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DenCassioLongino.jpg
35 viewsDenarius - 63 B.C. - L. Cassius Longinus. Gens Cassia
Obv.: Draped and veiled bust of Vesta left; kylix behind, S before
Rev.: Togate male standing facing, dropping tablet into a cista; LONGIN. III. V behind.
g. 3,85 mm. 18
Crawford 413/1; Sear RCV 364, Syd 935.

Maxentius
CONTINE1-6.jpg
48 viewsConstantinus I - AE3 - 326/328 - Mint of Thessalonica
Ob.: CONSTANTINVS AVG; laureate head right
Rev.: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG; campgate
gs. 3 mm. 18,8
Cohen 454
Maxentius
DenMnCordioRufobis.jpg
26 viewsDenarius - 46 BC.
MN. CORDIVS RVFVS - Gens Cordia
Obv.: Jugate heads of the Dioscuri right; stars above; RVFVS III VIR behind
Rev.: Venus stg. left, holding scales and sceptre; on her shoulder, Cupid. MN CORDIVS right.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 16x17,2
Craw. 463/1a; Sear RCV 440

Maxentius
Hera_1_.jpg
11 viewsAE 3, 16mm/2.95gm, fully silvered, struck c. 318 AD

Obv/ DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C; laur. and dr. bust r., holding in globe and sceptre in l. hand and mappa in r. hand.
Rev/ PROVIDENTIAE CAESS; Campgate, three towers, lamda in r. field.; SMH gamma in exergue.
Ref/ RIC VOL VII, 49
Mayadigger
2.jpg
22 viewsGordian II Tranquillina
AUT K MANT GORDIANOS AUG SAB
TRANKUL LINA
OULPIANON AEXIALEON

Upper coin is Anchialos of Gordian III and Tranquillina. I'll go look it up, if someone else hasn't done so already. P.L.
It is AMNG II, 1, p. 289, no. 676. Obv. Gordian facing Tranquillina, AVT K M ANT GORDIANOS AVG SAB and below TRANKVL / LINA. In her name the NK are ligate. Rev. Tyche to l. with kalathos, rudder, and cornucopiae. OVLPIANÔN | AGXIALEÔN (I used Roman letters for Greek). There Strack cites 17 specimens
+Alexios
Roma_front_ionic_column_back_B_.jpg
51 viewsC. Augurinus, ca 135 B.C., Denarius.
Obverse: Roam right, X beneath chin.
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue flanked by togate and grain ears.
EX: Laurion Numismatics Winter 1992 fixed price list - the first coin I purchased from a fixed price list.
3 commentspaul1888
constantius_ii_campgate_smts1.jpg
39 viewsThe patina on this one is a beautiful dark green and glossy
Constantine II CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LDC left
PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS 2 6 to 8, three seen with a base, two of them with dots in top layer SMTS Delta Thessalonica RIC VII Thessalonica 157 C3 326-328
James b4
Constantine_campgate54657.jpg
36 viewsareich
Constantine_campgate.jpg
18 viewsareich
Constantinus_AE_campgate.JPG
17 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constantinus_Campgate~0.JPG
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
Licinius_I,_AE18,_campgate,_Lamdba_right,_Heraclea,_318-320_AD~0.JPG
11 viewsAntonivs Protti
Philip_Curule_chair.jpg
33 viewsPhilip I. A.D. 244-249. AR antoninianus (21 mm, 4.78 g, 6 h). Rome, A.D. 245. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I right / P M TR P II COS P P, emperor, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short scepter. RIC 2b; RSC 120.
From the Maple Leaf Collection.
1 commentspaul1888
Zy4o5EnCf2EqKSe3w9Ft77mQBN8sG6.jpg
7 viewsC. 328-329 AD

Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, camp gate, SMNΓ in ex.

Toned with a super portrait and good metal.

Ref: RIC 153

3.13g

20mm
paul1888
Screen_Shot_2017-05-09_at_12_17_39_PM.png
2 Augustus37 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-A.D. 14 AR denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 2 B.C.-A.D. 12. From the Joseph Donzanti Collection.
Augustus. 27 B.C.-A.D. 14 AR denarius (18.40 mm, 3.91 g, 11 h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 2 B.C.-A.D. 12. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT C L CAESARES, Caius and lucius caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left. RIC 207; RSC 43; Lyon 82. aEF, area of minor flat strike.

From the Joseph Donzanti Collection. Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/17
2 commentsSosius
rjb_cg1_02_05.jpg
38 Trier64 viewsConstantine I
LRBC I 38
RIC VII 504
mauseus
rjb_cg2_02_05.jpg
38 Trier48 viewsConstantine I
LRBC I 38
RIC VII 504
mauseus
antoniad.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA55 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
RI_064iy_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26532 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FVNDATOR PACIS, Emperor, togate and veiled, standing left holding olive branch
Minted in Rome.
Ref:– RIC 265. RSC 205. BMCRE W330.
maridvnvm
Gordian_III_RSC_216.jpg
1 Gordian III12 viewsAR Antoninianus
Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and transverse sceptre

RIC IV-3 68; Cohen 216; Sear 8637
Sosius
Gordian_III_RIC_37.jpg
1 Gordian III15 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor, standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and wand

RIC IV-3 37: Cohen 210; Sear 5 8637
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_45_56_AM.png
15 Hadrian32 viewsHadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 119.
Hadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius (35.51 mm, 26.94 g, 7 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 119. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIA-NVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate, bare-chested "heroic" bust right, drapery on left shoulder / PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM S - C, Hadrian, togate, standing facing, head left, right hand receiving scepter borne by eagle descending from sky on left and scroll (?) in left hand. RIC 589; BMC 1203. good VF/VF, fantastic sensitive portrait on heroic bust, green patina with spots of red, particularly on reverse. Ex Agora Auctions 5/9/2017
1 commentsSosius
rjb_2010_01_64.jpg
182bis104 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Antoninianus
Obv: "IMPP CAES PII FF FR AVGGG"
Radiate, cuirassed, jugate busts right
Rev: "VIRTVS AVGGG"
Three emperors standing left holding batons and globes
London mint
-/-//MLXXI
RIC -; Bourne (2009) - (cf 24 obverse & 6 reverse)
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_188cf_05_05.jpg
18859 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "[PM T]RP II COS PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188?
This is the only known coin with "TRP II COS", all other extant specimens except the coin below are "TRP IIII COS". A discussion of this coin in relation to the other dated coins of Carausius can be found here.
mauseus
rjb_2012_06_07.jpg
18825 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP [II? CO]S PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188
mauseus
Commodus_Den_RIC_212.jpg
20 Commodus13 viewsCommodus
AR Denarius. 190 AD
M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right / P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI, Commodus, togate, seated on a curule chair, holding branch & transverse sceptre.
RSC 555bis, RIC 212, Sear5 #5683
RI0082
Sosius
rjb_car_fratrescf198.jpg
202cf194 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "CARAVSIVS ET FRATRES SVI"
Jugate busts of Diocletian, Maximianus and Carausius left, Carausius holding spear over shoulder
Rev "COMES AVGGG"
Victory walking left holding wreath and branch
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC - (cf 202-3)
An interesting variant of the bust type with the spear, compare with the jugate Carausius in the “Best of Type” gallery.
2 commentsmauseus
Macrinus_Moushmov_1292.jpg
27 Macrinus AE27 N&I20 viewsMACRINUS
AE27 of Nikopolis ad Istrum, legate Statius Longinus.

AVT K M OPEL CEV - MAKPEINOC AV, laureate bust right / YP CTA LONGINOY NIKOPOLITWN PR-OC I, Hermes, naked except drapery over left shoulder, standing left, holding caduceus and purse.

Pick 1748, Moushmov 1292
Sosius
Elagabalus_Moushmov_644.jpg
29 Elagabalus25 viewsELAGABALUS
AE 30 Pentassarion. Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior.
Legate: Julius Antonius Seleucus,

AVT K M AVRHLIOC ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. / VP IOVL ANT CELEUKOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Nemesis-Aequitas st. l., holding scales and parazonium, wheel at foot.

Moushmov 644; Varbanov 1578
Sosius
rjb_2010_01_06~0.jpg
293cf21 viewsCrispus, Caesar 317-326 AD
AE Follis
Obv: CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev: VIRTVS CAESS
Camp gate with open doors
TA crescent RL
Arelate Mint
LRBC I - (cf293-4)
RIC (VII) Arles -
mauseus
001590_l.jpg
32 Gordian I Africanus34 viewsGORDIAN I AFRICANUS
AE Sestertius, Rome Mint
27-29 mm, 17.75 g
March 19 to April 9, 238 A.D.
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / VICTORIA AVGG, S-C, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
RIC IV, 2, p. 161, 12. Very rare. Good portrait and fully readable name. Very fine.
Ex-Auctiones

Gordian I, an 80-year-old senator, was proclaimed as emperor during a revolt in Africa but commited suicide after his son and co-ruler Gordianus II was defeated by Maximinus' legate. Their rule only lasted for 20 days, hence the rarity of their coins.
Sosius
rjb_car_04_08.jpg
341cf92 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate bust in imperial mantle left jugate with Sol
Rev “PAX AVGVSTI”
Pax walking left holding branch and sceptre
Camulodunum mint
-/-//CXXI
RIC - (cf 341)
1 commentsmauseus
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC91 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
conicmg.jpg
Constantine I, RIC 24 Cyzicus21 viewsConstantine I Follis
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, camp-gate sith one door, six rows of blocks and two turrits on top. One star above.
SMKB in ex. Cyzicus mint. 20.2 mm., 2.52 g.
NORMAN K
conscamp~0.jpg
Constantine II, AE3, Thessalonica, RIC VII, 157, 326-328 CE27 views

Constantine II, AE3, 326-328, Thessalonica, Officina 4
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left
Reverse: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS, Campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, top and bottom rows empty blocks
SMTSD in exergue
19.5mm, 2.7g
RIC VII, 157 nearly full silvering
NORMAN K
101.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Æ Pougeoise, (c.1173-1187)158 views County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Æ Pougeoise, (c.1173-1187), Tripoli mint +CIVITAS, towered gateway, rev., +TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommettée, circle in centre, crescent in each quarter, (CCS 13)Vladislavs D
32264q00~0.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise48 views County of Tripoli, Raymond III, 1152 - 1187 Bronze pougeoise
O : + CIVITAS fortified gateway, five rows of masonry, five crenellations, large divided door
R : + TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommetée, circle in center, crescent and pellet in each quarter
CCS 13
Ex FORUM ; Ex Malloy
Vladislavs D
mon4s.jpg
Elagabalus, Varbanov 1394 AE17, 218-222 CE.25 views
056p Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Bronze AE
Varbanov 1384, VF, Markianopolis mint, 2.1g, 16.5 mm,
Obverse: AΥT K M AΥΡ ANTΩNINOC,( ΩN ligate) laureate head right; reverse Reverse:MAΡKIANOΠOΛITΩN, (AP and ΩN ligate) four stars in creasent moon.
NORMAN K
coins54.JPG
Laodicea ad Mare; Antonius Pius21 viewsAntoninus Pius Æ 25mm of Laodicea ad Mare. Dated year 188=140-141 AD. AVTO KAI TI AILI ADPI ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate & draped bust left / IOVLIEWN TWN KAI LAODIKEWN, bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls; KO to left, HP P to right (date).ecoli
FC2.jpg
LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right.20 viewsJoe Geranio Collection- LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Æ (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. RPC I 3022. Anyone May Use as Long as Credit is Given.Joe Geranio
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
Lanz21.JPG
40 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (19mm, 4.90 g)
Togate figure standing left, sacrificing at altar before tholos containing cult statue
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Hirsch 279, lot 4922

The engraver of this die betrays no small skill in his execution of the obverse type; the circular shrine is shown in perspective, with the columns arranged so as to suggest distance while still leaving room for the statue to be visible. I was surprised to find that another specimen of this type from different, though equally elegant dies had recently sold in a Hirsch auction, there misidentified as a “bleiplombe,” or lead seal.
1 commentsArdatirion
constantin1-provavgg-plc.JPG
RIC.225 Constantine I (AE3, Providentiae Avgg)16 viewsConstantine I, caesar (306-307), emperor (307-337)
AE3: Providentiae Avgg (324-325, Lyon mint)

bronze, 20mm diameter, 3.13 g, die axis: 12h

A/ CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; pearl-diademed head right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG / PLC in exergue; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above

Ferrando II 479 (C2)
Droger
hugues-france-denier-orelans~0.JPG
Hugh Magnus: denier (Orléans)13 viewsHugh Magnus (Hugues de France in french) (1007-1025)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 12h
O/ +D-I DEXTRA BE; city gate with an H on the left, a V below, a G on the right and a O on the top
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée

Hugh was the elder son of Robert II (the Pious), second capetian king of the Franks (996-1031). Hugues was crowned as an associate king in 1017. However, he died before his father and consequently he never ruled. No other son of a king of France had been called Hugh.

The obverse legend is a Christian one: dei dextra benedictus (blessed on God's right). As usual for Orléans mint, the I after the L in Avrelianis is in the angle.
Droger
constantin1-provavgg-arls.JPG
RIC.309 Constantine I (AE3, Providentiae Avgg)20 viewsConstantine I, caesar (306-307), emperor (307-337)
AE3: Providentiae Avgg (327-328, Arles mint)

bronze, 18mm diameter, 2.66 g, die axis: 7h

A/ CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; pearl-diademed head right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG / ARLS in exergue/S|F in field; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above

Ferrando II 479 (C2)
Droger
constantin2-prov-ROT.JPG
RIC.289 Constantine II (AE3, Providentiae Caess)19 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (326, Rome mint)

bronze, 18mm diameter, 2.80 g, die axis: 6h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS / R(wreath)T in exergue; open camp gate, two turrets, no door and a star above
Droger
constantin2-virtvs-arles-tconst-sf.JPG
RIC.322 Constantine II (AE3, Virtvs Caess)11 viewsConstantine II, caesar (317-337), western emperor (337-340)
AE3 : Providentiae Caess (328-329, Arles mint, 3rd officine)

bronze, 19mm diameter, 3.14 g, die axis: 12h

A/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS - CAESS / TCONST in exergue, S | F in the field; gateway wide wide open doors, four turrets and a star above
Droger
charles2-denier-melle3.JPG
D.621 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1a, Melle)25 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1a, 840-864)

Silver, 1.70 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 9h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ META / • / LLVM

Class 1 of Charles the Bald's coinage is made of totally different types of coins, which may reflect the state of the kingdom after 3 years of civil war and the division of the Empire.

Class 1a: mint in the field, with a linear legend
Class 1b: bust
Class 1c: city gate
Class 1d: KRLS monogram
Class 1e: temple

Coupland suggests that this particular scarce type (with META/LLVM on the reverse) had been minted from June 848, just after Charles the Bald finally defeated his nephew Pippin II for Aquitaine's control. The aim of minting a special type like this was to show a clear difference with the previsous coinage of Pippin II. A little later, Charles the Blad went on with the typical coinage of Melle (monogram ; circular mint name).
1 commentsDroger
charles2-denier_orleans-porte.JPG
D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
Droger
charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)37 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
Droger
philippe1-denier-orleans.JPG
Dy.050 Philip I: denier (Orléans)17 viewsPhilip I, king of the Franks (1060-1108)
Denier (Orléans, 1st type)

Billon, 1.28 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 10h
O: +PHILIPVS X REX D-I; city gate, NI and IC besides, ΛT inside and et I above
R: +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ; croix pattée with 2 S
Droger
louis6-denier-orleans.JPG
Dy.120 Louis VI (the Fat): denier (Orléans)28 viewsLouis VI the Fat, king of the Franks (1108-1137)
Denier (Orléans)

Billon, 0.83 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 4h
O/ +LVDOVICVS REX I; city gate with an O on the top, an Ω on the left, and 3 dashes on the right (maybe a Ξ). 4 pellets are in the gate.
R/ +AVRELIANIS CIVITAS; cross pattée with an O and an A.
Droger
magnus-maximus-spes-romanorvm.JPG
RIC.29a Magnus Maximus (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)24 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Nummus AE4 : Spes Romanorvm (383-388, Arles mint)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 5 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / PCON; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets

RIC.29a
NBD.55515
Ferrando II 1677 (C2)
Droger
edilred2-denier-crux.JPG
S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
1 commentsDroger
fl-victor-spes-romanorvm-smaqs.JPG
RIC.55b2 Flavius Victor (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)4 viewsFlavius Victor, usurpor, Cesar (384-387), western roman emperor (387-388)
Nummus AE4: Spes Romanorvm (387-388, Aquilea mint, 2ond officine)

Bronze, 12-13 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N FL VIC-TOR P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / AQPS in exergue; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets
Droger
aethelred2-long-cross.JPG
S.1151 Aethelred II (long cross penny, Winchester)8 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Long cross penny (moneyer: Godwine, mint: Canterbury, 997-1003)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLO (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing draped bust left
R/ +GODE-PINE-MΩO-CΛENT (NE and ΛE ligated) ; long voided cross with terminal lunettes

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
Droger
zeus_ram_beth.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH56 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 21 mm 7.36 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
1 commentslaney
antioch_ram_star_2_res.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH34 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 19.5 mm 6.58 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
laney
antonia.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA55 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
antoniadx.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA7 viewsANTONIA
(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
A_PIUS_RES_03_08.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS29 views138 - 161 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 32 mm 24.44 g
O: LAUR HEAD R
R: HONOS, TOGATE, STANDING L HOLDING BRANCH AND CORUNCOPIA
laney
fourree.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS31 views138 - 161 AD
SILVER-PLATED DENARIUS (FOUREE) 2.70 g 17 mm
O: COS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P III
BARE HEAD RIGHT
(P P = 139 AD, COS III = 140 AD)
R: HO-N-OS
HONOS, TOGATE, STANDING L HOLDING BRANCH AND CORNUCIPIAE
Reverse cf. BMC 41, 264; RIC 79, 422; Cohen 235, 236.
Minted under Antoninus Pius for Marcus Aurelius as Caesar in Rome, 140 - 144 AD
(mismatching dies in silverplated denarii is not uncommon)
laney
a_pius_laodic_ad_mare_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS22 views138 - 161 AD
AE 23 mm; 8.11 g
O:Laureate head right
R: Bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls
Syria, Laodicea ad Mare
laney
a_pius_tyche_laodic.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS14 views138-161 AD
Struck 140 – 141 AD
AE 24.5 mm, 9.54 g
O: Laureate and draped bust left.
R:Bust of Tyche as city goddess left, wearing headdress of gateway, turret, lighthouse and walls; KO to left, HP P to right (date).
SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria, Laodikea ad Mare mint; cf BMC 64
laney
commodus_aug_tria_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--AUGUSTA TRAIANA38 views177 - 192 AD
struck 191-192 AD
AE 29.5 mm; 15.36 g
Magistrate: L. Aemilius Iustus (Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae)
O: AV KAI [M] AV KOMOΔOC (or similar) Laureate bust right
R: ΗΓΕ Λ ΑΙΜ ΙΟVСΤ ΑVΓΟVСΤΗС ΤΡΑΙΑΝΗС City gate with 3 towers
Thrace, Augusta Traiana
cf RPC online 10823, citing a Freeman & Sear sale of 2005, without picture.
Note: (from C. Clay, 3.21.2015) "Governor Aem. Justus is rare at this mint, yours may be just the second specimen recorded. Not known to Varbanov, or to Stein in his 1926 monograph on Thracian officials. Apparently not in Schoenert-Geiss's Augusta Traiana corpus, or Varbanov would have known it from there."
d.s.
laney
septimius_homonia.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS12 views193-211 AD
Struck 207-210 --Julius Faustinius as Consular Legate
AE 25.5 mm, 9.54 g
O: [AV K] Λ CEΠTI CEVH[POC], Laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: ΦAVCTINIANOY M[APKIANOΠOΛITANΩN, Homonia (Concordia) standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
Moesia, Markianopolis; SNG Copenhagen 211; Pick 580; Moushmov 385. No.1319
laney
caracalla_domna_conf_serapis.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA22 views198-217 AD
Æ 28 mm; 10.74 g
Struck 215 AD
(Quintilianus, consular legate)
O: Confronted busts of Caracalla right, laureate, and Julia Domna left, draped
R:Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; Є (denomination mark) before.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis; ref. Hristova & Jekov 6.19.6.4; Moushmov 476; AMNG 658 v.
laney
geta_res.jpg
(0198) GETA51 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
geta_pautalia_-_Copyb.jpg
(0198) GETA31 views198 - 212 AD
Struck 209 AD*
AE 29.5 mm 14.99 g
O: AVT K P CEP MIOC GETA laureate head right
R: PAVTA (right) LIAC (below) OVLPIAC (left) Septimius, togate, handing globe to Geta, in military dress, laureate, holding a spear. Between them, a seated captive, hands tied behind back, wearing Phrygian cap.
Pautalia
Varbanov 5404, same dies as this specimen.
Ruzicka, Pautalia 909, recording five specimens from two reverse dies. The reverse he illustrates, pl. VII, is from the same die as this specimen.
Very Rare
*(Geta is Augustus on the obverse, so reverse type probably refers to his promotion to joint emperor late in 209)
laney
geta_dionys.jpg
(0198) GETA (as Caesar)17 views198-209 AD.
Æ 26 mm; 10.79 g
Aurelius Gallus, consular legate.
O: Bare-headed and draped bust right
R: Dionysus standing left, holding cantharus and filleted thyrsus.
Markianopolis; cf Mouchmov 514; Varbanov 1090 var. (rev. legend).
laney
augustus_dena.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS74 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 2 BC - 4 AD
AR DENARIUS 3.81 g
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Laureate head of Augustus, right
R: C L CAESARES, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT Togate figures of Gaius and Lucius standing facing, holding spear and shield between them. Lituus on left, facing right; and simpulum on right, facing left
Lugdunum, RIC (I) 210.
(this is the scarcer mirror-image version of this reverse type, and shows the lituus on the left; and Gaius, with his shield in front of Lucius’ shield and the ladle by his head on the right)

3 commentslaney
Diadumenian08_08_10.jpg
(0217) DIADUMENIAN38 views217-218 AD
struck 218 AD
AE 27 mm 11.84 g
O: [K M] OPPEL ANTWNI DIADOVM[ENIANOC], bare head right
R: VII AGRIPPA NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTR, Zeus seated left holding patera and scepter
Legate Marcus Claudius Agrippa
Moushmov 1327
Nikopolis, Moesia Inferior
laney
radiate.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS32 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25 mm 9.62 g
O: AV(T?) KM AVR - ANTWNINOC, cuirassed, radiate bust r.
R: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PRO (PR ligate) in l. field one below the other C ITRO / N (sic!), Athena stg. l., holding spear in raised l. hand and shield set on ground in r. hand
Nikopolis ad Istrum
AMNG I/1, 1920 (1 ex., Paris); Hristova/Jekov No. 8.26.4.5 corr.
laney
elagab_homonia_res2.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS31 views218 - 222 AD
AE 26.5 mm 11.32 g
O: AVT K M AV R ANTWNINOC Laureate bust right, from behind
R: [VP IOVL AN]T CELEVKOV MARKIANOPOLITWN Homonoia standing left holding patera and cornucopia
Consular Legate: Julius Antonius Seleucus
Markianopolis
laney
temple_10_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218 - 222 AD
AE 24 mm; 11.06 g
O: Laureate, draped bust of Elagabalus right.
R: Statue of Marsyas standing right, holding wine skin over shoulder and extending arm, within arched gateway
Phoenicia, Berytus
laney
elagab_marsyas_2_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS23 views218 - 222 AD
AE 24 mm; 10.3 g
O: Laureate, draped bust of Elagabalus right.
R: Statue of Marsyas standing right, holding wine skin over shoulder and extending arm, within arched gateway
Phoenicia, Berytus
laney
elagab_maesa_hermes_mark.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA43 views218 - 222 AD
AE Pentassarion 27 mm, 11.85 g
(Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ.
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left. (confronted busts)
d.s.
R: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN.
Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus, resting with elbow on column; E in right field.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Marcianopolis; cf. Varbanov 1612
d.s.
1 commentslaney
elagab_maesa_hera_2.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA11 views218-222 AD (Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
AE 29 mm, 11.25 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus right vis à vis draped bust of Julia Maesa left
R: Hera standing left, holding patera and scepter, E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis. cf. Mouchmov 688; Varbanov 1626
laney
elagab_maesa_salus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS (with Julia Maesa)11 viewsAD 218-222. (Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
Æ Pentassarion 27 mm; 10.92 g
O: Laureate head of Elagabalus right vis à vis diadmed and draped bust left of Maesa
R: Hygieia (Salus) standing right, feeding serpent held in arms; E (denomination) to left.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. AMNG I 959; Hristova & Jekov 6.28.21.2; Varbanov 1636
laney
sev_alex_markian.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER10 views222 - 235 AD
AE 27mm max. 7.34 g
O: Laureate head right
R: [ ] MARKIANOPOLIT ; WN (ligate?) in lower left field. Homonoia standing right holding cornucopia and patera
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis

laney
sev_alex_hestia.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER20 views222 - 235 AD
AE 24.5 mm; 9.32 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVHPOC (AΛЄΞANΔPOC), laureate head of Severus Alexander facing right.
R: VΠ TIB IOVA ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛIT - ΩN (in field), Hestia (Vesta) standing facing, head turned left, holding patera and a short torch.
Legate: Tiberius Julius Festus
Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior mint, cf Varbanov I 1779
laney
sev_al_nemesis.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER21 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.52 g
struck under governor Tib. Iulius Festus
O: AVT KM AVR CEVH - ALEZANDROC
Bust, draped and cuirassed, laureate, r.
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLITWN (WN ligate Aequitas standing left holding cornucopiae and scales
Markianopolis; cf AMNG I/1, 1003; Varbanov (engl.) 1769; Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.32.35.16 d); Pfeiffer 532
laney
gordian_hadrianop_gate_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III25 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm; 11.30 g
O: AΥT K M ANT ΓOΡΔIANOC AΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind;
R: AΔΡIANOΠOΛEITΩN, city gate with two towers, conical roofs, no doors
Thrace, Hadrianopolis mint; cf Varbanov 3757/3759, Moushmov 2701
d.s.
laney
gord_tranq_zeus.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III14 viewsGORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)
238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.47 g
O: AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG CE (VG ligate); TRANKVK / LEINA in 2 liines in exe, WN legate. Confronted busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina
R:.VP TERTVLLIANOV MARKIANOPO LIT; in right field WN; E in left field. Serapis standing, in kalathos, left hand extended upward, scepter in left hand.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG I/1 1174. Rare
laney
gord_serapes_aescl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS77 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOS AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST OF GORDIAN R, FACING DR BUST OF SERAPIS WEARING KALATHOS L (confronted busts)
R: VII MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN AESKLEPIOS STANDING L HOLDING SNAKE-ENTWINED STAFF. E IN LEFT FIELD
MARKIANOPOLIS (LEGATE TULLIUS MENOPHILUS)
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No. 6.37.20.3
2 commentslaney
cl_goth_cos_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS13 views268 - 270 AD
AE 18X21 mm, 2.45 g
O: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG radiate curissed bust right
R: [P M T]RP II COS P P Claudius, togate, holding olive-branch and scepter
(Scarce dated reverse legend for the period; civilian Emperor symbolism was also rather obsolete at the time, expecially with Claudius II)
cf. RIC 5 10ff

laney
tiberius_emerita_res.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS22 views14 - 37 AD
AE 26 mm 9.14 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD LEFT
R: CAMPGATE
EMERITA, SPAIN
laney
LICINIUS_I_CAMPGATE.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I20 views308 - 324 AD
Silvered AE 18.5 mm 2.56 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG. laur dr cuir bust left with globe and mappa
R: PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, city gate, 3 turrets, HTD in exe
Heraclea
RIC 15
laney
constantine_ii_gate.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)16 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
e 19 mm, 1.66 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
R: Campgate, six layers, two turrets, star above

laney
constantine_ii_cg_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)30 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
Struck 326-328 AD
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with six rows, two turrets, no doors and star above; SMTSD in exe
Thessalonica mint; RIC VII 157
laney
csts_ii_gaye_smanth_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II16 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18 mm 3.13 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 2 turrets, star above; SMANTH in exe
Antioch mint
RIC 66 (VII); Officina H=8 (rare)
laney
constantius_ii_cg_5_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19 X 21 mm, 2.76 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diademed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, no dor; 2 turrets and star above; SMKA pellet in exe.
Cyzicus mint
laney
constantius_ii_cg_l_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)31 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 19.5 mm 2.62 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS campgate with 6 rows, 2 turrets, star above, pellet over doorway.
Trier mint

laney
constantius_ii_cg_r_1_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)13 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18.5 mm 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAE SS campgate, 7 rows with dots in top row; 2 turrets, no door, star above
laney
constantius_cg_r_6_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)17 views324 - 337 AD as Caesar
337 - 361 AD as Augustus
AE 18 mm, 1.81 g
O: F L IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with two turrets, star between; 6 rows with pellets in top row; SMTSB in ex
Thessalonica mint
laney
crispus_campgate.jpg
(0326) CRISPUS12 views326-327 AD
AE follis 19mm, 3.15g
O: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate, two turrets, seven layers, star above,no doors, dot in doorway, SMANTZ in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC VII 72
laney
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.59 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
rjb_2011_09_09.jpg
(VII)29315 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Diademed bust right
PROVIDENTIAE AVGG
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 293
mauseus
rjb_2010_11_01.jpg
(VII)29520 viewsCrispus
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 295
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_2009_09_20.jpg
(VII)29628 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between, pellet in doorway
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296 note
mauseus
rjb_08_09_f.jpg
(VII)29626 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the rear
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 296
mauseus
rjb_2011_04_13.jpg
(VII)29837 viewsConstantius II
FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust left
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 298
2 commentsmauseus
Constantine_I.jpg
*SOLD*32 viewsConstantine the Great AE3

Attribution: RIC VII 153, Nicomedia
Date: AD 328-329
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG; head r. w/ pearl diadem
Reverse: RPVIDEN-TIAE AVGG; camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above
Size: 18.54 mm
Weight: 3.1 grams
Noah
Crispus.jpg
*SOLD*45 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC VII 201, Siscia, 4th officina
Date: AD 326-327
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, no doors & star above,
* Δ SIS * in exergue
Size: 18.4 mm
1 commentsNoah
Crispus_12.jpg
*SOLD*28 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC 201, S.3924v, Siscia
Date: AD 317-326
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, camp gate surmounted by two turrets,
* above, BSIS in exergue
Size: 18.7 mm
Noah
arcadius.jpg
*SOLD*16 viewsArcadius AE4

Attribution: RIC 62 variant, Cohen 8, Thessalonica
Date: AD 383-388
Obverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed & draped bust r.
Reverse: GLORIA REPVBLICE, camp gate with two turrets, Γ to l., TES in exergue
Size: 13 mm
Noah
0002.jpg
0002 - Denarius Augustus 2BC-14AC37 viewsObv/CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Augustus laureate head r.
Rev/AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES in exergue. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, on l. and r., standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield, a spear; above, on l., a simpulum r., and on r., lituus l.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.81g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/207 [C] - RCV 1597 - BMCRE 519 - RSC 43 - Calicó 855
ex-van Alsenoy
dafnis
179Hadrian__RIC2b.jpg
0003 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Trajan and Hadrian standing vis-à-vis89 viewsReference
Strack 1; RIC III 3; C. 1009; RIC II, 2b

Bust B1 with Balteus strap

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO OPT AVG GER DAC
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, balteus strap over shoulder and across chest

Rev. PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P
Trajan standing, delivering globe to Hadrian standing, left facing him; both are laureate and togate and hold rolls in their left hands.

2.89 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
1378Hadrian_RIC0003.jpg
0005 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Trajan and Hadrian standing vis-à-vis14 viewsReference
Strack 1; RIC III 5; C. 1009; RIC II, 2

Bust B1 with Balteus strap

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER DAC
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, balteus strap over shoulder and across chest

Rev. PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P
Trajan standing, delivering globe to Hadrian standing, left facing him; both are laureate and togate.

2.97 gr
18 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
0006.jpg
0006 - Denarius Severus Alexander 224 AC31 viewsObv/IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXANDR, Severus Alexander laureate head, togate.
Rev/PM TR P III COS PP, Mars standing l., holding olive branch and spear upside down.

Ag, 19.9mm, 2.99g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVb/37 [C] - Cohen 251
ex-ezio110665 (ebay)
dafnis
RI_001b_img.jpg
001 - Augustus denarius - RIC 20750 viewsObv:– CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Laureate head right
Rev:– C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on r. a lituus left
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 2 to A.D. 4.
Ref:– BMC 533. RIC I Augustus 207

Ex-Forvm
2 commentsMartin Griffiths
coins176.JPG
001. Constantine I Campgate Sisicia24 viewsConstantine I Ric Vii Sisicia 214

ecoli
0011.jpg
0011 - Denarius Trajan 101-2 AC25 viewsObv/IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Trajan laureate head r., togate l. shoulder.
Rev/(PM TR P) COS IIII PP, Victory standing to front, head turned l., half-draped, holding wreath and palm.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.32g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/58 [C] - BMCRE 115 - RSC 240
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils
dafnis
0012.jpg
0012 - Denarius Postumia 81 BC67 viewsObv/HISPAN, veiled head of Hispania r.
Rev/A ALBIN S N, togate figure standing l. between legionary eagle and consular fasces, POST A F in ex.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.88g
Moneyer: Postumius Albinus.
Mint: Rome aux.
RRC 372/2 [dies o/r: 198/220] - Syd.746 - RCV 297 - RSC Postumia 8 - Calicó 1216 - Cohen Postumia 7 - BMCRR 2839
ex-Incineratio Roma (vcoins)
dafnis
Constantius.jpg
002 - Constantius II (as Caesar 324-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 38D34 viewsObv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKdelta in exe), officina 4, 325-326 AD.
pierre_p77
alexandria1.jpg
002 Constantine II 40 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. laur.,dr.and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-II/SMAL(dot)
hill132
141149.jpg
002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars65 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Æ 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
ecoli
Augustus,_Bilbilis,_Spain,_AE-As,_AVGVSTVS_DIVI_F_PATER_PATRIAE,_MVN_AVGVSTA_BILBILIS_M_SEMP_TIBERI_I_LICI_VARO,_II_VIR,_RPC_392,_2BC,_Q-001,_6h,_27-27,5mm,_12,19ga-s~0.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Spain, Tarraconensis, Bilbilis, RPC 0392, AE-27, MVN AVGVSTA BILBILIS M SEMP TIBERI I LICI VARO around II VIR in wreath, #194 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Spain, Tarraconensis, Bilbilis, RPC 0392, AE-27, MVN AVGVSTA BILBILIS M SEMP TIBERI I LICI VARO around II VIR in wreath, #1
Magistrate: L Lici Varus (duovir); M Semp Tiberi (duovir).
avers: AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Laureate head right.
reverse: MVN AVGVSTA BILBILIS M SEMP TIBERI L LICI VARO (MVN, and AV, MP, and VA are legate) around II VIR in a wreath.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 27,0-27,5 mm, weight: 12,19g, axis:6h,
mint: City: Bilbilis Region: Hispania Province: Tarraconensis date: 2 B.C.,
ref: RPC I (online) 0392, Vives 139–1, GMI 545, NAH 964,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
alexandria2.jpg
003 Constantine II 20 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur.,dr.and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAL(A=alpha=1)
hill132
0034.jpg
0034 - Denarius Postumia 81 BC46 viewsObv/Bust of Diana r., draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder; above brucanium.
Rev/A POST A F S N ALBIN, rock on which stands lighted altar, bull on l., togate figure holding aspergillum over bull on r.

Ag, 19.8mm, 3.95g
Moneyer: A.Postumius A.f. S.n Albinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 372/1 [dies o/r: 90/100] - BMCRR Rome 2836 - RSC Postumia 7 - Syd. 745.
ex-Herbert Grün, auction 47, lot 1594
dafnis
alexandria3.jpg
004 Constantine I 27 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-A/SMAL
hill132
alexandria4.jpg
005 Constantine I 20 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath/SMALA
hill132
alexandria5.jpg
006 Constantine I 19 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: wreath-B/SMAL
hill132
0060.jpg
0060 - Denarius Minucia 134 BC31 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind crossed X.
Rev/TI MINVCI C F on l., RO MA above, AVGVRINI on r.; 2 togate figures, one holding a simpulum, the other a lituus, standing by statue on column.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 243/1 [dies o/r: 76/95] - RCV 120 - Syd. 494 - RSC Minucia 9 - Calicó 1026.
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 311 (ex-colln. A.Senden)
dafnis
007_Antonia_ANTONIA_AVGVSTA_TI_CLAVDIVS_CAESAR_AVG_P_M_TR_P_IMP_RIC-I_92_(Claudius)_C-6_BMC-166_41-50-AD_Q-001_10h_26,5mm_9,54y-s.jpg
007 Antonia (?-37 A.D.), RIC I 092 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As(?), (Claudius) Claudius, togate, standing left, S C at sides,144 views007 Antonia (?-37 A.D.), RIC I 092 (Claudius), Rome, AE-As(?), (Claudius) Claudius, togate, standing left, S C at sides,
Antonia, mother of Claudius. Died 37 AD.
avers:- ANTONIA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Antonia right.
revers:- TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, S-C across field, Claudius, togate, standing left, holding simpulum.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 26,5mm, weight: 9,54g, axes:10h,
mint: Rome, date: Struck circa 41-50 A.D., ref: RIC I 92 (Claudius), Cohen 6, BMCRE 166 (Claudius),
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
0072~0.jpg
0072 - Denarius Trajan 112-14 AC24 viewsObv/IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP, laureate bust of Trajan r., togate.
Rev/SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Trajan's column surmounted with statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles.

Ag, 20.2mm, 3.32g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/292 [C]
ex-Pegasi Numismatics, auction XXIII, lot 477
1 commentsdafnis
0075~0.jpg
0075 - Denarius Severus Alexander 228-31 AC30 viewsObv/IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust of Severus Alexander r., togate.
Rev/AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae.

Ag, 18.6mm, 2.78g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IV.2/185 [C] - Cohen 13
ex-A.L.Romero Martín (denarios.org)
dafnis
antioch1a.jpg
008 Costantine I32 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(r=gamma=3)
1 commentshill132
101112.jpg
008. Otho 69 AD321 viewsOTHO. 69 AD.

Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Neither Otho's person nor his bearing suggested such great courage. He is said to have been of moderate height, splay-footed and bandy-legged, but almost feminine in his care of his person. He had the hair of his body plucked out, and because of the thinness of his locks wore a wig so carefully fashioned and fitted to his head, that no one suspected it. Moreover, they say that he used to shave every day and smear his face with moist bread, beginning the practice with the appearance of the first down, so as never to have a beard; also that he used to celebrate the rites of Isis publicly in the linen garment prescribed by the cult.

AR Denarius (18mm, 3.20 gm). Bare head left / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre. RIC I 12; RSC 19. Fine. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
antioch2a.jpg
009 Constantine II 28 viewsobv: CONSTANTINUS IVN NOB C laur.,dr. and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
hill132
0091.jpg
0091 - Denarius Septimius Severus 194 AC11 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II CO, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ BONI EVENTUC (sic), Bonus Eventus togate, standing, head l., holding fruit plate and two inverted corn ears.

Ag, 17.8 mm, 2.82 g
Mint: Emesa (?)
RIC IV.I/-- – BMCRE V/343 var (cf. p.91)
ex-inAsta, auction 38, lot 734
dafnis
25i6ueo.jpg
01.- A. Postumius Serrate Denarius (81 BC)14 viewsA. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus. 81 BC. AR Serrate Denarius (18.7 mm, 3.85 g.). Draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; bucranium above / Togate figure standing left on rock, holding aspergillum over head of ox standing right; lighted altar between them. VF, toned.
Purchased at Aureo & Calico auction in 2015.
2 commentsOscar D
antioch3a~0.jpg
010 Constantine I18 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGGampgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTB
hill132
antioch3a.jpg
010 Constantine II21 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG laur.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANT(B=beta=2)
hill132
0105.jpg
0105 - Denarius Septimius Severus 205 AC10 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ PM TR P XIII COS III PP, Annona togate, standing l., holding grain ears and connucopia: modium with grain ears at feet.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.35 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC IV.I/198 [C] – BMCRE V/475
ex-Helios Numismatik – eBay, art. #270734396362
dafnis
10a.jpg
010a Antonia. AE dupondus 14.4gm31 viewsrev: ANTONIA AVGVSTA drp. bust r.
rev: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P Imp. Claudius veiled and togate std. l.,
r. holding simpulem/ SC
"doughter of M. Antony, wife of N.C Drusus"
hill132
10b.jpg
010b Antonia. AE dupondus 19 viewsobv: ANTONIA AVGVSTA drp. bust r.
rev: TI CLAUDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP Claudius veiled and togate,
holding simpulum/SC
hill132
antioch4a.jpg
011 Constantine II 18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN OB C laur.drp and cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(B=beta=2)
hill132
antioch5a.jpg
012 Constantine II 18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANT(delta=4)
hill132
0126.jpg
0126 - Denarius Marcia 56 BC107 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Ancus Marcius r.; behind, lituus and below, ANCVS.
Rev/ Equestrian statue standing on aqueduct, behind PHILIPPVS; at horse’s feet, flower. Below, AQVA MAR ligate within the arches of the aqueduct.

Ag, 20.0 mm, 3.37 g
Moneyer: L. Marcius Philippus.
Mint: Roma.
RRC 425/1 [dies o/r: 447/497] - Syd. 919 - Bab. Marcia 28
ex-J.B. González Redondo (denarios.org), jul 2011 (ex–CNG, auction e228, lot 274)
dafnis
012_Claudius_I__(41-54_A_D_),_AE-18,_Ionia,_Ephesos,_Claudius,Agrippina,_KOYCI_NIOC,_OT-D,_RPC_I_2624,_49-50,_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_18-19,mm,_4,38g-s.jpg
012p Claudius I. (41-54 A.D.), Ionia, Ephesos, RPC I 2624, AE-18, Stag standing right, KOYΣI/NIOΣ, O/T/Δ//EΦE, #123 views012p Claudius I. (41-54 A.D.), Ionia, Ephesos, RPC I 2624, AE-18, Stag standing right, KOYΣI/NIOΣ, O/T/Δ//EΦE, #1
avers: No legends, Jugate busts of Claudius and Agrippina (the Younger) right.
reverse: Stag standing right, KOYΣI/NIOΣ (Causinius, magistrate) in two lines above, o/T monogram left, ∆ right, EΦE below.
exergue: O/T/Δ//EΦE, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 4,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: City: Ephesus, Region: Ionia, Province: Asia, Conventus of Ephesus,
date: 41-54 A.D.,
ref: RPC I 2624, SNG Cop 373-374, BMC 205-206, Weber 5872,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
antioch6a.jpg
013 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG rosetta dia.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate wit two turrents star above
ex: SMANTZ
hill132
antioch7a.jpg
014 Constanine I11 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld/ex: delta-dot in doorway-epsilon / SMANT
hill132
antioch8a.jpg
015 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTIVS NO C laur. drp. and cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTdelta
hill132
0154.jpg
0154 - Nummus Constantius II 324-5 AC37 viewsObv/ FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and draped bust of C. l.
Rev/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets, star above; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.0 mm, 3.13 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/298 [C1]
ex-CNG, auction e261, lot 315
dafnis
0156.jpg
0156 - Nummus Constantine II 324-5 AC34 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, camp gate with two turrets, star above, no door; PLON in ex.

AE, 19.2 mm, 3.59 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/296 [C3]
ex-Harlan J Berk, auction 176, lot 499
dafnis
0157.jpg
0157 - Antoninianus Caracalla 213-17 AC25 viewsObv/ ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiated and togate bust of C. r.
Rev/ VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing l., hlding helmet and scepter, leaning on shield; captives to the l. and r.

Ag, 24.9 mm, 5.04 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/86 – RIC IV.1/312a [S]
ex-Auctiones, auction e2, lot 102 (T.Kunsch Caracalla colln.)
dafnis
antioch9a.jpg
016 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG rosetta dia. bust r.
rev: PROVEDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTr
hill132
0166.jpg
0166 - Nummus Constantine I 307-10 AC20 viewsObv/ IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing l., modius on top, togate from waist down and holding patera and cornucopia; PLN in ex.

AE, 25.6 mm, 5.88 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/104 [S]
ex-Soler y Llach, auction Oct 2012, lot #2482
dafnis
antioch10a.jpg
017 Constantine II13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOC C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANTS
hill132
0177.jpg
0177 - Denarius Julia Soaemias 218-22 AC18 viewsObv/ IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, togate bust of J.S. r.
Rev/ VENUS CAELESTIS, Venus togate, standing l., holding apple and long scepter; star on field r.

Ag, 20.5 mm, 3.24 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/45 - RIC IV.2/241 [C]
ex-Gitbud & Naumann, auction Pecunem 12, lot 636
dafnis
0178.jpg
0178 - Denarius Septimius Severus 210-11 AC22 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory togate standing r., holding wreath and with palm leaning on shoulder.

Ag, 19.2 mm, 2.77 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/52 - RIC IV.1/332 [S]
ex-Artemide Aste Feb 2014, lot 302 (colln. English Gentleman)
dafnis
antioch11b.jpg
018 Crispus22 viewsobv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: dot in doorway / SMANTZ
hill132
0184.jpg
0184 - Denarius Crispina 180-2 AC17 viewsObv/ CRISPINA AVGVSTA, togate bust of Crispina r.
Rev/ VENVS, Venus standing l., holding apple with r.h. and raising toga above shoulder with l.h.

Ag, 19 mm, 2.33 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC III/286a [S]
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 137, lot 413
dafnis
antioch12a.jpg
019 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
0199.jpg
0199 - Denarius Licinia 55 BC55 viewsObv/ Laureate bust of Venus r., togate and with stephane; behind, SC.
Rev/ Female figure standing front, leading horse and holding spear; at feet, cuirass and shield; around, P CRASSVS M F.

Ag, 4.09 g
Moneyer: P. Licinius Crassus M.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 430/1 - BMCRR Rome 3901 - Syd. 929 - RSC Licinia 18
ex-Bremens-Belleville, november 2014, lot 363 (ex-St.Florian monastery, Dorotheum, june 1956, lot 2764 / ex. Apostolo Zeno colln., 18th c.)
1 commentsdafnis
Augustus denarius.jpg
02 B.C. - 4 A.D Augustus Denarius125 viewsSilver denarius, S 1597, RIC 207, BMC 533, EF, Lugdunum mint, 3.876g, 19.2mm, 180o, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.;
obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right;
reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on l. a simpulum r. and on r. a lituus l.;
lustrous, nice portrait, reverse slightly off center
jimwho523
2-Gordian-I-RIC-1.jpg
02. Gordian I / RIC 1.79 viewsDenarius, March - April 238, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian I.
Reverse: P M TR P COS P P / Gordian I standing, togate, holding branch, and wearing parzonium.
2.88 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #1; Sear #8446.

The third century saw numerous usurpers in various parts of the Empire. However, the local revolt in Africa which brought Gordian I and his son to power was the first and only time the cause of a usurper was taken up by the Senate before a current emperor was dead. Thus the Gordiani became legitimate Roman emperors, and their coinage, all minted at the imperial mint in Rome, became legitimate coinage of the Empire.

Provenance:
ex Gillardi Collection.
Tinchant sale (1962).
3 commentsCallimachus
antioch13.jpg
020 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above, base
ex: delta-dot in doorway-epsilon / SMANT
hill132
0202_RICII_396.jpg
0202 - Denarius Sabina 134-137 AC17 viewsObv/ SABINA AVGVSTA, togate and diademed best of S. r.
Rev/ VENERI GENETRICI, Venus standing r., raising tunica with r.h. and holding apple with l.h.

Ag, 17.1 mm, 2.97 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC II/396 (C) - BMCRE III/944
ex-Gitbud & Naumann (Pecunem), auction e30, lot 475
dafnis
0208_RRC424_1.jpg
0208 - Denarius Considia 57 BC44 viewsObv/ Laureate and diademed bust of V. r., behind C CONSIDI NONIANI; before, SC.
Rev/ Tetrastyle temple on hill, surrounded by walls and gate, with ERVC above.

Ag, 18.7 mm, 3.75 g
Mint: Roma
RRC 424/1 [
3 commentsdafnis
antioch14.jpg
021 Constantine I39 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG rosetta dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: delta-dot in doorway-epsilon / SMANT
1 commentshill132
0213_.jpg
0213 - Denarius Faustina II 147-50 AC21 viewsObv/ FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL, togate bust of F. r., with high bun held by string of pearls.
Rev/ Venus togate standing l., holding apple on r.h. and l.h. leaning on rudder and dolphin.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.24 g
Mint: Roma
RIC III/517c [S] – BMCRE IV/1074
ex-Naville Numismatics, auction 23, lot 413 (ex-colln E.E: Clain-Stefanelli)
dafnis
antioch15.jpg
022 Constantine I 23 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG rosetta dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: delta-dot in doorway-epsilon/SMANT
hill132
0221_RICIII_358.jpg
0221 - Denarius Faustina after 141 AC17 viewsObv/ Togate bust of F. r., with high bun; around, DIVA FAVSTINA.
Rev/ Ceres standing r., holding scepter with r.h. and corn on l.h.; around, AVGVSTA.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 3.22 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC III/358 [C] – BMCRE IV/389
ex-Artemide Aste, auction XLVII, lot 301
dafnis
0223_RICII_1_1068.jpg
0223 - Denarius Vespasian 79 AC52 viewsObv/ Laureate bust of V. r., around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG.
Rev/ Victory standing l., togate and placing shield over trophy, with captive at its feet; around, TR POT X COS VIIII.

Ag, 18.5 mm, 3.36 g
Mint: Roma
RIC II.1/1068 [C] – BMCRE III/246
ex-NAC, auction 101, lot 195
4 commentsdafnis
antioch16.jpg
023 Constantius II26 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur.drp.cuir.bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANT(H=eta=8)
1 commentshill132
0231_FaustII_RIC_III_1408.jpg
0231 - As Faustina II 147-75 AC15 viewsObv/ FAVSTINA AVG ANTONINI AVG PII FIL, togate bust of F. r.
Rev/ Venus togate standing l., holding apple on r.h. and scepter on l.h.; around, VENVS; S C low on field.

AE, 25.9 mm, 10.26 g
Mint: Roma
RIC III/1408 [C] – BMCRE IV/2172 var.
ex-Numismatik Naumann, auction 74, lot 367
dafnis
antioch17.jpg
024 Constantius II8 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMANTdelta
hill132
antioch18.jpg
025 Constantine I14 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:ex: dot in doorway / SMANTS
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IV_Laszlo_U-291_C1-330_H-384_Q-001_12mm_0,35ga-s.jpg
025. H-384 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-384, CNH I.-330, U-291, AR-Denarius, #0188 views025. H-384 László IV., (Ladislaus IV.), King of Hungary, (1272-1290 A.D.), H-384, CNH I.-330, U-291, AR-Denarius, #01
avers: City wall with gate, bastion between two towers, cross between two birds above, border of dots.
reverse: Eagle with spread wings, advancing left, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 12,0mm, weight: 0,35g, axis: -h,
mint: Esztergom, date: A.D., ref: Huszár-384, CNH I.-330, Unger-291,
Q-001
quadrans
antioch19.jpg
026 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrets star above
ex: SMANTH
hill132
arles1.jpg
028 Constantine I48 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLS
4 commentshill132
arles2.jpg
029 Constantine I13 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia.bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
arles3.jpg
030 Constantius II18 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. and cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-c_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_C_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #0199 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. "C" above the shield (New mintmark !!!).
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437(?)(Not in)., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-(?)(Not in),
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-a_var_C2-88_H-546_M_VnGARIE-LODOVICI_DEI-GRACIA-VGARIE_-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var-2., #01107 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var-2., #01
avers: ✠ m VnGARIЄ LODOVICI (Unknown Legend variation!!!), Patriarchal cross, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR-ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437a-var2., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-1var,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-b_C2-88_H-546_MOnETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_lily_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #0198 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRATIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. Lily above the shield.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437b., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-2,
Q-001
quadrans
arles4.jpg
031 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS laur. drp. cuir.bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: QA(cressent)RL
hill132
arles5.jpg
032 Constantine I13 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG peal dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
ex: SF/SCONST
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032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_Billon-Tetradrachm,_Milne-1034_,_Alexandria,_L-IE-Year-15_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s~0.jpg
032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,61 views032p Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), AE-Drachm, G-1034, D-1610, Egypt, Alexandria, L IE, Hadrian and Alexandria,
avers:- AΥT KAI TPAIA AΔPIA CEB, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- L IE, Hadrian standing togate left with sceptre, greeted by Alexandria in elephant-skin headdress.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Egypt, Alexandria, date: 130-131 A.D., Year (IE)15., ref: Geissen-1034, Dattari-1610, Kapmann-Ganschow-32.509-p-138, BMC 869,
Q-001
quadrans
arles6.jpg
033 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
ex: SF/SCONST
hill132
arles7.jpg
034 Constantine I 12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/SCONST
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RI_035l_img.jpg
035 - Domitian Ae AS - RIC II 385a79 viewsObv:- IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC - SC, Domitian , togate,standing left, sacrificing from patera over garlanded altar, on the other side of which are two flute players facing the emperor, one of which is partly obscured by the altar, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus in background.

This variety, not distinguished in the catalogues, where the second musician's lower body is obscured by the large altar. see BMC pl. 79.3, with obv. portrait left, is from the same rev. die. On other dies, apparently the normal variety, the altar is narrower and you see the second musician's legs descending to the ground.

Celebrates the Secular Games
4 commentsmaridvnvm
arles8.jpg
035 Constantine II17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/TCONST
hill132
arles9.jpg
036 Constantinus II19 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. and cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above
ex: TA(cressent)RL
hill132
arles10.jpg
037 Constantine II13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/TCONST
hill132
arles11.jpg
038 Constantinus II17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: SF/ TCONST
hill132
arles12.jpg
039 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
arles13.jpg
040 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
arles14.jpg
041 Constantius II14 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
Commodus_AE-Sest_M-COMMODVS-ANTON-AVG-PIVS-BRIT_VOTA-SVSCEP-DECEN-P-M-TR-P-VIII-IMP-VII_COS-IIII-P-P_S-C_R_RIC-454a_C-990_Q-001_axis-5h_27-29mm_19,35g-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0454a, Rome, AE-Sestertius, VOTA SVSCEP DECEN P M TR P VIII IMP VII, Commodus togate, standing left, Scarce!117 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0454a, Rome, AE-Sestertius, VOTA SVSCEP DECEN P M TR P VIII IMP VII, Commodus togate, standing left, Scarce!
avers:- M-COMMODVS-ANTON-AVG-PIVS-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- VOTA-SVSCEP-DECEN-P-M-TR-P-X-IMP-VII, Commodus, togate, standing left sacrificing over a tripod. S_C across the field.
exe:S/C//COS-IIII-P-P, diameter: 27-29 mm, weight: 19,35 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 184-85 A.D., ref: RIC-III-454a, p-418, , C-990, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
arles15.jpg
042 Constantius II10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
cd3961.JPG
042 Nero Claudius Drusus26 viewsNero Claudius Drusus AE Sestertius. NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head left / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding branch; arms lying around; SC in ex.




"When, three months after her marriage to Augustus, Livia gave birth to Decimus (later Nero) Drusus - the father of the future Emperor Claudius - people naturally suspected that he was the product of adultry with his stepfather."
Randygeki(h2)
arles16.jpg
043 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINEVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above, arches at top
fld:/ex: SF/SCONST
hill132
arles17.jpg
044 Constantine I13 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia.bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles18.jpg
045 Constantine I8 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
arles19.jpg
046 Constantine I10 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles20.jpg
047 Constantius II. AE311 viewsobv:FL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: Q*AR dot
hill132
RI 048d img.jpg
048 - Antoninus Pius denarius - RIC 293 Note 296 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII, Laureate head facing right
Rev:– VOTA SVSCEPTA DEC III, COS IIII below, Pius veiled and togate, standing left sacrificing with patera over tripod
Reference RIC 293 Note 2
3 commentsmaridvnvm
arles21.jpg
048 Constantine I. AE38 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: P*AR
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049_BC-_MN_ACILIVS_III_VIR_VALETV__SALVTIS_Crawford_442-1a__Sydenham_922__RSC_Acilia_8a,_Q-001_2h_18,5-19,5mm_3,75g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 442/1a, Valetudo (as Salus) standing left, #1166 views049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 442/1a, Valetudo (as Salus) standing left, #1
avers: Laureate head of Salus with earrings and necklaces right, SALVTIS downward behind, border of dots.
reverse: Valetudo (as Salus) standing left, leaning on column and holding a snake, MN•ACILIVS III•VIR•VALETV (MN and TV ligate) behind and before, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 3,75g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 442/1a, Sydenham 922, RSC Acilia 8,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
049_BC-_MN_ACILIVS_III_VIR_VALETV__SALVTIS_Crawford_442-1b__Sydenham_922__RSC_Acilia_8a,_Q-001_6h_21-20mm_3,95g-s.jpg
049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 442/1b, Valetudo standing left, #1461 views049 B.C., Mn. Acilius Glabrio. Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 442/1b, Valetudo standing left, #1
avers: Laureate head of Salus right, SALVTIS downward behind, border of dots.
reverse: Valetudo (as Salus) standing left, leaning on column and holding a snake, MN•ACILIVS III•VIR•VALETV ( MN and TV ligate ) behind and before. border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,95g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 49 B.C., ref: Crawford 442/1b, Sydenham 922, RSC Acilia 8a,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
arles22.jpg
049 Constantine I. AE324 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
1 commentshill132
arles23.jpg
050 Constantine I. AE312 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLS
hill132
I__Lipot,_XVkr_,_Pozsony,_1676,_H-1441,_U-1068a,_HH-PRE,76_1_1-1_3_var__Q-001,_0h,_30,5-31mm,_5,86g-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), H 1441, U-1068a, AR-XV Kreuzer, Pozsony, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, 1676, #0129 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), H 1441, U-1068a, AR-XV Kreuzer, Pozsony, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, 1676, #01
avers: LEOPOLDVS•D(ei)•G(ratia)•R(omanorvm)•I(mperator)• [XV, as value sign] •S(emper)•A(vgvstvs)•G(ermaniae)•H(ungariae)•B(ohemiae)•REX, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, above "lying S-shaped" decoration, below in value sign: XV.
reverse: • 16-76 ♦PATRONA♦ [coat of arms] HVNGARIAE• (AE is ligated), Sitting the crowned Madonna with the child in her left arm, in the Mandorla and flame wreath. Below it is the crowned Hungarian coat of arms, the Bratislava coat of arms on the left side, and the right side is the coat of arms CG.
diameter: 30,5-31,0mm, weight: 5,86g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Pozsony, (today Slovakia: Bratislava/Pressburg),
mintmark: Crowned Hungarian coat of arms, the Bratislava coat of arms on the left side, and the right side is the coat of arms CG (mintmaster: Georg Cetto).
date: 1676 A.D.,
ref: Huszár 1441, Unger 1068a, Höllhuber PRE 76.1.var.
Q-001
quadrans
arles24.jpg
051 Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/QCONST
hill132
arles25.jpg
052 Constantius II. AE325 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: QA(crescent)RL
hill132
arles26.jpg
053 Constantine I. AE311 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: PA(crescent)RL
hill132
arles27.jpg
054 Constantinus II. AE314 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_A_D__Caesar,_218_A_D__Augustus),_Makriannopoliton,_HJ-06_25_1_2_Q-001_0h_17-18mm_3,47g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02var., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle,181 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02var., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle,
avers: M-OΠEΛΛI-ANTΩNEINO (NE are ligate), Bare, draped bust right.
revers: MAPKIANO-ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle, standing front, head right, in its beak wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02.var.,
Q-001
quadrans
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_A_D__Caesar,_218_A_D__Augustus),_Makriannopoliton,_HJ-06_25_52_1_Q-001_6h_16-17mm_3,05g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.52.01., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits,73 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.52.01., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits,
avers: M-OΠEΛΛIOC-ANTΩNEINOC (NE are ligate), Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right – seen from behind.
revers: MAPKIANOΠOLEIΤΩN, Basket of fruits.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.52.01., Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1. No. 1317, AMNG I 807, p.252,
Q-001
quadrans
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_A_D__Caesar,_218_A_D__Augustus),_Nicopolis_ad_Istrum,_4_assaria,_HHJ-08_25_01_16,_Moushmov_1348,_Moesia_Inferior-Q-001_2h_26,0-26,5mm_10,01g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.01.16, 4 Assaria (AE-26), Eagle with wings spread,120 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. Caesar, 218 A.D. Augustus), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.25.01.16, 4 Assaria (AE-26), Eagle with wings spread,
avers:- M OΠEΛ ΔIAΔO MENIANOC K, Bare headed draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPO/CI, Eagle with wings spread, holding wreath in its beak.
exe: -/-//CI, diameter: 26,0-26,5mm, weight: 10,01g, axis: 2h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Governor:Statius Longinus, date: 218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov (2012) 08.25.01.16, Moushmov 1348, Varbanov (Eng.) Vol.1, No. 3710, AMNG I, p. 473, no. 1871,
"Consular legate Statius Longinus , (Governor) of the residents of Nikopolis on the (river) Istrus – A prince (Diadumenian) crowned by the gods"
Q-001
quadrans
arles28.jpg
056 Constantine I. AE312 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
fld:/ex:SF/PCONST
hill132
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-_VP-IOVL-ANT-CELEVKOV-MARKIANO_OLIT_N_H-J-6_28_3_3__Q-001_0h_27-28mm_13,24g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,89 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), and Julia Maesa, Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 06.28.3.3., AE-28, VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN, Zeus left,
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus facing diademed and draped bust of Julia Maesa
revers: VΠ IOVΛ ANT CEΛEVKOV MAPKIANOΠOLITΩN (AP and ΩN ligate), Zeus standing left with patera and sceptre, E to right.
exe: -/E//--, diameter: 27-28mm, weight: 13,24g, axis:0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, Magistrate:Iulius Antoninus Selevkus, date: 218-222 A.D.,
ref: Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 06.28.3.3.,
Q-001
quadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-AYT-K-M-AVP-ANT_NEINOC_MARKIANO_OLIT_-N_H-J-6_26_53_2-rev-var__Q-001_0h_15,5-16,5mm_2,87g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.119 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova-Jekov 6.26.53.2var. (revers variation), AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC (NE ligate) , Laureate head right.
revers: MARKIANOΠOLITΩ/N, Lion advancing right.
exe: -/-//N, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,87g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 218 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG
b) not in Varbanov (engl.)
c) not in Hristova/Jekov (2014):
rev. not listed
obv. e.g. No. 6.26.53.2
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-16,_Markianopolis-Moesia-AYT-K-M-AVP-ANT_NINOC_MARKIANO_OLEIT_N_H-J-6_26_20_9_Q-001_1h_15,5-16,5mm_2,70g-s~0.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9, C AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.114 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9, C AE-16, MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.
avers: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC (ΩN ligate), Laureate head right.
revers: MARKIANOΠOLEITΩN, Coiled snake turns left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-16,5mm, weight: 2,70g, axis:h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date:218 A.D.,
ref: a) AMNG I/1, ???
b) Varbanov (engl.) Not in,
c) Hristova/Jekov (2014) No. 6.26.20.9,
d) Pfeiffer (2013) ???
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
056_Elagabalus_(218-222_A_D_),_AE-17,_Markianopolis,_Moesia,_Moushmov_648,_MARKIANO_OLIT_N,_Four_stars_in_crescent_moon_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varbanov (engl.) 1394, AE-17, MARKIANOΠOLITΩN, Four stars in crescent moon,67 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Moesia, Markianopolis, Varbanov (engl.) 1394, AE-17, MARKIANOΠOLITΩN, Four stars in crescent moon,
avers:- AVT K M AVP ANTΩNINOC (ΩN ligate) , Laureate head right.
revers:- MARKIANOΠOLITΩN (AΡ and ΩN ligate), Four stars in crescent moon.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D.,
ref: a) AMNG I/1, 933 (2 ex., Gotha, St. Petersburg)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1394
c) Hristova/Jekov (2012) No. 6.26.48.2 corr. (ligations not mentioned)
d) not in Pfeiffer (2013)
Q-001
quadrans
arles29.jpg
057 Constantius II. AE315 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above, wide open doors
ex: QR(crescent)RL
hill132
arles30.jpg
058 Constantine I. AE310 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles31.jpg
059 Constantine II. AE331 viewsobv: COSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: TA(crescent)RL
1 commentshill132
arles32.jpg
060 Constantine I. AE3 9 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. bust r
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SA crescent RL
hill132
arles33.jpg
061 Constantine II10 viewsobv: COSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star
fld:/ex: SF/ARLT
hill132
arles34.jpg
062 Constantine I. AE315 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
066.jpg
062 CONSTANTINUS II14 viewsEMPEROR: Constantinus II
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate, 5 layers, two turrets, no door, star above.
EXERGUE: SMHΓ.
DATE: 325-326 AD
MINT: Heraclea
WEIGHT: 2.05 g
RIC: VII Heraclea 77
Barnaba6
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-21,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,__#925;_#921;__#922;__#913;_#921;__#917;__#937;N,_Q-001,_0h,_20-21mm,_5,38g-s~0.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI K AI E/ΩN, #169 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI K AI E/ΩN, #1
avers: M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AVΓ (VΓ ligate), Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: NI K AI E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 5,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Q-001
quadrans
arles35.jpg
063 Constantine I. AE313 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above,wide open doors
fld:/ex: SF/ARLS
hill132
RI_064rb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 51933 viewsObv:– L S-EPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– VOTIS DECENNALIBVS, Septimius, togate and veiled, standing left sacrificing over tripod
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 202
Reference:– RIC IV 519; BMCRE 680; RSC 796. 2 exampled in RD so relatively scarce.

D of DECENNALIBVS corrected from E
2 commentsmaridvnvm
arles36.jpg
064 Constantine I. AE315 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLS
hill132
arles37.jpg
065 Constantine I. AE321 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
fld:/ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
6.jpg
065a CONSTANTIUS II RIC SISCIA 20310 views EMPEROR: Constantius II
DENOMINATION: Ae3
OBVERSE: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped bust left
REVERSE: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Camp gate with 2 turrets & star
EXERGUE: ΔSIS doublecresent
MINT: SISCIA
RIC VII SISCIA 203
Barnaba6
GI_066n_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla, AE27, Markianopolis 18 viewsAE27
Obv:- AY K M AY ANTWNINOC AY K P CEP, GETAC in exergue, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right confronting laureate and draped bust of Geta left;
Rev:- Y FL OYLPIANOY MAPKIANOPOLITWN, Concordia standing slightly left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, E (mark of value) lower left;
Minted in Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria). Consular Legate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D
Reference:– Varbanov (Engl.) 1083

27.33 mm. 11.74 gms. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
arles38.jpg
066 Constantine I. AE317 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles39.jpg
067 Constantine I. AE318 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles40.jpg
068 Constantine II. AE314 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l
rev: VIRTVS CAESS campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: TA(crescent)RL
hill132
arles41.jpg
069 Constantine I. AE322 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: VIRTV_S AVGG campgate with four turrents star above wide open doors
ex: SF/ARLP
hill132
arles42~0.jpg
070 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles42.jpg
070 Constantine I. AE319 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG pearl dia. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SF/PCONST
hill132
arles43.jpg
071 Constantius II13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two torrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
arles44.jpg
072 Constantin I18 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLES
hill132
780_P_Hadrian_RPC728.jpg
0728 THRACE, Bizya, Hadrian 117-19 AD City gate 32 viewsReference.
RPC III, 728; Jurukova Bizye, pl. 1, 3; 6 (same dies) 1A; Price-Trell p. 247, 83; Varbanov 1421 var.

Magistrate Maec- Nep- (presbeutès and antistrategos)

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ СΕΒ ΓΕΡ
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Hadrian, r., with paludamentum

Rev. ΕΠΙ ΜΑΙ ΝΕΠ ΠΡΕСΒ ΚΑΙ ΑΝΤ ΒΙΖΥΗΝΩΝ
City gate, flanked by two towers, surmounted by a figure in quadriga, r.

18.00 gr
31 mm
6h

Note.
The portrait of Hadrian is based on the features of Trajan, as were the earliest coins of Hadrian in Rome.

ex Numismatik Lanz auction 160, lot 414
ex FORVM
okidoki
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-27_AVTK____W________C_V__V_CABMO_ECTOVNIKO_O_EIT_N_P_OCICTPON__Nic_ad_Istr__HHJ-08_36_4_-,_M_Inf_Q-001_6h_26,5-28mm_12_2g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,132 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-W-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ (AVΓ ligate), Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, right.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEITΩN-ΠP (ΠP ligate), in right field one below the other POC [I]C[T]P, in upper left field ON (Γ?), Athena in long girded double chiton, helmeted, standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on inverted spear and holding with lowered right hand shield seen from inside set on ground.
exe: O/N/Γ(?)//O/C/I/C/T/P//--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 12,2g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus (241-244 A.D.,) date: 241-244 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 2051 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4177 (but Varbanov doesn't differentiate between different legend
distributions!)
c) not in Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2015)
rev. No. 8. 36.4 (for the depiction only)
obv. e.g. No. 8.36.4.4 (same die)
Q-001
quadrans
Gordianus-III_AE-23-Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT_Deultum-Thrace-_AD_Q-001_7h_22,5-23mm_6,19g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, AE-23, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left,73 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Deultum, Varbanov (engl.) 2551, AE-23, COL FL PA C DEULT, Artemis walking left,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG (AV ligate), Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- COL-FL-PA-C-DEULT, Artemis walking left with bow and arrow; dog behind her.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22,5-23mm, weight: 6,19g, axis:7h,
mint: Thrace, Deultum, date: A.D., ref:Varbanov-II.(engl.)-2551, p-221, (cites Jurukova 1981, 372), SNG Bulgaria, Deultum 963-964, which is Jurakova 318.
Q-001
quadrans
072-Gordian-III_AE-19_Prov_MANT-GORDIANOC____ATIANON_AD_Q-001_1h_18-19,5mm_4,39g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,65 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Kallatis, Varbanov 358 (but smaller), AE-19, Cybele riding on lion right,
avers:- M-ANT-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-N, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- KAΛΛ-ATIA_NΩΝ (ΝΩ ligate), Cybele holding sceptre, riding on back of lion walking right.
exe: -/-//NΩΝ, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 4,39g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Kallatis, date: 238-244 A.D., ref: Varbanov 358 (but smaller), Pick 347,
Q-001
quadrans
arles45.jpg
073 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents, star above
ex: SF/ARLQ
hill132
aquileia1.jpg
075 Magnus Maximus. AE423 viewsobv: DN MAG MA_XIMVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA_NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAQS
1 commentshill132
aquileia2.jpg
076 Magnus maximus. AE415 viewsobv: DN MAG MA_XIMVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAQP
hill132
Mensor_Q-001_axis-5h_17-19mm_3,76g-s.jpg
076-075 B.C., L. Farsuleius Mensor, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 392/1b, Rome, Warrior in quadriga, #1236 views076-075 B.C., L. Farsuleius Mensor, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 392/1b, Rome, Warrior in quadriga, #1
avers: MENSOR S•C Bust of Libertas right.
reverse: Warrior in quadriga assisting togate male into biga right, control number XXCVT under horses.
exergue: -/-//L•FARSVLEI, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:, ref: Crawford-392-1b, Sydenham 789a, Farsuleia 2,
Q-001
quadrans
arelate1.jpg
078 Magnus maximus. AE420 viewsobv: DN MAG MAXI_NVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. uir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SCON
hill132
Republica_AR-Den_S-dot-C_A-dot-CXXIIII_TI-dot-CLAVD-dot-TI-dot-F_A-dot-N_Xx_Xx_Q-001_18mm_3_79g-s.jpg
079 B.C., Ti. Claudius Nero, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 383/1, Rome, Denarius serratus, A•CXXIIII// TI•CLAUD•TI•F/AP•N, Victory in biga right, #1 84 views079 B.C., Ti. Claudius Nero, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 383/1, Rome, Denarius serratus, A•CXXIIII// TI•CLAUD•TI•F/AP•N, Victory in biga right, #1
avers: Bust of Diana r., draped, with bow and quiver over shoulder, before S•C, Border of dots.
reverse: Victory in biga right, holding wreath in right hand and reins and palm-branch in the left hand, below, control-letter "A" and dot on the right and numeral A•CXXIIII// TI•CLAUD•TI•F/AP•N (VD and AP are ligated).
exergue: A•CXXIIII// TI•CLAVD•TI•F/AP•N (VD and AP are ligated), diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date 79 B.C., ref: Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, Claudia 6,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
arelate2.jpg
079 Magnus Maximus AE416 viewsobv: DN MAG MAXI_MVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA_NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SCON
hill132
arelate3.jpg
080 Flavius Victor. AE418 viewsobv: DN FL VIC_TOR PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA_NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SCON
hill132
081_B_C_,_A_Postumius_A_f_Sp_n_Albinus__AR-Den-_Serratus,_Bust_of_Diana_r_,_Bull,_Altar_Cr372-1,_Syd_745,_Postumia-7,Q-001,_2h,18,5-20mm,3,91g-s.jpg
081 B.C., A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus., Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 372/1, Rome, A•POST•A•F-S•N•ALBIN, Togate figure, ox an altar, #1134 views081 B.C., A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus., Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 372/1, Rome, A•POST•A•F-S•N•ALBIN, Togate figure, ox an altar, #1
avers: Bust of Diana right, bow, and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above.
reverse: A•POST•A•F-S•N•ALBIN, Togate figure standing left on a rock before a lighted altar, ox standing right about to be sacrificed.
exergue: -/-/--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 81 B.C., ref: Crawford-372-1, Sydenham-745, Postumia-7,
Q-001
quadrans
constantinople1.jpg
082 Constantine II19 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star between, base at bottom
ex: B/CONS
hill132
constantinople1~0.jpg
082 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTINV NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star between, with base
ex: B/CONS
hill132
constantinople2.jpg
083 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: r/CONS
hill132
constantinople3.jpg
084 Constantine I 17 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: A.CONS
hill132
Rep_AR-Den_MN-Fonteius_MN-FONTEI-CF_Laur-head-of-Apollo_CF_below_chin_Cupid-on-goat-right_Crawford-353-1c_Syd-724a_Rome_85-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_19,5-20,5mm_3,99g-s.jpg
085 B.C., Mn. Fonteius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 353/1, Rome, Winged figure on goat right, #1103 views085 B.C., Mn. Fonteius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 353/1, Rome, Winged figure on goat right, #1
avers: Laureate head of Apollo Veiovis right, below, thunderbolt, behind, MN•FONTEI (MN ligate), before, C•F.
reverse: Winged figure on goat right; above, pilei, in ex. thyrsus; laurel wreath as a border.
exergue: -/-//thyrsus, diameter: 19,5-20,5 mm, weight: 3,99g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 85 B.C., ref: Crawford-353/1c, Syd-724a, Fonteia 10,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
constantinople4.jpg
085 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: A/CONS
hill132
cyzicus1.jpg
087 Constantine I14 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(DELTA).
hill132
cyzicus2.jpg
088 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMK(epsilon)
hill132
cyzicus3.jpg
089 Constantine I13 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG dotted dia. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
090-BC-C_Publicius_Mall_,_A_Postumius_Albinus,_L_Metellus_Rep_AR-Den_L_METEL,_A_ALB_S_F_,_C_MALL,_ROMA,_Syd_611a_Crwf__335-1b_Q-001_9h_18-18,5mm_3,70g-s.jpg
090 B.C. C.Publicius Mall., A.Postumius Albinus and L.Metellus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 335/1b, Rome, C•MALL, Roma seated left on pile of shields, #1118 views090 B.C. C.Publicius Mall., A.Postumius Albinus and L.Metellus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 335/1b, Rome, C•MALL, Roma seated left on pile of shields, #1
avers: L•METEL, A•ALB•S•F•, Laureate head of Apollo right, star beneath the chin, border of dots.
reverse: C•MALL (AL ligate), Roma seated left on pile of shields, holding a sceptre, being crowned by Victory standing left behind her, ROMA below, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//ROMA, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 3,70g, axis: 9h,
mint: Rome, date: 090 B.C., ref: Syd 611a, Crawford 335/1b, Caecilia 46., Postumia 3.,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus4.jpg
090 Constantius II15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(DELTA).
hill132
353Hadrian_RIC900.jpg
0900 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Mauretania28 viewsReference.
RIC 900f; C. 69

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right

Rev. ADVENTVI AVG MAVRETANIAE in Ex S C
Hadrian, togate, on left, standing right, holding roll in left hand and raising right to Mauretania, wearing elephant-skin headdress, standing left, facing him, on right, sacrificing over altar in center with right hand and holding vexillum in left; bull? next to altar.

14.26 gr
27 mm
5h
1 commentsokidoki
cyzicus5.jpg
091 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG plain dia. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
cyzicus6.jpg
092 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus7.jpg
093 Constantine I9 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus8.jpg
094 Constantine I11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
cyzicus9.jpg
095 Constantine II16 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB
hill132
684Hadrian_RIC955.jpg
0953 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Hadrian and Hispania18 viewsReference.
RIC 953; Cohen 1273; Strack 777

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare headed and draped bust right

Rev. RESTITVTORI HISPANIAE, S C in exergue
Hadrian, togate, stands on the left, facing right, holding a roll in his left hand and extending his right hand to raise up kneeling figure of Hispania, a draped woman before him. Hispania holds a branch in her left hand: in centre, a rabbit.

12.40 gr
25 mm
12h
okidoki
cyzicus10.jpg
096 Constantine II14 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
cyzicus11.jpg
097 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
1207_P_Hadrian_RPC972.jpg
0972 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Male in octastyle temple34 viewsReference.
RPC III, 972; RIC II 459a; RSC 241

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Bare head of Hadrian, right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Tetrastyle temple on podium of three steps; within, togate male standing r. holding spear in r. and Victory in left

9.89 gr
25 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
1337_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
0972 Hadrian, Cistophorus BITHYNIA Koinon of Bithynia mint, Male in octastyle temple15 viewsReference.
cf RPC III, 974; cf Metcalf B8

Issue Reverse legend includes COM BIT

Obv. IMP CAES TRA HADRIANO AVG P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COM - BIT (in field), ROM S P AVG (in entablature)
Tetrastyle temple on podium of three steps; within, togate male standing left. holding spear in r. and Victory in left

10.46 gr
26 mm
11h
2 commentsokidoki
cyzicus12.jpg
098 Constantine I14 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINUS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
LFarsuleiusDen.jpg
0b Italy Gets Roman Citizenship13 viewsL Farsuleius Mensor, moneyer
76-71 BC

Denarius

Diademed and draped head of Liberty, right, SC below, MENSOR before, cap of Liberty and number behind
Roma in biga helping togate figure mount, L FARSVLEI in ex.

Appears to allude to the Lex Julia of 90 BC, by which all of Italy gained Roman citizenship

Seaby, Farsuleia 1
Blindado
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-60.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 6016 viewsAE tessera
2.46 g, 15.9 mm, 5 h.
Obv. Large ligate TR.
Rev. Large G.
Cohen 60, Dancoisne 68.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-60v.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 60v14 viewsAE tessera
2.93 g, 18.3 mm.
Obv. Large ligate TR.
Rev. Blank with beaded border.
Cohen -, cf Cohen 60, Dancoisne 69.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62n.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 6213 viewsAE tessera
2.31 g, 15.8 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large N.
Cohen 62, Dancoisne 70.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62v.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 62v10 viewsAE tessera
3.04 g, 17.8 mm, 11 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large M.
Cohen -, cf. Cohen 62, Dancoisne -.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62v2.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 62v210 viewsAE tessera
2.96 g, 17.0 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large P.
Cohen -, cf. Cohen 62, Dancoisne 71.
cckk
Thrace,_Byzantion,__AR_Siglos_340-320_BC~0.jpg
1. Thrace, Byzantion, 340-320 BC, AR Siglos39 viewsHeifer standing left above dolphin, VΠΥ above.
Incuse square of mill-sail pattern.

SNG BM Black Sea 21; SNG Copenhagen 476; Sear GCV 1579.

(17 mm, 5.36 g)
Classical Numismatic Group electronic Auction 146, 23 August 2006, 34.

Standing on the European side of the Bosporos, Byzantion with its twin city Kalchedon on the Asia Minor side of the Bosporos was the ancient gateway between the two continents, a role that continues to the present.

The symbolism of the bull and the heifer on the obverse of the coins of twin cities of Kalchedon (Asia Minor) and Byzantion (Europe) respectively is striking and points to a shared identity. They stood astride the southern entrance to the Bosporus. Both were 7th century BC foundations of Megara and jointly they controlled the vital grain trade from the Black Sea into the Mediterranean.

The grain ear upon which the bull of Kalchedon stands alludes to this fact. That of the dolphin beneath the Heifer of Byzantion is a reflection of the maritime orientation of the city and the bountiful pods of dolphins that even to this day frolic in swift flowing waters of the Bosporus beneath the old city walls of Constantinople which succeded Byzantion and was in turn succeded by Istanbul.
1 commentsn.igma
37_1_b.jpg
1.22 L. Scribonius Libo46 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 62 BC

rev. PVTEAL SCRIBON
Puteal Scribonum - a sacred spot in the Forvm struck by lightning. A monument was built on the spot, and that is where the moneyers congregated
Zam
cyzicus14a.jpg
100 Constantine II10 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAESS laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
A-21_Rep_AR-Quinarius_C_Fundanius_Laur-head-Jupiter-r_-S-beh__Victory-crowning-trophy-with-captive_ex-Q_Craw_326_2_Syd_584_Rome_101-BC_Scarce_Q-001_axis-11h_14,5-15mm_1,92g-s.jpg
101 B.C., C. Fundanius, Republic AR-Quinarius, Crawford 326/2, C•FVNDA, Victory crowning trophy with captive, #188 views101 B.C., C. Fundanius, Republic AR-Quinarius, Crawford 326/2, C•FVNDA, Victory crowning trophy with captive, #1
avers: Laureate head of Jupiter right, S behind.
reverse: C•FVNDA (ND ligate) in right, Victory standing to right with palm, trophy with kneeling captive on right.
exergue: -/-//Q, diameter: 14,5-15mm, weight: 1,92g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 101 B.C., ref: Crawford 326/2, Sydenham 584, Fundania 2,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus15a.jpg
101 Constantine II18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN OB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
1 commentshill132
cyzicus16a.jpg
102 Constantine II13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(epsilon)
hill132
3100378.jpg
102. Trajan. AD 98-11731 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Æ Sestertius (34mm, 25.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 103-104. Laureate and draped bust right / Front of the Temple of Jupiter: monumental votive arch/gateway; on the sides, from top to bottom, are the following reliefs: biga driven by Victory, aegis, Gigantomachy, arms, and she-wolf suckling twins; the second tier surmounted by a trophy and giant to either side, gateway spandrels with Victories, pediment with Jupiter between two seated figures, panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo), the whole surmounted by six-horse chariot driven by Jupiter and flanked by Victories. RIC II 572-3 var. (bust type); Woytek 187f; Banti 280. Fair, brown patina, some green, areas of minor porosity and cleaning scratches. Rare. Banti cites only one example with this bust type.

EX-CNG eAuction 310 lot 378 190/150
ecoli
cyzicus17a.jpg
103 Constantius II9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMK(epsilon)
hill132
cyzicus18a.jpg
104 Constanine I14 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
cyzicus19a.jpg
105 Constantine II9 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN OB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta).
hill132
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_(B1)_PIETAS-AVG_(E-P-1)_S_RIC-V-I-138corr-p-T-1468-2off_3-iss_Milan_271-72-AD_Q-001_6h_21-21,5mm_4,14g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1468, RIC V-I 138, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, PIETAS AVG, -/-//S, Emperor and Pietas,101 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1468, RIC V-I 138, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, PIETAS AVG, -/-//S, Emperor and Pietas,
avers:-IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- PIETAS AVG, Emperor togate stg. r., holding short sceptre in l. hand, facing Pietas stg. l., holding short sceptre in l. hand, both sacrificing over an altar placed between them. (Emperor and Pietas 1)
exerg: -/-//S, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,14g, axes: 6h,
mint: Mediolanum, iss-3, off-2, date: 271-272 A.D., ref: T-1468 (Estiot), RIC V-I 138corr,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ROMAE-AETERNAE_Q_RIC-142_C-xx_Milan_271-72-AD_Q-001_20mm_2,57gx-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,76 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1476, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETERNAE, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- ROMAE AETERNAE, Emperor togate standing right, receiving Victory from Roma seated left on shield holding a long sceptre (or a spear) in left hand. (Emperor and Roma 1)
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 20mm, weight: 2,57g, axes: h,
mint: Mediolanum (Milan), iss-4, off-3, date: 271-272. A.D., ref: T-1476 (Estiot), RIC V-I 142,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_ROMAE-AETER_Q_RIC-V-I-142-p-RIC-T-1506-off-4-iss-4_272-4-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_23,5-25mm_3,21g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1506, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETER, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,179 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1506, RIC V-I 142, Mediolanum, AE-Antoninianus, ROMAE AETER, -/-//Q, Emperor and Roma,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- ROMAE AETER, Emperor togate standing right, receiving Victory from Roma seated left on shield holding a long sceptre (or a spear) in left hand. (Emperor and Roma 1)
exerg: -/-//Q, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 11h,
mint: Mediolanum, off-4, iss-4, date: 272-274 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 142, T-1506 (Estiot),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG(J2lDr_)_CONCORDIA-MILITVM(EC1)_S-star_RIC-V-218corr_-p-T-2190_off-2_iss-6_Siscia_272-73-74-AD_R_Q-001_0h_23,2-24,6mm_3,43g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2190, RIC V-I 218corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S*, Emperor and Cocordia,210 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2190, RIC V-I 218corr., Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//S*, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, holding Victory on globe in right hand and eagle-handled pugio on left forearm. (J2l draped)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//S*, diameter: 23,2-24,6mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-2, date: 272-73-74 A.D., ref: RIC-V-218corr., T-2190 (Estiot),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_star-T_RIC-V-216-p-RIC-T-2206_off-3_iss-6_Siscia_272-73-AD_Q-001_5h_22-23mm_3,39g-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2206, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*T, Emperor and Cocordia,76 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2206, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*T, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-4, date: 272-73-A.D., ref: RIC-V-216-p-, T-2206 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_star-Q_RIC-V-216-p-RIC-T-2216_off-4_iss-6_Siscia_272-73-AD_Q-001_0h_21mm_3,42g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2216, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*Q, Emperor and Cocordia,66 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2216, RIC V-I 216, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*Q, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//*Q, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,42g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-6, off-4, date: 272-73-A.D., ref: RIC-V-216-p-, T-2216 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2258_Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG(B1)_CONCORDIA-MILITVM(E-C1)_star-T_RIC-V-I-244_3rd-off-7th-iss-Ph-2_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_0h_21,6-22,5mm_3,37g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2258, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*T, Emperor and Cocordia,102 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2258, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//*T, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA-MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//*T, diameter: 21,6-22,5mm, weight: 3,37g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-3, date: 274A.D., ref: T-2258 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_T-Star_RIC-V-I-244-p-RIC-T-2259_off-3_iss-7-Ph-2_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22mm_3,40g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2259, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//T*, Emperor and Cocordia,72 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2259, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//T*, Emperor and Cocordia,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//T*, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-3, date: 274A.D., ref: T-2259 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG(B1)_CONCORDIA-MILITVM(E-C1)_V-star_RIC-V-I-244_T-2276-5th-off-7th-iss-Ph-2_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_1h_21-21,5mm_4,12ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2276, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//V*, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,73 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2276, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//V*, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//V*, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 4,12g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-5, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2276 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG(B1)_CONCORDIA-MILITVM(E-C1)_IV-star_RIC-V-I-244_T-2284-6th-off-7th-iss-Ph-2_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2284, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//IV*, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,137 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2284, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//IV*, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//IV*, diameter: 20,5-21mm, weight: 3,59g, axes: 10h,
mint: Siscia, iss-7, ph-2, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2284 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy008-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2336, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIQ, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,111 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2336, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIQ, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: S//XXIQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-4, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2336 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_S_XXIVI_RIC-V-I-244_T-2342_6th-off_8th-iss_Siscia_274-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,60gx-s~0.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #173 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2342, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S//XXIVI, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: S//XXIVI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,60g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-8, off-6, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-2342 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy012-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2364, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1115 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2364, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #1
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//XXIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9 Phase-1, off-2, date: 274-275A.D., ref: T-2364 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy010-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2364, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #2107 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2364, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIS, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand, #2
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, (B1).
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: -/-//XXIS, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9 ph-1, off-2, date: 274-275A.D., ref: T-2364 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-002
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_XX-dot-I-Q_RIC-V-216-p-RIC-T-2216_off-4_iss-6_Siscia_272-73-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2376, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XX•IQ, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,76 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2376, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XX•IQ, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//XX•IQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9, ph-1, off-4, date: 274-275A.D., ref: T-2376 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_XXI-V_RIC-V-I-244-p-RIC-T-2383_off-5_iss-9-Ph-1_Siscia_274-75-AD_Q-001_6h_21-23,5mm_4,09g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2383, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIV, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,71 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2383, RIC V-I 244, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/-//XXIV, Emperor and Cocordia clasping hand,
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Cocordia 1)
exerg: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 21-23,5mm, weight: 4,09g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, iss-9, ph-1, off-5, date: 274-275A.D., ref: T-2383 (Estiot), RIC V-I 244,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus20a.jpg
106 Constantine I 9 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus21.jpg
107 Constantine I11 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
T-2823_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_star_KA-dot-_-dot_RIC-16_RIC-T-2823_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_3-off_274-5-AD_Q-001_6h_24mm_4,53g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #1167 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,53g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-3 , date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2823 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2823_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_star_KA-dot-_-dot_RIC-16_RIC-T-2823_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_3-off_274-5-AD_Q-002_6h_24mm_2,53g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #2136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2823 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA•Γ•, Emperor and Concordia, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVGG, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA•Γ•, diameter: 24mm, weight: 2,53g, axes: 6h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2823 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-2827_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_(E2),_(E-C1)_star_KA-__RIC-16_RIC-T-2827_C-x_Serdica_4-off_274-275-AD__Q-001_11h_23-25mm_3,88g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #1181 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers: SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers: CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA Δ, diameter: 23-25mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2827 (Estiot), LV 10060-1,
Q-001
quadrans
T-2827_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVGG_(E2),_(E-C1)_star_KA-__RIC-16_RIC-T-2827_Serdica_iss-8_ph-3_4-off_274-275-AD_Q-002_5h_24mm_3,84g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #2150 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2827 (Estiot), RIC V-I 016, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG G, *//KA Δ, Emperor and Concordia, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG-G, Emperor togate standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia standing left. (Emperor and Concordia 1)
exerg: *//KA Δ, diameter: 24mm, weight: 3,84g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, iss-8, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-16, T-2827 (Estiot),
Q-002
quadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!204 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
1000-16-149.jpg
107. Pertinax35 viewsPertinax

Only a mediocre public speaker, Pertinax was first and foremost a gritty old soldier. He was heavily built, had a pot belly, although it was said, even by his critics, that he possessed the proud air of an emperor.
He possessed some charm, but was generally understood to be a rather sly character. He also acquired a reputation for being mean and greedy. He apparently even went as far as serving half portions of lettuce and artichoke before he became emperor. It was a characteristic which would not serve him well as an emperor.

When he took office, Pertinax quickly realized that the imperial treasury was in trouble. Commodus had wasted vast sums on games and luxuries. If the new emperor thought that changes would need to be made to bring the finances back in order he was no doubt right. But he sought to do too much too quickly. In the process he made himself enemies.

The gravest error, made at the very beginning of his reign, was to decide to cut some of the praetorian's privileges and that he was going to pay them only half the bonus he had promised.
Already on 3 January AD 193 the praetorians tried to set up another emperor who would pay up. But that senator, wise enough to stay out of trouble, merely reported the incident to Pertinax and then left Rome.

The ordinary citizens of Rome however also quickly had enough of their new emperor. Had Commodus spoilt them with lavish games and festivals, then now Pertinax gave them very little.
And a truly powerful enemy should be the praetorian prefect Laetus. The man who had after all put Pertinax on the throne, was to play an important role in the emperor's fate. It isn't absolutely clear if he sought to be an honest advisor of the emperor, but saw his advise ignored, or if he sought to manipulate Pertinax as his puppet emperor. In either case, he was disappointed.

And so as Pertinax grew ever more unpopular, the praetorians once more began to look for a new emperor. In early March, When Pertinax was away in Ostia overseeing the arrangements for the grain shipments to Rome, they struck again. This time they tried to set up one of the consuls, Quintus Sosius Falco.

When Pertinax returned to Rome he pardoned Falco who'd been condemned by the senate, but several praetorians were executed. A slave had given them away as being part of the conspiracy.
These executions were the final straw. On 28 March AD 193 the praetorians revolts.
300 hundred of them forced the gates to the palace. None of the guards sought to help their emperor.
Everyone, so it seemed, wanted rid of this emperor. So, too, Laetus would not listen as Pertinax ordered him to do something. The praetorian prefect simply went home, leaving the emperor to his fate.

Pertinax did not seek to flee. He stood his ground and waited, together with his chamberlain Eclectus. As the praetorians found him, they did not discover an emperor quivering with fear, but a man determined on convincing them to put down their weapons. Clearly the soldiers were over-awed by this brave man, for he spoke to them for some time. But eventually their leader found enough courage to step forwards and hurl his spear at the emperor. Pertinax fell with the spear in his chest. Eclectus fought bravely for his life, stabbing two, before he two was slain by the soldiers.
The soldiers then cut off Pertinax' head, stuck it on a spear and paraded through the streets of Rome.

Pertinax had ruled for only 87 days. He was later deified by Septimius Severus.

RI1. Pertinax. A.D. 193. AR denarius (18.0 mm, 2.74 g, 7 h). Rome mint. Rare. IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right / OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, holding two stalks of grain, resting hand on seat of throne. RIC 8a; RSC 33; BMCRE 19. aVF, flan crack.
ecoli
Rep_AR-Den_MN-Fonteius_Heads-Dioscuri-r-in-field-PP__MN-FONTEI_countermark-F_Crawford-307-1a_Syd-566_Rome_108-07-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1139 views108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1
avers: Laureate conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right six-pointed star below the chin, P P in front of the face, stars above.
reverse: MN•FONTEI (MN and NTE are ligated), Galley with Rostrum right, F below.
exergue:-/-//F, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 108-07 B.C., ref:Crawford 307-1a, Syd-566, Fonteia 8 var.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
cyzicus22.jpg
108Constantine I 11 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVGG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA
hill132
cyzicus23.jpg
109 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
109-108_BC-_Man_Aquillius_X_MN_AQVIL_ROMA_Crawford_303-1__Sydenham_557__RSC_Aquilia-___Q-001_6h_19,0-20,0mm_3,79ga-s.jpg
109-108 B.C., Man.Aquillius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 303/1, Rome, Luna in biga right, #1188 views109-108 B.C., Man. Aquillius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 303/1, Rome, Luna in biga right, #1
avers: Radiate head of Sol right, X below the chin. Border of dots.
reverse: Luna in biga right, crescent moon and three stars above, one star below. MN•AQVIL/ROMA below (MN ligate). Border of dots.
exergue: -/-//ROMA, diameter: 19,0-20,0mm, weight: 3,79g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 109-108 B.C., ref: Crawford 303-1, Syd 557, Aquillia 1.,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
cyzicus24.jpg
110 Constantine I 9 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(delta).
hill132
T-3682_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG-(D1)_CONCORD-MILIT-(EC1)_XXI-S_RIC-temp-3682_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_1h_21-22,5mm_3,36g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3682, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIT, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #172 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3682, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIT, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,34g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, issue-3., phase-2, off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-???., T-(Estiot)-3682, C-, LV 2164
Q-001
quadrans
T-3730_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_CONCORD-MILIT-(EmpCon1)_XXI-T_RIC-temp-3730_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_7h_22mm_4,34g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3730, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIT, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3730, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIT, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: -/-//XXIT, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,34g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, issue-4., off-3., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-., T-(Estiot)-3730, C-, LV 2164
Q-001
quadrans
T-3745_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_CONCORD-MILIT-()_XXI-Q_RIC-temp-3745_Siscia-276-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_3,29g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3745, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIQ, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #166 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3745, RIC V-I ???, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORD MILIT, -/-//XXIQ, Bust-B1, Emperor and Concordia, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor togate stg. r., clasping the hand of Concordia stg. l., (EmpCo1).
exerg: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 5h,
mint: Siscia, issue-4., off-4., date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-???, T-(Estiot)-3745, C-, LV 2194-5
Q-001
quadrans
rjb_con_1108_11_05.jpg
1108 Nicomedia39 viewsLRBC I 1108
RIC VII 153
1 commentsmauseus
cyzicus25.jpg
111 Constantine I15 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
111-10_B_C_,_T__Manlius_Mancinus,_Appius_Claudius_Pulcher_and_Q__Urbinus__AR_den_,_Mallia_2,_Crawford_299-1b,_Sydenham_570a,_Q-001,_10h,_16,5-18mm,_3,9g-s.jpg
111-110 B.C., T. Manlius Mancinus, Appius Claudius Pulcher and Q. Urbinus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 299/1b, Rome, Victory in triga right, #189 views111-110 B.C., T. Manlius Mancinus, Appius Claudius Pulcher and Q. Urbinus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 299/1b, Rome, Victory in triga right, #1
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right; circle behind. Border of dots.
reverse: Victory in triga right, T•MAL•AP•CL•Q•VR•(MAL and VR ligate) below. Border of dots.
exergue:-/-//T•MAL•AP•CL•Q•VR•(MAL and VR ligate), diameter: 16,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 10h,
mint: Rome, date: 111-110 B.C., ref: Crawford-299-1b, Syd-570a, Mallia 2.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
cyzicus26.jpg
112 Constantine II 17 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
cyzicus26~0.jpg
112 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMKr.
hill132
A-08_Rep_AR-Den_L_Pomponius-Cn_f__L_POMPONI_CNF_-Helm-head-Roma-r__L_LIC_CN_DOM_-biga-r__Crawford-282-4_Syd-522_Rome_118-BC_Q-001_1h_19,5mm_3,74g-s.jpg
112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #1211 views112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #1
avers: L•POMPONI•CNF (NF ligate), Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind.
reverse: Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) driving galloping biga right, hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, in ex. L•LIC•CN•DOM•,
exergue: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/4, Syd 522a, Pomponia 7a,
Q-001
quadrans
112-109_B_C_,_L_Pomponius_Cn_f_,_L_Licinius_Crassus,_Cn_Domitius_Ahenobarbus,_AR-Den,_L_POMPONI_CNF,_X,_L_LIC_CN_DOM_ROMA_Crwf-282-4,_Syd-522,_Rome_Q-001_2h_19-19,5mm_3,73g-s.jpg
112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #2111 views112-109 B.C., L. Pomponius Cn. f., L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Republic AR-Denarius Serratus, Crawford 282/4, Rome, Gallic warrior in biga right, -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, #2
avers: L•POMPONI•CNF (NF ligate), Helmeted head of Roma right, X behind.
reverse: Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) driving galloping biga right, hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, in ex. L•LIC•CN•DOM•,
exergue: -/-//L•LIC•CN•DOM•, diameter: 19,0-19,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 118 B.C., ref: Crawford 282/4, Syd 522a, Pomponia 7a,
Q-002
quadrans
112-11_B_C_,_Lucius_Caesius,_AR_den_,_Caesia_1,_Crawford_298-1,_Sydenham_564,Sear_175_,_Q-001,_11h,_18,5-20mm,_3,72g-s.jpg
112-111 B.C., Lucius Caesius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 298/1, Rome, Two Lares sitting right, #1115 views112-111 B.C., Lucius Caesius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 298/1, Rome, Two Lares sitting right, #1
avers: Heroic bust of Vejovis facing left, hurling a thunderbolt and seen from behind, PA (Roma) monogram behind.
reverse: Two Lares sitting right, hound between them, head of Vulcan left with pair of pincers above, ER monogram in right field.
exergue: -/-/L•CAESI (AE ligate), diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 112-111 B.C., ref: Crawford-298-1, Sydenham-564, Caesia-1, Sear-175,
Q-001
quadrans
cyzicus27.jpg
113 Constantine I17 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(delta).
hill132
cyzicus28.jpg
114 Constantius II12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with to turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
114-113_BC_Man_Aemilius_Lepidus_Denarius_ROMA_M_N_AEMILIO_LEP_Cr291-1,_Syd_554_Aemilia_7_Q-001_9h_18,2-18,4mm_3,81g-s.jpg
114-113 B.C., Man Aemilius Lepidus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford-291-1, Rome, MN•AEMILIO•, equestrian statue, -/-//LEP, #1179 views114-113 B.C., Man Aemilius Lepidus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford-291-1, Rome, MN•AEMILIO•, equestrian statue, -/-//LEP, #1
avers: Laureate, diademed head of Roma right, ROMA before, * behind.
reverse: MN•AEMILIO• (MN ligate), The equestrian statue on the triumphal arch, L E P between the arches.
exergue: -/-//LEP, diameter: 18,2-18,4mm, weight: 3,81g, axis: 9h,
mint: Rome, date:114-113 B.C.,, ref: Crawford 291-1, Syd 554, Aemilia 7,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
cyzicus29.jpg
115 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS VN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
cyzicus30.jpg
116 Constantine I12 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: .SMK(delta).
hill132
cyzicus31.jpg
117 Constantine II16 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta).
hill132
hadrian as-mauretania.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 134-138 AD65 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP (draped bust right)
rev: ADVENTVI AVG MAVRITANIAE (Hadrian standing on left, togate, and Mauretania on right, wearing snake head-dress, in short tunic, holding patera over flaming altar between them & vexillum), SC in exergue.
ref: RIC II 900 (Adventus type), C.69(6fr)
11.93gms, 27mm
Scarce
berserker
hadrian dup-virtus.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE dupondius - struck 119-121 AD54 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG PMTRP COS III (radiated head right)
rev: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI (Virtus standing right, holding spear & parazonium), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 605, C.1470 (2fr)
12.74gms, 26mm

Hadrian first military service was as a tribune of the Legio II Adiutrix at Aquincum, Pannonia (AD 95). He later became legate of the same legio in Upper Pannonia and eventually governor of the province (AD 107).
berserker
cyzicus32.jpg
118 Constantine I14 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
cyzicus33.jpg
119 Constantine I11 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr.
hill132
rjb_cg3_02_05.jpg
1195 Cyzicus28 viewsConstantine I
LRBC I 1195
RIC VII 51
mauseus
119_Diocletianus,_Heraclea,_RIC_VI_10a,_AR-Argenteus,_DIOCLETI_ANVS_AVG,_VICTORIAE_SARMATICAE,_296_AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19mm_3,5g-xs.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1147 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/HЄ, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis:0h ,
mint: Heraclea, date: 296 A.D., ref: RIC VI 010e (? Not in RIC this Officina), p-, Jelocnik -; RSC 491b, Not in RIC this Officina Very Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-28_DIOCLETI-ANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-SARMAT_Siscia-RIC-VI-a_Q-001_axis-6h_26,5-28mm_10,18ga-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1123 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIA SARMAT, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 019a, p-, C-488e,
Q-001
quadrans
Diocletianus_AR-Arg_DIOCLETI-ANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_B_Rome-RIC-VI-40a_C-516g_295-97-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 040a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//B, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1116 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 040a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//B, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, Four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before city gate with six turrets.
exergue: -/-//B, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 040a, p-, C-516g,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
cyzicus34.jpg
120 Constantine II12 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp.cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
Maximianus-Herculeus_AR-Argenteus_MAXIMI-ANVS-AVG_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Epsilon_Q-001_0h_17-17,5mm_2,63g-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 040b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Є, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #199 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC V-II 040b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Є, VIRTVS MILITVM, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: MAXIMI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over altar, City gate in the background. 295-297 (Rome).
exergue: -/-//Є, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,66g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 295-297 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 040b, C-622g,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I__AR-Argenteus_CONSTAN-TIVS-CAES_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Z_Rome_RIC-VI-42a_P-295-7_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Z, VIRTVS MILITVM, #193 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042a, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Z, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1
avers: CONSTAN TIVS CAES, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background.
exergue: -/-//Z, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 295-97 A.D., ref: RIC VI 42a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
cyzicus35.jpg
121 Constantius II11 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKr
hill132
HENRY_III.JPG
1216 – 1272, Henry III, AR Penny, Struck 1248 - 1250 at London, England (Long cross type)45 viewsObverse: HENRICVS REX : III. Crowned bust of Henry III facing within circle of pellets. Mintmark: Six pointed star.
Reverse: NICOLE ON LVND. Voided long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil in each quarter of inner circle. Moneyer: Nicole, cognate with the modern English name of Nicholas. The surname Nicole originates in the Netherlands where it was notable for its various branches, and associated status or influence. The modern given name Nicole is a French feminine derivative of the masculine given name Nicolas.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.3gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 1363

The First Barons' War (1215–1217) was a civil war in England in which a group of rebellious barons led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, waged war against King John of England. The war resulted from King John's refusal to accept and abide by the Magna Carta, which he had been forced to put his seal to on 15th June 1215, as well as from Louis' own ambitions regarding the English throne.
It was in the middle of this war that King John died leaving his son, the nine year old Henry III (who had been moved to safety at Corfe Castle in Dorset along with his mother, Queen Isabella) as his heir.
On his deathbed John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom, requesting that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. The loyalists decided to crown Henry immediately to reinforce his claim to the throne. William knighted the boy, and Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, the papal legate to England, then oversaw his coronation at Gloucester Cathedral on 28th October 1216. In the absence of the archbishops of either Canterbury or York, Henry was anointed by the bishops of Worcester and Exeter, and crowned by Peter des Roches, bishop of Winchester. During the civil war the royal crown had been lost, so instead, the ceremony used a simple gold corolla belonging to Queen Isabella. In 1217, Henry's forces, led by William Marshal, finally defeated the rebels at the battles of Lincoln and Sandwich.
Henry's early rule was dominated first by Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Justiciar of England and Ireland, then by Peter des Roches, and they re-established royal authority after the war. In 1225 Henry promised to abide by the final and definitative version of the Magna Carta, freely authenticated by the great seal of Henry III himself, which protected the rights of the major barons and placed a limit on royal power. It is the clauses of this, the 1225 Magna Carta signed by Henry III, not the King John Magna Carta of 1215, which are on the Statute Books of the United Kingdom today.
4 comments*Alex
cyzicus36.jpg
122 Constantine II 14 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKA.
hill132
Galerius_Ar-Argenteus_MAXIMIANVS-CAES_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Gamma_Rome_RIC-42b_C-_295-297-AD__Q-001_16-17,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Γ, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1111 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VI 042b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//Γ, VIRTVS MILITVM, #1
avers: MAXIMIANVS CAES, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.off., date: 295-97 A.D., ref: RIC VI 042b,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AR-Argenteus_MAXIMIANVS-CAESAR_VIRTVS-MILITVM_Ticinium_RIC-15b_RSC-220a_294-AD_Q-001_6h_18,5mm_2,68g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 015b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//--, VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod,323 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 015b, AR-Argenteus, -/-//--, VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod,
avers: MAXIMIANVS CAESAR, Laureate head right.
reverse: VIRTVS MILITVM, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing over the tripod, City gate in the background, with six turrets.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd.off., date: 294 A.D., ref: RIC VI 015b, RSC-220a,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
123_B_C_,_M_Fannius_C_f_,_AR-Denarius,_Crawford_275-1,_Rome,_Victory_in_quadriga_right,_M_FAN_CF_,_Q-001_7h_16-17mm_3,81g-s.jpg
123 B.C., M. Fannius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 275/1, Rome, Victory in quadriga right, -/-//M•FAN•C•F, #1154 views123 B.C., M. Fannius C.f., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 275/1, Rome, Victory in quadriga right, -/-//M•FAN•C•F, #1
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, X below the chin, ROMA behind.
reverse: Victory in quadriga right, holding reins in left hand and wreath in the right hand, line border, in exergue M•FAN•C•F (AN ligate).
exergue: -/-// M•FAN•C•F (AN ligate), diameter:16,0-17,0 mm, weight: 3,80g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 123 B.C., ref: Crawford 275/1, Sydenham 419, Fannia 1.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
125_BC-_Man__Acilius_Balbus_,_Roma_head_r__BALBVS_beh__ROMA,_MN·ACILI,_Jupiter_and_Victory_quadriga_r_,_Crawf_271-1__Syd_498__Acilia_1,_Q-001_h,_mm,_g-s.jpg
123 B.C., Man. Acilius Balbus., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 271/1, Rome, Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right, -/-//MN•ACILI, #1151 views123 B.C., Man. Acilius Balbus., Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 271/1, Rome, Jupiter and Victory in quadriga right, -/-//MN•ACILI, #1
avers:- Helmeted head of Roma right within a laurel wreath, BALBVS (AL ligate) behind, ROMA below, Ӿ below the chin.
reverse: Jupiter and Victory in galloping quadriga right, wheel below, MN•ACILI (MN ligate) in exergue.
exergue: -/-//MN•ACILI (MN ligate), diameter:18,5 mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 123 B.C., ref: Crawford 271/1, Sydenham 498, Acilia 1.,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
cyzicus37.jpg
123 Constantine I11 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
cyzicus38.jpg
124 Constantine I13 viewsobv: CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMKB.
hill132
heraclea1.jpg
126 Licinius I17 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. cuir. bust r. holding mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -(delta)//SMHB
hill132
heraclea2.jpg
127 Licinius I13 viewsobv: IMP LICIN_IVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding mappa and globe
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHT(delta)
hill132
heraclea3.jpg
128 Licinius I12 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding mappa and globe
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: HT(epsilon)
hill132
heraclea4.jpg
129 Licinius I12 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding mappa an scepter with globe
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -.//SMHA
hill132
0010-068np_noir.jpg
1296 - C. Postumius, Denarius129 viewsRome mint, 74 BC
Bust of Diana right, bow and quiver above shoulder
Hound running right, C POSTVMI and TA (ligate) at exergue
4.0 gr
Ref : RCV # 330, RSC, Postumia # 9
The only coin here belonging to my wife, because of the greyhound she's had for almost two decades
5 commentsPotator II
heraclea5.jpg
130 Licinius I13 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust r. holding mappa and scepter with globe
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -(delta)// SMHA
hill132
GaleriusAugCyz.jpg
1303a, Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.39 viewsGalerius, RIC VI 59, Cyzicus S, VF, Cyzicus S, 6.4 g, 25.86 mm; 309-310 AD; Obverse: GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right; Reverse: GENIO A-VGVS[TI], Genius stg. left, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. A nice example with sharp detail and nice brown hoard patina. Ex Ancient Imports.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Galerius (305-311 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University


Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Galerius, was from Illyricum; his father, whose name is unknown, was of peasant stock, while his mother, Romula, was from beyond the Danube. Galerius was born in Dacia Ripensis near Sardica. Although the date of his birth is unknown, he was probably born ca. 250 since he served under Aurelian. As a youth Galerius was a shepherd and acquired the nickname Armentarius. Although he seems to have started his military career under Aurelian and Probus, nothing is known about it before his accession as Caesar on 1 March 293. He served as Diocletian's Caesar in the East. Abandoning his first wife, he married Diocletian's daugher, Valeria.

As Caesar he campaigned in Egypt in 294; he seems to have taken to the field against Narses of Persia, and was defeated near Ctesiphon in 295. In 298, after he made inroads into Armenia, he obtained a treaty from the Persians favorable to the Romans. Between 299-305 he overcame the Sarmatians and the Carpi along the Danube. The Great Persecution of the Orthodox Church, which was started in 303 by the Emperor Diocletian, was probably instigated by Galerius. Because of the almost fatal illness that he contracted toward the end of 304, Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximianus Herculius, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple on 1 May 305. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. Constantius and Severus reigned in the West, whereas Galerius' and Daia's realm was the East. Although Constantius was nominally senior Augustus, the real power was in the hands of Galerius because both Caesars were his creatures.

The balance of power shifted at the end of July 306 when Constantius, with his son Constantine at his side, passed away at York in Britain where he was preparing to face incursions by the Picts; his army proclaimed Constantine his successor immediately. As soon as he received the news of the death of Constantius I and the acclamation of Constantine to the purple, Galerius raised Severus to the rank of Augustus to replace his dead colleague in August 306. Making the best of a bad situation, Galerius accepted Constantine as the new Caesar in the West. The situation became more complicated when Maxentius, with his father Maximianus Herculius acquiesing, declared himself princes on 28 October 306. When Galerius learned about the acclamation of the usurper, he dispatched the Emperor Severus to put down the rebellion. Severus took a large field army which had formerly been that of Maximianus and proceeded toward Rome and began to besiege the city, Maxentius, however, and Maximianus, by means of a ruse, convinced Severus to surrender. Later, in 307, Severus was put to death under clouded circumstances. While Severus was fighting in the west, Galerius, during late 306 or early 307, was campaigning against the Sarmatians.

In the early summer of 307 Galerius invaded Italy to avenge Severus's death; he advanced to the south and encamped at Interamna near the Tiber. His attempt to besiege the city was abortive because his army was too small to encompass the city's fortifications. Not trusting his own troops, Galerius withdrew. During its retreat, his army ravaged the Italian countryside as it was returning to its original base. When Maximianus Herculius' attempts to regain the throne between 308 and 310 by pushing his son off his throne or by winning over Constantine to his cause failed, he tried to win Diocletian and Galerius over to his side at Carnuntum in October and November 308; the outcome of the Conference at Carnuntum was that Licinius was appointed Augustus in Severus's place, that Daia and Constantine were denoted filii Augustorum, and that Herculius was completely cut out of the picture. Later, in 310, Herculius died, having been implicated in a plot against his son-in-law. After the Conference at Carnuntum, Galerius returned to Sardica where he died in the opening days of May 311.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University; Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Galerius was Caesar and tetrarch under Maximianus. Although a talented general and administrator, Galerius is better known for his key role in the "Great Persecution" of Christians. He stopped the persecution under condition the Christians pray for his return to health from a serious illness. Galerius died horribly shortly after. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Lcnius1.jpg
1308b, Licinius I, 308 - 324 A.D. (Siscia)62 viewsLicinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D. Bronze follis, RIC 4, F, Siscia, 3.257g, 21.6mm, 0o, 313 - 315 A.D. Obverse: IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; Reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, E right, SIS in exergue.



De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
Licin1AEFolJupiAlex.jpg
1308c, Licinius I, 308-324 A.D. (Alexandria)71 viewsLicinius I, 308-324 A.D. AE Follis, 3.60g, VF, 315 A.D., Alexandria. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG - Laureate head right; Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on a globe and scepter; exergue: ALE / (wreath) over "B" over "N." Ref: RIC VII, 10 (B = r2) Rare, page 705 - Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland.


De Imperatoribus Romanis : An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Licinius (308-324 A.D.)

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Licinius' Heritage

Valerius Licinianus Licinius, more commonly known as Licinius, may have been born ca. 265. Of peasant origin, his family was from Dacia. A close friend and comrade of arms of the Emperor Galerius, he accompanied him on his Persian expedition in 297. When campaigns by Severus and Galerius in late 306 or early 307 and in the summer of 307, respectively, failed to dislodge Maxentius who, with the luke warm support of his father Maximianus Herculius, was acclaimed princeps on 28 October 306, he was sent by the eastern emperor to Maxentius as an ambassador; the diplomatic mission, however, failed because the usurper refused to submit to the authority of his father-in-law Galerius. At the Conference of Carnuntum which was held in October or November of 308, Licinius was made an Augustus on 11 November 308; his realm included Thrace, Illyricum, and Pannonia.

Licinius' Early Reign

Although Licinius was initially appointed by Galerius to replace Severus to end the revolt of Maxentius , Licinius (perhaps wisely) made no effort to move against the usurper. In fact, his first attested victory was against the Sarmatians probably in the late spring, but no later than the end of June in 310. When the Emperor Galerius died in 311, Licinius met Maximinus Daia at the Bosporus during the early summer of that year; they concluded a treaty and divided Galerius' realm between them. It was little more than a year later that the Emperor Constantine defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312. After the defeat of the usurper, Constantine and Licinius met at Mediolanum (Milan) where Licinius married the former's sister Constantia; one child was born of this union: Valerius Licinianus Licinius. Licinius had another son, born of a slave woman, whose name is unknown. It appears that both emperors promulgated the so-called Edict of Milan, in which Constantine and Licinius granted Christians the freedom to practice their faith without any interference from the state.

As soon as he seems to have learned about the marital alliance between Licinius and Constantine and the death of Maxentius, who had been his ally, Daia traversed Asia Minor and, in April 313, he crossed the Bosporus and went to Byzantium, which he took from Licinius after an eleven day siege. On 30 April 313 the armies of both emperors clashed on the Campus Ergenus; in the ensuing battle Daia's forces were routed. A last ditch stand by Daia at the Cilician Gates failed; the eastern emperor subsequently died in the area of Tarsus probably in July or August 313. As soon as he arrived in Nicomedeia, Licinius promulgated the Edict of Milan. As soon as he had matters in Nicomedeia straightened out, Licinius campaigned against the Persians in the remaining part of 313 and the opening months of 314.

The First Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine

Once Licinius had defeated Maximinus Daia, the sole rulers of the Roman world were he and Constantine. It is obvious that the marriage of Licinius to Constantia was simply a union of convenience. In any case, there is evidence in the sources that both emperors were looking for an excuse to attack the other. The affair involving Bassianus (the husband of Constantius I's daughter Anastasia ), mentioned in the text of Anonymus Valesianus (5.14ff), may have sparked the falling out between the two emperors. In any case, Constantine' s forces joined battle with those of Licinius at Cibalae in Pannonia on 8 October 314. When the battle was over, Constantine prevailed; his victory, however, was Pyrrhic. Both emperors had been involved in exhausting military campaigns in the previous year and the months leading up to Cibalae and each of their realms had expanded so fast that their manpower reserves must have been stretched to the limit. Both men retreated to their own territory to lick their wounds. It may well be that the two emperors made an agreement, which has left no direct trace in the historical record, which would effectively restore the status quo.

Both emperors were variously engaged in different activities between 315 and 316. In addition to campaigning against the Germans while residing in Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in 315, Constantine dealt with aspects of the Donatist controversy; he also traveled to Rome where he celebrated his Decennalia. Licinius, possibly residing at Sirmium, was probably waging war against the Goths. Although not much else is known about Licinius' activities during this period, it is probable that he spent much of his time preparing for his impending war against Constantine; the latter,who spent the spring and summer of 316 in Augusta Treverorum, was probably doing much the same thing. In any case, by December 316, the western emperor was in Sardica with his army. Sometime between 1 December and 28 February 317, both emperors' armies joined battle on the Campus Ardiensis; as was the case in the previous engagement, Constantine' s forces were victorious. On 1 March 317, both sides agreed to a cessation of hostilities; possibly because of the intervention of his wife Constantia, Licinius was able to keep his throne, although he had to agree to the execution of his colleague Valens, who the eastern emperor had appointed as his colleague before the battle, as well as to cede some of his territory to his brother-in-law.

Licinius and the Christians

Although the historical record is not completely clear, Licinius seems to have campaigned against the Sarmatians in 318. He also appears to have been in Byzantium in the summer of 318 and later in June 323. Beyond these few facts, not much else is known about his residences until mid summer of 324. Although he and Constantine had issued the Edict of Milan in early 313, Licinius turned on the Christians in his realm seemingly in 320. The first law that Licinius issued prevented bishops from communicating with each other and from holding synods to discuss matters of interest to them. The second law prohibited men and women from attending services together and young girls from receiving instruction from their bishop or schools. When this law was issued, he also gave orders that Christians could hold services only outside of city walls. Additionally, he deprived officers in the army of their commissions if they did not sacrifice to the gods. Licinius may have been trying to incite Constantine to attack him. In any case, the growing tension between the two rulers is reflected in the consular Fasti of the period.

The Second Civil War Between Licinius and Constantine and Licinius' Death

War actually broke out in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging some territory in his realm, across the Danube. When he checked a similar invasion of the Goths, who were devastating Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them. Having assembled a fleet and army at Thessalonica, Constantine advanced toward Adrianople. Licinius engaged the forces of his brother-in-law near the banks of the Hebrus River on 3 July 324 where he was routed; with as many men as he could gather, he headed for his fleet which was in the Hellespont. Those of his soldiers who were not killed or put to flight, surrendered to the enemy. Licinius fled to Byzantium, where he was besieged by Constantine. Licinius' fleet, under the command of the admiral Abantus, was overcome by bad weather and by Constantine' s fleet which was under the command of his son Crispus. Hard pressed in Byzantium, Licinius abandoned the city to his rival and fled to Chalcedon in Bithynia. Leaving Martinianus, his former magister officiorum and now his co-ruler, to impede Constantine' s progress, Licinius regrouped his forces and engaged his enemy at Chrysopolis where he was again routed on 18 September 324. He fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to besiege. On the next day Licinius abdicated and was sent to Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Both Licinius and his associate were put to death by Constantine. Martinianus may have been put to death before the end of 324, whereas Licinius was not put to death until the spring of 325. Rumors circulated that Licinius had been put to death because he attempted another rebellion against Constantine.

Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
heraclea6.jpg
131 Licinius I12 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: .SMHB
hill132
heraclea7~0.jpg
132 Licinius I11 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust r. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -(delta)//SMHA
hill132
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2--_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG_7-lay_HT-E_RIC-VII-15_Heraclea_316-17-AD_R2_Q-001_6h_19mm_3,59g-s~1.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 015, AE-3 Follis, -/-//HTЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R2!!107 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 015, AE-3 Follis, -/-//HTЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R2!!
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//HTЄ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,59g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, 5th. off., date: 316-317 A.D., ref: RIC VII 015, p544, R2!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2-J1_l_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG_MHT-Epsilon_7layer_RIC-VII-17-p545-5th-off_Heraclea_316-17-AD_R4_Q-001_axis-5h_19mm_2,51ga-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 017, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R4!!!280 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 017, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R4!!!
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//MHTЄ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Heraclea, 5th. off., date: 316-317 A.D., ref: RIC VII 017, p545, R4!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius_I__Heraclea,_RIC_VII_17A,_AE-3-Follis,_IMP_LICI_NIVS_AVG_2-J1_l,_PROVIDEN_TIAE_AVG_G,_MHTA,_5_layer,_1st_off,_317_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18,5-19,5mm,_2,52-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 017, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, #1119 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 017, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, #1
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 5 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//MHTA, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,52g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, 1st. off., date: 316-317 A.D., ref: RIC VII 017, p545,
Q-001
quadrans
132_Licinius_l_,_Heraclea_RIC_VII_039,_AE-3,_IMP_LICINIVS_AVG,_PROVIDENTIAE_AVG_G,_SMHA,__318-20_AD,R4_Q-001,_0h,_18-19mm,_3,60gx-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 039, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R4! #1102 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 039, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with tree turrets, R4! #1
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and scepter on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 039, R4!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2--_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG-_-_SMH-B_RIC-VII-48var-pxx-2nd-off__Heraclea_318-20-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18-19mm_3,10g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var., AE-3 Follis, -/Λ//SMHB, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate, #179 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var., AE-3 Follis, -/Λ//SMHB, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate, #1
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1r., Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 6 layers of stones and Λ in right in the field.
exergue: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 048var., (RIC err. not left, right), p547, c1,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICI-NIVS-AVG-2--_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVGG-_-_SMH-B_RIC-VII-48var-pxx-2nd-off__Heraclea_318-20-AD__Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var., AE-3 Follis, -/Λ//SMHB, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate, #277 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 048var., AE-3 Follis, -/Λ//SMHB, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate, #2
avers: IMP LICI NIVS AVG, 2, J1r., Laureate, draped bust right(left are RIC error), holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, no dors, 6 layers of stones and Λ in right in the field.
exergue: -/Λ//SMHB, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, 2nd. off., date: 318-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 048var., (RIC err. not left, right), p547, c1,
Q-002
quadrans
heraclea8.jpg
133 Licinius I9 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: SMH(delta)
hill132
Licinius-II_AE-3-Follis_DN-VAL-LICIN-LICINIVS-NOB-C-6b-J1-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_MHT-_-_RIC-19-p545-4th_-off_-c2_Heracleia_317-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_19mm_2,81g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 019, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, C2! #1178 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VII 019, AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, C2! #1
avers: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, 6b, J1l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with three turrets, 6 layers of stone.
exergue: -/-//MHTΔ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, 4th. off., date: 317 A.D., ref: RIC VII 019, p545, C2,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
0010-069.jpg
1330 - L. Cassius Longinus, Denarius105 viewsRome mint, 63 BC
Veiled bust of Vesta left. Control mark L below chin
LONGIN IIIV, togate citizen standing left, voting
3.93 gr
Ref : RCV # 364, RSC, Cassia # 10, Crawford # 413/1, Sydenham # 935

4 commentsPotator II
A-14_Rep_AR-Den_C_Aburius-Geminus_Helm-head-Roma-r_-GEM-behind_Mars-in-quadriga-r_-ex-C_ABVRI-ROMA_Crawford-244-1_Syd-490_Rome_134-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_17,5-18mm_3,76g-s.jpg
134 B.C., C. Aburius Geminus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 244/1, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #183 views134 B.C., C. Aburius Geminus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 244/1, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #1
avers: GEM behind of helmeted head of Roma right, * below the chin.
reverse: Mars in quadriga right, holding the spear, shield, trophy, and reins, C•ABVRI (AB and VR are ligated) below, ROMA in exergue.
exergue: C•ABVRI//ROMA, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,76g, axis:7 h,
mint: Rome, date:134 B.C., ref: Crawford 244-1, Sydenham 490, Aburia 1.,
Q-001
quadrans
heraclea9~0.jpg
134 Licinius II11 viewsobv: DN VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHT(delta)
hill132
Rep_AR-Den_L_Trebanius-Helm-head-of-Roma-r__Jupiter-quadriga-r__L_TREBAVI_ex-ROMA_Crawford-241-1_Syd-456_Rome_135-BC_Q-001_axis-6h_18,5mm_3,46g-s.jpg
135 B.C., L.Trebanius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 241-1a, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #1101 views135 B.C., L.Trebanius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 241-1a, Rome, Jupiter in quadriga right, #1
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, behind, the mark of value X.
reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter and reins in the left hand and hurling thunderbolt with the right hand, below horses, L•TREBANI (AN ligate) In exergue, ROMA.
exergue: L•TREBANI//ROMA, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,46g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 135 B.C., ref: Crawford 241-1a, Sydenham 456, Trebania 1., FFC 1161,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
heraclea10.jpg
135 Licinius I10 viewsobv: IMP LICI_NIVS AVGG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -.//SMHA
hill132
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_dot_SMANTA_RIC-63-p-688_Antioch_326-327-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 063, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMANTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!67 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 063, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMANTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//SMANTA, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Antioch, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 063, p-688, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-8layers_dot_SMANTZ_RIC-71-p-690_Antioch_326-327-AD_R2_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 071, AE-3 Follis, •//SMANTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!65 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VII 071, AE-3 Follis, •//SMANTA, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 8 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: •//SMANTA, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Antioch, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 071, p-690, R2!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_SACrescRL_RIC-_p-_Arles_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 286, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!79 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 286, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//SAᴗRL, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Arleate, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 286, p-264, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_SMKDelta_RIC-24-p-647_Cyzicus_324-5-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 024, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets,66 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 024, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets,
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//SMKΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 024, p-647,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-8layers_SMKGamm-dot_RIC-34-p-648_Cyzicus_325-6-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 034, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets,67 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 034, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets,
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 8 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//SMKΓ•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 034, p-648,
Q-001
quadrans
136_Constantinus_I_,_,_RIC_VII_34A,_Cyzicus_,_AE-Follis,_CONSTAN_TINVS_AVG,_PROVIDENTIAE_AVGG,_SMKAdot,_325-6_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_17,5-18,5mm,_3,05g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 034A, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKA•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1127 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 034A, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKA•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 8 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//SMKA•, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis:11h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 034A, p-648,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTA-NTINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-J1_l_-6-layers_MHTA_RICVII-16v(or38v)-not-off-A_Heraclea_317-320-AD_Q-001_6h_19,5-20mm_3,25g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 016var.(or 038var.), AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTA, PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with 3 turrets, "A" off not in RIC !!!72 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 016var.(or 038var.), AE-3 Follis, -/-//MHTA, PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with 3 turrets, "A" off not in RIC !!!
avers: IMP CONSTA NTINVS AVG, 1, J1 l., Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa and sceptre on globe.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, Campgate with 3 turrets, 6 layers, no doors, no star above.
exergue: -/-//MHTA, diameter: 19,5-20mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 317-320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 16ver.(or38ver.???), p-544, "A" off not in RIC !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTA-N-TINVS-AVG-1-D6_VIRTV-S-AVG-G_3-turrets-6-layers_P-R_RT_3-off_RIC-VII-166-p-315_Rome_318-319-AD_R5_Q-001_5h_17,5-18mm_2,75ga-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 166, AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!! 123 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 166, AE-3 Follis, P/R//R-T, VIRTVS AVG G, Campgate with three turrets, R5!!!
avers: CONSTA N TINVS AVG, Laureate helmeted cuirassed bust right. 1-D6,
reverse: VIRTV S AVG G, Campgate, three turrets, six layers no doors; P-R across fields, RT in ex.
exergue: P/R//R-T, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 2,75g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 318-319 A.D., ref: RIC VII 166, p-315, R5!!!,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6-layers_dot-G-SIS-dot-_RIC-200_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_6h_18-20mm_2,71g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #171 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΓSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 18,0-21,0mm, weight: 2,71g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-5layers_dot-Delta-SIS-dot-2-off__RIC-200_C-x_Siscia_326-327-AD__Q-001_19mm_2_24g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #166 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 5 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•ΔSIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-7layers_dot-A-SIS-dot-x-off__RIC-200_C-x_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ASIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ASIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•ASIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_dot-B-SIS-dot-2-off__RIC-200_C-x_Siscia_326-327-AD__Q-001_19mm_2_24g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1112 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,24g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_dot-B-SIS-dot-_RIC-200_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #264 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #2
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6-layers_dot-B-SIS-dot-_RIC-200_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-003_1h_18-20mm_2,81g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #365 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 200, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•BSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #3
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//•BSIS•, diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 200, p-449, 2nd.-off.,
Q-003
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-9layers_GammaSISCrecincresc_RIC-214_p-452_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΓSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 9 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//ΓSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 214, p-452, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-9layers_B-SIS-crescincresc_RIC-_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #169 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 9 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 214, p-452, 2nd.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-9layers_BSISCrecincresc_RIC-214_p-452_Siscia_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #267 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 214, AE-3 Follis, -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #2
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 9 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/-//BSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 214, p-452, 2nd.-off.,
Q-002
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTAN-TINVS-AVG-1_PROVIDEN-TIAE-AVG-G-B1-6layers_dot-SMTSE_RIC-153_p-518_Thesalonica_326-327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/•//SMTSЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 153, AE-3 Follis, -/•//SMTSЄ, PROVIDENTIAE AVG G, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTAN TINVS AVG, 1, B1, Laureate, bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE AVG G, 6 layers, Campgate, no door, with two turrets star above.
exergue: -/•//SMTSЄ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 153, p-518,
Q-001
quadrans
heraclea11.jpg
136 Crispus16 viewsobv: DN FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: -.//SMHr
hill132
heraclea12.jpg
137 Constantine I16 viewsobv: IMP CONSTA_TINVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHTB
hill132
heraclea13.jpg
138 Constantine I14 viewsobv: IMP CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHTB
hill132
heraclea14.jpg
139 Constantine I15 viewsobv: IMP CONSTAN_TINVS AVG laur. drp. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE AVGG campgate with three turrents no star
ex: MHTB
hill132
heraclea15~0.jpg
140 Constantine II18 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDE_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents star above
ex: .SMH(epsilon).
hill132
100_1635.JPG
140 Hadrian41 viewsSestertius, 134-8 A.D. Rome.
bare head,draped, bust l.; HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP. Rv. Togate emperor standing l. receiving Achaea who kneels before him, vase between them; RESTITVTORI ACHAIAE, S C in ex. RIC 938; BMC 1783(same obv. die ?); Cohen 1220

If the patina had remaind, this would be an impressive coin, I got it as is and dont know how it was cleaned, but its a good example of why patina is good.
randy h2
683_P_Hadrian_east.jpg
140 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Roma and Hadrian standing vis-à-vis here a scepter eastern mint42 viewsReference.
Strack --; cf. RIC 225; (Spear usually)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Head of Hadrian, bare, right

Rev. ADVENTVS AVG
Roma, helmeted, in military dress, standing right, holding scepter (Roma has spear) in left hand and clasping hands with Hadrian on right, who stands left, togate, facing her

2.96 gr
17 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
CTG_SisCmpGte.jpg
1403i, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Siscia)42 viewsSilvered AE 3, RIC 214, VF, Siscia mint, 3.187g, 19.3mm, 0o, 328 - 329 A.D.
Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, ASIS and double crescent in exergue.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. It is reputed that before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. Other sources claim the vision came to Constantine I in a dream. The story continues that after placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. Constantine I also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power, and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
CTG_ThesCmpGte.jpg
1403j, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Thessalonica)26 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 153, VF, Thessalonica mint, 2.955g, 19.7mm, 0o, 326 - 328 A.D. Obverse: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, dot right, SMTSG in exergue.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. It is reputed that before the battle, he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. Other sources claim the vision came to Constantine I in a dream. The story continues that after placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. Constantine I also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power, and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
heraclea16.jpg
141 Constantine II11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMH(delta)
hill132
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142 Constantine II15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex:SMHr
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142_Crispus,_Cyzicus,_RIC_VII_025,_AE-3_Follis,_FL_IVL_CRISPUS_NOB_CAES,_PROVIDEN-TIAE_CAESS,_SMK__#916;,_324-5AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19mm,_3,6g-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 025, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, #1161 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Cyzicus, RIC VII 025, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CRISPUS NOB CAES, Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAESS, Campgate with two turrets, 6 layers, no door and one star above.
exergue: -/-//SMKΔ, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 3,60g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 4th. off., date: 324-325 AD., ref: RIC VII 25,
Q-001
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Thessalonica_RIC_VII_155,_142_Crispus_AE-3-Follis_IVL-CRISPVS-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_SMTSGamma_326-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 155, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, Scarce! #190 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 155, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, Scarce! #1
avers: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets and star above. Closed doors, six rows of bricks.
exergue: -/-//SMTSΓ, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 155, Sear 16803, Scarce!
Q-001
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Antose88.jpg
143 AD: The king of Armenia is appointed by Antoninus Pius196 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (23.57g, 31mm, 11h). Rome mint. Struck AD 143-144.
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right
REX ARMENIIS DATVS [around] S C [in ex.] Antoninus Pius, togate, standing facing, head turned left, placing a tiara on the head of the Armenian king, standing left, wearing short tunica and cloak, his right hand raised and holding a roll in his left.
RIC 619 [R]; BMC 1272; Cohen 686; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 126:42
ex The New York Sale XX jan 2009; ex Gorny & Mosch, Auction 147 lot 2159, March 2006
In A.D. 143, Antoninus Pius appointed kings for the Armenians and the Quadi and dedicated separate issues for both events.
3 commentsCharles S
Rep_AR-Den_L_Iulius_XVI_L_IVLI_ROMA_Crawford-224-1_Syd-443_Rome_141-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_18-19mm_3,35g-s.jpg
143 B.C., L. Iulius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 224/1, Rome, L•IVLI/ ROMA, Dioscuri galloping right, #1276 views143 B.C., L. Iulius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 224/1, Rome, L•IVLI/ ROMA, Dioscuri galloping right, #1
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, behind XVI, border of dots.
reverse: Dioscuri galloping right, L•IVLI (VL ligate) below, in ex. ROMA.
exergue: L•IVLI//ROMA, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 141 B.C., ref: Crawford 224/1, Sydenham 443, Julia 1.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Rep_AR-Den_L_Iulius_XVI_L_IVLI_ROMA_Crawford-224-1_Syd-443_Rome_141-BC_Q-002_axis-6h_18,5-19mm_3,82g-s.jpg
143 B.C., L. Iulius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 224/1, Rome, L•IVLI/ ROMA, Dioscuri galloping right, #286 views143 B.C., L. Iulius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 224/1, Rome, L•IVLI/ ROMA, Dioscuri galloping right, #2
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, behind XVI, border of dots.
reverse: Dioscuri galloping right, L•IVLI (VL ligate) below, in ex. ROMA.
exergue: L•IVLI//ROMA, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 3,82g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 141 B.C., ref: Crawford 224/1, Sydenham 443, Julia 1.,
Q-002
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144 Constantine II16 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex: .MHT(epsilon).
hill132
1034_P_Hadrian_RPC1441.jpg
1441 Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 128 AD Hadrian standing32 viewsReference.
RPC III 1441; Metcalf Type 92, 35; RIC 532.

Obv. IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Head of Augustus right

Rev. HADRIANVS AVG P P REN
Hadrian togate standing half-l. holding grain stalk in r. and wrapping l. in toga.

10.31 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
Restitution issue under Hadrian
3 commentsokidoki
954_P_Hadrian_RPC1441.jpg
1441A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 128 AD Hadrian standing36 viewsReference.
unpublished; RPC III, 1441var. on reverse legend; RIC 532 var.; C. 576 var. (Augustus); Metcalf, Cistophori of Hadrian 92 var.

Person Augustus (under Hadrian) (Divus)

Obv. IMP CAESAR AVGVSTVS
Head of Augustus r.

Rev. HADRIANVS AVGGVSTVS REN (sic)
Hadrian togate standing half-left, holding grain stalk in right and roll in left in toga.

9.89 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Restitution issue under Hadrian

Peus auction 420 lot 305
Sammlung Dr. Neussel Nr. 385
3 commentsokidoki
heraclea20.jpg
145 Constantine II12 viewsobv: DN FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l. holding scepter and mappa
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with three turrents no star
ex:-.//SMH(epsilon)
hill132
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAESS_TACrescentRL_RIC-VII-289_3rd-off_-7-B4l__C-_Arles_325-6-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_19,5mm_3,09g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!114 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, Scarce!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//TAᴗRL, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,09g, axis: 0h,
mint: Arleate, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 289, p-265, 3rd-off, Scarce,
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_VIRTVS-CAESS_TACrescentRL_RIC-VII-294_3rd-off_-7-B4l__C-_Arles_294-p-265_325-6-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 294, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,73 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 294, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TAᴗRL, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate, four turrets, open doors, star above 9th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//TAᴗRL, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Arleate, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 294, p-265,
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_VIRTVS-CAESS_S-F_ARLT_RIC-VII-315_Arles_327-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 315, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLT, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,119 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 315, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLT, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets,
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate, four turrets, open doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers.
exergue: S/F//ARLT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Arleate, date: 327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 315, p-265,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES___CONS_RIC-VII-27-var_3rd-off_-7-B4-not-listed-bust_Costantinoplis_327-8-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,55g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VII 020, AE-3 Follis, Γ/-//CONS, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!174 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Constantinopolis, RIC VII 020, AE-3 Follis, Γ/-//CONS, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th levels of stone layers, Γ in left fields.
exergue: Γ/-//CONS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 327 AD., ref: RIC VII 020, p-572, 3rd-off, R3 !!!
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_DN-FL-CL-CONSTANTINVS-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES__SMHDelta_RIC-VII-46_p-547_Heraclea_316-17-AD_R4_Q-001_6h_18mm_2,97g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 046, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, R4!!! #162 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 046, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, Campgate with three turrets, R4!!! #1
avers: D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, (7, J1l.), Laureate, draped bust left, globe and sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with three turrets, no doors, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//•SMHΔ, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: 6h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 046, p-547, R4!!!,
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_SMHGamma_RIC-VII-77_p-551_Heraclea_325-6-AD_R1_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #164 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΓ, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 077, p-551,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-II__AE3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_SMHA_RIC-VII-77_p-551_Heraclea_325-6-AD_R1_Q-001_5h_19-17,5mm_2,79ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R1! #163 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 077, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHA, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R1! #1
avers: CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, 8 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHA, diameter: 19-17,5mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 5h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 077, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_RwreathT_RIC-VII-288_p-330_Roma_326-AD_R2_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//R wreath T, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #165 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 289, AE-3 Follis, -/-//R wreath T, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, (7, B4l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th. levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//R wreath T, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 289, p-330,
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_ESIS-CrescinCresc_RIC-VII-216_p-452_Siscia_328-29-AD_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, #165 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 216, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, 7, B1, Laureate, head right.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 10th levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//ЄSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 216, p-551, 3rd-off, R1!
Q-001
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Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES_ANT___RIC-VII-_p-__-AD__Q-001_11h_19-20mm_3,28gx-s.jpg
145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 157, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #167 views145 Constantinus II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Thessalonica, RIC VII 157, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMTSΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, #1
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate, two turrets, no doors, star above 6th. levels of stone layers.
exergue: -/-//SMTSΔ, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 11h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 326-328 A.D., ref: RIC VII 157, p-519,
Q-001
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145_Constantinus_II_,_Siscia,_RIC_VII_126,__#915;,_AE-3,_CONSTANTINVS_IVN_NOB_C,_VIRTVS_EXERCIT,_VOT_X,_S-F-HL,__#915;SISstar,_321-4-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_18,5mm,_3,05g-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 126, AE-3 Follis, S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives, R2!!!186 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 126, AE-3 Follis, S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives, R2!!!
avers: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate bust left wearing the imperial mantle, holding Victory on globe and mappa.
reverse: VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT X with two bound captives seated to left and right of its base. S in left field, F over HL (ligate) in right field.
exergue: S/F/HL//ΓSIS*, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,05g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 321-324 A.D., ref: RIC VII 126, R2!!!,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
heraclea21.jpg
146 Constantine II14 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur, drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: */SMH(delta)
hill132
146.jpg
146 Flavius Victor. AE4 1.3gm25 viewsobv: DN FL VIC_TOR PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: SPES RO_MA_NORVM campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMAQP
1 commentshill132
147_B_C_,_C_Terrentius_Lucanus_AR-Denarius,_Roma_right_Victory,_X,_behind,_C_TER_LVC,_Dioscuri_ROMA_in_ex,_Cr-217-1,_Syd_425_Q-001_0h_18-19mm_3,92g-s.jpg
147 B.C. C.Terrentius Lucanus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 217/1, Rome, C•TER•LVC (TE ligate), Dioscuri galloping right, #1118 views147 B.C. C.Terrentius Lucanus, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 217/1, Rome, C•TER•LVC (TE ligate), Dioscuri galloping right, #1
avers: Helmeted head of Roma right, behind Victory with wreath and X, border of dots.
reverse: Dioscuri galloping right, C•TER•LVC (TE ligate) below, in ex. ROMA.
exergue: C•TER•LVC//ROMA, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,92g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 147 B.C., ref: Crawford 217/1, Sydenham 425, Terentia 10.,
Q-001
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147 Constantine II10 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur.drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMHr
hill132
Constantius-II_RIC-VII-316_Arleate_11h_18,3mm_2,73g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 316, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLQ, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets and wide open doors,126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Arleate, RIC VII 316, AE-3 Follis, S/F//ARLQ, VIRTVS CAESS, Campgate with four turrets and wide open doors,
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: VIRTVS CAES S, Campgate with four turrets, wide open doors, star above, 6 layers of stones, the open doors have dots.
exergue: S/F//ARLQ, diameter: 18,3mm, weight: 2,73g, axis: 11h,
mint: Arleate, date: 327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 316, p-268, 4th.-off.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-3_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_6layer_SMKGamma_RIC-VII-27-p-647_3rd_off__Cyzicus_324-5-AD_R2_Q-001_5h_17-19,5mm_3,01ga-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!69 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKΓ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R2!!
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMKΓ, diameter: 17,0-19,5mm, weight: 3,01g, axis:5h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 324-325 A.D., ref: RIC VII 027, p-647, 3rd.-off., R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_7lay_SMKB-dot_RIC-VII-38-p649_2nd_off__Cyzicus_325-6-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18mm_2,67g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKB•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1196 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Cyzicus, RIC VII 038, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMKB•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4-l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMKB•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,67g, axis: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, date: 325-326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 038, p-649, 2nd.-off., c1,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_6layer_SMHDelta_RIC-VII-78-p-551_4th_off__Heracleia_325-6-AD_S_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 078, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #165 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 078, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΔ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΔ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 078, p-551,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_B4-l__PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S_5layer_SMHGamma-dot_RIC-VII-84-p-552_3rd_off__Heracleia_326-AD_c1_Q-001_11h_19mm_3,75g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 084, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #166 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Heraclea, RIC VII 084, AE-3 Follis, -/-//SMHΓ•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 5 layers of stones.
exergue: -/-//SMHΓ•, diameter: 1,0mm, weight: 3,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 326 A.D., ref: RIC VII 084, p-552, 3rd.-off., c1,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silvered_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-7_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l__dot-epsilon-SIS-dot_RIC-203_5th_-off_-R3_C-x_Siscia_326-327-AD__Q-001_18mm_2,67g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!! 92 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, R3!!!
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 6 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//•ЄSIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,67g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 AD., ref: RIC VII 203, p-450, 5th.-off., R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_-9lay_dor-Delta-SIS-dot_RIC-VII-203-p-450_4th_off_Siscia_326-27AD_Q-001_0h_mm_gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #166 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 203, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ΔSIS•, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//•ΔSIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 326-327 A.D., ref: RIC VII 203, p-450, 4th.-off.,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis-silv_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4l_9lay_Delta-SIS-Cresincres_RIC-VII-217-p452_4th_off_Siscia_328-9AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_3,12g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1210 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 9 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 217, p-452, 4th.-off., c3,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-Follis_FL-IVL-CONSTANTIVS-NOB-C-8_PROVIDEN-TIAE-CAES-S-B4-l_-9lay_Delta-SIS-Crescincresc_RIC-VII-217-p452_4th_off_Siscia_328-29AD_Q-002_axis-0h_19mm_2,73g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1110 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 217, AE-3 Follis, -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, PROVIDENTIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, #1
avers: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, 8, B4l., Laureate, draped and cuirassed head left.
reverse: PROVIDEN TIAE CAES S, Campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, 7 layers of stones, upper and downer layer with dots.
exergue: -/-//ΔSISᴗ in ᴗ, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 328-329 A.D., ref: RIC VII 217, p-452, 4th.-off., c3,
Q-001
quadrans
heraclea23.jpg
148 Constantine II 13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMHr
hill132
heraclea24.jpg
149 Cnstantine II11 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: SMHB.
hill132
11719861_992209754146408_469386558_n.jpg
150 Antoninus Pius22 viewsAE As.
ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P XXII, Laureate head right, COS - IIII, Togate figure standing left on pedestal in arched shrine, S C in ex
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
heraclea25.jpg
150 Constantius II8 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust l.
rev: PROVIDEN_TIAE CAESS campgate with two turrents star above
ex: ./SMHB
hill132
1526_-_1530_Henry_VIII_AR_Halfgroat.JPG
1509 - 1547, HENRY VIII, AR Half-groat, Struck 1515 - 1530 at York, England under Archbishop Thomas (Cardinal) Wolsey4 viewsObverse: HENRIC•VIII•D•G•R•AGL•Z•F•. Youthful profile crowned bust of Henry VIII facing right within circle of pellets. Mint-mark: Voided cross.
Reverse: CIVITAS EBORACI. Shield bearing coat-of-arms on cross fourchée; T - W in upper field divided by shield; galero (cardinal's hat) below.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gm | Die Axis: 8
Virtually uncirculated but with a dark, almost black, tone
SPINK: 2346

The T W on the reverse of this coin refers to Thomas Wolsey, known to posterity as Cardinal Wolsey, one of the most powerful figures at the court of Henry VIII. Although this coin is undated, the issue of Henry VIII's second coinage only began in 1526 and so, since Cardinal Wolsey died in 1530, it must have been struck between those two dates.

Cardinal Wolsey
When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509 he appointed Thomas Wolsey to the post of Almoner, a position that gave him a seat on the Privy Council and an opportunity for establishing a personal rapport with the King to such an extent that by 1514 Wolsey had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state. In 1515, he was awarded the title Archbishop of York and this, followed by his appointment that same year as Cardinal by Pope Leo X, gave him precedence over all other English clerics. His ecclesiastical power advanced even further in 1523 when the Bishop of Durham, a post with wide political powers, was added to his titles.
After Wolsey attained the position of Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser, he had achieved more power than any other Crown servant in English history and during his fourteen years of chancellorship Wolsey, who was often alluded to as an alter rex (other king), used his power to neutralise the influence of anyone who might threaten his position..
In spite of having made many enemies, Cardinal Wolsey retained Henry VIII's confidence until, in 1527, the King decided to seek an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. Henry asked Wolsey to negotiate the annulment with the Pope and in 1528 the Pope decided to allow two papal legates, Wolsey himself and Cardinal Campeggio, to decide the outcome in England. Wolsey was confident of the outcome, but Campeggio took a long time to arrive, and then he delayed proceedings so much, that the case had to be suspended and the Pope decided that the official decision should therefore be made in Rome and not in England.
After his failure to negotiate the annulment, Wolsey fell out of favour with Henry and in 1529 he was stripped of his government office and property, including the magnificent Palace of Hampton Court, which Henry took as his own main London residence.
Wolsey was however permitted to retain the title of Archbishop of York and so he travelled to Yorkshire, for the first time in his career, to carry out those duties.
Now that he was no longer protected by Henry, Wolsey's enemies, including it is rumoured, Ann Boleyn, conspired against him and Henry had him arrested and recalled to London to answer to charges of treason. But Wolsey, now in great distress, fell ill on the journey back to the capital and at Leicester, on 29 November 1530, aged about 57, he died from natural causes before he could be beheaded.
*Alex
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