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CarausiusDiocletianMaximian.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carausius, Diocletian & Maximianus - Antoninianus3796 viewsObv.: CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI, jugate, radiate & cuirassed busts of Maximianus, Diocletian & Carausius left Rev.:PAX A-VGGG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch & vertical scepter; S P/C. Mint Camulodunum. (Struck circa 292-293 AD)59 commentspostumus
05475q00.jpg
MARKET, NERO, (Macellum Magnum)2346 viewsOrichalcum dupondius, RIC 400, S 1963 variety, VF, 13.65g, 28.9mm, 180o, Lugdunum mint, 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P, laureate head left; reverse MAC AVG S C, front view of the Macellum Magnum (great market), two-story domed section with porticoes approached by steps with a dolphin on each side and containing statue of Neptune holding a long scepter on pedestal, wings of two stories of unequal height.

The Macellum Magnum was a shopping mall located on the Caelian Hill in Rome, dedicated by Nero in 59 A.D. It had flanking wings of slightly different construction and a central dome possibly 120 feet (36 meters) in diameter. Records indicate it was still open in the 4th century. Part of it may be incorporated into the church of S. Stefano Rotundo which stands today. It was the model for many medieval government buildings in Europe, all U.S. state capitols and the U.S. national capitol building.
5 commentsJoe Sermarini
AugustusAgrippaAsCroc.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Augustus & Agrippa, AE As, COL NEM2243 viewsAugustus & Agrippa, AE As, 28mm (12.83 gm). Addorsed heads of Agrippa on left, wearing combined rostral crown and laurel wreath, and Augustus on right, wearing oak wreath, IMP above and DIVI F below / Crocodile chained to palm tip, wreath in upper left and COL - NEM above. Nemausus, c. 10 BC - AD 10. RIC I 158 (pg. 51).
28 commentssocalcoins
Walls of Balkh.jpg
Afghanistan, Balkh2136 viewsThe walls of Balkh, Afganistan1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Saladin_A788.jpg
1701a, Saladin, 1169-11931819 viewsAYYUBID: Saladin, 1169-1193, AR dirham (2.92g), Halab, AH580, A-788, lovely struck, well-centered & bold, Extremely Fine, Scarce.

His name in Arabic, in full, is SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB ("Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job"), also called AL-MALIK AN-NASIR SALAH AD-DIN YUSUF I (b. 1137/38, Tikrit, Mesopotamia--d. March 4, 1193, Damascus), Muslim sultan of Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, and the most famous of Muslim heroes.

In wars against the Christian crusaders, he achieved final success with the disciplined capture of Jerusalem (Oct. 2, 1187), ending its 88-year occupation by the Franks. The great Christian counterattack of the Third Crusade was then stalemated by Saladin's military genius.

Saladin was born into a prominent Kurdish family. On the night of his birth, his father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, gathered his family and moved to Aleppo, there entering the service of 'Imad ad-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria. Growing up in Ba'lbek and Damascus, Saladin was apparently an undistinguished youth, with a greater taste for religious studies than military training.
His formal career began when he joined the staff of his uncle Asad ad-Din Shirkuh, an important military commander under the amir Nureddin, son and successor of Zangi. During three military expeditions led by Shirkuh into Egypt to prevent its falling to the Latin-Christian (Frankish) rulers of the states established by the First Crusade, a complex, three-way struggle developed between Amalric I, the Latin king of Jerusalem, Shawar, the powerful vizier of the Egyptian Fatimid caliph, and Shirkuh. After Shirkuh's death and after ordering Shawar's assassination, Saladin, in 1169 at the age of 31, was appointed both commander of the Syrian troops and vizier of Egypt.

His relatively quick rise to power must be attributed not only to the clannish nepotism of his Kurdish family but also to his own emerging talents. As vizier of Egypt, he received the title king (malik), although he was generally known as the sultan. Saladin's position was further enhanced when, in 1171, he abolished the Shi'i Fatimid caliphate, proclaimed a return to Sunnah in Egypt, and consequently became its sole ruler.

Although he remained for a time theoretically a vassal of Nureddin, that relationship ended with the Syrian emir's death in 1174. Using his rich agricultural possessions in Egypt as a financial base, Saladin soon moved into Syria with a small but strictly disciplined army to claim the regency on behalf of the young son of his former suzerain.
Soon, however, he abandoned this claim, and from 1174 until 1186 he zealously pursued a goal of uniting, under his own standard, all the Muslim territories of Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt.

This he accomplished by skillful diplomacy backed when necessary by the swift and resolute use of military force. Gradually, his reputation grew as a generous and virtuous but firm ruler, devoid of pretense, licentiousness, and cruelty. In contrast to the bitter dissension and intense rivalry that had up to then hampered the Muslims in their resistance to the crusaders, Saladin's singleness of purpose induced them to rearm both physically and spiritually.

Saladin's every act was inspired by an intense and unwavering devotion to the idea of jihad ("holy war")-the Muslim equivalent of the Christian crusade. It was an essential part of his policy to encourage the growth and spread of Muslim religious institutions.

He courted its scholars and preachers, founded colleges and mosques for their use, and commissioned them to write edifying works especially on the jihad itself. Through moral regeneration, which was a genuine part of his own way of life, he tried to re-create in his own realm some of the same zeal and enthusiasm that had proved so valuable to the first generations of Muslims when, five centuries before, they had conquered half the known world.

Saladin also succeeded in turning the military balance of power in his favour-more by uniting and disciplining a great number of unruly forces than by employing new or improved military techniques. When at last, in 1187, he was able to throw his full strength into the struggle with the Latin crusader kingdoms, his armies were their equals. On July 4, 1187, aided by his own military good sense and by a phenomenal lack of it on the part of his enemy, Saladin trapped and destroyed in one blow an exhausted and thirst-crazed army of crusaders at Hattin, near Tiberias in northern Palestine.

So great were the losses in the ranks of the crusaders in this one battle that the Muslims were quickly able to overrun nearly the entire Kingdom of Jerusalem. Acre, Toron, Beirut, Sidon, Nazareth, Caesarea, Nabulus, Jaffa (Yafo), and Ascalon (Ashqelon) fell within three months.

But Saladin's crowning achievement and the most disastrous blow to the whole crusading movement came on Oct. 2, 1187, when Jerusalem, holy to both Muslim and Christian alike, surrendered to the Sultan's army after 88 years in the hands of the Franks. In stark contrast to the city's conquest by the Christians, when blood flowed freely during the barbaric slaughter of its inhabitants, the Muslim reconquest was marked by the civilized and courteous behaviour of Saladin and his troops. His sudden success, which in 1189 saw the crusaders reduced to the occupation of only three cities, was, however, marred by his failure to capture Tyre, an almost impregnable coastal fortress to which the scattered Christian survivors of the recent battles flocked. It was to be the rallying point of the Latin counterattack.

Most probably, Saladin did not anticipate the European reaction to his capture of Jerusalem, an event that deeply shocked the West and to which it responded with a new call for a crusade. In addition to many great nobles and famous knights, this crusade, the third, brought the kings of three countries into the struggle.

The magnitude of the Christian effort and the lasting impression it made on contemporaries gave the name of Saladin, as their gallant and chivalrous enemy, an added lustre that his military victories alone could never confer on him.

The Crusade itself was long and exhausting, and, despite the obvious, though at times impulsive, military genius of Richard I the Lion-Heart, it achieved almost nothing. Therein lies the greatest-but often unrecognized--achievement of Saladin. With tired and unwilling feudal levies, committed to fight only a limited season each year, his indomitable will enabled him to fight the greatest champions of Christendom to a draw. The crusaders retained little more than a precarious foothold on the Levantine coast, and when King Richard set sail from the Orient in October 1192, the battle was over.

Saladin withdrew to his capital at Damascus. Soon, the long campaigning seasons and the endless hours in the saddle caught up with him, and he died. While his relatives were already scrambling for pieces of the empire, his friends found that the most powerful and most generous ruler in the Muslim world had not left enough money to pay for his own grave.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
H.A.R. Gibb, "The Arabic Sources for the Life of Saladin," Speculum, 25:58-72 (1950). C.W. Wilson's English translation of one of the most important Arabic works, The Life of Saladin (1897), was reprinted in 1971. The best biography to date is Stanley Lane-Poole, Saladin and the Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, new ed. (1926, reprinted 1964), although it does not take account of all the sources.
See: http://stp.ling.uu.se/~kamalk/language/saladin.html
Ed. J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Timbukto.JPG
Mali, West Africa, Timbukto1711 viewsYes it does exist! although it has lost a lot from its glory days in the 14th and 16th centuries, still a fascinating place to visit. Meaning well of the woman named 'Bouctou'. In its day 25,000 students are reputed to have studied there at any one time. Some of the manuscripts can still be viewed; on such varied subjects at medicine, astronomy and arithmetic; sadly they are not well preserved.4 commentsBolayi
L. Marcius Philippus.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Marcia - L. Marcius Phillippus. Denarius 56 B.C.1687 viewsObv: Diademed head of King Ancus Marcius right, lituus behind, ANCVS below.
Rev: Aqueduct (the Aqua Marcia) represented as an arcade of five arches surmounted by equestrian statue right, AQVA MAR (MAR in monogram) within arches, PHILIPPVS on left.
RCV I : 382 | RSC I : Marcia 28.

This moneyer was the step-brother of Octavian, who was just seven years old at the time of this issue. The reverse of this coin commemorates the construction, in 144 B.C., of the Aqua Marcia by Q. Marcius Rex, whose statue appears above the aqueduct.
18 commentsthe_Apostate
152481LG~0.jpg
GREEK, ATTICA, Athens AR "New Style" Tetradrachm1637 viewsATTICA, Athens. Circa 168/5-50 BC. AR New Style Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.74 gm). Struck circa 136/5 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right / A-QE, owl standing right on amphora; magistrates MI-KI and QEO-FRA; Nike in quadriga right in right field, M on amphora, SW below amphora; all within wreath. Cf. Thompson 315-323 (unlisted dies). EF, lightly toned.

Submitted by Ecoli
8 commentsecoli
IMG_0768.jpg
Israel, Jerusalem - Western Wall and Dome of the Rock1602 viewsThe first century BCE western retaining wall of the Second Jewish Temple, directly in front of the 8th century Dome of the Rock. Friday evening at sunset (beginning of Shabbat).
posted by Zam
1 commentsZam
rz0660bb1974.jpg
BYZANTINE, John VIII Palaeologus, 1423-1448, Constantinople, AR Stavraton (Half Hyperpyron)1577 viewsIWANHC ΔECΠOTIC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓOC / ΘV XAPITI AVTOKPATOP in two circles inside which bust of John facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendila, a pellet in the left and right fields. / IC/I-XC/X Nimbate bust of Christ, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand raised in benediction, all inside dotted and lined circle, surrounded by margin with pellets, inside solid line circle. 6.7g

When voting be careful to compare this with other coins of the same denomination, not the smaller ones which have cause to look even more crude. While this is crude and probably easily bested, I would prefer the coin that ousts this entrant at least have as much of the name of the ruler as does this one (IWA at the top of the outer circle).
7 commentsdougsmit
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-&-Rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1572 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen orriginally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv. Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
25 commentsPetitioncrown
Trajan coin~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan AR Denarius1511 viewsTrajan AR Denarius

Attribution: RIC II, 128, Rome
Date: AD 103-111
Obverse: IMP TRAIANO AVG
GER DAC P M TR P, laureate
head rt., slight drapery on lt.
shoulder
Reverse: COS V P P S P Q R
OPTIMO PRINC, Victory stg. lt.,
half draped, wreath in rt. hand,
palm in lt.
Size: 18mm
Weight: 3.50 grams

Noah's Coins
10 commentsNoah
milan-1794.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), ITALY - 1 Kronentaler, 17941441 viewsSilver coin with 29,31 grams
Ruler: Franz II. (I.) von Österreich, (1792 - 1835)
Milano mint, (under austrian control)
OBV.: ARCH:AVST:DVX:BVRG:LOTH:BRAB:COM:FLAN:1794
REV.: FRANCISC.II.D.G.R.I.S.A.GER.HIE.HVN.BOH.REX. (M)
Ref.: KM#59.1, Dav.: 1390: J.134b.
lincon r2
Ardashir1Gobl10sm.jpg
[1901a] Ardashir I, The Great (AD 224-241) 1401 viewsSASANIAN EMPIRE. Ardashir I, 224-241 AD. AR Drachm; Göbl 10; 4.27 gm; Toned VF. Obverse: Crowned draped bust; Reverse: Fire-altar. Ex Pegasi.

Ardashir I, The Great (AD 226-241)

Ardashir I (early Middle Persian Arđaxšēr "Who has the Divine Order as his Kingdom"), also known as Ardashīr-i Pāpagān "Ardashir, son of Pāpağ" Ardeshiri Babakan, and as Artaxerxes, was ruler of Persia (226–241) and the founder of the Sassanid dynasty (226–651). Other variants of his name appear as Artaxares, Artashastra, Ardaxshir, Ardasher, Artashir and Artakhshathra.

Early Years
Ardashir I was born in the late 2nd century in Istakhr, (located today in Iran) a vassal kingdom of the Parthian Empire. His father Pāpağ (sometimes written as Pāpak or Babak) deposed the previous king, Gochihr, and took his throne. His mother may have been named Rodhagh. During his father's reign, Ardashir I ruled the town of Darabjird and received the title of "argbadh". Upon Pāpağ's death, Ardashir I's elder brother Šāpūr ascended to the throne. However, Ardashir I rebelled against his brother and took the kingship for himself in 208.

Ardashir I rapidly extended his territory, demanding fealty from the local princes of Fars and gaining control over the neighboring provinces of Kerman, Isfahan, Susiana, and Mesene. This expansion brought the attention of the Arsacid Great King Artabanus IV (216–224), Ardashir I's overlord and ruler of the Parthian Empire, who marched against him in 224. Their armies clashed at Hormizdeghan, and Artabanus IV was killed. Ardashir I went on to invade the western provinces of the now-defunct Parthian Empire. This led to a confrontation between Kurds and Aradshir I which is recorded in a historical text named "Book of the Deeds of Ardashir son of Babak". It is written in Pahlavi script. In this book, the author explains the battle between King of the Kurds, "Madig" and Ardashir I.

Crowned in 226 as the sole ruler of Persia, and taking the title Šāhānšāh "King of Kings" (his consort Adhur-Anahid took the title "Queen of Queens"), Ardashir I finally brought the 400 year-old Parthian Empire to an end and began four centuries of Sassanid rule.
Over the next few years, Ardashir I further expanded his new empire to the east and northwest, conquering the provinces of Sistan, Gorgan, Khorasan, Margiana (in modern Turkmenistan), Balkh, and Chorasmia. Bahrain and Mosul were also added to Sassanid possessions. Furthermore, the Kings of Kushan, Turan, and Mekran recognized Ardashir as their overlord. In the West, assaults against Hatra, Armenia and Adiabene met with less success.

Religion and State
According to historian Arthur Christensen, the Sassanid state as established by Ardashir I was characterized by two general trends which differentiated it from its Parthian predecessor: a strong political centralization and organized state sponsorship of Zoroastrianism.

The Parthian Empire had consisted of a loose federation of vassal kingdoms under the suzerainty of the Great King. Ardashir I, perhaps seeing from his own successes the weaknesses of such decentralized authority, established a strong central government by which to rule Persia. The empire was divided into cantons, the dimensions of which were based on military considerations. These cantons were designed to resist the influence of hereditary interests and feudal rivalries. Local governors who descended from the ruling family bore the title of shāh. In an attempt to protect royal authority from regional challenges, the personal domains of the Sassanids and branch families family were scattered across the empire. While the old feudal princes (vāspuhrs) remained, they were required to render military service with their local troops (for the most part peasant levies). The lesser nobility was cultivated as a source of military strength, forming the elite cavalry of the army, and the royal household found a useful (and presumably reliable) military force through the hiring of mercenaries.

Zoroastrianism had existed in the Parthian Empire, and its holy text, the Avesta, had likely been compiled during the years of the Arsacid dynasty. The Sassanids could trace their heritage to the Temple of Anahita at Staxr, where Ardashir I's grandfather had been a dignitary. Under Ardashir I, the Zoroastrian (sometimes called Mazdean) religion was promoted and regulated by the state. The Sassanids built fire temples and, under royal direction, a new and official version of the Avesta was compiled by a cleric named Tansār. The government officially backed the Zurvanist doctrine of the religion, which emphasized the concept of time as the "original principle", over the competing doctrine of Vayism, which stressed the importance of space over time. Despite this state backing of a particular sect, it appears that other religious practices were tolerated so long as they did not interfere with the political authority of the Sassanids.

In other domestic affairs, Ardashir I maintained his familial base in Fars, erecting such structures as the Ghal'eh Dokhtar and the Palace of Ardashir. Despite these impressive structures, he established his government at the old Parthian capital of Ctesiphon on the Tigris River. He also rebuilt the city of Seleucia, located just across the river, which had been destroyed by the Romans in 165, renaming it Veh-Ardashir. Trade was promoted and important ports at Mesene and Charax were repaired or constructed.

War with Rome
In the latter years of his reign, Ardashir I engaged in a series of armed conflicts with Persia's great rival to the west – the Roman Empire.

Ardashir I's expansionist tendencies had been frustrated by his failed invasions of Armenia, where a relative of the former Arsacid rulers of Parthia sat on the throne. Given Armenia's traditional position as an ally of the Romans, Ardashir I may have seen his primary opponent not in the Armenian and Caucasian troops he had faced, but in Rome and her legions.

In 230 Ardashir I led his army into the Roman province of Mesopotamia, unsuccessfully besieging the fortress town of Nisibis. At the same time, his cavalry ranged far enough past the Roman border to threaten Syria and Cappadocia. It seems that the Romans saw fit to attempt a diplomatic solution to the crisis, reminding the Persians of the superiority of Roman arms, but to no avail. Ardashir I campaigned unsuccessfully against Roman border outposts again the following year (231). As a result, the Roman emperor Alexander Severus (222–235) moved to the east, establishing his headquarters at Antioch, but experienced difficulties in bringing his troops together and thus made another attempt at diplomacy, which Ardashir I rebuffed.

Finally, in 232, Severus led his legions in a three-pronged assault on the Persians. However, the separate army groups did not advance in a coordinated fashion, and Ardashir I was able to take advantage of the disorder and concentrate his forces against the enemy advancing through Armenia, where he was able to halt the Roman advance. Hearing of the Roman plans to march on his capital at Ctesiphon, Ardashir I left only a token screening force in the north and met the enemy force that was advancing to the south, apparently defeating it in a decisive manner. However, one can discern that the Persians must have suffered considerable losses as well, as no attempt was made to pursue the fleeing Romans. Both leaders must have had reason to avoid further campaigning, as Severus returned to Europe in the following year (233) and Ardashir I did not renew his attacks for several years, probably focusing his energies in the east.

On 237 Ardashir I, along with his son and successor Shapur I (241–272), again invaded Mesopotamia. This effort resulted in successful assaults on Nisibis and Carrhae and the shock this caused in Rome led the emperor to revive the Roman client-state of Osroene. In 241, Ardashir I and Shapur finally overcame the stubborn fortress of Hatra. Ardashir I died later in the year.

Final Assessment
Ardashir I was an energetic king, responsible for the resurgence of Persia, the strengthening of Zoroastrianism, and the establishment of a dynasty that would endure for four centuries. While his campaigns against Rome met with only limited success, he achieved more against them than the Parthians had done in many decades and prepared the way for the substantial successes his son and successor Shapur I would enjoy against the same enemy.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
taler-bavaria-madona.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), BAVARIA (German State) - TALER, 17561374 viewsSilver coin with 28,45 grams
Ruler: Maximilian III. Joseph (1745 - 1777)
Obv.: D.G.MAX.IOS.U.B&P.S.D.C.P.R.S.I.A. & EL.L.L.
Rev.: PATRONA BAVARIAE 1756
Ref.: Km# 223.2, Hahn 330, Dav.: 1954
1 commentslincon r2
Agrippa.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, AGRIPPA AS1321 viewsObverse: M AGRIPPA L F COS III - Head left. Reverse: SC - Neptune standing, holding trident and dolphin. Rome Mint: AD 37-41. RIC I Caligula 58, Cohen 313 commentspostumus
06208q00.jpg
Byzantine, Focas, Follis, Nicomedia, Unpublished year II consular type with mappa and eagle-scepter1309 viewsBronze follis, Hahn 69a (only years 3 and 4 noted), DO 56-60 (lists only years 3 - 7), gVF, 11.48g, 32.0mm, 45o, Nicomedia mint, 603-604 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVG, bust facing wearing consular robes and crown with cross on circlet, mappa in right, eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse XXXX, ANNO above, II right, NIKOA in exergue1 comments
Victoriatus~0.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, AR Victoriatus, 211-206 B.C.1284 viewsSilver victoriatus, SRCV I 49, RSC I 9, Crawford 53/1, Sydenham 83, EF, Rome mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverse ROMA, Victory right, crowning trophy with wreath in right.

The victoriatus is actually a drachm and was minted to facilitate trade with the Southern Italy Greeks, for which denarii were too new and perhaps not easily understood. Later when Rome's influence in South expanded, about 170 B.C., the production ceased.
3 commentsPhiloromaos
Nero_35.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, TEMPLE1276 viewsObv.:NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right
Rev.: PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, Temple of Janus with latticed windows & garland hung across doors; doors to the right.
Cohen 146
18 commentspostumus
Aelia Flacilla~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aelia Flaccilla AE2. Constantinopolis. RIC IX : 551270 viewsObv: AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG. Diademed and draped bust right.
Obv: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE. Victory seated right on throne, writing Christogram on shield held on small column. In exergue, CON Epsilon (fifth officina).
11 commentsthe_Apostate
arch of constantine.jpg
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine1260 viewsView of the arch of Constantine from the top of the Colosseum2 commentsTitus Pullo
Immagine2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius I, AE As, Libertas1253 viewsObv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP - Bare head left. Rev: LIBERTAS AVGVSTA - Libertas standing, facing, holding pileus and raising hand; SC across fields. MintRome . RIC 11310 commentspostumus
0580-210~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius I, Argenteus1252 viewsArgenteus struck in Antioch, 8th officina, c.299-305 AD
CONSTANTIVS CAESAR, Laureate head of Constantius right
VIRTVS MILITVM, Campgate, *ANTH* at exergue
3.40 gr
Ref : Cohen #318
Argentei struck in Antioch often give a larger head of the emperor than other mints
For a new and better pic, please follow this link :
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=34410.0;attach=93566;image

For those who feel uncomfortable with this coin, there is also a discussion about it on the "classical numismatics board" : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=34410.0
21 commentsPotator II
celsus34.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus, Library of Celsus1239 viewsOne of the true glories of Ephesus is the reconstructed facade of the Library of Celsus. Dedicated in 120 A.D to the former governor of Asia Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the library contained up to 12,000 scrolls. It was burned when the Goths sacked the city in 260 A. D. The edifice to the right is the Gate of Hadrian which connected the library to the public agora or marketplace.1 commentsmemphius
07621q00.jpg
ARCH, NERO, (Lost Arch of Nero)1221 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC 149, VF, 24.55g, 35.1mm, 45o, Rome mint, 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right wearing aegis; reverse S C, triumphal arch surmounted by statue of Nero in quadriga, Victory on left holds wreath & palm, Pax on right holds caduceus & cornucopia, wreath in archway, Mars nude helmeted statue in niche4 comments
augustus_86a~0.JPG
Augustus RIC I, 86a1212 viewsJochen's Augustus RIC I, 86a
Augustus, 27 BC - AD 14
AR - Denar, 3.74g, 19mm
Colonia Patricia(?), ca. 19 BC - 18 BC
obv. CAESAR AVGVSTVS
bare head r.
rev. SIGNIS above, RECEPTIS under round shield inscribed with CL.V between
eagle l. and standard r. S.P.Q.R. at the corners of the shield
RIC I, 86a; BMCR 417; RSC 265
good VF, toned

The eagle standards were introduced by Marius similar to the Ptolemaic eagle to each of his legions. This issue celebrates the recovery of the 3 eagle-standards 20 BC by Augustus (by negotiations), which were lost by Crassus 53 BC at the battle of Carrhae against the Parthians. The 3 eagles thereafter were erected in the new temple of Mars Ultor on the Forum of Augustus. The day of recovery was determined public holiday.
11 commentsJochen
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-_-Rev~2.jpg
Roman, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1178 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen originally from the Morreti Collection.

Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile.

Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
8 commentsPetitioncrown
magnentius felicitas reipublicae~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnentius AE Centionalis. (Trier) RIC VIII : 266.1174 viewsObverse: IM CAE MAGN-ENTIVS AVG. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FELICITAS REIPVBLICE. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding Victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner; in right field, A; in exergue, TRS crescent.
Struck between A.D.351 and 353.
4 commentsmickdale
theodosius2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Theodosius II Solidus1168 viewsAV Solidus. Constantinople mint. Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG - Three-quarters bust right, draped, cuirassed, holding spear over right shoulder and shield in left hand Rev: VOT XXX MVLT XXXXS - Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter, her left foot sits on the prow of a galley and at rear of her throne, a shield sits; in right field, a 'star'. Exe: CONOB : AD 430-440, RIC X, 257 (s) Scarce, page 259/ 4.48 g. FDC.
11 commentsLordBest
trajan.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan AE Sestertius1167 viewsTrajan Sestertius with Trajan on horseback on the reverse. Rather nice green patina.8 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Leopold-Taler-vienna.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Austria, Leopold I, 1695, 1 TALER1161 viewsSilver coin with 28,45 grams
Ruler: Leopold I (the Hogmouth), 1658 - 1705
Mint city: Vienna
Obv.:LEOPOLDUS:D:G:ROM:IMP:S:A:GE:HV:BO:REX.
Rev.: ARCHIDVX:AVSTRIAE:DVX:BVR:COM:TYRO: 1695
Ref.: KM#1871, Dav.: 3229A
lincon r2
ConstantinCheval.JPG
Roman Empire, Constantinus with HORSE unlisted coin Arelate Mint ***1150 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Cuirassed , laureated bust left with shield on arm, holding horse by bridle
SOLI IN-V-CTO COMITI S/F/PARL
Sol standing left
8 commentsgb29400
cyprus 2.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century"1127 viewsMosaic in "The House of the Century"1 commentsJeroen
waystr.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Curetes Street1124 viewsLooking down Curetes Street named after the priests who presided over the sacred fire of Hestia. The street is paved with marble slabs with sidewalks covered in mosaics.
3 commentsmemphius
04007q00.jpg
Lion - Gallienus1122 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 230 (sole reign), EF, excellent portrait, 3.16g, 19.9mm, 0 deg, Rome mint, 260-268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse LIBERO P CONS AVG, Tigress left looking up roaring; B in ex6 commentsJoe Sermarini
727937.jpg
Owl - This zoo needs an OWL! Preferably a perky owl..1098 viewsCalabria --Circa 281-272 BC. AR Drachm (3.16 gm). Helmeted head of Athena left; helmet decorated with skylla hurling a stone / [TARANTINWN], owl standing right on thunderbolt, wings spread. Vlasto 1077ff; SNG ANS 1320 14 commentsfeatherz
IMG10475.JPG
Italy, Vulci - Great Temple1084 viewsEtruscan temple was at this site since 6th century BC, rebuilt by Romans.Johny SYSEL
lysimachos.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, 323-281 BC Thrace1081 viewsAR - Tetradrachm struck in Lampsakos, 286-281 BC
Obv. Head of Alexander the Great, wearing taenia and horn of Ammon
Rev. BASILEWS – LYSIMAXOY Athena, wearing Corinthian helmet, in long robe, seated facing left on throne, left arm resting on shield decorated with lion's-head, spear pointing downwards behind her right shoulder, holding in outstretched right hand winged Nike who is crowning the name with wreath. In left field monogram HP (ligate); in exergue, crescent with cavity left.
28.8mm, 16.85g
Ref. Thompson 47; Müller 401; SNG Paris 2542
23 commentsalexB
Licinia - Votazioni.jpg
Gens Licinia. Roman republic. 1057 viewsWith another coin of Gens Cassia, it's to my knowledge the only coin representing the democratic act of voting. A lesson of democracy for the other ancient countries, but even for us...
Plinius
5 commentsPLINIUS
661008.jpeg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Caracalla, Nicopolis ad Istrum1033 viewsMOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. Caracalla. 198-217 AD. Æ 26mm (11.90 gm). Ovinius Tertullus, magistrate. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Apollo Sauroktonos ("Lizardslayer") standing right, holding branch and watching lizard on tree. AMNG I 1518; SNG Copenhagen -. 16 commentsthe_Apostate
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-_-Rev~4.jpg
Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1021 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen originally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv.Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
10 commentsPetitioncrown
AvsR.jpg
Antioch vs. Rome1016 viewsOne way to distinguish Gordian's Antioch products from Rome is by letter shape, in particular, the letter M; on Antioch coins it is formed with a V in the middle thus IVI, whereas the Rome M is two lambdas thus Λ Λ. Joe Sermarini
Decius-04.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan Decius - FELICITAS SAECVLI1000 viewsObv.:IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust right Rev.: FELICITAS SAECVLI S-C, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae. 15 commentspostumus
177- Aurelian Victoria~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelian Victoria988 viewsAE Antoninianus, 170-175 AD, Siscia Mint
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left with wreath and palm, * left , S Right.
RIC 237 Siscia Mint.
22mm, 3.6gm.
3 commentsjdholds
Attica,_Athens,_Tetradrachm_449_BC_~0.jpg
GREEK, Attica, Athens, 449-413 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Starr pl. xxii, 6980 viewsHead of Athena right, wearing helmet ornamented with vine scroll and laurel leaves.
Owl facing standing right, head facing, AΘE to right, olive sprig and crescent to left, all within incuse square.
Starr pl. xxii, 6; SNG Copenhagen 33; Sear 2526.
(22 mm, 17.18 g, 10h)
17 commentsLloyd T
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, HADRIANVS BRITANNICVS974 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
21 commentsPetitioncrown
Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus972 views
trajan_219~0.jpg
Trajan RIC II, 219972 viewsTrajan AD 88 - 117
AR - Denar, 3.15g, 19.9mm
Rome AD 103 - 111
obv. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP
bust laureate, r.
rev. SPQ.R. OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Dacian, in mourning attitude, seated on shield; below curved sword
RIC II, 219; BMCR cf.175
uncirculated

This issue celebrates the triumph of Trajan in the war against Dacia. The 1. Dacian war started AD 101 and by clever strategy, building of bridges over the Danube, AD 102 the Dacian king Decebalus choosed to capitulate and sweared obedience. He was to become a client king. Trajan gained the title DACICVS.
But then Decebalus started new offensives against Rome and Trajan took the field again AD 106. This 2. Dacian war was a brutal struggle. Decebalus committed suicid. The triumph in Rome lasted 123 days. Dacia with its vast wealthy becomes Roman province. Most of the inhabitants were killed or enslaved, their place taken for immigrants. Appolodorus built the huge Trajan column for propaganda.
3 commentsJochen
MarAurelio14.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Marcus Aurelius - SALVTI AVGVSTOR970 viewsSestertius Obv.: IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG P M, laureate head right Rev.:SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVII S-C, COS III below, Salus standing left offering a patera to snake arising from altar, and holding scepter. Cohen 564. 23 commentspostumus
Ferdinand_Isabella~0.jpg
MEDIEVAL, Spain, Kingdom of Leon and Castille939 viewsObverse shows Ferdinand & Isabella facing each other. The two monarchs united Spain and sent Christopher Columbus to discover a shorter route to China. He ended up discovering America.4 commentsgoldcoin
Constantine I a.jpg
Constantine- Mint of Rome style!919 viewsVery stern face, and distinctive nose are a dead give-away for Rome issues of Constantine and Licinius. The impressive cuirass is also quite common, while the drapery from Rome has a distinctive "flourish" to it. Very large bust...

From the Collection of Evan Rankin (Wolfgang336)
2 commentswolfgang336
CJSII-0414 obv.JPG
Roman, Aelia Flaccilla916 viewsex FORVM - 2243. Bronze AE2, RIC 43, gVF, 3.1g, 20.8mm, 180o, Nicomedia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG, draped bust right with an elaborate head dress, necklace and mantle; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Aelia Flacilla standing facing head right, arms folded on breast, SMN[ in ex; irregular flan, excellent portrait, black patina beautifully highlighted by read earthen fill, this is the most elaborate hairstyle we have seen on this type; very rare7 commentscscoppa
Procopius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Procopius ae3, Constantinople910 viewsObv: D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: REPARATI-O FEL TEMP. Emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum in right hand and resting left on shield. At foot, left, a small indeterminate object, possibly a helmet. Above, in right field, Chi-Rho; in exergue, CONS gamma.
RIC IX : 17a (R2)
10 commentsthe_Apostate
DSC05477.JPG
Queen Elizabeth II Gold Sovereign902 views1964
Obv. Right Facing Queen Elizabeth, REGINA:\ F.D.:ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA
Rev. St. George on horseback slaying dragon
CGPCGP
hungary-taler-004.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Hungary - 1 Taler, 1782900 viewssilver coin with 27,85 grams
Ruler: Josef II (1765 - 1790)
(B) Kremnitz mint
Obv.: Coat of arms of Hungary - IOS II.D.G.R.IMP.S.A.GHB.REX.A.A.D.B.&.L.
Rev.: Crwned madona with sceptre and the baby Jesus - S.MARIA MATER DAI (B) PATRONA HUNG.1782 . X .
Huszar: 1869, Dav.: 1168
1 commentslincon r2
335 ac-Aes Grave.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Aes Grave899 viewsAs Janus /Prow . Turlow-Vecchi n° 51. Weight 273 gr. By Plinius. (...I love it!) 9 commentsPLINIUS
Titus_79-81-AD_AE-AS_IMP-T-CAES-VESP-AVG-P-M-TR-P-COS-VIII_GENI-P-R_S-C_RIC-226_C-96_Rome-41-50_Scarce_Q-001_27-29mm_12,76g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Titus, AE-As, RIC II 126, RIC-New 226, Roma.895 views022 Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-As, RIC II 126, RIC-New 226, Roma, GENI P R, S-C, Scarce!,
avers:- IMP-T-CAES-VESP-AVG-P-M-TR-P-COS-VIII, Laureat head left.
revers:- GENI-P-R, Genius standing left holding cornucopia and patera. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 12,76g, axis:- h,
mint: , date: , ref: RIC-II-126, p-130, RIC-New-226, C-96,
Q-001
17 commentsquadrans
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye877 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
vesp den _600 hjb capricorn rev.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, silver denarius, RIC 118875 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 79 AD
RIC 1058(C), BMC 251, RSC 554
Obv.- IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev.- TR POT X COS VIIII; Capricorn l. : below, globe
10 commentsVespasian70
Probus CLEMENTIA TEMP RIC 928~0.jpg
Tripolis mint Probus CLEMENTIA TEMP RIC 928869 viewsAnt. IMP C MAVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R, seen from the back. CLEMENTIA TEMP, Probus receiving globe from Jupiter. Crescent in field, KA in exe. Tripolis, RIC 928, Common.

A good example of the Tripolis style for this emperor; it's quite distinctive, and quite naturalistic by comparison with other mints.
2 commentsRobert_Brenchley
08691q00.jpg
Hilaritas865 viewsThe most amusing goddess! Silver denarius, S 5254, RIC M. Aur. 686, RSC 111, gVF, 2.92g, 16.6mm, 180o, Rome mint, 161-175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left holding palm branch and cornucopia1 comments
china1.JPG
China, Great Wall860 viewsIt's a wall and its great, what more do I need to say :) - Bolayi1 commentsBolayi
SEV ALEX-4.jpg
Roman, Severus Alexander Dupondius 860 viewsSeverus Alexander Dupondius
231 A.D. Mint of Rome
Obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
Radiate head right
Rev.: IOVI PROPVGNATORI S C
Jupiter walking left, head right, holding thunderbolt.
Cohen 81, RIC629
A beautiful portrait of this emperor
3 commentsMaxentius
hadtempdet.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Hadrian852 viewsA magnificent relief of Medusa filling the interior arch of the temple of Hadrian. Other reliefs of Amazons and the Olympian gods grace the interior.memphius
faustaspes.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Fausta AE Follis, Rome mint. R4, FDC.849 viewsAE Follis. Bust of Fausta right FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG/Fausta standing holding Constantine II and Constantius II SPES REIPVBLICAE. Rome Mint. R4, the finest known Fausta bronze. Full copper mint lustre covered in a thin browny green patina. Simply superb.8 commentsLordBest
claude_ii_regi_artis.jpg
Vulcan, Claudius II antoninianus848 viewsIMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
REGI ARTIS
RIC 215 ; Cohen 239 (30 fr.)
RIC rate it Common, but it's a very rare coin, Volkano is rarely seen on roman imperial coins.
fredericweber.com
2 commentsfrederic W
4px4kes.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla -Aegis denarius845 viewsRome, Circa 207,
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
PROVIDENTIA : Aegis
RIC 165 (R2) ; Cohen 527 (40 fr.) ; BMC p. 258 note.
Much more rare than RIC and Cohen consider !!!
Of the Highest rarity !
Collection Frédéric Weber
Détails
18 commentsfrederic W
ConstantinusII.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CONSTANTINUS II Caesar Victory bust841 viewsCONSTANTINUS IVN NOB C
laureated and draped bust right, Victory on globe in left hand, sceptre in right hand
BEATA TRAN - QVILLITAS VO / TIS / XX
Point STR Point
Treveri Mint
RIC. VII p.198 , 383 R4

gb29400
11 commentsgb29400
cyprus 1.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century" (Detail)835 viewsDetailJeroen
Caracallvenus.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, "Limes" denarius, Caracalla824 viewswhitetd49
RI 066ab obv.jpg
Roman, Caracalla823 viewsThis seemed such a striking portrait of this notorious emperor that I couldn't resist.5 commentsmaridvnvm
CARACT.jpg
Roman Empire, Caracalla from Tarsos822 viewsCaracalla -- AE30, Tarsos. R: Caracalla wearing wreath and robes of the demiourgos, facing temple and victimarius swinging an ax to slay a sacrificial bull. SNG Levante -, SNG Paris - , SNG Aulock -, SNG Righetti -, Ziegler -. Possibly unpublished? Thanks to Curtis Clay for reference checks. 6 commentsfeatherz
ClaudiusSestertius(Obv).jpg
Roman, Claudius818 views10 commentstunaonrye0
CampaniaNeapolis~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Campania - Neapolis817 viewsAR Nomus, Neapolis (Naples) mint, c. 300 - 275 B.C.
Obverse: Diademed head of nymph right, wearing triple-pendant earring, grape bunch behind.
Reverse: Man-faced bull standing right, head facing, being crowned by Nike flying right, NEOΠOΛITΩ[N] below.
Weight 7.25 g, Maximum Diameter 21.9 mm, Die Axis 315o.
SNG ANS 317, HN Italy 579, Ex CNG e-auction 92 lot 3;

Neapolis (modern day Naples) was an early Rhodian colony, originally named Parthenope. Its name was changed to Neapolis in ca. 450 BC. The obverse of this issue represents the Siren Parthenope who was the local goddess of Neapolis. The man-headed bull reverse was a type shared by a number of Campanian cities and may have generally been understood as representing Acheloös, the father of Sirens. The name of Acheloös appears in cults throughout the Greek world and in mythology as the archetypal river-god and may have been used in this context in Campania.
alexB
ilion_BellingerT129.jpg
Troas, Ilion, pseudo-autonomous, Bellinger T129815 viewsTroas, Ilion, pseudo-autonomous, c.79-96 (time of the Flavians)
AE - (Orichalcum-) Semis, 6.86g, 19mm
obv. Bust of Athena, wearing warlike clothes with Corinthian helmet, aegis on her chest, spear over r. shoulder, before which a snake twisting upwords (from the aegis?)
ILI beneath, all in circle of dots
rev. Aineias, bearded, bare-headed, in short military cloak and boots, advancing r., leading his son Askanios, in short chiton, looking upwards to him, with r. hand, and carrying his father Anchises, bearded, head veiled, looking forward, in his l. arm
all in dotted circle
ref.: Bellinger T129; von Fritze 28; RPC II, 895; SNG Copenhagen 368; SNG von Aulock 154; BMC 20
Rare, VF, natural Orichalcum surface, slight roughness
Pedigree:
ex Künker Auction 133, lot 8140 (describes the snake as twining around the spear!)

For more informations please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
9 commentsJochen
antinoi.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antinous Medallion810 viewsHadrian favourite,Antinous,Medallion 40 gr,39 mm,very fine condition,very rare8 commentsjames
08474q00.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Heraclea, RIC 16805 viewsSilvered AE3, RIC 16, EF, 3.90g, 19.9mm, 180o, Heraclea mint, 317 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, laureate consular bust left holding mappa and scepter; reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with three turrets, MHTB in exergueJoe Sermarini
Constantine I Provedentiae Avgg~0.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, AE3805 viewsobv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
rev: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG
SMTSE in exergue
RIC Thessalonica 154
VF
2 commentswolfgang336
06249q00.jpg
Laodicea ad Mar, loop up from drapery on Julia Domna denarii804 viewsLaodicea ad Mare is today Latakia, Syria. It was a Phonecian town, refounded by Seleucus I Nicator 301-281 B.C. and renamed after his mother, Laodicea. Coins of Julia Domna from the Laodicea mint can be identified by the loop coming up from her drapery at the neck.5 comments
P1230362.JPG
Israel, Caesarea801 viewsThe ancient Roman port of Caesarea Maritima in Judaea (now Israel). This port was built by Herod the Great in the 1st century BCE. The view is of a portion of the aquaduct that brought water from the Carmel, just south of Haifa.2 commentsDaniel Friedman
AugAlter2.jpg
Altar of Lugdunum799 viewsCAESAR PONT MAX
Laureate head of Augustus, right.
ROM ET AVG
Altar flanked by two columns each surmounted by Victory.
Various sacred items on top; mystic symbols to front.
Copper As 22.5 mm 9.5 gm

Augustus took a risky break with tradition by allowing
himself to be the object of cult adoration. To minimize
the affront to his fellow Romans, he permitted the
practice only in the West. Interestingly, the year of
dedication in 10 BC saw the birth of Claudius in the same
place.
Massanutten
2 commentsMassanutten
elag200.jpg
Roman Empire, Elagabalus, AE30, Perinthus799 viewsElagabalus --AE30, Perinthus. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Nike standing facing, head left, holding patera over lighted altar, and palm. SNG Copenhagen -; BMC Thrace -; Mionnet -. Good VF, olive patina. An apparently unique and unpublished type. 9 commentsfeatherz
EmerGTetAttica.jpg
Athens Emergency Issue Plated Tetradrachm Circa 406-404 BC792 viewsQuote from David Sear:

"Athens was the greatest power in the Greek world throughout most of the 5th century BC. Its famous 'owl' coinage, principally of silver tetradrachms, possibly commenced in 510 BC on the occasion of the downfall of the tyrant Hippias. On these celebrated coins the helmeted head of the goddess Athena was accompanied by her attendant owl and the first three letters of the ethnic 'AQE'. Later, a diadem of olive leaves was added to Athena's helmet and a cresent moon was placed in the reverse field, though the precise chronological significance of these changes remains uncertain. To the intense chagrin of the Spartans Athens became the leader of the Greek states, including those of Ionia, in the epic struggle against the expansionist policies of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. The victories at Salamis (480 BC) and the Eurymedon (circa 467) clearly established the Athenian supremacy in the Aegean world. Initially, the Delian League (founded in 477) was an alliance of independent states sharing a common cause under the leadership of Athens. It gradually developed into an Athenian maritime empire with the member cities obliged to pay an annual tribute into the League's treasury on Delos. In 454 this treasury, amounting to 5,000 talents of silver, was actually removed to Athens and the vast wealth was openly employed for the aggrandizement of the city, now under the leadership of the great statesman Pericles. Vast building projecdts, such as the monumental edifices on the Acropolis, were financed in this way. From 431, however, Athens became embroiled in the protracted Peloponnesian War and increasingly the wealth of the state was dissipated in this futile cause. This attractive tetradrachm belongs to the exceptionally large ouput of Athenian 'owls' made during the second half of the 5th century. In contrast to the artistic development taking place at mints in other parts of the Mediterranean world, the late archaic style of the earlier 5th century became 'frozen' on these issues which represent the first truly imperial coinage of the Greek world. As Athens restricted or forbade the issue of independent currency at many of the cities within her sphere of influence the 'owls' came to circulate over an increasingly wide area. But this all came to an end with the defeat of Athens by Sparta in 404 BC and during the period immediately preceding this catastrophe the Athenians were reduced to the desperate expedient of issuing bronze tetradrachms and drachms with a thin surface coating of silver. This specimen is an excellent example of this emergency coinage the production of which drew contemporary comment from Aristophanes who, in his play Frogs (717ff), compares the decline in the quality of the leading citizens with the recent debasement of the Athenian coinage."
3 commentsGunner
karlVI1725.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Austria - 1 TALER, 1725789 viewsSilver coin with 27,85 grams
Ruler: Karl VI (1711 - 1740)
Hall Mint - Tyrol
Obv.: ARCHID.AUST.DUX.BU.COM.TYROL.1725
Rev.: CAROL.VI.D.G.R.I.S.A.GE.HI.HU.BO.REX.
Ref.: Km#692, Dav.: 1053
3 commentslincon r2
Pupienus portrait - RIC 10(a).jpg
Roman, Pupienus, April - June 238 A.D.784 viewsMARCVS CLODIVS PUPIENVS MAXIMVS was born about 164. He was a Senator in 238 when the revolt of the Gordians broke out against Maximinus I, and he was one of the Senate's "Committee of Twenty" to oversee the defense of Italy in support of the Gordians. When the Gordians were quickly killed in Africa, the Senate made Pupienus and a Senator named Balbinus co-Augusti. Pupienus was to lead the army and Balbinus was to administrate. Maximinus was soon killed by his own men at Aquileia but discontent in Rome led to the murder of Pupienus by the Praetorian Guard on July 29, 238. This portrait is from a Antonianus (ex-Forum) in my collection (see jimwho523's gallery for actual coin)13 commentsjimwho523
107- Constantine -17.JPG
107- Constantine The Great -17777 viewsAE4, 337-340 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obv: DN CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, Veiled head right.
Rev: Constantine in quadriga galloping left, the hand of God reaching down from heaven to welcome him.
SMKE. in exergue.
16mm, 1.8gm
RIC VIII 19
jdholds
rudolphusII-taler.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Austria, Rudolph II, 1612, 1 TALER775 viewsSilver coin with 27,65 grams.
Ruler: Rudolphus II (Habsburg Dinasty) 1576 - 1612
Ensisheim Mint
OBV.: RVDOLPHVS:II:D:G:RO:IM:SE:AVG:GER:HVN:BOH:REX 1612
REV.: NEC:NON:ARCHIDCES:AVS:DV:LAN:G:CO:FE
Ref.: KM# 241.3 Dav.: 3034
1 commentslincon r2
vesp quadriga rome mint.JPG
Roman Empire, Vespasian BMCRE unlisted Quadriga Rome mint768 viewsBMCRE pg. 14 note, RSC 643v.
Rome mint, 72-73 A.D.
Obv - Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - No legend. Vespasian laureate, standing in triumphal quadriga r., horses pacing, holding branch in r. hand and sceptre in l.
VF

This reverse celebrates Vespasian and Titus' Judaean Triumph at Rome.

Most examples of this reverse type are Antioch mint issues which copy the Rome mint type.

This example is unusual because of the obverse legend IMP CAES VESP AVG PM. RIC and RSC only record this reverse with COS IIII added to the end of the legend. BMCRE does not have either one listed but has a note for the COS IIII type.

This example is a rare official variant which Ian Carradice knows of only three other specimens.

Submitted by Vespasian70
1 commentsVespasian70
vienna1704.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), Austria - 1 TALER, 1704762 viewsSilver coin with 28,01 grams
Ruler: Leopold I (the Hogmouth), 1658 - 1705
Hall Mint: Tyrol
Obv.:LEOPOLDUS:D:G:ROM:IMP:SE:A:G:H:B:REX.
Rev.: ARCHID:AVST:DVX:BV:COM:TYR: 1704
Ref.: Moser/Tursky 760, Dav.: 1003
lincon r2
china2.JPG
China, Great Wall754 viewsMutianyu Great Wall located in Huairou County, Beijing. Built on older pre-existing walls during the Ming Dynasty.Bolayi
The Erectheum.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, The Erectheum753 views
Nero_64.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, DECVRSIO749 viewsObv.:NERO CLAVDIUS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR IMP P P, laureate head left
Rev.:DECURSIO S-C, Nero galloping right holding couched spear with soldier or officer galloping beside him.
5 commentspostumus
Aelia_Flaccilla.JPG
Aelia Flaccilla747 viewsAelia Flaccilla AE4.
SMHA Mint, 13mm, 1.04g
Obv: AEL FLAC-CILLA AVG, draped bust right with elaborate headdress,
necklace and mantle
Rev: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory seated right, writing chi-rho on shield
resting on small column.
RIC IX Heraclea 17

RARE
Romanorvm
RI 132ep img.jpg
Abundantia744 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS . P . F . AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundatia, standing right, empting cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe.) Emission 4 Officina 4
Date Minted – Middle to End 277 A.D.
References: Cohen 1. Bastien 195 (54 examples). RIC 17 Bust type F (Common)

Abundantia stands for abundance or plenty. Her attributes are ears of corn (grain) and cornucopiae. She is sometimes (as here) shown emptying the cornucopiae and sometimes shown seated. Her Greek name is Euthenia
1 commentsmaridvnvm
06869p00.jpe
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI, 204-181 B.C741 viewsMasterpiece portrait. SNG Cop lists a simliar coin in the same year, with an owl in the left field, for the mint of Citium, Cyprus (SNG Cop 588). At Salamis, the owl was also used in the left field on a coin of the Selukid king, Antiocus IV, 170-168 B.C. Our coin is unpublished in references held by FORVM.7 commentssalem
Maximinus II~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus II AE Follis741 viewsMaximinus II AE Follis

Attribution: RIC 66c Nicomedia
Date: AD 309 - 313
Obverse: IMP C GAL VAL
MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate
head rt.
Reverse : GENIO AV-GVSTI CH,
nude Genius standing lt. pouring
out patera w/ rt. hand and
holding cornucopia w/ lt., SMNA
in exergue
Size: 22mm
Weight: 5.7 grams

Noah's Coins
4 commentsNoah
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~2.jpg
HADRIANVS BRITANNICUS738 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913.
The reverse shows Hadrian addressing the troops in England, standing on a low plinth, clearly showing the Roman soldiers with their standards.
Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
Volusian_Pietas~0.JPG
Volusian Pietas738 viewsVolusian AR Antoninianus, Sear 2826 (1988), RIC 182, Van Meter 24, RSC IV 88
Obv:– IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PIETAS AVGG, Pietas, veiled, standing left, raising both hands; to left altar
251 - 253 AD, 22.25mm, 3.2g, Rome
Son of Trebonius Gallus

SCARCE
1 commentsRomanorvm
Carinus, Prinipi Iventius~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Carinus PRINCIPI IVVENTVT735 viewsEx Forum. Silvered antoninianus, RIC -, EF, 4.94g, 24.6mm, 180o, Ticinum mint, obverse M AVR CARINVS NOB C, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT, Carinus standing left holding standard and spear, IXXI? in exergue; struck with damaged die (exergue); very rare

Variety not listed in RIC. RIC lists holding globe and spear and other similar types, but not the combination of spear and standard.

Three specimens in the Venera Hoard, all with VXXI in exergue.
1 commentswolfgang336
_T2eC16V,!)QE9s3HFdodBQhF6YhUgQ~~60_57.JPG
Countermark on coin of Septimius Severus733 viewsSeptimius Severus AE45 medallion of Acrasus, Lydia. 43.5 gr.

AYT KAI L CEP CEOYHROC PER, laureate, draped cuirassed bust
right, countermark of Artemis Ephesia standing facing (Howgego 234.)
EPI CTRA ONHCIPFOROY APOLL TO B AKRACIWTWN (or [2] EPI CTR
FILODHMOY NOYMERIANOY AKRACIWTWN), Biga of stags right
with statue of Artemis Ephesia standing half right with supports.

SNG von Aulock 2883; Hirsch Collection 1571; [2] SNG Cop 6.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection
2 commentsSam
Mature_Caracalla_Portrait_7x-1.jpg
Roman, Caracalla * Mature731 views
Of all the Caracalla portraits, I’m most drawn to & fond of those which show him in his greatest maturity. This one, dated to 217 AD, the year of his death is about as ‘mature’ as one can get for the man.
This portrait strikes me as exceptionally handsome, which I well-imagine he was in reality, despite his ‘official portraiture’ which often suggests otherwise.

Too, I think some of his portraits, such as this one, suggest strongly a certain vanity in his masculine appearance – that he was well groomed and took considerable pride in his over-all appearance, quite despite his soldierly life-style.
Such vanity and the purposefulness of his official portraiture not withstanding, here I believe one beholds ‘Caracalla’ the man more as he was – an alpha male par excellence, and a devilishly handsome one.

Portrait from AR Denarius * Caracalla * Serapis
Mint: Rome
Struck: 217 AD.
Size: 19 mm.

RIC 291b
* Reverse of * RIC 289, pg. 255

Submitted by Tiathena
5 commentsTiathena
Curia.jpg
Italy, Rome - Curia728 viewsThe place where the Senate held its meetings.
Notice the three different kinds of marble used for the pavement. The beheaded statue should be Trajan's.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
2 commentsStrength And Honour
vcoin1616LG.jpg
Attica, Athens726 viewsAthens, ca. 449-413 BC. Silver tetradrachm.
Denomination : Silver tetradrachm.
Size : 23.7 x 24.3 mm Weight : 17.20 grams.
Reference : Sear-2526.
Grade : gVF and better centered than usual with a significant part of the crest showing.
Obverse : Head of Athena right.
Reverse : Owl standing right, with an olive sprig and crescent moon over its shoulder, with a AQE to the right.
Ex-Calgary Coin 1150
8 commentsecoli
taler-saxonia004.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, GERMANY, SAXONY, 1 TALER, 1624723 viewssilver coin with 28,70 grams
Ruler: Johann George (1615 - 1656)
Obv.:IOHAN:GEORG:D:G:DUX:SAX:IVL:CLIV:ETMONTI
Rev.:SA:ROM:IMP:ARCHIM:ETELECT 1624
Ref.: KM#132, Dav.: 7601
2 commentslincon r2
Pupeinus ric 10a.jpg
RIC-10(a) Pupienus Clasped Hands722 viewsIMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
CARITAS MVTVA AVGG - (Mutual Clarity of the Emperors), clasped hands

This is the scarcer variant of RIC 10. Superb portrait. David Sear ANCCS certified.
From Forum ancient Coins
12 commentsjimwho523
RI 132ma img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Lugdunum, RIC 64 Bust Type G722 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PRO-BI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, decorated with emperor riding past row of soldiers with shields
Rev:– ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII) Emission 5 Officina 4. End A.D. 277 to Early A.D. 278
References:– Cohen 69. Bastien 256 (2 examples). RIC 64 Bust Type G (S)
Appear to be an obverse die match to the plate example in Bastien.

Maridvnvm
9 commentsmaridvnvm
constantius_rate_qq22.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantius I Chlorus -- SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR718 viewsObv: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR
Exe: ST.
RIC Ticinum 46a
8 commentsroscoedaisy
latintrachy~0.JPG
BYZANTINE, Latin Trachy 1204-1261 Constantinople710 viewsObv: Bust of Christ
Rev: Archangel Michael
26-30 mm
Sear 2036
Coins of this type are usually poorly struck and/or severely clipped. Not this one!
From the collection of Laetvs
2 commentsLaetvs
Chersonese_Lion-Pentacle.jpg
Thracian Chersonese AR, Lion * Pentacle Hemiobol707 viewsThracian, Chersonese 480-350 BC.
Silver Hemiobol

Obv: Forepart of lion right, head reverted left, tongue protruding.
Rev: Quadripartite incuse square, pellet with ligate AΓ and Pentacle monograms.

Size: 14.10 x 13.4 mms.
Weight: 2.31 grams
Die Axis: 180°

Condition: Superb! Appears mint or near mint condition. I can’t imagine it looked much if at-all different the hour it was struck. Bright, clear, stunning luster, perfectly centered and well-struck in all areas on an excellent flan. Gorgeous coin which a mere photo cannot do justice.

Similar to: Sear Greek Coins and their Values (SG) Number sg1604/05
14 commentsTiathena
East Front of the Parthenon, Restored and Dissected.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, East Front of the Parthenon Restored and Dissected705 viewsJoe Sermarini
justinII_sear372_yr9.jpg
BYZANTINE, Justin II - Large follis705 viewsJustin II; Follis ; 32.5 mm, 15.9 g; Regnal year 9 = 573 - 574 AD; Sear #372
DN IVSTINVS PP AVG - Justin on left and Sophia on right, seated facing on a double throne, both nimbate. He holds a globus cruciger [orb], she holds cruciform sceptre.
Mint of Cyzicus - KYZ in exergue.

Bruce''s collection
8 commentsbruce61813
13729q00.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Papius. Denarius, 79 B.C.704 viewsObv: Head of Juno Sospita right, clad in goat's skin, control-symbol behind head.
Rev: Gryphon leaping right, control-symbol below, L PAPI in exergue.
RSC Papia 1 | CRR 733 | RCV I : 311.
11 commentsthe_Apostate
ConstantisBeaCSiscia.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constans - FL CONSTANTIS BEA C703 viewsFL CONSTANTIS BEA C
Bust laureated draped and cuirassed right

GLOR - IA EXERC - ITVS
Two soldiers standing, spear in outer hand, between them two standards

.DSIS.
Ric. vol VII, p.456 , 238 r1
12 commentsgb29400
Gordianus-III__AE-Sest_IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG_LIBERALITAS-AVG-II_S-C_Rome-240-RIC-269a_Q-001_17_91g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 269a, Rome, LIBERALITAS AVG II,703 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 269a, Rome, LIBERALITAS AVG II,
avers:- IMP-CAES-MANT-GORDIANVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LIBERALITAS-AVG-II, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and two cornucopiae; S-C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 17,91g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 240 A.D., ref: RIC-269a, C-136,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
titus_23~0.jpg
Titus RIC II, 23699 viewsJochen's Titus RIC II, 23
Titus 79 - 81
AR - Denar, 3.51g, 17mm
Rome 80
obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM
laureate head r.
rev. TRP IV IMP XV COS VIII PP
winged thunderbolt on nice draped table ('pulvinar' of Jupiter and Juno?)
RIC II, 23(b); C.314; BMCR.51
EF nice portrait

These issues show pulvinaria (pl.) prepared for the solemn lectisternium followed the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 which destroyed Pompeji and Herculaneum.
PULVINAR, seat, on which goods were offered to the gods at a lectisternium, a banquet.
LECTISTERNIUM, a 'laying out of couches', the name for a sacrifice conducted by the Romans at times of great public distress. Couches were set out and tables placed before them, and then images of the gods were laid upon the couches and a banquet set before them.
The thunderbolt, like the eagle, one of the main attributes of Jupiter.
Jochen
Maximianus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus abdication follis of Rome. RIC VI:119b696 viewsObv: D N MAXIMIANO BAEATISS SEN AVG. Laureate bust, dressed in imperial mantle, right, and holding olive-branch and mappa.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIESS AVGG. Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, right hand holding branch, left leaning on sceptre; S - F across field; in exergue, R T.
RIC VI : 119b (R2)
VERY RARE
2 commentsthe_Apostate
Louis XIV 1672 Prise de douze villes en Hollande.JPG
1672, Prise de douze villes en Hollande691 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVD MAG FRA ET NAV REX PP, CHERON on bust truncation.
Rev. The King in the guise of Sol, radiating light, seated right in a heavenly chariot pulled by three horses, surrounded by clouds. Around are aerlia views of twelve towns and forts captured in Holland SOLIS QVE LABORES on scroll above central design, the names of all twelve towns/forts around.

AE63. Engraved by Charles Jean Francois Cheron. ORIGINAL STRIKE, very rare.

Charles Jean Francois Cheron (1635-1698), one of the most distinguished artists of the school of Jean Warin, was born at Nancy and was trained by his father, Jean-Charles Cheron, engraver to Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Cheron went to Rome and became engraver of medals for Clement IX and Innocent X. Cheron's style in his Roman medals is of remarkable boldness, and his medals of Pope Clement IX and of Bernini are grandiloquent and among the finest Italian medals of the period. He returned to France in 1675 and was employed by Louis XIV at the Medal Mint at Paris for about twelve years, where he contributed several medals to the medallic series of the monarch, the Histoire Metallique. His medals are considered to be in an international baroque style.
11 commentsLordBest
06005q00.jpg
TEMPLE, NERO, Temple of Vesta690 viewsSilver denarius, S 1946, RIC 62, RSC 335, gVF, 3.42g, 16.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse VESTA, domed temple of Vesta, showing six columns, seated goddess inside. The temple of Vesta in the Roman FORVM was destroyed in the great fire of 64 A.D. Nero was affected by the cult of Vesta, having felt faint during a visit to the temple shortly before the fire. Nero rebuilt the shrine. His structure, the sixth on the site, survived until another fire late in the reign of Commodus.1 comments
AUST_NETH_1797_QUART_KRONTHL.jpg
AUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS690 viewsAUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS - Francis II (1792-1835) AR 1/4 Kronenthaler, 1797-B (Kremnitz Mint). Obv.: Bust of emperor right. "FRANC.II.D.G.R.I.S.A.GER.HIE.HVN.BOH.REX." Mintmark B below bust. Reverse: Cruciform figure, with crowns in top, right & left angles; Order of the Golden Fleece hangs at bottom angle. "ARCH.AVST.DVX.BVRG.LOTH.BRAB.COM.FLAN.1797. Reference: KM#60.dpaul7
apol1~2.JPG
GREEK, Apollonia Pontika688 viewsDiobol of Apollonia Pontika. Circa 400 BC. Reference: BMC 150-1. From the collection of Ghengis Jon.3 commentsGhengis_Jon
caligula_as_vesta.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caligula. As 684 viewsC CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
VESTA / S C

RIC 38 (C) ; COHEN 27


9 commentsfrederic W
Northwest Corner of the Parthenon.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, North West Corner of the Parthenon684 views1 comments
constantius~0.jpg
Constantius Gallus-Maiorina679 viewsThis is one of my coins that was mint in Sirmium. Coins mint in Sirmium are sharp, perfectly round, usually with great patina.Marcus Aurelius
Unlisted02.jpg
Roman Empire, Antoninus Pius AE As679 viewsAs of Antoninus Pius. Minted between 155 and 156 A.D. 10,7 gr. 25
mm. Choice Very Fine. Strong strike. Well centered. Choice high relief
portrait and reverse. Dark-green patina. Rare.

Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II. Laureate head right with
drapery on left shoulder.

Reverse: TR POT XIX COS IIII SC. Pax standing left holding branch
and cornucopiae.

Unlisted in BMC, Cohen, RIC and Sear !
4 commentsMiguel Diaz
norm_ValensFoureeSolidus3301Grams.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Valens, Fouree Solidus675 viewsValens Fouree AE Solidus with slight evidence of Gold gilding remaining on the coin. This coin is imitating an official Vlalens Solidus of the Antioch MintGunner
claudius_38.jpg
Claudius RIC I, 38671 viewsClaudius, AD 41 - 54
AV - Aureus, 7.71g, 18mm
Rome 46/47
obv. TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TRP VI IMP XI
laureate head r.
rev. PACI AVGVSTAE
Pax/Nemesis walking r., holding with l. hand caduceus
and point with it at snake at her feet; holding fold of the
robe before her chin
RIC I, 38; C.57; von Kaenel 628 (this specimen!)
R2; about VF
One of my favorite coins due to its pedigree:
ex. coll. Moritz Simon, Berlin
ex. Glandining & Co., London 1929, Nr.666
ex. Cahn, Ffm. 1930, Nr.232
ex. M&M, Basel

from Curtis Clay: Herbert Cahn, one of the greatest
German coin houses, had to flee from the Nazis to Switzerland

1 NEMESIS, Goddess of rightful distribution
2 CADUCEUS, holding caduceus to snake = welfare
3 The interpretation of N.'s gesture, holding fold of the robe to the chin as spitting in the neck and symbol for happiness, is doubtful. Rossbach thinks it may be a gesture of modesty!
This all stands for the politics of Claudius!
15 commentsJochen
Petra1.jpg
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury669 viewsI visited the ancient city of Petra in 1999, it is located in Jordan.
The Nabateers "build" this city in the dessert, all the temples and houses are carved in the soft rock.
When you have passed the Siq, the first temple you see is the Al-Khazneh Farun, or The Treasury.
3 commentspax
Balbinus_AR-Ant_IMP-CAES-D-CAEL-BALBINVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG-G_RIC-10_C-3_Q-001_23mm_3_82g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Balbinus (238 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 010, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G,668 views070 Balbinus (238 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 010, Rome, CONCORDIA AVG G,
avers:- IMP-CAES-D-CAEL-BALBINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Hands, in handshake.
exerg: , diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,82g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 238 A.D., ref: RIC-10, C-3,
Q-001
11 commentsquadrans
G3-R39-rome-bot.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gordian III - RIC 039 - Antoninianus - Virtus -Rome mint657 viewsIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG - Virtus standing left , holding spear & palm branch, chalmys on arm, shield against leg


AR Ant. Rome Mint 238 -240 AD Superb example of this boy emperor, and unbelievable reverse...
6 commentsjimwho523
088n.jpg
Youthful bust655 viewsUncertain mint. Commodus. Æ 23. A.D. 177-192. Obv: (...)AVP-KOM(...). Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev: Inscription obliterated. Female deity standing left, head right, left leg on object (?), holding palm-branch downwards; countermark in upper left field. Axis: 225°. Weight: 9.00 g. CM: Bare-headed youthful bust right, in circular punch, 6 mm. Howgego (?). Collection Automan.Automan
NeroPoppaea.jpg
Zeus, laureate head left655 viewsNero and Poppaea, 62 - 65 A.D., Galatia, Tavium
5476. Bronze AE 30, SGIC 662, SNG Von Aulock 6117, Cohen 315,2, aVF, 12.1g, 29mm, 45o, Galatia, Tavium mint, 62 - 65 A.D.; obverse NERWNOS SEBASTOU, laureate head of Nero right; reverse POPPIAS SEBASTHS, draped bust of Poppaea right; scarce; nice green patina with sandy earthen highlights, countermarked; sold. Numismatically Important Countermark. RPC discusses three different possible mint cities for this type: Ancyra, Pessinus and Tavium. A strong argument that Tavium is the mint city is the countermark on this coin. The countermark on this type is always a laureate head of Zeus. Generally, countermarks are applied at the same place as the original mint. Of the three cities, only Tavium had a temple of Zeus and minted coins with Zeus as a standard type.
whitetd49
08800p00.jpe
Roman Empire, Carus, early Sep 282 - c. Jul/Aug 283 A.D., Postumus Consecration Issue653 viewsThe consecratio altar type is not listed for Tripolis mint in references held by FORVM. A similar type is listed for Antioch.
1 commentssalem
Magnentius~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Magnentius. A.D.350-353. AE Centenionalis of Lugdunum. RIC VIII : 145.653 viewsObv. D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG. Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES. Two Victories standing facing each other, holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, Chi-Rho above, S P below; in exergue, RPLG.
5 commentsthe_Apostate
74- Licinius-1~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Licinius I Follis, Siscia RIC #8650 viewsAE Follis , 308-324 AD, Siscia mint.
Obv: IMP LIC LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev:IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Eagle at feet with wreath in beak , B left , SIS in exergue.
22mm, 3.6gm
RIC # 8
9 commentsjdholds
alien sombrero barbarous.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Late Roman Barbarous648 views2 commentsJericho
HADRIAN-BRITANICUS~0.jpg
Roman, HADRIAN, BRITANNICVS648 viewsSestertius of Hadrian, AD 122. EXERC BRITANNICVS SC ("For the army of Britain, by order of the Senate") RIC 913. Coin currently in the British Museum Department of Coins and Medals (gallery 49, case 14).
Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS 111 PP ("Hadrian Augustus, three times consul, father of his country")
5 commentsPetitioncrown
Zeus_Nikephoros.jpg
Zeus Nikephoros647 viewsThe image of Zeus with Nike (Zeus Nikephoros) was introduced by Seleukos I Nikator at Seleukeia on Tigris mint around 300 BC.

The initial iemissions from this mint in the name of Seleukos maintained the Zeus Aetophoros (eagle) reverse image typical of the earlier "Alexanders". However, shortly after the mint was established, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced, eventually replacing the Zeus Aetophoros image on Babylonian coinage. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This victory was the penultimate victory required to cement the Seleukid dynasty in a near unassailable position during the forty year struggle that ultimately saw Seleukos emerge as the most successful of the Diadochi.
Lloyd T
620739.jpg
TEMPLE, Q.Cassius Longinus, Temple of Vesta644 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8.9 commentsfeatherz
Nerone Sesterzio.jpg
Roman, Nero639 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC 517, C 268, BMC 328, S 1961, EF, 20.2g, 34.3mm, 180o, Lugdunum mint, 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust; reverse ROMA in ex, S - C in fields, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory, left arm resting on parazonium, shields behind; extraordinary portrait, dark green patina. Ex Forum4 commentsForza e Onore
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG_SARMATIA-DEVICTA_SIRM_RIC-VII-48-p-475-c3_C-x_Sirmium_th_-off__324-5-AD__Q-002_axis-6h_18-19,5mm_3,18g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine I (307-337 AD.) AE-3 Follis, SARMATIA DEVICTA, Sirmium, #2,638 viewsConstantinus-I (307-337 AD.) AE-3 Follis, SARMATIA DEVICTA,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG, 1,B1, Laureate head right.
rever:- SARMATIA-DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding trophy and palm.
exergo: SIR M,
diameter: 18-19,5mm,
weight: 3,18g,
mint: Sirmium,
axis: 6h,
date: 324-325 AD.,
ref: RIC-VII-48-p475,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Volusian_Mount_Gerizim.JPG
Volusian Mount Gerizim637 viewsVolusian, Samaria, Neapolis, (biblical name Shechem) current Nablus, 25mm,
Rosenberger 125, BMC 161 (Palestinian pg. 73), 251 - 253 AD,
OBV: AVT KAI Γ OVI TPEB OVOΛOVCIAN, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: ΦΛ NEAC - ΠOΛEWC, Mount Gerizem, with temple and altar, supported between wings of eagle,
Harl, Museum Notes 29, 1984, pl. 14, 146 (same obverse die A33, new reverse die of same type). SNG ANS 1031 (same obverse die, misattributed to Trebonianus Gallus)
Romanorvm
erf_rp1464.jpg
Roman Empire, Valerian II, AE21, Alexandria Troas636 viewsIMP LICI COR VALERIA, Bare-headed draped bust (of Valerian II) right / COL AVG TROA, Horse grazing right.

Bellinger --, Sear --, Lindgren & Kovacs --, Lindgren III --, SNG von Aulock --, SNG Copenhagen --, BMC --

Per Curtis Clay, also Cohen --, SNG Righetti --, SNG Leypold --, Winsemann Falghera --, Berk photofile --
3 commentsflinn
constantiusII_antiochia_132~0.jpg
Constantius II RIC VII, Antiochia 132627 viewsConstantius II, AD 324-362, son of Constantin I
AE - AE3, 5.56g, 24mm, Antiochia 11.officina, AD 350-355
obv. DN CONSTAN - TINVS PF AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, pearl-diademed head r., necklace
rev. FEL TEMP RE - PARATIO
Soldier spearing falling horseman, which stretching arm against him
(so-called FH3 type)
field left: Gamma
exergue: ANAI
RIC VIII, Antiochia 132; LRBC 2625
nice EF, nearly uncirculated

The reverse clearly shows a Parthian identified by his headgear. This issue most probably celebrates Constantius' victory in the battle of Singara AD 344 against the Sassanides where the Romans succeeded in capturing the successor of the throne.
6 commentsJochen
Best of Type.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Silver denarius of Q. Marcius Libo, 148 B.C.626 views22 commentsRomaVictor
nummuseum.jpg
Greece, Athens - Entrance to the Athens Numismatic Museum625 viewsThe former mansion of noted amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. What was inside those doors was truly marvelous.1 commentsmemphius
Ambrussum4.jpg
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - Bridge over Vidourle river.623 viewsUsed to have eleven arches and still used untill the middle ages. From this bridge the via Domitia goes upwards to the settlement1 commentsBohemond
Pupienus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Pupienus, denarius, RIC 1622 viewsIMP C M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG.Laureate bust of Pupienus
CONCORDIA AVGG.Concordia seated left,holding patera and two cornucopia
RIC-001, RSC-6, sear 2413, Rome mint April - June AD 238
8 commentsthe_Apostate
Caupona-b.jpg
Italy, Ostia - Caupona621 viewsBeautifully preserved, it seems to step back in time.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM_RIC-IV-III-147-p-31_C-160__Rome__243-244-AD_Q-001_axis-6h__21-25mm_5,21g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 147, Rome, MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right,621 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 147, Rome, MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- MARTEM-PROPVGNATOREM, Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield.
exerg: , diameter: 21-25mm, weight: 5,21g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 243-244 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III-147, p-31, C-160,
Q-001
quadrans
SeverusAlexanderDenarius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Severus Alexander Denarius621 viewsLaureate head of Severus Alexander right, IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG / Mars advancing right, MARS VLTOR. RIC 246; BMCRE 833.4 commentssocalcoins
06869p00~0.jpe
Greek, Ptolemy VI, 204-181 B.C617 views6869. Silver tetradrachm, BMC-, SNG Cop -, gVF, 13.87g, 26.2mm, 40o, Salamis, Cyprus mint, 177-176 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, owl in left field, LE (regnal year 5) over SA (Salamis mint, Cyprus) in right field; superb portrait, fantastic style, extremely rare, possibly unique;3 commentssalem
Copan Stele.jpg
New World, Maya, Copan, Honduras616 viewsMayadigger - The most Southern City of the ancient Maya was Copan, "Zotz" in Maya. The name Zotz means "Bat." Cppan was the "Paris" of the Maya world. The archetecture and entablature was just superb. Seen in this photo, we see the stele of Yax Kuk Mo, "Blue Quetzal Macaw." As it turned out, Yax Kuk Mo came from Teotihuacan, in the Valley of Mexico. An imported Prince as it were...2 commentsMayadigger
Seleucuspreclean~0.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, King Seleucus I609 viewsTet 305-300BC 4 commentsalexB
elagabal_88_2.jpg
Elagabal mint of Rome606 viewsElagabal AD 218-222
Denar RIC 88; C.61; BMC 212; rev. INVICTVS SACEDOS AVG

The star in the left field, a symbol of the sun-god, stands for the mint of Rome (Curtis Clay)
1 commentsJochen
constans_siscia114.jpg
Constans RIC VIII, Siscia 114604 viewsConstans 337 - 350, son of Constantin I
AV - Solidus, 4.46g, 20mm
Siscia AD 342
obv. FL IVL CONS - TANS PF AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, rosette-diademed head r.
rev. OB VICTORIAM TRIVMPHALEM
2 Victories standing facing, holding between them shield inscribed
with VOT X MVL XX in four lines (var. A)
exergue: SIS star
RIC VIII, Siscia 114; C.90
R3; EF, with no signs of circulation or wear except daggers mark across
lower revers

Allusion to the victory in the war against the Franks 341/342
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
9 commentsJochen
Faustina.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, FAUSTINA JUNIOR Denarius. RIC III : 712. 604 viewsObv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Diademed bust of Faustina facing right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICIT. Two children, Commodus and Antoninus, seated on throne, with globe between them.
8 commentsthe_Apostate
commodus.jpg
Commodus as Hercules597 viewsThis magnificent statue depicts the Emperor Commodus as Hercules. Currently on display at the Musei Capitolini in Rome. Commodus also minted coins with him as Hercules.Titus Pullo
OTA484-6.png
03. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC597 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.64gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
constantineI_RICvii225s_plg.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Lugdunum596 viewsConstantine I:
CONSTAN_TINVS AVG
PROVIDEN_TAE AVGG
PLG - Lugdunum (Lyons, FR); 6 rows, 2 turrets, star
RIC vii225 Scarce,rarer varient with pellet in doorway, page 136; 20 mm, 3.1 grams
3 commentsbruce61813
Vitellius_Concordia.JPG
Vitellius Concordia594 viewsVitellius Concordia Denarius, 18.79mm, 2.8g
OBV: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TRP, laureate head right
REV: CONCOR-DIA PR, Concordia seated left holding patera and cornucopiae
RIC I - 90, BMCRE 20, RSC 18

RARE
Romanorvm
parisvonlondron002.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1621591 viewsSilver coin with 28,78 grams
Ruler: Paris von Londron (1619 - 1653)
OBV.: SANCTVS.RVDBERTVS.SPS SALISBV:1621
REV.: PARIS:D:G:ARCHI ESP.SAL:SEAPLE:
Ref.: KM 61, Dav.: 3497, Probszt: 1189
1 commentslincon r2
036n.jpg
Youthful bust590 viewsUncertain mint. Æ 22. Countermark. Worn nearly smooth. Weight: 9.77 g. CM: Youthful, bare-headed bust right, in rectangular punch, 4 x 5.5 mm. Howgego - (?). Collection Automan.Automan
MISC_Austria_Albrecht_II_L_140.JPG
Austria. Albert II (the Wise), Duke of Austria and Styria (1330-1358)590 viewsLuschin/Szego 140, CNA B 236.

AR Pfennig, Vienna mint, 14-15 mm.

Obv: Hare facing left.

Rev: Shield.

“Until the 12th century, coins were needed above all for exports; daily transactions were generally barter transactions. As the economy began to operate increasingly on the principle of the division of labor and as cities began to grow, money started to acquire more and more importance for regional trade. Municipal records show that even in Austria under Babenberg rule, money payments to feudal lords began to replace payments in kind. The growing monetarization of society ushered in a new phase in the history of coins. Monetary systems became regionalized. The denar, formerly used for external trade and exports, was replaced by the regional pfennig. New monetary borders came into existence, within which the rulers with coinage rights tried to enforce the compulsory, exclusive use of their own coins. Under Babenberg rule, the Vienna pfennig was accorded the role of regional money used in Austria. The Vienna pfennig came into its own when the mint was moved from Krems to Vienna at the end of the 12th century. It served as a means of payment for daily monetary transactions and remained a monetary unit even when large foreign coins were used to settle the growing volume of trade transactions – gold coins such as the Venetian or Florentine ducat and large silver coins like the Prague groschen. In the course of the 14th century, it became established as a currency in nearly the entire area covered by modern-day Austria, with the exception of Tyrol and Vorarlberg.” (“Money and Trade during the Era of the Silver Pfennig.” Oesterreichische Nationalbank

“It is assumed that most of the 13th and 14th century reverses are not legible at all. This is entirely normal as the obverses were usually struck after the reverses.” (Szego, at 52). The reverse of this issue was the arms of mintmaster Heinrich Schucheler (per Jean Elsen, List 263 Lot 395).
Stkp
Max-I-Pax-Ric-12.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximinus I - Pax588 viewsIMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right;
PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left holding branch and scepter;

Silver denarius, RIC 12, choice EF, 2.62g, 20.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 235-236 A.D. nicely centered, flat area on obverse drapery ex Scott Collection; from Forum.
4 commentsjimwho523
0010-010a.JPG
Roman republic, Didrachm586 viewsDidrachm struck in Rome, circa 269-266 BC
Obv : diademed head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin and with club on shoulder
Rev : ROMANO at exergue. She-wolf suckling Remus and Romulus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24

This silver didrachm is supposed to be the first silver coinage struck under the authority of the roman republic. Mr Crawford found 136 ex of this coin, with 18 different dies for the obverse and 24 for reverse
2 commentsPotator II
pubtoilets.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Public Toilets585 viewsMinus the slaves to warm the seats in winter and the live entertainment1 commentsmemphius
titus dolphin.JPG
Roman, Titus581 viewsTitus, AR denarius, Rome Mint, A.D. 80
BMCRE 72, RSC 309
Obv - Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev - Dolphin coiled around anchor.
7 commentsVespasian70
LIVIA-1.jpg
Livilla??, Wife of Drusus, c. 13 BC-AD 31.579 viewsÆ Dupondius under Tiberius (28 mm, 14.23 gm). Struck circa 22/3 AD.
Obv: PIETAS, veiled, diademed and draped bust of Livilla as Pietas right.
Rev: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVGVSTI F TR POT ITER around large S C.
RIC I 43 (Tiberius); BMCRE 98; BN 74; Cohen 1; Sear 1741; Vagi 477.

The identity of this female portrait remains controversial, and has been identified as Livia (RIC, Sear), Livilla (Vagi) and Vipsania (Jasper Burns).
4 commentsEmpressCollector
Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, Parthenon, Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze579 views
Constantine I Sol SIC Trier 310-313 (RIC VII Trier 873) 22.2mm - BenB.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I Soli Invicto Comiti Trier 310-313578 viewsObv: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Rev: SOLI INVIC-TO COMITO
Left field: T
Right field: F
Exe: PTR
Bust: LC
Size: 22.2mm

Sol facing, head left; chlamys draped over left shoulder; holding globe.

Attribution: RIC VII Trier 873, minted 310-313 AD

From the collection of BenB
8 commentsBenB
bpCH1M4C2.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine Jr577 viewsObv: Anepigraphic
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: CONSTANTINVS CAESAR
Legend in three lines. Star above, dot below.
2.1 gm, 18 mm, mintmark: */ /SMANTΓ/ /•
Comment: Previously attested on Forum ID board.
Unlisted officina for gamma.
Submitted by Massanutten
1 commentsMassanutten
CALIGULA-1.jpg
Caesonia (?), wife of Caligula, died 41 CE577 viewsÆ (28 mm, 11.17 g) of Carthago Nova, Spain.
Obv: C CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC. IMP. PM. TRP. COS. Laurate head of Caligula, right.
Rev: CN. ATEL. FLAC. CN. POM. FLAC. II VIR. Q.V.I.N.C. Head of Caesonia (as Salus) right, SAL AVG across field.
SGI 419; Heiss 272,35; Cohen 247,1.

Though this coin is reputed to portray Caesonia, this is not likely for its obverse is dated TR P COS = 37 AD, yet Caligula did not marry Caesonia until late 39! RPC 185 calls the lady Salus, but also mentions possible IDs with Antonia or Livia (p. 92).
EmpressCollector
DSC00501.JPG
Italy, Rome - Arch of Titus577 viewsArch of Titus in Rome depicting the spoils of Jerusalem's temple.
Photo taken September 2005
Titus Pullo
plautillafdc.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Plautilla AR Denarius Superb UNC577 viewsRome mint, Issue II, AD 202. PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, Bust, draped, hair coiled in ridges, either vertical or horizontal and fastened in bun at back/CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia standing l., holding patera and scepter. RIC 363a, Sear 7065, BMC 236,411-414, RSC-1, Cohen-1, Hill 583. UNC, full proof like luster.10 commentsLordBest
victory.jpg
Victory - British Museum577 viewsA small bronze Victory - 1st CenturyBacchus
Kyrenaikadidrachm.jpg
GREEK, Kyrenaika, AR Didrachm575 viewsExcellent Kyrenaikan Didrachm from Magistrate/Ptolemy I period.6 commentsalexB
taler-leopuldus-1632.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, Archduke Leopold, TALER, 1632575 viewsSilver coin with 27,60 grams
Ruler: Erzherzog Leopold (1618)-1625 - 1632
Hall Mint - Tyrol
Obv.: LEOPOLDVS:D:G:ARCHIDVX:AVSTI AE 1632
Rev.: DVX.BVRGVNDI.COMES.TIROLI
Ref.: Km#804.2
1 commentslincon r2
CrispusVirtus.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, CRISPUS -- Virtus -- Treveri Mint570 viewsCRISPVS NOB CAES His cirassed bust with helmet right
VIRTVS EXERCIT Star // STR

Large flan -- best Style of treveri

RIC. 255 R4

gb29400
2 commentsgb29400
Justinianus D~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Justinianus I.570 viewsJustinianus
AU Solidus
Obv: DNIVSTINANVSPPAVI - Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
Rev: VICTORIAAVGGGI Exe: /CONOB - Victory standing facing, holding cross and globus cruciger. 527-538 (Constantinople).
2 commentsTanit
b128Halab580.JPG
Saladin565 viewsSaladin (Salah al-Din)
Ayyubid
Dirham Halab (Aleppo) 580AH/1184AD

Recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders and defeated their armies at Hittin in 1187.
1 commentsbarrage
SALONINA-3.jpg
Doe, a deer--a female deer!564 viewsSalonina -- Died AD 268. Wife of Gallienus. Augusta, AD 254-268.

Billon antoninianus. Rome mint.
Obv: COR SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent.
Rev: IVNONI CONS AVG, doe walking left, delta in exergue. RIC 16, Cohen 70; Sear 3041.
7 commentsEmpressCollector
Caracalla_Mars_Def.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Silver Denarius "Mars, the defender" * 196-217 AD *563 views
Caracalla, "Mars*, the defender."
AR Denarius
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate head right
Rev: MARTI PROPVGNATORI – Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy

Mint: Rome
Struck: 213 AD

Size: 18 mm.
Weight: 4.5 grams(?)
Die axis: 180 deg.

RIC IVi, 223 (s) Scarce; Cohen 150; D. Sear II, 6819; pg. 521
SCARCE

* Olympian
Tiathena
DiocletianFollis~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diocletian Follis563 viewsLaur head right, IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG / Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right holding patera and cornucopiae in left, GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI; K in left field, V in right field, delta mint mark. RIC VI 54a (Antioch).4 commentssocalcoins
normal_rjb_wolf2_01_05~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, Urbs Roma, VRBS ROMA Wolf and Twins AE3562 viewsObverse: VRBS-ROMA Helmeted hear of Roma left
Reverse: Wolf and Twins left, branch between two stars above
Exergue: TRP
Mint: Trier
Attribution: RIC VII Trier 561
Rarity: C3
A common coin but one that I'm fond of.
Mauseus
5 commentsmauseus
CoxCombs.jpg
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala, Cox Combs above the rain forest557 viewsMayadigger - The cox-comb roofs of a number of towering pyramids show just above the gigantic mahagony and giant fig trees of the Peten forest. These threes are full of parrots, toucans, and howler and spider monkeys. As far as I was concerned, my only thoughts were as how I was to get back down without breaking my neck!3 commentsMayadigger
DSCN3469.JPG
Roman, Constantine I557 viewsA truly magnificent portrait. RIC VII, Arles Mint, 3452 commentsMayadigger
Germanicus_AE-Dup_GERMANICVS-CAESAR_SIGNIS-RECE-DEVICTIS-GERM_S-C_RIC-57_-7_BMC-94_40-41-AD_Q-001_27mm_12,77g-s.jpg
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left, 556 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left,
"My Father received the title as conqueror of Germany from the Senate and people of Rome".
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus in triumphal quadriga right.
revers:- SIGNIS-RECEPT/DEVICTIS-GERM, large S-C across field, Germanicus advancing left holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
date: Struck under Caligula 40-41AD.
mint: Rome
diameter: 27mm
weight: 12,77g
ref: RIC-57, C-7, BMC-94,
Q-001
12 commentsquadrans
augustus_322.jpg
Augustus RIC I, 322553 viewsAugustus 27 BC - AD 14
AR - Denar, 3.83g, 20mm, Rome 19 BC, by moneyer Q Rustius
obv. Q RVSTIVS - FORTVNA, ANTIAT (in ex., hard to see!)
Busts, draped, jugate, r., of Fortuna Victrix, helmeted, holding patera in l.
hand, and Fortuna Felix, wearing stephane;
both busts rest on bar terminating at each end in a ram' s head
rev. CAESARI . AVGVSTO
A highly ornamented rectangular altar with a bowl on it, inscribed in front
FOR.RE
ex.: EX.S.C.
RIC I, 322; BMCR 2
R2; about VF, toned

FORTVNA ANTIATIS, Fortuna of Antium, one of the most important places of Fortuna worshipping, as two goddesses, sisters, FORTVNA VICTRIX, more male, and FORTVNA FELIX, more female. Or as two aspects of only one goddess?
On the rev. the altar of FORTVNA REDVX, erected by the Senatus for the lucky return of Augustus 19BC with the 53 standards from the Parthians in Rome near the Porta Capuana.
Q Rustius celebrates Augustus and his own hometown Antium.
4 commentsJochen
wildman.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, Germany, BRAUNSCHWEIG - WOLFENBÃœTTEL, 1 TALER, 1609553 viewsSilver coin with 28,66 grams
Ruler.: Heinrich Julius (1589 - 1613)
Obv.: HONESTVM PRO PATRIA 1609
Rev.: HENRICVS. IVLIVS.D:G:P.EP.HA.DVX.BRVNS.ETLV
ref.: Welter: 645, Dav.: 6285
2 commentslincon r2
Julianus avfällingen, ae .jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II, AE1 Thessalonica. RIC VIII : 225552 viewsObv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SECVRITAS REIPVB. Bull, head facing, standing right; above, two stars; in exergue, TESA between two laurel branches.
Rare.
1 commentsthe_Apostate
Philippus_Sestertius.jpg
Philippus I., Rome mint, struck 249 AD, Æ Sestertius551 viewsIMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
AETERNITAS AVGG, SC elephant advancing left, led by cornak, holding staff and goad
RIC 167a; Cohen 18
2 commentsdupondius
122 Constantine Sicia RIC 84~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Siscia RIC 84550 viewsAE3, 319 AD
Obv: CONSTANT-INVS AVG, Cuirassed bust left wearing high crested helmet and holding shield and spear.
Rev: VICT(dot) LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR over alter.
(dot) ASIS(dot) in exergue.
19mm, 3.8 gm.
RIC 84, Rated R1
5 commentsjdholds
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-266_p-_BMCRE-335_C-222_Rome-203-04-AD_Q-001_17-19mm_3,79g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, 549 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Rome, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G, The Dea Caelestis, wearing elaborate headdress, looking right, riding right on lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, below, water gushing from rocks at left.
exe: INCARTH,
date: 203-04 A.D.,
mint: Rome,
diameter: 17-19mm,
weight: 3,79g,
axis: 1h,
ref: RIC-IV-I-266, p-, C-222, BMCRE-335,
Q-001
5 commentsquadrans
germanicus_57.JPG
Germanicus RIC I, (Gaius) 57547 viewsGermanicus, died AD 19, brother of Claudius, father of Gaius Caligula
AE - Dupondius, 16.7g, 31mm, Rome AD 41-54
obv. GERMANICVS/CAESAR in two lines across field
Germanicus bare-headed and in military cloak standing r. in a slow-quadriga
ornamented with Victory holding wreath.
rev. SIGNIS - RECEPT/DEVICTIS - GERM/S- C in three lines, between them Germanicvs bare-headed in tunika standing l., r. hand raised for greeting, in l.
hand eagle-sceptre
RIC II, (Gaius) 57; C.7; BMCR. 94
VF, nice patina!

This issue commemorates the triumph of Germanicus AD 17 due to his rather poor successful campaigns against the Germans, where he regains 2 of the 3 signs of the 17., 18. and 19. legion which were lost AD 9 by Varus in the battle of Teutoburg Forest. On the battlefield he let collect the mortal remains of the dead and built a big tomb.
For Latin scholars: The grammar structure on the rev. is the infamous 'ablativus absolutus' and we find a nice Chiasmus, a crossing of words.
3 commentsJochen
0400-220~0.jpg
SHRINE, Volusian, Antoninianus546 viewsMinted in Rome in AD 252
IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate and draped bust of Volusian right
IVNONI MARTIALI, Juno seated within a distyle shrine, * in right field
3,60 gr
Ref : RCV # 9750, Cohen #45

The precise location of this shrine could be in the Campus Martius, or in the Campus Martialis (see RCV III, p 241, note under # 9730)
4 commentsPotator II
carinus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carinus AE Ant - Rare Possibly Unpublished Variant544 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia. M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right/ FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field, XXI in ex. CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
Diadumenianus1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diadumenianus544 viewsfr: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES. Bare-headed and draped bust right
re: PRINC IVVENTVTIS. Diadumenian standing half-left, head right, holding standard and sceptre; two standards behind.
RIC IVii 102
5 commentspax
Iulianus-Büste.JPG
Roman, Julian II. Apostata AE1544 viewsIulianus II. Apostata AE1, struck 361-363 AD at Antioch mint, 2. officinae.
Obv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
(Rev: SECVRITAS REI PVB, bull standing right, two stars above.
Ex: ANTB(palm))
Ø 27-29 mm, 7.79 g.
Antioch RIC VIII 216

My favourite portrait in my collection...
9 commentsPscipio
Alexander_temnos_tetradrachm~0.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great Tetradrachm543 viewsOne of the best examples of a temnos tetradrachm that I have seen. It has a high-relief beautifully-struck centered obverse, and as well as a wonderfully-struck reverse. Still boasts a mint lustre and nice toning.5 commentspeterpil19
Ambrussum2.jpg
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.543 viewsSee those wagontracks as road goes upwards from the bridge towards the settlement on the top of the hillBohemond
Commemorative_AE-follis_URBS-ROMA_dot_SISdot_RIC-VII-240-p-456-c3_Siscia_334-5-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_16mm_2,02g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, City Commemorative, URBS ROMA, AE-follis, Siscia,543 viewsCommemorative AE-follis, URBS ROMA,
avers: - URBS-ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers: - She-wolf left with twins,
exe: • Γ SIS •,
diameter: 16mm,
weight: 2,02g,
axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia,
date: 334-5 A.D.,
RIC-VII-240, p:456, c3
Q-001
quadrans
agrippa_58.jpg
Agrippa RIC I, Gaius 58541 viewsAgrippa, died 12 BC, friend and son-in-law of Augustus
AE - As, 10.84g, 22.5mm
Rome, undated
obv. M AGRIPPA L F COS III
head l., with corona rostrata
rev. Neptune standing l., cloaked, r. holding small dolphin,
l. vertical trident
S C l. and r.
RIC I, Gaius 58; C.3; BMCR (Tiberius)161
about VF, black patina

CORONA ROSTRATA (or CORONA NAVALIS), a crown decorated with prows, dedicated to Agrippa due to the victory over Sextus Pompeius in the naval battle of Naulochos 36 BC.
Jochen
Roman-Bridge2.jpg
France, Sommiéres - Roman bridge540 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
Ambrussum1.jpg
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.539 viewsVia Domitia winding its way uphillBohemond
constantiusII_RICvii84r2_smhb.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantius II539 viewsConstantiuvs II; 326 AD, RIC vii 84 R2
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOBC
PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, SMHB pellet [Heraclea] in exergue.
20 mm, 3.1 g; 5 rows, 2 turrets, star. Only very minor damage ue to corrosion on reverse side over the "VSN" portion of the inscription.
3 commentsbruce61813
Trajans Column.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Column539 views
Nero Sesterzio Partaiani.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, sesterius538 viewsNero, Sestertius. On reverse the temple of Janus with closed doors. Nero was a pacifist, he was proud that during his reign there was peace, so the doors of the temple were closed. 3 commentsPLINIUS
Alexander-Helix-b.jpg
Italy, Ostia - Alexander and Helix's inn537 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
ZOE-1.jpg
Zoe, mother of Constantine VII, 913-959 CE.537 viewsÆ Follis (23.7 mm, 5.15 g). Constantinople mint. Struck 914 - 919 CE.
Obv: +CONSTANT CE ZO Hb, Facing busts of Constantine, wearing loros, and Zoe, clad in chlamys, both crowned and holding long cross between them.
Rev: +CONS/TANTINO/ CE ZOH bA/SILIS RO/MEON.
Sear 1758; Berk 928; DOC 22.
EmpressCollector
Constantine I VOTXX MVLT XXX~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine I, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC 32 variety536 viewsobv: CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, Bust l. cuir. w/ spear over rt. shoulder
rev:VOTXX / MVLT / XXX / TS[delta] in wreath
RIC Thessalonica 32 var. R5
aEF

This legend break is unrecorded for this type- in combination with extremely rare bust type and scarce reverse type. A fantastically rare coin.
5 commentswolfgang336
Myrina~0.jpg
GREEK, Myrina Tetradrachm536 viewsMyrina, Aeolis, AR-Tetradrachm, struck after 165 BC.
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev: MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios standing right, holding branch in left hand and phiale in right, omphalos and amphora at feet; monogram to left.
Ø 34 mm, 16.52 g.
Sacks Issue 39, BMC Troas 13.
Almost EF, minor porosity, recently cleaned.
10 commentsPscipio
youth.jpg
Greek Youth - British Museum536 viewsGreek statue of a youth with a 'bowl' haircut2 commentsBacchus
45 -Rheskuporis II Sestertius~0.JPG
GREEK, QUASI-AUTONOMOUS, Bosporus, Rhescuporis II, Sestertius535 viewsAE 48 Nummi or Sestertius. 69-93 AD
Obv: King Rhescuporis II standing right, left foot on prisoner kneeling; on right, trophy; on left, another kneeling prisoner, hands tied behind his back.
Rev: Nike standing left, holding wreath and palm.
26mm
RPC 473
2 commentsjdholds
constantine8.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I the Great, Thessalonica, RIC VII 154535 viewsI have seen better gates, but the portrait is quite stunning. I will regret selling this for the rest of my life.
3 commentsjbaran
Peru. 1.5.jpg
New World, Peru 1.5533 viewsMore Cyclopean Stones with Sheri showing their size...3 commentsMayadigger
Ptolemy_VI_Philometer~0.jpg
Ptolemy VI Philometer/ VIII Euergetes533 viewsPtolemy VI Philometer Silver Tetradrachm
Struck under the joint reign of Ptolemy VI and Ptolemy VIII, 170-164 B.C.
Alexandria mint
26mm 13.7g 0degrees
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1489, SNG Cop. 262-268.
High relief dies.
8 commentskypros84
cassia2.jpg
Q. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius532 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8. Triton VI, Lot 739.

CNG's historical take on these coins: The reverse of this attractive type alludes to an incident in 113 BC, in which the College of Ponftiffs acquitted two Vestal Virgins, allegedly improperly, on charges of incest, while condemning a third. An ancestor of the moneyer was called in to investigate the affair. The curule chair under the circular temple alludes to the judicial power given to the investigator; the urn to the left and the tablet to the right inscribed A/C (for Absolvo and Condemno) is the ballot used by jurors to vote for guilt or innocence.
1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Aphrodite _ British Museum.jpg
Aphrodite530 viewsMarble statue of a naked Aphrodite crouching at her bath1 commentsBacchus
julian_bull_qq22.jpg
Bull - Julian II The Apostate529 viewsDN FL CL IVLI-ANVS PF AVG
SECVRITAS REI PVB
(feather)NIKB.(feather)
RIC VIII 122 Nicomedia

Bull, head facing, standing right; above, two stars

There is still some dirt on this coin which is what shows the mottled appearance. The coin is in remarkable condition, however with high relief and detail.

--Fred (Roscoedaisy)
3 commentsroscoedaisy
029.jpg
Constantine I GLORIA528 viewsTanit
Caracalla denarius, unofficial~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, Unofficial denarius524 viewsCaracalla, AD 211-217
AR Denarius - 19mm, 4.15g
unofficial mint, c. 212 AD
laureate bust r.
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l.
P M TR P XV COS III P P
ancient imitation

"It is an ancient imitation, as style and composition show. That explains the hybrid titulature, GERM on obv. but only TR P XV on rev.

Rev. appears to be P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated l., holding wheat ears over modius in r. hand, cornucopia in l. " - Curtis Clay
Ardatirion
Picture_33.jpg
GREEK, Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI Philometor521 viewsSilver Tetradrachm
Alexandria mint
Struck c. 170-164 B.C.
27mm 14.2g
Obv: Diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis.
Rev: PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, eagle standing left on thunderbolt.

Svoronos 1489; SNG Copenhagen 265

8 commentsmihali84
0740-310a.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, VALENTINIAN II AE2 RIC 52520 viewsConstantinople mint, 4th officina
D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust of Valentinian, holding spear in right hand
GLORIA RO-MANORUM, Valentinain standing on a galley, driven by a victory, Wreath in field, CON delta at exergue
4.93 gr
Ref : RIC # 52, Cohen #22, RC #4161, LRBC #2151
Very light orange patina
11 commentsPotator II
Iulianus.JPG
lr9. Iulianus II. Apostata AE1517 viewsIulianus II. Apostata AE1, struck 361-363 AD at Antioch mint, 2. officinae.
Obv: D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SECVRITAS REI PVB, bull standing right, two stars above.
Ex: ANTB(palm)
Ø 27-29 mm, 7.79 g.
Antioch RIC VIII 216

I love this one. And it's even nicer in hand.
12 commentsPscipio
constantiusII_58~0.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII, Alexandria 58516 viewsConstantius II 324 - 361, son of Constantin I
AE - AE 3, 4.68g, 21mm
Alexandria 2. officina, 348 - 350
obv. DN CONSTA - NTIVS PF AVG
draped bust, pearl-diademed head l., holding globe with r.
rev. FEL TEMP - REPARATIO
helmeted soldier walking r., head l., holding reversed spear l. and
leading young barbarian out of his hut, tree behind
exergue: ALEB
RIC VIII, Alexandria 58; C.53
VF, sandpatina
added to www.wildwinds.com

This issue celebrates the fact that AD 342 under Constans the Franks were taken over the Rhine and settled in Taxandria (Belgium). This was a peaceful act (the barbarian would not been dragged but guided!) done by negotiations and the Franks had to fight for the Romans.
Jochen
Bactria,_Antimachos_I_AR_Tetradrachm~1.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1E515 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘE[OY] ANTIMAXOY Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, HA monogram in inner right field.
Bopearachchi Series 1E; SNG ANS 278 (monogram variant); Mitchiner 124a; Sear 7542.
(32 mm, 17.14 g, 12h)
Provenance, based on Bopearachchi: Freeman & Sear FPL 11, Spring/Summer 2006; ex- Muhammad Riaz Barber Coll.; ex- Peshawar bazaar (April 1996); ex-Kuliab Hoard (1996)

The Kuliab Hoard from which this coin derives was found in clandestine (1995/6) excavations on an ancient site in the vicinity of Kuliab, Tajikistan, 8-10 km from Qizil Mazar, in the valley of the Qizil Su, on the right bank of the Oxus. The inferred find site is located about 80 km northeast of the famed ancient site Ai Khanoum on the left bank of the Oxus, a key Greco-Bactrian foundation.

The hoard reputedly consisted of 800 coins of which 250 were described by Bopearachchi in his paper. The hoard, consisted dominantly of small denomination silver and contained coins from the time of Seleukos I down to the time of Eukratides I. Almost all the coins were of Bactrian origin. It appears to have been a savings hoard that was closed around 145 BC, probably co-incident with the invasion of nomadic peoples from the north.

The Kuliab Hoard represents one of the easternmost finds of Graeco-Bactrian coins, proof that Bactrian influence extended well into the western Himalayan Valleys of Tajikistan to the north northeast of Ai Khanoum.

Probably my finest tetradrachm - the male equivalent Mona Lisa of coinage!
11 commentsLloyd T
0240-310np_noir.jpg
Severus Alexander, Sestertius514 viewsSestertius struck in Rome in AD 231
IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate bust of Severus Alexander righ, with light drapery on left shoulder
IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, with a small figure of the emperor at his feet, SC in field
14.75 gr
Ref : RCV #7966, Cohen # 74
17 commentsPotator II
0021-030~0.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, JULIUS CAESAR denarius512 viewsDenarius minted in Italy, c.49 BC
CAESAR, elephant walking rigth, trampling on snake
No legend, Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and apex
4.05 gr
Ref : HCRI # 9, RCV #1399, Cohen #49
19 commentsPotator II
phillip_four.jpg
512 viewsareich
RI 136f img~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Numerian - PACATOR ORBIS - Bust Type F - RIC unlisted (Lugdunum)512 viewsObv:– IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATO-R ORBIS, Emperor advancing right, holding shield and sword, captive, cowering beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe) Emission 9 Officina 3. Summer A.D. 284
Reference:– Cohen 41 (30 F). Bastien 618 (2 examples). RIC Unlisted.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
IVLIANVS-4~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julian II, AE1 Antioch511 viewsJulian II. 360-363 AD. AE1 (8.89 gm). Antioch mint, 4th officina. DNFLCLIVLI-ANVSPFAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVB, bull standing right, two stars above; (palm) ANTD (palm).
RIC VIII 216; LRBC 2640.
Grade: good VF, dark brown patina.
BEAUTIFUL PORTRAIT STYLE!
I can not understand why the coin was graded as gVF only - there are no any visible traces of circulating.
The most perfect portrait of Julian which I have seen ever. If you do not agree, show me better!
13 commentsIVLIANVS
Bactria,_Demetrios_I_Tetradrachm_~0.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Demetrios I, ca. 195-175 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1C510 viewsDiademed and draped bust of Demetrios right, wearing elephant skin head dress. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY (of King Demetrios). Herakles standing facing, crowning himself, holding club and lion skin; PK monogram to inner left
Bopearachchi Series 1C; SNG ANS 187; Mitchiner 103d; Qunduz 28-33; Sear 7526.
(33 mm,16.68 g, 12h)
ex-CNG

At 33mm diameter this is a big coin, for an undoubtedly big man, despite him scoring only two sentences of mention in the surviving ancient written historical record.
16 commentsLloyd T
Gallienus~0.jpg
Gallienus Antoninianus510 viewsGallienus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 207k
Date: 267-268 AD
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG; radiate bust rt.
Reverse: IOVICONS AVG; goat stg. lt.; stigma in exergue
Size: 17 mm
Weight: 2.5 grams
Noah
Constantine I VOT XX Heraclea 324 - BenB.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I VOT XX Heraclea509 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG
Rev: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG
Center field: VOT / X • X / star
Exe: SMHB

Attribution: RIC VII Heraclea 60, minted 324 AD

From the collection of BenB
5 commentsBenB
Diocletianus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Diocletian, Antoninianus. Rome RIC V (ii) : 162508 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG. Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; in exergue, XXIB.
2 commentsthe_Apostate
Four_Cons_Ob.JPG
Antioch mint Portrait Style508 viewsFour coins from Anitoch mint. Typical 'hook-nosed' portraits.Kevin_S
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_RIC-IV-III-84-p-25_C-109_Rome_241-243-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_21-23mm_3,71g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 084, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter,507 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 084, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left, facing right, holding scepter and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-84, p-25, C-109, c3,
Q-001
quadrans
Julius Caesar~0.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Julius Caesar507 viewsR5384
ROMAN IMPERATORIAL: Julius Caesar, as dictator (49-44 BC). Silver denarius (4.04 gm). Mint moving with Caesar, 48–47 BC. Female head (Clementia?) right, wearing diadem, oak wreath and pearl necklace, numeral LII (52) behind / Trophy of Gallic arms consisting of a horned helmet, shield, mail cuirass, and carnyx, axe surmounted by animal´s head to right, CAE-SAR across lower field. Crawford 452/2. Sydenham 1009. CRI 11.

The obverse type, which probably depicts Clementia (clemency), symbolizes Caesar's leniency toward defeated enemies. The LII behind her head may indicate Caesar’s age (52) when these coins were struck. The reverse symbolizes Caesar's long years of campaigning in Gaul, where he cemented his reputation as a military commander of genius.
2 commentsgoldcoin
Hadrian_Sestertius.jpg
Roman, Hadrian Sestertius506 viewsThis is one of my favourite coins because it has one of the best portraits of Hadrian that I have ever seen.4 commentspeterpil19
hadtemp3.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Relief inside temple of Hadrian506 views1 commentsmemphius
Lamanai Vista.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize505 viewsMayadigger - Here I am "discovering" an ancient Maya pyramid in the ruins at Lamanai. As seen, it's being recovered from the rain forest by archeologists. This particular structure ia about 80 feet tall. What makes Lamanai unique is that it was the longest inhabited city in the New World...from approx. 300BC to 1100 AD.1 commentsMayadigger
Trajan CNG El.130 -343.jpg
Roman, Trajan Sestertius505 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Æ Sestertius (32mm, 28.81 g). Struck 106 AD. Laureate bust right, wearing aegis. RIC II 534 var. (drapery on far shoulder); BMCRE 836; Cohen 508 var. (laureate only).
Ex CNG
From the Tony Hardy Collection.
Trajan has a smart look in his face.
Jan Terje Rafdal
Lysimachos.jpg
Lysimachos504 viewsKingdom of Thracia
Silver Tetradrachm
Lampsakos Mint, 286-281 B.C.
32mm, 17.1g, 0o
obv: Head of Alexander the Great, wearing taenia and horn of Ammon.
rev: BASILEWS LYSIMAXOY, Athena std. l. on throne, wearing Corinthian helmet and robe, left arm resting on shield decorated with lion's head, right arm outstretched holding winged Nike who is crowning name with a wreath, spear pointing downwards behind her right shoulder. HP monogram in l. field, crescent in ex.
ref. Thompson 47; Müller 401; SNG France 2542
18 commentsmihali84
Nero_Harbour.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero, Sestertius, AE Rome mint, struck 64 AD504 viewsNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P laureate-headed bust right with aegis on left shoulder
AVGVSTI, POR OST, SC bird’s eye view of a the new Ostia harbor; at top pharos surmounted by a statue (light house); at bottom, reclining figure of Neptune left, holding rudder and dolphin
RIC 181, Cohen 33 (20 Fr.)

ex. Arthur Bally-Herzog collection

15 commentsdupondius
Panoramic 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 1504 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Claudius II 5ob.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius Gothicus503 viewsObv: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG
Bust: Radiate & cuirassed bust right
Rev: ADVENTVS AVG
Claudius on horseback left, holding scepter and raising hand in salute.
Date: 268-270 AD
Denom: Antoninianus
RIC 13f
2 commentsBluefish
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II_FELI-CIT-TEM-POR_RIC-373var_Emesa-194-5-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_xxmm_2,83g-s.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Emesa (Antioch), FELICIT TEMPOR,502 viewsSeptimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), AR Denarius, Emesa (Antioch), FELICIT TEMPOR,
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FELI-CIT-TEM-POR, Stalk of grain between crossed cornucopia.
date: 194-95 A.D.,
mint: Emesa (Antioch),
diameter: 17mm,
weight: 2,83g,
axis: 0h,
ref: RIC-IV-373var, p-, C-142b,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Geta_AR-Den_RIC-75-p-324_C-51_Roma-211-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,47g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Geta (209-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 075, Rome, FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left,501 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC IV-I 075, Rome, FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- P-SEPT-GETA-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- FORT-RED-TR-P-III-COS-II, Fortuna seated left with rudder & cornucopiae, wheel below seat.
exe: , diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,47g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 211 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-075-p-324, C-51,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
0082-210-b.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, OTHO, Denarius RIC 8499 viewsDenarius minted in Rome in 69 AD
IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, Bare head of Otho right
SECURITAS PR, Securitas standing left
3.50 gr
Ref : RIC # 8, RCV # 2162, Cohen #17
10 commentsPotator II
vitese03a.jpg
Roman, Vitellius sestertius minted Rome, A.D. 69499 views25.02g, Ø 36mm, 6h
Obv.: A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP AVG PM TR P, laurate head right
Rev.: S C, Mars, helmeted, naked, advancing right with spear and legionnary standard.
Ref.: RIC 141 (R); BMCRE 58; C. 79; Sear (II) 2208
4 commentsCharles S
ConstantineI_RICvii205r4_pleaft.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Ticinum498 viewsConsantine I, Ticinum min, 326 - 327 AD; bronze, 19 mm, 2.7 gms.
obv: CONSAN TINVSAVG - Laureate bust right
rev: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG
Campgae, 6 rows [top row decorated with pellets], two turrets, star; medium archway. RIC vii 207 R4 page 387.
2 commentsbruce61813
Kroisoshalfstater~0.jpg
GREEK, Lydian Half-Stater498 viewsCroesus 550BC2 commentsalexB
m6.JPG
000. Cast of Characters497 views4 commentsecoli
saxony-taler.jpg
MODERN MILLED (up to 19th Century), GERMANY, SAXONY (German States) - 1 TALER 1807497 viewsSilver coin with 27,77grams
Ruler: Friedrich August I
OBV.: ZEHN EINE FEINE MARK (S.G.H.)
REV.: FRID. AUGUST. D.G. REX SAXONIAE
Ref.: KM#1059.1 Dav.:854
1 commentslincon r2
Decius.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Trajan Decius, Antoninianus492 viewsAttribution: RIC 121, 12b
Date: AD 249-253
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: DACIA, Dacia stg. l. wearing robe reaching to feet, holding vertical staff w/ ass’ head (misidentified here and actually a draco battle standard common among Dacian troops)
Size: 23 mm Weight: 4.3 grams
4 commentsNoah
Ambrussum6.jpg
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.491 viewsVia Domitia going downhill towards the bridgeBohemond
POMEIUS.jpg
Roman, Pompey the Great491 views5 commentsDIVIF
0561-410~0.jpg
Domitius Domitianus, Octadrachm490 viewsOctadrachm struck in Alexandria in 297 AD
Obv : ΔOMITI-ANOC CEB, radiate head of Domitianus right
Rev : LB (regnal year 2), Serapis walking right, palm behind
12.79 gr
Ref : Sear #4801, Alexandrian coins #4241/2 (the illustration is this ex)

Domitius Domitianus, stationed in Egypt, rebelled against Diocletianus in july 296 AD and was proclaimed emperor. He was defeated during spring 297 AD. Diocletian decided to close the alexandrian mint, so the coins of Domitianus are the last provincial coins from Alexandria. Also, Domitianus was the only ruler to strike octadrachms (in paralle with didrachms, tetradrachms and hexadrachms)
2 commentsPotator II
Constantius-Gallus-xy-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), AE-2, RIC VIII 335, Siscia, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO, 490 views152 Constantius Gallus (351-354 A.D.), AE-2, RIC VIII 335, Siscia, LXXII/ FEL TEMP REPARATIO,
avers:- DN-CONSTATIVS-IVN-NOB-C, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A (or H) behind the head.
revers:- FEL-TEMP-RE-PARATIO, LXXII left field, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, reaching backwards.
exe: LXXII/Γ SIS Crescent,
diameter: mm,
weight: g,
axis: h,
mint: Siscia,
date: 332-333 A.D.,
ref: RIC VIII 335, p-374,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
IMG_0815.jpg
Israel, Gezer - six chambered gate built by Solomon490 viewsThe Canaanite town was supposedly conquered by an Egyptian pharaoh and given to Solomon as a dowry for his daughter. Solomon then rebuilt and fortified the city, including this six chambered gate, dating from the 10th century. The chambers were to be packed with soldiers, so if enemies forced their way through the gate, they would be surrounded by soldiers on all sides.
posted by Zam
Zam
N80063~0.jpg
Roman, Caracalla490 viewsAn incuse profile of Caracalla is visible on the reverse4 commentsTLP
Trier249~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine - VIRTVS EXERCIT489 viewscirca A.D. 320
CONSTAN-TINVS AVG Helmeted, cuirassed
VIRTVS-EXERCIT [Valor of the Army] Trophy standing on ground, captive seated on either side
In left field there is a clear wreath; In exergue dot PTR
similar to RIC VII Trier 249, except for wreath in left field in place of star.
unlisted in RIC

collection of Victor
2 commentsVictor
Vespasian r103-o.jpg
Roman, Vespasian489 viewsI love this portrait! The sneer/scowl seems so real!

TITVS FLAVIVS VESPASIANVS, born in 9 AD to Vespasia Polla and Flavius Sabinus, entered public service and was serving as Governor of Judaea in 68 when Nero committed suicide. The eastern legions resented the quick succession of Nero, Galba, Otho, and Vitellius, since the Rhine legions had caused it all. In July of 69 the eastern legions proclaimed Vespasian, and the legions of Illyricum followed. Vitellius was killed on December 20, 69 and Vespasian reigned mildly for the next ten years. He died of illness on June 23, 79, was succeeded by his older son Titus, and was deified by the Senate.
4 commentsjimwho523
Peru.jpg
New World, Peru 1488 viewsThat's me, standing close to the stones, just to give the size...2 commentsMayadigger
RS232-Roman-AV_solidus,_Zeno_(ca_474-491_AD)-031100.jpg
ZENO the Isaurian (474-491 AD), AV solidus, Victory, ex-Eliasberg, struck after 476 AD487 viewsObverse- D N ZENO PERP AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed three-quarter facing bust, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman spearing a fallen enemy.
Reverse- VICTORI-A AVGGG, Victory standing left, holding long cross, two stars in field, CONOB in exergue.
Ex- Stack's auction of the Louis E. Eliasberg, Sr. Collection, 4/15/2005, Lot 24.
Original description: "Zeno (emperor of the East, A.D. 476-491). AV Solidus. Thessalonica, A.D. 476 or later. CHOICE VF / RIC 941. Metcalf 223. Choice VF. 4.27 grams, 20.40 mm. Obv Helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarters facing of Zeno, holding spear and decorated shield. Rev Victory standing l., holding long cross, two stars in field. A scarcer issue. Scratched in right obverse field and holed, otherwise Choice VF. ($80-130)."
(Price realized: $310.50.)
Comments: (Thessalonica? I thought CONOB meant Constantinople?) This has long been a sentimental favorite of mine, and is likely to remain my only ancient gold for a while. The famous pedigree doesn't hurt, either, though this was probably a "junkbox" item for Eliasberg (haha). I don't mind the hole a bit, as I have a large collection of holed coins. This piece does not reside with my regular Roman collection but is the centerpiece of my trademark "Holey Gold Hat", which I wear to shows.
3 commentslordmarcovan
IMG_0803.jpg
Israel, Gezer - Bronze Age city walls485 viewsThese are the Bronze Age city walls of the Canaanite city of Gezer. It is near this town that the battle took place where Joshua is said to have held the sun and the moon still. The Canaanites held off the attacks by the tribe of Dan until the reign of Solomon.
posted by Zam
Zam
Barbar_Ar-quarter-Siliqua_IVSTINVS-II-name_Styl-Monogram_Gepida_Sirmium_Rauch-81_lotNo-815_Q-001_axis-1h_21mm_0,78g-s.jpg
Ostrogot, GEPID, 1/4-Siliqua, Sirmium, the name of IVSTINVS-II484 viewsThe age of exodus: Ostgot, Gepid,
1/4-Siliqua, Sirmium,
avers:- The name of Iustinus II. The Legend are affected the diademed head right,
revers:- Stylized monogram.
exe: h, diameter: 21mm, weight: 0,78g, axis: 1h,
mint: ,date: A.D., ref: MIB - (cf 50), cf Metlich, Ostrogothic Italy, S. 43, Abb. 23. RR s.sch. ,( another exampl: Ref:H.D.Rauch 81, Lot. No.:815,)
Q-001
quadrans
SPQR~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I -SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI- Rome RIC 349484 viewsConstantine I
312-313 AD.
AE Follis
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [The senate and the Roman people to the highest prince] Legionary eagle between two vexella
in ex R P

Rome RIC 349

from the collection of Victor
My Constantine Website


1 commentsVictor
zeugitana_bronze.jpg
zeugitana bronze484 views19.8mm, 4.5g, 90°
Obv: head of Tanit left
Rev: horse's head right, palm to right
areich
Afghanistan.jpg
Afghanistan483 viewsKM849 - Paisa - AH1329-1334 (1914-1917)Daniel F
1532LG~0.jpg
Caracalla --AE32, Cilicia, Diokaisarea. 481 viewsObv.: Laureate bust of Caracalla, eagle & T-bolt countermarks. Rev.: Athena, riding quadriga, holding thunderbolt and snake-fringed shield. SNG Levante 673 (same eagle-countermark, same dies but not the thunderbolt-countermark); Howgego 337 (for same two countermarks on one coin). (featherz)featherz
AUST_NETH_1797_KRONENTHALER.jpg
AUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS481 viewsAUSTRIAN NETHERLANDS - Francis II (1792-1835) AR Kronenthaler, 1797. B=Kremnitz mint. Obv.: Head of Emperor facing right. FRANC.II.D.G.R.I.S.A.GER.HIE.HVN.BOH.REX.. Rev.: Cruciform figure, with crowns in top, right & left angles; Order of the Golden Fleece hangs at bottom angle. ARCH.AVST.DVX.BVRG.LOTH.BRAB.COM.FLAN.1797. Referenc: KM#62.2.dpaul7
Constantine I SPQR.jpg
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI- Rome RIC 349a480 viewsConstantine I

obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Bust cuirassed, laureate
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Legionary eagle between two vexella
RP in exergue
RIC Rome 349a
aEF/VF
3 commentswolfgang336
GermanI.jpg
1789/90-1865 AD - Johann Jacob Lauer - Rechenpfenning (Jeton)479 viewsMaker: Johann Jacob Lauer (1789/90-1865 AD)
Date: Early-Mid 1800's AD
Condition: Very Fine
Type: Rechenpfenning (Jeton)

Obverse: PLUS ULTRA (Going Further)
Ship with four masts.

Reverse: IOH : LAUER * RECN * PF
Johann Lauer Rechenpfenning
Five stars with a crescent moon above.

Struck in Neurenberg
Note: Slight possibility this was struck by grandson of same name later in the century.
0.47g; 13.5mm; 90°
Pep
1794_III_Grossi_s.jpg
1794 - III Grossi477 viewsGalicia & Lodomeria - Galician Poland
Obv: MONET AER EXERCIT CAES REG - Crowned double headed Russian eagle,
small shield on breast, above crossed flags.
Rev: III GROSSI POL - Value, Date above sprigs.
Size: 26mm; 9.97gms
This coin was minted in 1794 during the 2nd partition of Poland,
it seems that General Kosciusko, of Poland,(Later of the Kosciusko Bridge fame),
after assisting the Continental army during the American revolution,
went back to Poland and became a nationalist and didn't like the terms of 2nd partition.
He led a revolt of the Polish army and peasants in 1794, known as the "Kosciusko uprising",
against the Austrians, who were taking over Galicia, as per terms of the 2nd partition.
This coin was minted, by Austria, for the Austrian army,
for purchases what was still Polish Galicia. Later to become Austrian Galicia.
It was made specifically for Galicia in 1794,
the year Galicia stopped being Polish and was acquired by Austria.
To me this coin represents the beginning of Austrian Galicia
and the reason I am Austrian and not Polish.

Please advise of corrections to this brief history.
Brian L
Alexander_III_the_Great_NEW.jpg
Alexander III The Great476 viewsAlexander III The Great Silver Tetradrachm
Macedonia
Amphipolis mint 323-315 B.C.
24mm, 16.72g, 180o
ob: Herakles draped in Nemean Lion skin
rev: Zeus seated left holding sceptre in left and eagle in right. L above bucranium, E under throne. ALEXAN∆POY
Price 432; Ehrhardt 18
5 commentsmihali84
arcadius.jpg
CAMPGATE, Arcadius476 viewsObv: ARCADIVS partially visible, bust appears to be pearl-diademed
Rev: GLORIA REIPVBLICE partially visible, multi-level "campgate", TES below
AE4, 13 mm (Ray Wilk)
raywilk
Istvan-I_U-001_C1-001_H-001_Q-016_axis-5h_17,5mm_0,73g-s.jpg
Medieval, Hungary, Istvan-I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #16476 views001 Istvan-I., "St. Stephen !", King of Hungary, (997-1038 A.D.), AR-Denarius, U-001, + REGIA CIVITAS, #16
avers:- + STEPHANVS•-REX•, Cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
revers:- + REGIA-CIVITAS (REGIA-CIVITVS, "V" instead of "A"!), Cross within pearled border, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 0,73 g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Unger-001, CHN-1-001, Huszar-001,
Q-016
quadrans
Treb1.jpg
Roman Empire, Trebonianus Gallus, Antoninian with blundered reverse legend476 viewsI'm have this rare Trebonianus Gallus antoninian with blundered reverse legend:
MARTEM PRO(PV)GNATOREM.
The 'PV' letters are missing!

Very Rare. 5-6 pieces known (example: Lanz #92 (1999) lot#1072).
tibsi67
artet1.JPG
Alexander III475 viewsAlexander III AR Tetradrachm. ‘Amphipolis’ mint. Struck under Kassander, circa 316-314 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; shield in left field, pellet-in-Π below throne. 17.1 g.

Price 136; Troxell, Studies, issue L8.

Thanks for the atribution Lloyd!


Most lifetime issues of Alexander the Great were usualy bulky/thick, which did not alow for the entire design of the die to imprint on the coin. IMO looked better then the wide thin flan. (edit: though this one is Struck under Kassander)

The coin was hand stuck with a die/avil. Dies were usually made of Bronze because it was sofeter and easier to work with then iron, (though some were made of iron as well) then the was anealed to make it stronger and less brittle.

The planchets were made by pouring molten metal into a mold and saved until needed. When it was ready to be used, they heated it just below melting point and placed it between the dies and the punch die was struck with a hammer.


-----------------------------


"Building upon his father's success in Greece, Alexander III (Alexander the Great, reigned 336-323 BC) set about the conquest of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. By the time of his death at the age of 31, he ruled most of the known world from Greece to Afghanistan. Initially Alexander continued to mint Philip's gold and silver coins. Soon, however, the need for a silver coinage that could be widely used in Greece caused him to begin a new coinage on the Athenian weight-standard. His new silver coins, with the head of Herakles on one side and a seated figure of Zeus on the other, also became one of the staple coinages of the Greek world. They were widely imitated within the empire he had forged."

--------------------------------------

"......Alexander seems to have liked Amphipolis, because one of his last plans was to spend no less than 315 ton silver for a splendid new temple in the city that was to be dedicated to Artemis Tauropolus. It was never built, but after Alexander's death on 11 June 323 in Babylon, his wife queen Roxane settled in Amphipolis, which appears to have become one of the residences of the Macedonian royals. In 179, king Philip V died in the town."


------------------

Amphipolis , ancient city of Macedonia, on the Strymon (Struma) River near the sea and NE of later Thessaloníki. The place was known as Ennea Hodoi [nine ways] before it was settled and was of interest because of the gold and silver and timber of Mt. Pangaeus (Pangaion), to which it gave access. Athenian colonists were driven out (c.464 BC) by Thracians, but a colony was established in 437 BC Amphipolis became one of the major Greek cities on the N Aegean. This colony was captured by Sparta, and Brasidas and Cleon were both killed in a battle there in 422 BC After it was returned to Athens in 421 BC, it actually had virtual independence until captured (357 BC) by Philip II of Macedon. He had promised to restore it to Athens, and his retention of Amphipolis was a major cause of the war with Athens. In 148 BC it became the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia. Paul, Silas, and Timothy passed through Amphipolis (Acts 17.1). Nearby is the modern Greek village of Amfípolis."

--------------------------------

"A quick look at the WildWinds database( http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/macedonia/kings/alexander_III/t.html ) indicates that the style and monograms are consistent with an Amphipolis issue, with perhaps a little less care than usual in the engraving of the reverse. The closest I could locate with a quick look is Price 133 (variant), although yours appears to have a shield rather than dolphin in the left field reverse."
16 commentsrandy h2
13679850.jpg
Greece, Athens - Odeon of Herodes Atticus474 viewsBuilt in 161 AD1 commentsJohny SYSEL
0030-001-douze_cesars.jpg
12 CAESARS471 viewsAfter all, Jay GT4 saying he wanted to make a wallpaper of his 12 caesars after he had seen mine, it's due justice to say I show mine in my gallery after I have seen his...

Please, click to enlarge
Full description attribution and references of the coins are available in my different galleries
10 commentsPotator II
Antioch Billon Tetra Prieur 443cf.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Philip I Antioch Billon Tetradrachm471 viewsPhilip I Billon Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Eagle standing left, wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA S C in exergue. Antioch Tetradrachm Prieur 448
9 commentsmwilson603
Probus~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus Antoninianus471 viewsProbus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC V 651, Siscia
Date: AD 276
Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS
AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: CONCORD MILIT,
emperor stg. r. clasping hand of
Concordia, “P” between, XXI in
exergue
Size: 21.5 mm
Weight: 3.57 grams
5 commentsNoah
moneta 537~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Antioch, RIC VII 86470 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right
rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing, facing each other, each holding spear and shield, either side of two standards.
exergue: SMANA
Struck 330-335 A.D. at Antioch
RIC VII 86
Van Meter 93
From the collection of Jericho
3 commentsJericho
procopius.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, PROCOPIUS Ae3 NICOMEDIA Mint470 viewsBest portrait for this type4 commentsgb29400
RI 131a img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Florian, Antoninianus, Lugdunum, RIC 16, Bust Type C469 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars advancing right, holding a shield and spear, treading down captive.
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 4, between September to October 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 107. Bastien 150 (31 examples). RIC 16 Bust type C
4 commentsmaridvnvm
salzburg-1648.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1648468 viewsSilver coin with 28,61 grams
Ruler: Paris von Londron (1619 - 1653)
OBV.: SANCT:RVDBER TVS: EPS.SALISB:1648
REV.: PARIS.D:G:GARCHI EPS:SALI:SE:AP:L
Ref.: Pr.: 1227, BR.: 2542
lincon r2
1.jpg
Volusian, Maroneia, Dionysos, AE28467 viewsAE28, 8.8g
obv: [] VOΛΛEC [], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
rev: MAPONEITΩN, Dionysos standing left with bunch of grapes and Thyrsos

Photo by Rasiel Suarez
areich
Domitianavs_x-2b.jpg
Domitian * Minerva with Owl, 81-96 AD. AR Denarius466 views
Domitianvs * Minerva with Owl, 88 AD. Silver Denarius
" ~ My service to the state is listed here ~ "

Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI * Domitian, Laureate head right facing.
Rev: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P – Minerva helmeted & armed right-facing, surmounting Rostrum, holding thunderbolt (or javelin) in right hand, arm raised to throwing position, and shield at the ready on left arm, her owl, facing, at her feet to the right.

Exergue: Occupied by capital-piece of rostrum column.

Mint: Rome
Struck: January-August 88 AD.

Size: 22 mm.
Weight: 2.96 grams
Die axis: 180°

Condition: Absolutely gorgeous. Beautiful bright, clear luster with tri-colored cabinet toning (rainbow effect) on the reverse.

Refs:*
RSC 236
RIC II, 108a
BMC 103(v)
Cohen 218(v)
Sear RCV I (2000), 2730(v), page 495

12 commentsTiathena
1_Kreuzer_1812_B_b.jpg
1 Kreutzer 1812 B465 viewsTibsi
SEST.TRAJ.COL.jpg
Roman, Trajan465 viewsAn extremely rare type with an almost uncirculated portrait of Emperor Trajan. Trajan's Column was erected in Forum Traiani to commemorate roman victories over Dacia. Still remains intact, except for Trajan's statue and eagles at base that were lost. This sestertius was struck same year that column was erected.(DIVIF)1 commentsDIVIF
appio claudio 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Appio-Claudian Aqueduct 2464 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
taler-3brothers.jpg
Post Medieval, SAXONY - ALTENBURG (German State) 1 TALER, 1595 (Three Brothers)464 viewsSilver coin with 29,11 grams
Christian II, with Johann Georg & Ausgustus and Friedrich Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg, Regent. (1591 - 1601)
Obv.: CHRISTIAN.IOHAN.GEORG.ET.AVGVSTVS 1595
Rev.: FRAT.ET.DV CES.SAXON
Ref.: Dav.: 9820
1 commentslincon r2
RI 160e img~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, Trier, RIC VII 303 (STR)463 viewsConstantine I AE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Helmeted & cuirassed bust right
rev: BEATA TRANQVILLITAS VOTIS XX. Globe on altar inscribed VOT IS XX
exergue: STR
Struck 321 A.D. at Trier
RIC VII 303
Ex Langcroft Hoard

2 commentsmaridvnvm
Roman-Bridge1.jpg
France, Sommiéres - Roman Bridge463 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
AugustusARdenariusMARS(COMBINED).jpg
TEMPLE, Augustus, AR Denarius MAR VLT462 viewsAugustus, AR Denarius (3.61 gm). Laureate head right, CAESARI AVGVSTO / Domed hexastyle temple of Mars Ultor (the Avenger) containing legionary eagle between two standards, MAR VLT. RIC I 105a (pg.48); BMCRE 373; RSC 190.4 commentssocalcoins
GLORIAEXERCITVS~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I462 viewsCONSTANTINUS I, “THE GREAT”, 307-337 AD. Centenional (2,5 gr.; Æ = 17,40 mm.; 6:00 hs.). Mint of Siscia, 1st officina, ca. 334-335 AD. Obv. DN CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Diademated militar bust right. Rev. GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers besides two militar standars; ex.: ·ASIS·. RIC VII (Sis.) #235; Salgado MRBI #8276.f. Mint State. Shiny dark patina.
4 commentsRicardo
Maximinus Portrait.JPG
Roman, Maximinus I Thrax, mid Mar 235 - late May 238 A.D.462 viewsNot sure if this coin fits the bill , but I find the portrait rather Powerfull and expressive.
Your thoughts?
4 commentsjdholds
Constant53-rev.jpg
A zoo should have at least one Phoenix461 viewsDN CONSTANS PF AUG
FEL TEMP REPARATIO
Siscia mint, third offic.
Massanutten
Probus, Fides Militvm2.jpg
Roman, Probus, summer 276 - Sep 282 A.D.461 viewsEx Forum. Silvered antoninianus, RIC 169 (listing obv. legend 8 in error), EF, 3.39g, 22.7mm, 0o, Rome mint, 276-282 A.D.; obverse IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding standard in each hand, R thunderbolt B in ex; handsome military bust; SOLD 3 commentswolfgang336
vespasian sestert.jpg
Roman, Vespasian Sestertius460 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 23.90 g). Rome mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right. RIC 443; Cohen 419. Good VF, mottled green patina, light smoothing.
9 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
VespasianCapricorn2.jpg
Vespasian Denarius460 viewsStruck under Titus, 80-81 AD. Laureate head right, DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS / Shield inscribed S C supported by two capricorns.
8 commentssocalcoins
Constantine I Beata Tranquillitas.jpg
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS- RIC Trier 343459 viewsConstantine I

obv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, Consular Bust of Constantine facing left
rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, Altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX
PTR[dot]
RIC Trier 343- R4
ChEF
2 commentswolfgang336
PtolemyIV.jpg
Zeus Ammon on Ptolemy IV Hemidrachm459 viewsZeus Ammon portrait by master die artist. In unusually high relief and expressive style. Uncommon for this type (~ 35mm, 35gm). Issued ca. 220BC at Alexandria mint. This is one Zeus that looks like he really might just get up and step right off the coin or turn around and have something to say of great mythological significance :) 6 commentsPtolemAE
piussow~0.jpg
Antoninus Pius As Sow suckling young458 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ As. 143-144 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IMPERATOR II S-C, Sow seated right under helm-oak, suckling four young, another before, SC in ex. RIC 733, Cohen 450, BMC 1624 ancientone
Altun Ha.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize457 viewsMayadigger - Altun Ha "Rock Water", was another ancient Maya city that encompassed nearly 700 years of occupation. Lovely in situation, it's population at it's height was close to 20,000 citizens. It was another leading trade center. Mayadigger
constantinI_sirmium48~0.jpg
Constantine I RIC VII, Sirmium 48457 viewsConstantin I the Great, AD 307 - 337
AE - AE 3, 3.55g, 19mm
Sirmium 1. officina, 324 - 325
obv. CONSTAN - TINVS AVG
laureate head r.
rev. SARMATIA - DEVICTA
Victory advancing r., holding trophy in r. hand and
palmbranch in l. hand, spurning captive sitting on ground to r.
exergue: SIRM
RIC VII, Sirmium 48; C.487; LRBC 802
about EF, flan crack at 6 o'clock
3 commentsJochen
mark_aurel_338_2.jpg
Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 338456 viewsAR - Denar, 3.25g, 18.8mm
Rome, Dec. 175 - Dec. 176
obv. M ANTONINVS AVG GERM SARM
head laureate, r.
rev. TRP XXX IMP VIII COS III PP
Pile of arms
in ex: DE GERM
RIC III, 338
Scarce; VF(?)
added to www.wildwinds.com

Early in 169, the Marcomanni and Quadi crossed the Danube, penetrated the intervening provinces, and entered Italy. The culmination of their onslaught was a siege of Aquileia. The effect upon the inhabitants of the peninsula was frightful. This was the first invasion of Italy since the late second century B.C., when the Cimbri and Teutones had been separately crushed by Marius.
After a rapid mobilization of forces MARCUS AURELIUS turned north and began his counterattacks against the barbarians. First and foremost, the enemy had to be driven out of Italy and then into their own territory beyond the Danube. But it was a time-consuming and expensive operation. 23 Nov. 176 he held the triumph over Germans and Sarmati. Raetia and Noricum became Roman provinces.
1 commentsJochen
temphad.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Central square of Terrace Houses456 viewsPart of the central square of the terrace houses in Ephesus.1 commentsmemphius
FRANCE LOUIS XVI 1791.jpg
FRANCE - Louis XVI454 viewsFRANCE - Louis XVI (1774-1792) Cu. 1 Sol, 1791, A-mintmark. Obv.: Bust of king left. LVDOV . XVI . D. GRATIA. Rev.: Crwoned shield with 3 Fleur-De-Lis. FRANCIA ET NAVARRAE REX 1791. Reference: KM-73.7.dpaul7
Keramus~0.jpg
Zeus Chrysaoreus454 viewsPius bust left. Draped statue of Zeus Chrysaoreus holding patera and sceptre. Eagle at feet. BMC Caria, Pl. XII

City; Province; Region Ceramus; Asia: Conventus of Alabanda; Caria
Date 138–161
Magistrate P. Ailios Themistokles Protoleontos, arxas (ex-archon?)
Obverse design laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, l.
Obverse inscription ΑΥΤΟΚ ΚΑΙΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΝ ΣΕΒ ΕΥ (facing outward)
Reverse design Zeus (Chrysaoreus) standing, facing, head, l., holding patera over eagle and long sceptre
Reverse inscription ΑΙΛΙ ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΛΕ ΑΡΞ ΚΕΡΑΜΙΗΤΩΝ
Metal Bronze
Average diameter 33 mm
Average weight 19.91 g

CHRYSAOR (Chrusaôr). The god with the golden sword or arms. In this sense it is used as a surname or attribute of several divinities, such as Apollo (Hom. II. xv. 256), Artemis (Herod. viii. 77), and Demeter. (Hom. Hymn. in Cer. 4.) We find Chrysaoreus as a surname of Zeus with the same meaning, under which he had a temple in Caria, which was a national sanctuary, and the place of meeting for the national assembly of the Carians. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
ancientone
Probus ADVENTVS AVG RIC 157-2~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, antoninianus, Rome, RIC 157 Bust Type F454 viewsEmperor on horseback L, arm raised, ADVENTVS AVG, trampling captive. Rome mint, exe R crescent delta. 3 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Gordianus-III__AE-Sest_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_S-C_Roma-241-43-RIC-298a_Q-001_20_79g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 298a, Rome, IOVI STATORI, 453 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), AE-Sestercius, RIC IV-III 298a, Rome, IOVI STATORI,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; S C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 20,79g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D., ref: RIC-298a, C-111,
Q-001
quadrans
House-of-Amor-and-Psyche-b.jpg
Italy, Ostia - House of Amor and Psyche453 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
PROBUSmassue~0.JPG
Roman Empire, PROBUS with club -- unlisted453 viewsIMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
his radiated and cuirassed bust left, shield on left shoulder, holding club vertical in right hand.
CONCORD MILIT S/XXI
Probus and Concordia standing facing each other, clasping right hands

* gb29400
3 commentsgb29400
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
453 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
triobol.jpg
VIA TRAIANA, TRAJAN453 viewsAR denarius. 112-114 AD. 3,36 grs. Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder. IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P / Via Traiana reclining left, left elbow on rock, holding wheel and reed. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI. In exergue VIA TRAIANA.
Minted to commemorate the construction of the Via Traiana from Beneventum to Brindisium. On the left a pic of part of the road,and on the right a miliaria ( milia passuum, "one thousand paces", 4,841 feet ) or milestone.
The stone, besides the titles of the emperor, reports that it was constructed at the emperor's expense ( PECVN SVA FECIT ).

4 commentsbenito
10647q00.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.452 views10647. Bronze half follis, RIC 356 variant, F, Rome mint, 1.74g, 17.8mm, 0o, 312-313 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PACI PERPET, Pax standing left holding branch and transverse scepter, XII left, R P in ex; extremelly rare.

Found in Syria! RIC lists the reverse as Pax holding standard which is confirmed by the plates, while our coin displays a transverse scepter.
AntoninusPius_BM.jpg
Bust of Antoninus Pius from the British museum452 views3 commentsareich
English_Grenadier_1751.jpg
English grenadier of the 18th "Royal Irish" regiment of Foot, 1751452 viewsThe 18th was first raised in 1684, from independent garrison companies in Ireland, under the Earl of Granard and was known as Granard's Regiment of Foot. Granard's Regiment was placed on the English Establishment in 1689. The regiment saw action under King William III at the battle of the Boyne, and all throughout the Irish campaigns, including the fall of Limerick. Serving with the fleet as marines, the regiment received its first battle honor at Flanders, during the assault on the Castle of Namur on August 20, 1695. Having won the admiration of both King and Country, the regiment was designated the Royal Regiment of Ireland. During the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714), the Royal Regiment of Ireland served with distinction at Schellenburg and Blenheim in 1704, Ramilies in 1706, Oudenarde and Lisle in 1708, Malplaquet and Tournay in 1709 and at Bouchain in 1711. In 1747, the regiment was ranked as the 18th Foot and became the 18th Regiment of Foot, or Royal Irish, in July of 1751. The regiment was disbanded after action around the globe in July 1922. (Source: fifedrum.org)

Scale of this model: 75mm (1/24)
RomaVictor
max-gandolph.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1670452 viewsSilver coin with 28,84 grams
Ruler: Max Gandolph Graf-Küenburg (1668 - 1687)
Obv.: SANCT.RVDBERT VS.EPS.SALISB:1670
Rev.: MAX:GAND:D:G:AR:EP:SAL:SE:AP:L. (SVB.TVVM.PRAE SIDIVM.CONF VG.)
Ref.: Km#190, BR: 3234, Pr.: 1654
lincon r2
postumeMilanbuste.jpg
Roman, Postumus struck under Aureolus452 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Cuirassed, draped and radiated bust right
R/[VIRTV]S EQVIT / / T
Mars walking right, holding spear end shield

Antoninianus struck in Mediolanum , third officina
C.442 - RIC.387 - Elmer 617 - AGK.111a

magnificient portrait

the coin is also in my gallery with reverse
2 commentsgb29400
thumb_09002p00~0.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 312- 281 B.C., Babylonian double shekel452 views Silver double shekel, Houghton SC-88.2a, Newell ESM-263, SNG Cop -, gVF, 16.94g, 23.9mm, 315o, Babylon mint, c. 311-305 B.C.; obverse Ba'al seated left on diphros, holding scepter in right and resting left hand on seat, border of dots; reverse lion walking left on exergual line, horizontal anchor above, boarder of dots;6 commentssalem
domina.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbaric Julia Domna451 viewsJulia Domna --AR Denarius. Contemporary (ancient) imitation. IVLIA DOMINA (sic) AVG. R: Vesta seated left holding palladium and sceptre. 2 commentsfeatherz
KIANG-NAN 10 CASH.jpg
CHINA - Guang Xu - Kiang Nan Province451 viewsCHINA - Emperor Zai Tian -- Guang Xu Reign (1875-1908) - Kiang Nan Province.
10 Cash, no date (c. 1904) Y-135.
dpaul7
ABM075.jpg
450 viewsadrianus
08800p00~0.jpe
ROMAN EMPIRE, Carus, early Sep 282 - c. Jul/Aug 283 A.D., Postumus Consecration Issue449 viewschoice aEF, 3.06g, 22.7mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, obverse DIVO CARO, radiate bust right; reverse CONSECRATIO •, flaming altar, T - R across fields, XXI in exergue; dark toning2 commentssalem
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.447 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
galley.jpg
ROMAN IMPERATORS, Mark Antony, AR Legionary denarius, (LEG V)447 viewsStruck at a travelling mint, c.32-31 B.C.
Obverse: Galley sailing right. ANT AVG above; III VIR • R • P • C below.
Reverse: LEG V, Legionary eagle between two standards.
8 commentsOptimus
Markus Aurelius HJB.jpg
Roman, Marcus Aurelius447 viewsA nice portrait of the young Augustus.5 commentsJan Terje Rafdal
Alfonso VIII~0.jpg
MEDIEVAL, Spain, Castile and Leon, Alfonso VIII446 viewsAlfonso VIII (November 11, 1155 – October 5, 1214), king of Castile and grandson of Alfonso VII, is a great name in Spanish history, for he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohades at the battle of the Navas de Tolosa in 1212.
The gold maravedi of Alfonso VIII is a strange blend of Muslim and Christian worlds. It has a Cross surrounded by Arabic writings!

Is there anyone who can read Arabic?
1 commentsgoldcoin
probus_adventus_qq24.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Fully Silvered Antoninianus, Rome, RIC 158446 viewsProbus Fully Silvered Antoninianus, somewhat toned

PROBV-S PF AVG
ADVEN-TVS AVG
RIZ
RIC Rome 158

Radiate facing right, cuirassed with Medusa head breastplate.

Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.

Angry horse!

This coin is part of the AEQVITI series, representing the trailing "I" for the Rome series.
3 commentsroscoedaisy
terrace2.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Terrace House446 viewsLocated in the ongoing excavation of the upper-class terrace houses. Lovely floor mosaicmemphius
CLAUDIUS-1.jpg
Messalina (Valeria), third wife of Claudius. Augusta, 41-48 CE.445 viewsAlexandria, Egypt.
Billon Tetradrachm (24 mm, 10.32 g).
Year 6=AD 45/46.
Obv: TI KLAUDI KAIS SEBA GERMANI AUTOKR, Laureate head of Claudius, right, Ls (=year 6) before.
Rev: MESSALINA KAIS SEBAS, Messalina standing, left, veiled and wearing long chiton and peplos, resting l. elbow on column, holding in the r. hand two figures (their children, Octavia and Britannicus), on her l. arm are two stalks of corn; in lower l. field, a lituus. Sear 1869; SGI 495; RPC 5164; BMCG 75; Cologne 88; Milne 106.
1 commentsEmpressCollector
Marius~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, MARIUS -- Gallic Empire445 viewsGALLIC EMPIRE -- MARIUS
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG Draped, cuirassed and radiated bust right
VICTO - Ri - A AV - G Victoria walking right
with full silvering

gb29400
4 commentsgb29400
00tranquillina5.jpg
TRANQUILLINA. Wife of Gordian III444 viewsAE 24. Edessa 238-244. 9.87g. 1h. Draped bust right wearing stephane. CA.B.NIA TPANKVΛΛEINA.AVΓ / Roma seated left above shield holding Victory, crowned by city goddess holding scepter, standing left behind her. EΔECCE around, ΩN in exergue. Papaefthymiou, Edessa de Macedoine, p. 87, 6 (D3/R5, pl. 11).
1 commentsbenito
constantiusI_673var~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantius I Chlorus RIC V, 673 var.444 viewsConstantius I Chlorus, Caesar 293 - 305, father of Constantin I
AR - Antoninianus, 4.45g, 22.4mm
Antiochia AD 293
obv. FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
draped, cuirassed bust, seen from behind, radiate head r.
rev. IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS CAES
Jupiter standing r., holding globe and sceptre, facing Hercules standing l.,
holding victory, club and lion's skin.
field: dot above S
exergue: XXI
RIC V/2, 673 var., unlisted in RIC
Rarity?; about EF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!
added to www.wildwinds.com

From Curtis Clay: This type is known for Diocletian from officinae 1-2, 4-5 and 7. For Galerius there are coins from officina 3 (added: 'Known also for Maximian, RIC'!). For Constantius coins from officina 6 (S) were expected but not yet known.This can be changed when more coins are coming out of Turkey or Syria
1 commentsJochen
Nero_36.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, NERO, AE AS444 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM - Laureate bust of Nero right.
Rev: S C, Victory alighting left, wings spread, holding shield (SPQR).
RIC I 351B
3 commentspostumus
valentinianI_3(a).jpg
Valentinian I RIC IX, Thessalonica 3(a)444 viewsValentinian I 364-375, brother of Valens
AV - Solidus, 4.49g, 21.3mm, 0°
Thessalonica 25 Aug.364 - 24 Aug.367
obv. DN VALENTINI - ANVS PF AVG
Emperor in consular robe, holding mappa and short sceptre, pearl-
diademed head l.
rev. SALVS - REI P
Emperor standing frontal, head r., holding labarum r. and Victory on globe l.,
spurning captive kneeling l. before him
field: 2 stars r. (type 2)
exergue: SMTES
RIC IX, Thessalonica 3(a) type 2; C.32
R2; about EF, die break on upper rev.
6 commentsJochen
RS036-Roman-AR_denarius,_Vitellius_(69_AD)-019884.JPG
VITELLIUS (69 AD), AR denarius, LIBERTAS443 viewsObverse- A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right.
Reverse- LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus and long rod.
RIC 105, RSC 47, 16-19 mm, 3.05 g.
Ex-Lars Rutten of Rutten & Wieland, Switzerland, from a swap through his VCoins store.

Another fairly scarce Civil War emperor who ruled from April to December of 69 AD. This coin has some moderate goldish-colored toning which does not show in the slightly overexposed photos, and it is more attractive in hand.
2 commentslordmarcovan
Trajan.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 4443 viewsThe modern bronze statue of Trajan, which stands near this emperor's Forum.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Victorinus_SALVSAVG_RICV_2_71.jpg
VICTORINUS, SALVS AVG443 viewsVICTORINUS (269 – 271 AD) Antoninianus.
2.9 g, 20 mm
Obv.: IMPCVICTORINVSPFAVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SALVSAVG - Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar.
RIC 71 VOL V Part II.

ex Inclinatio Roma
areich
RI 132ga img.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Probus, Antoninianus, Serdica, RIC 862, Bust Type H442 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe)
RIC 862 Bust type H (Common).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
taler-standing-bear.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, SWITZERLAND, 1 TALER, 1620442 viewssilver coin with 27,69 grams
City of Saint Gallen, Switzerland
Obv.:MO:NO:CIVITA:SANGALLENSIS 1620
Rev.:SOLI:DEO:OPT:MAX:LAVSET:GLORIA
Ref.: KM#61, Dav.: 4677
lincon r2
05-04-06_1121.jpg
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater441 viewsUnder the ArenaW. Kutschenko
ABM360.jpg
Unattributed with reversed images on both sides (ABM360)441 viewsAn unattributed mule with a reversed Constantinopolis bust to the right. This coin shares a reverse die with ABM270, a coin from the Nether Compton hoard that has a reversed Roma bust to the right. Diameter 14mm. Weight 1.83g.Adrianus
Domitian_AR-Den_DOMITIANVS-CAESAR-AVG_PACI-AVGVSTAE_EPHE_Ephesos-RIC-II-349-p56-new-_71-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-6h_18mm_3,09g-s.jpg
024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Ephesos, PACI AVGVSTAE, EPHE, Victory advancing right, Rare!!!441 views024a Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349(Vespasian), AR-Denarius, Ephesos, PACI AVGVSTAE, EPHE, Victory advancing right, Rare!!!
avers:- DOMITIANVS-CAESAR-AVG,
revers:- PACI-AVGVSTAE/EPHE, Victory advancing right,
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,09g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ephesos, date: 71 A.D. , ref: RIC 1447, RIC II(1962) 0349 p-56, RPC 848,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
she_wolf.JPG
Remus and Romulus with the she-wolf441 viewsThe symbol of Rome this is an Etruscan bronze currently on display at the Musei Capitolini in Rome.Titus Pullo
As~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, Aurelianus As/Sestertius439 viewsAurelian As or Sestertius, struck 270-275 AD at Rome mint.
Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, emperor and empress clasping hands, above and between them bust of Sol right.
Ø 23-26 mm, 7.14 g
RIC 80 var. (no mintmark in exergue)

Ex FORVM.
1 commentsPscipio
Street.jpg
Italy, Ostia - Street439 viewsIt is like stepping back in time....
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Kingdom_of_Macedonia__Alexander_III,_336_–_323_and_posthumous_issues_Tetradrachm,_Amphipolis_circa_318-317,_AR_Q-001_8h_25,5-26,5mm_17,26g-s.jpg
Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0111, AR-Tetradrachm, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, laurel branch in left field,438 viewsMacedonia, Kings, Alexander III., (The Great, 323 - 317 B.C.), Price 0111, AR-Tetradrachm, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, laurel branch in left field,
avers:- No legends, Young Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck.
revers:- BAΣILEΩΣ-AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on throne left, right leg drawn back, holding eagle and scepter, laurel branch in left field.
exerg:-/-//--, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 17,26g, axes: 8 h,
mint: Macedonia, Kings, Alexander III, The Great, ‘Amphipolis’ mint. Struck under Antipater, circa 322-320 B.C.,
date: posthumous, c. 322 - c. 320 B.C., ref: Price 111,
Q-001
6 commentsquadrans
max-ernst.jpg
POST MEDIEVAL, AUSTRIA, SALZBURG, 1 TALER, 1698437 viewsSilver coin with 28,87 grams
Ruler: Johann Ernst (1687 - 1709)
Obv.: S:RVDBERTVS:EPS:SALISBVRG: 1698
Rev.: IO:ERNEST9D:G:ARCHIEP:SAL:S:A:L. (SVB TVVM PRAE SIDIVM CONF VG)
Ref.: Km# 254, Prob.: 1804, Dav.: 3510
lincon r2
RI 066ba img.jpg
Aesclepius436 viewsCaracalla denarius
Obv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, with serpent-entwined wand; globe on ground at right
Minted in Rome in A.D. 215
References:- BMCRE 103, RIC 251, RSC 302

Aesclepius is the god of medicine and holds staff with a snake entwined around it.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
ISAACIIbestot.jpg
BYZANTINE, ISAAC II AE Tetarteron S-2005 DOC5435 viewsFacing bust of the Archangel Michael beardless and nimbate, wearing loros and holding sceptre with trifoil device. and gl.cr. Rev Bust of Isaac facing wearing crown and loros and holding cruiciform sceptre and akakia. 21mm Nice Very Fine! **** Note the trifoil device that Archangel Michael holds.***** DOC 5a.1 1 commentsSimon
05-04-06_1147.jpg
Germany, Trier - Basilika434 viewsThe so-called Basilika, Constantine's throne room, is the largest surviving single-room structure from Roman times. The Romans wanted the architecture to express the magnificence and might of the emperor.
It is used as a church now.
W. Kutschenko
Chicanna.jpg
New World, Maya, Chicanna, Campeche, Mexico434 viewsMayadigger - Chicanna is a smallish ruin found in Southern Campeche, Mexico. Seen in the photo is a wonderous depiction of everything that the ancient Maya were really about. The ancient Maya, as well as nearly all Meso-American civilizations, believed that caves/grottos were the doors to the underworld (read after-life). In fact, when archaeologists dug beneath the vast Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan in Mexico they discovered that the enormous pyramid was centered on the top of a huge underground complex. The ancient Maya named their underworld "Xibalba" and their representaion of this phenomenon is now known as a Witz Monster. In this photo we see the Witz Monster, his mouth agape, lower jaw displayed with huge teeth, leading into a temple. To the untrained eye it may be hard to make out, but if you look close, you can see his eyes above the doorway, and his ear-flairs to either side of the portal. Very cool...Mayadigger
valerian_anemurium2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Valerian I, AE 28, Anemurium Cilicia, SNG Lev 520 (this coin)434 viewsValerian I AE 28mm from Anemurium in Cilicia (SNG Lev 520 = this coin).

Dating to 255-6 AD this large provincial features a rather startled looking portrait of Valerian, crude yet somewhat charming.
3 commentsmauseus
Bramsen 0310.JPG
Bramsen 0310. Légion d'Honneur, 1804.433 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon ANDRIEU F below.
Rev.the cross of the order, in the centre of which the eagle of France stands on the fulmen of Jove, encircled with a flat ring, on which the motto, HONNEUR . ET . PATRIE. is impressed. A wreath of the branches of oak and laurel, with their fruit, surrounds the cross behind AUSPICE NEAPOLEONE GALLIA RENOVATA. Exergue, DENON DIRT. JALEY FT.

The engraving is of the highest quality. Some scratches on the obverse, not particularly visible in hand. The scratches on the portrait itself do not penetrate the patination to bare metal.

Laskey's Narrative:
Napoleon having been elected First Consul for life, immediately marked his great event by instituting the order of the Legion of Honour, which, by joining personal decoration with pecuniary stipend, answered two purposes, that of reconciling the people of France to the restoration of artificial rank in society, and also or securing to Napoleon himself the personal attachment of all those connected with the institution; in short it was a cheap, but efficacious mode of giving bribes to all ranks both in military and civil life, and therefore likely to be attended with the best consequences to his own popularity.


On this occasion, Joseph Bonaparte, the Consul's brother, was made the grand officer of the order.

It was also decreed that the legion should be composed of fifteen cohorts, and a council of administration; that each cohort should consist of seven grand officers, twenty commandants, thirty officers, and 350 legionaries; and that the First Consul should always be the chief of the legion, and of the council of administration. The members were to be military men, who had distinguished themselves in the war, or citizens, who, by their knowledge, talents, and virtues, had contributed to establish or defend the republic.



LordBest
vespasian.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vespasian, AR denarius433 viewsVictory reverse, Ephesus mint, very high relief, smooth surfaces3 commentsOptimus
Altun Ha Masks.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize, Masks432 viewsAnother example of the "Pre-Classic Masks" that tell us that this city was established at least 200 AD.Mayadigger
ANT 1 copy~0.jpg
Licinius II, Ae 3 Issues struck in Antioch432 viewsThe portraits of Licinius II struck in Antioch are quite unusual and never to be confused with any other mint. Note the sharp nose and somewhat pinched features.3 commentsMayadigger
arcadius.jpg
CAMPGATE, Arcadius432 viewsArcadius; 383 - 388 AD; mint uncertain, probably TES [thessalonica], 12 mm, 1.1 gms. DN ARCADIUS AVG, Pearl diademed, draped,and cuirassed bust right.
GLORIA REIPVBLICE.
Very unusual engraving on the reverse.

Bruce's collection
bruce61813
myellie.JPG
Elephant432 viewsJulius Caesar denarius; Crawford 443/1; RSC 49; Van Meter 42 commentsGhengis_Jon
RI 055b img~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Commodus denarius - RIC 666432 viewsObv:– L AVREL COMMODVS AVG, Young Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P, Victory seated left, holding patera and palm-branch
Minted in Rome in Spring A.D. 179
Reference RIC III (Marcus Aurelius) 666, Cohen/RSC 775. BMCRE 801. Szaivert, MIR 18 457-14/30;
Commodus, as joint Augustus with Marcus Aurelius
3 commentsmaridvnvm
05-04-06_1114.jpg
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater431 viewsThe arena, built in the 2nd century A.D. for cruel games with gladiators and animals, had a seating capacity of about 20,000. W. Kutschenko
Ezanas_Christ.JPG
Anonymous (Ezanas Christian)431 viewsObverse: Bust rt. Garment draped on shoulders, v-neck collar, wearing a head cloth. Within a beaded border. Greek inscription BAX ACA (Interpretation uncertain)
Reverse: Greek cross in beaded inner circle, cross inlaid with gold. Greek inscription outside circle TOYTOAP[CHTHXWPA (May this please the country/people)
Date : AD.330-358
Reference : M-H 50, V27
Grade : EF
Weight : 0.73g
Metal : Silver

Comments : AR 13mm, Die Axis 0°, Aksum has claims to be the first civilization anywhere to use Christian imagery on its coins. King Ezanas became a Christian early in his reign and quickly made Christianity the official state religion. Around A.D. 330 he began to use the cross on his coinage as propaganda to spread his new religion, this is type is thought to be the first of those issues.
Bolayi
LouisXIVVuedeLouvreWarin.JPG
1667.Louis XIV. Vue de Louvre 431 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVDOVICO XIV REGNANTE ET AEDIFICANTE.
Rev. Eastern wing of the Louvre MAIESTATI AC AETERNIT GALL IMPERII SACRVM

AR Medal, 34mm. 13.11g.

Unlike Maugers medallic series in which medals were, for the most part, struck long after the events they commemorated, this medal comes from the 'series' of medals struck by the celebrated engraver and artist Jean Warin in 1667.
LordBest
ABM659.jpg
Unattributed ABM659430 viewsAdrianus
Lysi-bothweb[1].JPG
Greek, Thrace, Lysimachos, Tetradrachm430 viewsObv. Head of Alexander the Great facing right.
Rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY. Athena seated facing left on throne, holding Nike in outstretched right hand; in left field, HP monogram; in exergue, crescent.
3 comments4to2CentBCphilia
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG-CONS-IIII-(H)_SALVS-AVG_V-Star_T-XXI_RIC-V-II-504-p-71_Ticinum_9th-emiss_C-_281-AD_RR_Q-001_5h_21,5-24mm_3,45g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 504, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/-//TXXI, Salus standing right, RR!!430 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 504, Ticinum, SALVS AVG, Bust-H, V/-//TXXI, Salus standing right, RR!!
avers:- IMP-C-PROBVS-AVG-CONS-IIII, Bust of Probus left, radiate, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. (H)
revers:- SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: V/-//TXXI, diameter: 21,5-24mm, weight: 3,45g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, 9th. emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-504, p-71, RR!!
Q-001
This coin is part of the EQVITI series ("V") of Ticinum.
2 commentsquadrans
QuietusAntoninianus~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Quietus Antoninianus430 viewsObv: IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Quietus facing right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter seated facing left, holding a patera in his right hand and a sceptre in his left; an eagle at his feet; in left field, star.
RIC V ii : 6 (r3)
VERY RARE

1 commentssocalcoins
13679860.jpg
Greece, Athens - Temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane429 viewsalso Theseion
Temple was used as church in christian times.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
domitien_denier_germanie.jpg
Roman Empire, Domitianus429 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII
IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P

unpublished with this reverse legend
6 commentsfrederic W
RI 066ax img.jpg
Elephant, complete with wrinkles429 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XV COS III P P, Elephant walking right
Minted in Rome in A.D. 213.
RIC 211a
The XV is in fact modified over XIIII.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
FIDES MILITVM-18.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus - FIDES MILITVM428 viewsDouble sestertius. Obv.: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS PF AVG - Radiated and cuirassed bust right. Rev.: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns. Mint LVGDVNVM C. 74 - R.I.C. 1236 commentspostumus
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Germany, Trier - Porta Nigra427 viewsThe gate dates back to a time (about A.D. 180) when the Romans often erected public buildings of huge stone blocks (here, the biggest weigh up to six metric tons).W. Kutschenko
alemivs_caes.jpg
D ALEMIVS CAES427 viewsDvo Cameralia5 commentsantvwala
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Athenian Owl427 viewsAttica-Athens
Silver tetradrachm
449-414 B.C.
17g, 24mm, 45o
Interesting Countermark on reverse
6 commentskypros84
FAUSTJR-40.jpg
Artemis (Diana) as the huntress427 viewsThrace, Augusta Trajana. Æ 24mm, 8.9 g.
Obv: FAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right.
Rev: AVGOVCTHC TRAIANHC, Artemis standing right, holding bow, drawing arrow from quiver, hound at her side.
Similar to SGI 1729; BMC 3.177, 1.

Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo. As the huntress, she holds a bow with arrows, accompanied by a hound.
EmpressCollector
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Italy, Rome - Colosseum 2426 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Triens-caput equitis-1.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Aes grave Triens426 viewsTriens caput equitis by Plinius. PLINIUS
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Unattributed ABM 660424 views1 commentsAdrianus
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Marcus Aurelius RIC III, 163424 viewsMarcus Aurelius AD 161-180
AR - Denar, 3.53g, 18.1mm, Rome summer-Dec. 166
obv. M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head l.
rev. TRP XX IMP IIII COS III, Victoria standing facing, holding palmbranch in l., and with r. put shield with VIC PAR on a palmtree
RIC III, 163; C.878

The war against the Parthians AD 161-166:
The tension between Rome and the Parthians were growing due to the control over Armenia, the important buffer state, after the death of Antoninus and the uncertainties in Rome (two emperors!). Volagaeses III put his candidate on the throne. So Marc Aurel decided to send Lucius Verus, who has a bad reputation, and his best general Avidius Cassius. They succeded in catching and destroying towns and fortresses, f.e. Seleucia and Ctesiphon. The Roman advance was so quick that it reminds on Alexander the Great. AD 166 the Parthians surrendered and Rome could put his candidate on the Armenian throne.
1 commentsJochen
Bramsen 1126small.JPG
Bramsen 1126. Bapteme du Roi de Rome, 1811.423 viewsObv. Laureate head of Napoleon left.
Rev. Napoleon, whole length, standing, his head encircled with a laurel wreath, full dress, richly embroidered, the imperial mantle over his shoulders; he is holding the infant with both hands in an elevated situation, as if about to plunge him in an elegant font below; on the top of the font is a Capenduncula, across which lies a branch of myrtle, also a small coffer or acerra, used for holding the incense, surmounted on the top with a cross; against the plinth of the font rests a large book ( the Bible ), on the cover of which a cross; behind the Emperor, on the right, a chair of state, the front ornamented with the initial letter N, within a laurel wreath ANDRIEU FECIT in Ex BAPTEME DU ROI DE ROME M.DCCCXI

AE68. Struck in 1814-15, the original 1811 strike had a different obverse.
5 commentsLordBest
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Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - remains of city wall422 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
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Italy, Rome, View from the Colosseum422 viewsOn the left the Palatine Hill, the Via Sacra and Titus' Arch.
On the right Maxentius' Basilica
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
AugustusIlaria.jpg
Italy, Rome - Augustus' Mausoleum421 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
CJSII-0151h.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus, Coded Mule: obv Maximian & rev Diocletian421 viewsobv legend: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG rev legend: CONSERVATOR AVGG
obv RIC # RIC V pII 580 / rev RIC # RIC VpII 263var
exergue: X X I gamma dot B I dot
from the collection of cscoppa for more information see the article in the reference section about: "The Siscia MULE"
cscoppa
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Hadrian Sestertius421 viewsDefinitely one of the best portraits of Hadrian anywhere and I'm proud to call this coin my own!

Obverse: Laureate head of Hadrian facing right;
Reverse: COSIII SC, Roma seated facing left holding a cornucopia and victory.
Reference: RIC II 636, BMC III 1295.
3 commentspeterpil19
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ROMAN EMPIRE, Lucius Verus Denarius421 viewsLucius Verus Denarius

Attribution: RIC 491, Rome
Date: AD 163
Obverse: IMP L VERVS AVG,
bare head r.
Reverse: PROV DEOR TRP III
COS II, Providentia stg. l. holding
globe and cornucopiae
Size: 18 mm
Weight: 3.2 grams
4 commentsNoah
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TRP-VIIII-IMP-XIIII-COS-VII-P-P_RIC-new-25_RIC-II-_C-280_Rome_79-AD__Q-001_5h_18-18,5mm_2,90g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1421 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P, Quadriga left, #1
avers: IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers: TR-P-VIIII-IMP-XIIII-COS-VII-P-P, Quadriga left with corn ears in car.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 79 A.D., ref: RIC 0025, RIC II(1962) 0012 p-117, RSC-278, BMC 18, BN 15, C 277,
Q-001
7 commentsquadrans
ByzantineFoureeSolidus~0.jpg
BYZANTINE, Maurice Tiberius AV (Fouree) Solidus420 viewsMaurice Tiberius AV Solidus.
Obverse: D N MAVRC TIb PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger
Reverse: VICTORI AAVCCC, angel holding long P-headed cross and globus cruciger; Exergue: CONOB.
Attribution: DOC I 5f; MIB II 6. SBV #sb0478 (Thanks to Wildwinds.com)
This coin seems heavy to be plated silver. I have yet to weigh it. I believe the core to be lead; however, I am unsure.
4 commentsGunner
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX__-SIS-star_RIC-VII-110-p-438-r4-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-002_axis-1h_20mm_3,17g-s~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Licinius I. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 110, Siscia, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2420 views132 Licinius-l. (308-324 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, RIC VII 110, Siscia, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: ε SIS *,
diameter: 20mm,
weight: 3,17g,
mint: Siscia,
axis: 1h,
date: 320 A.D.,
ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, r4,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
60.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine- VLPP419 viewsConstantine I
A.D. 319
IMP CONSTAN-TINVS AVG high crested helmet, cuir., spear across right
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP [ Joyous (well-earned) victory to the eternal Prince] two Victories stg., facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)] on altar.
EpsilonSIS dot

Unlisted in RIC VII for bust type H11. It should come before RIC 61.

from the collection of Victor
3 commentsVictor
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Israel, Masada418 viewsThe ancient fortress in the Judaean desert built by Herod the Great in the first century BCE, it was the last stronghold of a small group of zealots against Rome in the year 73 CE. The view is from the top of the fortress, looing down on the remains of the ancient roman encampment.1 commentsDaniel Friedman
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Jordan, Petra - Theater 3418 viewspax
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Italy, Rome - Septimus Severus' arch418 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
anep~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Constantine- Anepigraphic Dafne417 viewsCirca A.D. 328
Obv. Anepigraphic: head with rosette diademed, looking up to heavens
Rev. CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE [Constantinian Dafne] Victory seated l. on cippus, palm branch in each hand, looking r.; trophy at front, at the foot is a kneeling captive with head turned being spurned by Victory
epsilon in left, in ex. CONS

This bust type is unlisted in RIC. There were three previously known that are listed in Constantine`s Dafne Coinage at Constantinople by R.S. Speck and Stephen M. Huston.Two of these coins are officina A and one is officina S, so this one with officina E is an unrecorded example of this extremely rare type.

from the collection of Victor
2 commentsVictor
Diocletianus_AE-26_IMP-C-DIO(C)LETIANVS-PF-AVG_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_XX-A-over-I_ALE_Alexandria_RIC-VI-32a_p-665_301-AD_NF-001_axis-0h_25-27mm_9,78g-s~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 032a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,417 views119 Diocletianus (284 - 305 A.D.), AE-Follis, RIC VI 032a, Alexandria, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
avers:- IMP-C-DIO(C)LETIANVS-PF-AVG Laureate head right. Legend error !!!,
revers:- GENIO-POP-VLI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: XX| A/I // ALE,
diameter: 25-27mm,
weight: 9,78g,
axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria,
date: 301 A.D.,
ref: RIC-VI-32a, p-665,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
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