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sfc-data-dificil-500-rs-1936-rgte-feijo-2-D_NQ_NP_1897-MLB4769578494_082013-F.jpg
9 viewsMOEDA - 500 Réis - 1938 - Regente Feijó
________________________________________
Série Ilustres
Excelente estado de conservaçăo


ANVERSO
O busto do Regente do Império Diogo António Feijó circundado pela inscriçăo REGENTE FEIJÓ. Em baixo, monograma do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, uma coluna coríntia encimada pela inscriçăo circular BRASIL entre dois filetes. Ŕ esquerda do campo, o valor 500 e, ŕ direita, a palavra RÉIS em posiçăo horizontal. No exergo, a data e, ao lado direito, a sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRĂO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 22,5 mm
Peso: 5,00 g
Espessura: 1,80 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Titulagem: Cu 910, Al 90
Eixo: reverso medalha (EV)
_____________________
Antonivs Protti
thumbnail.jpg
10 viewsMoeda Brasil 1935- 1000 Reis
Serie Ilustres - Padre Anchieta
Módulo Maior - Escassa
________________________________

ANVERSO
Efígie do Padre José de Anchieta, de perfil, onde
se ostenta a inscriçăo vertical ANCHIETA.
Missionário e fundador de Săo Paulo.
Sigla do gravador Calmon Barreto.

REVERSO
No centro, um livro aberto e o valor 1000 réis em
semicírculo. Sob o valor, a data. No exergo, a palavra
BRASIL. Sigla do gravador Walter Toledo.

PADRĂO MONETÁRIO
MIL-RÉIS (de 08/10/1833 a 31/10/1942)

PERÍODO POLÍTICO
República, Era Vargas (1930-1945)

ORIGEM
Casa da Moeda, Rio de Janeiro

CARACTERÍSTICAS
Material: bronze alumínio
Diâmetro: 26,7 mm
Peso: 8,00 g
Espessura: 2,10 mm
Bordo: serrilhado
Antonivs Protti
IMG_2767.JPG
32 viewsAE Onkia, 2.11 g, Sicily, Panormos, ca. 415-380 B.C. Obv: Forepart of Man-headed bull facing left, possibly ear of corn above or simply an encrustation divided from the man-faced bull by the tooler, in which case SYS should be above. Rev: Horse trotting right, ear of corn above. Calciati I, 272, no. 11. Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti "Monete, Storia e topografia della Sicilia Greca," p. 344 (this coin); MSP I, 48b (this coin illustrated).

Definite tooling around the major devices, on the legs and back. Face apparently untouched though field in front has been smoothed.

Ex. Dr. Busso-Peus, Auction 386, No. 108 (unsold). Tooled.
2 commentsMolinari
ma1a.jpg
Septimius Severus Denarius, RIC 411a, Emesa23 views
Septimius Severus Denarius. Emesa mint, 194-195 CE.
Obverse: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right.
Reverse: MONET AVG, moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae.
18.5 mm., 3.2 g., RIC 411a, RSC 330. BMC 380
NORMAN K
Diocletian_RIC_Rome_105.jpg
1 Diocletian40 viewsDIOCLETIAN
Silvered Follis, Rome, Struck 302-3 AD

IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, bust l. / SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae, star in l. field, RP in ex.

RIC VI Rome 105a gVF
Sosius
Domitian_Moneta_As.jpg
12 Domitian60 viewsDOMITIAN
AE As, Rome Mint, 92-94 AD

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right/ MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

Cohen 333, RIC 756; aVF-rough surfaces
RI0030
2 commentsSosius
Maximian_RIC_Aquileia_29b_tflip.jpg
2 Maximian42 viewsMAXIMIANUS
AE1 Follis. 300 AD
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia, AQP in ex.
RIC Aquileia 29b
Sosius
Sep_Sev_RIC_510a.jpg
24 Septimius Severus22 viewsSEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
AR Denarius. Struck 198-202 AD. Laodicea mint.

L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right / MONETA AVGG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae

RIC 510a, RSC 345, BMC 669 aVF (possible fouree?)
Sosius
rjb_car_287_06_06.jpg
28762 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 287
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_290_06_06.jpg
29039 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 290
mauseus
rjb_car2_10_07.jpg
29132 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF IN AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVGGG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 291
mauseus
rjb_2010_07_03~0.jpg
291cf23 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVGGG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 291); Carson -; Bourne -
mauseus
rjb_car_469cf_05_05.jpg
469cf24 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONET AVG"
Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales
Uncertain mint
S/C//-
RIC - (cf 469)
mauseus
rjb_2018_11_06.jpg
6108 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
London mint?
RSR
RIC 610
mauseus
rjb_2018_11_02.jpg
610cf12 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "[IMP (C?) CARAVSIV]S AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
London mint?
RSR
RIC - (cf 610)
mauseus
rjb_car2_02_08.jpg
71791 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC 717
Found near York, UKDFD 1208
2 commentsmauseus
717cf.jpg
717cf98 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopia
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 717)
Trial strike from "denarius" dies
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_2012_03_30.jpg
82cf29 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 82 cuirassed bust)
mauseus
rjb_2011_07_01.jpg
8330 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 83
mauseus
rjb_car1_09_07.jpg
854ff25 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta stg left holding cornucopia and scales
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 854ff)
mauseus
rjb_car_855_replace.jpg
85549 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta stg left holding cornucopia and scales
Unmarked mint
RIC 855
mauseus
rjb_car_856_09_05.jpg
85628 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "MONETA AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales
Unmarked mint
RIC 856
mauseus
con30abc.jpg
CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS, FOLLIS RIC 30a Aquilia, 300 CE 19 viewsObverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Monet standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
AQT in ex., 27.92mm., 9.4 g,
NORMAN K
Postumus_RIC_Cologne_315.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus21 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Cologne
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Cologne 315
Sosius
Postumus_RIC_Lyon_75.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus11 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Lyons Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, RDC bust right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Lyons 75; Sear (1988) 3116

Sosius
Dyrrhachion_Dracma.jpg
ILIRIA - DIRRAQUIO/EPIDAMNOS20 viewsAR dracma 18X16 mm 2.4 gr.

Anv: "MENIΣ [KOΣ ]" (Nombre de la Autoridad Monetaria que la acuńa), sobre una Vaca a der. mirando a su ternero que se amanta a izq.
Rev: "AYP / ΔIO / [NY] / [ΣIOY]" – Doble Forma estrellada, dividida por dos líneas y rodeada por una doble línea formando un contorno cuadrado.
Los diseńos del reverso de Korkyra así como de sus colonias, Apollonia (Apolonia) y Dyrrhachion (Dirraquio), han sido objeto de mucha especulación numismática. Eckhel (Doctrina numorum veterum [Vienna, 1792/3], II:155) aceptó la opinión de Laurentius Beger (Observationes Et Conjecturae In Numismata Quaedam Antiqua [Brandenburg, 1691]), que argumentó que el diseńo del reverso representa el jardín de Alkinoos, el mítico rey de Phaiakia, descrito en detalle por el poeta Homero (Od. 7.112-133). Basado en el supuesto de que mítica Phaiakia era la isla de la antigua Korkyra (mod. Corfú), y sabiendo que Korkyrans colonizaron tanto Apollonia y Dyrrhachion, Beger (ya través de él, Eckhel) concluyeron que los elementos centrales eran flores y que el diseńo general debe representar tanto el diseńo del jardín, o las puertas que conducen a ella. Más tarde, la mayoría de los numismáticos, como Böckh, Müller, Friedlander, y von Sallet, argumentaron que los elementos centrales del diseńo eran más como la estrella, mientras que Gardner favoreciendo una interpretación floral, aunque sea como una referencia a Apolo Aristaios o Nomios, no el jardín de ALKINOOS. Más recientemente, Nicolet-Pierre volvió a examinar la cuestión del diseńo del reverso en su artículo sobre la moneda arcaica de Korkyra ("Ŕ props du monnayage archaďque de Corcyre," SNR 88 [2009], pp. 2-3) y ofreció una nueva interpretación. Tomando nota de un pasaje de Tucídides (3.70.4) en la que ese autor citó la existencia en la isla de un recinto sagrado (temenos) dedicado a Zeus y ALKINOOS, sugirió que el diseńo del reverso podría haber sido inspirada por esto, y no en el jardín de ALKINOOS que detalla Homero.

Acuńación: 200 - 30 A.C.
Ceca: Dyrrhachion - Illyria (Hoy Durré en Albania)

Referencias: Sear GCTV Vol.I #1900 var Pag.187 – BMC Vol.7 #62-64 Pag.69 – SNG Copenhagen #467 - Maier #201 - Ceka #320
mdelvalle
post1s.jpg
Postumus RIC IV 199 Lugdunum26 viewsSilver Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: MONET AVG, Monet standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left.
Lugdunum (lyon) mint 21 mm diam., 3.9 g
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
00026x00~0.jpg
20 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
Ć Denarius (19mm, 2.90 g, 5 h)
Copying a Rome mint issue of AD 212-213.
Laureate head right
Moneta standing facing, holding scales and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 224
1 commentsArdatirion
philippe4-double-parisis~0.JPG
Dy.227 Philip IV (the Fair): double parisis, 1st emission15 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Double parisis, 1st emission (1295-1303)

Billon (480 ‰), 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 11h
O: +PhILIPPVS REX; leafy cross
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX: REGA/LIS under a fleur-de-lis

Philip had to face with extensive financial liabilities. He found money expelling Jews, Lombard bankers, arresting Templars and confiscating their properties. He also debased the French coinage and minted quite a large number of successive types and emissions of coins, with varying silver proportions.
Droger
charles4-double-parisis.JPG
Dy.244C Charles IV (the Fair): double Parisis, 3rd emission44 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Double parisis, 3rd emission (07/24/1326)

Billon (319 ‰), 1.10 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3h
O: +kAROLVS REX(clover); crown with fleur-de-lis and a small ring below
R: +mOnETA DVPLEX; cross with fleur-de-lis

2 commentsDroger
philippe6-gros-couronne-1ere.JPG
Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
Droger
hadrian_unk_1_res.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN23 views117 - 138 AD
AE 27 mm
O: radiate bust right
R: Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left, S-C
laney
a_pius_shewolf_2.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 140 - 144 AD
AE Sestertius 31/32 mm, 27.79 g
O: Laureate head right
R: --COS III" She-wolf in cave standing right with head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, S-C in ex
(struck to commemorate 900th year of founding of Rome)
Rome mint ;, RIC III 603b Banti 86. (scarce)
1 commentslaney
carac_herac_apples.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA27 views198 - 217 AD
struck 201 - 203 AD (under legatus consularis Aurelius Gallus)
AE26 Tetrassarion 25 x 26 mm; 9.92 g
O: AV K M AV ANTΩNINO Laureaet bust of Caracalla draped in paludamentum, right
R: VΠ AV ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛIT Herakles Farnese standing right, right hand behind back (hides the "Apples of the Hesperides"), resting on club set on rock, ΠPOCI beneath
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint; Hristova/Jekov No.8.18.14.6, not listed in AMNG also not listed in Varbanov. Rare

laney
postumus.jpg
(0259) POSTUMUS50 views259 - 268 AD
BILLON ANT. 23 mm 5.43 g
O:IMP C POSTVUVS PF AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST RIGHT
R: MONETA AVG
MONETA STANDING L HOLDING SCALES AND CORNUCOPIA
laney
DOMITIAN_MONETA_RES.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN32 views81 - 86 AD
Struck 85 AD
AE As 28.5 mm 8.81 g
O: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI Laureate head right
R: MONETA AVGVST--S-C Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
laney
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
Domitian_1.jpg
*SOLD*22 viewsDomitian AE As

Attribution: RIC 546, Cohen 329
Date: AD 87
Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PER P P, laureate bust r.
Reverse: MONETA AVGVST SC, Moneta stg. l. with scales & cornucopia
Size: 26 mm
Noah
Denario_M_Aquillius_Sear_336_1_Fourree.jpg
-R-19-01 – Mn. AQUILLIUS Mn.f.Mn.n. (71 A.C.)29 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA,
Denario Aserrado/dentado Forrado 19x17 mm 3.1 gr

Anv: Busto vestido y con yelmo de Virtus, viendo a derecha – ”VIRTVS” adelante y ”III VIR” detrás.
Es la primer aparición en la amonedación del título de Triunviro de un Monetario.
Rev: Guerrero (Mn. Aquillius, Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) de pié de frente, viendo a la derecha, portando un escudo y levantando la figura de Sicilia que está caída hacia la izquierda., "MN AQVIL” (MN en monograma),en campo derecho, "MN F MN N” (ambas MN en monograma),en campo izquierdo y ”SICIL” en el exergo.

Este denario refiere a los éxitos en Sicilia de Man. Aquillius (Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) y el excepcional valor demostrado por Este durante toda la guerra.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #336 Pag.135 - Craw RRC #401/1 - Syd CRR #798 - BMCRR #3364-9 - RSC Vol.1 Aquillia 2 Pag.16
mdelvalle
DSC06620-horz.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto37 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuńada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 ańos antes y a la edad de 31 ańos cuando desempeńaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuńada durante los ańos 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
Craw_433_2_Denario_M__Junius_Brutus.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto27 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuńada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 ańos antes y a la edad de 31 ańos cuando desempeńaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuńada durante los ańos 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
0020.jpg
0020 - Denarius Hadrian 137 AC14 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian laureate head r.
Rev/MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.7mm, 3.27g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/256 [C] - RCV3507 - BMCRE677 (nota) - RSC965
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 91, lot 249
dafnis
AS Augusto RIC 379~0.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)91 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
mdelvalle
RIC_379_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-14 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.0 gr.
Legado Monetario C GALLIUS LUPERCUS

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVSTVS TRI
BV[NIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·GAL[LIVS C F LVPERCVS III V]IR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 16 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #379 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1679 Pag.330 - BMCRE #174 (=BMCRR #4510) - Cohen Vol.1 #436 Pag.124 - DVM #99a Pag.71 - CBN #428
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 386.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)56 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
RIC_386_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-15 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)27 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 8.4 gr.
Legado Monetario L SURDINUS

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[L] SVRDINVS [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #386 Pag.70 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1683 Pag.331 - BMCRE #144 (=BMCRR #4631) - Cohen Vol.1 #473 Pag.131 - DVM #99 var Pag.71 - CBN #483
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 379.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
mdelvalle
RIC_389_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-17 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)23 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 x 29 mm 9.9 gr.
Legado Monetario C PLOTIUS RUFUS

Anv: "[CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "C·PLOT[IVS·RVFVS·III VIR A·A·]A·F·F·" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 15 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #389 Pag.71 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1680 Pag.330 - BMCRE #153 (=BMCRR #4639) - Cohen Vol.1 #504 Pag.137 - DVM #99d Pag.71 - CBN #503/12
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 427.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
mdelvalle
RIC_427_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-23 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)19 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 24 mm 8.3 gr.
Legado Monetario PLURIUS AGRIPPA

Anv: "[CA]ESAR AVGVS[T PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PLVRIVS AGRIPPA [III VIR A A A F F]" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #427 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1686 Pag.331 - BMCRE #209 - Cohen Vol.1 #445 Pag.126 - DVM #100a Pag.71 - CBN #623
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 431.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)74 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-24 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 28 mm 11.7 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST[PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 431_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)62 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
RIC_431_AS_Octavio_Augusto_1.jpg
01-25 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)22 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 25 mm 7.3 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "CAESAR AVGVST [PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "M SALVIVS OTH[O III VI]R A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #431 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 Pag.331 - BMCRE #226 (=BMCRR #4693) - Cohen Vol.1 #515 Pag.139 - DVM #100b Pag.71 - CBN #687
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 432.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)107 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
mdelvalle
RIC_432_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-26 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)25 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 27 mm 9.6 gr.
Legado Monetario M SALVIUS OTHO

Anv: "[CAE]SAR AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT]" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "M SALVI[VS OT]HO III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 7 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #432 Pag.75 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1685 var Pag.331 - Cohen Vol.1 #516 Pag.139 - DVM #100b var Pag.71 - CBN #708
mdelvalle
AS Augusto RIC 439.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 65 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
RIC_439_AS_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-28 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.) 24 viewsAE AS (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 23 mm 7.9 gr.
Legado Monetario SEX NONIUS QUINCTILIAN

Anv: "CAESAR AVG[VST PONT MAX TRI]BVNIC POT" - Busto a cabeza desnuda viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[SEX N]ONIVS QVINC[TIL]IAN III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C".
"SENATUS CONSULTO" - Era potestad del Senado la promulgación de la acuńación de las emisiones de bronce (cobre) - Ley Julia (19-15 A.C.)

Acuńada 6 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #439 Pag.76 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1687 Pag.331 - BMCRE #237 (=BMCRR #4667) - Cohen Vol.1 #474 Pag.76 - CBN #725
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 420.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)59 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuńada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
RIC_I_420v_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-38 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)16 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 17 mm 2.7 gr.
Legados Monetarios LAMIA, SILIUS y ANNIUS.

Anv: "LAMIA SILIVS ANNIVS" - Dos manos tomadas (Apretón de manos) que rodeán un Caduceo.
Rev: "III VIR A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Acuńada 9 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #420 var Pag.74 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #1693 Pag.332/3 - Cohen Vol.1 #338 Pag.108 - BMCRE #200 (=BMCRR #4617) - CBN #568
mdelvalle
Cuadrante AUGUSTO RIC 443var.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)78 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada ańo en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuńaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuńadores al permutar las leyendas
Acuńada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma
Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
RIC_I_447_Cuadrante_Octavio_Augusto.jpg
01-40 - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)24 viewsAE Cuadrante (Serie de los Triunviros Monetales) 18 mm 2.7 gr.
4 Legados Monetarios fueron designados cada ańo en 5 y 4 A.C., aunque curiosamente continuaron labrándose “triunviro III VIR”. Las cuńaciones en 5 A.C. (Legados APRONIUS, GALUS, MESSALLA y SISENNA) son desconcertantemente complejas, exhibiendo una multiplicidad de combinaciones de los cuatro nombres en anverso y reverso.

Anv: "MESSALLA SISENNA III VIR" - Leyenda alrededor de un yunque o altar.
Rev: "GALVS APRONIVS A A A F F" - Leyenda alrededor de gran "S C ".

Las leyendas NO coinciden con las listadas en toda la Bibliografía que poseo, solo en RIC Vol.1 Nota de pié de página 77 menciona que CBN #777/8 lista 2 "imitaciones" con la leyenda coincidente con esta moneda, al no lucir como imitaciones RIC las atribuye a simples confusiones de los acuńadores al permutar las leyendas

Acuńada 5 A.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.1 #447 var Pag.77 - CBN #777/8 (Como Imitaciones) - Sear RCTV #1699-1702 var Pag.333/4 - Cohen Vol.1 #420/25 var Pag.122 - DVM #110 var Pag.71 - BMCRE #258n
mdelvalle
0119.jpg
0119 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194-5 AC12 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ MONET AVG, Moneta draped, standing facing, head l., holding scales and cornucopia.

Ag, 18.3 mm, 2.81 g
Mint: Emesa (?).
BMCRE V/384 – RIC IV.1/411a [C]
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay june 2011 - art. #300568006682
dafnis
0207_RRR464_2.jpg
0207 - Denarius Carisia 46 BC24 viewsObv/ Head of Juno Moneta r.; behind, MONETA.
Rev/ Coinage tools, laurel wreath around; above, T CARISIVS.

Ag, 18.1 mm, 3.89 g
Mint: Roma
RRC 464/2 [120/133]
ex-Ibernumis, private sale
1 commentsdafnis
Istvan_V_,_((1245)1270-1272_A_D_),_STEPAN_REGIS,_MONETA,_H-342,_C1-284,_U-270,_Q-001,_1h,_15mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
024. H-342 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-342, CNH I.-284, U-270, AR-Denarius, Very Rare!65 views024. H-342 István V., (Stephen V.), King of Hungary, ((1245)1270-1272 A.D.), H-342, CNH I.-284, U-270, AR-Denarius, Very Rare!
avers: STЄPAN RЄGIS, King seated facing on the arch in a circle of dots, holding a cross, border of dots
reverse: Patriarchal cross amongst circles, dots, and M - O / ͶЄ - TA, the border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 1h,
mint: , date: 1270-1272 A.D., ref: Huszár-342, CNH I.-284, Unger-270, Very Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AE-AS_IMP-CAES-DOMITIAN-AVG-GERM-COS-XI_MONETA-AVGVST_RIC-new-303-Rome-85-AD_Q-001_26-28mm_11,34g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0303, RIC II(1962) 0270, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVST, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1319 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0303, RIC II(1962) 0270, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVST, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMITIAN-AVG-GERM-COS-XI, Laureate head of Domitian right, wearing aegis.
revers:- MONETA-AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, S-C across the field.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 26-28mm, weight: 11,34g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 85 A.D., ref: RIC 0303, RIC II(1962) 0270 p-188, C-325 corr.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AE-AS_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XII-CENS-PER-P-P_MONETA-AVGVSTI_RIC-493-Rome-86-AD_Q-001_26-28mm_10,20g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0493, RIC II(1962) 0335, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1318 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0493, RIC II(1962) 0335, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XII-CENS-PER-P-P, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- MONETA-AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 26-28mm, weight: 10,20g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 86 A.D., ref: RIC 0493, RIC II(1962) 0335 p-196, C-327,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Domitian_AE-AS_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XVI-CENS-PER-P-P_MONETA-AVGVSTI_S-C_RIC-II-408_RIC-New-756_C-333_Rome-92-94-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_27-28mm_10,84g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0756, RIC II(1962) 0408, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1286 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0756, RIC II(1962) 0408, AE-As, Rome, MONETA AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XVI-CENS-PER-P-P, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- MONETA-AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 26-28mm, weight: 10,84g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 92-94 A.D., ref: RIC 0756, RIC II(1962) 0408 p-205, C-333,
Q-001
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238-augustus as.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE as - struck by C. Plotius Rufus moneyer (15 BC)49 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (bare head right)
rev: C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 389, C.504 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
11.06gms, 28mm

The moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for striking (and) casting bronze, silver (and) copper (coins)". The title was abbreviated III. VIR. AAA. FF. on the coinage itself. These men were also known collectively known as the tresviri monetalis or sometimes, less correctly, as the triumviri monetales.
berserker
Karoly-Robert_U-362_Q-001_mm_g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01107 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Hungarian-Anjou shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1324 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362, CNH-2-054A, Huszár-446, Pohl-13,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karuli-1-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!72 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Anjou-Hungarian (!!!) shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.,
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//-- were struck by Ladislaus Gurhes, diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1323 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362b, Reverse shield !!!, CNH-2-054B, Huszár-446B, Pohl-12,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-365_C2-051_H-459_MONETA-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-001_3h_14mm_0,82g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #0184 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Crowned bust facing in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross on base; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: 14mm, weight: 0,82g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1325 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-365, , CNH-2-051, Huszár-459, Pohl-16,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-369_C2-013_H-465_K-enthroned_MONETA-RE(G)IS-KARVLI_1327-AD_Q-001_5h_12,9mm_0,46g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01167 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ MOnЄTA RЄIS KARVLI, Falcon with spread wings standing facing, in circle of dots, head right; border of dots. Without mint-mark.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12,9mm, weight: 0,46g, axis:5h,
mint: Hungary, ???, mint mark: No, date: 1327 A.D., ref: Unger-369, CNH-2-013, Huszár-465, Pohl-22,
This emission was referred to in contemporary sources as a denarius cum Aquila.
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-369_C2-013_H-465_K-enthroned_MONETA-RE(G)IS-KARVLI_1327-AD_Q-002_7h_13,2mm_0,68g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #02146 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-369, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ MOnЄTA RЄIS KARVLI, Falcon with spread wings standing facing, in circle of dots, head right; border of dots. Without mint-mark.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 13,2mm, weight: 0,68g, axis:7h,
mint: Hungary, ???, mint mark: No, date: 1327 A.D., ref: Unger-369, CNH-2-013, Huszár-465, Pohl-22,
This emission was referred to in contemporary sources as a denarius cum Aquila.
Q-002
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0176 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-003_15mm_0,53g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0362 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #03
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-003
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14,5mm_0,54g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #0174 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Dot middle on the face.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var1., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var-2_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,41g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #0173 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var2., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var3_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,56g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #0168 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Polka dot pattern in headscarves and neck.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var3., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-b_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,52g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432b, #0180 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432b, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Dot in the middle of the face.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (L-S), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: L/S//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432k, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-10,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,51g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #0178 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (--P), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/P//-- This mint mark was struck 1373-1375 by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432c, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-002_14mm_0,54g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #0267 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #02
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (--P), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/P//-- This mint mark was struck 1373-1375 by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,54g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432c, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08,
Q-002
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c-var_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_13,5mm_0,42g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c.var., #01117 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432-c.-var., #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (P--), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: P/-//-- This mint mark was struck by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,42g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1375 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432-c-var., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08-var,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-d_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432d, #0175 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432d, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (Lily-S), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Lily/S//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok (Schmöllnitz, now Smolnik Slovakia by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432d, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-09,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-fvar_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432f.-var, #0166 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432f.-var, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (Lily-Lily in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Lily/Lily//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, nowadays Kosice by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432f, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-03,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0182 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-002_13mm_0,45g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0297 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #02
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 13,0mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-002
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-i_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432i, #0173 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432i, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. One-one dot beside of the neck.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: •/•//-- (in avers !), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432i, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-07,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-j_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,47g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #0166 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (leaf-leaf below), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: leaf/leaf//--(below), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432j, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-11,
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I__U-432-k_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_4h_13mm_0,68g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432k, #01128 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432k, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Cross on the neck (mint/emission mark), Saracen's head left, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: +/-//--, diameter: 13,0mm, weight: 0,68g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432k, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-12,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-433_C2-89B_H-548_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-433, #0164 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-433, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross - with dots each corner - rising from crown at its base, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-433, CNH-2-089B, Huszár-548, Pohl-90,
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-c_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_C_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #0199 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. "C" above the shield (New mintmark !!!).
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437(?)(Not in)., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-(?)(Not in),
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-a_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOHICI_DEI-GRATIA-RHGARE_-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var., #01109 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOH(?)ICI (Legend variation), Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRATIA R HGARЄ (Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437a-var., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-1,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-b_C2-88_H-546_MOnETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_lily_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #0196 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRATIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. Lily above the shield.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437b., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-2,
Q-001
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Buda_Denar-Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U--_C2-100_H-509_Pohl-108_Shield_mOnETA-BVDEnSIUm_1350AD_Q-001_7h_11,5mm_0,25g-s.jpg
030a City Coin Buda with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Buda Denar, Pohl-108, #01 Very Rare!!!197 views030a City Coin Buda with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Buda Denar, Pohl-108, #01 Very Rare!!!
avers: No Legend, Hungarian-Anju shield amongst three arches, lilies between the arches; border of dots, without mint-mark.
reverse: ✠ mOnЄTA BVDЄnSIVm (left to right), large "L", border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, City coin Buda, date: 1350 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger---, CNH-2-100, Huszár-509, Pohl-108,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U--_C2-106_H-561_Pohl-097_LODOVICI_RVnGARIE_mOnETA-RVSSIE_Kopicki-3063(R5)-370-82_AD-Q-001_0h_18,2-19,7mm_1,03g-s.jpg
030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!181 views030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!
avers: ✠ LODVICI ° RVnGARIЄ °, Large "L" amongst circles in quatrefoil, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ mOnЄTA : RVSSIЄ : (SS are reverse), lion standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 18,2-19,7mm, weight: 1,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Provincial Coin, Russia, date: 1370-1382 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger---, CNH-2-106, Huszár-561, Pohl-097, Kopicki-3063 (R5),
Q-001
quadrans
Maria-(1382-1387(1395)_AD)_U-443-l-var-1_C2-116_H-569_cross-mARIA_R_VnGARI_cross-mOnETA_mARIE_S_Q-001_7h_14mm_0,44g-s.jpg
031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-443-l., #01114 views031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-443-l., #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA•mARIЄ, Patriarchal cross (inside of border of dots) with dots each corner, border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ mARIA•R•VnGARI, Crown in circle of dots, mint-master's mark (S) below, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//S, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Syrmien?, (by Pohl), date: 1386-1395A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-443-l., CNH-2-116, Huszár-569, Pohl-114-11,
Q-001

Mária (Mary) of Anjou
quadrans
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_MONETA-AVG_RIC-II-256-p-369_C-966_134-138-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0256, Rome, AR-Denarius, MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, #170 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0256, Rome, AR-Denarius, MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right, draped far shoulder.
revers:- MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 256, p-369, RSC 967, BMCRE ,
Q-001
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Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_MONETA-AVG_RIC-II-256-p-369_C-966_134-138-AD_Q-002_6h_17,5-18mm_3,46g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0256, Rome, AR-Denarius, MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, #2127 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0256, Rome, AR-Denarius, MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, #2
avers:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right, draped far shoulder.
revers:- MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 256, p-369, RSC 967, BMCRE ,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Zsigmond,_(1387-1437_AD),_AR-Den,_H-575,_C2-120A,_U-448,_P-116,_mOnETSIGISmVnDI,_REGISVnGARIE,_1387-9AD,_Q-001,_4h,_13,2-14,2mm,_0_62g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-575, C2-120A, U-448, P-116, Rare! #0164 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-575, C2-120A, U-448, P-116, Rare! #01
avers: ✠mOnЄT SIGISmVnDI, Patriarchal (short!) cross.
reverse: ✠•RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ, Four-part shield, Árpádian stripes, and Brandenburg eagle.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 13,2-14,2mm, weight: 0,62g, axis:4h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, Moneyer: Onforio Bardi(?) (by Pohl), date: 1387-1389 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-575, CNH-2-120A, Unger-448, Pohl-116, Rare!
Q-001

Sigismund of Luxemburg
quadrans
Zsigmond,_(1387-1437_AD),_AR-Den,_H-575,_C2-120A,_U-448,_P-116,_mOnETSIGISmVnDI,_REGISVnGARIE_ET_C_,_1387-9AD,_Q-001,_6h,_13,5mm,_0_39g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-575/576, C2-120A/121A, U-448/449, P-116/117, Hybrid variation, Very Rare!!! #0163 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-575/576, C2-120A/121A, U-448/449, P-116/117, Hybrid variation, Very Rare!!! #01
avers: ✠mOnЄT SIGISmVnDI, Patriarchal (short!) cross.
reverse: ✠•RЄGIS VnGARIЄ ЄT C, Four-part shield, Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle. The reverse legend is the same as the Huszár-576, CNH-2-121A, Unger-449, Pohl-117,
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, Moneyer: Onforio Bardi(?) (by Pohl), date: 1387-1389 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-575/576, CNH-2-120A/121, Unger-448/449, Pohl-116/117, Hybrid denar, Very Rare !!!
Q-001

Sigismund of Luxemburg
1 commentsquadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD)_Den_U-459-a_C2-134_H-591_MOnETA-ALBERTI_REGIS-_-VnGARIE-_-ETC_Q-001_16mm_0,63g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #0182 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-459-a., #01
avers: mOnЄTA ALBЄRTI, Patriarchal Cross, C-K, circle; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•C•, circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: C/K//--, diameter: 16mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1438 A.D. (by Pohl),
ref: Unger-459-a., CNH-2-134, Huszár-591, Pohl-126-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo-I__(1440-1444_AD)_AR-Denar_U-470f-C2-141_H-605_1442-AD_mOnETA_WLADISLAI_DEI_GR_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_CETERA_B-P_Q-001_10h_19,5-20mm_0,97g-s.jpg
035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-470-f., #01168 views035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-470-f., #01
avers: *mOnЄTA•WLADISLAI•DЄI•GR, Crowned, Polish eagle standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: ✠RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•CЄTЄRA, Crowned, two-part Hungarian shield (stripes and patriarchal cross) in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/P//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,75g, axis:1h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date:1442 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-470-f., CNH-2-141, Huszár-605, Pohl-141-06,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo-I__(1440-1444_AD)_AR-Denar_U-475_g-C2-143A_H-609_1444-AD_mOnETA_WLADIS-LAI_DEI_G_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_CETER_B-n-star_Q-001_3h_18,5mm_0,96g-s.jpg
035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-g., #01112 views035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-g., #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•WLADISLAI•DЄI•G, Polish eagle standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: ✠RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•CЄTЄR, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes and patriarchal cross) in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/*/n//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 0,96g, axis:3h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date:1444 A.D. (byPohl), ref: Unger-475-g., CNH-2-143A, Huszár-609, Pohl-147-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo-I__(1440-1444_AD)_AR-Denar_U-475_j-C2-143A_H-609_1444-AD_mOnETA_WLADIS-LAI_DE_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_CE_G-n_Q-001_1h_17,5mm_0,75ga-s.jpg
035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-j., #01139 views035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-j., #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•WLADISLAI•DЄI, Polish eagle standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: ✠RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•CЄT, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes and patriarchal cross) in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: G/B//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,75g, axis:1h,
mint: Hungary, Keve, (Cuvin, today Romania, by Pohl), date: 1444 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-475-j., CNH-2-143A, Huszár-609, Pohl-147-07,
Q-001
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Iohannes-Hunyadi-a.gif
036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, reverse, please click on the picture,153 views036 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486.g, reverse, please click on the picture,
avers:
reverse: ✠ MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (•/h-S); border of dots.
diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, mint mark: •/h-S, by (Pohl).
date: 1447-1450 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-486.g, CNH-2-157A, Huszár-620,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-486_d_C2-157A_H-620_TEMPORE-IO-_-GVBERnATOR-_-_Rozetta-MOnETA-_-REGnI-_-VnGARIE_Q-001_19mm_0,72g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01 113 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-486-d., Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-S, #01
avers: ✠TEMPORE•IO•GVBERnATOR, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle; border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/S//-- were strucked by Stephanus Mikola, diameter: mm, weight: 0,00g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1447-1451 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-486-d., CNH-2-157A, Huszar-620, Pohl-177-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_Den_U-487_C2-157C_H-623_Q-001_19mm_0,72ga-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01104 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-487, Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, B-I, #01
avers: •TEMPORE IO•GVBERnATOR, Bohemian Lion advancing left in circle, without crown, border of dots.
reverse: Rozette MOnETA•REGnI•VnGARIE, Patriarchal cross, in circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//-- were strucked by Iohannes Münczer (by Pohl), diameter: 19mm, weight: 0,72g,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1451-1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-487, CNH-2-157C, Huszár-623, Pohl-179,
Q-001
quadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-500_C2-193_H-649_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s~0.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-500-b., #01106 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-500-b., #01
avers: ✠mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•GRA, Hungarian Shield three parts left Árpádian stripes, and right Lion over the Patriarchal cross, C-G, circle, border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ETCETERA, Winged eagle, at the breast band shield, circle, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: C/G//-- were strucked by Augustin Greniczer (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, today Kosice by Pohl), date:1442-1443 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-500-b., CNH-2-193, Huszár-649, Pohl-156-01,
Q-001
quadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-503_C2---_H-653_Q-001_9h_17,5mm_54g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!224 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-503, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: ✠mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•G, Hungarian Shield two parts left Árpádian stripes, and right the Patriarchal cross, K-G, circle, border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ETCT, Hungarian shield.
exergue, mint mark: K/G//-- were struck by Johannes Constorfer (by Pohl), diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,54g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöczbánya (Kremnitz,), date:1452 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-503-b., CNH-2-Not in, Huszár-653, Pohl-167, Extremely Rare!!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
038_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_Throne_require_(1440-1453)_Denar_U-505b_C2-183_H-654_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-505-b., #0186 views038 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as Throne Require of Hungary, (1440-1453 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-505-b., #01
avers: rosette mOnETA•LADISLAI•DEI•G, Patriarchal Cross, K-P over +, circle ; border of dots.
reverse: ✠REGIS•VnGARIE•ET•CETERA, Crowned Bohemian Lion advancing left, circle, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: K/+ over P//-- were struck by Petrus Jung (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, by Pohl), date:1447-1450 A.D., ref: Unger-505-b., CNH-2-183, Huszár-654, Pohl-160-01,
Q-001
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hadrian_ar-denarius_-scales_feb2012.jpg
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Moneta standing.36 views~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian ( 117 - 138 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAJAN HADRIANUS AUG - Laureate head of Emperor Hadrian facing right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Moneta (?) standing holding scales in one hand and cornucopia in other.

3.1 Grams
~~~
~
2 commentsrexesq
Matyas-Hunyadi_Den_U-554-b_C1-218_H-702_MOnETA_MAThIE_DE_REGIS_h_-UnGARIE_Q-001_h_xmm_0,58ga-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554-b., #0197 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-554-b., #01
avers: ✠•MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes, patriarchal cross) in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•h VnGARIAЄ•, Patriarchal cross in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side (B-S); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/S//-- were struck by Stephan Kovách (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1461 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-554-b., CNH-2-218, Huszár-702, Pohl 202-01,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi,_AR-Den,_H-706,_C2-228,_U-556_a,_P-206-1,_mOnETA_mAThIE_D_EI_G,_REGIS_hV_nGARIE_,_B-E,_Q-001,_6h,_14,5-15,5mm,_0,71g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.a., P-206-01, #0166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.a., P-206-01, #01
avers: ✠•mONЄTA•mAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ, Patriarchal cross in a circle, mint-mark on each side (B-Є); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/Є//-- were struck by Johannes Ernuszt (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5-15,5mm, weight: 0,712g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556.a., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-01,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Den_U-556-b_C2-228_H-706_MOnETA-_-MAThIE-_-D-_-EI-_-G-_-_REGIS-_-hV-nGARIE-_-_Q-001_17mm_0_59ga-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.b., P-206-02, #01103 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.b., P-206-02, #01
avers: ✠•MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ•, Patriarchal cross in a circle, mint-mark on each side (B-I); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: B/I//--, diameter: 15mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556-b., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Den_U-556-h_C2-228_H-706_mOnETA_mAThIE_D_EI_G,_REGIS_hV-nGARIE_,_n-E,_Q-002,_2h,_13-14mm,_0,72g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #02179 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #02
avers: ✠•mONЄTA•mAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (n-Є); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: n/Є//-- were struck by Emericus Szapolyai (by Pohl), diameter: 13,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,72g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare, by Pohl), date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556-h., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-08,
Q-002
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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOnETA_mAThIE_R_VnGARIE_PATROnA-VnGARIAE_K_K-on-Shield_Q-001_9h_16,5mm_0,71g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01104 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA-mAThIЄ•R•VnGARIЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,71g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_MAThIE_R_VnG_PATROnA-VnGARIAE_K_K-on-Shield_Q-002_10h_16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02115 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #02
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIAЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-002

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_mAThIE_R_VnG_PATROnA-VnGARI_K_K-on-Shield_Q-003_3h_15-16,5mm_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03122 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #03
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnG, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROnA VnGARI, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-003

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_562h_C2-235A_H-717_mOneTA_mAThIE_R_VnGAR__PATROnA-VnGARI__K_K-on-Shield_Q-004_5h_16-16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04121 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.h., Madonna and child, #04
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•VnGAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ K over Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0-16,5mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1468 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.h., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-08,
Q-004

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_564_c_C2-234_H-718_mOnETA_mAThIE_R_VnGARI__PATROn-VnGARI__K_Sigma_Q-001_6h_16mm_0,46g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #0196 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-564.c., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•R•hVnGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: •PATROn VnGARI•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots, (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: K/ G//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 16,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1472-1478 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-564.c., CNH-2-234, Huszár-718, Pohl-219-03,
Q-001

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Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-d_C2-213A-E_H-692-695_P-193-2,_mOnETA_mAThIE_REIS_hVnOAR,_PATROnA_VnGARIE,_1479-85_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_26,5mm,_2,9g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01166 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.d-var., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄIS•hVnOAR, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads(two!!), Crown(!!) and Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legends error! "•RЄIS•hVnOAR" instead of "•RЄGIS•hVnGAR" and variation!)
reverse: PATROnA VnGARIЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ Shield//--, were struck by Johannes Constorfer, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 2,9g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1469 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.d-var., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-692, Pohl-193-02,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Garas_U_550-j_C2-213A-E_H-695_P-197-05_mOnETA_mAThIE_REGIS_Vn__PATROnA-hVnGARIE__1479-85_AD_Q-001_4h_26,0mm_3,05g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01155 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Gross, U-550.j., Madonna and child, #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•mAThIЄ•RЄGIS•Vn, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, (three!) Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak. (Legend variation!)
reverse: •PATROnA hVnGARIЄ•, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.(Legend variation!)
exergue, mint mark: K/ V/A//--, were struck by Veit Mühlstein and Augustin Langsfelder, kammergraf, (by Pohl), diameter: 26,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica) by Pohl,
date: 1479-1485 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-550.j., CNH-2-213A-Evar., Huszár-695, Pohl-219-05,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Ladislaus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1521_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #0177 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1521, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1521) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1521 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
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Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-a_C2-308A_H-846_L-B-1523_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #0186 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-a., Madonna and child, L-B, 1523, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1523) above the shield, and rozette with five petals between two small circle on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-B) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/B//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1523 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-675-a., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-01, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lajos-II__(1516-1526_AD)_(Lodovicus_II,_Jagiellon)_Denar_U-675-e_C2-308A_H-846_L-K-1522_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #0171 views042 Lajos II. (Lodovicus II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1516-1526 A.D.) AR Denar, U-675-e., Madonna and child, L-K, 1522, #01
avers:- Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Polish eagle in inner shield. The date (1522) above the shield between two flower, and flower with five petals between two dots on each side, border of dots.
revers:- Crowned Madonna seated facing, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark (L-K) on each side; border of dots.
exe, mint mark: L/K//-- diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica, by Pohl), date: 1522 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-675-e., CNH-2-308A, Huszar-846, Pohl-258-02, "Moneta Nova"
Q-001
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RI 044a img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC 25658 viewsObv:– HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Hadrian, laureate bust facing right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
Reference RIC 256
(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI_044u_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC 025622 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Bare head right
Rev:- MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Rome. A.D. 137
Reference:– BMCRE 677. RIC 256. RSC 965.
maridvnvm
046.jpg
044 POSTUMUS7 viewsEMPEROR: Postumus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae.
DATE: 260-268 AD
MINT: Cologne
WEIGHT: 3.55 g
RIC: V.II.75
Barnaba6
Rudolf_(1576-1608_AD),_AR-Gross,_1601,_N-B,_H-1049,_CNH_III__150,_U-805,_Q-001,_11h,_23,5-24mm,_1,56g-s.jpg
046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!128 views046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!
avers: ֍ RVDOL•II•D:G•RO•IM•S•AV•GE•HVN•B•R•, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. N-B crossed the field.
reverse: •MONETA•NOVA•ANNODOMINI•1601, Ornamented, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield is Austrian shield. All in
diameter: 23,5-24,0mm, weight: 1,56g, axis: 11h,
exergue, mint mark: N/B//--, mint: Nagybánya, (today Romania: Baia Mare), date: 1601 A.D.,
ref: Huszár-1049, CNH III.-150, Unger-805,
Q-001
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48a.jpg
048a Caracalla. AR Denarius26 viewsobv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT laur. head r.
rev: MONETA AVG Moneta std. l. holding scales and cornucopiae
hill132
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II_MONE-T-AVG_RIC-IV-I-411a_C-346_Emesa-194AD_Q-001_axis-0h_16,5-17mm_3,34g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #1219 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MONE-T-AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,37g, axis: 0h ,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-411, p-146, C-346, S-,
Q-001
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Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II_MONE-T-AVG_RIC-IV-I-411a_C-346_Emesa-194AD_Q-002_axis-0h_16,5-17mm_3,34g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #2264 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #2
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MONE-T-AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 0h ,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-411, p-146, C-346, S-,
Q-002
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAE-L-SEP-SE-V-PERT-AVG-COS-II_M-ONET-AVG_RIC-IV-I-411a-p_C-346-Emesa-194AD_Q-003_axis-11h_17,5mm_3,30g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #3278 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 411, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, MONET AVG, Scarce, Moneta left, #3
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- MONE-T-AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,30g, axis: 11h ,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-411, p-146, C-346, S-,
Q-003
quadrans
RI_064sx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous denarius - copies RIC - (cf 484(a) 33 viewsBarbarous Denarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVE PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– MONE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Barbarous copy imitating coins minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196-197
Reference:– Copies similar to BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ts_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O1 - RIC -32 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064az_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC -, RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064jl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

2.68g, 18.49mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064dp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -39 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

3.31g, 19.11mm, 0o

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
RI_064es_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -40 viewsObv:– IMP CE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVC, Fides (sometimes referred to as Bonus Eventus) standing left holding basket of fruit and corn ears.
Minted in Emesa, Late A.D. 193 or Early A.D. 194
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.

2.47g, 18.29mm, 0o

This obverse legend variety makes it into RIC and BMCRE as a noted legend mixed in with the COS I series of A.D. 193 in association with a MANET AVG and a MONETAE AVG both cited from RD, where one example of each is listed. The reverse legend BONI EVENTVC is noted in RD as a var. of Cohen 68, which is listed with the COS II obverse legend with a single example listed and is listed in RIC from the RD hoards as a known variant of RIC 369.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064id img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MON-E-T AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -
maridvnvm
RI_064fl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -50 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.72g. 17.78mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"Die match to example in British Museum, found at the site of a Roman villa in Kent, GB, in 1952. The same obv. die also occurs with the types MONETA AVG and LEG III IT AVG TR P COS.
Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II CO, Laureate head right
Rev: – MONETAE AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– Cohen -. BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

1.76g, 18.05mm, 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064tt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -7 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– BONETAE AVG (sic), Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference(s) – RIC - (unlisted cf. 359A, which is scarce citing RD). RSC -. BMCRE - .

A reverse die match to my example with the AVG II C obverse legend
maridvnvm
RI_064il_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CE L SEP SEV PEPT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG II COS, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.

3.18g, 18.87mm, 0o

Rare shortened, errored obverse legend combined with a rare reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064nl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -44 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064im_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONEI (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

Note MONEI instead of MONET
Martin Griffiths
RI_064jp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC -, RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064jh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVAE(sic) REDVCI, Moneta/Aequitas standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

2.99g, 17.53mm, 180o

Additional comments from Curtis Clay - "This combination of the FORTVNAE REDVCI legend with a type of Aequitas is reported on a denarius of Pescennius Niger by Cohen 25 (in a private collection), but does not seem to have been attested before for either Septimius Severus or Julia Domna, at least I can't find any such coin in BMC or RSC."
maridvnvm
RI_064ky_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II CO, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA-E AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

3.28g, 18.99mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI_064gs_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONETAE AVG (sic), Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMC -.

3.16g, 18.53mm, 0o

Die match to an example in the Barry Murphy collection.
maridvnvm
RI_064pb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -29 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -12 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV - PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN REDVC, Aequitas/Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064sf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -9 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SPE(sic) SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
References:- RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.
maridvnvm
RI_064ql_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC - (RIC 411b is AVG II C with MONETA AVG, RIC 412 is MONETAE AVG but with Obv Leg. CO II), BMCRE - (BMCRE 380 note var., which is RIC 411b above). RSC -

Very rare obverse legend variety
maridvnvm
RI_064rg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - RIC -31 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT - AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
maridvnvm
RI_064rn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONEI (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

Note MONEI instead of MONET
maridvnvm
RI_064sk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -14 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064sn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Denarius - RIC -18 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEVER PERT - AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMC 448 Note (citing Cohen 332 (no authority cited)). RIC - (cf 484(a) (rated S)). Cohen 332
maridvnvm
RI_064ok_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -. cf RIC 411a19 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right
Rev:– MONTE (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 – A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -. This error not noted. cf. BMC 380ff. RIC 411a. RSC 330 .

This error not noted in any of the major references.
maridvnvm
RI 064cs img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 350A23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE pg 83, RIC 350A (Rare), RSC 338a

[SOLD]
maridvnvm
RI_064mp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a15 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMC 380ff. RIC 411a. RSC 330.
maridvnvm
RI_064mt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a18 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMC 380ff. RIC 411a. RSC 330.
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a29 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMC 380ff. RIC 411a. RSC 330
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064ay img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a (example 1)31 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 380ff, VM 84, RIC 411a, RCV02 6314, RSC 330
maridvnvm
RI 064ci img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a (example 2) 21 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 380ff, VM 84, RIC 411a, RCV02 6314, RSC 330

Worn obverse dies giving the impression of somewhat crude style, the original obverse die is actually very nice in style.
maridvnvm
RI 064ct img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 411a (example 3)29 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 380ff, VM 84, RIC 411a, RCV02 6314, RSC 330
maridvnvm
RI_064kj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 412 corr19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA .. AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC 412 corr., RSC -

RIC 412 is noted as MONETA II AVG which is an odd legend. I have three examples of this reverse die (two of Severus and one of Domna) that show that this legend is in fact MONETA .. AVG where the two dots have been misread as II.
maridvnvm
RI_064ta_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 412 corr23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA .. AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– RIC 412 corr., RSC -

RIC 412 is noted as MONETA II AVG which is an odd legend. I have three examples of this reverse die (two of Severus and one of Domna) that show that this legend is in fact MONETA .. AVG where the two dots have been misread as II.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 42832 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICTOR S-EV-ER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Emesa. Early A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE 399. RIC IV 428 (S). RSC 749

Obverse die match to my Moneta seated MONET AVG coins.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064if img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45929 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 459
maridvnvm
RI_064if_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 4594 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 459
maridvnvm
RI_064ir_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 note10 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC 459 note (citing RD). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064js_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 note7 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC 459 note (citing RD). RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI 064et img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 var28 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 459 var (PERT instead of PERTE), RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064iq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 var26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 459 var (PERET instead of PERTE), RSC -
maridvnvm
RI_064et_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 459 var3 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 459 var (PERT instead of PERTE), RSC -
maridvnvm
RI 064ck img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 484(a)26 viewsObv:–L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– RIC 484(a) (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_064mc_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 484(a)28 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VII-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMC 448-9. RIC 484(a) (S). RSC cf. 332.
maridvnvm
RI_064ck_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 484(a)7 viewsObv:–L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– M-ONET AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– RIC 484(a) (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 064bj img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 510a36 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA AVGG, Moneta seated left with scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 - 202
References:– RIC 510a (Common), RSC 345
maridvnvm
RI_064lw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 510a12 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONETA AVGG, Moneta seated left with scales & cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 198 - 202
Reference:– RIC IV 510a. RSC 345
maridvnvm
RI_064ex_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)

2.88g, 19.17mm, 0o

Ex. J. Malter collection
maridvnvm
RI_064mi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)66 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET AVG, Moneta seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC Page 139 (-) (this reverse type not listed for COS I)
maridvnvm
RI 064bs img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (7b) 33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE. - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET.A.E AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– BMC Page 90 (j), RIC Page 139 (7b) (Scarce), RSC 347c

Shares the same obverse die as a coin in the Doug Smith Denarius with a different reverse die

[SOLD]
maridvnvm
RI_064gd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (7b)24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE. - V PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– MONET.A.E AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– BMC Page 90 (j), RIC Page 139 (7b) (Scarce), RSC 347c

2.53g, 17.61mm, 0o

Shares the same obverse die as a coin in the Doug Smith Denarius with a different reverse die
maridvnvm
RI_065ak_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– MONETAE AVG II COS, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – RIC -; BMCRE -; RSC -.

One of the rare dated reverse series. The third known example, others in Paris and Vienna. Die match to the Paris example.
Martin Griffiths
RI 065al img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61020 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– BMCRE 329. RIC IV 610. RSC 144
maridvnvm
RI_065al_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61019 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 193-196
Reference:– BMCRE 329. RIC IV 610 (Rated R2). RSC 144
maridvnvm
RI_065bk_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61019 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales and cornucopia
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 193-196
Reference(s) – BMCRE 329 (Lincoln 1927, appears to be a die pair match). RIC IV 610 (Rated R2, citing Cohen). Cohen 143.

A dark blue-black tone. Finder's spade mark on obverse.
maridvnvm
RI_065z_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 628 var.21 viewsObv:– IVLA (sic) DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta, seated left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC 628 var (Not listed in RIC with this error in the obverse legend)
Martin Griffiths
RI 066aj img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 22438 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left holding scales and Cornucopiae
Reference:– RIC 224. RSC 165.

SOLD
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077ax_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander, Sestertius - RIC 58620 viewsObv:- IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- MONETA_AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta draped, standing front, head left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left; fold of drapery over left arm; at foot left, die?.
Minted in Rome.
Reference:- RIC 586 (Rated R). BMC 204.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
V1088.jpg
08a Domitian as Caesar RIC-108886 viewsAR Denarius, 3.14g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta std. l., with Palladium and sceptre
RIC 1088 (R3). BMC p. 46 note. RSC 379. BNC -.
Ex Den of Antiquity (eBay), October 2012.

A very rare (4th known) left facing portrait of the common Vesta and Palladium reverse. It is listed in Cohen as 379 (citing lot 784 of the de Moustier Sale of 1872) , although the new RIC states it is unverified (?). The lone example cited by RIC is in G. Mazzini's Monete imperiali romane, vol. 1. Also, Curtis Clay has a specimen, same die pair as mine. Left facing portraits of Domitian are extremely rare, especially those as Caesar.

Worn but all the major devices are visible.

Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution help!
David Atherton
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_MONETA-AVG_RIC-V-II-75a-p-343_C-199_260-69-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5mm_4,11ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 75v., AE-Antoninianus, MONETA AVG, Moneta left, #1204 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 75v., AE-Antoninianus, MONETA AVG, Moneta left, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
reverse: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left,
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 4,11g, axes: 6h,
mint: ???, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 75v., RSC 199a, Sear 3116, (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
Q-001
quadrans
coins27.JPG
103. Hadrian20 viewsHadrian Ć AS. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, radiate bust right, drapery on far shoulder / MONETA AVGVSTI S-C, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae.

Check
ecoli
106a.jpg
106a Diocletian. AE follis21 viewsobv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta std. l. holding scales and cornucopia
ex: -V//AQS
hill132
110h.jpg
110h Maximianus Herculius. AE follis25 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONETA VCC ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta l. holding scales and cornucopiae
ex: -V/AQP
hill132
111d.jpg
111d Galerius Maximianus. AE follis 48 viewsobv: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES laur. head r.
rev: SACRA MONETA VCC ET CAESS NOSTR Moneta holding scales ad cornucopiae
ex:*-A/SIS
hill132
Diocletianus_AE-27_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_SACRA-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_-V_AQP_Aquilea-RIC-VI-31a_p-_301-AD_Q-001_6h_26-27mm_7,73g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VI 031a, AE-Follis, -/V//AQP, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1125 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VI 031a, AE-Follis, -/V//AQP, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: -/V//AQP, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 7,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 31a, p-,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-27_Siscia-RIC-VI-134a_p-469_301-AD_Q-001_6h_27-29mm_8,58g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 134a, AE-Follis, */Γ/SIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1102 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 134a, AE-Follis, */Γ/SIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: */Γ/SIS, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 5,85g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 134a, p-469,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AE-29_IMP-DIOCLETIANVS-P-F-AVG_SACRA-MONET-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-NOSTR_-A_CrescSIS_Siscia-RIC-VI-138a_var__p-469_303-AD_Q-001_1h_28-29,5mm_9,56-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 138a, AE-Follis, -/A/ᴗSIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1130 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VI 138a, AE-Follis, -/A/ᴗSIS, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: SACRA MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exergue: -/A/ᴗSIS, diameter: 28,0-29,5mm, weight: 9,56g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date:303 (?) A.D., ref: RIC VI 138a, p-469,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_III_AQGamma_RIC_VI_36a_p-316_Aquilea_302-303_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #164 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 036a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/VI//AQΓ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date:302-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 036a, p-316,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACR-MONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_Star-Gamma_SIS_RIC_VI_135a_p-469_Siscia_301_AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #172 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VI 135a, AE-1 Follis, SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACR MONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: */Γ//SIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, date:301 A.D., ref: RIC VI 135a, p-469,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_SACRAMONET-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NOSTR_PTdot_RIC_VI_46a_p-286_Ticinum_300-303_AD_Q-001_axis-11h_25,5-26,5mm_8,60g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1270 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 046a, AE-1 Follis, SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- SACRAMONET AVG G ET CAES S NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//PT•, diameter: 25,5-26,5mm, weight: 8,60g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date:300-303 A.D., ref: RIC VI 046a,,
Q-001
quadrans
1280_-1286_Alexander_III_AR_Penny_SCOTLAND.JPG
1249 - 1286, Alexander III, AR Penny, Struck 1280 - 1286 at Roxburgh, Scotland16 viewsObverse: + ALEXANDER DEI GRA . Crowned head of Alexander III facing left within circle of pellets; sceptre topped with fleur-de-lis before. Cross potent in legend.
Reverse: REX SCOTORVM +. Long cross pattée dividing legend into quarters, with three pierced mullets of six points and one mullet of seven points in quarters of inner circle. The total of 25 points is indicative of the mint of Roxburgh.
Class Mb with unbarred “A”, wider portrait and cross potent mintmark in legend.
Roxburgh only accounts for some 9% of Alexander's second coinage so issues from this mint are quite rare.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 3
SPINK: 5054

Alexander III's reign saw the introduction of the round halfpenny and farthing to Scottish medieval coinage.
Following the English recoinage of Edward I in 1279, Alexander introduced his second coinage which began in 1280 and ended when he died in 1286. This coin was therefore struck between those dates.

Alexander III was born at Roxburgh, he came to the throne when he was just 7 years old following the death of his father, Alexander II.
At the age of ten, in 1251, Alexander married Margaret, daughter of Henry III of England. Henry seized the opportunity to demand from his son-in-law homage from the Scottish kingdom. Alexander did not comply but In 1255, after a meeting between the English and Scottish kings at Kelso, he was compelled to consent to the creation of a regency representative of both monarchs.
The early years of Alexander III’s reign were dominated by a power struggle between the two factions, but when he reached the age of 21 he was able to rule in his own right. His first action was to claim control of the Western Isles which were then under the domination of Norway. The Norwegian King Haakon rejected the claim, and in 1263, responded with a formidable invasion force which sailed around the west coast of Scotland and halted off the Isle of Arran. Alexander craftily delayed negotiations until the autumn storms began which resulted in the Norwegian ships being greatly damaged. Haakon, losing patience, attacked the Scots at Largs, but the battle proved indecisive and his position became hopeless. The Norwegians set sail for home but Haakon died en route, on Orkney, towards the end of the year. In 1266, at the Treaty of Perth, Norway formally ceded the Western Isles and the Isle of Man to Scotland in return for a monetary payment.
Alexander, when only 44 years old, met his end on the night of 19th March 1286. After entertaining guests at Edinburgh Castle he decided that night that he would return home to his wife near Kinghorn. His aides advised against it because there was a storm and the party would have to travel in darkness for many miles along a treacherous coastal path. Alexander was determined to travel anyway and ignored his advisors. It is not clear what happened, but it seems he got separated from the rest of his group and his horse lost its footing in the dark. The following day Alexander's body, and that of his horse, was found on the shore at the foot of the cliffs, the King's neck was broken. In 1886, a monument to him was erected in Kinghorn, on the side of the cliffs, at the approximate location of Alexander's death.
Alexander had no heirs, which ultimately led to a war with England that lasted almost thirty years.
1 comments*Alex
RI 132kp img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 435 var (Ticinum) (QXXT) 86 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left in elaborate cuirass decorated with Medusa medallion & holding Vitoriola (Victory on globe, facing left, holding wreath) in right hand, palm up
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear and leaning on shield
Minted in Ticinum(QXXT) Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 276
Reference:– Cohen unlisted. RIC 435 var. (This bust type not listed in RIC or Cohen)
Die match is illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11
2 commentsmaridvnvm
CTGDafne.jpg
1403c, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.49 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC VII 35, choice aEF, Constantinople mint, 3.336g, 20.0mm, 180o, 328 A.D.; Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: CONSTANTINI-ANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, CONS in exergue, B left; scarce. Ex FORVM.

"The information about Constantine's campaign across [the Danube] is obscure and untrustworthy. The question, therefore, of what he achieved by this enterprise was, and is, subject to contradictory interpretations. On the one hand, the Panegyrists claimed that he had repeated the triumphs of Trajan. On the other, his own nephew, Julian the Apostate, spoke for many when he expressed the view that this second 'conquest' of Dacia was incomplete and extremely brief . . . monetary commemoration was accorded to the building, at about the same time [AD 328], of the river frontier fortress of Constantiniana Dafne (Spantov, near Oltenita) . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix, 1998. 58-9).

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
1 commentsCleisthenes
Philip-I-Prieur-304.jpg
15. Philip I.20 viewsTetradrachm, 244 AD, Antioch.
Obverse: AVTOK K M IOVΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOV CEB / Laureate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: ΔHMAPX EΞOVCIAC / Eagle standing, holding wreath in its beak. S C in field under wings; MON VRB in exergue.
16.39 gm., 26 mm.
Prieur #304.

In his Moneta Urbis - Antioxia (Frankfurt, 1969), H. R. Baldus advances the theory that Philip's MONVRB coinage was minted in Rome. This theory is now generally accepted.
Callimachus
1794_III_Grossi_s.jpg
1794 - III Grossi529 viewsGalicia & Lodomeria - Galician Poland
Obv: MONET AER EXERCIT CAES REG - Crowned double headed Russian eagle,
small shield on breast, above crossed flags.
Rev: III GROSSI POL - Value, Date above sprigs.
Size: 26mm; 9.97gms
This coin was minted in 1794 during the 2nd partition of Poland,
it seems that General Kosciusko, of Poland,(Later of the Kosciusko Bridge fame),
after assisting the Continental army during the American revolution,
went back to Poland and became a nationalist and didn't like the terms of 2nd partition.
He led a revolt of the Polish army and peasants in 1794, known as the "Kosciusko uprising",
against the Austrians, who were taking over Galicia, as per terms of the 2nd partition.
This coin was minted, by Austria, for the Austrian army,
for purchases what was still Polish Galicia. Later to become Austrian Galicia.
It was made specifically for Galicia in 1794,
the year Galicia stopped being Polish and was acquired by Austria.
To me this coin represents the beginning of Austrian Galicia
and the reason I am Austrian and not Polish.

Please advise of corrections to this brief history.
Brian L
DSC06634-horz.jpg
18-01 - Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (62 A.C)36 viewsAR Denarius 19 mm 3.9 gr

Este Magistrado Monetario era el hermano mayor de M. Aemilius Lepidus, que con posterioridad se convertiría en uno de los tres triúnviros junto a Octavio y Marco Antonio.
Esta emisión conmemora las victorias de L. Aemilius Paullus, supuesto ancestro del Magistrado Monetario. La palabra TER en el reverso, significa "Tertia", lo que referiría a los tres triunfos; en Espańa en 190 A.C., Liguria en 181 A.C. y la famosa batalla de de Pydna en 168 A.C., donde los romanos extinguieron el reino independiente de Macedonia..

Anv: "PAVLLVS LEPIDVS - CONCORDIA", Busto de Concordia a der., vistiendo velo y diadema.
Rev: "TER" sobre, "PAVLLVS" en exergo. El ancestro del Magistrado, L. Aemilius Lepidus, vistiendo toga y estante a la izquierda de un trofeo de armas, a la derecha del mismo el Rey Perseo de Macedonia y sus dos hijos.
Este Rey y sus hijos fueron llevados a Roma, luego de su derrota, para hacerlos participar del desfile de la victoria.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #366 Pag.141 - Craw RRC #415/1 - Syd CRR #926 -BMCRR #3373 pl.43/8 - Harlan RRM 1p 1-10 - RSC Vol.1 Aemilia 10 Pag.11 - Babelon MRR Vol.1 #10 (Aemilia) Pag.122 - CDMR #126 - Albert MRR #1332 - Catalli #591
mdelvalle
Project98134.jpg
180 Septimius Severus22 viewsSeptimius Severus
Denarius
IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II Laureate head right / MONET AVG Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia. RIC 411a Emisa Mint

ex DS

better photo.
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Craw_401_1_Denario_Mn__Aquillius_-_Mn_f__Mn_n.jpg
19-01 - Mn. AQUILLIUS Mn.f.Mn.n. (71 A.C.)9 viewsFALSIFICACIÓN ANCIANA
Denario Aserrado/dentado Forrado 19x17 mm 3.1 gr

Anv: Busto vestido y con yelmo de Virtus, viendo a derecha – ”VIRTVS” adelante y ”III VIR” detrás.
Es la primer aparición en la amonedación del título de Triunviro de un Monetario.
Rev: Guerrero (Mn. Aquillius, Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) de pié de frente, viendo a la derecha, portando un escudo y levantando la figura de Sicilia que está caída hacia la izquierda., "MN AQVIL” (MN en monograma),en campo derecho, "MN F MN N” (ambas MN en monograma),en campo izquierdo y ”SICIL” en el exergo.

Este denario refiere a los éxitos en Sicilia de Man. Aquillius (Cónsul en el 101 A.C.) y el excepcional valor demostrado por Este durante toda la guerra.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #336 Pag.135 - Craw RRC #401/1 - Syd CRR #798 - BMCRR #3364-9 - RSC Vol.1 Aquillia 2 Pag.16
mdelvalle
rjb_2010_10_05a.jpg
193b12 viewsSeptimius Severus 193-211 AD
AR denarius
Obv "IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II"
Laureate bust right
Rev "MONETI AVG"
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Emesa mint
RIC cf411
mauseus
DomitianAsMoneta.jpg
1az Domitian20 views81-96

As

Laureate head right, IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XV CENS PER P P
Moneta std, MONETA AVGVSTI S C

RIC 708

Suetonius wrote: Domitian was born on the 24th of October AD51, a month before his father Vespasian took up office as consul. . . . When Vespasian died, Domitian considered granting his soldiers twice the bounty offered by his brother Titus, and had no qualms in claiming that his father’s will had been tampered with, since he had been due a half-share of the Empire. From then on, he plotted continually against his brother, openly and in secret. When Titus was gripped by his fatal illness, Domitian ordered him to be left for dead, before he had actually breathed his last. . . .

He governed inconsistently, displaying a mixture of virtue and vice, but after some time his virtues too gave way to vice, since he seems to have been made avaricious through lack of funds, and cruel through fear, contrary to his natural disposition. . . . Domitian was diligent and conscientiousness in his administration of justice, often holding special sittings on the tribunal in the Forum. . . . [I]n his private life, and even for some time after becoming Emperor, he was considered free of greed and avarice; and indeed often showed proof not only of moderation, but of real generosity. . . . His moderation and clemency however were not destined to last, his predilection to cruelty appearing somewhat sooner than his avarice. . . . In this way he became an object of terror to all, and so hated that he was finally brought down by a conspiracy of his companions and favourite freedmen, which also involved his wife, Domitia Longina.

Domitian was tall, and of a ruddy complexion, with large rather weak eyes, and a modest expression. He was handsome and attractive when young, his whole body well-made except for his feet with their short toes. Later, he lost his hair, and developed a protruding belly, while his legs became thin and spindly after a long illness. . . . He found exercise intolerable, seldom walked when in Rome and while travelling and on campaign rarely rode but used a litter. Weaponry in general held no interest for him, though he was exceptionally keen on archery. There are plenty of witnesses to his killing a hundred wild creatures or more at a time on his Alban estate, bringing them down with successive arrows planted so deftly as to give the effect of horns. . . .

At the beginning of his reign, he had the libraries, which had been damaged by fire, restored at great expense, instituting a search for copies of lost works, and sending scribes to Alexandria to transcribe and edit them. Yet he himself neglected liberal studies, and never bothered to interest himself in history or poetry, or even to acquire a decent writing style.
Blindado
image~8.jpg
201. Septimius Severus35 viewsSeptimius Severus. A.D. 193-211. Ć sestertius (29.5 mm, 19.80 g, 11 h). Rome, A.D. 194. L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right / MONET AVG COS II P P, SC, the three Monetae standing left, each holding scales and cornucopias. RIC 670; BMCRE 508. aVF, scarce.ecoli
Craw_415_1_Denario_Aemilius_Lepidus_Paullus.jpg
21-01 - Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (62 A.C)21 viewsAR Denarius 19 mm 3.9 gr

Este Magistrado Monetario era el hermano mayor de M. Aemilius Lepidus, que con posterioridad se convertiría en uno de los tres triúnviros junto a Octavio y Marco Antonio.
Esta emisión conmemora las victorias de L. Aemilius Paullus, supuesto ancestro del Magistrado Monetario. La palabra TER en el reverso, significa "Tertia", lo que referiría a los tres triunfos; en Espańa en 190 A.C., Liguria en 181 A.C. y la famosa batalla de de Pydna en 168 A.C., donde los romanos extinguieron el reino independiente de Macedonia..

Anv: "PAVLLVS LEPIDVS - CONCORDIA", Busto de Concordia a der., vistiendo velo y diadema.
Rev: "TER" sobre, "PAVLLVS" en exergo. El ancestro del Magistrado, L. Aemilius Lepidus, vistiendo toga y estante a la izquierda de un trofeo de armas, a la derecha del mismo el Rey Perseo de Macedonia y sus dos hijos.
Este Rey y sus hijos fueron llevados a Roma, luego de su derrota, para hacerlos participar del desfile de la victoria.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #366 Pag.141 - Craw RRC #415/1 - Syd CRR #926 -BMCRR #3373 pl.43/8 - Harlan RRM 1p 1-10 - RSC Vol.1 Aemilia 10 Pag.11 - Babelon MRR Vol.1 #10 (Aemilia) Pag.122 - CDMR #126 - Albert MRR #1332 - Catalli #591
mdelvalle
RIC_408_AS_Domiciano.jpg
21-38 - DOMICIANO (81 - 96 D.C.)14 viewsAE AS 26 mm 9.4 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PERP PP" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha con Aegis en el pecho.
Rev: "MONETA AVGVSTI - S C" - Moneta de pié a izquierda, portando una balanza en mano derecha y cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuńada 92-96 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #408 Pag.205 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2807 var Pag.504 - Cohen Vol.1 #333 Pag.499 - DVM #105 Pag.114
mdelvalle
22053.jpg
22053 Septimius Severus15 viewsSeptimius Severus/Moneta
Obv:IMP CAES L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II
Laureate head right
REV: MONETA AVG
Moneta seated left, holding scales and cornucopiae. RSC 346.
Minted in Emesa between 194 and 195 A.D.16.7mm 1.9g
References . RIC 412 Rated Scarce
RIC notes this coin as MONETA II AVG. RSC notes the existance of MONETA II
AVG as doubtful.

Blayne W
1179_P_Hadrian_RPC2360.jpg
2360 PHRYGIA, Hydrela Hadrian, Męn riding 14 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2360; = R. Pace, ‘Una moneta inedita di Hydrela’, Panorama Numismatico 112/97, pp. 18-9.

Magistrate Apellas Athčnagorou

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΟΛΥΜΠΙΟС
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. ΑΠΕΛΛΑС ΑΘΗΝΑΓΟΡΟΥ ΑΝΕΘΗΚΕ ΥΔΡΗΛΕΙΤΩΝ
Męn riding r., holding trident over l. shoulder.

10.52 gr
25 mm
6h

Note.
plate coin R. Pace, ‘Una moneta inedita di Hydrela’, Panorama Numismatico 112/97, pp. 18-9.
okidoki
rjb_post_15_01_05.jpg
241337 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Mint 1 (Trier), Issue 3
Cunetio 2413
mauseus
73Hadrian__RIC256.jpg
256 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Moneta standing57 viewsReference.
RIC 256 a

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare-headed bust right.

Rev. MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopia in left.

3.28 gr
17 mm
2 commentsokidoki
Adriano_denario_MONETA_AVG.jpg
28-06 - HADRIANO (117 - 138 D.C.)26 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.91 gr.

Anv: "HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONETA AVG" - Moneta estante a izquierda, portando balanza (Escala) en mano derecha y Cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuńada 134 - 138 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #256 Pag.370 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3507 var. Pag 148 - Cohen Vol.II #966 Pag.186 - DVM #46/4 Pag.127 - RSC Vpl.II #966 Pag.142 - St. Vol. II #251 - BMCRE #680 - UCR #834
mdelvalle
RIC_256_Denario_Adriano.jpg
28-11 - ADRIANO (117 - 138 D.C.)14 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 2.91 gr.

Anv: "HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONETA AVG" - Moneta estante a izquierda, portando balanza (Escala) en mano derecha y Cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuńada 134 - 138 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #256 Pag.370 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #3507 var. Pag 148 - Cohen Vol.II #966 Pag.186 - DVM #46/4 Pag.127 - RSC Vpl.II #966 Pag.142 - St. Vol. II #251 - BMCRE #680 - UCR #834
mdelvalle
275Hadrian_Antioch_BMCRE_3.jpg
2964 Hadrian Denarius Antioch 117-30 AD Aequita-Moneta standing93 viewsReference.
RIC III, 2964; Strack *6; RIC II -; BMCRE pg. 378, 3, pl. 68, 4); RSC 1179b.

Bust B1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, aegis on left shoulder

Rev. P M TR PO[TES] COS III.
Aequitas-Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopia

3.4 gr
17.5 mm
h
2 commentsokidoki
1259_P_Hadrian_eastern_--.jpg
2973 Hadrian Denarius Antioch 124-27 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing13 viewsReference.
RIC III, 2973; Strack *-- ; RIC II, --; BMCRE --; C. --; BMC --

Bust B1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. PM TR POTES III COS III
Aequitas-Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

3.40 gr
17 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
485_P_Hadrian.jpg
2986 Hadrian Denarius 124-27 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing Eastern Mint52 viewsReference.
RIC III, 2986; Strack *12 same die pair

Bust A2

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate bust with drapery

Rev. COS III
Aequitas-Moneta standing left, wearing polos Crown, holding scales and cornucopia

3.31 gr
19 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
1186_P_Hadrian_Strack12_eastern.jpg
2988 Hadrian Denarius 124-27 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing Eastern Mint25 viewsReference.
RIC III, 2988; Strack *12

Bust C2+

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare head, draped bust right, seen from rear

Rev. COS III
Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

3.23 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
coin250.JPG
311. Postumus28 viewsPostumus was recognized as emperor in Gaul, Spain, Germany, and Britain. He set up the capital of his renegade empire at Cologne, complete with its own senate, consuls and praetorian guard. He represented himself as the restorer of Gaul on some of his coins, a title he earned after successfully defending Gaul against the Germans. The coins issued by Postumus were of better workmanship and higher precious metal content than coins issued by Gallienus.

In 263, Gallienus launched a campaign to defeat Postumus. After initial success against Postumus, Gallienus was seriously wounded and needed to return home. After his failed attempt at defeating Postumus, Gallienus was occupied with crises in the rest of his empire and never challenged Postumus again.

Aureolus, a general of Gallienus who was in command of Milan, openly changed sides and allied himself with Postumus. The city of Milan would have been critical to Postumus if he planned to march on Rome. For whatever reason, Postumus failed to support Aureolus, who was besieged by Gallienus.

Postumus, one of Gallienus usurpers, was himself challenged by a usurper in 268. Laelianus, one of Postumus' top military leaders, was declared emperor in Mainz by the local garrison and surrounding troops (Legio XXII Primigenia). Although Postumus was able to quickly capture Mainz and kill Laelianus, he was unable to control his own troops and they turned on him and killed him, since they were dissatisfied with him for not allowing them to sack the city of Mainz (Aur. Vict. 33.8; Eutrop. 9.9.1).

Following the death of Postumus, his empire lost control of Britain and Spain, and the shrunken remains of the Gallic Empire were inherited by Marius.

Postumus AR Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae. RIC 75. RSC 199.
ecoli
coins388.JPG
320. Carus21 viewsSMSXXI expands to SACRA MONETA SISCIENSIS (HOLY MONEY OF SISCIA) + XXI which is the "value mark" of antoniniani after Aurelian's monetary reform of 274 CE.

RIC V-II 111 R
ecoli
VHC37-slab.JPG
37- INDIA (BRITISH), 2 ANNAS, KM488, (1901-C).30 viewsSize: 15 mm. Composition: .917 Silver/.0430 oz. Mintage: 8,944,000 (Calcutta)- 1,706,000 (Bombay).
Grade: NGC MS65 (Cert.# 4080257-018).
Comments: Purchased raw from VCoins seller Frits A. Bodde of Moneta Nova (Germany). I really need to get a proper picture, because the NGC slab image is pretty wretched.
lordmarcovan
Denario COMODO RIC 205.jpg
37-03 - COMODO (177 - 192 D.C.)53 viewsAR Denario 17 x 15 mm 2.1 gr.

Anv: "M COMM ANT P FEL [AVG BRI]T P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "APOL MONET P M TR P XV - COS VI (En los campos)" - Apolo desnudo de pié de frente viendo a derecha, con su brazo derecho sobre su cabeza, apoyado su codo izquierdo sobre una columna y con sus piernas cruzadas.

Acuńada 190 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #205 Pag.389 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #5628 Pag.385 - BMCRE #275 - Cohen Vol.III #22 Pag.230 - RSC Vol. II #22 Pag.236 - MIR Vol.18 #793
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_205_Denario_Comodo.jpg
37-03 - COMODO (177 - 192 D.C.)17 viewsAR Denario 17 x 15 mm 2.1 gr.

Anv: "M COMM ANT P FEL [AVG BRI]T P P" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "APOL MONET P M TR P XV - COS VI (En los campos)" - Apolo desnudo de pié de frente viendo a derecha, con su brazo derecho sobre su cabeza, apoyado su codo izquierdo sobre una columna y con sus piernas cruzadas.

Acuńada 190 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.III #205 Pag.389 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #5628 Pag.385 - BMCRE #275 - Cohen Vol.III #22 Pag.230 - RSC Vol. II #22 Pag.236 - MIR Vol.18 #793
mdelvalle
781Hadrian_RIC80.jpg
385 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-23 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing26 viewsReference.
Strack 107; RIC III, 385 ; C 1118

Bust A

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, head right.

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Aequitas-Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopaie

2.94 gr
21 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
38Hadrian__RIC80.jpg
389 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-22 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing34 viewsReference.
Strack 107; RIC III, 389 ; C 1118

Bust C1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, bust, seen from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Aequitas-Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia

3.23 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
postume-monetaaug-2.jpg
3e Emission - (263-265) - Trčves - MONETA AVG9 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
MONETA AVG
EG 45
CUNETIO 2404
RIC 75
ELMER 336
AGK 45
de Witte 165
Cohen 199
PYL
postume-monetaaug-1.jpg
3e Emission - (263-265) - Trčves - MONETA AVG12 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
MONETA AVG
EG 45
CUNETIO 2404
RIC 75
ELMER 336
AGK 45
de Witte 165
Cohen 199
PYL
postume-monetaaug-3.jpg
3e Emission - (263-265) - Trčves - MONETA AVG7 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
MONETA AVG
EG 45
CUNETIO 2404
RIC 75
ELMER 336
AGK 45
de Witte 165
Cohen 199
PYL
coin200.JPG
402. Maximianus53 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. 250 - July, 310), known in English as Maximian, was Roman Emperor (together with Diocletian) from March 1, 286 to 305.

Born to a poor family near Sirmium (city in Pannonia), Maximian made a career in the army until 285, when the new emperor Diocletian, a friend of his, made him caesar (sub-emperor) and the ruler of the western part of the empire. The next year Maximian became augustus next to Diocletian, and in 293, when Diocletian introduced the Tetrarchy, Constantius Chlorus became Maximian's caesar and married Maximian's daughter Flavia Maximiana Theodora.

During his reign, Maximianus had several military successes, against the Alemanni and Burgundians in northern Germany, against the Carpi on the Danube frontier and against Carausius, who had rebelled in Britain and declared himself emperor there. He also strengthened the frontier defenses in Africa.

On May 1, 305, Diocletian and Maximian retired together; it is clear that this was not a voluntary act of Maximian's, but that he was forced to do so by Diocletian. Galerius and Constantius Chlorus became the new emperors; Flavius Valerius Severus and Maximinus Daia became their caesars. When Constantius died the next year, Maximian's son Maxentius took the western emperorship, and named Maximian to be his augustus. Maximian resolved the conflicts around this emperorship by defeating Severus and Galerius in battle and bringing Constantius' son Constantine on his side by having Constantine marry his daughter Fausta.

However, in 308 Maximian rebelled against his own son, and marched upon Rome, but was beaten and forced to find refuge with Constantine in Gaul. In 310 he declared himself emperor for the third time, but was unable to defend himself against Constantine, who forced him to commit suicide.

For his own and his colleagues' victories, Maximian received the titles Germanicus Maximus V, Sarmaticus Maximus III, Armeniacus Maximus, Medicus Maximus, Adiabenicus Maximus, Persicus Maximus II, Carpicus Maximus, Britannicus Maximus.

Maximianus 286-305, Reform Follis - Siscia Mint
9.16g
Obv: Bust of Maximianus right "IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG"
Rev: Moneta standing left holding a scale and cornucopiae "SACRA MONET AVGG E CAESS NOSTR" "SIS" in the exergue.
RIC 134b
ecoli
claud quadr01.jpg
41-54 AD - CLAUDIUS I AE quadrans - struck 41 AD23 viewsobv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG around hand holding pair of scales above PNR
rev: PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT around S C
ref: RIC85, Cohen71, BMC174, SRC1864
mint: Rome
3.44gms, 15mm

PNR = Pondus Numni Restitutum. It refers to some kind of monetary rectification.
berserker
Denario_Septimio_Severo_MONET_AVG_2.jpg
46-02 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)48 viewsAR Denario 17x19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS I" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONE-T AVG•" – Moneta (La Moneda) sentada a izquierda, portando balanza en mano del brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuńada 193 D.C.
Ceca: Emesa (hoy Hims/Homs Siria)
Rareza: S/R
” Mr Curtis Clay said: A rare rev. type (Moneta seated) in a scarce series (COS I), so a nice specialist rarity, though that rarity has only a minor effect on its commercial value.


Referencias: RIC ___ - Sear RCTV ____ - BMCRE ____ - Cohen ___ - RSC Vol. III #334a Pag.33 - DVM ___ - Hill CSS___
mdelvalle
RSC_334a_Denario_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-02 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)22 viewsAR Denario 17x19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS I" – Cabeza laureada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONE-T AVG•" – Moneta (La Moneda) sentada a izquierda, portando balanza en mano del brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda.

Acuńada 193 D.C.
Ceca: Emesa (hoy Hims/Homs Siria)
Rareza: S/R
” Mr Curtis Clay said: A rare rev. type (Moneta seated) in a scarce series (COS I), so a nice specialist rarity, though that rarity has only a minor effect on its commercial value.


Referencias: RIC ___ - Sear RCTV ____ - BMCRE ____ - Cohen ___ - RSC Vol. III #334a Pag.33 - DVM ___ - Hill CSS___
mdelvalle
Denario Septimio Severo RIC 510a.jpg
46-08 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)43 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "L SEP SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONETA AVGG" - Moneta sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cornucopia sobre brazo izquierdo.

Acuńada 198 - 202 D.C.
Ceca: Laodicea ad Mare - Hoy Siria

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #135A (b) Pag.107 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6316 Pag.462 - BMCRE #669/70 Pag.177 - Cohen Vol.IV #342 Pag.39 - RSC Vol. III #345 Pag.34 - DVM #86 Pag.184
mdelvalle
RIC_135Ab_Denario_Septimio_Severo.jpg
46-08 - SEPTIMIO SEVERO (193 - 211 D.C.)14 viewsAR Denario 18 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "L SEP SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX" - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "MONETA AVGG" - Moneta sentada a izquierda, sosteniendo balanza en mano derecha y cornucopia sobre brazo izquierdo.

Acuńada 3ra. Emisión 198 - 199 D.C.
Ceca: Laodicea ad Mare - Hoy Siria

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte I #135A (b) Pag.107 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #6316 Pag.462 - BMCRE #669/70 Pag.287 (Plate 44 #11) - Cohen Vol.IV #342 Pag.39 - RSC Vol. III #345 Pag.34 - DVM #86 Pag.184 - Salgado II/1 #4178.f Pag.105
mdelvalle
47- Diocletian Follis.JPG
47-Diocletian Follis #2-S61 viewsAE Follis, 303-305 AD, Rome Mint.
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.(Double struck).
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing with scales and cornucopia.
R(crescent)P in exergue.
27mm, 9.7gm
RIC 111a, Sear 3537
1 commentsjdholds
50- Maximianus-3.JPG
50-Maximianus-3-S40 viewsAE Follis, 286-305, Ticinum mint
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. Moneta.
standing with scales and cornucopia.
TT* in exergue
29mm 10.1gm
VM 43, RIC 47b
jdholds
51- Maximianus-4.JPG
51- Maximianus #4-S29 viewsAE Follis, 286-305 AD , Aquileia mint.
Obv: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. Moneta.
standing with scales and cornucopia. Crescent left, III right.
AQP in exergue
26mm , 8.2gm
RIC 29b, VM43

jdholds
1005_P_Hadrian_RPC5568.jpg
5568 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 125-26 AD Mars, wearing crested Corinthian helmet37 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5568; D1271 = Staffieri; Emmett 810.10

Issue L ΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ= year 10

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ - ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑ СƐΒ
Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., seen from rear

Rev. L ΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ
Helmeted half-length nude bust left of Mars (Ares), seen from behind, wearing crested Corinthian helmet

12.87 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Giovanni Maria Staffieri Collection. Ex Münz Zentrum 29 (27 April 1977), lot 126; Giovanni Dattari Collection, no. 1271.

In the aforementioned article by Giovanni, he compares the reverse of this coin to the statue found at Hadrian’s villa (Fig. 7 in his article).
See G.M. Staffieri, ‘Sulla testimonianza di un Ares policleteo nella monetazione imperiale alessandrina’, NAC 22 (1993), pp. 187-99, where the design is compared to the statue found at Hadrian’s villa.
4 commentsokidoki
202Hadrian__RIC586.jpg
586 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 119-21 AD Moneta39 viewsReference.
RIC 586 var C. 974; BMC 1196; Banti --; Strack 677

Obv. IMP. CAESAR. TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. III.
Laureate, bust right, aegis on left shoulder, seen from front

Rev. MONETA AVGVSTI, S.C
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae

23.75 gr
34/33 mm
okidoki
1162Hadrian_RIC586c.jpg
586c Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 119-21 AD Moneta11 viewsReference.
RIC 586 var C. 974; BMC 1196; Banti 549; Strack 677

Obv. IMP. CAESAR. TRAIANVS. HADRIANVS. AVG. P. M. TR. P. COS. III.
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right

Rev. MONETA AVGVSTI S C
Moneta, draped, standing left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left

28.03 gr
32 mm
6h
okidoki
490Hadrian_RIC600.JPG
600 Hadrian Dupondius Roma 119-21 AD Moneta standing42 viewsReference.
RIC 600a;

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III
Bust of Hadrian, radiate, right.

Rev. MONETA AVGVSTI S C:
Moneta, draped, standing left, holding up scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left.

13.36 gr
27 mm
1 commentsokidoki
62-Constantius I.JPG
62-Constantius I-2-S41 viewsAE Follis, 302-303 AD , Rome Mint.
Obv: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
Rev: SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing holding scales and cornucopia. Star in right field.
RT in exergue.
28mm, 9.6 gm.
RIC 106a
jdholds
RIC_67_Antoniniano_Gordiano_III.jpg
69-09 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)14 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERALITAS AVG III" - Liberalitas de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando un ábaco en mano de brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda.Acuńadas para donativo (regalo monetario a la gente) en el ańo 240 D.C. para marcar la supresión de la rebelión en Cartago de Sabinianus. Dado en los acontecimientos y circos.

Acuńada 5ta. y 6ta. Emisiones fin 239 a principio 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IVc #67 Pag.23, Sear RCTV Vol.III #8621 Pag.119, Cohen Vol.V #142 var Pag.35, RSC Vol. IV #142 Pag.4, DVM #25 var Pag.224, Cayón #47, Hunter #56
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Gordiano III RIC 67.jpg
69-11 - GORDIANO III (238 - 244 D.C.)45 viewsAR Antoniniano 21 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "LIBERALITAS AVG III" - Liberalitas de pié de frente viendo a izquierda, portando un ábaco en mano de brazo derecho extendido y cornucopia en izquierda.Acuńadas para donativo (regalo monetario a la gente) en el ańo 240 D.C. para marcar la supresión de la rebelión en Cartago de Sabinianus. Dado en los acontecimientos y circos.

Acuńada 5ta. y 6ta. Emisiones fin 239 a principio 240 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte III #67 Pag.23 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #8621 - Cohen Vol.V #142 var Pag.35 - RSC Vol. IV #142 Pag.4 - DVM #25 var Pag.224 - Cayón #47
mdelvalle
domitian as.jpg
81-96 AD - DOMITIAN AE as - struck 92-94 AD57 viewsobv: IMP.[CAES.DOMIT.AVG.GERM.CO]S.XVI. CENS.PER.P.P. (laureate head right)
rev: [MONETA] AVGVSTI / S.C. (Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia)
ref: RIC II 408, C.333 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
12.63gms, 25mm

The recurrence of this legend and type on so many imperial medals of diverse reigns is in itself one of the clearest and most direct proofs that these medals were real money.
1 commentsberserker
SERVILLIA.jpg
82-80 BC C. Servilius Vatia Restoration 219 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right; lituus and B behind, mark of value below chin (XVI monogram)

Battle between two mounted horsemen, the one on the left armed with a sword, the other with spear, his shield inscribed M
C SERVEIL


Restored Issue 82-80 BC.
Original being of C. Servilius 127 BC

3.48g

Crawford 370/1b; Sydenham 720; Servilia 7
Scarce

ex-Canadian Coin

This is the Wildwinds example!

David Sear's Millennial addition comments:

"This type represents a remarkable revival of the issues of the monetary triumvirate which had held office approximately 45 years earlier though with the substitution of Apollo for the Roma head on the obverse. As well as being complimentary to several of Sulla's most prominent supporters Crawford suggests that their true purpose was to enable Sulla to issue a civil coinage without appointing a new triumvirate of moneyers for 82 BC or, alternatively, to celebrate the restoration of the Republic in 80."
5 commentsJay GT4
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 261.jpg
94-20 - CLAUDIO GĂ“TICO (268 - 270 D.C.)80 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 15 x 16 mm 1.2 gr.

Anv: "DIV[O CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSEC]RATIO" - Altar llameante decorado con cuatro cajones y un punto en cada cajon.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #259 Pag.233 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3228 - Cohen Vol.VI #50 Pag.135 - DVM #44/1 Pag.256 - Nor.#1829 - Göbl#99 mOa
1 commentsmdelvalle
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 266.jpg
94-21 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)69 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #266 Pag.234 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3227 -Cohen Vol.VI #41 Pag.134 - DVM #44/2 Pag.256 - Nor.#1115 - Göbl#98 mOa
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Claudio Gótico RIC 273.jpg
94-23 - CLAUDIO GĂ“TICO (268 - 270 D.C.)58 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 mm 1.7 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FIDES [MILITVM]" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en mano derecha y una lanza en la izquierda.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, indudablemente en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte I #273 Pag.235 - Cohen Vol.VI #94 Pag.139
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Altar_1.jpg
94-35 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)7 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 17 mm 2.0 gr.

Anv: "DIVO CLAVDIO" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSECRATIO]" - Altar llameante decorado.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim. RIC Va #261 P.233, Sim. Sear RCTV '88 #3228, Sim. Sear RCTV III #11462 P.412, Sim.Cohen VI #50 P.135 (Nota), Sim.DVM #44/1 Pag.256
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II.jpg
94-36 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)8 viewsAE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 15 x 16 mm 1.2 gr.

ANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 15 mm 1.2 gr.

Anv: "DIV[O CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSEC]RATIO" - Altar llameante decorado con cuatro cajones y un punto en cada cajon.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim. RIC Va #261 P.233, Sim. Sear RCTV '88 #3228, Sim. Sear RCTV III #11462 P.412, Sim.Cohen VI #50 P.135 (Nota), Sim.DVM #44/1 Pag.256
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Fides.jpg
94-40 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)9 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 mm 1.7 gr.

Anv: "[DI]VO CL[AVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FIDES [MILITVM]" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié de frente, viendo a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en mano derecha y una lanza en la izquierda.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim. RIC Va #273 Pag.235 - Cohen Vol.VI #94 Pag.139 - Sear RCTV III Nota Pag.413
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Aguila_1.jpg
94-45 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)9 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]", Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CON]SEC[RATIO]", Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en forma irregular en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim.RIC Va #266 P.234, Sim.Sear RCTV III #11459 P.412 y Nota P.413, Sim.Cohen VI #41 P.134, Sim.DVM #44/2 P.256
mdelvalle
RIC_Incierta_Minimus_Claudio_II_Aguila.jpg
94-46 - CLAUDIO GOTICO (268 - 270 D.C.)9 viewsANTIGUA FALSIFICACIÓN ó ACUŃACIÓN NO OFICIAL
AE Minimus? (Pequeńo módulo) 14 x 13 mm 2.2 gr.

Anv: "[DIVO CLAVDIO]" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[CONSE]CRATIO" - Aguila parada de frente con su cabeza hacia la derecha y sus alas extendidas.

IMITACIÓN ITALIANA, Después de la revuelta de Mont Caelius (Una de las 7 colinas de Roma, hoy Celio) de Roma en 271 D.C., los monetarios de la ciudad perdieron su estatus de monetarios oficiales, sin embargo continuaron acuńando moneda, en Italia del norte, así pasaron a ser simples falsificadores.
También se acuńaron en forma irregular en Las Galias e Hispania.

Acuńada después de 271 D.C.
Ceca: No oficial

Referencias: Sim.RIC Va #266 P.234, Sim.Sear RCTV III #11459 P.412 y Nota P.413, Sim.Cohen VI #41 P.134, Sim.DVM #44/2 P.256
mdelvalle
Denario_Aureliano_RIC_73.jpg
96-01 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)59 viewsDenario de bellón 18x19 mm, 2.40 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELI-ANVS AVG", busto laureado y vistiendo coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG", Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de Palma en izquierda. "B" = 2da.Off. en campo izquierdo, "VSV" en exergo. Mattingly uno de los autores del RIC lo interpreta como la abreviación de "usualis" lo que marcaría a estas monedas como la norma de unidad monetaria de cuenta, es decir como un denario.

Acuńada: 274 a 275 D.C.
Ceca: Roma 2da.Off.
Rareza: S (Escasa)

Referencias: RIC Vol.Va #71 Pag.273, Cohen Vol.VI #250 Pag.203, Sear Vol.III #11640 Pag.432, CBN #185, MIR #135
mdelvalle
RIC_71_Denario_Aureliano.jpg
96-01 - AURELIANO (270 - 275 D.C.)8 viewsDenario de vellón 18x19 mm, 2.40 gr.

Anv: "IMP AVRELI-ANVS AVG", busto laureado y vistiendo coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VICTORIA AVG", Victoria avanzando a izquierda, portando corona de laureles en mano der. y hoja de Palma en izquierda. "B" = 2da.Off. en campo izquierdo, "VSV" en exergo. Mattingly uno de los autores del RIC lo interpreta como la abreviación de "usualis" lo que marcaría a estas monedas como la norma de unidad monetaria de cuenta, es decir como un denario.

Acuńada: 10ma. Emisión Finales de 274 D.C.
Ceca: Roma 2da.Off.

Referencias: RIC Va #71 (S) P.273, RIC2 Temp #1798, Cohen VI #250 P.203, Sear Vol.III #11640 P.432, CBN #185, MIR #135f, BNC Paris #71
mdelvalle
Collezione_monete_cinesi.jpg
A small group of early Chineese coins17 viewsMatteo
1413_Cilicia2.jpg
Ajax (high priestand toparch) - AE8 viewsOlba
10-15 AD
draped bust of right Ajax high priest wearing pilos (as Hermes); kerykeion over breast
ΑΙΑΝΤΟΣ ΤΕΥΚΡΟΥ
triskeles
AΡΧΙΕΡΕΩΣ / ΤΟΠΑΡΧΟΥ
ET_A
ΚΕΝ_ΝΑΤ / ΛΑΛΑΣΣ
RPC I, 3725; G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Olba nella Cilicia Trachea, QT (1978), 12, 7.

ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
4499_4500.jpg
Antoninus Pius, AE27, SC7 viewsAE27
Antoninus Pius
Caesar: 138AD
Augustus: 138 - 161AD
27.0mm
O: AVTO KAI TI AIΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEBEV CB; Laureate, draped bust, right.
R: S C; Legend within wreath.
Exergue: Δ, below SC, within wreath.
Seleucis & Pieria, Syria
BMC 311; SGI 1495?
Kenn Hollister/Moneta CICF 2013
4/3/17
Nicholas Z
ANTOSEe8.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 610 & 635, Sestertius of AD 140-144 (Salus overstruck with Moneta)24 viewsĆ Sestertius (25.21g, Ř 35mm, 12h & 6h), Rome mint, struck in AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right.
Rev.: undertype (seen upside down on right 1/3 of the reverse): 12h SALV[S AVG] (around) [S C (in field)], [Salus standing left, holding sceptre and] patera, feeding snake coiled around altar.
RIC 610
overtype (seen upright on left 2/3 of the reverse): 6h MONET[A AVG] (around) S C (in field), Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae.
RIC 635

ex José A. Herrero, S.A. (2014)

This is an example of an overstruck reverse. For explanation of this anomaly see: Clay, Curtis: "Colin Kraay's Explanation of the Phenomenon of Overstruck Reverses on Roman Imperial and Provincial Coins". The Journal of Ancient Numismatics, vol 1 issue 2, June/July 2008 . AKA Clay-Kraay
Charles S
AntoSeb7.JPG
Antoninus Pius, RIC 872, Sestertius of AD 150-151 (Moneta) 40 viewsĆ sestertius (23.3g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 150-151.
Obv.: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: TR POT XIIII COS IIII (around) MON (in ex.) S C (in field), Moneta standing facing, head turned left, holding scales and a cornucopiae.
RIC 872; Cohen 554
ex Heidelberg Münzhandlung Herbert Grün e.K.

The imperial title 'IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS', is only found in the period AD 150-152, the 15th anniversary of the reign or immediately prior to it. It refers to the earliest imperial title of A. Pius 'IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS' used on coins issued in AD 138-139.
Charles S
740_299_triga.JPG
Appius Claudius, T. Manlius, Q. Urbinius - AR denarius5 viewsRome
˛109 BC
ą111-110 BC
helmeted head of Roma right; circle in triangle behind
victory in triga right holding reins
T·(MAL)·A·P CL·Q·(VR)
ąCrawford 299/1b; Sydenham 570a; Mallia 2; BM 1843,0116.505
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,8g
ex Lucernae

Names of three moneyers are still mystery, Appius Clausius, T. Mallius, and Q. Urbanus are other possibilities.

Joint coinage of three monetal triumvirs. Triga is found only on the denaries of the Naevia family except coins of these three moneyers. Triga commemorates three of the persons who were monetal triumvirs in the second century BC. Cavedoni suggests that the triangle on the obverse may symbolize the same individuals. In this case the circle within that figure may represent a coin?
Johny SYSEL
CeolnothBiarnred1.jpg
Archbishop of Canterbury, Ceolnoth111 viewsStruck c.865-868AD Kent, Canterbury mint. AR Penny 1.20g Ceolnoth Group III. Floriated Cross type. Obv tonsured bust facing, breaking inner circle 'ARCHIEP- CEOLNOD'; Rev 'BIARNRED MONETA' (Moneyer Beornraed) around, in inner circle a floriated cross. S.895? (Group III) N.247.

There are 58 recorded coins of Ceolnoth at the SCBI/EMC but only 3 coins of this moneyer for him. He also struck 6 more recorded coins for Alfred, Edward the Elder and some Danish imitative Alfred coins from East Anglia. This actual type is not listed in the corpus. However, a fragment at the British Museum, see BNJ28 CE Blunt 'A new coin of Ceolnoth' and JJ North plate III/9, is likely the same. Infact, I believe these coins are of the same dies and moneyer. Blunt & North describe 'LD' in the fragmented moneyer legend though it is likely 'ED' with the top half of the 'E' missing at the break. The Floriated Cross design is also found on coins of Aethelberht for the moneyers Dudda and Oshere but only 4 on database (N.621). In superb condition, a single find from the Driffield area in Yorkshire. This coin is potentially the only complete specimum and should be considered a great rarity. It is now recorded in the 2011 'The Coinage of Southern England' by Rory Naismith, Volume 1 Plate 65 C218.2b.

Gareth Williams at the British Museum kindly commented:

'I agree with your reading of the coin, and think that it is probably from the same dies as our fragment 1947, 14-4, 6, as you suggest, although it's difficult to be absolutely certain - the angle of the D on the reverse in particular looks slightly different, but that may just be the lighting on the photograph'

Rory Naismith from the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge is studying the period for his PhD dissertation. He kindly commented as below:

'The Ceolnoth in particular is quite spectacular: not only is it, as you say, the only known whole floreate cross penny of Ceolnoth, but it is also a stunning coin of considerable historical importance. There is some reason to believe that it was found as part of a small hoard comprising at least three floreate cross pennies, the other two both being of Aethelberht by the moneyer Dudda. One is unfortunately only a small fragment, but the other is beautifully preserved. As the only known hoard of floreate cross coins, this is understandably a find of some significance, although it is odd to find it deposited so far north. A trawl through the BM and as many other catalogues and find records as I could find turned up only a total of nineteen floreate cross pennies, including yours, struck by seven moneyers. It was probably a lot larger than this meagre record seems to suggest: were it not for the large Dorking hoard of 1817 the preceding Inscribed Cross phase would be almost as little-known, and many moneyers who produced this type reappeared in the Lunettes coinage, so they may well have continued over the intervening period as well'.

The initial coinage of Group III has as the reverse motif a cross crosslet with pellets in the angles [coin 1, illustrated above]. Those of Ceolnoth are of good style and feature a neater tonsured bust of the archbishop possibly wearing his pallium. Those of Aethelwulf for the same period, Phase II at Canterbury, tend to have a rather crude right facing bust with thick lettering in the legend - although a few are of better style. Not all of Aethelwulf's coins of this type have pellets in the angles of the cross crosslet. This type was struck until c.852, when it was replaced by a coinage that was to become standard at Canterbury throughout the remainder of Aethelwulf's reign and the majority of the reign of his son Aethelberht. The Inscribed Cross coinage, struck only by Ceolnoth and the two aforementioned kings, have an identical reverse with a large voided cross that contains the moneyers name within and in the angles. Comparitively large numbers of these coins survive and they have been the subject of much study with regard to dating, reduced silver content and so on. Toward the end of his reign, c.854, Aethelberht minted a new coinage mirrored by Ceolnoth, the extremely rare Floriate Cross issue. These coins as would be expected have a large floriated cross on the reverse and had a very limited striking - perhaps as little as a year. Less than ten examples survive today for the king and archbishop. Illustrated below is the only known complete example of the Floriate Cross type of archbishop Ceolnoth.


AlexB
4098_(1)_4099_(1).jpg
Ariarathes IV, Drachm, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ EVΣΕΒΟΥΕ ΑΡΙΑΡΛΘΟΥ12 viewsAR Drachm
Ariarathes IV
220 - 163BC
18.5mm 3.89gr
O: NO LEGEND; Laureate bust, right.
R: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ EVΣΕΒΟΥΕ ΑΡΙΑΡΛΘΟΥ; Athena standing, holding Nike, resting on shield, holding spear.
Exergue: ΓΛ, (date) below; ΑΜ (monogram), left; Γ, right.
Simonetta 186
Mark Reid/The Time Machine
Chicago Coin Expo 4/6/17 4/17/17
Nicholas Z
1320_Ariarathes_X.jpg
Ariarathes IX - AR drachm9 viewsEusebeia
96-95 BC
diademed head right
Athena standing left, holding Nike with wreath, resting hand on spear and shield
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣEBOYΣ // (ΠI) / E
Simonetta 4c
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
9003_134_41_1.jpg
Ariarathes IX Eusebes Philopator,Kings of Cappadocia,AR Drachm. dated RY 4 = 98/7 BC.12 viewsEusebeia-Mazaca, (4.21g, 18mm, 12h.) Diademed head right / BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ APIAPAΘOV ΕVΣEBOVΣ, Athena Nikephoros standing left, holding spear and shield; monogram to inner left; Δ (date) in exergue. Simonetta, Coins 3a; Simonetta 4.
Ruslan K
283_Ariarathes_V3.jpg
Ariarathes V - AR drachm4 viewsEusebeia
131-130 BC
diademed head right
Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting hand on grounded shield
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣ[E!]BOYΣ
(AY) left; (ΠAΦI) in the middle; (ΔI) right
ΛΓ - year 33
Simonetta 13 (var)

middle E in EYΣEBOYΣ is missing and year is backwards (ΛΓ instead of usual ΓΛ)
Johny SYSEL
9003_134_48_1.jpg
Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator. Kings of Cappadocia, AR Drachm. dated RY 2(?) = 162/1 BC.10 viewsEusebeia-Mazaca mint, (4.02g, 15mm, 2h.) Diademed head right / ΒΑΣΙΛΕ[ΩΣ] ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘOV ΕVΣEBOV[Σ], Athena Nikephoros standing left, with spear and shield; monogram to inner left, T to inner right; B(?) (date) in exergue. Simonetta, Coins 7a; Simonetta 8b. Ruslan K
ariarethes_darchm.JPG
Ariarathes V Eusebes, Cappadocian Kingdom, 131 BC45 viewsAriarathes V Eusebes
Kingdom of Cappadocia
AR drachm – 3.78g
Cappadocia, 131 BC
diademed head r.
Athena Nicephorus standing l.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ, ΛB
Simonetta 12
SNG Cop sup. 644
Ardatirion
Ariarathes_VI.jpg
Ariarathes VI - AR drachm1 views(mint A)
129 - 128 BC
diademed head right
Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EΠIΦANOYΣ
M
A
Simonetta Collection 10, Simonetta 3 var. (K inner right right), Mřrkholm Cappadocia I 4b var. (same), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Galatia -
ex Naumann
Johny SYSEL
826_Ariarathes_VIII.jpg
Ariarathes VIII - AR drachm5 viewsEusebeia
99-98 BC
diademed head right
Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣEBOYΣ
T_Λ
B
Simonetta (2007), 12 (Ariarathes V.)
ex Sol
Johny SYSEL
Ariarathes_X.jpg
Ariarathes X30 viewsKINGS of CAPPADOCIA, AR Drachm, 16mm, 4.05g, Simonetta 2
Ariarathes X, Eusebes Philadelphos, 42 - 36 BC, Sear 7305.
OBV: Diademed head right
REV: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ, Athena Nikephores standing left, holding Nike and resting hand on shield set on ground, trophy to inner left.
" BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ "
 translated as
" OF KING ARIARATHES PIOUS PHILADELPHOS "
Thanks to Forvm members for help attributing this coin.

Ariarathes X was executed by Antony in 36 BC.
Romanorvm
1405_Ariarathes_X_Artemis2.jpg
Ariarathes X - AE3 viewsEusebeia
42-36 BC
draped bust of Artemis left
stag left; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘ
Simonetta 4 (uncertain); HGC 7, 856.

ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
1427__Ariarathes_X2.jpg
Ariarathes X - AR Drachm6 views38-37 BC
AR Eusebeia
diademed head right
Athena standing left holding Nike with wreath spear and shield on the ground; trophy to the left
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΡIAΡAΘOΥ // EΥΣEBOΥΣ KAI / ΦIΛAΔEΛΦOΥ
(ΠΛΘMO) / E
BMC Greek (Galatia) 2.p43 Simonetta 1977 2.p45

ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
Ariobarzanes_I.jpg
Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios - AR drachm4 viewsEusebeia
67-66 BC
diademed head right
Athena standing left, holding Nike with wreath, spear and shield
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIOBAPZANOY / ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY
(MT)
ΘK
Simonetta 40b
ex Rauch
Johny SYSEL
Ariobarzanes_II.jpg
Ariobarzanes II Philopator - AR drachm3 viewsEusebia
56 BC ?
diademed head right
Athena holding spear and Nike, shield at her feet
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIOBAPZANO[Y] / ΦIΛOPATOP
Z?
BMC Greek (Galatia) 1.p41; Simonetta 1977 1.p43
ex Naumann
Johny SYSEL
Ariobarzanes_1st_5b.jpg
Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Cappadocia, AR Drachm, 52-42 BC.56 views
Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Silver Drachm

Obv: Ariobazarnes' diademed and bearded head, right facing.
Rev: Athena standing left, holding statuette of Nike in extended right, spear and shield in her left hand; star in crescent in inner left field, monogram in inner right; (illegible date in) exergue off flan: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY EYΣEB[OY KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY], enclosing reverse in square pattern.

Exergue: Off flan: [KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY] and regnal date.

Mint: Mazaka or Eusebeia
Struck: 52-42 BC.

Size: 16 mm.
Weight: 3.5 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: As shown in photo.

Refs:*
Sear, 7304
Simonetta 3a
BMC Galatia, pg. 42, 4.
Tiathena
Ariobarzanes_Athena_2nd_4b.jpg
Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Cappadocia, AR Drachm, 52-42 BC.73 views
Ariobarzanes III, Eusebes Philoromaios | Athena - Silver Drachm

Obv: Ariobazarnes' diademed and beardless head, right facing.
Rev: Athena standing left, holding statuette of Nike in extended right, spear and shield in her left hand; star in crescent in inner left field, monogram in inner right; (illegible date in) exergue off flan: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AP[IOBAPZANOY] EYΣ[EBOY KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY], enclosing reverse in square pattern.

Exergue: Off flan: [KAI ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY] and regnal date.

Mint: Mazaka or Eusebeia
Struck: 52-42 BC.

Size: 16.41 mm.
Weight: 3.5 grm.
Die axis: 0°

Condition: As shown in photo.

Refs:*
Sear, 7304
Simonetta 3a
BMC Galatia, pg. 42, 4.
Tiathena
Ariobarzanes_III,_Kingdom_of_Cappadocia,_AR_drachm,_52-42_BC.JPG
Ariobarzanes III, Kingdom of Cappadocia, AR drachm, 52-42 BC37 viewsAriobarzanes III
Kingdom of Cappadocia
AR drachm – 26mm
Cappadocia, 52-42 BC
Diademed head r.
Athena standing holding Nike, spear and shield, monogram r., star and crescent l.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIOBAPZANOY / EYΣEBOYΣ / ΦIΛIPΩMAIOY
Simonetta 1a
Ardatirion
Athens_owl.jpg
Athens, Greece, Eye-in-Profile Style Pi Type III or IV, Tetradrachm, c. 353 - 340 B.C.176 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Sear GCV I 2547, (SNG München 96), (SNG Delepierre 1479), gVF, banker's mark, 16.358g, 22.8mm, 225 deg., Obv. head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll, no pellet above earring; Rev. owl standing right, head facing, to right AθE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; nicely centered on a very tight round flan, slight evidence that it was stuck on a demonetized folded/hammerred flan; slightly toned.



The style of Athena's face with the banker's mark have great appeal to me. I bought it for my 50th birthday!

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins
9 commentsSteve E
1augusto_unite.jpg
AUGUSTO, quadrante (5 a.C.)35 viewsQuadrante di Augusto (5 a.C.), zecca di Roma
mm 15, gr. 2,8, 95°, MB
D/ IIIVIR(?) GALUS MESSALLA (monetieri), con altare
R/ APRONIUS SISENNA (monetieri), SC a tutto campo
C.370, RIC 449
Nota: identificato come Augusto su lamoneta.it. Presentato dal venditore come Claudio
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 marzo 2008, numero catalogo 52); ex collezione Emiliano Cuzzone, Isernia Italia (fino al 2008)
paolo
Augustus~0.jpg
Augustus86 viewsAugustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Obverse:

Augustus with his bare head right

CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT

CAESAR: Ceasar, emperor
AVGVST: Agustus
PONT MAX: Pontifix Maximus,
TRIBVNIC: Tribunicia, tribunal
POT: POTESTAS, the people

Reverse:

M MAECILIVS TVLLVS III VIR A A A F F

M: Marcus
MAECILLIS: Maelcilius
TVLLVS: Tullus
IIIVIR: Triumviri
AAAFF: Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo,

S . C, Senatus Consultum

I think the dots were used as centering devices, one see them sometimes on Soldiers/Standards coins although on this coin it is certainly a large dot.

Domination: AS, Copper

Mint: Rome

The Roman Moneyers (or you may prefer the title of Mint Magistrates) were also responsible for the minting of gold, silver and bronze coinage and they reported to the Senate. They were known as the Triumviri Monetales or Triumviri Auro, Argento, Aeri, Flando, Feriundo which is abbreviated as III VIR. A.A.A. F.F. which may be translated as 'Commision (or college) of three men under whom gold, silver and bronze coins were struck'. (Note that the order of the metals varies according to different references.) The title 'III VIR. A.A.A. F.F.' occurs rarely on Republic coins and when it is present it is usually seen in an abbreviated form such as 'III VIR'. It is interesting to note that the full title occurs frequently on the reverses of Augustan Aes

The College of the Three Moneyers was a revived republican tradition. This coin was struck under the supervision of Marcus Salvius Otho, an ancestor of the future emperor Otho. Later, the number of members was increased to four, and their names were not included on the coins.

TRP = This is short for tribunicia potestate - "with the power of the Tribune of the Plebs." The government of Rome was split into the Patricians (who were Senators) and the Plebians. Nine Tribunes of the Plebs were elected by both Plebs and Patricians every year to be in charge of the Plebian assembly. These Tribunes could not be injured because it could be punishable by death. They had veto powers, and they could prevent a law from being passed or an election. An emperor cannot technically rule on the Plebian assembly since he is a Patrician, but by taking the title he could be free from injury. On a coin, if this symbol is followed by a number, it depicts how many times he has been elected Tribune of the Plebs.
John Schou
augustus_467_3.jpg
Augustus RIC I, 46726 viewsAugustus 27 BC - AD 14
AE - Quadrans, 3.37g, 13.4mm
Rome 4 BC
obv.: C RVBELLIVS BLANDVS
around SC
rev.: IIIVIR AAAFF
garlanded altar with bowl-shaped top
RIC I, 467; cf. C.511; BMCR. 269
Scarce; good F

IIIVIRI MONETALES = the three mint magistrates, elected by the Senatus
(In this case really IVviri monetales!)
AAAFF = aere argento auro flando feriundo, for the casting and striking of bronze, silver and gold
Jochen
Augustus_RIC_I_431.jpg
Augustus, AE AS, RIC I 4319 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. – 14 A.D.

Coin: AE As

Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNEC POT, Bare headed bust facing right.
Reverse: M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR A A A F F, around S●C

Weight: 3.07 g, Diameter: 25.2 x 25 x 1.2 mm, Die axis: 160°, Mint: Rome, issued in 7 B.C. by the Moneyer, M. Salvius Otho, Reference: RIC I 431

This Monetal Triumvir was the Grandfather of Emperor Otho, and had served the Praetorship.
Masis
Augustus_RIC_I_431_Second_example.jpg
Augustus, AE As, RIC I 431 Second example8 viewsAugustus
27 B.C. – 14 A.D.

Coin: AE As

Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNEC POT, Bare headed bust facing right.
Reverse: M SALVIVS OTHO III VIR A A A F F, around S●C

Weight: 7.39 g, Diameter: 25.4 x 24.5 x 2 mm, Die axis: 140°, Mint: Rome, issued in 7 B.C. by the Moneyer, M. Salvius Otho, Reference: RIC I 431

This Monetal Triumvir was the Grandfather of Emperor Otho, and had served the Praetorship.
Masis
Aug.jpg
Augustus, dupondius (Boyd collection)102 viewsAugusto, dupondio, zecca di Roma (16 a.C.), monetiere C. Cassius Celer
AE, 13.67gr., BB (VF)
D/ AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST in una corona
R/ C CASSIVS CELER IIIVIR AAAFF attorno, S C al centro
RCV 1660; RIC 375
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 dicembre 2008, numero catalogo 21), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2005), ex Baldwin's Auctions 42 (London, 26 Settembre 2005), ex W.C. Boyd collection (London, luglio 1905), ex W.S. Lincoln collection (London prima del luglio 1905).
paolo
5946_5947.jpg
Aurelian with Vabalathus, Antoninianus, IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG3 viewsAE Antoninianus
Vabalathus, with Aurelian
Augustus: 270 - 275AD
Issued: 271 - 272AD
21.0mm 3.11gr, 12h
O: VABALATHVS VCRIM DR; Laureate, draped bust, right.
R: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
Exergue: B
Antioch Mint
RIC 381, B; Sear 11718; Cohen 1.
Moneta Numismatic Services VCoins 104-7588
2/5/16 1/26/17
Nicholas Z
Aurelian- Concordia Militum.jpg
Aurelian- Concordia Militum141 viewsAurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate and cuirassed bust right

IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
AVRELIANVS: Aurelian
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse
CONCORD • MILIT, Accordance with the army

CONCORD • : Accordance
MILIT: Army

The dot in legend appears on the specimen illustrated by Göbl. Göbl 276a3 (2). He says "Moneta Comitatentis (later in Byzantium), 2nd. Emission"
He dates that to middle of 272. Göbl's concordance is -> Göbl (MiR 47) 276 = RIC 391 = Rohde 119, 120


Aurelian standing right, holding sceptre and clasping hand of Concordia standing left.

Domination: Bronze, size 23 mm

Mint: Cyzicus Γ (3.rd Officina), scarce or RIC V/1, 391; unattributed mint. It is Cohen 25. It could be RIC V/1, 342. I can't tell the difference! The description in RIC is the same for both types. Moneta Comitatensis, but it may be obsolete in any case.


Comment: In Estiot, Monnaies de l'Empire romain, vol.II, it is #987, pl.31; atelier Balkanique. The portrait on the obverse looks very strange. It is strange in the sense that there are very odd pictorial trends in the portraiture of Aurelian, but within the context it's not that unusual.
John Schou
11aureliano_unita.jpg
AURELIANO, antoniniano post-riforma, 274-275 d.C. (R/ CONCORDIA MILITVM)40 viewsAureliano (270-275 d.C.), antoniniano post-riforma. Zecca di Siscia, IV officina (pr. 274-275 d.C.)
AE/AR, gr. 3,4, mm 22,0, qSPL
D/ IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, busto radiato e corazzato a dx
R/ CONCORDIA MILITVM, Aureliano e Concordia affrontati si danno la mano, S nel campo in basso, XXIQ in ex
Cohen 60, RIC Vi 244
Nota: moneta discussa su lamoneta.it nel luglio 2008 con la gemella III officina
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (1 luglio 2008, numero catalogo 111); ex Inasta, San Marino (asta 26/2008, lotto 874)
paolo
aurelianus.jpg
Aurelianus30 viewsObv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev: RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Victory standing right, holding palm, & presenting wreath to Aurelian, standing left, who is holding a spear, (?) C in ex.
Size: 22mm, 4.78g
Id's: RIC 368, Cohen 210, Sear5 11592v, MIR (Moneta Imperii Romani) 342c/0
Mint: Cyzicus 274-275AD
ickster
MISC_Austria_Albrecht_II_L_140.JPG
Austria. Albert II (the Wise), Duke of Austria and Styria (1330-1358)634 viewsLuschin/Szego 140, CNA B 236.

AR Pfennig, Vienna mint, 14-15 mm.

Obv: Hare facing left.

Rev: Shield.

“Until the 12th century, coins were needed above all for exports; daily transactions were generally barter transactions. As the economy began to operate increasingly on the principle of the division of labor and as cities began to grow, money started to acquire more and more importance for regional trade. Municipal records show that even in Austria under Babenberg rule, money payments to feudal lords began to replace payments in kind. The growing monetarization of society ushered in a new phase in the history of coins. Monetary systems became regionalized. The denar, formerly used for external trade and exports, was replaced by the regional pfennig. New monetary borders came into existence, within which the rulers with coinage rights tried to enforce the compulsory, exclusive use of their own coins. Under Babenberg rule, the Vienna pfennig was accorded the role of regional money used in Austria. The Vienna pfennig came into its own when the mint was moved from Krems to Vienna at the end of the 12th century. It served as a means of payment for daily monetary transactions and remained a monetary unit even when large foreign coins were used to settle the growing volume of trade transactions – gold coins such as the Venetian or Florentine ducat and large silver coins like the Prague groschen. In the course of the 14th century, it became established as a currency in nearly the entire area covered by modern-day Austria, with the exception of Tyrol and Vorarlberg.” (“Money and Trade during the Era of the Silver Pfennig.” Oesterreichische Nationalbank

“It is assumed that most of the 13th and 14th century reverses are not legible at all. This is entirely normal as the obverses were usually struck after the reverses.” (Szego, at 52). The reverse of this issue was the arms of mintmaster Heinrich Schucheler (per Jean Elsen, List 263 Lot 395).
Stkp
MISC_Austria_Frederick_III_L_159.JPG
Austria. Frederich the Handsome, Duke of Austria and Styria (1308-1330). 29 viewsLuschin/Szego 159.

AR Pfennig, Wiener Neustadt mint, 15-16 mm.

Obv: Austrian shield inside six-petalled rose.

Rev: Shield of Austria between two panthers.

“Until the 12th century, coins were needed above all for exports; daily transactions were generally barter transactions. As the economy began to operate increasingly on the principle of the division of labor and as cities began to grow, money started to acquire more and more importance for regional trade. Municipal records show that even in Austria under Babenberg rule, money payments to feudal lords began to replace payments in kind. The growing monetarization of society ushered in a new phase in the history of coins. Monetary systems became regionalized. The denar, formerly used for external trade and exports, was replaced by the regional pfennig. New monetary borders came into existence, within which the rulers with coinage rights tried to enforce the compulsory, exclusive use of their own coins. Under Babenberg rule, the Vienna pfennig was accorded the role of regional money used in Austria. The Vienna pfennig came into its own when the mint was moved from Krems to Vienna at the end of the 12th century. It served as a means of payment for daily monetary transactions and remained a monetary unit even when large foreign coins were used to settle the growing volume of trade transactions – gold coins such as the Venetian or Florentine ducat and large silver coins like the Prague groschen. In the course of the 14th century, it became established as a currency in nearly the entire area covered by modern-day Austria, with the exception of Tyrol and Vorarlberg.” (“Money and Trade during the Era of the Silver Pfennig.” Oesterreichische Nationalbank

“It is assumed that most of the 13th and 14th century reverses are not legible at all. This is entirely normal as the obverses were usually struck after the reverses.” (Szego, at 52).

Frederick the Handsome (Friedrich der Schöne), from the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1308 as Frederick I as well as King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1314 (antiking until 1325) as Frederick III until his death.
Stkp
064~0.JPG
Auvergne - Evęché du Puy, XIe - XIIe sičcles, France.9 viewsDenier, argent, 1,08 g, 21 mm.
A/ +MONETA, croix.
R/ SCE MARIAE (rétrograde), croix ŕ six branches.
Réfs : PA 2231.
Gabalor
BLT_Bishopric_Dorpat_Dav_164.JPG
Baltic States. Bishopric of Dorpat. Bartholomäus Savijerwe (1441-1449)18 viewsDavenport 164, Saurma 5227/2737, Federov 16

AR Artiger, Tartu mint, .41 g., 14.22 mm. max, 0°

Obv: BARTO EPVS, bear's paw

Rev: • MOnETA DAR, Bishop's arms (crossed key and sword)
Stkp
BLT_Bishopric_Dorpat_Dav_169.JPG
Baltic States. Bishopric of Dorpat. Johannes III Bertkow (1473-1484)11 viewsDavenport 169, Saurma 5229/2739, Federov 21

AR Artiger, Tartu mint, .37 g., 14.07 mm. max, 0°

Obv: o IOhAnnES o EP, stag's antlers

Rev: o mOnETA o TARP, Bishop's arms (crossed key and sword)
Stkp
BLT_Bishopric_Dorpat_Dav_189_nd.JPG
Baltic States. Bishopric of Dorpat. Johannes VIII Bey von Gellinghausen (1528-1543)17 viewsDavenport 189, Saurma 5233/2743, Federov 55

AR Schilling, Tartu mint, 1.07 g., 19.34 mm. max, 270°

Obv: + DOMI • IAHA • EL • TAR, family arms

Rev: • MONETA • NOVA • TA, Bishop's arms ( crossed key and sword)
Stkp
BLT_Free_Riga_Dav_304_1570.JPG
Baltic States. Free City of Riga18 viewsDavenport 304, Saurma 5839/3015, Federov 603

Billon Schilling (.094 fineness), dated 1570, .92 g., 17.07 mm. max, 0°

Obv: + CIVITATIS : RIGENSIS, large coat of arms (stone portal with 2 flagged towers, 2 crossed keys above with small cross on top, head of lion in the gates)

Rev: • MONETA • NO • ARGEN, 7-0 divided by Bishop's arms (crossed keys with small cross above)
Stkp
hadrian_moneta.jpg
BCC RI29X67 viewsRoman Imperial
AR Denarius
Hadrian 117-138 C.E.
Obv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
laureate bust of Hadrian rt.
Rev: MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left, scales in rt. hand, cornucopia on lt. arm.
18mm 3.32gm. Axis:180
RIC 256
1 commentsv-drome
Bela_IV.jpg
Bela IV (1235 - 1270 A.D.) 30 viewsHungary
AR denar
O: REX*-BELA+, king enthroned facing, holding scepter. 
R: MONETA REGISP HVNGARIA, pearled cross, four stars around. 
.64g
14mm
Ref: Huszár 320; CNH 253., Unger(ÉH-I.):218
From the Sallent Collection; From the Kenneth Miller Collection of Ake-Ptolemaďs and Related Biblical Coins
3 commentsMat
Kraus-10110_Rear.jpg
Brandon, Mississippi: Mississippi & Alabama Rail Road Company $5 Jan. 2, 1837 (Kraus-10110)3 viewsPayable at the Girard Bank In Philadelphia, some 1100 miles distant from Brandon, this note appropriately enough bears two portraits of Stephen Girard as well as a vignette of Moneta that would eventually appear on T14 $50 Confederate Treasury Notes nearly 25 years later. SpongeBob
Kraus-10110_Front.jpg
Brandon, Mississippi: Mississippi & Alabama Rail Road Company $5 Jan. 2, 1837 (Kraus-10110)4 viewsPayable at the Girard Bank In Philadelphia, some 1100 miles distant from Brandon, this note appropriately enough bears two portraits of Stephen Girard as well as a vignette of Moneta that would eventually appear on T14 $50 Confederate Treasury Notes nearly 25 years later.SpongeBob
1902_Edward_VII_British_Trade_Dollar.JPG
BRITISH OVERSEAS TRADE. 1902 EDWARD VII AR DOLLAR4 viewsObverse: • ONE DOLLAR •. Britannia standing on shore, facing left, left hand gripping top of shield, right hand holding trident; ship in full sail sailing left behind her; 1902 in exergue.
Reverse: Arabesque design with a Chinese labyrinth, one of the many variations of the Chinese character "shou" for longevity, in the centre, and the denomination in two languages, Chinese and Jawi Malay, the two main languages of the intended areas of circulation.
Diameter: 39mm | Weight: 26.9gms.

The dies were originally designed by George William De Saulles (1862 - 1903), who was later responsible for Edward VII's portrait on the British coinage as well as the reverse of that king's iconic florin which has a passing resemblance to the portrayal of Britannia on this coin.

British Trade Dollars were a direct result of the Opium Wars which began when China tried to stop Britain from selling opium to its citizens. The loser, China, had to open up a number of ports to British trade and residence, as well as ceding Hong Kong to Britain. In the decades that followed, merchants and adventurers flocked to these areas, and international trade flourished. Foreign banks were established and silver coins from all over the world began arriving to pay for tea, silk and Chinese porcelain to be shipped abroad. With the extension of British trading interests throughout the East, it became necessary to produce a special Dollar so as to remove the reliance of a British Colony upon the various foreign coins then in circulation. These .900 fine silver British Trade Dollars began being minted in 1895 and were readily accepted as a medium of exchange throughout the area. They continued being minted up until 1935 when production ceased, but coins struck in 1934 and 1935 are very rare because they were not released into circulation and were mostly melted down. The coin was officially demonetised on August 1st, 1937.
To keep up with demand these coins were minted in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata) in India as well as at the Royal Mint in London. The London minted coins have no mint-mark but those struck at Bombay have the mint-mark “B” in the centre prong of Britannia's trident and those minted at Calcutta are marked with a small “C” in the ground between Britannia's left foot and the base of her shield. This coin is a product of the Bombay mint.
*Alex
Cales.jpg
Cales, Campania38 views265-240 BC
AE 22 (22mm, 6.32g)
O: Head of Athean left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, all within dotted border.
R: Cock standing right, star behind; CALENΩ downward to right, all within dotted border.
Sambon 916; HN Italy 435; SNG ANS 188; SNG Cop 322; Sear 548
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

This very common type, with Athena left and the cock/star reverse, was minted throughout the region, including Cales, Suessa Aurunca, Teanum Sinicinum in Campania and Aquinum in Latium, with only the ethnic varying. Speculation is that this suggests a monetary alliance between the various cities, but given the history of Campanian coining I wonder if a common mint may have produced them all, as we have seen with the MFB coins of Nola, Hyria and Neapolis?


2 commentsEnodia
Caligula_RIC_16.jpg
Caligula RIC 001677 viewsSH86638. Silver denarius, RIC I 16 (R2, Rome), RSC I 2, Lyon 167, BnF II 21, BMCRE I 17, cf. SRCV I 1807 (aureus), VF, toned, attractive portraits, bumps and marks, some pitting, lamination defects, ex jewelry, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, weight 3.443g, maximum diameter 18.2mm, die axis 180o, 2nd emission, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate head of Caligula right; reverse DIVVS AVG PATER PATRIAE (counterclockwise from lower right), radiate head of Divus Augustus right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 69 (23 July 2003), lot 90
Ex: Forum Ancient coins, March 2, 2018.


This is my second denarius of Gaius. I was extremely happy to get this one. I know the surfaces are a bit rough, but it is still a VF example of a rare coin. Denarii of Caligula do not show up for sale very often outside of large auction houses. When they do appear they are often very expensive. I waited for about 2 1/2 years for a coin like this to show up. As soon as it did I bought it.

I want to share a quick word about where I bought this coin. It was a purchase from Forum Ancient Coins. Coins are guaranteed authentic for eternity, and the service is second to none. Forum is also an incredible source of information concerning ancient coins. If you have a question about ancient coins, chances are that question has been asked and answered on Forum Ancient Coins. Many experts frequent this site and they are always willing to share their expertise.

Anyone trying to assemble a set of the 12 Caesars in silver will need to find a denarius of Gaius. His is one of the most difficult to add along with denarii of Claudius and Otho. It has also been suggested by some that it is the fault of 12 Caesars collectors that drives the prices so high. While true that there is a lot of competition for these coins when they appear, it is also true that there are alternatives to the denarii of Gaius. One popular choice is the Vesta As. These are quite common and can be had in nice condition for reasonable prices.

On the obverse we have the typical portrait of Gaius, while on the reverse we see a portrait of his great grandfather Augustus. Augustus is depicted as a Divus or god. The reverse legend "Pater Patriae" refers to Augustus as the father of the country. One reason Augustus was on the reverse was to remind the people of Rome of their emperor's connection to the Julio-Claudian ruling dynasty.

Why are denarii of Gaius so scarce? One explanation is has to do with Gresham's law or bad money drives out good money. The theory is that the monetary reforms of Nero, which debased to coinage in both weight and fineness, caused people to hoard the older more valuable coins of emperors like Caligula and Claudius. The problem with this explanation is that there are plenty of "tribute penny" denarii of Tiberius. The other possibility is that perhaps smaller numbers of Gaius' denarii were originally minted. Maybe there was already enough silver coinage circulating and therefore fewer were needed. Whatever the real reason, we are unlikely to ever get a satisfactory answer.
5 commentsorfew
moneta 165~0.jpg
CAMPGATE, Constantine I, Thessalonica, RIC VII 475289 viewsAE3
obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG. Laureate bust right.
rev: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG. Campgate with no doors, six stone layers, two turrets, star above.
exergue: PTR dot in crescent
Struck 326 A.D. at Trier
RIC VII 475
Jericho
1Campgate_barbarica.jpg
Campgate: Costantino II, AE3, prototipo argenteo (o barbarica), tipo zecca Nicomedia 20 viewsConstantine II as Caesar AE3
AE, gr 1,3, mm 17,02
D/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laurated bust left, draped & cuirassed
R/ PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets & a star above, MNB in ex
RIC VII Nicomedia 123
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (dal 1 febbraio 2013, numero catalogo 173); ex David Connors collection (Mount Vernon, WA Usa dal 2012); ex hoard turco-siriano (prima del 2012)
Nota: risponde al tipo dei prototipi di argentei, cioč "monete" di prova. L'alternativa č che sia una barbarica
paolo
1campgate_Galerio_unita.jpg
Campgate: Galerio, AE follis (ca 307 d.C.), zecca di Cyzicus14 viewsGalerius, AE Follis (c. 307 AD), Cyzicus
AE, gr. 4,32, mm. 23,8, qMB, R
D/ IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
R/ VIRTVS MILITVM, campgate surmounted by four beacons or turrets. Mintmark MK?
Ric VI 39, Cohen 228/229
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, numero catalogo 267, 4 gennaio 2017); ex Tintinna numismatica, asta 60 (Deamoneta) del 4 gennaio 2017, lotto 2203
paolo
1Licinio_I_Heraclea_unita.jpg
Campgate: Licinio I, AE3, zecca di Heraclea 12 viewsLicinio I (308-324 d.C.), follis ridotto, zecca di Heraclea
AE, 3,25 gr., 18,86 mm, BB
D/ IMP LICINIVS AVG, busto laureato verso sinistra con scettro e mappa
R/ PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, campgate, MHTA in ex
RIC 17
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 27 novembre 2014, numero catalogo 225), ex Asta Tintinna-Dea Moneta del 27 novembre 2014 (numero lotto 1587).
paolo
1Magno_Lugdunum_unita.jpg
Campgate: Magnus Maximus, AE2 (383-388 d.C.) zecca di Lugdunum9 viewsMagnus Maximus, Lugdunum mint, R
AE2. 1,22 gr., 13,50 mm, B
D/ DN MAG MAXI-MVS PF AVG, Busto drappeggiato e corazzato verso destra
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM campgate. LVG [.] in ex
RIC IX 36 var. (obverse legend)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia dal 20 dicembre 2015, numero catalogo 243); ex Asta Tintinna 51, Dea Moneta (San Marino, 20 dicembre 2015) lotto 2195; ex collezione Massimo Campani (Scandiano, Reggio Emilia, Italia, fino al 2015)
paolo
1VIII_campgate.jpg
Campgate: Valentiniano III, zecca di Roma (o imitazione vandala di Genserico)39 viewsVALENTINIANO III (425-455 d.C.), zecca di Roma (o imitazione vandala Genserico)
AE, 1,0 gr, 10 mm
D/ [D N VALЄN AVG], busto perlato, diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ [CAS-VIC], camp-gate con due torrette, stella in alto
RIC X 2160-2163
Nota dalla discussione sul FAC (dicembre 2012): "Se ufficiale e della zecca di Roma, oppure imitativa e battuta a Cartagine, i pareri si contrappongono e, ovviamente, ognuno ha argomenti a favore del proprio parere. Il Ric la colloca tra le monete ufficiali di Valentiniano III, ma dice anche che "attribution to the mint of Rome may be questioned. [...] The possibility that some at least are African should be retained...".
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (7 dicembre 2012, numero catalogo 170), ex Ricardo Veltri collection, Longchamps, Buenos Aires Argentina (prima del 2012)
paolo
Cappadocia,_Kings,_Ariarathes_IX,_AR_dr__99-85_BC__Diad_head_of_Ariarathes_IV_right__BASLIEWS_ARIARAQOU_EUSEBOUS,AN_IG(year-13)87-BC_BMC-6_Q-001_h_18mm_4,0g-s.jpg
Cappadocia, Kings, 011 Ariarathes IX. (99-85 B.C.), AR-Drachm, BMC-6, BAΣΛIEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY EYΣEBOYΣ, Athena Nicephorus standing left, #1137 viewsCappadocia, Kings, 011 Ariarathes IX. (99-85 B.C.), AR-Drachm, BMC-6, BAΣΛIEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY EYΣEBOYΣ, Athena Nicephorus standing left, #1
avers: Diademed head of Ariarathes IV right.
revers: BAΣΛIEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY EYΣEBOYΣ, Athena Nicephorus standing left, AN monogram in left field, holding Nike in right hand, shield and spear in left. date IΓ (regnal year 13 = 87 B.C.) in exergue.
exerg: -/-//IΓ, diameter:18mm, weight: 4,0g, axes: h,
mint: Cappadocia, Kings, Ariarathes-IX, date: IΓ (year-13), 87B.C., ref: BMC-6, SNG Copenhagen 900–903, Simonetta 9a, Hoover 845.
Q-001
quadrans
Cappadocia,_Kings,__Ariobarzanes_III_Eusebes_Philoromaios_52-42_BC,_Mt__Tauros_,_AR-Dr_,_SNG_Cop__162,_Q-001,_0h,_15,5-16,5mm,_3,58g-s.jpg
Cappadocia, Kings, 014 Ariobarzanes III. Eusebes Philoromaios (52-42 B.C.), AR-Drachm, SNG Cop. 162, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ...,Athena Nicephorus standing left, #170 viewsCappadocia, Kings, 014 Ariobarzanes III. Eusebes Philoromaios (52-42 B.C.), AR-Drachm, SNG Cop. 162, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΟΒΑΡΖΑΝΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ, Athena Nicephorus standing left, #1
avers: Diademed, bearded head of king right.
reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΟΒΑΡΖΑΝΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ, Athena Nikephoros standing left, star in a crescent to inner left, monogram to inner right, Θ (date, year=9) in exergue.
exergue: -/-//Θ, diameter:15,5-16,5mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cappadocia, Kings, Ariobarzanes III Eusebes Philoromaios, date: Θ (year-9), 44 B.C., ref: Simonetta 1b, SNG Copenhagen 162, SNG von Aulock 6327.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
CAPPADOCIA_Ariarathes_IX_AR_drachm.jpg
CAPPADOCIAN KINGDOM = Ariarathes IX28 viewsCAPPADOCIAN KINGDOM = Ariarathes IX AR drachm 99 - 85 B.C. Diademed head of Ariarathes IV right / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ, Athena Nicephorus standing left, AN monogram in inner left field, date ΙΓ (regnal year 13 = 87 BC) in exergue. SNG Copenhagen 900–903; Simonetta 9a; BMC-6dpaul7
Cappadocia_Arithes_V_Eusebes_Philopater_drachm.jpg
Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopater4 viewsAR drachm
18mm, 4.08 grams
163-130 BC, regnal yr 32 (130 BC)
Diademed head of Ariarathes V right
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ EYΣEBOYΣ, Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting hand on grounded shield set behind her; spear held in crook of arm; monograms to outer left, inner left and outer right; date (BΛ) in exergue.
Simonetta 11 (Ariarathes IV); SNG Copenhagen suppl. 643. EF
JBGood
Ariarathes_x.jpg
CAPPADOCIAN KINGDOM. Ariarathes X (42–36 BC). AR drachm 18 views Obv. Diademed head of Ariarathes X right
Rev. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ (of king Ariarathes, Pious and Philadelphos), Athena Nicephorus standing left, trophy in inner left field, ΠΑΜΟ monogram above date E (regnal year 5 = 38 BC) in inner right field.
Simonetta 2, Special thanks to Rover1.3 for attribution
1 commentsSkyler
CAPPADOCIAN_KINGDOM_Ariarathes_V.jpg
CAPPADOCIAN KINGDOM: Ariarathes V AR Drachm13 viewsOBVERSE: Diademed head of Ariarathes V right
REVERSE: Athena standing left, holding Nike & resting hand on grounded shield, HDI monogram in outer left field, PAFI monogram in inner left field, HF monogram in outer right field, date GL in exergue
Struck at Cappadocia, Year 33 (= 130 BC)
4.2g, 18mm
SNG Copenhagen Suppl. 673–678. Simonetta p. 24, 20b
Legatus
moneta.jpg
Caracalla (Aged. 25)38 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 213 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate head right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia. RSC 166owellber
RIC_Caracalla_SRCV_6821_Moneta.jpg
Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) (198-217 A.D.)8 viewsSRCV 6821, RIC IV 224, Van Meter 50.

AR Denarius, 3,36 g., 18.17 mm. max., 0°

Rome mint, 210-213 A.D.

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate bust right.

Rev: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB2.
Stkp
Caracalla_RIC_236.jpg
Caracalla - denarius RIC 23613 viewsCaracalla. Silver denarius, minted in Rome, 213 AD; 3.62g; obv. ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate head right; rev. MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia. RSC 166.

Ex F. R. Künker Auktion 143
Bartosz Awianowicz
IVi-224.jpg
Caracalla - Moneta50 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 213 (3.51gm)
RIC IVi.224, RCV.6821v (C)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: MONETA AVG
R: Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.

ex. Silenos
1 commentsPaul DiMarzio
Caracalla_limes_denarius,_226_AD.jpg
Caracalla AE limes denarius, c 226 AD37 viewsCaracalla
AE limes denarius
Rome?, c. 226 AD
ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
laureate head r.
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopia
RIC IV 224 (silver denarius)
Ardatirion
caracalla_ar_denarius.JPG
Caracalla AR Denarius 198 - 217AD54 views3.0 gm, 20 mm, Ref: Sear 88 1925, RIC 224, C 165 _8300
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
Reverse: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. sold
3 commentsAntonivs Protti
ccount1ORweb.jpg
Caracalla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, imitation of RIC IV 22414 viewsUnknown “mint”, Caracalla Base Metal Contemporary Counterfeit Denarius, 210-213 A.D.(?) AE, 19mm 3.42g, imitation of RIC IV 224, RSC 165
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
R: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
*note on the actual denarius, Moneta is facing left, the scale is also on the left with the cornucopiae on the right. This coin is exactly backwards.
casata137ec
caracalla15.jpg
Caracalla Denarius31 viewsCaracalla AR Denarius. Rome mint: AD 213-217
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM , Laureate head right
Rev: MONETA AVG - Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia =

RIC IVi, 308 - Cohen 167
Tanit
caracalla16.jpg
Caracalla Denarius19 viewsCaracalla, AR Denarius, 210-213, Rome
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS- AVG BRIT , Laureate head right
Rev: MONETA AVG , Moneta standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left

RIC IV, Part I, 224
Tanit
Caracalla_4_opt.jpg
CARACALLA Denarius RIC 224, MONETA49 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
2.28 grams, 19mm

Minted 211 AD
Legatus
Caracalla_Moneta_RIC_224.JPG
Caracalla Moneta RIC 22418 viewsCaracalla, Denarius, Rome, 213 AD, 2.96g, RIC 4a pg 244 224, RSC 165, Sear'88 #1925
OBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right
REV: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
Romanorvm
33881q00.jpg
Caracalla Moneta Silver Denarius48 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 224, RSC III 165, EF, Rome mint, weight 3.030g, maximum diameter 18.0mm, die axis 180o, 210 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left5 commentsTiberiusjulius
CARACALLA.jpg
Caracalla RIC IV#22412 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217. AR Denarius (3,48g). Rome mint. Struck AD 212-213.

Obv-ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.

Rev-MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

RIC IV 224; RSC 165.
Paul R3
Caracalla_131_396.jpg
Caracalla, 198–217 CE86 viewsAR denarius, Rome, 210 CE; 3.69g. BMCRE 105, RIC 231, RSC 632. Obv: ANTONINVS – PIVS AVG BRIT; head laureate right. Rx: VICTO – RIAE BRIT; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.

Notes: Second special issue of the joint reign of Severus, Caracalla, and Geta commemorating victories in Britain. Scarce; fewer than thirty specimens in the hoards studied by P.V. Hill (thirteen in Reka Devnia [nine in Sofia, the four Caracalla VICTORIAE BRIT denarii in Varna seem to have the wrong Cohen numbers]).

Provenance: Ex Berk BBS 131 (April 2003), lot 396; from the Curtis L. Clay Collection, acquired from dealer Mario Ratto, Milan (March 1967); from the Mazzini Collection, Turin.

Literature: Ing. G. Mazzini, Moneta Imperiali Romane, ed. Mario Ratto (Milan, 1957–8), vol. 3, pl. 37 (this specimen illustrated).
5 commentsMichael K5
CaraMoneta.JPG
Caracalla, 213 - 214 AD61 viewsANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG
Laureate bust right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
RIC 236, C 166
Rome
1 commentswhitetd49
Carausius_MONETA.png
Carausius Antoninianus - MONETA AVG7 viewsCarausius Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
Harry G
0571-320n.jpg
Carausius, Antoninianus - *140 viewsColchester mint ?
IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate bust right
MONITA (sic) AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
3,64 gr
Ref : RCV # 13629v, Cohen # 178 var, RIC, cf #867
3 commentsPotator II
Charles_de_Blois.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)17 viewsGros au lion
3,77g
27mm
+ . MONETA tręfle BRITAN '
"Monnaie de Bretagne"
Le lion de Flandres debout ŕ gauche dans une bordure de onze cercles séparés par des I et contenant un lion semblable au dessus de la croisette, et onze quintefeuilles évidées
ChA ROL LVS DVX
"Charles Duc"
+ BNDICTV :. SIT :. NOME :. DNI :. NRI :. HV :. XPI
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
Croix anglaise coupant la premičre légende
Jézéquel 159c
Bigot 425
de Mey 158 (double gros)
PYL
charles_de_blois_2.JPG
Charles de Blois (1319-1364)11 viewsGros au lion
3,95g
27mm
+ . MONETA tręfle BRITAN '
"Monnaie de Bretagne"
Le lion de Flandres debout ŕ gauche dans une bordure de onze cercles séparés par des I et contenant un lion semblable au dessus de la croisette, et onze quintefeuilles évidées
ChA RRO LVS DVX
"Charles Duc"
+ BNDICTV :. SIT :. NOME :. DNI :. NRI :. HV :. XPI
"Béni soit le nom de notre seigneur Dieu Jésus-Christ"
Croix anglaise coupant la premičre légende
Jézéquel 159b
de Mey 158 (double gros)
PYL
082~4.JPG
Charles IV, roi de France (1322-1328) - Double sol11 viewsDouble Parisis, argent, 1,09 g
A/ KAROLVS REX, couronne.
R/ MONETA DUPLEX, croix fleurdelisée.
Réfs : Duplessy 244b
Gabalor
Cherson-Bull-.jpg
Chersoneos City Issue, Bull and Deer76 viewsChersonesos City Issue, 300-290 BC, Bull and Virgo
AE 6.9gm/22mm
Obv/ KLEMYTADA; bull butting l., below legend, bow and long, thin quiver
Rev/ Virgo leaping l., spearing fallow deer.
Con/ EF, near-black patina. Very rare coin with an elegant reverse.
Ref/ Anokhin, Coins of the Chersonese (Monetnoe dela Chersonesa), no. 80, but giving the legend as KLEMYTADA; Anokhin lists only four varieties, with different names of magistrates.
Mayadigger
ORDO_CULTURE_SPEC_MONEY.jpg
CHINA - Ordos Culture66 viewsCHINA - Ordos Culture "Special Money" - AE Lattice piece with "+" character. Late Bronze Age, c. 1600-1200 B.C.E. 40 mm at longest part; about 19 mm wide. 3.5 g. This is described by some China monetary experts as a form of money; others say this is not the case - as with Bell Money, Bridge Money, etc. These experts seem to lean toward the theory that these were burial objects.
Per Wikipedia: The Ordos culture comprises the period from Upper Paleolithic to the late Bronze age at the Ordos Desert, in the south of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, about 300 kilometers from modern Beijing. The Ordos were predominantly Mongoloid, as known from their skeletal remains and artifacts, but numerous interactions between Europoid and Mongoloid might have also taken place in that region over the course of several centuries, until its occupation by Qin and Han dynasties.
dpaul7
WangMang2.jpg
China: Han Interregnum, Usurper Wang Mang, 7-22 A.D.89 viewsChina: Han Interregnum, Usurper Wang Mang, 7-22 A.D. AE24 mm, Cash. Obv: Huo Chuan. Schjoth-165.

"As soon as his [Wang Mang's] power was sufficiently consolidated, 3 years after his return to court, lists of his political opponents were drawn up, and hundreds were executed. Shortly after this he established a new penal colony in Tibet in the far West, a sort of ancient gulag. Unfortunately we have no direct account as to the nature of the crimes of those exiled to Tibet. In 6 AD the reins of power were still more firmly in his grasp, and Mang ordered his first reform of the coinage. Fundamentally this was a stratagem to nationalize the gold stocks, and put the empire back on a copper standard. Gold was requisitioned and exchanged against very high value bronze tokens. Two years later the tokens were demonetized. The cash assets of the aristocracy and the wealthy merchants must have been largely wiped out overnight. It is in the first couple of years of Mang's independent reign that the astonishing breadth of his reform proposals appear. His reforms include:

1) the abolition of slavery.
2) the nationalization of land.
3) standard plots of arable land for all adult males who wished to work them.
4) farming families grouped in hamlets of 6 or 8, with a common tax assessment.
5) a national bank offering fair rates of interest to all.
6) government market activity to counteract cornering and monopolization.
7) a new currency system in 15 denominations - circulating by government fiat.
8) defeat of the Huns

His new taxes include

taxes to be paid in cash or kind on cultivated land (one tenth)

triple rates to be paid on uncultivated land (parks and gardens etc.)

c) all self-employed or professional people outside farming shall register for income tax, which will be universally levied at 10% per annum. Those avoiding registration, or submitting false accounts to be sentenced to one years hard labour.

d) the state monopolies on iron, salt, silk, cloth and coinage to be retained

e) a new state monopoly on wine to be introduced.

Discussion of the proposals

1) Events in his private life show Mang's abhorrence of slavery. He vilified the political system of the legalists, established in the Chin dynasty (221-206 BC) specifically by alluding to the manner in which they established market places for male and female slaves, "putting human beings in auction pens as if they were cattle."

Reforms 2, 3, 5 & 6) The nationalization of land and its distribution amongst the peasant farmers themselves is of course one solution to the central economic problem in all pre-modern civilizations, (which presumably finds its roots in the bronze age and persisting right down to the machine age). Peasants must have security of tenure and just returns for their labour, otherwise they will not be encouraged to work effectively - and the state and all within it will thereby be impoverished. However if they are made private landowners then clever, unscrupulous, hard-working individuals within and outwith the peasantry will begin to gain land at the expense of their neighbours. The chief mechanisms of this gradual monopolization of the land by a class of people distinguished by their wealth are:

Preying upon private 'misfortune', (illness, death, and marriage expenses) by loansharking.
Preying upon public misfortunes (bad harvests) by loansharking.
Creating shortages by rigging the markets, exacerbating private and public misfortunes, and then loansharking.

Unfairly biasing tax assessments, creating and exacerbating private and public misfortunes, and then loansharking.

The end result of this tendency is likely to be that the bulk of farmers lack security of tenure and or just returns, and cease to work effectively, to the impoverishment of all. Reforms 2, 3 & 5 bear on this problem in an obvious way.

Reform 6 - the "Five Equalizations" is a little more complicated, so I shall explain it at greater length. Fundamentally it required the installation of government officials at the five important markets of the empire who would "buy things when they were cheap and sell them when they were dear." In more detail: "The superintendent of the market, in the second month of each of the four seasons, shall determine the true price of the articles under their responsibility, and shall establish high, middle and low prices for each type of item. When there are unsold goods on the market, the superintendent shall buy them up at the cost (low?) price. When goods become expensive (ie exceed the high price?) the superintendent shall intervene to sell goods from the official store (and thereby reduce the price)." The regulation thus allows markets to operate, but provides for state intervention to stop speculation . . . Mang's regulations allow for a review and revision of the trading bands four times a year.

4). In resettling the people securely on the land, Mang choose to group them into "chings" of 6 or 8 families - attempting to restore the traditional "well field" system. This provided for the regular exchange of land between the families, to give all a go at the best ground, and for joint responsibility for a common tax demand. The ching system was believed, by the Confucian party in the 1st century BC at least, to have been destroyed by the growth of mercantilist exploitation under the Chin legalists. There are hints that the state went on to use the ching structure in crime prevention measures, by making all members of the ching culpable for the unreported crime of any single member. The installation of a land nationalization scheme under the banner of a return to the ancient Chou system of 'chings' had a great deal of propaganda value amongst the Confucian elite which surrounded Mang. A sentimental view of rural working class life seems to be a common weakness amongst aristocratic and middle class intellectuals of all periods. Mang's own observations of the labouring poor would necessarily have been made at a distance - perhaps he too shared in this sentimental myopia. The evidence suggests that the peasantry did not welcome this aspect of the reforms

7) Food was the first concern of Confucian government, but coinage was the second. Only fair prices could encourage the farmers. Only markets could create fair prices. Only with coins could markets exist. Mang introduced a rational set of 15 denominations of coin, valued from 1 to 1,000 cash and circulated by government fiat. Mang did not invent the idea of fiat or fiduciary currency, a brief attempt had been made to circulate one in China a century earlier. However Mang was the first to systematically think through the matter in a practical context, and to apply it over a protracted period. Future successful ancient and medieval experiments with fiat currency, first in China, then in Japan and Central Asia, and unsuccessful ones in medieval India and Persia all looked back - directly or indirectly - to Mang. The first successful fully fiduciary currencies in Europe are products of the 20th century, more than 700 years after Europeans became aware of Chinese practices. (I am neglecting a great deal of late Roman copper coin here of course. I am by no means knowledgeable on such coins, but my understanding is that in principle, if not in practice, Rome was generally on the silver or the gold standard, and copper was exchangeable on demand.) On my own reading of the text, Mang's main concern is to get gold and silver off the market, so they could not be used to bid his tokens down - his coinage was intended to replace gold coinage, not supplement it."--Robert Tye

For a more complete study of Wang Mang, see Robert Tye's compositon about this enigmatic leader at http://www.anythinganywhere.com/info/tye/Wang%20Mang.htm
Cleisthenes
1salbris_completa.jpg
Claudio II il Gotico, Salbris hoard, Boyd coll R/AEQVITAS AVG47 viewsClaudius II (268-270 d.C.)
AE Antoninianus, gr. 3,1, mm 20, qBB
D/ IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, busto radiato, corazzato e drappeggiato a dx
R/ AEQVITAS AVG, Equitŕ stante a sin., regge bilancia e cornucopia
RIC15 var, Cohen 10.
Nota: potrebbe essere anche RIC14 var o not in RIC. Il RIC15 non contempla il drappeggiamento dell'imperatore sul D/, la legenda del RIC14 č IMP C CLAUDIVS AVG, mentre quella di questa moneta č IMP CLAVDIVS AVG
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (2 dicembre 2009, numero archivio 5), ex W.C. Boyd collection (1842-1906). Acquisita dallo stesso Boyd dal Salbris hoard (Francia) probabilmente nel 1902, ex Baldwin auction 42 2005 lotto 650, ex Lee Toone collection (Aberford, Leeds Uk) fino al 2009.
paolo
ex_Turner.jpg
Claudio II, radiato barbarico (minimus o conio Felicissimus). Ex William Turner Collection (1792-1867)32 viewsClaudius II Gothicus
Radiato imitativo (minimus), zecca non ufficiale (originale zecca di Roma), circa 270 d.C.
AE, 0,817 gr, 12,5 mm, 0°, F
D/ DIVO CLAVDIO, testa radiata a dx
R/ CONSECRATIO, altare fiammeggiante
cf SRCV III 11462 and RIC V 261 (ufficiale, zecca di Roma)
Provenienza: ex William Turner Collection, lotto 396 (questa moneta). Acquisita da Turner tra il 1812 e il 1817. Collezione lasciata in ereditŕ nel 1867 al figlio Mansfield Turner, morto nel 1901. Poi rimasta in famiglia e dispersa dal pronipote di William Turner nel 1987. Ex Alex G Malloy collection, New York. Ex FAC, Morehead City, Usa. Acquisita nell'aprile 2012.
NOTA: peso e diametro sono compatibili con le coniazioni "barbariche minime", ma la qualitŕ delle immagini e delle iscrizioni oltreché la provenienza mediorientale (la moneta č entrata nella collezione Turner tra il 1812 e il 1820 durante la sua permanenza nell'Impero Ottomano) inducono a considerare questo antoniniano come prodotto dalle zecche non ufficiali romane all'epoca di Felicissimus, regnante Aureliano.
paolo
moneta_575.jpg
Claudius Gothicus Antoninianus: Rome or Antioch? 204 viewsCurtis Clay posted on the discussion board: A. Markl, Mints and Issues of Claudius Gothicus (in German), Num. Zeitschrift 16, 1884, notes that Antioch and Rome share the same officina marks and some of the same rev. types, but the marked coins are easily separated, since Antioch always has obv. leg. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG and officina letter IN EXERGUE, whereas Rome-mint coins with letters in exergue only began in Issue 3 with shortened obv. leg. IMP CLAVDIVS AVG.

Moreover Rome and only Rome usually writes IIIIIP for IMP in obv. leg. (your coin has more IVI for the M, which Markl says also occurs at Antioch).

Finally Antioch coins "are usually on nicely rounded flans and are struck in better billon than the antoniniani of other mints, and are also found more often with an intact silver coating."

Markl, a retired army officer, was a specialist collector of Claudius and the first man to clearly distinguish the different mints of the antoniniani and to put the production of each mint in approximate chronological order.
Joe Sermarini
1a.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, Antiochia mint, R/NEPTVN AVG (Braithwell hoard)105 viewsClaudio il Gotico (268-270 d.C.), zecca di Antiochia, ex Braithwell hoard
AE, 2.53 gr.,19 mm, BB (VF)
D/ IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, busto radiato a dx
R/ NEPTVN AVG, Nettuno stante a sx. con delfino e tridente, B in ex
RIC 214; Cohen 183, Braithwell Report #128 (questa moneta)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (3 novembre 2008, numero catalogo 23), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
111Claudio_II_Gotico.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, Roma mint, R/ ANNONA AVG (Braithwell hoard)43 viewsClaudio II il Gotico (268-270 d.C.), antoniniano, zecca di Roma
Ć, 3.07gr., 24,0 mm; B (F-)
D/ IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, busto radiato e drappeggiato a dx
R/ ANNONA AVG, Annona stante a sx, piede su una prora, cereali alle orecchie e cornucopia
RIC 18; Cohen 21, Braithwell Report #75 (questa moneta)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 aprile 2008, numero catalogo 44), ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, London-New York, 2007), ex CNG auction 176 (London, 2007, nel lotto 338), ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
clause03-2~0.jpg
Claudius, RIC 96, Sestertius of AD 41-50 37 viewsĆ sestertius (26.7g, Ř34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-50.
Obv.: TI·CLAVDIVS CAESAR·AVG·PM TR P IMP , laureate head of Claudius facing right.
Rev.: EX SC / OB / CIVES / SERVATOS in four lines within an oak wreath.
RIC 96; BMC 115; Cohen 39; Sear 2000 (RCV) 1849; Foss (RHC) 63:3

This coin was first struck in the year of Claudius' accession, 41 AD. "OB CIVIS SERVATOS" means "For saving all the citizens". Claudius had revoked the law of maiestas, which had allowed emperors like Tiberius to destroy opponents by accusing them of treason. Claudius also recalled exiles, reduced taxes, and awarded the Praetorian Guard the largest monetary gift (Donativum) ever given by an emperor. Therefore, he was considered worthy of the civic wreath (corona civica) and clupeus virtutis.
1 commentsCharles S
0160-320~0.jpg
Commodus, Middle bronze - 009565 viewsRome mint, AD 190
M COMM ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT PP, laureate head right
APOL MONETAE P M TR P XV IMP VIII, Apollo, standing right, leaning on column. COS- VI and S-C in field
11.06 gr, 26 mm
Ex. Pscipio
1 commentsPotator II
Constance_Ier_Chlore_15.jpg
Constance Ier Chlore - 4299 viewsFL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
MONETA SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
ATR
RIC 429 (premičre Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
inconnu pour cette officine
ZSCHUCKE 205c (6b émission - 301)
PYL
Constance_Ier_Chlore_20.jpg
Constance Ier Chlore - 44812 viewsFL VAL CONSTANTIVS N C
MONETA . S . AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
BTR
RIC 448 (premičre Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 271c (8e émission - 302)
PYL
coin_4_quart.jpg
CONSTANS PF AVG / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE4 follis (337-350 A.D.)29 viewsCONSTANS - PF AVG, (laurel and?) rosette-diademed, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right / GLORI - A EXER - CITVS, two soldiers facing each other, holding spears and shields, with one standard between them, the device on banner difficult to discern, maybe a little dot or O. Mintmark: SMTSA or SMTSΔ in exergue.

AE4, 16mm, 1.37g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor. Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMTSA/Δ= Sacra Moneta Thessalonica, officina A or Δ (i. e. workshop #1 or #4).

CONSTANS - PF AVG legend and Thessalonica mint for a one standard design point at just a single type: RIC VIII Thessalonica 57, with both SMTSA and SMTSΔ mintmarks possible. Minting date listed for this type is late, 346-348 A.D.

Flavius Julius Constans Augustus. Born c. 323. The third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and his second wife Fausta. Caesar since Dec 333 (to his father, who was the only Augustus before his death in 337 -- and together with his brothers Costantine II (eldest) and Constantius II (middle), who were elevated to caesars earlier).

Augustus since Sept 337, also joint with his brothers (Constantius got the East while the other brothers shared the West). At first he was under guardianship of Constantine II, but that relationship was very quarrelsome. In 340 Constantine II was killed in an ambush during military operations against Constans' troops in Italy, and Constans inherited his portion (i.e. the whole West) of the Empire.

As an emperor Constans led a few successful military campaigns and was also known for his activity regarding religions: was tolerant to Judaism, promulgated an edict banning pagan sacrifices, suppressed Donatism in Africa and championed Nicene Orthodoxy against Arianism (which was supported by Constantius, this led to open warfare between the brothers). He was openly homosexual, which ultimately led to his downfall: the army was tired of the rule of Constans' favorites and barbarian bodyguards, of whom he was very fond of. Assassinated by usurper Magnentius, who led the army revolt, in Feb 350. His only remaining brother, Constantius later defeated Magnentius and consolidated the whole empire under himself.
Yurii P
ConstantineII.jpg
Constantine II27 viewsConstantine II as Caesar 317-337 ad
sone of Constantine the great
AE3
obv. Constantine II right, diademed and draped
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C (junior noble caesar)
rev. millitary camp gate w/ 2 turrets
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (for thought of the 2 caesars)
SMKD (sacra, moneta kyzikus delta)
randy h2
Constantine I- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory.jpg
Constantine The Great- City of Constantinopolis Commemorative Victory132 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Obverse:
CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Constantinopolis' helmeted bust left in imperial cloak and holding scepter across left shoulder

City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 -335 A.D.

Reverse:
Victory standing left, foot on prow or ship, holding spear and shield. The Constantinopolis coin depicts the foot of Victory on a prow, which is the bow of a ship.

Domination: Silver, Size: 18 mm. Rare to see so much silvering on a Constantinopolis, but it always seems to be Alexandria that it survives on.

Mint: exergue is SMALB (Sacra Moneta ALexandria officina B second officina), which is Alexandria. RIC VII Alexandria 64 r1 A.D. 333-335.

Coin rated: Very Fine
4 commentsJohn Schou
coin11_quart.jpg
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (the 1st) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3 follis (306-337 A.D.) 23 viewsCONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, (laureate?) and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, facing each other, two standards between them, dots on banners. Mintmark SMKB in exergue

AE3, 17.5-19mm, 1.50g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

MAX AVG = Maximus Augustus, the Great Emperor, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMKB = Sacra Moneta of Cyzicus (Κύζικος, now Erdek, Balıkesir Province, Turkey), officina #2

Because of the horrible surface it was very difficult to determine the type of this coin. And then I suddenly realized that the head breaks the obverse legend, and so even though it is mostly undecipherable, this immediately excludes all the ...IVN NOB C types of the three Constantine's sons. And thus we can be sure that it is a ...MAX AVG obverse of the father! By carefully looking at the second part of the legend and counting the letters I have confirmed that it is indeed NVS...AVG. Of course, the larger size and the general outlook of the head also points towards Constantine I.

The mintmark is, luckily, much more readable and with significant certainty one can see SMKB. Which points towards RIC VII Cyzicus 78 type. There is a good WildWinds example of a different officina of the same type: http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/constantine/_cyzicus_RIC_vII_078.4.jpg The sources mention that this coin was minted on 330-335 A.D.

Constantine I the Great (reign 306-337), see more info at
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147487
Yurii P
coin_5_quart.jpg
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG (the 1st) / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3/4 follis (306-337 A.D.)19 viewsCONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, (laurel and?) rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing inward facing each other, holding spears, shields and two standards between them, "dot" (clearly filled) on banners. Mintmark: SMNE (?) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16.5-17mm, 2.46g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

MAX AVG = Maximus Augustus, the Great Emperor, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) "The Glory of the Army", SMNE = Sacra Moneta Nicomedia, "officina epsilon", i. e. workshop#5.

Limiting information to only what is known for sure: the legends with the particular breaks, two standards and four-letter mintmark starting with SM, we conclude that this is definitely Constantine I, and only 3 mints are possible: SMN... Nicomedia (RIC VII Nicomedia 188), SMH... Heraclea (RIC VII Nicomedia 111) and SMK... Cyzicus (RIC VII Cyzicus 76-79). All are minted in 330-335 A.D. If the mintmark is indeed SMN..., two variations are listed: rosette-diademed and laurel- and rosette-diademed (laurels typically designated by longish shapes and rosettes as squares with dots). Since the obverse is worn, it is difficult to judge which one is the case here. One can definitely see the rosettes, but as for laurels... probably, not. Officina may be E or S, but I think E fits better.

Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus, aka Constantine the Great, aka Saint Constantine, born 27 Feb c. 272 to Flavius Valerius Constantius (aka Constantius I), a Roman Army officer of Illyrian origins, and a Greek woman of low birth Helena (aka Saint Helena). His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under Emperors Diocletian and Galerius. In 305, Constantius raised himself to the rank of Augustus, senior western emperor, and Constantine was recalled west to campaign under his father in Britannia (Britain). Constantine was acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father's death in 306 AD, and he emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against Emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD. He did so many a great deed that there is no point to list them here. Best known for (having some sort of Christ-related mystical experience in 312, just before the decisive Battle of the Milvian Bridge with Maxentius) being the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity and for being a champion of this faith, in particular, he played an influential role in the proclamation of the Edict of Milan in 313, which declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire, and called the First Council of Nicaea in 325 that produced the statement of Christian belief known as the Nicene Creed. Died 22 May 337, famously being baptized on his deathbed. Succeeded by his 3 sons: Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans.
Yurii P
TC-03.jpg
Constantius I (A.D. 305-306)25 viewsSilvered Follis, A.D. 302-303 (As Caesar), Rome, 30.1mm, 8.45g, 180°, RIC VI 104a.
Obv: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES. Laureate head right.
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN. Moneta standing left, scale in right, cornucopia in left; star in field, RT in ex.
Joseph D5
Constantius_I_2~0.jpg
CONSTANTIUS I AE Follis39 viewsOBVERSE: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laurate bust, right
REVERSE: SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in right field. Mintmark RT
Struck at Rome 302-303 AD
8.8g, 27mm
RIC VI 106a
Legatus
Constantius_Moneta_T_club.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus - AE follis9 viewsRome
300-301 AD
laureate head right
CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Moneta standing slightly left, holding scales and cornucopia
SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
T club
RIC VI Rome 102a
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
201909098FKGAZ8VGvwQ5TfF_mwL0r_large.jpeg
Constantius I Chlorus as Caesar. AE Large Follis. 300-303 AD.8 viewsTicinum mint. (30 mm, 11.90 g).
Obv. CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, right holding scales, left cornucopiae.
Ex. TT(dot).
RIC 46a
Ruslan K
Constantius I D 1.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus Follis52 viewsAE Follis. Obv.: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES ; Rev.: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN ; Moneta stg. l.Tanit
Constantius I D 2.jpg
Constantius I Follis36 viewsAE Follis.
Obv.: CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Rev.: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN ; Moneta stg. l.
Tanit
Const_13.jpg
Constantius I Follis37 viewsAE Follis
Obv: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
Rev: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN ; Moneta stg. l.
Tanit
Constantius~0.jpg
Constantius I unlisted Follis57 viewsIMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG
Laureate head of Constantius right

SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae

R P in exer

Rome mint

9.32g

RIC 120a, attested with officina S, Vienna, scarce.
new officina P not in RIC rare

King & Spaer, Num. Chron. 1977, #1030-1037 (only 8 specimens in this hoard)
RIC VI Rome 120a var (mintmark) R 305

This is the wildwinds example coin
Jay GT4
armorica_quart.jpg
Coriosolite Bi "boar" stater, region: Armorica (Brittany and Channel Islands), c. 56 BC24 viewsSlightly oval shape, obverse convex, reverse a bit concave. 19-20+mm, 2+mm thick, 5.05g, die axis 6h (coin alignment), material: billon of unknown silver and other metal content.

Obverse: stylized head of a god right (Celtic "Apollo", most probably a Sun or sky god) with three plaits of curly hair forming the triskelion-like spiral pattern, reverse: stylized charioteer driving a chariot right with a boar right under the horse and a curl and leaf device in front of it.

The design is loosely based on golden staters of Philip II of Macedon with laureate head of Apollo right on obverse and a charioteer driving a biga (Mediterranean two-horse chariot) right on reverse.

ID: since the obverse is worn off, it is impossible to determine exactly the variety of this coin. but the reverse features such as no reins, chariot driver's head has no long "nose" and even the weak obverse and strong clear reverse all point to series Y. The pellet eye of the pony, no ears, characteristic shape of the pony's head, "weird" driver and the leaf and curl rather than the quadrilateral banner all point to class I (roman numeral), most probably its middle group I (letter), but earlier group H or later transitional groups J or even K of class III are also possible (only the shape of the eye and nose on the obverse would have allowed to tell definitely). This is a well-developed middle chronological type, minted somewhere west of the river Rance.

Mythological and symbolic connotations of this design are very complex. The spirals (here present in the god's hair and as the device before the horse) were one of the most important Celtic symbols, with its main meaning related to the Sun and life (e. g. the Sun's "growing" from winter to summer solstice and then dwindling back, growing from child to adult, leaves and vines unfolding etc.) The double spiral meant life and death or death and rebirth, the cycle of seasons, that sort of thing. The triple spiral or triskelion was probably of the biggest mystical significance, connected to the godhead, with meaning like past+present+future = eternity or morning + day + evening = time. It definitely had to do with the change of seasons, flow of time, power over life and death. Thus the god's hear all made out of spirals with three main spiral branches. The charioteer also probably represents a deity, probably the same deity representing light and life, hunting the boar representing darkness and death. The boar symbol (if one looks closely, there is a rising or setting sun symbol -- a pellet within a circle over a line -- between the boar's legs) is connected to the darkness because boars are dark and their tusks look like crescent moons. They are also parts of many myths, e. g. Greek darkish stories of the Calydonian Boar hunted by Meleager and his many hero comrades or the Erymanthian boar killed by Heracles as his fourth (by some counts) labor: Celts shared the Greek mythological tradition, but probably imbued it with many of their own mythological connotations. God hunting the boar probably symbolizes the same as the spirals in the obverse: changing of seasons, passing of time, life and rebirth etc.

Coriosolites were a Gallic tribe. In the 1st century BC they were living in the so called "Armorica" (ar mor = by the sea) -- a region of modern Brittany around the river Rance roughly to the south of Jersey. They probably migrated there from Rhineland, running away from the Germanic expansion, since they share some cultural features with the Celtic tribes of the Rhine. This tribe on its own was hardly of much significance compared to the other neighboring Gallic tribes (Unelli, Osismii, Veneti, Redones, Abrincatui etc.), but their coin making is among the best studied of all the Celts because several huge hoards of their coins were discovered in Brittany and Jersey, and studied in detail. When Romans led by Julius Caesar came to conquer Gaul, Coriosolites were actively resisting, first on their own, then as a part of the local tribal union and, finally, contributed to Vercingetorix's war effort. The minting of these coins and hoarding them was probably related to these war activities and subsequent defeat, so since series Y is in the middle of the chronology, it can probably be dated around the middle of the Gallic wars (58 - 50 BC), but since the main event in Armorica, the stand off with Viridovix, happened in 57-56 BC, that's probably the best guess.

In addition to Caesar himself, two other Roman generals who fought Coriosolites should be mentioned: Publius Licinius Crassus (86|82? - 53 BC), a son of Marcus Licinius Crassus, Caesar's co-triumvir, who led the initial assault on Armorica, and Quintus Titurius Sabinus, who defeated the union of three Gallic tribes (Unelli, Curiosolitae, and Lexovii) under the chieftain Viridovix in 56 BC. Ironically to our discussion, when Crassus went back to Rome, his first office there was a monetalis, i. e. a Republican official with authority to issue coins.

A lot more about this type of coins can be learned here:
http://www.writer2001.com/exp0002.htm
Yurii P
104.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise45 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 Vladislavs D
103.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise94 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 1 commentsVladislavs D
Crawford_480_4.jpg
crw 480/4 . Julius Caesar. 44 B.C. AR denarius 64 viewsJulius Caesar. Rome mint, moneyer L. Aemilius Buca, lifetime issue c. mid Jan - Feb 44 B.C. ; AR denarius ( fragment ) .
14 mm, 1.26 g.
Obverse: Wreathed head of Julius Caesar right, CAESAR IMP before, P M divided by large crescent with horns up behind .
Reverse: Venus standing left, Victory in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, L AEMILIVS before, BVCA behind .
Crawford 480/4; HCRI 102; Sydenham 1060; RSC 22
Ex Moneta Numismatic Services
3 commentsVladislav D
D_Junius_Brutus_Albinus.jpg
D Junius Brutus Albinus Denarius 48 B.C.70 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV I 427, Sydenham 942, Crawford 450/2, RSC I Postumia 10, VF, Rome mint, 48 B.C.; obverse head of Pietas right, hair in a bun, cruciform earring and pearl necklace, PIETAS behind; reverse clasped hands holding winged caduceus, ALBINVS·BRVTI·F below; Lovely dark toning with iridescent blue highlights.

Ex Hess / Divo 314
Ex Moneta Nova
Not the famous Brutus but still one of the assasins of Caesar.
1 commentsPhiloromaos
00diocaquileia.jpg
DIOCLETIAN 18 viewsAE follis. Aquileia , 301 AD. 10.18 gm. Laureate head right. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue AQP.
RIC VI 31 a.
Ex Barry P. Murphy.
benito
00diocletianmonet.jpg
DIOCLETIAN35 viewsAE follis. Aquileia , 301 AD. 10.18 gm. Laureate head right. IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue AQP.
RIC VI 31 a.
benito
00diocletianmonet2.jpg
DIOCLETIAN21 viewsAE Follis. Ticinum 300-303 AD. 10,74 grs. Laureate head right . IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. / Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR. In exergue ST (dot)
RIC 45 a.
benito
diocletiansacrasisg.jpg
Diocletian 284-305, AE Follis Sisca27 views Obv. IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG Laureate head right
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopia.
SIS in exergue
1 commentsSkyler
roman18.jpg
Diocletian AE Follis38 views302-303 AD. Aquileia mint.
Obv.: IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG - Laureate head of Diocletian.
Rev.: SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR - Moneta holding scales and cornucopiae. AQP in ex. VI in r. field.
RIC 35a
2 commentsMinos
Diocletian_Aquileia.png
Diocletian Aquileia13 viewsDiocletian
Reigned 284-305

O: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, Laureate bust right

R: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, AQS mintmark

RIC VI Aquileia 29a
Gao
2.jpg
Diocletian Billon Follis (300-301AD)36 viewsDiocletian Billion Follis circa 300-301AD
Ticinum mint 12.25gm
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANUS P F AVG
Laureate head (r)
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR
Moneta standing left holding scales and
Cornucopiae. ST in exgergue
Ric 43a
sean c2
diocl_follis.jpg
Diocletian Follis32 viewsAE Follis (Post-Reform)
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR / TT dot in ex.; Moneta stg. l
Tanit
Dioclétien_moneta.jpg
Diocletian Follis11 viewsGinolerhino
Diocletian~3.jpg
Diocletian Follis23 viewsAE Follis (Post-Reform)
Obv: IMP DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Rev: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR / PT dot in ex.; Moneta stg. l
Tanit
diocletian_103.jpg
Diocletian RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a)49 viewsDiocletian 284 - 305
AE - AE 2, 10.5g, 25mm
Ticinum 2. officina, ca. 300- 303
obv. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
laureate head r.
rev. SACRA MONET AVGG - CAESS NOSTR
Moneta standing l., r. holding scales, r. cornucopiae
exergue: ST dot
RIC VI, Ticinum 43(a); C.436
VF
added to www.wildwinds.com
1 commentsJochen
dio_new_com.JPG
Diocletian SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR RIC VI Ticinum 45a 52 viewsAE 28 mm 8.5 grams 300-303 AD
OBV :: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. Large Laureate head right
REV :: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing right holding scales and cornucopia
EX :: TT dot
REF :: RIC VI Ticinum 45a
Purchased 08/2010

new photo
1 commentsJohnny
diocletiansacrast.jpg
Diocletian, AE folis, Ticinum 38 views Obv. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
STdot in exergue, RIC 45A, S
1 commentsSkyler
20190831z7MkpdS6lE193HYr_vfwfR_large.jpeg
Diocletian. AE Follis c. 300-303 AD.9 viewsTicinum (Pavia) mint,(27 mm, 11,3 g).
Obv. IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, right holding scales, left cornucopiae; ST· in exergue.
RIC VI Ticinum 43a.
Ruslan K
00369q00.jpg
Diocletianus5 viewsAE Reduced Sestertius
IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG; Laureate and draped bust to right, seen from behind.
IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG; Jupiter stg. left holding thunderbolt and long sceptre.
Ex:-
Rome
RIC 202 ( described as Semis)
25mm / 5.15 gr.
Note: One of the last Sestertii that were issued before the monetary-reform of Diocletian.
After the reign of Gallienus, the Sestertii were reduced drastically.
With the monetary reform of Aurelianus the letters S C on all the the Bronze coins disapear.
Julianus of Pannonia
Dioclétien_19.JPG
Dioclétien - 544a14 viewsIMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN
S F
ITR
RIC 544a (premičre Tétrarchie - 8e émission - 302/303)
ZSCHUCKE 312a (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
Dioclétien_21.JPG
Dioclétien - 544a15 viewsIMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG
MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN
S F
IITR
RIC 544a (premičre Tétrarchie - 8e émission - 302/303)
ZSCHUCKE 312a (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
coin_7_ALL.jpg
DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG (the 2nd) / FEL TEMP REPARATIO AE3/4 follis (337-361 A.D.)36 viewsDN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Soldier spearing fallen horseman in Phrygian helmet, who is reaching backwards. Mintmark SMHΔ (or A) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16-16.5+mm, 1.95g, die axis 12 (medal alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy

DN = Dominus Noster = Our Lord, P F AVG = Pius Felix Augustus = the pius (dutiful) and fortunate (happy) emperor, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO (or FELicis TEMPoris REPARATIO) = re-establishment of the happy times, SMH = Sacra Moneta Heraclea, officina #1 (alpha) or #4 (delta). Heraclea is now Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey.

Despite the second part of the obverse legend being almost lost, this can only be Constantius II: a Constans' coin would have had a break after DN CONSTA- and a Constantius Gallus' one wouldn't have had a pearl-diademed bust. Also, the last letters of the legend seem to be VG. Factoring in the Phrygian helmet and the reaching back stance of the horseman, very clear H in the mintmark (Heraclea) and absence of any field marks, we can conclude that this must be a variety of RIC VIII Heraclea 90 type. This type should be 17-19mm in size, which is also consistent with this coin. Some sources remark that the fallen horseman type was introduced by Constans and Constantius only in 348, so this coin can be dated 348-361 A.D.

Constantius II (caesar 324-, augustus 337-361), see more info at http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147501
2 commentsYurii P
00080-Domitian.JPG
Domitian13 viewsDomitian AS
28 mm 11.67 gm
O: IMP CAESAR DOMIT AVG GER COS XII CENS PER P P
Laureate head right
R: MONETA AVGVSTI S C
Moneta standing left
John Campbell
00052.jpg
Domitian (RIC 270, Coin #52)19 viewsRIC 270 (C), AE AS, Rome, 85 AD.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI Laureate head right wearing aegis.
Rev: MONETA AVGVST S C Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae. S C across fields.
Size: 27.7mm 10.98gm
MaynardGee
00029.jpg
Domitian (RIC 408, Coin #29)12 viewsRIC 408, Copper AS, Rome, 92 - 94 AD.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P Laurate head right.
Rev: MONETA AVGVSTI S C Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Size: 27.4mm 10.72gm
MaynardGee
Domitian_-_Moneta.jpg
Domitian - Moneta16 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS PER P P, laureate head right
Rev: MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
Size: 27mm, 10.1gm
Mint: Rome
Id: RIC 383, Sear5 2807
ickster
Domitian_2_opt.jpg
DOMITIAN AE As RIC 384, Moneta28 viewsOBV: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT P P, laureate head right, aegis at tip of bust
REV: MONETA AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae
11.7g, 27mm

Minted at Rome, 85 AD
Legatus
domitian-moneta-merged.jpg
Domitian AE As, 81-96 AD16 viewsRoman Imperial, Domitian AE As, (81-96 AD), 8.8g, 27mm

Obverse: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, Laureate head right.

Reverse: MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae.

Reference: RIC 756, Cohen 333.

Ex: David Murrey
Gil-galad
Domitian7_opt.jpg
DOMITIAN AE As, RIC 756, Moneta40 viewsOBV: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right
REV: MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia
10g, 26mm

Minted at Rome, 92-4 AD
Legatus
domitian_as.png
Domitian AE As. 85 AD. RIC 3038 viewsDomitian AE As. 85 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, laureate head right, wearing aegis / MONETA AVGVST S-C, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Cohen 325 corr. RIC 303
10.63gm. - 28mm.
Britanikus
BrettDomitianAs.jpg
Domitian As94 viewsLaureate head right, IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, MONETA AVGVSTI S-C. Rome mint, AD 92. RIC II 408 (pg. 205).
socalcoins
Domitian 2 D.jpg
Domitian As36 viewsDomitian Ć As. 85 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, laureate head right, wearing aegis / MONETA AVGVST S-C, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae.

RIC 270 , Cohen 325 corr.
Tanit
Domitian 7 D.jpg
Domitian As38 viewsDomitian Ć As. 85 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, laureate head right, wearing aegis / MONETA AVGVST S-C, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae.

RIC 270 , Cohen 325 corr.
Tanit
Domit_As_2.jpg
Domitian As21 viewsDomitian Ć As. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right / MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

RIC 408 , Cohen 333.
Tanit
Domitian_As_Moneta.jpg
Domitian As Moneta60 viewsObv.
IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI
Laureate head right, wearing aegis

Rev.
MONETA AVGVSTI
SC
Moneta standing with scales and cornucopia
ancientdave
Domitian_Moneta.JPG
Domitian Moneta19 viewsDomitian, 81-96 AD, Bronze AE As, RIC 493, 28mm, 9.6g
Struck 86 AD.
OBV: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XII CENS PER P P, laureate bust right
REV: MONETA AVGVSTI S-C, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae

The reverse of this coin commemorates the establishment of a new mint to replace the one that had been in the temple of Juno Moneta in AD 84.
Romanorvm
Domitian_RIC_301a.jpg
Domitian RIC 301a7 viewsAs, 85
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT P P
Laur. r.
Rev: MONETA AVGVST - S C
Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.
28mm, 11.83g
klausklage
Domitian_RIC_II_144~0.jpg
Domitian RIC II 014430 viewsDomitian 81-96 A.D. A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 82-83 A.D. (3.31g, 18.3mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CASES DOMITIANVS AVG PM, laureate head right. Rev: IVPPITER CONSERVATOR, eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings outspread, head left. RIC II 144 (R).

Despite the flan crack, I like this obverse which has a full and sharp legend. This would have been issued after Domitian’s monetary reform returning the silver content of imperial denarii to pre-Neronian times. This also has a wide flan and is well toned.
2 commentsLucas H
D221.jpg
Domitian RIC-22148 viewsĆ As, 10.23g
Rome mint, 84 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS X; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r., with aegis
Rev: MONETA AVGVST; S C in field; Moneta stg. l., with scales and cornucopiae
RIC 221 (C2). BMC 288. BNC 304.
Acquired from Marti Classical Numismatics, September 2018.

In 82 Domitian reformed the coinage by increasing the weight of the gold and fineness of the silver. Production of the bronze coinage was suspended while the mint was reorganised and resumed in 84 with new reverse types. Appropriately, one of the first types struck on the bronze after the coinage reform was Moneta, 'mint goddess of the emperor'. Mattingly believes Moneta in this context can be seen as symbolising Domitian's control of the mint and as paymaster to the empire. A fitting reverse design for an emperor who cared so much for his coinage.

Superb portrait and nice brown patina.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
D333aa.JPG
Domitian RIC-333109 viewsAR Denarius, 3.19g
Rome mint, 85 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT•P•P•; Minerva stg. r. on capital of rostral column, with spear and shield; to r., owl (M2)
RIC 333 (R2). BMC specimen acquired 1987. RSC 180. BNC 80.
Acquired from Germania Inferior, January 2018.

In 82 Domitian increased the silver fineness of the denarius to nearly 100% purity. Three years later in mid 85 the fineness was again adjusted, this time downward to c. 90%, presumably for monetary or fiscal reasons. Domitian also assumed the powers of censor in April of 85 which was recorded on the coinage. The title was successively contracted in three issues - CENSORIA POTESTAT, CENS POTES, and CENS POT. According to metal analyses by Walker and more recently confirmed by Butcher and Ponting, Domitian's second coinage reform took place between the last two issues - the CENS POT issue being the first under the new standard. Curiously, this 'CENS POT' denarius has what appears to be 'al marco' weight adjustment marks, plainly visible on the reverse to the left of Minerva. Is it possibly during the minting of this first issue under the new standard the mint workers were extra careful with the coinage's weight? Whatever the case, the gouges must date to antiquity owing to the fact they are toned just as the unblemished surfaces are.

An extremely rare coin. Engraved in the period's typical fine style.

6 commentsDavid Atherton
D383a.jpg
Domitian RIC-38340 viewsĆ As, 9.49g
Rome mint, 85 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT P P; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r., with aegis
Rev: MONETA AVGVST; S C in field; Moneta stg. l., with scales and cornucopiae
RIC 383 (C3). BMC -. BNC 374.
Acquired from Musa Numismatic, September 2019.

In 82 Domitian reformed the coinage by increasing the weight of the gold and fineness of the silver. Production of the bronze coinage was suspended while the mint was reorganised and resumed in 84 with new reverse types and a higher artistic standard. Appropriately, one of the first types struck on the bronze after the coinage reform was Moneta, 'mint goddess of the emperor'. H. Mattingly believes Moneta in this context can be seen as symbolising Domitian's control of the mint and as paymaster to the empire. A fitting reverse design for an emperor who cared so much for his coinage. Mirroring the silver, many of the bronze coins struck in the first year or so after the coinage reform have portraits with an aegis, an extra detail likely due to Domitian's attentive care. Under Domitian Moneta became a regular feature of the coinage and was struck year after year on the As issues. This example from 85 is one of the most common types struck for the As that year. Oddly enough, it is missing from the BM.

One gets the impression that Domitian was quite proud of his coinage reforms and Moneta was a symbolic reverse celebrating that achievement.

A nice example in hand, much better than the photo suggests.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
4538_4539.jpg
Domitian, AE20, S C7 viewsAE20
Domitian
Augustus: 81 - 96AD
20.5mm
O: DOMITIANVS CAESAR; Laureate head, right.
R: NO LEGEND; wreath.
Exergue: SC, center of wreath.
RPC 2017; BMC 252.
Kenn Hollister/Moneta CICF 2013
4/3/17
Nicholas Z
Domias14-1.jpg
Domitian, RIC 478 & 493, As of AD 86 (double reverse)51 viewsĆ As (11,2g, Ř 30mm, 6h), Rome, AD 86
Obv.: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM.COS XII CENS PER P P, laureate head right, aegis
Rev.: M[ONETA] AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, struck over [F]IDEI [PVBLICAE] (around), S C (field), Fides standing right with corn ears and plate of fruits (of which only the head is visible).
RIC II,1:478 & 493
ex G.Henzen (1998)

The double struck reverse is composed of parts from two different dies: upper left third: (F)IDEI (PVBLICAE) and head of Fides turned r. (RIC 478); other two thirds: M(ONETA) AVGVSTI (RIC 493). Curtis Clay gives a plausible and interesting explanation for this strange phenomenon: "Roman imperial bronze coins with perfect obverses, but two dies of the same or different types overstruck on each other on the reverse, occur with some regularity; large public collections like BM or Vienna probably possess 50-100 of them each and I've been able to buy maybe 10-15 for my personal collection over a period of about 30 years. What I don't doubt is the correct explanation which was suggested to me by Colin Kraay c. 1972, when showing me an As of Caracalla of that sort that the Ashmolean Museum had just acquired: might it not have been quicker to employ two mobile rev. dies alternately at each obv. die set in its anvil, so that while one worker was removing his coin and getting a new blank, the second would be striking his own coin at the same obv. die? The overstrikes in question resulted from failure to remove the coin from the obv. die after the first strike! Robert Kokotailo suggested to me a year or two ago that such an alternation might also have prevented the reverse dies from overheating. Many modern scholars have proposed that different rev. types were struck at different officinae or workshops within the mint, so it's rather neat to be able to point out that in fact different types were often struck alternately at one and the same obverse die, Fides-Moneta-Fides-Moneta-Fides-Moneta and so on until there was some reason to stop work or replace the dies!"
1 commentsCharles S
Domias01-2.jpg
Domitian, RIC 493, As of AD 86 (Moneta)13 viewsĆ As ((10.2g, Ř 26-28mm, 6hh), Rome, AD 86
Obv.: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM.COS XII CENS PER P P, laureate head right, aegis
Rev.: MONETA AVGVSTI (around) S C (field), Moneta standing left, holding scales right and cornucopiae left.
RIC II,1:493; Cohen 327; Foss(Roman Historical Coins) 92/25

According to Foss, this type was issued on the occasion of the establishment of a new site near the Colosseum for the Roman mint in 84, to replace that in the temple of Juno Moneta which was destroyed by fire shortly before; it is the first appearance of Moneta Augusti.
Charles S
EM_111_AS_Domitian.JPG
Domitian: 81 - 96 AD43 viewsAE As; Rome Mint
Struck 84AD
Obv. - laureate head right; IMP.CAES.DOMITIAN.AUG.GERM.COS.X
Rev. - Moneta standing left, holding cornucopia and scales; S / C either side; MONETA / AUGUST
11.23 grams
28.0 mm
2 commentscmcdon0923
0093-310np_noir.jpg
Domitianus, As - *116 viewsAs minted in Rome, 85 AD
IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, Laureate bust of Domitian right
MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, holding cornucopia and scales. SC in field
11.08 gr
Ref : Cohen #325, RCV #2807v
2 commentsPotator II
philippe6-double-tournois-1_2.JPG
Dy.271A Philip VI (of Valois): double tournois, 1st type, 2ond emission13 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Double tournois, 1st type, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Billon (239 ‰), 1.24 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 9h
O: +PhILIPPVS D G REX; 2 fleurs-de-lis placed on top of each other, F and R are respectively on the left and the right of the top fleur-de-lis and A, n below
R: +mOnETA-DVPLEX, latine cross with 3 fleurs-de-lis, interrupting the legend; on the bottom 2 bullets are around the handle of the cross

The two ringlets around the top fleur-de-lis on the obverse are characteristic of the 2ond emission, as well as the two bullets on the reverse.
Droger
EB0113b_scaled.JPG
EB0113 Ariobarzanes III / Athena3 viewsAriobarzanes III Eusebes Philoromaios, CAPPADOCIA, AR drachm, 52-42 BC.
Obverse: Diademed head right.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΡΙΟΒΑΡΖΑΝΟΥ ΕΥ- ΣΕΒΟΥΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ Athena standing left, holding Nike, spear, and shield; in left field, star and crescent to left, monogram to right, [date in exergue].
References: BMC 1; HGC 7, 853; Simonetta 3a or 3b.
Diameter: 17.5mm, Weight: 3.549g.
EB
EB0161b_scaled.JPG
EB0161 Head / Warrior on Horseback8 viewsBriviesca, HISPANIA, AE 24, 200-100 BC.
Obverse: Beardless male head right. Behind the head, uparrow (Iberian "U").
Reverse: Northern Iberian script UIROUN / IAS (Uironias), Warrior on horseback with spear charging right.
References: Catalogo del Monetario Iberico del Museo de Navarra #348.
Diameter: 24.5mm, Weight: 9.191g.
Regarding Uironias, here is a footnote from The Selected Essays of Julio Caro Baroja:
"Among the Autrigonians, Deobriga and Uironias ... were important names".
EB
EB0740_scaled.JPG
EB0740 Maximianus / Moneta16 viewsMaximianus 286-305, AE Follis, Aquileia 300.
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Mintmark AQP.
References: RIC VI Aquileia 29b; Sear 13300.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 10.111g.
EB
EB0744_scaled.JPG
EB0744 Constantius I / Moneta40 viewsConstantius I 293-305, AE Follis, Aquileia 301 AD.
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right.
Reverse: SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. V in right field. Mintmark AQΓ.
References: RIC VI Aquileia 34a.
Diameter: 28mm, Weight: 8.936g.
1 commentsEB
EB0747_scaled.JPG
EB0747 Constantius I / Moneta17 viewsConstantius I 293-305, AE Follis, Rome 305 AD.
Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in upper right field. Mintmark RP.
References: King and Spaer, Num. Chron. 1977, nos. 1030-1037; RIC VI Rome 120a var (mintmark).
Diameter: 29mm, Weight: 9.299g.
EB
EB0869_scaled.JPG
EB0869 Diocletian / Moneta6 viewsDiocletian 284-305, AE Follis, Rome 302-303 AD.
Obverse: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS N N, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae. Mintmark R crescent P.
References: Cohen 434; RIC VI 109a.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 9.939g.
EB
EINBECK_SILVER.jpg
EINBECK33 viewsEINBECK - AR Mariengroschen, 1551. Obv.: Cross, overlaid with crowned E. MONETA NOVA EIMBEC : 51 Rev.: Radiant madonna and child; MARIA MATER CRISTI Reference: Saurma #2114. dpaul7
1Elena_completo.jpg
Elena, follis (326 d.C.), Boyd & Gaviller collection44 viewsElena, prima moglie di Costanzo e madre di Costantino I.
Follis di bronzo, zecca di Treviri I officina, 326 d.C.
AE, gr 3,46, mm 18,0, BB (VF)
D/ FL HELENA AVGVSTI, Busto a sx, diademato, mantellato con collana
R/ SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Securitas stante a sin. tiene un ramo rivolto in basso e con la mano destra regge un mantello. PTRU in ex.
RIC 481

Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (9 luglio 2010, numero archivio 1), ex George Henry Gaviller Collection (morto c.1880), acquisita per legato testamentario da W. C. Boyd (1840-1906). Collezione Boyd dispersa da Baldwin's Auctions (42), 26 September 2005. Moneta acquistata da Antony Wilson (York coins, London-New York).
paolo
Etruria.jpg
ETRURIA, Central Italy Uncertain City AE26, 300-250BC.66 viewsETRURIA, Central Italy Uncertain City AE26, 300-250BC. Male figure with Scepter (or lance) and Patera n. l. standing. Dog Rt. Holding a Aryballos in the muzzle hanging on cords for R. 10.17 G. SNG Cop. 44. P. Visonŕ, Due monete etrusche inedite e rare into collezioni italiane, SNR 79 (2000), 30, fig. 5. Very rare. Dark Green patina.

The Etruscan civilization was responsible for much of the Greek culture imported into early Republican Rome, including the twelve Olympian gods, the growing of olives and grapes, the Latin alphabet (adapted from the Greek alphabet), and architecture like the arch, sewerage and drainage systems.
1 commentsancientone
coin9_quart.jpg
FL CONSTANS NOB CAES / GLORIA EXERCITVS AE3/4 follis (333-350 A.D.) 26 viewsFL CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLORI-A EXER-CITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, dot inside o on banner. Mintmark: SMT(SΔ) in exergue.

AE3/4, 16-17mm, 1.16g, die axis 6 (coin alignment), material: bronze/copper-based alloy.

FL = Flavius, NOB CAES = Nobilitas Caesar, Gloria Exercitus (noun + genitive) The Glory of the Army, SMTSΔ = Sacra Moneta Thessalonica, officina #4

Although only a part of the obverse legend is readable: FL CONSTANS...AES, reconstructing the rest is easy. And FL CONSTANS NOB CAES is not a very common legend, so that despite the fact that only the first letters of the mintmark are clearly identifiable: SMT..., it produces only one hit in the catalogs: RIC VII Thessalonica 226 with the mintmark SMTSΔ.

WildWinds have a good example of it: http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/constans/_thessalonica_RIC_VII_226.jpg I think the style matches, with the same weird little device on the banner and exactly the same cuirass type. Too bad that the face on my coin is too damaged to see if it is really as strange-looking, but its outline seems to match. The notes indicate that it was minted in 335-341 A.D., which is a bit weird, because after 337 A.D. the usage of the Caesar title for Constans should have been discontinued...

Constans (caesar 333- , augustus 337-350), , see more info at
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-147486
Yurii P
FF_Strasbourg_Gla_Roberts_9070.JPG
France (Feudal): Strasbourg (Municipality of Strasbourg), 1482-166754 viewsRoberts 9070, Boudeau 1335, Engel-Lehr 398-401

AR kreuzer (two deniers), 17 mm.

Obv: + GLA • IN EXCELS DO, central lily.

Rev: + MONETA • ARGEN, central lily.

The obverse legend is an abbreviated form of “GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO” ("Glory to God in the highest”), which are the words sung by the angels at the birth of Jesus in Luke 2:14. The words entered the Roman Catholic liturgy as the title and first words of a hymn known as the Great Doxology and the Hymnus Angelicus.
Stkp
003~2.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)22 viewsTriens, or, 1,26 g.
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, le diadčme se termine par deux rubans ; tranche de cou perlée ; un gros point sous le cou ; devant, une croix pâtée prolongée par un point aux deux extrémités, point du bas collé ŕ la croix.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT, calice ŕ deux anses surmonté d'une croix ; couronne de feuillage au pourtour.
Réfs : M. D'Amécourt et M. De Moret, p. 57, pl. II, n° 24 ; Belfort n° 672 ; Vente Trampitcsh n°10 ; Stahl, Fond Bourgey, p. 53, n°162 ; Vente Bourgey, 2 décembre 1964, lot n°10 (1,28 g) ; Un exemplaire trouvé ŕ Villeneuve-lčs-Magulonne (Hérault, France) ; Cahier E. B., p. 153, n° 34.337.3. ; Mirmand 2006, n° 65.
Gabalor
005~1.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)14 viewsTriens, or, 1,28 g.
A/ Buste diadémé ŕ droite, PAX devant ; le diadčme laisse flotter trois rubans derričre le tęte ; manteau formé de deux courbes.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT, calice ŕ deux anses surmonté d'une croix.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006 n° 43
Gabalor
007~2.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)24 viewsTriens, or, 1,28 g.
A/ Buste diadémé ŕ droite, rameau ŕ cinq baies devant ; le diadčme, perlé, est attaché derričre le tęte ; manteau avec rangé de perles.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT, calice ŕ deux anses surmonté d'une croix.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006 n° 58, proche des Belfort 657, 658 et 659 et vente Trampitsch n° 9
Gabalor
009~1.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)21 viewsTriens, or, 1,28 g.
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite, diadčme perlé se terminant par un ruban divisé en plusieurs parties ; calotte avec bouton occipital ; gros point sous le cou ; devant, une croix prolongée par un point aux deux extrémitées ; petite croisette entre la croix et la tęte.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT, calice ŕ deux anses surmonté d'une croix.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006 n° 67 (monnaie trouvée dans la région de Langogne, Lozčre, vers la fin du XIXe sičcle).
Gabalor
037~1.JPG
France - Gévaudan - Banassac - Monétaire Elafius (620-640)9 viewsImitation d'un triens, or et argent, 1,20 g
A/ Tęte diadémée ŕ droite ; tranche de cou perlée, rameau ŕ trois baies renversé devant.
R/ ELAFIVS MONETAT ; calice ŕ deux anses sur un trait perlé.
Type tardif trčs dégénéré.
Réfs : Mirmand 2006, n°201
Gabalor
011.JPG
France - Gévaudan- Banassac - Monétaire Maximinus 620/64027 viewsTriens, or, 1,23 g.
A/ MAXIMINVS MON, tęte diadémée ŕ droite. La petite croix au sommet du diadčme sert de croisette de début de légende. Diadčme retombant sur le cou en deux rubans perlés. Tranche de cou perlé. Couronne de feuillage au pourtour.
R/ DANNACIACO FIIT, calice ŕ deux anses surmonté d'une croix. Couronne de feuillage au pourtour.
Réfs : Vente Trampitsch n°12 (męme coin) ; Mirmand 2006, n°82.
Gabalor
FRANCE_PHILIP_IV_PARISIS_1.jpg
FRANCE - PHILIP IV59 viewsFRANCE -- Philippe IV, le Bel (The Fair) (1285-1314) - Double Parisis (1st emission, 1295-1303). Floreate cross; + PhILIPPVS REX Rev.: REGA / LIS under a fleur de lis. mOnETA. DVPLEX around. Reference: Lafaurie 232.dpaul7
France_Charles_III.JPG
France, Charles III Teston17 viewsObv: CAROL . D . C . LOTH . B . GEL . DVX; armored bare headed bust of Charles III, facing right, with short beard.

Rev: MONETA . NOVA . NANCEII . CVSA; crowned shield of arms, above, Lotharingian cross.

Silver Teston, Mint: Nancy, Date: ND (c. 1545-1608)

Weight: 8.5 gm. Diameter: 28 mm
1 commentsMatt Inglima
29.JPG
François Ier (1414-1450) ou François II (1433-1488)11 viewsDouble Denier de Rennes
1,56g
21mm
+ F . RANCICVS . DVX . R .
"François Duc"
Hermine au naturel enchaînée ŕ gauche sous une moucheture d’hermine
+ MONETA . BRITANIE
"Monnaie de Bretagne"
Croix cantonnée aux 1 et 4 d’une moucheture d’hermine
Jézéquel 400d3
de Mey 401 (François Ier)
Bigot 1126
PYL
FR_005_fac.jpg
Freiburg im Breisgau, 1726, 3 Kreuzer, Raven, Coat of Arms6 viewsFreiburg im Breisgau
3 Kreuzer
Obv.: MONETA [NOVA] FRIBVRG BRIS, 1726 Head of raven, 3 K
Rev.: DA PACEM DOM IN E IM DIEB VS[NO], coat of arms
AR, 1.01g, 17.41mm
Ref.: Berstett 273
shanxi
FR_010_fac.jpg
Freiburg im Breisgau, 1735, 10 Kreuzer, Coat of arms8 viewsFreiburg im Breisgau
10 Kreuzer
1735
Obv.: ​GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO, X KREVZER 1735
Rev.: FRIBVRGENS BRIS MONETA NO, coat of arms of Freiburg and Austria
AR, 2.72g, 22.6mm
Ref.: Münzen und Medaillen Nr. 67, 25 Jahre Freiburger Münzsammelverein Abb 80/81, Berstett 285, Rommel 85
shanxi
Galere_14.jpg
Galčre - 4319 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL CAES
MONETA SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
ATR
RIC 431 (premičre Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 198d (6e émission - 301)
PYL
Galere_6.jpg
Galčre - 4519 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS N C
MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN
*
BTR
RIC 451 (premičre Tétrarchie - 5e émission - 300/301)
ZSCHUCKE 271d (8e émission - 302)
PYL
Galere_16_bis.JPG
Galčre - 558b9 viewsMAXIMIANVS NOBIL C
MONETA . S . AVGG ET CAESS NN
S F
ITR
RIC 558b (premičre Tétrarchie - 8e émission - 302/303)
ZSCHUCKE 314d (10e émission - 302/303)
PYL
maximianus5.jpg
GALERIUS19 viewsAE follis. 302-303 AD. Rome,4th officina. 30mm, 10.29 gr, 12h. Laureate head right. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in field. SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS N N. In exergue RQ. RIC VI 106b benito
00galeriusmoneta.jpg
GALERIUS24 viewsAE follis. 302-303 AD. Rome,4th officina. 30mm, 10.29 gr, 12h. Laureate head right. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES. / Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae. Star in field. SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS N N. In exergue RQ. RIC VI 106b benito
Galerius.jpg
Galerius81 viewsIMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
laureate head right

SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
R wreath S in ex.
Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae

9.32g
30 mm
EF
Scarce
Rome 306 AD
Rome RIC VI 132b
See notes below

This is the Wildwinds example! Thanks Dane.

Notes: RIC lists these types as being produced in two periods,
the second period (coins are identical in all respects) being struck in Autumn 306, and also listed as RIC 158a and
159a.
2 commentsJay GT4
galer.jpg
Galerius (305 - 311 A.D.)80 viewsĆ(S) Follis
O: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
R: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, SIS in exergue, star in left field, B in right field.
Siscia 301 A.D.
10.08g
28mm
RIC VI 135b Siscia
5 commentsMat
galerius follis~0.jpg
GALERIUS (as Caesar) AE follis - 300-303 AD22 viewsobv:MAXIMIANVS.NOB.CAES (laureate head right, smaller portrait-head)
rev:SACRA.MONET.AVGG.-ET.CAESS.NOSTR (Moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae) / PT°
ref:RIC VI-Ticinum44b
9.16gms, 27mm
berserker
GAlerius1.jpg
Galerius - RIC VI 4a63 viewsTicinum 300-303 AD.
Galerius, as Caesar, AE Follis.
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES Laureate head right /
SACRA MONETA AVGG ET CAESS NOSTRA, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae,
PT• in ex.
2 commentsxokleng
Galerius_3.jpg
GALERIUS AE Follis8 viewsOBVERSE: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
REVERSE: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left, TT. in ex.
Struck at Ticinum 300-3 AD
12.3g, 27mm
RIC 46b
Legatus
galerius RIC81a.jpg
GALERIUS AE follis - 305-306 AD - struck by Severus II30 viewsobv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG (helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield)
rev: VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN / AQS (Galerius riding horse right, spearing barbarian; second barbarian lying down [Augustorum et Caesarum Nostrorum])
ref: Aquilea RIC 81a (S), C.616 (5frcs)
mint: Aquilea
11.61gms, 28mm
When Severus II was appointed Caesar in 305, the Aquilea mint passed to his control, and the Moneta theme was replaced by openly military themes, foreshadowing the impending conflict with Maxentius.
berserker
Coin1001_quad_sm.jpg
Galerius Concordia Militum Ӕ post-reform radiate fraction (295 - 299), Cyzicus mint6 viewsGAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped (?) and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MI-LITVM + KB in lower centre, Prince (the left figure) standing right in military dress, holding parazonium or baton of imperium, receiving small Victory with a wreath and palm branch on globe from naked Jupiter (the right figure) standing left holding tall scepter.

Ӕ, 20mm, 2.36g, die axis 6h, base metal seems red, high copper content.

Galerius ruled as Caesar from 293 to 305, but most sources give minting years for this type of coin as 295-299.

RIC VI Cyzicus 19b (18b?), Sear 3713. 19b has cuirassed and draped bust, 18b -- only cuirassed. I think the edge of the military cape on the shoulder means it is draped in this case, but distinction seems very vague to me. Looking at coins identified as 18b and 19b I cannot see any clear pattern, it seems that many are confused in this respect just like myself.

GALerius VALerius MAXIMIANUS NOBilitas CAESar (in this era the title of "junior" emperor while Augustus was a "senior" one), CONCORDIA MILITVM = [Dedicated to] harmony with the soldiers, K = Kysikos (Cyzicus) mint, B = officina Beta (workshop #2). The figure to the right is naked except for a cape, so it is a god, the sceptre points to him being Jupiter, the ruler of gods. Jupiter is also typically associated with Victory, he was often depicted with Victory in the right hand and sceptre in the left. The line across his head probably designates a wreath, also a common feature of Jupiter. Victory holds her common attributes, the triumphal wreath and a palm branch, the orb she stands on represents the world (thus meaning dominion over it). Round Earth was a firmly established concept in Roman times. The left figure, the prince (Galerius in this case) is identified by his full battle dress and the hand-held short elongated shape, which is either the ivory baton of imperium (the high command) or, more likely, a parazonium, a long triangular dagger, typically cradled in the bearer's left arm. A Roman parazonium blade tended to be leaf shape and approximately 15"-19" long. It was a ceremonial weapon, a mark of high rank, used to rally the troops.

GALERIUS, * c. 250, near Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) or in a Dacian place later called Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad, Serbia) † late Apr or early May 311 (aged ~60), Serdica, Dacia Ripensis (Sofia, Bulgaria) ‡ 1 Mar or 21 May 293 – 1 May 305 (as Eastern Caesar, under Diocletian), 1 May 305 – late Apr or early May 311 (as Eastern Augustus with many co-emperors).

Galerius was born of humble parentage and had a distinguished military career. On March 1, 293, he was nominated as Caesar by Diocletian, the supreme ruler of the empire, to help him govern the East. Galerius divorced his wife and married Diocletian’s daughter, Valeria. After ruling from Egypt from 293 to 295, Galerius assumed command of defensive operations against the Sasanians in 297. After being defeated, he then won a decisive victory that increased his influence with Diocletian. Galerius next proceeded to the Balkans and won numerous victories in the region. A staunch pagan, he persuaded the emperor to initiate the persecution of the Christians at Nicomedia in 303.

When Diocletian abdicated on May 1, 305, Galerius became Augustus of the East, ruling the Balkans and Anatolia. Since Galerius had arranged the appointment of two of his favourites, Maximinus (his nephew) and Flavius Valerius Severus, to be Caesars in both East and West, he was in effect the supreme ruler. When Constantius Chlorus died in 306, Galerius insisted that Severus govern the West as Augustus, but he grudgingly conceded the subordinate title of caesar to Chlorus’s son, Constantine, who was correctly suspected of Christian sympathies. Galerius’s supremacy was, however, short-lived. Severus was soon overthrown (306) and killed by Maxentius (son of the former emperor Maximian). Galerius invaded Italy but was forced to retreat. In 308 he induced Diocletian and Maximian to meet him at Carnuntum on the Danube and to declare Maxentius a usurper. On November 11, Galerius proclaimed as Augustus of the West his friend Licinius, who had effective control only in the region of the Danube.

A ruthless ruler, Galerius imposed the poll tax on the urban population and maintained the persecution of the Christians. In the winter of 310–311, however, he became incapacitated with a horrible disease. Fearing, perhaps, that his illness was the vengeance of the Christian God, he issued on April 30, 311, an edict grudgingly granting toleration. Shortly afterward he died. He was succeeded by his nephew Maximinus Daia.

Diocletian's money reform of 293.

Trying to fight the runaway inflation that he did not understand and to return people's faith in Roman coins, Diocletian did a complete overhaul of the Roman monetary system. He introduced a new theoretical base monetary unit called the denarius communis or d.c. (only rarely represented by actual coins, one example being old pre-Aurelian antoniniani still in circulation, valued now at 1 d. c., another – minted only on a small scale 1.5g coin with the reverse legend VTILITAS PVBLICA, "for public use"). Then he started minting new types of coins including a gold aureus of new purity and weight standard (1/60 pound of pure gold), a quality silver coin, argenteus, roughly similar to the early imperial denarius in size and weight, a new billon coin, of a copper alloy but with a small fraction of silver mostly in the form of coating, roughly similar to the old antoninianus when it was just introduced, however bearing now a laureate rather than a radiate bust. This type of coin is now commonly referred to as a follis or a nummus. Finally, a new radiate bronze coin, now referred to as a "radiate fraction" or a radiatus was introduced, similar to the early imperial aes in value, but much smaller in weight and size. There were also rare issues of ˝ and Ľ nummus coins, mostly in connection to some celebration. Interestingly, the obverses of these new coins were chosen to represent some identical "generic" image of a "good emperor" independent of the actual likeness of the August or Caesar in whose name they were issued, thus affirming the unity of all the tetrarchy rulers. Very roughly one may think of a new radiatus as a price of one loaf of bread, a new argenteus as a very good daily wage, and a new aureus as a price of a good horse. An approximate relationship between these units was as follows: 1 aureus ≈ 20 argentei ≈ 1000 d.c. (some scholars prefer 25 argentei and 1250 d.c.); 1 argenteus ≈ 5 nummi ≈ 50 d.c.; 1 nummus ≈ 5 radiati ≈ 10 d.c.; 1 radiatus ≈ 2 d.c. Of course we know that this reform was ineffective and inflation continued, so all these values were constantly shifting due to changing markets. Diocletian himself stopped minting argenteus in c. 305, and Constantine in his monetary reforms only re-established a new and highly successful gold standard, solidus (1/72 pound of pure gold, surprisingly actually first introduced also by Diocletian in 301, but only as a pilot version). As for billon and bronze coins, "folles" or "nummi", they were minted in all shapes and sizes all over the 4th century, often horribly debased by inflation, and their values at each point can only be guessed. It seems that in later times up to 1000 small bronze coins were sealed in a leather pouch to produce a reasonable unit of payment, thus giving rise to the name follis (lit. "bag" in Latin), which is now anachronistically applied to many billon and bronze coins of the late 3d and 4th century.
Yurii P
Galerius1_opt.jpg
GALERIUS Follis, RIC 46b, Moneta34 viewsOBV: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
REV: SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left, ST. in ex.
8.5g, 25mm

Minted at Ticinum, 300-3 AD
1 commentsLegatus
Galerius_Follis.jpg
Galerius Moneta Follis 104b18 viewsGalerius
Reigned as Caesar AD 293-305
Reigned as Augustus AD 305-311
Coin Struck AD 302-303
Silvered AE 1 Follis
Rome Mint
RIC VI Rome 104b

O: MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate bust right

R: SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae, star in field, R Q in exergue
Gao
galerius_sacra.jpg
Galerius Sisca AE Follis 300 A.D.9 views Obv. MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate bust right
Rev. SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta holding patera and cornucopiae.
star in left field,
starSIS in extruge, Gamma in right field, RIC 135b-G
Skyler
Galerius- Sacra Monet AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR.jpg
Galerius- Sacra Monet AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR49 viewsGalerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.


Obverse:
Laurete head right

MAXIMIANVS NOB CAESS, Maximianus Noble Ceasar

MAXIMIANVS: Maximianus, in reality Galerius
NOB: Noble
CAESS: Caesar

Reverse:
SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, The emperors sacred money and our Caesars

SACRA : Sacred
MONET: Money
AVGG: Emperors
ET: And
CAESS: Caesars
NOSTR: Our

Moneta standing left holding scales in right and cornucopia in left. * in right field

Domination: Bronze Follis, size 27mm,

Mint: RQ in exe, Rome. * in right field. Dating to c. 302-3. RIC VI Rome 106b.



Explanation why this is Galerius, and not Maximianus. Doug Smith wrote a very good explanation, read this link: http://dougsmith.ancients.info/max.html
John Schou
1cordia.jpg
Gens Cordia, denario (46 a.C.)23 viewsGens Cordia, denario, coniato da Mn. Cordius Rufus (46 a.C.) zecca di Roma
AR, 3,55 gr, 19 mm., MB
Al D/ RVFVS S C; testa di Venere diademata, marchi del monetiere.
Al R/ MN CORDIVS (legato), Cupido su delfino.
Crawford 463/3, Sydenham 977
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 3 ottobre 2016, numero catalogo 258), ex collezione Vanni, Tinia numismatica (Follonica, Grosseto, Italia, fino al settembre 2016)
1 commentspaolo
1Enobarbo_terremotati.jpg
Gens Domitia, denarius (116-115 a.C.)10 viewsGens Domitia, denarius, Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, zecca di Roma ()116-115 a.C.)
AR, 3,81 gr, 21 mm
D/ ROMA; testa di Roma rivolta a destra; dietro, X
R/ CN DOMI (in ex); Giove, su quadriga, con ghirlanda e saetta.
Crawford 285/1
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, dal 4 settembre 2016, numero catalogo 261); ex Alessandro Vanni, Tinia numismatica, Follonica Italia, fino al 4 settembre 2016. Asta pro terremotati di Amatrice e Accumoli su Nid Coins Monete antiche FB
paolo
1denario_repubblicano_Flaminia.jpg
Gens Flaminia, denarius, Roma (109-108 B.C.)12 viewsGens Flaminia, monetiere L. Flaminius Chilo, Roma (109-108 a.C.), denario
AR, 3,62 gr, 18 mm
D/ ROMA; testa di Roma con elmo attico alato; davanti X
R/ L FLAMINI / CILO; una Vittoria su biga, con ghirlanda
Crawford 302/1
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo (Roma, Italia, numero catalogo 256, dal 24 aprile 2016), ex collezione Alessandro Vanni, Tinia numismatica (Follonica, Italia, fino all'aprile 2016)
paolo
VIXX.jpg
German States. Friedrich I 1637 - 1683. Silver 6-Groscher 1637 C.163 viewsGerman States. Friedrich I 1637 - 1683. Silver 6-Groscher 1637 C. FRIDERICUS BORUSSORUM REX, crowned bust right / MONETA ARGENTEA, crown divides date above tow coats of arms, value between crown and shields.

KM a203
oneill6217
2kreuzer.jpg
German States. Strassburg. AR 2-Kreuzer c.1600 A.D.23 viewsGerman States. Strassburg. AR 2-Kreuzer c.1600 A.D. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO, Fleur-de-lis within inner circle / MONETA ARGENTO, II KREUZER within inner circle.oneill6217
4534_4535.jpg
Germanicus, As, S/C12 viewsAE As
Germanicus
Born 15BC - Died 19AD
Issued: 50 -54AD or 80 - 81AD
29.5 x 27.0mm
O: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N; Bare head, right.
R: S/C
Rome Mint
Aorta: 16 or 17: B2, O6, R11 or 12, T4, M2.
Kenn Hollister/Moneta ANA Chicago 2013
4/3/17
Nicholas Z
1giustiniano_unito.jpg
Giustiniano I (527-565 d.C.), tremisse 47 viewsTremisse, zecca di Constantinopoli (527-565 d.C.)
AU, 1.47g, 17mm.
D/ DNIVSTINI ANVSPPAVG, busto diademato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM, Vittoria che avanza, regge una corona nella dx e un globo crucigero nella sx, * a dx, CONOB in ex.
Sear 145; DO 19 (catalogo Dumbarton Oaks curato da Philip Grierson); MIB 19; BMC 22-24.
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (19 dicembre 2010, numero catalogo 119); ex Artemide aste (San Marino; asta 5E 2010, lotto 1296).
Identificata e discussa su lamoneta.it e su Forum ancient coins nel dicembre 2010
paolo
1gordiano_unito.jpg
Gordiano III (238-244 d.C.), bronzo19 viewsGordiano III (238-244 d.C.), Zecca macedone
AE, gr.14,9. mm 27, B-/D
D/ Alessandro Magno a dx, drappeggiato e con copricapo di leone. AXE
R/ non leggibile (da monete simili: Alessandro o Gordiano a cavallo a dx)
Nota: presentato dal venditore come Alessandro Magno, identificazione su lamoneta.it (gennaio 2008)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (1 agosto 2007, numero catalogo 48), ex collezione Claudio Rossi, Ciano d'Enza, Reggio Emilia (per ebay, fino al 2007).
paolo
935293~0.jpg
Greek, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios. Cappadocian Kingdom. AR Drachm.283 viewsCirca 96-63 B.C. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.92g, 1h). Simmoneta 9a. Obverse diademed head of Ariobarzanes to right. Reverse BASILEUS ARIOBARZANOU PHILOROMAIOU Athena standing left, holding Nike and spear and shield; to left monogram; to right, A; in exergue, gamma. Extremely Fine, beautifully toned. Ex Nomos AG 6th Price List Sale, lot 44.
Ariobarzanes I, nicknamed Philoromaios or “Lover of Rome” in the literal sense but should be translated as “Friend of Rome,” was a client king of Cappadocia during Roman expansion and hegemony in Asia Minor. He was elected by his people with the backing of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He was removed several times by either Mithradates IV of Pontus or Tigranes II of Armenia but reinstated by the Roman Senate each time. He eventually abdicated and was replaced by his son, Ariobarzanes II.

The detail and artistry is surprisingly elegant on this small coin with a diameter of only 17mm. It is a masterpiece of miniature numismatic portraiture: most of Ariobarzanes’ coins are of inferior quality and finding one with fine portraiture of good style, such as this, is rarely encountered.

2 commentsJason T
Ariarathes_IV.jpg
GREEK, Cappadocian kingdom, Ariarathes V - AR drachm249 viewsEusebeia
131-130 BC
diademed head right
Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting hand on grounded shield
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / APIAPAΘOY / EYΣ[E!]BOYΣ
(AY) left; (ΠAΦI) in the middle; (ΔI) right
ΛΓ - year 33
Simonetta 13 (var)

there is missing E in EYΣEBOYΣ !
usually there is ΓΛ in exergue
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
FotorCreated~11.jpg
GREEK, Metapontum, AR Stater circa 500-480 BC 22mm 7.83g 12h medium spread flan.93 viewsMET to left of six grained ear small lizard to right head upwards guilloche border.Rev incuse seven grained ear.
EX Moneta Nova,EX Hirsch 2-19-11,EX Kricheldorf.
2 commentsGrant H
Greece,_Mysia,_Pergamum,_Cistophoric_Tetradrachm,_12_57g,_28mm,_166-67_BC,_issued_76_BC.jpg
GREEK, Mysia, Pergamon, Cistophoric Tetradrachm81 viewsGreece, Mysia, Pergamon, Cistophoric Tetradrachm, 12.57g, 28mm, 166-67 BC, issued 76 BC

Obv: Cista Mystica containing serpent escaping, all within an ivy wreath.

Rev: Bow case between 2 serpents. Pergamon monogram at left. Snake entwined Asklepian staff at right. "AP" above.

Near the West coast of present day Turkey, Pergamon, in the province of Mysia, was an insignificant city under the Persian empire. After Alexander the Great died, his bodyguard "Lysimachus" was given Thrace and north western Asia. After the battle of Ipsus "Lysimachus" secured Alexander's treasury worth over 25,000 talents. Pergamon was located in a natural fortress and "Lysimachus" strengthened the city and deposited his Asian treasure (9000 talents) in the city along with a military guard under his loyal follower "Philetaerus". "Lysimachus" died in 281 BC and Pergamon officially fell under Seulcid control. "Philetaerus" played the part of a faithful governor, but all the time he used the money to strengthen the city's defenses and founded the Attalid dynasty of the kingdom of "Pergamon". The kingdom successfully withstood attempts by Seulicid rulers to regain control. In 190 BC, Pergamon assisted the Romans to defeat Antiochus III of Syria. At this time, Rome had no territorial desires in Asia and they gave all the territories to Pergamon. Pergamon prospered and soon ranked as one of the major Greek cultural centers. Pergamon's library ranked second only to the library of Alexandria. But, to Rome's surprize the Pergamon King Attalus III (138 - 133 BC) gave the kingdom to Rome upon his death in 133 BC. During the confusion a certain "Aristonicus" seized the throne and changed his name to "Eumenes III". This forced the Romans to intervene and they seized the kingdom and made it the capital of the Roman province of Asia.

Pergamon first issued this coin under Eumenes II, who likely required a new currency after the treaty with Apameia in 188 BC expanded his economic and political territory. The new coinage is the first time a king’s portrait and name are omitted from Hellenistic currency. The cistophori (basket bearers) were the chief currency in Asia Minor for about 300 years. Originally introduced by king Eumenes II of Pergamon around 166 BCE, the obverse of these coins shows a cista mystica, i.e., a woven basket containing the sacred objects of a mystery cult. In the case of the cistophori, the basket contains snakes associated with the worship of Dionysus (Bacchus), the Greek god of wine and ecstasy. In the Dionysian mysteries a serpent, representing the god, was carried in a box called a cista on a bed of vine leaves. This may be the Cista mentioned by Clement of Alexandria which was exhibited as containing the phallus of Dionysus. The depiction on this famous type is what gives the coin its name - the Cistophorus. It was one of the most widely minted coin types in the ancient world. It seems that the Asian Greek states in what is now Turkey minted this coin in unison from around 150 BC. Some scholars believe this was undertaken for the common good, so traders could be confident in a coin of uniform weight and value, representing the collective wealth of Asian Greekdom.

The ivy wreath and the thyrsos staff on the reverse are also references to this god whom the Attalid kings of Pergamon claimed as their ancestor. The bow case (gorytos) on the reverse points to Herakles, the father of Telephos, the legendary founder and first king of Pergamon. Taken together, the obverse and reverse scenes appear to capture allegorical acts one and two of the Dionysian Cista fertility mythology in progress.

When the last Attalid king, Attalos III, died in 133 BCE, he left his entire kingdom to the Roman people. At the same time, his last will declared Pergamon and the other important cities of his realm "free cities", which meant that they did not have to pay tribute to Rome. Not surprisingly, Pergamon and the other cities continued to mint cistophori in grateful tribute to their former ruler. The city of Pergamum continued issue of cistophoric tetradrachm for eight decades after the city was willed to Rome in 133 BC.

1 cistophor equaled 3 Attic drachms, the currency of Athens, which had become the world's key currency during the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Later, 1 cistophor was equivalent to 3 Roman denarii. Because they were so easy to convert into the key currencies, 16 Anatolian towns soon minted cistophors, forming a kind of monetary union. When Pergamum became Roman about 133 BC, the Romans continued to mint cistophors.

Under the Attalids, Pergamon was not only the capital of an empire that soon stretched over most of Asia Minor, but also the seat of the second most famous library of the ancient world with more than 200,000 book rolls. When the kings of Egypt, the Ptolemies, whose capital, Alexandria, boasted the only comparable library, cut off Pergamene access to papyrus, the most important writing material, the Pergamenes invented pergamentum, i.e., parchment or vellum made from animal skins.

Today, the city is called Bergama and belongs to Turkey.
mitresh
Ptolemy2tridentor.JPG
GREEK, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Egypt, Ptolemy II AE 2739 viewsca. 285-265 BC
AE 26.2x27.1mm
Obv. Head of Zeus-Ammon, right
Rev. Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, shield at left.
Inscription not readable. Trident countermark.
Sear 7779

A. Davesne (1987) states that the trident countermark was applied in Cyprus to revalidate bronzes demonetized by the reform of ca. 265 BC.
gparch
moneta 723.jpg
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage, Perinthos, Thrace44 viewsObv: Veiled bust of Demeter right
Rev: Serpent emerging from basket
SNGCop 727. BMC 4.
1 commentsJericho
moneta auto.jpg
GREEK, Quasi-Autonomous Coinage, Seleuceia, Pieria, AE1642 viewsobv: Bust of Artemis right
rev: Lyre
Struck in the time of Nero, 54-68 A.D.
SGI 5189v
Jericho
normal_panormos_copy~0~0.jpg
Greek, SICILY, Panormos, Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti, p. 344 (this coin).76 viewsAE Onkia, 2.11 g, Sicily, Panormos, ca. 415-380 B.C. Obv: Forepart of Man-headed bull facing left, possibly ear of corn above or simply an encrustation divided from the man-faced bull by the tooler, in which case SYS should be above. Rev: Horse trotting right, ear of corn above. Calciati I, 272, no. 11. Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti "Monete, Storia e topografia della Sicilia Greca," p. 344 (this coin). Definite tooling around the major devices, but the extent on the devices themselves is unclear. In hand, the devices do not appear to be tooled.

Ex. Dr. Busso-Peus, Auction 386, No. 108 (unsold)
Molinari
GREIFSWALD_C1425_GROSSPFENNIG.JPG
GREIFSWALD - Grosspfennig55 viewsGREIFSWALD - Grosspfennig, AR, circa 1425. Obv: Griffin left, MONETA GRIPE WO. Rev: arms with long cross, DA / LAV / DEN / DEO. Reference: Jesse 493, Saurma 4957/2606. Ex-Areich collection.dpaul7
Greifswald_Großpfennig.jpg
Greifswald GroĂźpfennig80 viewsGreifswald AR Grosspfennig circa 1425.
20 mm, 1.5g
obv: Griffin left, MONETA GRIPE WO
rev: arms with long cross, DA / LAV / DEN / DEO. Jesse 493, Saurma 4957/2606
areich
monetA.jpg
H-Cz. 465 Sigismund II129 viewsPOLAND-LITHUANIA. Sigismund II August, 1548-1572.

Grosz, 1548 LI. White Knight Vytis charging l. MONETA.MAGNI. DVCAT. LITVA. Rv. White Eagle, ruler's titles as King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania. H-Cz.465.
oneill6217
adr.jpg
Hadrian72 viewsHadrian AR Denarius. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, holding scales & cornucopiae. RSC 966. 3 commentsrmon
hadrian.jpg
Hadrian Denarius21 viewsHadrian Denarius- Moneta standingAdrian S
HadrianMoneta.jpg
Hadrian denarius87 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
bare headed bust of Hadrian right with with light drapery on far shoulder

MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae

Rome 137 AD

Sear 3507, RIC 256

3.16g

ex-Incitatus
3 commentsJay GT4
J25-Hadrian Denarius.jpg
Hadrian, AR denarius, “Moneta”, 117-138 CE43 viewsSilver denarius of Hadrian (117-138 CE), 3.3 gr., 17mm.
Rome mint – struck 137 CE.

Obverse: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head right
Reverse: Moneta standing left holding scales & cornucopiae; MONETA AVG.

Reference: RIC vol II p. 369, 256a, Cohen RSC 965, BMC 677, Van Meter 35, Sear 1091 (or Sear RCTV, vol II p. 148 3507).

Added to collection: August 28, 2005
Daniel Friedman
HadrSe46~0.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 590b, Sestertius of AD 119-121129 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (24.91g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 119-121
Obv.: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
Rev.: RELIQVA VETERA IIS NOVIES MILL ABOLITA (around) S C (field) Lictor standing left, holding fasces, setting fire to heap of bonds on the ground to left with brand
RIC 590b [R2]; BMCRE 1206; Coh. 1210; Strack 555; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali II-2) 620 (18 spec.); G. Mazzini (Monete Imperiali Romane, Milano 1957, 5 voll.) 1210 (this coin)

ex CNG EAuction 202; ex White Mountain Collection; ex Mazzini Collection

In July of 118 AD, Hadrian made his first appearance in Rome as emperor to celebrate a Parthian triumph in the name of Trajan. He was quickly called away to Moesia to subdue the Sarmatians and Roxolani. While away, four high ranking senators, Lucius Quietus, Cornelius Palma, L. Publius Celsus and C. Avidius were executed by the senate for an alleged conspiracy against Hadrian, despite a promise by Hadrian not to execute members of the Senate. To calm a suspicious public, Hadrian held a week long gladiatorial show, granted an extra public largesse and, as this coin advertises, relinquished the public debt to the state equaling 900 million sestertii. This event culminated in an elaborate ceremony held in the Forum Trajanum where all records of these debts were set on fire

In the reverse legend, IIS stands for two semis (=sestertius); with a horizontal bar (IIS) it stands for "Sestertium" which is 100,000 sestertii. Thus IIS NOVIES MILL(IES) stands for 100,000 x 9000 sestertii.

(photo by CNG)
2 commentsCharles S
HADRSE63-1.jpg
Hadrian, RIC 706, Sestertius of AD 132-13535 viewsĆ Sestertius (28,30g, 35mm, 12h). Rome, AD 132-135.
Obv.: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare, draped bust left.
Rev.: FELICITATI AVG in two lines in field above, COS III P P field below, S | C, Galley left with six oarsmen: at the bow a mast raking forward with flag and sails attached, at the stern is a hortator and an arched cabin between two standards.
RIC 706; Cohen 677; Strack 837; Banti 385
Ex Hesss Divo, The Lugdunum Sale 12, Sept. 2015; ex List SKA Monetarium 48, Zurich 1989, lot n°178.
1 commentsCharles S
mauriciuMOMIL.JPG
Half-follis Moneta Militaris Imitativa95 viewsHalf-follis type Moneta Militaris Imitativa, issued by an itinerant mint during the war against the Sassanid Empire. Resembles the style of Antioch, with the trefoil ornament on the crown; 5.6g, 22mm.vercingetorix
Sicily_Himera_BostonMFA254_gf.jpg
Himera20 viewsSicily, Himera. 440-430/425 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.93 gm). Slow biga driven l. by charioteer crowned by Nike flying r. Ex: IMEPAION (retrograde) and cock walking l. / Nymph Himera holding patera over altar to l.; satyr to r. stdg below fountain w/ lions-head spout; ear of grain above.  gVF.   Boston MFA 254 (same dies); de Luynes 976 (same dies); Rizzo pl. XXI, 12 (same dies); Arnold-Biucchi, Monetazione, Group III, 15 (Q4/H12); Gutmann & Schwabacher 10; SNG Ashmolean 1765 (same dies). cf. HGC 2 #434 (crane in ex); Jenkins Sicily 30; CNG 100 #1268 & Triton XI #37 (same dies). Very rare. 4 commentsAnaximander
1baetica_unite.jpg
Hispania Baetica (105 a.C.), asse27 viewsHispania Baetica, periodo metŕ II-I sec. a.C. (probabilmente 105 a.C.), asse
Zecca di Castulo o Iliberri/Ilturir (Granada)
AE,21,01 gr., 32 mm, B (per il tipo)
D/ Testa ibercia (divinitŕ, magistrato, ma piů probabilmente muliebre)
R/ Chimera o grifone
Nota: leggibile anche una parte dell'etnico, in caratteri iberici (cosa inusuale per queste monete). Modulo particolarmente largo per il tipo (De Guadan 140, ma di modulo piů ampio).
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (17 novembre 2007, numero catalogo 47), ex collezione Gionata Barbieri, Napoli Italia (fino al 2007)
paolo
1ribaetica__unite.jpg
Hispania Baetica, asse (tempo di Augusto)41 viewsHispania Baetica, zecca di Castulo, tempo di Augusto
AE, 14,96 gr. , mm 28, B+
D/ testa elmata a dx (Augusto?)
R/ sfinge a dx
NOTA: patina desertica, piccola frattura sulla moneta
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (17 novembre 2007, numero catalogo 47bis), ex collezione Gionata Barbieri, Napoli Italia (fino al 2007)
paolo
john hunyadi.jpg
HUNGARY - Janos Hunyadi, Regent219 viewsHungary - Johann Hunyadi, Regent (1446-1453) AR Denarius. Hus. 620. Toned Fine.
Obverse: Lion, "TEMPORE { }. Reverse: Patriarchal cross, "+MONETA REGIS VNGARIE"
dpaul7
mary hung TWO.jpg
HUNGARY - MARIA160 viewsHUNGARY - Queen Maria (1383-1395) AR Denar. Husz. 569. Obv.: CROWN, "+mARIE D R VGARIE"/Patriarchal cross, "+ mOnETA mARIE R".dpaul7
mary of hungary.jpg
HUNGARY - Maria189 viewsHungary - Maria (1385-1395) AR Denarius. Crowned M "REGINA UNGARI"/ Double cross,"MONETA MARIE". Hus. 566 var. Toned VF.
dpaul7
Stephen V Hungary.jpg
HUNGARY - Stephen V128 viewsStephen V (1270-72), King of Hungary and Croatia, member of the legendary Arpad dynasty. 'Hebrew' AR Denar. King's portrait, "MONETA VNGARIE"/Hebrew letter 'Aleph' between eagles
dpaul7
sthyh.jpg
Hungary Louis I57 viewsHungary. Louis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .46 g.

Obv: + MOnETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left.
Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross rising from crown at its base, with random pellets.

Struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszar later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372) in Buda (now Budapest) by an unknown moneyer (per Pohl). Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
oneill6217
Ladislas_IV.jpg
Hungary, King Ladislas IV (1272-1290 A.D.)32 viewsAR Denar
11mm, .80g

Obverse:
+MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONIA
Lion Left. Star above and below.

Reverse:
A cross surrounded by a star, a moon, and two crowned heads. L to right of cross.
rubadub
Hungary_Ludwig_I.JPG
Hungary, Ludwig I, 1342 - 1382 26 viewsObv: MONETA LODOVICI, head of a Saracen facing left, within a circle.

Rev: +REGIS HVGARIE, patriarchal double-barred cross with six pellets, L - S within a circle.

Silver Denar, 1342 - 1382

0.42 grams, 13.27 mm, 45°

Huszar 547 (var.)
1 commentsMatt Inglima
ludvig.jpg
Hungary. Louis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar38 viewsHungary. Louis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar.

REGIS hVnGARIE, Saracen head left / + MOnETA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). Those without a privy mark were struck in Pécs by Johannes Saracenus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This is an uncommon variety of the emission, in that the standard obverse and reverse legends are transposed. It is neither described nor depicted in any of the catalogs.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
oneill6217
Huszár-324.jpg
Hungary: Béla IV (1235-1270) Denár (Huszár-324; Unger-256)17 viewsObv: + MONETA • BELE REGIS; star and crescent above and below • I U I •
Rev: Griffon facing right
1 commentsSpongeBob
Huszár-547.jpg
Hungary: Lajos (1342-1382) Denár (Huszár-547, Unger-432d)36 viewsObv: + MOnETA LODOVICI, Saracen head facing left
Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets, lily; S in fields beneath cross-arms
1 commentsSpongeBob
Huszár-708.jpg
Hungary: Mathew I. Corvinus (1458-1490) Denár (Huszár-708; Unger-557/b)36 viewsObv: + mOnETA • mAThIE • DE; Divided Coat of Arms (stripes and Hunyadi Lion)
Rev: • REGIS • hVnGARIE •; double cross above crown, mintmark on either side
1 commentsSpongeBob
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-1_no_pellets.jpg
Huszár 547 var., Pohl 89-1 var., Unger 432a, var., Réthy II 89A var., Frynas H.25.32 var.17 viewsLajos/Louis I (Lajos I (1342-1382)

AR denar, .64 g., 13.88 mm. max., 0°.

Obv: + mOnETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross without random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 per Huszár, who later wrote that the coinage incepted in 1372, and per Pohl and Unger; in 1358-1371 per Frynas, apparently based on Tóth, Csaba, Der "Sarachen-Denar," Folia Archaeologica 49/50 (2001-2002), pp. 349-366; and in 1358-1366 per Gyöngyössy. Those without a privy mark were struck in Pécs by Johannes Saracenus (per Pohl), or at an unknown mint (per Gyöngyössy).

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Szerechen/Saracenus and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.

Huszár/Pohl rarity3, Unger value 8 DM, Frynas rarity C. Ratings pertain to the usual variety, in which there are random pellets around the cross.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_566_Pohl_112-1.JPG
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-1, Unger 442a, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.5, Toma plate I/171 views
Hungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .49 g., 15.02 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + mOnETA mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross

Rev: + REGInE VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Mária (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Mária 's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Zsigmond's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, struck without a privy mark in the reverse fields, was probably struck in Buda (per Pohl).

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists three variations among 302 coins struck in Buda (Pohl 112-1). The legends on this coin are as per Toma 1. Toma notes 260 coins with this combination.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard, all of which are listed by Toma as being among 271 Buda issues (Pohl 112-1). The cross on this coin is apparently Toma B (wide cross with split ends), which is linked to Toma's crowned Ms a-d; the crowned M appears to be Toma c. Toma notes 96 coins with the B/c combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas. The legend combination depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl differs in that there are pellets between words on the obverse and reverse.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszár_566,_Pohl_112-1_2.jpg
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-1, Unger 442a, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.5, Toma plate I/823 viewsHungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .65 g., 13.98 mm. max., 90°

Obv: + mOnETA mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross. pellet below.

Rev: + REGInE VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Mária (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Mária 's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Zsigmond's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, struck without a privy mark in the reverse fields, was probably struck in Buda (per Pohl).

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists three variations among 302 coins struck in Buda (Pohl 112-1). The legends on this coin are as per Toma 1. Toma notes 260 coins with this combination.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard, all of which are listed by Toma as being among 271 Buda issues (Pohl 112-1). The cross on this coin is Toma C (wide cross with split ends and pellet below), which is linked to Toma's crowned Ms c-h; the crowned M appears to be Toma e. Toma notes 14 coins with the C/e combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas. The legend combination depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl differs in that there are pellets between words on the obverse and reverse.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_566.JPG
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-2, Unger 442f, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.5176 viewsHungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .41 g., 14.00 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + mOnETA MARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGInE VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M, lilies in fields.

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Maria (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Maria's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Sigismund's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, with lilies in both reverse fields, was struck in Kassa/Kaschau, now Košice, Slovakia (per Pohl).

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists eight variations among 93 coins struck in Kassa with two lilies (Pohl 112-2). The legends on this coin are as per Toma 1. Toma notes 36 coins with this combination.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard, of which only the B/c combination is listed by Toma as being among 79 Kassa issues with two lilies (Pohl 112-2). This coin appears to bear that B/c combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas. The legend combination depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl differs in that there are small pellets between words on both the obverse and reverse.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_566_Pohl_112-3.JPG
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-3, Unger 442g, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.5, Toma plate I/1726 views
Hungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .52 g., 15.5 mm. max., 270°

Obv: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGInE • VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M, lily in left field.

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Maria (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Maria's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Sigismund's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, with a lily in the reverse left field, was struck in Kassa/Kaschau, now Košice, Slovakia (per Pohl).

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists three variations among just four coins struck in Kassa with a lily in the left field (Pohl 112-3). The legends on this coin are as per Toma 3. Toma notes one coin with this combination.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard, of which only the B/c combination is listed by Toma as being among four Kassa issues with a lily in the left field (Pohl 112-3). This coin appears to bear the B/c combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl. The legend combination depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas differs in that there are no small pellets between words on the obverse and reverse.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_566_Pohl_112-7.JPG
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-7, Unger 442c, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.5, Toma plate II/231 views
Hungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .50 g., 14.52 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross

Rev: + REGInE • VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M, star below

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Maria (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Maria's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Sigismund's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, with a star below the M, was struck at an unidentified mint (per Pohl).

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists one variation, Toma 3, among just nine coins with the star privy mark (Pohl 112-7). The legends on this coin are as per Toma 3.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard, of which only the B/c combination is listed by Toma as being among nine coins with the star privy mark (Pohl 112-7). This coin appears to bear the B/c combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl. The legend combination depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas differs in that there are no pellets between words on the obverse and reverse.
Stkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar566_Pohl_112-__pellet.png
Huszár 566, Pohl 112-_, Unger 442-, Réthy II 114, Frynas 26.516 viewsHungary. Mária/Maria (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg)

AR denar; .72 g., 14.60 mm. max., 180°

Obv: + mOnETA mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross

Rev: + REGInE VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Crowned M, pellet below

The type was struck in only in 1383 (per Huszár, Unger and Frynas) or from 1383 through 1385 (per Pohl). It is traditionally viewed as the second of three denarii struck by Maria (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 569). More recently, it has been viewed as Maria's third type (per Gyöngyössi and Toma), struck in 1386-1387, ending when Sigismund's coinage began (per Gyöngyössi). This coin, with a pellet below the M, is not recorded by Huszár, Pohl or Unger and is not represented in Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard.

Toma notes twelve legend variations among 456 coins of this type in the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934 (but lists only eleven). They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. The legends on this coin are as per Toma 1. Toma notes 54 coins with this combination, none with the pellet privy mark.

Toma further notes three versions of the patriarchal cross and eight versions of the crowned M. There are fourteen obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 411 coins from the hoard. This coin appears to bear the B/c combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5; Frynas rarity C. The legend combination appearing on this coin is depicted/described in Unger, Réthy and Frynas. The legend combination depicted/described in Huszár and Pohl differs in that there are pellets between words on the obverse and reverse. This coin bears an unrecorded mintmark.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-1_v_.jpg
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-1 var., Unger 443a var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var.13 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .51 g., 14.95 mm. max., 270°.

Obv: + mARIE • D • R • VnGARIE [Gothic-style letters A], crown with interior cross hatching.

Rev: + mO ... n ... mARIE • REI [Gothic-style letters A with interior bar], Patriarchal cross with pellets [overstrike].

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The type was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of this type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists seven variations among seventeen coins without a privy mark (Pohl 114-1). The precise legend combination on this coin cannot be discerned due to the reverse over-strike.

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, one of which occurs among two identified coins without a privy mark (Pohl 114-1). Neither the crown nor the cross comport with any recorded by Toma.
Huszár/Pohl rarity 5, Frynas rarity C. The legend combination described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl; in Unger and Réthy, and in Frynas, all differ. This coin is an unusual variety both in terms of the cross-hatching on the obverse and the style of crown and cross
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-4_Rupp_9.jpg
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-4 var., Unger 443d var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., cf. Rupp 43/926 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .40 g., 14.08 mm. max, 180°

Obv: + mOnETA • mARIA • [antiqua-style letters A without interior bar], Open crown with CM below

Rev: ...OnETA ... [antiqua-style letters A without interior bar; double-struck], Patriarchal cross

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár 569 was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with a Cm below the crown, was struck in Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz (now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Johannes Craczer in 1385 (per Pohl).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of the standard type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among five coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4).

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, only one of which, Toma A/b, appears among four coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4). This coin appears to bear the A/b combination.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. Due to the double-striking of the cross side of this coin, most of the legend is undecipherable. From the few letters that can be discerned, that side, like the crown side, appears to read, + mOnETA mARIA (or a variant). If so, this coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas, nor by Toma. It is, however, recorded by Rupp.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-4.JPG
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-4 var., Unger 443d var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., Rupp 42/4-6 Tab XV/430, Toma Exceptional Version A Plate III/15-17 var. (legends)178 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .56 g., 15.24 mm. max, 0°

Obv: + REGInE • VnGARI [Gothic-style letter A], Open crown with CM below

Rev: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A], Patriarchal cross

As both sides of the standard Huszár 569 carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár 569 was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with a Cm below the crown, was struck in Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz (now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Johannes Craczer in 1385 (per Pohl).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of the standard type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among five coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4).

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, only one of which, Toma A/b, appears among four coins with a Cm (Pohl 114-4). The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma A/b.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. This coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas. It is also not included in Toma's tabulation of legend variations or design combinations. It was recorded by Rupp with the Cm mark (Pohl 114-4) and viewed by Unger (1974) to be a distinct type, although it is not included in his catalog. Toma notes 16 coins of this variation in the hoard, bearing four privy marks, eleven with this mark but different legend combinations (Toma plate III/15-17). This combination is represented with a different mark from Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz. Toma refers to the side with the patriarchal cross as the obverse, and notes that the design and legend are as per the obverse of Huszár 566. Toma refers to the side with the crown as the reverse, and notes that legend is as per the reverse legend of Huszár 566 but that the design is as per the obverse of Huszár 569. Toma concludes that this variation represents a distinct type, chronologically sandwiched between the earlier Huszár 569 and later Huszár 566.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-5_1.jpg
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-5 var., Unger 443e var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., Toma plate III/3 var. Probably a contemporary counterfeit.17 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .45 g., 15.88 mm. max., 270°

Obv: +mOnIE...R VnGARIE [unconventional-style letter A and other letters], Open crown with h below

Rev: + mOnETA mARIE [unconventional-style letters A and other letters], Patriarchal cross

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The type was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). Coins with a letter h privy mark below the crown were struck in Nagyszeben/Hermannstadt, now Sibiu, Romania, in 1386-1395 (per Pohl).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of this type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists one variation among just three coins with this privy mark (Pohl 114-5). This legend variation is not recorded by Toma. Although many letters are indistinct, the style of many letters is unconventional and the legend on the crown side appears to be bungled. This suggests that the coin is a contemporary counterfeit.

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, one of which, C/a, occurs aamong coins with this privy mark (Pohl 114-5). The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma C/a (crown C is linked only with cross a).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 5, Frynas rarity C. The legend combination described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl; in Unger and Réthy, and in Frynas, all differ.
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HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-8.jpg
Huszár 569 var., Pohl 114-8 var., Unger 443h var., Réthy II 116 var., Frynas H.26.4 var., Rupp 42/4-6 var. (legend and privy mark) Plate XV/430, Toma Exceptional Version A 23 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .54 g., 14.36 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + REGIn... VnGARIE [Gothic-style letter A], Open crown with K below

Rev: + mOnETA • mARIE [Gothic-style letters A; letter T stylized to resemble a letter m], Patriarchal cross

As both sides of the standard Huszár 569 carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The standard Huszár 569 was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma). This coin, with a letter K below the crown, was struck in Körmöcbánya/Kremnitz (now Kremnica, Slovakia) in 1386-1395 (per Pohl).

The letter T on the reverse of this coin is stylized to resemble the letter m. Toma notes that this style of letter T appears on the coins of this type struck at Körmöcbánya, but this apparently occurs only on those bearing the this privy mark (Pohl 114-8) and not on those bearing the Cm mark (Pohl 114-2).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of the standard type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among five coins with a Cm mark (Pohl 114-4).

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross on the standard type. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, one of which, Toma A/b, appears on the single coin with this mark (Pohl 114-8). The design combination on this coin appears to be Toma A/b.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5. This coin is a variation of the type not described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl, Unger and Réthy, or Frynas. It is also not included in Toma's tabulation of legend variations or design combinations. It was recorded by Rupp with the K mark (Pohl 114-8) and viewed by Unger (1974) to be a distinct type, although it is not included in his catalog. Toma notes 16 coins of this variation in the hoard, bearing four privy marks, three with this mark, one which may bear this legend combinations. Toma refers to the side with the patriarchal cross as the obverse, and notes that the design and legend are as per the obverse of Huszár 566. Toma refers to the side with the crown as the reverse, and notes that legend is as per the reverse legend of Huszár 566 but that the design is as per the obverse of Huszár 569. Toma concludes that this variation represents a distinct type, chronologically sandwiched between the earlier Huszár 569 and later Huszár 566.
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HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-1.jpg
Huszár 569, Pohl 114-1, Unger 443a, Réthy II 116, Frynas H.26.438 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .48 g., 15.23 mm. max., 90°.

Obv: + mARIE : D • R • VnGARIE [antiqua-style letters A without interior bar], crown with pellet above.

Rev: + mOnETA : mARIE : RE : [antiqua-style letters A with interior bar], Patriarchal cross with pellets.

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The type was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (per Pohl), and is traditionally viewed as the last of three denarii struck by Maria. More recently, it has been viewed as the second type struck by her (after Huszár 565 and before Huszár 566), in 1383-1385 (per Gyöngyössi and Toma).

Toma notes fifteen legend variations among 45 coins of this type within the Cluj-Mănăştur Hoard, found in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (formerly, Kolozsvár, Hungary), in 1934. They differ mainly in terms of completeness of legends, spelling of the queen's name, presence of pellets, and the styles of the letter A. Toma lists two variations among two coins without a privy mark (Pohl 114-1). The legend combination on this coin is not represented in the hoard.

Toma further notes four versions of the crown and four versions of the patriarchal cross. There are six obverse/reverse design combinations appearing among 41 coins in the hoard, one of which occurs among the two identified coins without a privy mark (Pohl 114-1). The design combination on this coin is Toma A/a (crown A is linked only with crosses a and b; cross a is linked only with crown A).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 5, Frynas rarity C. The legend combination described/depicted in Huszár and Pohl; in Unger and Réthy, and in Frynas, all differ.
2 commentsStkp
HUN_Maria_Huszar_569_Pohl_114-10.JPG
Huszár 569, Pohl 114-10, Unger 443k, Réthy II 116 Frynas H.26.4, Toma Plate III/9-10 var. (legends)54 viewsHungary. Maria/Mária (1382-1387 solo reign; 1387-1395 with husband Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg)

AR denar, .48 g., 15.06 mm max. 90°

Obv: + MARIA • ... nGARI [antiqua-style letters A without interior bars], Open crown with letter n below.

Rev: + M...ETA • MARIA, Patriarchal cross.

As both sides carry a titular legend, there is no consensus regarding obverse and reverse. The fullest legend on the side identified by Huszár and Pohl as the obverse (the side with the crown) is + mARIE D G R VnGARIE (although most coins are missing at least the first G). The fullest legend on the side identified by Unger, Réthy, Frynas and Gyöngyössy as the obverse (the side with the patriarchal cross) is + mOnETA mARIE R V. Since the letters R V are so often omitted from the cross side, Toma accepts the crown side as the obverse.

The type was struck in 1384-1395 (per Huszár, with Unger and Frynas agreeing that it incepted in 1384) or in 1385-1395 (pe