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Search results - "grain"
SEV ALEX-6.jpg
36 viewsSeverus Alexander - Sestertius - 231 AD.
Ob.: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate head right
Rev.: ANNONA AVGVSTI S C, Annona standing left holding anchor & grain ears over modius.
gs. 16,1 mm. 29,8
Cohen 36, RIC 549
Maxentius
DenTCloulio.jpg
30 viewsDenarius - 128 BC. - Rome mint
T. CLOVLIVS (or CLOELIVS) - Gens Cloulia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, wreath behind. ROMA below
Rev.: Victory in biga right; grain ear below, T CLOVLI in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm 19,37
Crawf. 260/1; Sear RCV Grueber I 1079.

Maxentius
kallatis~0.jpg
22 viewsKallatis, Thrace, Circa 3rd-2nd Century BC. Ć 24mm. Laureate head of Apollo right / KA A - TIA NWN, tripod; grain ear in left field, magistrates name in ex. Moushmov 224, see http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/thrace/kallatis/i.html for several different magistrates names/ monograms 60e+Alexios
112~0.JPG
95 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
Diva_Faustina_Senior_new.jpg
104 viewsDiva Faustina Senior, AD 141, AR Denarius (3.42g). Rome after AD 147.
Obverse: DIVA FAVSTINA draped bust of Diva Faustina right.
Reverse: AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand and torch in left.
Ex: Freeman and Sear Fixed Price List 12, Lot 123
3 commentspaul1888
L__Valerius_108_107_BC_AR_denarius_new.jpg
55 viewsL. Valerius Flaccus 108-107 BC AR denarius (3.51 grams), Obverse: Winged, draped bust of Victory right, mark of value XVI in monogram before
Reverse: L VALERI FLACCI, helmeted, nude Mars walking left, holding spear in right hand and trophy over left shoulder, flamen's cap before, grain ear behind.
Ex: Freeman and Sear purchased May 12, 2005
1 commentspaul1888
Roma_front_ionic_column_back_B_.jpg
51 viewsC. Augurinus, ca 135 B.C., Denarius.
Obverse: Roam right, X beneath chin.
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue flanked by togate and grain ears.
EX: Laurion Numismatics Winter 1992 fixed price list - the first coin I purchased from a fixed price list.
3 commentspaul1888
Hieron_II_Sicily_Syracuse.jpg
31 viewsSicily, Syracuse, Hieron II. 287-278BC. AE20mm. Obv. Head of Persephone left, with Wreath of grain ears. Rev.Bull butting left with dolphins above and below. Reference: Calciati II pg. 341, 190
Lee S
Metapont_Nomos1.jpg
45 viewsdidrachm, 330/290 BC
7.82 g
obv: head of Demeter left
rev: ear of grain, tongs to left, META to right
(Johnston C 4.20 (this coin); Rutter, Historia Numorum 1583)
from Ars Classica 15, Luzern 1930, No. 167, ex Künker e-Auction 17, No. 7
2 commentsareich
Faustina.jpg
51 viewsDiva Faustina Senior, AD 141, AR Denarius (3.42g). Rome after AD 147.
Obverse: DIVA FAVSTINA draped bust of Diva Faustina right.
Reverse: AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand and torch in left.
Ex: Freeman and Sear Fixed Price List 12, Lot 123
1 commentspaul1888
unknown-provincial.jpg
25 viewsRoman Provincial Trajan, AE23, of Tabae, Caria, 5.1g, 24mm

Obverse: AVK A TPAIANOC APIΓCΔA, Laureate head right.

Reverse: TABHNΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding grain ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.

Reference: SNG Cop 559, Hunter 4.
Gil-galad
combined~0.jpg
30 viewsHere are two views of a 10 tray cabinet I built for a collector in Singapore. I absolutely love the grain pattern!!

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Livia_prov.jpg
2.5 Livia, Wife of Augustus17 viewsJULIA AUGUSTA (LIVIA)
Cilicia
14-29 AD. Ć 23mm

Draped bust right / Tyche seated right, holding grain ears; river-god swimming right below.

RPC I 4013; SNG Levante 1238; SNG France -.
Rare. Only two specimens cited in RPC.
RI0041
Sosius
Galba_As_RIC_324.jpg
7 Galba65 viewsGalba.
AD 68-69. Ć As (28mm, 10.30 g, 6h). Rome mint.
Struck circa August–October AD 68.
Laureate head left / Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and caduceus.
RIC I 324 var. (bust right); ACG –. Good Fine, brown patina, porous surfaces. Rare with bust left.
From the Dr. Robert A. Kilmarx Collection.
Ex CNG - Nov 2013
4 commentsSosius
RI_064sv_obva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - obv14 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
Gordian_Varb_3771.jpg
1 Gordian III19 viewsGORDIAN III
AE 28/30, Hadrianopolis ,9.22g

O: ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡ∆ΙΑΝΟC ΑΥ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind

R: Α∆ΡΙΑΝΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ, Demeter standing left, grain-ears in extended right, long torch in left

Varbanov II 3771 ff., aVF, double struck on obverse and reverse
Sosius
Gordian_III_Moushmov_761.jpg
1 Gordian III8 viewsGordian III
AE26mm of Markianopolis.

O: Laureate draped bust right

R: Demeter standing left with grain ears and long torch

Moushmov 761
Sosius
image~7.jpg
14 Trajan25 viewsPHOENICIA, Tyre. Trajan. AD 98-117. AR Tetradrachm (23mm, 13.88 g, 10h). Struck AD 110/1. Laureate head right; below, club left and eagle standing right / Tyche seated right on rock, holding grain ears; below, river god Orontes swimming right, head left. McAlee 470; Prieur 1498. VF.

Ex CNG
Sosius
Hadrian_RIC_299.jpg
15 Hadrian Denarius - Travel Series27 viewsHADRIAN
AR “Travel Series” Denarius (2.8g); 136 AD.
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Laureate head right / AFRICA, Africa reclining left holding scorpion & cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet
Sear 3459 vars, RIC 299, RSC 138
Note: underweight, but appears genuine
RI0093
1 commentsSosius
Sabina~1.jpg
15.25 Sabina27 viewsSABINA
Wife of Hadrian
AE As, c. 88 – 137 AD
SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P, Diademed, draped bust right/ SC - Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch.
RIC 1023 (Hadrian) – scarce, BMC 1900, C 70
RI0111
1 commentsSosius
Ant_Pius_Denarius~0.jpeg
17 Antoninus Pius RIC 20421 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
Denarius, Rome 138-161 AD
M ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII, laur. head right / COS IIII, Annona standing left, stalks of grain in right, left placed on modius on ship
RIC 204 BMC 765 RSC 288
Ex Artifact Man Ancient Coins
RI0077
1 commentsSosius
Ant_Pius_Den_RIC_58.jpg
17 Antoninus Pius18 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
AR Denarius.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, bare head right / TR POT COS II, modius with grain-ears & poppy.
RSC 874a RIC 58
RI0078
Sosius
Faustina_Den_RIC_93.jpg
17.5 Faustina15 viewsFAUSTINA I
AR Denarius
DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair arranged in a chignon behind the head / AVGVSTA, Ceres standing right holding sceptre and ears of grain
RIC 358, RSC 93, BMC 389
RI0087
Sosius
Lucilla_Cohen_2.jpg
19.5 Lucilla11 viewsLucilla
AE Sestertius, Rome mint
164 A.D., 21.5g, 31mm
LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / CERES S C, Ceres seated left, holding stalks of grain and torch
RIC III 1728, BMCRE IV 1194, Cohen 2; aF
RI0098
Sosius
Crispina_RIC_276.jpg
20.5 Crispina21 viewsCRISPINA
AR Denarius. 3.18g
CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / CERES, Ceres holding grain-ears and sceptre.
RIC 276, RSC 1, BM 33
Ex Coin Galleries 2/17/99
Ex Harlan J. Berk
RI0085
Sosius
Septimius_Severus_-_RIC_IV_201_sm.jpg
24 Septimius Severus44 viewsSeptimius Severus.
AD 193-211.
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.09 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 201-210.

Laureate head right / Genius standing left, sacrificing from patera over altar and holding two grain ears.

RIC IV 201; RSC 475. Good VF, toned, light porosity.

Ex CNG - Nov 2013
2 commentsSosius
Julia_Domna_BI_Den.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna16 viewsJULIA DOMNA
BI Denarius

Bust of Julia / Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch

From an ancient forger's lot authenticated by David Sear
Ex Ancient Treasures
Sosius
Sev_Alex_RIC_645.jpg
30 Severus Alexander14 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE Sestertius

IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with draped far shoulder / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left with grain ears over modius and anchor.

Cohen 509, RIC 645, Sear 8013
Sosius
SeleukG_copy.jpg
Alexander I, Balas34 viewsAE 20, Syria, Alexander I Balas, ca. 128-123 BC, Obv: Alexander right. Rev: ΑΠΑΜΕΩΝ, ΓΕΡ around Zeus, c/m of grain, gF/VF. Lindgren I, 1830.Molinari
fas.jpg
Diva Faustina Senior, wife of Antoninus Pius. Died 141 CE. 31 viewsAR Denarius (3.35 gm). 18.5 mm.
Obverse: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right.
Reverse: C-E-RES, Ceres, veiled, standing left, holding long torch and grain ears. RIC III 378 (Antoninus); BMCRE 461 (Antoninus); RSC 136.
.
NORMAN K
Miletopolis-Q.png
Gordian III, Miletopolis AE2057 views
Gordian III, 238 - 244. Miletopolis, Mysia.
Α Κ Μ ΑΝΤ ΓΟΡ∆ΙΑΝΟC, LDC-R
MEIΛHTΟ - ΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ, basket with 3 ears of grain.
axis 12, 4.1 g.
RPC VII 1. 91
1 commentsPekka K
M_plaetorius_m_f__cestianus.jpg
M Plaetorius M.F. Cestianus, 57 BC, Denarius.18 viewsObv. M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. Head of Bonus Eventus right; grain ear behind
Rev. M. PLAETORI CEST. EX. S. C, winged caduceus
1 commentsSkyler
philadelphiaClaudius.jpg
#Lydia, Philadelphia. Claudius AE1824 viewsObv: T KLAYDIOS GERMANIKOS KAISAR. Laureate bust r.
Rev: P'ILADELP'EWN NEOKAISAREWN C'ONDROS. Four grain-ears bundled together.
ancientone
171.jpg
Δ and KA (monogram of)279 viewsCILICIA. Seleuceia ad Calycadnum. Severus Alexander. Ć 28. A.D. 222-235. Obv: AV▪K▪M▪AVP▪CEOVHPAΛEZA-NΔPO. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; 2 countermarks: (1) on chest, (2) partly under (1). Rev: CEΛE(-YKEΩN)KAΛY-KA-ΔNΩ. Tyche of Seleuceia seated left on rock in distyle shrine, holding grains; river-god Calycadnus swimming left below. Ref: BMC -; SNG Levante Supp. 196 (same obv. die, var. rev. leg.). Axis: 195°. Weight: 9.91 g. CM(1): Δ containing dot, in triangular punch, 6 x 5 mm. Howgego 670 (206 pcs). Note: Not likely to be a denominational countermark. CM(2): Monogram of K and A, in shaped punch, 4 x 5 mm. Howgego 618 (52 pcs). Note: The countermark likely refers to Calycadnum. Collection Automan.Automan
00022x00~1.jpg
30 viewsROME. M. Arrius Vestinus.
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Amphora; grain ear to right
M · AR/ VES
Rostovtsev p. 140, note = Ficorini II, pl. XVII, 10

Ex Agora 34 (9 June 2015), lot 149
1 commentsArdatirion
00013x00~0.jpg
28 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 4.04 g, 12 h)
Ceres standing facing, head left, holding long scepter and grain ears
CA/ PR
Rostowzew -
1 commentsArdatirion
00055x00.jpg
33 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.37 g, 7 h)
Ceres standing facing, holding long scepter and grain ears
Two applauding spectators seated right on steps; inverted IV (Iuvenes?) below
Rostovtsev 542 = Kircheriano 1131
Ardatirion
8479.jpg
40 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.11 g, 12 h)
Cybele riding right on lion, holding transverse scepter
Attis standing right, wearing Phrygian cap, holding long scepter and ears of grain
Rostowzew 3213, pl. X, 14 var. (no legend); München 631 var. (same); BM 1356-9 var. (same)
1 commentsArdatirion
00058x00.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.60 g, 12 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Three grain ears; P to left, AB to right
Rostovtsev 402; Rostovtsev & Prou 73; Scholz 241
Ardatirion
00020x00.jpg
20 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.98 g, 12 h)
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Modius with three grain ears
Rostowzew 351
Ardatirion
00023x00~2.jpg
8 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 4.08 g, 12 h)
Modius with three grain ears
DR
Rostowzew 388. "Draconia Genus" in India ink on reverse

Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1201 (part of).
Ardatirion
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
gracesmodius.jpg
32 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.96 g, 12 h)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Modius with three grain ears
Rostovtzev 358; Milan 52; München 67-70; BM 1330-3, 1335-8, 1340-1; Staal Appendix A, p. 148 (this coin illustrated)

Ex Mark Staal Three Graces Collection (Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 300), lot 432 (part of)
1 commentsArdatirion
00026x00~2.jpg
23 viewsROME
PB Tessera (17mm, 2.80 g, 12h)
The Charites (the Three Graces) standing, the left and right facing, the middle with back to view
Modius with three grain ears
Rostovtzev 358.72 = Scholz 461 (this coin); Milan 52; München 67-70; BM 1330-3, 1335-8, 1340-1

Ex Trau Collection
Ardatirion
AED_CSC.jpg
52 viewsROME
PB Tessera. (20mm, 4.40 g)
AED
CSC
Rostowzew -

The legend likely refers to the office of aedile, an elected position in the city of Rome. Aediles were responsible for various duties, including managing the grain supply and providing for games and public festivals.
1 commentsArdatirion
AED_LOS.jpg
27 viewsROME
PB Tessera. (23mm, 7.78 g)
AED
LOS
Rostowzew -

The legend likely refers to the office of aedile, an elected position in the city of Rome. Aediles were responsible for various duties, including managing the grain supply and providing for games and public festivals.
Ardatirion
Greek_-_Uncertain_Northern_Greek_4.jpg
21 viewsNORTHERN GREECE, Uncertain
PB Tessera(15mm, 3.98 g)
Female standing left, holding two grain ears
Male(?) reclining left, holding pitchfork

Ex Classical Numismatics Group 85 (15 September 2010), lot 330d
Ardatirion
00011x00~1.jpg
15 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Dated year 3 of an uncertain era
Nilus reclining left, holding reeds and cornucopia
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears; [L] Γ flanking
Ardatirion
00023x00.jpg
22 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.15 g, 1h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Nilus recling left, holding cornucopia and mummiform figure of Osiris
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears; LB above
Milne 5391 var. (date); Dattari (Savio) 11623 var. (placement of date); Köln -
Ardatirion
54463q00.jpg
18 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.07 g, 1h)
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia [and mummiform figure of Osiris?]
Euthenia reclining left, holding cornucopia and grain ears
Cf. Milne 5397-401; Dattari (Savio) 6470 corr. (obverse type); Köln -
Ardatirion
00032x00.jpg
18 viewsCaracalla. AD 198-217.
AR Denarius (19mm, 2.70 g, 6 h)
Britain? Copying a Rome mint issues of AD 212/214
Laureate head right
Annona seated left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
Cf. RIC IV 195

Purportedly found in Britain
Ardatirion
hadrian_fides_res.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN24 views117 - 138 AD
struck 125-128 AD
AE As 27 mm, 10.32 g
O: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS laureate head right
R: COS III S - C Fides standing right holding grain ears and basket of fruit
RIC 668, Cohen 388, BMC 1338
laney
hadrian_fides_c.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN13 views117 - 138 AD
struck 125-128 AD
AE As 27 mm, 10.32 g
O: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS laureate head right
R: COS III S - C Fides standing right holding grain ears and basket of fruit
Rome mint; RIC 668, Cohen 388, BMC 1338
laney
hadrian_alexandria_agath_b.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN--Alexandria21 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 120-121 AD
Billon Tetradrachm 23.5 mm, 14.3 g
O: AVT KAI TPAI CEB Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, crescent before
R: Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils; LE (date) in exe.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 803.5 koln 804/805 var. Dattari 1547 Milne 982 RPC 3, 5270
laney
agathodae_hadrian_alexandria.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN--Alexandria23 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 120-121 AD
Billon Tetradrachm 23.5 mm, 14.3 g
O: AVT KAI TPAI CEB Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder, crescent before
R: Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils; LE (date) in exe.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 803.5 koln 804/805 var. Dattari 1547 Milne 982 RPC 3, 5270
laney
antoninus_pius_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS26 views138 - 161 AD
AE 18 mm 3.05 g
O: ANTWN KAICAP CEB Draped bust right
R:[ DHMHT] NEIKO, Demeter standing with sceptre and grain ears
BITHYNIA, NIKOPOLIS
Waddington, RG 50; SNG von Aulock 744
laney
a_pius_annona_stand_sest_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS23 views138 - 161 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 31.5 mm 24.08 g
O: LAUR HEAD R
R: ANNONA STANDING R HOLDING CORNUCOPIA AND GRAIN EAR OVER MODIUS, PROW TO R
laney
A_PIUS_RAD_ANNONA_RUDDER.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS5 views138-161 AD
Ć Dupondius 24.5 mm, 10.56 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Annona standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and rudder
Rome mint
laney
a_pius_annona~0.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS6 views138-161 AD
Ć 26.5 mm, 9.58 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Annona standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and rudder
Rome mint
laney
A_PIUS_CADU_RES.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS (as Caesar)28 views138 - 161 AD
Struck 138 AD (as Caesar)
AE 27 mm 10.75 g
O: IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS , laureate head right
R: TRIB POT COS S-C , Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
RIC II 1088
laney
m_aurelius_limes_denarius_d.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS (limes denarius)20 views161-180 AD
struck 164/5
Limes Denarius 18 mm, 2.11 g
O: M ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate head right.
R: P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius, and cornucopia in left hand
Rome; cf RIC 125
laney
chrysoroas_res.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS20 views177 - 192 AD
AE 17 X 18 mm; 3.70 g
O: Laureate bearded head right
R: River god Chrysoroas reclining right, holding cornucopia and grain ears; XPYCO_ beneath
Damascus, Coele-Syria; cf Lindren III 1256
laney
commodus_demeter_philippop.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS10 views177-192 AD
AE 19 mm, 4.20 g
O: Laureate head of Commodus right
R: ΦIΛIΠΠOΠO-ΛEITΩN; Demeter standing left, holding grain ears and long torch
Thrace, Philippopolis; BMC 21
laney
pertinax_denarius.jpg
(0193) PERTINAX21 views193 AD
AR Denarius
16.9 mm max.; 3.10 g
O: IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right;
R: OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops (plenty) seated left on throne with ornamented back, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; rare
Rome mint; RIC IV 8a (R2); RSC III 33; BMCRE V p. 4, 19; Hunter III 6; SRCV II 6045
(ex Forum)
laney
sept_odess_ww.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS58 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
sept_odess_demeter_perse_xx.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS21 views193 - 211 AD
AE 22 mm 4.62 g
O: AYT K L SEP SEYHROS PERTINA X
Laur bust right
R: ODHSSEITWN
Demeter and Persephone with torches and grain ears
ODESSOS, THRACE
VARBANHOV (B.) 3428 RARE
laney
elagabal_tyche_river_res_a.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS54 views218-222 AD
AE 33 mm 21.73 g
O: AVT K M AV ··· ANTΩNEI[NOC CE] Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder
R: ANTIOXEΩN M ΚΟΛ ΔΕ SC Tyche of Antioch seated left on rock outcropping holding grain ears; below, river-god Orontes swimming left, head right; above, ram with head right springing left; D-E above S-C
SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria, Antiochia ad Orontem
Butcher 474a; SNG Copenhagen 251
laney
elagab_antioch_tyche_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS15 views218-222
Ć 25mm., 11.74g.
O: AVT K M AV ANTWNINOC Laureate head r. , with slight drapery.
R: ANTIOXЄΩNM()KO Tyche seated l. on rocks, holding grain ears; below, river god Orontes swimming l.;
Δ-Є and S-C across field
Syria, Antioch; cf Butcher 476
laney
elagab_antio_mcalee_804.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS17 views218-222 AD
AE Octassarion 33 mm. 16.66 g
Obv: AVT K M AV ANTΩNINOC CЄ.
Laureate head right, with slight drapery.
Rev: ANTIOXЄΩN KOΛΩNIAC / S C.
Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears; to left, river god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping between Δ Є.
SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria, Antioch; cf McAlee 804.
laney
elagab_maesa_bon_event.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa35 views218 – 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand; in left field retrograde E /WN in ligature.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis);
AMNG 949; not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer (2013)
[reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_bonus_eventus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa9 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28 mm, 13.18 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand;
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis); ?retrograde E to left?
cf AMNG 949 [reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
sev_alexander.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER36 views222 - 235 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 30 mm 18.09 g
O:IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG
LAUR BUST R
R: PROVIDENTIA AVG S-C
PROVIDENTIA STANDING HEAD L, HOLDING GRAIN EARS OVER MODIUS, AND CORNUCOPIA
ROME
RIC IV 642
laney
sev_alex_antioch.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER28 views222 - 235 AD
AE 31 mm 15.02 g
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: ANTIOXEN MHT KOΛ, Tyche std left, holding grain, river god Orontes swimming below, ram running left above, Δ - E / S - C
Antioch, Syria; BMC 470-472
laney
sev_alex_coela.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER20 views222-235 AD
Ć 19 mm, 3.28 g
O: Laureate, cuirassed, and draped bust right, seen from behind
R: Prow with three grain ears
Thrace, Coela; BMC -; Varbanov 2929 var. (prow with cornucopia)
(scarce city)
laney
gordian_tranq_demeter.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)17 views238 - 244 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 11.44 g
O: AYT K M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ CAB / TRANKVΛΛINA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. (confronted busts)
R: OYLΠIANΩN AΓXIALEΩN. Demeter standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and long torch.
THRACE. Anchialus; cf Varbanov 682 - 684
d.s.
laney
claudius_ceres_res2.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS36 views41 - 54 AD
AE Dupondius 28.5 mm 11.63 g
O: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP Bare head left
R: [CERES AVGVSTA / S]C Ceres seated left, holding grain-ears and long torch
Rome RIC I 94
laney
Tarsoscilicia.jpg
*CILICIA, Tarsos. Æ24 San- and Phili-, magistrates. Tyche enthroned/Zeus Nikephoros40 viewsCILICIA, Tarsos. 164-27 BC. Ć24 San- and Phili-, magistrates. Tyche, turreted and veiled, holding grain ears in extended right hand, seated right on throne, right foot on the shoulder of the river god Orontes, who swims right below / TARSEWN, Zeus Nikephoros seated left; SAN/FILI in two lines to left. Cf. SNG France 1374; SNG Levante 979-80 var. (magistrates); SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; BMC -. ancientone
57633q00.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsAntoninus Pius Copper As

Attribution: RIC III 860a, scarce
Date: AD 148-149
Obverse: AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head r.
Reverse: FELICITAS AVG, COS III, Felicitas stg facing, head l., long caduceus in r., grain(?) in l., S-C across field
Size: 28.8 mm
Weight: 9.75 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
57636q00.jpg
*SOLD*13 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania AE15

Attribution: SNG Cop 144 ff., Sardinia
Date: 300-264 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit l. wearing wreath of grain, earring and necklace
Reverse: horse's head r.
Size: 18.8 mm
Weight: 5.57 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
vespasian_silver-denarius_clasped-hands-caduceus-poppies-wheat_obv_09_rev_08_95%.JPG
000 - Vespasian AR Denarius - Clasped Hands 30 viewsVespasian Silver Denarius - Clasped Hands
Rome Mint, AD 73
obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN - Laureled head right.

rev: FIDES PVBL - Clasped hands holding wheat ears, opium poppies and caduceus.
------------
A bit off-center, but a beautiful portrait of the Emperor, and great detail on the poppy heads.
------------
** These photos slightly bright and off-color due to lighting
**More photos of this Vespasian Denarius below, in Alphabetical order...
1 commentsrexesq
OlbiaDolphin.jpg
001a, Olbia, Sarmatia, c. 5th Century B.C.51 viewsBronze cast dolphin, SGCV 1684 var, VF, 1.322g, 24.7mm. Obverse: dolphin with raised spine, dorsal fin and tail.

Olbia

Olbia, located in what is modern-day Ukraine, was a Milesian colony at the convergence of the Hypanis and Borysthenes rivers, about 15 miles inland from the Northwest coast of the Black Sea. Well located for trade, Olbia was a prosperous trading city and major grain supplier in the 5th Century B.C.

Small bronze dolphins were cast in Olbia, beginning 550-525 B.C., first as sacrificial objects for worship of Apollo and later as a form of currency (Joseph Sermarini).
1 commentsCleisthenes
Augustus_Tetradrachm_IMP-CAESAR_AVGVSTVS_RIC-_C-x_X_xx-AD__Q-001_28,5mm_10,16g-s.jpg
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 490, Pergamum, AR-Cistophoric Tetradrachm, AVGVSTVS, Six grain ears tied in a bundle,265 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 490, Pergamum, AR-Cistophoric Tetradrachm, AVGVSTVS, Six grain ears tied in a bundle,
avers:- IMP-CAESAR, Beared head right, littus to right.
revers:- No legend - AVGV STVS across fields, Six grain ears tied in a bundle.
exe: AVGV/STVS//--, diameter: 28,5mm, weight: 10,16g, axis: h,
mint: Pergamum?, date: 25-20 B.C., ref: RIC-I-490, C-32a?,
Q-001
quadrans
0032~0.jpg
0032 - Denarius Marcia 134 BC32 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind modius, before crossed X.
Rev/Victory in biga r., holding reins in l. and whip in r. hand; below M MAR C, below RO MA divided by two grain ears.

Ag, 19.7mm, 3.79g
Moneyer: M.Marcius Mn.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 245/1 [dies o/r: 120/150] - BMCRR 1008 - Syd. 500.
ex-Valencia Coin Market 20 may 2007
dafnis
0041~0.jpg
0041 - Denarius Trajan 113 AC13 viewsObv/IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP, Trajan head laureate r., draped.
Rev/SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Genius standing l., holding patera and ears of grain.

Ag, 19.6mm, 3.10g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/275 [C]
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 92, lot 225
dafnis
galba_ric_193.jpg
007 Galba AR Denarius89 viewsGalba AR denarius,  VF, Rome mint, ( 3.512g, 19.0mm,  180o), Nov 68 - Jan 69 A.D.; 
elegant style, light toning on nice surfaces, high-points flatly struck,
Obv: IMP SER GALBACAESAR AVG, laureate head right; 
Rev: HISPANIA (counterclockwise starting on left), Hispania advancing left, draped, poppy and two stalks of grain in extended right hand, round shield and two transverse spears in left hand;
RIC I 193 (R2), BMCRE I 16, RSC II 83, BnF III 89, Hunter I 1 var. (no CAESAR, Aug - Oct 68), SRCV I 2103 var. (same)
Ex: the Jyrki Muona Collection; Ex: Forum Ancient Coins


This is one of my favourite coins. I love the portrait on the obverse and the depiction of Hispania on the reverse. Galba was the first ruler in the 'year of the four emperors' in 69 CE.
3 commentsorfew
Julius_Caesar,_Donative.jpg
01 05 Julius Caesar27 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Utica? Mint. 46 A.D. (3.7g, 16mm, 10h). Obv: DICT ITER COS TERT, head of Ceres right, wreathed with grain. Rev: AVGVR PONT MAX, emblems of the augurate and pontificate; aspergillum, guttus, and lituus; M (munus=gift) to right. Craw. 467/1b, Syd. 1024.

This was likely used as a donative by Caesar during his triumph of 46 B.C. While porous, this example is well centered, and the M is clearly on the flan.
Lucas H
0105.jpg
0105 - Denarius Septimius Severus 205 AC10 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ PM TR P XIII COS III PP, Annona togate, standing l., holding grain ears and connucopia: modium with grain ears at feet.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.35 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC IV.I/198 [C] – BMCRE V/475
ex-Helios Numismatik – eBay, art. #270734396362
dafnis
new_domit_combined~0.jpg
012 Domitian AR Denarius37 viewsDomitian. AR denarius (18.15 mm, 3.36 g, 7 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 81.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG, laureate head right
Rev: TR P COS VII, draped throne, back decorated with grain ears. RIC 3; BMCRE 2; RSC 554a.
Ex: William Rosenblum Coins Ex:Agora Auctions March 22, 2016 lot 52-174
Purchased from Agora Auctions March 22, 2016.




Domitian was the son of Vespasian. He became emperor after the death of Vespasian's other son Titus. Domitian was the last of the Flavian dynasty. Take a look at the obverse portrait on this coin. Domitian's Roman nose is quite prominent. On later issues the nose has been made less prominent. This is a good example of how emperors controlled their image by controlling their representation on the coinage.

Thiis coin is also interesting because some of Domitian titles are missing. The reason is that these had not been added by this point in his position as emperor. The use of COS VII dates this coin to the first month or so of his reign.
1 commentsorfew
012_Claudius-I_(41-54_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne_0077,_Alexandria,_ME__A_I-NA_KAI___EBA_,_Messalina_standing_facing_Q-001_axis-0h_25mm_11,50ga-s.jpg
012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,80 views012p Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-075, D-123, Egypt, Alexandria, MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing,
avers:- TI KΛAΥΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓERMANI AΥTOK, laureate head of Claudius right, LΓ before
revers:- MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column, holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 25mm, weight: 11,50g, axis: 0h,
mint: Alexandria, date: Year (LΓ) 3 = 42-43 A.D., ref: Geissen-075, Dattari-123, Kapmann-Ganschow-12.22-p-5˝, RPC-5131, Milne 77,
Q-001
quadrans
020.jpg
014 HADRIAN9 viewsEMPEROR: Hadrian
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right
REVERSE: FIDES PVBLICA, Fides standing right, holding a basket of fruit and grain ears
DATE: AD 134-138
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 2.86 g
RIC: II.241a
Barnaba6
Antoninuspius_denar2.jpg
015 - Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD), denarius - RIC 21833 viewsObv: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev: TR POT XV COS IIII and TRANQ in exe, Tranquillitas standing right, holding rudder and grain ears.
Minted in Rome 151-152 AD.
pierre_p77
0191.jpg
0191 - Denarius Nero 60-61 AC48 viewsObv/NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head of Nero r.
Rev/PONTIF MAX TR P VII COS III PP, Ceres standing l. holding two ears of grain and long torch; EX SC in field.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.38g
Mint: Rome
RIC I/24 [R3] - BMCRE I/35
ex-Silbury Coins, art.# LR638
1 commentsdafnis
Vespasian_AR-Denar_CAESAR_VESPSIANVS-AVG_IMP-XIX_RIC-II-110RIC-new-980_C-216_Rome_77-78AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17mm_3,06g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0980, RIC II(1962) 110, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears, #1290 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0980, RIC II(1962) 110, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears, #1
avers: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,0mm, weight: 3,06g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 77-78 A.D., ref: RIC˛ 0980, RIC II(1962) 110, C-216,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Vespasian_AR-Denar_CAESAR_VESPSIANVS-AVG_IMP-XIX_RIC-II-110_RIC-new-981_C-216_Rome_77-78AD_Q-001_axis-6h_xxmm_3,xxgx-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0981, RIC II(1962) 110var, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears, #1169 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 0981, RIC II(1962) 110var, Rome, AR-Denarius, IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears, #1
avers: CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head left.
reverse: IMP XIX, Modius with grain ears.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 77-78 A.D., ref: RIC˛ 0981, RIC II(1962) 110var, C-216,
Q-001
quadrans
020_Vespasian,_AR-Den,_IMP_CAESAR_VESPAS_AVG_COS_II_TR_P_P_P,_CONCORDIA_AVG,_BY,_RIC-2_1416,_RPC_II_824,_Ephesus,_Byzantium,-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_19mm,_3,6g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 1416, Ephesus (Byzantium), AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, #1104 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 1416, Ephesus (Byzantium), AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, #1
avers: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P, Laureate head right.
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, enthroned left, holding grain ears and a cornucopiae, BY (monogram) mintmark for Byzantium in the exergue.
exergue: -/-//BY(monogram, mintmark for Byzantium), diameter: 17,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,60 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ephesus (Byzantium), date: A.D., ref: RIC˛ 1416, RPC II 824, Sear/RCV 2266var., RSC 66a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
LarryW8010.jpg
020 W. Asia Minor, Ioniia, c. 650 to 600 BC54 viewsElectrum hekte, 10mm, 2.75g very early Phokaic standard, VF
Raised square with cross pattern / Rough quadripartite incuse square. Very grainy surfaces. Sear COA
cf. Rosen 314 & 319; Traite pl. IV, 1 (Paris and London)
Lawrence Woolslayer
Titus_AR-Den_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-II-24a_p-119_RIC-new-124a_C-313_Rome_80-AD_Q-003_axis-xh_xxmm_x,xxg-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0124a, RIC II(1962) 0024a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Throne #3183 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0124a, RIC II(1962) 0024a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Throne #3
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Draped throne with triangular back; grain ears atop.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0124a, RIC II(1962) 0024a p-119, RSC-313, BMC 58,
Q-003
2 commentsquadrans
Titus_AR-Den_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-II-24a_p-119_RIC-new-124c_C-313_Rome_80-AD_Q-002_axis-xh_xxmm_x,xxg-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0124c, RIC II(1962) 0024a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Throne #2150 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0124c, RIC II(1962) 0024a, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Throne #2
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Draped throne with triangular back; grain ears atop.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0124c, RIC II(1962) 0024a p-119, RSC-313, BMC 58,
Q-002
quadrans
FaustinaI_denar.jpg
025 - Faustina I (138-141 AD), commemorative denarius - RIC 35835 viewsObv: DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right
Rev: AVGVSTA, Ceres standing right, holding scepter and grain ears.
Minted in Rome 148-161 AD.

Commemorative issues were struck in huge quantitis under the husband Antoninus Pius after Faustinas death in 141 AD.
pierre_p77
quadrans-Q-005_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
026 Nerva (96-98 A.D.), RIC II 112var., Rome, AE-Quadrans, S/C//--, Winged caduceus,76 views026 Nerva (96-98 A.D.), RIC II 112var., Rome, AE-Quadrans, S/C//--, Winged caduceus,
avers: IMP NERVA CAES AVG, modius with three grain-ears.
reverse: Winged caduceus, S-C across the field.
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 15-15,5mm, weight: 2,35g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 96-98 A.D., ref: RIC II 112var., C-138, BMC ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Traianus_AR-Den_RIC-243_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0243, Rome, AR-Denarius, SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, -/-//ALIM ITAL, Abundantia standing left, 95 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0243, Rome, AR-Denarius, SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, -/-//ALIM ITAL, Abundantia standing left,
avers:- IMP-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P, Laureate, draped bust right left shoulder.
revers:- SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Abundantia standing left, holding grain ears over child and cornucopia.
exerg: -/-//ALIM ITAL, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC-II-243-p-261, BMC-472, S-3117,
Q-001
quadrans
Traian_AE-Sest_IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P_S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI_S-C_ALIM-ITAL_RIC-604-C-11_Rome-112-17-AD_Q-001_6h_33mm_26,46ga-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0606, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S/C//ALIM ITAL, Abundantia standing left, 357 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0606, Rome, AE-Sestertius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S/C//ALIM ITAL, Abundantia standing left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P, Laureate bust right, draped left shoulder.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Abundantia standing left, holding grain ears over child and cornucopia.
exerg: S/C//ALIM ITAL, diameter: 33mm, weight:26,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 112-117 A.D., ref: RIC-II-604-p-, C-11,
Q-001
7 commentsquadrans
027_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_)_Billon-Tetradr,_D-703_Alexandria,_AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-_EPM-_AKIK_LIB_Snake-l__Q-001_axis-1h_25mm_12,69g-s~0.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,85 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), AR-Tetradrachm, G-, D-703, Egypt, Alexandria, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left,
avers:- AYT-TPAIAN-CEB-ΓEPM-ΔAKIK, Laureate head right.
revers:- No legend, Agathodaemon serpent coiled with head left, holding caduceus and grain ear within coils.
exe: -/-//L-I-B, diameter: 25mm, weight: 12,69g, axis: 1h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: Dated year (LΙΒ) 12 = 1018-109 A.D., ref: Dattari-703, Kapmann-Ganschow-27.146-p-90,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
30_b.jpg
030b Hadrian. billion tetradrachm 13.6gm22 viewsobv: laur. bust r. drp. on l. shoulder-cresent
rev: Agathodaimon, coiled and stricking snake r. with caduceus and grain ear.
l-delta across field (date)
hill132
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_FIDES-PVBLICA_RIC-II-241a_C-_-AD_Q-001_6h_16,5-17mm_3,41g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0241A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-PVBLICA, Fides standing right, 129 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0241A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-PVBLICA, Fides standing right,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-PVBLICA, Fides standing right, holding a basket of fruit and grain ears.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17mm, weight: 3,41g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 134-138 A.D., ref: RIC II 241A p-368, RSC-717,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_AFRICA_RIC-II-_C-_-AD_Q-002_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,65 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:-AFRICA, Africa reclining left wearing elephant headdress, holding scorpion and cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 299, p-374, RSC 138, BMCRE 816,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_AFRICA_RIC-II-_C-_-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299var, Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,.62 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0299var., Rome, AR-Denarius, AFRICA, Africa reclining left,
avers:-HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate bust right, with draped and aegis far shoulder.
revers:-AFRICA, Africa reclining left wearing elephant headdress, holding scorpion and cornucopiae, basket of grain at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 299var., p-374, RSC 141, BMCRE 816,
Q-001
quadrans
Hadrian_AE-As_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-PP_AEGYPTOS_SC_RIC-II-839c_C-166_134-138AD_R-1_Q-001_0h_25,5-27mm_10,86g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0839c, Rome, AE-As, AEGYPTOS, SC, Egypt reclining left, Rare!,80 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0839c, Rome, AE-As, AEGYPTOS, SC, Egypt reclining left, Rare!,
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-PP, Bare headed and draped bust right.
revers:- AEGYPTOS, Egypt reclining left and holding sistrum, left elbow resting on basket of grain, ibis on column at her feet, SC in exergo.
exerg: -/-//SC, diameter: 25,5-27mm, weight: 10,86g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 134 A.D., ref: RIC-II-839c p-441, C-112, BMC-1695,
Q-001
quadrans
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-001_axis-h_x,xxmm_x,xxgg-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1136 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #1
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-PP, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-001
quadrans
Sabina_AE-As_SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P_CONCORDIA-AVG_S-C_RIC-1037_128-136-AD_Q-002_7h_26,5-27,5mm_9,30g-s.jpg
033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2134 views033 Sabina (???-136 A.D.), RIC II 1037, Rome, AE-As, CONCORDIA AVG, -/-//S-C, Concordia seated left, #2
avers:- SABINA-AVGVSTA-HADRIANI-AVG-P-P, Her bust draped right wreathed in grain with hair fastened in a small knot at back. RARE portrait type depicting the empress with hair tied back and wreathed in grain.
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG/S-C, Concordia seated left holding patera and leaning left elbow on figure of Spes, cornucopiae below chair.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight: 9,30g, axes: 7h,
mint: Roma, date: 128-136 A.D., ref: RIC-II 1037,
Q-002
2 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP_TR-P-COS-II_RIC-54a_RSC-872_Q-001_6h_18,5-19,5mm_2,64g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0054a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR P COS II, Clasped hands,289 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0054a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR P COS II, Clasped hands,
avers: ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Bare head right.
revers: TR-P-COS-II, Clasped hands holding caduceus and grain-ears.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,64g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 139 A.D., ref: RIC-III-54a, p-32, RSC-872,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_Ar-Den_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP_TR-POT-COS-II_RIC-58a_C-874a_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5-18mm_3,34g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0058a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT COS II, Modius,112 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0058a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT COS II, Modius,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Bare head right.
revers:- TR-POT-COS-II, Modius with four grain-ears and poppy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 139 A.D., ref: RIC-III-058a-p-32, C-874a,
Q-001
quadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP_TR-POT-COS-II_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_3,29g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0058a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT COS II, Modius, Plated (Fouree) #2106 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0058a, Rome, AR-Denarius, TR POT COS II, Modius, Plated (Fouree) #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P, Bare head right.
revers:- TR-POT-COS-II, Modius with four grain-ears and poppy.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 139 A.D., ref: RIC-III-058a-p-32, C-874a,
Q-002
quadrans
Ant_Pius_Ar-Den_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP_TR-P-XIIII_COS-IIII_RIC-196_RSC-220_BMC-717_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5mm_3,07g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0196, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Genius standing left,91 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0196, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Genius standing left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XIIII, Laureate bearded head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Genius standing left, holding ears of grain and patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 150-151 A.D., ref: RIC-III-196-p-50, RSC-220, BMC-717,
Q-001
quadrans
Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRP-XV_COS-IIII_Q-001_3_40g.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1102 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XV, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,40g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 151-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-204-p-51, C-288,
Q-001
quadrans
Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRP-XV_COS-IIII_RIC-_-AD_Q-002_6h_17,5-18mm_3,07g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #277 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0204, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #2
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XV, Laureate head right.
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,07g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 151-152 A.D., ref: RIC-III-204-p-51, C-288,
Q-002
quadrans
Antoninus-Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-PP-TRPXVI_COS-IIII_Q-001a_2_53g.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0221, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1107 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0221, Rome, AR-Denarius, COS-IIII, Annona, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVI, Laureate head right
revers:- COS-IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius on galley prow
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,53g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 152-153 A.D., ref: RIC-III-221-p-53, C-290,
Q-001
quadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AR-Den_AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS_IVVENTAS_RIC-423a-A-Pius_C-_Rome-140-44-AD_Q-001_0h_16,5-18mm_3,45ga-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing, 100 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0423a (Ant.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, IVVENTAS, Iuventas standing facing,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F-COS, Bare-headed, draped bust right. (bust type not in RIC !!!).
revers:- IVVEN-TAS, Iuventas standing facing, head left, right hand dropping a grain of incense onto candelabrum-altar, and holding patera.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 3,45g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 140-144 A.D., ref: RIC-423a, p- Antonius Pius, C-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Marc-Aurelius_AE-AS_AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F_TR-POT-III-COS-II_(Fides)_S-C_RIC--Ant-Pius-_C-_Rome_151-52-AD_Q-001_0h_27-27,5mm_10,81g-s.jpg
037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1288b (Ant.Pius), Rome, AE-As, TR POT III COS II/S-C, Fides standing right,90 views037a Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 1288b (Ant.Pius), Rome, AE-As, TR POT III COS II/S-C, Fides standing right,
avers:- AVRELIVS-CAE-SAR-AVG-P-II-F, Bare headed, bust right.
revers:- TR-POT-III-COS-II, Fides standing right, holding two grain ears and a plate of fruit in her left, S-C across the field.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 27-27,5mm, weight: 10,81g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date:148-149 A.D., ref: RIC-III-1288b (Ant.Pius), p-179, C-, Sear-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
037_Marcus_Aurelius_(139-161_A_D__as_Caesar,_161-180_A_D__as_Augustus),_AR-Denarius,_RIC_III_142,_Rome,_P_M_TR_P_XIX_IMP_III_COS_III,-s.jpg
037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left,93 views037b Marcus Aurelius (139-161 A.D. as Caesar, 161-180 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0142, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XIX IMP III COS III, Annona standing left,
avers:- M-ANTONINVS-AVG-ARMENIACVS, Laurate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XIX-IMP-III-COS-III, Annona standing left, holding grain-ears over modius and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date:165 A.D., ref: RIC-III-142, p-224, C-484, Sear-4922,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Pertinax_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-P-HELV-PERTIN-AVG_OPI-DIVIN-TR-P-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-8a-p_C-43_Rome-193_AD_Q-001_6h_16-17,5mm_2,60g-s.jpg
043 Pertinax (193 A.D.), RIC IV-I 008a, Rome, AR-Denarius, OPI-DIVIN-TR-P-COS-II, Ops seated left, Rare!138 views043 Pertinax (193 A.D.), RIC IV-I 008a, Rome, AR-Denarius, OPI-DIVIN-TR-P-COS-II, Ops seated left, Rare!
avers:- IMP-CAES-P-HELV-PERTIN-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- OPI-DIVIN-TR-P-COS-II, Ops seated left, holding grain ears.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,60g, axis: 6h ,
mint: Rome, date: 193 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-8a, p-, C-33, S-, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
RI_044am_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC -43 viewsDenarius
Obv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P bare head right
Rev:- COS III, Virtus,standing right, holding scepter and parazonium; left foot raised, resting on helmet.
Unknown Eastern Mint. Bust style is very well executed and good enough to be from Rome.
Reference:- RIC -, cf RSC 355, cf BMC Page 380 #25 (Vienna) (draped bare head bust right) same reverse die though the image is very grainy.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 044b img.jpg
044 - Hadrian denarius - RIC 241a58 viewsObv:– HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, Bare head right
Rev:– FIDES PVBLICA, Fides standing right holding grain ears and a basket of fruit
Reference RIC 241a
(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI_044y_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC 241A21 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right.
Rev:- FIDES PVBLICA, Fides standing right, holding a basket of fruit and grain ears
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 241A. RSC 716.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_048af_img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius denarius - RIC 22113 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI, laureate head right
Rev:- COS IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain-ears & resting hand on modius
Minted in Rome. A.D. 153
Reference(s) – RIC 221. RSC 290
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RI_048v_img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius, Denarius - RIC 054b28 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right
Rev: TR POT COS II, clasped hands holding caduceus and grain-ears.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 138-139
Reference:– BMC 112. RIC III 54b. RSC 873

3.40g, 18.16mm, 180o
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 049b img.jpg
049 - Faustina Snr. Denarius - RIC 36066 viewsObv:– DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped Bust head right, hair in bun
Rev:– AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and torch
Reference RIC 360
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-207-p118_C-493_Rome-207-Scarce_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5mm_3,44g-s.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 207, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Africa standing right,313 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 207, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Africa standing right,
avers:- SEVERVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P, Africa standing right, resting hand on hip and holding grain ears; lion to right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 3,44 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 207 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-207, p118, C-493,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Septimius-Severus_AR-Den_IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II_FELI-CIT-TEM-POR_RIC-373var_Emesa-194-5-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_xxmm_2,83g-s~0.jpg
049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373var, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FELICIT TEMPOR, Stalk of grain, Scarce92 views049 Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 373var, Emesa (Antioch), AR-Denarius, FELICIT TEMPOR, Stalk of grain, Scarce
avers:- IMP-CAEL-SEP-SEV-PERT-AVG-COS-II, Laurate bust right.
revers:- FELI-CIT-TEM-POR, Stalk of grain between crossed cornucopia.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,83g, axis: 0h,
mint: Emesa (Antioch), date: 194-95 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-373var, p-141, C-142b,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P_RIC-IV-I-195-p-240_Rome-212-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19,5-20mm_3,28g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 195, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated left,95 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 195, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XV COS III P P, Annona seated left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XV-COS-III-P-P, Annona seated left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 212 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-195, p-240,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_052c_img.jpg
052 - Faustina Junior Denarius - RIC 25226 viewsObv:– FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust of Faustina Junior right
Rev:– CERES, Ceres, veiled, seated left on cista, holding grain ears and torch
Minted in Rome, A.D. 175
Reference:– BMCRE (Marcus) 81. RIC 669. RSC 35a

Weight 3.27g. 18.64mm.
maridvnvm
RI_052e_img.jpg
052 - Faustina Junior denarius - RIC 669 (Aurelius)18 viewsDenarius
Obv:– FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair pulled back and tied in bun behind neck
Rev:– CERES, Ceres seated left on chest, holding grain ears in extended right hand, short torch cradled in left arm
Minted in Rome, A.D. 161-164
Reference(s) – BMCRE 81 (Aurelius). MIR 18, 2-4b. RIC III 669 (Aurelius)
maridvnvm
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,71g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left,92 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left,
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe: , diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,71g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, C-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-002_0h_18,5-19mm_2,62g-s.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),83 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,62g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Geta_AR-Den_P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES_PONTIF-COS-II_RIC-IV-I-59b-p-321_C-114_Roma-209-AD_Q-002_0h_18,5-19mm_2,62g-s~0.jpg
053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),89 views053 Geta (209-211 A.D.), RIC IV-I 059b, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- P-SEPTIMIVS-GETA-CAES, Bare head right, bearded.
revers:- PONTIF-COS-II, Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,62g, axis:- 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 209 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-059b-p-321, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-114,
Q-001
quadrans
Severus-Alexander_AR-Den_IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG_PROVIDEN-TIA-AVG_RIC-IV-II_252-p-_C-508a_231-AD_Q-001_6h_18-20mm_2,66g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,65 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 252, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing facing,
avers:-IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:-PROVIDEN-TIA-AVG, Providentia standing facing, head left, holding anchor and grain ears over modius.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axis:6h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-252, p-_C-508a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_064ng_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O3 - RIC -43 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SEP SEV - PER AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 – A.D. 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC - (369 var.). RSC 68 var.

A nice example from this unusual obverse legend variant.

Ex- Forum Ancient Coins
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064en_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -20 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa, Late A.D. 193
References:– RIC -, RSC -, BMCRE -.

3.01g, 19.06mm, 0o

This coin is an obverse and reverse die match to a coin on the Barry Murphy Severan site
maridvnvm
RI_064rm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - 40 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TIMPO (sic), two grain ears between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen -. BMCRE -, RIC IV -, RSC -

Not previously known with two grain ears.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064ij_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG II COS, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 193
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

3.67g, 17.37mm, 180o

4 specimens known, Budapest, Barry Murphy (2 spec.) and this example, all from the same die pair. The same reverse die muled with an obverse legend ending II C, BM ex Bickford-Smith
maridvnvm
RI_064nn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -33 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG II COS, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064kg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -14 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONA .. SPEI, Fides (Bonus Eventus in RIC) standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -

A mix up with the reverse legend and reverse type.
maridvnvm
RI_064pd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -22 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus) standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064pz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE 345 notes. RIC -.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064so_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -28 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE 345 notes. RIC -.

I now have two examples. Two different obverse dies and two different reverse dies.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064sp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -36 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus) standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064kd_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -6 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTV, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 195
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC IV -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error20 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_reva.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - rev 115 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die.
maridvnvm
RI_064sv_revb.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC - error - rev 214 viewsdenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICITAS TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae / VICTOR SEVER AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath in right hand, palm in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 194-195
Reference:– BMCRE 347 note/ BMCRE 399. RIC 347A/RIC 428. RSC 141b/RSC 749

The reverse of this coin has been struck with two diffrerent reverse dies during the strking process. The coin was originally struck, not removed and then struck again with a different reverse die
maridvnvm
RI_064fw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 35217 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides (Bonus Eventus - RIC) standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 352 (Scarce). RSC 66

3.03g, 17.99mm, 0o
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064bc_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36912 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev: – BONI E-V-ENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 343, RIC 369, RCV02 6267, RSC 68
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 2.48g
maridvnvm
RI_064fg_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36920 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I-I, Laureate head right
Rev: – BONI E-VENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 343, RIC 369, RCV02 6267, RSC 68
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.35g
maridvnvm
RI_064ld_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36917 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI E-V-ENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 343. RIC IV 369. RSC 68
maridvnvm
RI_064ll_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36913 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 343. RIC 369. RSC 68
maridvnvm
RI_064lp_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36918 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 343. RIC IV 369. RSC 68.
maridvnvm
RI_064qu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36919 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EV-ENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 343. RIC IV 369. RSC 68
maridvnvm
RI_064rw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 36913 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 343. RIC IV 369. RSC 68
maridvnvm
RI_064hz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 369 Note15 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev: – BON-I EVENTV, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194 - 195
References:– BMCRE 343 Note, RIC 369 Note, RSC 68b all citing RD Hoard Page 94 where 4 examples are cited
Die axis 180 degrees. Weight 2.80g
maridvnvm
RI_064dw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37021 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE W345, RIC IV 370, RSC 69
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.13g
maridvnvm
RI_064lq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37024 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 345. RIC IV 370. RSC 69a.
maridvnvm
RI_064oe_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37017 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE 345. RIC IV 370. RSC 69a.
maridvnvm
RI_064my_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37212 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPO, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in eastern COS II mint (Emesa ?). A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen 142. BMCRE 347 note. RIC IV 372 (Rated S). RSC 142.

On the face of it this coin is simply RIC IV 372 though RIC notes that Cohen likely has SEPT in error. RIC and BMCRE cite Cohen 142 for this variant (TEMPO instead of the usual TEMPOR). Cohen 142 reads FELICIT TEMPOR or TEMPO. It would appear that RIC and BMCRE could not find other examples of the TEMPO type other than Cohen when mentioning this variation.
maridvnvm
RI_064di_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 37316 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:- Cohen 142. BMCRE 347, RIC IV 373 (S), RSC 142b
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.18g
maridvnvm
RI_064fb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 373 Note19 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FELICIT TEMPOM (sic), grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference:- RIC IV 373 note
Die axis 0 degrees. Weight 3.09g
maridvnvm
RI_064hy_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 447 var3 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERET AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI E-V-ENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMCRE 427 (Appears to be the same obverse die, different reverse legend break). RIC 447 var (PERT rather than PERET). RSC 67c
maridvnvm
RI_064ge_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.21 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI_064mo_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI_064sa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 467 corr.13 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BON EVENT, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 197
Reference:– BMCRE 437 Note corr. (VIII not VII). RIC 467 corr. (S) (467 is IMP VII). Cohen 63 (citing Paris).

Evidently no examples of this reverse legend variety were seen by the authors of RIC or BMCRE as they both note the coin but cite Cohen 63 which evidently cites a misread obverse legend of VII likely being VII-I from Paris.
maridvnvm
RI 064gh img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47432 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 196-197
References:– RIC 474 (scarce). RSC 67b.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064gh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47419 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– BONI EVENTVS, Fides standing left holding basket of fruits in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 196-197
References:– RIC 474 (scarce). RSC 67b.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pu_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 47518 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– CERER FRVGIF, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 198
Reference:– BMCRE 441. RIC 475 (S). RSC 70
maridvnvm
RI_064nh_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 511a25 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– P MAX TR P VIII COS II P P, Fides standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare A.D. 198 – A.D. 202
Reference:– RIC 511a. RSC 455.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pk_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 511a36 viewsObv:– L . SEPT SEV AVG IMP - XI PART MA-X . , Laureate head right
Rev:– P MAX T-R P VIII COS II P P, Fides standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare A.D. 198 – A.D. 202
Reference:– RIC 511a. RSC 455.

Large flan. Full, well centred strike.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064lv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC Page 139 (-)27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FEILECITAS (sic) TEMPOR, grain ear between crossed cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_065bz_img.jpg
065 - Julia Doman Denarius - cf RIC 61932 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– FELECI[TAS] TEMPOR, Basket of grains and fruit.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 - 195
Reference(s) – cf RIC IV 619; cf BMCRE 415;

The FELECI is clear but I am supposing the TAS based upon the spacing and what would appear to be the ghosting of the letter that have been lost through clogging.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_065q_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61615 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– BONI EV-ENTVS (S modified from C), Fides standing left, holding plate of fruit in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – RIC Emesa 616 (Rare); BMCRE 328B; RSC 10.

S modified from C not noted in references.
Martin Griffiths
RI_065bq_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 61620 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– BONI EV-ENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left, holding plate of fruit in right hand, grain ears in left
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-194
Reference:– RIC 616 (R) ; BMCRE 328B; RSC 10
maridvnvm
RI_065aa_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 616A16 viewsObv:– IVLIA DOMNA AVG, Draped bust right
Rev:– CERER FRVG, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– BMCRE pg. 102. RIC IV 616A, RSC 13a
Martin Griffiths
RI_065ab_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 62135 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– FELECITAS TEMPOR, Grain ear between crossed cornucopiae.
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194 195
Reference(s) – RIC IV 621 (Rare, Septimius confirmed, noted as doubtful by RIC but with FELICITAS)
Martin Griffiths
RI_065s_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 63613 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– CERERI F-RVGIF, Ceres seated left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 202
References:– BMC S10-13. RIC 636. RSC 14.
Martin Griffiths
RI_065by_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - RIC 63636 viewsObv:– IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– CERERI FRVGIF, Ceres seated left, holding grain ears in right hand, torch in left
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196 - 202
References:– BMC S10-13. RIC 636. RSC 14.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066bg img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 024a35 viewsObv:– IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– FIDES PVBLICA, Fides standing left, holding grain ears in left hand, plate of fruit in right
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 198
Reference(s) – RIC 24a (Rare). RSC 82b

This is the rarer variety where Fides is facing left instead of right.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/730 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_01_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/732 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_04_rev_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 30 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 22 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
11340.jpg
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0224 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_07.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0312 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_09.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 04 17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - rev15 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
072_Gordianus-III_(238-244_A_D_)_AE-27_AVT-K-_-___-W-________C-(_V_)_V_-CAB-MO_ECTOV-NI-KO_O_EIT(_N)-(_P)_O-C-I-C_Nicop-ad-Istr_HHJ-08_36_5_1-Q-1-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,64 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-Μ-ΑΝΤ-W-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-(ΑVΓ), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEIT(ΩN)-(ΠP)_O-C-I-C, Demeter standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on long burning torch and holding in right hand grain-ears.
exe: -/O/C/I/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus 241-244 A.D., date: 241-244 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 08.36.5.1,
Q-001
quadrans
Cappadocia,_Caesarea,_073p_Tranquilina,_Syd-618,_AE_21,_CAB_T_#929;ANKY_#923;_#923;INA_AY_#915;,_MHTR_KAI_B_NE_ET-Z,_SGI_3864,_244_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21mm,_6,28g-s.jpg
073p Tranquilina (241-244 A.D., Augusta), Cappadocia, Caesarea, Syd. 618, AE-21, MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears, #135 views073p Tranquilina (241-244 A.D., Augusta), Cappadocia, Caesarea, Syd. 618, AE-21, MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears, #1
Wife of Emperor Gordian III.
avers: CAB TΡANKYΛΛINA AYΓ, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears bound together, ЄT-Z across the field.
exergue: ЄT/Z//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 6,28g, axis:0h,
mint: Cappadocia, Caesarea, date: Year=7, 244 A.D., ref: Syd-618,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 077i img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 13348 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the rear
Rev:– ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left holding cornucopia, grain ears, modius at her feet
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 133, RSC 23
maridvnvm
Salonina-Billon-Ant_SALONINA-AVG_VENVS-VICTRIX_RIC-68_Gobl-899c_C-129_Koln_Q-001_7h_20-22,5mm_3,45g-s.jpg
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068, Cologne, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,72 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068, Cologne, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- VENVS-VICTRIX, Venus standing left, shield on ground behind her, holding apple in right hand and grain ear in left.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-22,5 mm, weight: 3,45 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Cologne, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-068, p-, Göbl-899c,
Q-001
quadrans
traian as4.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE as - struck 103-111 AD49 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PMTRP COS II PP (laureate head right)
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI (Annona standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopiae; modius with grain ears and prow at her feet), S-C in field
ref: RIC II 492, C.470(3frcs)
11.63gms, 26mm
berserker
trajan_RIC243.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AR denarius - struck 112-114 AD127 viewsobv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI PP (laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder)
rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI (Abundantia standing left, holding cornucopiae and grain ears; at her feet, a child holding a roll), in ex. ALIM ITAL [Alimenta Italiae]
ref: RIC II 243, C.9 (3frcs)
mint: Rome
2.91gms, 19mm

The Alimenta was a welfare program for poor children and orphans. Credit for designing the program is usually attributed to Nerva, but it was increased and formally organized under Trajan. The Alimenta was funded from several sources. Probably, money from the Dacian Wars was used to initially underwrite the program; however, the long-term existence of the program was insured through 5% interest paid by wealthy landowners on loans and estate taxes. Philanthropy was also encouraged and contributed to the total funding.
Under Alimenta, boys of freemen received 16 sesterces monthly, girls received 12, while children borne out of wedlock received a bit less. The Alimenta was supplemented with a special young girls foundation initiated by Antoninus Pius in honor of his deceased wife Faustina. Municipal magistrates administered the alimentary funds and in turn were supervised by imperial clerks who had the status of knights.
1 commentsberserker
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-55.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5516 viewsAE tessera
3.31 g, 16.4 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Votive urn.
Rev. Modius with three ears of grain.
Cohen 55.
cckk
Thrace,_Byzantion,__AR_Siglos_340-320_BC~0.jpg
1. Thrace, Byzantion, 340-320 BC, AR Siglos38 viewsHeifer standing left above dolphin, VΠΥ above.
Incuse square of mill-sail pattern.

SNG BM Black Sea 21; SNG Copenhagen 476; Sear GCV 1579.

(17 mm, 5.36 g)
Classical Numismatic Group electronic Auction 146, 23 August 2006, 34.

Standing on the European side of the Bosporos, Byzantion with its twin city Kalchedon on the Asia Minor side of the Bosporos was the ancient gateway between the two continents, a role that continues to the present.

The symbolism of the bull and the heifer on the obverse of the coins of twin cities of Kalchedon (Asia Minor) and Byzantion (Europe) respectively is striking and points to a shared identity. They stood astride the southern entrance to the Bosporus. Both were 7th century BC foundations of Megara and jointly they controlled the vital grain trade from the Black Sea into the Mediterranean.

The grain ear upon which the bull of Kalchedon stands alludes to this fact. That of the dolphin beneath the Heifer of Byzantion is a reflection of the maritime orientation of the city and the bountiful pods of dolphins that even to this day frolic in swift flowing waters of the Bosporus beneath the old city walls of Constantinople which succeded Byzantion and was in turn succeded by Istanbul.
1 commentsn.igma
10_Titus_RIC_II_25Black.jpg
10 Titus RIC II 2552 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 79 A.D. (19mm, 3.21 g, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, Laureate head right. Rev: TR P VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII, Slow quadriga left, bearing grain ears.
RIC II 25; RSC 276.

Ex: CNG Auction
1 commentsPaddy
IMG_3033.JPG
100 Titus 20 viewsTitus
Denarius. 79 AD. IMP T CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right / CERES AVGVST, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears with poppy and sceptre.

RSC 31a RIC 3
Sear 2504
3 commentsRandygeki(h2)
coin310.JPG
104. Antoninus Pius22 viewsAntoninus Pius, as Caesar, ? As. 138 AD. IMP T AELIVS CAESAR ANTONINVS, draped bust right / TRIB POT COS S-C, clasped hands holding grain ears and caduceus. RIC 1088b [Hadrian], Cohen 1067.
ecoli
3290446.jpg
104. Antoninus Pius38 viewsAntoninus Pius. AD 138-161. Ć Sestertius (31mm, 24.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 149. Laureate head right / Crossed cornucopias from which a grape bunch flanked by two grain ears hang, surmounted by busts of boy. RIC III 857; Banti 410. Near VF, brown patina, minor surface roughness.

From the Fairfield Collection. Ex Pegasi Auctions 25 (8 November 2011), lot 504.

The infants are thought to be T. Aelius Antoninus and T. Aurelius Antoninus, the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior born in AD 149. These were the first male offspring of the couple, offering hope for the establishment of the new dynasty, but both died in infancy.

Ex-CNG Eauction 329 446/150/180
ecoli
1000-16-149.jpg
107. Pertinax35 viewsPertinax

Only a mediocre public speaker, Pertinax was first and foremost a gritty old soldier. He was heavily built, had a pot belly, although it was said, even by his critics, that he possessed the proud air of an emperor.
He possessed some charm, but was generally understood to be a rather sly character. He also acquired a reputation for being mean and greedy. He apparently even went as far as serving half portions of lettuce and artichoke before he became emperor. It was a characteristic which would not serve him well as an emperor.

When he took office, Pertinax quickly realized that the imperial treasury was in trouble. Commodus had wasted vast sums on games and luxuries. If the new emperor thought that changes would need to be made to bring the finances back in order he was no doubt right. But he sought to do too much too quickly. In the process he made himself enemies.

The gravest error, made at the very beginning of his reign, was to decide to cut some of the praetorian's privileges and that he was going to pay them only half the bonus he had promised.
Already on 3 January AD 193 the praetorians tried to set up another emperor who would pay up. But that senator, wise enough to stay out of trouble, merely reported the incident to Pertinax and then left Rome.

The ordinary citizens of Rome however also quickly had enough of their new emperor. Had Commodus spoilt them with lavish games and festivals, then now Pertinax gave them very little.
And a truly powerful enemy should be the praetorian prefect Laetus. The man who had after all put Pertinax on the throne, was to play an important role in the emperor's fate. It isn't absolutely clear if he sought to be an honest advisor of the emperor, but saw his advise ignored, or if he sought to manipulate Pertinax as his puppet emperor. In either case, he was disappointed.

And so as Pertinax grew ever more unpopular, the praetorians once more began to look for a new emperor. In early March, When Pertinax was away in Ostia overseeing the arrangements for the grain shipments to Rome, they struck again. This time they tried to set up one of the consuls, Quintus Sosius Falco.

When Pertinax returned to Rome he pardoned Falco who'd been condemned by the senate, but several praetorians were executed. A slave had given them away as being part of the conspiracy.
These executions were the final straw. On 28 March AD 193 the praetorians revolts.
300 hundred of them forced the gates to the palace. None of the guards sought to help their emperor.
Everyone, so it seemed, wanted rid of this emperor. So, too, Laetus would not listen as Pertinax ordered him to do something. The praetorian prefect simply went home, leaving the emperor to his fate.

Pertinax did not seek to flee. He stood his ground and waited, together with his chamberlain Eclectus. As the praetorians found him, they did not discover an emperor quivering with fear, but a man determined on convincing them to put down their weapons. Clearly the soldiers were over-awed by this brave man, for he spoke to them for some time. But eventually their leader found enough courage to step forwards and hurl his spear at the emperor. Pertinax fell with the spear in his chest. Eclectus fought bravely for his life, stabbing two, before he two was slain by the soldiers.
The soldiers then cut off Pertinax' head, stuck it on a spear and paraded through the streets of Rome.

Pertinax had ruled for only 87 days. He was later deified by Septimius Severus.

RI1. Pertinax. A.D. 193. AR denarius (18.0 mm, 2.74 g, 7 h). Rome mint. Rare. IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right / OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, holding two stalks of grain, resting hand on seat of throne. RIC 8a; RSC 33; BMCRE 19. aVF, flan crack.
ecoli
17457717_10155114938012232_4780613556318406928_n.jpg
13. Antiochos VII Euergetes11 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. Ć Antioch mint. Dated SE 179 (134/3 BC). Winged bust of Eros right / Isis headdress; monogram above grain ear to outer left, ΘOP (date) below. SC 2067.14; HGC 9, 1087. VF, earthen green patina.ecoli
MaxentiusRIC163.jpg
1307a, Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.60 viewsBronze follis, RIC 163, aEF, Rome mint, 5.712g, 25.6mm, 0o, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATO-RES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in ex; rare. Ex FORVM; Ex Maridvnvm


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maxentius (306-312 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian, Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, although there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politically astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started using the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
1286_P_Hadrian_RPC1323.jpg
1323 Hadrian, Cistophorus MYSIA Pergamum mint, bundle of six grain stalks15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1323; Metcalf 2; RIC 518; C. 440

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head, draped bust right, seen from

Rev. COS III
Bundle of six grain stalks

10.96 gr
28 mm
12h
okidoki
135_BC,_C__Augurinus,_AR-Den,_ROMA,_Roma_head_r_,_X,_C_A_VG,_Ionic_column,_Cr242-1,_Syd_463,_Q-001,_0h,_17-18,7mm,_3,54g-s.jpg
135 B.C., C. Minucius Augurinus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 242/1, Rome, C•A/VG//--, Ionic column surmounted by the statue,127 views135 B.C., C. Minucius Augurinus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 242/1, Rome, C•A/VG//--, Ionic column surmounted by the statue,
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, ROMA behind, X below the chin.
reverse: C•A-VG flanking Ionic column surmounted by the statue, at the base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right, holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus.
exergue: C•A/VG//--, diameter: 17,0-18,7mm, weight: 3,54g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 135 B.C., ref: Crawford 242/1, Sydenham 463, Minucia 3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
antpius sest-.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AE sestertius - struck 149 AD34 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII (laureate bust right)
rev: TEMPORVM FELICITAS, COS IIII in exergue, S C across field (crossed cornucopiae from which a grape bunch flanked by two grain ears hang, surmounted by busts of two boys, vis-á -vis)
ref: RIC III 857, Cohen 813 (8frcs), BMC 1825note
23.14gms, 30mm,
Rare

The infants are thought to represent T. Aelius Antoninus and T. Aurelius Antoninus, the twin sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior born in 149 AD. These were the first male offspring of the couple, offering hope for the establishment of the new dynasty, but both died in infancy.
The coin is before cleaning.
berserker
antpius den01-.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 139 AD32 viewsobv: ANTONINVS [AVG] PIVS PP (bare head right)
rev: TR P[OT] COS II (modius with two grain ears & poppy)
ref: RIC III 44, RSC834 (3frcs)
3.26gms, 18mm,
Scarce
berserker
1316_P_Hadrian_RPC1384.jpg
1384 Hadrian, Cistophorus SARDIS Lydia, Demeter standing3 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1384; Metcalf 45; RIC 486

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Demeter advancing right, holding grain stalks, and poppies in r. and transverse sceptre in l.; in upper r. field, star

10.65 gr
28 mm
7h
okidoki
1320_P_Hadrian_RPC1385.jpg
1385 Hadrian, Cistophorus SARDIS Lydia, Demeter standing2 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1385; Metcalf 46

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Demeter advancing right, holding grain stalks, and poppies in r. and transverse sceptre in left

10.86 gr
26 mm
8h
okidoki
539_P_Hadrian_RIC510.jpg
1386 Hadrian, Cistophorus SARDIS Lydia Cult statue of Kore standing50 viewsReference.
RIC II 510; Metcalf 47; RSC 279; RPC III, 1386

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head Right.

Rev. COS III
Cult statue of Kore standing facing; stalk of grain to left, stalk of grain and poppy to right.

9.98 gr
27 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
RI 141q img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 7729 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the rear.
Rev:– PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left. holding cornucopiae in left and two grain stalks in right; at feet, modius
Minted in Lugdunum (C in right field) A.D. 285
References:– RIC V part II Lugdunum 77 Bust Type C. Bastien 13.
maridvnvm
1302_P_Hadrian_RPC1410.jpg
1410 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor, Bundle of grain four ears16 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1410; Metcalf 66; (same die pair as M303 plate)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder,

Rev. COS III (across top)
Poppy and four grain stalks in bundle

9.26 gr
28 mm
1h
1 commentsokidoki
702_P_Hadrian_RIC518.jpg
1431 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor. 128 AD Six grain ears tied in a bundle.14 viewsReference.
RIC 518; C. 440; Metcalf 85; RPC III, 1431

http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/3/1431/

Mint B

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right.

Rev. COS-III
Bundle of six grain ears.

10.53 gr
28 mm
6h
okidoki
1034_P_Hadrian_RPC1441.jpg
1441 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 128 AD Hadrian standing31 viewsReference.
RPC III 1441; Metcalf Type 92, 35; RIC 532.

Obv. IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Head of Augustus right

Rev. HADRIANVS AVG P P REN
Hadrian togate standing half-l. holding grain stalk in r. and wrapping l. in toga.

10.31 gr
26 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
954_P_Hadrian_RPC1441.jpg
1441A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 128 AD Hadrian standing35 viewsReference.
unpublished; RPC III, 1441var. on reverse legend; RIC 532 var.; C. 576 var. (Augustus); Metcalf, Cistophori of Hadrian 92 var.

Person Augustus (under Hadrian) (Divus)

Obv. IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Head of Augustus r.

Rev. HADRIANVS AVGGVSTVS REN (sic)
Hadrian togate standing half-left, holding grain stalk in right and roll in left in toga.

9.89 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Peus auction 420 lot 305
Sammlung Dr. Neussel Nr. 385
3 commentsokidoki
564Hadrian_eastern_Strack.jpg
145 Hadrian, Denarius 134-138 AD, Egypt Eastern Mint 61 viewsReference.
Strack *61 var.; cf RIC II, 297

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare head right

Rev. AEGYPTOS
Egypt reclining left, sistrum in right hand, left arm resting on modius filled with grain ears, ibis at feet

2.73 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
511_P_Hadrian_unpub_.jpg
1461A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor. 128 AD Five grain ears tied in a bundle45 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1461A; cf Metcalf 107; RIC II 518 var. (six grain ears); Metcalf, Cistophori -; Pinder 87 var. (same); BMCRE pg. 391, note var. (same); RSC 441 var. (same).

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right.

Rev. COS III
bundle of five grain stalks splayed

10.65 gr
26 mm
6h

note.
Ex
Heidelberger Münzhandlung Herbert Grün
Auction 66 2015 Lot 134

Ex. Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH
Auction 153 2009 Lot 8735
Ex. CNG 2004
Sale: CNG 66, Lot: 1488
4 commentsokidoki
544_P_Hadrian_RIC480.jpg
1472A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 138 AD Bundle of six grain ears46 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1472A; RIC 480; Pinder 88; BMCRE p. 391; cf Metcalf 93

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III.
Bundle of six grain ears, pellet in middle.

8.58 gr
27 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
20150620_163405-horz.jpg
15 Antoninus Pius RIC 17533 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-161 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 144-148 AD. (3.45g, 18.53g) Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P F TR P XII, Laureate head right. Rev: COS IIII, Annona standing facing, head left, with grain-ears over modius & anchor.
RIC 175; RSC 284

Ex: Tyche Numismatics
1 commentsPaddy
faustinaWife.jpg
15 Faustina RIC 36013 viewsDiva Faustina I. Died A.D. 140/1. AR denarius (18.0 mm, 2.93 g, 5 h). Rome mint, Struck A.D. 141-146. DIVA FAVSTINA, diademed and draped bust right / AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and long torch.
RIC 360; BMCRE 408; RSC 78

Ex: Agora Auctions
Paddy
ma015.JPG
160 Marcus Aurelius84 viewsMarcus Aurelius AE Dupondius. 175 AD. M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXIX, radiate head right, seen from behind / IMP VII COS III S-C, Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius containing two grain ears & poppy, & cornucopiae. Cohen 334v. RIC 1134v Randygeki(h2)
012.JPG
160 Marcus Aurelius67 viewsMarcus Aurelius, 7 March 161- 17 March 180 A.D.

Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III Pius 1270, Cohen 614, aF, 23.910g, 31.5mm, 0o, Rome mint, 147 - 148 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F, bare head right; reverse TR POT II COS II S C, Fides standing right, ears of grain in right, basket of fruit in raised left
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
commodus sest-2.jpg
177-192 AD - COMMODUS AE sestertius - struck 181-182 AD29 viewsobv: M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG (laureate head right)
rev: TRP VII IMP IIII COS III PP / S.C. (Annona standing left, holding statuette over modius containing five grain ears, & cornucopiae; stern of ship, decorated with figure of Victory & containing two figures, behind)
ref: RIC III 325a, C.836
22.32gms, 28mm

The Annona holding figure holds patera and sceptre and is probably meant for Concordia (RIC III pp 405).
berserker
1794_EARL_HOWE.JPG
1794 AE Halfpenny, Emsworth, Hampshire.84 viewsObverse: EARL HOWE & THE GLORIOUS FIRST OF JUNE. "Youthful" bust of Earl Howe, wearing tricorn hat and with hair in long pigtail tied with a ribbon, facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1794.
Edge: “PAYABLE AT LONDON LIVERPOOL OR BRISTOL •.
Diameter: 29mm.
Dalton & Hamer: 13

During the 18th and 19th centuries Emsworth was a busy little port, known for shipbuilding, boat building and rope making. Grain from the area was ground into flour by tidal mills at Emsworth and the flour was then transported by ship to places like London and Portsmouth. Timber from the area was also exported from Emsworth in the 18th and 19th centuries.

This token was probably issued by John Stride, a grocer and tea dealer with a business in Emsworth, and the dies were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon. The token was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, Knight of the Garter and Admiral of the Fleet was born on 8th March, 1726. He was a British naval officer notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars. He died on the 5th of August, 1799.

The Glorious First of June, 1794 was the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between Britain and the French during the French Revolutionary Wars. The British, under Admiral Lord Howe, attempted to prevent the passage of a vital grain convoy from the United States, which was protected by the French fleet commanded by Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse. The two forces clashed in the Atlantic Ocean, some 400 nautical miles west of the French island of Ushant, on the first of June 1794. During the battle both fleets were so severely damaged that both Howe and Villaret were compelled to return to their home ports. Both sides claimed victory and the outcome of the battle was seized upon by the press of both nations as a demonstration of the prowess and bravery of their respective navies.
*Alex
1795_Kilvington.JPG
1795 AE Halfpenny, Brunswick, Middlesex.78 viewsObverse: PAYABLE AT J.KILVINGTONS. Laureate head facing left.
Reverse: BRUNSWICK HALFPENNY • . Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter: 29mm
Dalton & Hamer: 346

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Wyon and it was manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.

The token was issued by John Kilvington, a grocer and tea dealer at No. 153 Drury Lane, London.

The identity of the bust on the obverse of this token is uncertain, but it may represent a member of the Royal family, even George III himself since the Duke of Brunswick was among his titles.
*Alex
1795_EARL_HOWE_HALFPENNY.JPG
1795 AE Halfpenny, Emsworth or Portsmouth, Hampshire.51 viewsObverse: EARL HOWE & THE GLORIOUS FIRST OF JUNE. "Elderly" bust of Earl Howe, wearing tricorn hat and with hair tied with a ribbon at back, facing left.
Reverse: RULE BRITANNIA. Britannia facing left, seated on globe, her right hand holding spear, her left arm holding laurel-branch and resting on shield at her side; in exergue, 1795.
Edge: “PAYABLE IN LONDON” the remainder engrailed.
Diameter: 29mm.
Dalton & Hamer: 23b

This token was probably issued by John Stride, a grocer and tea dealer with a business in Emsworth, and the dies were likely engraved by Thomas Wyon. The token was probably manufactured by Peter Kempson at his mint in Birmingham.
These 18th century tokens are often generically referred to as “Conder” tokens, the name originating from James Conder, a linen draper from Tavern Street in Ipswich. Conder was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892.

Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, Knight of the Garter and Admiral of the Fleet was born on 8th March, 1726. He was a British naval officer notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars. He died on the 5th of August, 1799.

The Glorious First of June, 1794 was the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between Britain and the French during the French Revolutionary Wars. The British, under Admiral Lord Howe, attempted to prevent the passage of a vital grain convoy from the United States, which was protected by the French fleet commanded by Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse. The two forces clashed in the Atlantic Ocean, some 400 nautical miles west of the French island of Ushant, on the first of June 1794. During the battle, Howe defied naval convention by ordering his fleet to turn towards the French and for each of his vessels to rake and engage their immediate opponent. This unexpected order was not understood by all of his captains, and as a result his attack, though successful, was more piecemeal than he intended. In the course of the battle the two fleets were so severely damaged that both Howe and Villaret were compelled to return to their home ports.
Both sides claimed victory and the outcome of the battle was seized upon by the press of both countries as a demonstration of the prowess and bravery of their respective navies. France because, despite losing seven of his ships, Villaret had successfully bought enough time for the grain convoy to reach safety unimpeded by Howe's fleet and Britain because, since the French were forced to withdraw their battle-fleet to port, they were left free to conduct a campaign of blockade for the remainder of the war.
*Alex
George_III_HALFPENNY_1799.JPG
1799 GEORGE III AE HALFPENNY5 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right.
Reverse: BRITANNIA 1799. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; mint-mark SOHO below shield.
Edge: Centre grained.
Diameter: 30mm.
SPINK: 3778

This portrait of George III was designed by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler (c.1740 - 1810). Kuchler moved to Birmingham in 1795 and designed many of the coins and medals which were struck at Matthew Boulton's SOHO mint.
*Alex
Walthamstow_Brutus_Halfpenny.JPG
1809 - 1810 "BRUTUS" Undated AE Halfpenny, Walthamstow, Essex.152 viewsObverse: BRUTUS. Bare head of Lucius Junius Brutus facing left.
Reverse: Britannia seated left holding olive branch and trident, a shield at her side, BCC (British Copper Company) on the ground below; all within an oak-wreath.
Edge: Grained.
Diameter: 28mm
Bowman: 24 | Withers: 621

The principal die engraver for this token was Thomas Wyon the elder (1767–1830).

This token was issued by the British Copper Company, a Welsh based company who, in 1808, bought the Walthamstow site beside the River Lea. Walthamstow is now a suburb of north east London. The copper was smelted in "Landore" near Swansea in South Wales and brought by barge around the south coast up the Thames and the Lea to the mill. The copper ingots were then rolled into thin sheets which were sent all over the country to be stamped into coins. The main purpose of the BCC would have been to sell its copper, whether in the form of tokens, or sheets of metal. These penny and half penny tokens were not issued exclusively for use in Walthamstow, the halfpennies in particular do not bear the name of a place where they could have been redeemed except the very tiny BCC found on the ground by Britannia's shield. The copper rolling mill buildings at Walthamstow were converted into a pumping station in the 1860s and were later incorporated, by Thames Water, into a large water treatment works.

Lucius Junius Brutus, one of the first two consuls of Rome, was said to have killed two of his sons who were plotting to restore the monarchy of the Tarquins, he thus became a hero for patriotism and freedom.
*Alex
Walthamstow_VINCIT_Halfpenny.JPG
1811 "VINCIT AMOR" AE Halfpenny, Walthamstow, Essex.38 viewsObverse: VINCIT AMOR PATRIĆ 1811. Small laureate bust of Lucius Junius Brutus facing right.
Reverse: Britannia seated facing left holding olive branch and trident, a shield at her side, BCC bottom right of shield, all within an oak-wreath.
Edge: Grained.
Diameter: 28mm.
Davis 17, Coxall type 10

The principal die engraver for this token was Thomas Wyon the elder (1767–1830). It was issued by the British Copper Company, a Welsh based company who, in 1808, erected copper rolling mill buildings at Walthamstow beside the River Lea. Walthamstow is now a suburb of north east London.

'Vincit amor patrić' is a quotation from Virgil, though what Virgil wrote was vincet, in the future tense (Aeneid 6.823). The context is the visit of Aeneas to the underworld, where he sees a vision of the future of Rome, and the lines describe one of the first pair of consuls, Lucius Junius Brutus, who was said to have killed two of his sons who were plotting to restore the monarchy of the Tarquins. So it appears that Lucius Junius Brutus was chosen for this token as a hero for patriotism and freedom.
*Alex
1811_Vincit_Large_head.JPG
1811 "VINCIT AMOR" AE Halfpenny, Walthamstow, Essex.32 viewsObverse: VINCIT AMOR PATRIĆ 1811. Large laureate bust of Lucius Junius Brutus facing right.
Reverse: Britannia seated facing left holding olive branch and trident, a shield at her side, BCC bottom right of shield, all within an oak-wreath.
Edge: Grained.
Die damage, a common feature of these tokens, is visible at 10 o'clock on the obverse.
Diameter: 28mm.
Davis 17

The principal die engraver for this token was Thomas Wyon the elder (1767–1830). It was issued by the British Copper Company, a Welsh based company who, in 1808, erected copper rolling mill buildings at Walthamstow beside the River Lea. Walthamstow is now a suburb of north east London.

'Vincit amor patrić' is a quotation from Virgil, though what Virgil wrote was vincet, in the future tense (Aeneid 6.823). The context is the visit of Aeneas to the underworld, where he sees a vision of the future of Rome, and the lines describe one of the first pair of consuls, Lucius Junius Brutus, who was said to have killed two of his sons who were plotting to restore the monarchy of the Tarquins. So it appears that Lucius Junius Brutus was chosen for this token as a hero for patriotism and freedom.
*Alex
Norwich_halfpenny_1811.JPG
1811 AE HALFPENNY, Norwich, Norfolk.42 viewsObverse: NORWICH MDCCCXI. The arms of Norwich consisting of a heraldic shield containing a three towered castle above a lion passant.
Reverse: NEWTON SILVERSMTH AND JEWELLER. Britannia standing facing right, holding spear and shield, behind her, at her side, lion walking right.
Edge: Centre grained.
Diameter: 27mm
Davis 26 | Withers 923

Issued by Francis Newton, a silversmith and Jeweller in Norwich. This is possibly the same Francis Newton (or a close relative) who, in a circular to bankers, was declared bankrupt by solicitors Messrs Bignold, Pulley and Mawe of New Bridge Street, at a meeting in the Rampant Horse Inn, Norwich on 5th August, 1835.

Norwich is situated on the River Wensum and is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. During the 11th century, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important places in the kingdom. Until the Industrial Revolution, Norwich was the capital of the most populous county in the country and vied with Bristol as England's second city.
*Alex
1811_Staffordshire_Penny.JPG
1811 AE Penny, County of Staffordshire.46 viewsObverse: STAFFORDSHIRE. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right; PENNY TOKEN in smaller letters below.
Reverse: COMMERCE. Britannia seated facing left, holding olive and palm branches, shield at her side; 1811 in exergue.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter: 34mm
Withers:1090 | Davis:17

This token was issued by H. Bayliss and Company, Birmingham.
*Alex
1812_BRITISH_NAVAL_HALFPENNY.JPG
1812 AE Non-local Halfpenny Token. Stockton on Tees, Yorkshire.20 viewsObverse: ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN TO DO HIS DUTY •. Bust of Horatio Nelson facing left.
Reverse: BRITISH NAVAL HALPPENNY (sic). Three masted ship, probably H.M.S. Victory, sailing right, 1812 in panel below.
Edge: Centre Grained.
Diameter 30mm | Die Axis 6
Withers: 1590 | Davis: 150 (Yorkshire)

The dies for this token were, according to some sources, engraved by Thomas Wyon. Though the manufacturer of the token is unknown, it was most likely struck in Birmingham.

Issued from Stockton on Tees, this token seems to have been struck to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar which took place in 1805, and in which Nelson was killed. The issuer is uncertain but it was probably Robert Christopher and Thomas Jennett.
Robert Christopher & Thomas Jennett were booksellers and printers in Stockton, they were also the Stockton agents for the Sun Fire Office.
Jennett was Christopher's apprentice and on the completion of his indentures, he was taken into partnership. Matching the high standards of his companion, Jennett became well known and much respected, growing to be a man of power and influence. He became a magistrate and was mayor of Stockton three times.
*Alex
1812_HULL_LEAD_WORKS_PENNY.JPG
1812 AE Penny Token. Hull, Yorkshire.21 viewsObverse: No legend. View of Hull lead works with smoking chimneys in background; 1812 in exergue.
Reverse: PAYABLE IN BANK OF ENG.D OR HULL NOTES BY I.K.PICARD • around ONE PENNY / HULL / LEAD / WORKS in four lines with ornament below.
Edge: Grained.
Diameter 34mm | Die Axis 7
Davis: 82

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday and it was manufactured by Edward Thomason.
The token was issued by John Kirby Picard, who had practised as an attorney-at-law in Trinity House-lane, become a barrister and been chosen as a Deputy-Recorder of Hull before he entered into the lead business of his father. He was a man of considerable wealth and frequently visited London on business and for pleasure. He mixed with the 'high' society of the period but became addicted to gambling. Picard used his tokens for the gambling parties he held in his house and after they gained the attention of the Prince Regent, the later George IV, he was invited to show them at court.
No mention of Picard has been found in any of the London Directories, but the 'London Gazette', on February 13th, 1827, announced that J. K. Pickard (sic), white lead merchant, Russell Street, Covent Garden, had been declared bankrupt. Picard died in reduced circumstances in 1843.

The legend “PAYABLE IN BANK OF ENGLAND NOTES” was placed on this token due to an Act of Parliament which was passed in 1809 requiring issuers of local tokens to meet claims for repayment in Bank of England notes. The government having seen the widespread use of private coinage in the form of tokens realised how much money was not being controlled by it, so by passing this act it effectively made these tokens into defacto currency.
*Alex
1812_SHEFFIELD_PENNY_TOKEN.JPG
1812 AE Penny. Sheffield, North Yorkshire.32 viewsObverse: FOR PUBLIC ACCOMODATION. Laureate and draped bust of George III facing right; SHEFFIELD in smaller letters below.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN. Britannia seated facing left holding olive branch and trident, shield at her side, small ship in background at her feet; in exergue, 1812.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter: 34mm
Davis:120

This token appears to have been struck at Heaton's mint in Birmingham, as is indicated by a small H on George III's shoulder.
1 comments*Alex
1813_FLINT_LEAD_WORKS_PENNY.JPG
1813 AE Penny Token. Flint, Flintshire.22 viewsObverse: FLINT LEAD WORKS. View of the lead works, smoking away in full production; 1813 below in exergue.
Reverse: ONE POUND NOTE FOR 240 TOKENS • around ONE PENNY TOKEN in centre.
Edge: Centre Grained.
Diameter 34mm | Die Axis 6
Withers: 1313 | Davis: 12
SCARCE

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday. The manufacturer of the token is unknown but it would in all probability have been struck in Birmingham. It was issued by George Roskell at the Flint Lead Works in Flintshire.

The Flint Lead Smelting Works was the only issuer of tokens in North Wales in the 19th century. The company produced lead from ore obtained from mines on the nearby Halkyn mountain. George Roskell (1777-1847) of Garstang, Lancashire, came to Flintshire as a shareholder in the Milwr Mine, and later became the senior partner in the Flint Smelting Works. In 1805, he married Mary Ann, only child of James Potts of Stokyn, near Holywell. His eldest son, George Potts Roskell succeeded to the Stokyn estate. In 1852 the Flint Lead Works became absorbed in the more extensive Alkali Works of Muspratt Bros. and Huntley, which by 1885 was one of the largest chemical works in Britain.

The town of Flint has its origins in the turbulent times of Edward I in the13th century when he invaded Wales for the complete subjugation of the Welsh princes and the people of Wales. Edward I picked the only suitable spot on the marshy shore, where an outcrop of rock jutted out some fifty yards into the river, on which to build the castle and town of Flint. The castle was built on the rock and joined by a drawbridge to the town. The town was built in the form of a Roman encampment, with a double ditch and earthen banks crowned by timber ramparts and four regular gates.
*Alex
1813_PENNY_TOKEN.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Hull, Yorkshire.32 viewsObverse: VIMIERA•TALAVERA•BADAJOZ•SALAMANCA•VITTORIA •. Bust of Duke of Wellington facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN. Britannia seated on shield facing left, holding olive branch in her right hand and trident in left; 1813 in exergue.
Edge: Centre Grained.
Diameter 34mm
Withers:1507 | Davis Yorkshire No: 93 | Charlton No: WE-12
VERY RARE.

The inscription on the obverse of this token is a list of battles fought in the Peninsular War. The dies were engraved by Thomas Halliday (c.1780 – 1854) and the token was manufactured by Edward Thomason. The type was one of several issued by J.K.Picard in his “Peninsular” series which were struck for use by the Duke of Wellington's army in Portugal and Spain. These tokens bear the portrait of Wellington, who was a good friend of the Prince Regent, the future George IV, on the obverse.

This token was issued by John Kirby Picard, the owner of the Hull Lead Works. Picard spent a lot of his time in London and became friendly with the Prince of Wales' circle of aquaintances. He gambled heavily, and became bankrupt in 1827 after eventually gambling his fortune away. He died in reduced circumstances in 1843.
*Alex
1813_SHEFFIELD_PENNY_TOKEN_.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Sheffield, Yorkshire.28 viewsObverse: PAYABLE AT S. HOBSON & SON's, BUTTON MANUFACTURERS, incuse letters on a raised rim. Arms consisting of eight arrows arranged saltirewise, bound together with a ribbon; pheon on either side; above, a facing winged cherubim; below, SHEFFIELD.
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN 1813 incuse letters on a raised rim. Britannia seated facing left on shield, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background; small “H” (for Halliday) below shield.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter 34mm
Davis:138

The dies for this token were engraved by Thomas Halliday (c.1780-1854). Active in the early 19th century, Halliday originally worked as an engraver at Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint in Handsworth and set up on his own as a medallist and token-producer from 1801. Established in Newhall Street, Birmingham about 1810, he engraved dies for the trade, or engraved and manufactured tokens and medals at his own works for all traders who wished to issue them.

This token was issued by Hobson & Son who were button manufacturers with a business in Sheffield.
*Alex
1813_STOCKTON_PENNY_TOKEN_.JPG
1813 AE Penny, Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham.36 viewsObverse: CHRISTOPHER & JENNETT * STOCKTON *, incuse letters on a raised rim. View of the bridge over the Tees being crossed by several small figures including a rider on horse, rowing boat containing two figures in river below; in field above, TEES; in field below, 1813.
Reverse: BRITANNIA * ONE PENNY TOKEN *, incuse letters on a raised rim. Britannia seated facing left on shield, holding olive branch and trident, small ship in left background at her feet.
Edge: Centre-grained.
Diameter 34mm | Weight 19.7gms
Davis:6 | Withers:1109

The die engraver for this token was Peter Wyon. It was issued by Robert Christopher & Thomas Jennett who were booksellers and printers in Stockton, they were also the Stockton agents for the Sun Fire Office.
Jennett was Christopher's apprentice and on the completion of his indentures, he was taken into partnership. Matching the high standards of his companion, Jennett became well known and much respected, growing to be a man of power and influence. He became a magistrate and was mayor of Stockton three times.

The bridge shown on this token was the first bridge to serve the growing town of Stockton, it was a five arch stone bridge which was completed in 1769. Before the existence of the bridge at this location, the only way of crossing the Tees was by the Bishop’s Ferry. The bridge was subject to rent to the Bishop of Durham and the costs of building it had to be repaid, so a system of tolls was charged. These were supposed to be abolished as soon as the debt was cleared, but they remained in place until, in 1819, the local people took the law into their own hands, throwing two of the bridge gates into the river and burning the third gate in the High Street. Although the bridge was good news for Stockton’s business, it had a devastating impact on Yarm. As ships were growing in size at this time, the building of the bridge prevented many ships reaching Yarm because they were unable to navigate further up the river. This only heightened shipping in Stockton and affirmed its place as the main port on the Tees before the 1800s. The bridge also halted Yarm’s shipbuilding industry and, since Stockton was unaffected, yards sprang up east of the bridge towards the sea. By 1876 the old bridge was inadequate and in 1881 work was begun on a new bridge. This new bridge, named the ‘Victoria Bridge’ in recognition of Queen Victoria, was opened in 1887 and the old stone bridge was demolished.
*Alex
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1922D ALEXIUS METROPOLITAN TETARTERON S-1922 DOC 35 CLBC 2.4.3 41 viewsOBV Christ Bearded and nimbate wearing tunic and kolobion, seated on a throne without back; holds gospel in l. hand.

REV: Bust of emperor wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys; holds in r. hand scepter cruciger and in l. hand Globus crucifer.

Size 18.35

Weight 3.3gm

Metropolitan Issues were minted in Constantinople, each of these coins had an added silver content of 3% and were also issued with a very light silver wash, ,HOWEVER this coin is not the norm of black silver, very grainy and hard to photograph but white silver in color, much higher than what was normal.

DOC catalog lists 9 examples with weights ranging from 2.95gm to 3.72 and size from 16mm to 20mm
Simon
389Hadrian_RIC197.jpg
197 Hadrian Denarius Roma 125-28 AD Modius33 viewsReference.
RIC 197

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS.
Laureate bust right, drapery over left shoulder.

Rev. COS III.
Modius with four grain ears.

3.03 gr
19 mm
1 commentsokidoki
Caligula_Drusilla_AE20.jpg
1ao3 Julia Drusilla33 viewsAE 20 of Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey)
Laureate head of Caligula, right, ΓAION KAICAPA EΠI AOYIOΛA
Drusilla as Persephone seated left, poppies between two stalks of grain in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, ∆POYCIΛΛAN ZMYPNAIΩN MHNOΦANHC

Caligula’s sister

Klose XXVIII, 27 (Vs4/Rs10); RPC I 2472; SNG Cop 1343; SNGvA 2202; BMC Ionia p. 269, 272

According to Suetonius’ salacious account: Germanicus had married Agrippina the Elder, daughter of Marcus Agrippa and Julia the Elder, and she had borne him nine children. Two died in infancy, another in early childhood. . . .

The other children survived their father: three girls, Agrippina the Younger, Drusilla and Livilla, born in successive years; and three boys, Nero, Drusus, and Gaius Caesar (Caligula). . . . [Caligula] habitually committed incest with each of his three sisters, seating them in turn below him at large banquets while his wife reclined above. It is believed that he violated Drusilla’s virginity while a minor, and been caught in bed with her by his grandmother Antonia, in whose household they were jointly raised. Later, when Drusilla was married to Lucius Cassius Longinus, an ex-consul, he took her from him and openly treated her as his lawful married wife. When he fell ill he made her heir to his estate and the throne.

When Drusilla died (in 38AD) he declared a period of public mourning during which it was a capital offense to laugh, or bathe, or to dine with parents, spouse or children. Caligula himself was so overcome with grief that he fled the City in the middle of the night, and travelled through Campania, and on to Syracuse, returning again with the same degree of haste, and without cutting his hair or shaving. From that time forwards whenever he took an important oath, even in public or in front of the army, he always swore by Drusilla’s divinity.
Blindado
SabinaAsCeres.jpg
1bf Sabina30 viewsWife of Hadrian. Died 137.

As
Diademed bust right, braided hair coiled on top of head, SABINA AVGVSTA HADRIANI AVG P P
Ceres seated on basket, holding grain ears & torch

RIC 1023

The Historia Augusta asserts, "[Hadrian] took to wife the daughter of the Emperor's sister, a marriage advocated by Plotina, but, according to Marius Maximus, little desired by Trajan himself."
Blindado
PhilippusAntLiberalitas.jpg
1cn Philippus29 views244-249

Antoninianus

Radiate draped bust, right, IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae, LIBERALITAS AVGG II

RIC 38b

The Historia Augusta records: Philippus Arabs was made prefect of the guard [in 243]. This Philip was low-born but arrogant, and now could not contain himself in his sudden rise to office and immoderate good fortune, but immediately, through the soldiers, began to plot against Gordian, who had begun to treat him as a father. . . . Timesitheus [Gordian's father-in-law] had stored up such a quantity of supplies everywhere, that the Roman administration could not break down. But now Philip intrigued first to have the grain-ships turned away, and then to have the troops moved to stations where they could not get provisions. In this way he speedily got them exasperated against Gordian, for they did not know that the youth had been betrayed through Philip's intriguing. In addition to this, Philip spread talk among the soldiers to the effect that Gordian was young and could not manage the Empire, and that it were better for someone to rule who could command the army and understood public affairs. Besides this, he won over the leaders, and finally brought it about that they openly called him to the throne. Gordian's friends at first opposed him vigorously, but when the soldiers were at last overcome with hunger Philip was entrusted with the sovereignty, and the soldiers commanded that he and Gordian should rule together with equal rank while Philip acted as a sort of guardian.

Now that he had gained the imperial power Philip began to bear himself very arrogantly towards Gordian ; and he, knowing himself to be an emperor, an emperor's son, and a scion of a most noble family, could not endure this low-born fellow's insolence. And so, mounting the platform, with his kinsman Maecius Gordianus standing by him as his prefect, he complained bitterly to the officers and soldiers in the hope that Philip's office could be taken from him. But by this complaint in which he accused Philip of being unmindful of past favours and too little grateful he accomplished nothing. Next he asked the soldiers to make their choice, after openly canvassing the officers, but as a result of Philip's intriguing he came off second in the general vote. And finally, when he saw that everyone considered him worsted, he asked that their power might at least be equal, but he did not secure this either. After this he asked to be given the position of Caesar, but he did not gain this. He asked also to be Philip's prefect, and this, too, was denied him. His last prayer was that Philip should make him a general and let him live. And to this Philip almost consented not speaking himself, but acting through his friends, as he had done throughout, with nods and advice. But when he reflected that through the love that the Roman people and senate, the whole of Africa and Syria, and indeed the whole Roman world, felt for Gordian, because he was nobly born and the son and grandson of emperors and had delivered the whole state from grievous wars, it was possible, if the soldiers ever changed their minds, that the throne might be given back to Gordian if he asked for it again, and when he reflected also that the violence of the soldiers' anger against Gordian was due to hunger, he had him carried, shouting protests, out of their sight and then despoiled and slain.

Eutropius wrote, "When Gordian was killed, the two PHILIPS, father and son, seized on the government, and, having brought off the army safe, set out from Syria for Italy. In their reign the thousandth year of the city of Rome was celebrated with games and spectacles of vast magnificence. Soon after, both of them were put to death by the soldiery; the elder Philip at Verona, the younger at Rome. They reigned but five years. They were however ranked among the gods."
Blindado
TetricusAntVirtus.jpg
1dg Tetricus33 views270-273

AE antoninianus

Radiate draped bust, right, IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG
Virtus standing left with shield & spear, VIRTVS AVGG

RIC 148

According to the Historia Augusta: After Victorinus and his son were slain, his mother Victoria (or Vitruvia) urged Tetricus, a Roman senator then holding the governorship of Gaul, to take the imperial power, for the reason, many relate, that he was her kinsman; she then caused him to be entitled Augustus and bestowed on his son the name of Caesar. But after Tetricus had done many deeds with success and had ruled for a long time he was defeated by Aurelian, and, being unable to bear the impudence and shamelessness of his soldiers, he surrendered of his own free will to this prince most harsh and severe. . . . Aurelian, nevertheless, exceedingly stern though he was, overcome by a sense of shame, made Tetricus, whom lie had led in his triumph, supervisor over the whole of Italy,' that is, over Campania, Samnium, Lucania, Bruttium, Apulia, Calabria, Etruria and Umbria, Picenum and the Flaminian district, and the entire grain-bearing region, and suffered him not only to retain his life but also to remain in the highest position, calling him frequently colleague, sometimes fellow-soldier, and sometimes even emperor.
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alex_m_16_testone.jpg
2 Alexander VII 1690 Testone M1635 viewsA coin of this type was one of my first papal acquisitions and hooked me on this interesting series. The oxen on the reverse exude power and one can almost see their muscles move as they pull the plow along. The reverse legend translates "restored supply of grain." stlnats
scipio_mett_den.jpg
2) The Pompeians: Scipio Metellus Pius34 viewsQ. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, Imperator
AR Denarius.
Military mint in Africa, legate Eppius, 47-46 BC.

Q METELL SCIPIO IMP, laureate head of Africa right in elephant skin headdress, grain ear before, plow below / EPPIVS LEG F C, Hercules standing facing, naked, hand on hip, leaning on club set on a rock.

Cr461/1, Syd 1051, Caecilia 50.
RM0040
2 commentsSosius
Bithynia_Kalchedon,_AR_Drachm_4th_Cent__BC.jpg
2. Bithynia, Kalchedon, 340-320 BC, AR Siglos 17 viewsBull standing left on grain ear, KAΛX above.
Granulated mill-sail incuse square.

SNG BM Black Sea 112; SNG von Aulock 482; Sear 3738.

(18 mm, 5.31 g).
Ephesus Numismatics.

The symbolism of the bull and the heifer on the obverse of the coins of twin cities of Kalchedon (Asia Minor) and Byzantion (Europe) respectively is striking and points to a shared identity. They stood astride the southern entrance to the Bosporus. Both were 7th century BC foundations of Megara and jointly they controlled the vital grain trade from the Black Sea into the Mediterranean.

The grain ear upon which the bull of Kalchedon stands alludes to this fact. That of the dolphin beneath the Heifer of Byzantion is a reflection of the maritime orientation of the city and the bountiful pods of dolphins that even to this day frolic in swift flowing waters of the Bosporus beneath the old city walls of Constantinople which succeded Byzantion and was in turn succeded by Istanbul.

The twin cities merged in the modern era to become the great and fascinating metropolis of Istanbul. Ancient Kalchedon dominated the Asian side of the Bosporus. The remains of the ancient city lie be
n.igma
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220 Trajan Decius37 viewsTrajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9364, RIC IV 10b, RSC IV 2, VF, 4.268g, 22.5mm, 180o, Rome mint, 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundantia standing right, emptying cornucopia held in both hands; scarce;


Abundantia, her Greek name is Euthenia, stands for abundance or plenty. Her attributes are heads of grain and the cornucopia. She can be seated or standing and is sometimes shown emptying a cornucopia.
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
2Hadrian__RIC230.jpg
230 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Modius25 viewsReference.
RIC 230

Obv. HADRIANVS-AVG COS III P P
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder.

Rev. ANNO_NA AVG
Modius with grain-ears and poppy

3.01 gr
17 mm
okidoki
461_Hadrian_RIC230.JPG
230 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Modius12 viewsReference.
RIC 230; C.172

Obv. HADRIANVS-AVG COS III P P
Bare bust right, drapery over shoulder and across chest

Rev. ANNO_NA AVG
Modius with grain-ears and poppy.

3.17 gr
18 mm
okidoki
27Hadrian_RIC241a.jpg
241 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Fides standing19 viewsReference.
RIC 241a

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare head right.

Rev. FIDES PVBLICA.
Fides standing facing, head right, holding grain ears and dish of fruit.

3.0 gr
19 mm
okidoki
rjb_2019_07_04.jpg
2448 viewsPhilip I 244-9 AD
AE sestertius
Obv "IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "ANNONA AVGG SC"
Annona standing left holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
Rome mint
RIC 168a
mauseus
Severus.jpg
26 Severus Alexander RIC 250113 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-235 A.D. Rome Mint. 231-235 A.D. (3,3 gr, 20 mm) Obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate head right with slight drapery on left shoulder. Rev: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Annona standing left by modius, holding
corn-ears and cornucopiae.
RIC 250; RSC 501c; BMC 875; Sears 7922

Ex: Private collection

The legend 'Providentia' relates to the emperor's foresight
in providing for Rome's annual grain supply
3 commentsPaddy
15Hadrian_RIC276.jpg
276 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Tellus standing46 viewsReference.
Strack 275; RIC 276; RSC 1427

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

Rev. TELLVS STABIL.
Tellus standing left, holding plow and rake; two grain ears to right.

3.43 gr
19 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
1004_P_Hadrian_RPC2762.jpg
2762A CILICIA, Syedra. Hadrian Ć 24 Demeter standing25 viewsReference.
RPC III 2764A

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΑΔΡΙΑΝω ΚΑΙСΑΡΙ СΕ
Laureate bust right.

Rev. СΥЄΔΡЄωΝ.
Demeter standing left, holding torch and grain ears.

6.62 gr
24 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
1002Hadrian_RIC276var_.jpg
276var. Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Tellus standing21 viewsReference.
Strack 275; RIC 276; RSC 1427 var. (two grain ears on ground).

Obv. HADRIANVS. AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

Rev. TELLVS STABIL.
Tellus standing left, holding plow and rake.

3.27 gr
18 mm
6h

Note.
Variant for no corn ears in ground to right and pellet in obverse legend, same die pair as on beastcoins.com
2 commentsokidoki
390_P_Hadrian.jpg
2955 CAPPADOCIA, Tyana. Hadrian 135-36 AD Tyche seated on throne37 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2955; SNG von Aulock 6538-9; Lindgren I 1735; cf SNG Cop 316.

Issue Year 20

Obv. AVTO KAIC TPAIA AΔPIANOC CЄBACTOC.
Laureate head right.

Rev. TVANЄΩN TΩN T T IЄP ACV AVT. ЄT K (date) across field
Tyche seated left on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and bunch of grapes; below, river god swimming left, head facing, holding club

11.04 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
ex Lindgren 1735
1 commentsokidoki
21_P_Hadrian__SNG_von_Aulock_6538-9.jpg
2955 CAPPADOCIA, Tyana. Hadrian 135-36 AD Tyche seated on throne25 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2955; SNG von Aulock 6538-9; Lindgren I 1735; cf SNG Cop 316.

Issue Year 20

Obv. AVTO KAIC TPAIA AΔPIANOC CЄBACTOC.
Laureate head right.

Rev. TVANЄΩN TΩN T T IЄP ACV AVT. ЄT K (date) across field
Tyche seated left on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and bunch of grapes; below, river god swimming left, head facing, holding club

10.2 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
937_P_Hadrian_RPC2955.JPG
2955 CAPPADOCIA, Tyana. Hadrian Ć 135-36 AD Tyche seated on throne15 viewsReference.
RPC III, 2955; SNG von Aulock 6538-9; Lindgren I 1735; cf SNG Cop 316.

Issue Year 20

Obv. AVTO KAIC TPAI AΔPIANOC CЄBACTOC.
Laureate head right.

Rev. TVANЄΩN TΩN T T IЄP ACV AVT. ЄT K (date) across field
Tyche seated left on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and bunch of grapes; below, river god swimming left, head facing, holding club

11.26 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
1035_P_Hadrian_RPC2955.jpg
2955cf CAPPADOCIA, Tyana. Hadrian 135-36 AD Tyche seated on throne17 viewsReference.
cf RPC III, 2955; cf SNG von Aulock 6538-9; Lindgren I 1735; cf SNG Cop 316. (crescent)

Issue Year 20

Obv. AVTO KAIC TPAIA AΔPIANOC CЄBACTOC.
Laureate head right.

Rev. TVANЄΩN TΩN T T IЄP ACV AVT. ЄT K (date) across field
Tyche seated left on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and bunch of grapes and below crescent; below, river god swimming left, head facing, holding club

11.15 gr
26 mm
12h
okidoki
merged~1.jpg
2x Illyrian drachm40 viewsDyrrhachium, Illyria, AR drachm. AΛKAIOΣ, cow standing right, head left, suckling calf, grain-ear below / DUR NIKOMACOU around double stellate pattern.

Dyrrhachium, Illyria. AR Stater. Circa 450-350 BC. Cow standing left suckling calf, small Δ on cow's rump / Δ Y P, double stellate pattern; club beneath.

Both weight: 6.1g

(NEED TO ADDITIONALLY MORE PRECISELY IDENTIFY)
Flamur H
447_Hadrian_RIC322.jpg
322 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Africa23 viewsReference. Rare
RIC II 322; RSC 1223; BMC 871

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right

Rev. RESTITVTORI AFRICAE
Hadrian standing left, holding volumen, about to raise Africa who is kneeling right, holding grain ears and wearing elephant skin headdress; between them, two upright stalks of grain.

3.40 gr.
17 mm
6 h.
1 commentsokidoki
323-1_-_Ivlia.jpg
323/1. Julia - denarius (101 BC)8 viewsAR Denarius (Rome, 101 BC)
O/ Helmeted head of Roma right; corn-ear behind.
R/ Victory in biga right, holding reins in both hands; L IVLI below.
3.84g; 19mm
Crawford 323/1 (47 obverse dies/59 reverse dies)

* Lucius Julius:

Although our moneyer belonged to the very famous gens Julia, his life is completely unknown. The Julii had been among the important patrician gentes of the early Republic, but fell in obscurity in the fourth century. In the second century, a new branch emerged, the Julii Caesares, but Crawford notes that our moneyer cannot be a Caesar because he did not use this cognomen and his coins lack a reference to Venus (cf. RRC 258 and 320).

The corn ear on the obverse refers to grain distributions, which often featured on Republican coins (RRC 242, 243, 245, 260, 261, 306, 330).
Joss
676_P_Hadrian_RPC3280A.jpg
3279A CILICIA, Tarsus Hadrian AE 26 Tyche of Tarsus27 viewsReference. very rare
RPC III, 3279A; RPC -; BMC -; SNG France -; Coll. Weber -; SNG Copenhagen 358 var. (Laureate obv. bust).

Obv. AYTO KAΙ AΔPIANOY CEB ΟΛΥNΔΙΟC.
Bare head right, slight drapery on far shoulder.

Rev: AΔΡΙΑΝΗC TARCOY MHTPOΠOΛΕΩC.
Veiled and turreted Tyche seated left on a sphinx decorated diphros, holding bunch of grapes and grain ears; at her feet to left, river god Kydnos swimming left.

10.88 gr
26 mm
12h
okidoki
Corn-Supera-copy-RIC-30.jpg
34. Cornelia Supera.16 viewsAntoninianus. Cast copy.
Obverse: C CORNEL SVPERA AVG / Diademed bust of Supera, on crescent.
Reverse: VESTA / Vesta standing, holding patera and transverse sceptre.
3.20 gm., 20 mm.
(copy of RIC #30; Sear #9876.)

This is a cast copy of a Cornelia Supera antoninianus. The surfaces have that grainy look to them often seen on cast coins. The flan cracks at the edges, which should be nice and sharp on a genuine coin, have smooth and rounded edges.
Callimachus
coin180.JPG
408. Maxentius34 viewsMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius, more commonly known as Maxentius, was the child of the Emperor Maximianus Herculius and the Syrian Eutropia; he was born ca. 278 A.D. After Galerius' appointment to the rank of Caesar on 1 March 293, Maxentius married Galerius' daughter Valeria Maximilla, who bore him a son named Romulus and another son whose name is unknown. Due to his haughty nature and bad disposition, Maxentius could seldom agree with his father or his father-in-law; Galerius' and Maximianus Herculius' aversion to Maxentius prevented the young man from becoming a Caesar in 305. Little else is known of Maxentius' private life prior to his accession and, alth ough there is some evidence that it was spent in idleness, he did become a Senator.

On 28 October 306 Maxentius was acclaimed emperor, although he was politcally astute enough not to use the title Augustus; like the Emperor Augustus, he called himself princeps. It was not until the summer of 307 that he started usi ng the title Augustus and started offending other claimants to the imperial throne. He was enthroned by the plebs and the Praetorians. At the time of his acclamation Maxentius was at a public villa on the Via Labicana. He strengthened his position with promises of riches for those who helped him obtain his objective. He forced his father Maximianus Herculius to affirm his son's acclamation in order to give his regime a facade of legitimacy. His realm included Italy, Africa, Sardinia, and Corsica. As soon as Galerius learned about the acclamation of Herculius' son, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to quell the rebellion. With the help of his father and Severus' own troops, Maxentius' took his enemy prisoner.

When Severus died, Galerius was determined to avenge his death. In the early summer of 307 the Augustus invaded Italy; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was not large enough to encompass the city's fortifications. Negotiations between Maxentius and Galerius broke down when the emperor discovered that the usurper was trying to win over his troops. Galerius' troops were open to Maxentius' promises because they were fighting a civil war between members of the same family; some of the soldiers went over to the enemy. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, Galerius' army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. If it was not enough that Maxentius had to deal with the havoc created by the ineffectual invasions of Severus and Galerius, he also had to deal with his father's attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310. When Maximianus Herculius was unable to regain power by pushing his son off his throne, he attempted to win over Constantine to his cause. When this plan failed, he tried to win Diocletian over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308. Frustrated at every turn, Herculius returned to his son-in-law Constantine's side in Gaul where he died in 310, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. Maxentius' control of the situation was weakened by the revolt of L. Domitius Alexander in 308. Although the revolt only lasted until the end of 309, it drastically cut the size of the grain supply availble for Rome. Maxentius' rule collapsed when he died on 27 October 312 in an engagement he had with the Emperor Constantine at the Milvian Bridge after the latter had invaded his realm.

Maxentius Follis. Ostia mint. IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right / AETE-RNITAS A-VGN, Castor and Pollux standing facing each other, each leaning on sceptre and holding bridled horse.
ecoli
413_P_Hadrian.jpg
4096 DECAPOLIS Philadelphia. Hadrian Demeter19 viewsReference.
RPC III, 4096; Spijkerman 15; SNG ANS 1384; Rosenberger 16; Sofaer 17.

Obv: ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟC CEBACTOC.
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.

Rev: ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΕΩΝ.
Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right, holding grain ears.

7.05 gr.
20 mm.

Note.
Philadelphia is now Amman (Jordan)
okidoki
20160804_164132-horz.jpg
47 Numerian RIC 44716 viewsNumerian 283-284 AD. Silvered Antoninianus. Ticinum Mint. (3.66g; 23.50mm) Obv: IMP NVMERIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Rev:PROVIDENT AVGG / VXXI, Providentia standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia.
RIC 447
Paddy
49- Maximianus-1.JPG
49-Maximianus #1-S57 viewsAE Follis, 299-303 AD, Carthage mint
Obv, IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head right.
Rev: SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART, Carthage standing left holding fruits and grain.
28mm, 10.5gm
RIC 39b
2 commentsjdholds
Colophon,_Ionia,_c__490_-_400_B_C_.JPG
490-400 B.C. Silver tetartemorion, Apollo right/ TE with two pellets31 viewsIonia, Kolophon, c. 490-400 B.C. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Cop 140, VF, toned, grainy, Colophon mint, 0.227g, 6.6mm, 90°, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse TE ligature (denomination), two pellets on left, all within incuse square. Ex FORVM & areich, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
J31-Palestine.jpg
50 mils Palestine, 193947 views72% silver and 28% copper, 23.5 mm, 5.83 grams (90 grains), reeded (milled) edge, dated 1939, 3,000,000 minted.

Obverse: “50 Mils” in English, Hebrew and Arabic.
Reverse: “Palestine” in English, Hebrew and Arabic and “Israel” in Hebrew around, palm branch with date – 1939 – in English and Arabic numerals.

Reference: Israel KM 6

Added to collection: July 15, 2005
Daniel Friedman
coin517.JPG
501b. Crispus Ticinum VOTA10 viewsTicinum

Ticinum (the modern Pavia) was an ancient city of Gallia Transpadana, founded on the banks of the river of the same name (now the Ticino river) a little way above its confluence with the Padus (Po).

It is said by Pliny to have been founded by the Laevi and Marici, two Ligurian tribes, while Ptolemy attributes it to the Insubres.

Its importance in Roman times was due to the extension of the Via Aemilia from Ariminum (Rimini) to the Padus (187 BC), which it crossed at Placentia (Piacenza) and there forked, one branch going to Mediolanum (Milan) and the other to Ticinum, and thence to Laumellum where it divided once more, one branch going to Vercellae - and thence to Eporedia and Augusta Praetoria - and the other to Valentia - and thence to Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) or to Pollentia.

The branch to Eporedia must have been constructed before 100 BC. Ticinum is not infrequently mentioned by classical writers. It was a municipium, and from an inscription we know that a triumphal arch was erected in honor of Augustus and his family, but we learn little of it except that in the 4th century AD there was a manufacture of bows there.

It was pillaged by Attila in AD 452 and by Odoacer in 476, but rose to importance as a military centre in the Gothic period. At Dertona and here the grain stores of Liguria were placed, and Theodoric the Great constructed a palace, baths and amphitheatre and new town walls; while an inscription of Athalaric relating to repairs of seats in the amphitheatre is preserved (AD 528‑529). From this point, too, navigation on the Padus seems to have begun. Narses recovered it for the Eastern Empire, but after a long siege, the garrison had to surrender to the Lombards in 572.

001b. Crispus Ticinum

RIC VII Ticinum 153 R3

ecoli
875_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_04.jpg
5209 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 119-20 AD Agathodaemon21 viewsReference.
Dattari-Savio Pl. 72, 7506 (this coin); Emmett 803.04; Köln 780; RPC III, 5209

Issue L Δ = year 4

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; crescent before.

Rev. L Δ
Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils.

11.75 gr
25 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
1 commentsokidoki
636_P_Hadrian_Emmett803_5.jpg
5270 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 120-21 AD Agathodaemon27 viewsReference.
Emmett 803.5; Köln 805; Dattari 1547; Milne 982; RPC III, 5270

Issue L E = year 5

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI ΑΔΡΙΑ CEB
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; crescent before.

Rev. L E below
Agathodaemon serpent erect right, wearing skhent and entwining caduceus and grain ears in coils.

12.24 gr
24 mm
12h

notes.
Agathodaimon:
In ancient Greek religion, Agathos Daimon or Agathodaemon (Greek: ἀγαθὸς δαίμων, "noble spirit") was a daemon or presiding spirit of the vineyards and grainfields and a personal companion spirit,[2][3] similar to the Roman genius, ensuring good luck, health, and wisdom.

source:
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins at FORVM
Skhent:
The crown of Upper and Lower Egypt.
1 commentsokidoki
338_P_Hadrian_Emmett969.jpg
5388 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 122-23 AD Euthenia28 viewsReference. R5
Emmett 969.7; RPC III, 5388; Milne 1039; Kamp 32.228

Issue L Z = year 7

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
laureate bust right

Rev. L Z
Euthenia reclinging left, holding grain-ear and poppy, on andro-sphinx

16.30 gr
34 mm
12h
okidoki
nero sest-.jpg
54-68 AD - NERO AE sestertius - struck 66 AD56 viewsobv: NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P (laureate head right, aegis on bust)
rev: ANNONA AVGVSTI CERES / S.C. (Ceres seated left with grain-ears & torch, facing Annona standing right with cornucopiae; between them, ship's stern and modius set on altar.)
ref: RIC I 137, BMCRE 127, C.16 (8frcs)
mint: Rome
27.51gms, 34mm orichalcum
Rare

Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture, holds her usual attributes, grain and the torch with which she searches for her daughter, Proserpina, held captive in the Underworld for the winter months. Annona, the personification of the grain harvest,
holds a cornucopia, symbol of agricultural abundance; this is her first appearance on a coin. On the altar is a modius, a grain measure, and in the background a ship's stern, references to the transport of the grain.
1 commentsberserker
801_P_Hadrian_Emmett969_8.jpg
5450 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 123-24 AD Euthenia22 viewsReference. R3
Emmett 969.08; Dattari-Savio Pl. 81, 7639 (this coin). RPC III, 5450/9

Issue L H = year 8

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
Radiate head of Hadrian, r., waering aegis

Rev. L H
Euthenia reclinging left, holding grain-ear and poppy, on andro-sphinx.

25.17 gr
35 mm
12h

Note.
From the Dattari collection
NAC 42 (2013), p. 131 no. 24c
okidoki
1040Hadrian_RIC549.jpg
549 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 118 AD Annona standing55 viewsReference.
RIC 549; C 184; Strack 513; Banti 102; BMC 1125

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate bust r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. PONT MAX - TR POT COS II in ex. ANNONA AVG in field, S - C
Annona standing r., holding cornucopiae in front of her, modius and corn-ears and high prow of ship.

20.56 gr
31.2 mm
6h

Note.
In ancient Rome, the Romans used the term Cura Annonae ("care for the grain supply"), in honour of their goddess Annona and the grain dole was distributed from the Temple of Ceres.
5 commentsokidoki
145_P__Hadrian__Emmett_838_R1.jpg
5581 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 125-26 AD Eirene20 viewsReference.
Emmett 838.10 ;Milne 1123; RPC III, 5581

Issue L ΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ = year 10

Obv. AVT KAI TΡI AΔΡIA CEB
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right seen from behind.

Rev. LΔ-EKATOV RY 10
Eirene standing left, holding grain-ears and caduceus.

12.33 gr
26 mm
12 h
okidoki
1101_P_Hadrian_RPC5581.jpg
5581 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 125-26 AD Eirene12 viewsReference.
Emmett 838.10 ;Milne 1123; RPC III, 5581

Issue L ΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ = year 10

Obv. AVT KAI TΡI AΔΡIA CEB
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right seen from behind.

Rev. LΔ-EKATOV RY 10
Eirene standing left, holding grain-ears and caduceus.

11.47 gr
26 mm
1 commentsokidoki
217_P_Hadrian__Emmett_1176_10_R2.jpg
5633 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Dichalkon 125-26 AD Bundle of three grain-ears.24 viewsReference.
Emmett 1176.10; BMC 591; RPC III, 5633; Köln -; Dattari -; Milne -; Kampmann & Ganschow

Issue L ΔΕ = year 10

Obv. -
Laureate head of Hadrian right I before

Rev. across field, date L-ΔE
Bundle of three grain-ears.

1.49 gr
12 mm
12h
okidoki
309_P_Hadrian_Emmett830_11.jpg
5641 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 126-27 AD Demeter standing11 viewsReference.
Emmett 830.11; Köln 940; Dattari 1341; Milne 1175; RPC III,5641

Issue L ΕΝΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ = year 11

Obv. AUT KAI TRAI AΔRIA CEB
laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Rev. LENΔ-EKA-TOV
Demeter standing right, holding long torch and grain ears with poppies.

9.12 gr
25 mm
okidoki
969_P_Hadrian_Emmett1176_11.jpg
5705 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Dichalkon 126-27 AD Bundle of three grain-ears.29 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5705; Emmett 1176.11; D 1941

Issue L ΙΑ = year 11

Obv.
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. L ΙA
Bundle of three grain-ears

0.81 gr
10 mm
12h
3 commentsokidoki
949_P_Hadrian_Emmett1176_11.jpg
5766 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Dichalkon 129-30 AD Bundle of three grain-ears.8 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5766; Emmett 1176.14;

Issue L IΔ = year 14

Obv.
Laureate head of Hadrian, right

Rev. L ΙΔ
Bundle of three grain-ears

1.36 gr
13 mm
12h
okidoki
346_P_Hadrian_Emmett888.jpg
5770 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 130-31 AD Sabina32 viewsReference.
Emmett 888.15 (R5); Köln 1030 var. (placement of date); Dattari (Savio) 1260; K&G 32.507; RPC III, 5770

Issue L IE = year 15

Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.

Rev. CABEINA CEBACTH L I-E (date) across field.
Sabina seated left, holding two grain ears and scepter.

12.33 gr
23 mm
12h
Rare Depiction of Sabina Enthroned
2 commentsokidoki
792_P_Hadrian_Emmett924.jpg
5825 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Drachm 132-32 AD Athena standing with grain ears33 viewsReference.
RPC III, 5825; Köln 1068; Dattari (Savio) 1627-8; K&G 32.537; Emmett 924.17.

Issue L IZ = year 17

Obv. ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙС ΤΡΑΙΑΝ - ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС СƐΒ
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear

Rev. L IZ
Athena standing left, holding two grain ears and shield set on ground.

25.27 gr
33 mm
12h
2 commentsokidoki
01644p00.jpg
6. Faustina Sr. silver Denarius, Rome Mint201 viewsChoice gVF, 3.48g., 12.1 mm, 0ş, Rome Mint 147-161 AD
O: DIVA FAVSTINA, minted by husband Antoninus Pius after her death
R: CERES, Ceres holding heads of grain and a torch
5 commentsZam
153Hadrian__RIC610.jpg
610 Hadrian Sestertius, Roma 121-22 AD Ceres standing55 viewsReference.
Strack 573; RIC 610c; C 1075

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III, S C across field.
Ceres standing, facing, head left, holding grain ears and torch.

26,13 gr
34 mm
6 h

From the Charles Darrah Collection of Flavian and Antonine Bronzes.
2 commentsokidoki
35_P_Hadrian__Dattari_1335.jpg
6131 EGYPT, Alexandria. Hadrian Tetradrachm 136-37 AD Demeter standing25 viewsReference.
Emmett 832.21 Köln 1209 Dattari 1335; RPC III, 6131

Issue L KA = year 21

Obv. AYT KAIC TPA AΔPIANOC CEB
Laureate head right.

Rev. L KA
Demeter standing left, holding grain-ears and poppies with her right hand and a long torch in left.

13.39 gr
21-24 mm.
okidoki
770Hadrian_RIC706~0.jpg
706 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 132-34 AD Galley left57 viewsReference
RIC 706; Strack 837; C. 657; Banti 337

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate head right.

Rev. FELICITATI AVG COS III P P S-C in field
Galley moving left with stearman and five rowers; vexillum on prow.

23.61 gr
31 mm
12h

Ex.
Stack's Bowers Galleries January 2013 N.Y.I.N.C. lot 5210

Note.
An acrostolium is an ornamental extension of the stem post on the prow of an ancient warship. Often used as a symbol of victory or of power at sea. (numiswiki)
1st-4th Century AD:
The Ship in Imperial Rome

Realizing its importance, Augustus established the Roman navy along lines similar to that of the legions. In addition to a number of key harbors, from which ships could be deployed, he stationed several fleets (Latin classes) in key areas throughout the empire. Among these, the classis Britannica patrolled the channel between Gaul and Britannia, protecting the shipping lanes. Its strategic regional importance is commemorated in the coinage of several of the period usurpers from the area. M. Aurelius Postumus was the first to do so (lots 676-679). His bronze ship issues carry the legend LAETITIA AVG, emphasizing the source of imperial well-being resides in a strong navy. The usurper M. Aurelius Carausius, commander of the classis Britannica under Diocletian, struck coins commemorating, in part, his control of that fleet and its abilities in keeping the sea lanes open (lot 680). His short-lived successor, Allectus, continued the type (lots 681-684).

One important function of the navy was the transportation of the imperial family on state visits. From the time of Augustus, vessels were dispatched to carry the emperor between the capital and the provinces. One such instance is commemorated in a rare bronze as, struck at Patrae in AD 66/7 (lot 609). The reverse depicts the quinquereme used to carry Nero on his infamous tour of Greece. Hadrian’s extensive travels were recorded with a wide variety of ship types struck at Rome (lots 610-622), and in the East (lot 623). An inscription from Ephesus (Syll. III 3241), records that a local captain, L. Erastus, used his ship to transport the emperor while he was in that area. A coin struck at Alexandria (lot 624) is of particular importance for, in the same year as the coin was struck Antinoüs drowned as the imperial party was sailing up the Nile. Hadrian’s successors continued to travel, now to shore up border conflicts or prepare for one of the periodic wars with Persia (lots 625-627; 631-675). By the middle of the third century AD local issues, rather than those minted at the imperial capital, recorded these events, a sign that the center of power was drifting away from Rome itself.

Warships were not the exclusive vessel of the Roman navy. Providing the empire with an uninterrupted supply of grain, as well as other necessary supplies, necessitated the construction of ship for such a purpose. Unlike the warship, which required speed and strength for ramming, the merchantman (Greek nau~ stroggulh; Latin navis oneraria) was of broader beam. Many of these vessels, like the ponto or more common actuaria resembled the shape of a trireme and could be powered by both oars and sails. Since ships of this type were used to transport vital commodities such as wine and grain, they, like the large ponto, are often those shown on coins from the Black Sea (lots 655 and 664-666). The great Roman merchantman, or corbita, often seen in part on imperial issues commemorating the annona, is more familiar (lots 607-608). Powered by two large sails, it featured a rear cabin in the shape of a swan and was the true workhorse of Roman merchant vessels; its type continued well into the Byzantine period.
3 commentsokidoki
GalbaAEAs.jpg
707a, Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.66 viewsGalba AE As, 68-69 AD; cf. SRC 727, 729ff; 27.85mm, 12g; Rome: Obverse: GALBA IMP CAESAR…, Laureate head right; Reverse: S P Q R OB CIV SER in oak wreath; gF+/F Ex. Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Galba (68-69 A.D.)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary


Introduction
The evidence for the principate of Galba is unsatisfactory. The sources either concentrate on the personality of the man, thereby failing to offer a balanced account of his policies and a firm chronological base for his actions; or, they focus on the final two weeks of his life at the expense of the earlier part of his reign. As a result, a detailed account of his principate is difficult to write. Even so, Galba is noteworthy because he was neither related to nor adopted by his predecessor Nero. Thus, his accession marked the end of the nearly century-long control of the Principate by the Julio-Claudians. Additionally, Galba's declaration as emperor by his troops abroad set a precedent for the further political upheavals of 68-69. Although these events worked to Galba's favor initially, they soon came back to haunt him, ending his tumultuous rule after only seven months.

Early Life and Rise to Power
Born 24 December 3 BC in Tarracina, a town on the Appian Way, 65 miles south of Rome, Servius Galba was the son of C. Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica. Galba's connection with the noble house of the Servii gave him great prestige and assured his acceptance among the highest levels of Julio-Claudian society. Adopted in his youth by Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, he is said to have owed much of his early advancement to her. Upon her death, Livia made Galba her chief legatee, bequeathing him some 50 million sesterces. Tiberius, Livia's heir, reduced the amount, however, and then never paid it. Galba's marriage proved to be a further source of disappointment, as he outlived both his wife Lepida and their two sons. Nothing else is known of Galba's immediate family, other than that he remained a widower for the rest of his life.

Although the details of Galba's early political career are incomplete, the surviving record is one of an ambitious Roman making his way in the Emperor's service. Suetonius records that as praetor Galba put on a new kind of exhibition for the people - elephants walking on a rope. Later, he served as governor of the province of Aquitania, followed by a six-month term as consul at the beginning of 33. Ironically, as consul he was succeeded by Salvius Otho, whose own son would succeed Galba as emperor. Over the years three more governorships followed - Upper Germany (date unknown), North Africa (45) and Hispania Tarraconensis, the largest of Spain's three provinces (61). He was selected as a proconsul of Africa by the emperor Claudius himself instead of by the usual method of drawing lots. During his two-year tenure in the province he successfully restored internal order and quelled a revolt by the barbarians. As an imperial legate he was a governor in Spain for eight years under Nero, even though he was already in his early sixties when he assumed his duties. The appointment showed that Galba was still considered efficient and loyal. In all of these posts Galba generally displayed an enthusiasm for old-fashioned disciplina, a trait consistent with the traditional characterization of the man as a hard-bitten aristocrat of the old Republican type. Such service did not go unnoticed, as he was honored with triumphal insignia and three priesthoods during his career.

On the basis of his ancestry, family tradition and service to the state Galba was the most distinguished Roman alive (with the exception of the houses of the Julii and Claudii) at the time of Nero's demise in 68. The complex chain of events that would lead him to the Principate later that year began in March with the rebellion of Gaius Iulius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis. Vindex had begun to sound out provincial governors about support for a rebellion perhaps in late 67 or early 68. Galba did not respond but, because of his displeasure with Neronian misgovernment, neither did he inform the emperor of these treasonous solicitations. This, of course, left him dangerously exposed; moreover, he was already aware that Nero, anxious to remove anyone of distinguished birth and noble achievements, had ordered his death. Given these circumstances, Galba likely felt that he had no choice but to rebel.

In April, 68, while still in Spain, Galba "went public," positioning himself as a vir militaris, a military representative of the senate and people of Rome. For the moment, he refused the title of Emperor, but it is clear that the Principate was his goal. To this end, he organized a concilium of advisors in order to make it known that any decisions were not made by him alone but only after consultation with a group. The arrangement was meant to recall the Augustan Age relationship between the emperor and senate in Rome. Even more revealing of his imperial ambitions were legends like LIBERTAS RESTITUTA (Liberty Restored), ROM RENASC (Rome Reborn) and SALUS GENERIS HUMANI (Salvation of Mankind), preserved on his coinage from the period. Such evidence has brought into question the traditional assessment of Galba as nothing more than an ineffectual representative of a bygone antiquus rigor in favor of a more balanced portrait of a traditional constitutionalist eager to publicize the virtues of an Augustan-style Principate.
Events now began to move quickly. In May, 68 Lucius Clodius Macer, legate of the III legio Augusta in Africa, revolted from Nero and cut off the grain supply to Rome. Choosing not to recognize Galba, he called himself propraetor, issued his own coinage, and raised a new legion, the I Macriana liberatrix. Galba later had him executed. At the same time, 68, Lucius Verginius Rufus, legionary commander in Upper Germany, led a combined force of soldiers from Upper and Lower Germany in defeating Vindex at Vesontio in Gallia Lugdunensis. Verginius refused to accept a call to the emperorship by his own troops and by those from the Danube, however, thereby creating at Rome an opportunity for Galba's agents to win over Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt praetorian prefect since 65. Sabinus was able to turn the imperial guard against Nero on the promise that they would be rewarded financially by Galba upon his arrival. That was the end for Nero. Deposed by the senate and abandoned by his supporters, he committed suicide in June. At this point, encouraged to march on Rome by the praetorians and especially by Sabinus, who had his own designs on the throne, Galba hurriedly established broad-based political and financial support and assembled his own legion (subsequently known as the legio VII Gemina). As he departed from Spain, he abandoned the title of governor in favor of "Caesar," apparently in an attempt to lay claim to the entire inheritance of the Julio-Claudian house. Even so, he continued to proceed cautiously, and did not actually adopt the name of Caesar (and with it the emperorship) until sometime after he had left Spain.

The Principate of Galba
Meanwhile, Rome was anything but serene. An unusual force of soldiers, many of whom had been mustered by Nero to crush the attempt of Vindex, remained idle and restless. In addition, there was the matter concerning Nymphidius Sabinus. Intent on being the power behind the throne, Nymphidius had orchestrated a demand from the praetorians that Galba appoint him sole praetorian prefect for life. The senate capitulated to his pretensions and he began to have designs on the throne himself. In an attempt to rattle Galba, Nymphidius then sent messages of alarm to the emperor telling of unrest in both the city and abroad. When Galba ignored these reports, Nymphidius decided to launch a coup by presenting himself to the praetorians. The plan misfired, and the praetorians killed him when he appeared at their camp. Upon learning of the incident, Galba ordered the executions of Nymphidius' followers. To make matters worse, Galba's arrival was preceded by a confrontation with a boisterous band of soldiers who had been formed into a legion by Nero and were now demanding legionary standards and regular quarters. When they persisted, Galba's forces attacked, with the result that many of them were killed.
Thus it was amid carnage and fear that Galba arrived at the capital in October, 68, accompanied by Otho, the governor of Lusitania, who had joined the cause. Once Galba was within Rome, miscalculations and missteps seemed to multiply. First, he relied upon the advice of a corrupt circle of advisors, most notably: Titus Vinius, a general from Spain; Cornelius Laco, praetorian prefect; and his own freedman, Icelus. Second, he zealously attempted to recover some of Nero's more excessive expenditures by seizing the property of many citizens, a measure that seems to have gone too far and to have caused real hardship and resentment. Third, he created further ill-will by disbanding the imperial corps of German bodyguards, effectively abolishing a tradition that originated with Marius and had been endorsed by Augustus. Finally, he seriously alienated the military by refusing cash rewards for both the praetorians and for the soldiers in Upper Germany who had fought against Vindex.

This last act proved to be the beginning of the end for Galba. On 1 January 69 ("The Year of the Four Emperors"), the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. In response, Galba adopted Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus to show that he was still in charge and that his successor would not be chosen for him. Piso, although an aristocrat, was a man completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate, and it especially angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with the now-familiar promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered.

Assessment
In sum, Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." Modern historians of the Roman world have been no less critical. To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards. He was also guilty of relying on poor advisors, who shielded him from reality and ultimately allowed Otho's conspiracy to succeed. Additionally, the excessive power of his henchmen brought the regime into disfavor and made Galba himself the principal target of the hatred that his aides had incited. Finally, the appointment of Piso, a young man in no way equal to the challenges placed before him, further underscored the emperor's isolation and lack of judgment. In the end, the instability of the post-Julio-Claudian political landscape offered challenges more formidable than a tired, septuagenarian aristocrat could hope to overcome. Ironically, his regime proved no more successful than the Neronian government he was so eager to replace. Another year of bloodshed would be necessary before the Principate could once again stand firm.

Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
VespasianPax_RICii10.jpg
710a, Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.133 viewsSilver denarius, RIC II, 10, aVF, 3.5 g, 18mm, Rome mint, 69-71 AD; Obverse: IMP CAESA[R] VESPASIANV[S AV]G - Laureate head right; Reverse: COS ITER [T]R POT - Pax seated left holding branch and caduceus. Ex Imperial Coins.


De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (A.D. 69-79)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Introduction

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (b. A.D. 9, d. A.D. 79, emperor A.D. 69-79) restored peace and stability to an empire in disarray following the death of Nero in A.D. 68. In the process he established the Flavian dynasty as the legitimate successor to the Imperial throne. Although we lack many details about the events and chronology of his reign, Vespasian provided practical leadership and a return to stable government - accomplishments which, when combined with his other achievements, make his emperorship particularly notable within the history of the Principate.

Early Life and Career

Vespasian was born at Falacrina near Sabine Reate on 17 November, A.D. 9, the son of T. Flavius Sabinus, a successful tax collector and banker, and Vespasia Polla. Both parents were of equestrian status. Few details of his first fifteen years survive, yet it appears that his father and mother were often away from home on business for long periods. As a result, Vespasian's early education became the responsibility of his paternal grandmother, Tertulla. [[1]] In about A.D. 25 Vespasian assumed the toga virilis and later accepted the wearing of the latus clavus, and with it the senatorial path that his older brother, T. Flavius Sabinus, had already chosen. [[2]] Although many of the particulars are lacking, the posts typically occupied by one intent upon a senatorial career soon followed: a military tribunate in Thrace, perhaps for three or four years; a quaestorship in Crete-Cyrene; and the offices of aedile and praetor, successively, under the emperor Gaius. [[3]]

It was during this period that Vespasian married Flavia Domitilla. Daughter of a treasury clerk and former mistress of an African knight, Flavia lacked the social standing and family connections that the politically ambitious usually sought through marriage. In any case, the couple produced three children, a daughter, also named Flavia Domitilla, and two sons, the future emperors Titus and Domitian . Flavia did not live to witness her husband's emperorship and after her death Vespasian returned to his former mistress Caenis, who had been secretary to Antonia (daughter of Marc Antony and mother of Claudius). Caenis apparently exerted considerable influence over Vespasian, prompting Suetonius to assert that she remained his wife in all but name, even after he became emperor. [[4]]

Following the assassination of Gaius on 24 January, A.D. 41, Vespasian advanced rapidly, thanks in large part to the new princeps Claudius, whose favor the Flavians had wisely secured with that of Antonia, the mother of Germanicus, and of Claudius' freedmen, especially Narcissus. [[5]] The emperor soon dispatched Vespasian to Argentoratum (Strasbourg) as legatus legionis II Augustae, apparently to prepare the legion for the invasion of Britain. Vespasian first appeared at the battle of Medway in A.D. 43, and soon thereafter led his legion across the south of England, where he engaged the enemy thirty times in battle, subdued two tribes, and conquered the Isle of Wight. According to Suetonius, these operations were conducted partly under Claudius and partly under Vespasian's commander, Aulus Plautius. Vespasian's contributions, however, did not go unnoticed; he received the ornamenta triumphalia and two priesthoods from Claudius for his exploits in Britain. [[6]]

By the end of A.D. 51 Vespasian had reached the consulship, the pinnacle of a political career at Rome. For reasons that remain obscure he withdrew from political life at this point, only to return when chosen proconsul of Africa about A.D. 63-64. His subsequent administration of the province was marked by severity and parsimony, earning him a reputation for being scrupulous but unpopular. [[7]] Upon completion of his term, Vespasian returned to Rome where, as a senior senator, he became a man of influence in the emperor Nero's court. [[8]] Important enough to be included on Nero's tour of Greece in A.D. 66-67, Vespasian soon found himself in the vicinity of increasing political turbulence in the East. The situation would prove pivotal in advancing his career.

Judaea and the Accession to Power

In response to rioting in Caesarea and Jerusalem that had led to the slaughter in the latter city of Jewish leaders and Roman soldiers, Nero granted to Vespasian in A.D. 66 a special command in the East with the objective of settling the revolt in Judaea. By spring A.D. 67, with 60,000 legionaries, auxiliaries, and allies under his control, Vespasian set out to subdue Galilee and then to cut off Jerusalem. Success was quick and decisive. By October all of Galilee had been pacified and plans for the strategic encirclement of Jerusalem were soon formed. [[9]] Meanwhile, at the other end of the empire, the revolts of Gaius Iulius Vindex, governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, and Servius Sulpicius Galba , governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, had brought Nero's reign to the brink of collapse. The emperor committed suicide in June, A.D. 68, thereby ensuring chaos for the next eighteen months, as first Galba and then Marcus Salvius Otho and Aulus Vitellius acceded to power. Each lacked broad-based military and senatorial support; each would be violently deposed in turn. [[10]]

Still occupied with plans against Jerusalem, Vespasian swore allegiance to each emperor. Shortly after Vitellius assumed power in spring, A.D. 69, however, Vespasian met on the border of Judaea and Syria with Gaius Licinius Mucianus, governor of Syria, and after a series of private and public consultations, the two decided to revolt. [[11]] On July 1, at the urging of Tiberius Alexander, prefect of Egypt, the legions of Alexandria declared for Vespasian, as did the legions of Judaea two days later. By August all of Syria and the Danube legions had done likewise. Vespasian next dispatched Mucianus to Italy with 20,000 troops, while he set out from Syria to Alexandria in order to control grain shipments for the purpose of starving Italy into submission. [[12]] The siege of Jerusalem he placed in the hands of his son Titus.

Meanwhile, the Danubian legions, unwilling to wait for Mucianus' arrival, began their march against Vitellius ' forces. The latter army, suffering from a lack of discipline and training, and unaccustomed to the heat of Rome, was defeated at Cremona in late October. [[13]] By mid-December the Flavian forces had reached Carsulae, 95 kilometers north of Rome on the Flaminian Road, where the Vitellians, with no further hope of reinforcements, soon surrendered. At Rome, unable to persuade his followers to accept terms for his abdication, Vitellius was in peril. On the morning of December 20 the Flavian army entered Rome. By that afternoon, the emperor was dead. [[14]]

Tacitus records that by December 22, A.D. 69, Vespasian had been given all the honors and privileges usually granted to emperors. Even so, the issue remains unclear, owing largely to a surviving fragment of an enabling law, the lex de imperio Vespasiani, which conferred powers, privileges, and exemptions, most with Julio-Claudian precedents, on the new emperor. Whether the fragment represents a typical granting of imperial powers that has uniquely survived in Vespasian's case, or is an attempt to limit or expand such powers, remains difficult to know. In any case, the lex sanctioned all that Vespasian had done up to its passing and gave him authority to act as he saw fit on behalf of the Roman people. [[15]]

What does seem clear is that Vespasian felt the need to legitimize his new reign with vigor. He zealously publicized the number of divine omens that predicted his accession and at every opportunity he accumulated multiple consulships and imperial salutations. He also actively promoted the principle of dynastic succession, insisting that the emperorship would fall to his son. The initiative was fulfilled when Titus succeeded his father in A.D. 79.[[16]]

Emperorship

Upon his arrival in Rome in late summer, A.D. 70, Vespasian faced the daunting task of restoring a city and a government ravaged by the recent civil wars. Although many particulars are missing, a portrait nevertheles emerges of a ruler conscientiously committed to the methodical renewal of both city and empire. Concerning Rome itself, the emperor encouraged rebuilding on vacated lots, restored the Capitol (burned in A.D. 69), and also began work on several new buildings: a temple to the deified Claudius on the Caelian Hill, a project designed to identify Vespasian as a legitimate heir to the Julio-Claudians, while distancing himself from Nero ; a temple of Peace near the Forum; and the magnificent Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre), located on the site of the lake of Nero 's Golden House. [[17]]

Claiming that he needed forty thousand million sesterces for these projects and for others aimed at putting the state on more secure footing, Vespasian is said to have revoked various imperial immunities, manipulated the supply of certain commodities to inflate their price, and increased provincial taxation. [[18]] The measures are consistent with his characterization in the sources as both obdurate and avaricious. There were occasional political problems as well: Helvidius Priscus, an advocate of senatorial independence and a critic of the Flavian regime from the start, was exiled after A.D. 75 and later executed; Marcellus Eprius and A. Alienus Caecina were condemned by Titus for conspiracy, the former committing suicide, the latter executed in A.D. 79.
As Suetonius claims, however, in financial matters Vespasian always put revenues to the best possible advantage, regardless of their source. Tacitus, too, offers a generally favorable assessment, citing Vespasian as the first man to improve after becoming emperor. [[19]] Thus do we find the princeps offering subventions to senators not possessing the property qualifications of their rank, restoring many cities throughout the empire, and granting state salaries for the first time to teachers of Latin and Greek rhetoric. To enhance Roman economic and social life even further, he encouraged theatrical productions by building a new stage for the Theatre of Marcellus, and he also put on lavish state dinners to assist the food trades. [[20]]

In other matters the emperor displayed similar concern. He restored the depleted ranks of the senatorial and equestrian orders with eligible Italian and provincial candidates and reduced the backlog of pending court cases at Rome. Vespasian also re-established discipline in the army, while punishing or dismissing large numbers of Vitellius ' men. [[21]]
Beyond Rome, the emperor increased the number of legions in the East and continued the process of imperial expansion by the annexation of northern England, the pacification of Wales, and by advances into Scotland and southwest Germany between the Rhine and the Danube. Vespasian also conferred rights on communities abroad, especially in Spain, where the granting of Latin rights to all native communities contributed to the rapid Romanization of that province during the Imperial period. [[22]]

Death and Assessment

In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!" [[23]] In fact, public deification did follow his death, as did his internment in the Mausoleum of Augustus alongside the Julio-Claudians.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century.

Bibliography

Since the scholarship on Vespasian is more comprehensive than can be treated here, the works listed below are main accounts or bear directly upon issues discussed in the entry above. A comprehensive modern anglophone study of this emperor is yet to be produced.

Atti congresso internazionale di studi Flaviani, 2 vols. Rieti, 1983.

Atti congresso internazionale di studi Vespasianei, 2 vols. Rieti, 1981.

Bosworth, A.B. "Vespasian and the Provinces: Some Problems of the Early 70s A.D." Athenaeum 51 (1973): 49-78.

Brunt, P. A. "Lex de imperio Vespasiani." JRS (67) 1977: 95-116.

D'Espčrey, S. Franchet. "Vespasien, Titus et la littérature." ANRW II.32.5: 3048-3086.

Dudley, D. and Webster, G. The Roman Conquest of Britain. London, 1965.

Gonzalez, J. "The Lex Irnitana: A New Copy of the Flavian Municipal Law." JRS 76 (1986): 147-243.

Grant, M. The Roman Emperors: A Biographical Guide to the Rulers of Rome, 31 B.C. - A.D. 476. New York, 1985.

Homo, L. Vespasien, l'Empereur du bons sens (69-79 ap. J.-C.). Paris, 1949.

Levi, M.A. "I Flavi." ANRW II.2: 177-207.

McCrum, M. and Woodhead, A. G. Select Documents of the Principates of the Flavian Emperors Including the Year of the Revolution. Cambridge, 1966.

Nicols, John. Vespasian and the Partes Flavianae. Wiesbaden, 1978.

Scarre, C. Chronicle of the Roman Emperors. The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial Rome. London, 1995.

Suddington, D. B. The Development of the Roman Auxiliary Forces from Caesar to Vespasian, 49 B.C. - A.D. 79. Harare: U. of Zimbabwe, 1982.

Syme, R. Tacitus. Oxford, 1958.

Wardel, David. "Vespasian, Helvidius Priscus and the Restoration of the Capitol." Historia 45 (1996): 208-222.

Wellesley, K. The Long Year: A.D. 69. Bristol, 1989, 2nd ed.


Notes

[[1]] Suet. Vesp. 2.1. Suetonius remains the major source but see also Tac. Hist. 2-5; Cass. Dio 65; Joseph. BJ 3-4.

[[2]] Suetonius (Vesp. 2.1) claims that Vespasian did not accept the latus clavus, the broad striped toga worn by one aspiring to a senatorial career, immediately. The delay, however, was perhaps no more than three years. See J. Nicols, Vespasian and the Partes Flavianae (Wiesbaden, 1978), 2.

[[3]] Military tribunate and quaestorship: Suet. Vesp. 2.3; aedileship: ibid., 5.3, in which Gaius, furious that Vespasian had not kept the streets clean, as was his duty, ordered some soldiers to load him with filth;,they complied by stuffing his toga with as much as it could hold. See also Dio 59.12.2-3; praetorship: Suet. Vesp. 2.3, in which Vespasian is depicted as one of Gaius' leading adulators, an account consistent with Tacitus' portrayal (Hist 1.50.4; 2.5.1) of his early career. For a more complete discussion of these posts and attendant problems of dating, see Nicols, Vespasian, 2-7.

[[4]] Marriage and Caenis: Suet. Vesp. 3; Cass. Dio 65.14.

[[5]] Nicols, Vespasian, 12-39.

[[6]] Suet. Vesp. 4.1 For additional details on Vespasian's exploits in Britain, see D. Dudley and G. Webster, The Roman Conquest of Britain (London, 1965), 55 ff., 98.

[[7]] Concerning Vespasian's years between his consulship and proconsulship, see Suet. Vesp. 4.2 and Nicols, Vespasian, 9. On his unpopularity in Africa, see Suet. Vesp. 4.3, an account of a riot at Hadrumentum, where he was once pelted with turnips. In recording that Africa supported Vitellius in A.D. 69, Tacitus too suggests popular dissatisfaction with Vespasian's proconsulship. See Hist. 2.97.2.

[[8]] This despite the fact that the sources record two rebukes of Vespasian, one for extorting money from a young man seeking career advancement (Suet. Vesp. 4.3), the other for either leaving the room or dozing off during one of the emperor's recitals (Suet. Vesp. 4.4 and 14, which places the transgression in Greece; Tac. (Ann. 16.5.3), who makes Rome and the Quinquennial Games of A.D. 65 the setting; A. Braithwaite, C. Suetoni Tranquilli Divus Vespasianus, Oxford, 1927, 30, who argues for both Greece and Rome).

[[9]] Subjugation of Galilee: Joseph. BJ 3.65-4.106; siege of Jerusalem: ibid., 4.366-376, 414.

[[10]] Revolt of Vindex: Suet. Nero 40; Tac. Ann. 14.4; revolt of Galba: Suet. Galba 10; Plut. Galba, 4-5; suicide of Nero: Suet. Nero 49; Cass. Dio 63.29.2. For the most complete account of the period between Nero's death and the accession of Vespasian, see K. Wellesley, The Long Year: A.D. 69, 2nd. ed. (Bristol, 1989).

[[11]] Tac. Hist. 2.76.

[[12]] Troops in support of Vespasian: Suet. Vit. 15; Mucianus and his forces: Tac. Hist. 2.83; Vespasian and grain shipments: Joseph. BJ 4.605 ff.; see also Tac. Hist. 3.48, on Vespasian's possible plan to shut off grain shipments to Italy from Carthage as well.

[[13]] On Vitellius' army and its lack of discipline, see Tac. Hist. 2.93-94; illness of army: ibid., 2.99.1; Cremona: ibid., 3.32-33.

[[14]] On Vitellius' last days, see Tac. Hist. 3.68-81. On the complicated issue of Vitellius' death date, see L. Holzapfel, "Römische Kaiserdaten," Klio 13 (1913): 301.

[[15]] Honors, etc. Tac. Hist. 4.3. For more on the lex de imperio Vespasiani, see P. A. Brunt, "Lex de imperio Vespasiani," JRS (67) 1977: 95-116.

[[16]] Omens: Suet. Vesp. 5; consulships and honors: ibid., 8; succession of sons: ibid., 25.

[[17]] On Vespasian's restoration of Rome, see Suet. Vesp. 9; Cass. Dio 65.10; D. Wardel, "Vespasian, Helvidius Priscus and the Restoration of the Capitol," Historia 45 (1996): 208-222.

[[18]] Suet. Vesp. 16.

[[19]] Ibid.; Tac. Hist. 1.50.

[[20]] Suet. Vesp. 17-19.

[[21]] Ibid., 8-10.

[[22]] On Vespasian's exploits in Britain, see esp. Tac., Agricola, eds. R. M. Ogilvie and I. A. Richmond (1967), and W. S. Hanson, Agricola and the Conquest of the North (1987); on the granting of Latin rights in Spain, see, e.g., J. Gonzalez, "The Lex Irnitana: a New Copy of the Flavian Municipal Law." JRS 76 (1986): 147-243.

[[23]] For this witticism and other anecdotes concerning Vespasian's sense of humor, see Suet. Vesp. 23.

Copyright (C) 1998, John Donahue. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis, an Online Encyplopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/vespasia.htm
Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
444Hadrian_RIC758.jpg
758 Hadrian Sestertius Roma 134-38 AD Fides standing19 viewsReference.
RIC 758; BMCRE 1504

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
laureate head right.

Rev. FIDES PVBLICA
Fides standing right, holding basket of fruits and grain ears.

20.62 gr
30 mm
7 h
okidoki
titus-r12.jpg
79-81 AD Titus RIC-12239 viewsIMP TITVS CAES VESPASIANVS AVG PM - Laureate head right
TRP VIIII IMP XIIII COS VII P P - Quadriga with modius of grain

First issue after july AD 79. This is the same year that Vesuvius erupted!
jimwho523
Album-2522.jpg
Ağ Qoyunlu: Ya'qub (1478-1490 CE) AR Tanka, NM, ND (Album-2522)12 viewsObv: Within cartouche, السلطان العادل يعقوب خان (the Just Sultan, Ya’qub Khan); below, خلد الله ملکه (May Allah preserve his kingdom) where mint name is usually found; margin unread
Rev: Within square, فمن يعمل مثقال ذرة خيرا يره (He who does the weight of one grain of good shall see it); in margin, ابو بكر عمر عثمان علي (the Rashidun - Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali)
SpongeBob
RI 132ep img.jpg
Abundantia868 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS . P . F . AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ABVNDANTIA AVG, Abundatia, standing right, empting cornucopiae
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe.) Emission 4 Officina 4
Date Minted – Middle to End 277 A.D.
References: Cohen 1. Bastien 195 (54 examples). RIC 17 Bust type F (Common)

Abundantia stands for abundance or plenty. Her attributes are ears of corn (grain) and cornucopiae. She is sometimes (as here) shown emptying the cornucopiae and sometimes shown seated. Her Greek name is Euthenia
1 commentsmaridvnvm
adr.JPG
Adramytteion, Mysia15 viewsFourth century BC
Bronze AE 12
1.47 gm, 12 mm
Obverse: Head of Zeus three-quarter facing to right
Reverse: Eagle standing on altar, wings closed, Grain Ear before, AΔΡΑ above.
Sear 3803;
Weber 4949;
Babelon (Traite) plate 170, 16
Jaimelai
adramytteionpan1.jpg
Adramytteion, Mysia, 187 - 133 B. C.212 viewsAE12; (Weber 4949); weight 2.1g, max. diameter 12.83mm; Obv.laureate head of Zeus, facing slightly right, Rev. ΑΔΡΑ above, M-Y(in retrograde) below bird, eagle standing left on rock; grain ear before. Green patina.

The city is said to have been named after its founder, Adramys (also Adromos, Adromon or Adromus), notable for being a brother of king Kroisos of Lydia. Sear GCV II p. 355

Ex. Aegean Numismatics
8 commentsSteve E
zeugitania.jpg
AE 1716 viewsCarthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 109 ff., F, Sicilian (?) mint, 2.372g, 15.0mm, 225o, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace; reverse, horse standing right, date palm tree behind. Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage. Ex FORVMPodiceps
tarsus.jpg
AE 26 Civic Issue of Tarsus in Cilicia after 164 BC12 viewsObverse: City goddess (Tyche) seated right on a throne holding an ear of grain, at her feet swims the river god Kyndos.
Reverse: Jupiter Nikephoros seated right holding staff. TARSEWN (of the Tarsians) in the right field
The obverse symbolizes the city on the banks of the Kyndos river, holding the symbol of its prosperity. Tarsos was the birthplace of the Apostle Paul. In the Roman era the figure of Jupiter has replaced the ancient God, Sandan.
SNGLev979m(ref. Wildwinds), w.t 14.7 gms
daverino
empress.jpg
AE Imitation of a Faustina denarius (RIC 379)26 viewsFaustina I, struck after 140 A.D.
Obv.: DIVPA AEVSTIN, draped bust right
Rev.: C[ER]ES, Ceres seated on throne left, holding ears of grain and szepter
18.6mm, 3.85g
areich
Elaea~0.jpg
Aeolis, Elaea. AE1622 views
Obv: Head of Persephone or Demeter right, wreathed with grain.
Rev: EΛ-AI/T-ΩN, torch within grain wreath.
BMC Aeolis p. 127, 20
ancientone
ElaeaVerus.jpg
Aeolis, Elaea. Lucius Verus AE1680 viewsObv: LOVKIOC KAICAP, Bare-headed youthful bust r.
Rev: ELAI TWN, Kalathos with grain-ears and poppies.
1 commentsancientone
Aeolis_Elaia_1.PNG
Aeolis, Elaia, 340 BC5 viewsAeolis, Elaia, 340 BC

Obverse: Head of Athena left in Corinthian helmet.

Reverse: Grain seed within olive wreath.

10mm Weight: 1.21 grams
Macedonian Warrior
DSCN5810.jpg
AEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC. AE16mm.20 viewsAEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC.
Obv.Head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath
Rev.Torch within grain wreath, EΛ-AI/T-ΩN.
Ref. SNG München 395; SNG Copenhagen 181-5, Sear 4206.
Lee S
IMG_2200.JPG
AEOLIS: Elaia7 viewsAEOLIS, Elaia. 2nd-1st century BC. Ć 16mm. Head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath / Torch within grain wreath, EΛ-AI/T-ΩN. SNG München 395; SNG Copenhagen 181-5, Sear 4206.Molinari
RI 064ad img~0.jpg
Africa455 viewsSeptimius Severus Denarius
Obv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– AFRICA, Africa, wearing elephant-skin head-dress, reclining left with scorpion & cornucopiae; basket of heads of grain (called corn ears in the UK) before
References:– VM 8/2, RIC 254, RCV02 6261, RSC 31

Personification of North Africa
maridvnvm
DSCN5866A.jpg
Agathocles, Syracuse Sicily 304-289 B.C. AE15mm17 viewsAgathocles, Syracuse Sicily 304-289 B.C.
Obv. Wreathed head of Persephone left, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Rev. Bull butting to left; club and O above; ? in exergue
Lee S
syracuse_agathocles.jpg
Agathocles; AE 21; Head of Kore right/ Nike driving biga right7 viewsSICILY, Syracuse. Agathokles. Circa 317-289 B.C. Bronze AE 21, Calciati II pp. 255-7, 122; cf. BMC Sicily p. 201, 441 (monogram off flan on our coin), F, corrosion and encrustation, Syracuse mint, weight 8.126g, maximum diameter 23.5mm, die axis 90o, 287 - 278 B.C.; obverse ΣΥΡΑΚΟΣΙΩΝ, head of Kore right, wreathed in grain; reverse Nike driving biga right, whip in right, reigns in left, star above, monogram upper left. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Syracuse1.jpg
Agathokles13 viewsSicily, Syracuse. Agathokles. (317-289 BC). 20mm, 6g. Head of Kore left, wreath with grain-ears / Bull butting left; astralagos above. VF; Calciati II 102. 722568; SNG ANS 604Neal A
agrippina_jr.jpg
Agrippina Jr; Obol, Agrippina as Demeter/ kalathos54 viewsAgrippina Junior, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Bronze obol, Dattari 179; Milne 127; BMC Alexandria p. 14, 111 var (year 12); Geissen -; SNG France -, Emmett 105 (R4), Fair/Poor, Alexandria mint, 4.907g, 23.7mm, 52 - 53 A.D.; obverse “AGRIPPINA” C“EBA”C“TH”, bust of Agrippina right, as Demeter, wreathed with grain; reverse, kalathos (modius) containing stalks of grain and poppy heads bound with flower wreath, flanked on each side by a flaming torch bound with fillet, L I“G” (year 13) in ex; rare. Ex FORVMPodiceps
AIOLIS_ELAEA_(2).jpg
AIOLIS, ELAEA24 viewsca. 300 BC
AE 11 mm 1.33 g
O: Bust of Athena left wearing a Corinthian helmet
R: E - L on either side of corn grain between two olive branches



laney
ATHENA_GRAIN_ELAEA_RES.jpg
AIOLIS, ELAEA23 viewsca. 300 BC
AE 10.5 mm, 1.24 g
O: Bust of Athena left wearing a Corinthian helmet
R: Corn grain between two olive branches
laney
GRK_Aiolis_Elaia_Sear_4203.jpg
Aiolis, Elaia10 viewsSear 4203 var. (size), SNG Kayhan 83; SNG Copenhagen 169; SNG von Aulock 1605.

AE unit, struck ca. ca 350-320 BC., 1.30 g., 11.18 mm. max., 90°

Obv.: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.

Rev.: E-[Λ], corn grain within olive wreath.

Elaia was the port of Pergamum; the site is not precisely determined but is near Zeytindag, Izmir Province, Turkey.
Stkp
elaia_commodus_SNGcop199.jpg
Aiolis, Elaia, Commodus, SNG Copenhagen 19919 viewsCommodus, AD 177-192
AE 21, 2.46g
obv. AV KAI - KOMMODO
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, r.
rev. ELAIT - WN
Bust of Crispina as Demeter or Persephone, drsped and diademed, r., holding in l. hand poppy and 2
grain-ears
ref. SNG Copenhagen 199; SNG von Aulock 1641; SNG München 431; SNG Leypold 515; BMC Aiolis p.131, 47
about VF, nice green patina, elegant depiction
From Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Elaia was the harbour of Pergamon.
Jochen
Aitna_Persephone.JPG
Aitna, Sicily53 views210-150 BC (Roman rule)
AE Hexas (16.5mm, 3.89g)
O: Head of Persephone right, wreathed in grain.
R: Filleted cornucopia; two pellets in upper right, AITNAI−ΩN upward to left.
HGC 2, 70; Calciati III, 152, 11; SNG ANS 1165; SNG München 26; Sear 1019v (pellets to left); BMC 5, 8
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Demeter and Persephone
"…As Queen of Death, that worship which is Fear,
Henceforth, as having risen from out the dead,
Shalt ever send thy life along with mine…"
~Alfred Lord Tennyson
1 commentsEnodia
Hahn-71_2.jpg
Aksumite Empire: Armah (ca. 630-650) AR Unit (Hahn, Aksumite 71.2; Munro-Hay Type 151; BMC Axum 566)7 viewsObv: ነገሠ አረመሐ (neguš ’ArmaH; King Armah); Crowned bust of Armah facing right, holding cruciform scepter; cross-tipped grain ear to left
Rev: ሠሀለ ወሰለመ (šáhl wa-salám; Mercy and Peace); Church façade
Quant.Geek
Hahn_Aksumite-70_2.JPG
Aksumite Empire: Ella Gabaz (ca. 610-630) Ć Unit (Hahn, Aksumite 70.2; Munro-Hay 120; BMC Aksum 414)27 viewsObv: "King WZN" (in Ge'ez), draped bust right wearing headcloth, holding grain ear
Rev: "He who is Fitting for the People" (in Ge'ez), long cross with ends terminating in smaller crosses over a smaller Greek cross; gilding in center
1 commentsSpongeBob
Alexander_I~1.jpg
Alexander I Balas 150-145 B.C.13 viewsAlexander I Balas 150-145 B.C. Ae 18.6~19.4mm. 7.08g. Obv: Head of Alexander I as Alexander the Great r. in crested Macedonian helmet. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Nike standing l. crowning royal name with wreath and holding palm, ear of grain outer l. monogram A/B inner l. Houghton 201, SNG Cop Syria 263, Babelon 851ddwau
Alexander_II_Zabinas~3.jpg
Alexander II Zabinas 128-122 B.C.20 viewsAlexander II Zabinas 128-122 B.C. Ae 18.5~18.7mm 5.43 gm. Antioch, ca. 125-122 BC. Obv: Diademed and radiate head of Alexander right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔPOY Two intertwined cornucopias; to left, Σ above grain ear; A to right. HGC 9, --. SC 2235.1f. SNG Spaer 2310. SNG Cop. 370.ddwau
Alexander_II~1.jpg
Alexander II Zabinas 128-122 B.C.15 viewsAlexander II Zabinas 128-122 B.C. Ae 18.7~19.9mm 6.68g. Antioch, ca. 125-122 BC. Obv: Diademed and radiate head of Alexander right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔPOY Two intertwined cornucopias; to left, Σ above grain ear; A to right. HGC 9, --. SC 2235.1f. SNG Spaer 2310. SNG Cop. 370.ddwau
AAESb_small.png
Alexander III 'the Great' Ć1924 viewsKINGS OF MACEDON. Alexander III 'the Great' (336-323).

Macedonian mint. 336-323 BC.

19mm., 3.99g.

Macedonian shield with head of Herakles ornamenting boss facing three-quarters right in centre, five double crescent-like ornaments around

B - A (BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY) flanking. Macedonian officer's helmet facing with ear flaps and crest from side to side; grain-ear

References: SNG Alpha Bank 849 (?); Price 2806 (?)

AAES
RL
alex3_miletos_pan.jpg
Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Miletos mint89 viewsBronze AE 1/4 Unit, Price 2102Ab, weight 1.1g, max. diameter 11.65 mm, Miletos mint, Posthumous issue c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obv. Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟ[Υ], bow in case above, club and stalk of grain below. Dark brown and green patina with some earthen residue. Appears to have little or no wear! (much better in hand) Very scarce denomination from this mint.1 commentsSteve E
73678q00.jpg
Alexander Severus5 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 188, RSC III 29a, BMCRE IV 674, SRCV II 7859, Hunter III -, aEF, both sides slightly off-center but broad flan so only the tops of a few letters off flan, some die wear, die break below bust, 3.168g, 19.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 231 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head right, with neatly trimmed beard; reverse ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left, two heads of grain downward in right hand over modius overflowing with grain at feet left, grounded anchor in left hand;

ex Forum (2004)
arash p
116_Alexander_Secerus_Providentia.JPG
Alexander Severus - AE sestertius9 viewsRome
231-235 AD
laureate head right
IMP ALEXAN_DER PIVS AVG
Providentia or Annona standing front, head left, holding anchor and grain ears over modius
PROVIDENTIA AVG
S C
RIC IV 645, BMCRE V 815, Cohen 509, SRCV 8013
18,56g
Johny SYSEL
Alexander_133.jpg
Alexander Severus - AR denarius25 viewsRome
226 AD
laureate, draped bust right
IMP C M AVR SEV_ALEXAND AVG
Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
ANNO_NA AVG
RIC 133, RSC 23, BMC 341
2,8 g 19-18 mm
Johny SYSEL
Screen_Shot_2014-06-22_at_10_07_00_PM.png
Alexander Severus Silver Denarius 39 views59850. Silver denarius, SRCV II 7923, RIC IV 252, RSC III 508a, BMCRE VI 813, VF, scratches, 3.143g, 19.8mm, 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.;

obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder;

reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia (or Annona) standing left, stalks of grain in right over modius, anchor in left

Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
1 commentsColby S
087.JPG
Alexander the Great - Bronze Half Unit46 views336-323 B.C.
4.03 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Macedonian shield with head of Herakles wearing lion skin facing slightly right in center
Rev.: Macedonian helmet; B A to either side
grain ear (or rose bud) below left
Price 2807
Jaimelai
Picture 004.jpg
Ambibulus153 viewsPrefect: 9-12 AD
Size: AE Prutah
Obverse: Grain-ear KAICA POC
Reverse: Palm Tree L MA
Date: Year 41 = 11 AD
Reference: Hendin 638
1 commentsJohn K
Amisos~1.jpg
Amisos - AR siglos8 viewsc. 400 - 360 BC
Aphro... magistrate
turreted head of Hera-Tyche left wearing stephanos ornamented with palmettes and annulets, triple-drop earrings and pearl necklace
owl standing facing on shield, grain ear left
AΦ_PO
ΠEIPA
SNG BM Black Sea 1059, SNG Stancomb 660, SNG Cop 122, Rec Gén 27, McClean 7351, HGC 7 229
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
earofgrain.JPG
Amphipolis, Macedonia 187-31 B.C.86 viewsAmphipolis mint, 16mm

Obverse: Diademed head of Apollo right
Reverse: AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN, stalk of grain
Dk0311USMC
Amyntas_III_Diobol.jpg
Amyntas III Diobol -- 393-369 BC15 views1.161 g, 10.5 mm, 0°
Pella Mint
Silver Diobol; Grainy, Edge Chips
Minted During the Reign of Amyntas III
SNG ANS 94; SNG Alpha Bank 200; AMNG III 3

Obverse: Head of Herakles Wearing Nemean Skin Headdress Right.
Reverse: AMYNTA, Within Linear Square, Eagle Stands Left, Head Looking Back Right

Amyntas III, son of Arrhidaeus and father of Philip II, was king of Macedon in 393 BC, and again from 392 to 370 BC. In 393, he was driven out by the Illyrians, but in the following year, with the aid of the Thessalians, he recovered his kingdom. He is historically considered the founder of the unified Macedonian state. Through his youngest son, Philip II, he was paternal grandfather to Alexander the Great.
___________________________________
FORVM purchase; how could I resist a nice coin of Alexander the Great's grandfather?
Hydro
Anazar.jpg
Anazarbus, Cilicia33 viewsPseudo-autonomous
113/114 AD (Reign of Trajan)
AE Assaria (19mm, 4.53g)
O: Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; two grain ears and poppy head before.
R: Veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing polos; torch before.
Ziegler 101; SNG France 2026
From the B/N collection. ex Munzhandlung Ritter
4 commentsEnodia
Anazar~0.jpg
Anazarbus, Cilicia10 viewsPseudo-autonomous
113/114 AD (Reign of Trajan)
AE Assaria (19mm, 4.53g)
O: Veiled and draped bust of Demeter right; two grain ears and poppy head before.
R: Veiled bust of Artemis Perasia right, wearing polos; torch before.
Ziegler 101; SNG France 2026
From the B/N collection. ex Munzhandlung Ritter
1 commentsEnodia
Hendin-1244.jpg
Ancient Judaea, Herodian Kingdom: Agrippa I (37-44 CE) Ć Prutah, Jerusalem, RY 6 (Hendin 1244; TJC 120)9 viewsObv: BACIΛEOC AΓPIΠΠA; umbrella-like canopy
Rev: Three grain ears; across field, date L ς
Quant.Geek
Hendin-1328.jpg
Ancient Judaea, Procuratorial: Coponius (6-9 CE) Ć Prutah, Jerusalem, RY 36 of Augustus (Hendin 1328; TJC 311; RPC 4954)22 viewsObv: KAICA-POC; grain ear
Rev: Palm tree; across field, date (L Λς)
1 commentsQuant.Geek
ThraceMadytosMED.jpg
ANIMALS/PINK FLOYD, Track 2. Dogs.24 viewsTHRACE, Madytos. c. 350 BC
AE13, 1.86 gm
Obv: bull butting right.
Rev: dog seated right, ear of grain behind. M-A
Reference: Sear 1624 cf.; Copenhagen 923-6

Composite picture of the collection:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-104363

Interactive presentation:
http://prezi.com/q7mw1k1zur65/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share


TIF
AtticaEleusisTriptolemosMed.jpg
ANIMALS/PINK FLOYD, Track 3. Pigs (Three Different Ones)22 viewsATTICA, Athens.
Eleusinian festival coinage, 360-330 BC
AE16
Obv: Triptolemos, holding grain ear in right hand, seated left in winged chariot being drawn by two serpents
Rev: pig standing right on mystic staff; bucranium below
Ref: SNG Cop. 415

Composite picture of the collection:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-104363

Interactive presentation:
http://prezi.com/q7mw1k1zur65/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share


TIF
RI 064bg img~0.jpg
Annona434 viewsDenarius
Obv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– ANNONAE AVGG, Annona, standing left, right foot on prow, holding heads of grain (called corn ears in the UK) and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198 - 202
References:– RIC 501 (Common), RSC 21

Annona was the Goddess of the circling year and its harvest produce; Matron of commerce and the market place.
maridvnvm
valerian_69.jpg
ANNONA AVGG, RIC 69 Rome9 viewsValerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 69, aVF, Rome mint, 3.073g, 19.0mm, 0o, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left holding grain-ears over modius and cornucopia; unusual reverse type for the period. Ex FORVMPodiceps
25810_Claudius_II_antoninianus,_RIC_V_18,_VF,_Rome.jpg
ANNONA AVGG, RIC V 18 Rome21 viewsClaudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 18, VF, Rome mint, 2.132g, 20.6mm, 180o, obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVG, Annona standing left, holding stalks of grain and cornucopia, right foot on prow; uneven strike, tough guy portrait. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Roman_Republic_sextans,_Mercury___Prow.JPG
Anonymous Æ Sextans; Mercury/ Prow, ear of grain above, KA to right18 viewsRoman Republic sextans, Mercury / Prow
anonymous sextans, Sicily mint, 211-208 BC. Size/Weight: 20 mm, 6.1g. Obverse: head of Mercury right, two globes above. Reverse: prow, ROMA below, ear of grain above, KA to right. RRC 69/6a. ex areich, photo credit areich
Podiceps
11_anonymous(50).jpg
Anonymous issue, 1st/2nd century AD. Ć Tessera 3,13g, 18-20mm.39 viewsObv: Modius with three grain ears.
Rev: Cantharus.
Cohen VIII p. 272, 55; Göbl Antike-Numismatik 100; Mazzini pl. lxxix, 55.
1 commentsxanthos
IMG_9992.JPG
Antiochos VII Euergetes4 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos VII Euergetes (Sidetes). 138-129 BC. Ć (18mm, 5.21 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Dated SE 179 (134/3 BC). Winged bust of Eros right / Isis headdress; monogram and grain ear to outer left, ΘΟΡ (date) in exergue. SC 2067.14; HGC 9, 1087; DCA 207. ecoli
41684_Philip_I_antoninianus,_SRCV_III_8922,_RIC_IV_28c_ANNONA_AVGG.jpg
Antoninianus; ANNONA AVGG, RIC 28c Rome11 viewsPhilip I, the Arab, First Half of 244 - End of September 249 A.D. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8922, RIC IV 28c, RSC IV 25, VF, Rome mint, 3.823g, 22.5mm, 0o, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left holding stalks of grain over modius and cornucopia; struck with a worn reverse die. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
38176_Philip_I_antoninianus,_RIC_IV_28c_ANNONA_AVGG.jpg
Antoninianus; ANNONA AVGG, RIC 28c Rome10 viewsPhilip I, the Arab, First Half of 244 - End of September 249 A.D. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 28c, RSC IV 25, F, Rome mint, 2.748g, 24.1mm, 180o, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing left, stalks of grain in right over modius overflowing with grain at feet, cornucopia in left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
41696_Philip_I_ant_ric_2b.jpg
Antoninianus; P M TR P II COS P P; Philip seated left on curule chair, RIC IV 2(b)10 viewsPhilip I, the Arab, First Half of 244 - End of September 249 A.D. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8943, RIC IV 2(b), Cohen 120, VF, grainy, Rome mint, 3.943g, 22.1mm, 30o, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, Philip, togate, seated left on curule chair, globe in right, short scepter in left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
ant3.jpg
Antoninius Pius Denarius 34 views Silver denarius, RIC III 175, RSC II 284, BMCRE IV 657, EF, Rome mint, 148 - 149 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII, Annona standing left holding stalks of grain over modius left and anchor;1 commentsAdrian S
00120-Antoninus_Pius.JPG
Antoninus Pius30 viewsAntoninus Pius Denarius
19 mm 2.9 gm
O: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII
Laureate head right
R: COS IIII
Annona standing facing, head left, with grain-ears over modius & anchor.
John Campbell
00913-AntoniniusPius.JPG
Antoninus Pius 26 viewsAntoninus Pius
26 mm 13.37 gm
O: Zeus Nikephorus (with features of Antoninus Pius) enthroned left
R: Tyche of Tarsus seated right on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and poppy; at feet, river-god Cydnus swimming right
Provincial of Cilicia, Tarsus
2 commentsKoffy
00antpio.jpg
ANTONINUS PIUS21 viewsAR denarius. 146 AD. 3,55 grs. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. / Clasped hands. Behind, caduceus and two stalks of grain. COS IIII.
RIC 136. RSC 344.
1 commentsbenito
00apiomanos.jpg
ANTONINUS PIUS30 viewsAR denarius. 146 AD. 3,55 grs. Laureate head right. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP. / Clasped hands. Behind, caduceus and two stalks of grain. COS IIII.
RIC 136. RSC 344.
benito
Pius_AE_Drachm_Alex_2.jpg
Antoninus Pius17 viewsANTONINUS PIUS
Bronze drachm, Alexandria mint, Struck 139/140 A.D.
Laureate head right / EΥΘHNIA, date LB (year 2), Euthenia holding stalks of grain and reclining left on small sphinx
Milne 1609; Emmett 1518; gF/VF
Sosius
Pius_AE_Drachm_Alex.jpg
Antoninus Pius30 viewsAE Drachm, Alexandria Mint
Bust right / Agathodaemon Standing erect right between two ears of corn (grain)
Emmett 1443
Sosius
RIC_Antoninus_Pius_SRCV__cos_iiii_annona.jpg
Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.)8 viewsSRCV ___, RIC III 244, Van Meter 18/15.
AR Denarius, 2.84 g., 18.20 mm. max., 180°
Rome mint, 155-156 A.D.

Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P XIX, laureate head right.

Rev: COS IIII (=Consul Quartum/consul for the fourth time), Annona standing facing, head left, grain ears in right hand, left hand on modius at right on half-seen ship.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-fMO30FI6GY7m-Antoninus_Pius_sestertius.jpg
Antoninus Pius (Augustus) Coin: Brass Sestertius 4 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Laureate bust of Antoninus Pius right
TR POT XX COS IIII SC - Annona standing right holding modius of grain , rudder; foot on prow
Exergue:



Mint: Rome (156-157AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 21.80g / 29mm / 180
References:
RIC 964
C. 1017
Sear 4251
Acquisition/Sale: taterthecat Ebay
Notes: Oct 9, 18 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection
Gary W2
imgonline-com-ua-twotoone-axHee3vYMpwI-Antoninus_Pius_2.jpg
Antoninus Pius (Augustus) Coin: Silver Denarius 4 viewsANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP - Laureate Head Right
TR P COS II - Hands clasped around a caduceus and two grain-ears.
Mint: Rome (139 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.50g / 19mm / 180
References:
RIC 43
RSC 833
BMC 84
Sear 4111
Acquisition/Sale: iszpint eBay

The Gary R. Wilson Collection
Gary W2
Antoninus_37.jpg
Antoninus Pius - AR denarius19 viewsRome
139 AD
laureate head right
IMP T AEL CAES HADR__ANTONINVS
hands, in handshake, grasping winged caduceus and grain ears
AVG PIVS P M TR P__COS__II P P
RIC III 37 var. (bare head); BMCRE 78 note; RSC 100c
2,83 g 18,5-17,5 mm
Johny SYSEL
Antoninus_Pius_TR_P_COS_II.jpg
Antoninus Pius - AR denarius2 viewsRome
139 AD
bare head right
ANTONINVS__AVG PIVS P P
hands in handshake grasping winged caduceus and grain ears
TR__P__COS__II
RSC II 833, RIC III 43
3,46g
Johny SYSEL
867_Antoninus_Pius_Annona.jpg
Antoninus Pius - AR denarius6 viewsRome
152-153 AD
laureate head right
ANTONINVS AVG P_IVS P P TR P XVI
Annona standing left, hand on modius, holding grain ears, modius situated on prow
COS__IIII
RIC III 221, RSC II 290, BMCRE IV 786

This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
Johny SYSEL
1422__Antoninus_Pius_Savatri.jpg
Antoninus Pius - Savatra4 views138-161 AD
laureate head right
ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙC ΑΔΡ__ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟC CΕ
naked unknown deity, half left, holding grain ears and cattail stalk, fish left at the feet; smaller stalk behind
СΑΟVΑ_ΤΡEΩΝ
vA Lykao. 166-81, BMC 2; Volume IV, № 7254
Johny SYSEL
PIUS_BI__TETRA.png
ANTONINUS PIUS / SERAPIS , Alexandria BILLION TETRADRACHM39 viewsMINTED IN ALEXANDRIA , EGYPT FROM 138 - 161 AD
OBVERSE : ANTwNINO C CEBEUC CEB Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REVERSE : Draped bust of Serapis right,modius on head. L K
References : SNG Cop 426 ( No, L K ?)

22.2 MM AND 13.15 GRAMS.

Alexandria ( of Egypt ) issued billon tetradrachms in large numbers between the reign of Augustus and the closing of the Alexandrian mint during the reign of Diocletian. These coins were no doubt mainly intended to pay the salaries of government officials, of the permanent garrison, and of the temporary troops stationed in Alexandria for purposes of war. They were probably also the form in which taxes in money were received, and were used for trade among the people within the city of Alexandria and other Graeco-Roman cities in Egypt. They also served the purpose of providing a subsidiary coinage with Greek legends which formed the vehicle for Roman imperial propaganda throughout Egypt. On the reverse of these coins were placed the Egyptian Hellenized deities, as an indication of the goodwill of the Roman emperors towards Egypt.
The greater part of the agricultural population of Egypt had scarcely any need for coins except to pay their taxes. The real currency and measure of value in the agricultural settlements was grain, wine or oil. The chief export of Egypt was grain, and this did not bring much money to the cultivators, for most of the grain was collected as tribute, not in trade, and they got nothing in return. Consequently, there is reason to suppose that considerably fewer coins circulated in Egypt generally than the region of Alexandria.
From the reign of Nero onwards, Egypt enjoyed an era of prosperity which lasted a century. Much trouble was caused by religious conflicts between the Greeks and the Jews, particularly in Alexandria, which after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD become the world centre of Jewish religion and culture. Under Trajan a Jewish revolt occurred, resulting in the suppression of the Jews of Alexandria and the loss of all their privileges, although they soon returned. Hadrian, who twice visited Egypt, founded Antinoöpolis in memory of his drowned lover Antinous. From his reign onwards buildings in the Greco-Roman style were erected throughout the country. Under Marcus Aurelius, however, oppressive taxation led to a revolt (139 AD) of the native Egyptians, which was suppressed only after several years of fighting.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
Ant__Pius_bono_eventvi.jpg
Antoninus Pius 10 Jul. 138 - 7 Mar. 161 A.D., Rome mint57 viewsCopper as, Sear RCV III 4295, RIC III 676, BMCRE 1358, Cohen 106, gF, corrosion, 10.878 g, 28.2 mm, 180 deg., Rome mint, 142 A.D.; Obv. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III, laureate head right; Rev. BONO EVENTVI S C, Bonus Eventus standing naked facing, head left, patera over flaming altar in right, ears of grain in left; olive patina with scattered red corroded spots.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Photo by Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsSteve E
Antoninus_Pius_AE_As.jpg
Antoninus Pius AE As 21 viewsOBV: ANTONINUS AVG PI VS PP TRP XVIII
Laureate head of Antoninus Pius right,
slight drapery on left shoulder.
REV: FELICITAS COS IIII S C
Felicitas standing facing, head left,
holding long winged caduceus and grain-ears.
RIC III 937; BMCRE 1966; Cohen 372
A.D. 154-155 13.37gm 25-27mm
goldenancients
AntoninusPius_Fides.jpg
Antoninus Pius AE Sestertius. Fides RIC 54641 viewsANTONINUS PIUS. 138-161 AD. Ć Sestertius (28.09 gm). Struck 139 AD. Laureate head right / Fides standing right, holding grain ears and basket of fruit. RIC III 546; BMCRE 1145; Cohen 846.mattpat
Antoninus_Pius_Clasped_hands_RIC_136.JPG
Antoninus Pius Clasped Hands RIC 13625 viewsAntoninus Pius, Denarius, Rome, 18.21mm, 2.8g, RIC 136, RSC 344, BMC 530, RCV II - not listed
OBV: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right
REV: COS IIII, Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
Romanorvm
106.jpg
Antoninus Pius Denarius - Clasped Hands ( RIC 136)58 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 145-147 AD
3.18g

Obv: Laureate bust of Antoninus Pius (R)

Rev: Clasped Hands holding Grain Ears and Caduceus.

COS IIII

RIC 136 RSC 344
1 commentsKained but Able
ap1.jpg
Antoninus Pius Denarius 157AD43 viewsOb. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right
Rev. TR POT XX COS IIII, Annona seated right, holding cornucopiae; modius at feet.

Ref. RSC 1021. RIC 262
weight 3g
Year 157AD


Annona is the personification of grain supply - very important to the people of Rome. She usually holds corn ears and a cornucopia and has a modius to hand (a measure of grain). Frequently a ship is seen with her indicating the transport of grain, generally from Egypt.

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
Antoninus_Pius_Modius_RIC_44.JPG
Antoninus Pius Modius RIC 44 or 58116 viewsAntoninis Pius, Denarius, Rome, 139 AD, 17.32mm, 3.1g, RSC 874a, RIC 44 or 58 (depending if P or POT)
OBV: ANTININVS AVG PIVS P P, bare head right
REV: TR P (or POT) COS II, modius with two grain ears & poppy
3 commentsRomanorvm
AntoninusPiusBoth.jpg
Antoninus Pius Orichalcum sestertius15 viewsRIC 597(a)

Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III - Laureate head right

Rev: ANNONA AVG - Annona standing slightly right, stalks of grain pointed downard in her right, cornucopia in left, modius at feet left, prow of galley right
BamaCS
antoninus_pius_202b.JPG
Antoninus Pius RIC III, 202b239 viewsAntoninus Pius 138-161
AR - Denar, 3.27g, 18.0mm
Rome AD 148-149
obv. IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP
head laureate r.
rev. TR POT XIIII COS IIII
Tranquillitas, draped, standing frontal, head r., holding rudder and corn-ears
in exergue: TRANQ
RIC III, 202b; C.825 (without PIVS, a slip); BMC 736
scarce; EF

TRANQUILLITAS, tranquillity, an abstraction personified for the first time on coins of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius. She is shown with the attributes which seem to hint at an association with the grain supply, a rudder and ears of grain, sometimes a modius or a prow, therefore related to ANNONA and SECURITAS, meaning the peaceful security of the Roman Empire.
1 commentsJochen
Antoninus_Pius_RIC_136.JPG
Antoninus Pius, 138 - 161 AD30 viewsObv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.

Rev: COS IIII, two clasped hands holding a caduceus between two grain ears.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 146 AD

3.6 grams, 17 mm, 0°

RIC III 136, RSC 344, S4078, VM 18/20
1 commentsSPQR Matt
AP_tyana_k.jpg
Antoninus Pius, AD 138-161.4 viewsĆ23, 8.3g, 12h; CAPPADOCIA. Tyana.
Obv.: ΑΥΤΟΚ ΑΝΤWΝЄΙΝΟС СЄΒΑСT; Laureate head right.
Rev.: ΤΥΑΝЄWΝ Τ Π Τ ΙЄΡ ΑCΥ ΑΥΤ / ЄΤ / Θ; Tyche seated left, holding grain ears and bunch of grapes; foot resting on river god Euphrates swimming left; seat decorated with griffin.
Reference: RPC IV online 5741 / 17-300-30
John Anthony
J27-Antoninus Pius.jpg
Antoninus Pius, AR Denarius, “Clasped Hands” 138-161 CE92 viewsSilver Denarius of Antoninus Pius (138-161 CE), 3.00g, 18mm, Rome mint: AD 145-161.

Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right
Reverse: COS IIII, Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus.

Reference: The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III page 43, #136, Hill 722, sear5 #4078, Cohen (RSC) II 334, BMC-RE 530, RC.1237, VM-18/20.

Added to collection: May 15, 2005
Daniel Friedman
ANTOSEg8-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 530b var., sestertius of AD 139.44 viewsĆ Sestertius (24,97g, Ř 32mm, 5h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right.
Rev.: P M TR POT COS II around, S | C, Fides standing facing, head right, holding grain ears and basket of fruit.
RIC 530b var. (obv. legend without P P) ; BMC 1135 var. (same); Cohen 849 var. (same); Strack 756 var. (same); Banti 306 var. (same)
Ex CNG EAuction 355, lot 535, July 2015.
This is an extremely rare variant with the title P P added to the long obv. legend used in 138 to early 139, before the title Pater Patriae was awarded. The first sestertius with this obv. legend appeared in the Garonne Hoard of 1965 and 1970, published in 1984, no. 3569, pl. LVIII. Additional sestertii were collected by Curtis Clay in 1996 and 2012. This specimen is the fourth known. Until now, all these sestertii have the Fides standing reverse type.
2 commentsCharles S
AntoAs37-1.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 676, As of AD 141-143 (Bonus Eventus) 43 viewsĆ As (9,91g, Ř 26mm, 11h). Rome, AD 141-143.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right.
Rev.: BONO EVENTI (around), S | C (in field), Bonus Eventus, naked, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding grain ears.
RIC 676; Cohen 106; Strack 823
Ex CNG eAuction 368, Feb., 2016.
2 commentsCharles S
IMG_9656.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 175 ("C")23 viewsObverse: laureate head, right
Legend: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII

Reverse: Annona standing facing, head left, with grain-ears over modius and anchor.
Legend: COS IIII

1 commentsAquilaSPQR
Antonius_Pius.jpg
Antonius Pius21 viewsObverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP COS III
Reverse: TRANQVILLITAS AVG, Tranquillitas, wearing towered head-dress, standing right, holding rudder and grain ears
Size: 18.5 mm, 3.26 gm
ID#: Cohen 829,
Minted: 140-143 AD, Rome
ickster
ap2.jpg
Antonius Pius 138-161 denarius60 viewsOb. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P laureate head right
Rev. COS IIII, Clasped hands holding grain ears & caduceus
Ref. RIC 136, RSC 344, BMC 530

ANTONINVS AVGVSTS PIVS PATER PATRIAE Antonius Pius is your emperor and augustus, father of the country
CONSUL IIII Consul for the forth time


-:Bacchus:-
1 commentsBacchus
Phoenicia5_copy~0.jpg
Apameia32 viewsSyria, Apameia, AE 17, 36/5 BC. Obv: Tyche facing right; Rev: Athena standing left holding Nike, shield at front, ΑΠΑΜΕΩΝ THΣ EIPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, Seleukid era date ZOE (36/5 BC) to left of Athena. NISC, but similar to RPC 4364v. Same inscription as Hoover HGC 9, 1431 (S), but his has three ears of grain.Molinari
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous_-_BCD_1298_5_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, 360-320/10 BC, Ć Dichalkon12 views Wreathed head of Demeter Chthonia right.
Torch between letters E and P, all within a wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 754 (S); Grandjean Group II, emission 3B d40/r38; BCD Peloponnesos 1298.5 (this coin); Lindgren 1692 (this coin); BMC 15.

(13 mm, 1.80 g, 12h).
Kirk Davis Classical Numismatics, October 2008; Kirk Davis Catalogue 50, Fall 2006, 51; ex-BCD Collection: LHS 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1298.5; ex- Henry Clay Lindgren Collection #1692
n.igma
Hermione_Triobol___BCD_Peloponnesos_1302_(this_coin).jpg
Argolis, Hermione, ca. 280-250 BC, AR Triobol 23 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
EP monogram above ΔI, all within wreath of grain.

BCD Peloponnesos 1302 (this coin); HGC 5, 748; Grandjean, Monnayage Group II, Emission 8, D16/R25 (this coin cited).

(15 mm, 2.58 g, 11h)
Auctiones GmbH 47, 24 April 2016, 25; ex- BCD Collection: LHS Numismatics 96, 8-9 May 2006, 1302; ex- GMRH, May 1979, SFr 500 (per BCD ticket); ex- Ashmolean Museum from the E.S.G. Robinson Collection, donated to the Ashmolean, disposed of as a duplicate.

This coin has a notable provenance that can be traced back to the collection of Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson (1887-1976) a classical numismatist and the Keeper of the Coin and Medal Department at the British Museum 1949-1952. He endowed the Ashmolean with his coin collection in 1964. Within three years of his death the Ashmolean disposed of this coin from the collection, despite the type being extremely rare. That's gratitude for you!
n.igma
IMG_0004_1.JPG
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 350-300 BC. 71 viewsAR Triobol.
ovv: Wreathed head of Demeter left, in single pendant earring & necklace
rev: EP monogram within grain wreath.
SNG Lockett 2510; Jameson 1259; SNG Cop 136.
2 commentsDino
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous,_CNG_833013.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Ć Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch; E-P across field; all within wreath of grain ears.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d38/r36 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 25); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(12 mm, 2.06 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group, July 2009; ex- BCD Collection, purchased from Leu, January 1979; ex- Jacob Hirsch (1874-1955) with his ticket; ex- Professor Athanasios Rhousopoulos (1823-1898) Collection (R/G 5310 = Rhousopuolos Griechen 5310 per Hirsch ticket).
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. 360-320/10 BC, Ć Chalkous11 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d28/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 17); BMC 8; BCD Peloponnesos 1297;Weber 4241; SNG Copenhagen 140-3.

(13 mm, 2.36 g, 12h).
Classical Numismatic Group; ex- BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); ex- Munz Zentrum Sale XLIII, 27 April 1981, 86.
n.igma
Argolis,_Hermione,_AE_Chalkous~0.jpg
Argolis, Hermione. Circa 360-320/10 BC, Ć Chalkous13 viewsWreathed head of Demeter Chthonia left.
Torch between letters E and P, all within wreath of grain.

HGC 5, 753 (C); Grandjean Group I, emission 2B, d25/r24 (this coin cited as Coll. BCD, 13); BCD Peloponnesos 1297.

(13 mm, 2.08 g, 12h).
John Jencek; ex- BCD Collection; ex- The Fountainhead of Fine Coins (December 1980); Found on the Megara acropolis according to Grandjean’s catalogue.
n.igma
tigranes_ii_res.jpg
ARMENIAN KINGDOM--TIGRANES II (THE GREAT)42 viewsKings of Armenia
95 - 58 BC
AE 13 mm, 2.25 g
O: Draped bust of Tigranes, right, wearing tiara
R: BASILEWS-BASILEWN/TIGRANO[Y] Grain ear
ref. Bedoukian 107
laney
AIOLIS_ELAIA_01.jpg
Asia Minor, Aiolis, Elaia24 viewsElaia
Asia Minor, Aiolis
340-300 BC
Obv.: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet
Rev.: Ε - Λ, Corn grain within olive wreath.
Ć, 1.25g, 11.7mm
Ref.: SNG Copenhagen 171-172, BMC 126 11, SNG Muenchen 386
shanxi
G_327_Rhodos_fac.jpg
Asia Minor, Caria, Rhodes, Helios, rose with bud 10 viewsRhodes, 88-84 BC
Asia Minor, Caria
AR Drachm, magistrate Nikephoros
‘Plinthophoric’ coinage (‘plinthophoric’ for the square incuse around the reverse type)
Obv.: Radiate head of Helios right
Rev.: Rose with bud to right; NIKHΦOPOΣ above, hand holding grain ear to lower right, P-O
Ag, 2.11g, 14mm
Ref.: Jenkins, Rhodian, Group E, 249; HGC 6, 1461
shanxi
Livia_01.jpg
Asia Minor, Kilikia, Augusta, Livia23 viewsLivia, wife of Augustus
Cilicia, Augusta
Ć 18mm
Dated year 6 (AD 26/27)
Obv.: IOYΛIΛ [CE]BACTH , Draped bust right
Rev.: [E]TOYC ς AYΓOY CTANWN, Tyche seated right on rock, holding grain ear, river god Saros at feet.
AE, 18mm, 4.36 g
Ref.: SNG Levante 1241 (this coin), RPC I 4009 (this coin)
ex CNG eAuction 106, lot 180
shanxi
G_267_Pergamon.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Philetairos, Athena, bow, barley grains10 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE13, 282 - 133 B.C.
Pergamene Kingdom, Philetairos
Obv.: head of Athena right, wearing helmet
Rev.: ΦIΛE/TAIΡOΥ, bow, two barley grains left
AE, 2.06 g, 13 mm
Ref.:
shanxi
570c.jpg
asmcalee802a116 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: (...)AVPH. ANTΩNεINOC CεB. Laureate head right.
Rev: (...)IOXεΩN MHT KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse left field.
31 mm, 19.42 gms

McAlee 802(a)
Charles M
873c.jpg
asmcalee802a211 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT KA MAPK AVPH. ANTΩNεINOC CεB. Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MH KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse left field.
34 mm, 18.61 gms

McAlee 802(a)
Charles M
1167.jpg
asmcalee802a34 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: (…) MAP AVPH. ANTΩNεINOC (…). Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHTO(…), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse left field.
32 mm, 13.83 gms

McAlee 802(a)
Charles M
1233c.jpg
asmcalee802a44 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT KAI MAPK AVPHΛI. ANTΩNεINOC Cε. Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHTPO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse left field.
31 mm, 19.52 gms

McAlee 802(a)
Charles M
985c.jpg
asmcalee802b13 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVTO KI MAP AVPHΛI. ANTΩNεINOC CεB. Laureate head right, bearded.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MH KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Crescent in reverse left field.
32 mm, 20.28 gms

McAlee 802(b) variant (beard)
Charles M
982c.jpg
asmcalee802b211 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVTO KAI MAP AV(...)NOC Cε. Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN (...), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Crescent in reverse left field.
32 mm, 24.79 gms

McAlee 802(b)


Note: Portrait looks like Caracalla but this type was not struck under Caracalla.
Charles M
762c.jpg
asmcalee802c114 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT·K·M AVP ANTΩNεI(...). Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse left field.
32 mm, 17.94 gms

McAlee Supplement 802(c)
Charles M
785c.jpg
asmcalee802c211 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT K M AV ANTΩNINOC CεB. Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN (...) Ω, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse left field.
34 mm, 16.5 gms

McAlee Supplement 802(c)
Charles M
958c.jpg
asmcalee802c37 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVTO. KAI. MAPK. AVPH(...). Laureate head right.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHT KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse left field.
30 mm, 14.54 gms

McAlee Supplement 802(c)
Charles M
385a.jpg
asmcalee803a114 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. MAV. ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MT KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
32 mm, 14.84 gms

McAlee 803(a)
Charles M
211c.jpg
asmcalee803a212 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANT(...) C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
31 mm, 16.57 gms

McAlee 803(a)
Charles M
756.jpg
asmcalee803a315 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT KAI MA (...) ANTΩNεINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M(...), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse left field.
31 mm, 15.77 gms

McAlee 803(a)
Charles M
915c.jpg
asmcalee803a48 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT KAI MAV ANTΩNεINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse left field.
31 mm, 18.50 gms

McAlee 803(a)
Charles M
968c.jpg
asmcalee803a515 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. MAV. ANTΩNεINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHOΠ KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
34 mm, 15.35 gms

McAlee 803(a)
1 commentsCharles M
121c.jpg
asmcalee803d114 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KA. ΛI ANTΩNεINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field. 2 dots in exergue.
32 mm, 14.49 gms

McAlee 803(d)
Charles M
916c.jpg
asmcalee80512 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT K MAV ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛΩN, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star above ram. No symbol in reverse left field.
35 mm, 20.41 gms

McAlee 805
Charles M
1234c.jpg
asmcalee805_26 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT K MAP ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M KOΛΩ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star above ram. No symbol in reverse left field.
32 mm, 25.03 gms

McAlee 805
Charles M
1182c.jpg
asmcalee807a5 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. MAP. AVPH ANTΩNεINOC CεB. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHT KO , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
32 mm, 16.70 gms

McAlee 807(a)
Charles M
1504.jpg
asmcalee807A5 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: ... ANTΩNεINOC C. Laureate cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANT[IOXεΩN] ... KO... , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse field.
31 mm, 13.18 gms

McAlee 807A
Charles M
981c.jpg
asmcalee807b13 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVTO. KAI. MAP. AV ANTΩNε(…). Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHT(…) , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in reverse left field.
31 mm, 18.53 gms

McAlee 807(b)
Charles M
971c.jpg
asmcalee807c10 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. MAP. AVPHΛ ANTΩNεINOC Cε. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHTPO , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field.Crescent in reverse field.
32 mm, 12.48 gms

McAlee 807(c)
Charles M
1183c.jpg
asmcalee809a8 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. MAP. AV. Cε. ANTΩNεINOC. legend from upper left, radiate head left.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHT KOΛ , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
32 mm, 19.02 gms

McAlee 809(a)
Charles M
1399c.jpg
asmcalee809b2 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. MAP. AV. Cε. ANTΩNεINOC. legend from upper left, radiate head left.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN MHT KO , Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; above, ram leaping left, head right; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. Star in left upper field..
32 mm, 19.28 gms

McAlee 809(b)
Charles M
543a.jpg
asmcalee810a111 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩ M. N(...), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
26 mm, 11.29 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
606.jpg
asmcalee810a212 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
25 mm, 11.80 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
932c.jpg
asmcalee810a39 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: (…) K. M. AV. ANTΩNINO-C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOX(…), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
25 mm, 10.55 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
983c.jpg
asmcalee810a410 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
25 mm, 15.16 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
1013c.jpg
asmcalee810a57 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINO(…). Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. K, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
26 mm, 10.24 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
1503.jpg
asmcalee810a66 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC C. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: [ANT]IOXεΩN M. KOΛΩI, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
26 mm, 11.39 gms

McAlee 810(a)
Charles M
1049.jpg
asmcalee8118 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC. Laureate head right, no drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
25 mm, 9.26 gms

McAlee 811
Charles M
655c.jpg
asmcalee81212 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KOΛ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
24 mm, 12.60 gms

McAlee 812
Charles M
646c.jpg
asmcalee812_213 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. KAI. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC Cε. Laureate head right, slight drapery at neck.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
24 mm, 11.88 gms

McAlee 812
Charles M
913a.jpg
asmcalee8169 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: [AVT.] K. M. AV. AN[TΩNINOC Cε]. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOX[εΩN] M. KOΛΩ, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
25 mm, 8.52 gms

McAlee 816
Charles M
885.jpg
asmcalee816_27 viewsElagabalus
Antioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩNINOC [Cε]. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. KO, Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
27 mm, 8.80 gms

McAlee 816
Charles M
980c.jpg
asmcalee816_39 viewsAntioch, Syria

Obv: AVT. K. M. AV. ANTΩ(…). Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
Rev: ANTIOXεΩN M. (…), Tyche seated left on rocks, holding grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rocks; below, river-god Orontes swimming left; S-C and Δ-ε across upper field. No symbol in reverse field.
24 mm, 11.08 gms

McAlee 816
Charles M
erf_rp3040.jpg
Athena Panthea - Goddess of one-stop shopping487 viewsAttributes: the wings of Nike, the rudder of Tyche, the sistrum of Isis, the grain ears of Demeter, the cornucopia of nearly everybody, and her own shield.1 commentsflinn
NOW_BOTH_GRAIN_EAR.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 155/4 BC4 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
33mm 17.2gm Thompson issue 10
Thompson catalogue: Obs 50 : Rev: (not in plates)/ NEW?
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
2 Complex magistrates monograms in both fields
LF symbol: Ear of Grain
All surrounded by olive wreath
cicerokid
Poppy_BOTH.jpg
Athens New Style Tetradrachm 82/1 BC5 viewsObs : Athena Parthenos right in tri-form helmet
29 mm 16.82 gm Thompson issue 83 Thompson catalogue: Obs 1183 Rev: not in plates/ NEW
Rev : ΑΘΕ ethnic
Owl standing on overturned panathenaic amphora
on which month mark K control ΔI below
2 magistrates : LYSANDROS OINOPHILOS
RF symbol : Poppy Head between 2 Grain Ears
All surrounded by an olive wreath
cicerokid
Eleusis_AE.JPG
Athens, Attica129 viewsEleusinian Festival Coinage
340-335 BC
AE 16 (16mm, 3.65g)
O: Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, holding grain ear in right hand.
R: Pig standing right on mystic staff; EΛEYΣI above, bucranium in ex.
SNG Cop 416; Sear 2586v

The Sons of Dysaules
The story of Triptolemus being charged with bringing agriculture to man has been well told. That of his brother Eubouleus perhaps less so.
Eubouleus was a swineherd whose pigs were lost when the Earth gaped open to swallow up Persephone.
Pigs were sacrificed during the Eleusinian Rites in a women’s mystery ritual known as the Thesmophoria. The piglets would be washed in the sea during the Procession and then brought back to the Sanctuary and ritually slaughtered.
It is interesting to note that in ancient Greek religion pigs were thought to be able to absorb miasma from humans, making this an even more appropriate offering.

"It is said, then, that when Demeter came to Argos she was received by Pelasgos into his home, and that Khrysanthis, knowing about the rape of Kore, related the story to her. Afterwards Trokhilos, the priest of the mysteries, fled, they say, from Argos because of the enmity of Agenor, came to Attika and married a woman of Eleusis, by whom he had two children Eubouleos and Triptolemos. That is the account given by the Argives."
~ Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 14. 3
8 commentsEnodia
attica_athen_Thompson715b.jpg
Attica, Athens, Thompson 715b168 viewsAttica, Athens, 110/109 BC
AR - tetradrachm ('New Style'), 16.64g, 33mm
struck under magistrates Zoilos, Euandros and Lysippos
obv. Head of Athena Parthenos, wearing crested Attic helmet, decorated with gryphion, r.
rev. Owl, stg. r. on amphora reclined r.
in l. and r. field A - QE
beneath ZOI - LOS / EYA / NDRO / LYSI / PP
in r. feld grain, beneath a bee
Amphora inscribed with Gamma (number of month)
beneath SF
All within olive wreath
ref. Thompson 715b
EF, slightly toned

A must for every collector. I have waited a long time for this coin. A wonderful portrait!
9 commentsJochen
G_298_Athen_fac.jpg
Attica, Athens, Triptolemos, Piglet 9 viewsAttica. Athens
Circa 322/17-307 BC
Eleusinian festival coinage
Obv.: Triptolemos, holding grain ears, seated left in winged chariot drawn by two snakes
Rev.: AΘE, Piglet standing right on mystic staff, Plemochoe in exergue
Ć 15.5mm, 3.31g
Ref.: Kroll 40; SNG Copenhagen 419
shanxi
41286_Livia,_Wife_of_Augustus_and_Mother_of_Tiberius,_Augusta,_Cilicia,_Time_of_Nero.jpg
Augusta, Cilicia, Time of Nero. AE 18, Tyche seated on throne, holding grain, river god Saros4 viewsLivia, Wife of Augustus and Mother of Tiberius, Augusta, Cilicia, Time of Nero. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 4013, SNG Levante 1238, SNG Cop -, aF, porous, Augusta mint, 6.084g, 18.2mm, 0o, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse “ΣΕΒΑΣΤΗ ΛΙΟΥΙΑ”, draped bust right; reverse “ΑΥΓΟΥΣΤΑΝΩΝ”, Tyche seated on throne, holding grain, river god Saros at feet; rare. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
pmaugustcist.jpg
AUGUSTUS33 viewsAR Cistophorus . Ephesos, c. 25 BC. 12,18 grs. Bare head of Augustus to right. IMP CAESAR / Bunch of six ears of grain, tied together. AVGVSTVS .
RIC 478. RPC 2214.
benito
pmaugustcist~0.jpg
AUGUSTUS19 viewsAR Cistophorus . Ephesos, c. 25 BC. 12,18 grs. Bare head of Augustus to right. IMP CAESAR / Bunch of six ears of grain, tied together. AVGVSTVS .
RIC 478. RPC 2214.

benito
AUGUSTUS_-_Marcus_Ambibulus_.jpg
Augustus / Marcus Ambibulus, procurator of Judea under Augustus.22 viewsMarcus Ambibulus, procurator of Judea under Augustus, 9-12 AD, bronze prutah of 15.4 mm, 1.72 grams. Struck in the year 10 AD.
Obverse: Ear of grain, KAICA POC.
Reverse: Palm tree with 2 bunches of dates and date, LM.
Reference: Hendin-1330.

“Swear to me, young women of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or by the does of the field, that you won’t awaken or arouse love before its proper time.” Song of Solomon.
Sam
10291.jpg
Bardas Parsakoutenos, magistros and doux of Anatolikon. Lead seal c. AD 970-990 241 views10291|Bardas Parsakoutenos, magistros and doux of Anatolikon. Lead seal c. AD 970-990
Star with six rays ending in something resembling arrows; circular invocational legend + KE ROHΘEI TW CW ΔUΛW
+RAPΔ|MAΓICTP,|S ΔUΞ TWN| ANATOΛ’K|TWN OΠAT|O ΠAPCK’ in six lines
30mm; 16.24gram.

Before turning to the identification of the seal’s owner, there are a number of issues to be addressed about the reverse legend. Up to the fourth line, all is clear. A nominative legend listing Bardas’ dignity of magistros and his office of doux ton Anatolikon. The last line has his family name Pars(a)k(outenos). The fifth line, however, does not make sense. It might be an engraver’s error, repeating TWN of the third line and O ΠAP of the last line. This explanation, even though unelegant, has to do for now, unless an otherwise unknown office or command is meant.
The seal’s owner is probably the person named in Leon Diakonos (VII.1) as one of three brothers Parsakoutenos, who backed Bardas Phokas the younger during his rebellion of AD 970 against John I Tzimiskes. These brothers, Theodore, Bardas and Nikephoros took their name, according to Leon, “after the city of their birth, Parsakouta”, which is a village on the road between Nymphaion and Sardis in the Thrakesian theme (p. 162, n.4 of the English edition). Leon adds that the Parsakoutenoi were cousins of Bardas Phokas and that they held the rank of patrikios and adds that they ‘mustered troops with great zeal’. Skylitzes (291.13-14) adds that Theodore and Nikephoros were the sons of the patrikios Theodoulos Parsakoutenos, and were exarchs in Cappadocia (p. 162, n.3). The rebellion, however, was extinguished by the skilled general Bardas Skleros, and Bardas Phokas was temporarily imprisoned.
Leon Diakonos once again mentions Bardas Parsakoutenos in book X, chapter 7, during the revolt of Bardas Skleros. He is now called magistros, a higher rank than patrikios, which implies that his earlier allegience to a usurper had not frustrated his political career. In the late 970’s, Skleros conquered large parts of Asia and was threatening to blockade the Dardanelles, hindering merchants and grain transports to the capital. In the end, he was defeated by Bardas Phokas on 24th of March 979 and fled to Muslim territory. But before his final defeat on the battleground, according to Leon Diakonos, his fortress at Abydos was seized, his army destroyed, and fire was set to his fleet of triremes by an imperial fleet of fireships dispatched from the capital under the command of Bardas Parsakoutenos. The seal, listing Bardas’ dignity as magistros, not patrikios as attested in AD 970, might well be from this period.
1 commentsGert
demeter_dion_BCC_LT24.jpg
BCC LT2437 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Obv: Demeter facing, head turned right,
holding torch (and grain).
Rev: Dionysus standing left, thyrsus in
left hand, (?) in right, Panther at feet.
The tetrastyle temple represented on coins
of Caesarea show Tyche-Astarte in the center,
possibly flanked by Demeter on the left and
Dionysos on the right. (Kadman, pp. 53 f.)
Truncated conical shape.
8.5 x 10mm 1.08gm. Axis:180
v-drome
serapis_tessera_BCC_Lt9.jpg
BCC Lt956 viewsLead Tessera
Caesarea Maritima
Obv: Mummiform Zeus Heliopolites standing facing, holding
whip and grain ears; at feet, foreparts of bulls on either side.
Rev: Standing figure,head turned to the left, perhaps
Venus/Aphrodite, who also was honored with a temple
at Heliopolis (Baalbek).
9mm. 0.38gm. Axis:0
1 commentsv-drome
BCC_m51.jpg
BCC m5153 viewsCaesarea Minima BCC m51
Mint: unknown. Possibly
Jerusalem or Caesarea?
Revolt Imitation or
minima Prutah
Obv: Pomegranate? or grain stalk?
Rev: Grape vine leaf
AE12mm.0.84g.Axis:270?
1 commentsv-drome
grain_minima_BCC_M90.jpg
BCC M9025 viewsCaesarea Minima
Uncertain Date
Unknown Mint
Obv: Helmeted head right.
Rev: Three ears of grain?
13.5x12.0mm. 1.47gm. Axis:180
v-drome
Monkey_ring_BCC_MA15.jpg
BCC MA1523 viewsBronze Ring Fragment
Caesarea Maritima
Uncertain Date
1st-2nd Century CE?
Bronze ring with sculptured
bezel in the form of a monkey.
There is a small crystal in one
eye, but it may just be a grain
of sand adhering to the patina.
height of bezel: 8mm.
wt.1.22gm.
(click on pic for higher resolution)
v-drome
salonina_ceres_Ri11a.jpg
BCC Ri1128 viewsRoman Imperial
Salonina 253-268 CE
AR Antoninianus (base silver)
Obv: SALONINA AVG
Diademed and draped bust right, on crescent.
Rev: CERERI AVG
Ceres seated left, stalks of grain in right hand,
long torch in left. In exergue: palm branch.
22mm. 2.47gm Axis:0
Possible references:
Antioch or Cyzicus Mint, Goebl 1637e; RIC 90 var.
v-drome
philip_sestertius.jpg
BCC RI516 viewsRoman Imperial
Philip I 244-249CE
AE Sestertius
Obv:IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev:ANNONA A[VGG] SC
Annona standing left with cornucopia, grain ears, modius .
27mm. 18.53gm. Axis:0
Sear 2491 RIC 168a
v-drome
817212.jpg
Behold! We have Gold, Silver, Wheat and Wine.29 viewsThrace, Pautalia, Caracalla 198-217 Ć29mm (or Pentassarion).
Obv: AΥT K M AΥΡH – ANTΩNINOC, Laureate head of Caracalla right,
Rev: OΥΛΠIAC ΠAΥTAΛIAC, The River-god Strymon reclining left on urn from
which water flows, resting right hand on a rocky outcrop and holding a grape
vine with several grape bunches.
Four youths (or less correctly 'erotes') around; APΓY/POC (Argyros = silver)
emerging to the left, out of the cave in the mountain, with a small basket over
his shoulder; BOTPY (Botry = grapes) standing right on top of the mountain,
supporting one of the grape bunches; to right of waterfall, XPY/COC (Chrysos
= gold) seated left; in exergue, CTAXY (Stachy = grain ear) standing left and
holding sickle, harvesting ears of grain, probably wheat.
16.6g, Ruzicka 634; Mouchmov 4286; Varbanov 5174.

ex: Numismatik Lanz 163/374, where it had an estimate of €1,500- Euros.

Also: Schow (1789) p.6; Sestini (1796) 37, p.67; Mionnet (1822) 1108, p.388;
Eckhel (1839) Part 1, Vol.II, p.38; Von Sallet (1888) p.202-3; Imhoof-Blumer
(1908) 459, p.163-4, pl.X, 28.

"In the field of numismatics, there is no other coin upon which a city proclaims
the products of its territory so exquisitely". - Joseph H. Eckhel.

Also, see this recent article:
Behold! We have Gold, Silver, Wheat and Wine. by Walter C. Holt, M.A.
Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine "2017 Yearbook", Volume 20.11,
December 2017/January 2018, pp.72-75 (illustrated).
1 commentsOldMoney
Bithynia_AR_Siglos_sm.jpg
Bithynia, Kalchedon44 viewsBithynia, Kalchedon.
Ca. 340-320 B.C.
AR siglos (17 mm, 5.33 g).
KAΛX, bull standing left, grain ear below / Incuse square of mill-sail pattern.
SNG BM 112; SNG Copenhagen 348; SNG von Aulock 482. Toned, light porosity. Very fine.
Ex. Triskeles Auctions, Sept 2013
1 commentsSosius
Bithynia_Kalkedon_SNGCop348.jpg
Bithynia, Kalchedon (Chalcedon)23 viewsBithynia, Kalchedon (Chalcedon), 340-320 BC. AR Siglos (5.39 gm) Persic standard. Bull standing left on ear of grain, ΚΑΛΧ above. / Stippled quadripartite "mill-sail" incuse. VF.
Ponterio 136 #1763; HGC 7 #517; SNG Black Sea 112ff; SNG Cop 348; Waddington pg 291, 8.
1 commentsChristian T
Kalchedon1.jpg
Bithynia, Kalchedon, drachm54 views15mm, 3.73g
obv: KAΛX; bull standing left, ear of grain below, caduceus to left
rev: granulated mill-sail incuse
2 commentsareich
kios_SNGcop382.jpg
Bithynia, Kios, civic issue, SNG Copenhagen 38253 viewsAE 13, 1.57g
struck 325-300 BC
obv. (anepigraphic)
Head of Mithras, wearing 'tiara orthe', r.
rev. K - I
Kantharos with two vine-grape hanging down on each side, all in wreath of
grain-ears
SNG Copenhagen 382
very rare, about VF, deep black-green patina

For more information please look at the thread 'Mythological interesting coins'!
Jochen
nicaea2.jpg
Bithynia, Nicaea. Septimius Severus AE1722 viewsObv: CEOYHPOC AVGOYCT, laureate head right.
Rev: NIKAIEWN, Amphora containing two grain ears.
17mm., 2.9g.
ancientone
nikaia_elagabal_RecGen420.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, Elagabal, Rec. Gen. 42013 viewsElagabal, AD 218-222
AE 22, 5.2g
obv. M.AVR.ANTWNEINOC.AVG
Laureate head r.
rev. NIKAI - EWN
Torch of Demeter with grain-easrs and poppy, entwined by snake, head upwards
ref. Rec. Gen. 420 (?)
F+, stripped

This type is not known for Elagabal. But the coin for Caracalla in Rec. Gen. has the same rev. and the same obv. legend. caracalla in error?
Jochen
01016AB.jpg
BOEOTIA, Federal Coinage, Circa 250 BC49 viewsAR Drachm, 18mm, 4.96 g

O. Head of Demeter or Kore (Persephone) facing slightly right, wearing wreath of grain ears
R. Poseidon, naked, standing right, resting on trident and holding dolphin; ΒΟΙΩΤΩΝ to left; ΔI above Boiotian shield to right

BCD Boiotia 93
2 commentsAZRobbo
boeotia_persep_posoid_bres.jpg
BOEOTIA, THEBES23 viewsca. 221 - 197 B.C.
AE 18 X 19 mm; 2.86 g
O: Head of Persephone facing slightly right, wreathed with grain;
R: BOIΩT[ΩN], naked Poseidon standing left, foot on rock, holds trident as a staff
Thebes mint
laney
Boeotia_Thebes_BCD-Boiotia93.jpg
Boeotia, Thebes.26 viewsBoeotia, Thebes. Third Boeothian League 221-197 BC. AR Drachm or 1/2 Stater (4.98 gm) on reduced Aiginetic standard. Head of Persephone slightly r., wreathed with grain. / Poseidon stdg facing, looking right, holding dolphin & trident. ΒΟΙΩΤΩΝ to l, ΔΙ to r. & Boeotian shield below. VF. BMC Central p 42 #90; BCD Boiotia 93; HGC 4 #1174; SNG Cop 83 var (I not ̶Ι); SNG Lockett 1773.1 commentsChristian T
Boiotia_Orchomenos_8mm_0_62g.jpg
Boiotia, Orchomenos, obol39 views8mm, 0.62g
obv: wheat grain
rev: large square incuse quartered perpendicularly, with additional diagonal line

(BCD Boiotia 186)
areich
Brutti.jpg
Brettian league - AE drachm11 viewsBruttium
c. 216-203 BC
laureate head of Zeus right, stalk of grain behind
eagle standing left on lightning, cornucopia right, star above
BPET_TIΩN
SNG ANS 44; SNG Cop 1663; Pfeiler p. 22, 1; HN Italy 1942
ex Dionysos
Johny SYSEL
Vibo.jpg
Bruttium Vibo Valentia Semis77 views Bronze semis

head of Juno (Hera) right, wearing stephane, S (mark of value) behind

VALENTIA
Double cornucopia overflowing with grain and grapes, carnyx (control symbol) and S (mark of value) on right


Vibo Valentia mint, 193 - 150 B.C.

3.57g, 18.1 mm 270o

Mensitieri Valentia 211; HN Italy 2263; SNG ANS 483, SNG Cop 1849; BMC Italy p. 361, 16 (control described as staff ending in boar's head)

Ex-Forum from the Andrew McCabe Collection
6 commentsJay GT4
Bruttium,_Brettii,_Under_Hannibal_(215-205_BC),_AR-quarter_shekel,_Tanit-Demeter_l_,_Horse_r_,_SNG_Cop_369,_HN_Italy_2020,__Q-001,_0h,_13,5mm,_1,67g-s.jpg
Bruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,231 viewsBruttium, Brettii, Under Hannibal, (215-205 B.C.), AR-Quarter Shekel, SNG Cop 369, -/-//--, Free horse standing right,
avers: Head of Tanit-Demeter left, wreathed with grain, in pendant earring and necklace.
reverse: Free horse standing right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 1,67g, axes: 0h,
mint: Bruttium, Brettii, date: 215-205 B.C., ref: SNG Cop 369, Robinson, NC 1964, p. 53, 3., HN Italy 2020.,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
bretti_half_k.jpg
Bruttium, The Bretti18 viewsAE Half Unit (Hemiobol), 18mm, 4.1g, 7h; 215-205 BC
Obv.: NIKA; Nymph Terina in the guise of Nike wearing stephanos left, grain ear behind.
Rev.: BPETTIΩN, Zeus standing right, holding scepter and hurling thunderbolt, cornucopia in right field.
Reference: SNG ANS 60-66
1 commentsJohn Anthony
bretti_eagle_k.jpg
Bruttium, The Bretti15 viewsAE Unit (Obol), 21mm, 7g, 8h; c. 211-208 BC
Obv.: Laureate bust of Zeus right, grain ear behind; graffito NIKA in upper right.
Rev.: BΡET-TIΩN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopia in left field.
Reference: cf. Scheu 13ff, SNG ANS 44ff (various controls over the eagle)
1 commentsJohn Anthony
greek43.jpg
Bruttium, The Brettii AE Reduced Uncia29 views(214-211 BC)
Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus, grain ear behind.
Rev.: Eagle standing on thunderbolt, cornucopiae left, crescent above.
SNG ANS 44.
1 commentsMinos
HN_Italy-1975.jpg
Bruttium, the Brettii: Anonymous (ca. 214-211 BCE) Ć Double – Didrachm (Scheu, Bronze 1; HN Italy 1975)38 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Ares left; two pellets to right, grain ear below
Rev: Nike standing left, erecting trophy; cornucopia between


2 commentsQuant.Geek
Erythrai_senate_demeter.jpg
Bust of Senate r./ Demeter standing left; AE 1813 viewsIonia Erythrae; Imperial times; Ć18.3mm, 3.76g; Obverse: Bust of the Senate right. Reverse: Demeter standing left, holding ears of grain over altar. BMC 229. Podiceps
C_Norbanus_2.jpg
C NORBANUS ROMAN REPUBLIC; GENS NORBANA AR Denarius19 viewsOBVERSE: C• NORBANVS, head of Venus right, wearing stephane, earring, and necklace; XVIIII behind
REVERSE: Prow-stem, fasces, caduceus and grain ear.
Rome 83 BC
3.8g, 18mm
Crawford 357/1a. Sydenham 740. Norbana 1
Legatus
749_467_Caesar.JPG
C. Julius Caesar - AR denarius5 viewsmoving mint (Africa or Sicily)
I - IV 46 BC
head of Ceres right, grain wreath
DICT·ITER__COS·TERT
sacrificial implements: simpulum, aspergillum, capis (jug), lituus
AVGVR / PONT·MAX
M
SRCV I 1403, Crawford 467/1, RSC I 4
3,7g
ex Aurea

Ceres symbolizes Africa as granary of Rome. M on reverse means munus - payment for soldier's service. These coins probably served to pay Caesar's veterans after battle of Thapsus.
Johny SYSEL
776_C__Minucius_Augurinus.jpg
C. Minucius C.f. Augurinus - AR denarius6 viewsRome
˛134 BC
ą135 BC
helmeted head of Roma right
ROMA
X
Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right,
holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus.
C·A_VG
ąCrawford 242/1, SRCV I 119, Sydenham 463, RSC I Minucia 3,
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,7g
ex Aurea Numismatika

Reverse depicts a commemorative bronze column - Columna Minucia which was erected in front of the gate, Porta Trigemina, in memory of L. Minucius Augurinus who as Praefectus Annonae supplied Rome with grain during famine in 439 BC. On the right there is Marcus Minucius Faestus who was elected Augur as the first plebeian in 300 BC.
Johny SYSEL
norbanus.jpg
C. NORBANUS15 viewsAR denarius. 83 BC. 3.77 gm. Diademed head of Venus right; CXXXXV behind, C. NORBANVS below / Grain-ear, fasces, and caduceus. Crawford 357/1b. RSC Norbana 2. benito
00norbanus.jpg
C. NORBANUS 21 viewsAR denarius. 83 BC. 3.77 gm. Diademed head of Venus right; CXXXXV behind, C. NORBANVS below / Grain-ear, fasces, and caduceus. Crawford 357/1b. RSC Norbana 2.
benito
C_Norbanus~0.jpg
C. Norbanus - AR denarius9 views˛Sicily or Bruttium
ąRome
˛84 BC
ą83 BC
diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace
CLIII
C·NORBANVS
grain ear, fasces and caduceus
ąCrawford 357/1b, RSC I Norbana 2, Sydenham 739, BMCRR I Rome 2810, SRCV I 278
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,9g
ex Aurea

Moneyer's family came from Volscian town Norba.
Reverse commemorates activity of elder C. Norbanus, moneyer's father, during the Social War, when he raised troops, organized a fleet, and provisioned the town of Rhegium. He, as a consul, led popular forces and was defeated by Sulla in 83 BC.
Johny SYSEL
C__Norbanus.png
C. Norbanus - Norbana-220 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC C. Norbanus. AR Denarius (18.6mm, 3.86 grams), Struck Circa. 83 BC Obverse: Diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace, CLXXV behind, C • NORBANVS below. Reverse: Grain ear to left, fasces in center, and caduceus to right. Crawford 357/1b; Sydenham 739; SECV 278; Norbana-21 commentsBud Stewart
00memmius.jpg
C.MEMMIUS C.f. 42 viewsAR denarius. 56 BC. 3.90 gm. Head of Ceres right wearing grain wreath and earring . C.MEMMI C.F before. / Captive kneeling right before trophy of eastern arms.IMPERATOR
behind. C.MEMMIVS before. Craw 427/1. RSC Memmia 10.
benito
phistelia_BMC4-6.jpg
Campania, Phistelia, BMC 4/620 viewsCampania, Phistelia, 325-275 BC
AR - Obol, 0.51g, 11.22mm, 270°
obv. Head oy young male slightly r.
rev. Barley-grain, above Dolphin r., below mussel
below legend in Oscan FISTVLIS (read from inward from r. to l.)
ref. BMC I, p.12, 4/6; Sambon p.332, 831; Sear 336; Camapana, agg. Fistelia 4a; HN Italy 613
scarce, about EF, toned

Phistelia was one of the Samnite cities destroyed by Sulla and is today only known by its coins. Because of the dolphins and mussels depicted on its coins it is suggested that it was situated near the sea.
1 commentsJochen
Cappadocia,_Caesarea,_073p_Tranquilina,_Syd-618,_AE_21,_CAB_T_#929;ANKY_#923;_#923;INA_AY_#915;,_MHTR_KAI_B_NE_ET-Z,_SGI_3864,_244_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21mm,_6,28g-s~0.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea, 073 Tranquilina (241-244 A.D., Augusta), Syd. 618, AE-21, MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears, #146 viewsCappadocia, Caesarea, 073 Tranquilina (241-244 A.D., Augusta), Syd. 618, AE-21, MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears, #1
Wife of Emperor Gordian III.
avers: CAB TΡANKYΛΛINA AYΓ, Diademed and draped bust right.
reverse: MHTR KAI B NЄ, Six-grain ears bound together, ЄT-Z across the field.
exergue: ЄT/Z//--, diameter: 21,0mm, weight: 6,28g, axis:0h,
mint: Cappadocia, Caesarea, date: Year=7, 244 A.D., ref: Syd-618,
Q-001
quadrans
57210p00.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea, Gordian III30 viewsBronze AE 23, 6.091g, 22.3mm, 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M ANT GORDIANOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MHTP KAI B NE, six stalks of grain bound together, ET - Z (year 7) across lower field.

BMC Cappadocia p. 93, 346 ff., SGICV 3778
SkySoldier
SevAlexCappadocia.jpg
Cappadocia, Caesarea. Severus Alexander AE20.89 viewsObverse: AYK CEOV ALEΞAND, laureate bust right.
Reverse: MHT P K AIC, three stalks of grain tied together, ET - H.
ancientone
tyana_ant_pius_SNGaulock6540.jpg
Cappadocia, Tyana, Antoninus Pius, SNG von Aulock 654016 viewsAntoninus Pius, AD 138-161
AE 23, 9.22g, 22.58mm, 0°
struck AD 155/56 (RY 19)
obv. A - NTWNEIN - OC CEBACT - OC
laureate head r.
rev, TYANEWN T - PT IER ACV AVTO
in l. field one below the other ET / QI (RY 19)
Tyche of Tyana in long garment and wearing mural crown enthroned l. on throne
decorated with gryphon, resting with l. hand on seat and holding in extended r. hand
grain ears and bunch of grapes; below river god Euphrates(?) swimming l.
ref. SNG von Aulock 6540; SNG Copenhagen 317
rare, about VF

TPT = TWN PROC TAVRW
Jochen
tyana_trajan_BMC3.jpg
Cappadocia, Tyana, Trajan, BMC 336 viewsTrajan, AD 98-117
AE 26, 13.86g
struck under legate T. Pomponius Bassus AD 98/99 (year 1)
obv. AVT NEROVAC TRAIAN KAICAR GER (from 1 o'clock)
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
rev. EPI BA - CCOV PRECBEVT - TVANEWN (from 4 o'clock)
Tyche of Tyana, in long garment and wearing mural-crown, std. l. on cippus,
holding two grain-ears in outstretched r. hand and resting with l. hand on
cippus; beneath river-god Lamus swimming r.
in l. and r. field ET - A (year A)
BMC 3
rare, F/good F

Tyana was situated on a tributary of the river Lamus. Because the river-god sometimes holds a torch it seems to be the river Phoibos (Note of Prof.Nolle in R. Falter, Fluß- und Berggötter in der Antike)
Jochen
antiochos_VII_tetra.jpg
Cappadocian Kingdom/ In the name of Antiochos VII; tetradrachm; Nike20 viewsCappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C.; In the Name of the Seleukid King, Antiochos VII, 138 - 129 B.C. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton II 651 ff. (different dies), SNG Spaer -, Newell SMA -, VF, grainy, 15.919g, 29.4mm, 0o, posthumous, c. 130 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head of the Seleukid King Antiochos VII right, fillet border; reverse “BASILEWS ANTIOCOU EUERGETOU”, Athena standing left, Nike in right, spear and shield in left, ligate “DI” / A left, ligate “OD” inner left, K inner right, Nike crowns epithet, laurel wreath border. Oliver Hoover, in Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, attributes this type to the Cappadocian Kingdom, c. 130 - 80 B.C. The symbols were used on Cappadocian royal coinage, the coins are found in Cappadocian hoards and a tetradrachm naming the Cappadocian King Ariarathes VII Philometor (116 - 99 B.C.) bears the obverse portrait of Antiochus VII. He notes they may have been struck to pay foreign (Syrian?) mercenaries who preferred the types of Antiochus VII. Ex FORVMPodiceps
Caesarea_Syd_616_238-244_Gordianus_III__01.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_Caesarea Syd 616_015 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 21-22 mm / 6,74 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 616
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_616_238-244_Gordianus_III__02.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Gordianus_III_Caesarea Syd 616_027 viewsGordianus III.
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 22 mm / 7,33 g

Av: AY KAI M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC
Laureate, cuirassed and draped bust right seen from behind

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 616
Andicz
Caesarea_Syd_618_241-244_Tranquillina.jpg
Cappadocia_Caesarea_Tranquillina_Caesarea Syd 6185 viewsTranquillina
AE, Cappadocia, Caesarea
Struck: 244 (Year 7) / 22 mm / 7,15 g

Av: TPANKVΔΔINA AVΓ
Diademed and draped bust right seen from the front

Rv: MHTP KAI BNЄ
Bundle of six grain ears

In fields: ЄΤ/Z

Reference: Caesarea Syd 618
Andicz
Caracalla_Cyprus_tetra.jpg
Caracalla - Cyprus5 viewsAR tetradrachm
215-217 AD
laureate head right
AVT KAI AN_TWNEINOC CE
eagle facing, head left, wreath in beak, grain ear below
ΔHMAPX EΞ YΠATOC TO Δ
Prieur 1578
10,9g
ex Dionysos
Johny SYSEL
12741LG.jpg
Caracalla Alliance coin100 viewsCaracalla --AE34, Sardes in Alliance with Ephesos. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Kore of Sardes with grain ears and poppy, Artemis of Ephesos wth stags. BMC Lydia pg. 276, 215-216; Frank-Nolle 1848-1851 var. This obverse die (die A) is not recorded by Franke-Nolle as being paired with this reverse type, and this reverse die is not recorded.3 commentsfeatherz
Caracalla_AR_Denarius_“Annona”.jpg
Caracalla Denarius "Annona"20 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT,
laureate head right.
REV: P M TR P XV COS III P P,
Annona seated left, holding stalks
of grain and cornucopia, modius at feet.

RIC IV 195, RS IIIC 205, BMCRE V 44
A.D. 212
3.4gm 19mm
1 commentsgoldenancients
caracalla.jpg
Caracalla RIC 24A57 viewsSilver denarius, RIC IV 24A, VF, 3.1400g, 19.6mm, 0o, Laodicea ad Mare mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE M AVR ANT AVG P TR P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES PVBLICA, Fides standing left, stalks of grain in left, basket of fruit in right; rare. Ex. FORVM1 commentsfordicus
CaraNikoDemeter.jpg
Caracalla, AE 2948 viewsAV K M . AVRHLI . ANTWNINOC
Bust laureate, cuirassed, draped, right, seen from behind
VPA AVR GALLOV NI/KOPOLIT . PROC IC .
Demeter standing facing, head veiled left, holding heavy basket torch and grain ears with poppy head.
AMNG -, Varbanov (Eng.) I, -.

1 commentswhitetd49
ccontainerORweb.jpg
Caracalla, Schönert-Geiss, Traianopolis 125 var19 viewsTrajanopolis mint, Caracalla, 198-217 A.D. AE, 17mm 2.71g, BMC 21, Schönert-Geiss, Traianopolis 125 var.
O: AVT K M AVP ANTWNEINOC, laureate bust right
R: TPAIANOPOLEITWN Amphora with two stalks (ähren) of grain
1 commentscasata137ec
022.JPG
Carmo (Seville) Hispania Ulterior Early 1st Century BC Bronze As 15 viewsBronze as, Villaronga 24, SNG BM Spain 1588 ff., Burgos 459, F, 16.2g, 25mm,
Carmo (Seville) mint, male head right; reverse CARMO, legend between two heads of grain ; scarce!!!
Hispania is the Latin term given to the Iberian peninsula. Hispania Ulterior (Further Hispania) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia). Its capital was Corduba.
Antonivs Protti
FAB344.JPG
Carmo as (1)84 viewsObserve: Helmeted head to the right within a wreath.
Reverse: CARMO within central tablet between two grain ears to the rigth.
Weight: 24,6 gr. Size: 33 mm.
FAB. 344
Dated: 150-100 B.C.

Carmo is todays Carmona a town near Seville.
Corduba
carthage.jpg
Carthage 99 viewsCarthage,. AE 19. Sardinia c. 300-264 B.C. (very few other coins were ever struck there). (5.48 grams. 6:30h). Obv: head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain. Rev: horse head and neck right.
Sear Greek 6523. Morcom 913. Ex Warren Esty.

Carthage, Rome’s first enemy off the Italian peninsula, minted coins in Sardinia, which it controlled during the First Punic War, possibly due to the close proximity of the troops.
1 commentsLucas H
Cartago_Sicily.jpg
Carthage - AE 147 viewsSicilian mint
310-290 BC
head of Tanit decorated by grain ears left
horse right, palm behind
Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444
2,37g
Johny SYSEL
carthage_01_t.jpg
Carthage Electrum Stater 161 viewsObv: Head of Tanit to l. with grain ears in hair, triple-pendant earring and necklace. Dot in front.
Rev: Horse standing to r., dot underneath l. hind leg.
Year: 310-290 BC
Weight: 7.45g
Cat #: Jenkins 298
2 commentsoa
Carthage.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War (220-215 BC)27 viewsAE Trishekel

29 mm, 18.21 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left, wearing wreath of grain ears and single-pendant earring

Reverse: Horse standing right; palm tree in background to left.

MAA 84; Müller, Afrique 147; SNG Copenhagen 344.

The Second Punic War formally began when the Carthaginian general Hannibal and his army crossed the Alps in November of 218 BC and descended into Northern Italy. Battles raged on Italian soil for nearly 15 years until Hannibal and what remained of his army sailed for North Africa in the summer or fall of 203 BC. Shown above is a typical example of what would have been a lower-value coin issued by the Carthaginians in the early stages of the war.

Carthage was a Phoenician colony, and as such the Carthaginians were related to the Hebrews and the Canaanites (among others). Culturally they had much in common, including the use of the shekel as the primary unit of money. Likewise, the Carthaginians worshipped a variety of deities from the ancient Middle East. One in particular was the goddess Tanit. A Phoenician (Punic) goddess of war, Tanit was also a virgin mother goddess and a fertility symbol.
2 commentsNathan P
64035p00_copy.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War, c. 216 - 205 B.C.20 views
64035. Silver quarter shekel, Robinson NC 1964, p. 44, group I, 3; SNG Cop 348 -349; Alexandropoulos 78; HN Italy 2015, VF, scratches, 1.733g, 13.6mm, 45o, Carthage mint, c. 216 - 205 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and earring, dot border; reverse horse standing right, dot border; ex Ancient Eagles;
MagisterRiggs
carthage.jpg
Carthage, Second Punic War. Circa 220-205 BC.107 viewsAR 1/4 Shekel (14mm, 1.71 g, 12h)
Obverse- Head of Tanit left, wearing grain-ear wreath, single-pendant earring, and necklace with pendants.
Reverse- Horse standing right; pellet below.
MAA 78; SNG Copenhagen 337.
3 commentsb70
siculo_punic.jpg
CARTHAGE, Siculo-Punic Mint AE16 - Tanit/Horse + Palm71 viewsCarthaginian Mint in Sicily 16mm 3.10g late 4th - early 3rd century BC.

O: Head Tanit l. wearing grain ears.

R: Horse standing r. before Palm.

Refs: Sear - , Mueller 163, SNG Cop 109-113.
3 commentsAdrian S
G_287_Carthage_fac.jpg
Carthage, Tanit, Horse11 viewsCarthage
Trishekel, circa 201-195 BC
Obv: Head of Tanit left, wearing grain wreath.
Rev.: Horse prancing right; pellet between forelegs.
AE, 19.4g, 29mm
Ref.: MAA A.105c; SNG Copenhagen 409-10 var. (pellet).
Ex Gorny&Mosch, 2017, A251, 4583
Ex Numismatik Naumann, auction 66, lot 237
shanxi
128.JPG
Carthage, Zeugitana24 views310-290 B.C.
Bronze AE17
1.96 gm, 17 mm
Obv.: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain ears, triple drop earrings and necklace
Rev.: Horse right, in front of palm tree
Siculo-Punic, Sicilian Mint?
Sear 6444;
[SNG Cop 109, 117]
Jaimelai
65642p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania Tanit Bronze c. 310-290 B.C.12 viewsBronze AE 17, 2.875g, 16.1mm, 315o, Sicilian mint, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
Obv: Head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain, earring, and necklace.
Rev: Horse standing right, date palm tree in background behind horse.
Ref: SNG Cop 109 ff., SGCV II 6444.
Choice VF.
mjabrial
52097p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, 201 - 175 B.C.15 viewsBronze trishekel, SNG Cop 409 ff. (various symbols), Fair, 11.078g, 26.8mm, 0o, Carthage mint, 201 - 175 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain; reverse horse striding right, Punic letter below; scarceMagisterRiggs
thumb_57636p00.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.24 viewsFrom Forum: Bronze AE 15, cf. SNG Cop 144 ff., aF, 5.571g, 18.8mm, 270o, Sardinian mint, obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain, earring and necklace; reverse horse's head right;

Wish Tanit had kept her head on this coin....but LOVE the horse!
1 commentsMagisterRiggs
thumb_58489p00~0.jpg
Carthage, Zeugitania, North Africa, c. 400 - 350 B.C.12 viewsBronze AE 17, cf. Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444, F, 1.606g, 13.9mm, 270o, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace; reverse horse standing right, date palm tree behind;MagisterRiggs
20180528_103242.png
Carthage. Carthage circa 400-350 BC. 9 viewsObv. Head of Tanit to left, wearing wreath of grain ears.
Rev. Horse standing right, palm tree in background, three pellets above pellet in right field.
References: MAA 18l; Jenkins & Lewis 13; SNG Copenhagen 118. SEAR 6508-11.
16.1mm and 2.23grams.
As found condition.
Canaan
10313981_10102484189296593_8051174908714375070_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin15 viewsA bronze Carthaginian coin minted in Carthage between 264-241 BC. 22 mm, 8.57 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse's head right

Attribution: Sear 6526, Mueller 2.102.286, SNG Copenhagen 151
chuy1530
10250110_10102484189401383_1805500442807347379_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin19 viewsA bronze coin minted in Carthage or possibly Punic Sicily between 264-241 BC. 16 mm, 2.06 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse standing right, date palm tree behind

Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 109
chuy1530
10177397_10102484189456273_1023944263046223324_n.jpg
Carthaginian Coin11 viewsA Carthaginian coin minted in Carthage or possibly Punic Sicily around 306 BC. 11 mm, 5.09 g

Obverse: Head of Tanit left wearing earrings and wreathed in ears of grain

Reverse: Horse prancing right

Attribution: SNG Copenhagen 95
chuy1530
41325_Celts,_Gaul,_Leuci,_c__70_-_52_B_C_.jpg
Celts, Gaul, Leuci, c. 70 - 52 B.C. Cast potin; head left/ boar left 7 viewsCelts, Gaul, Leuci, c. 70 - 52 B.C. Cast potin, BMC Celtic III 418 (or similar), F, Boviolles? mint, 4.386g, 17.1mm, 270o, c. 70 - 52 B.C.; obverse crude stylized head left with three locks of hair, wearing wreath; reverse , boar left, fleur-de-lis ornament below. The Leuci were between the Mediomatrici on the north and the Lingones on the south, in the valley of the Upper Mosel. One of their chief towns was Tullum. They are mentioned once in Caesar; the Leuci, Sequani and Lingones were to supply Caesar with grain. Pliny gives them the title of Liberi. Lucan celebrates them in his poem as skilled in throwing the spear: 'Optimus excusso Leucus Rhemusque lacerto.' Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
RI 049b img~0.jpg
Ceres336 viewsFaustina Senior Denarius
Obv:– DIVA FAVSTINA, Draped bust head right, hair in bun
Rev:– AVGVSTA, Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and torch
References:– RIC 360, RSC 78

Ceres, goddess of agriculture, carries grain ears and a torch used when she descended into the underworld in search of he daughter Persephone
maridvnvm
262_Cherronesos.jpg
Cherronesos - AR hemidrachm4 views400-350 BC
forepart of lion right, head turned back
quatripartite incuse square, grain ear in one section,
X· in other
McClean 4103 var (dot over E)
2,21g
ex Jiří Militký
Johny SYSEL
CHERSONESOS_Hemi.jpg
Cherronesos, Thrace, ca. 480-350 B.C. Silver Hemidrachm.84 viewsObverse ; lion forepart right, head turned back left.
Reverse ; Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters; dot under A Gamma monogram , grain ear in opposite sunken quarter.

2.38 gr , 12.5 mm. Choice Extremely Fine, Scarce.

SNG Cop 824-843var (Beizeichen)

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
cherronese.jpg
Cherronessos Hemidrachm66 viewsCherronessos Hemidrachm Lion/Pellet and Grain ear within quadripartite incuse square.

Ex Agora
1 commentsAdrian S
Thracian_Chersonese,_AE10,_lion___grain.JPG
Chersonese AE 10, Lion/Grain of wheat 16 viewsThrace, Chersonese, ca 330 B.C. 10mm, 1.1g. Lion's head left / XEP POM, grain of wheat. Moushmov 5454. Ex areich, photo credit areichPodiceps
augusta_julia_RPC4014.jpg
Cilicia, Augusta, Julia-Livia, RPC 401433 viewsLivia, wife of Augustus, AD 14-29
AE 19, 5.2g
struck AD 67/8 (year 48), in the time of Nero
obv. IOVLIA - SEBASTH
Bust of Livia, draped, r.; hair bound in small bun in the neck
rev. AYGOYSTA - NW - N DP (year 48)
Tyche, in long garment and wearing mural-crown, std. r. on ornated throne,
holding long grain-ears in both hands; at her feet river-god Saros swimming r.
RPC 4014; cf. SNG Paris 1893; cf. SNG Levante 1238; Karbach 25.1
very rare, about VF

Saros, today Seyhan river in Turkey
Jochen
Cilicia_Incertum_Triptolemos_eagle_AR11_0_51g~0.jpg
Cilicia, Incertum, Triptolemos(?) / eagle, obol37 viewsIncertum, Cilicia, ca. 4th Century BC
11mm, 0.51g
obv: youthful head (Triptolemos?) wearing wreath of grain left
rev: eagle with spread wings, standing left on lion
(SNG BN 474, SNG Levante 231)

new picture
1 commentsareich
laertesTrajan2.jpg
Cilicia, Laertes. Trajan Ć21. Demeter seated57 viewsObv: Laureate head right.
Rev: Demeter seated left, holding poppy and grain ears in right hand, scepter in left.
SNG France 589-90; SNG Levante 371.
1 commentsancientone
Mallos.jpg
Cilicia, Mallos, obol18 views10mm, 0.70g
obv: bearded head of Herakles left, wearing lion's skin headdress
rev: MA, swan left, head reverted, on kernel of grain
Klein -
areich
Cilicia_Satraps_Mazaios_SNG-Fr331~1.jpg
Cilicia, Satraps7 viewsTarsos 361-334 BC AR Stater (11.07 gm).  Mazaios Satrap. Baaltars seated l., head facing; holding grapes, grain ear and eagle in right hand, lotus head scepter in l. / Lion bringing down bull to l. EF. Triton III #589. Sear 5650, SNG Levante 105 var.; SNG France 331 Christian T
Cilicia_Satraps_Balkros_Issos_SNG-France420.jpg
Cilicia, Satraps. Balkros8 viewsBalkros. 333-323 BC. AR Stater (10.90 gm) of Issos. Baaltars seated l., grapes and grain ear before, holding lotus head scepter. I (=Issos) beneath seat. B (=Balkros) behind. / Facing bust of Athena, three-quarter facing to left, wearing triple crested Attic helmet. EF.  Triton III #592. SNG France 420 (same dies); Casabonne series 2 (D12/R1); SNG Levante -; Traité, Tf. CXIII, 13. Christian T
Cilicia_Tarsos_Balakros_stater_AR25_10_95g.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos, Balakros, stater121 viewsBalakros (333 - 323 BC)
25mm, 10.95g
obv: draped bust of Athena, wearing Attic helmet, facing
rev: Baaltars enthroned left, holding lotus scepter, ear of grain and bunch of grapes left, B over ivy leaf right, T under throne
(SNG BN 367)
2 commentsareich
ciliciawolf1OR.jpg
Cilicia, Tarsos, SNG Levante 22418 viewsCilicia, Tarsos mint, silver obol, Satrap Mazaios, c. 361 - 334 B.C. AR, 10mm 0.38g, SNG Levante 224
O: Baal seated left, stalk of grain and bunch of grapes in right, long vertical scepter in left
R: Wolf forepart right, crescent above with horns downward, circle border of dots
casata137ec
114004F9-2F8D-4151-BBA9-7267E418C6D3.jpeg
Cilicia, Tarsos. Mazaios25 viewsCilicia, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 B.C. AR stater (24.30 mm, 10.76 g, 7 h). Baaltars seated left, holding eagle, grain ear, grape bunch and scepter / Lion attacking bull to left. SNG France 340; SNG Levante 102. gVF, a few scratches.3 commentsecoli
Super_Mazaios.jpg
CILICIA, Tarsos. Mazaios. Satrap of Cilicia, 361/0-334 BC238 viewsSNG Copenhagen 313, Casabonne series 2, group C, 23.2mm, 10.94 grams, Struck 361 - 334 B.C.
 
Obverse: Baaltars seated left, holding eagle, grain ear, grapes, and scepter, Aramaic letters to right and left
Reverse: Lion attacking Bull to left, Aramaic letters above from right to left MZDI for Satrap Mazdai , Mazaios or Mazaeus ).

Incredible reverse , one of the best ever known if not the best , and incredible Aramaic art.

(Under Study)
A superb beauty from the Sam Mansourati Collection.
2 commentsSam
P3028740.jpg
CILICIA, Tarsus. Time of Hadrian or later. 98-117 AD or later .AE 26mm30 viewsCILICIA, Tarsus. Time of Hadrian or later. 98-117 AD or late
Obv. Zeus seated left, holding Nike and sceptre.
Rev. City-goddess seated on throne, facing right, holding grain ear and poppy; at her feet, river-god Kydnos swimming
Ref. SNG Levante 1005
Lee S
Cilicia_Satraps_Datames_SNGvAulock5948.jpg
Cilician Satraps, Datames8 viewsDatames. 379-374 BC. AR Stater (10.64 gm) of Tarsos. Struck during the Satraps' Revolt, c. 369/8-361/0 BC..  Baaltars seated r., torso facing; holding grapes, grain ear in r. hand, eagle-tipped scepter in l.; thymiterion r.  BLTRZ in Aramaic l. / Sun god Ana facing and pointing towards Datames l, thymiaterion b/w. Aramiac ANA to l., TRKMW (Tarkumuwa = Datames) in center. VF.  CNG 60 #874. Casabonne Type 3; Moysey issue 5; Pozzi 2852; SNG Levante 83 var. (inscr.); SNG France 2, 298 var. (eagle under throne); SNG von Aulock 5948-9; SNG Cop 301-302. Christian T
Cilicia_Satraps_Datames_SNG-Cop300.jpg
Cilician Satraps, Datames9 viewsDatames. 369/8-361/0 BC. AR Stater (10.48 gm) of Tarsos. Baaltars seated r. holding eagle-tipped sceptre, grain ear & grapes; thymiterion r. "BLTRZ" in Aramaic l. All w/in crenellated wall./ Deity Ana facing Datames, pointing, thymiaterion between, "TRDMW" (Tarkumuwa = Datames) in Aramaic. EF.  Ponterio 132 #2193. Pozzi 2852; SNG Levante 83; SNG France 292; SNG Cop 300; SNG v Aulock 5943.  Christian T
Cilicia_Satraps_Mazaios_10_86_SNG-Lev-106var.jpg
Cilician Satraps, Mazaios7 viewsMazaios. 361-334 BC. AR Stater (10.86 gm) of Tarsos. Baaltars seated l., head facing; holding grapes, grain ear and eagle in r. hand, lotus head scepter in l.; M under throne. BLTRZ in Aramaic behind. / Lion bringing down bull to l., ydzm (MZDI=Mazaios) in Aramaic above, monogram below. Choice EF.  Triton III #590. Casabonne series 2, group C; SNG Cop 313; SNG Levante 106 var.; SNG France 2 335 var. cf. SNG Copenhagen 312 See Numiswiki article on Baal (plate coin is same type as this): Christian T
Cilicia_Satraps_Mazaios_SNG-Lev111.jpg
Cilician Satraps, Mazaios9 viewsSatraps, Mazaios. 361-334 BC. AR Stater (10.50 gm) of Tarsos. Baaltars seated l., wearing himation from waist; holding grapes & grain ear in r. hand, lotus head scepter in l.; monogram below throne., BAALTRZ in Aramaic behind. / Lion bringing down stag to l. MZDI (Mazaios) in Aramaic above, Aramaic letter and O below. VF.  Casabonne series 1, grp. B; SNG Levante 111; SNG France 314-317; SNG von Aulock 5954. Christian T
claudio2.jpg
CLAUDIUS24 viewsBI tetradrachm. Alexandria. 42-43 AD. 10.4 grs. Laureate head right, IΓ before. TI KΛAΥΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEΡMANI AVTOK / Messalina standing half-left, leaning on column, holding two grain-ears with left arm and figures of two children in extended right hand. MEΣΣAΛINA KAIS ΣEBAΣ
Milne 84, Koln 75



benito
Claudius_(Di)obol_2.jpg
Claudius8 viewsClaudius
AE Obol of Alexandria.
Year 10 = 49/50 AD.
Laureate head right / AVT-OKPA across field, hand holding grain ears and poppies, date below.
Köln 95. Milne 116
Sosius
Claudius_Diobol_2.jpg
Claudius21 viewsClaudius
AE Obol of Alexandria.
Year 10 = 49/50 AD.
Laureate head right / AVTO-KPA across field, hand holding grain ears and poppies, date below.
Köln 95. Milne 116
Sosius
Claudius_Diobol.jpg
Claudius11 viewsCLAUDIUS
Ć Diobol, Alexandria Mint, 41-54 AD.
Laureate bust right / Caduceus with corn (grain); AVTOKPA
Emmett 78
Ex Nilus Coins
Sosius
claudiusalexandriaOR2web.jpg
Claudius & Messalina Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 3 = AD 42/393 viewsClaudius & Messalina Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria. Year 3 = AD 42/3
O: TI KΛAΩΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP, laureate head of Claudius right, LΓ in lower right field
R: MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column, holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
26mm 12.30g RPC 5113.
2 commentscasata137ec
claudmes.jpg
Claudius (41 - 54 A.D.)30 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
O: TI KLAUDI KAIS SEBA GERMANI AUTOKR,  Laureate head right; L Δ (date) below chin
R:  MESSALI-NA KAIS SEBAS Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on short column, holding two children in outstretched right hand, grain ears with left. RY 4 ( 43/44 A.D.)
12.37g
23mm
Köln 81; Dattari (Savio) 125; K&G 12.35; RPC I 5145; Emmett 74.4.
2 commentsMat
Claudius_(41-54)__Ć_Quadrans_(18mm,_2_71g,_7h)__Rome,_AD_42.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans15 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG - Hand holding scales, PNR in field
PON M TR P IMP PP COS II around S C. - Legend around S C
Mint: Rome ( 1-4 January AD 42))
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.71g / 18mm / 7h
Rarity: R3
References:
RIC I 91
Cohen 73
BMC 181
Provenances:
London Ancient Coins (LAC)
Acquisition/Sale: London Ancient Coins (LAC) Internet LAC Price List 2 #441 $0.00 07/19
Notes: Jul 19, 19 - The Gary R. Wilson Collection

There were eight different issues of quadrans under Claudius:
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (modius)-41AD-Common
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (scales)-41AD -Common
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (modius)-41AD-Rare
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (scales)-41AD-Rare
PON M TR P IMP COS II (modius)-42AD- R3
PON M TR P IMP COS II (scales)-42AD- R3 -This Coin
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (modius)-42AD- Common
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (scales)-42AD- Scarce

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by Claudius himself at a similar event.

The most common theme for the quadrans was the modius, a Roman grain container. This coin was probably redeemable for a modius of grain.

Per CNG: Very rare. Struck 1-4 January AD 42.
2 commentsGary W2
Claudius_I_AE_quadra.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 3 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG - Three-legged modius
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II around S.C - Inscription around S C
Exergue:


Mint: Rome (42AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.10g / 17mm / 180
Rarity: Common
References:
RIC 90
Sear 1865
Acquisition/Sale: numismaticaprados Ebay

The modius was a roman unit for grain corresponding to 8.7 liters (2.3 gallons).

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

There were eight different issues of quadrans under Claudius:
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (modius)-41AD
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (scales)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (modius)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (scales)-41AD
PON M TR P IMP COS II (modius)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP COS II (scales)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (modius)-42AD-This Coin
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (scales)-42AD
Gary W2
Claudius__AD_41-54__Ć_Quadrans,_Modius_2.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 14 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG - Three-legged modius
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT - Legend surrounding large S C
Mint: Rome (41 AD)
Wt./Size/Axis: 3.21g / 17mm / 6h
References:
RIC I 84
BMCRE 179
Cohen 70
von Kaenel Type 63
Acquisition/Sale: holding_history eBay $0.00 06/19
Notes: Jun 16, 19 - The modius was a roman unit for grain corresponding to 8.7 liters (2.3 gallons).

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

There were eight different issues of quadrans under Claudius:
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (modius)-41AD -This Coin
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (scales)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (modius)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (scales)-41AD
PON M TR P IMP COS II (modius)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP COS II (scales)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (modius)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (scales)-42AD

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by Claudius himself at a similar event.

The most common theme for the quadrans was the modius, a Roman grain container. This coin was probably redeemable for a modius of grain.
Gary W2
Claudius_AD_41-54__Rome.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans 7 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG - Three-legged modius
PON M TR P IMP COS II around large S • C. - Legend surrounding large S C
Mint: Rome ( 1-4 January AD 42)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.95g / 17mm / 6h
Rarity: R3
References:
RIC I 88
von Kaenel Type 65
Provenances:
Savoca Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Savoca Coins Internet 21st Blue Auction #1017 $0.00 06/19
Notes: Jun 23, 19 - The modius was a roman unit for grain corresponding to 8.7 liters (2.3 gallons).

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

There were eight different issues of quadrans under Claudius:
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (modius)-41AD
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (scales)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (modius)-41AD
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (scales)-41AD
PON M TR P IMP COS II (modius)-42AD-This Coin
PON M TR P IMP COS II (scales)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (modius)-42AD
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (scales)-42AD

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by Claudius himself at a similar event.

The most common theme for the quadrans was the modius, a Roman grain container. This coin was probably redeemable for a modius of grain.

Per CNG: Very rare. Struck 1-4 January AD 42.
Gary W2
Claudius_AD_41-54__Rome~0.jpg
Claudius (Augustus) Coin: Bronze Quadrans44 viewsTI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG - Three-legged modius
PON M TR P IMP COS II around large S • C. - Legend surrounding large S C
Mint: Rome ( 1-4 January AD 42)
Wt./Size/Axis: 2.95g / 17mm / 6h
Rarity: R3
References:
RIC I 88
von Kaenel Type 65
Provenances:
Savoca Coins
Acquisition/Sale: Savoca Coins Internet 21st Blue Auction #1017 $0.00 06/19
Notes: Jun 23, 19 - The modius was a roman unit for grain corresponding to 8.7 liters (2.3 gallons).

The Gary R. Wilson Collection

There were eight different issues of quadrans under Claudius:
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (modius)-41AD-Common
PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT (scales)-41AD -Common
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (modius)-41AD-Rare
PONT MAX TR POT IMP (scales)-41AD-Rare
PON M TR P IMP COS II (modius)-42AD-This Coin- R3
PON M TR P IMP COS II (scales)-42AD- R3
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (modius)-42AD- Common
PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (scales)-42AD- Scarce

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by Claudius himself at a similar event.

The most common theme for the quadrans was the modius, a Roman grain container. This coin was probably redeemable for a modius of grain.

Per CNG: Very rare. Struck 1-4 January AD 42.
3 commentsGary W2
RIC_Claudius_RIC_I_94.JPG
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Drusus Germanicus) (41-54 A.D.)26 viewsRIC I (Claudius) 94

AE dupondius (27-28 mm). Rome mint, struck ca. 41-50 A.D.

Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head, left.

Rev: CERES AVGVSTA, SC in exergue, Ceres veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, holding two grain ears and a long torch.

Note: Issued in response to bread riots in Rome, as part of an ongoing publicity campaign to reassure Romans of the adequacy and stability of the grain supply from North Africa. Ceres (=Demeter) was the goddess of grain, and was primarily worshipped by plebeians, and in rural areas.

RIC rarity C

From an uncleaned coin lot.
Stkp
ClaudiusTet.jpg
Claudius Alexandrian Tetradrachm108 viewsTI KΛAΥΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEΡMANI AΥTOKΡ
laureate head of Claudius right, in field below chin, date L Γ (Regnal year 3)

MEΣΣAΛINA KAIΣ CEBAC
Messalina as Ceres standing facing, head left, two small figures in right, two stalks of grain in left. In left field a lituus.

Egypt, Alexandria 42/3 AD

12.10g

RPC 5132; Köln 76; Dattari 124; Kampmann & Ganschow 12.23

Ex-Londinium Coins
4 commentsJay GT4
Claudius_and_Messalina_Tetradrachm.JPG
Claudius and Messalina Tetradrachm37 viewsClaudius and Messalina, Alexandria, YEAR 1 (40 - 41 AD), 25.60mm, 10.92g, Milne 60, RPC 5113, Köln 61, Dattari 119, Emmett 74/1
OBV: TI KΛAΩΔI KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP, laureate head of Claudius right,
REV: MEΣΣAΛI-NA KAIΣ ΣEBAΣ, Messalina standing facing, head left, leaning on draped column,
holding figures of two children in extended right hand and cradling two grain ears in left arm.
1 commentsRomanorvm
Claudius_Ceres_RIC_94.JPG
Claudius Ceres RIC 9424 viewsClaudius, Rome, dupondius, 41 - 54 AD, 10.7g, 26.74mm max., Van Meter 14, RIC 94, SEAR 5 1855
OBV: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP,
REV: CERES AVGVSTA S C, Ceres enthroned left, holding two corn ears and long torch

This issue was a publicity issue to assure Roman citizens of an
ample supply of grain from N Africa.

Possible contemporary imitation.
Romanorvm
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CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus)48 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome,268-269 AD. 2nd emission. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC V (i) :18. Cunetio 1964, Normanby 638.
2 commentsbenito
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CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus) 82 viewsAE antoninianus. Rome 268-269 AD. 3,27 grs. Radiate,draped,and cuirassed bust right. IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG. / Annona standing left,right foot on prow,holding grain ears and cornucopiae. ANNONA AVG.
RIC 18. C 21.
2 commentsbenito
Claudius_II_Gothicus_Nilus_and_Euthenia.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus Nilus and Euthenia22 viewsClaudius II Gothicus Billon tetradrachm, 269 - 270 AD, Alexandria Egypt, 21.5mm, 8.237g
OBV: ΑΥΤ Κ ΚΛΑΥ∆ΙΟC CΕΒ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
REV: jugate busts of bearded Nilus, crowned with lotus, cornucopia across shoulder and Euthenia, crowned with grain, wearing chiton, LB (year 2) in right field;
RCV III 11413, BMC Alexandria 2328, Curtis 1717, Milne 4244, Very Fine
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

RARE
Romanorvm
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Claudius II Gothicus, Antoninianus, ANNONA AVG9 viewsAE Antoninianus
Claudius II Gothicus
Augustus: 268 - 270AD
Issued: 268 - 270AD
20.0mm
O: IMP CLAVDIVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust, right.
R: ANNONA AVG; Annona standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding grain and cornucopia.
Exergue: Δ, right field.
Rome Mint
Aorta: 218: B20, O11, R7, T5, M6.
RIC V-1, 19, radiate, cuirassed, Δ.
paydav 271776985665
2/22/15 3/6/17
Nicholas Z
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Claudius II year 2 Tet. Milne 4252144 viewsBillon tetradrachm 10.538g, 20.9mm Aug 269 - Aug 270 A.D
OBV :: AUT K KLAUDIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: Poseidon standing left, right foot on a dolphin, grain ear in right, trident in left, L - B (year 2) across fields;
REF :: Dattari 5407, Milne 4252, Köln 3045, SRCV III 11414, Emmett 3893, SNG Cop
Purchased 04/2010
Ex Forvm Ancient Coins



Johnny
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Claudius, AE Dupondius, RIC 1104 viewsClaudius
Augustus, 41 – 54 A.D.

Coin: AE Dupondius

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare-headed bust facing left.
Reverse: CERES AVGVSTA, Ceres, seated to the left, holding Wheat-ears with her right hand and a Torch, diagonally, with her left. S C in exergue.

Weight: 10.13 g, Diameter: 27.3 x 25.2 x 2.1 mm, Die axis: 210°, Mint: Rome, struck between 50 - 54 A.D. Reference: RIC I 110

This was issued to assure Roman citizens of an ample supply of Grain from Africa.
Masis
Claudius_I_RIC_I_94.jpg
Claudius, AE Dupondius, RIC I 943 viewsClaudius
Augustus, 41 – 54 A.D.

Coin: AE Dupondius

Obverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare-headed bust facing left.
Reverse: CERES AVGVSTA, Ceres, seated to the left, holding Wheat-ears with her right hand and a Torch, diagonally, with her left. S C in exergue.

Weight: 7.42 g, Diameter: 25.6 x 26.4 x 1.5 mm, Die axis: 20°, Mint: Rome, Reference: RIC I 94

This was issued to assure Roman citizens of an ample supply of Grain from Africa.
Masis
41120_Claudius_Bronze_diobol,_RPC_I_5127,_Dattari_143.jpg
Claudius, Diobol, bundle of six stalks of grain, year 28 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Bronze diobol, RPC I 5127, Dattari 143, BMC Alexandria 101, F, Alexandria mint, 4.074g, 20.3mm, 0o, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TIB KLAV KAI CEBAC “Γ”EPMA, laureate head right, star before; reverse AVTOKPA, bundle of six stalks of grain, LB (year 2) right. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
39393_Claudius_diobol,_Dattari_140.jpg
Claudius, Diobol, winged caduceus and stalks of grain, year 1010 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. Bronze diobol, Dattari 140; BMC Alexandria p. 12, 99; Geissen 91; Milne 114, aF, Alexandria mint, 9.491g, 26.2mm, 0o, 49 - 50 A.D.; obverse “ΤΙ ΚΛΑΥ ΚΑΙ” CEBAC “ΓΕΡΜΑ”, laureate head right, LI (year 10) right; reverse “ΑΥΤΟ−ΚΡΑ”, winged caduceus and stalks of grain tied together. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
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Claudius, diobol; grain ears & caduceus11 viewsClaudius, diobol; Laureate head right; date before / AVTO-KPA across field, winged caduceus between grain ears. The date is difficult to see but the bust style does look like year 2 (LB) could be right (as in FORVM description). See also my other Claudius diobols for style. Otherwise, the FORVM description (see below) has limited value as it is for the type with six stalks and no caduceus.

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt. RX38372. Bronze diobol, RPC I 5123, Dattari 142, Emmett 87, Kampmann and Ganschow 12.7, Fine, Alexandria mint, 7.305g, 22.3mm, 0o, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TIB KLAV KAI CEBAC “Γ”EPMA, laureate head right, star before; reverse AVTOKPA, bundle of six stalks of grain, LB (year 2) right. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVM
Podiceps
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Claudius, tetradrachm, with Messalina, Britannicus & Octavia18 viewsClaudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, Messalina, Britannicus & Octavia Reverse. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 88, BMC 75, Milne 110, RPC I I 5164, toned VF, Alexandria mint, 10.976g, 27.5mm, 0o, 45 - 46 A.D.; obverse “ΤΙ ΚΛΑΥΔΙ ΚΑΙΣ ΣΕΒΑ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙ ΑΥΤΟΚΡ”, laureate head right, date LS (year 6) before; reverse “ΜΕΣΣΑΛΙΝΑ ΚΑΙΣ” C“ΕΒΑ”C, Messalina as Ceres standing facing, head left, two small figures in right, two stalks of grain in left. RPC I notes, "Messalina, who is shown as Demeter, holds two small figures. These were traditionally identified as the children of Claudius and Messalina, Britannicus and Octavia, but Dattari (RIN 1900, pp. 383-4) rejected this view, since Britannicus was born in 42 and the coin type is first used in 41; but Vogt (pp. 24-5) returned to the traditional description, arguing that the date of Britannicus' birth was not certain, and that these coins, in fact, show that he was born before August 41." ex FORVMPodiceps
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Cleopatra VII hemiobol27 viewsLaureate head of Zeus

Stat