh collection.

A very early and scarce Domitian with PONT in the obverse. There are very few recorded specimens for this denarius, Rome, Reka Devina hoard, F.Gnecchi in Riv. Ital. 1896, and C. Clay collection. The Clay example is same dies as this specimen.
3 commentsLucas H
40 viewsDOMITIAN (as Caesar) - As - 73 AD - Rome mint
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II, Laureate and draped bust right
Rev: AEQVITAS AVGVST S C, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and sceptre
gms 10,2 mm 26,6
RIC 694A (c), Cohen cfr 1
2 commentsMaxentius
C. Vibius C.f. Pansa. 89-88 BC. AR Denarius.40 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right; PANSA behind, star under chin. / Minerva driving quadriga right; C • VIBIVS • C • F in exergue. Crawford 342/3; Sydenham 684; SR 242; RSC/Babelon Vibia 22 commentsPedja R
Victory Reverse Valentinian III ???40 viewsThe two things I have about RIC X coins are missing legends and those rascally Vandalic imitatives.John M
Maximinus I., Rom mint, struck 236-237 AD, Æ Dupondius40 viewsMAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM radiate-headed draped bust right
VICTORIA GERMANICA, S-C Victory standing left, German captive at feet left
RIC 91; Cohen 111
XIIII Sol with whip40 viewsObverse: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Bust radiate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: PMTRP_XII COS III P P, SC left and right in field
Sol radiate, naked but for cloak over shoulders, walking left, right foot forward, head left, raising right hand and holding whip in left
BMC 965* (undraped C456 (Paris), slightly draped, Leuthold coll.) RIC 542
Weight, 10.887g; die axis, 12h.
Salonina, wife of Gallienus: Junos stag40 viewsSalonina, wife of Gallienus (253–268)
Rome mint, workshop A.
Obeverse: [COR]SALONINAAVG, Salonina head right.
Reverse: IVNONICONSAVG, stag standing left. [A] below.

W=2.83g; D=21x23mm.
East India Company 10 Cash Copper Ingot40 viewsDate: AD 1808
Obverse: EAST INDIA COMPANY; arms of East India Company - two rearing lions each with one back paw on globe, facing inward, leaning against shield, medieval helm above with similar rearing lion facing l. on top, two banners to l. and r. of helm; 1808 below
Reverse: Mughal inscription with X (denomination of 10) .CASH. below
Size: 25 mm, as found at shipwreck site – bent
Photo: The black & white photo between the coin obverse and reverse images is one of the divers who recovered the coins in 1985.
* Note: I purchased this at a coin shop on Grand Cayman island while on my honeymoon in 2001.

This shipwreck coin is from the 145 foot long, 36 foot in berth ship, The Admiral Gardner, that sank on January 25th, 1809, travelling through a fearsome storm in the infamous English Channel. Due to the roughness of the storm, rescue boats failed to reach the damaged ship. Bystanders watched helpessly as the triple deck square rigger constructed of oak and teak sank and took the lives of seven crewmen trapped onboard. The Admiral Gardner was headed for India, and contained coins for payment fto workers in Bengal and Madras. Found in well preserved condition on the seabed, the coins were well wrapped and secured in wooden casks.

In 1809, after the ship sank, some items were salvaged from the wreck, but the valuable cargoes deep in the hold were not reachable. Around 1984, which was 175 years after the ship sank, a local fisherman reported that he thought he was snagging his nets on the Admiral Gardner, the fate of the ship being well known locally. The divers who made the first dive on the wreck were amazed at what they saw. Exposed ribs, frames and decking outlined the shape of the ship. She was lying on a gently sloping sandy bottom at depths ranging between 45 and 60 feet of water. Along with her cargo of coins, some of which had spilled out from the barrels in which they were stowed, her cargo had consisted of a quantity of cannon balls, anchors, iron bars and copper ingots. In 1985 the wreck was listed as being of historical interest, and a license to dive on the site was granted to Richard Larn of Cornwall, the original discoverers of the wreck having formed themselves into a syndicate known as The East India Company Divers. The group, all very experienced in diving on wrecks on the Goodwin Sands, was formed to salvage and administer the legal aspects of any artifacts recovered. Some salvage was carried out in the summer of 1984, but due to weather problems and the special difficulties of working four miles offshore, the amount of coin recovered was minimal. In June 1985, professional divers from a company called SAR Diving, who were working with the EIC diving group, succeeded in recovering a large quantity of copper coins, which were passed to the legal authority for such finds, the Receiver of Wreck. The most impressive find was an intact barrel which underwent preservation treatment at Portsmouth and was estimated to contain 28,000 coins. Unfortunately, as is the case with many of these ventures, treasure (or here, at least, the copper variety) meant trouble. Strong disagreements developed between the parties involved about the methods employed on the wreck, some of which included controlled explosions. Diving on the site was suspended, and the site remains a protected wreck, with no-one currently licensed to dive on it.
3 commentsNoah
elagabalus ant2-.jpg
218 AD - ELAGABALUS antoninianus 40 viewsobv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG (radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right)
rev: P M TR P COS P P (Roma seated left holding Victory and scepter, shield at her side)
ref: RIC IVii 1 (C), C.125 (3frcs.), S 2086
ex Numismatic LANZ
1 commentsberserker
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Provincia Arabia40 viewsBronze AE 20,
4.47g, 17.7mm, 270°, Petra mint,
Obv.: [IMP C] M AVP ANT[ONINOC], laureate draped bust right
Rev.: PETLA COLONI A, founder, togate, right hand raised, ploughing right with pair of oxen
Spijkerman 56
Roman Republic Fouree Sestertius40 viewsObv: IIS
helmeted head of Roma, r.
dioscuri r.

13mm 0.94g
imitating Sear RCV 46
minted 211 B.C. or later

it may not be in very good condition, but fouree Sestertii are not often seen!
1 commentsTRPOT
Colonia Patricia quadrans (2)40 viewsObserve: (PER.) CAE. AVG. Augustus bare head to the left.
Reverse: (COLO. PA)TR. Pathera, aspergilum, vase and lituus.
Weight: 2,7 gr.. Size: 17 mm.
FAB: 1566.
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)40 viewsDupondius
O:FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, Draped bust right.
R: CONCORDIA/SC, Concordia seated left leaning on chair with left and flower in right. By chair, cornucopia on globe.
RCV 4724 RIC 1393


Ex. Harlen J Berk

Published on Wildwinds!
1 commentsMat
Faustina II denarius40 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
RIC 749 MA40 viewsPosthumous denarius, 176-180
Bust r., veiled
Funeral pyre surmounted by biga.

3.43g, 19mm
1 commentsklausklage
Faustina I. denar40 viewswife of Antoninus Pius
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3 40 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC III 362 (A.Pius), Rome, AVGVSTA, Ceres, #3
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVG-VSTA, Ceres standing left, holding torch and raising skirt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-362 (Antoninus Pius)p-71 , C-104,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula, Fibula #068, AE 40 viewsFibula #068, AE Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular brooch or ring buckle. Pin missing. Stops formed by raised studs. Decorated with engraved lines.
size: 63,5x56,5mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Penannular Fibulae, Omega Fibula, AR-Fibulae, #85,40 viewsFibula #085, AR Penannular Fibulae, Omega fibula,
type: Omega fibula, Pennanular fibula,
A Roman annular Silver brooch, Omega Fibula.
size: 27,5x30mm,
date: A.D.,
ref: .,
distribution: ,
Philippus I - AE as.40 views2 commentsRugser
Florian Cyzicus Q.jpg
CONCORDIA MILITVM Q40 viewsAntoninianus, 3.52 g, 22 mm, 6 h, 276 AD

Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right

Victory standing facing right, holding palm and presenting wreath to Florian who is standing facing left with outstretched right hand and holding sceptre with left hand

Exergue: Q

Cyzicus mint

RIC Vi 116
1 commentsdrjbca
Maximianus Herculius, Follis, Ticinum40 viewsFollis, 300-303 AD, Ticinum
26 mm, 9.83 g
obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laueate head right
rev: SACRA MONET AVGG - ET CAESS NOSTR / PT•; Moneta with scales and cornucopia facing, head left
1 commentsareich
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 224, Siscia, FORTI FORT(I)NAE, legend error FORTVNAE!!!,Fortuna standing left by wheel, Rare!40 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), AE-Follis, RIC VI 224, Siscia, FORTI FORT(I)NAE, legend error FORTVNAE!!!,Fortuna standing left by wheel, Rare!
avers:- DIVO-GAL-VAL-MAXIMIANO, Veiled head right.
revers:- FORTI-FOR-T(I)NAE, legend error FOR-TVNAE!!!, Fortuna standing left by wheel, right holding rudder on globe, left cornucopiae.
exergo: -/B/μ//SIS, diameter: 24-26mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-224, p-483, Rare!
Gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 285 (S)40 viewsAE 19 - 22 mm 3.1 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: SOLI CONS AVG. Bull standing or walking right
EX :: XI
RIC V-1, Rome 285 (S)
Purchased 12/2010
Constantius Gallus Maiorina Amiens40 viewsConstantius Gallus, Caesar 15 march 351-winter 354

Draped and cuirassed bust right

Helmeted soldier left spearing fallen horseman, looking back and extending arm

Maiorina struck in Amiens 18 august - end 353

22 x 20 mm -- 4,10 g -- axis 180°

RIC. 47
1 commentsgb29400
Caria, Mylasa. Geta AE38 Medallion. Zeus Labraundus40 viewsCARIA, Mylasa. GETA. As Caesar, 198-209 AD. AE Medallion (22.95 gm; 38 mm). Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Tetrastyle temple of Zeus Labraundus, cult statue of the god within, holding labrys and spear; tresses hanging from each hand. Round shield with two supporters in pediment.
Akarca 90; BMC 38; Price & Trell 442.
Geta RIC IV, 13(a)40 viewsGeta 198 - 207 Caesar
AR - Denar, 3.46g, 18mm
Rome AD 199
bust draped, cuirassed (?), bare head r., youthful portrait
Nobilitas standing frontal, head r., holding sceptre r. and palladium l.
RIC IV, 13(a); C.90; BMCR. 199
Scarce; about EF

PALLADIUM, from Pallas, a cognomen of Athena. The original P. was stolen from Troy and brought to Italy by Aeneas. It was said to have been preserved with great reverence by the Romans as the protector of their own city.
Geta, Rabbatmoba, cult statue of Ares, AE2840 viewsBronze AE 28, Spijkerman, p. 272 and Plate 61, #32; Hendin -, Fair, 14.37g, 28.5mm, 0o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, year 105 = 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse AUT•K•P-EP•GETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PABAQ-MUBA, cult statue of Ares in military dress, sword erect in right, spear and round shield in left, on decorated base with torch-like flaming altars on right and left

1 commentsareich
014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #0340 views014 Geza II., King of Hungary, (1141-1162 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-059, #03
avers:- S and retrograde S on either side of a T-figure.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of a legend, cross with points.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,0 mm, weight: 0,17 g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-059, CHN-1-067, Huszar-080,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Soli Invicto Comiti, Treveri, A.D.310-31340 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: SOLI INVICTO COMITI Radiate draped bust of Sol right

RIC VI Treveri 893, minted A.D.310-313
Weight: 4.10g Diameter 21.7-22.9mm
1 commentsnemesis
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aburius M. f. Geminus40 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 132B.C.

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma right, GEM behind. Ӿ below chin.
Rev: Sol in quadriga right, holding whip. M ABVRI (AB and VR in monogram) below, ROMA in exergue.
Weight 3.93g

Crawford 250/1 Sear RCV I 127 RSC Aburia 6
1 commentsnemesis
GI 048a img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius AE18 - Ares - Philippopolis40 viewsObv:– AVT AI AΔPIA ANTΩNEIN, bare head right
Rev:– ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Ares / Mars standing left, holding spear in left hand; shield leaning against him
Minted in Philippopolis
Obv. legend and bust type variant of Varbanov 786 (Bulgarian ed.) (which is AVT AI ADPI ANTWNEINOC, Head laureate r.)
Trebonianus Gallus Neapolis, Samaria40 viewsAE 26 mm 10.3 grams 251-253 AD
Laureate bust right
Eagle Standing, wings spread, supporting Mount Gerazim. with temple, gardens and staiwell
EX :: none
minted in Neapolis, Samaria
Rosenberger 113; SNG 6, 1035, BMC 149, Hendin 882
Ancient Roman Glass40 viewsThis 2,000 Year old Roman glass was found in the old city of Jerusalem.
Gordian III Sestertius40 viewsGordian III Ć Sestertius. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed bust right / AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left. RIC 267a, Cohen 19.1 commentsfordicus
Gordianus III - AE as.40 viewsRugser
V - Gordian III AR Antoninianus - Victoria AD 23840 views Gordian III AD 238-244 AR Antoninianus

obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: VICTORIA AVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

5.49 grams, 24.5mm.
6 commentsrexesq
Gordianus III. antoninianus40 viewsMARTEM PROPVGNATOREM1 commentsTibsi
Gordian III Medallion from Tarsos40 viewsObv: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB PP - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield decorated with aegis.
Rev: TAPCOV MHTROPOLEWC - Gordian, radiate, on horseback right, casting javelin at lion leaping right; A/M/K and B-G in fields.
Cat #: SNG Levante 1132/3
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS40 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No.
2 commentslaney
Unattributed Greek coin40 viewsobv: head of Zeus right
rev: winged thunderbolt, unclear legend to either side
Thrace, Lysimachos Ar Drachm40 views(305-281 BC)
Obv.: Head of Herakles wearing lion skin.
Rev.: Zeus seated, holding sceptre and eagle; forepart of lion above crescent in l. field, pentagram below.
Paeonia, Patraos Ar Tetradrachm40 views(340-315 BC)
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo.
Rev.: Warrior on horseback right, spearing fallen enemy.
BMC 9. Paeonian Hoard 490.
1 commentsMinos
Hendin-499 / 1174 (01)40 viewsHerod I - prutah
0.78 grams
Hendin-500 / 1188 (01)40 viewsHerod I - prutah
1.70 grams
Hendin-500 / 1188 (02)40 viewsHerod I - prutah
1.81 grams
Thracia, Hadrianopolis, Gordian III, Jurokova 630 #140 viewsGordian III AD 238-244
AE 27, 15.5g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. A - DRIANOPO - LEITWN (WN ligate)
Female deity, in long chiton and himation, stg. l., holding cornucopiae and in
outstretched r. hand wand(?)
Jurokova 630 (thanks to gordian_guy!)
about VF, nice green patina

It is Nemesis holding measuring-rod and cornucopiae! For Hadrianopolis there are some types showing Nemesis with rod and cornucopiae, sometimes without wheel too (gordian_guy).
1 commentsJochen
Hadrian AR Denarius. 125-128 AD. 40 viewsHADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder / COS III, Victory standing right, right hand on head & holding palm. RIC 182, RSC 358, BMC 422
17,5mm.,2,50g. _5967 sold
Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius/Salus AE Dupondius40 viewsAntonio Protti
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 161, Rome, COS III, Roma standing,40 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC II 161, Rome, COS III, Roma standing,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right, drapery on far shoulder.
revers:-COS-III, Roma standing, head left, holding Victory and spear.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 125-128 A.D., ref: RIC II 161, RSC-349, BMC-361,
2 commentsquadrans
Hadrian? Lead Seal40 viewsHead of Hadrian? right

Lead Seal

Three letters behind and infront of bust
1 commentsJay GT4
Hadrian Serapis Tetradrachm40 viewsHadrian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, Regnal year 19, 134 - 135 AD, 24mm, 12.6g, Köln 1150; Milne 1445, Emmett 889, Geissen 1150; cf. Dattari 1465,
OBV: AVT KAIC TRAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head of Hadrian left
REV: L.ENN EAK·Δ, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, kalathos on head

2 commentsRomanorvm
Hadrian Semi40 viewsAE-Semi
Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS- Draped bust right
Rev. COS III S C - Lyre
Minted- Rome 129/130 A.D.
Size 19mm
RIC 688,BMC 1359(quadrans),Cohen443
1 commentsblack-prophet
Sear 830 - Half Follis - 614-615 AD (Year 5) - Thessalonica mint40 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 614-615 AD (Year 5)
Condition: VF
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: ]RC[ - ]PVC
To left, Heraclius; to right, Heraclius Constantine; each standing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, and holding globus cruciger in right hand. Between heads, cross.

Reverse: Large "K"; To left, /N/N/O; To right, .
Exergue: C

Thessalonica mint
DO 140; Sear 830; MIB 227
5.89g; 23.3mm; 330°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Syria, Cyrrhestica, Hierapolis, Severus Alexander, BMC 55 var.40 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 28, 18.3g
bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
Atargatis, draped(?), head r., sitting on lion l., walking r., holding sceptre in r.
hand and with l. hand lion's mane.
BMC 55 var.
rare, about VF
ex Penina, Manfra and Brookes 1968

Atargatis is identical with Dea Syria. For more information look at Lucian's De Dea Syria. You find it under
Cilicia, Hieropolis-Kastabala, SNG Levante 156440 viewsAE 21, 7g
struck 2nd-1st century BC
obv. Bust of City Goddess (Tyche), wearing mural crown, r.; monogram behind
rev. [I]EROPOLITW[N] (r. side, top down)
Artemis Perasia, in long garment and with kalathos, std. l. on throne with high back, holding short
sceptre in l. hand; beneath seat an eahle stg. l.
VF, dark-green patina with earthen highlights

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting Coins'.
1 commentsJochen
Hong Kong.jpg
Hong Kong40 viewsKm29.1 - 5 Cents - 1965
Km49 - 10 cents - 1983
Km28.3 - 10 Cents - 1978
Km36 - 20 Cents - 1975
Km41 - 50 Cents - 1978
Km31.1 - 1 Dollar - 1970
Daniel F
honorius b com.JPG
Honorius RIC X 6340 viewsAE 16 mm 2.0 grams 395-401 AD
OBV :: DN HONORI-VS PF AVG. Pearled diadem draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: VIRTVS-EXERCITI.emperor standing left, head right, holding spear with left hand on shield. Victory, standing beside him crowning him with wreath
EX :: SMNB (Nicomedia)
RIC X 63
RIC rated C2
from uncleaned lot 11/2007
1 commentsJohnny
Honorius RIC X, Ravenna 134040 viewsHonorius 393 - 423
AV - Tremissis, 1.41g, 12mm
Ravenna AD 408 - 423 (after death of Arcadius)
draped, cuirassed bust, rosette-diademed head r.
Victory in military dress advancing r., holding cross-globe li. and wreath r.
field: R and V
exergue: COMOB
RIC X, Ravenna 1340; C.47
Rare; about VF (obv. with scratches, rev. with dagger's marks, bended)
added to

Die-links with Johannes RIC 1906 and Theodosius RIC 1339 and RIC 1802!
Huszár 357, Unger 268, RĂ©thy I 29740 viewsHungary. Stephen V (István, in Hun.) (1270-1272). AR denar, 11 mm.

Obv: + MONETA • VNGARIE, Crowned head facing left.

Rev: Two birds facing each other, between them an א (Aleph – Hebrew letter).

Issued by Altman ben Chenok, kammergraf (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 6. This emission is recorded with and without an annulet to the left of the crowned head. This coin does not bear an annulet, as per Huszár.
Huszár 841, Pohl 255-19, Unger 673o, Réthy II 306A, dated 1526 40 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: LVDOVICVS * R * VNGA * 1526 *, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA * – * VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–B (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1516-1527 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Bernhard Beheim, who was appointed kammergraf by Queen Maria in 1524, and remained kammergraf through 1545 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.
Huszár 602, Pohl 140-8, Unger 477h, RĂ©thy II 147-14840 viewsHungary. Wladislaus I (Ulászló in Hun.) (1440-1444). Billon denar, 14.5 mm.

Obv: [M WLA]DIS—[LAI REGIS], Patriarchal cross, W–crossed pitchforks (privy mark) in fields.

Rev: [S L]ADIS[L—AV REX, Standing king, facing, holding halberd and imperial orb,.

The type was struck in 1440-1441 (per Huszár and Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Veszprém by Bishop Matthias Gathalóczy (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 6.

Ladislaus I (László in Hun.) (1077-1095) was canonized in 1192. His name typically appeared, albeit in an increasingly decaying form, on the reverse of 12th century emissions, and his stylized image and name appeared on this and other later emissions.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963).
Chinese 'Knife' or money dagger40 viewsProbably 19th century judging from the coins and thread. Good work around the hilt though the point is a bit off

Thessaly, Larissa. ca 400-344 BC40 viewsĆ 21mm. Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly left / LARI above, S before, AIWN in ex, horse prancing right; L above, grain ear below.
SNGCop 138v
4 commentsDino
1.2 John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan) Prutah40 views67, 63 - 40 BCE
AE Prutah
Hendin 478
overstruck on Hendin 467
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu40 viewsspace for the warm air that heated the floorpax
City Commemorative (330-335 A.D.)40 viewsAv.: CONSTANTINOPOLI
Rv.: Victory on prow

AE Follis Ř19 / 2.4g
RIC VII 93 Cyzicus
RIC Rarity rating R4!
Spain, Naveta des Tudons40 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
Constantine I AE Follis40 viewsConstantine I
AE Follis, struck 312 AD
Ob: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rv: GENIO AVGVSTI, Genio standing left modius on head of Sol, chlamys over left shoulder, holding bust and cornucopia; * left field, Z right field
RIC VI Antioch 164c, Scarce
Scotvs Capitis
Rare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries 3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!40 viewsRare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries
3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!
Notes: Rare coin, very-very tiny (measuring 2-4mm in diameter and weighing from 0.08 to 0.1 g or so). These are probably the tiniest gold coins ever minted for general circulation. Very rare, these come from a hoard of these, recently unearthed.

Antonio Protti
Ionia Teos Stater rensa.jpg
Ionia Teos Stater40 viewsIonia, Teos. Circa 510-490 BC. AR Stater (11.74 gm, 21mm). Obv.: Griffin with curled wings seated right, forepaw raised; club before. Rev.: Quadripartite incuse square. J.M.Balcer, The Early Silver Coinage of Teos, SNR 47, 1968, 22. Jan Terje R
ISNY - Imperial City, 1508 Batzen40 viewsISNY - Imperial City, Maximilian I (1486-1519) AR Batzen, dated 1508. Obv.: Crowned eagle looking left; City arms on chest; M . NOV. CIVIT . YSNI . 1508 (Anchor-Like Marking) Rev.: 6-pointed star under Eagle, in the angles 5-pointed stars, GRA . MAXIMIL . RO . REG Reference: Nau 22.1 commentsdpaul7
Moesia Inferior, Istros. Severus Alexander AE20. Demeter40 viewsObv: Severus Alexander bust r. AVT K M AVP CEB ALEXANDROC.
Rev: Demeter standing left, holding corn ears and torch, altar at her feet. I-CTPI-HNWN.
Varbanov 664.
1 commentsancientone
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar.jpg
Italy- Forum Romanum- Part of the Forum of Caesar and a statue of Ceasar40 viewsThe Forum of Caesar, in addition to being one of the most evident monuments of self-representation of political power, was constructed as an extension to the Roman Forum. Caesar himself behaved like a greco-oriental sovereign, escorted by a procession of elephants and, against every republican norm, once received the Senate sitting in the center of the temple. The dictator also had placed in front the temple a statue of himself riding Bucefalo, the celebrated horse of Alexander the Great and symbol of absolute power. The Temple of Venus Genetrix, intentionally placed at the end of the piazza was the unifying and conclusive element to the architectural complex. This strict centralized vision corresponded to the ideological function, following the propaganda of the Hellenistic sanctuaries.
The choice of the Forum site is also significant: the future dictator didn't want to be far from the central power, represented in the Curia, seat of the Senate. In fact, not long before Caesar's death, the Senate agreed to reconstruct the Curia on the site.
John Schou
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Brothel40 viewsSome of the most fascinating clues about the lives of the ancient peoples who made their lives in Pompeii can be found in the numerous brothels in the city. It is an indication of the prosperity of the city -- people had money to burn. Here is one example of the Pompeian "houses of ill repute". I chose this one because of its unusual architecture and fine frescoes.

Ancient Pompeii was full of erotic or pornographic frescoes, symbols, inscriptions, and even household items. The ancient Roman culture of the time was much more sexually permissive than most present-day cultures.

When the serious excavation of Pompeii began in the 18th century, a clash of the cultures was the result. A fresco on a wall that showed the ancient god of sex and fertility, Priapus with his extremely enlarged penis, was covered with plaster and only rediscovered because of rainfall in 1998.[1] In 1819, when king Francis I of Naples visited the exhibition at the National Museum with his wife and daughter, he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to "people of mature age and respected morals." Re-opened, closed, re-opened again and then closed again for nearly 100 years, it was made briefly accessible again at the end of the 1960s (the time of the sexual revolution) and has finally been re-opened in the year 2000. Minors are not allowed entry to the once secret cabinet without a guardian or a written permission.As previously mentioned, some of the paintings and frescoes became immediately famous because they represented erotic, sometimes explicit, sexual scenes. One of the most curious buildings recovered was in fact a Lupanare (brothel), which had many erotic paintings and graffiti indicating the services available -- patrons only had to point to what they wanted. The Lupanare had 10 rooms (cubicula, 5 per floor), a balcony, and a latrina. It was one of the larger houses, perhaps the largest, but not the only brothel. The town seems to have been oriented to a warm consideration of sensual matters: on a wall of the Basilica (sort of a civil tribunal, thus frequented by many Roman tourists and travelers), an immortal inscription tells the foreigner, If anyone is looking for some tender love in this town, keep in mind that here all the girls are very friendly (loose translation).

The function of these pictures is not yet clear: some authors say that they indicate that the services of prostitutes were available on the upper floor of the house and could perhaps be a sort of advertising, while others prefer the hypothesis that their only purpose was to decorate the walls with joyful scenes (as these were in Roman culture). The Termae were, however, used in common by males and females, although baths in other areas (even within Pompeii) were often segregated by sex.

John Schou
Geta - ADVENTVS AVG40 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.01gm)
RIC IVi.84, RCV.7243 (R)
O: Laureate head right.
R: Geta on horseback pacing left, right hand raised, holding scepter in left.

ex. Henry Clay Lindgren
Paul DiMarzio
J22-Trajan Dupondius.jpg
Trajan, Æ dupondius, “Fortuna”, 98-117 CE40 viewsOrichalcum (bronze) dupondius of Trajan (98 - 117 CE), 26 mm, 11.02 grams, commemorating the Flavian victory in Judaea. Rome mint 114-117.

Obverse: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, His radiate and draped bust to right.
Reverse: SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, FORT RED in ex. S. C. Fortune seated left with rudder & cornucopia.

Reference: RIC vol II p 290, 653, Cohen 160, BMC 1029, Hill 719.

Added to collection: September 11, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Jamaica - Half-Penny - 193840 viewsJamaica
King George VI
Half Penny, 1938
Sear 1297 (1st Reign) - Follis - 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4) - Syracuse mint40 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (Second Reign: 705-711 AD)
Date: 705-706 AD (Indictional Year 4)
Condition: aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Bust facing, bearded, wearing elaborate cloak and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia.

Reverse: Large ""; Above,
To left and right, cross; Beneath, .
Exergue: SCL

Syracuse mint
DO 57 (1st reign); Sear 1297 (1st reign); MIB 48b
4.79g; 20.2mm; 180°

Ex Dr. Michael Metlich Collection
Judaea, Ascalon. Domitian, 81-96 AD. AE 23mm 40 viewsJudaea, Ascalon. Domitian, 81-96 AD. AE 23mm (12.22 gm). Year 189, 85/6 AD. Obv.: [CEBACTOC], laureate head r. Rev.: ACKA[ΛΟ]/ ΘΠP/ B[E], Tyche-Astarte stg. l. on galley, holding scepter and aphlaston; to l., altar; to r., dove. SNG ANS 7698; Yashin, Ascalon to Raphia, 120. Nice very fine.

ex. Tom Vossen, Vcoins, November 2009.

1 commentsAntonio Protti
Julia Domna, AE27 Tetrassaria40 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Josifovski 196 (V50, R53), citing specimen in private collection
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Julia Domna RIC IV, 56440 viewsJulia Domna, died AD 217?), wife of Septimius Severus
AR - Denar, 3.6g, 17.79mm
Rome AD 198 (struck under Septimius Severus)
Bust, draped, bare head r., five hair-waves
rev. MA - TER - DEVM
Cybele, turreted, std. l., holding branch in extended r.hand and scepter in l. hand; resting l. ellbow on drum set on throne; on both sides of throne a lion std. l.
RIC IV/1, (Septimius Severus) 564; C.123; BMC 54
Scarce, nice VF, toned

Cybele, the great Phrygian mountain goddess, was introduced to Rome as Magna Mater 204 BC when a temple was built on the Capitole hill. Here the black stone, a meteorite from Pessinos was deposed.
Julia Mamaea – RIC-360 (Severus Alexander)40 viewsDaughter of Julia Maesa and mother of Severus Alexander. Rome mint, 226AD. Silver denarius, (3.131 gm, 19.7 mm, die axis 180o), Rome mint, obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse VESTA, Vesta veiled standing half-left, palladium in right, long scepter in left; RSC III 81, RIC IV 360, RCV 8217, BMC 3811 commentsBud Stewart
[1611a] Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.40 viewsBronze follis, S 201, choice VF, 22.147g, 43.8mm, 180o, 2nd officina, Nikomedia mint, 541 - 542 A.D.; Obverse: D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield decorated with a horseman brandishing a spear, cross right; Reverse: large M, cross above, ANNO left, Xu (= year 15) right, B below, NIKO in ex; full circle strike on a huge flan. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Justinian (527-565 A.D.).

James Allan Evans
University of British Columbia

The reign of Justinian was a turning-point in Late Antiquity. It is the period when paganism finally lost its long struggle to survive, and when the schism in Christianity between the Monophysite east and the Chalcedonian west became insurmountable. From a military viewpoint, it marked the last time that the Roman Empire could go on the offensive with hope of success. Africa and Italy were recovered, and a foothold was established in Spain. When Justinian died, the frontiers were still intact although the Balkans had been devastated by a series of raids and the Italian economy was in ruins. His extensive building program has left us the most celebrated example of Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture that still survives: Hagia Sophia in modern Istanbul. His reign was a period when classical culture was in sharp decline and yet it had a last flowering, with historians such as Procopius and Agathias working within the tradition inherited from Herodotus and Thucydides, and poets such as Paul the Silentiary who wrote some of the most sensuous poems that the classical tradition has ever produced. The Codex Justinianus, the Institutes and the Digest of Roman jurisprudence, all commissioned by Justinian, are monuments to the past achievements of Roman legal heritage. Justinian's reign sums up the past. It also provides a matrix for the future. In particular, there was the bubonic plague, which appeared in Constantinople in 542, for the first time in Europe, and then travelled round the empire in search of victims, returning to the capital for a new crop in 558. The plague ended a period of economic growth and initiated one of overstrained resources.

The 'Nika' Revolt
The 'Nika' Revolt which broke out in January, 532, in Constantinople, was an outburst of street violence which went far beyond the norms even in a society where a great deal of street violence was accepted. Every city worth notice had its chariot-racing factions which took their names from their racing colors: Reds, Whites, Blues and Greens. These were professional organizations initially responsible for fielding chariot-racing teams in the hippodromes, though by Justinian's time they were in charge of other shows as well. The Blues and the Greens were dominant, but the Reds and Whites attracted some supporters: the emperor Anastasius was a fan of the Reds. The aficionados of the factions were assigned their own blocs of seats in the Hippodrome in Constantinople, opposite the imperial loge, and the Blue and Green "demes" provided an outlet for the energies of the city's young males. G. M. Manojlovic in an influential article originally published in Serbo-Croat in 1904, argued that the "demes" were organized divisions of a city militia, and thus played an important role in the imperial defense structure. His thesis is now generally disregarded and the dominant view is that of Alan Cameron, that demos, whether used in the singular or plural, means simply "people" and the rioting of the "demes", the "fury of the Hippodrome", as Edward Gibbon called it, was hooliganism, which was also Gibbon's view. Efforts to make the Greens into supporters of Monophysitism and the Blues of Orthodoxy founder on lack of evidence. However, in support of Manojlovic's thesis, it must be said that, although we cannot show that the Blue and Green "demes" were an organized city militia, we hear of "Young Greens" both in Constantinople and Alexandria who bore arms, and in 540, when Antioch fell to the Persians, Blue and Green street-fighters continued to defend the city after the regular troops had fled.

Justinian and Theodora were known Blue supporters, and when street violence escalated under Justin I, Procopius claims that they encouraged it. But since Justinian became emperor he had taken a firmer, more even-handed stand. On Saturday, January 10, 532, the city prefect Eudaemon who had arrested some hooligans and found seven guilty of murder, had them hanged outside the city at Sycae, across the Golden Horn, but the scaffold broke and saved two of them from death, a Blue and a Green. Some monks from St. Conon's monastery nearby took the two men to sanctuary at the church of St Lawrence where the prefect set troops to watch. The following Tuesday while the two malefactors were still trapped in the church, the Blues and Greens begged Justinian to show mercy. He ignored the plea and made no reply. The Blues and Green continued their appeals until the twenty-second race (out of twenty-four) when they suddenly united and raised the watchword 'Nika'. Riots started and the court took refuge in the palace. That evening the mob burned the city prefect's praetorium.

Justinian tried to continue the games next day but only provoked more riot and arson. The rioting and destruction continued throughout the week; even the arrival of loyal troops from Thrace failed to restore order. On Sunday before sunrise, Justinian appeared in the Hippodrome where he repented publicly and promised an amnesty. The mob turned hostile, and Justinian retreated. The evening before Justinian had dismissed two nephews of the old emperor Anastasius, Hypatius and Pompey, against their will, from the palace and sent them home, and now the mob found Hypatius and proclaimed him emperor in the Hippodrome. Justinian was now ready to flee, and perhaps would have done so except for Theodora, who did not frighten easily. Instead Justinian decided to strike ruthlessly. Belisarius and Mundo made their separate ways into the Hippodrome where they fell on Hypatius' supporters who were crowded there, and the 'Nika' riot ended with a bloodbath.

A recent study of the riot by Geoffrey Greatrex has made the point that what was unique about it was not the actions of the mob so much as Justinian's attempts to deal with it. His first reaction was to placate: when the mob demanded that three of his ministers must go, the praetorian prefect of the East, John the Cappadocian, the Quaestor of the Sacred Palace Tribonian and the urban prefect Eudaemon, Justinian replaced them immediately. He hesitated when he should have been firm and aggravated the situation. It may well have been Theodora who emboldened him for the final act of repression. Procopius imagines Theodora on the last day engaging in formal debate about what should be done, and misquoting a famous maxim that was once offered the tyrant of Syracuse, Dionysius the Elder "Tyranny is a good shroud." Theodora emends it to "Kingship is a good shroud" and readers of Procopius may have thought wryly that the emendation was unnecessary. The formal debate, and Theodora's great scene, was probably a creation of Procopius' imagination, but a splendid one.

The 'Nika' revolt left Justinian firmly in charge. The mob was cowed and the senatorial opposition that surfaced during the revolt was forced underground. The damage to Constantinople was great, but it cleared the way for Justinian's own building program. Work in his new church of Hagia Sophia to replace the old Hagia Sophia that was destroyed in the rioting, started only forty-five days after the revolt was crushed. The two leaders of the Hippodrome massacre, Mundo and Belisarius, went on to new appointments: Mundo back to Illyricum as magister militum and Belisarius to make his reputation as the conqueror of the Vandals in Africa. The 530s were a decade of confidence and the 'Nika' riot was only a momentary crisis.

(for a detailed account of the reign of Justinian I, see:

Last Years
Misfortune crowded into the final years of Justinian's reign. There was another Samaritan revolt in midsummer, 556. Next year, in December, a great earthquake shook Constantinople and in May of the following year, the dome of Justinian's new Hagia Sophia collapsed, and had to be rebuilt with a new design. About the same time, the plague returned to the capital. Then in early 559 a horde of Kutrigur 'Huns' (proto-Bulgars) crossed the frozen Danube and advanced into the Balkans. It split into three columns: one pushed into Greece but got no further than Thermopylae, another advanced into the Gallipoli peninsula but got no further than the Long Wall, which was defended by a young officer from Justinian's native city, while the third, most dangerous spearhead led by the 'Hun' khan, Zabergan himself, made for Constantinople. Faced with this attack and without any forces for defense, Justinian called Belisarius out of retirement, and Belisarius, using a scratch force, the core of which was 300 of his veterans, ambushed the Kutrigur horde and routed it. Once the immediate danger was over, however, Justinian recalled Belisarius and took charge himself. The news that Justinian was reinforcing his Danube fleet made the Kutrigurs anxious and they agreed to a treaty which gave them a subsidy and safe passage back across the river. But as soon as they were north of the Danube, they were attacked by their rivals the Utigurs who were incited by Justinian to relieve them of their booty. The Kutrigurs raided Thrace again in 562, but they and the Utigurs were soon to fall prey to the Avars who swept out of the Asian steppes in the early 560s.

There was discontent in the capital. Street violence was on the increase again. There were bread shortages and water shortages. In late 562, there was a conspiracy which almost succeeded in killing the emperor. The chief conspirator was Marcellus, an argyroprates, a goldsmith and banker, and the conspiracy probably reflected the dissatisfaction of the business community. But Justinian was too old to learn to be frugal. He resorted to forced loans and requisitions and his successor found the treasury deeply in debt.

What remained of the great emperor's achievement? His successor Justin II, out of a combination of necessity and foolhardiness, denied the 'barbarians' the subsidies which had played a major role in Justinian's defense of the frontiers, and, to be fair, which had also been provided by emperors before him. Subsidies had been part of Anastasius' policy as well, but that was before the plague, while the imperial economy was still expanding. The result of Justin II's change of policy was renewed hostility with Persia and a shift of power in the Balkans. In 567 the Avars and Lombards joined forces against the Gepids and destroyed them. But the Lombards distrusted their allies and next year they migrated into Italy where Narses had just been removed from command and recalled, though he disobeyed orders and stayed in Rome until his death. By the end of the century only a third of Italy was in Byzantine hands. On the eastern frontier, Justin alienated the Ghassanid allies and lost the fortress of Daras, a reverse which overwhelmed his frangible sanity. For this Justinian can hardly be blamed. No one can deny his greatness; a recent study by Asterios Gerostergios even lionizes him. But if we look at his reign with the unforgiving eye of hindsight, it appears to be a brilliant effort to stem the tide of history, and in the end, it was more a failure than a moderate success.

Copyright (C) 1998, James Allan Evans. Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

The Church we know today as Hagia Sophia - or Divine Wisdom, its true name - was dedicated by the Emperor Justinian in 537AD. Through many visitudes Justinian's cathedral church of Constantinople still stands, its soring vaults and amazing dome testiments to the human spirit, the engineering talents of its builders and Divine inspiration. In the same fashion that Vespasian's Collesium (the Flavian Amphitheatre) is symbolic of Rome, Justinian's Hagia Sophia is a symbol of Byzantium.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I40 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Justinian I (AD 527-565 ) AE 16 Nummi. Thessalonica mint. Obv: D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG – Pearl-diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: A in left field, I in center, SP to right; above: [Theta] EW . Exurge: TES = Thessalonica mint: Sear. Byzantine coins and their values., 186B, 5.44 g. dpaul7
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #0140 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-029, #01
avers:- CALMAN-REX, crossleted cross in circle of dots with lines in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- LADISLAVS-REX (sometimes, Illegible legend), cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,2 mm, weight: 0,49 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-029, CHN-1-046, Huszar-038,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #0240 views011 Kalman., (Kolomon.) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-033, #02
avers:- + CALMAN-RE (X/+), Crowned head facing; border of dots.
revers:- + LADISLAVS-RE (X/+) (or illegible legend) , cross in circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11,6 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-033, CHN-1-040, Huszar-032,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Zeus on Kassander AR Tetradrachm40 viewsCirca 317-315 B.C. AR Tetradrachm in the name and types of Philip II, 14.31g. Pella Mint. Le Rider-531 (D281/R436), SNG ANS-450 (same dies). Obverse laureate head of Zeus right. Reverse ΦIΛIΠ-ΠOY nude youth, holding palm frond and reins, on horseback right; coiled serpent below, Boeotian shield below foreleg. EF, lightly toned, some die wear on obverse, die break and die shift on reverse. Attractive style.

1 commentsJason T
Cilicia, Kelenderis, Elagabal SNG Levante 54840 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 22, 6.16g
obv. M(?) AVR AN - TWNINOC (N's retrograd)
Bust, laureate, r.
rev. K - E - [LE]NDERITWN (N's retrograd)
Demeter, holding torch in r. Hand, in biga with two winged snakes, r.
SNG Levante 548 (same dies); SNG von Aulock 5650
rare, good VF, exceptional style
ex Hirsch auction 168 (1990), lot 729
ex Gorny & Mosch auction 108 (2001), lot 1525
ex. Münzen und Medaillen auction 20 (2006), lot 233
1 commentsJochen
trachy40 viewsJohn Comnenus Ducas, Emperor of Thessalonica. Obverse: Emperor holding scepter cruciger and globus cruciger. Reverse: St Demetrius enthroned, holding a sword across his legs. References are Sear 2206 and Dumbarton Oaks Vol IV, pl 21. Alexios
Mysia, Kyzikos, obol, tunny / quadratum incusum40 views520-480 BC(?)
8mm, 0.65g
obv: tunny fish left
rev: quadratum incusum

SNG Aulock 7328
1 commentsareich
Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Abydos mint, 328-323 BC40 viewsAR drachm, 16.8mm, 4.24g, aEF/gVF
Head Herakles right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck / AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre, feet forward resting on stool. Pegasus forepart in left field, monogram below strut under throne. Lifetime issue.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Price 1505a; Müller 610; Thompson 39v, series II
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Euboia, Eretria, Euboian League. c.304-290 BC40 viewsAR drachm, 17mm, 3.9g, Nice VF
Head of the nymph Euboea left, hair rolled and wearing earring / EY, head and neck of bull ľ right, fillets hanging from horns. Kantharos in right field.
Ex: BCD Collection (private treaty).
Sear 2467; BMC Central Greece, pg 95, #8, Wallace 74ff (c. 321 BC)
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule40 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule (1204-1261) Billon Trachy. Onb.: The Virgin enthroned. Rev.: Emperor standing holding labarum. Sear #2044.dpaul7
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule40 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Latin Rule (1204-1261) Billon Trachy. Onb.: The Virgin enthroned. Rev.: Emperor standing holding labarum. Sear #2044.dpaul7
Leo 457-474 Nicomedia (NIC)40 viewsObv: Indistinct Legend
Rev: Emperor with Long Cross and Captive
RIC X 707
Licinius I RIC VII 1740 viewsObv:IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG
laureate head right
Jupiter standing left, chamlys across left shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle with wreath to left. G to right
•SIS• in ex.
22mm 3.1gm
133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!40 views133 Licinius-II. (317-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!
avers:- LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES, (6, I1-l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on left side, "Iota-Chi" in left fields.
exergo: Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-139, p-441, R5!!!,
Struck A.D.320. LICINIUS I. AE3 (Nummus) of Aquileia. 40 viewsObverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG. Laureate head of Licinius facing right.
Reverse: DOMINI N LICINI AVG. Laurel-wreath around VOT•XX; in exergue; AQS.
RIC VII : 86. Weight 3.3gms.

This coin is one of those struck in c.A.D.320 to commemorate the fifteenth anniversary of the reign of Constantine, which was also celebrated in the West as the fifteenth anniversary of Licinius.
Tiberius for Antonia or Agrippina, dupondius of AD 22-2340 viewsĆ dupondius (13.2g, Ř30mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23.
IVSTITIAE, diademed bust of of Antonia or Agrippina as Justitia, facing right
RIC (Tiberius) 46 (S); Cohen (Livia) 9
ex G. Henzen (1997)

Vagi argues that this type commemorates the justice achieved on behalf of the murdered Germanicus. Since Germanicus was very popular in Rome, his murder lead to a public outcry in Rome. The portret on this coin is not Livia's (it would have been followed by AVGVSTAE as for the Salus dupondius) but a stylized portret probably referring to Germanicus' mother Antonia or his wife Agrippina Senior.
1 commentsCharles S
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0240 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #02quadrans
029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #0140 views029 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the greath) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #01quadrans
Lucania Thourioi 443-400 b.c. Ar Stater40 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Athena with attic helmet right
Rev/ ΘΟΥΡΙΩΝ - Charging bull right, fish right in exergue
SNG Cop 1405; SGCV 435; SNG ANS 900; ALFA Thu370
19 mm; 7,7 g
Purchased from Numismatica Luca Brumurelli - Selvazzano Dentro (Pd), Italy
2 commentsTaras
Lucilla denar40 viewswife of Lucius Verus
1 commentsTibsi
Lucius Verus +.jpg
Marcus Aurelius Divvs Sestertius40 viewsDivus Aurelius Ć Sestertius. DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS, bare head right / CONSECRATIO S-C, eagle standing right on globe, head left.

RIC 654 (Commodus) , Cohen 89.
macrianus 1.jpg
26 Macrinus40 viewsDenarius. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate bust right / FELICITAS TEMPORVM, Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus & cornucopiae. RIC 56, RSC 8a, BMC 60. Weight 3.31 g. Die axis 6 hr. Max Dia 18.9

2 commentsmix_val
Lydia, Maionia, Heracles / Bow and club, AE1340 viewsAE13, 2.28g
obv: draped, beardless bust of Heracles right
rev: MAIONΩN; between gorytos with bow and club, bee above
SNG Aulock 3008; SNG München 299; SNG Tübingen 3718; SNG Leypold -
ex Roland Müller collection

A gorytos is a bow-case that stores the bow along with the quiver of arrows.
C. Mamilius Limetanus, Crawford 362/140 viewsC. Mamilius Limetanus, gens Mamilia
AR - denarius serratus, 20mm, 3.78g, 45°
Rome, 82 BC
obv. Bust of Mercurius r., draped, with winged petasos and caduceus behind r. shoulder
l. above A (control mark)
rev. l. side top down C.MAMIL, r. side bottom-up LIMETAN (TA as monogram)
Ulysses (Odysseus), in beggar garment with mantle and pileus, advancing r., resting with raised l. hand
on staff, stretching r. hand to his old dog Argus, who is standing r. before him and looks up to him
ref. Crawford 362/1; Sydenham 741; RCV 282; Albert 1253; Mamilia 6
rare, VF

For more information take a look at the referring article of the Mythology Thread.
1 commentsJochen
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,40 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), AR-Denarius, RIC III 470 (Ant. Pius), Rome, T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAES-AN-TON-AVG-P-II-F, Bare head right.
revers:- T-R-POT-XI-COS-II, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-157 A.D., ref: RIC-III-470 (Ant. Pius), p-88, RSC-703, Sear-,
M Marcius Mn f Denarius, 134 BC40 viewsHelmetted head of Roma right, modius behind, XVI in monogram below chin
Victory with whip in biga right
M MARC below, divided by two grain ears
ex. ROMA
The obverse symbol and reverse of this coin refers to the moneyer's father, Mn. Marcius, who as aedile, c. 154 BC, was the first to distribute wheat to the people at one As per modius.

Marcia 8, Cr 245/1, Syd 500
1 commentswhitetd49
Marc Antony Legionary Denarius Leg II or III40 viewsMarc Antony Denarius, 13mm, Leg II or III 44-30 B.C.
Obverse: ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow
Reverse: LEG - II or III, legionary eagle between two standards
2 commentsDk0311USMC
Marcus Aurelius Divus Denarius40 viewsDivus Marcus Aurelius Denarius. DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS, bare head right / CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right on garlanded altar, head left.

RIC 272 [Commodus], RSC 84, BMC 17

1 commentsTanit
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 18. Caracalla, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)40 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 27, 9.59g, 26.72mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
bearded bust, laureate, r.
Eagle, wings opened, stg. frontal on thunderbolt, head l., holding wreath in
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 644 var.
c) Varbanov (engl.) 965 var. (The die cutters seem to have difficulties with the name Quintilianus: Hristova/Jekov mentions another
b) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. (plate coin)
F+/about VF

Interesting legend configuration: WN stands directly above VPK and LIT.
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 19. Caracalla & Julia Domna, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)40 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AE 28, 15.51g, 27.98mm, 30°
struck under governor Quintilianus
Confronted head of Caracalla, bearded, laureate, r., and bust of Julia Domna, draped, l.
Apollo (or Bonus Eventus), nude, stg. facing, head l., holding branch in l. hand and patera in r. hand over flaming altar
in upper left field E (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/I, 664
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1002 (citing AMNG 664)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) (plate coin)
about VF, brown patina (stripped!), light roughness
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 24. Macrinus & Diadumenian, HrJ (2013) viewsMacrinus, AD 217-218
AE 26, 12.24g, 26.31mm, 195°
struck under governor Furius Pontianus
Confronting heads of Macrinus, laureate, r., and Diadumenian, bare-headed, l.
City-goddess (Tyche), in long garment, wearing mural crown, stg. l., head r., holding cornucopiae in r. arm and resting with l. hand on rudder stg. on globe
E in r. field (for pentassarion)
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 759 (1 ex., Vienna)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.
very rare, VF/about VF, nice green patina

Pick writes: "This type of Tyche, with cornucopiae and sceptre, could be copied from the type of Tomi (pl. VII, 20ff.); but it is possible too that the left hand is resting on a rudder (similar to n.776, pl.XIX, 9), so that we have here a depiction of Tyche but an unusual one."
On this coin the rudder is clearly visible, so Pick is right with his second suggestion!
1 commentsJochen
Moesia inferior, Markianopolis, 32. Severus Alexander, HrJ (2013) (plate coin)40 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 26, 9.6g, 26.33mm, 225°
struck under governor Um(brius?) Tereventinus
bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
Hermes, nude, stg. frontal, head l., chlamys over l. arm, holding kerykeion in l.
arm and purse in r. hand.
ref. a) not in AMNG:
rev. AMNG I/1, 1026 var. (has TWN in ex.)
obv. AMNG I/1, 1027
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) (plate coin)
d) cf. BMC 76 (has 'head laureate, r.' and WN on rev. ligate)
(Thanks to Pat Lawrence, Steve Minnoch and Curtis Clay!)
very rare, about VF

A new bust variety of a rare reverse type! (Curtis Clay)
As Pick points out, Tereventinus is the only governor of Lower Moesia from Sept. Sev. on, whose name is preceded by HG(EMONEVONTOC) rather than VP(ATEVONTOC), apparently because he exceptionally governed the province as an ex-praetor rather than as an ex-consul.
1 commentsJochen
Maximinus II Daia, argenteus (Boyd collection)40 viewsMAXIMINUS II (309 - 313 d.C.), argenteus in billone. Zecca di Treviri
AE, 3.57gr., mm 19,0, BB/B, RRR (Sear, Roman Silver Coins ed. 1987)
D/ IMP MAXIMINVS AVG, busto radiato, drappeggiato e corazzato a sin,
R/ SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PTR in ex. Sol che tiene globo e frusta stante a sin, guida la quadriga
RIC 826 var., Coh. 174
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (3 novembre 2009, numero catalogo 10), ex W.S.Lincoln collection (London, 1890), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, novembre 1890), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 settembre 2005, lotto 687), ex Antony Wilson (Yorkcoins, New York-London, 2005).

1 commentspaolo
Maximianus obv and rev.jpg
Maximianus, RIC 39740 viewsMaximianus
AE Antoninianus
Lugdunum Mint. 291 A.D.
Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG - Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAX AVGG - Pax standing left, holding Victory on a globe and sceptre.
Exergue: S
Ref: RIC 397.
Thracia, Deultum, Maximinus I, Yurukova 20440 viewsMaximinus I AD 235-238
AE 20, 4.79g
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. P C F D
pointed Omphalos on base
Yurukova 204; SNG Bulgaria 756-760; Moushmov 3641
about VF, digger mark on reverse
added to

OMPHALOS, umbilicus, hump. Ovoid resp. beehive shaped stone mark of uncertain meaning. The best-known exemplar, the Delphic Omphalos, today no more is regarded as meteoric object of the aniconic stone cult (Baetyl) but as prehellenic sacrifice mark of the earth-goddess as synthesis of Tymbos (= doomed tomb) and altar (for chthonic blood pouring).
1 commentsJochen
Mithridates II S7378var.jpg
Mithridates II S7378 var40 viewsChalkous, 13mm, 1.68g.

Obverse: diademed & cuirassed bust L with long pointed beard.


Sellwood 7378 var, 123-88BC.
moneta 165.jpg
Constantine I, Trier - RIC VII 47540 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate bust right.
rev: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG. Campgate with no doors, six stone layers, two turrets, star above.
exergue: PTR dot in crescent
Struck 326 A.D. at Trier
moneta 441.jpg
Unknown Provincial, AE16, Figure leaning on column40 viewsDon't know who this is or where it's from! The legends look like they'd be readble, but they aren't... at least not to my eyes. The reverse features a character leaning on a column... perhaps its the wear that gives him/her devilish horns?Jericho
moneta 465b.jpg
Trajan, Rome - RIC II 38240 viewsTrajan Dupondius
obv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M. Radiate head right
rev: TR POT COS II P P. Abundantia sitting left, on chair formed from two cornucopiae, holding sceptre. SC beneath.
Struck 98-99 A.D. at Rome
RIC II 382
moneta 559.jpg
Constantius Gallus, Siscia - RIC VIII 35140 viewsConstantius Gallus AE3
obv: D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman, who reaches back
Struck 351-354 A.D. at Siscia
moneta 646.jpg
Septimius Severus Denarius, Rome40 viewsobv: SEVERUS PIVS AVG. Laureate bust right
rev: P M TR P XII COS III P P. Genius standing left holding corn ears, right hand holds patera over altar.
Struck at Rome, 203-204 A.D.
RIC IV 195
Van Meter 113/1
moneta 678.jpg
Galerius, Cyzicus - RIC VI 19b40 viewsGalerius Post-Reform Radiate
obv: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Prince standing right in military dress, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, leaning on scepter.
center field: KA
Struck 295-299 A.D. at Cyzicus
RIC VI 19b
JUCHIDS (GOLDEN HORDE)40 viewsJUCHIDS (GOLDEN HORDE) - AE pul, Qrim, Uzbek khan, 720 AH.
Reference: Lebedev "Coins of Crimea..." coins# м46, м47.
(Лебедев В.П. "Каталог монет Крыма в составе Золотой орды", м46, м47)
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