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CLAUDIUS-1.jpg
80 viewsCLAUDIUS I - As - 42/54 AD - Mint of Rome
Obv.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P
Bare head left
Rev.: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S C
Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Cohen 14, Sear RCV 1858
g. 10 mm. 29,9
1 commentsMaxentius
DenCassioLongino.jpg
35 viewsDenarius - 63 B.C. - L. Cassius Longinus. Gens Cassia
Obv.: Draped and veiled bust of Vesta left; kylix behind, S before
Rev.: Togate male standing facing, dropping tablet into a cista; LONGIN. III. V behind.
g. 3,85 mm. 18
Crawford 413/1; Sear RCV 364, Syd 935.

Maxentius
severus_alexander_virtus.jpg
95 viewsSeverus Alexander, AR Denarius, 228-231, Rome
Obverse: IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG
Laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG
Virtus, helmeted, right breast exposed, standing left, Victory in right hand, left hand resting on shield, spear against left arm
18mm x 20mm, 3.29g
RIC IV, Part II, 220 (C)
Note: purchased from Beast Coins October 2007. Zack indicated that It was one of the first ancient coins he ever owned and bought it from David Vagi at the Mid-America Coin Show in 2000 along with 14 other pieces
3 commentspaul1888
abm_tetricus_fides_long_leg.jpg
18 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse FIDES MILITVM

IMP C P ESV TETRIC[VS AVG], Radiate, cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Adrianus
hadrian_denarius_clementia.jpg
114 viewsHadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Silver denarius, BMCRE III 536, RIC II 206, RSC 218, EF, 3.046g, 19.9mm, 180o, Rome mint, 132 - 134 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse CLEMENTIA AVG COS III P P, Clementia standing half left, patera in right, long vertical scepter in left
Coin and photo ex. Forum
3 commentspaul1888
Tetricus_I_FIDES_long_leg.jpg
9 viewsAdrianus
ANTLEGXV.jpg
72 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint

32-31BC

Patrae mint

3.16g


32-31BC

The XV is there, much easier to see in hand.

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4
Otacil_Sev.jpg
43 viewsOtacilia Severa, AR Antoninianus, 246-248, Rome
Obverse: MARCIA OTACIL-SEVERA AVG
Diademed, draped bust right on crescent, hair weaved in straight lines and rows with long plait carried up the back of head
Reverese: PVDICITIA AVG
Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, drawing veil with right hand, transverse scepter in left
RIC IV, Part III, 123c
Ex: Colosseum Coin Exchange Auction #6 Tuesday May 12, 2009
1 commentspaul1888
Album-2677.JPG
11 viewsGeorgia Georgia and Armenia as part of the Iranian state
Husayn, 1105-1135 H./1694-1722 AD Abbasi of oblong shape 1129 H., Tiflîs, mint and date in central cartouche. Album 2677
SpongeBob
image00075.jpg
10 viewsParthian Kingdom. Vologases IV . A.D. 147-191. Ć 18 Dichalkon (17.89 mm, 3.53 g, 12 h). struck A.D. 154. Bust of Volgases IV facing with long, tapered beard, end cut square; wearing tiara with hooks on crest, horn on side and long, curved earflaps; to right, Seleucid date (= SE 466 = A.D. 154) / Nike seated left on column; palm in left field. Sellwood ICP 84.142; Shore --. VF, tan patina with greenish encrustation in recesses, edge split. Quant.Geek
Tetricus_Ier_-_titaluture_longue_-_FIDES_MILITVM.jpg
10 views[IMP C G P ESVVI]VS TETRICVS AVG
FIDES MILITVM
buste drapé et cuirassé
de la collection THYS
PYL
muse_astronomy.jpg
35 viewsQ. Pomponius Musa. 56 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.82 g, 7h). Rome mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; star of eight rays to left / Urania, the Muse of Astronomy, wearing long flowing tunic and peplum, standing left, touching with wand held in right hand globe set on base. Crawford 410/8; Sydenham 823; Pomponia 22.

From the Fay Beth Wedig Collection.
2 commentspaul1888
Tiberius_Pontif_Maxim.jpg
3 Tiberius Denarius29 viewsTIBERIUS
AR Denarius (3.5 g)
Lugdunum mint, struck 18-35 AD

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM; Livia, as Pax, seated r., holding olive branch & long scepter; ornate chair legs

RIC 30; BMCRE 48; RSC 16a.
Cleaning scratches. Discussed and authenticated on FORVM ancient coins board
RI0051
Sosius
antoniad.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA16 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
Gordian_Varb_3771.jpg
1 Gordian III19 viewsGORDIAN III
AE 28/30, Hadrianopolis ,9.22g

O: ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡ∆ΙΑΝΟC ΑΥ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind

R: Α∆ΡΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ, Demeter standing left, grain-ears in extended right, long torch in left

Varbanov II 3771 ff., aVF, double struck on obverse and reverse
Sosius
Gordian_III_Moushmov_761.jpg
1 Gordian III8 viewsGordian III
AE26mm of Markianopolis.

O: Laureate draped bust right

R: Demeter standing left with grain ears and long torch

Moushmov 761
Sosius
Titus_RIC_229.jpg
11 Titus19 viewsTITUS
AE As. 80 AD

O: IMP T CAES VESP AVG PM TRP COS VIII, laureate head r.

R: PAX AVGVST S-C, Pax standing facing, head l., holding branch & long winged caduceus.

RIC 229; Choice F
RI0055
Sosius
Hadrian_Dupon_RIC_974.jpg
15 Hadrian Dupondius19 viewsHADRIAN
AE Dupondius
HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, radiate head right / HILARITAS PR S-C, COS III in ex, Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia, small boy and girl to sides.
Cohen 820, RIC 974, Sear 3664
RI0091
Sosius
1000-28-087.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius55 viewsAntoninus Pius. A.D. 138-161. Ć sestertius (34.0 mm, 25.29 g, 11 h). Rome mint, Struck A.D. 145-161. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS IIII, laureate head right / FELICITAS AVG, SC, Felicitas standing left, holding capricorn and long caduceus. RIC 770; BMCRE 1677. aVF.
Ex 1030, sale 53, lot 106. Ex- Dave Surber Collection.
Ex Agora Auction 28, lot 87
4 commentsSosius
Otacilla_Moushmov_3514.jpg
2.1 Otacilla Severa20 viewsOtacilia Severa
AE 25mm of Bizya, Thrace.

M WTAKEILIA CEBHPA CEB, diademed & draped bust right / BIZVENWN, Artemis standing left, holding arrow & long torch; stag at feet.

Moushmov 3514
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?19 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
Macrinus_Moushmov_1292.jpg
27 Macrinus AE27 N&I19 viewsMACRINUS
AE27 of Nikopolis ad Istrum, legate Statius Longinus.

AVT K M OPEL CEV - MAKPEINOC AV, laureate bust right / YP CTA LONGINOY NIKOPOLITWN PR-OC I, Hermes, naked except drapery over left shoulder, standing left, holding caduceus and purse.

Pick 1748, Moushmov 1292
Sosius
Leo_RIC_X_704.jpg
91 Leo RIC X 7047 viewsLEO I
AE4, Constantinople Mint
457-474 AD

O: DN LEO, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right

R: Leo standing facing, head right, holding long cross in right and placing left hand on head of kneeling captive.

Mintmark CN. RIC X 704. Sear (2014) 21452. VF
Sosius
Zeno_Solidus.jpg
98 Zeno Solidus23 viewsZeno, First Reign
AV Solidus. Constantinople Mint

D N ZENO-PERP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, holding shield, spear behind / VICTORI-A AVGGG and officina letter, Victory standing left, holding long cross, star in right field, CONOB in exergue.

RIC 910. Sear (2014) 21514. Broad flan. Holed, but otherwise VF.

Thanks to FORVM member Rick2 for his help identifying this coin!
Sosius
aeeu.jpg
Aelia Eudoxia, RIC X 104 Antioch16 viewsAelia Eudoxia, AE3, 400-404 CE
Obverse: AEL EVDO_XIA AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped bust right, wearing pearl necklace and earrings, hair elaborately weaved with long plait up the back of head and tucked under diadem, hand of God holding wreath above head.
Reverse: SALVS REI_PVBLICAE, Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield set on a column
ANTG in exergue Antioch, Officina 3. 17.05mm., 1.4 g.
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
As_de_Nimes.jpg
Augustus & Agrippa AE Dupondius. Nemausus Mint, 20-10 BC. 44 viewsIMP DIVI F, back-to-back heads of Agrippa, wearing rostral crown, & Augustus, bare / COL NEM, crocodile chained to palm, wreath with long ties trailing above. Cohen 7, RPC 523, RIC 155, sear5 1729.Antonivs Protti
fas.jpg
Diva Faustina Senior, wife of Antoninus Pius. Died 141 CE. 31 viewsAR Denarius (3.35 gm). 18.5 mm.
Obverse: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right.
Reverse: C-E-RES, Ceres, veiled, standing left, holding long torch and grain ears. RIC III 378 (Antoninus); BMCRE 461 (Antoninus); RSC 136.
.
NORMAN K
fc12.jpg
Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Ć As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 4525 viewsJoe Geranio Collection (anyone may use as long as credit is given) Drusus. Caesar, AD 19-23. Ć As (28mm, 10.63 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Bare head left / Legend around large S · C. RIC I 45 (Tiberius).1 commentsJoe Geranio
Hartill-17_741.jpg
Imperial China, Southern Song: Duan Ping (1234-1236) AE 5 Cash (Hartill-17.741)12 viewsObv: 端平通寶 Duan Ping tong bao (1234-1236); Long bao
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
DSC01795.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-42gm 13 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
DSC01834.JPG
INDIA-Panchala-Kingdom-HALF-Karshapana-INDIRAMITRA-RARE-COIN-4-6gm 12 viewsObverse Lord Indra standing on a pedestal
Reverse Three Panchala symbols in a row, with name below in Brahmi script: Indramitrasa
Date c. 1st century BCE - 1st century CE (highly uncertain)
Weight 4.78 gm.
Diameter 16 mm.
Die axis 5 o'clock
Reference MAC 4539, Shrimali Type A
Comments The Panchala series is one of the most interesting of the ancient India coin series, because it is quite long and the kings are named on them. Unfortunately, we know very little about the chronology. The order of kings is not known and even the dates of the series are still debated. It appears the series belongs in the post-Mauryan period, but further details are still unavailable.

You can see a catalog of Panchala coins on the CoinIndia website.
Antonivs Protti
Cloacina.jpg
L. Mussidius Longus3 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome L. Mussidius Longus, 42 BCE AR denarius, Rome mint.Ancient Aussie
FC2.jpg
LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Ć (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right.20 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Ć (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. RPC I 3022. Anyone May Use as Long as Credit is Given.Joe Geranio
Lysimachos_Alexander_the_Great_Portrait_Coin~0.JPG
Lysimachos Alexander the Great Portrait Coin117 viewsLysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great, Kingdon of Thrace, Silver tetradrachm, (Posthumous issue c. 280 - 200 BC), 16.675g, 30.6mm, die axis 0o, Müller 460, Thompson -, SNG Cop -, SNG UK -, uncertain mint,
OBV: Diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon
REV: BASILEWS LUSIMACOU, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning name with wreath in right,
resting left arm on shield at side, transverse spear behind, bow case inner left

EX: Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (18 Sep 2008), lot 20015; EX: Forum Ancient Coins
3 commentsRomanorvm
FC21.jpg
MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Ć 17mm 31 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (anyone can use as long as credit is give) MACEDON, Philippi. Tiberius. AD 14-37. Ć 17mm (3.93 g). Laureate head right / Founder standing right, behind two yoked oxen. RPC I 1657.Joe Geranio
macrinus3342.jpg
Macrinus, AE 27of Nikopolis ad Istrum, magistrate Agrippa.22 viewsMoesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Macrinius 217-218 CE.
Obverse: AV K M OPEL CEVH MAKRINOC, laureate, cuirassed bust with scale armour right.
Reverse: VP AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC / ICTRW, Tyche in long double chiton and palla, wearing kalathos standing left, holding rudder set on globe and cornucopiae.
Varbanov 3420, 27.75mm 12.8 g.
sold 4-2018
NORMAN K
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196664 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
maxmin.jpg
Maximianus I, RIC 292 Lugdunum16 viewsMAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS, 286-305
Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: COMES - AVGG / C Minerva, wearing long dress, mantle and helmet, standing facing, head turned left., holding shield with her left hand, lance with her right hand.
RIC 292, 23.9 mm., 3.2 g.
NORMAN K
FC20.jpg
Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Ć Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horseback20 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- (Anyone may use as long as credit is given-(Joe Geranio JCIA) Nero & Drusus Caesar. Died AD 31 and 33, respectively. Ć Dupondius (28mm, 16.30 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-38. Nero and Drusus on horsebackJoe Geranio
IMG_2204_-_____.JPG
Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais Valerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 2662 viewsValerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 26 . Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais.
Obv: IMP C P L - [VALERIANVS] AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rx: COL - P - T - OL Sacred tree between serpents rising from two altars or baskets; to right, winged caduceus. Rare: this type missing in BM, Lindgren, Berk photofile, and Wildwinds. CoinArchives includes a specimen from the same reverse die, but with radiate portrait on obverse: Heritage 357, Long Beach, 9 September 2004, lot 12092. Cohen 374 (de Saulcy Collection). Adjustment marks on obverse.
1 commentsMaritima
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC46 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
0191-a00.JPG
Plautilla, overview294 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
greek2.jpg
Uranopolis,Macedon. AE 1612 viewsSear 1475 / SNG ANS 7. 914 / 300BC
obv: urania seated on globe holding long scepter
rev: SUN
city founded by Alexar Chos brother of
Kassander
hill132
00011x00.jpg
19 viewsGAUL, Lugdunum (?)
PB Tessera (14mm, 2.13 g)
CPF, palm frond below
Blank
Cf. Turcan 221, 225-6, and others.

Found in Southern Spain.

This struck piece shares its general engraving style and palm frond motif with a number of specimens in the museum of Lyons. Perhaps, considering its Spanish provenance, the type saw circulation along the coast of the western Mediterranean.
Ardatirion
00026x00.jpg
101 viewsROME
Ć Tessera (13mm, 0.98g 7h)
Crescent and stars series
Vesta standing left, holding palladium and long scepter
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis 8.(?)0.48.6; vAuctions 270, lot 362
Ardatirion
00013x00~0.jpg
28 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 4.04 g, 12 h)
Ceres standing facing, head left, holding long scepter and grain ears
CA/ PR
Rostowzew -
1 commentsArdatirion
00055x00.jpg
33 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.37 g, 7 h)
Ceres standing facing, holding long scepter and grain ears
Two applauding spectators seated right on steps; inverted IV (Iuvenes?) below
Rostovtsev 542 = Kircheriano 1131
Ardatirion
8479.jpg
40 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.11 g, 12 h)
Cybele riding right on lion, holding transverse scepter
Attis standing right, wearing Phrygian cap, holding long scepter and ears of grain
Rostowzew 3213, pl. X, 14 var. (no legend); München 631 var. (same); BM 1356-9 var. (same)
1 commentsArdatirion
tessera~2.jpg
39 viewsROME
PB Tessera. (18mm, 3.09 g)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Juno standing left, holding patera and long scepter
Rostowzew -; Milan 324

Ex Phil DeVicchi Collection
Ardatirion
00021x00~0.jpg
39 viewsTiberius. AD 14-37
Ć As (26mm, 9.14 g, 12 h)
Gaul? Imitating Rome mint issue struck AD 21-22
[TI CAESAR DIV]I AVG F AVGVST IMP [VII or VIII]
Bare head right
PONT[IF MAXIM TRIBVN] POTEST XXXIIII
Livia seated right, holding patera and long scepter; SC flanking
Cf. Cohen 19

The authors of RIC I do not recognize this type as being official. Cohen likely saw a similar imitation, assuming it to be an original mint issue.
1 commentsArdatirion
kyHWAyT.jpg
8 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1838.
AM I NOT A WOMAN & A SISTER, hained female slave kneeling right, raising arms in supplication; * 1838 * below UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, LIBERTY/ 1838 within wreath
Rulau HT 81; Low 54

Ex Album 33 (17 January 2019), lot 2542

June 1900 saw a brief flurry of journalistic interest in the "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister" tokens. A specimen had been found in a garden in Indiana, apparently in one of the many towns that claim a connection to the Underground Railroad, and received a glowing and fanciful write up in the local newspaper. The paper claimed that it was a "Talisman of Slavery," and used as a token to ensure safe passage along the escaped slave's route, and that it was a very rare piece. The following week a newspaper in Maine recorded that a local collector had another example, again drawing a purported connection to the Underground Railroad. Astutely, the July 1900 edition of the American Journal of Numismatics pointed out that, while an isolated use like this was possible, it was not what the tokens were originally intended for.
Ardatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
23 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
islamic_2.jpg
63 viewsEAST AFRICA, Kilwa Sultanate. 'Ali bin al-Hasan. Late 5th century AH / 11th century AD
Ć Fals (21mm, 2.68 g, 3 h). Kilwa Kisiwani mint.
Inscription in two lines; star at center
Inscription in three lines
Album 1180; Walker, Kilwa 12; SICA 10, 589-91; Zeno 87054 (this coin)

Acquired in the 1960's, likely through circulation in Dar-es-Salaam.

Chittick ("On the Chronology of the sultans of Kilwa" in NC 13, 1973), the excavator of Kilwa Kisiwani, notes that these issues were found in the earliest stratigraphic layers and accordingly reassigns them to the first sultan of Kilwa. Walker and Freeman-Grenville gave them to an otherwise unattested 13th century ruler of the same name. However, the picture is muddled by finds from the excavations at Songo Mnara, occupied only between the 14th and 16th centuries, where this type was among the most numerous to be found. The type is unlikely to have remained in circulation for such a long period and may been reissued by subsequent rulers.
Ardatirion
00068x00.jpg
34 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.04 g, 6 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L Є flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00071x00.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (25mm, 6.33 g, 12 h)
Dated year […] of an uncertain era
Draped bust of Antinous right, crescent before
Serapis standing left, holding long scepter; L [?] flanking
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
2740288.jpg
50 viewsEGYPT, Athribis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.17 g, 12h).
Tyche reclining left on couch (hiera klinę, or lectisternium), holding rudder in outstretched right hand and resting head on raised left set on pillow; A[Θ]PI[B]IC/ [ΠOΛ]OI above
Nike standing right, holding palm frond and presenting wreath to Serapis standing left, holding long scepter in left hand and raising right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 274, lot 288 (there as Memphis).
Ardatirion
Oxyrhynchus_5312.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Oxyrhynchus
PB Tessera (25mm, 9.10 g, 2h)
Athena standing left, holding Nike and long scepter, all within distyle temple with pellet in pediment
Nike advancing left, holding palm frond and wreath; OΞ to left
Milne 5312-4; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3534 (same dies)
Ardatirion
Egypt_5409.jpg
36 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (21mm, 3.70 g, 11 h)
Dated year 5 of an uncertain era
Hermes standing left, holding bag and long caduceus; to left, ramleaping left, star above
Vexillum; L [Є] flanking
Milne 5409 corr. (ram not described); Dattari (Savio) 6453 corr. (vexillum on reverse); Köln -
Ardatirion
IMG_1361.JPG
64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
Ardatirion
973330.jpg
32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
Ardatirion
louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-olong.JPG
Dy.214 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 032 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.96 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

The only difference between this emission and the previous one is the 0 in TVR0NVS, which is now long instead of round.
Droger
philippe4-gros-tournois-lis.JPG
Dy.217 Philip IV (the Fair): Gros tournois with a long 0 and a lily26 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Gros tournois with long 0 and a lily (1298)

Silver (958 ‰), 3.98 g, diameter 27 mm, die axis 7h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS(ringlet)REX; cross pattée; outer circle: BNDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV.XPI
R: inner circle: +TVR0NVS*CIVIS; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis
Droger
philippe4-denier-tournois-olong.JPG
Dy.225 Philip IV (the Fair): denier tournois with a long 013 viewsPhilip IV, king of France (1285-1314)
Denier tournois with long 0 (1290-1295)

Billon (299 ‰), 0.92 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 9h
O: +PHILIPPVS REX; cross pattée
R: +TVR0NVS CIVIS; châtel tournois

It is exactly the same type as the denier tournois with round O, but with a long 0, as for the Gros tournois.
Droger
philippe6-gros-lis.JPG
Dy.263 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la fleur de lis, 2ond emission ?11 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la fleur de lis (3 emissions between 1341 and 1343)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.50 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: +PhILIPPVS.REX; cross pattée with a fleur-de-lis in the NE quadrant; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; fleur-de-lis; outer circle: a circle of 10 fleur-de-lis

The 3 emissions are very similar, the weight is the only difference. This coin may belong to the 2ond emission.
Droger
victorin-piavvionius-pax.JPG
RIC.116 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pax Avg)6 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (1st emission, 269, Trčves)

Billon (20 ‰), 1.92 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1 h

A/ IMP C M PIAVVIONIVS VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ PA-X AVG; Pax standing left, holding an olive-branch and a sceptre

Long titulature for Victorinus, characteristic of the first emission.

EG.186
Droger
louis3-denier-tours.JPG
D.1041 Louis III (denier, Tours)28 viewsLouis III, king of the Franks (879-882)
Denier (Tours)

Silver, 1.78 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +IIISIRICORDIΛ DI REX; Louis' monogram (legend beginning at 3h)
R/ +HTVR◊NES CIVITAS; croix pattée

Louis III became king of West Francia at 16 after his father Louis II died quite young. As he was the only living son of Charles II, Louis II had inherited the full kingdom of West Francia from his father. At opposite, when Louis II died, his sons Louis III and Carloman II divided the kingdom into a northern part for Louis III and a southern part for his brother Carloman II. During his reign, Louis III (in alliance with his brother) achieved military successes, especially against Vikings. However, Louis III's reign didn't last long. Louis III died inadvertently at 19 while chasing a girl on his horse. He hit violently the lintel of a door with his head.
Louis III's coinage is hard to distinguish from Louis II's. Both bear the same name et both reigns were very short. Three kinds of coins can be found:
* coins with legend LVDOVICS REX and a KRLS monogram : these coins have been found for northern and southern mints and are consequently given for Louis II;
* coins with a LVDOVICVS monogram ; they have only been found for the northern mints, and are consequently supposed to be Louis III's;
* coins of Toulouse with LV/DO, imitating the ones of Charles emperor with CA/RL. The attribution to Louis II seems to be straightforward due to the southern position.
The legend of the coin is different from the traditional Gratia di Rex, but still shows a religious origin. However its success remained very limited, with some scare coins of Louis III and Eudes.
3 commentsDroger
aethelred2-long-cross.JPG
S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)5 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
Droger
w14240.jpg
"8 Zhu" Ban Liang of Qin Kingdom (Eastern Zhou Dynasty)24 viewsMinted 300-220 BCE.

Two huge Chinese characters - Ban Liang ("Half an ounce"), no rims or other marks / Blank, no rims. Unfiled edges.

This very large thin coins of variable weight were made under the very late Zhou dynasty - they are local issues, and might belong either to the late "Warring States" period or the early Qin period.

31mm, 3.52 grams. Hartill #7.4.
Belisarius
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa27 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold plating (!), both features really buffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
tiberius_denarius_res_trib.jpg
"Tribute Penny"--TIBERIUS95 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
normal_tiberius_denarius_res_trib~0.jpg
(00040a) LIVIA (with Tiberius)34 views(wife of Augustus; mother of Tiberius; grandmother of Claudius)
b. 58 BC - d. 29 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
laney
antonia.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA55 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
antoniadx.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA5 viewsANTONIA
(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
faustina_diana_sester.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II16 views(wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus)
176-180 AD.
AE Sestertius, 31 mm 23.30 g
O: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
R: DIANA LVCIF S-C, Diana standing right with long torch. RIC 1628.
ROME
laney
faustina_ii.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II31 views(wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus)
Faustina II
AE Sestertius, 31 mm 23.30 g
176-180 AD.
O: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
R: DIANA LVCIF S-C, Diana standing right with long torch. RIC 1628.
ROME
laney
normal_faustina_ii_b3xx.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II11 views(wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus)
Faustina II
176-180 AD.
AE Sestertius, 31 mm 23.30 g
O: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
R: DIANA LVCIF S-C, Diana standing right with long torch. RIC 1628.
ROME
laney
commodus_demeter_philippop.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS9 views177-192 AD
AE 19 mm, 4.20 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus right
R: ΦIΛIΠΠOΠO-ΛEITΩN; Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and long torch
Thrace, Philippopolis; BMC 21
laney
commodus.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS8 views177-192 AD
AE 18 mm, 3.3 g
O: [ ] C KOMODO Laureate head r.
R: [ ] PROC ICTRON Homonoia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos(?), standing left with cornucopia and holding patera over burning altar
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; Varbanov (engl.) 2166c, Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2018) No. 8.10.36.1, not in AMNGb
(RPC lists this as 10522, incorrectly identifying rev. as Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia)
laney
commodus_crescent.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS -- MESOPOTAMIA, CARRHAE77 views177 - 192 AD
AE 22 mm 6.64 g
O: AVT K MANTWK[?]OCCEE (legend counterclockwise)
Commodus, Bust R
R: AVPHΛIΩN KAPPHN ΦIΛΩPΩM [AIΩN…]
Crescent, fillets tied in bows below
(no longer in collection)
UNRECORDED
laney
commodus_dionysopolis_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--DIONYSOPOLIS21 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca 184-190 AD
AE 22mm; 5.54 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Μ ΑΥΡΗ ΚΟΜΟΔΟС laureate head of Commodus, r.
R: ΔΙΟΝΥСΟΠΟΛƐΙΤΩΝ veiled Demeter standing, l., holding two ears of corn and long torch, Γ in l. field
Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis
ref. AMNG 374; RPC 4 4311 (temp)
laney
crispina_1.jpg
(0177) CRISPINA24 views(wife of Commodus)
177 - 182 AD
AE 24 mm 9.4 g
O: CRISPINA AVGVSTA
BUST R
R: HILARITAS S-C
HILARITAS STANDING L HOLDING LONG PALM AND CORNUCOPIA
laney
crispina~0.jpg
(0177) CRISPINA12 views(wife of Commodus)
177 - 182 AD
AE As 24 mm 9.4 g
O: CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
R: HILARTAS S-C, Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm and cornucopiae. RIC 678; Cohen 20; BMC 428
Rome
laney
jul_domna_odessa_b.jpg
(0193) JULIA DOMNA24 views(wife of Septimius Severus; mother of emperors Geta and Caracalla)
b. ca. 170, d. 217
struck ca. 193 - 211
AE 21.5 mm 5.16 g
IOVLIA DOMNA C, draped bust right
ODHCEITWN, Demeter, standing right, holding long torch
facing Persephone, standing left, holding two corn ears and torch.
Thrace, Odessos; Varbanov 4358; AMNG 2272.
laney
sept_sev_homon_mar.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS20 views193-211 AD
AE 26.8 mm; 9.62 g
struck under governor Flavius Ulpianus
O: AV KL CEPT - CEVHROC Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: V FL OVLPIANOV - MARKI[ANOP]OLITWN Homonoia, in long garment, standing left., holding cornucopiae and and patera
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; ref. a) AMNG I/1, 580; Varbanov (engl.) 834; Hristova/Jekov (2013) No.6.14.36.17
d.s.
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septimius_artemis_philippop_a.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS22 views193 - 211 AD
AE 17 mm, 3.68 g
O: Laureate bust of Septimius Severus right
R: Draped bust of Artemis* right
*(according to Moushmov, the reverse bust belongs to Julia Domna, but most likely a diety—probably Artemis—is depicted)
d.s.
Thrace, Philippopolis; Varbanov III 1378
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septimius_nikop_homonoia_b.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS12 views193-211 AD
AE 17.9 mm, 2.89 g
O: AV KAI CE - CEVHROC laureate head right
R: NIKOPOLI - T PROC TRO Homonoia in long garment and mantle, wearing kalathos, standing left holding cornucopiae in left arm and pateran in outstretched right hand
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum; cf AMNG I/1, 1397 var; Varbanov (engl.) 2386; Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2015) No. 8.14.36.13
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domna_felix_b.jpg
(0194) JULIA DOMNA16 views(wife of Septimius Severus)
194-217 AD
Fouree denarius, 19.5 mm, 3.74 g
O:IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right, hair in chignon in back
R: FEL—IC—ITAS, veiled Felicitas standing half-left, holding caduceus and long scepter
(Mule--obverse of RIC 375, RSC 49; with reverse of RIC 551, RSC 47)
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col_nem_resxy.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS83 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 10 - 14 AD
AE Dupondius 26 mm, 12.91 g
O: IMP DIVI F P P, laureate heads of Agrippa wearing rostral crown left, and Augustus right, back-to-back;
R: COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm tree, wreath with long ties above, two palms fronds below
Nemausus mint; cf. RIC I 159, RPC I 525, SRCV 1731
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col_nem_3.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS23 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 10 - 14 AD
AE Dupondius 28 mm max, 11.87 g
O: IMP DIVI F P P, laureate heads of Agrippa wearing rostral crown left, and Augustus right, back-to-back;
R: COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm tree, wreath with long ties above, two palms fronds below
Nemausus mint; cf. RIC I 159, RPC I 525, SRCV 1731
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col_nem_aug_agr_res.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS37 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 10 - 14 AD
AE Dupondius 27 mm, 12.5 g
O: IMP DIVI F P P, laureate heads of Agrippa wearing rostral crown left, and Augustus right, back-to-back;
R: COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm tree, wreath with long ties above, two palms fronds below
Nemausus mint; cf. RIC I 159, RPC I 525, SRCV 1731
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didumen_homonoia_stat_long.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN30 views217 - 218 AD
AE 25 mm; 12.22 g
Magistrate Statius Longinus
O: K M OPEL ANTWNI DIADOUMENIANOC, bare-headed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: VP CTATIOV LONGINOU NIKOPOLITWN, PR-OC across fields, ICTRW in ex, Homonoia standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Nikopolis ad Istrum.
d.s.
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macrinus_niko_b.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS43 views217 - 218 AD
struck under governor Statius Longinus
AE 27.5 mm max; 11.52 g
O: AVT K M OPELLI CEV . MAKR[EINOC AVG] Laureate bust, right
R: VP CTATI LONGINO/V NIKOPOLITWN PR/O ICTRW Homonoia standing left, holding cornucopia and patera (phiale mesomphalos).
d.s.
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
ref. a) AMNG I/1, 1777 (2 ex., Berlin, München)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 3547 corr. (cites AMNG 1777 but writes LONGINOV)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013) No. 8.23.36.12
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macrinus_zeus_nicop_bx.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS32 views217 - 218 AD
AE 27 mm; 14.35 g
(struck under governor Statius Longinus)
O: Laureate head of Macrinus right
R: Zeus seated lleft holding long scepter and patera
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis
AMNG 1720-1723
d.s.
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sev_alex_deult.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER18 views222 - 235 AD
AE 23 mm, 7.42 g
O: [IMP C] M AVR [SEV A]LEXAND AVG, Bust draped and cuirassed, laureate, right
R: Demeter resting on a long torch, holding corn-ears (with poppy?)
Thrace, Deultum
cf. Varbanov II:(1) 2248 Demeter holding corn-ears (Jurukova 91) and (2) 2249 Demeter holding corn-ears with poppy.


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sev_alex_mamaea_hera.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA7 views222-235 AD
(under governor Tiberius Julius Festus)
AE 26 mm max, 7.34 g
O: Confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R: Hera standing head left holding patera and long scepter; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
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sev_alex_mam_demeter_markian.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER and JULIA MAMAEA27 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.64 g
O: Confronting busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R:Draped figure of Demeter standing left, holding ears of corn and long torch, E to right.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Moushmov 739
d.s.
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gordian_tranq_demeter.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)17 views238 - 244 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 11.44 g
O: AYT K M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ CAB / TRANKVΛΛINA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. (confronted busts)
R: OYLΠIANΩN AΓXIALEΩN. Demeter standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and long torch.
THRACE. Anchialus; cf Varbanov 682 - 684
d.s.
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salonina_venus_a_res.jpg
(0253) SALONINA48 views(wife of Gallienus; mother of emperors Valerian II and Saloninus) 253 - 268 AD
struck 287 AD
Billon antoninianus 20.5 mm 3.57 g
Obverse: SALONINA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right, on crescent, hair weaved in rows with long plait up the back of head, under stephane.
Reverse: VENVS AVG, Venus standing left, holding helmet and spear, one arm resting on shield.
PXV in exe
Antioch
Unlisted in Sear, Van Meter #45, RSC #113, RIC 86.
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claudius_ii_aequitas_a.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II (GOTHICUS)40 views268 - 270 AD
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG; Radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: AEQVITAS AVG: Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopiae
ROME
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sever.jpg
(0270) SEVERINA26 views(wife of Aurelian)
270 - 275 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 X 24 mm, 3.97 g
O: SEVERI_NAE AVG Diademed draped bust right, on crescent, hair brushed back in straight lines and carried in long loop to front, then tucked under diadem
R: CONCOR_DIAE MILITVM Concordia standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; Q in right field, XXI in exe
Antioch in Pisidia
RIC V, Part I, 13.
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tetricas_hilar_b.jpg
(0271) TETRICUS I27 views271 - 274 AD
struck 273-4 AD.
AE 19 mm, 2.55 g
O: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right
R: HILARITAS AVGG, Hilaritas standing left, holding long branch and cornucopiae.
RIC 80
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TACITUS.jpg
(0275) TACITUS31 views275 - 276 AD
AE SILVERED ANT. 23 mm 4.00 g
O: IMP C M C L TACITVS AVG
RAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: CLEMENTIA TEMP
TACITUS L HOLDING SCIPIO RECRIVING GLOBE FROM JUPITER WHO HOLDS LONG SCEPTER, * IN CENTER FIELD
KA IN EXE
TRIPOLIS RIC 213
(nearly full silvering)
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tiberius_denarius_res_c.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS63 views14 - 37 AD
minted 18 - 35 AD
AR Denarius ("Tribute Penny")
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS; laureate head right
R: PONTIF MAXIM; Livia as Pax, seated right on throne with ornate legs, holding long scepter and olive branch; single line below
Lugdunum mint
RIC 30, RSC 16a
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theod_gloria.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I19 views379 - 395 AD
AE 21 mm' 4.15 g
O: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing holding long scepter in right and globe in left
Heraclea mint
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claudius_ceres_res2.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS35 views41 - 54 AD
AE Dupondius 28.5 mm 11.63 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP Bare head left
R: [CERES AVGVSTA / S]C Ceres seated left, holding grain-ears and long torch
Rome RIC I 94
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claudius_constantia_2.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS10 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
AE As 28 mm; 8.62 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constantia_3.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS15 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
AE As 25.5 mm, 9.91 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constantia.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS21 viewsCLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)
41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 26 mm, 9.21 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_const_4_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)30 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 26 mm, 11.57 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claud_constan_9res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)18 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 28 mm, 12.24 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constant_8res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)20 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 26 mm, 8.95 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constan_7res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)18 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 26 mm, 10.58 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constan_6_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)19 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 30 mm, 10.64 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_const_5_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)26 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 27.5 mm, 10.4 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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claudius_constan_y_res.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (CONSTANTIA)20 views41 - 54 AD
Struck circa 41-50 AD
Ć As 27 mm, 13.46 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
R: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand.
Rome mint; RIC 95
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half_follis_4.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I40 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis 24 mm 7.30 g
O: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: Large K; long cross at left;officina mark to right; stars above and below.
Constantinople
Sear 164
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half_follis_2_7.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I38 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis 20.5 mm 7.20 g
O: [DN IV]STINIANVS PP AVG. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: Large K; long cross at left;officina mark to right; stars above and below.
Constantinople
Sear 164
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half_follis_1_7.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I39 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis 26 mm 7.25 g
O: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: Large K; long cross at left;officina mark to right; stars above and below.
Constantinople
Sear 164
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justinian_k_blk.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I11 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis 24 mm 7.30 g
O: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: Large K; long cross at left;officina mark to right; stars above and below.
Constantinople
Sear 164
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justinian_half_follis_8.jpg
(0527)JUSTINIAN I26 views527 - 565 AD
AE Half Follis 23.5 mm 7.16 g
O: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: Long cross dividing N/I to left OF LARGE K, B TO RIGHT
SEAR SB 202, Nicomedia
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nero_hekate_b.jpg
(06) NERO16 views54-68 AD
AE 16.5 mm; 3.88 g
O:Draped bust right.
R: Hekate standing facing, wearing polos and holding long torch in each hand.
Lydia, Philadelphia; RPC 3041.
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heraclius_and_heraclius_constantine.jpg
(0610) HERACLIUS34 views610 - 641 AD
AE FOLLIS 25X30 mm 9.78 g
O: Heraclius on left holding long cross, and Heraclius Constantine on right holding globus cruciger, standing facing; cross between
R: Large M between ANNO and regnal year; CON in exe.
CONSTINOPLE
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constans_ii_b.jpg
(0641) CONSTANS II23 views641 - 668 AD
AE Follis 19.5 mm max. 3.63 g
O: CONSTANS STANDING FACING HOLDING LONG CROSS AND GLOBUS CRUCIGER
R: LARGE M
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constans_ii_a.jpg
(0641) CONSTANS II24 views641 - 668 AD
AE Follis 17.5 mm max. 2.88 g
O: CONSTANS STANDING FACING HOLDING LONG CROSS AND GLOBUS CRUCIGER
R: LARGE M
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constans_ii_follis_blk.jpg
(0641) CONSTANS II16 views641 - 668 AD
AE Follis 20 mm max, 3.12 g
O: Constans II standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger
R: ANA to left of large M, NEOS to right; cross above M; uncertain officina (A or D) below; Roman numerals in exe.
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otho_denar_2rs.jpg
(08) OTHO70 views69 AD
AR Denarius 3.1 g
O: IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right.
R: SECVRITAS P R, Securitas standing left, holding wreath in extended right hand and cradling long sceptre in left arm.
Rome, RIC 8
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vitellius_libertas_denarius.jpg
(09) VITELLIUS9 views69 AD
AR Denarius 17 mm, 3.00 g
O: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right
R: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and long staff.
Rome; RIC 105; RSC 47
ex. Roma Numismatics auction
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titus_domitian_aegae_b.jpg
(10) VESPASIAN (Titus and Domitian as Caesars)24 views69 - 79 AD
Reign of Vespasian
AE 19.5 mm; 3.05 g
O: laureate bust of Titus on left, confronted with bare-headed, draped bust of Domitian;
R: Apollo standing right wearing long chiton, taenia in right, laurel branch in left
Aegae, Aeolis. RPC II 968; BMC Aeolis p. 98, 22; SNG Cop 25. scarce;
d.s.
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P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.156 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.67 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
2Pdwc7jEspK64DozHPy5Q3RmZFg8a9.jpg
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 811]10 viewsHeraclius 610-641 AD
AE Follis (4.71 gm ; 22 mm)
Constantinople Mint
Obv: No Legend. Heraclius (center)� in military dress with long beard and mustache, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, all standing facing.
Rev: Large M between ANNO and numeric regnal year,� B (officina 2)� below; CONE in exergue
Ségusiaves
072~0.JPG
(610-641) Heraclius [Sear 871]8 viewsAR Half Siliqua, 0.70 gm. Carthage mint. Struck 617-641 AD. Crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust of Heraclius right / no legend, facing busts of Heraclius Constantine on left, wearing crown and chlamys, and Martina on right, wearing crown with long pendilia, and robes; cross between their heads, sometimes with four dots between their shoulders. DOC 233; MIB 149; SB 871.Ségusiaves
Agrippa_2_RCV_1731.jpg
(Augustus &) Agrippa AE 'half dupondius,' A.D. 10-14 RIC 159-160, RCV 1731, Cohen 8, RPC 525 37 viewsIMP DIVI F P-P, back-to-back heads of Agrippa, in rostral crown, & Augustus, laureate / COL NEM, palm tree curving to left, crocodile right chained below, wreath to left of palm tip with long ties trailing to right. Gaul, Nemausus.
Maximum Diameter: 25.2 mm
Weight: 7.01 g

Cut in half for fractional change.
1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
IMITATIVE OTTOMAN.jpg
*IMITATION OTTOMAN Cedid Mahmudiye961 viewsThis piece came in a bag of modern Foreign coins - 21 pounds! May be gold inside!!!
The dating did not seem right to me! From the experts at Zeno, I found a similar issue..... This attribution from Zeno:
Imitation of gold cedid mahmudiye (KM, Turkey #645) with distorted inscriptions and fantasy regnal year 78. Made for jewelry purposes throughout the 19th and early 20th century, very likely outside Turkey: similar imitations are met in abundance in South Russia and Ukraine, along the shores of Black and Azov seas, where they were widely used for adorning Gypsy and native Greek women's garments.

So, as you see, it is not exactly a FAKE or a COUNTERFEIT - it is an IMITATION, so the makers could not get into trouble. The regnal years alone would show that the coin was not "real" -

An interesting piece that may turn up from time to time!
dpaul7
MarcusNysaMerge3a.jpg
*Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius. Regling, Nysa 86 37 viewsĆ23. Lydia, Nysa. Marcus Aurelius (Caesar AD 136–161; Emperor 161–180), laureate head to r., cuirassed bust with paludamentum, back to viewer. ΑΥ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΤΩΝΕΙΝΟC or "Imperator Caesar Antoninus" Rev., Zeus seated, holding patera and long scepter. ΕΠ ΓΡ ΑΣΙΑΤΙΚΟΥ Κ[ΟΡΝ] ΝΥΣΑ[ΕΩΝ]. Asiatikos Korn(eliou), grammateus. Regling, Nysa 86; RPC IV (temporary №) 1455. Ex Collegium Josephinum Bonn 1-9-2010.

Same dies as RPC IV specimen: http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/1455/

*Note: Made a slight adjustment to image for brightness, contrast, and intensity.
Mark Fox
57633q00.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsAntoninus Pius Copper As

Attribution: RIC III 860a, scarce
Date: AD 148-149
Obverse: AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head r.
Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, COS III, Felicitas stg facing, head l., long caduceus in r., grain(?) in l., S-C across field
Size: 28.8 mm
Weight: 9.75 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Licinius.jpg
*SOLD*17 viewsLicinius I Bronze follis

Attribution: RIC VI 60, Thessalonica
Date: AD 312-313
Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing half l., nude, Victory on globe in r., long scepter vertical in l., eagle with wreath in beak l., •TS•• in exergue
Size: 24.3 mm
Weight: 4.42 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Lysimachia.jpg
-Chersonesus Thraciae, Lysimachia. AE24 Artemis29 viewsLysimachia, the Thracian Chersonese.
Obv: Bust of young Herakles wearing lion skin
Rev: (ΛΥΣΙΜΑ) - ΧΕΩΝ Artemis r., clad in short chiton, holding with both hands two long torches; behind shoulder, top of bow and quiver.
BMC 2. Mushmov 5512
ancientone
Sabina.jpg
-Sabina Æ Sestertius.49 viewsSabina Ć Sestertius. 30mm, 28.2gm. AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, diademed and draped bust right, hair in long plait down neck / VESTA, SC in ex, Vesta seated left holding Palladium & scepter. Cohen 82. RIC 1036
ancientone
380Hadrian.jpg
0003 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Justitia.45 viewsReference. Rare.
RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883b.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Bare head, draped bust right.

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.52 gr
18 mm
6h
Note Curtis Clay.
Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna) = RSC 883b.

Vienna also has a similar denarius with bust laureate, draped r.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
0007.jpg
0007 - Denarius Julia Domna 198 AC26 viewsObv/IVLIA AVGVSTA, Julia Domna bust, draped, r.
Rev/HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing l., holding long palm and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.8mm, 3.67g
Mint: Laodicea ad Mare.
RIC IVa/639 [S] - RCV 6586 - Cohen 72 - BMCRE 277, 600 - RSC 72
ex-sjblencoe (ebay)
dafnis
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey73 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Check
ecoli
Sulla_denaroius_new.jpeg
001 Sulla AR Denarius17 viewsL.Sulla. 84-83 BC. AR Denarius
(3.34 g).
Obv: Diademed head of Venus right; cupid with long palm branch before
Rev: Capis and lituus between two trophies.
Cr359/2; Syd 761; Cornelia 30
Forum Ancient Coins Member auctions September 2017
orfew
2160368.jpg
001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony48 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Ć 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
ecoli
0021.jpg
0021 - Denarius Augustus 15-13 BC45 viewsObv/AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Augustus head, bare, r.
Rev/IMP X, Apollo Citharoedus in long drapery, standing l., r. holding plectrum, l. lyre, ACT in ex.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.46g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/171a [C] - RCV 1611 - BMCRE 416 - BMCRR Gaul 175 - RSC 144 - Calicó 828
ex-Meister & Sonntag, auction S2, lot 207
2 commentsdafnis
0025.jpg
0025 - Denarius Tiberius 14-37 AC37 viewsObv/TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, Tiberius laureate head r.
Rev/PONTIF MAXIM, female figure (Livia or Pax) seated r., r. holding long vertical sceptre, l. branch, on chair with plain legs above double line.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.70g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/26 [C] - RCV 1763 - BMCRE 34 - CBN 16 - RSC 16
ex-Áureo, auction 25 apr 2007, lot 1019
1 commentsdafnis
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.81 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
coin289.JPG
002b. Livia47 viewsLivia, as history most often knows her, was the wife of Augustus for over fifty years, from 38 BC until his death in AD 14 , an astonishingly long time in view of life expectancy in ancient Rome. Although certainty about their inner lives and proof for what we would consider a loving relationship is necessarily lost to us, we can infer genuine loyalty and mutual respect between the two. They remained married despite the fact that she bore him no child. Livia's position as first lady of the imperial household, her own family connections, her confident personality and her private wealth allowed her to exercise power both through Augustus and on her own, during his lifetime and afterward. All the Julio-Claudian emperors were her direct descendants: Tiberius was her son; Gaius (Caligula), her great-grandson; Claudius, her grandson; Nero, her great-great-grandson.

Tiberius and Livia- Thessalonica, Macedonia/Size: 22.5mm/Reference: RPC 1567
Obverse: TI KAISAR SEBASTOS, bare head of Tiberius right Reverse: QESSALONIKEWN SEBASTOU, draped bust of Livia right.

Ex-Imperial Coins
ecoli
141149.jpg
002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars64 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Ć 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
ecoli
Domitian.jpg
003 - Domitian (as Caesar under Titus 79-81 AD), Dupondius - RIC 165a52 viewsObv: CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMITIAN COS VII, laureated head right.
Rev: CERES AVGVST S - C, Ceres standing left, holding corn-ears and long torch.
Minted in Rome 80-81 AD.
pierre_p77
004.jpg
003 TIBERIUS 13 viewsEMPEROR:Tiberius
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right
REVERSE: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, holding long sceptre & olive branch, seated right on throne with ornate legs, single line below
DATE: Ad 14-37
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.59 g
RIC: I.30 (C)
Barnaba6
coin222.JPG
003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)66 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ćlius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
ecoli
0035.jpg
0035 - Denarius Cassius 63 BC66 viewsObv/Head of Vesta l. wearing veil and diadem; on l. dish, on l. control letter.
Rev/Voter l., dropping tablet marked V into cista; on r., LONGIN III V.

Ag, 22.1mm, 3.89g
Moneyer: L.Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 413/1 [dies o/r: 94/104] - BMCRR Rome 3931 - RSC Cassia 10 - Syd. 935.
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 156
3 commentsdafnis
0036.jpg
0036 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC73 viewsObv/Head of Genius Populi Romani r. with sceptre over shoulder.
Rev/Eagle on thunderbolt r., on l. lituus, on r. jug, below Q CASSIVS.

Ag, 19.4mm, 3.59g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/3 [dies o/r: 126/140] - BMCRR Rome 3868 - RSC Cassia 7 - Syd. 916
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 162
1 commentsdafnis
coin189.JPG
003b. Nero & Drusus Caesars32 viewsNero & Drusus Caesars, brothers of Caligula.

There father Germanicus was Heir Apparent to his own adoptive father Emperor Tiberius, but Germanicus predeceased the Emperor in 19. He was replaced as heir by Julius Caesar Drusus, son of Tiberius and his first wife Vipsania Agrippina. But he too predeceased the Emperor on July 1, 23.

Nero and his younger brother Drusus were the oldest adoptive grandsons of Tiberius. They jointly became Heirs Apparent. However, both were accused of treason along with their mother in AD 32. Nero was exiled to an island and Drusus in a prison where they either starved to death or was murdered by order of the emperor in AD 33.

Dupondius. Rome mint, struck under Caligula, 37-38 AD. NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES, Nero & Drusus on horseback riding right / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large S C.
Cohen 1. RIC 34

Check
ecoli
Caligula_RIC_16.jpg
004 Gaius (Caligula) AR Denarius66 viewsSH86638. Silver denarius, RIC I 16 (R2, Rome), RSC I 2, Lyon 167, BnF II 21, BMCRE I 17, cf. SRCV I 1807 (aureus), VF, toned, attractive portraits, bumps and marks, some pitting, lamination defects, ex jewelry, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, weight 3.443g, maximum diameter 18.2mm, die axis 180o, 2nd emission, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate head of Caligula right; reverse DIVVS AVG PATER PATRIAE (counterclockwise from lower right), radiate head of Divus Augustus right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 69 (23 July 2003), lot 90
Ex: Forum Ancient coins, March 2, 2018.


This is my second denarius of Gaius. I was extremely happy to get this one. I know the surfaces are a bit rough, but it is still a VF example of a rare coin. Denarii of Caligula do not show up for sale very often outside of large auction houses. When they do appear they are often very expensive. I waited for about 2 1/2 years for a coin like this to show up. As soon as it did I bought it.

I want to share a quick word about where I bought this coin. It was a purchase from Forum Ancient Coins. Coins are guaranteed authentic for eternity, and the service is second to none. Forum is also an incredible source of information concerning ancient coins. If you have a question about ancient coins, chances are that question has been asked and answered on Forum Ancient Coins. Many experts frequent this site and they are always willing to share their expertise.

Anyone trying to assemble a set of the 12 Caesars in silver will need to find a denarius of Gaius. His is one of the most difficult to add along with denarii of Claudius and Otho. It has also been suggested by some that it is the fault of 12 Caesars collectors that drives the prices so high. While true that there is a lot of competition for these coins when they appear, it is also true that there are alternatives to the denarii of Gaius. One popular choice is the Vesta As. These are quite common and can be had in nice condition for reasonable prices.

On the obverse we have the typical portrait of Gaius, while on the reverse we see a portrait of his great grandfather Augustus. Augustus is depicted as a Divus or god. The reverse legend "Pater Patriae" refers to Augustus as the father of the country. One reason Augustus was on the reverse was to remind the people of Rome of their emperor's connection to the Julio-Claudian ruling dynasty.

Why are denarii of Gaius so scarce? One explanation is has to do with Gresham's law or bad money drives out good money. The theory is that the monetary reforms of Nero, which debased to coinage in both weight and fineness, caused people to hoard the older more valuable coins of emperors like Caligula and Claudius. The problem with this explanation is that there are plenty of "tribute penny" denarii of Tiberius. The other possibility is that perhaps smaller numbers of Gaius' denarii were originally minted. Maybe there was already enough silver coinage circulating and therefore fewer were needed. Whatever the real reason, we are unlikely to ever get a satisfactory answer.
5 commentsorfew
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004 Tiberius. AR denarius 3.7gm65 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS laur. head r.
rev: PONTIF MAXIM female fig. seated r. holding long vertical scepter.
l. branches, chair legs are ornamental with line below
4 commentshill132
1_My_Titus.jpg
004.Titus 79-81 AD43 viewsAR Denarius
Mint: Rome, Date: 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM,Laureate head of Titus right.
Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, Two captives seated left and right, back to back, between them, trophy composed of cuirass, helmet, and oblong shields,the captive on left is a woman, draped, hooded, and rests head on right hand; the captive on right is a man, naked,and has his hands bound behind his back.
Ref: RIC II-102
Possible Judea Capta type,Hendin-778;Meshorer TJC,Supplement 5,Type I
2 commentsBrian L
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005. CLAUDIUS 41 AD - 54 AD52 viewsCLAUDIUS. 41-54 AD.

I, Claudius was a very sympathetic treatment of Claudius; nevertheless, along with Claudius the God, those books hold a special place in my library. Without those books, I would not have taken an interest in the classics in high school, and subsequently, ancient coins. Certainly Claudius was not a saint; nor good as we define a person now; but given the circumstances and the unlimited power he weld, few of us could have done it better.

Ć As (9.50 gm). Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus. RIC I 113; BMCRE 202; Cohen 47. Ex-CNG
1 commentsecoli
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005a. Antonia35 viewsAntonia

she exposed a plot between her daughter Livilla and Sejanus, Tiberius's Praetorian Prefect. This led to Sejanus's downfall and to the death of Livilla. Claudius, her biggest disappointment (she once called him a "monster") was the only one of her children to survive her.

She committed suicide in 37 AD on Caligula's orders after expressing unhappiness over the murder of her youngest grandson, Tiberius Gemellus. There is a passage in Suetonius's "Life of Gaius" that mentions how Caligula may have given her poison himself. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives.

Ć Dupondius (10.61 gm). Struck by Claudius. Draped bust right / Claudius standing left, holding simpulum. RIC I 92 (Claudius); BMCRE 166 (same); Cohen 6. Ex-CNG

Check
ecoli
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006a. Nero / Poppaea31 viewsAlexandria, Egypt: Nero / Poppaea

Poppaea was married first to Rufrius Crispinus, then to the future (brief) emperor Otho. When Poppaea became mistress of the emperor Nero, Otho's friend, Nero appointed Otho to an important post as governor of Lusitai. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta. Poppaea and Nero had a daughter, Claudia, who did not live long. Poppaea urged Nero to kill his mother, Agrippina the Younger, and to divorce and later murder his first wife, Octavia. She is also reported to have persuaded Nero to kill the philosopher Seneca, who had supported Nero's previous mistress, Acte Claudia. Nero supposedly kicked her when she was pregnant in 65 C.E. and she died.

Billon tetradrachm, AD 54-68 (year 10 = AD 64) . 11.79gm, 24mm. Radiate head of Nero right / Bust of Poppaea right. Emmett 128 (10); Milne 218. F+ with some corrosion on reverse. Purchased from C. & L. Deland in 1973.
ecoli
Trajan_denar2.jpg
009 - Trajan (98-117 AD), denarius - RIC 9857 viewsObv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate bust draped on left shoulder.
Rev: COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC around and DAC CAP in exe, dacian seated left on pile of arms, mourning. Around him two curved swords, two spears and an oblong shield.
Minted in Rome [date?]
2 commentspierre_p77
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01 - Trajan AR Denarius - PRO VID across field. 'Heroic Bust'99 viewsEmperor Trajan ( 98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO - Laureate bust right, seen from the front. Slight drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR - Providentia standing holding long sceptre and holding hand over globe. PRO-VID across field

Weight: 3.08 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
Vesp_141_savoca.jpg
010 Vespasian AR Denarius42 viewsRoman Empire, Vespasian 69-79, Denarius, 3.24g:
Obv: Laureate head of Vespasian right "IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TRPPP" Rev: "AVG" within an wreath, Phi-Alpha monogram above ties. "AVG" in the center.
RIC 1414.
Ephesos mint, Some roughness on the reverse.
Ex Savoca Auction #9, lot 533 8/21/16
Lot 152 Aegean Nuismatics Agora Auctions July 20. 2017.




Yes, this is yet another denarius of Vespasian. I like his coins for the variety they offer. There are many interesting reverses on his coinage. this one has an exceptional portrait. You might notice a difference in the portrait style of the denarius when compared to other denarii of Vespasian. This coin was minted in Ephesus. Apparently, the engravers that worked in that mint included some masters of the art. Compare the portrait style to the Rome mint denarii in this gallery.

The other interesting thing abut this coin is the reverse. It only has very simple design elements, the wreath and the title AVG forAugustus. Yet there is a real elegance to this reverse for all of its simplicity. There are other Vespasian denarii with this reverse, but my example is one of the rare examples.

As long as there are interesting and artistic example such as this one, I will continue to add Vespasian's denarii to my collection.
4 commentsorfew
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011a. Julia Titi56 viewsJulia Flavia (17 September 64 - 91) was the only child to the Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Titus divorced Furnilla after Julia's birth. Julia was born in Rome.

When growing up, Titus offered her in marriage to his brother Domitian, but he refused because of his infatuation with Domitia Longina. Later she married her second cousin Titus Flavius Sabinus, brother to consul Titus Flavius Clemens, who married her first cousin Flavia Domitilla. By then Domitian had seduced her.

When her father and husband died, she became Emperor Domitian’s mistress. He openly showed his love. Falling pregnant, Julia died of a forced abortion. Julia was deified and her ashes her mixed with Domitian by an old nurse secretly in the Temple of the Flavians.

AEOLIS, Temnus. Julia Titi. Augusta, AD 79-91. Ć 16mm (2.18 gm). Draped bust right / EPI AGNOU THMNIT, Athena standing left, holding palladium and scepter, shield resting on ground. RPC II 981. Near VF, dark green patina, small flan crack. Ex-CNG

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 875; Marcel Burstein Collection.
ecoli
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012 - Numerian (283-284 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 46641 viewsObv: IMP C M NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS AVGG, Numerian standing right, recieving Victory on globe from Mars, standing left, holding long spear.
Minted in Antioch (gamma in field, XXI in exe), officina 3, 283-284 AD.
1 commentspierre_p77
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0125 - Antoninianus Carausius 287 AC9 viewsObv/ IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG, radiated and draped bust of C. r.
Rev/ PAX AVG, Pax standing l., holding branch and long sceptre.

AE, 21.5 mm, 2.66 g
Mint: Londinium
RIC V.2/880 [C]
ex-J.B. González Redondo (denarios.org), jul 2011
dafnis
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0128 - Denarius Severina 270-5 AC10 viewsObv/ SEVERINA AVG, draped bust of S. r., wearing diadem.
Rev/ VENV(S) FELIX, Venus standing l., holding seated figure (Cupid?) and long scepter.

AE, 19.5 mm, 2.63 g
Mint: Roma (5th officina).
RIC V.1/6 [C]
ex-J.B. González Redondo (denarios.org), jul 2011
dafnis
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012a. Domitia101 viewsDomitia, wife of Domitian. Augusta, 82-96 AD.

In 70, Domitia was married to Lucius Aelius Lamia, but she attracted the attention of Domitian, son of emperor Vespasian. Shortly afterwards she was taken from her husband and remarried with the future emperor. They had a son in the next year and a daughter in 74, both died young. Domitian was very fond of his wife and carried her in all his travels. In 83, Domitia Longina's affair with the actor Paris was disclosed. Paris was executed and Domitia received her letter of divorce from Domitian. She was exiled, but remained close to Roman politics and to Domitian.

CILICIA, Epiphanea. Ć 21mm (7.18 gm). Dated year 151 (83/84 AD). Draped bust right / Athena standing left, righ hand extended, left resting on shield; ANP (date) left. RPC I 1786; SNG Levante 1813; SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, dark green patina, some smoothing. Very rare, only 1 specimen (the Levante specimen), recorded in RPC. Ex-CNG
ecoli73
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013a Caligula. AE AS 11.3gm49 viewsobv: C AESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT bare head l.
rev: VESTA/SC Vesta veiled and drp., seated l. on ornamental throne,
holding petera l. long scepter
hill132
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013b Caligula. AE AS 10.86gm38 viewsobv: C CAESAR AVG GERMANCVS PON M TR POT bare head l.
rev: VESTA/SC vesta veiled and drp. seated l. on ornamental throne,
holding patera, l. long sceptre
1 commentshill132
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015 - Claudius Ae AS - Barbarous27 viewsAe AS
Obv:– TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left
Rev:– CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C, Constantia, helmeted and in military dress, standing left, holding long spear in left hand
Minted in Rome. A.D. 41-50
Reference:- RIC 95, Cohen 14, BMC 140

The style looks a little crude and the legends lack uniformity though are quite legible. It is also light, weighing in at only 7.85 gms. The die orientation is 180 degrees.

Would appear to be an ancient imitation.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
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017. Marcus Antonius.77 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
0171.jpg
0171 - Denarius Julia Soaemias16 viewsObv/ IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia Soaemias r.
Rev/IVNO REGINA. Juno, veiled, standing r., holding long scepter in l.h. and palladium on extended r.h.

Ag, 19.1mm, 3.61g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IV.II/237 [C] - BMCRE V/42 - Cohen 3
ex-Auctiones, e-auction 11, lot #75
dafnis
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0172 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC34 viewsObv/Head of Liberty r., LIBERT behind, Q CASSIVS before.
Rev/Curule chair within temple of Vesta; to l., urn; to r., voting tablet inscribed AC.

Ag, 18.1mm, 4.02g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/2 [dies o/r: 60/67] - Syd. 918 - RSC Cassia 8
ex-Valencia Coin Market, Dec 2012
1 commentsdafnis
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0175 - Denarius Mussidia 42 BC41 viewsObv/Head of Concordia r.; behind CONCORDIA.
Rev/Shrine of Venus Cloacina, inscribed CLOACIN; L MVSSIDIVS LON(GVS) around.

Ag, 16.2mm, 4.46g
Moneyer: L. Mussidius Longus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 494/42 [dies o/r: 87/97 (all var.)] - RSC Mussidia 6 - Syd. 1093 - Sear Imp. 188
ex-VAuctions 303, lot 388 (ex-Ivar Gault colln., CNG e-auction 271, lot 397)
3 commentsdafnis
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0177 - Denarius Julia Soaemias 218-22 AC18 viewsObv/ IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, togate bust of J.S. r.
Rev/ VENUS CAELESTIS, Venus togate, standing l., holding apple and long scepter; star on field r.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 3.24 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/45 - RIC IV.2/241 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 636
dafnis
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0191 - Denarius Nero 60-61 AC48 viewsObv/NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head of Nero r.
Rev/PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS III PP, Ceres standing l. holding two ears of grain and long torch; EX SC in field.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.38g
Mint: Rome
RIC I/24 [R3] - BMCRE I/35
ex-Silbury Coins, art.# LR638
1 commentsdafnis
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.61 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Bela-IV__U-222_C1-234_H-299_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_3h_12,3mm_0,58ga-s.jpg
022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #0185 views022. H-299 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-299, CNH I.-234, U-222, AR-Denar, #01
avers: Emperor facing, draped with Crown, long hair, line border.
reverse: Cross and circle within R, B-E-L-A, line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,3 mm, weight: 0,58g, axis: 3h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-299, CNH I.-234, Unger-222,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
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023. Julia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus. AR Denarius.31 viewsAR Denarius. Eastern mint.

Obv. Draped bust right IVLIA MAESA AVG

Rev. Felicitas standing left holding long caduceus and sacrificing over altar SEACVLI FELCITAS, star in right field.

RIC271. CHEF, lustrous, weak strike, nicer than scan. Highest hair points on the obverse have lustre ruling out wear.


LordBest
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Ć Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
Tiberius_RIC_I_4.jpg
03 01 Tiberius RIC 454 viewsTiberius 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum Mint, 15-16 A.D. (3.74g, 17.6mm, 6h). Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: [TR POT X]VII. IMP [VII] in exergue, Tiberius, laur. And cloaked, stg. In slow Quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle tipped scepter. RIC I 4 (R2), BMC 7, RSC 48.

For an emperor with relatively long reign, Tiberius’ silver coinage was remarkably unvaried with the ubiquitous “tribute penny” making up the bulk of his denarii. This is a decent example of, perhaps, the second most common silver coin. Although the reverse legends are largely off the flan, the obverse has a decent portrait and legend.
2 commentsLucas H
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03 04 Tiberius RPC I 362044 viewsTiberius, 14-37 A.D. AR Drachm. Caesarea-Eusebia Mint. (3.61 g, 19.8m, 0) Obv: TIBEPIOS KAISAP SEABASTOS, Laureate head right. Rev: QEOY SEBASTOY YIOS, Mount Argaeus surmounted by a statute of Helios holding orb in right and long scepter verticle in left. Ex Forvm. 1 commentsLucas H
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031 Hadrian Denarius 124-128 AD Nemesis-Victory standing Eastern Mint36 viewsReference.
Helios 8, lot 436; RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. (for rome mint RIC II 182)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate bust right, with slight drapery.

Rev. COS III
Nemesis-Victory standing right, crowning herself and holding long palm in other hand.

3.12 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
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0345 Justin II, 565-57877 viewsAV solidus, 20.8mm, 4.4g, aVF
Struck at Constantinople
DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory, and shield / VICTORI-A AVCCC H, angel standing facing, holding long staff and globus cruciger; star in right field, CONOB in exg
Sear 345
Private sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
Faustina-sen-Ag-Den_DIVA-FAVSTINA_AVGV-STA_RIC-III-AP-360_C-078_Rome_141-AD_Q-001-axis-6h_17,5mm_2,80g-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0360 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres, 142 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0360 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTA, Ceres,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- AVGV-STA, Ceres, veiled, standing left, holding two wheat ears and long lighted torch.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 2,80g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-360 (Antoninus Pius)-p70 , C-78.
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina_sen_Ag-Den_DIVA-FAV-STINA_CE-RES_RIC-III-AP-379_RSC-141_Rome_141-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0379 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CERES, Ceres, veiled, seated left,65 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0379 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, CERES, Ceres, veiled, seated left,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- CE-RES, Ceres, veiled, seated left, holding two ears of corn and long lighted torch.
exerg: -/-//-- , diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: After 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-379 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-141,
Q-001
quadrans
Faustina_sen_AE-Dup-or-As_DIVA-FAV-STINA_AVGV-STA_S-C_RIC-III-AP-1169b_C-80_Rome_after-141-AD_Q-001_5h_26-26,5mm_12,44ga-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 1169b (A.Pius), Rome, AE-dupondius, AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, Scarce !181 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 1169b (A.Pius), Rome, AE-dupondius, AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, Scarce !
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAV-STINA, Draped and veiled bust right.
revers:- AVGV-STA,Ceres standing left, holding corn ears and transverse long torch, S-C across the field.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 26-26,5mm, weight: 12,44g, axis:5 h,
mint: Rome, date: after 141 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1169b (Antoninus Pius)-p-167, C-80, Scarce !,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
CalI38.jpg
037-041 AD - Caligula - RIC I 38 - Vesta Reverse47 viewsEmperor: Caligula (r. 37-41 AD)
Date: 37-38 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT
Consul Caesar Augustus Germanicus Chief Priest Tribune
Bare head left

Reverse: VESTA (above)
The Emperor looks after the state.
S - C to left and right
Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, right holding patera, left long transverse sceptre.

Rome mint
RIC I Caligula 38; VM 9
5.61g; 26.0mm; 180°
Pep
magniaurbica.jpg
040. Magnia Urbica56 viewsMagnia Urbica. AE Antoninianus. Lugdunum mint.

Obv. Draped and diademed bust right on crescent MAGNIA VRBICA AVG.

Rev. Venus Genetrix standing left holding gapple and sceptre, shield at feet VENVS GENETRIX, D in left field.

RIC V pt. 2, 337.gVF, R2.

A coin ive been looking for for a long time, Magnia Urbica has by far the finest portraits of any post-Severan empress
LordBest
011~1.JPG
041 Germanicus14 viewsGermanicus, Caesar
Died 10 Oct 19 A.D.

Ć As struck under Claudius. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around S-C

Fair, 8.138g, 27.4mm, 180*, Rome min, 42 A.D., S 1905, RIC 106, BMC 215 ex Forvm ex Bill D.

"Germanicus inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes in Germania and recovered the legionary standards lost by Varus. He was to be Tiberius' successor, but died of and unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caligula ontain the throne after Tiberius died."

-----

"Such virtuous conduct brought Germanicus rich rewards. He was so deeply respected and loved by all his kindred that Augustus - I need hardly mention his other relatives - wondered for a long time wether to make him his successor, but at last ordered Tiberius to adopt him."
Randygeki(h2)
041_Commodus_(177-192_A_D_)_AE-17_Nikopolis_AV-OM-AV-KOMODOC_NEIKOPOLI-PROC-EICT-O_Nikopolis_HHJ-8_10_38_--_Q-001_2h_17,5-18,5mm_2,49gx-s~0.jpg
041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.38.??, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC EICT O, Tyche standing left,92 views041bp Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.10.38.??, AE-18, NEIKOΠOΛI ΠPOC EICT O, Tyche standing left,
avers:- AV-OM-AV-KOMOΔOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- NEIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-EICT-O, Tyche standing left, holding cornucopiae in left arm and in right hand rudder.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 2,49g, axes: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 177-192 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.10.38.??, p-, PB-, HM-,
Q-001
"Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Commodus, AD 177-192
obv. AVTO M AV - KOMODOC
laureate head r.
rev. NEIKOPOLI - PROC EICTRO
Tyche in long garment and mantle, stg. l., holding in l. arm cornucopiae and in extended r.
hand rudder
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2013)
rev. cf. No. 8.10.38.8 var. (has NIKOPOL PIOC ICCTRO)
obv. e.g. No.8.10.16.2

Its a new rev. variant with a rare obv. legend." by Jochen
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERTAVG-COS-II_FORTVN-R-EDVC_RIC-IV-I-383-p-_RSC-175a_Emesa-194-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5-18,5mm_2,84g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 383, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FORTVN REDVC, Scarce, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, #1146 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 383, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FORTVN REDVC, Scarce, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FORTVN-R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, holding long palm and cornucopia.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 3,37g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-383, p-, RSC-175a, S-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II_FORTVN-R-EDVC_RIC-IV-I-383-p-_RSC-175a_Emesa-194-AD_Scarce_Q-002_0h_17,5mm_3,14g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 383, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FORTVN REDVC, Scarce, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, #268 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 383, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FORTVN REDVC, Scarce, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FORTVN-R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, holding long palm and cornucopia.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,14g, axis: 0h ,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-383, p-, RSC-175a, S-,
Q-002
quadrans
Septimius-Severus_L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-VIII_FORT-R-EDVC-RIC-IV-479Ab_C-157b_Q-001-18mm_2_52g.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 479Ab, Laodicea ad Mare, AR-Denarius, FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left, 184 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 479Ab, Laodicea ad Mare, AR-Denarius, FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left,
avers:- L-SEPT-SEV-PERT-AVG-IMP-VIII, Laureate head right.
revers:- FORT-R-EDVC, Fortuna standing left, holding long palm in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter:18mm, weight:2,52g, axis: h,
mint: Laodicea, date: 197 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-479Ab, C-157b,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-16,_Nicopolis_Ad_Istrum,_HHJ-08_14_38_16,_Tyche,_Q-001_h_17,5-18mm_g-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.16, AE-16, Tyche,62 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.16, AE-16, Tyche,
avers:- AV•K•Λ•C-CEVHPOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- . NIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-IC, Tyche in long garmet and mantle,wearing kalathos,standing left, holding cornucopiae in left arm and right hand rudder.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.14.38.16, PB-1598var, HM-999,
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-16,_Nicopolis_Ad_Istrum,_HHJ-08_14_38_21,_Tyche,_Q-001_6h_17,5-18mm_3,86g-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.21, AE-16, Tyche,61 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.21, AE-16, Tyche,
avers:- AV-K-Λ.-CEVHPOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- . NIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-ICTP, Tyche in long garmet and mantle,wearing kalathos,standing left, holding cornucopiae in left arm and right hand rudder.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,86g, axes: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.14.38.21, PB-1398, HM-999,
Q-001
quadrans
049_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-16,_Nicopolis_Ad_Istrum,_HHJ-08_14_38_22,_Tyche,_Q-001_7h_15-16mm_2,57g-s.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.22, AE-16, Tyche,67 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.14.38.22, AE-16, Tyche,
avers:- AV-KAI-CE-CEVHPOC, Laureate head right.
revers:- . NIKOΠOΛI-ΠPOC-ICTP, Tyche in long garmet and mantle,wearing kalathos,standing right, holding cornucopiae in left arm and right hand rudder.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15-16mm, weight: 2,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.14.38.22, PB-1398, HM-999,
Q-001
quadrans
Pisidia,_Antioch,_049p_Septimius_Severus_(193-211_A_D_),_AE-22___Imitatio,_Q-001,_0h,_22,0mm,_5,25g-s~0.jpg
049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG BN 1117-8, AE-22, ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Męn wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap,61 views049p Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG BN 1117-8, AE-22, ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Męn wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap,
avers: IMP CAES SEP SEV PER A, Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: ANTIOCH MENCIS CO, Męn (Lunus), wearing a long robe and Phrygian cap, crescent on the left shoulder, standing slightly right, left foot resting on bucranium, holding Nike with the trophy in left hand and spear in right, rooster at foot left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 5,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: SNG BN 1117-8, Krzyźanowska obv. die XIX.
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
RIC_IV-I_551,_Julia-Domna,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_AVGVSTA,_FELICITAS,_Roma,_RSC-47,_BMC-22,_Sear-6581,_206_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_17,5-19,5mm,_2,94g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 551, Rome, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS, Felicitas standing, head left, #161 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 551, Rome, AR-Denarius, FELICITAS, Felicitas standing, head left, #1
avers: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
reverse: FELICITAS, Felicitas standing, head left, holding short caduceus and long scepter.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter:17,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 206 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 551, RSC 47, BMC 22, Sear-6581,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_556_Julia-Domna_AR-Den_IVLIA-AVGVSTA_HIL_A_RITAS_Roma-RIC-IV-I-556_p-_RSC-_Sear-5686_198-202-AD_Q-001_0h_18,0-20,0mm_3,11g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 556, Rome, AR-Denarius, HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, #1132 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 556, Rome, AR-Denarius, HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, #1
avers: IVLIA AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
reverse: HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, with long palm branch and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter:18,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,11g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 198-202 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 556, p-, Sear 5686, RSC-, BMC-, ,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_IV-I_373A_Julia-Domna,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_PIA_FELIX_AVG,_DIANA_LVCIFERA,_Roma,_RSC-32,_BMC-1,_Sear-7100,_211-217-AD,_Q-001,_0h,_18,0-20,0mm,_3,02gk-s.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #159 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #1
avers: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Draped bust right
reverse: DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, holding the long torch with both hands.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 18,0-20,0mm, weight: g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 211-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-373A (Caracalla), p-, RSC-32, (Caracalla), BMC-1, Sear-7100,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_IV-I_373A_Julia-Domna,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_PIA_FELIX_AVG,_DIANA_LVCIFERA,_Roma,_RSC-32,_BMC-1,_Sear-7100,_211-217-AD,_Q-002,_7h,_18,5-19,0mm,_3,57gk-s.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #259 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #2
avers: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Draped bust right
reverse: DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, holding the long torch with both hands.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 211-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-373A (Caracalla), p-, RSC-32, (Caracalla), BMC-1, Sear-7100,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_IV-I_373A_Julia-Domna,_AR-Den,_IVLIA_PIA_FELIX_AVG,_DIANA_LVCIFERA,_Roma,_RSC-32,_BMC-1,_Sear-7100,_211-217-AD,_Q-003,1h,_18,0-18,5mm,_3,38g-s.jpg
050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #359 views050a Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373A (Caracalla), Rome, AR-Denar, DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, #3
avers: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, Draped bust right
reverse: DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, holding the long torch with both hands.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 3,38g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 211-217 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-373A (Caracalla), p-, RSC-32, (Caracalla), BMC-1, Sear-7100,
Q-003
quadrans
RI_051xy_img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius AE As - RIC III 126032 viewsAE As
Obv:- AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F COS II, Bare headed bust right
Rev:- HILARITAS / S-C, Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
RIC 1260
maridvnvm
RI_051xx_img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius AE As - RIC III 126025 viewsAE As
Obv:- AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F COS II, Bare headed bust right
Rev:- HILARITAS / S-C, Hilaritas standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
RIC 1260
1 commentsmaridvnvm
JustISB69.jpg
0518-0527 AD - Justin I - Sear 69 - Half Follis32 viewsEmperor: Justin I (r. 518-527 AD)
Date: 518-527 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: D N IVSTINVS PP AVG
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, with cross rising from front of diadem.

Reverse: Large K; to left, long cross; to right, "B"; stars above and below.

Constantinople mint, second officina
Sear 69
7.99g; 24.4mm; 180°
Pep
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_),_AE-26_M-AVR-E-ANTONINV_MVNICIPI-STOBEN_Stobi,_Josifovski_,_Varbanov_,_Nike_left-s~0.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 296, Varbanov , AE-26, Nike standing left,64 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Macedonia, Stobi, Josifovski 296, Varbanov , AE-26, Nike standing left,
avers:- , M-AVR-E-ANTONINV, Laureate head of the Caracalla right.
revers:- MVNICIPI-S-TOBEN, Nike (Victory) in long hiton walking, turned left, in her lifted right hand holding a wreath, and her left hand one palm branch.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Macedonia, Stobi, date: A.D., ref: Josifovski 296, Varbanov ,
Q-001
quadrans
Phrygia,_Hadrianopolis-Sebaste,_051_Caracalla,_BMC_4,_SNG_Cop_407,_Caracalla_r_,_Tyche_l_,_Poteitos,_198-217_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21mm,_5,52ga-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Phrygia, Hadrianopolis-Sebaste, BMC 4 (?), AE-21, AΔPIA•APX•ΠOTЄITO/V, Tyche standing left, Rare! #187 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Phrygia, Hadrianopolis-Sebaste, BMC 4 (?), AE-21, AΔPIA•APX•ΠOTЄITO/V, Tyche standing left, Rare! #1
avers: •M•AV•AN TωNЄIN, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.
reverse: AΔPIA•AP X•ΠOTЄITO/V, Tyche in a long robe and with Kalathos standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 5,52g, axis:6h,
mint: Phrygia, Hadrianopolis-Sebaste, Magistrate Poteitos., date: 198-217 A.D.,
ref: BMC 4 (? Radiate !), SNG Cop 407(? Radiate!).
Q-001
Ex: "Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE), Auction 22, Lot-1283, 24.05.2007"
1 commentsquadrans
055.jpg
052 FLORIANUS12 viewsEMPEROR: Florianus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP FLORIANVS AVG; Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum
REVERSE: CONCORDIA MILITVM; Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand
EXERGUE: –/–//T
DATE: July – August 276 AD
MINT: Cyzicus
WEIGHT: 4.14 g
RIC TEMP NO. 4530 (55 ex.)
Barnaba6
054_Macrinus_(217-218_A_D_),AE-27-Pentassarion__AV_K_OPPE_CEV-_Hera_and_Peacock_Markianopolis-Moesia_Inf_HrJ_(2014)-not_in_217-18-AD-Q-001_6h_26,7-27,7mm_12,24ga-s~0.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.24.03.???, AE-27, Pentassarion, Hera and peacock,136 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.24.03.???, AE-27, Pentassarion, Hera and peacock,
avers:- AV K OΠΠ CEVH MAKPEINOC • M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC KAI •, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Macrinus facing bare-headed draped and cuirassed bust of Diadumenian.
revers:- VΠ ΠONTIANOV MAPKIA NOΠOΛEITΩN•, Hera in long garment and mantle, standing left, holding patera in outstretched right hand and
resting with raised left hand on scepter, Peacock at foot in left down, E in right field.
exe: -/-//E, diameter: 26,7-27,7mm, weight:12,24g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: HrJ (2014) Not in this variation, Varbanov (2005) Not in -,
Q-001
quadrans
054p-Macrinus_AE-28_AVK-OPPEL-CEVH-MAKPINOC_VP-AGPIPPA-NIKOPOLITWN-PPOC-IC-TP-W_HHJ-8_23_7_2-p-276_Moushmov-1212_Nikopolis-ad-Istr_AD-217_Q-001_6h_27-28mm_11,45g-s.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 08.23.07.02, AE-28, VΠ-AΓPIΠΠA-NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-IC/TP-Ω, Apollo, naked, standing right,74 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 08.23.07.02, AE-28, VΠ-AΓPIΠΠA-NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-IC/TP-Ω, Apollo, naked, standing right,
avers: AVK-OΠΠEΛ-CEVH-MAKPI-NOC, Laureate head right.
revers: VΠ-AΓPIΠΠA-NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-IC/TP-Ω, Apollo, Sauroktonos, naked, standing right with crossed legs, left hand on tree-stump, in right hand holding twig and pointing to stump.
exe: TP/Ω//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 11,45g, axis:6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Statius Longinus 217-218 A.D., date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 8.23.7.2,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
054_Macrinus_(217-218_A_D_),AE-27_AVTK-M-O_E_-CEV-MAKPEINOC-AV_V_-CTA-_ON_INOV-NIKO_O_IT_N-_POC-I_Nicopolis_ad_Istrum,_HHJ-08_23_10_14,_Moesia_Inferior-Q-001p-s~0.jpg
054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 08.23.10.14, AE-27, VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, Hermes standing left,61 views054p Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ 08.23.10.14, AE-27, VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, Hermes standing left,
avers:- AVTK-M-OΠEΛ-CEV-MAKPEINOC-AV, Laureate head right.
revers:- VΠ-CTA-ΛONΓINOV-NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I, Hermes, nude, standing left in left arm kerykeion and in right hand purse.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Statius Longinus 217-218 A.D., date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 8.23.10.14,
Q-001
quadrans
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_A_D__Caesar,_218_A_D__Augustus),_Nicopolis_ad_Istrum,_4_assaria,_HHJ-08_25_01_16,_Moushmov_1348,_Moesia_Inferior-Q-001_2h_26,0-26,5mm_10,01g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.01.16, 4 Assaria (AE-26), Eagle with wings spread,117 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.01.16, 4 Assaria (AE-26), Eagle with wings spread,
avers:- M OΠEΛ ΔIAΔO MENIANOC K, Bare headed draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO/CI, Eagle with wings spread, holding wreath in its beak.
exe: -/-//CI, diameter: 26,0-26,5mm, weight: 10,01g, axis: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Governor:Statius Longinus, date: 218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2012) 08.25.01.16, Moushmov 1348, Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1, No. 3710, AMNG I, p. 473, no. 1871,
"Consular legate Statius Longinus , (Governor) of the residents of Nikopolis on the (river) Istrus – A prince (Diadumenian) crowned by the gods"
Q-001
quadrans
56_4_PanoramaBlack1.jpg
056/4 Subgroup 85 & 86A AE Triens60 viewsAnonymous. Ae Triens. Apulia. 212-208 BC. (9.08 g, 23.72 g) Obv: Helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above. Rev: ROMA, prow right, four pellets below.

Originally defined as Crawford 56/4, this type of Triens have been assigned to subgroup 85 & 86A. This is a Q or H triens, that is missing the Q or H. Andrew McCabe gives the subgroup the number F1 which has the following characteristics:

"Mint: Apulia. Second Punic war. Related to RRC 85 H, and RRC 86 anchor and Q. Obverses are in high relief. The general style, for examples Janus, or Hercules’ truncation, or the regular reverse prow, is like RRC 86 anchor and Q. Reverses of Sextans and Quadrans have either regular, or Luceria style, prows with a club in an elevated fighting platform. On regular reverses, the top and central keel lines join half way across prow. Flans are thin and broad akin to late issues of Luceria. All denominations As through Sextans are known."

"The regular reverse prow is tall (height/width) with a fighting platform and deck structure elevated more than usual, and there is always a line extending either side of the deck structure. The keel-lines are also distinctive, with the middle of the three lines always converging with the top line half way across the prow... These specific design features – especially the middle keel line converging with the upper line half way across the prow – are identical with and typical of the RRC 86A Q series from Apulia58... The obverses of all denominations are in high relief, and show high quality engraving."

"So a close geographic and timing link between the Anchor Q, H, L, L-T, CA and P coins can be posited. These coins are certainly a second Punic war issue from Apulia. It remains open for discussion which city minted these group F1 coins, presumably alongside the RRC 85 and RRC 86 issues."

This is one out of six specimens: "F1 Triens: 6 coins, mean 9.4 grams, heaviest 10.5 grams".

All quotes are from the work of Andrew McCabe.

Link to thread at Forvm Ancient Coins: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=90604.0

On this topic at Andrew McCabe's homepage: http://andrewmccabe.ancients.info/RRC056.html

I would strongly recommend anyone who wants to learn more about Roman Republican coins to give Andrew McCabe's homepage a visit.


1 commentsPaddy
Nero,_RIC_I_64.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 6484 viewsNero 54-68 A.D.. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. c. 66-67 A.D. (3.25g, 17.2mm, 6h ). Obv: l to r in- IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: l to r in- IVPPITER CVSTOS, Jupiter, bare to waist, seated left holding thunderbolt ring right, and long scepter in left. RIC I 64, RSC 121.6 commentsLucas H
LarryW1903.jpg
0618 Focas, 602-61066 viewsAV solidus, 21.3mm, 4.41g, VF
Struck 603-607 at Constatinople
ON FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia, and holding globus cruciger / VICTORI - A AVCC B, Angel standing facing, holding in right hand long staff surmounted by Rho, and in left hand globus cruciger. CON OB in exg.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 618; DO 5b.2
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_062a_img.jpg
062 - Pescennius Niger denarius - RIC -. cf. RIC IV 70d23 viewsObv:– IMP CAE PESCEN NIGER IVST A, laureate head right
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma in military attire seated left on cuirass, no shield at side or feet, Victory offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand
Minted in Antioch. Apr 193 - May 194 A.D
Reference:– Unpublished in primary references, cf. RIC IV 70d, RSC III 62b, BMCRE V p. 80 note, SRCV II 6121, Hunter III -,

Scratches and scrapes, small edge test cut, hard edge bump on reverse resulting in crack on obverse, slightly off center cutting off parts of legends

2.690g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 15o

Numerous varieties of Pescennius Niger denarii with Roma Aeternae reverses are published in the standard references, but none describe Roma as seated on a cuirass. A few have been seen with dealers though.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Sev-Alexander_IMP-C-M-AVR-SEV-ALEXAND-AVG_PAX-AETERNA-AVG_RIC-165_C-183_223-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19mm_2,97g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 165, Rome, AR-Denarius, PAX-AETERNA-AVG, Pax standing left,113 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 165, Rome, AR-Denarius, PAX-AETERNA-AVG, Pax standing left,
avers:-IMP-C-M-AVR-SEV-ALEXAND-AVG, Laureate draped bust right.
revers:-PAX-AETERNA-AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and long scepter.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 223 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-165, p-_C-183,
Q-001
quadrans
LarryW1921.jpg
0620v Focas, 602-61041 viewsGold solidus, 22.29mm, 4.48g, brilliant, Mint State
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
d N FOCAS PERP AV, crowned, draped and cuirased bust facing, holding globus cruciger in raised right hand / VICTORIA AVGU E, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by chi-rho monogram in right hand and orb surmounted by cross (globus cruciger) in left; CONOB in exg.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Leu Auction 75, Zurich, 25-27 October 1999, lot 1629
cf. Sear 620; DOC 10e 1-5; MIB 9; Wroth (BMC) 10; Tolstoi 8; Ratto 1181 - all with obverse legend ending AVG
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_064jw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O2 - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064rj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O6 - RIC 388 var17 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RE_DVC, Fortuna standing left, holding long sceptre & cornucopia.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 195
Reference(s) – Cohen 159. RIC 388 var.
maridvnvm
RI_064an_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O9 - RIC -40 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left, holding long scepter & cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -. BMCRE -. RSC -.

3.17g, 18.54mm, 0o

This is an unusual legend with several spelling errors. It is an obverse die match to a coin in the Doug Smith collection (different reverse type). A reverse die match exists in the British Museum (different obverse die).
maridvnvm
RI_064tb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O9 - RIC - 12 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SE SEV PER AG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna standing left, holding long scepter & cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -. BMCRE -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
normal_RI_064da_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SE . V PERT AVG COS I-I, Laureate head right (Longhead portrait)
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVCI, Fortuna (pax?), with modius on head, seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 195
Reference:- RIC -

3.36g, 19.07mm, 0o

Black toning.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ds_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) seated left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC - would be in the region of RIC 383 but this reverse type with Hilaritas seated not known
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.18g.
maridvnvm
RI_064ev_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -26 views064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 386 var
Obv:–IMP CAE L SEP SE . V PERT AVG COS I-I, Laureate head right (Longhead portrait)
Rev:– FORTVNA REDVCI, Fortuna (pax?), with modius on head, seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 195
Reference:- RIC - (cf. RIC 386 which has a different reverse legend for this type FORTVN REDVC)
maridvnvm
RI_064iw_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTV-NA REDVCI, Hilaritas, standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064ma_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R AVG, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse legend not listed for Septimius Severus at Laodicea.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064nx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -34 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTA REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, holding long palm in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare, A.D. 196 – 197
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -
maridvnvm
RI_064pa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RDEVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -

This brittle coin was broken and being held together by the 2x2 it was held in. I didn't know this until I freed it and dozens of little flakes of coin poured out. They were too small for me to make any attempt at reconstruction.
maridvnvm
RI_064pq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -23 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTA REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left, holding long palm in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Laodicea ad Mare, A.D. 196 – 197
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -
maridvnvm
RI_064si_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -12 viewsDenarius
Obv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:- FORTVN R-EDVCV (sic), Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMC -. RIC -. RSC -. 0 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_064fj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -7 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PEPT(sic) AVG COS - (!!), Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.00g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but other examples of this die show two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI_064tz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -4 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PEPT(sic) AVG COS - !!, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.60g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but this example showw two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI_064bu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38311 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC 383 (Scarce), RSC 175a
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.45g
maridvnvm
RI_064u_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38327 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTV-N REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 383, RSC 175a
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.46g
maridvnvm
RI_064bx_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 3839 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 383, RSC 175a
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.22g
maridvnvm
RI_064bd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38323 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC 383 (Scarce), RSC 175a
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 1.97g
maridvnvm
RI_064lt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 38311 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVN R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– RIC 383 (Scarce). RSC 175a.
maridvnvm
RI 064gn img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 383 var20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNE REDVCI, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing left holding long palm and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, 194 A.D.
References:– RIC 383 var (unlisted long legend variant)
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.05g.

The early bust style, similar to that used in the COS I series combined with the long reverse legend places this coin early in the COS II series.
maridvnvm
RI 064dv img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 417 var.18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right (Long head portrait)
Rev:– [S]AECVI CE [LIC]IT,Crescent and seven stars (Supposed to be SAECVL FELICIT)
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference(s) – RIC IV 417 var (Odd legend variation)
maridvnvm
RI_064rt_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 42821 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right (Long head portrait)
Rev:– VICTOR SEVE-R AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left
Minted in Emesa. Early A.D. 194
Reference(s) – Cohen 749. BMCRE 399. RIC IV 428 (S). RSC 749

Harshly cleaned but bought because I have a few obverse die matches. This reverse legend is thought to be relatively early in the series and thus helps place this obverse die in the chronology.
maridvnvm
RI 064bi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45335 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 (Scarce), RSC 157
maridvnvm
RI_064bi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 4533 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 (Scarce), RSC 157
maridvnvm
RI_064be_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var20 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to a possibly rusty die or even smotthing down burrs from a freshly made die.
maridvnvm
RI 064be img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var76 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to the freshly prepaired die. A circle is also visible which is probably a guide line for the engraving of the legend.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail 1.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 148 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI_064be_rev_crop.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail11 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 236 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064hl img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Ref:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)

Unusual obverse legend break PER-T as opposed to the more usual PE-RT.
maridvnvm
RI_064px_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)14 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-E-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_132hl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)10 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Ref:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)

Unusual obverse legend break PER-T as opposed to the more usual PE-RT.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064fj img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-) 35 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE - V PERT AVG COS, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTVNAE REDVCI, Fortuna (Pax?) seated left holding branch and cornucopia
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 193
References:– RIC -
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 3.00g

Whilst the legend seems to end COS the intention would have been for COS II. This is an earlier bust type typically seen with COS I and with the long legend on the reverse is certainly tied to the earlier types but other examples of this die show two small strokes beneath the bust which could be taken to the II.
maridvnvm
RI_064jk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)30 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITA, Crescent and seven stars
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -. RSC -. BMCRE -.

2.72g, 17.96mm, 0o

Classic COS I style and an interesting longer reverse legend than seen on later Crescent and stars types
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_065az_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna AE As- RIC 87747 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right
Rev:– HILARITAS S-C, Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– BMCRE 786. Cohen 74. RIC IV 877.

8.89 g. 24.29 mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Maximinus-I_axis-6h_18-19mm_3,07g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #197 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long sceptre.
exerg: , diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-03, p-, C-55
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P_RIC-IV-3_C-55_Rome-235-AD_002_Q-002_7h_18,5-19mm_2,83g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #262 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long sceptre.
exerg: , diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,83g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-03, p-, C-55
Q-002
quadrans
RI 066i img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 24035 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak on shoulder, standing half left holding thunderbolt and long sceptre, eagle at feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 214.
Reference:– RIC 240. RCV02 6832. RSC 239.
maridvnvm
LarryW1905.jpg
0666 Focas 602-61046 viewsBronze three-quarter follis (30 nummi), 26.3mm, 10.1g, EF
Struck at Cyzikus, 609-610
[d N FOCAS] PERP AVG, bust facing wearing cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with pendilia and cross on circlet / large XXX, cross above, stigma II (year 8) right, KYZ A in exg. Very rare type, some flatness in the striking.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins; Harlan Berk
Sear 666v; DO 77, note (Longuet collection); MIB 77 (citing two specimens -- Birmingham and Longuet collection)
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_068aa_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 069a15 viewsObv:– IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P II COS II, Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopia and long caduceus
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210
Reference:– BMC p 364, 40. RD 24 ex. RIC 69a. RSC 137.
maridvnvm
RI_068af_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 08011 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P III COS II P P, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding cornucopia and long caduceus
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– BMC p. 422, 15. RIC 80. RSC 198. 7 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068u_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 09415 viewsObv:– L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, Felicitas standing right, holding long caduceus in left hand clasping hends with Geta standing left holding cornucopia
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 200 - 202
Reference:– BMC 685. RIC 94 (Scarce). RSC 49.

Weight 3.41g. 19.21mm.
maridvnvm
RI 069a img.jpg
069 - Macrinus Denarius - RIC 002114 viewsObv:– IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P P P, Jupiter, nude, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome, September 217 A.D.
References:– RIC 2, RSC 70
Titles PONTIF MAX TR P P P (no COS) are rare on denarii. No specimens of this coin in Reka Devnia hoard, for example. Combined with medium beard length of portrait increases interest. Macrinus was letting his beard grow and the same coin can also be found with either short or long beard! This is second issue, date c. Sept. 217
maridvnvm
06a-Constantine-Car-051c.jpg
06a. Constantine as Caesar: Carthage follis.52 viewsFollis, Nov. - Dec. 306, Carthage mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART / Carthage standing, dressed in long robe, holding fruit in both hands. H in left field.
Mint mark: Γ
9.49 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #51c; PBCC #575; Sear #15551.
1 commentsCallimachus
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_08_rev_05.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES12 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
rexesq
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_01_rev_04.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES22 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
2 commentsrexesq
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_09_rev_06.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES17 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
rexesq
faustina-jr_AR-Denarius_CERES_00.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
2 commentsrexesq
Copy_of_faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_w-quarter_obv_01.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES - with US 25 Cent coin.8 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
--------------------------------
*US Quarter Dollar (25 cents) to right, for size comparison.
--------------------------------
rexesq
Copy_of_faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_w-quarter_obv_05.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES - with US 25 Cent coin.12 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
--------------------------------
*US Quarter Dollar (25 cents) to right, for size comparison.
--------------------------------
rexesq
Galba_RIC_I_168_Clashed_Dies.jpg
07 Galba RIC I 168 Clashed dies25 viewsGalba. AR Denarius. Rome Mint July 68- Jan. 69 A.D. (3.29g, 19.6m, 11h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA AVG, laureate head right. Rev: [SPQR/OB]/CS in three lines in oak-wreath. Reverse clashed dies. RIC I 168 (R). RSC 287a.

With complete obverse legends and a high relief portrait, the obverse is worn and the coin is on an oblong flan. The reason I added this to my collection is the reverse. I initially thought the reverse was an obverse brockage, which had been restruck. A more experienced collector pointed out it was produced by clashed dies. An interesting oddity.
Lucas H
RI 071i img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Antoninianus - RIC 149 (3e )59 viewsObv:– IMP ANTONINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus and cornucopiae
References:– VM 13, RIC 149 (3e )(Scarce), RCV02 7499, RSC 280
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Gordian-III_AE-Den_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-S-TATOR_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19-20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,103 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-S-TATOR, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome??, date: A.D., ref: RIC-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-27_AVTK____W________C_V__V_CABMO_ECTOVNIKO_O_EIT_N_P_OCICTPON__Nic_ad_Istr__HHJ-08_36_4_-,_M_Inf_Q-001_6h_26,5-28mm_12_2g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,132 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-W-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ (AVΓ ligate), Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, right.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEITΩN-ΠP (ΠP ligate), in right field one below the other POC [I]C[T]P, in upper left field ON (Γ?), Athena in long girded double chiton, helmeted, standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on inverted spear and holding with lowered right hand shield seen from inside set on ground.
exe: O/N/Γ(?)//O/C/I/C/T/P//--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 12,2g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus (241-244 A.D.,) date: 241-244 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 2051 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4177 (but Varbanov doesn't differentiate between different legend
distributions!)
c) not in Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2015)
rev. No. 8. 36.4 (for the depiction only)
obv. e.g. No. 8.36.4.4 (same die)
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus-III_(238-244_A_D_)_AE-27_AVT-K-_-___-W-________C-(_V_)_V_-CAB-MO_ECTOV-NI-KO_O_EIT(_N)-(_P)_O-C-I-C_Nicop-ad-Istr_HHJ-08_36_5_1-Q-1-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,64 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-Μ-ΑΝΤ-W-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-(ΑVΓ), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEIT(ΩN)-(ΠP)_O-C-I-C, Demeter standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on long burning torch and holding in right hand grain-ears.
exe: -/O/C/I/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus 241-244 A.D., date: 241-244 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 08.36.5.1,
Q-001
quadrans
1299_P_Hadrian_pseudo_RPC736.jpg
0736 THRACE, Bizya, Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian Tyche standing17 viewsReference.
RPC III, 736; Jurukova 165

Obv. ΔΙΟΝΥСω ΚΤΙСΤΗ
Dionysos seated right on throne, holding grape bunch and a single grape; vine to left

Rev. ΒΙΖΥΗΝΩΝ.
River-god and Tyche; to left, river-god reclining right, resting right arm on water-urn, holding reed in left hand; to right, Tyche standing facing, head left, wearing long garment and kalathos, holding cantharus in right hand and two ears of corn in left hand.

6.59 gr
22 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-28,_IMP_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_PROV_INC_IA_D_ACIA,_AN-III,_Pick-16,_PM-2-67-22,_Mus-R,_Q-001,_1h,_28mm,_14,20g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #172 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA D ACIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed V in right, on left standard inscribed XIII and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 28,0mm, weight: 14,20g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D.,
ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-22,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-27_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DACIA_AN-III_Pick-16_PM-2-67-23_Mus-R_Q-001_1h_26-27mm_11,90g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1206 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA DA CIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, on left standard inscribed V and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 11,90g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D., ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-23, SGICV 3873v, BMC 6v, Moushmov 1,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_076d_img.jpg
076 - Julia Maesa denarius - RIC 27112 viewsObv:– IVLIA MAESA AVG, Bare head right
Rev:– SAECVLI FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, star right
Minted in Rome.
Reference– RIC 271, RSC 45, BMC 79
maridvnvm
GI 077d img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE26, Markianopolis, Hera31 viewsAE26 (Pentassarion)
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔPOC KAI IOVΛIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing with long dressing- gown, holding patera and scepter. E in right field
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Reference:– Moushmov 732 ??
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077ad img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 00542 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak behind, over arms, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and long sceptre
Minted in Rome, A.D. 222
References:– VM 35/1, RIC 5 (Common), RCV02 7891, RSC 204
maridvnvm
RI 077q img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 16827 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax running left holding olive branch and long sceptre
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 168, RSC 187
maridvnvm
RI 077af img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 28654 viewsObv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– LIBERTAS AVG, Libertas, standing half-left, holding pileus and long sceptre, * in left field
Minted in Antioch
References:– VM 24, RIC 286, RSC 147
maridvnvm
IMG_4940.JPG
079. Macrinus (217-218 A.D.)15 viewsAv.: AVT KM OPELIOC - CEVH MAKRINOC
Rv.: VP CTATI LONGINO - V N - IKOPOLITWN PRO / C ICTR

AE26 / 10.5g
Moesia inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum
AMNG I/1, 1783, Varbanov 3532
Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 8.23.34.7
struck under governor Statius Longinus
Scarce!
Juancho
07m-Constantine-Ant-167c.jpg
07m. Constantine: Antioch follis.41 viewsFollis, 312, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO / Sol in long robe, holding head of Serapis; Z in left field; star in right field.
Mint mark: ANT
5.05 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #167c; PBCC #1137; Sear #16044.
1 commentsCallimachus
2860420.jpg
08. Maurice Tiberius23 viewsAV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 583-602 AD.

O: Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger

R: Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Z//CONOB. DOC 5g; MIBE 6; SB 478. VF, small dig on reverse.

Ex CNG

1 commentsSosius
Philip-I-RIC-086a.jpg
08. Philip I.40 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: SAECVLVM NOVVM / Hexastyle temple with seated statue of Roma.
4.25 gm., 21 mm.
RIC 86a.

This particular reverse type seems to be the only one of the Millennium types to have been minted in Antioch. Characteristics of the Antioch mint on this coin include a left-facing bust and the long obverse legend.
The temple is the Temple of Roma in Rome, begun by Hadrian and complete by Antoninus Pius in 141 AD.
1 commentsCallimachus
IMG_2805.JPG
080 Vitellius 61 viewsVitellius Denarius.
Weight: 3.30 g
Diameter: 18.50 mm
A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP TR P, laureate head right / LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus and long rod. RIC I 81, RSC 48
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-VAL-HOS-MES-QVINTVS-N-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS_RIC-_C-_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21-23mm_3_67g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,75 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III ???, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Very Rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
avers:- C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
revers:- RINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Apollo seated left, holding branch
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: h,
mint: Rome ?, date: 251 A.D.? ref: RIC- ,C- ,??, Very rare!, Not in RIC!!!,
Q-001
"A similar coin, overstruck on an earlier denarius of Geta in Decius' operation to convert circulating denarii into antononiani, was shown on Forvm by Hispanorvm, May 2005.
I wrote the coin into my RIC, but it did not turn up in a Forvm search for "Hostilian Geta" now, so it has perhaps been deleted.
For readers without easy access to RIC, this rev. type is well known for Hostilian Caesar with the longer legend
C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C,
but is not in RIC with the more abbreviated legend of Quadrans' coin,
C VAL HOS MES QVINTVS N C." by Curtis Clay. Thank you Curtis Clay.
quadrans
RI 087h img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 08441 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 - 243
Reference:– Van Meter 21, RIC 84, RSC 109
Weight 4.45 gms
Dimensions 23.03mm
maridvnvm
RI_089ad_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III, Denarius - RIC 12721 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev:– DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing right, holding long transverse torch.
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 127. RSC 69.

Weight 2.54g. 19.83mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
dom_1445.jpg
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445120 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.).
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian era...one wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Vitellius_RIC_I_105.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 10581 viewsVitellius. Jan. 2-Dec. 20 69 AD. AR Denarius (2.71 g, 17.6m, 5h). Rome mint. Struck circa April-December AD 69. Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right. Rev: LIBERTAS RESTITVTA, Libertas, draped, standing facing holding pileus & long rod. RIC I 105; RSC 47.

With the same devices as RIC I 81, the difference on this coin is the abbreviated title GERM. Vitellius was commander of the legions in Germania Inferior when the Rhine legions declared him emperor in 69 A.D. He would have resigned as emperor, but was not allowed to do so when Vespasian’s eastern legions marched on Rome, and was ultimately killed and Vespasian was installed as emperor ending the Year of Four Emperors.
Lucas H
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_PAX-AVG_S-I_RIC-V-I-_Göbl-1472b_Siscia_-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-21,5mm_3,35g-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 575-SI, Göbl-1472b, Siscia, S/I//--, Sole Reign., PAX AVG, Pax standing left,65 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 575-SI, Göbl-1472b, Siscia, S/I//--, Sole Reign., PAX AVG, Pax standing left,
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, Radiated head right.
revers:- PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch left and long scepter transverse.
exerg: S/I//--, diameter: 18,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,35g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: -A.D. Sole Reign., ref: RIC-V-I-575-SI, p-182, C-, Göbl-1472b,
Q-001
quadrans
090b_Gallienus,_Roma,_Göbl_353x,_AE-Ant,_GALLIENVS_AVG,_PAX_AVG,_RIC-256var__C-_-AD__Q-001__0h_18,0-20,0mm_2,69g-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Rome, Göbl 0353x, RIC V-I 256var., Sole Reign, AE-Antoninianus, -/T//--, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, #195 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Rome, Göbl 0353x, RIC V-I 256var., Sole Reign, AE-Antoninianus, -/T//--, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, #1
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, Radiated cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PAX AVG, Pax standing left, raising branch in right hand and holding long transverse scepter in left. T in right field.
exerg: -/T//--, diameter: 18,0-20,0mm, weight: 2,69g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 260-268-A.D., Sole Reign., ref: RIC V-I 256var., p-182, Göbl-353x,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_092e_img.jpg
092 - Philip II Antoninianus - RIC 23516 viewsObv:– IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P VI COS P P, Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 249
Reference:– Bland 89. RIC IV 235 (Rated Rare)
maridvnvm
LarryW1922.jpg
0956 Contans II, AD 641-66850 viewsGold solidus, 19.44mm, 4.49g, nearly EF
Struck c. 651-654 at Constantinople
d N CONSTAN[TINU]S PP AV, crowned bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand / VICTORIA AVGU I, cross potent on three steps; CO[NOB] beneath.
Areas of flatness in the striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 956; DOC 19j; MIB 23; Wroth/BMC 36; Tolstoi 57; CBN 41
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1925.jpg
0964 Constans II, AD 641-66852 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.31g, EF
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and Constantine IV, beardless (on right), each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU Δ, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in exergue. Some surface deposits on obverse and a little flatness in the striking affecting both sides.
Certificate of Authenticy by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Sear 964; DOC 30d; MIB 31; Wroth (BMC) 55; Tolstoi 293
Lawrence Woolslayer
trajan_RIC243.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AR denarius - struck 112-114 AD127 viewsobv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI PP (laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder)
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI (Abundantia standing left, holding cornucopiae and grain ears; at her feet, a child holding a roll), in ex. ALIM ITAL [Alimenta Italiae]
ref: RIC II 243, C.9 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
2.91gms, 19mm

The Alimenta was a welfare program for poor children and orphans. Credit for designing the program is usually attributed to Nerva, but it was increased and formally organized under Trajan. The Alimenta was funded from several sources. Probably, money from the Dacian Wars was used to initially underwrite the program; however, the long-term existence of the program was insured through 5% interest paid by wealthy landowners on loans and estate taxes. Philanthropy was also encouraged and contributed to the total funding.
Under Alimenta, boys of freemen received 16 sesterces monthly, girls received 12, while children borne out of wedlock received a bit less. The Alimenta was supplemented with a special young girls foundation initiated by Antoninus Pius in honor of his deceased wife Faustina. Municipal magistrates administered the alimentary funds and in turn were supervised by imperial clerks who had the status of knights.
1 commentsberserker
987_P_Hadrian_RPC986.jpg
0986 BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia Hadrian Ae 33 Distyle temple12 viewsReference
RPC III, 986var (bust);

Issue Bronze; I. 1

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒ
Laureate head of Hadrian, right.

Rev. ΚΟΙ-ΝΟΝ ΒΕΙΘΥΝΙΑС
Distyle temple on podium of two steps; within, Capitoline triad: in the centre, Zeus stands facing, resting with r. hand on long sceptre, between Hera, l. standing r. and Athena, r., standing l. Hera rests with l. hand on long sceptre. Athena crowns Zeus and holds an aphlaston in her l. hand; sacrificing Genius over altar with patera in hand, in pediment; Victories on raking cornices and on apex (?)

23.26 gr
33 mm
6h

Note.
New bust
Temple like RPC III, 986
Figures like RPC III, 985
okidoki
623_P_Sabina_RPC990var_.jpg
0990 BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia Sabina Ae 24 Tetrastyle temple female figure15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 990; Rec 60

Obv. СΑΒΕΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust of Sabina, r., with hair coiled and piled on top of head above double stephane.

Rev. ΚΟΙ-ΝΟΝ ΒΕΙΘΥΝΙΑС
Tetrastyle temple on podium of two steps, with star in pediment; within, draped female figure (Empress?) stands facing Left, resting with r. hand on long sceptre, holding patera in l. hand

8.95 gr
23.50 mm
6h
okidoki
Soloi_Stater_Amazon.jpg
0a Amazon Stater16 viewsSilver Stater 20mm Struck circa 440-410 B.C.
Soloi in Cilicia

Amazon kneeling left, holding bow, quiver on left hip
ΣOΛEΩN, Grape cluster on vine; A-Θ to either side of stalk, monogram to lower right

Sear 5602 var.; Casabonne Type 3; SNG France 135; SNG Levante

This coin depicts an amazon in historically accurate garb. Unfortunately, the bow is corroded away on this piece, but it is pointed toward her. She wears the Scythian hat, which also has a bit along the top corroded away. The quiver on her hip is an accurate portrayal of the gorytos (quiver), which was nearly two feet long, fashioned of leather, and often decorated. Fortunately, there is redundancy in this image, and a second bow is shown as in its place in the gorytos, which had separate chambers for arrows and the bow, where the archer stored it while not in use. The amazon has just finished stringing her bow and is adjusting the top hook to make sure the strings and limbs are properly aligned. She has strung the bow using her leg to hold one limb in place so she can use both hands to string the weapon. Her recurve bow was made of horn (ibex, elk, ox) wrapped with horse hair, birch bark, or sinew (deer, elk, ox) and glue (animal or fish) wrapped around a wood core. The bow was about 30 inches long. Arrow heads from grave sites come in bone, wood, iron, and bronze with two or three flanges; the shafts were made of reed or wood (willow, birch, poplar) and fletched with feathers. Poisoned arrows were sometimes painted to resemble vipers. A Scythian archer could probably fire 15-20 arrows per minute with accuracy to 200 feet and range to 500-600 feet. Distance archery with modern reconstructions suggests a maximum unaimed flight distance of 1,600 feet. (Mayor 209ff)

Soloi was founded about 700 B.C.and came under Persian rule. According to Diodorus, when the amazons were engaging in conquest in Asia Minor, the Cilicians accepted them willingly and retained their independence. Soloi may be named after Solois, a companion of Theseus, who married the amazon Antiope. The amazon on the coin may well be Antiope. (Mayor, 264-265)
Blindado
MariusFundania1Denarius.jpg
0aa Caius Marius40 viewsC. Fundanius, moneyer
101-91 BC

Denarius

Helmeted head of Roma right, control-mark C behind

"Triumphator" (Marius) in quadriga right, holding laurel-branch and staff; a rider sits on near horse, holding laurel-branch, Q above, C FVNDAN in exergue

The reverse shows Marius as triumphator in the quadriga. He holds sceptre and laurel branch. On one of the horses rides his son. The children of the triumphator were - according to tradition - allowed to share the triumph of their father. The Q above refers to the office as quaestor the mintmaster held while minting these coins. FORVM Ancient Coins says of a similar piece, "The reverse refers to Marius triumph after victories over the Cimbri and Teutones. The rider on the near horse is Marius's son, at that time eight years old." Andrew McCabe comments, "The Triumphator on the Fundania denarius is usually taken to be Marius, with his young son on horseback. This would make it the first Roman coin to explicitly portray a living Roman politician. "

Seaby Fundania 1

Marius rose from common origins to become the First Man in Rome. Plutarch in his Life writes: There is a likeness of Marius in stone at Ravenna, in Gaul, which I myself saw quite corresponding with that roughness of character that is ascribed to him. Being naturally valiant and warlike, and more acquainted also with the discipline of the camp than of the city, he could not moderate his passion when in authority. . . . He was born of parents altogether obscure and indigent, who supported themselves by their daily labour; his father of the same name with himself, his mother called Fulcinia. He had spent a considerable part of his life before he saw and tasted the pleasures of the city; having passed previously in Cirrhaeaton, a village of the territory of Arpinum, a life, compared with city delicacies, rude and unrefined, yet temperate, and conformable to the ancient Roman severity. He first served as a soldier in the war against the Celtiberians, when Scipio Africanus besieged Numantia; where he signalized himself to his general by courage far above his comrades, and particularly by his cheerfully complying with Scipio's reformation of his army, being almost ruined by pleasures and luxury. It is stated, too, that he encountered and vanquished an enemy in single combat, in his general's sight. In consequence of all this he had several honours conferred upon him; and once when at an entertainment a question arose about commanders, and one of the company (whether really desirous to know, or only in complaisance) asked Scipio where the Romans, after him, should obtain such another general, Scipio, gently clapping Marius on the shoulder as he sat next him, replied, "Here, perhaps. . . ."

The consul Caecilius Metellus, being declared general in the war against Jugurtha in Africa took with him Marius for lieutenant; where, eager himself to do great deeds and services that would get him distinction, he did not, like others, consult Metellus's glory and the serving his interest, and attributing his honour of lieutenancy not to Metellus, but to fortune, which had presented him with a proper opportunity and theatre of great actions, he exerted his utmost courage. . . . Marius thus employed, and thus winning the affections of the soldiers, before long filled both Africa and Rome with his fame, and some, too, wrote home from the army that the war with Africa would never be brought to a conclusion unless they chose Caius Marius consul. . . .He was elected triumphantly, and at once proceeded to levy soldiers contrary both to law and custom, enlisting slaves and poor people; whereas former commanders never accepted of such, but bestowed arms, like other favours, as a matter of distinction, on persons who had the proper qualification, a man's property being thus a sort of security for his good behavior. . . .

[In Marius' fourth consulship,] The enemy dividing themselves into two parts, the Cimbri arranged to go against Catulus higher up through the country of the Norici, and to force that passage; the Teutones and Ambrones to march against Marius by the seaside through Liguria. . . . The Romans, pursuing them, slew and took prisoners above one hundred thousand, and possessing themselves of their spoil, tents, and carriages, voted all that was not purloined to Marius's share, which, though so magnificent a present, yet was generally thought less than his conduct deserved in so great a danger. . . . After the battle, Marius chose out from amongst the barbarians' spoils and arms those that were whole and handsome, and that would make the greatest show in his triumph; the rest he heaped upon a large pile, and offered a very splendid sacrifice. Whilst the army stood round about with their arms and garlands, himself attired (as the fashion is on such occasions) in the purple-bordered robe, and taking a lighted torch, and with both hands lifting it up towards heaven, he was then going to put it to the pile, when some friends were espied with all haste coming towards him on horseback. Upon which every one remained in silence and expectation. They, upon their coming up, leapt off and saluted Marius, bringing him the news of his fifth consulship, and delivered him letters to that effect. This gave the addition of no small joy to the solemnity; and while the soldiers clashed their arms and shouted, the officers again crowned Marius with a laurel wreath, and he thus set fire to the pile, and finished his sacrifice.
Blindado
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
Sulla_L_Manlius_den.jpg
0ab Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix23 viewsL Manlivs, moneyer
82-72 BC

Denarius

Head of Roma, right, MANLI before, PRO Q behind
Sulla in walking quadriga, crowned by Victory, L SVLLA IM in ex.

Seaby, Manlia 4

Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (c. 138 BC – 78 BC) was a Roman general and conservative statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla was awarded a grass crown, the most prestigious and rarest Roman military honor, during the Social War. He was the first man to lead an army to Rome to settle a political dispute, in this case with Marius. In late 81 BC, he stunned the world by resigning his near-absolute powers, restoring constitutional government. After seeing election to and holding a second consulship, he retired to private life and died shortly after.

As to the person, Plutarch wrote: LUCIUS Cornelius Sylla was descended of a patrician or noble family. . . . His general personal appearance may be known by his statues; only his blue, eyes, of themselves extremely keen and glaring, were rendered all the more forbidding and terrible by the complexion of his face, in which white was mixed with rough blotches of fiery red. . . . And when supreme master of all, he was often wont to muster together the most impudent players and stage-followers of the town, and to drink and bandy jests with them without regard to his age or the dignity of his place, and to the prejudice of important affairs that required his attention. When he was once at table, it was not in Sylla's nature to admit of anything that was serious, and whereas at other times he was a man of business and austere of countenance, he underwent all of a sudden, at his first entrance upon wine and good-fellowship, a total revolution, and was gentle and tractable with common singers and dancers, and ready to oblige any one that spoke with him. It seems to have been a sort of diseased result of this laxity that he was so prone to amorous pleasures, and yielded without resistance to any temptation of voluptuousness, from which even in his old age he could not refrain. He had a long attachment for Metrobius, a player. In his first amours, it happened that he made court to a common but rich lady, Nicopolis by name, and what by the air of his youth, and what by long intimacy, won so far on her affections, that she rather than he was the lover, and at her death she bequeathed him her whole property. He likewise inherited the estate of a step-mother who loved him as her own son. By these means he had pretty well advanced his fortunes. . . . In general he would seem to have been of a very irregular character, full of inconsistencies with himself much given to rapine, to prodigality yet more; in promoting or disgracing whom he pleased, alike unaccountable; cringing to those he stood in need of, and domineering over others who stood in need of him, so that it was hard to tell whether his nature had more in it of pride or of servility. As to his unequal distribution of punishments, as, for example, that upon slight grounds he would put to the torture, and again would bear patiently with the greatest wrongs; would readily forgive and he reconciled after the most heinous acts of enmity, and yet would visit small and inconsiderable offences with death and confiscation of goods; one might judge that in himself he was really of a violent and revengeful nature, which, however, he could qualify, upon reflection, for his interest.
Blindado
IMGP0126Osr1brcombo.jpg
0sroes I., 109 - 129 AD44 viewsAE15, 3,50gr., 14,8mm;
Sellw. 80.12-15var., Shore 623;
mint: Seleukia, axis : 14h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/diadem, loop, and 4 ribbons; hair in side bun w/concentric curls, top bun off flan, mustache, long pointed beard; 2-layer necklace; traces of letters in left field; dotted border 4-11:30h;
rev.: goddess, right, w/turreted crown; large tuft of hair in the back; dotted border 7 - 10h;

ex: Vienna Coin Show, VA.
Schatz
2750063-1.jpg
1) Julius Caesar22 viewsIMPERATORIAL ROME
Julius Caesar
AR Denarius (16mm, 2.97 g, 11h)
42 BC. Posthumous issue. Rome mint. L. Mussidius Longus, moneyer.

Laureate head right / Rudder, cornucopia on globe, winged caduceus, and flamen’s cap.

Crawford 494/39b; CRI 116; Sydenham 1096c; RSC 29. Fine, porous, bankers’ marks on obverse.

Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Stack’s (3 December 1996), lot 769.

Ex CNG
RM0008
1 commentsSosius
Clodius_Den_-_Crawford_494_23_-_sm2.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Clodius54 viewsP. Clodius M.f. Turrinus
42 B.C. AR denarius (19.4 mm, 3.51 g, 2 h). Rome.
Laureate head of Apollo right; lyre behind / ·M·F·, P·CLODIVS, Diana Lucifera standing right, holding two long torches.
Crawford 494/23; CRI 184; Sydenham 1117; RSC 15. gFine.
Ex Agora Auctions #1 - Nov 2013
3 commentsSosius
Elagabalus-RIC-140.jpg
10. Elagabalus.22 viewsDenarius, 218 - 219 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: SALVS . ANTONINI . AVG / Salus standing, feeding snake held in her arms.
2.96 gm., 19 mm
RIC #140.

At this time in Roman history, people were already looking back to the reigns of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius as a Golden Age. Later emperors wanted to be associated with them, and to that end Septimius Severus adopted himself into the Antonine Dynasty. His son Caracalla assumed the name Antoninus as his official name, as did Elagabalus. The reverse of this coin pictures Salus, the goddess of good health and well-being. The legend expresses the wish, roughly translated, "Long live the Antonine Emperors."
1 commentsCallimachus
Laszlo-I_(1077-1095_AD)_U-022_C1-033_H-027_Q-001_1h_19,5mm_0,82g-s.jpg
10.08. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.08./a1c1.01./27., H-027, CNH I.-033, U-022, #01223 views10.08. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.08./a1c1.01./27., H-027, CNH I.-033, U-022, #01
avers: LADIꙄLAVꙄ REX, Three long crosses in a circle of dots with dots in the middle and at the bottom, the border of dots.
reverse: LADISLAVS REX, Cross in a circle; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 0,80 g, axis: 11h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-027, CNH I.-033, Unger-022,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 10.08./a1c1.01./27.,
Q-001
quadrans
Laszlo-I,_(1077-1095_AD),_CÁC_I__10_08_-a3_02_-08_,_H-027,_C1-033,_U-022,_Q-001,_0h,_19mm,_0,79g-s.jpg
10.08. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.08./a3.02./08., H-027, CNH I.-033, U-022, #0163 views10.08. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.08./a3.02./08., H-027, CNH I.-033, U-022, #01
avers: LADIꙄLAVꙄ REX, Three long crosses in a circle of dots with dots in the middle and at the bottom, the border of dots.
reverse: LADISLAVS REX, Cross in a circle; border of line.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 0,79 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-027, CNH I.-033, Unger-022,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 10.08./a3.02./08.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Laszlo-I_(1077-1095_AD)_U-023_C1-034_H-028_Q-001_1h_16,5mm_0,51g-s.jpg
10.09. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.09./a1.02./03., H-028, CNH I.-034, U-023, #0199 views10.09. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.09./a1.02./03., H-028, CNH I.-034, U-023, #01
avers: +LADIꙄLAVꙄ RE, Long cross between two smaller ones with dots in the middle and at the bottom, small circles on each side of the large cross; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5mm, weight: 0,51 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-028, CNH I.-034, Unger-023,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 10.09./a1.02./03.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Laszlo-I_(1077-1095_AD)_U-023_C1-034_H-028_Q-002_h_16,2mm_g-s.jpg
10.09. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.09./a2.04./09., H-028, CNH I.-034, U-023, #01154 views10.09. László I., "St. Ladislaus !", King of Hungary, (1077-1095 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 10.09./a2.04./09., H-028, CNH I.-034, U-023, #01
avers: +LADIꙄLAVꙄ RE, Long cross between two smaller ones with dots in the middle and at the bottom, small circles on each side of the large cross; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,2mm, weight: 0,60 g, axis: 10h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-028, CNH I.-034, Unger-023,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 10.09./a2.04./09.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
029.JPG
100 Titus82 viewsF/Fair, 3.002g, 18.2mm, 180o, Rome mint, as Caesar, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate head right; reverse NEP RED, Neptune standing left, foot on globe, acrostolium in right and scepter in left.

RIC II Vesp 155, Cohen 121, RIC 366 ex Forvm

"Titus was the very popular victor of the Judean rebellion. He ruled during the eruption of Vesuvius. Titus once complained he had lost a day because twenty-four hours passed without his bestowing a gift. He was, however, generous to a fault. Had he ruled longer, he might have brought bankruptcy and lost hist popularity."

This coin gives thanks to Neptune for the safe return of Titus after the Jewish War.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
coin218.JPG
102. Trajan40 viewsTrajan

Hadrian saw to it that Trajan received all customary honors: the late emperor was declared a divus, his victories were commemorated in a great triumph, and his ashes were placed in the base of his column. Trajan's reputation remained unimpaired, in spite of the ultimate failure of his last campaigns. Early in his principate, he had unofficially been honored with the title optimus, "the best," which long described him even before it became, in 114, part of his official titulature. His correspondence with Pliny enables posterity to gain an intimate sense of the emperor in action. His concern for justice and the well-being of his subjects is underscored by his comment to Pliny, when faced with the question of the Christians, that they were not to be sought out, "nor is it appropriate to our age."

Denarius. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right / P M TR P COS II P P, Vesta seated left, veiled, holding patera & torch. RSC 203.
1 commentsecoli
A-05_Rep_AR-Den_Q_Minucius-M_f_Thermus_Helm-Head-Mars-l__Victory_in_biga-r_-ex-Q_THERM_MF_Crawford-319-1_Syd-592_Rome_103-BC_Q-001_4h_18,5-20mm_3,74g-s.jpg
103 B.C., Q.Minucius-M.f.Thermus (103 B.C.) AR-Denarius, Crawford 209/1, Rome, Q•THERM•MF, Roman soldier fighting,98 views103 B.C., Q.Minucius-M.f.Thermus (103 B.C.) AR-Denarius, Crawford 209/1, Rome, Q•THERM•MF, Roman soldier fighting,
avers: Helmeted Head of Mars left (helmet has long crest and plumbe on each side). The border of dots.
reverse: Roman soldier fighting barbarian soldier in the protection of fallen comrade, in exergue Q•THERM•MF (THE and MF are ligature). The border of dots.
exergue: -/-//Q•THERM•MF, diameter:18,5-20 mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 103 B.C., ref: Crawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, Minucia 19,
Q-001
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Claudius-II__AE-Ant_IMP-CLAVDIVS-PF-AVG_PAX-AVG_T-60_RIC-157_Temp-60_Mediolanum-269-70-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_18-21mm_3,88g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0060 (Estiot), RIC V-I 157, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, PAX-AVG, -/-//T, Pax running left,90 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0060 (Estiot), RIC V-I 157, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, PAX-AVG, -/-//T, Pax running left,
avers:- IMP-CLAVDIVS-PF-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers:- PAX-AVG, Pax running left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Pax4).
exerg: -/-//T, diameter: 18-21 mm, weight: 3,88 g, axes: 5 h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-3, off-3, date: 269-270 A.D., ref: T-0060, RIC V-I 157,
Q-001
quadrans
104_Claudius_II_,_T-0183_(Estiot),_RIC_V-I_98,_Roma,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_CLAVDIVS_AVG,_SALVS_AVG,_iss-1,_off-,_268-9AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18,5-20mm,_3,01g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 098, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//--, Salus standing left, #1147 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-0183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 098, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//--, Salus standing left, #1
avers: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from the rear. (D2).
reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, holding long vertical sceptre in left hand, feeding snake rising from altar from patera held in right hand. (Salus 1).
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, iss-1, off-3 (or 10), date: 268-269 A.D., ref: T-0183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 98,
Q-001
quadrans
coin281.JPG
104. Antoninus Pius37 viewsAntoninus Pius

The long reign of the emperor Antoninus Pius is often described as a period of peace and quiet before the storm which followed and plagued his successor, Marcus Aurelius. In addition to the relative peacefulness, this emperor set the tone for a low-keyed imperial administration which differed markedly from those of his two immediate predecessors, Trajan and Hadrian. Antoninus managed to govern the empire capably and yet with such a gentle hand that he earned the respect, acclaim, and love of his subjects. Antoninus Pius died in March of A.D. 161, after giving the appropriate imperial watchword which so typified his reign, "equanimity". He was soon afterward deified by the Senate.

RI2. Denarius. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIIII, laureate head right / FELIC SAEC COS IIII, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & leaning on short column. RSC 361. RIC 309
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104a. Faustina Sr21 viewsDiva Faustina Sr Denarius.

DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair in bun
AVGVSTA, Ceres standing, head right, holding corn ears & long scepter.
RIC 360, RSC 78.

From the unclean pile
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coin322.JPG
104a. Faustina Sr 23 viewsIn Roman mythology, Pietas was the goddess of duty to one's state, gods and family.

Pietas was also one of the Roman virtues, along with gravitas and dignitas. Pietas is usually translated as "duty" or "devotion," and it simultaneously suggests duty to the gods and duty to family (which is expanded to duty to the community and duty to the state thanks to the analogy between the family and the state, conventional in the ancient world – see, for example, Plato's Crito). Vergil's hero Aeneas embodies this virtue, and is particularly emblematic of it in book II of the Aeneid when he flees burning Troy bearing his father on his back and carrying his household gods.

Faustina Sr Ć As. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right / AETERNITAS, SC in field, Pietas standing left, by altar, right hand raised, holding incense box in left hand.

RIC 1161, Cohen 43, BMC 1558

Check
ecoli
coin219.JPG
105. Marcus Aurelius41 viewsMarcus Aurelius

The joint succession may have been motivated by military exigency. During his reign Marcus Aurelius was almost constantly at war with various peoples outside the Empire. Germanic tribes and other peoples launched many raids along the long European border, particularly into Gaul — Germans, in turn, may have been under attack from more warlike tribes farther east. In Asia, a revitalized Parthian Empire renewed its assault. A highly authoritative figure was needed to command the troops, yet the emperor himself could not defend both fronts at the same time. Neither could he simply appoint a general to lead one assault; earlier popular military leaders like Julius Caesar and Vespasian had used the military to overthrow the existing government and install themselves as supreme leaders.

Marcus Aurelius solved the problem by sending Verus to command the legions in the East. He was authoritative enough to command the full loyalty of the troops, but already powerful enough that he had little incentive to overthrow Marcus. The plan succeeded — Verus remained loyal until his death on campaign in 169. This joint emperorship was faintly reminiscent of the political system of the Roman Republic, which functioned according to the principle of collegiality and did not allow a single person to hold supreme power. Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.

Virtus

In Roman mythology, Virtus was the god of bravery and military strength. His Greek equivalent was Arete. The word, "Virtus" is commonly used in mottos of universities and other entities.

Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar, Denarius. 155-156 AD. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right / TR POT X COS II, Virtus, helmeted, standing left, holding parazonium & spear. RSC 703. RIC 468
ecoli
T-----_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-B1-left_IOVI-STATORI-Jup-1_dot-dot_RIC-333_T-_Cyzicus,_271-AD_Q-001_5h_20-21,5mm_2,44g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !127 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-----, RIC V-I ---, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI, -/-//--, Jupiter standing left, Not in Estiot site !!! Rare !
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed, (B1-left). Two dot under the bust.
revers:- IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Jupiter 1)
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss- ph-, off-, date: 271 (?) A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I ???, Rare!!!, Similar coin in Numismatik Naumann, 6. Sept. 2015, Auction 35, Lot 728,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy002-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,129 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1459, RIC V-I 129, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22,5-25mm, weight: 4,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-3, off-1, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-1459 (Estiot), RIC V-I 129,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ROMAE-AETERNAE_Q_RIC-142_C-xx_Milan_271-72-AD_Q-001_20mm_2,57gx-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,75 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ROMAE AETERNAE, Emperor togate standing right, receiving Victory from Roma seated left on shield holding a long sceptre (or a spear) in left hand. (Emperor and Roma 1)
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,57g, axes: h,
mint: Mediolanum (Milan), iss-4, off-3, date: 271-272. A.D., ref: T-1476 (Estiot), RIC V-I 142,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_Q_RIC-V-I-142-p-RIC-T-1506-off-4-iss-4_272-4-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_3,21g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1506, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETER, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,176 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1506, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETER, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ROMAE AETER, Emperor togate standing right, receiving Victory from Roma seated left on shield holding a long sceptre (or a spear) in left hand. (Emperor and Roma 1)
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 11h,
mint: Mediolanum, off-4, iss-4, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 142, T-1506 (Estiot),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-1882,_Aurelianus,_AE-As,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,__AVG,_retr__Z,_Roma,_RIC_V-I_80,_off-7,_iss-11,_275-AD,_Q-001,_0h,_24-26,4mm,_6,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1882, RIC V-I 080, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//inv. Z, Empress and Emperor, #155 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1882, RIC V-I 080, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//inv. Z, Empress and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, laureate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1*)
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Empress standing right, clasping the hand of Emperor in military dress standing left, holding long scepter in the left hand, between them, radiate and draped bust of Sol right. (Emperor and Empress 3)
exergue: -/-//inv. Z, diameter: 24,0-26,4mm, weight: 6,35g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-7, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-1882 (Estiot), RIC V-I 80,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVATORI_star-P_RIC-V-I-227-p-RIC-T-2078_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271_AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2078, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVATORI, -/-//*P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-IOVI CONSERVATORI, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*P, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-1, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2078 (Estiot), RIC V-I 227,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PAX-A-VGVSTI_Star-T_RIC-V-232-p-RIC-T-2102-3rd-off-iss-4_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #168 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #1
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- PAX A VGVSTI, Pax running left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Pax-4).
exerg: */T//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-3, date: 271. AD., ref: RIC-V-I-232., T-2102 (Estiot), RIC V-I 232, R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PAX-AVGVSTI_(Star)-T_RIC-V-232-p-RIC-T-2102-3rd-off-iss-4_Siscia_271-AD__Q-002_2h_20,5-22mm_2,36g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #263 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2102, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */T//--, Pax running left, #2
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- PAX A VGVSTI, Pax running left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Pax-4).
exerg: */T//--, diameter: 20,5-22mm, weight: 2,36g, axes: 2h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-3, date: 271. AD., ref: RIC-V-I-232., T-2102 (Estiot), RIC V-I 232, R,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PAX-A-VGVSTI_Star-Q_RIC-V-I-232-p-RIC-T-2113-4th-off-iss-4_Siscia_271-AD__Q-001_axis-5h_21,5mm_3,93g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2113, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */Q//--, Pax advancing left, #1176 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2113, RIC V-I 232, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, */Q//--, Pax advancing left, #1
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- PAX A VGVSTI, Pax running left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand. (Pax 4)
exerg: */Q//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,93g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-4, date: 271. A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-232., T-2113 (Estiot), RIC V-I 232, R,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Q-star_RIC-V-I-242-RIC-Temp-2121-4th-off-4th-iss_Siscia_271-AD_Q-001_7h_21-22mm_3,11g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2121, RIC V-I 242, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS MILITVM, -/-//Q*, Virtus and Emperor,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2121, RIC V-I 242, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS MILITVM, -/-//Q*, Virtus and Emperor,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-VIRTVS MILITVM, Virtus standing right, holding Victory on globe in right hand and spear over left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, holding globe in right hand a long sceptre in left hand. (Virtus and Emperor 1)
exerg: -/-//Q*, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,11g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, iss-4, off-4, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2121 (Estiot), RIC V-I 242,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_star-S_RIC-V-I-225-p-RIC-T-2144_off-2_iss-5_Siscia_271-72_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy013-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2109 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2144, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #2
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-2144 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-002
quadrans
Aur-xy001-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,104 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2152, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*T, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-5, off-3, date: 271-272 A.D2,84., ref: T-2152 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-2195,_RIC_V-I_225,_Siscia,_AE-Ant_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_IOVI_CONSER,_star-S,_iss-6,_off_2,_272-74_AD_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_3,06g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #180 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2195, RIC V-I 225, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//*S, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:-IOVI CONSER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//*S, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-2, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: T-2195 (Estiot), RIC V-I 225,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_PACATOR-ORIENTIS_RIC-V-231-RIC-Temp-2211-3rd-off-6th-iss_Siscia_272-274-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22-23,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2211, RIC V-I 231, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PACATOR ORIENTIS, T/*//--, Emperor and captive,214 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2211, RIC V-I 231, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PACATOR ORIENTIS, T/*//--, Emperor and captive,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- PACATOR ORIENTIS, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding long sceptre in right hand and pugio in left hand, trampling with left foot on a bound and std. captive in oriental dress right, head turned left. (Emperor 15)
exerg: T/*//--, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-3, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: RIC-V-231 T-2211 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_(270-275_A_D_),_T-2511,_RIC_V-I_407,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_VIRT(·)MILITVM,_Gamma,_Uncertain_Balkan_mint,_iss-2__ph-1,_off-3,_272-3AD,_Q-001,_h,_22-23,5mm,_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2511, RIC V-I 407, Uncertain Balkan mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Γ, VIRT•MILITVM, Emperor and soldier, #1146 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2511, RIC V-I 407, Uncertain Balkan mint, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Γ, VIRT•MILITVM, Emperor and soldier, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: VIRT•MILI T VM, Soldier standing right, holding spear (or long sceptre) in right hand and globe in left hand, facing Emperor in military dress standing left holding Victory in right hand and transversal spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and soldier 1)
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 22,0-23,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Uncertain Balkan mint, off-3, iss-2, Ph 1, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2511 (Estiot), RIC V-I 407,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Silvered-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-D1_IOVI-CON-SER-1b_P_RIC-V-260var-RIC-T-2559_1-1st-off_1st-iss_Serdica_271-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_21mm_2,95g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!149 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2559.1, RIC V-I 260var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, Extr. Rare!!!
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1b).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,95g, axes: 7h,
mint: Serdica, iss-1, off-1, date: 271. A.D., ref: T-2559.1 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260var, Extr. Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG(G6)_IOVI-C(O)NSER(EJ1c)_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2581_off-2_iss-2_Serdica_271_AD_Q-001_5h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!65 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2581, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI C(O)NSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, Rare!
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (G6)
revers:-IOVI C(O)NSER ("O" missing), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Emperor and Jupiter 1c)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-2, off-2, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2581 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
T-2607_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-P-AVG_IOVI-CON-SER_P_RIC-V-I-264var__p-_T-2607_off-1_iss-4_Serdica_273-74_AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,38g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter, 97 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2607, RIC V-I 264var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//P, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS P AVG D1, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers: IOVI CON SER (1b), Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1c).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-1, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2607 (Estiot), RIC V-I 264var,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2616_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSER_S_RIC-V-I-260-p-T-2616_off-2_iss-4_Siscia_273-74_AD_Q-001_11h_22,5-23,5mm_3,50g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter, 125 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2616, RIC V-I 260, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSER, -/-//S, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, right arm visible (D3).
revers: IOVI CON SER, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (E-J1c).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,50g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-4, off-2, date: 273-274. A.D., ref: T-2616 (Estiot), RIC V-I 260,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_star_KAdot-Gamma-dot_RIC-V-I-Not-in_T-2790_Serdica_274-5AD-Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_21-23mm_3,79g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2790, RIC V-I Not in !!!, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Γ•, Female and Emperor, Rare !!!138 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2790, RIC V-I Not in !!!, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Γ•, Female and Emperor, Rare !!!
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,79g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, off-3, iss-8, phase-2, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-2790 (Estiot), RIC V-I Not in RIC!!!, Very Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2817_106_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-P-AVG_(B1)_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_(EW1)_star_KA_Delta__RIC-V-I-296_T-2817_Serdica_iss-8_ph-2_off-4_274-5-AD_Q-001_5h_21,4-22mm_4,45g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2817, RIC V-I 296, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,94 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2817, RIC V-I 296, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, *//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS P AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right, (B1).
revers: RESTITVT ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand, (Emperor and Woman 1).
exerg: *//KA•Δ•, diameter: 21,4-22mm, weight: 4,45g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, off-4, ph-2, iss-8, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-2817 (Estiot), RIC V-I 296,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-L-DOM-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_()_KAdotDeltadot_RIC-V-I-Not_in-p-T-Not_in_Serdica_273-74-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-24,5mm_3,85ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2819 (star are not visible), RIC V-I 287var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, (*)//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,77 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2819 (star are not visible), RIC V-I 287var., Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, (*)//KA•Δ•, Female and Emperor,
avers: IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long scepter) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: (*)//KA•Δ•, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, off-4, iss-8, ph-2, date: A.D., ref: T- 2819 (star are not visible) (Estiot), RIC V-I 287var.,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORD-MILIT_starCstarP_RIC-V-I-342-RIC-Temp-2949-2nd-off-5th-iss_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_11h_22-23mm_4,35g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*C*, Emperor and Jupiter,65 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, T-2949, RIC V-I 342, Cyzicus, -/-//*C*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed (B1).
revers:- CONCORD MILIT, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand.
exerg: -/-//*C*, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,35g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-5th, off-2nd, date: 272-A.D., ref: T-2949 (Estiot), RIC V-I 342,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_RIC-V-347-p-_T-2966_off-2_iss-6_Ph-2_Cyzicus_272-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2966, RIC V-I 347, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//C*S, Female and Emperor,68 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2966, RIC V-I 347, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//C*S, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT O RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//C*S, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-2, iss-6, phase-2, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-2966 (Estiot), RIC V-I 3347,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVTOR-ORBIS_Star-Gamma_RIC-V-I-349corr_-p-_T-2983_off-3_iss-7_Ph-3_Cyzicus_272-3-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2983, RIC V-I 349corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//*Γ, Female and Emperor,63 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2983, RIC V-I 349corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//*Γ, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT O RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand, between them, small male figure seating on the ground to right, keeps his hands back (Emperor and Woman 1a).
exerg: -/-//*Γ, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 2,96g, axes: 7h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-3, iss-7, phase-3, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2983 (Estiot), RIC V-I 349corr,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus,_T-2984,_RIC_V-I_349corr_,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVTOR_ORBIS,_sztar-Delta,_iss-7,_off-4,_272-3,_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_20-21,5mm,_3,34g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2984, RIC V-I 349corr., Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//*Δ, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor, #1113 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2984, RIC V-I 349corr., Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//*Δ, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand, between them, small male figure kneeling (or seating on the ground) to right raising arms. (Emperor and Woman 1a)
exergue: -/-//*Δ, diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 3,34g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-7, off-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-2984 (Estiot), RIC V-I 349corr.,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy009-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2992, RIC V-I 368corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//ΓC, Female and Emperor,132 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2992, RIC V-I 368corr, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR ORBIS, -/-//ΓC, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//ΓC, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,83g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-3, iss-8, date: 273-274 A.D., ref: T-2992 (Estiot), RIC V-I 368corr,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-EX-ERCITI_B_XXI_RIC-V-I-366_T-3088_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_off-2_275AD_Q-001_1h_21-22,5mm_3,79g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3088, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, B//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #167 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3088, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, B//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR EX ERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long scepter in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1)
exergue: B//XXI, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,79g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-2, iss-10, phase-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-3088 (Estiot), RIC V-I 366,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
106_Aurelianus,_T-3099,_RIC_V-I_366,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_AVRELIANVS_AVG(B1),_RESTITVT_OR_EX_ERCITI(M-E1)_E_XXI,_iss-10,_ph-2,_off-5,_275_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22,5mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3099, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Є//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #165 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3099, RIC V-I 366, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Є//XXI, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITV TOR EX ERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long scepter in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1)
exergue: Є//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,08g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, off-5, iss-10, phase-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: T-3099 (Estiot), RIC V-I 366, LV 10761-73,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3137,_106_Aurelianus_RIC_V-I_386,_Antioch,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVT_ORBIS,_A,_iss-4,_off-1,_272-3,_AD__Q-001,_0h,_21mm,_3,75g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3137, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//A, Female, and Emperor,89 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3137, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//A, Female, and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: -/-//A, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, off-1, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3137 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3148,_106_Aurelianus_RIC_V-I_386,_Antioch,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_RESTITVT_ORBIS,_E,_iss-4,_off-5,_272-3,_AD__Q-001,_0h,_22mm,_3,25g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3148, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//Є, Female, and Emperor,77 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3148, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, -/-//Є, Female, and Emperor,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: RESTITVT OR BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in the left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exergue: -/-//Є, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, off-5, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3148 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVTdotO-RBIS_Z_RIC-V-386-p-_T-3152_off-7_iss-4_Antioch_272-3-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3152, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT•ORBIS, -/-//Z, Female and Emperor,87 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3152, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT•ORBIS, -/-//Z, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT•O-RBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: -/-//Z, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,85g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, off-7, iss-4, date: 272-273 A.D., ref: T-3152 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3180_Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-OR-BIS_Z_XXI_RIC-V-I-386_T-3180_Antioch_iss-5_off-7_274-5_AD_Q-001_5h_21,3-22,4mm_3,68g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3180, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, Z//XXI, Female and Emperor,108 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3180, RIC V-I 386, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT ORBIS, Z//XXI, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT ORBIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: Z//XXI, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,68g, axes: 5h,
mint: Antioch, off-7, iss-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-3180 (Estiot), RIC V-I 386,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3227_Aurelianus-AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_RESTITVT-ORdotBIS_star_XXI_RIC-V-I-389_T-3227_Tripolis_iss-3_off-2_274_AD_Q-001_6h_21,8-24,2mm_3,45g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3227, RIC V-I 389, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT OR•BIS, *//KA, Female and Emperor,119 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-3227, RIC V-I 389, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, RESTITVT OR•BIS, *//KA, Female and Emperor,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- RESTITVT OR •BIS, Female figure standing right, crowning Emperor in military dress standing left, holding spear (or long sceptre) in left hand. (Emperor and Woman 1)
exerg: *//KA, diameter: 21,8-24,2mm, weight: 3,45g, axes: 6h,
mint: Tripolis, off-2, iss-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: T-3227 (Estiot), RIC V-I 389, LV 10828,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-001_7h_17,5-19,5mm_1,72g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #1155 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 17,5-19,5mm, weight: 1,72g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-002_7h_18,8-19,5mm_2,44g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #2151 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18,8-19,5mm, weight:2,44g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1857_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_Rome_11-iss_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-003_0h_18-19mm_1,78ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #3136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #3
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-FELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 1,78g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-003
quadrans
Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_VENVS-FELIX___RIC-6_RIC-T-1857_C-_Rome_3rd-off_275-AD__Q-007_0_18,5mm_1,78g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #4106 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1857 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//Γ, Venus standing left, #4
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-FELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: g, axes: 0
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1857 (Estiot), C-,
Q-004
quadrans
T-1861_107_Severina_AE-Denar-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_VENVS-F-ELIX_E_RIC-6_RIC-T-1861_Rome_11-iss_5-off_275-AD_Q-001_6h_18,6-19,6mm_1,77g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1861 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//E, Venus standing left, #1150 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1861 (Estiot), RIC V-I 006, Rome, AE-Denar, VENVS FELIX, -/-//E, Venus standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. (E2*)
revers:- VENVS-F-ELIX, Venus standing left, holding unidentified object (perfume box, apple?) in right hand and long sceptre in left hand. (Venus 9)
exerg: -/-//E, diameter: 18,6-19,6mm, weight: 1,77g, axes:6h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-6, T-1861 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
NicIIIDOI.jpg
1078-1081 AD - Nicephorus III (Botaniates) - Anonymous Follis, Class I11 viewsEmperor: Nicephorus III (Botaniates) (r. 1078-1081 AD)
Date: 1078-1081 AD
Condition: Fine
Denomination: Anonymous Follis, Class I

Obverse: No legend
Bust of Christ facing, having long, slightly forked beard and cross nimbus with one pellet in each arm, wearing tunic and himation; right hand blessing inwards in sling of cloak, left holds book, with on cover, from beneath. In field, - .

Reverse: No legend
Latin cross with one large and two small pellets at each extremity, small cross at intersection, and pellet with floral ornaments to left and right at base. Above, crescents to left and right.

DO I; Sear 1889
5.13g; 22.9mm; 195°
Pep
IMG_1446.JPG
108b. Didia Clara8 viewsDidia Clara. Augusta, AD 193. Ć Sestertius. Rome mint. Draped bust right / Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm branch set on ground and cornucopia. RIC IV 20 (Didius); Banti 1. Fair.ecoli
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-030_C1-042_H-034_Q-005_9h_10,2mm_0,32g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./a1b1.03./76., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01242 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./a1b1.03./76., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,32 g, axis: 9h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./a1b1.03./76.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-030_C1-042_H-034_Q-001_7h_10,2mm_0,32g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./a3.03./23., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #0184 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./a3.03./23., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,32 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./a3.03./23.,
Q-001
quadrans
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-030_C1-042_H-034_Q-002_1h_10,4mm_0,37g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b1.07./34., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #0171 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b1.07./34., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,4 mm, weight: 0,36 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./b1.07./34.,
Q-001
quadrans
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-030_C1-042_H-034_Q-003_0h_10,7mm_0,39g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b1.07./34., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #02201 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b1.07./34., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #02
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,7 mm, weight: 0,39 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./b1.07./34.,
Q-002
quadrans
Kalman_(1095-1116)_U-030_C1-042_H-034_Q-004_0h_10,5mm_0,31g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b2.04./40., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01178 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./b2.04./40., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,2 mm, weight: 0,32 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./b2.04./40.,
Q-001
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Kalman_(1095-1116),__CÁC_I__11_5_-c1_3-51,_H-034,_C1-042,_U-030,_Q-001,_7h,_10,5mm,_0,46g-s.jpg
11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./c1.03./51., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #0190 views11.05. Kálmán., (Koloman the Bibliophile) King of Hungary, (1095-1116 A.D.), AR-Denarius, CÁC I. 11.05./c1.03./51., H-034, CNH I.-042, U-030, #01
avers: +CAL MAN, Three long crosses with dots in the middle and at the bottom; border of dots.
reverse: +LADISLAVS RE, Cross in a circle with wedges in the angles; line border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5 mm, weight: 0,46 g, axis: 7h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-034, CNH I.-042, Unger-030,
Tóth-Kiss-Fekete: CÁC I.(Catalog of Árpadian Coinage I./Opitz I.), Privy-Mark/Szigla: 11.05./c1.03./51.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A)_PAX-PVBLICA-(P1)_Q_T-3253_RIC-45_Lugdunum_emiss-1__275-AD_Q-001_1h_22mm_3,60g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3253, RIC V-I 045, Lugdunum, AE-Antoninianus, PAX PVBLICA, -/-//--, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #1207 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3253, RIC V-I 045, Lugdunum, AE-Antoninianus, PAX PVBLICA, -/-//--, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers: PAX-PVBLICA, Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand. (Pax 1.)
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,60g, axes: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, 1st. issue, date: 275AD., ref: RIC-45., T-(Estiot)-33253, C-, LV 1068-79,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3314,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_CL_TACITVS_AVG_(D1),_TEMPORVM_FELICITAS_(F1),_RIC_V-I_65,_Lugdunum,_iss-5,_off-4,_276_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_21-22mm,_4,20g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3314, RIC V-I 061, Lugdunum, AE-Antoninianus, TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Δ/A//--, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #175 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3314, RIC V-I 061, Lugdunum, AE-Antoninianus, TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Δ/A//--, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers: MP CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: TEMPORVM FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, holding long-handled caduceus in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand. (Felicitas 1).
exergue: Δ/A//--, diameter: 21,0-22,0mm, weight: 4,20g, axes: 7h,
mint: Lugdunum, 4th.issue, 4th.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC V-I 65., T-(Estiot)-3314, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3365,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_AVG_(D1),MART_I_P_ACIF_(M1c),_S,_RIC-145,_iss-1,_off-2,_Ticinum_275_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21,5mm,_3,32g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3365, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 1h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 275 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3365, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-3366_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-145_T-3366_iss-1_off_2_Ticinum-275-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3366, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Mars left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand. (Mars 1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss.-1., off.-2., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3366, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3377_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FELICIT-TEMP-(Felic5)_V_RIC-temp-3377_RIC-140_Ticinum-iss-1_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22,5mm_4,02g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3377, RIC V-I 140, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, FELICIT TEMP, -/-/V, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3377, RIC V-I 140, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, FELICIT TEMP, -/-/V, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FELICIT-TEMP, Felicitas stg. l., holding short-handled caduceus in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand, (Fe5).
exerg: -/-/V, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, .issue-1, .off-5., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-140, T-(Estiot)-3377,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3408_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_T-3408_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-0017h_21,5-23mm_3,75g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #198 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3408, RIC V-I 145, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1., Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 7h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 145, T-(Estiot)-3408, LV 1565-604,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3413_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-P-F-AVG-(D1l)_MART-I-P-ACIF-(M1c)_S_RIC-temp-3413_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_3,77g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #172 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3413, RIC V-I ???, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//S, Bust-D1.left, Mars advancing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1l.).
reverse: MART I P ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding an olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, (M1c).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,77g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-3413, LV 1605,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_PROVIDE-AVG-(Prov1)_Q_RIC-152_T-3434_iss-2_off-4_Ticinum_276-AD_Q-001_5h_22,5mm_4,28ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3434, RIC V-I 152, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-//Q, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #181 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3434, RIC V-I 152, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-//Q, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- PROVIDE-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Prov1).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,28g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, issue-2., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-152, T-(Estiot)-3434,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3442_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FELICIT-TEMP-(F5)_V_RIC-T-3442_iss-2_off-5_Ticinum-276-AD_Q-001_6h_22-22,5mm_3,55g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3442, RIC V-I 140, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, FELICIT TEMP, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3442, RIC V-I 140, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, FELICIT TEMP, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FELICIT-TEMP, Felicitas stg. l., holding short-handled caduceus in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand, (Fe5).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,55g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, .issue-2, .off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-140, T-(Estiot)-3442,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SALVS-AVG-(S1)_XXI-A(or-Delta)_RIC-temp-3702_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_3,55g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3493, RIC V-I 093var, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//XXIΔ, Bust-D1, Salus standing left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3493, RIC V-I 093var, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//XXIΔ, Bust-D1, Salus standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, holding long vertical sceptre in left hand, feeding snake rising from altar from patera held in right hand. (Salus 1)
exergue: -/-//XXIΔ, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,55g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, 2nd.issue, 4th.off., date: 275 AD., ref: RIC-093var., T-(Estiot)-3493, C-, LV 128-51,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3548,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_AVG(D1),_SALVS_AVG(S1),_XXIDelta,_RIC_93corr_,_Rome,_iss-3,_off-4,_276_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22mm,_3,58g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3548, RIC V-I 093corr., Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//XXIΔ, Bust-D1, Salus standing left, #163 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3548, RIC V-I 093corr., Rome, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, -/-//XXIΔ, Bust-D1, Salus standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, holding long vertical scepter in left hand, feeding snake rising from altar from patera held in right hand, (Salus 1).
exergue: -/-//XXIΔ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, off-4, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-I. 93corr.., T-(Estiot)-3548, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3576_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_CLENTIA-TEMP-(Cl1)_XXI-Z_RIC-84_T-3576_iss-3_off-7_Rome-276-AD_Q-001_1h_20,5-22,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3576, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-B1, Clementia standing left, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3576, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-B1, Clementia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. B1
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20,5-22,5 mm, weight: 3,31g, axes: 1h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3576, C-, LV 1068-79,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,23g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-002_6h_22,5-23,5mm_4,57g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #272 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,57g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-002
quadrans
T-3639_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_FELICITAS-SAECVLI-(Fel6)_P_RIC-138_BNC-p-369_T-3639_Siscia-iss-2-off-1_275-6-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-22,5mm_3,90ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3639, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #190 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3639, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers: FELICITAS-SAECVLI, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-1., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-138var., T-(Estiot)-3639, BNC-p-369,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3651_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_PAX-A-VGVSTI-(P1)_Q_RIC-temp-3651_Siscia_276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-23mm_3,74g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3651, RIC V-I 186var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, -/Q//--, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #161 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3651, RIC V-I 186var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, -/Q//--, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
revers: PAX-A-VGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand. (Pax1).
exerg: -/Q//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,74g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-4., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-186var., T-(Estiot)-3651, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_FELICITAS-S-AECVLI-(Fel-6)_V_RIC-138corr_T-3656_Siscia_iss-2-off-V__275-6-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23,5mm_3,99ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3656, RIC V-I 135corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3656, RIC V-I 135corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. D1.
revers:- FELICITA-S-SAECVLI, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,86g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-5., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-138corr., T-(Estiot)-3656, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3657,_Tacitus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_CL_TACITVS_P_AVG,_FELICITAS_SAECVLI,_V,_Ric-138var,Sis,iss2-off5,275-6,_Q-001,_h,_22mm,_g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3657, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1l.sleeve, Felicitas standing left, Rare!117 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3657, RIC V-I 138var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS SAECVLI, -/-//V, Bust-D1l.sleeve, Felicitas standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, with right sleeve raised. (D1left,sleeve).
revers: FELICITAS SAECVLI, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21,5-22,0mm, weight: 2,86g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, issue-2., off-5., date: 275-276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-138var., T-(Estiot)-3657, BNC-1744, Rare!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3702_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_PAX-A-VGVSTI-(P1)_Q_XXI_RIC-temp-3702_Siscia_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-23,5mm_4,19g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3702, RIC V-I 186, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, -/Q//XXI, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #161 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3702, RIC V-I 186, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, -/Q//XXI, Bust-D1, Pax standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
revers: PAX-A-VGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand. (Pax1).
exerg: -/Q//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,19g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, issue-3., Phase-2, off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-186, T-(Estiot)-3702, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_ROMAE-AETERNAE-(R2c)_XXI-Q_RIC-temp-3750_iss-4_off-4_Siscia_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22-22,5mm_3,25ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3750, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//XXIQ, Bust-B1, Roma seated left, Rare!88 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3750, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//XXIQ, Bust-B1, Roma seated left, Rare!
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. B1.
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated left, shield leaning against throne, holding Victory in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. Roma 2c.
exerg: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 4th.issue, 4th.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-???.,T-(Estiot)-3750, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
T-3758_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_ROMAE-AETERNAE-(R2c)_XXI-V_RIC-temp-3758_Siscia_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22,5-23,5mm_3,90g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3758, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//XXIV, Bust-B1, Roma seated left, Rare! #179 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3758, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//XXIV, Bust-B1, Roma seated left, Rare! #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. B1.
revers:- ROMAE-AETERNAE, Roma seated left, shield leaning against throne, holding Victory in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. Roma 2c.
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,90g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th.issue, 5th.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-???.,T-(Estiot)-3758, C-, LV 2314, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FELICITA-S-AVG-(F6)_S_RIC-temp-3786_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_11h_21mm_3,86g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3786, RIC V-I 135corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #171 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3786, RIC V-I 135corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Felicitas left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. D1.
revers:- FELICITA-S-AVG, Felicitas stg. l., holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,86g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-135corr., T-(Estiot)-3786, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3787_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_FELICITA-S-AVG-(F6)_S_RIC-temp-3787_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22,5mm_3,32g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3787, RIC V-I 135var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3787, RIC V-I 135var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- FELICITA-S-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,32g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-135corr., T-(Estiot)-3787, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_PROVIDE-AVG-(P1)_Q_RIC-152corr__T-3825_Siscia_iss-5_off-4_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_4,03g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3825, RIC V-I 152, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-//Q, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1148 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3825, RIC V-I 152, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-//Q, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- PROVIDE-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Prov1).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 4,03g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-152corr., T-(Estiot)-3825,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3827_1_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FELICIT-AS-AVG-(F6)_V_RIC-T-3827_1_iss-5_off_5_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #166 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3827.1, RIC V-I 130var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FELICIT-AS-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-130var., T-(Estiot)-3827.1, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3828_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_FELICITAS-AVG-(F6)_V_RIC-temp-3828_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_11h_21-23mm_3,23g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3828, RIC V-I 135var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3828, RIC V-I 135var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Felicitas left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- FELICITA-S-AVG, Felicitas stg. l., holding patera over small altar in r. hand and long-handled caduceus in l. hand, (Fe6).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, issue-5., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-135var., T-(Estiot)-3828, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3836_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG_MART-I-P-ACIF_V_RIC-145_Siscia-5th-issue_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22,5mm_4,80ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #161 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3836, RIC V-I 145, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, MARTI PACIF, -/-//V, Bust-B1, Mars in military dress walking left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1).
revers:- MART-I-P-ACIF, Mars in military dress walking left, holding olive branch in r. hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in l. hand. (Mars 1c).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,80g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 5th.issue, date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-145., T-(Estiot)-3836, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3899_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_COSERVAT-MILIT-(ME-1)_A_KA_RIC-191corr_off-1_iss-2_T-3899_Serdica_276_AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3899, RIC V-I 191corr, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT MILIT, A//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONSERVAT-MILIT, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (MarsEmp1).
exerg: A//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight:4,22g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-191corr., T-(Estiot)-3899, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T----_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CONSERVATOR-M-ILITVM-(ME1)_KA_RIC-temp----_Cyzicus_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-23mm_4,20g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3986.1 (?), RIC V-I , Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVATOR MILITVM, -/-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, 99 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3986.1 (?), RIC V-I , Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVATOR MILITVM, -/-//KA, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor,
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
reverse: CONSERVATOR-MILITVM, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (MarsEmp1).
exergue: -/-//KA, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight:4,20g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-3986.1 ???, Not in the Estiot this avers legend/reverse variation !!! , C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-4002_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(VE2)_Epsilon_KA_RIC-temp-4002_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_11h_22,5mm_3,87g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4002, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, E//KA, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4002, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, E//KA, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: E//KA, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-1., off-5., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208, T-(Estiot)-4002,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(Vict-Emp-2)_P_RIC-V-I-208_T-4024-(Estiot)_iss-3_off-1_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_0h_24-22mm_4,25g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4024, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #175 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4024, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,25g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208var, T-(Estiot)-4024,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_SPES-PVBLICA-()_Q_RIC-208var_T-4030_Cyzicus_iss-3_off-2_276-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-22,5mm_3,72g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4030, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4030, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208var, T-(Estiot)-4030,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4033_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(ME1)_T_RIC-temp-4032_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_0h_21,5-23mm_3,95g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4032, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #176 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4032, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D1, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress standing right, holding the spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand. (Mars and Emperor 1).
exergue: -/-//T, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,95g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-4032, C-, LV 2421-2,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-4033_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D2)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(ME1)_T_RIC-temp-4033_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_1h_21,5mm_3,84g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4033, RIC V-I ???, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//T, Bust-D2, Mars and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from the rear. (D2).
reverse: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Mars in military dress stg. r., holding the spear in l. hand, giving globe to Emperor stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Mars and Emperor 1).
exergue: -/-//T, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,65g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-??., T-(Estiot)-4033, C-, BNC p.426,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_SPE-S-PVBLICA-(Vict-Emp-2)_V_RIC-V-I-208_T-4049-(Estiot)_iss-3_off-5_Cyzicus-276-AD_Q-001_5h_21mm_3,67g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4049, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4049, RIC V-I 208, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, SPES PVBLICA, -/-//V, Bust-D1, Victory and Emperor, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:-SPE-S-PVBLICA, Victory stg. r., holding wreath in r. hand and palm against l. shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress stg. l., r. hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in l. hand. (Vict-Emp-2).
exerg: -/-//V, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, issue-3., off-5., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-208, T-(Estiot)-4049,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4100_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-TEMP-(EP1d)_Gamma_XXI_T-4100_Antioch_iss-3_off-3_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21,7-22,3mm_4,62g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1120 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4100, RIC V-I 210, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, Γ//XXI, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21,7-22,3mm, weight: 4,62g, axes: 6h,
mint: Antioch, issue-3, off-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-210, T-(Estiot)-4100,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4116_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_CLEMENTIA-T-EMP-(EP1d)_star_KA_RIC-temp-4116_Tripolis_276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_2,92g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-4116, RIC V-I 213, Tripolis, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, *//KA, Bust-D1, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- CLEMENTIA-T-EMP, Emperor in military dress stg. r., holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in l. hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter stg. l., holding long sceptre in l. hand, (EJ1d).
exerg: *//KA, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 2,92g, axes: 5h,
mint: Tripolis, issue-2, off-, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-213, T-(Estiot)-4116,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4147,_111_Florianus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AN_FLORIANVS_AVG,_PROVIDENTIA_AVG,_III,_Bust-D1,_Prov-2b,_RIC_V-I_10,_Lyon,_iss-3,_off-3,_276_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_19,5-22,5mm,_3,4g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4147, RIC V-I 010, Lyon, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-/III, Bust-D1, Providentia standing left, #162 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4147, RIC V-I 010, Lyon, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-/III, Bust-D1, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M AN FLORIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1).
reverse: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton in right hand and long scepter in left hand, at feet to left, globe, (Prov. 2b).
exergue: -/-/III, diameter: 19,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Lyon, iss-3, off-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 010, T-(Estiot)-4147, Bastien 148,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
T-4184_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-M-ANNIVS-FLORIANVS-AVG_PROVIDEN_AVG_STI_Bust-B1,Prov-2b_RIC-V-I-87corr_p-357_Ticinum_iss-2_off-2_276-AD_Rare_Q-001_6h_22-23mm_4,09g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4184, RIC V-I 087corr., Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN AVG, -/-//STI, Bust-B1, Providentia standing left, Rare!, #1133 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4184, RIC V-I 087corr., Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN AVG, -/-//STI, Bust-B1, Providentia standing left, Rare!, #1
avers:- IMP-M-ANNIUS-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, B1.
revers:- PROVIDEN AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton in right hand and long sceptre in left hand, at feet to left, globe
exerg: -/-//STI, diameter: 22,0-23,0mm, weight: 4,09g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-087corr, T-(Estiot)-4184,
Q-001
"2nd. known examlpe on the Estiot's Site"
1 commentsquadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-68_p-360_T-4189_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_23mm_4,02g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #168 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4189, RIC V-I 068, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-MAN-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. (Jupiter-1).
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-68, T-(Estiot)-4189,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-M-ANNIVS-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-CONSERVAT_TTI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-069_p-_T-4190_iss-2_off-3_Ticinum_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22-23,5mm_3,39g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #173 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4190, RIC V-I 069, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI CONSERVAT, -/-//TTI, Bust-B1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-M-ANNIUS-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, B1.
revers:- IOVI-CONSERVAT, Jupiter stg. l., holding thunderbolt in r. hand and long sceptre in l. hand. Jupiter-1.
exerg: -/-//TTI, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd.issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-069, T-(Estiot)-4190,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_FIDES-MILIT_XXI-E_(D2,F6)_RIC-V-I-30_p-_T-4234_Rome_iss_-1_off_-5_276-AD_Q-001_11h_21-21,5mm_3,67g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1170 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: FIDES-MILIT, Fides standing left, holding long sceptre in right hand and transverse standard in left hand, (Fides 6).
exerg: -/-//XXIE, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 110h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 5th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-30, T-(Estiot)-4234,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4250_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_Z_XXI_(D2,Jup-2))_RIC-V-I-32_p-_Rome_iss_-1_off_7_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,29g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, #1116 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4250, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI STATORI,, -/Z//XXI, Bust-D2, Jupiter standing left, Rare !, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding long sceptre in right hand and thunderbolt in left hand. (Jupiter 2).
exerg: -/Z//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4250,
Rare!, Known less than 5 specimen !
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_IOVI-STATORI_XXI-Z_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-32_p-_T-4251_Rome_iss_-1_off_-7_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_20mm_2,91g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #167 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4251, RIC V-I 032, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, IOVI-STATORI, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-D1, Jupiter standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- IOVI-STATORI, Jupiter stg. l., head r., holding long sceptre in r. hand and thunderbolt in l. hand. Jupiter-2.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,91g, axes: 0h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 7th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-32, T-(Estiot)-4251,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4277_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG_P_Bust-D2_Fel-6_RIC-V-I-61_p-360_iss-1_off-1_Siscia_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,06g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4277, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//P, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1109 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4277, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//P, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, D2.
revers: FELICITA-S-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Felicitas 6).
exerg: -/-//P, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,06g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 1st.issue, 1st.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-061, T-(Estiot)-4277,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4300_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG_S_Bust-D2_Fel-6_RIC-V-I-61_p-360_iss-1_off-2_Siscia_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,59g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4300, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1105 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4300, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-//S, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, D2.
revers: FELICITA-S-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Felicitas 6).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,59g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-061, T-(Estiot)-4300,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG_Q_Bust-S2_RIC-V-I-61_p-360_T-4342_Siscia_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,74ga-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4342, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-/Q, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1256 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4342, RIC V-I 061, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-/Q, Bust-D2, Felicitas standing left, Scarce #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, D2.
revers:- FELICITAS-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding patera over small altar in right hand and long-handled caduceus in left hand, (Felicitas 6).
exerg: -/-/Q, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,74g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 1st.issue, 4th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-061, T-(Estiot)-4342,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-4390_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_PROVIDE-AVG_VI_(B1,P1)_RIC-V-I-82corr_Siscia_iss_-1_off_-6_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-23,5mm_3,38g-y-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4390, RIC V-I 82corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-/VI, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1113 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4390, RIC V-I 82corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/-/VI, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, B1.
revers: PROVIDE-AVG, Providentia standing left,holding globe in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, (Providentia 1.).
exerg: -/-/VI, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 3,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 1st.issue, 6th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-82corr., T-(Estiot)-4390,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4412_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG_XXIT_Bust-D1_Fel-1_RIC-V-I-98_p-_Siscia_276-AD_Rare_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_3,74g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4412, RIC V-I 098var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-/XXIT, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, Rare 113 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4412, RIC V-I 098var., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG, -/-/XXIT, Bust-D1, Felicitas standing left, Rare
avers: IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers: FELICITAS-AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding long-handled caduceus in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand. (Felicitas 1).
exerg: -/-/XXIT, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd..issue, 3rd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-098var., T-(Estiot)-4412,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_PROVIDE-AVG_VI_XXI_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-104_p-360_T-4458_Siscia_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_20-22mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4458, RIC V-I 104, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/VI/XXI, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #165 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4458, RIC V-I 104, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDE AVG, -/VI/XXI, Bust-B1, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, B1.
revers:- PROVIDE-AVG, Providentia standing left,holding globe in right hand and long transverse sceptre in left hand, Providentia 1.
exerg: -/VI/XXI, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.issue, 6th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-104, T-(Estiot)-4458,
Q-001
quadrans
111_Florianus,_T-4526,_RIC_V-I_116,_Cyzicus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_FLORIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MILITVM,_P,_iss-1,_off-1,_276AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-24mm,_3,47g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4526, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1155 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4526, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//P, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP FLORIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exergue: -/-//P, diameter: 22,0-24,0mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 1st.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4526,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_1h_23mm_3,40ga-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #169 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #1
avers: IMP FLORIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exergue: -/-//S, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-002_11h_22,5mm_4,29g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #270 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #2
avers:- IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, faceing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstreched nad holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,29g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-002
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4529_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-003_1h_21-23mm_3,79g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #365 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4529, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, and Emperor, #3
avers:- IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, D1.
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, faceing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstreched nad holding long sceptre in left hand, (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 2nd.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4529,
Q-003
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_Q_Bust-C_RIC-V-I-116_p-360_T-4533_Cyzicus_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,96g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #183 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4533, RIC V-I 116, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//Q, Bust-D1, Victory standing right, Emperor #1
avers: IMP-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Victory standing right, holding wreath in right hand and palm against left shoulder, facing Emperor in military dress standing left, right hand outstretched and holding long sceptre in left hand., (Victory and Emperor 2).
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 1st.issue, 4th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-116, T-(Estiot)-4533,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-DEO-ET-DOMINO-PROBO-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_RIC-not_C--_Serdica-4th-emission-extr-rare_Q-001_h_24mm_3,56g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-A, -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, IMP DEO ET DOMINO PROBO AVG, Extr. rare.!129 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II Not in , Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-A, -/-//KA•Γ•, Emperor riding right, IMP DEO ET DOMINO PROBO AVG, Extr. rare.!
Probus (276-282) AE Antoninianus VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Serdica,
"This is a rare coin. I know only 2 other similar coins, both in private hands, none in public collections. One belongs to Philippe Gysen's collection, the other is CNG MBS 69, 8/6/2005, 1699 (the one which appears on Grzegorz's Probus site http://bkgk.powweb.com/probvs/rev-reverses.html ). The three coins appear to share the same pair of dies." by S. Estiot. Many thanks S. Estiot
avers:- IMP-DEO-ET-DOMINO-PROBO-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, diameter: 24mm, weight: 3,56g, axes:6h,
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: Not in RIC !!! extr. rare,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3148,_D-5540,_K-G_112_28,_Alexandria,_Nike,_E-L_right__(year_5),_279-80_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_17,3-18,0mm,_7,15g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3148, D-5540, -/LЄ//--, Nike flying right, #156 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Egypt, Alexandria, Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3148, D-5540, -/LЄ//--, Nike flying right, #1
avers: A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CЄB, Laureated, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Nike, in long chiton, flying right carrying palm and wreath, LЄ in the right field.
exergue: -/LЄ//--, size: 17,3-18,0mm, weight: 7,15g, axes: 0h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 279-280 A.D., LЄ Year 5., ref: Geissen-3148, Dattari-5540, Kapmann-Ganschow-112.28,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_---_A_---_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG-N_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-V-II-686var_Alf_-32avar-No-_Siscia_2nd-emission_277-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3_22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!122 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS INV AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
reverse: FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left by altar, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 686var., (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!),
Q-001
"Thank you for showing this very rare coin reverse FELICITAS AVG(usti) N(ostri), Felicitas holding a long caduceus and a cornucopiae: the draped bust seen from front is unlisted in Alföldi's work on the mint of Siscia under Probus (so ref: Alföldi 32, -), I know it from another coin in a private collection, which shares the same obverse die as yours >> unreferenced coin, two specimens, one obverse die.
The new reverses introduced at that time in the Pannonian mint of Siscia celebrate Probus as "Augustus Noster" (Our Emperor) as the emperor is of Pannonian extraction. The marking which omits the officina number is a clue for an issue of common base aureliani minted parallelly with an imperial donativum in gold.
Very nice coin..S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXI-V_RIC-816var-p-106_Alf-96-No-170_Siscia_282-AD_Bust-and-Offic-NotinRIC_Q-001_axis-0h_22mm_4,00ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0170, -/-//XXIP, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 816, (Bust and officina not in RIC!!!), AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!!154 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0170, -/-//XXIP, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 816, (Bust and officina not in RIC!!!), AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.)
reverse: VIRTVS PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,00g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 816 var, p-106 Bust and officina not in RIC, Alföldi 0096.0170, Rare!!!
Q-001
"- Quadrans' coin (titulature P AVG) is known to me by 2 other examples, both in Paris: one is the coin quoted by Alföldi 96, 170, the other belonged to the collection of the famous epigraphist H.-G. Pflaum, whose collection has been (partly) bought by the Bibliothčque nationale de France. These 3 coins have been struck from the same obverse die." by S. Estiot.
2 commentsquadrans
RI 115b img.jpg
115 - Postumus Ant. - RIC 05856 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus & cornucopiae
Reference(s) – Van Meter 10, RIC 58, RSC 39
maridvnvm
0010-060np_noir.jpg
1163 - D. Junius L.F. Silanus, As113 viewsAs minted in Rome, 91 BC
No legend, Head of Janus
D SILANVS L F, Prow of galley right
12.08 gr
Ref : RCV # 738

The following comment from : http://www.forumancientcoins.com/historia/historia.htm

"Decimus Junius Silanus was the son of M. Junius Silanus, who commanded the army that was defeated by the Germanic Cimbri in Transalpine Gaul.

Decimus was the stepfather of Marcus Brutus, the murderer of Caesar, having married his mother Servilia. He was elected consul in 63 for the following year ; and in consequence of his being consul designatus, he was first asked for his opinion by Cicero in the debate in the senate on the punishment of the Catilinarian conspirators. He was consul 62, with L. Licinius Morena, along with whom he proposed the Lex Licinia Julia".
Potator II
RI_119k_img.jpg
119 - Victorinus - Antoninianus - RIC 06511 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C PI VICTORINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent held in arms
Minted in Southern mint. struck 269 A.D. at mint II
Reference:– RIC 65; Elmer 703; AGK (corr.) 21b

Scarcer with this longer obverse legend
maridvnvm
119_Diocletianus,_Antioch,_RIC_V-II_322,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_P_F_AVG_CONCORDIA_MILI_TVM,_H_XXI,_p-256,_293-5AD_Q-001_0h_21-21,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #199 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Antioch, RIC V-II 322C, AE-Antoninianus, H//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short sceptre or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long sceptre.
exerg: H//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:3,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, date: 293-295 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 322C, p-256,
Q-001
quadrans
119_Diocletianus,_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306A,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM_,_A_XXI_,_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_20,5-22,0mm,_3,84g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1121 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306A, AE-Antoninianus, A//XXI•, CONCORDIA MILITVM•, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI TVM•, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exergue: A//XXI•, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306A, p-253,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
119_Diocletianus_(284-305_A_D_),_Cyzicus,_RIC_V-II_306,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_C_VAL_DIOCLETIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MIL_ITVM,_G_XXI,_p-253,_-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-21,5mm,_4,29g-s.jpg
119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1122 views119 Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC V-II 306C, AE-Antoninianus, Γ//XXI, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor, and Jupiter, #1
avers:- IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI TVM, Emperor standing right, holding short scepter or parazonium, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding long scepter.
exerg: Γ//XXI, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight:4,29g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: A.D., ref: RIC V-II 306C, p-253,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_120f_img.jpg
120 - Tetricus I - Antoninianus - RIC 07210 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C P ESV TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– Fides standing left, holding two standards
Minted in mint II 271/272 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 72; Elmer 782; AGK (corr.) 3d;

Scarcer with this longer obverse legend
maridvnvm
RI_120c_img.jpg
120 - Tetricus I - RIC 080 (Heavy)14 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– HILARITAS AVGG, Hilaritas standing left, holding long branch and cornucopiae
Minted in Mainz or Trier mint 273-274AD
Reference:– RIC 80. Elmer 789. AGK (corr) 4c. Kamp 102.19

19.90 mm, 4.28 gms
maridvnvm
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS-NOB-CAES_SALVIS-AVGG-ET-CAESS-FEL-KART_Gamma_RIC_VI_Carthage_32a_298-299-AD_Q-001_11h_28,5-29,5mm_10,17g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #183 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 032a, AE-1 Follis, SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right. Larger portarit-head.
revers: SALVIS AVG G ET CAES S FEL KART, Carthago standing facing, head left, in long robe, holding fruits in both hands.
exerg: -/-//Γ, diameter: 28,5-29,5mm, weight: 10,17g, axes:11h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298-299 A.D., ref: RIC VI 032a,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_125ai_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC - RIC temp #2671.114 viewsObv:- IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- ORIENS AVG, Mars in military dress stg. right, holding long sceptre in left hand, receiving globe from Sol standing left, holding whip in left hand, resting with right foot on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, head turned right
Minted in Serdica (–/–//XXI(•)P(•)). Issue 7, Phase 2. April – November A.D. 274
Reference:- RIC Unlisted, RIC temp #2671.1 corr. (this coin)

Same reverse die as RIC temp #2672
maridvnvm
RI_125ag_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F16 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3080 (8 ex.).

3.75 gms. 25.15 mm.
maridvnvm
RI_125ai_img~0.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (B//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce). RIC temp #3088 (45 ex.).
maridvnvm
RI_125aj_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC 366 Bust Type F11 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– RESTITVTOR EXERCITI, Mars in military dress standing right, holding spear in left hand, giving globe to Emperor standing left , holding long sceptre in left hand.
Minted in Cyzicus. (E//XXI). early – summer A.D. 275
Reference:– Cohen 206. RIC 366 Bust Type F (Scarce).
maridvnvm
795_P_Hadrian_RPC.JPG
1259 LYDIA, Julia Gordus Pseudo-autonomous AE 20 under Hadrian Męn standing17 viewsReference.
RPC 4, 1259; BMC 5

Obv. ΙƐΡΑ СΥΝΚΛΗΤοc
draped bust of the Senate (youthful), right

Rev. ΓΟΡΔΗΝΩΝ ΙΟΥΛΙΕΩΝ
Męn standing, l., wearing Phrygian cap, holding patera and long sceptre; behind his shoulders, crescent

5.94 gr
20 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
0010-068np_noir.jpg
1296 - C. Postumius, Denarius125 viewsRome mint, 74 BC
Bust of Diana right, bow and quiver above shoulder
Hound running right, C POSTVMI and TA (ligate) at exergue
4.0 gr
Ref : RCV # 330, RSC, Postumia # 9
The only coin here belonging to my wife, because of the greyhound she's had for almost two decades
5 commentsPotator II
RI_130bi_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus22 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (H//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4096
maridvnvm
RI_130bj_img.jpg
130 - Tacitus - RIC 211 Bust Type C - Double Antoninianus14 viewsDouble Antoninianus
Obv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor in military dress standing right, holding short eagle-tipped sceptre in left hand, receiving a globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre in left hand
Minted in Antioch (D//XI) Emission 3, Officina 8. January – June A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 211 Bust Type C. RIC Temp No. 4091
maridvnvm
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)91 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.56 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.34 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
RI_132nu_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 038 var - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (None)12 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks)
Reference:– Cohen 334. RIC 38 var Bust type F (Not listed in RIC without marks). cf Bastien 262 (1 example, Missong collection).

4.33 gms

Bastien only notes one example of this coin type without marks and attributes it to emission 6 and hence a RIC 84 var. This example seems to have an early bust type and to my eyes belongs more to the style of emission 4, and hence the RIC 38 var.
maridvnvm
RI 132ni img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 812 var - Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear shield (Siscia) (P | _ / XXI)25 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Siscia (P in left field, XXI in exe) Emission 7 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference(s) – Alföldi unlisted, would belong to Alföldi type 96, n° -cf. n° 55, which is _ | P, P in left field very unusual. RIC 812 var Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield (not listed in RIC with P in left field.
maridvnvm
0010-069.jpg
1330 - L. Cassius Longinus, Denarius102 viewsRome mint, 63 BC
Veiled bust of Vesta left. Control mark L below chin
LONGIN IIIV, togate citizen standing left, voting
3.93 gr
Ref : RCV # 364, RSC, Cassia # 10, Crawford # 413/1, Sydenham # 935

4 commentsPotator II
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-C-FL-VAL-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-IN-VICTO_A_star_ANT_RIC-VI-167c-p-644_Antioch_312-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_19,5mm_4,88g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!82 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:- SOLI IN VICTO, Sol, rad., stg. l. in long robe, r. raised, l. holding head of Serapis. In left field A, * in right field.
exerg: A/*//ANT, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 4,88g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC VI 167c, p-644, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AR-Argenteus_IMP-CONSTANTI-NVS-AVG_VICTORIA-LAETAE-PRINC-PERP-VOT_PR_PTR_RIC-not_C-not_Trier_318-319-AD__Q-001_19mm_2,73g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!161 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII ???, AR-Argenteus, -/-//PTR, VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, Not in RIC !!!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTI NVS AVG, bust l., high-crested helmet, cuir., dr., spear across r. shoulder..
rever:- VICTORIA LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories stg. facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT/PR on altar. PTR in exergue.
"UNLISTED ISSUE. This issue is listed erroneously in RIC VII as regular follis (TRIER 208A, p. 181), but in fact it is "billon argenteus" (c. 25% of silver) and belongs to the group of TREVERI 825-826 in RIC VI. Note that only PTR mark is correct, because of only one officina working at that time at Treveri. Note also that the bust type is similar to H11 from RIC VII, but there are also a few differences: bust is usually larger, half-length, and could be described as cuirassed and draped. Coin should be listed after TREVERI 826. See: Bastien, P., "L’émission de monnaies de billon de Treves au début de 313", Quaderni Ticinesi (Numismatica e Antichitŕ Classiche) 1982, XI, p. 271-278. See: CORRIGENDA, VOL. VII, p. 181, CORRIGENDA, VOL. VI, p. 224" by Lech Stepniewski, in "Not in RIC" , thank you Lech Stepniewski,
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/notinric/6tre-826.html
exergo: -/-//PTR, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: h,
mint: Trier, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VI Trier 825-6?, RIC VI, "TREVERI [after 826], CONSTANTINE I, UNLISTED ISSUE" by Lech Stepniewski,
Q-001
quadrans
GI 137a img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 466722 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Fortuna/ Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper left field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1927, BMC 2448, Milne 4667
maridvnvm
faustinaI sest.jpg
138-161 AD - FAVSTINA Senior AE sestertius - struck after 141 AD64 viewsbv: DIVA FAVSTINA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: - / S.C. (Vesta standing left, holding long torch & palladium {Pallas statue})
ref: RIC III 1151(AntPius) (S), C.268 (6fr.)
23.51gms, 30mm,

I think it's a rare piece.
SOLD
2 commentsberserker
tiberius as.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AE as - struck 22-23 AD39 viewsobv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII (bare head left)
rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIII around large S.C.
ref: RIC I 44, C.24 (5 frcs), BMC91
9.44gms, 27mm

In 6 AD Tiberius was in Carnuntum military camp. He led at least eight legions (VIII Augusta from Pannonia, XV Apollinaris and XX Valeria Victrix from Illyricum, XXI Rapax from Raetia, XIII Gemina, XIV Gemina and XVI Gallica from Germania Superior and an unknown unit) against king Maroboduus of the Marcomanni in Bohemia (Czechia). At the same time, I Germanica, V Alaudae, XVII, XVIII and XIX, - led by Caius Sentius Saturninus (governor of Germania) -, moved against Maroboduus along the Elbe. Saturninus led his forces across the country of the Chatti, and, cutting his way through the Hercynian forest, joining Tiberius on the north bank of the Danube, and both wanted to make a combined attack within a few leagues from the Marcomannic capital Boviasmum. It was the most grandiose operation that ever conducted by a Roman army, but a rebellion in Illyria obstructed its final execution.
berserker
schnurrbart-coin.jpg
14. Celtic AR tetradrachm - GALLIERKOPF / SCHNURRBART type - 2nd-1st century (?)478 viewsobv: Apollo head (?) with a mustache right
rev: Rider left, under the horse is rosette with a central point
ref: Göbl OTA 349 (Gallierkopf/Schnurrbart), Pink 349 (Gallischer Einflus); Dessewffy 1224; Dembski 1273-1278 (Kopf mit Schnurrbart); Kostial -; LaTour 9866;
mint: unknown
9.87gms, 24mm

The obverse is one of the most beautiful and the most characteristic product of the (east) celtic coinage. The tipical gallic (or Apollo ?) head without beard and the thick pleated hair belongs to celtic coins of Noricum, and this motive probably got to the Munkács area with transmit of Boii. Maybe that's why Pink is classified in category of Western influence coins (unter Westlichem Einfluss).
Reverse rider holds a zickzack line (lightning?) in right hand, while with his left hand is based on the horse (see: LaTour 9866)
Other description of this type see my East celtic coins topic at the Classical Numismatics
2 commentsberserker
LarryW1833.jpg
140 Marcian, AD 450-45763 viewsGold solidus, 20.8mm, 4.48g, brilliant, gEF
Struck at Constantinople
D N MARCIA-NVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly to right, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman spearing a fallen enemy / VICTORI-A AVCCC Z, Victory standing half left holding a long jeweled cross resting on ground, star in right field, CON OB in exergue
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
DOC 481; RIC 510; Sear 4322v
Lawrence Woolslayer
CtG AE3.jpg
1403a,1, Constantine I (the Great), 307-337 A.D.46 viewsConstantine I (the Great), 307-337 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 16, C -, VF, 2.854g, 19.1mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 327 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette diademed head right; Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Soldier standing left, head right, resting left hand on shield and holding inverted spear in right, G in left field, CONS in exergue; very rare (R3).

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
1 commentsCleisthenes
Const1GlrEx.jpg
1403b, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.37 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D., Bronze AE 3, RIC 137, VF, Constantinople mint, 1.476g, 16.4mm, 180o, 336 - 337 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking standard, CONS[ ] in exergue. Ex FORVM.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTGDafne.jpg
1403c, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.49 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC VII 35, choice aEF, Constantinople mint, 3.336g, 20.0mm, 180o, 328 A.D.; Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: CONSTANTINI-ANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, CONS in exergue, B left; scarce. Ex FORVM.

"The information about Constantine's campaign across [the Danube] is obscure and untrustworthy. The question, therefore, of what he achieved by this enterprise was, and is, subject to contradictory interpretations. On the one hand, the Panegyrists claimed that he had repeated the triumphs of Trajan. On the other, his own nephew, Julian the Apostate, spoke for many when he expressed the view that this second 'conquest' of Dacia was incomplete and extremely brief . . . monetary commemoration was accorded to the building, at about the same time [AD 328], of the river frontier fortress of Constantiniana Dafne (Spantov, near Oltenita) . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix, 1998. 58-9).

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
1 commentsCleisthenes
CTGKyzAE3.jpg
1403d, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Cyzicus)37 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 199, gVF, corrosion, Cyzicus, 1.402g, 16.2mm, 0o, 336 - 337 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS•, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking standard, SMKA in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTGVOTXXX.jpg
1403e, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Heraclea)28 viewsConstantine the Great, Bronze AE 3, RIC 69, VF, Heraclea, 3.38g, 19.0mm, 180o, 325 - 326 A.D. Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT XXX in wreath, SMHD in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
12817p00.jpg
1403f, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Heraclea)20 viewsBronze follis, RIC 5, F/aF, 3.513g, 20.4mm, 180o, Heraclea mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left holding Victory and scepter, eagle with wreath in beek at feet, B in right field, SMHT in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he re