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VanAowls.jpg
Van Alfen Owls154 viewsOwls as described by Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 8.

Collage and image editing by Jay GT4.

Marjority of these sold to Forum for other collectors to enjoy for the purpose of funding my Flavian Collection in 2013.
3 commentsLucas H
Vitellius_RIC_I_90.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 09093 viewsVitellius Jan. 2-Dec. 20, 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69 A.D. (3.07g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM I{MP AVG TR P}, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA PR, Concordia seated left holding patera & double cornucopiae. RIC I 90, RSC 18.

Vitellius is described by Suetonius as lazy and self-indulgent, fond of eating and drinking, and an obese glutton, eating banquets four times a day and feasting on rare foods he would send the Roman navy to procure.
2 commentsLucas H
vespasian,_tetradrachm.jpg
Vespasian Tetradrachm/Egypt85 viewsVespasian: Alexandria, Egypt Mint. c. 69-70 A.D. AR Tetradrachm. Emmett 205. 2 commentsLucas H
Otho_RIC_I_3_1.jpg
08 01 Otho RIC I 483 viewsOtho. 15 Jan. to April 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 69 A.D. (3.27g, 18.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right. Obv: PAX ORBIS TERRARVM, Pax, draped, standing left, right holding branch, and left caduceus. RIC I 4, RCV 2156, RSC 3. Ex Warren Esty Personal Collection.

At 3 months, Otho had the shortest reign in the Year of the Four Emperors. During much of Nero’s reign, Otho administered Lusitania, and followed Galba when he marched on Rome. Upon Galba’s naming another as his successor to the throne, with some of the rankers of the Praetorian Guard, Otho staged a coup, had Galba murdered, and was declared Emperor.

THis is an odd reverse message for an emperor complicit in the murder of his one-time allie and predecessor Galba, while the legeons of Vitellius were Marching on Rome. PAX ORBIS TERRARVM "Peace on the Earth" is ironic given the civil war going on in Rome at the time.
5 commentsLucas H
Vitellius_RIC_I_105.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 10581 viewsVitellius. Jan. 2-Dec. 20 69 AD. AR Denarius (2.71 g, 17.6m, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa April-December AD 69. Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus & long rod. RIC I 105; RSC 47.

With the same devices as RIC I 81, the difference on this coin is the abbreviated title GERM. Vitellius was commander of the legions in Germania Inferior when the Rhine legions declared him emperor in 69 A.D. He would have resigned as emperor, but was not allowed to do so when Vespasian’s eastern legions marched on Rome, and was ultimately killed and Vespasian was installed as emperor ending the Year of Four Emperors.
Lucas H
vespasian_hemidrachm.jpg
Vespasian Hemidrachm78 viewsVespasian: Cappadocia, Caesarea. AR Hemidrachm. RPC 1659. Sear GIC 735. Obverse: AVTOKP KAICAP OVECPACIANOC CEBA, Laureate head right. Reverse: Nike advancing right, holding wreath and palm.

I think this is my favorite coin I have posted so far. I think it is the detail in conjunction with the small size. I'm glad I do not have to engrave dies this small.
4 commentsLucas H
persian_obol.jpg
Persian Empire, Imitative obol276 views1 commentsLucas H
Alexander_I,_Balas.jpg
Alexander I, Balas 152-145 B.C.73 viewsAntioch, Drachm, 4.07 g. SC 1785. Obv: Diademed head of Alexander. Rev: Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow in right hand and resting left hand on bow.1 commentsLucas H
Sergia_1a.jpg
286/1 M. Sergius Silus67 viewsM. Sergius Silus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 116-115 B.C. (3.81g, 17.98mm, 9h). Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, EcX SC before, ROMA X (XVI ligature) behind. Rev: helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand, Q below horse’s forelegs, M SERGI below, SILVS in ex. RSC I Sergia 1a, Sear 163, Ex Warren Esty.

The reverse depicts the grandfather of the moneyer, who, during the Punic War, reportedly suffered 23 wounds and the loss of a hand but continued the fight. The EX SC on the obverse indicates the coin was struck by a quaestor by special decred of the Senate. Quaestors were the immediate supervisors of the moneyers, but occasional struck udner their own name as well.
3 commentsLucas H
Claudius_RIC_I_64.jpg
05 Claudius RIC I 6465 viewsClaudius. 41-54 A.D. Rome Mint 51-2 A.D. (3.32g, 18.4m, 0h). Obv: [TI CLA]VD CAESAR AVG PM TR P XI IMP P P C[OS V], laureate head right. Rev: SPQR/PP/OBCS in three lines in oak wreath. RIC I 64. RSC 96.

Claudius was put on the throne by the Praetorian Guard after the murder of Caligula, and was eventually murdered by Nero’s mother. This is a worn coin and common reverse during Claudius’ reign, but I wanted to obtain it as denarii of Claudius seem few and far between, second only to Gaius in the 12 Caesar series it seems.
4 commentsLucas H
Vespasian,_RIC_850.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 085065 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 76 A.D. (2.91g. 17.9mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left. REV: IOVIS CVSTOS, Jupiter standing facing with patera over altar and scepter. RIC II 850 (R2). RSC 223.

A worn reverse, but I got this coin for the left facing head on the obverse, with the left facing coins being more scarce that the typical right facing coins.
2 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_Legio_X_Countermark.jpg
Vespasian As, Legio X Countermark64 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AE As. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (8.45g, 25.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS, laureate head right. Rev: SC in field, Spes standing let with flower. RIC II 730, RCV 2361.

The interest in this worn As is the Legio X, Fretensis, Countermark. Legio X was levied by Augustus in 40/41B.C. to fight in the Civil War. Later, Legio X was under the command of Vespasian and played a central role during the Jewish rebellion. Following the suppression of the rebellion under Titus, Legio X was garrisoned in Jerusalem.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_529.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 155962 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Antioch Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.18g, 17.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right. Rev: Vespasian standing right in quadriga with branch and sceptre. RIC II 1563, RPC II 1931, RCV 2279.

Commemorating the Judea Capta Triumphal parade, celebrated in 71 AD., this is one of the more rarely issued eastern denari of the Flavian reign. Typical of Antioch, this coin has a high relief portrait. This is issue formed part of the last issue of Vespasian’s denarii from the Syrian region. The suppression of the revolt in Judea was the highpoint of the Flavians' successes, and allowed Vespasian to have much needed coin from the plunder of the Second Temple in Jerusalum, coin that his predecessors, Galba, Otho, and Vitellius lacked as they assumed the purple.
5 commentsLucas H
Republic,_defending_comrad.jpg
319/1 Marcus Minucius Thermus M F55 viewsMarcus Minucius Thermus M. F. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 103 B.C. 3.9 g, 19.5 mm. Obv: Helmeted head of Mars left, banker's mark under chin. Rev: Q THERM M F below, Roman soldier protecting fallen comrade from attacking barbarian soldier, both swords raised. Crawford 319/1. RCV 197. RSC Minucia 19. Lucas H
nabataea,_aretas_IV,_silver.jpg
Nabataean, Aretas IV54 viewsNabataean Kington: Aretas IV. AR Drachm. Obverse: Aramaic "Aretas, king of Nabataea, lover of his people," laureate and draped bust of Aretas right. Reverse: Aramaic "Shuqailat, queen of Nabataea," date off flan, jugate busts of Aretas and Shuqailat right.

Ex Forvm. This is a well worn coin, but I like it for a couple of reasons. First, it was an affordable silver coin from Nabataea. Second, the flan is uniformly thick. Much thicker than the denarii I've put together.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian,_cappadocia,_victory_didrachm.jpg
Vespasian didrachm, victory53 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D.. AR Didrachm. 77-78 A.D. Cappadocia, Caesarea. 6.78 g. Obverse: Laureate head right. Reverse: Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm. Sydenham, Caesarea 91, Metcalf, Caesarea 9. 1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_703.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 070351 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.34 g, 20.32 mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, winged caduceus. RIC II 703, RSC 362, Sear 2299. Ex David Hendin.

The Caduceus entailed a staff, here with a pointed tip, entwined with snakes, and is often winged. The Caduceus represented trade and commerce patronized by Mercury. Alternately, according to Van Meter, the Caduceus was associated with safety, speed, and the herald.
1 commentsLucas H
republic_denarius,_bacchus,_h_1443.jpg
431/1 A. Plautius 50 viewsA. Plautius. Republic: AR Denarius. Hendin 1443. BACCHIVS, IVDAEVS, kneeling figure facing right with palm branch in left hand, camel behind. A PLAVTIVS AED CVR S C, turreted head facing right.

Very worn, but I enjoy the historic significance of this coin. I understand this may be the first coin depicting Roman involvement in Judaea.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_703~0.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 070350 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 74 A.D. (3.23g. 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, Caduceus, winged. RIC II 703.

The caduceus is a characteristic of Mercury and associated with heralds and commerce. This coin is much nicer than my photograph show with nice dark toning.
3 commentsLucas H
galba,_RIC_I_167.jpg
07 Galba, RIC I 16749 viewsGalba July, 68-Jan., 69. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Aug-Oct 68 A.D. (3.07g, 17.8mm, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA AVG, bare head right. Rev: SPQR OB CS in 3 lines within oak wreath. RIC I 167, RSC 287, Sear 2109.

Upon the death of Nero, Galba’s troops proclaimed him emperor on April 3, 68 A.D. Governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, he marched on Rome and assumed the throne, but was assassinated in a plot by Otho on January 15, 69 beginning the year of 4 emperors.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_522.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 052249 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 73 A.D. (3.52g, 19.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, with patera. RIC II 522, BMC 97, RSC 432v).

This is a common coin with an uncommonly stellar portrait. Its well centered with complete legends. Salus is associated with safety and wellbeing of the individual and the State.
5 commentsLucas H
augustus.jpg
02 02 Augustus. Caius and Lucius47 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C. to 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lyons Mint. c. 2 B.C.- 4 A.D. 3.68 g./20 mm. Obverse: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Laureate head right. Reverse: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES in exergue, Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shield and spears between, simpulum and and lituus above. RIC 207. 1 commentsLucas H
Marc_Antony_Cr496.jpg
496/1 Marc Antony45 viewsMarc Antony AR Denarius. 42 BC, Greek Mint. (3.62g, 17.8m, 2.3h). Obv: M ANTONI IMP, bare head right. Rev: III VIR R P C, facing head of Sol in a temple of two columns. RSC 12, Sear5 1467, Syd 1168, Cr496/1.

After Caesar’s death, Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate. Ultimately, Lepidus was pushed to the side and Antony was defeated by Octavian at the battle of Actium. Fleeing back to Egypt, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide in the face of their defeat by Octavian.
2 commentsLucas H
owl,_van_alfen_74.jpg
Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 7445 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 15.71 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, banker's marks. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, banker's marks. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 74, this coin. Ex Amphora.1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_0847.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 084745 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 76 A.D. (3.14g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS VII, eagle standing front on garlanded base, thunderbolt in claws, wings open, head left. RIC II 847, BMC 180, RSC 121.

This type could refer to the death of Mucianus. In this example, like many I’ve seen, lacks the garland on the base and thunderbolt in the eagle’s claws.
2 commentsLucas H
Athens_Tetradrachm_Athena_and_Owl_eastern.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern43 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Eastern style Athenian tetradrachm. (16.7 g, 21x25.4mm, 9h). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AO[E], olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Crack on obverse at 3 o'clock, two test cuts on reverse. Ex Amphora.

Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 57, this coin. Style Group II. The "A" of the ethnic on the reverse is missing a portion of one leg, giving it the appearance of a backwards "P."
2 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_I_4(a).jpg
02 03 Augustus RIC I 4(a)40 viewsAugustus. 27B.C. -14A.D. AR Denarius. Emerita Mint, c. 25-23 A.D. (3.21g, 19.4mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR AVGVST, bare head right. Rev: P CARISIVS LEG PRO PR, trophy of helmet cuirass, shield, and javelins, on heap of shields and lances. RIC 4(a), RSC 403(a).

Augustus established the colony of Emerita Augusta in Lusitania to settle emeriti- retiring soldiers- as he downsized the Roman army. P. Carisius, legatus pro praetore, effected the foundation on Augustus’s behalf. Emerita served as a strongpoint for the Empire in the west of Spain.
1 commentsLucas H
owl.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm (Van Alfen 35)40 viewsAttica, Athens, AR Tetradrachm. 393-300 B.C.. Obv: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Rev: Owl standing to r., head facing, to r. A-theta-E, to left, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, test cut. 22 mm, 16.58 grams. Van Alfen, Peter. American Journal of Numismatics, second series, volume 16-17, number 35, this coin.2 commentsLucas H
va16.jpg
Greek: Athens Owl, Van Alfen 1640 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. (17.04g (17.06g weight published in article), 21.7mm, 9h). Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AO[E], olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, two test cuts. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 16, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas H
Domitian_as_Caesar,_RIC_II_244.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V108739 viewsDomitian as Caesar under Vespasian. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. 3.1g, 18mm. Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right. Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Vesta seated left, holding palladium and sceptre. RIC II V1087. 1 commentsLucas H
Julius_Caesar_RSC_12.jpg
01 Julius Caesar, Venus39 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in North Africa c. 47-46B.C. (3.88, 19.2mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right. Rev: CAESAR, Aeneas walking left, carrying Anchises and the Palladium. Craw. 458/1. RSC 12, Sear RCV 1402.

Minted to pay his legends during their African campaign against the Pomeians, this coin harkens to Caesar’s mythical origin from Venus. Aeneas, a survivor of Troy, was the son of Aphrodite’s liaison with the mortal Anchises. Aeneas lead a group of survivors, the Aeneads, ultimately to the Italian peninsula.
1 commentsLucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 054638 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. ( 2.92g, 18.8m, 12h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM (anit-clockwise), Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch. RIC II 546, BMC 98, RSC 387. Ex. CNG.

This type is very common, but new in 73 A.D. Mid-way through 73 A.D, the legend direction switched on Flavian denarii, and this was one of the first issued with the right to left outward direction. Carradice and Buttrey note this type closely copies Tiberius’ seated figure type, the so called “Tribute Penny.” This issue also has the unusual 12 o’clock die axis.
2 commentsLucas H
L__Cassus_Longinus,_Cassia_10.jpg
413/1 L. Cassus Longinus38 viewsL. Cassius Longinus c. 63 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 63 B.C. (3.81g, 18.6mm, 7h). Obv: Draped bust of Vesta Veiled left, kylix behind, letter before. Rev: Male figure left dropping tablet inscribed V (Uti Rogas) into a Cista, Longin III V behind. Cassia 10. Craw 413/1.

This coin may refer to the law of 113 which set up the special commission, presided over by L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla, for the trial of three delinquent Vestal Virgins. In 137 BC L. Cassius Ravilla proposed a method of voting, known as the Lex Cassia Tabellaria. The letter "V" on the tabella stands for V[ti] Rogas, or uti rogas a vote in favor of a new law. A vote against a new law was designated by the letter "A" (antiquo). L. Cassius Longinus, whose name appears on the coin, was the younger brother of C. Cassius Longinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.
1 commentsLucas H
owl,_van_alfen_56.jpg
Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern38 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 16.21 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 56, this coin. Ex Amphora.1 commentsLucas H
Galba_RIC_I_189.jpg
07 Galba RIC I 18937 viewsGalba April 3-Jan. 15, 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69 A.D. (3.15g, 18.9m, 6h). Obv: [I]MP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate and draped bust right. Rev: [DI]VA AVGVSTA, Livia standing left, holding patera and scepter. RIC I 189, RSC 55a. ACCG IV, 59.

Upon Nero’s death, Galba was governor of Hispania Terraconensis, and marched to Rome. His short reign was ended by his murder in a plot hatched by Otho and the Praetorians. Many of his economic measures had been unpopular, including his refusal to “bribe” the Praetorians upon his ascension.
1 commentsLucas H
L_Censorinus_Denarius_Craw__3631d.jpg
363/1d L. Censorinus Denarius37 viewsL Censorinus Denarius. 82 BC. Rome Mint. (3.75g, 18.4mm, 3h). Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rev: L CENSOR, the satyr, Marsyas, standing left with wineskin over shoulder; behind him, column surmounted by draped figure (Minerva?). Marcia 24. Sear 5, 284. Syd 737. Cr363/1d. Ex Warren Esty.

Alluding to Marsyas’ musical challenge to Apollo. Marsyas lost the contest, judged by the Muses, and Apollo flayed him alive for presuming to challenge a god. I love the mythical basis of this type.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_360_Vesta.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 036037 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint. 72-73 A.D. (3.39 g. 19.2 m). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COSIIII, laureate head right. Rev: VES-TA across field, Vesta standing left with simpulum and sceptre. RIC II 360. Ex David Hendin.

Vesta is one of the great Roman Divinities, the goddess of the hearth and of fire, and associated with the Greek ESATIA. A simpulum is a ladle used in religious ceremonies and a sign of the priesthood.
2 commentsLucas H
Antioch_tetradrachm.jpg
Antioch, AR Tetradrachm36 viewsAntioch, After 64 B.C., Roman Rule, S.7214sim, Obverse: Diademed head of Philip Philadelphos right. Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre.1 commentsLucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 142835 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (3.02g, 16.6m, 7h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORXIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears, poppy, and cornucopiae, in exergue, EPHE. RIC II 1428, BMC 453, RSC 67. Ex CNG.

Although porous, this eastern issue denarius has full legends and is well centered. The EPHE in exergue is on the flan, and very clear. This is part of the series of Flavian denarii minted in Ephesus with a series of issue marks, making an interesting collection area in its own right.

Lucas H
roman_republic,_Mn__Cordius_Rufus.jpg
463/1b Mn. Cordius Rufus35 viewsMn. Cordius Rufus. 46 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. SRCV I 440, Sydenham 976c. 19.2mm, 3.85 g., Obverse: RVFVS III-VIR, Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri r., wearing pilei surmounted by stars. Reverse: MN-CORDIVS (MN in monogram) on right, Venus Verticordia standing left, scales in right, transverse scepter in left, cupid on her left shoulder. Ex Forvm.1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_23_Mars.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 002335 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. (4.32 g/17mm). Rome Mint, 70 Jan.-June AD. Obv: [IMP CA]ESAR VES[PA]SIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: [COS IT]ER [T]R POT, Mars advancing right with spear and Aquila. RIC II 39, RSC 87.

The characteristic portrait of Vespasian recognizable on his later coinage is not yet established on this early example. Vespasian did not arrive in Rome from Egypt until later in 70 A.D., probably October, so his features may have been unknown to the die engravers.
Lucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_46.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 004635 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. 71, July-Dec. A.D. (3.47g, 19.1m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: TRI POT, across field; Vesta, std. l., with simpulum. RIC II 46, BMC 57, RSC 561.

An early denarius of Vespasian, spreading themes of hearth and home after the Civil War by use of the goddess Vesta on the reverse. This example has a full flan, complete legends, and demonstrates what can be called a “big head” portrait.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_RIC_II_29.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 002734 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. Jan-June 70 A.D. (3.20g, 19.1mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TR POT, Pax standing left with branch and caduceus. RIC II 27.

The inward facing lettering changed in 73 A.D.. The early denarii of Vespasian fail to depict the characteristic portrait of Vespasian seen on later coinage. Some coins from this time period bear portrait more reminiscent of Vitellius than Vespasian.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian,_pax_seated.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 077233 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 75 A.D. (19mm, 3.2g). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VI, Pax seated left, holding branch. RIC II 772. Lucas H
vespasian,_ric_685.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 068533 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right on curule chair, holding branch and sceptre. RIC 685, RSC 386.

Possible double strike on the obverse. See the "shadow" of Vespasian's profile from his forehead to his nose.
Lucas H
Republic,_quinarius,_victory.jpg
333/1 C. Egnatuleius quinarius32 viewsC. Egnatuleius AR quinarius. Rome mint. 97 B.C. (1.6 g., 16 m). Obv: C EGNATVLEI C F Q, laureate head of Apollo right. Rev: Q in field, Victory left, inscribing shield on trophy. Crawford 333/1. RCV 213. Lucas H
Marcus_Junius_Brutus_Craw__433_1.jpg
433/1 Marcus Junius Brutus 31 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 54 B.C. (4.01g, 19.1m, 4h). Obv: LIBERTAS, head of Libertas r., hair in bun. Rev: BRVTVS in ex., consul Lucius Junius Brutus walking l., between two lictors, preceded by an accensus. Craw. 433/1, RCV 397.

Brutus, perhaps Caesar’s most famous assassin, shows his political leanings on this coin 10 years before the assassination. Lucius Junius Brutus, the first consul and founder of the Republic reportedly expelled the last Tarquin king from Rome in 509 B.C. This is referred to as “The coin that should have warned Caesar.”
1 commentsLucas H
Republic,_C__Terentius_Lucanus.jpg
217/1 C. Terentius Lucanus AR. Denarius.31 viewsTerentius Lucanus AR Denarius. 147 BC. Obverse: Head of Roma right, small Victory behind. Reverse: The Dioscuri right, C. TER LVC below horses, ROMA in exergue. 3.9 g., 20 mm, RSC Terentia 10, Craw 217/1.Lucas H
Republic,_Marcius_Mn__F_.jpg
241/1 M. Marcius Mn. f. AR Denarius31 viewsM. Marcius Mn. f. AR Denarius. 134 B.C. Obverse: Head of Roma right, modius behind. Reverse: Victory in biga right, M MAR C/ RO MA below divided by two ears of corn. 3.6 g, 18 mm, Craw 241/1, RSC Marcia 8.1 commentsLucas H
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Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl eastern31 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Easter style Athenian tetradrachm. 16.99 g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Test cut. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 67, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_0029_1.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0029.131 viewsVespasian 69-79A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint Jan-June, 70 A.D. (3.43g, 18.4m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TR POT, pax seated left with branch and caduceus. RIC II 29. Ex HBJ.

During this time, more and more of the portraiture reflects Vespasian’s characteristic features. Some still show signs of Vitellius, but Vespasian had been in Rome for some months now. These early runs only face right, are only inscribed from right to left which alternated on 73 A.D.

This is a duplicate, and one in which, despite agonizing over it, I cannot decide which I like better. The obverse of this is nicer, but I like the reverse of the other. Which do you like and why?
1 commentsLucas H
Galba,_RIC_I_211.jpg
07 02 Galba, RIC I 21130 viewsGalba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius. Rome mint. (18mm, 2.88 g, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS GEN HVMANI, Salus advancing left, foot on globe, holding patera over altar and carrying rudder. RIC I 211; RSC 238. CNG 264, lot 391.

According to the Roman Dictionary of Coins, this type alludes to Galba’s taking over revolt during Vindex’s revolt due to his high birth and political connections. The reverse inscription invokes the safety, health, and wellbeing of the human race.
Lucas H
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317/3b L. Appuleius Saturninus. 30 viewsRoman Republic. L. Appuleius Saturninus. 104 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. SRCV I 193, Crawford 317/3b. 18.4mm, 3.32 g. Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma left. Reverse: Saturn in a quadriga right, K below, L SATVRN in exergue. Ex Forvm.Lucas H
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Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl29 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. 17.05g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 18, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 002128 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 70-Jan-June A.D. (3.08g, 19m, 5h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. Rev: COS ITER TRPOT, Aequitas standing left with scales and rod. RIC II 21, BMC 17, RSC 94a.

Issued in Vespasian’s first year, this example has a more typical Vespasian portrait than others of this era which tend to favor Vitellius.
As an attorney, I love Aequitas which was the Roman personification of justice and equality. The scales persist as a representation of the same in the legal community today.
Worn, but with full legends and complete devices, this is a decent example of an early type.
1 commentsLucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 001927 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 70 A.D. Jan-June. (3.25g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: COS ITER FORT RED, Fortuna stg. l., r. hand on prow, with cornucopia. RIC II 19, BMC 7, RSC 84. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This type thanks Fortuna for a successful return from Egypt where Vespasian stayed for some months after he was declared Emperor at the end of 69 A.D. A worn, but well centered example of an early denarius of Vespasian with a full weight and complete legends.
Lucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 070227 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. (3.44g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. REV: PON MAX TRP COS V, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 702, BMC 136, RSC 364.

Along with the winged caduceus, this reverse type was one of the most common reverses for the year. Introduced the previous year, it echoes Tiberius’ Livia type. This is example is reasonably centered, maintains full legends on the obverse, and is a solid example of the type.
Lucas H
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450/ 2 Decimus Junius Brutus26 viewsDecimus Junius Brutus. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, 48 B.C. (3.76g, 18.7m, 3h). Obv: Head of Pietas right, PIETAS behind. Rev: Two joined hands holding a caduceus, ALBINVS BRVTI F below. Craw. 450/2, Syd 942, Postumia 10.

Decimus Brutus Albinus was a cousin of Caesar’s who became instrumental in his assassination in 44 B.C. Decimus Junius Brutus was adopted by Consul Aulus Postumius Albinus, added the cognomen Albinus thereafter. Decimus was the third to strike Caesar on the Ides of March, and the first of the assasins to be killed, albiet by a Gaul chieftan loyal to Antony while escaping from Gaul to join Brutus and Cassius.
Lucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 143126 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 71 A.D. (3.20g, 17.5mm 11h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P PP, laureate head right. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.); Victory adv. r. with wreath an palm, at lower r., EPE. RIC II 1431, BMC 457, RSC 276, RPC 833.

This specimen has a tight flan but full weight. While the obverse is slightly off center, it retains full legends, and the reverse is well centered.
Lucas H
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337/3 D. Silanus AR. Denarius.25 viewsD. Silanus L. f. AR Denarius. 91 B.C. Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, control mark behind. Reverse: Victory in biga right, D. SILVANVS L F/ ROMA in exergue. 3.7g, 17 mm, Syd. 646, Cr337/3, RSC Junia 15.Lucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 052025 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (3.15g, 20.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN, laureate head right. Rev: FIDES [PVBL], hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies, and two corn ears. RIC II 520, BMC 86, RSC 164.

Dated to 73 A.D. by Vespasian’s fourth consulship, and the addition of the censorship title in that year. 73 A.D. also saw the change in legend direction from clockwise to anticlockwise on the obverse of Flavian coinage. This coin perhaps alludes to public protection and concord in commerce and agriculture.
Lucas H
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Titus RIC II 013223 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (2.89g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, Laureate head right. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, tripod with fillets; above dolphin; above tripod two ravens, l. and r. and a wreath under the dolphin. RIC II 132 (R2). Ex. CNG.

Some variations of this type lack the ravens on top of the tripod (T128), but not this example. The larges output of Titus’ precious metal coinage took place during this period of the first six months of 80 A.D. Not the best specimin of Titus, but this is example is more scarce than the one lacking the ravens.
1 commentsLucas H
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Titus RIC II 010922 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 1 Jan.-30 June 80 A.D. (2.87g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, curule chair, wreath above. RIC II 109 (R),

With the more scarce left facing head, this is one of a new series of pulvinaria types, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. This coin is dated before 1 July, as Titus took TRP X on that date. The largest output of Titus’ denarii fell in the first six months of 80 A.D, thought perhaps to be due to the great fire in Rome.
Lucas H
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Vespasian RIC II 035620 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 72-73 A.D. (3.41g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: [I]MP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII, laureate head r. Rev: AVGVR, above, TRI POT, below, priestly implements. RIC II 356.

A worn but legible example of this common type. An affordable example of this classic Vespasian type.
Lucas H
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Alexander the Great, drachm19 viewsAlexander the Great. AR Drachm. Ionia, Colophon mint. Posthumous, c. 323-319 B.C.. Price 1769. Obverse: Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck. Reverse: Greek inscription, Zeus on throne, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and scepter, lyre left, A under throne. Ex Forvm.Lucas H
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Athens Tetradrachm Athena and Owl18 viewsAthens. 4th Century B.C.. Athenian tetradrachm. 17.06g. Obverse: Head of Athena right, eye in profile, test cut. Reverse: Owl standing right, head facing , to right AOE, olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square, two test cuts. Van Alfen, AJN, 16-17, 17, this coin. Ex Amphora.
1 commentsLucas H
   
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