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001.1 Aes Rude 2344 viewsRoman Republic. c. 4th C. BC. (15.57 grams. 22x22x7 mm). Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria. Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude, or rough bronze, was used for trade in on the Italian peninsula prior to the use of actual coins. These bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually surpassed by marked bars (Aes Signatum).
1 commentsLucas H
422/1b M. Aemilius Scaurus & P. Plautius Hypsaeus155 viewsRepublic. AR Denarius. 58 B.C. 3.93 g. Obv: M SCAVR AED CVR above, EX S C in fields, REX ARETAS below, King Aretas kneels right with palm branch in left hand, alongside camel. Rev: P HVPSAEVS AED CVR above, CAPTVM on right, C HVPSAE COS PREIVE in exergue, Jupiter drives quadriga left and hurls thunderbolt. Crawford 422/1b. Hendin 1441. Ex Amphora-catalog 98, item 96.

My absolute favorite coin thus far! Commemorating Scaurus' victory over Nabataea.
9 commentsLucas H
544/17 Marc Antony, Legion IV, Scythica116 viewsMarcus Antonius (Marc Antony). AR Denarius. Struck 32-31 BC. Obv: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, praetorian galley. Rev: LEG IV, eagle between standards. 17mm, 3.7g. Crawford 544/17.

In his youth, future emperor Vespasian served in this legion.
1 commentsLucas H
517/2 Octavian and Antony106 viewsMarcus Antonius and Octavian. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, Spring-Summer 41 B.C. (3.42g, 19.1m, 0h)). Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R PC M BARBAT Q P, bare head of Antony r., Rev: CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR [R P C], bare head of Octavian r. Craw. 517/2, RSC 8a, RCV 1504.

A duel portrait of two of the three triumvirs. This example has fairly complete legends, and high relief portraits. This coin was minted before the Treaty of Brundisium, where the empire was apportion between the triumvirs.
1 commentsLucas H
Carthage 99 viewsCarthage,. AE 19. Sardinia c. 300-264 B.C. (very few other coins were ever struck there). (5.48 grams. 6:30h). Obv: head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain. Rev: horse head and neck right.
Sear Greek 6523. Morcom 913. Ex Warren Esty.

Carthage, Rome’s first enemy off the Italian peninsula, minted coins in Sardinia, which it controlled during the First Punic War, possibly due to the close proximity of the troops.
1 commentsLucas H
001.2 Aes Rude85 viewsRoman Republic. c. 5th-3rd C. BC. Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria.
(19.37 grams. 21x20x7 mm). Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude means rough bronze, and prior to the use of actual coins, these bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually given markings (Aes Signa).
2 commentsLucas H
095/1a Victoriatus52 viewsAnonymous. 211-208B.C. AR Victoriatus. Uncertain Mint. (2.74g, 16mm, 12h). Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory standing right, crowing trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113, RSC 36m.

An interesting denomination, he Victoriatus circulated at the same time as the denarius but was made of debased silver and could have been valued at ¾ a denarius. It was hoarded separately from denarii, and could have been used for trade in southern Italy among the Greek colonies. It was later remade into the Quninarri keeping the victory motif from the old Victoriatus.
1 commentsLucas H
044/6 Anonymous Quinarius49 viewsAnonymous Quinarius, from 211 B.C., 1.92 g., Cr 44/6, Obv: Helmeted head of Roma, V behind. Rev: Dioscuri riding right, ROMA in linear frame below. Ex HBJ.2 commentsLucas H
431/1 A. Plautius 49 viewsA.Plautius. Republic: AR Denarius.. 55 B.C. (3.71g, 18.8mm, 5 h). Obv: . Turreted head of Cybele right, A PLAVTIVS before, AED CVR S C behind. Rev: BACCHIVS, IVDAEVS, kneeling figure facing right with palm branch in left hand, camel behind. Crawford 431/1. Hendin 1443, Plautia 13

This coin is historic in that it probably references Rome’s first involvement in Judaea, and the supplicant on the reverse may very well be Aristobulus.
4 commentsLucas H
534/2 Octavian, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa44 viewsOctavian and M. Vipsanius Agrippa. AR Denarius. Military mint moving with Octavian. c. 38 A.D. (3.48g, 18.2mm, 6h). Obv: DIVOS IVLIVS DIVI F, confronting heads of Julius Caesar, wreathed r., Octavian, bare headed, l. banker's marks Rev: M AGRIPPA COS DESIG. Craw. 534/2, Vipsania 2.

An exceedingly rare issue, I had to have this despite its condition. Worn, but not beyond recognition, this was an issue under the authority of Agrippa who was governor of Gaul at the time. This is a first use of confronting busts which became more common on dynastic issues of the Empire. The picture does not show it well, but the reverse legend is all there.
1 commentsLucas H
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here:

2 commentsLucas H
344/1 L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus34 viewsL. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint, (3.72g., 19.94m,2h), Obv. bare head of king Tatius to right, SABIN behind. Rev. Two Roman soldiers each carrying a woman in his arms, L TITVRI in exergue, S.250, Cr.344.1, Syd.698b, RSC Tituria 2?). Ex Warren Esty.

Commemorating the "Rape of the Sabines" from the legendary founding of Rome.
Lucas H
344/2b L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 24 viewsL. Titurius L.f. Sabinus 89 B.C. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 89 B.C. (3.9 g, 17.48 mm, 9h). Obv: Head of Tatius right, SABIN behind, palm branch below chin. Rev: Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, fending off two soldiers about to throw shields on her, LTITV[RI] in ex. Tituria 4, Craw. 344/2b, Syd 699.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.

This type was later used by Augustus, possibly to demonstrate his ties to the times of the Republic (RIC I 299).
1 commentsLucas H
495/2a Lepidus and Octavian23 viewsLepidus and Octavian. Military mint traveling with Lepidus in Italy. 43 B.C., late. AR Denarius.(3.35g, 16mm, 6h). Obv:LEPIDVS•PONT•MAX•III•VIR•R•P•C•, bare head of Lepidus right Rev: CAESAR•IMP•III•VIR•R•P•C•, bare head of Octavian right. Cf Crawford 495/2a 2c-d; Syd. 1323; Cf RSC 2-2a; 2c-d. “From Group SGF”

I’ve sought a coin with a portrait of Lepidus, and while worn, the obverse portrait is clearly identifiable. 43 B.C. saw the establishment of the Second Triumvirate giving Lepidus, Antony, and Octavian dictatorial powers over the Roman State.
1 commentsLucas H
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