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Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #1465 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #14
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// SIS, diameter: 17mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165165 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, No Date. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . Reference: KM #20. Note: Prev. KM#30.dpaul7
GREEK, Mesembria, Thrace65 viewsObol, 1.2 gm, 10.3 gm, 450-350 BC, Sear (GC) 1673
Obv: Anepigraphic. Crested helmet, facing.
Rev: M E T A in four corners of radiate wheel.
1 commentsMassanutten
Bare head, left.
Large S C within inscription.
As 10.7 gm 27.8 mm RIC 45
Comment: Issued by Tiberius
3 commentsMassanutten
Buckle #003 AR Buckle,65 viewsBuckle #003 AR Buckle,
type: AR Buckle,
size: 16x26mm,
weight: 2,91g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Buckle #002 AE-Buckle65 viewsBuckle #002 AE-Buckle
type: AE Buckle,
size: 23,5x30mm,
weight: 7,71g,
date:??? A.D.,
ref: ???.
distribution: ???,
Byzantine Lead Seal, IVSTINIANVS-I, (527-565 A.D.), Pb Imperial Seal (Zacos–Veglery 3a, BZS.1958.106.563), #02,65 viewsByzantine Lead Seal, IVSTINIANVS-I, (527-565 A.D.), Pb Imperial Seal (Zacos–Veglery 3a, BZS.1958.106.563), #02,
avers: - D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG - (Dominus noster Iustinianus perpetuus augustus (Our lord Justinian, eternal augustus)), Nimbate, beardless bust of Justinian I, facing forward, wearing both a helmet with diadem, trefoil ornament, and pendilia, and a chlamys. A circular inscription beginning at left. Border of dots.
revers:- Winged Victory advancing, wearing a long chiton and holding a victory wreath in each hand. A small byzatian cross visible at left and right. No epigraphy. Border of dots.
diameter: 19-22 mm,
weight: 6,48 g,
ref:Zacos–Veglery 3a, BZS.1958.106.563
B 008 Maurice-Tiberius (582-602 A.D.), SB 0494, Γ/CON, AE-Follis (40 Nummia), Constantinopolis, Year II,65 viewsB 008 Maurice-Tiberius (582-602 A.D.), SB 0494, Γ/CON, AE-Follis (40 Nummia), Constantinopolis, Year II,
avers: DN mAVRIC TIbER PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed or crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and shield
revers: Large M, A/N/N/O to left, cross above, regnal year II to right, officina letter Γ below; mintmark CON, Constantinopolis,
exergo: Γ//CON, diameter: 30-31mm, weight:11,23g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 587 A.D., ref: SB-0494,
B 038 Constantine-VII. Porphyrogenitus (913-959 A.D.), SB 1761, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #2, double or over struck!65 viewsB 038 Constantine-VII. Porphyrogenitus (913-959 A.D.), SB 1761, AE-Follis, Constantinopolis, #2, double or over struck!
avers: CONST bASIL ROM, crowned bust of Constantine facing, with short beard and wearing vertical loros, holding akakia and cross on globe.
revers: + / CONST / EN QEO BA / SILEVS R / OMEON, legend in four lines.
exe: , diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 6,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: A.D., ref: SB 1761,
ROMAN EMPIRE, CALIGULA, Nero and Drusus Caesars, Dupondius 40-41 A.D.65 viewsObv:
Nero and Drusus on horseback, galloping r.
RIC 49 Sear 1828
30mm 15.0g
1 commentsTRPOT
Caligula As Vesta65 viewsObv.
Bare head left

Vesta seated on throne left, holding spear and pouring from cadeucus
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 33, Sestertius from AD 37-38 (three sisters)65 viewsĆ Sestertius (28.6g, Ř 34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 37-38
Obv.: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, laurate head left
Rev.: AGRIPPINA - DRVSILLA - IVLIA (left, above, and right) S C (ex.), Caligula's three sisters: Agrippina (Jr.), the eldest sister, as Securitas, leaning on column, holding cornucopiae, and placing left hand on Drusilla's shoulder; Drusilla, the middle sister, as Concordia, holding patera and cornucopiae; and Julia Livilla, the youngest, as Fortuna, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
RIC 33 (R); BMCRE 36, 37; Cohen 4 (25 Fr.); Sear (Roman Coins & their Values) 1800
ex Macho & Chlapovic Auction 2 (april 2012)

1 commentsCharles S
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0265 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,14g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Caracalla, Augusta Trajana, Thrace, Asklepios, AE2965 viewsAE29, 15.9 g.
obv.: AVT KM AVP CЄVNP ANTΩNЄIN, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder
rev.: AVΓOVCTHC TPAIANHC, Asklepios standing left, holding snake-entwined staff
Pautalia Caracalla Caecina Largus 65 viewsCaracalla
AE 26 13.09g


Caecina Largus (198-9AD)


laureate draped and cuirassed bust right

Asklepios, Hygeia and Telesphoros

Brown patina

Ruzicka 502 (rev. depicted tafel IV 201); Varbanov (E) II 4963 p. 422 ; Mionnet Supp. II -; BMC –; SNG Cop. -
Vespasian RIC-93965 viewsAR Denarius, 3.27g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
RIC 939 (R), BMC 203, RSC 129
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: COS VIII; Mars, helmeted, naked except for cloak, fastened with belt (?) round waist, standing l., holding spear slanting upwards l. in r. hand and trophy on l. shoulder in l. Corn-ear upright in ground r.
Ex Berk 145, 14 September 2005, lot 235.

A rare variant containing a wheat-ear of the common Mars reverse, possibly to symbolize the peace and prosperity Roman arms has brought the people.

I had a difficult time finding a decent example of this type...patience has paid off and I'm very happy to add this respectable denarius to the collection.
India, Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II, Gold Dinar, Archer Type65 viewsGupta Empire, Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, Gold Dinar, 7.75g, Archer type

The above coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya is a celebration of the exquisite and sublime skills of the artist who designed the die for this coin which demonstrates why the Gupta Age is called the golden period of Indian history. This time period saw all round development in science, astronomy, poetry, sculptor, metallurgy etc and coinage was no different with original coins bearing Indian motifs introduced by the Guptas.

The above coin is more of a tribute to the skills and artistry of the die engraver than the image that the coin itself bears. In the above coin, the die cutter has managed to achieve the following objectives simultaneously:

1. The features of the King is portrayed as extremely youthful. 'Chir-Yauvana' or Eternal Youth is an elixir that mankind, and more so the Ruler, has sought since time immemorial. This coin shows how the die cutter wishes the King to be remembered amongst his subjects and for posterity as a handsome youthful King.

2. The body of the King is lithe, supple, muscular and well proportioned. This complements and brings out the relative youthfulness of the King. I can almost visualize the thoughts running in the die engravers mind as he thinks of the message to be conveyed by this coin 'Hail the King, Glory be to Him, our benevolent King, our Protector, the Strong and Valiant Chandragupta'.

3. The King exudes an aura of energy, vigour and vitality even as he stands in the 'dvibhanga' pose (head and torso inclined to the right with lower limbs in opposite direction, a common feature applied in Indian sculptor and classical dance, especially Odissi). The King appears calm, composed and serene. This is a delicate balance that has admirably been achieved by the die cutter. You can actually sense the King trying to communicate with you and about to step out of the coin to hold your hand and draw you back into time.

4. The King holding a Bow in his left arm while drawing an Arrow from his right hand only accentuates the powerful image of the King as a young, energetic warrior who is well disposed and endowed with the bodily strength to overcome his enemies and detractors. Symbolically, the bow and arrow represent the female and male energy as also love and death-wish, respectively. It is well acknowledged that a person has manifestations of both the feminine and masculine aspects that reveal themselves interchangeably. The soft features of the King together with his slender frame accentuates the feminine aspect while the weapons of war amplifies his masculinity. The die engraver has blended these two concepts perfectly.

5. The swaying 'mudra' or pose of the standing King is a feature of Gupta coins to reflect the King as divine and higher than a mere mortal as a man's body is imperfect being straight, rigid and stiff. The graceful sway is achieved by giving a curve or twist at the neck (head) and waist (out thrust hips), the Dvibhanga pose, or the neck, waist and knee, the Tribhanga pose. This is done to reflect that the King's body is aligned alike to the statues of the Gods and Goddesses at the temple with which the common man can more closely associate the King's divinity. The die cutter has achieved this admirably.

6. Similarly, the image of the Goddess on the Reverse is slim and sensual without being erotic. The Goddess holds a flower by a short stalk in her upraised left arm, a 'pasa' or noose in her right hand and sits in the yogic 'Padmasana' posture atop a Lotus. It must be remembered that these symbols on the coin are a depiction of the iconographic manifestation of the ancient Hindu philosophy. The Lotus flower blooms amidst the muck and filth of muddy swamps and marshes and symbolizes man's ability to rise, similar to the Lotus flower, from the dark depths of ignorance and gain happiness with the beauty and radiance of spiritual knowledge. The open flowers of the Lotus that blossoms and spreads out signifies the Sun, an essential life nourishing source as well as the light that destroys ignorance and illuminates wisdom. The 'pasa' (noose or lasso) signifies an attachment to worldly matters as well as the capability of the God to capture evil and (blind) ignorance.

Its a pity we do not have any details of the die engravers name in the historical records but given the finesse and fine style achieved in executing the portrayal of the King on the coin, I am certain he must have been a person held in high esteem for his die engraving skills. Perhaps he may even have been the same person who was also the chief architect of the fabulous temples built during the reign of Gupta Kings.

All in all, this is a great masterpiece of the Gupta miniature art on a Gold Coin of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. It is my all time favourite coin simply because of the beautiful rendition of the Kings feature, body, posture and message it seeks to convey.
2 commentsmitresh
Claudius II 'Gothicus' / Fortuna 65 views268-270 AD
AE Antoninianus (19mm, 2.21g)
O: Radiate and draped bust right; IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG.
R: Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; FORTVNA RED.
RIC 40 / Sear 3203v
ex Jack H. Beymer
1841 Hard Times token. USS Constitution65 viewsMILLIONS FOR DEFENSE, NOT ONE CENT FOR TRIBUTE.1 commentsancientone
Cn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC.65 viewsCn. Lentulus Clodianus. 88 BC, silver denarius.
Obverse- Helmeted bust of Mars right, seen from behind.
Reverse- Victory in biga right, holding wreath.
Crawford 345/1; Sydenham 702; Cornelia 50.
18 mm, 3.79 g
Ex Wayne C. Phillips Collection.
1 commentsb70
Aquilia Severa, Concordia65 views
Draped bust right

Concordia standing left, holding patera and two cornucopiae; star in left field

RIC 225 Rome (year 221) ; S 2158
Silver Denarius; 19mm; 3.4g
Prov. uncleaned prem. coin lot from FORVM
Faustina Senior, temple65 viewsO: DIVA - FAVSTINA
Draped bust right
Temple with six columns, Faustina within

RIC 343, S 4573, C1 (Rome year 150)
Ar Denarius; 18mm; 3.20g
1 commentsarizonarobin
Galeria Valeria65 viewsVENERI V-ICTRICI
Diademed draped bust right

stg. facing, head left, right hand holding up apple, left raising drape over lleft shoulder


RIC Cyzicus 38; AE Follis
commodus RIC468b.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AE sestertius - struck 186 AD65 viewsobv: M COMMODVS ANT P - FELIX AVG BRIT (laureate head right)
rev: P M TR P XI - IMP [VII] - COS V P P (Commodus standing left on platform, raising hand and holding scepter, facing four soldiers to left), S C across fields, FID EXERCIT in ex.
ref: RIC III 468b, Cohen 136 (20frcs)
23.63gms, 30mm
Very rare
ex Numismatic LANZ

Historical background: Under Commodus reign Sextus Tigidius Perennis was the Pretorian Prefect who exercised the chief responsibilities of government in the Roman Empire. In 185 Perennis was implicated in a plot to overthrow the emperor by his political rival Marcus Aurelius Cleander, and Commodus gave them permission to execute him as well as his wife and sons. After this Commodus received the title of FELIX. This coin shows when the emperor proclaimed the executions to soldiers, and the FIDES EXERCITUS means the aggreement between the emperor and the legions.
Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius-2.JPG
Commodus Vict Brit Sestertius-265 viewsAE Sestertius, 184-185 AD
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT. Laureate head right.
Reverse: P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P S-C, Victory seated right on pile of arms, inscribing sheild on her knee. VICT BRIT in exergue.
Cohen 946; RIC 452; BMC 560; Sear 1652
29mm , 18.5 gm.
Jerome Holderman
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus, Denarius65 viewsCommodus 177-192 A.D.

RIC 192
2 commentsBarry
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus AR denarius. 191-192 AD.65 views
L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate bust of right.
MARTI VLTORI AVG, Mars standing right, holding spear and shield.

RIC 257
1 commentsPedja R
cons com.JPG
Constantius II RIC VII Alexandria 80 var65 viewsAE 18 mm 2.7 grams
OBV :: CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier spearing fallen horseman. Horseman is bare headed and reaching
EX :: ALEA (Alexandria)
RIC VII Alexandria 80 Var
unlisted in ric due to headress
RIC rated C2
from uncleaned lot 09/2006
Constans Gloria Exercitvs.jpg
Constans Gloria Exercitvs65 viewsConstans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

DN CONSTANS P F AVG, Our Lord and emperor Constans Pious and happy

DN: Dominus Nostre, Our Lord

CONSTANS: Constans

PF: PIUS FELIX, Pious and happy

AVG: Augustus, emperor

GLORIA EXERCITVS, The glory of the army


Two soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking standard,

Domination: Bronze AE 4, 15 mm.

Mint: SMNA, Nicomedia, RIC VIII Nicomedia 12, rated scarce.
John S
Constantine I- Posthumous Quadriga 1.jpg
Constantine The Great- Posthumous Commemorative Quadriga65 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Constantine The Great with veiled bust right


DV: Divus, Divine (acclaimed a deity), Divus was applied to consecrated deceased rulers.
CONSTANTI-NVS: Constantine
PT: Pather, farther (is used with AVGG)
AVGG: Augustus, more than one emperor


Constantine The Great, veiled, in quadriga right, star above, the hand of God reaches down to him.

Domination: Bronze AE 4, size 15 mm

Mint: SMH= Heraclea, Officina??, RIC VIII Heraclea 13

Posthumous commemorative for Constantine the Great
John Schou
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (THE GREAT)65 viewsCaesar 306-307 AD; Filius Augustorum 307-309 AD; Augustus 309-337 AD
AE 19 mm 3.25 g
2 commentslaney
Commemorative Issue, 330 - 346 AD (Constantinople)65 viewsObv: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate, helmeted bust of Constantinopolis facing left, wearing an imperial cloak and holding a reversed spear.

Rev: No legend, Victory standing left, on the prow of a galley, holding a spear and a shield; SMTSЄ in exergue.

Billon Centenionalis, Thessalonica mint, 5th Officina, 336 - 337 AD

2.9 grams, 18 mm, 0°

RIC VII Thessalonica 188, S16470, VM 1
SPQR Coins
Siscia, RIC VII 163, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #2, R1!65 viewsSiscia, RIC VII 163, 145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS*, CAESARVM NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V, #2, R1!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C, 7a, B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- CAESARVM-NOSTRORVM, VOT/•/V in wreath.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS*, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320-321 AD., ref: RIC-VII-163-p444, R1!,
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius II, RIC VIII, Antiochia 132 #165 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantine I
AE - AE 2 (Centenionalis), 4.92g, 24mm
Antiochia, 10th officina, AD 350-355
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r., wearing necklace
Soldier spearing falling horseman, which stretches arm against him; shield of soldier decorated with wheel, forehead of horse reaches over baseline downwars.
(RIC type FH3 reaching)
field left: Gamma
exergue: ANI
RIC VIII, Antiochia 132; LRBC 2625
nice EF, nearly uncirculated

This issue celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara 344 AD against the Sassanides and the capture of their successor of the throne.
2 commentsJochen
Constans RIC VIII 19565 viewsObv: CONSTANS P F AVG
rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
two Victories facing each other holding wreaths and palm branches,palm branch upright between
ASIS in ex.
16mm 1.5 gm
2 commentsOWL365
274-275 AD - Severina Concordia65 viewsSEVERINA AVG - Diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent
CONCORDIA AVGG - Emperor standing left, clasping hand of empress standing right, in exe sXXIR

Rome Mint; Ric-003
Nicely silvered, won the providentia award in the first Forum Cleaning Contest!

Ric-3 Cohen-2
CRISPUS with helmet right65 viewsCRISPVS - NOB CAES
cuirassed bust with helmet right
Lyons mint
RIC. VII, 134 r4
1 commentsgb29400
Gaston et Marie (1626-1627), Liard - 162865 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
+ GAST . ET . M . SOVV . D . DOMBAR, Monogramme de Gaston et Marie couronné entre 3 fleurs de lis
+ DNS . ADIVTOR [. NOSTER] 1628, Croix de l'ordre du Saint Esprit
0.83 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 167, Boudeau # 1079, Mantellier # 62
Potator II
Domitian RIC-65665 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome mint, 88-89 AD
RIC 656 (R), BMC 147, RSC 246
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Solidus Numismatics, eBay, 17 June 2015.

Domitian did not take the consulship in 89, so this rare denarius is dated by TR P VIII between September 88 and September 89. The date can be further narrowed down by the 17th imperial acclamation. A military diploma dated 7 November, 88 records Domitian as IMP XVII, so this issue must have been struck briefly at the end of 88, perhaps just a month or so due to the rarity of the acclamation number on the denarii. Domitian's imperial acclamations were piling up fairly rapidly during this time period due to increased military activity along the Danube.

A solid denarius in fine style.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
Denario VITELIO RIC 109.jpg
17-01 - VITELIO (02/01/69 D.C. - 20/12/69 D.C.)65 viewsAR Denario 18.5 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "XV V[IR] SACR FACT" - Cuenco o palangana para vino o agua de purificación (Dimnos) apoyado sobre trípode, con delfín arriba nadando hacia la derecha y cuervo parado debajo viendo a derecha.

Acuńada Jul./Dic. 69 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #109 Pag.272 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2201 Pag.422 - BMCRE #39 - Cohen Vol.1 #111 Pag.365 - DVM #21 Pag.97 - CBN #77 - RSC Vol. II #111 Pag.36
1 commentsmdelvalle
16 - 12 - Virreynato FERNANDO VII (1808-1833)65 views"Piezas con el Busto de los Monarcas Espańoles"

4 Reales de Plata Ley 896
34 mm

Anv: ·FERDIN·VII·DEI·GRATIA·1825· (Fernando VII por la gracia de Dios) alrededor de un busto del rey a derechas.
Rev: ·HISPAN·ET·IND·REX·PTS monograma POTOSÍ (ceca), ·4R· (valor), ·J·L· (Ensayador) (rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones con escusón de los Borbones entre dos columnas con las leyendas PLUS ULTRA.

Acuńada: 1825
Ensayador: J L- Juan Palomo Sierra y Luis Lopez.
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC (1801-1900) KM#88 Pag.96
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diadumenian, denarius65 viewsOptimus
Struck A.D.180 under Commodus. DIVUS MARCUS AURELIUS. Commemorative AR denarius of Rome.65 viewsObverse: DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS. Bare head of Marcus Aurelius facing right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO. Eagle facing left, head turned right, standing on bar.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 2.9gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC III : 266
Featured on Wildwinds.

Marcus Aurelius died at his camp in Vindobona (Vienna) on March 17th, A.D.180 after a week's illness. He was succeeded by his 18 year old son, Commodus.
2 comments*Alex
Vespasian by Titus65 viewsDIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS
laureate head of Vespasian right

SC on circular shield supported by two capricorns back to back, globe below

Rome 80 AD
Sear 2569

Tight flan 18mm

Issued by Titus in honour of his father Divus Vespasian


3 commentsJay GT4
Domitian Sestertius RIC 255.JPG
Domitian Sestertius RIC 25565 viewsDOMITIAN. Ae sestertius. 85 A.D.
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, Laureate bust of Domitian right.
Reverse: SC, Victory standing right inscribing ‘DE GER’ on shield, captive at her feet.
RIC 255; Cohen 469, Rare
34.01 mm. 22.58 grams.
Part of the 'Germania Capta' series which Domitian began issuing in 85 after the defeat of the Germanic tribe the Chatti.

1 commentsJerome Holderman
Alexander Jannaeus (widows mite) 103-76 B.C.65 viewsObverse: Star with eight rays surrounded by diadem
Reverse: BASILEW ALEXANDROU, around anchor
1 commentsDk0311USMC
Argolis, Argos, 440s, 430s-420s BC65 viewsTriobol. Forepart of wolf at bay to left, both legs extended forward and with head held level. Sigma O below neck.
Rev. A within shallow incuse square, containing square incuses on the upper part, pellet below cross bar. BMC 14, BCD 1030. Very rare.
PORTUGAL - Duarte I65 viewsPORTUGAL - Duarte I (1433-1438) Copper Real Preto. Obv.: Crown over E D, mintmark (small L) below (Lisboa).
Reverse: Portuguese arms. All coins of this king are scarce! Reference: Va.- DU16.
caracalla65 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG
206 AD
1 commentsfrederic
Eagle65 viewsA limestone sculpture of an Eagle, (representing Jupiter) clutching a Snake in its beak (representing Death). Was found in September 2013 during building work in the Minories area of the City of London. It was made in what is now the Cotswolds area of England around 1900 years ago and would have sat in an alcove of a tomb, just outside the city boundary of Londinium. I was lucky to see this back in November 2013 as it is now no longer on display.3 commentsMasis
GREAT BRITAIN - EDWARD VI65 viewsEdward VI (1551-1553) Silver Shilling. Tun mintmark. 1 commentsdpaul7
Egypt65 viewsKm412 - 5 Piastres - 1967
Km555.2 - 5 Piastres - 1984
Km731 - 5 Piastres - 1992
Km556 - 10 Piastres - 1984
Daniel F
Elagabalus, AE 1765 viewsAVT K M AVP ANTWNINOC
Bust laureate, draped, right
Snake emerging from cista mystica, right
BM 59, AMNG 917, Varbanov (Eng.) I, 1390
3 commentswhitetd49
Elymais tétradr.jpg
Elymais late Ist - early IInd C AD - Kamnaskires VI (?) - AE tetradrachm65 viewsNo legend. Diademed bust left, in field to right star, crescent and anchor
Small schematic bust left, traces of blundered Greek legend
3 commentsGinolerhino
ENGLAND - Edward I65 viewsENGLAND - Edward I "Longshanks" (1272-1307) AR penny. Long cross, class 4a3, London mint. EDWARD ANGL' DNS HIB, crowned facing bust / CIVITAS LONDON, long cross with trefoils. North 1023. Seaby 1394dpaul7
f c.JPG
lr5. Constantius II. AE4, my first Roman!65 viewsConstantius II. AE4, mint mark off flan.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed bust right.
Rev: VOT XX MVLT XXX in laurel wreath.
Ř 14-15 mm, 1.20 g

My first pretty nice roman out of an uncleaned lot! Nothing special of course, but it reminds me at my beginnings.
1 commentsPscipio
Ilipense as (2)65 viewsObserve: (I)LIPENESE. Shadroe to the right. Crescent above.
Reverse: Grain ear.
Weight: 19,7 gr. Size: 30 mm.
FAB. 1204. LV. 4
Dated: 150-100 B.C.

Ilipense mint is in Álcala del Río near Sevilla.
1 commentsCorduba
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #165 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #1
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSB, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-513, R3 !!!,
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,65 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- AED-DIV-FAVSTINAE, Front view of temple of six columns on five steps, fencing before. Within is a statue of Faustina. Varying ornaments on temple.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,95g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 150 A.D., ref: RIC-III-343 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
1 commentsquadrans
146-175/6 AD - Faustina Jr. - Moushmov 2529 - Concordia Reverse65 viewsEmpress: Faustina Jr. (r. 146-175/6 AD)
Date: 146-175/6 AD
Condition: aFine
Size: AE22

Faustina Augusta
Bust right

Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.

Mint: Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Moushmov 2529
4.80g; 22.5mm; 210°
Faustina Junior, RIC unlisted, Sestertius of AD 161 (Emperor's growing family)65 viewsĆ Sestertius (25.86g, Ř33mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 161.
Obv.: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Fautina Junior facing right.
Rev.: FECVND AVGVSTA (around) S C (in field), Fecunditas standing left, holding a child in her arms, two more standing left and right of her raising their right hands.
Strack 1335 (1 coll.: Naples); RIC (Aurelius) unlisted (legend corresponds to RIC 1635 and the representation to RIC 1649); Cohen: (idem with nos. 96 and 136)
ex Aeternitas Coins & Antiquities (via VCoins)

This type refers to the growing family of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Jr. The three girls represent the three surviving children (of a total of 7 born) around end of 159 to early 160: Annia Galeria Aurelia Faustina (age 14), Lucilla (12) and Fadilla (1).

Additional information from Curtis Clay through the forum discussion group: "This type commemorating the birth of a third survivng daughter usually has the legend IVNONI LVCINAE, whereas the type FECVND AVGVSTAE commemorates the birth of the next daughter about a year or so later and shows Fecunditas/Faustina holding two children in her arms while two more stand at her feet.

Strack 1335 knew a sestertius like yours in only one specimen, in Naples, but unfortunately does not illustrate the coin.

The Naples collection was stolen in 1977. Your coin is of nice quality, and has an old-collection look, lightly cleaned on the reverse. I would not be at all surprised if it is the actual Naples coin! "
Charles S
Germanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,65 viewsGermanic Two-Plate Bow Fibulae / Blechfibeln, with Semi-Circular Head Plate, Germanic fibula, #6, Fibula #038,
type: Germanic fibula. The basic type is called "bow with two plates" or "plate-bow" or, in German Blechfibeln.
This is the round head with five knobs type. Small blech fibula with five knobs on semi-circular head plate. Very similar to the Krefeld type. Serbia more likely Gepid, Bulgaria Gepid or more likely Ostrogoth.
The reverse shows rust traces from the iron spring.
size: 45x22mm,
weight: 8,44g,
date: c. A.D. 475-525, some into 7th century,
ref: ,
distribution: Gepid; Chernyakhov culture / Goths.
Early Crossbow fibula65 viewsLikely an early Crossbow fubula type.
Engraved lines and dots

One of the Genceva 21 variations - Early Spring Crossbow Fibula.

Mid 3rd - mid 4th century AD

Pin missing

66 mm X 35 mm

2 commentsJay GT4
Finland65 viewsKm44a - 1 Penni - 1977
Km45 - 5 Pennia - 1963
Km45a - 5 Pennia - 1980
Km46 - 10 Pennia - 1978
Km65 - 10 Pennia - 1993
Km38 - 10 Markkaa - 1953
Km40 - 50 Markkaa - 1953
Daniel Friedman
France Louis XVI 12 Deniers & France Republic 5 Centimes65 viewsto right: French Republic 1796 - 1800 - A, 5 Centimes - Nice Edge.

to left: France Louis XVI 1791 - 1793 - A, 12 Deniers.
Austria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,65 viewsAustria, Eberhard II. von Regensberg, (1200-1246 A.D.), Duchy of Steiermark, Friesach under Archbishopric of Salzburg, AR-Pfennig, CNA I, Ck 2,
avers:- Facing busts of bishop and duke side by side, above a wall. Above: star between small crosses, 3 balls between busts.
revers:- EBERHARDS EPS, Standing archbishop facing.
diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 0,80g, axis: 7h,
mint :Rann, mint mark: ,
date: A.D., ref: CNA Ck2. Probszt 23. Rare!
Gallienus RIC V-1 227 65 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG
radiate bust right
Liberalitas standing left holding
tessera (abacus) and cornucopia.
18mm 2.2gm

090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET, 65 views090 Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDEI-PRAET, Legionary eagle (standard) between two standards.
exergo: -
diameter: 19-20mm,
weight: 2,81g,
axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia,
date: 253-268 A.D.??
ref: RIC-V-I-568, p-181,
Germany1 - Empire.jpg
Germany – Empire (1871-1918)65 viewsKm1 - 1 Pfennig - 1887-A
Km2 - 2 Pfennig - 1875-G
Km3 - 5 Pfennig - 1875-C
Km12 - 10 Pfennig - 1891-A
Km17 - 1/2 Mark - 1906-A
Daniel F
Geta denarius65 viewsPONTIF TR P II COS II2 commentsTibsi
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,65 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 095, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules, naked, standing right, right hand on hip, left hand on club on rock, lion-skin beside club.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,29g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-95, p-25, RSC-404,
Gotarzes I S33.4 counterfeit.jpg
Sinatrukes Sellwood 33.4 Cast Counterfeit65 viewsSinatrukes, c77-70BCE Drachm. 18mm, 1.85g.

Obverse: Long-bearded bust L, wearing tiara with stag devices and ear flaps.

Reverse: Archer seated R on throne holding bow. BASILEWS/METALLOY/ARSAKOY/QEOPATROY NIKATOROS

Sellwood 33.4.

Billon? The very low weight, small size, the edges, the fuzziness, the blobs, all give this away as a cast. Its battered and chipped appearance, however, lead me to beieve this to be an ancient couterfeit, rather than a modern forgery.
158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), Siscia, RIC IX 031a-1, -/-//ASISC, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #265 views158 Gratianus (367-383 A.D.), Siscia, RIC IX 031a-1, -/-//ASISC, AE-4 Follis, VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in wreath, Scarce !, #2
avers:- D-N-GRATIA-NVS-P-F-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VOT/XV/MVLT/XX, Wreath, legend within.
exerg: -/-//ASISC, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 378-383 A.D., ref: RIC IX 31a1, p-152, Scarce !,
1 commentsquadrans
Thrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square, 65 viewsThrace, Maroneia, (400-350 B.C.), SNG Cop-632, AE 15, Grape arbor in square,
avers:- Bridled horse prancing right; monogram (NK) below.
revers:- Grape arbor in square; ethnic around, "ΜΑΡ/ΩΝΙ/ΤΩΝ"
exerg: YE , diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Maroneia, Thrace, date: c.400-350 B.C., ref: SNG Cop-632,
Macedonian Kingdom65 viewsSear 6713-20 var; Price 3602; Newell __, Group 2; Müller 671.

AR tetradrachm (17.10 gr., 25 mm.), struck by Alexander III the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) at Babylon ca. 325-323 B.C.E. (his last lifetime issue).

Obv: Head of beardless Herakles facing right, wearing Nemian lion’s skin headdress.

Rev: Zeus seated left (on throne with back, his legs parallel, feet on stool), holding eagle and scepter, M to left, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ to right, monogram beneath thrown.

Alexander adopted the Attic weight standard for his silver coinage.

Note on Characteristics of Newell Group 2: The coins carry the letter M as the magistrate’s mark together with this monogram or an M with both this monogram and a symbol (33 are known). The legs of Zeus are parallel. The legend is ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, and then ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. The dies are not necessarily aligned at 0-degrees (as in Group 1). There are 77 obverse dies. Price (1991) wrote that “this group of issues, with its closely knit interlocking of obverse dies, has every aspect of a large-scale production over a relatively short period of time.” Le Rider (1991) suggested that Groups 1 and 2 were issued in parallel with one-another, essentially in different workshops.

Note on Mint Attribution: Imhoof-Blumer (1895) noted that the M-ΛY on lion tetradrachms issued by Mazaeus as satrap of Alexander at Babylon (331-328 B.C.E.) also appear on Newell’s Group 3 tetradrachms. Newell (1923) concluded that, since his Groups 1-3 tetradrachms form an ensemble, they were all issued in Babylon. Price (1991) questioned but did not depart from this attribution. LeRider (2007) agrees with this attribution, adding that eight of the nine symbols that appear with the Γ on certain lion tetradrachms also appear on Newell’s Groups 1-2 tetradrachms.

Note on Dating: Newell Group 2 is dated to 329-324/3 B.C.E., per Newell (1923); to 329/8-23/2 B.C.E., per Waggoner (in Mřrkholm (1979)); to 325-323 B.C.E., per Price (1991); and to 324/3-322/1 B.C.E., per LeRider (2007), with the posthumous issues within the group including ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ in the legend. This coin was Alexander’s last lifetime issue.
2 commentsStkp
Hadrian denarius65 viewsRomae Aeternae reverse inscription. Roma seated left on shield, holding Palladium and spear.
Bare headed obverse
Struck in AD 138, the last year of Hadrian's reign (Sear 3537)
2 commentsmarandnumiz
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0172, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Concordia seated left on throne,65 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0172, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS III, Concordia seated left on throne,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Laureate head right.
revers:-COS-III, Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera & resting left arm on statuette of Spes on column at side of throne.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,12g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC II 172, C-328a,
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE sestertius - struck 134-138 AD65 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (laureate head right)
rev: - (Nemesis standing right, holding fold of dress with right hand and branch pointed downward in left), S-C across field
ref: RIC II 779b (S), C.1372 (12frcs), BMCRE 1549
mint: Rome
20.57gms, 30mm

A nice and scarce Hadrian bronze. This coin shows the original condition with original patina, there’s no corrections or special matters for sharping, and better in hand than the picture allows.
1 commentsberserker
Hadrian Serapis Tetradrachm65 viewsHadrian, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria Egypt, Regnal year 19, 134 - 135 AD, 24mm, 12.6g, Köln 1150; Milne 1445, Emmett 889, Geissen 1150; cf. Dattari 1465,
OBV: AVT KAIC TRAIAN AΔΡIANOC CEB, laureate head of Hadrian left
REV: L.ENN EAK·Δ, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia, kalathos on head

2 commentsRomanorvm
Honorius (RIC IX Antioch 69e)65 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Ć (13 mm, 1.98g), minted in Antioch 392-395. Obverse: DN HONORIVS PF AVG. Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor on horseback advancing left, ANT gamma in exergue. RIC IX Antioch 69e, S.

Ex. Gitbud & Naumann 2010
1 commentsJan (jbc)
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire65 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
Extremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire65 viewsExtremely rare! Gold 1/2 fanam (1/4 rupee in gold), Shah Alam II (1759-1806) as "Shahi Gohar Alam", mintless type, Mughal Empire

Notes: Persian inscription divided with a line: Shah Gohari / Alam * and date ((11)83=1768 AD) / Blank. Mintless type. 7mm, 0.18 grams. Herrli "Gold Fanams" - (listed for a fanam as #8.08.05, mentioned as existing for 1/2 fanam but not illustrated (same die as this half fanam?)).

"Gohar Shah" was the title Shah Alam II used as a Prince (also, the Marathas sometimes struck coins giving this name to Shah Alam II). Herrli could not find an example with a readable word in the second line ("Alam") and reported it as "unread text" - this word is very clear on this coin, completing the reading of the inscriptions on this type.

Gold fanams (weighing 0.36 grams and equal to 1/32nd of a mohur or 1/2 rupee in gold) in the name of various Mughal Emperors are perhaps the most obscure Mughal coins, poorly studied and mostly unlisted in various catalogues. They were issued in various mints, but are often difficult to attribute because of the mint is not readable or absent. This difficulty in attribution is evident from the fact that these coins were attributed to different States, dynasties, people and governors by various scholars.

Half-fanams (weighing about 0.17-0.18 grams and equal to 1/64th mohur or 1/4 rupee in gold) are much more rare and more obscure than the whole fanams. They are unpublished in all catalogues, but were recently mentioned by Herrli in "Gold fanams" for the first time, though not illustrated. These 1/2 fanams were struck from the same dies as the whole fanams, but are much scarcer and extremely difficult to find.
Antonio Protti
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,65 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,
avers:- C-O-VAL-OSTIL-MES-C-QVINTVS-CAESAR, IV below the bust, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVG, Victory running right holding wreath and palm.
diameter: 20-21,5 mm,
weight: 2,89 g,
axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch,
date: 251 A.D.,
ref: RIC-IV-III- Unlisted!!!, p148 , C- , Not in RIC this revers and "IV" under the bust, Very Rare!,
1 commentsquadrans
L Hostilius Saserna denarius65 viewsL Hostilius Saserna Denarius. 48 BC.
Obv: Head of gaulish male (maybe Vercingetorix) right, gaulish shield behind
Rev: Two warriors in biga, one driving and the other brandishing spear, L HOSTILIVS above, SASERN below. Crawford 448/2a; Syd 952.
Huszár 400, Unger 310, RĂ©thy I 35065 viewsHungary. Anonymous Vienna denar (possibly Ladislaus IV (László, in Hun.) (1272-1290), per Unger; or Béla IV (1235-1270), per Rádóczy and Nagy). AR denar, 13-14 mm.

Obv: Agnus Dei facing left with cross-banner.

Rev: Hebrew letter ט (tet) in floral wreath.

Huszár wrote that “t cannot be determined under which ruler th[is] w[as] minted” (Huszár 1977). However, Rádóczy and Nagy determined that coins bearing the Hebrew letter ט (tet) were issued by Teka, who was a kammergraf in 1232 under András II (András, in Hun.) (1205-1235) and 1235-1245 under Béla IV (1235-1270 (per Friedenberg; also per Pohl). They attributed it to Béla IV (per Friedenberg).

“[F]oreign influence spread to contemporary Hungarian coinage from the Vienna denars, a collective term applied to the coins issued by Austrian princes beginning with the end of the 12th century through various mints. Such coins appeared as commercial currency in large quantities all over Hungary in the course of the 13th century . . . [T]he types virtually vied vied with the fantastic animal shapes of contemporary sculpture . . . Of these motifs, that of the Agnus Dei enjoyed particular favour in contemporary Romanesque sculpture.” (Huszár (1963) at 12).

Huszár rarity rating R1.
Hyrcanus II H478.jpg
Hyrcanus II (67, 63-40BC) Hendin 47865 viewsPrutah, 14x16mm, 2.44g.

Obverse: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews in wreath.

Reverse: Crossed cornucopiae, ribbons, pomegranate between them.

Hendin 478

Most of these are overstruck on Jannaeus' star and anchor prutot, but this one shows no evidence of an overstrike.
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-163, AR-Obulus, #0165 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-163, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: Crowned head facing, between two swords, line border.
revers: Star between two lions standing with their back to each other, looking backwards, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-163, CHN-1-300, Huszar-270,
Caracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D.65 viewsCaracalla Caesarea Maritima mint 198-217 A.D. 25mm
O:Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:Tyche-Astarte standing left, right foot on river-god to right , holding small bust and scepter; all within central arch of tetrastyle temple façade; two small Nikai between columns Kadman 67
1 commentsMaritima
Rare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries 3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!65 viewsRare Indian gold 1/4 fanam, Southern India, 16th-17th centuries
3mm, ~ 0.1 g. Probably tiniest coin in the World!
Notes: Rare coin, very-very tiny (measuring 2-4mm in diameter and weighing from 0.08 to 0.1 g or so). These are probably the tiniest gold coins ever minted for general circulation. Very rare, these come from a hoard of these, recently unearthed.

Antonio Protti
Bust laureate right, front view, draped (and cuirassed?)
Reverse: IOVIV_L_TORI, SC exergue
Jupiter naked to waist, seated left on throne, holding victory on extended right hand and sceptre in left
BMC 240, RIC 560
Weight, 21.69g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
BYZANTINE, Isaac II Angelus 1185-1195 Constantinople65 viewsObv: Virgin Enthroned
Rev: Emperor Holding Scepter and Akakia
Sear 2003
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #0165 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-081, #01
avers:- Cross on line, ornament of lines, crosses and crescents above and below; border of dots.
revers:- A amongst five dots; line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-081, CHN-1-119, Huszar-140,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
1 commentsquadrans
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #0165 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Four dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 13,3 mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082, CHN-1-129, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #0165 views022 Bela IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), U-213, AR-Denar, #01
avers: +REX•BELA•QVARTVS, Agnus Dei in circle of dots advancing left with cross, border of dots.
revers: •VNGA•-RIA•, King enthroned facing, holding orb and sceptre, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25,2mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 9h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-213_CNH-1-229_Huszar-294,
Achaemenid Empire, Persia, AR Siglos, 450-330 BCE65 viewsAR Siglos - 5.61g, 15.4 mm

Obverse: Bearded archer kneeling right holding a spear and bow
Reverse: Incuse punch

References: Sear/Seaby 4682, BMC 3 ff.

Added to collection: May 27, 2005
Daniel Friedman
juba II65 viewsMauritanian Kingdom. Juba II

Obverse: REX IVBA, diademed head right
Reverse: Filleted cornucopiae and sceptre crossed
Mint :
Date : 25 B.C.-A.D. 23
Reference : Mazard 241; SNG Copenhagen 580
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.86g
Denom: Denarius
Metal : Silver
Acquired: 01/10/04
KINGS of MAURETANIA. Juba II, with Cleopatra Selene. 65 viewsObverse: REX IVBA, Diademed head of Juba right
Reverse: BACCILICCA KLEOP[ATPA], Star and crescent
Mint : Caesarea
Date : Struck circa 16-17 AD
Reference : MAA 85; SNG Copenhagen 590; Mazard 300
Grade : EF
Weight : 2.96 g
Denom : Denarius
Dealer : Baldwin's
Comments : Juba was married to the only surviving child of Cleopatra VII, Selene (goddess of the moon). This may be a reference to Juba's wife depicted on the reverse.
Julia Domna, AE 23 Diassaria65 viewsAVGUS/TA IVLIA
Bust draped, right
Josifovski describes this reverse as Nike standing facing, head right, holding torch with entwined snake and cornucopia, lotus flower on head; a very syncretic Nike-Demeter-Tyche-Ma-Isis. Unlisted die pair, the reverse is R99 of Josif. 250, the obverse is V33.
Cohen IV 271, BMCG 9, AMNG Gaebler 9
Julia Domna, AE 22 Diassaria65 viewsIVLIA A/VGVSTA
Bust draped, right
Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Cohen IV 264-265, BMCG 7, SNG Cop 333, Lingren 1146
Josifovski 155, same dies (V12, R12), citing specimen in Petersburg 2950
Justinian I decanummium65 views1/4 follis, 549-550, Constantinople, 19mm, 2.1g.vercingetorix
North Korea65 viewsKm183 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km187 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km188 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km190 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km192 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km194 - 1/2 Chon - 2002
Km196 - 1 Chon - 2002
Km3 - 10 Chon - 1959
Daniel F
Kroton, Bruttium65 views480-430 BC
AR Stater (20mm, 7.57g)
O: Tripod-lebes with lion's feet; heron standing right in left field, QPO to right, lemniscate serpents in ex.
R: Tripod-lebes incuse, with dentate border.
SNG ANS 312; SNG Cop 1764v
ex Tom Vossen
2 commentsEnodia
Larissa Drachm.jpg
GREEK, Thessaly, Larissa, AR drachm65 viewsObverse: Head of nymph Larissa 3/4 facing to the left.
Reverse: Horse grazing right.
001 - Licinius II (Caesar 317-324 AD), AE 3 - RIC 162 var. unlisted65 viewsObv: LICINIVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS, wreath inscribed AVG on cippus decorated with garland, P - R in field.
Minted in Rome (RQ in exe), Officina 5, 318-319 AD.

RIC 162 var. with wreath instead of shield on rev is unlisted, but not previously unknown.
3 commentspierre_p77
lincin com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Cyzicus 965 viewsAE 18 mm 3.5 grams. 317-320 3rd Officina Follis
OBV :: IMP LICI-NIVS AVG. laureate, draped, globe and/or sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG. Jupiter standing left chalmy across left shoulder, holding victory on glode, leaning on scepter. Wreath in left, gamma in right fields
EX :: SMK (Cyzicus)
RIC VII Cyzicus 9
RIC rated Scarce
Purchased 03/2008
1 commentsJohnny
lincinius  iovi com.JPG
Licinius I RIC VII Antioch 3565 viewsAE 19 mm 3.4 grams 321-323 AD
OBV :: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI . Jupiter standing left, chalmy across left shoulder holding Victory on globe / leaning on eagle-tipped sceptre. Eagle with wreath left, captive right . X over II Mu in right field
EX :: SMANTB (Antioch)
RIC VII Antioch 35
RIC rated R2
from uncleaned lot 10/2006
modern blotchy patina
Anonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. Lion65 viewsAnonymous lead seal, ca. 2.-3. Century A.D. 18-22mm, 10.94g. Obv: lion walking left on ground line, the lion has his front paw placed upon an object, probably a bucranium, crescent and star (?) above. Ex Rutten & Wieland.
2 commentsPodiceps
Lucius Verus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus, Denarius65 viewsLucius Verus 161-169 A.D.

RIC 515
1 commentsBarry
Crawford 544/29, Marc Antony, for Legio XIV, Denarius, 32-31 BC.65 viewsMarc Antony, for Legio XIV (Gemina Martia Victrix), Patras mint (?), 32-31 BC.,
Denarius (16-17 mm / 3,63 g),
Obv.: above: [AN]T AVG , below: [III VI]R R P C , under oar right, filleted scepter or mast with fluttering banners on prow.
Rev.: LEG - XIV , Aquila (legionary eagle) between two military standards.
Crawf. 544/29 ; Bab. (Antonia) 123 ; BMC 208 ; Sear 369 ; Syd. 1234 .

Die Legio XIV wurde 41 v. Chr. von Augustus aufgestellt. Sie war seit 9 n. Chr. in Moguntiacum (Mainz) stationiert und kämpfte später unter Claudius in Britannien, wo sie 60 oder 61 n. Chr. half, Boudicca niederzuwerfen. Später war die Legion u. a. in Vindobona (Wien) und Carnuntum stationiert. Sie war an den Usurpationen des Saturninus und Regalianus beteiligt.

Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was a legion of the Roman Empire, levied by Octavian after 41 BC. The cognomen Gemina (twin in Latin) suggests that the legion resulted from fusion of two previous ones, one of them possibly being the Fourteenth legion that fought in the Battle of Alesia. Martia Victrix (martial victory) were cognomens added by Nero following the victory over Boudica. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn, as with many of the legions levied by Augustus.
Invasion of Britain
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior, since AD 9, XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and took part in the defeat of Boudicca in 60 or 61. In 68 it was stationed in Gallia Narbonensis.
Rebellion on the Rhine
In 89 the governor of Germania Superior, Lucius Antonius Saturninus, rebelled against Domitian, with the support of the XIVth and of the XXI Rapax, but the revolt was suppressed.
Pannonian defense
When the XXIst legion was lost, in 92, XIIII Gemina was sent in Pannonia to substitute it, camping in Vindobona (Vienna). After a war with the Sarmatians and Trajan's Dacian Wars (101-106), the legion was moved to Carnuntum, where it stayed for three centuries. Some subunits of Fourteenth fought in the wars against the Mauri, under Antoninus Pius, and the legion participated to the Parthian campaign of Emperor Lucius Verus. During his war against the Marcomanni, Emperor Marcus Aurelius based his headquarters in Carnuntum.
In support of Septimius Severus
In 193, after the death of Pertinax, the commander of the Fourteenth, Septimius Severus, was acclaimed emperor by the Pannonian legions, and above all by his own. XIIII Gemina fought for its emperor in his march to Rome to attack usurper Didius Julianus (193), contributed to the defeat of the usurper Pescennius Niger (194), and probably fought in the Parthian campaign that ended with the sack of the capital of the empire, Ctesiphon (198).
In support of imperial candidates
In the turmoil following the defeat of Valerian, tXIIII Gemina supported usurper Regalianus against Emperor Gallienus (260), then Gallienus against Postumus of the Gallic empire (earning the title VI Pia VI Fidelis — "six times faithful, six times loyal"), and, after Gallienus death, Gallic Emperor Victorinus (269-271).
5th century
At the beginning of the 5th century, XIIII Gemina still stayed at Carnuntum. It probably dissolved with the collapse of the Danube frontier in 430s. The Notitia Dignitatum lists a Quartodecimani comitatensis unit under the Magister Militum per Thracias; it is possible that this unit is XIV Gemina.

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
170 Marcianus ( 450-457 A.D.), Constantinople, RIC X 545, -/-//CON, AE-4, Monogram type-2, #265 views170 Marcianus ( 450-457 A.D.), Constantinople, RIC X 545, -/-//CON, AE-4, Monogram type-2, #2
avers:- D-N-MARCIANVS-P-F-AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. (M3/D3)
revers:- Monogram of Marcian within wreath, S below, cross above. Monogram type-2.
exe: -/-//CON, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Constantinople, date: 450-457 A.D., ref: RIC X 545, p-282.
046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,65 views046 Mathias II., (Mathias of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1608-1619 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-869, 1613 A.D.,
diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 0,37g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark:
date: A.D., ref: Unger-, CNH-, Huszar-,
ROMAN EMPIRE / Emperor Maximinus I (AD 235 - 238) Silver Denarius Salus 65 viewsMaximinus I, 235 - 238 AD
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint, struck Mar 235 - Jan 236 A.D.
20mm, 3.23 gr.
Obverse: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximinus right.
IMP[erator] MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG[vstvs] Emperor Maximinus Dutiful Augustus

Reverse: SALVS AVGVSTI ( [Dedicated to] To the health of the Emperors ) , Salus ( Hygieia - Greek - ), seated left, feeding snake rising up from altar, from Patera in right hand, resting left elbow on throne.

References ; RIC 85
A superb Choice EF masterpiece example , artistic and well executed dies.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection./ NO. RI 20450
Given as a souvenir to a very dear friend. ( 8/18/2016 )

Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks (Her name is the source of the word "hygiene." ) , who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.

*The logo of Pharmacology was taken from Salus 's Patera and snake .
1 commentsSam
Maximinus I Thrax - RIC 77a65 viewsDenarius, Rome, 235-6 AD, 2.99g. Obv: without GERM, second portrait. IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left holding cornucopia & wand pointed at globe at foot. BMC-86, RSC-77a, RIC-13, RCV-83153 commentsBud Stewart
moneta 613.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Arcadius AE465 viewsobv: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: VICTORIA AVGGG. Victory advancing left
Struck 383-395 A.D. at unknown mint
Van Meter 42
Pompeii Mosaics65 viewsFloor mosaics in the house of a Patrician family. Extensively restored they actually allow you to walk on it!Titus Pullo
Mysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,65 viewsMysia, Parion, (c. 350-300 B.C.), AR-Hemidrachm, SNG Cop-257-266var, ΠΑΡΙ, Bull standing left looking back,
avers:-No legend, Gorgon head facing.
revers:- Π Α above a bull standing left looking back, Ρ Ι between bull's legs, under "Bukranion".
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Mysia, Parion, date: c. 350-300 B.C.,
ref: SNG von Aulock-7423, SNG Paris-1380, SNG Cop-257-266var, BMC-95.19.,
Quasi-Autonomous Issue, Pergamon65 viewsObv: ΘЄON CYNKΛHTON, laureate, draped bust of the Roman Senate facing right.

Rev: ΘЄAN PΩ MHN, turreted, draped bust of Roma facing right, lituus before her.

An autonomous issue that does not bear the name of the issuing city, however a large hoard of these coins were unearthed in Turkey near the city of Pergamon.

Ć 17, Pergamon mint, 1st Century AD

4 grams, 17 mm, 0°

GIC 4910
1 commentsSPQR Coins
Nero AE Sestertius.jpg
706a, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.65 views6, Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D. AE setertius, Date: 66 AD; RIC I 516, 36.71 mm; 25.5 grams; aVF. Obverse: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT PP, Laureate bust right; Reverse: S C, ROMA, Roma seated left, exceptional portrait and full obverse legends. Ex Ancient Imports.

NERO (54-68 A.D.)

It is difficult for the modern student of history to realize just how popular Nero actually was, at least at the beginning of his reign. Rome looked upon her new Emperor with hope. He was the student of Seneca, and he had a sensitive nature. He loved art, music, literature, and theatre. He was also devoted to horses and horse racing—a devotion shared by many of his subjects. The plebs loved their new Emperor. As Professor of Classics Judith P. Hallett (University of Maryland, College Park) says, “It is not clear to me that Nero ever changed or that Nero ever grew-up, and that was both his strength and his weakness. Nero was an extraordinarily popular Emperor: he was like Elvis” (The Roman Empire in the First Century, III. Dir. Margaret Koval and Lyn Goldfarb. 2001. DVD. PBS/Warner Bros. 2003).

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Herbert W. Benario
Emory University

Introduction and Sources
The five Julio-Claudian emperors are very different one from the other. Augustus dominates in prestige and achievement from the enormous impact he had upon the Roman state and his long service to Rome, during which he attained unrivaled auctoritas. Tiberius was clearly the only possible successor when Augustus died in AD 14, but, upon his death twenty-three years later, the next three were a peculiar mix of viciousness, arrogance, and inexperience. Gaius, better known as Caligula, is generally styled a monster, whose brief tenure did Rome no service. His successor Claudius, his uncle, was a capable man who served Rome well, but was condemned for being subject to his wives and freedmen. The last of the dynasty, Nero, reigned more than three times as long as Gaius, and the damage for which he was responsible to the state was correspondingly greater. An emperor who is well described by statements such as these, "But above all he was carried away by a craze for popularity and he was jealous of all who in any way stirred the feeling of the mob." and "What an artist the world is losing!" and who is above all remembered for crimes against his mother and the Christians was indeed a sad falling-off from the levels of Augustus and Tiberius. Few will argue that Nero does not rank as one of the worst emperors of all.

The prime sources for Nero's life and reign are Tacitus' Annales 12-16, Suetonius' Life of Nero, and Dio Cassius' Roman History 61-63, written in the early third century. Additional valuable material comes from inscriptions, coinage, papyri, and archaeology.

Early Life
He was born on December 15, 37, at Antium, the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbusand Agrippina. Domitius was a member of an ancient noble family, consul in 32; Agrippina was the daughter of the popular Germanicus, who had died in 19, and Agrippina, daughter of Agrippa, Augustus' closest associate, and Julia, the emperor's daughter, and thus in direct descent from the first princeps. When the child was born, his uncle Gaius had only recently become emperor. The relationship between mother and uncle was difficult, and Agrippina suffered occasional humiliation. But the family survived the short reign of the "crazy" emperor, and when he was assassinated, it chanced that Agrippina's uncle, Claudius, was the chosen of the praetorian guard, although there may have been a conspiracy to accomplish this.

Ahenobarbus had died in 40, so the son was now the responsibility of Agrippina alone. She lived as a private citizen for much of the decade, until the death of Messalina, the emperor's wife, in 48 made competition among several likely candidates to become the new empress inevitable. Although Roman law forbade marriage between uncle and niece, an eloquent speech in the senate by Lucius Vitellius, Claudius' closest advisor in the senatorial order, persuaded his audience that the public good required their union. The marriage took place in 49, and soon thereafter the philosopher Seneca [[PIR2 A617]] was recalled from exile to become the young Domitius' tutor, a relationship which endured for some dozen years.

His advance was thereafter rapid. He was adopted by Claudius the following year and took the name Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar or Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus, was preferred to Claudius' natural son, Britannicus, who was about three years younger, was betrothed to the emperor's daughter Octavia, and was, in the eyes of the people, the clear successor to the emperor. In 54, Claudius died, having eaten some poisoned mushrooms, responsibility for which was believed to be Agrippina's, and the young Nero, not yet seventeen years old, was hailed on October 13 as emperor by the praetorian guard.

The First Years of Rule
The first five years of Nero's rule are customarily called the quinquennium, a period of good government under the influence, not always coinciding, of three people, his mother, Seneca, and Sextus Afranius Burrus, the praetorian prefect. The latter two were allies in their "education" of the emperor. Seneca continued his philosophical and rhetorical training, Burrus was more involved in advising on the actualities of government. They often combined their influence against Agrippina, who, having made her son emperor, never let him forget the debt he owed his mother, until finally, and fatally, he moved against her.

Nero's betrothal to Octavia was a significant step in his ultimate accession to the throne, as it were, but she was too quiet, too shy, too modest for his taste. He was early attracted to Poppaea Sabina, the wife of Otho, and she continually goaded him to break from Octavia and to show himself an adult by opposing his mother. In his private life, Nero honed the musical and artistic tastes which were his chief interest, but, at this stage, they were kept private, at the instigation of Seneca and Burrus.

As the year 59 began, Nero had just celebrated his twenty-first birthday and now felt the need to employ the powers which he possessed as emperor as he wished, without the limits imposed by others. Poppaea's urgings had their effect, first of all, at the very onset of the year, with Nero's murder of his mother in the Bay of Naples.

Agrippina had tried desperately to retain her influence with her son, going so far as to have intercourse with him. But the break between them proved irrevocable, and Nero undertook various devices to eliminate his mother without the appearance of guilt on his part. The choice was a splendid vessel which would collapse while she was on board. As this happened, she swam ashore and, when her attendant, having cried out that she was Agrippina, was clubbed to death, Agrippina knew what was going on. She sent Nero a message that she was well; his response was to send a detachment of sailors to finish the job. When she was struck across the head, she bared her womb and said, "Strike here, Anicetus, strike here, for this bore Nero," and she was brutally murdered.

Nero was petrified with fear when he learned that the deed had been done, yet his popularity with the plebs of Rome was not impaired. This matricide, however, proved a turning point in his life and principate. It appeared that all shackles were now removed. The influence of Seneca and Burrus began to wane, and when Burrus died in 62, Seneca realized that his powers of persuasion were at an end and soon went into retirement. Britannicus had died as early as 55; now Octavia was to follow, and Nero became free to marry Poppaea. It may be that it had been Burrus rather than Agrippina who had continually urged that Nero's position depended in large part upon his marriage to Octavia. Burrus' successor as commander of the praetorian guard, although now with a colleague, was Ofonius Tigellinus, quite the opposite of Burrus in character and outlook. Tigellinus became Nero's "evil twin," urging and assisting in the performance of crimes and the satisfaction of lusts.

Administrative and Foreign Policy
With Seneca and Burrus in charge of administration at home, the first half-dozen years of Nero's principate ran smoothly. He himself devoted his attention to his artistic, literary, and physical bents, with music, poetry, and chariot racing to the fore. But his advisors were able to keep these performances and displays private, with small, select audiences on hand. Yet there was a gradual trend toward public performance, with the establishment of games. Further, he spent many nights roaming the city in disguise, with numerous companions, who terrorized the streets and attacked individuals. Those who dared to defend themselves often faced death afterward, because they had shown disrespect for the emperor. The die was being cast for the last phases of Nero's reign.

The Great Fire at Rome and The Punishment
of the Christians
The year 64 was the most significant of Nero's principate up to this point. His mother and wife were dead, as was Burrus, and Seneca, unable to maintain his influence over Nero without his colleague's support, had withdrawn into private life. The abysmal Tigellinus was now the foremost advisor of the still young emperor, a man whose origin was from the lowest levels of society and who can accurately be described as criminal in outlook and action. Yet Nero must have considered that he was happier than he had ever been in his life. Those who had constrained his enjoyment of his (seemingly) limitless power were gone, he was married to Poppaea, a woman with all advantages save for a bad character the empire was essentially at peace, and the people of Rome enjoyed a full measure of panem et circenses. But then occurred one of the greatest disasters that the city of Rome, in its long history, had ever endured.

The fire began in the southeastern angle of the Circus Maximus, spreading through the shops which clustered there, and raged for the better part of a week. There was brief success in controlling the blaze, but then it burst forth once more, so that many people claimed that the fires were deliberately set. After about a fortnight, the fire burned itself out, having consumed ten of the fourteen Augustan regions into which the city had been divided.

Nero was in Antium through much of the disaster, but his efforts at relief were substantial. Yet many believed that he had been responsible, so that he could perform his own work comparing the current fate of Rome to the downfall of Troy. All his efforts to assist the stricken city could not remove the suspicion that "the emperor had fiddled while Rome burned." He lost favor even among the plebs who had been enthusiastic supporters, particularly when his plans for the rebuilding of the city revealed that a very large part of the center was to become his new home.

As his popularity waned, Nero and Tigellinus realized that individuals were needed who could be charged with the disaster. It so happened that there was such a group ready at hand, Christians, who had made themselves unpopular because of their refusal to worship the emperor, their way of life, and their secret meetings. Further, at this time two of their most significant "teachers" were in Rome, Peter and Paul. They were ideal scapegoats, individuals whom most Romans loathed, and who had continually sung of the forthcoming end of the world.

Their destruction was planned with the utmost precision and cruelty, for the entertainment of the populace. The venue was Nero's circus near the Mons Vaticanus. Christians were exposed to wild animals and were set ablaze, smeared with pitch, to illuminate the night. The executions were so grisly that even the populace displayed sympathy for the victims. Separately, Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican hill and Paul was beheaded along the Via Ostiensis. But Nero's attempt, and hope, to shift all suspicion of arson to others failed. His popularity even among the lower classes was irrevocably impaired.

[For a detailed and interesting discussion of Nero’s reign please see]

The End - Nero's Death and its Aftermath
Nero's and Tigellinus' response to the conspiracy was immediate and long-lasting. The senatorial order was decimated, as one leading member after another was put to death or compelled to commit suicide. The year 66 saw the suicides of perhaps the most distinguished victims of the "reign of terror," Caius Petronius and Thrasea Paetus. Petronius, long a favorite of Nero because of his aesthetic taste, had been an able public servant before he turned to a life of ease and indolence. He was recognized as the arbiter elegantiae of Nero's circle, and may be the author of the Satyricon. At his death, he left for Nero a document which itemized many of the latter's crimes. Thrasea, a staunch Stoic who had been for some years an outspoken opponent of Nero's policies, committed suicide in the Socratic manner. This scene is the last episode in the surviving books of Tacitus' Annals.

In the year 68, revolt began in the provinces. . . the end of Nero's reign became inevitable. Galba claimed the throne and began his march from Spain. Nero panicked and was rapidly abandoned by his supporters. He finally committed suicide with assistance, on June 9, 68, and his body was tended and buried by three women who had been close to him in his younger days, chief of whom was Acte. His death scene is marked above all by the statement, "Qualis artifex pereo," (What an artist dies in me.) Even at the end he was more concerned with his private life than with the affairs of state.

The aftermath of Nero's death was cataclysmic. Galba was the first of four emperors who revealed the new secret of empire, that an emperor could be made elsewhere than in Rome. Civil war ensued, which was only ended by the victory of the fourth claimant, Vespasian, who established the brief dynasty of the Flavians. The dynasty of the Julio-Claudians was at an end.

Nero's popularity among the lower classes remained even after his death.

. . . .

It is not excessive to say that he was one of the worst of Rome's emperors in the first two centuries and more of the empire. Whatever talents he had, whatever good he may have done, all is overwhelmed by three events, the murder of his mother, the fire at Rome, and his savage treatment of the Christians.

Precisely these qualities are the reasons that he has remained so well known and has been the subject of many writers and opera composers in modern times. These works of fiction particularly merit mention: Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis, one of the finest works of the 1907 Nobel Laureate in Literature, and John Hersey's The Conspiracy. Nero unquestionably will always be with us.

Copyright (C) 2006, Herbert W. Benario.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Nero - RIC-6065 viewsNero. 54-68 AD. AR Denarius (3.38 gm). Struck 65/6 AD Rome Mint. NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / SALVS, Salus seated left on throne, holding patera. RIC I 60; BMCRE 90; WCN 59; RSC 3146 commentsBud Stewart
NERO Drachm, RIC 621, Claudius65 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERM, laureate head of Nero right
REV: DIVOS CLAVD AVGVST GERMANIC PATER AVG, Claudius' laureate head right
17mm, 3.6g

Minted at Caesarea
3 commentsLegatus
005 Claudius AR Denarius65 viewsClaudius AR Denarius. 41-54 AD. Rome mint Struck 46-47 AD.
(17.28 mm 3.62 gr).
Obv: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, Constantia seated left of curule chair, hand raised to face. RIC 32 (R2), RSC 8 BMC 31. Ex: AU Capital Management LLC

2 commentsorfew
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, 10. Commodus, HrHJ (2015) (plate coin)65 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 26, 12.68g, 26.29mm, 100°
struck under governor Caecilius Servilianus
head, laureate, r.
River-god, bearded, leaning l., holding rudder(?) in outstretched r. hand, resting
with l. arm on urn from whitch water flows l.
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1235, pl. XVII, 31
b) Varbanov (engl.) 2160
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. (plate coin)
d) not in RPC online
rare, about VF

The object in the r. hand of the river-god appears as a thin stick but should be a rudder; anyway it is no reed as Santini has suggested (Pick).
The big bronzes from Commodus are from bad style. They all seem to come from the same die-cutter, perhaps his first ones (Pick).
2 commentsJochen
Numerian VOTA.jpg
Numerian VOTA PVBLICA65 viewsAntoninianus, 4.59 g, 22 mm, 12 h, 283-284 AD

Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Numerian and Carus sacrificing at altar; 2 ensigns in the background

Exergue: SMSXXIΓ

Siscia mint

RIC Vii 461v (unlisted bust type)
5 commentsdrjbca
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,65 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 410C, Rome, -/-//KAB, IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-VI-CTORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left.
exerg: -/-//KAB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 410C, p-195,
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,65 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 416, Rome, -/-//KAΔ, PIETAS AVG G, Mercury standing left,
avers:- IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PIETA-S-AVG-G, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus.
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 7th officinae, date: 283-284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 416, p-196,
numid 1+.jpg
Numidia65 viewsNumidia, Kings of. Micipsa. Circa 148-118 BC. Ć 23mm (9.10 gm). Laureate, bearded head left / Prancing horse left.Tanit
MAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya, "HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"65 viewsMAGYAR ORVOSOK és TERMÉSZETVIZSGÁLÓK (1842) AE-Medal, Besztercze Bánya,
"HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN and NATURALIST (1842), Scientific Conference, Besztercze Bánya"
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 45,50mm, weight:40,49g, axes:0h,
material: AE (Br), mint: , artist: , date: 1842 A.D.,
AUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King65 viewsAUSTRIA -- Ottokar II as King (1261-1276) AR Pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Crowned lion right, looking backward. Rev.: Eagle over vine. Luschin #69a. dpaul7
Ouazebas65 viewsObverse: Bust rt. Garment draped on shoulders, v-neck collar, wearing a head cloth. Bust is flanked by 3 wheat stalks, cross above. Greek inscription not legible typically +OYAZEBACBACI/\EYC (King Ouazebas) though often incomplete or incorrect.

Reverse: Similar smaller bust to Obv. Enclosed in a circle. Area inside circle gilt. Cross at top and Greek legend outside the circle. +TOYTOAP[CHTHXWPA (May this please the country/people). Numerous variants of lettering, sometimes written upside down or backwards.

Mint :
Date : AD. 4th C
Reference : M-H 54, V29
Grade : F
Weight : 2.0g
Metal : Copper
Comments : AE 17mm, Die Axis 0
TRAJAN DECIUS 248-251 A.D. Caesarea Maritima mint AE 2865 viewsTRAJAN DECIUS Ros-126
Obv:bust r, laur and cuirass
Rev:emperor wearing paludentum flies out behind himriding r. on prancing horrse carrying spear in r,below small figure of enemmmy crouching.
AEQVITAS AVG65 viewsPhilippus I. antoninianus
Antiochia mint
3 commentstibsi67
Philippines (Republic)65 viewsKm208 - 25 Sentimos - 1975
Km241.1 - 25 Sentimos - 1983
Km271 - 25 Sentimos - 2004
Km269 - 1 Piso - 2003
Km272 - 5 Piso - 2005
Km278 - 10 Piso - 2006 - Mobini and Bonifacio
Daniel Friedman
Philippus_I_Antoninian_VICTORIA_AVG65 viewsNumis-Student
Macedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,65 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Philip II., (359-336 B.C), SNG ANS 947, AE-18, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ/ Π, Youth on horseback right,
avers: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia. Small "A" behind the head of Apollo.
revers: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, Π below.
exe: -/-//Π, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 6,37g, axis: 5h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Philipp II., date: ca. 359-336 B.C., ref: SNG ANS-947,
1 commentsquadrans
PHILIP I AR Antoninianus R:P M TR P III COS P P, RIC-365 viewsPhilip I, 244 - 249 AD. AR Antononianus
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: P M TR P III COS P P, Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia
3.05 gm 22 mm Ref: Sear III 8944, RIC 3, C124 _7200
3 commentsAntonivs Protti
Obv. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG-Radiate,cuirassed,draped bust right,seen from behind
Rev. ROMAE AETERNAE-Roma seated left on shield,Victory in right hand,scepter in left
Size 23mm
2 commentsblack-prophet
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)65 viewsSyria, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch
Billon Tetradrachm
O: ΑΥΤΟΚ Κ Μ ΙΟΥΛΙ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC CΕΒ, Radiate and cuirassed bust left seen from the front.
R: ΔΗΜΑΡΧ ΕΞΟΥCΙΑC ΥΠΑΤΟ Γ, Eagle standing right, wings spread, head right, wreath in beak.
ANTIOXIA/S C in two lines below.
Antioch Mint, Stuck Year 3 246/247 A.D.
Prieur 359


Thanks to Potator II for the info:
Prieur # 359 than 360, 360 having the eagle with wings spread, while yours has its left wing (left to us, right eagle's wing) behind leg, which is even better, Prieur giving 7 examples of #360 and only 1 of #359
5 commentsMat
Phoenicia Byblos Dishekel65 viewsPhoenicia, Byblos AR Dishekel or Stater. King Azbaal (also known as Uzzibaal). ca 350-333 BC. War galley left with lion's head prow ornament, zigzag row of waves below, three hoplites with round shields within; hippocamp left above murex / Lion attacking bull to left, Phoenician legend above. BMC 4, Betlyon 14. Grade: EF. Weight: 13.19 Gr. Dimension: 25 mm.3 commentsmattpat
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander Pax65 viewsSeverus Alexander, 223 A.D., Rome.
OBV: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
REV: P M TR P II COS P P, Pax standing left with olive branch and scepter.
1 commentsancientcoins
Phraates, AE Drachm65 viewsPhraates, Early-mid 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing, wearing a diadem tiara with two dotted crescents on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Crescents

van't Haaff 14.5.1-2
de Morgan 36
BMC 28 279 64
Howard Cole
Phraates, AE Drachm65 viewsPhraates, Early-mid 2nd Century A.D., AE Drachm

Obv: Bearded bust facing, wearing a diadem tiara with two dotted crescents on it. Pellet and crescent above an anchor to the right.
Rev: Crescent dashes

Weight: 3.1 grams
Die axis 12 o'clock

van't Haaff 14.5.1-1
de Morgan 36
BMC 28 279 64
Howard Cole
Medieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #0365 viewsMedieval, #03, pilgrim "badge", #03
St. Paul, faceing, standing, a "book" in his left hand, right hand holding a sword.
size: 43x29,5mm,
weight: 6,64g,
1 commentsquadrans
Poppaea, Nero and Poppaea, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt65 viewsBillon tetradrachm, RPC I 5282, Geissen 168, Kampmann 14.85, Milne 223, SRCV I 2002, F, centered, toned, flat strike, Alexandria mint, weight 12.875g, maximum diameter 25.4mm, die axis 0o, 64 - 65 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AY, radiate head right; reverse ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, date L IA right (year 11)
Poppaea was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. Nero divorced his first wife Octavia to marry her in 62 A.D. Three years later, in a fit of anger, Nero kicked her in the abdomen. Pregnant, she died from her injuries. Others speculate that she simply died while giving birth.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Probus65 viewsAV-Aureus
Ov: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rv: Probus holding sceptre and mappa, standing left between four suppliants.
Ex: wreath
RIC 143; Bastien, Donativa p 59
Note: Part of the donativa that was issues for Probus' triumph in 281 A.D.
3 commentsJulianus of Pannonia
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,65 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 191, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F )
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,51g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 191var, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,65 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, Rome, ROMAE AETERNAE, Bust-F, Roma seated in temple,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear. (F)
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R*Z, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 197 var, Not in RIC this officina, p-38,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis, 65 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 733, Siscia, RESTITVT ORBIS, Bust-F, *//XXIP, Emperor and Orbis,
avers:-IMP-C-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F).
revers:- RESTITVT-ORBIS, Probus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath.
exerg: *//XXIP, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,59g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 733, p-96, Alf: 57, No-48,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,65 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust-G, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,
avers:- IMP-PRO_BVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (6,G)
revers:- VICTO_RIA_AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergo: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 18-21mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 214, p-40, C-741,
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,65 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 509, Ticinum, MARTI PACIF, Bust-G, I/-//QXXI, Mars walking left, #3, C,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- MART-I-PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive-branch, spear and shield. Mintmark: In left field I. EQV"I"TI
exerg: I/-//QXXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,68g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinium, 9th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-509, p-71, C-358, "C",
Lydia, Gordus-Julia, Synkletos / Dionysos, AE1965 views19mm, 4.86g
time of Commodus, 178-192 AD
obv: IEPA CVNKΛHTOC; draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right
rev: IOVΛIEΩN ΓOPΔHNΩN; Dionysos standing facing, head left, holding thyrsos in left, kantharos in right hand, panther at feet left

SNG von Aulock 2980; SNG Leypold 942 var (without panther)

ex Gert Boersema
1 commentsareich
Constantius II65 viewsConstantius II Ć Centenionalis. 351-355 AD. D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEM/NP (error M is "N" in temp)REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman left, ALEA in ex. Alexandria 72 var (headwear)Randygeki(h2)
043 B.C., P.Accoleius Lariscolus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 486/1, Rome, Diana-Hecate-Selene faceing, 65 viewsP.ACCOLEIVS – LARISCOLVS, Republic Ag Denarius,
avers:- Bust of Diana Nemorensis right draped, behind P.ACCOLEIVS upwards, before LARISCOLVS down wards, border of dots.
revers:- Triple cult statue of Diana Nemorensis (Diana-Hecate-Selene) faceing, behind, cypress grove, border of dots.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 43 B.C., ref: Crawford 486/1, Sydenham 1148,
RI 132cr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 351 Bust type G (Ticinum) (TXXT)65 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (TXXT in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 351 Bust type G
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -65 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev– LIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC - RSC -.

Another reverse type for this unusual obverse die bringing my total to three different reverses.
Rome, Lead Seal, #16,65 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #16,quadrans
Roman Empire, Maximinus I (235-238) AR Denarius (RIC-19)65 viewsObv: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM; Laureate draped bust facing right
Rev: PAX AVGVSTI; Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter
3 commentsSpongeBob
L. Roscius Fabatus, Crawford 412/165 viewsRoman Republic, L. Roscius Fabatus, gens Roscia
AR - denarius serratus, 18.10mm, 3.8g
Rome, 59 BC*
obv. bust of Juno Sospita wearing goat-skin cap, r., behind modius
beneath L.ROSCI
bankers mark in r. field
rev. Virgin in long clothes stg. r., feeding snake, which erects before her in several
coils, behind cista
in ex. FABATI
Crawford 412/1 (symbols 23); Sydenham 915; Roscia 3; Albert 1329
scarce, toned VF, appealing silver
ex Harlan J. Berk

* Dated 64 B.C. by Crawford and hence also by Roman Silver Coins , Volume I. The revised date is based on the outstanding analysis of the Messagne Horad by Alan Walker and Charles Hersh, ANS Museum Notes No. 29, New York, 1984, pp. 103-134

For more information look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'.
RPC-2411-Vespasian65 viewsAR Tetradrachm, 12.79g
Alexandria mint, 69-70 AD
RPC 2411 (43 spec.)
Obv: AYTOK KAIΣ ΣEBA OYEΣΠAΣIANOY; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., date LB before neck
Rev: EIPHNH; Eirene standing l., with corn-ears and caduceus
Acquired from MUSA, August 2014.

Alexandria was the first city to proclaim for Vespasian in July 69 and most likely was the first mint to strike coins for him. This coin is dated year 2. Alexandrian years began on 29 August, so it was minted between 29 August 69 and 28 August 70. Vespasian did not initially accept the title ΣEBA (Augustus) on the year one issue, but did so by year 2. The reverse type of Eirene was quite a common reverse and was a very appropriate type for the new emperor to strike during an ongoing civil war. The Alexandrian tetradrachm was worth the same as a denarius.

A really great example of the type in wonderful Alexandrian style.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
diademed and draped bust right

No legend - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
RIC 411, C 91, Rome Mint
2 commentsarizonarobin
65 viewsIslands off Ionia, Samos. Circa 310-300 BC. AR Didrachm (6.24 gm, 19mm). Asklepiades. Obv.: lion’s mask facing. Rev.: ΣΑ / [Α]ΣΚΛΗΠΙΑΔ[ΗΣ] Forepart of an ox to right, with a dotted truncation and an olive branch to right. Barron p. 214, 2 b (this coin). Ex:Münzen und Medaillen AG, Basel - fixed price list 169 (1957), lot 183 commentspaul1888
Sear 202265 viewsLatin occupation of Constantinople (1204 – 1261 CE) Billon aspron trachy, weight 3.4g , diameter 29mm. This is Hendy’s “Latin Type B”, large module, attributed to the years 1210-1220, overlapping the last years of Henry of Flanders (1205-1216) and the succeeding troubled period following the election of Peter II of Courteney. Abu Galyon
Phraates II65 viewstetradrachm, 138 - 127 BC
Sellwood 17.1v

This coin referenced in "The Celator," Vol. 23, No. 3, March 2009, page 18 ("Robinson Auction" results)
4 commentsRobert L3
Septimius Severus AR denarius, 202-210 AD, Rome65 viewsSeptimius Severus
AR denarius – 19mm
Rome, 202-210 AD
Head, laureate, r.
the Dea Caelestis riding r., on a lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre: below, waters gushing from rock
RIC 266
SIKYONIA. Sikyon. Circa 330/20-280 BC. AR Triobol 65 viewsSIKYONIA. Sikyon. Circa 330/20-280 BC. AR Triobol (14mm - 2.80 gm). Chimaera left; SI below / Dove flying left; BCD 294; SNG Copenhagen 57; BMC 111. VF, toned, decent metal quality.

Ex Gitbud Naumann
Spain65 viewsKm786 - 5 Pesetas - 1957
Km807 - 5 Pesetas - 1975
Km817 - 5 Pesetas - 1980 (82 World Cup Soccer)
Km787 - 25 Pesetas - 1957
Km808 - 25 Pesetas - 1975
Km818 - 25 Pesetas - 1980 World Cup Soccer
Km809 - 50 Pesetas - 1975
Km829 - 200 Pesetas - 1986
Daniel Friedman
Valentinian II Thessalonica REPARATIO REIPVB65 viewsRIC IX Thessalonica 37b C
56 BC Faustus Cornelius Sulla 65 viewsLaur. diad. and draped bust of Venus right, sceptre over shoulder SC behind

Three trophies between jub and lituus, monogram FAVSTVS in ex.

RRC 426/3
Sear 386


The three trophies were engraved on the signet ring of Pompey the Great symbolizing his victories on three continents. Faustus was the son of Lucius Cornelius Sulla and son-in-law of Pompey the Great.
1 commentsTitus Pullo
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers: LAETITIA-FVND, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and anchor in left hand. (Laet-1).
exerg: -/-//XXIB, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 4h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-89, T-(Estiot)-3538,
Titus RIC 2365 viewsAR Denarius, 3.00g
Rome Mint, 79 AD
RIC 23 (R3), BMC -, RSC -
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch

This is the second known specimen of an extremely rare portrait left Ceres type. The only other known specimen was in the Harry Sneh collection and was sold in the Gemini IX sale, 8 January, lot 333 (RIC plate coin). My coin shares an obverse die. It's not often that a second specimen of a unique Flavian type turns up, especially for Titus!

Nicely toned with good eye appeal despite the wear and a few scratches.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus RIC 4165 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 41 (R2), BMC p. 227 note, RSC 287a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XV COS VII P P; Ceres std. l., with corn ears and poppy and torch
Acquired from CGB, August 2012.

This is a rare portrait left of this IMP XV Ceres reverse type. It is foot noted in BMCRE and only one specimen is cited in RIC from Belgrade (not pictured in plates).

All the coins from this series are a bit rarer than other series minted by Titus, and those with left facing portraits are even scarcer! A good coin in decent metal and style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
The Telephos Frieze65 viewsTelephos was the mythic founder of Pergamon, one of the most beautiful cities of the Hellenistic age. Some scenes which describe Telephos' adventures, housed at the Pergamon Museum in the former East Berlin, were on exhibit at the Palazzo Ruspoli in 1996-7. Originally, 22 centuries ago, this beautiful sculpture was placed along the perimeter of the inner walls of the Zeus Altar at Pergamum. The Telephos Frieze was composed of a sequence of 52 panels. In the 19th century, German archaeologists were able to "save" only a portion of this magnificent work of ancient art.

To view 12 of these panels see:
Tet I. b.JPG
Tetricus I. Antoninian tta2.65 viewsTetricus I. Antoninian, 6. Emission, struck 273-274 AD at Trier mint.
Obv: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HILARITAS AVGG, Holaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopiae.
Ř 19-23 mm, 2.72 g.
RIC 79, Zschucke 287

EF. I like the style of this portrait!
2 commentsPscipio
GREEK, Attica, Athens, AR tetradrachm, 431-415 B.C.65 views Circa 431/415 BC
25,5mm / 17,16 grms ; die axis 9h
Obverse: "Archaic style" head of Athena, wearing crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and floral scroll.
Reverse: ΑΘΕ / Owl, olive twig, and crescent moon.
S. #2526.
3 commentsmoneta romana
Macedonia, Thessalonica, Julia Domna, AMNG 5265 viewsJulia Domna, AD 198-217, wife of Septimius Severus
AE 24
bust, draped, r.
distyle aedicula with gabled roof within kabeiros stg. frontal, head l., wearing
short chiton and chlamys, hanging down before and behind him, holding
hammer in raised l. hand and in r. hand rhyton, which is shaped as four-footed
AMNG III, 52 (1 ex., London); not in Touratsoglou
very rare, VF
added to

The rhyton with the four-footed animal is known as animal protomen rhyton. It could be eventually a pegasos rhyton as on Touratsoglou 326, VIB/3.
2 commentsJochen
Tiberius denar65 viewsPONTIF MAXIM1 commentstibsi67
Titus L throne.jpg
Titus RIC-12065 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
RIC 120 (C), BMC 56, RSC 314
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, winged thunderbolt
Acquired from Imperial Coins, June 2007.

Same type as BMCRE 51 but with the left facing portrait.

A pleasing portrait, even if the coin itself is a bit off-center.

Titus AR Denarius65 views Titus, as Augustus. 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
AR Denarius
Ob: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head of Titus, facing right.
Rv: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, diadem on a draped table; also described as throne with back in form of a diadem with corn ears.
Struck 80 A.D.
RIC 242, RSC 313, RCV 846, Sear/RCV 2514
Dark toned, dullish surface.
Scotvs Capitis
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD65 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
Trajan Denarius65 views112-114 AD. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate draped bust right / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy2 commentsancientone
Trajanus sestertius Roma receiving victory from Trajan RIC 45165 viewsTrajan AE Sestertius. 103 AD. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM DACICVS P M, laureate bust right / TR P VII IMP IIII COS V P P, Roma seated right receiving Victory from the togate Emperor standing before her, S C in ex. RIC 451, Cohen 599mattpat
Trajan RIC II, 24565 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117 n.Chr.
AR - Denarius, 3.05g, 18.4mm
Rome, AD 112-117
Bust, laureate, r., slightly draped on l. shoulder
in ex. ARAB ADQ
Arabia stg. facing, head l., holding branch in r. r. hand and balsam cane in l. arm; behind her feet camel walking l.
RIC II, 245; C.26; BMC 474
about EF, attractive toned
From Forum Ancient Coins, thank you!

(1) ARAB ADQ = Arabia adquisita, Arabia acquired (not conquered!)
(2) The object in the l. arm is often called 'bundle of cinnamon sticks', but the extensions which are clearly seen on this specimen could better be explained by the rhizome (rootstock) of the balsam cane (as is stated in RIC too!)
2 commentsJochen
Kingdom of Lydia Alyattes II EL Trite65 viewsKingdom of Lydia. Alyattes II EL Trite. 610-560 BC. Sardes mint, 4.67g, 13mm.
O: Confronted lion’s heads (only the right is visible); walwet (partially off flan) between.
R: Double incuse square punch. Weidauer 93.

The Kingdom of Lydia under the Mermnad dynasty may well have been the originator of coinage in the Mediterranean world. It possessed rich deposits of electrum, an alloy of gold and silver, which was the only metal used for coin production in its earliest stages. While most of these coins are anepigraphic, a small number of types bear either the the inscription walwet or kukalim in Lydian, the former thought to be the name of the Mermnad king known from Greek sources as Alyattes.

On trites such as this coin, the oversized die features two confronted lion's heads, with the inscription between them, although only the right or left lion is ever fully visible. It would seem the dies were initially produced for the striking of staters, although none survive.
Turkey AH1327/6 1914 - 10 Kurus65 viewsOttoman Empire, Silver 10 Kurus.
Constantinople Mint.
.8300 Silver .3210 oz ASW
Mintage: 81,000

* Photos taken through coin flip. *
USA - 1849 Large Cent65 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 4,178,500
USA - 1851 Large Cent65 viewsPart of a large, mixed world lot I bought on a whim

Mintage 9,889,707
Titus as Caesar RIC-V1426(5A)465 viewsAR Denarius, 2.78g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD
RIC V1426(5A)4, BMC -, RSC -, RPC -
Obv: IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI ORB TERR AVG; Turreted and draped femail bust, r., no mint mark
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This coin should have the EPHE mint mark on the lower left of the reverse, however it is clearly not there. This is the second coin from the series I have seen which has no mint mark. It has been added to the Flavian RIC II Addenda.

Better in hand than the photo suggests.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus as Caesar RIC V528A65 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 73 AD
RIC V528A, BMC - , RSC -
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: NEP RED; Neptune stg. l., r. foot on globe, with acrostolium and sceptre
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 637. Ex Gorny & Mosch 122, 10 March 2003, lot 2043 = 113, 18 October 2001, lot 5729.

An unpublished Neptune type with CENS in the obverse legend. The coin will be 528A (under Vespasian) in the RIC II Addenda. It fits nicely alongside my unpublished V529A Salus from the same series. I think there are still a few other unknown types that will surface for this series - this Neptune reverse for the corresponding Vespasian issue is one that so far is awaiting discovery.

A beautiful denarius in hand with an amazing early portrait. The other two denarii I have from this series also have exemplary portraits. An issue style wise to take note of then.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
VALENS-865 viewsObv: D N VALENS P F AVG pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm

Exe: *F/ASISC/M Siscia mint

Ref: RIX IX 15b type xvi 2.7g 18mm Dug in Bulgaria
Matthew Raica
Valentinian I RIC IX 5a65 viewsObv: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG
pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
emperor dragging captive by hair & holding labarum
dot Gamma SISC in ex.
20mm 2.5 gm
Vandals anonymous65 viewsObverse: Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Victory advancing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left
Mint : Carthage
Date : 5th Century AD
Reference : Wroth, Coins of the Vandals, Victory type 21-31, Pl. III, 10
Grade : V
Weight : 0.99g
Metal : AE
Acquired: 16/06/06
Comments : Wroth notes that coins showing inscriptions represented by strokes or lozenges are probably indicative of barbarous imitations (possibly the Mauri tribe).
026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #0265 views026 Vencel, (Venceslaus), King of Hungary, (1301-1305 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-343var, Harpy standing left, #02
avers:- King enthroned facing, between two flowers, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
revers:- Harpy standing left; border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,46g, axis:3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-343var, CP-56, Huszar-434a, Very Rare !!!
Roman, VESPASIAN65 viewsAR denarius. Ephesus. 71 AD. 3,61 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P / Ceres? seated left,holding corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae.
CONCORDIA AVG. In exergue E PH (ligate) E.
RIC 329. C 67.
A breathtaking portrait from an eastern mint.
VESPASIAN65 viewsAR denarius. 69-70 AD. 3,22grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG / Trophy; to right, Jewess, in attitude of mourning, seated right . In exergue IVDAEA.
RIC 2. Hendin 1479. RSC 226
Vespasian Countermark on Marc Antony Legionary Denarius65 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: [ANT AVG III VIR R P C], praetorian galley. Rev: IMPVES

IMPVESP was commonly found on denarii of the Republic according to Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins. Although the undertype is very worn, the praetorian galley is clear on the Obverse, and the countermark is very clear (better than my photo makes it) on the reverse. A little something different for my Flavian collection.
2 commentsLucas H
Rome, Lead Seal, #11,65 viewsRome, Lead Seal, #11,quadrans
BCC g1665 viewsRoman Gem Stone
Intaglio 1st-4th cent.CE
Caesarea Maritima
Victory advancing left,
holding wreath and palm branch.
Transparent Red Carnelian
Gem size: 7x9 mm. 0.18gm.
cf. Anit Hamburger, "Gems from Caesarea Maritima",
Atiqot English Series, Vol. VIII, 1968, #58 and #61.
(click on photo for higher resolution)
1 commentsv-drome
GENIO POP ROM - Constantine I65 viewsAE Follis, London, Autumn 307 - Early 310
5.86gm, 25mm
O: Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.

RIC VII.103 (S), ex. Tom Wood, ex. Steve Clayton
Paul DiMarzio
Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-12-01, AE-Sestertius, #065 views083 Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 05-12-01, AE-Sestertius, #01
avers:- IMP-C-GALLVS-P-FELIX-AVG, laureate draped bust right .
revers:- PMSC_OL-VIM, female figure (Viminacium or Provincia Moesia) standing, facing left, between bull to left and lion to right, in ex. AN XIII .
exergo: AN-XIII, diameter: 26mm, weight:10,46g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 251-252 A.D., ref: Pick-165, PM-5-12-1, Mus-56,
Vitellius Denarius65 viewsLaureate head right, A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P / Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below, XV VIR SACR FAC. Rome mint, April - December 20, AD69. RIC I 109 (pg. 273).socalcoins
Victorinus, gallic mint, R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG (Braithwell hoard)65 viewsVictorinus, bronze antoninianus, Gallic mint,
AE, 1.626 gr, maximum diameter 17.0mm, die axis 180°, Fair/VF
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right;
R/ PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, baton pointed downward in right, cornucopia in left
RIC V 61; Braithwell Report #165 (47 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 febbraio 2011, numero catalogo 122); ex FAC ((Morehead City NC Usa, 2010), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).

Taras, Calabria65 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Saladin, AE Dirham65 viewsEl-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub (Saladin)
AE Dirham, Minted in Al-Jazira, 1184 AD

Obverse: ﻯﺯﺎﻏﻦﺑ ﻩﺎﺷﺮﺠﻨﺳﺮﻔﻈﻤﻟﺍﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ (El-Melik el-Muzaffer Sencerţah bin Gazi), Bust facing quarter left:winged Nikes flying above

Reverse: ﻦﻴﻨﻣﺆﻤﻟﺍﺮﻴﻣﺍﻪﻠﻟﺍ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ /ﺏﻮﻳﺍ ﻦﺑ ﻒﺳﻮﻳﺮﺻﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ /ﺔﺋﺎﻤﺴﻤﺧﻭ ﻦﻴﻧﺎﻤﺛﻭ ﻊﺑﺭﺍ ﺔﻨﺳ ( El-Nasýr lidinillah emir'ül müminin / El-Melik el-Nasýr Yusuf bin Eyub / Sene 58x)

Steve Album, Checklist of Islamic coins A1882 (Scarce)

29mm , 13.4gm

Jerome Holderman
a.ANONYMOUS AE Quarter-Litra 241-222 BC65 views
D/ Helmeted hd. of Diana r.
R/ Dog walking r.; in ex. ROMA

Syd. 22
Augusta Traiana Lucius Verus Tullius Maximus65 viewsAUGUSTA TRAIANA

AE 32 15.80g

Lucius Verus

Q. Tullius Maximus (161-169 AD)

Laureate head right

City-gate with three turrets with battlements

rough patina; decent detail on rx

Schönert-Geiss "Die Münzpragung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis" #80 p. 65 depicted Tafel 5; Varbanov (E) II 919 p. 83 ( Lanz specimen depicted); BMC -; Mionnet -
Petrus Elmsley
L. Flaminius Cilo65 views109-108 BC
AR Denarius (17mm, 3.91g)
O: Helmeted head of Roma right; X beneath chin, ROMA behind.
R: Victory in biga right; L FLAMINI below horses, CILO in ex.
Crawford 302-1; Sydenham 540; RSC Flaminia 1; BMC Italy 537
ex Jack H. Beymer
3 commentsEnodia
Thrace, Chersonesos: AR hemidrachm64 viewsThrace, Chersonesos: AR hemidrachm
400-350 BC


Obv: Forepart of lion right, head reverted

Rev: Quadripartite incuse square, pellet in one quadrant, palm frond in catecorner quadrant

BMC Thrace p183 10; McClean 4081
1 commentsAnemicOak
Julia Domna 64 viewsJulia Domna Denarius
20 mm 3.09 gm
Draped bust of Julia right.
Venus seated left, holding apple and scepter, before her, Cupid standing right, hand on her knee.
3 commentsKoffy
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.64 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
Vespasianus, Middle bronze64 viewsIMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII P P, laureate head right
Eagle facing, head right, on a globe, SC in field
9.16 gr
Cohen # 482
Potator II
Roman Empire, Domitian.64 viewsAR denarius. 92 AD. 3,18 grs. Laureate head right. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI / Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column,brandishing javelin and armed with shield. Owl at feet. IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P.
Old RIC 167a. New RIC 730. RSC 273.
2 commentsbenito
MACEDONIA, NEAPOLIS, 424-350 BC64 viewsHemidrachm, 15mm, 1.7g

O. Gorgon's hd. facing, with tongue protruding.
R. Young female hd. r., laur. NEOP

GCV1416, SNG ANS 455-6, AMNG III 81-9
YEAR-END REVIEW OF GREEK COLLECTION (OBVERSE)64 viewsClick on picture for bigger resolution.

Top row from left to right: MYSIA, PERGAMMON. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm. Circa 263-241 BC **ILLYRIA, DYRRHACHION. AR Stater. Circa 340-280 BC**IONIA, SMYRNA. AR “Stephanophoric” Tetradrachm. Circa 150-145 BC** PELOPONNESOS, SIKYON. AR Stater. Circa 335-330 BC**ATTICA, ATHENS. “New style” Tetradrachm. Circa 169 BC.

Sixth row: BACTRIA, Antialkidas. AR Drachm. Circa 145-135 BC**CAPPADOCIA. Ariobarzanes I AR Drachm. Circa 96-63 BC**THRACE, ABDERA. AR Tetrobol. Circa 360-350 BC**THRACE, CHERSONESSOS. AR Hemidrachm. Circa 386-338 BC.

Fifth row: IONIA, EPHESOS. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 405-390 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Mazaios AR Stater. Circa 361-334 BC **MACEDONIA. Kassander AR Tetradrachm. Circa 317-315 BC**AKARNANIA, LEUKAS. AR Stater. Circa 320-280 BC**PAMPHYLIA, ASPENDOS. AR Stater. Circa 330-300 BC.

Fourth row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos VI AR Drachm. Circa 144-143 BC**LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 340-330 BC**LUCANIA, VELIA. AR Stater. Circa 280 BC**PARTHIA. Mithradates II AR Drachm. Circa 121-91 BC.

Third row: AEOLIS, MYRINA. AR "Stephanophoric" Tetradrachm. Circa 150 BC**CARIA. Pixodaros AR Didrachm. Circa 341-335 BC**THRACE. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 297-281 BC**CILICIA, TARSOS. Pharnabazos AR Stater. Circa 380-374 BC**THRACE, MARONEIA. AR Tetradrachm. Mid 2nd cent. BC.

Second Row: LUCANIA, METAPONTION. AR Stater. Circa 510-480 BC** THESSALIAN LEAGUE. AR Stater. Circa 196-146 BC**CAMPANIA, NEAPOLIS. AR Nomos. Circa 275-250 BC**LYCIA, PRE-DYNASTIC. AR Stater. Circa 520-460 BC.

Bottom row: SELEUKID SYRIA. Antiochos Euergetes VII AR Tetradrachm. Circa 138-129 BC**MACEDON. Alexander III AR Tetradrachm. Circa 325-315 BC**CILICIA, AIGEAI. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 30 BC**PAIONIA. Patraos AR Tetradrachm. Circa 335-315 BC**PAMPHYLIA, SIDE. AR Tetradrachm. Circa 155-36 BC.
1 commentsJason T
Lucilla, Sestertius64 viewsRome mint, circa 164-166 AD
VENVS, Venus standing left, holding an apple and raising drapery from left shoulder, SC in field
24.42 gr
Ref : Cohen # 77, RCV # 5507
Potator II
019 Hieron II 16 litras.jpg
GREEK, SICILY, SYRACUSE, Hieron II, 16 litras64 viewsDatación: 274-216 aC
Valor: 16 litras
Catálogo: Sear Greek Coins 988. BMC 550. Burnett 41. SNG Cop 824. SNG ANS 876. SNGuk 0300 1013
Conservación: BC+/MBC+
Metal: AG
Peso: 11,72 gr.
Diámetro: 25,70 mm.
Anverso: Cabeza velada y diademada de la reina Philistis (esposa de Hieron II) a izquierda.
Reverso: Cuadriga a derecha conducida por Nike sosteniendo riendas. Encima leyenda greiega BASILISSAS con media luna debajo. Debajo de los caballos espiga y en el campo a derecha KIS. En exergo leyenda griega FILISTIDOS
2 commentsJuan B
ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus Sestertius64 viewsRIC III 1426 Rome
28.65 g, 30 mm x 33 mm
L AVREL VERVS AVG ARMENIA AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
TR POT V IMP II COS II, Verus standing, head left, holding spear, two standards at each side, SC in exergue.
2 commentsMark Z
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,64 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), G-287, D-379, Egypt, Alexandria, AR-Tetradrachm, LΓ, Isis bust right,
avers:- AYTOK-KAIΣ-ΣEBA-OYEΣΠAΣIANOY, laureate head of Vespasianus right.
revers:- LΓ, Isis bust right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,14g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 70-71 A.D., ref: Geissen-287, Dattari-379, Kapmann-Ganschow-20.29-p-69, RPC-2430, Milne- ,
Diadumenian, Denarius64 viewsRome mint, AD 217-218
M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding a flower and her dress
3,23 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Cohen # 21, RIC # 117
1 commentsPotator II
Titus RIC-124a64 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 80 AD
RIC 124a (C2), BMC 61, RSC 313a
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Seat, draped; above, triangular frame with five palmettes
Acquired from The Coin Cabinet, September 2009.

RIC 124 is divided in the book's plates into three varieties based on the arrangement of the palmettes or corn ears on the triangular frame. 124a is a bit scarcer than 124c.

Not a bad example of a very common type. A few scratches and some evidence of rough cleaning do not distract from the overall appearance.
David Atherton
Didius Julianus AR Denarius64 viewsRIC IVa 3, RSC 15, BMC 7
2.81 g, 17 mm x 18 mm
IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate draped & cuirassed right
RECTOR ORBIS, Didius standing left, holding globe & roll
2 commentsMark Z2
032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0164 views032 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers:- mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle ; border of dots.
revers:- + REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•C•, circle ; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: C/K//-- , diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszar-591, Pohl-126-01,
Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC I, Eagle with open wings,64 viewsMoesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, 041 Commodus (177-192 A.D.), HrHJ (2012), AE-17, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC I, Eagle with open wings,
avers:- AVT-Λ-KAI-KOMOΔOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NEIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-I, Eagle with open wings, standing frontal on thunderbolt, head left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,13g, axes: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HrHJ (2012), p-32, PB-1247, HM-895,
Saloninus, Middle bronze64 viewsRome mint, AD 258-260
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Saloninus standing left holding globe and spear. A captive at his feet. S - C in field Mintmark ? at exergue
7.1 gr
Ref : RCV # 10778 v, Cohen # 90, RIC # 34
Potator II
Thrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,64 viewsThrace, Hadriannopolis, 051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554, AE-26, AΔPIANO ΠOΛEITΟN, Homonia left,
avers:- AYT-K-M-AYP-CEV-ANTΩ-NEINOC, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- AΔPIANO-ΠOΛEITΩN, Homonia left, holding patera and cornucopia, altar in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27,5 mm, weight: 12,25g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Hadriannopolis, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov (Engl) 2-3554,
1 commentsquadrans
Probus, Antoninianus 64 viewsSiscia mint
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate ust of Probus left, wearing imperial mantle (bust type H)
SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga, XXIT at exergue
3.77 gr
Ref : Cohen #662, RCV # 12038 var, RIC 767

Superbe exemplaire avec patine dorée
2 commentsPotator II
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #164 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 018, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, P M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-018, p-, RSC-1,
1 commentsquadrans
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #164 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 004, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-CAES-M-ANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left with scepter and globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,55g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-004, p-, RSC-302,
1 commentsquadrans
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 127, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #164 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), Rome, RIC IV-III 127, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #1
avers:- M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO-CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:21,5-23,5mm, weight:g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date:246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, C-,
076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), Antioch, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,64 views076 Philippus-II. (247-249 A.D.), Antioch, RIC IV-III Not in!!!, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-VI-COS-PP, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!!
1 commentsquadrans
Trajan Denarius - Mars Advancing (RIC 331)64 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 116-117 AD

Obv: Laureate heroic bust of Trajan (R) with Aegis on shoulder

Rev: Mars advancing (R) holding spear and trophy over shoulder

RIC II 331 RSC 190a
Kained but Able
Crusader States, Normans of Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro, Spahr 117.64 viewsCrusader States, Sicily, William II, AD 1166-1189, AE Trifollaro (24-25 mm), 8,82 g.
Obv.: Facing head of lioness within circle of dots.
Re.: Palm tree with five branches and two bunches of dates, within circle of dots.
Biaggi 1231, Spahr 117 ; Grie 210 (Roger II); Thom 2480 .

William II of Sicily (1153-1189), called the Good, was king of Sicily and Naples from 1166 to 1189.
William was only thirteen years old at the death of his father William I, when he was placed under the regency of his mother, Margaret of Navarre.
Until the king came of age in 1171 the government was controlled first by the chancellor Stephen du Perche, cousin of Margaret (1166-1168), and then by Walter Ophamil, archbishop of Palermo, and Matthew of Ajello, the vice-chancellor.
William's character is very indistinct. Lacking in military enterprise, secluded and pleasure-loving, he seldom emerged from his palace life at Palermo. Yet his reign is marked by an ambitious foreign policy and a vigorous diplomacy. Champion of the papacy and in secret league with the Lombard cities he was able to defy the common enemy, Frederick I Barbarossa. In 1174 and 1175 he made treaties with Genoa and Venice and his marriage in February 1177 with Joan, daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, marks his high position in European politics.
In July 1177, he sent a delegation of Archbishop Romuald of Salerno and Count Roger of Andria to sign the Treaty of Venice with the emperor. To secure the peace, he sanctioned the marriage of his aunt Constance, daughter of Roger II, with Frederick's son Henry, afterwards the emperor Henry VI, causing a general oath to be taken to her as his successor in case of his death without heirs. This step, fatal to the Norman kingdom, was possibly taken that William might devote himself to foreign conquests.
Unable to revive the African dominion, William directed his attack on Egypt, from which Saladin threatened the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. In July 1174, 50,000 men were landed before Alexandria, but Saladin's arrival forced the Sicilians to re-embark in disorder. A better prospect opened in the confusion in Byzantine affairs which followed the death of Manuel Comnenus (1180), and William took up the old design and feud against Constantinople. Durazzo was captured (June 11, 1185). Afterwards while the army marched upon Thessalonica, the fleet sailed towards the same target capturing on their way the Ionian islands of Corfu, Cephalonia,Ithaca and Zakynthos. In August Thessalonica surrendered to the joint attack of the Sicilian fleet and army.
The troops then marched upon the capital, but the troop of the emperor Isaac Angelus overthrew the invaders on the banks of the Strymon (September 7, 1185). Thessalonica was at once abandoned and in 1189 William made peace with Isaac, abandoning all the conquests. He was now planning to induce the crusading armies of the West to pass through his territories, and seemed about to play a leading part in the Third Crusade. His admiral Margarito, a naval genius equal to George of Antioch, with 60 vessels kept the eastern Mediterranean open for the Franks, and forced the all-victorious Saladin to retire from before Tripoli in the spring of 1188.
In November 1189 William died, leaving no children. Though Orderic Vitalis records a (presumably short-lived) son in 1181: Bohemond, Duke of Apulia. His title of "the Good" is due perhaps less to his character than to the cessation of internal troubles in his reign. The "Voyage" of Ibn Jubair, a traveller in Sicily in 1183-1185, shows William surrounded by Muslim women and eunuchs, speaking and reading Arabic and living like "a Moslem king."

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

my ancient coin database
1 commentsArminius
Greece, 100 Drachmai 1992, KM # 159.64 viewsGreece,
100 Drachmes, brass (29 mm / 10.00 g), 1992,
Obv.: EΛΛHNIKH ΔHMOKPATIA / 1992 - BEPΓINA / 100 / ΔPAXMEΣ , the Vergina sun or star of Vergina.
Rev.: MEΓAΣ AΛEΞANΔPOΣ / BAΣIΛEYΣ MAKEΔONΩN , diademed head of Alexander The Great with horn of Ammon right.
KM # 159.

The Vergina Sun or Star of Vergina is a symbol of a stylised star with sixteen rays. It was found in archaeological excavations in Vergina, in northern Greece, where it was discovered on a golden larnax found in 1977 in the tombs of the kings of the ancient kingdom of Macedon.
The significance of the Vergina Sun is unclear. Archaeologists do not agree whether the sun was a symbol of Macedon, an emblem of Philip's Argead dynasty, a religious symbol, or simply a decorative design.

my ancient coin database
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),64 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, Emmet 3986, Alexandria, Eirene/Pax, L-Δ left at foot (year 4),
avers: A-K-M-AVP-ΠPOBOC-CEB, Laureated, curiassed bust right.
revers: Eirene/Pax standing left holding olive branch and sceptre, L-Δ left at foot.
exerg: LΔ/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 6,06g, axes: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: 278-279 A.D., LΔ Year 4., ref: Emmet-3986, Milne 4551, Geissen-3139, Dattari-5530, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.19-p-339,
CAMPGATE, Constantine II, Cyzicus64 viewsAttribution: RIC 63 (RIC VII)

Mint: Cyzicus, SMKΓ

Date: 329-330 AD

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Bust left

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Camp gate with two turrets, no doors, star above

Size: 19.66mm

Weight: 3.3 grams
110 Domitian64 viewsDomitian A.D. 81-96
AR Denarius

Domitian Denarius. 92 AD.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI, laureate head right,

IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, holding spear.

RSC 271 RIC 733 ex W. Phillips

Jan - Sept 92
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Male head right (laureate)64 viewsCILICIA. Irenopolis. Caracalla. Ć 21 (1 1/2 Assaria). A.D. 216/217 (year 165). Obv: AVTOKPATΩ-ANTΩNEINOC. Laureate bust right, countermark before face. Rev: EIPH-NO(ΠO)ΛI(TW)N▪EΞP. Bearded head of Herakles right, club before. Ref: BMC 10 var.; Sear 2628 var. Axis: 180°. Weight: 6.78 g. Note: Nineteen pieces of this size depicting Caracalla noted by Ziegler (1993). CM: Laureate male head right, in circular punch, 5 mm. Howgego 105 (26 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
German states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A.64 viewsGerman states. Prussia. Friederich II 1740 - 1786. .3680 silver 1/24 Thaler 1783-A. Crowned R divides date / 24 EINEN THALER A above sprigs.

KM 15
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Portsmouth, Hampshire.64 viewsObverse: IOHN HOWARD F.R.S. PHILANTHROPIST •. Bust of John Howard facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 57b

The dies for this token were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
The Fitzwilliam Museum regards Liverpool as an alternative possibility for the place of issue.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

John Howard was born in Lower Clapton, London the son of a wealthy upholsterer. After the death of his father in 1742, he received a sizeable inheritance. Since he was wealthy and had no true vocation, in 1748 Howard left England and began to travel. However, while in Hanover he was captured by French privateers and imprisoned. It was this experience that made him consider the conditions in which prisoners were held.
In 1758 Howard returned to England and settled in Cardington, Bedfordshire. As a landowner he was philanthropic and enlightened, ensuring that his estate housing was of good standard and that the poor houses under his management were well run.
In 1773 he became High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. On his appointment he began a tour of English prisons which led to two Acts of Parliament in 1774, making gaolers salaried officers and setting standards of cleanliness.
In April 1777, Howard's sister died leaving him Ł15,000 and her house. He used this inheritance and the revenue from the sale of her house to further his work on prisons. In 1778 he was examined by the House of Commons, who were this time inquiring into prison ships, or “hulks”. Two days after giving evidence, he was again travelling Europe, beginning in the Dutch Republic.
His final journey took him into Eastern Europe and Russia. Whilst at Kherson, in what is now Ukraine, Howard contracted typhus on a prison visit and died. He was buried on the shores of the Black Sea in a walled field at Dophinovka (Stepanovka), Ukraine. Despite requesting a quiet funeral without pomp and ceremony, the event was elaborate and attended by the Prince of Moldovia.
Howard became the first civilian to be honoured with a statue in St Paul's Cathedral, London. A statue was also erected in Bedford, and another one in Kherson. John Howard's bust can still be seen as a feature in the architecture of a number of Victorian prisons across the UK.
German States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797.64 viewsGerman States. South Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm. Copper Grossus 1797. FRIDERICHVS WILHELM.BORUSS REX 1797, bust right / GROSSUS BORUS MERIDIUNA, crowned arms flanked by branches.

KM 2.1
German States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer.64 viewsGerman States. BAvaria. Maximillian IV, Joseph as elector 1799 - 1805. .3330 silver 6-Kreuzer. MAX.IOS.H.L.B.C.&, head right / crowned arms divides value and date.

KM 310 var.
190- Marcus Aurelius Dupondius.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Dupondius64 viewsAE Dupondius , 171-172 AD
Obverse: M ANTONINVS AVG TRP XXVI, Radiate head right.
Reverse: IMP VI COS III / SC, Victory half draped , standing right placing shield inscribed ,VIC/GER on palm trunk.
RIC 1031, Cohen 273
24mm , 8.1 gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
1954 2.jpg
Sear 1954 264 viewsOrthodoxcoins
1968 1.jpg
Sear 1968 164 viewsOrthodoxcoins
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), France, First Republic, Copper 12 Deniers LAN II, 179364 viewsFrance. First Republic. Copper 12 Deniers LAN II 1793. REPUBLIQUE FRANCOISE LAN II / LIBERTE EGALITE, scales and laurel wreath

AA mintmark
KM 122a.1
1 commentsoneill6217
Roman Empire, Gordian III AR Antoninianus.64 views Rome, AD 241-243. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate draped bust right / IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing right with sceptre and thunderbolt. RIC 84,RSC 109.Ruslan K
238- Constantius Gallus, Victory.JPG
Constantius Gallus, Victory64 viewsAE3, 351-354 AD, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, Draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Victory Facing holding a wreath in each hand
?SIS in exergue
RIC 314
19mm , 2.1gm.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
24 Caracalla, Stobi 3.JPG
Caracalla, Macedonia, Stobi #364 viewsAE 24, 198-217 AD
Obv:MAVREL ANTONIN, Laureate head right.
Rev: MVNICI STOBE, Nike standing right holding trophy.
24mm, 6.5gm
Moushmov, 6554
1 commentsjdholds
257a Licinius I.jpg
Licinius I, RIC VII 67, Aquileia64 viewsObv: IMP LICINIVS AVG
Bust: Laureate head right
Rev: DOMINI (dot) N (dot) LICINI AVG
VOT XX in 2 lines within laurel wreath
Exe: AQS
Mint: Aquiliea
Date: 320-321 AD
Denom: Follis
Rated "R1"
31- Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum-2.JPG
Diadumenian , Nikopolis ad Istrum- 264 viewsAE27, 217-218 AD
Obv: KMORELLOC DIADOVMENIANOC, Bare, draped bust right.
Rev: CTA LONGINOU NIKOPOLITWN PRO CI, Nike standing , wings spread , leaning on column, holding palm and wreath.
27mm, 13.5gm
3 commentsjdholds
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius64 viewsSilver denarius,3.38g, 19-22mm, Jan. - April 85 A.D., Carradice 85.1, RIC 56, BMC 72, RSC 362; Ex CNG
S. 0352 Chien Yuan Chung Pao Large cash circa 756-62 A.D.64 viewsSchjoth 352 Chien Yuan Chung Pao Large cash circa 756-62 A.D. Grades crusty Fine+

Size: 30 mm Weight: 9.15 grams
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus, Antoninianus64 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG. Radiate bust right.
Rev: MONETA AVG. Moneta standing facing left holding scales and cornucopiae.
54- Constantine INVICTO DN.JPG
54-Constantine SOL INVICTO COM DN64 viewsAE3, 307-337, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SOL INVICTO COM DN, Sol standing left holding Victory on globe. Star left , crescent right.
RP in exergue
18mm , 3.4gm.
RIC 49
1 commentsjdholds
Hadrian - Britannia64 viewsHadrian As
c. 119-121

Britannia seated facing foot on rock resting head on right hand and holding sceptre, to right, large shield.

RIC 577(b), R2 rarity

EX Robert O Ebert Collection, EX Hausman Collection, EX Stack's, Coin Galleries, 2/21/1990, lot 335.
Philip I (244 - 249 A.D.)64 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
R: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left.
RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87 SRCV III 8937

Very Heavy!
5 commentsMat
Bithynia, Nicaea, Gordian III64 viewsObv.: M ANT GOPDIANOC AVG; draped and radiate bust right
Rev.: N /I /K /A /I /EWN; four military standards, two capricorns above
4.2 gm; 16 mm.

Zwicker Z1073; cf Rec Gen 711; Mionnet S. 870.
2 commentsSkySoldier
agrippa cmk as.jpg
37-41 AD - AGRIPPA memorial AE dupondius - struck under Caligula (by RIC)64 viewsobv: M AGRIPPA LF COS III (head left wearing rostral crown)(with Vespasian countermark)
rev: - / S.C. (Neptune holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left)
ref: RIC58(Gaius), BMC(Tib)161
10.51gms, 28mm
Rare with this cmk

The capricorn originally a sign related to Augustus, it became a symbol of Vespasian' reign also. This countermark often attributed to Vespasian during the civil war, mostly found on eastern provincial coins. A similiar countermark exists on regular roman coinage from Claudius, likely applied in the balkan region. The emblem beneath could be variously interpreted as a plough or a globe with ships rudder, or maybe instrument. This Agrippa coin with Vespasian cmk was found in the balkan region, too. Top of the picture is the original counterstamp-mint.
Sicily. Akragas. Ca. 338-287 B.C.64 viewsĆ 18 mm. Laureate head of Zeus left. Rv. Eagle standing left, clutching hare which it is about to devour; above tail feathers, Δ. ancientone
Alexander III 64 viewsMacedonian AE18 - Price 2102Ghengis_Jon
Egypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,64 viewsEgypt, Alexandria, 104 Claudius-II. Gothicus (268-270 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-, D-5411, Tyche seated left, LA above,
avers:- AVT-K-KΛAVΔIOC-CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LA, Tyche reclining left on draped and garlanded couch, holding rudder in right hand.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 9,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 268-269 A.D., Year 1. LA., ref: Geissen-, Dattari-5411, Kapmann-Ganschow-104.14-p-328,
amisos64 viewsAmisos - Ares and sword in sheath AE 22 Amisos 2nd - 1st Century BC. Amisos is a Greek city on the Black Sea coast founded in 6th century BC. , 8.53 g. Obv.: Head of young Ares wearing helmet. Rev.: Sword in sheath Legend in Greek. Ref.: D. Sear Greek coins and their values, Vol. II, p. 340, 3643dpaul7
021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-186, AR-Obulus, #0364 views021 Andras II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), U-186, AR-Obulus, #03
avers: Crowned head facing, in pointed arch between two towers, border of dots.
revers: Cross with stars in the angles, border of dots.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,1 mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-186, CHN-1-220, Huszar-260,
Antinous64 viewsBust of Antinous, as a Pharoah. In the Louvre Museum, Paris. Photo taken by me in May 2014.
His appearance is more like Hadrian's.
Antioch S & P Mint Marcus Aurelius Bronze Coin64 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161 - 180 AD., Antioch S & P Mint , Bronze 22 mm 6.9 gram coin
Obverse: Bust Right
Reverse: SC in wreath _1250 sold

Antonivs Protti
Antoninus Pius, RIC 819, As of AD 145-147 (fourth donative)64 viewsĆ As (12.2g, Ř28mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 145-147.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS IIII, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: LI BERA LIT AS IIII (around), S C (in ex.) Emperor seated in a chair on platform; before is standing Libertas holding an abacus ("counting board") and cornucopiae; below in front of the platform is standing a citizen holding is toga.
RIC 819(*); Cohen 500(*); BMC 1750; Strack 991
* both Cohen as well as RIC ommit COS IIII from the obverse legend for this type. BMC and Strack have the complete obverse legend.
ex D. Ruskin (Oxford, 1996)

Issued on the occasion of the marriage of Marcus Aurelius with Faustina Jr. celebrated with a fourth donative
Charles S
Antoninus Pius AR Denarius64 viewsObv: CAES AEL ANTONINVS AVG - Bare head right.
Rev: PONT MAX TR POT COS - Diana standing right, holding arrow and bow.
Cat #: RIC 1b
Notes: Scarce, with only two examples in Reka Devnia hoard.
ROMAN EMPIRE, Antoninus Pius AR denarius, Victoria reverse64 viewsOptimus
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XII 64 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

This was Caesar's 12th legion, raised in 58 BC for the campaign against the Helvetii. It served throughout the wars in Gaul (58 to 49), Italy (49), and at Pharsalus (48). It was disbanded 46-45 BC and the colonists were settled at Parma. The legion was reformed in 44-43 BC most likely by Lepidus. The legion was then passed to Antony in 41-31 BC and was present at Actium. It appears on Antony's coinage as LEG XII ANTIQVAE. Colonists were settled at Patrai, Greece alongside men of Legio X Equestris, perhaps by Antony, more likely by Octavian soon after Actium.

The legion's whereabouts during most of Augustus' reign is unclear. The 12th was very possibly the unnamed third legion (with III Cyrenaica and XXII Deiotariana) stationed in Egypt. That unnamed legion disappears from Egypt at just about the same time that Legio XII Fulminata is first found in Syria. By early in the reign of Tiberius, the 12th legion was based at Raphanae.
Titus Pullo
Antoninus Pius, RIC 581, Sestertius of AD 139 (Aurum Coronarium: Dacia) 64 viewsĆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ř33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: DACIA (around) COS II (in ex.) S C (in field), Dacia, standing left, holding diadem and dragon standard (signum).
RIC 581 (R2); BMC 1187; Cohen 347; Strack 785; Banti 135 var. (holding crown instead of diadem; 1 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4170
ex G.Henzen (1995)

Part of a series celebrating Antoninus' remission of half of the special tax (aurum coronarium) normally levied on the provinces at the time of the accession of an emperor.
Charles S
Antoninus Caesar, RIC (Hadrian) 1093, sestertius of AD 138 (Pietas)64 viewsĆ Sestertius (29.2g, Ř 30mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck under Hadrian between 25 February and 10 July 138 AD.
Obv.: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, bare head of Antoninus facing right.
Rev.: TRIB POT COS DES II (around) PIETAS (in ex.) S C (in field), Pietas standing left holding right hand above lighted altar and perfume box in left hand.
RIC (Hadrian) 1093 (scarce); Cohen 612; BMCRE III (Hadrian) 1950; Strack (Hadrian) 907 (4 collections); Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-3) 279 (2 spec.); Sear (Roman Coins and their Values II) 4203 var.
ex G.Henzen (Netherlands, 2010)

Numismatic note: Rare. Strack found this type in 4 collections (of the 30 studied): Berlin, B.M., Paris, and Naples.

Historical note: This was the first issue of Pius in 138, issued under Hadrian between February 25th and July 10th. Pietas is invoked to celebrate the adoption of Antoninus by his newly adoptive father Hadrian.
Charles S
Alexander III - Philip III64 viewsKings of Macedon. Alexander III - Philip III
AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 17.13g)
Circa 324/3-320 BC
Arados mint. Struck under Menes or Laomedon.

O: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin

R: AΛEΞANΔPOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram below throne

Price 3309; Duyrat group IV, series 1.
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti 1.jpg
Arcadius- Virtus Exerciti64 viewsArcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right


DN: Dominus Noster, our lord
ARCADIVS: Arcadius
PF: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

VIRTVS EXERCITI, Victory of the army. Referring to the courage of the army

VIRTVS: Victory

Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and shield, Victory right crowns him

Domination: Bronze AE 3, size 15 mm.

Mint: ANTΓ, Antioch,Γ Officina Gamma (Gamma, 3. rd), struck 395-401 A.D. RIC X 70

This type was struck AD 395-401 for Arcadius and Honorius in Heraclea, Constantinopolis, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia and Alexandria.
John Schou
ARLES *//SCONST64 viewsRIC VII - (see 351), LRBC - (see 355).
An unlisted mark, a later variant to the listed mark SCONST*. This mark is presumably later than that one, the star having been moved to the field for reasons of space. This issue is less common that the SCONST* mark but cannot be said to be very rare.
1 commentsadrianus
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)64 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
AS NERON RIC 312.jpg
14-02 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)64 viewsAE AS 27 x 25 mm 8.9 gr.

Anv: "NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "S C" - Victoria volando a izquierda, portando un escudo ovalado con las letras "SP/QR" inscriptas en el.

Acuńada 65 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #312 Pag.169 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1976 Pag.391 - BMCRE #241 - Cohen Vol.1 #288 Pag.298 - DVM #32a Pag.87 - CBN #399 - Mac Dowall WCN #285/90
Roman Empire, Philip II, AE As, Rome mint, struck 244-247 AD64 viewsM IVL PHILIPPVS CAES bare-headed draped bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENT, S-C Philip II. standing left
RIC 256b; Cohen 50
Roman Empire, Caracalla, AE As, Rome mint, struck 215 AD64 viewsANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
PM TRP XVIII COS IIII PP, S-C Aesculapius standing left
RIC 553a; Cohen 304
1 commentsdupondius
Pamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater64 viewsPamphylia, Aspendos 385-370b.c. Ar Stater
Two naked athletes, wrestling, grasping each other by the arms. Reverse. Slinger advancing right, wearing short chiton about to discharge his sling, triskales before and Pamphylian script ESTFEDIIUS behind, all in dotted square.

Struck with a rusty obverse die but still shows nice detail and toning.

Ex Baldwins
2 commentsPhiloromaos
64 viewsAthalaricus Rex
AD 526-534
Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)64 viewsAR Denarius, Lugdunum mint, c. 12 BC, 18.3mm, 3.56g, RIC I 174, RSC I 147
Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head r.
Rev: IMP•XI, Capricorn right, holding cross-hatched globe
Ex- Spink, ex- Gans Collection, ex- Forum Ancient Coins
2 commentsRemus22
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus, denarius bull64 viewsAugustus Denarius. Lugdunum mint, struck 15-13 BC.
Observe: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, bare head right
Reverse: IMP X, bull butting right.
References: RIC 167a; RSC 137.
Diameter 19 mm / weight 3.9 grams
Marcelo Leal's collection
5 commentsAugustus1975
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #164 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #1
avers:- AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS-AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet to left, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress. (Sol 2c)
exerg: -/-/S, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axes: 7h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-5, ph-1, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1509 (Estiot), RIC V-I 135,
Bahamas64 viewsKm2 - 1 cent - 1966
Km59 - 1 cent - 1974
Km61 - 10 Cents - 1987
Km6 - 25 Cents - 1966
Km63 - 25 Cents - 1985
Daniel Friedman
Barbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #0564 viewsBarbarous Imitation, AE-3, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP type, #05
avers:- Confusing text, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- Confusing text, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exerg: -/-// I S, diameter: 15-17mm, weight:2,27g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: , ref: ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #0164 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-050, #01
avers:- Three columns, above them two crescents, E-E to the sides.
revers:- Lines and crescents instead of an inscription, cross with four wedges.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,21 g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-050, CHN-1-056, Huszar-054,
Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
BHM 0654. King George III enters the Fiftieth Year of his Reign, 180964 viewsObv. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of George III right, lion's head on shoulder GEORGIVS III D G BRITANNIARUM REX FID D Below NAT IV IUN MDCCXXVIII
Rev. Emblems of the arts and government around a crowned pedestal on which 25TH OCTR 1809,
around ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO REGNI (The fiftieth year of his reign).

WM45. BHM 654. Engraved by J Westwood.
GREEK, Barbarous (Thracian) Alexander III, AR Drachm64 viewsDrachm, 3.5 gm, 16.8 mm.
Obv: Stylized head of Alexander the Great capped with lion skin.
Rev: Imitative rendering of seated Zeus holding eagle and sceptre. No visible inscription.
Pink 577-578
1 commentsMassanutten
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maxentius, Follis64 viewsReduced follis 5.3 gm 23.8 mm
Obv: IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG Laureate head, right
Rev: CONSERV VRB SVAE Roma seated, facing, head left, in hexastyle temple holding globe and sceptre, shield at side. Two Victories as acroteria with wreath in pediment.
Minted 308/10 at Rome. mm: RBQ RIC VI, 210
Bronze engraved bracelet64 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.




Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4
Buckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross64 viewsBuckle #030 AE-Late-Byzantion Buckle with cross
type: AE Buckle,
size: 32x19mm,
weight: 5,98g,
date:V-VII centuries A.D.,
ref: Florin Curta "Still waiting for barbarians ?" page:432,.
distribution: Byzantion,
BYZ D 1.jpg
Justinian I64 viewsAE follis. Justinian the Great , Carthage Mint, D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG Facing, cuirassed bust, cross to right, holding globe with cross. / Large M, ANNO XIIII at sides, + above, S below, CAR in exergue.
Sear 261

1 commentsTanit
MASSIVE 29-30mm Uncleaned Byzantine Coin - EF++64 viewsEXCEPTIONAL BYZANTINE FOLLIS 29-30mm
Justinian I AE Follis. Constantinople mint. D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust r. / Large M between star and cross; above, cross; beneath, officina letter "A" CON in ex.

Antonio Protti
Caracalla denarius64 viewsJupiter reverse1 commentsmarandnumiz
Caracalla, RIC IV, 311(c) var.64 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
AR - Antoninianus, 5.33g, 24.04mm, 315°
Rome, 2.half AD 215
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
Venus, in long garment, r. breast bare, stg. facing, head l., holding Victoriola in
outstretched r. hand and transverse scepter in l. hand; leaning with l. ellbow on
oval shield set on helmet.
RIC IV/1, 311(c) var. (holds spear, not sceptre); C.608; BMC 78 (Dorchester Hoard 1937)
Scarce, EF

This is one of the earliest Antoniniani! There was a previous one with the legend VENERI VICTRICI which soon was changed to the nominative form (Curtis Clay).
1 commentsJochen
Caracalla - UNIFACE PLASTER CAST64 viewsObv:- M AVREL ANTONINVS CAES, Draped, bare headed bust right

051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0364 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #03
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0464 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #04
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,02g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla, AE 27 Tetrassaria64 viewsIM C M AVRE ANTONINVS
Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, right, seen from behind
Hades carrying away Persephone in galloping quadriga, right
Cohen IV 725, Gaebler AMNG 12, NBRM 36
Josifovski 291, same dies (V13, R14)
Kuzmanovic Collection 1040
1 commentswhitetd49
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #164 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 206F, Siscia, B//XXI, VIRTVS AVG G, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-NOB-C, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F).
revers:- VIRT-VS-A-VG-G, Carinus standing left receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter (or Carus). B in lower centre, XXI in ex.
exerg: B//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-206F, p-164,
Castulo, Spain, AE As - 2nd century BC64 viewsVirile head right, a hand before
Sphinx walking right. Iberian for KASTILO at exergue
15.9 gr
Ref : Sear GIC #15, Catalogue 38 and 39 CNH (CORPVS NVMMUM HISPANIAE, L. Villaronga)

looks like a can opener, which it is NOT
3 commentsPotator II
Celtic AR-fouree-Drachm, 64 viewsCeltic AR-fouree-Drachm,
avers:- Laur-Zeus-head-right,
revers:- Horse trotting left, circle above, curved rectangle below,
diameter: 14mm
weight: 2,14g
date: Second-first century BC.
ref: Göbl-xx, Göbl-OTA-xx, Kostial-xx,
Merinid Dobla64 viewsAbu-Yahya Abu Bakr (642-656 H / 1244-1258) - Dinar - no mint - no date - 4.60 g

Obverse Central square
al-wahid allah / muhammad rasul allah / wa’l-qur‘an kalam allah / fas
“the one is God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, and the Qur‘an is the word of God”

Marginal segments
at 12:00 bism allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 salla allah ‘ala sayyidna muhammad, at 6:00 wa ilahukum ilah wahid, at 3:00 la illa allahu al-rahman al-rahim
“in the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate, may God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, your God is a single God, no god except Him the Merciful the Compassionate”

Reverse Central square

al-shukr lillah / wa’l-minna lilla / wa’l-hawl wa’l-quwwa billah
“thanks be to God, grace be to God, and power and strength be to God”

At 12:00: huwwa al-awwal wa’l-akhir, at 9:00: wa’l-zahir wa’l-batin, at 6:00: wa huwwa bi-kull, at 3:00: shay’ alim
“He is the First and the Last, the Most High and the Most Near, and He has full knowledge of all things”
Sura 57 (al-Hadid), verse 3

For these interesting notes thanks to

1 commentsCaffaro
Indo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat64 viewsIndo-Sasanian, Chaulukyas of Gujarat, undetermined ruler. Billon Drachm or Gadhaiya Paisa. Struck c. AD 1030-1120 Obverse Highly stylized head of Sasanian king Peroz. Reverse Stylized fire altar. Weight 4.12gm Diameter 16mm Reference Deyell 158; Göbl Hummen Em. 294. Grade Good Very Fine, lightly toned. Late imitation of the coinage of Peroz which was carried into Northern India
by invading Huns more half a millenium earlier.
Chile64 viewsKm218.1 - 10 Pesos - 1986 - (1981-1987)
Km228.2 - 10 pesos - 1995 - (1990-2008)
Km219.1 - 50 pesos - 1981 - (1981-1987)
Km226.2 - 100 Pesos - 1989 - (1988-1999)
Km236 - 100 Pesos - 2006 - (2001-2008)
Km235 - 500 Pesos - 2003 - (2000-2003)
Km197 - 1 Escudo - 1971 - (1971-1972)
Daniel F
Tao Kuang (1821 - 1850)64 viewsYunnan ProvinceDaniel F
Pisidia, Antioch, Hermes/ rooster, AE1364 viewsBronze AE 13, SNG Paris 1069 var (rev legend) and cf. 1067 (obverse bust left, same reverse die) , SNG Cop 16 var (rev legend), BMC 1 var (same), choice gVF, 1.762g, 13.0mm, 180o, Antioch mint, obverse A-NTIOC, draped bust of Hermes right, caduceus across shoulder; reverse CO-LONI-A I, rooster standing half-right

Valerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm64 viewsValerian I. Year 5 (257/8 AD), Potin Tetradrachm,
laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / L - E,
eagle standing left, head right with wreath in beak
Coin #71
Julia Mamaea- Deultum, Thrace64 viewsO: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG
Draped bust right
Artemis advancing right, pulling a arrow from quiver and holding bow,
leaping hound at feet
Deultum, Thrace
Jurukova 148
10.82g, 24mm
German, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 64 viewsGerman, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +ADOLPES ARC HEPC, Mitred Archbishop entrhoned, facing slightly left, with book and crozier. (Ball over the book ???)
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Broad church building with 6 arcades and gate; on it a tower with cupola between 2 cross-topped flags.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,42g, axis:0h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 588,,
10 - 06 - Virreynato CARLOS III (1759-1788) 64 viewsPieza columnaria o de "Mundos y Mares"

1 Real de Plata ley 917
21 mm

Anv: CAR·III·D·G·HISP·ET·IND·R (Carlos III por la gracia de Dios rey de las Espańas y las Indias) alrededor de un escudo coronado de castillos y leones y escusón de los Borbones, entre R y valor I.
Rev: VTRAQUE VNUM ·PTS monograma POTOSI (ceca) ·1770·JR· (JR = ensayador ) (uno y otro son uno, refiriéndose a la unión de los 2 mundos el conocido y el nuevo, América) alrededor de 2 bolas coronadas que representan al nuevo y viejo mundo entre 2 columnas con las leyendas PLVS VLTRA

Acuńada: 1770
Ensayador: JR - José de Vargas y Flores y Raimundo de Iturriaga
Ceca: Potosí - Hoy ubicada en Bolivia

Referencias: Krause SCWC C#10 Pag.180 - #B-290-4
Constans - FTR1.jpg
Constans - Constantinople64 viewsAE2/3 Centenionalis, 4.17 g, 21 mm, 12 h, 348-351 AD

Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust left, holding globe with right hand

Helmeted soldier, head left, spear in left hand, advancing right; with right hand, leading small bare-headed figure from hut beneath tree. Spear points downwards between soldier's legs.

Exergue: CONSIH*

Constantinople mint

1 commentsdrjbca
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC 55~0.jpg
Constantine I PROVIDENTIAE AVGG RIC VII Cyzicus 5564 viewsAE3, 19mm, 3.67g.

Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette-diademed head R.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, gate, 2 turrets, 7 rows, star above.

Exe: SMK delta (Cyzicus, Officina 4).

RIC VII 55, 328-9, R3.

Constantine The Great Romulus and Remus.jpg
Constantine The Great- Romulus and Remus64 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle
VRBS ROMA: VRBS City, ROMA Rome, City of Rome
City of Rome Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.

Romulus and Remus suckling from wolf, two stars above

Domination: Bronze AE 3, 17 mm

Mint: exergue is • Γ SIS• Sisicia 3.rd Officina (Γ Gamma). RIC VII Siscia 222, C3, very common.

Coin rated: Very Fine
1 commentsJohn Schou
Constantine I RIC VII, Rome 28764 viewsConstantine I, the Great, AD 307-337
AE - AE 3 (Follis), 2.7g, 21mm
Rome, 2nd officina, AD 326
Bust, laureate, r.
Campgate with six layers, two turrets, no doors, star above
ex. R wreath S
RIC VII, Rome 287
good VF, wonderful sand-patina

Found near Petra/Jordan
Constantine II RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.64 viewsConstantine II AD 337-340, son of Constantine I
AE - Follis, 2.34g, 18mm
Heraclea 3rd officina AD 330-333
Bust, cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing looking at one another, holding inversed spear in
outer hand and resting inner hand on shield set on ground; between them
two standards
exergue: SMH Gamma
RIC VII, Heraclea 112 corr.; C.122; Voetter 19
R4; good EF
added to

RIC has listed a wrong bust for this type, B4 instead B5 (Curtis Clay)
1 commentsJochen
Constantinus I. follis64 viewsGLORIA EXERCITVS
Antiochia mint
2 commentsTibsi
Constantius Gallus RIC Alexandria 79 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius Gallus, RIC Alexandria 7964 viewsConstantius Galllus
AE Centenionalis
Alexandria Mint. 351-354 A.D.
Obv: D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES - Bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO - Helmeted soldier to left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman wearing pointed cap. (dot)S(dot) in left field.
Exergue: ALEB
3 commentsseraphic
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.64 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II64 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 350 - 355 AD
AE 25 mm 5.05 g
O: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, diad dr cuir bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman who turns face soldier and extends l. arm; Gamma in left field.
ANAI in exe.
Antiochia ANA I = Antiochia 10th officina
2 commentslaney
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
two soldiers holding spears & shields with two standards
between them.
CONSS dot in ex.
19mm 2.6 gm
CRISPUS consular bust64 viewsIVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated consular bust right , wearing trabea
. PTR crescent
Treveri mint
RIC.VII, 399 r3
1 commentsgb29400
CRISPUS small bust Iovi Conservatori Caess64 viewsDN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureated , draped bust left with globe, sceptre in left hand and mappa in right hand
Cyzicus mint
RIC. VII, 10 r3
1ef Crispus64 viewsCaesar 317-326

AE3, Thessalonica

Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust, right, D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm, VICTORIA CAESS NN. Mintmark dot TS dot epsilon dot.

Zosimus recorded Crispus' elevation to Caesar: "Constantine, having taken Cibalis, and Sirmium, and all the towns that Licinius had abandoned, sent five thousand men in pursuit of him. But as these were ignorant of the course he had taken, they could not overtake him. Constantine however, having rebuilt the bridge over the Saus, which Licinius had broken down, was with his army almost at his heels. Having entered Thrace, he arrived at the plain where Licinius lay encamped. On the night of his arrival there he marshalled his army, and gave orders for his soldiers to be ready for battle by day-break. As soon as it was light, Licinius, perceiving Constantine with his army, drew up his forces also, having been joined by Valens, whom he styled Caesar, after the battle of Cibalis. When the armies engaged, they first fought with bows at a distance ; but when their arrows were spent, they began to use their javelins, and poignards. Thus the battle continued very obstinately for a considerable time, until those whom Constantine had sent in pursuit of Licinius descended from an eminence upon the armies while they were engaged. These wheeled round the hill |46 before they arrived at them, deeming it best to join their own party from the higher ground, and to encompass the enemy. The troops of Licinius, being aware of them, courageously withstood against them all, so that many thousands were slain on both sides, and the advantage was equal, till the signal was given for both to retire. Next day they agreed on a truce, and entered into an alliance with each other, on condition that Constantine should possess Illyricum and all the nations westward, and that Licinius should have Thrace and the east; but that Valens, whom Licinius had made Caesar, should be put to death, because be was said to be the author of all the mischief which had happened. Having done this, and sworn on both sides to observe the conditions, Constantine conferred the rank and title of Caesar on Crispus, his son by a concubine called Minervina, who was as yet but a youth, and on Constantine, who was born but a few days before at Arelatum. At the same time Licinianus, the son of Licinius, who was twenty months of age, was declared Caesar, Thus ended the second war."

According to Zonaras, "By a concubine he also had another son, called Crispus, older than his other sons, who distinguished himself often in the war against Licinius. His stepmother Fausta, being erotically obsessed with him, since she did not find him compliant, denounced him to his father as being in love with her and as having often attempted to use force against her. Hence, Crispus was condemned to death by his father, who had been persuaded by his spouse."

Constantine had his son strangled to death in Pula.

RIC 62
Crispus64 viewsCrispus - Ticinum Mint - Officina 3 - AE Follis - RIC VII 170

O: CRISPVS-NOB CAES, laureate, cuirassed bust right

R: DOMINOR dot NOSTROR dot CAESS around VOT dot X crescent in three lines within wreath, TT in exergue

3.5g, 19.2mm, 45 degree die axis, 320-321AD
2 commentsBiancasDad
Gaston d'Orleans (1627-1650), Denier Tournois type 7 - 164964 viewsAtelier de Trevoux
GAST . PATR . R . VSFR . PR . DOM . A, Buste drapé a droite, dans un cercle
+ DENIER . TOVRNOIS . 1649, Trois lis sous un lambel, dans un cercle
1.77 gr
Ref : Divo Dombes # 210v, CGKL # 756, Boudeau # 1088
1 commentsPotator II
Azes II - AR tetradrachm - Indo-Scythian Kingdom, c.60BC - c.AD5 64 viewsObverse:
King on horseback riding right, holding whip - 'BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MAΓAΛOΥ AZOΥ'

Zeus/Poseidon standing right, trident in left over shoulder, right extended, monogram left, Kharosthi letter "SI"
- 'Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa' (in Kharosthi)

Ref: Mitchiner vol. 6, p. 541, type 828; Smithsonian 237; BMC 100
1 commentsXerxes King of Kings
Domitian RIC 5864 viewsAR Denarius, 3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
RIC 58 (C), BMC 11, RSC 560
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Minerva adv r., with spear and shield (M1)
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, March 2016. Ex Jyrki Muona Collection.

Domitian's devotion to his patron deity Minerva can be detected quite early in his reign on the coinage. This reverse design struck in late 81 would later become one of the standard four Minerva types he would repeat over and over again on the denarius.

In fine early veristic style and beautifully toned with rainbow highlights.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Schjöth 1512, Hartill (QC) 5.190 Type A2, Hartill (CCC) 22.575, KM C 1-364 viewsDaoguang (1821-1850)

1 cash (cast brass), 1821-1823 [?], Board of Revenue mint (in Beijing), south branch, 24 mm.

Obv: Daoguang tongbao.

Rev: Boo chiowan.

Type A is comprised of coins which have a large Guang, with the bottom left-hand stroke at an angle of about 45° to the horizontal. Type A2 is comprised of coins in which the radical of tong is written as a continuous horizontal stroke at the bottom. The coins issued by the south branch of the mint have a square head, two dot tong.

Hartill (QC) rarity 11
Delmatius RIC VII, Siscia 25664 viewsDelmatius Caesar AD 335-337, nephew of Constantine I, brother of Hannibalianus
AE - AE 4, 1.56g, 17mm
Siscia 2nd officina AD 335/6
bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
Two soldiers standing facing each another, holding spear in outer hand and
rest inner hand on shield; between them a standard
exergue: BSIS
RIC VII, Siscia 256; LRBC 758
R1; VF/xEF, nice reverse
3 commentsJochen
Denmark64 viewskm839.2 - 1 Ore (zinc) - 1967
Km840.2 - 2 Ore (zinc) - 1971
km849.1 - 10 Ore - 1963
Km815.2 - 25 Ore - 1919
Km851.1 - 1 Krone - 1971
Daniel Friedman
64 viewsDenarius - Denarius - 58 BC.
Obv.:M. SCAVR AED CVR - EX S C - REX ARETAS Nabatean king Aretas kneeling before camel, holding olive branch
Rev.: P HVPSAE AED CVR - CAPTV - C HVPSAE COS PREIVE, Jupiter in quadriga left holding thunderbolt and reins; scorpion to left.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 16,65x17,40
Cr422/1b, Sear RCV 379

1 commentsMaxentius
27 Diadumenian64 viewsDenarius. May-July 217 AD. M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, draped bust right, seen from behind / PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing facing, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards right. RSC 6. Weight 3.35 g. Die axis 6 hr. Max dia 19.1 mm1 commentsmix_val
Diadumenian, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Ister, AE2564 viewsAE25, 12 g.

Obv: [K M OΠEΛ A]NTΩNI ΔIAΔOVMENIAN-OC, bare head right
beardless river god Ister sitting left on rock ?, right hand resting on prow, left hand on rock, holding branch

ex AAH
Didius Julianus Sestertius64 viewsDidius Iulianus Sestertius, 193 AD, Rome.
Obv: IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT / S - C, Concordia standing front, head left, holding legionary eagle and standard.
RIC IV, Part 1, 14 (R)
2 commentsTanit
Trajan Provincial64 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. AR Didrachm. Caesarea, Cappadocia. Struck consular year 2, 98-99 AD. (6.1g, 22mm) Obv: AYT KAIC NEP TPAIANO CEB GEPM, Laureate head right, youthful portrait right. Rev: DHM EX UPAT B, two clasped hands holding standard on prow.

SNGCop 200, BMC 53.

Ex: Incitatus Coins
Diocletian, 284-305 AD. AR Argenteus, Thessalonica64 viewsObverse: DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG - Laureate bust of Diocletian Facing Right
Reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM - 3 Turreted Campgate With No Doors , .T.S.B. in ex.

Thessalonica mint, struck c. 302 AD.
Attribution: R.I.C. VI Thessalonica 15a , Rare.
Weight: 2.96 Gr , Max Diameter:  20 mm
Die Axis: 11 H , Ch gVF.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection./ NO. RI 3001
5 commentsSam
domitian RIC121.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AR denarius - struck 88-89 AD64 viewsobv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERMANICVS (laureate head right)
rev: Minerva advancing right, aiming javelin and holding shield, COSX IIII across fields
ref: RIC II 121 (S), BMC 141, C.67 (6frcs)
3.17gms, 19mm
mint: Rome

This coin struck after the Saeculares Games in 88-89 AD.
Domitian as Caesar AR Denarius64 viewsObv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F - Laureate head of bearded Domitian right.
Rev: COS IIII - Pegasus standing right, the wings upright and one leg lifted.
Mint: Rome
Year: 76 AD
Ref: RIC 238 (Vespasian)
Notes: Scarce
Domitian, Dupondius, Fortuna, Rome64 viewsDupondius (AE 27-28mm) Rome, 86 AD. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS (XII CENS) PER PP Bust laureate left, with aegis (FORT)VNAE - AVGVST(I) / S - C Fortuna standing l. holding rudder and cornucopiae. 10,10gr. Almost very fine. Rare. Nice golden-brown patina.
C.124; BMC p.382, 383 and pl. 75.9; RIC p.195, 326(b).

ex Dr. Martina Dieterle
4 commentsareich
Domitian - [RIC II part 1 Vespasian 921 (C2), RSC II 47, BMCRE II 193, BnF III 169, SRCV I 2637]64 viewsSilver denarius, choice gF, 3.350g, 19.3mm, 180 degree, Rome mint, as caesar early 76 - early 77 A.D.

Obv. - CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right

Rev. - COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing, only near wing showing, raising left foreleg

Nice portrait, toned, and perfect centering.

Purchased from Forum Ancient Coins

Ex. FORVM Dealer Photo
2 commentsrenegade3220
Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta), 193–217 CE64 viewsAR Denarius, Rome mint, 211 CE, 3.30g. BM 33a (p. 435), RIC-, RSC 251a (C.L. Clay and Vienna). Obv: IVLIA PIA - FELIX AVG; draped bust right. Rx: VOTA PVBLICA; Pietas (Julia?) standing left, dropping incense on lighted altar and holding open box.

Notes: Rare; none in Reka Devnia. A specimen was purchased by the British Museum in 1973; another in the G.R. Arnold Collection sold in the Glendining sale (21 November 1984), lot 113 (a pair of denarii), pl. V (this type illustrated); hammer price for the lot Ł120.
2 commentsMichael K5
Seleukis and Pieria, Apameia Syria64 views1st Century B.C. 21mm

Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of athena right
Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding palm and wreath. ΓPΣ, NO below
4 zhu ban liang stone mould64 viewsreign of Wu Di because of iron traces in the coins cavities (141-118 BC)

2 part of same moulds
CRUSADER - Duchy of Athens view #164 viewsDuchy of Athens, anonymous; made during reign of William I (1280-1287) or Guy II (1287-1308). Billon Denier.
Obv: Castle Tournois, "+DVX ATENES"
Rev.: Cross, "+THBANE CIVIS"
Thebes mint. Similar to Metcalfe 1040-1048, variety A4

This view is with no lighting effects. The condition is not the best!
Thanks (again!) to Manzikert for identification!
Distilled Water Soak64 viewsScotvs Capitis
Elizabeth I sixpence, Seaby 256164 viewsElizabeth I sixpence, 1566 A.D. AR, 26mm 3.07g, Seaby 2561
O: ELIZABETH D G ANG FR ET HI REGINA, crowned bust of Elizabeth I left, rose behind, portcullis mintmark.
R: POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV. Quartered royal arms over long cross fourchee.

*purchased for my wife's birthday...but I am cointing it in my collection ;)
1 commentscasata137ec
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 094, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, #264 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 094, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LAETITIA PVBL, Laetitia standing left, #2
avers:-IMP-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:-LAETITIA-PVBL, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder on globe.
exe: -/-//--, diameter:20-21mm, weight: 4,36g, axis: -h,
mint: Rome, date: 218 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-94, p-35, C-72,
Faustina Jr. (146 - 175 A.D.)64 viewsAR Denarius
O: DIVA FAUSTINA PIA, Draped bust right.
R: CONSECRATIO Pietas standing left, sacrificing from patera over a lighted altar and holding a sceptre.
RIC III 741 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 57-4/10' BMCRE 711 note; RSC 65

Very Rare

Published on Wildwinds!
8 commentsMat
Faustina Sen.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Faustina Senior, AR denarius64 viewsOptimus
Faustina II denarius64 viewsHilaritas reverse3 commentsmarandnumiz
Faustina 64 viewsDIVA FAVSTINA
Diademed and draped bust right

Ceres standing left holding corn ears and scepter

Rome 141 AD

Sear 4645


VF Green patina. Reverse a bit rough.
3 commentsJay GT4
fel temp com~0.JPG
Constans RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina64 viewsAE 17 mm 1.9 grams
OBV :: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG. Pearled diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Nimbate phoenix standing right on globe. star in right field
EX :: SMHE ( Heraclea )
RIC VIII Heraclea 80 unlisted officina

coin not listed in RIC, Helvetica's spreadsheets , Wildwinds, or coin archives . also discussed in Forvm at the following link
1 commentsJohnny
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
Gallienus PIETAS AVGG RIC 446.jpg
PIETAS AVGG RIC V/1 44664 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.87g.

Obverse: IMP C LIC GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiat & draped bust R.

Reverse: PIETAS AVGG, Emperors sacrificing at altar.

Antioch, RIC V/1 446, Common.
gallienus RIC V-1, Rome 16364 viewsAE17-22mm 3.2 grams
OBV :: GALLIENVS AVG. Radiate head right
REV :: APOLLINI CONS AVG. Centaur walking right , drawing back on bow
EX :: not visible
RIC V-1, Rome 163
Purchased 08/2008

2 commentsJohnny
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.64 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University

P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families Used by permission.

Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.

Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Germany4 - Federal Republic.jpg
Germany – Federal Republic (1949- ) 64 viewsKm105 - 1 Pfennig - 1950-J
Km107 - 5 Pfennig - 1950-F
Km108 - 10 Pfennig - 1966-J
Km110 - 1 Mark - 1956-J
Km116 - 2 Mark – Max Planck - 1957-J
Daniel F
ROMAN EMPIRE / Emperor Gordian III , AD ( 238 – 244 )64 viewsSilver Denarius , Rome mint , 3.18 gr .
Obverse ; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG { IMP[erator] GORDIANVS PIVS FEL[ix] AVG[vstvs] / Emperor Gordianus, Dutiful Wise Augustus } , laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
Reverse ; SALVS AVGVSTI, ( [Dedicated to] To the health of the Emperors ) Salus standing right, draped, from patera held in left hand, feeding snake held in right hand .
References ; RIC IV 129A (R), RSC IV 325, Hunter III 62, SRCV III 8681.

Choice EF example , excellent portrait, and artistic well executed dies.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection./ NO. RI 20610.
Given as a souvenir to a dear friend. ( 8/18/2016 )
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks ( Her name is the source of the word "hygiene." ) , who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.

*The logo of Pharmacology was taken from Salus 's Patera and snake .

Roman empire, Gratian, RIC 14c , Siscia64 viewsGratian AE3
Obverse: D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Gratian standing right, holding labarum inscribed with Chi-ro and holding captive by hair. S over dot in left field and B over hooked A in right field.
delta SISCE in ex. Siscia mint, 18.1 mm, 2.6 g.
1 commentsNORMAN K
Calabria, Tarentum AR Nomos64 views(315-302 BC). Sl- and K-, magistrates.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spear, preparing to throw spear; ΣA below.
Rev.: Phalanthos, holding kantharos and trident, on dolphin left; K to left; below, dolphin left.
Vlasto 607.
7 commentsMinos
64 viewsavers:-,
exerg: , diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 4,71g, axes:7 h,
mint: , date: , ref: ,
gregory xvi.jpg
PAPAL STATES - GREGORY XVI64 viewsPope Gregory XVI ( 1831-1846) Copper Baiocco, 1836-R (Rome Mint). KM-1320.dpaul7
Hendin-643 / 133664 viewsValerius Gratus - prutah (year 4 = 17AD)
2.10 grams
1 commentscmcdon0923
Hadrian's Gate in Antalya #564 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya #5quadrans
Hadrian64 viewsRome Mint, 118 AD, 3.35g. O: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery over shoulder; R: VOT PVB in field, PM TR P COS III dot, Pietas standing right, raising both hands in prayer. RIC-141; RSC 1477.3 commentsNemonater
Hadrian Denarius64 viewsHadrian

Goddess of Nile reclining

RIC 310, RSC 991, BMC 862, Sear 3508
Hadrian Denarius Hispania64 viewsObv.
Bare head right

Hispania reclining left holding branch, rabbit in front
1 commentsancientdave
Hadrian Dupondius Hilaritas64 viewsObv.
Radiate head right

COS III (in ex.)
Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm & cornucopia, small boy & girl at sides
1 commentsancientdave
Hadrian "Quadrans" Modius64 viewsObv.

Radiate Head Right


Modius with 6 ears of grain

Rare. RIC 700
3 commentsancientdave
Hadrian Sestertius Felicitas Avg64 viewsObv.
Bare draped bust right

Hadrian,with scroll, clasping hands with Felicitas, with caduceus.

2 commentsancientdave
ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian, AR Denarius64 viewsOne of my last -and favorite -acquisitions. I like the golden patina on the coin and the perfect portrait.1 commentsOptimus
Sear 885 - Decanummium - 622-623 AD (Year 13) - Catania mint64 viewsEmperor: Heraclius (r. 610-641 AD)
Date: 622-623 AD (Year 13)
Condition: EF
Denomination: Decanummium

Obverse: (?) - [
Bust facing, bearded, wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and flat-topped crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger.

Reverse: Large ""; To left, ///; To right, /.

Catania mint
DO 254; Sear 885
4.69g; 14.9mm; 180°
2 commentsPep
Herennia Etruscilla Antoninianus64 viewsHerennia Etruscilla (Augusta)
AR Antoninianus, Rome mint
Ob: HERETRUSCILLAAVG, diademed & draped bust right set on crescent
Rv: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, drawing veil from face & holding scepter
Ref: RIC IV 59b, RSC 19
1 commentsScotvs Capitis
GREEK64 viewsAR tetrobol. Histiaia (Euboia) c. 196-146 BC. 2,41 grs. Head of the nymph Histaia right wearing earring s and necklace / Nymph seated right on stern of galley. Star before foot . IΣTIAIEΩN.
BCD -. SNG Copenhagen -.
1 commentsbenito
Honorius (RIC X 1357)64 viewsHonorius (384-423), Roman Emperor (393-395) and Western Roman emperor (395-423). Ć (11 mm, 1.15 g), Rome. Obverse: DN HONORI-(VS PF AVG). Reverse: (VICTOR)-IA AVGG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm branch, RM in exergue, T in left field. RIC X 1357, C.jbc
Huszár 195, Unger 121, RĂ©thy I 27564 viewsHungary. Béla III (1172-1196) or Béla IV (1235-1270). AR bracteate; denar (per Unger), 13 mm.

Obv: King riding horse to the right, falcon on his wrist.

Struck with an average fineness of .705 silver.

Huszár rarity rating 5
Huszár 495, Pohl 52-10, Unger 393i, Réthy II 1864 viewsHungary. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert, in Hun.) (1307-1342). AR denar, 15 mm.

Obv: REGIS • KAROLI, Crowned half-length portrait facing with scepter and imperial orb

Rev: + • M • REGIS • hVNGARIE, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, m-m to left and right.

Issued in 1338 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger) with a nominal weight of 0.6687 g. (per Pohl). This privy mark was issued in Felsőbánya, known as Mons Medium in the Middle Ages (now Baia-Sprie, Romania) by Martinus (Forsinych?) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #0264 views018 Bela III., King of Hungary, (1172-1196 A.D.), U-112, AR-Denarius, #02
avers: Illegible legend, ornament of kufic letters, border of dots.
revers: Cross, between four crosses and four dots, line border.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 12,5 mm, weight: 0,29g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Unger-112_CNH-1-109_Huszar-111, Toth-Kiss sigla-variation-,
016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #0164 views016 Istvan III., (Stephen III.), King of Hungary, (1162-1172 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-082v, #01
avers:- Cross with three wedges at the ends and H's between the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Eight dots around cross; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,24g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-082v, CHN-1-131, Huszar-117, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #0264 views013 Bela II., (Bela-II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-048, #02
avers:- Cross in frame of four crescents and crosses, dots in the angles; border of dots.
revers:- Lines in place of the legend; cross in circle with wedges in the angles; border of line.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 11mm, weight: 0,17g, axis: - h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-048, CHN-1-074, Huszar-089, Kiss-Toth: Sigla- ,
Carian Satraps, Pixodaros, ca 341-336/564 viewsAR didrachm
Ob: Laureate Apollo, three quarters facing, right, himation fastened with brooch at neck
Rx: ΠIXΩΔAPOY; Zeus of Labraunda standing right, holding spear in left hand & double-bladed axe over right shoulder.
7.02g 21mm

SNG Keckman I, 280, Sammlung Karl 35-40

ex Pegasi Numismatics Auction XXII (20.04.2010) lot 167
5 commentsDino
1.0 Khusroe II64 viewsKhusroe II
Sassanian (Persian) Empire
Silver Dirhem
30 mm.

Khusroe II conquered Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire, but soon lost it in a counter offensive by Emperor Heraclius.
Otacilla Severa,wife of Philippus I AE29 Caesarea maritima mint64 viewsO:Otacilla Severa bust r.
R:eagle displayed head r. supporting wreath within bust of tyche to r
the letters S.P.Q.R around Tyce.
4 commentsMaritima
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Mensa Ponderaria marbel tabel to weigh grain64 viewsCorrect units of measurementJohn Schou
J24-Hadrian As.jpg
Hadrian, Æ As, “Annona”, 117-138 CE64 viewsBronze As of Hadrian (117-138 CE), 10 grams, 27 mm, Rome mint 134-138 CE.

Obverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Bare head right, draped left shoulder
Reverse: ANNONA AVG S-C, Annona standing left holding corn ears over modius and rudder.

Reference: Cohen 166, RIC vol. II, o. 441, 796a.

Added to collection: May 16, 2005
Daniel Friedman
Jamaica64 views(From right to left - sorry!)

Km33 – 1 Farthing – 1950-1952
Km25 – ˝ Penny – 1914-1928
Km31 – ˝ Penny – 1938-1947
Km37 – 1 Penny – 1953-1963
Km45 – 1 Cent – 1969-1971
Km64 – 1 Cent – 1975-2002
Km46 – 5 cents – 1969-1989


Km47 – 10 Cents – 1969-1989
Km146.1 – 10 Cents – 1991-1994
Km146.2 – 10 Cents – 1995-2003
Km49 – 25 Cents – 1969-1990
Km147 – 25 Cents – 1991-1994
Km167 – 25 Cents – 1995-2003


Km65 – 50 Cents – 1975-1990
Km57 – 1 Dollar – 1971-1979
Km145 – 1 Dollar – 1990-1994
Km164 – 1 Dollar – 1994-2006
Km163 – 5 Dollars – 1994-1995
Km181 – 10 Dollars – 1999-2005
Km182 – 20 Dollars – 2000-2002
Daniel F
036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 64 views036 Janos Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers:- +TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
revers:- Rozette-MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exe, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Lord Melchett Lodge No. 1153 of B’nai B’rith (St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada)64 viewsAE token, 32.5 mm., undated.

Obv: LORD MELCHETT LODGE No. 1153 and B’NAI B’RITH, within border around rim, candelabra in center with ribbon below, BENEVELENCE, BROTHERLY LOVE and HARMONY in left, right and middle sections of the ribbon, respectively.

Rev: A LUCKY TOKEN and ST. CATHERINES within border around rim, separated by Jewish stars, I HAVE CONTRIBUTED / 25˘ / FOR / CHARITY, in five rows in center.

Ref: none known.

Note: Founded in 1932, the lodge was named after Alfred Moritz Mond (1868-1930), the first Baron Melchett, who first visited Palestine in 1921 with Chaim Weizmann and subsequently became an enthusiastic Zionist, contributing money to the Jewish Colonization Corporation for Palestine and other Zionist causes, writing for Zionist publications, and becoming President of the British Zionist Foundation. The lodge tried to uphold the ideals of “brotherhood,” “benevolence” and “brotherly love and harmony” (and those ideals feature prominently in the obverse design of the token).
Julia Domna, Stobi64 viewsO: IVLIA -AVGVSTA
Draped bust right
Nike/Victory standing left holding wreath and palm, wheel at feet
1 commentsarizonarobin
AE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,64 viewsAE-Jeton, Radiate head right, Single sided, Howgego 30,
avers: Radiate head right, before the face "KOTI", belowe the neck another radiated head, looking like double stike..
revers: Single sided,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,24g, axis: h,
mint: , date: A.D., ref: Howgego #30 ,
"KOTI before laureate bust right (Antonine emperor?) Applied twice on one example
(countermark applied at Cotiaeum, where one was found).
W.H. Waddington, Voyage en Asie-Mineure au point de vue numismatique, 1853, p.21,
1= P.Waddington 5880; P.876 (countermark applied twice).
All the coin are worn flat. One of a group of countermarks bearing the name of a city
which were applied such 'blanks' "
Sear 1304 - Follis - 692-693 AD - Syracuse mint64 viewsEmperor: Justinian II (First Reign: 685-695 AD)
Date: 692-693 AD
Condition: VF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: No legend
Emperor facing, bearded, seated on throne with low arms, wearing chlamys and crown with cross. In right hand, globus cruciger; in left, akakia. In field right, star.

Reverse: Large ""; Above, ; To left and right, palm.

Syracuse mint
DO 64; Sear 1304; MIB 73
4.71g; 27.1mm; 180°

Ex CNG, Ex Kristov Collection
judaea_hyrcanusI_Hendin 455cf.jpg
Judaea, Johannes Hyrcanus I, TJC B1364 viewsJohn Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan), 135-104 BC
AE - Prutah, 14.53mm, 2.17g, 0°
struck in Jerusalem
obv. Paleo-Hebrew legend in 5 lines within laurel wreath:
יהוחנן / הכהןהג / דלוחברה / יהדי / מ
from r. to l.:
YHW(Ch)NN / H KHN H G / DL W (Ch)BR H / YHDY / M
= Yehochanan Ha Kohen Ha Gadol We Chaver Ha Yehudim
= Yehochanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews
rev. Double cornucopiae, coming from a floral base, filled with fruits and a grain-ear each, decorated with ribbons hanging down, a pomegranate with long stalk between horns, in dotted circle
ref. Hendin cf. 455/7; AJC Na29; TJC B13
060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #164 views060 Iulia Soaemias (?-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 355, Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus seated left, #1
Mother of Elagabalus.
avers:-IVLIA-SOAEMIAS-AVG, Draped bust right.
revers:-VENVS-CA-ELESTIS, Venus seated left, holding patera (or apple?) and sceptre; at her feet a child reaching up to her.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 220 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-243, p-, C-14,
Julian II RIC VIII Constantinople 165 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II (The Apostate), RIC Constantinople 16564 viewsJulian II
Constantinople Mint. 361-363 A.D.
18.8mm. 2.97g.
Die Alignment: 0 degrees
Obv: DN FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG - Helmeted, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right hand, shield in left.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX surrounded by wreath.
Exergue: (palm branch)CONSA(palm branch)
Ref: RIC VIII Constantinople 165. Sear '64-3971var. VM 28.
153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #164 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-1, RIC VIII 216, Lugdunum, SECVRITAS REIPVB, #1
avers:- DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SECVRITAS-REIPVB, Bull standing right, two stars above.
exergo: LUGDOFF-P,
date: 360-363 A.D.,
mint: Lugdunum (Lyon),
diameter: 28mm,
weight: 7,67g,
ref: RIC-VIII-236,
Roman Empire, Julianus II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #164 views153 Julianus-II. (360-363 A.D.), AE-3, RIC VIII 415, Siscia, -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath, #1
avers: - DN-FL-CL-IVLI-ANVS-PF-AVG-J8/A3L, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
revers: - No legend, VOT/X/MVLT/XX in wreath.
exerg: -/-//palm-ASIS-palm, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 361-363 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII 415, p-380,
1 commentsquadrans
AE 20 mm 7.62 g
RPC 1554
Julia Domna - RIC 57764 viewsSilver Denarius. ca 200 AD. IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis, wearing polos on head, standing right, left foot on prow, holding Horus; behind, rudder. RSC 174, RIC 577, BMC 75, RCV 66061 commentsBud Stewart
Sweden - Charles XII 1697-1718 - 1 dukat 171864 viewsObv: CAROL . XII . D . G . REX . SVE., draped and quirassed bust right.
Rev: FACT . EST . DOMIN . PROTECTOR . MEVS (the Lord is my defence), crowend royal monogram surrounded by the swedish three crowns. The bottom crown with the year 17 - 18 on eighter side and L - C (for the monyer Lorentz Careelberg).

Charles XII is one of very few swedish kings who has ever reached international fame. He is known as skilled military leader and spened most of his regin involved in different wars. At first he was successfull, but in the later part of his regin he lost many wars and the during the 17th century ever growing swedish empire was only a remnant of its former grandeur at his death. He met his end when he was shot during a war campaigne in Norway in 30 November 1718, while inspecting trenches.
028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0364 views028 Karoly Robert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
revers: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exe, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszar-493, Pohl-50,
Antique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #0164 viewsAntique, AE-Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay #01
type: AE-round plate or phalera from Roman horse harness, decorated with millefiori glass inlay,
size: 28mm,
weight: 6,87g,
date: c. 2nd century A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: Rome,
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