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Search results - "achaean"
Thelpusa.jpg
Achaea. Arcadia, Thelpusa. Septimius Severus AE17. Unpublished106 viewsPeloponnesus. Thelpusa, Arcadia. Septimius Severus bust rt., Θ Ε Λ in wreath. Obverse die and reverse type not listed in BCD. BCD Pelop. I -; BCD Pelop II -; SNG Cop -; BMC -.

Thelpusa or Thelpousa (Greek: Θέλπουσα, also known as Telphusa/Τέλφουσα or Thelphusa/Θέλφουσα) was an ancient city-state in Azania in Arcadia.

The city was built on the left bank of the Ladon and bounded with Kleitor and Psophis. The name comes from the nymph Thelpousa or Thelpusa, daughter of Ladon. The city contained the temple of Eleusinian Demeter, and nearby, a stone statue of the goddess of the daughter and Dionysus and Ongius, chief of Thelpousa and the son of Apollo, Asclepius' children with the memory of Trygon and the temple of the twelve gods. When Pausanias] visited the city, Thelpousa was abandoned and ruined for many years. In 352 BC, its city residents took part with the Lacedaemonians. It was a member of the Achaean League and was cut off from the rights of law. Thelpusa was the patriot of Asclepius and Artion.
ancientone
Antigoneia_Mantinea.jpg
Achaean league - AR hemidrachm7 viewsAntigoneia (Mantinea)
c. 188-180 BC
head of laureate Zeus right
(AX) monogram all within wreath
A_N

Benner 5; BCD Peloponnesos 1492.2; HGC 5, 926
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
Megalopolis.jpg
Achaean league - AR hemidrachm15 viewsMegalopolis
160-146 BC
laureate head of Zeus right
monogram, thunderbolt below, all within wreath
ΞB
K (AX) A
M
Benner 17; BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1; HGC 5, 953
ex Roma numismatics
Johny SYSEL
Dyme~0.jpg
Achaean league - AR hemidrachm7 viewsDyme
c. 86 BC
head of laureate Zeus right
fish under (AX) monogram all within wreath
(APT) left / ΔY up
Clerk 55; BCD Peloponnesos 482
2,20g

ex Forum Ancient Coins
ex Jiří Militký
Johny SYSEL
Megara.jpg
Achaean league - AR hemidrachm8 viewsMegara
c. 175-168 BC
laureate head of Zeus Amarios right
lyre above (AX) monogram, all within wreath
ΔΩ_PO
BCD Peloponessos 27.1; McClean 6431-2, Benner S. 78, 4; HGC 4, 1805
ex Lanz
Johny SYSEL
1322_Pallantion.jpg
Achaean league - AR hemidrachm8 viewsPallantion
100-80 BC
Peloponnesos
laureate head of Zeus right
(AX) monogram, trident below, all within wreath
A
Π_Λ
(YE)
BCD Peloponnesos 1593.2; Benner 4; HGC 5, 969
ex Rauch
Johny SYSEL
Silver_Coin.jpg
Achaean League - Sparta (Laconia) 192/146 BC26 viewsSparta (Laconia) Hemidrachm - Achaean League 192/146 BC. Ae 14, Weight 2.48g. Obv: Head of Zeus / monograms, Dioscuri caps all within wreath. Clerk, Achaean League pl. XIII, 6 http://www.acsearch.info/record.html?id=166481
Also listed an almost identical coin by Forum Member (Lloyd T) as:
Lakonia, Lakedaimon (Sparta), ca. 85 BC, AR Hemidrachm: in the style of the Achaean League
Laureate and bearded head of Zeus right . / Central AX monogram, pilei of the Dioskouri flanking, ΛAI monogram above and ΩΠMY monogram below, all within laurel wreath.
HGC 5, 643 (S); Clerk 319; BCD Peloponnesos 865.4; SNG Copenhagen 320.
(13 mm, 2.36 g, 6h)
ex-BCD Collection; ex- Johan Chr. Holm (Denmark) 1976.
ddwau
archean3.jpg
Achaean League Hemidrachm144 viewsAchaean League Hemidrachm. Elis. Mid First Century BC.

Obv: Laureate Zeus to Right.
Rx: Achaean League Monogram with FA to left, Monogram above, Monogram to right, thunderbolt below, all within laurel wreath. Clerk 256 var. BCD 684. Weight: 2.30 gm. Diameter: 17 mm.
Adrian S
Achaean_League_Paterae_Silver_Hemidrachm~0.jpg
Achaean League Paterae Silver Hemidrachm 33 viewsAchaean League Paterae Peloponnesus after 150 BC Silver hemidrachm 2.1 gram
Obverse: Head of Zeus Right
Reverse: Ax monogram Dolphin below _10000


Antonivs Protti
AchaeanLeague_Antigoneia_Benner148-9.jpg
Achaean League, Antigoneia.19 viewsAchaean League, Antigoneia in Arkadia (fka Mantineia). 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.27 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram. A - N on l. & r., magistrate CΩ below, all in laurel wreath. gF/VF. Benner p. #47, #5; BCD Peloponessos 1492.2; SNG Cop 283-284; Clerk 197, Pl VIII, #6; HGC 5 #926; Agrinon 370-392; BMC 10.100.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Antigoneia_Benner47-5.jpg
Achaean League, Antigoneia.13 viewsAchaean League, Antigoneia in Arkadia (fka Mantineia). 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.37 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram. ΑN above, magistrate ΕΥ monogram below. VF. Benner p. 48 #9; Clerk 183 #1; SNG Cop 280; Peloponessos 1492; HGC 5 #926.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Elis_Benner11.jpg
Achaean League, Elis16 viewsAchaean League, Elis. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.41 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, with magistrate A - N on either side, FA above, nothing below. VF. Benner #11; HGC 5 #536; BCD Peloponessos 665.2; SNG Cop -.Christian T
GRK_Achaean_League_Elis_hemidrachm.JPG
Achaean League, Elis.8 viewsSear 2993 var., BMC Peloponnesus p. 4.

AR hemidrachm, 13-13.5 mm, circa 196 - 146 B.C.

Obv: laureate head of Zeus facing right.

Rev: AX monogram in laurel wreath, F - A at sides, CΩ/CIAC below.

The period of mintage begins with the Roman general, T. Quinctius Flamininus' proclamation of the "Freedom of Greece" in 196 B.C. and ends with the destruction of the League and the sack of Corinth by the Romans in 146 B.C. During this short period the league was the dominant state in Greece.
Stkp
AchaeanLeague_Megalopolis_Benner15.jpg
Achaean League, Megalopolis.14 viewsAchaean League, Megalopolis in Arkadia. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.34 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, with Ξ above, magistrate K- I t l. & r., Syrinx below. VF. Benner 15; BCD Peloponessos 1550; HGC 5 #953; Clerk pl VIII #8; SNG Cop 285.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Messene_Benner14.jpg
Achaean League, Messene.14 viewsAchaean League, Messene. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.40 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, with X above and m below. VF. Benner 14; BCD Peloponessos 722.8; HGC 5 #596; Clerk pl XII 4, #297; SNG Cop 317.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Pallantion_Benner4.jpg
Achaean League, Pallantion.14 viewsAchaean League, Pallantion in Arkadia. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.15 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram. Π-Α-Λ to l., top, & r. Below: ΕΥ monogram w/ trident. EF. Benner 4; BCD Peloponessos 1593.2; HGC 5 #969; Clerk pl IX, 3 #219; SNG Cop 290; BMC 124-6.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Patrai_Benner49.jpg
Achaean League, Patrai.14 viewsAchaean League, Patrai in Achaia . 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.32 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, ΦI above, Ξ to l., ΠA to r., and dolphin below. nEF. Benner 49; BCD Peloponessos 508.4-5; HGC 5 #55; SNG Cop 253.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Sparta_Benner6.jpg
Achaean League, Sparta.14 viewsAchaean League, Sparta in Laconia. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (1.80 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, with AI monogram above, Pilei of Dioscuri l & r., and monogram (#24) below. VF. Benner 6; BCD Peloponessos 865.4; HGC 5 #643; SNG Cop 3320; Clerk pl XIII, 6.Christian T
AchaeanLeague_Teaga_Benner5.jpg
Achaean League, Teaga.15 viewsAchaean League, Teaga in Arkadia. c. 196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.38 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / Large AX monogram, T - E to l. & r., ΘΗ monogram (#27) above. gVF. Pegasi A22 #136. Benner 5; BCD Peloponessos 17446; HGC 5 #1075; Clerk pl IX 4 #226; BMC 130-131; SNG Cop 295.Christian T
al.JPG
ACHAIA, ACHAEAN LEAGUE, a, (Anonymous) Mid III Century BC.114 views AR Hemidrachm (2.63 gm).
Obv: Head of Zeus of fine style
Rev: Monogram within wreath.
Toned aVF, some porosity.
BCD.374. ex BCD Collection.
Rare.
Dino
aegira.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Aigeira. c. 167-146 BC231 viewsAR Hemidrachm, Obv: Laureate head of Zeus r. Rx: Forepart of goat r. over monograms Achaean League AX monogram with AL to left, KI to right; all within laurel wreath, tied below. Rare. Ex John Twente Animal Collection; ex Craig Whitford NBD Bank Money Museum Collection Part II, lot 87. VF/EF, 2.49g. BCD-399 (same rev. die), Agrinion-571a, Clerk-16, Benner-Aigeira-5. HJBerk BBS 159, lot 166.2 commentsCGPCGP
aigiewn.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Aigieon. ca. 88-30 BC.139 viewsAR Hemidrachm (2.17 g.).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. AIGIEWN.
rev: Achaian League monogram;CTO to left, API above, DA right, MOC below;all within laurel-wreath, tied below.
Sear-2973;BMC 24f.; SNG Cop. 235; BCD 430; Benner-Aigion-20.
Gorny & Mosch
1 commentsCGPCGP
IMG_0003.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Aigieon. ca. 88-30 BC.84 viewsAR Hemidrachm 15mm (2.2 g.).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. AIGIEWN.
rev: Achaian League monogram;CTO to left, API above, DA right, MOC below;all within laurel-wreath, tied below.
Sear-2973;BMC 24f.; SNG Cop. 235; BCD 430; Benner-Aigion-20.
3 commentsDino
ant~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Antigoneia (Mantineia). Circa 188-180 BC217 viewsAR Hemidrachm (13mm, 2.43 g). Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; A-N across field, monogram below; all within wreath tied at the bottom. Clerk 195; BCD Peloponnesos 1491; SNG Copenhagen 281. VF, toned. ex BCD Collection (not in LHS sale); Benner-Antigoneia-2. CNG auction 179 lot 40.CGPCGP
greek6.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Antigoneia (Mantineia). Circa 188-180 BC.73 viewsAR Hemidrachm (13mm, 2.32 g). Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; A-N across field, monogram below; all within wreath tied at the bottom. Clerk 195; BCD Peloponnesos 1491; SNG Copenhagen 281; Benner-Antigoneia-2. Toned. CGPCGP
Argosal.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Argos. 175-168BC 59 viewsAR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.4g). Laureate head of Zeus left / AX Monogram: Harpa above; Monogram below; all within wreath tied above. Agrinion 307; Benner-Argos-9.
CGPCGP
argos1.jpg
Achaia, Achaean League, Argos. 195-188 BC.66 viewsAR Triobol or Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.40 g, 6h).

Obv: Laureate head of Zeus left
Rev: AX monogram; TK monogram above; below, wolf’s head right; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 3; Clerk 141/5; BCD Peloponnesos 1130; HGC 5, 714.

From the BCD Collection (not in previous sales).

CNG e-auction 288, Lot: 156.
Dino
DSC06579.JPG
Achaia, Achaean League, Argos. 196-146 BC.64 viewsAR Hemidrachm. Laureate head of Zeus left / AX monogram, AKT monogram above, wolf head right below.CGPCGP
argos221.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Argos. Circa 160-146 BC. 48 viewsAR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.33 g, 11h). Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram of the Achaian League; above, club right; to right, TK monogram; all within laurel wreath. Benner 16; BCD Peloponnesos 1137. VF, toned.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); Coin Galleries FPL (Winter 1981-1982), no. 51; CNG 221, lot 79
Dino
corinth.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Corinth. c. 167-146 BC279 viewsAR Hemidrachm, Obv: Laureate head of Zeus l. Rx: Pegasus flying r. over AX monogram with A-K-S across fields; all within laurel wreath, tied left. Ex John Twente Animal Collection; ex HJB Buy or Bid, 2/17/1981. About VF, 2.27g. BCD-73.2, Agrinion-583, Clerk-111; Benner-Korinth-11. HJBerk BBS 159, lot 167.3 commentsCGPCGP
corinth221.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Corinth. Circa 195-188 BC.62 viewsAR Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.31 g, 10h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Monogram of the Achaian League; to left, koppa; below, monogram; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 6; BCD Peloponnesos 71. VF, toned.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 82.
1 commentsDino
dyme.jpg
Achaia, Achaean League, Dyme. 88-30 BC.138 viewsAR Hemidrachm. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus r. Rx: Monograms above and to left of AX monogram F to right, fish r. below; all within laurel wreath. Ex John Twente Animal Collection; ex CNA Mail Bid Sale XXI, June 26, 1992, lot 674 (part). VF, 2.36g. BM-30, Clerk-53; Benner-Dyme-16. HJBerk BBS 159, lot 165.1 commentsCGPCGP
elisco.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. c. 188-180 B.C.70 viewsSilver hemidrachm, BMC Peloponnesus p. 4, 46; S 3003 var, VF, Elis mint, 2.312g, 12.8mm, 315o, c. 196 - 146 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse large AX monogram in laurel wreath, F - A at sides, CW/CIAC below; Agrinion 334a; BCD 665.1; Benner-Elis-5. ex Coin Galleries auction, 23 November 1963, #423; ex Forum.CGPCGP
elisa.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. 167-146 BC.135 viewsAR Hemidrachm. 2.30g. Laureate Head of Zeus right/ AX, F-A across, LY above, Sigma Omega below; all within laurel wreath. Dark toning. EFBCD-664, Agrinion-349a, Clerk-281; BCD 664; Benner-Elis-27. HJBerk BBS 160, lot 105.4 commentsCGPCGP
antel~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. 175-168 BC62 viewsAR hemidrachm. Laureate head of Zeus right/Achaian League monogram. A - FA - N monograms across fields. All within wreath tied at bottom. Clerk 290; Agrinion-337c; BCD 665.2; Benner-Elis-11.CGPCGP
elis.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. 88-30BC.78 viewsAR hemidrachm.
Zeus right KALLIPOS behind.
XA with monograms around. Thunderbolt below.
BCD 689, Benner Elis 42.
1 commentsDino
elis553.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. Circa 175-168 BC.109 viewsAR hemidrachm. 15mm, 2.3g. Laureate head of Zeus right / AX monogram, F-A across, LY above; all within wreath tied at the bottom. BCD 665.5. Clerk 280.CGPCGP
fouree~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. Circa 175-168 BC. Bronze dichalkon?134 viewsBronze Dichalkon? (16mm). Laureate head of Zeus right / AX monogram, F-A across, LY above; all within wreath tied at the bottom.

If fourree core - Imitating BCD 665.5/Clerk 280?
CGPCGP
elis221.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. Circa 191-188 BC. 86 viewsAR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.42 g, 6h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Monogram of the Achaian League; above, eagle standing right; in fields, N-I/Σ-Ω; below, FA; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 1; BCD Peloponnesos 663; Agrinion Hoard 331a (same obverse die)
VF, toned.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 89.
2 commentsDino
elis~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Elis. Circa 88-30 BC.83 viewsAR hemidrachm. Laureate head of Zeus right/Achaian League monogram. 14 mm 2.2g. FA DWE XE monograms across fields. Thunderbolt below. All within wreath tied at bottom. BCD 680-1; Clerk 259; Benner-Elis-52. Toned. ex. Christopher Morcom collection. ex CNG auction 173 lot 219.CGPCGP
sparta~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Lakedaimon, Sparta 88-30 BC.113 viewsAR hemidrachm. Laureate head Zeus right/Achaian League monogram. Caps of the dioscuri across fields. Monograms above and below All enclosed within laurel wreath tied at bottom. Clerk 318a; Benner-Sparta-6. exHCC, Inc.1 commentsCGPCGP
megalopolis.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Megalopolis. Circa 160-150 BC. Bronze dichalkon 81 viewsBronze dichalkon or fourree core. 14.2mm. 2.27 g.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right
Reverse: Large X with ΞB above, K-A across, M and thunderbolt below, all within wreath

Attribution: cf. BCD Peloponnesos 1551.1 Date: 160-150 BC

Ex BCD with tag. Note from BCD stating that this is a bronze coin struck from an identified offical die for a hemidrachm. This would make it possibly a test strike in bronze or a fouree core from a stolen die.
1 commentsDino
Picture_001.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Megara. 175-168 BC.115 views AR Hemidrachm. Laureate head of Zeus right / DW Monogram on left and PO Monogram on right side of Large AX monogram; above, lyre; all within laurel-wreath, tied below. Clerk 120; BCD 27.1; Benner-Megara-4.3 commentsCGPCGP
messene~0.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Messenia-Messena. Circa 175-168 BC.103 viewsAR Hemidrachm (18mm, 2.46 g).
Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; O-OP-N across field, M below; all within wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion 325d-e; Clerk 304; BCD 722.7, 724; Benner-Messene-23 (same obverse die).

exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
pal~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Pallantium. 88-30 BC.70 viewsAR Hemidrachm (12mm, 1.89 g). Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; P - A - L across field, Trident and AN monogram below; all within wreath tied at the bottom. Toned. Clerk 220; BCD 1593.1; Benner-Pallantion-3.CGPCGP
patras~0.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 167-146 BC. 125 views AR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.55g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. Monogram A-TEI-N across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion Hoard 553a (same rev. die); Clerk 82a; Benner-Patrai-29 (this coin).
exBeast Coins.
4 commentsCGPCGP
100_0227.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 167-146 BC. 52 viewsAR hemidrachm.
obv: Laureate head Zeus right
rev: Achaian league monogram. Monogram X-Theta E-E across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.

Agrinion 560-563; McClean 6411; SNG Cop. 249; Hunterian 14; Dewing 1845, Clerk 80/18; Benner-Patrai-32.
CGPCGP
troizen.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 175-168 BC.202 viewsAR Hemidrachm (2.31 g.).
Obv: Laureate head Zeus right
Rev: Achaian League monogram; D left, M above, I right, trident below facing right; all within laurel wreath tied below.
Clerk 186/3; McClean 6461; Benner-Patrai-22.

exGorny & Mosch

SNG Cop. 274f. ; BMC 98
3 commentsCGPCGP
DSC03059~0.JPG
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 195-188 BC.92 viewsAR Hemidrachm (15.3mm, 2.36g). Laureate head of Zeus right / AX Monogram; Monograms to left and right; Trident below; all within wreath tied at the bottom. Clerk 47(Ceryneia); Agrinion Hoard 270; Benner-Patrai-4.

exAmphora Coins.
CGPCGP
patras2.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.70 views AR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
2 commentsCGPCGP
IMG_0005~1.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.53 viewsAR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.4g
obv: Laureate head Zeus right
rev: Achaian league monogram. Monograms and letters across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.

BMC 42; McClean 6409-10; SNG Cop 252; Leake 3643-5; Clerk 77/15 & 78/16; BCD 508.6.

3 commentsDino
sikyonc221.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. Circa 160-146 BC.44 viewsAR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.34 g, 6h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Monogram of the Achaian League; above, ME monogram; in fields, N-I; below, dove flying right; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 18; BCD Peloponnesos 322.1. Near VF, toned, a little porous.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 156.
1 commentsDino
sikyona221.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. Circa 195-188 BC. 49 viewsAR Hemidrachm (14mm, 2.42 g, 10h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Monogram of the Achaian League; in fields, Σ-I; below, EY; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 3; BCD Peloponnesos 321.2. VF, toned.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 152.
Dino
teg.jpg
ACHAIA, Achaean League, Tegea. 88-30 BC. 138 viewsAR Hemidrachm (2.49 g, 8h). Laureate head of Zeus right / XA monogram; T-E across field; all within wreath. Clerk 223; BCD 1744; SNG Copenhagen 293; Benner-Tegea-4. Toned.

From Collection C.P.A. Ex Tkalec (24 October 2003), lot 94.

exCNG 78, lot 695.
4 commentsCGPCGP
Elis,_Achaean_League,_AR_Hemidrachm,_40-30_BC.jpg
Achaian League, Elis, 40-30 BC, AR Hemidrachm 7 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right, ΘPACYΛEΩN behind.
Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; FA monogram to left, ANTK monogram above and XE monogram to right, thunderbolt below.

BCD Peloponnesos 688; HGC 5, 541 (R1); Clerk 272; BMC 70; Sear GCV 2994.

(16 mm, 2.19 g, 11h).
John Jencek Ancient Coins & Antiquities; ex- Frank Kovacs Collection.
n.igma
AchaeanLeague_Dyme_Benner17.jpg
Achaian League. Dyme 15 viewsAchaian League, Dyme in Achaia. Circa 86 BC. AR Hemidrachm (2.32 gm). Laureate head of Zeus Amarios, r. / League AX monogram; ΧΔ monogram above, T to left, ΑΡ monogram to right, fish below; all within wreath. gVF. CNG EA 254 #115. Benner 17; BCD Peloponnesos 488; HGC 5 #41; SNG Cop 240; Clerk pl 111 #3. Christian T
Argolis,_Epidauros_Hemidrachm.jpg
Argolis, Epidauros ca. 250-240 BC, AR Hemidrachm22 viewsLaureate head of Asklepios left; Θ re-cut over an effaced E behind.
EΠ monogram within wreath.

HGC 5, 729; Requier Monnayage Series 4 [2], 202 (this coin) dies D2/R3, weight recorded as 2.34 g on BCD tag = Requier 2, 202); BCD Peloponnesos 1243-44 (same dies); Dewing 1931 (same dies).

(16 mm, 2.35 g, 7h).

Struck from worn dies as are all examples of this the last civic hemidrachm issue of Epidauros.

CNG Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX, 1, Spring 2014, 976803 from the BCD Collection; ex-1979/80 Epidauros Hoard (CH VII, 69).

This emission was the last civic silver issue struck by Epidauros. It was struck on a reduced weight standard that was adopted throughout most of the Peloponnesos from around 250 BC. It utilized an obverse die from the preceding emission on which the Θ mint control (D2) was re-cut over the earlier E mint control (D1). In 243 BC the last of pro-Macedonian tyrants that had ruled Epidauros for the previous fifty years was forced to step aside by Aretos of Sikyon, the strategos of the Achaean League. This event probably bought to an end the civic silver issues of Epidauros, although bronze civic coinage continued down to ca. 200 BC. After this, a few Epidauran issues in silver and bronze, conforming to Achaean League standards, were made in the period leading up to the defeat of the League by Rome in 146 BC
1 commentsn.igma
phig.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Phigaleia, 208 BC80 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon
Attribution: SNG Cop 345, BMC 169
Date: 208 BC
Obverse: Zeus standing left
Reverse: Achaia seated left
Size: 20.15 mm
Weight: 5 grams
Rarity: 8
Description: A very nice example of this rare and crude issue
CGPCGP
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Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Phlius. Circa 191-146 BC.38 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon (18mm, 4.6 g).
obv: Zeus standing left, holding Nike and scepter; monogram in left field
rev: Female figure (Achaia) seated left, holding wreath and scepter.

BMC 146. BCD 147.

Ex BCD Collection (with BCD tag, not in previous sales)
Dino
Sikyon~1.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon14 viewsBronze tetrachalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 323; BMC Peloponnesus p. 13, 147; Clerk 20; Benner 4; HGC 5 285 (S), F, dark patina, tight flan, marks, scrape on reverse, corrosion, 4.581g, 17.9mm, 45o, Sikyon mint, 191 -146 B.C.; obverse Zeus standing left, nude, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, DA monogram lower left; reverse AXAIWN SIKYWNIWN, Achaia seated left, wreath in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; ex J. Cohen Collection, ex BCD Collection (acquired from old German collection in Oct. 1993); rareDino
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Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. ca. 251 B.C.78 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon
20x17.5.
Obv. Zeus Amarios standing l. holding Nike and scepter, AT monogram before.
Rv. Demeter Panachaea seated l. holding wreath and scepter; AXAIΩN (ΣI) KYΩN(ΩN). Cf.SNG Cop 330-1. Rare. Upper margin flatly struck. Olive-brown. Very Fine.

ex Stack's St. Ludovico and Firth of Clyde Collection sale, lot 1100.
CGPCGP
sikyonb221.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. Circa 191-146 BC. 57 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon (19mm, 5.49 g, 10h).
obv: Zeus standing left, holding Nike and scepter; monogram in left field
rev: Female figure (Achaia) seated left, holding wreath and scepter.

Warren, Bronze 4a; Benner 4; BCD Peloponnesos 323. Near VF, green patina.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 154.
Dino
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Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. Circa 191-146 BC.41 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon (19mm, 5.3 g).
obv: Zeus standing left, holding Nike and scepter; monogram in left field
rev: Female figure (Achaia) seated left, holding wreath and scepter.

Warren, Bronze 4a; Benner 4; BCD Peloponnesos 323. Near VF, green patina.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales)
Dino
DSC08143.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Sikyon. Circa 191-146 BC.92 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon (19mm, 5.0 g).
obv: Zeus standing left, holding Nike and scepter; monogram in left field
rev: Female figure (Achaia) seated left, holding wreath and scepter.

Warren, Bronze 4a; Benner 4; BCD Peloponnesos 323.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales)
1 commentsDino
Tegea~0.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Tegea17 viewsBronze tetrachalkon, cf. BCD Peloponnesos 1325, BMC Peloponnesus p. 15, 171 ff., Clerk 89 ff., SNG Cop 347 ff., aF/VF, 4.511g, 18.6mm, 90o, Tegea (Alea, Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece) mint, 191 -146 B.C.; obverse Zeus Amarios standing left, nude, Nike in right hand, long vertical scepter in left hand, obscure magistrates name downward behind; reverse AXAIWN - TEGEA-TWN, Achaia seated left, wreath in her right hand, long scepter vertical in her left hand; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 23 (5 Oct 2014), lot 254Dino
2010069.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League, Tegea. Circa 191-146 BC. 116 viewsĆ Tetrachalkon
20mm (4.99 g, 3h).
obv: Zeus Homarios standing left, holding Nike and scepter
rev: Achaia seated left, holding wreath and scepter.

Warren, Bronze 836 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 70; SNG Copenhagen 348. CNG Sale 201, Lot: 69. Fine, brown patina, rough.

From the J. S. Wagner Collection.

CNG
1 commentsCGPCGP
Achaean_League.jpg
Bronze - ACHAIA, Achaean League. Anonymous. Circa 250 BC.81 viewsĆ Dichalkon (13mm, 2.54 g, 2h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: League monogram within wreath . Benner 5; BCD Peloponnesos 377; SNG Copenhagen 229.
Near VF, rough green patina, encrustation.

CNG Electronic Auction 215, Lot: 172.
CGPCGP
Kroton.jpg
Bruttium, Kroton (Circa 425-350 BC)25 viewsAR Stater

7.73 g

Obverse: Eagle standing left, head right, on stag’s head

Reverse: Tripod; ivy leaf to left, QPO to right.

HN Italy 2146; SNG ANS 351-2

Obeying a directive of the oracle of Delphi, A group of Achaean settlers founded Kroton around 710 BC. Like its neighbor to the north, Sybaris, it soon became a city of power and wealth. Kroton was especially celebrated for its successes in the Olympic Games from 588 BC onward (Milo of Kroton being the most famous of its athletes).

The philosopher Pythagoras established himself there about 530 BC and formed a society of 300 disciples who were sympathetic toward aristocratic government. In 510 BC Kroton was strong enough to defeat the Sybarites and raze their city to the ground. However, shortly after the sack of Sybaris the disciples of Pythagoras were driven out, and a democracy established.

The obverse was comparable with similar types on probably contemporary coins from Elis (which put on the Olympic games at the nearby sanctuary of Olympia) The coins of both cities were thus likely issued for athletic festivals in honor of Zeus. In Kroton’s case the coins probably commemorated its citizens’ Olympic victories with the eagle representing Zeus who presided over Olympia and the games themselves. The tripod (reverse) represented the divine sanction for the town's founding from the Oracle of Delphi (who sat on a three legged stool when producing her oracles).
2 commentsNathan P
EB0047b.JPG
EB0047 Zeus / AX Monogram9 viewsAchaean League, Aegira Peloponessos, Hemidrachm, 196-146 BC.
Obverse: Head of Zeus right.
Reverse: Large AX monogram, forepart of goat above, AΛ-KI, all in wreath.
References: Agrinion Hoard 323.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 2.347g.
EB
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EB0048 Zeus / AX monogram8 viewsAchaean League (Unidentified), Hemidrachm, 196-146 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Reverse: Large AX monogram, (various symbols), dolphin below, all in wreath.
References: -.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 2.33g.
EB
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EB0050 Zeus / AX monogram10 viewsAchaean League. Patrai. Hemidrachm (Circa 175-168).
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Reverse: AX monogram; A-P across; above, ΛY; below, dolphin; all within laurel wreath.
References: Benner 27.
Diameter: 17mm, Weight: 2.369g.
EB
aigieon.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Aigieon. ca. 88-30 BC.150 views AR Hemidrachm 15mm (2.2 g.).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right. AIGIEWN.
rev: Achaian League monogram;CTO to left, API above, DA right, MOC below;all within laurel-wreath, tied below.
Sear-2973;BMC 24f.; SNG Cop. 235; BCD 430; Benner-Aigion-20.
Dino
Achaia,_Archean_League,_Argos_AR_Hemidrachm_-_CNG_160__Lot_43.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Argos, ca. 175-168 BC, AR Hemidrachm - Agrinion 308292 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right. / Wreath surrounding AX monogram in centre; TK monogram above and Harpa right below.
BCD Peloponnesos 1136 (this coin); Clerk 147; Agrinion 308 (same dies).
(17 mm, 2.47 g, 12h)
ex- BCD Collection; LHS 96, Lot 1136 (8 May 2006); ex- Empire Coins Fixed Price List 76 (September 1995).

One of the more refined images of Zeus on this series of Achaian League emissions, complimented by the slightly oval flan.
3 commentsLloyd T
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GREEK, Achaean League, Corinth. c. 167-146 BC 160 viewsAR Hemidrachm, Obv: Laureate head of Zeus l. Rx: Pegasus flying r. over AX monogram with A-K-S across fields; all within laurel wreath, tied left. Ex John Twente Animal Collection; ex HJB Buy or Bid, 2/17/1981. About VF, 2.27g. BCD-73.2, Agrinion-583, Clerk-111; Benner-Korinth-11.
HJBerk BBS 159, lot 167.
2 commentsDino
elis221~0.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Elis. Circa 191-188 BC. 142 viewsAR Hemidrachm (16mm, 2.42 g, 6h).
obv: Laureate head of Zeus right
rev: Monogram of the Achaian League; above, eagle standing right; in fields, N-I/Σ-Ω; below, FA; all within laurel wreath.

Benner 1; BCD Peloponnesos 663. VF, toned.

Ex BCD Collection (not in previous sales); CNG 221, lot 89.
1 commentsDino
Messene__-_BCD_723_this_coin~0.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Messene, 175-168 BC, AR Hemidrachm 167 viewsLaureate head of Zeus Hamarios left.
Large AX monogram; N - Φ across fields, M below; all within wreath.
HGC 5, 597 (this coin); Benner 23 (this coin); BCD Peloponnesos 723 (this coin); Agrinon 323g (same dies); Clerk 216 (Megalopolis); SNG Copenhagen 315.
(15 mm, 2.44 g, 5h)
ex- BCD Collection: LHS 96 (8-9 May 2006) Lot 723
3 commentsLloyd T
messene.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Messenia-Messena. Circa 175-168 BC. 152 viewsAR Hemidrachm (18mm, 2.46 g).
Laureate head of Zeus right / Monogram; O-OP-N across field, M below; all within wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion 325d-e; Clerk 304; BCD 722.7, 724; Benner-Messene-23 (same obverse die).

exBeast Coins.
1 commentsDino
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GREEK, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 167-146 BC. 315 viewsAR hemidrachm. 16mm 2.55g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. Monogram A-TEI-N across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
Agrinion Hoard 553a (same rev. die); Clerk 82a; Benner-Patrai-29 (this coin).
exBeast Coins.
1 commentsDino
troizen~0.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 175-168 BC.285 viewsAR Hemidrachm (2.31 g.).
Obv: Laureate head Zeus right
Rev: Achaian League monogram; D left, M above, I right, trident below facing right; all within laurel wreath tied below.
Clerk 186/3; McClean 6461; Benner-Patrai-22.

exGorny & Mosch

SNG Cop. 274f. ; BMC 98
5 commentsDino
teg~0.jpg
GREEK, Achaean League, Tegea. 88-30 BC. 110 viewsAR Hemidrachm (2.49 g, 8h). Laureate head of Zeus right / XA monogram; T-E across field; all within wreath. Clerk 223; BCD 1744; SNG Copenhagen 293; Benner-Tegea-4.

From Collection C.P.A. Ex Tkalec (24 October 2003), lot 94.

exCNG 78, lot 695.

1 commentsDino
patras2_(1).jpg
Greek, ACHAIA, Achaean League, Patrai-Patras. 88-30 BC.143 viewsAR hemidrachm. 15mm 2.16g.
Laureate head Zeus right/ Achaian league monogram. XE SW PA across fields. dolphin below. All within laurel wreath tied at bottom.
VF. Toned. BCD 508.7 (this coin); Clerk 81; Benner-Patrai-51 (this coin). exBeast Coins.
Dino
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GREEK, Italy, Sybaris Nomos 540-520 BC Gillette Collection488 viewsNomos circa 540-520, AR 7.82 g. 31mm Bull standing l. on dotted bar, head reverted; in exergue, VM. The whole within dotted border. Rev. Same type incuse on broken bar, without legend. The whole within radiate border. Historia Numorum Italy 1729. Cf. SNG Copenhagen 1388.

Gorini 1 and enlarged p. 107 (this coin).

An extremely rare variety. Nicely toned and good very fine
Ex Triton sale 1, 1998, 121. Barry Fierstein Collection. From the Gillette collection 1924

NAC 39 Lot 5 May 17th, 2007


Sybaris (Greek: Σύβαρις; Italian: Sibari) was a celebrated city of Magna Graecia on the western shore Gulf of Taranto, a short distance from the sea, between the rivers Crathis (Crati) and Sybaris (Coscile). The last of these, from which it derived its name, at the present day falls into the Crati about 5 km from its mouth, but in ancient times undoubtedly pursued an independent course to the sea. Sybaris was apparently the earliest of all the Greek colonies in this part of Italy, being founded, according to the statement of Scymnus Chius, as early as 720 BCE. The site is located within the limits of the present-day comune of Cassano allo Ionio, in the province of Cosenza (Calabria), Italy.

Sybaris was Italy’s most prosperous Achaean colony. Sybaris was destroyed in 510 BC by Croton which exiled the colonists. The Athenians and Sybarite descendants established themselves in a joint colony, New Sybaris, in 443. Eventually, making themselves unpopular, the Sybarites were expelled and the remaining colonists refounded their city near the spring of Thuria.

The word Sybaritic has become a byword meaning extreme luxury and a seeking for pleasure and comfort
4 comments4to2CentBCphilia
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GREEK, Metapontum, Lucania171 viewsAR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum was located at the north of the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
1 commentsEnodia
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Italy, Herculaneum, House of the Relief of Telephus19 viewsOn the south wall of the atrium is a copy of a neo-Attic relief depicting an episode from the myth of Telephus. The relief, which was found in in the house, depicts Achilles in the presence of his mother Thetis, treating the wound of the Mysian king, Telephus in return for the king showing the Achaeans the way to Troy.

From my visit to Herculaneum in August 2015
maridvnvm
Thurium_AR_Stater.jpg
Italy, Lucania, Thurium56 viewsAR Stater, 7.79g. 22mm. c.410-400 B.C.

Engraver, Phrygillos (?). Head of Athena to right wearing crested helmet decorated with Skylla; "phi" in field to right. Rv. Bull pawing ground with head down to right; fish in exergue. SNG Oxford 871. HN 1782; a few small marks and some small metal breaks in front of face. Toned and of fine style

Ex: Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich, Auction O, 2004, lot 1157.

Located on a fertile plain on the Gulf of Taranto near the site of Sybaris, Thurium was founded by Achaeans late in the 8th Century B.C. At the peak of its success, Sybaris had amassed a population nearly equal to that of Athens, had a six-mile defensive wall, and according to Strabo had as many as 25 cities and four native peoples under its authority. However, the thriving settlement was destroyed by Croton in 510 B.C. After two attempts to establish a new foundation on the ruined site that had been thwarted by Croton, a fresh attempt was made in the period 446 to 444/3 B.C. This remarkable undertaking was originally conceived by descendants of the Sybarites, but when the Crotonites opposed that enterprise as well, help was sought from Athens. Pericles came to their aid by sending colonists whom he had gathered from throughout Greece to participate in what he envisioned as a Panhellenic experiment in colonization. With financial and military support from Athens, the colonists set up their city, drawing on the talents of Protagoras of Abdera for its civil laws, Lampon of Athens for its sacred laws and Hippodamus of Miletus for its city-plan. Even the historian Herodotus is counted among the talented participants. As Thurium began to flourish its colonists from Greece soon ejected their co-founding Sybarites (who established another city on the river Traeis) and eventually distanced themselves even from their benefactor Athens. The city continued to prosper even after it came under Roman control following the defeat of Tarentum in 272. During the Second Punic War, Thurium was still a regional power and it held out as a Roman ally until the spring of 212, when resisting the Carthaginians became impossible. It was the last Greek city to fall to Hannibal, yet it also was the last city outside of Bruttium to remain in his camp. This was not appreciated by the Romans who consequently added its land to their ager publicus and, in 194 or 193, by which time the site was largely abandoned, founded in its place the Latin colony of Copia. Thurian coinage is substantial, and is renowned for the fine artistry of its dies. The head of Athena as an obverse type clearly is inspired by the coinage of Athens. The standing bull on the city’s early coins likely was derived from the old badge of Sybaris, yet the charging version of that animal may refer to the local spring Thuria, from which the new foundation took its name. On this example the bowl of Athena’s helmet is vividly decorated with Scylla, whose ribbed serpent-tail and dog foreparts are particularly well-engraved. Athena’s face retains the severe dignity of even the earliest issues of Thurium, making it a fine example of Attic-inspired art. The bull, as on all Thurian issues of this era, is fully animated with its tail lashing as it charges forth to engage some unseen foe.
Ex: A.D.M. Collection
2 commentsLeo
Corinth,_Price_703_.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Philip V, 221-179 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Corinth 220-217 BC28 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on a throne with a backrest topped by two Nikai, in left field Athena advancing left, shield over shoulder, holding spear on which is perched an owl, ΘE beneath throne.

Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XVII, 3 (same obverse die); Price 703 (same obverse die); Noe ANSNS 6, 60.

(27 mm, 16.83 g, 1h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise.

Struck ca. 220-217 BC in Corinth, part of the Achaean League contribution to the maintenance of the army of Philip V of Macedon during the Social War. Obverse struck from a worn die.
n.igma
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Lakonia (Sparta)10 viewsLakonia (Sparta).  196-146 BC. AR Hemidrachm. Laureate head of Zeus Hamarios / AX monogram.
Not found in inventory 2017-12
Christian T
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Lucania, Metapontion (400-340 BC)24 viewsAR Nomos

19mm, 7.48g

Obverse: Head of Leucippus with Corinthian helmet, behind grape

Reverse: Barley ear with side leaf and META to right.

Johnston A4.3 (av., Stgl.), HN Italy 1553.

Metapontion traced its founding to the 7th century BC, when an Achaean adventurer named Leucippus and his followers put down roots on a fertile plain on the instep of the Italian boot. The city so flourished that its people were said to have dedicated a "golden harvest," probably a golden sheaf of barley, at the great temple of Delphi.

Metapontion was among the first cities of Magna Graecia to issue coinage, and indeed long preceded its later rival Tarentum in this respect. The choice of the barley ear as the civic emblem is unusual in that the other cities of Magna Graecia all struck coinage displaying types relating to their foundation myths or principal cults. Metapontion's choice may well reflect a significant economic reliance on its major export.
Nathan P
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Lucania, Metapontom stater86 viewsRaised barley corn

Incuse barley corn

Metapontom, 440-510 BC

7.72g

Tight flan series NOE 243-256; HN Italy 1485

Ex-DM collection, Ex-HJB, Ex-Calgary coin

An Achaean colony of great antiquity, Metapontion was destroyed and refounded early in the 6th century by colonists from Sybaris under the leadership of Leukippos. The city occupied an exceptionally fertile plain on the Gulf of Tarentum, which explains the use of the barley ear as its civic badge. Metapontion, along with Sybaris and Kroton produced the earliest coinage in Magna Graecia. The coins of these cities share three features: weight standard, broad and thin flans, and incuse reverses. These features were then adopted by neighboring mints at Kaulonia and elsewhere in southern Italy. While the reasoning behind the choice of these shared features is not clear, the common weight and style facilitated circulation between the cities of south Italy. The mixed contents of the earliest hoards from the region support this idea of free circulation of currency. It is interesting that these common features, indigenous to south Italy, also tended to keep the coins in south Italy. They are rarely found elsewhere in Italy, not even in Sicily. After approximately 510 B.C., the date of the destruction of Sybaris by Kroton, the fabric of the coins throughout south Italy became smaller and thicker, though still with incuse reverses. In the years between 480 and 430 B.C., sooner in Tarentum and later in Metapontion, the incuse issues were replaced by a two sided coinage.
6 commentsJay GT4
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Lucania, Sybaris (Circa 550-510 BC)36 viewsAR Stater

29 mm, 8.14 g

Obverse: VM in exergue; bull standing left, head reverted.

Reverse : Incuse bull standing right, head reverted.

HN Italy 1729; SNG ANS 828-844

An Achaean colony dating from about 720 BC, Sybaris rapidly grew to be the wealthiest city in the area. The luxury enjoyed by its population was proverbial, hence the modern words sybarite and sybaritic. The bull may symbolize the local river god Krathis. The archaic coinage of Sybaris was brought to an abrupt end in 510 BC when the city was destroyed by the rival state of Kroton. The waters of the Krathis were diverted to flow over the site of the sacked city, thus obliterating all trace of its former splendor.
2 commentsNathan P
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Lucania, Velia AR Nomos69 viewsCirca 280 BC. AR Nomos (22mm, 7.47 g, 10h). Williams 572 (O284/R399); HN Italy 1318; SNG ANS 1403 (same rev. die). Obverse Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with gryphon; A above, [Φ before], IE on outlined tablet behind neck guard. Reverse Lion attacking stag left; [ΥΕΛΗΤΩΝ] above. VF, toned, minor scratches under tone. Well struck.

Ex Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX No. 2 Summer 2014, lot 980957.

Velia, situated on the Tyrrhenian coast of southern Italy south of Poseidonia, was founded circa 540 BC by Ionian Greek colonists from Phokaia in western Asia Minor who had fled their homeland following the Persian conquest in 545 B.C. Its coinage commenced soon after the city’s foundation and its types (forepart of lion devouring prey / incuse square) and denomination (Phokaian silver drachm) reflect the Asian origin of the early citizenry of Velia. Later, in the 5th century, the weight standard of the Velian coinage was assimilated to that of the Achaean cities of Magna Graecia producing a nomos of about 8 grams. The type of a lion, or a lion attacking or feeding on its prey, remained popular at Velia throughout the two and a half centuries of its silver coinage, which ceased just prior to the city’s alliance with Rome, negotiated circa 275 BC.
3 commentsJason T
Messene.jpg
Messenia, Messene - Achaean League c. 280 - 146 B.C.9 viewsMessenia, Messene - hemidrachm of Achaean League (Silver, 2.42g. 15.4~16mm.), c. 280 - 146 B.C. Obv: Laureate head of Zeus to right. Rev: AX monogram, M below, XP above, all within laurel wreath.ddwau
Metapontum.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania122 views330-300 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.76g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
Johnston C-1; SNG ANS 470; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Sear 416
ex Windsor Antiquities

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum strived to remain neutral through the many wars common in Magna Graecia. They took no active role in the struggle between fellow Achaean colonies of Kroton and Sybaris, although they did give sanctuary to Pythagoras and his followers after they were banished from Kroton. Here he taught until his retirement, and here he died (c. 500 BC).
Metapontum joined Taras in an alliance with Alexander of Epirus during his wars against the Lucanians and Bruttians (332 BC). However when Metapontum declined a similar offer to ally with Kleonymus of Sparta in 303 BC, Taras became hostile and attacked, eventually extorting a large sum of gold from the Metapontines. The animosity between them subsided by 281 BC, when Metapontum once again sided with the Tarentines in an alliance with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, in the war against Rome.
By this time their influence in the region had waned, and we hear less and less of the city until the Second Punic War (216 BC), at which time Metapontum declared in favor of Hannibal. By 212 BC Hannibal occupied the city, and it seems to have been a major base for his forces. However, after his military reversal Hannibal was forced to give up possession of the region, departing Italy from Metapontum in 207 BC and evacuating the population at the same time. Metapontum would never again play a major role in Magna Graecia, and although Cicero mentions visiting the city, Pausanias tells us that the site was a complete ruin by his time.
3 commentsEnodia
IMG_9265.JPG
Sparta11 viewsACHAIA, Achaian League. Lakedaimon (Sparta). Circa 85 BC. AR Hemidrachm (15mm, 2.32 g, 8h). Laureate head of Zeus right / Achaian League monogram; monogram above, piloi of the Dioskouroi flanking, ΠY below; all within laurel wreath. Benner 15; BCD Peloponnesos 865.1; HGC 5, 643. Good VF, tone, slightly off center. Good metal.

From the J. Cohen Collection.

A note from the previous collector:

This collection of Peloponnesian coins was born from my personal interest in ancient Greek history and inspired primarily by the BCD sales. The collection was formed as a study of the varying coinage types produced through the ruling cycles of the Peloponnese. Initial focus of the collection was on Sparta, the coinage produced under Roman rule and issues produced bearing the iconography of the Achaean League. Given the less than amicable relationship between the League and Sparta, this area proved highly interesting to collect. The initial phase of collecting Sparta/Lacedaemon pieces set the groundwork for the evolution of the collection.

The collection was then expanded to Sparta's immediate neighbor in Messene and then to the entire Peloponnese. As I moved through the wider Peloponnesian regions I aimed, where possible, to collect an example of Achaean League coinage of the respective City States, examples of the Greek Imperial coinage and finally, Roman Provincial coinage. The goal being to develop a snapshot of the evolution of coins issued within the Peloponnese. Collecting in this way allowed for a timeline of both political and artistic change throughout the Peloponnese to be mapped out. The uniform coinage, both in silver and bronze of the Achaean league can be compared against the unique iconography of the corresponding Imperial issues and the later, highly stylized Roman issues. From a historical perspective, the evolution and membership of the League as well as the wars within the region can also be viewed through the issuing of coinage.

Numismatically, the primary goals of this collection have been broadly achieved by focusing on the smaller issues of the City States within the Peloponnese, no large silver issues beyond the enigmatic Tetradrachms have representation within the collection. The product of my labors is what I believe to be a highly diverse, interesting and accessible group of coins which provides an insight into one of the most interesting periods and regions of the Ancient world.
ecoli
peuma_Rogers442.jpg
Thessaly, Peuma, Rogers 442 var.16 viewsThessaly, Peuma, c.302-286 BC
AE - Chalkis, 1.93g, 13.39mm, 0°
obv. laureate head of Achilles r.
rev. PEY - MA - TIWN
monogram AX, at his r. side Phrygian helmet
ref. Rogers 442 var. (position of the rev. legend); BCD Thessaly 565; RBN 1967, pp. 1-9, 1-4;
Moustaka 154
very rare, about VF, black-brown patina

Peuma (Rogers always writes Peumata!) has issued a great number of these small bronzes, where the legend starts at different places. The obv. dies too are numerous. The rarer variant shows no Phrygian helmet.

Heyman has done a remarkable amount of work on the identification of the head on the obverse. Sometimes the head is termed as Nymph (so Head), some thinking it could be Thetis, but the hairstyle seems definitely masculine. Since Achilles was venerated in this area, he is the likely candidate. This opinion was adopted by BCD too. Thus AX here could be the monogram for Achilles, not for the Achaean League (so Head). This monogram bears e.g. a rare coin of Achilleion/Troas, which was not member of the Achaean League.
Jochen
thess_shield_lyre_2.jpg
THESSALY, THESSALIAN LEAGUE, SHIELD/LYRE39 viewsAE 14 mm 3.24 g
302 - 294 BCE
OBV: MACEDONIAN SHIELD WITH CENTRAL STAR
REV: QESSA (r. down) )/LWN (l. down) AT SIDES OF LYRE
ROGERS 4 var.; alternative reverse description is Dart sling (κεστροσφενδόνη) with dart inside (see note below)
POSSIBLY UNPUBLISHED VARIETY (IN ROGERS 4, ARRANGEMENT OF ETHNIC IS DOWN WITH OPEN END OF LYRE FACING DOWN)

Note: according to description by CNG of similar coin, While Rogers thought that the object on the reverse of this coin was a lyre, Jennifer Warren has argued that it represents a powerful new weapon - the dart sling, or κεστροσφενδόνη - first introduced during the Third Macedonian War between Rome and Perseus of Macedon. The weapon is described by the Achaean Polybius (xxvii, 9), who was taken to Rome as a prisoner following the war: “The form of the dart was as follows. It was two palms long, the tube being of the same length as the point. Into the former was fitted a wooden shaft a span in length a finger’s breadth in thickness. Into the middle of this were wedged three quite short wooden wings. The two thongs of the sling were unequal in length, and the missile was so fitted into the center of the sling that it was easily freed. While the thongs were whirled round and taut, it remained fixed there, but when at the moment of the discharge one of the thongs was released, it left the loop and was shot like a leaden bullet from the sling.” Livy (xlii, 65, 9-10) adds that: “They (the Roman army) suffered particularly from the dart-slings.”
laney
00030v00.jpg
Thurium, Lucania (Circa 400-350 BC)46 viewsAR Nomos

20 mm, 7.45g

Obverse: Head of Athena with Attic helmet, on the helmet boiler Scylla

Reverse: Bull, in section fish.

SNG ANS 1034 (av., Stgl.), HN Italy 1787.

Located on a fertile plain on the Gulf of Taranto near the site of Sybaris, Thurium was founded by Achaeans late in the 8th Century B.C. At its peak, Sybaris had amassed a population nearly equal to that of Athens, had a six-mile defensive wall, and according to Strabo had as many as 25 cities and four native peoples under its authority. However, the thriving settlement was destroyed by Croton in 510 B.C.

After two attempts to establish a new foundation on the ruined site that had been thwarted by Croton, a fresh attempt was made in the period 446 to 444/3 B.C. This remarkable undertaking was originally conceived by descendants of the Sybarites, but when the Crotonites opposed that enterprise as well, help was sought from Athens. Pericles came to their aid by sending colonists whom he had gathered from throughout Greece to participate in what he envisioned as a Panhellenic experiment in colonization. With financial and military support from Athens, the colonists set up their city, drawing on the talents of Protagoras of Abdera for its civil laws, Lampon of Athens for its sacred laws and Hippodamus of Miletus for its city-plan. Even the historian Herodotus is counted among the talented participants.

As Thurium began to flourish its colonists from Greece soon ejected their co-founding Sybarites (who established another city on the river Traeis) and eventually distanced themselves even from their benefactor Athens. The city continued to prosper even after it came under Roman control following the defeat of Tarentum in 272. During the Second Punic War, Thurium was still a regional power and it held out as a Roman ally until the spring of 212, when resisting the Carthaginians became impossible. It was the last Greek city to fall to Hannibal, yet it also was the last city outside of Bruttium to remain in his camp. This was not appreciated by the Romans who consequently added its land to their ager publicus and, in 194 or 193, by which time the site was largely abandoned, founded in its place the Latin colony of Copia.

Thurian coinage is substantial, and is renowned for the fine artistry of its dies. The head of Athena as an obverse type clearly is inspired by the coinage of Athens. The standing bull on the city’s early coins likely was derived from the old badge of Sybaris, yet the charging version of that animal may refer to the local spring Thuria, from which the new foundation took its name. On this example the bowl of Athena’s helmet is decorated with Scylla, whose serpent-tail is visible. The bull, as on all Thurian issues of this era, is fully animated with its tail lashing as it charges forth to engage some unseen foe.
1 commentsNathan P
     
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