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Search results - "annulet"
9e8WbRx57aNtBq3DSKi2mG4g8AZgdC.jpg
14 viewsAbbasid Governors, anonymous, AE fals (21mm, 3.71gm, 11h), Halab, AH 136. O: Kalima; below, large pellet left and annulet right; in margin, mint and date formula. R: At center, Kalima continued; in margin, Qur'an 9:33. Ilisch (1996) Resafa IV, p. 117, 221 (dated xx6); cf. ibid. 220 (dated 135) and 222 (date illegible, either 135 or 136); see also Nützel (1898) Berlin 2074 (dated 135 but mint illegible) and Shamma p. 89, 3 (dated xx5). Very Fine and extremely rare, olive green patina with areas of red sand encrustation. Date full and clear. Mint missing but clearly style of Halab, AH 135 and 136.Quant.Geek
image00067.jpg
40 viewsIndia, Pre-Mauryan Empire. Anonymous. Ca. 500-400 B.C. AR karshapana (20.1 mm, 1.62 g). 4 punches: elephant left with double crescent above, 5 crescents around annulets with dot in center (cf. R-195), three fish swimming around annulet with pellets around (cf. R-232)SpongeBob
D_T-2638.jpg
40 viewsGAUL: Anonymous, circa 80-52 BC, AE15, cf. D&T 2638 (for style), stylized Alexandrian head right // YLLYCCV (?) around sylized eagle standing left; pentagram and pellets-in-annulets to right1 commentsQuant.Geek
Gordian_III_SNG_Levante_763.jpg
1 Gordian III18 viewsGordian III
AE 31mm of Seleucia ad Calycadnum, Cilicia

O: Radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right [c/m: annulet within D]

R: Athena Alcidemus advancing right, attacking anguipede Giant, raising hands in defense.

C/m: Howgego 670.

SNG Levante 763
Sosius
10.jpg
County of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier 70 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier
R : + CIVITAS TRIPOL, eight pointed star, annulets between the rays
O : + BAMVND' COMS, cross pattée, three pellets in upper right quarter
CCS 19
Vladislavs D
edouard-conf-penny-hammer-cross.JPG
S.1182 Edward the Confessor (hammer cross penny, York)5 viewsEdward the Confessor, king of England (1042-1066)
Hammer cross penny (moneyer: Thorr, mint: York, 1059-1062)

A/ +EΛDPΛRD-DRE; crowned, bearded bust right, scepter before
R/ +DORR ON EOFRPICE (barred D); hammer cross, annulet in one quarter

silver, 1.40 g, diameter 18 mm, die axis 6h



Droger
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-488,_C2-044,_U-385,_Pohl_45,__M_REGIS_KAROLI,_Dragon,_1335_AD,_Q-001,_2h,_11mm,_0,33g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #0173 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-488, CNH-2-044, U-385, P-45, #01
avers: ✠ M REGIS KARVLI, Inside of the line circle, a shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, annulets flanking and above, line border.
reverse: Winged dragon advancing right the cross above, the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: -/-//--, diameter: 11,0mm, weight: 0,33g, axis:2h,
mint: Hungary, date: 1335 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-488, CNH-2-044, Unger-385, Pohl-45,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
RI_030r_img.jpg
030 - Vespasian, Denarius, Ephesus, RIC 1457 48 viewsObv - IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, right
Rev - PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. right, with wreath and palm; at lower right, star; annulet beneath
Minted in Ephesus, A.D. 74
References:- RIC 1457. BMCRE 475. RSC 277.
Dimensions:- 22.04 mm x 19.07 mm

Severely double struck.

It looks like there was a very off-centre initial strike and the coin was re-struck with a central strike.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
V1494a.jpg
09c Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1494126 viewsAR Denarius, 2.81g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: COS IIII above; Pegasus r.
RIC 1494 (R2). BMC 488 bis. RSC 47 var. RPC 1465 (1 spec.). BNC -.
Ex G&N, eBay, 27 August 2015.

An unknown eastern mint struck a spate of denarii in 76 which copied many contemporary types from Rome. Both RIC and RPC speculate it possibly could be Ephesus, citing a similar style with a previous Ephesian issue from 74 and the use of an annulet as a mint mark. The issue is extremely rare. This denarius copies the much more common Pegasus type struck at Rome for Domitian. Domitian's connection to this unusual type perhaps can be explained by Pegasus' association with Athena/Minerva, Domitian's patron goddess. These eastern denarii are understandably confused with the issues from Rome, however, they can be distinguished by style and the annulet (if visible) below the bust.

A fine styled, nicely toned denarius.
7 commentsDavid Atherton
Edward_III_AR_Penny.JPG
1327 - 1377, EDWARD III, AR Penny, Treaty Period, struck 1361 – 1369 at London, England12 viewsObverse: + EDWARDVS REX ANGLI. Crowned bust of Edward III facing within circle of pellets. Cross pattée in legend.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON. Long cross dividing legend into quarters, trefoil and annulet in each quarter of inner circle.
This coin was struck during the period of the Treaty of Brétigny under which Edward III renounced his claim to the French throne.
Diameter: 19mm | Weight: 1.0gms | Die Axis: 10
SPINK: 1630

Edward III was King of England from January 1327 until his death. He is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. During his long reign Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament, though it also saw the ravages of the Black Death.
Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer. But at the age of seventeen he led a successful coup d'état against Mortimer, whom he executed, and began his personal reign.
In 1337, after a successful campaign in Scotland, Edward declared himself the rightful heir to the French throne which started what was to become known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the first part of this war went exceptionally well for England, the victories at Crécy and Poitiers led to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny in which, though Edward renounced his claim to the French throne, England made great territorial gains. However Edward's later years were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inactivity and poor health.
Around 29 September 1376 Edward fell ill with a large abscess and, after a brief period of recovery, the king died of a stroke at Sheen on 21 June. He was succeeded by his ten-year-old grandson, King Richard II, since the Black Prince, Edward's son and Richard's father, had predeceased Edward on 8 June 1376.
2 comments*Alex
20-AngloSaxon-sceat.jpg
20. AngloSaxon sceat.24 viewsAR sceat, ca 690-725.
Obverse: Blundered legend / Diademed bust within a serpent circle.
Reverse: Blundered legend / Bird on cross, annulet at end of each horizontal arm, all within a serpent-circle.
1.15 gm., 12 mm.
North #126a; Seaby #777 (old #783).
Callimachus
22001.jpg
22001 Valence Denier28 viewsValence Denier
Obv: + S APOLLINARS
cross pomme with annulet in second quarter.
Rev: + VRBS VALENTIA
Eagle standing facing

Anonymous. 13th century BI denier 18.2mm 1.3g

Thanks to shanxi for helping id.
2 commentsBlayne W
49-Edward-I.jpg
49. Edward I19 viewsPenny, ca 1280-1281; London mint.
Obverse: EDW R' ANGL' DNS HYB / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
1.45 gm., 19 mm.
North #1022; Seaby #1393.

Classification from North, Vol. 2, p. 19-21:
- This coin has the following characteristics of type 3:
barred A, closed E and C, Roman N, no annulet on breast.
- The following characteristics indicate sub-type g:
small bust, narrow face, new side fleurs on crown (fig. 29).
- This coin is type 3g.

Callimachus
53-Richard-II.jpg
53. Richard II.15 viewsHalf penny, London mint.
Obverse: +RICA . . . . . ANGL / Crowned bust, facing.
Reverse: CIVITAS LONDON / Long cross with three pellets in each angle.
.58 gm., 14 mm.
North #1331; Seaby #1699.

Classification from Seaby 1994, p. 113; and North, Vol. 2, p. 45:
Seaby lists four types of half pennies for Richard II. The type of lettering on this coin excludes types 3 and 4. The 1'st type is excluded because there is no annulet on the breast and there are no Roman Ns in LONDON. So this coin is the second "intermediate" type with no marks on the breast and Lombardic Ns in LONDON.
Callimachus
56-Henry-VI.jpg
56. Henry VI.23 viewsGroat, 1422-1427; Calaise mint.
Obverse: +HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC / Crowned bust facing, with annulet on each side of neck.
Reverse: +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM VILLA CALISIE / Long cross with three pellets in each angle, annulet in two quarters and after POSVI.
3.43 gm., 27 mm.
North #1424 or #1427; Seaby #1836.

Classification: North, Vol. 2, p. 56 is a bit confused as to the differences between #1424 and #1427. Otherwise this coin is very easy to assign to the "annulet issue" of 1422-1427.

Callimachus
Cnut_HT_Aeth_Eor.jpg
A.D. 1016-1035 - Cnut - Helemt Type Penny82 viewsObv:- CNVT R-EX ANG, Helmeted bust left holding sceptre
Rev:- AEDELRINE MO EOR, Short cross voided, limbs united at base by two circles, in centre a pellet; in each angle a broken annulet enclosing a pellet
Minted in York (EOR) by moneyer Aethelwine (AEDELRINE) A.D. 1024-1030
Reference:- North 787
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Album-310.jpg
Abbasid Caliphate: Harun al-Rashid (AH 170-193/ AD 786-809) AE Fals, al-Rafiqa (Shamma p. 156, 11; SICA-2, 1456-1458; BMC I, p. 210, 128; Album-310)23 viewsObv: At center, la ilah illa / Allah wahdahu / la sherikh lahu (“There is no god but Allah alone. There are no others with Him”); in margin, bism Allah zarb haza al-fils bi’l-Ramla sanat tis’ wa themanin wa mi’at (“In the name of Allah was struck this fals of al-Ramla [in the] year nine and eighty and [one] hundred”); border of five annulets between two inner and on outer linear circles.
Rev: Within pointillate circle, Muhammad / rassul / Allah (“Muhammad is the apostle of Allah”); above, three pellets forming triangle; below, ‘adl (“just”); in margin, bism Allah mimma amara bihi ‘abd Allah Harun amir al-mu’minin ‘azz Allah nasrahu (“In the name of Allah, from that ordered by the servant of Allah, Harun, commander of the faithful, may Allah make him victorious”); outer linear circle.
SpongeBob
Album-300(1).jpg
Abbasid Governors, Cilicia: Thamal al-Dulafi (ca. 923-933) Ć Fals, ND, Tarsus (Album-300; Stern-2) 15 viewsObv: Within circle, الامير ثمل (al-amir Thamal)
Rev: Within circle, large annulet in plain field


References:

Stern, S. M., The Coins of Thamal and of Other Governors of Tarsus, Journal of the American Oriental Society (1960): 217-25
Quant.Geek
Album-320.jpg
Abbasid Governors, Transoxiana: Ma'bad b. Khalil & al-Mahdi Muhammad (765 AD) AE Fals, Bukhara (Album-320; Nastich p. 20, fig. 16)25 viewsObv: Within a beaded circle, لا إله إلا الله وحده (There is no God but Allah alone); below ✶; in margin, separated by three annulets at intervals, ◉ بسم الله ضرب ◉ ببخارا فی سنة ◉ ثمان و اربعين و مئة (In the name of Allah, [this coin] was struck of Bukhara in the year eight and forty and [one] hundred)
Rev: Within beaded circle, محمد رسول الله (Muhammad is the apostle of Allah), below Bukhara tamgha; in margin, أمر به معبد في ولية ألمهدى ولي عهد المسلمين محمد بن أمير ألمؤمنين (Ordered by the amir Ma’bad in the service of al-Mahdi, crown prince of the Muslims, Muhammad son of the commander of the faithful)
SpongeBob
Album-303.jpg
Abbasid Governors: Anonymous (753-754 AD) AE Fals, al-Basra (Album-303; Nützel-2069 )32 viewsObv: Within triple margin, annulet pattern ◎ ◎◎◎ repeated three times, لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له (There is no god but Allah alone. There are no others with Him)
Rev: Within circle, محمد رسول الله (Muhammad is the apostle of Allah); in margin, بسم الله ضرب هذا الفلس بالبصرة سنة ست و ثلثين و مئة (In the name of Allah was struck this fals of al-Basra [in the] year six and thirty and [one] hundred); double outer circle with five ◎ annulets
SpongeBob
Album-335.jpg
Abbasid Governors: Yazid b. Jarir (AH 178-181) AE Fals, Sijistan (Lowick-811; Album-335)16 views
A special thanks to Sam Mansourati@FORVM Ancient Coins who helped with the inscribing of the legends

Obv: At center, لا إله إلا الله واحده لا شريكه (There is no God but Allah alone. There are no others with Him); in margin, بسم الله ضرب هذا الفلس بسيجيستان سنة ثمان وسبعين ومئة (In the name of Allah was struck this fals of Sijistan [in the] year eight and seventy and [one] hundred); double circle border enclosing four annulets.
Rev: At center, الله محمد رسول الله يزيد (To Allah, Muhammad is the apostle of Allah. Yazid); ornate crisscrossed border with four large annulets.
SpongeBob
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Achaemenid Kingdom, West Asia Minor, Artaxerxes II - Darius III, AR Siglos.13 viewsLydia 375-336 B.C. 5.47g - 14.8mm.

Obv: Persian king or hero in kneeling-running stance right, three annulets on breast of kandys, holding dagger and bow, quiver with arrows over shoulder. Back to back crescent ountermark on the left.

Rev: Irregular incuse punch mark.

Carradice type IV (late) C: Carradice plate XV, 46 ff.; BMC Arabia p. 171, 172 ff., pl. XXVII, 18 - 19; BMC 42 Countermark.

Christian Scarlioli
Amisos~1.jpg
Amisos - AR siglos9 viewsc. 400 - 360 BC
Aphro... magistrate
turreted head of Hera-Tyche left wearing stephanos ornamented with palmettes and annulets, triple-drop earrings and pearl necklace
owl standing facing on shield, grain ear left
AΦ_PO
ΠEIPA
SNG BM Black Sea 1059, SNG Stancomb 660, SNG Cop 122, Rec Gén 27, McClean 7351, HGC 7 229
ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
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Anglo-Saxon, Continental Sceattas, AR Sceat. UK Metal Detecting find from Kirkburn in Yorkshire.56 viewsFrisia 710-750 A.D. 0.79g - 11.5mm, Axis 3h.

Obv: 'Porcupine' with four legs below, pellet triangle below.

Rev: Beaded standard, with annulet at center and concentric beaded square; T-shaped ornaments in margin.

Spink 790D; Abramson 96.10; SCBI 63 (BM), –; North 45.
1 commentsChristian Scarlioli
0084.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus45 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

RRC 28/3 or similar (Is there any resource to further discuss the anonymous quadrigati?)

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

ex Asta del Titano M3, lot#91
4 commentsNorbert
AnDid.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus **SOLD**132 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

- ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachf., Crawford ?

"Silver Quadrigatus Roman coinage was fortified during the Second Punic War. In addition to gold coins, the Romans issued copper and silver coins, sometimes in enormous quantities. The principal silver coin of the war was a reduced-weight didrachm called a "quadrigatus" after its reverse design, a four-horse chariot (quadriga) bearing Victory and Jupiter. There are many varieties of quadrigati, as revealed by differences in die engraving, metal purity and production standards, not to mention subtle variations of the main design. This suggests that several mints issued quadrigati at different times, and under quite different circumstances. The double-head on the obverse usually is described as the god Janus because of its distinctive form, but the faces are of young men, and it more likely represents the Dioscuri, the gods Castor and Pollux, who were credited with saving Rome at the Battle of Lake Regillus nearly three centuries before." - David Vagi
3 commentsNemonater
Aragón_ME-1845.jpg
Aragón: Jaime II el Justo (1291-1327) BI Dinero, Barcelona (ME-1845; Crusafont 180-3)11 viewsObv: +:IACOBVS: REX:; Crowned bust left
Rev: B´AQINONA; Cross pattée; three pellets and annulet in alternating quarters
Quant.Geek
Aragón_ME-1870.jpg
Aragón: Pedro IV el Ceremonioso (1336-1387) BI Obol, Barcelona (ME 1870; Crusafont 233)10 viewsObv: Crowned bust left
Rev: Cross pattée; three pellets and annulet in alternating quarters
Quant.Geek
albrecht i L-93a.jpg
AUSTRIA - ALBRECHT I116 viewsAUSTRIA - ALBRECHT I (1282-1308) AR pfennig. Vienna mint. Obv.: Cross made of 4 Lis. Annulet in each angle. Rev.: Weak strike, 6-pointed star. Reference: Luschin 93a.
dpaul7
ISL_Ayyubid_Abu_Bakr_I_Album_803.jpg
Ayyubid Dynasty. Al-Adil Abu Bakr I (Al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu-Bakr Ahmed ibn Najm ad-Din Ayyub) (592-615 A.H. = 1196-1218 A.D.)44 viewsAlbum 803 (variant without central annulets)

AR dirham, 2.78 g., 21.14 mm. max, 0°. Struck at the Dimashq mint (Damascus), in 598-608 A.H. (= 1201-1211 A.D.).

Obv: Imam (= the religious leader) al-Nasir / li-Din Allah amir (= commander), on middle two lines; al-mu' / minin (= of the faithful), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

Rev: al-malik (= the king) al-'Adil / Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, on middle two lines; al-din / saif (= sword of the faith), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

As is typical with this type, the marginal legends (kalima / mint and date) are off the flan.

The obverse legend cites to the Abbasid Caliph, al-Nasir li-Din Allah (575/6-622 A.H. = 1180-1225 A.D.). The reverse legend cites to the Sultan of Egypt and Syria, al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, who was the brother of Saladin. From his honorific title Saif al-Din ("Sword of Faith"), he was known to the Crusaders as Saphadin.
Stkp
image.jpg
Baldwin Obole7 viewsBALDWIN III (1143-63)

Bi Obole

Obverse: BALdVINUS REX, Cross Patee , (+) cross type x with annulet ends, tower top tapers, fish tail serifs
Reverse: +de IERVSALEM, Tower of David
Mint: Jerusalem
Minted:  1143-63
Notes: Holed, clipped
jimbomar
valence_2_coins.png
BCC 25/2435 viewsCrusader - Medieval BCC 25 and BCC 24
Bishops of Valence,France
1157-1276 CE
Obv:VRBS.VALENT[IAI]
Stylized Angel?
Rev:+S.APOLLINARS
(St Apollinaris of Valence
d.520CE) Cross with one annulet.
The half coin has much sharper
detail than the second coin. It
is slightly larger than the whole
coin at 18mm vs. 17mm, but
weighs almost the same at 0.55gm.
vs. 0.85 for the whole coin. The
legend on the obverse of the half
coin begins at 7 o'clock in relation
to the angel figure. However, unlike
any other coins of this type that I
have seen on-line, the obverse
legend on the full (complete) coin
starts at 1 o'clock. The possibility
has been raised that original issues
of this and other types were circulating
alongside locally made copies in the
Eastern Crusader kingdoms at the
time. Comments or information are
always welcome. I do not have any
reference books for this period.
v-drome
John.png
BCC 2635 viewsCrusader - Medieval BCC 26
John of Brienne 1210-1225CE
Damietta-Jerusalem-Acre?
Obv: +IOHES(three vertical dots)REX(three vertical dots)
Cross with two annulets.
Rev: +DAMI[.]ATA
Facing portait, crown with
three pellets, hair curls out.
AR (or Billon) 17x16mm 0.65g Axis: 60
(Metcalf 203? or 204?)
Damietta, in Egypt, was captured by John of Brienne in 1219 during the
Fifth Crusade.
v-drome
aimeryDeLusignanm40.jpg
Billion denier Aimery de Lusignan 1197-1205 CE and later to 1220.13 viewsObverse: Cross pattee, annulet in first and fourth quarters. AMALRICVS REX o
Reverse: + DE IERVSALEM holy Sepulchre
Mint: Jerusalem
Date: 1197-1205 CE
Longuet p. 171, Malloy 40.
16mm, .34g

Most likely minted during the period of the Third Crusade (1190-92) or later up to near 1225 or so. Hoards show that these debased deniers were issued in large numbers, and often recoined. Weights ranged from .20 to .70 grams and up to around 33% silver. The allusion to the previous fortunes of the Kingdom are represented by the Holy Sepulcher which had previously been in Latin Christian hands.
wileyc
668.jpg
bmc17510 viewsElagabalus
Berytos, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: [COLIV] LAV GFEL→BER, Temple of Astarte with Astarte standing facing, left foot on prow of galley right, holding trident and resting hand on raised knee; to right, Nike standing left on cippus; all within tetrastyle temple with annulet in pediment, akroteria on roof; below, two genii on dolphins facing central stairway.
31 mm, 18.92 gms


BMC 175, SNG Cop 114
Charles M
247c.jpg
bmc175_26 viewsElagabalus
Berytos, Phoenicia

Obv: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COLI VL A VGFEL→BER, Temple of Astarte with Astarte standing facing, left foot on prow of galley right, holding trident and resting hand on raised knee; to right, Nike standing left on cippus; all within tetrastyle temple with annulet in pediment, akroteria on roof; below, two genii on dolphins facing central stairway.
28 mm, 15.04 gms


BMC 175, SNG Cop 114
Charles M
celtica_doppia_definitiva.jpg
British Celts, Corieltauvi, Boar Type, (South Ferriby, North Lincolnshire, Uk)23 viewsBritish Celts, Corieltauvi, South Ferriby Boar Type, c. 45 - 10 B.C.
Silverunit, 0.809g, 0°, 14.5mm, VF
D/ simplified boar right, pellet-in-ring, above (off flan), pellet behind, annulet below
R/ horse right, pelleted sun-ring above
Cottam ABC 1800, Van Arsdell 875, BMC 3214 ff.
Provenienza: ex FAC (agosto 2012)
NOTA: frantumata durante il trasporto postale
paolo
kaulonia~0.jpg
Bruttium, Kaulonia (c.525-500 BC), AR Stater103 views7.70g, Apollo walking right, holding branch in raised right hand, his left extended and on which daimon runs right, stag on base before, its head turned back, annulet in right field, kav, rev. incuse of obverse type (cf. SNG ANS 155), toned, very fine.1 commentsLeo
RZ-1_8_4(2).jpg
Bulgaria, Second Empire: Todor Svetoslav (1300–1322) Ć Trachy, Veliko Turnovo (Raduchev & Zhekov 1.8.4; Youroukova & Penchev 55; Dobrinić & Dimnik 7.2.1; Dochev 1550)84 viewsObv: Large cross; annulets at each point
Rev: Todor Svetoslav facing on horseback right, holding cross-tipped scepter; left legend - ΘЄO; right legend – цр

Moushmov 7476, 7474; Plate LXIII 15
SpongeBob
J~0.jpg
Byzantine Period, Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III or IV ( 1163-1216 ) . Ex. Roupen hoard.115 views Ex. Roupen hoard . Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III or IV ( 1163-1216 )
0.83g, 18 mm . Helmet denier ('Irregular') class J of Bohemond III/IV
Obv. +BOAIIVIIDVS Helmeted head left
Rev. +A.ITIOCII.IA Cross pattée, crescent in second angle .
Metcalf 417-437
The existence of die links with coins in the name of Roupen shows that the
introduction of the annulet marked the end of the issue .
Marcus Phillips 'The Roupen hoard of Helmet pennies of Antioch', Numismatic Chronicle 2005, pp 249-276 . Plate 34 - 331(this coin).
Ex 'Roupen' hoard No 331
Purchased from C.J.Sabine
Vladislav D
Ceylon_MCSI-825.jpg
Ceylon: Anonymous Kahavanu, Sri Lamka Vibhu Type IIIA (MCSI-825)26 viewsObv: Sitting figure holding Annulet; Devanagari legend Sri Lamka Vibhu
Rev: Standing figure holding Ball
SpongeBob
charlesvii.jpg
Charles VII le Victorieux, (1422 - 1461 A.D.)38 viewsAR Blanc ŕ la Couronne
O: +KAROLVS FRANCORVM REX (castle), royal coat-of-arms within in trilobe; three crowns around; O pointed; annulet under sixth letter.
R: +SIT:NOME:DNI:BENEDIC:TV (castle), cross pattée with crowns and lis in opposing quarters; all within quadrilobe; O pointed; annulet under sixth letter.
25mm
2.53g
Duplessy 519A; Ciani
1 commentsMat
con_cg_d_9_24_res.jpg
CONSTANTINE I -- VOT XXX16 views307 - 337 AD
AE 17 mm; 2.62 g
O: CONSTANTINVS AVG, bust right, ladder shaped diadem with annulets
R: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, wreath containing VOT/dot/XXX,
Heraclea mint
laney
constantius_soldiers.jpg
Constantius II Siscia Gloria Exertivs35 viewsConstanti-vs pf avg. Laurel and rosette diademed,draped,cuirassed. Glor-ia exerc-itvs. BSIS star in exergue. Annulet on banner. Rarity:C. Ric VIII Siscia 76.3 commentstiberiusjulius
trb.jpg
County of Tripoli, Bohemond IV, 1187-1233 Billon denier 54 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Bohemond IV, 1187-1233 Billon denier . 16-17 mm.
Obv. +BAMVNDVS COMS - Cross, dotted initial cross
Rev. +CIVITAS TRIPOLIS - Star with eight rays, annulets between rays
Metcalf 530-533; CCS 14 .
Purchased from C.J.Sabine

Vladislav D
tr_bhmd.jpg
County of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier 42 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 Billon denier
O : + BAMVND' COMS, cross pattée, three pellets in upper right quarter
R : + CIVITAS TRIPOL, eight pointed star, annulets between the rays
CCS 19
Vladislav D
104.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise45 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 Vladislavs D
103.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise95 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond II (1137-1152), Early Period (c.1137-1147), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [RAIMVNDI COMITIS], small cross pattee, annulet in each angle, rev., [+MONETA TRIPOLIS], large cross potent, a pellet in two quarters, trefoil of pellets in others, CCS 3 1 commentsVladislavs D
17.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise39 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise, 1.04g., Tripoli mint (Trablos, Lebanon), [CVA TRIPOLIS], crescent and eight pointed star, rev., cross pommettée, arrow touching annulet in each angle, (CCS 11)
Ex York coins .
Vladislavs D
16.jpg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise48 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise, Tripoli mint , [CVA TRIPOLIS], crescent and eight pointed star, rev., cross pommettée, arrow touching annulet in each angle, (CCS 12)Vladislavs D
A24E788E-D97F-45F6-BE50-ADD5CA75E594.jpeg
County of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise18 viewsCounty of Tripoli, Raymond III (1152-87), Ć Pougeoise

CVA TRIPOLIS crescent and eight pointed star.
Cross pommettée, arrow touching annulet in each angle.
16 mm, 1.40 g
CCS 10 ; Metcalf 513ff ;Wäckerlin 45

Ex Leu Numismatik web auction 8, lot 1803
1 commentsVladislav D
8230F123-DB7D-4C79-B827-41FBE7417337.jpeg
County of Tripoli.Raymond II AD 1137-1152 or Raymond III AD 1152-1187. AE Pougeoise .19 viewsCounty of Tripoli.Raymond II AD 1137-1152 or Raymond III AD 1152-1187. AE Pougeoise .
Possibly contemporary imitation after Type 4.
0.46g.
O : garbled CIVITAS TRIPOLI. crescent and eight pointed star.
R : cross pommettée, arrow touching annulet in each angle
Ex Alistair Lilburn collection. Ex Pavlos S. Pavlou.
Vladislav D
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Crusader States, Frankish Greece, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, Princess of Achaea, Billon Denier - Principality of Achaea, Very Rare.6 viewsClarentza 1316-1318 A.D. 0.88g - 19.7mm, Axis 3h.

Obv: + mAhAVTA P Ach - Cross Pattee.

Rev: + DE CLARENCIA - Castle Tournois, C left, annulet right.

Malloy Crusaders 40 (this coin); Metcalf Crusades type MA2, 997 - 998.
Christian Scarlioli
MISC_Crusaders_Antioch_Bohemond_III_Metcalf_Class_C.JPG
Crusader States: Principality of Antioch. Bohemond III (1163-1201)87 viewsMetcalf Class C 388-391; Malloy 65-67

Billon Denier, struck circa 1163-1188, 18 mm

Obv: +BOANVNDVS [A ornamented with annulets, retrograde N’s], helmeted and mailed head left, crescent and star on either side.

Rev: +ANTIOCNIA [A’s ornamented with annulets, retrograde N’s], cross pattée, crescent in second quarter.

The Principality of Antioch was a crusader state created in 1098 during the First Crusade by Normans from Italy. In 1268, Baibars, the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, took the city.

Bohemond (1144–1201), the “Stammerer” or the “Stutterer,” was the son of Constance of Antioch, the daughter of Bohemond II, by her first husband Raymond II of Poitiers, who was killed at the Battle of Inab in 1149 toward the end of the Second Crusade. She ruled as regent from 1149 until 1163, when Bohemond, with the assistance of King Baldwin III of Jerusalem, forced her to step down.

In 1164, Bohemond was captured by Nur ad-Din Zengi, who ruled the Syrian province of the Seljuk Empire, at the Battle of Harim. He was freed for a large ransom due to the intervention of King Amalric I of Jerusalem and Emperor Manuel I Comnenus. In 1192, after the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem following the battle of Hattin, Bohemond signed a truce with Saladin. Due to the truce, he remained neutral during the Third Crusade.

Bohemond clashed with Levon I of Armenia, who aspired to expand his kingdom. He was captured by Levon and forced to cede the Principality to Levon. However, the Antiochenes named Bohemond’s eldest son, Raymond IV of Tripoli, as their prince. Bohemond and Levon ultimately reconciled, and Raymond married Levon’s neice, Alice, who died shortly after giving birth to their son, Raymond-Roupen. Bohemond died in 1201 and the succession was disputed between his second son, Bohemond IV, and his grandson, Raymond-Roupen.
Stkp
J.jpg
Crusaders . Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III or IV ( 1163-1216.) . Ex 'Roupen' hoard58 viewsCrusaders . Principality of ANTIOCH . Bohemond III or IV ( 1163-1216.)
0.83g, 18 mm . Helmet denier ('Irregular') class J of Bohemond III/IV
Obv. +BOAIIVIIDVS Helmeted head left
Rev. +A.ITIOCII.IA Cross pattée, crescent in second angle .
Metcalf 417-437
The existence of die links with coins in the name of Roupen shows that the
introduction of the annulet marked the end of the issue .
Marcus Phillips 'The Roupen hoard of Helmet pennies of Antioch', Numismatic Chronicle 2005, pp 249-276 . Plate 34 - 331(this coin).
Ex 'Roupen' hoard No 331
Purchased from C.J.Sabine
Vladislav D
31581q00.jpg
Crusaders .Principality of Antioch. Raymond Roupen (1216 - 1219)31 viewsCrusaders, Principality of Antioch, Raymond Roupen, 1216 - 1219 . Billon denier 1.046g, 19.0mm
obverse + R:V:P:I:N:V:S:, helmeted head left without chin guard, crescent over annulet left, star right
reverse + A.MTIOCI.I.IA, cross pattée, crescent in upper right angle, broken O of two crescents
CCS 95b
Ex A.J. Seltman . Ex Malloy . Ex Forum .
Vladislav D
31493q00.jpg
Crusaders, Athens, Frankish Greece, William or Minority of Guy I de La Roche, 1280 - 1294 Billon denier tournois42 viewsCrusaders, Athens, Frankish Greece, William or Minority of Guy I de La Roche, 1280 - 1294 Billon denier tournois
0.812g, 18.8mm, 180o, obverse : + : G: DVX•ATENES, cross pattée, double annulet stops except pellet after DUX, square E's; reverse : + : ThEBE: CIVIS, castle tournois, double annulet stops, square E's;
CCS 86 ; Malloy Crusaders 86, Metcalf Crusaders Series A2 (A1 in first edition), Tzamalis GR 105
Ex Alex G. Malloy Ex A.J. Seltman Ex FORUM
Vladislavs D
31335q00.jpg
Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333 Billon denier tournois39 viewsCrusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333 Billon denier tournois
0.869g, 19.2mm, 0o, Clarentza mint, obverse + IOhS P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + D' CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet on both sides, m below
CCS 56 ; Metcalf Crusaders type A3, 1010 - 1012
Ex Alex G. Malloy Ex A.J. Seltman Ex FORUM
Vladislavs D
31352q00~0.jpg
Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318 Billon denier tournois35 viewsCrusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318 Billon denier tournois
0.707g, 17.6mm, 270o, Clarentza mint
O : + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée
R : + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below .
Ex Alex G. Malloy Ex A.J. Seltman Ex FORUM
Vladislavs D
31337q00.jpg
Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364 Billon denier tournois40 viewsCrusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364 Billon denier tournois
uneven strike, 0.808g, 18.2mm, 270o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée, annulet left in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois .
CCS 70
Ex Alex G. Malloy Ex A.J. Seltman Ex FORUM
Vladislavs D
gl.jpg
Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Guy of Lusignan, Lord of Cyprus, 1192 - 1194 Billon denier36 viewsCrusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Guy of Lusignan, Lord of Cyprus, 1192 - 1194 Billon denier
reverse + DE CI•PRO, cross pattée , annulet in upper right and lower left quarter, pellet in upper left and lower right angle
obverse + REX GVIDO, gateway with battlements, star inside
CCS 3
Vladislavs D
68129q00.jpg
Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Hugh I , 1205-1218 35 viewsCrusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Hugh I , 1205-1218
Billon denier . 0.750g ; 16.3mm
Obverse: + • hVGO • REX •, cross pattée, crescent in upper left and lower right quarters, annulets in upper right and lower left quarter, pellet stops in legend .
Reverse : + • CYPRI •, gateway with battlements; struck with clashed dies, fragment of another coin attached to reverse .
CCS 12 ; Metcalf Class IV .
Ex Alex G. Malloy ; Ex A.J. Seltman ; Ex FORUM .
1 commentsVladislav D
eJf8Y6dL9wXoa4bSG6j3c5PE2HBfPw.jpg
Crusaders. Lordship Beirut. Raymond of Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise49 viewsCrusaders. Lordship of Beirut. Raymond de Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise
Obverse: T.V.R.R.I.S.; tower of David, annulet each side of the tower
Reverse: + D.A.V.I.T.; eight pointed star

weight 0.69g – diameter 15 mm

Ref.: Schlumberger Pl. III, 26 (attributed to the kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan); Malloy et al. 2; Metcalf 206 f. ; Sabine, NC (1978), Type 2
Ex goancient
Vladislav D
cse-051LG.jpg
Crusaders. Lordship of Beirut. Raymond of Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise41 viewsCrusaders. Lordship of Beirut. Raymond of Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise
Obverse: T.V.R.R.I.S.; tower of David, annulet each side of the tower
Reverse: + D.A.V.I.T.; eight pointed star

weight 0.99g – diameter 16.0mm

Ref.: Schlumberger Pl. III, 26 (attributed to the kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan); Malloy et al. 2; Metcalf 206 f.
Ex BYZANTIUM COINS (Wolfgang Leimenstoll)
Vladislavs D
berth.jpg
Crusaders. Lordship of Beirut. Raymond of Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise34 viewsCrusaders. Lordship of Beirut. Raymond of Tripoli (1184-1186). AE-Pougeoise
Obverse: T.V.R.R.I.S.; tower of David, annulet each side of the tower
Reverse: + D.A.V.I.T.; eight pointed star
Ref.: Schlumberger Pl. III, 26 (attributed to the kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan); Malloy et al. 2; Metcalf 206 f.
1 commentsVladislav D
BohemondV_M19_16mm49g.jpg
Denier of Bohemond V 1233-51 AD16 viewsBillion denier
Obv: +BAMVND COMS
cross patted three pellets in second quarter
Rev: +CIVITAS TRIBOL
eight pointed star, annulets between rays
Mint: Tripoli
Date: 1233-1251AD
14/16mm
.49g
Malloy 19
wileyc
Domitian_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1492.jpg
Domitian as Caesar RIC II V149254 viewsDomitian as Caesar. 69-81 A.D. AR Denarius. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint) 76 A.D. (3.07g, 18.5mm, 6h). Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITANVS, laureate head right. Rev: COS IIII across field; Eagle stg. facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. RIC II V1492 (R), BMC V487, RSC 45c.

The Flavian’s mysterious “o” mint was likely in Ephesus given stylistic links with earlier issues from that mint and the use of an annulet similar to the “o” in the last issue from 74 A.D.. This example has the same dies as the Oxford example illustrated in the updated RIC, previously owned by Curtis Clay, and coming from the BMC collection through Bob Arnold before that. The small number of dies from this mint speaks to the “o” mint’s limited output.
5 commentsLucas H
10.jpg
Domitian, AD 81-9675 viewsAR denarius, 19 mm (3.21 gm).

CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right, small 'o' below neck truncation / COS IIII, eagle standing facing on garlanded base, wings open, head right. Ephesus (?) mint, struck AD 76, as Caesar.

RIC II.1, 1492 (R); BMCRE II, 487; RSC II, 045c var. (no annulet noted); RPC II, 1466.
3 commentssocalcoins
SCBC-800.jpg
Early Anglo-Saxon, Kingdom of Northumbria: Secondary Sceattas (ca. 710-720) AR Sceat, Series G, type 3a (Abramson-21.20; cf. SCBI 63 (BM), 431-4; North-43; SCBC-800)28 viewsObv: Diademed head right; cross pommée before; [pellets behind?]
Rev: Standard with central pellet-in-annulet, saltires in angles, pellets between saltires; pellets and crosses in margin
1 commentsSpongeBob
SCBC-865.jpg
Early Anglo-Saxon, Kingdom of Northumbria: Ćthelred II, 1st reign (ca. 841-850) Ć Styca Phase II, Group Cii, Eoferwic (York) Mint (SCBC-865; Pirie, Guide 3.26n)7 viewsObv: +EDIΓRED RE–X around central cross pattée
Rev: +VEИDEΓBERH around central pellet-in-annulet
SpongeBob
279144_l.jpg
Eastern Europe. Imitation of Philip II of Macedon (Circa 200-0 BC)120 viewsTetradrachm (Kugelwange or "ball cheek" type)

20 mm, 11.46 g

Obverse: Stylized laureate head of Zeus right

Reverse: Stylized horse prancing left, pellet-in-annulet above, pelleted cross below.

Lanz 468-9; OTA 193/9.

Around the end of the 3rd century B.C., the Celtic Scordisci tribe started issuing their own local coinages imitating the types of Philip II of Macedon. These coinages had a limited volume of production and a restricted area of circulation, so their finds are not numerous and occur mostly in their own territory and in the neighboring territories of other Celtic or Celticized tribes. The Scordisci were originally formed after the Celtic invasion of Macedonia and Northern Greece (280-279 BC) which culminated in a great victory against the Greeks at Thermopylae and the sacking of Delphi, the center of the Greek world. The Celts then retreated back to the north of the Balkans (suffering many casualties along the way) and settled on the mouth of the Sava River calling themselves the Scordisci after the nearby Scordus (now Sar) mountains. The Scordisci, since they dominated the important Sava valley, the only route to Italy, in the second half of the 3rd century BC, gradually became the most powerful tribe in the central Balkans.

From 141 BC, the Scordisci were constantly involved in battles against Roman held Macedonia. They were defeated in 135 BC by Cosconius in Thrace. In 118 BC, according to a memorial stone discovered near Thessalonica, Sextus Pompeius, probably the grandfather of the triumvir, was slain fighting against them near Stobi. In 114 BC, they surprised and destroyed the army of Gaius Porcius Cato in the western mountains of Serbia, but were defeated by Minucius Rufus in 107 BC.

From time to time they still gave trouble to the Roman governors of Macedonia, whose territory they invaded, even advancing as far as Delphi for a second time and once again plundering the temple; but Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus finally overcame them in 88 BC and drove them back across the Danube. After this, the power of the Scordisci declined rapidly. This decline was more a result of the political situation in their surrounding territories rather than the effects of Roman campaigns, as their client tribes, especially the Pannonians, became more powerful and politically independent. Between 56 and 50 BC, the Scordisci were defeated by Burebista's Dacians (a Thracian king of the Getae and Dacian tribes), and became subject to him.
5 commentsNathan P
EB0358_scaled.JPG
EB0358 Mars / Q THERM MF, Two warriors18 viewsQ. Minucius Thermus M.f., moneyer, AR Denarius, 103 B.C.
Obv: Head of Mars left, wearing crested helmet ornamented with plume and annulet.
Rev: Two warriors fighting, each armed with sword and shield; the one on the left protects a fallen comrade, the other wears horned helmet; Q THERM MF (THE and M F ligate) in exergue.
References: Crawford 319/1, Syd. 592, Babelon Minucia 19.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 3.865 grams.
EB
HENRY VI.jpg
ENGLAND - HENRY VI94 viewsSILVER GROAT OF HENRY VI annulet issue 1422-1427 HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL E FRANC DNS HYB/POSI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM - (1422-1461) Calais mint, mm: pierced cross. Crowned bust facing within polylobe, annulets flanking / Long cross pattée. North 1424. SEAR 1836.
dpaul7
henry_vi_half_penny.jpg
ENGLAND - Henry VI51 viewsENGLAND - Henry VI (1422-1461) Silver Hammered Halfpenny. Circa 1422. It is of the Annulet issue and was minted in Calais. The Spink reference is 1849. dpaul7
FF_Valence_Bishops_PDA_4690_2.JPG
France (Feudal): Valence (Bishops of Valence and Die), 12th – 13th Century38 viewsPoey d’Avant 4690, Roberts 4782 var., Boudeau 1021, Belaubre 965

AR denier, 18 mm.

Obv: + VRBS VALENTIAI, angel with spread wings, resembling an eagle, facing.

Rev: + S APOLLINARS, cross with annulet in second quarter.

In 1275 the bishoprics of Valence and Die were merged. The reverse legend refers to St. Apollinaris, who is the patron saint of the cathedral in Valence.

Valence deniers are found in significant quantities in coin hoards from the Crusader possessions in the east. For this reason, the emission is also catalogued as Metcalf (Crusades & Latin East), 39-40, Metcalf Group Di. It is possible that some of the cruder varieties, such as this, are in fact eastern imitations of the French issue.
Stkp
FF_Campagne_Thibaut_Roberts_4726.JPG
France (Feudal): Champagne, Provins. Count Thibaut II, The Great (1125-1152)10 viewsRoberts 4726, Poey d'Avant 5971 Plate CXXXVIII/18, Boudeau --

AR denier, Provins mint, .80 g., 19.88 mm. max., 180°

Obv: [+] TEBAL[T] COMES (= Count Thibaut), Cross, pellets in two quadrants, alpha and omega in other quadrants.

Rev: (beginning at 9 o'clock) CASTRI P[VVI]NS (=Chateau/Castle Provins), Wool comb; T on V flanked by two annulets.

The field (champ) and comb (peigne) on the reverse is a visual pun on the name of the region.

Provins was home to two of the six Champagne and Brie fairs, which were the keys to its prosperity. The May Fair began on the Tuesday before Ascension and ran for 46 days, and the Fair of St. Ayoul began on the Exaltation of the Cross (September 14).

Thibaut II of Champagne and Thibaut IV of Blois was born about 1090 and died January 10, 1152. He was Count of Blois, Chartres, Meaux, Châteaudun lord of Sancerre between 1102 and 1152 and Count of Troyes and Champagne between 1125 and 1152.
Stkp
FF_Melgeuil.jpg
France (Feudal): County of Melgueil (Languedoc), Bishops of Maguelonne (ca. 1080-1120)6 viewsRoberts 4336 var. (central pellet), Boudeau 753 var. (same), Poey d'Avant 3842 var. (same) cf. LIIIV, 17

AR denier, Narbonne mint, .94 g., 18.44 mm. max., 270°

Obv: RAMVNDS (=Raymond; degenerate legend), cross formed from a fasces and bishop's mitres, pellet in upper left quarter.

Rev: NAIDONA (=Narbonne; degenerate legend), four annulets.

The obverse legend refers to Raymond, the first bishop who first issued these coins. The three large bars at 3 o'clock are the "M", the "o" at 8 o'clock is the "D,". and the other letters correspond accordingly. The fasces is a symbol of Rome, and the mitres symbolize the ecclesiastical authority of the bishop, whose ultimate authority resides in Rome.
Stkp
valence.jpg
France, Valence - Bishops of Valence - (1157 - 1276 A.D.)28 viewsAR Denier
O: + VRBS VΛLЄNTIΛI, angel standing facing with wings displayed.
R: S ΛP◊LLINΛRS, cross; annulet in fourth quarter.
.9g
18mm
Robert 4783
1 commentsMat
VALENCE DENIER.jpg
France, Valence -- Bishops of Valence146 viewsFrance, Valence -- Bishops of Valence - 1157-1276
Denier
Obv. Stylized angel facing VRBS VALENTIAI
Rev. Cross annulet in fourth quadrant +S APOLLI NARS
Reference: Boudeau 1021
dpaul7
Dup-377C.jpg
France: Charles VI le Bien-Aimé/le Fol (1380-1422) AR Blanc dit Guénar (Duplessy-377C)13 viewsObv: + kAROLVS FRAnCORV RЄX, shield of France; annulet below initial cross; double annulet-in-annulet stops
Rev: + SIT nOmЄ DnI BnDICTV, cross pattée; crown and lis in opposite quarters; annulet below initial cross; double annulet-in-annulet stops
SpongeBob
France_Valencebishops_19mm104g.jpg
France: Denier Bishops of Valance13 viewsBishops of Valance and Die
OBV: Stylized angel facing, +VRBS VALENTIAI
REV: Cross annulet in fourth quadrant, +S APOLLI NARS
Type C Lg head
Mint: Valence
Date: 1157-1276
19mm
1.04g

Ex;C. SUbeck Chicago 10.14.72
Ex: CNG Lot671 4/17
wileyc
simple.jpg
Frederick IV “the Simple”, (1355-1377 A.D.)37 viewsPierreale d’argento
ITALY, Kingdom of Sicily
O:  FRIDЄRICUS · DЄI · G · RЄX · SICIL · Crowned eagle standing left, his head turned to right, with his wings displayed; all within octolobe; annulet in each external void; double annulet stops.
R:  + · AC · ATЄnAR · 2 · nЄOPATRIЄ · DU Crowned coat-of-arms; G - L either side.
Messina
3.28g
24mm
5 commentsMat
FrenchHenryII_11181_1189_comb.jpg
French Henry II Count Of Champagne15 viewsEarly Feudal Comb type from Proving region.
Traders at the famous Champagne fairs gave them wide geographical range.
Count Henry hosted six major fairs in the region.
Obv.: CASTRI PRVVINS. Comb of Champagne, 'V' made of three triangles above, annulet on either side, legend begining at 10hr.
REV: +HENRI COMES Pattee with annulet in all 4 quarters
Date;1181-1197 AD
Mint: Provins
20mm
1.03g
Roberts 4726
wileyc
French-Carolingians_Fixed_type_of_Louis_IV__Anonme-AR-Obole,_County-Angouleme_XII_cent_LODOICVS_EGOLISSIME_Bd-447(2f);_P_A_,_2662var(57-5var)_Q-001_9h_15-15,5mm_0,31g-s.jpg
French, County-Angouleme, Anonymous Immobilized type in the name of Louis IV., AR-Obole, 12th-13th. Century, Bd 447 (2f), #186 viewsFrench, County-Angouleme, Anonymous Immobilized type in the name of Louis IV., AR-Obole, 12th-13th. Century, Bd 447 (2f), #1
avers: ✠LODOICVS, (S horizontal), cross pattée,
reverse: ✠EGOLISSIME, (horizontal S’s), four annulets around central small cross.
diameter: 15-15,5mm, weight: 0,31g, axis: 9h,
mint: County-Angouleme, Fixed type of Luis IV. mint mark: -,
date: 12th-13th. Century, A.D., ref: Bd-447(2f), PA 2662var(57-5var),
Q-001
quadrans
Medieval_Q-001_h_17,5mm_0,81g-s.jpg
French, Melgueil, Bishop of Maguelonne, AR-Denarius, Roberts 4336.121 viewsFrench, Melgueil, Bishop of Maguelonne, AR-Denarius, Roberts 4336.
avers:-RAMVNDS (?), Two mitres, bar.
revers:- NAIDONA (?), Four annulets.
diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,81g, axis:h,
mint: France, mint mark: - ,
date: XI-XII Century, A.D., ref: B.753. Roberts 4336. D.1578.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
FRANCE,_Provincial__Valence__Anonymous_Bishops__12th_century__AR_Denier,_S_APOLLINARIS,_VRBS_VALENTIAI,_Metcalf_LE_39,_Q-001_h,_17mm,_0,95g-s.jpg
French, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, 12th century, AR Denier, Metcalf LE 39, #1123 viewsFrench, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, 12th century, AR Denier, Metcalf LE 39, #1
avers: ✠S APOLLINARIS, Cross with annulet.
reverse: ✠VRBS VALENTIAI, Angel with spread wings, resembling an eagle.
diameter: 17,0mm, weight: 0,951g, axis: h,
mint: French, Provincial, Valence, Anonymous Bishop, mint mark: -,
date: 12th. Century, A.D., ref: Metcalf (Di) LE 39, Poey d'Avant 4690,
Q-001
Note:
Valence deniers are found in significant quantities in coin hoards from the Crusader possessions in the east. It is possible that some of the cruder varieties, such as Metcalf’s Group D are in fact eastern imitations of the French issue.
1 commentsquadrans
86204q00.jpg
GREEK, Phokaia, Ionia, c. 625 - 522 B.C., Electrum hekte23 viewsSH86204. Electrum hekte, Triton XVI, lot 464; Bodenstedt - (cf. Em. 1), aEF, well centered and struck, small edge cracks, weight 2.575 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 625/0 - 522 B.C.; obverse forepart of seal right, dolphin swimming downward behind, annulet or ring below; reverse irregular incuse square punch; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 40, lot 270; extremely rareJoe Sermarini
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Henry III7 viewsEngland. Henry III. 1216-1272. AR penny (17.56 mm, .92 g, 1 h). hЄnRICVS x RЄX x AnGLIЄ, Crowned facing bust of Henry III (no beard?), annulets at bottom of hair curls on both sides / Long cross potent divides moneyer's name and city abbreviations; three pellets in each quarter, two sets of three are joined by an annulet between them. aVF, clipped.ecoli
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Henry VI (1422 - 1461 A.D.)33 viewsAR Groat
O: +HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC / Crowned bust facing, with annulet on each side of neck.
R: +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM VILLA CALISIE / Long cross with three pellets in each angle, annulet in two quarters and after POSVI.
Annulet issue. Calais mint; im: pierced cross 2. Struck 1422-1427.
3.72g
27mm
North 1424; SCBC 1836
5 commentsMat
SCBC-1836.jpg
House of Lancaster: Henry VI (1422-1461) 1st Reign, AR Groat, Calais Mint (North-1424; SCBC-1836)24 viewsObv: HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE Z FRANC; Crowned facing bust within tressure of arches; lis at lower cusps; annulets flanking neck
Rev: POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM; VILLA CALISIE; Long cross pattée with trefoil of pellets in each quarter; annulets in second and third trefoils



1 commentsSpongeBob
hughesx.jpg
Hugues X, Comte de le Marche (1219-1249 A.D.)13 viewsAR Denier
O: +VGO COMES; Cross within beaded circle at center.
R: +MARCHIE; Cross with two crescents and two annulets within a beaded circle at center.
.80g
19mm
BD 437; PA 2609v; D 960v
1 commentsMat
10150_10151.jpg
Hugues X, Denier, +MARCHIE4 viewsAR Denier
Hugues X, Comte de le Marche
B. ca. 1185 - Died June 5, 1249
Issued: 1219 - 1239
18.0mm 0.80gr 11h
O: +VGO COMES; Cross within beaded circle at center.
R: +MARCHIE; Cross with two crescents and two annulets within a beaded circle at center.
BD 437; PA 2609v; D 960v
Holding History Coins/Nathan Hochrein 383204701477
10/17/19 11/1/19
Nicholas Z
HUN_Bela_IV_Huszar_315.JPG
Huszár 315, Unger 255, Réthy I 24837 viewsHungary. Béla IV (1235-1270). AR denar, 13.5 mm.

Obv: [* R]EX-BELA, around crowned head facing front.

Rev: Patriarchal cross, facing crowned heads below, star and crescent above, annulets between cross arms and to sides.

The coins of Béla IV were initially struck with a fineness of 0.800 silver, and later with a fineness of .900, and had an average weight of .52 g. (per Huszár at 11).

The Slavonien banaldenari were initially struck under Béla IV. The reverse of this coin bears the standard reverse featured on the banaldenari.

Huszár rarity rating 10.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Laszlo_IV_Huszar_371.jpg
Huszár 371, Unger 297, Réthy I 31928 viewsHungary. Ladislaus IV/László (1272-1290). AR denar (average weight .48 g: average fineness 0.800), .41 g., 12.26 mm. max., 180°

Obv: Facing crowned heads flanking lily, annulet in arch above heads, E-L above arch.

Rev: Nimbate Christ enthroned with outstretched arms, annulets flanking.

Ladislaus was crowned at age ten. His mother, Elizabeth, was regent from 1272 until 1277, although the kingdom was administered by baronial factions. The letters E-L on the obverse suggest that this type was minted during Ladislaus's minority.

Huszár rarity rating 10. This is an unreported variety with a pellet instead of a star in the arch.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Karoly_Robert_Huszar_449.jpg
Huszár 449, Pohl 6, Unger 356, Réthy II 33, Frynas H.24.811 viewsHungary. Charles Robert/Károly Róbert (1307-1342).
AR denar (nominal weight .50 g.), .38 g., 11.58 mm. max., 0°.
Obv: Crowned head facing, annulets flanking above, S-C flanking below.

Rev: Shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, pellets flanking.

Issued in 1301 in Zagreb (per Pohl; after his provisional coronation), or in 1307-1310? (per Huszár and Frynas) or in 1308? (per Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity R1, Unger rarity R, Frynas rarity R.
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HUN_Karoly_Huszar_456.jpg
Huszár 456, Pohl 13, Unger 362, Réthy II 54A, Frynas H.24.1513 viewsHungary. Charles Robert/Károly Róbert (1307-1342).

AR denar, .62 g., 14.68 mm. max., 90°.

Obv: + mO[nE]TA REGIS KARVLI, shield with Árpádian stripes and Angevin fleur-de-lis.

Rev: Patriarchal cross rising from base, facing crowned heads below, star above left, crescent with annulet above right, fleur-de-lis above in cross-arms, geese to sides.

Issued in 1324 (per Pohl and Huszár) or in 1323-1324 (per Unger and Frynas).

Note: The reverse is in the style of the Slavonian banaldenari.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4, Unger value 80 DM, Frynas rarity S.
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HUN_Karoly_Huszar_488.jpg
Huszár 488, Pohl 45, Unger 385, Réthy II 44, Frynas 24.3922 viewsHungary. Charles Robert/Károly Róbert (1307-1342).

AR denar (average weight 0.353 g.), .26 g., 11.59 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + [M] REGIS KAROLI, Shield with Angevin fleur-de-lis and Árpádian stripes, annulets flanking and above.

Rev: Dragon facing right, cross above.

The type was struck in 1335 per Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy, although that date is tentative per Pohl and Gyöngyössy.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 5, Unger rarity 25, Frynas rarity N.
2 commentsStkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_722_Pohl_223-4_var.jpg
Huszár 722, Pohl 223-4 var., Unger 567d var., Réthy II 232, Kaplan Subtype C 94 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, .54 g., 15.74 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + M • MATHIE • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), raven with ring in escutcheon, annulets to sides.

Rev: PATRON — VNGARIE, Crowned nimbate Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—•/˘ (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck in 1487-1490 (per Pohl) or 1489-1490 (per Huszár & Unger), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Casper Stek for Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl), in 1487 (per Poh) or 1490 (per Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This type has three subtypes. Subtype C only appear with this privy mark, and comprise a small fraction of the coins of this emission. This is an unrecorded mintmark variety due to the pellet above the ˘.

Subtype C coins have annulets to the sides of the shield. It is depicted in Huszár.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-2.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-2, Unger 638c, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A190 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .52 g., 15.5 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets to sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE •, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—M/AF (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Andreas Hellebrand and Franz Körnidl (per Pohl) in 1494 (per Unger) or 1495 per Pohl.

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), and sub-subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-4_A1.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, Réthy II 276. Kaplan Subtype A183 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, .45 g., 15-16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • V]NGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets at sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl) or 1490-1502 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
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HUN_Istvan_V_Huszar_357.JPG
Huszár 357, Unger 268, RĂ©thy I 29756 viewsHungary. Stephen V (István, in Hun.) (1270-1272). AR denar, 11 mm.

Obv: + MONETA • VNGARIE, Crowned head facing left.

Rev: Two birds facing each other, between them an א (Aleph – Hebrew letter).

Issued by Altman ben Chenok, kammergraf (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 6. This emission is recorded with and without an annulet to the left of the crowned head. This coin does not bear an annulet, as per Huszár.
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HUN_Istvan_V_Huszar_358.JPG
Huszár 358, Unger 269, RĂ©thy I 29877 viewsHungary. Stephen V (István, in Hun.) (1270-1272). AR obolus, 10 mm.

Obv: + • M • VNGARIE, Crowned head facing left.

Rev: Two birds facing each other, between them an א (Aleph – Hebrew letter).

Issued by Altman ben Chenok, kammergraf (as determined by Rádóczy and Nagy, per Friedenberg; also per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 8. This emission is recorded with and without an annulet to the left of the crowned head. This coin bears an annulet, as per Unger and Réthy.

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HUN_Matyas_Huszar_722_Pohl_223-1_Subtype_B.JPG
Huszár 722, Pohl 223-1, Unger 567b&e, RĂ©thy II 232, Kaplan Subtype B 151 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: + M • MATHIE • R • VNGARIE, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), raven with ring in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRON — VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—P/rosette (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck in 1487-1490 (per Pohl) or 1489-1490 (per Huszár & Unger), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl), in 1489 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This type has three subtypes. Subtype B comprises around 30% of the coins of this emission. This privy mark appears on multiple subtypes, and on roughly 85% of the coins of this type.

Subtype B coins do not have pellets or annulets to the sides of the shield. It is depicted in Huszár.

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HUN_Matyas_Huszar_722_Pohl_223-4_Subtype_C.JPG
Huszár 722, Pohl 223-4, Unger 567d, RĂ©thy II 232, Kaplan Subtype C 161 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: + M • MATHIE • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), raven with ring in escutcheon, annulets to sides.

Rev: PATRON — VNGARIE, Crowned nimbate Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—˘ (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck in 1487-1490 (per Pohl) or 1489-1490 (per Huszár & Unger), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Casper Stek for Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl), in 1487 (per Pohl) or 1490 (per Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This type has three subtypes. Subtype C only appear with this privy mark, and comprise a small fraction of the coins of this emission.

Subtype C coins have annulets to the sides of the shield.
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HUN_Matyas_Huszar_722_Pohl_223-2_Subtype_B.JPG
Huszár 722var., Pohl 223-2var., Unger 567cvar., RĂ©thy II 232var., Kaplan Subtype B 158 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: + M • MATHIE • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), raven with ring in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRON — VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—P/thin rosette (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck in 1487-1490 (per Pohl) or 1489-1490 (per Huszár & Unger), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl), in 1489 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This type has three subtypes. Subtype B comprises around 30% of the coins of this emission. This coin is unusual in that the Madonna is not nimbate.

Subtype B coins do not have pellets or annulets to the sides of the shield. It is depicted in Huszár.
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-1.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-1, Unger 638b, RĂ©thy II 276. Kaplan (pub. pending) Subtype A1132 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI.R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets to sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE •, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—˘ (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Caspar Stek for Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl) in 1492-1493 (per Pohl) or 1490-1494 (per Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), and sub-subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-3.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-3, Unger 638d, RĂ©thy II 276. Kaplan (pub. pending) Subtype A1149 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI.R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon, annulets to sides.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE •, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—M/AF/B (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Andreas Hellebrand and Franz Körnidl (per Pohl) in 1495 (per Unger) or 1496 per Pohl.

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), and sub-subtype 1 is the most common variety, in which there are annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Unger).
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-4_non-nimbate.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4 var., Unger 638e, RĂ©thy II 276. Kaplan Subtype B2157 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 15+ mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA—VNGARIE, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Subtype B is a rare variety of the emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are not nimbate (described and depicted in Huszár and Pohl). This privy mark is rare on Subtype B coins, and is not recorded by Pohl (it is only recorded by Mucza). Sub-subtype 2 is the variety in which there are neither pellets nor annulets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Huszár and Pohl).
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-4.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-4, Unger 638e, RĂ©thy II 276. Kaplan (pub. pending) Subtype A2119 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI.R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRON—VNGARIE •, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—S/E (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Stephanus Ryzmegl and Erasmus Rezl, joint unterkammergraffen (per Pohl) in 1497 (per Pohl & Unger).

Huszar/Pohl rarity rating 3. Kaplan subtype A is the standard form of this emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are nimbate (described in Huszár, depicted in Unger & Réthy), and sub-subtype 2 is variety, in which there are neither annulets nor pellets to the sides of the shield (depicted in Réthy).
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_803_Pohl_238-5_blackened.JPG
Huszár 803, Pohl 238-5, Unger 638f, RĂ©thy II 276. Kaplan (pub. pending) Subtype B2 123 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 17 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAI • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Bohemian lion in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRONA – VNGARIE •, Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–T (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1502 (per Huszár) or 1490-1498 (per Unger) or 1492-1499 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in 1498 (per Pohl & Unger) in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Hans Thurzó or Matthias Tengler, each of whom was a kammergraf at Kremnitz sometime during the year 1498 (per Pohl). As none of the subsequent emissions attributed to Thurzó bear this mark, it would appear that this mark was more likely struck by Tengler, who would otherwise have served without leaving any mark.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. Subtype B is a rare variety of the emission, in which the Madonna and infant Jesus are not nimbate (described and depicted in Huszár and Pohl), and Sub-subtype 2 is the variant of the subtype in which there are neither pellets nor annulets to the sides of the shield (also depicted in Huszár and Pohl). This privy mark only appears on Subtype B coins.
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HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_804.JPG
Huszár 804, Pohl 237, Unger 639a, RĂ©thy II 273 140 viewsHungary. Wladislaus II (Ulászló II in Hun.) (1490-1516). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: M • WLADISLAIE • R • VNGARI •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle with closed wings in center, annulets to sides of shield.

Rev: • PATRONA – VNGARIE •, Nimbate Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K–˘ (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1490-1491 (per Pohl) or 1490-1494 (per Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Caspar Stek for Peter Schaider, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
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HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_846_1525_Pohl_258-11.JPG
Huszár 846, Pohl 258-11, Unger 675t, Réthy II 308A, dated 1525 63 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: 1525, with annulets on either side of date, above four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon, rosette between two annulets on sides of shield.

Rev: Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L—S (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1521-1525 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1521-1526 (per Pohl).

This type was an inflationary currency that was referred to by contemporaries as “moneta nova.” On average, 400 denars, each weighing 0.49 g., were struck form Ofner mark of silver with a fineness of 0,250 (per Huszár). They were officially valued at ˝ a denar, but the public did not accept them at this overvalued rate (per Huszár & Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
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HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_846_1524_Pohl_258-2.JPG
Huszár 846, Pohl 258-2, Unger 675e, Réthy II 308A, dated 1524 168 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: 1524, with rosettes on either side of date, above four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon, rosette between two annulets on sides of shield.

Rev: Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L—K (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1521-1525 (per Huszár) or 1521-1526 (per Pohl & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) (per Pohl).

This type was an inflationary currency that was referred to by contemporaries as “moneta nova.” On average, 400 denars, each weighing 0.49 g., were struck form Ofner mark of silver with a fineness of 0,250 (per Huszár). They were officially valued at ˝ a denar, but the public did not accept them at this overvalued rate (per Huszár & Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
Stkp
HUN_Lajos_II_Huszar_846_1525_Pohl_258-24_var.JPG
Huszár 846, Pohl 258-24 var, Unger 675n var., Réthy II 308A, dated 1525 ?149 viewsHungary. Louis II (Lajos II in Hun.) (1516-1526). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: 1525 [?], with annulets on either side of date, above four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), Polish eagle in escutcheon, R—D with rosettes above and below on sides of shield.

Rev: Crowned Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, L—R (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1521-1525 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1521-1526 (per Pohl). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) under a collective municipal moneyer-mark.

This type was an inflationary currency that was referred to by contemporaries as “moneta nova.” On average, 400 denars, each weighing 0.49 g., were struck form Ofner mark of silver with a fineness of 0,250 (per Huszár). They were officially valued at ˝ a denar, but the public did not accept them at this overvalued rate (per Huszár & Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This series of privy marks is not recorded, but is closest to Pohl 258-24, Unger 675n (K-D on obverse and L-R on reverse).
Stkp
SmyrnaPseudo.jpg
Ionia, Smyrna. Ć24 Pseudo-autonomous.38 viewsIONIA, Smyrna. Pseudo-autonomous issue. Time of Gordian III, AD 238-244(?). Ć 24mm. Third Neokorate. Draped bust of the Senate right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia, within tetrastyle temple with annulet in pediment. SNG Copenhagen 1321; SNG von Aulock -.ancientone
MISC_Italy_Aquiliea_Bernardi_47_Bertrando.jpg
Italian States. Aquileia, Patriarchate.16 viewsBernardi 47, Biaggi 170, CNI VI p. 26, 6-8

AR denaro (median weight 0.97 g.; nominal weight .1.10 g., nominal fineness 0.573); .72 g., 19.09 mm. max., 180◦.

Struck 1340 under Patriarch Bertrando di San Genesio (1334-1350).

Obv: [BERTR]--AnDVS•P•, Nimbate (ornate halo of annulets) Virgin Mary seated, holding nimbate infant Jesus to her left.

Rev: + AQVIL--ECEnS•, Eagle with spread wings facing left, B on its breast.

Bernardi rarity R.
Stkp
JET_Ave_Maria_Gracia.jpg
Jeton, AE, 4.99 g., 26.66 mm max.., undated.11 viewsProbably minted at Tournai, Belgium, ca. 1415-1497.

Les Jetons du Moyen Âge, Claude Roelandt, Stéphan Sombart, Michel Prieur no. 584 var. (reverse letters); Rouver __.

Obv: Shield with arms of France (tree fleur de lis), large annulet flanked by pellets above, three pellets to each side. AVE MARIA ◦ GRACIA.

Rev: Triple-stranded straight cross fleuretty within four-arched tressure, P - O - O - O in external angles.
Stkp
865874l.jpg
Kalinga: Anonymous (ca. 500-400 BC) AR ˝ Karshapana36 viewsObv: Tree, 7-annulet pattern, 4-arm symbol, and elephant facing right
Rev: Blank
SpongeBob
Capture~10.PNG
King Henry VI13 viewsKing Henry VI Hammered Silver Penny Annulet Issue. 1422-1430

obverse.HENRICVS REX ANGLIE, Crowned facing bust, annulet to each side of neck

Reverse.VIL LA CAL IS, Long cross with three pellets in each quadrant, with an annulet in two quarters

Weight.0.79 grams

Diameter.17.47 mm
Macedonian Warrior
Henry_V_penny,_1413-1422_AD,_York.JPG
Kingdom of England - Henry V penny, 1413-1422 AD, York33 viewsHenry V
AR Penny
York, 1413-1422
HENRICVS REX ANGLIE
Crowned bust of king facing; mullet to left and whole annulet to right of crown.
CIVITAS EBORACI
Long cross pattée with three pellets in each angle; quatrefoil at centre.
Spink 1786
Ardatirion
4E4BA479-44F1-490A-A152-4A1494B37109.jpeg
Kingdom of Jerusalem . Baldwin III - Amalric 1143-1174 Cut AV Fragment22 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III - Amalric (AD 1143-1174)
Cut AV Fragment. 0.35g, 9mm.
[..]L(?)•[..] in outer circle, top of cross in tressure within inner circle
(annulet)IS(?) in outer circle, pyramid with lined outer frame within inner circle.
Metcalf LE 240ff; J.D. Brady: "A Firm Attribution of Latin Gold Coinage to Twelfth Century Jerusalem" ANSMN 23 (1978), type I; CCS p.67, types 1-3.
Ex Spink Auction 342, 30 October 2018,
Ex Roma Numismatics Ltd E-Sale 56 9 May 2019
Vladislav D
1.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier41 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier.
reverse : + DAMIATA, head facing with curly hair, wearing crown ornamented with three pellets .
obverse : + IOhES : REX :, cross pattée, annulets in upper right and lower left quarters, triple pellet stops;

CCS 43 .
Vladislavs D
jbr.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier35 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier. 0.45 gr.
reverse + DAMIATA, head facing with curly hair, wearing crown ornamented with three pellets
obverse + IOhES : REX :, cross pattée, annulets in upper right and lower left quarters, triple pellet stops;
CCS 43
Ex Roberto Pesant
Vladislavs D
11.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier.37 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM .John of Brienne, 1210-1225 AD. AR Denier. 0.65gr.
reverse + DAMIATA, head facing with curly hair, wearing crown ornamented with three pellets .
obverse + IOhES : REX :, cross pattée, annulets in upper right and lower left quarters, triple pellet stops;
CCS 43 .
Ex LAC .
Vladislavs D
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Kingdom of Jerusalem, Aimery de Lusignan (1197-1205 and later to 1220), Billon Denier44 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem, Aimery de Lusignan (1197-1205 and later to 1220), Billon Denier, crude work, Jerusalem mint,
reverse : the Holy Sepulchre, +DE IERVSALEM .
obverse : AMALRICVS REX, cross pattée with an annulet in the 2nd and 3rd quarter,
rev., the Holy Sepulchre, +DE IERVSALEM .
CCS 37-41
Vladislavs D
Henry_of_Champagne.jpg
Kingdom of Jerusalem, Henry of Champagne , 1192-1197 . AE Pougeoise 36 viewsKingdom of Jerusalem, Henry of Champagne , 1192-1197 .
AE Pougeoise . Acre mint . 17.6 mm, 1.06 g.
Obverse: COMES HENRICVS, cross pattée, annulet in each corner .
Reverse : PVGES D'ACCON , Fleur-de-lis .
CCS 33
Hand engraved motifs on the reverse . Found in Jerusalem . Purchased in the Jerusalem market by David Hendin ( 2011-13)
Ex. Amphora coins .
Vladislav D
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Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Amaury, 1163-1174 AD. AR Denier138 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM. Amaury, 1163-1174 AD. AR Denier .
reverse : + DE IERVSALEM, Church of the Holy Sepulchre
obverse : AMALRICVS REX, cross pattée, annulets in upper right and lower left quarters;
CCS 25-31
Vladislavs D
jer.jpg
Kingdom of JERUSALEM. Amaury, 1163-1174 AD. AR Denier .53 viewsKingdom of JERUSALEM. Amaury, 1163-1174 AD. AR Denier .
obverse : AMALRICVS REX, cross pattée, annulets in upper right and lower left quarters;
reverse : + DE IERVSALEM, Church of the Holy Sepulchre
CCS 25-31
1 commentsVladislav D
image78962.JPG
Kingdom of Jerusalem; Baldwin II - IV8 viewsBaldwin II - IV (1118-1185)

Bi Denier

Obverse: BALdVINUS REX, Cross Patee , (+) cross type x with annulet ends, tower top tapers, fish tail serifs

Reverse: +de IERVSALEM, Tower of David

Mint: Jerusalem
Minted: 1118- 1185
Notes: VF, ‘Rough Series’
Ex IS Wright Postal Auction 1993; Ex Coin Galleries (Stacks) Auction 07/11/1990 Lot 946 (Part)
Ref: Schl.III.21
jimbomar
styca.jpg
Kingdom of Northumbria - Irregular, Civil War issue c. 843/44-c. 85526 viewsIrregular, Civil War Issue
AE styca
York - c. 843/44-c. 855
dot in annulet
illegible legend
dot in annulet
indistinct legend
Spink 872
Ardatirion
ISL_Mamluk_Balog_504___Ali.jpg
Mamluk (Bahri). `Ali II (al-Mansur `Ala al-Din Ali) (778-783 A.H. = 1377-1381 A.D.)9 viewsBalog 504 Plate XIX 504; Album 963

AE fals, Trablus/Tripoli mint, undated; 2.71 g., 18.45 mm. max. 0°

Obv.: Border of dots, in which circular line. Field divided by two horizontal lines into three segments: ضرب طر (duriba Trablus) / لملك المنصور (al-Malik al-Mansur) / ابلس (_____).

Rev. Border of dots in which circular line. In it, a hexagon with concave sides. In the segments formed by circle and hexagon, annulets. In the field, fleur-de-lis with rhomboidal basis.

Ali was the son of Sha'ban II and the great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was installed as sultan at age nine upon the death of his father in a revolt. He died four years later.
Stkp
mary.jpg
Mary (1553 - 1554 A.D.)40 viewsAR Groat
O: mΛRIΛ : (pomegranate) D’. G’. ΛnG'. FRΛ’. Z : hIB’. RЄGI’, crowned bust left; double and single annulet stops.
R: VЄRITΛ S (pomegranate) TЄm PORIS FILIΛ, royal coat-of-arms over long cross fourchée.
Tower (London) mint; im: pomegranate
23mm
1.86g
North 1960; SCBC 2492
3 commentsMat
1489dena.jpg
Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458 - 1490 A.D.)47 viewsAR Hugary Denar
1488
O:+ M • MATHIE • R • VNGARIE •, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion), raven with ring in escutcheon, annulets to sides.
R: PATRON — VNGARIE, Nimbate crowned Madonna with nimbate infant Jesus to her right, K—P/rosette (privy mark) in fields.
16mm
.4g
Kremnictz (Körmöczbánya) Mint
P=Mintmaster Peter Schaider
Huszar 722, Unger 567-b, and Corp. Num. Hung. II. 232 (Pohl)
2 commentsMat
cnut.jpg
MEDIEVAL, Anglo Saxon England, Cnut, AR Penny, 1016-1035 AD.41 viewsAnglo-Saxon Kings of England, Cnut AR Penny. AD 1016-1035. Short Cross type (BMC xvi, Hild. H). Lundene (London) mint; Godman, moneyer. Struck circa 1029-1035/6.
Obverse: + CNVT T R·ECX:, diademed bust left; sceptrE before
Reverse: + GODMΛN ON LVN, voided short cross with pellet-in-annulet in center.
SCBI 14 (Copenhagen), 2601-3 var. (same obv. die, mint name); Hild. 2426; BMC –; North 790; SCBC 1159; CNG 90, lot 2396 (same dies). 1.14g, 17mm, 3h.
chance v
Crusaders,_Frankish_Greece,_Principality_of_Achaea,_John_of_Gravina,_1322_-_1333.jpg
MEDIEVAL, GREECE, Frankish Greece, Clarentza mint. Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333. 33 viewsBillon denier tournois, 0.663g, 18.8mm, 180o. Fragment. Obv: cross pattée; + IOhS P AChE. Rev: castle tournois, annulet on each side, m? below, + D' CLARENCIA. Ref: Malloy Crusaders 56 (or similar). RARE

Ex. R. Pesant Collection & Alex G. Malloy Collection

Bard Gram O
MELGUEIL-LANQUEDOC.jpg
MELGUEIL-LANGUEDOC124 viewsMELGUEIL-LANGUEDOC - Silver Denier, 12th-13th Century. Obv.: Annulets arranged cruciform, dot at center; and degenerate legend RAIMVNDs. Rev.: Pillar flanked by 2 mitres forming a cross, NAIbONA in degenerate letters. 1.1 g. PdA #3843.dpaul7
Metapontum_Diobol.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania37 views470-440 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.82g).
O: Ear of barley with six grains.
R: Incuse barley grain; annulet to left.
Noe 304; HN Italy 1488 
ex Agora Auctions; ex Artifact Man

Metapontum was located on the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
This ideal location, lying on a richly fertile plain, would provide the Metapontines with the abundant grain harvests from which they became both wealthy and influential. By the fifth century Metapontum had grown so prosperous that she paid an annual tribute to Delphi in the form of a "golden harvest" (Strabo), thought to be a sheaf of grain fashioned from gold.
1 commentsEnodia
Roberts-8932.jpg
Metz: Civic Issue (ca. 14th-16th centuries) AR Gros, Metz (Robert p. 213, 4; Boudeau 1659-60; Roberts 8932)18 viewsObv: S.STEPHA.PROTH.M; St. Étienne kneeling left; civic coat-of-arms of Metz to left and right; manus Dei above; star stops
Rev: BNDICT.SIT.NOM.DNI.NRI.IHV.XP,GRO-SSU-S.M-ETE; Cross pattée; star in quarters; annulet stops
Quant.Geek
MILAN_-_MEDIEVAL.jpg
MILAN - Gian Galeazzo Visconti88 viewsMILAN - Gian Galeazzo Visconti, as duke. 1395-1402. AR Grosso (24mm, 2.3 g). Obv.: Coiled serpent eating a man (or, as some say, a Basilisk), flanked by G-3, all within quadrilobe. + GALIAZ · VICECOES · D · MEDIOLAИI
Rev.: St. Ambrose mitred, nimbate, seated, holding scourge and crozier; annulet in left field. S AMBROSIVS (AMB ligate) MEDIOLAN. Reference: Casellotti 2.
1 commentsdpaul7
AETHELRED_II.jpg
NORTHUMBRIA - Aethelred II89 viewsNORTHUMBRIA - Aethelred II Aethelred II, Eanred moneyer; AE styca - York - 840-844 AD.
Obv.: cross in center, "+EDILRED REX"
Rev.: annulet in center, "+EANRED"
Spink 865
dpaul7
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Period of Artaxerxes I-Darius III (375 - 336 BC.) - AR Siglos (5.46 g)22 viewsObv. Archer (the Great King) - kneeling right, holding dagger and bow, three annulets on chest.
Rev. Irregular punch.
16x12mm and 5.46 grams.
References: Carradice type IV A/B: SGCV II 4683; BMC Arabia p. 165, 125 ff.; SNG Kayhan 1033 ff., Rosen 674 ff.
1 commentsCanaan
rjb_greek19_08_07.jpg
Phoenicia - Sidon24 viewsAR 1/16 shekel
370-358 BC
O - Galley left
R - King fighting lion, annulet between
BMC 36
mauseus
PORTUGAL_VINTEM_D_MANUEL_I_No3.jpg
PORTUGAL - Manuel I31 viewsPORTUGAL - Manuel I (1495-1521) AR Vintem, Lisboa Mint. Obv.: Center crowned M flanked by annulets; L below left annulet. I : EMANVEL : R : P : ET : A : D : GVINE (with retrograde Ns) Rev.: Crowned shield, A : D : GVU / GVINNE Reference: AG #26.01dpaul7
denierfrance19mm1_20g.jpg
Provincial. Valence. Anonymous Bishops.17 views12th century. AR Denier
+S APOLLINARIS, cross with annulet
+VRBS VALENTIAI, angel with spread wings, resembling an eagle
12c
19mm
1.20g
ex arthur Spelzman
cng 3/17
wileyc
1456_Thermus.jpg
Q. Minucius Thermus - AR denarius9 viewsRome
˛99 BC
ą103 BC
head of Mars left waring crested helmet ornamented with feather and annulet
Q. Minucius Q.f. L.n. Thermus right fighting barbarian (Ligurian) left wearing horned helmet over Roman soldier kneeling right; everyone holding sword and shield
Q·(THE)RM·(MF)
ąCrawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, RSC I Minucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, RBW Collection 1174, SRCV I 197
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
ex Künker
Johny SYSEL
image~6.jpg
Raymond III Tripoli Pougeoise21 viewsRAYMOND III

(1152-1187)

Star and crescent pougeoise Type 4a

Obverse:  Crescent and eight-pointed star with CIVITAS TRIPOLIS legend for Tripoli mint
Reverse: Triple annulet ended cross over cross with annulet and crescent on each arm
Mint: Tripoli
Minted: 1164-1173
Wt:1.28 grams
Notes: VF/F; Ex Timeline Auctions; Auction 25 - 27/02/2016, Lot 2274
jimbomar
Vespasian_Eph_Paci.jpg
RIC 1457 Vespasian Ephesus denarius93 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P
Laureate head right

PACI AVGVSTAE
Victory advancing right, holding wreath in extended right hand and palm across left shoulder, annulet at lower left, at lower right, star.

Ephesus 74 AD.

3.01g


RIC 1457 (C); RPC 853; RCV 2271 var

Ex-Sphinx Numismatics
6 commentsJay GT4
VespasianEph.jpg
RIC 1464 Vespasian Ephesus denarius183 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR PPP
Laureate head right

CONCORDIA AVG
Concordia seated left, annulet below, star in Exergue

3.41g

Ephesus 74 AD

RIC 1464 (R2)

Rare

Ex-Calgary coin

about XF
10 commentsJay GT4
RIC_1477_Vespasianus.jpg
RIC 1477 Vespasianus27 viewsObv : IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, Laureate head right. Small annulet under neck truncation (out of flan)
Rev : PON MAX TR P COS VII, Winged caduceus
AR/Denarius (18.63 mm 2.99 g 5 h) Struck in 76 A.D. Uncertain Asia Minorr mint (Ephesus?)
RIC 1477 (R), RSC 375a, RPC 1453, BMCRE 483, Paris 371
FlaviusDomitianus
CONSTANTINE_I_TWO_SOLDIERS_ONE_STANDARD.JPG
Roman Empire, CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE3/4 of Siscia. Struck A.D.337.45 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Rosette and laurel diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing either side of a single standard, annulet in banner; in exergue, ASIS*.
RIC VII : 261.
VERY RARE
*Alex
Constantine I Hereclea RIC 70 obv and rev.jpg
ROMAN EMPIRE, Constantine I, RIC Hereclea 7057 viewsConstantine I
AE3.
Hereclea Mint. 307- 337 A.D.
Obv: CONSTANTINVS AVG - Ladder shaped diadem with annulets, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG VOT XXX
Exergue: SMH(gamma)
Ref: RIC Hereclea 70
Note: No longer in my collection. Swapped for Arcadius RIC X 97, May 2005.
seraphic
AnDid~0.jpg
ROMAN REPUBLIC, Anonymous - Quadrigatus/Didrachm154 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory. - Described in listing as Cr. 29, 3 Syd. 65
6 commentsNemonater
88379q00.jpg
Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C., Silverdenarius13 viewsThe reverse refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR88379. Silver denarius, Crawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, RSC I Minucia 19, BMCRR Italy 653, RBW Collection 1174, SRCV I 197, gVF, attractive style, light marks, some die wear, exergue not fully struck, Rome mint, weight 3.670g, maximum diameter 19.2mm, die axis 60o, 103 B.C.; obverse head of Mars left, wearing crested helmet, side ornamented with feather and annulet; reverse Roman soldier, on the left, fighting a barbarian, on the right, protecting a fallen comrade in center below, each holding a sword and shield, Roman soldier holds oval shield ornamented with a thunderbolt, barbarian wears a horned helmet, Q•TERM•MF in exergue
Mark R1
series-h.jpg
S.801 Anglo-Saxon sceat55 viewsAnglo-Saxon secondary phase sceat, ca. early 8th century
Monarch: unknown (possibly Ine of Wessex)
Moneyer: unknown
Mint: Hamwic
Series H
Type 49
SCBC 801
N. 103
O: Face in circle with pellets around, cross beneath and seven pellets-in-annulets around
R: Bird standing right with cross with dots below

This "Woden" head coin comes in multiples styles, with anywhere from 5-12 annulets around the face. While the face is purported to be a representation of Woden, or Odin, there is no particular reason it must be.

The type was manufactured in Hamwic, a port city thought to be modern day Southampton. This area was developed during the time of Ine of Wessex, and that ruler may have made it his seat; not surprisingly coinage took place there. Hamwic was the first Channel port of the expanding kingdom of Wessex, and provided a site for trade with the Franks and Frisians. This particular coin is probably from the period of 720-740.

Surprisingly, while there was certainly continental trade through Hamwic, this coin type has not been found in any great number outside of the Hamwic area. Perhaps this was an internal coinage for the merchants of England, and other coins such as the series E "porcupine" sceat were for international trading.

Ex- Silbury Coins
1 commentsNap
aethelred-ii-fordred.jpg
S.865 Aethelred II (Forthred)29 viewsStyca of Aethelred II, king of Northumbria (first reign) 841-844
Moneyer: Forthred
Mint: York (presumably)
S. 865
O: +EDILRED REX
R: +FORDRED
Motif: 3b(var)/1

Unusual obverse central motif, with a pellet-in-annulet with 4 pellets surrounding.
Nap
edilred-fordred.JPG
S.865 Aethelred II (Forthred)27 viewsStyca of Aethelred II, king of Northumbria, first reign (841-844)
Moneyer: Forthred
0.75 g, 12.5 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +EDIΓRED REX
R/ +FORDRED
Motif: 3b(var)/5d

Although not reaching the variety of Leofthegn, Forthred's central motifs are sometimes quite unusual. The motif of the obverse is here a pellet-in-annulet with 4 pellets around.
Droger
Samitan.jpg
Sogdiana, Principality of Samitan: Nanaiabiat Samidanian (ca. 700-800 AD) AE Cash (Fedorov: pl. 24, 1-6)30 viewsObv: Sogdian legend around square hole, which can be translated as 'Nanaiabiat Samidanian', Samidan being the town's name, Nanaiabiat the ruler.
Rev: Tamgha each side of square hole. The identical tamghas are in the form of a semi-circle on a pedestal; small annulet in semi-circle.

Reference

Fedorov, M., & Kuznetsov, A. (2010). A Hoard of Early Medieval Sogdian Bronze Coins from the Ming Tepe Hillfort. The Numismatic Chronicle, 170, 446-451.
SpongeBob
MISC_Spain_Aragon_Alfonso_II_dinero.jpg
Spain: Catalonia. Alfonso I/Alfons II (the Chaste, or the Troubador (King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona 1192-1196)23 viewscf. Burgos 850; cf. Crusafont 135

AR dinero, Barcelona mint. 1.11 gr., 18.83 mm. max., 0°

Obv: : BARQVINO, cross between annulets.

Rev: CI - VI - RE - ◦X ◦, long cross.
Stkp
Misc_Spain_Aragon_Jaime_I_dinero.jpg
Spain: Catalonia. Jaime/Jaume I (the Conqueror) (King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona 1213-1276)39 viewscf. Burgos 855; cf. Crusafont 155; cf. ME 1710

AR dinero, Barcelona mint. .86 gr., 17.55 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + BARQVInOnA, crowned bust left.

Rev: IA-CO-B R-EX, long cross with annulets and pellets in quarters.
1 commentsStkp
Constantine_GLOR-_EXERC_ASIS.JPG
Struck A.D.337. CONSTANTINE I as Augustus. AE3/4 of Siscia8 viewsObverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG. Rosette and laurel diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Constantine facing right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS. Two soldiers standing either side of a single standard, annulet in banner; in exergue, ASIS✱.
RIC VII : 261.
VERY RARE
*Alex
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_1460.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V146030 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 74 A.D. (2.85g., 17.0mm, 6h). Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l. on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue star. RIC II V1460 (R2), BMC V477, RSC 39a, RPC 856. Ex. Forum.

This is another from the series issued in Ephesus with issue marks. On this worn example, there is just a star in exergue. RIC rates this issue as more scarce that the same reverse sporting both a star and annulet under Ceres’ chair.
Lucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1470.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V147029 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. Ephesus Mint, 74 A.D. (3.18g, 18.6m, 6h). Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III, bearded, laureate head r. Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.), Victory advancing r., with wreath and palm, at lower r., star, below annulet. RIC II 1470, RPC 857, RSC 123. Ex CNG 277/227.

The PACI AVGVSTAE reverse shown here is unique to the Ephesus mint, as are the issue marks. There are a number of issues with the star from this mint, but fewer with the annulet in conjunction with the star.
The condition of this coin makes it one of my better Titus specimens. His beard is clearly visible, and the star and annulet are pristine.
1 commentsLucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1481.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V148135 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (2.89g, 18.4mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS, laureate head r., annulet below tip of neck. Rev: COS V, across field; eagle standing left, head right, wings half raised, on altar. VF. RIC II V1481 (R), BMC 485, RPC 1457. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A scarce issue from the elusive “o” mint in operation for the Flavians in 76 A.D. Showing the scarcity of this issue, this same obverse die was used for the RIC plate coin for 1482, BMC pl. 17.14, and my two other Titus “o” mint coins V1485 and V1486.
2 commentsLucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1485.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V148535 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (2.95g, 19.4mm, 0h). Obv: T CAES IMP CESP CENS, laureate head r., annulet below tip of neck. Rev: FIDES PVBL, hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears. RIC II 1485 (R), RPC 1459. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A scarce issue from the elusive “o” mint in operation for the Flavians in 76 A.D. Showing the scarcity of this issue, this same obverse die was used for the RIC plate coin for 1482, BMC pl. 17.14, and my two other Titus “o” mint coins V1481 and V1486. This specimen also has an unusual 0 degree die axis.
2 commentsLucas H
Titus_as_Caesar_RIC_II_V1486.jpg
Titus as Caesar RIC II V148648 viewsTitus as Caesar. 69-79 A.D. Uncertain Asian Mint (“o” mint). 76 A.D. (3.39g, 19.5mm, 6h). Obv: T CAES IMP VESP CENS, laureate head right, annulet below tip of neck. Rev: PON MAX TR P COS V, winged caduceus. About VF. RIC II 1486 (R2), RPC 1460. Ex. Harry N. Sneh Collection.

A very scarce issue from the “o” mint. This may be only the fourth known specimen of this coin (ANS, Berlin, and David Atherton). This type is not in the BMC, the Paris collection, or Cohen. This example is also a good example of the lax standards at this mint as the title “Pon Max” is inappropriate for Titus as Caesar. Also note the small number of dies used in this series as this obverse die is shared by my other two “o” mint Titus coins, BMC pl. 17-14, and RIC 1482.
2 commentsLucas H
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Titus as Caesar RIC-146078 viewsAR Denarius, 3.35g
Ephesus Mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA-AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; in exergue, star
RIC 1460 (R2). BMC 477. RSC 39a. RPC 856 (2 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

This reverse type (shared with Vespasian), a common issue at Rome and to some degree Ephesus, is rare with the star mint mark. The Eastern denarii are usually done in a fine style and are very distinct from the much more abundant Rome issues. Here we see Titus gazing heavenwards, a trait of this particular series. Another group minted around the same time used annulets as mint marks along with the star. The star alone rates an R2 in RIC.

Perhaps a bit worn with a few stains, but IMHO a handsome example from this very rare series.
David Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-146993 viewsAR Denarius, 2.74g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r., annulet at tip of bust
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; below throne, annulet; in exergue, star
RIC 1469 (R2). BMC 477. RSC -. RPC 856 var. BNC -.
Ex Gemini IX, 8 January 2012, Harry N. Sneh Collection, lot 429

The annulet before the obverse bust is an important distinction, it may signify a new series for Ephesus. For now it is cataloged with Ephesus group 9. The annulet is barely visible in hand.

In wonderful condition with a pleasing style. There seems to be no end to the high quality output from this mint!
4 commentsDavid Atherton
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Titus as Caesar RIC-1470102 viewsAR Denarius, 3.00g
Ephesus Mint, 74 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: IMP T CAESAR COS III; Head of Titus, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE (from high r.); Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower r. star; below, annulet
RIC 1470(C). BMC 479. RSC 123. RPC 857 (3 spec.). BNC 370.
Ex Harry N. Sneh Collection.

Even at the mint of Ephesus Titus shared many reverses with Vespasian, this Victory included; 'The Imperial Peace'.

A wonderful, stylish obverse die was employed here making this coin a good example of what Ephesus was capable of. A bit off-center, but it can be forgiven.
1 commentsDavid Atherton
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TRIER 1 S TR.S6 viewsRIC 542
First RIC 542, LRBC 65.
An early example from the first issue. Note the four curls of hair emerging from beneath the helmet and the annulets across the front of Roma's drapery. This style is noted at Lyons during the first issue, implying the engraver responsible began working at Trier and was then moved to Lyons. Weight 2.00g.
Adrianus
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TRIER 1 S TR.S5 viewsRIC 542, RIC 91.
An early obverse style with the four curls emerging from under the helmet and a row of annulets across the chest. The tall wolf is also a feature of Trier's earliest products from this workshop. Weight 2.20g.
Adrianus
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Tripoli Pougeoise 9 viewsBOHEMUND V

(1233-1251)

AE Pougeoise

Obverse: CIVITAS, cross with central annulet and annulet at end of each arm
Reverse: pellet in each quarter TRIPOLIS, crenelated tower with arched entry
Mint: Tripoli
Minted: 1233-1251
Dia: 16 mm
Wt: 0.67 gr
Ref: Sabine 308-31, Metcalf, Crusades 555-9
jimbomar
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Umayyad Caliphate: Anonymous (698-705 AD) AE Fals, NM, ND (Album-153; Walker-633)36 viewsThis Kalima-type Fals is assumed to be minted in Syria around 698-705 AD (78-85 AH). Cross-referencing Walker, it is similar to Walker-631, but with a set of 3 annulets on the obverse and reverse.

Obv: Arabic legend in three lines within circle, لا إله إلا الله وحده (There is no god but Allah); three annulets in second outer circle with interval between
Rev: Arabic legend in three lines within circle, محمد رسول الله (Muhammad is the messenger of God); three annulets in second outer circle with interval between
SpongeBob
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Umayyad Caliphate: Anonymous (738 AD) AE Fals, Wasit Mint (Walker-941; Lavoix-1522; Nützel 2049-2050; Album-205)36 viewsObv: Within a double circle, لا اله الا الله وحده لا شرك له (There is no God but Allah alone. There are no others with him); five annulets enclosed in outer margin.
Rev: At center, محمد رسول الله (Muhammad is the apostle of Allah); in margin, بسم الله ضرب هذا الفلس بواسط سنة عشرين ومائة (In the name of Allah this fals was struck at Wasit in the year 20 and 100); double outer margin enclosing five annulets.
SpongeBob
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Unger Sz. 2, Rengjeo 69, Mimica 1280 viewsHungarian Slavonia. Béla IV (1235-1270), Duke Coloman (Kálmán, in Hun.) (1235-1241) and Ban Dionysius (1242-1249). AR denar, .16 mm.

Obv. + MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONI.A, Marten running left, star above and below.

Rev. Patriarchal cross, facing crowned heads below, star and crescent above, annulets (privy mark) to sides.

Struck with an average fineness of approximately .900 silver and an average weight of .972 g.

Mimica rarity rating R2
Stkp
HSL_Rengjeo_248_Karoly_Robert.JPG
Unger Sz. 27, Rengjeo 248 [?], Mimica 191 [?] 145 viewsHungarian Slavonia. Charles Robert (Károly Róbert in Hun.) of Anjou (1307-1342) and Ban Nikola Omodejev (1322-1325). AR denar, 82 g.

Obv. + MONETA REGIS P SCLAVONIA (irregular lettering), Marten running left, rosette of annulets above and below.

Rev. Patriarchal cross, facing crowned heads below, star and crescent above, annulets (privy mark) to sides.

Struck in Zagreb. The emissions from the reign of Charles Robert were debased and of variable weights, and were referred to by contemporaries as "banales novi." This coin does not appear to match that description. While Rengjeo and Mimica attribute this emission to Charles Robert and Ban Nikola, Unger indicates that it is of unknown attribution but from the 14th century. Metcalf, however, states that emissions with the NE ligate, such as this coin, are found only within Nuber Type AI, varieties 1 and 2, which were only issued during the reign of Bela IV (ending 1270), in which this privy mark was used.

Mimica rarity rating R2

Stkp
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Urbs Roma Arles (Constantiniana)175 viewsRIC VII Arles 373

Arles mint, first officina, struck under Constantine I, 333 A.D.

AE3, 19 mm.

Obv: VRBS ROMA, helmeted (plumed) bust or Roma left, wearing imperial cloak

Rev: She-wolf standing left (annulet on shoulder), suckling the twins (Romulus and Remus), two stars above, wreath at center between them, PCONST in exergue.

RIC rarity r4
Stkp
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Vespasian RIC II 146450 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. Ephesus Mint. 74 .D. (3.41g, 0 h). Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR PPP, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA AVG, Ceres std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and coruncopiae; below throne, annulet; in exergue star. RIC II 1464 (R2).

This is a rare issue from Ephesus with both an annulet and star. The meaning of the marks used in Ephesus remain a mystery. This reverse was contemporaneously used in Rome, but the Ephesus examples used an ornate, high-backed, chair, and Ceres is holding corn ears and poppy compared with a patera in the Rome example on a plain chair.
4 commentsLucas H
Vespasian_RIC_II_1465.jpg
Vespasian RIC II 146530 viewsVespasian. 69-79 A.D. AR Denarius. . Ephesus Mint. 74 A.D. (3.19g, 17.7mm, 0h). Obv: [IMP CAE]SAR VESPAS AVG COS V [TR P P P], laureate head right. Rev: [P]ACI AVGVSTAE (from high right); Victory advancing right; with wreath and palm; at lower l, annulet, at lower r., star. RIC II 1465 (R2).

Due to the death, disruption, and devastation of the Civil War, each of emperors, after Nero, during the Year of Four Emperors used Peace as a theme on their coinage as a theme to try and assure the Romans the carnage was over. The coins from Ephesus with the star and annulet marks are all scarce. While off center on the obverse, this specimen has a well centered reverse. This example also has an interesting 0h die axis.
2 commentsLucas H
V1464.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1463A160 viewsAR Denarius, 3.16g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres, std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; below throne, annulet; in l. field, star
RIC 1463A (R3). BMC -. RSC -. RPC -. BNC -.
Ex Roma E6, 22 February 2014, lot 329.

An unlisted variant of an already rare type from Group 9. RIC 1464 has the obverse legend ending with an annulet and on the reverse a star in the exergue, annulet below throne. My coin has no annulet on the obverse and the star is in left field on the reverse. However, the annulet below the throne firmly places the coin in this group. RIC notes other coins with variant placings of mint marks in the series but has not assigned them unique RIC numbers.

UPDATE: Ian Carradice has assigned this variant its own RIC number 1463A in the upcoming addenda.

The coin needs a bit more cleaning but I shall leave it as is. The major devices and mint marks are quite visible and the dirt is not too distracting, IMHO.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
V1464~0.jpg
Vespasian-RIC-1464102 viewsAR Denarius, 3.49g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., annulet at tip of bust
Rev: CONCORDIA AVG; Ceres, std. l., on ornate high-backed chair, with corn ears and poppy and cornucopiae; below throne, annulet; in exergue, star
RIC 1464 (R2). BMC p. 99, †. RSC 68 corr. RPC 852 (5 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Savoca, eBay, 2 March 2018.

A rare COS V Ephesian denarius notable for three control marks (one on the obverse, two on the reverse). Certain variants may have all three marks present but with different placements, lack one or two marks, or be any combination of the former and latter possibilities. I would assume the marks had something to do with the internal organisation of the mint's workshops. Also of note, this is the last denarius issue which can inarguably be attributed to Ephesus.

A bit off-centre, but in fine style.

8 commentsDavid Atherton
V1465a.jpeg
Vespasian-RIC-1465109 viewsAR Denarius, 3.02g
Ephesus mint, 74 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r.
Rev: PACI AVGVSTAE; Victory adv. r., with wreath and palm; at lower l., annulet, at lower r., star
RIC 1465 (R2). BMC -. RSC -. RPC -. BNC -.
Ex Ancient Treasures, eBay, 26 July 2015.

The various mint marks found on the denarii struck for the Flavians at Ephesus are somewhat mysterious in purpose and meaning. There is no blatant reason why they are present in the issue. This denarius struck for Vespasian in 74 towards the end of the series has not one, but two mint marks on the reverse, an annulet and star. Perhaps they were internal mint control marks?

A victorious peace bestowed by the emperor is advertised on the reverse, while a severe looking Vespasian on the obverse demands you love and accept that peace, or else.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
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Vespasian-RIC-1477162 viewsAR Denarius, 2.58g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD
Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r., a small 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS VII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1477 (R). BMC 483. RSC 375a. RPC 1453 (7 spec.). BNC 371.
Acquired from Incitatus Coins, October 2014.

These 'o' mint denarii (the 'o' is often not visible) struck for Vespasian, Titus Caesar, and Domitian Caesar are thought to have been minted at Ephesus due to a similar 'o' mint mark previously used at that mint. The types are the same as those struck somewhat contemporaneously at Rome. Mules are a hallmark of the series, perhaps indicating a lack of care in their production. The cadeceus type here is not a mule and copies a Rome reverse of Vespasian from 74.

Curtis Clay wrote these insightful comments concerning the series - "You write, 'thought to have been minted at Ephesus due to a similar 'o' mint mark previously used at that mint'. I regard that as a clear mistake by Buttrey and Carradice. Yes, annulets appear on some late Ephesus denarii too, but everything else is against attributing this later annulet series to Ephesus. Ephesus had its own reverse types, faithfully repeated from issue to issue. But the new series copies its rev. types from Rome, as you note. Ephesus had its own obv. legends too, usually dated with consulships. Quite different in the new series, again copied from Rome. The style is totally different. Errors, such as calling Titus PON MAX and many mules mixing obverses of one emperor with reverses of another, occur only in the later series, never at Ephesus. Against these blatant differences, the shared annulets are I think a mere trifle. A clear case of different mints in my eyes! So 'Ephesus (?)' should be dropped, and we should return to 'uncertain Asia Minor mint'."

Porous and fairly worn, however the major devices are intact and the portrait is quite fine.



6 commentsDavid Atherton
   
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