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Caracalla  198-217 A.D. Denarius RSC302 RIC251.JPG
45 viewsOBV: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM
REV: P.M.TR.P.XVIII.COS.IIII.P.P.
Aesculapius standing front head left holding serpent-entwined wand, globe on ground right......R.S.C 302 R.I.C 251
1 commentsnigel nicholson
DOMIZIAN-4.jpg
25 viewsDOMITIAN - Dupondius - 86 AD.
Obv: IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XII CENS PER P P. Radiate head right.
Rev: S C - Shields crossed in front of vexillum.
Gs. 9,7 mm. 27
Cohen 538, RIC 329
Maxentius
00170-Macrinus.JPG
126 viewsMacrinus Denarius
20 mm 3.05 gm
O: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG
Bust draped and cuirassed right.
R: FIDES MILITVM PRINC IVVENTVTI
Fides standing front, head right, right foot on helmet, holding standard in each hand.
2 commentsJohn Campbell
Philip_I_front_Roma_back_B_.jpg
50 viewsPHILIP I. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE - Roma sitting left, holding Victory and scepter.
2 commentspaul1888
Roma_front_ionic_column_back_B_.jpg
51 viewsC. Augurinus, ca 135 B.C., Denarius.
Obverse: Roam right, X beneath chin.
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue flanked by togate and grain ears.
EX: Laurion Numismatics Winter 1992 fixed price list - the first coin I purchased from a fixed price list.
3 commentspaul1888
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_rev_04_cut.JPG
44 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Reverse, cut.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
rexesq
rome_AD232_AE-sestertius_mars-ultor_ANACS-VF20_rev_01.JPG
52 viewsSeverus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Reverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
rexesq
rome_AD232_AE-sestertius_mars-ultor_ANACS-VF20_obv_01.JPG
68 viewsSeverus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Obverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
1 commentsrexesq
rome_AD232_AE-sestertius_mars-ultor_ANACS-VF20_opened_obv_01-rev_01.JPG
200 viewsSeverus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Obverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.

**Photo w/ Flash
---
-
rexesq
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_rev_03_cut.JPG
123 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Reverse, cut.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
--------------------------
Fantastic 'MARS ULTOR' reverse!
rexesq
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_rev_03.JPG
182 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Reverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
--------------------------
Fantastic 'MARS ULTOR' reverse!!
1 commentsrexesq
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_obv_06.JPG
29 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Obverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
1 commentsrexesq
rome_sestertius_ANACS-VF-20_obv_05.JPG
25 viewsEmperor Severus Alexander. AD232. AE Sestertius. Obverse.

obv: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG - Laureate bust right, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MARS VLTOR - Mars with spear and shield in the 'Ready-for-Action' position.
'S C' to either side of Mars.

22.3 grams.
rexesq
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_647.jpg
27 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE As
24.8 mm, 9.1 grams
OBV: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right
REV: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing front, head left, holding corn ears over modius and anchor.
S-C in field
RIC- IVb- 647
ziggy9
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_500.jpg
23 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
Sestertius 230 A.D.
31.1 mm, 24.5 grams

OBV: IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate bust right.
REV: P M TR P VIIII COS III P P, Sol radiate standing front, head left, raising right hand and holding whip. S-C in field
RIC-IVb-500
ziggy9
julia_mamaea_ric_IVb_335.jpg
19 viewsJULIA MAMAEA
AR Denarius
20 mm, 3.2 grams

OBV: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed & draped bust right REV: FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing front, head left, legs crossed, holding caduceus & leaning left arm on column.
RIC-IVb- 335
ziggy9
Fr#1251-Front.jpg
5 viewsSpongeBob
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
Tripura_RB-136.jpg
17 viewsTripura, Udaya Manikya, Tanka, 11.16g, Sk 1489, citing Queen Hira, as previous lot, but border of arches on the obverse points right rather than left, no bead in front of lion, none of the date behind lion's back leg; reverse legend arranged slightly differently: Śri Śri Yutoda/ya Manikya/ Deva Śri Hi/ra Maha Devyau (RB. 136; KM. 79)SpongeBob
CT-20_Front.jpg
6 viewsQuant.Geek
IMG_2767.JPG
34 viewsAE Onkia, 2.11 g, Sicily, Panormos, ca. 415-380 B.C. Obv: Forepart of Man-headed bull facing left, possibly ear of corn above or simply an encrustation divided from the man-faced bull by the tooler, in which case SYS should be above. Rev: Horse trotting right, ear of corn above. Calciati I, 272, no. 11. Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti "Monete, Storia e topografia della Sicilia Greca," p. 344 (this coin); MSP I, 48b (this coin illustrated).

Definite tooling around the major devices, on the legs and back. Face apparently untouched though field in front has been smoothed.

Ex. Dr. Busso-Peus, Auction 386, No. 108 (unsold). Tooled.
2 commentsMolinari
Severus_Alexander_sestertius.jpg
50 viewsSeverus Alexander 222-235 AD. Sestertius (AE; 29mm; 24.53g; 12h) AD 231-235 IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander to right. Rev. PROV[ID]ENTIA AVG / S – C Providentia draped, standing front, head left, holding in right hand corn-ears over modius filled with corn-ears and, in left, cornucopiae. Almost extremely fine. Nice brown patina. Heavy and round flan. Well centered.
BMCRE VI p. 201, 881; C. 503; RIC IV, II p. 121, 642.
Ex Münchner Münzhandlung K. Kress 122, Munich 30 May 1962,1292.
2 commentspaul1888
Tiberius_Prov_Bilibis_2.jpg
3 Tiberius 32 viewsTiberius
AE As, Turiaso, Spain

TI CAESAR AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP / II VIR in oak wreath, MVN TVRIASO MN SVLP LVCAN M SEMP FRONT

RPC.413, H.22
RI0052
Sosius
clsud478.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.25 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
Gordian_III_7.jpg
1 Gordian III23 viewsGordian III
AR Ant 4.4g

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate and draped bust right.

R: LIBERALITAS AVG III, Liberalitas standing front, head left, holding abacus & cornucopiae.

RIC IV-3 67; Cohen 142; Sear (5) 8621
Sosius
Gordian_RIC_71.jpg
1 Gordian III23 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing front, head left, in military dress, holding branch and spear, shield resting against right foot

RIC IV-3 71; Cohen 388; Sear (5) 8669
Sosius
Gordian_RIC_71_no_2.jpg
1 Gordian III16 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing front, head left, in military dress, holding branch and inverted spear, shield resting against right foot

RIC IV-3 71 (var. due to inverted spear?); Cohen 388; Sear (5) 8669
Sosius
Gordian_III_RSC_216.jpg
1 Gordian III12 viewsAR Antoninianus
Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and transverse sceptre

RIC IV-3 68; Cohen 216; Sear 8637
Sosius
Gordian_III_Ant_1.jpg
1 Gordian III18 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
1 commentsSosius
Gordian_III_RSC_105.jpg
1 Gordian III10 viewsGordian III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
238-239 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

R: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing front, with head left, thunderbolt in right hand, over Emperor standing left

RIC IV-3 2; Sear (5) 8614
Sosius
Gordian_III_RIC_37.jpg
1 Gordian III15 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor, standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and wand

RIC IV-3 37: Cohen 210; Sear 5 8637
Sosius
Trajan_Den_RIC_343.jpg
14 Trajan Denarius19 viewsTRAJAN
AR Denarius.
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate draped bust right / P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae.
RSC 278, RIC 343, sear5 #3150
RI0117
Sosius
Caracalla_RIC_222.jpg
25 Caracalla15 viewsCARACALLA
AR Denarius, 210-213 AD.

ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right / MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear & shield

Sear 6818, RIC 222, RSC 149, BMC 81 VF
Sosius
Caracalla_and_Geta.jpg
25 Caracalla and Geta32 viewsCaracalla & Geta
AE28 Pentassarion of Markianopolis. Magistrate Flavius Ulpianus.

AV K M AV ANTWNINOC AV K L CEP GETAC. Confronted laureate draped busts / V FL OULPIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, draped bust of Serapis right, E to left.

Moushmov 464
Sosius
Macrinus_Sby_2965.jpg
27 Macrinus19 viewsMACRINUS
AR Tetradrachm of Phoenicia, Tyre. AD 217-8. (11g, 25.6mm)

AYT K M OP CE MAKPINOC CE, laureate bust right, with drapery at front of truncation / DHMAPX EX YPATOC PP, eagle standing on club facing, head left, murex shell between legs.

Prieur 1555
Sosius
Sev_Alex_SGI_3390_.jpg
30 Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea29 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAMAEA
AE27, Edessa, Mesopotamia

Confronting portraits of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea / City-goddess seated left, holding small temple; River-god swimming beneath her

SGI 3390
Sosius
rjb_2016_12_03.jpg
819 viewsDomitian 81-96 AD
AE as
Obv "IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TRP VIII CENS PER PP"
Laureate bust left
Rev "COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC SC"
Emperor left sacrificing in front of temple with two musicians right
Rome mint
RIC 385b
mauseus
rjb_tra1_08_06.jpg
9836 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD
AE sestertius
Obv "IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP"
Laureate bust left
Rev "SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI SC"
Emperor on horseback right spearing Dacian in front of horse
Rome mint
RIC 535
mauseus
55535q00.jpg
AHG 272 . The Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Salonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.23 viewsSalonina, August 254 - c. September 268 A.D.
Billon antoninianus . 2.763g, 20.1mm, 0o, Syrian mint, 258 - 260 A.D.
Obverse : CORN SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind
Reverse : CONCORDIA AVGG, emperor and empress standing confronted, clasping hands
Göbl MIR 1691p (Samosata), SRCV III 10630 (uncertain Syrian mint), RIC V 63 (Antioch), Cohen 31, AHG 272 (this coin)
From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus . Ex Forum
Vladislav D
IMG_2850.JPG
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 86 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
vrbs1s.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 187 Thessalonica, AE 324 viewsObverse:VRBS ROMA, Helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak. Plume on front of helmet.
Reverse:She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, O on wolf's shoulder, 2 stars above.
Mintmark SMTS epsilon, 16.1 mm., 2.5 g.
Ref: RIC VII Thessalonica 187

Notes: This variation with O on wolf's shoulder
NORMAN K
cc249.jpg
City Commemorative, RIC VII 249 Siscia18 viewsObverse: VRBS ROMA: helmeted bust of Roma wearing imperial cloak, plume on front of helmet.
Reverse: no legend. She wolf standing left suckling the twins Romulus and Remus. 2 stars above.
Mintmark SIS Siscia, 18.55 mm., 2.0 g.
Ref: RIC VII 249
NORMAN K
dcl.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE.20 viewsBronze Antoninianus, Minister 478
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, garlanded altar with flames above, no decoration on front. 16.7 mm., 1.8 g.
Note: Although a variation of this coin is in the RIC and Cohen, these sources generally refer to the type with a front divided into four sections (RIC 261). This type of garlanded altar, lit altar was not described and published until the discovery of the Minister Hoard, discovered after RIC was written.
NORMAN K
Commodus_2_RIC_15.jpg
Commodus Denarius A.D. 181 RIC 15, RSC 805 40 viewsM COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right / TR P VI IMP IIII COS III PP, Felicitas standing front with caduceus & sceptre.
Maximum Diameter: 17.9 mm
Weight: 2.58 g
1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
constantine261.jpg
Constantine I AE3, RIC VII 261 Siscia 306-337 CE 21 viewsObverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, Rosette diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, Two Soldiers standing to the front, their heads turned inward at standard, both holding a spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: ASIS (star) Siscia mint: 335-336 = RIC VII, 261 17.1 mm., 1.5 g.
NORMAN K
sia_067.JPG
EAGLE, GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. 76 views GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. Choice
ROMAN PROVINCES - THRACE, ANCHIALUS
GORDIAN III, Emperor, AD 238-244
GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA
AE27 (Copper, 13.02 grams, 26.50 mm).
Obverse: Greek legend: AVT K M AN GORDIANOC CAV CAB / TPANKVLLI/NA Their two draped busts confronted.
Reverse: Greek legend: OVLPIANWN ANXIALEVN Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt with open wings, head right, holding wreath in its beak. Reference: Sear GIC -, BMC # 21 page 86.

6500
2 commentsAntonio Protti
38220.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm.50 views
Egypt, Alexandria. Domitian. A.D. 81-96. AE drachm (34.7 mm, 23.61 g, 11 h). Alexandria mint, Struck A.D. 95/6. [AVT KAIC ΘЄ] OVIOC ΔOMIT [CЄB ΓЄPM], laureate head of Domitian right / Frontal elevation of triumphal arch; L - IE ( yr. 15 = A.D. 95/6 ). Emmett 257.15. Near VF / VF, very dark green smooth patina. Scarce (Emmett "frequency" 2).
From the D. Thomas Collection; Wz Group CEM; Ex Walter Niggeler Collection; Ex Bank Leu/Munzen und Medallien.
3 commentsAncient Aussie
hon403.jpg
Honorius RIC 403 Cyzicus41 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORIUS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star in left field.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Honorius and Theodosius II standing facing, heads confronted, each holding a spear vertically in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield. The emperor on the right is slightly smaller than the other.
SMK in ex. Cyzicus 15.24 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
19700.jpg
Kroisos, Lydia22 viewsLydian Kingdom. Kroisos. Ca. 564/53-550/39 B.C. AR 1/12 stater (7 mm, 0.80 g). Sardes mint. Confronted foreparts of lion, on left, and bull, in right / Incuse square punch. Berk 26-7; SNG Kayhan 1020-1; Traité I 413. VF, toned.ecoli
ZomboDroid_16092019093042.jpg
Maximinus II, as Caesar, 305-309. AE Follis. 27mm // 7,36g. Heraclea, 305-306.8 viewsObv.GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES Laureate head of Maximinus II to right.

Rev. GENIO CAESARIS/ HTD Genius, nude but for chlamys over his left shoulder, standing front, head to left, holding patera, from which liquor flows, in his right hand and a cornucopiae with his left
Canaan
OMKARA.jpg
Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (Omkara)16 viewsSilver drachm of the Paramaras of Malwa, c. 1150 - 1300 CE (12MM / 4.32 gr)
Mint- Omkara Mandhata Monastery, Malwa;
Obverse: Degenerated Indo-Sasanian style bust, Brahmi letter "ja" in left field, circle in front of bust .
Reverse: Crude fire altar with legend Sri Omkara on shaft.
MNI 436-440
Paul R3
IMG_2204_-_____.JPG
Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais Valerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 2664 viewsValerian I. 253-260 AD. AE 26 . Phoenicia, Akko-Ptolemais.
Obv: IMP C P L - [VALERIANVS] AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rx: COL - P - T - OL Sacred tree between serpents rising from two altars or baskets; to right, winged caduceus. Rare: this type missing in BM, Lindgren, Berk photofile, and Wildwinds. CoinArchives includes a specimen from the same reverse die, but with radiate portrait on obverse: Heritage 357, Long Beach, 9 September 2004, lot 12092. Cohen 374 (de Saulcy Collection). Adjustment marks on obverse.
1 commentsMaritima
greek8.jpg
Sardes,Lydia Ae 1514 viewsBMC Lydia p.248,85 / 117-192AD
obv: dia.drp.bust of Zeus Lydios r.
obv: young Herakles std. front head l. resting r.
on club. lion skin on l. arm
hill132
valentinianii20.jpg
Valentinian II, AE2, Arles, Ric 20, 378-383 CE.21 viewsObverse: DN VALENTINIANVS IVN PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: REPARATIO REIPVB, Emperor standing front, offering hand to kneeling woman, on left hand he holds a globe with Victory on top
PCON in ex. Arles mint, 23.3 mm, 4.6 g.
NORMAN K
valentinianii37.jpg
Valentinian II, AE2, Thessalonica RIC 37b17 viewsObverse: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG, diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: REPARATIO REIPVB, Emperor standing front, offering hand to kneeling woman, on left-hand he holds a globe with Victor on top.
SMTS in ex, Thessalonica mint. 23.8mm, 4.3g.
NORMAN K
186.jpg
Г (incised)405 viewsPISIDIA. Ariassus. Julia Mamaea. Ć 25. A.D. 222-235. Obv: IOVΛIAMA-MEAC(EB...). Diademed and draped bust right; Incises countermark before. Rev: (A)PIACC(EΩN). Dioscuri standing naked, each infront of a horse, holding a spear; above star in crescent. Ref: BMC -; SNG France (3) -; SNG Aul -. Axis: 195°. Weight: 9.29 g. CM: Г (incised), incuse, 4 x 6 mm. Howgego 778 (11 pcs). Collection Automan.Automan
00011x00~0.jpg
21 viewsROME
PB Tessera (15mm, 6.63 g, 12h)
Griffin standing right, raising front paw
LST
Rostovtsev –

Remarkably, Rostovtsev does not record any tesserae with a griffin.
1 commentsArdatirion
00069x00.jpg
39 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera (21mm, 4.14 g, 4 h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Confronted busts of Antinous, draped and wearing hem-hem crown, and Isis, draped and wearing headdress; [L] B flanking
Nilus reclining left on hippopatumus, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Milne, Memphis p. 115; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln 3569-70; Rostovtsev & Prou 665-6; Roma 6 (29 September 2013), lot 923-4
Ardatirion
00008x00~3.jpg
13 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Confronted busts, the right bearded; star above
Serapis standing left, holding transverse scepter and raising hand
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
00009x00~1.jpg
14 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera
Two confronted peacocks standing on urn
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia and reeds
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
capricorn_tessera.jpg
44 viewsUNCERTAIN
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.45 g)
Capricorn right, cornucopia over shoulder; above, head right, confronted Є's below
Blank
Apparently unpublished
Ardatirion
richard1-denier-rouen.JPG
Richard I: denier au fronton (Rouen)12 viewsRichard I, duke of Normandy (943-996)
Denier au fronton (Rouen, circa 960-980)

Silver, 1.17 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 3 h
A/ +RICΛRDVS I ; cross pattée with four pellets around
R/ ROTOMΛGVS ; temple with a pointed pediment, on top of it a small cross interrupts the legend. Below, an X with four pellets around, and a dash below
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa36 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
hadrian_bery_c.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN14 views117 - 138 AD
AE 22 mm, 10.05 g
O: IMP CAES TRAI HADRIANVS AVG P, laureate, draped bust right.
R: COL BER beneath two confronted legionary eagles, all within wreath
Phoenicia, Berytos (Berytus) Mint; BMC: 93
laney
m_aurel_apollo_philippop.jpg
(0161) MARCUS AURELIUS (as Caesar)12 views161 - 180 Augustus
struck 139-161 AD as Caesar
Ć 25 mm, 8.56 g
O: Draped bust right
R: Nude Apollo standing to front, holding branch in left hand and patera over lighted altar with right.
Thrace, Philippopolis
cf. Varbanov 807, 808 (var.), Moushmov 5128 v.
d.s.
laney
M_AUREL_HILAR_RES3.jpg
(0161)MARCUS AURELIUS, as Caesar27 views161 - 180 ad) (as Augustus)
138 - 161 (as Caesar)
Struck 145 AD, as Caesar under Antoninus Pius
AE As 26 mm 10.01 g
O: AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS II, bare head r.
Rome, cf. RIC 1260
R: HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing front, head l., with palm and cornucopia; in field S - C.
laney
sept_sev_dionys_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS29 views193 - 211 AD
AE 26 mm 9.84 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
R: Dionysos standing front, head left, with raised left hand on ribboned thyrsos and
pouring from kantharos with right hand;
panther at lower left (?)
Moesia Inferior, Nikopolis ad Istrum

laney
helio_jup_temple_res.jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS34 views193 - 211 AD
AE 24 mm; 9.36 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus, viewed in perspective from above; numerous columns and flight of steps in front
Syria, Heliopolis; cf. SNG Cop 429; SNG München 1031
laney
caracalla_domna_conf_serapis.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA22 views198-217 AD
Ć 28 mm; 10.74 g
Struck 215 AD
(Quintilianus, consular legate)
O: Confronted busts of Caracalla right, laureate, and Julia Domna left, draped
R:Draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; Є (denomination mark) before.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis; ref. Hristova & Jekov 6.19.6.4; Moushmov 476; AMNG 658 v.
laney
carac_julia_homon_markian.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA & JULIA DOMNA26 views198 - 217 AD
struck 211-217 AD
AE 28 mm, 11.60 g
O: Confronting busts of Caracalla and his mother Julia Domna
R: Homonoia standing left, holding cornucopia and sacrifcing from patera over flaming altar
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG 677 v.
laney
carh_cara_geta_b_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA AND GETA51 viewsca. 208 - 211 AD
AE 18.7mm, 4.45 g
O: confronted busts of laureate, draped, cuirassed Caracalla, on left: and bare-headed, draped Geta, on right.
R: star of eight rays within crescent, legend around crescent
Mesopotamia, Carrhae mint; cf. BMC p. 87, 45-8; SNG Cop -; Weber -; McClean -; very rare
laney
sep_car_temp_b_resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA and SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 37 views198-217 AD
Struck ca. 208 AD (on the tenth anniversary of Caracalla's reign)
AE 23 mm; 10.04 g
O: [IMPP CAESS SEVER ANT AVGG], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus, seen from behind, to left, facing bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla, seen from behind, to right. (confronted busts)
R: [DECENNALES ANTONINI COS III /] COL BER, tetrastyle temple, with stairs from front, containing Astarte facing, crowned by Nike standing on column.
Berytus, Phoenicia; cf BMC 70.122-71.129; Sear GIC 2302, SNG Righetti 2246. Rare
laney
augustus_dena.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS74 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 2 BC - 4 AD
AR DENARIUS 3.81 g
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Laureate head of Augustus, right
R: C L CAESARES, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT Togate figures of Gaius and Lucius standing facing, holding spear and shield between them. Lituus on left, facing right; and simpulum on right, facing left
Lugdunum, RIC (I) 210.
(this is the scarcer mirror-image version of this reverse type, and shows the lituus on the left; and Gaius, with his shield in front of Lucius’ shield and the ladle by his head on the right)

3 commentslaney
mac_diad_snake~0.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS & DIADUMENIAN51 viewsAE 26.5 mm, 10.790 g
11 APRIL 217 - 8 JUNE 218 AD
O: AYKOPPEL CEYH MAKPEINOC K MOPPEA ANTWNEINOC
LAUR HEAD OF MACRINUS R FACING BARE-HEAD OF DIADUMENIAN L (confronted busts)
R:YPPONTIANOY MARKIANOPOLEITWN
SNAKE IN FOUR COILS WITH HEAD ERECT, E LEFT
Hristova/Jekov No.6.24.22.1
MARCIANOPOLIS MINT, VARBANOV VOL I p.144, 1214; SNG COP 226
laney
mac_dia.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS AND DIADUMENIAN44 views217 - 218 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27 mm 12.62 g
O: AYKMOPEA MAKREINOC KM OPEA ANTWNEINOC
LAUREATE HEAD OF MACRINUS R FACING BARE-HEAD OF DIADUMENIAN L (confronted busts)
R: VR PONTIANOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN LEFT FIELD
SERAPIS STANDING LEFT HOLDING SCEPTER
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
mac_diad_nemesis_mark_b.jpg
(0217) MACRINUS and DIADUMENIAN54 views217-218 AD
AE pentassarion 26 mm; 10.86 g
O: AYT K OΠEΛ CEVH MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC Confronted heads of laureate Macrinus right and bare-headed Diadumenian left.
R: VΠ AΓPIΠΠOY MAPKIANOΠOLEITΩN Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing left, scales held out in right hand in front, cornucopia in left arm behind, wheel at feet in front. E in lower left field.
Markianopolis in Moesia Inferior; Hristova/Jekov (2011) 6.24.35.7
d.s.
1 commentslaney
elag_maesa_dionys.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA31 views218 - 225 AD
Ć 5 Assaria. 26 mm; 8.99 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Dionysos standing left, holding thyrsus and pouring wine from kantharos; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis)
Varbanov 1623; Pick 953
laney
elagab_maesa_bon_event.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa35 views218 – 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand; in left field retrograde E /WN in ligature.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis);
AMNG 949; not in Hristova/Jekov (2014), not in Pfeiffer (2013)
[reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_hermes_mark.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & JULIA MAESA43 views218 - 222 AD
AE Pentassarion 27 mm, 11.85 g
(Julius Antonius Seleucus, consular legate)
O: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVΓ IOVΛIA MAICA AVΓ.
Laureate and cuirassed bust of Elagabal right, facing draped bust of Julia Maesa left. (confronted busts)
d.s.
R: YΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN.
Hermes standing left, holding purse and caduceus, resting with elbow on column; E in right field.
MOESIA INFERIOR. Marcianopolis; cf. Varbanov 1612
d.s.
1 commentslaney
elagab_maesa_bonus_eventus_r.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS & Julia Maesa9 views218 – 222 AD
AE 28 mm, 13.18 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
R: Naked Bonus Eventus standing left holding patera in right hand and two grain ears in left hand;
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis (Marcianopolis); ?retrograde E to left?
cf AMNG 949 [reverse is described in AMNG 949 as: "Genius (Bonus Eventus")]
laney
elagab_maesa_zeus_r.jpg
(0218) Elagabalus, with Julia Maesa11 viewsAD 218-222. (Julius Antonius Seleucus, legatus consularis)
AE Pentassarian 27 mm, 8.95 g
O: Confronted busts of Elagabalus right, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Maesa left, draped and wearing stephane
R: Zeus standing left, holding patera and scepter; E (mark of value) to right.
MOESIA INFERIOR, Marcianopolis. ref. a) AMNG I/1, 936
b) Varbanov (engl.) 1642
c) Hristova/Jekov (2013) No. 6.28.1.2 var. (E in right field)
laney
sev_alex_julia_maes.jpg
(0218) JULIA MAESA (WITH SEVERUS ALEXANDER)44 views(sister of Julia Domna; mother of Julia Soaemias; grandmother of Elegabalus and Severus Alexander)
222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
julia_mamaea.jpg
(0222) JULIA MAMAEA21 views(mother of Severus Alexander)
227 - 238 AD
AE As 25.5 mm 7.02 g
O: IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA
DIAD BUST R
R: [FELICI]TAS PVBLICA SC
FELICITAS STANADING FRONT, HEAD L, LEGS CROSSED, HOLDING CADUCEUS AND LEANING ON COLUMN
laney
sev_alex_edessa_resb.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER 38 views222-238 AD
AE 25 mm; 8.61 g
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left, with eagle-tipped scepter
R:Tyche seated left; flaming altar in front; star in l. and r. field.
Edessa in Mesopotamia
laney
sev_alex_mamaea_hera.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER & JULIA MAESA10 views222-235 AD
(under governor Tiberius Julius Festus)
AE 26 mm max, 7.34 g
O: Confronted busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R: Hera standing head left holding patera and long scepter; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis
laney
SEV_ALEX_SERAP.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER (as Caesar)38 views222 - 235 AD
struck ca. 222 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 22 mm 11.82 g
Dated RY 5 of Elagabalus (AD 221/2)
O: Bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
R: Sarapis standing facing, head right, with hand on hip, holding sceptre; L-E (date) across fields.
EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA
Köln 2398; Dattari 4247; Milne 2859; Emmett 3082
laney
sev_alex_julia_maes_resized.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA60 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
sev_julia.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA58 views222 - 235 AD
AE 25 mm 9.68 g
O: CONFRONTING BUSTS OF SEV. ALEX. AND JUL. MAES.
R: CONCORDIA STANDING L HOLDING PATERA AND CORNCOPIA, "E" TO LEFT
MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
normal_sev_alex_julia_maes_resizedblk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA41 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 25.5 mm 10.85 g
O: AVT K M AVP CEVH
CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD
HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
MARKIANOPOLIS
1 commentslaney
sev_alex_maesa_homon_mar_a_r.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA10 views222 - 235 AD
AE PENTASSARION 27.5 mm, 9.38 g
O: CONFRONTED BUSTS OF SEVERUS ALEXANDER AND JULIA MAESA
R: VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, "E" IN RIGHT FIELD. HOMONOIA STANDING LEFT HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIA
Moesia Inferior, MARKIANOPOLIS
laney
sev_alex_mam_demeter_markian.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER and JULIA MAMAEA27 views222-235 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.64 g
O: Confronting busts of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
R:Draped figure of Demeter standing left, holding ears of corn and long torch, E to right.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Moushmov 739
d.s.
laney
gord_tranq_serap_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III29 views238 - 244 AD
Gordian III and Tranquillina
Ć Pentassarion 27 mm; 12.27 g
O: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG TPANKVLLINA CAB, draped confronted busts
R: UP TERTULLIANOU MARKIANOPOLITWN, Serapis seated left, reaching out toward three-headed dog Cerberus at foot left, holding sceptre, E in left field.
Magistrate Tertullianus
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; Varbanov 2042; Pick 1175; Moushmov 838
d.s.
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gord_serap_cerb_b.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III28 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm max; 10.15 g
O: AVT M ANT GORDIANOC/AVG Confronted busts of Gordian and Theos Megas, with kalathos and cornucopia at shoulder
R: ODHC-CEITW-N Hades-Serapis seated left holding scepter, with hand extended toward Cerberos at left foot; E in left field
Moesia Inferior, Odessos
AMNG 2329 var
d.s.
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gord_serap_athena_marki.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III16 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.68 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right, facing draped bust of Serapis left. (confronted)
R: Athena, helmeted, standing left, holding spear and resting right hand on shield' E in left field, W/N in right
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Moushmov 785, Varbanov 1957
laney
gordian_serap_ascl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III20 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.98 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gordian_serapis_asclep_mark_c.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III13 views238 - 244 AD
AE 28 mm, 10.65 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III, facing bust of Serapis. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; cf Varbanov 1954 var.
laney
gord_tranq_zeus.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III14 viewsGORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)
238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.47 g
O: AVT KM ANT GORDIANOC AVG CE (VG ligate); TRANKVK / LEINA in 2 liines in exe, WN legate. Confronted busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina
R:.VP TERTVLLIANOV MARKIANOPO LIT; in right field WN; E in left field. Serapis standing, in kalathos, left hand extended upward, scepter in left hand.
Moesia Inferior, Markianopolis; AMNG I/1 1174. Rare
laney
gord_serap_confr.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III14 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27.5 mm, 10.22 g
O: Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Serapis
R: Herakles standing facing, nude, holding club, lion's skin and Apples of the Hesperides. T/W in right field; E in left field.
Moesia, Markianopolis; cf Pick 1151; Varbanov 1987
laney
gordian_tranq_demeter.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III (with Tranquillina)17 views238 - 244 AD
AE 25.5 mm; 11.44 g
O: AYT K M ANT ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC AVΓ CAB / TRANKVΛΛINA. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. (confronted busts)
R: OYLΠIANΩN AΓXIALEΩN. Demeter standing facing, head left, holding grain ears and long torch.
THRACE. Anchialus; cf Varbanov 682 - 684
d.s.
laney
gord_serapes_aescl.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III -- MARKIANOPOLIS77 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 13.54 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOS AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST OF GORDIAN R, FACING DR BUST OF SERAPIS WEARING KALATHOS L (confronted busts)
R: VII MHNOFILOV MARKIANOPOLITWN AESKLEPIOS STANDING L HOLDING SNAKE-ENTWINED STAFF. E IN LEFT FIELD
MARKIANOPOLIS (LEGATE TULLIUS MENOPHILUS)
MOUSHMOV 789; Hristova/Jekov No. 6.37.20.3
2 commentslaney
gord_trank.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III AND TRANQUILLINA43 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm 10 53 g
O: AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC AVG CEB TPANKVLLINA,
confronted busts of Gordian & Tranquillina
R: OVLPIANWN AGCIALEWN,
Homonoia standing left holding patera & cornucopiae.
Thrace, Anchialus
Moushmov 2948
laney
gordian_serap_ascl_odess_27_10_71.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III--Odessos23 views238 - 244 AD
AE 27 mm, 10.71 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right vis-a-vis draped bust of Serapis left, wearing Kalathos and holding cornucopia. (confronted busts)
R: Asklepios standing facing, head left, holding serpent-entwined staff; E in right field.
Moesia Inferior, Odessos mint; Varbanov 4462 var.
laney
phil_ota_eagle~0.jpg
(0244) OTACILIA SEVERA 17 views(wife of Philip I The Arab)
244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
phil_ota_eagle.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I & OTACILIA SEVERA14 views244 - 249 AD
AE 26 mm; 10.45 g
O: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Philip and draped bust of Otacilia Severa left, wearing stephane, facing one another (confronted)
R: Eagle standing left, head right, with wings displayed, holding wreath in beak.
cf AMNG I 3585; Moushmov 2308; Varbanov 5760
Moesia Inferior, Thrace, Tomis
laney
aurelian_nike_alexandria.jpg
(0270) AURELIAN15 views270-275 AD
struck 274/275
Billon Tetradrachm, 20 mm; 8.53 g O: A KΛΔΟ M AVPHΛΙΑΝΟC CEB, laurate and bearded bust right of Aurelian.
O: A KΛΔΟ M AVPHΛΙΑΝΟC CEB, laurate and bearded bust of Aurelian right.
R: ETOYC S ( = year 6 AD 274/75), Nike advancing right holding wreath in front, palm branch behind left shoulder.
Egypt, Alexandria; Ref: Emmett 3947 ( Rarity 4 )
laney
sever.jpg
(0270) SEVERINA26 views(wife of Aurelian)
270 - 275 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 X 24 mm, 3.97 g
O: SEVERI_NAE AVG Diademed draped bust right, on crescent, hair brushed back in straight lines and carried in long loop to front, then tucked under diadem
R: CONCOR_DIAE MILITVM Concordia standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; Q in right field, XXI in exe
Antioch in Pisidia
RIC V, Part I, 13.
laney
tiberius_nero_drusus_resb.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS20 views14 - 37 AD
AE 28.5 mm; 11.46 g
O: His bare head left
R: Confronted heads of Caesars Nero and Drusus
Spain (Hispania Tarraconensis), Carthago Nova mint
cf RPC 179, SNG Cop 500 Scarce
laney
tiberius_lugdunum_altar.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS (as Caesar)16 viewsTiberius
12 - 14 AD
AE Semis 20 mm; 3.46 g
O: [T]I CAESAR AVGVST [F IMPERAT VII], laureate head right
R: ROM ET AVG below front elevation of the Altar of Lugdunum.
Lugdunum mint; ref. Cohen 38.
laney
CONSTANTIUS_CAPTIVES_FEL_RES_B.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II32 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 22 mm 4.58 g
O: DN CONSTAN TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right hand.
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Emperor in military standing left, holding labarum and resting left hand on shield; two captives in front of Emperor
ANA in exe
Antioch Mint, RIC VIII 125
laney
delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
laney
vetranio_res.jpg
(0350) VETRANIO29 views350 AD
AE 21.5 mm 4.36 g
O: DN VETRANIO PF AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R, "A" BEHIND BUST, STAR IN FRONT
R: HOC SIGNO VICTORERIS
EMPEROR STANDING L HOLDING CHI RHO STANDARD, CROWNED BY VICTORY STANDING BEHIND, "A" LEFT FIELD
SISCIA
laney
gratian_repar.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN28 views367 - 383 AD
AE 22 x 23.5 mm; 3.31 g
O: D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG, Rosette-diademed bust right, draped & cuirassed
R: REPARATIO REIPVB, Gratian standing front, head left, offering right
hand to female on left to rise from kneeling position, in other hand
he holds Victory on a globe
laney
gratian_reparatio_b.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--REPARATIO (ANTIOCH)31 views367 - 383 AD
AE 23 mm 5.95 g
O: D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG, Rosette-diademed bust right, draped & cuirassed
R: REPARATIO REIPVB, Gratian standing front, head left, offering right
hand to female on left to rise from kneeling position, in other hand
he holds Victory on a globe,
ANTA in exer. ANTIOCH RIC IX 42(b).
laney
theo_1_reparat_asisc_resb.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I19 views379 - 396 AD
AE 23 mm; 3.12 g
O: D N THEODOSIVS PF AVG. Pearl diademed, draped and cuirasseed bust at right.
R: REPARATIO REI PVB, Theodosius standing front, head left, offering right hand to female on left to rise from kneeling position, in other hand he holds Victory on a globe. ASISC in exergue.
Siscia mint; RIC XI 26c
laney
AELIA_FLAC_.jpg
(0383) AELIA FLACCILLA66 views(wife of Theodosius I)
383 - 388 AD
AE 2, 5.45 g
O: AEL FLACCILLA, DIAD DR BUST R, SEEN FROM FRONT
R: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, VICTORY SEATED R INSCRIBING CHI RHO ON SHIELD SUPPORTED BY COLUMN, "T" IN RIGHT FIELD
ANTE IN EXE
ANTIOCH RIC 61
(OFFICINA E = 5)
(ex HJBerk)
laney
honorius_res.jpg
(0393) HONORIUS25 views393 - 423 AD
AE 17 mm, 2.00 g
O: DN HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & curiassed bust right
R: VIRTVS EXERCITI, emperor standing front, holding spear & resting hand on shield, with head turned right while Victory crowns him with wreath
Cyzicus mint; RIC 68
laney
nero_quadrans_res.jpg
(06) NERO21 viewsAE Quadrans 17 mm; 3.39 g
O: NERO CLA-V - CAE AVG GER Helmet left, leaning on column' shield in front at left, spear behind pointing left
R: P M TR P - IMP P P, S - C Olive branch
laney
titus_domitian_aegae_b.jpg
(10) VESPASIAN (Titus and Domitian as Caesars)24 views69 - 79 AD
Reign of Vespasian
AE 19.5 mm; 3.05 g
O: laureate bust of Titus on left, confronted with bare-headed, draped bust of Domitian;
R: Apollo standing right wearing long chiton, taenia in right, laurel branch in left
Aegae, Aeolis. RPC II 968; BMC Aeolis p. 98, 22; SNG Cop 25. scarce;
d.s.
laney
rjb_2010_11_01.jpg
(VII)29520 viewsCrispus
FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front
PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
Camp gate with two turrets, star between
-/-//PLON
RIC (VII) 295
1 commentsmauseus
volusianpisidia.jpg
*Pisidia, Antioch. Volusian AE22. Roma with captive34 viewsRoma w/ helmet seated r., statue in each hand : in front of her a captive kneeling, imploring ; ANTIOCHI OCL A S R
SNG France 3, 1307 ; Krzyzanowska, VI/17.
ancientone
Macrinus.jpg
*SOLD*35 viewsMacrinus Denarius

Attribution: RIC 53, RSC 2a
Date: AD 218
Obverse: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust r. seen from front
Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas stg. l. holding scales and cornucopia
Size: 19.2 mm
Weight: 3.72 grams
ex-Forvm
1 commentsNoah
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs60 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
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ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_obv_02_rev_03_95%.JPG
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs - 0159 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
--
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrian_purple
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ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
-
~ RARE COIN ~
--
-
3 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC07297_75%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.8 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) on the bottom right, for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_rev_DSC0790_65%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.9 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
caracalla_tets_syro-phoenician_obv_DSC0783_60%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachmai, Syro - Phoenician.10 views4x Caracalla Tets, the one on the bottom row is from Tyre, Phoenicia, and has an interesting Frontal, cuirassed bust, that I have never seen before on a Tyre tet.
---
With a USA Quarter (25 cent piece) in the center for size comparison.
rexesq
hadrian_tet_o-r.JPG
0 - Hadrian Silver Tetradrachm41 views-
--
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, 118 AD.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor Hadrian facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the Front.
rev: Eagle, head left, body facing right, standing on thigh of sacrificial animal. Nothing in beak.

Weight: 14.1 Grams
Size: 28 mm x 27 mm

(Reference: Prieur 155a)
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-
3 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
------
Bust, cut.
rexesq
0002.jpg
0002 - Denarius Augustus 2BC-14AC35 viewsObv/CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Augustus laureate head r.
Rev/AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES in exergue. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, on l. and r., standing front, each togate and resting hand on shield; behind each shield, a spear; above, on l., a simpulum r., and on r., lituus l.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.81g
Mint: Lugdunum.
RIC I/207 [C] - RCV 1597 - BMCRE 519 - RSC 43 - Calicó 855
ex-van Alsenoy
dafnis
367Hadrian_RIC14.jpg
0002 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Concordia73 viewsReference.
RIC-; C. -;

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. DIVI NER NEP PM TRP COS CONCORD in exergue.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

3.19 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Obv. like RIC 9c or BMC 17
Rev. like RIC 14 or BMC 33
4 commentsokidoki
0005.jpg
0005 - Denarius Caracalla 207 AC20 viewsObv/ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Caracalla r.
Rev/VIRTVS AVGG, Caracalla in military dress, standing front, head r., holding spear and parazonium. To l., river-god reclining, to r., two captives.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.06g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/175 - Cohen 670 - BMCRE 259, 520 - RSC 670
ex-Lucernae (ebay)
dafnis
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey76 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Check
ecoli
RI 001a img.jpg
001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230105 viewsĆ As.
Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Philip-II_frontal-bust-armored_AR-tet_antioch_001.JPG
001 - Philip II - AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria - Frontal bust, armored; RARE Bust.23 viewsAncient Roman Empire

Philip II ( 244 - 249 AD ). Silver Tetradrachm, from Antioch, Syria.

( titles in Greek )
obv: Laureate bust facing left, rare cuirassed/armored portrait, seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, wreath in beak, standing above city name over " S C ", wings open.
11.3 Grams, 28mm
2 commentsrexesq
1__claudius_~0.jpg
001.Claudius 41-54 AD33 viewsAE As
Mint: Rome, Date:41-50 AD
Ref: RIC I-95
Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP - Bare head left
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C-Constantia standing front, head turned left, Right hand up, holding spear.
S-C -Senatus Consulto,struck by the public authority of the Senate,"by decree of the Senate"
Size: 28 mm;8.86 gms
Ref: RIC I-95
brian l
0011.jpg
0011 - Denarius Trajan 101-2 AC23 viewsObv/IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, Trajan laureate head r., togate l. shoulder.
Rev/(PM TR P) COS IIII PP, Victory standing to front, head turned l., half-draped, holding wreath and palm.

Ag, 18.9mm, 3.32g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/58 [C] - BMCRE 115 - RSC 240
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils
dafnis
Augustus_AR-Den_CAESAR-AVGVSTVS-DIVI-F-PATER-PATRIAE_AVGVSTI-F-COS-DESIG-PRINC-IVVENT-C-L-CAESARES_RIC-207_C-43_Lugdunum_2BC-4AD_Q-001_axis-7h_xxmm_x,xxxg-s.jpg
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 207, Lugdunum, AR-Denarius, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES, Gaius and Lucius standing front,344 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), AR-Denarius, RIC I 207, Lugdunum, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT C L CAESARES, Gaius and Lucius standing front,
avers:-CAESAR-AVGVSTVS-DIVI-F-PATER-PATRIAE, Laureate head right.
revers:- AVGVSTI-F-COS-DESIG-PRINC-IVVENT-C-L-CAESARES, Gaius and Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, and in field above, a lituus right and simpulum left (in "b9"-like formation).
exerg: -/-//C L CAESARES, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 2 B.C.-4 A.D., ref: RIC-207, C-43,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
005.jpg
002 AUGUSTUS AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT18 viewsEMPEROR: Augustus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right
REVERSE: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left (in "b9"-like formation)
DATE: 2 BC - ca 13 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.63 g
RIC: I.207 (C)
Barnaba6
coin282.JPG
002. Augustus (31 BC- 14 AD)48 viewsAugustus

He suffered but two severe and ignominious defeats, those of Lollius [15 B.C.] and Varus [9 A.D.], both of which were in Germany. Of these the former was more humiliating than serious, but the latter was almost fatal, since three legions were cut to pieces with their general, his lieutenants, and all the auxiliaries. In fact, they say that he was so greatly affected that for several months in succession he cut neither his beard nor his hair, and sometimes he would dash his head against a door, crying: "Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!" And he observed the day of the disaster each year as one of sorrow and mourning.

Lyons mint, 2 BC - ca 13 AD. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right / AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ("b9"). BMC 533, RSC 43

This is one of my first 12 caesar coins. I got this from an all text list from M&R coins.
ecoli
141149.jpg
002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars65 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Ć 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
ecoli
1000-15-095.jpg
002e. Octavia; Crete, Knossos.32 viewsCrete, Knossos. Nero and Octavia. Ć 26 (26.4 mm, 9.09 g, 1 h). A.D. 54-62. ca. A.D. 55-60. Volumnius Lupinus, magistrate. Vary Rare. NERO CLAV CAES AVG IMP LVPINO VOLVMNIO II, bare-headed bust of Nero right / NERO CLAVD CAES AVG IMP ET OCTAVIA AVGVSTI, confronted busts of Octavia, facing right with crescent overhead, and Nero, bare-headed with a start overhead. RPC 1006; Svoronos 217.ecoli
Rhoemetalkes-II_AE-20_________-___________-Bare-hd-of-Tiberius-r_______P__-________-Diademed-hd-of-Rhoemetalkes-II-r__RPC_I_-1715,_11-12-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5-22,5mm_6,86g-s~0.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Uncertain mint of Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalces I., RPC I 1715, AE-22, Augustus in front Capricorn, #187 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), Uncertain mint of Thrace, Kings, Rhoemetalces I., RPC I 1715, AE-22, Augustus in front Capricorn, #1
avers: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΡOIMHTAΛKOY, Diademed head of Rhoemetalces I. right.
reverse: KAIΣAΡOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, Bare head of Augustus right, in front, Capricorn.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 6,86g, axes: 6h,
mint: City: Uncertain mint of Thrace, Region: Thrace, Province: Thrace, Kings: Rhoemetalces I., date: 11 B.C-12 A.D.,
ref: RPC I 1715, Youroukova 171-5, pl. XXI.,
12 Specimens
Q-001
quadrans
0039.jpg
0039 - Denarius Hadrian 136 AC36 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian head laureate r.
Rev/NILVS, Nilus reclining l., leaning on sphinx, holding cornucopiae and reed; in front, hippopotamus, below, crocodile.

Ag, 18.06mm, 2.59g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/310 [S] - RCV 3508 - BMCRE 862 - RSC 991.
ex-WCNC (vcoins)
1 commentsdafnis
996Hadrian_Strack3_eastern.jpg
004 Hadrian Denarius 117 AD Trajan and Hadrian standing vis-ŕ-vis eastern mint34 viewsReference.
Strack *3; Paris 4616

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front.

Rev. PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P ADOPTIO in exergue
Trajan holding with both hands, Hadrian's right hand; left hand on hip

2.73 gr
18 mm
6h

Note.
This early series celebrates the adoption of Hadrian by Trajan, therefore legitimizing Hadrian's succession to the people.
on Rome Mint Trajan or both would hold a volumen/rolls
2 commentsokidoki
0040~0.jpg
0040 - Denarius Hadrian 136 AC16 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian bare head r.
Rev/HISPANIA, Hispania reclining l., holding branch and resting l. arm on rock; in front of her, a rabbit.

Ag, 18.0mm, 3.25g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/305a [C]
ex-Numismática Pliego, auction 38, lot 237
dafnis
1311Hadrian_RIC10.jpg
0057 Hadrian Denarius Roma 117 AD Fortuna35 viewsReference
Strack 14; RIC III, 57; C. 749; BMC 20; RIC II 10

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. PARTH F DIVI NER NEP P M TR P COS
Fortuna, veiled, enthroned left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left, FORT RED in exergue.

4.02 gr
19 mm
6h
3 commentsokidoki
0059~0.jpg
0059 - Denarius Hadrian 136 AC10 viewsObv/HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, Hadrian laureate head r.
Rev/AFRICA, Africa, with elephant-skin headdress, reclining l., leaning on rock, holding scorpion and cornucopiae; in front of her, basket of fruit.

Ag, 18.2mm, 3.22g
Mint: Rome.
RIC II/299 [S] - BMCRE 822 - RSC 139
ex-Lockdales, auction 65, lot 706 (ex-colln. 1920s)
dafnis
0064.jpg
0064 - Denarius Septimius Severus 193 AC66 viewsObv/IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I, laureate headof Septimius r.
Rev/LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing front draped, head to r., holding abacus and cornucopiae.

Ag, 19.6mm, 2.82g
Mint: Emesa (?)
RIC -- - BMCRE -- (p.89)
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 161
1 commentsdafnis
0065~0.jpg
0065 - Denarius Septimius Severus 201-10 AC39 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/IOVI SOSPITATORI, distyle temple in which is Jupiter standing front, holding patera and sceptre.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.39g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/271 [R2] - BMCRE 341 - RCV 6292 - RSC 245
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 346 (colln. A.Senden)
1 commentsdafnis
RI 007a img.jpg
007 - Tiberius As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 245 45 viewsĆ As.
Obv:- TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head right
Rev:- ROM ET AVG, front elevation of the Altar of Lugdunum, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, nude figures, & Victories.
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 12-14
Ref:- RIC 245 [Augustus], Cohen 37, BMC 585, Paris 1769
27 mm, 10.04gm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
7.jpg
007 Lucius Caesar. AE21 6.7gm28 viewsobv: CAESAR CORINTH bare head r. of Augustus
rev: C SERVILIO M ANTONIO HIPPARCHO IIVIR/ CL confronted busts of Lucis and Gaius Caesar
"sons of Agrippa and Julia, grandsons of Augustus"
hill132
1__Trajan_162_.jpg
007.Trajan 98-117 AD 20 viewsAR Denarius
Mint: Rome, Date: 103-104 AD
Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P- laureate bust right with aegis.
Rev: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI- Mars standing front with spear & shield.
Size: 19mm;2.95gms
Ref: RIC 162
2 commentsbrian l
DSC07046_obv_03_DSC07051_rev_04.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows49 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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4 commentsrexesq
DSC07044_obv_01_DSC07048__rev_01JPG.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows36 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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2 commentsrexesq
Julian-II_AR-Siliqua_vows_1_9gr_03_rev-85%.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - 00139 views Roman Empire, 4th century AD Silver Siliqua.
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, struck 361 - 363 AD, Constantinople Mint, Prima Officinae.

obverse: " DN JULIANUS P F AUG " - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

reverse: " VOTIS V MULTIS X " - within wreath, '' P CON '' in exergue (below), for Constantinople mint.

Size: 19 dia.
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07050_rev_03.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.14 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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rexesq
DSC07049_rev_02.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.12 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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rexesq
DSC07063_rev_09.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse. BRIGHT.16 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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Slightly off color photo; too much lighting.
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rexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_laureate-bust-right-cuirassed_obv_03_cut.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Head of Medusa on breastplate26 viewsrexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_laureate-bust-right-cuirassed_obv_03_cut1.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Head of Medusa on breastplate20 viewsrexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_laureate-bust-right-cuirassed_obv_03_rev_04.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Head of Medusa on breastplate. 45 viewsTetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3 of reign.
obv: Laureate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

rev: Eagle standing facing left, tail right. Wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
2 commentsrexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_bust-left-cuirassed-w-balteus_obv_09_rev_06.jpg
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, wearing balteus, seen from front, cuirassed14 viewsPhilip I Tetradrachm. Regnal Year: 4

obv: Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus (sword belt that hangs over the shoulder and across the chest). Seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, tail right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name.
SC below.

ex Sphinx Numismatics
rexesq
antioch_philip-I_tetradrachm_bust-seen-from-front-cuirassed_01.jpg
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, wearing balteus, seen from front, cuirassed.42 viewsPhilip I Tetradrachm. Regnal Year: 4

obv: Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus (sword belt that hangs over the shoulder and across the chest). Seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, tail right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name.
SC below.

ex Sphinx Numismatics
3 commentsrexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_bust-left-cuirassed-w-balteus_obv_09_cut.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, wearing balteus, seen from front, cuirassed.12 viewsPhilip I Tetradrachm. Regnal Year: 4

obv: Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus (sword belt that hangs over the shoulder and across the chest). Seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, tail right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name.
SC below.
rexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_bust-left-cuirassed-w-balteus_obv_05.jpg
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, wearing balteus, seen from front, cuirassed..10 viewsPhilip I Tetradrachm. Regnal Year: 4

obv: Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus (sword belt that hangs over the shoulder and across the chest). Seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, tail right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name.
SC below.

*Bad photos, bad lighting, camera trouble.... hard to show the true colour of this coin with my camera.
rexesq
philip-I_tetradrachm_bust-left-cuirassed-w-balteus_obv_02.jpg
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Laureate bust left, wearing balteus, seen from front, cuirassed..10 viewsPhilip I Tetradrachm. Regnal Year: 4

obv: Laureate and cuirassed bust left, wearing balteus (sword belt that hangs over the shoulder and across the chest). Seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, tail right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name.
SC below.

*Bad photos, bad lighting, camera trouble.... hard to show the true colour of this coin with my camera.
rexesq
antioch_AD244-249_tetradrachm_philip_13_9grams_regnal-year-3_01~0.JPG
01 - Philip I Tetradrachm - Radiate bust left, seen from front, cuirassed. Medusa Head on breastplate.86 viewsPhilip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3.
obv: AYTOK K M IOYLI FILIPPOC CEB - radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.
rev: DHMARC EXOVCIAC VPATO G - eagle standing facing with wings spread, head right with wreath in its beak, ANTIOXIA SC below.
13.9grams. - Prieur 357
3 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_providentia_3_08grams_00.JPG
01 - Trajan AR Denarius - PRO VID across field. 'Heroic Bust'101 viewsEmperor Trajan ( 98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO - Laureate bust right, seen from the front. Slight drapery on far shoulder.
rev: P M TR P COS VI P P SPQR - Providentia standing holding long sceptre and holding hand over globe. PRO-VID across field

Weight: 3.08 Grams.
6 commentsrexesq
AS REPUBLICA anónimo.jpg
01-01 - As Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)145 viewsAE AS 34 mm 34.1 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #627 Pag.191 - Craw RRC #56/2 - Syd CRR #143 - BMCRR #217
mdelvalle
Craw_56_2_AS_Anonimo.jpg
01-01 - As Emision Anonima (211 - 206 A.C.)41 viewsAE AS 34 mm 34.1 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #627 Pag.191 - Craw RRC #56/2 - Syd CRR #143 - BMCRR #217
mdelvalle
139Hadrian__RIC39a.jpg
0108 Hadrian Denarius Roma 118 AD Concordia39 viewsReference.
Strack 33; RIC III, 108; C. 252

Bust A4

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. P M TR P COS II / in ex CONCORD.
Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes standing on cippus, cornucopiae under chair.

3.08 gr
20 mm
6h
okidoki
0115.jpg
0115 - Denarius Julia Domna 198-209 AC8 viewsObv/ IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust of J.D. r.
Rev/ PVDICITIA, Pudicitia veiled and draped, seated on stool., r.h. closing on breast, head front, resting l. elbow on throne.

Ag, 18.9 mm, 3.32 g
Mint: Roma.
BMCRE V/74 – RIC IV.1/576 [C]
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay june 2011 - art. #230623761581
dafnis
Nero_AE-Semis_NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP_CER-_QVINQ-ROM-CO_S-_S-C_RIC-234_C-47_Rome_64-AD__Q-001_h_18mm_4,35g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,92 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0234, Rome, AE-Semis, CER QVINQ ROM CO,
avers:- NERO-CAESAR-AVG-IMP, Laureate head right.
revers:- CER-QVINQ-ROM-CO, SC in ex, mark of value S on table, urn and a wreath set on a table, two griffins on front panel, round shield resting against leg.
exergo: -/-//S-C, diameter: 18mm, weight: 4,35g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 64 A.D., ref: RIC-234, C-47,
Q-001
quadrans
Nero_AE-AS_IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-GERM_PACE-PR-VBIQ-PARTA-IANVM-CLVSIT_S-C_RIC-348_C-_Rome_66-AD_Q-001_6h_27mm_11,14g-s.jpg
014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0348, Rome, AE-As, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S-C,118 views014 Nero (54-68 A.D.), RIC I 0348, Rome, AE-As, PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, S-C,
avers: IMP-NERO-CAESAR-AVG-GERM, Laureate head left.
revers: PACE-PR-VBIQ-PARTA-IANVM-CLVSIT, View of one front of the temple of Janus, with latticed window to left, and garland hung across closed double doors on the right, S C across fields.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: 11,14g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 66 AD., ref: RIC-348, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
014p_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_AE-18,_Lydia,_Apollonoshieron,_RPC_I_3045,_Apollo_standing_front_Q-001_6h_18mm_3,04g-s.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Lydia, Apollonoshieron, Asia (conventus of Sardis), RPC I 3045, AE-18, Apollo standing front, #1152 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Lydia, Apollonoshieron, Asia (conventus of Sardis), RPC I 3045, AE-18, Apollo standing front, #1
avers: NEΡΩN KAICAΡ CEBACTOC, laureate head right
reverse: AΠOΛΛΩNI/EΡEITΩN, Apollo standing front, head right, holding patera in right hand and resting with left on lyre.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter:18,0mm, weight: 3,04g, axis: 6h
mint: City: Apollonoshieron, Region: Lydia, Province: Asia (conventus of Sardis),
date: 54-68 AD.,
ref: RPC I 3045; BMC 8-9; SNG Cop 33,
Q-001
quadrans
Arcadius.JPG
015 - Arcadius (383-408 AD), AE 2 - RIC 1554 viewsObv: D N ARCAD-IVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield in front. Above, hand of God holding wreath.
Rev: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard and resting on shield, kneeling captive to left.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMK delta in exe), 4th officina, 383 AD.
22 mm in diam, 3,9 g.
1 commentspierre_p77
0199.jpg
0199 - Denarius Licinia 55 BC51 viewsObv/ Laureate bust of Venus r., togate and with stephane; behind, SC.
Rev/ Female figure standing front, leading horse and holding spear; at feet, cuirass and shield; around, P CRASSVS M F.

Ag, 4.09 g
Moneyer: P. Licinius Crassus M.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 430/1 - BMCRR Rome 3901 - Syd. 929 - RSC Licinia 18
ex-Bremens-Belleville, november 2014, lot 363 (ex-St.Florian monastery, Dorotheum, june 1956, lot 2764 / ex. Apostolo Zeno colln., 18th c.)
1 commentsdafnis
philip-II_as-caesar_frontal-bust-dr_cuir_13_03grams_ex-Hendin.jpg
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front45 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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Seller photo. Great 'Frontal Bust' portrait and very large flan!
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07485_DSC07499.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front31 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07539_philip-II_tets.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.33 viewsLEFT: Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria -
obv: Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front. 13.03 Grams

RIGHT: Philip II Tetradrachm, (247 - 249 AD) Antioch, Syria. Regnal year: 4
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind. 11.10 Grams.
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07521_philip-II_tets_angle.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.17 viewsLEFT: Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria -
obv: Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front. 13.03 Grams

RIGHT: Philip II Tetradrachm, (247 - 249 AD) Antioch, Syria. Regnal year: 4
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind. 11.10 Grams.
rexesq
DSC07503_philip-II_tets_frontal-busts.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.16 viewsPhilip II, Frontal Busts.

LEFT: Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria -
obv: Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front. 13.03 Grams

RIGHT: Philip II Tetradrachm, (247 - 249 AD) Antioch, Syria. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front. 10.59 Grams.
rexesq
DSC07494_philip-II_as-caesar_01.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.14 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
-----
*Shown next to a US 25 cent piece (quarter-dollar) for size comparison.*
----
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachmai_son-and-father_frontal-busts-left_obv_02.JPG
02 - Philip I and Philip II Tetradrachmai - Frontal Busts Left.32 viewsLEFT: Philip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
RIGHT: Philip I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Dated Year 3
obv: Radiate, cuirassed bust left, seen from the front, breastplate decorated with a gorgoneion/medusa head.

*note: Photo is off-color, due to camera problems.
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_02_rev_02.JPG
02 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front.39 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr
rexesq
AS M.ATILIUS SARANUS.jpg
02-10 - M. ATILIUS SARANUS (148 A.C.)84 viewsAE AS 29 mm 20.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "M.ATILI" arriba, "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #727 Pag.200 - Craw RRC #214/2a - Syd CRR #399 - BMCRR #692
mdelvalle
Craw_214_2a_AS_M_Atilivs.jpg
02-10 - M. ATILIUS SARANUS (148 A.C.)30 viewsAE AS 29 mm 20.4 gr
Anv: Cabeza bifronte barbada y laureada de Jano - "I" (Marca de valor = 1 AS) sobre la cabeza.
Rev: Proa de galera a derecha - "M.ATILI" arriba, "ROMA" debajo e "I" en campo derecho.

Ceca: Roma

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #727 Pag.200 - Craw RRC #214/2a - Syd CRR #399 - BMCRR #692
mdelvalle
0201.jpg
0201 - As Augustus 7-8 AC36 viewsObv/ AVGVSTVS DIVI F, laureate head of A. r.
Rev/ (M POSTV)M ALBIN L PORC CAPIT II VIR Q, priest standing facing front, holding simpulum and branch.

AE, 28.0 mm, 10.98 g
Mint: Carthago Nova.
APRH/170 [7-20 dies] – RPC I/170
ex-Soler y Llach, auction 84, lot 32
dafnis
Troas,_Ilion,_020_Vespasian,_AE-,_Vespasian,_Titus,_Domitian_,_Athena,_RPC_II_893,_Bellinger_T197,_69-79_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_19,5-21mm,_8,25g-s.jpg
020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), Troas, Ilion, Asia (conventus of Adramyteum), RPC II 0893, AE-21, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left #189 views020p Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), Troas, Ilion, Asia (conventus of Adramyteum), RPC II 0893, AE-21, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left #1
avers: (AYTOK K CEBAC) OYECPACIANOC, Laureate head of Vespasian right
reverse: TITω KAICAP I ΔOMITIANΩ KA IΛI, Confronted, laureate and draped busts of Titus right and Domitian left. Between them, cult image of Athena, standing on a low base, turned half left, brandishing spear and resting a hand on the shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-21,0mm, weight: 8,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: City: Ilium, Region: Troas, Province: Asia (conventus of Adramyteum),
date: 69-79 A.D.,
ref: RPC II 0893, Bellinger T127, BMC 46, SNG Cop 392,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Andras_II__(1205-1235_AD),_H-263,_C1-223,_U-189,_AR-Denar,_Q-001,_3h,_10,5-11,5mm,_0,22g-s.jpg
021. H-263 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-263, CNH I.-223, U-189, AR-Denarius (Obulus?), Rare! #0166 views021. H-263 András II., (Andreas II.), King of Hungary, (1205-1235 A.D.), H-263, CNH I.-223, U-189, AR-Denarius (Obulus?), Rare! #01
avers: Sitting king of the front, grasped with both hands neck and tail of a dragon, border of dots.
reverse: Standing king with a sword, panther looking backward, border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 10,5-11,5mm, weight: 0,22 g, axis: 3h,
mint: Esztergom , date: A.D., ref: Huszár-263, CNH I.-223, Unger-189, Rare!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
028.jpg
022 MACRINUS17 viewsEMPEROR: Macrinus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: / PONTIF MAX TR P COS PP, Fides standing front, foot on helmet, standard in each hand
DATE: 217 AD
MINT: Antiochia
WEIGHT: 2.89 g
RIC: 22a
Barnaba6
0232_Vesp_RIC_II_2_16.jpg
0232 - Denarius Vespasian 70 AC11 viewsObv/ Laureate bust of V. r., around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG.
Rev/ Confronted heads of Titus to r., and Domitian to l.; around, CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR.

Ag, 18.9 mm, 3.34 g
Mint: Roma
RIC II.2/16 [R] – BMCRE II/3
ex-CNG, auction e438, lot 491
1 commentsdafnis
030.jpg
024 SEVERUS ALEXANDER11 viewsEMPEROR: Severus Alexander
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, holding flower and raising skirt
DATE: 232 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT:2.47 g
RIC: 254
Barnaba6
augustus_RIC207.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 2 BC-ca. 13 AD85 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE (laureate head right)
rev: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below (Gaius & Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, & in field above, a lituus right & simpulum left ["b9"])
ref: RIC I 207, BMC 533, RSC 43
mint: Lugdunum
3.35gms, 18mm

This type was struck to celebrate Gaius and Lucius Caesars, the sons of Marcus Agrippa, as heirs to the imperial throne. Gaius became Princeps Iuventutis in 5 BC and Lucius in 2 BC. They died in 4 AD and 2 AD respectively, thus promoting Tiberius to heir apparent. An obligatory issue for collectors.
berserker
Traianus_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-NER-TRAIANO-OPTIMO-AVG-GER-DAC_PMTRP-COS-VI-P-P-S-P-Q-R_RIC-II-343-p-268_115-116-AD_Q-001_7h_17,5-18mm_3,28g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0343, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Felicitas standing front, head left,71 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0343, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Felicitas standing front, head left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NER-TRAIANO-OPTIMO-AVG-GER-DAC, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P-S-P-Q-R, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight:3,28g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 115-116 A.D., ref: RIC-343, p-268, C-278,
Q-001
quadrans
Phoenicia,_Aradus,_027p_Traianus_(98-117_A_D_),_Astarte-Europa-Traianus_r_,_Bull_l_,_BMC_Phoen__374,_AE-23mm,_(EOT_y375)_116-7_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_23mm,_10,69g-s.jpg
027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Phoenicia, Arados, BMC Phoenicia 374, AE-23, Bull left, #161 views027p Traianus (98-117 A.D.), Phoenicia, Arados, BMC Phoenicia 374, AE-23, Bull left, #1
avers: Bust of Astarte-Europa right, in stephane and veil, falling from chignon, smaller laureate head of Trajan right in front
reverse: Bull running left, date EOT (year 375) above, Phoenician letter on left, APAΔIΩN belove.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 23,0mm, weight:10,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Phoenicia, Arados, date: EOT=year 375, 116-117 A.D.,
ref: BMC Phoenicia 374
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
429Hadrian_RIC135.jpg
0293 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-23 AD Pudicitia standing30 viewsReference.
Strack 77; RIC II, 135a; C 1209; RIC III, 293

Bust A1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate head

Rev. P M TR P - COS - III in field PV-DIC
Pudicitia, veiled, standing front, holding right hand to breast.

2.98 gr
20 mm
h
okidoki
__57(1)-1.jpg
03 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - VENUS VICTRIX - Frontal bust9 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.1 gr, 28mm
rexesq
__57(1).JPG
03 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - VENUS VICTRIX - Frontal bust27 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.1 gr, 28mm
2 commentsrexesq
DSC02611_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev19 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Rare Radiate, Frontal Left Bust.

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust left, seen from the front. Draped and Cuirassed.

rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between
the legs of Eagle.

Weight: 12.3 Grams
Size: 27mm
-
---
-
*Quite Rare.
rexesq
DSC02613_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev - FLASH25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
-----
*Photo with CAMERA FLASH*
-
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC02628_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev.29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
rexesq
Gordian-III_tet_75%.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev..38 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
3 commentsrexesq
hadrian_AD119-122_AR-denarius_fortuna_001_002.JPG
03 - Hadrian Denarius - Fortuna47 viewsHadrian AR Denarius. AD119-121

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANUS AUG - Laureate bust right. 'Heroic bust'
rev: P M TR P COS III - Fortuna leaning against column, holding cornucopiae and rudder.

3.4 Grams.
1 commentsrexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_01.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front38 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr.
*note: photo is off color due to camera problems.
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_07.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front24 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr.
*note: photo is off color due to camera problems.
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_obv_03.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front28 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
obv: Laureate bust left, seen from front, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing right, wreath in beak. Head right, tail left.
Standing on city name, SC below.
10.59gr
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_01.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front - obv38 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3
Laureate bust left, draped and cuirassed - seen from the front.
rexesq
antioch_tetradrachm_philip-II_bust-left-front_10_59gr_02.JPG
03 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, seen from front - rev28 viewsPhilip II, Antioch, Syria. Tetradrachm. Regnal year: 3rexesq
T389.jpg
03 Julia Titi RIC 389105 viewsAR Denarius, 3.10g
Rome mint, 80-81 AD (Titus)
Obv: IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA•; Bust of Julia, draped, r., hair piled high in front and knotted low at back
Rev: VESTA in exergue; Vesta std. l., with palladium and sceptre
RIC 389 (R). BMC p. 144 note. RSC 16. BNC 108.

Titus struck a small issue of denarii for his daughter Julia Titi, most of which are fairly scarce. This Vesta reverse type is much rarer than the more commonly encountered Venus one. Julia is seen here sporting the classic Flavian lady hairdo.

Worn, but not unattractively so.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
54Hadrian__RIC126.jpg
0303 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-123 AD Hilaritas standing30 viewsReference.
RIC III, 303; Strack 69; RIC II, 126; C. 815

Bust A1

IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG .
Laureate bust

Rev. P M TR P-COS III HI | LAR / P | R across fields
Hilaritas, veiled and standing to front, adjusting veil, with both hands

3.04 gr
20 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
211Hadrian__RIC131.jpg
0312 Hadrian Denarius 119-22 AD Hadrian with officier and Libertas48 viewsReference.
RIC III, 312; Strack 71; RIC II, 131b; C 911

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate bust with drapery

Bust A2

Rev. P M TR P COS III / LIBERAL AVG (III In Ex.)
Hadrian seated left on writing at desk with pen; i the background stands statue? of Liberalitas holding up coin scoop. Citizen ascends the front steps of the platform, holding out the fold of his toga, while an attendant stands behind Emperor

2.75 gr
18 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
Hadrian_AR-Den_IMP-CAESAR-TRAIAN-HADRIANVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-COS-III_RIC-II-77_p-349_123-AD_Q-001_7h_18,3-19,3mm_3,12g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0077var, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left,111 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0077var, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left,
avers: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front, with fold of cloak on front shoulder, with a visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap.
reverse: P M TR P COS III, Roma seated on cuirass left, holding Victory and spear, shield and quiver behind Rome.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,3-19,3mm, weight: 3,12g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 123 A.D., ref: RIC II 77var., p-349, C-, Strack 121,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
032_Hadrianus_(117-138_A_D_),_RIC_II_0116var_,_IMP_CAESAR_TRAIAN_HADRIANVS_AVG,_P_M_TR_P_COS_III,_CLEM,_Rome,_AD_Q-001_6h,_17-19mm,_3,34g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0116var., Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, #191 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0116var., Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, #1
avers: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed right, seen from front, with fold of cloak on front shoulder, with a visible thunderbolt on his cuirass leather strap and a winged frontal Medusa head (gorgoneion) on the breast of Hadrian's cuirass.
reverse: P M TR P COS III, Clementia standing left, holding patera over altar, holding scepter.
exergue: -/-//CLEM, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 121 A.D., ref: RIC II 0116var.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III_GENIVS-POP-ROMANI_RIC-III-070a-p-14_C-403_140-3-AD_Q-001_7h_16-17mm_2,68g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0070a, Rome, AR-Denarius, GENIVS POP ROMANI, Genius standing front,135 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0070a, Rome, AR-Denarius, GENIVS POP ROMANI, Genius standing front,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III, Bare head right.
revers:- GENIVS-POP-ROMANI, Genius standing front, head right, with scepter and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0 mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 140-143 A.D., ref: RIC-III-70a-p-14, RSC-405, BMC-207,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius-AE-Sest_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII_LIBERALITAS-VII_COS-IIII_S-C_RIC-III-905-p-139_C-525_Rome_152-3-AD_R_Q-001_0h_32-33mm_29,37g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0915, Rome, AE-Sestertius, LIBERALITAS VII, Antoninus seated left on platform, S-C, R!223 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0905, Rome, AE-Sestertius, LIBERALITAS VII, Antoninus seated left on platform, S-C, R!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XVII, Laureate head right.
revers: LIBERALITAS-VII, Antoninus seated left on platform on right: in front of him, Liberalitas satnding left, holding account-board and cornucopiae: below citizen standing right holding out fold of toga, S-C across the field, COS IIII in exergo.
exe:S/C//COS IIII, diameter: 32-33mm, weight: 29,37g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 152-153 A.D., ref: RIC-III-915-p-140, C-525-526, Rare !
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
039.jpg
035 VOLUSIAN14 viewsEMPEROR: Volusian
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting left on shield at front
DATE: 251-253 AD
MINT: Milan
WEIGHT: 2.88 g
RIC: 206
Barnaba6
Ant_Pius_DIVVS_ANTONINVS_CONSECRAIO_RIC-438(Marc-Avr)_BMC-60_C-164a_Rome-161-AD_Q-001_6h_16,4-17,7mm_2,57g-s.jpg
035a Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0438 (Marc. Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRAIO, Funeral pyre,95 views035a Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0438 (Marc. Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, CONSECRAIO, Funeral pyre,
avers:- DIVVS-ANTONINVS, Bare-headed bust right, folds of cloak on front shoulder and wrapped around neck.
revers:- CONSECRAIO, Four tiered funeral pyre, decorated with garlands and statues, door in second tier, facing quadriga on top.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,4-17,7mm, weight: 2,57g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: Consecration issue, struck after Pius' death in 161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-(Marcus Aurelius)-438-p-247, C-164a, BMC-60,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Faustina_sen_Ag-Den_DIVA-FAVSTINA_AED-DIV-FAVSTINAE_RIC-III-AP-343_RSC-1_Rome_150-AD_Q-001_11h_17mm_2,95g-s~0.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,84 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0343 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, AED DIV FAVSTINAE, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-FAVSTINA, Diademed and draped bust right.
revers:- AED-DIV-FAVSTINAE, Front view of temple of six columns on five steps, fencing before. Within is a statue of Faustina. Varying ornaments on temple.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,95g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 150 A.D., ref: RIC-III-343 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Faustina_sen_Ag-Den_DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA_DEDICATIO-AEDIS_RIC-III-AP-388_RSC-191_Rome_141-AD_Q-001_7h_19-17mm_3,03g-s.jpg
036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,88 views036 Faustina Senior (100-141 A.D.), RIC III 0388 (A.Pius), Rome, AR-Denarius, DEDICATIO AEDIS, Hexastyle temple,
Wife of Antoninus Pius.
avers:- DIVA-AVG-FAVSTINA, Draped bust right.
revers:- DEDICATIO-AEDIS, Frontal view of a hexastyle temple, Victories in corners.
exerg: , diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,03g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 141-161 A.D., ref: RIC-III-388 (Antoninus Pius)p- , RSC-191, BMCRE-306 (Pius),
Q-001
This coin type records the dedication of the
temple of Divus Antoninus and Diva Faustina. The
dedication ceremonies took place in 142 AD, and
construction was completed in 150 AD. The temple
still stands today, overlooking the Forum.
quadrans
45Hadrian_RIC127.jpg
0367 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-23 AD Libertas25 viewsReverence.
Strack 74; C. 903; RIC II, 127; RIC III, 367

Bust C1

Obv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate, draped bust, viewed from front

Rev: P M TR P COS III / LIB PVB in ex.
Libertas seated left, holding branch and sceptre.

3.3 gr
18 mm
h
1 commentsokidoki
37.jpg
037 Annius Verus & Commodus AE17 2.6gm31 viewsobv: confronted busts of Verus l. and Commodus r. club and caduceus between
rev: facade of decastyle temple with eagle in pediment
"sons of M. Aurelius"
1 commentshill132
041.jpg
037 VALERIAN I9 viewsEMPEROR: Valerian I
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate draped bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm
DATE: 254 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 2.50 g
RIC: 124
Barnaba6
38Hadrian__RIC80.jpg
0389 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-23 AD Aequitas-Moneta standing37 viewsReference.
Strack 107; RIC III, 389 ; C 1118; RIC II, 80

Bust C1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust, viewed from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Aequitas-Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopia

3.23 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
caracalla_AD214_AR-antoninianus_venus-victrix_bothsides~0.JPG
04 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - 'Venus Victrix'120 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.2 grams - 26mm.

*Notes: Well struck and well centered coin on a very large flan.
Take a look at the detail on the
shield Venus is standing next to on the reverse.
4 commentsrexesq
caracalla_AD214_AR-antoninianus_venus-victrix_bust-close.JPG
04 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Frontal bust close40 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.
5.2 grams.
rexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_rev_06_cut.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. 19 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_01.jpg
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.39 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
philip-II_antioch-tetradrachm_laureate-bust-left_seen-from-front_hendin_obv_03_rev_06.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachm. Bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.33 viewsPhilip Jr. 247-249 AD - Silver Tetradrachm
Antioch, Syria - Regnal Year: 3

Obverse: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seen from the front.
Reverse: Eagle standing right, head right, holding wreath in beak and standing on city name ANTIOXIA.
SC below.

25.7 mm

ex Amphora Ancient Coins
3 commentsrexesq
antioch_philip-II_tets_hendin_left-bust-cuirassed-frontal_right-bust-seen-from-behind_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
04 - Philip II Tetradrachmai - Two Bust types.25 viewsAntioch, Syria. Philip II Tetradrachmai.

left: Laureate bust left, cuirassed. Seem from the front. 25.7 mm. Regnal Year: 3.

right: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind. Regnal Year: 4

Both ex Amphora Ancient Coins
rexesq
Lucilla_AR-Den_LVCILLA_AVGVSTA_VENVS-VIC-TRIX__RIC-III-(M_Aur)-786_C-89_Rome_166-67-AD_Q-001_axis-h_16-17mm_x,xxg-s.jpg
040 Lucilla ( c.149-182 A.D.), RIC III 0786 (Marc.Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus, #188 views040 Lucilla ( c.149-182 A.D.), RIC III 0786 (Marc.Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus, #1
Wife of Lucius Verus.
avers: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair in a bun.
reverse: VENVS VIC TRIX, Venus standing front, head left, holding Victory and resting left hand on shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0mm, weight: 2,94g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 166-67 A.D., ref: RIC III 786 (Marc.Aur.), p-276, RSC-89.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
040_Lucilla,_RIC_III(M_Aur)_786,_AR-Den,_LVCILLA_AVGVSTA,_VENVS_VICTRIX,__RSC-89,_Rome_166-67-AD,_Q-002,_h,_17mm,_2,84g-s.jpg
040 Lucilla ( c.149-182 A.D.), RIC III 0786 (Marc.Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus, #283 views040 Lucilla ( c.149-182 A.D.), RIC III 0786 (Marc.Aur.), Rome, AR-Denarius, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus, #2
Wife of Lucius Verus.
avers: LVCILLA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right, hair in a bun.
reverse: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing front, head left, holding Victory and resting left hand on shield.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,0mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 166-67 A.D., ref: RIC III 786 (Marc.Aur.), p-276, RSC-89.,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
RI_044o_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC 033815 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, Laureate head right
Rev:- COS III, Annona seated left on low chair, holding hook in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; in front left, modius with corn ears
Minted in Rome. A.D. 128 - 132
Reference:– BMCRE 488. RIC 338. RSC 380.
maridvnvm
046.jpg
044 POSTUMUS7 viewsEMPEROR: Postumus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae.
DATE: 260-268 AD
MINT: Cologne
WEIGHT: 3.55 g
RIC: V.II.75
Barnaba6
045.jpg
045 VICTORINUS6 viewsEMPEROR: Victorinus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C VICTORINVS. P.F. AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: INVICTVS, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field
DATE: 268-270 AD
MINT: Cologne
WEIGHT: 2.54 g
RIC: RIC V-2 Cologne 114
Barnaba6
hadrian_tet_eagle_12_1gr_year-5_00.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 525 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
4 commentsrexesq
DSC06723_DSC06731_hadrian_tet.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 5 21 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
rexesq
Seleuco III, Soter Cerauno.jpg
05-02 - Seleuco III, Soter Cerauno (226 - 223 A.C.)52 viewsSeleuco III Sóter Cerauno (? - 223 adC). Rey de la dinastía seleúcida, hijo mayor de Seleuco II Calinico, a quien sucedió. Su apelativo Cerauno significa “el Rayo”. Su reinado fue breve (apenas tres ańos, desde el 225 adC). Decidió llevar a cabo el plan que su padre no pudo realizar en vida: enfrentar al rey Atalo I de Pérgamo, aliado de Antioco Hierax, hermano de Seleuco Calinico y tio suyo, el cual había muerto hace poco, pero que había ayudado a Atalo, quien había aprovechado la situación para expandir sus fronteras y conquistar toda el Asia Menor.
En el transcurso de esta campańa realizada en la región del Tauro, Seleuco III murió asesinado víctima de la traición de uno de sus oficiales llamado Nicanor, en complicidad con el galo Apaturios (223 adC).
Fue sucedido por su hermano Antíoco III Megas, contando con el apoyo de Aqueo, pariente del difunto rey quien había tenido gran influencia durante su reinado. Aqueo rechazó la corona que le ofrecieron las tropas y prefirió gobernar como regente del imperio. Nombró a Molón gobernador de las provincias superiores y él se reservó el Asia Menor; combatió con éxito contra Atalo I y lo confinó en Pérgamo, de modo que suyo fue el mérito de ganar la guerra que había empezado Seleuco III. (Wikipedia)
AE 12 mm 2.0 gr.

Anv: Busto de Artemisa viendo a der. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY" - Apolo sentado a izquierda en ónfalo (Piedra semicilíndrica centro del culto de Apolo en Delfos, fetiche de basalto y altar de la madre tierra de la religión micénica) con flecha en mano derecha levantada y apoyando la izquierda en un arco. "CE / Λ" en campo izquierdo y "AP" (Monograma) en exergo.

Ceca: Antioquía en Orontes

Referencias: B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #8 Pag.22 - Sear GCTV Vol.2 #6929 Pag.646 - SNG Spaer #518 - Newell E.T. (Western Seleucid Mints) #1036
mdelvalle
Elagabalus-RIC-067.jpg
05. Elagabalus antoninianus.16 viewsAntoninianus, 218-219 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
5.39 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #67; Sear #7487.
Callimachus
Julia-Domna_AR-Den_IVLIA-AVGVSTA_PIETAS-PVBLICA_Laodicea-RIC-IV-I-643_p-170_RSC-156_203-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19,5mm_3,10g-s.jpg
050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 643, Laodicea, AR-Denarius, PIETAS PVBLICA, Pietas standing left, #1223 views050 Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), RIC IV-I 643, Laodicea, AR-Denarius, PIETAS PVBLICA, Pietas standing left, #1
avers:- IVLIA-AVGVSTA, Bust draped right.
revers:- PIETAS-PVBLICA, Pietas standing front, head left, raising hands in prayer over lighted altar.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,10g, axis: 0h,
mint: Laodicea ad Mare, Syria, date: 203 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-643, p-
Q-001
quadrans
050p_Julia_Domna,_Pisidia,_Antioch,_AE-22,__Dr_bust_r_,_Genius-Antioch,_BMC_Lycia,_etc__pg__181,_35__Q-001,_6h,_22mm,_5,4g-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, BMC (Lycia) 35, AE-22, ANTIOCH ENI COL CAE, Genius of Antioch standing left,114 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, BMC (Lycia) 35, AE-22, ANTIOCH ENI COL CAE, Genius of Antioch standing left,
avers: IVLIA AV GVSTA, Draped bust of Julia Domna right.
reverse: ANTIOCH ENI COL CAE, Genius of Antioch standing front, head left, holding branch and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 5,40g, axis: 6h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 193-211 A.D., ref: BMC Lycia etc. pg 181, 35,
Q-001
quadrans
RI 051e img.jpg
051 - Marcus Aurelius denarius - RIC 486 19 viewsObv:– AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG P II F, Bare head right
Rev:– TR POT XIIII COS II DESIG III, Mars, standing front, head left, holding spear and resting other hand on shield
Minted in Rome. A.D. 159-160
Reference RIC 486. BMCRE 1002.
maridvnvm
051_Caracalla,_RIC_IV-I_222,_Rome,_AR-Den,_ANTONINVS_PIVS_AVG_BRIT,_MARTI_PACATORI,_210-13_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_18-18,5mm,_2,97g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 222, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, Scarce! #1144 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 222, Rome, AR-Denarius, MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, Scarce! #1
avers: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.
reverse: MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding olive-branch, reversed spear and shield.
exergue:-/-//--, diameter: 18,0-18,5mm, weight: 2,97g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 210-213 A.D., ref: RIC IV-I 222, p-217, RSC 149, BMC 81, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caracalla_AR-Denar_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_Roma-RIC-251_RSC-302_215-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19,5mm_2,77-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 251, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, #185 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 251, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff left.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,77g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-251, p-248, C-302, BMC-103,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-263_Q-001_23mm_4_90g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0180 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #01
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,90g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-263_Q-002_24mm_5_14g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #0272 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 263, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Serapis, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Serapis standing, facing, raising hand and holding scepter.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,14g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-263, p-250, C-295-6,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-264c_Q-001_24mm_4_85g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0177 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #01
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,85g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-264c_Q-002_24mm_4_51g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0269 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #02
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,51g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-264c_Q-003_24mm_4_96g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0374 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #03
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 4,96g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Q-003
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Ant_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_215_Roma-RIC-264c_Q-005_24mm_3_74g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #0567 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 264c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol, #05
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Sol standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.(Double strike!).
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 24mm, weight: 3,74g, axis:- h,
mint: Rome, date: 215 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-264c, p-250,
Q-005
quadrans
51_copy.jpg
051 Macrinus. AR denarius31 viewsobv: IMP CM OPEL SEV laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: FIDES MILITVM Fides std. front head r. his r. foot on helmet,
holding standard in each hand
3 commentshill132
JustISB69.jpg
0518-0527 AD - Justin I - Sear 69 - Half Follis32 viewsEmperor: Justin I (r. 518-527 AD)
Date: 518-527 AD
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Half Follis

Obverse: D N IVSTINVS PP AVG
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, with cross rising from front of diadem.

Reverse: Large K; to left, long cross; to right, "B"; stars above and below.

Constantinople mint, second officina
Sear 69
7.99g; 24.4mm; 180°
Pep
16~0.jpg
051a TACITUS12 viewsEMPEROR: Tacitus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum bust right seen from front
REVERSE: FELICIT TEMP;
EXERGUE: –/–//V
DATE: November – December 275 AD
MINT: Ticinum, 1st emmission
WEIGHT:
RIC TEMP No. 3377 (113 ex.)
Barnaba6
051p_Caracalla_(196-198_Cae,198-217_A_D__Aug),_Thrace,_Pautalia,_Varbanov_II__4995_(DDa)_,_AE-28,_Q-001_7h_28mm_17,71g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III. 2189, AE-28, OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, #1125 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III. 2189, AE-28, OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, #1
avers:- AYT K M AVP CEY ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate head right (Ve).
revers:- OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, looking left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 28,0mm, weight: 17,71g, axis:7h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov(Engl.,2007) III. 2189 (Ve),
Q-001
quadrans
051p_Caracalla_(196-198_Cae,198-217_A_D__Aug),_Thrace,_Serdica,_Varbanov_III__2191_(Vl)_,_AE-29,_Q-001_1h_28,5-29,5mm_17,90g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III. 2191, AE-29, OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, #194 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Thrace, Serdica, Varbanov III. 2191, AE-29, OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, #1
avers:- AYT K M AVP CEY ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right (Vl).
revers:- OYΛΠIAC CEPΔIKHC, Asklepios standing front, looking left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 28,5-29,5mm, weight: 17,90g, axis:1h,
mint: Thrace, Serdica, date: A.D., ref: Varbanov(Engl.,2007) III. 2191 (Vl),
Q-001
quadrans
053_Geta_(209-211_A_D_)_AE-17_Nikopolis_L-AVT-K-L-GETAC_NIKOPOLITON-PROC-I_Varbanov_4-column-Temple_Q-001_7h_16-18mm_3,52ga-s~0.jpg
053p Geta (209-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.22.46.03, AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I,64 views053p Geta (209-211 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HHJ-08.22.46.03, AE-17, NIKOΠOΛITΩN-ΠPOC-I,
avers:- Λ•AVP•KA-ΓETAC, Bare headed and draped of the younger Geta right.
revers:- ΝΙΚOΠO-ΛΙTΩN-ΠPOC-I, Front of tetrastyle temple, within statue of Asklepios with snake staff.
exe: -/-//ΠPOC-I, diameter: 16-18mm, weight: 3,52g, axis:7h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, date: 198-209 A.D., ref: HHJ-08.22.46.03,
Q-001
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058.jpg
054 Carinus9 viewsEMPEROR: Carinus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carinus to right, seen from front
REVERSE: AEQVITAS AVGG; Aequitas standing left, holding scales in her right hand and cornucopiae with her left; A in right field
DATE: 283-284 AD
MINT: Lugdunum
WEIGHT: 3.70 g
RIC: V-2.212
BASTIEN: 533 (58 EX.)
Barnaba6
054_Macrinus,_RIC_IV-II_022a,_Antioch,_AR-Den_,_IMP_C_M_OPEL_SEV_MACRINVS_AVG,_PONTIF_MAX_TR_P_COS_P_P,_217_AD_Q-001,_7h,_18,5-20mm,_3,78g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, 152 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front,
avers: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, head right, holding two standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight:3,78g, axis: 7h,
mint: Antioch, date: 217 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 22a, BMCRE 38, RSC 60.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
47Hadrian__RIC77.jpg
0544 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-122 AD Roma34 viewsReference.
Strack 121; RIC III, 544; c. 1104

Bust C1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG.
Laureate, draped, bust viewed from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III.
Roma seated left on cuirass, shield behind, Victory in right hand, vertical spear in left

3.26 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
5Hadrian__RIC78.jpg
0544 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-123 AD Roma24 viewsReference.
Strack 121; RIC III, 544; c. 1104; RIC II, 77

Bust C1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, bust viewed from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III.
Roma seated left on cuirass, holding spear and Victory, shield with quiver behind.

3.40 gr
19 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_055f_img.jpg
055 - Commodus Denarius - RIC III (Commodus) 01324 viewsObv:– M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev: TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P, Aequitas standing front, head left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 180-181
Reference:– RIC III (Commodus) 13. RSC 809.
maridvnvm
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_A_D__Caesar,_218_A_D__Augustus),_Makriannopoliton,_HJ-06_25_1_2_Q-001_0h_17-18mm_3,47g-s~0.jpg
055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02var., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle,178 views055p Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), Moesia, Markianopolis, Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02var., AE-18, MAPKIANO ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle,
avers: M-OΠEΛΛI-ANTΩNEINO (NE are ligate), Bare, draped bust right.
revers: MAPKIANO-ΠOLEIΤΩN, Eagle, standing front, head right, in its beak wreath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,47g, axis: 0h,
mint: Moesia, Markianopolis, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: Hristova/Jekov (2011) No. 06.25.01.02.var.,
Q-001
quadrans
58Hadrian__RIC95.jpg
0595 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-123 AD Pax seated44 viewsReference.
Strack 118; RIC II, 95; Kamp.: 32.90.13; C 1147c; RIC III, 595

Bust C1

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped, bust viewed from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III
Pax seated left holding Victory on globe and branch.

3.23 gr
19 mm
12h
okidoki
59d.jpg
059d Severus Alexander. AR denarius15 viewsobv: IMP P ALEXANDER PIVS AVG laur.drp. on shoulders bust r.
rev: PROVIDENTIAE AVG Prov. front l. holdingcorn ears and anchor, on grown modius
hill132
059p_Annia_Faustina_(-221_A_D_),_RPC_IV_(T)_6277,_Pamphylia,_Aspendus,_AE-18,__________,_Q-001_6h_17-18mm_3,91g-s.jpg
059p Annia Faustina ( ?-221 A.D.), RPC IV (T) 6277, Pamphylia, Aspendus, AE-18, ΑСΠƐΝΔΙΩΝ, Front view of double-pediment temple, Rare !180 views059p Annia Faustina ( ?-221 A.D.), RPC IV (T) 6277, Pamphylia, Aspendus, AE-18, ΑСΠƐΝΔΙΩΝ, Front view of double-pediment temple, Rare !
avers: ΑΝΝΙΑΝ ΦΑΥϹΤƐΙΝΑΝ ϹƐΒ, Diademed and draped bust of Annia Faustina, right.
reverse: ΑСΠƐΝΔΙΩΝ, Front view of double-pediment temple enclosing a statue of Aphroditai Kastnietides each.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,0-18,0mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Pamphylia, Aspendus, date: 221 A.D., ref: RPC IV (T) 6277, Peus 388, 1 Nov. 2006, lot 1132, R !,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Elagabalus-RIC-068.jpg
06. Elagabalus.12 viewsDenarius, 218-222 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
2.50 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #68.
Callimachus
548Hadrian_RIC616var.jpg
0616 Hadrian AS Roma 121-122 AD Pax standing36 viewsReference.
RIC 616; Strack 575; C. 1142

Obv.IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III in field S-C
Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia.

12.24 gr
27 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
Severus-Alexander_AR-Den_IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG_IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI_RIC-IV-II_-p-_C-_-AD_Q-001_0h_19,5-20,5mm_2,27g-s.jpg
062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,90 views062 Alexander Severus ( 221-222 A.D. Caesar, 222-235 A.D. Augustus), RIC IV-II 239, Rome, AR-Denarius, IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing front,
avers: IMP-ALEXANDER-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
revers: IOVI-PRO-PVG-NATORI, Jupiter standing front, head turned right, holding an eagle and hurling thunderbolt.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date: 231 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-239, p-_RSC-84,
Q-001
quadrans
constantius2.jpg
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.75 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
LordBest
RI_064jw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - O2 - RIC -34 viewsObv:– IMP CA L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Reference(s) – BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064iw_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -27 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORTV-NA REDVCI, Hilaritas, standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194-195
Ref:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.
maridvnvm
RI_064ma_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R AVG, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. RIC -. RSC -.

This reverse legend not listed for Septimius Severus at Laodicea.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064pa_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -19 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP I-I, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT RDEVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC -

This brittle coin was broken and being held together by the 2x2 it was held in. I didn't know this until I freed it and dozens of little flakes of coin poured out. They were too small for me to make any attempt at reconstruction.
maridvnvm
RI_064si_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -12 viewsDenarius
Obv:- L SEPT SEV PE-RET AVG IMP I - I, laureate head right
Rev:- FORTVN R-EDVCV (sic), Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae.
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 194
Reference(s) – BMC -. RIC -. RSC -. 0 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_064dj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 114 var. (Barbarous imitation)28 viewsObv:– L SEP SEV PERT AVG IM C P X, Laureate head right
Rev:– MART[I V]IC, Mars standing front, head right, resting right hand on shield set on low base, spear in right hand.
RIC 114 var
This coin looks like it is a barbarous imitation of RIC 114. Whilst the style is quite pleasing the legends are quite severely blundered.

Ex. Forvm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064au img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 13617 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P VII COS II P P, Fortuna standing front, head right, holding a cornucopiae and rudder: prow left
Minted in Rome, A.D. 199 - 200
References:– VM 108/1, RIC 136 (Common), RSC 452
maridvnvm
RI 064t img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26642 viewsObv:– SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
References:– RIC 266 (Common), RCV02 6285, RSC222
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064lb_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26620 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
maridvnvm
RI_064lj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 26626 viewsObv:- SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right
Rev:- INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis, goddess of Carthage, with elaborate headdress, looking front, riding right on springing lion, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, water gushing from rocks at left below
Minted in Rome, A.D. 203
Reference:– RIC 266. RSC 222.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064cy img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 43317 viewsObv:–IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P III IMP V COS II, Captive, wearing peaked cap, seated on ground, hands tied behind back, in front bow, quiver, shields??
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 195
Reference(s) – Cohen 659. RIC 433 (Scarce).
maridvnvm
RI 064bi img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 45335 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 (Scarce), RSC 157
maridvnvm
RI_064bi_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 4534 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-EDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 (Scarce), RSC 157
maridvnvm
RI_064be_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var20 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to a possibly rusty die or even smotthing down burrs from a freshly made die.
maridvnvm
RI 064be img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var76 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to the freshly prepaired die. A circle is also visible which is probably a guide line for the engraving of the legend.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail 1.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 148 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI_064be_rev_crop.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail11 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 237 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064hl img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)26 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Ref:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)

Unusual obverse legend break PER-T as opposed to the more usual PE-RT.
maridvnvm
RI_064px_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)14 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-E-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)
maridvnvm
RI_132hl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 479A (b)12 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PER-T AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right
Rev:– FORT REDVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas) standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare. A.D. 196
Ref:– BMCRE 443a. RIC IV 479A (b) (R2)

Unusual obverse legend break PER-T as opposed to the more usual PE-RT.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064q img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 502b15 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing front, head left, holding a standard in each hand
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198-200
References:– BMC 285.654., RIC 502b (Common), RCV02 6269, RSC 78a
maridvnvm
RI_064pj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus Sestertius - RIC 74343 viewsObv:- L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, Laureate head right
Rev:- P M TR P V COS II P P, S-C, Genius, naked, standing front, head left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over lighted, garlanded altar left and golding two corn ears downwards in left hand
Minted in Rome A.D 197.
Reference:- RIC 743 (Rated Scarce). BMCRE 621 (same reverse die). Cohen 441.
maridvnvm
Maximinus-I_axis-6h_18-19mm_3,07g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #1100 views065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #1
avers: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long scepter.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 03, p-, C 55,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P_RIC-IV-3_C-55_Rome-235-AD_002_Q-002_7h_18,5-19mm_2,83g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #266 views065 Maximinus I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #2
avers: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long scepter.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,83g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 03, p-, C 55,
Q-002
quadrans
RI_066bu_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Ae As - RIC 532b24 viewsObv:- ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVII IMP III COS IIII P P - S C, Mars, helmeted in military dress, cloak over left arm, standing front, head left, right knee slightly bent, holding branch raised in right hand and vertical spear in left hand. Items on ground. I cannot really make them out but at magnification they look like helmet on left, cuirass between legs and spear resting on shield.

This seems to generally match RIC 532b, which cites Cohen 260. RIC 532a is the same reverse type with a Laureate head right. BMCRE does not include this type with this bust but does include the type in the notes to BMCRE 268. BMCRE 268, which is the Laureate head type is described as right foot on helmet with cuirass? to right.
maridvnvm
GI_066m_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla AE31 - Amasia, Pontos, Burning altar 20 viewsAE31
Obv: AU KAI M AUR ANTWNINOS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front.
Rev: ADR SEU AN AMASIAS MH NE P P / ET - CH, Burning altar with tree to left
Minted in Amaseia/Amasia, Pontos, 208-209 AD

15.08 gms, 30.95 mm
maridvnvm
RI 066z img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Antoninianus - RIC 264b46 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Radiate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Sol radiate, standing front, head left, raising right hand and holding sceptre
Minted in Rome. A.D. 215.
Reference:– Van Meter 4/3. RIC 264b. RSC 287b.
A bit scrappy.

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI_066bq_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC 00424 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066x img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 030a (Fouree)25 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Older boys laureate bust, draped and cuirassed right
Rev:– PONTIF TR P III, Caracalla, as Sol, standing front, head left holding globe and spear
Reference:– RIC 30a
Some parts of core exposed.
maridvnvm
RI 066an img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 22239 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACATORI, Mars standing front, head left, holding branch and spear, resting left hand on shield at side
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– Van Meter 46. RIC 222 (Scarce). RCV02 6818. RSC 149.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066ba img~0.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 251238 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, with serpent-entwined wand; globe on ground at right
Minted in Rome, A.D. 215
References:– BMCRE 103, RIC 251, RSC 302
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066ac img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 25135 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:- P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, holding serpent-entwined wand; globe on ground, right
Minted in Rome. A.D. 215
Reference:– RIC 251. RSC 302

SOLD
maridvnvm
RI 066ba img~1.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 251 (New Image)25 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate bust right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Aesculapius standing front, head left, with serpent-entwined wand; globe on ground at right
Minted in Rome, A.D. 215
References:– BMCRE 103, RIC 251, RSC 302

Updated image
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 066u img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 275a35 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate head right
Rev:– P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter, naked, standing front, head left, with thunderbolt & scepter.
Reference:– RIC 275a. RSC 337
maridvnvm
RI_066bo_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla Denarius - RIC IV 00413 viewsDenarius
Obv:– M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SEVERI AVG PII FIL, sacrificial implements
Minted in Rome. A.D. 196
Reference:– BMCRE 186 has matching bust type though not illustrated. RIC 4 (though bust from front rather than the more usual rear). RSC 587.
maridvnvm
GI 066b img.jpg
066 - Caracalla, AE26, Markianopolis, Nemesis58 viewsAE26 (5 Assarion)
Obv:– ANTWNINOC AVGOVCTOC IOVLIA DOMNA, Confronted busts of Caracalla and Julia Domna
Rev: VP KVNTILIANOV MARKIANOPOLITWN, Nemesis standing left, holding scales and short torch (arshin), wheel at side. E in field
Minted in MARKIANOPOLIS (Moesia Inferior).

The following information comes courtesy of Patricia Lawrence:-

“...I can't just cite Pick. When she holds the scales as well as the goad and has the wheel, it is fair to call her Nemesis-Aequitas. But yours is a plain, straightforward Nemesis. No holding of the cloth of her dress, no griffin by her wheel (Pick 676), which I'd call fancy Nemesis, and no scales of Aequitas (Dikaiosyne) in outstretched right hand (Pick 677). Nor did I identify it in Varbanov's list. If he'd seen it in a regional collection or in a recent auction catalogue, it would be there......just cite "cf. AMNG I, 1, no. 677 (which also has scales)".”
2 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_066n_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla, AE27, Markianopolis 18 viewsAE27
Obv:- AY K M AY ANTWNINOC AY K P CEP, GETAC in exergue, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right confronting laureate and draped bust of Geta left;
Rev:- Y FL OYLPIANOY MAPKIANOPOLITWN, Concordia standing slightly left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, E (mark of value) lower left;
Minted in Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria). Consular Legate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D
Reference:– Varbanov (Engl.) 1083

27.33 mm. 11.74 gms. 0 degrees.
maridvnvm
241_Hadrian__RIC662.jpg
0662 Hadrian AS Roma 125-28 AD Janus standing44 viewsReference.
RIC 662; C 281.

Obv. HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS
laureate bust r., drapery on l. shoulder

Rev. COS - III S - C in field
Janus standing front, holding sceptre and resting l. hand on hip.

12.06 gr
26 mm
h6
okidoki
209Hadrian__RIC_669_var.jpg
0669 Hadrian AS Roma 125-28 AD Salus leaning on Column32 viewsReference.
cf. RIC 669 unlisted in RIC; cf Strack 613

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front

Rev. COS III in field S-C
Salus standing right "next to column", holding and feeding snake from patera in left.

10.19 gr
24x26 mm
okidoki
RI_068r_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius (as Augustus) - RIC 08827 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERALITAS AVG V, Liberalitas, draped, standing front, head left, holding abacus up in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210 - 212
Reference:– BMC 65-66a (different reverse legend break). RIC 88. RSC 68.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_068ag_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 07917 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P III COS II P P, Janus, two-headed, standing front, looking left and right, naked to waist, holding vertical reverse spear in right hand and thunderbolt in left.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– BMC P. 422, 13. RIC 79 (Scarce). RSC 197. 19 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068af_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 08012 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P III COS II P P, Felicitas standing front, head left, holding cornucopia and long caduceus
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference:– BMC p. 422, 15. RIC 80. RSC 198. 7 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_068ac_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 08814 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– LIBERALITAS AVG V, Liberalitas, draped, standing front, head left, holding abacus up in right hand, cornucopia in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 210 - 212
Reference:– BMC 65-66a. RD 31 ex. RIC 88. RSC 68
maridvnvm
916Hadrian_RIC342.jpg
068 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Genius standing Eastern mint15 viewsReference.
RIC cf342; Strack *31; -- BMC pag. 300

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front

Rev. COS III
Genius, standing left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over altar and holding cornucopiae in left

3.02 gr
20 mm
6h
okidoki
RI 069a img.jpg
069 - Macrinus Denarius - RIC 002115 viewsObv:– IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PONTIF MAX TR P P P, Jupiter, nude, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
Minted in Rome, September 217 A.D.
References:– RIC 2, RSC 70
Titles PONTIF MAX TR P P P (no COS) are rare on denarii. No specimens of this coin in Reka Devnia hoard, for example. Combined with medium beard length of portrait increases interest. Macrinus was letting his beard grow and the same coin can also be found with either short or long beard! This is second issue, date c. Sept. 217
maridvnvm
945_P_Hadrian_Strack30.jpg
070 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Genius-Fortunus standing Eastern mint28 viewsReference.
Strack *32;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COS III
Genius-Fortunus standing front, head to left, holding rudder with her right hand and cornucopiae with her left

3.51 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
1191_P_Hadrian_eastern.jpg
070var Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Fortuna standing Eastern mint18 viewsReference.
cf Strack *32;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Laureate head right

Rev. COS III
Fortuna standing front, head to left, holding patera with her right hand and cornucopiae with her left

3.39 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_071ab_img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 14621 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SVMMVS SACERDOS AVG, Elagabalus standing half-left, sacraficing over a patera over an altar and holds a branch. Star in left field
Minted in Rome. A.D. 222 onwards
Reference– BMC 232. RIC 146. RSC III 276.

Remanants of star in right field. The die having been re-engraved to place the star correctly in front of the emperor.
maridvnvm
RI_071ac_img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 17728 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Elagabalus standing holding a patera over an altar and a branch. Star in left field
Minted in Rome. A.D. 221
Reference– BMC 339. RIC 177. RSC III 196

Remanants of star in right field. The die having been re-engraved to place the star correctly in front of the emperor.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_RIC_116_AR-Den__IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI_p-27_4th-iss__C-403_Rome_241-243-AD_Rare_Q-001_7h_19,5-20,5mm_2,93g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Rare!, #167 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III 116, AR-Denarius, Rome, VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Rare!, #1
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: VIRTVTI-AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front with club in right hand at feet.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,93g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 241-243 A.D.(4th Issue), ref: RIC IV-III 116, p-27, C-403,
Q-001
quadrans
Gordian-III_AE-Den_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_IOVI-S-TATOR_RIC-_AD_Q-001_axis-6h_19-20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,103 views072 Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), RIC IV-III ???, AE-Denarius???, Rome, IOVI STATOR,
avers: IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
revers: IOVI-S-TATOR, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome??, date: A.D., ref: RIC-, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus-III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-27_AVTK____W________C_V__V_CABMO_ECTOVNIKO_O_EIT_N_P_OCICTPON__Nic_ad_Istr__HHJ-08_36_4_-,_M_Inf_Q-001_6h_26,5-28mm_12_2g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,132 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ (2012) 08.36.05.??, AE-28, Athena standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-M-ANT-W-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ (AVΓ ligate), Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, laureate, right.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEITΩN-ΠP (ΠP ligate), in right field one below the other POC [I]C[T]P, in upper left field ON (Γ?), Athena in long girded double chiton, helmeted, standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on inverted spear and holding with lowered right hand shield seen from inside set on ground.
exe: O/N/Γ(?)//O/C/I/C/T/P//--, diameter: 26,5-28mm, weight: 12,2g, axis: 6h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus (241-244 A.D.,) date: 241-244 A.D.,
ref. a) not in AMNG:
AMNG I/1, 2051 (for the type only)
b) Varbanov (engl.) 4177 (but Varbanov doesn't differentiate between different legend
distributions!)
c) not in Hristova-Hoeft-Jekov (2015)
rev. No. 8. 36.4 (for the depiction only)
obv. e.g. No. 8.36.4.4 (same die)
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus-III_(238-244_A_D_)_AE-27_AVT-K-_-___-W-________C-(_V_)_V_-CAB-MO_ECTOV-NI-KO_O_EIT(_N)-(_P)_O-C-I-C_Nicop-ad-Istr_HHJ-08_36_5_1-Q-1-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,65 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, HrHJ 08.36.05.01, AE-27, VΠ CAB MOΔECTOV NIKOΠOΛEIT(ΩN) (ΠP) O/C/I/C, Demeter standing frontal,
avers:- AVT-K-Μ-ΑΝΤ-W-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-(ΑVΓ), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear.
revers:- VΠ-CAB-MOΔECTOV-NI-KOΠOΛEIT(ΩN)-(ΠP)_O-C-I-C, Demeter standing frontal, head left, resting with raised left hand on long burning torch and holding in right hand grain-ears.
exe: -/O/C/I/C//--, diameter: 27mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Moesia, Nicopolis Ad Istrum, Sabinius Modestus 241-244 A.D., date: 241-244 A.D., ref: Hristova/Hoeft/Jekov 08.36.5.1,
Q-001
quadrans
074-Philippus-I_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_ANNONA-AVG-G_Q-001_0h_19,5-22mm_3,95g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0028c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, ANNONA AVG G, Annona standing front, head left, #165 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0028c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, ANNONA AVG G, Annona standing front, head left, #1
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- ANNONA AVG G, Annona (Corn-harvest) standing front, head left, holding two corn-ears and cornucopia, at her feet, modius filled with corn-ear.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter:19,5-22mm, weight:3,95g, axis:0h,
mint: Rome, date:245-247A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-028c, p-, RSC 25, Sear 2553,
Q-001
quadrans
678_P_Hadrian_RPC757.JPG
0757 THRACE, Sestos, Hadrian, Lyre19 viewsReference.
RPC III, 757; McClean 4180; Varbanov 2982.

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. СΗСΤΙωΝ
Lyre

2.88 gr
16 mm
5h
okidoki
1141_P_Hadrian_RPC757.jpg
0757 THRACE, Sestos, Hadrian, Lyre9 viewsReference.
RPC III, 757; McClean 4180; Varbanov 2982.

Obv. ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. СΗСΤΙωΝ
Lyre

2.76 gr
17 mm
12h
okidoki
1140_P_Hadrian_RPC.jpg
0759A THRACE, Coela Hadrian, Prow left23 viewsReference.
RPC III 759A

Obv. IMP CAESARI TRAI-AN [HADRIANΟS]
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, seen from front

Rev. AEL MVNICIPI COILANO
Prow to left with two rowers

4.46 gr
16 mm
12h
okidoki
076-Philippus-II_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PM-T-RP-VI-COS-PP_RIC-Not-in_Antioch_249-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,75 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III --- Not in!!!, Antioch, AR-Antoninianus, P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor standing left, Rare!!!,
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from the front.
revers:- P M TR P VI COS P P, Emperor veiled, standing left, holding scepter and sacrificing out of patera over lighted tripod.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-Not in RIC !!!,Unlisted RIC with this obverse style, Rare !!! (known = 6), RSC 40var.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
GI 077d img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE26, Markianopolis, Hera32 viewsAE26 (Pentassarion)
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔPOC KAI IOVΛIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VΠ TIB IOVΛ ΦHCTOV MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing with long dressing- gown, holding patera and scepter. E in right field
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Reference:– Moushmov 732 ??
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077ay_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander Denarius - RIC -29 viewsObv:- IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- LIBERTAS AVG, Aequitas, standing front, head left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left;
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 223.
Reference:– BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

An oddity mixing the legend and deity.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 077ad img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 00542 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped, bust right
Rev:– P M TR P COS P P, Jupiter, naked, but for cloak behind, over arms, standing front, head left, holding thunderbolt and long sceptre
Minted in Rome, A.D. 222
References:– VM 35/1, RIC 5 (Common), RCV02 7891, RSC 204
maridvnvm
RI 077y img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 28946 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped bust right
Rev:– MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing front, head left holding branch & spear.
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 289, RSC 173
maridvnvm
RI 077al img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 29425 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PROVID DEORVM, Providentia standing. front, head left, leaning on column to right, holding cornucopia and wand over globe
Minted in Antioch. A.D. 222-228
Reference:– RIC 294. RSC 495a
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077ax_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander, Sestertius - RIC 58620 viewsObv:- IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- MONETA_AVGVSTI, S-C, Moneta draped, standing front, head left, holding scales in right hand and cornucopiae in left; fold of drapery over left arm; at foot left, die?.
Minted in Rome.
Reference:- RIC 586 (Rated R). BMC 204.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_079i_img.jpg
079 - Julia Mamaea denarius - RIC 35121 viewsIVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right
Rev:– VENERI FELICI, Venus standing front, head right, holding Cupid & scepter
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 351, RSC 60, BMC 189
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 079e img.jpg
079 - Julia Mamaea denarius - RIC 35841 viewsObv:– IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, Diademed & draped bust right
Rev:– VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing front, head left, with helmet & scepter, shield at feet
References:– RIC 358, RSC 76
maridvnvm
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PANNONIAE_RIC-26_C-81_Q-001_21mm_3_21g.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #1,73 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #1,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5 mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-001
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PANNONIAE_RIC-26_C-81_Q-002_21-24mm_3_68g.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #2,71 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #2,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-23,5 mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-002
quadrans
079_Traianus-Decius,_RIC_IV-III_026,_IMP_C_M_Q_TRAIANVS_DECIVS_AVG,_PANNONIAE,_p122-249-51-AD_Q-004_6h_20,5-22,5mm_3,93g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,135 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5 mm, weight: 3,938g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-004
2 commentsquadrans
626Hadrian_RIC841.jpg
0841 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Africa21 viewsReference.
RIC 841f; BMCRE 1712; Cohen 143; Strack 709

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, laureate, draped, right.

Rev.AFRICA S C in ex.
Africa, draped, wearing elephant-skin headdress, reclining left, resting left arm on rock, holding scorpion in right hand and cornucopiae in left; basket of corn-ears front.

10.78 gr
27 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
654Hadrian_RIC841.jpg
0841 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Africa OSTROGOTHS. Uncertain king. Follis circa VI cent.20 viewsReference. very rare
RIC 841; C 147. BMC 1714. MEC I, 66 for countermark.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate and draped bust right; in front XLII.

Rev. AFRICA
Africa reclining left, wearing elephant-trunk, holding scorpion and cornucopia; in front, basket of corn.

12.22 gr
26 mm
6h

From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection.
okidoki
852Hadrian_RIC844.jpg
0844 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Alexandria reclining49 viewsReference.
Strack 711; RIC II 844; C 161.

Obv HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bareheaded and draped bust r. wearing paludamentum

Rev. ALEXANDRIA below S C
Alexandria reclining l., holding ears of corn and vine branch; in front of her, ears of corn growing.
snake gliding from lap

11.44 gr
28 mm
6h

Note.
Ex NAC sale 78, 2014, 2249.
2 commentsokidoki
248Hadrian__RIC850f.JPG
0850 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Dacia37 viewsReference. Scarce
RIC 850;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from back.

Rev. in ex. DACIA S-C in field
Dacia seated left on rock, holding vexillum and curved sword (Falx); r. foot rests on globe?

11.52 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
At the time of the Dacian wars researchers have estimated that only ten percent of Spanish and Gallic warriors had access to swords, usually the nobility. By contrast Dacia had rich resources of iron and were prolific metal workers. It is clear that a large percentage of Dacians owned swords, greatly reducing Rome's military advantage.[7]
Marcus Cornelius Fronto described the large gaping wounds that a falx inflicted, and experiments have shown that a blow from a falx easily penetrated the Romans' lorica segmentata, incapacitating the majority of victims.
1 commentsokidoki
RI 087g img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 06351 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing front, head left holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Rome. Third Issue. A.D. 240
Reference:– RIC 63, RSC 25
Weight 4.04 gms
Dimensions 22.62mm

Still needs cleaning
maridvnvm
RI 087h img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 08442 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing front, head right, holding long sceptre and thunderbolt
Minted in Rome. Fourth Issue. A.D. 241 - 243
Reference:– Van Meter 21, RIC 84, RSC 109
Weight 4.45 gms
Dimensions 23.03mm
maridvnvm
RI 087b img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09543 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.86 gms
Dimensions 22.17mm
maridvnvm
RI 087p img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 09538 viewsObv:– IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing front, head right, holding club on rock and lion skin
Minted in Rome
Reference:– Van Meter 64, RIC 95, RSC 404
Weight 4.37 gms
Dimensions 21.77mm
maridvnvm
RI 087aa img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Æ Sestertius - RIC 335a51 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:– PAX AVGVSTI / S C, Pax standing front, head left, holding branch and scepter
Minted in Rome, End July A.D. 238 – End July A.D. 239
Reference:– Van Meter 94, RIC 256a
Weight 14.37 gms
Dimensions 29.71mm
maridvnvm
GI_087f_img.jpg
087 - Gordian III, AE29, Odessos29 viewsObv:– ANTWNIOC GORDIANOC, AVT K M below, Confronted draped busts of Gordian & Serapis
Rev:– ODECCEITWN, Emperor in military attire, standing left, holding Victory on globe in right hand, inverted spear in left, right foot resting on prow; E in left field
Minted in Odessos.
References:- Varbanov (Engl.) 4493. AMNG 2362

29.02mm x 27.74mm. 13.44gms.

Pick writes: This type possibly refers to a visit of the emperor to Odessos.

Many thanks to Pekka K and Jochen for the attribution information.
maridvnvm
dom_1445.jpg
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445122 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.). BNC 362.
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian era...one wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
RI_092g_img.jpg
092 - Philip II Antoninianus - Bland 6419 viewsObv:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate bust right, seen from the front
Rev:- AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia
Minted in Antioch
Reference:– RIC 240(a)var. RSC 1 var. Bland 64

A scarcer eastern variant with a front facing bust.
maridvnvm
GI 092a img.jpg
092 - Phillip II, AE26, Mesembria, Nemesis27 viewsAE26
Obv:– MAP IOVΛIOΣ ΦIΛΛIΠOI KAICA/P, Confronted busts of Philip II and Serapis
Rev:– MECAMBPIANΩN, Nemesis standing left, holding rod and bridle; wheel at side
Minted in Thrace, Mesembria
Reference:– Varbanov II (Bulg.) no. 2689
maridvnvm
GI 092b img.jpg
092 - Phillip II, AE26, Mesembria, Zeus26 viewsAE26
Obv:– M AP IOVΛIOX ΦIΛΛIΠOC KAICAP, Confronted busts of Philip II and Serapis
Rev:– MECAMBPIANΩN, Zeus standing left, holding patera and sceptre, eagle at feet
Minted in Thrace, Mesembria
Reference:– Thanks to Jochen for the attribution as followa "Varbanov (engl.) has your coin listed as #4298 and cites Ivan Karajotov, The Coinage of Mesambria, 2001, where it is #395. rated as r5 (100-200 ex.)"
maridvnvm
GI 077c img.jpg
092 - Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, AE25, Markianopolis, Dikaiosyne27 viewsAE25
Obv:– AVT K M AVP CEVH ALEXANDROC KAI IOVLIA MAICA, Confronted busts of Alexander and Maesa
Rev:– VP TIB IOVL FHCTOV MARKIANOPOLEITWN, Dikaiosyne/Aequitas standing with scales and cornucopiae; on her arm – her article of clothing. E in right field.
Magistrate Tiberius Julius Festus
Minted in Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior

Ref??? Any help most welcome.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Valerianus-II__AR-Ant_P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES_IOVI-CRESCENTI_RIC-V-I-13_C-29_253-55-AD_Q-002_1h_20-21mm_3,43ga-s.jpg
092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #2127 views092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 013, Rome, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #2
avers:- P-LIC-VALERIANVS-CAES, Radiate, draped bust right, seen from front.
revers:- IOVI-CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 20-21mm, weight: 3,43g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 253-255 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-13, p-118, C-29, Scarce!,
Q-002
quadrans
RI_096g_img.jpg
096 - Trajan Decius - RIC 017b9 viewsObv:– IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI Genius standing front, head to left, holding patera over lighted altar in his right hand and cornucopiae with his left; in left field, standard
Minted in Rome. A.D. 249 - 251
Reference(s) – RIC 17b. RSC 56

4.01 gms, 22.51mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
trajan RIC623-R.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE dupondius - struck 112-114 AD137 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PMTRP COS VI PP (radiate bust right with aegis, drapery on far shoulder)
rev: DACIA AVGVST (Dacia seated left on rock, holds aquila. At her side a child holding corn, in front a child holding grapes), PROVINCIA and S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 623 (S), C.126 (3frcs)
11.36gms, 26mm
Rare

History: D. Terentius Scaurianus, the first governor of Dacia (106–110/112 AD) started to organize the province and it had finished to 112 AD. Scaurianus executed the measures what required to becoming Dacia to the part of the Roman Empire, did the census and the land survey of the conquered areas, even made also several roads. This type of coin is the evidence of that works.
berserker
trajan_RIC642.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE sestertius - struck 104-110 AD71 viewsobv: [IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP] (laureate, draped bust right)
rev: [ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA IN POTESTATEM P R REDACTAE] (Trajan standing to the front, head turned right, holding spear and parazonium; on both sides of him and reclining are the three females figures, Armenia, Euphrates, Tigris), S-C in field
ref: RIC II 642 (R), BMC 1039, C.39 (20frcs)
mint: Rome
22.41gms, 33mm
Rare

History: Trajan declared war against the Parthians, after overrunning Syria, Mesopotamia and Armenia, he defeated in every encounter, establishing several governments, and thereby gaining from the Roman Senate the title of Parthicus.

This coin is worn enough, even the legends are disappeared, too, but shows the result about one of the most impotant Roman conquest.
berserker
V1446dark.jpg
09a Domitian as Caesar RIC 1446113 viewsAR Denarius, 3.04g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, EPHE
RIC 1446 (C). BMC 470. RSC 38. RPC 847 (10 spec.). BNC 363.
Acquired from Lucernae, eBay, January 2015.

In Domitian's first imperial coinage issue he was given special treatment regarding the bust type chosen. The engravers at Ephesus depicted him cuirassed with a cloak draped over his left shoulder. Vespasian and Titus were not engraved so elaborately (although at Antioch Titus' bust is draped). Why this is so is a mystery. Unusually Domitian shares the same reverse types as Vespasian and Titus in this series, unlike at Rome where he largely had his own unique types. This Ceres reverse is probably the most common of his Ephesus denarii.

A worn coin to be sure, but the handsome bust shines through the wear.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
IMG_0172.JPG
1.4 Egypt - Ptolemy II58 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian bronze. 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in Elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shield in front, H - lambda - year 38 PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
IMG_0176.JPG
1.5 Egypt - Ptolemy II64 viewsPtolemy II - 248 BC
Egyptian Bronze, 15 mm
obv. deified Alexander in elephant headress
rev. eagle with spread wings, shild in front, H Lambda - year 38, PTOLEMAIOY BASILEOS
Zam
Philip-I-RIC-010.jpg
10. Philip I.13 viewsAntoninianus, 248 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip I.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVGG / Philip and his son on horseback, galloping side by side. E in field under horses front legs.
3.56 gm., 22.5 mm.
RIC #10; Sear #8976.
Callimachus
3100378.jpg
102. Trajan. AD 98-11731 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Ć Sestertius (34mm, 25.52 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 103-104. Laureate and draped bust right / Front of the Temple of Jupiter: monumental votive arch/gateway; on the sides, from top to bottom, are the following reliefs: biga driven by Victory, aegis, Gigantomachy, arms, and she-wolf suckling twins; the second tier surmounted by a trophy and giant to either side, gateway spandrels with Victories, pediment with Jupiter between two seated figures, panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo), the whole surmounted by six-horse chariot driven by Jupiter and flanked by Victories. RIC II 572-3 var. (bust type); Woytek 187f; Banti 280. Fair, brown patina, some green, areas of minor porosity and cleaning scratches. Rare. Banti cites only one example with this bust type.

EX-CNG eAuction 310 lot 378 190/150
ecoli
726_P_Hadrian_RPC1026.jpg
1026 BITHYNIA Caesarea Germanica Hadrian Ae 33 Zeus standing19 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1026; Rec 3

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟС ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС ΚΑΙСΑΡ СΕΒ
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front

Rev. ΚΑΙΣΑΡΕΙΑΣ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΗΣ (in field), ΚΕΡ-ΣΟΝ
Zeus standing facing, head l., his r. hand resting on sceptre, his l. on his hip.

23 gr
33 mm
10h
okidoki
IMG_9226.JPG
102c. Marciana 10 views Mysia, Parium. Trajan. A.D. 98-117. AE 18. Rare.
Mysia, Parium. Trajan. A.D. 98-117. AE 18 (18.12 mm, 3.86 g, 7 h). TRAIANVS AVG, laureate head of Trajan right / PLOTINA ET MARCIANA AVG, confronted busts of Marciana and Plotina, both diademed and draped. Weber 5151; SNG France 1468. Fine, areas of original encrustation - "as found" - free of the C/M usually seen . Rare.
ecoli
1399Hadrian_Strack_p__219,_41.jpg
1037 Mule Hadrian Denarius Roma 129-30 AD Justitia12 viewsReference.
RIC, III 1037; RIC -; BMC-; Strack p. 219, 41 (Vienna); RSC 883c.

Bust C1

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS. (P P missing)
Laureate, draped bust, viewed from front

Rev. IVSTITIA AVG COS III in ex.
Justitia seated left, patera in right, vertical long scepter in left.

3.30 gr
19 mm
6h

Note Curtis Clay.

These are mules from an old rev. die: the lack of P P in the obverse legend means that it should have been added to the rev. legend, but these coins are from one or more rev. dies that had been engraved before that change was made, and were later erroneously coupled with at least two of the new obv. dies without P P.
1 commentsokidoki
104_Claudius_II__(268-270_A_D_),IMP_C_CLAVD(I)VS_AVG,dot,_IVVENTVS_AVG,_RIC-213,T-1057var_,_Antioch,_iss-3,_off-4,_270,_Q-001,_0h,_20mm,_3,01g-s.jpg
104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1135 views104 Claudius II. (268-270 A.D.), T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 113var., Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, IVVENTVS AVG, -/-//--, Hercules standing, facing, #1
avers:- IMP C CLAVD(I)VS AVG (Legends error I are missing), Bust left, radiate, with traces of drapery to front of truncation, one or two dot under the bust(!!!), (A2l).
revers:- IVVENTVS AVG, Hercules standing, facing, head left, right hand leaning on club, and holding apple in left hand, lion's skin over left arm, (Hercules 4).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,01g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-3, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1057var. (Estiot), RIC V-I 213,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_101c_img.jpg
105 - Volusian Antoninianus - RIC 20611 viewsObv:- IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, Radiate draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev:- VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting left on shield at front
Reference:– RIC 206. RSC 133.
maridvnvm
coin219.JPG
105. Marcus Aurelius41 viewsMarcus Aurelius

The joint succession may have been motivated by military exigency. During his reign Marcus Aurelius was almost constantly at war with various peoples outside the Empire. Germanic tribes and other peoples launched many raids along the long European border, particularly into Gaul — Germans, in turn, may have been under attack from more warlike tribes farther east. In Asia, a revitalized Parthian Empire renewed its assault. A highly authoritative figure was needed to command the troops, yet the emperor himself could not defend both fronts at the same time. Neither could he simply appoint a general to lead one assault; earlier popular military leaders like Julius Caesar and Vespasian had used the military to overthrow the existing government and install themselves as supreme leaders.

Marcus Aurelius solved the problem by sending Verus to command the legions in the East. He was authoritative enough to command the full loyalty of the troops, but already powerful enough that he had little incentive to overthrow Marcus. The plan succeeded — Verus remained loyal until his death on campaign in 169. This joint emperorship was faintly reminiscent of the political system of the Roman Republic, which functioned according to the principle of collegiality and did not allow a single person to hold supreme power. Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.

Virtus

In Roman mythology, Virtus was the god of bravery and military strength. His Greek equivalent was Arete. The word, "Virtus" is commonly used in mottos of universities and other entities.

Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar, Denarius. 155-156 AD. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right / TR POT X COS II, Virtus, helmeted, standing left, holding parazonium & spear. RSC 703. RIC 468
ecoli
coin286.JPG
105a. Faustina II38 viewsFaustina Jr

Originally promised by Hadrian to Lucius Verus, Atoninus betrothed her to his cousin Marcus Aurelius in 139; they married in 145. She was raised to an Augusta the following year. She was said to have had a lively personality, but the late and unreliable Augustan History impugns her character, relating stories of adultery with sailors and gladiators, suggesting that Commodus was either the son of a gladiator (as explanation for his interest in gladiatorial combat), or that Faustina washed herself with the blood of an executed gladiator and then lay with Aurelius in that state. Faustina went with Aurelius on his campaign to the north (170-174) and then to the East, where she died (175). Aurelius consecrated her and founded a second Puellae Faustinianae in her name.

Denarius. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / IVNO, Juno stg. front, head left, holding scepter, feeding peacock at feet out of patera. RIC 688, RSC 120
ecoli
coin217.JPG
105b. Lucius Verus27 viewsLucius Verus was a well educated, active participant in military and political affairs. He had a colorful personality. He is reputed to have been one of the most handsome of emperors whose vanity allowed him to highlight his blond hair with gold dust. The letters of Marcus Cornelius Fronto, teacher to Marcus and Lucius, are far gentler in their portrayal of Lucius' personality and grand life style than are the historical accounts of the biographies included in the Historia Augusta. Whether out of true respect or devoted brotherly love, it is evident that Marcus Aurelius treated Lucius as a partner in governing the empire and commanding its military forces. Typical of his tolerance of others, Marcus Aurelius chronically ignored or defused the questionable behavior and friendships of his brother.

AR Denarius (2.80 gm). Struck 162/3 AD. Bare head right / Providentia standing left holding globe and cornucopiae. RIC III 491 (Aurelius); RSC 156. VF. EX -CNG
ecoli
RI_107ao_img.jpg
107 - Gallienus - RIC 628 var34 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust left (seen from the front)
Rev:– AETERNITAS AVG, She-wolf standing right, suckling twins
Minted in Antioch. Palm branch in exe. A.D. 265-266
Reference:– C. 47 var.; RIC 628 var. Göbl 1628b

Weight 3.58g. 21.80mm. 0 degrees
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 107e img.jpg
107 - Gallienus Antoninianus Gobl 366x49 viewsObv:– GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax standing front, head left, holding olive branch, and transverse sceptre
V in left field
Reference:– Gobl 366x

If anyone knows of any other information on this coin then it would be greatly appreciated.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Rep_AR-Den_MN-Fonteius_Heads-Dioscuri-r-in-field-PP__MN-FONTEI_countermark-F_Crawford-307-1a_Syd-566_Rome_108-07-BC_Q-001_axis-11h_19,5mm_3,31g-s.jpg
108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1139 views108-107 B.C., M.N.Fonteius, Republic AR-Denarius, Crawford 307/1a, Rome, Galley with Rostrum right, #1
avers: Laureate conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right six-pointed star below the chin, P P in front of the face, stars above.
reverse: MN•FONTEI (MN and NTE are ligated), Galley with Rostrum right, F below.
exergue:-/-//F, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 3,31g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 108-07 B.C., ref:Crawford 307-1a, Syd-566, Fonteia 8 var.,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
449_P_Hadrian.JPG
1086 THRACE, Byzantium Hadrian AE 27 117-138 AD Corinthian helmet29 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1086; Varbanov 3657v (rev. legend with TO B after magistrete).


Obv. AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIANOC AVΓ
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front.

Rev. BYZANTIΩN EΠI ΔHMHTPOC TO B
crested Corinthian helmet right, with cheek-pieces

11.60 gr
27 mm
6h
okidoki
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-C-L-TACITVS-AVG-(A3)_PRO-VIDENTIA-AVG-(P2)_XXI-A_RIC-92_T-3530_Iss-3-off-1_Rome-276-AD_Rare_Q_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,54g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #178 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3530, RIC V-I 092, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDENTIA AVG, -/-//XXIA, Bust-A3, Providentia left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia stg. l., holding baton in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand; at feet to l., globe, (Pr2).
exerg: -/-//XXIA, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,54g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-92, T-(Estiot)-3530,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3538_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-C-L-TACITVS-AVG-(A3)_LAETITIA-FVND-(Laet-1)_XXI-B_RIC-89_T-3538_Iss-3-off-2_Rome-276-AD_Q-001_4h_21,5-23mm_3,88g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #168 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3538, RIC V-I 089, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA FVND, -/-//XXIB, Bust-A3, Laetitia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers: LAETITIA-FVND, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath in right hand and anchor in left hand. (Laet-1).
exerg: -/-//XXIB, diameter: 21,5-23mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 4h,
mint: Rome, issue-3., off-2., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-89, T-(Estiot)-3538,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3562_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D2)_VBERTAS-AVG-(U1)_XXI-E_RIC-95_T-3562_iss-3_off-5_Roma_276-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3562, RIC V-I 095, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, VBERTAS AVG, -/-//XXIE, Bust-A3, Uberitas standing left, #166 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3562, RIC V-I 095, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, VBERTAS AVG, -/-//XXIE, Bust-A3, Uberitas standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation.(A3)
revers: VBERTAS-AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse in right hand and cornucopiae in lleft hand. (Uberitas 1)
exerg: -/-//XXIE, diameter: 3mm, weight: ,axes: h,
mint: Rome, iss-3., off.-5th., date: 276 AD., ref: RIC-095, T-(Estiot)-3562, C-, LV 914-31,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3570_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-23mm_4,02g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3569_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21mm_3,40g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #266 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #2
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers: FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-_T-3569_Rome_276-AD_Q-003_5h_21-21,5mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #365 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #3
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-003
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3570_Rome_276-AD_Q-002_0h_22-23,5mm_4,55g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #466 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #4
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 4,55g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-004
quadrans
T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-001_0h_21-22mm_3,23g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #165 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,23g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3578_Tacitus_AE-Silvered-Ant__IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG_CLEMNTIA-TEMP_XXI-Z_RIC-84-RIC-T-3578_276-7-AD__Rome_off-7_issue-3_Q-002_6h_22,5-23,5mm_4,57g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #272 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3578, RIC V-I 084, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CLEMENTIA TEMP, -/-//XXIZ, Bust-A3, Clementia standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation. A3.
revers:- CLEMNTIA-TEMP, Clementia stg. l., holding long sceptre in r. hand, with I. elbow leaning on column. Clementia 1.
exerg: -/-//XXIZ, diameter: 22,5-23,5mm, weight: 4,57g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd.issue, 7th.off, date: 276-77 AD., ref: RIC-84., T-(Estiot)-3578, C-, LV 1080-110,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_161_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_ADVENTVS-PROBI-AVG_R-Z_RIC-161-p-35_Rome_2nd-em_7th-off_277-AD_Q-001_6h_22-24mm_3,94g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 161, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-C, -/-//R Z, Emperor riding left, #1102 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 161, Rome, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-C, -/-//R Z, Emperor riding left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (C var.)
revers:- A-DVENT-V-S-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive.
exerg: -/-//R Z, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,70g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 277-A.D., 2nd. emission, 7th off. ref: RIC-V-II-161, p-35,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PR-OBI-AVG_CONCORD-MILIT_P-XXT_Bust-_RIC-336-p-_Ticinum_-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_22,5-26mm_3,21g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 336, Ticinum, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-G var, -/-//PXXT, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Scarce !337 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 336, Ticinum, CONCORD MILIT, Bust-G var, -/-//PXXT, Emperor clasping hand of Concordia, Scarce !
avers:- VIRTVS-PR-OBI-AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (G var)
revers:- CONCORD-MILIT, Emperor standing left, clasping hand of Concordia satanding right.
exerg: -/-//PXXT, diameter: 22,5-26mm, weight: 3,84g, axis: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-336, p-53, Scarce !,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_KAdotAdot_Bust-F_RIC-880v_p-114_Serdica_4th-emiss_280-81-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_22-22,5mm_3,81g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880v, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//KA•A•, Emperor riding right,84 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880v, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-F, -/-//KA•A•, Emperor riding right,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (F)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KA•A•, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 3,81g, axes:6 h
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 280-81 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-880v, p-114, Not in RIC this officina!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AV-G_KAB_Bust-Fv_RIC-880var-p-114_Serdica_277-AD_Scarce_Q-001_0h_23mm_3,33g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880var, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-Fvar, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, Rare!89 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880var, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-Fvar, -/-//KAB, Emperor riding right, Rare!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PIVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (Fvar)
revers: VIRTVS-PROBI-AV-G, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KAB, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,33g, axes:0 h
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-880 var., p-114, Rare,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PIVS-AVG(F)_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_KA-dot-A-dot_RIC-V-II-880var_-p-114_Serdica-_-AD_Q-001_11h_23mm_4,4ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880var, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-Fvar, -/-//KA•A•, Emperor riding right, Rare!118 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 880var, Serdica, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Bust-Fvar, -/-//KA•A•, Emperor riding right, Rare!
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PIVS-AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (Fvar)
revers:- VIRTVS-PROBI-AV-G, Emperor riding right, spearing enemy, shield beneth the horse.
exergo: -/-//KA•A•, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,4g, axes:11h
mint: Serdica 4ht emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-880 var., p-114, Rare,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_VIRTVS-PROB-I-A-VG-(G)_ADVENTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXI-S_RIC-634-p-85_Alf-9-No-33_Siscia_3rd-em-277-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0009.0033, -/-//XXIϛ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 634, AE-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, Rare!!!273 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0009.0033, -/-//XXIϛ, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 634, AE-Antoninianus, ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, Rare!!!
avers: VIRTVS PR OB I AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. Shield decorated with a scene of the emperor on horse riding right in front of soldiers carrying shields. (E1/G).
reverse: ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding the sceptre, at foot, captive.
exergue: -/-//XXIϛ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 634, p-85, Alföldi 0009.0033, Rare!!!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-()_CONCORDIA-AVG_Q_XXI_RIC-661varNotinbust_Siscia_Alf-22-No-58_AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-22mm_3,67gx-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0022.0058, -/Q//XXI, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 661var. (Bust Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia standing left, Rare!!!179 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0022.0058, -/Q//XXI, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 661var. (Bust Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia standing left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.)
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia standing left, holding patera and single cornucopiae.
exergue: -/Q//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,67 g, axis: 5h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 661var. (Not in RIC this bust variation), p-, C-, Alföldi 0022.0058, Rare!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_023_No_094_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_CONCORDIA-MILIT_XXI-Q_RIC-Not_in_Alf-23-No94_Siscia_AD_Rare_Q-001_7h_21,5mm_3,74g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0023.0094, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 666var. (Bust Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILIT, Emperor and Concordia, Rare!!!115 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0023.0094, -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 666var. (Bust Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILIT, Emperor and Concordia, Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.).
reverse: CONCORDIA MILIT, Emperor standing right, clasping the hand of Concordia.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 21,5 mm, weight: 3,74 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Siscia, 6th.emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 666var. (Bust Not in RIC), p-, C-, Alföldi 0023.0094, Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(left)_CONSERVAT-AVG_P_XXI_RIC-672_p-89_Siscia_7th-em_Alf-27-No-51_280-AD_S_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,38ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0027.0051, -/P//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 672, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing left, Rare!!178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0027.0051, -/P//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 672, AE-Antoninianus, CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing left, Rare!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (F8/Gvar.)
reverse: CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing left, right hand raised, left holding the globe.
exergue: -/P//XXI, diameter:22 mm, weight:3,38g, axis:6h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emiss., date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 672, p-89, C-, Alföldi 0027.0051, Rare!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_---_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-INV-AVG_FELICITAS-AVG-N_XXI_RIC-(not-in)-V-II-686var_Alf_-32avar-No-_Siscia_2nd-emission_277-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3_22g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!125 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0032.0000 (This bust Not in from this type !!!), -/-//XXI, Bust A/C, RIC V-II 686var. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left, Extremely Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS INV AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front. (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!)
reverse: FELICITAS AVG N, Felicitas standing left by altar, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
exergue: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 686var., (This bust not listed in RIC from this type!!!),
Q-001
"Thank you for showing this very rare coin reverse FELICITAS AVG(usti) N(ostri), Felicitas holding a long caduceus and a cornucopiae: the draped bust seen from front is unlisted in Alföldi's work on the mint of Siscia under Probus (so ref: Alföldi 32, -), I know it from another coin in a private collection, which shares the same obverse die as yours >> unreferenced coin, two specimens, one obverse die.
The new reverses introduced at that time in the Pannonian mint of Siscia celebrate Probus as "Augustus Noster" (Our Emperor) as the emperor is of Pannonian extraction. The marking which omits the officina number is a clue for an issue of common base aureliani minted parallelly with an imperial donativum in gold.
Very nice coin..S. Estiot" Thank you S.Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_---_A_041_No_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(G_var)_PAX-AVG_XXI-Q_RIC-Not-in_Alf-41-No-Not-in_Siscia_7th-em-280-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0000 (Not in !), -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 704var.(officina Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Rare!!!115 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0041.0000 (Not in !), -/-//XXIQ, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 704var.(officina Not in !), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVG, Pax standing left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.)
reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,64g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 7th emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 704var. Bust and officina not in RIC, Alföldi type 0041.0000 Not in !!!; Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(G_var)_PAX-AVGVSTI_V_XXI_RIC-713_Alf-42-No-No-or-71_without-plaudamentum_Siscia-5th-emiss_278AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0071, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 713var. (Not in this Bust type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!124 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0071, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 713var. (Not in this Bust type!!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (F8/Gvar.)
reverse: PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/V//XXI, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 713var., (Bust and officina not in RIC), Alföldi 0042.0071, Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_PAX-AVGVSTI_V_XXI_RIC-711_Alfoldi-42-no-157var_Siscia_279_Q-001_axis-0h_21,5mm_3,18g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0157var., -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 711, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!! 188 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0157var., -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 711, AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (F8/Gvar.).
reverse: PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/V//XXI, diameter:21,5 mm, weight:3,18g, axis:0h,
mint: Siscia, , date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 711, p-, C-, Alföldi 0042.0157var., Rare!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(G_var)_PAX-AVGVSTI_XXI-T_RIC-711_Alf-42-No-159_Siscia-7th-emiss_280-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0159, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 711var. (Bust and officina not in RIC !!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!110 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0042.0159, -/V//XXI, Bust F8/Gvar., RIC V-II 711var. (Bust and officina not in RIC !!!), AE-Antoninianus, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, Rare!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (F8/Gvar.)
reverse: PAX AVGVSTI, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 7th. emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 711var., Bust and officina not in RIC !!!, Alföldi 0042.0159, Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_748,_112_Probus,_Siscia,_AE-Ant,_IMP_PROBVS_P_F_AVG,_SALVS_AVG,_V_XXI,_7_em__280_AD,R_Q-001,_6h,_21,2-22mm,_3,57g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0065.0000, Not in this Bust!!!, -/V//XXI, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 748var. Not in this Bust!!!, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, Rare!!!218 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0065.0000, Not in this Bust!!!, -/V//XXI, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 748var. Not in this Bust!!!, AE-Antoninianus, SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.).
reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exergue: -/V//XXI, diameter: 21,2-22,0mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 7th emission, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 748var., Bust not in RIC, Alföldi 0065.0000, Not in !!!, Rare!!!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG_VIRTVS-PROBI-AVG_XXI-V_RIC-816var-p-106_Alf-96-No-170_Siscia_282-AD_Bust-and-Offic-NotinRIC_Q-001_axis-0h_22mm_4,00ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0170, -/-//XXIP, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 816, (Bust and officina not in RIC!!!), AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!!155 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0096.0170, -/-//XXIP, Bust E2/Gvar., RIC V-II 816, (Bust and officina not in RIC!!!), AE-Antoninianus, VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from back, shield in front and a spear pointing forward. (E2/Gvar.)
reverse: VIRTVS PR OBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,00g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 816 var, p-106 Bust and officina not in RIC, Alföldi 0096.0170, Rare!!!
Q-001
"- Quadrans' coin (titulature P AVG) is known to me by 2 other examples, both in Paris: one is the coin quoted by Alföldi 96, 170, the other belonged to the collection of the famous epigraphist H.-G. Pflaum, whose collection has been (partly) bought by the Bibliothčque nationale de France. These 3 coins have been struck from the same obverse die." by S. Estiot.
2 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_423F_Numerianus_AE-Ant,_IMP_NVMERIANVS_AVG,_VNDIQVE_VICTORES,_KAS,_RIC_V-II_423F,_p-196,_Rome_3rd-em,_283-AD_Q-001_1h_22,4-24,4mm_4,53g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 423F, Rome, -/-//KAs, VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, #1120 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 423F, Rome, -/-//KAs, VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, #1
avers: IMP NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front, folds of cloak on both shoulders. (F)
revers: VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, holding globe and scepter, seated captive on either side.
exerg: -/-//KAs, diameter: 22,4-24,4mm, weight: 4,53g, axes: 1h,
mint: Rome, 3rd officinae, date: 283A.D., ref: RIC V-II 423F, p-196,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-NVMERIANVS-AVG_VNDIQVE-VICTORES_KAS_RIC-V-II-423F_p-196_Rome-3rd-off_283-AD_Q-001_6h_21-22,5mm_3,75g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 423F, Rome, -/-//KAs, VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, #2129 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 423F, Rome, -/-//KAs, VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, #2
avers: IMP NVMERIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right, seen from front, folds of cloak on both shoulders. (F)
revers: VNDIQVE VICTORES, Numerian standing left, holding globe and scepter, seated captive on either side.
exerg: -/-//KAs, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, 3rd officinae, date: 283A.D., ref: RIC V-II 423F, p-196,
Q-002
quadrans
913_P_Hadrian_eastern_strack55.jpg
115 Hadrian Denarius 134-38 AD Galley Eastern Mint28 viewsReference.
Strack *55; (for Roma mint RIC 352)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head and draped bust right, seen from front

Rev. COS III (in ex)
Galley right with a hortator at stearn

2.89 gr
18 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
Hadrse25-2.jpg
118 AD: Donative of Hadrian upon his first arrival as emperor in Rome to celebrate his accession.239 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (24.3g, 34mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 118.
IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG laureate bust of Hadrian facing right
PONT MAX TR POT COS II around edge LIBERALITAS AVG / S C [in two line in ex.] donation scene with Hadrian seated left on a platform on the right and extending his right hand. In front of him, an attendant seated right giving something to a citizen, who is mounting the steps to the platform. In the background, Liberalitas standing left, holding a tessera
RIC 552 [R]; Cohen 914; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 112:15
3 commentsCharles S
119_Diocletianus,_Heraclea,_RIC_VI_10a,_AR-Argenteus,_DIOCLETI_ANVS_AVG,_VICTORIAE_SARMATICAE,_296_AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-19mm_3,5g-xs.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1146 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC VI 010e (Not in RIC this Officina), AR-Argenteus, -/-/HЄ, VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, Four Tetrarchs, Very Rare! #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIAE SARMATICAE, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/HЄ, diameter: 18,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis:0h ,
mint: Heraclea, date: 296 A.D., ref: RIC VI 010e (? Not in RIC this Officina), p-, Jelocnik -; RSC 491b, Not in RIC this Officina Very Rare!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Diocletianus_AE-28_DIOCLETI-ANVS-AVG_VICTORIA-SARMAT_Siscia-RIC-VI-a_Q-001_axis-6h_26,5-28mm_10,18ga-s.jpg
119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1122 views119a Diocletianus (284-305 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 019a, AR-Argenteus, -/-/--, VICTORIA SARMAT, Four Tetrarchs, #1
avers: DIOCLETI ANVS AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: VICTORIA SARMAT, The Four Tetrarchs sacrificing in front of 6 turreted City gate.
exergue: -/-/--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: ,
mint: Rome, date: A.D., ref: RIC VI 019a, p-, C-488e,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_125u_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC - Bust Type F130 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INS AVG, Sol standing left raising right hand, holding globe in left hand standing on captive in front, another captive behind
Minted at Ticinum
Reference:– RIC -

This coin is relatively interesting in that it illustrates the use of two different reverse dies being struck with the same obverse die. The coin combines a SOLI INVICTO and and ORIENS AVG, both with star in left field and PXXT in exe from the mint at Ticinum. Shadow strikes can be seen of the other captives and on the head of Sol from the other strike.
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI_125ab_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Antoninianus- RIC 06312 viewsObv:– IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed  bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand and palm, resting right foot on bound captive in front, with another bound captive seated behind.
Minted in Rome, (_ | VI //XXI*).
Reference:– Paris-144, LV 849-856. RIC 63.
maridvnvm
RI_125ac_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Antoninianus- RIC 15113 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– ORIENS AVG, Sol standing left, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand and palm, resting right foot on bound captive in front, with another bound captive seated behind.
Minted in Ticinum, (* | _ //TXXT). Emission 2, Officina 3. June - September A.D. 274 (Estiot)
Reference:– Paris-592-594, LV 5005-5064, RIC 151
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_125d_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian, Billon Tetradrachm - Milne 43012 viewsObv:– A K Λ ∆OM AYPHΛIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right (seen from the front)
Rev– Eagle standing right, wreath in beak, palm frond behind
Minted in Egypt, Alexandria. L - A (year 1) across fields; Year 1 of Aurelian, 270 A.D.
Reference:– Milne 4301. Curtis 1734 (noted as a rare variety), BMC Alexandria 2367

7.96 gms. 21.44 mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
12th_Century_Talmud_Front.jpg
12th Century Handwritten Vellum Leaf of the Talmud18 viewsThis page of the Talmud predates publication of the first complete edition of the Talmud in 1540 by Daniel Bomberg. Bomberg employed rabbis, scholars, and apostates at his Venetian publishing house, and was responsible for the first Rabbinic Bible, as well as the first complete Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds. It was once customary for Jews to use old manuscripts as binding material for their newly printed and bound books. This piece is an example of that practice

Ex Living Torah Museum collection
Quant.Geek
DiocleAnt.jpg
1301a, Diocletian, 284-305 A.D. (Antioch)98 viewsDIOCLETIAN (284 – 305 AD) AE Antoninianus, 293-95 AD, RIC V 322, Cohen 34. 20.70 mm/3.1 gm, aVF, Antioch. Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right, draped & cuirassed; Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Jupiter presents Victory on a globe to Diocletian, I/XXI. Early Diocletian with dusty earthen green patina.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
DicletianConcordCyz.jpg
1301b, Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 March 305 A.D.62 viewsDiocletian. RIC V Part II Cyzicus 256 var. Not listed with pellet in exegrue
Item ref: RI141f. VF. Minted in Cyzicus (B in centre field, XXI dot in exegrue)Obverse:- IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Diocletian standing right, holding parazonium, receiving Victory from Jupiter standing left with scepter.
A post reform radiate of Diocletian. Ex Maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Diocletian ( 284-305 A.D.)

Ralph W. Mathisen
University of South Carolina


Summary and Introduction
The Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (A.D. 284-305) put an end to the disastrous phase of Roman history known as the "Military Anarchy" or the "Imperial Crisis" (235-284). He established an obvious military despotism and was responsible for laying the groundwork for the second phase of the Roman Empire, which is known variously as the "Dominate," the "Tetrarchy," the "Later Roman Empire," or the "Byzantine Empire." His reforms ensured the continuity of the Roman Empire in the east for more than a thousand years.

Diocletian's Early Life and Reign
Diocletian was born ca. 236/237 on the Dalmatian coast, perhaps at Salona. He was of very humble birth, and was originally named Diocles. He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy and he was apparently deeply imbued with religious piety He had a wife Prisca and a daughter Valeria, both of whom reputedly were Christians. During Diocletian's early life, the Roman empire was in the midst of turmoil. In the early years of the third century, emperors increasingly insecure on their thrones had granted inflationary pay raises to the soldiers. The only meaningful income the soldiers now received was in the form of gold donatives granted by newly acclaimed emperors. Beginning in 235, armies throughout the empire began to set up their generals as rival emperors. The resultant civil wars opened up the empire to invasion in both the north, by the Franks, Alamanni, and Goths, and the east, by the Sassanid Persians. Another reason for the unrest in the army was the great gap between the social background of the common soldiers and the officer corps.

Diocletian sought his fortune in the army. He showed himself to be a shrewd, able, and ambitious individual. He is first attested as "Duke of Moesia" (an area on the banks of the lower Danube River), with responsibility for border defense. He was a prudent and methodical officer, a seeker of victory rather than glory. In 282, the legions of the upper Danube proclaimed the praetorian prefect Carus as emperor. Diocletian found favor under the new emperor, and was promoted to Count of the Domestics, the commander of the cavalry arm of the imperial bodyguard. In 283 he was granted the honor of a consulate.

In 284, in the midst of a campaign against the Persians, Carus was killed, struck by a bolt of lightning which one writer noted might have been forged in a legionary armory. This left the empire in the hands of his two young sons, Numerian in the east and Carinus in the west. Soon thereafter, Numerian died under mysterious circumstances near Nicomedia, and Diocletian was acclaimed emperor in his place. At this time he changed his name from Diocles to Diocletian. In 285 Carinus was killed in a battle near Belgrade, and Diocletian gained control of the entire empire.

Diocletian's Administrative and Military Reforms
As emperor, Diocletian was faced with many problems. His most immediate concerns were to bring the mutinous and increasingly barbarized Roman armies back under control and to make the frontiers once again secure from invasion. His long-term goals were to restore effective government and economic prosperity to the empire. Diocletian concluded that stern measures were necessary if these problems were to be solved. He felt that it was the responsibility of the imperial government to take whatever steps were necessary, no matter how harsh or innovative, to bring the empire back under control.

Diocletian was able to bring the army back under control by making several changes. He subdivided the roughly fifty existing provinces into approximately one hundred. The provinces also were apportioned among twelve "dioceses," each under a "vicar," and later also among four "prefectures," each under a "praetorian prefect." As a result, the imperial bureaucracy became increasingly bloated. He institutionalized the policy of separating civil and military careers. He divided the army itself into so-called "border troops," actually an ineffective citizen militia, and "palace troops," the real field army, which often was led by the emperor in person.

Following the precedent of Aurelian (A.D.270-275), Diocletian transformed the emperorship into an out-and-out oriental monarchy. Access to him became restricted; he now was addressed not as First Citizen (Princeps) or the soldierly general (Imperator), but as Lord and Master (Dominus Noster) . Those in audience were required to prostrate themselves on the ground before him.

Diocletian also concluded that the empire was too large and complex to be ruled by only a single emperor. Therefore, in order to provide an imperial presence throughout the empire, he introduced the "Tetrarchy," or "Rule by Four." In 285, he named his lieutenant Maximianus "Caesar," and assigned him the western half of the empire. This practice began the process which would culminate with the de facto split of the empire in 395. Both Diocletian and Maximianus adopted divine attributes. Diocletian was identified with Jupiter and Maximianus with Hercules. In 286, Diocletian promoted Maximianus to the rank of Augustus, "Senior Emperor," and in 293 he appointed two new Caesars, Constantius (the father of Constantine I ), who was given Gaul and Britain in the west, and Galerius, who was assigned the Balkans in the east.

By instituting his Tetrarchy, Diocletian also hoped to solve another problem. In the Augustan Principate, there had been no constitutional method for choosing new emperors. According to Diocletian's plan, the successor of each Augustus would be the respective Caesar, who then would name a new Caesar. Initially, the Tetrarchy operated smoothly and effectively.

Once the army was under control, Diocletian could turn his attention to other problems. The borders were restored and strengthened. In the early years of his reign, Diocletian and his subordinates were able to defeat foreign enemies such as Alamanni, Sarmatians, Saracens, Franks, and Persians, and to put down rebellions in Britain and Egypt. The easter frontier was actually expanded.

.
Diocletian's Economic Reforms
Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian's attempt to reissue good gold and silver coins failed because there simply was not enough gold and silver available to restore confidence in the currency. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to curb inflation, served only to drive goods onto the black market. Diocletian finally accepted the ruin of the money economy and revised the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind . The soldiers too came to be paid in kind.

In order to assure the long term survival of the empire, Diocletian identified certain occupations which he felt would have to be performed. These were known as the "compulsory services." They included such occupations as soldiers, bakers, members of town councils, and tenant farmers. These functions became hereditary, and those engaging in them were inhibited from changing their careers. The repetitious nature of these laws, however, suggests that they were not widely obeyed. Diocletian also expanded the policy of third-century emperors of restricting the entry of senators into high-ranking governmental posts, especially military ones.

Diocletian attempted to use the state religion as a unifying element. Encouraged by the Caesar Galerius, Diocletian in 303 issued a series of four increasingly harsh decrees designed to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult, the traditional means by which allegiance was pledged to the empire. This began the so-called "Great Persecution."

Diocletian's Resignation and Death
On 1 May 305, wearied by his twenty years in office, and determined to implement his method for the imperial succession, Diocletian abdicated. He compelled his co-regent Maximianus to do the same. Constantius and Galerius then became the new Augusti, and two new Caesars were selected, Maximinus (305-313) in the east and Severus (305- 307) in the west. Diocletian then retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast. In 308 he declined an offer to resume the purple, and the aged ex-emperor died at Split on 3 December 316.

Copyright (C) 1996, Ralph W. Mathisen, University of South Carolina
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
RI_132px_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 091 - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (IIII)9 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from the front)
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe) Emission 8 Officina 4. Autumn to Late A.D. 281
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 364. RIC 91 Bust type C

Weight 3.82g. 22.61mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_132st_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 112 var - (Lugdunum) (IIII)15 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right (see from the rear)
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Soldier standing left, holding Victory and spear, left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (IIII in exe) Emission 6 Officina 4. A.D. 278 to 279
Reference:– Cohen 816 (Bust not differentiated from Cuirassed from front). Bastien 300 (1 example cited). RIC 112 var (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)

3.99 gms. 0 degrees.

This is an unusual bust type for Probus but especially so at Lugdunum. This would appear to be the third known example of this type.
maridvnvm
RI_132cq_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 116 - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (A in left field)9 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– COMES AVG, Minerva standing left, holding olive-branch and spear, left hand on shield
Minted in Lugdunum (A in left field) Emission 9, Officina 1. January to August A.D. 282
Reference:– Cohen 105. Bastien 374. RIC 116 Bust type C

Weight 4.81g. 22.79mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI 132gs img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 119 - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (D in left field)39 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field) Emission 9, Officina 4. January to August A.D. 282
Reference:– Cohen 401. Bastien 423. RIC 119 Bust type C
Weight 3.49 gms
Size 22.30mm
maridvnvm
RI 132qa img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 119 - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (D in left field)11 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (D in left field) Emission 9, Officina 4. January to August A.D. 282
Reference:– Cohen 401. Bastien 423. RIC 119 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132kg img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 121 var. - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (C in right field)25 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left by altar, holding patera and box of perfumes
Minted in Lugdunum (_ | C) Emission 9 Officina 3. January – August 282 A.D.
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 412 (2 examples). RIC 121 var. Bust Type C (unlisted with this bust type in RIC)
maridvnvm
RI 132cb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 124 - Bust Type C (Lugdunum) (B in right field)26 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, feeding serpent rising from altar, holding patera and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (B in right field) Emission 9, Officina 2. January to August A.D. 282
Reference:– Cohen - . Bastien 393. RIC 124 Bust type C.
maridvnvm
RI 132lk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 160 - Bust type C (Rome) (RA)38 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor on horseback left, raising hand and holding a sceptre, squashed captive underfoot
Minted in Rome (RA in exe). Emission 2 Officina 1. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 160 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132oy img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 161 - Bust type C var. (Rome) (RΔ)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor on horseback left, raising hand and holding a sceptre, squashed captive underfoot
Minted in Rome (RΔ in exe). Emission 2 Officina 1. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 161 Bust type C (var.)
Not listed in RIC with this bust type.
maridvnvm
RI 132tr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 161 var - Bust type F (Rome) (R)25 views
Obv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ADVENTVS PROBI AVG, Emperor on horseback left, raising hand and holding a sceptre, squashed captive underfoot
Minted in Rome (R in exe). Emission 2 Officina 1. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 161 var Bust type F
Not listed in RIC with these marks.
maridvnvm
RI 132qd img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type C (Rome) (RΔ)25 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RΔ in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 190 var. Bust type C (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)
maridvnvm
RI_132jb_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type C (Rome) (RΓ)24 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RΓ in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 190 var. Bust type C (Not listed with this bust type or officina in RIC)
Weight 3.62 gms
Size 24.59mm
maridvnvm
RI 132kv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type C (Rome) (RZ)40 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RZ in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 190 var. Bust type C (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)
Weight 3.35 gms
Size 23.23 mm
maridvnvm
RI 132td img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type F (Rome) (RΓ)27 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RΓ in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 190 var. Bust type F (Not listed with this officina in RIC)
maridvnvm
RI_132td_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type F (Rome) (RΓ)33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RΓ in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 190 var. Bust type F (Not listed with this officina in RIC)

updated image of coin
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132wy_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 190 var. - Bust type F (Rome) (RD)25 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre
Minted in Rome (RD in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 190 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 132jt img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 347 var. Bust type C (front) (Ticinum) (TXXT) 42 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (TXXT in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. A.D. 276
Reference:– RIC 347 var. Bust type C (front) (Not listed with this bust type in RIC)
Bust type C seen from the front is scarcer at this mint than those seen from the rear.
maridvnvm
RI_132kj_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 349 Bust type C (front) (Ticinum) (TXXT) 32 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS . P . F . AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing, looking left, right hand raised, left holding globe
Minted in Ticinum (TXXT) Emission 3 Officina 3. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 349 Bust Type C from front
Martin Griffiths
RI 132mc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 428 var - Bust Type C (Ticinum) (PXXT)40 viewsObv:–IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from the front)
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Minted in Ticinum (PXXT) Emission 4 Officina 1. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 428 Bust type C (front) (Unlisted bust for this type in RIC)
maridvnvm
RI 132uo img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 657 - Bust Type C (Siscia) (E/XXI) 41 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS INV AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Emperor standing right, clasping hand of Concordia
Minted in Siscia (E / XXI) Emission 2 Officina 5, A.D. 277
Reference:– Alföldi type 26, n° 169. RIC 657 Bust type C (S).
maridvnvm
RI_132qs_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 811 var - Bust Type C (Siscia) (XXIS)18 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
Mint – Siscia (XXIS) Emission 5 Officina 2. A.D. 278
Reference:– RIC 811 var. Bust type C (Unlisted Bust type for this RIC). Alföldi - (cf. type 96, n° 70 (officina VI)). Not in Alföldi with this combination. He notes one frontal C bust from emission 5, with mark XXIVI. Another example is known with this mark XXIS.
Martin Griffiths
RI_132dz_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 811 var - Bust Type C (Siscia) (_ | V / XXI)26 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.
Mint – Siscia (_ | V / XXI) Emission 7 Officina 5. A.D. 280
Reference:– Alföldi Unlisted. RIC 811 var. Bust type C Unlisted Bust type for this RIC.
Unusually late appearance of the cuirassed and draped bust seen from front. Typically, these are from earlier emissions.
Not in Alföldi with this combination. He notes one frontal C bust from a different emission (4), with mark XXIVI. Another is known with mark XXIS.
Martin Griffiths
RI 132np img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 821 - Bust Type C (Siscia) (XXIV)57 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Trophy between two captives
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. Late A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 821 Bust type C. Alföldi type 101, n° 3.

This bust type is not usually seen from the front at this mint.
maridvnvm
RI 132hw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (Γ)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (Γ in exe) Emission 2 Officina 3. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132hw_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (Γ)17 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (Γ in exe) Emission 2 Officina 3. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H

Updated image.
maridvnvm
RI 132ks img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (A)20 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (A in exe) Emission 2 Officina 1. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132up img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (B)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (B in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H

Ex - Philippe Gysen
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132jq_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (D)9 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (D in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132kl img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (E)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (E in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132jn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (None)63 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (None) Emission 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132om img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC unlisted near 240 - Bust type C (Rome) (RS)51 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from the front)
Rev:– VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy
Mint – Rome (RS) Emission 2, Officina 6. A.D. 277
Reference:– Unlisted in RIC near 240. Bust type C
Not listed with this obverse legend in RIC.
maridvnvm
956_P_Hadrian_RPC1348.jpg
1348 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Ephesus mint 128-38 AD Asclepius standing44 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1348; RIC II 481a; Metcalf, Cistophori type 20 (unlisted dies); RSC 290.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
Asclepius standing front head l. holding serpent-wreathed rod in r., l. arm at side.

11.06 gr
28 mm
6h

Note.
CNG 409 lot 602
Ex Classical Numismatic Group Inventory 761612 (December 2005).
4 commentsokidoki
RI 135b img~0.jpg
135 - Carus Ant. - RIC 010 Bust Type C41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARVS · P · F · AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– PAX AVG, Pax, advancing left holding olive-branch and sceptre
Minted in Lugdunum (No marks) Emission 1. September A.D. 282
Reference:– Cohen 47. Bastien 445. RIC 10 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 135c img.jpg
135 - Carus Ant. - RIC 106 Bust Type C28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– RESTITVTOR ORBIS, Female standing right, presenting wreath to emperor standing left, holding globe and sceptre
Minted in Siscia (* over II in centre field, XXI in exe.)
Reference:– RIC 106 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 135d img.jpg
135 - Carus Ant. - RIC 120 Bust Type C25 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Cyzicus (B in exe.) A.D. 282-283
Reference:– RIC 120 Bust type C

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
1092_P_Hadrian_RPC1360.jpg
1360 Hadrian, Cistophorus IONIA Smyrna Eagle standing11 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1360; Metcalf 31; RIC 516; Spink 3446 S. 427a

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Eagle standing front on thunderbolt, wings spread, head right

10.78 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG auction 136 lot 1019 in 2008
Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG auction 143 lot 563 in 2008
Aureo & Calicó S.L. Auction 310 lot 1064
okidoki
RI 137c img.jpg
137 - Carinus Ant. - RIC 247 Bust Type C42 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– AETERNIT AVGG, Aeternitas standing left, holding globe surmounted by pheonix
Minted in Rome (KAG in exe.) early Sept. A.D. 283-early Jan. A.D. 284
Reference:– Cohen 16, RIC 247 Bust type C. Gricourt, Venera Hoard, 2709-2771 (63 specimens) One of the specimens illustrated has a small Aeternitas like this example and may even be from the same reverse die.
maridvnvm
1134_P_Hadrian_RPC1376.jpg
1376A Hadrian, Cistophorus CARIA, Mylasa 134-38 AD Zeus Labraundos standing15 viewsReference.
unpubliched cf. Metcalf, Cistophori 38, 182-3 (for rev. type); cf. RPC III 1376 (for rev. type); cf. RSC 276 (for rev. type

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bare head right.

Rev. COS III
Zeus Labraundos standing front holding double axe in r. and vertical spear in l., fillets falling to ground from wrists

9.84 gr
27.5 mm
6h
okidoki
antpius_RIC1039.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AE as - struck 159-160 AD38 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII (laureate head right)
rev: COS IIII (Genius of the Senate standing on cippus within arched temple), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC III 1039 (S), Cohen337 (5frcs)
10.21gms, 23mm
Rare

According to Cohen this temple is a tetrastyle (four columns) design, but just the front columns with the Victories are visible on the coin's reverse. The statue on cippus is maybe Antoninus as personification of Genius?
berserker
antpius-RIC70.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 140-143 AD27 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III (bare head right)
rev: GENIVS POP ROMANI (Genius standing front, head right, with scepter & cornucopiae)
ref: RIC III 70, RSC 405 (6frcs), BMC 207
3.15gms, 18mm

The Roman genius, representing man's natural optimism, always endeavoured to guide him to happiness; that man was intended to enjoy life is shown by the fact that the Roman spoke of indulging or cheating his genius of his due according as he enjoyed himself or failed to do so, when he had the opportunity. The genius publicus Populi Romani - probably distinct from the genius Urbis Romae, to whom an old shield on the Capitol was dedicated, stood in the forum near the temple of Concord, in the form of a bearded man, crowned with a diadem, and carrying a cornucopiae and sceptre. In imperial times the genius of Augustus and of the reigning emperor, as part of the sacra of the imperial family, were publicly worshipped. The reverse probably commemorate this (the scepter as Genius attributum is unusual).
berserker
antpius RIC111.jpg
138-161 AD - ANTONINUS PIUS AR denarius - struck 143-144 AD38 viewsobv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III (laureate head right)
rev: IMPERATOR II (Victory standing front, head left, holding wreath and palm)
ref: RIC III 111, RSC 437, BMC 496
3.40gms, 18mm,

History: Quintus Lollius Urbicus was made governor of Roman Britain in 138. He evidently campaigned against several British tribes: the northern Brigantes, the Votadini, the Selgovae, the Damnonii and the Novantae. Lollius probably also oversaw the initial construction of the Antonine Wall and refurbished many forts. The reverse commemorates Antoninus' second imperatorial acclamation which he accepted in 143 AD for Q. Lollius Urbicus' victory over the Brigantes in Britannia.
berserker
faustina_I_RIC343.jpg
138-161 AD - FAUSTINA Senior AR denarius - struck 150 AD41 viewsobv: DIVA FAVSTINA (draped bust right)
rev: AED DIV FAVSTINAE (front view of temple of six columns on five steps, fencing before, statue of Faustina within)
ref: RIC III 343 (S) (AntPius), RSC 1 (10frcs), BMC 339
3.34gms, 18mm,
Scarce

This coin represents the aedes, or templum, with which, after her death, the elder Faustina was honoured by Antoninus Pius. According to Capitolinus, it was situated in the Via Sacra, and was at first dedicated to Faustina alone. But, after the decease of the husband, religious rites were paid therein to him also. A nice coin with an image of a building which still stands today in Rome.
berserker
568_P_Hadrian_RIC495.jpg
1380 Hadrian, Cistophorus CARIA, Mylasa Zeus Karios standing40 viewsReference. very rare
RPC III, 1380, (this coin plate 59)Metcalf Type 42, BM-1063, C-274 (citing BM, 100 Fr.), RIC-495 (R2). Pinder 51.

Obv. HADRIANVS - AVGVSTVS P P
Head bare right.

Rev. COS - III
Zeus Karios standing front, holding spear and shield, both of which rest on ground; in front of the shield an eagle on a curving pedestal.

10.57 gr
25 mm
6h

Ex HJB 2016, Gemini III, 29 Jan. 2007, lot 373; CNG 70, 21 Sep. 2005, lot 995

Note.
Unusual image of a local Carian form of Zeus, which appears nowhere else in ancient coinage or ancient art. Very rare: only two specimens known to Metcalf. Our coin shares its obverse die with Metcalf's specimen 192, but is from a new reverse die. Apparently overstruck on a PAX cistophorus of Augustus, RPC-2203: the AX of PAX and the outline of Pax's lower body is faintly visible in reverse left field to the right of the C of COS, and above Zeus' head we can probably make out a leaf and two berries from the wreath encircling the original reverse type. The curious triangular indentation at 5 o'clock on obverse edge may be the lower corner of an IMP VES AVG countermark that had been applied to the cistophorus of Augustus and that was largely filled in when the coin was restruck for Hadrian.
1 commentsokidoki
427Hadrian__RIC139b.JPG
139 Hadrian Denarius Roma 119-22 AD Salus17 viewsReference.
Strack 79; RIC 139; RSC 1353.

Obv. IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG
laureate bust of Hadrian right, drapery on far shoulder seen from front

Rev. P M TR P COS III, SALVS AVG in exergue.
Salus seated left, feeding from patera serpent coiled around altar.

3.43 gr
18 mm
okidoki
CTGDafne.jpg
1403c, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.49 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC VII 35, choice aEF, Constantinople mint, 3.336g, 20.0mm, 180o, 328 A.D.; Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: CONSTANTINI-ANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, CONS in exergue, B left; scarce. Ex FORVM.

"The information about Constantine's campaign across [the Danube] is obscure and untrustworthy. The question, therefore, of what he achieved by this enterprise was, and is, subject to contradictory interpretations. On the one hand, the Panegyrists claimed that he had repeated the triumphs of Trajan. On the other, his own nephew, Julian the Apostate, spoke for many when he expressed the view that this second 'conquest' of Dacia was incomplete and extremely brief . . . monetary commemoration was accorded to the building, at about the same time [AD 328], of the river frontier fortress of Constantiniana Dafne (Spantov, near Oltenita) . . ." (Grant, Michael. The Emperor Constantine. London: Phoenix, 1998. 58-9).

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
1 commentsCleisthenes
U809F1JMXNTCBT.jpg
1407a, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Antioch)51 viewsAE4, 337-361 A.D. Antioch, aVF/VF,Obv:– DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl and rosette diadem, head right/R: Wreath with VOT XX MVLT XXX, SMANB in exe.RIC VIII Antioch 113,Item ref: RI170b.

AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards Exe: SMHB.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
Cnstntius2b.jpg
1407h, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Heraclea)32 viewsConstantius II 337-361 A.D. AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards; SMHB in exergue.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.
By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Constantius II.jpg
1407r, Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.39 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 272, aVF, 2.203g, 18.1mm, 0o, Rome mint, 352 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, RT in ex.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated Julian to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success lead his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
RI 141be img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 26 Bust Type C15 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7, Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 26 Bust Type C. Bastien 303 (5 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141bh img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C16 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding victory in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand, at foot eagle
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 28 Bust Type C. Bastien 314 (17 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141bl img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 33 Bust Type C14 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 171. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 33 Bust Type C, Bastien 432 (12 examples cited).
maridvnvm
RI 141x img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C18 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 169. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C, Bastien 435.
maridvnvm
RI_141bv_img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C11 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, holding victory on globe in right hand and leaning on scepter in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe). Emission 8, Officina 1. A.D. 292
References:– Cohen 169. RIC V part 2 Lugdunum 34 Bust Type C, Bastien 435.
maridvnvm
RI 141ba img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Lugdunum 82 Bust Type C24 viewsObv:– IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front
Rev:– SECVRIT PERP, Securitas standing left leaning on column
Minted in Lugdunum (A in exe) Emission 7, Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
References:– Cohen -. RIC V part II Lugdunum 82 Bust Type C. Bastien 345 (5 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 141n img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 23941 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V pt 2 Ticinum 239
maridvnvm
RI 141ap img.jpg
141 - Diocletian - RIC V pt II Ticinum 239 17 viewsObv:– IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from the front
Rev:– MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, carrying spear and trophy
Minted in Ticinum (VIXXIT in exe)
References:– RIC V pt 2 Ticinum 239
maridvnvm
Constantinus-II__AE-3-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C_GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS_dotESISdot_RIC-VII-236_7-B5_p-455_Siscia_334-335-AD_Q-001_1h_17,5mm_2,83ga-s.jpg
145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 236, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, #1141 views145 Constantinus-II. (316-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-340 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VII 236, AE-3 Follis, -/-//•ЄSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, #1
avers:- CONSTANTINVS-IVN-NOB-C (7-B5), Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing front, heads turned inward at two standards between them, each holding a spears and shields.
exe: -/-//•ЄSIS•, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,83g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-236-p-455,
Q-001
quadrans
771_P_Hadrian_RPC1450.JPG
1450A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 130 AD Dionysus/Bacchus standing23 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1450A; Metcalf 99 var. (drapery); RIC II 485 VAR.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. COS III
Dionysus draped standing front head l. emptying oinochoe over panther on l. and holding thyrsus in r.; panther looks left

8.41 gr
28 mm
6h
okidoki
1319_P_Hadrian_RPC1450.jpg
1450A Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 130 AD Dionysus/Bacchus standing3 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1450A; Metcalf 99 var. (drapery); RIC II 485 var.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. COS III
Dionysus draped standing front head l. emptying oinochoe over panther on l. and holding thyrsus in r.; panther looks left

10.51 gr
29 mm
7h
okidoki
RI_146do_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II - Bust Type C18 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing right holding thunderbolt and spear,eagle at feet.
Minted in Lugdunum (//A). Emission 7. Officina 1. Spring A.D. 290 – A.D. 291
Reference(s) – Cohen -. Bastien - (0). RIC V Pt. 2 Lugdunum - Bust Type C. This reverse type not noted in RIC or Bastien for Maximianus Herculius. It is noted in RIC and Bastien for Diocletian (RIC quotes as common, Bastien 300 (1), 301 (1) and 302 (3) would appear to counter this rating)
maridvnvm
RI 146av img a.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 390 Bust Type C (front)19 viewsObv:– IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– IOVI TVTATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter, eagle at feet
Minted in Lugdunum (//P). Emission 5, Officina 1. Autumn A.D. 287- Autumn A.D. 289
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien Volume VII - (unlisted with this bust type in Bastien). RIC V Pt. 2 390
maridvnvm
RI_146dx_img.jpg
146 - Maximianus - RIC V pt II 561a Bust Type C12 viewsObv:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing facing, looking right, holding sceptre in right hand and a thunderbolt in left
Minted in Ticinum; B | _ //XXIT.
Reference:- RIC VI-2, 561a
maridvnvm
147_Constantius_II_,_Rome,_RIC_VIII_204,_AE-24,_D_N_CONSTAN_TIVS_P_F_AVG,_GLORIA_ROMANORVM,_star,_RP,_350-1_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_24mm,_4,46g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1126 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Roma, RIC VIII 204, AE-2 Follis, -/*//RP, GLORIA ROMANORVM, Soldier spearing falling enemy, #1
avers: D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1, G3, Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding globe, A behind head.
reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress, on horseback, galloping right, (no shield), spearing barbarian wearing a Phrygian helmet and with outstretched arms kneeling left in front of the horse, shield and broken spear beneath horse. Star in the upper right field.
exergue: -/*//RP, diameter: 23,5-24mm, weight: 4,46g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 350-351 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 204,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG_A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dotASISdot_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !64 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 284, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ASIS•, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-284, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-II__AE-2-Follis_DN-CONSTAN-TIVS-PF-AVG-A-star_CONCORDIA-MILITVM_A_dot-Gamma-SIS_RIC-VIII-289-p-369-Cs1-D3_Siscia_350-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25mm_4,42g-s.jpg
147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce ! 200 views147 Constantius II. (324-337 A.D. Caesar, 337-361 A.D. Augustus), Siscia, RIC VIII 289, AE-2 Follis, A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor with two standard, Scarce !
avers:- D N CONSTAN TIVS P F AVG, Cs1,D3, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, "A" behind the busts,"*" in front.
rever:- CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor diademed, and military dress standing, faceing, head left, above him star. In each hand he holds a standard with Chi-Rho on the banner. "A" in the left field.
exergo: A/*//--, A/-//•ΓSIS*, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 4,12g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 350 A.D., ref: RIC-VIII-289, p-369, 3rd.-off., Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
1106_P_Hadrian_RPC--.jpg
1484C Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor. 128 AD25 viewsReference.
Metcalf -. RIC -. RPC III 1484C

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head of Hadrian to right.

Rev. COS III
Youthful male figure (Apollo?) standing front, head to left, holding long scepter.

10.75 gr
29 mm
6h

Note.
Apparently unpublished and unique
1 commentsokidoki
1318_P_Hadrian_RPC1450_var_.jpg
1484D Hadrian, Cistophorus Uncertain mint in Asia Minor 130 AD Dionysus standing5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1484D.; RIC 485; Metcalf 99 var. (no omphalus)

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head right

Rev. COS III
Dionysus draped standing front head l. emptying oinochoe over panther on l. and holding thyrsus in r.; panther looks left, serpent entwined around omphalus behind

10.68 gr
27 mm
6h
okidoki
14th_Century_Torah_Front.jpg
14th Century Handwritten Vellum Leaf of the Torah 18 viewsThis page of the Talmud predates publication of the first complete edition of the Talmud in 1540 by Daniel Bomberg. Bomberg employed rabbis, scholars, and apostates at his Venetian publishing house, and was responsible for the first Rabbinic Bible, as well as the first complete Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds. It was once customary for Jews to use old manuscripts as binding material for their newly printed and bound books. This piece is an example of that practice.

Ex Living Torah Museum collection
Quant.Geek
041.JPG
150 Antoninus Pius94 viewsAntoninus Pius Denarius 143 AD. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate draped bust right / IMPERATOR II, Victory standing front, head left, holding wreath and palm. RSC 438. RIC 111(c or e)18mm 3.86 g7 commentsRandygeki(h2)
13594p00.jpg
1502c, Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D. (Cyzikus)55 viewsBronze AE 3, S 4118, 2.42g, 16.5mm, 180o,Cyzikus, F/F, obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SMK L(?) in exergue. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families

Valens (365-369 AD.)

Noel Linski, University of Colorado

Valens was the brother of Valentinian I. On March 28, 364, precisely one month after his accession by Roman reckoning, Valentinian appointed his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor at the Hebdomon, the first in a long line of emperors proclaimed there. Themistius was present and later recounted the occasion in his Or. 6. After only two months of co-rulership, the two departed from Constantinople for their native Illyricum. Outside Naissus, in Moesia, they divided their administrative staff between them and at Sirmium they did the same with their mobile forces. Valens was to rule the east, from Thrace in the North and Cyrenaica in the South eastward to the Persian frontier. Valentinian ruled the west. They did not spend long in Sirmium. By late August 365 Valentinian had moved on toward Milan, where he resided for the following year before moving on to Trier, which remained his capital until 375. Similarly, Valens was back in Constantinople by December 364.and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians.

In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens marched against the confederated barbarian army, and on August 9, 378, the two forces met at Adrianople. Although negotiations were attempted, these broke down when a Roman unit sallied forth and carried both sides into battle. The Romans held their own early on but were crushed by the surprise arrival of Greuthungi cavalry which split their ranks.

In one historical account, Valens was wounded in battle but escaped to a nearby farmstead where he was burned to death in a tower by Gothic marauders. The fourth century A.D. Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus does not seem to concur with this story. Regardless, when the battle was over Valens' body was never recovered, 10,000 roman soldiers lay dead and the perception of Roman military invincibility was destroyed.

Adrianople was the most significant event in Valens' career. Though he displayed some talent as an administrator, Valens' persecutions of Nicene Christians and pagan philosophers, his halting efforts at military achievement and his obtuse personality rendered him a less than glorious emperor. To have died in so inglorious a battle has thus come to be regarded as the nadir of an unfortunate career. This is especially true because of the profound consequences of Valens' defeat.

Adrianople spelled the beginning of the end for Roman territorial integrity in the late empire and this fact was recognized even by contemporaries. The Roman historian Ammianus (325-391 AD) understood that it was the worst defeat in Roman history since Cannae. Rufinus (340–410 CE), monk, historian, and theologian; called it "the beginning of evils for the Roman empire then and thereafter."

Noel Lenski, University of Colorado
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Valens.jpg
1502h, Valens, 364-378 A.D. (Heraclea)51 viewsValens, 364-378 A.D., Heraclea mint, VF, Chi-Rho standard reverse.


De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families

Valens (365-369 AD.)

Noel Linski, University of Colorado

Valens was the brother of Valentinian I. On March 28, 364, precisely one month after his accession by Roman reckoning, Valentinian appointed his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor at the Hebdomon, the first in a long line of emperors proclaimed there. Themistius was present and later recounted the occasion in his Or. 6. After only two months of co-rulership, the two departed from Constantinople for their native Illyricum. Outside Naissus, in Moesia, they divided their administrative staff between them and at Sirmium they did the same with their mobile forces. Valens was to rule the east, from Thrace in the North and Cyrenaica in the South eastward to the Persian frontier. Valentinian ruled the west. They did not spend long in Sirmium. By late August 365 Valentinian had moved on toward Milan, where he resided for the following year before moving on to Trier, which remained his capital until 375. Similarly, Valens was back in Constantinople by December 364.and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians.

In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens marched against the confederated barbarian army, and on August 9, 378, the two forces met at Adrianople. Although negotiations were attempted, these broke down when a Roman unit sallied forth and carried both sides into battle. The Romans held their own early on but were crushed by the surprise arrival of Greuthungi cavalry which split their ranks.

In one historical account, Valens was wounded in battle but escaped to a nearby farmstead where he was burned to death in a tower by Gothic marauders. The fourth century A.D. Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus does not seem to concur with this story. Regardless, when the battle was over Valens' body was never recovered, 10,000 roman soldiers lay dead and the perception of Roman military invincibility had been destroyed.

Adrianople was the most significant event in Valens' career. Though he displayed some talent as an administrator, Valens' persecutions of Nicene Christians and pagan philosophers, his halting efforts at military achievement and his obtuse personality rendered him a less than glorious emperor. To have died in so inglorious a battle has thus come to be regarded as the nadir of an unfortunate career. This is especially true because of the profound consequences of Valens' defeat.

Adrianople spelled the beginning of the end for Roman territorial integrity in the late empire and this fact was recognized even by contemporaries. The Roman historian Ammianus (325-391 AD) understood that it was the worst defeat in Roman history since Cannae. Rufinus (340–410 CE), monk, historian, and theologian; called it "the beginning of evils for the Roman empire then and thereafter."

Noel Lenski, University of Colorado
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Theo1Ae3Ant.jpeg
1505b, Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D. (Antioch)75 viewsTheodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 44(b), VF, Antioch, 2.17g, 18.1mm, 180o, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D. Obverse: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGGG, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, r. foot on prow, globe in l., scepter in r., Q and F at sides, ANTG in ex; scarce.


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

THEODOSIUS I (379-395 A.D.)
David Woods
University College of Cork


Origin and Early Career
Flavius Theodosius was born at Cauca in Spain in about 346 to Thermantia and Theodosius the Elder (so-called to distinguish him from his son). Theodosius the Elder was a senior military officer serving in the Western empire and rose to become the magister equitum praesentalis under the emperor Valentinian I from late 368 until his execution in early 375. As the son of a soldier, Theodosius was legally obliged to enter upon a military career. He seems to have served under his father during his expedition to Britain in 367/8, and was the dux Moesiae Primae by late 374. Unfortunately, great controversy surrounds the rest of his career until Gratian had him hailed as his imperial colleague in succession to the emperor Valens at Sirmium on 19 January 379. It is clear that he was forced to retire home to Spain only to be recalled to active service shortly thereafter, but the circumstances of his forced retirement are shrouded in mystery. His father was executed at roughly the same time, and much speculation has centred on the relationship between these events.

[For a very detailed and interesting discussion of the Foreign Policy of Theodosius and the Civil Wars that plagued his reign, please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/theo1.htm]

Family and Succession
Theodosius married twice. His first wife was the Spanish Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. She bore him Arcadius ca. 377, Honorius on 9 September 384, and Pulcheria ca. 385. Theodosius honoured her with the title of Augusta shortly after his accession, but she died in 386. In late 387 he married Galla, daughter of Valentinian I and full-sister of Valentinian II. She bore him Gratian ca. 388, Galla Placidia ca. 388/390, and died in childbirth in 394, together with her new-born son John. Of his two sons who survived infancy, he appointed Arcadius as Augustus on 19 January 383 and Honorius as Augustus on 23 January 393. His promotion of Arcadius as a full Augustus at an unusually young age points to his determination right from the start that one of his own sons should succeed him. He sought to strengthen Arcadius' position in particular by means of a series of strategic marriages whose purpose was to tie his leading "generals" irrevocably to his dynasty. Hence he married his niece and adoptive daughter Serena to his magister militum per Orientem Stilicho in 387, her elder sister Thermantia to a "general" whose name has not been preserved, and ca. 387 his nephew-in-law Nebridius to Salvina, daughter of the comes Africae Gildo. By the time of his death by illness on 17 January 395, Theodosius had promoted Stilicho from his position as one of the two comites domesticorum under his own eastern administration to that of magister peditum praesentalis in a western administration, in an entirely traditional manner, under his younger son Honorius. Although Stilicho managed to increase the power of the magister peditum praesentalis to the disadvantage of his colleague the magister equitum praesentalis and claimed that Theodosius had appointed him as guardian for both his sons, this tells us more about his cunning and ambition than it does about Theodosius' constitutional arrangements.

Theodosius' importance rests on the fact that he founded a dynasty which continued in power until the death of his grandson Theodosius II in 450. This ensured a continuity of policy which saw the emergence of Nicene Christianity as the orthodox belief of the vast majority of Christians throughout the middle ages. It also ensured the essential destruction of paganism and the emergence of Christianity as the religion of the state, even if the individual steps in this process can be difficult to identify. On the negative side, however, he allowed his dynastic interests and ambitions to lead him into two unnecessary and bloody civil wars which severely weakened the empire's ability to defend itself in the face of continued barbarian pressure upon its frontiers. In this manner, he put the interests of his family before those of the wider Roman population and was responsible, in many ways, for the phenomenon to which we now refer as the fall of the western Roman empire.


Copyright (C) 1998, David Woods.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

There is a nice segue here, as we pick-up John Julius Norwich's summation of the reign of Theodosius, "Readers of this brief account of his career may well find themselves wondering, not so much whether he deserved the title of 'the Great' as how he ever came to acquire it in the first place. If so, however, they may also like to ask themselves another question: what would have been the fate of the Empire if, at that critical moment in its history after the battle of Adrianople, young Gratian had not called him from his Spanish estates and put the future of the East into his hands? . . . the probability is that the whole Empire of the East would have been lost, swallowed up in a revived Gothic kingdom, with effects on world history that defy speculation.

In his civil legislation he showed, again and again, a consideration for the humblest of his subjects that was rare indeed among rulers of the fourth century. What other prince would have decreed that any criminal, sentenced to execution, imprisonment or exile, must first be allowed thirty days' grace to put his affairs in order? Or that a specified part of his worldly goods must go to his children, upon whom their father's crimes must on no account be visited? Or that no farmer should be obliged to sell his produce to the State at a price lower than he would receive on the open market?

Had he earned his title? Not, perhaps, in the way that Constantine had done or as Justinian was to do. But, if not ultimately great himself, he had surely come very close to greatness; and had he reigned as long as they did his achievements might well have equalled theirs. He might even have saved the Western Empire. One thing only is certain: it would be nearly a century and a half before the Romans would look upon his like again" (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, the Early Centuries. London: Penguin Group, 1990. 116-7;118).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.



Cleisthenes
Theod1GlrMan.jpg
1505c, Theodosius I, 379 - 395 A.D. (Constantinople)84 viewsTheodosius I (379 - 395 AD) AE3. 388-394 AD, RIC IX 27(a)3, Third Officina. Seventh Period. 20.27 mm. 4.8gm. Near VF with black and earthen patina. Constantinople. Obverse: DN THEODO-SIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, & cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLORIA-ROMANORVM, Theodosius I standing, facing, holding labarum and globe, CONSB in exergue (scarcer reverse). A Spanish find.



De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

THEODOSIUS I (379-395 A.D.)
David Woods
University College of Cork


Origin and Early Career
Flavius Theodosius was born at Cauca in Spain in about 346 to Thermantia and Theodosius the Elder (so-called to distinguish him from his son). Theodosius the Elder was a senior military officer serving in the Western empire and rose to become the magister equitum praesentalis under the emperor Valentinian I from late 368 until his execution in early 375. As the son of a soldier, Theodosius was legally obliged to enter upon a military career. He seems to have served under his father during his expedition to Britain in 367/8, and was the dux Moesiae Primae by late 374. Unfortunately, great controversy surrounds the rest of his career until Gratian had him hailed as his imperial colleague in succession to the emperor Valens at Sirmium on 19 January 379. It is clear that he was forced to retire home to Spain only to be recalled to active service shortly thereafter, but the circumstances of his forced retirement are shrouded in mystery. His father was executed at roughly the same time, and much speculation has centred on the relationship between these events.

[For a very detailed and interesting discussion of the Foreign Policy of Theodosius and the Civil Wars that plagued his reign, please see http://www.roman-emperors.org/theo1.htm]

Family and Succession
Theodosius married twice. His first wife was the Spanish Aelia Flavia Flaccilla. She bore him Arcadius ca. 377, Honorius on 9 September 384, and Pulcheria ca. 385. Theodosius honoured her with the title of Augusta shortly after his accession, but she died in 386. In late 387 he married Galla, daughter of Valentinian I and full-sister of Valentinian II. She bore him Gratian ca. 388, Galla Placidia ca. 388/390, and died in childbirth in 394, together with her new-born son John. Of his two sons who survived infancy, he appointed Arcadius as Augustus on 19 January 383 and Honorius as Augustus on 23 January 393. His promotion of Arcadius as a full Augustus at an unusually young age points to his determination right from the start that one of his own sons should succeed him. He sought to strengthen Arcadius' position in particular by means of a series of strategic marriages whose purpose was to tie his leading "generals" irrevocably to his dynasty. Hence he married his niece and adoptive daughter Serena to his magister militum per Orientem Stilicho in 387, her elder sister Thermantia to a "general" whose name has not been preserved, and ca. 387 his nephew-in-law Nebridius to Salvina, daughter of the comes Africae Gildo. By the time of his death by illness on 17 January 395, Theodosius had promoted Stilicho from his position as one of the two comites domesticorum under his own eastern administration to that of magister peditum praesentalis in a western administration, in an entirely traditional manner, under his younger son Honorius. Although Stilicho managed to increase the power of the magister peditum praesentalis to the disadvantage of his colleague the magister equitum praesentalis and claimed that Theodosius had appointed him as guardian for both his sons, this tells us more about his cunning and ambition than it does about Theodosius' constitutional arrangements.

Theodosius' importance rests on the fact that he founded a dynasty which continued in power until the death of his grandson Theodosius II in 450. This ensured a continuity of policy which saw the emergence of Nicene Christianity as the orthodox belief of the vast majority of Christians throughout the middle ages. It also ensured the essential destruction of paganism and the emergence of Christianity as the religion of the state, even if the individual steps in this process can be difficult to identify. On the negative side, however, he allowed his dynastic interests and ambitions to lead him into two unnecessary and bloody civil wars which severely weakened the empire's ability to defend itself in the face of continued barbarian pressure upon its frontiers. In this manner, he put the interests of his family before those of the wider Roman population and was responsible, in many ways, for the phenomenon to which we now refer as the fall of the western Roman empire.


Copyright (C) 1998, David Woods.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

There is a nice segue here, as we pick-up John Julius Norwich's summation of the reign of Theodosius, "Readers of this brief account of his career may well find themselves wondering, not so much whether he deserved the title of 'the Great' as how he ever came to acquire it in the first place. If so, however, they may also like to ask themselves another question: what would have been the fate of the Empire if, at that critical moment in its history after the battle of Adrianople, young Gratian had not called him from his Spanish estates and put the future of the East into his hands? . . . the probability is that the whole Empire of the East would have been lost, swallowed up in a revived Gothic kingdom, with effects on world history that defy speculation.

In his civil legislation he showed, again and again, a consideration for the humblest of his subjects that was rare indeed among rulers of the fourth century. What other prince would have decreed that any criminal, sentenced to execution, imprisonment or exile, must first be allowed thirty days' grace to put his affairs in order? Or that a specified part of his worldly goods must go to his children, upon whom their father's crimes must on no account be visited? Or that no farmer should be obliged to sell his produce to the State at a price lower than he would receive on the open market?

Had he earned his title? Not, perhaps, in the way that Constantine had done or as Justinian was to do. But, if not ultimately great himself, he had surely come very close to greatness; and had he reigned as long as they did his achievements might well have equalled theirs. He might even have saved the Western Empire. One thing only is certain: it would be nearly a century and a half before the Romans would look upon his like again" (Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium, the Early Centuries. London: Penguin Group, 1990. 116-7;118).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Jovianus_AE-1-28_DN-IOVIANV-S-PF-AVG_VICTORIA-ROMANORVM_TES-Gamma_Thessalonica_RIC-VIII-234_Q-001_5h_28-29mm_6,32g-s.jpg
154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 234, AE-1, VICTORIA ROMANORVM, -/-//TESΓ, Jovian standing front, Scarce ! #1209 views154 Jovianus (363-364 A.D.), Sirmium, RIC VIII 234, AE-1, VICTORIA ROMANORVM, -/-//TESΓ, Jovian standing front, Scarce ! #1
avers:- D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: VICTORIA ROMANORVM, Jovian standing front, head right, holding Victory and labarum.
exergo: -/-//TESΓ, diameter: 28-29mm, weight: 6,32g, axis: 5h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 363-64 A.D., ref: RIC VIII 234, p-, Scarce !
Q-001
quadrans
Valentinianus-I_AE-Follis_DN-VALENTINIANVS-P-F-AVG_RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE_SMNA_RIC-IX-7a1A_C-30_Nicomedia-367-375_Q-001_0h_25-25,5mm9,18g-s.jpg
155 Valentinianus I. (364-375 A.D.), RIC IX 007a1A, Nicomedia, AE-1, RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE, -/-//SMNA, Emperor standing front, Rare (2R) !! #1132 views155 Valentinianus I. (364-375 A.D.), RIC IX 007a1A, Nicomedia, AE-1, RESTITVTOR-REIPVBLICAE, -/-//SMNA, Emperor standing front, Rare (2R) !! #1
avers:- D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers: RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, Emperor standing front, looking right, in military dress, holding labarum and Victory on globe.
exergo: -/-//SMNA, diameter: 25,0-25,5mm, weight: 9,18g, axis:0h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 367-375 A.D., ref: RIC-IX-7a1A, p-251, C-30, 2R!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI 160cg img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 30910 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309
maridvnvm
RI 160cf img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 30910 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309. Bastien XI 525 (14 example cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160cb img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 309 13 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309. Bastien XI 525 (14 example cited)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160as img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01910 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 19 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI 160bv img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier unlisted (Note to Trier 127)34 viewsFollis
Obv:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (Seen from the front, Bust B4)
Rev:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T | F / Dot ATR). A.D. 316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier - (RIC notes against Trier 127 that the Catalogue of the Gerin collection had a specimen with the Laur, dr & cuir bust right viewed from the front (bust B4) but not verified eslewhere.)
maridvnvm
Project2.jpg
161 Faustina Jr 28 viewsFaustina Jr Denarius. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right / IVNO, Juno standing front, head left, holding scepter, feeding peacock at feet out of patera. RIC 688, RSC 120, BMC 1041 commentsRandygeki(h2)
maurel_RIC1179.jpg
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE dupondius - struck 177 AD45 viewsobv: M.ANTONINVS.AVG.GERM.SARM.TRP.XXXI (radiate head right)
rev: IMP.VIII.COS.III.PP (trophy of base of wich are seated Marcomann (German) woman on right, and Markomann (German) with hands bound behind him on left), S-C in field, DE GERM in ex.
ref: RIC III 1179 (S), C.157 (6frcs)
mint: Rome
13.00gms, 25mm
Scarce

This dupondius celebrates Roman victory a series of wars on the empire’s northern frontier known as the Bellum Germanicum et Sarmaticum. The reverse of this coin speaks of these campaigns with the inscription DE GERM(ANIS) encompassing a military trophy flanked by two captives. The bound men would have come from the barbarian nations that occupied lands across the Danube, for in recent years the Romans had won wars against the Marcomanns, the Quadi, the Jazyges and the Sarmatians.
Many other types celebrated Roman victories in this theatre, and they became the centrepiece of coin propaganda of the era. Considering these wars were not only a source of great financial strain, but they annually cost the lives of many young men, it was essential for Marcus Aurelius to demonstrate success in the form of attractive coin types showing bound barbarians and trophies.
berserker
M.Aurelius RIC1033.jpg
161-180 AD - MARCUS AURELIUS AE sestertius - struck 171-172 AD45 viewsobv: M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVI (laureate head right)
rev: IMP VI COS III (Roma with Victory in her right hand and spear in her left enthroning left, beside her shield. Victorious type), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1033, C. 281
23.13gms, 30mm,

History: In 170, during the course of the bellum Germanicum sarmaticum the Iazyges defeated and killed Claudius Fronto, Roman governor of Lower Moesia, and his troops. Operating from Sirmium on the Sava river, Marcus Aurelius moved against the Iazyges personally. After hard fighting, the Iazyges were pressed to their limits. In 172, the Roman legions crossed the Ister (Danube) river at Vindobona and Carnuntum and went into Marcomannic territory. The Romans achieved success, subjugating the Marcomanni and their allies, the Naristi and the Cotini. This coin commemorate the victories in the first Marcomannic War.
berserker
1366_P_Hadrian_RPC1650.jpg
1650 MYSIA, Miletopolis Hadrian, Winged caduceus5 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1650;

Magistrate Ti. Fla. (?) Asiaticus (first archon and epimeletes)

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑΙΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟ
Laureate, bust right, baldric strap around neck and across chest, loop on shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. ΜΕΙΛΗΤΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ ƐΠΙM ΑϹΙ ΑΤΙ (in field, l. and r.)
Winged caduceus

2.84 gr
16.73 mm
6h

Note.
ƐΠΙM stands for an Epimelete this was a Greek civil or religious official
okidoki
464_P_Hadrian_RPC1653.jpg
1653 MYSIA, Miletopolis Hadrian, Athena bust12 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1653; SNG France 1312; BMC 10 var. (pag. 92);SNG Cop. - (vgl. 251), SNG v.Aul. -

Obv. ΑΥΤΟ ΤΡΑΙΑ ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟ
Laureate, bust right, baldric (sword) strap around neck and across chest, loop on shoulder, seen from front.

Rev. ΜΕΙΛΗΤΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ
helmeted and cuirassed bust of Athena, right.

5.81 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
assarion: an assarion, a farthing (one tenth of a drachma).
okidoki
commodus as-.jpg
166-177 AD - COMMODUS Caesar AE As - struck 175-176 AD49 viewsobv: COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM (draped bust right)
rev: SPES PVBLICA (Spes walking left holding flower & raising hem of skirt), S-C in field
ref: RIC III 1544 (M.Aurelius), C.710
mint: Rome
8.92gms, 25mm
Scarce

Commodus is known to have been at Carnuntum, Marcus Aurelius’s headquarters during the Marcomannic Wars, in 172. It was presumably there that, on 15 October 172, he was given the victory title Germanicus in the presence of the army. The title suggests that Commodus was present at his father’s victory over the Marcomanni. Even the title of Sarmaticus he was given in 175.
During the preparations for the campaign against Cassius in Syria, the prince assumed his toga virilis on the Danubian front on July 7, 175, thus formally entering adulthood.
berserker
Theodosius-II_AE-12_DN-THEODOSIVS-PF-AVG_CONCORDI-AVG_SMH_RIC-X-432-p-274_Heraclea_Q-001_axis-1h_11mm_0,92g-s.jpg
167 Theodosius II. (402-450 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC X 0432, -/-//SMH, AE-4, CONCORDIA AVG, Victory, #1218 views167 Theodosius II. (402-450 A.D.), Heraclea, RIC X 0432, -/-//SMH, AE-4, CONCORDIA AVG, Victory, #1
avers: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. (T2/D3)
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Victory advancing to front, holding wreath in each hand.
exergue: -/-//SMH, diameter: 11 mm, weight: 0,92 g, axis: 1h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 425-435 A.D., ref: RIC-X-432, p-274,
Q-001
quadrans
11905.jpg
1673 Maundy Threepence82 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
Inside Flip.
obv:
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
rev:
.16 73.
MAG.BR.FRA.ET.HIB.REX

*Any scratches or marks are on the flip, not the coin.
rexesq
4264.jpg
1673 Maundy Threepence43 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning. Obv 04.
Inside Flip.
obv:
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
rev:
.16 73.
MAG.BR.FRA.ET.HIB.REX

*Any scratches or marks are on the flip, not the coin.
rexesq
4262.jpg
1673 Maundy Threepence46 viewsGreat Britain 1673 Maundy 3d. Charles II.
VF/EF flan flaw @ 5 o' clock, nice moustache, even toning.
obv:
CAROLVS.II.DEI.GRATIA - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.
rev:
.16 73.
MAG.BR.FRA.ET.HIB.REX

1 commentsrexesq
AureliusPanorama.jpg
17 Marcus Aurelius RIC 16348 viewsMarcus Aurelius 161-180 AD. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 166-169 AD. (3.23 g, 19.07 mm) Obv: M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, Laureate head right. Rev: TR P XX IMP IIII COS III, Victory, naked to waist, standing front, head right, holding a palm and placing on a palm-tree a shield inscribed VIC/PAR.
RIC 163; RSC 878; BMC 406
Paddy
RI_171h_img.jpg
171 - Magnentius - Centenionalis - RIC VIII Trier 27027 viewsCentenionalis
Obv:– D N MAGNEN-TIVS P F AVG, Bare-headed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind head
Rev:– GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor riding horse right, spearing enemy kneeling in front of horse, shield and broken sheild beneath horse
Mint – Trier (//TRS .). May A.D. 350 - August A.D. 350
Reference(s) – Bastien 35 (15 examples cited). RIC VIII Trier 270 (C)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
england_shilling_1720_obv_01.JPG
1720 Shilling49 viewsGreat Britain
George I 1720 Shilling.
Roses and Plumes reverse.

obv:
GEORGIVS.D.G.M.BR.FR.ET.HIB.REX.F.D. - Laureate bust right, draped, seen from the front.

rev: