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Search results - "mule"
mule2.jpg
41 viewsvpushkin
mule.jpg
31 viewsvpushkin
Unident_Prov_-_30mm.jpg
25 Caracalla25 viewsCARACALLA
AE 31, Mopsus, Cilicia
Year 265=198 AD

Youthful Caracalla as Augustus, bust r. / Mule standing l., wreath and quiver on his back

SNG Levante 1344 (according to Curtis Clay: could be same obv. die, but different rev. die)

Thanks to FORVM member Curtis Clay for his assistance attributing this coin.
Sosius
CABAW_Amulet_BCC_L12.jpg
BCC L1224 viewsLead Amulet
Uncertain Date
2nd-5th Century CE?
Lead Amulet with mirror image Greek inscriptions
Obverse: CΑΒΑW (Lord of Hosts)
Rev: ΡΕΦΑΕΛ (Archangel Raphael)
2.3cm. 2.23 gm. Axis:0
v-drome
00004x00~4.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.00 g)
Horse running left; palm below
ЄVC (Eustolos)
Rostovtsev 819; Rostovtsev & Prou 517; Munich 177; BM 1612-3; Kircheriano 1573-6; Toynbee, “Beasts and Their Names in the Roman Empire,” pl. VI, fig 18

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 583

The reverse appears to bear the name of the horse, Eustolos, “the Ready.” Toynbee records 417 horse names, far more than any other beast, noting only a few dozen names for dogs, mules, bears, and other animals.
Ardatirion
00009x00~0.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 6.90 g, 12h
Rudder
Flaccid male genitals (or leaf?)
Rostovtsev –

The obverse type differs from the phallic imagery sometimes scene on Roman tesserae. This example depicts a flaccid, rather than engorged penis, often conservatively described in numismatics as a "pudenda virilia." The unusual shape of this piece, combined with the differing obverse type, makes me think this may be a fertility amulet.
Ardatirion
00003x00~3.jpg
73 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (30mm, 11.19 g, 6h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1837
· (rosette) · EXECUTIVE · (rosette) ·/ EXPERIMENT. Turtle walking right, bearing chest labelled SUB/ TREASURY; 1837/ FISCAL AGENT · (rosette) ·
ILLUSTRIOUS · (rosette) ·/ PREDECESSOR. Mule leaping left; above, I FOLLOW/ IN THE, below, STEPS/ OF MY
Rulau HT 32; Low 18
Ardatirion
00004x00~3.jpg
89 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837-1842.
· (rosette) · I TAKE THE · (rosette) ·/ RESPONSIBILITY, half length bust of Jackson emerging from chest, holding saber and money bag
· THE CONSTITUTION ·/ AS I UNDERSTAND IT. Mule standing left, LL.D on flank; above, ROMAN/ FIRMNESS; below, VETO
Rulau HT 72; Low 53

Ex Steve Hayden (20 July 2014), lot 429; Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2627
1 commentsArdatirion
gnostic_token.jpg
141 viewsROME
PB Gnostic amulet
3rd-5th century AD
Abraxas standing left, with head of a cock, body of a man, and legs of a serpent, holding spear and shield
Star over crescent; ABPA/ CAZ below
Cf. Rostowzew & Prou 820a (oval shape, letters IAω around deity)

Remnants of loupe for suspension at 12'

Not a tessera, but often erroneously included among them.
Ardatirion
domna_felix_b.jpg
(0194) JULIA DOMNA17 views(wife of Septimius Severus)
194-217 AD
Fouree denarius, 19.5 mm, 3.74 g
O:IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right, hair in chignon in back
R: FEL—IC—ITAS, veiled Felicitas standing half-left, holding caduceus and long scepter
(Mule--obverse of RIC 375, RSC 49; with reverse of RIC 551, RSC 47)
laney
gallienus.jpg
(0253) GALLIENUS (mule)24 views253 - 268 AD
AE 18 mm, 2.03 g
Obv: GALLIENVS [AVG] radiate bust right
Rev: PVDI[CITI]A Pudicitia seated left, raising veil with right hand and holding scepter in left; VI in exe.
Gallienus Göbl pl. 133, 5 Mule
Example in BM collection, mule with Salonina reverse.
laney
419Hadrian_RIC--.jpg
0001 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Concordia45 viewsReference.
RIC --; Mule obverse of Hadrian, reverse of Sabina

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP.
Laureate head right.

Rev. CONCOR DIA AVG
Concordia, draped, seated left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left; cornucopiae under seat.

3.41 gr
17 mm
okidoki
367Hadrian_RIC14.jpg
0002 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia71 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -;

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS CONCORD in exergue.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33
4 commentsokidoki
380Hadrian.jpg
0003 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.53 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr
18 mm
6h
Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
coins150.JPG
001. VRBS ROMA Nicomedia R412 viewsRIC VII Nicomedia 205 R4

VRBS ROMA Mule
ecoli
94001013.jpg
004b. Agrippina Senior53 viewsAgrippina Senior. Died AD 33. Ć Sestertius (34mm, 24.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 40-41. Draped bust right / Carpentum drawn left by two mules. RIC I 55 (Gaius); Trillmich Group I. Good Fine, dark gray-brown patina, rough surfaces.

Check

From the Ronald J. Hansen Collection. Ex Noble 79 (26 July 2005), lot 3590.

Ex-CNG printed sale 94 320/300
1 commentsecoli
12a.jpg
012a Aggrippna Sr. sestertius 27.8gm44 viewsobv: AGRIPPINA MF MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI drp. bust r.
rev: MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE SPQR above, capentum drawn l. by two mules
"wife of Germanicus, mother of gaius"
hill132
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-CO-II_VICTOR-SEVER-AVG_RIC-IV-I-428var-p148_Emesa-194-5-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_16-17mm_3,25g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 428var, Emesa, AR-Denarius, VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!200 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 428var, Emesa, AR-Denarius, VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory advancing left, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SE-V-PERT-AVG-CO-II (legend var!!, Not in RIC or mule!!), laureate head right
revers:- VICTOR-SEVER-AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter:16-17mm, weight:3,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Emesa, date: 194-5 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-428var (legend var ..CO-II..,Instead ..COS-II..), p-148, C-, Rare !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI 064cz img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus AS - RIC unlisted39 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAL AV[G TR P II] COS II S--C, Salus sanding left, holding sceptre and patera over alter
Minted in Rome. Early A.D. 194
Reference(s) – Cohen -. RIC - (see below)

The following information provided courtesy of Mr. Curtis Clay.
A specimen of this coin is apparently misreported in RIC, p. 182, note *. It's a rare coin, only two such included in Curtis' unpublished 1972 die study of early Severan bronze coins.
Curtis knows the same rev. type muled with both dupondius and As obv. dies of 193 (IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG). It's not impossible that a sestertius with the same type might turn up someday!
Cohen 640 exactly describes this type, though omitting the IMP II in obverse legend, and calling the coin a sestertius.
maridvnvm
RI_064ij_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG II COS, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

3.67g, 17.37mm, 180o

4 specimens known, Budapest, Barry Murphy (2 spec.) and this example, all from the same die pair. The same reverse die muled with an obverse legend ending II C, BM ex Bickford-Smith
maridvnvm
RI_064nw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -45 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG TR P II COS II P P, Victory walking right, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC 690b (citing Gnecchi Coll., Rome)

Additional information courtesy of Curtis Clay:-
"I know a couple of other specimens too, BM probably has one from me and I may have another in my new collection.

Still very rare and interesting, IMP II generally rare on Rome-mint denarii, a muled obv.-rev. combination because COS II means after 1 Jan. 194, but the medallions prove that Septimius' IMP III must have already been known in Rome by about 25 Dec. 193."
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -17 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:- VENER AVG, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Eastern COS II mint (RIC - Emesa). A.D. 193 - 195
References:- BMCRE -. RSC - RIC -.

This reverse type should come with VICTOR AVG or VICT AVG. VENER VICT and variations (VICTR, VICTOR etc.) turn up on Venus types of Domna, which we so rarely seen muled with obverses of Septimius Severus but I have never seen this odd mixing.
maridvnvm
RI_064ne_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (unlisted mule with a Julia Domna reverse)29 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:- VEN-ER VICT, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand; sceptre in left
Emesa mint. Struck 194-195 AD.
References:- RIC IV -; BMCRE -; RSC -.

This would appear to be a mule of a Septimius Severus obverse with a reverse of Julia Domna.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064td_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - (unlisted mule with a Julia Domna reverse)11 viewsObv:- IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:- VEN-ER VICT, Venus standing left, holding apple in right hand; sceptre in left
Emesa mint. Struck 194-195 AD.
References:- RIC IV -; BMCRE -; RSC -.

This would appear to be a mule of a Septimius Severus obverse with a reverse of Julia Domna.
maridvnvm
RI 065x img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted mule48 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG COS II, Roma, seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC - (Unlisted Hybrid with reverse from Sept. Sev. 350I (which is R2))

This is possibly the third recorded specimen.
maridvnvm
RI_065bg_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC unlisted mule52 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG COS II, Roma, seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– RIC - (Unlisted Hybrid with reverse from Sept. Sev. 350I (which is R2))

A rare coin type.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Geta-RSC-220a.jpg
097. Geta.9 viewsDenarius, 209-210, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG / Laureate bust of Geta.
Reverse: VICTORIAE BRIT / Victory holding wreath and palm.
2.88 gm., 18 mm.
RSC #220a; RIC unlisted.

This coin is a mule, and as such it is a very rare coin. A mule is a coin struck from dies that are normally not used together. In this case, an earlier obverse die with an earlier legend was used with the VICTORIAE BRIT reverse. The obverse legend should read P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT and is listed that way as RIC #91. Roman Silver Coins (Seaby) lists this mule as #220a based on two offerings of apparently the same specimen in Seaby's Bulletin in 1950 and 1952, not illustrated either time. (Thanks to Curtis Clay for this information.)
Callimachus
V1495.JPG
09d Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1495125 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
RIC 1495 (R). BMC 491. RSC -. RPC 1467 (4 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Solidus, eBay, 29 November 2013.

In 76 AD a mysterious series of denarii appeared in Asia Minor for Vespasian and his sons two years after Ephesus stopped minting denarii. The reverse types were copied from those contemporaneously produced at Rome and featured many mules and blundered legends. Often an 'o' mint mark is visible below the busts, giving rise to the theory that these may be the product of Ephesus. The style is also similar to the last series known from that mint.

Here is a rare reverse type for Domitian as Caesar. At Rome this type is only known for Vespasian and Titus. BMC 491 is listed as no mint mark below bust. A fine style portrait struck on a large flan. Same obverse die as my V1492.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
V1496lg.jpg
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
1192Hadrian_RIC--.jpg
1083 mule Hadrian Sestertius Roma 138 AD Pietas standing 24 viewsReference.
RIC -- for reverse 1083 Pietas

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP
Laureate head right

Rev. TRIB POT COS S-C PIE-TAS
Pietas, draped, standing left next to altar, raising right hand and holding box of incense in left

26.13 gr
31 mm
12h
okidoki
112- Constantine-20.JPG
112- Constantine The Great -2042 viewsSilvered AE3, 317-320 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding globe and mappa.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Wreath left A right.
SMK in exergue.
17mm, 3.1gm.
Mule, RIC 8 Obv, RIC 10-12 Rev.
jdholds
rjb_2010_01_63.jpg
16119 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161-80 AD
AR denarius
Obv "M ANTONINVS AVG"
Laureate head right
Rev "TRP XXXI IMP VIIII COS III PP"
Salus seated left holding branch with rising serpent at feet
Rome mint
RIC -
A mule combining an obverse of the unmarked coins with short legend of the period with a dated reverse type
mauseus
RI_170cw_img.jpg
170 - Constantius II - AE2 - RIC VIII Aquileia -24 viewsAE2
Obv:- D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand, N in right field
Rev:– FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor bare headed & in military dress standing, holding standard with chi-rho on banner in his right hand, resting left hand on shield, two bound captives in Phrygian helmets standing, facing each other before him
Minted in Aquileia (//AQP Dot)
Reference:- RIC VIII Aquileia -

Looking at RIC there are three issues for this type at Aquileia.

The first has no letters on either side. The captives are described as standing and would have AQP:dot: in exe. - RIC VIII Aquileia 107

The next two both have N behind the bust and an N in the left field on the reverse with the captives described as kneeling.

with AQP in exe this would be RIC VIII Aquileia 119
and with AQP* in exe this would be RIC VIII Aquileia 120

My example seems to be a mule from the later issues with letter behind the bust and the earlier issue with the captives standing but with no letter on the reverse.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
1797_EMSWORTH_HALFPENNY_MULE.JPG
1793 AE Halfpenny, Emsworth, Hampshire.69 viewsObverse: PEACE AND PLENTY. Dove carrying olive-branch flying above cornucopia spilling out the fruits of the earth.
Reverse: HALFPENNY. Britannia, portrayed as a helmeted, plumed and draped female figure wearing a breastplate emblazoned with the union flag, seated facing left on tea-chest; her right hand resting on a terrestrial globe and her left arm on an anchor; a crowned lion, it's head turned facing, reclining left at her feet; in exergue, 1793.
Edge: “CURRENT EVERY WHERE ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦".
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 11

Issued by John Stride, a grocer and tea dealer from Hampshire, this token was manufactured by Peter Kempson in Birmingham and the dies were engraved by Thomas Wyon. This token is a mule of the reverse of Dalton & Hamer 10 (Hampshire), here used as the obverse and the reverse of Dalton & Hamer 11. It may have originally been intended that these mules would be sold to collectors, but as a large number exist it seems that they must have been sold to merchants and entered general circulation.
*Alex
JOHN_OF_GAUNT_1794-circa__LANCASTER_HALFPENNY.JPG
1794 (?) Undated AE Halfpenny. Lancaster, Lancashire.41 viewsObverse: IOHN OF GAUNT DUKE OF LANCASTER ★. Bust of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, facing left.
Reverse: SUCCESS TO THE COMMERCE OF BRITAIN. Britannia standing on the shore facing left, holding a spray of leaves in her outstretched right hand, and a shield and spear in her left; three ships at sea to the left in front of her and another vessel in the distance behind her; two men ploughing the ground behind her to the right. Below, in exergue, lion facing right and sprig of three leaves.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 54
RARE

This token was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson in Birmingham, the dies were engraved by J.G.Hancock.
In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.
The Britannia design has been copied from a silver medal commemorating the Treaty of Utrecht by John Croker which was originally struck under Queen Anne in 1713

JOHN OF GAUNT
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was a member of the House of Plantagenet, he was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then anglicised as Gaunt.
John of Gaunt's legitimate male heirs, the Lancasters, included Kings Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI. John fathered five children outside marriage, one early in life by a lady-in-waiting to his mother, and four surnamed "Beaufort" (after a former French possession) by Katherine Swynford, Gaunt's long-term mistress and third wife. The Beaufort children, three sons and a daughter, were legitimised by royal and papal decrees after John and Katherine married in 1396; a later proviso that they were specifically barred from inheriting the throne was inserted with dubious authority by their half-brother Henry IV. The three succeeding houses of English sovereigns from 1399, the Houses of Lancaster, York and Tudor, were descended from John through Henry Bolingbroke, Joan Beaufort and John Beaufort, respectively.
John of Gaunt's eldest son and heir, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, was exiled for ten years by King Richard II in 1398. When John of Gaunt died at the age of 58 on 3rd February, 1399, his estates and titles were declared forfeit to the crown because King Richard II named Henry Bolingbroke a traitor and sentenced him to exile for life, but Henry returned from exile to reclaim his inheritance and depose Richard. Henry Bolingbroke then reigned as King Henry IV of England from 1399 to 1413, the first of the descendants of John of Gaunt to hold the throne of England.
John of Gaunt, due to his land grants, was one of the wealthiest men to have ever lived, his estates are estimated to have been worth a modern equivalent of $110 billion.
*Alex
1795_Petersfield_Halfpenny.JPG
1795 AE Halfpenny Token. Petersfield, Hampshire.32 viewsObverse: PETERSFIELD. Mounted dragoon presenting sword, on horse trotting to left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: PAYABLE IN LONDON, the rest engrailed.
Diameter: 28mm
Dalton & Hamer: 49
RARE

This halfpenny token is one of a series of mules manufactured by Peter Kempson at his works in Birmingham. In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.

Petersfield is a market town situated on the northern slopes of the South Downs, 17 miles north of Portsmouth, in Hampshire, England. The town is on the crossroads of well-used north–south and east–west routes and it grew in prosperity due to its position as a coach stop as well as it's local sheep farming, and cottage industries of leather and cloth.
The town was founded during the 12th century by William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and confirmed by charter in 1198 by John, Count of Mortain, the later King John.
*Alex
1795_Glasgow_Mule_Halfpenny.JPG
1795 AE Halfpenny, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland56 viewsObverse: NUNQUAM ARESCERE. River God reclining facing right, right arm resting on an urn, inscribed CLYDE, from which water flows, left hand holding oar inscribed with St Andrew's cross; in exergue, MDCCXCI (1791).
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: PAYABLE IN LONDON, the rest engrailed.
Dalton & Hamer: 9
RARE

This is one of a series of mule halfpennies by Lutwyche. In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.

The inscription NUNQUAM ARESCERE (Never dries) is taken from a passage in Ovid's Metamorphoses, "Naidas his venam, quae nunquam arescere posset, supposuisse ferunt" (They tell us that the Naiads converted them into a stream which never dries).
*Alex
1797_Halfpenny_Token_Middlesex_(Mule).JPG
1797 AE Halfpenny, Middlesex County.39 viewsObverse: FREDk. DUKE OF YORK. Bare headed bust of Frederick Augustus, Duke of York, facing right; HALFPENNY 1795 in two lines below.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia seated on globe facing left, left arm resting on shield and holding laurel-branch, right hand holding spear, ship's masts in front of her in background; 1797 in exergue.
Edge: Plain.
Diameter: 27mm | Die Axis: 6h | Obverse die flaw.
Dalton & Hamer: 990. Cobwright No: F.0010/R.0010. Not in Atkins.

Manufactured by William Lutwyche, Birmingham.
In the 18th century, token manufacturers often used their dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to the collectors of the day.

Prince Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, was born on16th August 1763. He was the second eldest child, and second son, of King George III. Thrust into the British army at a very young age he was appointed a colonel by his father on 4th November 1780 when he was only 17 years old. He was created Duke of York and Albany on 27th November 1784.
On 26th May 1789 he took part a duel with Colonel Charles Lennox, who had insulted him; Lennox missed and Prince Frederick honourably refused to return fire.
On 12th April 1793 he was promoted to a full general and sent to Flanders in command of the British contingent destined for the invasion of France. Frederick's command fought under extremely trying conditions and though he won several notable engagements, he was defeated at the Battle of Hondschoote in September 1793. Then, in the 1794 campaign, he was successful at the battle of Willems in May but was defeated at the Battle of Tourcoing later that month.
Promoted to the rank of field marshal, on 3rd April 1795 he became effective Commander-in-Chief in succession to Lord Amherst and went with the army sent for the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland in August 1799. A number of disasters befell the allied forces however and, on 17th October, the Duke signed the Convention of Alkmaar, by which the allied expedition withdrew after giving up its prisoners.
These military setbacks led to Frederick being mocked in the rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York":
The grand old Duke of York,
He had ten thousand men.
He marched them up to the top of the hill
And he marched them down again.
And when they were up, they were up.
And when they were down, they were down.
And when they were only halfway up,
They were neither up nor down.
However, Frederick's experience in the Dutch campaign had demonstrated the numerous weaknesses of the British army after years of neglect so he carried through a massive programme of reform and he was the person most responsible for creating the force which served in the Peninsular War.
Frederick died of dropsy and apparent cardioid-vascular disease at the home of the Duke of Rutland on Arlington Street, London, on 5th January, 1827. After lying in state in London, his remains were interred in St. George's Chapel, at Windsor.
*Alex
1797_NORTH_WALES_HALFPENNY_MULE.JPG
1797 AE Halfpenny, North Wales and London.48 viewsObverse: NORTH WALES HALFPENNY. Script monogram of "RNG" in centre with 1793 above.
Reverse: * * RULE BRITANIA (sic) * *. Britannia seated facing left on globe, shield at her side, holding spear in her left hand and branch in her right; 1797 in exergue.
Edge: Incuse legend “PAYABLE IN LONDON” the remainder engrailed.
Diameter: 28mm
Dalton & Hamer: 18
RARE

Possibly engraved by Rambert Dumarest (Britannia) and Thomas Wyon (cypher). Manufactured by William Lutwyche and/or Peter Kempson in Birmingham.

This token, apparently a mule, was issued by, or is in imitation of, the Parys Mine Company from North Wales. In the 18th century the token manufacturers supplied orders for a great variety of tokens. These manufacturers often used the dies to their own advantage by striking “mules”, i.e. tokens produced by using the dies of two different tokens, solely with the object of creating rare varieties which were sold to “benefit” the collectors of the day.

The undeciphered “RNG” cypher is very similar to the “PMC” cypher used for the Parys Mine Company's first tokens.
*Alex
hardtimes_copy.jpg
1837 Hard Times Token70 views1837 Hard Times Token, Obv: Man emerging from chest, holding bag of loot and sword, I TAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY in field around border; Rev: Mule with VETO below, ROMAN FIRMNESS above, THE CONSTITUTION AS I UNDERSTAND IT in field around border, Very Fine.Molinari
1096Hadrian_mule_ric276.jpg
198 Sabina Denarius Roma 128-136 AD Tellus eastern mint31 viewsReference.
unpublished strack--; RIC;

obverse of Sabina reverse Hadrian
Obv. RIC 390; Rev. RIC 276

Obv. SABINA AVGVSTA
Diademed and draped bust right

Rev. TELLVS STABIL
Tellus standing left, holding plough-handle and rake, two corn ears behind.

2.73 gr
19 mm
6h

Note.
Ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 233, lot 2366 2015
1 commentsokidoki
carnuntum_06d.JPG
2009-Austria - Carnuntum50 viewsAmulettes for men.berserker
coin47~0.JPG
201. Septimus Severus25 viewsPax seated on rev., a scarcer type, so either

RIC 724, bust var., IMP VIII / TR P IIII (later 196),

RIC 727, IMP VIII / TR P V (early 197), or

RIC 730a, IMP VIIII / TR P V (c. late spring 197, a mule from an old rev. die).
ecoli
480Hadrian_Mule_RIC172.jpg
3036 Hadrian Denarius 117-30 AD Concordia Eastern mint28 viewsReference.
RIC-; BMCR -; Strack- cf RIC172; RIC III, 3036

Bust A1

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PP
Laureate bust

Rev. COS III
Concordia seated left holding patera and resting other arm on statue of Spes at side of throne

3.20 gr
17.3 mm
6h
okidoki
coin255.JPG
313a. Tetricus II31 viewsTetricus II was the son of Tetricus I and had exactly the same name as his father: C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus. His date of birth as well as the name of his mother are unknown. In 273 AD Tetricus II was elevated by his father to the rank of Caesar and given the title of princeps iuventutis. On 1 January 274 AD he entered in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) upon his first consulship, which he shared with his father.

After the defeat in autumn of 274 AD near Châlons-sur-Marne and subsequent surrender of his father Tetricus I to the emperor Aurelian, Tetricus II was put on display in Rome together with his father during Aurelian's triumph, but then pardoned. All literary sources agree on the fact that his life was spared; according to Aurelius Victor and the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, he even retained his senatorial rank and occupied later on many senatorial offices

Tet II obverse muled with his father's COMES AVG reverse.
1 commentsecoli
Antony_Fouree_Mule.jpg
4) Antony fouree mule31 viewsMark Antony
Fouree Denarius
Mule, combining Republican Reverse with Antony Bust

Bust of Antony, ~41BC / Reverse from Marius-Capito, ~81BC

Update May 2013: Now in JayGT4's collection
RM0013
1 commentsSosius
Bird_b.jpg
AE cock25 viewsAmulet or toy?Tibsi
Amulet_Phallos_c.jpg
AE phallos amulet37 views1st century AD
45 mm and 23 grams
Tibsi
Gladius_b.jpg
AE sword amulet36 views4.25 cm, 3.26 gr.Tibsi
AE-hanging-amulet_Br-age_Q-001_80x27x21mm_91,85g-s.jpg
AE-Antic-Object, Celtic (?) hanging amulet #01117 viewsAE-Antic-Object, Celtic (?) hanging amulet #01
The object made of bronze, with 10 knob in 4 row and a ring-shape form in the end part to be hung, and a conic shape form on the other side with 4 small knob.
size: 80x27x21mm,
weight: 91,85g,
date: Br-age c.800-600 B.C. (?)
ref:
Q-001
quadrans
aggrippina~0.jpg
Agrippina I Senior AE Sestertius33 viewsAgrippina I Senior AE Sestertius. Rome, 37-41 A.D. AGRIPPINA M F MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI, Draped bust right / SPQR MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE, Two wheeled Carpentum left, drawn by two mules, stilt supported by Caryatids. RIC 55

Ex. Artemid Aste, Jean Baptiste Collection
2 commentsHolding_History
AGRSSE01.JPG
Agrippina maior, grand daughter of Augustus, daughter of Agrippa, wife of Germanicus, mother of Gaius ("Caligula"), 14 BC- 33 AD232 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (26.9g, 36mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius, AD 37.
AGRIPPINA·M·F·MAT·C·CAESARIS·AVGVSTI, draped bust right
S·P·Q·R· in field above, MEMORIAE / AGRIPPINAE in two lines
Carpentum drawn by two mules moving left. The Carpentum's cover is supported by standing figures at the corners and its sides are ornamented.
Gaius had the ashes of his mother returned to Rome soon after he came to power in 37 AD. He celebrated the memory of his mother, father and brothers, all murdered by Tiberius, with a series of coins. The sestertius issue was reserved for the memory of his mother. Note the lack of S C on this issue which has S P Q R instead.
RIC 55; Cohen 1
2 commentsCharles S
00722.jpg
Agrippina Sr. (RIC 55, #722)11 viewsRIC 55 (Common), AE Sestertius, Rome, 37-41 AD.
OBV: AGRIPPINA M F MAT CAESARIS AVGVSTI; Draped bust right.
REV: S P Q R MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE; Carpentum drawn left by two mules.
SIZE: 35.6mm, 24.56g
MaynardGee
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-_-Rev~4.jpg
Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1191 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen originally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv.Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
10 commentsPetitioncrown
amulet402g25_17mm.jpg
amulet lead23 viewswreath around cross, two pellets at end of each arm
4.02 g
25mm tall
wreath 17mm wide
wileyc
_1BesAmulet.JPG
Amulet of Bes62 views1st century BC - 1st century AD
1.25" tall

A small terracotta amulet of the god Bes, from Roman Egypt.

Bes was an apotropaic deity, the protector of the home. As such He is often depicted on everyday household items such as chairs, pottery, or even on the walls of the house itself.
Shown here wearing His plumed headdress and panther skin, Bes (possibly from the Nubian “Besa“, or ‘Protector‘) may have originally been a cat god. Why He evolved into a dwarf is not known.

Update;
This item donated to the Hallie Ford museum in Salem Oregon.

Enodia
22mm_4_7g.png
amulet/cross 15 viewsCross both sides
20mm diameter

4.70g lead
wileyc
20_20cm3_73g.png
ancient Amulet27 views20/cm by 20 cm
cross both sides four pellets
wileyc
Anglesey_462.jpg
Anglesey 462, Mule41 viewsObv: THE ANGLESEY MINES FARTHING, a cipher, P M CO, 1788 above.

Rev: ROBERT ORCHARD 1796, bust facing left, wearing a hat, JACOBS below.

Edge: Milled

Note: A very rare, possibly unique, token.

Farthing Conder Token

Dalton & Hamer: Anglesey 462
SPQR Coins
Pearl-AE-Amulet_Q-001_7,08g_17x13mm-s.jpg
Antique-AE-Pearl or Amulet #0166 viewsAntique-AE-Pearl or Amulet #01
type:AE-Pearl-or Amulet
size: 17x13mm,
weight: 7,08g,
date: Bronz Age ??? A.D.,
ref: ???
distribution: ???,
Q-001
quadrans
1__Scarab.jpg
ANTIQUITIES, Egypt, Scarab of Sesostris III, 1836 - 1818 B.C.70 views- Scarabée, Egypte Sesostris III, 1800 av.-JC. (Stéatite) 312
Amulette-sceau de 20 mm en forme de coléoptčre, hiéroglyphes gravés sur l’abdomen : scarabée ….

Sesostris III was a Pharaoh of the 12th dynasty (which lasted from c.1938–c. 1756 B.C.) and during his reign he completely reshaped Egypt’s government and extended his dominion in Nubia, the land immediately south of Egypt.
Roger D2
EgyptianHeartAmulet.jpg
ANTIQUITIES, Egypt, Stone Heart Amulet. c.2000 - 1700 B.C.79 viewsEgyptian Stone Heart Amulet, c. Middle Kingdom with etched veins.ancientcoins
Scarab.jpg
Antiquity New Kingdom Scarab of Tuthmosis III53 viewsNew Kingdom. 18th Dynasty. Tuthmosis III (circa 1504-1450 BC). Steatite scarab (14x10mm). Base engraved with the cartouche of Tuthmosis III; on the left, a Maat father and the crown of Lower Egypt. Intact, once glazed, pierced for mounting. Ex David Hendin collection. CNG Auction 93.

Scarabs were used as lucky and magical charms in ancient Egypt. Scarabs, such as this one, with the names of pharos, were particularly powerful, and were produced as protective amulets for the public. Hendin’s collection of scarabs were collected by him in Israel in the 1970s and 1980s.
2 commentsLucas H
AntoniaClaudius.jpg
Antonia/Claudius mule55 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Bare head of Antonia right

CERES AVGVSTA SC
Ceres enthroned left holding corn ears and torch

Provincial mint? 41-2 AD

10.83g
Die axis 180

Obverse Sear 1902 or 1903, RIC 92 or 104
Reverse Sear 1855 or 1856, RIC 94 or RIC 110

SOLD!


An interesting and rare dupondius. The obverse from Claudius in honor of his mother Antonia, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. The reverse is from a dupondius of Claudius. Both dies were in use at the same time giving rise to speculation, was this an "official" mistake from the mint or is this an ancient counterfeit? Style suggests a Provincial mint.

Encrustations and some bronze disease on the obverse is being treated.
1 commentsJay GT4
ANTOSEh1-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 519c, Sestertius of AD 138 (Pax)39 viewsĆ Sestertius (26,51g, Ř 31mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 138.
Obv.: IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS AVG PIVS, laureate head right.
Rev.: PONT MAX TR POT COS around, S | C, Pax standing left holding olive branch and cornucopiae.
RIC 519c (scarce); BMCRE BMCp169§; Cohen unlisted; Strack 745 (R); Banti 313 (1 spec. coll. Gnecchi)
Ex ArtCoins Roma, 2015/07/07.

This coin is a mule, combining an obverse of Issue 3, late AD 138, which includes the title "PIVS", with an older reverse of Issue 2 which normally has obv. legend without this title: IMP CAES AELIVS ANTONINVS AVG .
1 commentsCharles S
messanaTD.jpg
AR Tetradrachm of Messana, Sicily 461-445 BC24 viewsOBVERSE: seated charioteer holding reins of slow biga of mules to right. Nike flying above crowning mules with wreath. Olive leaf in Exergue
REVERSE: Hare springing right with legend MESSAN I ON with 'C' above the hare.
The charioteer theme on the obverse was introduced by the Tyrant Anaxilas in 480 BC to celebrate his victory in the races at the Olymics of either 480 or 484 BC. Anaxilas died in 475 BC but his sons succeeded him until they were expelled in 461, at which time the winged Nike was added to the obverse. The earliest of the Nike/charioteer types had A, B, C or D above the hare and the old style Greek S in the legends (not visible on this coin)
A bit rough but within my price range! The coin has an elegant design and illustrates the homely subjects that caught the eye of the Greeks and which they rendered so beautifully on their coins

Weight 17.5 gms, Diameter 25-27 mm
daverino
YGIA_amulet_lead.png
BCC L142 viewsLead Amulet
Obv:Radiate Bust Facing (Sol?)
Rev:Greek Inscription YGIA(health?)
12x18mm. Approx. 1.90g.
v-drome
lead_ring_IAW_L11.jpg
BCC L1140 viewsLead Amulet Ring
Late Roman - Gnostic
Obv: I A W Greek letters in
raised design. In addition to
the small diameter, there is a
raised seam on the inside which
would seem to make this a very
uncomfortable ring to wear.
22x17mm. 3.24gm.
v-drome
BCC_L14_Badge.jpeg
BCC L1416 viewsLead Amulet or Badge
Late Roman?-Magical/Gnostic?
Samaritan? or Crusader?
Obv: Concentric design with border of
20 dots, 18 boxes, an inner circle
surrounding five pellets and a central
dot. Two mounting loops, intact.
32x22mm. 4.14gm.
Rev: Blank
v-drome
anguipede_lead_1.jpg
BCC L651 viewsLead Amulet
Late Roman - Gnostic
Obv: Anguipede, stylized Persian influenced snake-legged figure,
usually with head of rooster, carrying flail and shield.
Rev: ABPACAX mystical word whose letters add up to 365
in the Greek numerical system. The Gnostic cult was active at Caesarea at least
through the early 4th century. At this stage, the magical symbol itself on this amulet
has become more important than the details of that image.
22x16mm 3.86gm Axis:0
v-drome
BCC_L9_anguipede.jpg
BCC L947 viewsLead Amulet
Late Roman - Gnostic
Obv: Anguipede, stylized Persian
influenced snake-legged figure,
usually with head of rooster,
carrying flail and shield, in
Roman military dress.
Rev: IAW/ABPA/CAΞ
Retro-grade Greek inscription
in three lines on a recessed
surface. The Gnostic cult was
active at Caesarea at least
through the early 4th century CE.
Pb14x12.5mm 2.19gm Axis:0
v-drome
Infant_Horus_bronze.jpg
BCC MA228 viewsAmulet of Horus (Harpocrates)
1st-4th cent.CE?
Infant Horus with finger to mouth,
perhaps part of a beaded necklace.
This representation is a realization
of the Hieroglyph for “child” that
was later mis-interpreted by Roman
and Greek writers as a gesture of
silence. (information from Wikipedia
entry on Harpocrates)
AE height18.5mm. weight:1.75gm.
v-drome
BCC_MA7_evil_eye.jpg
BCC MA723 viewsBronze Ring Amulet
Uncertain Date
Very tiny bronze ring engraved
with an arrow piercing the “evil eye”.
15x11mm. wt.0.74gm.
Original inside diameter:
approximately 10-13mm.
v-drome
Sear-1060var.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) Ć Half Follis, Carthage (Sear-1060/1059 Mule)13 viewsObv: Crowned and draped bust facing, holding mappa and globus cruciger, crown ornamented with cross
Rev: Large cross; C-T above X-X across field; above, star between two pellets

From the Prue Morgan Fitts Collection.

This coin has the reverse type of SB 1059, with pellets to either side of the star on the reverse, but has the obverse type of SB 1060, with Constans' crown ornamented with a cross instead of a trefoil
SpongeBob
boh21~0.jpg
Byzantine Period, Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III ( 1163-1201) . Ex. Roupen hoard125 views0.80g, 17 mm . 'Helmet' denier class B/C ('mule') of Bohemond III (c1165?).
Obv. +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head left
Rev. +ANTIOCHIA Cross pattée, crescent in second angle .
Metcalf 372-373
Marcus Phillips 'The Roupen hoard of Helmet pennies of Antioch', Numismatic Chronicle 2005, pp 249-276 . Plate 30 - 27(this coin).
Purchased from C.J.Sabine
Vladislav D
CaracallaYouthCapives.jpg
Caracalla112 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217. AR Denarius 19.5mm, 3.3 g. Rome mint. 201 / 202 AD.
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate and draped beardless young bust right
R: PART MAX PM TR P X, trophy; at base, bound captive seated at either side.
- RIC 322

A rare mule with a reverse meant for Septimius Severus.

The workmen can be excused for mixing up the dies, for in 201-202 exactly the same PART MAX Trophy type was being struck for both emperors, distinguished only by their titles in the continuation of the rev. legend, so easy to confuse:

PART MAX P M TR P VIIII or X or X COS III P P for Septimius,

PART MAX PONT TR P IIII or V or V COS for Caracalla.

Two others from the same rev. die, but different obv. dies: RIC 322 = BMC p. 385, 163, pl. 64.13; and CClay collection from eBay, Jan. 2007.

Another is reported by Cohen 174 (10 francs) from the Turin collection; and there were two more in the Reka Devnia hoard.
5 commentsNemonater
Caracalla_Jupiter~0.JPG
Caracalla Jupitor21 viewsAntoninus Pius Mint Mule, denarius,
OBV: ANTONINUS PIUS AUG, Laureate head right
REV: P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt & scepter; eagle at

Obverse is RIC 114
Reverse is RIC 196, BMC 471 and RSC 469

Struck with a Septimius Reverse and Caracalla Obverse.

Very Rare
Romanorvm
cf.elagabal_148_mule.jpg
Caracalla, cf. Elagabal RIC 148 (hybrid)33 viewsCaracalla, AD 198-217
unknown illegal mint
AE - Antoninian Fouree (hybrid), 3.68g, 20.4mm
obv. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
rev. TEMPORVM FELICITAS
Felicitas, stg. l., holding cornucopiae in l. arm and caduceus in r. hand
cf. Elagabal RIC IV/2, 148
VF
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Hybrid (mule): Interesting ancient hybrid counterfeit combining obv. of Caracalla with a rev. of Elagabal.
Jochen
artikel_pic657.JPG
Carus Alexandria18 viewsA K M A KAPOC CEB, Laureate and draped bust right.
L A, Athena saeted left on throne, with Nike and Spear.
Emmett unlisted.

TETRADRACHM, L A year 1

20,3mm, 8.39gr, Die 0.

Unlisted en unique specimen, probably a mule. Same reverse as Carinus(die match) Emmett 4001 LA Augustus.
Ed D
chinese_charm_pan.jpg
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.87 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey Primaltrek.com

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve E
amulet25_15mm578g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).59 viewsworn on neck
Date: end of 9th through tenth century
Knjaz St. Boris I obliges all the Bulgarians to bring Christian symbols after the conversion to Christianity (865 AD).
25mm by 15mm, 5.78g


thanks to Val/Orthodox coins for this information
wileyc
amulet20mm15mm758g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).31 viewsworn on neck
Date: end of 9th through tenth century
Knjaz St. Boris I obliges all the Bulgarians to bring Christian symbols after the conversion to Christianity (865 AD).
20mm by 15mm, 7.58g

thanks to Val/Orthodox coins for this information
wileyc
10512_14mm2_34g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).76 viewsCross design in square, both sides. Bronze?
14mm/1mm 2.34
1 commentswileyc
30mm16mm516g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).29 viewsworn on neck
simple cross on one side
cross with two concentric circles on other side
Date: end of 9th through tenth century
Knjaz St. Boris I obliges all the Bulgarians to bring Christian symbols after the conversion to Christianity (865 AD).
3mm/16mm 5.16g

20mm by 15mm, 7.58g
wileyc
21mm309g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).17 viewsworn on neck

cross with two concentric circles on ends
half circle with concentric circles on end, and in arch
Date: end of 9th through tenth century
Knjaz St. Boris I obliges all the Bulgarians to bring Christian symbols after the conversion to Christianity (865 AD).
3mm/16mm 5.16g

21mm 3.09g
wileyc
17_1mm_3_39g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).24 viewsclover leaf
blank on one side
17mm, 3.39 g
wileyc
16mm203g.jpg
Christian lead amulet First Bulgarian Empire (681 - 1018).23 viewscross with dots in each quarter
16mm 2.03g
wileyc
3150199.jpg
CILICIA, Mopsouestia-Mopsos. Caracalla25 viewsCILICIA, Mopsouestia-Mopsos. Caracalla. Caesar, AD 196-198. Ć (32mm, 19.32 g, 6h). Dated CY 265 (AD 198). Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Mule standing left, carrying crown on back. Von Aulock, Mopsos 57f = SNG von Aulock 5744 = SNG Levante 1344 (same obv. die); SNG France 1987. Good Fine, green patina. ecoli
AGRJSE01-2.jpg
Claudius, RIC 103, for Agrippina Junior, Sestertius of AD 50-5433 viewsĆ Sestertius, 25,70g, Ř 34mm, 6h, Thracien mint, AD 50-54
Obv.: AGRIPPINA AVG GERMANICI F CAESARIS AVG, Agrippina Jr. draped bust right, hair in long plait.
Rev.: no legend, Carpentum left, drawn by two mules.
RIC (Claudius) 103 (R3); BMC p.195*; Cohen unlisted; RCV 1910
Ex Boule (Paris), Mail Bid Auction 107, Oct. 2015
Charles S
AGRJSE02.jpg
Claudius, RIC 103, for Agrippina Junior, Sestertius of AD 50-5499 viewsĆ Sestertius (27,0g, Ř 33mm, 6h). Thracien mint. Struck AD 50-54 (under Claudius).
Obv.: AGRIPPINA·AVG·GERMANICI·F·CAESARIS·AVG, Agrippina Jr. draped bust right, hair in long plait.
Rev.: no legend, Carpentum left, drawn by two mules, the cover supported by standing figures at each corner and with ornamented side.
RIC Claudius 103 (R3); BMC p195*; Cohen unlisted
Ex Cayón Subastas, speed auction 32, Feb. 2016; ex Ex Cayón, Dec. 2006.
8 commentsCharles S
Const_1.jpg
Constantine17 viewsAE 3 - Unofficial issue

Obv: CONSTANTINVS AG
Rev: VIRTVS CAESS / TA crescent R in ex. ; camp-gate

This coin has the AG legend error combined with a reverse that was used for Caesars (CAESS used for Constantine II as Caesar) being used for Constantine as Augustus. Constantine has the same reverse type but with legend VIRTVS AVGG.

The coin combines obverse of Constantine I with reverse of Constantine II:
CONSTANTINE I - AE 3
CONSTANTINVS AG / VIRTVS AVGG ; camp-gate

CONSTANTINE II - AE 3
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C / VIRTVS CAESS / camp-gate


Tanit
004~0.JPG
Constantine I Mule17 viewsConstantine I
Ae3
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Wreath enclosing VOT X
U/TT
Struck in 322-325
(Ticinum issues do not contain the Caesarum Nostrorum reverse for this series.)
hooverman
010.JPG
Constantine I Mule11 viewsConstantine I
Ae3
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Wreath enclosing VOT X
U/TT
Struck in 322-325
(Ticinum issues do not contain the Caesarum Nostrorum reverse for this series.)
hooverman
012.JPG
Constantine I Mule15 viewsConstantine I
Ae3
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate head right
CAESARVM NOSTRORVM
Wreath enclosing VOT X
Probably Ticinum
Struck in 322-325
(Ticinum issues do not contain the Caesarum Nostrorum reverse for this series.)
hooverman
coins132.JPG
CONSTANTINOPOLIS Heraclea20 viewsMule with soldiers and one standard

RIC VII Heraclea 157

ecoli
CON_GE_2_STDS.jpg
CONSTANTINOPOLIS--SOLDIERS & TWO STANDARDS (MULE)22 viewsSTRUCK 332 - 333 AD
AE 16 mm 1.40 g
O: CONSTANTINOPOLIS, Helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, scepter across shoulder
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, 2 soldiers holding spears and shields on ground flanking 2 standards
TR dot P
Mule of the Tier mint Cf. RIC 537 to 543
laney
IMG_1758.jpg
Constantius II, copy of Lyons18 viewsFLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
[...]TR_ANQVILLIT[...], Altar with VO/TIS/XX
Mintmark C/R//PLG
Weight 2.26g
A mule with an obverse from the Campgate series which is later in date - Constantius II was not even a Caesar when the Altar types were produced
Adrianus
IMG_1744.jpg
Crispus, copy of London3 viewsCRISPVS_NOBCAES, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
BEATTRA_NQLITAS, Altar with VOT/IS/XX
Mintmark F/B//PLON
Weight 2.32g
The obverse is appropriate to Lyons and so this is an irregular mule
Adrianus
IMG_1766.jpg
Crispus, copy of Lyons16 viewsIVLCRISP[...]NOBCAES, Laureate, cuirassed bust left, spear on left shoulder, spear over right
BEATARAN_QVILLITAS, Altar with VO/TIS/XX
Mintmark -/-//PLG
Weight 1.98g
The obverse is appropriate to Trier and so this is an irregular mule
Adrianus
IMG_1754.jpg
Crispus, copy of Trier4 viewsCRISPVS_NOBCAES, Laureate head right
BEATATRAN_QVILLITAS, Altar with VOT/IS/XX
Mintmark PTR
Weight 2.11g
The obverse type is appropriate to Lyons and so this is an irregular mule
Adrianus
boh21.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III ( 1163-1201.) . Ex 'Roupen' hoard45 viewsCrusaders . Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III ( 1163-1201.) . Ex 'Roupen' hoard
0.80g, 17 mm . 'Helmet' denier class B/C ('mule') of Bohemond III (c1165?).
Obv. +BOAMVNDVS Helmeted head left
Rev. +ANTIOCHIA Cross pattée, crescent in second angle .
Metcalf 372-373
Marcus Phillips 'The Roupen hoard of Helmet pennies of Antioch', Numismatic Chronicle 2005, pp 249-276 . Plate 30 - 27(this coin).
Purchased from C.J.Sabine
Vladislav D
Domitian_COS_X_mule_(unlisted_in_RIC_and_BMCRE).jpg
Domitian82 viewsAR Denarius.

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V, laureate head right / P M TR POT III IMP V COS X P P (M3)

RIC II.1, unlisted (R3 - assigned 344A by Dr. Buttrey in the RIC II.1, Addendum); BMCRE II, unlisted; RSC II, unlisted

Dr. Buttrey's notes: "A die carried over from a rather earlier issue (184-187), here muled with obv. TR P V. Since that tribunician era obtained for several issues of aurei and denarii the striking of this piece cannot be exactly placed: insertion as 344A is chosen as its earliest possible production. R3 Downie's 323 15/03/2017 2055 = Telford coll."
5 commentssocalcoins
DomIVDCAP_I.jpg
Domitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Sestertius Mule84 viewsDomitian Caesar / Titus Judaea Capta Ć Sestertius Mule, 25.38 g. Rome mint, struck 80/81

O: [CAES DIVI] AVG VESP F DOMITIAN[VS COS VII] - RIC II 288-306 (Titus)
R: IVD CAP across fields; SC in field below; mourning Jewess to left of palm on pile of arms; Jew on right with hands bound, arms on ground. - Titus RIC 153 (Perhaps a die match); Hendin 1593b; Upcoming addenda Titus 287A.

The only known sestertius mule under Titus.

From the patina it was likely found in eastern Europe, perhaps Bulgaria, a rich find spot for a lot of the judaea sestertii.

What evidence points to RIC II 288 / 306?

As noted by Curtis Clay, "Obverse legends beginning CAESAR are rare, and so far only known with portrait laur. left, according to RIC 275-7. Legends beginning CAES are very much more common.

With the N of DOMITIAN placed before Domitian's mouth, too much space seems to remain for just COS VII. We almost need that added VS to fill out the space.

Flavian mules in gold or silver occur with some regularity, though they are all rare individually.

It's not surprising, however, that very few sestertius mules occurred.

1. Vespasian struck c. 90% of the sestertii of his reign in the single year 71. Mules were impossible, because he hadn't yet begun striking sestertii for Titus and Domitian!

2. Later, when sestertii were being struck for Titus and Domitian too, the rev. types were not usually personalized, for example by carrying on the imperial titulature of each emperor, but were general and could be shared among the emperors, for example S C Spes advancing, or PAX AVGVSTI S C. Virtually all of the rev. types were appropriate for all three emperors, so there could be no mules!

Under Titus the possibilities for mules increased, since more types were introduced that were apparently meant for just one of the two imperial brothers, for example:

Titus: the Judaea Capta types, ANNONA AVG without S C, FELICIT PVBLIC, PIETAS AVGVST (Titus and Dom. shaking hands), PROVIDENT AVGVST (Vesp. hands globe to Titus), S C (Roma hands Palladium to Titus on horseback)

Domitian: S C (Minerva fighting right)."
3 commentsNemonater
JLTISE02-2.jpg
Domitian, RIC 717, for Julia Titi, Sestertius of AD 92-94 (Carpentum)29 viewsĆ Sestertius (23,63g, Ř 32mm, 6h). Rome, AD 92-94.
Obv.: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P around large S·C, .
Rev.: DIVAE IVLIAE AVG DIVI TITI F around, SPQR in ex, Carpentum right drawn by two mules right; the tilt rests on standing figures at each corner, three corners showing; draperies or guirlands on the side of the body of the carpentum; six spokes in wheel.
RIC Domitian 717; BMC 458; Cohen (Julia) 9 (15fr); Roman Historical Coins 93/40
Ex Boule (Paris), Mail Bid Auction 107, Oct. 2015.

Issued in honour of the consecration of Julia Titi, daughter of Titus, in AD 91.
Charles S
DOMTSE01-2.jpg
Domitilla, RIC (Titus) 262, Sestertius of AD 80-8134 viewsĆ Sestertius (23.92g, Ř 34mm, 6h). Rome, AD 80-81
Obv.: MEMORIAE DOMI-TILLAE in three lines high in field S.P.Q.R in ex., Carpentum drawn right by two mules.
Rev.: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII around large S C.
RIC Titus 262 (C); BMC 270:228; Cohen 1
Ex Jean Elsen, Auction 98, Dec. 2008
1 commentsCharles S
EB0015_scaled.JPG
EB0015 Biga / Hare21 viewsMessana, SICILY, AR tetradrachm, 478-476 BC.
Obverse: Mule driven biga right, olive leaf in exergue.
Reverse: Hare running right, dot below, legend around.
References: Caltabiano-71 (same reverse die).
Diameter: 26.5mm, Weight: 17.35g.
Ex: Ariagno Collection.
1 commentsEB
EB0374_scaled.JPG
EB0374 Livia, carpentum20 viewsLivia, AE Sestertius, Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23.
Obv: SPQR IVLIAE AVGVST in three lines, funeral carpentum drawn right by two mules.
Rev: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC.
References: RIC 51; BMCRE 76; Cohen 6; Sear 1738.
Diameter: 35mm, Weight: heavy.
1 commentsEB
00nefertem.jpg
EGYPTIAN149 viewsNefertem. Faience amulet , 52mm . Late period.
Son to Sekhmet and Ptah,Nefertem (or Nefertum) completes the divine Memphite family. He is shown here in human form wearing the lotus flower as a crown with two plumes and two menyet counterpoised at its sides.He wears a shendyt kilt and braided beard .
Ex A.F.Pagnon collection. AncientArt XXXVIII # 11.
3 commentsbenito
Faience_Dwarf_-_sm.jpg
Egyptian Faience Dwarf with Large Phallus151 viewsA Large Faience Egyptian Amulet of a Dwarf. A large faience amulet of a dwarf with large phallus, Late Period, c. 664 - 30 BC, seated with his knees drawn up before him, tufts of hair on each side of his head. He holds his enormous engorged phallus against his chest with both hands, resting his chin on the end. Suspension loop at the back of his head. H: 46 mm. Intact, glaze fade though traces of black still on the hair. Ex Negus collection, UK, late 19th Century.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013

Great info from FORVM member Russ (thanks!):
These items represent the ancient Egyptian god Min, and date from the XXVIth Dynasty to Roman times. See:
1. Andrews, Carol. Amulets of Ancient Egypt. Avon/Austin, 1994: pages 11, 16, 17, 88; Figs 5a and 11b.
2. Blanchard, R.H. Handbook of Egyptian Gods and Mummy Amulets. Cairo, 1909 (reprinted by Attic Books, no date): page 19, Figs. 193 & 194, Plate XXXVII. Blanchard notes " Min, Minu or Khem, the ithyphalic god of procreation and harvest. He was allied to Amen and wears the two feathers. He hoolds aloft the flail with his right arm. He was the son of Isis, father of Ra, and husband of his mother. Min was the original of the Greek god Pan, and was worshipped at Akhmim, or the Panopolis of the Greeks."
3. Petrie, W.M.F. Amulets, London, 1914, reprinted 1974: page 37, Section 161, Plate XXX.
4 commentsSosius
photo.PNG
Egyptian Faience Frog30 views2nd-1st Millenium BC, Egyptian Faience Frog. c. 11mm maximum diameter.

From Forvm's description of a similar piece:

The frog was a symbol of the Egyptian goddess of birth, Heget. Her priestesses were midwives and women often wore frog amulets during childbirth. Heget was said to have breathed life in to the new body of Horus and some of her amulets include the phrase, "I am the resurrection." Curiously, early Christians adopted the frog as a symbol of Christ's resurrection.
1 commentsMolinari
rjb_2014_01_09.jpg
Egyptian late dynastic faience amulet23 viewsEgyptian late dynastic faience amulet of Thoth in the form of a seated baboon.

Thoth's roles in Egyptian mythology were many. He served as a mediating power, especially between good and evil, making sure neither had a decisive victory over the other. He also served as scribe of the gods, credited with the invention of writing and alphabets (i.e. hieroglyphs) themselves. In the underworld, Duat, he appeared as an ape, A'an, the god of equilibrium, who reported when the scales weighing the deceased's heart against the feather, representing the principle of Ma'at, was exactly even.

The ancient Egyptians regarded Thoth as One, self-begotten, and self-produced. He was the master of both physical and moral (i.e. Divine) law, making proper use of Ma'at. He is credited with making the calculations for the establishment of the heavens, stars, Earth, and everything in them. Compare this to how his feminine counterpart, Ma'at was the force which maintained the Universe. He is said to direct the motions of the heavenly bodies. Without his words, the Egyptians believed, the gods would not exist. His power was unlimited in the Underworld and rivaled that of Ra and Osiris.

The Egyptians credited him as the author of all works of science, religion, philosophy, and magic. The Greeks further declared him the inventor of astronomy, astrology, the science of numbers, mathematics, geometry, land surveying, medicine, botany, theology, civilized government, the alphabet, reading, writing, and oratory. They further claimed he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human and divine.

Reputedly ex Florence Rossetti collection (c.1948-50)
mauseus
Scarab2_b.jpg
Egyptian steatite scarab amulet18 viewsHyksos - Second Intermediate Period
circa 1700-1600 B.C.
Tibsi
Scarab1_b.jpg
Egyptian steatite scarab amulet23 viewsHyksos - Second Intermediate Period
circa 1700-1600 B.C.
Tibsi
elli2.jpg
ELAGABALUS, Victory Denarius 218-222 CE. Limes Denar Mule with reverse of Alexander Severus 14 viewsObverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PROVID DEORVM, Providence standing left, holding baton above globe at foot & cornucopia. (Alexander Severus) 18.6 mm.,2.9 g.
See discussion on this coin @
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88040.0
NORMAN K
Elis,_Olympia_Stater_-_Seltman_76.jpg
Elis, Olympia, 83rd-85th Olympiads, 448-440 BC, AR Stater 17 views Eagle flying right, grasping a snake with its talons and its beak; two countermarks (crab and mule's leg).
F-A Thunderbolt with volutes and wings.

Seltman 76 (same dies AS/βς Seltman pl. III); BCD Olympia 372.1 (this coin); HGC 5, 306 (R2). Zeus Mint 448-440 BC (83rd-85th Olympiads).

(24 mm, 11.71 g, 2h).
Harlan J Berk Buy or Bid Sale 175, 7 July 2011, 144; ex- BCD Collection: Leu Numismatik AG 90, 10 May 2004, 327.1.

Although the tip of the beak of the eagle is off-flan, it remains a portrayal with a great deal of elegance. Seltman’s obverse die AS was used to strike 8 emissions – Seltman 75-82. This is the fourth known example of Seltman 76 and the only one outside a museum collection.
n.igma
ELYMAIS_Unidentified_King.jpg
Elymais. Arsacid dynasty. Probably a contemporary regional counterfeit struck during the reign of Prince A (late 2nd to early 3rd centuries A.D.), or later.53 viewsvan't Haaff --; De Morgan --; BMC --; Sear GICV --; Alram --

AE unit (denomination undetermined), 2.51 g., 12.59 mm. max., 0°

Obv.: Bust facing left, side whiskers as double row of dots.

Rev.: Plain diadem of two bands with fine lines, pellet border.

The obverse bust most closely resembles Prince A (late 2nd to early 3rd centuries A.D.), van't Haaff 19.1.1-1A, whereas the reverse mirrors Phraates (early-mid 2nd century A.D.), van't Haaff 14.4.1-2). Due to the decades between these rulers, the coin is probably not a mule. The coins of Phraates may have remained in circulation during the reign of Prince A, and beyond. The coin is probably a contemporary regional counterfeit inspired by the Phraates reverse. However, the diadem on the reverse is a reference to sky god Bel, and the possibility that the coin is an unrecorded official coin, issued by Prince A with the revived iconography of Phraates, cannot be excluded.

Attribution assistance courtesy of Pieter Anne van't Haaff (thanks to Robert L3), and Robert L3.
2 commentsStkp
Petrie-138y.jpg
Eye of Horus: Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1070-664 BCE) Blue and Black faience Wedjet Amulet (Petrie, Amulets pl. XXV, 138y)29 viewsFrom the Carl Devries Collection1 commentsQuant.Geek
IMG_2494.JPG
Faience Eye of Horus Amulet (Wedjat), VI Dynasty to Ptolemaic Period 30 viewsFaience Eye of Horus Amulet (Wedjat), VI Dynasty to Ptolemaic Period

Eye of Horus Amulet, Light blue Faience, no black detail, looking right, 15mm.
The 'sound' eye that restores life. Petrie 138
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
FAVSSE17-2.jpg
Faustina Sr, RIC (A. Pius) 1141, sestertius of AD 145 (carpentum) 30 viewsĆ Sestertius (23,53g, Ř 31mm, 12h). Rome, AD 145.
Obv.: DIVA AVGVSTA FAVSTINA, draped bust right with hair waived & coiled on top head.
Rev.: EX S C in ex., ornamented carpentum drawn right by two mules.
RIC Antoninus Pius 1141 (R2); Cohen 199 (40 fr.); Strack 683 (P (carpentum w. 5 statues)); Banti 66 (2 spec.)
Ex Boule (Paris), Mail Bid Auction 107, Oct. 2015.
Portrait tooled
1 commentsCharles S
byzseal_.jpg
Fragment of Amulet37 viewsTypically one side has PEFAHL (ie Raphael, the Archangel), retrograde, the other side CABAW (heavenly 'Hosts')
Late Roman early Byzantine
10mm by 8mm.
2.30g
Fragment of a “magical” pendent or amulet. Portion of the name Gabriel with the one suspension hoop on this remaining fragmentS. imilar to one from the Sternberg sale (in association with Wolfe) of Jewish, Early Christian and Byzantine Antiquities (XXIII, 1989, lot 256). Thanks to Gert Boerswema from Forum and Vcoins for this information
wileyc
AGRSSE01~0.JPG
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 55, for Agrippina Maior, sestertius of 37 AD (Carpentum)48 viewsĆ Sestertius (26.9g, 36mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius ("Caligula"), AD 37.
Obv.: AGRIPPINA·M·F·MAT·C·CAESARIS·AVGVSTI, draped bust right.
Rev.: S·P·Q·R· in field above, MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE in two lines
Carpentum drawn by two mules moving left. The Carpentum's cover is supported by standing figures at the corners and its sides are ornamented.
RIC 55; Cohen 1

One of the very first acts of Gaius after he came to power in 37 AD was to have the ashes of his mother returned to Rome from the island where she had been exiled and murdered by Tiberius. He celebrated the memory of his mother, father and brothers, all murdered by Tiberius, with a series of coins, dedicating the most important, the sestertius issue, to his mother. Note the lack of S C on this issue which has S P Q R instead.
1 commentsCharles S
0148_MERGED2~0.jpg
Gallienus - Capreolus24 viewsObverse:- [GA]LLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- IVNONICONSAVG, Combination of Goat/Stag Left
Exergue:- Delta
RIC 224 GOBL 725b CUNETIO Not listed

Rare Gallienus mule with reverse of Salonina

Provenance :- Purchased from Harlan J Berk
nogoodnicksleft
GALLIEN-12.jpg
Gallienus Göbl pl. 133, 5 Mule22 viewsObv: GALLIENVS AVG
radiate bust right
Rev: PVDICITIA
Pudicitia seated left, holding patera in
right hand and scepter in left
18mm 2.6gm
Example in BM collection, mule with Salonina reverse.
OWL365
Sicily_Gela_SNG-ANS4_7_gf.jpg
Gela16 viewsGela. (CEΛAΣ) c. 490/485-480/475 BC. AR Didrachm (8.57 gm). Horseman galloping right, brandishing spear overhead. / Forepart of river god Gelas as man-headed bull r. (Ε-ΛΑ before.  nEF.  Triton V #1167. Ex William N. Rudman Coll. SNG ANS 4 mule: #7 (same ob. die) / #5 (same rev. die); Jenkins Gela Gp Ib 42 (O13'/R17); SNG Cop 1 #256; SNG Klagenfurt 430; HGC 2 #363.
480-470 BC.  Rule of tyrant Gelon, born in Gela, who won a crushing victory over the Carthaginians and ruled Syracuse for a time.
3 commentsAnaximander
2820333.jpg
Geta (as Augustus), 209–11 CE89 viewsAR denarius, Rome mint, 210 CE; 19mm, 3.11g, 6h; BM —, CRB —, RIC —, RSC —. Obv: P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT; laureate bust right. Rx: VICTORI – AE BRIT; Victory seated left on shields, holding shield on right knee and palm. Commemorates victories declared in Britain. Very rare mule; CNG states, “this reverse type is unknown on coins of Geta. It is known, however, for aurei of Caracalla (RIC IV 174). As the reverse die is worn, it is possible that the minters felt the die was too deteriorated to continue producing aurei, but sufficient for striking denarii.” According to Curtis L. Clay, “only one other is known to me, in my collection, from different dies, much less fine, ex Gitbud & Naumann, eBay, 19 March 2011.”

ex CNG eAuction 282, 11 July 2012, lot 333
ex Dr. J.S. Vogelaar Collection, CNG eAuction 215, 29 July 2009, lot 473

Dr. J.S. “Stoffel” Vogelaar (1949–2010), a resident of Bohea, County Mayo, Ireland, but native to Puttershoek, Holland, was a well-known antique, coin, and book dealer. He was an expert in the field of Romano-British coinage and amassed a large collection
3 commentsMichael K5
bot8.jpg
GREEK, Sicily, Messana AR Tetradrachm321 views(412–408 BC)
Obv.: Charioteer driving mule biga left, two dolphins nose to nose in exergue
Rev.: Hare leaping left over horizontal barley ear, dove flying left above, MESSANION in exergue.
Caltabiano 614 ; SNG ANS 378 ; SNG Copenhagen 404.
4 commentsMinos
Hadrian_denarius.jpg
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D. Silver denarius, RIC II 381b6 viewsObverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P COS III, Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand. This scarce type is a mule, struck with a recycled older reverse die. This reverse die was first used with the obverse legend IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, struck c. 119 - 128 A.D. The normal reverse had the legend COS III.

This coin was purchased from forvm and this description is from forvm as well.
2 commentsJustin W
harpokratescomp.jpg
Harpokrates Bronze63 viewsAn ancient Egyptian bronze statuette of the God Harpokrates, shown seated wearing the sidelock of youth, sun-disc and tripartite wig, dating to Egypt's Late Period, approximately 664-323 B.C.E.

Harpokrates is the Greek name for the Egyptian God Horus, depicted in his child form with finger to the mouth - a recognition of the Egyptian "child" hieroglyph. He was the God of the sunrise, and was often depicted as a falcon.

A suspension loop at the back would have enabled the figure to be worn as an amulet.

Height: 3 1/2 inches.

Provenance:
Ex. Collection of C.E.Best (died 1973). Cecil Best was an incredibly colorful character. Educated at Ardingley college in the late 1800's, Best trained as a banker but subsequently worked as a miner, soldier, merchant, editor and singer. He served as syllabus secretary at the Theosophical Society, England, where he met his future wife Inayat Khan, who converted him to the Sufism form of Islam and renamed him Shahbaz. Shahbaz Best, as he was now known, traveled to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil to spread his religion and work as a banker. It was during this time that he met H.E.Inman, a marine engineer, who gifted him his collection of antiquities that he had acquired in lieu of payment from the Egyptian government between 1910-1912. The antiquities were excavated from tombs in lower Egypt and were on display at the Southampton Museum in England after the death of Mr. Best in 1973.

Ex. ArtAncientLtd
Salaethus
Ancient_Counterfeits_Trajan_Mule_Hercules.jpg
Hercules Mule5 viewsObv.: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Laur. r.
Rev.: P M TR COS IIII P P (sic)
Hercules standing front on altar, holding club and lion skin (as RIC 49).

2.79g, 19mm
klausklage
fausta_camp.jpg
Horrible Fausta Campgate Mule64 viewsFausta (Augusta)
AE (Found harshly over cleaned in coin shop junk box)
Ob: FLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG - Draped bust right, hair tied in bun on back of head
Rv: PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG - 6 Layer, two turrent camp gate (!) with star above, no doors
Exergue: PTR? (epsilon or dot in crescent, can't tell)
Mint: Trier (ca. 326 AD)
References: * Unique Mule w/ Obv. of Fausta RIC VII Trier 466 and rev. of Constantine I RIC VII Trier 461

Though in exceedingly poor shape, this coin was purchased from a junk bin because it didn't look plausible. It had been overcleaned and was aparently discarded by its previous owner as a badly cleaned coin. At first I thought someone had attempted to "convert" by crude tooling a standard campgate into a Fausta obverse, but the obverse legend (FLAV MAX - FAVSTA AVG) is clearly not tooled and the portrait style with the small bun at the back of the neck is a valid style of portraiture for Fausta.

Ugly as it is, it is a unique mint error. Coins of Fausta were indeed being struck alongside coins of the emperors and Caesars in this Campgate issue.

Issues with this PTR crescent reverse include:

Constantine I RIC VII Trier 461 (PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG)
Crispus RIC VII Trier 462 (PROIDEN-TIAE CAESS)
Constantine II RIC VII Trier 463 (PROIDEN-TIAE CAESS)

With a reverse legend of PROIDEN-TIAE AVGG, this coin is a combination of an R4 reverse (RIC 461) and an obverse intended for an R5 reverse - Fausta SPES REIPVBLICAE RIC 466 R5
2 commentsScotvs Capitis
HUN_Hunyadi-Laszlo_Huszar_630.JPG
Huszár 630, Pohl 185A, Unger --, RĂ©thy II 165101 viewsHungary. János Hunyadi (Governor, 1446-1453) and or in the name of Ladislaus V (László in Hun.) “Posthumous” (1440-1457). Billon denar, .57 gr., 17 mm.

Obv: [* ]MOnTA • LADISLAI • DEI [• G], Patriarchal cross, K-R (privy mark) in fields.

Rev: [+ TEMPOR]E • [IO • GVBER]nATORI, Bohemian lion facing left.

Struck in 1452 per Huszár or post 1447 (probably 1452) per Pohl to pay laborers (per Pohl). This is a mule (Although not noted as such in Huszár, it is stated to be a mule in Unger and Pohl. It was listed as Unger 493 in the first edition of that catalog, but is not listed in the second edition). The “obverse” of this coin is the obverse of a denar (Huszár 654, Pohl 160-3, Unger 505c, Réthy II 183) struck on behalf of Ladislaus V by the Hussite warlord Jan Giskra in 1447-1450 (per Pohl, Huszár and Unger). The “reverse” is the obverse of a denar (Huszár 620, Pohl 177, Unger 486, Réthy II 157A) struck by János Hunyadi in 1447-1450 (per Huszár and Unger) or 1447-1451 (per Pohl). The privy mark is a collective mark struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) that was used on both types in all those years (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating R1. The reverse legend in Huszár differs from that in Réthy only in that there is a final “S” in the legend in Huszár. This coin appears to comport with Réthy.
Stkp
Hartill-13_30.jpg
Imperial China, Northern Zhou Dynasty: Emperor Wu (574-576) Cash (Hartill-13.30)18 viewsObv: 五行大布 Wu Xing Da Bu (The Large Coin of the Five Elements [metal, wood, water, fire and water]).
Rev: Blank

Issued in 574 by Emperor Wu. Intended to be worth ten Bu Quans. Illegal coining soon produced specimens of a reduced weight, and the authorities banned the use of this coin in 576. This inscription is frequently found in amulets.
1 commentsSpongeBob
Italy- Pompeii- Bakery with its grain mill.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- Bakery with its grain mill85 viewsBAKERY Strada Stabiana Pompeii
These are some mill-wheels which ground the flour in the bakery or pistrinum. The top part rotates around the bottom stationary stone.

HOUSE OF THE BAKER (VI,3,3)
This dates from the 2nd cent. BC, but the remodelling after the 62 AD earthquake converted the ground floor of the house into workrooms, while the residential function moved to the top floor, reached by the stairs to the right of the atrium entrance: it appears that work was not yet complete at the time of the eruption (79 AD). For a long time this was the only large bakery brought to light in Pompeii, among the 35 now known. The hortus (garden) contained the machinery for grinding wheat and for preparing and baking bread: the water basins, the vaulted oven, four millstones of lava rock on a base in opus incertum. In the open room on the right, two stone blocks supported the table on which the bread rested before baking, while the room to the left of the tablinum was the kitchen. The feed bin was against the wall of the stalls, which open onto the garden and Vico di Modesto: here it seems that a fully harnessed mule skeleton was found.
John Schou
amulet_lead_7_25g.jpg
Lead Amulet16 viewsCross Hatch pattern
7 across, 6 down
Blank on reverse
Tear drop shape
33/28mm
7.25g
wileyc
amulet_lead_22mm__2_88g.jpg
Lead Amulet15 viewsobj: oval with five leafs/each with pellet
rev:blank
22mm
2.88g
wileyc
amuletlead_25_15_5_20g.jpg
Lead Amulet13 views25 by 15 mm
two clasps
7 ray star with pellets in each sector

5.20g
wileyc
amuletlead_30_22_4_77g_2.jpg
lead amulet11 views12 leaf pendant
pellet in center
30/22mm
4.77g
wileyc
amuletlead_22mm_3_92g.jpg
Lead Amulet39 viewscircle 22mm
cross one side pellet in each arm
reverse arms outlined with pellets
3.92g
1 commentswileyc
Licinius II - Constantine I.jpg
Licinus II - Constantine I22 viewsThere are at least two strikes on the coin. The first was an IOVI CONSERVATORI for Licinius II (bottom of both obverse and reverse picture). Then at the top of obverse picture you have INVS IVN NOB C. That leaves us with Constantine II for that legend. The bust would appear to be one of these Caesars as well and I would guess Constantine II. Then we have the rest of the reverse which is clearly a Constantine I reverse, but a few mules have been showing up recently with these mismatched pairs.
You can see the IOVI CONS plus head of Jupiter and Victriola-on-globe on the reverse, and IN LICINIVS NOB C (full legend would be DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C) plus a left facing helmetted bust with spear over shoulder on the obverse. The bust type means that it must be a half-nummus (X over II~ 121/2 marked) eastern IOVI CONSERVATORI of 321-324.

The overstike appears to be a muled pairing. The Obverse shows a left facing bust and IVN NOB C legend indicating one of the caesars (expected with VOT X reverse), but the DN CONSTANT reverse legend is meant for Constantine I and the type is VOT XX as can be seen from the positioning of the X (of XX).

Could be some moonlighters at the Constantine mint trying to turn a few half-nummi into nummi.

Tanit
490082.jpg
Lucius Verus Denarius - Apparent Hybrid [Not in RIC]27 viewsLucius Verus Denarius - Apparent Hybrid [Not in RIC]
The obverse legend dates this to c.Dec 164-c.Aug 165,
whilst the reverse places this at c.Summer 166-Dec 166.
No such coin is listed in RIC, but the obverse concords
with RIC 528-537, and the reverse with RIC 561-567.
An unusual hybrid variant, perhaps unofficial.
OldMoney
Silandos.jpg
Lydia, Silandos, Silen/ dionysos, AE1759 views17mm, 4.62g
obv: CIΛANΔEΩN, bearded head of Silen, wreathed in ivy right
rev: EΠI CATTAΛIANOV Dionysos(?) with thyrsos on mule right

SNG Aulock -; SNG Leypold -; SNG München -; SNG Tübingen -
3 commentsareich
Lydia_Silandos_Silen_Silen_Ass_AE18_4_88g_1.jpg
Lydia, Silandos, Silen/ dionysos, AE18 30 views18mm, 4.88g
obv: CIΛANΔEΩN, bearded head of Silen, wreathed in ivy right
rev: EΠI CATTAΛIANOV Dionysos(?) with thyrsos on mule right


SNG Aulock -; SNG Leypold -; SNG München -; SNG Tübingen -
ex. Münzen und Medaillen GmbH

updated with better picture
areich
1226mab1.jpg
Marcus Aurelius - Ancient Barbaric Imitation 19 viewsUnpublished mule or ancient barbaric imitation of Marcus Aurelius with reverse of Antoninus Pius
Obverse - AVRELIVS CAES AVG PIIF, (?) bare headed bust right.
Reverse - CONSECRATIO, woman figure holding patera over altar, corn stalk to the right
21 mm diam. 6.3 g
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
41-Maximinus Germ-AVG Mule.jpg
Maximinus Germ-AVG Mule53 viewsAR Denarius , Rome Mint , 235-238AD
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate , draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing right with wreath and palm.
3.0gm. , 22mm
RIC 22. Scarce
2 commentsjdholds
Maximinus Collection-sm.JPG
Maximinus Thrax Victory Denarius Collection119 viewsI have now completed my Collection of Max Thrax Victory Denarius. In honor of today receiving the Rare Mule to complete the series I have re-photographed the entire collection.2 commentsjdholds
Sicily_Messana_SNG-ANS4_367-378_gf.jpg
Messana8 viewsSicily, Messana. 412-408 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.8 gm). Biga of mules driven l. by nymph Messana, Nike overhead with wreath & taenia. Ex: two dolphins meeting. / Hare bounding l., grain ear below, dove above. Ex: ΜΕΣΣΑΝΙΩΝ. VF. Pegasi 127 #53. ex-William N. Rudman Coll., Triton V #1193 (this coin). SNG ANS 4 #367/378. Same dies: SNG Cop 1 #405; Caltabiano series XV 623 (D223/R249); Nantueil 303; Triton XX #62. Same obv. die: HGC 3 #801; ACNAC Davis 40; Kraay-Hirmer pl. 19 #61; Pozzi 492; Rizzo pl. XXVII, 7; SNG Fitzwilliam 1081; SNG Lockett 831. SNG Munchen 660; NAC 33 #78 & 52 #45. cf. Boeringer SNR 57 p. 136f. 1 commentsAnaximander
Sicily_Messana_SNG-ANS4_318_gf.jpg
Messana8 viewsSicily, Messana. Tyranny of Anaxilas. 480-462/1 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.07 gm). Biga of mules r. with seated charioteer; laurel leaf in ex. / Hare bounding r. MESSENION (SS not retrograde). gVF. Pegasi V #63. SNG ANS 4 #318 (same rev. die); Caltabiano 1993 Series IIb #77 (D41/R40); ACNAC Dewing #640 (same dies); Randazzo 105-106 (same dies); HGC 2 #779. cf. SNG Cop 1 #389-390 (SS not retrograde); Same dies: CNG EA 301 #3; CBG.fr M43 #385760; Roma Num. E2 #33. 1 commentsAnaximander
Sicily_Messana_SNG-ANS4_314_gf.jpg
Messana7 viewsSicily, Messana. 480-462/1 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.14 gm). Biga of mules r. with seated charioteer; laurel leaf in ex. / Hare bounding r., pellet below. ΜΕSSΕ-N-ΙΩN (both sigmas and nus retrograde). VF. Pegasi V #63. SNG ANS 4 #314; Caltabiano 1993 Series IIb 52 similar to (D28/R22 or R38); Dewing 641 (same obv. die)/636. HGC 3 #779 (same obv. die). SNG Fitzwilliam 1067. Cf SNG Cop 1 #390 (no pellet); Bement 405 (SS not retrograde); Randazzo 105-106 (same). 1 commentsAnaximander
MessanaSicily.JPG
Messana, Sicily c. 470-466 B.C. AR Tetradrachm30 viewsMessana, Sicily c. 470-466 B.C. AR Tetradrachm (17.07 gm).
Obv: Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving slow biga of mules right; in exergue, leaf.
Rev: Hare springing right.
Ref: Cf. Caltabiano 167A (dies D94/R95A, but obv. die not certain) = Randazzo 128. SNG ANS 315.
Good fine.
1 commentsmjabrial
ABM070.jpg
MINT 7 (ABM070)20 viewsAn example of my so-called 'Mint VII', characterised by the accurate replication of Trier's first issue coins from the first workshop. This coin is a mule, pairing a Constantinopolis obverse with a wolf and twins reverse.adrianus
Lucilla_Faustina_Mule~0.jpg
Mule (Lucilla obverse, Faustina Jr. reverse) - As - not in RIC16 viewsObv: LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust r.
Rev: LAETITIA S C, Laetitia standing r., holding scepter and wreath.
Size: 26 mm
Weight: 10,01 g
Mint: Rome
Ref: RIC: -, Cohen: -, possible mule sources: obverse e.g. RIC 1770 (Marcus Aurelius - Lucilla), reverse: RIC 1657 (Marcus Aurelius - Faustina Jr.)
Provenance: Roma Numismatics sale, Sep, 2010
Windwinds reference (this coin): http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/lucilla/RIC_1770cf.txt
Note by Johny SYSEL: "It could be mule combining Lucilla obverse with Faustna II reverse. But definitely there is Laetitia on reverse not Venus."
Note by Curtis Clay: "I think Johny S is right: a mule with a LAETITIA reverse die meant for Faustina II. Rome mint mules are rare. This one might help to establish the chronology of Lucilla's and Faustina's respective coinages."
vs1969
mule.jpg
Mule Gallienus/Salonina19 viewsicos
nervse02a.jpg
Mules get vacation233 viewsNerva. 96-98 AD. Sestertius (24.7g, 32-33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 97 AD.
Obv.: IMP NERVA CAES AVG - PM TR P COS III P P, laureate head right,
Rev.: VEHICVLATIONE ITALIAE REMISSA, two mules grazing back to back, cart behind with shaft pointing upwards.
RIC 93; Cohen 143.

One of the measures which Nerva took to reduce the burden of the citizens was the assumption by the government of the costs of imperial post, formerly assumed by the municipalities.
2 commentsCharles S
NeroStatiliaMessalinaGalbaI.jpg
Nero and Statilia Messalina Galba countermark94 viewsNero & Statilia Messalina, Ć27 as, Galba ctmk., 10.54g Nicaea, Bythinia,
O: NERWN K[LAU]DIOS KAISAR SEBASTOS GE, laureate head left, rectangular countermark GALB[A].
R: ME[SSALEIN]A [GYNE SEBASTOY] Statilia Messalina as Securitas seated right.
Unique mule - Obverse die RPC 2057, Reverse die RPC 2061; Listed in Wildwinds as RPC 2061cf, countermark Howgego 591

Statilia Messalina was the third and last wife of Nero, empress from 66-68. Her great beauty and intelligence kept her alive during some of the most turbulent years of the early empire.

After several failed attempts to strangle his first wife, Claudia Octavia, to death, Nero divorced her for barrenness and she was forced into suicide. Nero kicked his second wife, Poppaea Sabina who was pregnant at the time, to death. Going into a deep depression (Women, can't live with them, can't live without them!) he found comfort in his new bride, Statilia Messalina. All it took was the forced suicide of her husband and Nero was able to have her all to himself.

She must have been a most clever woman as she survived the revolution and civil war that followed, even being betrothed to Otho before he too met an untimely end. Suetonius reports that of the two letters Otho wrote the night before he committed suicide, one of them was to Statilia.
1 commentsNemonater
nervse02a~0.jpg
Nerva, RIC 93, sestertius of AD 97 (Vehiculatione Italiae remissa)70 viewsNerva. 96-98 AD. Sestertius (24.7g, 32-33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 97 AD.
Obv.: IMP NERVA CAES AVG - PM TR P COS III P P, laureate head right,
Rev.: VEHICVLATIONE ITALIAE REMISSA, two mules grazing back to back, cart behind with shaft pointing upwards.
RIC 93; Cohen 143; BMCRE 119; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-1) 44 (14 spec.).

One of the measures which Nerva took to reduce the burden of the citizens was the assumption by the government of the costs of imperial post, formerly assumed by the municipalities.
Charles S
nervse02-2.jpg
Nerva, RIC 93, sestertius of AD 97 (Vehiculatione Italiae remissa)21 viewsNerva. 96-98 AD. Sestertius (24.7g, 32-33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck 97 AD.
Obv.: IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TR P COS III P P, laureate head right,
Rev.: VEHICVLATIONE ITALIAE REMISSA around, S C in ex., two mules grazing back to back, cart behind with shaft pointing upwards.
RIC 93; Cohen 143; BMC 119; Banti 44 (14 spec.).

One of the measures which Nerva took to reduce the burden of the citizens was the assumption by the government of the costs of imperial post, formerly assumed by the municipalities. See also the NumisWiki article on this subject.
Charles S
IMGP3449Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC12 viewsAR dr., 4,15gr, 19,2mm; Sellwood 48 type, Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad 4-layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, pointed beard in 3 rows of curls; wart on forehead, multi-turn torque w/ sea-horse finial; cuirass or tunic; star in left, crescent and star in right upper field; dotted border 10:30 to 13:30h;

rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; no anchor; 7-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN APΣAKo(Y), the 2 bottom lines are garbled, (EΠIΦ)ANoC (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHNO(Σ);
this appears to be a mule issue with an S.48 obverse and an early S.47 reverse; what is more likely is that it is a forgery.

ex: H. Hass, Germany.
Schatz
IMGP3447Orod2combo+.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC27 viewsAR dr., 4,11gr, 19,8mm; Sellwood 48 type, Shore 264, Sunrise -;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, medium-long beard in 3 rows of curls; fierce portrait; multi-turn torque w/single pellet finial; cuirass or tunic; star in left, crescent and star in right upper field; dotted border 9 to 14h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one hand and monogram below; no anchor; 7-line legend: IAΣIΛEΩΣ (BA)ΣIΛEΩH APΣAKo(Y), the 2 bottom lines are garbled, inner left line garbled (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHNO(Σ);
this appears to be a mule issue with an S.48 obverse and an early S.47 reverse; but cf. previous coin: there is a strong possibility of this being a forgery.


1 commentsSchatz
fake1.jpg
Otho-Vespasian mule28 viewsThis coin I failed to obtain, but I suspect it may be an authentic Ancient counterfeit combining a Second/Third period Otho obverse with a Vespasian reverse. Said to have been found in UK by a detectorist. Very interesting. UPDATE: another coin combining a similar type of obverse and Domitian as Caesar reverse was sold on ebay recently. It is definitely more suspicious and I regard it as a modern forgery. This coin may be of same stock as well.jmuona
dupondius_hybride.jpg
P M TR P III COS P P mule 28 viewsobv: IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG laurate, draped and cuirassed bust of gordian right seen from behind
rev: P M TR P III COS P P S C Gordian veiled sacrificing left over an altar

RIC---
C ---

extremely rare mule, only the second specimen known (other is in Vienna museum) Obverse of middle 3rd issue (1st half of year 239) reverse of late 3rd issue (end of year 239) this obverse mus have P M TR P II COS P P as reverse and this reverse mus have IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG as obverse.

the 2 others type are known

IMP CAES GORDIANVS PIVS AVG / P M TR P II COS P P 1 specimen at the ANS
IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / P M TR P III COS P P 3 specimens known (1 in Vienna and 2 in Berlin)
leseullunique
Vologases_VI_FORVM.jpg
Parthia - Artabanus V (216-224 AD) Reverse/Vologases VI (208-228 AD) Obverse - MULE62 viewsMetal/Size: AR20; Weight: 3.5 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Ecbatana; Date: 208-228 AD; Obverse: King facing left with long pointed beard and wearing helmet with earflap with designs on front left of helmet and earflap and sporting a row of "pellets on stalks" according to Sellwood. Wears diadem with two strands and torque around neck. Beaded border surrounds portrait allowing space for beard to poke through. Reverse: Seated archer (Arsaces)on throne holding bow, right. X with line connecting top of each line - unusual for this type and likely represents a mule (Vologases VI on obverse and Artabanus V on reverse). Legend surrounds in blundered Greek. References: Sellwood #88.18/Sellwood #89.3.2 commentsmuseumguy
004FPhilipII.jpg
Philip II, Provincial / Imperial Mule18 viewsProvincial / Imperial Mule
Roman Imperial - The Crisis

Philip II

Unofficial Bizya, Thrace mint? ~ 240s AD.
Fair. Perhaps a fourree. Definitely a mule.
22.0 mm / 3.548 g / 0°

Obverse: "M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC [KAICAP?]", Bare-headed right.
Reverse: "PROV [IDENTIA?]". Providentia standing left, holding cornucopiae and wand with globe at feet.

Obverse is Moushmov 3819A, Reverse is imperial PROVIDENTIA type.

Found in unclean lot in 2015. Truly a weird coin.

MyID: 004F
TenthGen
IMGP3294Phr4tdrcombo.jpg
Phraates IV., 38 - 2 BC16 viewsAR tdr., 14,59gr, 30,9mm; Sellwood 52type, Shore 274var.(rev.), Sunrise 391var. (rev.);
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/ 4-layer broad diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, medium-long beard squared at the end; wart on side of forehead; multi-turn torque; cuirass w/ star on chest; dotted border almost complete;
rev.: king, right, on throne, facing goddess (w/halo?) offering diadem in outstretched right hand while holding cornucopia in left arm; 7-line legend: BACIΛ(EΩC) BACIΛEΩ(N) APCAKO(V) EVEIΓEToV ΔIKAIOV (the bottom line to be read rom the inside), EΠIΦΛNoYC (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNo(C); exergual line; below bottom line in exergue illegible date;

Mule w/52 obv. and 51 rev.?

ex: Davies Mews, London, UK.
Schatz
Constitution_HT_25.JPG
Political/Satirical: The Constitution14 viewsObv: A PLAIN SYSTEM ‘VOID OF POMP,' President Andrew Jackson holding bags of coins, and brandishing a sword.

Rev: THE CONSTITUTION AS I UNDERSTAND IT • ROMAN FIRMNESS • 1834, a mule standing to right LL.D on its side.

Note: The depiction of the mule on the reverse with LL.D (Legum Doctor) inscribed on its side, was a jab at the honorary doctoral degree given to Andrew Jackson by Harvard University in 1833. It was met with great disapproval of Harvard alumnus John Quincy Adams, who called Jackson "a barbarian who could not write a sentence of grammar and hardly could spell his own name."

Date: 1834

HT 25

Matt Inglima
16mm,379g.png
possible amulet 22 views16mm

3.79g
lead/cross with pellets on each arm and in center
wileyc
1303~0.jpg
PROBUS RIC 512 (MULE OF 9TH AND 10 TH EMMISSION) 5 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG CONS IIII
REVERSE: MARTI PACIF
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in consular robe, holding scipio
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: I/*//QXXI
WEIGHT 3.52g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH: 21-24 mm
RIC: 512
COLLECTION NO. 1303

Very rare and desirable consular obverse legend!

THIS COIN IS PART OF THE CODED EQVITI SERIES (see first letter "I" in left field).

This coin is an interesting mule between 9th emmission (consul IIII in obverse legend instead of consvl V) and 10 th emmission (with star in field)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

THE ONLY SPECIMEN OF THIS EXACT (HYBRIDUAL) TYPE KNOWN TO ME. POSSIBLY UNIQUE !!!
Barnaba6
Petrie-182e.jpg
Qebehsenuef: Late Period (ca. 664-332 BCE) Blue-Green Faience Amulet (Petrie, Amulets pl. XXXII, 182e)15 viewsFrom the Carl Devries Collection
Quant.Geek
RIC_92_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0092 Domitianus33 viewsObv: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right
AE/As (mule, 26.37 mm 10.921 g 1h) Struck in Rome 81 A.D.
RIC 92 (R2), BMCRE-BNF unlisted
ex Bertolami E-Live Auction 59 Lot 631
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
TitusPontif.jpg
RIC 0554 Titus101 viewsT CAES IMP VESP CENS
Laureate bust right

PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

Rome, 73 AD

RIC 554 (R) A mule with reverse type of Vespasian

3.03g

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya
7 commentsJay GT4
RIC_686M_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0686M Domitianus27 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIIII, Laureate head right
Rev: IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing right on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to right, owl
AR/Denarius (18.59 mm 3.228 g 6h) Struck in Rome 89 A.D. (?)
RIC-RSC-BMCRE-BNF unlisted apparently a mule between an obverse of 89 (TRP VIIII) and a reverse of 88-89 (IMP XIX), possibly engraver's error.
ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 66 Lot 472
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_V_763_Titus.jpg
RIC 0763 Titus37 viewsObv : T CAESAR IMP PONT, Laureate head right
Rev : PON MAX TR POT P P COS V CENS, Winged caduceus between crossed cornucopiae
AE/Dupondius (27.10 mm 11.29 g 6h) Struck in Rome (for circulation in Syria) 74 A D
RIC 763 (R2), BMCRE unlisted, RPC 1994
Mule between Titus obverse and Vespasian reverse (RIC 756-757)
1 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Vespasian_RIC_1473.png
RIC 1473115 viewsVespasian (69-79). AR Denarius
(18.5mm, 2.77g, 6h).
Ephesus? , c. AD 76.
Obv: Laureate head r.
Rev: Pegasus stepping r.
RIC II 1473; RSC 114a; RPC II 1451.
Rare, Good Fine
St Paul Antiquities Auction 18 Lot 347 October 13, 2018


I knew when I saw this coin that I wanted it. I already have the Domitian with the Pegasus reverse. When I saw this Vespasian with a Pegasus reverse I wondered why this reverse would be on a coin of Vespasian. It appears as if this coin is a mule. The obverse portrait is muled with the Domitian Pegasus reverse.

The mysterious 'O' mint is one mint where this practice is known. There is an 'O' on these coins but little else is known about this mint. In RIC II Part one, the authors tentatively assign this group of denarii to Ephesus. The truth is the location of the 'O' mint is unknown.

This coin is another example of where the obverse is not the most attractive side of the coin. Imho the reverse is not only more interesting but features a very well rendered depiction of Pegasus. The engraving is truly artistic.

This leads me to another aspect of these coins-the legends are often blundered for this mint. Why the celators would take so much care with the devices and not as much with the legends is another 'O' mint mystery.

Mysterious or not, I was immediately attracted to this coin. I feel very lucky to have landed it because it is one of only a handful of examples I have seen or know about.
8 commentsorfew
Fake_-_RIC_184_var.JPG
RIC 184 mule24 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae; with altar on l.
3.25g, 17mm

Sold on eBay (Belgium), 21 December 2013, for GBP35,49
klausklage
Fake_-_RIC_184_var_2.JPG
RIC 184 mule (2)22 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae; with altar on l.

17mm, 2,3g

Cast fake. Sold on eBay (Belgium) 12 May 2014, for 14 GBP.

klausklage
Fake_-_RIC_347_mule.jpg
RIC 347 mule26 viewsDenarius, 114-117
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Rev: P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R
Genius standing l., holding patera and ears of corn.

Sold by notorious fake seller mangizite-2008, eBay, May 26, 2013, for € 12.50.
klausklage
Trajan_Mule_Abundantia.jpg
RIC 385 Mule17 viewsObv.: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Rad. r.
Rev.: TR POT COS II P P - SC
Abundantia seated l. on chair formed of two cornuacopiae, holding sceptre.

See RIC 385 for reverse.

27mm, 11.62g

modern style
klausklage
Fake_-_RIC_58_mule.jpg
RIC 58 mule27 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC (belongs to the COS VI period)
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: P M TR P COS IIII P P (RIC 58)
Victory standing to front, head turned l., half-draped, holding wreath and palm.

2.6 g, 17mm

Sold on eBay, Oct. 23, 2011, for €14.05 by notorious fake seller machthappy.
Sold on eBay, Nov 13, 2011, for €14,50 by romangreekcoins.

klausklage
Fake_-_RIC_58_mule-2.jpg
RIC 58 mule21 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: P M TR P COS IIII P P
Victory standing to front, head turned l., half-draped, holding wreath and palm.

3.0g

Sold by notorious fake seller mavigodi, eBay, May 6, 2013, for $47.46.
klausklage
Fake_-_RIC_58_mule-3.jpg
RIC 58 mule32 viewsDenarius, 100-102
Obv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: P M TR P COS IIII P P
Victory standing to front, head turned l., half-draped, holding wreath and palm.

Offered on eBay (Spain), 8 January 2014, for €150 (unsold).
klausklage
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-_-Rev~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)191 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen orriginally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv.Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
3 commentsPetitioncrown
Agrippina-Ses-Ob-&-Rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Agrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)1785 viewsAgrippina the Elder (ca. 14 B.C.-33 A.D)
Sestertius
Daughter of Julia and Marcus Agrippa, wife of Germanicus and mother of Emperor Caligula. The most beautiful woman of all Caesars in the most incredible condition. The finest known specimen orriginally from the Morreti Collection.
Obv. Posthumous portrait ordered by Caligula to commemorate his mother who had tragically died in exile. Rev.The carpentum drawn by two mules, the vehicle reserved for the use of the women of the imperial family in the city.
Cohen 1 ; RIC 42
25 commentsPetitioncrown
coin02a.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, AUGUSTUS - Copper as - Moneyers' series - M Salvius Otho - Rome 7BC30 viewsObv: "CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT" bare hd. of Augustus l.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR AAA FF" around large SC.
III VIR AAA FF - III viri aere argento auro flando feiundo - 3 men, for the casting and striking of copper, silver, and gold.
11.35g - 28mm - s.1685v - RIC 431.
Comment
Sear, both lists and illustrates this coin as head right. Is it a mule, or a limitation of Sear?
jerseyjohnjames
barb.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Barbarous mule119 viewsThe details are indistinct. The obverse legend says " D N C. . .TIANTIS P F AVG", while the reverse is a Gloria Romanum type usually found in the era of Valentinian--emperor advancing right, dragging captive by the hair & holding labarum. TES in exergue. Crude. Dacian counterfeit?Libanus93
bpJ1H7CaligulaMule.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caligula, As, Provincial Mule37 viewsObv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Bare head, left.
Rev: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Large S C within legend.
As 10 gm 26 mm
Comment: Crude lettering indicates provincial origin. Combines an obverse of Caligula with a reverse intended for his issue honoring Germanicus.
Massanutten
bpC1C1TwoSoldiers.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, Two Soldiers70 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: GLORIA EXERCITVS
Two soldiers standing to either side of single standard.
1.7 gm 14 mm Mark: CONSZ
RIC VII Constantinople, 143 R3.
Comment: Official mule produced to meet coin shortage.
Massanutten
bpC1D1Votive.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CITY COMMEMORATIVE, URBS ROMA, VOTIVE44 viewsObv: VRBS ROMA
Helmeted and cuirassed bust, left.
Rev: VOT/XX/MVLT/XXX
Inscription in four lines within wreath.
1.3 gm 14.5 mm Mark: (obliterated)
Sear 3897
Comment: Official mule produced to meet coin shortage.
Massanutten
vrbs.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, City Commemorative, VRBS ROMA/CONSTANTINOPOLIS mule18 viewsNumis-Student
24842q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D., Mule with Constantius II Reverse, Gold solidus24 viewsSH24842. Gold solidus, Depeyrot p. 215, 6/5 (2 spec);obverse RIC VIII 74 / reverse Constantius II RIC VIII 71, Choice EF, full circle centering, weight 4.238 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 340 - 350 A.D.; obverse CONSTANS AVGVSTVS, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, all within wreath; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG (victories of our two lord emperors), two victories facing one another, holding wreath inscribed VOT XX MVLT XXX, TES in exergue, all in wreath; ex Harlan Berk; very rareJoe Sermarini
elag145.jpg
Roman Empire, Elagabalus, denarius, 'mule'/error340 viewsElagabalus --AR Denarius. R: VENUS GENETRIX, Libertas seated left. Unusual type with reverse legend for Paula (Venus) but Libertas seated. NISC.1 commentsfeatherz
ELAGABUS_FV[1][1].jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, ELAGABALUS, Victory Denarius 16 May 218 - March 222 C.E. -Limes Denarius Mule with reverse of Alexander Severus 89 viewsReverse / PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providence standing left, holding baton above globe at foot & cornucopia. (Alexander Severus)
Obverse / IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
NORMAN K
Gallienus-Cereri.jpg.jpg
Roman Empire, GALLIENUS - CERERI AVG137 viewsThis Reverse Type exists for Salonina but not for Gallienus, So a mule is born.1 commentsblack-prophet
gall_vesta.jpg
Roman Empire, Gallienus VESTA mule, Rome.100 viewsGALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right
VESTA, Vesta seated left with sceptre and patera
Pairing an obverse of Gallienus with a reverse appropriate to his wife Salonina. Unknown in either the Normanby hoard or Gobl's corpus. Hence of great rarity although a mule that is to be expected
Adrianus
Unidentified_Geta_Limes_Denarius_or_Mule_Reverse.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Geta Silver/Billon Limes Denarius. IVNO Mule Reverse? 3.4 grams, 20mm max diameter124 viewsAt first glance this looks like an ordinary Gert AR/Silver Denarius or a Billon Limes. 3.4 grams, 20mm maximum diameter
However, the reverse is of the IVNO Juno with peacock image. In the sources I've examined such an issue was not officially struck.
Curtis
image~3.jpg
Roman Empire, Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia152 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -; Strack-

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS CONCORD in exergue.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr

Note.
Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17 or Strack 13
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33 or Strack 18
4 commentsokidoki
419Hadrian_RIC--~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Concordia123 viewsReference.
RIC --; Mule obverse of Hadrian, reverse of Sabina

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP.
Laureate head right.

Rev. CONCOR DIA AVG
Concordia, draped, seated left, holding patera in extended right hand and vertical sceptre in left; cornucopiae under seat.

3.41 gr
17 mm
1 commentsokidoki
380Hadrian_Strack_p__219,_41.jpg
Roman Empire, Hadrian, Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.78 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr

Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
okidoki
coins1 215.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Maesa FELICITAS AVG46 viewsjulia maesa, grandmother of elagabalus and severus alexander,c. 170-223 A.D.
OBV: IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right.
REV: FELICITAS AVG, felicitas standing left, holding patera over lighted altar and caduceus.

possible ancient "mule", or counterfeit.
ancientcoins
coins1 110.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Julia Mamaea FELICITAS PVBLICA38 viewsjulia mamaea, mother of severus alexander, 222-235 A.D., minted in rome.
OBV: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right.
REV: FELICITAS PVBLICA, felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.

possible "mule" or counterfeit.
ancientcoins
1226mab1~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Marcus Aurelius - Ancient Barbaric Imitation 132 viewsUnpublished mule or ancient barbaric imitation of Marcus Aurelius with reverse of Antoninus Pius
Obverse - AVRELIVS CAES AVG PIIF, (?) bare headed bust right.
Reverse - CONSECRATIO, woman figure holding patera over altar, corn stalk to the right
21 mm diam. 6.3 g
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
CJSII-0151h.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus, Coded Mule: obv Maximian & rev Diocletian530 viewsobv legend: IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG rev legend: CONSERVATOR AVGG
obv RIC # RIC V pII 580 / rev RIC # RIC VpII 263var
exergue: X X I gamma dot B I dot
from the collection of cscoppa for more information see the article in the reference section about: "The Siscia MULE"
cscoppa
Lucilla_Faustina_Mule.jpg
Roman Empire, Mule (Lucilla obverse, Faustina Jr. reverse) - As - not in RIC75 viewsObv: LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust r.
Rev: LAETITIA S C, Laetitia standing r., holding scepter and wreath.
Size: 26 mm
Weight: 10,01 g
Mint: Rome
Ref: RIC: -, Cohen: -, possible mule sources: obverse e.g. RIC 1770 (Marcus Aurelius - Lucilla), reverse: RIC 1657 (Marcus Aurelius - Faustina Jr.)
Provenance: Roma Numismatics, Sep. 2010
Wildwinds reference (this coin): http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/lucilla/RIC_1770cf.txt

Wildwinds citation (from the text accompanying Roma numismatics sale):
"Lucilla, AE As. 9.97g; 26mm. 164-166 AD. Obv: LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right. Rev: unclear legend, Venus standing right, holding apple and sceptre, S-C across fields. cf. RIC 1770; Cohen 80. This is the only Lucilla coin in RIC which has a deity standing right holding a sceptre (there is a Diana holding a torch with both hands). The legend seems to contain ..IT or AT.. and ends in A, but there are no coins in RIC which have such a legend. This coin is almost identical to one sold by Noble Coins Australia with the same description, though that one was a dupondius)"

Note by Johny SYSEL: "It could be mule combining Lucilla obverse with Faustna II reverse. But definitely there is Laetitia on reverse not Venus."

Note by Curtis Clay: "I think Johny S is right: a mule with a LAETITIA reverse die meant for Faustina II. Rome mint mules are rare. This one might help to establish the chronology of Lucilla's and Faustina's respective coinages."
vs1969
sep_severus_mule.jpg
Roman Empire, Septimius severus dupondius194 views Septimius Severus Dupondius, Fortuna reverse, unlisted in RIC (hybrid issue)
211 AD, Rome.

Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, radiate head right.
Rev: FORT RED P M TR P XIX COS III P P / S C, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopiae; wheel under seat.

24-25 mm, 12.42 g
Probably a mule of an old obverse die without BRIT and a 211 reverse die.

3 commentsMrCardon
095~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Valentinian I AE3 Mule88 viewsRIC IX 26a var. Thessalonica (Unlisted)
1.95 g, 18 mm
D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor in military dress advancing right, holding
labarum & dragging captive behind him, left field: Z, right field: star
over Gamma, mintmark TES
Note from Dane (Helvetica) @ Wildwinds:
"A rare mule with a Valentinian I obverse and Gratian reverse,
this is the second one I know of."
Mark Z
normal_Vespdu06-scan~0.jpg
Roman Empire, VESPASIAN, AE Dupondius.127 viewsĆ Dupondius (13.2g, Ř22mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 74.
Obv.: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left
Rev.: TR·POT·COS III·CENSOR, winged caduceus between two crossed cornucopiae
obv.: RIC 759 x rev.:RIC 761/2 (near RIC 760 (R2))
ex G.Henzen

This is an unlisted mule with the obverse corresponding to RIC 759 (Vespasian) and reverse corresponding to RIC 761-762 (Titus). RIC 760 is also a mule using the same Titus reverse, but with obverse legend VESPASIAN (RIC 757), not VESPASIANVS like this one. Belongs to issues associated with bronzes of smaller denominations minted for Syria.
1 commentsCharles S
2nd_Century_Roman_Glass.jpg
Roman Glass Amulet56 viewsDate: Circa 2nd-3rd century AD
Size: 16 mm

This tear drop shaped glass amulet has a lovely blue color. "It is even sweeter since I gave it to my wife on this nice silver chain!"
3 commentsNoah
89477_l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, "Mule" Titia/Pansa AE As36 viewsRome, The Republic
Q. Titius, 90 BCE
AE As (10.78g; 27mm)

Obv: Head of Janus w/rounded beard (Pansa obv die).

Rev: Prow r; palm-branch behind prow; Q●TITI above (Titius rev die)

Reference: Crawford 341/4d; Hannover 2942 (dies); c.f. Hannover 2974 (Pansa)(obv die)

Provenance: Savoca 12 (22 Jan 2017) Lot 457

Hybrid mule of rare Q. Titius reverse with a "rounded-beard" Janus obverse of Pansa. See Hannover 2974 (Pansa) for only other known example bearing this reverse control mark.

Circa 90 B.C., during the time of the Social War, Q. Titius and C. Vibius C.F. Pansa were co-moneyers at Rome. The Social War was a civil war between Rome and her Italian allies who had broken-away in a demand for citizenship rights. It was a time of massive coinage output by the Rome mints, likely to pay the costs associated with the conflict. Not much is known of TItius or Pansa. TItius is the only member of the TItia gens for whom coins are known. Pansa was possibly the father of the later Pansa who struck coins in 49 BC and became consul in 43BC.

Some of TItius’ silver coin types feature a male head with long, pointed beard. There is speculation that the head represents Mutinus Titinus, another name of the minor god Priapus, and a naming pun for Titius. His AE asses overwhelmingly depict a Janiform head with atypical, long. pointy beard, resembling the head shown on his silver coins.

On the other hand, obverses of Pansa’s AE asses overwhelmingly depict Janus with a more traditional, curled beard. The fact that the obverse styles of Pansa’s and TItius’ contemporaneous asses are so different supports the argument that the pointy-bearded character on TItius’ coins represents someone other than Janus.

The fact that Titius and Pansa served as moneyers at the same time is evidenced by occasional mules of Titius’ pointy-bearded obverses with Pansa reverses and vice versa.

An online search of acsearch, Coin Archives and Coins of the Roman Republic Online yielded only four auction sales and one ANS example of this rare reverse, and all of them were paired with a pointy-bearded obverse. However, the Kestner Museum Hannover has a similar mule that may be a double die match to my coin (see Berger, Hannover 2942). Further, the Kestner Museum has a Pansa AE As in their collection with an apparent obverse die match to my mule (see Berger, Hannover 2974).

Are these Titius/Pansa mules indicative of particular administrative practices at the mint?

One possibility is that obverse dies, which contained no legends, were mixed freely among the two moneyers; however, the overwhelming conformity of pointy-bearded TItius asses and curled-beard Pansa asses refutes this suggestion. The mules are too scarce to suggest any freewheeling intent.

Second possibility is that all dies, TItius’ and Pansa’s, were controlled by a central mint repository which assigned the dies to teams at the commencement of work shifts and likely collected them for security at the end of work shifts. Care was certainly taken to pair pointy-bearded Janus obverses with TItius reverses, as evidenced by the super-majority of extant coins. Mistakes were inevitably made. How long it took the mint to correct such mistakes is unclear. The fact that my collection and the Kestner Museum share a mule from the same dies suggests that a good number of coins were made by those dies. The fact that Kestner Museum also has the same Pansa obverse die paired with a correct Pansa reverse proves that die combination was a likely mistake; whether the correct pairing was made at a previous work shift, at a subsequent work shift when dies were reassigned, or in the middle of the same work shift cannot be determined – the coins are not in such great condition that die states can be easily compared.

Third, the mules suggest that TItius’ and Pansa’s coins were struck at the same mint and perhaps in the same workshop by different striking teams. I don’t think it’s possible to extrapolate whether the dies were controlled on a workshop basis vs. a full mint basis.
Carausius
vrbsvot.jpg
Rome City Commemorative, 347-34825 viewsAE4, 13mm, 1.8g, Heraclea mint: 347-348
Obv.: VRBS ROMA; Helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left, with sceptre over right shoulder.
Rev.: VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX, all within wreath // SMH?
Reference: RIC VIII, Heraclea 56
Notes: A decent example of this scarce mule. Could be Nicomedia mint?
John Anthony
692.jpg
rsc---217 viewsElagabalus
AE Limes Denarius hybrid

Obv: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: PROVID DEORVM, Providence standing left, holding baton above globe at foot & cornucopia.
19 mm, 2.60 gms

RSC--- (The reverse is that of RIC 130 but with a different obverse legend. Since this is a limes denarius, presumably the coin is a hybrid of the obverse die of one coin with the reverse die of another. There is a Severus Alexander with this reverse also. There is a discussion of this coin on the FORVM Discussion board: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=88040.0 )
Charles M
r-q-1.jpg
S.812 Anglo-Saxon sceat27 viewsSecondary phase Anglo-Saxon sceat
Series Q/R mule
Type 73
S.812
Abramson 12-70
O: Degenerated bust right, MR (runic) retrograde
R: Quadruped right, forked tail

Ex- CNG, Sotheby's April 22-23 1999 (lot ), L.R. Stack
1 commentsNap
series-k-r-1.jpg
S.830 Anglo-Saxon sceat12 viewsEclectic Anglo-Saxon sceat
Series K/R mule
S.830
Abramson 42-10
O: Coiled serpent
R: Standard

Ex- K Chapman, S Elden
Nap
series-r-51-1.jpg
S.833 Anglo-Saxon sceat10 viewsEclectic Anglo-Saxon sceat
Series R/saltire mule
S.833
Abramson 13-55
O: Bust right with runic letters
R: Saltire standard with surrounding crosses

Ex- K Chapman, Dr. JDR, P Finn
Nap
aethelred-i-aethelred-1.jpg
S.856 Ćthelred I (Ćthelred)28 viewsSceat of Ćthelred I, king of Northumbria, second reign 789-796
Moneyer: unknown (or Ćthelred, or Eotberht)
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 856
Phase Ia
O: +AEDILRED R
R: +AEDILRED

An unusual "double obverse" coin of Aethelred I. Several of these exist and they have similar die pairs. They could represent a mule of two obverses, or Aethelred could be a moneyer who is fairly poorly represented. The other possibility is another moneyer by the name of Eotberht, who is known from a single unique coin in the Lyon collection, but whose obverse, while not a die match to this coin, is very similar.

Ex- CNG
Nap
herred-1.jpg
S.872 Herreth (Herreth)22 viewsIrregular styca in the name of "Herreth"
Most likely struck during the time of King Eanred
Moneyer: Herreth
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 872
O: X HERREĐ
R: X HERREĐ

A double reverse Northumbrian styca of King Eanred's moneyer Herreth

Northumbrian stycas are well known for being crude and, especially in later years, having nonsensical legends. In fact, Spink/Seaby #S.872 is given to all of those coins fitting into the "irregular series."

But this is not a 'typical' blundered styca. In fact it is a mule and presumable deliberately produced "double reverse" coin, depicting the moneyer on both sides, of good style, and from an earlier period than the later civil wartime irregular stycas. This is suggested given that there were finds of this issue at Hexham, which was stashed during the reign of Redwulf or slightly thereafter, and does not include stycas from the later blundered period.

Double reverse coins are not common in the styca series. There are five pairings described:
1) Double reverse of Herreth
2) Double reverse of Aethelweard
3) Double reverse of Eadwine
4) Mule of Herreth/Alfheard
5) Mule of Herreth/Daegberct

Despite the crudeness of Northumbrian coinage, these are really the only major double-reverse mules known for the series, besides later heavily blundered types.

The manufacture of coins was presumably a structured process, given the many thousands of coins produced. The lower die is presumed to have been mounted on some solid piece of wood or anvil, thought to perhaps be via a spike that could be driven into the wood, holding it fast in place. The obverse die would be held with one hand, the hammer with the other. It's not known for sure if this is how manufacture took place, but it is a reasonable assumption that both dies would not be loose and subject to considerable movement during striking.

So for a double-reverse pairing to take place, a reverse die would have been mistakenly manufactured as an obverse die (without the spike), then paired with a normal reverse for striking. This makes some sense, as double obverse pairings are exceedingly uncommon in the styca series, and quite rare overall in medieval and ancient coins. Or this could have been a deliberate act of manufacture by a moneyer who believed the king held no authority over him. Certainly the true meaning will never be known.

There are several coins with the double reverse of Herreth known. They share the reverse with the 1st (left) one of my coin (the side with the D distant from the X). This reverse is also used to strike coins in the name of Eanred. The other known Herreth coins (such as EMC 1997.8609) have a different 2nd reverse, which is known to be paired with an obverse die of Eanred. So both dies were certainly used as reverse dies for regular Eanred coins (something that was unclear when Metcalf and Northover were writing about these coins in 1987).

The 2nd reverse on this coin is different than the other coins described. I haven't seen this die previously used on coins, but presumably it was also made as a reverse for Eanred's coins.

For further discussion of this issue, see "Herreth" in "Coinage in Ninth-Century Northumbria" by D.M. Metcalf, 1987

Ex- eBay
Nap
Album-1465_1465A_Mule.jpg
Samanid: Mansur I (961-976 CE) AR Multiple Dirham Mule, NM, ND (Album-1465/Album-1465A)21 viewsA mule struck with two reverse diesQuant.Geek
QIANLONG_mule.JPG
Schjöth ----, Hartill (QC) ----, Hartill (CCC) ----, KM ---198 viewsQianlong (1736-1795)

1 cash (cast brass), Board of Revenue/Board of Works mints (both in Beijing) mule, 22 mm.

Obv: Qianlong tongbao.

Rev: Boo yuwan.

Note: The obverse is of Type G1/Hartill (QC) 5.106 promulgated by the eastern branch of the Board of Revenue mint between approximately 1782 and 1795. The reverse is of Type E1/Hartill (QC) 6.66-67, promulgated by the Board of Works mint between approximately 1768 and approximately 1773. This is a fantasy coin which was perhaps fabricated by a mint worker, although the motivation for doing so is obscure. It is the subject of Kaplan, Steven H. “A Qianlong Board of Revenue/Board of Works Mule.” Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society, No. 208 (Summer, 2011), p. 47.

Hartill rarity –
Stkp
Sept Sev Vict Brit-RSC 731a.JPG
Sept Sev Vict Brit-Mule30 viewsAR Denarius, 210AD, Rome mint
Obverse: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Reverse: VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory seated left on pile of shields, holding shield on her lap and palm.
18mm, 3.0gm.
RSC 731a
1 commentsJerome Holderman
Septimius_805+812a.jpg
Septimius Severus - AE as32 viewsRome
211 AD
laureate bust right
SEVERVS__PIVS AVG BRIT
Victory standing right, holding vexillum with both hands, two captives seated on either sides facing each other
P M TR P XVIII COS__III P P
S C
obv: RIC IV 812b; Cohen 724 /// rev: RIC IV 805; BMC 200; Cohen 545
11,77g
ex Jiří Militký

This "mule" was probably struck early in 211 AD accidently with old reverse die from 210 AD.
Johny SYSEL
sep_severus_mule~0.jpg
Septimius Severus mule31 viewsMrCardon
abm_severus_vict_brit_sest.jpg
Septimius Severus, sestertius, RIC - (808 variant), AD 211.39 viewsL SEPT SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right.
VICT BRIT P M TR P XIX COS IIII P P, Two Victories with shield.
RIC - (cf 808), AD 211.
Struck at Rome in the first few weeks of the year 211, Severus dying at York on the 4th February. News of this would, however, have taken some time to reach the capital. Celebrates Severus' alleged victories in the North the year before. The coin seems to be a mule combining an obverse of 210 with a reverse of 211 with an error in the legend which reads COS IIII, not the correct COS III.
Weight 19.27g.
Adrianus
Picture_708.jpg
Series K/R (mule) sceat13 viewshooverman
sceat.JPG
Series N/W mule sceat18 viewshooverman
greek4.jpg
Sicily, Messana Ar Tetradrachm112 views(412–408 BC)
Obv.: Charioteer driving mule biga left, two dolphins nose to nose in exergue
Rev.: Hare leaping left over horizontal barley ear, dove flying left above, MESSANION in exergue.
Caltabiano 614 ; SNG ANS 378 ; SNG Copenhagen 404.
5 commentsMinos
imitation_of_Tetricus_I_and_Claudius_II,_altar_type.JPG
Struck Imitation of Tetricus I/Divus Claudius II24 viewsStruck Imitation of Tetricus I/Divus Claudius II
altar type
c. 270-273
[…]IIVCVSL[…]
bearded, radiate bust r.
[…]/VXV/OVC[…]
highly stylized, square altar

mule of Tetricus I obverse and Divus Claudius II reverse
Ardatirion
tessera_res.jpg
TESSERA30 views4th Century AD
AE Holed Tessera 12 mm 0.8 g
O: Bust of Mercury, right, with caduceus over shoulder, within beaded border; anepigraphic
R: Crescent moon with 3 stars, within beaded border; anepigraphic
Rome
Probably used as an amulet or event/admission token
laney
abm_tetricus_spes_augg_mule.jpg
Tetricus I, MINT I/II mule Normanby - (Issue V for Tetricus II)11 views[IMP TET]RICVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
SPES AVGG, Spes advancing left.
Normanby -
A very rare mule combining an obverse of Tetricus I from Mint II with a reverse of Tetricus II from Mint I. Cottenham hoard.
Weight
Adrianus
Tetricus PAX AVG mule.jpg
Tetricus mule PAX AVG86 viewsAnt, 19mm, 3.07g.

Obverse: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, Radiate and draped bust R.

Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing L with sceptre and branch.

Trier, Issue 4.

This results from a period immediately after coin was first issued for Tetricus II; mint organisation was not equal to the task of keeping dies for the two rulers separate, and it's fairly common to find father and son mules.
1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Livise01-2.jpg
Tiberius, RIC 51, for Livia, sestertius of AD 22-23 (Carpentum)35 viewsĆ sestertius (22.2g, Ř36mm, 9h), Rome mint, struck AD 22-23.
Obv.: S·P·Q·R / IVLIAE / AVGVST in three lines above an ornamented carpentum drawn by two mules advancing right.
Rev.: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXIIII· around large S·C .
RIC (Tiberius) 51 (S); Cohen 6; Sear (Roman Coins & their Values I) 1738

Issued after Livia survived a serious ilness in AD 22
Charles S
Titus_PontifMaxim.jpg
Titus / Pontif Maxim Mule104 viewsTitus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AR Denarius, Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 73.
O: Laureate head right; T CAES IMP VESP CENS
R: Vespasian seated right on curule chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter and olive branch.
- RIC II 554 (R) (Vespasian); BMC 113; RSC 158. Struck from the same obverse die as the aureus illustrated for Calicó 746.

An interesting mule. When this coin was struck, Titus was only Pontifex not Pontifex Maximus. The same reverse type was also struck for Titus with his correct titles, PONTIF TRI POT.
The reverse type clearly copies the PONTIF MAXIM Livia seated type of Tiberius. Vespasian may have copied this and other earlier aureus and denarius reverse types as restorations, since he was melting down and recoining the originals to take advantage of Nero's debasement of 64 AD. According to CClay, "Use of the SAME dies for both aurei and denarii was the rule up until Titus and continued in some issues until about Hadrian. Thereafter the style and size of the two denominations diverged, though gold and silver QUINARII often continued to be struck from the same dies."
5 commentsNemonater
9_vespasianus(10).jpg
Titus as Caesar Mule, reverse of Vespasian, Rome. 74 AD. Ć Quadrans 2,49g, 16mm.38 viewsObv: T CAESAR IMP, head laureate right.
Rev: P • M • TR • POT • P • P, winged caduceus upright.
RIC˛ 1577 (R2), pl. 83 (same dies). RPC 2000, pl. 90 (same dies). McAlee 395 (same dies).
1 commentsxanthos
3003LG.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 553 Mule71 viewsAR, Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP - VESP CEN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 553 (R). BMC 112. RSC 158. BNC -.

This denarius of Titus as Caesar is quite interesting because of the reverse legend, PONTIF MAXIM, obviously inappropriate for Titus in 73 AD! However this mule was minted in such quantities as to be assigned it's own catalog number in the major references. The type was also issued with obverse legend ending in CENS.

The portrait is very pleasing as well.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
titus_as_caesar_pont_max.JPG
Titus as Caesar RIC 554 Mule89 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 554 (R). BMC 113. RSC 158. BNC 97.
Ex Lanz, eBay, 6 October 2008.

This rare denarius of 73 AD issued by Titus as Caesar, is a mule featuring a reverse intended for Vespasian. The reverse legend PONTIF MAXIM is the title of the chief priest, a position held only by the emperor.

A coin featuring a sturdy portrait of the young prince with his father as supreme priest on the reverse, a perfect mule.
1 commentsvespasian70
V556sm.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 55664 viewsAR Denarius, 2.57g
Rome Mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TRI POT; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 556 (C). BMC 116. RSC 169. BNC -.
Acquired from CGB, May 2016.

A reverse type which copies the famous 'Tribute Penny' reverse of Tiberius, but instead of a female figure we see Titus seated. The type was correspondingly struck for Vespasian which resulted in many rare mules. This denarius actually has the correct legends for Titus Caesar. Unusually for Rome it has a twelve o'clock die axis.

A nice early portrait struck on a large flan.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V554.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V055489 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (3.16g, 19.9mm, 0h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 554 (R), BMC V113, RSC 158. Ex Incitatus/Steve McBride.

This coin is considered a mule for Titus as the reverse title POINTIF MAXIM was reserved for the Emperor. There are two types (V553 with CEN instead of CENS), and both seem to have been minted in fairly large quantities which seems unusual for a mule. This example has a die axis of 0 hours which is also unusual for the Rome mint. The Flavians used previous reverse types, and this was the ubiquitous reverse from Tiberius’ reign where the reverse figure was interpreted as Liva as Pax. Many mysteries here.
3 commentsLucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_east_eagle.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC-1481117 viewsAR Denarius, 3.29g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck off flan
Rev: COS V across field;Eagle stg. facing on garlanded altar, wings open, head r.
RIC 1481 (R). BMC 485. RSC 61. RPC 1457 (4 spec.). BNC 373.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Ephesus stopped minting Imperial denarii in 74 AD. Mysteriously, a series of denarii were minted in 76 in Asia Minor with no apparent purpose. The mint is thought to be Ephesus as well. However, previously the mint had excellent quality control...the 76 series lacks all of that and then some! Mules, muddled titles (PON MAX for Titus!), and reverse types mixed between Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. A truly odd series. Most likely minted for local use.

This Titus denarius from the series has no blundered mistakes. A fabulous portrait, different in style from the previous Ephesus series but still artistic, IMHO.

3 commentsDavid Atherton
V1485a.JPG
Titus as Caesar RIC-148586 viewsAR Denarius 3.28g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
RIC 1485 (R). BMC p. 102 note. RSC 87. RPC 1459 (2 spec.). BNC 375.
Ex eBay, October 2016.

A rare type copied from Rome and struck presumably at Ephesus, although the identity of the mint is not certain. The issue is often wrought with mistakes in the form of blundered legends and mules. This denarius is happily correct!

Stylish portrait and nearly full legends.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
066.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC-1486103 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck off flan
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Winged caduceus
RIC 1486 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. RPC 1460 (2 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Ancient Treasures, eBay, March 2011.

The small series this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. The reason for the series being minted at all is not known either. The issue is full of blundered legends and mules, however, stylistically the coins are very pleasing.

7 commentsDavid Atherton
T16A.jpg
Titus RIC 16A82 viewsAR Denarius, 2.83g
Rome mint, 79 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: ANNONA AVG; Annona std. l., with sack of corn ears
RIC 16A (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Ex Roma Numismatics, E-Sale 58, 20 June 2019, lot 1078.

A unique First issue Annona paired with a Second issue obverse legend. The Annona reverse was a carry-over type struck for Titus as Caesar under Vespasian just before his death and was likely issued in the first few days of Titus' reign as a stop-gap until new reverse designs could be created. It is by far the rarest type from the First issue. The obverse legend changed in the second issue from the First issue's IMP T CAESAR to IMP TITVS CAES, this would be the standard obverse legend on the denarii for the remainder of the reign. The appearance of the Annona type with the new obverse legend is possibly a mule using an old First issue reverse die with a new Second issue obverse. There is a slight possibility that it was an intentional strike, but the fact that no other Second issue Annona specimens have surfaced is a strong indication it is accidental.

I informed Ian Carradice of the piece and he has assigned it RIC 16A in the upcoming RIC II.1 Addenda with the note: 'Perhaps a mule, with rev die from the previous issue'.

Good Roman style.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
T368c-1.jpg
Titus RIC-368 Mule451 viewsAR Denarius, 3.30g
Rome mint, 79-80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: EX S C across field; Victory adv. l., placing shield on trophy; below, Judaea std. l.
RIC 368 (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.

A very interesting mule featuring an obverse of Titus as Augustus and a reverse intended for the deified Vespasian. Until this specimen surfaced only one other was known, it belonging to Curtis Clay, which is an obverse and reverse die match to my example. If I may be so bold, the following is what Curtis Clay wrote about his own specimen in 2005 which I cannot improve upon.

"This denarius is without doubt a mint mule, combining an obverse of Titus as Augustus with a reverse meant for Divus Vespasian. A normal denarius of Divus Vespasian with rev. STRUCK FROM THIS SAME DIE was in Rauch 67, part I, 26 Feb. 2001, 368 (I tried to acquire it too but was outbid!).
Does any list member possess a normal aureus or denarius of Titus struck from this same head-left obv. die, and if so, what is the reverse? It is a matter of some historical significance whether this obverse die belongs to 23 June-31 Dec. AD 79, the first six months of Titus' reign, COS VII on rev., or the next six months, AD 80 up to July 1, COS VIII on rev. (After that, perhaps because the mint burned down in the fire of 80, no more aurei or denarii were produced at Rome until the accession of Domitian in Sept. 81.)
Being able to date this obv. die would more or less solve a vexing question, namely when was Vespasian consecrated?
T.V. Buttrey, following H. Mattingly, believes that the consecration must have been postponed until 80, since all coins of Domitian as COS VI (79), plus a few as COS VII (80), call him simply AVG F, Son of the Augustus. Only when new aureus and denarius rev. types were introduced for Domitian early in 80 was his filiation changed to DIVI F, Son of the Consecrated Emperor.
I however think Vespasian was probably consecrated immediately after he died on 23 June 79. The persistence of AVG F for Domitian into 80 is odd and I cannot explain it, but I think this fact is outweighed by two other considerations.
First, it was natural, indeed inevitable, that the status of a deceased emperor, deification or condemnation, should be decided by the Senate immediately after his death. Immediate consecration or condemnation is explicitly attested for a number of other emperors before and after Vespasian. Delay could occur when the successor wanted consecration to enhance his own prestige but the Senate thirsted for revenge by condemnation, as in the cases of Tiberius and Hadrian, but there was no such disagreement about Vespasian: both Titus and the Senate surely favored his consecration. So it is impossible to explain why his consecration should have been postponed for six or more months after his death.
Second, the mint was striking aurei and denarii for Vespasian in four rev. types during the final six months of his life, Jan.-June 79.
When Vespasian died, three of these types were taken over by Titus as Augustus and, judging from the numbers in the Reka Devnia hoard, were struck in about the same volume until the end of 79 as the three types of Titus as Caesar in 79 which he also continued as Augustus. The aureus and denarius type of Domitian as Caesar in 79 also did not change when Vespasian died. In other words seven of the eight common aureus and denarius types of 79, three of Vespasian which were carried on by Titus, three of Titus himself first Caesar then Augustus, and one of Domitian Caesar, were without doubt struck continuously from beginning to end of the year.
But what about the fourth common precious-metal type of Vespasian alive in 79, Victory placing shield on Trophy? This type was not struck for Titus as Augustus, instead we find it with obverse of DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, and with the titles of Vesp. on reverse changed to EX SC to convert it into a consecration type! This type was about as common in the Reka Devnia hoard as the six denarius types of Titus as Augustus in the second half of 79.
I find it impossible to believe that this type was revived for Divus Vespasian after his alleged delayed consecration early in 80. It sticks out like a sore thumb among the other precious metal types of Divus Vespasian, as the only one to merely repeat a type of the living Vespasian instead of advertising the new honors that had been decreed with his consecration. No: obviously the type belongs to the second half of 79, contemporaneous with the other three types of the living Vespasian which Titus had taken over for himself, proving that Vespasian was consecrated immediately after he died!
This is the same rev. type of Divus Vespasian that was wrongly coupled with an obv. die of Titus as Augustus on the denarius reproduced here. If my chronology is correct, this will have been an obv. die of AD 79 and will also have been coupled with correct reverses of Titus dated COS VII not COS VIII, if such coins have survived and can be found!
I have searched without success for this obv. die in coinarchives, wildwinds, several photofiles compiled from printed sale catalogues and lists, and the major published museum catalogues."

Interestingly enough, earlier this year an obverse die match was found with an appropriate Titus reverse (Tripod and dolphin) dating to 80 AD.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
foureemule.jpg
Titus(?)/Domitian57 viewsFourée Denarius, 19.5mm, 2.85g, 5h, Unknown mint: 82 or after.
Obv.: [T CAES]AR IMP VESPASIAN; Laureate head right.
Rev.: TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII PP; Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.
Reference: Obverse possibly RIC II 225 (p. 40), reverse RIC II 32 (p. 157).
Notes: an impossible combination in the official issues.
1 commentsJohn Anthony
Fake_-_Trajan_RIC_128_double_strike.jpg
Trajan RIC 128 mule, double strike27 viewsTrajan RIC 128 mule, double strike11 viewsDenarius, 103-111
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Laur. r., dr. l. s. (double strike)
Rev: COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC
Victory standing l. half dr., holding wreath and palm.

3.50g, 18mm
possibly modern
1 commentsklausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_Aequitas.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Aequitas20 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r.
Rev: COS III
Aequitas (Hadrian RIC 339)

2.6g

Sold by notorious fake seller mavigodi, eBay, May 6, 2013, for $48.86.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Concordia.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Concordia21 viewsObv.: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur.r., dr. l. s.
Rev.: P M TR P COS III
Concordia seated l., holding patera (Hadrian, RIC 82)

Sold by notorious fake seller mangizite-2008, August, 10, 2013, for €9.50.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Concordia2.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Concordia13 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Rev: P M TR P COS III (cf. Hadrian RIC 82)
Concordia seated l., holding patera.

Sold on eBay (Spain) by notorious fake seller solidus_2012, 17 March 2014, for 29 GBP.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Felicitas2.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Felicitas12 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r.
Rev: P M TR P COS III (cf. Hadrian RIC 83)
Felicitas standing l.

Offered on eBay (Spain) for 69 € (unsold), March 2014
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Justitia.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, IVSTITIA27 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r.
Rev: P M TR P COS II - IVSTITIA (Hadrian RIC 42)
Justitia seated l., holding patera and sceptre.

2.7g
Offered on eBay, February 2014 (withdrawn)
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Pudicitia.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Pudicitia12 viewsDenarius
Obv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r.
Rev: COS III
Pudicitia seating l.

Weight 3.9g. Early Trajan bust combined with a much later Hadrian reverse. Unlikely to be genuine. Sold on eBay, June 12, 2013, for 34 GBP.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Victoria2.jpg
Trajan-Hadrian mule, Victoria219 viewsObv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Laur. r., aegis
Rev: P M TR P COS III
Victoria

Sold for €19.50 on eBay, July 2013.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Septimius_Severus_mule.JPG
Trajan-Septimius Severus mule28 viewsDenarius
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Rev: P M TR P XV COS III P P
Victory inscribing shield (RIC 211, Sept. Severus)
17mm, 2.7g

Sold on eBay (Belgium), 21 December 2013, for GBP23
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Septimius_Severus_mule2.jpg
Trajan-Septimius Severus-Mule216 viewsDenarius
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Rev: P M TR P XV COS III P P
Victory inscribing shield (RIC 211, Sept. Severus)
16mm, 3.2g

Sold on eBay (Belgium), 20 November 2014, for GBP21.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Domitian_mule.jpg
Trajan/Domitian mule22 viewsObv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P
Laur. r., dr. l. s.
Rev: IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P
Minerva standing left with thunderbolt & spear, shield at foot.

2.98g, 20mm

On offer on eBay, Oct. 19, 2011 for $246 (unsold, numinerva). There is a similar cast fake in Forum's database, although with different legends.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Pietas2.jpg
Trajan/Hadrian mule17 viewsCombination of a Trajan Obcers with Hadrian RIC 260 PIETAS AVG

Sold on eBay, 19 October 2014, for Ł53,88.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Felicitas.jpg
Trajan/Hadrian mule31 viewsObv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM
Laur. r.
Rev: P M TR P COS III
Felicitas (cf. Hadrian RIC 83)

A Lipanoff forgery. This specific coin appeared on vcoins, but it is a rather common fake that can also be seen on eBay every now and then.
klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Pietas.jpg
Trajan/Hadrian mule Pietas33 viewsSold on eBay by pius_coins, March 2, 2012, for 43,88 GBP, together with other fakes.klausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Quadriga.jpg
Trajan/Hadrian mule Quadriga85 viewsObv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM DAC
Laur. r., dr.
Rev: COS III
Quadriga l.
18mm, 3.1g

Sold by romangreekcoins, eBay, 15 April, 2012, for €40.38.
1 commentsklausklage
Fake_-_Trajan-Hadrian_mule_-_Victoria.jpg
Trajan/Hadrian mule Victoria40 viewsSold on eBay UK by ferdo2807, February and March 2012

P M TR P COS III, Victory with trophy walking r.
klausklage
TRdotP12.jpg
TRIER 1 P TR.P with curls20 viewsRIC 542.
A rare mule combining an obverse style of the second workshop with 4 hair curls emerging from under the helmet (see the other coins with this style on this gallery) with a reverse of the first workshop. Another coin that proves there was some borrowing or transfers of dies or personnel between workshops.
Adrianus
ABM360.jpg
Unattributed with reversed images on both sides (ABM360)489 viewsAn unattributed mule with a reversed Constantinopolis bust to the right. This coin shares a reverse die with ABM270, a coin from the Nether Compton hoard that has a reversed Roma bust to the right. Diameter 14mm. Weight 1.83g.Adrianus
Fr#2301m_Rear.jpg
United States of America: 1934 Julian-Morgenthau Five Dollars Mule Federal Reserve Note (Fr#2301m)9 viewsQuant.Geek
Fr#2301m_Front.jpg
United States of America: 1934 Julian-Morgenthau Five Dollars Mule Federal Reserve Note (Fr#2301m)10 viewsQuant.Geek
1051213mm6mm536g.jpg
Unknown Amulet32 viewslead 13mm long, 6mm thick.
5.36g
wileyc
V759a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-759127 viewsĆ Dupondius, 14.46g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: PON•MAX•TR•POT•P•P•COS•V CENS; Winged caduceus between crossed cornuacopiae
RIC 759 (C). BMC p. 219 note. RPC 1983 (6 spec.). BNC 905.
Ex eBay, 16 October 2018. Ex Klassische Münzen.

Traditionally, the issue this rather strange dupondius is from has been attributed to various different mints over the years. Ted Buttrey writing in the RIC II.1 Addenda commented extensively on it. Because both the Addenda has yet to see the light of day and T. Buttrey's thoughts on the subject are important (and indeed likely correct), I have largely quoted it in full here with some minor editing.

'RIC 756-767 are irregular Dupondii, which should be taken together with Asses, semisses and quadrantes (RIC 1564-1581), forming together a single extraordinary issue in four denominations, distinct in typology and metal, as well as overall character from the regular coinage of the year. Although Eastern in aspect and reverse type, the circulation area of the dupondii is almost exclusively Gaul, Germany, Italy – i.e. the West, with scarcely any penetration of the East. Finds of the smaller denominations are rarely attested anywhere, East or West. The Eastern finds appear to be simply the débris of Mediterranean circulation.

Previously the series had been attributed to Commagene (BMCRE II, pp.217-222), then as a likelihood to Antioch (e.g. RPC II 1982-2005). The correct attribution to Rome is proved by mules of the dupondii with regular issues (Buttrey, “Vespasian’s Roman Orichalcum: An Unrecognized Celebratory Coinage” in David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos, Judaea and Rome in Coins, 65 CBE – 135 CE (2012). The series had nothing to do with Syria or with the East at all, yet it was purposefully designed to appear non-Roman: the suppression of the traditional reverse sub-inscription S C throughout; the suppression of the radiate crown of the Dupondius; the shifting of the consular dating from the obv. to the rev.; the striking of all four denominations in orichalcum; and most obviously the selection of rev. dies which reek of the East.

There is nothing like this series in the whole of Roman imperial coinage. It is a deliberate act of Orientalism, imposing the flavour of the East on a Western coinage. The key to its understanding is the reverse type of the dupondius, two crossed cornuacopiae with a winged caduceus between. It replicates the type of an obscure issue of the Galilean city of Sepphoris, an issue which had been, astonishingly, signed by Vespasian himself (ΕΠΙ ΟΥΕCΠΑCΙΑΝΟΥ, “on the authority of…”) when on duty there in the last days of Nero. The dupondius-sized bronze was accompanied by a half-unit with the type of a large, central S C – again signed by Vespasian, and now imitated on the As of the orichalcum series with the wreath of the As of Antioch (RPC I 4849-50).
The whole of this series memorializes not Vespasian the conquering general (IVDAEA CAPTA, VICTORIA AVGVSTI), but the man. His re-use of earlier coin types is well-known; here he re-uses his own, harking back to his career just prior to his final success in seizing the empire. And the series was struck in 74 A.D., co-terminous with the celebration of Vespasian’s first quinquennium.'

The coin itself is a superb example in very fine style. Beautiful dark golden patina with highlights of emerald green.
8 commentsDavid Atherton
V945.jpg
Vespasian RIC-945 Mule106 viewsAR Denarius, 3.22g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, l.
Rev: COS VI in ex.; Pair of Oxen, under yoke, l.
RIC 945 (R3, this coin). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Celeste Jones Mining, April 2017. Ex CGB Monnaies 21, 18 June 2004, lot 2387. Formerly in NGC holder 4278700-005, grade 'VF', strike 5/5, surface 3/5.

A unique mint mule with an obverse of Vespasian combined with a reverse from Titus Caesar's parallel issue. Vespasian was COS VIII when the coin was struck in 77/78, so the reverse title is quite impossible. This specimen is cited in RIC, apparently the only one recorded. A combination of a rare left facing Vespasian portrait with the rare yoked oxen type for Titus Caesar makes it unlikely another specimen will turn up any time soon. The yoked oxen reverse copies a Republican denarius struck by L. Cassius Caecianus, Crawford 321/1. Possibly a 'colonist' or general agricultural type.

In very fine condition and good style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
V984a.jpg
Vespasian RIC-984 Mule92 viewsAR Denarius, 2.80g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD
Obv: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: IMP XIII in exergue; Sow l., with three piglets
RIC 984 (R2). BMC p.62, 21. RSC 210. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A rare mule combing an obverse of Vespasian and a reverse of Titus as Caesar. The reverse type was issued simultaneously for both, so one can understand how they could easily have gotten mixed up.

Not in the best condition, but the legends are fairly clear and the strike is reasonably centered.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
Vespdu06-scan.jpg
Vespasian, RIC 760 (var.), mule using Titus reverse, Dupondius of AD 7457 viewsĆ Dupondius (13.2g, Ř22mm, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 74.
Obv.: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head left
Rev.: TR·POT·COS III·CENSOR, winged caduceus between two crossed cornucopiae
obv.: RIC 759 x rev.:RIC 761/2 (near RIC 760 (R2))
ex G.Henzen

This is a mule with the obverse corresponding to RIC 759 (Vespasian) and reverse corresponding to RIC 761-762 (Titus). RIC 760 is also a mule using the same Titus reverse, but with obverse legend VESPASIAN (RIC 757), not VESPASIANVS like this one. This issue is associated with bronzes of smaller denominations minted in Rome for use in Syria. A record of this coin has been added to Forum's Gallery "Unlisted and Unpublished Coins"
1 commentsCharles S
IMG_0264sm.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1477160 viewsAR Denarius, 2.58g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., a small 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1477 (R). BMC 483. RSC 375a. RPC 1453 (7 spec.). BNC 371.
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, October 2014.

These 'o' mint denarii (the 'o' is often not visible) struck for Vespasian, Titus Caesar, and Domitian Caesar are thought to have been minted at Ephesus due to a similar 'o' mint mark previously used at that mint. The types are the same as those struck somewhat contemporaneously at Rome. Mules are a hallmark of the series, perhaps indicating a lack of care in their production. The cadeceus type here is not a mule and copies a Rome reverse of Vespasian from 74.

Curtis Clay wrote these insightful comments concerning the series - "You write, 'thought to have been minted at Ephesus due to a similar 'o' mint mark previously used at that mint'. I regard that as a clear mistake by Buttrey and Carradice. Yes, annulets appear on some late Ephesus denarii too, but everything else is against attributing this later annulet series to Ephesus. Ephesus had its own reverse types, faithfully repeated from issue to issue. But the new series copies its rev. types from Rome, as you note. Ephesus had its own obv. legends too, usually dated with consulships. Quite different in the new series, again copied from Rome. The style is totally different. Errors, such as calling Titus PON MAX and many mules mixing obverses of one emperor with reverses of another, occur only in the later series, never at Ephesus. Against these blatant differences, the shared annulets are I think a mere trifle. A clear case of different mints in my eyes! So 'Ephesus (?)' should be dropped, and we should return to 'uncertain Asia Minor mint'."

Porous and fairly worn, however the major devices are intact and the portrait is quite fine.



6 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp divus quadriga.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-361263 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 79-80 AD (Titus)
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: EX S C in ex.; Tensa l., surmounted by two victories
RIC 361 (C). BMC 119. RSC 146. BNC 94.
Acquired from Klassische Münzen, March 2007.

Here are Curtis Clay's comments concerning the reverse which I cannot improve upon:

"The wagon is a tensa, a chariot in which the symbols of the gods were carried to the games in the circus procession. The wagon has a pediment, evidently in imitation of the temple where those symbols were normally stored.

A unique medallion of A. Pius in Berlin, illustrated by Cohen 1186, shows a similar pedimented wagon drawn by four horses, with a statue of Roma seated atop the pediment and ROM inscribed on the front of the wagon, evidently the tensa of the goddess Roma.

Suetonius and Dio Cassius report that a tensa in the circus procession was one of the excessive honors voted to Julius Caesar in 45-44 BC, shortly before his assassination.

No literary text or inscription attests that tensae were also accorded to consecrated emperors and empresses, but this fact is demonstrated by the coin types, namely the type of Divus Claudius I, your type of Divus Vespasianus, and the type of Diva Marciana showing a similar pedimented wagon drawn by two mules, BMC pl. 21.7-8.

I believe I was the first scholar to correctly identify these wagons, with a full argument bringing in several other examples too, in my paper on the coinage of Nero, Num. Zeitschrift 96, 1982, pp. 28-9 and Appendix 3."

2 commentsVespasian70
Vespasponmax.jpg
Vespasian-unlisted or ancient immitation196 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII
laureate head right

PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right, holding scepter and branch.

2.59 g
18.8 mm

Rome
72-73 AD

RIC -; RSC 388; BMCRE p.12

Ex-Vcoins Auction, Ex-Imperial coins

Some insight why this may not be official from Curtis Clay:

1. For mint mules the obv. and rev. should belong to either the same issue or to immediately successive issues. But on Jay's coin the obv. is of 72-early 73 (COS IIII without CENS), but the PONTIF MAXIM rev. is not otherwise known with that COS IIII obv. legend, nor with the next legend with COS IIII CEN, nor with the legend after that with just CEN and still clockwise, but only with the third obv. legend thereafter, namely CEN but counterclockwise. That rev. type is probably of 74 AD, since at its last stage it occurs with a legend specifically dated to 74, PON MAX TR P COS V. Obv. of 72-early 73, rev. of 74: that's a combination that the official mint was unlikely to produce.

2. IMI for IMP in obv. legend, an error that an official engraver was unlikely to make.
4 commentsJay GT4
IMG_0418.jpg
Victorinus (deified reverse), MINT II Normanby - 21 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
CONSACRATIO, Eagle standing right, head left, wreath in beak.
A very rare mule with a lifetime obverse and a posthumous reverse.
Weight 1.69g.
Adrianus
IMG_0414.jpg
Victorinus, MINT (Irregular after MINT II) 16 viewsDIVO VICTORINO PIO, Radiate head right.
INVICTVS, Sol advancing left.
An irregular mule combining an obverse of a posthumous issue with a lifetime reverse.
Weight 1.64g.
Adrianus
rjb_2012_12_18.jpg
Victorinus: Mint 2, Issue 1/2 mule18 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVG
Salus walking right, snake in arms
Mint 2, Issue 1/2 mule
Elmer 703
mauseus
vrbs_roma_mule_16mm.jpg
Vrbs Roma / Constantinopolis (mule)71 viewsTrier (?)
very scarce
d=16mm
antvwala
Titus_as_Caesar,_Mule.jpg
x Fourree Mule of Titus as Caesar87 viewsTitus as Caesar. Unknown, unofficial, mint. (2.11g, 18.1m, 6h.) Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPSIAN, laureate head right. Rev: AVGV[R?] above, TRI P[OT], below, priestly implements. Reverse, RIC II V43.

Titus, as Caesar, never had the reverse with the priestly implements. That was Vespasian in 70A.D. The legends is anticlockwise. The style is unofficial, and the weight is low making it a likely fouree even in the absence of any break in the silvering.
1 commentsLucas H
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