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NeroDrususCaesars1.jpg
165 viewsStruck under Caligula. Nero and Drusus Caesars riding right, cloaks flying, NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around S-C. Rome mint, c. AD 37-38. RIC I 34 (pg. 110).2 commentssocalcoins
InvictaR01DaR.jpg
54 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
InvictaR02DaR.jpg
50 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
InvictaR03D+R1.jpg
78 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
InvictaR04D+R.jpg
73 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
InvictaR05DaR.jpg
110 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
InvictaR06DaR.jpg
106 viewsAutonomous coin of mint Roma
under Ostrogoths
XL nummii
d/ INVICTA ROMA
r/ XL retrograde
Rugser
DenAntestioGragbis.jpg
48 viewsDenarius - 136 B.C. L Antestius Gragulus Gens Antestia
Ob.: Helmeted head of Roma right with XVI in monogram under the chin. GRAG behind
Rev.: Jupiter in galloping quadriga, L ANTES below (ANTE in monogram). In ex. ROMA
g. 3,8 mm. 19,1
Syd 451, Cr238/1, Sear RCV 115
1 commentsMaxentius
GORDIAN3-4.jpg
32 viewsGordian III - Sestertius - 240/244
Ob.: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG; laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: IOVI STATORI S C; Iupiter stg. head right, holds thunderbolt and sceptre.
gs. 16,1 mm. 31,7
Cohen 111, RIC 298a
Maxentius
GORDIAN3-5~0.jpg
28 viewsGordian III - Sestertius - 240/244
Ob.: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG; Laureate & draped bust right
Rev.: IOVI STATORI S C; Iupiter stg. left, head right, holds sceptre and thunderbolt.
gs 16,2 mm. 28,5
Cohen 111, RIC 298a
Maxentius
DenLAurelioCottabis.jpg
31 viewsSerrate Denarius - 105 BC. - Mint of Rome
L. AVRELIVS COTTA - Gens Aurelia
Obv.: Draped bust of Vulcan right, in a laureate pileus, tongs & XVI (in monogram) behind, H • before; all within a myrtle wreath
Rev.: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left, L COT below; all within a laurel wreath.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,4
Cr314/1b; Sear RCV 191


Maxentius
DenCLicinMacer.jpg
61 viewsC. LICINIVS MACER - Denarius - 84 B.C. - Gens Licinia
Ob.: Diademed bust of Apollo Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling thunderbolt
Rev.: Minerva in quadriga right with javelin & shield; in ex. C. LICINIVS/MACER
Gs. 3,8 mm. 20,4x18,2
Craw. 354/1, Sear RCV 274, Syd. 732
1 commentsMaxentius
ANTON-3.jpg
40 viewsAntoninus Pius - Denarius - 161 A.D. (minted under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus) - Mint of Rome
Ob.: DIVVS ANTONINVS; bare head right
Rev.: CONSECRATIO; Eagle right, head left
gs. 3,1 mm. 17,5
Cohen 154, RIC 429
Maxentius
Quadrigato.jpg
77 viewsAnonymous AR Quadrigatus or Didrachm. 215-213 BC.
Obv.: Laureate, janiform head of the Dioscuri
Rev.: Jupiter right, holding scepter & hurling thunderbolt, in a quadriga driven by Victory, ROMA below in a tablet.
Grs. 5,7 mm. 19,5x20,9
Craw. 29/3, Sear RCV 32

1 commentsMaxentius
DenMnFonteio.jpg
28 viewsDenarius - 85 BC. - Mint of Rome
MN FONTEIVS C. f. - Gens Fonteia
Ob.: Laureate head of Apollo Vejovis right, M FONTEI CF behind, thunderbolt below, monogram below chin (ROMA or Argento Publico?)
Rev.: Infant Genius riding goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, filleted thyrsos below.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 20
Cr353/1a, Sear RCV 271.

Maxentius
DenCurtiusSilano.jpg
25 viewsDenarius - 116/115 B.C.
CN. DOMITIVS, Q. CURTIVS, M. SILANVS - Gens Curtia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Rome right. X behind; Q. CVRT before
Rev.: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding thunderbolt. A lituus above; M. SILA (LA in monogram) below. In ex. ROMA
Gs. 3,8 mm. 19,3
Craw. 285/2, Sear RCV 162
Maxentius
DenLentuloMarcello.jpg
67 viewsDenarius - 49 B.C.
L CORNELIVS LENTVLVS & C CLAVDIVS MARCELLVS - Gens Cornelia.
Obv.: Facing head of Medusa in center of triskeles, ear of corn between each leg
Rev.: Jupiter standing right with thunderbolt & eagle. LENT MAR (NT & MAR in monogram) left, COS right.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 18,4
Craw. 445/1b, Sear RCV 414.



3 commentsMaxentius
GERMANIC-1.jpg
35 viewsGERMANICVS - As minted under Caligula - 40/41 AD
Obv.: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left
Rev.: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR POT IIII P P around large SC.
Gs. 11 mm. 29,1
Cohen 4 RIC 50

Maxentius
AURELIUS-3.jpg
65 viewsMARCVS AVRELIVS - Denarius - Minted under Antoninus Pius -148/149 A.D.
Obv.:AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F, bare head right
Rev.: TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, holding spear & hand resting upon shield.
Gs. 3 mm. 18,5
Cohen 618, RIC 438b (Pius)
1 commentsMaxentius
india_elephant.jpg
75 viewsstruck under Tipu Sultan (1782 - 1799 n. Chr.)
uncertain mint in Mysore, India
10.95 g, 23 mm
Obv: Elephant walking left
Rev.: Tusk, symbol of ruler
areich
SEV ALEX-4~0.jpg
32 viewsSEVERVS ALEXANDER - Dupondius - 231/232 A.D. - Mint of Rome
Obv.: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, radiate head right
Rev.: IOVI PROPVGNATORI S C, Jupiter walking left, head right, holding thunderbolt.
Gs. 11,6 mm. 26,3
Cohen 81, RIC629
1 commentsMaxentius
DenMPletorio.jpg
59 viewsDenarius - 68/67 BC - Mint of Rome
M. PLAETORIVS M.f. CESTIANVS - Gens Plaetoria
Obv.: Bust of Vacuna right, wearing a wreathed and crested helmet, bow and quiver on shoulder, cornucopiae below chin. CESTIANVS left, S C right
Rev.: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left. M PLAETORIVS M.F. AED CVR around.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 18
Craw. 409/1, Sear RCV 349, BMRRC 3596.
For Crawford, the goddess on obverse is Isis



1 commentsMaxentius
DenPPorcioLaeca.jpg
22 viewsDenarius -110-109 BC. - Rome mint
P. PORCIVS LAECA - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; P LÆCA behind; ROMA above; X under the chin
Rev.: Roman soldier standing left, placing his hand on head of a citizen, lictor standing behind; PROVOCO in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,68x16,90
Crawf. 301/1, Sear RCV 178
It refers to Lex Porcia de provocatione, by which a citizen could appeal against military sentences


Maxentius
DenQCecilioMetello.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 130 BC. - Rome mint.
Q. CAECILIVS METELLVS - Gens Caecilia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; Q. METE (in monogram) behind, * below chin
Rev.: Jupiter with thunderbolt & branch walking in quadriga right. ROMA in exergue.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 21,38x18,86
Craw. 256/1, Sear RCV 132, Grueber 1053

Maxentius
DenScauroIpseo.jpg
70 viewsDenarius - Denarius - 58 BC.
M. AEMILIVS SCAVRVS & P. PLAVTIVS HVPSAEVS - Gens Aemilia & Plautia
Obv.:M. SCAVR AED CVR - EX S C - REX ARETAS Nabatean king Aretas kneeling before camel, holding olive branch
Rev.: P HVPSAE AED CVR - CAPTV - C HVPSAE COS PREIVE, Jupiter in quadriga left holding thunderbolt and reins; scorpion to left.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 16,65x17,40
Cr422/1b, Sear RCV 379

1 commentsMaxentius
DenCnDomizio.jpg
29 viewsDenarius - 116/115 BC. Rome mint (or in Italy)
CNAEVS DOMITIVS - Gens Domitia (Curtia)
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right with curl on left shoulder, ROMA before, X behind
Rev.: Jupiter in quadriga right with thunderbolt & branch, CN DOMI in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 19,02x19,30
Crawf. 285/1, Sear RCV 161, Grueber II 490 (Italy)

Maxentius
MAXIMIAN-5.jpg
74 viewsMAXIMIAN AE3 (Half-follis). 317-318 AD- Posthumous issue struck under Constantine I. - Mint of Siscia
Obv.: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate veiled bust right
Rev.: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand & holding scepter, SIS in ex.
Gs. 1,7 mm. 17,1
RIC 41 (R3), Cohen 495

1 commentsMaxentius
coin628.jpg
27 viewsHead of Herakles. ΚΟΡΚΥΡΑΙΩΝ Prow and name of Prytanis
Corcyra (modern Corfu) under the Romans, c.229-48 BC,
I think the magistrates name is ΦΑΛΑΚΡ[ΟΣ] on mine
Coin #628
cars100
coin620.jpg
17 viewsAntiochos VIII AE19. Diademed & radiate head right
/ BASILEWS ANTIOCOU EPIFANOUS, eagle
standing left on thunderbolt, scepter behind shoulder.
SNGIs 2501. Coin #620
cars100
coin619.jpg
20 viewsPtolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI, Æ29, Cyprus Mint.
Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right.
/ RTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS Two eagles standing
left on thunderbolt, cornucopia before. S7900; SNG
Cop. 341. VF, brown patina. Coin #619
cars100
coin618.jpg
27 views Ptolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI, Æ29, Cyprus Mint.
Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right.
/ RTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS Two eagles standing
left on thunderbolt, cornucopia before. S7900; SNG
Cop. 341. VF Coin #618
cars100
coin617.jpg
21 viewsPtolemaic Egypt, Ptolemy VI, Æ29, Cyprus Mint.
Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right.
/ RTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS Two eagles standing
left on thunderbolt, cornucopia before. S7900; SNG
Cop. 341. VF, brown patina. Coin #617

cars100
coin616.jpg
17 viewsBruttium, Lokroi Epizephyrioi
300-268 BC 5.27 g (1942) SNG Danish National Museum
1874 4.92 g (1975) SNG ANS 3 543
AE18 of Locri (Locroi Epizephyrii), 290-270 BC or later
Obv. hd Athena, wearing Corinthian helmet
Rev.winged thunderbolt, LOKRWNCoin #616
cars100
aajudaeabrit.jpg
31 viewsCaesarea, Paneas. AE23.
Obv : head of Claudius
Rev : His 3 children : Antonia, Britannicus and Octavia

Ref : RPC 4842
Hen-567
This coin type seems questionable to place under the coinage of Agrippa II since the legends do not mention Agrippa and the time of minting does not conform to the other Agrippa II coins. We will notice the absence of Agrippa's name in other issues as well. At the very least, though, it was struck at Caesarea-Paneas, so it is definitely part of the city coinage. It is catalogued in The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews in the city coinage section as #208.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
112~0.JPG
98 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
alexander_the_great.jpg
109 viewsAR drachm (4.26 gm), Lampsacus, ca. 310/9 - 309/8 BC.
Obverse: Head of young Heracles right in lion skin headdress.
Reverse: Zeus entroned left, holding eagle and sceptor, race torch under throne.
Ex:Freeman and Sear Mail Bid Sale 13, lot 696
6 commentspaul1888
Nero.jpg
87 viewsNERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS Laur head of Nero r Rev. IVPPITER CVSTOS Juppiter seated l holding thunderbolt and sceptre(Rom 67-8 ad)RIC 69 weight 3,15 Gr2 commentsspikbjorn
017~0.JPG
61 viewsPtolemy III Euergetes. Æ Hemidrachm - Triobol. Alexandreia mint. First phase, struck circa 246-242/1. Diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right; cornucopia over shoulder; E between legs. Svoronos 974 var. (control mark).

AE40 about 46.5 g.

--------------------------------

Ar 0.249g, 6.7mm
Elea(Elia?), Aeolis, AR Hemiobol. Late 5th century BC. Head of Athena left, in crested helmet / E L A I, around olive wreath, all within incuse square. SNG Cop 164 ex Forvm
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
britannicus01.jpg
48 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Constantine_I_OBVERSE.jpg
15 viewsOBVERSE - IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
high-crested helmet, cuirassed, spear across right shoulder

REVERSE - VICTORIAE LAETE PRINC PERP
TWO VICTORIES RESTING SHIELD, INSCRIBED VOT P R ON ALTAR - CONCAVE ROUND TOP ALTAR, WITH GARLAND AND TOP DOT OF GARLAND JUST UNDER ROUND TOP.
UNKNOWN IN EX. ?? UNKNOWN MINT ??

DIMENSION = 19mm
WEIGHT = 3 grams
MATERIAL = BRONZE ?

SIMON C2
maraveidi.jpg
17 viewsSpain, New World Colonies under Philip II 1551-1555. Copper 4-Maravedis. Countermarked IIII and dated counter-mark on reverse.Patrick O3
eightmaravedis.jpg
18 viewsSpain, New World Colonies under Philip II 1551-1555. Copper 8-Maravedis. Countermarked and obliterated monogram and castle on reverse.Patrick O3
IMG_1678.JPG
27 viewsHiketas II, Sicily, Syracuse Mint 287-278 BC. AE20mm . Obv. Laureate head of Zeus Hellanios left. Rev. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt. Lee S
Pella_bull.jpg
16 viewsMacedonia under Roman rule. Gaius Publius Quaestor. 148-146BC. AE19mm. Obv. Athena in crested helmet. Rev. Grazing cow right. GAIOY TAMIOU. SNG ´Cop. 1323Lee S
Schweiz_Bern_Halbbatzen_1826_Bär_Kreuz_Billon.jpg
11 viewsSchweiz - Bern

1/2 Batzen 1826 (?)

Überprägt auf ein 1/2 Batzen aus dem 18. Jahrhundert.

vgl. Divo/Tobler 44

Erhaltung: Überprägungsspuren, gewellt, sehr schön.

Durchmesser: 23 mm

Gewicht: 1,6 g Billon _591
Antonivs Protti
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_409.jpg
29 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE As 233 A.D.
26.1 mm, 11.9 grams
OBV: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
REV: PONTIF M TR P II COS P P, Securitas seated left, by lighted alter, holding scepter and supporting her head on left hand.
S-C under.
RIC- IVb- 409
ziggy9
Elis_Olympia_drachm.jpg
26 viewsELIS, Olympia. AR Drachm (4.63g), c. 245-210 BC.

Eagle flying with hare in talons / Thunderbolt, F A in field. BCD 250. good Very Fine, old toning.

Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson, with his handwritten tag.
Collecting Ancient Greek Coins (Paul Rynearson) 16d (this coin pictured).
paul1888
Marcus_Aurelius_denarius.jpg
48 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Silver Denarius (3.62 g), as Caesar, AD 138-161. Rome, under Antoninus Pius, AD 148/9. AVRELIVS CA-ESAR AVG PII F, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Reverse: TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, holding inverted spear and grounded shield. RIC 444; BMC 683; RSC 618. Ex: Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin, October 1975, lot A-805.1 commentspaul1888
57800.jpg
30 viewsWESTERN ASIATIC HEAD TABLET WITH CUNEIFORM INSCRIPTION
3rd millennium BC

A ceramic male head with three-spiked hairstyle, panel of cuneiform script to the underside.
1 commentsSpongeBob
lot943919.jpg
21 viewsFaustina II. Silver Denarius (3.27 g), Augusta, AD 147-175. Rome, under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164/5. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Faustina II right, with single circle of pearls around head. Reverse: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. Unpublished in the standard references without the peacock. Normally a peacock is shown standing at the feet of Juno on the reverse. On this coin, the bird is missing.Quant.Geek
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
35 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
_DSCCC3710.jpg
18 viewsivus Augustus (died AD 14). Orichalcum dupondius (30mm, 15.45 gm, 6h). Rome, under Claudius, AD 42-50. DIVVS AVGVSTVS, radiate head of the deified Augustus left between S – C /A, Livia seated to left holding grain ears in right hand and long torch wrapped in left arm. RIC (Claudius) 101 (R2). BMCRE (Claudius) 224. Cohen 93. Rare! Boldly struck on a large, heavy flan, from dies of exceptional style. Fantastic portrait and natural chocolate brown patina. Choice Extremely Fine. From The Lexington Collection. Ex UBS 78 (Basel, 9 September 2008), lot 1377. One of the first acts of Claudius, after his accession as emperor, was to propose that the late Livia, wife of Augustus, be deified. The Senate granted this honor in AD AD 42, 13 years after her death, and the appropriate celebrations were made. This attractive coin could be viewed as commemorating the event, depicting the long-deified Augustus along new, with his newly elevated wife. The work of cutting the dies was obviously considered important enough to be given to a master engraver, as both the portrait of Augustus and the graceful image of Livia are of outstanding quality.1 commentsRonald
110563LG.jpg
10 viewsDivus Victorinus. Died A.D. 271. Æ antoninianus (21 mm, 2.99 g, 12 h). Colonia Agrippinensis, under Tetricus I, late A.D. 271. [DI]VO VICTORINO PIO, radiate and cuirassed bust of Victorinus right / CONSA[C]RATIO, eagle standing right on globe, head left, holding wreath in beak. Cf. RIC 85 (bust); cf. Mairat 416 (bust); AGK 1b. Brown patina with a few hard green depositsQuant.Geek
0116prob2.jpg
Probus RIV VII 220, Rome.19 viewsAE Antoninianus,
Obverse: IMP PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA GERM, Trophy of cuirass, four spears and two shield
stands between two captives bound and seated back to back at the
base.
Mintmark R thunderbolt A.
NORMAN K
Agrippa_As_2.jpg
2.75 Agrippa58 viewsAGRIPPA
Æ As. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD

M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left.

Cohen 3, RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius] Fine, roughness
RI0003
Sosius
Drusus_As.jpg
3.5 Drusus21 viewsDRUSUS CAESAR
Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD.

DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.

Cohen 2, RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99 VG/aF
RI0034
Sosius
Germanicus_Signis_Receptis.jpg
4.5 Germanicus, father of Caligula38 viewsGERMANICUS
AE Dupondius. Struck under Caligula.

GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus in quadriga right / SIGNIS RECEP DEVICTIS GERM S-C, Germanicus standing left with eagle-tipped scepter.

RIC 57 [Caligula], Cohen 7, BMC 93 Fine
Ex VAuctions
RI0038
1 commentsSosius
1__antiochus_IV__j_hyrcanus_I.jpg
Hendin-45186 viewsMinted under the joint authority of Antiochos VII and John Hyrcanus I
130/131 BCE
Struck as a transitional issue at the mint of Jerusalem
Called the earliest "Jewish" coin.
Obv- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ
Seleucid anchor, upside down, date below
Rev- Lily,Symbol of Jerusalem and the Temple
Mint: Jerusalem
Meshorer: AJC 1,Supplement II,A2
1 commentsbrian l
unknown_roman.jpg
Thrace, Perinthos. Under Roman Rule. Circa 1st-2nd Century AD32 views Æ 24.5mm (8.4 gr gm).
Obv. Laureate head of Herakles left
Rev. PERIN-QIWN, Zeus seated left, holding patera and
sceptre; eagle at feet

Thank you to Akropolis for identification
1 commentsSkyler
Gordian_III_2.jpg
1 Gordian III27 viewsGordian III
Ant 4.4g, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG. Radiate and draped bust right.

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of Gordian at feet.

RIC IV-3 2
Sosius
Gordian_III_Ant_1.jpg
1 Gordian III17 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
1 commentsSosius
Gordian_III_RIC_143.jpg
1 Gordian III18 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
243-4 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

R: FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae, wheel under seat

RIC IV-3 144; Cohen 98 corr.; Sear (5) 8612
Sosius
Gordian_III_RSC_105.jpg
1 Gordian III10 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
Sosius
Titus_RIC_1252.jpg
11 Titus Æ Dupondius72 viewsTITUS
Æ Dupondius
(28mm, 13.13 g, 6h)
Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, under Vespasian, 77-78 AD

O: Laureate head right, globe at tip of neck

R: Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
RIC II 1252 (Vespasian); Lyon 107 (Vespasian). Good VF, natural green patina, minor cleaning marks.

Ex CNG
RI0054
6 commentsSosius
57314q00~0.jpg
15 Hadrian75 viewsHADRIAN
BI tetradrachm, Alexandria mint, 11.1g, 25.1mm
29 Aug 125 - 28 Aug 126 A.D.
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ ΤΡΑΙ Α∆ΡΙΑ CΕΒ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind / L ∆Ε KATOV (year 10), Canopus jar of Osiris, ornamented with figures, wearing crown of horns, uraei disk, and plumes
Kampmann-Ganschow 32.351; Geissen 903; Dattari 1326; Milne 1154; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 630; Emmett 827
Choice gVF
Purchased from FORVM

Note that at some point in this coin's history, it seems to have been used a host for very poor quality fakes. After discussion on the FORVM board, I am comfortable that this coin is indeed the original. Shame on the former owner that used it for copies!

During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld. -- FORVM
RI0073
3 commentsSosius
Hadrian_RIC_299.jpg
15 Hadrian Denarius - Travel Series30 viewsHADRIAN
AR “Travel Series” Denarius (2.8g); 136 AD.
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right / AFRICA, Africa reclining left holding scorpion & cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet
Sear 3459 vars, RIC 299, RSC 138
Note: underweight, but appears genuine
RI0093
1 commentsSosius
Aelius_RIC_II_1075_hadrian.jpg
16 Aelius16 viewsAELIUS
Æ As. Rome mint.
(26mm, 10.09 g, 6h). Struck under Hadrian, 137AD
Bare head right / Salus seated left feeding serpent rising from altar.
RIC II 1075 (Hadrian). Near EF, green patina, rough spot before Aelius’ neck.
Ex CNG
RI0074
Sosius
rjb_car245_02_07.jpg
244cf42 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARA...........VG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "IOVI CON............"
Jupiter standing left, head right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC - (cf 244-5)
mauseus
Caracalla_RIC_283b~0.jpg
25 Caracalla37 viewsCARACALLA
AR Antoninianus, Rome, 216 AD, 4.72g

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate and draped bust right / PM TRP XVIIII COS IIII PP, radiate lion with thunderbolt left

RIC 283b, C 368. VF
Ex-Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus289 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
Tacitus_Ant_RIC_145.jpg
4 Tacitus54 viewsTacitus. A.D. 275-276. Æ antoninianus (22.2 mm, 4.13 g, 6 h). Rome mint, A.D. 276. IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch, spear and shield; S in exergue. RIC 145. gVF, partially silvered.
Ex. Agora Auctions, Aug 2014, from collection of Dave Surber, founder of wildwinds.com
3 commentsSosius
Maximian_Civic_Antioch.jpg
6 Maximinus II44 viewsANTIOCH
Semi-autonomous issue under Maximinus II, ca. 310 AD

GENIO ANTOCHENI - Genius of Antioch seated, facing; Orontes swimming below / APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre.

'The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza', J. van Heesch. c.310 (Antioch).
Sosius
Probus_RIC_Rome_170.jpg
6 Probus50 viewsPROBUS
Antoninianus, Rome Mint
PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust right / FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding standards, R thunderbolt epsilon in ex.
RIC V-2 Rome 170
Sosius
rjb_car_707_07_06.jpg
70755 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "ADVENTVS AVG"
Carausius on horseback left, captive under foot
Unmarked mint
RIC 707
mauseus
Constantine_II_J_Q_Adams_-_RIC_VII_Trier_539.jpg
71 Constantine II Ex John Quincy Adams Collection29 viewsAE Follis, Trier Mint

RIC VII Trier 539, Sear (2014) 17314


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 948
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
Sosius
1186.JPG
712bis20 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "FORTVNA A"
Fortuna standing left with scales and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC -
Competent obverse but a blundered reverse
mauseus
rjb_2011_08_09.jpg
72cf16 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
IOVI CONSERVAT
Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and vertical sceptre
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf72ff)
mauseus
Licinius_JQ_Adams_RIC_VI_Thessalonica_59.jpg
8 Licinius48 viewsAE Follis, Thessalonica Mint, 312-313 AD

RIC VI Thessalonica 59


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 944
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
1 commentsSosius
815.jpg
81539 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "IOVI STATORI"
Jupiter standing right holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Unmarked mint
RIC 815
mauseus
aeeu.jpg
Aelia Eudoxia, RIC X 104 Antioch16 viewsAelia Eudoxia, AE3, 400-404 CE
Obverse: AEL EVDO_XIA AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped bust right, wearing pearl necklace and earrings, hair elaborately weaved with long plait up the back of head and tucked under diadem, hand of God holding wreath above head.
Reverse: SALVS REI_PVBLICAE, Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield set on a column
ANTG in exergue Antioch, Officina 3. 17.05mm., 1.4 g.
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
piussow~0.jpg
Antoninus Pius As Sow suckling young591 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ As. 143-144 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / IMPERATOR II S-C, Sow seated right under helm-oak, suckling four young, another before, SC in ex. RIC 733, Cohen 450, BMC 1624 ancientone
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio50 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 29 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
Claudius_II_Alexandria_eagle.jpg
Claudius II - Alexandria6 viewsBI Tetradrachm
29 Aug 270 - 28 Aug 271 AD
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
AVT K KΛAV_ΔIOC CEB
eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm under wing
L_Γ
Dattari 5413; Milne 4291; Geissen 3047; Curtis 1687; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2336
11,2g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
aeE_copy.jpg
Demetrios II, Nikator31 viewsDemetrios II. AE 13, Obv: Eagle standing right with wings open. Rev: Winged thunderbolt, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ ΘΕΟΥ ΝΙΚΑΤΟΡ. Black patina with earthen highlights, aEF. SNG Spaer 2196, Hoover HGC 9, 1139 (R1-2).Molinari
divaug.jpg
Divus Augustus AE As, RIC 81 [tib],10 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, circa 31-37 CE.
Obvwesw: DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left.
Reverse: / S-C either side of large altar, PROVIDENT in ex.
27.1 mm., 6.0 g. RIC 81 [tib], Cohen 228 [aug], BMC 146
NORMAN K
fc17.jpg
Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (31mm, 17.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula),28 viewsJOE GERANIO COLLECTION- Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (31mm, 17.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Radiate head left / Augustus(?) seated left on curule chair, holding branch. RIC I 56 (Gaius).Joe Geranio
76893q00[1].jpg
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 669 (C3); BMCRE II 153; BnF III 147; RSC II 25132 viewsSilver denarius
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right.
Reverse: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet behind.
2.85 g., 18.7 mm, Rome mint
sold 4-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
fc12.jpg
Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Æ As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 4525 viewsJoe Geranio Collection (anyone may use as long as credit is given) Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Æ As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 45 (Tiberius).1 commentsJoe Geranio
sia_067.JPG
EAGLE, GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. 74 views GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. Choice
ROMAN PROVINCES - THRACE, ANCHIALUS
GORDIAN III, Emperor, AD 238-244
GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA
AE27 (Copper, 13.02 grams, 26.50 mm).
Obverse: Greek legend: AVT K M AN GORDIANOC CAV CAB / TPANKVLLI/NA Their two draped busts confronted.
Reverse: Greek legend: OVLPIANWN ANXIALEVN Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt with open wings, head right, holding wreath in its beak. Reference: Sear GIC -, BMC # 21 page 86.

6500
2 commentsAntonio Protti
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
22807_Gallienus_antoninianus,_RIC_V_214,_VF,_Rome.jpg
IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, RIC V 214 Rome39 viewsGallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 214, VF, Rome mint, 2.304g, 19.5mm, 180o, 260 - 268 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse IOVI PROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, head right, thunderbolt in right, XI left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Alexander_III_The_Great,_AR_teradrachm_Amphipolis_Mint~0.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Amphipolis Mint under Antipater102 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; janiform head vase in left field. Graffiti in upper left field - Aramaic kaph (k) and sadhe (s).

Price 6; Troxell, Studies, Issue A3; SNG Cop 660; Muller 853.
Struck at Amphipolis in the period 332-329 BC.

(29 mm, 17.15 g, 2h)

This is one of the first emissions of Alexander’s coinage struck in his homeland, albeit about three years after he departed for Asia Minor. Recent scholarship places the start of Alexander’s distinctive coinage in 333/2 BC at Tarsos, in eastern Asia Minor, shortly after which the design was transferred to Macedonia where Alexander’s coinage was struck under the authority of his regent in Greece, Antipater. Die studies indicate that this coin was from the fourth tetradrachm emission of a mint in Macedonia, most probably Amphipolis. It was most probably struck in the period 332-329 BC. The Aramaic graffiti on the reverse, plus the obverse reverse rim test cut are pointers to the likelihood that this coin travelled beyond its location of issue in Macedonia, into the eastern Mediterranean where Aramaic was the main spoken language.
3 commentsn.igma
1390_L_Senticius.jpg
L. Sentius C.f. - AR denarius7 views²96 BC
¹101 BC
Rome
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(AR)G·PVB
Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter, thunderbolt and reins
D
L·SENTI·C·F
¹Crawford 325/1b, SRCV I203, Sydenham 600, RSC I Sentia 1
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,00g
ex Gorny & Mosch

Moneyer held praetorship in 93-89 BC.
Johny SYSEL
a_046.JPG
Lysimachos 41 viewsLysimachos
Drachm Colophon 301-297 b.c

Obverse:Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Reverse:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑΧΟΥ;Zeus on throne holding eagle; forepart of lion and torch at left field, pentagram under throne

17.31mm 4.10gm

Price L26 ; Thompson 126
maik
FC21.jpg
MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ 17mm 32 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (anyone can use as long as credit is give) MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Æ 17mm (3.93 g). Laureate head right / Founder standing right, behind two yoked oxen. RPC I 1657.Joe Geranio
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
FC20.jpg
Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horseback21 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (Anyone may use as long as credit is given-(Joe Geranio JCIA) Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Æ Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horsebackJoe Geranio
Ptolemy_V_Epiphanes_AE_Tetrobol.jpg
Ptolemy V Epiphanes13 viewsAlexandria mint.
Æ Tetrobol
27mm, 14.24 grams
205-180 BC., Struck circa 197-183/2 BC.
Wreathed and draped bust of Isis right
Eagle standing left on thunderbolt.
Svoronos 1234; Weiser 130; SNG Copenhagen 247
jaseifert
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC75 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
IMG_0351.JPG
Q. Sicinius11 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Q. Sicinius. Early 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.89 g, 4h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right / Palm frond with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; wreath above. Crawford 440/1; CRI 1; Sydenham 938; Sicinia 5. Near VF, toned, some iridescence, banker’s marks and a couple scratches under tone on obverse, traces of deposits, a few minor marks on reverse.

Ex CNG
1 commentsecoli
935229_522469501123299_725249295_n.jpg
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 188 - 84 B.C.105 viewsSilver hemidrachm, cf. SNG Keckman 642 ff. (various magistrates and control symbols)Dexikrates, Fine/Fair, scratches, underweight (perhaps imitative), 0.905g, 13.0mm, 135o, Rhodos (Rhodes) mint, c. 188 - 84 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse rose with bud to right, P-O in fields, magistrates name above,ΔΕΞΙΚΡΑΤΗΣ, control symbol lower left, all within a shallow square incuse;7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
171.jpg
Δ and KA (monogram of)295 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander. Æ 28. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AV▪K▪M▪AVP▪CEOVHPAΛEZA-NΔPO. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) on chest, (2) partly under (1). Rev: CEΛE(-YKEΩN)KAΛY-KA-ΔNΩ. Tyche of Seleuceia seated left on rock in distyle shrine, holding grains; river-god Calycadnus swimming left below. Ref: BMC -; SNG Levante Supp. 196 (same obv. die, var. rev. leg.). Axis: 195°. Weight: 9.91 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Monogram of K and A, in shaped punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 618 (52 pcs). Note: The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. Collection Automan.Automan
00034x00.jpg
30 viewsROME
PB (?) Tessera (24mm, 5.89 g, 2 h)
· FELICIA, counterclockwise around shield (perhaps a 3rd century oval scutum?)
Bundle of thunderbolts, S C flanking
Unpublished

The metal appears too light for lead and is perhaps pewter or some other alloy. Until the metal content is scientifically analyzed and found to be similar to other ancient objects, I remain unconvinced of it's authenticity.
Ardatirion
00054x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.90 g, 6h)
Jupiter standing facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter; to left, eagle standing left
SOD
Rostovtsev -

The sodales were composed of individuals either too young or too old to be active members of the iuvenes.
Ardatirion
00037x00~0.jpg
30 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79.
Fourrée Denarius (18mm, 2.14 g, 7 h)
Copying a Rome mint issue of AD 77-78.
Laureate head right
Pair of oxen under yoke left
Cf. RIC II 943
1 commentsArdatirion
Retarrifed_Vespasian_as.jpg
105 viewsROME. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79.
Æ As (20mm, 9.84 g, 6 h)
Rome mint. Struck AD 77-78.
Retarrifed under by the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy as 42 nummi, 6th century AD.
Laureate head left; XLII (= mark of value, 42 nummi) carved before bust
Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt
For host coin:cf. RIC II 1101. For revaluation: cf. Morrisson, Re-use 19; cf. MEC 1, 76 (Vespasian)

Ex Giamba Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 82, 16 September 2009), lot 1139
3 commentsArdatirion
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50 viewsGAUL, Uncertain mint (Treveri?). Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14
Æ Quadrans(?) (17mm, 2.7g)
Germanus Indutilli L(ibertus), magistrate. Struck circa 10 BC.
Diademed male head right
Bull butting left
RPC I 506; RIC I 249; Scheers, Traite" 216
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72 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Token (28mm, 8.74 g, 1h)
Dies by John Gibbs. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1838.
* AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE
Ship under sail right
A FRIEND */ TO THE CONSTITUTION
Bull standing right
Rulau HT 24; Low 66
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90 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837-1842.
· (rosette) · I TAKE THE · (rosette) ·/ RESPONSIBILITY, half length bust of Jackson emerging from chest, holding saber and money bag
· THE CONSTITUTION ·/ AS I UNDERSTAND IT. Mule standing left, LL.D on flank; above, ROMAN/ FIRMNESS; below, VETO
Rulau HT 72; Low 53

Ex Steve Hayden (20 July 2014), lot 429; Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2627
1 commentsArdatirion
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
Ardatirion
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44 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. John Gibbs, manufacturer
CU Token. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck circa 1838.
* AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE, ship under sail right
J GIBBS MANUFACTURER/ [OF]/ MEDALS/ AND/ TOKENS/ &C/ NJ/ * BELLEVILLE
Rulau HT 202; Low 150

Ex Robert Williams Collection (Steve Hayden, 11 December 2016), lot 363; Steve Hayden (2 December 2012), lot 585
Ardatirion
00023x00~0.jpg
21 viewsAelius. Caesar, AD 136-138.
Fourrée Denarius Core (18mm, 2.68 g, 6 h)
Copying a Rome mint issue struck under Hadrian, AD 137
Laureate head right
Pietas standing left, dropping incense on flaming altar and holding box of perfumes
Cf. RIC II 432
Ardatirion
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29 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/A; Colver & Harley 1; KM Tn 2

The first regular strike in the sequence.
Ardatirion
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50 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/E; Colver & Harley 5; KM Tn 2
1 commentsArdatirion
00002x00~2.jpg
82 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent (28.5mm, 10.38 g, 1h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by Gibbs. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA. Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/B; Colver & Harley 2; KM Tn 1
Ardatirion
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37 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA. Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/B; Colver & Harley 2; KM Tn 1

Ex Westfälische Auktionsgesellschaft Online Auction 91 (4 November 2018), lot 259
Ardatirion
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8 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/D; Colver & Harley 6; KM Tn 1
2 commentsArdatirion
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10 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/D; Colver & Harley 6; KM Tn 1
Ardatirion
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32 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847
CU Cent
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833
LIBERIA, Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 4/D; Colver & Harley 4; KM Tn1

The final regular strike in the sequence.
Ardatirion
00001x00~13.jpg
19 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 1/D; Colver & Harley –; KM Tn2

Ex Katz E-Auction 24 (14 August 2019), lot 900

The obverse of this token is from the first regular circulation issue, here heavily repolished and paired with a die from one of the final strikes, linking the two otherwise distinct sets of obverse dies. Only seven examples of this pairing are known. Snyder notes that die pairing 3/C, presently unlinked to others, could place between the first (obv 5 & 1) and second group (obv 2 &4). As obverses 3 and 4 both occur with significant breaks, this 1/D pairing may have been struck to replace either 3 or 4, with the later being more likely considering the sequence, and the 3/C pair the final set of dies used.
Ardatirion
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5 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA, nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 3/E; Colver & Harley 3; KM Tn 2
Ardatirion
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65 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966
AL Twenty-five Cent Token (24mm, 1.48 g, 11h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 25¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
Ardatirion
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Ten Cent Token (22.5mm, 1.28 g, 2h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 10¢/ IN TRADE
Lipscomb WO 8051; TC 226639

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
Ardatirion
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16 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Five Cent Token (21.5mm, 1.16 g, 8h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 5¢/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
Ardatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
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D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
charles2-denier-mellex.JPG
D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)36 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
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Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
Droger
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Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
Droger
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Dy.233 Philip IV (the Fair): obole bourgeoise13 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Obole bourgeoise (1311)

Billon (270 ‰), 0.59 g, diameter 14-16 mm, die axis 6h
O: +PhILIP-PVS REX; latine cross interrupting the legend
R: BVRGENSIS, under a fleur-de-lis: nOV/VS
Droger
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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-2eme.JPG
Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-3eme.JPG
Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-4eme.JPG
Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
Droger
philippe6-grosalaqueue.JPG
Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
Droger
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"8 Zhu" Ban Liang of Qin Kingdom (Eastern Zhou Dynasty)24 viewsMinted 300-220 BCE.

Two huge Chinese characters - Ban Liang ("Half an ounce"), no rims or other marks / Blank, no rims. Unfiled edges.

This very large thin coins of variable weight were made under the very late Zhou dynasty - they are local issues, and might belong either to the late "Warring States" period or the early Qin period.

31mm, 3.52 grams. Hartill #7.4.
Belisarius
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa35 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ø 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
zeus_ram_beth.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH56 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 21 mm 7.36 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
1 commentslaney
antioch_ram_star_2_res.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH34 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 19.5 mm 6.58 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
laney
AUGUSTUS_COMMEM_LIVIA~0.jpg
(00040) LIVIA (WITH AUGUSTUS)43 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
AUGUSTUS (COMMEMORATIVE, POSTHUMOUS)
UNDER TIBERIUS, 15 - 26 AD
AE 27mm 9.86g
O: RAD HEAD L, STAR ABOVE
R: LIVIA STD R, FEET ON STOOL, HLDG PATERA/ S-C
ROME
laney
hadrian_isis_egypt.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN40 views117-138 AD
(struck 133-134 AD)
Æ Drachm 34 mm 21.58 gm
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Isis Pharia standing right, wearing chiton, peplos and headdress of horns, disk and plumes, billowing sail in both hands and under left foot, sistrum in right; I / L - H across lower fields (year 18)
Alexandria, Roman Egypt
SNG Cop. 384; BMC Alexandria p. 89, 754 var; Köln.1118
laney
hadrian_quadrans~0.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN14 views117-138 AD
Æ quadrans 19 mm, 2.93 g
Struck ca. 122-125.
O: Eagle standing left, head right
R: Winged thunderbolt, SC below
Rome, RIC 624
laney
hadrian_eagle_alex_diobol.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN14 views117 - 138 AD
Dated Year 19 = 134/5 AD
Æ diobol 24.5 mm, 8.35 g
O: AVT KAIC TPAIAN AΔPIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right
R: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left.
Egypt, Alexandria; Milne -, Emmett 1122 (scarce)
d.s.
laney
fourree.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
SILVER-PLATED DENARIUS (FOUREE) 2.70 g 17 mm
O: COS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P III
BARE HEAD RIGHT
(P P = 139 AD, COS III = 140 AD)
R: HO-N-OS
HONOS, TOGATE, STANDING L HOLDING BRANCH AND CORNUCIPIAE
Reverse cf. BMC 41, 264; RIC 79, 422; Cohen 235, 236.
Minted under Antoninus Pius for Marcus Aurelius as Caesar in Rome, 140 - 144 AD
(mismatching dies in silverplated denarii is not uncommon)
laney
M_AUREL_HILAR_RES3.jpg
(0161)MARCUS AURELIUS, as Caesar27 views161 - 180 ad) (as Augustus)
138 - 161 (as Caesar)
Struck 145 AD, as Caesar under Antoninus Pius
AE As 26 mm 10.01 g
O: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS II, bare head r.
Rome, cf. RIC 1260
R: HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing front, head l., with palm and cornucopia; in field S - C.
laney
commodus_philipp_eagle_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS12 views177 - 192 AD
AE 18.5 mm, 4.27 g
O: Laureate head right
R: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΙΣΤΩΝ Eagle standing on thunderbolt, slightly right, head left, wings partially open, wreath in beak; something to right of eagle
Thrace, Philippopolis
laney
commodus_eagle_philippb.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS13 views177-192 AD
AE 17.5 mm, 4.66 g
O: Laureate bust of Commodus right
R: Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head reverted
Thrace, Philippopolis. cf Varbanov 1028 var.
laney
commodus_kybele_hadri_rev.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--HADRIANOPOLIS47 views177 - 192 AD
(under governor of Thrace Julius Castus)
AE 28 mm; 16.62 g
O: AY KAI Λ AYPH KOMOΔOC draped bust right
R: Cybele riding lion running right
Thrace, Hadrianopolis
Jurukova, Hadrianopolis 124 (V 75/R 124), citing specimens in Munich and Paris
d.s.

laney
septimius_sev.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS54 views193 - 211 AD
Struck 196-198 AD, under governor Statilius Barbarus
AE 27 mm, 12.31 g
O: AV KAI CE CEVHPOC ΠE Laureate, draped, curiassed bust right
R: HΓE CTA BAPBAPOV ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN Emperor riding a galloping horse right with transverse spear and flowing mantle
Thrace,Philippopolis; cf Varbanov 1193 (same dies; said to be unpublished, in collection of O. Gavrailov)
laney
sept_sev_herak_beig_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS39 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN / PROC ICTR; bow in exe; Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1309; b) Varbanov (engl.) 2710 corr. (doesn't mention club and bow)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25
d) Voegtli type 4m; Stoll, Herakles 39
Rare
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
sept_sev_homon_mar.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS20 views193-211 AD
AE 26.8 mm; 9.62 g
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
O: AV KL CEPT - CEVHROC Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: V FL OVLPIANOV - MARKI[ANOP]OLITWN Homonoia, in long garment, standing left., holding cornucopiae and and patera
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 580; Varbanov (engl.) 834; Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.14.36.17
d.s.
laney
septimius_horseback.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS21 views193 - 211 AD
Struck 196-198 AD, under governor Statilius Barbarus
AE 27 mm, 12.31 g
O: AV KAI CE CEVHPOC ΠE Laureate, draped, curiassed bust right
R: HΓE CTA BAPBAPOV ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN Emperor riding a galloping horse right with transverse spear and flowing mantle
Thrace,Philippopolis; cf Varbanov 1193 (same dies; said to be unpublished, in collection of O. Gavrailov)
laney
septimius_cretan_bull_x.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS21 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot; PPOC ICTP and bow in exergue.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG I 1309. Varbanov 2134. Voegtli type 4m. Stoll, Herakles 39. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25 Very rare
laney
septimius_eagle.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS12 views193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm, 8.86 g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, head left with wreath in its beak
Thrace, Anchialus; Moushmov 2832.
laney
septim_diony_retrograde_leg_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (Retrograde Reverse Legend)25 views193-211 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.41 g
(struck under governor Aurelius Gallus)
O: [AV KL] CEP - CEVHRO[C P] Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: VP AVR GALL - OV NIKOPOLIT / PROC I (retrograde, beginning at 5 o'clock, counterclockwise)
Dionysos, nude, wearing boots, standing left, resting with raised left hand on thyrsos, lowered right hand holding kantharos and pouring
wine
ref. a) not in AMNG
obv. AMNG I/1, 1304
rev. legend not in AMNG
AMNG I/1, 1306 (depiction)
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.8.8
d) Blancon list 43, 2003
Nikocopolis ad Istrum; very rare
(one of the rare coins with retrograde legend)
laney
caracalla_nike_r.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA68 views198 - 217 AD
AE 29 mm 13.69 g
O: AV K MA P ANTWNINOC, laureat draped bust right
R: HG E KAIKI LARGOV OVLPIA C , ERDI IN EXE.
Nike advancing right holding wreath and branch
SERDICA
(under Hegemon Caecina Largus)
Varbanov 2133; not in Ruzicka; rare
1 commentslaney
caracalla_roma_wht_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA30 views198-217 AD
AE As 24 mm, 9.57 g
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Laureate head right
R: P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory and spear, helmet under feet, kneeling figure of German before; SC in exe
Rome; cf RIC IV 533, Cohen 264; scarce
laney
carac_herac_apples.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA28 views198 - 217 AD
struck 201 - 203 AD (under legatus consularis Aurelius Gallus)
AE26 Tetrassarion 25 x 26 mm; 9.92 g
O: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO Laureaet bust of Caracalla draped in paludamentum, right
R: VΠ AV ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛIT Herakles Farnese standing right, right hand behind back (hides the "Apples of the Hesperides"), resting on club set on rock, ΠPOCI beneath
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint; Hristova/Jekov No.8.18.14.6, not listed in AMNG also not listed in Varbanov. Rare

laney
caracalla_pautalia_temple.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA (Pautalia)27 views198 – 217 AD
(struck 202-203 under Governor Sicinnius Clarus)
AE 28 mm, 12.20 g
O: AΥ K M AΥΡ – ANTΩNINOΣ Laureate draped bust right
R: .: HΓ ΣIKINNIO-Υ KΛAΡ OΥ/ΛΠIAΣ / ΠAΥTAΛIAΣ Asklepios with snake-encoiled rod standing in tetrastyle temple; snake in gable, tree in left field
Thrace, Pautalia; Ruzicka, Pautalia ¬; Varbanov, GIC II, 4958 (rare)
laney
AUGUSTUS_OXEN1.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS55 views27 BC - 14 AD
AE 19mm 3.24.g
O: HEAD R
R: TWO FOUNDERS PLOWING WITH TWO OXEN
MACEDON, PHILIPPI OR MYSIA, PARIUM
laney
pegasus1~0.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS26 viewsTIME OF AUGUSTUS (31 BC - 14 AD)
AE 17 mm 3.24 g
O: PEGASUS FLYING R
R: P AEBV / TIO SP F / C HEIO / PAMPH[I / [LO]
(UNDER THE PREFECTS P. AEBUTIUS SP F AND C. HEIUS PAMPHILUS)
Corinth, (Amandry IX D1 R1) RARE
laney
AUG_OXEN_RES.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS21 views27 BC - 14 AD
AE 17.5 mm max. 4.62 g
O: HEAD R, AVG BEHIND
R: TWO FOUNDERS PLOWING WITH TWO OXEN
MACEDON, PHILIPPI OR MYSIA, PARIUM
laney
augustus_col_ivl_founder.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS19 views27 BC - 14 AD
Struck 12- 14 AD
AE 24 mm; 9.17 g
O: IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS bare head right
R: COL IVL founder plowing left with yoke of oxen.
Phoenicia, Berytus; RPC 4540
laney
AUGUSTUS_COMMEM_LIVIA.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (COMMEMORATIVE, POSTHUMOUS)24 viewsUNDER TIBERIUS, 15 - 26 AD
AE 27mm 9.86g
O: RAD HEAD L, STAR ABOVE
R: LIVIA STD R, FEET ON STOOL, HLDG PATERA/ S-C
ROME
laney
AUG_ox_blk.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (Posthumous restoration issue)30 viewsStruck under Trajan, 98–102 AD,
Æ 23 mm, 13.16 g
o: DIVOS AVGVSTVS – Bare head of Augustus
R: COL·/IVL in upper field, on r., AVG and on l. BER; Founder, veiled, ploughing to r. with ox and cow
Phoenicia, Berytus
cf. Sawaya 2009, p. 37, No, 565; cf. BMC Phoenicia 53 ff
laney
aug_bery_oxen_res.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (Posthumous restoration issue)29 views27 BC - 14 AD
Restoration issue struck during the time of Trajan, 98 - 117 AD
AE 24 mm; 10.25 g
O: [DIVOS] AVGV[STVS], bare headed bust facing right
R: Founder, veiled, plowing to r. with two oxen
Berytus; BMC 62 (scarce)
laney
aug_bery_oxen_2_res.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (Posthumous restoration issue)28 views27 BC - 14 AD
Restoration issue struck during the time of Trajan, 98 - 117 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 13.16 g
O: [DIV]OS AVGVSTVS, bare headed bust facing right
R: Founder, veiled, plowing to r. with two oxen
Berytus; BMC 62 (scarce)
1 commentslaney
AUGUSTUS_PROVIDENT.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (POSTHUMOUS)30 viewsUNDER TIBERIUS, 31 - 37 AD
AE 26mm 9.62g
O: [DIVVS AVGVS]TVS PATER
RAD HEAD L
R: PROVIDENT BELOW LARGE ALTAR, S-C EITHER SIDE
ROME
laney
AUG_THUN_WHT2.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (POSTHUMOUS)17 views"DIVUS AUGUSTUS" POSTHUMOUS ISSUE
Struck 34 - 37 AD. under Tiberius
AE As 26.5 mm max., 9.5 g
O: Radiate head of Augustus left
R: Large winged thunderbolt between S - C.
Rome, RIC 83 (Tiberius)
laney
augustus_provid.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS (POSTHUMOUS)19 viewsstruck UNDER TIBERIUS, 31 - 37 AD
AE 26mm 5.03 g
O: [DIVVS AVGV[STVS PATER
RAD HEAD L
R: PROVIDENT BELOW LARGE ALTAR, S-C EITHER SIDE
ROME
laney
macrinus_niko_b.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS44 views217 - 218 AD
struck under governor Statius Longinus
AE 27.5 mm max; 11.52 g
O: AVT K M OPELLI CEV . MAKR[EINOC AVG] Laureate bust, right
R: VP CTATI LONGINO/V NIKOPOLITWN PR/O ICTRW Homonoia standing left, holding cornucopia and patera (phiale mesomphalos).
d.s.
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1777 (2 ex., Berlin, München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3547 corr. (cites AMNG 1777 but writes LONGINOV)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.23.36.12
laney
macrinus_zeus_nicop_bx.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS32 views217 - 218 AD
AE 27 mm; 14.35 g
(struck under governor Statius Longinus)
O: Laureate head of Macrinus right
R: Zeus seated lleft holding long scepter and patera
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis
AMNG 1720-1723
d.s.
laney
elag_eagle.jpg
(0218) Elagabalus54 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25mm 11.92g
O: Laureate head right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1993
laney
elagabal_nob_ruf_redb.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS30 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25 mm, 10.29 g
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC laureate bust right
R: VΠ NO / BIOV POV / ΦOV NIKO / ΠOΛITΩN / ΠPOC IC / TPΩ in six lines within laurel wreath.
Nicopolis ad Istrum, under governor Novius Rufus
Varbanov 3874 (3941?); AMNG 2008v
laney
elagab_eagle_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS30 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25mm 11.92g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1991-1993 v.
laney
elagal_nik_eagle.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS13 views218 - 222 AD
AE 24.5 mm; 9.63 g
O: Laureate draped bust right
R: Eagle standing facing, open wings, head turned left, holding wreath in beak;
Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior; under Governor Nobius Rufus
cf AMNG 1991-1993 v.
laney
sev_alex_caesarea_ad_libanum.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER26 viewsIssued 221-222 AD (as Caesar, struck under Elagabalus)
AE 23 mm; 9.93 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Tetrastyle tripartite temple of Astarte; Astarte stands in middle section, facing, holding standard in right hand with left foot set on prow; Nike stands on cippus to Astarte's right, crowning her; river god beneath, swimming right; outside staircases lead to the side-wings; in the left wing goddess with kalathos stands facing between two animals; in the right wing female figure stands facing.
BMC 110, 9; Lindgren II, 1321, 2288 (Rare)
Phoenicia, Caesarea ad Libanum
laney
sev_al_nemesis.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER21 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.52 g
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
O: AVT KM AVR CEVH - ALEZANDROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (WN ligate Aequitas standing left holding cornucopiae and scales
Markianopolis; cf AMNG I/1, 1003; Varbanov (engl.) 1769; Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.32.35.16 d); Pfeiffer 532
laney
sev_alex_mamaea_hera.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA10 views222-235 AD
(under governor Tiberius Julius Festus)
AE 26 mm max, 7.34 g
O: Confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R: Hera standing head left holding patera and long scepter; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
laney
gallienus_propug_res.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS25 views253 - 268 AD
struck 260 - 268 AD
AE antoninianus 21 mm max. 1.98 g
O: [GALLIE]NVS AVG, radiate head right
R: [IOVI P]ROPVGNAT, Jupiter standing facing, nude but for cloak over shoulder, head right, brandishing thunderbolt in right, XI left
RIC V 214, ROME
laney
salonina_venus_a_res.jpg
(0253) SALONINA48 views(wife of Gallienus; mother of emperors Valerian II and Saloninus) 253 - 268 AD
struck 287 AD
Billon antoninianus 20.5 mm 3.57 g
Obverse: SALONINA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right, on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait up the back of head, under stephane.
Reverse: VENVS AVG, Venus standing left, holding helmet and spear, one arm resting on shield.
PXV in exe
Antioch
Unlisted in Sear, Van Meter #45, RSC #113, RIC 86.
1 commentslaney
cl_goth_iovi_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS19 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21 mm 3.30 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding spear and thunderbolt, eagle at feet left
(Third--final--Emission. A few (4) are recorded by Gyssen in CENB 1999: Not in RIC)
Cyzicus mint.
laney
sever.jpg
(0270) SEVERINA26 views(wife of Aurelian)
270 - 275 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 X 24 mm, 3.97 g
O: SEVERI_NAE AVG Diademed draped bust right, on crescent, hair brushed back in straight lines and carried in long loop to front, then tucked under diadem
R: CONCOR_DIAE MILITVM Concordia standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; Q in right field, XXI in exe
Antioch in Pisidia
RIC V, Part I, 13.
laney
probus_quad_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS18 views276 - 282 AD
struck 281 AD (6th Emission, Officina 3)
AE 20.5 mm 3.36 g
O: PROBVS PF AVG radiate bust left h olding eagle-tipped scepter
R: SOLI INVICTO Sol in quadriga left, right hand raised, globe and whip in left hand; R Thunderbolt G in exe.
Rome mint; RIC 203
laney
titus_bery_cm_res.jpg
(11) TITUS31 views69 - 79 AD (as Caesar)
AE 26 mm, 9.2 g
O: Bare head left; c/m (Howgego 243): Astarte standing facing, holding scepter, being crowned by Nike on low column
R: Veiled founder plowing right with two yoked oxen.
Phoenicia, Berytus; RPC 2045
laney
domitian_denar_blk_copy.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN44 views81 - 96 AD
Struck as Caesar under Titus 80 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm 2.31 g
O: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII Laureate head right
R: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Minerva advancing right with javelin and shield
Rome RCV 2674
laney
domitian_nike_bow_res.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN (AGRIPPA II)33 viewsHerodian Dynasty--Agrippa II
55 - 95 AD
Struck under Domitian
AE 19.5 mm 4.77 g
O: Laureate bust of Domitian right
R: Nike standing right, holding shield on knee
"Judaea Capta" issue
Judaea, Caesarea mint
laney
domitian_denar_minerva_caesar.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN as Caesar14 views81 - 96 AD
Struck as Caesar under Titus 80 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm 2.31 g
O: CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII Laureate head right
R: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Minerva advancing right with javelin and shield
Rome RCV 2674
laney
Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1882 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.69 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
markianopolissevalex.jpg
*Moesia, Markianopolis. AE24. Severus Alexander(A.D. 222 - 235) Struck under governor Alexander Julius Gaetulicus.27 viewsObv. AVT K M AV CEVH [ALEXAN]DPOC, Severus Alexander bust r.
Rev. VP IOV GETOV - LI - KOV MARKIAN[OP / OLIT] --> WN in lower left field, Serapis standing left, right hand raised, holding sceptre in left.
Hristova&Jekov, p. 171, no. 6.32.6.3.; AMNG I, 1, no. 982.
ancientone
Galba.jpg
*SOLD*35 viewsGalba Copper As

Attribution: RIC I 431, Cohen 274, rare
Date: AD 68-69
Obverse: SER GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG PON MA TR P, laureate head r.
Reverse: legionary eagle on thunderbolt between two military standards, S-C across fields
Size: 26.7 mm
Weight: 9.2 grams
ex-Forvm
1 commentsNoah
commodus777.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsCommodus AE Sestertius

Attribution: RIC 525, scarce
Date: AD 188-189
Obverse: M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head r.
Reverse: IOVI IVVENI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P, Jupiter standing facing l., holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle at feet, S-C across fields
Noah
prutahjanfull1.jpg
0 - Alexander Jannaeus Prutah - H. 469112 viewsThis coin, minted under the reign of Alexander Jannaeus (103 BCE - 76 BCE), is a bronze prutah.
OBV. Upside-down achor reading BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY.
REV. Eight ponted star, letters in the spokes, reading 'Yehonatan the King'.
aarmale
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
------
Bust, cut.
rexesq
419Hadrian_RIC--.jpg
0001 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Concordia47 viewsReference.
RIC --; Mule obverse of Hadrian, reverse of Sabina

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP.
Laureate head right.

Rev. CONCORDIA AVG
Concordia, draped, seated left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left; cornucopiae under seat.

3.41 gr
17 mm
h
okidoki
367Hadrian_RIC14.jpg
0002 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia73 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -;

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS CONCORD in exergue.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33
4 commentsokidoki
RI 001a img.jpg
001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230105 viewsÆ As.
Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Didrachm-Syd-64.jpg
001. Didrachm.16 viewsDidrachm, ca 225-212 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Janiform heads.
Reverse: ROMA / Jupiter in quadriga, holding spear and hurling thunderbolt.
Victory behind him.
6.70 gm., 24 mm.
Syd. #64; Sear #31.
Callimachus
42Hadrian__RIC4c.jpg
0015 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia41 viewsReference
Strack 3; RIC III, 15; C.250; RIC II, 4

Bust B1 with Balteus strap

Obv: IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER DAC.
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, balteus strap over shoulder and across chest.

Rev: PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P in exergue CONCORD.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes standing on cippus, cornucopiae under chair.

3.0 gr.
18 mm
12h
okidoki
Augustus_AE-Postumus-Dup-Under-Tiberius_DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-dot-PATER-Radiate-head-left_PROVIDENT-Altar-large-S-C-on-either-side__RIC-81_C-228_Rome_22-23-AD-_Q-001_27-28mm_10,55g-s.jpg
002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #1280 views002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #1
avers:- DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-•-PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
exe: S/C//PROVIDENT, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 10,55g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Augustus_AE-Postum-Dup-Under-Tiberius_DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-two-dot-PATER-Radiate-head-left_PROVIDENT-Altar-large-S-C_RIC-81_C-228_Rome_22-3-AD-_Q-002_axis-5h_26-27,5mm_10,47g-s.jpg
002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #2340 views002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #2
avers:- DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-:-PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
exe: S/C//PROVIDENT, diameter: 26-27,5mm, weight: 10,47g, axis:- 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
Q-002
4 commentsquadrans
Augustus_AE-AS_C-CAESAR-AVG-GERMANICVS-PON-M-TR-POT_PROVIDEx_S-C_RIC-xx_BMC-xx_C-xx_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_h_29mm_9,88gx-s.jpg
002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #385 views002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #3
avers:- DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-:-PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
exe: S/C//PROVIDENT, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 9,85g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
Q-003
quadrans
Augustus_AE-Post-Dup-Under-Tiberius_DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-P-dot-ATER-Radiate-head-left_PROVIDENT-Altar-large-S-C__RIC-81_C-228_Rome_22-23-AD-_Q-004_5h_27,5-28,5mm_10,19g-s.jpg
002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #4105 views002a Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 081, Rome, AE-As, PROVIDENT, Postumus, Under Tiberius, #4
avers: DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-P•ATER, Radiate head left.
revers: PROVIDENT, Altar large S-C on either side.
exe: S/C//PROVIDENT, diameter: 27,5-28,5mm, weight: 10,19g, axis:5h,
mint: Rome, date: 22-23 A.D., ref: RIC-I-81, C-228,
Q-004
1 commentsquadrans
Augustus_79-81-AD_AR-Ant_DIVO-AVGVSTO_CONSECRATIO_RIC_78_C-(Augustus)_578_Rome_Trajan_Decius_AD_249-251_Q-001_7h_20-21,5mm_3,37ga-s.jpg
002d Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0078 (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Flaming Altar,108 views002d Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0078 (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Flaming Altar,
avers:- DIVO-AVGVSTO, Radiate head of Divus Augustus right.
revers:- CONSECRATIO, Flaming altar.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5mm, weight: 3,37g, axis:7 h,
mint: Rome, date: struck under Trajan Decius, 249-251, A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 78; p-130C (Augustus) 578;
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Domitian.jpg
003 - Domitian (as Caesar under Titus 79-81 AD), Dupondius - RIC 165a52 viewsObv: CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, laureated head right.
Rev: CERES AVGVST S - C, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears and long torch.
Minted in Rome 80-81 AD.
pierre_p77
003_Justinian_I.JPG
003. Justinian I, 527-565. AE 40 Nummi.58 viewsObv. Helmeted bust of Justinian facing, holding globe surmounted with cross.
Rev. Large M with A underneath, NIK below, ANNO XIII to sides.
Nikomedia Mint, 541.
2 commentsLordBest
622Hadrian_RIC535b.JPG
0035 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 117 AD Concordia seated80 viewsReference.
RIC cf535b; BMC cf1104; Strack cf502; Banti 145 ( 1 example)

Bust A4 with Balteus strap

Obv. IMP CAES DIVI TRAIAN AVG F TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER,
Laureate bare bust with drapery, and balteus

Rev DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS P P, CONCORDIA and S C in field
Concordia seated left on throne, holding out patera and resting on a figure of Spes; cornucopia under throne

24.78 gr
35 mm
6h


When he became emperor following the death of Trajan in 117 AD, questions immediately arose regarding the validity of Hadrian's succesion. Although it is clear from Hadrian's early career and marriage to Sabina (Trajan's grand-niece) that the emperor brought his young kinsman within the imperial court, Trajan, unlike Nerva before, made no move to adopt Hadrian formally, instead possibly preferring others. This fact prompted Hadrian, in the early days of his reign to emphasize his legitimacy to the succession. Hadrian declared Trajan divus and ordered his ashes installed in the Column of his newly complete Forum. Trajan's name and titles were incorporated into the new imperial nomenclature, a privilege reserved solely for legitimate heirs. At the same time, coins were struck to associate the new reign with the previous administration and declare a peaceful transferral of power. The legend DAC PARTHICO (in the dedicatory dative), clearly refers to Trajan, while the Concordia reverse type (to date, uncommon with the addition of Spes), emphasized by the inclusion of CONCORDIA in the exergue, demonstrated Hadrian's potential willingness for the time to continue Trajan's policies, thereby insuring continued political harmony, something which disintegrated as Hadrian's reign progressed.
1 commentsokidoki
0036.jpg
0036 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC73 viewsObv/Head of Genius Populi Romani r. with sceptre over shoulder.
Rev/Eagle on thunderbolt r., on l. lituus, on r. jug, below Q CASSIVS.

Ag, 19.4mm, 3.59g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/3 [dies o/r: 126/140] - BMCRR Rome 3868 - RSC Cassia 7 - Syd. 916
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 162
1 commentsdafnis
3363LG.jpg
003a. Drusus136 viewsDrusus

Tiberius' son, Drusus Caesar, d. 23, called Drusus Junior, served in the provinces Pannonia ( 15) and in Illyricum ( 17? 20). In 22 he was made tribune. Meanwhile, Sejanus, Tiberius' minister, had become jealous of Drusus' power and tried to turn Tiberius against him. Drusus may have been poisoned by Sejanus or by his wife under Sejanus' influence.

As. Sear 2594, restitution issue by Titus. 10.0 g, 26x27 mm. Glossy dark green patina with slight roughness. OBV.: Drusus left, DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N. REV.: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG REST around SC.
1 commentsecoli73
coin189.JPG
003b. Nero & Drusus Caesars33 viewsNero & Drusus Caesars, brothers of Caligula.

There father Germanicus was Heir Apparent to his own adoptive father Emperor Tiberius, but Germanicus predeceased the Emperor in 19. He was replaced as heir by Julius Caesar Drusus, son of Tiberius and his first wife Vipsania Agrippina. But he too predeceased the Emperor on July 1, 23.

Nero and his younger brother Drusus were the oldest adoptive grandsons of Tiberius. They jointly became Heirs Apparent. However, both were accused of treason along with their mother in AD 32. Nero was exiled to an island and Drusus in a prison where they either starved to death or was murdered by order of the emperor in AD 33.

Dupondius. Rome mint, struck under Caligula, 37-38 AD. NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES, Nero & Drusus on horseback riding right / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large S C.
Cohen 1. RIC 34

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ecoli
Agrippa_AE-As_M_AGRIPPA_L_F_COS_III_S-C_RIC_58_(Caligula),_Cohen_3,_BMC_161_(Tiberius)_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
004 Agrippa (63-12 B.C.), RIC I 058 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, Neptune standing left, holding small dolphin in right hand, trident in left, S-C at sides.88 views004 Agrippa (63-12 B.C.), RIC I 058 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, Neptune standing left, holding small dolphin in right hand, trident in left, S-C at sides.
avers:- M•AGRIPPA•L•F•COS•III, head left wearing rostral crown.
revers:- Neptune standing left, holding small dolphin in right hand, trident in left, S-C at sides.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 10,82 g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: Struck under Caligula, 37-41 A.D., ref: RIC 58 (Caligula), Cohen 3, BMC 161(Tiberius),
Q-001
quadrans
94001013.jpg
004b. Agrippina Senior53 viewsAgrippina Senior. Died AD 33. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 24.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 40-41. Draped bust right / Carpentum drawn left by two mules. RIC I 55 (Gaius); Trillmich Group I. Good Fine, dark gray-brown patina, rough surfaces.

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From the Ronald J. Hansen Collection. Ex Noble 79 (26 July 2005), lot 3590.

Ex-CNG printed sale 94 320/300
1 commentsecoli
Gordian1.jpg
005 - Gordian III (338-344 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 245 viewsObv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt over Gordian who stands left at his feet and sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Rome 238 AD.
pierre_p77
Fontius-Syd-724.jpg
005. Mn. Fonteius, Cf15 viewsDenarius, ca 85-84 BC, Auxiliary Italian mint.
Obverse: MN FONTEI CF / Bust of Vejovis with hair in loose locks; thunderbolt below; AP monogram under chin.
Reverse: Winged Cupid or Genius seated on goat; caps of the Dioscuri above; thyrsus with fillet below; all within a laurel wreath.
3.89 gm., 20 mm.
Syd. #724; RSC #Fonteia 9; Sear #271.

Vejovis was an ancient deity whose early function was forgotten. At his shrine in Rome, his statue portrayed him as a young beardless youth with a goat. By the time this coin was issued, he was identified with Pluto, the god of the underworld. He was probably a god of expiation since a goat was sacrificed to him once a year. We know from other sources that this goat sacrifice was expiatory in nature.
Callimachus
NeroDECVRSIOSestertiusRome.JPG
005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm201 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
424Hadrian_RIC9.jpg
0053 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia59 viewsReference.
Strack 13; RIC III, 53; C. 248; RIC II, 9

Bust A4 Balteus strap

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bare bust with drapery, and balteus

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS CONCORD in Ex.
Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left on figure of Spes on low base; cornucopiae under throne.

3.32 gr
20 mm
12h
okidoki
1370Hadrian_RIC53_A4.jpg
0053 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia17 viewsReference.
Strack 13; RIC III, 53; C. 248; RIC II, 9

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bare bust with drapery

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS CONCORD in Ex.
Concordia, draped, seated left on throne, holding patera in right hand and resting left on figure of Spes on low base; cornucopiae under throne.

3.27 gr
18 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
coin190.JPG
005c. Germanicus48 viewsGermanicus

After the death of Augustus in 14, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the forces in Germania. A short time after, the legions rioted on the news that the succession befell on the unpopular Tiberius. Refusing to accept this, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. But he chose to honor Augustus' choice and put an end to the mutiny, preferring to continue only as a general. In the next two years, he subdued the Germanic tribes east of the Rhine, and assured their defeat in the Battle of the Weser River in 16.

Germanicus died in Alexandria, Egypt. His death was surrounded with speculations, and several sources refer to claims that he was poisoned by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, governor of Syria, under orders of the emperor Tiberius.

AS, struck under Caligula. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC. Cohen 1.

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ecoli
2090325.jpg
005d. Nero Claudius Drusus31 viewsNero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 27.77 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, circa AD 50-54. Bare head of Nero Claudius left / Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch and roll; around chair, weapons and armor to either side of globe. RIC I 109 (Claudius). Fine, rough reddish-brown surfaces.

Ex-CNG sale 209, lot 325 128/100

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ecoli
Constantio_pio.jpg
006 - Constantius "Chlorus" (struck under Constantine I, 307-337 AD), Follis - RIC 78948 viewsObv: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO, veiled, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MEMORIA FELIX, lighted and garlanded altar; on either side an eagle.

Struck in Trier (PTR in exe) autumn 307 - end of 308. Commemorative issue struck under Constantine I.
pierre_p77
0061.jpg
0061 - Denarius Petilia 43 BC32 viewsObv/ Eagle on thunderbolt r.; above, PETILLIVS; below, CAPITOLINVS.
Rev/ Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus; roof is decorated with armed figure at each side and cuadriga at apex; within pediment, uncertain figure; between central four columns, hanging decorations; on l., S; on r., F.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: Petilllius Capitolinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 487/2b [dies o/r: 85/74 (all var.] - BMCRR Rome 4222
ex-Spink, auction march 2008, lot 994 (ex-Glendining, auction april 1980, lot 159)
1 commentsdafnis
0066~0.jpg
0066 - Denarius Septimius Severus 210 AC12 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/PM TR P XVIII COS III PP, Jupiter standing l., holding thunderbolt and sceptre; two children standing by him, l. and r.

Ag, 19.9mm, 2.77g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/240 [C] - RSC 540.
ex-Helios Numismatik, auction 1, lot 305 (ex-colln. F.Kovacs, lot 1833)
dafnis
2100188.jpg
006b. Claudia Aug.37 viewsJUDAEA, Caesaraea Panias. Diva Poppaea and Diva Claudia. Died AD 65 and AD 63, respectively. Æ 20mm (6.00 g, 12h). Struck AD 65-68. Statue of Diva Poppaea seated left within distyle temple / Statue of Diva Claudia standing left within hexastyle temple. RPC I 4846; Meshorer, Caesarea, Pl. 7, H; SNG ANS 858; Hendin 578. Fine, dark green patina under light earthen deposits.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
constans_hut.jpg
007 - Constans (337-350 AD), AE 2 - RIC 12649 viewsObv. D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand.
Rev. FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing right, draging small person from hut under tree.
Minted in Antioch (AN gamma in exe), 3d officina, 348-350 AD
1 commentspierre_p77
Domitian_denar.jpg
007 - Domitian (81-96 AD), denarius - RIC 72150 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG P M TR P X, laureate head right.
Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt & spear, shield at foot.
Minted in Rome 90-91 AD.
pierre_p77
RI 007a img.jpg
007 - Tiberius As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 245 45 viewsÆ As.
Obv:- TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head right
Rev:- ROM ET AVG, front elevation of the Altar of Lugdunum, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, nude figures, & Victories.
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 12-14
Ref:- RIC 245 [Augustus], Cohen 37, BMC 585, Paris 1769
27 mm, 10.04gm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Crepusius-Syd-738.jpg
007. P. Crepusius.27 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Laureate bust of Apollo; sceptre and E at left; symbol under chin.
Reverse: P CREPVSI / Horseman galloping, hurling spear. Roman numeral CCCXXXXVI above.
4.07 gm., 17.5 mm.
Syd. #738a; RSC #Crepusia 1; Sear #283.

The Roman numerals on this coin series run from I to DXXIII (1 - 523). Aside from numbering the reverse dies, their significance is unknown. The symbol under Apollo's chin is said to be a shell by Stevenson (p. 295), but it could easily be a turtle or even something else.
1 commentsCallimachus
242Hadrian__RIC_17.jpg
0079 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia37 viewsReference.
Strack 26; RIC III, 79; C 251; RIC II 17

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bare bust with drapery

Rev. P M TR P COS DES II in ex. CONCORD
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes standing on cippus, cornucopiae under chair.

2.87 gr
20 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
0081.jpg
0081 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC35 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimiusr.
Rev/INDULGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis riding r. on a lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre; below, waters gushing from rock.

Ag, 18.3mm, 3.25g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/266 [C] - BMCRE V/335
ex-A.L.Romero Martín
dafnis
0010-015.jpg
0083 - Republic, Didrachm (Quadrigatus)55 viewsRome or other italian mint, c 215-211 BC
Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri
ROMA in relief in linear frame at exergue, Jupiter, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, in fast quadriga driven right by Victory.
6,69 gr - 20-21 mm
Ref : RCV #33, RSC # 24
3 commentsPotator II
0087.jpg
0087 - Denarius Aemilia/Plautia 58 BC44 viewsObv/ M SCAVR / AED CVR Kneeling figure r., holding olive branch and reins of camel standing beside him; on either side, EX – S·C. In exergue, REX ARETAS.
Rev/ P HVPSAE / AED CVR Jupiter in quadriga l. holding reins in l. hand and hurling thunderbolt with r.; behind, CAPTV. Below, C HVPSAE COS / PREIVE.

Ag, 18.6 mm, 3.96 g
Moneyers: M. Aemilius Scaurus, P. Plautius Hypsaeus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 422/1b [dies o/r: 336/373] - Bab. Aemilia , Plautia 10 - Syd. 912
ex-CNG Coins, auction e-248, lot 350
dafnis
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P_S-dot-C_RIC-50_BMC-74_C-4_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_30mm_11,12g-s.jpg
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,610 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 050, Rome, AE-As, C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P IIII P P, Around large S•C,
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N, Bare head of left.
revers:- C-CAESAR-DIVI-AVG-PRON-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IIII-P-P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 30mm, weight: 11,12g, axis:- h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC-50 (Caligula), BMC-74 (Caligula), C-4,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Germanicus_AE-Dup_GERMANICVS-CAESAR_SIGNIS-RECE-DEVICTIS-GERM_S-C_RIC-57_-7_BMC-94_40-41-AD_Q-001_27mm_12,77g-s.jpg
009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left, 703 views009 Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 057, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SIGNIS RECEPT/DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus advancing left,
"My Father received the title as conqueror of Germany from the Senate and people of Rome".
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus in triumphal quadriga right.
revers:- SIGNIS-RECEPT/DEVICTIS-GERM, large S-C across field, Germanicus advancing left holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
date: Struck under Caligula 40-41AD.
mint: Rome
diameter: 27mm
weight: 12,77g
ref: RIC-57, C-7, BMC-94,
Q-001
12 commentsquadrans
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_TI_CLAVDIVS_CAESAR_AVG_GERM_P_M_TR_P_IMP_P_P_S-dot-C_RIC_106(Claudius)_Cohen_9,_BMC_241_Rome-41-43-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #188 views009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #1
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head right
revers:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S•C//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 9,87g, axis: 6h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC I 106 (Claudius), Cohen 9, BMC 241,
Q-001
quadrans
Germanicus_AE-AS_GERMANICVS-CAESAR-TI-AVG-F-DIVI-AVG-N_TI_CLAVDIVS_CAESAR_AVG_GERM_P_M_TR_P_IMPPP_S_C_RIC_106(Cl)_C_9,_Rome-41-3AD_Q-001_6h_30,5mm_11,03ga-s.jpg
009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #2147 views009a Germanicus (15 B.C.-19 A.D.), RIC I 106 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Around large S•C, #2
Germanicus Father of Caligula. Died 19 AD. AE-AS, (15 BC.-19 CE.) posthumous commemorative minted under Caligula.
avers:- GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head right
revers:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, Legend around large S•C.
exerg: S•C//--, diameter: 29,5-30,5mm, weight: 11,03g, axis: 6h,
mind: Rome, date: 40-41 A.D., ref: RIC I 106 (Claudius), Cohen 9, BMC 241,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
V669a.jpg
01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 66927 viewsÆ As, 11.05g
Rome mint, 73-74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 669 (C). BMC -. BNC 699.
Acquired from Musa Numismatics, August 2019.

The propaganda value of Pax for the Flavian dynasty after the Civil War, the revolt of Civilis, and the Jewish War cannot be underestimated. In her various guises she is one of the most popular types on Vespasian's coinage and shows up quite frequently during the reign on the coins struck for both himself and his sons. This As struck for Domitian as Caesar shows Pax leaning on a column, which likely copies a well known cult image of the goddess.

Tellingly, less than a decade later, Pax would not feature so prominently on Domitian's own coinage as Emperor.

Fine style early portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Constans_hut2.jpg
010 - Constans (237-250 AD), AE 2 - RIC 9271 viewsObv: D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier draging barbarian from hut under tree.
Minted in Constantinople (CONSI* in exe, gamma in left upper field) 347-348 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
aug1.JPG
010 Augustus162 viewsDivus Augustus Æ As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82 [Tiberius]


"I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble."


This was one of my first ancients, it was my first early imperial.
1 commentsrandy h2
T1342LG.jpg
010. VESPASIAN88 viewsAR denarius (18mm, 3.51g). Rome mint. Struck under Titus, AD 80-81.
DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS. Laureate head right / Two capricorns support shield inscribed S C, globe below. RIC II-1 357 (Titus). RSC 497.


3 commentsecoli
139Hadrian__RIC39a.jpg
0108 Hadrian Denarius Roma 118 AD Concordia39 viewsReference.
Strack 33; RIC III, 108; C. 252

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. P M TR P COS II / in ex CONCORD.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes standing on cippus, cornucopiae under chair.

3.08 gr
20 mm
6h
okidoki
321356_513921868644729_989151575_n.jpg
011 Agrippa78 viewsAgrippa, Æ As. Agrippa. Struck under Caligula, 37-41 AD. M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing rostral crown / S-C, Neptune standing facing, head left, naked except for cloak draped behind him & over both arms, holding small dolphin in right hand & vertical trident in left. RIC 58 [Caligula], Cohen 3, BMC 161 [Tiberius]


It's a bit glossy and hard to get a great shot
7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
coin287.JPG
011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
ecoli
Antonius_Felix_procurator,_AE-16,_Prutah__Jerusalems_Israel_Palm_Hedin-652,_54_AD_Q-001_0h,_2,28_g_,_16_mm-s~0.jpg
012p Claudius I. (41-54 A.D.), Judaea, Jerusalem, RPC I 4971, Antonius Felix Procurator, under Claudius, (52-60 A.D.), AE-16(Prutah), BRIT/K-AI, Six branched palm tree, #197 views012p Claudius I. (41-54 A.D.), Judaea, Jerusalem, RPC I 4971, Antonius Felix Procurator, under Claudius, (52-60 A.D.), AE-16(Prutah), BRIT/K-AI, Six branched palm tree, #1
avers: NEPΩ KΛAY KAICAP, Two crossed shields and spears. (Nero (Caesar)).
reverse: BRIT/K-AI, Six branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates, L-IΔ, K-AI across the field. (Britannicus (Caesar)).
exergue: L/IΔ//K/AI, diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 2,28g, axes: 0h,
mint: City: Jerusalem, Region: Judaea, Province: Judaea,
date: Dated Year of Claudius (Year 14 = 54 A.D.)
ref: RPC I 4971, Hedin 652,
Q-001
quadrans
0130.jpg
0130 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 310-01 BC55 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; under throne, monogram; before, Φ.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 4.15 g
Mint: Colophon.
Price 1828
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300569784336
1 commentsdafnis
0132.jpg
0132 - 1/2 AE Alexander III the Great 325-10 BC32 viewsObv/ Macedonian shield with thunderbolts inside.
Rev/ Macedonian helmet, (dolphin), AI monogram below; B A on each side of the field.

AE, 15.5 mm, 4.48 g
Mint: Macedonia uncertain.
Price 415
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300569816457
dafnis
014_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_Syria,_Antioch,_AR-Tetradrachm,Laur_bust_r_,_Eaglel_,_RPC-4182,_61-62_AD,_Q-001_1h_19,5-20,5mm_8,51g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Syria, Antioch, RPC I 4182, AR-Tetradrachm, Palm/H/IP//--, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, #1111 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Syria, Antioch, RPC I 4182, AR-Tetradrachm, Palm/H/IP//--, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, #1
avers: NEPΩNOΣ KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, Laureate bust right, wearing aegis.
reverse: Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, palm branch before, H/IP behind.
exergue: Palm/H/IP//--, diameter: 24,5-25,5mm, weight: 14,15g, axis: 1h,
mint: City: Antioch, Region: Syria, Province: Syria,
date: Regnal year 8, Caesarian year 110 = 61/62 A.D.,
ref: RPC I 4182, Wr. 39,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_fides.jpg
015 - Probus (276-282 AD) Antoninianus - RIC 16939 viewsObv: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES MILITUM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.
Minted in Rome (R thunderbolt Epsilon in exe), 6th emission 281 AD.
Bust type F.
1 commentspierre_p77
Caesar-Syd-1014.jpg
015. C. Julius Caesar.13 viewsDenarius, 46-45 BC, probably minted in Gaul or Spain.
Obverse: Bust of Venus, Cupid at her shoulder.
Reverse: CAESAR / Gaulish captives sitting under a trophy.
3.83 gm., 18.5 mm.
Syd. #1014; RSC #13; Sear #1404.
Callimachus
0152.jpg
0152 - Denarius Rubria 87 BC45 viewsObv/ Laureate head of Jupiter r., with sceptre over shoulder; behind, DOSSEN.
Rev/ Triumphal quadriga r., side-panel decorated with thunderbolt; (above, Victory with wreath); L RVBRI in ex.

Ag, 16.9 mm, 3.52 g
Moneyer: L. Rubrius Dossenus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 348/1 [dies o/r: 178/208] - Syd. 705 - RSC Rubria 1
ex-VAuctions, auction 267, lot 39
dafnis
0161.jpg
0161 - 1/2 AE Alexander III the Great 336-23 BC45 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, eagle on thunderbolt r., head turned; above, crescent.

AE, 17.1 mm, 3.59 g
Mint: Amphipolis.
Price 91b
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jan 2012 - art. #230732403614
dafnis
Commodus_denar1.jpg
017 - Commodus (177-192 AD), denarius - RIC 235 viewsObv: L AVREL COMMODVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: TR P V IMP III COS II P P, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia, wheel under chair.
Minted in Rome 179 AD.
pierre_p77
0176.jpg
0176 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC34 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; before, Demeter with two torches; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ; under throne, monogram with circle, line and triangle.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.32 g
Mint: Lampsacus.
Price 1356
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 119
dafnis
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
0189.jpg
0189 - Denarius Plautia 60 BC50 viewsObv/ Head of Neptune r.; behind, trident; before, P YPSAE SC.
Rev/ Jupiter in quadriga r., holding reins and thunderbolt; below C YPSAE COS PRIV; behind, CEPIT.

Ag, 19.7 mm, 3.88 g
Moneyer: P. Plautius Hypsaeus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 420/1a [dies o/r: 34/38 (all var.)]
ex-NAC, auction 78, lot 674
1 commentsdafnis
Augustus_Tarpeia.jpg
02 01 Augustus. Tarpeia111 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR. Denarius. Rome Mint. 19-18 B.C. 3.5g, 20 mm. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTS, bare head righ. Rev: TVRPILIANVS III VIR, Tarpeia facing, buried to the waist in shields. RIC I 299. RSC 494, BMC 29.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.
4 commentsLucas H
VHC02-coin.jpg
02- BRITISH GUIANA (GUYANA), 4 PENCE, KM26.30 viewsSize: 19.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.0560 oz. Mintage: 60,000.
Grade: Raw VG (minor nicks and marks).
Comments: From an eBay seller in Mexico. I paid around ten times catalog price at the time, but these are tough to find and likely undervalued.
lordmarcovan
GI_020c_img.jpg
020 - Nero Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 23632 viewsBillon Tetradrachm
Obv:- NERW KLAY KAIS SEB GER, Radiate head of Nero right
Rev:– AYTO-KPA, Eagle standing left, palm under wing, simpulum in right field
Minted in Alexandria. L IA in left field. Dated Year 11 (64/5 AD).
Reference:– Dattari 271; Milne 236; Curtis 97; BMC Alexandria p 20, 166; RPC I 5284; Geissen 167; Kampmann-Ganschow 14.83
maridvnvm
RIC-944_Vespasian_AR-Den_IMP-CAESAR-VESPASIANVS-AVG_COS-VIII_RIC-II-107_RIC-new-944_RSC-134a_BMCRE-209_Rome_77-78-AD_Q-001_6h_16,7-17,3mm_3,32g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, Rome, AR-Denarius, -/-//COS VIII, Cow right, #1126 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, Rome, AR-Denarius, -/-//COS VIII, Cow right, #1
avers: IMP-CAESAR-VESPASIANVS-AVG, Laureate head left.
revers: COS-VIII, Pair of Oxen, under yoke left.
exerg: -/-//COS VIII, diameter: 16,7-17,3mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 77-78 A.D., ref: RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, RSC-134a, BMCRE-209,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
RIC-944_Vespasian_AR-Den_CAESAR-VESPASIANVS-AVG_COS-VIII_RIC-II-107_RIC-new-944_RSC-134a_BMCRE-209_Rome_77-78-AD_Q-002_6h_16,7-17,6mm_3,27g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, Rome, AR-Denarius, -/-//COS VIII, Cow right, #2109 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, Rome, AR-Denarius, -/-//COS VIII, Cow right, #2
avers: IMP-CAESAR-VESPASIANVS-AVG, Laureate head left.
revers: COS-VIII, Pair of Oxen, under yoke left.
exerg: -/-//COS VIII, diameter: 16,7-17,6mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 77-78 A.D., ref: RIC 0944, RIC (1962) 107, RSC-134a, BMCRE-209,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.66 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
024~2.JPG
021 Drusus15 viewsDrusus Caesar Æ As. Struck under Tiberius, 21-22 AD. DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large S•C.
RIC 45 (Tiberius), Cohen 2, BMC 99
Randygeki(h2)
0215_Pr2562.jpg
0215 - Drachm Alexander III the Great 328-23 BC21 viewsObv/ Head of Heracles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
Rev/ Zeus Aëtophoros seated on backless throne l., holding eagle on outstretched r.h. and scepter in l.h.; behind, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, club on field r.; under throne, monogram with circle, lines and dot.

Ag, 15.9 mm, 4.29 g
Mint: Sardes.
Price 2562
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 320, lot 75
dafnis
RICb_0119,_RIC_II(1962)_0023a,_022_Titus__AR-Den_IMP_TITVS_CAES_VESPASIAN_AVG_P_M,_TR_P_IX_IMP_XV_COS_VIII_P_P,_Rome,_80_AD_Q-001,_5h,_17,8-18,9mm,_3,02g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0119, RIC II(1962) 0023a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (winged) on the draped table, #1100 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0119, RIC II(1962) 0023a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (winged) on the draped table, #1
avers: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right.
reverse: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (winged) on the draped table or chair with one, two or no crossbars.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,8-18,9mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0119, RIC II(1962) 0023a p-119, RSC 316, BMC 51,
Q-001
"This denarius is part of a series that was struck for the lectisternium (religious ceremony) celebrating the opening of the Colosseum in 80 AD."
1 commentsquadrans
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-new-119_RIC-II-23a_C-316_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_18mm_3,28g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0119var., RIC II(1962) 0023a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (wingless) draped table, #1181 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0119var., RIC II(1962) 0023a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (wingless) on the draped table, #1
avers: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right.
reverse: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Thunderbolt (wingless) on the draped table or chair with one, two or no crossbars.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0119var., RIC II(1962) 0023a p-119, RSC 316, BMC 51,
Q-001
"This denarius is part of a series that was struck for the lectisternium (religious ceremony) celebrating the opening of the Colosseum in 80 AD."
4 commentsquadrans
Titus_79-81-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022d Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-III 0081a (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing, its wings spread, 118 views022d Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-III 0081a (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing, its wings spread,
avers:- DIVO-TITO, Radiate head of Divus Titus right.
revers:- CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing, its wings spread.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Rome, date: struck under Trajan Decius, 250-251, A.D., ref: RIC 81a; C (Titus) 404; RCV 9462;
Q-001
quadrans
0234_SIC_Agat_CNS_II_142.jpg
0234 - AE Hexas Agathocles 317-289 BC4 viewsObv/ Head of Artemis l., wearing earring and necklace, quiver behind shoulder; before, ΣΩTEIΡA
Rev/ Winged thunderbolt, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ above, BAΣIΛEOΣ below.

AE, 22.0 mm, 9.12 g
Mint: Siracuse.
CNS II/142
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction 38, lot 41
dafnis
Elagabalus_denar.jpg
024 - Elagabalus (218-222 AD), denarius - RIC 1933 viewsObv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
Rev: P M TR P II COS II P P, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia, wheel under chair.
Minted in Rome 219 AD
pierre_p77
Domitian_AE-AS_CAES-DIVI-VESP-F-DOMITIAN-COS-VII_S-C_RIC-II-169b_RIC-New-348_C-_Rome-80-81-AD_Rare_Q-001_6h_25,5-26,5mm_10,63g-s.jpg
024b Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0348, RIC II(1962) 0169b(Titus), AE-As, Rome, No legend, S-C, Minerva left, #1121 views024b Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0348, RIC II(1962) 0169b(Titus), AE-As, Rome, No legend, S-C, Minerva left, #1
avers: CAES-DIVI-VESP-F-DOMITIAN-COS-VII, Laureate head of Domitian left.
revers: No legend, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear, shield at her side. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 10,63g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome , date: 80-81 A.D., ref: RIC 0348, RIC II(1962) 0169b(Titus) p-138, C-443,
Q-001
quadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-VII_IMP-XIIII-COS-XIIII-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-_new-576-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0576, RIC II(1962) 0108a, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP•XIIII•COS•XIIII•CENS•P•P•P•, Minerva standing right,142 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0576, RIC II(1962) 0108a, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP•XIIII•COS•XIIII•CENS•P•P•P•, Minerva standing right,
avers:- IMP•CAES•DOMIT•AVG•GERM•P•M•TR•P•VII, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP•XIIII•COS•XIIII•CENS•P•P•P•, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 88 A.D., ref: RIC 0576, RIC II(1962) 0108a p-166, C-236,
Q-001
5 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-VIIII_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-148-new-690-_Q-001_19mm_3,25g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0690, RIC II(1962) 0148, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #1222 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0690, RIC II(1962) 0148, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-VIIII, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 89 A.D., ref: RIC 0690, RIC II(1962) 0148 p-171, C-262,
Q-001
quadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-153-new-720_Rome-90-91-AD_Q-001_axis-h_18,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #1136 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 90-91 A.D., ref: RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153 p-172, RSC 266, BMC 179,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-153-new-720_Rome-90-91-AD_Q-002_6h_17,5-19mm_3,37g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #2105 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #2
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,37g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 90-91 A.D., ref: RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153 p-172, RSC 266, BMC 179,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
RICc_0720_RIC-II_0153,_024_Domitian_(69-81ADCaes__81-96ADAug_),_AR-Den,_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X,_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-PPP,_Roma,_90-91-AD_Q-003_6h_18mm_3,09g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #3174 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, #3
avers:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P X, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,8-18,8mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 90-91 A.D., ref: RIC 0720, RIC II(1962) 0153 p-172, RSC 266, BMC 179,
Q-003
6 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-TMTRP-X_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-154-new-721-92-93-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0721, RIC II(1962) 0154, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, #1177 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0721, RIC II(1962) 0154, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-X, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear, shield at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 91A.D., ref: RIC 0721, RIC II(1962) 0154 p-172, RSC 264,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-XI_IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC--new-_Rome-90-91-AD_Q-002_7h_18mm_3,00g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0725, RIC II(1962) 0157, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right#1138 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0725, RIC II(1962) 0157, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing right#1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-XI, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXI-COS-XV-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield; owl at her feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 91-92 A.D., ref: RIC 0725, RIC II(1962) 0157 p- , RSC-270, BMCRE-183,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-XII_IMP-XXII-COS-XVI-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC-173-new-741-92-93-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_18mm_3,50g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0741, RIC II(1962) 0173, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, #1222 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0741, RIC II(1962) 0173, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMI-TAVG-GERM-P-M-TR-P-XII, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXII-COS-XVI-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear, shield at feet.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 5 h,
mint: Rome, date: 92-93 A.D., ref: RIC 0741, RIC II(1962) 0173 p-173, BMCRE 205, RSC 279,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-XI_IMP-XXII-COS-XVII-CENS-P-P-P_Roma-RIC--new-_Rome--AD_Q-001_6h_18-18,5mm_2,80g-s.jpg
024ci Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0000, RIC II(1962) 0000, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right, 99 views024ci Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0000, RIC II(1962) 0000, AR-Denarius, Rome, IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right,
Unofficial, (Plated /Subaerate/Fouree)
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-P-M-TR-(P)-X"I", Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- IMP-XXII-COS-XVII-CENS-P-P-P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, brandishing thunderbolt and shield.
The right combination would be TR P XV - COS XVII.
A double engravers's error (missing P and I vs. V)
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 89 A.D., ref: RIC--p-, (New-), C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
FaustinaI_denar.jpg
025 - Faustina I (138-141 AD), commemorative denarius - RIC 35835 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right
Rev: AVGVSTA, Ceres standing right, holding scepter and grain ears.
Minted in Rome 148-161 AD.

Commemorative issues were struck in huge quantitis under the husband Antoninus Pius after Faustinas death in 141 AD.
pierre_p77
Juliadomna_denar2.jpg
026 - Julia Domna (c 170-217 AD), denarius - RIC 39034 viewsObv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right.
Rev: VESTA, Vesta standing left, palladium and scepter
Minted in Rome 211-217 AD under Caracalla.
1 commentspierre_p77
Juliadomna_denar.jpg
027 - Julia Domna (c 170-217AD), denarius - RIC 56431 viewsObv: IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
Rev: MATER DEVM, Cybele seated left, holding branch and scepter, lion on either side.
Minted in Rome 196-211 under Septimius Severus.
pierre_p77
augustus berytos AE22.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE22 of Berytus 49 viewsobv: IMP.CAES AVGVSTVS (bare head of Augustus right)
rev: COL.IVL (founder plowing with two oxen, left)
ref: BMC 52, RPC 4540,
mint: Berytus
8.45gms, 22mm

Colony Berytus (modern Beirut) in Phoenicia. Augustus sent to it part of the veterans takens from two legions (V Macedonica and VIII Augusta) as a reinforcement to the first military settlers of Julius Caesar.
berserker
augustus_RIC82a.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 19-18 BC54 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS (bare head left, banker's mark on face)
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS (Mars standing left, head right, with aquila and standard)
ref: RIC I 82a, RSC 259 (4frcs), BMC 414.
mint: Colonia Patricia
3.41gms, 19mm
Rare

History: The Parthians had captured the standards of the legions under the command of Marcus Licinius Crassus (53 BC, at the Battle of Carrhae), Decidius Saxa (40 BC), and Marc Antony (36 BC). It was considered a grave moral defeat and evil omen for the Romans. It required a generation of diplomacy before the Parthians returned them. Their return was considered a great triumph by Augustus, and celebrated like a military victory. He took an ovation entering Rome on horseback and being honoured with a triumphal arch in the year 20 BC. This coin struck in Colonia Patricia (today Cordoba, Spain).
1 commentsberserker
Nero-Prieur-89.jpg
027. Nero.16 viewsTetradrachm, 63-64 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: ΝΕΡΩΝ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ / Laureate bust of Nero.
Reverse: ΕΤΟΥΣ ΒΙΡ . Ι / Eagle on thunderbolt, palm branch at right.
14.25 gm., 25 mm.
Prieur #89.

Dating this coin: BIP is the Greek way of writing the numeral 112 (B = 2; I = 10; P = 100) -- which is year 112 of the Caesarean Era of Antioch ( which started numbering from the Battle of Pharsalia, Aug. 9, 48 BC). The second I (after BIP) stands for the 10'th year of Nero's reign, which by today's reckoning is 63 - 64 AD.
Callimachus
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
V633.jpg
02a Domitian as Caesar RIC 79149 viewsAR Quinarius (Broken), 1.04g
Rome mint, 75 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: VICTORIA AVGVSTI; Victory std. l., with wreath and palm
RIC 791 (C). BMC 158. RSC 634. BNC 136.
Acquired from GB Collection, June 2016

Quinarii were struck under Vespasian for Domitian Caesar from 73 onwards. This common piece dates to 75 when the largest quinarius issue of the reign was produced.

Broken, but enough of the major devices remain to identify it properly. I think I got the better half.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
V920sm.jpg
03 Domitian as Caesar RIC 920102 viewsAR Denarius, 2.96g
Rome mint, 76-77AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Minerva stg. r. on prow, with spear and shield; to r., owl
RIC 920 (R). BMC spec. acquired 1947. RSC 45b. BNC -.
Ex Private Collection.

The first appearance of Minerva on a denarius struck for Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian. His devotion to the goddess came early in life, so it comes as no surprise he wished to honour her on the coins minted in his name. This denarius is a clear indication Domitian had some say in what reverse types were struck for him under Vespasian. The Minerva on prow is an early prototype of one of the four standard Minerva types (M2) Domitian would later extensively strike on his own denarii as Augustus. An extremely rare type for him as Caesar.

A pleasing coin with a Vespasian-like portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
03-Alex-Babylon-P2619.jpg
03. Alexander the Great.141 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus
Juliadomna_denar3.jpg
030 - Julia Domna (c 170-217 AD), denarius - RIC 57216 viewsObv: JVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right.
Rev: PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing left, veiled, sacrificing over altar and holding box of incense.

Minted in Rome under Septimius Severus.
pierre_p77
030__Lajos_I__AR-Gross,_U-413d,_C2-68,_H-522,_1359-64_AD_Q-001_h,_28,0mm,_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Gross, U-413-e, #01182 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Gross, U-413-e, #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICVS DЄI GRACIA RЄX hVnGARIЄ; king enthroned, facing, on the gothic throne in circle of dots, holding sceptre and orb, mint-mark below or by the throne; border of dots. The Saracen's head between the legs under.
reverse: ✠ DALMACIЄ : CROACIЄ : ЄTC; Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, amongst six arches, no mint-mark above the shield, emission-marks around the arches; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Saracen's head, were struck by Jacobus Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 28,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs/Syrmien (by Pohl), date: 1359-1364 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-413-e, CNH-2-068, Huszár-522, Pohl-59-4-a.,
Q-001


Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou
1 commentsquadrans
LarryW2407.jpg
030 Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC85 viewsElectrum shekel-didrachm, 18.5mm, 7.43g, nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple-drop earring; dot before neck / Horse standing right on exergal line; three pellets under exergual line.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Apollo Numismatics
Jenkins V, 282-2; Müller p. 84, 52
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Didrachm_Black~0.jpg
030/1 AR Didrachm60 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm. Uncertain Mint, 225-214 BC. (6.56g, 23mm, 12h) Obv: Janiform head of the Dioscuri. Rev: Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding sceptre, in galloping quadriga driven by Victory; ROMA on tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; Sydenham 64.

Traces of corrosion, Good Very Fine.

Ex: Roma Numismatics

From the Andrew McCabe Collection; Ex Goodman
5 commentsPaddy
Juliadomna_denar4.jpg
031 - Julia Domna (c 170-217 AD), denarius - RIC 53647 viewsObv: IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right.
Rev: VENERI VICTR, Venus standing right, naked to waist and with legs crossed, leaning on column to left, holding palm and apple.

Minted in Rome under Spetimius Severus 194 AD.

[Sold]
pierre_p77
002~3.JPG
031 Germanicus60 viewsAE AS
Germanicus AE As. Struck under Caligula, 39-40 AD. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG P M TR P III P P around large SC. Cohen 4 var.

RIC 43 (Caligula) ex Zizum
Fine+, 27.5mm, 10.18gram
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Hadrian_AR-Den_IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-COS-III_RIC-II-77_p-349_123-AD_Q-001_7h_18,3-19,3mm_3,12g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0077var, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left,111 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0077var, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left,
avers: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front, with fold of cloak on front shoulder, with a visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap.
reverse: P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left, holding Victory and spear, shield and quiver behind Rome.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,3-19,3mm, weight: 3,12g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 123 A.D., ref: RIC II 77var., p-349, C-, Strack 121,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_RIC_II_0116var_,_IMP_CAESAR_TRAIAN_HADRIANVS_AVG,_P_M_TR_P_COS_III,_CLEM,_Rome,_AD_Q-001_6h,_17-19mm,_3,34g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0116var., Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, #191 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0116var., Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, #1
avers: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front, with fold of cloak on front shoulder, with a visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap and a winged frontal Medusa head (gorgoneion) on the breast of Hadrian's cuirass.
reverse: P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, holding patera over altar, holding scepter.
exergue: -/-//CLEM, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 121 A.D., ref: RIC II 0116var.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
032_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_h_,_P-127-7,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_K-R_over_cross,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_14-14,5mm,_0,47g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.h., P-127-07, #0161 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.h., P-127-07, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, K-R over +, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: K/R over +//-- , diameter: 14,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,47g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, Konrad Rudel by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.h., Pohl-127-07,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
2 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_q_,_P-127-9,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_C-Lily,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_13,5-14,5mm,_0,39g-s~0.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.q., P-127-09, #0166 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.q., P-127-09, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, C-⚜, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: C/⚜//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (today Slovakia: Kosice, City coin by Pohl), date:1440 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.q., Pohl-127-09,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
1 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_s_,_P-127-11,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_K-P,_1440_AD,_Q-001,_4h,_13,5-14,0mm,_0,48g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.s., P-127-11, #0168 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.s., P-127-11, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBЄRTI•R•VnGARIЄ••, Patriarchal Cross, K-P, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), the border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: K/P//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,0mm, weight: 0,48g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, Konrad Polner by Pohl), date:1440 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-592, CNH-2-135B, Unger-461.s., Pohl-127-11,
Q-001
This coin was struck under the Interregnum I. (1439-1440 A.D.) with the name of Abert!
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_158.jpg
034 - Probus (276-282 AD). antoninianus - RIC 15857 viewsObv: PROBVS PF AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right. Bust type F.
Rev: ADVENTVS AVG, emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
Minted in Rome (R thunderbolt Z), emission 6, 281 AD.

1 commentspierre_p77
RI 035d img.jpg
035 - Domitian As - RIC II Titus 169b81 viewsAE As
Obv:– CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, Laureate head left
Rev:– S-C, Minerva standing left, holding spear & thunderbolt, shield at feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 80-81
Reference:– Cohen 443. RIC II Titus 169b
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_035f_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Denarius (as Caesar under Vespasian) - RIC II (Old) 24431 viewsObv:– CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, Laureate head right
Rev:– PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Vesta seated left, holding Palladium and sceptre
Minted in Rome. A.D. 79
Reference:– RIC II (old) 244. RSC 378
maridvnvm
RI_035e_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Denarius - RIC II (Old) - Addenda (L. A. Lawrence Coll.) would be after 10678 viewsObv:– IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII, Laureate Head Right
Rev:– COS - XIIII, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, shield at side
Minted in Rome. A.D. 88
Reference:– BMC P. 324 Note (L. A. Lawrence Coll.). RIC II (Old) Addenda (L. A. Lawrence Coll.) would be after 106. RSC 66a. RIC II (New) 554 (R2), citing Madrid and Helbing 63, 1931, 537, no photo in RIC. (Thanks to Curtis Clay for the RIC II (New) reference.)
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_IMP-M-AVREL-ANONINVS-AVG_CONCORD-AVG-T-RP-XV-COS-III_RIC-3_C-31_Rome-161-AD_Q-001_axis-h_18mm_3,13g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0003, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XV, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,101 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0003, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XV, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,
avers:- IMP-M-AVREL-ANTONINVS-AVG, Laurate head right.
revers:- CONCORD-AVG-T-RP-XV/COS-III, Concordia seated left, holding patera; cornucopiae under seat.
exe: -/-//COS III, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,13g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-3, p-214, C-31, Sear-,
Q-001
quadrans
037b_Marcus_Aurelius_RIC_III_33,__M_ANTONINVS_AVG,_CONCORD_AVG_TRP_XVI_COS_III,_Q-001_h__mm,_g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0033, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XVI, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,157 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0033, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XVI, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,
avers:- •M•ANTONINVS AVG, Bare head right.
revers:- CONCORD AVG T RP XVI/COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera, cornucopiae under seat.
exe: -/-//COS III, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date:162 A.D., ref: RIC-III-33, p-216, C-33, Sear-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
037b_Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_IMP-M-AVREL-ANONINVS-AVG_CONCORD-AVG-TR-P-XVI_COS-III_RIC-33_C-33_Rome-161-162-AD_Q-001_0h_18mm_2,97g-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0035, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XVI, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,68 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0035, Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORD AVG T RP XVI, -/-//COS III, Concordia seated left,
avers:- IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG, Bare head right.
revers:- CONCORD AVG T RP XVI/COS III, Concordia seated left, holding patera, cornucopiae under seat.
exe: -/-//COS III, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:162 A.D., ref: RIC-III-35, p-216, RSC-34/40, Sear-4882,
Q-001
quadrans
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(161-180_A_D_),_AE-24,_Macedon,_Winged_thunderbolt,_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,69 views037p Marcus Aurelius (161-180 A.D.), Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, BMC 156, AE-24, Winged thunderbolt,
avers:- KAICAP-ANTΩNINOC, Bare head right.
revers:- KOINON-MAKEΔONΩN, Winged thunderbolt.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 0h,
mint: Macedonia, Macedonian Koinon, date: 161-180 A.D., ref: Moushmov 5889, BMC 156, SNG Cop 1342, SGI 1541,
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina-Filia-den_FAVSTINA-AVG-PII-AVG-FIL_CON-C-ORDIA_RIC-502a_C-54_Rome_154-156_Q-001_16-17mm_x,xxg-s.jpg
038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0502a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, #185 views038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0502a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, #1
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA-AVG-PII-AVG-FIL, Draped bust right, with hair waved and coiled on back of head.
revers: - CON-C-ORDIA, Concordia seated left, holding flower in right hand and resting elbow on cornucopiae, which is by her chair, under chair, globe.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-502a (Antoninus Pius), p-93, C-54,
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina_jun_FAVSTINA-AVG-P-II-AVG-FIL_CONCO-RDIA_RIC-502a_RSC-54_BMC-1086_Rome-153-54_AD-Q-001_0-h_18mm_3,26g-s.jpg
038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0502a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, #2132 views038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 0502a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA, Concordia seated left, #2
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA-AVG-PII-AVG-FIL, Draped bust right, with hair waved and coiled on back of head.
revers: - CONCO-RDIA, Concordia seated left, holding flower in right hand and resting elbow on cornucopiae, which is by her chair, under chair, globe.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 153-154 A.D., ref: RIC-III-502a (Antoninus Pius), p-93, C-54, BMC-1086
Q-002
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Faustina-fil_AE-Sest-vers-AE-Dup-vers-AR-Den_FAVSTINA-AVGVSTA_AVGV-S-TI-P-II-FIL_S-C_RIC-000_C-000_Q-001_mm_g-s.jpg
038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 1367, RIC III 495a and RIC III 1389a (all under Ant.Pius), AE-Sestertius, AR-Denarius and AE-Dupondius, Rome, AVGVSTI P II FIL, Venus,80 views038a Faustina (II) Filia (128-175 A.D.), RIC III 1367, RIC III 495a and RIC III 1389a (all under Ant.Pius), AE-Sestertius, AR-Denarius and AE-Dupondius, Rome, AVGVSTI P II FIL, Venus,
"Daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina Sr. and wife of Marcus Aurelius. She was also the mother of Commodus and Lucilla, wife of Lucius Verus."
avers:- FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, with hair waved and coiled on back of head.
revers: AVGVS-TI-P-II-FIL, Venus standing left, holding Victory and shield on helmet.
Exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 30mm, 23-25mm, 16-17mm, weight: 19,67g, 10,46g, 3,11g, axis: h, h, h,
mint: Rome, date: 156-161 A.D., ref: RIC-1367, C-16; RIC-495a (all under Antoninus Pius), C-15; RIC-1389a, C-17;
Q-001
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03b Domitian as Caesar RIC 922101 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome mint, 76-77 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Pegasus, standing r.
RIC 922 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Marc Walter, May 2018. Ex Künker eLive Auction 37, 20 October 2015, lot 152.

A rare obverse legend variant of the Pegasus type struck for Domitian Caesar under Vespasian. Here we have 'CAES' instead of the much more common 'CAESAR'. No reverse die links between the two different obverses have been found, perhaps suggesting the 'CAES' issue came slightly later. Out of 240 Domitian Pegasus denarii on acsearch, only 6 have the 'CAES' obverse. The reverse copies a denarius struck for Augustus (RIC 297). Mattingly speculates it refers to Domitian's poetic aspirations.

Curtis Clay's comments concerning this variant - 'I had forgotten about this variety, but find that I had written into my BMC 193: Var. CAES for CAESAR, CNG Website 6247, May 2001 (2.78g). RIC new ed. 922 calls it R2 and cites examples in Glasgow (ill. pl. 10) and Oxford.'

Struck in the very finest of styles.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
D717sm.jpg
04 Diva Julia Titi RIC 76031 viewsÆ Sestertius, 24.33g
Rome mint, 92-94 AD (Domitian)
Obv: DIVAE IVLIAE AVG DIVI TITI F above; S P Q R in exergue; Carpentum drawn r. by two mules
Rev: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P; S C, large, in centre
RIC 760 (R). BMC 471. BNC 502.
Acquired from Ken Dorney, January 2020. Ex Agora Auctions Sale 84, 4 September 2019, lot 187. Ex CNG E314, 6 November 2013, lot 364.

Titus' daughter Julia Titi was granted the title Augusta sometime in 80 or 81 during his reign. After Titus' death she lived with her uncle Domitian at the imperial residence. In 90 or 91 AD she died and was deified by Domitian, this was commemorated on the coinage. The ancient sources are quick to malign her reputation in the name of smearing Domitian. It is said she had an ongoing affair with Domitian and became pregnant. She then was forced by Domitian to abort the baby and died during the attempted abortion sometime in 90 or 91. The Flavian historian Brian Jones has called the supposed affair between Domitian and his niece Julia (some ten or eleven years his junior) and the subsequent forced abortion which killed her as "implausible" and "nonsense". Further he wrote "Scholars seem not to have stressed one of the most significant factors in assessing the rumour's accuracy - Martial's epigram 6.3, written not long after Julia's death and deification. In it, he expresses the hope that Domitian will produce a son, implies that the baby's name will be Julius (6.3.1) and states that (the now deified) Julia will be able to watch over him (6.3.5). Martial was neither a hero or a fool. Had there been the slightest hint of an affair between emperor and niece, he would hardly have written those lines; had Julia's recent death been caused by an abortion forced on her by Domitian, would Martial have so far neglected the bounds of 'safe criticism' and common sense as to humiliate Domitia publicly, urging her to become pregnant, to give the child a name reminiscent of her husband's mistress and finally to remember that same mistress, now dead and deified (thanks to her husband), would be able to protect the child?" No doubt, the Diva coins testify that Domitian felt great affection towards his niece, however, there is no evidence that they had an illicit love affair. The incestuous rumour was spread after Domitian's death.

This sestertius struck for Diva Julia Titi between 92 and 94 copies an early carpentum and mules type struck under Tiberius for Diva Livia and another under Titus struck for her grandmother Domitilla. It is the second issue of this type struck under Domitian and is slightly rarer than the earlier one produced in 90-91. In the early empire the carpentum was granted to ladies of the imperial house by the Senate as an imperial honour. It was frequently used to convey an image of the deceased Divae and to symbolise the event on the coinage. The style of the Diva Julia Titi sestertii are so similar to those of the earlier Memoriae Domitilla sestertii that the RIC authors speculate a few of the older Domitilla dies were recut for Julia's issues (p. 317, note). It's astonishing to think that the mint still had access to dies that were nearly a decade old and were able to re-use them for a new issue!

Dark brassy tone with some minor pitting.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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041 Germanicus17 viewsGermanicus, Caesar
Died 10 Oct 19 A.D.

Æ As struck under Claudius. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around S-C

Fair, 8.138g, 27.4mm, 180*, Rome min, 42 A.D., S 1905, RIC 106, BMC 215 ex Forvm ex Bill D.

"Germanicus inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes in Germania and recovered the legionary standards lost by Varus. He was to be Tiberius' successor, but died of and unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caligula ontain the throne after Tiberius died."

-----

"Such virtuous conduct brought Germanicus rich rewards. He was so deeply respected and loved by all his kindred that Augustus - I need hardly mention his other relatives - wondered for a long time wether to make him his successor, but at last ordered Tiberius to adopt him."
Randygeki(h2)
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041 Germanicus 18 viewsGermanicus Æ As struck under Claudius. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around S-C



"Germanicus, Father of Gaius Caesar(Caligula), son of Drusus and Antonia the Younger, was adopted by Tiberius, his paternal uncle."
Randygeki(h2)
Domitian-RIC-109.jpg
041. Domitian.29 viewsDenarius, 88 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VII / Laureate bust of Domitian.
Reverse: IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS PP P / Minerva standing, holding thunderbolts and spear, shield at her feet.
3.13 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #109.
1 commentsCallimachus
Commodus_AR-Den_L-AVREL-COM-MODVS-AVG_TR-P-IIII-IMP-III-COS-II-P-P_RIC-III-661v-p-267-Marc_Aur_Rome_179_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5-19mm_3,54g-s.jpg
041a Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0661var. (M.Aurel.), Rome, AR-denarius, TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P, Fortuna seated left,375 views041a Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0661var. (M.Aurel.), Rome, AR-denarius, TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-L-AVREL-COMMODVS-GERM-SARM, Laureate cuirassed (!) bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- TR-P-IIII-IMP-III-COS-II-P-P, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair.
exerg: , diameter: 18,5-19 mm, weight: 3,54 g, axis: 6 h ,
mint: Rome, date: 179 A.D., ref: RIC-III-661var. (Marc.Aurel), p-267, Cuirassed bust !,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Commodus_AR-Den_M-COMM-ANT-P-FEL-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XI-IMP-VII-C-OS-V-P-P_FORRED_RIC-III-131_p-380_C-150_Romae_186-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_16,5-17,5mm_2,71g-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0131, Rome, AR-denarius, P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Fortuna seated left,340 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0131, Rome, AR-denarius, P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- M-COMM-ANT-P-FEL-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XI-IMP-VII-C-OS-V-P-P, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair.
exe: -/-//FORRED, diameter: 16,5-17,5 mm, weight: 2,71 g, axis: 5 h ,
mint: Rome, date: 186 A.D., ref: RIC-III-131 , p-380,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_044r_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P (sic), Bare head right
Rev:- COS III, Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt & scepter, shield at feet to right
Minted in an Eastern Mint.
RIC -
maridvnvm
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048 - Antoninus Pius Denarius - RIC 080a19 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS PIVS P P TRP COS III, laureate head right
Rev:- PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM, winged thunderbolt.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 140-143
Reference:– BMC 225. RIC III 80a. RSC 681
maridvnvm
RI_048l_img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius denarius - RIC 13731 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS IIII, Thunderbolt on decorated altar
Minted in Rome. A.D. 138
Reference:– RIC 137. RSC 345. BMC 536.
maridvnvm
049_BC-_Q__SICINIVS_III__VIR__C__COPONIVS__PR__S__C__Crawford_444-1a__Sydenham_939__RSC_Sicinia_1_Q-001_5h_16,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow, and bow, #1132 views049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow, and bow, #1
avers: Q•SICINIVS III•VIR, diademed head of Apollo right, star below.
reverse: C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Hercules' club surmounted by lion skin, scalp right, bow on right, the arrow on left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 444/1a, Sydenham 939, Sicinia 1,
Q-001
"An important type, one of the first of the "Imperatorial" series. Struck at a military mint in the East, 49 B.C., after the moneyer, owing his appointment to Pompey the Great, fled Caesar's advance upon Rome with the Praetor Coponius (commander of the fleet), and part of the Senate (thus the S C on the reverse, to lend legitimacy to the coinage). Coponius is likely the father or grandfather of the man by the same name who served as procurator in Judaea under Augustus, from A.D. 6 to A.D. 9."
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-VIII_FORTVNAE-R-EDVCI_RIC-IV-I-78a_p-_RSC-188_BMCRE-V-161_Rome-196-197_AD_Q-001_7h_17,5mm_3,04g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 078a, Rome, AR-Denarius, FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna seated left,178 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 078a, Rome, AR-Denarius, FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-VIII, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FORTVNAE-R-EDVCI, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia, wheel under seat.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 196-197A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-078a, p-, RSC-188, BMCRE-V-161
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-226_p120_C-525_Rome-209-AD_Q-001_19mm_3_42g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left, 107 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 226, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; two boys at his feet, one left, one right..
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,42g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-I-226, p-120, C-525,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-240_p-_C-540_Rome-210-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5mm_2,18ga-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left, 113 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS III P P, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laurate bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-III-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; two boys at his feet, one left, one right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,18g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 210 A.D.,ref: RIC IV-I-240, p-, C-540, BMCRE-25,
Q-001
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Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-266_p-_BMCRE-335_C-222_Rome-203-04-AD_Q-001_17-19mm_3,79g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, 119 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 266, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laurate bust right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G, The Dea Caelestis, wearing elaborate headdress, looking right, riding right on lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, below, water gushing from rocks at left.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 203-04 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-266, p-125, C-222, BMCRE-335,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
049_Septimius-Severus_AE-26-_AVK-L-CE_T-CEVHPOC-laur-drap-cuir-bust-r__OYLPIANWN_AGXIALEWN_Eagle-on-thun_Anchialus-Trache_Varb-2-221-p-31_SNG-Cop-434_Q-001_6h_26-27mm_12,94g-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Thrace, Anchialus, SNG-Cop 434, AE-26, OΥΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, Eagle,68 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Thrace, Anchialus, SNG-Cop 434, AE-26, OΥΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, Eagle,
avers:- AYK-L-CEΠT-CEVHPOC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- OΥΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, head left with wreath in its beak.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-27 mm, weight:12,94g, axis:6h,
mint: Thrace, Anchialus, date: A.D., ref: SNG-Cop-434, AMNG II 479, Moushmov 2832,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
483_P_Hadrian_.jpg
0500 MYSIA, Hadrianeia. AE 15 Pseudo-autonomous under Pius Ram11 viewsReference.
SNG Munich 4; RPC IV temp. 499/500; SNG von Aulock 1127; SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -.

Obv:
Bare head and draped bust of Hermes right, with caduceus over shoulder.

Rev: ΑΔΡΙΑΝЄΩΝ.
Ram standing right.

2.18 gr.
15 mm.
okidoki
RI_051j_img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius denarius - RIC III (Commodus) 27027 viewsDenarius - Posthumous issue minted by Commodus
Obv:– DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS, Bare head right
Rev:– CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left.
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– BMCRE Commodus 24. RIC III Commodus 270. RSC 82a.
maridvnvm
RI_051k_img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius denarius - RIC III 3528 viewsObv:– IMP M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG, Bare head right
Rev:– CONCORD AVG TR P XVI / COS III, Concordia seated left on low seat, holding patera and resting left elbow on statuette of Spes, cornucopia under seat.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 161-162
Reference:– BMCRE 177. RIC III 35. RSC 35
maridvnvm
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-I-130a-p231_C-96-97_Rome_201-206-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_18-18,5mm_2,91g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,108 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 2,91g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231,
Q-001
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051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),144 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,931g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG_INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G_INCARTH_RIC-IV-I-130a-p231_C-96-97_Rome_201-206-AD_Q-002_6h_18,5-20mm_2,93g-s~0.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),121 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 130a, Rome, AR-Denarius, INDVLGENTIA AVG G, INCARTH, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate draped head right.
revers:- INDVLGEN-TIA-AVG-G/INCARTH, Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe: -/-//INCARTH, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,931g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 201-206 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-130a, p-231, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-IV-I-240-p-246_C-239_Rome_214-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_18-18,5mm_3,57g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #1109 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle to left at foot.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18-18,5mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 214 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-240, p-246, C-239,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Denar_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P_Roma-RIC-240_RSC-239_AD_Q-001_6h_19mm_3,23g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #265 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 240, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle to left at foot.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,23g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 214 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-240, p-246, C-239,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIIII-COS-IIII-P-P_216_Roma-RIC-275b_Q-001_23mm_4_22g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 275b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter Standing, Scarce!,91 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 275b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter Standing, Scarce!,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped bust right, seen half from back.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Jupiter standing, facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,22g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215-216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-275b, p-252,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AE-As_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P_S-C_RIC-IV-I-571a-p-307_C-_Rome_214-17-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_xx8mm_x,xxga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 571a, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Radiate lion walking left, Scarce!112 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 571a, Rome, AE-As, P M TR P XX COS IIII P P, Radiate lion walking left, Scarce!
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XX-COS-IIII-P-P, Radiate lion walking left with thunderbolt in its jaws.
exe: -/-//S-C, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 214-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-571a, p-, C-, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-17_MAP-AV-KA-ANT_NI_Bareheaded-bust-r__NIKO_O_IT-_POC-ICTP_Bust-of-Serapis-r_-wearing-Kalathos_Varbanov-2918-legend-var-R4_320-324-AD__Q-001_h_17mm_2,85g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,64 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.06.05, AE-17, Serapis,
avers:- MAP-AV-KA-ANTΩNI, Bareheaded-bust-r.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛIT-ΠPOC-ICTP, Bust-of-Serapis-r.-wearing-Kalathos
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,85g, axis: 8h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum,date: 196 (195?)-197.-AD, under Caracalla as Caesar, by Jochen ! Thank you Jochen:)
ref: Varbanov-2918, R4!! + legend var., Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-8.18.6.5,
Q-001
#465 A correction
Caracalla as Caesar, AD 196-197, AE 17, 2.85g
obv. MAR AV KA - ANTWNI bare head r.
rev. NIKOPOLIT PROC ICTR bust of Serapis, draped and wearing kalathos
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.18.6.4 corr. (writes in error ANTWNINO)
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
by Jochen ,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=60706.525
thank you Jochen
quadrans
051_Caracalla_AE-18_AVR-M-A-ANTONIN_NIKOPOLITON-PROC-ICT_Nikopolis_HHJ-8_18_48_--_p-_Q-001_2h_17,5mm_3,83ga-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.48. ???, AE-17, 8 pointed star in crescent,62 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.18.48. ???, AE-17, 8 pointed star in crescent,
avers:- AVP-M-A-ANTΩNIN, Laureate head right.
revers:- NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-ICT, 8 pointed star in crescent.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,83g, axis: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov HHJ-8.18.48.???, p-221-or -222,
Q-001

"I have added your coin to Nikopolis Addenda III under:
A new rev. for Caracalla
Caracalla, AD 198-217
AE 18, 3.83g, 17.5mm, 60°
obv. AV K M A - ANTWNIN
laureate head r.
rev. NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICT
Crescent with 8-pointed star in the cavity
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013):
rev. No. 8.18.48.2 var. (has ICTRO)
obv. e.g. No. 8.18.53.4
coll. quadrans, Forum Ancient Coins
AV K M A - ANTWNIN with "laureate head r." is a rare obv."
by Jochen Thank you Jochen
quadrans
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_)_AE-27_THRACE-ANCHIALUS__-___-_-dot-AV-K-M-AYP-ANT_NINOC_OY__IANON-A_XIA___N_Q-001_0h_27mm_11,66g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Anchialus, Varbanov II 336-337 but not this bust in Varbanov (Engl), AE-27, OYΛΠIANON AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, 66 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Anchialus, Varbanov II 336-337 but not this bust in Varbanov (Engl), AE-27, OYΛΠIANON AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head left,
avers:- AV-K-M-AYP-ANTΩNINOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- OYΛΠIANON-AΓXIAΛΕΩN, Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head left, wings spread, and wreath in beak.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,66g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trache, Anchialus, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov II 336-337,but not this bust, p-38,
Q-001
quadrans
53a.jpg
053a Elagabalus. AR denarius23 viewsobv: IMP ANTONINVS AVG laur. drp. bust r.
rev: PM TR P II COS II PP fortuna seated l. holding rudder on globe and
ornucopiae. wheel under seat
1 commentshill132
054-Macrinus_AR-Denar_IMP-C-M-OPEL-SEV-MACRINVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_RIC_76,_RSC_37,_BMC_20_Rome_AD-217-8_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 076, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,109 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 076, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-OPEL-SEV-MACRINVS-AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right with short, trimmed beard.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left with thunderbolt and sceptre, before him small figure of Macrinus.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 217-18 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-76, RSC 37, BMC 20,
Q-001
quadrans
060.jpg
056 DIOCLETIAN11 viewsEMPEROR: Diocletian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from back
REVERSE: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding thunderbolt and leaning on sceptre; D in left field.
DATE: 286 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.74 g
RIC: RIC V-2, 47
Barnaba6
V1044.jpg
05a Domitian as Caesar RIC-104442 viewsÆ Dupondius, 14.29g
Rome mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS V; Bust of Domitian, laureate, draped, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; S C in field; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and sceptre
RIC 1044 (R). BMC p. 176 ‡. BNC 790.
Acquired from ANE, November 2019.

Dupondii struck for Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian lack a radiate crown and are unusually laureate and quite rare. This Ceres type struck in 77 or 78 was part of series of coins likely advertising some sort of agricultural programme. Same dies as the Paris specimen (BNC 790).

Solid style with dark patina.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_14.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 11 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
rexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_13.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 10 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
rexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 33 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
3 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_00.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar.21 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
--------
Seller Photo.
2 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_marcus-aurelius_denarius_01.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, bare head of Marcus Aurelius reverse.8 viewsAncient Roman Empire.
Silver Denarius struck under Emperor Antoninus Pius(138 - 161 AD); with Marcus Aurelius as Caesar. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINUS AUG PIUS PP TRP COS III - Laureate head of Emperor Antoninus Pius facing right.

rev: AURELIUS CAESAR AUG PII F COS - Bare head of a young Marcus Aurelius facing right.
rexesq
Nero,_RIC_I_64.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 6484 viewsNero 54-68 A.D.. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 66-67 A.D. (3.25g, 17.2mm, 6h ). Obv: l to r in- IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: l to r in- IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, seated left holding thunderbolt ring right, and long scepter in left. RIC I 64, RSC 121.6 commentsLucas H
06-Alex-Amphipolis-P124.jpg
06. "Amphipolis": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.37 viewsTetradrachm, ca 320 - 317 BC, "Amphipolis" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Branch of laurel at left, Π under throne.
17.33 gm., 25 mm.
P. #124; M. #560.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Most coins issued in Macedon during this time continued to be in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
Severus-Alexander_AR-Den_IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG_IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI_RIC-IV-II_-p-_C-_-AD_Q-001_0h_19,5-20,5mm_2,27g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,90 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,
avers: IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers: IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI, Jupiter standing front, head turned right, holding an eagle and hurling thunderbolt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-239, p-_RSC-84,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Alex_Severus,_RIC_IV-II_558,_Rome,_AE-Sest,_IMP_SEV_ALEXANDER_AVG,_IOVI_CONSERVATORI_S-C,_222-231AD,_Q-001,_0h,_28-30,5mm,_20,81g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 558, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,139 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 558, Rome, AE-Sestertius, IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left,
avers: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder.
reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, protecting Alexander at foot left. S-C across the field.
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 28,0-30,5mm, weight: 20,81g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 558, C. 74, BMC 692.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
062_Severus-Alexander_AE-22_M-AYP-_________C-K______-__N_Q-001_1h_21-22mm_6,22gx-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Zeus seated left, Rare !!!,75 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Zeus seated left, Rare !!!,
avers:- M-AYP-ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟC-K, Bare headed, Cuirassed bust right,
revers:- ΝΙΚΑΙ-ΕΩΝ, Zeus seated left, holding patera and sceptre,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22 mm, weight:6,22 g, axis:1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: Severus Alexander as Caesar under Elagabalus, mid-221 A.D. to March 222 A.D., rare!, ref: Not in Rec. Gen.,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 063f img.jpg
063 - Clodius Albinus As - RIC 59 96 viewsAE As
Obv:– D CL SEPT ALB CAES, Bare headed head right
Rev:– FORT REDVCI COS II, Fortuna, seated left holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194 - A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE 547 note. RIC 59 (Rare)

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-

"Same dies as J. Hirsch 24, 1909, Weber 1793, Cat. 327 in my Oxford thesis.
The Fortuna Redux type is common on Albinus' sestertii, but rare on his denarii (4 spec. in Reka Devnia hoard) and on his asses. In my thesis I catalogued just eight specimens of the As, from two rev. dies. One of the rev. dies has wheel under seat, the other, from which your coin was struck, omits the wheel. Further specimens have turned up since 1972, but no new rev. dies.
Ragged flan as often and some pitting, but really quite a presentable specimen, in my opinion! "
maridvnvm
RI 064db img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AS - RIC 81046 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED P M TR P XIX COS III P P / S--C, Fortuna seated left ,holding rudder on globe, and cornucopiae: wheel under seat
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– Cohen 155. RIC 810 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_064cn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -58 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -

2.70g, 17.92mm, 0o 

The following comes from Curtis Clay “That die is under COS I in my cast collection.  I read the wedge on bust as a I, but no second stroke under the bust.
There are some early COS I coins were the reading may be intentional, but yours is one of a smaller later group where COS I is apparently just an error, because by that time COS II was the standard and only correct title.
I have casts of two other coins from the same dies as yours, Oxford and Bickford-Smith coll., and two from the same obv. die with crossed cornucopias rev. type.”
maridvnvm
RI_064gu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– COS II, Thunderbolt on altar
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. (Unlisted reverse type)

2.42g. 17.77mm. 0o.
maridvnvm
RI_064me_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 11022 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE AVGG, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopia, wheel under seat
Minted in Rome. A.D. 198
Reference:– RIC 110. RSC 198.
maridvnvm
RI_064dj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 114 var. (Barbarous imitation)28 viewsObv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IM C P X, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART[I V]IC, Mars standing front, head right, resting right hand on shield set on low base, spear in right hand.
RIC 114 var
This coin looks like it is a barbarous imitation of RIC 114. Whilst the style is quite pleasing the legends are quite severely blundered.

Ex. Forvm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064t img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26642 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
References:– RIC 266 (Common), RCV02 6285, RSC222
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064lb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26620 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
maridvnvm
RI_064lj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26626 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064qk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 42518 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTO-R AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC 425, RSC 697

Tight flan. I and T of VICTOR clogged but visible under loupe.
maridvnvm
RI 066a img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 130d66 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right, draped
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG, Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and scepter, riding lion over waters gushing from rock on left. Exe: IN CARTH
Minted in Rome, A.D. 204-205
References:– VM 29, RIC 130D, RCV02 6806, RSC 97
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066i img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 24035 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak on shoulder, standing half left holding thunderbolt and long sceptre, eagle at feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 214.
Reference:– RIC 240. RCV02 6832. RSC 239.
maridvnvm
RI 066aq img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 258c (Fouree)30 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt & scepter
Reference:– RIC 258c
maridvnvm
RI 066u img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 275a35 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, standing front, head left, with thunderbolt & scepter.
Reference:– RIC 275a. RSC 337
maridvnvm
261Hadrian_RIC673d.jpg
0673 Hadrian AS Roma 125-28 AD Galley right.25 viewsReference
RIC 673; C. 446; spink 3682; BMCRE 446

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
laureate, draped on left shoulder, right.

Rev. COS III SC below
Galley with arched cabin in stern and rowers, right; prow slanting mast with small sail.

9.48 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
I was told by a friend galley left referring underway to Rome and right underway from Rome
okidoki
RI 068p img.jpg
068 - Geta Ae AS - RIC 175a100 viewsAe AS
Obv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RED TR P III COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder & cornucopia, wheel under chair, S C in ex
References:– RIC 175a
maridvnvm
RI_068ag_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 07917 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P III COS II P P, Janus, two-headed, standing front, looking left and right, naked to waist, holding vertical reverse spear in right hand and thunderbolt in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– BMC P. 422, 13. RIC 79 (Scarce). RSC 197. 19 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI 069a img.jpg
069 - Macrinus Denarius - RIC 002115 viewsObv:– IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P P P, Jupiter, nude, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome, September 217 A.D.
References:– RIC 2, RSC 70
Titles PONTIF MAX TR P P P (no COS) are rare on denarii. No specimens of this coin in Reka Devnia hoard, for example. Combined with medium beard length of portrait increases interest. Macrinus was letting his beard grow and the same coin can also be found with either short or long beard! This is second issue, date c. Sept. 217
maridvnvm
Commodus-RIC-192.jpg
069. Commodus.16 viewsDenarius, 189 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT / Laureate bust of Commodus.
Reverse: OPTIME MAXIME C V P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and spear.
3.37 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #192; Sear #5664.

Jupiter was called optimus for his beneficence, and maximus for his power. These were also qualities Commodus attributed to himself. This coin and a similar brass coin also of Commodus, represent the only time the inscription OPTIME MAXIME appear on Roman coinage.
Callimachus
GI 071c img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus, AE26, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Zeus33 viewsAE27
Obv:– AVT M AVP ANTWNINOC, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– VP NOBIOV POVFOV NIKOPOLITWN / PROC ICPTON, Naked Zeus standing facing, head left, holding patera and sceptre; eagle at feet
Struck under the magistrate Novius Rufus
Minted in Nikopolis ad Istrum

Ref??? Any help most welcome.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Gordianus-III_AG-Ant_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_RIC-IV-III-115-p-27_C-243_Rome_241-243-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-6h_21-23mm_3,71ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 084, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter, #1203 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 084, AR-Antoninianus, Rome, IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing left, facing right, holding scepter and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th. Issue), ref: RIC IV-III-84, p-25, C-109, c3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Gordianus-III__AE-Sest_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_S-C_Roma-241-43-RIC-298a_Q-001_20_79ga-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 298a, AE-Sestertius, Rome, IOVI STATORI, 125 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 298a, AE-Sestertius, Rome, IOVI STATORI,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; S C across fields.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 20,79g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D., ref: RIC-298a, C-111,
Q-001
quadrans
Gordian-III_AE-Den_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-S-TATOR_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19-20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,103 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-S-TATOR, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome??, date: A.D., ref: RIC-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
1299_P_Hadrian_pseudo_RPC736.jpg
0736 THRACE, Bizya, Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian Tyche standing21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 736; Jurukova 165

Obv. ΔΙΟΝΥСω ΚΤΙСΤΗ
Dionysos seated right on throne, holding grape bunch and a single grape; vine to left

Rev. ΒΙΖΥΗΝΩΝ.
River-god and Tyche; to left, river-god reclining right, resting right arm on water-urn, holding reed in left hand; to right, Tyche standing facing, head left, wearing long garment and kalathos, holding cantharus in right hand and two ears of corn in left hand.

6.59 gr
22 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
074_Philippus-I,_AE-As,_IMP_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_FORTVNA_REDVX,_RIC_174a,_Rome,_-AD,_Q-001,_0h,_25mm,_13,93g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0173b, Rome, AE-Sestertius, -/-//SC, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #186 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0173b, Rome, AE-Sestertius, -/-//SC, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae, under seat, wheel, in exergue S C.
exergue: -/-//SC, diameter: 25mm, weight: 13,93g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 244 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 174a, p-90, C-67,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
647_Hadrian_Eastern_Strack35.JPG
075 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Minerva standing Eastern mint37 viewsReference.
Strack *35; BMCR pag. 379 nr 14; C. 296 Vienna. (Obv. die link BMC 1030)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate bust right.

Rev. COS III
Minerva standing left, holding thunderbolt and spear, shield resting by feet


3.20 gr
20 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-001_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0182 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #01
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-22,7mm, weight: 4,15g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-001
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
075-Otac-Severa_AR-Ant_M-OTACIL-SEVERA-AVG_IVNO-CONSERVAT_Roma_RIC-127_246-48-AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,00ga-s.jpg
075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #0265 views075 Otacilia Severa (?-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 127, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno veiled, standing left, #02
avers:- M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, Diademedand draped bust right, on crescent.
revers:- IVNO CONSERVAT, Iuno ( the consort of Jupiter) veiled, standing left,, holding patera and scepter.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 246-248A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-127, p-, RSC 20, Sear 2628, Scarce,
Q-002
Note: RIC notes that this coin is probably issued from Antioch but since there is uncertainty, leaves it under Rome.
quadrans
Mensor_Q-001_axis-5h_17-19mm_3,76g-s.jpg
076-075 B.C., L. Farsuleius Mensor, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 392/1b, Rome, Warrior in quadriga, #1236 views076-075 B.C., L. Farsuleius Mensor, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 392/1b, Rome, Warrior in quadriga, #1
avers: MENSOR S•C Bust of Libertas right.
reverse: Warrior in quadriga assisting togate male into biga right, control number XXCVT under horses.
exergue: -/-//L•FARSVLEI, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:, ref: Crawford-392-1b, Sydenham 789a, Farsuleia 2,
Q-001
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-IV-III-213_Rome_244-46-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #166 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #1
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-001
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-CAES_AETERNITAS-AVG-G_RIC-2213_Rome_244-46-AD_error_Q-002_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !61 views076a Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 213, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing right, #2, Error coin !
avers:- M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 244-246 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-213, RSC 13, Sear 2650,
Q-002
Note: RIC questions whether the mint is Rome or Antioch. Seaby states that it is probably Antioch.
quadrans
RI 077ad img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 00542 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak behind, over arms, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and long sceptre
Minted in Rome, A.D. 222
References:– VM 35/1, RIC 5 (Common), RCV02 7891, RSC 204
maridvnvm
RI 077u img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 06426 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P VI COS II P P, Equitas standing left with scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Rome, A.D. 227
References:– RIC 64, RSC 312
This is a typical example of a silver coin that has undergone a heavy chemical cleaning process, where the sufraces of the coin have started to break down, giving a frosted appearance to the fields.
maridvnvm
RI 077n img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 20220 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter naked standing, head right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. A.D. 228-231
Reference:– RIC 202, RSC 92
maridvnvm
A-11_Rep_AR-Den_M_Volteius-M_f_-Laur-Head-Jupiter-r__Capitolin-Temple-M_VOLTEI_M_F_-below_Crawford-385-1_Syd-774_Rome_78-BC_Q-001_axis-10h_16,5-17,5mm_3,69g-s.jpg
078 B.C., M.Volteius M.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 385/1, Rome, Capitoline temple, M•VOLTEI•M•F, #1 116 views078 B.C., M.Volteius M.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 385/1, Rome, Capitoline temple, M•VOLTEI•M•F, #1
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, border of dots.
reverse: M•VOLTEI•M•F, Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus with closed doors, thunderbolt on the pediment.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,69g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 78 B.C., ref: Crawford 385/1, Sydenham 774,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IMG_4940.JPG
079. Macrinus (217-218 A.D.)16 viewsAv.: AVT KM OPELIOC - CEVH MAKRINOC
Rv.: VP CTATI LONGINO - V N - IKOPOLITWN PRO / C ICTR

AE26 / 10.5g
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
AMNG I/1, 1783, Varbanov 3532
Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.23.34.7
struck under governor Statius Longinus
Scarce!
Juancho
V1085.jpg
07b Domitian as Caesar RIC 108589 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Salus, stg. r., resting on column, feeding snake out of patera
RIC 1085 (R2). BMC p. 47 note. RSC 385. BNC 238.
Acquired from eBay, 10 June 2018.

A rare left portrait variant of the common Salus type struck for Domitian Caesar under Vespasian. The reverse may be an illusion to Vespasian's ill health preceeding his death on 24 June 79. No specimens in the BM's collection, citing the Paris collection. A double die match with the RIC plate coin.

Good style and well centred.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
07e-Constantine-Sis-200b.jpg
07e. Constantine as Filius Augustorum: Siscia follis.30 viewsFollis, 309 - 310, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS FIL AVGG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO AVGVSTI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, and holding cornucopiae. Crescent in left field; A in right field.
Mint mark: SIS
6.14 gm., 24 mm.
RIC #200b; PBCC #786; Sear #15581.

The obverse legend shows Constantine as "Filius Augustorum" -- an empty title granted him after the conference at Carnuntum in November 308. Coins with this title were issued for a short time at 5 mints under the control of Galerius (Siscia, Thessalonica, Nicomedia, Antioch, Alexandria). This title was not recognized in the area under the control of Constantine himself, nor in Italy which was under the control of Maxentius.
Callimachus
domit_as_caesar_vesta_lg.jpg
08 Domitian as Caesar RIC-108778 viewsAR Denarius, 3.54g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta, std. l., with palladium and sceptre
RIC 1087 (C2). BMC 262. RSC 378. BNC 233.
Acquired from Amphora Coins, July 2008.

Vesta is supposed to be holding a palladium in her right hand, but on this example the legend covers up the palladium completely. It is barely visible (if at all) under the legend. Most examples of the type clearly show it in her out-stretched hand. A note for an aureus of the type in the BM (#261) notes - 'palladium hardly visible, sceptre nearly vertical'. There is no illustration of the specimen, so I'm guessing mine is similar.
vespasian70
08-Alex-Ecbatana-P3931.jpg
08. Ecbatana: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.45 viewsTetradrachm, ca 311 - 295 BC, Ecbatana mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Anchor, forepart of a grazing horse, and two monograms at left; ΣΩ under throne.
17.01 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3931; M. #1355; ESM #475.

This is a coin of the Seleucid Empire from the time of Seleukos I, Nikator. Seleukos used the anchor as his personal symbol. Some of Seleukos' coinage was in the name of Alexander, and some was in his own name
Callimachus
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-O-VAL-OSTIL-MES-C-QVINTVS-CAESAR_IV_VICTORIA-AVG_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20-21,5mm_2,89g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,89 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III Unlisted!!!, Antioch, VICTORIA AVG, Caesar, Rare!,
avers:- C O VAL OSTIL MES C QVINTVS CAESAR, IV below the bust, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right holding wreath and palm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21,5 mm, weight: 2,89 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Antioch, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III- Unlisted!!!, p148 , C- , Not in RIC this revers and "IV" under the bust, Very Rare!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
084_B_C_,_C_Licinius_L_f_Macer,_AR-den,_C_LICINIVS_L_F_MACER,_Cr354-1,_Syd_732,_Babelon_Licinia_16,_Q-001,_9h,_18,5-20,5mm,_g-s.jpg
084 B.C., C.Licinius.L.f Macer, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 354/1, Rome, C•LNIVS•L•F/MACER in two line, Minerva in quadriga right, #1153 views084 B.C., C.Licinius.L.f Macer, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 354/1, Rome, C•LNIVS•L•F/MACER in two line, Minerva in quadriga right, #1
avers: Diademed bust of Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling the thunderbolt.
reverse: C•LNIVS•L•F/MACER in two line, Minerva in quadriga right with javelin and shield.
exergue: -/-//C•LNIVS•L•F/MACER, diameter: 18,5-20,5mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 9h,
mint: Rome, date: 84 B.C., ref: Crawford 354/1, Sydenham 732, Licinia 16,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Volusian_AR-Antoninianus_IMP-C-V-AF-GAL-VEND-VOLVSIANO-AVG_VBERITAS-AVG_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_20-23mm_3,22g-s.jpg
084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 237b, Antioch, VBERITAS AVG,76 views084 Volusian (251-253 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 237b, Antioch, VBERITAS AVG,
avers:- IMP-C-V-AF-GAL-VEND-VOLVSIANO-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed, right, one "dot" under the bust.
revers:- VBERITAS-AVG, Ubertas stage left, holding purse and cornucopiae.
exe: , diameter: 20-23 mm, weight: 3,22 g, axis: 11 h,
mint: Antioch, date: 251-253 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-237b, p-186, variation!,
Q-001
quadrans
Rep_AR-Den_MN-Fonteius_MN-FONTEI-CF_Laur-head-of-Apollo_CF_below_chin_Cupid-on-goat-right_Crawford-353-1c_Syd-724a_Rome_85-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_19,5-20,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
085 B.C., Mn. Fonteius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 353/1, Rome, Winged figure on goat right, #1103 views085 B.C., Mn. Fonteius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 353/1, Rome, Winged figure on goat right, #1
avers: Laureate head of Apollo Veiovis right, below, thunderbolt, behind, MN•FONTEI (MN ligate), before, C•F.
reverse: Winged figure on goat right; above, pilei, in ex. thyrsus; laurel wreath as a border.
exergue: -/-//thyrsus, diameter: 19,5-20,5 mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 85 B.C., ref: Crawford-353/1c, Syd-724a, Fonteia 10,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla-RIC-275b.jpg
085. Caracalla.7 viewsAntoninianus, 216 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM / Radiate bust of Caracalla.
Reverse: PM TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
4.75 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #275b; Sear #6775.
Callimachus
A-07_Rep_AR-Den_M_Vergilius_No-legends-Head-Apollo-r__Jupiter-quadriga-r__no-legend_ROMA_Crawford-350-A2_Syd-723_Rome_86-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5-20mm_3,73g-s.jpg
086 B.C., Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 350-A2, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #199 views086 B.C., Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 350-A2, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #1
avers: No legends, Laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below.
reverse: No legend or control letters, Jupiter in quadriga right, holding reins and hurling a thunderbolt.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 86 B.C., ref: Crawford 350-A2, Syd 723, Vergilia 1var.,
Q-001
quadrans
GI_087h_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III and Tranquillina - AE27, Markianpolis8 viewsAE27
Obv:- AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB, TPANKVLLEINA Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-à-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left.
Rev:- VP TEPTVLLIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Homonoia standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos, holding patera over lighted altar and cornucopia; E in left field.
Minted in Markianpolis under Magistrate Tertullianus.
Reference:– Varbanov 2046.

13.58 gms. 27.13 mm. 0 degrees
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 087h img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 08442 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 - 243
Reference:– Van Meter 21, RIC 84, RSC 109
Weight 4.45 gms
Dimensions 23.03mm
maridvnvm
A-09_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Jupiter-r_-DOS-behind_Triumphal-quadriga-r_-dec-eagle-thund_-in-ex-L_RVBRI__Crawford-348-1_Syd-705_Rome_87-BC_Q-001_3h_16-18mm_3,78ga-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #172 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #1
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, with scepter over his shoulder, DOSSEN below.
reverse: Empty triumphal slow quadriga right decorated with a thunderbolt on the side panel, surmounted by small wreath-bearing Victory, L•RVBRI in exergue.
exergue: -/-//L•RVBRI, diameter: 16-18mm, weight: 3,78g, axis: 3h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford 348-1, Syd 705, Rubria 1,
Q-001
quadrans
A-09_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Jupiter-r_-DOS-behind_Triumphal-quadriga-r_-dec-eagle-thund_-in-ex-L_RVBRI__Crawf-348-1_Syd-705_Rome_87-BC_Q-002_8h_17,5-19mm_3,50g-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #266 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/1, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 1, #2
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, with scepter over his shoulder, DOSSEN below.
reverse: Empty triumphal slow quadriga right decorated with a thunderbolt on the side panel, surmounted by small wreath-bearing Victory, L•RVBRI in exergue.
exergue: -/-//L•RVBRI, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 8h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford 348-1, Syd 705, Rubria 1,
Q-002
quadrans
A-09_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Juno-r_-DOS-behind_Triump_-quadr_-r_-dec-eagle-thund__L_RVBRI__Crawf_-348-2_Syd-706_Rome_87-BC_Q-001_11h_15,5-17,5mm_3,78gx-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/2, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 2, #165 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/2, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 2, #1
avers: Veiled and diademed head of Juno right, wearing ear-ring and necklace, with scepter on the left shoulder, DOS behind.
reverse: Triumphal chariot with side panel decorated with an eagle on a thunderbolt, above, Victory with wreath flying right, In exergue, L•RVBRI.
exergue: -/-//L•RVBRI, diameter: 15,5-17,5mm, weight: 3,78g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford 348-2, Syd 706, Rubria 2,
Q-001
quadrans
A-10_Rep_AR-Den_L_Rubrius-Dossenus_Head-Minerva-r_-DOS_Triumph_quad_r_-dec-eagle-thund_-Vict_above-inex-L_RVBRI__Crawf-348-3_Syd-707_Rome_87-BC_Q-001_11h_15,5-16mm_3,67gx-s.jpg
087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #165 views087 B.C., L. Rubrius Dossenus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 348/3, Rome, L•RVBRI, Victory in quadriga right, Rubria 3, #1
avers: Bust of Minerva right, wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, behind, DOS.
reverse: Triumphal quadriga with side-panel decorated with thunderbolt right, above, Victory with outspread wings in biga, in exergue, L•RVBRI.
exergue: -/-//L•RVBRI, diameter: 15,5-16mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 87 B.C., ref: Crawford 348-3, Syd 707, Rubria 3,
Q-001
quadrans
09-Alex-Alexandria.jpg
09. Alexandria: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.123 viewsTetradrachm, ca 310 - 305 BC, Alexandria (Egypt) mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander with Horn of Ammon, wearing elephant skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Athena carrying shield and hurling spear. Also small eagle sitting on thunderbolt at right. Two monograms: one at left, one at right.
15.10 gm., 26 mm.
S. #7749; BMC 6.6, 46.

You may have noticed that I refer to the obverse portraits on the Alexander the Great coins as "Head of Alexander as Herakles." Much has been written about these portraits as to whether or not they really portray Alexander's likeness. There can be no doubt, however, that the portrait on this coin was intended to be that of Alexander. Ptolemy issued this coin in the name of Alexander while he was Satrap of Egypt. The elephant skin headdress was probably inspired by the lion's skin headdress on Alexander's own coins. It likely refers to Alexander's conquests in India where he defeated an Indian army with 200 elephants. Beneath the elephant skin headdress, right above his ear, Alexander wears the Horn of Zeus Ammon. The priests of Zeus Ammon recognized Alexander as divine when he visited Egypt in 331 BC.
4 commentsCallimachus
Elagabalus-RIC-52.jpg
09. Elagabalus year V.11 views Denarius, Jan. 1 - Mar. 11, 222 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: PM TR P V COS IIII P P / Elagabalus standing, sacrificing over an altar, holding a patera and club. Star in field.
3.49 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #52.

This coin is from the last two and a half months of Elagabalus' reign. The reverse die shows damage due to "die clashing." An outline of the back of Elagabalus' head can be seen under COS IIII.
Callimachus
090a_Gallienus_(253-268_A_D_),_AR-Ant_,_RIC_V-I_--,_IMP_GALLIENVS_AVG,_IOVI_VLTORI,_Göbl_383x,_Q-001,_1h,_20mm,_3,45g-s.jpg
090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I --, Göbl 383x., Roma, S/-//--, IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right, 117 views090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I --, Göbl 383x., Roma, S/-//--, IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right,
avers: IMP GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
reverse: IOVI VLTORI, Jupiter standing right, head left, holding thunderbolt in right hand, cloak flying right. S in left field.
exergue: S/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Roma, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-I --, p-, Göbl 383,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
LarryW1925.jpg
0964 Constans II, AD 641-66853 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.31g, EF
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and Constantine IV, beardless (on right), each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU Δ, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in exergue. Some surface deposits on obverse and a little flatness in the striking affecting both sides.
Certificate of Authenticy by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Sear 964; DOC 30d; MIB 31; Wroth (BMC) 55; Tolstoi 293
Lawrence Woolslayer
454_P_Hadrian.jpg
0968 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Octastyle temple57 viewsReference.
RPC III, 968; RIC II 461b; Metcalf, Cistophori, type B1; RSC 240b; Pinder 100

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Octastyle temple on podium of three steps

10.52 gr
27 mm
6 h

Note.

The temple depicted is that of Roma and Augustus erected by the koinon of Bithynia at Nicomedia, of which no archaeological remains have been discovered.

Cistophori were produced in the name of the Commune Bithyniae only once, under Hadrian. The inscription on the frieze, reconstructed as ROM(ae) S(enatui) P(opulo) AVG(usto) and translated as "To Rome, the Senate, the People, and Augustus" tentatively identifies the building as a temple of Rome and Augustus at Nicomedia. No archaeological remains of this structure have as yet been found, and reconstructions of it are based entirely on the second century numismatic evidence. Both Tacitus and Dio Cassius report that in 19 BC Augustus did authorize the construction of a temple to Rome and himself at Pergamum, an event commemorated on his cistophori there. No such evidence for a temple at Nicomedia occurs earlier than this cistophorus.
1 commentsokidoki
trajan as-victory.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE as - struck 99-100 AD43 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM PM (laureate head right)
rev: TRPOT COS III PP (Victory walking left, carrying shield inscribed SPQR), S-C in field
ref: RIC II 417, C.628(2frcs), Sear RCV (2000 Edition) #3242
10.49gms, 26mm

This issue was struck under his military operations on the Rhine, or somewhat later when he visited Danubian Provinces before entered Rome.
berserker
trajan mines coin RIC709-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 104-110 AD72 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC (laureate head right)
rev: METALLI VLPIANI (Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 709 (R2), Cohen 182 (30frcs)
3.23gms, 17mm
Very rare

Under Trajan and Hadrian several series of bronze quadrantes were struck in the name of the imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia (Dardania). These operations supplied metal for the mint at Rome, and perhaps were the sites of workshops to produce coinage for local circulation or as donatives. Others theorize that these pieces were struck at Rome itself, and served some unidentified function,much as the contemporary "nome" coinage struck at Alexandria in Egypt. The exact denomination is unclear. Most appear to be quadrans in the 14-17mm range but some larger examples could be considered semisses.
berserker
trajan_RIC243.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AR denarius - struck 112-114 AD132 viewsobv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI PP (laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder)
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI (Abundantia standing left, holding cornucopiae and grain ears; at her feet, a child holding a roll), in ex. ALIM ITAL [Alimenta Italiae]
ref: RIC II 243, C.9 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
2.91gms, 19mm

The Alimenta was a welfare program for poor children and orphans. Credit for designing the program is usually attributed to Nerva, but it was increased and formally organized under Trajan. The Alimenta was funded from several sources. Probably, money from the Dacian Wars was used to initially underwrite the program; however, the long-term existence of the program was insured through 5% interest paid by wealthy landowners on loans and estate taxes. Philanthropy was also encouraged and contributed to the total funding.
Under Alimenta, boys of freemen received 16 sesterces monthly, girls received 12, while children borne out of wedlock received a bit less. The Alimenta was supplemented with a special young girls foundation initiated by Antoninus Pius in honor of his deceased wife Faustina. Municipal magistrates administered the alimentary funds and in turn were supervised by imperial clerks who had the status of knights.
1 commentsberserker
877_P_Hadrian_Strack47.jpg
099 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD eagle standing right Eastern mint27 viewsReverence.
Strack *47; cf RIC 350

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P (sic)
Bare bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. COS III
Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head turned right

2.55 gr
18 mm
2h
1 commentsokidoki
V1494a.jpg
09c Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1494126 viewsAR Denarius, 2.81g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: COS IIII above; Pegasus r.
RIC 1494 (R2). BMC 488 bis. RSC 47 var. RPC 1465 (1 spec.). BNC -.
Ex G&N, eBay, 27 August 2015.

An unknown eastern mint struck a spate of denarii in 76 which copied many contemporary types from Rome. Both RIC and RPC speculate it possibly could be Ephesus, citing a similar style with a previous Ephesian issue from 74 and the use of an annulet as a mint mark. The issue is extremely rare. This denarius copies the much more common Pegasus type struck at Rome for Domitian. Domitian's connection to this unusual type perhaps can be explained by Pegasus' association with Athena/Minerva, Domitian's patron goddess. These eastern denarii are understandably confused with the issues from Rome, however, they can be distinguished by style and the annulet (if visible) below the bust.

A fine styled, nicely toned denarius.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
V1495.JPG
09d Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1495125 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
RIC 1495 (R). BMC 491. RSC -. RPC 1467 (4 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Solidus, eBay, 29 November 2013.

In 76 AD a mysterious series of denarii appeared in Asia Minor for Vespasian and his sons two years after Ephesus stopped minting denarii. The reverse types were copied from those contemporaneously produced at Rome and featured many mules and blundered legends. Often an 'o' mint mark is visible below the busts, giving rise to the theory that these may be the product of Ephesus. The style is also similar to the last series known from that mint.

Here is a rare reverse type for Domitian as Caesar. At Rome this type is only known for Vespasian and Titus. BMC 491 is listed as no mint mark below bust. A fine style portrait struck on a large flan. Same obverse die as my V1492.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
V1496lg.jpg
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Soloi_Stater_Amazon.jpg
0a Amazon Stater20 viewsSilver Stater 20mm Struck circa 440-410 B.C.
Soloi in Cilicia

Amazon kneeling left, holding bow, quiver on left hip
ΣOΛEΩN, Grape cluster on vine; A-Θ to either side of stalk, monogram to lower right

Sear 5602 var.; Casabonne Type 3; SNG France 135; SNG Levante

This coin depicts an amazon in historically accurate garb. Unfortunately, the bow is corroded away on this piece, but it is pointed toward her. She wears the Scythian hat, which also has a bit along the top corroded away. The quiver on her hip is an accurate portrayal of the gorytos (quiver), which was nearly two feet long, fashioned of leather, and often decorated. Fortunately, there is redundancy in this image, and a second bow is shown as in its place in the gorytos, which had separate chambers for arrows and the bow, where the archer stored it while not in use. The amazon has just finished stringing her bow and is adjusting the top hook to make sure the strings and limbs are properly aligned. She has strung the bow using her leg to hold one limb in place so she can use both hands to string the weapon. Her recurve bow was made of horn (ibex, elk, ox) wrapped with horse hair, birch bark, or sinew (deer, elk, ox) and glue (animal or fish) wrapped around a wood core. The bow was about 30 inches long. Arrow heads from grave sites come in bone, wood, iron, and bronze with two or three flanges; the shafts were made of reed or wood (willow, birch, poplar) and fletched with feathers. Poisoned arrows were sometimes painted to resemble vipers. A Scythian archer could probably fire 15-20 arrows per minute with accuracy to 200 feet and range to 500-600 feet. Distance archery with modern reconstructions suggests a maximum unaimed flight distance of 1,600 feet. (Mayor 209ff)

Soloi was founded about 700 B.C.and came under Persian rule. According to Diodorus, when the amazons were engaging in conquest in Asia Minor, the Cilicians accepted them willingly and retained their independence. Soloi may be named after Solois, a companion of Theseus, who married the amazon Antiope. The amazon on the coin may well be Antiope. (Mayor, 264-265)
Blindado
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
Sulla_L_Manlius_den.jpg
0ab Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix24 viewsL Manlivs, moneyer
82-72 BC

Denarius

Head of Roma, right, MANLI before, PRO Q behind
Sulla in walking quadriga, crowned by Victory, L SVLLA IM in ex.

Seaby, Manlia 4

Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (c. 138 BC – 78 BC) was a Roman general and conservative statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla was awarded a grass crown, the most prestigious and rarest Roman military honor, during the Social War. He was the first man to lead an army to Rome to settle a political dispute, in this case with Marius. In late 81 BC, he stunned the world by resigning his near-absolute powers, restoring constitutional government. After seeing election to and holding a second consulship, he retired to private life and died shortly after.

As to the person, Plutarch wrote: LUCIUS Cornelius Sylla was descended of a patrician or noble family. . . . His general personal appearance may be known by his statues; only his blue, eyes, of themselves extremely keen and glaring, were rendered all the more forbidding and terrible by the complexion of his face, in which white was mixed with rough blotches of fiery red. . . . And when supreme master of all, he was often wont to muster together the most impudent players and stage-followers of the town, and to drink and bandy jests with them without regard to his age or the dignity of his place, and to the prejudice of important affairs that required his attention. When he was once at table, it was not in Sylla's nature to admit of anything that was serious, and whereas at other times he was a man of business and austere of countenance, he underwent all of a sudden, at his first entrance upon wine and good-fellowship, a total revolution, and was gentle and tractable with common singers and dancers, and ready to oblige any one that spoke with him. It seems to have been a sort of diseased result of this laxity that he was so prone to amorous pleasures, and yielded without resistance to any temptation of voluptuousness, from which even in his old age he could not refrain. He had a long attachment for Metrobius, a player. In his first amours, it happened that he made court to a common but rich lady, Nicopolis by name, and what by the air of his youth, and what by long intimacy, won so far on her affections, that she rather than he was the lover, and at her death she bequeathed him her whole property. He likewise inherited the estate of a step-mother who loved him as her own son. By these means he had pretty well advanced his fortunes. . . . In general he would seem to have been of a very irregular character, full of inconsistencies with himself much given to rapine, to prodigality yet more; in promoting or disgracing whom he pleased, alike unaccountable; cringing to those he stood in need of, and domineering over others who stood in need of him, so that it was hard to tell whether his nature had more in it of pride or of servility. As to his unequal distribution of punishments, as, for example, that upon slight grounds he would put to the torture, and again would bear patiently with the greatest wrongs; would readily forgive and he reconciled after the most heinous acts of enmity, and yet would visit small and inconsiderable offences with death and confiscation of goods; one might judge that in himself he was really of a violent and revengeful nature, which, however, he could qualify, upon reflection, for his interest.
Blindado
Aemilia10.jpg
0ac Conquest of Macedonia13 viewsPaullus Aemilius Lepidus, moneyer
109-100 BC

Denarius

Veiled head of Concord, right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA
TER above trophy, L. Aemelius Lepidus on right, Perseus and his two sons as prisoners on left, PAVLLVS in ex.

Seaby, Aemelia 10

L. Aemelius Paullus defeated the Macedonians in 168 BC and brought Perseus and his sons to Rome to adorn his triumph.

Three days after the battle Perseus arrived at Amphipolis, and from that city he sent heralds with a caduceus to Paulus. In the meanwhile Hippias, Midon, and Pantauchus, the principal men among the king's friends who had fled from the field of battle to Beroea, went and made their surrender to the Roman consul. In the case of others also, their fears prompted them, one after another, to do the same. The consul sent his son Q. Fabius, together with L. Lentulus and Q. Metellus, with despatches to Rome announcing his victory. He gave the spoils taken from the enemy's army lying on the field of battle to the foot soldiers and the plunder from the surrounding country to the cavalry on condition that they were not absent from the camp more than two nights. The camp at Pydna was shifted to a site nearer the sea. First of all Beroea, then Thessalonica and Pella, and almost the whole of Macedonia, city by city, surrendered within two days.

Livy, History of Rome, 44.45
Blindado
wileycweights12_12_4mm3_70gg.jpg
1 nomisma weight24 views1 Nomisma weight

12mm by 12mm by 4mm thick

large N pellet above and below
pellet on each corner of N

3.7g underweight possibly filed on back side

Hendin 349-356; Weber Pg13-24.
wileyc
bw15_12mm3_43g.jpg
1 Nomisma weight14 viewsdotted N
15 by 12 mm
3.43g (underweight)
wileyc
0001JUL.jpg
1) Julius Caesar161 viewsDenarius, Rome, Moneyer P. Sepullius Macer, 44 BC, 4.03g. Cr-480/11, Syd-1072; Sear, Imperators-107b. Obv: Wreathed head of Caesar r., CAESAR before, D[IC]T PERPETVO behind. Rx: Venus standing l., looking downwards, holding Victory and scepter resting on star, P SEPVLLIVS behind, MACER downwards before. Same dies as Alfoldi, Caesar in 44 v. Chr., pl. LIII, 6-8. Banker's mark behind Caesar's eye. Good portrait. Some areas of flat striking, otherwise EF

Ex HJB - purchased on the Ides of March, 2011

Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.lɪ.ʊs ˈkaj.sar], July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative elite within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain.

These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to lay down his military command and return to Rome. Caesar refused, and marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman territory under arms. Civil war resulted, from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of Rome.

After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity". But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and from other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources. Caesar is deemed to be one of the greatest military commanders of history. Source: wikipedia
RM0001
13 commentsSosius
Cordia_2_Den_6.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Cordia 216 viewsIMPERATORIAL ROME
Mn Cordius Rufus
Moneyer under Julius Caesar
AR Denarius, 46 BC.

RVFVS III VIR, conjoined heads of the Dioscuri, right & in pilei with star atop / MN CORDIVS, Venus (Aequitas?) standing left, holding scales & sceptre.

Cordia 2, Sear5 #440
RM0024
Sosius
Cordia_3a_Den_3.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Cordia 3a16 viewsIMPERATORIAL ROME
Mn Cordius Rufus
Moneyer under Julius Caesar
AR Denarius, 46 BC.

RVFVS S.C., diademed head of Venus right / MN. CORDIVS, Cupid on dolphin right.

Cr463/3, Syd 977, Cordia 3a. Cracked and glued, spotty toning
RM0025
Sosius
ANTOSE86a.jpg
1. Aeneas travels from Troy to Italy 47 viewsAntoninus Pius. 138-161 AD. Sestertius (24.15g, Ø 33mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev.: S C [left and right in field], Aeneas wearing a short tunic and cloac, advancing right, carrying Anchises on left shoulder and holding Ascanius by right hand. Anchises (veiled and draped) carries a box in left hand, Ascanius wears a short tunic and Phrygian cap and caries a pedum in left hand. RIC 627[R2], BMCRE 1292, Cohen 761; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali) 373 (4 specimens); Foss 57b.

This sestertius was issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome which was celebrated in A.D.147.
The scene depicts Aeneas leaving Ilium, as the Romans called Troy, with Ascanius and Anchises. According to Vergil (Aeneid, Book 2), Aeneas, the son of the goddess Venus and the Trojan Anchises, fled with some remnants of the inhabitants of Troy as it fell to the Greeks, taking with him his son, Ascanius, his elderly father, Anchises, and the Palladium, the ancient sacred statue of Athena. The Trojans eventually made their way west to resettle in Italy. There they intermarried with the local inhabitants and founded the town of Lavinium, and thereby became the nucleus of the future Roman people. One of the descendants of Aeneas' son Ascanius (known now as Iulus) was Rhea Silvia, mother of Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome. The mythological depictions on this coin reinforce the importance of Ilium, not only as the seedbed of the future Roman people, but also as the mother city of the future caput mundi.
Charles S
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1. Æ Aes Grave Triens268 viewsAnonymous. Circa 280-276 BC. Æ Aes Grave Triens (49mm, 106.35 gm). Thunderbolt; four pellets across field / Dolphin swimming right; four pellets below. Thurlow-Vecchi 3; Crawford 14/3; Haeberlin pl. 39, 7-10. VF, green patina.

Ex Cng Sale 100 lot 105 310/300

The triens (plural trientes) was an Ancient Roman bronze coin produced during the Roman Republic valued at one-third of an as (4 unciae).
ecoli73
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1. Roman Republican. Q. Fabius Labeo. AR Denarius. Circa 124 BC.9 views(18.5mm., 3.92g.) Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, ROMA and before, LABEO. Below chin, X. Rev. Jupiter in prancing quadriga r., holding sceptre and reins and hurling thunderbolt; below horses, rostrum. In exergue, Q·FABI. Babelon Fabia 1. Sydenham 532. RBW 1094. Crawford 273/1.Russel K
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1. SEPTIMUS SEVERUS, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 AD12 viewsAR Denarius, Mint: Rome, Date: Jan-June 210 AD
Ref: RIC IV, 236
Obv.- SEVERVS PIVS AVG - Laureate head right
Rev.- P M TR P XVIII COS III P P - Salus seated left, feeding snake which is crawling on and under her.
Size: 3.11gm; 18mm

1 commentsbrian l
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1.3 Marcus Anotonius AR Legionary Denarius. Legion VI Ferrata60 viewssilver denarius, gF
32-31 BC
obv. ANT AVG III VIR R P C Praetorian Galley
rev. LEG VI eagle between standards

"The Iroonclads" were a legion created under Julius Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 52 BC. The name is probably a reference to the suits of armor that they wore.
Zam
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1/12 Shekel, Hippocamp/ Owl42 viewsPhoenicia, Tyre, c. 332-275 BC, 1/12 Shekel, 0.66g. SG-5916, BM-43. Obv: Hippocamp l. Rx: Owl stg. l., crook and flail under wing. Ex John Twente Animal Collection, purchased from Amphora, 1/26/79. VF; area of weak strike. Ex Twente & H.J.BerkPodiceps
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10- CEYLON (SRI LANKA), 1/4 CENT, KM90.18 viewsSize: 14.3 mm. Composition: Copper. Mintage: 216,000.
Grade: NGC MS63 BN (Cert.# 4080257-004).
Comments: Purchased raw on eBay. The nice colors were a pleasan surprise. Tiny but beautiful, and undervalued, in my opinion.
lordmarcovan
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10. Philip I.13 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG / Philip and his son on horseback, galloping side by side. E in field under horses front legs.
3.56 gm., 22.5 mm.
RIC #10; Sear #8976.
Callimachus
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101b Probus. bill. antoninianus20 viewsobv: PROBV_S PF AVG rad. bust l. imp. mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
rev: ROMAE_AETER Roma seated in temple holding victory and scepter
ex: R(thunderbolt)(delta)
hill132
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102. Trajan42 viewsTrajan

Hadrian saw to it that Trajan received all customary honors: the late emperor was declared a divus, his victories were commemorated in a great triumph, and his ashes were placed in the base of his column. Trajan's reputation remained unimpaired, in spite of the ultimate failure of his last campaigns. Early in his principate, he had unofficially been honored with the title optimus, "the best," which long described him even before it became, in 114, part of his official titulature. His correspondence with Pliny enables posterity to gain an intimate sense of the emperor in action. His concern for justice and the well-being of his subjects is underscored by his comment to Pliny, when faced with the question of the Christians, that they were not to be sought out, "nor is it appropriate to our age."

Denarius. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P COS II P P, Vesta seated left, veiled, holding patera & torch. RSC 203.
1 commentsecoli
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102. Trajan36 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (29mm, 25.58 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117. Laureate and draped bust right / [REX PARTHIS DATVS], Trajan seated left on platform, presenting Parthamaspates to kneeling Parthian; attendant standing behind emperor. RIC II 667; Woytek 594v-2; Banti 96. Fine, green patina.

Parthian interference in Armenia prompted Trajan to declare war against their king Osroes I in AD 114. He quickly reestablished Roman control of Armenia, forced the submission of Osrhoene, and in AD 116 took Mesopotamia by defeating Osroes I. Rather than pursuing the Parthians into Iran, Trajan set up a pro-Roman Parthian "buffer state" in Mesopotamia under a puppet-king Parthamaspates.
ecoli
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1027 BITHYNIA Caesarea Germanica Hadrian Ae 20 Zeus standing11 viewsReference. Extremely rare
RPC III, 1027/5

Obv. AV TPAIANOC ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟC KAIC
Laureate head, cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r. , with paludamentum

Rev. ΚΑΙΣΑΡΕΙΑ(Σ) ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΗ(Σ)
Zeus standing facing, head l., holding thunderbolt (?) in his r. hand

6.36 gr
20 mm
2h
okidoki
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1028-1034 - follis (Anonymous class B)33 views+ EMMANOVHΛ , bust of Christ facing, holding Gospels ; in field IC / XC (icon of the "Pantocrator")
Cross on three steps dividing IZ / XC // IAZ / ILE // IAZ / ILE (a blundered version of the previous coin's reverse)

Sear 1823
Ginolerhino
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102a. Plotina136 viewsPlotina, wife of Trajan.

Under Trajan, his female relations played enormously important roles in the empire's public life, and received honors perhaps unparalleled. Trajan's wife, Pompeia Plotina, is reported to have said, when she entered the imperial palace in Rome for the first time, that she hoped she would leave it the same person she was when she entered. She received the title Augusta no later than 105. She survived Trajan, dying probably in 121, and was honored by Hadrian with a temple, which she shared with her husband, in the great forum which the latter had built.

Æ trial strike of denarius dies (23 mm, 7.42 g). Rome. [PL]OTINA AVG IMP TRAIANI, diademed and draped bust right, hair in queue down neck / CAES AVG GERMA [D]A[C] COS V[I P P], Vesta seated left, holding palladium in right hand, sceptre in left. Cf. RIC 730 (Trajan); cf. BMC 526 (Trajan); cf. RSC 3. VF, rough green patina. Very unusual and probably unique. Ex Spink 160 (9-10 October 2002), 852.
ecoli73
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103b. Aelius25 viewsAelius. Caesar, AD 136-138. Æ As Rome mint. Struck under Hadrian, AD 137. Bare head right / Spes advancing left, holding flower and lifting skirt of dress; S C across field. RIC II 1067 (Hadrian).

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104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVD(I)VS_AVG,dot,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_RIC-213,T-1057var_,_Antioch,_iss-3,_off-4,_270,_Q-001,_0h,_20mm,_3,01g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1135 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVD(I)VS AVG (Legends error I are missing), Bust left, radiate, with traces of drapery to front of truncation, one or two dot under the bust(!!!), (A2l).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm, (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-3, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
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104. Antoninus Pius29 viewsDivus Antoninus Pius. Died A.D. 161. Æ sestertius under Marcus Aurelius, ca. A.D. 161.
Bare head right / Four-tiered funeral pyre, decorated with garlands, surmounted by quadriga. RIC 1266 (Marcus Aurelius); BMC 872 (Aurelius and Verus); Cohen 165.

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ecoli
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104. Antoninus Pius29 viewsDivus Antoninus Pius. Died AD 161. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.06 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Marcus and Lucius, AD 161. Bare head right / Funeral pyre of four tiers, decorated with garlands and surmounted by facing quadriga. RIC III 436 (Aurelius); MIR 18, 27/4-10 (Aurelius); RSC 164. VF, lightly toned, small deposits on reverse. 1 commentsecoli
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104. Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius33 viewsAntoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius

In preparation for the succession, Antoninus' daughter Faustina married Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 145 and she soon became Augusta in place of her deceased mother. Marcus Aurelius was associated in imperial powers and he and L. Verus both held the consulship multiple times in preparation for their accession. In his Meditations, Marcus Aurelius expressed his enduring love and respect for his adoptive father: "Do all things as a disciple of Antoninus. Think of his constancy in every act rationally undertaken, his invariable equability, his piety, his serenity of countenance, his sweetness of disposition, his contempt for the bubble of fame, and his zeal for getting a true grasp of affairs."

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Sestertius. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right / AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII COS S-C. Cohen 34.
ecoli
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105. Marcus Aurelius41 viewsMarcus Aurelius

The joint succession may have been motivated by military exigency. During his reign Marcus Aurelius was almost constantly at war with various peoples outside the Empire. Germanic tribes and other peoples launched many raids along the long European border, particularly into Gaul — Germans, in turn, may have been under attack from more warlike tribes farther east. In Asia, a revitalized Parthian Empire renewed its assault. A highly authoritative figure was needed to command the troops, yet the emperor himself could not defend both fronts at the same time. Neither could he simply appoint a general to lead one assault; earlier popular military leaders like Julius Caesar and Vespasian had used the military to overthrow the existing government and install themselves as supreme leaders.

Marcus Aurelius solved the problem by sending Verus to command the legions in the East. He was authoritative enough to command the full loyalty of the troops, but already powerful enough that he had little incentive to overthrow Marcus. The plan succeeded — Verus remained loyal until his death on campaign in 169. This joint emperorship was faintly reminiscent of the political system of the Roman Republic, which functioned according to the principle of collegiality and did not allow a single person to hold supreme power. Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.

Virtus

In Roman mythology, Virtus was the god of bravery and military strength. His Greek equivalent was Arete. The word, "Virtus" is commonly used in mottos of universities and other entities.

Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar, Denarius. 155-156 AD. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right / TR POT X COS II, Virtus, helmeted, standing left, holding parazonium & spear. RSC 703. RIC 468
ecoli
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105b. Lucius Verus17 viewsAequitas, also known as Aecetia, was the goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Like Abundantia, she is depicted with a cornucopia, representing wealth from commerce. She is also shown holding a balance, representing equity and fairness. During the Roman Empire, Aequitas was sometimes worshipped as a quality or aspect of the emperor, under the name Aequitas Augusti.

Aequitas is the tattoo that one brother has on the film Boondock Saints. His brother has a tattoo of the word veritas. They represent, without surprise, justice/equality/balance/fairness and truth.

Aequitas is the source of the word equity, and also means "equality" or "justice".

Denarius. Rev. Aequitas stg. l. holding scales and cornucopiae. TR P VIII IMP V COS III. S-5363, RSC 32
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T-----_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-B1-left_IOVI-STATORI-Jup-1_dot-dot_RIC-333_T-_Cyzicus,_271-AD_Q-001_5h_20-21,5mm_2,44g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !127 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed, (B1-left). Two dot under the bust.
revers:- IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Jupiter 1)
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss- ph-, off-, date: 271 (?) A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I ???, Rare!!!, Similar coin in Numismatik Naumann, 6. Sept. 2015, Auction 35, Lot 728,
Q-001
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-(D1l)_ROMAE-AETERNE-(Rom2b)_RIC-V-I-337var-p-T-2891_off-2_iss-2_Cyzicus_271_AD_Q-001_11h_21mm_3,39ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2891, RIC V-I 337var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNE, -/-//--, Roma seated left, Rare!86 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2891, RIC V-I 337var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNE, -/-//--, Roma seated left, Rare!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1l). Avers mark • under the bust.
revers:- ROMAE AETERNE, Roma seated left, shield leaning against throne, holding Victory on globe in right hand and spear in left hand. (Roma 2b).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-2, off-1, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2891 (Estiot), RIC V-I 337var, Rare!,
Q-001
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Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(D2)_ROMAE-AETERNE_(Roma2b)_RIC-V-I-337-p-T-2892-1st-off-iss-2_Cyzicus_271-AD_Q-001_0h_20,5mm_3,27g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2892, RIC V-I 337var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNE, -/-//--, Roma seated left, Scarce!78 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2892, RIC V-I 337var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNE, -/-//--, Roma seated left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear. (D1l). Avers mark • under the bust.
revers:- ROMAE AETERNE, Roma seated left, shield leaning against throne, holding Victory on globe in right hand and spear in left hand. (Roma 2b).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-2, off-1, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2892 (Estiot), RIC V-I 337var, Scarce!,
Q-001
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106. Commodus26 viewsRev. Minerva dropping incense over candelabrum altar, legend IMP II (or III) COS II P P S C, a well-known sestertius type of Commodus as Augustus and TR P IIII, in 179 under Marcus.ecoli
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107-145 Vologases III - dirham from Ecbatana (Hamadan, Iran)67 viewsNo legend , diademed bust left
Blundered Greek legend , archer seated right, holding bow over monogram
1 commentsGinolerhino
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107. Pertinax35 viewsPertinax

Only a mediocre public speaker, Pertinax was first and foremost a gritty old soldier. He was heavily built, had a pot belly, although it was said, even by his critics, that he possessed the proud air of an emperor.
He possessed some charm, but was generally understood to be a rather sly character. He also acquired a reputation for being mean and greedy. He apparently even went as far as serving half portions of lettuce and artichoke before he became emperor. It was a characteristic which would not serve him well as an emperor.

When he took office, Pertinax quickly realized that the imperial treasury was in trouble. Commodus had wasted vast sums on games and luxuries. If the new emperor thought that changes would need to be made to bring the finances back in order he was no doubt right. But he sought to do too much too quickly. In the process he made himself enemies.

The gravest error, made at the very beginning of his reign, was to decide to cut some of the praetorian's privileges and that he was going to pay them only half the bonus he had promised.
Already on 3 January AD 193 the praetorians tried to set up another emperor who would pay up. But that senator, wise enough to stay out of trouble, merely reported the incident to Pertinax and then left Rome.

The ordinary citizens of Rome however also quickly had enough of their new emperor. Had Commodus spoilt them with lavish games and festivals, then now Pertinax gave them very little.
And a truly powerful enemy should be the praetorian prefect Laetus. The man who had after all put Pertinax on the throne, was to play an important role in the emperor's fate. It isn't absolutely clear if he sought to be an honest advisor of the emperor, but saw his advise ignored, or if he sought to manipulate Pertinax as his puppet emperor. In either case, he was disappointed.

And so as Pertinax grew ever more unpopular, the praetorians once more began to look for a new emperor. In early March, When Pertinax was away in Ostia overseeing the arrangements for the grain shipments to Rome, they struck again. This time they tried to set up one of the consuls, Quintus Sosius Falco.

When Pertinax returned to Rome he pardoned Falco who'd been condemned by the senate, but several praetorians were executed. A slave had given them away as being part of the conspiracy.
These executions were the final straw. On 28 March AD 193 the praetorians revolts.
300 hundred of them forced the gates to the palace. None of the guards sought to help their emperor.
Everyone, so it seemed, wanted rid of this emperor. So, too, Laetus would not listen as Pertinax ordered him to do something. The praetorian prefect simply went home, leaving the emperor to his fate.

Pertinax did not seek to flee. He stood his ground and waited, together with his chamberlain Eclectus. As the praetorians found him, they did not discover an emperor quivering with fear, but a man determined on convincing them to put down their weapons. Clearly the soldiers were over-awed by this brave man, for he spoke to them for some time. But eventually their leader found enough courage to step forwards and hurl his spear at the emperor. Pertinax fell with the spear in his chest. Eclectus fought bravely for his life, stabbing two, before he two was slain by the soldiers.
The soldiers then cut off Pertinax' head, stuck it on a spear and paraded through the streets of Rome.

Pertinax had ruled for only 87 days. He was later deified by Septimius Severus.

RI1. Pertinax. A.D. 193. AR denarius (18.0 mm, 2.74 g, 7 h). Rome mint. Rare. IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right / OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, holding two stalks of grain, resting hand on seat of throne. RIC 8a; RSC 33; BMCRE 19. aVF, flan crack.
ecoli
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109 AD: Improvement of the water supply of Rome under Trajan207 viewsOricalchum sestertius (24.4g, 33mm, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 110.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan right
AQVA / TRAIANA [in ex.] SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around edge] S C [left and right in ex.] River god reclining l. in arched grotto supported by two columns; left arm resting on urn; reed in right hand.
RIC 463 [S]; Cohen 20; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 103:53

This type celebrates the construction of the Aqua Traiana which was dedicated on 20 June 109 constructed to improve the water supply of Rome. A branch of the Anio Novus was carried over the valley between the Caelian and the Aventine.
A lofty arcade was built upon the 'agger' of Servilius Tullius and passing over the Via Appia and the Porta Capena to the Piscina Publica. Terra-cotta water pipes with the name of Trajan and a leaden pipe inscribed AQVA TRAIANA have been found in excavations.
Charles S
109-108_BC-_L_Flaminius_Chilo_ROMA_X_L_FLAMINI_CILO_Crawford_302-1__Sydenham_540__RSC_Flaminia-1_Q-001_4h_17,0-18,5mm_3,95ga-s.jpg
109-108 B.C., L. Flaminius Chilo, Rebublic AR-Denarius, Crawford 302/1, Rome, Victory in biga right, #1152 views109-108 B.C., L. Flaminius Chilo, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 302/1, Rome, Victory in biga right, #1
avers: Head of Roma right, wearing a winged helmet with griffin crest, the mark of value X under the chin, ROMA behind.
reverse: Victory in biga right, holding wreath, L•FLAMINI/CILO below.
exergue:-/-//CILO, diameter: 17,0-18,5mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 109-108 B.C., ref: Crawford-302-1, Syd-540, Flaminia-1.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
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11 Domitian RIC II 72149 viewsDomitian 81-96 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 90-91 AD. (3,3 g, 15,5 mm) Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P X, laureate head right. Rev: IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P, Minerva standing left with thunderbolt & spear, shield at foot.

RIC II 721; RSC 264; BMC 184.

Ex: Aeternitas Numismatics
1 commentsPaddy
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11. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.35 viewsTetradrachm, ca 280 - 275 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram under throne, Triton at left.
16.95 gm., 29 mm.
P. #527.

Following the overthrow of Demetrios Poliorketes by Lysimachos in 288 BC, there was a period of about a dozen years where no ruler was able to establish himself for any length of time in Macedonia. In 277 BC, Antigonos Gonatas achieved a victory over Gallic invaders in Thrace, and that enabled him to claim his father's throne. He ruled until 239 BC and the Macedonian kingdom prospered during his reign.
This coin was issued about the time Antigonos became king and established his own coinage. The decade 280 - 270 BC was a troubled one for the area due to the Gallic invasions (279 - 276 BC), and coins in the name of Alexander the Great from this decade are not common.
Callimachus
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11. Gordian III / RIC 112.10 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: IOVIS STATOR / Jupiter standing, holding sceptre and thunderbolt.
2.85 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #112; Sear # 8674.
Callimachus
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-68_p-360_T-4189_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_23mm_4,02g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #168 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. (Jupiter-1).
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-68, T-(Estiot)-4189,
Q-001
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Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-M-ANNIVS-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-069_p-_T-4190_iss-2_off-3_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22-23,5mm_3,39g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #174 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-M-ANNIUS-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, B1.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. Jupiter-1.
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-069, T-(Estiot)-4190,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4250_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_Z_XXI_(D2,Jup-2))_RIC-V-I-32_p-_Rome_iss_-1_off_7_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,29g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, #1120 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, Rare !, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding long sceptre in right hand and thunderbolt in left hand. (Jupiter 2).
exerg: -/Z//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4250,
Rare!, Known less than 5 specimen !
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_XXI-Z_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-32_p-_T-4251_Rome_iss_-1_off_-7_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_20mm_2,91g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #167 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter stg. l., head r., holding long sceptre in r. hand and thunderbolt in l. hand. Jupiter-2.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4251,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_ADVEN-TVS-AVG_R-thunderbolt-Z_RIC-155_Roma_6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_0h_20-21mm_2,96g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG, Bust-F, Emperor riding left, 95 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 155, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG, Bust-F, Emperor riding left,
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(,F)
revers:- ADVEN-TVS-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt Z, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 2,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 281-A.D., 6th. emission, ref: RIC-155-p-35,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG_ADVEN-TVS-AVG_R-thundenb-Z_Bust-F_RIC-157-p-35_Rome-4th-emission_279-AD_Q-004_axis-0h_19,5-23mm_3,44g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG, Bust-F, Emperor riding left, C, #4131 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, ADVENTVS AVG, Bust-F, Emperor riding left, C, #4
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(6,F)
revers:- ADVEN-TVS-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt Z, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,44g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 279-A.D., 4th. emission, ref: RIC-157-p-35,
Q-004
quadrans
RIC_157,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_PROBVS_AVG_(F),_ADVENTVS_AVG,_R-Thunderbolt-Delta,_Roma,_6th-em,_281-AD,_Q-001_0h_19-21mm_3,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, Bust-F, -/-//R Thunderbolt Δ, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, 85 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, Bust-F, -/-//R Thunderbolt Δ, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left,
avers:- IMP PRO BVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.(6,F)
revers:- ADVEN TVS AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R Thunderbolt Δ, diameter: 19,0-21,05mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 281-A.D., 6th. emission, ref: RIC V-II 157, p-35,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_158,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(F),_ADVEN_TVS_AVG,_R-Thunderbolt-Z,_Roma,_6th-em,_281-AD,_Q-001_6h_21-21,5mm_4,44g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158, Rome, Bust-B/F, -/-//R thunderbolt Z, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, #199 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158, Rome, Bust-B/F, -/-//R thunderbolt Z, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, #1
avers: PRO BVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. Bust B/F.
reverse: ADVEN TVS AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding the scepter, at the foot, captive.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt Z, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight:4,44g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 281 A.D., 6th. emission, ref: RIC V-II 158, p-35,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_158,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(B-F),_ADVEN_TVS_AVG,_R-Thunderbolt-Z,_Roma,_6th-em,_281-AD,_Q-002,_6h,_21-22mm,_3,65g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158, Rome, Bust-B/F, -/-//R thunderbolt Z, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, #266 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 158, Rome, Bust-B/F, -/-//R thunderbolt Z, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, #2
avers: PRO BVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. Bust B/F.
reverse: ADVEN TVS AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding the scepter, at the foot, captive.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt Z, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight:3,65g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 281 A.D., 6th. emission, ref: RIC V-II 158, p-35,
Q-002
3 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_FIDE-S-M-ILIT_R-thunderbolt-Epsilon_Bust-F_RIC-169_p-36_Rome-6th-emis_281_AD_Q-001_axis-7h_21,5-22mm_3,61g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #171 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #1
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_FIDE-S-M-ILIT_R-thunderbolt-Epsilon_Bust-F_RIC-169_p-36_Rome-6th-emis_281_AD_Q-002_axis-0h_20,5-22,5mm_3,24g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #266 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C, #2
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36, "C",
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_FIDES-M-ILITVM_R-thunderbolt-Epsilon_Bust-F_RIC-169_p-36_Rome-6th-emis_281_AD_Q-003_0h_21mm_3,07gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #3136 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 169, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, #3
avers:-IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:-FIDES-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,07g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 169, p-36,
Q-003
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_FIDE-S-M-ILIT_R-thunderbolt-Epsilon_Bust-F_RIC-170_p-36_Rome-6th-emis_281_AD_Q-001_axis-0h_21-22mm_2,81g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 170, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C,80 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 170, Rome, FIDES MILITVM, Bust-F, Fides standing left, C,
avers:-PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (7,F)
revers:-FIDE-S-M-ILITVM, Fides standing left, with two ensigns.
exerg: -/-//R thunderbolt E, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emision of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 170, p-36, "C",
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_173_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-306_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-21,5mm_3,77g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #199 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #1
avers: IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers: IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,77g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-000_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-002_0h_21-23mm_4,35ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #2154 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #2
avers:- IMP-PROBVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 21,2-22,5mm, weight: 4,38g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_173_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-173_C-306_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-003_7h_20,5-21mm_3,41ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #394 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 173, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, -/-//R thuderbolt B, Jupiter standing left, Scarce, #3
avers: IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (4,F)
revers: IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-173, p-36, C-306, Scarce,
Q-003
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG-(F)_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thunderbolt-B_RIC-175-p-36_C-305_Rome-6th-emission_281_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5-22mm_3,26g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #186 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R thuderbolt B, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-175, p-36, C-306, ,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PRO-BV-S-P-F-AVG_IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG_R-thundenb-B_Bust-F_RIC-175-p-35_Rome--emiss_279-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20-22mm_3,72g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 175, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #2114 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 157, Rome, IOVI CONS PROB AVG, Bust-F, Jupiter standing left, #2
avers:- PROBV-S-P-F-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- IOVI-CONS-PROB-AVG, Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and sceptre..
exerg: R thunderbolt B, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,52g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-175, p-36,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_R-thunderbolt-Delta_RIC-187-p-38_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #171 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #1
avers:- PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- ROMAE-AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 187, p-37,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_R-Thunderbolt-Delta_RIC-187-p-_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_2,75ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #2178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #2
avers:- PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- ROMAE-AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 2,75g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 187, p-37,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_R-Thunderbolt-Delta_RIC-187-p-_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-003_0h_21mm_2,70g-s~0.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #3178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 187, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H, -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, Roma seated in temple, #3
avers:- PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- ROMAE-AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-Δ, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,70g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 187, p-37,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_200_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SOLI-INVICT-O_R-thunderbolt-Gamma_RIC-200_p-39_Rome_281_6th_off_Q-001_h_22-23mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 200, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 200, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOLI-INVICT-O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 21,5-22,7mm, weight: 3,15g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 200, p-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SOL-I-IN-VICT-O_R-thd-Gamma_RIC-768_Rome_279_Q-001_h_21-23mm_3,_53g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 74 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 203, p-39,
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Roma,_RIC_V-II_213,_AE-Ant,_IMP_PROB_VS_P_F_AVG_(B),_VICTO_RIA_AVG,_RthundbSzigma,_em-6,off-6,_281AD,_R,_Q-001,_0h,_20-22mm,_2,31g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 213, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 213, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1
avers: IMP PROB VS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F-B)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 20,0-22,0mm, weight: 2,31g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th. emission of Rome, 6th.off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 213, p-40, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO_BVS-AVG_VICTO_RIA_AVG_R-thunderbolt-__RIC-214_C-000_6th-em-Rome_281_Q-001_axis-_18-21mm_3,63ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,70 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1,
avers: IMP PRO BVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G-E1)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 18,0-21,0mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th. emission of Rome, 6th.off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 214, p-40, C-741,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO_BVS-AVG-G-_VICTO_RIA_AVG_R-thunderbolt-stigma_RIC-214_C-_6th-em-Rome_281_Q-001_axis-11h_22-23mm_4,75ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #2,68 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 214, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #2,
avers: IMP PRO BVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G-E1)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, 6th. emission of Rome, 6th.off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 214, p-40, C-741,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_VICTO-RIA-AVG_R-Thunderbolt-Stigma_RIC-215_Roma_6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_0h_20-21mm_3,37ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #188 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #1
avers: PRO BVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F-B)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,37g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th. emission of Rome, 6th.off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-40, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG(F)_VICTO-RIA-AVG_R-thunderbolt-stigma_RIC-215_C-_6th-em-Rome_281_Q-001_7h_21,5-23mm_3,94g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #262 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust F-B, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, #2
avers: PRO BVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F-B)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th. emission of Rome, 6th.off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-40, C-,
Q-002
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Roma,_RIC_V-II_215,_AE-Ant,_PROBV_S_P_F_AVG_(E1),_VICTO_RIA_AVG,_RthundbSzigma,_em-6,off-6,_281AD,_R,_Q-001,_6h,_20-23,5mm,_2,61g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, R! #1,143 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 215, Rome, VICTORIA AVG, Bust G-E1, -/-//R thunderbolt ς, Victory walking left, R! #1,
avers: PROBV S P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G-E1)
reverse: VICTO RIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and trophy.
exergue: -/-//R thunderbolt ς, diameter: 20,0-23,5mm, weight: 2,61g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 6th. off., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 215, p-40, C-741, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG_VICTOR-IA-GERM_R-thunderbolt-A_Bust-F_RIC-220-p-41_Rome-6th-emission_281-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_20,5-22mm_3,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #166 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #1
avers:- IMP PROB VS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VICTOR IA GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-768, "C",
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG-(F)_VICTOR-IA-GERM_R-thuderbolt-A_Bust-F_RIC-220-p-41_Rome-6th-em_281-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21,5-22,5mm_3,76ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #272 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #2
avers:- IMP PROB VS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VICTOR IA GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_220,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_PROB_VS_P_F_AVG_(F),_VICTOR_IA_GERM,_R-thunderbolt-A,_p-41,_Rome-6th_em__281-AD__Q-003,_11h,_20,0-21,5mm,_3,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #3136 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 220, Rome, VICTORIA GERM, Bust-F, Trophy between two captives, C, #3
avers:- IMP PROB VS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (F)
revers:- VICTOR IA GERM, Trophy between two captives.
exerg: -/-//R-thunderbolt-A, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 11h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 220, p-41, C-773, "C",
Q-003
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBV-S-P-F-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_R-Thunderbolt-Delta_RIC-Not_in_Rome--AD_Very_Rare_Q-001_7h_21,5-22mm_4,02gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in !!!, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H-var. right (Not in RIC), Roma seated in temple, Very Rare !!!127 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in !!!, Rome, ROMAE AETER, Bust-H-var. right (Not in RIC), Roma seated in temple, Very Rare !!!
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, and globe in left hand. (H-var Not in RIC)
revers:- ROMAE-AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
exergo: -/-//R-Thunderbolt-Δ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 4,02g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II (Not in RIC), p-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_---_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG-N_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-V-II-686var_Alf_-32avar-No-_Siscia_2nd-emission_277-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3_22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!125 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS INV AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
reverse: FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left by altar, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 686var., (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!),
Q-001
"Thank you for showing this very rare coin reverse FELICITAS AVG(usti) N(ostri), Felicitas holding a long caduceus and a cornucopiae: the draped bust seen from front is unlisted in Alföldi's work on the mint of Siscia under Probus (so ref: Alföldi 32, -), I know it from another coin in a private collection, which shares the same obverse die as yours >> unreferenced coin, two specimens, one obverse die.
The new reverses introduced at that time in the Pannonian mint of Siscia celebrate Probus as "Augustus Noster" (Our Emperor) as the emperor is of Pannonian extraction. The marking which omits the officina number is a clue for an issue of common base aureliani minted parallelly with an imperial donativum in gold.
Very nice coin..S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_612_A_045_No_004_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-II-P-P_XXI-S_Bust-F_RIC-612-p-82_Siscia_282-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_4,67gb-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!105 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F)
reverse: P M TRI P COS II P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23 mm, weight: 3,80 g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 612, p-82, C-447,452, Alföldi type 0045.0004 Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_615_A_047_No_009_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-III-P-P_XXI-Q_Bust-G_RIC-615-p-83_Siscia_279-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!142 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (E1,G)
reverse: P M TRI P COS III P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,75g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission of Siscia, 279, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 615, p-83, C-455,456, Alföldi type 0047.0009,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_SOL-I-I-NVICTO_XXI-Q_RIC-777var-p-102_Alf-73-No-20_Siscia_6thd-em-279-AD_Rare_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!! 67 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand. Quadriga with closely spaced/small wheels, clouds underneath.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia 6th. emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 777, p-101, Alföldi 0075.0001, Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SOL-I-IN-VI-C-TO-AV-G_XXI-VI_RIC-781var-p-102_Alf-83-No-6_Siscia_4thd-em-277-AD_Rare_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,97g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!152 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO AVG, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//XXIVI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,97g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia 4th. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 781var., p-101, Alföldi 0083.0006var., Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_818_A_098_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-P-ROBI-AVG_T_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-818var_Alfoldi-98-no-x_Siscia-2nd_-emission_277_Q-001_h_22mm_x_xxg-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!), T//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818var., AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Rare!89 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!), T//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818var., AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Rare!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: VIRTVS P ROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing an half-prostrate enemy warding off an attack, not (!!!) shield underneath Emperor's horse.
exergue: T//XXI, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 3,64g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission of Siscia, date: 280(?) A.D., ref: RIC V-II 818var., p-106, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!),
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXIT_RIC-818_p-106_Alf-98_no-56_277-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0056, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!72 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0056, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: VIRTVS P ROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing Half-prostrate enemy warding off an attack, his shield underneath Emperor's horse.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission of Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 818, p-106, Alföldi 0098.0056,
Q-001
quadrans
112-11_B_C_,_Lucius_Caesius,_AR_den_,_Caesia_1,_Crawford_298-1,_Sydenham_564,Sear_175_,_Q-001,_11h,_18,5-20mm,_3,72g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Lucius Caesius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 298/1, Rome, Two Lares sitting right, #1115 views112-111 B.C., Lucius Caesius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 298/1, Rome, Two Lares sitting right, #1
avers: Heroic bust of Vejovis facing left, hurling a thunderbolt and seen from behind, PA (Roma) monogram behind.
reverse: Two Lares sitting right, hound between them, head of Vulcan left with pair of pincers above, ER monogram in right field.
exergue: -/-/L•CAESI (AE ligate), diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 112-111 B.C., ref: Crawford-298-1, Sydenham-564, Caesia-1, Sear-175,
Q-001
quadrans
944Hadrian_RIC352.jpg
113 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Galley right Eastern Mint43 viewsReference
Strack *55 (same die pair);Cohen 445.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head of Hadrian to right.

Rev. COS III
Galley with five oarsmen to right; at stern, arched cabin under a curved aplustre.

3.35 gr
19 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
RI_115n_img.jpg
115 - Aureolus, rebel under Postumus - RIC Postumus 37218 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORD EQVIT, Fortuna standing left, foot on prow, holding patera and rudder, S in exergue
Minted in Mediolanum (Milan). A.D. 268
Reference– RIC Postumus 372. Cohen.20 -. Cunetio-. E.616. AGK.6 a
maridvnvm
RI_115p_img.jpg
115 - Postumus - Antoninianus - RIC 0724 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter walking left, head turned right, hurling thunderbolt.
Reference– RIC 72. RSC 155a

3.49 gms, 23.07mm. 180 degrees.
maridvnvm
Sergius_Silius.jpg
116-115 BC M. Sergius Silus265 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right
EX SC before, ROMA and XVI in monogram gehind

Helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand
M SERGI below, SILVS in ex, Q below horses's forelegs

Rome 116-115 BC

3.91g
VF+

Sear 163, RRC 286/1

This issuer strikes as a quaestor and by special decree of the Senate (EX Senatus Consulto). Quaestors were the immediate superiors of the moneyers and under unusual circumstances occasionally utilized their authority to produce coins.

Ex-Lucernae

2011 Forum Best of Type winner
8 commentsJay GT4
William_the_lion_AR_penny.JPG
1169 - 1214, William I “the lion”, AR Penny, Struck 1205 - 1230 at Perth or Edinburgh, Scotland20 viewsObverse: + LE REI WILAM•: Head of William I facing left, wearing crown of pellets, sceptre to left, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend.
Reverse: + hVE WALTER: Voided short cross, six pointed star in each angle, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend. (No mint name on coin. Moneyers: Hue (cognate with the modern English name of Hugh) and Walter, the Edinburgh and Perth moneyers working jointly)
Short cross, phase B. Late William I and posthumous issue struck c.1205 to c.1230.
William I died in 1214 but it would appear that although Alexander II was 16 years old when he came to the throne he continued his father's issues for some 15 years and struck no coins in his own name until around 1230.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 1.3gm | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 5029

William I was not known as "the Lion" during his own lifetime, the title was attached to him because of his flag or standard, a red lion rampant on a yellow background which went on to become the Royal Banner of Scotland which is still used today.

William I was crowned on 24th December 1165, he came to the throne when his elder brother Malcolm IV died at the age of 24 on 9th December 1165.
Early in his reign William attempted to regain control of Northumbria which had been lost, in 1157 during the reign of Malcolm IV, to the Anglo-Normans under Henry II. He thereby lent support to the English barons who rebelled against Henry II in 1173. In 1174 however, while actively assisting the rebels at the Battle of Alnwick, William was captured by Henry's forces and taken to Falaise in Normandy. He was forced, under the terms of the Treaty of Falaise which he signed in December,