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Search results - "curule,"
DenPFurioCrassipe.jpg
21 viewsDenarius - 84 B.C. - Mint of Rome
P FVRIVS CRASSIPES - Gens Furia
Ob.: Turreted head of City or Cybele right, foot AED CVR and a foot behind
Rev. P FOVRIVS inscribed on curule chair, CRASSIPES in exergue.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 20,5x18,6
Craw. 356/1, Sear RCV 275



Maxentius
MAXIMIAN-5.jpg
74 viewsMAXIMIAN AE3 (Half-follis). 317-318 AD- Posthumous issue struck under Constantine I. - Mint of Siscia
Obv.: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate veiled bust right
Rev.: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand & holding scepter, SIS in ex.
Gs. 1,7 mm. 17,1
RIC 41 (R3), Cohen 495

1 commentsMaxentius
Hadrianus_Roma_felix~0.jpg
34 viewsObv.HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP.Laur.Hd of hadrian.r. Rev. ROMA FELIX.Roma seated. l.On curule chair.holding branch and spear.RIC 264 Rome ad 132.Weght 3,40grspikbjorn
Philip_Curule_chair.jpg
33 viewsPhilip I. A.D. 244-249. AR antoninianus (21 mm, 4.78 g, 6 h). Rome, A.D. 245. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I right / P M TR P II COS P P, emperor, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short scepter. RIC 2b; RSC 120.
From the Maple Leaf Collection.
1 commentspaul1888
rjb_car_188cf_05_05.jpg
18858 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "[PM T]RP II COS PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188?
This is the only known coin with "TRP II COS", all other extant specimens except the coin below are "TRP IIII COS". A discussion of this coin in relation to the other dated coins of Carausius can be found here.
mauseus
rjb_2012_06_07.jpg
18824 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP [II? CO]S PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188
mauseus
Commodus_Den_RIC_212.jpg
20 Commodus12 viewsCommodus
AR Denarius. 190 AD
M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right / P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI, Commodus, togate, seated on a curule chair, holding branch & transverse sceptre.
RSC 555bis, RIC 212, Sear5 #5683
RI0082
Sosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus289 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
fc17.jpg
Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (31mm, 17.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula),28 viewsJOE GERANIO COLLECTION- Divus Augustus. Died AD 14. Æ Dupondius (31mm, 17.46 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Radiate head left / Augustus(?) seated left on curule chair, holding branch. RIC I 56 (Gaius).Joe Geranio
maxmem.jpg
Maximianus, AE4 Memorial 22 views
Maximianus 317-318 CE.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP, veiled & laureate, bust right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIM-ORVM MERITORVM, Emperor sitting left on curule chair, raising right hand, holding scepter.
TSR ??? in ex. Uncertain mint, 16.4 mm., .8 g.
NORMAN K
const_chlor_post.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (POSTHUMOUS)32 viewsAugustus: 305 - 306 AD
struck ca.
AE Fractional 15.5 mm 1.73 g
O: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI , laureate veiled bust right
R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM , Constantius I seated left on curule chair
Dot TS Dot B Dot in exe
Thessalonica
RIC VII 25 a
Note: unlisted in RIC, which does not include officinae B (or A or D; the listed officinae are Rare (R5)
laney
titus_denar_b.jpg
(11) TITUS20 views79 - 81 AD
Struck 79/80 AD
AR Denarius 18 mm; 2.63 g
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M Laureate head right
R: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P Wreath on curule chair
Rome; RIC II 25a; RSC 318
laney
1__Vespasian.jpg
003.Vaspasian 69-79 AD17 viewsAR Denarius
Mint: Rome, Date: 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG,laureate head right.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, Vespasian seated right on a curule chair, feet on stool with branch at left & scepter in right.
Size: 19mm; 3.2 gms
Ref: RIC II- 77
1 commentsbrian l
0043~0.jpg
0043 - Denarius Plaetoria 67 BC28 viewsObv/ Head of Cybele r.; behind, forepart of lion; before, globe; behind CESTIANVS downwards; before, SC downwards. Bead and reel border.
Rev/ M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX SC; curule chair; control mark on l. Bead and reel border.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.82 g
Moneyer: M. Plaetorius Cestianus
Mint: Rome
RRC 409/2 [dies o/r: (49)/54] - BMCRR Rome 3574
ex-DNW, auction june 2007, lot 351
dafnis
2090325.jpg
005d. Nero Claudius Drusus31 viewsNero Claudius Drusus. Died 9 BC. Æ Sestertius (35mm, 27.77 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Claudius, circa AD 50-54. Bare head of Nero Claudius left / Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch and roll; around chair, weapons and armor to either side of globe. RIC I 109 (Claudius). Fine, rough reddish-brown surfaces.

Ex-CNG sale 209, lot 325 128/100

Check

ecoli
9.jpg
009 Nero Claudius Drusus. AE sest. 39 viewsobv: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICUS IMP bare head l.
rev: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP Claudius seated l. on curule chair,
weapons and armer lying around
"brother of Tiberius"
1 commentshill132
0100.jpg
0100 - Denarius Furia 63 BC28 viewsObv/ Bust of Ceres r., wheat-ear behind; ear of barley before; III-VIR across fields; BROCCHI below.
Rev/ Curule chair between fasces; L FVRI CN F above.

Ag, 20.7 mm, 3.94 g
Moneyer: L. Furius Cn. f. Brocchus .
Mint: Rome.
RRC 414/1 [dies o/r: 110/122] - Syd. 902a
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 125, lot 221
dafnis
0172.jpg
0172 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC35 viewsObv/Head of Liberty r., LIBERT behind, Q CASSIVS before.
Rev/Curule chair within temple of Vesta; to l., urn; to r., voting tablet inscribed AC.

Ag, 18.1mm, 4.02g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/2 [dies o/r: 60/67] - Syd. 918 - RSC Cassia 8
ex-Valencia Coin Market, Dec 2012
1 commentsdafnis
02-Claudius-II-The-26.jpg
02. Claudius II: Thessalonica fractional.19 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP / Veiled bust of Claudius II, Gothicus.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark:: . TS . Γ .
1.35 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #906; Sear #16399.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Vespasian_AR-Denar_IMP-CAESAR_VESP-AVG_PONT-MAX-TR-P-COS-V_RIC-II---_RIC-new-683_RSC-363_Rome_74-AD_Q-001_6h_18-19mm_3,25g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0683, RIC (1962) ---, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONT MAX TR P COS V, Vespasian seated right, #1180 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0683, RIC (1962) ---, Rome, AR-Denarius, PONT MAX TR P COS V, Vespasian seated right, #1
avers:- IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- PONT-MAX-TR-P-COS-V, Vespasian seated right on curule chair, holding sceptre and branch.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18,0-19,0mm, weight: 3,25g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 74 A.D., ref: RIC 0683, RIC (1962) ---, RSC-363, BMC 135,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-25a_C-318_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_18mm_3,28g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Two curule chairs, #1196 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Two curule chairs, #1
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Two curule chairs; wreath atop.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD p-119, RSC-318, BMC 66,
Q-001
"This denarius is part of a series that was struck for the lectisternium (religious ceremony) celebrating the opening of the Colosseum in 80 AD."
1 commentsquadrans
Titus_AR-Denar_IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M_TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P_RIC-25a_C-318_Rome_80-AD__Q-002_axis-5h_16,5-18mm_2,96g-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Two curule chairs, #2114 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD, AR-Denarius, Roma, TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, Two curule chairs, #2
avers:- IMP-TITVS-CAES-VESPASIAN-AVG-P-M, Laureate head right.
revers:- TR-P-IX-IMP-XV-COS-VIII-P-P, Two curule chairs; wreath atop.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16,5-18mm, weight: 2,96g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 80 A.D., ref: RIC 0108, RIC II(1962) 0025aD p-119, RSC-318, BMC 66,
Q-002
"This denarius is part of a series that was struck for the lectisternium (religious ceremony) celebrating the opening of the Colosseum in 80 AD."
quadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMITIANVS-AVG-P-M_T_RP-COS-VII-DES-VIII-P-P_Roma-RIC-II-18_RIC-new-48_81-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_18mm_3,31g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Wreath on a curule chair, #191 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Wreath on a curule chair, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMITIANVS-AVG-P-M, Laurate head right.
revers:- TR-P-COS-VII-DES-VIII-P-P, Wreath on a curule chair.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,31g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 81 A.D., ref: RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, p-156,
Q-001
quadrans
Domitian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-DOMITIANVS-AVG-P-M_TR-P-COS-VII-DES-VIII-P-P_Roma-RIC-II-18_RIC-new-48_81-AD_Q-002_axis-7h_17,5mm_3,27g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Wreath on a curule chair, #294 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, AR-Denarius, Rome, TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Wreath on a curule chair, #2
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMITIANVS-AVG-P-M, Laurate head right.
revers:- TR-P-COS-VII-DES-VIII-P-P, Wreath on a curule chair.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,27g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 81 A.D., ref: RIC 0048, RIC II(1962) 0018, p-156,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
03-Constantius-The-25.jpg
03. Constantius I: Thessalonica fractional.21 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Thessalonica mint.
Obverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI / Veiled bust of Constantius I.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: . T . SB .
1.78 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #25; PBCC #908; Sear unlisted.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
Hadrian_AR-Den_HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P_ROMA-FELIX_RIC-II-264-p-370_C-1304_134-138-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,76 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0264, Rome, AR-Denarius, ROMA FELIX, Roma seated left,
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVG-COS-III-P-P, Laureate head right.
revers:- ROMA-FELIX, Roma seated left on curule chair, holding branch and scepter. .
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, date: 136 A.D., ref: RIC II 264, p-370, RSC 1304, BMCRE ,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Titus_1.JPG
033 - Titus (79-81 AD), denarius - RIC 10878 viewsObv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, curule chair, wreath above.
Minted in Rome 80 AD.
3 commentspierre_p77
RI_039f_img.jpg
039 - Trajan Denarius - RIC 25224 viewsObv:– IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, Laureate head right, drapery over left shoulder
Rev:– DIVVS PATER TRAIAN, Trajan Pater seated left on curule bench, patera in right hand, scepter in left
Minted in Rome. A.D. 112-114
Reference:– BMCRE 500. RIC II 252. RSC 140.

Weight 3.36g. 18.35mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
04-Maximianus-Sis-41.jpg
04. Maximian: Siscia fractional.43 viewsAE3 fractional (half follis?), 317-18, Siscia mint.
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP / Veiled bust of Maximian.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM / Emperor seated on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre.
Mint mark: SIS
1.61 gm., 15mm.
RIC #41; PBCC #838; Sear #16412.

Around the years 317 - 318, Constantine issued commemorative coins honoring three deified emperors: Claudius II Gothicus, Constantius I, and Maximian. It is not real clear when these coins were issued, but RIC assigns them to the years 317-18 saying there is evidence they were issued near or at the end of the Sol coinage. They are small AE3 in size (16 mm), but on flans that are much thinner and weigh significantly less than other coins of the period. Therefore they are generally regarded as fractionals. They were minted at Treveri, Arelate, Rome, Aquileia, Siscia, and Thessalonica.

Why these three emperors? Constantine claimed Claudius II Gothicus was one of his ancestors (probably not true). Constantius I was Constantine's father, and Maximian was the father of Constantine's wife, Fausta.

Callimachus
cd3961.JPG
042 Nero Claudius Drusus26 viewsNero Claudius Drusus AE Sestertius. NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head left / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding branch; arms lying around; SC in ex.




"When, three months after her marriage to Augustus, Livia gave birth to Decimus (later Nero) Drusus - the father of the future Emperor Claudius - people naturally suspected that he was the product of adultry with his stepfather."
Randygeki(h2)
RI 066al img.jpg
066 - Caracalla denarius - RIC 21421 viewsObv:– ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate bust right
Rev:– INDVLG FECVNDAE, Julia Domna seated left, on curule chair, holding sceptre
Reference:– RIC 214. RSC 104
Small red staining on reverse.
maridvnvm
076a_Philippus_II__RIC_230,_AR-Ant,_IMP_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_LIBERALITAS_AVG_G_III,_Rome,_247_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,0-22,5mm,_4,40g-s.jpg
076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 230, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LIBERALITAS AVG G III, Philip I, and Philip II seated left on curule chairs.179 views076b Philippus II. (244-7 A.D., Caes, 247-9 A.D. Aug.), RIC IV-III 230, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, LIBERALITAS AVG G III, Philip I, and Philip II seated left on curule chairs.
avers:- IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LIBERALITAS AVG G III, Philip I, holding a short scepter, and Philip II seated left on curule chairs.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22,5 mm, weight: 4,40 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 247 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-230, RSC 17, Sear - 2664, VM - 4,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Gallienus_Billon-Ant_IMP-GALLIENVS-P-F-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-V-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-_C-__-AD_Q-001_6h_21mm_3,35ga-s.jpg
090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 122var. (??? Not in RIC this legend variation), Rome ???, P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor veiled, seated left,85 views090a Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 122var. (??? Not in RIC this legend variation), Rome ???, P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor veiled, seated left,
avers:- IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG GERM, Radiated, draped bust right.
revers:- P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Emperor, veiled, seated left in curule chair, holding globe in right hand and short scepter in left.
exerg: -/-/--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,35g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome ???, date: 257-259 ??? A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-122var. (??? Not in RIC this legend variation), p-, C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
hadrian_RIC42.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AR denarius - struck 118 AD52 viewsobv: IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG (laureate bust right, cuirassed, draped far shoulder)
rev: P M TR P COS II (Justice is seated on the curule chair, as on a tribunal: with the insignia of the hasta pura and the extended patera she displays her care for religion), IVSTITIA in ex.
ref: RIC II 42, RSC 877
mint: Rome
3.25gms, 19mm

Rare cuirassed bust, RIC not describes (c - not in RIC). Unfortunately the reverse is burned, but still valuable.
The reverse perhaps refer to the edictum perpetuum or Pretorian edict, what was an annual declaration made by the praetor urbanus in which he laid out the principles by which he would exercise his jurisdiction for his year in office. Under Hadrian, the edict became fixed and unchangeable.
And there's an other fact that can refer this reverse. When Hadrian arrived in Rome in July 118 to a hostile reception on the part of the senate, because of the death of the four consulars. The four men were Cornelius Palma, governor of Syria, Avidius Nigrinus, governor of Dacia, Publilius Celsus and Lusius Quietus, governor of Judaea, they were all Trajan's men, and their elimination certainly made Hadrian's course easier. But an Emperor had right everytime, and he was the justice.
berserker
Max.jpg
1302b, Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great (Siscia)59 viewsMaximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D., commemorative issued by Constantine the Great. Bronze AE3, RIC 41, VF, Siscia, 1.30g, 16.1mm, 0o, 317-318 A.D. Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, laureate and veiled head right; Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMO-RVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter, SIS in exergue; scarce (R3).


De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Maximian, 285-305, 306-308, and 310 A.D.

Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University

Perhaps born ca. 249/250 A.D. in Sirmium in the area of the Balkans, Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus, more commonly known as Maximianus Herculius (Maximian), had been a soldier before he put on the purple. A fellow soldier with the Emperor Diocletian, he had served in the military during the reigns of Aurelian and Probus.

When the Emperor Diocletian determined that the empire was too large for one man to govern on his own, he made Maximian his Caesar in 285/6 and elevated him to the rank of Augustus in perhaps the spring of 286. While Diocletian ruled in the East, Maximian ruled in the West. In 293, in order to maintain and to strengthen the stability of the empire, Diocletian appointed Constantius I Chlorus to serve Maximian as a Caesar in the West, while Galerius did the same job in the East. This arrangement, called the "Tetrarchy", was meant not only to provide a stronger foundation for the two emperors' rule, but also to end any possible fighting over the succession to the throne once the two senior Augusti had left the throne--a problem which had bedeviled the principate since the time of the Emperor Augustus. To cement the relationship between Maximian and his Caesar, Constantius married Maximian's elder daughter Theodora. A decade later, Constantius' son Constantine would marry Maximia's younger daughter Fausta.

On 1 May 305 Diocletian, at Nicomedeia, and Maximian, at Mediolanum, divested themselves of the purple. Their resignations seem largely due to the almost fatal illness that Diocletian contracted toward the end of 304. Diocletian seems to have forced his colleague to abdicate. In any case, Herculius had sworn an oath at the temple of Capitoline Jupiter to carry out the terms of the abdication. Constantius and Galerius were appointed as Augusti, with Maximinus Daia and Severus as the new Caesars. The retired emperors then returned to private life. Diocletian's retirement was at Salonae in Dalmatia, while Herculius' retreat was either in Lucania or Campania.

Maximian's retirement, however, was of short duration because, a little more than a year later on 28 October 306, his son Maxentius was proclaimed emperor at Rome. To give his regime an aura of legitimacy, Maximian was forced to affirm his son's acclamation. When Galerius learned of Maxentius' rebellion, he sent Severus against him with an army that had formerly been under his father's command. Maxentius invested his father with the purple again to win over his enemy's troops, a ruse which succeeded. Perhaps to strengthen his own position, in 307 Maximian went to Gaul and married his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Constantine refused to become embroiled in the civil war between Galerius and Maxentius, Maximian returned to Rome in 308 and attempted to depose his son; however, he did not succeed. When Maximian was unable to convince Diocletian to take up the purple again at a meeting in Carnuntum in late 308, he returned to his son-in-law's side in Gaul.

Although Maximian was treated with all of the respect due a former emperor, he still desired to be more than a figurehead. He decided to seize the purple from Constantine when his son-in-law least expected it. His opportunity came in the summer of 310 when the Franks revolted. When Constantine had taken a small part of his army into enemy territory, Maximian proclaimed himself again emperor and paid the soldiers under his command a donative to secure their loyalty. As soon as Constantine received news about Maximian's revolt in July 310, he went south and reached Arelate before his father-in-law could mount a defense of the city. Although Maximian fled to Massilia, his son-in-law seized the city and took Maximian prisoner. Although he was deprived of the purple, he was granted pardon for his crimes. Unable to endure the humiliation of his defeat, he attempted to have Constantine murdered in his bed. The plot failed because he tried to get his daughter Fausta's help in the matter; she chose to reveal the matter to her husband. Because of this attempt on his son-in-law's life Maximian was dead by the end of July either by his own hand or on the orders of his intended victim.

Eutropia was of Syrian extraction and her marriage to Maximian seems to have been her second. She bore him two children: Maxentius and Fausta. An older daughter, Theodora, may have been a product of her first marriage. Fausta became the wife of Constantine I , while her sister Theodora was the second spouse of his father Constantius I Chlorus . Eutropia apparently survived all her children, with the possible exception of her daughter Fausta who seems to have died in 326. Eutropia is also said to have become a Christian.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
tiberius sest-.jpg
14-37 AD - TIBERIUS AE sestertius - struck 22-23 AD57 viewsobv: CIVITATIBVS ASIAE RESTITVTIS (Tiberius seated left on curule chair with patera and scepter)
rev: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS P M TR POT XXIIII / S.C.
ref: RIC I 48 (S), Cohen 3 (15frcs), BMC70
23.46g, 34mm
Very rare

The obverse legend refers to Tiberius' donations and tax remissions to twelve Asian cities devastated by an earthquake in 17 A.D., and another two cities which suffered an earthquake in 23 A.D.
berserker
219Hadrian__RIC264.jpg
1416 Hadrian Denarius Roma 130-38 AD Roma23 viewsReference.
RIC II, 264; C 1304; Strack 262; RIC III, 1416

Bust A1

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head

Rev. ROMA FELIX
Roma seated left on curule chair with branch and sceptre.

3.19 gr
18 mm
6h
okidoki
RI_146dq_img.jpg
146 - Maximianu Herculius - RIC VII Sicia 41 10 viewsAE 1/4 Follis
Obv:– DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Laureate, veiled head right
Rev:– REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Maximianus seated left on a curule chair
Minted in Siscia (//SIS). A.D. 318 – A.D. 319
Reference(s) – RIC VII Sicia 41
maridvnvm
RIC_76_Denario_Vespasiano.jpg
18-11 - VESPASIANO (69 - 79 D.C.)20 viewsAR Denario 19 mm 2.74 gr.

Anv: "IMP CAESAR VESP AVG" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Busto laureado viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PON MAX TR P COS V" (Leyenda de der. a izq.) - Emperador sedente a derecha en silla curule, sosteniendo rama de olivo en mano der. y largo cetro vertical en izq.

Acuñada 74 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.II #76 Pag.23 - Sear RCTV Vol.1 #2300 Pag.436 - BMCRE #135 - Cohen Vol.1 #363 Pag.395 - DVM #42/3 Pag.101 - CBN #109 - RSC Vol. II #363 Pag.46
mdelvalle
IMG_2682.JPG
190 Caracalla39 viewsCaracalla AD 198-217. Bronze (AR; 18-19mm; 3.40g; 12h) ancient forgery, regular style. ANTONINVS PIVS – AVG BRIT Laureate head of Caracalla to right. Rev. INDVLG FECVNDAE Indulgentia, veilded, towered, draped, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding secptre, pointing upwards to right, in left.

cf. BMCRE V p. 370, 74 and pl. 55.3; cf. C. 104.

ex DS
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
caracalla den02-.jpg
207 AD - CARACALLA denarius 25 viewsobv:ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
rev:PONTIF TRP X COS II (Securitas seated right on curule chair, propping head on right hand & holding scepter, altar before)
ref:RIC92, C.434
2.63g
berserker
1233Hadrian_RIC_220.jpg
220 Hadrian Denarius Roma 132-34 AD Roma13 viewsReference.
Strack 350;BMCRE 569; RIC 220

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare bust right, drapery on left shoulder

Rev. ROMA FELIX COS III P P
Roma seated left on curule chair holding branch and sceptre.

3.13 gr
17 mm
6h
2 commentsokidoki
Phillip1-RIC-2b.jpg
245 AD Phillip I - 244-249 AD - Ric 002b49 viewsIMPMIVLPHILLIPVSAVG - Radiate, draped and curraissed bust right
PMTRPIICOSPP - Phillip I, seated left on curule chair, holding globe and sceptre.

Rome Mint, AD 245, RIC 2(b), Cohen 120
jimwho523
rjb_phil_01_09.jpg
24715 viewsPhilip II 247-9 AD
AR antoninianus
Obv "IMP PHILIPPVS AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LIBERALITAS AVGG III"
Philip I and II seated left on curule chairs
Rome mint
RIC 230
mauseus
rjb_val5_02_09.jpg
253a14 viewsValerian I 253-60 AD
AR antoninianus
Rome mint
Obv "IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PM TRP V COS IIII PP"
Emperor seated left in curule chair holding globe and sceptre
RIC 142c; Gobl 63
mauseus
1013Hadrian_RIC264.jpg
264 Hadrian Denarius Roma 134-38 AD Roma19 viewsReference.
RIC 264; C 1304

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, and over back of neck

Rev. ROMA FELIX
Roma seated left on curule chair with branch and sceptre.

3.30 gr
19 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
1293_P_Hadrian_Strack--_eastern.jpg
2995A Hadrian Denarius 125-28 AD Roma seated left Eastern Mint41 viewsReference.
RIC III, 2995A; RIC II -; BMC -; Strack *-- cf (Taf. XIX, 40 und XX, 14).

Bust B1

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. COS III
Roma seated left on curule chair holding Victory and sceptre

2.82 gr
17 mm
6h

Note.
Same obverse die as http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-149088
3 commentsokidoki
caligula dupondius RIC56.jpg
37-41 AD - AUGUSTUS memorial Æ dupondius - struck under Caligula 43 viewsobv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS (radiate head of Augustus left), dividing S C
rev: CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R (laureate & togate statue of Gaius Caligula seated left on curule chair, holding branch)
ref: RIC I 56 (Gaius); BMCRE 88; C.87 (at Augustus-as struck Tiberius-4 frcs). BMC90
mint: Rome
15.80gms, 29mm
Rare

In reverse the whole text: CONSENSV. SENATus ET EQuestris ORDINis Populi Que Romani. This coin probably features an image of an actual statue of the Caligula. Dio Cassius notes, that the Senate ordered a guard to keep watch at each of Caligula's statues. (Dio Cassius LIX.26). Just a few coin has S-C on the obverse, like this.
berserker
Nero Claudius Drusus sest - R.jpg
41-54 AD - NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS AE Sestertius - struck under Claudius (42-43 AD)38 viewsobv: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP (bare head of Drusus left)
rev: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P (Claudius, togate, holding laurel branch and roll, seated left on curule chair set on globe, resting both feet on cuirass on ground, several shields, spears, and a helmet are also scattered around him, a sword rests against the globe beneath the curule chair), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC I 109 [Claudius], Cohen 8 (10 frcs), BMCRE 208
26.36gms, 34mm, orichalcum
Rare

Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, son of Livia, brother of Tiberius and father of Claudius was the governor of Gaul in 13 BC, initiated a series of successful campaigns against the Germans. Died in a fall from his horse in 9 BC.
berserker
465-2b_Considia.jpg
465/2b. Considia - denarius (46 BC)9 viewsAR Denarius (Rome, 46 BC)
O/ Laureate head of Apollo right; A behind; no border.
R/ Curule chair, garlanded, on which lies wreath; C CONSIDI above; PAETI in exergue.
3.6g
Crawford 465/2b (93 obverse dies/103 reverse dies, two varieties)
- Rollin & Feuardent, 1903, Collection Charvet de Beauvais, lot 265 (together with 3 other Considia). Sold for Fr.19 with lots 264 and 266.

* Gaius Considius Paetus:

Like the other two moneyers for 46 BC (Titus Carisius and Manius Cordius Rufus), Paetus belonged to a small gens. The Considii are indeed unattested before the 1st century, apart from a Tribune of the Plebs in 476. The gens came to prominence in the 50s, when two of its members became Praetors: Gaius Considius Longus between 58-52, and Marcus Considius Nonianus between 54-50.

Like his colleagues, Paetus was doubtlessly a supporter of Caesar. The curule chair on the reverse alludes to Caesar's right to sit on a curule chair between the Consuls in the Senate (Cassius Dio, xliii. 14). There is therefore a chance that he was the same person as the Gaius Considius mentioned in the Pseudo-Caesar's 'De Bello Africo' (§89) as the son of the Praetor of 54-50 -- a supporter of Pompey who died after Thapsus -- nonetheless absolved by Caesar after the war. This theory fits well with Caesar's policy of generously granting pardon to his former enemies, and was accepted by Mommsen, following Borghesi (cf. Mommsen, 1860, p. 657). However, Crawford did not mention this possibility.
Joss
Plancia.jpg
55 BC Gn. Plancius155 viewsCN PLANCIVS AED CVR SC
Head of Macedonia right, wearing causia

Cretan goat standing right, bow and quiver behind
IIZ (old museum number?) in Ex.

Rome 55 BC
3.46g

Sear 396, RRC 432/1

Ex-Canadian Coin

Gnaeus Plancius was a friend of Cicero and strikes this coin as curule aedile. The type recalls his military service in Crete under the Proconsul Q. Metellus. He was also a military tribune under C. Antonius. He later returned to Macedonia as questor under the Propraetor L. Appuleius Saturninus. While serving as Questor in Thessalonia Plancius courageously took in Cicero as a guest in his official residence. Earlier that year (January or Early February of 58 BC.) Cicero was exiled from Italy and Rome because of the Tribune Clodius' legislation which confiscated Cicero's property and forced him to stay 400 miles out of the city of Rome. Clodius was eventually killed along the Appian Way by his rival Milo. Cicero took up the case for the defense of Milo unsuccessfully. In 54 BC Cicero defended Gn. Plancius in a court case (Pro Plancio) in which A. Laterensis accused Plancius of illegally organizing voting clubs (Colegia) to sway the elections and of bribery. Cicero was able to get Plancius acquitted and wrote his Pro Plancio which outlined his speeches and lines of questioning.
7 commentsJay GT4
Philip-II-RIC-230.jpg
64. Philip II as Augustus.14 viewsAntoninianus, ca 248 - 249 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate bust of Philip II.
Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVG III / Philip II and his father seated on curule chairs.
4.03 gm., 22.5 mm.
RIC #230; Sear #9265,
Callimachus
Macedon_Aesillas_SNG-Cop_1330_gf.jpg
Aesillas. Roman Quaestor. 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm of Thessalonica22 viewsMacedon, Aesillas. Roman Quaestor. 90-75 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.24 gm) of Thessalonica. Alexander the Great r., with horn of Amon and streaming hair. ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ below, Θ behind. / Macedonian war club b/w cista (fiscus, money chest) and sella (curule chair), AESILLAS Q above, all enclosed in wreath. VF.  Traces of luster and pitting. ACNAC Dewing 1224-1225; AMNG III/I #223; Bauslaugh Gp VI O42A/187; HGC 3.1 #1110; McClean II #3716-3717 (plate 138 #10-11); SNG Cop 2 #1330; SNG Delepierre 1076-1078; SNG Fitzwilliam 2346-2350; SNG Lockett 3303-3309. Anaximander
41696_Philip_I_ant_ric_2b.jpg
Antoninianus; P M TR P II COS P P; Philip seated left on curule chair, RIC IV 2(b)12 viewsPhilip I, the Arab, First Half of 244 - End of September 249 A.D. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8943, RIC IV 2(b), Cohen 120, VF, grainy, Rome mint, 3.943g, 22.1mm, 30o, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, Philip, togate, seated left on curule chair, globe in right, short scepter in left. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
AntPius_2.jpg
Antoninus Pius Dupondius32 viewsAE Dupondius
Obv: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP, radiate head of Antoninus Pius right
Rev: TR POT XV COS IIII S C, Antoninus Pius seated left, on curule chair, holding globe and crowned by Victory
RIC 897
Scarce

Tanit
ANTOSEf6-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, RIC 540, Sestertius of AD 139 (Liberalitas)44 viewsÆ Sestertius (26,3g, Ø 33mm, 12h). Rome, AD 139.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right, drapery on left shoulder.
Rev.:[TR POT] COS II around, LIBERALITAS / [AVG] in two lines in ex., S C across field, (far left and right, near the edge), Antoninus, togate, seated right on curule chair on platform on left; beside him Liberalitas, draped, standing right, emptying coins from cornucopiae held in both hands into toga of citizen standing below, right of the platform.
RIC 540 (R2); BMCRE 1142; Cohen 480 (50 fr.) (rev. legend differs); Strack 816a (note p.344 №50a); Banti 203 var.; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 124:4b
Ex Comptoire des Monnaies Anciennes, Lille (May 2015).

First largesse of Antoninus Pius on the occasion of his accession.

Extremely rare type, only three other specimens known: B.M. (ex Lawrence coll., 1937), Vienna, and Int. Titano Auction 6, 1980.
1 commentsCharles S
Considia_Paetus_Apollon_3b.jpg
Apollon | Curule chair - C. Considius Paetus, AR Denarius 46 B.C.72 views
Apollon | Curule chair * Silver deanrius.

Obv: Laureate head of Apollon, right; A in left field (behind).
Rev: Sella Curulis (Curule chair), garlanded, on which lies a laurel wreath: C CONSIDI, above, PAETI below.

Exergue: PAETI

Mint: Rome
Struck: 46 BC.

Size: 19.335 mm.
Weight: 3.396 grm.
Die axis: 90°

Condition: Very fine. Bright, clear, beautiful lustre and quiet toning. Beautiful coin in hand.

Refs:*
RRC 991.
CR 465/2a.
Sydham, 991
Sear, (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 455.
1 commentsTiathena
As_medallion_BMC_541.jpg
As medallion BMC 541124 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALEXANDAVGIULIAMAMAEAAVG round edge
Busts face to face of Severus Alexander laureate (seen from the front), slightly bearded, draped (and cuirassed?) and Julia Mamaea draped wearing stephane, left hair in waves
MATAVG below busts
Reverse: (FELICITAS TEMPORVM)
Severus Alexander draped, holding globe and mappa, seated left on curule chair, being crowned with wreath by Victory draped, standing left, holding palm-branch; in front, Felicitas draped, standing front, head right, holding loing caduceus in right hand; background centre, female figure draped, standing front, head right, but this feature is lost because the coin has been holed.
BMC 541 (plate 19), RIC 661
Weight, 10.352g; Die axis, 12h
Ex Mabbott Collection (Schulman Galleries 1969, lot 4804)
2 commentsmix_val
As_Med_Lib_III_dark_red.jpg
As Medallion Liberalitas III93 viewsObverse: IMP CAES M AVR SEV_ALEXANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P V COS II P P, LIB AVG III in exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on a platform; behind him an officer and a soldier holding a spear; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left, a citizen mounting steps to platform.
BMC 312 (plate 11, same reverse and maybe obverse die), RIC 572*
Weight, 10.428g; die axis, 12h.

mix_val
Octavian_RIC_270~0.JPG
Augustus, 27 BC - 14 AD32 viewsObv: No legend, laureate head of Octavian, as Jupiter Terminus, facing right, thunderbolt behind.

Rev: IMP CAESAR, Octavian seated left on a curule chair holding Victory in his right hand.

Note: This coin was issued to honor Octavian after his victory over Marc Antony at Actium.

Silver Denarius, Uncertain Italian Mint, ca. 30 - 29 BC

3.37 grams, 20 mm, 270°

RIC I 270, RSC 116, S1562, VM 24
SPQR Coins
Bosporos_Kings_Sauromates_I_(117-123AD)_AE-24_BACI_E_C_CAYPOMATOY_MH_in_wreath_BMC_25_MacDonald_408-4_Q-001_11h_23mm_8,09g-s.jpg
Bosporos, Kings, Sauromates-I., (90-123 A.D.), MacDonald 408-4, AE-24, MH in wreath,99 viewsBosporos, Kings, Sauromates-I., (90-123 A.D.), MacDonald 408-4, AE-24, MH in wreath,
avers:- BACIΛεΩC CAYPOMATOY, Curule chair surmounted by wreath, shield and spear to left, staff surmounted by human head to right.
revers:- MH, In laurel wreath
exerg: -/-//--, diameter:23mm, weight:8,09g, axes:11h,
mint: Bosporos, Kings, Sauromates-I., date: 90-123 A.D.,
ref: MacDonald 408-4, BMC 25,
Q-001
quadrans
034~1.JPG
Bosporus Kingdom71 viewsSauromates I
90 - 124 A.D.
Bronze 48 nummia
12.84 gm, 27 mm, 0°
Wreath on curule chair, shield and spear left, scepter topped by human head on right
TI OYΛIOY BACIΛEΩC [C]AYPOMATOY
Mark of value MH (48 nummia) within wreath
BMC 13 p. 60, 25 var.; SGICV 5457 var.
Panticapaeum Mint?
1 commentsJaimelai
Considius_Paetus_Sear77a.jpg
C. Considius Paetus - Denarius - Sear Imperators 77a7 viewsObv: Laureate head of Apollo r.
Rev: C. CONSIDIVS / PAETVS Curule chair, garlanded, on which lies wreath
Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3,5 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 46 BC
Ref: Crawford 465/1b, Sydenham 990a, Considia 3, Sear Imperators 77a
vs1969
rJ9P3Sacy7Cs4EiHGtB6K8d96G5jb2.jpg
CALIGULA & DIVUS AUGUSTUS AE dupondius. Statue of Caligula, bust of Divus Augustus, SC flanking.29 viewsCALIGULA & DIVUS AUGUSTUS AE dupondius. Struck 37-41 AD. CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R, laureate & togate Caligula seated left on curule chair, holding branch. Reverse - DIVVS AVGVSTVS S-C, radiate head of Divus Augustus left. RCV 1811. Very Scarce. 29mm, 15.1g.1 commentsAntonivs Protti
Caligula_RIC56.jpg
Caligula for Divus Augustus - Dupondius - RIC 5611 viewsObv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS S-C, radiate head of Divus Augustus left
Rev: CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R, laureate & togate statue of Gaius Caligula seated left on curule chair, holding branch
Size: 28 mm
Weight: 13,2 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 37-39 AD
Ref: RIC I 56 (Caligula), Cohen 87 (Augustus), BMC 88
vs1969
RICIVi-214.jpg
Caracalla - Indulgentia73 viewsAR Denarius, Rome, 211 (3.24gm)
RIC IVi.214, RCV.6805 (S)
Ox: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT
O: Laureate head right.
Rx: INDVLG FECVNDAE
R:. Indulgentia (Julia Domna?) wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding scepter.

ex. Marc Breitsprecher
1 commentsPaul DiMarzio
x13.jpg
Caracalla 198-217 denarius31 viewsOb. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM Head Right
Rev. INDVLGENTIAE AVG Julia Domna seated left in curule chair holding sceptre
Ref. RIC 214, RSC 104, BMC 73
Mint Rome

-:Bacchus:-
Bacchus
criciv214ORweb.jpg
Caracalla denarius, RIC IV 21414 viewsRome mint, Caracalla denarius, 212 A.D. AR, 3.248g, 19.3mm, RIC IV 214, RSC III 104, BMCRE V 73
O: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate bust right, from behind;
R: INDVLG FECVNDAE, Julia Domna as Indulgentia seated left on curule chair, wearing polos, extending right hand, scepter on left arm

Note: Curtis Clay has a theory about the type: "This type probably commemorates Caracalla's generosity (Indulgentia) in extending the Roman citizenship to all inhabitants of the Roman empire. Hence the World, towered as on Hadrian's RESTITVTORI ORBIS TERRARVM sestertius, is depicted sitting on the curule chair, symbolic of the consulship, praetorship, and curule aedileship, the highest offices open to Roman citizens."
casata137ec
index-1.png
CILICIA. Hierapolis-Castabala. Marcus Aurelius (AD 161–180).24 viewsObv. I—EROΠOLI—TΩN TΩN ΠROC TΩ ΠΥΡΑ—M, draped bust of Dionysus right, wearing mitra and crown of ivy, holding thyrsus over left shoulder, long locks falling on near shoulder, bunch of grapes on stem before.
Rev. AYT K M AYP ANTΩ—NEIN—OC CEB, togate Marcus Aurelius seated left on curule chair, holding globe in right hand and being crowned by Victory.
References: SNG von Aulock 8677.
30mm, 13.15 grams Very rare.
Uncleaned, earth deposits, green patina.
Canaan
Claudius_Gothicus_(commemorative_struck_under_Constantine)_half-follis_(AE).png
Claudius Gothicus (commemorative struck under Constantine, reigned 268-270) half-follis (AE)13 viewsObv.: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP (Veiled and laureate head of emperor) Rev.: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (Emperor seated on curule chair, one arm raised, holding sceptre in other) Diameter: 15,92 mm Weight: 0,96 g Exergue: SIS RIC VII 43

The fact that Claudius Gothicus is commemorated on Constantinian coinage is rather interesting. According to the Historia Augusta, Claudius was the maternal great-uncle of Constantius Chlorus. This linked the Constantinian line with a well-loved emperor and may even be a case of genealogical fabrication.
Nick.vdw
Claudius_II_1_opt.jpg
CLAUDIUS II (Gothicus) AE Half Follis, Emperor Seated16 viewsOBV: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP, veiled and laureate head right
REV: REQVIES OPTIMOR-VM MERITORVM, emperor seated in curule chair left with raised and sceptre, SIS in ex.
1.3g, 14mm

Minted at Siscia, 317-8 AD
Legatus
00688.jpg
Claudius II (RIC 43, Coin #688)8 viewsRIC 43 (Scarce), AE3, Siscia 317-318 AD.
OBV: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP; Laureate and veiled head right.
REV: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (SIS); Claudius seated left on curule chair, raising right hand, scepter in left.
SIZE: 16.9mm 1.58g
MaynardGee
726_Divo_Claudio.jpg
Claudius II - AE 1/2? follis7 viewsstruck by Constantine I
Thessalonica
318-319 AD
veiled laureate head right
DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
emperor seated left on curule chair, holding short scepter, raising right hand
REQVIES OPTIM_ORVM MERITORVM
•TS•A•
RIC VII Thessalonica 26
1,20g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
0-Divo_Cláudio_II-RIC_106.jpg
Claudius II - RIC VII 10617 viewsRome struck 317-318 AD.
RIC VII 106 Claudius II, AE20 posthumous issue, Rome mint.
3.2 gr. 19 mm.
DIVO CLAUDIO OPTIMO IMP, veiled and laureate head right /
REQVIES OP-TIMOR MERIT, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding sceptre and raising right hand. Mintmark RP.
xokleng
Claudius_II_Gothicus_Posthumous~0.JPG
Claudius II Gothicus25 viewsDivo Claaudius II Gothicus, AE half follis, Struck by Constantine I, 1.63g,
OBV: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP, veiled head of Claudius II right
REV: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, SIS in Exergue, emperor veiled, seated left in curule chair, right hand raised, short sceptor in left
Struck by Constantine in honor of his ancestor, Claudius II.
"I honor my Grandfather, Claudius Gothicus," emperor from AD 268-270
RIC VII, Siscia 43

RARE (R3)
Romanorvm
new_Claudius_combined.jpg
Claudius RIC 0032102 viewsClaudius AR Denarius. 41-54 AD. Rome mint Struck 46-47 AD.
(17.28 mm 3.62 gr).
Obv: TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG P M TR P VI IMP XI, laureate head right
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, Constantia seated left of curule chair, hand raised to face.
RIC 32 (R2), RSC 8 BMC 31.
Ex: AU Capital Management LLC



Claudius was rumoured to have been deformed in some way. This probably saved his life because no one considered him to be a threat. After the murder of Gaius Claudius apparently hid in the palace. He was found by the guards and he was proclaimed emperor.
One of his best known accomplishments was his successful invasion of England in 43 CE.

On the reverse of this coin is the figure of Constantia. She was the personification of constancy or steadiness. Since emperors often used their coins as propaganda, it is safe to assume that Claudius was trying to portray the empire as being in good hands and in untroubled condition. This would have been especially true in the case of Claudius who, one can assume, was untrusted by some as the result of his diasability.
2 commentsorfew
clause08-2.jpg
Claudius, RIC 93, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 41-4240 viewsÆ sestertius (28.8g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-42.
Obv.: NERO·CLAVDIVS·DRVSVS·GERMANICVS·IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·TR·P·IMP [/] S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding a branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 93 (C); Cohen 8; BMC 157; Sear (RCV 2K) 1896
Charles S
clause08-3.jpg
Claudius, RIC 93, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 41-4251 viewsÆ Sestertius (28.8g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 41-42.
Obv.: NERO·CLAVDIVS·DRVSVS·GERMANICVS·IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI·CLAVDIVS·CAESAR·AVG·P·M·TR·P·IMP [/] S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding a branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 93 (C); Cohen 8; BMC 157; Sear (RCV 2K) 1896
Charles S
clause07-2.jpg
Claudius, RIC 109, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 50-5424 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 50-54.
Obv.: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P / S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 109 (S); BMC 208; Sear (RCV 2000) 1897
Charles S
clause07-2~0.jpg
Claudius, RIC 109, for Nero Claudius Drusus, Sestertius of AD 50-54 50 viewsÆ Sestertius (24.2g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 50-54.
Obv.: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Nero Claudius Drusus facing left.
Rev.: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P / S C, Claudius seated left on curule chair, holding branch; weapons lying around.
RIC (Claudius) 109 (S); BMC 208; Sear (RCV 2000) 1897
Charles S
Commodus_RIC1517.jpg
Commodus as Caesar - As - RIC 15177 viewsObv: L AVREL COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM, bare-headed and draped bust right
Rev: LIBERALITAS AVG S C, Commodus, togate, seated l. on platform in curule chair; behind him, officer standing l.; in front, Liberalitas, draped, standing l., holding abacus and cornucopiae; citizen, standing r., at foot of steps
Size: 26 mm
Weight: 10,26 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 172-173 AD
Ref: RIC III 1517 (Marcus Aurelius), Cohen 294
Rarity: S
vs1969
ccricvii25OR.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII Thessalonica 2520 viewsThessalonica mint, Constantine I follis, AD 317-318 AE, 15mm 1.16g, RIC VII Thessalonica 25 (var. – mintmark)
O: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI, Veiled and laureate head right
R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM, Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter; •TS•Δ•
Divus Constantius I. Died AD 306.
1 commentscasata137ec
00244.jpg
Constantius I (RIC 42, Coin #244)8 viewsRIC 42, AE3, Siscia, 317-318 AD.
Obv: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO Laureate & veiled bust right.
Rev: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM (SIS) Constantius seated left on curule chair, raising right hand and holding scepter in left.
Size: 16.3mm 1.84gm
MaynardGee
Constantius I D.jpg
Constantius I Chlorus Divus A316 viewsAE3
Posthumous issues
Obv: DIVO ONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIP ; laur. and veiled hd. r.
Rev: REQVIES OPTIMOR MERIT ; Constantius std. l. on curule bench
Tanit
rjb_2009_09_10.jpg
Deified Claudius II8 viewsDeified Claudius II
Siscia mint
DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
Laureate, veiled bust right
REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITVM
Claudius seated left on curule chair
-/-//SIS
RIC (VII) Siscia 43
mauseus
rjb_2012_11_29.jpg
Deified Maximianus I34 viewsDeified Maximianus I
Siscia mint
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
Laureate, veiled bust right
REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITVM
Maximianus seated left on curule chair
-/-//SIS
RIC (VII) Siscia 41
mauseus
titus.jpg
Denarius; Wreath on curule chair9 viewsTitus; 79-81 A.D.; AR denarius. Obv: His laureate head right. Rev: Wreath on curule chair. Sear RCV I: 2516.Podiceps
divus-augustus.jpg
Divus Augustus AE Dupondius, struck under Caligula19 viewsDivus Augustus AE Dupondius, struck under Caligula, Rome, 37-41 A.D. DIVVS AVGVSTVS S-C, Radiate bust of Divus Augustus left. / CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R, Laureate and togate Caligula seated left on curule chair, holding branch in right hand. RIC 56, BMC 90, RCV 1811Holding_History
maxdivus.jpg
Divus Maximianus, RIC 24, Minted under Constantine I19 viewsDivus Maximianus AE3
Obverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, Veiled head right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMOR MERIT, Maximianus seated left on curule chair.
TSE in ex. Thssalonica mint, 15.9 mm., 1.3 g.
NORMAN K
Domit_Den_1~0.jpg
Domitian Denarius16 viewsDomitian Denarius, 81 AD. IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right / TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, wreath on a curule chair.

RIC 18 , RSC 570.
Tanit
AAEXb_small.png
Domitian Denarius8 viewsDomitian. Caesar under Vespasian 69-79 AD; Caesar under Titus 79-81 AD; Augustus 81-96 AD.

18 mm., 2,66 g.

Struck 81AD, Rome

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M: Head of Domitian, laureate, right

TR P COS VII DES VIII P P: Wreath above curule chair

References: RIC 48; Sear 2747

AAEX
RL
Domitian_RIC_24.jpg
Domitian denarius. RIC 24.65 viewsDenarius for Domitian. Rome mint. 81 AD.
3.49 grs.
Observe : IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M Laureate head r.
Reverse : TR P COS VII – DES VIII P P Wreath on curule chair.
RIC 24 Group3.
Rarity : R2.
One of the early and rare Domitian denarii as Augustus.
3 commentslabienus
29026q00.jpg
Domitian RIC 01103 viewsAR Denarius, 3.36g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII; Curule chair; above, wreath
RIC 1 (C). BMC p. 298 note. RSC 553. BNC 5.
Acquired from Forvm Ancient Coins, January 2010.

This pulvinaria type is a carryover reverse from Titus that Domitian continued upon his accession. The only titles present here are IMP, AVG, TR P, and COS; titles he would have assumed immediately upon Titus' death, placing this coin very early in the reign.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
D21aa.jpg
Domitian RIC 2122 viewsAR Denarius, 2.87g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 21 (R2). BMC p. 299 note. RSC 58. BNC -.
Ex Andrew Short Collection.

This denarius was issued very early in Domitian's reign, perhaps just prior to him being elected Pontif Maximus, hence the abbreviation PONT in the obverse legend.

Worn, but with a fine style portrait.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
D48a.jpg
Domitian RIC 4852 viewsAR Denarius, 2.96g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 48 (C). BMC 18. RSC 570. BNC 17.
Acquired from Lucernae, eBay, December 2014.

This fairly common denarius was struck towards the end of 81 and is part of the group 4 denarii, the largest issue of the year. The curule chair reverse is a carry-over from the pulvinaria types struck by Titus. Presumably the mint had no new reverse types in readiness for Domitian and had to recycled those from the previous reign.

A good, early style portrait struck on a tight flan.
David Atherton
D95.jpg
Domitian RIC 95136 viewsAR Denarius, 3.03g
Rome mint, 82 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR POT COS VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 95 (C). BMC 28A. RSC 595. BNC -.
Acquired from Lucernae, eBay, December 2015.

Coined at the very beginning of 82, just before Domitian overhauled the mint and increased the fineness of the denarius. The type is a continuation of the 'pulvinaria' series, most likely struck as a stop-gap until the mint master finished preparations for the new reverse designs.

In good early veristic style with a rich dark tone.
4 commentsDavid Atherton
Domitian_RIC_II_95.jpg
Domitian RIC II 009530 viewsDomitian. 81-96 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 82 A.D. (3.12g, 18.2mm, 6h). Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS, laureate head right. Rev: TR POT COS VIII PP, curule chair; above wreath. RIC II 95.

This was a part of Domitian’s first issue of 82 A.D. before the coinage was reformed. This issue used the same eight main reverse types as his denarii of 81 A.D. including this pulvinaria type. While worn, this example is well centered and has full legends.
3 commentsLucas H
00711.jpg
Drusus (RIC 93, Coin #711)7 viewsRIC 93 (C), AE Sestertius, minted under Claudius, Rome, 50 - 54 AD.
OBV: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP; Bare head left.
REV: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP S C; Claudius, bare-headed and togate, seated left on curule chair, holding out branch with right, miscellaneous weapons and amour lying around.
SIZE: 31.9mm, 14.68g
MaynardGee
EB0903_scaled.JPG
EB0903 Nero Claudius Drusus / Claudius3 viewsNero Claudius Drusus, father of Claudius, AE Sestertius, Struck by Claudius, Rome mint 41-42 AD.
Obverse: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head of Nero Drusus left; counterstamp NCAPR (possibly for Nero Ceasar Augustus Populi Romani).
Reverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding branch; arms lying around; SC in ex.
References: RIC I 93 [Claudius], Cohen 8, BMC 157.
Diameter: 36mm, Weight: 24.03g.
EB
EB1028_scaled.JPG
EB1028 Augustus / Caligula10 viewsCaligula & Divus Augustus Æ Dupondius. 37-41 AD.
Obverse: DIVVS AVGVSTVS S-C, radiate head of Divus Augustus left (tooled).
Reverse: CONSENSV SENAT ET EQ ORDIN P Q R, laureate & togate statue of Gaius Caligula seated left on curule chair, holding branch.
References: RIC 56 [Caligula], Cohen 87 [Augustus], BMC 88.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 17.41g.
EB
CaliDu01-2~0.jpg
Gaius ("Caligula"), RIC 56, Dupondius of AD 3728 viewsÆ Dupondius (17.0g, 29mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 37.
Obv.: CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
Rev.: DIVVS AVGVSTVS radiate head of Augustus facing left between S C.
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 60:4
ex D.Ruskin ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
Gordian_ses.jpg
Gordian III Sestertius16 viewsAE Sestertius
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG
Rev: PM TR P III COS PP S C ; Gordian std. l., on curule bench, holding globe and scepter

C. 231
Tanit
Germanicus-Drusus-AE28-LYDIA-SARDIS-SEAR365.jpg
III-GAIUS-b - 001 AE28 SARDIS RPC I/299551 viewsAv) ΔPOYΣOΣ KAI ГERMANIKOΣ KAIΣAPEΣ NEOI ΘEOI ΘIΛAΔEΛΦOI
Germanicus and Drusus seated left, side by side on curule chairs

Rv) Г AIΩ AΣINNIΩ ΠΩΛΛIΩNI ANΘYΠATΩ around wreath
KOINOY AΣIAΣ within wreath

Weight:11,7g; Ø: 28mm; Reference: RPC I 2995; BMC Lydia pg. 252, 106;
SNG Copenhagen 518; SEAR/ 365
Mint: LYDIA // SARDIS; struck gepr.:37--41
This coin was re/over-strucked only with a new legend by the proconsule ASINIUS POLLIO; Because of this overstruck the central image appears like a cameo.
1 commentssulcipius
CARACAL-2.jpg
Indulgentia, Personification of indulgence and mercy.250 viewsCaracalla
AR Denarius, Rome mint, 211 C.E.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right.
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE, Julia Domna as Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated l. on curule chair, extending r. hand and holding scepter.
RIC-214; Sear-6805; BMC-370,73; Cohen-104.
This coin is thought to commemorate Julia Domna's indulgence following the murder of Geta.

Indulgentia personifies gentleness, leniency or mercy. She is typically portrayed with a scepter and sometimes a patera.
EmpressCollector
L_Furius_CNF_Brocchus.jpg
L FURIUS CN F BROCCHUS AR Denarius Cr414/1, Curule Chair29 viewsOBV: Bust of Ceres right between wheat-ear and barley-corn; III VIR across field, BROCCHI below
REV: Curule chair between fasces; L. FVRI/CN. F above


Struck at Rome, 63 BC
1 commentsLegatus
00furi.jpg
L.FURIUS Cn. f. BROCCHUS.29 viewsAR denarius. 63 BC. 3,97 grs. Draped bust of Ceres right,wreathed with corn,barley grain before,corn ear behind. BROCCHI below. III VIR across upper field. / Curule chair between two fasces with axes. l FVRI / CN.F above.
Craw 414/1. RSC Furia 23.
benito
00furi~0.jpg
L.FURIUS Cn. f. BROCCHUS. 25 viewsAR denarius. 63 BC. 3,97 grs. Draped bust of Ceres right,wreathed with corn,barley grain before,corn ear behind. BROCCHI below. III VIR across upper field. / Curule chair between two fasces with axes. l FVRI / CN.F above.
Craw 414/1. RSC Furia 23.
benito
As_Lliberalitas_IIII_platform_11_736g,2h_BMC567_RIC579.jpg
Liberalitas IIII Dlsd platform14 viewsObverse: IMP SEV ALE_XANDER AVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped
Reverse: LIBE_RALITAS AVGUSTI IIII, SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on decorated platform and behind him an officer, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform
BMC 567, RIC 579
Weight, 11.736g; die axis, 2h.
mix_val
Dl_Platform_Liberalitas_IIII.jpg
Liberalitas IIII platform Dl7 viewsObverse: IMP SEV ALE_XANDER AVG
Bust laureate right,
Reverse: LIBE_RALITAS AV_GUSTI IIII, SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on decorated platform and behind him an officer, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform
BMC 567 (Dlsd), RIC 579
Weight, 9.17 g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
Liberalitas_Cldc.jpg
Liberalitas Platform Cldc70 viewsObverse: IMPCAESMAVRSEVALEXANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, draped and cuirassed
Reverse: LIBERALITASAVGVSTI SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on plaform and behind him a lictor holding rod; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin despenser and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform
BMC 9, RIC 566
Weight, 22.47g; die axis, 12h.
2 commentsmix_val
Liberalitas_platform_IIII_Dl.jpg
Liberalitas platform IIII Dl51 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right,
Reverse: LIBERALITASAVGVSTIIIII SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on decorated plaform and behind him an officer and soldier holdng a spear in right hand; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform
BMC 564 RIC 578
Weight, 21.14g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
Liberalitas_platform_IIII_Dlsd_.jpg
Liberalitas platform IIII Dlsd 43 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, slightly draped
Reverse: LIBERALITASAVGVSTIIIII SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on decorated plaform and behind him an officer and soldier holdng a spear in right hand; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform
BMC 564-5 RIC 578
Weight, 18.82g; die axis, 12h.
Soldier is squeezed into the reverse die
1 commentsmix_val
Liberalitas_platform_V_Blsd.jpg
Liberalitas platform V Blsd35 viewsObverse: IMP ALEXAN_DER PIVS AVG
Bust laureate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: LIB(E)_RALITAS AVGV_STI V SC exergue
Severus Alexander seated left on curule chair on decorated plaform and behind him an officer and soldier holdng a spear in left hand; in front, Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopiae; at left citizen mounting steps to platform.

BMC 948* RIC 534
Weight, 17.937g; die axis, 12h.
mix_val
00palik.jpg
LOLLIUS PALIKANUS29 viewsAR denarius. 45 BC. 3.81grs. Head of Honor right. HONORIS / Curule chair between two ears of grain. PALIKANVS above. RSC Lollia 1. Craw 473/2.
Ex Roma Numismatics.
1 commentsbenito
00palikanus.jpg
LOLLIUS PALIKANUS 45 viewsAR denarius. 45 BC. 3.81grs. Head of Honor right. HONORIS / Curule chair between two ears of grain. PALIKANVS above. RSC Lollia 1. Craw 473/2.
Ex Roma Numismatics. Ira & Larry Goldberg 59. Lot 2356.

benito
IMG_9318.JPG
Lydia, Sardes; Germanicus and Drusus26 viewsLYDIA, Sardes. Germanicus and Drusus, Caesares. 28-29 AD(?), by Asinius Pollio, Proconsul. Togate figures of Drusus and Germanicus seated left on curule chairs, DROUSOS KAI GERMANIKOS KAISARES NEOI QEOI FILADELFOI around (overstruck on original legend) / KOINOU ASIAS in two lines within wreath; GAIW ASINNIW POLLIWNI ANQUPATW around (overstruck on original legend). RPC I 2995; Weber 6905.

This interesting coin appears to be an original issue, but in actuality, it is an earlier issue that is restruck with two intricate 'countermarks.' These 'countermarks' were ring-shaped punch restrikings of the legends that surround the obverse and reverse designs. While the obverse 'countermark-legend' is the same as that which appeared on the original striking, the reverse legend, originally EPI ARCIEPEWS ALEXANDROU KLEWNOS SAPDIANOU, has been totally replaced by a new 'countermark-legend.'
1 commentsecoli
GermanicusDrususBlackBackground.jpg
LYDIA. Sardes. Germanicus, with Drusus (Caesar, 15 BC-AD 19). Ae (Restruck circa AD 28/9)65 viewsAsinius Pollio, proconsul

This coin was originally struck with the reverse legend EPI ARXIEREWS ALEXANDROU KLEWNOS SARDIANOU but using an elaborate set of ring shaped countermark dies the obverse and reverse legends were restruck, the reverse indicating the new magistrate.

Obverse Legend : deltaΡΟΥΣΟΣ KAI gammaΕΡMANIKOΣ KAIΣΑΡΕΣ NEOI ΘEOI ΦΙΛΑdeltaΕΛΦOI
Obverse Description : Togate figures of Drusus and Germanicus seated left on curule chairs, one figure holding a lituus
Reverse Legend : gammaΑΙΩ AΣΙΝΝΙΩ ΠΟΛΛΙΩΝI ANΘΥΠΑΤΩ KOINOΥ AΣΙΑΣ
Reverse Description : KOINOY AΣΙΑΣ in two lines within wreath; legend around
Weight: 15.5 gm
Diameter: 29 mm

RPC 2995

Supposedly there is an article about this coin in the November 1994 issue of The Celator. I'm trying to locate a copy of that article-- no luck finding it online so I'll have to find and buy a copy of that issue. The piece by Thomas McKenna is titled "The case of the curious coin of Caligula: A provincial bronze restruck with legend-only dies".
3 commentsTIF
4090LG.jpg
M Aemilius Scarus & Pub Plautius Hypsaeus Denarius 58 bc34 viewsSilver denarius, SRCV 379, Crawford 422/1b; Sydenham 913; RSC Aemilia 8, Rome mint, 58 B.C.; obverse Aretas, King of Nabatea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet, M SCAVR / AED CVR above, EX - S C at sides, REX ARETAS in ex; reverse Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, scorpion below, P HYPSAEVS / AED CVR above, CAPTV on right, C HYPSAE COS / PREIVER in exergue.

M. Aemilius Scaurus, in 62 B.C., as questor to Pompey, was sent against King Aretas but withdrew when Aretas paid 300 talents. Aemilius was curule aedile when this coin was struck. This was the first time a moneyer publicized an event from his own career on coinage. Later he was praetor and propraetor, lost a campaign for Consul, and successfully defended Cicero. In 52 B.C., he was charged with bribery and went into exile.
Adrian S
M_Aemilius_1_opt.jpg
M. AEMILIUS Denarius Syd 912, POMPEY Victory v ARETAS 18 viewsOBV: M . SCAVR / AED CVR above king Aretas kneeling beside a camel r., EX on ,S . C on right, REX ARETAS in ex.
REV: HYPSAE (vs) / AED CVR above Jupiter in quadriga left, CAPTVM on right, c. HYPSAEVS cos PREIV (ER) in ex. scorpion below horses
3.1g, 17mm

Minted 58BC
M. Aemilius Scaurus & Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus. When M. Aemilius was Governor of Syria, he repressed the incursions of the Nabathean Arabians, compelling their king, Aretas, to submit and pay a fine of 300 talents to Pompey. Pub. Plautius was curule aedile with him in B.C. 58.
Legatus
172.jpg
M. Plaetorius Cestianus - Curule Chair with Scorpion (Crawf. 409/2)45 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 67 BC
3.86g

Obv: Turreted and draped bust of Cybele to right; behind, forepart of a lion; to right, globe.
CESTIANVS

Rev: Curule chair; control mark to left, scorpion.
M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX S C

Crawford 409/2 Sydenham 808

ex. Haeberlin Collection, Ernst Justus Haeberlin (1847-1925), Cahn & Hess, Frankfurt, 17th July 1933, Lot 2144.2

Cicero records that Plaetorius had been curule aedile (responsible for maintenance of temples "aedes" and regulation of public festivals) in his speech "Pro Cluentio", in which he describes arguing the case of Decimus Matrinius before the curule aediles Cestianus and Flaminius. This particular coin type refers to the Ludi Megalesiaci, games which honoured the goddess Cybele, and were presented by the curule aediles.

After serving as curule audile with senatorial authority to strike coins, Cestianus was recruited by Pompey to help him mint the 6,000 talents (24,000,000 denarii) of coins needed to pay troops for his extraordinary campaign against the Mediterranean pirates in 67 BC.
3 commentsKained but Able
0041.jpg
M. Plaetorius M.F. Cestianus AED CVR , Denar13 viewsRRC 409/2
67 b.c.

Avers: Head of Cybele; Rev: Curule chair.
"The types of 2 seem to refer to the responsibility of the curule aediles for the Ludi Megalenes (so Th Mommsen, RMw.." (Crawford)
Mommsen is giving that same infomration and also without explanation.

For the moneyer Crawford refers to Cicero (ad Att v,20, 8); Mommsen names him as the prosecutor of Fonteius, also refering to Cicero (pro Font.)


Ex Pusso Peus, auktion 388/389 no 922
Norbert
M__Plaetorius_M_f__Cestianus.JPG
M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus – Plaetoria-343 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. 67 B.C. AR denarius (18 mm, 3.84 g, 9 h). Rome. CESTIANVS behind, turreted and draped bust of Cybele right, forepart of lion behind; below chin, globe / M • PLAETORIVS AED • CVR • EX • S • C, curule chair; in left field, branch. Crawford 409/2; Sydenham 808; Plaetoria 3; RCV 350Bud Stewart
00plaetorius.jpg
M.PLAETORIUS M.f. CESTIANUS13 viewsAR denarius. 67 BC. 4,02 grs. Turreted head of Cybele draped right,forepart of a lion behind shoulder,globe below chin. CESTIANVS behind. / Curule chair,branch on left. M.PLAETORIVS.AED.CVR.EX.SC.
Craw 409/2. RSC Plaetoria 3.
benito
00plaetorius~0.jpg
M.PLAETORIUS M.f. CESTIANUS 22 viewsAR denarius. 67 BC. 4,02 grs. Turreted head of Cybele draped right,forepart of a lion behind shoulder,globe below chin. CESTIANVS behind. / Curule chair,branch on left. M.PLAETORIVS.AED.CVR.EX.SC.
Craw 409/2. RSC Plaetoria 3.
benito
macrinusnb~0.jpg
MACRINUS21 viewsAR denarius. 217 AD. 3,20 grs. Laureate,draped bust right. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG / Macrinus seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short sceptre . PM TRP II COS PP.
RIC 27a. RSC 51. Cohen 51.
benito
macrinusnb.jpg
MACRINUS50 viewsAR denarius. 217 AD. 3,20 grs. Laureate,draped bust right. IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG / Macrinus seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short sceptre . PM TRP II COS PP.
RIC 27a. RSC 51. Cohen 51.



1 commentsbenito
Macrinus_RIC_27a.JPG
Macrinus, 217 - 218 AD68 viewsObv: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate, draped bust of Macrinus facing right.

Rev: PM TRP II COS PP, Macrinus seated left, on a curule chair, holding a globe in his right hand and a short scepter in his left.

Note: Appears to have been in a fire at some point.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, December 217 AD

2.9 grams, 20.5 mm, 180°

RIC IVii 27a, RSC 51a, S7341, VM 18/2
5 commentsSPQR Matt
0063.jpg
Marcus Aemilius Scaurus & Publius Plautius Hypsaeus; Denarius20 viewsRRC 422/1b
58 b.c.

Obverse:M . SCAVR / AED CVR above king Aretas kneeling beside a camel right. EX on ,S . C on right, REX ARETAS in ex.
Reverse: HYPSAE/AED CVR above Jupiter in quadriga left, CAPTVM on right, C. HYPSAEVS cos PREIV (ER) in ex. scorpion below horses.

One of the first moneyers commemorating on his coins an event of own history. M. Aemilius, as the Governor of Syria, repressed the incursions of the Nabathean Arabians, compelling their king, Aretas, to submit and pay a fine of 300 talents to Pompey.
He also was one of the richest and most influential men of his time. Still failed to be elected consul in 54 after a bribery case he won with the help of his friend Cicero.

Pub. Plautius was curule aedile with him in B.C. 58.

Purchased from Numismatica Varesina at "World Money Fair" 08.02.2014; Berlin
1 commentsNorbert
Aemilius_Scaurus.jpg
Marcus Aemilius Scaurus and Publius Plautius Hypsaeus - AR denarius32 viewsRome
¹²58 BC
Aretas, king of Nabatea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet
M SCAVR / AED CVR
EX _ S C
REX ARETAS
Jupiter in quadriga left, holding reins and thunderbolt, scorpion right
P HYPSAE / AED CVR
CAPT
C HYPSAE COS / PREIVE
¹Crawford 422/1b, SRCV I 379, Crawford 422/1b, Sydenham 913, RSC I Aemilia 8
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,0g
ex Naumann

The moneyers were Curule aediles in 58 BC. Scaurus became praetor in 56 BC and Hypsaeus in 55 BC.

Scaurus lost his father when he was young. He was raised by Sulla as a step-son. He served as quaestor under Pompey and as proquaestor in the third Mithridatic war in 66-61 BC. In the same time conflict between Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II broke out in Judea. Nabatean king Aretas III supported Hyrcanus and besieged Aristobulus in Jerusalem. Scaurus was send as intermediary. He sent Aretas back and settled the conflict in favour of Aristobulus. Later Pompey accused him of bribery and removed Aristobulus in 63 BC. Scaurus moved to Petra then he was called back after payment of 300 talent fine.

Hypsaeus also served as quaestor under Pompey. Reverse commemorates conquest of Volscian town Priverna by moneyer's ancestor Gaius Plautius Decianus Hypsaeus in 330-329 BC.

Scaurus was the first who depicted event from his own life on coins.
2 commentsJohny SYSEL
ScaurusHypsaeus.jpg
Marcus Aemilius Scaurus and Publius Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 B.C.61 viewsDenarius, Rome mint, 4.08g, 18mm, 58 B.C.; O: Aretas, King of Nabataea, kneeling beside camel raising olive branch with fillet, M SCAVR / AED CVR above, EX - S C at sides, REX ARETAS in ex; reverse Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, scorpion below, P HVPSAEVS / AED CVR above, CAPTVM on right, C HVPSAE COS / PREIVE in ex. Hendin 1441.

When M. Aemilius, was governor of Syria, this type was struck to commemorate the defeat of Aretas III by Pompey's general Marcus Scaurus. Pub. Plautius was curule aedile with M. Aemilius in 58 BCE.

By making territorial concessions to Aretas III, Hyrcanus II induced the Nabataean king to join with him in the battle against his brother Aristobulus II. Their combined forces besieged Aristobulus II in Jerusalem in 65 BCE. At about this same time, Pompey's armies, led by Scaurus marched into the East. The brothers appealed to Rome to settle the dispute. Initially Scaurus favored Aristobulus II, but, in 62 BCE, Pompey ruled that Hyrcanus was the rightful king.
2 commentsNemonater
Antony_Octavian.jpg
Mark Antony and Octavian Caesar - AR denarius10 viewsmoneyer M. Barbatius Pollio
Ephesus?
spring - early summer 41 BC
head of Mark Antony right
M·ANT·I(MP)·(AV)G·III·VIR·R·P·C·M·BARBAT·Q·P
head of Octavian Caesar right
CAESAR·IMP·PONT·III·VIR·R·P·C·
Crawford 517/2, RSC I Mark Antony and Augustus 8, BMCRR 103, Sydenham 1181, SRCV I 1504
3,3g
ex Künker

Moneyer held unusal office quaestor pro praetore in the east in 41-40 BC. He accompanie Mark Antony after the battle of Philippi. He was probably also Curule Aedile. He restored aedicula shrine on the Forum Romanum and fountain of goddess Juturna (Lacus Iuturnae).
Johny SYSEL
728_Divo_Maximiano.jpg
Maximianus - AE 1/2 follis7 viewsstruck by Constantine I
Siscia
318-319 AD
veiled laureate head right
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
emperor seated left on curule chair, holding short scepter, raising right hand
REQVIES OPTIM_ORVM MERITORVM
SIS
RIC VII Siscia 41
1,16g
ex Petr Schimandl
Johny SYSEL
Nero_Caludius_Drusus_2.jpg
Nero Claudius Drusus AE Sestertius RIC 109 [Claudius]23 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVDIUS DRUSUS GERMANICUS IMP, bare head left
REV: TI CLAUDIUS CAESAR AUG P M TR P IMP P P S-C, Claudius seated left on curule chair amidst arms
28.6g, 35mm

Minted at Rome, 41-2 AD
Legatus
Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius.JPG
Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius18 viewsAE Sestertius.
Obverse: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, bare head left
Reverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius, togate, seated left on curule chair, holding branch; arms lying around; SC in ex.
RIC 93 [Claudius], Cohen 8, BMC 157
33mm, 20.5gm
Jerome Holderman
NCD.jpg
Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius23 viewsOBV: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP
bare head left
REV: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P S-C
Claudius seated left on curule chair amidst arms
23.9g, 34mm
RIC 109, RCV 1897
miffy
Nero_Claudius_Drusus_Sestertius_RIC_93.JPG
Nero Claudius Drusus Sestertius RIC 9374 viewsAE Sestertius
Nero Claudius Drusus, Rome Mint, 41-42 AD
Obverse: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP, Bare head right
Reverse: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TRP IMP-SC, Claudius seated in curule chair holding branch, surrounded by pile of arms.
RIC 93; Cohen 8; BMC 157
33mm, 22.1gms.
1 commentsJerome Holderman
nerose16.jpg
Nero, RIC 160, Sestertius of AD 64-65 (second largesse)117 viewsÆ sestertius (23.34g, Ø34mm, 6h), Rome mint, struck AD 64-65.
Obv.: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM TR P IMP P P, laureate head of Nero right.
Rev.: CONG II DAT POP (around) S C (in ex.), Nero seated l. on curule chair on platform, presiding at second donation.
RIC 160 (S); BMCRE 139, Paris-282 pl. XLV (same rev. die); Cohen 78 (30 Fr.)
ex Harlan J. Berk, Buy/Bid Sale 131 (2003)

Information provided by Harlan J. Berk at the sale: Rx: Nero seated l. on curule chair on platform, presiding at his second distribution of money to the Roman people. An official standing l. on the ground empties coins from a rectangular tablet into the fold of the toga of a citizen standing r. A second official stands on the platform facing Nero. In the background, a statue of Minerva holding owl and spear before a wall or building divided into oblong panels. Rare. Although it was only commemorated on the coins from 64 AD on, Nero had distributed his second largesse some years earlier, in 57 AD. The tablet held by the first official, misnamed a tessera or abacus in the standard catalogues, was actually a board drilled with a determined number of shallow depressions just large enough to hold one denarius each, which could rapidly be filled with coins and then emptied into the toga of the recipient. Slightly irregular surface from the earth it was buried in.
1 commentsCharles S
Augustus01.jpg
Octavian AR Denarius83 viewsThe latest addition to my Augustus collection. Thanks to all those who have posted comments on my other coins!

Obv: Laureate head of Octavian as Jupiter Terminus facing right, thunderbolt behind
Rev: IMP CAESAR - Octavian seated facing left on curule chair, holding Victory

RIC-I-270-S, RSC-116, Sear-1562, struck 29-27BC at Uncertain Italian Mint
5 commentsTrajan
Crassipes.jpg
P. Furius Crassipes 84b.c. Denarius21 viewsTurreted head of the city right, AED CVR and a deformed foot upwards behind. Reverse. P. FOVRIVS on curule chair, CRASSIPES in exergue.Philoromaos
P__FURIUS_CRASSIPES.jpg
P. FURIUS CRASSIPES Denarius Crawford 136/1c, Curule chair51 viewsOBV: Turreted head of Cybele (Tyche) right, behind, foot pointing upwards, AED.CVR behind head
REV: Curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS; CRASSIPES in exergue
3.88g. 21mm

Minted at Rome, 84 BC
Legatus
0143.jpg
P. Furius Crassipes, Denarius7 viewsP. Furius Crassipes, Denarius

RRC: 356/1a
84 bc
4,58 gr


AV: Head of Cybele right wearing turreted crown, AED CVR and deformed foot behind
RV: Curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS; in exergue, CRASSIPE[S]

Ex Gemini, Auct XIV, Lot 383, 18.04.2018
Reported as: 'Ex Berk 180, 16 August 2012, lot 457 ("Ex Kay Coin Company, 1960s"). '
Norbert
Papiria_1.JPG
Papiria 130 viewsPapiria 7 (122BC) moneyer Cn. Papirius Carbo cos. 113BC

Denarius
Ob: Helmeted head of Roma with curl on shoulder; behind X, border of dots
Rev: Jupiter in quadriga holding reigns and scepter in left hand and hurling fulmen in right (fulminans); below CARBO in exergue ROMA. Line border

BMCRR II 449

Sydenham 415

Crawford 279

Ex: Colesseum Coin Exchange 2006; toned

Northumberland refers to this incredibly informative letter:

Ad Fam IX 21 to TO PAPIRIUS PAETUS (AT NAPLES) 46BC

Well, but letting that pass, how did it come into your head, my dear Paetus, to say that there never was a Papirius who was not a plebeian? For, in fact, there were patrician Papirii, of the lesser houses, of whom the first was L. Papirius Mugillanus, censor with L. Sempronius Atratinus--having already been his colleague in the consulship--in the 312th year of the city. But in those days they were called Papisii. After him thirteen sat in the curule chair before L. Papirius Crassus, who was the first to drop the form Papisius. This man was named dictator, with L. Papirius Cursor as Master of the Horse, in the 415th year of the city, and four years afterwards was consul with Kaeso Duilius. Cursor came next to him, a man who held a very large number of offices; then comes L. Masso, who rose to the aedileship; then a number of Massones. The busts of these I would have you keep--all patricians. Then follow the Carbones and Turdi. These latter were plebeians, whom I opine that you may disregard. For, except the Gaius Carbo who was assassinated by Damasippus, there has not been one of the Carbones who was a good and useful citizen. We knew Gnaeus Carbo and his brother the wit: were there ever greater scoundrels? About the one who is a friend of mine, the son of Rubrius, I say nothing. There have been those three brothers Carbo-Gaius, Gnaeus, Marcus. Of these, Marcus, a great thief, was condemned for malversation in Sicily on the accusation of Publius Flaccus: Gaius, when accused by Lucius Crassus, is said to have poisoned himself with cantharides; he behaved in a factious manner as tribune, and was also thought to have assassinated Publius Africanus. As to the other, who was put to death by my friend Pompey at Lilybaeum, there was never, in my opinion, a greater scoundrel. Even his father, on being accused by M. Antonius, is thought to have escaped condemnation by a dose of shoemaker's vitriol. Wherefore my opinion is that you should revert to the patrician Papirii: you see what a bad lot the plebeians were. (trans. Evelyn Shuckburgh)
Petrus Elmsley
RIC_148a_(COS_PPP).jpg
Philip Arab31 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP II COS PPP (!) -SC-
Philip I. on curule chair left, holding globe and short sceptre
RIC 148a 16,99g 31mm (double-struck)
2 commentsPriscus
Philip_I.png
Philip I7 viewsPhilip I AR Antoninianus. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right / PM TR P II COS PP, Philip seated left on curule chair holding globe & scepter. RIC 2b, RSC 120.Ajax
00130.jpg
Philip I (RIC 2b, Coin #130)10 viewsRIC 2b (C), AR Antoninianus, Rome, 245 AD.
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P Phillip, togated, seated left on a curule chair holding a globe in right and a short sceptor in left hand.
Size: 24.2mm 3.76gm
MaynardGee
00383.jpg
Philip I (RIC 2b, Coin #383)12 viewsRIC 2b (C), AR Antoninianus, Rome, 245 AD.
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P Phillip, togated, seated left on a curule chair holding a globe in right and a short sceptor in left hand.
Size: 23.2mm 3.04gm
MaynardGee
Philip_I_The_Arab_RIC_2b.JPG
Philip I the Arab RIC 2b35 viewsPhilip I, Antoninianus, Rome, 244 - 249 AD, 24mm, 3.89g, RIC 2b, RSC 120, Sear 2565
OBV: IMP M VIL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
REV: PM TR P II COS P P, Philip seated left on curule chair holding globe & scepter
Romanorvm
Phil_curule_k.jpg
Philip I The Arab, AD 244-2497 viewsAR Antoninianus, 22mm, 3.9g, 12h; Rome Mint, AD 245.
Obv.: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I to right.
Rev.: P M TR P II COS P P; Philip I seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short scepter.
References: RIC IVc 2(b), p. 68 / 16-380-39
John Anthony
Philip_I_RIC_2b~0.JPG
Philip I, "The Arab," 244 - 249 AD19 viewsObv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I facing right.

Rev: PM TRP II COS PP, Philip seated left on a curule chair holding a globe and short scepter.

Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, 245 AD

4.5 grams, 22 mm, 180°

RIC IViii 2b, RSC 120, S8943, VM 27/2
SPQR Coins
00philipII.jpg
PHILIP II31 viewsAE sestertius. 248 AD. 18,11 gm. 10h. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind . IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. /
Philip II and Philip I, laureate and togate, seated left on curule chairs, each extending right hand; Philip I holding baton or short scepter in left hand. LIBERALITAS AVGG III. In exergue SC.
RIC IV 267a. s 9279.
2 commentsbenito
00philipII~1.jpg
PHILIP II23 viewsAE sestertius. 248 AD. 18,11 gm. 10h. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind . IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. /
Philip II and Philip I, laureate and togate, seated left on curule chairs, each extending right hand; Philip I holding baton or short scepter in left hand. LIBERALITAS AVGG III. In exergue SC.
RIC IV 267a. s 9279.
benito
Philip_II_.jpg
Philip II15 viewsObv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
Rev: LIBERALITAS AVGG III, Philip I and Philip II seated left on curule chairs
Size: 23mm Weight: 3.1gm Mint: Rome ca. 247AD
ID#: RSC 17, RIC 230, sear5 #9265
ickster
AR 2+.jpg
Philip II AR Antoninianus10 viewsAR Antoninianus
Obv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Rev: LIBERALITAS AVGG III; Philip I and Philip II std. l. on curule benches.
Refers to the donative of 247 AD to mark the accession of Philip II as Augustus.
Tanit
Philip_II_Father_and_Son_Sestertius~0.JPG
Philip II Father and Son Sestertius24 viewsPhilip II Sestertius, 25.58g; 31mm, 248 AD. Rome, Cohen 18, RIC 267
OBV: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back
REV: LIBERALITAS AVGG III, SC in ex., Philip I and II seated left on curule chairs, extending right hands,
Philip I, nearest the viewer also holds short sceptre downwards

VERY RARE (R2)
Romanorvm
Philip_II.jpg
Philip II Sestertius18 viewsPHILIP II as Augustus. 247-249 AD. Brass Sestertius .
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
REV: LIBERALITAS AVGG III S C , Philip I and Philip II enthroned side-by-side in curule chairs.

RIC. 267.
Tanit
040A.jpg
Philip II Sestertius58 viewsRIC IVc 267a Rome, C 18
19.54 g, 27 mm x 29 mm
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back
LIBERALITAS AVGG III, SC in ex., Philip I and II seated left on curule chairs, extending right hands, Philip I, nearest the viewer, also holds short sceptre downwards.
Rare
EX: Roma Numismatics
1 commentsMark Z2
00015x0.jpg
Philip II Sestertius13 viewsPhilip II, 247 - 249 AD
Æ Sestertius, 29mm, 17.4 grams
Obverse: IMP CAES M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate bust right.
Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGG II S C, Philip I and II seated side by side on curule chairs extending right hands.

Reference:
RIC267a

Provenance:
ex Tom Cederlind, 1990's, about $75
Ken Dorney
Philip_II_RIC_P230~0.JPG
Philip II, 247 - 249 AD27 viewsObv: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II facing right.

Rev: LIBERALITAS AVGG III, Philip I and Philip II seated on curule benches handing out money.

Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, 247 AD

4.5 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC IViii Philip I 230, RSC 17, S9265, VM 4
SPQR Coins
Philip_II_Silver_antoninianus.jpg
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.54 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC IV 230, RSC IV 17, Hunter III 23, SRCV III 9265, Choice EF, excellent portrait, well centered and struck, light toning on mint luster, edge cracks, Rome mint, weight 4.274g, maximum diameter 22.2mm, die axis 180o, 11th emission, 249 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG III, Philip I and Philip II seated left on curule chairs presiding at their third largesse, both laureate, togate, and extending right hand, Philip I on left and holding short scepter in right hand.

EX FORVM.

*One of the best reverse , I have ever seen.

The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of a throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as a friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.

2 commentsSam
RIC_267a.jpg
Philip II.14 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LIBERALITAS AVGG III-SC-
Philip I. & II. seated l. on curule chairs
RIC 267a 17,08g 30mm
Priscus
RIC_262a.jpg
Philip II.16 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. PM TRP IIII COS II PP -SC-
Philip II. on curule chair left, holding globe and short sceptre
RIC 262a 20,61g 29mm R+
Priscus
AF_PII_RIC_-_LIBERALITAS_AVGG_IIII.jpg
Philip II.5 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII (!)
Philip I+II. seated left on curule chairs side by side, their right hands extended, Philip I also holding short sceptre
RIC - 2,58g Imitation ( Collection PRISCUS AFPIIRIC-LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII )
Priscus
Philippe junior sesterce.jpg
Philip junior - sestertius29 viewsIMP. M. IVL. PHILIPPVS AVG.
LIBERALITAS AVGG. III / S C , Philip the Arab and Philip junior togate, seated left on curule chairs.
Ginolerhino
RIC_266.jpg
Philipp II59 viewsAv. IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS AVG
laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LIBERALITAS AVGG II (!) -SC-
Philip I. & II. seated l. on curule chairs
RIC 266 17,57g 30mm
1 commentsPriscus
RIC_230.jpg
Philipp II.8 viewsAv. IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rv. LIBERALITAS AVGG III
Philip I+II. seated left on curule chairs side by side, their right hands extended, Philip I also holding short sceptre
RIC 230 4,12g Rom
Priscus
VIII_Medallion_Dsd.jpg
PMTRP VIIII Dlsd, Decennalia issue 59 viewsObverse: IMPSEVALE_XANDERAVG
Bust laureate right, left shoulder slightly draped
Reverse: P_MTRP VIIII round edge, COS III PP in ex. S and C low in field, l and r, respectively.
Severus Alexander, obverse Dlsd, and reverse seated on Curule chair holding Victory in r. hand and long sceptre in l, crowned by Victory, naked to the waist, holding palm-branch in l. hand; before him, Virtus helmeted in military dress, standing front head turned back r., resting r. hand on shield, inscribed VOT X, set on cippus, and holding parazonium in l. hand.
BMC 667-8, RIC 510
Weight, 12.61g; die axis, 12h.
1 commentsmix_val
434,2_Pompeius_Rufus.jpg
Pompeius Rufus - AR denarius5 viewsRome
¹²54 BC
curule chair, arrow left, laurel branch right
Q·POMPEI·Q·F
RVFVS
COS
curule chair, lituus left, wreath right
SVLLA·COS
Q·POMPEI·RVF
¹Crawford 434/2, SRCV I 400, RSC I Pompeia 5, Cornelia 49, Sydenham 909
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,1g
ex Aureo and Calico

Coin commemorates two moneyer's grandfathers. Q. Pompeius Rufus, member of the college (collegium) with priestly duties - decimviri sacris faciundis (obverse), and L. Cornelius Sulla, Augur (reverse), held consularship together in 88 BC.
Johny SYSEL
P_Lentulus_Cornelius.jpg
Pub. Lentulus P.f. L.n. Spinther - AR denarius2 viewsRome
²72 BC
¹71 BC
head of Hercules right
Q·S·C
Genius Populi Romani facing, seated on curule chair, with right foot on globe, holding cornucopia and scepter; Victory flying and crowning Genius, holding wreath and palm
P·LENT·P·F__L·N
¹Crawford 397/1; Sydenham 791; Cornelia 58
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,4g
ex Künker

rare
Johny SYSEL
cras.jpg
Publius Furius Crassipes (84 B.C.)50 viewsAR Denarius
O: AED CVR, turretted head of Cybele right. Long oval gouge and tool mark across Cybele's head (al marco weight adjustments).
R: Curule chair inscribed P FOVRIUS, CRASSIPES in exergue.
Rome Mint
3.9g
20.5mm
RCV 275

Publius Furius strikes here not as moneyer, but as a special issue in his role as Curule Aedile, hence the curule chair bearing his name. 
1 commentsMat
cassia2.jpg
Q. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius641 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8. Triton VI, Lot 739.

CNG's historical take on these coins: The reverse of this attractive type alludes to an incident in 113 BC, in which the College of Ponftiffs acquitted two Vestal Virgins, allegedly improperly, on charges of incest, while condemning a third. An ancestor of the moneyer was called in to investigate the affair. The curule chair under the circular temple alludes to the judicial power given to the investigator; the urn to the left and the tablet to the right inscribed A/C (for Absolvo and Condemno) is the ballot used by jurors to vote for guilt or innocence.
1 commentsJoe Sermarini
0127.jpg
Q. Cassius Longinus, Denarius24 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus, Denarius

RRC: 428/2
55 b.c.
3,50 gr

Av: Q CASSIVS before, LIBERT behind, diademed head of Libertas right.
Rv: Domed tetrastyle shrine of Venus, curule chair within; in left field, urn; in right field, voting tablet inscribed A C.

ex Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc., Auction 96, 14 - 15 February 2017, Lot 1975
2 commentsNorbert
rufus.jpg
Q. POMPEIUS RUFUS14 viewsAR denarius. 54 BC. 4,11 grs. 0 h. Curule chair between arrow and laurel branch. Q POMPEI Q F RVFVS above, COS in tablet below. /
Curule chair between lituus and wreath, below on tablet Q POMPEI RVF. SVLLA COS above.
Crawford 434/2. RSC Pompeia 5.
benito
00sad1.jpg
Q. POMPEIUS RUFUS.32 viewsAR denarius. 54 BC. 4,11 grs. 0 h. Curule chair between arrow and laurel branch. Q POMPEI Q F RVFVS above, COS in tablet below. /
Curule chair between lituus and wreath, below on tablet Q POMPEI RVF. SVLLA COS above.
Crawford 434/2. RSC Pompeia 5.
benito
Rufus.jpg
Q. Pompeius Rufus. 54 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.79 g, 3h)17 viewsRome mint. Curule chair flanked by arrow and laurel branch / Curule chair flanked by lituus and wreath. Crawford 434/2; Sydenham 909; Pompeia 5; RBW 1545. Good VF, toned Rare Type "RURUS"

From the Jonathan P. Rosen Collection.
Britanikus
Flavians.jpg
RIC 0006 Vespasian Denarius135 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head right

TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV
Titus and Domitian seated left on curule chair, each holding a branch.

Rome 69-70 AD

2.83g

RIC 6 (R); BMCRE pg. 8 note; RSC 541.

Rare

Ex-Barry Murphy
4 commentsJay GT4
RIC_8_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0008 Domitianus49 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, Laureate head right
Rev: P P COS VII DES VIII, Curule chair; above, wreath
AR/Denarius (18.92 mm 3.31 g 6h) Struck in Rome 81 A D (2nd Group)
RIC 8 (R2), RSC 372
FlaviusDomitianus
RIC_11_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0011 Domitianus42 viewsObv: IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG PONT, Laureate head right
Rev: P P COS VII DES VIII, Curule chair; above, wreath
AR/Denarius (18.86 mm 3.38 g 6h) Struck in Rome 81 A.D. (4th Group)
RIC 11 (R2), BMCRE, RSC, BNF unlisted - Possibly the 4th known example of the type
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Screen_Shot_2019-10-07_at_11_23_40_AM.jpg
RIC 002130 viewsDomitian AR Denarius, 81 CE (Group 3)
3.24g
Rome mint, 81 AD
Obv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P; Curule chair, wreath above
RIC 21 (R2). BMC p. 299 note. RSC 58
Ex: Harry N. Sneh Collection
Ex: David Atherton Collection



Though I already had an example of RIC 21, when this became available I had to have it. First of all it is a rare PONT denarius. This refers to the use of PONT in the obverse legend. The speculation is that PONT was used before Domitian was officially named Pontifex Maximus.

Another reason I wanted the coin is the condition. Just look at that expressive portrait. These early portraits of Domitian have a lot of character. 

Another reason I wanted the coin is that it was once owned by Mr. Harry Sneh. After Mr. Sneh passed away his collection was dispersed to many other collectors through auctions. Mr. Sneh certainly had good taste in coins. He also had many rarities such as this coin.

This coin rates as R2 or very few examples known to the authors of RIC II part 1 (Carradice and Buttrey, 2007). I have 1, there is one in Vienna, one in Copenhagen (RIC), and one at Albert-Ludwigs university (OCRE). I have not been able to find any others.

I would love to add more of these PONT denarii to my collection.
2 commentsorfew
RIC_23_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0023 Domitianus59 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT, Laureate head right
Rev: COS VII DES VIII P P, Curule chair; above, wreath
AR/Denarius (18.58 mm 3.366 g 6h) Struck in 81 A.D. (3rd Group)
RIC 23 (R3), RSC-BMCRE-BNF unlisted
ex Bertolami Fine Arts E-Live Auction 36 lot 544
4 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_46_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0046 Domitianus48 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PONT, Laureate head right
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Curule chair; above, wreath
AR/Denarius (18.09 mm 2.61 g 6h) Struck in Rome 81 A.D. (4th group)
RIC 46 (R2), BMCRE, RSC unlisted
ex L.A.C. Auction 39 Lot 158
2 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Domitian_wreath.jpg
RIC 0048 Domitian denarius145 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM
Laureate head right

TR P COS VII DES VIII
Curule chair, wreath above

Rome, September 13-December 31, 81 AD

3.5g

RIC 48 (C)

Ex- RM Collection, Ex-Calgary Coin
8 commentsJay GT4
RIC_48_Domitianus.jpg
RIC 0048 Domitianus29 viewsObv: IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, Laureate head right
Rev: TR P COS VII DES VIII P P, Curule chair; above, wreath
AR/Denarius (19.27 mm 2.66 g 6 h) Struck in Rome 81 A.D. (4th Group)
RIC 48 (C), BMCRE 18-19, RSC 570
Ex Inasta Auction 51 lot 322
FlaviusDomitianus
Titus001.jpg
RIC 0108 Titus denarius161 viewsIMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M
Laureate head right

TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P
Wreath on curule chair.

3.27g

Rome 79 AD

RIC 108 (C2), RSC 318


In the Roman Republic, and later the Empire, the curule seat (sella curulis, supposedly from currus, "chariot") was the chair upon which senior magistrates or promagistrates owning imperium were entitled to sit, including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. According to Livy the curule seat, like the Roman toga, originated in Etruria and it has been used on surviving Etruscan monuments to identify magistrates. The curule chair is used on Roman medals as well as funerary monuments to express a curule magistracy; when traversed by a hasta (spear), it is the symbol of Juno.

The curule chair was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory, with curved legs forming a wide X; it had no back, and low arms. Although often of luxurious construction, the Roman curule was meant to be uncomfortable to sit on for long periods of time, the double symbolism being that the official was expected to carry out his public function in an efficient and timely manner, and that his office, being an office of the republic, was temporary, not perennial.
6 commentsJay GT4
RIC_D_126_Titus.jpg
RIC 0126 Titus69 viewsObv: T DIVO AVG DIVI VESP F VESPASIANO, Deified Titus seated, leftt, on curule chair, with branch and sceptre
Rev: Legend clockwise, inwardly, from high right: MP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG P M TR P P P / S C (center field)
AE/Sestertius 32.98 mm 23.42 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 81-82 A.D.
RIC 126 (R2 Domitian) - BMCRE 284 (Domitian) - Paris 293 (Domitian)
Purchased from Numismeo
6 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
RIC_T_261_Vespasianus.jpg
RIC 0261 Vespasianus18 viewsObv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIAN, Deified Vespasian seated, leftt, on curule chair, with branch and sceptre
Rev: Legend clockwise, inwardly, from high right: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII / S C (center field)
AE/Sestertius 33.90 mm 25.11 g 6 h - Struck in Rome 80-81 A.D.
RIC 261 (R, Titus) - BMCRE 225 (Titus) - Paris 233 (Titus)
FlaviusDomitianus
Vespasian_RIC_545.jpg
RIC 054526 viewsVespasian, 69-79 Denarius circa 73,
AR 19.5mm., 3.25g.
Obv: Laureate head r. ; IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
Rev:. Vespasian seated r. on curule chair, with feet on footstool, holding scepter and olive branch; PONTIF MAXIM
RIC 545. C 387.
Ex: E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection
Ex: Naville Numismatics Live auction 50 Lot 467 June 23, 2019
1 commentsorfew
Titus_RIC_554.jpg
RIC 055411 viewsTitus Caesar AR Denarius circa 73,
19mm., 3.25g.
Obv: Laureate head r.
Rev. Emperor seated r. on curule chair, feet on footstool, holding sceptre and olive branch. C 158. RIC 554.
Toned, Very Fine.
From the M.J. Collection.
Ex: Naville Numismatics Live Auction 53 Lot 522
3 commentsorfew
TitusPontif.jpg
RIC 0554 Titus104 viewsT CAES IMP VESP CENS
Laureate bust right

PONTIF MAXIM
Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch

Rome, 73 AD

RIC 554 (R) A mule with reverse type of Vespasian

3.03g

Ex-Jerusalem Haydaya
7 commentsJay GT4
RIC_V_556_Titus.jpg
RIC 0556 Titus44 viewsObv : T CAES IMP VESP CENS, Laureate head right.
Rev : PONTIF TR POT, Titus seated right, on curule chair, holding sceptre and branch.
AR/Denarius (19.73 mm 3.19 g 12h) Struck in Rome 73 A D
RIC 556 (C - Vespasian), RSC 169, BMCRE 116-118 (Vespasian)
3 commentsFlaviusDomitianus
Vespasian_RIC_683.png
RIC 06838 viewsVespasian, 69-79. Denarius 74, Rome.
3.17 g
Obv: Head Laureate right IMP CAESAR VESP AVG
Rev:Emperor with branch and scepter on a Curule chair.
PON MAX TRP COS V
RIC II / 1, 683, C. 363.
Ex: Dr. Busso Peus Nach. January 19, 2018
orfew
Vespasian_Ric_6.jpg
RIC 112429 viewsVespasian AR Denarius 20 Dec 69 CE to early 70 CE
18 mm 3.25 g
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; laureate head of Vespasian r
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN; Titus and Domitian seated left on curule chairs, each holding a branch
RIC 1124 (R)
Purchased from Germania Inferior Numismatics on Vcoins June 14, 2019

1 commentsorfew
Titus_1.jpg
RIC 2, p.035, 174 var - Titus, emperor seated42 viewsTitus
AR-Denar
Obv.: T CAESAR IMP VESP, Head laureate right
Rev.: PONTIF TR P COS III Titus seated right on curule chair, holding scepter and branch
Ag, 3.02g, 17.96mm
Ref.: RIC² 692, RIC¹ 174 var. (legend)
Ex Gitbud & Naumann
shanxi
141.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, CARACALLA RIC 9296 viewsCaracalla Denarius. 207 AD. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right / PONTIF TR P X COS II, Securitas seated right on curule chair, propping head on right hand & holding scepter, altar before3 commentsHELEN S
6939LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius92 viewsCaracalla, 198-217, Silver Denarius, RIC-IV-I-214-S, struck 210-213 at Rome, 3.21 grams, 18.3 mm. EF

Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT - Laureate, bearded head of Caracalla facing right
Rev: INDVLG FECVNDAE - Indulgentia, wearing polos, seated left on curule chair, extending right hand and holding sceptre

A lovely specimen that is especially well centered with just a touch of weakness on the center of the reverse. Lots of eye appeal, lightly toned and a much scarcer issue.

1 commentssseverus
201509222VEpFC0GQH25QDJO_0nCQt_large.jpeg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Caracalla, AR Denarius7 viewsRome, 207. Laureate head right / Securitas seated right on curule chair with legs resembling cornuacopiae, grasping scepter, garlanded altar aflame before. RIC 92. Light double-striking on obverse. NGC Choice XF Ruslan K
bpS1P7ClaudiusII22.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Claudius II (Gothicus)41 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
Laureate and draped head, right.
Rev: REQVIES OPTIMOR MERITORVM
Divus Claudius seated left on curule chair.
Ae4, 1.6 gm, 12.1 mm, Thessalonica RIC 26
Comment: Issued by Constantine. Unlisted in RIC for officina B.
Massanutten
bpS1P7ClaudiusII22XX.jpg
Roman Empire, Claudius II (Gothicus)446 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP
Laureate and draped bust, right.
Rev: REQVIES OPTIMOR MERITORVM
Divus Claudius seated left on curule chair.
1.6 gm, 12.1 mm, Thessalonica RIC 26
Mintmark •TS•B•
Comment: Unlisted in RIC for officina B.
Previously attested on Forum ID Board.
Issued by Constantine the Great in 317-18.
Submitted by Massanutten
Massanutten
CLAUDIUS_II_DIVO_CONSTANTINE~0.JPG
Roman Empire, CLAUDIUS II Gothicus. Commemorative AE3 of Thessalonika. Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. 35 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Claudius seated facing left on curule chair, raising right hand and holding sceptre in left; in exergue, •TS•Γ•.
RIC VII : 26 (r5)
EXTREMELY RARE
*Alex
divipont.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius51 viewsSilver denarius, Rome later part of 81 A.D., Carradice 81.2a var., noted page 13
IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG PONT, laureate head right
P P COS VII DES VIII, Wreath set on curule chair.

This is just the third known specimen with the interesting obverse legend which combines the "DIVI VESP F" variant and the "PONT" variant. The "DIVI VESP F" coins are rather easy to obtain from the bulk of the 81 AD coinage while the "PONT" coins are rare. A combination of the two only seem to occur on just two obverse dies used to strike very few curule chairs coins and the second for altar coins. Also the reverse legend is a scarce one, lacking the "TR P" mention. The other two surviving coins from these dies are: one in the Institut fur Antike Numismatik in Vienna and one from the Leo Benz collection, sold in 1999 as Lanz 94 lot 377.

FORVM AUCTIONS
pontbm.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius91 viewsSilver denarius, Rome later part of 81 A.D., Carradice 81.2a, Cohen 58, RIC page 154 note; ex. Barry Murphy
IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG PONT, laureate head right
P P COS VII DES VIII, Wreath set on curule chair.

Very rare with only a few surviving specimens, of which I can only confirm one in the Curtis Clay coll., struck from the same dies. Also this reverse die was used for the coin above (no. 160) and for the normal variant of this type struck with a different obverse die with DOMITIANVS. Another interesting feature is the oddly shaped V in AVG, which appears on other dies too and it is the "signature" of perhaps a Greek letter cutter. Read the full article by Christopher Lezak here. One of the pictured coins is the same mentioned above; it belonged to Mr. Lezak as well.

1 commentsFORVM AUCTIONS
cos8.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Domitian, Denarius85 viewsSilver denarius, 18mm, Rome early 82 A.D., Carradice 82.1, RIC 27, BMC p. 304 *, RSC 595
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate bearded head right
TR POT COS VIII P P, Wreath set on curule chair.
FORVM AUCTIONS
moneta 617 smaller.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximian AE4, Thessalonica (Struck under Constantine I)43 viewsobv: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate and veiled head right
rev: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Maximian seated left on curule chair, holding scepter and raising right hand
exergue: dot TS dot gamma dot
Struck 318 A.D. at Thessalonica
RIC VII 24 (R5!)
Jericho
Maximian Posthumous RIC 41 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Maximianus Posthumous, RIC 41v91 viewsMaximianus (issued by Constantine I)
AE3
Siscia Mint. 318 A.D.
Obv: DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP - Laureate and veiled head right.
Rev: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM - Emperor seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding sceptre.
Exergue: SIS
Ref: RIC 41 (variant)
Notes: RIC does not list this legend break. Bought from FORVM ANCIENT COINS.
1 commentsseraphic
N8z26Wsdko7YE3jFeD4fy9rJYwH58j_(1).jpg
Roman Empire, Nero Claudius Drusus d. 9BC, Sestertius11 views23.02g
Head of Nero Claudius Drusus left (Father of Germanicus and Claudius) "NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICUS IMP"
Claudius, togate seated left on a curule chair and holding a branch. Weapons and armor below the chair "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP PP"
RIC I 109 (Claudius)
Struck 50-54 AD under Claudius.
Antonivs Protti
bpJ1E2NeroClaudDrus2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Nero Claudius Drusus, Provincial Imitation118 viewsObv: NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMANICVS IMP
Bare head, left.
Rev: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
Either Claudius or Drusus holding branch and seated, left, on curule chair amid an assortment of arms.
Sestertius 15 gm 32.7 mm (RIC 93)
Comment: The official issue was minted by Claudius in 41-42. Drusus was a son of Livia and the younger brother of Tiberius; husband of Antonia (daughter of Marc Antony); father of Germanicus, Claudius and Lavilla. Died of injuries sustained from a horse fall while on campaign in Germany.
Massanutten
a27d.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I antoninianus16 viewsPhilip I AD 244-249 Antoninianus
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: P M TR P II COS P P - Philip seated on a curule chair left, holding globe and scepter.
Rome mint: AD 245 (3rd Issue, 1st Officina) = RIC IViii, 2b, page 68 - Cohen 120 /4.21 g.
Nico
ph1a1a.jpg
Roman Empire, Philip I Arabs ( 244-249 AD) 43 viewssestertius minted in 245 AD, Obverse/ IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate draped bust right ; Reverse/ P M TR P II COS P P S-C, Philip seated left on curule chair. RIC 148a, Cohen 121.
12,38 g.
L.e.
037.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I, AR antoninianus39 viewsPhilip I. 244 - 249 AD. Roma Mint.
rev: P M TR P II COS P P (Philip seated left on curule chair)
C.120 , RIC 2b, sear 2565
Nico
Exp0_lightened_image_1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I, AR Antoninianus21 viewsPhilip I Antoninianus

IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
P M TR P II COS P P, Philip seated left on curule chair,
holding globe and sceptre.
Rome mint: AD 245

RIC IV-iii, 2b; RSC 120.
nlindqui
Photo_2006_1_20_23_56_1_edited.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip I, P M TR P II COS P P98 viewsPhilip I, AR antoninianus, 245 A.D., Rome.

OBV: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.

REV: P M TR P II COS P P, Philip seated left on curule chair, holding globe and scepter.

SOLD
1 commentsancientcoins
040A~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Philip II Sestertius 208 viewsRIC IVc 267a Rome, C 18
19.54 g, 27 mm x 29 mm
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back
LIBERALITAS AVGG III, SC in ex., Philip I and II seated left on curule chairs, extending right hands, Philip I, nearest the viewer, also holds short sceptre downwards.
Rare
1 commentsMark Z
Titus_RIC_II_108~0.jpg
Roman Empire, Titus RIC II 108219 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.24g, 18.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head r. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, curule chair, above wreath. RIC II 108, BMC 66, RSC 318.

2 commentsLucas H
vesp_titus_dom_curule_chairs.jpg
Roman Empire, Vespasian RIC 629 viewsAR denarius
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
RIC 6 (R), BMC 45 note, RSC 541
Obv - IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev - TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated l. side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hands at sides
1 commentsDavid Atherton
65988q00.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D., Gold aureus14 viewsSH65988. Gold aureus, RIC I 94, BMCRE I 23, BnF III 54, Calicó 565, Cohen I 54 var. (branch in right hand), F, weight 7.029 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Apr - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right; reverse L VITELLIVS COS III CENSOR, Lucius Vitellius (emperor's father) togate, seated left on curule chair, extending right, in left eagle-tipped scepter, feet on stool; very rare (RIC R2)Joe Sermarini
Hadr_den_2.jpg
Roman Hadrian Denarius35 viewsAR Denarius
Obv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS; bare hd. r.
Rev: ROMA FELIX / in ex: COS III PP ; Roma std. l. on curule bench, holding branch and spear.

RSC lists this specimen under 1307a with the reference: BMC 566 and Strack 349
1 commentsTanit
Claudius_II_Gothicus_RIC_VII-26.jpg
Roman Imperial: Divus Claudius II Gothicus (268-270 CE) Æ Fractional Follis, Thessalonica (RIC VII 26)6 viewsObv: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP; laureate and veiled head right
Rev: REQVIES OPTIM-ORVM MERITORVM; Divus Claudius seated left on curule chair, raising hand and holding scepter; •TS•Γ• in exergue

Quant.Geek
rrepde36-2.jpg
Roman Republic, 63 BC, Furia9 viewsAR Denarius (3.5g, 18mm, 10h). Rome mint. Struck 63 BC, Monneyer: L.Furius Cn. f. Brocchus.
Obv. III VIR across field (BROCCHI below), head of Ceres facing right, wheat ear left, (barley corn right).
Rev. L.FVRI / CN.F above curule chair between fasces.

Seaby (RSC I.): Sicinica 5

Charles S
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Roman Republic, Gens: Livineia, L. Livineius Regulus, AR Denarius.12 viewsRome 42 B.C. 3.41g - 19.7mm, Axis 3h.

Obv: Bare head of Livineius Regulus to right.

Rev: L•LIVINEIVS / [REGVLVS] - Curule chair; to left and right, three fasces.

RSC Licinia 11; Crawford 494/28; Sydenham 1110.
Christian Scarlioli
furiusbrocchus-moeda1.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, L. Furius Cn. f. Brocchus - 63 BC.10 viewsAR Denarius of L. Furius Cn. f. Brocchus - 63 BC.

Weight: 3.9gr
Ø: 19mm

Obv: Bust of Ceres right, wreathed with corn, barley-grain before, corn-earn behind, BROCCHI below, III.

Rev: VIR across upper field, rev. Curule chair between two fasces with axes, L FVRI / CN F above.

VF/gVF

Ref: Sear Mil # 365 - RSC furia 23-23a.
Jorge C
Roman_Republic_Ceres.jpg
Roman Republic, L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus, 63 B.C.96 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 414/1, Sydenham 902a, RSC I Furia 23a, SRCV I 365, EF, nice style, bold strike, light marks, 3.912g, 19.3mm, 180o, Rome mint, 63 B.C.; obverse III - VIR / BROCCI, head of Ceres right, wearing wreath of grain, lock of hair falls down neck, between wheat-ear and barley kernel; reverse L•FVRI / CN• F, curule chair between two fasces with axes.



The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.

From the Sam Mansourati collection. / NO RR 133.
2 commentsSam
HypsaeusCombined.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus, AR Denarius8 viewsRome, The Republic.
M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus, 58 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.87g; 19mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: King Aretas kneeling right and extending olive branch in right hand and holding reins of camel in left hand; M SCAVR/AED CVR above; EX-SC on side; REX ARETAS in exergue.

Rev: Jupiter in fast quadriga galloping left; scorpion below horses’ feet; P HVPSAEVS/AED CVR, above; CAPTV on right; C HVPSAE COS PREIVER in exergue.

References: Crawford 422/1b; BMCRR 3879; Sydenham 913; Aemilia 8; Plautia 8-9.

Provenance: Ex SC Collection; Stack's Auction (14-15 Jun 1971), Lot 240.

Scaurus and Hypsaeus struck these coins as curule aediles, by Senatorial decree. Grueber states that lavish public games were the reason for the special issue, while Crawford suggests the corn dole and/or Caesar’s agrarian law were the more likely reasons. Scaurus, as governor of Syria, was victorious against the Nabataean king Aretas who surrendered and paid a fine of 300 talents to Pompey. It was this event that he chose to depict on the obverse of the coin. On the reverse, Hypsaeus refers to the capture of the Volscian town of Privernum by his ancestor, C. Plautius Decianus, consul in 329 BCE. Hypsaeus chose to repeat this reverse type on a denarius he struck as moneyer in ca. 57 BCE (Crawford 420). This issue has a large number of legend varieties and the scorpion is missing from some dies.
Carausius
1681183l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, P. Plautius Hypsaeus, AR Denarius - Crawford 420/2a30 viewsRome, The Republic.
P. Plautius Hypsaeus, 57 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.96g; 19mm).
Rome Mint.

Obverse: Draped bust of Leuconoe facing right; dolphin behind; P.YPSAE·S·C before.

Reverse: Jupiter driving quadriga left; C·YPSAE·COS / PRIV – CEPIT in exergue and behind.

References: Crawford 420/2a; RBW 1515 (this coin); Sydenham 911; Plautia 12.

Provenance: Ex NAC 84 (20 May 2015), Lot 807; RBW Collection [NAC 63 (2012), Lot 291]; Crédit de la Bourse (April 1995), Lot 1068; NAC 6 (11 Mar 1993), Lot 285.

This coin is a special issue by Senatorial decree (S.C.) for reasons unknown to history. The moneyer, P. Plautius Hypsaeus, struck coins individually, as moneyer, and jointly with M. Aemilius Scaurus as Curule Aedile. On both series, he used this reverse type, referring to the capture of the Volscian town of Privernum by his ancestor, C. Plautius Decianus, consul in 329 BCE. The obverse refers to the mythical descent of the Plautia gens from Leuconoe, the daughter of Neptune.

Crawford thought Hypsaeus’ individual series preceded his joint series as Curule Aedile with Scaurus; however, the individual coins were absent from the Mesagne Hoard, suggesting it must have post-dated the 58 BCE terminus of that large hoard. Accordingly, Hersh and Walker redated Hypsaeus’ individual series to 57 BCE.
2 commentsCarausius
1680732l.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, P. Sulpicius Galba, AR Denarius - Crawford 406/121 viewsRome, The Republic.
P. Sulpicius Galba, 69 BCE.
AR Denarius (3.85g;18mm).
Rome mint.

Obverse: Veiled head of Vesta facing right; S.C. behind.

Rev: Priestly implements, i.e. knife, culullus and axe; P GALB in exergue; AE-CVR in fields.

References: Crawford 406/1; Sydenham 839; BMCRR 3517-8; Sulpicia 7.

Provenance: Ex Student and Mentor Collection [NAC 83 (20 May 2015) Lot 356]; ex Münzen und Medaillen Auction 52 (19-20 June 1975), Lot 378.

Galba issued these coins by special Senatorial decree while he held the office of Curule Aedile. The type selection suggests that he was also a Pontifex at this time, as the reverse depicts the priestly implements used in ritual sacrifice and often included on coins struck by members of the priestly college. The Senatorial decree, represented by “S.C.” on the obverse may have been related to grain distribution, though this is conjectural. Among other duties, Curule Aediles were responsible for maintenance and distribution of the public grain supply.
1 commentsCarausius
PLAETORIA_VICO.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, PLAETORIA22 viewsM. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus. 57 BC.
AR Denarius (20mm, 3.80 g, 6h). Rome mint.
Turreted and draped bust of Cybele right; forepart of lion behind, globe below chin; all within bead and reel border / Curule chair; lyre key to left; all within bead and reel border.
Crawford 409/2; Sydenham 808; Plaetoria 3.
elmele
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ROMAN REPUBLIC, Q. Cassius Longinus, AR Denarius20 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus. 55 BC. AR Denarius (21mm, 3.90 g). Diademed and veiled head of Vesta right / Circular temple of Vesta, surmounted by figure holding patera and scepter; curule chair within; two-handled urn to left; raised tablet inscribed AC (Absolvo Condemno) to right.
Crawford 428/1; Sydenham 917a; Cassia 9a.
VF, toned, irregular flan.
FabiusMaximus
725573.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Q. Cassius Longinus, AR Denarius29 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus. 55 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.84 gm). LIBERT/Q CASSIVS, Head of Libertas left, wearing necklace / Curule chair within Temple of Vesta; urn and ballot inscribed AC on either side.
Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8.
FabiusMaximus
titus_den.jpg
Roman Titus Denarius19 viewsTitus Denarius.
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, wreath on curule chair.

RIC 25a - C. 317.
Tanit
philipIIsest.jpg
Roman, PHILIP II124 viewsAE sestertius. 248 AD. 18,11 gm. 10h. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind . IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. /
Philip II and Philip I, laureate and togate, seated left on curule chairs, each extending right hand; Philip I holding baton or short scepter in left hand. LIBERALITAS AVGG III. In exergue SC.
RIC IV 267a. s 9279.

benito
RRC422-1.jpg
RRC422/1 (M. Aemilius Scaurus, P. Plautius Hypsaeus)89 viewsObv. King Aretas of Nabatea kneeling beside camel, raising olive branche with fillet; M SCAVR(VS) | AED CVR above, [E]X – SC at sides; [R]EX ARETAS in exergue
Rev. Jupiter in quadriga left, reins in right, hurling thunderbolt with left, horses trampling scorpion; P HYPSAEVS | AED CV(R) above, CAPTV[M] on right, C HYPSAE COS | PREIVER(NVM) in exergue
18 mm, 3.80 grams
Rome, 58 B.C.

Allusions: Scaurus refers to his own deed on the obverse, the first time a Roman dared to do so on a coin. In 62 B.C., he had defeated Haritha (Aretha) III of Nabatea, who was marching on Jerusalem, to help the rightful king John Hyrcanus II. Scaurus, a lieutenant of Pompey's, was bribed by Aristoboulos with 400 talents, then took another 300 from Aretas to spare the Nabetean capital of Petra (Josephus, BJ I.127, Ant. Jud. 14.2, 14.5). His colleague chose a more distant motive: C. Plautius Decianus had captured the Volscian city of Privernum (Piperno) in 329 B.C. Any direct relations between Hypsaeus and Decianus are most likely invented, however.

Moneyers: The moneyers of this coin were not the IIIViri Monetales, but the Curule Aediles of 58 B.C., M. Aemilius Scaurus and P. Plautius Hypsaeus. Both were Pompeian supporters ultimately dropped by their patron in 52 B.C. M. Scaurus, stepsone of Sulla, who had already battled in Judaea and Nabatea (where his massacred are mentioned in the Dead Sea Scrolls) would rise to be praetor in 56 B.C. and propraetor of Sardinia the following year. Accused of extortion, he was defended by Cicero and aquitted, only to be exiled on the charge of ambitus in 52. B.C. He was also the first major Roman collector of engraved gemstones, put together in a dactyliotheca exceeding even that of Mithridates of Pontus (Pliny, NH 37.5.11). Less is known about his colleague during his aedileship. P. Plautius Hypsaeus rose to the praetorship in 55 B.C. but was tried for bribery in 52 B.C. whilst standing for consul. He convicted and fled into exile.

On this issue: M. Aemilius Scaurus' aedileship is known and can be securely dated. It became famous for the unparalleled lavishness of its games. These included the construction of an artificial lake to show off crocodiles and hippopotamuses; Scaurus also brought a huge skeleton from Joppa, believed to be the monster to which Andromeda was to be sacrificed (Pliny NH 9.4.11). He also had a temporary theatre capable of holding 80,000 spectators built, standing for just one month, and adorned with all kinds of luxuries (Pliny, NH 36.2.5; 36.24.113ss). After the games, he had the huge marble columns transferred to his house, for which the sewer contractors demanded a hefty security fee, in case their weight caused the drains to cave in (ibid. 36.2.6). According to Pliny, the remains of the theatre alone were worth 30 million sesterces (or 7,500,000 denarii).
Syltorian
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Sestertius of Commodus 186 AD36 viewsOBV:M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT; Laureate head right
REV:PM TRP XI IMP VII COS V PP S-C; Commodus seated left on curule chair holding globe; Victory flying behind crowning him
RIC III, 463, Cohen 506, Sear5, #5782
wt. 18.1 gm, ~26mm
daverino
gordianus_sesterz.jpg
Sestertius; P M TR P III COS P P 
Gordian seated left, RIC 2945 viewsGordian III, Sestertius, Bronze. Rome mint, 240 A.D. 25x26mm, 15.44g. 
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG 
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. 
Reverse: P M TR P III COS P P 
Gordian seated left on a curule chair, holding out a globe and with a short sceptre trailing in his left hand. 
Exergue: S C 
Reference: Sear RCV (2005) 8728; RIC IV 294. This sestertius, which was found in Syria, has the slightly squared shape that leads people to theorise that the blank flans were cut from a bar before striking the coin. Ex MoremothPodiceps
DIV-CLAUD_2_CONST.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS CLAUDIUS II. Commemorative AE3 of Thessalonika8 viewsObverse: DIVO CLAVDIO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Claudius facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Claudius seated facing left on curule chair, raising right hand and holding scroll in left; in exergue, •TS•Γ•.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.5gms | Die Axis: 1
RIC VII : 26 (r5)
EXTREMELY RARE
1 comments*Alex
DIV-CONST_1_Emperor_STD.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS CONSTANTIUS I. Commemorative AE3/4 of Siscia3 viewsObverse: DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI. Laureate and veiled head of Constantius I facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Constantius, seated on curule chair, facing left, his right hand raised, left hand holding scroll; in exergue, SIS.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 1.5gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VII : 42
VERY RARE
*Alex
DIV-MAXIMIAN_EMP_STD.JPG
Struck A.D.317 - 318 under Constantine I. DIVUS MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative AE4 of Treveri5 viewsObverse: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPT IMP. Laureate and veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: REQVIES OPT MER. Maximianus, veiled and togate, seated on curule chair facing left, right hand outstretched, left hand holding scroll. In exergue, STR.
Weight: 1.7gms
RIC VII : 205
VERY RARE
*Alex
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TEMPLE, Q.Cassius Longinus, Temple of Vesta849 viewsQ. Cassius Longinus -- AR Denarius. Head of Libertas right; LIBERT left, Q. CASSIVS right / Curule chair within temple of Vesta; urn to left and voting tablet inscribed AC to right. Crawford 428/2; Sydenham 918; Cassia 8.9 commentsfeatherz
Tiberius_RIC48.JPG
Tiberius - Sestertius - RIC 4814 viewsObv: CIVITATIBVS ASIAE RESTITVTIS, Tiberius seated left on curule chair with patera and scepter
Rev: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST P M TR POT XXIIII around large SC
Size: 35 mm
Weight: 25,96 g
Mint: Rome
Date: 22-23 AD
Ref: RIC I 48, Cohen 3, BMC 70
Rarity: S
vs1969
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TITUS84 viewsAR denarius. 80 AD. 3,43 grs. 7 h. Laureate head right. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM / Wreath resting on cushion on curule chairs. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P.
RIC II 25a. RSC 318.
2 commentsbenito
00titocurule.jpg
TITUS25 viewsAR denarius. 80 AD. 3,43 grs. 7 h. Laureate head right. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM / Wreath resting on cushion on curule chairs. TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P.
RIC II 25a. RSC 318.
Roma Numismatics II. Lot 623.
1 commentsbenito
TitusAnchorDolphinI.jpg
TITUS58 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD. Rome mint, 18mm 3.2g, Struck January-July 80 AD.
O: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head right
R: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, dolphin coiled around anchor. - RIC II 26a; BMCRE 72; RSC 309

The short reign of Titus witnessed three major calamities. First, on 24 August 79 AD, only one month after his accession, was the eruption of Mount Vesuvius which overwhelmed Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae, and Oplontis. The following year, while still in Campania supervising the relief work , a devastating fire and epidemic of plague broke out in Rome.

The above coin was minted in 80 AD, and, according to Mattingly, in BMC II, pp. lxxii-lxxiii, was part of a series commemorating the supplicatio and lectisternium voted by the Senate after the eruption. As part of the atonement ceremony to seek peace with heaven, sacred couches, pulvinaria, were arranged, each bearing attributes or emblems of the gods. In this particular case the dolphin and anchor represent Neptune.

In contrast, B. Damsky, in "The throne and curule chair types of Titus and Domitian," in SNR 74 (1995), pp. 59-70, after reviewing all the interpretations suggested by various scholars, theorized that this coin, and others minted at the same time, refers not to the ceremony following the eruption, but rather to the occasion for rejoicing and spectacles held in June 80 to inaugurate the completion and opening of the Amphitheatrum Flavium or Colosseum.

Others claim this reverse is a connection to Augustus. The Roman historian Suetonius, in De vita Caesarum, tells that Augustus deplored rashness in a military commander and so σπεῦδε βραδέως (speûde bradéōs) was one of his favorite sayings. This classical adage and oxymoron meaning "make haste slowly" or "more haste, less speed" benefitted the two most praised Roman emperors, Augustus and Titus.

Both of these men possessed a unique greatness of soul, and with an incredible gentleness joined with courtesy and the amiable popularity of their manners, they bound the hearts of all to them. But, nonetheless, when affairs demanded force, they accomplished the greatest actions with diligence equal to their gentleness.
2 commentsNemonater
Titus_PontifMaxim.jpg
Titus / Pontif Maxim Mule106 viewsTitus. As Caesar, AD 69-79. AR Denarius, Rome mint. Struck under Vespasian, AD 73.
O: Laureate head right; T CAES IMP VESP CENS
R: Vespasian seated right on curule chair, feet on footstool, holding scepter and olive branch.
- RIC II 554 (R) (Vespasian); BMC 113; RSC 158. Struck from the same obverse die as the aureus illustrated for Calicó 746.

An interesting mule. When this coin was struck, Titus was only Pontifex not Pontifex Maximus. The same reverse type was also struck for Titus with his correct titles, PONTIF TRI POT.
The reverse type clearly copies the PONTIF MAXIM Livia seated type of Tiberius. Vespasian may have copied this and other earlier aureus and denarius reverse types as restorations, since he was melting down and recoining the originals to take advantage of Nero's debasement of 64 AD. According to CClay, "Use of the SAME dies for both aurei and denarii was the rule up until Titus and continued in some issues until about Hadrian. Thereafter the style and size of the two denominations diverged, though gold and silver QUINARII often continued to be struck from the same dies."
5 commentsNemonater
titus_01~0.jpg
Titus AR Denarius 13 viewsObv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M - Laureate head right.
Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII P P - Curule chair on which is wreath.
Mint: Rome
Date: Jan-Jun 80 AD
Ref: RIC II 25a, RSC II 318
oa
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Titus as Caesar RIC 553 Mule71 viewsAR, Denarius, 3.25g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP - VESP CEN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 553 (R). BMC 112. RSC 158. BNC -.

This denarius of Titus as Caesar is quite interesting because of the reverse legend, PONTIF MAXIM, obviously inappropriate for Titus in 73 AD! However this mule was minted in such quantities as to be assigned it's own catalog number in the major references. The type was also issued with obverse legend ending in CENS.

The portrait is very pleasing as well.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
titus_as_caesar_pont_max.JPG
Titus as Caesar RIC 554 Mule89 viewsAR Denarius, 3.08g
Rome Mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 554 (R). BMC 113. RSC 158. BNC 97.
Ex Lanz, eBay, 6 October 2008.

This rare denarius of 73 AD issued by Titus as Caesar, is a mule featuring a reverse intended for Vespasian. The reverse legend PONTIF MAXIM is the title of the chief priest, a position held only by the emperor.

A coin featuring a sturdy portrait of the young prince with his father as supreme priest on the reverse, a perfect mule.
1 commentsvespasian70
V556sm.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 55664 viewsAR Denarius, 2.57g
Rome Mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TRI POT; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 556 (C). BMC 116. RSC 169. BNC -.
Acquired from CGB, May 2016.

A reverse type which copies the famous 'Tribute Penny' reverse of Tiberius, but instead of a female figure we see Titus seated. The type was correspondingly struck for Vespasian which resulted in many rare mules. This denarius actually has the correct legends for Titus Caesar. Unusually for Rome it has a twelve o'clock die axis.

A nice early portrait struck on a large flan.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
titus_as_caesar_seated1.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC 69261 viewsAR Denarius, 3.19g
Rome Mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESP; Head of Titus, bearded, laureate, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 692 (R). BMC -. RSC 161a. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This reverse type was shared with Vespasian. Note the reverse legend is PONTIF lacking MAXIM, which was reserved for the emperor alone; however, a hybrid of the type is known (see my RIC V554).

A snarling Titus is shown here. Good metal.

David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC 70553 viewsAR Denarius, 3.29g
Rome Mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PONTIF TR P COS III; Titus std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 705 (R). BMC 150. RSC 161. BNC 123.
Acquired from Roma Numismatics, January 2009.

This reverse echos the Tribute Penny reverse of Tiberius. A fairly difficult coin to locate, rated rare by the RIC.

Not in the best of conditions, but I like the portrait and it is well-centered.
Vespasian70
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V554.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V055489 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. (3.16g, 19.9mm, 0h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS; laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 554 (R), BMC V113, RSC 158. Ex Incitatus/Steve McBride.

This coin is considered a mule for Titus as the reverse title POINTIF MAXIM was reserved for the Emperor. There are two types (V553 with CEN instead of CENS), and both seem to have been minted in fairly large quantities which seems unusual for a mule. This example has a die axis of 0 hours which is also unusual for the Rome mint. The Flavians used previous reverse types, and this was the ubiquitous reverse from Tiberius’ reign where the reverse figure was interpreted as Liva as Pax. Many mysteries here.
3 commentsLucas H
Titus_RIC_II_108.jpg
Titus RIC II 010884 viewsTitus. 79-81 A.D. Rome Mint. 80 A.D. 1 Jan.-30 June. (3.24g, 18.6mm, 5h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M, laureate head r. Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, curule chair, above wreath. RIC II 108, BMC 66, RSC 318. Toned. EF. Ex Harry N. Sneh collection.

A stellar example of a common coin. I’ve had the left facing bust of this type for some time, and was finally able to add the more common right in a high quality.

One of the new series of pulvinaria series thought to be issued to commemorate the opening of the Flavian Amphitheater.
6 commentsLucas H
Titus_RIC_II_0109.jpg
Titus RIC II 010922 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 1 Jan.-30 June 80 A.D. (2.87g, 17.9m, 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, curule chair, wreath above. RIC II 109 (R),

With the more scarce left facing head, this is one of a new series of pulvinaria types, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. This coin is dated before 1 July, as Titus took TRP X on that date. The largest output of Titus’ denarii fell in the first six months of 80 A.D, thought perhaps to be due to the great fire in Rome.
Lucas H
Titus_RIC_II_109.jpg
Titus RIC II 010929 viewsTitus 79-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 80 , 1 Jan.-30 June A.D. (2.91gm 18.9mm 6h). Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head left. Rev: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, curule chair, wreath above. RIC II 109 (R), BMC 70, RSC 319.

Another left facing head on a pulvinaria type, thought to be related to the inauguration of the Flavian Amphitheater. This coin is dated before 1 July, as Titus took TRP X on that date. I rarely upgrade, but this example was well priced and much nicer than the example I previously had in my collection.
2 commentsLucas H
titus_25.jpg
Titus RIC II, 25(a)147 viewsTitus 79 - 81
AR - Denar, 3.51g, 17mm
Rome 80
obv. IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM
laureate head r.
rev. TRP IX I[MP] XV COS VIII PP
Two curule chairs, above wich is a wreath ('pulvinar' of Mars and Venus and
the 'Divi' (?))
RIC II, 25(a); C.318; BMCR 66(?)
good VF

Curule chair (SELLA CURULIS), in the form of two Us, used by the highest magistrates of the Roman state.
1 commentsJochen
titus curule rev.JPG
Titus RIC-108 (1)122 viewsAR Denarius, 3.13g
Rome mint, 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Curule chair; above, wreath
RIC 108 (C2). BMC 66. RSC 318. BNC 53.

A pulvinar type issued in celebration of the Colosseum's dedication. Possibly represents the pulvinar of Divus Vespasian, honouring his labours in building the structure.

A coin which has nice detail on the reverse, especially in the wreath.
2 commentsVespasian70
T108aa.jpg
Titus RIC-108 (2)101 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Rome mint, 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Curule chair; above, wreath
RIC 108 (C2). BMC 66. RSC 318. BNC 53.
Ex JW Harper Collection.

Most dies of this 'pulvinar' type depict the wreath sitting atop the chair unadorned. Here we see what appears to be some sort of semi-circular backing. Ben Damsky in his paper 'The Throne and Curule Chair types of Titus and Domitian' speculated the semicircle variant may be the result of a literal minded engraver who included the support device that held the wreath in place(!). I'm not quite sure what it is. Possibly it is just some sort added decoration. Regardless, it is a Rare variant of this common 'pulvinar' type. A quick scan of asearch.info turned up 80 specimens with an unadorned chair and only 7 with a semicircular 'frame'.

Well centred and good metal.
3 commentsDavid Atherton
titus l curule chair.jpg
Titus RIC-109102 viewsAR Denarius, 2.98g
Rome Mint, 80 AD
Obv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P; Curule chair; above, wreath
RIC 109 (R). BMC 70. RSC 319. BNC 55.
Acquired from Hixenbavgh Ancient Art, January 2008. Ex Robert Kutcher collection.

Rare left facing example of the type.

The RIC notes: The type is often described as showing two curule chairs, but is more likely a single chair with both pairs of legs shown.

Vespasian70
titus_k.jpg
Titus, AD 79-812 viewsAR denarius, 18mm, 3.3g, 6h; Rome mint, AD 80
Obv.: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M; Laureate head right.
Rev.: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, laurel wreath on curule chair.
Reference: RIC II Titus 25a, p. 119. 16-184-75
John Anthony
ben22.jpg
Trajan27 viewsAR denarius. 3.31 g, 7h. Rome , circa AD 112-115. Laureate bust right, with drapery on far shoulder . IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS III PP / Trajan’s deified father (Marcus Ulpius Traianus) seated left on curule chair, holding patera and scepter. DIVVS PATER TRAIANI . RIC II 252; RSC 140. Toned.
CNG photograph.
benito
00trajanpater.jpg
TRAJAN67 viewsAR denarius. 3.31 g, 7h. Rome , circa AD 112-115. Laureate bust right, with drapery on far shoulder . IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS III PP / Trajan’s deified father (Marcus Ulpius Traianus) seated left on curule chair, holding patera and scepter. DIVVS PATER TRAIAN . RIC II 252; RSC 140. benito
Trajan_Pater.jpg
Trajan60 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. AR Denarius, 18mm, 3.12 g, 6h. Rome mint. Struck AD 112.
O:Laureate bust right, slight drapery, IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P
R: Marcus Ulpius Traianus seated left on curule chair, holding patera in right hand and hasta pura in left (attributes of divinity), DIVVS PATER TRAIAN
RIC II 252 corr. (fully draped bust); Woytek 406b; RSC 140.

Trajan's father, Marcus Ulpius Traianus was the most distinguished of the gens Ulpii, a family originally hailing from Tuder in Umbria which had settled in Baetica in Spain. His success in both war and politics paved the way for his son to become the first non-Italian emperor of Rome.

He came to prominence while commanding the 10th Legion during the Jewish War. Having pounded the city of Joppa close to submission, he presented Titus with the honor of leading the final assault. As a reward, Vespasian made Ulpius Traianus a consul.

Serving as governor of Syria from 73 to 77, the elder Trajan was later proconsul of all Asia from 79 to 80. In that capacity he earned honors in actions against the Parthians, built two vital roads and shored up the frontier defenses.

Trajan deified his adopted father Nerva in 98, though without immediately striking coins for the new Divus. Trajan Pater died about two years after his son took the purple and was also, as this coin shows, deified by him.

Trajan's natural father seems to have been consecrated in connection with the dedication of Trajan's Forum in Jan. 112. That was the occasion for the striking of this denarius type for DIVVS PATER TRAIAN early in 112.



4 commentsNemonater
trajan HS 2.jpg
Trajan - Sestertius82 viewsThe reverse legend is REX PARTHIS DATVS (King given to Parthians) : Trajan in military flight-suit seated on a curule chair on top of a platform, his Praetorian Prefect standing behind him, presents the pro-Roman puppet-king Parthamaspates (in Parthian attire) to an allegory of Parthia kneeling in gratitude.

Nice example of Roman propaganda. It is difficult today to figure how Romans could be so naive they would believe it. Notice Trajan's size : if he stood up from his chair, the Praetorian prefect would look like a dwarf.
Ginolerhino
Trajanus_CongiarvmTertivm.jpg
Trajan AE Sestertius Congiarvm Tertivm32 viewsTRAJAN. 98-117 AD. Æ Sestertius (31 mm). Struck 107 AD. Laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder / CONGI-ARIVM TERTIVM, Trajan seated left in curule chair on raised daïs, extending hand; official seated before, drawing tessera from container and handing it to figure climbing ladder right and extending hand to receive it; extending hands to receive tessera from figure holding abacus before; statue of Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus, and tripod, on daïs behind. RIC II 469; BMCRE 769; Cohen 45. Kampmann 27.67 F250 VF500.
Ex collection Dr. Reuben Gittes.
mattpat
Trajan_RIC_252.JPG
Trajan, 98 - 117 AD23 viewsObv: IMP TRAIANVS AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS VI PP, laureate head of Trajan facing right, drapery on far shoulder.

Rev: DIVVS PATER TRAIAN, Cult statue of Trajan's natural father seated left on a curule chair, holding a patera in his right hand and a scepter in his left.

Silver Denarius, Rome mint, 115 AD

3.34 grams, 18.94 mm, 180°

RIC II 252, RSC II 140, S3323, VM 17
Matt Inglima
Valerian_Mopsus.jpg
Valerian - Mopsus11 views255-256 AD
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
AVT·K·OVAΛEPIANOC·CEB
Tyche standing right, presenting agonistic urn containing two palm fronds to Valerian I and Gallienus, each seated left on curule chair.
AΔP OVA ΓAΛ MOΨEATΩN DΩPEAI ET ΓKT
SNG Levante 1358 (var)
16,2g
Johny SYSEL
Vespasian_RIC-702.jpg
Vespasian / Emperor seated41 viewsVespasian AR Denarius, Rome Mint, 74 AD
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Vespasian laureate right
R: PON MAX TR P COS V; Vespasian, togate, seated right on curule chair, feet on stool, holding scepter in right hand, branch in left
- RIC 702 (C), BMC 136, RSC 364
4 commentsNemonater
VespTitusDomit.jpg
Vespasian / Titus and Domitian52 viewsAR Denarius
Vespasian Rome mint, 3,26g 69-70 AD
O: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Laureate head right.
R: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in right hand, left hands at sides.
- RIC 6, BMC 46, RSC 541
3 commentsNemonater
100107.jpg
Vespasian Denarius Rev: Vespasian seated26 viewsVespasian 69-79 Silver Denarius
Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN, laureate head right,
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right on curule chair, holding scepter and olive-branch, feet on footstool.
RIC II² 545 (C).
Not in RIC II, though similar to 65 (there noted as CENS instead of CEN).
This particular coin was initially recorded as an 'unpublished' variety and one of only two known to Ted Buttrey (the other being a BM acquisition from 1977). A small number of others have since come to light. Still a relatively scarce coin in comparison.
2 commentsOldMoney
vesp_horseback.jpg
Vespasian RIC 05174 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome Mint, 69-70 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian riding r., hands outstretched
RIC 5 (R). BMC p. 7, ||. RSC 539. BNC 28.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A denarius of Vespasian from his first issue at Rome, dated from December 69 AD to early 70 AD by the new RIC. The reverse depicts Titus and Domitian galloping with their hands outstretched, an obvious dynastic type with the two princes 'as armed warriors on horseback' (BMCRE II p. xxxiii).

It was very important to Vespasian to establish the fact that his son(s) would succeed him. Indeed Suetonius writes 'either his sons would succeed him or nobody would' (Suet. Vesp. 25) which the numismatic evidence backs up. No less than 3 different precious metal dynastic types were minted at Rome in the first months of the new regime: The present type with Titus and Domitian on horseback, another with them seated on curule chairs, and a third with their confronting busts. Arguably, the horseback type is the rarest of the three with the confronting busts by far the most common.

My example is not a particularly well preserved specimen, but I am most pleased with it.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
vesp titus dom curule chairs.jpg
Vespasian RIC 06193 viewsAR Denarius, 3.07g
Rome mint, 69-70 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian, togate, seated l. side by side on curule chairs, each holding branch extended in r. hand, l. hands at sides
RIC 6 (R). BMC 46. RSC 541. BNC -.
Acquired from Frank L. Kovacs, July 2006.

A reverse that announces Vespasian's desire to found a dynasty. Titus and Domitian are represented here as magistrates holding the branch of peace. A rare type.

A coin that looks much better in hand than the picture allows. I was pleasantly surprised when I first saw it. A reverse I have sought after for quite sometime. Earlier this year (2006) Harlan J Berk sold a coin of this type that was both an obv. and rev. die match with mine. After a casual look around, I was able to locate another die match.
Vespasian70
Vespasian_RIC_II_6.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 0006107 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 21 Dec. 69 A.D.-early 70 A.D. (3.17g, 17.5m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR [VESPASIAN]VS AVG, laureate head r. Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian std. l. on curule chairs, with branches. RIC II 6 (R), BMC 45, RSC 541. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Another dynastic type from the first months of Vespasian’s reign and his from his first series of denarii at Rome. His victory over Judaea and establishing his sons as his successors were Vespasian’s first priorities with his minting authority.
3 commentsLucas H
2920370.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 054638 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Rome Mint. 73 A.D. ( 2.92g, 18.8m, 12h). Obv: IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM (anit-clockwise), Vespasian seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch. RIC II 546, BMC 98, RSC 387. Ex. CNG.

This type is very common, but new in 73 A.D. Mid-way through 73 A.D, the legend direction switched on Flavian denarii, and this was one of the first issued with the right to left outward direction. Carradice and Buttrey note this type closely copies Tiberius’ seated figure type, the so called “Tribute Penny.” This issue also has the unusual 12 o’clock die axis.
2 commentsLucas H
vespasian,_ric_685.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 068533 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Vespasian seated right on curule chair, holding branch and sceptre. RIC 685, RSC 386.

Possible double strike on the obverse. See the "shadow" of Vespasian's profile from his forehead to his nose.
Lucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_702.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 070227 viewsVespasian 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 74 A.D. (3.44g, 19.2m, 6h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right. REV: PON MAX TRP COS V, Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with scepter and branch. RIC II 702, BMC 136, RSC 364.

Along with the winged caduceus, this reverse type was one of the most common reverses for the year. Introduced the previous year, it echoes Tiberius’ Livia type. This is example is reasonably centered, maintains full legends on the obverse, and is a solid example of the type.
Lucas H
V683.jpg
Vespasian RIC-683104 viewsAR Denarius, 3.20g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR - VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Vespasian std. r. on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 683 (R). BMC 135. RSC 363. BNC 109.
Acquired from G&N, January 2012.

I had a most difficult time tracking this type down. Apparently it is fairly rare with this obverse legend.

Not a bad little coin. A fairly average mid-period Vespasian denarius with a typical portrait. It's nice that the obverse legend is in full here, which is what makes this type rare.

7 commentsDavid Atherton
58ee_1_b.JPG
Vespasian RIC-68588 viewsAR Denarius, 3.40g
Rome mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESP AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM; Vespasian, seated right on curule chair, with sceptre and branch
RIC 685 (R). BMC p. 27,*. RSC 386. BNC 119.

This coin is considered rare by the RIC and it was a bit difficult for me to find a nice example. A type which commemorates Vespasian as head of the state religion.

Good specimen in average condition.
Vespasian70
vesp seated 74.JPG
Vespasian RIC-702129 viewsAR Denarius, 3.39g
Rome Mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V; Vespasian, togate, seated r. on curule chair, feet on stool, holding vertical sceptre in r. hand and branch extended in l.
RIC 702 (C). BMC 136. RSC 364. BNC 110.
Acquired from Barry P. Murphy, March 2004.

A coin that represents the Emperor as peace-bringer.

This reverse type brings to mind Tiberius' famous "tribute penny". The figure here is male, not female however.
Vespasian70
Vespasiancurulechair.jpg
Vespasian with Titus and Domitian118 viewsVespasian, with Titus and Domitian, Caesars. 69-79 AD. AR Denarius (3.18 gm). Lugdunum mint, Struck 71 AD.
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN; Titus and Domitian left, on curule chairs, with branches
RIC 1124 (R), BMC 393, RSC 544
6 commentsNemonater
613565.jpg
Vespasian, 69-79, Silver Denarius with Titus and Domitian22 viewsVespasian, 69-79, Silver Denarius, 3.46g,
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head of Vespasian right;
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV, Titus and Domitian seated to left on curule chairs, each holding branch;
RIC II² 6 (R); RIC II 23; RSC 541; S.2403.
Very Rare, Same dies Gitbud & Naumann Auction 42/712 (although that coin has significant surface porosity).
1 commentsOldMoney
V1124b.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1124113 viewsAR Denarius, 3.06g
Lyon mint, 71 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN; Titus and Domitian std. l., on curule chairs, with branches
RIC 1124 (R). BMC 393. RSC 544. BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This dynastic reverse type was minted both in Rome and Lyon*. Both are rare, with perhaps the the Lyon type being the rarest of the two.

Much better in hand than the photo suggests. It should tone up nicely with time.

* The type has also been attributed to uncertain western mints (See my RIC 1363 var.).
3 commentsDavid Atherton
VespRIC1363var.JPG
Vespasian-RIC-1363A128 viewsAR Denarius, 2.90g
Uncertain mint, 69-70 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., globe below
Rev: TITVS ET DOMITIANVS PRIN IV; Titus and Domitian std. l. on curule chairs, with branches
RIC 1363A (R3). BMC -. RSC -. BNC -.

Minted very early in Vespasian's reign, perhaps for the troops of Antionius Primus in Illyricum, who were some of the first to declare for Vespasian. The type is minted later in Rome in a somewhat similar style (Rome had an eclectic portrait style at this time due to the die engravers not knowing Vespasian's features prior to his arrival or before proper portrait busts were provided), however the difference in the lettering, the presence of mint marks, and the spacing dots all point to a separate mint other than Rome.

The series is very rare and has many shared die links. Curtis Clay pointed out this specimen shares the same obverse die as the RIC 1358 plate coin which has a globe mint mark below the bust, making this denarius a unique variant of 1363. It has been assigned RIC 1363A in the RIC II Addenda.

Where the series was minted remains a mystery. Unknown military or western mint it is for now.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
T260.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-26082 viewsÆ Sestertius, 27.35g
Rome mint, 80-81 AD (Titus)
Obv: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESP; Deified Vespasian std. l., with branch and sceptre
Rev: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII; S C, large, in centre
RIC 260 (R2). BMC 224. BNC 232.
Ex eBay, 21 February 2019. Ex Tom Cederlind, 1996.

The funeral Titus held for his father Vespasian in the early summer of 79 was a lavish affair. Suetonius says it reportedly cost 10 million sestertii! B. Levick in her Vespasian biography speculates the procession was closely modelled on the one held for Divus Augustus by Tiberius. Vespasian's body was borne by leading senators on a funerary couch of ivory and gold with the body hidden from view, instead onlookers saw a wax image of Vespasian in triumphal gear. A cult statue of the dead emperor was also displayed in a triumphal chariot - the same statue of Vespasian that is likely commemorated on the obverse of this rare sestertius struck by Titus for the deified Vespasian. Two variants of the obverse legend occur: one with 'VESPASIAN' (seated on a curule chair) and this coin's 'VESP' - which seems to be slightly rarer. Only one obverse die has been recorded for this variant.
The seated emperor with branch and sceptre was also struck for Divus Augustus in a restoration issue by Titus. Minting the same type for both Divus Augustus and Divus Vespasian was a way to stress a parallel between the two emperors, a parallel that Vespasian had earlier emphasised with his own coinage. The date with Titus as COS VIII places the coin between 80-81, at least a full six months after Vespasian's death on 24 June 79 (assuming the coins were produced contemporaneously with Vespasian's deification). Epigraphic evidence shows Vespasian had been deified sometime before 29 May 80. Why they were struck so late remains a mystery. Perhaps the delay for deification was an attempt on Titus' part to avoid his father becoming a court joke as Claudius had become, or so B. Levick has asserted. She believes the famous 'Woe's me ...' quip attributed to Vespasian is likely a later cruel jest parodying Claudius' last utterance 'Woe's me, I think I've messed myself'. Regardless, the political expediency of having a deified father likely overruled any such qualms.

Beautiful dark brown patina. A fine piece in hand!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
valerian-I_ant_emperor-seated_tater_00.JPG
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - Emperor Seated "PM TR P V COS IIII P P"17 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Valerian I (253 - 260 AD)
Silver/billon Antoninianus. Struck 257 AD.

obv: IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS PF AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right of Emperor Valerian. Seen from the Front.

rev: PM TR P V COS IIII P P - Emperor seated left in curule chair, holding globe and sceptre.

Weight: 3.2 Grams
Size: 21.5 mm
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* This particular Roman coin of the Emperor Valerian I (253 - 260 AD), struck in The Year of Our Lord, 257, was originally found in the British Isles, a well known area which the Romans occupied for several centuries and attempted to settle.
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2 commentsrexesq
Domitianus-Denar-KranzStuhl-RIC_IIn_48.jpg
VIII - DOMITIANUS -c- Denar RIC II² /04846 viewsA) IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG PM
Laureate head right

R) TRP COS VII DES VIII PP
Wearth on curule chair

Weight: 3,33g; Ø: 18mm; Reference: RIC II²/48
ROME mint, struck:: 81
1 commentssulcipius
VitLVitCurule.jpg
Vitellius / L. Vitellius Denarius90 viewsVitellius (69 AD). AR Denarius, 18 mm, 2.51 g. Rome mint. Struck late April to December 20, 69.
O: A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right.
R: L VITELLIVS COS III CENSOR, L. Vitellius seated left on curule chair, holding branch and eagle-tipped sceptre.
RIC I, 97 (R); Cohen 55 (40 Francs).

Lucius Vitellius the elder, the father of the emperor of the same name, had an impressive career under Tiberius, Caligula and Claudius. He achieved the highest honors attainable by a private man at Rome under the Empire: consul for the third time and censor. He held these offices during the reign of Claudius, being a close friend of the emperor and the most influential Roman senator.

Vitellius died unexpectedly from a paralytic stroke in 51 and received a statue on the speaker's platform on the Roman Forum, with the inscription 'Of unwavering loyalty to the emperor'.

The year 36 saw an incident which deserves mentioning. In Judaea, a Samaritan, claiming to be Moses reincarnate, gathered an armed following. The prefect of Judaea, Pontius Pilate, intervened immediately, dispersed the crowd, and had the ringleaders executed. The Samaritans considered his violence excessive and appealed to the Syrian governor. Vitellius heard their complaints, sent Pilate back to Italy and appointed Marcellus. Pilate's co-ruler in Judaea, the high priest Joseph Caiaphas, was replaced by his brother-in-law Jonathan.
2 commentsNemonater
   
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