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DenCServiliobis.jpg
50 viewsC. SERVILIVS M.f. Denarius. 136 BC. Gens SERVILIA - g. 3,8, mm. 20,5x19,7
Obv.:Winged, helmeted head of Roma right, surmounted by head of an eagle, wreath & * behind, ROMA below
Rev.: the Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, C SERVEILI M F in ex.
Cr239/1, Sear RCV 116.

2 commentsMaxentius
Arcadius-Constantinople- RIC 60-4.JPG
37 viewsAE3, Constantinople mint, 395-401 AD
Obverse: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCITI, Emperor standing facing in military uniform, being crowned from behind by Victory.
CONSB in exergue
RIC 60
17mm, 2.1gms.
Jerome Holderman
Quadrigato.jpg
77 viewsAnonymous AR Quadrigatus or Didrachm. 215-213 BC.
Obv.: Laureate, janiform head of the Dioscuri
Rev.: Jupiter right, holding scepter & hurling thunderbolt, in a quadriga driven by Victory, ROMA below in a tablet.
Grs. 5,7 mm. 19,5x20,9
Craw. 29/3, Sear RCV 32

1 commentsMaxentius
DenLMarcioCensorinobis.jpg
20 viewsDenarius - 82 BC.
L. MARCIVS CENSORINVS - Gens Marcia
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right
Rev.: L CENSOR, the satyr Marsyas, standing left with wineskin over shoulder; behind him, column surmounted by Victory.
Gs. 3,7 mm. 18,3
Craw. 363/1d, Sear RCV 281

Maxentius
DenCnCornelioBlasio.jpg
26 viewsDenarius, 112/111 B.C. Rome Mint
CN. CORNELIVS CN.F. BLASIO - Gens Cornelia
Obv.:Mars, helmeted, right (or Scipio Africanus), CN. BLASIO CN.F. before (var. N retrograde), bucranium behind. XVI (in monogram) above
Rev.: Juno, Jupiter being crowned by Minerva; letter Θ in field, ROMA in ex.
Gs. 3,25 mm. 20,6x18,4
Crawford 296/1c, Sear RCV 173, Grueber 626



Maxentius
DenPPorcioLaeca.jpg
22 viewsDenarius -110-109 BC. - Rome mint
P. PORCIVS LAECA - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; P LĆCA behind; ROMA above; X under the chin
Rev.: Roman soldier standing left, placing his hand on head of a citizen, lictor standing behind; PROVOCO in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,68x16,90
Crawf. 301/1, Sear RCV 178
It refers to Lex Porcia de provocatione, by which a citizen could appeal against military sentences


Maxentius
DenMPorcioLaeca.jpg
31 viewsDenarius - 125 BC. - Rome (or in Italy) mint
M. PORCIVS LAECA - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, LAECA behind
Rev.: Libertas in quadriga right with pileus, crowned by Victory, M PORC below, ROMA in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 17,79x17,35
Crawf. 270/1, Sear RCV 146

Maxentius
DenGiunioBruto.jpg
56 viewsDenarius - 54 BC. - Mint of Rome
MARCVS IUNIVS BRVTVS - Gens Iunia
Obv.: Head of Libertas right. LIBERTAS behind
Rev.: Consul L. Junius Brutus, between two lictors, preceeded by accensus, all walking left, BRVTVS in ex.
Gs. 3,5 mm. 20,73x18,56
Crawf. 433/1, Sear RCV 397, Grueber 3861.

1 commentsMaxentius
DenManlioTorquatoLSilla.jpg
87 viewsDenarius - 82 BC. - Mint moving with Sulla
L. MANLIVS TORQVATVS & L. CORNELIVS SVLLA - Gens Manlia & Cornelia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right, PROQ behind; L MANLI T (T in horizontal position) before.
Rev.: Triumphator in quadriga right, crowned by flying Victory, L SVLLA IMP in ex.
Gs. 4,1 mm. 17,86x18,26
Crawf. 367/3, Sear RCV 287, Grueber II (East) 13

On the coins of this Sulla's issue, there is one of the best stylistic depictions of Rome's head
2 commentsMaxentius
IMG_7008.jpg
45 viewsprobably a Byzantine trachy of the Latin occupation (1204-1261). Obv: Bust of Christ. Rev: Standing emperor holding scepter cruciger and globus cruciger. Dumbarton Oaks Vol IV, pl. XLIX, 4, and Sear 2024.+Alexios
justinian_M7.JPG
143 viewsFollis, 527-537, Nicomedia, 2nd officina, 29mm, 16.1g, green patina.vercingetorix
coin409.jpg
83 viewsSear Byzantine Coins and their Values # sb1760
Romanus I. 920-944 AD. Ć Follis. Constantinople
mint. Crowned facing bust, holding sceptre and
globus cruciger / +RWMA /N EN QEW bA SILE
VS RW/MAIWN. Coin #409
cars100
coin412.jpg
40 viewsAnonymous Class C Follis, attributed to Michael IV.
Obverse: +EMMANOVHA. Christ Antiphonetes,
nimbate, standing facing / IC-XC-NI-KA divided by
jewelled cross. Coin #412

cars100
coin160.jpg
30 views37-44 AD, Prutah, , Year 6=41/42 AD, 3.19g.
Hendin-553. Obv: Umbrella-like canopy with fringes
Rx: Three ears of barley, flanked by date. . Coin #160

1 commentscars100
coin159.jpg
14 views37-44 AD, Prutah, , Year 6=41/42 AD, 3.19g.
Hendin-553. Obv: Umbrella-like canopy with fringes
Rx: Three ears of barley, flanked by date. . Coin #159
cars100
26531q00.jpg
100 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Prieur 720 (1 example), SNG Paris 2331, Weber -, VF, 13.043g, 26.9mm, 180o, Aegeae mint, 132 - 133 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIS TRAIA ADRIANO SEB P P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOUS •QOR• AIGEAIWN, eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, goat in ex; rare;

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

ex FORVM
dealer's picture
1 commentsareich
heller.jpg
415 viewsGerman states, Hesse-Cassel Friedrich Wilhelm 1847 - 1866 A.D. Crowned German coat of arms, 360 EINEN THALER / 1 HELLER 1866 surrounded by leged: KURHESSISCHE SCHEIDE MUNZE. KM 613 Helleroneill6217
Pella.jpg
36 viewsMacedonia, Pella AE21. 158-149 BC. Bust of Pan / Athena Alkidemos advancing right. Ref.Sear 1445

( I was given this coin as a bonus by an experienced collector / dealer, to attempt electrolysis on, he had been attempting to clean it with conventional methods for 1˝ years, however it remained a nugget... I know some members will object, but 10 minuets in the bath of evil, and the crust just flaked off revealing a pretty and detailed coin!!! How I wish it was always so easy!!)
Lee S
Byzantine_follis.JPG
223 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
112~0.JPG
96 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
Philip_1_Lion_Ruby_A.jpg
68 viewsPHILIP I, AD 244-249, AR Antoninianus minted at Rome,
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, cuirassed and draped bust right of Philip I
Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG Lion walking right I in exergue. 22.5mm. RIC 12; C. 173.
Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1045.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex. Dr. Paul Rynearson

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $65.00.
paul1888
Roma_front_ionic_column_back_B_.jpg
51 viewsC. Augurinus, ca 135 B.C., Denarius.
Obverse: Roam right, X beneath chin.
Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue flanked by togate and grain ears.
EX: Laurion Numismatics Winter 1992 fixed price list - the first coin I purchased from a fixed price list.
3 commentspaul1888
philip_I_on_horseback_sept.jpg
82 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
Philip_I_elephant_and_rider.jpg
73 viewsPhilip I. AD 244-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.47 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 249. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand. RIC IV 58; RSC 17.

Coin and photo Ex:CNG
2 commentspaul1888
britannicus01.jpg
45 viewsAE sestertius. Struck under Claudius, circa 50-54 AD, uncertain eastern provincial mint located in the modern-day Balkans.
Obv : TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG F BRITANNICVS, draped bust left.
Rev : - No legend, Mars advancing left, holding spear and shield, SC in fields. 35mm, 19.4g. Extremely Rare.

Ref : BMCRE 226
Cohen 2
RCV 1908, valued at $32,000 in Fine, which is a few multiples greater than any other sestertius issued during the several centuries the denomination was in use.
A large number of the surviving examples of this series (one may even suggest a majority of them), due to their rarity, have been subjected to modern alteration techniques such as smoothing, tooling, and repatination. As such, it's actually pleasant to see a bit of field roughness and a 'plain brown' patina of old copper on this example, evidence that it is just as ugly as it was the day it was last used in circulation back in Ancient Rome.
Britannicus, originally known as Germanicus after Claudius' older brother, was the emperor's original intended heir and natural son. Machinations by Agrippina II eventually saw Britannicus supplanted by her own son Nero, (by Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) who took the throne upon Claudius' suspicious death. Britannicus himself died a few years later, reportedly poisoned by his step-brother. The future emperor Titus and Britannicus were close friends, and Titus became quite ill and nearly died after eating from the same poisoned dish that killed Britannicus.
R. Smits, Numismatist for Numismall
Tetricus_I_concordia2.jpg
31 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM
IMP TE[TRIC]VS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONCORD[IA MI]LITVM, Concordia standing left with patera an cornucopia, standard behind
Normanby -
Weight 3.62g

A previously unknown issue which links typologically to Tetricus CONCORDIA AVG issues (Mint I) and FIDES MILITVM issues (Mint II) and Domitianus' CONCORDIA MILITVM type (Mint II).
Adrianus
Fujino-02.JPG
206 viewsA 15 tray cabinet purchased by a collector in Tokyo, Japan.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
Balck_and_blue_neckless.jpg
35 viewsROMAN BLUE & BLACK GLASS BEADS
Specifications: •Date: C, 5th-8th century AD, late Roman early Byzantine
•Size: 4 mm to 13 mm
•Condition: Nice selection of blue and black beads

Antonivs Protti
lot_9_Byzantine_en_bronze_-_tetarterons.jpg
28 viewsAntonivs Protti
argolis_wolf_weber.jpg
57 viewsPeloponnesos. Argolis, Argos. Triobol. Wolf. Weber Plate Coin.

Date: c. 90-50 B.C.
Denomination: AR Triobol.
Diameter: 15 mm.
Weight: 2.29 grams.
Obverse: Forepart of wolf at bay left.
Reverse: Large A; below, eagle standing right; within shallow incuse.
Reference: Weber 4192 (this coin). BCD Peloponnesos 1177. BMC 114.

Ex: Sir Hermann Weber Collection, Ex: Spink 1888

Published: Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber MD, 1823-1918, Described Volume II, page 476, pictured on plate 154, #4192

Link to Plate 154: http://people.virginia.edu/~jdk3t/WeberPlates/Weber154.html

1 commentspaul1888
Otacilia_hippo.jpg
62 viewsOtacilia Severa, wife of Philip I (A.D. 244-249), Silver Antoninianus, Rome mint, fourth officina, A.D. 248, diademed draped bust of Otacilia right, on crescent, OTACIL SEVERA AVG, rev., SAECVLARES AVGG, hippopotamus standing right, IIII in exergue, (RCV 9160; RIC 116b),

Ex Superior Ruby Part 2 Sale, June 17 through 22, 1974, lot 1048.
Ex. Dr. Charles L. Ruby Collection
Ex: Dr. Paul Rynearson
Ex: Kirk Davis Catalog of Ancient Coins, No. 61, Lot 84

Note: The Ruby collection was purchase in 1971 by Superior Galleries for $1,000,000 and sold in three auctions. This coin was sold in auction two of the three auctions. This coin is pictured in the catalog and sold for $95.00.
1 commentspaul1888
byzantine_falter.jpg
15 viewsareich
Thrace_Thasos_satyr_amphora.jpg
51 viewsIslands of Thrace, Thasos
411-350BC, Trihemiobol. Obv. Kneeling Satyr with cup, Rev.ΘAΣ / IΩN - Amphora
Seaby 1755 , BMC. 3. 53-56
Lee S
Unid__Byz_Follis_1.jpg
8 viewsSosius
Frankreich_France_Napoleon_III__10_Centimes_1855_D_Lyon_Adler.jpg
27 views
Frankreich

Napoleon III. 1852-1870

10 Centimes

1855 D

Münzstätte: Lyon

Vs.: Napoleon III. nach links im Perlkreis

Rs.: Adler auf Bündel im Pelkreis

Erhaltung: Fast sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

30 mm, 9,47 g _694
Antonivs Protti
Habsburg_RDR_Taler_1780_Maria_Theresia_Polierte_Platte.jpg
31 viewsRömisch Deutsches Reich

Haus Habsburg

Maria Theresia, 1740-1780

Taler 1780 (Silber)

Vs.: Büste nach rechts

Rs.: Gekrönter Doppeladler

Gewicht: 28,2g

Durchmesser: 41,5mm

Erhaltung: fein getönt, Polierte Platte-

Posthume Prägung aus den 1970er Jahren, vorallem hergestellt für den Export in die USA _2691
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_10_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
9 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

10 Milliemes

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Rand: Geriffelt

Erhaltung: Stempelglanz

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

20 mm, 3,22 g _598
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_5_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Nickel_Messing.jpg
8 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

5 Milliemes

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Erhaltung: Etwas fleckig, ansonsten Stempelglanz

Metall: Nickel-Messing

19-20 mm, 2,52 g _898
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_2_Milliemes_1952_Krone_Kranz_Bronze.jpg
11 views

Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

2 Milliemes

AD 1952

Vs.: König Idris I. n. r.

Rs.: Nominal über Jahr, das Ganze im Kranz, oben Krone

Rand: Glatt

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

24 mm, 6,08 g _396
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_1_Millieme_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Nickel_Messing.jpg
12 views
Libyen

Idris I. 1951-1969

1 Millieme

AD 1965 / AH 1385

Vs.: Arabische Schrift über Wappen, unten Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz, darunter Nominal auf Englisch im Bogen

Rand: Glatt

Erhaltung: Etwas fleckig, ansonsten fast Stempelglanz / Stempelglanz

Metall: Nickel-Messing

16 mm, 1,77 g _593
Antonivs Protti
Niederlande_Wilhelmina_1_Cent_1914_Utrecht_Löwe_Bronze.jpg
21 views
Niederlande

Wilhelmina 1890-1948

1 Cent

1914

Münzstätte: Utrecht

Vs.: Löwe mit Schwert und Pfeilbündel n. l., das Ganze im Perlkreis

Rs.: Nominal im Kranz

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

Metall: Bronze

19 mm, 2,44 g _190
Antonivs Protti
Libyen_Idris_I_50_Milliemes_AD_1965_AH_1385_Wappen_Kranz_Kupfer_Nickel.jpg
10 views
Ägypten

20 Piaster

AD 1980 / AH 1400

Vs.: Oben arabische Schrift im Bogen, im Feld Nominal, unten Verzierung, links und rechts Jahreszahlen

Rs.: Falke

Literatur: KM# 507

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: Kupfer-Nickel

30 mm, 9,98 g _1198
Antonivs Protti
POLEN_KRAKAU_Schilling_1666_Johann_Kasimir_Büste_Reiter.jpg
14 viewsPolen

Johann Kasimir (1649-1668)

1666 (?)

Schilling (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Krakau (?)

Vs: Büste nach rechts. Umschrift: "IOAN CAS REX"

Rs: Reiter nach rechts. Umschrift: "SOLI..... 1666"

Gewicht: 1,0g

Durchmesser: 14 mm

Erhaltung: schön _299
Antonivs Protti
RDR_Österreich_Böhmen_Maria_Theresia_1_Kreutzer_1761_P_Prag_Kartusche.jpg
17 views
Österreich

Böhmen

Maria Theresia 1740-1780

1 Kreutzer

1761 P

Münzstätte: Prag

Vs.: Büste von Maria Theresia n. r.

Rs.: Nominal über Jahr und Prägestättenbuchstabe, das Ganze in Kartusche

Literatur: Herinek 1607

Erhaltung: Vorzüglich

Metall: Kupfer

24-25 mm, 9,43 g 1999
Antonivs Protti
Spanien_Spain_Isabel_II_8_Maravedis_1845_Segovia_Löwe_Burg_Wappen_Kupfer.jpg
15 views
Spanien

Isabel II. 1833-1868

8 Maravedis

1845

Münzstätte: Segovia

Vs.: Büste n. r., darunter Jahreszahl

Rs.: Wappen im Feld, vier Lilien ins Kreuz gestellt, in den Winkeln Wappen von Kastilien und Leon

Erhaltung: Sehr schön / schön

Metall: Kupfer

28 mm, 9,50 g _490
Antonivs Protti
faustina_I_ric_III_1161.jpg
20 viewsFAUSTINA I
AE As
26.5mm, 14.2 grams

OBV: DIVA FAVSTINA, Faustina head right.
REV: AETERNITAS, Pietas standing left by alter, raising right hand and holding box of incense.
S-C in field
RIC- III- 1161
ziggy9
severus_alexander_ric_IVb_409.jpg
29 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE As 233 A.D.
26.1 mm, 11.9 grams
OBV: IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped bust right.
REV: PONTIF M TR P II COS P P, Securitas seated left, by lighted alter, holding scepter and supporting her head on left hand.
S-C under.
RIC- IVb- 409
ziggy9
ANTLEGXV.jpg
72 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint

32-31BC

Patrae mint

3.16g


32-31BC

The XV is there, much easier to see in hand.

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4
2014-051-1_ProbusAdventusAvg_Shield.jpg
18 viewsShield detail showing Emperor on horseback right surrounded by soldiers carrying shields.gordian_guy
Moore_03.JPG
179 viewsA 15 tray cabinet ordered as a surprise Valentine's Day gift.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Philip_I_on_horseback_a.jpg
48 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
1 commentspaul1888
cwglassweight_20mm_5_72g.JPG
41 viewsByzantine glass coin weight
Monogram of Anastasius
20mm
5.72g
Bendall.64
wileyc
Filer_01.JPG
175 viewsA special smaller coin box I built for a collector. The box measures about 8.5" wide by 9" deep by 5" tall. It contains 6 thicker trays with slightly deeper recesses.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
AJB_92.JPG
164 viewsA cabinet I built for a collector, featuring 18 trays and locking doors.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
xBS_01.jpg
145 viewsAn example of a cabinet built for a collector, and friend of mine.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
JL-1b.JPG
137 views12 tray cabinet

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Sue_01.JPG
115 viewsA little six tray "mini-cabinet" built for a collector to display her collection of Lincoln cents....plus a few larger spaces to hold some Native American arrowheads.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
PICT0242.JPG
118 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with doors. This was one of five cabinets I built for this collector to house his collection of ancient electrum and gold.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Eion.jpg
73 viewsMacedon, Eion, trihemiobol, 5th century BC, goose standing right, head looking back; above, lizard, rev., quadripartite incuse square, 0.77g

Boston 610; K. Regling, Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 ; SNG ANS 274ff.

Provenance:
Ex: Morton and Eden Ltd, In association with Sotheby’s; A Collection of Exceptional Greek Coins, Catalog 51, Monday, October 24, 2011, lot 85
Ex: Numismatic Fine Arts VIII, 6 June 1980, lot 97
Ex: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Collection (accession number 04.667). Published: Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1955; 610 (this coin),
Ex: Edward Perry Warren collection; Published: Die Griechischen Munzen der Sammlung Warren, Berlin, 1906, 569 (this coin).
Ex: Canon Greenwell Collection


Note: Cannon Greenwell, a well-known Durham antiquarian, sold for Ł11.000 |$55.000) his fine collection of Greek coins to Edward Perry Warren in 1901.
Source: Los Angeles Herald, Volume XXVIII, Number 323, 19 August 1901, Page 7
4 commentspaul1888
XP_004.JPG
123 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with locking doors, built to hold a collection of ancients.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Marcus_Aurelius_denarius.jpg
47 viewsMarcus Aurelius. Silver Denarius (3.62 g), as Caesar, AD 138-161. Rome, under Antoninus Pius, AD 148/9. AVRELIVS CA-ESAR AVG PII F, bare head of Marcus Aurelius right. Reverse: TR POT III COS II, Minerva standing right, holding inverted spear and grounded shield. RIC 444; BMC 683; RSC 618. Ex: Seaby Coin and Medal Bulletin, October 1975, lot A-805.1 commentspaul1888
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
stuff-01.jpg
13 viewsMassachusetts Treasury Loan Certificate Ł15 June 1, 1780 MA-8
This certificate is listed as MA-8 in Anderson's The Price of Liberty. It bears the Sword in Hand vignette encircled by a rattlesnake. Anderson rates this piece as a low R7, indicating only 7 to 12 examples are known.
1 commentsSpongeBob
100_1889_crop.JPG
171 viewsHere is an example of a cabinet showing three different available styles of trays for storage. At the top is a standard round recess type tray....very traditional.

In the middle is an open format tray for displaying items "free form", or for items of unusual sizes/shapes such as large medals, military decorations or pocket watches.

On the bottom is a new offering; a drawer for slabs. Each drawer can hold 30 slabs from any of the three major slabbing firms; PCGS, NCG, or ANACS. Other commercial, or "DIY" slabs should also fit, provided they are no larger than any from the "big three" firms.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
IMG_2767.JPG
29 viewsAE Onkia, 2.11 g, Sicily, Panormos, ca. 415-380 B.C. Obv: Forepart of Man-headed bull facing left, possibly ear of corn above or simply an encrustation divided from the man-faced bull by the tooler, in which case SYS should be above. Rev: Horse trotting right, ear of corn above. Calciati I, 272, no. 11. Hoover HGC 2, 1062 (this coin); Giuseppe Bucetti "Monete, Storia e topografia della Sicilia Greca," p. 344 (this coin); MSP I, 48b (this coin illustrated).

Definite tooling around the major devices, on the legs and back. Face apparently untouched though field in front has been smoothed.

Ex. Dr. Busso-Peus, Auction 386, No. 108 (unsold). Tooled.
2 commentsMolinari
30599.jpg
28 viewsanonymous (attributed to Alexius I). Ca. 1081-1118. AE follis (25.96 mm, 5.26 g, 12 h). anonymous class J. Constantinople mint. Facing bust of Christ, cross behind his head with 5 pellets in each limb; wearing pallium and colobium; raising hand and holding book of Gospels; / IC - C / XC / Crosss with globule and two pellets at each extremity; beneath, large crescent; around, four globules, each surrounded by pellets. SBCV 1900. Overstruck on a class I anonymous follis SBCV 1889 1 commentsQuant.Geek
0123_001.jpg
22 viewsIndian Mughal, original miniature painting with illuminated borders painted on the reverse of an unrelated original 18th Century Persian manuscript with mentions of Mahadev (Shiva), Parvati, daughter of Himalaya and Byas. The folio script is about Byas begot Singh and Singh upbringing, suggesting Persian Abd al-Rahman Chishtis at Al-makhlukat (1631-32), which includes Islamic and Sanskrit sacred Parana - Ramayana and Mahabharata (Persian - Razm-nama) - the story of creation.Quant.Geek
Album-1827_3.jpg
18 viewsISLAMIC, Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk). Artuqids (Mardin). Najm al-Din Alpi. AH 547-572 / AD 1152-1176. Ć Dirham (33mm, 17.13 g, 9h). Unlisted (Mardin[?]) mint. Undated issue. Diademed and draped male busts, vis-ŕ-vis; laqabs of Najm al-Din Alpi above and below; tamgha to lower left / Byzantine emperor standing facing being crowned by the Theotokos standing facing; genealogy of Najm al-Din Alpi around. Whelan Type II, 40-41; S&S Type 28; Album 1827.3; ICV 1201.
1 commentsQuant.Geek
combined.jpg
58 viewsAn 8 tray cabinet with 15 inch wide trays capable of holding items up to 1/2" thick. Built for a collector to house a collection of medals, he also requested brass carrying handles.


CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Roman_Lamp.jpg
31 viewsRoman Lug-Handled Lamp
ca. 5th to 6th Century BC. Provenance: Purchased by Dr. Arthur F. Bissell in Rome in 1872 gifted to Toledo Museum of Art in 1912 Accession no. 1912.1258. H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm); Diam. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm).
paul1888
Sear-2365.jpg
8 viewsAndronicus II Palaeologus. 1282-1328. Ć Trachy (23.5mm, 1.09 g, 6h). Class VIII. Thessalonica mint. Six-petaled flower / Half-length facing figures of Michael, holding [cruciform scepter], and St. Demetrius, holding spear, holding between them a staff surmounted by cross within ring. DOC 736-9; SB 2365. VF, dark green and brown patina.


From the Iconodule Collection.
Quant.Geek
100_2605.JPG
60 viewsA 15 tray cabinet with extra wide (15") trays lined with red felt. Each tray can hold an item up to 1/2 inch thick...perfect for medals or other over-sized items.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
32 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
Album-3517_2.jpg
8 viewsARAB-BYZANTINE: Standing Emperor, ca. 680s, AE fals, Dimashq, A-3517.2, bird on T left, mint name in Greek to right / anchor above and downward crescent below M, Arabic duriba / dimashq / ja'iz around
Dim: 4.35g, 6 h
Quant.Geek
Sear-1966.jpg
24 viewsManuel I Comnenus. 1143-1180. BI Aspron Trachy (30mm, 2.62 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck 1167-1183(?). Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing; star to either side / Manuel standing facing, wearing loros, being crowned by the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing left. DOC 13d; SB 1966Quant.Geek
REVERSESl.jpg
123 viewsThis "Otho" with "VÍCTORIA PR" reverse is an ingenious fabrication created by the famous forger "Tardani". He had obviously realized that there were a few VICTORIA OTHONIS dies recut from Galba's VICTORIA PR dies and created this fictitious but possible coin with copies of real dies. I used to have this coin and another with the same dies is in the Berlin coin cabinet. Both are overweight, around 3.9 gr. It took some time to find a Galba minted with this particular reverse die but finally I succeeded. The final proof is seen in this coin, there are a few regions were the die has broken, ie before the die ever could have been used for an Otho coin. The coin is quite convincing because of the dies, but the surfaces were a bit strange and the legends unusual in profile.jmuona
combined~0.jpg
32 viewsHere are two views of a 10 tray cabinet I built for a collector in Singapore. I absolutely love the grain pattern!!

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
100_3660.jpg
23 viewsAn 18 tray cabinet with brushed nickel finish hardware and locking doors. The collector specifically requested no felts in the trays, as he was going to look into a custom material for lining them.

CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
Oliver_Cromwell_by_Samuel_Cooper.jpg
6 views*Alex
Trajan.jpg
59 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
merged.jpg
31 viewsHere is my most recent project, both for the same collector. There are two separate cabinets, one containing 5 drawers each capable of holding 60 slabs. The other was a 45 tray cabinet with a variety of tray configurations, with a total capacity of over 2,200 raw coins. They were shipped in four boxes weighing approximately 215 pounds, total. (The pictures were taken in slightly different lighting conditions, which tends to make them look different in color, but they actually matched quite well.)

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
1 commentscmcdon0923
6018D6F3-BC04-41A9-A906-DC5E1ACA59E5.jpeg
4 viewsROMAN EMPIRE. Philip I. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus (3.97 gm; 26mm x 23mm). Rome mint. Struck 248 AD. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Antelope advancing left; VI in exergue. RIC IV 21; RSC 189. Secular games issue.

This is an impressive example with sharp details, artistic dies and a large flan! Example of this quality are hard to come by!
paul1888
pius967.jpg
Antoninius Pius, RIC II 967, 138-161 CE18 views
Antoninius Pius AE Sestertius
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right.
Reverse: TR POT XX COS III S C, Securitas seated on chair formed by two cornucopia, holding sceptre and resting left arm on the top of one of the cornucopia.
30.5 mm., 21.7 g.
NORMAN K
Claudius_Bosporus.jpg
5 Claudius and Agrippina27 viewsCLAUDIUS AND AGRIPPINA
Ć As, Bosporus (23mm, 6g)
Minted circa 50–54 AD by King Kotys I (46 – 63 AD)

TI KLAVDIOV KAICAPOC; Head of Claudius r.; "IB" below / IOVLIAN AGRIPPINAN CEBACTHN; Head of Agrippina l.; monogram "BAK" in field to l.

Anokhin # 348
RI0025
1 commentsSosius
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex53 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
rjb_car_844.jpg
88cf118 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “MARS VICTOR”
Mars walking right holding spear with trophy over shoulder
Unmarked mint
-/-//[III]
RIC - (cf 88 & 844)
Reverse die duplicate of Normanby Hoard 1582 and 1583. Its is evident from the form of the mint mark (off flan on this specimen) that the die engraver was copying the reverse of a Lyon mint coin of Probus.
mauseus
quin.jpg
Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 CE., Commemorative issue by Quintillus27 viewsBronze Antoninianus, RIC V 261
Obverse: DIVO CLAUVDIO, radiate head right.
Reverse: CONSECRATIO, flaming altar with four panels, each containing pellet.
16.1 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
antoniad.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA17 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
Section2_Page_17_Image_0001.jpg
*Late Roman Mints47 viewsFrom:
ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez

ERIC I and ERIC II are great resources for coin identification and the history behind the coins. Author Ras Suarez is a heck of a nice guy and very accessible to collectors. He has made all of ERIC I freely available at:
http://www.dirtyoldbooks.com/eric.html
Sosius
Claudius_Cunetio_2296.jpg
1 Claudius II19 viewsCLAUDIUS II
AE Antoninianus
IMP CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust (small) right / SPES AVG, Spes walking left, holding flower and hitching robe, II in left field
Cunetio hoard 2296, Normanby hoard 1086
aVF/F, Rare
Sosius
Gordian_III_RSC_216.jpg
1 Gordian III11 viewsAR Antoninianus
Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and transverse sceptre

RIC IV-3 68; Cohen 216; Sear 8637
Sosius
Gordian_Sear_2523.jpg
1 Gordian III31 viewsGordian III
AE of Nicea

O: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, Radiate, draped bust r.

R: N-I-K-A-I, EWN in ex.; Two standards surmounted by capricorns between two standards

Rec. Gen 711

Rare. According to Dane Kurtz's list, copies include this coin, plus: "Geoff Hintze's collection, another sold on ebay in June 2006 by del550 (DRG Coins, England), another sold on ebay in Dec. 2008 by biggyg2"

Sosius
Gordian_III_RIC_37.jpg
1 Gordian III15 viewsGORDIAN III
AR Antonianus, Rome Mint
240 AD

O: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

R: PM TR P II COS PP, Emperor, standing front, head left by altar, togate and veiled, holding patera over altar and wand

RIC IV-3 37: Cohen 210; Sear 5 8637
Sosius
Sep_Sev_RIC_144b.jpg
1 Septimius Severus17 viewsSeptimius Severus
BI Denarius. 199 AD

L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right / VICTORIAE AVGG FEL, Victory flying left, holding wreath with both hands over shield set on rock to left.

RSC 719, RIC 144b, Sear 6381

Ex Ancient Treasures. From an ancient forgers' lot authenticated by David Sear
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_49_26_AM.png
11.5 Julia Titi39 viewsJulia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. From the RJM Collection.
Julia Titi, Daughter of Titus (A.D. 79-80). Augusta, A.D. 79-90/1. AE dupondius (27.82 mm, 10.08 g, 5 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 79/80 by Titus. IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, draped bust of Julia right, hair drawn-up in bun / Vesta seated left holding palladium and scepter; S - C // VESTA. RIC 398 (Titus); BN (Titus) 270, 271; BMC (Titus) 256, 257. Fine, green patina, cleaning marks.

From the RJM Collection.

Ex Agora Auctions, 5/9/2017
3 commentsSosius
Trajan_As_RIC_392.jpg
14 Trajan 15 viewsTRAJAN
AE As
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M, laureate bust right / TR POT COS II S-C, Pietas standing left by lighted altar, right hand raised.
Cohen 613, RIC 392
sear5 #3240
RI0112
Sosius
Screen_Shot_2017-05-11_at_10_45_56_AM.png
15 Hadrian22 viewsHadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius. Rome mint, struck A.D. 119.
Hadrian. A.D. 117-138. AE sestertius (35.51 mm, 26.94 g, 7 h). Rome mint, struck A.D. 119. IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIA-NVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate, bare-chested "heroic" bust right, drapery on left shoulder / PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM S - C, Hadrian, togate, standing facing, head left, right hand receiving scepter borne by eagle descending from sky on left and scroll (?) in left hand. RIC 589; BMC 1203. good VF/VF, fantastic sensitive portrait on heroic bust, green patina with spots of red, particularly on reverse. Ex Agora Auctions 5/9/2017
1 commentsSosius
Philip_I_RIC_19.jpg
2 Philip I8 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 4.2g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: SAECVLARES AVGG, Stag walking right. “U“ in exergue.

RIC 19, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome


Sosius
Philip_I_RIC_58_no_2.jpg
2 Philip I13 viewsPHILIP I
AR Antoninianus, 244-9 AD, 3.7g

O: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG,
Radiate and draped bust right.


R: AETERNITAS AVGG, Elephant walking left, ridden by mahout who guides it with goad and rod.


RIC 58, Sear 2552, VF

Coin commemorates the secular games held by Philip to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome

Sosius
Trajan_RIC_534.jpg
2 Trajan Sestertius15 viewsTRAJAN
AE Sestertius. 103-111 AD.

O: laureate head right

R: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI S-C, Trajan riding right spearing Dacian enemy before horse.

Cohen 503, RIC 534, sear5 #3204

VG - Lots of wear....handled by many, many hands
RI0126
Sosius
Julia_Domna_BI_Den.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna16 viewsJULIA DOMNA
BI Denarius

Bust of Julia / Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch

From an ancient forger's lot authenticated by David Sear
Ex Ancient Treasures
Sosius
Macrinus_Sby_2965.jpg
27 Macrinus19 viewsMACRINUS
AR Tetradrachm of Phoenicia, Tyre. AD 217-8. (11g, 25.6mm)

AYT K M OP CE MAKPINOC CE, laureate bust right, with drapery at front of truncation / DHMAPX EX YPATOC PP, eagle standing on club facing, head left, murex shell between legs.

Prieur 1555
Sosius
AUGUDU03-2.jpg
28 BC Colony established at Nemausus by Augustus' army414 viewsmedium bronze (dupondius or as?) (12.6g, 25mm, 2h) Nemausus mint. Struck 10 BC - 10 AD.
IMP DIVI F Agrippa laureate head left and Augustus laureate head right, back to back
COL NEM crocodile chained to palm tree top bent to right, wreath at top.
RIC (Augustus) 158

Denomination uncertain. COL NEM stands for COLONIA AVGVSTA NEMAVSVS (present Nîmes, France), built by Augustus' army after their conquest and return from Egypt. The crocodile chained to the palm tree symbolizes the defeat of the Cleopatra and Marc Antony at Actium.
2 commentsCharles S
Elagabalus_SNG_Cop_145.jpg
29 Elagabalus18 viewsELAGABALUS
AE25 of Byblus, Phoenicia.

AV K M AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / IEPAC BYBLOY, hexastyle temple with central arch, Astarte standing facing within, foot on prow, holding sceptre, being crowned by Nike on column to r.

SNG Cop 145, BMC 52
Sosius
Constantius_I_Lyons_167a.jpg
3 Constantius I21 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE1 Folles, Lyons, Struck 301-301 AD
CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust l.., scepter over r. shoulder / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genuis standing left by altarholding patera and cornucopiae, A in l. field, PLG in ex.\\\\\\\\
RIC VI Lyons 167a
Sosius
Constantius_I_Siscia_42.jpg
3 Constantius I (Posthumous)27 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
Half Follis, Siscia Mint
By Constantine I, 317-318 AD

DIVO CONSTANTIO PIO PRINCIPI, Veiled laureate bust r. / REQVIES OPTIMOR-VM MERITORVM, Constantius seated, raising right hand and holding scepter, SIS in ex.

Siscia RIC VII Siscia 42 (R3); F/VF
Sosius
Decius_Babylon_103.jpg
3 Trajan Decius17 viewsTrajan Decius
AE20, Edessa, Mesopotamia

O: AVG DEKIC CEB. Radiate bust of Decius, R.

R: KOL EDICCA. Turreted bust of Cybele, l.

Babylon 103, BMC 168

Thanks to Helvetica for translating Babylon, without which I would not have been able to attribute this coin.
Sosius
Decius_Dacia_Ant.jpg
3 Trajan Decius15 viewsTrajan Decius
AR Antoninianus

IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right / DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head.

RIC 12b, RSC 16.

Holed for jewelry - loop gone.
Sosius
001590_l.jpg
32 Gordian I Africanus30 viewsGORDIAN I AFRICANUS
AE Sestertius, Rome Mint
27-29 mm, 17.75 g
March 19 to April 9, 238 A.D.
IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / VICTORIA AVGG, S-C, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
RIC IV, 2, p. 161, 12. Very rare. Good portrait and fully readable name. Very fine.
Ex-Auctiones

Gordian I, an 80-year-old senator, was proclaimed as emperor during a revolt in Africa but commited suicide after his son and co-ruler Gordianus II was defeated by Maximinus' legate. Their rule only lasted for 20 days, hence the rarity of their coins.
Sosius
rjb_car385_6_05_07.jpg
385cf33 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “[RESTI]T SAE[CVL]”
Emperor standing left being crowned by victory standing left
Camulodunum Mint
-/-//[C?]
RIC - (cf 385-6)
mauseus
Tacitus_RIC_93var_tflip.jpg
4 Tacitus16 viewsTACITUS
Silvered Antoninianus, Rome
275-276 A.D.
IMP CM CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. / SALVS AVG, Salus standing left by altar, holding sceptre, and feeding serpent rising from altarXXI delta in ex.
Estiot 0128, La Venera hoard 1855; RIC 93 var (standing). VF
Sosius
Marcus_Aurel_BI_Den.jpg
5 Marcus Aurelius 8 viewsMARCUS AURELIUS
BI Denarius

O: Bust right

R: Victory walking left

From an ancient forger's lot authenticated by David Sear

ex Ancient Treasures
RI0106
Sosius
rjb_2017_09_02.jpg
55417 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Carausius greeted by Britannia
London mint?
-/-/RSR
RIC 554
mauseus
554cf.jpg
554cf112 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "EXPECTATE VENI"
Carausius greeted by Britannia
London mint?
-/-/RSR?
RIC 554 (figures reversed on reverse)
mauseus
Gallienus_Cohen_1322.jpg
7 Gallienus15 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint
261-262 AD

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust r.

R: VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Mars standing l., holding olive branch and vertical spear, r. foot on helmet, X in l. field
Cunetio hoard 1278, Normanby hoard 264, Minster hoard 58,
Appleshaw hoard 68,
Göbl 0636a;
Lavilledieu hoard 53 & 54.
Cohen 1322
not in RIC

EF, worn reverse die
Sosius
Maxentius_RIC_35-sm2.jpg
7 Maxentius34 viewsMaxentius. A.D. 306-312. Ć Follis (24.3 mm, 5.26 g, 11 h). Ostia, A.D. 309-312. IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right / AETERNITAS AVG, the Dioscuri standing facing each other, holding horses by their bridles; MOSTT in exergue. RIC 35. gVF.
Ex Agora Auctions #1, Nov 2013
1 commentsSosius
Constantine_II_J_Q_Adams_-_RIC_VII_Trier_539.jpg
71 Constantine II Ex John Quincy Adams Collection24 viewsAE Follis, Trier Mint

RIC VII Trier 539, Sear (2014) 17314


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 948
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
Sosius
Licinius_JQ_Adams_RIC_VI_Thessalonica_59.jpg
8 Licinius42 viewsAE Follis, Thessalonica Mint, 312-313 AD

RIC VI Thessalonica 59


Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971, Lot # 944
Bought by Christian Blom, then sold to Smithsonian Institution underwater archaeologist Mendel Peterson, then to D.C. coin dealer Gene Brandenburg, then to me.
1 commentsSosius
rjb_car_982cf_02_05.jpg
82238 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LAETITI AVG"
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and baton
Unmarked mint
RIC 822
This coin is an obverse and reverse die duplicate of the coin illustrated in "Some Stratified Coins Of c. AD 390-400 From Bourton-On-The-Water" by O'neil in Numismatic Chronicle 1935 pp 275-81. The Bourton specimen plus an obverse brockage die duplicate of this coin can be seen here.
mauseus
838cf.jpg
838cf54 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "..........AVSIVS P AV"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "LITI AV"
Laetitia standing left, altar at feet
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 838)
Obverse and reverse die duplicate of the next coin. It also looks to be an obverse die duplicate of Normanby 1580.
mauseus
rjb_car_laur_02_06.jpg
838cf52 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE Laureate
Obv: "IMP CARAVSIVS P AV"
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: "LITI AV"
Laetitia standing left, altar at feet
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 838)
Overstruck on a Rome mint coin of Claudius II, traces visible on the reverse. Obverse and reverse die duplicate of the previous coin. It also looks to be an obverse die duplicate of Normanby 1580.
mauseus
rjb_2017_04_04.jpg
97011 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “RESTITV ORB”
Emperor standing right being crowned by victory standing left
Unmarked Mint
RIC - (cf 970)
mauseus
SeleukQ_copy.jpg
Alexander II, Zebina55 viewsAE 21, Syria, Alexander II Zebina, ca. 128-123 BC, Obv: Alexander right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Athena standing by Nike, Epsilon Psi above, VF. Lindgren III, pl. 63, 1110, SC 2233, Hoover HGC 9, 1163 (C-S).1 commentsMolinari
Jannaeus_Pendant_1.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus Prutah Pendant32 viewsOBV:BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOΥ (of King Alexander),
around anchor
REV:star made of eight pellets surrounded by diadem
and possible inscription
Hendin 470, Meshorer TJC J11, Jerusalem mint
103 - 76 B.C.
Set in Silver Pendant
goldenancients
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Ancient Greece (Thessaly), silver pseudo-Rhodian drachm struck by King Perseus of Macedon, ca. 175-170 BC26 views1 commentslordmarcovan
Antiochus_IX.jpg
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C.23 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, 114 - 95 B.C. Ae 18. Weight 5.2g. Obv: Diademed head rt. Rev: Pallas Athena rt. holding shield and spear ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ. BMC 93.23
Antiochus IX Eusebes, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea. Upon the death of his father in Parthia and his uncle Demetrius II Nicator's return to power (129 BC), his mother sent him to Cyzicus on the Bosporus, thus giving him his nickname. He returned to Syria in 116 BC to claim the Seleucid throne from half-brother/cousin Antiochus VIII Grypus, with whom he eventually divided Syria. He was killed in battle by the son of Grypus, Seleucus VI Epiphanes in 96 BC.
ddwau
IMG_2850.JPG
Antonius pius caesarea maritima mint 85 viewsObv.: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev.:COL PRIMA FL AVG CAESAR, Apollo, nude standing to front looking left holding in right bow (?) leaning with left on tripod-lebes which is encircled by serpent. Rare. Very fine.
1 commentsMaritima
Phoenicia3_copy~0.jpg
Apameia32 viewsAE 20, Syria, Apamea, 30/29 BC. Obv: Dionysus facing right, ME monogram behind. Rev: Thyrsos surrounded by ΑΠΑΜΕΩΝ THΣ EIPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, Seleukid era date ΓΠΣ (30/29 BC). aF. RPC I, 4347-4352, Hoover HGC 9, 1425 (S).Molinari
arcadius53.jpg
Arcadius, AE2, RIC IX 53b Constantinople 383-395 CE & 395-408 CE23 viewsObverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding spear, crowned by hand of god above.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard in left hand and resting right hand on shield, captive at feet to the left.
CONR* in ex. Constantinople mint 23.9 mm., 6.1 g.
NORMAN K
Augusto_Cassio_Celler.JPG
Augustus AE As, C Cassius Celler SC4 viewsAugustus (27 BC – 14 AD)

AE As, Rome, 16 BC. Issued by C. Cassius Celler

Obv. CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST. Bare head rigth.
Rev. C CASSIVS CELER III VIR A A A F F arround SC.
RIC 376

Weight: 7.7g.
Diameter: 27mm.
Jose Polanco
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.596 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
Baktria.jpg
Baktria16 viewsAlexander the Great's empire split into rival Hellenistic kingdoms ruled by his generals. The most far-flung part was Baktria, his conquests in what is today Afghanistan, western India and Pakistan. Greek settlers ruled over a much larger indigenous population. As centuries went by, this isolated outpost of Greek culture combined elements of both Greek and native traditions, oftentimes reflected in their bilingual coins. The main mints include Aď Khanoum, Bactra, and Pushkalavati.2 commentsChristian T
Baktria,_Diodotos_I,_AR_tetradrachm_-_Holt_A6_4_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 22 viewsDiademed head of Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY Zeus advancing left hurling thunderbolt, eagle at feet, ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta, Sampi) monogram in inner left field.

Holt A6.4 (this coin); Kritt A6 (plate 2 A6 this coin); CSE 1294 (this coin); SNG Lockett 3109 (this coin ID: SNGuk_0300_3109); Pozzi 2945 (this coin); ESM 717α (this coin); SNG ANS 77; SC 631.a; Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64d; Qunduz 6; HGC 9, 243.
Mint "A" - Ai Khanoum

(26 mm, 15.73 g, 6h).
Herakles Numismatics; ex- Houghton Collection (CSE 1294); ex- Lockett Collection (SNGLockett 3109); ex- Pozzi Collection: Naville Sale I (1921) 2945 (sold for CHF 35).

This coin has a very distinguished provenance and has been published as plate coin in four reference works.

The emission with the ΙΔΤ (Iota, Delta Sampi) mint control mark is the most abundant of the Diodotid issues, representing about 13% of known Diodotid precious metal coins. The same control carries over into the early coinage of Euthydemos, although eventually displaced by the PK control monogram after 208/6 BC when Antiochos III captured Ai Khanoum while Euthydemos remained besieged at Baktra, after which it appears that Baktra/Balkh assumed the role of primary royal mint in Baktria. In is notable that the Archaic Greek letter Sampi forms the bottom of the ΙΔΤ monogram. It is an Archaic Greek form of a double Sigma that persisted in Greek dialects of Asia Minor. Many Greek settlers from Asia Minor migrated to Baktria, including the illustrious ruler Euthydemos from Magnesia in either Lydia, or Ionia. The archaic Greek Sampi possibly traveled to Baktria with the earliest Greek settlers from Asia Minor.
n.igma
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Bythnia Caracalla AE23 AD209-AD21128 viewsDie axis 135 degrees
Wadding 459
Paul D3
Sear-1889a.jpg
Byzantine Empire: Ć Anonymous Class I Follis, Attributed to Nicephorus III (Sear-1889, DOC I.1-64)30 viewsObv: Facing bust of Christ Pantokrator
Rev: Latin cross with central X and globus and two pellets at the end of each extremity; crescents to upper left and right, floral scroll below
SpongeBob
T1118LG.jpg
C POBLICIUS Q F. 80 BC89 viewsHelmeted bust of Roma right / Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; bow and quiver at left; club below. Cr. 380/1.

POBLICIA, a plebian family, but of consular rank. Its cognomen on coins is Malleolus. There are fifteen varieties, all of silver, on some of which a small hammer or mallett is engraved, evidently alluding to the surname Malleolus.

The first of Heracles' twelve labours, set by King Eurystheus (his cousin) was to slay the Nemean lion.

According to one version of the myth, the Nemean lion took women as hostages to its lair in a cave near Nemea, luring warriors from nearby towns to save the damsel in distress. After entering the cave, the warrior would see the woman (usually feigning injury) and rush to her side. Once he was close, the woman would turn into a lion and kill the warrior, devouring his remains and giving the bones to Hades.

Heracles wandered the area until he came to the town of Cleonae. There he met a boy who said that if Heracles slew the Nemean lion and returned alive within 30 days, the town would sacrifice a lion to Zeus; but if he did not return within 30 days or he died, the boy would sacrifice himself to Zeus.[3] Another version claims that he met Molorchos, a shepherd who had lost his son to the lion, saying that if he came back within 30 days, a ram would be sacrificed to Zeus. If he did not return within 30 days, it would be sacrificed to the dead Heracles as a mourning offering.

While searching for the lion, Heracles fetched some arrows to use against it, not knowing that its golden fur was impenetrable; when he found and shot the lion and firing at it with his bow, he discovered the fur's protective property when the arrow bounced harmlessly off the creature's thigh. After some time, Heracles made the lion return to his cave. The cave had two entrances, one of which Heracles blocked; he then entered the other. In those dark and close quarters, Heracles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the lion bit off one of his fingers. Others say that he shot arrows at it, eventually shooting it in the unarmoured mouth.

After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. He then tried sharpening the knife with a stone and even tried with the stone itself. Finally, Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told Heracles to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.

When he returned on the thirtieth day carrying the carcass of the lion on his shoulders, King Eurystheus was amazed and terrified. Eurystheus forbade him ever again to enter the city; in future he was to display the fruits of his labours outside the city gates. Eurystheus warned him that the tasks set for him would become increasingly difficult. He then sent Heracles off to complete his next quest, which was to destroy the Lernaean hydra.

The Nemean lion's coat was impervious to the elements and all but the most powerful weapons. Others say that Heracles' armour was, in fact, the hide of the lion of Cithaeron.
ecoli
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Carinus, RIC V 251 Rome18 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus .
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped &cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by a standard in each haand.
KAE in ex. Rome mint, 23 mm., 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
con415s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC 381 var. Trier21 viewsConstantine II, AE19, Trier. 322-323 CE
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right, holding spear over shoulder and horse by the bridle before.
Reverse: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, large globe on an altar inscribed V dot O - TIS - XX in three lines, three stars above.
Mintmark: PTR dot., RIC VII Trier 381 var (mintmark) 18.9 mm, 2.7 g.
NORMAN K
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Demetrios II Nikator, Second reign, 129-125 BC. Silver tetradrachm. Tyre.41 viewsObv: Diademed head of king right.
Rev: Eagle standing on prow left, with palm branch, club surmounted by monogram and monogram in inner left field, two monograms in inner right field, monogram between legs.
References: SC 2195.5b. Newell 179. Hoover 1122.
28 mm, 13,23 g.
1 commentsCanaan
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Edward IV AR Groat30 viewsGreat Britain, House Of York, ND, Groat,
Edward IV, First Reign, 1461-70.
Light coinage. London mint. 25.2mm, 2.9g.
No marks by neck. S-2002. Nice grumpy portrait. Dark toning.
Purchased from Harlan J Berk 201st Bid or Buy sale July 14, 2017
2 commentsorfew
C_servilia_fouree.jpg
Fouree C. Servilius M.f. Denarius. 136 BC58 views Obv. Winged, helmeted head of Roma right, surmounted by head of an eagle, wreath & * behind, ROMA below Rev. the Dioscuri galloping in opposite directions, C SERVEILI M F in ex. Syd 525, Cr239/1. 2 commentsSkyler
Postumus_Double_Sest_RIC_207.jpg
Gallic 1 Postumus28 viewsPOSTUMUS
Double Sestertius, 15.89g
Radiate Bust r. / LAETITIA AVG, Galley
A Contemporary imitation, as indicated by the style and the fact that the E in the reverse legend is retrograde
Bastien 373; RIC 207
ex Harlan J. Berk
1 commentsSosius
Victorinus_RIC_southern_61.jpg
Gallic 4 Victorinus13 viewsVICTORINUS
AE Antoninianus 268-270 AD
IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, Radiate, draped cuirassed bust r. / PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left, holding baton and cornucopiae, globe at foot
RIC V-2 Southern mint 61; Normanby hoard 1446; Sear 11178; VF/F, Scarce
Sosius
Gordian-III-RIC-177-87.jpg
Gordian III / RIC 177 over 187, 1'st series.31 viewsAntoninianus, 238-239 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: AEQVIT LIBER / Body and feet of Aequitas holding scales; Body and feet of Libertas holding pileus (Liberty cap) .
5.00 gm, 22 mm.
RIC #177 over #187.

This coin has two different reverses: the Aequitas type (RIC #177) is overstruck at 180 degree rotation on top of the Libertas type (RIC #187). Or, perhaps it is the other way around: The Libertas type (RIC #187) is overstruck on top of the Aequitas type (RIC #177).

The T of AEQVITAS AVG is almost flattened out and is just barely visible. At Antioch, Libertas with the pileus always has the legend LIBERALITAS AVG rather than LIBERTAS AVG.

There is a footnote to RIC #231 (vol. IV, part III, p. 39) which is quite intriguing:

"231. A strange Antoninianus (G. B. Pears Coll.) shows rev. type of AEQVIT[AS] apparently overstruck with type of LIBER[TAS] -- obv. of Gordian III, rev. of Philip overstruck with rev. of Trebonianus Gallus (?)."

I posted this coin on Forvmancientcoins.com and got this reply from Curtis Clay:

"A neat example of this error, and one I hadn't been aware of before, despite its mention in the RIC footnote!
As you expected, you now own the coin formerly in the Pears collection: we know because there is a plaster cast of it so labeled in the BM, which is illustrated in Roger Bland's dissertation, pl. 10, 18/21 !
One of the reverse types is Libertas with cap, but its legend must have been LIBERALITAS not LIBERTAS AVG: the Eastern mint always mislabeled its Libertas type as Liberalitas. RIC made the same mistake regarding the reverse legend; corrected by Bland, who lists the coin under the type LIBERALITAS AVG.
I had never heard of G. B. Pears or his collection before, so can supply no information in that regard."
Callimachus
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Gordian III, Bithynia, Nicaea21 views
Bithynia, Nicaea. Gordian III. A.D. 238-244. Ć 20(20.2 mm, 3.6 g ).
Obverse: M ANT ΓOP-ΔIANOC AV, radiate bust right, drapery on shoulder.
Reverse: N-IK-AI-Є/ΩN, three legionary standards, the two outer surmounted by capricorns, the middle by an eagle.
Rec Gen 716; Weiser
NORMAN K
Honorius-Constantinople RIC 61.JPG
Honorius-Constantinople RIC 6132 viewsAE3, Constantinople mint, 395-401 AD
Obverse: DN HONORIVS PF AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCITI, Emperor standing facing in military uniform, being crowned from behind by Victory.
CONSA in exergue
RIC 61
16mm, 2.7gms.
Jerome Holderman
HUN_Lajos_I_Huszar_547_Pohl_89-7.JPG
Huszár 547, Pohl 89-7, Unger 432h, Réthy II 89A40 viewsLouis I (Lajos I, in Hun.) (1342-1382). AR denar, .49 g., 13.94 mm. max., .28 gr., 90°

Obv: + [MO]nETA LODOVICI, Saracen head left, pellets flanking.

Rev: + REGIS hVnGARIE, Patriarchal cross with random pellets.

The type was struck 1373-1382 (per Huszár, Pohl & Unger, although Huszár later wrote that the Saracen-head coinage incepted in 1372). This privy mark was struck at Pécs by one of the Saracenus brothers, probably by Johannes, who took over the mint after the death of Jacobus (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

The Saracen's head is a pun on the surname of Jacobus Saracenus (Szerechen, in Hun.) and his brother, Johannes, courtiers of Italian descent who were ennobled by Louis. The image of a Saracen's head appeared on their coat of arms. Jacobus became the kammergraf at the Pécs mint in 1352, and the Comes Camerarum Regalium in 1369. He died in the early 1370s, at which time Johannes succeeded him as kammergraf.
Stkp
sphinx_quad_drach~0.jpg
IONIA, CHIOS11 viewsCa 400-380 BC
AR Drachm 13 mm, 3.63 g
O: Sphinx seated left; amphora surmounted by grapes to left
R: Quadripartite granulated incuse square
Chios; BMC 17-8
ex Roma Numismatics auction
laney
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca315 viewsBASILICA
Forum of Pompeii c. 120 B.C. These more massive columns are from the basilica, the most important public building in Pompeii. Constructed prior to the Roman period, the basilica had three aisles and five entrance doors onto the forum. In the rear we see a two-tiered colonnade which has columns in the Doric style on the bottom and slender Ionic columns on top of a cross beam. In Pompeii many columns were made of brick and covered with stucco.

BASILICA (VIII,1,1)
Built in the second half of the 2nd cent. BC, as part of the plan to create monuments throughout the city. It has a rectangular layout, with three naves, with a ceiling sloping straight down in both directions from the central columns and half columns at the top of the walls, where there are still remains of decorations in ‘first style’: at the back is the tribunal, where the magistrates sat, reached by a wooden staircase. The building was dedicated to administering justice and for business negotiations.




John Schou
agrippa1.jpg
Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37-44 CE19 viewsBronze Prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120
Jurusalem mint, 41-42 CE.
Obverse: AGRIPA BACILEOC (king Agrippa) umbrella-like canopy with fringes.
Reverse: Three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L-s (year 6)
17.0 mm., 2.12 g.
sold 1-2018
NORMAN K
iersab.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .121 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem . Struck during the siege of Jerusalem by Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem and Balian of Ibelin in 1187 . Bi Denier .
+ TVRRIS DAVIT (legend retrograde), Tower of David
+ SЄPVLChRVM DOMINI, view of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Slocum 288; cf. C.J. Sabine, “Numismatic iconography of the Tower of David and the Holy Sepulchre,” NC 1979, pl. 17, 3; N. du Quesne Bird, “Two deniers from Jerusalem, Jordan,” NumCirc LXXIII.5 (May 1965), p. 109; Metcalf, Crusades, p. 77; CCS 51.
Very Rare . Thirteen known example .
The Ernoul chronicle refers to Balian of Ibelin and the patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem stripped the silver and gold edicule from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher for striking coins to pay those defending the city at it's last stand .
2 commentsVladislav D
lu2l.jpg
Lucilla RIC 1756, 164-169 CE.44 viewsLucilla, wife of Lucius Verus
Obverse - LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG FB, draped bust right.
Reverse – PIETAS, Pietas standing left, right hand over lighted altar and holding box of incense in left. SC in field
30 mm diam. 19.8g. RIC 1756
Reverse clearly shows an inverse portrait caused by a clashed die
sold 1-2018
1 commentsNORMAN K
ADM_II_series_VIII-124.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom: Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317 BCE) AR Drachm, Abydus (ADM II series VIII, 124-5)19 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on backless throne; right leg drawn back, feet on stool, eagle in right hand, scepter in left; branch upward in left field, horse leg left below throne
Dim: 17mm, 4.27 gm, 5h
Quant.Geek
ISL_MAMLUKS_Balog_910_Tumanbay_II.jpg
Mamluks (Bahri). `Ali II (al-Mansur `Ala al-Din Ali) (778-783 A.H. = 1377-1381 A.D.)10 viewsBalog 509 Plate XX 509a-b; SNAT Hamah 632-634; Album 963

AE fals, Hamah mint, undated; 1.63 g., 18.50 mm. max.

Obv.: Field divided by two horizontal lines of dots. الملك المنصور (al-Malik al-Manusr) / tentatively ضرب طرابلس (duriba Tripoli per Balog but Hamah mint per SNAT)

Rev. Six-petaled flower, resembling a lotus, petals forming a counter-clockwise whorl.

Ali was the son of Sha'ban II and the great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was installed as sultan at age nine upon the death of his father in a revolt. He died four years later.

Attribution courtesy of Mervin.
Stkp
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Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196416 viewsObverse: The Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphrium, she holds nimbate head of the infant Christ facing; to l. MP to r. Theta V.
Reverse: MANUHA AECIIOTHC or similar, Manuel stg. facing wearing crown, divitision and chlamys and holding labarum (one dots= on shaft) and globus surmounted by patriarchal cross.
Mint: Constantinople Third metropolitan coinage Variation B
Date: 1143-1180 CE
Sear 1964 DO 15.5-10
18mm 1.65 gm
wileyc
sear1966clipped.jpg
Manuel I Komnenus clipped billion aspron trachy SB196665 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
four main varieties:
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966 Var d, Fourth coinage; H 16.14,15; 17.1-4
rev: Jewel within circle on loros waist
16mm .89gm
As discussed in the Byzantine forumThese are the "neatly clipped" trachies.
During the reign of Manuel I the silver content of the trachy was dropped from c.6% to c.3%, but later types were sometimes issued with the higher silver content.
In Alexius III's time these high silver types were clipped down to half size, probably officially, presumably so as to match the lower silver content of the later issues.
Of course this would only have worked as long as the populace accepted the idea that the clipped coins were all high silver versions to start with. Once smarties started clipping ordinary coins these types would soon have have fallen out of favour and been withdrawn.

Ross G.


During the reign of Alexius III were reused coins of previous releases, clipping its border in a very regular mode and thus reducing to half their weight. Regularity of shearing and the fact that they were found to stock uniforms, suggesting that this clipping is a formal issuance of mint. Based on the stocks found in Constantinople , some of which consist only of clipped coins, it may safely be dated between 1195 and 1203.
Hendy and Grierson believe that this shearing was a consequence of the devaluation of trachy mixture during the reign of Isaac II and Alexius III. They reduced by half the already low silver content of this coin: shearing coins of previous emperors, still widely in circulation, made their trachy consistent with the intrinsic value of current emissions. Of course, this does not justify the clipping of coins already degraded of Isaac II and Alexius III. Therefore, reason for their declassification is not understood. I think that reason of Ross is right!
The structure of their dispersion in hoards indicates that, however, were made after the other emissions. Clipped trachys appear in small amounts along with regular trachy in hoards, represents a rarity. Were clipped trachys of Manuel I, Andronicus I, Isaac II and Alexius III, and perhaps of John II; those of Manuel are less scarce. In principle, we must believe that all trachys after Manuel I have been clipped, although many have not yet appeared.

Antvwala
wileyc
s-l1600_(17).jpg
MUGHALS-AURANGZEB-SURAT-MINT-AH-1095-RY-27-ONE-RUPEE-13 viewsAbu'l Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb or by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. _1200Antonivs Protti
phraatesIV.jpg
Phraates IV (38 -2 BC) AR Tetradrachm 286 SE /26 BC48 viewsObv: Phraates diademed and cuirassed bust left with long pointed beard - no royal wart on forehead.
Rev: The king enthroned r. being presented with a palm branch by Tyche, standing l. before him holding cornucopiae with pellet above arm. Seleucid date 286 (C Pi Sigma) above palm. Greek inscription in 7 lines BASILEOS/BASILEON; on r. ARSAKOY/EUERGETOY' below [DIKAOY]; on l. EPIPHANOUS/PHILELLANOS; month off flan below
Wt 14.1 gm, 26.3 mm, Sellwood type 55

The coin could be that of Tiridates I who also ruled for a few months in 26 BC. The features of the king on this coin are much closer to that of Phraates than of much rarer Tiridates I according to a reclassification of Sellwood types by deCallatay and this is the most believable. The lower lines of the inscription would also settle the issue but are lost on this coin.
Early coins of the Parthian empire showed strong Greek empahasis on classical Greek forms and humanism which is gradually lost as the empire matured and finally decayed. The coins become schematic and emphasize suface ornament rather than sculptural quality. One senses from the portrait of Phraates that brutality was a prerequisite for Parthian kings who routinely bumped off fathers and brothers in their rise to power. Like the Spartans, they had a powerful empire in their time but its contribution to civilization was limited in the long term.
1 commentsdaverino
0191-a00.JPG
Plautilla, overview295 viewsThere are five main types of portrait for Plautilla’s denarii at the Rome mint :

A - With a draped bust right, hair coiled in horizontal ridges and fastened in bun in high position. Her facial expression is juvenile
B - Hair being coiled in vertical ridges, with bun in low position. Plautilla looks here more like a young beautiful woman
C - The third bust shows a thinner face of Plautilla with hair in vertical ridges and no bun but braids covering her neck
D - The fourth type has a similar appearance with the former, but the vertical ridges disappear, hair being plastered down, still showing the right ear
E - Plautilla appears with mid long hair plastered down and covering her ears

In the mean time there are seven different reverses :

1 - CONCORDIAE AETERNAE
2 - PROPAGO IMPERI
3 - CONCORDIA AVGG
4 - CONCORDIA FELIX
5 - PIETAS AVGG
6 – DIANA LVCIFERA

Not every combination exists, but some of the above reverses can be shared by several obverse portraits. Noticeable also is an evolution of the obverse legend, being PLAVTILLAE AVGVSTAE (a) in 202, and becoming PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA (b) soon after

You can see the evolution of this interesting coinage in my Plautilla's gallery.
3 commentsPotator II
ptolemyxiiTD.jpg
Ptolemy XII Auletes AR Tetradrachm, 72 BC70 viewsOBV: Diademed head right in aegis
REV: Eagle standing left on Thunderbolt; PTOLEMAIOY BASILEWS, [Pi A] in right field; Dated L.Theta (Year 9)

This coin was minted in the ninth year of Ptolemy XII Auletes. Svoronos originally ascribed this coin type to year 9 of Cleopatra VII (43 BC) but was reattributed by Regling to her father. This re-attribution is generally accepted. The coin is of relatively low-grade silver (ca 30%) and flat-struck on the obverse.
Svoronos 1856, Ref. Svoronos on-line
wt 13.8 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Punic occupation half shekel73 viewsNude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily20 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
2 commentsAnaximander
BOTH_ANT_7.jpg
SOLD Antiochus V11 Sidetes Tetradrachm 138-129 BC SOLD5 viewsSOLD Obs - Diademed head of Antiochus V11 in fillet border
16.32g 29mm SC 2061.4e
Antioch on the Orontes mint
Rev- Athena holding Nike presenting wreath left , right, hand on shield proping up spear
Ins- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΙΓΕΡΟΥ surrounded by wreath
Control marks Monogram composing ΔΙ below A before Athena left Right above shield, A above M
An early Cappadocian copy emission 4 obs A14 (Krenkal & Lorber 2009) SOLD
cicerokid
BOTH_ANT_8.jpg
SOLD Antiochus V111 "Grypos" 121-98/6 BC Tetradrachm SOLD7 viewsSOLD Obverse Antiochus In fillet border
32mm 16.27gm
Struck 115/13 B.C. Ake-Ptolemais mint
SC 2336.2a
Reverse.. Zeus Ouranos
Ins: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ
Control mark ΔΡ left field
All surrounded by a wreath SOLD
cicerokid
Both_Demetrios_1_Soter.jpg
SOLD Demetrios 1 Soter 155/4 BC Tetradrachm SOLD3 views SOLD Obv: Diademed head of Demetrios right in wreathed border
31mm 16.71g SC 1641.3a
Antioch Mint
REV: Tyche holding sceptre and cornucopia, seated Left on throne supported by Tritoness right.
2 monograms in LF
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΙΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
HNP ( SE 158 ) in exergue SOLD
cicerokid
Thrace+Skythia.jpg
Thrace & Skythia16 viewsThrace & Skythia, including Dacia, Moesia, & Paeonia.
Thracian mints: Abdera, Apollonia Pontika, Byzantion, Cherronesos, Koson, Maroneia, Mesembria, Neapolis, Potidaia, Sparadakos, Terone, & Thasos.
1 commentsChristian T
greek2.jpg
Uranopolis,Macedon. AE 1613 viewsSear 1475 / SNG ANS 7. 914 / 300BC
obv: urania seated on globe holding long scepter
rev: SUN
city founded by Alexar Chos brother of
Kassander
hill132
ThoriusBalbus.jpg
#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
w0143.jpg
ΔAK236 viewsSyria-Coele, Leucas ad Chrysoroas, Balanea Leucas. Trajan 103 A.D. (Year 55). AE-21 mm, 7.67 grs. AV: AU KAI NER - TRAIANOC, Laur. head to right, within dotted border, Rectangular CM: ΔAK, Howgego 529 (43 pcs). RV: [LEU]KAD[EwN], Emperor with szepter in quadriga to right, in the field: EN (Year 55), within dotted border. Note: The CM (ΔAK) refers to Trajan's title "Dacicus". Interestingly, the title is already present on the coin. It has therefore been suggested by H.Seyrig that its application was a means for raising money for a gift for the emperor. Collection: Mueller.Automan
Chi_ro.JPG
ΧΡ52 viewsIn hoc signo vinces
Eν τούτω νίκα
V tomto zvítěz
By this sign conquer

Eusebius Pamphili Εὐσέβιος ὁ Καισάρειος wrote
Flavius Iustinus I. Augustus Ἰουστίνος minted
:Chi-Rho:
Bohemian
00026x00~1.jpg
18 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.22 g)
ISI within beaded square cartouche
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
00025x00~0.jpg
21 viewsSPAIN
PB Tessera (13mm, 1.56 g)
Radiate [bearded?] head right
Blank
Unpublished

Found in Southern Spain

This is a part of a small group of small leads of similar module that were found in Southern Spain. They appear to be distinct from the series described by Casariego et al and Stannard.
Ardatirion
uncertain.jpg
39 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.33 g)
Contemporary counterfeit
Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, GPR (Genio populi Romani) around
Blank
Rostowzew -

This tessera was cast from fractured molds, likely after the they had been discarded by the mint. It is the only possibly counterfeit tessera I have discovered to date.
Ardatirion
Y04282.jpg
25 viewsROME
PB Tessera (12mm, 2.26 g, 6h)
Mercury advancing right, holding bag and caduceus
PR/OG
Rostovtzev -

The small, round fabric of this issue is not usual for an issue from Rome. Additionally, the attribution of the obverse figure as Mercury is uncertain. Though he appears to bear the bag and caduceus, the figure is in a pose more traditionally held by Eros.
1 commentsArdatirion
00005x00.jpg
24 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.15 g, 12 h)
Togate priest standing left, holding patera
Modius with three grain ears, A C flanking
Rostowzew 1571 var. (size, no modius)

AC may stand for “Antoninus Caesar”, thereby making the togate figure the emperor in the guise of Pontifex Maximus. The presence of a modius also suggests a relation to the annona, implying a reading of “Annona Caesaris.”
Ardatirion
00008x00~2.jpg
15 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
00007x00~2.jpg
16 viewsTHESSALY, Uncertain. Mid-late 4th century BC?
PB Tessera. By the Eurymenai/Atrax engraver?
Bearded head right
Schematic line (horse's leg right?)
Cf. BCD Thessaly 1024 and 1038 (for similar bearded heads)

From the BCD Collection

BCD suggests that these two matching specimens are the products of an itinerant engraver, who would have used similar lead strickings as a portfolio to present to the various polities of the region. They are not related to the comparatively more common lead pieces of Pherai (Rogers 287; BCD Thessaly I 1305).
Ardatirion
00009x00_copy.jpg
17 viewsATTICA, Athens
PB Tessera. (15mm, 4.00 g)
Struck circa 200-263 AD
Helmeted head right
Blank
Lang & Crosby 246

The style of the bust on this token closely matches one discovered in the Stoa at the Athenian Agora, firmly dated to the mid 3rd century AD.
Ardatirion
Athens_token.jpg
30 viewsATTICA, Athens
PB Tessera. (24mm, 7.60 g)
Struck circa 50-200 AD
Helmeted head of Athena right
Boukranion
Lang & Crosby 251

Ardatirion
00003x00~5.jpg
35 viewsIONIA, Ephesos. Alexander.
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.95 g, 4h)
Artemis kneeling right, bathing, within grotto surmounted by half-length figure of Aktaion, wearing antlers and raising arms
Hippocampus right, AΛЄ Ξ around
Gülbay & Kireç –; Gorny & Mosch 212 (5 March 2013), lot 3333 (same dies); Vossen 35 (this coin)

Ex Tom Vossen Collection, 35
2 commentsArdatirion
wreath1.jpg
24 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 2.54 g)
BOY/Λ/ ΘЄO within wreath
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -

Apparently issued by the Boule, a local council in charge of civic matters. Theo is either the name of a magistrate or an epithet of the Boule.
Ardatirion
00021x00~3.jpg
8 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (17mm, 3.95 g)
Murex shell, flanked by dolphin swimming upwards and eel
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç –
Ardatirion
10241s00.jpg
33 viewsIONIA, Ephesos
PB Tessera (15mm, 1.31 g)
Prawn right, surrounded by scallop, tunny, shark, and dolphin; X over Δ to right Retrograde P within wreath
Gülbay & Kireç -

Ex Tom Vossen Collection; Münzzentrum 150 (7 Jan 2009), lot 258
Ardatirion
Retarrifed_Vespasian_as.jpg
105 viewsROME. Titus. As Caesar, AD 69-79.
Ć As (20mm, 9.84 g, 6 h)
Rome mint. Struck AD 77-78.
Retarrifed under by the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy as 42 nummi, 6th century AD.
Laureate head left; XLII (= mark of value, 42 nummi) carved before bust
Spes standing left, holding flower and raising hem of skirt
For host coin:cf. RIC II 1101. For revaluation: cf. Morrisson, Re-use 19; cf. MEC 1, 76 (Vespasian)

Ex Giamba Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 82, 16 September 2009), lot 1139
3 commentsArdatirion
00005x00~2.jpg
71 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Token (28mm, 8.74 g, 1h)
Dies by John Gibbs. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1838.
* AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE
Ship under sail right
A FRIEND */ TO THE CONSTITUTION
Bull standing right
Rulau HT 24; Low 66
Ardatirion
00003x00~2.jpg
57 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (27mm, 6.59 g, 11 h)
Dies by Joseph B. Gardiner. Belleville (New Jersey) or Scoville mint. Struck 1840.
HENRY CLAY AND THE AMERICAN SYSTEM
Draped bust of Henry Clay right; IBG below
UNITED/ [WE]/ STAND within wreath
Rulau HT 79; Low 192

Rulau gives a struck date of 1840 for this issue, and assigns it to the Belleville mint. However, documentary evidence shows that Gardiner was by this time working at the Scoville mint in Waterbury, CT. Either the coin was struck prior to spring 1839, or it is an issue of the Scoville mint.
Ardatirion
00001x00~9.jpg
44 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Belleville, New Jersey. John Gibbs, manufacturer
CU Token. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck circa 1838.
* AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE, ship under sail right
J GIBBS MANUFACTURER/ [OF]/ MEDALS/ AND/ TOKENS/ &C/ NJ/ * BELLEVILLE
Rulau HT 202; Low 150

Ex Robert Williams Collection (Steve Hayden, 11 December 2016), lot 363; Steve Hayden (2 December 2012), lot 585
Ardatirion
00005x00~3.jpg
83 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Belleville, New Jersey. Tobias D. Seaman, butcher
CU Token. Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by Gibbs. Struck 1837.
T. D. SEAMAN BUTCHER./ * BELLEVILLE *. Bouquet.
* A FRIEND */ TO THE CONSTITUTION, Bull standing right; c/m: minute D above.
Rulau HT 204B; Low 155

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2713


Tobias Seaman was apparently not primarily engaged as a butcher, finding more success as a hotelier. He was the proprietor of Mansion House in Belleville and, later, of the Mechanic's Hotel in Newark circa 1845-1851, and the South Ward Hotel thereafter. For a brief time he was also the owner of a stage line to New York and, "a horseman of great noteriety."(W. Shaw, History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey. New York, 1884. p. 890-a)
Ardatirion
00006x00~1.jpg
77 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. New York, New York. John H. Dayton, Union Steam Washing.
CU Token (28.5mm, 9.85 g, 12 h) Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Dated 1837
Laureate head of Liberty right; above, E. PLURIBUS UNUM on ribbon; thirteen stars around; 1837; c/m: small D above, '61' in white ink to left
* JAY. H. DAYTONS. UNION STEAM WASHING EST./ * 17th St. NEAR 5th AVENUE * NY/, WASHING/ DONE FOR/ SHIPS. ST BOATS/ HOTELS &/ PRIVATE FAMILIES
Rulau HT 249, Low 114

Ex Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2680
Ardatirion
DSC_0257.jpg
42 viewsBYZANTINE. Basileos. Circa 1080-1180
PB Seal (16mm, 5.15 g, 12h)
CΦPA/ ΓIC ΠЄ/ ΦVKA
TωN/ ΛOΓωN/ RACIΛ
Münz Zentrum 161 (11 January 2012), lot 841, otherwise unpublished

Ex Classical Numismatic Group E267, lot 685 (part of)
Ardatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
23 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
islamic_2.jpg
63 viewsEAST AFRICA, Kilwa Sultanate. 'Ali bin al-Hasan. Late 5th century AH / 11th century AD
Ć Fals (21mm, 2.68 g, 3 h). Kilwa Kisiwani mint.
Inscription in two lines; star at center
Inscription in three lines
Album 1180; Walker, Kilwa 12; SICA 10, 589-91; Zeno 87054 (this coin)

Acquired in the 1960's, likely through circulation in Dar-es-Salaam.

Chittick ("On the Chronology of the sultans of Kilwa" in NC 13, 1973), the excavator of Kilwa Kisiwani, notes that these issues were found in the earliest stratigraphic layers and accordingly reassigns them to the first sultan of Kilwa. Walker and Freeman-Grenville gave them to an otherwise unattested 13th century ruler of the same name. However, the picture is muddled by finds from the excavations at Songo Mnara, occupied only between the 14th and 16th centuries, where this type was among the most numerous to be found. The type is unlikely to have remained in circulation for such a long period and may been reissued by subsequent rulers.
Ardatirion
Aphroditopolis_5320.jpg
23 viewsEGYPT, Aphroditopolis
PB Tessera (15mm, 3.02 g, 4 h)
Old man standing right, leaning on staff (Anchises?)
Aphrodite seated facing on rock, head right, raising arms to cover breast
Milne 5320-4; Dattari (Savio) 11851-2; Köln -

Assuming that the types of Aphroditopolis uniformly bear relation to the goddess, the elderly male figure on the obverse presents an enigma. Perhaps the man is Anchises, the father of Aeneas. While he was certainly younger during his dalliances with Aphrodite, the artist could presumably have been influenced by the Virgilian image of an elderly man.
Ardatirion
Memphis_5279.jpg
44 viewsEGYPT, Memphis
PB Tessera (24mm, 5.76 g, 11 h)
Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, holding cornucopia and reeds, being crowned by Euthenia advancing right
Isis-Hekate triformis standing facing, holding uraeus and resting arm on Apis bull standing left with solar disk between horns; to left, small figure standing right; MEMΦIC to right
Milne 5279; Dattari (Savio) 6419; Köln 3501
Ardatirion
00032x00~1.jpg
17 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.34 gm 2 h) Dated year 4 of an uncertain era
Bust of Horus right, wearing stylized pschent crown, being crowned by Victory flying left; LΔ (date) to lower right
Nilus recling left on crocodile, holding reeds and cornucopia, being crowned by Victory flying right
Milne 5415 corr. (date); Dattari (Savio) 11642; Köln –; CNG E-353, lot 370 (same dies)
Ardatirion
egypt.jpg
27 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (22mm, 5.50 g, 4 h)
Wreathed and draped bust of Dionysos right, thrysus over shoulder
Nilus reclining left, holding cornucopia and reeds, being crowned by Euthenia advancing right
Milne -; Dattari (Savio) -; Köln -
Ardatirion
2086459.jpg
10 viewsEGYPT, Uncertain
PB Tessera (18mm, 2.91 g, 5h)
Dated year 2 of an uncertain era
Uncertain figure standing facing, behing crowned by Victory standing left
Uncertain figure standing left, holding uncertain object in raised hand; to left, ram(?) standing right; retrograde [L] B across fields
Milne –; Dattari (Savio) –; Köln –

Ex London Ancient Coins 36 (15 July 2014), lot 147
Ardatirion
quadrans.jpg
106 viewsROME. temp. Hadrian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 120-161
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 2.94 g, 7h)
Rome mint
Petasus
Winged caduceus; S C flanking
Weigel 18; RIC II 32; Cohen 36

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
5 commentsArdatirion
00002x00~1.jpg
71 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Bas (Lower) Canada. Banque du Peuple du Montreal.
CU Sou Token (28mm, 8.73 g, 11h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck 1838.
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *
Bouquet BANQUE DU PEUPLE./ MONTREAL.
UN SOU within wreath of oak leaves
Charlton LC-5A3; Corteau 17; Breton 715
Ardatirion
00002x00~5.jpg
26 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Bas (Lower) Canada. Montreal.
CU Sou Token (27mm, 6.59 g, 12h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck 1838/9 or later.
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *, bouquet
UN/ SOU within wreath; TOKEN above, MONTREAL below
Charlton LC-27A1; Breton 710; Corteau 43B
Ardatirion
00001x00~7.jpg
25 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Bas (Lower) Canada. Montreal.
CU Sou Token (27mm, 6.79 g, 12h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck 1838/9 or later.
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *, bouquet
UN/ SOU within wreath; TOKEN above, MONTREAL below
Charlton LC-28; Breton 702; Corteau 29B
Ardatirion
00024x00.jpg
45 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Bas (Lower) Canada. Montreal.
CU Sou Token (28mm, 8.73 g, 11h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by John Gibbs. Struck 1838/9 or later.
AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE/ * BAS CANADA *, bouquet
UN/ SOU within wreath; TOKEN above, MONTREAL below
Charlton LC-32B; Breton 692; Corteau 32B

Ex G.F. Landon Collection (Moore Numismatic Auctions, 10 February 2015), lot 60 (part of)
Ardatirion
00091x00.jpg
91 viewsCANADA, Tokens. Nova Scotia. William IV. King of Great Britain, 1830-1837.
CU Penny Token (34.5 mm, 14.27 g, 6 h)
Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dated 1832, but struck circa 1835.
PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
ONE PENNY TOKEN, thistle with two leaves; 1832 below
Charlton NS-4A2; Breton 870

Canadian catalogs traditionally give this issue to an illicit mint in Montreal. Wayne Jacobs1 argues that these were struck in Belleville. While his methodology is somewhat questionable - most of his theory is based off a unreliable editorial in an 1893 edition of the Newark Sunday Call - his reasoning regarding this series is sound. He is able to clearly demonstrate that the halfpenny and penny tokens in question are a product of a single, cohesive establishment which could not have been located in Lower Canada. Finally, Jacobs' claim can be supported by documentary evidence from the Belleville mint's primary competitor, the Scoville Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. A letter from J.M.L. to W.H. Scoville, dated April 4 1839, states that, "a competitor was stamping Canada Nova Scotia and Southern coins at 35 cents a pound."

1. Jacobs, Wayne. 1996. “The Shadowy Issues of the Belleville Mint.” Canadian Numismatic Journal 41 1: 13–26.
1 commentsArdatirion
00030x00~0.jpg
25 viewsVolusian. AD 251-253
Ć Antoninianus? (17mm, 1.83 g)
Copying an uncertain issue
Radiate, [draped, and cuirrassed] bust right
Blank

A most curious piece. The attribution to Volusian is suggested by the shape of the facial hair and the generally youthful portrait.
1 commentsArdatirion
00022x00.jpg
53 viewsROME. temp. Domitian-Antoninus Pius. Circa AD 81-160
Ć Quadrans (16mm, 3.99 g, 12 h)
Rome mint
Griffin seated left, paw on wheel
Tripod; S C flanking
Weigel 15; RIC II 28; Cohen 38

Weigel reconsiders the anonymous quadrantes as a cohesive group. The seriesportrays a pantheon of eleven deities: Jupiter, Minerva, Roma, Neptune, Tiber, Mars, Venus, Apollo, Mercury, Bacchus/Liber, and Hercules. Types are primarily a portrait of the god, with an attribute on the reverse and are usually influenced by (but not directly copied from) earlier designs, primarily from the Republic. He updates the series to the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus.
Ardatirion
00002x00~2.jpg
76 viewsLIBERIA, American Colonization Society. 1820-1847.
CU Cent (28.5mm, 10.38 g, 1h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Dies by Gibbs. Dated 1833.
LIBERIA. Nude man standing before shore, cutting at tree to left; brush to right; in distance, ship under sail right; 1833 in exergue
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY/ ONE CENT. FOUNDED/ A.D./ 1816
Snyder dies 2/B; Colver & Harley 2; KM Tn 1
Ardatirion
00056x00~0.jpg
42 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 25 Centimes (21mm, 1.99 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 25 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 18.1a; cf. Arroyo 99 (for official issue); Lissade 95
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46 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Brass 50 Centimes (25.5mm, 4.26 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352

On 1 June 1835, local officials arrested engraver Joseph Gardner of Belleville on charges of counterfeiting. When searching his house, officials discovered dies for Spanish 8 reales in various states of completion, coining implements, a bag of gold dust, and several bags of "spurious Haytien coppers." Yet Gardner was not the only individual striking illicit Haitian coins. James Bishop of neighboring Bloomfield, New Jersey had been arrested several months before, and a third person was responsible for the issue brought to Haiti by Jeremiah Hamilton.

Today, two distinct issues of counterfeits can be identified: a group of 25 and 50 Centimes, clearly related in fabric, and two different dates of 100 Centimes. The smaller denominations are most often found lacking a silver plating, while the plating year 26 100 Centimes is fine enough to deceive the likes of NGC and Heritage. Additionally, there are a handful year 27 100 centimes overstruck on US large cents. While I have not yet found a regular strike from these dies, they are the most likely candidate for Belleville's production.
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28 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered Brass 50 Centimes (25mm, 4.55 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 25 of the Republic (AD 1828/9)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 25
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 50 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM 20a; cf. Arroyo 105 (for official issue); Lissade 96; iNumis 25, lot 1352
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41 viewsHAITI, Premier République. Jean Pierre Boyer. President, 1825-1843
Silvered CU 100 Centimes (31mm, 10.32 g, 12h)
Contemporary counterfeit. Dated L'An 27 of the Republic (AD 1830/1)
J * BOYER * PRESIDENTE *, AN 27
Bust left
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI */ 100 * C
Palm tree flanked by cannon and banners
KM A23a; cf. Arroyo 117 (for official issue); Lissade 103
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40 viewsBYZANTINE. Baanes. Palatinos(?), circa 7th century AD
PB Seal (17mm, 5.58 g, 6 h)
Capricorn leaping right, ПAΛA below
Monogram (BAANH)
Unpublished

A palatinos was a minor clerk in the late Roman and early Byzantine period.
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64 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Seneca tribe.
Ganounata village (Honeoye Falls, NY). Circa AD 1625-1687
White wampum beads (apx. 5mm, 0.10g each)
Carved white shell beads with lateral hole for suspension in belt
Cf. William Martin Beauchamp, Wampum and Shell Articles Used by the New York Indians, p. 369

Found at the Dann Farm site in Honeoye Falls, NY.


In 1687 combined French and Huron forces, lead by the Marquis de Denonville, set out to undermine the strength of the Iriquois Confederacy. The main strike was made against Seneca villages in Western New York. Ganounata was burned during the campaign. This episode was only one in a long line of conflicts fought over control of the North American fur trade.

Wampum was used by Native Americans in woven belts of white and black beads. The white beads were crafted from the columella of the Channeled Whelk, the black from the quahog. Traditionally, wampum belts were used as a ceremonial object to initiate a trade contract. It was only with the coming of the Europeans that wampum began to function as coinage. In 1673, New York state officially set the value of wampum at six white beads to the Dutch stuiver, or three black until they fell out of use.
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48 viewsUNITED STATES, Native proto-currency. Northern Pacific coast. 18th-early19th century
Shell “kop-kop” (29mm by 6mm, 0.38 g)
Tubular shell of the dentalium genus of mollusks
Robert Stearns, Ethno-conchology: A Study of Primitive Money p. 314-321

Ex Detroit Museum of Art

Kop-kops were smaller or damaged pieces of hi-qua shells and circulated as a fraction of the hi-qua. Use of this shell type as currency ranged from northern California to Alaska.
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29 viewsUNITED STATES
Brass Pistareen – 2 Reales
Uncertain illicit mint in the New York City area, copying an issue of the Lima mint
Dated 1787 (LIMA) F, though struck circa 1800-1811 or 1820-1830
• CAROLVS III DEI GRATIA •
Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; 1787 below
• HISPAN • ET IND • R EX • (LIMA) • F •
Crowned coat-of-arms flanked by Pillars of Hercules entwined with banners
Kleeburg dies 87A/M2
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46 viewsUNITED STATES TOKENS, Hard Times. Political issues
CU Cent Token (28mm, 8.11 g, 5 h)
Dies by William Eaves for the Scoville Co. of Waterbury, Connecticut.
Dually dated 1827 and 1835. Struck 1837.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE WALL ST N. YORK, facade of bank, BUILT 1827/ BURNT 1835
MILLIONS FOR DEFENCE, NOT/ ONE/ CENT/ FOR TRIBUTE within wreath
Rulau HT 293; Low -
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20 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966
AL Twenty-five Cent Token (24mm, 1.48 g, 11h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 25˘/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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21 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Ten Cent Token (22.5mm, 1.28 g, 2h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 10˘/ IN TRADE
Lipscomb WO 8051; TC 226639

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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16 viewsUNITED STATES, Trade Tokens. Wooster, Ohio. Archer House. Circa 1878-1966.
AL Five Cent Token (21.5mm, 1.16 g, 8h)
ARCHER HOUSE -:- around central hole
GOOD FOR/ 5˘/ IN TRADE

Archer House hotel was constructed in 1878 on the corner of Buckeye and Liberty Streets, on the site of the earlier wood frame Washington House tavern. The founders, tailor E.B. Connelly and his sister-in-law Melinda, named the establishment after Melinda's deceased son, Archer. Melinda Connelly later remarried to A.M. Parrish, with whom she would operate the hotel until her death. The property passed to heir great-grandson, on who's behalf it was sold to Dr. Alonzo Smith in 1923. Archer House was finally purchased by Robert Freeman in 1964, and was razed in 1966. Today, a two story professional building stands on the spot.
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32 viewsBRITISH TOKENS, Tudor. temp. Mary–Edward VI.1553-1558.
PB Token (27mm, 5.29 g). St. Nicholas (‘Boy Bishop’) type. Cast in East Anglia (Bury St. Edmund’s?)
Mitre, croizer to right; all within border
Long cross pattée with trefoils in angles; scrollwork border
Rigold, Tokens class X.B, 1; Mitchiner & Skinner group Ra, 1

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 (Spring 2014), no. 973330

Britain in the late middle ages played host to a popular regional variant of the ‘Feast of Fools’ festival. Every year on the feast of St. Nicholas, a boy was elected from among the local choristers to serve as ‘bishop.’ Dressed in mitre and bearing the croizer of his office, the young boy paraded through the city accompanied by his equally youthful ‘priest’ attendants. The ‘bishop’ performed all the ceremonies and offices of the real bishop, save for the actual conducting of mass. Though this practice was extinguished with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539, it was briefly revived under Queen Mary, who took particular interest in the festival, when the lucky boy was referred to as ‘Queen Mary’s Child.’ The celebration of the boy bishop died out completely early in the reign of Elizabeth.

Evidence of this custom is particularly prevalent in East Anglia, specifically at Bury St. Edmunds. Beginning in the late 15th century, the region produced numerous lead tokens bearing the likeness of a bishop, often bearing legends relating to the festival of St. Nicholas. Issued in sizes roughly corresponding to groats, half groats, and pennies, these pieces were undoubtedly distributed by the boy bishop himself, and were likely redeemable at the local abbey or guild for treats and sweetmeats. Considering the endemic paucity of small change in Britain at the time, it is likely that, at least in parts of East Anglia, these tokens entered circulation along with the other private lead issues that were becoming common.
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32 viewsBYZANTINE. Simaias and Xenon. Circa 6th century AD
PB Tessera (20mm, 7.24 g, 12 h)
Block monogram: CIMAIAC
Block monogram: XENΩNOC
BLS -; DOCBS -

Found in Israel
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D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
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D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
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D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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Louis IV: denier (Angoulęme)11 viewsAs Louis d'Outremer, king of the Franks (936-954)
Immobilized denier (10th-12th century)

Billon, 0.81 g, 18.5 mm diameter, die axis 9h
O/ +LODOICVS; cross pattée
R/ +EGOLISSIME; 4 rings around a small cross pattée

This type of coin was immobilized from the end of the 10th century till the 13th century by the counts of Angoulęme.
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D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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D.606 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1d, Melle)48 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +METVLLO; carolingian monogram

The KRLS monogram was first introduced by Charles' great father, Charles the Great (Charlemagne). Charlemagne's son (Louis the Pious) never used a monogram, contrary to most carolingian rulers as Charles the Bald in particular.

This is the second most common carolingian coin.

Charlemagne minted exactly similar coins (Class 3). The question of the attribution to Charles the Great or the Bald has of course been widely discussed on grounds of style, weight, composition (work of Guillaume Sarah), position of the legend... These studies didn't lead to any clear conclusion although these deniers may often be attributed to Charlemagne. New hoards have to be found to resolve this issue.
By then, these coins have to be attributed to Charles the Bald by reason of the relative number of minted coins.
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D.627 Charles II the Bald (denier ?, class 1d, Melle)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle ?, class 1d, 840-864)

Silver, 1.35 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée
R/ +METxVLLO; carolingian monogram

The x in METxVLLO on the reverse has been widely discussed.
For instance, Depeyrot understands it as an immobilization/feudal issue. The crude style of theses deniers and the lightly degenerate legend of this one (CARLVS REX R instead of REX FR) seems in coherence with this hypothesis. However, the x is always at the same place.
Moreover, this type of coin has been found in the Brioux hoard, which may be datable to the beginning of Charles the Bald's reign. Grierson and Blackburn suggest that these coins with x were mainly minted in Poitiers. Using the legend of the close Melle mint allowed to take advantage of the reputation of Melle coinage.
Coupland proposes that this METxVLLO type came after the METVLLO type after 860 and until round 925. Then, it was replaced by the MET/ALO type. In order to explain the differences of interpretation, Coupland thinks that several hoards were wrongly dated or described.
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D.1189 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1e,Orléans)40 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
"Temple" denier (Orléans, class 1e, 840-864)

Silver, 1.64 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée
R/ +XPISTIΛNΛ RELIGIO; temple

This other example of Class 1 is the continuation of Louis the Pious' temple denier. XPISTIANA RELIGIO is then most often replaced by the mint name.
Although this is not the case for this specimen, the mint attribution is very clear. It is Orléans, because of the exaggerated S of XPISTIANA and the first I of RELIGIO is in the angle of the L.
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D.727 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Orléans)14 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Orléans, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.80 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛS; cross pattée

This is another typical example of Class 2 (GDR type).
Cenabum was a gallic stronghold of the Carnute tribe. It was conquered and destroyed by Caesar in 52 BC, and then maybe rebuilt by the emperor Aurelian. This may be the origin the city's name.
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D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
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Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)20 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
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Dy.178 Philip II (Augustus): denier (Déols)17 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier (1206-1207, Déols)

Billon, 1.18 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h
O: +REX FILIPVS; croix pattée
R: +Dε DOLIS; hexalpha (star) around a ringlet

Déols (in the Centre-Val de Loire, region of France) was not in the royal domain.This denier was struck by Philip II, as guardian of Denise of Déols. Surprinsigly, the king title (rex) arrives before the name of the king.
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Dy.184 Philip II (Augustus): denier (Laon)16 viewsPhilip II, king of France(1180-1223) and Roger de Rosoi, bishop of Laon (1174-1201)
Denier (1180-1201, Laon)

Billon, 1.18 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 3h
O: +PHILIPVS REX; facing crowned head of the king
R: +R[OG]ERVS εPE; facing head of the bishop with miter

The denier was minted by both the king and the bishop of Laon (north of France, out of the royal domain at this time).
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Dy.243D Charles IV (the Fair): maille blanche, 3rd emission10 viewsCharles IV, king of France (1322-1328)
Maille blanche, 3rd emission (07/23/1326)

Silver (718 ‰), 1.64 g, diameter 22 mm, die axis 11h
O: inner circle: +kAROLVS(square)RE•X•; cross pattée; outer circle: BHDICTV⋮SIT(ring)nOmЄ⋮DHI⋮nRI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois; outer circle: a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis, the top one being between 2 dots

The RE•X• on the reverse is characteristic of the 3rd emission. Most of the time, the top fleur-de-lis is also surrounded by two dots, similarly to the 2ond emission.



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Dy.262 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission7 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 1st emission (01/01/1337)

Silver (851 ‰), 2.51 g, diameter 25 mm, die axis 5h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

Philip VI is the first non direct capetian king. He was the cousin of the 3 previous kings.
The Gros tournois hadn't changed since its creation by Saint Louis. During Philip VI's reign, 3 new types of Gros were struck, with lighter weight and less silver. These monetary difficulties may be related to the premisses of the One Hundred Years' war and French military defeats.

The 3 bullets in the chatel (without any star below) are characteristic of the 1st emission.
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Dy.262A1 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission30 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 2ond emission (10/31/1338)

Silver (639 ‰), 2.44 g, diameter 23 mm, die axis 12h
O: inner circle: (ringlet)PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm(T); châtel tournois under a crown, with 3 bullets inside and a star below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis
(slightly double struck) reverse

The 3 bullets in the chatel and the star below are characteristic of the 2ond emission.
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Dy.262B Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission25 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 3rd emission (01/29/1340)

Silver (559 ‰), 2.33 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮HOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown, with 2x inside and a ringlet below; outer circle: a circlet of 11 fleur-de-lis

As expected, the silver percentage is lower than for the previous emission.
The 2 x in the chatel (quite hard to distinguish !) and the ringlet below are characteristic of the 3rd emission.
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Dy.262C Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission17 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la couronne, 4th emission (04/06/1340)

White billon (479 ‰), 2.16 g, diameter 24 mm, die axis 3h
O: inner circle: PhI-LIP-PVS-REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée and 4 ringlets at its boundaries; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI
R: inner circle: +FRANCORVm; châtel tournois under a crown and 2 fleurs-de-lis, with a ring inside; a circlet of 10 fleur-de-lis and a small cross

The silver content goes on lowering.
The ring in the chatel is characteristic of the 4th emission.
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Dy.265 Philip VI (of Valois): Gros ŕ la queue33 viewsPhilip VI, king of France (1328-1350)
Gros ŕ la queue (09/27/1348 and 01/15/1349)

White billon (479 ‰), 3.33 g, diameter 26 mm, die axis 6h
O: inner circle: (crown)PhILIP-PVS.REX; legend interrupted by a cross pattée; outer circle: BnDICTV⋮SIT⋮nOmЄ⋮DNI⋮nRI⋮DЄI⋮IhV⋮XPI
R: inner circle: +TVRONVS.CIVIS; châtel tournois with 3 archs under a crown; outer circle: a circlet of 12 fleur-de-lis

This Gros was struck at the end of Philip's reign and contains a quite small amount of silver.
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Saint Martin abbey: denier (Tours)9 viewsSaint Martin of Tours abbey
Denier (second half of the XII th century, Tours)

Billon, 0.67 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 10 h
O/ +SCS MARTINVS ; châtel tournois
R/ +TVRONVS CIVI ; cross pattée

Philip II has been inspired by this coin to create the denier tournois.
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S.1148 Aethelred II (crux penny, Winchester)17 viewsAethelred II, king of the English (978-1013 and 1014-1016)
Crux penny (moneyer: Brithmaer, mint: Winchester)

A/ +ΛEDELRED REX ΛNGLR X (AE and NG ligated) around central circle enclosing diademed & draped bust left holding a scepter
R/ BYRTHMΛER M-O PIN (AR ligated) around central circle containing voided cross with pellet center, C R V X in angles

silver, 1.65 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 1h
1 commentsDroger
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D.163 Eudes (denier, Blois)15 viewsEudes, king of the Franks (888-898)
Denier (Blois)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +MISERICORDIΛ DE-I; monogram
R/ +BIESIΛNIS CΛSTR◊; cross pattée

Eudes was not a Carolingian. As count of Paris, he obtained successful results against the Viking attacks. He was then chosen by frankish noblemen to be the king. The legitimate heir Charles III the Simple was then too young to rule.

This type of coinage is a very Carolingian one.
Eudes made his own monograms. This one is quite elaborate, with ◊DO above and RX below. Still on the obverse, the inscription is Misericordia Dei instead of the traditional Gratia Dei Rex. These two features (monogram and legend) make this coin very similar to Louis III's coins of Touraine (Blois and Tours mainly).

Droger
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S.1158 Cnut (pointed helmet penny, London)17 viewsCnut, king of England (1016-1035)
Pointed helmet penny (moneyer: Edwerd, mint: London, 1024-1030)

A/ +CNVT: - RECX A: around central circle enclosing bust in pointed helmet left holding scepter
R/ +ELEDERD ON LV(ND): around central circle enclosing quarters of short voided cross with circles in centre

silver, 1.04 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 7h

Peck marks are very common on these pennies. A large part of them was minted in order to pay the danegeld (tax raised to pay tribute to Vikings to save a land from their raids). These peck marks are supposed to have been made by Danes when checking the penny was in good silver.

1 commentsDroger
raoul-denier-paris.JPG
D.774 Rudolph (denier, Paris)9 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Paris)

Silver, 1.13 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRATIA DI REX; monogram
R/ + / PΛRISI / CIVITΛ / +

Rudolph was elected king of Franks by noblemen in 923, after his father-in-law (Robert I)'s death.

Although Rudolph wasn't a carolingian, his coinage used a monogram.This monogram is clearly inspired by the habitual KRLS monogram. The letters seem to be R(?)DFS. Anyway, the F on the bottom can be cleary distinguished, and this coin can be attributed to Rudolph.

Droger
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D.308B Rudolph (denier, Château-Landon)19 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Château-Landon)

Silver, 1.16 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 4h

O/ +CRΛTIΛ D-I; odonic monogram of Rodolf (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +CΛSTIS LIΛNDNI; cross pattée

The R on the top of the monogram and the F below are for Rodulfus. The 2 lozenges on the sides may come from Eudes' monogram (Oddo). Eudes was the brother of Rudolph's father-in-law... sort of family alliance against Carolingians (although Rudolph's aunt had been married to Charles the Bald...). The I and the X are more mysterious.

According to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugues the Great, his brother-in-law... family business still.
1 commentsDroger
raoul-orleans.JPG
D.abs Rudolph (denier, Orléans)49 viewsRudolph (or Raoul, Radulf), king of the Franks (923-936)
Denier (Orléans)

Silver, 1.14 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 11h

O/ +CRΛTI[Λ D-I R]EX; monogram (legend beginning at 9h)
R/ +ΛVRELIΛNIS CIVITΛ cross pattée

Same monogram as the previous coin minted in Château-Landon.
Same conclusions: according to Dumas, this coinage may have been struck after Rudolph's dead, by Hugh the Great.

As often in Orléans' coinage, the I after an L in Avrelianis is in the angle of the L.
Droger
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LT abs, Gaul, Massalia16 viewsMassalia (Marseille, south of France)
Circa 385-310 BC ?

Silver obol, 0.67 g, 10 mm diameter, die axis 8h

O/ youthful head of Apollo, right, with a visible ear and sideburns
R/ wheel with four spokes, M and A in two quarters

Marseille was founded by the Phocean Greeks circa 600 BC. This obol has obviously more greek than celtic origins.
Droger
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S.1257 William I the Conqueror (PAXS penny, London)15 viewsWilliam I the Conqueror, king of England (1066-1087)
PAXS penny (moneyer: Alfred, mint: London, 1083-1086?)

A/ +PILLELM RE; crowned bust facing, sceptre to right; clasp on shoulder
R/ +IELFRE ON LVNDN; cross with the letters PAXS in circles in the angles

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h

This type may have been struck by William II, son of William I.


2 commentsDroger
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RIC.61? Honorius (AE3, Virtus Exerciti)17 viewsHonorius, western roman emperor (393-423)
Nummus AE3 : Virtus exerciti (395-401, Constantinople mint)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2,31 g, die axis: 12 h

A/ D N HONORI-VS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS-EXERCITI/CONSΓ in exergue; Emperor standing facing in military uniform, being crowned by Victory
Droger
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Charles II the Bald (denier, Melle, immobilization)46 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier (Melle, 10th century)

Silver, 1.15 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX R; cross pattée (S retrograd)
R/ MET / . / ALO

Not really a type that can be attributed to Charles the Bald... this type was immobilized and struck from the middle of the 10th century to the end of the 11th century ! Minting was then totally in the hands of of the counts of Poitou and out of control of the royal administration.
The obverse is similar to previous coinage, but with a retrograd S on most of the specimen. On the contrary, the mint name (in the field on the obverse) had never been used by Charles the Bald (METALO instead of METALLVUM).
Droger
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"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa29 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold plating (!), both features really buffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin20 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
m_antony_octavia_cist_tet_f_res~0.jpg
(00001) OCTAVIA (with MARK ANTONY)72 viewsOctavia
(sister of Augustus; 4th wife of Mark Antony)
b. 69 BC- d. 11 BC
AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm 27 mm - 11.35 g; struck 39 BC
O: M ANTONIVS IMP COS DESIG ITER ET TERT, head of Antony right, wearing ivy wreath, lituus below; all within wreath of ivy and flowers
R: III. VIR. R.P.C, draped bust of Octavia right above cista; flanked by coiled snakes.
Ephesus mint.
RPC I 2201; CRI 262; Sydenham 1197; RSC 2.
2 commentslaney
antonia.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA55 views(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
antoniadx.jpg
(0010) ANTONIA7 viewsANTONIA
(daughter of Mark Antony; mother of Claudius; grandmother of Caligula)
b. ca. 36 BC, d. 37 AD
AE ORICHALCUM DUPONDIUS 28.5 11.98 g
STRUCK BY CLAUDIUS, ca. 50 - 54 AD
O: ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait
R: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP (P P) S C, Claudius veiled and togate, standing left, holding simpulum
RIC 1 104
laney
nerva.jpg
(0096) NERVA15 views96 - 98 AD
struck 97 AD
Copper as, 28.3 mm; 10.735 g RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II
O: IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right;
R: FORTVNA AVGVST (good fortune of the Emperor), Fortuna standing left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field;
Rome mint; RIC II 83, BMCRE III 130, Cohen II 68, BnF III 116, Hunter I -, SRCV II --from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren
(ex Forum)
laney
faustina_fecund_b.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II17 views(wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus)
FAUSTINA JR.
128 - 175 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 29 mm 19.78 g
O: DIAD DR BUST R
R: FECUNDITAS STANDING R HOLDING SCEPTER AND BABY / SC
RIC 1638
laney
faustina_jr_b.jpg
(0145) FAUSTINA II27 views(wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus)
FAUSTINA JR.
128 - 175 AD
AE SESTERTIUS 29 mm 19.78 g
O: DIAD DR BUST R
R: FECUNDITAS STANDING R HOLDING SCEPTER AND BABY / SC
RIC 1638
laney
seated_roma_res.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS30 views177 - 192 AD
AE 28 mm max., 17.90 g
O: radiate head right
R: Roma seated left, holding Victory and sceptre, shield by side, S-C
Rome
laney
commodus_horse_anchial_b.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--ANCHIALOS36 views177 - 192 AD
struck ca. 191 - 192 AD, issued by Caecilius Servilianus, Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae
Ć 29.5 mm; 6.90 g
O: ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙ Λ ΑΥΡ - ΚΟΜΟΔΟC , laureate-headed bust of Commodus wearing cuirass and paludamentum, facing right; two countermarks in ovals: helmeted head of Athena, and DX
R: ΗΓ ΚΑΙ CΕΡΟΥΙΛΙΑΝΟΥ ΑΓΧΙΑΛΕΩΝ , emperor (Commodus) on horseback, r., wearing military dress, holding spear.
Thrace, Anchialos
Ref. cf AMNG 441, pl. VI. 16 (rev.) ; RPC online coin type temporary № 4532 (2 pieces listed) but described as "galloping" ; Moushmov 2799; rare
1 commentslaney
sept_sev_men_b_(1).jpg
(0193) SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS38 views193 - 211 AD
AE 23 mm 5.05 g
O: Rad Bust right
R: The Eastern god MEN draped & wearing Phrygian hat, standing facing, head right, right foot on bucranium and crescent on shoulders; holding scepter in left hand, right arm holding globe surmounted by Nike walking right with trophy on shoulder; cock at foot left
ANTIOCH in PISIDIA
laney
caracalla_poseidon_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA40 views198 - 217 AD
AE 21 mm; 6.44 g
O: Laureate bust right
R: Poseidon standing in a facing quadriga driven by four hippocamps, head left, draped and wearing kalathos, a dolphin in his right, trident in his left;
Berytus mint; BMC Phoenicia p. 75, 156, SNG Cop 111; rare
laney
rhesanea_vex_resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA30 views198 - 217 AD
AE 17 X 19 mm; 5.31 g
O: Bust right, supported by eagle.
Rev: LEG-III; vexillum with star at center;
Mesopotamia, Rhesaena
laney
sep_car_temp_b_resb.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA and SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 37 views198-217 AD
Struck ca. 208 AD (on the tenth anniversary of Caracalla's reign)
AE 23 mm; 10.04 g
O: [IMPP CAESS SEVER ANT AVGG], laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus, seen from behind, to left, facing bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla, seen from behind, to right. (confronted busts)
R: [DECENNALES ANTONINI COS III /] COL BER, tetrastyle temple, with stairs from front, containing Astarte facing, crowned by Nike standing on column.
Berytus, Phoenicia; cf BMC 70.122-71.129; Sear GIC 2302, SNG Righetti 2246. Rare
laney
geta_pautalia_res_b.jpg
(0198) GETA35 views198 - 212 AD
struck ca. 198 - 203 AD
AE 19.5 mm 3.53 g
O: Λ CΕΡ ΚΑΙ ΓΕΤΑC Κ - Bare head right
R: ΟVΛΓΙΑC ΓΑVΤΑΛΙΑC - Altar surmounted by serpent-entwined orphic egg
Thrace, Pautalia
References: Moushmov 4335, Ruzicka 805
laney
augustus_dena.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS74 views27 BC - 14 AD
struck 2 BC - 4 AD
AR DENARIUS 3.81 g
O: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE Laureate head of Augustus, right
R: C L CAESARES, AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT Togate figures of Gaius and Lucius standing facing, holding spear and shield between them. Lituus on left, facing right; and simpulum on right, facing left
Lugdunum, RIC (I) 210.
(this is the scarcer mirror-image version of this reverse type, and shows the lituus on the left; and Gaius, with his shield in front of Lucius’ shield and the ladle by his head on the right)

3 commentslaney
elagabal_antioch_blk_ewa.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS25 views218 - 222 AD
AE 16 mm, 3.01 g
O: Radiate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind
R: Large SC, K above, A below; all within plain circle surrounded by laurel wreath of eight elements, with wreath fastened at top with garland.
Mcalee 798 (otherwise apparently unpublished); extremely rare.
Syria, Antioch
laney
tyre_raphanea_genius_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS32 views218 - 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 9.9 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left
Raphanea, Syria
laney
elagabal_rha_2_res_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS29 views218 - 222 AD
AE 23 mm, 7.1 g
O: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left.
Syria: Seleucis and Pieria-Raphanea; SNG Copenhagen 385 v.
laney
elag_raph_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS23 views218 - 222 AD
AE 22.5 mm; 8.32 g
O: Bust right.
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left.
Syria: Seleucis and Pieria-Raphanea
laney
elag_1_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS23 views218 - 222 AD
AE 22 mm; 8.13 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left
Raphanea, Syria
laney
elagabal_2_raph_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS22 views218 - 222 AD
AE 22 mm; 6.48 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left
Raphanea, Syria
laney
elagabalus_raph.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS24 views218 - 222 AD
AE 22.5 X 24 mm; 6.56 g
O: Radiate bust right.
R: Turreted Genius standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia, flanked by eagles; humped bull at lower left.
Syria: Seleucis and Pieria-Raphanea; cf SNG Cop. 385
laney
egal_trop_RESIZED.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS -- NIKOPOLIS AD ISTRUM69 viewsAE 16X17 mm 2.25 g
218 - 222 AD
OBV: M AVR - ANTWNINOC
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R, SEEN FROM BEHIND
REV: NIKOPOLITWN PR - OC ICTRON
TROPAION, 2 SEATED CAPTIVES AT BASE, SURROUNDED BY NIKE FACING R AND EMP FACING L
NIKOPOLIS AD ISTRUM AMNG I/1 2028 H/J 8.26.47.6
RARE
1 commentslaney
elagab_byblos_temple_b.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS--Byblus20 views218 - 222 AD
AE 20 mm, 5.7 g
O: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: Astarte, holding aphlaston and rudder, standing left within tetrastyle temple.
Phoenicia, Byblus; BMC 57; SNG Copenhagen 147.
laney
sev_alex_antioch_river_god.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER19 views222-235 AD
AE 30 mm; 12.52 g
O: laureate head right
R: Tyche seated left on rocks, being crowned by Severus who stands behind, another Tyche standing before, holding rudder and cornucopiae; river-god swimming left below, SHC in ex.
Syria, Antioch; cf SNG Cop 256.
laney
gordian_bery_copy.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III34 views238-244 AD
Struck 241-244 AD
Ć 28 X 30 mm, 16.11 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: Tetrastyle temple of Astarte, half-length bust of Astarte facing, flanked by standards within; lion walking right below.
PHOENICIA, Berytus
Sawaya 2177 (D382/R830); BMC 228-9; SNG Copenhagen 123
laney
philip_thessalonika_table.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I (The Arab)9 views244 - 249 AD
AE 23.5 mm, 8.18 g
Obv: AV K M IOV FILIPPOC, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: QECCALONEIKEWN N PUQIA, Agonistic table surmounted by vase, prize urn containing palm, and five apples.
Thessalonica, Macedonia.
laney
gerizim_blk_res.jpg
(0251) TREBONIANUS GALLUS OR VOLUSIAN? (Mt. Gerizim)27 views251-253 AD
AE 25.5 mm 10.87 g
O: Bust right;
R:Mount Gerizim surmounted by Samaritan temple and altar, stairway to temple, colonnade below, all supported by facing eagle with wings spread
Samaria, Neapolis
laney
cl_goth_iovi_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS18 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21 mm 3.30 g
O: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG radiate draped cuirassed bust right
R: IOVI CONSERVATORI Jupiter standing left holding spear and thunderbolt, eagle at feet left
(Third--final--Emission. A few (4) are recorded by Gyssen in CENB 1999: Not in RIC)
Cyzicus mint.
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probus_mars_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS18 views276 - 282 AD
AE 22 mm, 3.25 g
O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
R: VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy; T in lower right field; XXI in exe.
Siscia mint

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maxentius_discouri_comb_res.jpg
(0306) MAXENTIUS (USURPER)58 views306 - 312 AD
struck 309 AD
AE FOLLIS 24.5 mm 5.78 g
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, LAUR BUST R
R: AETERNITAS AVG N, DIOSCURI STANDING FACING EACH OTHER, WITH STAR ABOVE EACH HEAD, HOLDING HORSES BY BRIDLES, SHE-WOLF AND TWINS BELOW
MOSTB IN EXE
(usurper, killed by Constantine I at Battle of the Milvian Bridge)
OSTIA
RIC (VI) 16
(ex G.Clark)
2 commentslaney
maxentius_discouri_comb_resb.jpg
(0306) MAXENTIUS (USURPER)23 views306 - 312 AD
struck 309 AD
AE FOLLIS 24.5 mm 5.78 g
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, LAUR BUST R
R: AETERNITAS AVG N, DIOSCURI STANDING FACING EACH OTHER, WITH STAR ABOVE EACH HEAD, HOLDING HORSES BY BRIDLES, SHE-WOLF AND TWINS BELOW
MOSTB IN EXE
(usurper, killed by Constantine I at Battle of the Milvian Bridge)
OSTIA
RIC (VI) 16
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max_discouri_comb_resized.jpg
(0306) MAXENTIUS (USURPER)/DIOSCURI AND SHE-WOLF WITH TWINS53 viewsAE FOLLIS 24.5 mm 5.78 g
306 - 12 AD; STRUCK 309 AD
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG
LAUR BUST R
R: AETERNITAS AVG N
DIOSCURI STANDING FACING EACH OTHER, WITH STAR ABOVE EACH HEAD, HOLDING HORSES BY BRIDLES, SHE-WOLF AND TWINS BELOW
MOSTB IN EXE
(usurper, killed by Constantine I at Battle of the Milvian Bridge)
OSTIA
RIC (VI) 16
(ex G.Clark)
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CONSTANS.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS46 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm 2.89 g
O: DN CONSTANS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO
CONSTANS HOLDING CHI-RHO LABARUM AND PHOENIX ON GLOBE, AND STANDING L ON GALLEY PILOTED BY VICTORY
TESG IN EXE
THESSALONICA
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constans_ft_horseman_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS9 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 2.16 g
O: D N CONSTANS P F AVG byst right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO soldier spearing fallen hoseman
Siscia mint
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constans_ft_galley_1_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS22 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.11 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG Bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Emperor standing left holding phoenix on globe in right hand and chi-rho standard in left, on prow of galley piloted by Victory; SARL pellet in exe.
Arles mint
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constans_prow_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS30 views337-350 AD
(struck 348 - 350 AD)
AE 18 mm; 3.12 g
O: D N CONSTA_NS P F AVG Pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO Emperor in military dress standing facing, head left, phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum inscribed with Christogram on banner in left hand, all within galley piloted by Victory; TESB in exergue
Thessalonica mint; RIC VIII, 120
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vetranio_res.jpg
(0350) VETRANIO29 views350 AD
AE 21.5 mm 4.36 g
O: DN VETRANIO PF AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R, "A" BEHIND BUST, STAR IN FRONT
R: HOC SIGNO VICTORERIS
EMPEROR STANDING L HOLDING CHI RHO STANDARD, CROWNED BY VICTORY STANDING BEHIND, "A" LEFT FIELD
SISCIA
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valentinian_i_gloria_cyz_res.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I44 views364 - 375 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.31 g
O: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG - Diademed, draped bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM - Valentinian, holding labarum, advancing right dragging captive by the hair; SMKA in exergue
Cyzicus mint
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valentinian_i.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I--GLORIA (CAPTIVE)58 views364 - 375 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.70 g
O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
DIAD DR BUST R
R:GLORIA ROMANORVM
EMPEROR HOLDING CHI-RHO LABARUM AND DRAGGING CAPTIVE AT LEFT BY HAIR
DOT GSISC IN EXE
SISCIA
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valentinian_ii_b.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--GLORIA (GALLEY)82 views370 - 392 AD
AE 23 mm 5.37 g
O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R IN CRESTED HELMET, HOLDING SPEAR & SHIELD
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM
EMPEROR STANDING L ON PRO OF GALLEY BEING STEERED BY VICTORY, DOT IN L FIELD
SMNB IN EXE
NICOMEDIA
RIC IX Nicomedia 25b-5

3 commentslaney
AELIA_FLAC_.jpg
(0383) AELIA FLACCILLA66 views(wife of Theodosius I)
383 - 388 AD
AE 2, 5.45 g
O: AEL FLACCILLA, DIAD DR BUST R, SEEN FROM FRONT
R: SALVS REIPVBLICAE, VICTORY SEATED R INSCRIBING CHI RHO ON SHIELD SUPPORTED BY COLUMN, "T" IN RIGHT FIELD
ANTE IN EXE
ANTIOCH RIC 61
(OFFICINA E = 5)
(ex HJBerk)
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arcadius.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS46 views383 - 408 AD
Struck 383 - 388 AD
AE 23 mm 4.71 g
O: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R HOLDING SPEAR, CROWNED BY HAND OF GOD ABOVE
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM
ARCADIUS STANDING FACING, HEAD L, HOLDING CHI-RHO STANDARD & SHIELED, CAPTIVE TO LEFT
SMNB IN EXE
NICOMEDIA
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ARCADIUS_7_23.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS26 views383 - 408 AD
(struck ca. 395-401)
AE 17.5 mm 2.65 g
O: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: VIRTVS EXERCITI
ARCADIUS STANDING L HOLDING SPEAR AND RESTING HAND ON SHIELD, BEING CROWNED BY VICTORY, PELLET IN R FIELD
SMHA IN EXE
HERACLEA
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caligula_denarius_augustus_bbb.jpg
(04) CALIGULA21 viewsAR Denarius 18 mm, 3.53 g
37 - 41 AD
Struck 37-38 AD
O: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT [COS] Bare head of Caligula right
R: Radiate head of Divus Augustus right, flanked by stars
Rome; RIC 2; RSC 11; BMCRE 4
ex. Roma Numismatics Auction
2 commentslaney
QUAD_5.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)16 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 14.5 mm, 1.97 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_4.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)15 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 15 mm, 2.22 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_3.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)16 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 14 X 16 mm, 2.66 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QU_AD_2.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)15 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 15 X 17 mm, 3.62 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_1.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)14 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 14.5 X 17.5 mm, 2.75 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_6.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)13 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 15 mm, 3.72 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_8.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)15 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 17 mm, 3.11 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_11.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)13 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 14 X 16 mm, 2.78 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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QUAD_12.jpg
(05) CLAUDIUS (QUADRANS)12 views41 -54 AD
AE QUADRANS 15 mm, 2.03 g
O: Modius with 3 legs surrounded by legend
R: Large SC surrounded by legend
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BYZ_JUSTIN_I_5_NUMMI.jpg
(0518) JUSTIN I32 views518 - 527 AD
AE PENTANUMMIUM 13 mm 2.27 g
O: BUST R
R: LARGE CHI-RHO BETWEEN D AND E
CONSTANTINOPLE
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BYZ_16_NUMMI.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I25 views527 - 565 AD
(struck 538 - 552)
AE 16 NUMMI 21 mm 7.23 g
O: Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justinian I, right
R: Large I surmounted with a cross with star to each side, A at left, SP at right, TES in exergue
Thessalonica
Sear-177, MIBE-169d (scarce version)
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BYZ.jpg
(0527) JUSTINIAN I49 views527-565 AD
Ć Half Follis
O: Helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger and shield; cross to right
R: Large K, ANNO to left, cross above, XX/VI to right, NI below
Nicomedia
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half_follis_3_7.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II43 views565-578 AD
AE HALF FOLLIS 20 mm 5.37 g
O: D N IVSTN-VS P P AVI, Justin and Sophia, side by side, facing
R: Large K with ANNO to left, cross above, DELTA TO R
TES IN EXE
THESSALONIKA
Sear Byz 366
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justin_ii_sophia_2_blk.jpg
(0565) JUSTIN II AND SOPHIA13 views565-578 AD
AE HALF FOLLIS 21.5 mm max, 5.70 g
O: D N IVSTN-VS P P AVI, Justin and Sophia, side by side, facing forward
R: Large K with ANNO to left, cross above, DELTA TO R
TES IN EXE
THESSALONIKA
Sear Byz 366
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nero_altar_b.jpg
(06) NERO19 views54 - 68 AD
AE 27 mm; 11.38 g
O: NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM PM TRP, laureate head left
R: S-C across fields, large altar with two doors and surmounted by ornaments, PROVIDENT in ex.
Balkan mint, possibly Perinthos
RIC (1923) 440; RPC 1761; Cohen 255; WCN p. 245, Moesia 2
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byz_one_bkk.jpg
(0602) PHOCAS14 views602-610.
Struck 603-610, 5th officina
Ć Half Follis 25 mm, 5.63 g
O: Crowned facing bust, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross
R: Large XX; star above; CONЄ
Constantinople mint DOC 37e; SB 644.
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BYZ_HERACLIUS_20_NUMMI.jpg
(0610) HERACLIUS29 views610 - 641 AD
(struck 611 - 617)
AE 20 NUMMI 17 mm 4.72 g
O: DN ERACLIO PP AV
HELMETED CUIR BUST FACING
R: LARGE XX, CROSS ABOVE
KRTG IN EXE
CARTHAGE
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leo_v.jpg
(0813) LEO V (The Armenian)75 views813-820 AD
AE Follis 17 mm X 20 mm 3.01 g
O: Facing bust of Leo with a short beard, wearing a crown and loros and holding cross potent
R: Facing bust of Constantine, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger.
Syracuse mint, Sear Byzantine 1636



2 commentslaney
LEO_VI.jpg
(0886) LEO VI (The Wise)36 views886 - 912 AD
AE FOLLIS 25 mm 6.69 g
O: + LЄOn ЬAS ILЄ[V]S ROm
BUST FACING, WITH SHORT BEARD, WEARING CROWN & CHALMYS
R +LЄOn/Єn ӨЄO ЬA/SILЄVS R/OmЄOn IN FOUR LINES ( Leo by the grace of God king of the Romans )
CONSTANTINOPLE
SBV 1729 - DO8
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TITUS_JUDAEA_RESB.jpg
(11) TITUS26 views79 - 81 AD
AE 23 mm 10.27 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Trophy flanked by Judaea seated left, mourning and shield to right
"Judea Capta"
JUDAEA, CAESAREA MINT

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titus_bery_cm_res.jpg
(11) TITUS29 views69 - 79 AD (as Caesar)
AE 26 mm, 9.2 g
O: Bare head left; c/m (Howgego 243): Astarte standing facing, holding scepter, being crowned by Nike on low column
R: Veiled founder plowing right with two yoked oxen.
Phoenicia, Berytus; RPC 2045
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titus_juidaea_cap_c.jpg
(11) TITUS26 views79 - 81 AD
AE 23 mm 10.27 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Trophy flanked by Judaea seated left, mourning and shield to right
"Judea Capta"
JUDAEA, CAESAREA MINT
79 - 81 AD
AE 23 mm 10.27 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Trophy flanked by Judaea seated left, mourning and shield to right
"Judea Capta"
JUDAEA, CAESAREA MINT
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domitian.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN46 views(by Vespasian)
ca. 69 - 81 AD
AE 26 mm 11.31 g
O: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS III
LAUR HEAD R
R: PAX AVGVSTI S-C
PAX STANDING LEFT HOLDING BRANCH & AESUCEUS, LEANING ON CIPPUS
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Byz_Latin_rulers_of_Const.jpg
(1204) LATIN RULERS OF CONSTANTINOPLE48 views1204 - 1261 AD
Billon Aspron Trachy. 16 mm max., 0.55 g
O: BUST OF CHRIST FACING
R: ARCHANGEL MICHAEL STANDING FACING, HOLDING GLOBUS CRUCIGER
SEAR 2036
(STRUCK FOLLOWING THE LATIN CONQUEST OF CONSTAN5TINOPLE IN THE 4TH CRUSADE)


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commodus_homonia_A.jpg
(177) COMMODUS--ANCHIALOS21 views177 - 192 AD
AE 23.5 mm; 6.21 g
O: AV KAI L AI KOMODOC, laureate, draped bust right.
R: [AGXIA]LEWN, Homonoia standing left by burning altar, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Thrace, Anchialus
Moushmov 2801; Varbanov 106
d.s.
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Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1880 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius86 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
trajanthessalonica.jpg
*Macedonia, Thessalonica. Trajan AE2146 viewsObv: [.....] TRAIANOC, radiate bust r.
Rev: ThES SALO NIKE WN, in four lines, surmounted by eagle within double ring of dots.
ancientone
Titus.jpg
*SOLD*39 viewsTitus AR Denarius

Attribution: RIC 128, RSC 321, BMCRE 78
Date: AD 80
Obverse: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN P M, laureate head r.
Reverse: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, tripod surmounted by dolphin
Size: 18.2 mm
Weight: 3.074 grams
ex-Forvm
2 commentsNoah
Crispus_12.jpg
*SOLD*25 viewsCrispus AE3

Attribution: RIC 201, S.3924v, Siscia
Date: AD 317-326
Obverse: IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust r.
Reverse: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS, camp gate surmounted by two turrets,
* above, BSIS in exergue
Size: 18.7 mm
Noah
AugI439.jpg
- 27 BC - 14 AD - Augustus - RIC I 439 - As with "S C" Reverse105 viewsEmperor: Augustus (r. 27 BC - 14 AD)
Date: 6 BC
Condition: Fair
Denomination: As

Obverse: CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT
Caesar Augustus Chief Priest Tribune
Bare head right

Reverse: SEX NONIVS QVINCTILIAN IIIVIR AAAFF around S C.
Sex. Nonius Quinctilianus of The Three Men for Striking and Casting Gold, Silver and Bronze by Senatorial Decree.

Rome mint
RIC I Augustus 439
10.07g; 26.5mm; 270°
1 commentsPep
valerianAntioch.jpg
-Pisidia, Antioch. Valerian I. AD 253-260.48 viewsĆ 22mm. Radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / ANTIO-C-H-I COL, S-R across field, vexillum surmounted by an eagle, between two standards. Krzyzanowska VII/18; SNG France 13162 commentsancientone
ZeugInHandSideSmaller.jpg
...and another shot of the Carthaginian crusher62 viewsLooks a lot like a Reese's Peanut Butter Cup, doesn't it?

YUM!

ZEUGITANA, Carthage. 15 shekel.
AE45, 95.4g
circa 200 BC
Obverse: head of Tanit
Reverse: horse standing right, left foreleg up; above, radiate disc flanked by uraei

I don't have a reference book and the only other picture of one I've found is on the magnagraecia.nl site. Their list indicates four specimens known to them. Don't know if this is one of the four.
TIF
Miletlionhead112.jpg
0. Miletus71 viewsMiletus
AR 1/12 stater
c. 500 BC (minted begining 550 and ending 494 when Miletus was destroyed by Persia)

obv. lion head facing right
Zam
V539.jpg
00 Domitian as Caesar RIC 53987 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome mint, 73 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS II; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: No legend; Domitian on horse l.; cloak flying out behind, r. hand raised, sceptre in l.
RIC 539 (R). BMC 122. RSC 665. BNC -.
Acquired from NumisCorner, June 2018.

This is the first denarius struck at Rome for Domitian as Caesar. Fittingly, it commemorates Domitian's appearance at Vespasian and Titus' joint Jewish War Triumph - 'while taking part in the Judaean triumph, he rode on a white horse' (Suetonius, Domitian, ii), which was the normal conduct for a young prince on such occasions. The type was struck in three variants: firstly, with a clockwise obverse legend and DOMITIAN fully spelled out, as we see here. Secondly, it was shortened to DOMIT, with the legend still running clockwise. Lastly, the legend direction was changed to counter clockwise with DOMIT. The first two variants are quite rare, the last relatively common. On this coin we see a cloak flying out from behind Domitian. This interesting detail only appears on a few coins from the first variant and does not show up on subsequent issues of the type. Most likely this variant with the cloak was the earliest version of the type which was then quickly simplified by dropping the cloak all together.

Well centred in good early style.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus32 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
3350438.jpg
000b. Pompey the Great52 viewsThe Pompeians. Sextus Pompey. 37/6 BC. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.49 g, 9h). Uncertain Sicilian mint, possibly Catana. Bare head of Pompey the Great right; capis to left, lituus to right / Neptune, holding aplustre and resting right foot on prow, standing left between the Catanaean brothers Anapias and Amphinomus running in opposite directions, bearing their parents on their shoulders. Crawford 511/3a; CRI 334; Sydenham 1344; RSC 17 (Pompey the Great). Fine, lightly toned, bankers’ marks on obverse.

AMPHINOMUS and ANAPIS (or Anapias), two brothers, of Silicy, respecting whom it is related that they saved their parents, at the peril of their own lives, from the flames of Etna, at the moment when an eruption of that volcano threatened their immediate destruction. This was a favourite subject with the ancients, in symbolising filial piety; and is often represented on Greek coins of Catana (Catania), where this noble action is alleged to have been performed. Of these two Sicilian brothers, types of that devoted love, which is ever cherished by good children towards the earthly anthors of their being, Cornelius Severus, alluding to Mount Edna, thus expresses himself: "Amphinomus and his brother, both equally courageous in the performance of a duty, whilst the flames murmured their threats against the neighbouring houses, rescue their decrepid father, and their aged mother."
1 commentsecoli
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey75 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

Check
ecoli
Byzantine1.jpg
001 - Anonymus follis class A2 - Sear 181346 viewsObv: +EMMANOVHA, Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium and colobium, and holding book of Gospels, the cover ornamented with central pellet in border of dots. To left IC and to right XC.
Rev: IhSYS / XRISTYS / bASILEY / bASILE in foyr lines. Dot above and below.
This type is attributed to the joint regin of Basil II and Constantine VIII 976-1025 AD.
30.0 mm. diameter.
pierre_p77
RI 001a img.jpg
001 - Augustus As (as Ceasar under Augustus) - RIC 230101 viewsĆ As.
Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

Rare countermark
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Prob3.jpg
001 - Probus Antoniniani - RIC 18763 viewsObv: PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
Rev: ROMA AETER, Roma seated in temple, holding Victory and sceptre.
Minted in Rome (RV Δ in exe) Emission 7 Officina 4, AD 282.

This coin is part of the AEQVITI series of Rome (V).
pierre_p77
Caesar_AR-Den-plated_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1014_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-002_5h_17x20mm_2,26g-s~0.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 443-1, Plated (Fouree), Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), #266 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 443-1, Plated (Fouree), Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), #2
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 17-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axes: 5h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-002
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
1 commentsquadrans
Caesar_AR-Den_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1006_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-001_axis-7h_xxmm_x,xxxg-s.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, #1182 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, #1
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,65g, axes: 10h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-001
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
quadrans
Caesar_AR-Den-plated_CAESAR-elephant-right__Syd-1014_Crawf_443-1_C-49_Gaul-mint_49-48-BC_Q-002_5h_17x20mm_2,26g-s.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #2114 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 443-1, Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), AR-denarius, Plated (Fouree), #2
avers:-CAESAR in exergue, elephant right, trampling on serpent.
revers:- Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf's head) and priest's hat.
exerg:-/-//CAESAR, diameter: 17-20mm, weight: 2,66g, axes: 5h,
mint: Military mint travelling with Caesar (Gaul), date: 49-48 B.C., ref: Crawford-443/1, Sydneham-1006, RSC-49, BMCRR (Gaul) 27
Q-002
"This is the first coin struck in the name of Julius Caesar. The symbolism on the obverse apparently alludes to the conquest of good over evil, Caesar's victory over the Gauls, while the reverse refers to Caesar's possession of the office of Pontifex Maximus."
quadrans
Caesar_AR-Den_Diademed-Venus-Head-Right_C·CAESAR_–_IMP·COS·ITER_A·ALLIENVS_–_PRO·COS_Syd-1022_Crawf_457-1_C-13_Sicily-mint_47-BC_Q-001_axis-9h_17-18,5mm_3,53g-s.jpg
001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 457-1, Sicily, AR-denarius, A·ALLIENVS–PRO·COS, Trinacrus standing left,232 views001 Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Crawf 457-1, Sicily, AR-denarius, A·ALLIENVS–PRO·COS, Trinacrus standing left,
avers:- C·CAESAR–IMP·COS·ITER, Diademed, draped Venus Head Right,
revers:- A·ALLIENVS–PRO·COS, Trinacrus standing left, placing right foot on prow, holding trisceles in right hand and cloak in left.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,59g, axes: 6h,
mint: Sicily, date: 47B.C., ref: Crawford-457/1, Sydneham-1022, Babelon-Julia-14, Alliena-1, C-1,
Q-001
"In late 47 BC Caesar was on Sicily, preparing for his assault on the Pompeian forces in north Africa. During this period a small issue of denarii was produced in his name by Aulus Allienus, then the proconsul of Sicily. The reverse shows a figure of Trinacrus, supposedly a son of Neptune, who may have been invented to account for the name Trinacria, commonly used for Sicily. The coins of Allienus must have seen considerable circulation: almost all surviving specimens are considerably worn."
3 commentsquadrans
augustusdenarius~0.JPG
001. Augustus, 27BC-14AD. AR Denarius. Ob Civis Servatos.67 viewsAR Denarius. Tarraco mint. 19 B.C.
Obv. Bare head right CAESAR AVGVSTVS

Rev. OB CIVIS SERVATOS below and above wreath.

RIC I 75a, RSC 210, BMCRE 376-7 = BMCRR Rome 4389-90, BN 1164-9. gVF.

Incredibly high relief, almost 2mm from the fields. Wear only on the highest curls. Assigned to Tarraco by style based on work by Richard Prideauxin Triton XI.
LordBest
145234.jpg
001. Julius Caesar123 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-48 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.60 g). Military mint traveling with Caesar. Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent / Simpulum, sprinkler, axe (surmounted by a wolf’s head), and priest’s hat. Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49. VF, toned
Ex-Cng
4 commentsecoli
105141.jpg
001. MARK ANTONY161 viewsJULIUS CAESAR and MARK ANTONY. 43 BC.

Hardly any of his assassins survived Caesar for more than three years, or died a natural death. They were all condemned, and they perished in various ways---some by shipwreck, some in battle; some took their own lives with the self-same dagger with which they had impiously slain Caesar.

Fourré Denarius (19mm, 3.63 gm).

Obv: Bare head of Mark Antony right; lituus behind
Rev: Laureate head of Julius Caesar right, jug behind.
Ref: Crawford 488/1; CRI 118; Sydenham 1165; RSC 2. Near VF, porous, several large breaks in plating revealing the copper core.
Source: Ex Classical Numismatic Group 55 (13 September 2000), lot 1087.
Ex CNG Electronic Auction 105 lot 141 229/150
BFBV

I don't usually buy fourres; but in reality, I have no chance of owning this popular type given my budget.
1 commentsecoli
Aes_Rude~0.jpg
001.1 Aes Rude 2341 viewsRoman Republic. c. 4th C. BC. (15.57 grams. 22x22x7 mm). Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria. Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude, or rough bronze, was used for trade in on the Italian peninsula prior to the use of actual coins. These bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually surpassed by marked bars (Aes Signatum).
1 commentsLucas H
Aes_Rude.jpg
001.2 Aes Rude85 viewsRoman Republic. c. 5th-3rd C. BC. Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria.
(19.37 grams. 21x20x7 mm). Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude means rough bronze, and prior to the use of actual coins, these bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually given markings (Aes Signa).
2 commentsLucas H
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001.Claudius 41-54 AD33 viewsAE As
Mint: Rome, Date:41-50 AD
Ref: RIC I-95
Obv: TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP - Bare head left
Rev: CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI S-C-Constantia standing front, head turned left, Right hand up, holding spear.
S-C -Senatus Consulto,struck by the public authority of the Senate,"by decree of the Senate"
Size: 28 mm;8.86 gms
Ref: RIC I-95
brian l
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0017 - Denarius Octavian 30-29 BC54 viewsObv/Octavian head as Apollo, laureate, r.
Rev/IMP CAESAR, rostral column surmonted by cloaked figure (Octavian?), r. holding spear, l. parazonium.

Ag, 20.1mm, 3.47g
Mint: Rome.
RIC I/271 [S] - BMCRE 633 - BMCRR 4349 - RCV 1559 - Cohen (Imp.) 124 - Cohen (Rep.) 86 - Calicó 686 - RSC Augustus 124
ex-Kuenker, auction 124, lot 8598
4 commentsdafnis
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-30_Syd-1235_RSC-30_Q-001_5h_16,8-17mm_2,72g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,129 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,8-17mm, weight: 2,72g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/30, Sydneham-1235, RSC-47,
Q-001
"Legion XV Apollinaris was raised by Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 53 BC. In the time of Augustus-Tiberius the legion was stationed in Ljubljana, then in Carnuntum and later in Alexandria and took part in the Jewish War and the capture of Jerusalem. In the 2nd and 3rd century the legion fought mainly in the East against the Parthians."
1 commentsquadrans
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001a. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony50 viewsSYRIA, Coele-Syria. Chalcis ad Libanum. Mark Antony, with Cleopatra VII. 36-31 BC. Ć 19mm (5.45 g, 12h). Dated RY 21 (Egyptian) and 6 (Phoenician) of Cleopatra (32/1 BC). Draped bust of Cleopatra right, wearing stephane / Bare head of Mark Antony right; dates in legend. RPC I 4771; Rouvier 440 (Berytus); SNG München 1006; SNG Copenhagen 383 (Phoenicia). Near Fine, green patina.

Chalcis was given by Antony to Cleopatra in 36 BC. At the culmination of his spectacular triumph at Alexandria two years later, further eastern territories - some belonging to Rome - were bestowed on the children of the newly hailed “Queen of Kings” (referred to as the “Donations of Alexandria”). Shortly after, Antony formally divorced Octavia, the sister of Octavian. These actions fueled Octavian’s propagandistic efforts to win the support of Rome’s political elite and ultimately led to the Senate’s declaration of war on Cleopatra in 32 BC.

Ex-CNG
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002 - Maurice Tiberius (582-602 AD), tremissis - Sear 48850 viewsObv: D N TIbERI PP AVG. diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: --NTORI -AVRI AVG, cross potent.
Minted in Constantinople (CONOB in exe).

Note the rev. inscription that seems to be misspelled, it should read VICTORI MAVRI AVG.
pierre_p77
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002 - Nero (54-68 AD), as - RIC 54369 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left.
Rev: S - C, Victory flying left holding shield inscribed S P Q R.
Minted in Lugdunum c. 66 AD.

The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. (From: Forum Ancient Coin´s catalog nr 28743, after Roman History from Coins by Michael Grant).
3 commentspierre_p77
A-23_Rep_AR-Quinarius_Augustus_AVGVST-Head-Augustus-r__P-CARIS-I-LEG-Victory-r_-crowning-trophy_RIC-I-1a_RSC-386_Emerita-mint_25-23-BC_Q-001_axis-2h_12,5-15mm_1,41g-s.jpg
002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 001a, Emerita, AR-Quinarius, P CARIS I LEG, Victory standing right and Trophy,277 views002 Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), RIC I 001a, Emerita, AR-Quinarius, P CARIS I LEG, Victory standing right and Trophy,
avers:- AVGVST, Bare head of Augustus right,
revers:- P-CARIS-I-LEG, Victory draped standing right, with both hands placing wreath on trophy, consisting of helmet and cuirass, against base of trophy, dagger to left and curved sword with hilt closed by a bar to right .
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 12,5-15mm, weight: 1,41g, axes: 2h,
mint: Emerita, date: 25-23 B.C., ref: RIC-I-1a, C-386,
Q-001
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002 Brutus AR Denarius29 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus (54 BC). AR denarius
(20.36 mm 4.04 g.). Rome.
Obv: Head of Libertas right
Rev: The consul Lucius Junius Brutus walking left between two lictors, carrying axes over their shoulders, and preceded by an accensus; BRVTVS in exergue.
Crawford 433/1. Sydenham 906. RSC Junia 31.
Purchased March 23, 2017 from Munzenkontor Kornbum on MA-Shops
1 commentsorfew
Aigina_turtle.jpg
002a, Aigina, Islands off Attica, Greece, c. 510 - 490 B.C.83 viewsSilver stater, S 1849, SNG Cop 503, F, 12.231g, 22.3mm, Aigina (Aegina) mint, c. 510 - 490 B.C.; Obverse: sea turtle (with row of dots down the middle); Reverse: incuse square of “Union Jack” pattern; banker's mark obverse. Ex FORVM.


Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson

Turtles, the archaic currency of Aegina, are among the most sought after of all ancient coins. Their early history is somewhat of a mystery. At one time historians debated whether they or the issuances of Lydia were the world's earliest coins. The source of this idea comes indirectly from the writings of Heracleides of Pontus, a fourth century BC Greek scholar. In the treatise Etymologicum, Orion quotes Heracleides as claiming that King Pheidon of Argos, who died no later than 650 BC, was the first to strike coins at Aegina. However, archeological investigations date the earliest turtles to about 550 BC, and historians now believe that this is when the first of these intriguing coins were stamped.

Aegina is a small, mountainous island in the Saronikon Gulf, about midway between Attica and the Peloponnese. In the sixth century BC it was perhaps the foremost of the Greek maritime powers, with trade routes throughout the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is through contacts with Greeks in Asia Minor that the idea of coinage was probably introduced to Aegina. Either the Lydians or Greeks along the coast of present day Turkey were most likely the first to produce coins, back in the late seventh century. These consisted of lumps of a metal called electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) stamped with an official impression to guarantee the coin was of a certain weight. Aegina picked up on this idea and improved upon it by stamping coins of (relatively) pure silver instead electrum, which contained varying proportions of gold and silver. The image stamped on the coin of the mighty sea power was that of a sea turtle, an animal that was plentiful in the Aegean Sea. While rival cities of Athens and Corinth would soon begin limited manufacture of coins, it is the turtle that became the dominant currency of southern Greece. The reason for this is the shear number of coins produced, estimated to be ten thousand yearly for nearly seventy years. The source for the metal came from the rich silver mines of Siphnos, an island in the Aegean. Although Aegina was a formidable trading nation, the coins seemed to have meant for local use, as few have been found outside the Cyclades and Crete. So powerful was their lure, however, that an old proverb states, "Courage and wisdom are overcome by Turtles."

The Aeginean turtle bore a close likeness to that of its live counterpart, with a series of dots running down the center of its shell. The reverse of the coin bore the imprint of the punch used to force the face of the coin into the obverse turtle die. Originally this consisted of an eight-pronged punch that produced a pattern of eight triangles. Later, other variations on this were tried. In 480 BC, the coin received its first major redesign. Two extra pellets were added to the shell near the head of the turtle, a design not seen in nature. Also, the reverse punch mark was given a lopsided design.

Although turtles were produced in great quantities from 550 - 480 BC, after this time production dramatically declines. This may be due to the exhaustion of the silver mines on Siphnos, or it may be related to another historical event. In 480 BC, Aegina's archrival Athens defeated Xerxes and his Persian armies at Marathon. After this, it was Athens that became the predominant power in the region. Aegina and Athens fought a series of wars until 457 BC, when Aegina was conquered by its foe and stripped of its maritime rights. At this time the coin of Aegina changed its image from that of the sea turtle to that of the land tortoise, symbolizing its change in fortunes.

The Turtle was an object of desire in ancient times and has become so once again. It was the first coin produced in Europe, and was produced in such great quantities that thousands of Turtles still exist today. Their historical importance and ready availability make them one of the most desirable items in any ancient coin enthusiast's collection.

(Greek Turtles, by Gary T. Anderson .
1 commentsCleisthenes
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002c. Gaius and Lucius Caesars65 viewsJulia, daughter of Augustus, who has had no child by Marcellus (she is only sixteen when he dies), is married to Agrippa, a soldier who has long been the emperor's most trusted supporter. They have two sons, Gaius and Lucius, born in 20 and 17 BC. The boys are adopted by the emperor. The intention now, if Augustus dies, is that Agrippa should rule until one of these grandsons is of an age to take control. But Agrippa dies in 12 BC.

Julia has had a total of five children by Agrippa (the two sons adopted by the emperor, two daughters, and another posthumous son, Agrippa Posthumus). She now has one son by Tiberius, but the child dies in infancy.

By 6 BC it is evident that Tiberius is being set aside. Julia refuses to live with him, and her eldest son Gaius (at the age of fourteen) is given a nominal high appointment as consul. Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons and adopted sons of the emperor, are now clearly the family members in line for the succession. But they die young, Lucius Caesar in AD 2 and then Gaius in AD 4.

LYDIA, Magnesia ad Sipylum. Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. Ć 19mm (4.93 g). Jugate heads of Augustus and Livia right / Confronted heads of Gaius and Lucius Caesars. RPC 2449. Fair. Rare. Ex-Cng
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003 - John I Tzimisces (969-976 AD), Millaresion - Sear 179241 viewsObv: +IhSyS XRISTyS NICA*, Cross crosslet on globus above two steps. at centre, circular medallion containing facing bust of John with short beard, wearing crown and loros and dividing the inscription I/W - A/N. Triple border ornamented with eight equally spaced glbules.
Rev: IWANN / EN XW AVTO / CRAT´EVESb´/ bASILEVS / RWMAIW´in five lines, -:- above and beneath, triple bordet as on obv.
1 commentspierre_p77
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003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)67 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ćlius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
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0032 - Denarius Marcia 134 BC32 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind modius, before crossed X.
Rev/Victory in biga r., holding reins in l. and whip in r. hand; below M MAR C, below RO MA divided by two grain ears.

Ag, 19.7mm, 3.79g
Moneyer: M.Marcius Mn.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 245/1 [dies o/r: 120/150] - BMCRR 1008 - Syd. 500.
ex-Valencia Coin Market 20 may 2007
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0037 - Denarius Carisia 46 BC46 viewsObv/ Head of Sibyl r.
Rev/ Sphinx r.; above, T CARISIVS; in ex., III VIR.

Ag, 17.7 mm, 3.73 g
Moneyer: T. Carisius
Mint: Rome.
RRC RRC 464/1 [dies o/r: 117/130] - BMCRR Rome 4060 - RSC Carisia 10 - Syd. 983 - Calicó 389
ex-Baldwin’s, Argentum auction A207, lot 608
1 commentsdafnis
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003a. Drusus136 viewsDrusus

Tiberius' son, Drusus Caesar, d. 23, called Drusus Junior, served in the provinces Pannonia ( 15) and in Illyricum ( 17? 20). In 22 he was made tribune. Meanwhile, Sejanus, Tiberius' minister, had become jealous of Drusus' power and tried to turn Tiberius against him. Drusus may have been poisoned by Sejanus or by his wife under Sejanus' influence.

As. Sear 2594, restitution issue by Titus. 10.0 g, 26x27 mm. Glossy dark green patina with slight roughness. OBV.: Drusus left, DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N. REV.: IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG REST around SC.
1 commentsecoli73
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003b. Nero & Drusus Caesars33 viewsNero & Drusus Caesars, brothers of Caligula.

There father Germanicus was Heir Apparent to his own adoptive father Emperor Tiberius, but Germanicus predeceased the Emperor in 19. He was replaced as heir by Julius Caesar Drusus, son of Tiberius and his first wife Vipsania Agrippina. But he too predeceased the Emperor on July 1, 23.

Nero and his younger brother Drusus were the oldest adoptive grandsons of Tiberius. They jointly became Heirs Apparent. However, both were accused of treason along with their mother in AD 32. Nero was exiled to an island and Drusus in a prison where they either starved to death or was murdered by order of the emperor in AD 33.

Dupondius. Rome mint, struck under Caligula, 37-38 AD. NERO ET DRVSVS CAESARES, Nero & Drusus on horseback riding right / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large S C.
Cohen 1. RIC 34

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004 Hadrian Denarius 117 AD Trajan and Hadrian standing vis-ŕ-vis eastern mint32 viewsReference.
Strack *3; Paris 4616

Obv. IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIANO AVG DIVI TRA
Laureate, cuirassed bust right, baldric strap over shoulder and across chest, seen from front.

Rev. PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P ADOPTIO in exergue
Trajan holding with both hands, Hadrian's right hand; left hand on hip

2.73 gr
18 mm
6h

Note.
This early series celebrates the adoption of Hadrian by Trajan, therefore legitimizing Hadrian's succession to the people.
on Rome Mint Trajan or both would hold a volumen/rolls
2 commentsokidoki
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004. Caligula 41 viewsGAIUS (CALIGULA). 37-41 AD.

Whatever damage Tiberius's later years had done to the carefully crafted political edifice created by Augustus, Gaius multiplied it a hundredfold. When he came to power in A.D. 37 Gaius had no administrative experience beyond his honorary quaestorship, and had spent an unhappy early life far from the public eye. He appears, once in power, to have realized the boundless scope of his authority and acted accordingly. His reign highlighted an inherent weakness in the Augustan Principate, raw monarchy in which only the self-discipline of the incumbent acted as a restraint on his behavior.

Ć As (28mm, 10.19 gm). Rome mint. Struck 37-38 AD. Bare head left / Vesta seated left, holding patera and sceptre. RIC I 38; Cohen 27. Near VF, dark brown surfaces. Ex-CNG
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0046 - Denarius Licinia 47 BC37 viewsObv/Laureate head of Fides r., behind NERVA, before FIDES.
Rev/Horseman galloping r., dragging captive by the hair, A LICINI below, III VIR in field.

Ag, 18.5mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: A. Licinius Nerva.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 454/1 [dies o/r: 66/73] - Syd. 954 - RCV 430 - Calicó 891 - RSC Licinia 24.
ex-Inclinatio Roma (vcoins)
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004b. Agrippina Senior51 viewsAgrippina Senior. Died AD 33. Ć Sestertius (34mm, 24.10 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 40-41. Draped bust right / Carpentum drawn left by two mules. RIC I 55 (Gaius); Trillmich Group I. Good Fine, dark gray-brown patina, rough surfaces.

Check

From the Ronald J. Hansen Collection. Ex Noble 79 (26 July 2005), lot 3590.

Ex-CNG printed sale 94 320/300
1 commentsecoli
Augustus_AE-AS_C-CAESAR-AVG-GERMANICVS-PON-M-TR-POT_VESTA_S-C_RIC-xx_BMC-xx_C-xx_Rome-40-41-AD_Q-001_h_27-30mm_6,95g-s.jpg
005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 082 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, (Commemorative by Tiberius) Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides,91 views005 Tiberius (14-37 A.D.), RIC I 082 (Tiberius), Rome, AE-As, (Commemorative by Tiberius) Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides,
avers:- DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, Radiate head left.
revers:- Eagle standing facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 6,95 g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 21-22 A.D., ref: RIC I 82 (Tiberius), Cohen 247(Augustus), BMC 155
Q-001
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005. Constantius Gallus Cyzicus Fel Temp10 viewsCyzikus 103..

Ided by dot S dot marking and horseman type. Mint mark unknown.
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005. Mn. Fonteius, Cf15 viewsDenarius, ca 85-84 BC, Auxiliary Italian mint.
Obverse: MN FONTEI CF / Bust of Vejovis with hair in loose locks; thunderbolt below; AP monogram under chin.
Reverse: Winged Cupid or Genius seated on goat; caps of the Dioscuri above; thyrsus with fillet below; all within a laurel wreath.
3.89 gm., 20 mm.
Syd. #724; RSC #Fonteia 9; Sear #271.

Vejovis was an ancient deity whose early function was forgotten. At his shrine in Rome, his statue portrayed him as a young beardless youth with a goat. By the time this coin was issued, he was identified with Pluto, the god of the underworld. He was probably a god of expiation since a goat was sacrificed to him once a year. We know from other sources that this goat sacrifice was expiatory in nature.
Callimachus
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005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm193 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
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005a. Antonia35 viewsAntonia

she exposed a plot between her daughter Livilla and Sejanus, Tiberius's Praetorian Prefect. This led to Sejanus's downfall and to the death of Livilla. Claudius, her biggest disappointment (she once called him a "monster") was the only one of her children to survive her.

She committed suicide in 37 AD on Caligula's orders after expressing unhappiness over the murder of her youngest grandson, Tiberius Gemellus. There is a passage in Suetonius's "Life of Gaius" that mentions how Caligula may have given her poison himself. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives.

Ć Dupondius (10.61 gm). Struck by Claudius. Draped bust right / Claudius standing left, holding simpulum. RIC I 92 (Claudius); BMCRE 166 (same); Cohen 6. Ex-CNG

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005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

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005c. Germanicus48 viewsGermanicus

After the death of Augustus in 14, the Senate appointed Germanicus commander of the forces in Germania. A short time after, the legions rioted on the news that the succession befell on the unpopular Tiberius. Refusing to accept this, the rebel soldiers cried for Germanicus as emperor. But he chose to honor Augustus' choice and put an end to the mutiny, preferring to continue only as a general. In the next two years, he subdued the Germanic tribes east of the Rhine, and assured their defeat in the Battle of the Weser River in 16.

Germanicus died in Alexandria, Egypt. His death was surrounded with speculations, and several sources refer to claims that he was poisoned by Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, governor of Syria, under orders of the emperor Tiberius.

AS, struck under Caligula. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVGVST F DIVI AVG N, bare head left / C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT around large SC. Cohen 1.

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005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Ć 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
Arcadius_dec.jpg
006 - Arcadius (383-408 AD) AE 3 - RIC 25c36 viewsObv: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS EXERCITI, Arcadius standing facing, holding spear and leaning on shield, being crowned with wreath by Victory standing left, also holding palm branch.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMKB in exe), second officina, 395-401 AD.
pierre_p77
0060.jpg
0060 - Denarius Minucia 134 BC31 viewsObv/Helmeted head of Roma r., behind crossed X.
Rev/TI MINVCI C F on l., RO MA above, AVGVRINI on r.; 2 togate figures, one holding a simpulum, the other a lituus, standing by statue on column.

Ag, 19.0mm, 3.93g
Moneyer: Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 243/1 [dies o/r: 76/95] - RCV 120 - Syd. 494 - RSC Minucia 9 - Calicó 1026.
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 311 (ex-colln. A.Senden)
dafnis
0066~0.jpg
0066 - Denarius Septimius Severus 210 AC12 viewsObv/SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head of Septimius r.
Rev/PM TR P XVIII COS III PP, Jupiter standing l., holding thunderbolt and sceptre; two children standing by him, l. and r.

Ag, 19.9mm, 2.77g
Mint: Rome.
RIC IVa/240 [C] - RSC 540.
ex-Helios Numismatik, auction 1, lot 305 (ex-colln. F.Kovacs, lot 1833)
dafnis
0067~0.jpg
0067 - Denarius Marcus Aurelius 162 AC9 viewsObv/DIVVS ANTONINVS, head of Antoninus Pius r.
Rev/DIVO PIO, column surmounted by statue of Antoninus.

Ag, 17.9mm, 3.07g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/439 [C] - BMCRE 67 - RCV 5195 - RSC Antoninus 353a.
dafnis
0068~0.jpg
0068 - Denarius Marcus Aurelius 162 AC13 viewsObv/DIVVS ANTONINVS, head of Antoninus Pius r., draped on l. shoulder.
Rev/DIVO PIO, column surmounted by statue of Anoninus.

Ag, 17.2mm, 2.79g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/440 [C] - RSC Antoninus 353
dafnis
0069~0.jpg
0069 - Denarius Marcus Aurelius 161 AC12 viewsObv/DIVVS ANTONINVS, head of Antoninus Pius r.
Rev/CONSECRATIO, pyre of four tiers, decorated with hangings and garlands, surmounted by quadriga.

Ag, 17.6mm, 2.59g
Mint: Rome.
RIC III/436 [C] - RCV 5190 - BMCRE 41 - RSC Antoninus 154.
dafnis
4140400.jpg
006a. Claudia16 viewsEGYPT, Alexandria. Nero, with Claudia. AD 54-68. BI Tetradrachm (22mm, 10.74 g, 12h). Dated RY 3 (AD 56/57). Laureate head of Nero right / Draped bust of Claudia Octavia right; L Γ (date) below chin. Köln 122-4; Dattari (Savio) 190; K&G 14.7; RPC I 5202; Emmett 127.3. Near VF. Ex - CNG

Furthermore, the carefully contrived marriage between Octavia and Nero was a disaster on a personal level. Nero soon embarked on a serious relationship with a freedman named Acte, and more importantly developed an active dislike for his wife. "Quickly feeling aversion to intimacy with Octavia, he replied to his friends who were finding fault with him that she ought to be satisfied with the outward trappings of a wife." This antipthy was not likely to produce offspring who would unite the Julian and Claudian lines. By 58 Nero was becoming involved with a freeborn mistress, Poppaea, whom he would want to make his empress in exchange for Octavia. But the legitimacy of his principate derived from his relationship with his predecessor, and he was not so secure that he could do without the connection with Claudius provided through his mother and his wife. In 59 he was able to arrange for Agrippina's death, but it was not until 62 that he felt free to divorce Octavia and marry Poppaea. The initial grounds for putting Octavia aside was the charge that she was barren because she had had no children. But a more aggressive attack was needed when opposition arose from those who still challenged Nero's prncipate and remained loyal to Octavia as the last representative of her family. With the connivance of Poppaea, charges of adultery were added, Octavia was banished to Campania and then to the island of Pandataria off the coast, and finally killed. Her severed head was sent to Rome.
2 commentsecoli
Crepusius-Syd-738.jpg
007. P. Crepusius.27 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Laureate bust of Apollo; sceptre and E at left; symbol under chin.
Reverse: P CREPVSI / Horseman galloping, hurling spear. Roman numeral CCCXXXXVI above.
4.07 gm., 17.5 mm.
Syd. #738a; RSC #Crepusia 1; Sear #283.

The Roman numerals on this coin series run from I to DXXIII (1 - 523). Aside from numbering the reverse dies, their significance is unknown. The symbol under Apollo's chin is said to be a shell by Stevenson (p. 295), but it could easily be a turtle or even something else.
1 commentsCallimachus
008_Heraclius,_Heraclonas,_Heraclius_Constantine.JPG
008. Heraclius 610-641. AE 40 Nummi.40 viewsObv. Heraclius flanked by Heraclonas and Heracius Constantine.
Rev. Large M, ANNO above, XXII to right.
? Mint.
LordBest
101112.jpg
008. Otho 69 AD314 viewsOTHO. 69 AD.

Otho remains an enigma - part profligate Neronian wastrel and part conscientious military commander willing to give his life for the good of the state. Our sources are at a loss to explain the paradox. Neither Otho's person nor his bearing suggested such great courage. He is said to have been of moderate height, splay-footed and bandy-legged, but almost feminine in his care of his person. He had the hair of his body plucked out, and because of the thinness of his locks wore a wig so carefully fashioned and fitted to his head, that no one suspected it. Moreover, they say that he used to shave every day and smear his face with moist bread, beginning the practice with the appearance of the first down, so as never to have a beard; also that he used to celebrate the rites of Isis publicly in the linen garment prescribed by the cult.

AR Denarius (18mm, 3.20 gm). Bare head left / Securitas standing left, holding wreath and sceptre. RIC I 12; RSC 19. Fine. Ex-CNG
2 commentsecoli73
0010-015.jpg
0083 - Republic, Didrachm (Quadrigatus)53 viewsRome or other italian mint, c 215-211 BC
Laureate janiform head of Dioscuri
ROMA in relief in linear frame at exergue, Jupiter, holding thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, in fast quadriga driven right by Victory.
6,69 gr - 20-21 mm
Ref : RCV #33, RSC # 24
3 commentsPotator II
0089.jpg
0089 - Denarius Furia 119 BC37 viewsObv/ M FOVRI L F, laureate head of Janus.
Rev/ Roma standing l., holding sceptre in l. hand and crowning trophy with r. hand; behind, ROMA; above, star; on the l. field, trophy surmounted by a helmet in the form of a boar's head and flanked by carnyx and shield on each side; in ex. PHILI.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 3.90 g
Moneyer: M. Furius L.f. Philus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 281/1 [dies o/r: 393/491] - BMCRR Italy 555 - Bab. Furia 18 - Sydenham 529
ex-inAsta, auction 38, lot 473
dafnis
Mamillius-Syd-741.jpg
009. C. Mamilius Limetanus.64 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Bust of Mercury wearing winged hat; caduceus and the letter I behind.
Reverse: C MAMIL LIMETAN / Ulysses, dressed like a Greek sailor, being recognized by his dog Argus upon returning to Ithaca.
4.06 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #741; RSC #Mamilia 6; Sear #282.

The Mamilia gens claimed descent from Mamilia, the daughter of Telgonius, reputed son of Ulysses. Mercury is an ancestor of Ulysses.

The story as told in Homer's "Odyssey" is somewhat different from that portrayed on this coin. When Ulysses returned to Ithaca after twenty years, he found his dog Argus lying on a dung heap and nearly dead. Argus had only enough strength to wag his tail in recognition of his master's voice before he died. Be that as it may, this is still an elegant portrayal of this touching scene, the likes of which are rarely found on Roman coinage.

2 commentsCallimachus
99104.jpg
009. Vitellius 69 AD155 viewsVITELLIUS. 69 AD.

Without doubt, the most fortuitous moment in Vitellius' political career was his appointment as governor of Lower Germany by the emperor Galba late in 68.

Vitellius has not escaped the hostility of his biographers. While he may well have been gluttonous, his depiction as indolent, cruel, and extravagant is based almost entirely on the propaganda of his enemies. On the other hand, whatever moderating tendencies he did show were overshadowed by his clear lack of military expertise, a deficiency that forced him to rely in critical situations on largely inneffective lieutenants. As a result he was no match for his Flavian successors, and his humiliating demise was perfectly in keeping with the overall failure of his reign.

AR Denarius (20mm, 3.24 gm). Rome mint. Laureate head right / Tripod-lebes; dolphin above, raven below. RIC I 109; RSC 111. Ex-Cng
1 commentsecoli73
elagabalus_AD218_AR-antoninianus_roma_4_31gr_00~0.JPG
01 - Elagabalus AR Antoninianus 'Roma AD218'125 viewsEmperor Varius 'Elagabalus' Antoninus - AR Antoninianus

obv: 'IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG' - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: 'P M TR P COS PP' - Roma seated holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.
4.31gr.
rexesq
gordian-III_tet_ram-below-eagle_14_76gr_mar2012_amphora.jpg
01 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #3 - Ram leaping left beneath Eagle, head reverted, Crescent Moon above ram27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD ) Silver Tetradrachm.
Struck at the Roman Mint at Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing, holding laurel wreath in beak, head facing left.
BELOW: Ram leaping left, head turned facing behind (right), with Crescent Moon above head of Ram, all between the legs of the Eagle.

Weight: 14.76 Grams

~~~~
::Great detail on the head and beak of the Eagle, as well as on the Emperor's portrait, very nice coin, good weight for the type too. ::
~~~

*ex Amphora Ancient Coins, with photo-authenticity COA signed by David Hendin, author of Guide to Biblical Coins.
~~
~
5 commentsrexesq
Caesar_Elephant.jpg
01 01 Julius Caesar 106 viewsJulius Caesar. 49-44 B.C. AR Denarius. Military mint traveling with Caesar in Gaul. c. 49-48 B.C. (3.72g, 19.0m, 4h). Obv: CAESAR in ex., elephant r. trampling serpent. Rev: simpulum, sprinkler, axe surmounted by wolf’s head, and apex. Cr 443/1; Syd. 1006.

This is the first issue in Caesar’s name. The obverse could symbolize the victory of good over evil in general, or the victory of Caesar’s forces over the Pompeians specifically. The reverse clearly refers to Caesar’s status as Pontifex Maximus.
3 commentsLucas H
Julius_Caesar,_Donative.jpg
01 05 Julius Caesar27 viewsJulius Caesar. AR Denarius. Utica? Mint. 46 A.D. (3.7g, 16mm, 10h). Obv: DICT ITER COS TERT, head of Ceres right, wreathed with grain. Rev: AVGVR PONT MAX, emblems of the augurate and pontificate; aspergillum, guttus, and lituus; M (munus=gift) to right. Craw. 467/1b, Syd. 1024.

This was likely used as a donative by Caesar during his triumph of 46 B.C. While porous, this example is well centered, and the M is clearly on the flan.
Lucas H
01-Diocletian-Cyz-306.jpg
01 Diocletian: Cyzicus antoninianus.38 viewsAntoninianus; 284 - 295 AD, Cyzicus mint.
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Radiate bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM / Diocletian standing, holding sceptre, receiving globe (surmounted by Victory) from Jupiter, also standing and holding sceptre. E between them; XXI in exergue.
3.73 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #306; Sear #12635.

Attribution to Cyzicus: The CONCORDIA MILITVM reverse was used extensively by the mints at Siscia, Heraclea, Cyzicus, and Antioch. Siscia had only 3 officina (A B Γ), so that one can be eliminated. Heraclea and Antioch always use P F in the obverse legend (inscription #3), so those two can be eliminated. Pages 210 - 211 of RIC assign to Cyzicus coins with the word MILITVM broken between the I and L.
Callimachus
Follis Anastasio I SB0014.jpg
01-02 - Anastasio I (11/04/491 - 01/07/518 D.C.) 66 viewsAE Follis Post-Reforma (Módulo pequeńo) 23 x 25 mm 7.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N.ANASTASIVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " M ", con una " +" arriba. "CON" en exergo.

Acuńada 498 - 518 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #14 Pag. 37 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #16 - B.M.C. #41 -Tolstoi M.B. #31 - Ratto M.B. #354 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #11-22 - Hahn M.I.B.#22
mdelvalle
Follis Anastasio I SB0022.jpg
01-06 - Anastasio I (11/04/491 - 01/07/518 D.C.) 40 viewsAE Follis Post-Reforma (Módulo pequeńo) 23 mm 8.6 gr.

Anv: "D.N.ANASTASIUS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " M ", con " +" arriba, " * " a izquierda, "Medialuna" a derecha y "ε" (Letra de Officina) debajo. "CON" en exergo.

Acuńada 491 - 518 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.5ta.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #22 Pag. 38 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #23 m - B.M.C. #17 -Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #85 - Hahn M.I.B.29, 30
mdelvalle
Medio Follis Anastasio I SB0025.jpg
01-10 - Anastasio I (11/04/491 - 01/07/518 D.C.) 28 viewsAE Medio Follis (Módulo grande) 28 mm 8.3 gr.

Anv: "D.N.ANASTASIVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " K ", con " +" a izquierda y "Γ" (Letra de Officina) a derecha.

Acuńada 491 - 518 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.3ra.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #25 Pag. 39 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #24 - B.M.C. #30-33 - Tolstoi M.B. #38-42 - Ratto M.B. #356/8 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #86/8 - Hahn M.I.B. #33
mdelvalle
01-Durotriges.jpg
01. Durotriges stater.28 viewsStater, 58-45 BC, possibly minted at Hengistbury Head.
Obverse: devolved head of Apollo.
Reverse: devolved horse.
5.04 gm., 19 mm.
VA #1235-1; Seaby #367.

From the Blandford Forum Hoard, 1998.
Callimachus
1-Maximinus-I-RIC-06.jpg
01. Maximinus I / RIC 6.26 viewsDenarius, 238 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM / Laureate bust of Maximinus.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS P P / The emperor standing between two standards, holding spear and raising right hand.
2.62 gm., 19.5 mm.
RIC #6; Sear 8314.

This coin dates from January 1 to March 19, 238, at which time Gordian I was proclaimed emperor and the mint at Rome stopped coining for Maximinus. It was not until June 24, however, that he was murdered by his soldiers.
1 commentsCallimachus
Prob7.jpg
010 - Probus (276-282 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 90534 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP, Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Cyzicus (XXIV in exe), emission 1 officina 5, 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
aug1.JPG
010 Augustus158 viewsDivus Augustus Ć As. Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left, thunderbolt before / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82 [Tiberius]


"I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble."


This was one of my first ancients, it was my first early imperial.
1 commentsrandy h2
009.JPG
010 Augustus325 viewsDivus Augustus Ć . Commemorative by Tiberius. DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, radiate head left / Eagle standing on globe facing, wings spread, head right, S C at sides. RIC 82


Click and enlarge for better photo
14 commentsRandygeki(h2)
titus.jpg
010. Titus, 79-81AD. AR Denarius.150 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint 80AD.
Obv. Laureate head right IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM

Rev. Tripod surmounted by dolphin TRP IX IMP XV COS VII PP

RIC II 27. Cohen 321. SEAR 2518.(VF $192 - XF $512). EF

5 commentsLordBest
144286.jpg
010. Vespasian31 viewsVespasian. AD 69-79. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.96 g). Ephesos mint. Struck AD 71. Laureate head right / Turreted and draped female bust right. RIC II 327 var.; BMCRE 450 var. ; RPC II 828 var.; RSC 293a var. This issue is normally accompanied by a mint mark below the bust on the reverse. No mintmark can be seen on this specimen, but striking weakness could have prevented it from being fully struck in this area. The obverse portrait is almost certainly from the same hand as RPC II 828, an issue marked with a BY monogram. Ex-CNGecoli
coin214.JPG
010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
Constantin_the_greate.jpg
011 - Constantine I (307-337 AD), AE 3 - RIC 34172 viewsObv: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, helmeted, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS, altar inscribed VO-TIS XX, surmounted by globe decorated with two diagonal lines, dot in upper and lower field and a horizontal row of dots. Three stars above
Minted in Trier (STR. in exe) 322 AD
4 commentspierre_p77
011_Gaius_(Caligula),_AE-Quadrans,,_BMC_64,_Cohen_7,_RIC(2),_52,__Rome,_40-41_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_17,5-18,5mm,_3,11g-s.jpg
011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 052, Rome, AE-Quadrans, PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT around R C C, #1106 views011 Gaius (Caligula) (37-41 A.D.), RIC I 052, Rome, AE-Quadrans, PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT around R C C, #1
avers: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG around pileus flanked by large S C.
reverse: PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT around R C C.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 3,11g, axes: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 40-41, ref: RIC I 52, BMC 64, C 7,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Sulla-Syd-759.jpg
011. L. Cornelius Sulla.13 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, probably minted in Greece.
Obverse: L MANLI T(sideways) PRO Q / Helmeted head of Roma.
Reverse: L SVLLA IM / Sulla in in quadriga, holding laurel branch, and being crowned by Victory.
3.85 gm., 17.5 mm.
Syd. #759; RSC #Manlia 7; Sear #287.
Callimachus
coin287.JPG
011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
ecoli
145197.jpg
011a. Julia Titi56 viewsJulia Flavia (17 September 64 - 91) was the only child to the Emperor Titus from his second marriage to the well-connected Marcia Furnilla. Titus divorced Furnilla after Julia's birth. Julia was born in Rome.

When growing up, Titus offered her in marriage to his brother Domitian, but he refused because of his infatuation with Domitia Longina. Later she married her second cousin Titus Flavius Sabinus, brother to consul Titus Flavius Clemens, who married her first cousin Flavia Domitilla. By then Domitian had seduced her.

When her father and husband died, she became Emperor Domitian’s mistress. He openly showed his love. Falling pregnant, Julia died of a forced abortion. Julia was deified and her ashes her mixed with Domitian by an old nurse secretly in the Temple of the Flavians.

AEOLIS, Temnus. Julia Titi. Augusta, AD 79-91. Ć 16mm (2.18 gm). Draped bust right / EPI AGNOU THMNIT, Athena standing left, holding palladium and scepter, shield resting on ground. RPC II 981. Near VF, dark green patina, small flan crack. Ex-CNG

From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 51 (15 September 1999), lot 875; Marcel Burstein Collection.
ecoli
Claudius_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP____EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_34-36mm_23,63g-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,369 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!,
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
5 commentsquadrans
Claudius_AE-Sest_TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P_EX-S-C-P-P-OB-CIVES-SERVATOS_RIC-I-112_C-38_Q-001_11h_34-36mm_23,63ga-s.jpg
012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !341 views012 Claudius-I (41-54 A.D.), RIC I 112var. (?), Thracian ?, AE-Sestertius, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS, Rare !!!, Re-Shot !
Claudius became “Father of the Country” in 50 AD, and this title was added to the coinage, at the end of the legend, with it’s abbreviation: PP. The reverse legend translates to “For Saving the Lives of Citizens.
avers:- TI-CLAVDIVS-CAESAR-AVG-P-M-TR-P-IMP-P-P, laureate head of Claudius right
revers:- No legend - Wreath, EX-S-C/P-P/OB-CIVES/SERVATOS within,
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 34-36mm, weight: 23,63g, axis:11h,
mint:Thracian ?, date: 50-54 A.D., ref: RIC-I-112, C-38,
Q-001
"RIC is in error to state that P P only appeared on Claudius' bronze coins in 50 AD. In fact Claudius became P P very early in 42 AD, and P P appeared immediately not only on his quadrantes, which are specifically dated to 42 by the title COS II, but also on his sestertii and middle bronzes.
Stylistically your coin should not be attributed to Rome, but to a Thracian mint perhaps active only towards the end of the reign. These coins, scarcer than the Rome-mint ones, are not recognized in RIC!" by Curtis Clay. Thank you "curtisclay".
1 commentsquadrans
12a.jpg
012a Aggrippna Sr. sestertius 27.8gm44 viewsobv: AGRIPPINA MF MAT C CAESARIS AVGVSTI drp. bust r.
rev: MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE SPQR above, capentum drawn l. by two mules
"wife of Germanicus, mother of gaius"
hill132
Brutus-Syd-907.jpg
013. M. Junius Brutus.58 viewsDenarius, 54 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: BRVTVS / Bust of L. Junius Brutus.
Reverse: AHALA / Bust of C. Servilius Ahala.
4.09 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #907; RSC #Junia 30; Sear #398.

The moneyer of this coin is the same Brutus who killed Julius Caesar. However, this coin was minted about a decade earlier. It portrays two ancestors of Brutus:

1. L. Junius Brutus lead the Romans to expel their king L. Tarquinius Superbus. He was one of the founding fathers of the Roman Republic, and was elected one of the first consuls in 509 BC.

2. C. Cervilius Ahala. In 439 BC, during a food shortage in Rome, Spurius Maelius, the richest patrician, bought as much food as he could and sold it cheaply to the people. The Romans, always fearful of kings, thought he wanted to be king. So an emergency was declared and L. Cincinnatus was proclaimed Dictator. Maelius was ordered to appear before Cincinnatus, but refused. So Ahala, as Magister Equitam, killed him in the Forum. Ahala was tried for this act, but escaped condemnation by voluntary exile.
4 commentsCallimachus
Probtrip.jpg
014 - Probus (276-282 AD) antoninianus - RIC 92735 viewsObv: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back.
Rev: CLEMENTIA TEMP(dot), Emperor standing right, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle,
receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left, holding sceptre.
Minted in Tripolis (KA in exe, crescent in field), first emission ca 276 AD.
Bust type C.
pierre_p77
014_Nero_(54-68_A_D_),_AE22,_Thessalonika,_Macedon,_RPC_I__1603,_Moushmov_Online_6707b,_Q-001,_7h,_23mm,_6,68g-s~0.jpg
014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Macedonia, Thessalonica, RPC-1603, AE-23, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONIKE/ΩN, in oak wreath, #163 views014p Nero (54-68 A.D.), Macedonia, Thessalonica, RPC-1603, AE-23, ΘEΣΣA/ΛONIKE/ΩN, in oak wreath, #1
avers: NEΡΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ KAIΣAΡ, Bare head of Nero left.
reverse: ΘEΣΣA/ΛONIKE/ΩN in three lines, surrounded by an oak wreath, eagle with wings spread above.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 23,0mm, weight: 6,68g, axis: 7h,
mint: Macedonia, Thessalonica, date: 54-68 A.D., ref: RPC-1603, Moushmov Online 6707b,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
IMG_8168~0.JPG
016. Germanicus, son of Drusus, adopted by Tiberius (15 B.C.–19 A.D.) 19 viewsAv.: GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N
Rv.: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TR P III PP / S-C

AE As Ř27 / 11.6g
RIC 43 Rome, BMC 60, BN 106
Juancho
0183.jpg
0183 - Denarius Nonia 59 BC26 viewsObv/ Head of Saturn r., before SVFENAS, behind SC, harpa and conical stone.
Rev/ PR L V P F, Roma seated l. over pile of arms, holding scepter and sword, crowned by Victory standing l. behind; SEX NONI in ex.

Ag, 19.9 mm, 3.65 g
Moneyer: M. Nonius Sufenas.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 2421/1 [dies o/r: 56/62] - Syd. 885 - RSC Nonia 1
ex-Jesús Vico, auction 137, lot 203
dafnis
19.jpg
019 Galba. AE AS 8.2gm36 viewsobv: SER GALBA IMP AVGVSTVS laur. head r.
rev: QVADRAGNS REMISSAE arch on r. surmounted by two equestrian statues,
to l. three captives, officer behind
1 commentshill132
0010-040np_noir.jpg
0195 - Republic, Sextans61 viewsSextans struck in Rome, circa 211-206 BC
Head of Mercury right, wearing petasus, two pellets above helmet
ROMA, Prow of galley right, surmounted by a victory right
5.11 gr
Ref : RCV #1218
Potator II
philip-II_as-caesar_frontal-bust-dr_cuir_13_03grams_ex-Hendin.jpg
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front45 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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Seller photo. Great 'Frontal Bust' portrait and very large flan!
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07485_DSC07499.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front31 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
---
-
---
ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
-----
5 commentsrexesq
DSC07494_philip-II_as-caesar_01.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.14 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
---
-
---
ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
-----
*Shown next to a US 25 cent piece (quarter-dollar) for size comparison.*
----
rexesq
Augustus_Tarpeia.jpg
02 01 Augustus. Tarpeia111 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR. Denarius. Rome Mint. 19-18 B.C. 3.5g, 20 mm. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTS, bare head righ. Rev: TVRPILIANVS III VIR, Tarpeia facing, buried to the waist in shields. RIC I 299. RSC 494, BMC 29.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.
4 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_I_86a.jpg
02 Augusts RIC I 86a54 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D.. Colonia Patricia Mint. 19 B.C. (3.13g, 18.4mm, 2h). Obv: CAESAR AVGSTVS, bare head right. Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on l. and standard on r. flanking SPQR arranged around shield inscribed CL V. RIC I 86a, BMC 417, RSC 265.

An important historical type commemorating the return of the legionary eagles lost by Crassus to the Parthians in the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. This example has wonderful toning, is perfectly centered, and retains complete legends, even the CL V on the shield is preserved better than the photograph shows.
3 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28820 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas H
Augustus_RIC_359.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 035960 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
3 commentsLucas H
02_Octavian_RIC_I_266.jpg
02 Octavian RIC I 26633 viewsOctavian. AR Denarius. Italian Mint, possibly Rome. Autumn 30- summer 29 B.C. (3.45g, 19.8mm, 2h). Obv: Bare head right. Rev: IMP CAESAR on architrave of the Roman Senate House (Curia Julia), with porch supported by four short columns, statue of Victory on globe surmounting apex of roof, and statues of standing figures at the extremities of the architrave. CRI 421; RIC I 266; RSC 122.. Ex Andrew McCabe.1 commentsLucas H
Follis Justino I SB0062.jpg
02-02 - Justino I (10/07/518 - 01/08/527 D.C.) 44 viewsAE Follis 31 mm 11.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " M ", con " * " a ambos lados y "Ilegible" (Letra de Officina) debajo. "CON" en exergo.

Acuńada 518 - 527 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.Incierta)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #62 Pag. 45 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #8 - B.M.C. #20-28 - Tolstoi M.B. #27-30-32-35 - Ratto M.B. #390/6 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #1-9 - Hahn M.I.B. #11
mdelvalle
Medio Follis Justino I SB0068.jpg
02-10 - Justino I (10/07/518 - 01/08/527 D.C.) 22 viewsAE Medio Follis 25 x 21 mm 8.1 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " K ", con larga " + " a izquierda y " A " (Letra de Officina) a derecha.

Acuńada 518 - 527 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.1ra.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #68 Pag. 46 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #14 - B.M.C. #33-35 - Tolstoi M.B. #55-58 - Ratto M.B. #403, 404, 406 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. p.42 - Hahn M.I.B. #18
mdelvalle
Medio Follis Justino I SB0069.jpg
02-11 - Justino I (10/07/518 - 01/08/527 D.C.) 24 viewsAE Medio Follis 18 x 19 mm 3.3 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " K ", con larga " + " a izquierda, " * " arriba y abajo y " Δ " (Letra de Officina) a derecha.

Acuńada 518 - 527 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #69 Pag. 46 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #15 - B.M.C. #34 - Tolstoi M.B. #56-58 - Ratto M.B. #403, 405 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. p.42 - Hahn M.I.B. #19
mdelvalle
2-Gordian-I-RIC-1.jpg
02. Gordian I / RIC 1.79 viewsDenarius, March - April 238, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian I.
Reverse: P M TR P COS P P / Gordian I standing, togate, holding branch, and wearing parzonium.
2.88 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #1; Sear #8446.

The third century saw numerous usurpers in various parts of the Empire. However, the local revolt in Africa which brought Gordian I and his son to power was the first and only time the cause of a usurper was taken up by the Senate before a current emperor was dead. Thus the Gordiani became legitimate Roman emperors, and their coinage, all minted at the imperial mint in Rome, became legitimate coinage of the Empire.

Provenance:
ex Gillardi Collection.
Tinchant sale (1962).
3 commentsCallimachus
03-Iceni.jpg
02. Iceni.35 viewsAR unit, ca 10 BC - 60 AD (time of Prasutagus and Boudicea).
Obverse: stylized head.
Reverse: stylized horse.
1.17 gm., 13 mm.
Seaby #434 (old #74).
1 commentsCallimachus
020_Vespasian,_AR-Den,_IMP_CAESAR_VESPAS_AVG_COS_II_TR_P_P_P,_CONCORDIA_AVG,_BY,_RIC-2_1416,_RPC_II_824,_Ephesus,_Byzantium,-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_19mm,_3,6g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 1416, Ephesus (Byzantium), AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, #1104 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ 1416, Ephesus (Byzantium), AR-Denarius, CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, #1
avers: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P P, Laureate head right.
reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres, enthroned left, holding grain ears and a cornucopiae, BY (monogram) mintmark for Byzantium in the exergue.
exergue: -/-//BY(monogram, mintmark for Byzantium), diameter: 17,5-19,0mm, weight: 3,60 g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ephesus (Byzantium), date: A.D., ref: RIC˛ 1416, RPC II 824, Sear/RCV 2266var., RSC 66a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
0208_RRC424_1.jpg
0208 - Denarius Considia 57 BC36 viewsObv/ Laureate and diademed bust of V. r., behind C CONSIDI NONIANI; before, SC.
Rev/ Tetrastyle temple on hill, surrounded by walls and gate, with ERVC above.

Ag, 18.7 mm, 3.75 g
Mint: Roma
RRC 424/1 [
3 commentsdafnis
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.61 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
Vespasian,_RIC_357,_RIC(1962)_63__(Titus),_AR-Denar,_DIVVS_AVGVSTVS_VESPASIANVS,_two-Capricorn,_Large_shield,_RSC_497,_BMC_129,_Rome_80-81_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_17,5-18,5mm,_3,33g-s.jpg
020b Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ Titus 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063, AR-Denarius, Rome, Two Capricornus, Large shield version!, SC, #1183 views020b Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ Titus 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063, AR-Denarius, Rome, Two Capricornus, Large shield version!, SC, #1
avers: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, Laureate head right.
reverse: No legend, Shield reading SC held by two capricornii, globe below.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 3,33g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 80-81 A.D., ref: RIC˛ (Titus) 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063 p-123, RSC 497, BMC 129, BM-129, Paris 101,
Q-001
6 commentsquadrans
Vespasian_AR-Denar_DIVVS-AVGVSTVS-VESPASIANVS_two-Capricorn_RIC-II-063_RIC-new-357_C-497_Rome_80-81-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_17,5mm_2,98g-s.jpg
020b Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ Titus 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063, AR-Denarius, Rome, Two Capricornus, Small shield version!, SC, #1250 views020b Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC˛ Titus 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063, AR-Denarius, Rome, Two Capricornus, Small shield version!, SC, #1
avers: DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS, Laureate head right.
reverse: No legend, Shield reading SC held by two capricornii, globe below.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5 mm, weight: 2,98g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 80-81 A.D., ref: RIC˛ (Titus) 0357, RIC II(1962) (Titus) 0063 p-123, RSC 497, BMC 129, BM-129, Paris 101,
Q-001
quadrans
0213_.jpg
0213 - Denarius Faustina II 147-50 AC15 viewsObv/ FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL, togate bust of F. r., with high bun held by string of pearls.
Rev/ Venus togate standing l., holding apple on r.h. and l.h. leaning on rudder and dolphin.

Ag, 18.0 mm, 3.24 g
Mint: Roma
RIC III/517c [S] – BMCRE IV/1074
ex-Naville Numismatics, auction 23, lot 413 (ex-colln E.E: Clain-Stefanelli)
dafnis
Bela-IV__U-226_C1-238_H-302_1235-1270-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
022. H-302 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-302, CNH I.-238, U-226, AR-Obulus, #0184 views022. H-302 Béla IV., King of Hungary, (1235-1270 A.D.), H-302, CNH I.-238, U-226, AR-Obulus, #01
avers: King enthroned facing, holding sceptre and orb, a border of dots.
reverse: B Є/L A R/Є X, In three lines divided into five parts by horizontal and vertical lines, a border of dots.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: , date: 1235-1270 A.D., ref: Huszár-302, CNH I.-238, Unger-226,
Q-001
quadrans
0224_HISP_RRCC_F681var.jpg
0224 - 1 Real Reyes Católicos c.1535 AC2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms flanked by X and X; around, : FERNANDVS : 7 : ELISABET - D
Rev/ Arrows and yoke, points around, below S. Around, + : REX : 7 : REGINA : CASTELE : LEGI

Ag, 26.5 mm, 3.28 g
Mint: Sevilla
Calicó -- - F6.8.1var
ex-Áureo & Calicó, auction Isabel de Tratámara, vol IX, lot 885
dafnis
0225_CAST_EnrII_Cy1313.jpg
0225 - 1 real Enrique II 1369-79 AC6 viewsObv/ Crowned monogram, around in two lines DOMINVS : MICHI : AIDVTOR : EDEGO : DIS + / PICIAM : INIMICOS : MEOS
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross, around roses and S below; around ENRICVS : DEI : GRACIA : REX : CASTEL +

Ag, 26.9 mm, 3.46 g
Mint: Sevilla
AB406 - Cy 98/1247 - Cy/1313
ex-Cayón, speed auction 55, lot 9131
dafnis
0226_HISP_FerVI_Cy10345.jpg
0226 1 Real Fernando VI 1758 AC4 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, RI and crowned M on left, JB and dots on right. Around, FERDINANDUS - VI - D - G
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross, around HISPANIARUM REX 1758

Ag, 21.2 mm, 2.91 g
Mint: Madrid
Cy 98/9640 - Cy/10345
ex-Cayón, speed auction 55, lot 9613
dafnis
0227_CAST_EnrIV_Cy98_1493a.jpg
0227 - 1 Real Enrique IV 1454-74 AC5 viewsObv/ Bust of Henry IV l.; around, ENRICVS QARTVS DEI GRACIS REX C +, words separated by roses
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross; around, ENRICVS REX CASTELE ET LEGION +, words separated by roses; S below

Ag, 27.5 mm, 3.31 g
Mint: Sevilla
AB685 - Cy98/1493a
ex-Spink, The Numismatic Collector's Series, lot 741
dafnis
Titus_AE-Dup_T-CAES-VESPAS-dot-IMP-dot-P-dot-TRP-COS-II_S-C_ROMA_RIC-xx_C-xx_Rome_80-AD__Q-001_axes-h_27mm_3,28g-2-s.jpg
022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !, 496 views022a Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), AE-Dupondius, RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), Roma, S-C, ROMA, Roma seated left, Not listed in RIC !!!, Rare !,
avers:- T CAES VESPAS•IMP•P•TRP COS II, Radiate head right.
revers:- Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium, S-C across the field, ROMA in exergo.
exerg: S/C//ROMA, diameter: 27mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 72 A.D., ref: RIC Not in !!!, RIC II(1962) Not in !!! (Vespasian), C-Not in !!!,
Q-001

"Titus' coins with obverse legend T CAES VESPAS IMP P TR P COS II were struck in year 72, first issue.No ROMA reverse is listed in RIC for Titus in this issue, so you may have found a new type! "by FlaviusDomitianus. Thank you FlaviusDomitianus.
""Titus' issue of bronze coins with COS II and the abbreviations CAES VESPAS is altogether rare. RIC 411-417 only lists two sestertius types, R2 and R3; one dupondius type, FELICITAS PVBLICA, R2, unfortunately not illustrated, it would be nice to compare the obverse die with your coin; and four As types, all R2.

The same ROMA reverse die of your coin was apparently also used for dupondii with other obverse legends:

RIC 396, pl. 31, Vespasian COS IIII.

RIC 438, pl. 34, Titus CAES VESPASIAN P TR P COS II; also pl. 34, RIC 436 (rev. only), which should have ROMA around edge and SC in exergue, but in fact has ROMA in exergue and S - C in field, so seems to be another example of RIC 438.

Titus CAES VESPASIAN PON TR POT (instead of P TR P) COS II: my collection ex G. Hirsch 229, 2003, lot 2219; not in RIC."" by Curtis Clay, Thank you Curtis.
5 commentsquadrans
Titus_79-81-AD_Q-001_27-29mm_12,76ga-s.jpg
022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126, AE-As, Roma, GENI P R, S/C//--, Genius standing left, Scarce!, #1299 views022b Titus (69-79 A.D. Caesar, 79-81 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126, AE-As, Roma, GENI P R, S/C//--, Genius standing left, Scarce!, #1
avers:- IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIII, Laureate head left.
revers:- GENI P R, Genius, naked to waist, standing facing, looking left by a garlanded altar, holding patera and cornucopiae. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27-29mm, weight: 12,76g, axis:- h,
mint: , date: , ref: RIC 0226, RIC II(1962) 0126 p-130, C-96, BMC 210,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Caligula-RIC-40.jpg
023. Caligula.14 viewsQuadrans, 40 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG / Liberty cap between SC
Reverse: COS TERT PON M TR P IIII P P / R C C
2.68 gm., 17 mm.
RIC #40; Sear #1804.

The letters R C C signify "remissa ducentesima," referring to the abolition of a tax by Caligula in 39 AD. It was a tax of one percent levied on all commodities sold by auction, the vectigal rerum venalium.
Callimachus
0230_HISP_CarII_Cy98_6745.jpg
0230 - 1 Real Carlos II 1674 AC4 viewsObv/ Bust of Charls II l., around CAROL - II - D - G - HISP - REX
Rev/ Circles and dots divided by cross, around BAR-CINO CIVI 1674

Ag, 21.2 mm, 2.54 g
Mint: BARCELONA
Cy98/6745
ex-Áureo & Calicó, auction 323, lot 1359
dafnis
0238_HISP_FerVI_1_2_real.jpg
0238 - 1/2 Real Fernando VI (year ?)2 viewsObv/ Coat of arms, crowned M and JB to the sides, around, FERDINAND - VI - D - G
Rev/ Castles and lions divided by cross; around, (HISPA)NIARUM - REX - (illegible date)

Ag, 14.9 mm, 0.94 g
Mint: Madrid
Cy98/9460 to 9545
Gifted, early 1990's
dafnis
Domitian_AE-Sester_IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XV-CENS-PER-P-P_No-legend_SC_RIC-390-Rome-90-91-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_32-34mm_17,80g-s.jpg
024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0703, RIC II(1962) 0390, AE-Sestertius, Rome, No legend, Domitian and Victory, -/-//S C, #1243 views024c Domitian (69-81 A.D. Caesar, 81-96 A.D. Augustus), RIC 0703, RIC II(1962) 0390, AE-Sestertius, Rome, No legend, Domitian and Victory, -/-//S C, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-DOMIT-AVG-GERM-COS-XV-CENS-PER-P-P, Laureate head of Domitian right.
revers:- No-legend, Domitian standing l., holding sceptre and parazonium, crowned by Victory behind him; in exergue, S C.
exer: -/-//S-C, diameter: 32-34mm, weight: 17,80g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date: 90-91 A.D., ref: RIC 0703, RIC II(1962) 0390 p-203, C-513,
Q-001
quadrans
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Ć Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
augustusAE19.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS & RHOEMETALKES I AE19 - struck 11 BC-12 AD171 viewsobv: BACILEWS POIMHTALKOY (diademed head of Rhoemetalkes right)
rev: KAICAPOC CEBACTOY (bare head of Augustus right)
ref: RPC 1718, SNGCop 1192, BMC 7-9, Moushmov 5782, Jurukova 200.
mint: Byzantion (?), Thracian Kingdom
5.47gms, 19mm

History: The Hellenistic kingdom of Thrace broke up in the 1st century BC - conquered by Rome. Rhoemetalkes I was awarded the kingdom of Thrace by the Romans in 11 BC. After his death in 12 AD, the emperor Augustus divided Thrace between Rhoemetalkes son & brother.
berserker
261-augustus as-ctmk02.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P LVRIVS AGRIPPA (7 BC)91 viewsobv: [CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (bare head of Augustus left) (with ALAR countermark)
rev: [P LVRIVS AGRIPP]A IIIVIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 426
9.81gms, 24mm

ALAR = ALA II Hispanorum et Arvacorum. It was a cavalry from Hispania settled to Pannonia at the limes of Danube (near Aquincum, today Budapest)
berserker
306-augustus as-ctmk01.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE As - struck by P. Lurius Agrippa moneyer (7 BC)56 viewsobv: [CAESAR] AVGVST PONT [MAX TRIBVNIC POT] (with AVG countermark)
rev: P LVRIVS [AGRIPPA] IIIVIR [AAA FF] / S.C.
ref: RIC I 426
9.18gms, 26mm
berserker
augustus_RIC82a.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 19-18 BC54 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS (bare head left, banker's mark on face)
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS (Mars standing left, head right, with aquila and standard)
ref: RIC I 82a, RSC 259 (4frcs), BMC 414.
mint: Colonia Patricia
3.41gms, 19mm
Rare

History: The Parthians had captured the standards of the legions under the command of Marcus Licinius Crassus (53 BC, at the Battle of Carrhae), Decidius Saxa (40 BC), and Marc Antony (36 BC). It was considered a grave moral defeat and evil omen for the Romans. It required a generation of diplomacy before the Parthians returned them. Their return was considered a great triumph by Augustus, and celebrated like a military victory. He took an ovation entering Rome on horseback and being honoured with a triumphal arch in the year 20 BC. This coin struck in Colonia Patricia (today Cordoba, Spain).
1 commentsberserker
augustus RIC344-RRR.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck by P. Licinius Stolo, moneyer (17 BC)83 viewsobv: AVGVSTVS TR POT (Augustus, laureate, wearing cloak and short tunic, on horseback riding right, holding patera in right hand - banker's mark)
rev: P STOLO III VIR (Salii or priest of Mars's cap (same than apex flaminis) between two studded oval shields (ancilia)).
ref: RIC I 344 (R3); BMCRE 76; RSC 439 (80frcs)
mint: Rome
3.53gms,18-19mm
Extremely rare

History: The Ludi Saeculares were spread over a period of three days (from May 31 to June 3), and Augustus celebrated them to inaugurate the beginning of a new age. On the reverse of this coin the ancilias (sacred shields) symbolised the music at festivals. The "jumping priests" or Salii marched to the Regia, where was the shrine of Mars, in which the ancilia (the sacred shield, and its 11 copies) of Mars were stored. The Salii wearing apex, taking the bronze Ancilia, and danced through the streets carrying poles with the shields mounted on them in their left hands. With their other hand, they banged the shields with a drumstick.
3 commentsberserker
augustus_RIC373.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE as - struck by Ascinius Gallus moneyer (16 BC)63 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (bare head right)
rev: C ASINIVS C F GALLVS III VIR AAAFF around large SC
ref: RIC I 373, Cohen 369 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
9.60gms, 25mm

Ascinius Gallus, the former moneyer was an important senator, who married Vipsania, the daughter of Agrippa. On the death of Augustus, briefly, he was offered as a possible alternate to the throne, instead of Tiberius. After the death of Vipsania, he was also an ally of Agrippina Senior, and the "leak green party," a possible plot against the throne identified by Sejanus. He was executed for treason by Tiberius during the Praetorian Prefect's nominal rule of the capital.
berserker
238-augustus as.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE as - struck by C. Plotius Rufus moneyer (15 BC)49 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST (bare head right)
rev: C PLOTIVS RVFVS III VIR AAA FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 389, C.504 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
11.06gms, 28mm

The moneyers were called tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, literally "three men for striking (and) casting bronze, silver (and) copper (coins)". The title was abbreviated III. VIR. AAA. FF. on the coinage itself. These men were also known collectively known as the tresviri monetalis or sometimes, less correctly, as the triumviri monetales.
berserker
augustus_RIC381.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AVGVSTVS AE dupondius - struck by Cnaeus Piso Cn F moneyer (15 BC)53 viewsobv: AVGVSTVS TRIBVNIC POTEST in wreath
rev: CN PISO CN IIIVIR A A A F F around large SC
ref: RIC I 381 (R), Cohen 378 (2frcs)
mint: Rome
10.33gms, 25mm
Rare

Augustus was awarded all the powers of the tribunate (tribunitia potestas) in addition to the governing authority of the consulate, cementing him as a supreme individual princeps, or emperor.
berserker
Traian_AE-Dup_IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P_S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI_S-C_RIC-540-C-_Rome-103-111-AD_Q-001_axis-7h_27,5-28mm_14,01g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0540, Rome, AE-Dupondius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI /S-C, Trajan riding right,359 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0540, Rome, AE-Dupondius, S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI /S-C, Trajan riding right,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NERVAE-TRAIANO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-V-P-P, Laureate, head right with aegis.
revers:- S-P-Q-R-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI, Trajan riding right spearing Dacian enemy.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 27,5-28mm, weight: 14,01g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 103-111 A.D., ref: RIC-II-540-p-, C-,
"Woytek, MIR 208cB, 15 specimens in his photofile, c. 105-7 A.D." by Curtis Clay, thank you!
Q-001
8 commentsquadrans
Nero-Prieur-89.jpg
027. Nero.16 viewsTetradrachm, 63-64 AD, Antioch mint.
Obverse: ΝΕΡΩΝ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ / Laureate bust of Nero.
Reverse: ΕΤΟΥΣ ΒΙΡ . Ι / Eagle on thunderbolt, palm branch at right.
14.25 gm., 25 mm.
Prieur #89.

Dating this coin: BIP is the Greek way of writing the numeral 112 (B = 2; I = 10; P = 100) -- which is year 112 of the Caesarean Era of Antioch ( which started numbering from the Battle of Pharsalia, Aug. 9, 48 BC). The second I (after BIP) stands for the 10'th year of Nero's reign, which by today's reckoning is 63 - 64 AD.
Callimachus
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-473,_C2-029,_U-374b,_Pohl_31-2,__M_REGIS_KARVLI,_Lily_L-I,_Lippa,_1330-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_14,5-14,8mm,_0,63g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01128 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01
avers: ✠•M•REGIS KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
reverse: Large Lily, L-I, line border.
exergue, mint mark: L/I//--, diameter: 14,5-14,8mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Lipa, (today Lipova, Romania), date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-473, CNH-2-029, Unger-374.b, Pohl-31-03,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-374_C2-029_H-473_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Lily_S-E_Schemnitz_1330-AD_Q-001_9h_13,5mm_0,63g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.e, #0197 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.e, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS•KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
reverse: Large Lily, S-E, line border.
exergue, mint mark: S/E//--, diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:9h,
mint: Hungary, Selmecbánya, (Schemnitz, today Banská Štiavnica), date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-473, CNH-2-029, Unger-374.e, Pohl-31-03,
Q-001
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Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-488,_C2-044,_U-385,_Pohl_45,__M_REGIS_KAROLI,_Dragon,_1335_AD,_Q-001,_2h,_11mm,_0,33g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #0172 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS KARVLI, Inside of the line circle, a shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, annulets flanking and above, line border.
reverse: Winged dragon advancing right the cross above, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 0,33g, axis:2h,
mint: Hungary, date: 1335 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-488, CNH-2-044, Unger-385, Pohl-45,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1308_AD)_Denar_U-356_C2-033_H-449_S-C_Q-001_3h_11,5mm_0,38g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-356, #01104 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-356, #01
avers: Emperor faceing, crowned head with curly hair, facing, small circle both side of the crown, mint-mark on each side (S-C), circle of dots.
reverse: Four-part Anjou-Hungarian shield, two dots both side, line border.
exergue, mint mark: S/C//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,38g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, Zagreb (by Pohl), date: before 1308 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-356, CNH-2-033, Huszár-449, Pohl-06,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-361_C1-381_H-451_C-R-V-X_helmet-left_1319-22-AD_Q-001_6h_11,5mm_0,34g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-361, #0198 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-361, #01
avers: Cross, lily of each end, C-R-V-X of each corner, line border.
reverse: Helmet left, line border.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,34g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1320 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-361, CNH-1-381, Huszár-451, Pohl-08,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_U-362_Q-001_mm_g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01107 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Hungarian-Anjou shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1324 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362, CNH-2-054A, Huszár-446, Pohl-13,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karuli-1-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!72 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-362b, Reverse shield !!!
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Anjou-Hungarian (!!!) shield in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross, star and circle within crescent above; border of dots.,
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//-- were struck by Ladislaus Gurhes, diameter: mm, weight: g,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1323 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-362b, Reverse shield !!!, CNH-2-054B, Huszár-446B, Pohl-12,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-365_C2-051_H-459_MONETA-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-001_3h_14mm_0,82g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #0184 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-365, #01
avers: ✠ MOnETA REGIS KARVLI; Crowned bust facing in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: Lily, bird, crowned head on either side of patriarchal cross on base; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: bird/bird//--, diameter: 14mm, weight: 0,82g, axis: 3h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1325 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-365, , CNH-2-051, Huszár-459, Pohl-16,
Q-001
"The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenars."
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-378_C2-008_H-479_lily-patriarchalcross_KAROLVS_REX_hVNGhARIE_Nicolaus-Szatmari1333-AD_Q-001_7h_15mm_1,08g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-378a, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; Lily-Patriarchal Cross, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ KAROLVS:RЄX:hVnGARIЄ, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies; line border.
exergue, mint mark: lily/Patriarchal Cross//-- were srucked by Nicolaus Szatmari (by Pohl), diameter: 15mm, weight: 1,08g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Esztergom, date: 1334 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-378a, CNH-2-008, Huszár-479, Pohl-36-02,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-393n_C2-018_H-495_REGIS_KAROLI_m_REGIS_hVnGARIE_Q-001_11h_15mm_0,70g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-393.n, #01114 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-393.n, #01
avers: RЄGIS•KAROLI, King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Anjevin lilies, botle(symbols) as (privy marks) to left and righ, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark:botle(symbols)/botle(symbols)//--, diameter: 15mm, weight: 0,70g, axis:11h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: botle(symbols)-botle(symbols), date: 1338 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-393.n, CNH-2-018, Huszár-495, Pohl-52-04,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394f_C2-015_H-497_m_REGIS_hVnGARIE_Q-001_6h_14,5mm_0,48g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.f, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: D/R//-- were struck by Leopoldus (Hypolit?) (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.f, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-07,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Denar_U-394n_C2-015_H-497_m-REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_7h_14,5mm_0,70g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #0175 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-394.n, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•RЄGIS•hVnGARIЄ, Head of ostrich holding horse-shoe on helmet, mint-mark on each side; line border.
exergue, mint mark: lily/lily/lily/lily//-- were struck by Martinus (by Pohl), diameter: 14,5mm, weight: 0,70g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok, (Scmöllnitz, today Slovakia: Smolník), date: 1339-1342 A.D., ref: Unger-394.n, CNH-2-015, Huszár-497, Pohl-54-03,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Obulus_U-400_C2-012_H-475_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-001_0h_12mm_0_27ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #0181 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #01
avers: King enthroned, facing, in circle, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ •M•RЄGIS KARVLI•, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily above, stylized bird on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,27g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1330-1332 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-400, CNH-2-012, Huszár-475, Pohl-30,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Obulus_U-400_C2-012_H-475_M-REGIS-KARVLI_Q-002_9h_12mm_0_40g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #02134 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-400, #02
avers: King enthroned, facing, in circle, holding sceptre and orb; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ •M•RЄGIS KARVLI•, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily above, stylized bird on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 12mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 9h,
mint: Hungary, Buda, date: 1330-1332 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-400, CNH-2-012, Huszár-475, Pohl-30,
Q-002
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_AR-Obulus_U-403_C2-019_H-496_No-Legend_M_REGIS_KAROLI_Q-001_0h_11,5mm_0,36g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-403.???, New privy mark!!! #01124 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-403.???, New privy mark!!! #01
avers: No legend, King enthroned, facing, holding sceptre and orb, botle(symbols) to left and right Angevin lilies above and belove both sides, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ M•RЄGIS KAROLI•, Shield with Árpádian stripes and Angevin lilies, botle(symbols) as (privy marks) to left and right, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark:botle(symbols)/botle(symbols)//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,36g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, , mint mark: botle(symbols)-botle(symbols), date: 1338 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Unger-403.???, CNH-2-019, Huszár-496, Pohl-52-??,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-001_4h_10,0mm_0,22ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0199 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #01
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: 10,0mm, weight: 0,22g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-001
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-002_h_mm_0,20ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0295 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #02
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,20g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-002
quadrans
Karoly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD)_Denar_U-390_C2-034_H-493_x-x_1336AD_Q-003_h_mm_0,13ga-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #0376 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Parvus, U-390, #03
avers: Emperor faceing, Crowned head with curly hair, facing, mint-mark on each side (crown on top of "A"-crown on top of "A"); line border.
reverse: Wings, six-pointed star below, line border.
exergue, mint mark: crown on top of "A"/crown on top of "A"//--, diameter: mm, weight: 0,13g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár (by Pohl), date: 1336 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-390, CNH-2-034, Huszár-493, Pohl-50,
Q-003
quadrans
__57(1)-1.jpg
03 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - VENUS VICTRIX - Frontal bust9 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.1 gr, 28mm
rexesq
__57(1).JPG
03 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - VENUS VICTRIX - Frontal bust26 viewsCaracalla AR Antoninianus.

obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed, seen from front.
rev: VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing holding victory and sceptre, shield by her side.

5.1 gr, 28mm
2 commentsrexesq
trajan_radiate-bust_tet_13_05grams_bust-of-zeus_01.jpg
03 - Trajan Tetradrachm - Bust of Nilus - Radiate bust of Trajan46 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 AD)
Tetradrachm from the mint at Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 20 = 116/117 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Trajan facing right. Star to right, below chin.
rev: Bust of Nilus, wearing taenia, crowned with reeds and lotus, facing right, lotus bud and cornucopia by right shoulder. Date in fields.

Weight: 13.04 Grams
-------
2 commentsrexesq
03_Tiberius,_RIC_I_30.jpg
03 02 Tiberius RIC 30149 viewsTiberius. 14-37 A.D. AR Denarius. Lugdunum (Lyon) Mint. 3.78 g., 19 mm. Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right. Rev: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax, seated right, holding scepter and olive branch. Feet on footstool. Ornate chair legs. One line below throne. RIC I 30, RSC 16a.

The well known "tribute penny." When brought a coin as requested, Jesus asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
8 commentsLucas H
Tiberius_RPC_I_3620.jpg
03 04 Tiberius RPC I 362044 viewsTiberius, 14-37 A.D. AR Drachm. Caesarea-Eusebia Mint. (3.61 g, 19.8m, 0) Obv: TIBEPIOS KAISAP SEABASTOS, Laureate head right. Rev: QEOY SEBASTOY YIOS, Mount Argaeus surmounted by a statute of Helios holding orb in right and long scepter verticle in left. Ex Forvm. 1 commentsLucas H
Medio Follis Justiniano I SB00165.jpg
03-10 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 21 viewsAE Medio Follis 28 x 30 mm 7.1 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con yelmo y coraza, portando "Sphaira/globus cruciger/Orbis" (Globo coronado por una cruz) en mano derecha y escudo en izquierda, viendo al frente. A su Izquierda " + " .
Rev: Gran " K ", " + " arriba, " A/N/N/O " a izquierda, " XII " (Ańo de reinado) a derecha y " Δ " (Letra de Officina) debajo.

Acuńada Ańo=12, 538/9 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla (Off.4ta.)

Referencias: Sear BCTV #165 Pag. 61 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #62-75 - B.M.C. #107/12, 115/19 - Tolstoi M.B. #318/36 - Ratto M.B. #539/42, 547 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #82-91 - Hahn M.I.B. #96 (H.Weller)
mdelvalle
16 Nummi Justiniano I SB00177.jpg
03-15 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 23 viewsAE 16 nummi 22 x 18 mm 7.3 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " I ", " A " a izquierda y " SP " a derecha. " * + * " arriba. "TES" en exergo.

Acuńada 527 - 565 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalónica

Referencias: Sear BCTV #177 Pag. 64 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #98c - B.M.C. #167/9 - Tolstoi M.B. #487 - Hahn M.I.B. #169d
mdelvalle
16 Nummi Justiniano I SB00178.jpg
03-16 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 32 viewsAE 16 nummi 20 x 20 mm 6.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " I ", " A " a izquierda y " SP " a derecha. " Signo Chi-Ro " arriba. "TES" en exergo.

Acuńada 527 - 565 D.C.
Ceca: Tessalónica

Referencias: Sear BCTV #178 Pag. 64 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #98d - B.M.C. #171 - Tolstoi M.B. #485 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #9 - Hahn M.I.B. #169c
1 commentsmdelvalle
Decanummium Justiniano I SB00167.jpg
03-25 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 26 viewsAE Decanummium (10 nummi) 15 mm 4.6 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con diadema de perlas, coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: Gran " I ", " + " arriba, " A/N/N/O " a izquierda y " X/X/X " (Ańo de reinado) a derecha. " CON " en exergo.

Acuńada Ańo=30, 556/7 D.C.
Ceca: Constantinopla

Referencias: Sear BCTV #167 Pag. 62 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #76-85, 88-95 - B.M.C. #126/32, 135/37 - Tolstoi M.B. #408/16 - Ratto M.B. #552/4, 556/9 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #92/6 - Hahn M.I.B. #99 (I.T.Roper Coll.)
mdelvalle
Decanummium Justiniano I SB00326.jpg
03-27 - Justiniano I (01/08/527 - 14/11/565 D.C.) 32 viewsAE Decanummium (10 nummi) 15 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "D.N. IVSTINIANVS PP.AVG." - Busto con yelmo y coraza, portando "Sphaira" ó "globus cruciger" u "Ordis" (Globo coronado por una cruz) en mano derecha y escudo en izquierda, viendo al frente. A su Izquierda " + ".
Rev: Gran " I ", " A/N/N/O " a izquierda y " XX/XV/II " (Ańo de reinado) a derecha. " CON " en exergo.

Acuńada Ańo=37, 563/4 D.C.
Ceca: Ravenna

Referencias: Sear BCTV #326 Pag. 85 - Bellinger D.O. Vol.I #347/55 - B.M.C. #404/9 - Tolstoi M.B. #450/2 - Morrisson C.M.b.B.N. #2/7 - Hahn M.I.B. #229
1 commentsmdelvalle
03-Alex-Babylon-P2619.jpg
03. Alexander the Great.128 viewsTetradrachm, ca 325 - 323 BC, "Babylon" mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. M and a bee at left, monogram under throne.
17.12 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3619; M. #696.

Martin J. Price assigns this coin to the mint at "Babylon," but he says (p. 456 -57) it is possible that coins of "group two" may have been minted at Susa or Ecbatana.
3 commentsCallimachus
RI 030g img.jpg
030 - Vespasian Dupondius - RIC 481 var.73 viewsObv:– IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III, Radiate head right, globe on neck
Rev:– VICTORIA NAVALIS S - C, Victory standing right on prow, holding wreath and palm
Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 70-71
References:– Cohen -. RIC II 481 var (Not listed in RIC with this bust and legend combination)

Additional comments coutesy of Curtis Clay:-

“A coin like yours, from the same obv. die, was in M&M's Voirol Sale of 1968, lot 385, ex Hall Sale, 1950, lot 1203. A second spec. from that same die pair is publ. by Giard, Lyon, 42/1a, pl. XLIII, Coll. Gricourt.
BMC 809 pl. 38.7 has obv. CAESAR not CAES and a broader portrait on shorter neck.
Paris doesn't have this type on a COS III dup. of Vesp. at Lugdunum, but their As, Paris 812 pl. LXVII, is from the same rev. die as your dupondius!
Obviously quite a scarce item, and an attractive specimen!”
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Lodovicus-I__(1342-1382_AD),_H-542,_C2-94A,_U-429a,_P-79-1,_AR-Den_,_LODOICI_R_VnGARIE,__S_LADIS_LAVS_R_,,_1358-71_AD,_Q-001,_8h,_15mm,_0,43g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.a., P 79-01, #0165 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.a., P 79-01, #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICI•R•VnGARIЄ, Anjou-Hungarian shield in the circle of dots, a lily on each side and above, a border of dots.
reverse: •S•LADIS LAVS•R•, Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb, mint-mark on the right side, a border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- were struck by "?" (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,43g, axis: 8h,
mint: Hungary, "?", (by Pohl), date: 1358-1371 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-542, CNH-2-094A, Unger-429.a., Pohl-79-01,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-429-o_C2-94A_H-542_LODOVICCI_-R_-VnGARIE_S_LADIS-LAVS_R_Q-001_5h_13,8-14mm_0,55g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.o., #01132 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.o., #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICI•R•VnGARIЄ, Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily on each side and above, border of dots.
reverse: S•LADIS LAVS•R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb, mint-mark on right side, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/IO(vertical)//-- were struck by Iohannes Mochel (by Pohl), diameter: 13,8-14,0mm, weight: 0,55g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica)(by Pohl), date: 1366 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-429-o., CNH-2-094A, Huszár-542, Pohl-79-10,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-429-q_C2-94A_H-542_LODOVICCI_-R_-VnGAR_S_LADIS-LAVS_R_Q-001_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.q., #01112 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-542, C2-94A, U-429.q., #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICCI•R•VnGAR, (Double C in the legend, legend error!), Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, lily on each side and above, border of dots.
reverse: S•LADIS LAVS•R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb, mint-mark on the right side, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/F/B//-- were struck by Franciscus Bernardi (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1359-1364 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-429q, CNH-2-094A, Huszar-542, Pohl-79-04-a.,
Q-001
quadrans
Nagy-Lajos-(1342-1382AD)_AR-denar_U-419_C2-79_H-529_1346-49AD_L_Praying-kneeling-angel-left_m-REGIS-LODOVICI_Q-001_1h_12,5mm_0,45g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-419, #0177 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-419, #01
avers: "L "in the left field, Praying kneeling angel to left.
reverse: ✠ m RЄGIS LODOVICI, Crown the inner circle.
exergue, mint mark: L/-//--, were struck by Lorandus (by Pohl), diameter: 12,5mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Hungary, Szeged (by Pohl), date: 1342 A.D. (by Pohl)1346-1349 A.D. (by Unger ), ref: Unger-419, CNH-2-079, Huszár-529, Pohl-66, (error! mixed the avers and reverse with Pohl-65!),
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0176 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-003_15mm_0,53g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #0362 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a, #03
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-003
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14,5mm_0,54g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #0174 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a-var1., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Dot middle on the face.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var1., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var-2_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,41g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #0173 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var2, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var2., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-a-var3_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,56g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #0168 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432a.var3, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Polka dot pattern in headscarves and neck.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//-- Without mint mark was struck by Johannes Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432a-var3., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-01,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-b_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,52g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432b, #0180 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432b, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. Dot in the middle of the face.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (L-S), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: L/S//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432k, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-10,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_15mm_0,51g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #0178 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (--P), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/P//-- This mint mark was struck 1373-1375 by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,52g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432c, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-002_14mm_0,54g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #0267 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c, #02
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (--P), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/P//-- This mint mark was struck 1373-1375 by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,54g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432c, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08,
Q-002
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-c-var_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_13,5mm_0,42g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432c.var., #01117 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432-c.-var., #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (P--), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: P/-//-- This mint mark was struck by Peter Chimle (by Pohl), diameter: 13,5mm, weight: 0,42g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Unknown mint (by Pohl), date: 1373-1375 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432-c-var., CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-08-var,
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I__U-432-d_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432d, #0175 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432d, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (Lily-S), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Lily/S//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Szomolnok (Schmöllnitz, now Smolnik Slovakia by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432d, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-09,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-fvar_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432f.-var, #0166 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432f.-var, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (Lily-Lily in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Lily/Lily//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,46g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Kassa (Kaschau, nowadays Kosice by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432f, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-03,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0182 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-002_13mm_0,45g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0297 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #02
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 13,0mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-002
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-i_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432i, #0173 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432i, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots. One-one dot beside of the neck.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (---), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: •/•//-- (in avers !), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432i, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-07,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-j_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,47g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #0166 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432j, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (leaf-leaf below), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: leaf/leaf//--(below), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432j, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-11,
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I__U-432-k_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_4h_13mm_0,68g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432k, #01128 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432k, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Cross on the neck (mint/emission mark), Saracen's head left, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: +/-//--, diameter: 13,0mm, weight: 0,68g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432k, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-12,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-433_C2-89B_H-548_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,46g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-433, #0164 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-433, #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross - with dots each corner - rising from crown at its base, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Buda (by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-433, CNH-2-089B, Huszár-548, Pohl-90,
Q-001
quadrans
030__Lajos_I__AR-Gross,_U-413d,_C2-68,_H-522,_1359-64_AD_Q-001_h,_28,0mm,_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Gross, U-413-e, #01182 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Gross, U-413-e, #01
avers: ✠ LODOVICVS DЄI GRACIA RЄX hVnGARIЄ; king enthroned, facing, on the gothic throne in circle of dots, holding sceptre and orb, mint-mark below or by the throne; border of dots. The Saracen's head between the legs under.
reverse: ✠ DALMACIЄ : CROACIЄ : ЄTC; Anjou-Hungarian shield in circle of dots, amongst six arches, no mint-mark above the shield, emission-marks around the arches; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: Saracen's head, were struck by Jacobus Saracenus (by Pohl), diameter: 28,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Pécs/Syrmien (by Pohl), date: 1359-1364 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-413-e, CNH-2-068, Huszár-522, Pohl-59-4-a.,
Q-001


Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I__(1342-1382_AD),_H-538,_C2-86,_U-436,_P-77,_AR-Obulus,_R-E-X,_Lily,_1346-57_AD,_Q-001,_10h,_11,5mm,_0,19g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, H-538, C2-86, U-436, P-77, Rare! #0169 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, H-538, C2-86, U-436, P-77, Rare! #01
avers: R Є X, Hungarian-Anjou shield, the border of dots.
reverse: Large lily, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,19g, axis: 10h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1346-1367 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Huszár-538, CNH-2-086, Unger-436, Pohl-77,
Q-001

Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-c_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_C_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #0199 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437(?)(Not in this Mint mark !!!)., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. "C" above the shield (New mintmark !!!).
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437(?)(Not in)., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-(?)(Not in),
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-a_var_C2-88_H-546_M_VnGARIE-LODOVICI_DEI-GRACIA-VGARIE_-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var-2., #01107 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var-2., #01
avers: ✠ m VnGARIЄ LODOVICI (Unknown Legend variation!!!), Patriarchal cross, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRACIA R VGARIЄ (AR-ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437a-var2., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-1var,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-a_C2-88_H-546_MONETA-LODOHICI_DEI-GRATIA-RHGARE_-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var., #01109 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437a-var., #01
avers: ✠ MONЄTA LODOH(?)ICI (Legend variation), Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRATIA R HGARЄ (Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437a-var., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-1,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-437-b_C2-88_H-546_MOnETA-LODOVICI_DEI-GRATIA-R-VGARIE_lily_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #0196 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-437b., #01
avers: ✠ MOnЄTA LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ DЄI GRATIA R VGARIЄ (AR ligate, Legend variation), Hungarian-Anjou shield, border of dots. Lily above the shield.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1372 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-437b., CNH-2-088, Huszár-546, Pohl-88-2,
Q-001
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Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U-438_C2-90_H-549_REGIS-LODOVICI_Saracen-head-left_-_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-438, #01111 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Obulus, U-438, #01
avers: ✠ RЄGIS LODOVICI, Patriarchal cross, border of dots.
reverse: No legends, Saracen's head left, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, , date: 1373-1382 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-438, CNH-2-090, Huszár-549, Pohl-91,
Q-001
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LarryW2407.jpg
030 Zeugitana, Carthage, 310-290 BC83 viewsElectrum shekel-didrachm, 18.5mm, 7.43g, nice VF
Head of Tanit left, wreathed with corn; she wears necklace and triple-drop earring; dot before neck / Horse standing right on exergal line; three pellets under exergual line.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Apollo Numismatics
Jenkins V, 282-2; Müller p. 84, 52
3 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Didrachm_Black~0.jpg
030/1 AR Didrachm60 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm. Uncertain Mint, 225-214 BC. (6.56g, 23mm, 12h) Obv: Janiform head of the Dioscuri. Rev: Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding sceptre, in galloping quadriga driven by Victory; ROMA on tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; Sydenham 64.

Traces of corrosion, Good Very Fine.

Ex: Roma Numismatics

From the Andrew McCabe Collection; Ex Goodman
5 commentsPaddy
Buda_Denar-Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U--_C2-100_H-509_Pohl-108_Shield_mOnETA-BVDEnSIUm_1350AD_Q-001_7h_11,5mm_0,25g-s.jpg
030a City Coin Buda with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Buda Denar, Pohl-108, #01 Very Rare!!!196 views030a City Coin Buda with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Buda Denar, Pohl-108, #01 Very Rare!!!
avers: No Legend, Hungarian-Anju shield amongst three arches, lilies between the arches; border of dots, without mint-mark.
reverse: ✠ mOnЄTA BVDЄnSIVm (left to right), large "L", border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,5mm, weight: 0,25g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, City coin Buda, date: 1350 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger---, CNH-2-100, Huszár-509, Pohl-108,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Lodovicus-I_(1342-1382AD)_U--_C2-106_H-561_Pohl-097_LODOVICI_RVnGARIE_mOnETA-RVSSIE_Kopicki-3063(R5)-370-82_AD-Q-001_0h_18,2-19,7mm_1,03g-s.jpg
030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!180 views030b Provincial Coin Russia with Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Scherf, Pohl-097, #01 Very Rare!!!
avers: ✠ LODVICI ° RVnGARIЄ °, Large "L" amongst circles in quatrefoil, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ mOnЄTA : RVSSIЄ : (SS are reverse), lion standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 18,2-19,7mm, weight: 1,03g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, Provincial Coin, Russia, date: 1370-1382 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger---, CNH-2-106, Huszár-561, Pohl-097, Kopicki-3063 (R5),
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Maria,_H-565,_C2-113,_U-441,_mARIE_D_R_VnGARIE,_S_LADIS_LAVS_R,_A,_1382_AD,_Q-001,_7h,_14,5-15mm,_0,48g-s.jpg
031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-565., S LADIS LAVS R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, Rare!, #1119 views031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-565., S LADIS LAVS R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, Rare!, #1
avers: ✠ mARIЄ•D•R VnGARIЄ, Anjou-Hungarian shield in a circle of dots, the lily on each side and above, the border of dots.
reverse: S LADIS LAVS R, Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb, mint-mark on the right side, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/A//--, diameter: 14,5-15,0mm, weight: 0,48g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Székesfehérvár(by Pohl), date: 1382 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszár-565, CNH-2-113, Unger-441., Pohl-111, Rare!
Q-001

Mária (Mary) of Anjou
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Maria-(1382-1387(1395)_AD)_U-443-l-var-1_C2-116_H-569_cross-mARIA_R_VnGARI_cross-mOnETA_mARIE_S_Q-001_7h_14mm_0,44g-s.jpg
031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-443-l., #01114 views031 Mária, (Maria of Anjou, Angevin)., Queen of Hungary, (1382-1387(1395) A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-443-l., #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA•mARIЄ, Patriarchal cross (inside of border of dots) with dots each corner, border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ mARIA•R•VnGARI, Crown in circle of dots, mint-master's mark (S) below, border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//S, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,44g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Syrmien?, (by Pohl), date: 1386-1395A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-443-l., CNH-2-116, Huszár-569, Pohl-114-11,
Q-001

Mária (Mary) of Anjou
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Hadrian_AE-quadrans_HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS_COS-III-P-P-Caduceus_RIC-II-734_Rome_132-134-AD_Q-001_6h_16-17mm_2,50g-s.jpg
032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0734, Rome, AE-Quadrans, COS-III P P, Winged Caduceus, Very Rare !181 views032 Hadrianus (117-138 A.D.), RIC II 0734, Rome, AE-Quadrans, COS-III P P, Winged Caduceus, Very Rare !
avers:- HADRIANVS-AVGVSTVS, Bust of Hadrian, laureate, right.
revers:- COS III P P, Winged, Caduceus.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 16-17mm, weight: 2,50g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 132-134A.D., ref: RIC-II-734-p-, Very Rare !
"BMC p. 464, *, citing Cohen 506 (Gréau Sale, 6 francs).
Strack 495b: two spec. in Vatican, one in Vienna." by Curtis Clay
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Sisgismund_of_Luxemburg,_King_of_Hungary_(1387-1437_AD),_by_Albrecht_Dürer,-s.jpg