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cc50283b.jpg
120 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
1 commentspostumus
cc50283a.jpg
114 viewsPOSTUMUS: Double sestertius,
21.62g.

MINT: COLOGNE

IMP. C. M. CASS. LAT. POSTVMVS P. F. AVG. radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ HERC DEVSONIE[NSI] Hercules standing l. holding club and lionskin, within four-columned temple with three pellets in pediment.

Bastien-231 (7 spec.), C-99 (30 Fr.), RIC-134 (R2).
postumus
SALONINA-1~0.jpg
43 viewsSALONINA (Wife of Gallienus) - 257/258 AD - Billon Antoninianus - Lugdunum or Cologne mint
Obv: SALONINA AVG, Draped bust right on crescent
Rev: FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae
Gms 2,28 mm 24,8
RIC V 1-6 Cohen 50
Maxentius
rjb_sal3_05_07.jpg
90220 viewsAntoninianus
Cologne
DEAE SEGETIAE
G 902
mauseus
rjb_sal11_05_07.jpg
90320 viewsAntoninianus
Cologne
FELICITAS PVBLICA
G 903
mauseus
Postumus_RIC_Cologne_315.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus21 viewsPOSTUMUS
AR Antoninianus, Cologne
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V-II Cologne 315
Sosius
45448q00.jpg
Gallic 3 Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.25 viewsBronze antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 8a, Mairat 238, SRCV III 11123, RIC V 17, aEF, rev a bit weak, 2.822g, 19.5mm, 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 2nd emission; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT-O-R-IA AVG, Victory standing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left; nice portrait, nice dark sea-green patina, slightly irregular flan; scarce

Purchased from FORVM
1 commentsSosius
Victorinus_RIC_Cologne_118.jpg
Gallic 4 Victorinus36 viewsVICTORINUS
Slivered Antoninianus, Cologne, 268-70 AD
IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / PAX AVG, Pax standing l. holding olive-branch and scepte, V to l., star to r.
RIC V-2 Cologne 118; Cunetio hoard 2530; Elmer 682; Sear 11175
Sosius
tetau.jpg
Tetricus I, RIC 90, 271-274 CE. 18 viewsAE antoninianus Cologne mint, struck 272 CE.
Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing facing, head left, holding wreath and anchor. RIC 90; Mairat 426-9; AGK 5b. 17 mm., 1.5 g.
NORMAN K
victorin-aeqvitas.JPG
RIC.41 Victorinus, antoninianus (Aeqvitas Avg)7 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Aeqvitas Avg (1st emission, end 269, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.27 g, diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C PI VICTO[RINVS P F AVG]; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ AEQVITAS AVG; Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornupiae

Origin: Irchester hoard
EG.223
Droger
victorin-salvs.JPG
RIC.67 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)15 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2ond emission, 269-270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.34 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 2 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms

EG.234
Droger
victorin-g-salvs.JPG
RIC.67 Victorinus, antoninianus (Salvs Avg)10 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus : Salvs Avg (2ond emission, 269-270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.06 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 2 h

A/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms

EG.236
Droger
victorin-pietas.JPG
RIC.57 Victorinus, antoninianus (Pietas Avg)12 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Pietas Avg (3rd emission, mid-end 270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 3.72 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 7 h

A/ IMP C VICTOR[INVS P F A]VG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVG; Pietas standing left, sacrificing at altar and holding box of perfumes

EG.240
Droger
victorin-victoria-avg.jpg
RIC.75 Victorinus, antoninianus (Victoria Avg)9 viewsVictorinus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (269-271)
Antoninianus: Victoria Avg (3rd emission, mid-end 270, Cologne)

Billon (20 ‰), 2.71 g, diameter 18mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP C [VICTO]RINVS P F AVG; radiate and cuirassed bust left
R/ [VI]CTO-R-[I]-A AVG; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm

EG.245
Droger
tetricus1-hilaritas.JPG
RIC.79 Tetricus I: antoninianus (Hilaritas Avgg)18 viewsTetricus, Gallic emperor (usurper) (271-274)
Antoninianus: Pax Avg (7th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 3.37 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h

A/ IMP TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ HILA-RITAS AVGG; Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopiae

EG.311
Droger
tetricus2-pietas-avgg.JPG
RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)8 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TET[RICVS CAE]S; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ [P]IETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the right)

EG.305
Droger
tetricus2-pietas-avgg2.JPG
RIC.255 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Pietas Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Pietas Avgg (6th emission, 272-273, Cologne)

Billon, 2.30 g, diameter 20 mm, die axis 6h

A/ C P E TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ PIETAS AVGG; pontifical instruments variously arranged (vase handle on the left)

EG.305
Droger
tetricus2-spes-avg.JPG
RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 3.19 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AVGG; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.315
Droger
tetricus2-spes-g.JPG
RIC.270 Tetricus II: antoninianus (Spes Avgg)11 viewsTetricus II, Gallic caesar (usurper) (272-274)
Antoninianus : Spes Avgg (8th emission, 273-274, Cologne)

Billon, 2.18 g, diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 12h

A/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left
R/ SPE-S-AV[GG]; Spes walking left, holding flower and raising robe

EG.316
Droger
a_pius_alexandria_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA80 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
conscratio.jpg
(258) Valerien II (BCEN Avril 2013)60 viewsCologne, Rare variante unpublished
published in BCEN 2013
icos
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Æ 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
Victorinus.jpg
008 - Victorinus (268-271 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 7140 viewsObv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVS AVG, Salus standing left, holding sceptre and patera, feeding serpent rising from altar.
Minted in Cologne 270-271 AD.
pierre_p77
Gallienus2.JPG
038 - Gallienus (253-268), Antoninianus - RIC 18(J)43 viewsObv: GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GERMANICVS MAX V, two captives seated back-to-back flanking the foot of a trophy of captured arms, their arms tied behind their backs.
Minted in Cologne, 258-259 AD
Ca 20 mm in diam; 3,1 g.
1 commentspierre_p77
046.jpg
044 POSTUMUS7 viewsEMPEROR: Postumus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae.
DATE: 260-268 AD
MINT: Cologne
WEIGHT: 3.55 g
RIC: V.II.75
Barnaba6
045.jpg
045 VICTORINUS6 viewsEMPEROR: Victorinus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP C VICTORINVS. P.F. AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from front
REVERSE: INVICTVS, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field
DATE: 268-270 AD
MINT: Cologne
WEIGHT: 2.54 g
RIC: RIC V-2 Cologne 114
Barnaba6
Salonina-Billon-Ant_SALONINA-AVG_VENVS-VICTRIX_RIC-68_Gobl-899c_C-129_Koln_Q-001_7h_20-22,5mm_3,45g-s.jpg
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068, Cologne, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,72 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068, Cologne, VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- VENVS-VICTRIX, Venus standing left, shield on ground behind her, holding apple in right hand and grain ear in left.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 20-22,5 mm, weight: 3,45 g, axis: 7 h,
mint: Cologne, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-068, p-, Göbl-899c,
Q-001
quadrans
Salonina-Billon-Ant_SALONINA-AVG_VENVS-V(I)CTRIX_RIC-68_Gobl-899c_Cologne_Q-002_0h_21-22,5mm_3,28g-s.jpg
091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068var., Cologne, VENVS V(I)CTRIX, Venus standing left,64 views091 Salonina (? - 268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 068var., Cologne, VENVS V(I)CTRIX, Venus standing left,
avers:- SALONINA-AVG, Diademed draped bust right on crescent.
revers:- VENVS-V(I)CTRIX, Venus standing left, holding apple and vertical sceptre, shield at feet in left. Legend error I missing (VCTRIX).
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 21-22,5 mm, weight: 3,28 g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Cologne, date: A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-068var., p-, Göbl-899cvar., C-
Q-001
quadrans
092_Valerianus_II_,_RIC_V-I_01,_AR-Ant,_VALERIANVS_CAES,_IOVI_CRESCENTI,__Cologne,_RSC-16,_257-58_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-23mm,_3,50g-s.jpg
092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 01, Cologne, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #178 views092 Valerian-II (256-258 A.D. Caesar), AR-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 01, Cologne, IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right, Scarce! #1
avers: VALERIANVS CAES, Radiate, draped bust right.
reverse: IOVI CRESCENTI, Jupiter riding goat Amalthea right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cologne, date: 257-258 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 01, p-118, RSC-16, Scarce!,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_LAETITIA-AVG_RIC-73-p-_C-167_Lugdunum_260-69-AD___Q-001_7h_22mm_3,02ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 073, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA AVG, Galley right, #1324 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 073, AE-Antoninianus, LAETITIA AVG, Galley right, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: LAETITIA AVG, Galley right.
exergue: -/-//AVG, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 7h,
mint: Cologne? or Trier?, (Lugdunum? are an error in RIC V-II), date: 260-69 AD.,
ref: RIC V-II 73, RSC 167, Sear 10958,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_MONETA-AVG_RIC-V-II-75a-p-343_C-199_260-69-AD_Q-001_6h_21,5mm_4,11ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 75v., AE-Antoninianus, MONETA AVG, Moneta left, #1204 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne (???), RIC V-II 75v., AE-Antoninianus, MONETA AVG, Moneta left, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
reverse: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left,
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 4,11g, axes: 6h,
mint: ???, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 75v., RSC 199a, Sear 3116, (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
Q-001
quadrans
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_PAX-AVG_P-left-field_RIC-V-II-318-p-363_Cologne_260-69_AD_Q-001_0h_20mm_3,05ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne, RIC V-II 318, AE-Antoninianus, P/-//--, AVG, Pax left, #1210 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Cologne, RIC V-II 318, AE-Antoninianus, P/-//--, AVG, Pax left, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left with branch and scepter, P in left field.
exergue: P/-//--, diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 3,05g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cologne, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 318, RSC 215, Elmer 333, Sear 10966,
Q-001
quadrans
Victorinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VICTORINVS-PF-AVG_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_5-F_RIC-V-II-61-p-_C-_Cologne-_282-AD_C_Q-001_5h_17,5-19mm_2,27ga-s.jpg
101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 061, Southern mint, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1173 views101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 061, Southern mint, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-VICTORINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-19mm, weight: 2,27g, axes: 5h,
mint: Southern mint, date: 268-270 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-061-p, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC-061_Victorinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VICTORINVS-P-F-AVG_PROVIDENTIA-AVG_5-F_RIC-V-II-61-p-_C-_Cologne-_282-AD_C_Q-002_0h_18-19,5mm_3,24g-s.jpg
101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 061, Southern mint, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #285 views101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 061, Southern mint, PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, #2
avers: IMP-C-VICTORINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right.
revers: PROVIDENTIA-AVG, Providentia standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19,5mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Southern mint, date: 268-270 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-061-p, C-,
Q-002
quadrans
Victorinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-VICTORINVS-PF-AVG_SALVS-AVG_5-F_RIC-122-p397-_C-112_Cologne-_282-AD_C_Q-001_6h_21-23mm_4,67ga-s.jpg
101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 122, Cologne, SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right,121 views101 Victorinus (268-270 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 122, Cologne, SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right,
avers: IMP-C-VICTORINVS-P-F-AVG, Radiated and cuirassed bust right.
revers: SALVS-AVG, Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 4,64g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cologne, date: 268-270 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-122-p397, C-112,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_115o_img~0.jpg
115 - Postumus - Antoninianus - RIC 33118 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– VIRTVS AVG, Emperor (sometimes referred to as Mars) advancing right, holding spear and shield, small captive to right.
Minted in Cologne. A.D. 266
Reference– RIC 331; Elmer 291; AGK (corr.) 103; Cunetio 2427.

A scarcer reverse type

All examples I have been able to find come from the same die pair
maridvnvm
IMG_5089.JPG
120. Saloninus (259 A.D.) 18 viewsAv.: SALON VALERIANVS CAES
Rv.: PIETAS AVG

AR Antoninianus Ø23 / 3.4g
RIC V-1 9 Cologne, Cohen 41,
Sear5 10767, Elmer 69/107
Juancho
IMG_3691~0.jpg
125. Postumus (260-269 A.D.)20 viewsAv.: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Rv.: SAECVLI FELICITAS

Billon Antoninian Ø21 / 5,1g
RIC 83=325 Cologne , Cohen 331
Juancho
IMG_8742.JPG
128. Marius (269 A.D.)11 viewsAv.: IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
Rv.: VICTORIA AVG

AE Antoninian Ø17-19 / 3.1g
RIC V-2 17 Cologne; Elmer 638; Cunetio 2509
Juancho
IMG_4206~0.jpg
129. Victorinus (269-270 A.D.)22 viewsAv.: IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS PF AVG
Rv.: INVICTVS
Left: star

AE Antoninian Ø19 / 2.5g
RIC V-2 113 Cologne
Juancho
IMG_4203~0.jpg
131. Tetricus I (271-274 A.D.)10 viewsAv.: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG
Rv.: VIRTVS AVGG

AE Antoninian Ø21-23 / 3.3g
RIC V-2 148 Cologne , Cohen 207
Juancho
MARIUS-victoire_marchant_à_droite.JPG
1er Emission - Cologne - (269)13 viewsIMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
VICTORIA AVG
buste drapé et cuirassé
Victoire marchant à droite
EG 178
Cunetio 2507
RIC 18
Elmer 636
AGK 6a
de Witte 7
Cohen (20)
PYL
marius-victoriaaug-2.JPG
1er Emission - Cologne - (269)18 viewsIMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
VICTORIA AVG
buste drapé et cuirassé
Victoire marchant gauche
EG 179
Cunetio 2508
RIC 17
Elmer 637
AGK 7a
de Witte ...
Cohen (19)
PYL
22107.jpg
22107 Victorinus/Pax from the Petherington Hoard11 viewsVictorinus/Pax
Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG,
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAX AVG
Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre;
V-star across fields.
Mint:Cologne 19.8mm 2.7g
RIC 118; Elmer 682; AGK (corr.) 14b. Sear 11175.
From the South Petherington Hoard in uncleaned condition
Ex Frascatius
Blayne W
rjb_post_21_01_05.jpg
246822 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter standing right throwing thunderbolt
Mint 2 (Cologne), Issue 1
Cunetio 2468
mauseus
rjb_post_vic_11_05.jpg
246951 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
PM TRP X COS PP
Victory standing right inscribing shield VO XX
Mint 2 (Cologne), Issue 2
Cunetio 2469
"Suffolk" hoard
1 commentsmauseus
10603346_732337593469821_1075071389989188733_n.jpg
250 Gallienus27 viewsGallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D
Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 872m, RSC IV 310 (Lugdunum), RIC V J18 (Lugdunum), SRCV III 10225, VF, weak reverse strike, 3.077g, 23.3mm, 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm in left; reverse GERMANICVS MAX V, two captives seated back-to-back at the foot of a trophy, their arms tied behind their backs; scarce;

1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
marius-victoriaaug-1.JPG
2e Emission - Cologne - (269)16 viewsIMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
VICTORIA AVG
buste cuirassé
Victoire debout à gauche
EG 183
Cunetio 2511
RIC ...
Elmer 639
AGK 8a
de Witte 8
Cohen 19
PYL
Z2157LG.jpg
308b. Saloninus (AD 258-260)149 viewsSon of Gallienus

Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus (242 - 260) was Roman Emperor in 260. His full title was IMP CAESAR CORNELIUS LICINIUS SALONINUS VALERIANUS PF INVICTUS AUG.

Saloninus was born around the year 242. His father was the later emperor Gallienus. In 258 Saloninus was appointed Caesar by his father (just like his older brother Valerian II, who had then just died, two years earlier was) and sent to Gaul, to make sure his father's authority was respected there. Saloninus lived in Cologne during that time of his life.

In 260 (probably in july) Saloninus and his protector, the praetorian prefect Silvanus, had an argument with the usurper Postumus about the distribution of some booty. Both fled to Cologne with some loyal troops and were besieged by Postumus. The troops elevated Saloninus to the rank of Augustus but the city was soon captured by Postumus, and both Saloninus and Silvanus were murdered. Gallienus, being on the other side of the empire could do nothing to stop him. Saloninus was probably emperor for about one month only.

AE Antoninianus (as Caesar)
OB: Radiate, draped bust, right
SALON. VALERIANVS NOB. CAES.
REV: Spes presenting flower to Saloninus
SPES PVBLICA
RIC, Vol. V, Part 1, #36
Antioch mint
1 commentsecoli73
coin250.JPG
311. Postumus28 viewsPostumus was recognized as emperor in Gaul, Spain, Germany, and Britain. He set up the capital of his renegade empire at Cologne, complete with its own senate, consuls and praetorian guard. He represented himself as the restorer of Gaul on some of his coins, a title he earned after successfully defending Gaul against the Germans. The coins issued by Postumus were of better workmanship and higher precious metal content than coins issued by Gallienus.

In 263, Gallienus launched a campaign to defeat Postumus. After initial success against Postumus, Gallienus was seriously wounded and needed to return home. After his failed attempt at defeating Postumus, Gallienus was occupied with crises in the rest of his empire and never challenged Postumus again.

Aureolus, a general of Gallienus who was in command of Milan, openly changed sides and allied himself with Postumus. The city of Milan would have been critical to Postumus if he planned to march on Rome. For whatever reason, Postumus failed to support Aureolus, who was besieged by Gallienus.

Postumus, one of Gallienus usurpers, was himself challenged by a usurper in 268. Laelianus, one of Postumus' top military leaders, was declared emperor in Mainz by the local garrison and surrounding troops (Legio XXII Primigenia). Although Postumus was able to quickly capture Mainz and kill Laelianus, he was unable to control his own troops and they turned on him and killed him, since they were dissatisfied with him for not allowing them to sack the city of Mainz (Aur. Vict. 33.8; Eutrop. 9.9.1).

Following the death of Postumus, his empire lost control of Britain and Spain, and the shrunken remains of the Gallic Empire were inherited by Marius.

Postumus AR Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae. RIC 75. RSC 199.
ecoli
coin252.JPG
312a. Marius28 viewsMarius. AD 269. AE antoninianus.

Marcus Aurelius Marius was emperor of the Gallic Empire in 268.

According to later tradition, he was a blacksmith by trade who rose through the ranks of the Roman army to become an officer. After the death of Postumus he seized power, reportedly for two or three days, before being killed by a sword of his own manufacture.

This tradition is probably partially or entirely incorrect. Based upon the number of coins he issued, a more accurate length for his reign would be at least two or three months. Marius is listed among the Thirty Tyrants in the Historia Augusta.

Denomination : Bronze Antoninianus. Mint : Cologne.

Reference : RIC 5, part 2, page 377 #9. Sear-3155

Size : 16.9 x 18.0 mm Weight : 3.12 grams.

Grade : VF slightly off-centre.

Obverse : Radiate bust of Marius right, with IMP C M AVR MARIVS P F AVG around (the first half of the inscription is off the flan, but IVS P F AVG is clear.

Reverse : Felicitas standing left holding a caduceus and cornucopiae, with SAEC FELICITAS around.

At a glance one could confuse this coin with Postumus, as both Postumus and Marius have similar portraits and the part of the obverse inscription visible could be MVS P F AVG with the first part of the M off the flan. However, Postumus never issued this reverse type, so the coin can only be a Marius. (Description/Coin - Ex- Calgary Coins)
ecoli
560_P_Hadrian_RPC3962.jpg
3962 SAMARIA, Caesarea Maritima. Hadrian AE 15 Lion32 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3962; Kadman 30; BMC p. 21, 76 and pl. III.9; CNP II p. 102, 30; De Saulcy p. 123, 5corr. (Av.); Lindgren & Kovacs 2415; SNG ANS 773.

Obv. [IMP TR] [HAD]RIANO CA [A]
Laureate head right.

Rev. C I F A C (Colonia Prima Flavia Augusta Caesarea)
Lion walking right; above, serpent

2.47 gr
15 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Schulten, Auction, Cologne, 22-23 April 1985, lot 467; ex Frank Sternberg, Auction 33, Zurich, 18-19 September 1997, lot 87, A.K. Collection: Coin ID C011 from Lot no. 559
okidoki
virtvs.jpg
3e Emission - Cologne - (mi 269)12 viewsIMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG
VIRTVS AVG
EG 184
Cunetio 2512
RIC 19
Elmer 640
AGK 9
de Witte 11
Cohen 22
PYL
helena.JPG
405a. Helena106 viewsFlavia Iulia Helena, also known as Saint Helena, Saint Helen, Helena Augusta, and Helena of Constantinople, (c.248 - c.329) was the first wife of Constantius Chlorus, and the mother of Emperor Constantine I. She is traditionally credited with finding the relics of the True Cross.

Many legends surround her. She was allegedly the daughter of an innkeeper. Her son Constantine renamed the city of Drepanum on the Gulf of Nicomedia as 'Helenopolis' in her honor, which led to later interpretions that Drepanum was her birthplace.

Constantius Chlorus divorced her (c.292) to marry the step-daughter of Maximian, Flavia Maximiana Theodora. Helena's son, Constantine, became emperor of the Roman Empire, and following his elevation she became a presence at the imperial court, and received the title Augusta.

She is considered by the Orthodox and Catholic churches as a saint, famed for her piety. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces. She is traditionally credited (but not by Eusebius) with the finding of relics of the True Cross (q.v.), and finding the remains of the Three Wise Men, which currently reside in the Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles. Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18.

At least 25 sacred wells currently exist in Britain that were dedicated to her. She is also the patron saint of Colchester.

Helena Follis. FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas standing left, holding branch in right hand; PTR(crescent) in ex.
1 commentsecoli
Valerian-II-RIC-3.jpg
51. Valerian II.11 viewsAntoninianus, 256 - 258 AD, Cologne mint.
Obverse: VALERIANVS CAES / Radiate bust of Valerian II.
Reverse: IOVI CRESCENTI / The infant Jupier siting on a goat.
3.16 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #3; Sear #10731.

In all of Roman coinage, this coin of Valerian II is the only coin which has this reverse legend and type.

According to legend, the infant Zeus (Jupiter, Jove) was hidden in the cave of Dicte on Crete where he was suckled by a goat. He was hidden from his father Cronus, who intended to eat him just as he had swallowed all of Zeus' other siblings, to escape the prophesy that he would be succeeded by his son.
Callimachus
Postumus-RIC-318.jpg
62. Posthumus.12 viewsAntoninianus, 258 - 269 AD, Cologne mint.
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Postumus.
Reverse: PAX AVG / Pax standing, holding olive branch and sceptre.
3.42 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #318; Sear #10967.

This is one of the last coins issued in the white metal alloy. Posthumus abandoned it later than most, and later coins of the Cologne mint are just bronze with a silver colored plating on them. See RIC vol. V, part 2, p. 328 - 330.
Callimachus
Victorinus-RIC-118.jpg
68. Victorinus.11 viewsAntoninianus, 268 - 270 AD, Cologne mint.
Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Victorinus.
Reverse: PAX AVG / Pax standing, holding olive branch and sceptre. V in left field, star in right field.
2.97 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #118; Sear #11175.
Callimachus
Tetricus-I-RIC-80.jpg
70. Tetricus I.16 viewsAntoninianus, 270 - 273 AD, Cologne or Vienne mint.
Obverse: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Tetricus I.
Reverse: HILARITAS AVGG / Hilaritas standing, holding palm branch and cornucopiae.
2.33 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #80; Sear #11237.

Tetricus was the last emperor of the so-called Gallo-Roman Empire. He became emperor in 270 AD, and immediately gave his young son, also named Tetricus, the title and rank of Caesar. Several years later in 273 AD when Aurelian invaded Gaul, Tetricus abdicated and surrendered to him. The lives of Tetricus and his son were spared and they spent the rest of their lives in Italy as private citizens. A welcome interlude in a saga where ambition lead to violent deaths for just about everyone involved !
Callimachus
Antoniniano Postumo RIC 59.jpg
88-02 - POSTUMO (260 - 269 D.C.)39 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 4.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FIDES MILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión 260 - 261 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri (Off.A) Hoy Trier - Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #59 Pag.342 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10940 Pag.359 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3109 - Cohen Vol.VI #67 Pag.23 - RSC Vol. IV #67a Pag.128 - DVM #13 Pag.267 - Cunieto #2386 - Elmer #133 - AGK #21 - Hunter #9
mdelvalle
RIC_59_Antoniniano_Postumo1.jpg
88-02 - POSTUMO (260 - 269 D.C.)7 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 21 mm 4.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "FIDES MILITVM" - Fides (La Fidelidad) de pié a izquierda, portando un estandarte militar en cada mano de sus brazos extendidos.

Acuñada 1ra. Emisión 3ra.Fase 261 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri (Off.A) Hoy Trier - Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #59 Pag.342 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10940 Pag.359 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3109 - Cohen Vol.VI #67 Pag.23 - RSC Vol. IV #67a Pag.128 - DVM #13 Pag.267 - Cunetio #2386 - Elmer #133 - AGK #21 - Hunter #9 - L.E.G.PPS #16 P.XXIV
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Postumo RIC 320.jpg
88-04 - POSTUMO (260 - 269 D.C.)41 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" - Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo un niño en cada uno de sus brazos. A sus piés dos niños mas uno a cada lado.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 266 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri (Off.B) Hoy Trier - Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #320 Pag.363 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10969 pag.362 (Cologne) - Cohen Vol.VI #230 Pag.39/40 - RSC Vol. IV #230 Pag.132- DVM #40 Pag.268 - Cunieto #2428 - Elmer #395 - AGK #58 - Hunter #730
mdelvalle
RIC_320_Antoniniano_Postumo.jpg
88-04 - POSTUMO (260 - 269 D.C.)11 viewsAR Antoniniano 23 x 22 mm 2.9 gr.

Anv: "IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PIETAS AVG" - Pietas (La Piedad) de pié a izquierda, sosteniendo un niño en cada uno de sus brazos. A sus piés dos niños mas uno a cada lado.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión 266 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri (Off.B) Hoy Trier - Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #320 Pag.363 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10969 pag.362 (Cologne) - Cohen Vol.VI #230 Pag.39/40 - RSC Vol. IV #230 Pag.132- DVM #40 Pag.268 - Cunetio #2428 - Elmer #395 - AGK #58 - Hunter #730 - L.E.G.PPS #65 P.XXVII

mdelvalle
Antoniniano Victorino RIC 114.jpg
91-04 - VICTORINO (269 - 271 D.C.)50 viewsBillon Antoniniano 20 x 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INVICTVS" - Sol radiado y desnudo corriendo hacia la izquierda, su capa flota sobre su hombro izquierdo, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en el izquierdo.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión mitad 270 - inicios 271 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #114 Pag.396 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11170 Pag.384 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3165 - Cohen Vol.VI #49 Pag.73 - DVM #7 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2545 - Elmer #683 - AGK #9b
mdelvalle
RIC_114_Antoniniano_Victorino.jpg
91-04 - VICTORINO (269 - 271 D.C.)10 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 19 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "INVICTVS" - Sol radiado y desnudo corriendo hacia la izquierda, su capa flota sobre su hombro izquierdo, levantando su brazo derecho y portando un látigo en el izquierdo. "*" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 2da.Fase Inicio a mediados de 270 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #114 Pag.396 (C) - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11170 Pag.384 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3165 - Cohen Vol.VI #49 Pag.73 - DVM #7 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2534 - Elmer #683 - AGK #9b (C6) - L.E.G.PPS #202 P.LVI
mdelvalle
RIC_61_Antoniniano_Victorino.jpg
91-06 - VICTORINO (269 - 271 D.C.)9 viewsAE Antoniniano 18 mm 2.3 gr.

Anv: "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "[PR]OVIDENTIA AVG" - Providentia (La Providencia) estante a la izq., portando un bastón corto en mano der.apoyado sobre globo y cornucopia en izq.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión 271 D.C.
Ceca: Colonia, Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vb #61 Pag.392 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11178 Pag.384 (Cologne) - Cohen Vol.VI #101 Pag.79 - DVM #10 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2577 - Elmer #743 - Hunter #29 - AGK #19 (C6) - L.E.G.PPS #252 P.LXI
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 100.jpg
92-04 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)36 viewsAE Antoniniano 17 x 17 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP C TETRICVS P F A[VG]" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PAX AVG" - Pax (La Paz) de pié a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en mano de brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en izquierda.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión principio 272 - principio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #100 Pag.409 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11243 Pag.391 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3179 - Cohen Vol.VI #95 Pag.102 - DVM #6 Pag.270 - Cunieto #2603 - Elmer #775 - AGK #8b - Hunter #6
mdelvalle
RIC_100_Antoniniano_Tetrico_I.jpg
92-04 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)17 viewsAE Antoniniano 17 x 17 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP C TETRICVS P F A[VG]" - Busto radiado. vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "PAX AVG" - Pax (La Paz) de pié a izquierda, portando una rama de olivo en mano de brazo derecho extendido y largo cetro vertical en izquierda.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión principio 272 - principio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #100 Pag.409 (C) - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11243 Pag.391 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3179 - Cohen Vol.VI #95 Pag.102 - DVM #6 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2603 - Elmer #775 - AGK #8b (C6) - Hunter #6 - L.E.G.PPS #269 P.LXXI
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico I RIC 148.jpg
92-07 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)42 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.1 gr.
Reinado conjunto con su hijo Tetrico II.

Anv: "IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVS AVGG" - Virtus (La Virtud) ó Marte con ropas y casco militar, de pié a izquierda, apoyando la mano de su brazo derecho extendido en un escudo y portando una lanza vertical en izquierda.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión inicio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #148 Pag.411 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11258 Pag.392 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3183 - Cohen Vol.VI #207 Pag.113 - DVM #11 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2618 - Elmer #780 - AGK #14a - Hunter #13
mdelvalle
RIC_148_Antoniniano_Tetrico_I.jpg
92-07 - TETRICO I (271 - 274 D.C.)10 viewsAE Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.1 gr.
Reinado conjunto con su hijo Tetrico II.

Anv: "IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado, vestido y acorazado, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "VIRTVS AVGG" - Virtus (La Virtud) ó Marte con ropas y casco militar, de pié a izquierda, apoyando la mano de su brazo derecho extendido en un escudo y portando una lanza vertical en izquierda.

Acuñada 5ta. Emisión inicio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #148 Pag.411 (S)- Sear RCTV Vol.III #11258 Pag.392 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3183 - Cohen Vol.VI #207 Pag.113 - DVM #11 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2618 - Elmer #780 - AGK #14a (C5) - Hunter #13 - L.E.G.PPS #281 P.LXXII
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Tetrico II RIC 272.jpg
93-02 - TETRICO II Como Cesar de Tetrico I (273 - 274 D.C.)51 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 16 mm 2.3 gr.
Hijo de Tetrico I.

Anv: "[C PIV] ESV TETRICVS CAES" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPES [P]VBLICA" - Spes avanzando a derecha, portando una flor en la mano del brazo derecho extendido y levantando su vestido con la izquierda.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión principio 273 - principio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania
Rareza: C

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #272 Pag.424 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11294 Pag.396 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3191 - Cohen Vol.VI #97 Pag.128 - DVM #6 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2608 - Elmer #769 - AGK #10 - Hunter #4
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_272_Antoniniano_Tetrico_II.jpg
93-02 - TETRICO II Como Cesar de Tetrico I (273 - 274 D.C.)12 viewsBillon Antoniniano 19 x 16 mm 2.3 gr.
Hijo de Tetrico I.

Anv: "[C PIV] ESV TETRICVS CAES" - Busto radiado y vestido, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SPES [P]VBLICA" - Spes avanzando a derecha, portando una flor en la mano del brazo derecho extendido y levantando su vestido con la izquierda.

Acuñada 4ta. Emisión inicio 273 - inicio 274 D.C.
Ceca: Treveri - Hoy Trier Alemania

Referencias: RIC Vol.V Parte II #272 Pag.424 (C) - Sear RCTV Vol.III #11294 Pag.396 (Cologne) - Sear RCTV (1988) #3191 - Cohen Vol.VI #97 Pag.128 - DVM #6 Pag.270 - Cunetio #2608 - Elmer #769 - AGK #10 (C6) - Hunter #4 - L.E.G.PPS #274 Pag.LXXI
mdelvalle
Allectus- Pax Avg.jpg
Allectus- Pax Avg77 viewsAllectus, summer 293 - 296 or 297 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
ALLECTVS: Allectus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
PAX AVG, the divine peace

PAX: Peace
AVG: Divine


Pax standing left holding scepter and branch

Domination: Bronze antoninianus, Size 16 mm.

Mint: Cologne or Camolodunum mint

Comment: The coin is 'Barbarous'. It's so well established, unfortunately, that we're stuck with it. It refers to coins struck unofficially during times of shortage, which would be comparable with the tokens which circulated in Britain in the late 18th-eatly 19th centuries at a time when there was a shortage of copper coinage. The term 'barbarous' comes from an old, now discredited, idea that they were struck by 'barbarians' outside the empire.
John Schou
ANTOHD01-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Æ drachm of AD 148-14920 viewsÆ Drachm (21,42g, Ø 35mm, 11h). Alexandria mint. Struck AD 148-149.
Obv.: AYT K T AIΛ AΔP ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, radiate head right.
Rev.: L TPIC - KAIΔ (regnal year 13), Dikaiosyne (=Aequitas) enthroned left, holding scales and cornucopiae.
Dattari 2518; BMCG 1063; Cologne 1634; Milne 2051; Sear (Roman Coins and their Values) 4441
Ex J.Jencek (2010).
1 commentsCharles S
ANTOHD02-2.jpg
Antoninus Pius, Æ drachm of AD 150-15112 viewsÆ drachm (21,68g, Ø33mm, 12h). Alexandria mint. Struck AD 150-151.
Obv.: AYT K T AIΛ AΔP ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, radiate head right.
Rev.: L IΔ (regnal year=14), Triptolemos in biga drawn by winged serpents.
Dattari 2907; BMCG 1027; Cologne 1661; Milne 2103; Sear (Roman Coins and their Values) 4445
Ex J.Jencek (2010)
Charles S
Claudia Octavia.jpg
Claudia Octavia, daughter of Claudius and Valeria Messalina, first wife of Nero. Augusta, 54-62 CE.252 viewsAlexandria, Egypt, Billon tetradrachm (25mm, 11.1gm), struck AD 56-7.
Obv: NER KLAU KAIS SEB GER AUTO, laur. hd. of Nero, r.
Rev: OKTAOUIA SEBASTOU, dr. bust of Octavia, r., L Gamma (=regnal year 3) before.
RPC 5202; BMCG 119; SGI 657; Cologne 122; Milne 133.
1 commentsEmpressCollector
VICTORIN-cologne-1em-aequitas_aug_2.JPG
Cologne - 1er Emission - (fin 269) - AEQVITAS AVG19 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
AEQVITAS AVG
EG 228
Cunetio 2561
RIC ...
Elmer 701
AGK 1b
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-1em-aequitas_aug.JPG
Cologne - 1er Emission - (fin 269) - AEQVITAS AVG21 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
AEQVITAS AVG
EG 228
Cunetio 2561
RIC ...
Elmer 701
AGK 1b
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
aequitas_2.JPG
Cologne - 1er Emission - (fin 269) - AEQVITAS AVG9 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
AEQVITAS AVG
EG 228
Cunetio 2561
RIC ...
Elmer 701
AGK 1b
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
victorin_aequitas_1.JPG
Cologne - 1er Emission - (fin 269) - AEQVITAS AVG12 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
AEQVITAS AVG
EG 228
Cunetio 2561
RIC ...
Elmer 701
AGK 1b
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
salvs_4.JPG
Cologne - 1er Emission - (fin 269) - SALVS AVG10 viewsIMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 228
Cunetio 2561
RIC ...
Elmer 703
AGK 21b
de Witte 84a
Cohen (114)
PYL
aequitas_3.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - AEQVITAS AVG14 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
AEQVITAS AVG
EG 233
Cunetio ...
RIC 40
Elmer ...
AGK 1d
de Witte 9a
Cohen 9
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-2_em-salus_aug.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG11 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 234
Cunetio 2567
RIC 67
Elmer 732
AGK 21c
de Witte 82
Cohen 112
PYL
salvs_5.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG17 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
Tête radiée et buste cuirassé à gauche
SALVS AVG
EG 236
Cunetio 2569
RIC 67
Elmer 733
AGK 21e
de Witte 83
Cohen 113
PYL
salvs_2.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG11 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 234
Cunetio 2567
RIC 67
Elmer 732
AGK 21c
de Witte 82
Cohen 112
PYL
salvs_1.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG12 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
Tête radiée et buste cuirassé à gauche
SALVS AVG
EG 236
Cunetio 2569
RIC 67
Elmer 733
AGK 21e
de Witte 83
Cohen 113
PYL
salvs_-buste_à_gauche.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 269 - mi 270) - SALVS AVG14 viewsVICTORINVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG
EG 238
Cunetio ...
RIC 69
Elmer 735
AGK 21g
de Witte ..
Cohen ...
PYL
fides_militvm_2.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 271) - FIDES MILITVM12 viewsIMP C P ESV TETRICVS AVG
buste cuirassé avec un pan du paludamentum sur l'épaule gauche
FIDES MILITVM
EG 295
Cunetio 2634
RIC 72
Elmer 782
AGK 3d
de Witte ...
Cohen 39
PYL
fides_militvm_1.JPG
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 271) - FIDES MILITVM12 viewsIMP C P ESV TETRICVS AVG
buste drapé et cuirassé
FIDES MILITVM
EG 294
Cunetio ...
RIC 72
Elmer ...
AGK 3c
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
Tetricus_Ier_-_drapé_-_FIDES_MILITVM.jpg
Cologne - 2e Emission - (fin 271) - FIDES MILITVM11 viewsIMP C P ESV TETRICVS AVG
buste drapé et cuirassé
FIDES MILITVM
EG 294
Cunetio ...
RIC 72
Elmer ...
AGK 3c
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
fides_militvm_3.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (fin 271) - FIDES MILITVM6 viewsIMP TETRICVS AVG
FIDES MILITVM
EG 297
Cunetio 2635
RIC 71
Elmer 783
AGK 3g
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-3_em-pietas_aug-voilée.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi - fin 270) - PIETAS AVG19 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété voilée
EG 240
Cunetio 2571
RIC 57
Elmer ...
AGK 16a
de Witte ...
Cohen 90
PYL
victorin_-_buste_-_pietas.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi - fin 270) - PIETAS AVG22 viewsIMP VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété voilée
EG 243
CUNETIO ...
RIC ...
(ELMER 742)
AGK 16b
de Witte 65
Cohen 83
PYL
Victorin_-_buste_armé_à_gauche_-_PIETAS_AVG.jpg
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi - fin 270) - PIETAS AVG16 viewsIMP VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété voilée
EG 243
CUNETIO ...
RIC ...
(ELMER 742)
AGK 16b
de Witte 65
Cohen 83
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-3_em-pietas_aug-diadémée_2.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi-fin 270) - PIETAS AVG16 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété diadémée
EG 241
Cunetio 2572
RIC 57
Elmer 741
AGK 18a
de Witte 66
Cohen 90
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-3_em-pietas_aug-diadémée.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi-fin 270) - PIETAS AVG17 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété diadémée
EG 241
Cunetio 2572
RIC 57
Elmer 741
AGK 18a
de Witte 66
Cohen 90
PYL
pietas.JPG
Cologne - 3e Emission - (mi-fin 270) - PIETAS AVG11 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
PIETAS AVG
la Piété diadémée
EG 241
Cunetio 2572
RIC 57
Elmer 741
AGK 18a
de Witte 66
Cohen 90
PYL
comes.JPG
Cologne - 4e Emission - (fin 270 - début 271) - COMES AVG18 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
COMES AVG
EG 248
Cunetio ...
RIC ...
Elmer ...
AGK 2
de Witte 216
Cohen 14
PYL
fortvna_redux.JPG
Cologne - 4e Emission - (fin 270 - début 271) - FORT REDVX15 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
FORT REDVX
La Fortune assise à gauche, portant un gouvernail de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la gauche
EG 246
Cunetio 2576
RIC 47
Elmer 737
AGK 6a
de Witte 23
Cohen 41
PYL
VICTORIN-cologne-4_em-victoria_aug.JPG
Cologne - 4e Emission - (fin 270 - début 271) - VICTORIA AVG18 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
VICTORIA AVG
EG 245
Cunetio 2575
RIC 75
Elmer 744
AGK 22b
de Witte 92
Cohen 125
PYL
victoria.JPG
Cologne - 4e Emission - (fin 270 - début 271) - VICTORIA AVG12 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
VICTORIA AVG
EG 245
Cunetio 2575
RIC 75
Elmer 744
AGK 22b
de Witte 92
Cohen 125
PYL
victoria_2~0.JPG
Cologne - 4e Emission - (fin 270 - début 271) VICTORIA AVG - VICTORIA AVG22 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
VICTORIA AVG
EG ...
Cunetio ...
RIC ...
Elmer ...
hybride - avers de Victorin et revers de Marius
AGK 29x
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
PYL
laetitia_avg_n.JPG
Cologne - 5e Emission - (début - mi 272) - LAETITIA AVG N11 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
LAETITIA AVG N
EG 300
Cunetio 2639
RIC 90
Elmer 786
AGK 5b
de Witte 47
Cohen 75
PYL
providentia_2.JPG
Cologne - 5e Emission - (début et fin 271) - PROVIDENTIA AVG13 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
PROVIDENTIA AVG
EG 252
Cunetio 2577
RIC 61
Elmer 743
AGK 19
de Witte 73
Cohen 101
PYL
pietas_avgg_3.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGG6 viewsC P E TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGG
-le manche du Simpulum est à gauche
-le Praefericulum n'est pas cannelé et il est tourné vers la droite
EG 305
Cunetio 2588
RIC 255
Elmer ...
AGK 4
de Witte 55
Cohen 48
PYL
pietas_avgg_2.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGG13 viewsC P E TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGG
-le manche du Simpulum est à droite
-le Praefericulum n'est pas cannelé et il est tourné vers la gauche
EG 305
Cunetio 2588
RIC 255
Elmer ...
AGK 4
de Witte 55
Cohen 48
PYL
pietas_avgg.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGG7 viewsC P E TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGG
-le manche du Simpulum est à droite
-le Praefericulum n'est pas cannelé et il est tourné vers la droite
EG 305
Cunetio 2588
RIC 255
Elmer ...
AGK 4
de Witte 55
Cohen 48
PYL
pietas_avgvstor_2.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGVSTOR9 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGVSTOR
EG 310
Cunetio 2597
RIC 258
Elmer 778
AGK 5b
de Witte 52
Cohen 59
PYL
pietas_avgvstor_1.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGVSTOR9 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGVSTOR
EG 310
Cunetio 2597
RIC 258
Elmer 778
AGK 5b
de Witte 52
Cohen 59
PYL
Tetricus_II_-_PIETAS_AVGVSTOR.jpg
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 - début 273) - PIETAS AVGVSTOR2 viewsC P E TETRICVS CAES
PIETAS AVGVSTOR
PYL
laetitia_avgg_1.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 ou début 273) - LAETITIA AVGG8 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
LAETITIA AVGG
EG 303
Cunetio 2645
RIC 88
Elmer 787
AGK 6b
de Witte 48
Cohen 71
PYL
laetitia_avgg_2.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 ou début 273) - LAETITIA AVGG6 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
LAETITIA AVGG
EG 303
Cunetio 2645
RIC 88
Elmer 787
AGK 6b
de Witte 48
Cohen 71
PYL
laetitia_retrograde.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 ou début 273) - LAETITIA AVGG8 viewscette monnaie est issue du trésor de Rockbourne, découvert en 1967
cette monnaie n'est pas incuse
la titulature est rétrograde
IMP TETRICVS P F AVG
LAETITIA AVGG
EG ...
Cunetio ...
RIC ...
Elmer ...
AGK ...
Normanby 1517
PYL
tetricus_2.JPG
Cologne - 6e Emission - (mi-fin 272 ou début 273) - LAETITIA AVGG12 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
LAETITIA AVGG
EG 303
Cunetio 2645
RIC 88
Elmer 787
AGK 6b
de Witte 48
Cohen 71
PYL
spes_2.JPG
Cologne - 7e Emission - (fin 272 - début-mi 273) - SPES AVGG6 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
SPES AVGG
EG 313
Cunetio 2647
RIC 270
Elmer 791
AGK 9a
de Witte 73
Cohen 88
PYL
spes_1.JPG
Cologne - 7e Emission - (fin 272 - début-mi 273) - SPES AVGG8 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
SPES AVGG
EG 313
Cunetio 2647
RIC 270
Elmer 791
AGK 9a
de Witte 73
Cohen 88
PYL
hilaritas_longue.JPG
Cologne - 7e émission - (fin 272 ou début-mi 273) - HILARITAS AVGG13 viewsIMP C TETRICVS P F AVG
HILARITAS AVGG
EG 312
Cunetio 2649 (2.ex)
RIC 79
Elmer 790
AGK 4a
de Witte ...
Cohen 55
PYL
hilaritas_courte.JPG
Cologne - 7e émission - (fin 272 ou début-mi 273) - HILARITAS AVGG9 viewsIMP_TETRICVS P F AVG
HILARITAS AVGG
EG 311
Cunetio 2648 (302.ex)
RIC 79
Elmer 789
AGK 4c
de Witte 38
Cohen 57
PYL
nobilitas.JPG
Cologne - 8e Emission - (mi-fin 273 - début 274) - NOBILITAS AVGG12 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
NOBILITAS AVGG
EG 318
Cunetio 2656
RIC 244
Elmer cf 795
AGK 2
de Witte 34
Cohen 29
PYL
salus_2.JPG
Cologne - 8e Emission - (mi-fin 273 - début 274) - SALVS AVGG10 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
buste cuirassé avec un pan du paludamentum sur l'épaule gauche
SALVS AVGG
serpent enroulé autour de l'autel et venant par la gauche
EG 314
Cunetio 2653
RIC 127
Elmer 788
AGK 11b
de Witte ...
Cohen 152
PYL
salus_3.JPG
Cologne - 8e Emission - (mi-fin 273 - début 274) - SALVS AVGG7 viewsIMP TETRICVS P F AVG
buste cuirassé avec un pan du paludamentum sur l'épaule gauche
SALVS AVGG
serpent enroulé autour de l'autel et venant par la droite
EG 314
Cunetio 2653
RIC 127
Elmer 788
AGK 11b
de Witte ...
Cohen 152
PYL
spes_4_bis.JPG
Cologne - 8e Emission - (mi-fin 273 - début 274) - SPES AVGG9 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
SPES AVGG
EG 315
Cunetio 2654
RIC 270
Elmer 796
AGK 9b
de Witte ...
Cohen 88
PYL
spes_3.JPG
Cologne - 8e Emission - (mi-fin 273 - début 274) - SPES AVGG11 viewsC PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
SPES AVGG
EG 316
Cunetio 2655
RIC 270
Elmer 793
AGK 9c
de Witte 75
Cohen 90
PYL
consacratio_2.JPG
Cologne - consécration de Victorin par Tetricus Ier - (fin 271) - CONSACRATIO14 viewsDIVO VICTORINO PIO
tête radiée et buste nu à droite
CONSACRATIO
Aigle debout sur un globe et tenant une couronne
EG 289
Cunetio 2633
RIC 83
Elmer 785
AGK 1a
de Witte 18
Cohen (23)
PYL
consacratio.JPG
Cologne - consécration de Victorin par Tetricus Ier - (fin 271) - CONSACRATIO11 viewsDIVO VICTORINO PIO
tête radiée et buste cuirassé avec un pan du paludamentum sur l'épaule gauche
CONSACRATIO
Aigle debout sur un globe et tenant une couronne
EG 287
Cunetio ...
RIC ...
Elmer ...
AGK 1b
de Witte 17
Cohen (24)
PYL
VICTORIN-consécration-providentia_aug.JPG
Cologne - consécration de Victorin par Tetricus Ier - (fin 271) - PROVIDENTIA AVG24 viewsDIVO VICTORINO PIO
PROVIDENTIA AVG
EG 290
Cunetio 2632
RIC 88
Elmer 743
AGK 2a
de Witte 75
Cohen 103
PYL
salvs_7.JPG
Cologne - consécration de Victorin par Tetricus Ier - (fin 271) - SALVS AVG25 viewsHybride
DIVO VICTORINO PIO
SALVS AVG
EG ...
Cunetio ...
RIC ...
Elmer ...
AGK 6
de Witte ...
Cohen ...
2 commentsPYL
COLOGNE QUARTER STUBER 1765.jpg
COLOGNE - MAXIMILIAN FRIEDRICH138 viewsCOLOGNE - MAXIMILIAN FRIEDRICH (1761-1784) Cu. 1/4-Stuber. Obverse with crowned monogram; reverse with value and date 1765 in floreate cartouche. Reference: KM#161.dpaul7
gallien_jupiter.jpg
Cologne, 61 viewsCOLOGNEicos
gallien_germanica_tetegauche.jpg
Cologne, GERMANICVS MAX V14 viewsicos
Gallien-germanmax.jpg
Cologne, GERMANICVS MAX V15 viewsCOLOGNE
Göbl: 872
icos
gallien21.jpg
Cologne, Germanicvs max V12 viewsicos
valerien2.jpg
Cologne, iovi crescenti37 viewsicos
kh.jpg
Cologne, Restitut galliar51 viewsicos
salonine_venus_victrix.jpg
Cologne, salonina19 viewsicos
salonina,naa.jpg
Cologne, salonina17 viewsicos
poid_lourd_copie.jpg
Cologne, Victoria germanica 6.38 g !!!!63 views2 commentsicos
gallien_germanica.jpg
Cologne, VIRTVS AVG15 viewsGöbl: 882dicos
EB0846_scaled.JPG
EB0846 Postumus / Sol8 viewsPostumus 259-268, AE Antoninianus, Cologne.
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol advancing left, holding whip, right hand raised, P in left field.
References: RIC 316; Sear 10964.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.529g.
EB
EB0847_scaled.JPG
EB0847 Postumus / Victory9 viewsPostumus 259-268, Antoninianus, Cologne mint?
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P P AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: COS [IIII?], Victory standing right, with wreath & palm.
References: Cf. RIC 287, Cohen 31.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.197g.
EB
EB0850_scaled.JPG
EB0850 Victorinus / Pietas9 viewsVictorinus 268-270, AE Antoninianus, Cologne mint.
Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left sacrificing over altar.
References: RIC 57; Cohen 90; Sear 11176.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 3.07g.
EB
EB0851_scaled.JPG
EB0851 Tetricus II / PRINC IVVENT10 viewsTetricus II as Caesar, AE Antoninianus, Cologne 269-270 AD.
Obverse: [C PIV ESV] TETRICVS C[AES], radiate, draped bust right
Reverse: [PRINC IVV]ENT, Tetricus II standing left holding branch and vertical sceptre.
References: RIC 260; Cohen 62; Sear 11289.
Diameter: 18mm, Weight: 1.789g.
EB
Hadrian_8.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 131/132, Hadrian, Nilus 11 viewsHadrian (AD 117-138).
AE drachm
Struck year 16 = 131/2 AD.
Obv.: AVT KAI TPAI AΔPIA CEB, laureate, draped bust of Hadrian right
Rev.: Nilus seated left on rocks, holding reed and cornucopia, crocodile below, LIϚ (year 16) in left field.
AE, 26.43g, 34mm
Ref.: Cologne 1056. Dattari-Savio pl. 87, 1794. Emmett 1016/16, KG 32.517

shanxi
Lucius_Verus_03.jpg
Egypt, Alexandria, AD 164/165, Lucius Verus, Armenia31 viewsLucius Verus
Alexandria
Billon-Tetradrachm
Obv.: Λ AYPHΛIOC OYHPOC CEB, laureate head right
Rev.: APMENIA, Trophy of arms, at base of which Armenian captive seated right, head left, wearing pointed cap, hands tied behind back, L - E = year 5 (164/165).
Billon, 13.88g, 21,8mm
Ref.: Dattari-Savio pl. 197, 3692 var. Cologne 2163 var. Oxford 2519 var.
[var: APMENIA left and right, not in circular legend]
2 commentsshanxi
Victorinus_XF.JPG
Emperor Victorinus Antoninianus A.D.268 - 270.71 viewsAn attractive bronze coin measuring 20mm in diameter and in a collectable condition. Although the coins of this era were of poor quality, the details on this piece are clear and legible. These coins of the period were struck in Gaul and were of rough and ready quality. However, the portrait of Victorinus is nicely detailed.
Obverse - Portrait of the emperor within legend, "IMP C VICTORINUS P F AVG".
Reverse - Providentia standing and legend "Providetia AVG".
It is interesting to note that in A.D. 270 Victorinus was murdered by one of his own military officers iin Cologne.

RIC 61 Victorinus Antoninianus. Southern Mint. 268-270 AD. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence standing left, holding cornucopiae, globe at feet. RIC V-2 Southern mint 61, Cunetio hoard 2577, Elmer 743; Sear 11178.
4 commentsAntonivs Protti
Tetricus I FIDES MILITVM RIC 71.jpg
FIDES MILITVM RIC V/2 7179 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.15g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing L between two standards.

Cologne, issue 3.

RIC 71, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
aaposthumus.jpg
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - POSTUMUS88 viewsPOSTUMUS - 260-269 AD. Bronze antoninianus, RIC 77, VM 35, C 213, S 3118, VF, Cologne, 2.962g, 19.6mm, 0o, obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ORIENS AVG, Sol advancing left, right extended, holding whip, P leftdpaul7
VICTORINUS.jpg
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS52 viewsObv: Emperor - Rev.: Pax. Cologne mint. 268-270 A.D. Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. Rev.: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding nolive branch and scepter.dpaul7
victorinus_pax_avg.jpg
GALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS48 viewsGALLIC EMPIRE/ROME - VICTORINUS (268-270 AD) Antoninianus. Obv.: Radiate bust right; IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS PF AVG Rev.: Pax standing left holding olive branch & sceptre; V in left field; star in right field. Cologne Mint. Reference: RIC V-2 Cologne 117.1 commentsdpaul7
Gallien_-_Fides_Militvm.JPG
Gallien - FIDES MILITVM3 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
FIDES MILITVM
L'aigle légionnaire sur un globe tenant une couronne dans son bec, il est entre deux vexillum.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 212
Göbl 871f
Eauze 1472
Elmer 32
PYL
Gallien_-_fides_militum__2.JPG
Gallien - FIDES MILITVM15 viewsIMP GALLIENVS PIVS AVG
FIDES MILITVM
L'aigle légionnaire sur un globe tenant une couronne dans son bec, il est entre deux vexillum.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase a - septembre 256
Bourdel 197
Göbl 871b
Eauze 1461
Elmer 18
PYL
Gallien_-_fides_militum.JPG
Gallien - FIDES MILITVM11 viewsGALLIENVS AVG GERM V
FIDES MILITVM
L'aigle légionnaire tenant en son bec une couronne, il est posé sur un globe entre deux vexillum
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 276a
Göbl 871q
Eauze 1483
Elmer 46
PYL
Gallien_-Fides_Militvm.JPG
Gallien - FIDES MILITVM11 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
FIDES MILITVM
L'aigle légionnaire sur un globe tenant une couronne dans son bec, il est entre deux vexillum.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 212
Göbl 871f
Eauze 1472
Elmer 32
PYL
Gallien_-_fides_militum~0.jpg
Gallien - FIDES MILITVM12 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
FIDES MILITVM
L'aigle légionnaire sur un globe tenant une couronne dans son bec, il est entre deux vexillum.
Cologne - 2e émission - printemps 257
Bourdel 276b
Göbl 871m
Eauze 1478
Elmer 39
PYL
Gallien_-_Germanicus_max_v.JPG
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V12 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
GERMANICVS MAX V
Un trophée avec deux captifs attachés dans l'attitude de la tristesse
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 287a
Göbl 872l
Eauze 1490
Elmer 55
PYL
gallie13.jpg
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V10 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
GERMANICVS MAX V
deux captifs aux pieds d'un trophée.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 204
Göbl 872d
Eauze 1467
Elmer 26
PYL
gallien_3.JPG
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V13 viewsGALLIENVS·P·F·AVG
GERMANICVS MAX V
deux captifs aux pieds d'un trophée.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 277b
Göbl 872m
Eauze 1479
Elmer 40
PYL
gallien_4.JPG
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V9 viewsGALLIENVS AVG GERM V
GERMANICVS MAX V
deux captifs aux pieds d'un trophée
Cologne - 2e Émission - printemps 257
Bourdel 277a
Göbl 872q
Eauze 1484
Elmer 47
PYL
Gallien_-_Germanicus_max_v_2.JPG
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V11 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
GERMANICVS MAX V
Un trophée avec deux captifs attachés dans l'attitude de la tristesse
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 287a
Göbl 872l
Eauze 1490
Elmer 55
PYL
Gallien_-_vict_germanica_2~0.jpg
Gallien - GERMANICVS MAX V21 viewsGALLIENVS·P·F·AVG
GERMANICVS MAX V
deux captifs aux pieds d'un trophée
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 277b
Göbl 872m
Eauze 1479
Elmer 40
1 commentsPYL
gallien_-_iovi_victori_3.JPG
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI14 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 288
Göbl 870l
Eauze 1488
Elmer 52
PYL
gallien_2.JPG
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI16 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 213
Göbl 870f
Eauze 1471
Elmer 31
PYL
Gallien-iovi_victori.JPG
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI10 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 205
Göbl 870d
Eauze 1466
Elmer 24
PYL
Gallien_-_buste_-_IOVI_VICTORI.JPG
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI17 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 279
Göbl 870m
Eauze 1477
Elmer 38
1 commentsPYL
gallien_-_iovi_victori_-_P.JPG
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI26 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 205
Göbl 870d
Eauze 1466
Elmer 24
1 commentsPYL
Gallien_-_iovi_victori.jpg
Gallien - IOVI VICTORI8 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter nu debout à gauche sur un cippe, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; sur le cippe est inscrit en deux lignes : IMP/ C E S ("Imperator Cum Exercito Suo”, L'empereur avec son armée)
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 205
Göbl 870d
Eauze 1466
Elmer 24
PYL
gallien_-_restit_galliar.JPG
Gallien - RESTIT . GALLIAR26 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
RESTIT . GALLIAR
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 291b
Göbl 879l
Eauze 1482
Elmer 44d var
1 commentsPYL
gallien_-_restit_galliar~0.JPG
Gallien - RESTIT GALLIAR14 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
RESTIT GALLIAR
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 208b
Göbl 879d
Eauze ...
Elmer 30d
PYL
Gallien_-_RESTIT_GALLIAR~1.JPG
Gallien - RESTIT GALLIAR10 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
RESTIT GALLIAR
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 216c
Göbl 879f
Eauze 1470
Elmer 37d
PYL
Gallien_-_buste_-_RESTIT_GALLIAR.JPG
Gallien - RESTIT GALLIAR10 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
RESTIT GALLIAR
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 280b
Göbl 879m
Eauze 1482
Elmer 44d
PYL
Gallien_-_Restitvor_Galliar.JPG
Gallien - RESTITVTOR GALLIAR7 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 216a
Göbl 877g
Eauze 1475
Elmer 37b
PYL
Gallien_-_Restitutor_Galliar.JPG
Gallien - RESTITVTOR GALLIAR17 viewsIMP GALLIENVS PIVS AVG
RESTITVTOR GALLIAR
Gallien debout vêtu militairement, tenant une lance et relevant la Gaule qui est à genou et qui tient une corne d'abondance.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase a - septembre 256
Bourdel 200
Göbl 877
Eauze 1464
Elmer 23b
PYL
Gallien_-_Vict_Germanica~0.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA a12 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la droite
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 211
Göbl 875d
Eauze 1468
Elmer 27
PYL
gallie11.jpg
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA a13 viewsGALLIENVS P F AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la droite
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 283
Göbl 875m
Eauze 1480
Elmer 41
PYL
Gallien_-_VICT_GERMANICA~1.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA a14 viewsIMP GALLIENVS AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la droite
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 219
Göbl 875f
Eauze ...
Elmer 34
PYL
gallien_-_vict_germanica~2.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA a15 viewsGALLIENVS P F AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la droite
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 294
Göbl 875l
Eauze 1491
Elmer 56
PYL
Gallien_-_vict_germanica_1.jpg
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA a6 viewsGALLIENVS P F AVG
VICT GERMANICA
Victoire marchant vers la droite
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 294
Göbl 875l
Eauze 1491
Elmer 56
PYL
gallien_-_vict_germanica_droite_sur_un_globe.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA c12 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
VICT GERMANICA
La Victoire allant vers la à droite sur un globe, tenant une couronne et un trophée. De chaque côté du globe, deux captifs dans l'attitude de la tristesse.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 293b
Göbl 874lh
Eauze 1492
Elmer 57
PYL
gallien_-_buste_-_vict_germanica_droite_sur_un_globe.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA c24 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
VICT GERMANICA
La Victoire allant vers la à droite sur un globe, tenant une couronne et un trophée. De chaque côté du globe, deux captifs dans l'attitude de la tristesse.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 282c
Göbl 874m
Eauze 1486
Elmer 49
1 commentsPYL
Gallien_-_vict_germanicu.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA c14 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
VICT GERMANICA
La Victoire allant vers la à droite sur un globe, tenant une couronne et un trophée. De chaque côté du globe, deux captifs dans l'attitude de la tristesse.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 293b
Göbl 874lh
Eauze 1492
Elmer 57
PYL
Gallien_-_Vict_Germanica_2.JPG
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA c9 viewsIMP GALLIENVS P AVG
VICT GERMANICA
La Victoire allant vers la à droite sur un globe, tenant une couronne et un trophée. De chaque côté du globe, deux captifs dans l'attitude de la tristesse
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 210
Göbl 874d
Eauze ...
Elmer 28
PYL
Gallien_-_Vict_Germanica_-_mains_derrières.jpg
Gallien - VICT GERMANICA c7 viewsGALLIENVS . P . F . AVG
VICT GERMANICA
La Victoire allant vers la à droite sur un globe, tenant une couronne et un trophée. De chaque côté du globe, deux captifs dans l'attitude de la tristesse.
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Variante mains dans le dos
PYL
Gallien_-_Vict_Germanica_3.JPG
Gallien - VICTORIA GERMANICA15 viewsGALLIENVS AVG GERM V
VICTORIA GERMANICA
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 282a
Göbl 873q
Eauze 1487
Elmer 50
PYL
gallie16.jpg
Gallien - VIRTVS AVGG16 viewsGALLIENVS·P·F·AVG
VIRTVS AVGG
Gallien tenant haste et enseigne
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 295
Göbl 882l
Eauze 1489
Elmer 54
PYL
Gallien_-_virtvs_avg.jpg
Gallien - VIRTVS AVGG18 viewsGALLIENVS·P·F·AVG
VIRTVS AVGG
Gallien tenant haste et enseigne
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 295
Göbl 882l
Eauze 1489
Elmer 54
1 commentsPYL
galimar.jpg
Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.)57 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
R: DEO MARTI, Mars in temple.
Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 258-259 A.D.
21mm
3.45g
RIC 10

Reverse Die Clash
2 commentsMat
RIC_Gallienus_RIC_V_18.JPG
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus) (253-268 A.D.)14 viewsSRCV 10224, RIC V J-18, Göbl 872d, Cohen 308, Van Meter 316

AR Antoninianus, 19-21 mm., 180°

Cologne mint (per Göbl), struck during joint reign with Valerian (253-260 A.D.) in 259 A.D.

Obv: GALLIENVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.

Rev: GERMANICVS MAX V, Trophy between two German captives.

Commemorates Gallienus’s victory over the Alemanni at the Battle of Mediolanum (Milan) in 259 A.D. (per Van Meter), which is inconsistent with the slightly earlier dating per RIC (258-259 A.D.) and Göbl (apparently 257-258 A.D.).

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB2
Stkp
Gallienus.jpg
Gallienus AR antoninianus, 257 AD35 viewsGallienus
AR antoninianus – 22mm, 3.08g
Lugdunum (RIC) or Cologne (Zschucke), 257 AD
radiate, cuirassed bust r.
IMP GALLIENVS P AVG
Statue of Jupiter standing facing, head left, vertical spear (scepter?) in left hand, Victory in right, surmounting cippus inscribed IMP / C E S
IOVI VICTORI
RIC Va 21, Zschucke 18
ex Beast

Note: IMP CES stands for Imperator Cum Exercitvs Svo. Coin is of good silver.
1 commentsArdatirion
Gallienus Vict Germainica.JPG
Gallienus Vict Germanica25 viewsBillion Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 258-259AD
Obverse- GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VICT G-ERMANICA, Victory standing right on globe holding Trophy and wreath. Two captives seated below.
RIC 49; RSC 1062
21mm , 3.7 gm.
Jerome Holderman
0440-220np_noir.jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus59 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Gallienus, seen from front
VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus, standing right, holding spear and standard
3,93 gr
Ref : RCV #10413, Cohen #1309, Göbl # 8821
Potator II
M2y2G8HoBtw4en5Lm9Ap3EXcBrP7TF.jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus, AD 258-259 (Joint reign)23 viewsGallienus, Antoninianus, Minted AD 258-259 (Joint reign)
Obverse..GALLIENVS dot P dot F dot AVG Radiate, curaissed bust right
Reverse..GERMANICVS MAX V trophy between two seated and bound German captives
RIC VI#18 variant obv legend dots..Cologne
1 commentsPaul R3
4265_(1)_4266_(1).jpg
Gallienus, Antoninianus, VIRTVS AVGG9 viewsAR Antoninianus
Gallienus
Augustus: 253 - 268AD
Issued: 258 - 259AD
24.0 x 21.5mm
O: GALLIENVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: VIRTVS AVGG; Gallienus in military dress, standing right, holding transverse spear and vertical standard.
Lyons Mint
RIC 58[j](Joint reign.); Goebl Cologne 8821; Sear 10413.
Aorta: B57, O15, R408, T137, M3.
Holding History
1/20/15 4/30/17
Nicholas Z
gallienus_Lyons_21.jpg
Gallienus, Göbl 870d var. (Cologne)29 viewsGallienus, AD 253-268
AR - Antoninianus, 3.57g, 22.63mm, 195°
Cologne, AD 257, joined reign
obv. IMP GALLIENVS P AVG
Bust, cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. IOVI VI - CTORI
Jupiter, nude, stg. l. with spear in l. hand and small Victory in extended r. hand on cippus inscribed with
IMP / CES
ref. Göbl 870d var. (Cologne); Zschucke 18; RIC V/1, 21 (Lyons, AD 281); C.398
Scarce, about VF, some parts weakly struck

IMP / CES = Imperator cum exercitu suo. Is evidence that Gallienus was already at this time virtually the autonomous commander of his army.
Jochen
GALLIEN-1-ROMAN.jpg
Gallienus, RIC V(1)-018.F Cologne51 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Cologne mint, 257-258 A.D.
23mm, 3.41g
RIC V(1)-18, RSCv.4-308,
RCVv.3-10224

Obverse:
GALLIENVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
GERMANICVS MAX V
Trophy between two captives.
1 commentsrubadub
Gallienus- RIC 49.JPG
Gallienus- RIC 4945 viewsAR Antoninianus, Cologne, 258-259 AD
Obverse: GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: VICT GERMANICA, Victory standing right on globe. captive seated to each side.
2.9gm, 22mm
3 commentsJerome Holderman
Cologne-Pfennig_Adolf-von-Altena-(1193-1205AD)_mint-Koln-Archbishoporic_ADOLPES-ARCHEPC_SANCTA-COLONIA_Havernick-588_Q-001_0h_19-20mm_1,42g-s.jpg
German, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 86 viewsGerman, Cologne, Adolf von Altena, (1193-1205 A.D.), Havernick 588, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +ADOLPES ARC HEPC, Mitred Archbishop entrhoned, facing slightly left, with book and crozier. (Ball over the book ???)
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Broad church building with 6 arcades and gate; on it a tower with cupola between 2 cross-topped flags.
diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 1,42g, axis:0h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 588,,
Q-001
quadrans
Cologne-Pfennig_Heinrich-I-Molenark-(1225-1238AD)_mint-Koln-Archbishoporic_HEINRIC___SANCTA-COLONIA_Havernick-647_Q-001_11h_17,5mm_1,44g-s.jpg
German, Cologne, Heinrich I. Molenark, (1225-1238 A.D.), Havernick 647, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA, 84 viewsGerman, Cologne, Heinrich I. Molenark, (1225-1238 A.D.), Havernick 647, Köln under Archbishopric of Köln, AR-Pfennig, +SANCTA COLONIA,
avers: +HENRIC...., Archbishop entrhoned, wearing mitre, holding crozier and book.
revers: +SANCTA COLONIA, Nimbate bust of saint (Peter?) facing, holding 2 cross-topped flags. Over him a tower with 2 pointed gables.
diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 1,44g, axis:11h,
mint:Köln, mint mark: no, date: A.D., ref: Havernick 647,
Q-001
quadrans
Gallienus GERMANICVS MAX V RIC 18.jpg
GERMANICVS MAX V RIC V/1 1869 viewsAnt, 22mm, 3.27g.

Obverse: GALLIENVS PF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust L., with spear & shield.

Reverse: GERMANICVS MAX V, trophy with two captives.

Cologne RIC V/1 18, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
20171113_183229.jpg
Hadrian, Alexandria. Tetradrachm 130-31 AD 32 viewsObverse: Laurete draped cuirassed right . 
AYT KAI TPAI AΔΡΙΑ CEB
Reverse: Hadrian standing left holding scepter receiving ears of corn from Alexandria who stands right, facing him, holding vexillum. Regnal year L IE ( 15th) in field
References: Dattari 1267; BMCG 669; Cologne 1026; Milne 1294.
Weight: 9.1 gr
Diameter: 23 mm
1 commentsCanaan
Gallienus-Antoninian-COLOGNE-IMPCES-GOEBL870d.jpg
II - GALLIENUS -c- Antoninian - COLOGNE - GOEBL 0870d10 viewsAv) GALLIENVS P AVG
Radiated and cuirassed bust right

Rv) IOVI VICTORI
Statue of iupiter standing on cippus, holding spear and victoriola, on cippus marked with: IMP CES =(IMPerator Cum ExercitoSuo)

Weight: 3,6g; Ø: 22mm; Reference: GOEBL: 870d; RIC V/I/23

sulcipius
Gallienus-Antoninian-COLOGNE-Trophaion-GÖBL872m.jpg
II - GALLIENUS -c- Antoninian - COLOGNE - GOEBL 0872m8 viewsAv) GALLIENVS PF AVG
Radiated and cuirassed bust left with spear and shield

R) GERMANICVS MAX V
Trophaion standing between two sitting captivities

Weight: 3,7g; Ø: 22mm; References: GORBL 872m; RIC V/I/18
sulcipius
Gallienus-Antoninian-COLOGNE-KaiserFeind-GOEBL_890h.jpg
II - GALLIENUS -c- Antoninian - COLOGNE - GOEBL 0890h13 viewsAv) GALLIENVS P F AVG
Radiated and cuirassed bust right

Rv) VIRT GALLIENI AVG
Kaiser standing right, holding shield and javelin, putting foot on a captive

Weightt: 3,00 g; Ø: 20-22 mm; Reference: GOEBL 890h
Note: dark toned
sulcipius
055.jpg
Marius Antoninianus48 viewsRIC Vb 19, Cologne; C22
3.35 g, 19 mm
IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, holding shield & spear
Full, thin layer of silvering
Rare
Mark Z2
marius com.JPG
Marius RIC V-2 Cologne 785 viewsAE 20 mm 3.9 grams 269AD
OBV :: IMP C MARIVS PF AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV :: CONCORDIA MILITVM. Two clasped hands
EX :: blank
minted in Cologne
RIC V-2 Cologne 7 ( page 377 )
RIC rated Scarce
purchased 06/2008
Johnny
marius_17.jpg
Marius, RIC V, 1732 viewsMarius, AD 269, Gallic Empire
AE - Antoninianus, 2.51g, 19mm
Cologne, 2nd emission, middle of 269
obv. IMP CM AVR MARIVS AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. VICTO - RI A AVG
Victory advancing l., holding palmbranch in l. arm and wreath in raised r. hand
RIC V/2, 17; C.21; Zschucke 248 (1st emission, AD 268!); Schulzki 7a (r1); Elmer 637; Cunetio 2508 (8 ex.); Mairat 239-40
Scarce, VF
Pedigree:
ex CNG
Jochen
CLAUDIUS-1.jpg
Messalina (Valeria), third wife of Claudius. Augusta, 41-48 CE.543 viewsAlexandria, Egypt.
Billon Tetradrachm (24 mm, 10.32 g).
Year 6=AD 45/46.
Obv: TI KLAUDI KAIS SEBA GERMANI AUTOKR, Laureate head of Claudius, right, Ls (=year 6) before.
Rev: MESSALINA KAIS SEBAS, Messalina standing, left, veiled and wearing long chiton and peplos, resting l. elbow on column, holding in the r. hand two figures (their children, Octavia and Britannicus), on her l. arm are two stalks of corn; in lower l. field, a lituus. Sear 1869; SGI 495; RPC 5164; BMCG 75; Cologne 88; Milne 106.
1 commentsEmpressCollector
[901a]_NervaAntiochAE26.jpg
Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D., Antioch, Syria195 viewsBronze AE 26, BMC Syria, p. 182, 261, aVF, Antioch mint, weight 13.524g, maximum diameter 25.0mm, die axis 0o, Jan - Sep 97 A.D.; Obverse: IMP CAESAR NERVA AVG III COS, laureate head right; Reverse: large S C in wreath, D below; unbelievable portrait. Ex FORVM. Photo courtesy FORVM.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families
Nerva (96-98 A.D.)

David Wend

Introduction
Although short, the reign of Marcus Cocceius Nerva (A.D. 96-98) is pivotal. The first of Edward Gibbon's so-called "Five Good Emperors," Nerva is credited with beginning the practice of adopting his heir rather than selecting a blood relative. Claimed as an ancestor by all the emperors down to Severus Alexander, he has traditionally been regarded with much good will at the expense of his predecessor, Domitian.

Ancestry
Nerva could claim eminent ancestry on both sides of his family. On the paternal side, his great-grandfather, M. Cocceius Nerva, was consul in 36 B.C.; his grandfather, a distinguished jurist of the same name, accompanied Tiberius on his retirement to Capri in 26 A.D. On his mother's side an aunt, Rubellia Bassa, was the great-granddaughter of Tiberius. In addition, a great-uncle, L. Cocceius Nerva, played a part in the negotiations that secured a treaty between Octavian and Antony in 40 B.C

Early Career and Life under Domitian
Nerva was born on 8 November, 30 A.D. Little is known of his upbringing beyond the fact that he belonged to a senatorial family and pursued neither a military nor a public speaking career. On the other hand, he did hold various priesthoods and was a praetor-designate. More importantly, as praetor designate in 65, Nerva was instrumental in revealing the conspiracy of Piso against the emperor Nero.

As a result, he received triumphal ornaments and his statue was placed in the palace. Following Nero's fall in 68, Nerva must have realized that support of Vespasian and the Flavian cause was in his best interests. In 71 his loyalty was rewarded with a joint consulship with the emperor, the only time that Vespasian ever held the office without his son Titus. It was under the reign of Vespasian's other son, Domitian, that Nerva's political fortunes were ultimately determined, however. He shared the ordinary consulship with Domitian in 90, an honor that was perhaps the result of his alerting the emperor about the revolt of Antonius Saturninus, the governor of Upper Germany, in 89. Even so, like so many others of the senatorial class, Nerva came under scrutiny in the final years of Domitian's reign, when the emperor was unwilling to tolerate any criticism.

Whether or not Nerva was forced to withdraw from public life during Domitian's final years remains an open question. What is not in dispute is that he was named emperor on the same day that Domitian was assassinated in September, 96. Indeed, in some respects the accession was improbable, since it placed the Empire under the control of a feeble sexagenarian and long-time Flavian supporter with close ties to the unpopular Domitian. On the other hand, Nerva had proven to be a capable senator, one with political connections and an ability to negotiate. Moreover, he had no children, thereby ensuring that the state would not become his hereditary possession.

Imperial Initiatives
Upon taking office, Nerva made immediate changes. He ordered the palace of Domitian to be renamed the House of the People, while he himself resided at the Horti Sallustiani, the favorite residence of Vespasian. More significantly, he took an oath before the senate that he would refrain from executing its members. He also released those who had been imprisoned by Domitian and recalled exiles not found guilty of serious crimes. Nevertheless, Nerva still allowed the prosecution of informers by the senate, a measure that led to chaos, as everyone acted in his own interests while trying to settle scores with personal enemies.

In the area of economic administration Nerva, like Domitian, was keen on maintaining a balanced budget. In early 97, after appointing a commission of five consular senators to give advice on reducing expenditures, he proceeded to abolish many sacrifices, races, and games. Similarly, he allowed no gold or silver statues to be made of himself. Even so, there was some room for municipal expenditure. For the urban poor of Italy he granted allotments of land worth 60 million sesterces, and he exempted parents and their children from a 5% inheritance tax. He also made loans to Italian landowners on the condition that they pay interest of 5% to their municipality to support the children of needy families. These alimentary schemes were later extended by Trajan, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.

Because he reigned only briefly, Nerva's public works were few. By early 98 he dedicated the forum that Domitian had built to connect the Forum of Augustus with the Forum of Peace. It became known as the Forum of Nerva, or the Forum Transitorium. Nerva also built granaries, made repairs to the Colosseum when the Tiber flooded, and continued the program of road building and repairs inaugurated under the Flavians. In addition, pantomime performances, supressed by Domitian, were restored.

In the military realm, Nerva established veterans' colonies in Africa, a practice that was continued by the emperor Trajan. Normal military privileges were continued and some auxiliary units assumed the epithet Nervia or Nerviana. We are not well informed beyond these details, and any military action that may have occurred while Nerva was emperor is known sketchy at best.

Nature of Nerva's Government
Nerva's major appointments favored men whom he knew and trusted, and who had long served and been rewarded by the Flavians. Typical was Sextus Julius Frontinus. A consul under Vespasian and governor of Britain twenty years earlier, Frontinus came out of retirement to become curator of the water supply, an office that had long been subject to abuse and mismanagement. He helped to put an end to the abuses and published a significant work on Rome's water supply, De aquis urbis Romae. As a reward for his service, Frontinus was named consul for the second time in 98. Similarly, the emperor's own amici were often senators with Flavian ties, men who, by virtue of their links to the previous regime, were valuable to Nerva for what they knew. Thus do we find the likes of A. Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiiento, one of Domitian's ill-reputed counselors, seated next to Nerva at an imperial dinner. Nerva was less willing to consult the Senate as a whole. In many cases he preferred the opinions of his own consilium, and was less submissive than many senators would have liked. This attitude may have been responsible for hostile discontent among several senators.

Mutiny of the Praetorians and the Adoption of Trajan
It was not long before the assassination of Domitian came to work against the new emperor. Dissatisfied that Domitian had not been deified after his death, the praetorian guards mutinied under Casperius Aelianus in October 97. Taking the emperor as hostage, they demanded that Nerva hand over Domitian's murderers. The emperor not only relented, but was forced to give a public speech of thanks to the mutineers for their actions. His authority compomised, Nerva used the occasion of a victory in Pannonia over the Germans in late October, 97 to announce the adoption of Marcus Ulpius Traianus, governor of Upper Germany, as his successor. The new Caesar was immediately acclaimed imperator and granted the tribunicia potestas. Nerva's public announcement of the adoption settled succession as fact; he allowed no time to oppose his decision. From the German victory, Nerva assumed the epithet Germanicus and conferred the title on Trajan as well. He also made Trajan his consular colleague in 98.

Death and Deification
On January 1, 98, the start of his fourth consulship, Nerva suffered a stroke during a private audience. Three weeks later he died at his villa in the Gardens of Sallust. From his headquarters at Cologne, Trajan insisted that Nerva's ashes be placed in the mausoleum of Augustus and asked the senate to vote on his deification. We are further told that he dedicated a temple to Nerva, yet no trace of it has ever been found. Nor was a commemorative series of coins issued for the Deified Nerva in the wake of his death, but only ten years later.

Conclusion
Nerva's reign was more concerned with the continuation of an existing political system than with the birth of a new age. Indeed, his economic policies, his relationship with the senate, and the men whom he chose to govern and to offer him advice all show signs of Flavian influence. In many respects, Nerva was the right man at the right time. His immediate accession following Domitian's murder prevented anarchy and civil war, while his age, poor health and moderate views were perfect attributes for a government that offered a bridge between Domitian's stormy reign and the emperorships of the stable rulers to follow.

Copyright (C) 1998, David Wend.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
othotet.jpg
Otho (69 A.D.)99 viewsEgypt, Alexandria
Billon Tetradrachm
O: AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate head right, LA (year 1) lower right.
R: EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, wreath in extended right hand, scepter in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, simpulum (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left field.
12.58g
24.4mm
Milne 359; RPC I 5354 (5 spec.); Dattari 327; BMC Alexandria p. 25, 208; Curtis 238; Kampmann 18.6; Emmett 184

Ex. Jyrki Muona Collection

This variety with a simpulum on the reverse is much rarer than the same type without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the simpulum and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in Cologne, Paris, and Milan, and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).


Published on Wildwinds!
6 commentsMat
P MTR P COS II PP - 16.jpg
P M TR P COS II P P159 viewsPostumus Æ Double Sestertius. , 260 AD. IMP M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / P M TR P COS II P P, Virtus standing facing, head left, holding globe & reversed spear. C. 248 - R.I.C. 106 Mint Cologne 1 commentspostumus
Tetricus_I_PAX.jpg
PAX AVG, RIC 100 Cologne6 viewsTetricus I, Bronze antoninianus, RIC 100, S 11243, aVF, Cologne mint, 2.702g, 15.9mm, 180o, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG, Pax standing left, extending branch in right, long vertical scepter in left; typical tight flan, mildly flat centers, weak reverse strike. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVM
Podiceps
coin95.JPG
Postumus7 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
PAX AVG
RIC V-II Cologne 318
ecoli
100_6155.JPG
Postumus76 viewsBetter photo

Postumus Antoninianus. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right / VBERTAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse & caduceus. RIC V-II Cologne 330


Treveri (Trier) mint. 4th emission, 2nd phase, group 2. Struck AD 267. RIC V 330; Mairat 136.
6 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_1937_(1).JPG
Postumus36 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus. Cologne Mint ? 262-268 AD. Obv.IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate draped cuirassed bust r. Rev. MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
RIC 75.
4 commentsRandygeki(h2)
00351.jpg
Postumus (RIC 325, Coin #351)11 viewsRIC 325 (C), AR Antoninianus, Cologne, 265 - 268 AD.
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SAECVLI FELICITAS Postumus standing right holding globe and spear.
Size: 21.7mm 3.08gm
MaynardGee
Postumus 1.jpg
Postumus - antoninianus11 viewsIMP. C. POSTVMVS P.F. AVG.
COS. IIII , Victory standing right holding wreath and palm.

Minted in Cologne.
RIC 287
Ginolerhino
MERCVRIOFELICI.jpg
Postumus - Mercurio119 viewsObv; IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG Radiate Draped Cuir Right. Rev; MERCVRIO FELICI; Mercury, half-naked stg. facing, lookin rigth, holding purse and caduceus. MINT of COLOGNE1 commentspostumus
6-post.jpg
Postumus - RIC 30925 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus.
Cologne mint.
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bist right
IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing facing, head right, with sceptre & thunderbolt.
RSC 159; Sear5 10954.
xokleng
2-post.jpg
Postumus - RIC 6421 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus.
Cologne mint.
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
HERC DEVSONIENSI, Hercules standing right leaning on club.
Cohen 91, Sear5 10944.
xokleng
Postumus_Antoninian_Köln_Kaiser_Globus_Lanze_Colonia_Agrippina.jpg
Postumus Antoninian Köln Kaiser Globus Lanze Colonia Agrippina 21 viewsRömisches Kaiserreich

Postumus, 259-268 AD

Münzstätte: Colonia Agrippina (Köln) 261

Antoninian

Vs: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Büste mit Strahlenkrone, Drapierung und Kürass nach rechts.

Rs: PM TR P COS II PP, Kaiser nach links mit Globus und Lanze.

Erhaltung: sehr schön

3,197 g. 22 mm.

RIC 54 (Lyon); Elmer, 129 (Cologne). _1279
Antonivs Protti
AADYb_small.png
Postumus Antoninianus10 viewsPostumus, emperor of the Gallic Empire, 260-269 AD.

Cologne. 260-269 AD.

21 mm., 2.80g.

IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG. Bust of Postumus, radiate, draped, right, or bust of Postumus, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right.

IOVI STATORI. Jupiter, standing right, holding sceptre in right hand and thunderbolt in left hand.

References: RIC V Postumus 309

AADY
RL
Clipboard~50.jpg
Postumus Antoninianus - Felicitas standing left13 viewsPostumus Antoninianus, struck 263-265 AD at Cologne mint.
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FELICITAS AVG, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
RIC 58; Elmer 335,
Weight - 2,7g
Diameter - 20mm
lorry66
Postumus_-_IOVI_VICTORI.png
Postumus Antoninianus - IOVI VICTORI1 viewsPostumus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped bust right

Reverse:
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter advancing l., looking back, holding thunderbolt and transverse sceptre over shoulder

Cologne (265 - 268AD)

RIC 311
RSC 161
Hunter p, xci
Sear 10,955
Harry G
Postumus_-_ORIENS_AVG.png
Postumus Antoninianus - ORIENS AVG1 viewsPostumus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped bust right

Reverse:
ORIENS AVG
Sol advancing l., right hand raised, holding whip in left hand. 'P' in left field

Cologne (265 - 268AD)

RIC 316
RSC 213
Hunter 96
Sear 10,964
Harry G
Postumus_-_PAX_AVG.png
Postumus Antoninianus - PAX AVG1 viewsPostumus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped bust right

Reverse:
PAX AVG
Pax stg. l., holding olive-branch and sceptre.

Cologne (265 - 268 AD)

RIC 318
RSC 215a - c
Hunter 70, 97
Sear 10,967
Harry G
Postumus_-_SERAPI_COMITI_AVG.png
Postumus Antoninianus - SERAPI COMITI AVG2 viewsPostumus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
SERAPI COMITI AVG
Serapis stg. l., raising right hand, and holding transverse sceptre over shoulder

Cologne (265 - 268AD)

RIC 329
RSC 358-260a
Hunter 91-2
Sear 10,992
Harry G
Postumus4.jpg
POSTUMUS Antoninianus RIC 75, Moneta14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left holding scales and cornucopiae

3.7g. 21mm

Struck at Cologne, 262-5 AD
Legatus
FullSizeRender~0.jpg
Postumus Antoninianus Victoria 22 viewsAR Antoninianus
Postumus, 260 - 268 CE
Diameter: 24 mm, Weight: 3.71 grams, Die axis: 11h

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS . P . F . AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG
Victory advancing left, holding wreath in outstretched right hand, palm frond resting over left shoulder. Captive seated to left at Victory's feet.

Mint: Probably Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne)

Notes:
- A fine and unusual portrait struck early in Postumus' usurpation, mid to late 260 CE as part of Postumus' 2nd coinage issue.
-Silver content was still decent during this period, at around 20%.

Ex Poinsignon Numismatique, 2018
Pharsalos
Postumus1_opt.jpg
POSTUMUS Antoninianus, RIC 318, Pax22 viewsOBV: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: PAX AVG, Pax standing left with branch & sceptre
2.3g, 21mm

Minted at Cologne, 268 AD
Legatus
Postumus3_opt.jpg
POSTUMUS Antoninianus, RIC 323, Providence18 viewsOBV: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe & sceptre
2.90g, 21mm

Minted at Cologne/Trier, 263-265 AD
Legatus
pos_moneta.jpg
Postumus Ar antoninianus Moneta Avg Cologne12 views Obv. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev. MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left with scales & cornucopiae
Skyler
la_postumus_13.jpg
Postumus Double Sestertius HERC DEVSONENSI43 viewsPostumus "double Sestertius", 260-269 AD, Cologne.
Obv: IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERC DEVSONIENSI, naked Hercules standing right, holding lion skin and bow left and leaning on club right.
29-30 mm, 13.35 g
Bastien 104
grade: by wear: aVF/F, bit rough.
1 commentscliff_marsland
Postumus_sestertius,_259-263_AD,_Cologne.JPG
Postumus double sestertius, 259-263 AD, Cologne34 viewsPostumus
AE double sestertius
Cologne, 259-268 AD
IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG
laureate, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
LAETITA, AVG in ex.
galley right
RIC V 144 var. (legend and bust type)

Ex Classical Numismatics Group E52, lot 119
Ardatirion
Posthumus_Galley~0.JPG
Postumus Galley18 viewsPostumus Billon Antoninianus, struck 260/261 AD at Cologne mint. 21mm, 3.71g
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: LAETITIA / AVG (in exergue), Galley going left.
RIC 73, Elmer 130, 186, AKG (corr.) 41, Cunetio 2385
474 specimens in the Cunetio hoard.
Romanorvm
Postumus_Galley_RIC_Vb.jpg
Postumus Galley21 viewsPostumus AE Sestertius. Cologne mint, 261 AD, 22.3g, 30mm
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
REV: LAETITIA AVG, galley right with four rowers, SC in exergue

Unknown reference, not found, possibly unpublished?
1 commentsSRukke
Postumus_Galley_RIC_73.JPG
Postumus Galley RIC 7317 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, Cologne, 260 - 261 AD, 21.4mm, 3.5g, RIC 73, Elmer 130, 186, AKG (corr.) 41, Cunetio 2385, RSC 167, SEAR 5 10958
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: LAETITIA AVG, galley left with four rowers & pilot
Romanorvm
Postumus_Laetitia_RIC_5b_73.JPG
Postumus Laetitia RIC 5b 73 28 viewsPostumus 261 - 262 AD, Cologne, 21.44mm, RIC Vb 73, RSC 167, Sear 10958
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right
REV: LAETITIA AVG, Galley left with 5 rowers and pilot
2 commentsSRukke
Postumus MONETA AVG RIC 75.jpg
Postumus MONETA AVG RIC V/2 75104 viewsAnt, 20mm, 3.67g.

Obverse: IMPC POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: MONETA AVG, Moneta standing L holding scales and cornucopia.

Trier, Officina C, Issue 3.

Ric 75, Common. RIC also gives #315 with an identical description; #75 is atrributed as being from Lugdunum mint and #315 Cologne. As RIC's mint attributions for Postumus don't hold up, I've assumed the two to be identical.

1 commentsRobert_Brenchley
Postumus_Moneta_RIC_5b_75~0.JPG
Postumus Moneta RIC 5b 754 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, Cologne, 262 - 265 AD, 4.29g, 22mm, RIC 5b 75, RSC 199, Sear 10962.
OBV: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, dra;ped and cuirassed bust right
REV: Monets standing left, holding cornucopia and scales
SRukke
POSTUMUS-1-ROMAN~0.jpg
Postumus RIC V(2)-54 Cologne16 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Cologne mint, 261 A.D.
22mm, 2.87g
RIC V(2)-54, RSCv.4-243a, RCVv.3-10971

Obverse:
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
P M TR P COS II P P
Emperor in military attire, standing left, holding globe and spear.
rubadub
postumus_289.jpg
Postumus RIC V, 28747 viewsPostumus, AD 260-269
AR - Antoninianus, 22mm, 2.75g
Cologne AD 269
obv. IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Bust, draped and cuirassed, radiate, r.
rev. Victory, nude to hips, stg. r., holding wreath in raised r. hand and long palm in
l. hand
RIC V/2, 287; C.31
EF, lustrous

Sorry, I can't see the wreath which is mentioned in the description!

1 commentsJochen
postumus_Elmer413.jpg
Postumus RIC V, 31322 viewsPostumus, AD 259-268
AR - Antoninianus, 3.27g, 22mm
Cologne, 13th emission, AD 265
obv. IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Bust, draped (and cuirassed?), radiate, r.
rev. MERCVRIO FELICI
Mercurius, nude except chlamys, stg. l., looking r., holding short caduceus in l. arm and purse in r. hand.
ref.: RIC V/2, 313; C.192; Elmer 413; Cunetio 2419
Scarce, VF

This seems to be the only type with a connection between Mercurius and commerce!

Jochen
postumus_315(c).jpg
Postumus RIC V, 315(c)90 viewsPostumus 259 - 268, Gallic Empire
AR - Antoninianus, 3.66g, 19.9mm
Cologne 262/268
obv. IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
draped, cuirassed bust, radiate head r.
rev. M - ONET - A - AVG
Moneta standing l., holding scales and cornucopiae
RIC V/2, 315(c); C.199
nearly MS, superb portrait
from Forum Ancient Coins, thanks!

Remarkable is that the die originally has an AVGG on the rev. This second G then was removed. His son Postumus jun. for some time was his co-ruler (from Alex, but see the comment of Pscipio!)
2 commentsJochen
post1salus.JPG
Postumus Silvered Antoninianus struck AD 266 AD at Cologne33 viewsOBV: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust Right.
REV: SALVS AVG Aesculapius standing right, head left, with right hand leaning on staff round which is entwined a snake, to right globe at feet.
wt 3.6 gm


RIC 86, 326, Elmer 415, AGK (corr.)80, Cunetio 2435
(Ref. Sebastian Sonderman personal comm.)


The artists at the Gallic Mints, especially Cologne, rendered hair in an original way, more naturalisticaly than the best Greek coins and superior to anything from contemporary Roman Imperial mints.
1 commentsdaverino
Postumus_Sol_RIC_5b_77.jpg
Postumus Sol RIC 5b 777 viewsPostumus, Antoninianus, Cologne, 268 AD, RIC 5b 77, 21mm, 3.40g, Elmer 569, AGK (Corr.) 48, Cunetio 2451, Cohen 213
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
REV: ORIENS AVG, Sol running left, with right hand raised
and holding whip in left hand, cloak flies behind
SRukke
Postumus_RIC_329.JPG
Postumus, 260 - 268 AD23 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.

Rev: SERAPI COMITI AVG, Serapis standing left, raising right hand and holding a scepter in his left, a ship at his feet.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 267 AD

3.5 grams, 20 mm, 45°

RIC Vii 329, RSC 358a, S10992, VM 66
SPQR Matt
Postumus_RIC_309~0.JPG
Postumus, 260 - 269 AD22 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.

Rev: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing holding a scepter and a thunderbolt.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 265 - 268 AD

3.4 grams, 21.1 mm, 0°

RIC Vii 309, RSC 159, S10954, VM 26
Matt Inglima
Postumus_RIC_67.JPG
Postumus, 260 - 269 AD30 viewsObv: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus facing right.

Rev: HERC PACIFERO, Hercules, standing left, holding an olive branch, club and lion's skin.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 260 - 265 AD

3.9 grams, 21.8 mm, 45°

RIC Vii 67, RSC 101, S10946
SPQR Matt
Postumus_AR_Antoninianus.jpg
Postumus, 260 - 269 AD, Silver Antoninianus, Pax43 viewsCologne Mint, 21mm, 2.7 grams
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right.
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding branch and sceptre.
Sear10966 // RIC78 _4802
2 commentsAntonivs Protti
postumus_moneta_k.jpg
Postumus, AD 260-2696 viewsBillon Antoninianus, 21mm, 3.5g, 6h; Lugdunum or Cologne mint.
Obv.: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: MONETA AVG; Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
Reference: RIC Vb 75, p. 343 (Lugdunum) or 315, p. 362 (Cologne)
John Anthony
postumus_pax_k.jpg
Postumus, AD 260-2694 viewsBillon Antoninianus, 20mm, 2.6g, 1h; Cologne, 268.
Obv.: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus to right.
Rev.: PAX AVG; Pax standing front, her head turned to left, holding an olive branch in her right hand and a transverse scepter in her left.
Reference: RIC Vb 318, p. 363
From the YOC Collection
John Anthony
Post_moneta_k.jpg
Postumus, AD 260-2695 viewsBillon Antoninianus, 20mm, 4.1g, 8h; Cologne mint.
Obv.: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: MONETA AVG; Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia.
Reference: RIC Vb 75, p. 343
From the YOC Collection, Mossy Bottom Barn Hoard
John Anthony
post_virtus_k.jpg
Postumus, AD 260-26911 viewsBillon Antoninianus, 22x19mm, 3.3g, 6h; Cologne mint.
Obv.: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. VIRTVS AVG; Virtus, helmeted, standing right, holding spear with his right hand and resting his left on a shield set on ground.
Reference: RIC Vb 93, p. 344
From the YOC Collection, Mossy Bottom Barn Hoard
1 commentsJohn Anthony
5008_5009.jpg
Postumus, Antoninianus, ORIENS AVG4 viewsAR Antoninianus
Postumus
Augustus: 260 - 269AD
21.0 x 19.0mm
O: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped bust, right.
R: ORIENS AVG; Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
Exergue: P, left field.
Cologne Mint
Aorta: 228(?): B32, O19, R99, T139.
RSC 213
del550 201368022537
6/15/15 2/3/17
Nicholas Z
PostMoneta~0.JPG
Postumus, AR antoninianus34 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Bust radiate, draped, cuirassed, right
MONETA AVG
Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopeia
RIC 75 & 316 (same description), RSC 199a
Cunetio Hoard 2404 (straight hair on temple)
Uncertain mint (Lugdunum, Cologne, Milan, Trier?)
whitetd49
abm_postumus_iovi_victori.jpg
Postumus, Cologne, Normanby 1352.13 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing.
Normanby 1352.
Adrianus
0450-310np_noir.jpg
Postumus, Double sestertius - *112 viewsDouble sestertius struck in Cologne, AD 261
IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate bust of Postumus right
LAETITIA AVG, Galley travelling left
18.12 gr
Ref : Cohen #177, RCV #11049
1 commentsPotator II
Antoninus Alexandria.jpg
Provincial Alexandria - Antoninus Pius - AE Drachme145 viewsÆ-Drachme, Alexandria (Aegyptus);

Dattari 2862 and 8723 is this same rev. type for Ant. Pius, LKB = Year 22 = 158/9 AD.
Diameter: 32 mm
Weight: 21 g
Obv.: AVT K TPAIAN AEL ANTWNINOC CE; laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; at his feet, Cerberus; to l., Demeter standing, r., holding torch; to r., Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia; all wearing kalathos, all on galley with oars

"Definitely a rare type. Not in the rich Cologne collection for Ant. Pius, and Dattari, in the best collection of Alexandrian coins ever assembled, had only two worn specimens." Curtislclay.
2 commentsTanit
Salonina_R700_FAC.jpg
RIC 5a, p.108, 5 - Salonina, Segetia 2 viewsSalonina
c. 259 - 260 A.D.
Billon antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint
Obv.: SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders
Rev.: DEAE SEGETIAE, statue of goddess Segetia standing facing in tetrastyle temple, nimbate, crescent on her head, both hands raised
Billon, 3.97g, 20.8mm, 0°
Ref.: Göbl MIR 902c, RSC IV 36, RIC V-1m p.108, 5, Hunter 21, Cunetio 731, Elmer 96, SRCV III 10631
Ex Roma Numismatics
Ex Forum Ancient Coins Shop
shanxi
Antoninus Alexandria~0.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE PROVINCIAL, Antoninus Pius, Alexandria, Drachm475 viewsÆ-Drachme, Alexandria (Aegyptus);

Dattari 2862 and 8723 is this same rev. type for Ant. Pius, LKB = Year 22 = 158/9 AD.
Diameter: 32 mm
Weight: 21 g
Obv.: AVT K TPAIAN AEL ANTWNINOC CE; laureate-headed bust of Antoninus Pius wearing cuirass and paludamentum, r.
Rev.: Sarapis seated, l., holding sceptre; at his feet, Cerberus; to l., Demeter standing, r., holding torch; to r., Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia; all wearing kalathos, all on galley with oars

"Definitely a rare type. Not in the rich Cologne collection for Ant. Pius, and Dattari, in the best collection of Alexandrian coins ever assembled, had only two worn specimens." Curtislclay.
6 commentsTanit
bpS1O8Gallienus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus (254-268)52 viewsObv: GALLIENVS P F AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust, right.
Rev: VICT GERMANICA
Victory on globe advancing right with trophy over left shoulder. Captives seated left and right.
Antoninianus, 3.7 gm, 21.8 mm, Cologne RIC 49.
Commentary: Celebrates his expulsion of the Jethungi from Italy.
History (As co-Augustus, 253-260): He was raised to the rank of co-Augustus in 253 by his father, Valerian, and tasked to bring order to the Western half of the Empire. Until 256 he concentrated his efforts against the barbarian hordes crossing the Danube. Having largely met with success, he then turned to the Rhine where until 258, he continued his string of successes in securing the borders against the German invasions. Between 255 and 258, the Senate awarded him the title of Germanicus Maximus five times for his stupendous victories and a belated Dacicus Maximus in 257. In 258 he returned to the Danube to meet fresh incursions by the Goths. In the following year, the Jethungi crossed the Upper Danube and invaded Italy forcing Gallienus to return to the homeland. Initial success was met at Milan followed by complete victory in early 260 at Augsburg with the recovery of thousands of Roman captives. But those successes were marred by the capture of his father by Shapur I.
Massanutten
Photo_2006_8_7_18_55_49_edited.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus GERMANICVS MAX V76 viewsGallienus, c. 258-259 A.D., Cologne mint.
OBV: GALLIENVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust left with spear and shield.
REV: GERMANICVS MAX V, two German captives seated at the foot of a trophy.
2 commentsancientcoins
GALLIEN-1-ROMAN~1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus RIC V(1)-18 Lugdunum254 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Lugdunum mint, 258-259 A.D.
**(Sear has this as Cologne mint, 257-258 A.D.)
23mm, 3.41g
RIC V(1)-18, RSCv.4-308, RCVv.3-10224

Obverse:
GALLIENVS PF AVG
Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
GERMANICVS MAX V
Trophy between two captives.

Since this has already received 5 stars on four votes on my gallery, I figured I'd put it up on BoT
2 commentsrubadub
Photo_2007_2_21_4_12_32_edited.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus VIRTVS AVG41 viewsGallienus, 257-258 A.D., Cologne.
OBV: GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
REV: VIRTVS AVGG, Gallienus standing right, in military attire, holding spear and military standard.
ancientcoins
Gallienus-Germ-Max-copy.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Gallienus-Germanicus Max V168 viewsGALLIENUS-s Gallienus, as Joint Ruler, Billon Antoninianus.Cologne(Koln) mint, 258-9 AD.

OBV.GALLIENVS P F AVG *, radiate, cuirassed bust left holding spear & sheild
REV. GERMANICVS MAX V, two German captives bound and seated at the foot of a trophy.
EX.na
Attrib.RIC 18,RSC 310.
*legend seems to read GALLIENVS dot P dot F dot AVG and I don't know if this is just one of those RIC quirks where they just fail to mention it seeing it as inconsequential or a legitimate new var.
black-prophet
ON_FORVM_Gallienus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, GALLIENUS. AR ANTONINIANUS of Cologne. Struck A.D.259. 33 viewsObverse: GALLIENVS•P•F•AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus facing left, holding spear over his right shoulder and shield on his left arm.
Reverse: GERMANICVS MAX V. Trophy, at foot of which, two seated captives, hands bound behind their backs.
RIC V i : 18 (Lugdunum) | RSC IV : 310
SOLD ON FORVM

Entrusted with the defence of the Rhine frontier by Valerian I in A.D.254, Gallienus achieved many victories culminating in a crushing defeat of the Alemanni at Milan in A.D.259, this coin was struck to commemorate the event.
*Alex
Postumus1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus14 viewsCologne mint, 261

IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVG
Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm frond, captive at feet

RIC V 89
Michael V
Postumus2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus15 viewsCologne mint, 262

IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG,
radiated, draped and cuirassed bust r.
HERC PACIFERO
Hercules standing l., holding olive-branch, club and lion’s skin

RIC V 67
Michael V
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_LAETITIA-AVG_RIC-V-II-73-p-343_C-167_Lugdunum_260-69-AD___Q-001_axis-7h_22mm_3,02g-s.jpg
Roman Empire, Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 073, Cologne? or Trier?, LAETITIA AVG, 371 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 073, Cologne? or Trier?, LAETITIA AVG,
avers:- IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- LAETITIA, Galley right.
exergo: AVG, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,02g, axis: 7h,
mint: Cologne? or Trier?, (Lugdunum? are error in RIC -V), date: 260-69 AD., ref: RIC-V-II-73, p-343, C-167,
Q-001
quadrans
4254LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus / Oriens / Cologne52 viewsAttribution: RIC 316 (RIC V, Part II), Schulzki 49

Mint: Cologne, P

Date: 259-268 AD

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ORIENS AVG/ P in left field, Sol advancing left holding whip

Size: 20mm

Weight: 2.26 grams
AnemicOak
Postumus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus AR Antoninianus381 viewsPostumus AR Antoninianus

Attribution: Cunetio 2453,
Zschucke 135, Cologne
Date: AD 268
Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS
PF AVG, radiate, draped, &
cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax stg.
l. holding branch and scepter
Size: 20 mm
Weight: 2.4 grams
4 commentsNoah
POSTUME.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, POSTUMUS, Antoninianus11 viewsCologne Mint, 268 AD
IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
PAX AVG, Pax standing left with branch & sceptre
RIC 318
Nicolas B
Postumus_-_Bust_left.jpg
Roman Empire, Postumus, Cologne mint, struck 266 AD, Billon Antoninianus81 viewsPOSTVMVS AVG radiate bust left, holding club over right shoulder, lion's head on left shoulder, strap across bare chest
PAX AVG Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
RIC 319, Elmer 564, Zschucke 161.
dupondius
Postumus_-_Restitutor_Orbis.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, POSTUMUS, Cologne mint, struck 267-268 AD, Billon Antoninianus83 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REST ORBIS emperor standing right, holding spear and raising kneeling female, holding cornucopiae.
RIC 324, Elmer 592, Zschucke 177
2 commentsdupondius
Postumus Ant obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Postumus, RIC 28950 viewsPostumus
AE Antoninianus
Cologne Mint. 268 A.D.
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate and draped bust right.
Rev: IMP X COS V - Victory standing right.
Ref: RIC 289.
seraphic
Tetricus.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus I13 viewsCologne mint, 272 - 273

IMP TETRICVS P F AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
LAETITIA AVGG
Laetitia standing left, wreath in right, anchor in left

RIC V 88
Michael V
Tetricus2.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus I14 viewsCologne mint 272 - 273

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
VICTORIA AVG
Victory advancing left holding wreath in right and palm in left

RIC V 141
Michael V
TETI04LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus I / A.D. 271-274 / Billon Antoninianus32 viewsAttribution: RIC 126 (RIC V, Part II)

Mint: Cologne

Date: 273-274 AD

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG; Radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SALVS AVGG; Salus standing left, feeding snake rising from altar left, and holding anchor

Size: 19mm

Weight: 2.35 grams


Ex. Braithwell Hoard, Via Imperial Coins

"The Braithwell Hoard was discovered in 2002 in South Yorkshire UK by a Metal Detectorist. It contained 1331 antoniniani, the vast majority of which were of the Romano-Gallic empire. Richard Abdy and J.D. Hill have recorded the hoard, and will be publishing the full details in the near future. This coin is from that hoard and has been assigned a "Braithwell" number per the preliminary hoard report.."
AnemicOak
weihgefaess.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus II19 viewsCologne mint
RV: PIETAS AVGG
spring 274
Franz-Josef M
TetricusII.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus II10 viewsCologne mint, 273-274

C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust r.
SPES AVGG
Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt

RIC 270

Michael V
bpS1R6TetricusII.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus II (Gallic Empire)84 viewsObv: C P E TETRICVS CAES
Radiate and draped bust, right.
Rev: PIETAS AVG
Five priestly sacrificial implements.
Billon Antoninianus, 1.9 gm, 17.6 gm, Cologne RIC 255
Comment: The normal interpretation of this reverse is that it was meant to indicate the Priestly Collages which the Imperial personage was decreed membership of. In this was the case for the young Tetricus, it must have occurred 'in absentia'.
Massanutten
TETRICUS_II_AS_CAESAR__ANTONINIANUS~0.JPG
ROMAN EMPIRE, TETRICUS II as CAESAR. AE ANTONINIANUS of Cologne. Struck A.D.273 - 274. 33 viewsObverse: C P E TETRICVS CAES. Radiate and draped bust of Tetricus Caesar facing right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG. Sacrificial implements, i.e. aspergum, patera, urceus etc.
RIC V ii : 255

C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus was the son of Tetricus I and was given the rank of Caesar when his father was made Augustus. After the surrender and abdication of Tetricus I he relinquished the title of Caesar and spent the rest of his life as a private citizen.

1 comments*Alex
Photo_2006_8_7_19_54_1_edited.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Tetricus II SPES AVGG44 viewsTetricus II, 273-74 A.D., Cologne mint.
OBV: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped bust right.
REV: SPES AVGG, Spes advancing left, holding flower and lifting skirt.
ancientcoins
Valerianus_IMP_Oriens_beidseitig.jpg
Roman Empire, Valerian I, Oriens, Cologne mint, RIC 107105 viewsObverse: IMP VALERIANVS AVG
Revers: ORIENS AVGG
RIC:107
4,55 Gramm
23mm
256-258
Great Example of this R2 Cologne mint (3. Emission) of Valerianus with IMP in Obverse
3 commentsVipsanius
Victorinus1.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus11 viewsAntoninianus, 269, Cologne mint

IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
INVICTVS
Sol walking left, raising right, whip in left, star in left field

RIC V 114
Michael V
Victorinus21.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus5 viewsCologne mint, 269-271

IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r
PAX – AVG
Pax standing l., holding branch and transverse spear, V in left field, * in right field

RIC V 118
Michael V
17333LG.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Victorinus, AE Antoninianus, 268-270 AD130 viewsAttribution: RIC 117 (RIC V), Cohen 84
Mint: Cologne
Date: 268-270 AD

Obverse: IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: PAX AVG; Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre; V *

Size: 19mm
Weight: 2.9 grams

8 commentsAnemicOak
Divo_Victorino_Pio_Consacratio~0.JPG
Roman Empire, VICTORINUS. Commemorative AE antoninianus of Cologne. Struck A.D.271 under Tetricus I.48 viewsObverse: DIVO VICTORINO PIO. Radiate head of Victorinus facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Eagle facing right, head turned left, standing on globe and holding wreath in beak.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC Vii : 85 | AGK 1 | Elmer 785 | Cunetio 2633
VERY RARE

A.D.271
Early in this year Victorinus was assassinated by Attitianus, an actuarius (regimental quartermaster), reportedly for reasons of personal revenge but more likely part of an officer coup. The most likely interpretation of the evidence is that Domitianus II was involved in this officer coup and, having presumably been hailed as Emperor by some of the troops, managed to secure temporary control of one of the 'Gallic' mints. However, those forces favouring Tetricus I as the new Emperor were able to assert themselves so swiftly and decisively that Domitianus’s elevation was unlikely to have lasted more than a few days. This coin, deifying Victorinus, was struck by Tetricus I towards the end of the year.
This year too, Aurelian, the central emperor, pushed the Vandals back from Pannonia and forced them to withdraw over the Danube. He also pursued the Alamanni who had entered Lombardy, closed the passes in the Alps and encircled the invaders near Pavia. The Alamanni were destroyed and Aurelian received the title Germanicus Maximus.
Also this year, Felicissimus, financial minister of the state treasury, led an uprising of mint workers in Rome against Aurelian but he was defeated and killed on the Caelian Hill.
3 comments*Alex
Screenshot_2019-05-16_10_58_04.png
Roman Imperial, Gallienus as Augustus, AR Antoninianus - 1st Emission.13 viewsCologne 257-258 A.D. 2.10g - 22.4mm, Axis 5h.

Obv: GALLIENVS ● P ● F AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield decorated with Gorgon.

Rev: GERMANICVS MAX V - Two Germanic captives bound and seated at the foot of a trophy.

RIC V-I 18; MIR 36, 872m; RSC 310.
scarli
Screenshot_2017-06-07_13_49_08.png
Roman Imperial, Postumus (Gallic Emperor), AR Antoninianus.18 viewsCologne 260-269 A.D. 2.95g - 22.8mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Rev: MONETA AVG - Moneta standing left with scales and cornucopiae.

RIC V 75, RSC 199, Sear 10962.
scarli
Screenshot_2019-07-06_12_19_39.png
Roman Imprial, Gallienus as Augustus, AR Antoninianus - 1st Emission.15 viewsCologne 257-258 A.D. 3.69g - 22.3mm, Axis 6h.

Obv: GALLIENVS ● P ● F AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield decorated with Gorgon.

Rev: GERMANICVS MAX V - Two Germanic captives bound and seated at the foot of a trophy with two large shields.

RIC V-I 18; MIR 36, 872m; RSC 310.
scarli
Ant12-porträt.JPG
Roman, Postumus Antoninian324 viewsPostumus AR-Antoninian, struck 267 AD at Cologne mint (?).
Obv: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
(Rev: IOVI VICTORI, Iupiter walking left, looking right, holding sceptre and thunderbolt.)
Ø 21 mm, 3.16 g.
Cunetio 2468, Elmer 571, Zschucke 170, RIC 311
4 commentsPscipio
TetricusHilaritas1.jpg
Roman, TETRICUS Antoninian, 75 viewsA good one of this guy is really hard to find. Difficult times in Cologne in these years.Vipsanius
Salonina_Venvs_Felix~0.jpg
Salonina - AR Antoninianus6 viewsCologne
257-259 AD
1st emission
diademed bust on crescent right
SALONINA AVG
Venus seated left, holding sceptre, reaching for child before her
VENVS F_ELIX
SRCV III 10655, RIC V 7 (Lugdunum)
3,12g
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
salonina.jpg
Salonina AR Antoninianus50 viewsSalonina AR Antoninanus. Colonia Agrippinensium (Cologne) mint. SALONINA AVG, diademed bust right on crescent / VEN-V-S FELIX, Venus seated left, holding scepter, reaching for child before her. RIC 7 [joint reign], RSC 115.
Sear'88 257-258
tiberiusjulius
salonina.jpg
Salonina AR Antoninianus. 256-257 AD.8 viewsSalonina AR Antoninianus. 256-257 AD. VERY RARE!!!!!!Obv: SALONINA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent.
Rev: VENVS VICTRIX,
Venus, naked to waist and seen from back, standing right, leaning left elbow on column, leaning on column, holding palm and apple. Sole Reign of Gallienus.
This reverse is not in RIC but published under Göbl 0904c Cologne, Cunetio hoard 735, Elmer 98, Stevenage hoard 519, Biglis, Dinas Powys hoard (1978/9): IARCW 440/2.

Ex CNG.
Britanikus
0441-330.jpg
Salonina, Antoninianus43 viewsLyon mint (RIC) or Cologne mint (Göbl), AD 259-260
SALONINA AVG, draped bust on crescent, hair waved in rows with stephane
DEAE SEGETIAE, Segetiae standing facing in tetrastyle temple, hands raised
2.86 gr, 20/23 mm
Ref : RCV # 10631, Göbl # 902c, RIC V part I # 5, Cohen # 36
Ex Keith Emmet collection
Potator II
SALONINA-1-ROMAN~0.jpg
Salonina, RIC V(1)-7 Cologne36 viewsBillon Antoninianus
Cologne mint, 257-259 A.D.
23mm, 3.19g
RIC V(1)-7, RSCv.4-115, RCVv.3-10655

Obverse:
SALONINA AVG
Diademed, draped bust right, on crescent.

Reverse:
VENVS FELIX
Venus seated left, extending right hand to child (or Cupid) at her feet and holding transverse sceptre in left.
rubadub
salonina100409.jpg
Salonina, Venus43 viewsAntoninianus, 23-24mm; 2.91g

SALONINA AVG
draped bust right wearing stephane

VENVS-FELIX
Venus seated left, holding scepter & Apple, child at feet

RIC 7 [joint reign]; RSC 115; Sear 10655.
Cologne mint
arizonarobin
Salonina_RIC_7~0.JPG
Salonina, wife of Gallienus14 viewsObv: SALONINA AVG, diademed, draped bust of Salonina facing right, on a crescent.

Rev: VENVS FELIX, Venus seated left, holding a scepter, at her foot is a child (Cupid) reaching for an apple held in her right hand.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 257 - 259 AD

2.6 grams, 23mm, 0°

RIC Vi 7, RSC 115, S10655, VM 46
Matt Inglima
saloni14.jpg
Salonine - VENVS FELIX11 viewsSALONINA AVG
VENVS FELIX
Venus voilée assise un enfant à ses pieds
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 281a
Göbl ...
Eauze 1513
Elmer 60
PYL
Salonine_-_venus_felix.JPG
Salonine - VENVS FELIX6 viewsSALONINA AVG
VENVS FELIX
Venus diadémée assise un enfant à ses pieds
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 281b
Göbl ...
Eauze 1513
Elmer 60
PYL
Salonine_-_venus_victrix_2.JPG
Salonine - VENVS VICTRIX7 viewsSALONINA AVG
VENVS VICTRIX
Venus debout de face, accoudé à un bouclier, elle tient une palme et un globe.
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 223
Göbl 899c
Eauze 1514
Elmer 61
PYL
Salonine_-_vesta.JPG
Salonine - VESTA10 viewsSALONINA AVG
VESTA
Vesta assise tenant le palladium
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 224
Göbl 900c
Eauze 1516
Elmer 62
PYL
0443-210np_noir.jpg
Saloninus, Antoninianus27 viewsCologne mint, AD 258-260
SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right
PIETAS AVG, sacrificial implements
2.85 gr
Ref : Cohen # 41, RCV # 10767
Potator II
saloninus_9.jpg
Saloninus, Göbl 914 (Cologne)57 viewsSaloninus, AD 258-260, son of Gallienus
AE - Antoninianus, 3.24g, 21mm, 180°
struck AD 256(?) in Cologne
obv. SALON VALERIANVS CAES
bust, draped, radiate, r.
rev. PIETAS AVG
priestly implement; from left: lituus, knife, guttus, simpuvium, aspergillum
Göbl 914 (Cologne); RIC V/1, 9; C.41
about VF, some wear of the legends, but nice portrait nevertheless
4 commentsJochen
Severina Tetradrachm-Alexandria.JPG
Severina, Billon Tetradrachm, Alexandria38 viewsSeverina, Billon Tetradrachm, Alexandria, 270-275 AD
Obverse: OVLP CEVHPINA CEB, Diademed and draped bust right
Reverse: ETOYC-Z, Nike advancing right with wreath.
21mm, 8.5gm
Emmett 3968; RCV 11716; Dattari 5498; BMCG 2374; Cologne 3106; Milne 4467


1 commentsJerome Holderman
Victorinus_Divus_Consacratio.JPG
Struck A.D.271 under Tetricus I. DIVUS VICTORINUS. Commemorative AE antoninianus of Cologne5 viewsObverse: DIVO VICTORINO PIO. Radiate head of Victorinus facing right.
Reverse: CONSACRATIO. Eagle facing right, head turned left, standing on globe and holding wreath in beak.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC Vii : 85 | AGK 1 | Elmer 785 | Cunetio 2633
VERY RARE

Early in A.D.271 Victorinus was assassinated by Attitianus, an actuarius (regimental quartermaster), reportedly for reasons of personal revenge but more likely part of an officer coup. The most likely interpretation of the evidence is that the enigmatic usurper Domitianus II was involved in this coup and, having presumably been hailed as Emperor by some of the troops, managed to secure temporary control of one of the 'Gallic' mints. However, those forces favouring Tetricus I as the new Emperor were able to assert themselves so swiftly and decisively that Domitianus’s elevation was unlikely to have lasted more than a few days. This coin, deifying Victorinus, was struck by Tetricus I towards the end of the year.
*Alex
Tetricus_2_Caes_Pietas.JPG
Struck A.D.273 - 274. TETRICUS II as CAESAR. AE ANTONINIANUS of Cologne5 viewsObverse: C P E TETRICVS CAES. Radiate and draped bust of Tetricus Caesar facing right.
Reverse: PIETAS AVGG. Sacrificial implements, i.e. aspergum, patera, urceus etc.
Diameter: 16mm | Weight: 2.4gms | Die Axis: 6
RIC V ii : 255

C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus was the son of Tetricus I and was given the rank of Caesar when his father was made Augustus. After the surrender and abdication of Tetricus I he relinquished the title of Caesar and spent the rest of his life as a private citizen.
*Alex
AAFZb_small.png
Tetricus Antoninianus6 viewsTetricus I, 271–274 AD

Cologne, 271–274 AD

19mm., 3,48g.

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG. Bust of Tetricus I, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right

SPES PVBLICA. Spes, draped, standing or walking left, holding flower in right hand and raising robe with left hand

References: RIC V Tetricus I 136

AAFZ
RL
teti.jpg
Tetricus I (271 - 274 A.D.)31 viewsÆ Antoninianus
O: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right.
R: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left.
Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 271 A.D.
3g
19mm
RIC V, part II, 139

Ex. Heritage Auction, May 8, 2014, Lot 61194 (part of).
1 commentsMat
RIC_Tetricus_RIC_V-2_100.jpg
Tetricus I (Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus (271-274 A.D.)11 viewsRIC V-2 100, Sear 11243, Van Meter 6

AE Antoninianus, 1.92 g., 19.42 mm. max., 0°

Cologne mint, struck in 272-273 A.D.

Obv: IMP C TETRICUS PF AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right.

Rev: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding olive-branch and vertical scepter.

RIC rarity C, Van Meter VB1.
Stkp
RIC_Tetricus_RIC_V-2_56.jpg
Tetricus I (Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus (271-274 A.D.)6 viewsRIC V-2 56, Sear 11232, Van Meter --

AE Antoninianus, 2.14 g., 19.83 mm. max., 180°

Cologne mint, struck in 272 A.D.

Obv: IMP C TETRICUS PF AVG, radiate draped bust right.

Rev: COMES AVG, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm.

RIC rarity C.
Stkp
00323.jpg
Tetricus I (RIC 141, Coin #323)12 viewsRIC 141 (C), AE Antoninianus, Cologne, 272 - 273 AD.
Obv: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right..
Rev: VICTORIA AVG Victory advancing left holding wreath in right and palm in left..
Size: 18.2mm 1.78gm
MaynardGee
306_Tetricus_laetitia~0.jpg
Tetricus I - BI antoninianus8 viewsCologne
272 AD
5th emission
radiate , cuirassed bust right
IMP TETRICVS P F AVG
Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor
LAETI_TIA AVG N
RIC V 90; Mairat 426-9; AGK 5b
2,51g
double strike - relative orientation c. 90°
Johny SYSEL
tetricus_I[1].jpg
Tetricus I 271-274 C.E. 9 viewsObverse - IMP C C P ESV TETRICVS AVG. Radiate, draped and curissed bust right
Reverse - VICTORIA AVG. Victory walking left, wreath in right hand and palm fond in left hand.
17 mm dia. Cologne mint. RIC V 140
NORMAN K
Tetricus_I_opt~0.jpg
TETRICUS I Antoninianus RIC 141, Victory18 viewsOBV: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
REV: VICTORIA AVG, Victory walking left, holding wreath & palm
1.9g, 17mm

Minted at Cologne, 270-3 AD
Legatus
Tetricus_I_4_opt.jpg
TETRICUS I Antoninianus RIC 80, Hilaritas23 viewsOBV: IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right
REV: HILARITAS AVGG, Hilaritas standing left, holding long branch and cornucopiae


Minted at Cologne, 273-4 AD
Legatus
Tetricus_I_6_opt.jpg
TETRICUS I Antoninianus RIC 90, Laetitia18 viewsOBV: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
REV: LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing left holding wreath & anchor
2.88g

Minted at Cologne, 270-4 AD
Legatus
Tetricus I Hilaritas AVGG RIC 80.jpg
Tetricus I HILARITAS AVGG RIC V/2 80105 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.81g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: HILARITAS AVGG, Hilaritas standing L holding branch and cornucopia.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 80, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
Tetricus I LAETITIA AVG N RIC 90.jpg
Tetricus I LAETITIA AVG N RIC V/2 9057 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.68g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: LAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing L with wreath & anchor.

Cologne, Issue 5.

RIC 90, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
TETRIC1-1-ROMAN~0.jpg
Tetricus I RIC V(2)-100 Cologne16 viewsAntoninianus
Cologne mint, 272-273 A.D.
21mm, 2.06g
RIC V(2)-100, RCVv.3-11243

Obverse:
IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG
Radiate and draped bust right.

Reverse:
PAX AVG
Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and transverse scepter.
rubadub
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC 126.jpg
Tetricus I SALVS AVGG RIC V/2 12672 viewsAnt, 18mm, 2.73g.

Obverse: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, Radiate & Cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SALVS AVGG, Salus standing L feeding snake rising from altar, holding anchor.

Trier, Issue 5.

RIC 126, Common
Robert_Brenchley
Tetricus_I_ric_136.JPG
Tetricus I, 271 - 274 AD41 viewsObv: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Tetricus I facing right.

Rev: SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding a flower and lifting her skirt.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 272 - 273 AD

2.6 grams, 19.4 mm, 0°

RIC Vii 136, S11250
1 commentsSPQR Coins
0454-310np_noir.jpg
Tetricus I, Antoninianus41 viewsCologne mint, AD 273-274
IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right
SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake
2.60 gr
Ref : Cohen # 154, RCV # 11247
Potator II
tetr_I.jpg
Tetricus I, COMES AVG, Victory4 viewsTetricus I, 271 - 274 AD Cologne mint, 18 mm, 1.6g
Obverse: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG; radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: COMES AVG, Victory standing left holding wreath and palm
RIC V-2, 56. ex areich
Podiceps
t1OR.jpg
Tetricus I, RIC V 10021 viewsCologne mint, Tetricus I, 272 - 273 A.D. AE, 19mm 2.37g, RIC V 100, SRCV III 11243
O: IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, extending branch in right, long vertical scepter in left
1 commentscasata137ec
t1OR~0.jpg
Tetricus I, RIC V-2, 1488 viewsCologne mint, Tetricus I, 271-274 A.D. AE, 21mm 2.13g, RIC V-2, 148
O: IMP C TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust r
R: VIRTVS AVGG, Soldier standing left, holding spear and leaning on shield
casata137ec
t1aOR.jpg
Tetricus I, RIC V-2, 7013 viewsCologne mint, Tetricus I, 271-274 A.D. AE, 16mm 2.59g, RIC V-2, 70
O: IMP TETRICVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed, bust right
R: FIDES MILITVM, fides standing left, holding two standards
casata137ec
Tetricus I- Hilaritas new.jpg
Tetricus I- Hilaritas44 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:Radiate cuirassed bust right
IMP TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator,
TETRICVS: Tetricus
PF: Pius felix,
AVG: Augustus,

Reverse:
HILARITAS AVGG

HILARITAS: Hilaritas
AVGG: 2 Emperors

Showing: Hilaritas standing left holding palm frond in right and cornucopia in left.

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 17 mm

Mint: Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne.

Antoninianus of Tetricus I struck A.D.271-274.

However with this last issue of Tetricus it may not be as simple as that. Hilaritas occurs for both bust types and could possibly indicate centralised die cutting or the two mints had combined during the final months of the Gallic Empire
John Schou
Tetricus I-Laetitia.jpg
Tetricus I- Laetitia47 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped bust right.

IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG

IMP: Imperator
C: Consul
TETRICVS: Tetricus
P F: Pius Felix
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse is:
LAETITIA AVG

LAETITIA : Laetitia (joy),
AVGG: Augustus, emperors

LAETITIA is standing left holding wreath and anchor

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 16 mm

Mint: Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne. Officina ?? Struck A.D.271-274. RIC 87 or 88.
1 commentsJohn Schou
799_Tetricus_II_Pietas.jpg
Tetricus II - BI antoninianus9 viewsColonia Agrippina
273 - spring 274 AD
6th emission
radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind
C P E TETRICVS CAES
sacrificial implements: sprinkler, simpulum, jug, knife, and lituus
PIETAS AVGG
RIC V 255, SRCV III 11286
ex Gitbud & Naumann
Johny SYSEL
Tetricus_II_ric_272.JPG
Tetricus II (as Caesar), 273 - 274 AD18 viewsObv: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Tetricus II facing right.

Rev: SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left holding a flower and lifting skirt.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 273 - 274 AD

2.6 grams, 17.4 mm, 180°

RIC Vii, 272, S11294
SPQR Coins
058.jpg
Tetricus II Antoninianus21 viewsRIC Vb 255; Normanby 1554, Mint II, probably Cologne as suggested by Roger Bland and others
2.47 g, 18 mm, die alignment 210 degrees
C P E TETRICVS CAES, radiate head right
PIETAS AVGG, sacrificial implements: ladle, jug and lituus. Cohen 48.
Mark Z
Tetricus_II_antoninianus_PAX_AVG_ROMAN_COIN.JPG
Tetricus II antoninianus PAX AVG ROMAN COIN76 viewsTetricus II Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 248, VF, Cologne mint,
Obverse: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind;
Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left holding olive-branch and scepter. _3523
Ref :BAS276



Antonivs Protti
t2OR.jpg
Tetricus II as Caesar, RIC V 27227 viewsCologne mint, Tetricus II as Caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D. AE, 17.5mm 2.09g, RIC V 272, SRCV III 11294
O: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind R: SPES PVBLICA, Spes advancing left, extending flower in right, raising skirt drapery with left
casata137ec
Tetrico_II_Spes_publica.jpg
Tetricus II Caesar, Cologne mint, R/ SPES PVBLICA (Braithwell hoard)23 viewsTetrico II cesare, antoniniano. Zecca di Colonia, 273-274 d.C.
AE, 1.942 gr, 18.9 mm, 180°, F
D/ C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, busto a dx da dietro radiato, drappeggiato e corazzato
R/ SPES PVBLICA, Spes andante a sx, porge un fiore con la dx e solleva un drappeggio della gonna con la sx.
RIC V 272, SRCV III 11294
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (30 aprile 2011, numero catalogo 135), ex FAC (Morehead City NC Usa, 2010); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, Londra-New York, 2007); ex CNG (London, 2007); ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
tetriucs_ii_spes_k.jpg
Tetricus II, AD 273-2744 viewsBl Antoninianus, 19mm, 4.3g, 3h; Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, AD 274
Obv.: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind.
Rev.: SPES AVGG, Spes advancing left, extending flower in right, raising skirt drapery with left
Reference: RIC Vb 270, p. 424
From the YOC Collection
John Anthony
Braithwell_Tetrico_II_PIETAS_AVGVSTOR.jpg
Tetricus II, Cologne mint, R/ PIETAS AVGVSTOR (Braithwell hoard)24 viewsTetricus II cesare, 273-274 d.C., antoninianus, zecca di Colonia
AE, 2.663 gr, 16.1 mm, 180°, F
D/ C P E TETRICVS CAES (o simile), radiate and draped bust right, from behind
R/ PIETAS AVGVSTOR, sprinkler, simpulum, jug, and lituus (sacrificial implements)
RIC V 259 (or 258), Braithwell Report #188 (43 examples in the hoard)
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (8 aprile 2011, numero catalogo 130), ex FAC (Morehead City NC Usa, 2010); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, Londra-New York, 2007), ex CNG (Londra, 2007); ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
Tetricus II- SPES AVGG.jpg
Tetricus II- SPES AVGG42 viewsTetricus II, Caesar mid 271 - spring 274 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate draped and cuirassed bust right

C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES

C: Caius
PIV: Pius
ESV: Esuvius
TETRICVS: Tetricus
CAES: Ceasar

Reverse:
SPES AVGG

SPES: Hope
AVGG: More than one emperor

Spes advancing left holding flower and raising drapery

Domination: Antoninianus, Bronze, size 18 mm

Mint: Treveri (Trier), RIC 270.

Comment:
Gallic, if the bust is radiate, draped and cuirassed then the mint is probably Trier. If the bust is radiate and cuirassed only then the mint is probably Cologne.

Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus II was the son of the Governor of Aquitaine, in the breakaway Gallo-Roman Empire (Gaul, Spain, and Britain) established by Postumus. After Victorinus, the successor to Postumus, was murdered, Tetricus' father was acclaimed Tetricus I, Augustus. His father later elevated the young Caius to Caesar, but their reign was cut short, peacefully, when Tetricus deserted his own troops to surrender to Aurelian. In gratitude, Aurelian later restored Tetricus I as a Senator, and even installed him as Governor of Lucania, and Tetricus II returned to normal life, as a private citizen.

John Schou
victorinus ant2.jpg
The Gallic Empire - 269-271AD VICTORINUS AE antoninianus 24 viewsobv: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: PAX AVG / V | * (Pax standing left, branch in right hand, scepter in left)
ref: RIC Vii 118, C.79
mint: Cologne
2.31gms, 21mm
berserker
victorinus ant1.jpg
The Gallic Empire - 269-271AD VICTORINUS AE antoninianus 16 viewsobv: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG (radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right)
rev: INVICTVS / *| (Sol walking left, right hand raised, [below star], left holding whip)
ref: RIC Vii 114, C.49
mint: Cologne
2.06gms, 19mm
berserker
Trajan.png
Trajan Denarius4 viewsThis piece was purchased in Cologne. We were rushing to get to the ships that cruise up the Rhine - I asked my company to give me 10 minutes when I noticed we had just walked past a numismatic shop... I think I was in there for longer... we _almost_ missed the ship.Alex F
Valerian.jpg
Valerian Antoninianus Göbl 877d Cologne mint 2nd issue33 views1 commentsTheEmpireNeverEnded
valerian_01_t.jpg
Valerian I AR Antoninianus20 viewsObv: VALERIANVS P F AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding whip.
Mint: Cologne
Date: 257 AD
Ref: RIC V 12, RSC 143, Cohen 6
oa
Valerian_RIC_5.JPG
Valerian I, 253 - 260 AD14 viewsObv: VALERIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Valerian facing right.

Rev: DEO VOLKANO, tetrastyle temple containing Vulcan, standing left, holding a hammer and tongs with an anvil at his feet.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 259 - 260 AD

2.5 grams, 22 mm, 180°

RIC Vi 5, RSC 50c, S9934, VM 26
SPQR Coins
Valerian_RIC_13.JPG
Valerian I, 253 - 260 AD17 viewsObv: VALERIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Valerian I facing right.

Rev: ORIENS AVGG, Sol standing, facing, head turned left, holding a globe in his left hand and raising his right.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 257 - 259 AD

2.7 grams, 21.8 mm, 0°

RIC Vi 13, RSC IV 140b, S9951, VM 49 (variety)
Matt Inglima
Valerian_RIC_13_(1).JPG
Valerian I, 253 - 260 AD13 viewsObv: VALERIANVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Valerian I facing right.

Rev: ORIENS AVGG, Sol standing, facing, head turned left, holding a globe in his left hand and raising his right.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 258 - 259 AD

3.046 grams, 23 mm, 180°

RIC Vi 13, RSC IV 140b, S9951, VM 49 (variety)

Ex: FORVM
Matt Inglima
valerianI_RIC5.jpg
Valerian I, Göbl 884d41 viewsValerian I, AD 253-260
AR - denarius, 20mm, 3.1g
Cologne, AD 258
obv. VALERIANVS PF AVG
Bust, draped, radiate, r.
rev. DEO VOLKANO
Tetrastyle temple with trigonal pediment, within statue of Vulcanus in working clothes and pileus, holding hammmer in raised r. hand and tongs in lowered l. hand; anvil at l. side.
RIC V/1, 5; C.2; Elmer 24, 74; Göbl/MIR36, 884d
about VF, rev. slightly excentric

Besides a coin with KARVS probably the only Roman coin with K in the legend. For more more information please take a look at the thread 'Coins of mythological interest'.
Jochen
00valerianocabra.jpg
Valerian II95 viewsBI Antoninianus. Cologne 257-258 AD. 3,41 grs. Radiate and draped bust right. VALERIANVS CAES / Infant Jupiter seated facing on goat (Amalthea) standing right,his right hand raised. IOVI CRESCENTI.
RIC 3. RSC 26.
benito
00valerianocabra~0.jpg
VALERIAN II21 viewsBI Antoninianus. Cologne 257-258 AD. 3,41 grs. Radiate and draped bust right. VALERIANVS CAES / Infant Jupiter seated facing on goat (Amalthea) standing right,his right hand raised. IOVI CRESCENTI.
RIC 3. RSC 26.
benito
valii.jpg
Valerian II (256 - 258 A.D.)35 viewsAR Antoninianus
O: VALERIANVS CAES, Radiate and draped bust right.
R: IOVI CRESCENNI, Infant Jupiter seated facing on goat (Amalthea) standing right,his right hand raised.
Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint
4.34g
23mm
RIC 3 RSC 26
2 commentsMat
valerianII_RIC3.jpg
VALERIAN II antoninianus - 253-255 AD26 viewsobv: VALERIANVS CAES (radiate and draped bust right)
rev: IOVI CRESCENTI (infant Jupiter seated facing, raising hand, on goat advancing)
ref: RIC Vi 3, RSC 26
mint: Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne), Lugdunum by RIC
2.42gms, 22mm

Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus was the eldest son of Gallienus and Salonina. He was made caesar under his father in 253, but died only 2 years later. It isn't clear how he died, but he was on the Danube frontier at the time. From his young portraits, he was perhaps 8 when he became caesar, and only 10 at his death.
berserker
v2ricv3OR.jpg
Valerian II, RIC V 380 viewsColonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, Valerian II as Caesar Antoninianus, 253-255 A.D. AR, 22mm 3.83g, RIC V 3; MIR 36, 907e; RSC 26
O: VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r.
R: IOVI CRESCENNI, Infant Jupiter seated facing, raising hand, on goat advancing r.
2 commentscasata137ec
0442-220.jpg
Valerian II, antoninianus - 005085 viewsCologne mint, AD 257-258
VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust of Valerian junior right
IOVI CRESCENTI, Young Jupiter on back of goat Amalthea right
3.66 gr
Ref : RCV # 10731, Cohen #26
1 commentsPotator II
0442-210np_noir.jpg
Valerian II, Antoninianus - 008573 viewsCologne mint, AD 258
DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right
CONSACRATIO (sic), Valerian II raising hand and holding sceptre on an eagle flying right
1.70 gr
Ref : Cohen # 5, RCV # 10606

Peu courant, belle patine
2 commentsPotator II
Valerian_II_RIC_3~0.JPG
Valerian II, son of Gallienus21 viewsObv: VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped bust of Valerian II facing right.

Rev: IOVI CRESCENTI, an infant Jupiter seated facing, on a goat walking right.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 257 - 258 AD

3.5 grams, 20.8 mm, 180°

RIC Vi 3, RSC 26, S10731, VM 5
Matt Inglima
Valerian_II_RIC_9~0.JPG
Valerian II, son of Gallienus (Posthumous)33 viewsObv: DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate, draped bust of Valerian II facing right.

Rev: CONSECRATIO, Valerian II, raising his right hand and holding a scepter, seated left on the back of an eagle soaring right.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 258 AD

3.5 grams, 21.7 mm, 315°

RIC Vi 9, RSC 5, S10606, VM 1/3
1 commentsMatt Inglima
valeri12.jpg
Valérien Ier - ORIENS AVGG a 17 viewsVALERIANVS·P·F·AVG
ORIENS AVGG
(doublement du G pour le règne conjoint de Valérien Ier et de Gallien)
Sol courant vers l'Ouest
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 289
Göbl 868h
Eauze 1449
Elmer 11/13
PYL
valeri11.jpg
Valérien Ier - ORIENS AVGG a11 viewsVALERIANVS·P·F·AVG
ORIENS AVGG
(doublement du G pour le règne conjoint de Valérien Ier et de Gallien)
Sol courant vers l'Ouest
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 289
Göbl 868h
Eauze 1449
Elmer 11/13
PYL
Valerien_Ier_-_Oriens_2.JPG
Valérien Ier - ORIENS AVGG a10 viewsIMP VALERIANVS P AVG
ORIENS AVGG
(doublement du G pour le règne conjoint de Valérien Ier et de Gallien)
Sol courant vers l'Ouest
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 206
Göbl 868c
Eauze 1444
Elmer 5
PYL
Valerien_Ier_-_Oriens_1.JPG
Valérien Ier - ORIENS AVGG a6 viewsIMP VALERIANVS AVG
ORIENS AVGG
(doublement du G pour le règne conjoint de Valérien Ier et de Gallien)
Sol courant vers l'Ouest
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 214
Göbl 868e
Eauze 1447
Elmer 8
PYL
valeri13.jpg
Valérien Ier - ORIENS AVGG b11 viewsVALERIANVS·P·F·AVG
ORIENS AVGG
Sol debout saluant l'Ouest
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase a - printemps 257
Bourdel 290
Göbl ...
Eauze 1454
Elmer 75 var
PYL
Valérien_Ier_-_securit_perpet.JPG
Valérien Ier - SECVRIT PERPET9 viewsIMP VALERIANVS PIVS AVG
SECVRIT PERPET
Securitas (La Sécurité) debout à gauche, drapée, les jambes croisées, le bras gauche appuyé sur une colonne, tenant un sceptre long de la main droite
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase a - septembre 256
Bourdel 201
Göbl 669a
Eauze 1443
Elmer 3
PYL
Valerien_Ier_-_Securit_Perpet.JPG
Valérien Ier - SECVRIT PERPET11 viewsIMP VALERIANVS P AVG
SECVRIT PERPET
Securitas (La Sécurité) debout à gauche, drapée, les jambes croisées, le bras gauche appuyé sur une colonne, tenant un sceptre long de la main droite
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase b - septembre 256
Bourdel 209
Göbl 869c
Eauze 1445
Elmer 6
PYL
valérien_Ier_-_secvrit_perpet.JPG
Valérien Ier - SECVRIT PERPET9 viewsIMP VALERIANVS AVG
SECVRIT PERPET
Securitas (La Sécurité) debout à gauche, drapée, les jambes croisées, le bras gauche appuyé sur une colonne, tenant un sceptre long de la main droite
Cologne - 1ere Émission - phase c - septembre 256
Bourdel 217
Göbl 869e
Eauze 1448
Elmer 9
PYL
Valerien_Ier_-_securit_perpet~0.JPG
Valérien Ier - SECVRIT PERPET18 viewsVALERIANVS P F AVG
SECVRIT PERPET
Securitas (La Sécurité) debout à gauche, drapée, les jambes croisées, le bras gauche appuyé sur une colonne, tenant un sceptre long de la main droite
Cologne - 2e Émission - phase b - printemps 257
Bourdel 292
Göbl 869h
Eauze 1450
Elmer 12
PYL
Valerien_II_-_iovi_crescenti.jpg
Valérien II - IOVI CRESCENTI6 viewsVALERIANVS CAES
IOVI CRESCENTI
Zeus enfant sur le dos de sa nourrice la chèvre Amaltée
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 220a
Göbl 907e
Eauze 1523
Elmer 63/65
PYL
saloni15.jpg
Valérien II - IOVI CRESCENTI9 viewsVALERIANVS CAES
IOVI CRESCENTI
Zeus enfant sur le dos de sa nourrice la chèvre Amaltée
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 220a
Göbl 907e
Eauze 1523
Elmer 63/65
PYL
Valérien_II_-_Iovi_Crescenti.JPG
Valérien II - IOVI CRESCENTI14 viewsVALERIANVS CAES
IOVI CRESCENTI
Zeus enfant sur le dos de sa nourrice la chèvre Amaltée
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 220a
Göbl 907e
Eauze 1523
Elmer 63/65
PYL
Valerien_II_-_pietas.jpg
Valérien II - PIETAS AVGG9 viewsVALERIANVS CAES
PIETAS AVGG
Instruments pontificaux
Lituus, Secespita, Gutus, Simpulum, Aspergillum
Cologne - 1ere Émission - septembre 256
Bourdel 221
Göbl 908e
Eauze 1525
Elmer 64-66
PYL
coin90.JPG
Victorinus32 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG
PAX AVG
Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre

RIC V-2 Cologne 118, Cunetio hoard 2530, Elmer 682

1 commentsecoli
victornius3[1].jpg
Victorinus (269-270), RIC 114 Antoninianus, Cologne19 viewsObverse : IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse : INV-I-CTVS, Sol advancing left, holding whip and raising hand; on left field, star.
RIC 114; c 49. 270 CE. AE, 18 mm diam., 2.4 g
sold 2-2018
NORMAN K
invic2.jpg
Victorinus - Cologne mint14 viewsRyan C
Invic.jpg
Victorinus - Cologne mint Sear 11170 (leaf to right on reverse var.)19 viewsA coin of the Gallic usurper Victorinus...all I need is a Marius to complete my Gallic usurper collection........wish me luck.Ryan C
ARI-Victorinus-3.jpg
Victorinus AD 269 – 27112 viewsBI Double-Denarius – RIC V-2 Cologne 114

MS: Strike 5/5: Surface 4/5: Silvering

Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right

Rev.: INVICTVS, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field.

Marcus Piavonius Victorinus was emperor in the Gallic provinces from 269 to 271, following the brief reign of Marius. He was murdered by a jealous husband whose wife he tried to seduce.
Richard M10
Victorinus_Ant_.jpg
Victorinus AE Antoninianus.13 viewsIMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / INVICTVS, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field.
RIC V-2 Cologne 114; C 49, Elmer 683; Sear 11170.
18 mm / 2,35 gr
Antonivs Protti
Victorinus AEQVITAS AVG RIC 41.jpg
Victorinus AEQVITAS AVG RIC V/2 4167 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.26g.

Obverse: IMP C PI VICTORINVS AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing L with scales and cornucopia.

Cologne, Issue 1.

RIC V/2 41, Scarce.

Atypical bust commonly found on these very early issues, somtimes claimed to be 'Marius-like' or 'Bust of Marius'.
Robert_Brenchley
Victorinus.png
Victorinus Antoninianus - PAX AVG3 viewsVictorinus Antoninianus

Obverse:
IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse:
PAX AVG
Pax stg. l., holding olive-branch and transverse sceptre, V - * in field

Cologne (269 - 270AD)

RIC 117, C 83, Hunter 3
Harry G
Victorinus2_opt.jpg
VICTORINUS Antoninianus RIC 117, Pax20 viewsOBV: IMP (C PIA or PIAV VICTO)RINVS AVG, radiate draped bust right
REV: PA-X AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre; V in left field, star in right
3.2g, 23mm

Minted at Cologne, 269-70 AD
Legatus
Victorinus_opt.jpg
VICTORINUS Antoninianus RIC 57, Pietas22 viewsOBV: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right
REV: PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left sacrificing over altar
3.1g, 18mm

Minted at Cologne/Trier, 269-270 AD
Legatus
Victorinus1_opt.jpg
VICTORINUS Antoninianus RIC 67, Salus31 viewsOBV: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: SALV-S AVG, Salus standing right, holding snake she feeds out of patera in her right hand
2.7g, 20mm

Minted at Cologne, 269-70 AD

Legatus
Victorinus_5_opt.jpg
VICTORINUS Antoninianus RIC 67, Salus36 viewsOBV: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
REV: SALV-S AVG, Salus standing right, holding snake she feeds out of patera in her right hand


Minted at Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne), 269/70 AD
Legatus
vricvb57OR.jpg
Victorinus Antoninianus, RIC Vb 5733 viewsColonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, Victorinus Antoninianus, 268-270 A.D. Silvered AE, 21mm 2.88g, RIC Vb 57; AGK 16a; Cohen 90
Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right
Rev: PIETAS AVG, Pietas standing left sacrificing over altar

casata137ec
vic01_AR.jpg
Victorinus AR antoninianus33 viewsRIC 114 (3 gm, 20 mm).
Mint of Cologne, 270-71 AD.

This coin has a good lustrous silver.

INVICTVS SOL
1 commentsneander
Victorunus PROVIDENTIA AVG RIC 61.jpg
Victorinus PROVIDENTIA AVG RIC V/2 6134 viewsAnt, 20mm, 2.09g.

Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left with wand and ccornucopia. Globe at foot.

Cologne, Issue 5.

RIC V/2 61, Common.
Robert_Brenchley
VICTOR-1-ROMAN~0.jpg
Victorinus RIC V(2)-118 Cologne24 viewsAntoninianus
Cologne mint, 270-271 A.D.
22mm, 2.92g
RIC V(2)-118

Obverse:
IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG
Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse:
PAX AVG
* in Right field
V in left field
Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre.
rubadub
Victorinus SALVS AVG RIC 122.jpg
Victorinus SALVS AVG RIC V/2 12224 viewsAnt, 19mm, 2.19g.

Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate and Cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: SALVS AVG, Salus standing R feeding snake.

Cologne, Issue 2.

RIC V/2 122 , Common
Robert_Brenchley
Victorinus VICTORIA AVG RIC 75.jpg
Victorinus VICTORIA AVG RIC V/2 7552 viewsAnt, 20x22mm, 2.54g.

Obverse: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate & cuirassed bust R.

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory standing L with wreath and palm.

Cologne, Issue 4.

RIC V/2 75, Common
Robert_Brenchley
Victorinus_RIC_75.JPG
Victorinus, 269 - 271 AD22 viewsObv: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust of Victorinus facing right.

Rev: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding a wreath and a palm.

Billon Antoninianus, Cologne mint, 270 - 271 AD

4.5 grams, 20.76 mm, 0°

RIC Vii 75, S11184
SPQR Matt
victorinus_k.jpg
Victorinus, AD 269-2712 viewsBillon Antoninianus, 2.9g, 19mm, 6h; Cologne mint.
Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust to right.
Rev.: PAX AVG. Pax standing left, holding branch and sceptre. Star in right field.
Reference: RIC Vb 116 var. (116 has star in left field), p. 397
John Anthony
vict_salus_k.jpg
Victorinus, AD 269-2715 viewsBillon antoninianus, 20mm, 2.5g, 12h; Cologne mint.
Obv.: IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev.: SALVS AVG; Salus standing right, feeding serpent held in her arms.
Reference: RIC Vb 67, p. 393
From the YOC Collection
John Anthony
1vittorino_baia.jpg
Victorinus, Cologne mint, R/ VIRTVS AVG (Braithwell hoard)26 viewsVittorino (270-271 d.C.), antoniniano. Zecca di Colonia
AE, 2.838 gr, 18.6 mm, 0°. B (corrosioni)
D/ IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, busto radiato, drappeggiato e corazzato a dx
R/ VIRTVS AVG, Virtus stante a dx appoggiata su uno scudo e con lancia sulla dx
RIC V 78, SRCV III 11185, Cohen 131
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (4 aprile 2011, numero catalogo 129), ex FAC (Morehead City NC Usa, 2010); ex Antony Wilson collection (Yorkcoins, Londra-New York, 2007), ex CNG (Londra, 2007); ex Braithwell hoard (Braithwell, South Yorkshire Uk, 2002).
paolo
P4308954.jpg
Victorinus, Gallic Empire 268-270AD. AE19mm9 viewsVictorinus, Gallic Empire 268-270AD
Obv. IMP C VICTORINVS dot P dot F dot AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev. INVICTVS, Sol walking left, holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field.
Ref. RIC V-2 Cologne 114; C 49, Elmer 683; Sear 11170.
Lee S
Victorinus- Salus AVG.jpg
Victorinus- SALVS AVG398 viewsVictorinus, summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

Obverse:
Radiate cuirassed bust right

IMP: Imperator, leader of the army
C: Caes
VICTORINVS: Victorinus
P F: Pius Felix, Pious and happy
AVG: Augustus, emperor

Reverse:
SALVS AVG, the divine health

SALVS: Salus
AVG: Divine


Salus standing right feeding serpents in arms


Domination: Bronze antoninianus, AE 3, Size 19 mm.

Mint: Cologne mint, RIC 122, Zschucke 211 (7. emission, 1. officinae).
John Schou
victor.jpg
Victorinus; SALVS AVG5 viewsVictorinus 268-271 (Gallic empire), Antoninianus. Cologne Mint AD 270-271. Rev. SALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding snake rising from altar. 3.6 g, 21 mm. Sear RCV III: 11181. RIC 71. Cohen 118.Podiceps
4659_4660.jpg
Victorious, Antoninianus, INVICTVS7 viewsAE Antoninianus
Victorious
Augustus: 269 - 271AD
Issued: 269 - 271AD
12.5mm
O: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped bust, right.
R: INVICTVS; Sol, advancing left, raising hand and holding whip.
Exergue: (Star), left field.
Colonia Agrippinensis Mint
RIC V-2 Cologne 114; C 49; Elmer 683; Sear 11170.
Aorta: 130: B23, O8, R10, T45, M1.
lucernae 291077317723
2/17/14 3/6/17
Nicholas Z
4661_4662.jpg
Victorious, Antoninianus, INVICTVS6 viewsAE Antoninianus
Victorious
Augustus: 269 - 271AD
Issued: 269 - 271AD
20.0mm
O: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
R: INVICTVS; Sol advancing left, raising hand, holding whip.
Exergue: (Star), left field.
Colonia Agrippinensis Mint
RIC V-2 Cologne, 114; C, 49; Elmer 683; Sear 11170.
Aorta: 130: B23, O8, R12, T45, M1.
Josh Moran/CIVITAS Galleries
ANA Chicago 2013 3/6/17
Nicholas Z
Valerian_AR-Ant_ORIENS-AUGG_00.JPG
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - ORIENS AUGG - Sol Advancing left27 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Valerian I (253-260 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Lyons or Cologne Mint.

obv: VALERIANUVS P. F. AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol, radiate, advancing left holding whip and raising right hand.

Weight: 3.5 grams
Size: 24 mm
----

*Dots in obverse title;
Note in the obverse titles, the dots between, before and after the letters 'P' and 'F'.
-
5 commentsrexesq
Valerian_AR-Ant_ORIENS-AUGG_obv_04_rev_03.JPG
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - ORIENS AUGG - Sol Advancing left18 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Valerian I (253-260 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Lyons or Cologne Mint.

obv: VALERIANUVS P. F. AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol, radiate, advancing left holding whip and raising right hand.

Weight: 3.5 grams
Size: 24 mm
----
**Dots in obverse title;
Note in the obverse titles, the dots between, before and after the letters 'P' and 'F'.
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC05689_Valerian_AR-Ant_ORIENS-AUGG_obv_01_rev_01_DSC05703.JPG
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - ORIENS AUGG - Sol Advancing left10 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Valerian I (253-260 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Lyons or Cologne Mint.

obv: VALERIANUVS P. F. AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol, radiate, advancing left holding whip and raising right hand.

Weight: 3.5 grams
Size: 24 mm
----

*Dots in obverse title;
Note in the obverse titles, the dots between, before and after the letters 'P' and 'F'.
---
---
Note*Photo taken under bright light, making it look slightly different in coloration.
-
rexesq
Valerian_AR-Ant_ORIENS-AUGG_obv_04.jpg
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - ORIENS AUGG - Sol Advancing left - OBVERSE 019 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Valerian I (253-260 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Lyons or Cologne Mint.

obv: VALERIANUVS P. F. AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol, radiate, advancing left holding whip and raising right hand.

Weight: 3.5 grams
Size: 24 mm
----
**Dots in obverse title;
Note in the obverse titles, the dots between, before and after the letters 'P' and 'F'.
---
1 commentsrexesq
DSC05703_Valerian_AR-Ant_ORIENS-AUGG_rev_01.jpg
VII - Valerian Antoninianus - ORIENS AUGG - Sol Advancing left - REVERSE 0111 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Valerian I (253-260 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Lyons or Cologne Mint.

obv: VALERIANUVS P. F. AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: ORIENS AVGG - Sol, radiate, advancing left holding whip and raising right hand.

Weight: 3.5 grams
Size: 24 mm
----
**Dots in obverse title;
Note in the obverse titles, the dots between and after the letters 'P' and 'F'.
---
2 commentsrexesq
tetricus_I_ric_148.jpg
VIRTVS AVGG, RIC 1487 viewsTetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D . Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 148, SRCV III 11258, Cohen 207, F, Cologne mint, 2.117 grams, 18.9 mm, die axis 225o, obverse IMP C TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing left, spear in left, resting right on shield on ground; scarce; ex FORVMPodiceps
postumus_ar-ant_MONETA-AUG_02_o_25c_DSC02438.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta #02 - w/ 25c19 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus (260 - 269 AD), Ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' .
Silver Antoninianus.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

Size: 25 mm x 23 mm
Weight: 2.7 Grams
rexesq
postumus_ant_moneta_5_0grams_obv_07_rev_06.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta - 5.0 Grams - Heavy!21 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus, struck 262 - 265 at the Cologne Mint.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

5.0 Grams - HEAVY!! for the type.

RIC 315
2 commentsrexesq
Copy_of_postumus_ant_moneta_5_0grams_obv_06.jpg
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta - 5.0 Grams - Heavy!14 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus, struck 262 - 265 at the Cologne Mint.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

5.0 Grams - HEAVY!! for the type.

RIC 315
rexesq
postumus_ant_moneta_5_0grams_obv_03_rev_01.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta - 5.0 Grams - Heavy!19 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus, struck 262 - 265 at the Cologne Mint.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

5.0 Grams - HEAVY!! for the type.

RIC 315
2 commentsrexesq
postumus_ant_moneta_5_0grams_00.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta - 5.0 Grams - Heavy!.14 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus, struck 262 - 265 at the Cologne Mint.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

5.0 Grams - HEAVY!! for the type.

RIC 315
rexesq
postumus_ant_moneta_5_0grams_03.jpg
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - Moneta - 5.0 Grams - Heavy!..17 viewsAncient Rome
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus, struck 262 - 265 at the Cologne Mint.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS PF AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: MONETA AUG - Moneta standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopia.

5.0 Grams - HEAVY!! for the type.

RIC 315
--------

*NOTE: You can see just how large the flan on this particular coin is by comparison to the crappy certification company's slab! I will likely end up removing this coin from it's prison so the coin can breathe and I can hold it.
-------

*update: coin removed safely, no injuries or accidents, all well and coin safely transferred to a proper coin holding device and now rests amongst my other Roman coins.
---
-
rexesq
postumus_ar-ant_PAX-AUG_r_DSC02424.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - PAX AUG31 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS P F AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: PAX AUG - Pax standing holding an olive branch up in the air and holding a sceptre.

Size: 23 mm x 22 mm
Weight: 3.2 Grams
--
-
*High quality detail on reverse, very nice for the type!
rexesq
postumus_ar-ant_PAX-AUG_r_DSC02422.JPG
X - Postumus AR Antoninianus - PAX AUG83 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Postumus, ruler of the 'Gallic Empire' AD 260 - 269
Silver Antoninianus.

obv: IMP C POSTUMUS P F AUG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the front.
rev: PAX AUG - Pax standing holding an olive branch up in the air and holding a sceptre.

Size: 23 mm x 22 mm
Weight: 3.2 Grams
--
-
*High quality detail on reverse, very nice for the type!
rexesq
postume-iovivictori-4.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI6 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter de style 5
EG 123
CUNETIO 2468
RIC 311
ELMER 571
AGK 39
de Witte 130
Cohen 161
PYL
postume-iovivictori-3.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI10 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter de style 4
EG 123
CUNETIO 2468
RIC 311
ELMER 571
AGK 39
de Witte 130
Cohen 161
PYL
postume-iovivictori-2.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI9 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter de style 3
EG 123
CUNETIO 2468
RIC 311
ELMER 571
AGK 39
de Witte 130
Cohen 161
PYL
postume-iovivictori-1.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI7 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter de style 2
EG 123
CUNETIO 2468
RIC 311
ELMER 571
AGK 39
de Witte 130
Cohen 161
PYL
postume-iovivictori-0.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI15 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
Jupiter de style 1
EG 123
CUNETIO 2468
RIC 311
ELMER 571
AGK 39
de Witte 130
Cohen 161
PYL
POSTUME-iovivictori-CA-700px.jpg
x-1er Emission - 1er Phase - (fin 268) - Cologne - IOVI VICTORI CA12 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
IOVI VICTORI
C A
variante avec des lettres dans les champs
EG 122
CUNETIO 2467
RIC 311
ELMER 570
AGK 40
de Witte 131a
Cohen 163
PYL
postume-pmtrpxcosvpp_-_némesis.JPG
x-1er Emission - 2e Phase - (début 269) - Cologne - P M TR P X COS V P P25 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
P M TR P X COS V P P
EG 125
Cunetio ...
RIC 293
Elmer ...
AGK 68
Cohen ...
de Witte ...
PYL
postume-pmtrpxcosvpp_2.JPG
x-1er Emission - 2e Phase - (début 269) - Cologne - P M TR P X COS V P P18 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
P M TR P X COS V P P
EG 126
CUNETIO 2470
RIC 294
ELMER 596
AGK 67
de Witte 239
Cohen 286
PYL
postume-pmtrpxcosvpp.JPG
x-1er Emission - 2e Phase - (début 269) - Cologne - P M TR P X COS V P P12 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
P M TR P X COS V P P
EG 124
CUNETIO 2469
RIC 295
ELMER 595
AGK 66
de Witte 240
Cohen 285
PYL
postume-pmtrpxcosvpp_3.JPG
x-1er Emission - 2e Phase - (début 269) - Cologne - P M TR P X COS V P P15 viewsIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG
P M TR P X COS V P P
EG 126
CUNETIO 2470
RIC 294
ELMER 596
AGK 67
de Witte 239
Cohen 286
PYL
00valerianocabra~0~0.jpg
ZEUS and AMALTHEA447 viewsBI Antoninianus. Cologne 257-258 AD. 3,41 grs. Radiate and draped bust right. VALERIANVS CAES / Infant Jupiter seated facing on goat (Amalthea) standing right,his right hand raised. IOVI CRESCENTI.
RIC 3. RSC 26.
The myth.
"Rhea, when she was heavy with Zeus, went off to Krete and gave birth to him there in a cave on Mount Dikte. She put him in the care of both the Kouretes and the nymphs Adrasteia and Ide, daughters of Melisseus. These Nymphai nursed the baby with the milk of Amaltheia, while the armed Kouretes stood guard over him in the cave, banging their spears against their shields to prevent Kronos from hearing the infant’s voice." Pseudo-Apollodorus.
She gave the god milk, but snapped her horn on a tree and was severed from half her loveliness. The Nympha picked the horn up, ringed it with fresh herbs, and took it fruit-filled to Jupiter’s lips. When he controlled the sky and sat on his father’s throne and nothing surpasses unconquered Jove, he made stars of the nurse and the nurse’s fruitful horn, which bears even now its mistress’ name." Ovid.


benito
Valerian1RIC232.jpg
[1112a] Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.70 viewsSilver antoninianus, RIC 232, RSC 10, VF, worn die reverse, Mediolanum mint, 3.909g, 22.2mm, 180o, 257 A.D.; Obverse: IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: AETERNITATI AVGG, Sol standing left, raising right, globe in left; nice portrait, good silver for the reign. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University


P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.
Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright Richard D. Weigel, 2007. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian I was proclaimed emperor after the death of Trajan Decius. He successfully repulsed many barbarian incursions but the standard of living declined and would never recover. In 260 A.D., after four years of war during which Roman forces suffered great losses in battle and to plague, he arranged for peace talks. He set off with a small group to discuss terms with the Sassinian emperor Sapor and was never seen again. The date of his death is unknown, but in Rome it was rumored that he had been murdered and that Sapor was using his stuffed body as a footstool. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
GalllienusRIC163.jpg
[1113a] Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.72 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 163, RSC 72, choice EF, Rome mint, 3.716g, 21.6mm, 180o, 268 A.D.; Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; Reverse: APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur walking right drawing bow, Z in exergue; struck on a full and round flan, rare this nice. Commemorates vows to Apollo invoking his protection against the revolt of Aureolus. Ex FORVM.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Valerian (A.D. 253-260) and Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

Richard D. Weigel
Western Kentucky University


P. Licinius Valerianus, or Valerian, was unusual for his time period in that he was an emperor who came from an old Roman senatorial family. He was likely born shortly before 200 A.D., but little is known of his early life. Valerian married Egnatia Mariniana and had two sons, Gallienus and Valerian Junior. Gallienus was born around 218. Valerian makes his first appearance in the sources in 238 A.D. as an ex-consul and princeps senatus negotiating with (more likely than serving on) the embassy sent to Rome by Gordian I's African legions to secure senatorial approval of Gordian's rebellion against and replacement of Maximinus Thrax as emperor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae probably report accurately that Trajan Decius, on the recommendation of the Senate, offered Valerian the censorship in 251. Although the senatus consultum cited and the specific office are of doubtful authenticity, the high reputation Valerian possessed in the Senate and his association with the government under Decius probably are truthful aspects of the story. In 253 Valerian was apparently commanding in Raetia and Noricum when Trebonianus Gallus sent him to bring legions from Gaul and Germany to Italy for the struggle with the forces of Aemilianus. After Gallus' troops killed him and his son and joined Aemilianus, Valerian's men proclaimed their general emperor and their arrival in Italy caused Aemilianus' soldiers to desert and kill their commander and join Valerian's forces in acclaiming Valerian as emperor.

The Senate presumably was pleased to ratify the position of Valerian, one of their own, as emperor and they also accepted his son and colleague, P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, as Augustus, rather than just as Caesar. Valerian apparently realized the necessity of sharing power equally with his son and of dividing their efforts geographically, with Gallienus responsible for the West and Valerian himself concentrating on the East. The biographies of Valerian and Gallienus in the Scriptores Historiae Augustae, attributed to Trebellius Pollio, are not especially helpful in putting together an account of their joint reign. The life of Valerian is fragmentary and that of Gallienus projects an extremely biased negative interpretation of his career.

Gallienus in the early years of the joint reign concentrated, with some success, on protecting Gaul and the Rhine frontier by driving back Germanic tribes and fortifying cities such as Cologne and Trier. In a move which would characterize later diplomacy with Germans, Gallienus concluded an alliance with one of their chieftains, presumably to assist the Romans in protecting the empire from other Germanic tribes. The invasions increased in number around 257-258 as the Franks entered Gaul and Spain, destroying Tarraco (Tarragona), and the Alamanni invaded Italy. Gallienus defeated the Alamanni at Milan, but soon was faced with the revolts in Pannonia and Moesia led first by his general there, Ingenuus, and then by Regalianus, commander in Illyricum. Gallienus put down these rebellions by 260 and secured stability in the region by concluding an alliance with the Marcomannic king, whose daughter Pipa the emperor apparently accepted as his concubine although he was still married to Cornelia Salonina.

In the East, Valerian had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch in Syria from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. The Scriptores Historiae Augustae biography of Aurelian has Valerian appear to speak in the Baths at Byzantium to publicly commend Aurelian for his success in driving back the Goths and reward him with the consulship and even with adoption as imperial successor. However, it is not clear that Valerian even reached Byzantium because he sent Felix to that city while he remained to protect the eastern section of Asia Minor and then returned to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission.

Eusebius discusses the policy of Valerian toward the Christians and says that, after initially treating them most positively, Valerian was persuaded by Macrianus to lead another persecution against them. Valerian in fact after his brutal imprisonment and death in Persia would serve as a negative moral exemplum for some Latin Christian writers who gleefully pointed out that those who oppose the true God receive their just desserts.

Eusebius also credits Gallienus with reversing his father's policy and establishing peace with the Church, citing imperial edicts which established freedom of worship and even restored some lost property. Paul Keresztes claims that Gallienus in fact established a peace with Christians that lasted for forty-three years, from A.D. 260 until 303, and gave the community a kind of legal status which they had previously lacked.

Andreas Alföldi details a growing separation between Gallienus and his father which goes well beyond the geographical one which had developed out of military necessity. In addition to the strikingly different policies, just described, which they pursued toward the Christians, Gallienus began to make his military independence clear through changes in coin inscriptions and by 258 he had created his central cavalry unit and stationed it at Milan. This independent force, which was under the command of a man of equestrian rank and soon stood on a level at least equal to that of the Praetorian Guard, would play a significant role in Gallienus' upcoming battles and, of course, was a foretoken of a new trend for military organization in the future. Alföldi cites as evidence of the increasing separation between the joint emperors the statement that Gallienus did not even seek his father's return from captivity, which Lactantius of course interpreted as part of Valerian's divine punishment, but one wonders what indeed Gallienus might have done and his "indifference" may have been instead his attempt to reassert confidence in his armies and not dwell on the depressing and humiliating servitude and ultimate death of Valerian. Another reform which Alföldi discusses as part of Gallienus' independent stand is his exclusion of the senatorial class from major military commands. H.M.D. Parker credits Gallienus with beginning to separate the civil and military functions of Rome's provincial governors, thus making senatorial governors purely civil administrators and starting to replace them even in this reduced role by equestrians. The disappearance in this period of the S.C. stamp of senatorial authority on bronze coins was probably also seen as an attack on the prestige of the order, although the debasement of the silver coinage had by this time practically reached the point where the "silver" coins were themselves essentially bronze and the change may have been more for economic than for political reasons. Gallienus' exclusion of senators from military command further broke down class distinctions because sons of centurions were by this time regularly given equestrian rank and the move further accelerated the alienation of Rome as center of the Empire. In addition, the bitterness of the senatorial class over Gallienus' policy most likely explains the hatred of Latin writers toward this particular emperor.

Although Gallienus' military innovations may have made his forces more effective, he still had to face numerous challenges to his authority.In addition to systemic invasions and revolts, the plague wreaked havoc in Rome and Italy and probably in several provinces as well. It must have seemed that every commander he entrusted to solve a problem later used that authority to create another threat. When Gallienus was involved in putting down the revolt of Ingenuus in Pannonia, he put Postumus in charge of the armies guarding the Rhine and Gaul. There is some doubt about which of Gallienus' sons, Cornelius Valerianus or P. Cornelius Licinius Saloninus, was left in Cologne under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus and perhaps also Postumus. In any case, when Postumus revolted and proclaimed his independent Gallic Empire, Silvanus and one of the emperor's sons were killed. Gallienus probably restricted Postumus' expansion, but he never gained the personal revenge that, according to one source, drove him to challenge Postumus to single combat. While Gallienus was thus engaged, and after Valerian's capture by the Persians, Macrianus had his soldiers proclaim his sons, Macrianus and Quietus, emperors in Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Gallienus sent Aureolus to defeat Macrianus and one son in the area of Illyria and Thrace; Odenathus of Palmyra defeated the other son and restored stability in Syria and, with Gallienus' approval, followed that up with a victory over the Persians. After Odenathus' assassination ca. 267, his wife Zenobia continued to rule the independent Palmyrene section of the Empire.

In A.D. 262 Gallienus concluded his tenth year in office by celebrating in Rome his Decennalia with a spectacular procession involving senators, equestrians, gladiators, soldiers, representatives of foreign peoples, and many other groups. This festival included feasts, games, entertainment, and spectacle which probably reminded Romans of the millennial Secular Games celebrations of Philip I and likely were intended to secure popular support at home for Gallienus. Over the next five years little is known about specific activities of the emperor and he presumably spent more time in Rome and less along the frontiers.

Gallienus and Salonina as rulers patronized a cultural movement which collectively is known as the Gallienic Renaissance. The imperial patrons are most directly connected with the philosophical aspects of this movement because Porphyry testifies to their friendship for the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. Porphyry goes on to say that Plotinus asked Gallienus to rebuild an abandoned former city of philosophers in Campania, rename it Platonopolis, and govern it as a kind of Platonic Republic, but that the jealousy and spite of others at court scuttled the plan. In addition to Neoplatonic philosophy, according to Gervase Matthew, the Gallienic Renaissance included the "upward glance" and other stylistic changes in imperial sculpture and religious beliefs that were characterized by "an overwhelming sense of the transcendent and immutable." Matthew points out both the return to artistic models of Augustus, Hadrian, and even Severus Alexander and also "a new Romantic tension" which breaks with the past and points toward a new and very different world. The Hellenic character of much of the Gallienic Renaissance is also stressed in the emperor's trip to Athens where he, likely in imitation of Hadrian, became eponymous archon and received initiation into the Eleusinian cult of Demeter.

Late in his reign, Gallienus issued a series of coins in Rome which honored nine deities as Conservator Augusti or protector of the emperor by pairing his portrait with reverses picturing an animal or animals symbolic of each deity. Included in this group of celestial guardians are Apollo, Diana, Hercules, Jupiter, Juno, Liber Pater, Mercury, Neptune, and Sol. For example, Apollo's coin-types portray a centaur, a gryphon, or Pegasus; Hercules is represented by either the lion or the boar. It appears that Gallienus was issuing the "animal series" coins both to secure, through some religious festival, the aid of Rome's protective gods against continuing invasions, revolts, and plague and to entertain the Roman populace with pageantry and circus games, thus to divert their attention away from the same problems and maintain the security of the regime in power.

In A.D. 268, Gallienus saw his third son, Marinianus, become consul, but in the spring another Gothic invasion brought the emperor back to Greece. He defeated the invaders at Naissus in Moesia , but was deterred from pursuing them further by a revolt of the commander of his elite cavalry, Aureolus. He besieged this last rebel emperor in Milan, but a plot involving his Praetorian Prefect and two future emperors, Claudius and Aurelian, all three men Illyrians popular with many of the soldiers, lured Gallienus away from the city on a false pretext and assassinated him.The emperor's brother Valerian and young son Marinianus were also murdered. In spite of the bitter resentment which many of the senators must have felt toward the dead emperor and his reform policies, Claudius II, perhaps only to legitimize his own reign, persuaded the Senate to deify Gallienus.

Copyright (C) 1998, Richard D. Weigel. Published on De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/gallval.htm. Used by permission.


Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus was born in about AD 213. This means that he was about 40 years old when his father Valerian, in AD 253, was hailed emperor by his troops in Raetia. Gallienus was made Caesar immediately by his father. But within a month, when Valerian got to Rome, Gallienus received the rank of Augustus.

Compared to other Roman emperors of the age, Gallienus was an exception, as far as he was not a soldier-emperor. He was rather a thoughtful, intellectual ruler, possessing sophisticated Greek tastes. However, this made him deeply unpopular with the gritty Danubian generals, who very much understood it as their right to choose a leader among their own ranks to rule the empire.

If the Danubian military elite didn't like Gallienus, then he certainly soon proved that he was a capable military leader. Between AD 254 to AD 256 he campaigned along the Danube, securing this troubled frontier against the barbarians. In AD 256 he then moved west to fight the Germans along the Rhine.

Then by autumn AD 260 the message of Valerian's capture by the Persians reached Gallienus. If Gallienus had always been unpopular among the military leaders, then now with his father gone and Roman authority crumbling, rebellion was in the air.

On a night in September, AD 268, at the siege of Mediolanum (Milan), an alarm was suddenly raised in the camp of the emperor. In the brief moment of confusion, Gallienus was struck down in the dark as he emerged from his tent.

During his reign, Gallienus began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. In doing so, he perhaps saved the empire from oblivion. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers.

As a last gesture of disrespect to this, most unfortunate of emperors, the Romans should lay Gallienus to rest not in one of the great mausoleums in Rome, but in a tomb nine miles south of the capital, along the Via Appia.

Ironically, he was deified by the senate at the request of Claudius II Gothicus, one of the men who must be held accountable for the assassination of Gallienus.
See: http://www.roman-empire.net/decline/gallienus.html


Gallienus was the son of Valerian I and was named Caesar at his father's accession to the throne in 253 A.D. Upon his father's capture by the Parthians he assumed the rank of Augustus and began numerous reforms and military campaigns to defend the empire, as much from usurpers as from barbarians. At the same time he presided over perhaps the last flowering of classical Roman culture, patronizing poets, artists and philosophers. Gallienus was assassinated while besieging Milan. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
PostumusRIC93.jpg
[1200] Postumus, Summer 260--Spring 269 A.D.43 viewsBillon Antoninianus, RIC 93 Bust Type A. RSC 419. Weight, Size; VF; Obverse:– IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped bust right; Reverse:– VIRTVS AVG, Mars/Virtus, standing right, holding spear and resting on shield. Ex maridvnvm.

De Imperatoribus Romanis, An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Postumus (A.D. 260-269)

Michel Polfer
Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg

Postumus is the first emperor of the so-called "Gallic Empire", which lasted from his rebellion against Gallienus in 260 AD to the surrender of Tetricus I to the central emperor Aurelian in 274 AD.

In 260 AD, the general situation of the Empire was favorable to usurpations: Valerian I, father of and co-emperor with Gallienus, had been made prisoner by the Persian king Shapur I. The news shook the Empire and in the following months, the position of his heir Gallienus became very difficult, as he had to face rebellions in several parts of the Empire. While the inner situation was thus more than unstable, the barbarians, sensing the opportunity, poured across the northern frontier. The Franks entered into Gaul, devastating Germania Inferior and Belgica. Some Frankish warrior groups pressed on as far as Spain, where they destroyed Tarragona. The Alamanni broke through the lines in Germania superior and Raetia, overran the Agri Decumates, sacked the city of Aventicum and begun to extend their destructions to the interior of Gaul. Italy itself was exposed to them, as Gallienus had withdrawn most of the troops to fight the usurper Ingenuus on the Danube. After his victory over Ingenuus, Gallienus returned to Italy and was able to defeat the Germanic invaders at Milan in midsummer 260 AD. The resulting peace was short-lived, as a new rebellion on the Danube, led by Regalianus, and the great Sarmatic invasions of 260 exposed the northern frontier. Moreover, Gallienus had to face the revolt of Macrianus and Quietus in Egypt, which removed this important province from his control.

Thus, it is not surprising that Gallienus was unable to take swift and effective military actions, when - probably in the summer of 260 AD- an other usurper, M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus, rebelled on the Rhine frontier. The exact position of Postumus on the moment of the revolt is not known, but the context makes it clear that he was commanding troops on the Rhine frontier. The direct reason for his rebellion seems to have been a quarrel about booty taken from a barbarian raiding-party destroyed on its way home by Postumus and his soldiers. While Postumus had distributed the booty to his men, the praetorian prefect Silvanus ordered him to surrender the booty to himself and the Caesar Saloninus, the son of Gallienus, whom his father had left behind as his representative in the town of Cologne, under the guardianship of Silvanus. Postumus troops rebelled and proclaimed their commander imperator. They marched against and laid siege to Cologne. The garrison in the town was compelled to hand over Saloninus and Silvanus, both were put to death.

The area controlled by Postumus after his rebellion in 260 AD consisted of Germania Inferior and Germania Superior as well as of Raetia and the whole of Gaul (except for the southern parts of Lugdunensis and perhaps also Narbonensis). From 261 AD on, it also included Britain and the Spain. Neither he nor his successors made any attempt to extend the Gallic Empire further to the south or the east.

According to the literary sources at our disposal, the first "Gallic" emperor Postumus reigned well. They praise him for his military success against the Germanic invaders, thus crediting him with the restoration of the western provinces which had been on the verge of collapse. That Postumus undertook heavy fighting against Germanic tribes is also confirmed by his coinage and by the fact that he assumed -before the 10th of December 261 AD - the title of Germanicus maximus.

In 265 AD, the central emperor Gallienus tempted to crush the usurper, but twice failed to do so. On the first occasion, the fugitive Postumus owed his life only to the carelessness of Gallienus' cavalry commander Aureolus, on the second occasion, the emperor, besieging the usurper in a Gallic town, was wounded by an arrow and had to break of the assault. It seems that thereafter Gallienus made no other serious attempt to overcome this usurpation, devoting his attention to the political and military problems in the eastern part of the Roman empire.

He could do so, because Postumus took no actions at all to march on Rome. Right from the beginning of his usurpation, Postumus thus had made it clear that he had no intentions to make a bid for Rome, that his thoughts were only for Gaul. Even when in 268 AD Aureolus, the cavalry commander of Gallienus stationed in Milan - who had succeeded to recover Raetia for the central empire- entered into rebellion and declared himself for Postumus. Postumus did not take up the implied invitation to invade Italy, finally abandoning Aureolus to his fate.

But on the other hand there is no evidence at all to support the theory that he had the intention to create a separate "Galliarum Imperium." On the contrary: Postumus - ass well as his successors - avoided in his propaganda every hint to the limited extension of his reign. He put himself clearly in the tradition of the central Roman emperors, clearly underlining the universal claim of his rule, taking all the traditional titles of the Roman emperors, including those of pontifex maximus and pater patriae, proclaiming senators and nominating his own consuls. His coins show the same universal claims, giving preference to types like Roma aeterna or pacator orbis, to salus and fides.

By the end of 265 AD, Postumus' coins joyfully proclaimed his victory, the festivities celebrating his quinquennalia continued into the following year. But while the coinage of Postumus of the years 267-268 underlined the peace and prosperity brought to his reign by the guiding hand of the emperor, the sudden deterioration of his billon coinage in 268 AD shows that Postumus was facing more and more difficulties. It is very likely that his repeated refusal to march on Rome had disturbed many of his soldiers, since only his recognition of sole ruler of the Empire might have legitimized their rebellion of 260 AD and provided them with adequate reward for their support. So the debasement of 268 was probably occasioned by Postumus' need to buy the loyalty of his men, thus forcing him to mint beyond the silver supplies which the area under his control could provide. Nevertheless, he was able to celebrate in late 268 AD the commencement of his tenth year in power as well as his entry into his fifth consulship on 1st of January 269.

These festivities were cut short early in 269 AD by the rebellion of Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus at Moguntiacum (Mainz). There is no direct written or epigraphic evidence for the office Laelianus held at the time of his revolt against Postumus, but it seems most likely that he held an office in Germania Superior, either as legatus legionis XXII Primigenie or as governor of Germania Superior. His rebellion can be explained only on the grounds of a growing dissatisfaction of the troops of the Rhine-army with their commander in chief and emperor Postumus. How deep these tensions had become became apparent after the successful action against the usurper: no sooner had Postumus taken Moguntiacum and thus ended the ephemerous rebellion of Laelianus than he was murdered by his own troops for refusing them to sack the city. In his place, the troops raised to the purple a simple soldier, Marcus Arelius Marius, shortly afterwards killed and replaced by Marcus Piavonius Victorinus.

Copyright (C) 2000, Michel Polfer. Used by permission.
http://www.roman-emperors.org/postumus.htm


Postumus was an incredibly skilled general and administrator. Rebelling against Gallienus, Postumus succeeded in uniting Gaul, Spain and Britain into what was essentially an empire within an empire. Enjoying tremendous military success against the Germans, he kept his Gallic Empire secure and prosperous. In 268 A.D. he quickly destroyed the forces of the usurper Laelianus, but his refusal to allow his forces to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz, Germany) led to his assassination by disgruntled troops (Joseph Sermarini, FORVM).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

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Tetri.jpg
[1206] Tetricus I, mid 271 - spring 274 A.D. (Mainz or Trier)45 viewsBronze antoninianus, RIC 88, S 11239, aVF, Mainz or Trier, 2.151g, 18.0mm, 0o, 273 - 274 A.D.; obverse IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVGG, Laetitia standing left, wreath in right, anchor in left.


De Imperatoribus Romanis
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their Families

Tetricus (271-274 AD)

Michel Polfer
Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg

Of noble origin, C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus was the last emperor of the so-called imperium Galliarum. According to Eutropius (Eutrop. 9.10), he had senatorial rank and occupied the post of praeses provinciae Aquitaniae at the time when Victorinus was murdered at Cologne in early 271 AD. Through the influence of Victoria, the mother of Victorinus, who bribed the troops in his favour, Tetricus, although absent, was proclaimed emperor and took the purple near Burdigalia (Bordeaux) (Eutrop. 9.10) in spring of the same year.

Tetricus I was recognised as legitimate emperor in Gaul and Britain, but not in Spain. On his way from Burdigalia to Augusta Treverorum (Trier), he fought a successful campaign against Germanic hordes which had taken the opportunity offered by the murder of Victorinus to cross the Rhine frontier and to plunder. Installed in his capital only at the end of 271 AD, Tetricus I again had to engage the Germans early in the following year. At the end of this campaign, in late 272 AD, he returned to establish himself in Trier, which remained his capital until his overthrow by the emperor Aurelian. It was in Trier that he celebrated his entry into his second consulship on 1 January 273 and that he elevated, probably in late spring or early summer of the same year, his son Tetricus II to the rank of Caesar.

Tetricus I took no steps to extend the authority of his Gallic Empire beyond Gaul and Britain, thus leaving the initiative to the legitimate emperor Aurelian. While Aurelian was still campaigning in the East, Tetricus I was, however, able to restore the authority of the Gallic Empire in south-eastern Aquitania and western Narbonensis, which had since the reign of Claudius Gothicus been controlled by the Empire.

On his victorious return from the eastern part of the empire in 273 AD, Aurelian immediately set out for the reconquest of the western part of the Empire. Tetricus I and his son - who had spent late 273 and early 274 AD in Trier and had entered there upon their first joint consulship on 1 January 274 AD - had to move southwards to meet Aurelian and his army advancing into northern Gaul. The decisive battle took place in February or March 274 AD, near Châlons-sur-Marne. During the battle, Tetricus I and his son Tetricus II surrendered to Aurelian, while their troops, left to fend for themselves, continued to fight in despair, thus causing heavy losses on both sides.

According to some literary sources (SHA Tyr. Trig. 24. 3; Eutrop. 9.13.2; Aurel. Vict. 35.4), Tetricus I, wearied by the insubordination of his soldiers and facing the revolt of Faustinus, had previously offered to betray his army if Aurelian would come to his rescue, quoting Vergil in his letter to Aurelian: "eripe me his, invicte, malis" (Vergil, Aen. VI, 365). The victorious Aurelian spared the life of both Tetricus I and his son Tetricus II.

In spring of 274 AD, both Tetrici were put on display in Rome during Aurelian's triumph, but Aurelian kept his side of the bargain and pardoned them. Tetricus I was even given the office of corrector Lucaniae (Aurel. Vict. 35.5; Eutrop 9.13) and quietly ended his life in Italy, where he died at an advanced age at an unknown date (Eutrop. 9.13).

It is, however, likely that this account of the end of the Gallic Empire only reflects the position of the Aurelianic propaganda and it is therefore open to suspicion. There is good evidence to suggest that Tetricus I remained resolute and confident in his political and military strength to the last and did not betray his troops. After his military defeat at Châlons-sur-Marne and his subsequent humiliation, he would thus have owed his life not to his own previous treachery, but rather to Aurelian's need to establish and stabilise his own administration in the western part of the empire.

Copyright by Michel Polfer, Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg; published on De ImperatoribusRomanis, An Online Encyclopedia of the Roman Emperors and their Families; http://www.roman-emperors.org/tetrici.htm.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
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