Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Search results - "type,"
coin630.jpg
24 viewsLooks to me like a *very* beat-up Macedonian Alex III
'standard' type - Alexander in lion-skin headdress on
obverse, bow-case and club on reverse with some
inscription (often ALEXANDROY) in between them.
This might be the 1/2-size of the typical 5-7gm
20mm piece. Coin #630
cars100
aajudaeabrit.jpg
31 viewsCaesarea, Paneas. AE23.
Obv : head of Claudius
Rev : His 3 children : Antonia, Britannicus and Octavia

Ref : RPC 4842
Hen-567
This coin type seems questionable to place under the coinage of Agrippa II since the legends do not mention Agrippa and the time of minting does not conform to the other Agrippa II coins. We will notice the absence of Agrippa's name in other issues as well. At the very least, though, it was struck at Caesarea-Paneas, so it is definitely part of the city coinage. It is catalogued in The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews in the city coinage section as #208.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Byzantine_follis.JPG
224 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
Postumus_sestertius_helmeted_bust.jpg
49 viewsPostumus, Principal Mint, double sestertius
IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, spurning captive
Weight 20.07g

A very rare obverse type - this coin from the same obverse die as the examples illustrated in Bastien
2 commentsAdrianus
Tetricus_I_concordia2.jpg
32 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM
IMP TE[TRIC]VS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONCORD[IA MI]LITVM, Concordia standing left with patera an cornucopia, standard behind
Normanby -
Weight 3.62g

A previously unknown issue which links typologically to Tetricus CONCORDIA AVG issues (Mint I) and FIDES MILITVM issues (Mint II) and Domitianus' CONCORDIA MILITVM type (Mint II).
Adrianus
924_xlarge_87e458b449580d0ec5dba4e330aff431.jpg
28 viewsObv: Cruciform invocative monogram Type V; in the quarters: τω-cω|ΔϪ-λω; within wreath border (Θεότοκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ)
Rev:
SpongeBob
adadd.jpg
24 viewsCeltic, Bastarnae Tribe, Thrace, c. 220 - 160 B.C., Imitative of Macedonian Kingdom Type

The Bastarnae were an important ancient people of uncertain, but probably mixed Germanic-Celtic-Sarmatian, ethnic origin, who lived between the Danube and the Dnieper (Strabo, Geography, VII, 3,17) during the last centuries B.C. and early centuries A.D. The etymology of their name is uncertain, but may mean 'mixed-bloods' (compare 'bastard'), as opposed to their neighbours the East Germanic Scirii, the 'clean-' or 'pure-bloods.'

32899. Bronze AE 16, imitative of SNG Cop 1299 (Macedonian Kingdom, time of Philip V and Perseus, 221 - 168 B.C.), Fair/Fine, 2.168g, 16.3mm, obverse Celtic-style bust of river-god Strymon right; reverse Trident
Patrick O3
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
13019_89_1.jpg
21 viewsTripura, Rajadhara Manikya, Tanka, 10.58g, Sk 1508, citing Queen Satyavati, similar to previous lot but different standard (type 'p'?), and no bead to the left of it (RB. 178; KM. 97)SpongeBob
s-l16010.jpg
12 views Ayyubid AR dirham, al-Kamil Muhammad, Dimashq, AH 622 type B

622AH. (سنة اثنين / وعشرين / وستمائة )
Ref. SNAT Damaskus #702
SpongeBob
100_1889_crop.JPG
182 viewsHere is an example of a cabinet showing three different available styles of trays for storage. At the top is a standard round recess type tray....very traditional.

In the middle is an open format tray for displaying items "free form", or for items of unusual sizes/shapes such as large medals, military decorations or pocket watches.

On the bottom is a new offering; a drawer for slabs. Each drawer can hold 30 slabs from any of the three major slabbing firms; PCGS, NCG, or ANACS. Other commercial, or "DIY" slabs should also fit, provided they are no larger than any from the "big three" firms.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Album-1827_3.jpg
18 viewsISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). Artuqids (Mardin). Najm al-Din Alpi. AH 547-572 / AD 1152-1176. Ć Dirham (33mm, 17.13 g, 9h). Unlisted (Mardin[?]) mint. Undated issue. Diademed and draped male busts, vis-ŕ-vis; laqabs of Najm al-Din Alpi above and below; tamgha to lower left / Byzantine emperor standing facing being crowned by the Theotokos standing facing; genealogy of Najm al-Din Alpi around. Whelan Type II, 40-41; S&S Type 28; Album 1827.3; ICV 1201.
1 commentsQuant.Geek
IMG_0358.JPG
10 viewsM. Cipius M.f. 115-114 BC. AR Denarius (17mm, 3.98 g, 4h). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left / Victory driving galloping biga right, holding reins and palm frond; rudder below. Crawford 289/1; Sydenham 546; Cipia 1; Type as RBW 1118.ecoli
R790_022502_GK.JPG
19 viewsRIC 790; Alföldi type 85, n° 1; Siscia. Bust type C. Denomination: Antoninianus.

OBV.: IMP PROBVS INV AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
REV.: SPES AVG N
Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe.

Mintmark: // XXI

Weight: ?
vrtsprb
Sear-2217.jpg
10 viewsJohn Comnenus-Ducas. As emperor of Thessalonica, 1237-1242. BI Trachy (20mm, 1.67 g, 6h). Type R, Variety A. Thessalonica mint. Outstretched wing to left / Facing half-length bust John, holding banner decorated with two cross-in-rings. DOC 31; SB 2217. VF, dark green and brown patina, hint of roughness, small flan split.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
image00327.jpg
19 viewsHeraclius & Heraclius Constantine overstruck on Phocas & Leontia . 610-641 / 602-610. Ć follis (26.89 mm, 8.78 g, 6 h). Host coin, Theopolis (Antioch) mint, 602-610 / after 610. overstrike, Thessalonica mint. Overstrike: fragmentary, d N hЄRA[CLIЧS PP AVG] Host coin, also fragmentary, [O N FOCA] NЄ PЄ [AV] , Overstrike: Heraclius (on left, and Heraclius constantine, barely visible on right) standing facing, each holding globus cruciger, cross between their heads Host coin: Phocas on left and Leontia standing facing; Emperor holds globus cruciger, Empress holds cruciform scepter; cross between their heads / Overstrike, large M between A / N / N / O and date (not struck-up), cross above, B below, ΘЄC in exergue Host coin, large m between [A / N /] N / O and date (unclear) cross above, ThЄЧP' in exergue. Host coin, Cf. SBCV 671; Overstrike, Cf. SBCV 824. VF for type, dark green patina on devices, lighter encrustation on fields - overstrike at ~ 90ş ccw.

multiply struck: host coin is Phocas & Leontia from Antioch, SBCV 671 or similar overstrike, at ~ 90ş ccw, is Heraclius from Thessalonica
Quant.Geek
Herrli-01_31.jpg
11 viewsSIKH EMPIRE: AE Ľ anna (7.35g), Amritsar, VS(18)96, KM-5var, Herrli-01.31, small cross in obverse field, pa anna nanakshahi on reverse, lovely strike, gorgeous EF, R, ex Paul Stevens Collection. Herrli divided these into a paisa (=Ľ anna) and half paisa (11-12g, and 5.5g, respectively), but all coins are inscribed "pa anna" for Ľ anna, and all weigh in the range of 7.0g to 8.5g; thus there is only one denomination for this type.
Quant.Geek
Price-1151.jpg
32 viewsTHRACE, Odessos. Circa 280-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 16.44 g, 11h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedonia. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, monogram above civic monogram. Topalov, Odesos 23; Price 1151; HGC 3.2, 1584. Quant.Geek
Untitled55.jpg
14 viewsObv: Brockage
Rev: Full-length figure of emperor standing, wearing stemma, divitision, jeweled loros of simplified type and sagion; right hand holds labarum-headed? scepter.; left hand holds sheathed sword, point downward; illegible legend to left.
Dim: 17mm, 1.1g
Quant.Geek
6s.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 213, 319 CE Trier. 32 viewsObverse:IMP CONSTAN-TINVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT PR over altar. Altar type Helv. 5a2 (a star).
Mintmark dot-STR. 3.6 g, 17.7 mm
RIC VII Trier 213
NORMAN K
Claudius_Modius_Quadrans.jpg
5 Claudius Quadrans20 viewsCLAUDIUS
AE Quadrans, Modius type

VF with encrustations
RI0026
Sosius
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
clsud478.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.25 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
100_3196.JPG
Nero Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. 261 viewsRare. unlisted type9 commentsRandygeki(h2)
011416a.jpg
Valens RIC IX 23b type xxi(b) Rome 20 viewsObverse: DN VALEN-S PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor advancing right dragging captive with right hand and holding labarum in left.
Mintmark: R dot QVARTA
RIC IX Rome 23b, type xii (b) 16.7 mm., 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
63430q00.jpg
10 Vespasian and Titus29 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Antioch, Syria

Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 113, McAlee 336, RPC II 1947, Wruck 86, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.89g, maximum diameter 24.3mm, die axis 0o, 70 - 71 A.D.; obverse ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤ ΚΑΙΣΑ ΟΥΕΣΠΑΣΙΑΝΟΥ, laureate bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ IEPOY (Holy Year 3), eagle standing left on club, wings spread, palm frond left; ex CNG auction 149, lot 286; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection, ex Harmer Rooke (26-28 March 1973), lot 488 (part of).

Struck to pay Titus' legions during and after the First Jewish Revolt. RPC notes c. 320 different dies indicate 6,500,000 Syrian tetradrachms might have been minted. This was the quantity Titus would have needed to pay his four legions. Hoard evidence finds many of these types in Judaea confirming they were used to pay the legions.

Purchased from FORVM!
RI0002
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf190 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
rjb_car_secvrit_07_07.jpg
674cf43 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C M A CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "SECVRITA[S PERP]"
Securitas stg left leaning on a short column
"Continental" mint
RIC - (cf 674ff)
This is a very odd coin. It is of the style that RIC calls "Continental" but not Rouen (702-5), although the reverse type is one of Rouen. It is also noteworthy for the obverse nomenclature M A CARAVSIVS.
mauseus
rjb_2014_11_02.jpg
68236 viewsDenarius
Rome
Issue 9
ORIENS AVG
G 682 var
Whilst this is typologically 682 the obverse legend/bust type isn't noted in MIR
1 commentsmauseus
Gallienus_RIC_494_var.jpg
7 Gallienus16 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bare bust right with wavy base, slight traces of drapery

R: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing l., holding whip, right hand raised, P in ex
Göbl 1211c Milan (S)
RIC 494 var (bust type)

VF, flat spot on reverse
Sosius
bizan321.jpg
Alexius III AE Trachy S-201210 views
Alexius III AE Trachy S-2012 DOC 3

Beardless, nimbate bust of Christ, wearing tunic and kolobion; holds scroll in l. hand. Pellet s in each limb of nimbus cross.
REV Full length figure of Emperor on l. and of St. Constantine nimbate, holding between then Globus crucgier. Emperor and Saint wear stemma,divitision, collar piece and jeweled loros of simplified type; both hold labarum headed scepter
Britanikus
capta doma.jpg
AS FOUND. DOMITIAN CAESAREA MARITIMA JUDAEA CAPTA TYPE217 viewsJudaea Capta, Domitian, Struck at Caesarea Maritima 81-96 CE. Ć 24mm
O: Laureate bust of Domitian to right.
R: Victory to left with trophy.
Hendin-747. Ć 24mm
Extremely Fine

1 commentsamibosam
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio49 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
ming_knife,_400-220_BC.JPG
China - State of Yan, 400-220 BC49 viewsCHINA, Eastern Zhou Dynasty. State of Yan. Circa 400-220 BC .
Ć Knife. Ming type.
Hartill 4.4a
Ardatirion
dcl.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
451s.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 194 Arles24 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTAN-TINVS MAX AVG - Helmeted laureate bust right, cuirassed
Reverse: VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP - Two Victories facing and inscribing VOT PR on shield placed on altar type Helvetica 2d (diamond with dot in centre, in a rectangle with a dot in each corner. )
Exe: PARL Arles mint AD 318-319 = RIC VII, 194 , 19.15 mm, 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
crcg.jpg
Crispus RIC VII 69 Thessalonica, 319 CE32 viewsObverse: IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRT EXERC, Sol raising right hand and holding globe in left, standing in center of plan of roman camp.
TS dot E dot in ex. Thessalonica mint
19.53mm., 2.2g. rare
The true meaning of this reverse type has never been fully deciphered. The latest theory being the X shaped pattern represents Constantine's vision before the battle of Milvainbridge. This does not seem likely since the type is known on coins of Licinius a pagan and Constantine's enemy
sold 4-2018

NORMAN K
st.jpg
ENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .33 viewsENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .
Mint and moneyer uncertain . 1.0 gr
Crowned and diademed bust of king right, holding sceptre in his right hand .
Cross moline, with a fleur each angle .
North 873; SCBC 1278
Vladislav D
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-7.JPG
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A41 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
DSC01795.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 15 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
DSC01834.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
1390_L_Senticius.jpg
L. Sentius C.f. - AR denarius7 views˛96 BC
ą101 BC
Rome
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(AR)G·PVB
Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter, thunderbolt and reins
D
L·SENTI·C·F
ąCrawford 325/1b, SRCV I203, Sydenham 600, RSC I Sentia 1
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,00g
ex Gorny & Mosch

Moneyer held praetorship in 93-89 BC.
Johny SYSEL
20110425-205933-1sb2046.jpg
Latin trachy type C small module Sear 2046193 viewssmall module as SB 2023

Obverse:MP_OV barred in upper fields. Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, seated upon throne with back;holds beardless nimbate head of Christ on breast.
Reverse. Emperor seated on throne without back, collar-peice and paneled loros of simplified type; holds in r. hand labarum-headed scepter, and in l., anexikakia. Manus Dei in upper rt. field.
Mint:?Constantinople
Date 1204-
SB 2046, DOC LIII,32
15mm
wileyc
lic30b.jpg
LICINIUS I AE follis, Thessalonica, 308-324 CE.24 viewsObverse: VAL dot LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right
Reverse: GENIO A-VGVSTI, Genius standing leftholding cornucopia and pouring from a patera, Star left, B right.
mintmark dot SM dot TS dot. Thessalonica. 25.7 mm, 5.4 g. RIC VI 30b,B Type 2
NORMAN K
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
P-shaped_fibula_Type_Trident_(drietand)_ref__D__Bondoc_3e-4e_eeuw_na_Chr__4.JPG
P-shaped_fibula_Type_Trident_(drietand)_ref__D__Bondoc_3e-4e_eeuw_na_Chr__411 viewsokidoki
48+1_Even_Better.jpg
Parliament of 49 Owls16 views24 Thompson old catalogue
13 Thompson middle catalogue
8 Thompson late catalogue of which 3 are post-Sullan
3 Imitations of which 1 "old catalogue" 1, "late catalogue" & 1 "post Sullan"
1 pseudo-Athenian New Style Thompson type ii Sullan "Lucullean" issue
cicerokid
IMG_2204_-_____.JPG
Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais Valerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 2663 viewsValerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 26 . Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais.
Obv: IMP C P L - [VALERIANVS] AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rx: COL - P - T - OL Sacred tree between serpents rising from two altars or baskets; to right, winged caduceus. Rare: this type missing in BM, Lindgren, Berk photofile, and Wildwinds. CoinArchives includes a specimen from the same reverse die, but with radiate portrait on obverse: Heritage 357, Long Beach, 9 September 2004, lot 12092. Cohen 374 (de Saulcy Collection). Adjustment marks on obverse.
1 commentsMaritima
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC51 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
0191-a00.JPG
Plautilla, overview296 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC73 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Domitian_Horseback.jpg
RIC 0539 variant Domitian denarius71 viewsCAES AV DOMIT COS II
Laureate head right

Domitian on horse left; right hand raised, sceptre in left

Rome? 73 AD

3.34g

RIC 539 (R2) variant?: Missing G and F in legend.

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya

Stylistically this coin resembles some others of this type but without the legend errors. The fabric is similar to those from Antioch. Is this an ancient imitation or perhaps an apprentice cut the legend? Or is it an unknown type from Antioch?
3 commentsJay GT4
Vespasian_Prow_star.jpg
RIC 0941 Vespasian denarius97 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

COS VIII
Prow of galley right, star above.

Rome 77-8 AD

3.39g

RIC II 941 (C); BMCRE 210; RSC 136.

Rated common but tough to find on the market.

Ex-Ancient Treasures, Ex-ANE.

This reverse type copied from aurei and denarii of Ahenobarbus struck for Mark Antony in 40 BC, Crawford 521 .
7 commentsJay GT4
santo_domingo.jpg
Santo Domingo 4 Maravedis 1542-155622 views Obv. Two crowned pillars, S on left, P on right
Rev. Stylized Y, assayer mark F on left, IIII on right


First copper coin for the Americas and first copper type minted in the New world. After a small shipment of these stuck in Burgos did not satisfy the need for its denomination type they were then minted in Santo Domingo of the New World.
Skyler
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
valenssisciaaa.jpg
Valens, RIC IX 14b, Siscia. 367-375 CE.24 viewsObverse: DN VALEN-S PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor advancing right, holding labarum, dragging captive behind him.
F (sym 4) in left field, A over A (sym 4) in right field.
Mintmark .BSISCB.
18.5 mm., 2.0 g. RIC IX Siscia 14b, type xxxv (unlisted fieldmarks)
NORMAN K
valentinian7a.jpg
VALENTINIAN I, RIC IX 7(a)vii Siscia22 views
VALENTINIAN I, AE4 AD 364-375
Obverse: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing lert, holding wreath andpalm. Star over A in left field.
Mintmark DDSISC, RIC IX Siscia 7a, type vi(b)First period, Official 1. 18.1mm, 3.2 g.
NORMAN K
00327q00.jpg
Xerxes II13 viewsAchaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II, circa 485-420 BC. Siglos (Silver, 16 mm, 5.38 g), Sardes. Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance to right, holding spear and bow. Rev. Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIa/b. Beautifully toned. Very fine.arash p
00017x00~1.jpg
37 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.62 g)
Fly, seen from above
Blank
Stannard, Evidence 26-7 = Stannard, Parallels 99-100; Minturnae 34-5

Found in Southern Spain

This type is found both in Baetica and in central Italy, at Minturnae, demonstrating the close economic ties between the two areas. Stannard notes numerous parallels in the lead tokens and unofficial bronze coinage in the two areas. He also sees a stylistic difference between issues of the two regions, but I have not personally seen enough specimens from both regions to say.
Ardatirion
00011x00.jpg
19 viewsGAUL, Lugdunum (?)
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.13 g)
CPF, palm frond below
Blank
Cf. Turcan 221, 225-6, and others.

Found in Southern Spain.

This struck piece shares its general engraving style and palm frond motif with a number of specimens in the museum of Lyons. Perhaps, considering its Spanish provenance, the type saw circulation along the coast of the western Mediterranean.
Ardatirion
Roman_AE_Tessera.jpg
67 viewsROME
Ć Tessera (12mm, 0.70 g)
Crescent and stars type
Radiate head of Sol right
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -; cf. Vauctions 270, lot 363
Ardatirion
00019x00.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.49 g)
Footprint
S I (or I S)
Rostowzew -

An entirely new type.
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0203.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.77 g, 12 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 2647.1 = Rostowzew & Prou 300

The style of this piece is finer than one would expect for a common Roman type. Although difficult to tell without an illustration, Rostowzew 2647.1 is the only listed specimen near the size and is persumably of the same style.
Ardatirion
00016x00~0.jpg
35 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.11 g, 12 h)
Modius
Palm frond within wreath
Rostowzew – (but cf. 380 for a similar type without wreath)
1 commentsArdatirion
00009x00~0.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 6.90 g, 12h
Rudder
Flaccid male genitals (or leaf?)
Rostovtsev –

The obverse type differs from the phallic imagery sometimes scene on Roman tesserae. This example depicts a flaccid, rather than engorged penis, often conservatively described in numismatics as a "pudenda virilia." The unusual shape of this piece, combined with the differing obverse type, makes me think this may be a fertility amulet.
Ardatirion
00013x00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 2.71 g, 12 h)
Imperial issue (?)
Venus Victrix standing right, resting arm on cippus and holding transverse scepter and clasping hands with Mars, standing left
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 153, pl. III 2; München 16-7; Kircheriano 572, 582, 738, and 741

Rostowzew places this with the "Tesserae capitibus et nominibus imperatorum signatae" on the basis of type. In my studies, I have noticed that many of the types bearing Imperial portraiture or names are much more finely engraved, often with a centering dot and pronounced rims.
Ardatirion
00008x00~0.jpg
12 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 5.32 g, 6 h)
Venus standing left, holding mirror and adjusting hair
Bunch of grapes
Rostowzew – (but cf. 484 for a similar type with Fortuna on the obverse)
Ardatirion
00004x00~5.jpg
62 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.53 g, 12h)
Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield set on palm tree
Apex; palm frond to left
M. & B. Overbeck, “Romische Bleimarken als Zeugnis des Ersten Jüdischen Krieges,” in Helas und der Grechen Osten, p. 211-216, 1; Rostovtsev 1840, pl. VII, 37; BMC 802-4

The similarities between the obverse of this piece and the Judaea Capta issues of Caesarea Maritima cannot be overstated. This type, as well as a few others that bear the portrait of Vespasian or palm trees, undoubtedly played some role in the triumph that followed the conclusion of the First Jewish War.
2 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0192.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.92 g, 12 h)
C O within wreath
Palm frond; N I flanking
Rostowzew – (but cf. 544 for reverse); Gemini V, lot 843b = Blanton, "A Selection of Lead Tesserae with Games Related Types," in NI Bulletin vol. 45, no. 9/10, p. 146-147
Ardatirion
00021x00~0.jpg
39 viewsTiberius. AD 14-37
Ć As (26mm, 9.14 g, 12 h)
Gaul? Imitating Rome mint issue struck AD 21-22
[TI CAESAR DIV]I AVG F AVGVST IMP [VII or VIII]
Bare head right
PONT[IF MAXIM TRIBVN] POTEST XXXIIII
Livia seated right, holding patera and long scepter; SC flanking
Cf. Cohen 19

The authors of RIC I do not recognize this type as being official. Cohen likely saw a similar imitation, assuming it to be an original mint issue.
1 commentsArdatirion
corinth_tessera.jpg
34 viewsCORINTHIA, Corinth
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.37 g)
Pegasos flying left; [COR?] below
Blank
BCD Corinth 529 (this coin)

Ex BCD Collection (Lanz 105, 26 November 2001), lot 529

This intriguing piece stands out from the main series of countermarked bronze type tesserae found at Corinth.
Ardatirion
00018x00.jpg
37 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.30 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection; Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 232, lot 515 (part of). Found near Ephesus.
Ardatirion
new.jpg
28 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.03 g)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç 53 var. (reverse type)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
Lanz21.JPG
40 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.90 g)
Togate figure standing left, sacrificing at altar before tholos containing cult statue
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Hirsch 279, lot 4922

The engraver of this die betrays no small skill in his execution of the obverse type; the circular shrine is shown in perspective, with the columns arranged so as to suggest distance while still leaving room for the statue to be visible. I was surprised to find that another specimen of this type from different, though equally elegant dies had recently sold in a Hirsch auction, there misidentified as a “bleiplombe,” or lead seal.
1 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0195.jpg
74 viewsINDONESIA, Kingdom of Srivijaya.
7th-13th centuries AD
Ć (17mm, 0.32 g).
Cirebon or Tegal area. Struck in the early 11th century
Xian Ping Yuan Bao in crude Hŕnzě
Blank
Zeno 124661


The kingdom of Srivijaya (San Fo Chi, in Chinese) apparently petitioned the Emperor Zhēnzōng of China, seeking protection from the Chola Kingdom and permission to strike coins. This type, known only from recent finds near Palembang, likely represents the earliest native coinage of that area.
1 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0193.jpg
80 viewsINDONESIA, Sultanate of Palembang. Circa AD 1790's-1821
Tin Cash (20mm, 0.61 g)
Palembang mint
Shi Dan Li Bao in Hŕnzě
Blank
T.D. Yih, "Tiny Pitis Inscribed 'Shi-Dan' (Sultan) from Palembang," in ONS Newsletter 204 (Summer 2010), type I-1

Found in Palembang

Hang Li Po first appears in the Malay Annals as a Chinese princess sent to be the fifth bride of sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. However, there is no reference to this event in official Ming documents. Li Po may merely be a beautiful concubine given to the Sultan. Alternatively, she may be the daughter of an otherwise unknown Chinese ruler in the area, to whom this coin may perhaps be attributed.
1 commentsArdatirion
00001x00~3.jpg
92 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. “T. Duseaman, butcher”
CU Token (28mm, 10.84 g, 1h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *
Bouquet
T. DUSEAMAN BUTCHER/ * BELLEVILLE *
Eagle standing left, with wings spread and head left, holding shield emblazoned with anchor; thirteens stars around
Rulau HT 204; Low 148; Corteau 71; Charlton LC-45; Breton 670

T. Duseaman never existed. This type was struck from a rejected die for the token of one Tobias Seaman, a butcher in Belleville. Mint workers added a U to the name and combined it with a damaged die from the Lower Canada series to produce this currency issue. Breton notes that the type is most often found in Canada, suggesting that it was deliberately produced at minimal cost for sale to Canadian brokers.
Ardatirion
00060x00.jpg
48 viewsMEXICO, Aztec culture. Circa AD 1200/1300-1525
Ć “Hachuela” (143mm x 150mm, 55.70 g)
Mushroom-shaped bronze pseudo-axe-head with curved “blade” and flanged shank
Hosler, Lechtman, & Holm, Axe-monies and their Relatives, type 2a
1 commentsArdatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
islamic_2.jpg
64 viewsEAST AFRICA, Kilwa Sultanate. 'Ali bin al-Hasan. Late 5th century AH / 11th century AD
Ć Fals (21mm, 2.68 g, 3 h). Kilwa Kisiwani mint.
Inscription in two lines; star at center
Inscription in three lines
Album 1180; Walker, Kilwa 12; SICA 10, 589-91; Zeno 87054 (this coin)

Acquired in the 1960's, likely through circulation in Dar-es-Salaam.

Chittick ("On the Chronology of the sultans of Kilwa" in NC 13, 1973), the excavator of Kilwa Kisiwani, notes that these issues were found in the earliest stratigraphic layers and accordingly reassigns them to the first sultan of Kilwa. Walker and Freeman-Grenville gave them to an otherwise unattested 13th century ruler of the same name. However, the picture is muddled by finds from the excavations at Songo Mnara, occupied only between the 14th and 16th centuries, where this type was among the most numerous to be found. The type is unlikely to have remained in circulation for such a long period and may been reissued by subsequent rulers.
Ardatirion
00005x00~7.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera – Dichalkon
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown(?);[Δ]/I downward to left, X/A downward to right
Tyche standing right, holding rudder and cornucopia; [Λ/K] downwards to left, [O/N] downwards to right

This piece is extremely important for the study of lead tokens in Roman Egypt. The legend reads DIXALKON, normally a bronze denomination. Leads bearing denominational names are known from only a few specimens (see Köln 3502, for one such piece from Memphis), including one of this type in Dattari (Savio).
Ardatirion
Aphroditopolis.jpg
34 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.78 g)
Eros standing left, stooping over bird to left
Head of hippocamp right (or swan right?)
Milne 5325-9; Dattari (Savio) 11856-7; Köln -; Rostowzew & Prou 714 (dolphin)

The reverse type here more closely resembles a swan than it does a hippocamp. While the swan is a symbol of Aphrodite, Dattari (Savio) 11857 clearly shows the head a hippocamp. It is possible that these are two distinct types.
Ardatirion
Aphroditopolis_5320.jpg
23 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.02 g, 4 h)
Old man standing right, leaning on staff (Anchises?)
Aphrodite seated facing on rock, head right, raising arms to cover breast
Milne 5320-4; Dattari (Savio) 11851-2; Köln -

Assuming that the types of Aphroditopolis uniformly bear relation to the goddess, the elderly male figure on the obverse presents an enigma. Perhaps the man is Anchises, the father of Aeneas. While he was certainly younger during his dalliances with Aphrodite, the artist could presumably have been influenced by the Virgilian image of an elderly man.
Ardatirion
pharoah.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Arsinoe (Krokodilopolis)
PB Tessera. (25mm, 7.23 g)
Head of Pharoah right
Serapis seated left on throne, holding scepter
Milne 5442 (Fayűm class); Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3614

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 238, lot 295

Milne gives this type to an uncertain city in the Fayűm. Considering the thematic and stylistic similarities with the named piece of Arsinoe, an attribution to this city is probable.
Ardatirion
middle_egypt.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, “Middle Egyptian” type
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.49 g, 9 h)
Euthenia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; altar to left
Nike advancing left, holding palm frond and wreath
Milne 5422-5; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 5393-9
Ardatirion
anton.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Seal (?) (21mm, 4.19g)
Dated year 3 of an uncertain era.
ANTWNINOV[KAITOVNY]
Hermes standing facing, nude, head left, disk or globe in right, caduceus in left; ibis at his feet; LΙΓ in left field
Traces of attached metal
Milne , “Egyptian Leaden Tokens” in NC 1930, p. 310 note 3; Milne -; Dattari (Savio) 6413; Köln -

With an old Galiere Antiker Kunst ticket.

Milne does not regard this piece as a token. The attached metal on the reverse is characteristic of certain types of lead seals.
Ardatirion
54463q00.jpg
18 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.07 g, 1h)
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia [and mummiform figure of Osiris?]
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears
Cf. Milne 5397-401; Dattari (Savio) 6470 corr. (obverse type); Köln -
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
107 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
55 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
Licinius I AE3, Siscia, 319-320 AD.jpg
146 viewsROME. Licinius I. AD 308-324.
Ć Follis (20mm, 3.1 g)
Siscia mint, 1st officina. Struck AD 319-320.
IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT/PR in two lines over altar; I on altar; ASIS*
RIC VII 96 var. (bust type)
Ardatirion
DSC_4480.JPG
48 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Northern Pacific coast. 18th-early19th century
Shell “kop-kop” (29mm by 6mm, 0.38 g)
Tubular shell of the dentalium genus of mollusks
Robert Stearns, Ethno-conchology: A Study of Primitive Money p. 314-321

Ex Detroit Museum of Art

Kop-kops were smaller or damaged pieces of hi-qua shells and circulated as a fraction of the hi-qua. Use of this shell type as currency ranged from northern California to Alaska.
1 commentsArdatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
Ardatirion
00001x00~0.jpg
58 viewsJAPAN, Imperial. temp. Kanbun Era-Enpō Era. AD 1668-1673.
Ć Mun (25mm, 3.84 g, 12 h)
Saiji Bun-sen type
Kameido, Edo mint in Musashi province
Kanei Tsuho in Hŕnzě
Bun in Hŕnzě
Hartill, Japanese 4.102; Ogawa 25
Ardatirion
00005x00~1.jpg
30 viewsJapan, Imperial. Kanpō  Era. AD 1741-1744
Ć Mun (23mm, 1.91 g, 12 h)
Ashijisen type
Ashio mint in Shimatsuke province
Kanei Tsuho in Hŕnzě
Ashi in Hŕnzě
Hartill, Japanese 4.202; Ogawa 293
Ardatirion
charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

Droger
louis1-obole-2xlegchret.JPG
D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
1 commentsDroger
lothaire1-denier-leg-ch.JPG
D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
Droger
louis4-denier-angouleme~0.JPG
Louis IV: denier (Angoulęme)12 viewsAs Louis d'Outremer, king of the Franks (936-954)
Immobilized denier (10th-12th century)

Billon, 0.81 g, 18.5 mm diameter, die axis 9h
O/ +LODOICVS; cross pattée
R/ +EGOLISSIME; 4 rings around a small cross pattée

This type of coin was immobilized from the end of the 10th century till the 13th century by the counts of Angoulęme.
Droger
charles2-denier-melle3.JPG
D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier-melle-2.JPG
D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
Droger
charles2-denier-mellex.JPG
D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-orleans.JPG
D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
Droger
charles2-gdr-quentovic.JPG
D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-denier-gdr-dijon.JPG
D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Droger
charles2-obole-rouen-gdr.JPG
D.880 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 2, Rouen)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR obol (Rouen, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.73 g, 14 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O: +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX;carolingian monogram
R: +ROTVHΛCVS CIVI; cross pattée

Obol of GDR type
Droger
hugues-capet-denier-beauvais.JPG
Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
Droger
henri-ier-denier-paris.JPG
Dy.016 Henry I: denier (Paris, 1st type)7 viewsHenry I, king of the Franks (1031-1060)
Denier (Paris, 1st type)

Silver, 1.23 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 10h
O/ HΛNIRICVS REX ; Alpha et Omega hung in the field
R/ PΛISIVS CIVTAS around a cross pattée
Droger
philippe1-denier-orleans.JPG
Dy.050 Philip I: denier (Orléans)17 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Orléans, 1st type)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 10h
O: +PHILIPVS X REX D-I; city gate, NI and IC besides, ΛT inside and et I above
R: +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ; croix pattée with 2 S
Droger
philippe1-denier-macon.JPG
Dy.081 Philip I: denier (Mâcon)31 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Mâcon, 2ond type)

Billon, 1.10 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 5h
O: +PIIIPVS RX; lozenge with 4 pellets
R: +MATISCON; S with 2 pellets

Although Mâcon (Bourgogne) was not in the royal domain, this denier was struck in the name of Philip I, king of France.
Droger
louis6-denier-dreux.JPG
Dy.096 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Dreux)16 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Dreux, 1st type)

Billon, 1.13 g, diamčtre 19 mm, axe 2 h
A/ +LVDOV-CVS REX; church
R/ +DRVCΛS CΛSTΛ around a cross pattée with 2 Ω
Droger
louis7-denier-bourges.JPG
Dy.134 Louis VII (the Young): denier (Bourges)27 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier (Bourges)

Billon, 0.70 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h30
O/ +LVDOVICVS REX; facing bearded and crowned head of the king
R/ +VRBS BI - TVRICA; latine flowered cross that interrups the legend

This type of coin with the king's face is quite unusual for the Capetian coinage. However, it was hard to recognize the king's face !
Droger
louis7-denier-parisis-2eme.JPG
Dy.145 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 2nd type13 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 2nd type

Billon, 0.81 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 9h
O: +LVDOVICVSoREX; FRA/NCO
R: PARISII CIVIS, cross pattée


Droger
louis7-denier-parisis-3eme.JPG
Dy.146 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type12 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 3rd type

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 3h
O: LVDOVICVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
Droger
louis7-denier-parisis-4t.JPG
Dy.148 Louis VII (the Young): denier parisis (Paris), 4th type23 viewsLouis VII, king of the Franks (1137-1180)
Denier parisis (Paris), 4th type

Billon, 0.90 g, diameter 18-20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +LVDOVICVS RE; FRA/OCN
R: PA[R]ISII CIVIS, cross pattée

The second line on the field of the obverse must be read form right to left, so that one can read : Lvdovicvs rex franco(rum).
Droger
philippe3-gros-tournois.JPG
Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 38 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
Droger
philippe3-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.204 Philip III (the Bold): denier tournois 18 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Denier tournois (1270-1280)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.00 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 1h30
O: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS.; châtel tournois

This is the exact continuation of previous denier tournois types.
Droger
philippe3-denier-tournois-2.JPG
Dy.204 Philip III (the Bold): denier tournois 18 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Denier tournois (1270-1280)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.85 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS.CIVIS.; châtel tournois

Another example of this type, quite hard to find in a very good state.
Droger
philippe4-grostournois-orond.JPG
Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O37 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-denier-parisis-orond.JPG
Dy.221 Philip IV (the Fair): denier parisis with a round O 9 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (359 ‰), 0.94 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: PhILIPPVS REX; FRA/OCN
R: +PARISIVS CIVIS; croix pattée

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
Droger
philippe4-denier-tournois-orond.JPG
Dy.223 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 16 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.00 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-dernier-tournois-orond3.JPG
Dy.223A Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a round O 11 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (299 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 7h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS•CIVISx; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the denier tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
Droger
philippe4-obole-tournois-orond.JPG
Dy.224 Philip IV (the Fair): obol tournois with a round O 7 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Obol tournois with round O (1280-1290)

Billon (270 ‰), 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 2h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign).
Droger
philippe4-denier-tournois-olong.JPG
Dy.225 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a long 013 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.92 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 9h
O: +PHILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

It is exactly the same type as the denier tournois with round O, but with a long 0, as for the Gros tournois.
Droger
philippe4-double-parisis~0.JPG
Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
Droger
philippe6-gros-couronne-1ere.JPG
Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

Droger
eudes-denier-limoges.JPG
D.511 Eudes (denier, Limoges, immobilization)17 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Limoges)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ DI RE; odonic monogram + / ◊D◊ / + (legend beginning at 5h)
R/ +LIM◊VICΛS CIVIS ; cross pattée

This type was immobilized for 50 years ('til the middle of the 10th century).
2 commentsDroger
lothaire-denier-chalon.JPG
D.268 Lothair (denier, Chalon-sur-Saône)16 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Chalon-sur-Saône)

Silver, 1.26 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 1h

O/ +LOTARVS.REX; B
R/ +CAVILON.CIVT; cross pattée

The B on the obverse means Bourgogne.

Although Lothair's reign had lasted more than 30 years, his coins are quite scarce. Moreover, they are often hard to distinguish from feudal issues. The types are varied, as well as the spelling of the king's name, depending on the mint. This is an evidence of a lack of central control.
Droger
lothaire-denier-bourges.JPG
D.207 Lothair (denier, Bourges, immobilization ?)11 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Bourges)

Silver, 1.31 g, 22 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +IOTERIVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; degenerated monogram

This type was immobilized 'til the beginning of the XI century.
Droger
guillaume1-penny-paxs.JPG
S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
henry7-souverain.JPG
S.2233 Henry VII Tudor (sovereign type penny, Durham)9 viewsHenry VII Tudor, king of England (1485-1509) and Bishop Richard Fox
Sovereign type penny (mint: Durham)

A/ [hENRIC] DI [GRA RE]X A[NG]; king seated on throne with one pilar, holding scepter and orb
R/ [CIVI-TA]S-DIR-hAm; royal shield on cross, mitre above, D and R on the sides

silver, 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 8h
Droger
charles2-denier-immo-melle.JPG
Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1b-Naville-6-6-2015-wht.jpg
"C", larger head, Denarius, Crawford 107/1b17 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; above, “C” symbol; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruria(?)
Weight: 4.32 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1b
Provenance: Naville auction, 7-MAY-2017

Comments:
This type with a “C” symbol is of the same fundamental style as the staff symbol 106/3c. presumably both issues from the same mint. The type is somewhat scarce, but the most common of the three other “C” sub-varieties.
Near complete on a large flan, GVF.
Steve B5
EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ř 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
btrajan_wolf_copy.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN--WOLF #147 views98 - 117 AD
AE QUADRANS 16 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG
LAUR BUST R, FOLDS OF CLOAK ON SHOULDERS
R: S C
SHE-WOLF STANDING R
BM-1060 ROME RIC 692
scarce and unexplained reverse type
(Ex HJBerk from John Twente Animal Collection)
laney
A__PIUS_07_06.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS22 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 148-149 AD
AE As 24 mm 9.24 g
O: LAUR HEAD R
R: ELELPHANT, RIGHT COS IIII IN EXE.
(REV. TYPE REFERS TO GAMES CELEBRATING 900TH ANNIVERSARY OF ROME)
ROME
laney
commodus_horse_anchial_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--ANCHIALOS39 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca. 191 - 192 AD, issued by Caecilius Servilianus, Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae
Ć 29.5 mm; 6.90 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Λ ΑΥΡ - ΚΟΜΟΔΟC , laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, facing right; two countermarks in ovals: helmeted head of Athena, and DX
R: ΗΓ ΚΑΙ CΕΡΟΥΙΛΙΑΝΟΥ ΑΓΧΙΑΛΕΩΝ , emperor (Commodus) on horseback, r., wearing military dress, holding spear.
Thrace, Anchialos
Ref. cf AMNG 441, pl. VI. 16 (rev.) ; RPC online coin type temporary № 4532 (2 pieces listed) but described as "galloping" ; Moushmov 2799; rare
1 commentslaney
domna_fourree.jpg
(0193) JUIA DOMNA34 viewsb. ca. 170, d. 217
(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
AR Fouree Denarius 19 mm, 3.49 g
O: IVLIA AVGVSTA draped bust right
R: FORTVN-[A]E AVG, Fortuna standing left holding cornucopiae
)(reverse type does not appear to have been used on official Domna denarius issues)
laney
julia_dom_artemis_markian~0.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA20 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm; 8.26 g
O:. IOVLIA - AVGOVCTA draped bust r.
R: MARKIANO - POLITWN Artemis as huntress advancing r., holding bow in extended l. hand and pulling with
r. hand arrow from quiver over r. shoulder
Markianopolis mint
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.): this obv. legend not listed
c) not in Hristova/Jekov: (new obverse type)
No.6.17.13.1 has IOVLIA DOMNA CEB. The legend IOVLIA AVGOVCTA
is not listed
laney
sept_sev_herak_beig_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS37 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN / PROC ICTR; bow in exe; Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1309; b) Varbanov (engl.) 2710 corr. (doesn't mention club and bow)
c) Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25
d) Voegtli type 4m; Stoll, Herakles 39
Rare
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
laney
septimius_cretan_bull_x.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS19 views193-211 AD
AE 25.5 mm, 8.66 g
struck under governor Aurelius Gallus
O: AVT L CEPT -[ CEVHR PER] laureate head right
R: VP AV[R GALLOV] [NIKOPOLI]TWN Cretan Bull with uplifted forelegs and raised tail left; Herakles, nude, running beside him left, grasping s the bull's horns to subdue him; club on ground behind Herakles’ right foot; PPOC ICTP and bow in exergue.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Nicopolis ad Istrum; AMNG I 1309. Varbanov 2134. Voegtli type 4m. Stoll, Herakles 39. Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.14.14.25 Very rare
laney
septim_nik_herak_patera_club_skin.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS15 views193-211 AD
AE 19 mm, 3.19 g
O: AVK - [CEVHROC] Laureate head right
R:NIKOPOL - I PROC ICT Herakles, standing facing with head left holding club and lion-skin in left arm and patera in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1388 (1 ex., Paris); Varbanov (engl.) 2297; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.14.23
Rare type with Herakles holding patera
laney
geta_res.jpg
(0198) GETA48 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
geta_pautalia_-_Copyb.jpg
(0198) GETA29 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
augustus_dena.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS74 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 2 BC - 4 AD
AR DENARIUS 3.81 g
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Laureate head of Augustus, right
R: C L CAESARES, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT Togate figures of Gaius and Lucius standing facing, holding spear and shield between them. Lituus on left, facing right; and simpulum on right, facing left
Lugdunum, RIC (I) 210.
(this is the scarcer mirror-image version of this reverse type, and shows the lituus on the left; and Gaius, with his shield in front of Lucius’ shield and the ladle by his head on the right)

3 commentslaney
claudius_ii_gothicus_fides_mercury_b_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS26 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right, seen from the back
R: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus; Z in exe
Antioch mint
RIC V 207, Antioch var. (bust type); Cohen 83
laney
claudius_gothicus_fides_mercury_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS37 views268 - 270 AD
AE 19.5 mm, 3.75 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right, seen from the back
R: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus; Z in exe
Antioch mint
RIC V 207, Antioch var. (bust type); Cohen 83
laney
probus_clementia_xxi_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS21 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C
laney
probus_clementia_resized.jpg
(0276) Probus/Clementia Temp Silvered Ant.40 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C

laney
CONSTANTINE_II_VIC_RES.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Augustus)35 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 14 mm, 1.47 g.
O: VIC CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of Constantine II right
R: Emperor standing facing, head right, holding spear and resting hand on grounded shield;
ROME RIC 4. (Rare type struck only at the mint of Rome)

laney
crispus_troph_captives_b.jpg
(0317) CRISPUS20 views317 - 326 AD
AE 19.5 mm max, 2.40 g
O: CRISPUS NOB CAES Cuirassed bust in crested helmet right
R: VIRTVS EXERCIT Two captives seated, trophy between them
uncommon type
laney
valentinian_res.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I -- GLORIA64 views364 - 375 AD
AD 18.3 mm2.63 g
O: DN VALENTINI-ANVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor in military dress, advancing right, head left, holding labarum, dragging captive behind him.
Left field: F; Right field: A over symbol 3.
BSISC zigzag in exe.
Siscia mint
RIC IX Siscia 14a, type xxxiii.
laney
ZDS.jpg
(172_192) Comode - Aguila (Tracia)22 viewsADPIANOPOLEI.
Coin type
Temporary Number 10552
City; Province; Region Hadrianopolis; Thrace; Thrace
Date 191–192
Obverse design laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass(?) and paludamentum, r.
Obverse inscription ΑΥ Κ Λ ΑΥ ΚΟΜΟΔΟΣ
Reverse design eagle standing, facing, head, l., spreading wings
Reverse inscription ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΕΙΤ
Metal Bronze
Average diameter 17 mm
Average weight 3,30 g
Average die-axis 6
Type reference Jurukova 166
Ségusiaves
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
PO_1598_0400_R.jpg
(n.d.) 4 Reales10 viewsn.d. 4 Reales
Potosi, Bolivia
King Philip III (1598 - 1621)
Assayer: R (Baltasar Ramos Leceta; 1605? - 1612)
13.69 grams
Sedwick type: P40
cmcdon0923
PO_1630_0800_T.jpg
(n.d.) 8 Reales5 viewsn.d. 8 Reales
Potosi, Bolivia
King Philip IV
Assayer: T (Juan Ximez de Tapia; 1629-31)
27.25 grams
Sedwick type: P26
cmcdon0923
nurnberg_1_kreuzer_1773.jpg
*SOLD*20 views Nürnberg - 1 Kreuzer

Attribution: KM #367; 'Stadtansichtskreuzer von Nürnberg' (city-view Kreuzer of Nuremberg) is the specific type
Date: AD 1773
Obverse: View of Nuremberg in Bavaria/Germany, Providence of God above, 1773 below
Reverse: Three Coat of Arms of Nuremberg – 1) Top is 'Freie und Reichsstadt' ('Free city and city of the German Empire), the meaning is that Nuremberg has no other ruler above it than
the Emperor himself; 2) right is a half eagle, black on golden field, in the l. half, and six red and six silver oblique stripes in the r. field; 3) left shows a golden harpyia (mythic bird) on a blue field, has a female head and is crowned.
Noah
theodosiusHeraclea.JPG
-Theodosius II AE3. Heraclea26 viewsTheodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC X 398, VF, Heraclea mint, 13mm, 408 - 423 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Theodosius II and Honorius standing facing. SMHA in ex; scarce type.ancientone
_AR-Tet_feb2012.jpg
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria435 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
~~~~~
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
~~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53991 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great54 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
Byzantine1.jpg
001 - Anonymus follis class A2 - Sear 181346 viewsObv: +EMMANOVHA, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels, the cover ornamented with central pellet in border of dots. To left IC and to right XC.
Rev: IhSYS / XRISTYS / bASILEY / bASILE in foyr lines. Dot above and below.
This type is attributed to the joint regin of Basil II and Constantine VIII 976-1025 AD.
30.0 mm. diameter.
pierre_p77
105141.jpg
001. MARK ANTONY161 viewsJULIUS CAESAR and MARK ANTONY. 43 BC.

Hardly any of his assassins survived Caesar for more than three years, or died a natural death. They were all condemned, and they perished in various ways---some by shipwreck, some in battle; some took their own lives with the self-same dagger with which they had impiously slain Caesar.

Fourré Denarius (19mm, 3.63 gm).

Obv: Bare head of Mark Antony right; lituus behind
Rev: Laureate head of Julius Caesar right, jug behind.
Ref: Crawford 488/1; CRI 118; Sydenham 1165; RSC 2. Near VF, porous, several large breaks in plating revealing the copper core.
Source: Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1087.
Ex CNG Electronic Auction 105 lot 141 229/150
BFBV

I don't usually buy fourres; but in reality, I have no chance of owning this popular type given my budget.
1 commentsecoli
Dioclet_follis.jpg
002 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), Follis - RIC 85a or 95a20 viewsObv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in Siscia (*SIS in exe, gamma in right field), officina 3, 295-296 AD.

The two RIC-types 85a and 95a are quite complicated to distinguish. The difference is supposed to be a slight difference in size of the bust.
pierre_p77
Prob11.jpg
002 - Probus Antoniniani - RIC 336 var. 87 viewsObv: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield.
Rev: CONCORD MILIT, Emperor and Concordia clasping hands.
Minted in Ticinum (PXXT in exe), Emission 3 Officina 1, AD 277
Bust type G.
1 commentspierre_p77
coin14~0.JPG
002. AUGUSTUS31 viewsAUGUSTUS AE as. Lugdunum mint, 10 BC or after. CAESAR PONT MAX, laureate head right. Reverse - the Altar of Lugdunum, Victory on each pedestal, ROM ET AVG below. RCV 1690.

This early type was issued circa 10 BC and the years immediately following, to commemorate the completion of the altar at Lugdunum, which was inaugurated on August 1st, 10 BC. A later type of this series was also issued later in the reign of Augustus, and includes both Augustus and Tiberius as Caesar.
ecoli
1_My_Titus.jpg
004.Titus 79-81 AD43 viewsAR Denarius
Mint: Rome, Date: 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM,Laureate head of Titus right.
Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, Two captives seated left and right, back to back, between them, trophy composed of cuirass, helmet, and oblong shields,the captive on left is a woman, draped, hooded, and rests head on right hand; the captive on right is a man, naked,and has his hands bound behind his back.
Ref: RIC II-102
Possible Judea Capta type,Hendin-778;Meshorer TJC,Supplement 5,Type I
2 commentsBrian L
Maximiano.jpg
005 - Maximian (second regin 306-308 AD), half follis - RIC 91b44 viewsObv: DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, right hand rised.
Rev: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on sceptre left.
Minted in Alexandria (gamma in mid field. ALE in exe), officina 3, earlier to mid 308 AD (that is before his second abdication at the conference in Carnuntum). Scarce according to RIC.

The coin type is supposed to honor the senior emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 AD.
pierre_p77
coin261~0.JPG
005. Constantius Gallus Cyzicus Fel Temp10 viewsCyzikus 103..

Ided by dot S dot marking and horseman type. Mint mark unknown.
ecoli
V541.jpg
00a Domitian as Caesar RIC 541338 viewsAR Denarius, 3.46g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 541 (R2). BMC 129 var. RSC 664. BNC 105 var.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 701. = Helios, ebay, 29 November 2010 (A. Lynn Collection).

This is an extremely rare denarius of Domitian as Caesar, the second earliest minted at Rome. Here the legend is clockwise, the much more common Domitian on horseback type has the legend anticlockwise. The reverse may allude to Domitian's participation in Vespasian and Titus' joint triumph where he rode a 'magnificent' steed. The obverse is a die match with the RIC plate coin from Oxford.

The early portrait on this one is quite outstanding.
18 commentsDavid Atherton
gordian-III_tet_ram-below-eagle_14_76gr_mar2012_amphora.jpg
01 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #3 - Ram leaping left beneath Eagle, head reverted, Crescent Moon above ram27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD ) Silver Tetradrachm.
Struck at the Roman Mint at Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing, holding laurel wreath in beak, head facing left.
BELOW: Ram leaping left, head turned facing behind (right), with Crescent Moon above head of Ram, all between the legs of the Eagle.

Weight: 14.76 Grams

~~~~
::Great detail on the head and beak of the Eagle, as well as on the Emperor's portrait, very nice coin, good weight for the type too. ::
~~~

*ex Amphora Ancient Coins, with photo-authenticity COA signed by David Hendin, author of Guide to Biblical Coins.
~~
~
5 commentsrexesq
V669a.jpg
01 Domitian as Caesar RIC 66927 viewsĆ As, 11.05g
Rome mint, 73-74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PAX AVGVST; S C in field; Pax stg. l., leaning on column, with caduceus and branch
RIC 669 (C). BMC -. BNC 699.
Acquired from Musa Numismatics, August 2019.

The propaganda value of Pax for the Flavian dynasty after the Civil War, the revolt of Civilis, and the Jewish War cannot be underestimated. In her various guises she is one of the most popular types on Vespasian's coinage and shows up quite frequently during the reign on the coins struck for both himself and his sons. This As struck for Domitian as Caesar shows Pax leaning on a column, which likely copies a well known cult image of the goddess.

Tellingly, less than a decade later, Pax would not feature so prominently on Domitian's own coinage as Emperor.

Fine style early portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
2620274.jpg
01 Julius Caesar, Captives19 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain. c. 46-45 B.C. (3.71g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: Diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on shoulder. Rev: Gallia seated in attitude of mourning and a Gaulish male captive, hands bound, seated beneath trophy, possibly Vercingetorix. CAESAR in Exergue. RSC 13. Craw. 468/1.

This type was minted during Caesar’s final campaign against Pompeian forces in Spain. The obverse refers to Caesar's mythical descent from the goddess Venus. The reverse refers to Caesar's victories in Gaul and the male Gaulish captive may be Vercingetorix. Not perfect, but well centered, a good state of preservation, with a clear CAESAR on the reverse.
Lucas H
Philip-I-RIC-012.jpg
01. Philip I.18 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / Lion facing right. I in exergue.
4.60 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #12; Sear #8956.

During the reign of Philip I, the Empire celebrated the millennium of the founding of the City of Rome. The thousandth year of Rome was calculated as running from April 21, 247 to April 21, 248. During this year, celebrations were held throughout the empire, and in the city of Rome itself. Spectacular games were held for the people and a series of coins was issued depicting the animals which appeared in these games. Other reverse types looked back a 1000 years (wolf & twins) or ahead to the future (SAECVLVM NOVVM / temple) as Rome entered a "new age." The first 8 coins in this album are the coins issued for this occasion.
Callimachus
Prob7.jpg
010 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 90534 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (XXIV in exe), emission 1 officina 5, 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
coin287.JPG
011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
ecoli
Hadrian_denar1.jpg
012 - Hadrian (117-138 AD), denarius - RIC 39b41 viewsObv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate heroic bust right, draped on left shoulder.
Rev: P M TR P COS III and CONCORD in exe, Concordia seated left, holding patera, resting elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopia below throne.
Minted in Rome [119-122 AD?]

This coin has ben donated to Soderakra local historical society (Sweden) as there some years ago was found a denarius of this type in an Iron Age grave at this location. This enables the society to display a coin of the very same type even though the actual grave find is locked up in a central collection.
pierre_p77
Probtrip.jpg
014 - Probus (276-282 AD) antoninianus - RIC 92735 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP(dot), Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle,
receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Tripolis (KA in exe, crescent in field), first emission ca 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
Probus_fides.jpg
015 - Probus (276-282 AD) Antoninianus - RIC 16939 viewsObv: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDES MILITUM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.
Minted in Rome (R thunderbolt Epsilon in exe), 6th emission 281 AD.
Bust type F.
1 commentspierre_p77
Commodus_denar2.jpg
018 - Commodus (177-192), denarius - BM 184, RIC unlisted48 viewsObv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.
Minted in Rome 186 AD

The cuirassed bust are rare on denarii. This particular type are unlisted in both RIC and Cohen, though the obverse legend and reverse type (not legend) are equal to RIC 117, Cohen 486. The only coin I know of with this bust and reverse legend is BM 184. The BM coin and this coin are struck with diferent obverse dies, hence ther must have been at least two pairs of dies striking this type. Thers should be more coins of this type out there, if anyone knows of one I´ll be very happy to hear about it! (Many thanks to mr Curtis Clay for information on this coin).
pierre_p77
domitian as caesar horseback1.jpg
01a Domitian as Caesar RIC 680267 viewsAR Denarius, 3.15g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 680 (C). BMC 129. RSC 664. BNC 105.
Ex Berk 146, 29 November 2005, lot 363.

A reverse type issued only for Domitian, most likely a reference to his part in the Judaean triumph of Vespasian and Titus.

"while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse, the conventional mount for young princes on such occasions." (Suetonius, Domitian, ii)

A scarce coin of Domitian's part in a very important event in Flavian history. Nice portait with some of the beard still intact and a lively horse on the reverse!
1 commentsVespasian70
Augustus_RIC_I_86a.jpg
02 Augusts RIC I 86a54 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D.. Colonia Patricia Mint. 19 B.C. (3.13g, 18.4mm, 2h). Obv: CAESAR AVGSTVS, bare head right. Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on l. and standard on r. flanking SPQR arranged around shield inscribed CL V. RIC I 86a, BMC 417, RSC 265.

An important historical type commemorating the return of the legionary eagles lost by Crassus to the Parthians in the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. This example has wonderful toning, is perfectly centered, and retains complete legends, even the CL V on the shield is preserved better than the photograph shows.
3 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28821 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas H
Augustus_RIC_220.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 022047 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint 13-14 A.D. (3.57g, 19.5, 0 h). Obv: [CAESAR AVGVSTVS] DVI F PATER PATRRIAE, laureate head r. REV: [PONTIF] MAXIM, Liva as Pax seated r. on low-backed chair, vertical scepter in r., branch in left. RIC I 220 (R2), RSC 223.

Worn and on an irregular flan, I still wanted this example because of the reverse. Minted in his last year as emperor, this was Augustus’ precursor to Tiberius’ “tribute penny.” While this was one of many types during Augustus’ reign, it was one very few types for Tiberius.
1 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_359.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 035960 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
3 commentsLucas H
dom as caesar spes.jpg
02 Domitian as Caesar RIC 788157 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMIT COS III; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVT; Spes, draped, advancing l., holding up flower in r. hand and with l. holding up her skirt.
RIC 788 (C). BMC 156. RSC 375. BNC 135.
Ex Harlan J Berk 155, 31 July 2007, lot 247.

During Vespasian's reign, Domitian was given the honorary title PRINCEPS IVVENTVT or 'Prince of Youth', celebrated here on this denarius from 74 AD. The title is one that was often given to young princes who were marked out as chosen heirs.

Spes, the personification of hope, is seen here on the reverse advacing left, holding a budding flower. The flower is a symbol of future well being.

Domitian's coinage during Vespasian's rule was unique. While Titus followed closely the types of his father, Domitian struck out on his own. One wonders how much of an input the young prince had on his own series.

A very likeable coin with a good portrait and excellent centring.


2 commentsVespasian70
Titus_AE-Dup_T-CAES-VESPAS-dot-IMP-dot-P-dot-TRP-COS-II_S-C_ROMA_RIC-xx_C-xx_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_axes-h_27mm_3,28g-2-s.jpg
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !, 514 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !,
avers:- T CAES VESPAS•IMP•P•TRP COS II, Radiate head right.
revers:- Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium, S-C across the field, ROMA in exergo.
exerg: S/C//ROMA, diameter: 27mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 72 A.D., ref: RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), C-Not in !!!,
Q-001

"Titus' coins with obverse legend T CAES VESPAS IMP P TR P COS II were struck in year 72, first issue.No ROMA reverse is listed in RIC for Titus in this issue, so you may have found a new type! "by FlaviusDomitianus. Thank you FlaviusDomitianus.
""Titus' issue of bronze coins with COS II and the abbreviations CAES VESPAS is altogether rare. RIC 411-417 only lists two sestertius types, R2 and R3; one dupondius type, FELICITAS PVBLICA, R2, unfortunately not illustrated, it would be nice to compare the obverse die with your coin; and four As types, all R2.

The same ROMA reverse die of your coin was apparently also used for dupondii with other obverse legends:

RIC 396, pl. 31, Vespasian COS IIII.

RIC 438, pl. 34, Titus CAES VESPASIAN P TR P COS II; also pl. 34, RIC 436 (rev. only), which should have ROMA around edge and SC in exergue, but in fact has ROMA in exergue and S - C in field, so seems to be another example of RIC 438.

Titus CAES VESPASIAN PON TR POT (instead of P TR P) COS II: my collection ex G. Hirsch 229, 2003, lot 2219; not in RIC."" by Curtis Clay, Thank you Curtis.
5 commentsquadrans
Dioclet_var.jpg
023 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 184 (unlisted var.)30 viewsObv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing facing, head to left, holding club and trophy.
Minted in Rome (XX crescent IA in exe), first officina, 291 AD.

The exergual mark XX crescent IA is not listed in RIC for this type, nor have I found it anywhere else. Possibly unknown var.? If anyone knows an other ex I would be delighted to hear of it.
pierre_p77
Diocletian_ant5.jpg
025 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), pre-reform Antoninianus - RIC 28426 viewsObv. IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding parazonium and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Heraclea (HA in field, [.XXI. in exe]), first officina, 292 AD

The .XXI. in the exe not visible on this coin. I´m not sure if it ever have bin there. The coin illustrating this type in RIC also missing the exergual mark, but is otherwise very similar to this coin.
pierre_p77
augustus_RIC207.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 2 BC-ca. 13 AD85 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE (laureate head right)
rev: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below (Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ["b9"])
ref: RIC I 207, BMC 533, RSC 43
mint: Lugdunum
3.35gms, 18mm

This type was struck to celebrate Gaius and Lucius Caesars, the sons of Marcus Agrippa, as heirs to the imperial throne. Gaius became Princeps Iuventutis in 5 BC and Lucius in 2 BC. They died in 4 AD and 2 AD respectively, thus promoting Tiberius to heir apparent. An obligatory issue for collectors.
berserker
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
03_Tiberius,_RIC_I_30.jpg
03 02 Tiberius RIC 30151 viewsTiberius. 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 3.78 g., 19 mm. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. Feet on footstool. Ornate chair legs. One line below throne. RIC I 30, RSC 16a.

The well known "tribute penny." When brought a coin as requested, Jesus asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
8 commentsLucas H
IMG_2405.JPG
03 Constantius II60 viewsConstantius II

Antioch, AE 2
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. Γ in left field. Mintmark ANZ. RIC VIII Antioch 135 var (bust type).


Antioch
RIC VIII 135, Z var
Randygeki(h2)
IMG_4838.jpg
03 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
Antioch
23mm 4.5g

DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, hair in braids, clutching the horse's neck. ANO in ex

Not in RIC (143 variant? unpublished bust type)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
V920sm.jpg
03 Domitian as Caesar RIC 920102 viewsAR Denarius, 2.96g
Rome mint, 76-77AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Minerva stg. r. on prow, with spear and shield; to r., owl
RIC 920 (R). BMC spec. acquired 1947. RSC 45b. BNC -.
Ex Private Collection.

The first appearance of Minerva on a denarius struck for Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian. His devotion to the goddess came early in life, so it comes as no surprise he wished to honour her on the coins minted in his name. This denarius is a clear indication Domitian had some say in what reverse types were struck for him under Vespasian. The Minerva on prow is an early prototype of one of the four standard Minerva types (M2) Domitian would later extensively strike on his own denarii as Augustus. An extremely rare type for him as Caesar.

A pleasing coin with a Vespasian-like portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
OTA484-6.png
03. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC673 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.64gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.73 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Probus_ant_gr.jpg
031 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 877 (unlisted var.)105 viewsObv. IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped sceptre.
Rev. VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA delta in exe), 4th officina, 4th emission, c 277 AD or 280-81 AD.
22-23 mm in diam, 3,38g
Bust type H.

Not listed with this bust type in RIC.

Ex. Martin Griffiths Probus collection.
5 commentspierre_p77
RI_033d_img.jpg
033 - Titus Denarius - RIC II new 728 viewsObv:– IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P VIIII IMP XIIII - COS VII, Capricorn left on globe
Minted in Rome. After 1 July, 79, Group II
Reference:– RIC II new 7

Notes from an example sold by H. J. Berk: "Rare without P P in reverse legend. Titus must have accepted the title Pater Patriae quite soon after the beginning of his ninth tribunician year on 1 July 79 AD. Cohen 280 cites this coin 'with or without P P' as being in the Paris collection, but in fact Paris lacks the denarius of this type without P P, though it possesses the corresponding aureus (Paris-3). Cohen must have seen the denarius without P P in another collection. We had another specimen in our Catalogue 125, 2002, 374; none in Reka Devnia hoard."
maridvnvm
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-001_axis-h_x,xxmm_x,xxgg-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1137 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-001
quadrans
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-002_7h_26,5-27,5mm_9,30g-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2136 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight: 9,30g, axes: 7h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_158.jpg
034 - Probus (276-282 AD). antoninianus - RIC 15857 viewsObv: PROBVS PF AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right. Bust type F.
Rev: ADVENTVS AVG, emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
Minted in Rome (R thunderbolt Z), emission 6, 281 AD.

1 commentspierre_p77
Probus_ant_878.JPG
035 - Probus (276-282 AD), antoninianus - RIC 87877 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA dot deltha dot in exe), officina 4, 4th emisson 277 AD.
Bust type G.

3 commentspierre_p77
Faustina_sen_Ag-Den_DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA_DEDICATIO-AEDIS_RIC-III-AP-388_RSC-191_Rome_141-AD_Q-001_7h_19-17mm_3,03g-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,88 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
Q-001
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
quadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS_IVVENTAS_RIC-423a-A-Pius_C-_Rome-140-44-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-18mm_3,45ga-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing, 100 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare-headed, draped bust right. (bust type not in RIC !!!).
revers:- IVVEN-TAS, Iuventas standing facing, head left, right hand dropping a grain of incense onto candelabrum-altar, and holding patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 3,45g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-423a, p- Antonius Pius, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
V922aaa.jpg
03b Domitian as Caesar RIC 922101 viewsAR Denarius, 3.31g
Rome mint, 76-77 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Pegasus, standing r.
RIC 922 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Marc Walter, May 2018. Ex Künker eLive Auction 37, 20 October 2015, lot 152.

A rare obverse legend variant of the Pegasus type struck for Domitian Caesar under Vespasian. Here we have 'CAES' instead of the much more common 'CAESAR'. No reverse die links between the two different obverses have been found, perhaps suggesting the 'CAES' issue came slightly later. Out of 240 Domitian Pegasus denarii on acsearch, only 6 have the 'CAES' obverse. The reverse copies a denarius struck for Augustus (RIC 297). Mattingly speculates it refers to Domitian's poetic aspirations.

Curtis Clay's comments concerning this variant - 'I had forgotten about this variety, but find that I had written into my BMC 193: Var. CAES for CAESAR, CNG Website 6247, May 2001 (2.78g). RIC new ed. 922 calls it R2 and cites examples in Glasgow (ill. pl. 10) and Oxford.'

Struck in the very finest of styles.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
V932.jpg
03c Domitian as Caesar RIC 93260 viewsĆ As, 10.65g
Rome mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Spes stg. l., with flower
RIC 932 (C). BMC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Ken Dorney, January 2019.

Spes, the goddess of hope, is seen here as an 'heir apparent' type. She is represented on Roman coins as a young girl, reminiscent of earlier Greek statures depicting Elpis. H. Mattingly in BMCRE II says 'the flower held by Spes is an opening bud, she is raising her skirt in order to hasten forward'. Spes occurs quite commonly throughout the Flavian coinage and is frequently paired up with the young Domitian Caesar, likely expressing a hope or expectation for future dynastic success. It is very Ironic that Spes is often associated with Domitian Caesar on the coinage, considering he would later be the family member most responsible for the dynasty's downfall in 96. Surprisingly, this common Spes type is not in the BM.

The obverse features a quintessential Flavian portrait - unflattering hook nose with full and heavy facial features. Pleasant dark green patina.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
antioch_philip-II_tets_hendin_left-bust-cuirassed-frontal_right-bust-seen-from-behind_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachmai - Two Bust types.25 viewsAntioch, Syria. Philip II Tetradrachmai.

left: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seem from the front. 25.7 mm. Regnal Year: 3.

right: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind. Regnal Year: 4

Both ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
IMG_3760.jpg
04 Constantius II55 views23 mm , 5,17g.
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, A behind.

FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, Phrygian helmet, sitting on ground, arm(s) up, Star in left field

AQS Dot in ex.

RIC Aquileia 153
(horseman type corrected, acc. to RIC VIII p. 548, "Addenda and Corrigenda")
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
domitian as caesar rider on horse.jpg
04 Domitian as Caesar RIC 957159 viewsAR Denarius, 3.44g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
RIC 957 (C2). BMC 234. RSC 49. BNC 207.
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, September 2007.

Issued at a time when Domitian was aspiring to an Eastern command against the Alani, Mattingly attributes this type to that cause: The rider is Mars calling Rome to the field of battle.

Other theories suggest the rider is either Domitian or a soldier. Curtis Clay has also proposed the idea that this type may well be of a commemorative nature, since much of Vespasian's coinage are copies of past popular types.

A lovely coin in hand, the portrait was the reason this one found a home in my collection.
1 commentsVespasian70
foto6.jpg
04-09 - Aretas IV (9 A.C. - 40 D.C.)26 viewsAE 12 x 13 mm 1.2 gr.

Anv: Cabeza laureada de Aretas con pelo largo viendo a derecha. Sin Monograma al frente derecha.
Rev: Dos cornucopias cruzadas. Entre ellos monograma en arameo "H" (Het).

Meshore indicates het right on the obverse. Schmitt-Korte, NC 1990, indicates the het right is not present and also identifies a new varitey (Schmitt-Korte 43) with het left on the obverse. We have had all three types - het left, het right and none at all. The het right on the obverse is not present on this specimen. (Forum catalog)

Ceca: Petra

Referencias: Sear GICTV #5701 Pag.560 - B.M.C. Vol.28 #30 Pag 9 - Meshorer #70 var.
mdelvalle
Andras-I_(1047-1060)_U-004_C1-011_H-008_Q-001_2h_17,3mm_0,61g-s.jpg
04.1.?. András I., (Andreas I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 04.1.?., H-008, U-004, CNH I.-011,226 views04.1.?. András I., (Andreas I.), King of Hungary, (1047-1060 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 04.1.?., H-008, U-004, CNH I.-011,
avers: + REX•ANDREAS, Cross within a dotted circle, wedges between the arms of the cross.
reverse: + REGIA-CIVITAS, Cross within a circle, wedges between the arms of the cross.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,3mm, weight: 0,61 g, axis: 2h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-008, Unger-004, CNH I.-011,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 04.1.?., New subtype/sigla variation!,
Q-001
quadrans
DSC_2406.JPG
040 - Probus (276-282 AD), antoninianus - RIC 87823 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor galloping right, spearing enemy whose shield lies beneath horse.
Minted in Serdica (KA dot deltha dot in exe), officina 4, 4th emisson 277 AD.
Bust type G.

Ca. 23 mm in diam, 2,9 g.
pierre_p77
DSC_2408.JPG
041 - Probus (276-282 AD), antoninianus - RIC 90432 viewsObv: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
Shield decorated with a rider right.
Rev: ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; captive at foot.
Minted in Cyzicus, second officinae (B in exe), second emission 276-277 AD
Bust type G

Ca 22 mm in diam. 3,8 g.
1 commentspierre_p77
RI_044e_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC -37 viewsObv:- IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate, heroically nude bust right, drapery on left shoulder, baldric strap around back of neck and across chest
Rev:-P M TR P COS II, FORT RED in exergue, Fortuna Redux, veiled, seated left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 118
Reference:– RIC - (cf. RIC 41, but unlisted with this bust type)

Ex Harlan Berk. Ex- BeastCoins Hadrian collection.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_044x_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right with slight drapery on far shoulder (Legend reversed as AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS)
Rev:- COS III, Victory standing right holding wreath and palm (Legend reversed as III COS)
Minted in Eastern Mint. A.D. 129-131
Reference:– BMCRE -. Strack -. RIC -. RSC -. Apparently unpublished.

Strack knew just three Eastern denarii with this transposed obv. legend, including one with a Minerva standing rev. type in the Trau coll., Strack's pl. XVIII, *18. Curtis Clay has another example with this obverse with the Minerva type. This would appear to be a fifth specimen from this obverse die but with a new reverse type.

Additional information on this coin from Curtis Clay:-
"Interesting. Apparently a new rev. type on the Eastern denarii, of uncertain origin.

That's admittedly a fairly standard Victory advancing right rev. type, but I find no such type on any denarius of Hadrian from the mint of Rome, nor on his Asian cistophori.

A similar type does occur on Hadrian's silver quinarii, and on a rather scarce denarius of Trajan struck in 112 but these seem unlikely sources for a type on Hadrian's Eastern denarii.

Moreover on the Roman coins Victory grasps the stem of the palm over her shoulder in her left fist, thumb upwards, whereas on the Eastern denarius she palms the stem, holding it with her downwards pointing thumb while apparently keeping her fingers extended. I imagine that this detail may go back to the source copied, since it seems unlikely that the engraver changed it on his own whim."
maridvnvm
RI_044ae_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -79 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate bust right
Rev:- COS III, Genius, draped at waist, standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, no altar
Minted in eastern mint.

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-

"I don't doubt the Genius coin is Eastern, though I don't find that obv. die among the many illustrated by Strack.

The letter forms are typical, for example P P at end of obv. legend tending to look like I I, and the slanting S of COS on the reverse. The slightly clumsy style of the types is also typical.

As you say,the Roman model showed an altar before the Genius. Eastern specimens are known accurately copying that type, with altar, Strack *31. ....... Yours is a new variant, with altar omitted. "
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_044al_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC II 268 var (bust type)28 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head left
Rev:- SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, patera in right, scepter in left, altar at feet
Minted in Rome.
Reference:- RIC II 268 var (bust type). BMC 726 note. RIC 268 var. (laureate r.). Strack 266 (citing 3 examples - Sofia, Berlin, and St. Petersburg).

A rare variety.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI 048a img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius AE18 - Ares - Philippopolis50 viewsObv:– AVT AI AΔPIA ANTΩNEIN, bare head right
Rev:– ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, Ares / Mars standing left, holding spear in left hand; shield leaning against him
Minted in Philippopolis
Obv. legend and bust type variant of Varbanov 786 (Bulgarian ed.) (which is AVT AI ADPI ANTWNEINOC, Head laureate r.)
maridvnvm
RI_048o_img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius, Ae AS - RIC 910 var 20 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev: ANNONA AVG COS IIII, Annona standing left, holding modius on low base and vine branch (?); to left basket of fruit
Minted in Rome. A.D. 153
Reference:– BMC P. 322 * var. (Bust type). Cohen 44 var (same). RIC III 910 var (bust type)
maridvnvm
049_BC-_Q__SICINIVS_III__VIR__C__COPONIVS__PR__S__C__Crawford_444-1a__Sydenham_939__RSC_Sicinia_1_Q-001_5h_16,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,131 views049 B.C., Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius., Denarius, Crawford 444/1a, C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Club of Hercules, arrow and bow,
avers: Q•SICINIVS III•VIR, diademed head of Apollo right, star below.
revers: C•COPONIVS• PR•S•C•, Hercules' club surmounted by lion skin, scalp right, bow on right, arrow on left.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 444/1a, Sydenham 939, Sicinia 1,
Q-001
"An important type, one of the first of the "Imperatorial" series. Struck at a military mint in the East, 49 B.C., after the moneyer, owing his appointment to Pompey the Great, fled Caesar's advance upon Rome with the Praetor Coponius (commander of the fleet), and part of the Senate (thus the S C on the reverse, to lend legitimacy to the coinage). Coponius is likely the father or grandfather of the man by the same name who served as procurator in Judaea under Augustus, from A.D. 6 to A.D. 9."
quadrans
x049_063a-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩΝ, Snake climbing up,66 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLIΤΩΝ, Snake climbing up,
avers:- AYΛ-CEΠ-CEVHPO(C), Laureate, bust right.
revers:- MAPKIANO-ΠOLIΤΩ, Snake climbing up a tripod altar.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. ,
Q-001
"Not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer 2013. Seems to be a completely new type!" by Jochen Thank you Jochen.
quadrans
V958.jpg
04a Domitian as Caesar RIC 958143 viewsAR Denarius, 3.12g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: COS V; Horseman, helmeted, in military dress, cloak floating behind him, on horse prancing r., with r. hand thrown upwards and back
RIC 958 (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, September 2015.

Second known specimen of this type with left facing portrait. A die match with the unique RIC plate coin. Left facing portraits of Domitian are quite rare and highly prized by collectors.

In fine style with honest wear. The portrait is outstanding!
8 commentsDavid Atherton
domitian as caesar wolf and twins.JPG
05 Domitian as Caesar RIC 961149 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; She-wolf and twins l. : in ex., boat
RIC 961 (C2). BMC 240. RSC 51. BNC 208.
Ex eBay, February 2007.

The first instance of the she-wolf and twins reverse as a type on Roman Imperial coins. Domitian Caesar, unlike Titus Caesar, used different reverse types than his father Vespasian. The she-wolf and twins is unique to Domitan's coinage. One wonders how much leverage Domitian had for choosing his own reverse designs.

A wonderful coin with good metal and a pleasing portrait. The picture does not reflect this very well however.

2 commentsVespasian70
OTA484-3.png
05. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC475 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.12gms, 22mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
83~2~0.jpg
050 VABALATHUS30 views OBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//A
MINT: ANTIOCHIA
EMMISSION: 2
RIC TEMP: 3102 (32 EX.)
NOTE: VERY RARE IN SUCH AN EXCELLENT CONDITION AND WITH FULL SILVERING !!!
Barnaba6
051_Caracalla_AE-27_AYK-_-__-___W_____VII-AVR-GALLOV-NIKOPOLITON-PROSISTR____OPOLIS_Q-001_axis-7h_27mm_10,48ga-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 8.18.01.01-7variation, AE-27, VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-ΠPOCICT, Zeus, in himation, seated left,65 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), AE-27, Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 8.18.01.01-7variation, AE-27, VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-ΠPOCICT, Zeus, in himation, seated left,
avers:- AY.K.M.AY-ANTΩNINO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.(avers type HHJ 8.18.10.5)
revers:- VΠ-AVP-ΓAΛΛOV-NIKOΠOLITΩN-(ΠPOCICTP in ex.), Zeus, in himation, seated left, holding patera in right hand and resting with left hand on sceptre.
exe: -/-//ΠPOCICTP, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,48g, axis: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Aurelius Gallus (201-203 A.D.), date: 201-203 A.D., Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 8.18.01.01,
Q-001
ps: " a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2012):
rev. No. 8.18.1.1 var.
obv. e.g. No. 8.18.10.5 corr. (Hermes, writes ANTWNEINo)
unpublished?" by Jochen thank you Jochen.
Nikopolis Addenda II, # 117,
quadrans
RI 053a img.jpg
053 - Lucius Verus Denarius - Unlisted with this bust type62 viewsObv:– IMP L AVREL VERVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– CONCORD AVG TR P / COS II, Concordia seated left holding patera
Unlisted.
Notes - with many thanks to Curtis Clay for his help with the following information on this coin.
This is a somewhat scarce type for Verus on denarii. The RD hoard lists 9 specimens without TR P in the reverse legend and 6 specimens like this with TR P. Of the 6 RD coins with TR P, 4 showed head bare, 1 head bare with fold of cloak on shoulders, 1 bust draped with head bare. The last two were new variants, the first had been reported in Rivista ital. di num. 1907. New specimens of this coin can easily show new bust variants and this is one of them.
BMC lists ten different right-facing portrait types for Verus on aurei and denarii of 161, plus three left-facing types!
maridvnvm
Bar-Kochba-Hendin-734.jpg
053. 2'nd Jewish (bar Kokhba) Revolt.16 viewsZuz (denarius), attributed to Year 3 (134-35 AD).
Obverse: (Shim'on) / Bunch of Grapes.
Reverse: (For the Freedom of Jerusalem) / Lyre with three strings.
3.19 gm., 18.5 mm.
Mildenberg #205.19 (this coin); Hendin #734.

This coin likely started out as a denarius of one of the Roman emperors between Vespasian and Hadrian. Many coins of the Second Jewish Revolt show traces of the earlier Roman coin. This coin is no exception, and traces of the previous coin can be seen on the obverse in and around the bunch of grapes.

The bunch of grapes on the obverse is an ancient symbol of blessing and fertility. As such it occasionally appears on ancient coins of other areas besides this series. Given the messianic nature of the Bar Kokhba revolt, the bunch of grapes takes on added significance because in Jewish prophetic literature, grapes (and the vine or vineyard) are often symbolic of the restoration of Israel, or even symbolic of Israel itself.

The lyre on the reverse is associated with temple worship, as are trumpets, which are also found on coins of the Bar Kokhba Revolt. King David is mentioned as playing a lyre, and there are numerous Biblical references to praising the Lord with the lyre and trumpets. (The word "kinnor," sometimes translated as "harp," is really a type of lyre.) Even today the lyre is an important Jewish symbol and the state of Israel has chosen to portray it on the half New Israeli Sheqel coin.
Callimachus
054-Macrinus_AR-Denar_IMP-C-M-OPEL-SEV-MACRINVS-AVG_SALVS-PVBLICA_RIC_89var_,_RSC_116a,_Rome_AD-217-8_Q-001_6h_18,0-20,0mm_1,85g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 089var., Rome, AR-Denarius, SALVS PVBLICA, Salus seated left, #1145 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 089var., Rome, AR-Denarius, SALVS PVBLICA, Salus seated left, #1
avers:- IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right with short, trimmed beard.
revers:- SALVS PVBLICA, Salus seated left on chair with no back, feeding serpent arising from altar, from patera and holding sceptre. (backless chair type is listed for young bust only).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-20,0mm, weight:1,85 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 217-18 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-89var., RSC 116,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
059.jpg
055 NUMERIAN F9 BUST RRR14 viewsEMPEROR: Numerian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C NUMERIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, holding spear
REVERSE: MARS VICTOR, C in right field
DATE: early 284 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.59 g
RIC: V-2,388
BASTIEN: 561 (6 ex.)
NOTE: very rare and sough-after bust type
Barnaba6
56_4_PanoramaBlack1.jpg
056/4 Subgroup 85 & 86A AE Triens60 viewsAnonymous. Ae Triens. Apulia. 212-208 BC. (9.08 g, 23.72 g) Obv: Helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above. Rev: ROMA, prow right, four pellets below.

Originally defined as Crawford 56/4, this type of Triens have been assigned to subgroup 85 & 86A. This is a Q or H triens, that is missing the Q or H. Andrew McCabe gives the subgroup the number F1 which has the following characteristics:

"Mint: Apulia. Second Punic war. Related to RRC 85 H, and RRC 86 anchor and Q. Obverses are in high relief. The general style, for examples Janus, or Hercules’ truncation, or the regular reverse prow, is like RRC 86 anchor and Q. Reverses of Sextans and Quadrans have either regular, or Luceria style, prows with a club in an elevated fighting platform. On regular reverses, the top and central keel lines join half way across prow. Flans are thin and broad akin to late issues of Luceria. All denominations As through Sextans are known."

"The regular reverse prow is tall (height/width) with a fighting platform and deck structure elevated more than usual, and there is always a line extending either side of the deck structure. The keel-lines are also distinctive, with the middle of the three lines always converging with the top line half way across the prow... These specific design features – especially the middle keel line converging with the upper line half way across the prow – are identical with and typical of the RRC 86A Q series from Apulia58... The obverses of all denominations are in high relief, and show high quality engraving."

"So a close geographic and timing link between the Anchor Q, H, L, L-T, CA and P coins can be posited. These coins are certainly a second Punic war issue from Apulia. It remains open for discussion which city minted these group F1 coins, presumably alongside the RRC 85 and RRC 86 issues."

This is one out of six specimens: "F1 Triens: 6 coins, mean 9.4 grams, heaviest 10.5 grams".

All quotes are from the work of Andrew McCabe.

Link to thread at Forvm Ancient Coins: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=90604.0

On this topic at Andrew McCabe's homepage: http://andrewmccabe.ancients.info/RRC056.html

I would strongly recommend anyone who wants to learn more about Roman Republican coins to give Andrew McCabe's homepage a visit.


1 commentsPaddy
V976.jpg
05a Domitian as Caesar RIC 97684 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Rome mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and sceptre
RIC 976 (C). BMC 323. RSC 30. BNC 285.
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, December 2014.

Vespasian and Titus normally shared reverse types, but rarely with Domitian. Unusually this Ceres type was struck for all three. It possibly was part of an agrarian themed series Vespasian issued towards the end of his reign. These later issues of Vespasian have neat small portrait heads.

The coin features a pleasant looking Domitian with his trademark protruding upper lip, struck on a large flan.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012a.JPG
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

*Note how the two head feathers on the top of the Peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in " CONSECR ATIO ' on the reverse.
***Less common type with Veiled bust obverse rather than her usual bust with hair wrapped on the top of her head, like on my other example of this type with the same reverse design and titles, and the same obverse titles.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>^..^< CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE IMAGE >^..^
5 commentsrexesq
Nero_RIC_I_55.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 5528 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. Rome Mint. 65-66 A.D. (3.30g, 18.7m, 5h). Obv: [N]ERO CAESAR AVGVS[TVS], laureate head right. Rev: ROMA in ex., Roma, helmeted and dr., seated l. on cuirass, r. holding Victory, l. parazonium by side, r. foot resting on helmet; shields, with greaves behind. RIC I 55 (R).

A worn denarius of Nero, but with an interesting reverse. Roma, deprecated frequently on denarii during the Republic, was as not frequently used during the empire. While not necessarily a scarce type, it seems less ubiquitous than Salas and Jupiter for Nero.
1 commentsLucas H
OTA484-5.png
06. Celtic AE tetradrachm - KAPOSTALER type - c.100-75/50 BC446 viewsobv: Degraded head of Zeus right
rev: Horseman left, with large crest above head; crescent to left
ref: Pink 484-495; Göbl OTA 484-495; LaTour 9807; Kostial 766-797; Dembski 1413-1427;
mint: Szalacska oppidum
8.35gms, 21mm

Description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
berserker
RI 063f img.jpg
063 - Clodius Albinus As - RIC 59 96 viewsAE As
Obv:– D CL SEPT ALB CAES, Bare headed head right
Rev:– FORT REDVCI COS II, Fortuna, seated left holding rudder and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194 - A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE 547 note. RIC 59 (Rare)

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-

"Same dies as J. Hirsch 24, 1909, Weber 1793, Cat. 327 in my Oxford thesis.
The Fortuna Redux type is common on Albinus' sestertii, but rare on his denarii (4 spec. in Reka Devnia hoard) and on his asses. In my thesis I catalogued just eight specimens of the As, from two rev. dies. One of the rev. dies has wheel under seat, the other, from which your coin was struck, omits the wheel. Further specimens have turned up since 1972, but no new rev. dies.
Ragged flan as often and some pitting, but really quite a presentable specimen, in my opinion! "
maridvnvm
RI_064mg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Ae As - RIC 764A43 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG P M TR P XII, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- To left, Bacchus standing right, holding cup and thyrsos, a panther at his feet; to right, Hercules standing left, holding club and lion's skin; on cippus between them, COS / III / LVD / SAEC / FEC , in exergue, S C.
Minted in Rome in A.D. 204 to celebrate the Seacular games with Septimus' hometown gods Liber and Hercules as patrons of his games.
Reference:- RIC IV, Part 1, No. 764A (Rated R2)

A rough example but a rare type.

Curtis Clay's die catalogue includes ten specimens of this coin, all from the same obverse die, nine of them from the same reverse die of this coin, one from a second reverse die.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_064m_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Ar Drachm - Syd. -61 viewsObv:– AY KAI L CEPT CEOVHPOC, Laureate head right
Rev:– MHTPO KAICAPIACW, Male figure (Argaios(?)), laureate, draped seated left on Mount Argaeus, holding branch
Minted in Caesarea, Cappadocia. Year 17, ETIZ in exe. A.D. 209

Apparently unlisted in Sydenham, cf. Syd. #403, which is a matching didrachm of this type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064cz img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AS - RIC unlisted39 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAL AV[G TR P II] COS II S--C, Salus sanding left, holding sceptre and patera over alter
Minted in Rome. Early A.D. 194
Reference(s) – Cohen -. RIC - (see below)

The following information provided courtesy of Mr. Curtis Clay.
A specimen of this coin is apparently misreported in RIC, p. 182, note *. It's a rare coin, only two such included in Curtis' unpublished 1972 die study of early Severan bronze coins.
Curtis knows the same rev. type muled with both dupondius and As obv. dies of 193 (IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG). It's not impossible that a sestertius with the same type might turn up someday!
Cohen 640 exactly describes this type, though omitting the IMP II in obverse legend, and calling the coin a sestertius.
maridvnvm
RI_064fh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Barbarous Fouree denarius25 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- MINERV SANCT, Minerva standing left holding shield and inverted spear
Fouree with barbarous style using a reverse type not used in Rome for this emperor
maridvnvm
RI_064hr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O4 - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AV COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -

3.05g, 17.93mm, 0o

Unusual obverse legend variety with shortened forms from the normal legend. Scarce reverse type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064an_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O9 - RIC -40 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left, holding long scepter & cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -. BMCRE -. RSC -.

3.17g, 18.54mm, 0o

This is an unusual legend with several spelling errors. It is an obverse die match to a coin in the Doug Smith collection (different reverse type). A reverse die match exists in the British Museum (different obverse die).
maridvnvm
RI_064ls_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O9 - RIC -85 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev– LIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC - RSC -.

Another reverse type for this unusual obverse die bringing my total to three different reverses.
maridvnvm
RI_064cn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -58 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -

2.70g, 17.92mm, 0o 

The following comes from Curtis Clay “That die is under COS I in my cast collection.  I read the wedge on bust as a I, but no second stroke under the bust.
There are some early COS I coins were the reading may be intentional, but yours is one of a smaller later group where COS I is apparently just an error, because by that time COS II was the standard and only correct title.
I have casts of two other coins from the same dies as yours, Oxford and Bickford-Smith coll., and two from the same obv. die with crossed cornucopias rev. type.”
maridvnvm
RI_064ds_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) seated left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC - would be in the region of RIC 383 but this reverse type with Hilaritas seated not known
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.18g.
maridvnvm
RI 064fi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -82 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
maridvnvm
RI_064fl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -50 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.72g. 17.78mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"Die match to example in British Museum, found at the site of a Roman villa in Kent, GB, in 1952. The same obv. die also occurs with the types MONETA AVG and LEG III IT AVG TR P COS.
Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI 064ec img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -42 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -

This is the first occurrence of the Fortuna (Pax) type that I have seen for Laodicea.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064gu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– COS II, Thunderbolt on altar
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. (Unlisted reverse type)

2.42g. 17.77mm. 0o.
maridvnvm
RI_064ev_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -26 views064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 386 var
Obv:–IMP CAE L SEP SE . V PERT AVG COS I-I, Laureate head right (Longhead portrait)
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVCI, Fortuna (pax?), with modius on head, seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 195
Reference:- RIC - (cf. RIC 386 which has a different reverse legend for this type FORTVN REDVC)
maridvnvm
RI_064il_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CE L SEP SEV PEPT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG II COS, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

3.18g, 18.87mm, 0o

Rare shortened, errored obverse legend combined with a rare reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064od_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -34 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RE AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:- SAECVL FELIC, Crescent and seven stars..
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:- BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

The PERE is the first time that I have seen this variety of the obverse legend, which is normally seen as PERT, PERTE or PERET.
This reverse type not previously noted from this mint in any of the published references.
maridvnvm
RI_064jh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVAE(sic) REDVCI, Moneta/Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

2.99g, 17.53mm, 180o

Additional comments from Curtis Clay - "This combination of the FORTVNAE REDVCI legend with a type of Aequitas is reported on a denarius of Pescennius Niger by Cohen 25 (in a private collection), but does not seem to have been attested before for either Septimius Severus or Julia Domna, at least I can't find any such coin in BMC or RSC."
maridvnvm
RI_064jo_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Spes standing holding flower and lifting skirt
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.58g

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type. The reverse legend should match with the Fides type instead of Spes. Bartosz Awianowicz has the opposite error with a BONA SPES reverse legend and a Fides reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064kq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:- MART VICTOR, Mars, in military attire, standing left, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195.
References :- BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse type not listed for Septimius Severus.
maridvnvm
RI_064kp_img.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:– L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG P M IMP XI, laureate head right
Rev:– PAR AR AD TR P VI COS II P P, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare, A.D. 198
References:– BMCRE -. RIC -, RSC -

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"The Mars type: R. Mowat, Revue Num. 1901, p. 469, no. 1, in his coll., with engraving. Apparently overlooked by Mattingly in RIC and BMC.

Looks like yours might be from the same rev. die as his, but a different obv. die."
maridvnvm
RI_064is_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -39 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.59g. 18.71mm. 0o

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064mr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNE (sic) RDVCI (sic), Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse type not listed in any major references for this issue.
maridvnvm
RI_064nm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. cf. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-

"Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI_064kg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -14 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONA .. SPEI, Fides (Bonus Eventus in RIC) standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064nu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRTVT-I AVG, Mars walking right holding spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC IV - (cf. RIC 847, an Aureus of the type). RSC -.

A very unusual obverse legend with SEVER.
maridvnvm
RI_064og_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:- L - SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:- MARTI VICT, Mars advancing right carrying spear and trophy.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195 - 196
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

This type with this reverse legend not listed in any of the major references for this issue.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:- VENER AVG, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Eastern COS II mint (RIC - Emesa). A.D. 193 - 195
References:- BMCRE -. RSC - RIC -.

This reverse type should come with VICTOR AVG or VICT AVG. VENER VICT and variations (VICTR, VICTOR etc.) turn up on Venus types of Domna, which we so rarely seen muled with obverses of Septimius Severus but I have never seen this odd mixing.
maridvnvm
RI_064kg_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONA SPES, Fides standing right holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type. The reverse legend should match with the Spes type instead of Fides.
maridvnvm
RI_064qd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AV-G T-R P COS, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. One example known to Bickford-Smith citing Tbilisi A 780, cn the rev. only […]G TR P COS surviving

A rare type copying the issue of Rome.
maridvnvm
RI_064se_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -14 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II CO, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (pax?), with modius on head, seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
References:- RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

The first example of this reverse type to turn up with this obverse variety.
maridvnvm
RI_064qg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - 20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONA SPES, Fides standing right holding basket of fruit and corn ears
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type. The reverse legend should match with the Spes type instead of Fides.
maridvnvm
RI_064tl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -22 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Spes standing holding flower and lifting skirt
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.58g

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type. The reverse legend should match with the Fides type instead of Spes. Bartosz Awianowicz has the opposite error with a BONA SPES reverse legend and a Fides reverse type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064jz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -9 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRTVT-I AVG, Mars walking right holding spear and trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC IV - (cf. RIC 847, an Aureus of the type). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064fi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -16 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm (R of ARAB corrected over B)
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064kn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -4 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTV [RE]DVC, Fortuna seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – BMCRE - (This reverse type not listed for Laodicea, I also have an IMP II example). RIC -. RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064ec_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -6 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -

This is the first occurrence of the Fortuna (Pax) type that I have seen for Laodicea
maridvnvm
RI_064ju_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICTO-R AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in both hands
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC - (reverse type not listed for Laodicea). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064fj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -9 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PEPT(sic) AVG COS - (!!), Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.00g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but other examples of this die show two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI_064tz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -6 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PEPT(sic) AVG COS - !!, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.60g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but this example showw two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI 064ft img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (466 corr?)48 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
maridvnvm
RI_132ft_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (466 corr?)9 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Ref:– Cohen -, BMCRE -, RIC -.

The reverse refers to victory over Niger. To hide the fact that this was a civil war, it is phrased as victory over Arabs and Adiabenians, who aided Niger's cause.

RIC IV 466 has the same reverse legend, listed as IMP VII but as Curtis points out this legend is probably a mis-reading of IMP VIII probably cause by the last I being after the bust as on this example. RIC 466 however is Victory with wreath and trophy whereas this type is Victory with wreath and palm. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 52 (5 Francs) for this coin.
maridvnvm
RI_064ou_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (466 corr?)6 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIABENIC, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference(s) – C 52 var. BMCRE p 110 var. RIC 466 corr.(RIC 466 (R) is IMP VII but should really be IMP VIII but the reverse type for 466 is incorrectly described as wreath and trophy whereas this type is wreath and palm)
maridvnvm
RI 132dh img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01478 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG X-IIII GE-M M V / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns shown on standard.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 272. BMCRE 19, RIC 14 (Scarce)

Early example of the bust type with straight hair rather than curly.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064hi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 02244 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P COS, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMCRE 30, RIC IV 22, RSC 682

Early example of the bust type with straight hair rather than curly.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064do img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 086 var.23 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference(s) – BMCRE 146 var., RIC IV 86 var. RSC 419 var. (unpublished variety in any of these references with this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI 064hf img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 086 var. 35 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference(s) – BMCRE 146 var., RIC IV 86 var. RSC 419 var. (unpublished variety in any of these references with this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI_064he_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34817 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– E-T I-A II, Pietas seated left holding palladium and sceptre
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 348 (R3). BMCRE pg. 83

2.67g. 16.97mm. 0o

A poor example but a very rare type.
maridvnvm
RI_064ni_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350D52 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP - SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P III COS II, Mars advancing right, holding spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE 328 (Same rev die?). RIC 350D (R – B M). RSC 397a.
ex - Barry Murphy collection (sold in 2003).

A rare dated type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064my_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37212 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPO, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in eastern COS II mint (Emesa ?). A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen 142. BMCRE 347 note. RIC IV 372 (Rated S). RSC 142.

On the face of it this coin is simply RIC IV 372 though RIC notes that Cohen likely has SEPT in error. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 142 for this variant (TEMPO instead of the usual TEMPOR). Cohen 142 reads FELICIT TEMPOR or TEMPO. It would appear that RIC and BMCRE could not find other examples of the TEMPO type other than Cohen when mentioning this variation.
maridvnvm
RI_064lz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 430 corr.23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTORIA, Victory standing left engraving AV/G on shield to left with right hand, which is resting on a column, holding palm in left hand. Centre dot.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 402, thought to be SE V, CO and AV/VG but from same die pair as this coin. RIC 430 (Rated R citing BM). RSC 703a.

All the coins cite the BM example which is unclear. This example, whilst suffering from the harsh cleaning method (zapped?) is sufficiently clear to make out the correct COS II obverse legend and the AV/G on the shield.

A rare reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064by_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 480a corr.46 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI IN-VICT, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Cohen 239. RIC 480a corr. (Rare) RIC is likely in error in recording INVICTO in the Vienna collection.

A rare issue and one of its rarer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064by_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 480a corr.8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI IN-VICT, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Cohen 239. RIC 480a corr. (Rare) RIC is likely in error in recording INVICTO in the Vienna collection.

A rare issue and one of its rarer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064ex_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)

2.88g, 19.17mm, 0o

Ex. J. Malter collection
maridvnvm
RI_064eb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)21 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERT AVG, Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)

2.83g, 19.51mm, 0o

Whilst the legend reads COS I the bust style is not that commonly seen with the COS I types. This is possibly a later COS II where the second I was missed.
maridvnvm
RI_064ea_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)36 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MINER VICT, Minerva standing left, holding spear in right hand, left hand on hip
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse depiction of Minerva is not listed for Emesa)

1.96g, 18.91mm, 180o

The reverse type also seen in CNG 61 Lot 1915 but with COS II.
maridvnvm
RI 064fj img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-) 35 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.00g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but other examples of this die show two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI_064jk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITA, Crescent and seven stars
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

2.72g, 17.96mm, 0o

Classic COS I style and an interesting longer reverse legend than seen on later Crescent and stars types
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064mi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)66 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)
maridvnvm
RI_064cv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (6)27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– IOVI PRAE ORBIS, Jupiter, seated left, holding Victory and sceptre, at feet eagle
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (6) (Rare), Cohen 240 (6 Francs)

2.87g, 17.33mm, 0o

Shares the same reverse die as a coin in the Doug Smith Collection but his example has the more common COS II obverse die. One of the scarcer reverse types.
maridvnvm
RI_064ho_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation?18 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_064ho_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus, denarius, Ancient imitation? 8 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

I will freely admit that I bought this coin hoping that it would be a scarce Laodicea type combined with a hybrid reverse of Pertinax. Having discussed the coin with Curtis Clay he is of the opinion that :-
"I think I would consider the coin to be an ancient imitation.
The style is not right for the IMP II series.
That exact rev. type of Pertinax is known on authentic Alexandrian denarii of SS, but there with the obv. legend is that of 193 (probably the coin BMC and RIC refer to as hybrid), and again the coin is in different style."

I am still happy with my purchase and it is still an interesting coin. Perhaps one day I will be able to find out some more about it.
maridvnvm
RI_065an_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - 607a23 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. RIC IV 607a. RSC 3a.

BMCRE, RIC and RSC all refer to the same coin in Vienna which is queried as being plated.

Curtis provided this additional information however:-
"Bickford-Smith, Mint of Alexandria, unpublished typescript (1993), p. 91: four specimens known to him, in Vienna, Berlin, Basel, and Tbilisi.

BMC and RIC refer to the Vienna specimen, which they are wrong to classify as a plated hybrid: it is a regular, solid-silver coin."
maridvnvm
RI_065ao_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -25 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust facing right
Rev:– VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left, holding helmet and palm, resting elbow on column with cuirass right, Cupid holding shield at feet
Minted in Rome
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

This reverse type not mentioned in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI_065bd_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -26 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria A.D. 197
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).

The most common Alexandrian type from this issue for Domna.
maridvnvm
RI_065bn_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS FELIX, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand, raising robe with left hand
Minted in Alexandria A.D. 197
Reference:– BMCRE -. Bickford-Smith pl. 1, 10. RIC IV -. cf RIC 580 (Rome).

The most common Alexandrian type from this issue for Domna.
maridvnvm
RI 065j img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 57162 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, Bust of Geta right.
References:– RIC 571

A poor example but a rare type.
maridvnvm
RI_065bg_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted mule52 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG COS II, Roma, seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC - (Unlisted Hybrid with reverse from Sept. Sev. 350I (which is R2))

A rare coin type.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066bu_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Ae As - RIC 532b24 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P - S C, Mars, helmeted in military dress, cloak over left arm, standing front, head left, right knee slightly bent, holding branch raised in right hand and vertical spear in left hand. Items on ground. I cannot really make them out but at magnification they look like helmet on left, cuirass between legs and spear resting on shield.

This seems to generally match RIC 532b, which cites Cohen 260. RIC 532a is the same reverse type with a Laureate head right. BMCRE does not include this type with this bust but does include the type in the notes to BMCRE 268. BMCRE 268, which is the Laureate head type is described as right foot on helmet with cuirass? to right.
maridvnvm
RI_066bq_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC 00424 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066br_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC 34220 viewsObv:–ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– P MAX TR P III, Roma saeted left on shield, holding Victoriola in right hand and scepter in left hand
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 200
Reference– BMCRE p. 295, 716. RIC p. 266, 342 (Rated Scarce). RSC 181. 5 examples in RD.

This would appear to be a relatively scarce type.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066bt_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC 34616 viewsObv:–ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– PART MAX PONT TR P IIII / COS, Trophy of arms with captives either side
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 201.
Reference– BMCRE 730. RIC 346 (Rated Scarce citing Cohen 177). RSC 177. RD (2 examples)

The fact that there were only 2 examples in the RD hoard would seem to confirm the scarcity of this type.
maridvnvm
RI_066bl_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC IV -30 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– SEVERI [PII] AVG FIL, Caracalla standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, reversed spear in left; captive seated left on ground before
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 201.
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -. This reverse type not recorded for the mint of Laodicea. See RIC 45 and BMCRE 172 for the same type from Rome.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_066bo_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC IV 00413 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
maridvnvm
LarryW1905.jpg
0666 Focas 602-61047 viewsBronze three-quarter follis (30 nummi), 26.3mm, 10.1g, EF
Struck at Cyzikus, 609-610
[d N FOCAS] PERP AVG, bust facing wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet / large XXX, cross above, stigma II (year 8) right, KYZ A in exg. Very rare type, some flatness in the striking.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Harlan Berk
Sear 666v; DO 77, note (Longuet collection); MIB 77 (citing two specimens -- Birmingham and Longuet collection)
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_068an_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC - (RIC 103 var)18 viewsObv:– P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Draped and cuirassed, bare headed bust right
Rev:– MARTI VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear & trophy
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 203
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. BMCRE 742 and RIC 103 are MARTI VICTORI and the bust type is draped only.
maridvnvm
Galba,_RIC_204.jpg
07 01 Galba RIC 20449 viewsGalba. 8 June 68-15 Jan. 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. (3.22g, 19.3mm, 6 h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, bust, laureate draped right. Rev: ROMA RENASCES, Roma standing left, holding Victory on globe and transverse eagle tipped scepter. RIC 204. Ex HBJ.

Galba’s reign marked the end of the Julio-Claudian’s rule of Rome. Rated R3 in the RIC, this type appears fairly scarce with 2 examples in the Reka Devnia hoard, and only 2 in Berk’s photofile. Galba, the first of the 4 emperors of 69 A.D, was governor of Hispania Tarraconensis during Nero’s reign. He was assassinated after 7 months of rule and succeeded by his former supporter, Otho
3 commentsLucas H
Galba,_RIC_I_211.jpg
07 02 Galba, RIC I 21130 viewsGalba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius. Rome mint. (18mm, 2.88 g, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS GEN HVMANI, Salus advancing left, foot on globe, holding patera over altar and carrying rudder. RIC I 211; RSC 238. CNG 264, lot 391.

According to the Roman Dictionary of Coins, this type alludes to Galba’s taking over revolt during Vindex’s revolt due to his high birth and political connections. The reverse inscription invokes the safety, health, and wellbeing of the human race.
Lucas H
dom_as_caesar_salus_and_snake.jpg
07 Domitian as Caesar RIC-108486 viewsAR Denarius, 3.28g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Salus, stg. r., resting on column, feeding snake out of patera
RIC 1084 (C2). BMC 265. RSC 384. BNC 237.
Acquired from Aegean Numismatics, July 2008.

A most puzzling reverse type issued during the last months of Vespasian's reign before he died on June 24th. Perhaps a reference to Vespasian's illness and his hopeful recovery.

Worn and average with a good portrait.
vespasian70
Caracalla-Prieur-1144.jpg
07. Caracalla.23 viewsTetradrachm, 205-207 AD, Laodiceia ad Mare.
Obverse: AVT KAI . ANTΩNEINOC . CE . / Laureate bust of Caracalla.
Reverse: ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC B / Eagle, holding wreath in beak, star between legs.
12.91 gm., 25 mm.
Bellinger #57; Prieur #1144.

When Caracalla went to the East to wage war with the Parthians, he issued vast quantities of tetradrachms to finance the activity. This coin, however, is not from that series; it was minted about 10 years earlier when Septimius Severus was still emperor. The main distinguishing feature of this coin is a bust of Caracalla as an adolescent, with just the beginnings of sideburns. It is a fairly scare type. For more information see "Severan Tetradrachms of Laodiceia" by R. G. McAlee in ANS Museum Notes #29 (1984), pages 43-59.

Prieur #1144 has the same obverse die as this coin. However, the reverse legend of #1144 has a Γ at the end of it. Prieur knew of only one example of this coin. Several years ago CNG had a coin from similar dies with the reverse legend ending in a B. Unfortunately, the last letter of the reverse legend on this coin is not real clear.
Callimachus
RI 071c img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 04048 viewsObv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Sol walking left holding whip, Remnant of star in left field
Minted in Rome A.D. 220
References:– VM 49, RIC 40, RCV02 7533, RSC 154

This type should have a star in the left field. None is obvious but there coould be the remnant of a star lost due to clogged die.
maridvnvm
Crispina-RIC-281.jpg
071. Crispina.12 viewsDenarius, 180 -182 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: CRISPINA AVGVSTA / Bust of Crispina.
Reverse: DIS GENITALIBVS / Lighted altar.
3.49 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #281; Sear #5999.

This coin of Crispina has an unusual reverse type: an altar dedicated to the gods of childbirth. We know of no children born to Crispina and Commodus. Stevenson says of this reverse (p. 332): "It would seem that the empress had dedicated an altar to the dii genitales, either for having had children, or that she might obtain fertility from them, or that she might commend the child with which she was pregnant to their care and protection.
Callimachus
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-27_AVTK____W________C_V__V_CABMO_ECTOVNIKO_O_EIT_N_P_OCICTPON__Nic_ad_Istr__HHJ-08_36_4_-,_M_Inf_Q-001_6h_26,5-28mm_12_2g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,132 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-W-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ (AVΓ ligate), Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, right.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEITΩN-ΠP (ΠP ligate), in right field one below the other POC [I]C[T]P, in upper left field ON (Γ?), Athena in long girded double chiton, helmeted, standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on inverted spear and holding with lowered right hand shield seen from inside set on ground.
exe: O/N/Γ(?)//O/C/I/C/T/P//--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 12,2g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus (241-244 A.D.,) date: 241-244 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 2051 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4177 (but Varbanov doesn't differentiate between different legend
distributions!)
c) not in Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2015)
rev. No. 8. 36.4 (for the depiction only)
obv. e.g. No. 8.36.4.4 (same die)
Q-001
quadrans
1182_P_Hadrian_RPC749.jpg
0749 var. THRACE. Philippopolis Hadrian, Apollo standing21 viewsReference.
RPC III, 749 var.

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑСΤΟС
Bare-headed and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r. with paludamentum seen from rear

Rev. ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Apollo standing l., naked but a drapery on his r. shoulder, holding patera in his right hand and an laurel-branche in his l. hand

9.36 gr
24 mm
6h

Note.
Harlan J. Berk
This variant with Apollo holding a branch rather than two arrows in his lowered left hand is not in RPC, though Vabanov 629-30 reports such a reverse type combined with two different (laureate) bust types, citing Mouchmov's monograph on the ancient coins of Philippopolis, nos. 16 and 17
1 commentsokidoki
RI 077m img~0.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - Antioch Unlisted reverse - Errored reverse legend44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRVS (sic) AVG, Virtus standing right, holding reversed spear and victory

This reverse type is unlisted from Antioch though a couple of examples are now known of the type. This one also has VIRVS in place of VIRTVS.
maridvnvm
RI_077at_img~0.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 24834 viewsObv:– IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm
Minted in Rome. 232 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 248. RSC 166.

Not a scarce coin but seemingly much scarcer than the more usual Mars advancing with spear and shield type.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077bb_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander Denarius - RIC 268 var22 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAN AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder set on globe and cornucopia; star to left
Minted in Antioch, Issue 3, A.D. 223
Reference(s) – RIC IV 268 var (obverse legend, normal legend is C). RSC 237 var (same)

RIC makes mention of a coin of the same type from the previous issue (Issue 2) being known with ALEXAN but I cannot find this in BMCRE. Another example but from a different die pair sold by CNG in 2009
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077am img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 302 var.22 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right with palm & wreath
Minted in Antioch.
Reference:– RIC 302 var. (This type not listed with a Star in the field)
maridvnvm
RI 077m img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - Unlisted Antioch63 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– VIRVS AVG, Virtus standing right, holding reversed spear and victory

Unlisted

This reverse type is not known for Antioch.
maridvnvm
Rep_AR-Den-Ser_L_Papius_Head-Juno-Sospita-r_-Griphon_leaping-r-Amphora_L_PAPI-ex_ROMA_Craw_-384-1_Syd-773_Rome_79-BC_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5mm_3,35g-s.jpg
079 B.C., L. Papius, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 384/1, RRC 108, Gryphon leaping right, Unknown with Whip, L•PAPI,312 views079 B.C., L. Papius, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 384/1, RRC 108, Gryphon leaping right, Unknown with Whip, L•PAPI,
avers: Head of Juno Sospita right; behind, water-bottle,
reverse: Gryphon leaping right, below Amphora with strap (suitcase), L•PAPI,
exergue: -/-//L•PAPI, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 79 B.C., ref: Crawford 384/1, Sydenham 773, RRC 108 var,
Q-001
"This is the "flask/square basket" type, Crawford pair type 108; Babelon pair type 18." by Helvetica, Thank you!
1 commentsquadrans
V1085.jpg
07b Domitian as Caesar RIC 108589 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Salus, stg. r., resting on column, feeding snake out of patera
RIC 1085 (R2). BMC p. 47 note. RSC 385. BNC 238.
Acquired from eBay, 10 June 2018.

A rare left portrait variant of the common Salus type struck for Domitian Caesar under Vespasian. The reverse may be an illusion to Vespasian's ill health preceeding his death on 24 June 79. No specimens in the BM's collection, citing the Paris collection. A double die match with the RIC plate coin.

Good style and well centred.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
domit_as_caesar_vesta_lg.jpg
08 Domitian as Caesar RIC-108778 viewsAR Denarius, 3.54g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta, std. l., with palladium and sceptre
RIC 1087 (C2). BMC 262. RSC 378. BNC 233.
Acquired from Amphora Coins, July 2008.

Vesta is supposed to be holding a palladium in her right hand, but on this example the legend covers up the palladium completely. It is barely visible (if at all) under the legend. Most examples of the type clearly show it in her out-stretched hand. A note for an aureus of the type in the BM (#261) notes - 'palladium hardly visible, sceptre nearly vertical'. There is no illustration of the specimen, so I'm guessing mine is similar.
vespasian70
Philip-I-RIC-086a.jpg
08. Philip I.41 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLVM NOVVM / Hexastyle temple with seated statue of Roma.
4.25 gm., 21 mm.
RIC 86a.

This particular reverse type seems to be the only one of the Millennium types to have been minted in Antioch. Characteristics of the Antioch mint on this coin include a left-facing bust and the long obverse legend.
The temple is the Temple of Roma in Rome, begun by Hadrian and complete by Antoninus Pius in 141 AD.
1 commentsCallimachus
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-VAL-HOS-MES-QVINTVS-N-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21-23mm_3_67g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,77 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
avers:- C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
revers:- RINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Apollo seated left, holding branch
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: h,
mint: Rome ?, date: 251 A.D.? ref: RIC- ,C- ,??, Very rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
Q-001
"A similar coin, overstruck on an earlier denarius of Geta in Decius' operation to convert circulating denarii into antononiani, was shown on Forvm by Hispanorvm, May 2005.
I wrote the coin into my RIC, but it did not turn up in a Forvm search for "Hostilian Geta" now, so it has perhaps been deleted.
For readers without easy access to RIC, this rev. type is well known for Hostilian Caesar with the longer legend
C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C,
but is not in RIC with the more abbreviated legend of Quadrans' coin,
C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C." by Curtis Clay. Thank you Curtis Clay.
quadrans
GI_087f_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III, AE29, Odessos29 viewsObv:– ANTWNIOC GORDIANOC, AVT K M below, Confronted draped busts of Gordian & Serapis
Rev:– ODECCEITWN, Emperor in military attire, standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, inverted spear in left, right foot resting on prow; E in left field
Minted in Odessos.
References:- Varbanov (Engl.) 4493. AMNG 2362

29.02mm x 27.74mm. 13.44gms.

Pick writes: This type possibly refers to a visit of the emperor to Odessos.

Many thanks to Pekka K and Jochen for the attribution information.
maridvnvm
IMG_2655.JPG
09 Constantius Gallus48 viewsConstantius Gallus
DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
soldier standing left, spearing a fallen horseman,
hair straight up, no beard, reaching (hair type not in RIC)
SMN[?]

Nicomedia 97 var
C
ex DS
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
dom_1445.jpg
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445121 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.). BNC 362.
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian era...one wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Civil_Wars_RIC_I_121.jpg
09.5 Civil Wars RIC I 12149 viewsCivil Wars. 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Southern Gaul mint. 69 A.D. (2.97g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: FIDES, above EXERCITVVM, below clasped hands. Rev: FIDES, above,PRAETORIANORVM, blow, Clasped r. hands. RIC I 121; RCV 2048.

This is thought to be an issue by pro Vitellian forces in southern Gaul for the purpose of influencing Otho’s Praetorians in the capital. In March 69 AD, Vitellian commander Fabius Valens entered Italy from Southern Gaul at the head of a small band to sway the loyalty of Otho’s forces, and this type of coin would have been “bribe” money for that purpose.
1 commentsLucas H
00_003.JPG
090 Vespasian37 views"Looks like Vespasian, first issue of 71 with full name VESPASIANVS:

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS III, bust laureate r. resting on globe and with aegis on shoulder

FIDES EXERCITVVM, S C in ex. , clasped hands before legionary eagle on prow.

The obverse die is A23 in Colin Kraay's unpublished Oxford dissertation, the rev. die P75. Kraay didn't know this die combination, but it is recorded by RIC 70 from a single specimen in the Termopolio Hoard from Pompeii, published in 1997.

These are rare types: only one other obv. die of the issue shows this combination of aegis and globe for the bust, and this is the only rev. die of the FIDES EXERCITVVM type used in the issue, though a second such die was used later in the year with Vespasian's name abbreviated VESPASIAN (no -VS).

To see what your dies looked like before the corrosion, see RIC pl. 18, 117 and pl. 16, 71 for the obv. and rev. respectively! These are the same two dies on well preserved specimens in other die combinations."

thanks for the help Curtislclay !

New pic
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
111_036.JPG
090 Vespasian87 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Silver denarius, RIC II part 1, 362; SRCV I 2317, BMCRE II 74, F, 2.879g, 17.2mm, 195o, Rome mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, crowning legionary standard with wreath with right, palm across shoulder in left.

"This type likely refers to the victory in Judaea but does not specifically identify that victory."
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
090b_Gallienus,_Roma,_Göbl_712b,_AE-Ant,_GALLIENVS_AVG,_SOLI_CONS_AVG,_A,_RIC-_C-_-AD__Q-001,_0h,_21,5mm,_g-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283var., Göbl 712b, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//A, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,179 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283var., Göbl 712b, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//A, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,
avers: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right.
reverse: SOLI CONS AVG, Winged horse/Pegasus leaping right. "A" in exergue.
exergue:-/-//A, diameter: 19,0-21,5mm, weight: g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 267-268 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-283 var (bust type), p-, Göbl 712b, Sear 10362,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
nerva dup-~0.jpg
096-098 AD - NERVA AE dupondius - struck 96 AD62 viewsobv:IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP CIS II PP (radiate head right)
rev:CONCORDIA EXERCITVM / S.C. (two hands clasped hads holding legionary eagle resting on prow)
ref:RIC55, C.26(2fr.)
11.11gms
The type of this reverse alludes to the concurrence and union of the forces, both on land and at sea, during the reign of this good prince.
berserker
454_P_Hadrian.jpg
0968 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Octastyle temple54 viewsReference.
RPC III, 968; RIC II 461b; Metcalf, Cistophori, type B1; RSC 240b; Pinder 100

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Octastyle temple on podium of three steps

10.52 gr
27 mm
6 h

Note.

The temple depicted is that of Roma and Augustus erected by the koinon of Bithynia at Nicomedia, of which no archaeological remains have been discovered.

Cistophori were produced in the name of the Commune Bithyniae only once, under Hadrian. The inscription on the frieze, reconstructed as ROM(ae) S(enatui) P(opulo) AVG(usto) and translated as "To Rome, the Senate, the People, and Augustus" tentatively identifies the building as a temple of Rome and Augustus at Nicomedia. No archaeological remains of this structure have as yet been found, and reconstructions of it are based entirely on the second century numismatic evidence. Both Tacitus and Dio Cassius report that in 19 BC Augustus did authorize the construction of a temple to Rome and himself at Pergamum, an event commemorated on his cistophori there. No such evidence for a temple at Nicomedia occurs earlier than this cistophorus.
1 commentsokidoki
trajan RIC623-R.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE dupondius - struck 112-114 AD136 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PMTRP COS VI PP (radiate bust right with aegis, drapery on far shoulder)
rev: DACIA AVGVST (Dacia seated left on rock, holds aquila. At her side a child holding corn, in front a child holding grapes), PROVINCIA and S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 623 (S), C.126 (3frcs)
11.36gms, 26mm
Rare

History: D. Terentius Scaurianus, the first governor of Dacia (106–110/112 AD) started to organize the province and it had finished to 112 AD. Scaurianus executed the measures what required to becoming Dacia to the part of the Roman Empire, did the census and the land survey of the conquered areas, even made also several roads. This type of coin is the evidence of that works.
berserker
V1446dark.jpg
09a Domitian as Caesar RIC 1446113 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
RIC 1446 (C). BMC 470. RSC 38. RPC 847 (10 spec.). BNC 363.
Acquired from Lucernae, eBay, January 2015.

In Domitian's first imperial coinage issue he was given special treatment regarding the bust type chosen. The engravers at Ephesus depicted him cuirassed with a cloak draped over his left shoulder. Vespasian and Titus were not engraved so elaborately (although at Antioch Titus' bust is draped). Why this is so is a mystery. Unusually Domitian shares the same reverse types as Vespasian and Titus in this series, unlike at Rome where he largely had his own unique types. This Ceres reverse is probably the most common of his Ephesus denarii.

A worn coin to be sure, but the handsome bust shines through the wear.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
V1492.jpg
09b Domitian as Caesar RIC-1492112 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: COS IIII across field; Eagle stg. facing on garlanded base, wings open, head r.
RIC 1492 (R). BMC 487. RSC 45c. RPC 1466 (3 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Gemini X, 13 January 2013, Harry N. Sneh Collection, group lot 806.

A delightful Domitian as Caesar denarius from the rare 'o' mint. RIC speculates the mysterious mint is Ephesus based on the use of the 'o' mint mark which was also used at that mint in its last known series in 74.

This reverse type of Eagle on garlanded base is known from Rome for Vespasian and Titus. A wonderful portrait accompanies this large flan specimen.


5 commentsDavid Atherton
V1494a.jpg
09c Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1494126 viewsAR Denarius, 2.81g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: COS IIII above; Pegasus r.
RIC 1494 (R2). BMC 488 bis. RSC 47 var. RPC 1465 (1 spec.). BNC -.
Ex G&N, eBay, 27 August 2015.

An unknown eastern mint struck a spate of denarii in 76 which copied many contemporary types from Rome. Both RIC and RPC speculate it possibly could be Ephesus, citing a similar style with a previous Ephesian issue from 74 and the use of an annulet as a mint mark. The issue is extremely rare. This denarius copies the much more common Pegasus type struck at Rome for Domitian. Domitian's connection to this unusual type perhaps can be explained by Pegasus' association with Athena/Minerva, Domitian's patron goddess. These eastern denarii are understandably confused with the issues from Rome, however, they can be distinguished by style and the annulet (if visible) below the bust.

A fine styled, nicely toned denarius.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
V1495.JPG
09d Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1495125 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
RIC 1495 (R). BMC 491. RSC -. RPC 1467 (4 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Solidus, eBay, 29 November 2013.

In 76 AD a mysterious series of denarii appeared in Asia Minor for Vespasian and his sons two years after Ephesus stopped minting denarii. The reverse types were copied from those contemporaneously produced at Rome and featured many mules and blundered legends. Often an 'o' mint mark is visible below the busts, giving rise to the theory that these may be the product of Ephesus. The style is also similar to the last series known from that mint.

Here is a rare reverse type for Domitian as Caesar. At Rome this type is only known for Vespasian and Titus. BMC 491 is listed as no mint mark below bust. A fine style portrait struck on a large flan. Same obverse die as my V1492.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Soloi_Stater_Amazon.jpg
0a Amazon Stater19 viewsSilver Stater 20mm Struck circa 440-410 B.C.
Soloi in Cilicia

Amazon kneeling left, holding bow, quiver on left hip
ΣOΛEΩN, Grape cluster on vine; A-Θ to either side of stalk, monogram to lower right

Sear 5602 var.; Casabonne Type 3; SNG France 135; SNG Levante

This coin depicts an amazon in historically accurate garb. Unfortunately, the bow is corroded away on this piece, but it is pointed toward her. She wears the Scythian hat, which also has a bit along the top corroded away. The quiver on her hip is an accurate portrayal of the gorytos (quiver), which was nearly two feet long, fashioned of leather, and often decorated. Fortunately, there is redundancy in this image, and a second bow is shown as in its place in the gorytos, which had separate chambers for arrows and the bow, where the archer stored it while not in use. The amazon has just finished stringing her bow and is adjusting the top hook to make sure the strings and limbs are properly aligned. She has strung the bow using her leg to hold one limb in place so she can use both hands to string the weapon. Her recurve bow was made of horn (ibex, elk, ox) wrapped with horse hair, birch bark, or sinew (deer, elk, ox) and glue (animal or fish) wrapped around a wood core. The bow was about 30 inches long. Arrow heads from grave sites come in bone, wood, iron, and bronze with two or three flanges; the shafts were made of reed or wood (willow, birch, poplar) and fletched with feathers. Poisoned arrows were sometimes painted to resemble vipers. A Scythian archer could probably fire 15-20 arrows per minute with accuracy to 200 feet and range to 500-600 feet. Distance archery with modern reconstructions suggests a maximum unaimed flight distance of 1,600 feet. (Mayor 209ff)

Soloi was founded about 700 B.C.and came under Persian rule. According to Diodorus, when the amazons were engaging in conquest in Asia Minor, the Cilicians accepted them willingly and retained their independence. Soloi may be named after Solois, a companion of Theseus, who married the amazon Antiope. The amazon on the coin may well be Antiope. (Mayor, 264-265)
Blindado
M_53_half_p.jpg
1 Innocent XI undated Half Piastre M5336 viewsAn interesting obverse type featuring a completely unsymmetrical 3/4 view of the pope's arms. The lion and eagle are remarkably lifelike, quite unusual for elements of coats of arms, and both appear to be ready to leave the coin. The eagle seems particularly interested in testing his wings, perhaps having noticed the lion is watching him with a lean and hungry look.

The reverse translates to "to the greedy it shall not be given." A number of the reformed coins of this pope featured legends encouraging charity.
stlnats
1_Aretas_II__III.jpg
1. Aretas III 87-62 BC43 viewsMint: Damascus
Ref: Meshorer Nabataean Coins,type 1
OBV: Helmeted head of Athena facing right.
REV: Nike standing left, holding wreath.
Size: AE15 mm

1 commentsbrian l
karia.jpg
1/16 Stater, Karia uncertain (Kaunos?)35 views1/16 Stater, Karia uncertain (Kaunos?)
aka Tritartemorion

490 - 470 BC

Female deity (Iris?) with curled wings,
Griffin standing l. in incuse square.

0.58 gr, 8.6 mm

cf SNGKeckman 817 for type & 821 for weight
see also AsiaMinorCoins #3960
Konuk 57 (O1,R1)
2 commentsPekka K
RIC_111_AS_Imitativo_Claudio_I.jpg
10-12 - CLAUDIO (41 - 54 D.C.)14 viewsCeca No Oficial
AE AS 26 mm 9.7 gr.

Anv: "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI" - Constantia estante a izquierda, apoyada en su cetro con brazo izquierdo y elevando su mano derecha, grandes "S C" en ambos campos.

Acuńada ca. 41 - 43 D.C.
Ceca: Incierta, muy probablemente Hispánica.

Referencias: RIC Vol.I #111 Pag.129 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #1858 Pag.367 - BMCRE #199/201 - Cohen Vol.I #14 Pag.251 - DVM #15 Pag.82 - von Kaenel Type 76
mdelvalle
RI_101d_img.jpg
101 - Volusian, Antoninianus - RIC 14016 viewsObv:- IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- P M TR P IIII COS II, Emperor standing left, holding branch and short transverse sceptre
Minted in Rome A.D. 253
Reference:– RIC 140 (Scarce). RSC 92.

A decent example of a scarcer type.

Weight 3.45g. 21.49mm.
maridvnvm
3100378.jpg
102. Trajan. AD 98-11729 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Ć Sestertius (34mm, 25.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 103-104. Laureate and draped bust right / Front of the Temple of Jupiter: monumental votive arch/gateway; on the sides, from top to bottom, are the following reliefs: biga driven by Victory, aegis, Gigantomachy, arms, and she-wolf suckling twins; the second tier surmounted by a trophy and giant to either side, gateway spandrels with Victories, pediment with Jupiter between two seated figures, panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo), the whole surmounted by six-horse chariot driven by Jupiter and flanked by Victories. RIC II 572-3 var. (bust type); Woytek 187f; Banti 280. Fair, brown patina, some green, areas of minor porosity and cleaning scratches. Rare. Banti cites only one example with this bust type.

EX-CNG eAuction 310 lot 378 190/150
ecoli
RI_105e_img.jpg
105 - Valerian Antoninianus - RIC 21019 viewsObv:– IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AETERNITATI AVGG, Saturn standing right, holding scythe
Minted in Antioch
Reference:– Goebl 1559a. RIC V 210. RSC 8.

A scarcer reverse type. A somewhat flat strike.
maridvnvm
coins1.JPG
106. Commodus26 viewsRev. Minerva dropping incense over candelabrum altar, legend IMP II (or III) COS II P P S C, a well-known sestertius type of Commodus as Augustus and TR P IIII, in 179 under Marcus.ecoli
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
trajse23-2.jpg
109 AD: Improvement of the water supply of Rome under Trajan205 viewsOricalchum sestertius (24.4g, 33mm, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 110.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan right
AQVA / TRAIANA [in ex.] SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around edge] S C [left and right in ex.] River god reclining l. in arched grotto supported by two columns; left arm resting on urn; reed in right hand.
RIC 463 [S]; Cohen 20; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 103:53

This type celebrates the construction of the Aqua Traiana which was dedicated on 20 June 109 constructed to improve the water supply of Rome. A branch of the Anio Novus was carried over the valley between the Caelian and the Aventine.
A lofty arcade was built upon the 'agger' of Servilius Tullius and passing over the Via Appia and the Porta Capena to the Piscina Publica. Terra-cotta water pipes with the name of Trajan and a leaden pipe inscribed AQVA TRAIANA have been found in excavations.
Charles S
Trajse32-2.jpg
109 AD: Road construction by Trajan193 viewsorichalcum sestertius (26.3g, 33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 112-114.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DACPM TR P COS VI P P laureate draped bust of Trajan
VIA TRAIANA [in ex.] SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around] S C [below] woman reclining left holding a wheel and a branch
RIC 637 [S]; BMC 988; Foss (Roman Historical Coins): 103/54
ex CNG mail bid sale 57

This type records the construction of a road at the Emperor's expense in AD 109 from Beneventum to Brundisium.
1 commentsCharles S
rjb_car_1093_06_06.jpg
109339 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “SALVS AVG”
Salus standing left feeding serpent rising from altar
London mint?
-/-//BRI
RIC 1093
The BRI coins are rare, Shiel (1977) listed only seven in total of both reverse types. This coin is a reverse die duplicate of Shiel 6, a specimen from the F Baldwin collection, the whereabouts are unknown today and was not in the 1969 sale of his collection, a cast of which is in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. It appears to be a new obverse die for the series.

More information on the "BRI" coins of Carausius can be found here.
mauseus
rjb_car_1094_08_05.jpg
109443 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “VIRTVS AVG”
Woman standing right holding standard clasping hand of emperor standing left
Uncertain mint
-/-//XX
RIC 1094
RIC cites the collection of Sir John Evans for this type and no Webb reference. Webb cites a similar type in the collection of Sir John Evans but with the reverse legend VIRTVS [MILIT?] (Webb 1222). The RIC description appears to be describing the same coin but re-read.
mauseus
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-034a_C1-049_H-041_Q-001_9h_10,5mm_0,38g-s.jpg
11.11. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.11./a5.01./after 13 before 14. (New Sigla!), H-041, CNH I.-049, U-034, #0172 views11.11. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.11./a5.01./after 13 before 14. (New Sigla!), H-041, CNH I.-049, U-034, #01
avers: +CALMAN REX, cross between two horizontal lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe, border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS REX or illegible legend, cross in a circle with wedges in the angles, border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,38 g, axis:9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-041, CNH I.-049, Unger-034,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.11./a5.01./after 13 before 14. (New Sigla!), New subtype/sigla variation!,
Q-001
quadrans
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-034b_C1-049_H-041_Q-005_h_mm_g-s.jpg
11.12. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.12./a5.03./after 24 before 25. (New Sigla!), H--, CNH I.--, U--, #0186 views11.12. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.12./a5.03./after 24 before 25. (New Sigla!), H--, CNH I.--, U--, #01
avers: +CALMAN REX, cross between two vertical lines amongst four dots in quadrilobe, the border of dots.
reverse: +LADLAVS RE/+LADLAVSE or illegible legend, cross in a circle with wedges in the angles, border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,3 mm, weight: 0,46 g, axis:0h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár--, CNH I.--, Unger--,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.12./a5.03./after 24 before 25. (New Sigla!), New subtype/sigla variation!
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Ticinum,_RIC_V-II_361,_AE-Ant,_VIRTVS_PROBI_AVG_(F1),_FELICITAS_SEC_(B),_SXXT,_em-3,_off-2,_277-8AD,_R,_Q-001,_0h,_22-25mm,_4,65g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 361, Ticinum, Bust: F1/G, -/-//SXXT, FELICITAS SEC (Type: B), Felicitas standing left, Rare! #1135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 361, Ticinum, Bust: F1/G, -/-//SXXT, FELICITAS SEC (Type: B), Felicitas standing left, Rare! #1
avers: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (F1/G)
reverse: FELICITAS SEC (Type: B), Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22,0-25,0mm, weight: 4,65g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinium, 3rd. emission, 2nd. off., date: 277-278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 361, Rare,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_AERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-l-square_RIC-376-p-58_3rd-em_Ticinum_277-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_22-22,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!79 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, AERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- AERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-G_RIC-376-p-58_4th-em_Ticinum_278-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_21,5mm_2,95g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!99 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust type G, -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. emission, date: 278A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Bust Type G,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_HERCVLI-PACIF_S-XXT_Bust-F-square_RIC-376-p-58_Ticinum_376-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,89g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!163 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 376, Ticinum, HERCVLI PACIF, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//SXXT, Hercules standing left, Scarce!
avers: VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers: HERCVLI-PACIF, Hercules standing left, holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin.
exerg: -/-//SXXT, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 276A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-376, p-58, Heroic Bust Type , Square shield, seen from back,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_388_112_Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AV-G-(G)_IOVI_CONSE_RVAT_V-XXT_RIC-388_p-_3rd-em_Ticinum_277-AD_Q-001_6h_21,8-22,3mm_3,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 388, Ticinum, IOVI CONSERVAT, Bust type G, -/-//VXXT, Emperor and Jupiter, 179 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 388, Ticinum, IOVI CONSERVAT, Bust type G, -/-//VXXT, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: VIRTVS PROBI AV G, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: IOVI CONSERVAT, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left.
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 21,8-22,3mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd. emission, date: 277A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-388, p-60, Bust Type G,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VI-RTVS-PROBI-AVG_PROVIDEN-T-AVG_B-XXI_RIC-553var-p-75_Bust-F-square-Not-In-RIC_Ticinum_-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 553var ???, Not in RIC this Bust type, Ticinum, PROVIDENT AVG, -/-//BXXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !, #1113 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 553var ???, Not in RIC this Bust type, Ticinum, PROVIDENT AVG, -/-//BXXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !, #1
avers:- VI-RTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from back.
revers:- PROVIDEN-T-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exerg: -/-//BXXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: ???, ref: RIC-V-II-553var ???, Not in RIC this bust type, p-75, Heroic Bust Type (Unlisted with this bust type in RIC, F-Square shield),
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VI-RTVS-PROBI-AVG_PROVIDEN-T-AVG_B-XXI_RIC-553var-p-75_Bust-F-square-Not-In-RIC_Ticinum_-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_22-23mm_3,53g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 553var ???, Not in RIC this Bust type, Ticinum, PROVIDENT AVG, -/-//BXXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !, #2203 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 553var ???, Not in RIC this Bust type, Ticinum, PROVIDENT AVG, -/-//BXXI, Providentia standing left, Rare !, #2
avers:- VI-RTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, seen from back.
revers:- PROVIDEN-T-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre..
exerg: -/-//BXXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,53g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: ???, ref: RIC-V-II-553var ???, Not in RIC this bust type, p-75, Heroic Bust Type (Unlisted with this bust type in RIC, F-Square shield),
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_839var__112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(Gvar_)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP_star_KA_Gamma__RIC-839var_Not-in-this_off__Serdica_2nd-em-277-AD_Q-001_6h_23,5mm_4,26g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 839var., Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-Gvar., *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!140 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 839var., Serdica, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Bust-Gvar., *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Jupiter. Rare !!!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and small round shield. (G var).
revers: CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
exergo: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,26g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, 2nd. emiss., 3rd.off., date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-839var. Not in this avers legend with this bust type and officina,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_862,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(H),_S_OL_I_INVIC_T_O,_KADelta,_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-23mm_4,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1153 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Bust Type (H-H2), Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- S OL I INVIC T O, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KAΔ, no exergual line, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 4,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC V-II 862, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
5 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H)_S-OLI-INVIC-T-O_KA-dot-gamma-dot_RIC-862_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_7h_22,5mm_3,71g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KA•Γ•, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1286 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KA•Γ•, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Bust Type (H-H2), Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- S OL I INVIC T O, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC V-II 862, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H)_SOLI-INVICTO_KA-dot-gamma-dot_RIC-864_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_h_22mm_x_xxga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,101 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- SOLI-INVICTO, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC-V-II-864, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-no_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,28g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #192 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, - officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-, p-118, (La Venčra: 1 example), R3!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_B_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #184 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//B, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-2, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,12g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1103 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-002_6h_22mm_3,92g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,92g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI_RIC-911_Cyzicus_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_22-24mm_4,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3c-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXI, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1131 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3c-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXI, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXI, diameter: 22,0-24,0mm, weight: 4,40g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, - officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3c-, p-118,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-P_RIC-911_Cyzicus_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_2,34g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIP, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 1st. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-1, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-P_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_11h_23mm_3,42gax-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #269 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIP, diameter: 23,0mm, weight: 3,42g, axis: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 1st. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-1, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,__IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(H-H2),_SO_LI_IN_VICT_O,_CM_XXIS,_p118,_3rd_em_,_2nd_off_,_Cyzicus,_280-AD,_Q-001_6h_22,5mm_3,49g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIS, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1121 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIS, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIS, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,49g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-2, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-T_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_1h_22,5-23mm_3,35g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIT, Sol left in spread quadriga, #194 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIT, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIT, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-3, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-Q_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_0h_23-23,5mm_3,68ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #183 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 23-23,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 4th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-4, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-Q_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-002_0h_22,5-23mm_4,31g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2117 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 4,31g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 4th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-4, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911-3-5,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,__IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(H-H2),_SO_LI_IN_VICT_O,_CM_XXIV,_p118,_3rd_em_,_5th_off_,_Cyzicus,_280-AD,_Q-001,_5h,_22,5mm,_3,90g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIV, Sol left in spread quadriga, #181 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIV, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIV, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 5th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-5, p-118,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-E_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,72gax-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-4-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIЄ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #175 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-4-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIЄ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIЄ, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 4th. emission, 5th. officina, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-4-5, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTV-S-PROBI-AVG-(Gvar-l_)_SALVS-AVG_A_RIC-Not-in_AD_Q-001_0h_23-24,5mm_3,88ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II ???, Ticinum, SALVS-AVG, Bust-Gvar-left, A/-//--, Salus seated left, Not in RIC !!!245 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II ???, Ticinum, SALVS-AVG, Bust-Gvar-left, A/-//--, Salus seated left,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted (Corinthian helmet), cuirassed bust right, without spear and shield. Not in RIC this type of bust !!!
revers:- SALVS-AVG, Salus seated left, feeding serpent rising from altar.
exe: A/-//--, diameter: 23-24,5mm, weight: 3,88g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: ??? A.D., ref: RIC-V-II ???, p-,
Q-001
"Another exceedingly rare coin! No bibliographic reference, you are right. I just know another similar coin, from a private Dutch collection.
Yours is from the same obverse die. You generally have many interesting coins from Siscia. This exception from the Ticinum mint is stunning. Congratulations again,
S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
4 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_VIRTVS-AVG_P-XXT_Bust-F-square_RIC-Not-In-p-_Ticinum_-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_21,5-22,5mm_3,45g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Ticinum, VIRTVS AVG, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//PXXT, Mars walking right, Rare !214 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Ticinum, VIRTVS AVG, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//PXXT, Mars walking right, Rare !
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis, "Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- VIRTVS-AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//PXXT, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,45g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: ???, ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, p-, Heroic Bust Type (Unlisted with this bust type in RIC, "Square shield"),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_SALVS-PVBLIC_Gamma-XXI_Bust-F-square_RIC-569-p-76_Ticinum_282-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_21mm_4,15g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Ticinum, SALVS PVBLIC, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//ΓXXI, Salus standing right, Scarce!322 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in, Ticinum, SALVS PVBLIC, Bust-Heroic type in "Square shield", -/-//ΓXXI, Salus standing right, Scarce!
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, heroically nude bust left, holding spear and aegis,"Square shield", seen from back.
revers:- SALVS-PVBLIC, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: -/-//ΓXXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 4,15g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: , ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, p-, Heroic Bust Type (Unlisted with this bust type in RIC, Square shield),
Q-001
"Rarity of your coin: there are 10 examples of this type in my documentation (with a high rate of die linking).
I think your coin shares its obverse die with the Glasgow Hunter Coin Cabinet coin (A. S. Robertson n. 174)"
by S.Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_913,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(G-E1),_VIRTVS_PROBI_AVG,_(Type_E),_CXXIM,_Cyzicus,_em-3rd_,_280-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-21,5mm,_3,85g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC-913var. (this off Not in RIC), Cyzicus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust E1-G, -/-//CXXIM, Emperor riding left, #3 71 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC-913var. (this off Not in RIC), Cyzicus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust E1-G, -/-//CXXIM, Emperor riding left, #3
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated with a rider right, (E1-G).
reverse: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding the scepter, at the foot, captive.
exergue: -/-//CXXIM, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,65g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC-913var. (this off Not in RIC), p-118,
Q-003
quadrans
RIC_625_A_005_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(Fl_)_ADVENTVS-AVG_XXI-V_RIC-625-p-84_Alf-5_No-Not-in_Siscia_2nd-em-277-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0005.0000 (not in), -/-//XXIV, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 625var.(bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, Rare!!!91 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0005.0000 (not in), -/-//XXIV, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 625var.(bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor riding left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left. (B/F.l.).
reverse: ADVEN TVS AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 277 A.D., 2nd. emission, ref: RIC V-II 625var. p-84, Alföldi type 0005.0000, Not in
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_---_A_---_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG-N_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-V-II-686var_Alf_-32avar-No-_Siscia_2nd-emission_277-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3_22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!125 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS INV AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
reverse: FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left by altar, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 686var., (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!),
Q-001
"Thank you for showing this very rare coin reverse FELICITAS AVG(usti) N(ostri), Felicitas holding a long caduceus and a cornucopiae: the draped bust seen from front is unlisted in Alföldi's work on the mint of Siscia under Probus (so ref: Alföldi 32, -), I know it from another coin in a private collection, which shares the same obverse die as yours >> unreferenced coin, two specimens, one obverse die.
The new reverses introduced at that time in the Pannonian mint of Siscia celebrate Probus as "Augustus Noster" (Our Emperor) as the emperor is of Pannonian extraction. The marking which omits the officina number is a clue for an issue of common base aureliani minted parallelly with an imperial donativum in gold.
Very nice coin..S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_036_No_001_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(3F)_FORTVNA-REDUX_XXI-T_RIC-V-II-695legendvar_Alf-36_No-01_Siscia_R_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_4,37g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0036.0001, -/-//XXIT, Bust B/F, RIC V-II Not in !, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left on shield, Extremely Rare!!!147 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0036.0001, -/-//XXIT, Bust B/F, RIC V-II Not in !, AE-Antoninianus, FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left on shield, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (This avers legend not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
reverse: FORTVNA REDUX, Fortuna seated left on shield, holding baton and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,37g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission, date: 276 A.D. ref: RIC-V-II-Not in, (695var, p91, ???), Alföldi 0036.0001,
Q-001
"This is an extremely rare issue of Probus, which Pink attributes to the 4th emission of Siscia mint. It seems that RIC 695 is incorrectly described: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, bust type G (radiate helmeted, cuirassed bust l, holding spear and shield), cited from Voetter.
However, Alföldi lists two examples with obverse legend IMP C PROBVS P F AVG: type 36/1 - Radiate, cuirassed bust right (specimen in Frankfurt) and type 36/2 - Radiate, cuirassed bust left (collection Missong, Vienna), in addition, another specimen of Alf 36/1 is kept in British Museum, coming from Gloucester hoard . All examples have -/-//XXIT mintmark. The same obverse is listed by Pink." by Incerum, thank you Incerum.
2 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_041_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(G_var)_PAX-AVG_XXI-Q_RIC-Not-in_Alf-41-No-Not-in_Siscia_7th-em-280-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0000 (Not in !), -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 704var.(officina Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Rare!!!115 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0000 (Not in !), -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 704var.(officina Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.)
reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,64g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 7th emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 704var. Bust and officina not in RIC, Alföldi type 0041.0000 Not in !!!; Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(G_var)_PAX-AVGVSTI_V_XXI_RIC-713_Alf-42-No-No-or-71_without-plaudamentum_Siscia-5th-emiss_278AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0071, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 713var. (Not in this Bust type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!124 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0071, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 713var. (Not in this Bust type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (F8/Gvar.)
reverse: PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/V//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 713var., (Bust and officina not in RIC), Alföldi 0042.0071, Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_612_A_045_No_004_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-II-P-P_XXI-S_Bust-F_RIC-612-p-82_Siscia_282-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_4,67gb-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!105 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0045.0004, -/-//XXIS, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 612, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS II P P, Lion walking right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F)
reverse: P M TRI P COS II P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23 mm, weight: 3,80 g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 612, p-82, C-447,452, Alföldi type 0045.0004 Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_615_A_047_No_009_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_P-M-TRI-P-COS-III-P-P_XXI-Q_Bust-G_RIC-615-p-83_Siscia_279-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!142 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0047.0009, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 615, AE-Antoninianus, P M TRI P COS III P P, Lion walking right, Rare!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (E1,G)
reverse: P M TRI P COS III P P, Radiate lion walking right, holding thunderbolt in the mouth.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,75g, axis:6 h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission of Siscia, 279, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 615, p-83, C-455,456, Alföldi type 0047.0009,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_606var__A_049_No_018_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(Fl_)_P-M-TR-P-COS-P-P_XXI-Q_RIC-606var-p-81_Alf-49-No-18_Siscia_4th-em-277AD_Rare_Q-001_7h_22,5mm_4,27g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0049.0018, -/-//XXIQ, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 606var.(bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, P M TR P COS P P, Emperor left, Rare!!!122 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0049.0018, -/-//XXIQ, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 606var.(bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, P M TR P COS P P, Emperor left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left. (F,l.)
reverse: P M TR P COS P P, Emperor standing left between two ensigns, right hand raised, left holding sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22,5 mm, weight: 4,27 g, axis:7 h,
mint: Siscia, 4th emission of Siscia, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 606var, p-82, Alföldi type 0049.0018; Rare!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(F-pugio)_PROVIDE-AVG_______RIC-Not-in_Alf-Not-in-51typ_-Siscia-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0051.0000 (Not in !!!), -/ϛ//XXI, Bust B10/F with pugio, RIC V-II 716var.(Bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, Providentia standing left, Rare !!!181 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0051.0000 (Not in !!!), -/ϛ//XXI, Bust B10/F with pugio, RIC V-II 716var.(Bust not in), AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, Providentia standing left, Rare !!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding pugio in the left hand. (B10/F with pugio)
reverse: PROVIDE AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and sceptre.
exergue: -/ϛ//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd emission, Phase b, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 716var. Bust Not in !!!, p-, Alföldi type 0051.0000, Not in !!!, Rare !!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_SOL-I-I-NVICTO_XXI-Q_RIC-777var-p-102_Alf-73-No-20_Siscia_6thd-em-279-AD_Rare_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!! 67 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand. Quadriga with closely spaced/small wheels, clouds underneath.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia 6th. emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 777, p-101, Alföldi 0075.0001, Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SOL-I-IN-VI-C-TO-AV-G_XXI-VI_RIC-781var-p-102_Alf-83-No-6_Siscia_4thd-em-277-AD_Rare_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,97g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!152 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO AVG, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//XXIVI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,97g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia 4th. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 781var., p-101, Alföldi 0083.0006var., Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_RIC-811Alfoldi-96-no-101_Siscia_11h_21,5-22,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0101, -/-//XXIP, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 811, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!180 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0101, -/-//XXIP, Bust B1/F.l., RIC V-II 811, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, without weapons, (B1/F.l.).
reverse: VIRTV S PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//XXIP, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 811 var, p-105, Alföldi type 0096.0101, Rare!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_817_A_097_No_015_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-PF-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_Gamma_XXI_RIC-817_p-106_NotinRIC-Gamma-Siscia_277-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-23mm_3,01g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0097.0000 Not in !!!, Γ//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II Not in this officina Γ, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding right, Rare!!!98 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0097.0000 Not in !!!, Γ//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II Not in this officina Γ, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: VIRTVS P ROBI AVG, Emperor galloping right with spear and shield, spearing half-kneeling enemy warding off the attack.
exergue: Γ//XXI, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 3,64g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II Not in RIC, Alföldi 0097.0000 Not in Alföldi !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_817_A_097_No_012_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXIT_RIC-V-II-817_Alf-97-no12_Siscia_4th-em-277AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0097.0012, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 817, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding right, 84 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0097.0012, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 817, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding right,
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping right, spearing kneeling enemy who warding off an attack.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th emission, date: 277 A.D. ref: RIC V-II 817, p-, Alföldi 0097.0012,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_818_A_098_No_049_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXIV_p-106_Alf-98_no-49_277-AD_Q-001_6h_21,0-21,5mm_3,77g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0049, -/-//XXIT, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!193 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0049, -/-//XXIT, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type E1/G, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated with rider right, soldiers carrying shields in the foreground. (E1/G)
reverse: VIRTVS PR OBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing enemy.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight: 3,77g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th.(?) emission of Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 818, p-106, Alföldi 0098.0049, Scarce!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_818_A_098_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-P-ROBI-AVG_T_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-818var_Alfoldi-98-no-x_Siscia-2nd_-emission_277_Q-001_h_22mm_x_xxg-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!), T//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818var., AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Rare!89 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!), T//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818var., AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Rare!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: VIRTVS P ROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing an half-prostrate enemy warding off an attack, not (!!!) shield underneath Emperor's horse.
exergue: T//XXI, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 3,64g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission of Siscia, date: 280(?) A.D., ref: RIC V-II 818var., p-106, Alföldi 0098.0054var. (without shield beneath horse!),
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXIT_RIC-818_p-106_Alf-98_no-56_277-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0056, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!72 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0098.0056, -/-//XXIT, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 818, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H)
reverse: VIRTVS P ROBI AVG, Emperor galloping left, spearing Half-prostrate enemy warding off an attack, his shield underneath Emperor's horse.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission of Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 818, p-106, Alföldi 0098.0056,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_102C_Carus_IMP-C-M_AVR-CARVS-P-F-AVG_FIDES-MI-LITVM_P_XXI_RIC-V-II-102C(C-Not-in)-1st-em-p-146_C-_Siscia_282AD_R_Q-001_0h_21-24mm_3,36g-s.jpg
113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 102C, Siscia, -/P//XXI, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, R! #184 views113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 102C, Siscia, -/P//XXI, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, R! #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-CARVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers: FIDES-MI-LITVM, Fides standing left between two ensigns.
exerg: -/P//XXI, diameter: 21-24mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 102C, p-146, C-, (C type of bust Not listed in RIC!)
Q-001
quadrans
RI_115o_img~0.jpg
115 - Postumus - Antoninianus - RIC 33118 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Emperor (sometimes referred to as Mars) advancing right, holding spear and shield, small captive to right.
Minted in Cologne. A.D. 266
Reference– RIC 331; Elmer 291; AGK (corr.) 103; Cunetio 2427.

A scarcer reverse type

All examples I have been able to find come from the same die pair
maridvnvm
RI 115i img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 060 C14 viewsObv:- IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- FORTV-NA AVG, Fortuna, standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
Ref:- RIC 60 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
RI 115h img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 064 C27 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules, standing right, leaning on club, holding bow and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 64 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
RI 115g img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 067 A17 viewsObv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right
Rev:– HERC PACIFERO, Hercules, standing left, holding olive branch, club and lion’s skin
Ref:- RIC 67 Bust Type A, attributed to Lugdunum
maridvnvm
RI 115m img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 076 A35 viewsObv:- IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.
Rev:- NEPTVNO REDVCI, Neptune standing left with dolphin and trident.
Ref:- RIC 76 Bust Type A, attributed to Lugdunum

Nice strong portrait and reasonable reverse strike even though the legends are a bit weak.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 115l img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 089 C47 viewsObv:- IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- VICTORIA AVG, Victory, walking left, holding wreath and palm, at foot captive.
Ref:- RIC 89 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum

Very strong portrait and somewhat weak reverse strike as it typical of the type.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 115j img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 093 C55 viewsObv:- IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:- VIRT-VS AVG, Mars, standing right, holding spear and resting on shield.
Ref:- RIC 93 Bust Type C, attributed to Lugdunum
2 commentsmaridvnvm
HENRY_II_Tealby_AR_Penny.JPG
1154 - 1189, HENRY II, AR 'Tealby' Penny, Struck 1158 - 1163 at Canterbury (?), England33 viewsObverse: (HE)NRI • R(EX• A -). Crowned facing bust of Henry II, his head facing slightly to the left, holding sceptre tipped with a cross potent in his right hand. Crown has three vertical uprights each topped by a fleur-de-lis.
Reverse: + (ROGI)ER : ON : (C)A(NT) surrounding short cross potent within beaded circle, small cross potents in each quarter. Moneyer: Rogier, cognate with the modern English name of Roger. Mintmark: Cross potent.
Uncommonly clear Class A bust
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 4
Flan chipped and cracked
SPINK: 1337

For the first few years of Henry II's reign the coins of King Stephen continued to be produced, but in 1158, in order to restore public confidence in the currency, a new 'cross and crosslet' coinage was introduced in England which was of sufficient importance for the contemporary chroniclers to record that 'a new money was made, which was the sole currency of the kingdom.' While this coinage was acceptable in terms of weight and silver quality, it is notorious for its ugly appearance, bad craftsmanship and careless execution. In fact the 'Tealby' coinage is among the worst struck of any issue of English regal coinage, so much so that collectors consider it something of a bonus if they are able to make out the name of the moneyer, or the mint, from the letters showing.
The cross and crosslet type coinage of King Henry II is more often called 'Tealby' because of the enormous hoard of these coins which was found in late 1807 at Bayons Manor farm near Tealby in Lincolnshire. This hoard, which originally amounted to over 5,700 pieces, was first reported in the Stamford Mercury of the 6th November 1807, but unfortunately the majority of the coins, more than 5,000 of them, were sent to be melted at the Tower of London and only some 600 pieces were saved for national and important private collections.
A total of 30 mints were employed in the initial 'Tealby' recoinage, however once the recoinage was completed only 12 mints were permitted to remain active and this marks the beginning of the gradual decline in the number of mints which were used to strike English coins.
The 'Tealby' issue continued until 1180 when a new style coin of much better workmanship, the short-cross penny, was introduced.
2 comments*Alex
Sergius_Silius.jpg
116-115 BC M. Sergius Silus263 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right
EX SC before, ROMA and XVI in monogram gehind

Helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand
M SERGI below, SILVS in ex, Q below horses's forelegs

Rome 116-115 BC

3.91g
VF+

Sear 163, RRC 286/1

This issuer strikes as a quaestor and by special decree of the Senate (EX Senatus Consulto). Quaestors were the immediate superiors of the moneyers and under unusual circumstances occasionally utilized their authority to produce coins.

Ex-Lucernae

2011 Forum Best of Type winner
8 commentsJay GT4
hadrian as-mauretania.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 134-138 AD65 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (draped bust right)
rev: ADVENTVI AVG MAVRITANIAE (Hadrian standing on left, togate, and Mauretania on right, wearing snake head-dress, in short tunic, holding patera over flaming altar between them & vexillum), SC in exergue.
ref: RIC II 900 (Adventus type), C.69(6fr)
11.93gms, 27mm
Scarce
berserker
King_John_AR_Penny.JPG
1199 – 1216, John, AR Short cross penny, Struck 1205 - 1216 at Winchester, England22 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX around central circle enclosing a crowned, draped and bearded facing bust of the king holding a sceptre tipped with a cross pommee in his right hand, bust extending to edge of flan.
Reverse: +ANDREV•ON•WI around voided short cross within circle, crosslets in each quarter. Moneyer: Andrev, cognate with the modern English name of Andrew.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 4
Class 5b
SPINK: 1351

The class four type short cross pennies of Henry II continued to be struck during the early years of John's reign, but in 1205 a recoinage was begun and new short cross pennies of better style replaced the older issues. Sixteen mints were initially employed for this recoinage but they were reduced to ten later on. All John's coins continued to bear his father's (Henry II) title of henricvs rex.

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the first Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
John, the youngest of the five sons of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was not expected to inherit significant lands which resulted in him being given the nickname John Lackland. However, after the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young and when Richard I became king in 1189, John was the potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's administration whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade but despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England.
Contemporary chroniclers were mostly critical of John's performance as king, and his reign has been the subject of much debate by historians from the 16th century onwards. These negative qualities have provided extensive material for fiction writers since the Victorian era, and even today John remains a recurring character within popular culture, primarily as a villain in films and stories regarding the Robin Hood legends.
2 comments*Alex
Philip-I-RIC-026b.jpg
12. Philip I.17 viewsAntoninianus, 245 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG / Philip on horseback, raising right hand and holding a sceptre.
4.21 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #26b; Sear #8916.

Coins with this reverse type were often issued at the beginning of a reign to celebrate "the coming of the emperor." Since Philip became emperor in the East during a war with Persia, it was some time before he was able to conclude the war and return to Rome.
Callimachus
Henry_III_short_cross_penny.JPG
1216 – 1272, Henry III, AR Penny, Struck 1217 - 1242 at London, England (Short cross type)2 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX around central circle enclosing a crowned, draped and bearded facing bust of Henry III holding a sceptre tipped with a cross pommee in his right hand.
Reverse: + GIFFREI ON LVND. Voided short cross dividing legend into quarters, crosslets in each quarter of inner circle. Cross pattée in legend. Moneyer: Giffrei, cognate with the modern English name of Geoffrey.
Issue type 7c, distinguished by the degraded portrait and large lettering.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.1gms | Die Axis: 4
SPINK: 1356C

Henry III was the eldest son of King John and came to the throne at the age of nine. He was king of England from 1216 until his death in 1272, ruling longer than any other English monarch until the reign of George III.
Henry expressed a lifelong interest in architecture and much of what constitutes the Tower of London today is a result of Henry’s work, he added several towers and a curtain wall to expand the White Tower beginning in 1238. Westminster Abbey however, is considered to be Henry's greatest building work. The project began in 1245, when Henry sent his architect Henry de Reynes to visit the French cities of Rheims, Chartres, Bourges and Amiens and Paris’s royal chapel Sainte-Chapelle to learn the Gothic technique that he much admired.
The Westminster Abbey that stood previously on the site had been erected by Edward the Confessor in 1042. Edward the Confessor was a hero of Henry’s, and he probably named his son (the future Edward I) after him. The foundations and crypt are still those of Edward the Confessor’s Abbey, but everything above ground today is the building begun by Henry III. The tomb of Edward the Confessor was moved to a new position of honour in 1269 at the very centre of the new abbey, and when Henry III died in 1272 he was buried beside Edward’s shrine in the exact position the bones of his hero had lain for 200 years.
*Alex
HENRY_III.JPG
1216 – 1272, Henry III, AR Penny, Struck 1248 - 1250 at London, England (Long cross type)45 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX : III. Crowned bust of Henry III facing within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Six pointed star.
Reverse: NICOLE ON LVND. Voided long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle. Moneyer: Nicole, cognate with the modern English name of Nicholas. The surname Nicole originates in the Netherlands where it was notable for its various branches, and associated status or influence. The modern given name Nicole is a French feminine derivative of the masculine given name Nicolas.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 1363

The First Barons' War (1215–1217) was a civil war in England in which a group of rebellious barons led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, waged war against King John of England. The war resulted from King John's refusal to accept and abide by the Magna Carta, which he had been forced to put his seal to on 15th June 1215, as well as from Louis' own ambitions regarding the English throne.
It was in the middle of this war that King John died leaving his son, the nine year old Henry III (who had been moved to safety at Corfe Castle in Dorset along with his mother, Queen Isabella) as his heir.
On his deathbed John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom, requesting that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. The loyalists decided to crown Henry immediately to reinforce his claim to the throne. William knighted the boy, and Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, the papal legate to England, then oversaw his coronation at Gloucester Cathedral on 28th October 1216. In the absence of the archbishops of either Canterbury or York, Henry was anointed by the bishops of Worcester and Exeter, and crowned by Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester. During the civil war the royal crown had been lost, so instead, the ceremony used a simple gold corolla belonging to Queen Isabella. In 1217, Henry's forces, led by William Marshal, finally defeated the rebels at the battles of Lincoln and Sandwich.
Henry's early rule was dominated first by Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Justiciar of England and Ireland, then by Peter des Roches, and they re-established royal authority after the war. In 1225 Henry promised to abide by the final and definitative version of the Magna Carta, freely authenticated by the great seal of Henry III himself, which protected the rights of the major barons and placed a limit on royal power. It is the clauses of this, the 1225 Magna Carta signed by Henry III, not the King John Magna Carta of 1215, which are on the Statute Books of the United Kingdom today.
4 comments*Alex
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-001_6h_27,5mm_9,82g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1291 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 9,82g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_GAL-MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAESS_GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN_KA_RIC-VI-11b_p-580_297-9-AD-Cyzicus_Q-002_0h_27,4-27,8mm_10,54g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2138 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VI 011b, AE-Follis, GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right (large head type).
revers:- GENIO-AVGG-ET-CAESARVM-NN, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder (falls low), holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopiae.
exergo: -/-//KA, diameter: 27,4-27,9mm, weight: 10,54g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 297-299 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-11b,
Q-002
quadrans
Galeria-Valeria_AE-26_GAL-VA-LERIA-AVG_VENERI-VICTRICI_crescent-Gamma_SIS_Siscia-309-310_RIC-211_C--_Q-001_26mm_4,98g-figures.jpg
123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, The decoration on the dress the part of the neck.138 views123 Galeria-Valeria (?-315 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 211var Not in RIC, Crescent/Γ// SIS, AE-Follis, VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, The decoration on the dress the part of the neck.
avers: GAL VALERIA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. The robe around the neck of interesting shapes (some of Victoria or Erotes/Cupid ??) can be seen.
reverse: VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing left, holding the apple and raising skirt, crescent left, Gamma right.
"I would concur that they are Erotes/Cupids. Which, of course, would fit with the reverse type, Erotes being associated with Venus." by Adrianus. Thank you Adrianus.
exergue: -/-//SIS, diameter: 26mm, weight: 4,98g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 307-310 A.D., ref: RIC-211, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_125an_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian - RIC 020 - Bust Type C13 viewsObv:- IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right
Rev:- AETERNIT AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand.
Minted in Rome. N in right field. October – December A.D. 270.
References:- RIC 20. LaVenera 31-2. RIC temp #1595 (17 examples)

Die clash on reverse.
maridvnvm
RI_125af_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian - RIC 357 Bust Type F29 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS INVICTVS, Mars, naked, holding spear, standing right receiving globe from Sol, standing left holding whip in left hand
Minted in Cyzicus mint, 10th emission, officina 3; start to mid 275 CE. (G // XXI).
Reference:– RIC 357 Bust Type F. La Venera 10718. Estiot RIC temp #3076, citing 12 examples.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_125u_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC - Bust Type F130 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INS AVG, Sol standing left raising right hand, holding globe in left hand standing on captive in front, another captive behind
Minted at Ticinum
Reference:– RIC -

This coin is relatively interesting in that it illustrates the use of two different reverse dies being struck with the same obverse die. The coin combines a SOLI INVICTO and and ORIENS AVG, both with star in left field and PXXT in exe from the mint at Ticinum. Shadow strikes can be seen of the other captives and on the head of Sol from the other strike.
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI_125ad_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 00634 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATOR ORBIS, Sol walking left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Lugdunum, (//.A.L.). Emission 3, Officina 1. mid A.D. 275
Reference:– Bastien 7 (17 examples cited). RIC 6 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125h img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 064 Bust Type F44 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol holding bow and branch, trampling an enemy
Minted in Rome (*in left field, XXIR in exe). A.D. 272 - 274
Reference:– RIC 64 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125d img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 064 Bust Type F (E/XXIR)39 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol walking right, holding a laurel-branch and a bow, and treading down an enemy.
Minted in Rome (E in left field, XXIR in exe)
Reference:– RIC 64 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125r img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 133 Bust Type A 23 viewsObverse Legend – IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated draped bust right
Reverse Legend – MARTI PACIF, Mars standing left, holding an olive branch and a transverse spear
Minted in Milan. (P in exe). A.D. 275
Reference:– RIC 133 Bust Type A
maridvnvm
RI_125al_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 133 Bust Type A8 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACI, Mars standing left, holding an olive branch, shield and a transverse spear
Minted in Milan, 2nd emission (Q in exe). Summer A.D. 271
Reference:– RIC 133 Bust Type A (noted also appears with shield). RIC temp #1448 (16 ex.). LV 1801-2
maridvnvm
RI_125ak_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 151 Bust Type F16 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left
Minted in Ticinum. (* | _ //QXXT). Issue 2. June – September A.D. 274
Reference:– RIC 151 Bust Type F. RIC temp #1535 (117 ex.). LV 5065-139
maridvnvm
RI_125ae_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 152 Bust Type F 14 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDEN DEOR, Fides standing right, facing Sol standing left raising right hand and holding globe in left
Minted in Ticinum, (//TXXT).
Reference:– RIC 152 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125i img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 216 Bust Type F47 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORDIA MILITVM, Aurelian and Concord standing facing each other, clasping hands
Minted in Siscia (*Q in exe)
Reference:– RIC 216
A huge bust...

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI 125m img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 220 Bust Type F23 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair
Minted in Siscia (*S in exe)
Reference:– RIC 220 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 125g img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 220 Bust Type F34 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair
Minted in Siscia ([*] T in exe)
Reference:– RIC 220 Bust type F
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 125k img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 225 Bust Type F32 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER, Emperor standing right with scepter accepting globe from Jupiter
Minted in Siscia (*P in exe)
Reference:– RIC 225 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125p img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 225 Bust Type F39 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI CONSER, Emperor standing right with scepter accepting globe from Jupiter
Minted in Siscia (*S in exe)
Reference:– RIC 225 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI_125f_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 294 Bust Type F33 viewsObv:– IMP CL D AVRELIANVS P F AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Orbis Terrarum presenting wreath to Aurelian
Minted in Serdica (* in centre field, KAB in exe)
Reference:– RIC 294 Bust Type F (Scarce, citing Rohde). No examples in La Venera.
maridvnvm
RI 125j img~0.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 349 Bust Type F27 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Orbis Terrarum presenting wreath to Aurelian; suppliant, kneeling figure between them
Minted in Cyzicus (*B in exe)
Reference:– RIC 349 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 125a img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 360 Bust Type F38 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, captive seated at his feet
Minted in Cyzicus, XXI in exe
Reference:– RIC 360 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI 125b img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F40 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars and Aurelian together holding globe
Minted in Cyzicus, 10th emission (A in centre field, XXI in exe). Summer 275 A.D.
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_125ag_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F16 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3080 (8 ex.).

3.75 gms. 25.15 mm.
maridvnvm
RI_125ai_img~0.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (B//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3088 (45 ex.).
maridvnvm
RI_125aj_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (E//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce).
maridvnvm
RI 125e img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 386 Bust Type F44 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Orbis Terrarum presenting wreath to Aurelian
Minted in Antioch (H in centre field, XXI in exe) 5th emission. 274 – 275 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 386 Bust Type F

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI 125c img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 399 Bust Type F32 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVT ORBIS, Orbis Terrarum presenting wreath to Aurelian
Minted at an Unattributed Mint
Reference:– RIC 399 Bust Type F
maridvnvm
RI_125am_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 42 corr. Bust Type F24 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ADVENTVS AVG, Emperor on rearing horse, riding right, brandishing spear at two enemies beneath the horse, one is prostate with arm raised, the other is kneeling with hands raised.
Minted in Rome, 4th emission (Q or inverted Q in exe). Autumn A.D. 273
Reference:– RIC 42 corr. Bust Type F. RIC temp #1648 (16 ex.). LV 163-5
1 commentsmaridvnvm
54Hadrian__RIC126.jpg
126 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-122 AD Hilaritas standing29 viewsReference.
Strack 69; RIC 126; C. 815

IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG .
Laureate bust right

Rev. P M TR P-COS III HI | LAR / P | R across fields
Hilaritas, veiled, standing facing, drawing veil with both hands

3.04 gr
20 mm
h

Note.
Scarce reverse type with facing personification.
Ex Beastcoins
1 commentsokidoki
Edward_I_AR_Penny_Berwick.JPG
1272 - 1307, EDWARD I, AR Penny, Struck 1296 - 1306 at Berwick-on-Tweed, England7 viewsObverse: + EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB. Crowned bust of Edward I facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: VILLA BEREVVICI. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Undated Penny, Class 10 Berwick Type II (Local dies). Issues from this mint are quite rare.
Diameter: 21.5mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 2
SPINK: 1415

Edward I began a major recoinage in 1279 which consisted not only of pennies and new round half-pennies and farthings, but also introduced a new denomination, a fourpenny piece called the "Groat".

In September 1290, upon the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, there arose a number of claimants to the throne of Scotland. The Guardians of Scotland, who were the de facto heads of state until a king was chosen, asked Edward I of England to conduct the court proceedings in the dispute because the late King Alexander III had been married to Edward's sister, Margaret of England.
John Balliol, a descendant of King David I, was chosen and he was inaugurated at Scone, on St. Andrew's Day, 30 November 1292. But Edward I treated both Baliol and Scotland with contempt and demanded military support for his war against France. The Scottish response was to form an alliance with the French, invade England, and launch an attack on Carlisle.
After the failure of the Scottish attack on Carlisle, Edward I marched north and, on 28th March 1296, he crossed the river Tweed which borders the two countries, with his troops. On the following day he marched on the town of Berwick, which was Scotland's most important trading port and second only to London in economic importance in medieval Britain at that time.
Contemporary accounts of the number slain range anywhere from 4,000 to 20,000. ”When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred...So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.” - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon.
Berwick's garrison was commanded by William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas, whose life and those of his garrison were spared after he surrendered and the English took the castle.
Berwick was recaptured by the Scots in 1318 but the town changed hands between the two countries several times during the following years until it was finally captured for the English by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the future Richard III of England, in 1482. The Scots however, did not accept this conquest for at least two centuries after this date as is evidenced by innumerable charters.
2 comments*Alex
1305_-1306_Edward_I_LONDON_PENNY.JPG
1272 - 1307, EDWARD I, AR Penny, Struck 1305 - 1306 at London, England14 viewsObverse: + EDWAR ANGL DNS HYB. Crowned bust of Edward I facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle.
Undated Penny, type 10cf1
Diameter: 18.5mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 9
SPINK: 1410

Edward I began a major recoinage in 1279 which consisted not only of pennies and new round half-pennies and farthings, but also introduced a new denomination, a fourpenny piece called the "Groat".

Edward I was King of England from 1272 – 1307. He was the eldest surviving son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. The contests between his father and the barons led by Simon de Montfort called Edward early into active life when he restored the royal authority within months by defeating and killing de Montfort at the battle of Evesham in 1265. He then proceeded to Palestine, where no conquest of any importance was achieved. After further campaigns in Italy and France he returned to England on his father's death and was crowned at Westminster Abbey in 1274.
Edward was popular because he identified himself with the growing tide of nationalism sweeping the country, displayed later in his persecution and banishment of the Jews which was the culmination of many years of anti-semitism in England.
Edward now turned his attention to the mountainous land to the west which had never been completely subdued. So, following a revolt in the Principality of Wales against English influence, Edward commenced a war which ended in the annexation of the Principality to the English Crown in 1283. He secured his conquest by building nine castles to watch over it and created his eldest son, Edward the Prince of Wales in 1301.
Edward's great ambition, however, was to gain possession of Scotland, but the death of Margaret, the Maid of Norway, who was to have been married to Edward's son, for a time frustrated the king's designs. However the sudden death of the King of Scotland, Alexander III, and the contested succession soon gave him the opportunity to intervene. He was invited by the Scots to arbitrate and choose between the thirteen competitors for the Scottish throne. Edward's choice, John Balliol, who he conceived as his puppet, was persuaded to do homage for his crown to Edward at Newcastle but was then forced to throw off Edward's overlordship by the indignation of the Scottish people. An alliance between the French and the Scots now followed, and Edward, then at war with the French king over possession of Gascony, was compelled to march his army north. Edward invaded Scotland in 1296 and devastated the country, which earned him the sobriquet 'Hammer of the Scots'. It was at this time that the symbolic Stone of Destiny was removed from Scone. Edward's influence had tainted Balliol's reign and the Scottish nobility deposed him and appointed a council of twelve to rule instead. Balliol abdicated and was eventually sent to France where he retired into obscurity, taking no more part in politics. Scotland was then left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in 1306.
Meanwhile Edward assumed the administration of the country. However the following summer a new opposition to Edward took place under William Wallace whose successes, notably at Stirling Bridge, forced Edward to return to Scotland with an army of 100,000 men. Although he defeated Wallace's army at Falkirk, and Wallace himself was betrayed, Edward's unjust and barbaric execution of him as a traitor in London made Wallace a national hero in Scotland, and resistance to England became paramount among the people. All Edward's efforts to reduce the country to obedience were unravelling, and after the crowning of Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, as Robert I of Scotland in 1306 an enraged Edward assembled another army and marched yet again against the Scots. However, Edward only reached Burgh-on-Sands, a village near Carlisle, when he died. His body was taken back to London and he was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Edward I was married twice: to Eleanor of Castile, by whom he had sixteen children, and Margaret of France by whom he had three. Twelve memorials to his first wife stood between Nottingham and London to mark the journey taken by her funeral cortege. Three of those memorials, known as “Eleanor Crosses”, can still be seen today at Geddington, Hardingstone near Northampton and Waltham Cross. London's Charing Cross is also named after one, but the original was demolished in 1647 and the monument seen there today is a Victorian replica.
1 comments*Alex
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
II_Bela_(1131-1141_AD)_U-045_C1-061_H-053_Q-002_10h_10,2mm_0,19g-s.jpg
13.07. Béla II., (Béla II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 13.07./d1.02./?., H-053, CNH I.-061, U-045, #01109 views13.07. Béla II., (Béla II. the Blind), King of Hungary, (1131-1141 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 13.07./d1.02./?., H-053, CNH I.-061, U-045, #01
avers: + BELA RX, Three stabs ending in a cross, the border of dots.
reverse: Wedges in place of the legend, cross in a circle with wedges in the angles, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter:10,2 mm, weight: 0,19 g, axis:10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-053, CNH I.-061, Unger-045,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 13.07./d1.02./?., New subtype/sigla variation!,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_130bm_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 092 Bust Type C14 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; at feet to left, globe.
Minted in Rome (//XXIA) Emission 2. November – December A.D. 275
Reference:– RIC 92 Bust Type C..Estiot Temp No. 3474 LV 7-37
maridvnvm
RI_130bi_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus23 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (H//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4096
maridvnvm
RI_130bj_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus14 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (D//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4091
maridvnvm
RI_130bl_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 214 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus15 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. (or walking) left, holding olive branch in right hand, spear and shield which rests on ground in left hand
Minted in Tripolis (* | _ //IA) Emission 2. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 214 Bust Type C (R). Estiot Temp No. 4114 (11 examples)
maridvnvm
RI 130ah img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 014 (No Marks)25 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left with scales and cornucopia
Minted in Lugdunum (No Marks)
References:– RIC 14 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 130ag img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 026 (BA in exe)20 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (BA in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 2, in early 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 45. Bastien 56 (3 3examples cited), RIC 26 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 130k img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 027 (BA in exe)36 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (BA in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 2, in early 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 47. Bastien 57 (41), RIC 27 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_130f_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 030 (B in left field | * in right field) 22 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field | * in right field), between May to June A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 57 (corr.), Bastien 96, RIC 30 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI_130bg_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 030 (B in left field | * in right field)9 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field | * in right field), between May to June A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 57 (corr.), Bastien 96, RIC 30 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130aq img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 030 (B in left field | A in right field)21 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field | A in right field) March – April A.D.276
References:– Cohen 57 (corr.), Bastien 79. RIC 30 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130c img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 030 (B, Retrograde, in left field | * in right field)36 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Lugdunum (Retrograde B in left field | * in right field) between A.D. 275 - 276
References:– Cohen 57 (corr.), Bastien 100, 30 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130d img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 030 (C in left field | * in right field)93 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Lugdunum (C in left field | *in right field), Emission 7, Officina 3, between A.D. May to June 276
References:– Cohen 57, Bastien 103, RIC 30 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130ab img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 033 (B in left field | * in right field)21 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AETERNA, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (B in left field | * in right field), between May to June A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 64, Bastien 97, RIC 33 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130af img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 033 Bust Type C var (DA in exe)25 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (DA in exe), Emission 3 Officina 4. Early A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 64, Bastien 65, RIC 33 Bust Type C var. (Not listed for this officina in RIC). Estiot 1185. La Venera 1800. Minster hoard 316
maridvnvm
RI 130t img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 041 var.72 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field / IIII in exe), Emission 8, Officina 4, between June and July A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 74, RIC Unlisted 41 var. Bastien 120. Bust Type C, not listed with this officina
maridvnvm
RI 130aj img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 04324 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (* in right field / III in exe), Emission 8, Officina 3, between June and July A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 77, RIC 43 Bust Type C. Bastien 116
maridvnvm
RI 130w img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 04434 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks), Emission 1, October to December A.D. 275
References:– Cohen 81, RIC 44 Bust Type C. Bastien 29 (1 example).
Weight 3.90 gms.
Size 22.74 mm
maridvnvm
RI_130n_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 04524 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, between October and December A.D. 275
References:– Cohen Unlisted, Bastien 34, RIC 45 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI_130au_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 04722 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVID D AVG (sic), Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopia; at foot, globe
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, from October to December A.D. 275
References:– Bastien 44 (8 examples cited). RIC 47 Bust Type C
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 130ap img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 04825 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVID DEOR, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopia; at foot, globe
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, from October to December A.D. 275
References:– Bastien ??. RIC 48 Bust Type C

A double struck reverse gives an odd depiction of Providentia.
maridvnvm
RI_130ad_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 049 52 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVID DEOR, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopia; at foot, globe
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, from October to December A.D. 275
References:– Cohen 64. Bastien 41. RIC 49 Bust Type C

A youthful portrait of this elderly senator (75 years old) promoted to Emperor by the Senate.
2 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 130x img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 055 (BA)27 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Victory standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding spear
Minted in Lugdunum (BA in exe), Emission 3 Officina 2, Early A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 108, Bastien 60, RIC 55 Bust Type C
Weight 4.08 gms
Size 22.39 mm
maridvnvm
RI 130an img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 057 (C | *)22 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salvs standing right, feeding snake in hand
Minted in Lugdunum (C in left field, * in right field), Emission 5 Officina 3, March to April 286 A.D
References:– Cohen 125, Bastien 106, RIC 57 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI_130av_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 0609 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower & lifting hem of dress
Minted in Lugdunum (B | * / _) Emission 5 Officina 3. March to April 286 A.D.
Reference(s) – Cohen 139. Bastien 99 (15 examples). RIC 60 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_130ac_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 061 (CA)18 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, holding flower & lifting hem of dress
Minted in Lugdunum (CA in exe), Emission 3 Officina 3, Early A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 137, RIC 61 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI_130z_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 064 var. Bust Type C (Delta in left field | A in right field)23 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Delta in left field | A in right field)
References:– Cohen 143, Bastien 84 (11 examples), RIC 64 var. Bust Type C (not listed with these field marks in RIC)
Martin Griffiths
RI_130g_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (A in left field | * in right field)13 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field| * in right field), Emission 7, Officina 1, from May to June A.D. 276
References:– Cohen 144, Bastien 93, RIC 65 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI 130i img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (A in left field | A in right field)35 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field | A in right field), Emission 5, Officina 1, from March to April A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 144, RIC 65 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 130am img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (A in left field | A in right field) – 16 views18 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field | A in right field), Emission 5, Officina 1, from March to April A.D. 286
References:– Cohen 144, RIC 65 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_130q_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (D in left field | * in right field)14 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Delta in left field | * in right field)
References:– Cohen 144, Bastien 109, RIC 65 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI 130y img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (D in left field | A in right field)29 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Delta in left field | A in right field)
References:– Cohen 144, RIC 65 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI_130aa_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 (D in left field | A in right field)12 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (Delta in left field | A in right field)
References:– Cohen 144, RIC 65 Bust Type C. Bastien 85
Martin Griffiths
RI_130v_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 065 var (* in left field | A in right field)12 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (* in left field | A in right field)
References:– Cohen 144, Bastien 94 (1 example), RIC 65 var. Bust Type C, not listed with this combination of field marks in RIC
Martin Griffiths
RI_130ae_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 06823 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTV-S AVG, Mars standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (_), Emission 1 Officina _. October to December A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 68. Bastien 47. RIC 68 Bust Type C
Martin Griffiths
RI 130r img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 06933 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Mars standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, from October to December A.D. 275
References:– Cohen 172, Bastien 48, RIC 69 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI_130bh_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 06918 viewsObv:– IMP C CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (no marks), Emission 1, from October to December A.D. 275
References:– Cohen 172, Bastien 48, RIC 69 Bust Type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 130ai img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 127 corr. var34 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor, standing right, receiving globe from soldier standing left, holding spear
Minted in Cyzicus (//Q) Emission 3 Officina 4. A.D.
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC 127 corr. var Bust type F (Unlisted with this bust type in RIC. RIC attributes to Ticinum but corrected to Cyzicus by Estiot). Not in LaVenera. Estiot Paris Catalog p. 427: two spec. in Vienna.
maridvnvm
RI 130e img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 14522 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIF, Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield
Minted in Ticinum (S in exe)
References:– RIC 145 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI 130o img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 15234 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDE AVG, Providentia standing left holding globe and transverse sceptre
Minted in Ticinum (Qin exe)
References:– RIC 152 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI_130aw_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 181 var Bust Type C21 viewsObv:– IMP C M CLA TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left with scales and cornucopia
Minted in Siscia (//P) Emission 1 Officina 1.
Reference:– Cohen 10. LV 1660. RIC 181 Bust type C var (RIC 181 is _|P)
maridvnvm
RI 130p img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 187 var. Bust Type F33 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left holding olive branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Serdica (Q in right field / XXI in exe)
Reference :- Cohen -. RIC 187 var. Bust Type F (Not listed in Cohen or RIC with this bust type)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_130ae_img~0.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 68 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTV-S AVG, Mars standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (_), Emission 1 Officina _. October to December A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 68. Bastien 47. RIC V pt I, 68 Bust Type C
maridvnvm
RI_130ax_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC unlisted Bust Type C28 viewsObv:– CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONSERVAT MILIT, Mars standing right, holding spear, handing globe to emeperor, standing left, in military dress, holding a sceptre.
Minted in Serdica (//S) Emission 1 Officina 2.
Reference(s) – Cohen -. LV -. (No coins with this short obverse legend in LV, LV 2386 is the same type but with IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG). RIC unlisted Bust type C var (RIC doesn’t include this short legend, RIC doesn’t include this set of officina marks for Serdica).

The following information came courtesy of Barry Murphy:-

This is recorded by Estiot and a specimen is illustrated on pl. 95, #449. Estiot's source is Zanchi, "Quelques nouveaux antoniens de Serdica (274-277)," in SchweizerMunzblatter 120 (1980)
This obverse legend is also recorded with the reverse CONSERVATOR MILITVM.
maridvnvm
RI_130ay_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - Siscia mint unlisted25 viewsObv:– IMP C M CLA TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax advancing left holding branch and transverse sceptre
Minted in Siscia (Q in left field)
References:– RIC -. La Venera -. Estiot p. 368, specimens in Vienna and Sirmium Hoard.

There are no examples of this coin in LaVenera though there is an equivalent coin with the Q in exe, LV 1799 (2 examples cited, 2234-2235). The usual type is Pax standing.
maridvnvm
RI 130al img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - Ticinum mint unlisted127 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising from altar
Minted in Ticinum (//T) Emission 1. October to December A.D. 275
Reference:- RIC Unlisted (This reverse type is not listed in RIC)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_130bc_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - Ticinum mint unlisted105 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising from altar
Minted in Ticinum (//T) Emission 1. October to December A.D. 275
Reference:- RIC Unlisted (This reverse type is not listed in RIC)

Weight 4.00g. 22.01mm.
maridvnvm
MaxHercRIC5iiRome.jpg
1302a, Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.47 viewsMaximianus AE Antoninianus. RIC V Part II 506 Bust Type C. Cohen 355; VF; Minted in Rome A.D. 285-286. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right; Rverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt & scepter, XXIZ in exergue. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
RI 131h img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 00732 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATOR ORBIS, Sol running left, holding up right hand, whip in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//III) Emission 3 Officina 3. August A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 7 Bust type F. Cohen 46. Bastien 137
maridvnvm
RI_131i_img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 00911 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATOR ORBIS, Sol running left, holding up right hand, whip in left
Minted in Lugdunum (//III) Emission 3 Officina 3. August A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 9 Bust type F.
Martin Griffiths
RI_131e_img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 0106 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopia; at foot, globe.
Minted in Lugdunum (III in exe) Emission 3 Officina 3. September to October A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 10 Bust type C. Cohen 75. Bastien 148
Martin Griffiths
RI_131f_img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 011 var Bust Type C 24 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing right, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks) Emission 1. Start August A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 11 var Bust type C (Not listed without marke in RIC). Cohen 88 (note Cohen lists as Radiate, draped in error). Bastien 124 (12 examples cited)
Martin Griffiths
RI 131j img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 012 Bust Type C13 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing right, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (//I) Emission 3 Officina 1. August A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 89. Bastien 146. RIC 12 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 131c img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 01535 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe)
Reference:– RIC 15 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI_131c_img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 0156 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Lugdunum (III in exe) Emission 3 Officina 3, from September to October A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 105. Bastien 149. RIC 15 Bust type C
Martin Griffiths
RI_131a_img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - RIC V part II Lugdunum 016 79 viewsObv:– IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor advancing right, holding a shield and spear, treading down captive.
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe) Emission 3 Officina 4, from September to October A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen 107. Bastien 150. RIC 16 Bust type C
3 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 131g img.jpg
131 - Florian Antoninianus - Ticinum mint unlisted115 viewsObv:– IMP M ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS PVBLI, Salus standing right, feeding serpent held in arms
Minted i