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Marius.JPG
207 viewsGALLIC EMPIRE -- MARIUS
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG Draped, cuirassed and radiated bust right
VICTO - Ri - A AV - G Victoria walking right
with full silvering

gb29400
2 commentsgb29400
PHILIP1-4.jpg
33 viewsPhilip I - Billon tetradrachm - Year 1 (244)
Ob. A K M IOV ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟC EV CEB; laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: L A; Dikaiosyne stg. left, with cornucopiae and scales
Gs. 12,2 mm. 22,1. Totally silvered
Maxentius
NUMERIANO-1.jpg
31 viewsNVMERIANVS - Silvered AE Antoninianus - Lugdunum mint, 283/284 AD
Obv.: IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev.: PAX AVGG, Pax standing left holding branch & scepter, B to left.
Gs. 5,1 mm. 22,8
Cohen 43, RIC 393

Maxentius
GALERIUS-2.jpg
34 viewsGALERIVS - Silvered AE Follis - 297-298 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTΓ in ex.
Gs. 10,5 mm. 27,5
Cohen 78, RIC 20b
Maxentius
Hera_1_.jpg
11 viewsAE 3, 16mm/2.95gm, fully silvered, struck c. 318 AD

Obv/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; laur. and dr. bust r., holding in globe and sceptre in l. hand and mappa in r. hand.
Rev/ PROVIDENTIAE CAESS; Campgate, three towers, lamda in r. field.; SMH gamma in exergue.
Ref/ RIC VOL VII, 49
Mayadigger
coin633.jpg
26 viewsIt is a copper lion of Mary Queen of Scots.
It is also known as a "hardhead", they were issued
1555-1560. It contains about 10% silver. they
were valued at three halfpence Scots, and were
equal in value to the french denier. The coin carries
the monogram FM, which appeared on her coinage
after her husband, the Dauphin, became Francis II
of France, on 10th July 1559. Francis died in 1560,
so this was issued within that period. Coin #633

cars100
26531q00.jpg
100 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Prieur 720 (1 example), SNG Paris 2331, Weber -, VF, 13.043g, 26.9mm, 180o, Aegeae mint, 132 - 133 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIS TRAIA ADRIANO SEB P P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOUS •QOR• AIGEAIWN, eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, goat in ex; rare;

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

ex FORVM
dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
hadrian_denarius_clementia.jpg
118 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Silver denarius, BMCRE III 536, RIC II 206, RSC 218, EF, 3.046g, 19.9mm, 180o, Rome mint, 132 - 134 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse CLEMENTIA AVG COS III P P, Clementia standing half left, patera in right, long vertical scepter in left
Coin and photo ex. Forum
3 commentspaul1888
Phokis_Federal_Triobal.jpg
92 viewsPHOKIS FEDERAL COINAGE AR TRIOBOL
C. 445-420 BC
Obv: Facing bulls head
Rev: Head of Artemis in incuse square
Super metal and detail
Williams 242a pl 8 (this coin)
2.97g
14mm

Ex. Roderick T Williams Collection, Baldwin's Auction 75, September 26, 2012, lot 2274.

Published: Silver Coinage of the Phokians, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 7 (London, 1972), 242a Plate 8
5 commentspaul1888
Otacilia_hippo.jpg
63 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I (A.D. 244-249), Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, fourth officina, A.D. 248, diademed draped bust of Otacilia right, on crescent, OTACIL SEVERA AVG, rev., SAECVLARES AVGG, hippopotamus standing right, IIII in exergue, (RCV 9160; RIC 116b),

Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1048.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson
Ex: Kirk Davis Catalog of Ancient Coins, No. 61, Lot 84

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $95.00.
1 commentspaul1888
LT26b-1862.jpg
88 viewslordmarcovan
Pseudo_Rhodian.jpg
93 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage; Silver drachm, Ashton Pseudo-Rhodian Mainland pp. 29 - 30, Larissa Hoard p. 241 (N. Greece), SNG Keckman 793 - 795 (Thessaly), SNG Cop suppl. 358 (Peraea Rodia), EF, rose toning on luster, uncertain Thessaly mint, weight 2.675g, maximum diameter 16.8mm, die axis 180o, magistrate Hermias, c. 171 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse ERMIAS (magistrate), rose, with bud right, I - W flanking stem

Ex: Forum (coin and picture)
6 commentspaul1888
1170076l.jpg
61 viewsGREEK COIN. MACEDON. Neapolis. AR Hemidrachm, circa 424-350 BC.
Obv: Facing Gorgoneion with protruding tongue.
Rev: Head of Nymph right within circular incuse.
Silver. 1.97 grams.
SNG ANS.430
2 commentspaul1888
Marcus_Aurelius_denarius.jpg
48 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Silver Denarius (3.62 g), as Caesar, AD 138-161. Rome, under Antoninus Pius, AD 148/9. AVRELIVS CA-ESAR AVG PII F, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Reverse: TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, holding inverted spear and grounded shield. RIC 444; BMC 683; RSC 618. Ex: Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin, October 1975, lot A-805.1 commentspaul1888
Hadrian_Denarius_Egypt_New.jpg
40 viewsHadrian (A.D. 117 - 138), Silver Denarius. Mint of Rome, struck A.D. 134 - 138. HADRIANVS - AVG COS III P P, bare head of Hadrian facing right, rev. AEGYPTOS, Aegyptos reclining left, holding a sistrum, her left arm resting on a basket, an Ibis at her feet, 3.48g, 6h (C. 99; RIC 297)2 commentspaul1888
lot943919.jpg
21 viewsFaustina II. Silver Denarius (3.27 g), Augusta, AD 147-175. Rome, under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164/5. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Faustina II right, with single circle of pearls around head. Reverse: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. Unpublished in the standard references without the peacock. Normally a peacock is shown standing at the feet of Juno on the reverse. On this coin, the bird is missing.Quant.Geek
Silver_Ansei_1_BU-GIN_Ichibu_Gin_Japan_Old_coin_EDO.jpg
31 views1 commentsAntonivs Protti
MUGHALS-FARUKHSIYAR-AKBARABAD_MINT-ONE_RUPEE-RAREST_SILVER_COIN-84s-l1600.jpg
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHAL_INDIA_-_AHMED_SHAH_-_SHAHJAHANABAD_MINT_-_ONE_RUPEE_-FULL_MINT-_SILVER.jpg
13 viewsAntonivs Protti
MUGHALS-AURANGZEB-HALF_RUPEE-AH1096-SURAT_MINT-RAREST_SILVER_COIN-53.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-26s-l500_(9).jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-27600.jpg
9 viewsAntonivs Protti
DELHI_SULTANATE-ALAUDDIIN_MOHAMMED_KHILJI-ONE_RUPEE-BEAUTIFUL_SILVER_COIN-180_(9).jpg
8 viewsAntonivs Protti
INDIA_-_CHAUHANS_OF_RANASTAMBHAPURA_(RANTHAMBHOR)_JAITRA_SIMHA_-_SILVER_DRACHM0.jpg
12 viewsAntonivs Protti
Album-2159_1.jpg
11 viewsIlkhanids. Gaykhatu (AH 690-694 / AD 1291-1295) silver Dirham AH 691 (AD 1291/2) XF, mint off flan, 2.31g, A-2159.1. Quant.Geek
Bolskan_denarius.jpg
15 viewsAncient Greek
SPAIN
Bolskan. Circa 150-100 BC
AR denarius
Bearded male head right / Horseman riding right, holding spear
4.05 g, 17-18 mm, silver
ACIP 1417; SNG BM Spain 710
[Ex Kallman Collection, purchased from Malter Galleries, March 1971]
paul1888
Philip_I_antelope_right_VI_june_22_2018.jpg
25 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC IV 22 (R2), RSC IV 188, SRCV III 8959 var. (antelope left), Hunter III 48 var. (same), Choice aEF, excellent centering on a broad flan, excellent portrait, light toning, some luster, strike slightly soft/flat, some die wear, 6th officina, Rome mint, weight 4.402g, maximum diameter 23.8mm, die axis 0o, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG, antelope walking right, VI in exergue; very rare with antelope right (only two on Coin Archives and one sold for $700!; ex Beast Coins; Ex Forum coin and picture1 commentspaul1888
Klazomenai_Silver_Hemidrachm.jpg
24 viewsIonia, Klazomenai. Silver Hemidrachm (1.99 g), ca. 380-360 BC. Kronax, magistrate. Laureate head of Apollo facing slightly left. Reverse: KΛ-A below, swan standing left; around, magistrate's name: KPΩ-NAΞ. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 16ff; cf. BMC 23ff. Very Rare.
From the Lee Rousseau Collection; Ex Gorny & Mosch 200 (12 October 2011), 1799.
The dies used to strike this handsome hemidrachm of Klazomenai are possibly the work of the famous artist Theodotos: they are reminiscent of the tetradrachm from dies of his that he signed in the British Museum's collection.
2 commentspaul1888
Trajan.jpg
66 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex61 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
constantius84.jpg
Constantius II RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia26 viewsSilvered AE 22
Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG: pearl diademed, draped bust right.
Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing a fallen horseman who is bearded, wears cap, reaching backwards.
Dot SMNA gamma ex. Gamma in left field.
RIC VIII 84 Nicomedia. 21.81 mm., 4.8 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
geta1s.jpg
Geta, silver Denarius.198 - 209 CE as Caesar. Laodiciea ad Mare, Syria. 25 viewsGeta Denarius. Laodicea mint, 199 CE
Obverse; P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right
Reverse; MINERV SANCT, Minerva standing left leaning on a shield & holding reversed spear.
19.1mm, 3.1 g
RSC 83. Geta Denarius, RIC 105a, RSC 83, BMC 750
NORMAN K
licinius9a.jpg
Licinius I, AE follis. RIC 9a Cyzicus. 32 viewsSilvered Follis
Obverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate, draped, wearing royal mantle, bust left, holding globe, sceptre and map.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre.
Wreath in left field, A in right field.
Mintmark dot SMK., 18.3 mm., 2.7 g.

RIC VII Cyzicus 9a
NORMAN K
klm1.jpg
Philip I. RIC 28c Rome20 viewsSilver Antoninian of Philippus I, 244-249 CE
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, holding corn-ears over
a modius left and cornucopiae.
Rome mint: 246 CE (5th Issue, 5th Officina) = RIC IViii, 28c, page 71 - Cohen 25
21.3 mm., 3.9 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
Silver_drachm_of_King_Kumaragupta_I_(414_-_455_AD),_Gupta_Empire.jpg
Silver drachm of King Kumaragupta I (414 - 455 AD), Gupta Empire32 viewsBust of king, right / Formalized Garuda standing facing with spread wings. In Brahmi:'Parama-bhagavata rajahiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya'. 14 mm, 2.2 grams. Mitchiner ACW 4845 - 4854.Antonio Protti
tacitus82.jpg
Tacitus Silvered Antoninianus RIC V 8218 viewsTacitus Silvered Antoninianus 275-276 CE.
Obverse: IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aeqvitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
22.4 mm., 3.6 g. Rome mint
NORMAN K
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Diocletian_Carthage_RIC_31a-sm2.jpg
1 Diocletian33 viewsDiocletian. A.D. 284-305. Æ follis (29.4 mm, 10.61 g, 6 h). Carthage, A.D. 299-303. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left, holding fruit in both hands; A in exergue. RIC 31a. VF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013
Sosius
63430q00.jpg
10 Vespasian and Titus29 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Antioch, Syria

Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 113, McAlee 336, RPC II 1947, Wruck 86, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.89g, maximum diameter 24.3mm, die axis 0o, 70 - 71 A.D.; obverse ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤ ΚΑΙΣΑ ΟΥΕΣΠΑΣΙΑΝΟΥ, laureate bust right; reverse ETOYC Γ IEPOY (Holy Year 3), eagle standing left on club, wings spread, palm frond left; ex CNG auction 149, lot 286; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection, ex Harmer Rooke (26-28 March 1973), lot 488 (part of).

Struck to pay Titus' legions during and after the First Jewish Revolt. RPC notes c. 320 different dies indicate 6,500,000 Syrian tetradrachms might have been minted. This was the quantity Titus would have needed to pay his four legions. Hoard evidence finds many of these types in Judaea confirming they were used to pay the legions.

Purchased from FORVM!
RI0002
Sosius
Trajan_Den.jpg
14 Trajan16 viewsTrajan
Silver denarius, Rome mint
weight 3.150g, maximum diameter 19.3mm, die axis 180o
112 - 114 A.D.
IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right / S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; uneven toning
RIC II 271, RSC II 404, BMCRE III 424, Fine
Purchased from FORVM
RI0115
Sosius
39218q00.jpg
23.5 Septimius Severus - overstrike of Pescennius Niger Denarius56 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 377 or similar, F, overstruck, 2.118g, 19.3mm, 180o, Emesa mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II (or similar), laureate head right; reverse FORTVN REDVC (or similar), Fortuna standing left, cornucopia in left, rudder (?) in right

Purchased from FORVM
RI0129
3 commentsSosius
33782q00.jpg
29 Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.27 viewsSilver denarius, BMCRE V 234, RIC IV 161, RSC III 300a, EF, 2.693g, 19.8mm, 180o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory flying left holding diadem in both hands, at each side a small shield, star right

Purchased from FORVM
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VII_Heraclea_18b_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius33 viewsGALERIUS
Silvered Follis, Heraclea, 297-298 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, head l. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, HT epsilon in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 20b
Sosius
Tacitus_RIC_93var_tflip.jpg
4 Tacitus17 viewsTACITUS
Silvered Antoninianus, Rome
275-276 A.D.
IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / SALVS AVG, Salus standing left by altar, holding sceptre, and feeding serpent rising from altarXXI delta in ex.
Estiot 0128, La Venera hoard 1855; RIC 93 var (standing). VF
Sosius
Tacitus_Ant_Estiot_2228_not_in_RIC-sm.jpg
4 Tacitus49 viewsTacitus.
A.D. 275-276.
Æ antoninianus (22.6 mm, 3.62 g, 12 h). Siscia Mint
IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse scepter; Q in right field. Estiot 2228; La Venera 2228-30; RIC temp 3651 (http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3651).
gVF, silvered.
Ex Agora Auctions
Thanks for FORVM member Quadrans for his help attributing this coin!
1 commentsSosius
Tacitus_Ant_RIC_145.jpg
4 Tacitus54 viewsTacitus. A.D. 275-276. Æ antoninianus (22.2 mm, 4.13 g, 6 h). Rome mint, A.D. 276. IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding branch, spear and shield; S in exergue. RIC 145. gVF, partially silvered.
Ex. Agora Auctions, Aug 2014, from collection of Dave Surber, founder of wildwinds.com
3 commentsSosius
Severus_II_Serdica_24.jpg
5 Severus II27 viewsSEVERUS II
Silvered Follis, Serdica Mint, 306-307 AD

O: IMP C FL VAL SEVERVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing naked l., modius on hd., holding patera from which liquid flows, and cornucopiae, delta to r., SM dot SD dot in ex.

RIC VI Serdica 24. aVF, Rare. Silvering brighter on reverse than obverse.
Sosius
Probus_Siscia_RIC_720.jpg
6 Probus31 viewsPROBUS
Silvered Antoninianus, Siscia
IMP C PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust r. / PROVIDENT AVG, Providentia standing left, holding, globe and scepter, XXIVI in exergue
RIC V-2 Siscia 720
Sosius
Licinius_Unid_2.jpg
8 Licinius50 viewsLICINIUS I
AE Follis, Nicomedia, 313-317 AD

IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre, eagle with wreath to left, A in r. field, SMN in ex.

RIC VII Nicomedia 13, VF/EF, silvered. R1.
Sosius
Licinius_Unid_3.jpg
8 Licinius37 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Antioch, 312 AD

IMP C LIC LICINNIVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / GENIO-AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, naked, modius on head, chlamys over left shoulder, holding head of Sol and cornucopia, star in l. field, H in r. field, ANT in ex.

RIC VI Antioch 164a. EF about 60% silvered.
1 commentsSosius
Licinius_Unid_1.jpg
8 Licinius20 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Cyzicus, 317-320

IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust l., sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand / IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter stading left, holding Victory on globe and scepter, wreath in l. field, gamma in r. field, SMK in ex.

RIC VII Cyzicus 9, VF, silvering, scarce.
Sosius
Licinius_RIC_Thess_33.jpg
8 Licinius33 viewsLICINIUS I
Silvered Follis, Thessalonica mint, 318-319 AD

O: LICI-NIVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust r.
R: VOT XX / MVLT / dot XXX dot / TS dot A dot in four lines within wreath.

RIC VII Thessalonica 33, VF, silvered, scarce.
Sosius
Magnia_Urbica_Ant_RIC_V_347_-_sm.jpg
8.5 Magnia Urbica49 viewsMagnia Urbica. Augusta, AD 283-285. Antoninianus (21mm, 2.17 g, 12h). Ticinum mint. 5th emission, August AD 283. Diademed and draped bust right, set on crescent / Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; shield at side; SXXIT. RIC V 347; Pink VI/2 p. 29. Good VF, green patina with partial silvering, earthen highlights.2 commentsSosius
Numerian_RIC_386.jpg
9 Numerian24 viewsNUMERIAN
Silvered Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP CM AVR NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate bust r. / MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy, retrograde C in r. field.
Lyons RIC V-2, 386, gVF fully silvered
Would clean up beautifully if I had the courage!
Sosius
DIVO_NVMERIANO~0.jpg
9 Numerian44 viewsNUMERIAN
Silvered Antoninianus, Rome Mint, 284 AD
DIVO NVMERIANO, Radiate bust r. / CONSECRATIO, Altar with flame, KA crescent A in ex.
RIC V-II Rome 426
Sosius
Jannaeus_Pendant_1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus Prutah Pendant32 viewsOBV:BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ (of King Alexander),
around anchor
REV:star made of eight pellets surrounded by diadem
and possible inscription
Hendin 470, Meshorer TJC J11, Jerusalem mint
103 - 76 B.C.
Set in Silver Pendant
goldenancients
Thessaly-Pseudo-Rhodian-drachm-091100-frame-temp.png
Ancient Greece (Thessaly), silver pseudo-Rhodian drachm struck by King Perseus of Macedon, ca. 175-170 BC26 views1 commentslordmarcovan
AncientRomanEmpire-AR-denarius-Otho-062500.jpg
Ancient Rome (Imperial): silver denarius of Otho, ca. January-April, 69 AD29 viewslordmarcovan
den1s.jpg
Antoninus Pius 131-168 CE26 viewsSilver denarius, RSC II 155, RIC III 430, VF, Rome mint, 2.8 g, 18.4mm, 161 CE Obverse: DIVVS ANTONININVS, Bare head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right on altar head turned.
NORMAN K
antpvs.jpg
Antoninus Pius 138 – 161 CE26 viewsSilver denarius, RIC III 276, RSC II 1037, Rome mint, 2.4g, 16.8mm, 157-158 CE.
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right.
Reverse: TR POT XXI COS IIII, Aequitas standing left holding balance and cornucopia.
Rome Mint
NORMAN K
18d1.jpg
Aurelian RIC 192 Siscia19 viewsAugust or September 270 - October or November 275 CE
Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 192, Siscia mint, 3.9g, 21.1mm, 271 CE.
Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing half left, holding two standards, Q (=4th officina) right.
NORMAN K
au64.jpg
Aurelian RIC 64 Rome 274-275 CE9 viewsAurelian silvered Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left with hand raised, foot on bound captives.
Episilon in left field, XXIR in ex. Rome mint
RIC 64
21.9.6 mm., 4.5 g.
NORMAN K
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
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Constantine II, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC VII, 157, 326-328 CE27 views

Constantine II, AE3, 326-328, Thessalonica, Officina 4
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMTSD in exergue
19.5mm, 2.7g
RIC VII, 157 nearly full silvering
NORMAN K
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Demetrios II Nikator, Second reign, 129-125 BC. Silver tetradrachm. Tyre.44 viewsObv: Diademed head of king right.
Rev: Eagle standing on prow left, with palm branch, club surmounted by monogram and monogram in inner left field, two monograms in inner right field, monogram between legs.
References: SC 2195.5b. Newell 179. Hoover 1122.
28 mm, 13,23 g.
1 commentsCanaan
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Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, 669 (C3); BMCRE II 153; BnF III 147; RSC II 25132 viewsSilver denarius
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII, laureate head right.
Reverse: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet behind.
2.85 g., 18.7 mm, Rome mint
sold 4-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
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ENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .33 viewsENGLAND, NORMAN, Stephen (1135-1154), Silver Penny, Watford type .
Mint and moneyer uncertain . 1.0 gr
Crowned and diademed bust of king right, holding sceptre in his right hand .
Cross moline, with a fleur each angle .
North 873; SCBC 1278
Vladislav D
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England: silver Short Cross penny of King John (1199-1216), struck in the name of Henry II, ca. 1205-120740 viewslordmarcovan
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Gordian III 238-244 CE29 viewsGordian III 238-244 CE Silver Antoninianus “Victory" 24mm, 3.7gm. RIC 202

Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate bust of Gordian right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left,holding wreath and palm.
Sold 5-2018
NORMAN K
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Italy (Venice): silver grosso of Antonio Venier, ca. 1382-140026 viewslordmarcovan
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Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .130 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem . Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .
+ TVRRIS DAVIT (legend retrograde), Tower of David
+ SЄPVLChRVM DOMINI, view of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Slocum 288; cf. C.J. Sabine, “Numismatic iconography of the Tower of David and the Holy Sepulchre,” NC 1979, pl. 17, 3; N. du Quesne Bird, “Two deniers from Jerusalem, Jordan,” NumCirc LXXIII.5 (May 1965), p. 109; Metcalf, Crusades, p. 77; CCS 51.
Very Rare . Thirteen known example .
The Ernoul chronicle refers to Balian of Ibelin and the patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem stripped the silver and gold edicule from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher for striking coins to pay those defending the city at it's last stand .
2 commentsVladislav D
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Lysimachos Alexander the Great Portrait Coin128 viewsLysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great, Kingdon of Thrace, Silver tetradrachm, (Posthumous issue c. 280 - 200 BC), 16.675g, 30.6mm, die axis 0o, Müller 460, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, SNG UK -, uncertain mint,
OBV: Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
REV: BASILEWS LUSIMACOU, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning name with wreath in right,
resting left arm on shield at side, transverse spear behind, bow case inner left

EX: Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (18 Sep 2008), lot 20015; EX: Forum Ancient Coins
3 commentsRomanorvm
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Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196666 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
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Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (Omkara)16 viewsSilver drachm of the Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (12MM / 4.32 gr)
Mint- Omkara Mandhata Monastery, Malwa;
Obverse: Degenerated Indo-Sasanian style bust, Brahmi letter "ja" in left field, circle in front of bust .
Reverse: Crude fire altar with legend Sri Omkara on shaft.
MNI 436-440
Paul R3
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Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
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PHOENICIA ARADOS AR OBOL 44 viewsPhoenicia, Arados Ar obol. C, 350 BC
0.70g. 9mm
4193


Antonivs Protti
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Postumus RIC IV 199 Lugdunum26 viewsSilver Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: MONET AVG, Monet standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left.
Lugdunum (lyon) mint 21 mm diam., 3.9 g
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
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Probus Silvered Antoninianus Rome, 276-282 CE16 views
Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, feeding snake rising from altar from patera.
XXI delta in ex. Rome mint. 23.8 mm., 4.2 g.
NORMAN K
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Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC75 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
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Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 188 - 84 B.C.105 viewsSilver hemidrachm, cf. SNG Keckman 642 ff. (various magistrates and control symbols)Dexikrates, Fine/Fair, scratches, underweight (perhaps imitative), 0.905g, 13.0mm, 135o, Rhodos (Rhodes) mint, c. 188 - 84 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse rose with bud to right, P-O in fields, magistrates name above,ΔΕΞΙΚΡΑΤΗΣ, control symbol lower left, all within a shallow square incuse;7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
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Severus Alexander. RIC 168, Rome18 viewsSilver Denarius, Interesting Partial coin (15 mm., .9 g), CE. 222-235., CE. 226.
Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust of Severus Alexander right.
Reverse PAX AVG, Pax advancing left, holding olive branch and scepter. RIC 168; BMC 363-367; RSC 187.
NORMAN K
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Valerian I, RIC 128C Rome17 viewsValerian silver Antononianus victory with shield. 253-260 CE.
Obverse: IMP C P LOC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate,draped and ceirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory standing left holding palm branch and resting other hand on a shield.
Rome mint 23.2 mm., 3.1 g.
NORMAN K
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Victorinus, Antoninianus. AE18-19mm. 269 to 271 AD.11 viewsVictorinus, Silvered Antoninianus. 269 to 271 AD.
Obv. IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev.SALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding serpent in arms.
Ref. RIC 67, Cohen 112, Sear 11179
Lee S
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Xerxes II13 viewsAchaemenid Empire. Time of Darios I to Xerxes II, circa 485-420 BC. Siglos (Silver, 16 mm, 5.38 g), Sardes. Persian king or hero in kneeling/running stance to right, holding spear and bow. Rev. Incuse punch. Carradice Type IIIa/b. Beautifully toned. Very fine.arash p
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#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
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36 viewsIONIA, Ephesos. 1st-2nd century AD.
Æ Tessera in contemporary AR mount (23mm, 6.25, 1 h)
KHPIΛIC ωΔE ΠPOC ΠAΛVPIN
Bee
CKωΠI, recumbent stag; E to left, Φ to right
BMC 186; SNG Copenhagen 355
Ardatirion
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47 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
Ardatirion
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33 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered Brass 50 Centimes (25mm, 4.55 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352
Ardatirion
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43 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered CU 100 Centimes (31mm, 10.32 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 27 of the Republic (AD 1830/1)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 27
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 100 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM A23a; cf. Arroyo 117 (for official issue); Lissade 103
Ardatirion
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D.892 Pepin the Brief (denier, Saint-Denis?)18 viewsPepin the Brief, king of the Franks (751-768)
Denier, Saint-Denis ? (751-768)

Silver, 1.22 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 11 h

O/ RP under a bar; pellets in the field
R/ ΛVT / TRΔ / NO

RP on the obverse means Rex Pippinus, or maybe PiPpinus Rex (the first R would then have to be read twice, the first time as a P).
The reverse is more intricate. First, the mint was identified as Antrain in Brittany. However, a lead slab has been found in Saint-Denis, on which similiar dies had been tested. As a consequence these deniers may have been minted in Saint-Denis monastery. However the legend on the reverse is still unclear (name of a moneyer, abbreviation of a latine phrase ?).
Droger
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Richard I: denier au fronton (Rouen)12 viewsRichard I, duke of Normandy (943-996)
Denier au fronton (Rouen, circa 960-980)

Silver, 1.17 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3 h
A/ +RICΛRDVS I ; cross pattée with four pellets around
R/ ROTOMΛGVS ; temple with a pointed pediment, on top of it a small cross interrupts the legend. Below, an X with four pellets around, and a dash below
Droger
valentinien1-silique-urbs-roma-treves.JPG
RIC.27d1 Valentinian I (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)10 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
Siliqua : Vrbs Roma (367-375, Trèves)

silver, 17 mm diameter, 1.79 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS - ROMA / TRPS• in exergue, Roma seating on cuirass, head left, holding globe and spear
Droger
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D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
Droger
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RIC.6f4 Valens (siliqua, Restitvtor Reip)11 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Siliqua : Restitvtor Reip (366, Lyon)

silver (900 ‰), 18 mm diameter, 1.80 g, die axis: 6h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ RESTITV-TOR REIP / SLVG• à l'exergue ; emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe
Droger
valens-silique-urbs-roma.JPG
RIC.27e1 Valens (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)17 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Siliqua : Vrbs Roma (367-375, Trèves)

silver (900 ‰), 17 mm diameter, 1.96 g, die axis: 7h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS - ROMA / TRPS• in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
louis1-denier-bourges.JPG
D.177 Louis the Pious (denier, Bourges, class 2)11 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.71 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ BITV / RIGES


Droger
louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
Droger
louis1-denier-dorestadt.JPG
D.416 Louis the Pious (denier, Dorstadt, class 2)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Dorstadt, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.13 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ DOR / ESTA / TVS
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
Droger
louis1-obole-bourges.JPG
D.180 Louis the Pious (obol, Bourges, class 2)6 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.64 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +BITVRIGES; cross pattée


Droger
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

Droger
louis1-denier-temple.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)51 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)30 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
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D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)10 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
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D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
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D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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RIC.46 Gratian (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)25 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (367-378 or 378-383, Treves mint)

silver, 16 mm diameter, 1.64 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS-ROMA/TRPS in exergue; Roma seating on cuirass, head left, holding globe and spear
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RIC.28a Gratian (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)38 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (378-383, Aquilee mint)

silver, 18 mm diameter, 1.82 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM/AQPS in exergue; Roma seating on throne, head left holding globe and spear
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D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
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D.761 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Paris)11 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Paris, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.69 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛR•LVS RE•X FR ; cross pattée
R/ PΛRI / • / S◂II



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D.197 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1a, Bourges, Aquitaine)20 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Bourges, Aquitaine, class 1a, 848-849 ?)

Silver, 0.80 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX ; cross pattée
R/ AQUI / • / TANIA

The obols of Charles the Bald with AQUITANIA on the reverse are thought to have been minted in Bourges due to hoard studies. For instance, Chaumoux-Marcilly (small village near Bourges) hoard was found in 1930. It had in it 40 coins of Charles the Bald: 20 from Bourges, 17 obols with AQVITANIA, 2 from Melle and one from Orléans. This hoard is consequently supposed to be made of local coins, and AQVITANIA obols of Charles the Bald are supposed to have been minted in Bourges.

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D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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D.606 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)49 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

The KRLS monogram was first introduced by Charles' great father, Charles the Great (Charlemagne). Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) never used a monogram, contrary to most carolingian rulers as Charles the Bald in particular.

This is the second most common carolingian coin.

Charlemagne minted exactly similar coins (Class 3). The question of the attribution to Charles the Great or the Bald has of course been widely discussed on grounds of style, weight, composition (work of Guillaume Sarah), position of the legend... These studies didn't lead to any clear conclusion although these deniers may often be attributed to Charlemagne. New hoards have to be found to resolve this issue.
By then, these coins have to be attributed to Charles the Bald by reason of the relative number of minted coins.
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D.622 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 1d, Melle)31 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Obol (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 0.65 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ carolingian monogram
R/ +METVLLO; cross pattée


Certainly because of the lack of space, there isn't any legend with the ruler's name on the obverse but a carolingian KRLS monogram.
The attribution to Charles the Bald or Charles the Great is uncertain, like for the denier's case.
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D.626 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.73 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

This coinage with the shorter legend CΛRLVS REX is much rarer than the common one with the legend CΛRLVS REX FR. The composition of a hoard in Poitou suggests that this type can be unambiguously attributed to Charles the Bald. This coinage may have been minted at the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign, just before Pippin II took the control of Melle in 845.
Among the 12 known specimens, 5 have a deformed monogram, with the L and the S exchanging places, and on their sides. This feature, the shorter legend, as well as the unusual position of the legend opening cross on top of the monogram may suggest that there was some confusion in Melle at this time, when Charles gave back (temporarily) Aquitaine to Pippin.
The reverse is slightly double struck.
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
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D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
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D.762 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Paris)28 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Paris, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +PΛRISII CIVITΛS; temple

The mint's name (Paris) stands in for the usual legend XPISTIANA RELIGIO. The royal authority may have been quite weak in the beginning of Charles' reign, and each mint may have been tempted to make a clear legend to characterize its own coinage.
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D.726 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e, Orléans)15 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.53 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +ΛVR-ELI-ΛNIS; temple

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D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)36 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
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D.750 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Palace Mint)4 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Palace Mint, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +PΛLΛTINΛ MONE; cross pattée

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D.811 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Quentovic)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Quentovic, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +QVVENTOVVCI; cross pattée with 2 globules

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
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D.399 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Dijon)21 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Dijon, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.91 g, 19.5 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +C[RATIA] D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +DIVIONI C[AST]RE; cross pattée

This is another less common example of Class 2 (GDR type).
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D.880 Charles II the Bald (obol, class 2, Rouen)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR obol (Rouen, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 0.73 g, 14 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O: +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX;carolingian monogram
R: +ROTVHΛCVS CIVI; cross pattée

Obol of GDR type
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D.559 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Le Mans)12 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Le Mans, class 2, 864-875 or end of the 8th/beginning of the 10th century)

Silver, 1.42 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O: +G I RΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R: +CINOMΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

Due to the degenerate legend and monogram, this coin may be an immobilization.
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D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
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D.1007 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Toulouse)13 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Toulouse, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP R- ; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSΛ+CIVI ; CA / RL in the center

The presence of the name of the sovereign on the reverse is quite rare for carolingian coins. This is also the case for Toulouse deniers of Charles the Bald's Louis II (or grandson Louis III) with LV / DO.

This coinage is also sometimes attributed to Charles the Fat.
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Dy.001 Hugh Capet: denier (Beauvais)19 viewsHugh Capet, king of the Franks (987-996) and Hervé, Bishop of Beauvais (987-998)
Denier (Beauvais)

Silver, 1.19 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 9h
O: [HERV]EVS HVGO RE[X] ; cross pattée with 2 pellets
R: BE[LVΛC]VS CIVITΛS ; carolingian monogram KRLS

Although Hugh Capet was the founder of the capetian dynasty, his coinage contains a carolingian monogram. It may have been a way to show the continuity of the royal authority. The presence of the bishop Hervé is not really understood on this nearly only coinage of Hugh Capet as king of the Franks (obols of the same type are also known, as well as a unique denier of Laon).
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Dy.016 Henry I: denier (Paris, 1st type)7 viewsHenry I, king of the Franks (1031-1060)
Denier (Paris, 1st type)

Silver, 1.23 g, diameter 21 mm, die axis 10h
O/ HΛNIRICVS REX ; Alpha et Omega hung in the field
R/ PΛISIVS CIVTAS around a cross pattée
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Dy.190C Louis IX (Saint Louis): Gros tournois58 viewsLouis IX, king of France (1226-1270)
Gros tournois (1266-1270)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.94 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +LVDOVICVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The full transcription of the obverse is: benedictvm sit nomen domini nostri dei Jesu Christi, which means ``blessed is the name of our Lord Jesus Christ'' (XPI is in fact a mix of greek and latin letters: χρI[STI]). This choice of religious legend is not surprising for a king as pious as Louis IX.

The value of the denier had become too small for use in commerce. So Louis IX introduced the Gros Tournois in 1266, with a value of 12 deniers tournois (12 is the number of lis, and also of letters of the obverse and reverse legends !). Gros means ``big'' or``thick'', and tournois ``of Tours'' (Tours is a french city). The inner part of a Gros tournois is similar to a denier tournois. An outer circle has been added with the christian legend on the obverse and 12 fleur-de-lis (symbol of French kingship) on the reverse.

Gros tournois were struck in France and entire Europe during one century.
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Dy.202A Philip III (the Bold): Gros tournois 38 viewsPhilip III, king of France (1270-1285)
Gros tournois (1270-1280)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.04 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 1h30
O: inner circle: +PhILIPVS.REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONV.S.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type exactly continued the Gros tournois of Saint Louis, Philip's father.
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Dy.213 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a round O37 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with a round O (1280-1290)

Silver (958 ‰), 4.07 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This type was struck during 1280-1285 (end of Philipp III's reign) and 1285-1290 (beginning of Philip IV's reign). The only difference with the Gros tournois of the first part of Philip III's reign is PHILIPPVS, spelled with 2 P intead of 1.
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Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
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Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
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Dy.219d Philip IV (the Fair): maille tierce with a round O23 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Maille tierce with round O (09/1306)

Silver (958 ‰), 1.27 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄn⋮DOmInI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

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Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
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Dy.238 Philip V (the Tall): Gros tournois 25 viewsPhilip V, king of France (1316-1322)
Gros tournois (1318)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.93 g, diameter 26mm, die axis 12h

O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(hammer)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮
SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS(hammer)CIVIS; châtel tournois;
outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

At first sight, Philip V's gros tournois are very similar to his father's ones. However, the general style is quite different: Philip V's tournois have a stretched castle, thiner letters with more space between them (especially for TVRONVS CIVIS), n of nOmЄ is an n but not an N) and ⋮ instead of . between IhV and XPI. Moreover, it is commonly thought that a hammer (like here) or a crescent separating TVRONVS/CIVIS and PHILIPPVS/REX is a typical feature of Philip V.

Philip V's gros tournois are scarcer than Philip IV's. His reign was shorter and a silver lack prevented him from minting as much as he wanted. Philip had to forbid the production of silver items like dishes in order to keep silver for minting.
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charles4-maille-blanche-1ere.JPG
Dy.243 Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 1st emission7 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 1st emission (03/02/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.82 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 2h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(diamond)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT#8942nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANChORVm*; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis

The h of FRANChORVm is characteristic of the first emission.

Charles was the younger and third son of former king Philip the Fair. He was consequently not supposed to rule. However, as his two brothers successively died without any living son, he became king in 1322. Six years later, he also died without a male heir. So ended up the capetian senior line in 1328.
The legend began then... Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had cursed King Philip the Fair and his descendants from his execution pyr in 1314. Was the curse finally efficient ?
Charles'cousin, his nearest parent, became then king of France as Philip VI.
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Dy.243A Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 2ond emission22 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 2ond emission (07/1324)

Silver (798 ‰), 1.74 g, diameter 21-22 mm, die axis 10h
O: inner circle: +(spade)kAROLVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(ring); châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots, which is characteristic of the 2ond emission




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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
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philippe6-gros-couronne-3eme.JPG
Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros à la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros à la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
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D.1155 Louis II the Stammerer (denier, Visé)5 viewsLouis II the Stammerer, king of the Franks (877-879)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 0,79 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS REX; KRLS monogram of Charles (legend beginning at 10h)
R/ +IN VICO VIOSΛTO; croix pattée

The KRLS (Karolus) monogram appears on this coinage of Louis II. One can imagine that there hadn't been much time to think about a new monogram just after Charles II's death.

Louis II was physically quite weak and died 2 years after his father Charles II. His reign was consequently very short.
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D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)31 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
3 commentsDroger
limoges-denier-saint-martial.JPG
Saint Martial abbey: denier (Limoges)7 viewsSaint Martial abbey, Limoges, anonymous (1100-1150)

Silver, 1.14 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 3h

O/ +SES•MARCIAL; facing bearded bust of Saint Martial
R/ +LEMOVICENSIS; beaded cross with 2 pellets in each quadrant

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RIC.84b Magnus Maximus (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)9 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (383-388, Trèves mint)

silver 900‰, 18 mm diameter, 2.24 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N MAG MAX-IMVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM / TRPS in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear

Die breaking on the cheek
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edilred2-denier-crux.JPG
S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
1 commentsDroger
aethelred2-long-cross.JPG
S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
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vienne-denier.JPG
Vienne archibishopric : denier (Vienne)26 viewsVienne archibishopric, anonymous (1200-1250)

Silver, 0.66 g, diameter 16 mm, die axis 5h

O/ +•S•M•VIENNA•; left bearded and bare head of Saint Maurice
R/ MAXIMA.GALL (dashed L); cross pattée with 4 pellets
1 commentsDroger
eudes-denier-blois.JPG
D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

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D.740 Eudes (denier, Orléans)10 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 10h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D TI; Eudes'monogram R / ◊D◊ / EX (inverted E) (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Contrary to Charlemagne and Charles the Bald, Eudes seems to have had some problems to choose a monogram or to explain to all mints how it had to look like...
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eudes-denier-toulouse.JPG
D.1012 Eudes (denier, Toulouse)31 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Toulouse)

Silver, 1.45 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +ODDO REX FR-C; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSA CIVI; OD/DO monogram

Eudes'monogram is quite simple on this coin. It is made of 2D's and 2 O's (Oddo, which is Eudes in latin). The legend is a very traditional one.
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eudes-denier-limoges.JPG
D.511 Eudes (denier, Limoges, immobilization)17 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Limoges)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 2h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ DI RE; odonic monogram + / ◊D◊ / + (legend beginning at 5h)
R/ +LIM◊VICΛS CIVIS ; cross pattée

This type was immobilized for 50 years ('til the middle of the 10th century).
2 commentsDroger
cnut-pointed-helmet.JPG
S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

1 commentsDroger
raoul-denier-paris.JPG
D.774 Rudolph (denier, Paris)9 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Paris)

Silver, 1.13 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRATIA DI REX; monogram
R/ + / PΛRISI / CIVITΛ / +

Rudolph was elected king of Franks by noblemen in 923, after his father-in-law (Robert I)'s death.

Although Rudolph wasn't a carolingian, his coinage used a monogram.This monogram is clearly inspired by the habitual KRLS monogram. The letters seem to be R(?)DFS. Anyway, the F on the bottom can be cleary distinguished, and this coin can be attributed to Rudolph.

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raoul-denier-orleans.JPG
D.733 Rudolph (denier, Orléans)8 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.27 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I REX; monogram RDFS (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

This monogram is clearly an imitation of the tradition KRLS Charles' one. As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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raoul-denier-chateau-landon-pos.JPG
D.308B Rudolph (denier, Château-Landon)19 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Château-Landon)

Silver, 1.16 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I; odonic monogram of Rodolf (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +CΛSTIS LIΛNDNI; cross pattée

The R on the top of the monogram and the F below are for Rodulfus. The 2 lozenges on the sides may come from Eudes' monogram (Oddo). Eudes was the brother of Rudolph's father-in-law... sort of family alliance against Carolingians (although Rudolph's aunt had been married to Charles the Bald...). The I and the X are more mysterious.

According to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugues the Great, his brother-in-law... family business still.
1 commentsDroger
raoul-orleans.JPG
D.abs Rudolph (denier, Orléans)49 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.14 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRΛTI[Λ D-I R]EX; monogram (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

Same monogram as the previous coin minted in Château-Landon.
Same conclusions: according to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugh the Great.

As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
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marseille-obole-droite.JPG
LT abs, Gaul, Massalia16 viewsMassalia (Marseille, south of France)
Circa 385-310 BC ?

Silver obol, 0.67 g, 10 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ youthful head of Apollo, right, with a visible ear and sideburns
R/ wheel with four spokes, M and A in two quarters

Marseille was founded by the Phocean Greeks circa 600 BC. This obol has obviously more greek than celtic origins.
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marseille-obole-gauche.JPG
LT 681, Gaul, Massalia16 viewsMassalia (Marseille, south of France)
Circa 225-100 BC ?

Silver obol, 0.59 g, 11 mm largest diameter, die axis 11h

O/ youthful head of Apollo, left, with a visible ear and sideburns
R/ wheel with four spokes, M and A with small bullets in two of the quarters
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lothaire-denier-chalon.JPG
D.268 Lothair (denier, Chalon-sur-Saône)16 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Chalon-sur-Saône)

Silver, 1.26 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 1h

O/ +LOTARVS.REX; B
R/ +CAVILON.CIVT; cross pattée

The B on the obverse means Bourgogne.

Although Lothair's reign had lasted more than 30 years, his coins are quite scarce. Moreover, they are often hard to distinguish from feudal issues. The types are varied, as well as the spelling of the king's name, depending on the mint. This is an evidence of a lack of central control.
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S.1182 Edward the Confessor (hammer cross penny, York)5 viewsEdward the Confessor, king of England (1042-1066)
Hammer cross penny (moneyer: Thorr, mint: York, 1059-1062)

A/ +EΛDPΛRD-DRE; crowned, bearded bust right, scepter before
R/ +DORR ON EOFRPICE (barred D); hammer cross, annulet in one quarter

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h



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D.207 Lothair (denier, Bourges, immobilization ?)11 viewsLothair, king of the Franks (954-986)
Denier (Bourges)

Silver, 1.31 g, 22 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +IOTERIVS REX; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; degenerated monogram

This type was immobilized 'til the beginning of the XI century.
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guillaume1-penny-paxs.JPG
S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)16 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
honorius-sil-votxmvltxv-milan.JPG
RIC.27b Honorius (Siliqua, Vot X Mvlt XV)7 viewsHonorius, western roman emperor (393-423)
Siliqua : Virtus exerciti (388-402, Milan mint)

silver, 16 mm diameter, 1.47 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N HONORI-VS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VOT / X / MVLT / XVL, MDPS in exergue; in wreath

RIC.IX 27b(R4) or RIC.X 1225(R3)
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henry7-souverain.JPG
S.2233 Henry VII Tudor (sovereign type penny, Durham)9 viewsHenry VII Tudor, king of England (1485-1509) and Bishop Richard Fox
Sovereign type penny (mint: Durham)

A/ [hENRIC] DI [GRA RE]X A[NG]; king seated on throne with one pilar, holding scepter and orb
R/ [CIVI-TA]S-DIR-hAm; royal shield on cross, mitre above, D and R on the sides

silver, 0.55 g, diameter 15 mm, die axis 8h
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Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
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EpirFake.jpg
"Epirus, the Epeirote Republic, Didrachm size modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC. "69 viewsEpirus, the Epeirote Republic, modern fake, genuine drachm prototypes dated 234-168 BC.,
Didrachm size (ø 22 mm / 8,50 g), silver, axes about coin alignment ↑↓ (ca. 160°), edge: 50 % filed, 50 % hammered,
Obv.: A· , laureate head of Zeus Dodonaios right, A· behind, dotted border.
Rev.: AΠEI / PΩTAN , eagle standing right on thunderbolt, all within oak wreath, dotted border.
for prototype cf. BMC p. 89, no. 14 (drachm size 4,5-5,0 g., AI· -monogram behind head on obverse) ; - Dewing 1444 (same) ; Franke, - Epirus 100 (same) ; - SNG Cop. 108ff. ; for a drachm showing similar style cf. http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=748945 (also a fake?) .

1 commentsArminius
fourree.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
SILVER-PLATED DENARIUS (FOUREE) 2.70 g 17 mm
O: COS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P III
BARE HEAD RIGHT
(P P = 139 AD, COS III = 140 AD)
R: HO-N-OS
HONOS, TOGATE, STANDING L HOLDING BRANCH AND CORNUCIPIAE
Reverse cf. BMC 41, 264; RIC 79, 422; Cohen 235, 236.
Minted under Antoninus Pius for Marcus Aurelius as Caesar in Rome, 140 - 144 AD
(mismatching dies in silverplated denarii is not uncommon)
laney
max_thrax_denarius_x.jpg
(0235) MAXIMINUS I THRAX14 views235 - 238 AD
Struck 236 AD--2nd emission
Silver denarius, 20.0 mm; 2.909 g
O: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right (no cuirass?), from behind;
R: PAX AVGVSTI (to the peace of the emperor), Pax standing facing, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left
Rome mint; RSC III 31b (no cuirass), RIC IV 12 var. (cuirassed), BMCRE VI 70 var. (same), Hunter III 8 var. (same), SRCV III 8310 var. (same)
(ex FORUM)
laney
philip_wolf_twins.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I32 views244 - 249 AD
Struck 248 AD
Silver Antoninianus (23 mm, 3.77 gm.)
O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed.
R: SAECVLARES AVGG, she-wolf standing left, suckling the twins, II in ex.
(commemorates 1000th year of founding of Rome)
Rome mint; Reference: RSC 178.RIC 15.
1 commentslaney
gallienus_pax_sil__res.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS23 views253 - 268 AD
Silvered AE Antoninianus 17.5 mm 3.01 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand
Rome
laney
cl_goth_uber_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS14 views268 - 270 AD
Silvered AE 17.5 mm 1.80 g
O: IMP CL[AVDIVS A]VG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: VBERITAS A[VG], Uberitas standing left holding purse and cornucopiae, T in right field
(extensive silvering intact)
laney
cl_goth_silvered_ant_virtus.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS11 views268 - 270 AD
Billon antoninianus, silvered. 17 X 19 mm; 2.27 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus (Mars) standing left, holding branch and sceptre, shield left at feet
Rome mint; cf RIC 109
laney
aurelian_rest_orbis_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN21 views270-275 AD
Silvered AE 21.5 mm, 3.92 g
O: IMP AVERLIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: RESTITVTOR ORBIX;Victory standing right holding palm, presenting wreath to emperor; D between; XXI
in exe
Cyzicus mint, RIC 369
laney
aurelian_oriens_silv_res.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN55 views270 - 275 AD
Silvered AE 22mm 4.07 g
O: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: ORIENS AVG Sol advancing left stepping on captive, raising hand and holding globe; star before, seated captive to right; TXXT in exe
Ticinum mint; RIC 154. Cohen 234
1 commentslaney
AURELIAN.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN32 views270 - 275 AD
AE SILVERED ANT 22.5 mm 4.08 g
O: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: RESTITVT ORBIS
WOMAN STANDING R PRESENTING WREATH TO AURELIAN, Q IN CENTER FIELD
XXI IN EXE
Antioch mint (Period III) RIC V 386 var., Cohen 193, Sear 5 11592v
laney
TACITUS.jpg
(0275) TACITUS31 views275 - 276 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 23 mm 4.00 g
O: IMP C M C L TACITVS AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP
TACITUS L HOLDING SCIPIO RECRIVING GLOBE FROM JUPITER WHO HOLDS LONG SCEPTER, * IN CENTER FIELD
KA IN EXE
TRIPOLIS RIC 213
(nearly full silvering)
laney
rest_orb_ed_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS16 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 21 mm, 4.11 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG radiate draped bust right
R: RESTITVT ORBIS woman standing right presenting wreath to emperor standing left; ED in lower field; XXI in exe.
laney
probus_rest_orb_z_resb.jpg
(0276) PROBUS17 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered AE
Ant. 21 mm, 3.92 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: RESTITVT ORBIS woman standing right presenting wreath to emperor holding globe and scepter; Z in lower center field; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC V Part 2 925
(nearly fully silvered)
laney
probus_rest_orb_a_resb.jpg
(0276) PROBUS19 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 21 mm 4.07 g
O: IMP C AVR PROBVS PF AVG radiate draped bust right
R: RESTITVT ORBIS woman standing right p0resenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and scepter; A in lower center; XII in exe
Antioch mint; RIC 925
(nearly fully silvered)
laney
probus_clementia_xxi_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS21 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C
laney
probus_horseback_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS17 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 20X22 mm, 2.09 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG helmeted bust left holding shield and spear
R: VIRTV[S PROBI] AVG Probus on horseback right, spearing enemy; KAB in exe
Serdica mint
laney
probus_clementia_resized.jpg
(0276) Probus/Clementia Temp Silvered Ant.40 views276 - 282 AD
Silvered Ant. 22X24 mm, 3.84 g Nearly fully silvered
Obv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP (pellet)
Emperor standing right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding scepter
Minted in Tripolis (wreath in top center field, XXI in exe.)
Emission 2 Officina 1. circa A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 927 Bust type C

laney
CARINUS.jpg
(0283) CARINUS28 views283 - 285 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 20 mm 3.96 g
O: IMP C M R CARINVS PF AVG
RAD BUST R
R: VIRTVS AVGG
CARINUS RECEIVING VICTORY ON GLOBE FROM CARUS, STAR ABOVE, B BETWEEN
XXI IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(much silvering intact)
(J.Ryan)
laney
NUMERIAN.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN55 views283 - 284 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 20 mm 4.41 g
O: IMP C AVR NVMERIANVS PF AVG
RAD DR BUST R
R: VIRTVS AVGG
NUMERIAN STANDING R RECEIVING VICTORY ON GLOBE FROM JUPITER L
XXI IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(much silvering intact)
(J.Ryan)

laney
dioc_iovi_cons_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN38 views284 - 305 AD
Silvered AD Ant. 20 X 23 mm 3.54 g
O: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG radiate draped bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Emperor standing receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter; crescent over Z between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
Diocletian_Iovi_Et_Hercu_Cons_silv_ant.jpg
(0284) Diocletian / Iovi Hercu Conser51 viewsSilvered Ant. 22mm 3.45 g
284 - 305 AD
Obv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rad Dr Cuir Bust R
Rev: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
Jupiter stg R hldg globe and scepter; Hercules stg L hldg Victory, club,& lionskin; crescent over H below
XXI in exe; Antioch RIC V 323
Nearly fully silvered
(J.Ryan)
laney
MAXIMIANUS_B.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS43 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 286 - 295 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 22mm 2.66g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
RAD CUIR BUST R
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVG
JUPITER R HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER FACING HERCULES HOLDING VICTORY ON GLOBE, CLUB, LIONSKIN CRESCENT/B BETWEEN
XII IN EXE
ANTIOCH
(J.Ryan)
laney
maximianus_iovi_B_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS23 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Silvered AE Ant. 22 mm, 4.74 g
O: IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG;radiate cuirassed bust right
R: IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG Jupiter right holding globe and scepter, facing Hercules left, holding Victory on globe, club, and lionskin; crescent over B between; XXI in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
con_chlor_2_blk_b.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS26 views293 - 306 AD
Struck 293-294 AD
AE silvered ant., 22 mm, 3.81 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C radiate, draped cuirassed bust right
R: CONCORDIA MILITVM Constantius standing right receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, "A" (Officina A) between, XXI in exe.
Cyzicus
Sear RCV IV #13982 ref: Hunter iv, p. cxciv. RIC v, ii, p. 302, 672 var ( C for CAES).
laney
LICINIUS_I_IOVI_L_GAMMA.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I31 views308 - 324 AD
Silvered AE 19 mm 3.25 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, laur bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter and globe in left hand, mappa in right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe, wreath to left, Gamma to right
SMK in exe
Cyzicus
laney
LICINIUS_I_CAMPGATE.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I20 views308 - 324 AD
Silvered AE 18.5 mm 2.56 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG. laur dr cuir bust left with globe and mappa
R: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, city gate, 3 turrets, HTD in exe
Heraclea
RIC 15
laney
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.69 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Florian.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsFlorian Silvered Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 112, Serdica
Date: AD 276
Obverse: IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDEN DEOR, Providentia stg. on l. facing r., holding two ensigns, opposite her, Sol is facing l., raising hand in salute & holding globe, star between, B in exergue
Size: 22 mm
ex-Forvm
Noah
Tacitus_1.jpg
*SOLD*20 viewsTacitus Antoninianus

Attribution: RIC 65, Lugdunum
Date: AD 276
Obverse: IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas stg. l. w/ caduceus & cornucopiae,
Δ to l., * to r.
Size: 23 mm – “fully silvered”
Weight: 3.13 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
nurnberg_1_kreuzer_1773.jpg
*SOLD*22 views Nürnberg - 1 Kreuzer

Attribution: KM #367; 'Stadtansichtskreuzer von Nürnberg' (city-view Kreuzer of Nuremberg) is the specific type
Date: AD 1773
Obverse: View of Nuremberg in Bavaria/Germany, Providence of God above, 1773 below
Reverse: Three Coat of Arms of Nuremberg – 1) Top is 'Freie und Reichsstadt' ('Free city and city of the German Empire), the meaning is that Nuremberg has no other ruler above it than
the Emperor himself; 2) right is a half eagle, black on golden field, in the l. half, and six red and six silver oblique stripes in the r. field; 3) left shows a golden harpyia (mythic bird) on a blue field, has a female head and is crowned.
Noah
AugI439.jpg
- 27 BC - 14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 439 - As with "S C" Reverse110 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 6 BC
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT
Caesar Augustus Chief Priest Tribune
Bare head right

Reverse: SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN IIIVIR AAAFF around S C.
Sex. Nonius Quinctilianus of The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze by Senatorial Decree.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 439
10.07g; 26.5mm; 270°
1 commentsPep
AugI425.jpg
- 27 BC-14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 425 - Cornucopia and Altar Quadrans64 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 8 BC
Condition: VF
Denomination: Quadrans

Obverse: PVLCHER TAVRVS REGVLVS
Pulcher Taurus Regulus (moneyer)
S - C to left and right of cornucopia

Reverse: IIIVIR AAAFF round garlanded altar
The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 425
3.14g; 18.2mm; 15°
Pep
001_vespasian_tet_14_8grams_feb-01-feb-02-2012_o-r.JPG
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.74 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
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~*~ CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE ~*~
~~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
ant-pius_didrachm_5_9gr_o-r.jpg
0 - Antoninus Pius Silver Didrachm of Caearea, Cappadocia - Pietas standing w/ Altar32 views~
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Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius ( 138 - 161 AD )
Silver Didrachm (two drachmai) of Caesarea, Cappadocia.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare headed bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind.
rev: Pietas, unveiled, standing left, raising right hand over lighted altar and holding open box in left hand.

Weight: 5.9 Grams.
~~~
*~!CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE - VERY LARGE PHOTO!~*
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~ VERY RARE COIN ~
~~~
~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs59 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
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ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
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4 commentsrexesq
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_obv_02_rev_03_95%.JPG
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs - 0159 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrian_purple
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ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
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~ RARE COIN ~
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-
3 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_small-flan-crack_sphinx_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #141 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
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Ex Sphinx Numismatics
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4 commentsrexesq
DSC07249_DSC07252_o_r_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #1.25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
~Flan crack @ 2 o'clock obverse/ 10 o'clock reverse~
------
Ex Sphinx Numismatics
3 commentsrexesq
DSC07242_DSC07243_o-96%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #1. 26 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
~Flan crack @ 2 o'clock obverse/ 10 o'clock reverse~
------
Ex Sphinx Numismatics
5 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_14_5grams_00.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #222 viewsEmperor Caracalla ( 198 - 217 A.D. )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #2

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of the Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

14.5 grams
rexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_14_5grams_obv_02_rev_02_90%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #223 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla ( 198 - 217 A.D. )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #2

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of the Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

14.5 grams
2 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_14_5grams_obv_05_rev_03.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #2.19 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla ( 198 - 217 A.D. )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #2

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of the Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

14.5 grams
rexesq
caracalla_tet_13_48gr_00.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #318 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07225_DSC07236_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #311 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
1 commentsrexesq
DSC07228_DSC07232_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #311 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07264_DSC07273_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #39 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07230.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .7 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
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Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
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rexesq
DSC07227.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .7 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
---------------------------------------------------
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
---------------------------------------------------
rexesq
DSC07228.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .13 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
---------------------------------------------------
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
---------------------------------------------------
rexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_50%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #438 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.

Weight: 13.0 Grams
Size: 28 mm
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*Note: Wonderful portrait of the emperor on the obverse and the eagle on the reverse, I am very proud of this coin.
4 commentsrexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_o.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #434 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.
13.0 Grams

-FULLSIZE-
(Click to Enlarge)
rexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_r.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #4.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.
13.0 Grams

-FULLSIZE-
(Click to Enlarge)
rexesq
__3_(1)~0.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Tetradrachm #64 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.98 / 13.0 grams
rexesq
__3.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Tetradrachm #6.31 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.
Delta and Epsilon in fields to either side of eagles' head, above wings.
-Weight: 12.98 / 13.0 grams-
1 commentsrexesq
hadrian_tet_o-r.JPG
0 - Hadrian Silver Tetradrachm41 views-
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Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, 118 AD.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor Hadrian facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the Front.
rev: Eagle, head left, body facing right, standing on thigh of sacrificial animal. Nothing in beak.

Weight: 14.1 Grams
Size: 28 mm x 27 mm

(Reference: Prieur 155a)
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3 commentsrexesq
Diadumenian_AR-tet_11_3gr_mar2012_o-r_90%.JPG
0 - M - Diadumenian - AR - Silver Tetradrachm - Lion beneath Eagle39 views~
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Ancient Roman Empire
Diadumenian as Caesar, Coin Struck AD 218.
Son of Emperor Macrinus (8 April 217 AD – June 218 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Heirapolis.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Diadumenian facing right. Draped and Cuirassed, Seen from Behind.
rev: Eagle standing facing, wings spread, holding wreath in beak. Lion walking right beneath.

Weight: 11.3 Grams
~~~~
*****~ HUGE PHOTO - CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE FULLY ~ *****
~~~
Reference: Prieur 947
I want to thank Mat and Potator for their help with the ID of this coin.
~~~
~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
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Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
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Bust, cut.
rexesq
_AR-Tet_feb2012.jpg
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria435 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
~~~~~
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
~~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
015.jpg
0 - Severus Alexander as Caesar - AR Denarius40 viewsSeverus Alexander as Caesar. Rome Mint.

obv: " M AUR ALEXANDER CAES "
Bare head right, draped.

rev: " PIETAS AUG " - Priestly Implements.
3 commentsrexesq
830.jpg
0.30 AR Athenian Tetradrachm 454-415 BCE62 viewsATTICA: Athens. Ca. 454(?)-415 BC. AR tetradrachm. Athena / Owl. Nice centering.

Silver tetradrachm, pl. XXII, 6´. Svoronos pl. 15, 30., 17.1gm, 24mm, gVF, 449-413 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with almond shaped eye, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring,; reverse A?E right, owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, prong tail, to left olive twig and crescent, all within incuse square.
1 commentsEcgþeow
vespasian_winged-caduceus_03_200_1.JPG
00 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Winged Caduceus86 viewsEmperor Vespasian (AD 69 - 79)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint AD 74

obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANUS AUG - Laureate head right.

rev: PON MAX TR P COS V - Winged Caduceus.

RIC 703
4 commentsrexesq
vespasian_winged-caduceus_03.JPG
00 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Winged Caduceus.49 viewsEmperor Vespasian (AD 69 - 79)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint AD 74

obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANUS AUG - Laureate head right.

rev: PON MAX TR P COS V - Winged Caduceus.

RIC 703

Note the detail on the heads of the snakes of the caduceus.
3 commentsrexesq
Gordian-III_AR-Tet_13_4gr_30mm_2012o-r_sara_75%.jpg
00. - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm #4.27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: - Laureate bust of Emperor Gordian III facing right, draped and Cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: - Eagle standing facing, wings spread holding laurel wreath in beak. Head and tail left.
'S C' below, in exergue.

Size: 30 mm
Weight: 13.4 Grams
----------------
*~!CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE - VERY LARGE PHOTO!~*
----------------
4 commentsrexesq
vespasian_clasped-hands-caduceus-poppies-wheat_00.JPG
000 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Clasped Hands97 viewsVespasian Silver Denarius - Clasped Hands
Rome Mint, AD 73
obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN - Laureled head right.

rev: FIDES PVBL - Clasped hands holding wheat ears, opium poppies and caduceus.
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A bit off-center, but a beautiful portrait of the Emperor, and great detail on the poppy heads.
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**
**More photos of this Vespasian Denarius below, in Alphabetical order...
4 commentsrexesq
vespasian_silver-denarius_clasped-hands-caduceus-poppies-wheat_obv_09_rev_08_95%.JPG
000 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Clasped Hands 30 viewsVespasian Silver Denarius - Clasped Hands
Rome Mint, AD 73
obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN - Laureled head right.

rev: FIDES PVBL - Clasped hands holding wheat ears, opium poppies and caduceus.
------------
A bit off-center, but a beautiful portrait of the Emperor, and great detail on the poppy heads.
------------
** These photos slightly bright and off-color due to lighting
**More photos of this Vespasian Denarius below, in Alphabetical order...
1 commentsrexesq
Philip-II_frontal-bust-armored_AR-tet_antioch_001.JPG
001 - Philip II - AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria - Frontal bust, armored; RARE Bust.23 viewsAncient Roman Empire

Philip II ( 244 - 249 AD ). Silver Tetradrachm, from Antioch, Syria.

( titles in Greek )
obv: Laureate bust facing left, rare cuirassed/armored portrait, seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, wreath in beak, standing above city name over " S C ", wings open.
11.3 Grams, 28mm
2 commentsrexesq
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.88 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
gordian-III_tet_ram-below-eagle_14_76gr_mar2012_amphora.jpg
01 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #3 - Ram leaping left beneath Eagle, head reverted, Crescent Moon above ram27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD ) Silver Tetradrachm.
Struck at the Roman Mint at Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing, holding laurel wreath in beak, head facing left.
BELOW: Ram leaping left, head turned facing behind (right), with Crescent Moon above head of Ram, all between the legs of the Eagle.

Weight: 14.76 Grams

~~~~
::Great detail on the head and beak of the Eagle, as well as on the Emperor's portrait, very nice coin, good weight for the type too. ::
~~~

*ex Amphora Ancient Coins, with photo-authenticity COA signed by David Hendin, author of Guide to Biblical Coins.
~~
~
5 commentsrexesq
DSC07046_obv_03_DSC07051_rev_04.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows49 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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4 commentsrexesq
DSC07044_obv_01_DSC07048__rev_01JPG.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows36 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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2 commentsrexesq
Julian-II_AR-Siliqua_vows_1_9gr_03_rev-85%.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - 00139 views Roman Empire, 4th century AD Silver Siliqua.
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, struck 361 - 363 AD, Constantinople Mint, Prima Officinae.

obverse: " DN JULIANUS P F AUG " - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

reverse: " VOTIS V MULTIS X " - within wreath, '' P CON '' in exergue (below), for Constantinople mint.

Size: 19 dia.
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07050_rev_03.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.14 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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rexesq
DSC07049_rev_02.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.12 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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rexesq
DSC07063_rev_09.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse. BRIGHT.16 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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Slightly off color photo; too much lighting.
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rexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_providentia_3_08grams_00.JPG
01 - Trajan AR Denarius - PRO VID across field. 'Heroic Bust'101 viewsEmperor Trajan ( 98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO - Laureate bust right, seen from the front. Slight drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR - Providentia standing holding long sceptre and holding hand over globe. PRO-VID across field

Weight: 3.08 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_o_02_r_02.JPG
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna64 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
4 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_o_03_r_03.JPG
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna48 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
1 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_rev_03.jpg
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna. Reverse.15 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
rexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_rev_04.jpg
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna. Reverse.17 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
rexesq
philip-II_as-caesar_frontal-bust-dr_cuir_13_03grams_ex-Hendin.jpg
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front45 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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Seller photo. Great 'Frontal Bust' portrait and very large flan!
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07485_DSC07499.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front31 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
-----
5 commentsrexesq
DSC07494_philip-II_as-caesar_01.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.14 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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*Shown next to a US 25 cent piece (quarter-dollar) for size comparison.*
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rexesq
DSC05289_DSC05294.JPG
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne 19 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
1 commentsrexesq
DSC05289_DSC05294-1.jpg
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne - rev 11 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
rexesq
DSC05286.JPG
02 - Antoninus Pius - Tetradrachm - Dikaiosyne - w/ US quarter11 viewsEmperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) - silver/billon Tetradrachm.
Alexandria, Egypt.

obv: Laureate bust right.

rev: Dikaiosyne seated left holding scales of justice and cornucopiae.

Weight: 13.4 grams.
*shown with US quarter for size.
rexesq
elagabalus_AR-Ant_salus_5_20gr_00.JPG
02 - Elagabalus AR Antoninianus - SALVS ANTONINI AVG52 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Varius 'Elagabalus' Antoninus (218 - 222 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Struck at the Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR ANTONINUS - Radiate bust of the Emperor right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: SALVS ANTONINI AUG - Salus standing facing right, holding snake, which she feeds from patera held in other hand.

5.20 Grams
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**CLICK TO ENLARGE**
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3 commentsrexesq
Augustus denarius.jpg
02 B.C. - 4 A.D Augustus Denarius124 viewsSilver denarius, S 1597, RIC 207, BMC 533, EF, Lugdunum mint, 3.876g, 19.2mm, 180o, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.;
obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right;
reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on l. a simpulum r. and on r. a lituus l.;
lustrous, nice portrait, reverse slightly off center
jimwho523
VHC02-coin.jpg
02- BRITISH GUIANA (GUYANA), 4 PENCE, KM26.30 viewsSize: 19.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.0560 oz. Mintage: 60,000.
Grade: Raw VG (minor nicks and marks).
Comments: From an eBay seller in Mexico. I paid around ten times catalog price at the time, but these are tough to find and likely undervalued.
lordmarcovan
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Æ Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
238-augustus as.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE as - struck by C. Plotius Rufus moneyer (15 BC)49 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (bare head right)
rev: C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 389, C.504 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
11.06gms, 28mm

The moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for striking (and) casting bronze, silver (and) copper (coins)". The title was abbreviated III. VIR. AAA. FF. on the coinage itself. These men were also known collectively known as the tresviri monetalis or sometimes, less correctly, as the triumviri monetales.
berserker
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
DSC02611_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev19 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Rare Radiate, Frontal Left Bust.

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust left, seen from the front. Draped and Cuirassed.

rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between
the legs of Eagle.

Weight: 12.3 Grams
Size: 27mm
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*Quite Rare.
rexesq
DSC02613_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev - FLASH25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
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*Photo with CAMERA FLASH*
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--
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC02628_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev.29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
rexesq
Gordian-III_tet_75%.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev..38 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
3 commentsrexesq
Tiberius_RIC_I_4.jpg
03 01 Tiberius RIC 454 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint, 15-16 A.D. (3.74g, 17.6mm, 6h). Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: [TR POT X]VII. IMP [VII] in exergue, Tiberius, laur. And cloaked, stg. In slow Quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle tipped scepter. RIC I 4 (R2), BMC 7, RSC 48.

For an emperor with relatively long reign, Tiberius’ silver coinage was remarkably unvaried with the ubiquitous “tribute penny” making up the bulk of his denarii. This is a decent example of, perhaps, the second most common silver coin. Although the reverse legends are largely off the flan, the obverse has a decent portrait and legend.
2 commentsLucas H
VHC03-coin.jpg
03- BRITISH HONDURAS (BELIZE), 25 CENTS, KM923 viewsSize: 27.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.1728 oz. Mintage: 20,000.
Grade: Raw F+ (borderline VF).
Comments: Ex-Dan Lewis, Black Mountain Coins.
lordmarcovan
Antoninus-Pius_DIVVS-ANTONINVS_DIVO-PIO_Q-001_3_25g.jpg
035a Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0441 (Marc. Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, DIVO PIO, Altar,99 views035a Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0441 (Marc. Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, DIVO PIO, Altar,
"DIVO" Altar Marcus Aurelius A.D. 139-180
Silver Denarius "Divine father Antoninus Pius."
avers:- DIVVS-ANTONINVS, Bare head right.
revers:- DIVO-PIO, Square altar with double doors.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 162 A.D., ref: RIC-III-(Marcus Aurelius)-441-p-247, C-357,
Q-001
quadrans
Ant_Pius_AR-Ant_DIVO-PIO_CONSECRATIO-Eagle_RIC-Tr-Dec-89_249-51-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_2,78ga-s.jpg
035d Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0089 (Traj.Dec.), AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing,126 views035d Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0089 (Traj.Dec.), AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing,
Silver Denarius "Divine father Antoninus Pius."
avers:- DIVO-PIO, Radiate, head right.
revers:- CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing with wings open, head left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,56g, axis: 7h,
mint: , date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-(Traianus Decius)-89-p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Ant_Pius_AR-Ant_DIVO-PIO_CONSECRATIO_RIC-Tr-Dec-90_Mediolanum_250-51-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_21-22mm_2,56g-s.jpg
035d Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0090 (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Flaming Altar,202 views035d Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0090 (Traj.Dec.), Mediolanum, AR-Antoninianus, CONSECRATIO, Flaming Altar,
Silver Denarius "Divine father Antoninus Pius."
avers:- DIVO-PIO, Radiate, head right.
revers:- CONSECRATIO, Square altar with double doors.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,56g, axis: 7h,
mint: Mediolanum, date: 250-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-(Traianus Decius)-90-p-, C-357,
Q-001
quadrans
saloninaant.jpg
036. Salonina.82 viewsBI Antoninianus. Eastern mint.

Obv. Draped bust right, on crescent SALONINA AVG

Rev. Ivno standing left holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet IVNO REGINA.

RIC13s. aUNC. Simply superb, perfect style, fabric and strike on perfectly round flan with full silvering. Very rare in this condition.

4 commentsLordBest
Copy_of_hadrian_denarius_FEL-PR_3_31gr_obv_09_rev_07.JPG
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Felicitas seated - FEL PR in exergue50 viewsImperial Rome, Hadrian 117–138 AD.
Silver Denarius of Rome.
obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS III - Felicitas seated left with caduceus & cornucopiae, FEL P R in exergue.

Weight: 3.31g.

RIC 120, RSC 600a.
1 commentsrexesq
Copy_of_hadrian_denarius_FEL-PR_3_31gr_obv_07_rev_06.JPG
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Felicitas seated - FEL PR in exergue 54 viewsImperial Rome, Hadrian 117–138 AD.
Silver Denarius of Rome.
obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS III - Felicitas seated left with caduceus & cornucopiae, FEL P R in exergue.

Weight: 3.31g.

RIC 120, RSC 600a.
rexesq
Copy_of_hadrian_denarius_FEL-PR_3_31gr_obv_02.JPG
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Felicitas seated - FEL PR in exergue - obverse.27 viewsImperial Rome, Hadrian 117–138 AD.
Silver Denarius of Rome.
obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS III - Felicitas seated left with caduceus & cornucopiae, FEL P R in exergue.

Weight: 3.31g.

RIC 120, RSC 600a.
rexesq
hadrian_denarius_FEL-PR_3_31gr_02.jpg
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Felicitas seated - FEL PR in exergue - reverse. 10 viewsImperial Rome, Hadrian 117–138 AD.
Silver Denarius of Rome.
obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS III - Felicitas seated left with caduceus & cornucopiae, FEL P R in exergue.

Weight: 3.31g.

RIC 120, RSC 600a.
rexesq
hadrian_ar-denarius_-scales_feb2012.jpg
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Moneta standing.37 views~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian ( 117 - 138 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAJAN HADRIANUS AUG - Laureate head of Emperor Hadrian facing right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Moneta (?) standing holding scales in one hand and cornucopia in other.

3.1 Grams
~~~
~
2 commentsrexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_rev_06_cut.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. 19 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_01.jpg
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.39 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_obv_03_rev_06.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.33 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
3 commentsrexesq
540152_498248696878713_800190106_n.jpg
04 Constantius II72 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling enemy horseman, hair straight up, reaching backwards, LXXII to left, S between AQS in ex.
RIC Aquileia 193


"The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard."
Randygeki(h2)
VHC04-coin.jpg
04- BRITISH HONDURAS (BELIZE), 50 CENTS, KM1022 viewsSize: 35.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.3456 oz. Mintage: 10,000.
Grade: NGC VF Details/Scratches (Cert. # 4080257-001).
Comments: Purchased raw on eBay.
lordmarcovan
RI_044x_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right with slight drapery on far shoulder (Legend reversed as AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS)
Rev:- COS III, Victory standing right holding wreath and palm (Legend reversed as III COS)
Minted in Eastern Mint. A.D. 129-131
Reference:– BMCRE -. Strack -. RIC -. RSC -. Apparently unpublished.

Strack knew just three Eastern denarii with this transposed obv. legend, including one with a Minerva standing rev. type in the Trau coll., Strack's pl. XVIII, *18. Curtis Clay has another example with this obverse with the Minerva type. This would appear to be a fifth specimen from this obverse die but with a new reverse type.

Additional information on this coin from Curtis Clay:-
"Interesting. Apparently a new rev. type on the Eastern denarii, of uncertain origin.

That's admittedly a fairly standard Victory advancing right rev. type, but I find no such type on any denarius of Hadrian from the mint of Rome, nor on his Asian cistophori.

A similar type does occur on Hadrian's silver quinarii, and on a rather scarce denarius of Trajan struck in 112 but these seem unlikely sources for a type on Hadrian's Eastern denarii.

Moreover on the Roman coins Victory grasps the stem of the palm over her shoulder in her left fist, thumb upwards, whereas on the Eastern denarius she palms the stem, holding it with her downwards pointing thumb while apparently keeping her fingers extended. I imagine that this detail may go back to the source copied, since it seems unlikely that the engraver changed it on his own whim."
maridvnvm
GI_044b_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Drachm - Pontos, Amisos25 viewsSilver drachm
Obv:– AVT KAI TPA ADPIANOC CEB P P VP G, Laureate bust left
Rev:– AMICOV ELEVQEPA-C ETOVC PXE, Demeter standing left holding corn ears & branched staff
Pontos, Amisos. Dated Year 166 of Amisos = 133-134 AD.
References:- cf SGI 1139, cf SNGvA 80. BMC Greek, pg. 22 Pontus 91. J.H. Nordbo, Imperial Silver Coinage of Amisus, 131/2-137/8 AD, Studies...Thomsen, p. 168, Year 166=133/4 AD, specimens 102-113
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_044j_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Silver Quinarius - RIC 003729 viewsObv:- IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate bust right with drapery on far shoulder
Rev:- P M TR P COS II, Victory seated leftholding wreath and palm
Minted in Rome. A.D. 118
Reference:– BMCRE 56. RIC 37. RSC 1052.

Weight 1.02g. 13.77mm.
maridvnvm
aurelianant.JPG
045. Aurelian, 270-275AD. BI Antoninianus.43 viewsBI Antoninianus. Unattributed mint.
Obv.Radiate and cuirassed bust right IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
Rev. Female figure presenting the emperor with wreath RESTITVT ORBIS

RIC 399, Cohen 192.

A bit dirty, significant silvering left. A great portrait and reverse..
LordBest
tacitusant~0.JPG
046. Tacitus, 275-276AD. BI Antoninianus. 29 viewsBI Antoninianus. Ticinum mint.
Obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG

Rev. Mars left, holding branch, spear and shield. MARTI PACIF, S in exe.

RIC VI 145F, Cohen 60..

Lovely, silvered coin. EF. Superb full circle centering on both sides.
LordBest
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_001.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'59 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_03_rev_04.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .44 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
1 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_25c_obv_02.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' . US Quarter.28 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
hadrian_tet_eagle_12_1gr_year-5_00.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 525 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
4 commentsrexesq
DSC06723_DSC06731_hadrian_tet.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 5 21 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
rexesq
83~2~0.jpg
050 VABALATHUS30 views OBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: VABALATHVS V C R IM D R
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//A
MINT: ANTIOCHIA
EMMISSION: 2
RIC TEMP: 3102 (32 EX.)
NOTE: VERY RARE IN SUCH AN EXCELLENT CONDITION AND WITH FULL SILVERING !!!
Barnaba6
Faustina-Sr-RIC-394a.jpg
057. Faustina Senior.16 viewsDenarius, after 141 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: DIVA AVG FAVSTINA / Bust of Faustina.
Reverse: PIETAS AVG / Pietas veiled, standing, dropping incense on altar, and holding a box.
3.59 gm., 18.5 mm.
RIC #394a; Sear #4598.

Faustina died early on in the reign of her husband. Most of her coinage is from the extensive memorial coinage issued in the years after her death. The portrait on this particular coin is exceptionally elegant and dignified.

Visible on the reverse (lower right edge) of this coin is an inclusion of copper that did not get melted and mixed with the silver when the planchet was made. That this coin is probably not a fouree is evidenced by the fact that it weighs a bit more than other denarii of the period.
Callimachus
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_AD140-144_aequitas-aug_01.jpg
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius 'AEQUITAS AUG'31 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius 'AEQUITAS' - Struck 140 - 144 AD at the Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right
rev: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left holding scales and sceptre.

3.1 Grams
1 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_00.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA55 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
4 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_04_rev_05.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA18 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_02_rev_03.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA32 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
2 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA15 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_05.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA - obv17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_rev_07.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA - rev12 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_14.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 11 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
rexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_13.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 10 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
rexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar 33 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
3 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_divus-antoninus_altar_2_99gr_00.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - Posthumous Issue - Altar.21 viewsImperial Rome
Antoninus Pius ( 138-161 AD.)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.
Posthumous Issue struck under Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

obv: DIVVS ANTONINVS - Bare head right.
rev: DIVO PIO - Altar/Shrine with doors closed.

RIC III-441 (Marcus Aurelius).

2.99gr.
--------
Seller Photo.
2 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_marcus-aurelius_denarius_01.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, bare head of Marcus Aurelius reverse.8 viewsAncient Roman Empire.
Silver Denarius struck under Emperor Antoninus Pius(138 - 161 AD); with Marcus Aurelius as Caesar. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINUS AUG PIUS PP TRP COS III - Laureate head of Emperor Antoninus Pius facing right.

rev: AURELIUS CAESAR AUG PII F COS - Bare head of a young Marcus Aurelius facing right.
rexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012a.JPG
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

*Note how the two head feathers on the top of the Peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in " CONSECR ATIO ' on the reverse.
***Less common type with Veiled bust obverse rather than her usual bust with hair wrapped on the top of her head, like on my other example of this type with the same reverse design and titles, and the same obverse titles.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>^..^< CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE IMAGE >^..^
5 commentsrexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012b.jpg
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~
*Note how the head feathers on the peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in CONSECR ATIO

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
----------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------
** Any scratches, smudges or marks are on the slab, not the coin itself. **
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_peacock_2_62gr_00.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' 30 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.

rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0122 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_04_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0212 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_14_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0312 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_13_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0415 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_06_off-color.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - off color10 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
*photo is off color due to my camera problems.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_09.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - VII11 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.

Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.

2.62 grams.
rexesq
IMG_3784.jpg
06 Constantius II28 viewsConstantius II
DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG
pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO
Soldier spearing horseman, no beard, Phrygian helmet, clutching
CONSA / Γ left /Dot center
Constantinople 106
ex thomas d walker
Some silvering (redish/copper toning)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
VHC06-coin.JPG
06- CANADA, 5 CENTS, KM2.24 viewsSize: 18.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.0346 oz. Mintage: 2,000,000.
Grade: Raw VF+ to XF (some nicks, but also some pretty toning- which may be heat-induced, but I don't care).
Comments: Purchased from Bobby Hurst, aka "forvm" on eBay. Though not perfect, it will serve as an attractive "filler" until I step up to a full UNC.
lordmarcovan
RI_064qq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -16 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DEVC, Fortuna seated left holding rudder and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMC W Page 108 * var (citing Cohen 168 though Cohen 168 is PERT). RIC 451 var (451 listed for PERT and noted for PERET (RD)). RSC 168 var (PERET for PERT)

Lamination issue that has left a lump of silver missing on the portrait.
maridvnvm
RI_064jr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34615 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– ARAB ADIAB COS II P P, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, trophy on left shoulder
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 195
References:– RIC IV 346; BMCRE 326; RSC 47a

2.11g. 17.97mm. 0o

Heavily toned silver which has then developed a desert patina.
maridvnvm
RI_065an_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - 607a24 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. RIC IV 607a. RSC 3a.

BMCRE, RIC and RSC all refer to the same coin in Vienna which is queried as being plated.

Curtis provided this additional information however:-
"Bickford-Smith, Mint of Alexandria, unpublished typescript (1993), p. 91: four specimens known to him, in Vienna, Berlin, Basel, and Tbilisi.

BMC and RIC refer to the Vienna specimen, which they are wrong to classify as a plated hybrid: it is a regular, solid-silver coin."
maridvnvm
GI_066j_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Tetdradrachm - Hierapolis - Prieur 92618 viewsSilver Tetradrachm
Obv:- AYT K M A - ANTWNINOC - CEN, Laureate head right
Rev:- DHMARX EX Y PATOCTO D, Eagle standing facing, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, lion walking right between legs
Minted in Hierapolis (modern day Membij). A.D. 215-217 (Prieur)
Reference:- Prieur 926 (18 examples cited)
maridvnvm
VHC07-coin.JPG
07- CANADA, 10 CENTS, KM3.14 viewsSize: 21.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.0691 oz. Mintage: 1,200,000.
Grade: ICG MS62 (Cert.# 2748922901).
Comments: Purchased at a show on my behalf by Don Rupp, who let me swap him some other coins for it, 11/2009.
lordmarcovan
07-Alex-Pella-P250.jpg
07. "Pella": Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.33 viewsTetradrachm, ca 315 - 310 BC, "Pella" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Boeotian shield at left, Σ. between the rungs of the throne.
17.24 gm., 26 mm.
P. #250; PROa #135.

Alexander appointed Antipater regent in Macedon during his absence. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Antipater continued ruling as regent until his own death in 319 BC. Thereafter his son Kassander ruled until 297 BC, eventually taking the title of King in 305 BC. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 BC he killed Alexander's widow and her young son. The silver coinage of Kassander's reign was all issued in the name of Alexander.
Callimachus
RI 077u img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 06426 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P VI COS II P P, Equitas standing left with scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Rome, A.D. 227
References:– RIC 64, RSC 312
This is a typical example of a silver coin that has undergone a heavy chemical cleaning process, where the sufraces of the coin have started to break down, giving a frosted appearance to the fields.
maridvnvm
DSC06878_DSC06880_hadrian_tet-alexandria.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche13 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia ?

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
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rexesq
hadrian_alexandria-tet_00.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche24 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
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-
3 commentsrexesq
VHC08-coin.jpg
08- CANADA, 25 CENTS, KM5.20 viewsSize: 28 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.1728 oz. Mintage: 640,000.
Grade: NGC VF30 (Cert.# 4080257-002, Ex-ICCS VF20).
Comments: Purchased in an ICCS holder from eBay, later crossed to NGC.
lordmarcovan
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_00.JPG
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol36 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
1 commentsrexesq
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_02.jpg
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol16 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
rexesq
VHC09-coin.jpg
09- CANADA, 50 CENTS, KM6.15 viewsSize: 35.5 mm. Composition: .925 Silver/.3456 oz. Mintage: 80,000.
Grade: NGC G6 (Cert.# 4080257-003).
Comments: Purchased raw on eBay. These are tough. I find this one pleasing for a low-grade example.
lordmarcovan
111_036.JPG
090 Vespasian88 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Silver denarius, RIC II part 1, 362; SRCV I 2317, BMCRE II 74, F, 2.879g, 17.2mm, 195o, Rome mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, crowning legionary standard with wreath with right, palm across shoulder in left.

"This type likely refers to the victory in Judaea but does not specifically identify that victory."
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
victorituts.jpg
095/1a Victoriatus52 viewsAnonymous. 211-208B.C. AR Victoriatus. Uncertain Mint. (2.74g, 16mm, 12h). Obv: Laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory standing right, crowing trophy; VB monogram between. Crawford 95/1a. Sydenham 113, RSC 36m.

An interesting denomination, he Victoriatus circulated at the same time as the denarius but was made of debased silver and could have been valued at ¾ a denarius. It was hoarded separately from denarii, and could have been used for trade in southern Italy among the Greek colonies. It was later remade into the Quninarri keeping the victory motif from the old Victoriatus.
1 commentsLucas H
Geta-RSC-220a.jpg
097. Geta.9 viewsDenarius, 209-210, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG / Laureate bust of Geta.
Reverse: VICTORIAE BRIT / Victory holding wreath and palm.
2.88 gm., 18 mm.
RSC #220a; RIC unlisted.

This coin is a mule, and as such it is a very rare coin. A mule is a coin struck from dies that are normally not used together. In this case, an earlier obverse die with an earlier legend was used with the VICTORIAE BRIT reverse. The obverse legend should read P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT and is listed that way as RIC #91. Roman Silver Coins (Seaby) lists this mule as #220a based on two offerings of apparently the same specimen in Seaby's Bulletin in 1950 and 1952, not illustrated either time. (Thanks to Curtis Clay for this information.)
Callimachus
V1496lg.jpg
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Soloi_Stater_Amazon.jpg
0a Amazon Stater21 viewsSilver Stater 20mm Struck circa 440-410 B.C.
Soloi in Cilicia

Amazon kneeling left, holding bow, quiver on left hip
ΣOΛEΩN, Grape cluster on vine; A-Θ to either side of stalk, monogram to lower right

Sear 5602 var.; Casabonne Type 3; SNG France 135; SNG Levante

This coin depicts an amazon in historically accurate garb. Unfortunately, the bow is corroded away on this piece, but it is pointed toward her. She wears the Scythian hat, which also has a bit along the top corroded away. The quiver on her hip is an accurate portrayal of the gorytos (quiver), which was nearly two feet long, fashioned of leather, and often decorated. Fortunately, there is redundancy in this image, and a second bow is shown as in its place in the gorytos, which had separate chambers for arrows and the bow, where the archer stored it while not in use. The amazon has just finished stringing her bow and is adjusting the top hook to make sure the strings and limbs are properly aligned. She has strung the bow using her leg to hold one limb in place so she can use both hands to string the weapon. Her recurve bow was made of horn (ibex, elk, ox) wrapped with horse hair, birch bark, or sinew (deer, elk, ox) and glue (animal or fish) wrapped around a wood core. The bow was about 30 inches long. Arrow heads from grave sites come in bone, wood, iron, and bronze with two or three flanges; the shafts were made of reed or wood (willow, birch, poplar) and fletched with feathers. Poisoned arrows were sometimes painted to resemble vipers. A Scythian archer could probably fire 15-20 arrows per minute with accuracy to 200 feet and range to 500-600 feet. Distance archery with modern reconstructions suggests a maximum unaimed flight distance of 1,600 feet. (Mayor 209ff)

Soloi was founded about 700 B.C.and came under Persian rule. According to Diodorus, when the amazons were engaging in conquest in Asia Minor, the Cilicians accepted them willingly and retained their independence. Soloi may be named after Solois, a companion of Theseus, who married the amazon Antiope. The amazon on the coin may well be Antiope. (Mayor, 264-265)
Blindado
Alexander the Great Drachm.jpg
1. Alexander the Great, Silver Drachm125 views336-323 BC
Obv. Herakles head right
Rev. Zeus seated left
Zam
IMG_0134.JPG
1.0 Khusroe II69 viewsKhusroe II
Sassanian (Persian) Empire
Silver Dirhem
30 mm.

Khusroe II conquered Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire, but soon lost it in a counter offensive by Emperor Heraclius.
Zam
IMG_0136.JPG
1.01 Khusroe II39 viewsSassanian Empire (Persia)
Silver dirhem
fire altar with two attendants
Zam
legiovi4TN.jpg
1.3 Marcus Anotonius AR Legionary Denarius. Legion VI Ferrata60 viewssilver denarius, gF
32-31 BC
obv. ANT AVG III VIR R P C Praetorian Galley
rev. LEG VI eagle between standards

"The Iroonclads" were a legion created under Julius Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 52 BC. The name is probably a reference to the suits of armor that they wore.
Zam
vcoin4046.jpg
1.31 Crusader - Antioch98 viewsBohemund III (1163-1201)
Crusader State of Antioch
silver denier
18 mm .92 g
Malloy Antioch 65

Obv: †BOAMVNDVS
helmeted bust facing left, upward facing crescent on left, star on right

Rev: †AMTIOCNIA
Large Cross with downward facing cross in upper-right quarter
Spelling mistake - M instead of N in "Antioch"
1 commentsEcgþeow
miletos_1_12_stater.jpg
1/12 stater; Head of lion left/ Star in incuse squar29 viewsIonia, Miletos. Circa 6th– c. 5th c. B.C. 1/12 Stater Silver. 1,1g. 8mm. Obs: Head of roaring lion right. Rev: Star in incuse square. SNG Kayhan 462v. Podiceps
15319267_10206936956416943_6673180885513755733_n.jpg
1000 Reis, Silver. Brazil 185816 viewsAntonivs Protti
coin283.JPG
105c. Lucilla32 viewsAnnia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla (March 7, 150–183) was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger.

In AD 164, she was betrothed by her father to his co-emperor and adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, gaining the title of Augusta. Following his death she married Pompeianus. Lucilla was implicated in several plots to overthrow Commodus (her brother and then emperor) and was banished to the island of Capreae in AD 182. Shortly afterwards she was put to death by Commodus.

Silver Denarius Obv: LVCILLA AVG ANTONINI AVG F - Bare head right, draped. Rev: VENVS - Venus standing left, holding apple and scepter. Rome mint: AD 165-169 RIC III, 784, page 276 - Cohen 70- SEAR RCV II (2002), 5491, page 370 /3.05 g.
ecoli
Aurelianus_AE-silvered-Ant_AVRELIANVS-AVG_ORI-E-NS-AVG_S_RIC-V-I-135-p-RIC-T-1509_iss-5-Ph-1_off-2_Mediolanum_274-AD_Q-001_7h_20,5-21,5mm_3,70ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #185 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1509, RIC V-I 135, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG, -/-/S, Sol standing faceing, head left, #1
avers:- AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ORIENS AVG, Sol standing facing, head left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand; at feet to left, a bound and seated captive in oriental dress. (Sol 2c)
exerg: -/-/S, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axes: 7h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-5, ph-1, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1509 (Estiot), RIC V-I 135,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-silvered-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCO-RDxxx_RIC-V-I--p-RIC-T-_271-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_21-22,5mm_5,35g-ys.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1956, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,113 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1956, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,
avers:-IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/T//--, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 5,35g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, iss-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1956 (Estiot), RIC V-I 192,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-D1_IOVI-CON-SER-1b_P_RIC-V-260var-RIC-T-2559_1-1st-off_1st-iss_Serdica_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_21mm_2,95g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!149 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1b).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 7h,
mint: Serdica, iss-1, off-1, date: 271. A.D., ref: T-2559.1 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260var, Extr. Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1553_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_U-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1553_Ticinium_iss-4_5th-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_4,38ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1553 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//UXXT, Fides and Sol, #1142 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1553 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//UXXT, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//UXXT, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 4,38g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1553 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1554_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_V-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1554_C-x_Ticinium_5th-off_274-275-AD__Q-008_5h_21-22mm_2,31g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #1123 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 22mm, weight: 2,31g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1554 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1554_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_V-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1554_C-x_Ticinium_5th-off_274-275-AD__Q-002_6h_21,5-22mm_3,81g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #2141 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1554 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1560_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1560_Ticinium_iss-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1560 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1119 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1560 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off- , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1560 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1561_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_PXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1561_Ticinium_iss-5_off-1_275-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,99g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//PXXT, diameter:22mm, weight: 3,99g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-1 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1561 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1564_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_PXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1564_Ticinium_iss-5_off-4_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-22,5mm_3,02g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1564 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//QXXT, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1564 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//QXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//QXXT, diameter:21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,02g, axes:5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-4 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1564 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1566_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_VXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1566_Ticinium_iss-5_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-23mm_4,13g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1566 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//VXXT, Concordia standing left, #1127 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1566 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//VXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//VXXT, diameter:21,5-23mm, weight: 4,13g, axes:11h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-5 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1566 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1568_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM___XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1568_Ticinium_iss-5_6th-off_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22mm_3,19g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #1136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//μXXT, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,19g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-6 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1568 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1568_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM___XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1568_Ticinium_iss-5_6th-off_275-AD_Q-002_11h_22-23mm_3,67g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #2119 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//μXXT, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-6 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1568 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1792_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCO-RDI-AE-MILITVM__-XXI-R_RIC-3_RIC-T-1792_Rome_iss-10_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,57g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1792 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ΓXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #1126 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1792 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ΓXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCO RDIA AVG G, Empress standing right, holding an unidentified object in left hand, clasping the hand of Emperor standing left, holding short sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Empress 2)
exergue: -/-//ΓXXIR, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,57g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, off-3 , date: 274 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 3., T-1792 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1796_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG-G__-XXI-R_RIC-3_RIC-T-1796_Rome_iss-10_6-off_274-AD_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_3,69g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1796 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ςXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #1193 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1796 (Estiot), RIC V-I 003, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, -/-//ςXXIR, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCO-RDIA-AVG-G, Empress standing right, holding unidentified object in left hand, clasping the hand of Emperor standing left, holding short sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Empress 2)
exerg: -/-//ςXXIR, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,69g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, iss-10, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: RIC-3., T-1796 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1818_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM___XXIR_RIC-4_RIC-T-1818_Rome_iss-11_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22mm_4,36g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1818 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Γ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1143 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1818 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Γ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Γ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/Γ//XXIR, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1818 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1820_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_D_XXIR_RIC-4_RIC-T-1820_Rome_iss-11_4-off_275-AD_Q-001_1h_22mm_4,32g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1132 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Δ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/Δ//XXIR, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,32g, axes:1h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1820 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1820,_107_Severina,_AE-Ant-Silvered,_SEVERI_NA_AVG,_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM,_-D,_XXIR,_RIC_V-I_4,_Rome,_iss-11,_off-4,_275-AD,_Q-002,_0h,_22,5-23mm,_3,81g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2106 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. "Δ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Δ//XXIR, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,81g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 4., T-1820 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1824_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_(C-3)_E_XXI-R_RIC-4_T-1824_Rome_iss-11_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,67g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1824 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Є//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1180 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1824 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Є//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. "Є" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Є//XXIR, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1824 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1825_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_Digamma-XXI-R_RIC-4_RIC-T-1825_C-7_Rome_iss-11_off-6_318p_275-AD_Q-001_0h_19,7-21,6mm_3,77g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1161 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "ϛ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 19,7-20,6mm, weight: 3,77g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1825_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_Digamma-XXI-R_RIC-4_RIC-T-1825_Rome_iss-11_off-6_318p_275-AD_Q-002_0h_20-22,5mm_3,04g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2151 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. ϛ in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-001_7h_17,5-19,5mm_1,72g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #1155 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 17,5-19,5mm, weight: 1,72g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-002_7h_18,8-19,5mm_2,44g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #2151 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18,8-19,5mm, weight:2,44g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-003_0h_18-19mm_1,78ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #3136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #3
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-FELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 1,78g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-003
quadrans
Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_VENVS-FELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_C-_Rome_3rd-off_275-AD__Q-007_0_18,5mm_1,78g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #4106 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #4
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-FELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: g, axes: 0
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-004
quadrans
T-1861_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX_E_RIC-6_RIC-T-1861_Rome_11-iss_5-off_275-AD_Q-001_6h_18,6-19,6mm_1,77g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1861 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//E, Venus standing left, #1150 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1861 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//E, Venus standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//E, diameter: 18,6-19,6mm, weight: 1,77g, axes:6h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1861 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1888_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG(E2)_CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM_(C-3)_R-B_XXI_RIC-4_RIC-T-1888_Rome_iss-12_off-2_275-AD_Q-001_4h_21-22mm_3,63g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1888 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, R/B//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1152 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1888 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, R/B//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand."R-B" across the field.(Concordia 3)
exerg: R/B//XXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,63g, axes:4h,
mint: Rome, iss-12, off-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1888 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2405_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG_CONCO-RDIAE-M-ILITVM_T-XXI_RIC-13_RIC-T-2405_C-7_Siscia_p_274-275-AD__Q-001_5h_221,5-22,5mm_3,43g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2405 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//TXXI, Concordia standing left, #1138 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2405 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//TXXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERINAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//TXXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,00g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-2, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2405 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2419_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_P_XXI_RIC-13_T-2419_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_1-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_6h_22-23mm_2,76g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2419 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/P//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1167 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2419 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/P//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/P//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,76g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-1, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2419 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2430_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_Q_XXI_RIC-13_T-2430_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_4-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_1h_21,5-22,5mm_3,00g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2430 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Q//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1133 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2430 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Q//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERIN AE AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE M ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Q//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,00g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2430 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2436_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_V_XXI_RIC-13_T-2436_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_5-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_1h_21-22mm_3,43g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2436 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1125 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2436 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/V//XXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2436 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2823_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_star_KA-dot-_-dot_RIC-16_RIC-T-2823_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_3-off_274-5-AD_Q-001_6h_24mm_4,53g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #1167 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,53g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-3 , date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2823 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2823_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_star_KA-dot-_-dot_RIC-16_RIC-T-2823_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_3-off_274-5-AD_Q-002_6h_24mm_2,53g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #2136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 24mm, weight: 2,53g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2823 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-2827_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_(E2),_(E-C1)_star_KA-__RIC-16_RIC-T-2827_C-x_Serdica_4-off_274-275-AD__Q-001_11h_23-25mm_3,88g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #1179 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers: SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers: CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA Δ, diameter: 23-25mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2827 (Estiot), LV 10060-1,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2827_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_(E2),_(E-C1)_star_KA-__RIC-16_RIC-T-2827_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_4-off_274-275-AD_Q-002_5h_24mm_3,84g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #2150 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA Δ, diameter: 24mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2827 (Estiot),
Q-002
quadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-001_11h_22mm_4,47g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1270 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,47g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-002_0h_22-23mm_3,96g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2179 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-002
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Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_RIC-T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_318p_270-275-AD__Q-007_6h_22mm_3,47g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #3321 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #3
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-003
1 commentsquadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-004_0h_22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #4133 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #4
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-004
quadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-005_11h_23-25,5mm_3,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #5149 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #5
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 23-25,5mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-005
quadrans
T-3183_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVER-INA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_H_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3183_Antioch_5-iss-8-off_274-5-AD_Q-001_5h_19,5-22,0mm_3,95g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, H/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, Rare!125 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, H/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, Rare!
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "H" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: H/-//XXI, diameter: 19,5-22,0mm, weight: 3,95g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-5, off-8, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3183 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3187_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3187_Antioch_6-iss-1-off_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,8-23,0mm_3,74g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1132 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "P" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: P/-//XXI, diameter: 21,8-23,0mm, weight: 3,74g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-1, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3187 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
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T-3187_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3187_Antioch_6-iss-1-off_275-AD_Q-002_5h_20,0-24,1mm_4,28g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2179 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "P" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: P/-//XXI, diameter: 22,0-24,1mm, weight: 4,28g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-1, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3187 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-3189_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3189_Antioch_6-iss-2-off_275-AD_Q-002_6h_22,5-23,7mm_4,08ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3189 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3189 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "S" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: S/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,7mm, weight: 4,08g, axes:6h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3189 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVER-INA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_Q_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3193_Antioch_6-iss-4-off_275-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22,5mm_3,90g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3193 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Q/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,180 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3193 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Q/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Q" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: Q/-//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3193 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3198_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_VI-XXI_RIC-20_T-3198_Antioch_6-iss-6-off_275-AD_Q-01_6h_21-22,5mm_3,54g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3198 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, VI/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1149 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3198 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, VI/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "VI" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: VI/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3198 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!204 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
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sept-severus_denarius_hercules.jpg
11 - Septimius Severus AR Denarius - ' 'HERCULI DEFENS ' - Hercules81 viewsRoman Empire, Severan Dynasty.
Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) Silver Denarius.

obv: - Laureate head right.
rev: HERCULI DEFENS - Hercules standing facing right, leaning on club, cloaked w/ lionskin.
---------
Nice reverse!
6 commentsrexesq
septimius-severus_AR-denarius_VICT-PART-MAX_00.jpg
11 - Septimius Severus AR Denarius - AD 202 - 'Total Victory in Parthia'26 viewsRoman Empire, Severan Dynasty.
Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) Silver Denarius.
VICT PART MAX -'Total Victory in Parthia'
"My victory in Parthia was complete"
Struck in AD 202 at the Rome Mint.

obv: SEVERUS PIUS AVG - Laureate head right.
rev: VICT PART MAX - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

2.0 Grams, 20.5 mm.
---------
Nice portrait, nice bit of obverse toning, well centered.
2 commentsrexesq
T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,23g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-001
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T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-002_6h_22,5-23,5mm_4,57g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #272 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,57g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-I-NVICTO_star-RB_RIC-V-II-204var-p39_3rd-em-Rome_Notin-this-off_278-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, Sol in spread quadriga,99 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- SO-LI-I-N-VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//* R-B, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), p-39,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-R_RIC-V-II-204var(Not_in_thisBust)-p-39_Rome_2nd-emiss_277-AD_Q-x01_axis-5h_22-25mm_4,66g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H-var (Not in RIC), Sol in spread quadriga,113 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H-var (Not in RIC), Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, and globe in right hand. (H-var Not in RIC)
revers:- SO-LI-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 22-25mm, weight: 4,66g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204var (Not in RIC), p-39,
Q-001
"What is particularly interesting in this coin is that it was unlisted till now with this exergue // R (cf. S. Estiot & Ph. Gysen, L'atelier de Rome au début du règne de Probus: corpus et documents inédits, Revue Numismatique 2006, tables p. 254-255)
[downloadable : http://www.academia.edu/1368399/Latelier_de_Rome_au_debut_du_regne_de_Probus_276-277_corpus_et_documents_inedits ]
In fact since our 2006 article has been published, I realized that there was such a coin in Vienna: so Joe's is the second known exemplary; furthermore, it has been struck with the same reverse die as the coin in Vienna. "by S.Estiot, Thank you S. Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-L-I-INVIC-T-O_R_RIC-V-II-204-p39_3rd-em-Rome_278-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,04ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R, Sol in spread quadriga,178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- SO-L-I-IN-VIC-T-O, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter:21,5-22,5 mm, weight:3,04 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204, p-39,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_VIRTVS-AVGVSTI_exe-R_RIC-V-II-243var(Not_in_this_Bust)-p-42_Rome_2nd-emiss_277-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5-23mm_3,45g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,79 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 243 var, Rome, VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Bust-F-var with spear (Not in RIC), Emperor standing left,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear. (F-var with spear, Not in RIC)
revers:- _VIRTVS-AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, holding sceptre and crowning trophy; to left, captive.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 3,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 243 var (Not in RIC), p-42,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-A-VG-(G)_VIRTVS-AVG_PXXT_RIC-430_Ticinum-4th-em_278-AD_Q-001_0h_23,5mm_4,38g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 430, Ticinum, VIRTVS AVG, Bust-G, -/-//PXXT, Mars walking right,67 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 430, Ticinum, VIRTVS AVG, Bust-G, -/-//PXXT, Mars walking right,
avers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (9,G)
revers:- VIRTVS-AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exerg: -/-//PXXT, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 4,38g, axis:0h,
mint: Ticinium, 4th emission, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-430, p-, C-,
Q-003
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_S-O-LI-INVICT-O_KA-Delta_RIC-861_C-_Serdica-3rd-emission-_277-AD__Q-001_6h_22-23mm_3,81g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 861, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//KAΔ, Sol in spread quadriga, #166 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 861, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//KAΔ, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
reverse: S O LI IN VICT O, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding the globe in left.
exergue: -/-//KAΔ, no exergual line, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica 3rd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-861,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H-r_)_S-O-LI-INVICTO_KAdotGammadot_RIC-V-II-864-p112_Serdica_276-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,45g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,121 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H-var right, Not in RIC)
revers:- S-O-LI-IN-VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, 3rd emission of Serdica, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 864 (Not in RIC), p-112,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_KA-dot-Gamma-dot_RIC-877-p-113_G_Serdica-4th-emission-277_880-81-AD_Q-001_5h_22-22,5mm_3,66g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 877, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, #174 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 877, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,66g, axes:5h,
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D.,(80-81 A.D.), ref: RIC-V-II-877, p-113,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_KA-dot-Gamma-dot_RIC--p-114_Serdica--em--AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 877, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-H, (Bust-H Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, #192 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 877, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-H, (Bust-H Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo:-/-//KA•Γ•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes:h
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-877 (Bust-H Not in RIC), p-113,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_KA-B_RIC-878-p-114_G_Serdica-4th-emission-277_880-81-AD_Q-001_5h_23-24mm_4,04g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #2122 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 878, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-G, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, #2
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G)
revers: VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KAB, diameter: 23,5mm, weight: 3,85g, axes:0 h,
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D.,(80-81 A.D.), ref: RIC-V-II-878, p-114,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-no_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,28g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #192 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, - officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-, p-118, (La Venèra: 1 example), R3!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_B_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #184 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//B, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-2, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,12g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1103 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-002_6h_22mm_3,92g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,92g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Quinar-Silvered_PROBVS-AVG_VIVICTORIA-GERM_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-5h_14,5-15,5mm_1,33gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Quinar, RIC V-II , VICTORIA GERM, Bust-G, Trophy between two captives. MODERN IMITATION!!!89 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Quinar, RIC V-II , VICTORIA GERM, Bust-G, Trophy between two captives. MODERN IMITATION!!!
avers:- PROBVS-AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (G).
revers:- VICTORIA-GERM, Trophy between two captives..
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 1,33g, axis-5h,
mint: MODERN IMITATION!!!, date: , ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(G)_PAX-AVG_XXI-S_RIC-V-II-704_Alfoldi-41-no-111_Siscia-4th-em-Scarce_277-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5-23mm_4,07g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0111, -/-//XXIS, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 704, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Scarce!311 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0111, -/-//XXIS, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 704, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (E1/G).
reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 4,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission, 2nd off., date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 704, Alföldi 0041.0111, Scarce!
Q-001
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Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG_VICTORIAE-AVG_KA-P_RIC-800_C-_Siscia-4th-emission-rare_277-AD__Q-001_axis-180_20-21mm_2,46g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0088.0001, -/-//KAP, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 800, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE AVG, Two Victories, Rare!!!152 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0088.0001, -/-//KAP, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 800, AE-Antoninianus, VICTORIAE AVG, Two Victories, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
reverse: VICTORIAE AVG, Two Victories standing face to face, clasping hands before palm-tree.
exergue: -/-//KAP, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th. emission of Siscia, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 800, p-103, Alföldi 0088.0001, Rare!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_VIRTVS-AVGVSTI_XXIVI_RIC-V-II-804-p-5th-em-_Alfoldi-91_No-5_Siscia_278-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0091.0005, -/-//XXIVI, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 804, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, crowning trophy, Scarce! 118 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0091.0005, -/-//XXIVI, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 804, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, crowning trophy, Scarce!
avers: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B/F).
reverse: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor standing left, crowning trophy, at the foot, captive.
exergue: -/-//XXIVI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 5th emission of Siscia, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 804, p-, Alföldi 0091.0005, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-A-VG_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-AVG_T-right-field_XXI_RIC-816_C-_Siscia-5th-emission-scarce_278-AD__Q-001_axis-0_21-22mm_3,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0155, -/T//XXI, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 816, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Scarce!133 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0155, -/T//XXI, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 816, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P A VG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (E1/G).
reverse: VIRTVS PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy, T right -field.
exergue: -/T//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission of Siscia, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 816, p-106, C-894-96, Alföldi 0096.0155, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_VIRTV-S-PR-OBI-AVG_S_XXI_RIC-810-p-105_Alfoldi-96-no-64_Siscia-7th-em_280-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-22,5mm_3,76ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0172, -/S//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right,77 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0172, -/S//XXI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right,
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H).
reverse: VIRTV S PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/S//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia, 7th em., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 810, p-105, Alföldi 0096.0172,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_VIRT-VSPR-OBI-AVG_XXI-S_RIC-810-p-105_Alfoldi-96-no-178_Siscia-4th-em_277-AD_Q-001_1h_21,5-23,5mm_3,18g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0178, -/-//XXIS, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, 66 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0178, -/-//XXIS, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right,
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle. (H2/H).
reverse: VIRT VS PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,18g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, 4th em., date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 810, p-105, Alföldi 0096.0178,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(C)_VIRTV-S-PR-OBI-AVG_P_XXI_RIC-810-p-105_Alfoldi-96-no-189_Siscia-7th-em_280-AD_Q-001_11h_21-23mm_3,85g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0189, -/P//XXI, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, 151 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0189, -/P//XXI, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 810, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right,
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back. (A2/C).
reverse: VIRTV S PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/P//XXI, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,85g, axis:11h,
mint: Siscia, 7th em., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 810, p-105, Alföldi 0096.0189,
Q-001
quadrans
112- Constantine-20.JPG
112- Constantine The Great -2042 viewsSilvered AE3, 317-320 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding globe and mappa.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Wreath left A right.
SMK in exergue.
17mm, 3.1gm.
Mule, RIC 8 Obv, RIC 10-12 Rev.
jdholds
s-l400_(77).jpg
1131 - 1141 AD, Hungary - silver Denar of Bela II6 viewsHungary
Bela II (1131 - 1141 AD)
AR (silver) Denar, weight: 0.35 gram.
rexesq
s-l400_(78).jpg
1131 - 1141 AD, Hungary - silver Denar of Bela II.9 viewsHungary
Bela II (1131 - 1141 AD)
AR (silver) Denar, weight: 0.35 gram.
rexesq
HENRY_II_Tealby_AR_Penny.JPG
1154 - 1189, HENRY II, AR 'Tealby' Penny, Struck 1158 - 1163 at Canterbury (?), England34 viewsObverse: (HE)NRI • R(EX• A -). Crowned facing bust of Henry II, his head facing slightly to the left, holding sceptre tipped with a cross potent in his right hand. Crown has three vertical uprights each topped by a fleur-de-lis.
Reverse: + (ROGI)ER : ON : (C)A(NT) surrounding short cross potent within beaded circle, small cross potents in each quarter. Moneyer: Rogier, cognate with the modern English name of Roger. Mintmark: Cross potent.
Uncommonly clear Class A bust
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 4
Flan chipped and cracked
SPINK: 1337

For the first few years of Henry II's reign the coins of King Stephen continued to be produced, but in 1158, in order to restore public confidence in the currency, a new 'cross and crosslet' coinage was introduced in England which was of sufficient importance for the contemporary chroniclers to record that 'a new money was made, which was the sole currency of the kingdom.' While this coinage was acceptable in terms of weight and silver quality, it is notorious for its ugly appearance, bad craftsmanship and careless execution. In fact the 'Tealby' coinage is among the worst struck of any issue of English regal coinage, so much so that collectors consider it something of a bonus if they are able to make out the name of the moneyer, or the mint, from the letters showing.
The cross and crosslet type coinage of King Henry II is more often called 'Tealby' because of the enormous hoard of these coins which was found in late 1807 at Bayons Manor farm near Tealby in Lincolnshire. This hoard, which originally amounted to over 5,700 pieces, was first reported in the Stamford Mercury of the 6th November 1807, but unfortunately the majority of the coins, more than 5,000 of them, were sent to be melted at the Tower of London and only some 600 pieces were saved for national and important private collections.
A total of 30 mints were employed in the initial 'Tealby' recoinage, however once the recoinage was completed only 12 mints were permitted to remain active and this marks the beginning of the gradual decline in the number of mints which were used to strike English coins.
The 'Tealby' issue continued until 1180 when a new style coin of much better workmanship, the short-cross penny, was introduced.
1 comments*Alex
1180-1189_Henry_II_Penny_Short-cross.JPG
1154 - 1189, HENRY II, AR Short-cross Penny, Struck 1180 - 1189 at Winchester, England6 viewsObverse: HENRICVS • REX around central circle enclosing a crowned, draped and bearded facing bust of Henry II holding a sceptre tipped with a cross pommee in his right hand.
Reverse: + GOCELM • ON • WIN. Voided short cross dividing legend into quarters, crosslets in each quarter of inner circle. Cross pattée in legend. Moneyer: Gocelm, which is a name of Germanic Frankish origin.
Issue type Class 1b
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 1344

For the first few years of Henry II's reign the coins of King Stephen continued to be produced, but in 1158, in order to restore public confidence in the currency, a new 'cross and crosslet' or 'Tealby' coinage was introduced in England. While this coinage was acceptable in terms of weight and silver quality, it is notorious for its ugly appearance, bad craftsmanship and careless execution. The 'Tealby' issue continued until 1180 when the short-cross penny, a new style coin of much better workmanship, was introduced.

On the night of 14th/15th July 1180 the Winchester mint burnt down, and the fire spread to ‘the greater and better part’ of the city. The production of the new Short Cross coinage had just started earlier in 1180, and Winchester evidently only had one centralized mint building from the beginning of the new coinage. At the time of the fire the mint appears to have had four moneyers (Clement, Gocelm, Henri, and Rodbert), and Short Cross Class Ia2 was in production. After the fire some of the mint’s obverse dies of Classes Ia1 and Ia2 were used at the Wilton mint, apparently as an emergency measure. The coinage of the moneyer Henri ends abruptly at this time and he seems to have been replaced by Adam, whose known issues start in Class Ia2, and at Wilton in Class 1a2 it looks like Osbert replaced Iohan. Osbert continued to issue coins in Winchester after the fire, but he seems to have been regarded as a Wilton moneyer allowed to use the facilities of the Winchester mint. The Winchester coinage of Osbert and three other moneyers (Clement, Reinier, and Rodbert) whose issues end in Class Ib1 was probably restricted to the recoinage of 1180 to 1182. After that only two moneyers remained striking Class Ib2 at Winchester (Adam and Gocelm), and from 1183 to 1184 these moneyers were responsible for a rent of 2 marks each per annum for the use of the mint building.
1 comments*Alex
1189_-_1199_Richard_I_AR_Denier.JPG
1189 - 1199, RICHARD I (the lionheart), AR Denier minted at Melle, Poitou, France45 viewsObverse: +RICARDVS REX. Cross pattée within braided inner circle, all within braided outer circle.
Reverse: PIC / TAVIE / NSIS in three lines within braided circle.
Diameter: 20mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 2
SPINK: 8008 | Elias: 8

Poitou was an Anglo-Gallic province in what is now west-central France and its capital city was Poitiers, the mint at this time was however located at Melle. Melle was an active centre of minting during the early Middle Ages due to the important silver mines located under and around the city. This is the only coin issue struck during the reign of Richard I to bear his own name and titles as King of England.

Richard I was King of England from 1189 until his death on 6th April 1199. He also ruled several territories outwith England, and was styled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, as well as being overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard the Lionheart (Richard Cœur de Lion) because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior when, at the age of 16 and commanding his own army, he had put down rebellions against his father in Poitou.
Richard was a commander during the Third Crusade, and led the campaign after the departure of Philip II of France. However, although he scored several notable victories against the Muslims led by Saladin, he failed to retake Jerusalem from them.
Although Richard was born in England and spent his childhood there before becoming king, he lived most of his adult life in the Duchy of Aquitaine. Following his accession, his life was mostly spent on Crusade, in captivity, or actively defending his lands in France. Rather than regarding England as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, he appears to have used it merely as a source of revenue to support his armies. Nevertheless, he was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and he remains one of the few kings of England who is remembered by his epithet rather than by his regnal number, and even today he is still an iconic figure in both England and France.
3 comments*Alex
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_621,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_H_XXI,_p-294,_293-AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,0-22,3mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1115 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC V-II 621, AE-Ant., H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus, H between.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,3mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: 1h,
mint: Antioch, date:293 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-621, p-294,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-C-M-A-MAXIMIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_Delta_XXI-dot_RIC-V-II-607_p-289_Heraclea-292-95-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #176 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC V-II 607, AE-Ant., Δ//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MI LITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Maximianus.
exerg: Δ//XXI•, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date:292-295 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-607, p-289,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG_PRIMIS-Xdot-MVLTIS-XX_XXI-Z_RIC-V-II-Not_in__p-_Rome-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #1100 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Ant., -/-//XXIZ, PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, Extremely Rare! #1
avers:- IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle. (8,H).
revers:- PRIMIS X•MVLTIS XX, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 2,20mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-II- Not in !!!, p-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Heraclea,_RIC_V-II_575b,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_CLEMENTIA_T_EMP,_B_XXI,_p-286,_287-AD,_Q-001_6h_21,0-22,5mm_4,07g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,139 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 575, AE-Ant., B//XXI, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Maximian and Jupiter,
avers: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right.
reverse: CLEMENTIA T EMP, Emperor standing left receiving Victory on globe from soldier, B in lower centre.
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 287 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 575A, p-286,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
120_Maximianus-Herculeus,_Siscia,_RIC_V-II_591,_AE-Silvered-Ant,_IMP_C_M_A_VAL_MAXIMIANVS_P_F_AVG,_VIRTVS_AVGVSTORVM,_A_-,_XXI,_293-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_20,5-22,5mm,_3,45g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 591, AE-Ant., A/-/XXI, VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Hercules standing right, #120 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC V-II 591, AE-Ant., A/-/XXI, VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Hercules standing right, #1
avers: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Hercules standing right, leaning on the club, holding lion's skin and bow.
exergue: A/-/XXI, diameter: 20,5-22,55mm, weight: 3,45g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 289-290 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 591,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Silvered-Follis_MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES_GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI_AQ-__RIC-VI-24b-p-314_3rd-off__C-_Aquilea-296-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_27mm_10,41g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1316 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 024b, AE-Follis, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMIANVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- GENIO-POPV-LI-ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
exergo: AQ Γ, diameter: 27mm, weight: 10,41g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 296 A.D., ref: RICVI-24b, p-314,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_125aa_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, denarius - RIC 07149 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm.
Minted in Rome, (B _ //VSV). Allocated by Estiot to Emission 10 dating to end A.D. 274.
Reference:– Paris-185, Gobl-135f2 (9 spec.), RIC-71, C-250 (Elberling, 6 Fr.).
Virtually fully silvered , a good strike, well centred and not showing much evidence of wear.
5 commentsmaridvnvm
12g-Constantine-Her-075.jpg
12g. Constantine: Heraclea follis.37 viewsFollis, 313 - 314, Heraclea mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG / Jupiter standing, chlamys over left shoulder, holding Victory on globe, leaning on sceptre. Eagle with wreath in its beak at his feet. E in right field.
Mint mark: SMHT
3.95 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #75 (vol VI) and #5 (vol VII); Sear #15958.

This coin seems to be listed twice in RIC: #75 in Volume VI, and #5 in Volume VII.

RIC Volume VI (page 541) assigns this coin to the year 313, just before Maximinus (Daza) occupied the city of Heraclea for a month or so, during which he issued his own different coinage.

RIC Volume VII (page 542) assigns the coin to the period of time just after Maximinus withdrew from Heraclea and into the year 314. Page 533 says the coinage from before Maximinus' occupation continued after his withdrawal "with exactly the same reverse as before the occupation."

I can not tell the difference between these two listings and have to conclude they are the same coin. Either way, it is a nice coin from turbulent times in the history of Heraclea. The original silvering is still under that patina.
Callimachus
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.25 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
RI_130ba_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONSERVAT MILIT, Mars standing facing, turned right, spear (tip up) in left hand, presenting globe in right hand to emperor standing facing, turned left, scepter in hand.
Minted in Serdica (S in exe)
Reference:– Cohen -. RIC -. LV 2386 - 1 example. Estiot P. 404 citing single example in La Venera.

Nearly fully silvered.
maridvnvm
IMG_3832.jpg
130 Trajan32 viewsTRAJAN AR silver denarius Rome, 102.
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head of Trajan to right.
Reverse - P M TR P COS IIII P P Victory standing facing, head turned to left, holding wreath and palm.
Cohen 240. RIC 58. 18mm, 3.3g.
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)98 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.62 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
Constantius1_silvered_follis.jpg
1304a, Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.52 viewsSilvered follis, RIC 20a, S 3671, VM 25, gVF, Heraclea mint, 10.144g, 27.7mm, 180o, 297 - 298 A.D. Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; Reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, cornucopia in left, pouring liquor from patera, HTD in exergue; some silvering, nice portrait, well centered.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Constantius I Chlorus (305-306 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Constantius' Early Life and Marriage

Born March 31st, Emperor Flavius Valerius Constantius may have come into the world ca. 250. His family was from Illyricum. In the army he served as a protector, tribunus, and a praeses Dalmatiarum. During the 270s or the 280s, he became the father of Constantine by Helena, his first spouse. By 288 he was the Praetorian Prefect of the western emperor Maximianus Herculius.

Constantius' Reign as Caesar

On 1 March 293 Diocletian appointed Galerius as his Caesar (junior emperor) in the east and Constantius as the Caesar of Maximianus Herculius. Caesar in the west. Both Caesars had the right of succession. In order to strengthen the dynastic relationship between himself and Herculius., Constantius put aside his wife Helena and married Theodora, the daughter, or perhaps stepdaughter, of Maximianus Herculius.. The union was fruitful and of it there were six issue: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Constantia, Anastasia, and Eutropia. To strengthen his bond with Galerius and Diocletian in the east, Constantius allowed Galerius to keep his son Constantine as a hostage for his good behavior.

In the remainder of the time that he was a Caesar, Constantius spent much of his time engaged in military actions in the west. In the summer of 293 Constantius expelled the troops of the usurper Carausius from northern Gaul; after Constantius' attack on Bononia (Boulogne), Carausius was murdered. At the same time he dealt with the unrest of the Germans. In 296 he invaded Britain and put down the revolt of the usurper Allectus. Between 300 and 305 A.D. the Caesar campaigned successfully several times with various German tribes. It is worth noting in passing, that while his colleagues rigidly enforced the "Great Persecution in 303," Constantius limited his action to knocking down a few churches.

Constantius as Augustus and His Untimely Death

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum (Milan), divested themselves of the purple, probably because of the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian forced Maximianus to abdicate. They appointed as their successors Constantius and Galerius, with Severus and Maximinus Daia as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Constantius, as had his predecessor, ruled in the west, while Galerius and Daia ruled in the east. Almost as soon as he was appointed Augustus, he crossed to Britain to face incursions by the Picts where he died at York on 25 July 306 with his son (Constantine I, known to history as “The Great”) at his side.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
RI_132vs_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 031 - Bust Type F17 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– LAETITIA AVGVSTI, Laetitia standing left holding wreath and staff
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII) Emission 3 Officina 4. Minted Start A.D. 277
Reference:– Cohen 329. Bastien 182 (29). RIC 31 Bust Type F

3.20 gms

Nearly fully silvered.

Clashed die resulting in obverse profile being seen on the reverse.
maridvnvm
RI_132vx_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 524a Bust Type H13 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left, leaning on column, legs crossed, hand raised to head
Minted in Ticinium (_ | I / VIXXI) Emission 9 Officina 6. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 524a Bust type H

Some underlying silvering but also some encrustations in the bottom right field on the reverse. Do I have the patience to try and remove it though?
maridvnvm
RI_132ga_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 862 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KAB)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe)
Reference:– RIC 862 Bust type H
A lovely example with a good strike and fully silvered.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132vt_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 862 Bust Type H21 viewsAntonianus
Obv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB) Emission 4, Officina 2. Minted A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 862 Bust type H

Nearly filly silvered.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132fu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (Δ) (unlisted issue mark for mint)72 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (Δ in exe)
Reference:– RIC 864 var. Bust type H (This series of emission marks is not documented in RIC or Pink for this mint)
There is growing evidence that this coin is part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.
A nicely struck coin with lots of detail and plenty of silvering.
maridvnvm
RI 132fu img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (Δ) (unlisted issue mark for mint) (updated image)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (Δ in exe)
Reference:– RIC 864 var. Bust type H (This series of emission marks is not documented in RIC or Pink for this mint)
There is growing evidence that this coin is part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.
A nicely struck coin with lots of detail and plenty of silvering.

A new image of this pleasing coin.
maridvnvm
RI 132ae img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 920 - Bust Type C (Unspecified Eastern mint) (Stigma / KA)93 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre
Mint – Unspecified Eastern mint (Stigma in centre field, KA in exe) Emission 1 Officina 6. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 920 Bust type C
Fully silvered with lots of detail.
maridvnvm
RI_132w_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 928 - Bust Type C (Tripolis) 62 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre
Minted in Tripolis (Crescent in centre field, KA in exe) First Emission from A.D. 276
Reference: – RIC 928 Bust Type C
A clear example of this distinctive bust type with lots of silvering remaining.
Martin Griffiths
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP__-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-62-p-433-r4-2-B5_319-AD-Siscia_Q-002_axis-1h_19-20mm_3,11g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//Δ SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #1167 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//Δ SIS •, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #1
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//Δ SIS •, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: ?,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LIC-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_VICTORIAE-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP___SIS_RIC-VII-62-p-433-r4-2-B5_C-_-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-6h_19-20mm_3,46g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//εSIS•, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #272 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 062, -/-//εSIS•, AE-3 Follis, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on altar.
exergo: -/-//εSIS•, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-62, p-433, r4, altar typ: a?,
Q-002
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX__-SIS-star_RIC-VII-110-p-438-r4-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-1h_20mm_3,27g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #178 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #1
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//εSIS*, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,27g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, R4!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX__-SIS-star_RIC-VII-110-p-438-r4-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-002_axis-1h_20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #289 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//εSIS*, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, R4!!!,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F-over-HL_VOT-XX_B-SIS-star-on_crescent_RIC-VII-129-p-440-r1-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-1h_19mm_3,26g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!81 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LICINIVS-AVG_VOT-XX-MVLT-dot-XXX-dot-dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-VII-33-p504-s-2-B5_318-9-AD_Thessalonica_Q-002_6h_17,5mm_3,57g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 033, -/-//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/•TS•A•, #2, S2!66 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 033, -/-//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/•TS•A•, #2, S2!
avers:- IMP LICINIVS AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/, In wreath.
exergo: -/-//•TS•A•, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318-199 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-33, p-504, s2,
Q-002
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LICINIVS-AVG_VOT-XX-MVLT-dot-XXX-dot-dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-VII-33-p504-s-2-B5_318-9-AD_Thessalonica_Q-001_axis-6h_17mm_3,52g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 033, -/-//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/•TS•A•, S2!186 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 033, -/-//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/•TS•A•, S2!
avers:- IMP LICINIVS AVG, 2, B5, Laureate and cuirassed bust right, .
revers:- VOT XX /MVLT /•/XXX/, In wreath.
exergo: -/-//•TS•A•, diameter: 17mm, weight: 3,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318-199 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-33, p-504, s2,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
1327_-_1377_Edward_III_billon_denier_au_leopard.JPG
1327 - 1377, EDWARD III, Billon Denier au Leopard, struck 1327 - 1362 at Bordeaux, France6 viewsObverse: + EDVARDVS : REX around beaded inner circle containing legend ANGL between two lines, Leopard facing left above, trefoil of pellets below. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: + DVX AQITANIE around beaded inner circle containing cross pattée. Cross pattée in legend.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 0.70gms | Die Axis: 3
Second type issue. Very Rare
SPINK: 8090 | Elias: 95c (RR)

Unlike English silver coins which, with few exceptions were maintained at sterling fineness, these small denomination continental coins were often debased. At the time of issue they would have had a good silver appearance, but after some use their color darkened, hence they became known as “Black Money”.
Black money coins were hastily produced in large numbers and often poorly struck. They were the common circulating medium at the time and consequently they became very worn so that, during the ensuing years during which there were frequent re-coinages, they were the first into the melting pot. Surviving examples are therefore now quite rare and most of those that have survived are of a low grade.

*Alex
RI 136f img~2.jpg
136 - Numerian - RIC unlisted - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (//C)46 viewsObv:– IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PACATO-R ORBIS, Emperor advancing right, holding shield and sword, captive, cowering beneath
Minted in Lugdunum (C in exe) Emission 9 Officina 3. Summer A.D. 284
Reference:– Cohen 41 (30 F). Bastien 618 (2 examples). RIC Unlisted.

The coin appears to be billon rather than silvered and is the ONLY occurence of this reverse type.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Constantinus-I__AE-silvered_CONSTANTINVS-NOB-CAES_VIRTVS-AV-GGT-ET-CAESS-NN_AQ-__RIC-VI-97-5aF-p-323_Aquilea_306-07-AD__Q-001_axis1h_27-29mm_8,57g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 097, AE-1 Follis, -/-//AQΓ, VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN, Mars right, R!278 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 097, AE-1 Follis, -/-//AQΓ, VIRTVS AVG G ET CAES S N N, Mars right, R!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laurete,helmeted and cuirassed bust right, pointing spear upwards,shield on left arm.
revers:- VIRTVS AV G G ET CAES S N N, Mars helmeted, advancing right, right holding transverse spear,trophy over the left shoulder.
exergo: -/-//AQΓ, diameter: 29mm, weight: 8,57g, axis: 1h,
mint: Aquilea, 3rd.off., date: 306-07 A.D., ref: RIC VI 97, p-323, R!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-3-silvered_IMP-CONST-ANTINVS-AVG_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-VOT_PR_A-SIS_RIC-VII-54-p-431-1c-D6_C-x_Siscia_318-319-AD__altar-l_Q-001_axis-7h_19mm_2,99g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 054, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, 109 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 054, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP,
avers:- IMP CONS TANTINVS AVG, 1c, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, D6, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exergo: -/-//ASIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,99g, axis:7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VII 54, p431, T-A, altar typ: l,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONS-TANTINVS-AVG_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-VOT_PR_A-SIS_RIC-54_C-x_Siscia_318-319-AD__Q-001_19mm_3,88g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 054v, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, 178 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 054v, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ASIS, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP,
avers:- IMP CONS TANTINVS AVG, 1c, D6, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exergo: -/-//ASIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,88g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VII 54var, S-T Not in RIC, p-431, altar typ: x,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I_AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONS-TANTINVS-AVG-1a_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-D6_VOT-PR_Delta-SIS-Dot_RIC-059-altar-typ-x_Siscia_319-AD_R2_Q-001_axis-1h_18,5-19,5mm_3,04g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R2!!,120 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSIS•, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R2!!,
avers:- IMP CONS TANTINVS AVG, 1a, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, D6, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus.
exergo: -/-//ΔSIS•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,04g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC VII 59, p431, altar typ: x,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_VICTORIA-AVGG-NN-B5-R2_dot-TS-dot-Delta-dot-_RIC-VII-59-p506_Thessalonica_4th_-off__319-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_19mm_2,52g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Silvered Follis, -/-//TS•Δ•, VICTORIA AVGG NN, Victoria advancing left, R2!!86 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 059, AE-3 Silvered Follis, -/-//TS•Δ•, VICTORIA AVG G N N, Victoria advancing left, R2!!
avers:- CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1,B5, Laureate cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA AVG G N N, Victoria advancing left holding wreath in right hand.
exergo: -/-//TS•Δ•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-59, p-506, 4th.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Silvered-Follis_IMP-CONSTAN-TINVS-MAX-AVG-_VICTORIA-AVGG-NN-D2-_dot-TS-dot-_-dot-_Not-in-RIC_Thessalonica_3rd_-off__320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,28g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Γ•, VICTORIA AVGG NN, Victoria advancing left, Not in RIC !!!, R!!!106 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TS•Γ•, VICTORIA AVG G N N, Victoria advancing left, Not in RIC !!!, R!!!
avers:- IMP CONSTAN TINVS MAX AVG, ,D6, Laurate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA AVG G N N, Victoria advancing left holding wreath in right hand.
exergo: -/-//TS•Γ•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC VII after 59, p-506, 3rd.-off.,
RIC VII, THESSALONICA [before 59], CONSTANTINE I, UNLISTED OBVERSE LEGEND AND BUST TYPE, OFFICINA Γ
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/notinric/7the-59_g.html
Q-001
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Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONSTAN-TINVS-MAX-AVG-_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-D6_VOT-PR_P-T_C-in-altar_RIC-VII-082-p-372_Ticinum_319-AD_R1_Q-002_0h_17-17,5mm_3,94g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 082, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R1!!,74 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 082, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R1!!,
avers:- IMP CONSTAN TINVS MAX AVG, 1a,D6, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus, nothing in altar.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: 17-17,5mm, weight: 3,94g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-082, p-372, nothing in altar, R1!!,
Q-001
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Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONSTAN-TINVS-MAX-AVG-_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-D6_VOT-PR_P-T_C-in-altar_RIC-VII-082-p-372_Ticinum_319-AD_R1_Q-003_6h_17-18mm_3,21gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 082, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R1!!, #365 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 082, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R1!!, #3
avers:- IMP CONSTAN TINVS MAX AVG, 1a,D6, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus, nothing in altar.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-082, p-372, nothing in altar, R1!!,
Q-003
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Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONSTANT-INVS-AVG-1b_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-H11l__VOT-PR_P-T_RIC-VII-83-p-372-_Ticinum_318-319-AD_R2_Q-001_11h_17,5-18mm_3,41g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 083, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R2!!,68 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 083, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R2!!,
avers:- IMP CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1b,H11l., High-crested helmet, cuirassed bust left, holding spear across the right shoulder.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus, altar.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-083, p-372, , R2!!,
Q-001
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Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_IMP-CONSTAN-TINVS-MAX-AVG-_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-D6_VOT-PR_P-T_C-in-altar_RIC-VII-090-p-373_Ticinum_319-AD_R2_Q-001_axis-6h_18mm_3,53g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 090, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R2!!,123 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 090, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PT, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, R2!!,
avers:- IMP CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1a, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus, C in altar.
exergo: -/-//PT, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,53g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-090, p373, C in altar, R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-3-Silvered_CONS-TANTINVS-MAX-AVG-1c_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-D6_VOT-PR_STR_-p-183-star_in_altar_Trier_319-AD_R3_Q-001_axis-0h_16,5-17mm_2,61g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//STR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R3!!!79 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//STR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, R3!!!
avers:- IMP CONS TANTINVS AVG, 1c, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP,D6, Two Victories standing, facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT/PR on cippus, star in altar.
exergo: -/-//STR, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,61g, axis: 0h,
mint: Trier, date: 319 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-216, p183, * in altar, R3!!!
Q-001
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Constantinus-I__AR-Argenteus_IMP-CONSTANTI-NVS-AVG_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-VOT_PR_PTR_RIC-not_C-not_Trier_318-319-AD__Q-001_19mm_2,73g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!161 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTI NVS AVG, bust l., high-crested helmet, cuir., dr., spear across r. shoulder..
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories stg. facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT/PR on altar. PTR in exergue.
"UNLISTED ISSUE. This issue is listed erroneously in RIC VII as regular follis (TRIER 208A, p. 181), but in fact it is "billon argenteus" (c. 25% of silver) and belongs to the group of TREVERI 825-826 in RIC VI. Note that only PTR mark is correct, because of only one officina working at that time at Treveri. Note also that the bust type is similar to H11 from RIC VII, but there are also a few differences: bust is usually larger, half-length, and could be described as cuirassed and draped. Coin should be listed after TREVERI 826. See: Bastien, P., "L’émission de monnaies de billon de Treves au début de 313", Quaderni Ticinesi (Numismatica e Antichità Classiche) 1982, XI, p. 271-278. See: CORRIGENDA, VOL. VII, p. 181, CORRIGENDA, VOL. VI, p. 224" by Lech Stepniewski, in "Not in RIC" , thank you Lech Stepniewski,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/notinric/6tre-826.html
exergo: -/-//PTR, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: h,
mint: Trier, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VI Trier 825-6?, RIC VI, "TREVERI [after 826], CONSTANTINE I, UNLISTED ISSUE" by Lech Stepniewski,
Q-001
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Henry_IV_AR_Hardi.JPG
1399 - 1413, Henry IV, AR Hardi d'Argent, Struck 1399 -1453 at Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France12 viewsObverse: ERIC R ANGLIE ✤ Crowned and robed half-length figure of Henry facing under Gothic canopy, holding sword in right hand, left hand raised with finger pointing in benedictory or admonitory position. Mullet over crown, rosette either side of crown. Rosette in legend.
Reverse: FRA-CIE ✤ DNS AQI ✤ Long cross collarino, pattée at the ends, extending through legend. Fleur de lis with roundel underneath in second and third quarters; lion passant, guardant in first and fourth quarters, roundel over lion in fourth quarter. Rosettes in legend.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.13gms | Axis 10
SPINK: 8147 | Elias: 233h
Ex. Bazas Hoard | Ex. Jean Elsen (Belgium) | Scarce

The last series of these Anglo-Gallic coins was likely struck under more than one Henry and they have not currently been differentiated by ruler because the legends and types are generic. However, over time, Anglo-Gallic issues suffered from regular debasement and a deterioration in workmanship, the size, weight and quality of the strike of this coin would therefore all seem to point to it being an early example.

The Bazas Hoard
This hoard was discovered in May 2004 by a builder at Bazas in south West France when he was renovating his house. Bazas was a regional centre in the middle ages. The hoard consisted of a mixture of medieval coins which had been minted in Spain, Portugal, Italy, England, the Netherlands and various French duchies. Of the 1010 coins found, 157 were gold, 300 were silver and the remainder were billon. The oldest coin was a King Jean II franc from 1360 and the rarest coin was a gold castellano from the time of Henry IV of Castile, of which only one other example is known to exist.

Henry IV
In 1399, Henry, Duke of Lancaster, overthrew his cousin, Richard II and took the throne as Henry IV, ruling until his death in 1413. Henry's first major problem as monarch was what to do with the deposed Richard. After an early assassination plot against Henry was foiled in January 1400, Richard died in prison, allegedly of starvation. Though Henry was suspected of having had Richard murdered, it was also claimed that he took his own life.
Henry, also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was a grandson of Edward III and when he took the throne he asserted his grandfather's claim to the Kingdom of France. He founded the Lancaster branch of the House of Plantagenet and he was the first King of England since the Norman Conquest whose mother tongue was English rather than French.
Early in his reign, Henry hosted the visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, the only Byzantine emperor ever to visit England, and he gave monetary support to Manuel II to aid him against the Ottoman Empire.
Despite the example set by most of his recent predecessors, after their deaths, Henry and his second wife, Joan of Navarre, Queen of England, were buried not at Westminster Abbey but at Canterbury Cathedral, on the north side of Trinity Chapel and directly adjacent to the shrine of St Thomas Becket.
2 comments*Alex
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14 Constans123 viewsConstans, AE2. Silvered Thessalonica. DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, forwards, on hands and knees. Mintmark TSA star. RIC VIII Thessalonica 116.

The obv. isnt as bad as it looks, the silvering and glare kinda made it awkward to photograph :)
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
cnfh.jpg
14 Constans82 viewsConstans, AE2. Silvered Thessalonica. DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman who is bare-headed, forwards, on hands and knees. Mintmark TSB star. RIC VIII Thessalonica 116.

Another apparently common coin according to RIC :)
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
tiberius_RIC28.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AR denarius - struck 14-37 AD53 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS (laureate head right)
rev: PONTIF MAXIM (Livia (as Pax) seated right, holding olive-branch and inverted spear; ornate legs to chair)
ref: RIC I 28, RSC 16b (2frcs)
mint: Lugdunum
3,57gms, 18mm

The story of the Tribute Penny may be the best-known Biblical reference to a coin. Tiberius reigned during the ministry of Jesus and it is logical that his silver denarius was the coin used by Christ ("Give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and give unto the Lord that which is the Lord's"). Although the inscription refers to Tiberius' position as Pontifex Maximus and there are no overt references to Livia, many scholars feel that users of the coins would have associated the figure with Livia and that this association was probably intended by Tiberius. An obligatory issue for collectors.
1 commentsberserker
4c207cea55fed_image.jpg
140 Hadrian 79 viewsBetter photo

Hadrian 117-138 AD. Silver Denarius. Pax. RIC 44a

Hadrian 117-138 AD

Silver Denarius (3.35 gm)

Rome Mint 118 AD

Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG ; Laureate heroic bust right, drapery on left shoulder.
Rev: P M TR P COS II ; Pax standing left with olive branch & cornucopiae, PAX in exergue.

RIC II 44a ; Sear II 3511 ex Vaughn
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
CTG_SisCmpGte.jpg
1403i, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Siscia)42 viewsSilvered AE 3, RIC 214, VF, Siscia mint, 3.187g, 19.3mm, 0o, 328 - 329 A.D.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, ASIS and double crescent in exergue.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. It is reputed that before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. Other sources claim the vision came to Constantine I in a dream. The story continues that after placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. Constantine I also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power, and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
RI_141br_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - Follis - RIC VI Trier 677a (corr. Cyzicus)70 viewsObv:– D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, branch upward in right hand, vertical sceptre in left
Minted in Cyzicus (not Trier) ( S | F / KS //PTR)
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 677a (R) (see notes)
Notes:- This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Trier (Treveri), but a comparison of portrait styles and an examination of follis hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. Two officinae struck this issue, and the KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mintmark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC 22-23) shows that the same two officinae struck this issue without the PTR also. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mintmark and put their own mintmark in the field. Eventually someone soon realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mintmark in its proper location.

Nicely silvered with little / no visible wear.
maridvnvm
RI 141y img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC VI London 28a36 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae
Minted in London (No marks) c. A.D. 303 onwards
References:– RIC VI London 28a

Nice example which is just about fully silvered.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_SMH-A_RIC-VII-80-p-551-13-A6_R1_Heraclea_325-26-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_19mm_2,72g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Heraclea, RIC VII 080, -/-//SMHA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R1!, #179 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Heraclea, RIC VII 080, -/-//SMHA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R1!, #1
avers:- FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with the necklace.
revers:- SPES REIP VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding a baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,72g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-26 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-080, p-551, R1!,
Q-001
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Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REI-PVBLICAE_R-P_RIC-VII-271-p-326-13-A6_R4_Rome_324-5-AD_Q-001_h_20mm_ga-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 271, -/-//R P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!95 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 271, -/-//R P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REI-PVBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//R P, diameter: 20mm, weight: g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 324-325 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-271, p-326, R4!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REI-PVBLICAE_R-wreath-P_RIC-VII-292-p-330-13a-A6_R4_Rome_326-AD_Q-001_0h_19-20mm_2,64g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!68 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Rome, RIC VII 292, -/-//R wreath P, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REI-PVBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//R wreath P, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,64g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-292, p-330, R4!!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_dot-A-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-205-p-450-13-A6_S_Siscia_326-27-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,65g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•ASIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!73 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•ASIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//•ASIS•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,65g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-27 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-205, p-450, Scarce!
Q-001
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Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_dot-B-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-205-p-450-13-A6_S_Siscia_326-27-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19-20mm_3,10g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!66 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Siscia, RIC VII 205, -/-//•BSIS•, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, Scarce!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-27 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-205, p-450, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FAVSTA-NF_star-in-wreath_TSA_RIC-VII-49-p-504-13-A6_R4_Thessalonica_318-319-AD__Q-001_axis-5h_19mm_2,79g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 049, -/-//TSA, No legend, Eight-pointed Star within laurel wreath, R4!!!181 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 049, -/-//TSA, No legend, Eight-pointed Star within laurel wreath, R4!!!
avers:- FAVSTA-NF, 13, E10, Draped, bust right .
revers:- No legend,Eight-pointed Star within laurel wreath.
exergo: -/-//TSA, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 318-19 A.D.,ref: RIC-VII-049, p-504, R4!!!,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_SMTS-A_RIC-VII-161-p-519-13-A6_R3_Thessalonica_326-28-AD__Q-003_axis-0h_19mm_3,35g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #189 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #1
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSA, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-519, R3 !!!,
Q-001
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Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_SMTS-B_RIC-VII-161-p-519-13-A6_R3_Thessalonica_326-28-AD__Q-001_axis-5h_20mm_3,21g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #178 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #1
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSB, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-513, R3 !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_SMTS-B_RIC-VII-161-p-519-13-A6_R3_Thessalonica_326-28-AD__Q-002_axis-5h_19mm_2,95g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #2160 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 161, -/-//SMTSB, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R3!!!, #2
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, A6, Draped bust right, with necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSB, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,95g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-161, p-513, R3 !!!,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Fausta_AE-3-silvered_FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG_SPES-REIP-VBLICAE_SMTSA_RIC-VII-162-p-519-13-E10_R4_Thessalonica_326-28-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_19-21mm_3,05g-s.jpg
141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 162, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!320 views141 Fausta (290 -326 A.D.), AE-3 Follis, Thessalonica, RIC VII 162, -/-//SMTSA, SPES REIPVBLICAE, Spes standing left, R4!!!
avers:- FLAV-MAX-FAVSTA-AVG, 13, E10, Diademed, Mantled, bust right with two-row necklace.
revers:- SPES-REIP-VBLICAE, Spes standing left, holding baby in each arm.
exergo: -/-//SMTSA, diameter: 19-21 mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-28 A.D.,ref: RIC-VII-162, p-519, R4!!!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Aquilea_RIC_VII_041,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis-Silvered_CRISPUS-NOB-CAES-5-B5_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_VOT-X_S-F_AQT_p-321_S_321-AD_Q-002_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #290 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #2
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (5,B5), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Q-002
quadrans
Lugdunum_RIC_VII_116,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis-Silvered_D-N-CRISPO-NOB-CAES-5a-B1_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_VOT-XX_C-R_2captives_PLG_p130_R1_321-AD__Q-001_h_19-20mm_2_84ga-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!112 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5a, B1, Laureate bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, C and R left and right side in fields.
exergo: C/R//PLG, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-116, p-130, R1!
Q-001
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