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01860q00.jpg
604. Leo I388 viewsImperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus or Leo I of the Byzantine Empire (401–474), reigned from 457 to 474, also known as Leo the Thracian, was the last of a series of emperors placed on the throne by Aspar, the Alan serving as commander-in-chief of the army. His coronation as emperor on February 7, 457, was the first known to involve the Patriarch of Constantinople. Leo I made an alliance with the Isaurians and was thus able to eliminate Aspar. The price of the alliance was the marriage of Leo's daughter to Tarasicodissa, leader of the Isaurians who, as Zeno, became emperor in 474.

During Leo's reign, the Balkans were ravaged time and again by the West Goths and the Huns. However, these attackers were unable to take Constantinople thanks to the walls which had been rebuilt and reinforced in the reign of Theodosius II and against which they possessed no suitable siege engines.

Leo's reign was also noteworthy for his influence in the Western Roman Empire, marked by his appointment of Anthemius as Western Roman Emperor in 467. He attempted to build on this political achievement with an expedition against the Vandals in 468, which was defeated due to the treachery and incompetence of Leo's brother-in-law Basiliscus. This disaster drained the Empire of men and money.

Leo's greatest influence in the West was largely inadvertent and at second-hand: the great Goth king Theodoric the Great was raised at the Leo's court in Constantinople, where he was steeped in Roman government and military tactics, which served him well when he returned after Leo's death to become the Goth ruler of a mixed but largely Romanized people.

Leo also published a New Constitutions or compilation of Law Code[1], Constitution LV concerned Judaism: "JEWS SHALL LIVE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RITES OF CHRISTIANITY. Those who formerly were invested with Imperial authority promulgated various laws with reference to the Hebrew people, who, once nourished by Divine protection, became renowned, but are now remarkable for the calamities inflicted upon them because of their contumacy towards Christ and God; and these laws, while regulating their mode of life, compelled them to read the Holy Scriptures, and ordered them not to depart from the ceremonies of their worship. They also provided that their children should adhere to their religion, being obliged to do so as well by the ties of blood, as on account of the institution of circumcision. These are the laws which I have already stated were formerly enforced throughout the Empire. But the Most Holy Sovereign from whom We are descended, more concerned than his predecessors for the salvation of the Jews, instead of allowing them (as they did) to obey only their ancient laws, attempted, by the interpretation of prophesies and the conclusions which he drew from them, to convert them to the Christian religion, by means of the vivifying water of baptism. He fully succeeded in his attempts to transform them into new men, according to the doctrine of Christ, and induced them to denounce their ancient doctrines and abandon their religious ceremonies, such as circumcision, the observance of the Sabbath, and all their other rites. But although he, to a certain extent, overcame the obstinacy of the Jews, he was unable to force them to abolish the laws which permitted them to live in accordance with their ancient customs. Therefore We, desiring to accomplish what Our Father failed to effect, do hereby annul all the old laws enacted with reference to the Hebrews, and We order that they shall not dare to live in any other manner than in accordance with the rules established by the pure and salutary Christian Faith. And if anyone of them should be proved to, have neglected to observe the ceremonies of the Christian religion, and to have returned to his former practices, he shall pay the penalty prescribed by the law for apostates."

Leo died of dysentery at the age of 73 on January 18, 474.

Bronze AE4, RIC 671, S 4340 var, VG, 1.17g, 10.3mm, 180o, Alexandria mint, obverse D N LEO P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Lion standing left, head right, cross above, ALEA in ex; very rare (R3); ex Forum
ecoli73
Mega_Soter.jpg
Ancient India, Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) of various denominations52 views

Upper Left

Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) AE (AICR-1177; MACW-2918; Senior B13.1T)

Obv: King on horse to right holding axe-like weapon in raised right, three-pronged tamgha on right, Greek legend around BACIΛEY BACIΛEYWN CWTHP MEΓAC
Rev: Zeus standing to right, with his left holding long scepter and with his outstretched right making blessed gesture. Kharosthi letter vi on left and flower-pot on right. Kharosthi legend around reading Maharajaasa Rajatirajasa Mahatasa Tratarasa



Middle Left

Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) AE drachm (AICR-1178; MACW-2919; Senior B13.1D)

Obv: King on horse to right holding axe-like weapon in raised right, three-pronged tamgha on right, Greek legend around BACIΛEY BACIΛEYWN CWTHP MEΓAC
Rev: Zeus standing to right, with his left holding long scepter and with his outstretched right making blessed gesture. Kharosthi letter vi on left and flower-pot on right. Kharosthi legend around reading Maharajaasa Rajatirajasa Mahatasa Tratarasa



Lower Left

Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) AE (AICR-1179; MACW-2921; Senior B14.1)

Obv: Hybrid Herakles-Siva deity standing facing holding long trident in right and lion-skin in left, three-pronged tamgha on left and Kharosthi letter vi on right.
Rev: Tyche standing to right holding cornucopia, nandipada on left, flower-pot on right



Upper Right

Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) AE (MACW-2937; Senior B17.1vT)

Obv: Radiate (9 rays) diademed bust of king to right holding arrow decorated with ribbons in raised right hand, three-pronged tamgha on left, dotted border around.
Rev: King in Iranian cap with long diadem-ties riding on horse to right holding axe-like weapon in raised right hand, three-pronged tamgha on right, Greek legend around reading BACIΛEYC BACIΛEYWN CWTHP M.



Middle Right

Kushans: Vima Takto (ca. 80-100 AD) AE drachm (Senior B17.1D)

Obv: Radiate diademed bust of king to right holding arrow decorated with ribbons in raised right hand, three-pronged tamgha on left, dotted border around.
Rev: King in Iranian cap with long diadem-ties riding on horse to right holding axe-like weapon in raised right hand, three-pronged tamgha on right, Greek legend around reading BACIΛEYC BACIΛEYWN CWTHP M.



Lower Right

This one is unknown to me, but dealer indicated it might be central asian. Rider on horseback facing left / tamghra. Any help in identification is much appreciated...
SpongeBob
Apollodotos_I_(180-160_BCE)_hemiobol_(AE).jpg
Apollodotos I (180-160 BCE) hemiobol (AE)13 viewsObv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ (Apollo standing facing, holding arrow and resting bow on ground) Rev.: Maharajasa Apaladatasa tratarasa (Tripod) Field: Monogram(s) Weight: 8.4 g. Diameter: 22.3 mm. Reference: Mitchiner 209, HGCS 12/120Nick.vdw
apollodotus_k.jpg
Apollodotos II, c. 80 - 65 BC26 viewsAR drachm, 17mm, 2.4g, 12h; Western Punjab mint.
Obv.: BAΣIΛIΩΣΣ MEΓO ΣPO AI ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY, diademed, draped bust right.
Rev.: Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa in Karosthi; Athena Alkidemos advancing left, thunderbolt in right hand, aegis draped over extended left arm; monograms to lower left and right.
Reference: cf. SNG ANS 1573.
1 commentsJohn Anthony
apollodtus_k.jpg
Apollodotos II, c. 80 - 65 BC5 viewsAR drachm, 17mm, 2.2g, 12h; Western Punjab mint.
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY (of Apollodotus King Great Saviour and Fatherloving); diademed, draped bust right.
Rev.: Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (Saviour King Appolodotus) in Karosthi; Athena Alkidemos advancing left, thunderbolt in right hand, aegis draped over extended left arm; monograms to lower left and right.
Reference: cf. SNG ANS 1573, 16-332-27
John Anthony
Baktrian_Apollodotus_I_GCV_7594.JPG
Apollodotus I Soter, 174 - 165 BC27 viewsObv: BAΣIΛEΩΣ on right, AΠOΛΛOΔOY above, ΣΩTHPOΣ on left, Apollo standing, facing, holding arrow in right hand and a bow in left.

Rev: Karosthi legend (Maharajasa Apaladatasa tratarasa) around, tripod with monogram on right, within a square dotted border.

Æ Square Hemiobol

9.26 grams, 22.6 mm, 0°

GCV 7594, SNG ANS 346 - 378
SPQR Coins
bakti.jpg
Apollodotus II (80 - 65 B.C.)27 viewsAR Drachm
Bactrian Kingdom
O: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTPOΣ KAI ΦIΛOΠATPOΣ AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY; diademed and draped bust right.
R:Rev: "Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa" in Karosthi; Athena Alkidemos advancing left, holding thunderbolt and aegis; monogram to right. 
2.21g
17mm
Bopearachchi Série 2D; SNG ANS 1544ff. 
2 commentsMat
taras.jpg
AR Nomos of Taras (Tarentum) in Calabria ca. 275-240 BC27 viewsOBVERSE: A naked youth placing wreath on horse walking right. An indeterminate symbol between the horse's front legs and the bearded head of Poseidon below. The letter A is in the field behind the rider

REVERSE: Naked Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos. "TARAS" to the right

Weight 6.1 grams; diameter ~20 mm
1 commentsdaverino
apollodotusardrach.jpg
Bactrian and Indo-Scythian Kingdoms, Apollodotos II (c.80-65 BC`13 views Obv. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ KAI ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ / AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY
Diademed, draped bust right
Rev. Kharoshthi script (Maharajasa tratarasa / Apaladatasa)
Athena Alkidemos standing left, wearing aegis, seen from behind, shield on outstretched left arm, hurling thunderbolt with right hand
Tau-rho monogram in left fieldm
Skyler
Hermaios.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Hermaios (90-70 BCE) - Posthumous AD 20-4014 viewsSize/Metal: AE25; Weight: 8.86 grams; Mint: Uncertain Mint in the Paropamisadai or Gandhara Region; Denomination: Tetradrachm; Date: 20-40 AD (Posthumous); Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ EΡMAIOΥ ΣΩTHΡOΣ (King Hermaios the Savior). Diademed draped bust right. Reverse: Zeus enthroned facing 3/4 left with right hand raised making benediction gesture and holding scepter. Monogram to left and Kharoshthi letter to right - in Kharoshthi, Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). References: Bopearachchi #20; Mitchiner #236, Hoover #308.museumguy
Hermaios~0.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Hermaios (90-70 BCE) - Posthumous AD 20-4013 viewsSize/Metal: AE23; Weight: 9.42 grams; Mint: Uncertain Mint in Eastern Gandhara; Denomination: Tetradrachm; Date: 20-40 AD (Posthumous); Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ SOTHROS/ERMAIOY (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). Diademed draped bust right. In Kharoshthi (Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa). Reverse: Zeus enthroned facing 3/4 left, making benediction gesture and holding scepter - monogram to left and Kharoshthi letter to right. References: Bopearachchi #20; Mitchiner MACW #2041, Hoover #308.museumguy
Menander.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)19 viewsSize/Metal: AR16; Weight: 2.31 grams; Mint: Unknown; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed bust of king right, Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ // MENANΔPOY Reverse: Athena Alkidemos standing left, holding shield on outstretched left arm, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, monogram at right, Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa tratarasa // menamdrasa,. References: MIG 215f; Bop 130; SNG ANS 808-820.museumguy
Menander_Soter_I.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)14 viewsSize/Metal: AR16; Weight: 2.29 grams; Mint: Unknown; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with head of wing. Legend surrounds: (Greek: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS SOTEROS MENANDROU). Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left; shield decorated with aegis over left arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJA TRATARASA MENADRASA. References: Bopearachchi 16E; HGC #12, 193; SNG ANS 868-73; Sear GC #7597 (different monogram); Mitchiner #217f.museumguy
Mendander_Soter.jpg
Bactrian/Indo Greek - Menander Soter (155-130 BCE)22 viewsSize/Metal: AR17; Weight: 2.48 grams; Mint: Taxila; Denomination: Drachm; Date: 155-130 BCE; Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet covered with pelt of scales and adorned with head of wing. Legend surrounds: (Greek: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (BASILEOS SOTEROS MENANDROU). Reverse: Athena Alkidemos advancing left; shield decorated with aegis over left arm, hurling thunderbolt; monogram to right. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJA TRATARASA MENADRASA. References: Bopearachchi 161; HGC #12, 193; SNG ANS 879-92; Sear GC #7597 (different monogram).museumguy
Baktria_Agothocleia+StratonI_SNGANS9-983_bg.jpg
Baktria, Agothocleia and Straton I2 viewsAgothocleia and Straton I. 110-100 BC. AE square (7.40 gm). Indian standard. Draped bust of Pallas Athena r. in crested helmet. ΒAΣIΛIΣΣA ΘEOTPOΠOY AΓAΘOKΛEIAΣ. / Hercules seated l. on rock, club against thigh. Monogram. Karoshthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa dhramikasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton, the Just Savior). EF.  Agora Auctions Sale 65 #060. Boperachchi Série 3A; BMC 1-2; HGC 12 #317; MIG 2 Type 307; SNG ANS 9 #983-985. Anaximander
Baktria_ApollodotusII_SNGANS9-1598ff_bg.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus II0 viewsApollodotus II Soter Philopator Megas. 85-65 BC. Æ Double Unit (17mm, 3.57 gm) of Punjab. Apollo standing right, holding bow and arrow ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩ-ΤΗΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ Φ-ΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ- ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ. / Tripod; monogram to r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (of Great King Apollodotus the Savior). Monogram to l. nVF.  CNG EA 367 #290. Boperachchi Série 17A #38-40; HGC 12 #405; MIG 3 Type 427a; SNG ANS 9 #1598-1602; SNG Cop 7 #436. Anaximander
Baktria_ApollodotusII_SNGANS9-1573v_bg.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus II 1 viewsApollodotus II Soter Philopator Megas. 85-65 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.69 gm). Diademed, draped bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ - ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ. / Athena Promachos brandishing thunderbolt l. & holding shield. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (of Great King Apollodotus the Savior).  Monogram Δ inside ⬜ to inner l., f ("di") to r. EF.   Ponterio CCIF 142 #1704. Boperachchi Série 3A #15-16; OCV 423c; HGC 12 #389; MIG 3 Type 423c; Sear Greek 7671. cf. SNG ANS 9 #1573 (different monogram and letter). 1 commentsAnaximander
Baktria_ApollodotusII_SNGANS9-1560_bg.jpg
Baktria, Apollodotus II 0 viewsApollodotus II Soter Philopator Megas. 85-65 BC. AR Drachm (2.29 gm) of Wn Punjab. Diademed bust of king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ - ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ. / Athena Promachos brandishing thunderbolt l. & holding shield. Karoshthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Apaladatasa (of Great King Apollodotus the Savior). Monogram to l. aEF.  Boperachchi Série 2Ⲓ #13-14, Smithsonian 208-209; HGC 12 #392 corr. (legend); MIG 3 Type 424a; Sear Greek 7672; SNG ANS 9 #1560-1568; SNG Cop 7 #343. Anaximander
Baktria_Diomedes_SNGANS9-1232v_bg.jpg
Baktria, Diomedes0 viewsDiomedes. 115-105 BC. Square AE Hemiobol (9.13 gm). Dioscouroi stdg side by side, holding spears. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΔΙΟΜΗΔΟΥ. / Humped Zebu bull stdg r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Diyumetasa (of Great King Diomedes the Savior). Monogram below. EF.  CNG 55 #865. Bopearachchi Série 10A #4-7; BMC 5; HGC 12 #286; MIG 3 Type 354a; Sear Greek 7670. cf SNG ANS 9 #1232-1240 (different monogram). Anaximander
Baktria_Diomedes_SNGANS9-1230_bg.jpg
Baktria, Diomedes0 viewsDiomedes. 115-105 BC. AR Drachm (2.51 gm). Diademed & draped bust of Diomedes r., in crested Biotian helmet ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΔΙΟΜΗΔΟΥ. / Dioscouroi stdg. side by side, holding spears. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Diyumetasa (of Great King Diomedes the Savior). Monogram r. VF.  Pegasi A23 #241. Bopearachchi Série 9A #3; HGC 12 #285; MIG 3 Type 353a; SNG ANS 9 #1230. Anaximander
Baktria_Hermaios_SNGANS9-1344_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hermaios0 viewsHermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.63 gm). Diademed & draped bust r. with horned Boiotian helmet. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ. / Zeus-Mithra enthroned 3/4 l., hand extended, holding sceptre. Monogram to l. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). VF.  Triskles 23=VAuctions 329 #227. Bopearachchi Série 4D #H, Smithsonian 181-182; HGC 9 #291; MIG 3 Type 412a (2nd example=same obv. die); Senior H3cT, SNG ANS 9 #1344-1345. cf Triskles 25 #709; Triton XV #1351. Anaximander
Baktria_Hermaios_SNGANS9-1394_(1_82)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hermaios2 viewsHermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.82 gm) posthumous Indo-Scythian of 55-45 BC, Eastern Gandhara. Diademed bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ. / Zeus-Mithra enthroned, 3/4 l., hand extended, holding sceptre. Monograms. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). VF/gF.  Bopearachchi Série 13A #81-83; HGC 12 #303; MIG 3 Type 419j?; RC Senior CHIS 30D-31D; Sear Greek 7740; SNG ANS 9 #1394. Anaximander
Baktria_Hermaios_SNGANS9-1416ff_(1_53)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hermaios1 viewsHermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.53 gm) posthumous Indo-Scythian of 55-45 BC, Eastern Gandhara. Diademed bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ. / Zeus-Mithra enthroned, 3/4 l., hand extended, holding sceptre. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). VF.  Bopearachchi Série 17 #99-108; HGC 12 #305; MIG 3 Type 419; Sear Greek 7740; SNG ANS 9 #1416-1418.
Anaximander
Baktria_Hermaios_SNGANS9-1416ff_(1_94)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hermaios2 viewsHermaios. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (1.94 gm) posthumous Indo-Scythian of 55-45 BC. Diademed bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ. / Zeus-Mithra enthroned 3/4 l., hand extended, holding sceptre. Monogram to l. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior). gF.  Bopearchchi Série 17B #100-105, Smithsonian 201; HGC 12 #305; MIG 3 Type 419h; Sear Greek 7740; SNG ANS 9 #1416-1418.
Anaximander
Baktria_HermaiosKalliope_SNGANS9-1319_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hermaios & Kalliope3 viewsHermaios & Kalliope. 105-90 BC. AR Drachm (2.44 gm). Jugated and diademed bust of king & queen, r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΕΡΜΑΙΟΥ-ΚΑΛΛΙΟΠΗΣ. / King prancing r. on horseback w/ spear & bow. Monogram to r.  Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Heramayasa Kaliapaya (of Great King Hermaios the Savior [and] Kalliope). VF.  Bopearachchi Série 2A; HGC 12 #288; MIG 3 Type 408a; Sear Greek 7732; SNG ANS 9 #1321 corr. (reading of monogram); SNG Cop 7 #368.
1 commentsAnaximander
Baktria_Hippostratos_SNGANS9-1628_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hippostratos 0 viewsHippostratos Soter. 65-55 BC. AR Tetradrachm (9.5 gm) of Gandhara or Wn Punjab. Diademed and draped bust of Hippostratos r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΤΑΛΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΙΠΠΟΣΤΡΑΤΟΥ. / Armored & helmeted king on horseback r.; Kharosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Hipusratasa (of Great King Hippostratos the Savior). Monogram Δ over ͳ inside circle to r. & letter Ꞇ̍ in ex. nEF.  Deeply toned. Bopearachchi Série 7D #F; BMC 3; HGC 12 #451 (this coin); MIG 3 Type 445a; SNG ANS 9 #1628. Anaximander
Baktria_Hippostratos_SNGANS9-1643_bg.jpg
Baktria, Hippostratos Soter2 viewsHippostratos Soter. 65-55 BC. AE Octuple Unit (19.88 gm). Triton stdg, facing, holding dolphin, rudder over shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΙΠΠΟΣΤΡΑΤΟΥ. / Tyche stdg l., holding lotus and palm frond. Kharosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Hipusratasa (of Great King Hippostratos the Savior [and] Conquerer). Monogram T over A to inner l., letter to r. gVF.  Deeply toned. Rare. Bopearachchi Série 12A #10, H-J; HGC 12 #456; MIG 3 Type 446a; SNG ANS 9 #1643-1646. Anaximander
Baktria,_Kings,_Menander_I_Soter_(ca__165-155–130_BC)_AR_Drachm,_Menander_r_,_Athena_l_,_AY_monogram_l_,_Bop_13B,_Q-001,_0h,_16,5-17,0mm,_2,26g-s.jpg
Baktria, Kings, Menander I Soter (cc. 165/155–130 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Bop 13B, AY/-//--, Athena Alkidemos standing left, #182 viewsBaktria, Kings, Menander I Soter (cc. 165/155–130 B.C.), AR-Drachm, Bop 13B, AY/-//--, Athena Alkidemos standing left, #1
avers: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ, diademed, draped bust of Menander right.
reverse: Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa, Athena Alkidemos, viewed from behind, standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in raised right hand & holding shield on extended left arm, AY monogram in left field.
exergue: AY/-//--, diameter: 16,5-17,0mm, weight: 2,26g, axes: 0h,
mint: Baktria, Kings, Menander I Soter, date: cc. 165/155–130 B.C.,
ref: Bop 13B,
Q-001
quadrans
Baktria_Menander_SNGANS9-918_bg.jpg
Baktria, Menander0 viewsMenander. 155-130 BC. AE (15mm, 2.65 gm). Elephant head r., wearing bell around neck. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Club upwards, Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Value mark A to l. & monogram to r. gF.  Bopearachchi Série 28B #162; HGC 12 #197; MIG 2 Type 240b; Sear Greek 7616; SNG ANS 9 #917-918; SNG Cop 7 #309.Anaximander
Baktria_Menander_SNGANS9-745ff_bg.jpg
Baktria, Menander1 viewsMenander. 155-130 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25mm, 9.56 gm). Diademed heroic bust of Menander l., wearing aegis and brandishing spear, seen from behind. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Athena Promachos stdg. l. brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram to inner l. gVF.  CNG EA 458 #197.  HGC 12 #180; SNG ANS 9 745-747.  cf Bopearachchi Série 8 (unlisted subtype); MIG 2 Type 219 (same). SNG Cop 7 - . Anaximander
Baktria_Menander_SNGANS9-707_bg.jpg
Baktria, Menander1 viewsMenander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.42 gm). Diademed heroic bust of Menander l., wearing aegis and brandishing spear, seen from behind. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Athena Promachos stdg. r. brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis. Karosthi legend  Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram to inner l. VF/nVF.  Bopearachchi Série 6A #11-21, Smithsonian 60-67; BMC 36-37, 39-40; HGC 12 #187; MIG 2 Type 221b; Sear Greek 7604; SNG ANS 9 #702-714; SNG Cop 7 #304.Anaximander
Baktria_Menander_SNGANS9-733_bg.jpg
Baktria, Menander3 viewsMenander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.48 gm). Diademed heroic bust of Menander l., wearing aegis and brandishing spear, seen from behind.  ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Athena Promachos stdg r. brandishing thunderbolt & aegis, shield at angle. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monogram M atop + to r. VF.  CNG E389 #421. From the Kallman Collection, purchased from Colosseum Coin Exchange. Bopearachchi Série 7B #37-40, Smithsonian 68-73; BMC 33; HGC 12 #187; MIG 2 Type 224c; SNG ANS 9 #733-738; SNG Cop 7 #300-301. 1 commentsAnaximander
Baktria_Menander_SNGANS9-802_bg.jpg
Baktria, Menander0 viewsMenander. 155-130 BC. AR Drachm (2.47gms) of Pushkalavati mint. Diademed, draped bust of Menander r., ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ. / Athena Promachos stdg l., brandishing thunderbolt, holding aegis & shield. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (of Great King Menander, the Savior). Monograms |p| to l., E to r. EF.  Ponterio CCIF 142 #1701. Bopearachchi Série 13 I #70-72, Smithsonian #90; HGC 12 #191; MIG 2 Type 215 l; Sear Greek 7600; SNG ANS 9 #802-804. Anaximander
Baktria_StratonI_SNGANS9-1012_(8_99gm)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Straton I 0 viewsStraton I Soter. 110-100 BC. Square AE Hemidrachm (8.99 gm) of Pushkalavati. Bearded bust of Herakles, r., club over shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ-ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ-ΣΤΡΑΤΩΝΟΣ. / Nike advancing r., holding wreath and palm. Monograms A-Σ.  Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). VF.  Bopearachchi Série 29A; HGC 12 #349; MIG 2 Type 333b; Sear Greek 7661; SNG ANS 9 #1012.
Anaximander
Baktria_StratonI_SNGANS9-1012(9_14gm)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Straton I 0 viewsStraton I Soter. 110-100 BC. Square AE (9.14 gm) of Pushkalavati. Bearded bust of Herakles, r., club over shoulder. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΣΤΡΑΤΩΝΟΣ. / Nike advancing r., holding wreath and palm. Monograms A-Σ. Karosti legend Maharajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). VF.  CICF138 #1489. Bopearachchi Série 29A; HGC 12 #349; MIG 2 Type 333b; Sear Greek 7661; SNG ANS 9 #1012.
Anaximander
Baktria_StratonII_SNGANS9-1721ff_(2_44)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Straton II1 viewsStraton II. 25-10 BC. AR Drachm (2.44 gm) of Jammu and Akhnoor. Diademed and draped bust of elderly king r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΣΤΡΑΤΩΝΟΣ. / Athena Promachos stdg l., brandishing thunderbolt & shield. Karosthi legend Majarajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). Monogram to r. VF.   CNG 75 #663. Bopearachchi Série 2A #E-F; HGC 12 #476 (this coin); MIG 3 Type 469c; SNG ANS 9 #1721-1722.
Anaximander
Baktria_StratonII_SNGANS9-1721_(2_30)_bg.jpg
Baktria, Straton II1 viewsStraton II. 25-10 BC. AR Drachm (2.30 gm) of Jammu and Akhnoor. Diademed and draped bust of elderly Straton, r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΣΤΡΑΤΩΝΟΣ. / Athena Promachos stdg l., brandishing thunderbolt & shield. Karosthi legend Majarajasa tratarasa Stratasa (of Great King Straton the Savior). Monogram to r. VF.  CNG 75 #664. Bopearachchi Série 2A #E-F; HGC 12 #476 (this coin); MIG 3 Type 469c; SNG ANS 9 #1721-1722.
1 commentsAnaximander
Baktria_ZoilosII_SNGANS9-1669_bg.jpg
Baktria, Zoilos II0 viewsZoilos II. 55-35 BC. AR Drachm (2.38 gm) of En Punjab. Draped & diademed bust r., hair looking as though a headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ꞮΩΙΛΟΥ. / Athena Promachos stdg l. brandishing spear, holding shield. Karosthi letters ma ram to l. & thi to r. Monogram to r. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (of Great King Zoilos the Savior). VF.   HGC 12 #465; MIG 3 Type 459e; Sear Greek 7708; SNG ANS 9 #1668-1670. cf Bopearachchi Série 1O (add Karosthi letter ma). Anaximander
Baktria_ZoilosII_SNGANS9-1664-1665_bg.jpg
Baktria, Zoilos II. 1 viewsZoilos II. 55-35 BC. AR Drachm (2.25 gm) of En Punjab. Diademed bust r. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ꞮΩΙΛΟΥ. / Athena Promachos advancing l., brandishing thunderbolt & holding shield. Karosthi legend Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (of Great King Zoilos the Savior). Monogram to r. and Karosthi letter "ru" to l. EF.  Ancient Imports #25351. Bopearachchi Série 1C #2; MIG 3 Type 459r; HGC 12 #465; SNG ANS 9 #1664-1665; SNG Cop 7 #348. Anaximander
BeFunky-collage_(21).jpg
Caabria Tarentum AR Stater circa 280-272 BC 19 mm 6.42g 35 viewsNaked boy-rider crowning stationary horse right and lifting up fore-leg./Taras seated sideways on dolphin to left,holding out a horned helmet.On either side a twelve - rayed star.Evans the horsemen of Tarentum plate VIII no 6 Pyrrhic Hegemony this type of coin was used to pay Pyrrhus and his army of 20.000 solders in his war against Rome. For a general so renowned in antiquity Hannibal apocryphally,ranked him second behind Alexander.1 commentsGrant H
Untitled_collage614.jpg
Caabria Tarentum AR Stater circa 333-332 BC 21mm 7.82g 12 h69 viewsWarrior preparing to cast spear held in right hand,holding two spears and shield in left,on horse rearing right,eight rayed star on hind leg.Rev Taras holding kantharos in extended right hand,cradling trident in left arm,astride dolphin leftAP to left below small dolphin.
Vlasto 602,SNG ANS 995,HN Italy 937.
3 commentsGrant H
Vlasto_502.jpg
Calabria Taras, 340/325, Stater35 views7,74 g, ca. Magistrate Ar... und Ka... Ephebe with wreath on horseback, above it floating Nike / Taras with Kantharos and Chlamys on dolphin over waves. Vlasto 502; Fischer-Bossert 718.
Very rare and very fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_157-9.jpg
CALABRIA (Apulia), Taras, c. 470-465 BC. AR Drachm56 views(14mm, 3.20g, 3h).

Forepart of hippocamp r.; pecten below. R/ Diademed head of Satyra r. Vlasto 157-9; HNItaly 839; SNG ANS 846. Rare, Good Fine
1 commentsLeo
Taras_Calabria_Italy.jpg
Calabria Italy Taras on Dolphin92 viewsTaras, Calabria, Italy, Silver nomos, Taros mint, 272 - 235 BC, 20.3mm, 6.375g, 0o axis, Vlasto 877 ff., SNG ANS 1197 ff., HN Italy 1033
OBV: Nude youth on horseback right, shield and two lances in left hand, spear pointed downwards in right, DI above left, API-STI/KL-HS below
REV: TARAS, Taras astride dolphin left, kantharos in right, trident in left, head of a nymph left behind; typical tight flan

The reverse depicts Taras, the son of Poseidon and of a local nymph,
Satyrion, being saved from a shipwreck by riding a dolphin sent to him by Poseidon.
This symbol of the ancient Greek city is still the symbol of Taranto today.

EX: Forum Ancient Coins
4 commentsRomanorvm
Calabria_Italy_Taras_on_Dolphin.jpg
Calabria Italy Taras on Dolphin21 viewsTaras, Calabria, Italy, c. 272 - 240 B.C., Silver nomos, Unpublished(?); Vlasto 932 var. (different controls), SNG ANS 1239 var. (same), HN Italy 1044 var. (same), SNG Cop -, BMC Italy -, VF, 6.520g, 19.7mm, die axis 180°,
OBV: Nude warrior wearing crested helmet on horse standing left, holding shield on left arm, horse raising right foreleg, ET (control) before horse, API-ΣTΩN below divided by horse's left foreleg;
REV: Taras on dolphin left, kantharos in extended right hand, trident nearly vertical in left, ΓY (control) behind upper right, TAPAΣ below;

Very Rare variant. EX: Forum Ancient Coins

Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta).
These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer
needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave Greece forever. Their leader, Phalanthus, consulted the oracle at Delphi and was told to make the harbor of Taranto
their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The reverse depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a dolphin sent to him by Poseidon.
This symbol of the ancient Greek city is still the symbol of modern Taranto today.

SRukke
Calabria.jpg
Calabria Nomos92 viewsAR Nomos
Helmeted warrior on horse left, holding shield ornamented with eight-rayed star & two spears behind him

Dionysiac Taras astride dolphin left, holding distaff & grape-bunch

Calabria, Tarentum
ca 281-272 BC

5.58g

Vlasto 789 (SNG ANS 1133)
Ex-Calgary coins

SOLD!
4 commentsJay GT4
Vlasto_235-6.JPG
CALABRIA TARAS Nomos. Circa 425-415 BC.71 views23 mm 7,39 g.

Obv: Phalanthos, right arm outstretched and holding shield on left arm, riding dolphin left; cockle shell below.

Rev: Nude male figure, holding bird in his extended left hand and spindle in his right, seated right on himation draped over a stool.

Fischer-Bossert 270a; Vlasto 235-6; HN Italy 844; SNG Lloyd 140; BMC 78; SNG Newcastle 19; Boston MFA 59; de Luynes 286; Gulbenkian 24; McClean 558.

near VF

Rare
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto666.jpg
CALABRIA Taras, 302/280, Nomos15 views7.80 g.
Naked boy on horse to r., crowning the horse. In field l. ΣA, beneath APE/ΘΩN. Rev. TAPAΣ Taras on dolphin to l., holding tripod in r. hand. CAΣ beneath.
Vlasto 666. Rutter, Historia Numorum 957. Extremely fine.
Leo
BeFunky-collage_(9).jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 281-272 BC 21mm 6.47 g Vlasto 73639 viewsNaked boy on horse walking left,being recived by a naked male figure standing left,crowning the horse API-ETI-N in three lines beneath the horse,in field to right,monogram.Rev Taras on dolphin right holding bow and arrows,beneath elephant.1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~95.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 473-460 BC 7.52 g 47 viewsOecist seated left holding distaff and scepter.Rev Taras on dolphin right with extenden arms,shell below.
EX Superior 5-30-95 lot 7023.
EX Lewis Egnew.ex Numismatic Fine Arts 10-18-1990 The Lawrence M.Cutler collection,lot 8
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~15.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 500-473 BC 20mm 7.68g 6h 31 viewsTaras retrograde,Taras riding dolphin right with cuttle fish in right hand,left hand extended.Rev Taras retrograde, hippocamp flying right,cockel shell below.Grant H
FotorCreated~75.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 240-228 BC 21mm 6.37 g 10h48 viewsOlympis Magistrate,warrior brandishing javelin,on horse gelloping right wreath to left Olympis below.Rev Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos and cornucopiae,tripod to right. Grant H
FotorCreated~77.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 272-235 BC 18 mm 6.19 g 6h24 viewsNaked boy rider crowning horse standing left, and lifting off foreleg,EY above horse.Rev TAPAE in field under Taras astride dolphinto left,holding trident in left hand and with right hand extending small wreath bearing Nike,in field to right bunch of grapes with small leaf.Grant H
FotorCreated~10.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Nomos circa 302-280 BC 20mm 7.96g31 viewsNude youth on horseback right crowning horse,behind and above EA, in two lines below APE-O?N.Rev Taras riding dolphin left holding tripod in right hand below AE-TAPAE.
This group,Evans,Period 6 is the last before the reform reducing the weight of the nomos.
Grant H
Untitled_collagetarastaras.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR nomos circa 344-340 BC22mm 7.18g Vlasto 51816 viewsHelmeted warrior standing facing,head right holding spear and shield,behind horse ./Phalanthos riding dolphin left,holding triton and shield below A above waves.1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~94.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Stater 7.30g24 viewsNaked Ephebos crowning horse right.Rev Taras astride dolphin right.Grant H
Vlasto-947.jpg
Calabria, Taras15 viewsCalabria, Taras; 235-228, Didrachm, 6.44g. Vlasto-947, (Same obverse die).
Obv: Naked rider on a horse with spear galloping right, Rx: Taras on dolphin left, holding kantharos.area of flat strike and light corrosion. VF
Leo
Vlasto_509.jpg
Calabria, Taras (c. 344-340 B.C.), Silver Stater.86 views8.03g., 2h
Naked youth on a horse pacing right, crowning the horse with a wreath held in his extended right hand, K(KAA?) and an upright club below the horse, rev. TAP-A-Σ, Phalanthos riding on a dolphin left, holding a kantharos in his extended right hand, and a trident and a shield in his left, Ω below dolphin's tail, waves below.
Fischer-Bossert, Group 49, 685 (V260/R532); Vlasto 509 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 173 (these dies); SNG ANS 960; HN Italy 887. An exceptional example, well-struck from fresh dies and perfectly centred on a flan of good metal, extremely fine and most attractive.
From Sovereign Rarities (2018)

The "K" or "KAL" engraver was one of the finest Greek masters working in the 4th century. His work though rare, can also be found on coins from Heraklea, Metapontion, and Thouroi.
4 commentsLeo
greek17.jpg
Calabria, Taras Ar Nomos57 views(272-240 BC) Apollonios, magistrate.
Obv.: Warrior on horseback holding shield and spear.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin, holding trident; Nike above crowning him; waves below.
Vlasto 894-898. HN Italy 1038.
2 commentsMinos
Vlasto_286.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. c. 430-425 BC24 viewsNude horseman galloping l. / Dolphin rider r., l. hand extended; shell below. Vlasto 286 Fischer-Bossert 219 b (dieses Expl.) ; SNG ANS 864; 7.70 g.Leo
Vlasto_941.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 240-228 BC.26 views6.56g, 21mm, 11 h
Zopyrion, magistrate. Nude youth on horseback to right, ΖΩΠΥΡΙΩΝ below; below forelegs, ΣΩ above bukranion / Taras astride dolphin to left, holding hippocamp in extended right hand, trident against left arm; monogram and mask of Silenos right, TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 941; HN Italy 1054.
Extremely Fine; a beautiful reverse composition. Very Rare.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_883.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-240 BC.12 views6.50g, 20mm, 2h.
Nikokra- and N-, magistrates. Nude horseman galloping right, brandishing spear in right hand, shield and two spears on left arm; N behind, NIKO-KΡA in two lines below.
Taras, nude, astride dolphin to right, holding crested helmet with both hands; TAΡAΣ behind, Ionic capital below.
Vlasto 883; SNG ANS 1203.

Good Extremely Fine; attractive old cabinet tone. Very Rare.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_701-3.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-270 BC.12 views7.85g, 23mm, 6h.
Rider dismounting from horse left, holding spear and shield; EY in right field, [NIK]ΩΝ below horse
Taras seated astride dolphin left, holding barley ear in right hand and resting left on dolphin's back; API before, TAPAΣ behind, spearhead below.
Vlasto 701-3; HN Italy 969; SNG ANS 1078.

Extremely Fine; lustrous metal.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_379ff.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 390-385 BC.79 viewsNude warrior on horseback left, holding reins in right hand, small round shield on left arm; A below / Taras astride dolphin left; P and ΤΑΡΑΣ below. Vlasto 379ff; HN Italy 869; SNG ANS 900. 6.98g, 23mm, 8h.

Good Fine.
4 commentsLeo
Vlasto_264.jpg
Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 425/420-380 BC. 6 views7.56g, 22mm, 5h.
Taras astride dolphin right, extending left arm; Π in left field, TAPA[NTINΩNHMI] around.
Nude youth on horse galloping right, holding reins with left hand.
Vlasto 264; HN Italy 848; Evans IB.1.
Good Fine; old cabinet tone. Extremely Rare, only two other examples on CoinArchives.
Leo
TarasCalabria.jpg
Calabria, Taras Didrachm127 viewsNaked youth galloping right on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand, monogram ΣY in field behind youth and ΛΥK INOΣ below horse

Taras seated on dolphin left, holding chalmys and thrusting trident in right hand, owl behind TAPAS in Exergue

Calabria 272-235 BC

6.62g

Vlasto 836

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
4 commentsJay GT4
Taras_didrachm.jpg
Calabria, Taras didrachm78 viewsHorseman riding left, holding shield and bridle.

Taras seated on dolphin left TAPAΣ beneath.

Tarentum, Calabria 390-385 BC

7.40g

Scarce

Vlasto 384, Period III, 380-345 BC (Age of Archytas); ; Fischer-Bossert 428, gives date of 390-380 and corresponds to SNG ANS 901.

Ex-Calgary Coin; Ex-Alberta Coin;

Tarentum, the only Spartan colony ever to be established, was founded in 706 BC by the Partheniae - Spartan children born to unmarried women as a product of Spartan desperation to ensure the survival and continuation of their demographic during the bloody Messenian wars, who were later disowned and expelled by the state - and Perioeci (subjects, but not citizens of Sparta), under the leadership of the Parthenian Phalanthos. According to legend, Phalanthos consulted the oracle at Delphi, and was told that he should found his new city 'where rain fell from a clear sky'. After much searching, and despairing of finding a suitable location for a city, Phalanthos was consoled by his wife Aethra who laid his head in her lap, and as her tears splashed upon his forehead he understood the oracle's words for his wife's name itself meant 'clear sky', and thus he determined to make the nearby harbour the site of their new home, which they named after Taras, the son of Poseidon and the nymph Satyrion.
4 commentsJay GT4
Taras~0.jpg
Calabria, Taras Didrachm 272-235 BC154 viewsYouth on horse standing left with monogram N below, holding wreath above its head.

Taras holding Nike & trident, on dolphin left, TAPAΣ to right API-ΣTO below.

Calabria, Taras
250 BC

21 mm, 6.7gm

Ref: SNG-Cop-923, Vlasto 873v

Ex-Imperator Coins

New photo!
3 commentsJay GT4
Vlasto_1077.jpg
Calabria, Taras Drachm circa 280-27234 viewsAR 16mm., 3.21g. Head of Athena l., wearing helmet decorated with Skylla. Rev. Owl standing r. on thunderbolt, with open wings. Vlasto 1077. Historia Numorum Italy 1018.

Attractive old cabinet tone, Good Very Fine.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_132.jpg
Calabria, Taras Nomos circa 500-48038 viewsAR 19mm., 8.03g. Oecist riding dolphin r., extending arms; below, shell. Rev. Hippocamp l. Vlasto 132. Historia Numorum Italy 827.

Toned, Very Fine/Good Very Fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1506.jpg
Calabria, Taras Obol14 viewsCirca 325-280, AR 7.5mm., 0.27g. Calabria, Tarentum, Obol (?) circa 325-280, AR 6mm, 0.27g. Cockle shell. Rev. Dolphin swimming r.; below, thunderbolt. Vlasto 1506. SNG Copenhagen 1038. SNG France 2152. Historia Numorum Italy 979 (litra ?).

Rare, Toned and Extremely Fine.
Leo
Calabria,_Taras,_AR-Litra,_Scallop-shell,_TAPA,_Dolphin,_shell,_HN_Italy_831,_c_500-480_BC,Q-001,_6h,_9-10mm,_0,63g-s.jpg
Calabria, Taras, (c.520-473 B.C.), AR-Litra, HN Italy 831, -/-//Scallop-shell, TAPA (retrograde), Dolphin, below, Scallop-shell,123 viewsCalabria, Taras, (c.520-473 B.C.), AR-Litra, HN Italy 831, -/-//Scallop-shell, TAPA (retrograde), Dolphin, below, Scallop-shell,
avers: Scallop-shell, linear border.
reverse: TAPA (retrograde), Dolphin, below, Scallop-shell, linear border.
exergue: -/-//Scallop-shell, diameter: 9,0-10,2mm, weight: 0,63g, axes: 6h,
mint: Calabria, Taras, date: c.520-473 B.C., ref: HN Italy 831, Vlasto 1136, Cote 102,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Vlasto_877.jpg
Calabria, Taras, 272-240 BC, AR Nomos24 views6.47g, magistrate Aristokles, nude rider holding spear on horseback galloping right, rev. Taras riding dolphin left, holding trident, nymph's head in field (Vlasto 877), well centred on an irregular flan, otherwise attractively toned in recesses, very fine or better.1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_255.jpg
Calabria, Taras, 425-415 BC, Oecist Nomos39 views7.99g. Fischer-Bossert-279 (V127/R212), Vlasto-255.
Obv: Phalantos naked and ithyphallic riding dolphin left; extending right hand and holding cuttlefish in left hand.
Rx: Oecist naked to waist, seated left on stool and balancing distaff on right hand, a lekythos on his left wrist.
Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 13. Ex NAC 10, 9 April 1997, lot 17. Ex M&M Basel 10, 1951, lot 161. With interesting and unusual types: Phalantos holds cuttlefish on obverse, while on reverse Taras(or Oecist?) is shown seated rather than on horseback. Nicely centered and well struck, except for Phalantos' head on obverse; rare; beautifully toned. EF

The distaff is a very common symbol on Tarentine coins. It may be an allusion to the very important wool industry and the wool-trade Tarentum was famous for.
Leo
Vlasto_1132.jpg
CALABRIA, TARAS, AR 1/6 Stater or diobol, 500-480 BC 26 viewsweight 1,25gr. | silver Ø 11mm.
obv. Dolphin right, cockle-shell below
rev. Hippocamp right, TAPA (retrograde) above
BMC 55 | cf. Vlasto 1132 | Côte 34 | cf. SNG.Copenhagen 783 |
cf. SNG.Paris 1612 | cf. Historia Numorum, Italy 829 | Sear 227 R
Rare cointype in an attractive condition.
vf
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_797.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, AR Nomos72 viewsCirca 280-272 BC. (21.5mm, 6.28 g, 10h). Warror, holding shield and two spears, on horse galloping left; ZΩ to right, [A]ΠOΛΛΩ below / Phalanthos, holding grape bunch and distaff, astride dolphin left; ANΘ to left. Vlasto 797; HN Italy 1013. VF, toned.2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1216.jpg
CALABRIA, TARAS, AR Obol - 4th century B.C.40 viewsweight 0,55gr. | silver 10mm.
obv. Female head right, surrounded by serpents
rev. Kantharos, 5 dots arround, TA above
BMC 431var. | SNG.Copenhagen- | Historia Numorum- |
SNG.Paris 2082 | SNG.München- | Jameson 131 | Vlasto 1216 RR
a very rare and intriguing cointype
vf
2 commentsLeo
vlasto_842.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 272-240 BC. AR Nomos 38 views6.57g, 3h
Nude rider on horse standing to left, crowning his horse; to right, ; below, .
Rev. Phalanthos, nude, riding on dolphin to left, holding Nike with his right hand and trident with his left; to right, bunch of grapes.
Evans VIII A, 10. HN III 1026. SNG Paris 2006 ff. Vlasto 842-4.
Extremely fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1760.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 280-228 BC. AR Hemiobol8 views6mm, 0.24g
Two crescents back-to-back; two pellets around. R/ Two crescents back-to-back; two pellets around.
Vlasto 1758-9; cf. HN Italy 1077. VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_413-4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 385-380 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views21mm, 7.47g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback l., crowning horse with wreath; pellet to l., A below. R/ Phalanthos riding dolphin l., holding kantharos. Cf. Vlasto 413-4; cf. HNItaly 875; SNG Fitzwilliam 257; Fisher-Bossert N 71. Corrosions, VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320-1.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, c. 415-400 BC. AR Nomos (Contemporary Imitation)37 views20mm, 5.35g, 9h
Nude youth on horseback right, placing wreath on the horse's head; caduceus before.
TARAS, Taras astride dolphin right, left hand extended, right hand at side.
Vlasto 320-1
VF – silver deeply black plated, with green spots where the copper core give up.
In consideration of the artistic quality of the dies, observe in detail the horse head on the obverse.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_638.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, Circa 315-302 BC. AR Nomos59 views21mm, 8.04 g, 11h
Warrior, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, holding two spears and shield with left hand, on horse rearing right; Ξ to left, API below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos in extended right hand and cradling oar in left arm, riding dolphin left; KΛ to left, TAPAΣ to right. Fischer-Bossert Group 74a, 914 (V357/R709); Vlasto 638; HN Italy 939; SNG ANS 1016 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; BMC 208 (same dies); Pozzi 123 (same obv. die). Very rare in this quality. Excellent style. Beautiful patina. Extremely fine.
Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 6; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 15.

The obverse of this nomos depicts an example of the mercenary cavalrymen for which Taras became famous in the Hellenistic period. The Tarentine cavalryman is believed to have been the first mounted warrior of the Greek world to carry a shield. This novelty made him popular in the armies of Hellenistic kings and led to the training of cavalrymen in the Tarentine style.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_178.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras, Nomos, ca 450 - 440 BC13 views8.00g
Obv: Phalantos with arms outstretched on dolphin n. R. Including shell.
Rev: Beardless man in a hip coat sits on a stool, holding a spindle in his right and resting his left hand on the edge of the chair. The whole in a laurel wreath.
Vlasto 178 (stgl.); Fischer-Bossert 138b (this copy).
Fine toned and rare.
Ex Peus Nachf., Frankfurt, Auction 277, 1971, 3. Bought at Leu, Zurich, on 14.8.1972.
Leo
Calabria_1b_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 696 87 viewsSilver Nomos

Obv:– Warrior on horseback right thrusting spear downward with right hand, holding two spears and shield in his left hand ; ΣΙ behind , ΔAKINMOΣ below.
Rev:– [TARAS] , Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding dolphinin right hand , cradling cornucopiae in left arm. [ΔΑ below]
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 302 - 280 B.C. Magistrate Dakinmos
Reference:– Vlasto 696 ; SNG ANS 1071
3 commentsmaridvnvm
calabria_1a_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 85337 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Naked boy-horseman prancing right, crowning horse with right, AGAQA/RCOX below.
Rev:– Taras naked seated on dolphin left, extending kantharos in right, cornucopia in left, TARAS below, race torch behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 270 - 240 B.C.
Reference:– HN Italy 1028, Vlasto 853, SGCV I 375 var

Slabbed by ICG - EF40

Ex-Forum

Photographed through slab. Still deciding whether to free it from the tomb.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Calabria_1d_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 87727 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:- Nude warrior on horseback right, holding shield and two lances in left hand, spear pointed downwards in right; API-STO/KL-NS below, DI behind.
Rev- Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos in right hand and trident in left; head of a nymph behind.
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C.
Reference:– Vlasto 877
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Calabria_1c_img.jpg
Calabria, Taras, Nomos, Vlasto 89181 viewsSilver Nomos
Obv:– Helmeted, nude warrior riding on horse right, transverse spear in right hand, large round shield behind, [ΦI before], ΦHRAE / ΛHTWΣ below.
Rev:– [T_A_RAS], Taras astride dolphin left, holding flower & cornucopiae; EI monogram & thymiaterion behind
Minted in Calabria, Taras from .c. 272 - 235 B.C. Pheraeletos as magistrate
Reference:– Vlasto 891 ???, SNG ANS 1209???. HN Italy 1037
4 commentsmaridvnvm
Vlasto_836.jpg
Calabria, Taras.53 viewsSilver Nomos (6.64 g), ca. 272-240 BC.
Sy… and Lykinos, magistrates. Youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath; behind and below in two lines, magistrate's names: ΣY and ΛYKI/NOΣ. Reverse: TA-PAΣ, Phalanthos riding dolphin left, hurling trident; behind, owl standing left, head facing. Vlasto 836; HN Italy 1025. Gorgeous iridescent toning. Superb Extremely Fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1229.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. 380-334 BC. AR Diobol. ex Vlasto collection.5 views0.83 gm
Horse galloping / Taras on dolphin.
Vlasto.1229. SNG.ANS.1356. Toned VF, some corrosion.
Rare. ex Vlasto collection.
Leo
Vlasto_191.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. 450-440 BC. AR Nomos37 views7.71g
Taras seated left on dolphin, both arms extended, cockle shell below, Greek ΔEM scratched in field in ancient times // Dionysius male figure, naked to waist, seated, holding distaff & scepter, large die-break noticeable at the bottom of the distaff, Fine.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_288.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. 460-420 BC. AR Nomos10 views7.79 gm
Taras riding dolphin, scallop shell below / Horseman galloping. Vlasto.288. Toned aVF. Scarce early issue.
Leo
Vlasto_297.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. c. 400-390 BC. AR Nomos24 views21mm, 7.67g, 6h
Warrior, wearing helmet, holding shield and lance, dismounting from horse cantering l. R/ Phalanthos, holding helmet and large oval shield, on dolphin l.; Σ below. Vlasto 297; HNItaly 849. VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1012.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Campano-Tarentine series. Circa 281-272 BC. AR Nomos27 views20mm, 7.07 g, 4h
Diademed head of Satyra left / Nude youth on horseback right, crowning horse with wreath; TA to left, dolphin below. Vlasto 1012–4; HN Italy 1098. VF.

"The Campano-Tarentine series dates to around the middle of the 3rd century BC, and are usually said to have been struck somewhere in Campania or Lucania. The type displays not the usual horseman and dolphin rider combination, but instead the obverse is occupied by a nymph resembling those on the coinage of Neapolis. Furthermore, the coins are struck on the standard not of Tarentum, being 0.8 grams lighter on average, but of those cities on the west coast of Magna Graecia, hence the credence given to this theory. However, the question of where these coins were struck and which region they were intended for, was addressed by J.G. Milne (An Exchange-Currency of Magna Graecia), who convincingly argues that it was more likely they were produced in Tarentum for circulation in or trade with the Greek cities of Bruttium, and that they should therefore be properly referred to as Bruttio-Tarentine coinage."
Leo
vlasto_965.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 240-228 BC. AR Nomos8 views18mm, 5.94 g, 6h
Kallikrates, magistrate. Warrior riding right, head facing, extending right hand to receive crowning Nike, flying right; monogram to left, magistrate’s name in two lines below
Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding trident and Nike; NE monogram to right.
Vlasto 964; HN Italy 1059. VF, darkly toned, some marks under tone.
Leo
Vlasto_704.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos39 views(22.5mm, 7.74 g, 1h).
Youth on horse galloping right; EY to left, NIKOΔAMO[Σ] below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and distaff, riding dolphin left; ZOP and gazelle below. Vlasto 704; cf. HN Italy 970/958. Near EF, deep iridescent tone, a hint of porosity. Well centered on a broad flan.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_684.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos31 views21mm, 7.82 g, 2h.
Warrior on horse galloping left, holding shield; ΦIΛΩ (retrograde) below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding small Nike; waves below. Vlasto 684 (same obv. die); HN Italy 964. VF, toned.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1463.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280-228 BC. AR Diobol4 views11mm, 0.89 g, 11h
Head of Athena facing slightly left, wearing triple crested helmet / Herakles strangling the Nemean lion; club and shield to left, AP monogram between legs.
Vlasto 1463; cf. HN Italy 1062. Near VF, toned, a few marks, compact flan.

From the AG Collection.
Leo
Vlasto_1723.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280-228 BC. AR Obol22 views10mm, 0.46 g, 6h
Horse head right / Horse head right; race torch to right. Vlasto 1723; HN Italy 1075. Good VF, old cabinet toning.
1 commentsLeo
V_804.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280-272 BC. AR Nomos10 views19.5mm, 6.46 g, 2h
Youth on horseback right, crowning self; ZΩ to left, ZAΛO and Ionic capital below / Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding aphlaston and distaff; ANΘ to right.
Vlasto 804; HN Italy 1014. Good VF
Leo
vlasto_27.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 320-315 BC. AV Sixth Stater – Diobol17 views9.5mm, 1.41 g, 11h
Head of Apollo left, wearing laurel wreath; [ΣA] and dolphin to left, TAPAΣ to right
Herakles, raising club overhead in right hand, preparing to strike the Nemean lion as it attacks him from the right; bow and quiver to left, |-H below.
Fischer-Bossert G14 (V11/R14); Vlasto 27; HN Italy 951; SNG ANS 1034; SNG BN 1492–3; SNG Copenhagen 834; SNG Lloyd 186; Boston MFA 73 = Warren 36; Hunterian 20; Jameson 161; McClean 599 (all from the same dies). Good VF.

Apollo was worshipped as the patron of colonists at Tarentum, and he was also the patron of the revered Pythagorean religious order at Tarentum, which existed until the late fourth century. The reverse motif of Herakles fighting the Nemean lion was also used on contemporary silver diobols of Tarentum and its colony Herakleia, though the silver issues usually chose the "tondo" scene of a crouched Herakles wrestling the Nemean lion with a stranglehold (a design also used on the Syracusan gold 100 litrae issue of Dionysios I).
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_576.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 325-281 BC. Stater19 viewsSilver, 20mm, 7.78 g 1
Nude rider on horse prancing to right, holding round shield, two lances, and spear; ΣIM below. Rev. TAPAΣ Phalanthos seated astride dolphin to left, holding spindle over his left shoulder; before, eagle standing right; below, ΦI and waves. SNG ANS 982 ( same dies ). Vlasto 576 ( same dies ). Good very fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_543–4.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 333-331/0 BC. AR Nomos98 views19.5mm, 7.70 g, 2h
Warror, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; [|- to left], Λ to right, KAΛ and Δ below / Phalanthos, holding crested Phrygian helmet, astride dolphin right; stars flanking, API below. Fischer-Bossert Group 60, 770–3 var. (V303/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Vlasto 543–4 (same obv. die); HN Italy 896. Good VF, toned, a little off center. From fine style dies.

On this coin we see the rider on horseback exercising his martial prowess, galloping forward and preparing to thrust a javelin into an object which the viewer does not see. On his far side he carries a round shield and two additional spears. The reverse depicts the dolphin rider facing to the right, holding a helmet of Phrygian design with cheek guards and a long, sweeping crest. Two stars in the fields flank the dolphin rider, and should perhaps be interpreted as alluding to the Dioskouroi and thus to Sparta. If so, then the design should be seen in light of the ill-fated expedition of the Spartan king Archidamos III. In 343/2 B.C. at the request of the city’s leading citizens, the Spartan king arrived with a fleet and soldiers in order to help the Tarentines to repel incursions by their Italic neighbors, notably the noisome Lucanians to Tarentum’s north and west. He was subsequently killed during the fighting, and the dolphin rider here may be thought of as mourning the slain Spartan king.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_498~0.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 340-335 BC. AR Nomos5 views23mm, 7.87 g, 1h
Nude youth on horseback right, holding rein in left hand, crowning horse with wreath held in right hand; to left, Nike flying right, placing fillet on head of youth; AP below.
Phalanthos, nude, riding sideways on dolphin right, head turned slightly left, spearing cuttlefish below with trident held in right hand; KA monogram to left, TAPAΣ to right; all encircled by waves.
Fischer-Bossert Group 54, 717 (V267/R561); Vlasto 498 (same dies); cf. HN Italy 886; SNG ANS –; SNG Copenhagen 822 (same obv. die). VF, lightly toned. Struck from artistic dies on a broad flan. Very rare issue, only ten examples noted by Fischer-Bossert.
Leo
Vlasto-448.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 355-340 BC. AR Nomos14 views7.86g.
Obv: Nude horseman r., shield behind him; T below horse. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Taras astride dolphin l. over waves, holding one-handled vase; Π below.Test mark at 5:00.
Fischer-Bossert-672, Vlasto-448.
Small contact mark behind dolphin's eye. EF
Leo
Vlasto_1139_(this_coin).jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Tritemorion(?)8 views 0.47 g
Female head left / Three crescents facing outward around central pellet.
Vlasto 1139 (this coin); HN Italy 924.
Near VF, toned, cleaning marks. Apparently unique.
From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink Numismatic Circular CVIII.4 (August 2000), no. 2874; M.P. Vlasto Collection, 1139; Nervenga Collection (Sambon, 18 November 1907), lot 381.
Leo
Vlasto_349.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 385-340 BC. AR Nomos9 views19 mm, 7.51 g, 6 h
Nude ephebe on horse standing right, crowning horse with wreath / TAPAΣ, Phalanthos astride dolphin left.
Fischer-Bossert grp. 31a, 446 (V197/R340); Vlasto 350-1 (same dies); SNG ANS 890 (same dies); HN Italy 868.
Minor porosity on the fields. Very fine.
Leo
Vlasto_338.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 400-390 BC. AR Nomos31 views20mm, 7.93 g, 2h
Youth on horse galloping right; tiny Λ below / Phalanthos, holding torch, riding dolphin left.

Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 361.2 (V164/R283) = Vlasto 338 (this coin); HN Italy 850. Old collection tone, small edge test cut, a few marks on edge, struck from worn dies. VF.

Ex Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 415-405 BC. AR Nomos11 views22mm, 7.88 g, 9h
Nude rider seated right on horse, which he crowns; kerykeion to right, ΛA in exergue / Phalanthos, nude, extending his hand, riding dolphin right.
Fischer-Bossert Group 21, 297 (V134/R229); Vlasto 320–1 (same dies); HN Italy 851; SNG Copenhagen 803 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 150 (same dies); SNG Lockett 351 (same dies); Hirsch 190 (same dies); Dewing 137 (same dies).
Even light gray tone, with iridescence around the devices, a few marks under tone on obverse, light scuffs under tone and die flaw on reverse. Near EF. Very rare.

From the Matthew Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1040.
Leo
Vlasto_1193.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 450-380 BC. AR Trias14 views6.5mm, 0.19 g, 11h
Large T; three pellets (mark of value) around / Large T; three pellets (mark of value) around, small P to lower right.
Vlasto 1193; HN Italy 853. Good VF, toned. Very rare.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_140.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos14 views18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
Leo
Vlasto_115.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 500-490 BC. AR Nomos33 views8.03 g, 9h
Taras riding dolphin right, holding cuttlefish, left hand extended / Hippocamp left; cockle shell below. Fischer-Bossert 27 (V12/R21); Vlasto 115 (same obv. die); HN Italy 827; McClean 533. VF, minor roughness.

In the time this coinage was produced Tarentum was a monarchy, as it had been since its foundation. Though we have little information concerning the early governance of Tarentum, the monarchy was probably modelled on the one ruling over Sparta. According to Herodotus (iii, 136) a certain king Aristophilides ruled over the city in this period.
Since the arrival of the Greeks in the region in the late 8th century BC, a long-running series of skirmishes appears to have taken place between the Tarentines and the indigenous Iapygian tribes (Messapians, Daunians and the Peucetii) who controlled the interior of the Apulian peninsula. Tarentine expansion was therefore limited to the coast because of the resistance of these populations, a situation reflected in their coinage types which are predominantly marine in character.
In c.490 BC the Messapians moved against the Tarentines with a composite force of around 8,000 men including shield infantry, skirmishers, and their skilled cavalry. The Tarentines meanwhile fielded 4,000 citizen hoplites and 1,000 light infantry in support, as well as a combination of light and sword-wielding cavalry. Outside the walls of their city the Tarentines withstood the initial skirmishing and the Messapian charge; despite the superiority of the Messapian cavalry and being greatly outnumbered on foot, the Tarentines appear to have represented their Spartan heritage well in this battle, and were able to claim victory and a temporary respite from the Iapygian attacks. After this defeat the Iapygians would not challenge Taras again for nearly twenty years, but in 473 when they would again come against the Tarentines, they would come in overwhelming numbers.
Leo
Vlasto_68~1.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 510-500 BC. AR Incuse Nomos11 views8,03 g; 24 mm; 11 h
Phalanthos riding dolphin right, extending left arm, holding dolphin with right hand; crowning Nike to left; shell below
Rv. Incuse of obverse, but ethnic in relief.
HNItaly 826; Vlasto 68. The first issue of Tarentine coinage. Very rare. Lightly toned and in fine archaic style, extremely fine.

I got this great piece from an auction last fall and it was the most important acquisition for me.
Taras incuse stater is more compact and thicker than Kaulonia and Sybaris incuse stater. It was dibble (or triple) striked and the details were hard to detect. We can found slight trace on the Taras’s head and his left hand. I believe this is the reason that the pattern looks very sharp while the high points (such as dolphin’s eyes and tail ) are flat.

Dating from the late sixth century, this nomos shows Phalantus naked, riding a dolphin, expressing a motif destined for popular success in the coins of Taras: the dolphin brings Phalantus safe and sound across the sea (also evidenced by the presence of a pecten in the lower field of the coin), and conveys him to Italy, according to the dictate of the Delphic oracle. We learn from the Periegesis of Greece of Pausania (II cent. A.D.) that statues of Taras, Phalantus, and Phalantus’ dolphin (cf. Paus. X 13) were among the votive offerings (anathemata) presented to Delphi by the Tarantines with a fifth of the spoils taken from the Peucetii and the Iapygians. The reverse has the same representation as the obverse, in incuse, using a well-known technique of early coinage that was deployed at many other Southern Italian cities besides Taras
Leo
tarentumfouree1.jpg
Calabria, Taras. Fouree half stater.20 viewsCalabria, Taras. C4TH BC. half a fouree stater, AR plated around a significant AE core.
I guess whoever cut this coin wasn't too impressed to find it a forgery!
Obverse: Naked youth on horseback with spear
Reverse: Taras on dolphin, wreath 9mintmark?)
CANTANATRIX
Vlasto_938.jpg
Calabria, Taras. From Sir Arthur Evans Collection23 viewsc. 240-228 BC. AR Nomos, 6.39g (10h). Obv: Naked youth riding horse at full gallop right, holding torch behind him; in field to left monogram HPAK; below, ΔΑΙΜΑΧΟC. Rx: ΤΑ - ΡΑC in field under Taras astride dolphin left holding trident in left hand and kantharos in right; in field to right, monogram ANΔPE. Vlasto 938 (this coin). Evans, Tarentum (1889), p. 194, pl. X. 1 (this coin). Ex Vlasto Coll. 938, pl. XXX. From the Sir Arthur Evans Collection.Leo
Vlasto_1162.jpg
CALABRIA, Taras. Litra44 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-450 BC. Litra (Silver, 9mm, 0.80 g 6).
Scallop shell. Rev. Head of nymph to left. HN III 840. Vlasto 1162. A beautiful little coin, nicely toned. Good very fine.


Ex Schweizerischer Bankverein 29, 28 January 1992, 7.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_955-7.jpg
Calabria, Taras. Silver Nomos (5.92 g), ca. 240-228 BC.44 viewsXenokrates, magistrate. Dioskouros on horseback left, head facing, raising hand and holding rein; in right field, TP monogram and pileos; in two lines below, magistrate's name: [Ξ]E-NOKPA/T-HΣ. Reverse: TAPAΣ, Phalanthos riding dolphin left, head and torso facing, holding trident and lifting drapery; in right field, monogram; below, waves and cuttlefish. Vlasto 955-7; HN Italy 1058. Toned. Choice Very Fine.

The Hanbery Collection; Purchased privately from F. Kovacs in the 1980s
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_342.jpg
Calabria, Taras; AR Nomos. Circa 430-380 BC.11 views7.40g, 23mm, 9h.
Nude youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath and holding small round shield / Taras astride dolphin right, hurling trident (?) downwards to right; TAPAΣ upwards to left. Vlasto 342; HN Italy 850.

Very Fine. Lightly toned. Rare early type.
Leo
Vlasto-699.jpg
Calabria, Taras; c. 302-281 BC, Stater18 views7.73g. Vlasto-699, HN Italy-968. Obv: Youth on horseback galloping l., holding small shield behind him, EY behind, NIKOTTAΣ below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ, Taras astride dolphin l. hurling javelin, trident on shoulder; ΛY behind, hippocamp below.1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_692.jpg
Calabria, Taras; c. 302-281 BC, Stater12 views7.82g, 20mm, 3h.
Si... and Deinokrates, magistrates. Warrior, preparing to cast spear held in right hand, holding two spears and shield in left, on horse rearing right; [ΣI] to left, [ΔEINOKPATHΣ] below / Taras, holding small dolphin, astride dolphin left; TAPAΣ behind.
Vlasto 692-3; HN Italy 967.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto-651.jpg
Calabria, Taras; c. 332-302 BC, Stater33 views7.88g. Vlasto-651, HN Italy-941. Obv: Youth on horseback r. crowning horse. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ, Taras astride dolphin l., holding palm branch; helmet behind.. Choice VF2 commentsLeo
Vlasto-585.jpg
Calabria, Taras; c. 332-302 BC, Stater24 views7.70g. Vlasto-585, HN Italy-934. Obv: Youth on horseback r., stabbing downward with spear held in r. hand, two spears and round shield held behind him; ΣA below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ, Taras astride dolphin l., holding distaff, prow below.Some porosity in reverse field. VF1 commentsLeo
103002.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum186 viewsTaranto was founded in 706 BC by Dorian immigrants as the only Spartan colony, and its origin is peculiar: the founders were Partheniae, sons of unmarried Spartan women and perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta); these unions were decreed by the Spartans to increase the number of soldiers (only the citizens of Sparta could become soldiers) during the bloody Messenian Wars, but later they were nullified, and the sons were forced to leave. According to the legend Phalanthus, the Parthenian leader, went to Delphi to consult the oracle and received the puzzling answer that he should found a city where rain fell from a clear sky. After all attempts to capture a suitable place to found a colony failed, he became despondent, convinced that the oracle had told him something that was impossible, and was consoled by his wife. She laid his head in her lap and herself became disconsolate. When Phalanthus felt her tears splash onto his forehead he at last grasped the meaning of the oracle, for his wife's name meant clear sky. The harbour of Taranto in Apulia was nearby and he decided this must be the new home for the exiles. The Partheniae arrived and founded the city, naming it Taras after the son of the Greek sea god, Poseidon, and the local nymph Satyrion. A variation says Taras was founded in 707 BC by some Spartans, who, the sons of free women and enslaved fathers, were born during the Messenian War. According to other sources, Heracles founded the city. Another tradition indicates Taras himself as the founder of the city; the symbol of the Greek city (as well as of the modern city) is Taras riding a dolphin. Taranto increased its power, becoming a commercial power and a sovereign city of Magna Graecia, ruling over the Greek colonies in southern Italy.

In its beginning, Taranto was a monarchy, probably modelled on the one ruling over Sparta; according to Herodotus (iii 136), around 492 BC king Aristophilides ruled over the city. The expansion of Taranto was limited to the coast because of the resistance of the populations of inner Apulia. In 472 BC, Taranto signed an alliance with Rhegion, to counter the Messapii, Peuceti, and Lucanians (see Iapygian-Tarentine Wars), but the joint armies of the Tarentines and Rhegines were defeated near Kailìa (modern Ceglie), in what Herodotus claims to be the greatest slaughter of Greeks in his knowledge, with 3,000 Reggians and uncountable Tarentines killed. In 466 BC, Taranto was again defeated by the Iapyges; according to Aristotle, who praises its government, there were so many aristocrats killed that the democratic party was able to get the power, to remove the monarchy, inaugurate a democracy, and expel the Pythagoreans. Like Sparta, Tarentum was an aristocratic republic, but became democratic when the ancient nobility dwindled.

However, the rise of the democratic party did not weaken the bonds of Taranto and her mother-city Sparta. In fact, Taranto supported the Peloponnesian side against Athens in the Peloponnesian War, refused anchorage and water to Athens in 415 BC, and even sent ships to help the Peloponnesians, after the Athenian disaster in Sicily. On the other side, Athens supported the Messapians, in order to counter Taranto's power.

In 432 BC, after several years of war, Taranto signed a peace treaty with the Greek colony of Thurii; both cities contributed to the foundation of the colony of Heraclea, which rapidly fell under Taranto's control. In 367 BC Carthage and the Etruscans signed a pact to counter Taranto's power in southern Italy.

Under the rule of its greatest statesman, strategist and army commander-in-chief, the philosopher and mathematician Archytas, Taranto reached its peak power and wealth; it was the most important city of the Magna Graecia, the main commercial port of southern Italy, it produced and exported goods to and from motherland Greece and it had the biggest army and the largest fleet in southern Italy. However, with the death of Archytas in 347 BC, the city started a slow, but ineluctable decline; the first sign of the city's decreased power was its inability to field an army, since the Tarentines preferred to use their large wealth to hire mercenaries, rather than leave their lucrative trades.

In 343 BC Taranto appealed for aid against the barbarians to its mother city Sparta, in the face of aggression by the Brutian League. In 342 BC, Archidamus III, king of Sparta, arrived in Italy with an army and a fleet to fight the Lucanians and their allies. In 338 BC, during the Battle of Manduria, the Spartan and Tarentine armies were defeated in front of the walls of Manduria (nowadays in province of Taranto), and Archidamus was killed.

In 333 BC, still troubled by their Italic neighbours, the Tarentines called the Epirotic king Alexander Molossus to fight the Bruttii, Samnites, and Lucanians, but he was later (331 BC) defeated and killed in the battle of Pandosia (near Cosenza). In 320 BC, a peace treaty was signed between Taranto and the Samnites. In 304 BC, Taranto was attacked by the Lucanians and asked for the help of Agathocles tyrant of Syracuse, king of Sicily. Agathocles arrived in southern Italy and took control of Bruttium (present-day Calabria), but was later called back to Syracuse. In 303 BC-302 BC Cleonymus of Sparta established an alliance with Taranto against the Lucanians, and fought against them.

Arnold J. Toynbee, a classical scholar who taught at Oxford and other prestigious English universities and who did original and definitive work on Sparta (e.g. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. xxxiii 1913 p. 246-275) seemed to have some doubts about Tarentum (Taranto) being of Spartan origin.

In his book The Study of History vol. iii p. 52 he wrote: "...Tarentum, which claimed a Spartan origin; but, even if this claim was in accordance with historical fact..." The tentative phrasing seems to imply that the evidence is neither conclusive or even establishes a high degree of probability of the truth that Tarentum (Taranto) was a Spartan colony.

CALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 302-281 BC. AR Drachm (17mm, 2.91 gm). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmet decorated with Skylla hurling a stone / Owl standing right head facing, on olive branch; Vlasto 1058; SNG ANS 1312; HN Italy 1015. VF.

Ex-Cng eAuction 103 Lot 2 190/150
2 commentsecoli
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CALABRIA, TARENTUM73 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
3 commentslaney
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CALABRIA, TARENTUM58 views315 - 302 BC
AR DIDRACHM (NOMOS) 22 mm 7.84 g
O: Naked horseman galloping with lance and shield, SA beneath
R: TARAS Taras, with trident, riding dolphin; small dolphin below
Calabria, Tarentum
VLASTO 625
2 commentslaney
nomos_k.jpg
CALABRIA, Tarentum23 viewsAR didrachm or nomos, 20mm, 8.0g, 6h; c. 302-290 BC.
Obv.: Nude, helmeted warrior on horseback right, holding shield and two spears, thrusting spear downward; ΔAI below.
Rev.: Taras riding dolphin left, holding shield decorated with hippocamp and trident; ΦI to right, murex shell below, [TAPAΣ] to right.
Reference: Vlasto 594, SNG ANS 990, HN Italy 935 / 16-410-375
2 commentsJohn Anthony
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Calabria, Tarentum81 viewsPunic occupation half shekel

Nude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079; SNG France 2065; McGill II, 120 and Cote 591-93.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
calabria.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum (Taras) Circa 302-228 BC. AR Obol139 viewsCALABRIA, TARENTUM (TARAS) CIRCA 302-228 BC.AR OBOL (11 mm/0.50 gm) Kantharos Dolphin Var.
Kantharos flanked by two stars / Kantharos, dolphin right. Vlasto 1651 var. 11 mm. 0.50 gm.
1 commentsb70
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CALABRIA, TARENTUM, 302-280 BC86 viewsDidrachm, 22mm, 7.86g

O. Jockey on horse sprinting r.
R. Taras std on dolphin l, holding distaff & kantharos

Alexan Magistrate

Vlasto 697

Ex Washington Numismatic Gallery
5 commentsAZRobbo
Calabria,_Tarentum,_AR_Nomos_-_Spink___Sons_Ltd.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum, 334-330 BC, AR Didrachm 65 viewsNaked horseman crowning himself on stationary horse right, small ΣA and large Ionic capital beneath.
Taras holding sea snake and whip astride dolphin facing left, KO in lower right.

Fischer-Bossert group 75, 960-973; HN Italy 941-942; SNG ANS 1026; Vlasto 654-8; Evans V, E1 and McGill II, 57-58.

(20 mm, 12h).
Spink & Son Ltd, July 1988.
4 commentsn.igma
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS840.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.19 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 500-480 BC. AR Nomos (8.18 gm). Taras (Phalanthos) riding dolphin l., arms outstretched, cockle shell below, TAPA∫. / Hippocamp left. gVF. CNG 72 #73. SNG ANS 840; Fischer-Bossert group 7, 109b (V56/R71, 34 specimens known); Hermitage I 45; Hirsch 81; HN Italy 827; SNG Lloyd 117-118; SNG Cop 776; Vlasto 133 Ward 21 (all from same dies). cf HGC 1. 753.Christian T
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Calabria, Tarentum.14 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 280-272 BC. AR Nomos (6.58 gm). Youth on horseback r., crowning himself. ꞮΩ behind, ꞮAΛO (magistrates Zo-, Zalo-, and An-) and Ionic capital below. / Taras (Phalanthos) on dolphin l., holding distaff and aphlaston; ANΘ behind; TAPAΣ below. gVF. Ex. CNG Web Auction #1213202540. SNG ANS 1142ff; HN Italy 1014; HGC 1 888; SNG Cop 898-899; Vlasto 803ff.Christian T
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Calabria, Tarentum.18 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 281-272 BC. AR Nomos (6.51 gm) of Apulia. Boy on hoseback l., stg figure to l., crowning horse. ΓΥ in field to r., ΑΡΙ ΣΤΙ Π below to l. / Taras (ecist) on dolphin r., holding bow and arrow. Elephant in field to r., ΔΙ to l. VF. Bt. Coral Gables 2000. SNG ANS 1003; SNG Cop 883-884; HN Italy 1000; Vlasto 736; Sear 370.1 commentsChristian T
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Calabria, Tarentum.13 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 332-302 BC. AR Didrachm (7.63 gm). Helmeted horseman as armed ephebus r., raising spear, with two spears & shield behind. ΔAΙ below. / Taras or Phalanthos riding dolphin l. w/ trident & shield decorated with hippocamp, TAPAΣ to r., ΦΙ to l., murex shell below. nVF. Bt. Gables Coin, 1998. SNG ANS 990-993; Fischer-Bossert group 77, 1035; HN Italy 935; HGC 1 801; SNG Cop 845-846; SNG France 1820-3; Vlasto 594-596.Christian T
Calabria_Tarentum_SNG-ANS988.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum.36 viewsCalabria, Tarentum. 334-330 BC. AR Didrachm (7.78 gm). Helmeted horseman advancing r. with spear, holding shield and two spears; below magistrate ΦIΛI (Phili c. 290-281). / Taras (Phalanthos) on dolphin l., holding distaff and dolphin; ΦI to l. , ivy-leaf & TAPAΣ to r. , waves below. EF. Pegasi 121 #40. Ex Vlasto coll. SNG ANS 988-989 (same obverse die); Vlasto 589; HN Italy 934 (2); HGC 1 800; SNG Cop 842; Fischer-Bossert 1090.1 commentsChristian T
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CALABRIA, Tarentum. ca 281-209 BC. Æ 15mm.33 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. ca 281-209 BC. Æ 15mm. Scallop shell / TAPAN right, Taras astride dolphin left, holding kantharos in right hand, cornucopiae in left. Vlasto 1840; BMC 479; SNGCop 1085.ancientone
Vlasto_984.jpg
Calabria, Tarentum. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos54 views3.98gg. (5h). Obv: Naked youth on horseback right, holding reins and carrying filleted palm; ΣΩKAN - NAΣ below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm; eagle standing with wings spread behind; TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 984. HN Italy 1082. SNG ANS 1272. Perfectly struck; Mint State.
Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 130, 6 January 2003, lot 81.

Hannibal used the region around Tarentum and Metapontum as winter quarters during his occupation of southern Italy. He installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
3 commentsLeo
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Calabria,Taremtum. AR nomos 7.6gm32 viewsVlasto 661 / 302-281 BC
obv: nude youth on horseback, crowning horse.
rev:Taras on dolphin holding tripod,CAS below
2 commentshill132
Vlasto_169.jpg
Calabria. Taras circa 455 BC. Nomos AR28 views20mm., 8,11g.
[TAΡAΣ], Taras on dolphin right, both hands extended; pecten and octopus below / Phalanthos seated right on diphros draped with a fleece, holding kantharos in right hand, spindle in left.
very fine
Vlasto 169; SNG ANS -; McClean 549.
1 commentsLeo
Fischer-Bossert-1138.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. 332-302 BC. AR nomos37 views7.90g.
Obv: Naked youth on horseback r., crowning horse, AΠH below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Nude Taras astride dolphin l., holding out kantharos in r. hand, Φ behind.
Fischer-Bossert-1138 (V422/r880), Group 81.
Rare, fewer than ten recorded. Not in Vlasto or Evans.. Near Mint State
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_319.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. 425-380 BC. AR nomos57 views6.26 gm
Nude ephebe cantering left, holding bridle with both hands, ΛΕ (retrograde) beneath horse / TARAS, dolphin rider right, wielding trident and pointing with left hand.
HN Italy 850. Vlasto 319 (same dies).
Porous. Edge bump (8:00 obverse) and reverse scratches. Good very fine.

The aristocratic Tarentines were especially proud of their reputation as first-rate horsemen, and the coinage of Tarentum mirrors this pride by displaying all manner of equestrian showmanship. Some of the riders appear in full armor, and those must be cavalrymen in battle, but most appear nude: those riders are surely taking part in the various races and games that the aristocrats loved so much. One of the more dangerous, and most prestigious, of the races was the kalpé. In this form of race the rider would, at a certain stage, slide off his horse and, while holding the reins, run along side. The Tarentine staters show several stages in the process. On this coin we see the very beginning: the rider places his left hand on the horse’s rump and has moved his right hand from the right to the left side of the his horse’s head. On the next lot we see him moving his right leg up over the horse’s back; on other coins (not here) we see both legs stretched out on the left side of the horse just before the rider leaps to the ground. For a short discussion of this event see Sport, p. 79. The actual process of getting off the horse was termed apobates. There are many examples of the initial stages of the apobates to be found in this rich collection.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_943.jpg
Calabria. Taras. c. 240-228 BC. Nomos30 views6.57g.
Obv: Hippokontist in close fitting lorica hurling javelin on horseback. ΟΛΥΜΠΙΣ beneath horse; wreath in left field.
Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Taras on dolphin holding cornucopiae and kantharos; tripod to his left.
Vlasto Coll. 943 (same dies). HN Italy 1055. EF.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_498.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Ca. 332-302 BC. AR stater20 views22mm, 7.80 gm, 6h
Youth riding horse r., crowning horse; at l., flying Nike holding wreath, below the horse, ΣIM, Rv. TAPAΣ, oecist riding dolphin l., holding kantharos and trident; below, |-HP and waves.
Vlasto 498-507; HNItaly 886; SNG Copenhagen 823;" SNG ANS -.
Cabinet tone, minor scratches.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_626.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Ca. 332-302 BC. AR stater19 views21mm, 7.75 gm, 8h. NGC XF 5/5 - 2/5.
Sa-, Her- and Hr, magistrates. Warrior on horseback rearing right, shield and two spears in left hand, preparing to cast a third in right; ΣA below / ΤΑΡΑΣ, Taras astride dolphin right, bow and arrows outward in left hand, spear forward in right; ?HP and HP monogram below.
HN Italy 938. Vlasto 626-33.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_518.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Ca. 380-334 BC. AR stater18 views21mm, 7.79 gm, 1h
NGC XF. Ephebos, naked but for helmet, carrying long spear and large round shield, standing to front behind bridled horse, horizontal T before / TAPAΣ, Taras holding trident and round shield seated sideways on dolphin swimming left over stylized waves, A below.
Vlasto 518 . HN Italy 889.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_665.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 290-281 BC. Stater30 viewsSilver, 21 mm, 7.95 g, 3 h
ΣA Nude rider on horse prancing to right, holding whip.
Rev. TAPAΣ / ⊢H Phalanthos seated astride dolphin to left, holding kantharos; behind, caduceus.
Fischer-Bossert 803-805 (V402/R816). HN III 947. Vlasto 665 (same obverse die).
A particularly elegant coin. Reverse struck slightly off-center. Extremely fine.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_607.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 302-280 BC. Nomos38 viewsSilver, 22 mm, 7.82 g, 9 h
Nude rider on horse galloping to right, stabbing with spear held in his right hand and holding two other spears and shield with his left; below, ΣΑ.
Rev. ΤΑΡΑΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding kantharos in his right hand and trident with his left; to left, K; below, dolphin.
HN Italy 937. Vlasto 607.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1364.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 325-280 BC. Diobol17 viewsSilver, 11.5 mm, 1.13 g, 3 h
Head of Athena to left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a wing.
Rev. Herakles kneeling to left with his head and body turned to right, holding his club in his right hand and the Nemean lion with his left; in the exergue, E. Cf.
HN III 976 & Vlasto 1364.
A toned example with an interesting depiction of Herakles's struggle with the lion. Rough areas on the obverse, otherwise, very fine.
Leo
Vlasto_527.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 340-335 BC. Nomos13 views22 mm, 7.75 g, 1 h
Nude youth riding horse walking to right; before, nude youth restraining or comforting it; above, Nike flying right to crown the rider; below horse, Z.
Rev. TAPAΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding jug in his right hand and resting his left on the dolphin; to upper right, K.
HN Italy 892. Vlasto 527. A lovely and interesting issue. Very fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_410.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 365-355 BC. AR Nomos 53 views21 mm, 7.89 g, 2 h
Youthful nude jockey riding horse standing right; to right, bearded herm left; below horse, TH. Rev. TAΡ[AΣ] Phalantos, with wild flowing hair, riding dolphin left, holding oinochoe in right hand. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin). Vlasto 410 (same obverse die). Beautifully toned and of fine style. Minor areas of flatness, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Prof. Langlotz Collection, Auctiones AG 23, 17-18 June 1993, 185.

This is a particularly charming depiction of the hero Phalanthos, with wild waving hair and an impish smile, indicating how much he is enjoying the dolphin ride.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_497.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 380-340 BC, Nomos14 viewsA very rare didrachm or nomos from Tarentum
Silver, 21 mm, 7.73 g, 1 h
Nude warrior, holding bridles with his right hand and carrying small round shield with his left, about to dismount from horse to left; below horse, Λ; all within circle of waves. Rev. TAPAΣ Youthful oikist, nude, riding dolphin to left, holding trident in his right hand and placing his left on the tail of the dolphin; all within circle of waves.
Fischer-Bossert 629. HN Italy 885. Vlasto 497.
Very rare. An unusual issue of splendid style. Very fine.
Leo
Vlasto_155.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. Drachm20 viewsSilver, 16 mm, 4.01 g, 6 h
TAPAS (retrograde) Forepart of hippocamp to right; below, scallop shell.
Rev. Diademed head of Satyra to right, her hair tied in a bun at the back; behind neck A.
HN III 839. Vlasto 155.
Very rare early variety; toned. Very fine.

From the Vineyard Collection, ex Numismatica Ars Classica M, 20 March 2002, 2033.
Leo
Vlasto_1097-1098.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Drachm (Circa 272-240 BC).13 viewsObv: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with Skylla hurling stone.
Rev: NIKOKPATHΣ / TA.
Owl standing right on Ionic capital.
Vlasto 1097.
Condition: Extremely fine.
Weight: 3.1 g.
Diameter: 13 mm.
Leo
Vlasto_32.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Intervention of Pyrrhus, Ca. 280-272 BC. AV half-stater16 views15mm, 4.25 gm, 3h
Head of young Heracles right, wearing lion skin headdress, paws tied before neck.
TAPANTINΩN, Taras driving biga right, trident in right hand, reins in left; NIKAP above, two amphorae between horse's forelegs.
HN Italy 985. Vlasto 32 (same dies). Fischer-Bossert G 31g.
Ex Harlan Berk, Buy or Bid Sale 76 (23 February 1993)
Leo
Vlasto_1628.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Obol (Circa 280-228 BC).22 views9mm, 0.64g, 7h
Kantharos; five pellets around. R/ Kantharos; V to l., five pellets around.
Cf. Vlasto 1628; HN Italy 1076.
Toned, VF
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_43.jpg
CALABRIA. Taras. Time of Pyrrhus (ca. 280 BC). AV 10th stater30 views11mm, 0.85 gm, 5h
Head of young Heracles right, wearing lion skin headdress / TAPAΣ, Taras astride dolphin left, holding cantharus in extended right hand and trident cradled in left arm.
Vlasto 43. SNG ANS 1401. HN Italy 992.
Very rare! Exceptionally well struck and pleasing, with reddish tone in deep recesses.
3 commentsLeo
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Calabria. Tarentum. (Circa 332-302 BC)37 viewsAR Nomos (21 mm, 7.76 g)

Obverse: Warrior, preparing to cast spear held in right hand, holding two spears and shield in left, on horse rearing right; ΣA below

Reverse: Taras, holding kantharos in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm, astride dolphin left; AP to left, TAPAΣ (Taras) to right; below, small dolphin left.

Vlasto 614-20; HN Italy 937.
2 commentsNathan P
Taras_Stater.jpg
Calabria. Tarentum. Ar Didrachm. C. 272-240 BC. SCARCE. 78 viewsObv; Nude youth on horseback.
Rev; Taras astride dolphin; owl behind.
SNG Ans 1165ff.
Good silver and surfaces.
6.53g.
19mm.

Ex Den of Antiquity
4 commentsPhiloromaos
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Calabria. Tarentum. Nomos (Circa 302-280 BC)27 viewsAR Nomos

21 mm, 7.78 g

Obv: Youth, holding shield, on horse rearing left; ΣΛ to right, ΦΙΛΩΝ below.
Rev: TAPAΣ.
Phalanthos, holding crowning Nike, riding dolphin left; waves below.

Vlasto 684-5; HN Italy 964.

In Greek mythology, Phalanthos (Φάλανθος) is a divine hero, the leader of the Spartan Partheniae and the founder of Taranto. In Ancient Greece, the Partheniae or Parthenians were a lower ranking Spartiate population which, according to tradition, left Laconia to go to Magna Graecia and founded Taras, modern Taranto, in the current region of Apulia, in southern Italy. In Greek mythology, Phalanthos is a divine hero, and the leader of the Spartan Partheniae.

At least three distinct traditions carry the origins of the Parthenians. The oldest is that of Antiochus of Syracuse, according to which the Spartiates, during the first Messenian war (end of the 8th century BC), had rejected like cowards those who had not fought, along with their descendants:

"Antiochus says that, during the Messenian war, those Lacedemonians which did not take part with the mission shall be declared as slaves and called Helots; as for the children born during the mission, we shall call them Parthenians and deny them of all legal rights."

The Parthenians were therefore the first tresantes ("trembling"), a category which gathers the cowards and thus excludes themselves from the community of the Homoioi, the Peers. Thereafter, Parthenians plotted against the Peers and, discovered, would have been driven out of Sparta, from which they departed for Italy and founded Taras, whose date is traditionally fixed in 706 BC - which archaeology does not deny.

In the second tradition, according to Ephorus (4th century BC), the Spartiates swore during the Messenian War, not to return home as long as they had not attained victory. The war prolonged and Sparta's demography being threatened, the Spartiates let the young Spartans who had not sworn the oath return home. These were ordered to copulate with all the girls available. The children who were born from these unions were named Parthenians. Their mothers, since they were compelled by the state to procreate, were legally considered unmolested and fit to marry once the war was over.

Lastly, a third tradition, made the Parthenians bastards who had resulted from the unions of Spartan women and their slaves, always during the Messenian war. The same tradition is told to explain the origins of Locri, also in Magna Graecia.
Nathan P
Vlasto_894.jpg
CALABRIEN, Taras, AR Nomos,BC 272/24011 views6.4 g, 20 mm_
Obv: Warrior, holding shield and spear, on horse rearing right; ΔΙ to left; ΑΠΟΛΛ/ΩΝΙΟΣ in two lines below. Rev: TAPAΣ. Phalanthos, holding trident, riding dolphin left; to left, crowning Nike flying right; waves below.
Vlasto 894-8; HN Italy 1038.
Condition: Very fine.
Leo
Cn__Lentulus_Q.jpg
Cn. Cornelius P.f. Lentulus Marcellinus -AR denarius11 views²Taras or Brundisium
¹Spain
²late 75 BC
¹76-75 BC
diademed bust of Genius Populi Romani right, scepter across shoulder
G·P·R
wreathed scepter, globe, rudder
EX _ S·C
CN·LEN·Q
¹Crawford 393/1a; SRCV I 323; Sydenham 752, RSC I Cornelia 54, Russo RBW 1432
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,9g
ex Roma Numismatics

Moneyer struck this coin as questor of proconsul Pompey when he was sent to support Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius in lenghty war against Sertorius in Spain. Moneyer became consul in 56 BC.
Johny SYSEL
Corinth_Melikertes.JPG
Corinth, Corinthia17 views14-37 AD (Reign of Tiberius)
AE Semis (14mm, 3.03g)
O: Pegasus flying right.
R: Melikertes naked, swimming with dolphin left, left hand holding dorsal fin.
Amandry XVI63
ex Agora Auctions

Melikertes was the mortal son of Ino who, while fleeing from her insane husband, flung herself and her son into the ocean from a high cliff near Megara. The two were immediately transformed into sea dieties, and Melikertes was brought ashore to Corinth by a dolphin. Melikertes became Palaimon the patron of sailors, and identified with the Roman god of harbors Portunus.
Melikertes is sometimes depicted with a fish tail and has been associated with the Phoenician god Malquart. It is very easy to see an iconographic similarity between Melikertes and Arion of Corinth or Phalanthos of Taras.
Enodia
EB0007_scaledb.JPG
EB0007 Youth on horseback / Taras on dolphin40 viewsTarentum, CALABRIA, AR Nomos, 281-272 BC.
Obverse: Naked youth on horseback right crowning himself; IΩ behind, ZAΛO and Ionic capital below.
Reverse: Taras astride dolphin, holding distaff and akrostolion; AN behind.
References: VLASTO 803, Evans VII, G1; SNG France 1924-25; Cote 420 and McGill II, 87-89.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.602g.
3 commentsEB
EB0010_scaledb.JPG
EB0010 Youth on horseback / Taras on dolphin35 viewsTarentum, CALABRIA, AR Nomos, 272-235 BC.
Obverse: Youth on horseback left crowning horse; ΦΙΛΩ/ΤΑΣ in two lines below, ΔΙ above.
Reverse: Taras on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff; cock behind.
References: VLASTO 847, SNG France 2009, SNG ANS 1176, Evans VIII, A11 and McGill II, 96.
Diameter: 20mm, Weight: 6.123g.
2 commentsEB
LarryW2404.jpg
GG, Taras, c. 280 BC (Time of Pyrrhos)171 viewsGold quarter-stater, 11.7mm, 2.13g, aVF
Laureate head Apollo to right, with long hair; AP behind / Eagle with wings spread standing half left atop wingless fulmen; AP and TAPANTINΩN before. RCOA
Ex: Hess-Leu, 27th March 1956, lot 12
Fischer-Bossert p. 370, G59g and pl. 68 (this coin); HN Italy 986; Vlasto 49; SNG ANS 1043
4 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
Gold_Tara,_Vijayanagar_feudatory_in_Uttara_Kannada,_Saluva_dynasty_(1486-1505),_South_India2.jpg
Gold Tara, Vijayanagar feudatory in Uttara Kannada, Saluva dynasty (1486-1505), South India82 viewsGold Tara (or half-fanam). Deer standing left, semi-circle with a dot inside above (crescent moon and star?) / Brahmi letter "Ra" (corrupt and only partially seen). 5mm, 0.25 grams. Unpublished.

These coins are published as silver taras, but are seemingly unknown in gold. They (in silver) are sometimes found in the Uttara Kannada (Gerusoppe region) where the feudatory dynasty of Vijayanagara the Saluva ruled. The short-lived Saluva dynasty included only 2 rulers - Narasimha Saluva (1486-1492) and Immadi Narasimha (1492-1505).

Antonio Protti
Gold_Tara,_Vijayanagar_feudatory_in_Uttara_Kannada,_Saluva_dynasty_(1486-1505),_South_India.jpg
Gold Tara, Vijayanagar feudatory in Uttara Kannada, Saluva dynasty (1486-1505), South India82 viewsGold Tara (or half-fanam). Deer standing left, semi-circle with a dot inside above (crescent moon and star?) / Brahmi letter "Ra" (corrupt and only partially seen). 5mm, 0.25 grams. Unpublished.

These coins are published as silver taras, but are seemingly unknown in gold. They (in silver) are sometimes found in the Uttara Kannada (Gerusoppe region) where the feudatory dynasty of Vijayanagara the Saluva ruled. The short-lived Saluva dynasty included only 2 rulers - Narasimha Saluva (1486-1492) and Immadi Narasimha (1492-1505).


Antonio Protti
Tarentum.jpg
Greek - Calabria, Tarentum4 viewsMetal/Size: AR19; Weight: 7.45 grams; Denomination: Drachm; Mint: Tarentum, Calabria; Date: 380-355 BCE; Obverse: Young naked rider leading his horse to the left. Below horse, palladium. Reverse: Phalanthos riding a dolphin on the left, right hand stretched. Below P/TAPAΣ (Taras). References: Vlasto #425 (same right corner); SNG ANS #918 (same right corner); Fischer-Bossert #489 (same right corner).museumguy
Bactria,_Menander_I_165-130_BC_AR_Drachm_.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Menander I, ca. 165/155-130 BC, AR Drachm - Bopearachchi Serie 16E230 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤHΡΟΣ MENANΔΡΟΥ Helmeted, diademed and draped bust right. / Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa, (a Karoshthi legend ) Athena Alkidemos standing left, holding shield on outstretched arm, while hurling thunderbolt; to right PKA monogram.
Mitchiner 218b; Bopearachchi Serie 16E; SNG ANS 868 - 874; Sear 7601.
(19 mm, 2.46 g, 12h)
6 commentsLloyd T
Taras_Didrakme.jpg
GREEK, Calabria Taras. Didrachm.53 viewsCalabria Taras. Didrachm.
315-302 BC. 7,86 g.

Ex: Oslo Mynthandel 65
Jan Terje R
6Xnnj7SNLb9BiTf48PYoTBg53x9AcH.jpg
Greek, Calabria Tarentum AR Didrachm circa 345-334 BC 7.77 g Fischer-Bossert 733b this coin106 viewsNaked horseman on prancing horse right,lancing downwards with right hand,behind large shield and two more lances,the whole within a beaded border.In field to left A and to right |-,beneath horse KAA,RevTaras astride dolphin,a creasted helmet between his hands,with his head slightly bowed towards it,below KAA.
ex ARS Classica-Naville 12,1926 lot 230
ex Hirsch 26, 1910 lot 191
Grant H
FotorCreated~34.jpg
GREEK, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Stater circa 340-335 BC 23mm 7.87g 1h.Coin World Vol 57 Issue 2952 Page 112-113 The Horsemen of Taras by David Vagi133 viewsNude youth on horseback right,holding rein in left hand,crowning horse with wreath held in right hand,to left.Nike flying right placing fillet on head of youth,AP below.Rev Phalanthos nude riding sideways on dolphin right,head turned slightly left ,spearing cuttlefish below with trident held in right hand.KA monogram to left TAPAE to right,all encircled by waves.
Fischer-Bossert Group 54,717 {V267-R561}Vlasto 501.Good VF lightly toned struck from artistic dies on a broad flan.Very rare issue,only ten examples noted by Fischer-Bossert,four of which are in museums {Berlin{2}Copenhagen,London.
1 commentsGrant H
D0814.jpg
GREEK, Calabria, Tarentum, Nomos60 viewsCalabria, Tarentum
290 – 281 BCE
AR Nomos – 7.81 gms

Obv: Nude ephebus on horse rearing r., spearing downward with right hand and holding round shield and two spare javelins in left, ΣA under horse
Rev: TAPAΣ, Taras riding dolphin left, extending right hand and holding distaff in left, pellet in l. field, prow left below

SNG ANS 985-6, Vlasto 586-7
4 commentsdlyumkis
Vlasto_410~0.jpg
Greek, CALABRIA. Taras. Circa 365-355 BC. AR Nomos. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin)109 viewsYouthful nude jockey riding horse standing right; to right, bearded herm left; below horse, TH. Rev. TAΡ[AΣ] Phalantos, with wild flowing hair, riding dolphin left, holding oinochoe in right hand. Fischer-Bossert 564b (this coin). Vlasto 410 (same obverse die). Beautifully toned and of fine style. Minor areas of flatness, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Prof. Langlotz Collection, Auctiones AG 23, 17-18 June 1993, 185.

This is a particularly charming depiction of the hero Phalanthos, with wild waving hair and an impish smile, indicating how much he is enjoying the dolphin ride.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1139_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #113914 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Tritemorion(?) (0.47 g).
Female head left / Three crescents facing outward around central pellet. Vlasto 1139 (this coin); HN Italy 924. Near VF, toned, cleaning marks. Apparently unique.

From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. Ex Spink Numismatic Circular CVIII.4 (August 2000), no. 2874; M.P. Vlasto Collection, 1139; Nervenga Collection (Sambon, 18 November 1907), lot 381.
Leo
Vlasto_1229~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #122911 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. 380-334 BC. AR Diobol
0.83 gm
Horse galloping / Taras on dolphin.
Vlasto.1229. SNG.ANS.1356. Toned VF, some corrosion.
Rare. ex Vlasto collection.
Leo
Vlasto_1297_(this_coin)~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #129769 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.19 g, 11h).
Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet decorated with hippocamp / Herakles kneeling right, holding club, battling the Nemean Lion. Vlasto 1297 (this coin); HN Italy 911. VF, toned, obverse off center. Good metal.
Leo
Vlasto_140~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #14064 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos
18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto-915~1.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #915117 viewsTaras 272-240 BC Nomos
Calabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g(new standard of weight compared with the old 7.5g). HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY).
Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.

I appreciate to have this coin. It is from M.P. Vlasto collection.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_938~0.jpg
Greek, Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto #938155 viewsCalabria, Taras. From Sir Arthur Evans Collection
c. 240-228 BC. AR Nomos, 6.39g (10h). Obv: Naked youth riding horse at full gallop right, holding torch behind him; in field to left monogram HPAK; below, ΔΑΙΜΑΧΟC. Rx: ΤΑ - ΡΑC in field under Taras astride dolphin left holding trident in left hand and kantharos in right; in field to right, monogram ANΔPE. Vlasto 938 (this coin). Evans, Tarentum (1889), p. 194, pl. X. 1 (this coin). Ex Vlasto Coll. 938, pl. XXX. From the Sir Arthur Evans Collection.
3 commentsLeo
taras2.jpg
GREEK, Fouree Plate Coin!358 viewsTaras --AE Fouree stater (Ex Vlasto). 334-330BC. Boy on horse prancing right/Taras on dolphin left,helmet in right field. Ravel 653 (this coin). 2 commentsfeatherz
Vlasto_437_(these_dies)~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria , Taras (c.380-340 B.C.), Silver Nomos125 views7.65g.
Obv:Naked ephebos, holding a small round shield and a lance, vaulting from a cantering horse left, ├ below horse.
Rev: TAPAΣ , Taras as an ephebos seated astride dolphin to left, holding a Corinthian helmet in his right hand and leaning on the back of the dolphin with his left, I and waves below (Fischer-Bossert 657 (V252/R509); Vlasto 437 (these dies); SNG ANS 929 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 169). An almost invisible metal-flaw on reverse, of charming style, attractively toned, about extremely fine.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_713.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras203 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.37g)
Sostratos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spears in left hand and thrusting spear downward with right; [Γ]Y (engraver) behind, ΣΩΣTP - ATOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopia in left hand and Nike with laurel wreath in right; ΠOΛY to left, thunderbolt to right, T-APA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 713 / Evans VII, A2 / Cote 371-72 / SNG ANS 1084 / HN Italy 1001
ex CNG

Taras was foremost in resisting Roman influence during the third century, forming an alliance with Metapontum and supporting Pyrrhus of Epirus in his war against Rome from 281-275 BC.
3 commentsEnodia
Taras_V_703_x200.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras164 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7,67g)
Nikon magistrate.
O: Naked ephebe dismounting left, holding shield and spear in left hand; EY (engraver) above, [NI]KΩN (magistrate) below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding ear of grain; API (engraver) to left, TAPAΣ to right, spearhead below.
Vlasto 703 / Evans VI, E2 / Cote 342 / HN Italy 969.
Scarce
ex John Jencek

The didrachm was reduced from c. 7.5g to c. 6.5g after 281 to help pay for Pyrrhus' campaigns against the Romans. However the spearhead on the reverse is an Epirote symbol, making this one of the last coins struck on the old standard.
2 commentsEnodia
V836.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras154 views272-240 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance)
AR Didrachm (18mm, 6.6g)
Lykinos magistrate.
O: Naked boy on horse pacing left, placing wreath on horse's head; ΣY (engraver) above, AYKI - NOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, hurling trident with right hand, chlamys wrapped around left arm; owl behind; TA-PA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 836 / Evans VIII, A8 / Cote 473 / SNG ANS 1165 / SNG Cop 916 / SNG France 1999 / HN Italy 1025 / Sear 374v
ex Olympvs Coins

Following Pyrrhus’ withdrawal Taras was forced to submit to a Roman garrison in 272 BC, the period of this coin.

2 commentsEnodia
Taras_2.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras155 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.44g)
Apollo(...) magistrate.
O: Warrior in crested helmet on horse cantering left, carrying large round shield and two spears; ΞΩ behind, [AΠOΛΛΩ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras (of the plump Dionysiac type) riding dolphin left, holding bunch of grapes in extended right hand, distaff over left shoulder; ANΘ to right, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 789-91 / Evans VII, F2 or F6 / Cote 413 / SNG ANS 1131-1133 / HN Italy 1013

This plump rendition of Taras, differing greatly from previous images, is actually meant to represent a young Iacchus, the son of Dionysus and Persephone, and signifies the influence of the chthonic cult of Dionysus upon the religion of Taras.
Enodia
Vlasto_594~0.JPG
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras138 views330-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.98g).
O: Naked warrior in crested helmet on horse prancing right, spearing downward with right hand, shield and two extra spears in left; ΔΑΙ below. R: Naked ephebe riding dolphin left, holding trident over shoulder with right hand and shield decorated with hippocamp in left; ΦΙ to left, ΤΑΡΑΣ to right, murex shell below.
Vlasto 594; Cote 239; Evans V, B5; Fischer-Bossert 1022a; HN Italy 935; SNG ANS 991.
ex Heidelberger Munzhandlung.
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_509~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras (c. 344-340 B.C.), Silver Stater.90 views8.03g., 2h
Naked youth on a horse pacing right, crowning the horse with a wreath held in his extended right hand, K(KAA?) and an upright club below the horse, rev. TAP-A-Σ, Phalanthos riding on a dolphin left, holding a kantharos in his extended right hand, and a trident and a shield in his left, Ω below dolphin's tail, waves below.
Fischer-Bossert, Group 49, 685 (V260/R532); Vlasto 509 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 173 (these dies); SNG ANS 960; HN Italy 887. An exceptional example, well-struck from fresh dies and perfectly centred on a flan of good metal, extremely fine and most attractive.
From Sovereign Rarities (2018)

The "K" or "KAL" engraver was one of the finest Greek masters working in the 4th century. His work though rare, can also be found on coins from Heraklea, Metapontion, and Thouroi.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1455-1459~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras (Tarentum). ca. 280-228 B.C. AR diobol54 viewsCALABRIA. Tarentum. Ca. 280-228. AR diobol (0.97 gm).
Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with Scylla / Infant Heracles strangling snakes; thunderbolt in exergue. HN Italy 1068. SNG ANS 1473. Obverse somewhat off-center, but otherwise Extremely Fine.
Leo
Vlasto_883~1.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-240 BC.6 views6.50g, 20mm, 2h.
Nikokra- and N-, magistrates. Nude horseman galloping right, brandishing spear in right hand, shield and two spears on left arm; N behind, NIKO-KΡA in two lines below.
Taras, nude, astride dolphin to right, holding crested helmet with both hands; TAΡAΣ behind, Ionic capital below.
Vlasto 883; SNG ANS 1203.

Good Extremely Fine; attractive old cabinet tone. Very Rare.
Leo
Vlasto_701~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 281-270 BC.9 views7.85g, 23mm, 6h.
Rider dismounting from horse left, holding spear and shield; EY in right field, [NIK]ΩΝ below horse
Taras seated astride dolphin left, holding barley ear in right hand and resting left on dolphin's back; API before, TAPAΣ behind, spearhead below.
Vlasto 701-3; HN Italy 969; SNG ANS 1078.

Extremely Fine; lustrous metal.
1 commentsLeo
normal_Vlasto_379ff~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras AR Nomos. Circa 390-385 BC.15 views6.98g, 23mm, 8h.
Nude warrior on horseback left, holding reins in right hand, small round shield on left arm; A below / Taras astride dolphin left; P and ΤΑΡΑΣ below. Vlasto 379ff; HN Italy 869; SNG ANS 900.
Good Fine.
Leo
Vlasto_255~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras Oecist Stater128 viewsCalabria, Taras
425-415 BC, Nomos, 7.99g. Fischer-Bossert-279 (V127/R212), Vlasto-255.
Obv: Phalantos naked and ithyphallic riding dolphin left; extending right hand and holding cuttlefish in left hand.
Rx: Oecist naked to waist, seated left on stool and balancing distaff on right hand, a lekythos on his left wrist.

Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 13. Ex NAC 10, 9 April 1997, lot 17. Ex M&M Basel 10, 1951, lot 161. With interesting and unusual types: Phalantos holds cuttlefish on obverse, while on reverse Taras(or Oecist?) is shown seated rather than on horseback. Nicely centered and well struck, except for Phalantos' head on obverse; rare; beautifully toned. EF
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_634-47~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras, AR Nomos107 viewsCirca 315-302 BC. AR Nomos (21mm, 8.04 g, 11h).

Warrior, preparing to cast spear held aloft in right hand, holding two spears and shield with left hand, on horse rearing right; Ξ to left, API below / Phalanthos, nude, holding kantharos in extended right hand and cradling oar in left arm, riding dolphin left; KΛ to left, TAPAΣ to right. Fischer-Bossert Group 74a, 914 (V357/R709); Vlasto 638; HN Italy 939; SNG ANS 1016 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; BMC 208 (same dies); Pozzi 123 (same obv. die). Very rare in this quality. Excellent style. Beautiful patina. Extremely fine.
Ex Hess-Divo 329 (17 November 2015), lot 6; Leu 91 (10 May 2004), lot 15.

The obverse of this nomos depicts an example of the mercenary cavalrymen for which Taras became famous in the Hellenistic period. The Tarentine cavalryman is believed to have been the first mounted warrior of the Greek world to carry a shield. This novelty made him popular in the armies of Hellenistic kings and led to the training of cavalrymen in the Tarentine style.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1603~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras, AR Obol 281-23542 viewsAR Obol 281-235 v. Chr.
weight 0,75gr. | silver Ø 10mm.
obv.Scallop-shell
rev. Naked Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff,
AP-monogram right, MI-monogram below
BMC- | SNG.Copenhagen- | SNG.München 782 | Vlasto 1603
SNG.Paris 2179 | SNG.ANS.1534 R
very attractive coin with fine details
xf-/vf+
Leo
Vlasto-915.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Taras. 272-240 BC Nomos72 viewsCalabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g. HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY). Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.
Leo
Vlasto_941~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. AR Nomos. Circa 240-228 BC.43 views6.56g, 21mm, 11 h
Zopyrion, magistrate. Nude youth on horseback to right, ΖΩΠΥΡΙΩΝ below; below forelegs, ΣΩ above bukranion / Taras astride dolphin to left, holding hippocamp in extended right hand, trident against left arm; monogram and mask of Silenos right, TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 941; HN Italy 1054.
Extremely Fine; a beautiful reverse composition. Very Rare.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_320~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. AR Nomos. Circa 415-405 BC.41 views22mm, 7.88 g, 9h
Nude rider seated right on horse, which he crowns; kerykeion to right, ΛA in exergue / Phalanthos, nude, extending his hand, riding dolphin right.
Fischer-Bossert Group 21, 297 (V134/R229); Vlasto 320–1 (same dies); HN Italy 851; SNG Copenhagen 803 (same dies); SNG Lloyd 150 (same dies); SNG Lockett 351 (same dies); Hirsch 190 (same dies); Dewing 137 (same dies).
Even light gray tone, with iridescence around the devices, a few marks under tone on obverse, light scuffs under tone and die flaw on reverse. Near EF. Very rare.

From the Matthew Curtis Collection. Ex William N. Rudman Collection (Triton V, 15 January 2002), lot 1040.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto_704~0.jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280 BC. AR Nomos113 views(22.5mm, 7.74 g, 1h).
Youth on horse galloping right; EY to left, NIKOΔAMO[Σ] below / Phalanthos, holding kantharos and distaff, riding dolphin left; ZOP and gazelle below. Vlasto 704; cf. HN Italy 970/958. Near EF, deep iridescent tone, a hint of porosity. Well centered on a broad flan.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_140~1.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 470-465 BC. AR Nomos40 views18.5mm, 8.05 g, 7h
Taras, nude, raising left hand and supporting himself with his right, riding dolphin right; TARAS (retrograde) to left, scallop shell below / Head of nymph (Satyra?) left in linear circle within concave incuse. Fischer-Bossert Group 5, 91b (V41/R60) = Vlasto 140 (this coin, illustrated in both references); HN Italy 838; Berlin 65 (same dies). VF, old cabinet tone, a few marks.

From the Gasvoda Collection. Ex M. L. Collection of Coins of Magna Graecia and Sicily (Numismatica Ars Classica 82, 20 May 2015), lot 4; A. D. Moretti Collection; Classical Numismatic Group 40 (with Numismatica Ars Classica, 4 December 1996), lot 575; Hess-Leu [11] (24 March 1959), lot 5; Kricheldorf IV (7 October 1957), lot 26; Münzen und Medaillen AG VIII (8 December 1949), lot 696; Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; Maddalena Collection (Sambon & Canessa, 7 May 1903), lot 244.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_68(2).jpg
GREEK, ITALY, CALABRIA, Taras. Circa 510-500 BC. AR Incuse Nomos37 views8,03 g; 24 mm; 11 h
Phalanthos riding dolphin right, extending left arm, holding dolphin with right hand; crowning Nike to left; shell below
Rv. Incuse of obverse, but ethnic in relief.
HNItaly 826; Vlasto 68. The first issue of Tarentine coinage. Very rare. Lightly toned and in fine archaic style, extremely fine. According to Vlasto, it is the last type of the Tarentine incuse series.

I got this great piece from an auction last fall and it was the most important acquisition for me.
This Taras incuse stater is more compact and thicker than Kaulonia and Sybaris incuse staters. It was double (or triple) striked and the details were hard to detect. We can found slight trace on the Taras’s head and his left hand. I believe this is the reason that the pattern looks very sharp while the high points (such as dolphin’s eyes and tail ) are flat.
Leo
Vlasto_984~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos21 views3.98g. (5h). Obv: Naked youth on horseback right, holding reins and carrying filleted palm; ΣΩKAN - NAΣ below. Rx: Taras astride dolphin left, holding aphlaston in extended right hand, cradling trident in left arm; eagle standing with wings spread behind; TAPAΣ below. Vlasto 984. HN Italy 1082. SNG ANS 1272. Perfectly struck; Mint State.
Ex Philip T. Ashton Collection. Ex Berk 130, 6 January 2003, lot 81.
Hannibal used the region around Tarentum and Metapontum as winter quarters during his occupation of southern Italy. He installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
Leo
Vlasto_976.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Taras. Time of Hannibal, c. 212-209 BC. Nomos32 views3.34 gm. Magistrate Sogenes. Nude youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below / Taras astride dolphin left, holding cornucopia and Nike, who crowns him with wreath. Vlasto 975-7. HN Italy 1079. Struck on a broad flan and attractively toned. Extremely Rare.
The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
1 commentsLeo
672876_m.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum AR stater 281-270 BC 7.84g141 viewsNaked Horseman on prancing horse,to right spearing downward with right hand,and holding shield and two more spears with left hand,FIL{OTAS} below.Rev TAPAE in field to right, Young nude Taras riding dolphin left,holding bunch of grapes and distaff,in upper left field EY and below ARA.Very rare ex Baldwins 6-30-11,ex NAC Auc 52 lot 22.
Vlasto 708,HN Italy 973
1 commentsGrant H
FotorCreated~115.jpg
GREEK, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Didrachm circa 344-340 BC 22mm 7.18g 5h Fischer-Bossert 67968 viewsHelmeted warrior standing facing,head right, holding spear and shield, behind horse standing right, before horses foreleg 90 degree t. Rev TARAS Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding trident and shield, A below and above waves. Overstruck on another Tarentum stater?
ex Hanbery
ex Frank Kovacs 1990.
1 commentsGrant H
6Xnnj7SNLb9BiTf48PYoTBg53x9AcH~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, Calabria, Tarentum, AR Didrachm circa 345-334 BC 7.77 g Fischer-Bossert 733b this coin58 viewsNaked horseman on prancing horse right,lancing downwards with right hand,behind large round shield and two more lances,the whole within a beaded border.Rev Taras astride dolphin,a crested helmet between his hands,with his head slightly bowed towards it.Grant H
normal_Fischer-Bossert-1138~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA. Taras. 332-302 BC. AR nomos19 views7.90g. Obv: Naked youth on horseback r., crowning horse, AΠH below. Rx: ΤΑΡΑΣ Nude Taras astride dolphin l., holding out kantharos in r. hand, Φ behind.
Fischer-Bossert-1138 (V422/r880), Group 81.
Rare, fewer than ten recorded. Not in Vlasto or Evans. Near Mint State
Leo
Vlasto_319~0.jpg
GREEK, Italy, CALABRIA. Taras. 425-380 BC. AR nomos19 views6.26 gm
Nude ephebe cantering left, holding bridle with both hands, ΛΕ (retrograde) beneath horse / TARAS, dolphin rider right, wielding trident and pointing with left hand.
HN Italy 850. Vlasto 319 (same dies).
Porous. Edge bump (8:00 obverse) and reverse scratches. Good very fine
Leo
Vlasto_1097-1098~0.jpg
Greek, Italy, CALABRIA. Taras. Drachm (Circa 272-240 BC).4 viewsObv: Head of Athena right, wearing helmet decorated with Skylla hurling stone.
Rev: NIKOKPATHΣ / TA.
Owl standing right on Ionic capital.
Vlasto 1097.
Condition: Extremely fine.
Weight: 3.1 g.
Diameter: 13 mm.
Leo
Metapontum_200z~0.JPG
GREEK, Metapontum, Lucania171 viewsAR Didrachm (21mm, 7.8g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
SNG ANS 470 / SNG Cop 1227 / HN Italy 1581 / Johnston C-1 / Sear 416

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum was located at the north of the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1099~0.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #1099104 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
302 - 281 BC (Period VI)
AR Drachm (16mm, 3.09g, 3h)
Nikokrates, magistrate.
O: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla throwing stone.
R: Owl with closed wings standing right on Ionic capital, head facing; [NIKO]KPAT[HΣ] to left, TA to right.
Vlasto 1099 (this coin); HN Italy 1052
From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. ex CNG

“Michel P. Vlasto was born in Athens on the 1st February 1874 and Studied in Marseilles.
… He was a born artist and very good at drawing. His artistic feeling made him a real worshipper of Greek art; everything beautiful charmed him; if he could have done so a museum would have been his home. The real pleasure he felt in admiring a beautiful work of Greek art was so intense that he used to say he could not imagine life without Art and that beauty and Happiness went together. As a result he could not feel happy unless he was surrounded by Beauty. The room where he used to spend most of his leisure was a kind of temple in which a few perfect specimens of Greek art were the idols he worshipped in a real religious way.
… But all these splendid surroundings were only the frame of the world famous collection of Tarentine coins which represented his chief interest in life and really his sole hobby. But he did not limit himself to collecting coins as most collectors do; he was a real self-made scholar; his knowledge of Tarentine numismatic was complete; there was not a single coin in a public or private cabinet which he did not know, and nothing was said or written about Tarentum, its history and its art which escaped him. He published several contributions to numismatics and many of his books are famous.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
1 commentsEnodia
V_1235_Plate.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #1235104 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
380-325 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 1.15g, 2h)
O: Head of Athena right, helmet decorated with hippocamp.
R: Naked Herakles seated left on dead lion right, holding cup in right hand and club in left.
Vlasto 1235 (this coin); HN Italy 910
Very rare
From the AG Collection.; ex Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; ex Vecchi 17; ex CNG

This coin is extremely rare, and Vlasto cites only this single die combination. While I am sure it isn’t unique I could find no other specimen of this type listed anywhere.
2 commentsEnodia
V_1296~0.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #1296109 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
380-325 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.22g, 11h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp; Ξ behind neck-flap.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; [club] to left, TA above.
Vlasto 1296 (this coin); HN Italy 912
From the M.P Vlasto Collection. ex Pegasi Numismatics; ex MNS

"Mr. Vlasto's collection of Tarentine coins is certainly the most complete that exists; practically all known varieties are represented; its catalog can therefore be considered a real corpus of the coinage of Tarentum. Numerous are the rare or unique specimens; but what makes this collection an outstanding one is its large number of exceptionally well preserved coins. Mr. Vlasto was never content with his specimens; if he could get a better one, he never missed the opportunity. He used to tell me that in some cases he had changed six specimens of the same coin and that he would even change the sixth if he could find a better one. The results is that many of his coins are really wonderful gems of priceless value. Any colledctor would be proud to have just one of them in his collection."
~ Oscar Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto)
1 commentsEnodia
V_1302~0.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #130282 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
325-280 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.14g, 8h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a hippocamp.
R: Herakles crouching right, strangling the Nemean lion to right; EY above.
Vlasto 1302 (this coin); HN Italy 976
From the M.P Vlasto collection. ex MNS
Enodia
Vlasto_1489~0.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #148977 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
325-280 BC
AR Litra (11mm, 0.64g, 12h)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Dolphin leaping right; small dolphin left above, |-HP(?) below.
Vlasto 1489 (this coin); McGill II, 182; HN Italy 979
From the M.P Vlasto Collection. ex MNS

“The part of the small denominations, which owing to their small size, have always been ignored by the collectors, show such a sequence of small works of art, and so complete, that every museum would be pleased to have it in its cabinet. For many numismatists some of these tiny pieces, will be a real revelation.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
Enodia
Taras_1661.JPG
Greek, Ravel; Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - #166189 viewsTaras, Calabria (Plate Coin)
302-228 BC
AR Obol (10mm, 0.53g)
O: Kantharos; three pellets around.
R: Kantharos with bunch of grapes to right; pellets around.
Vlasto 1661 (this coin); Cote ---
Scarce
From the M.P Vlasto collection; ex Den of Antiquity
1 commentsEnodia
Taras_Stater~0.jpg
Greek, Taras, Didrachm184 viewsUnlisted with the letters in front of the horse.2 commentsPhiloromaos
Herakleia_Owl.JPG
Herakleia, Lucania109 views281-278 BC
AR Drachm (16.5mm, 3.82g)
O: Head of Athena, three-quarters facing right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Scylla throwing stone; Φ behind.
R: Owl with wings closed, standing right on olive branch; club to right, |-HPAKΛEIΩN above, ΣΩΣI to left.
Van Keuren 114; HN Italy 1411
Scarce
ex NAC

The colony of Herakleia was a joint venture between the cities of Taras and Thurii, founded in 432 BC and intended to encourage peace between the two embattled polis’ and show a united front against the indigenous tribes of southern Italy. To this end Herakleia became the center of the newly formed Italiote League, probably around 380. This alliance consisted of emissaries from the Greek cities of Kroton, Metapontum, Velia, Thurii, and most notably Taras.
A century later, the period of this coin, Pyrrhus defeated the Roman Consul Laevinius near here, causing the Romans to try a different strategy. A political treaty was struck in 278, granting very favorable terms to the Greek city, and Herakleia became an ally of Rome. As a result the headquarters of the Italiote League was moved to Taras.
8 commentsEnodia
herm.jpg
Hermaios (90-70 B.C.)45 viewsIndo-Greek Kingdom
Imitation
AR Drachm
O: BASILEUS SUTHPOS EPMAIOY; Draped and diademed bust of Hermaios right. 
R: 'Maharaja Tratarasa Hermayasa' in Kharosthi script; Zeus enthroned left and holding sceptre, Monogram in left field.
2g
17mm
Bopearachchi Series 15C, 91; Senior issue 36
3 commentsMat
1364_Hermaios.jpg
Hermaios - AE tetradrachm14 viewsGondophares in the name of Hermaios
Indo-Scythian kingdom

Gandhara (Taxila?)
c. 30-10 BC
diademed and draped bust right
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ / EPMAIOY
Zeus seated half left, wearing himation, raised hand, holding scepter
Maharaajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior)
Senior Hermaios 42aT.1, Mitchiner IGIS 421b, Mitchiner ACW 2045, SNG ANS 1430 ff., Bopearachchi series 20, HGC 12 308
ex Savoca
Johny SYSEL
AAGWb_small.png
Hermaios AE tetradrachm (imitation?)21 viewsHermaios. c. 90 - 70 BC.

25mm., 9.17g.

Bare-headed, diademed bust of king right, Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY (Basileos Soteros Hermaiou ... of King Hermaios, the Saviour)

Zeus enthroned three-quarters left, holding sceptre in left hand and bestowing blessing with right hand, Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa tratarasa / heramayasa

References:

AAGW
RL
herm.JPG
Hermaios of Bactria AR Drachm30 viewsOBV: BASILEUS SUTHPOS EPMAIOY; Draped and diademed bust of Hermaios right.
REV: 'Maharaja Tratarasa Hermayasa' in Kharosthi script; Zeus enthroned left and holding sceptre, Monogram in left field.
Silver drachm of Hermaios (90-70 BC) last of the Indo-Greek dynasty.
Bop_17B (Ref. W'winds)
17 mm, 1.7 gm
daverino
Kushan.jpg
India, Kushan Empire - Vima Kadphises18 viewsKushan Empire, Vima Kadphises
100-127/8 A.D.

Obv: Vima Kadphises, standing head facing left, sacrificing with right hand over altar and holding left hand on hilt; to left, filleted trident, tamgha and club to right. Circular legend around in Greek "BACILEUC BACILEwN OOHMO MEGAC OOHM KADFICHC"

Rev: ithyphallic 3-headed Siva standing facing, head left, holding trident in right hand and resting left arm on bull Nandi behind, who is standing with head facing right ; Buddhist Triratana (“Three Jewels”) to left. Circular legend around in Kharosthi script “Maharajasa rajadhirajasa sarvaloga isvarasa mahisvarasa Vima Kathphshasa tratarasa”

Reference: Göbl 762
Matteo
menander3.png
Indo Greek, Menander Soter 1, 160-145 BC, AR drachm45 views Obv. Diademed, bare-headed bust of king left, seen from behind, holding spear in right hand,
     discontinuous Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ / MENANΔPOY
Rev. Seen from behind, Athena Alkidemos standing left, holding horizontal shield
     on outstretched left arm, hurling thunderbolt with right hand,
     monogram at right,
     discontinuous Kharoshthi legend around: maharajasa tratarasa / menamdrasa
MAW 1789 VOL2#224e
2 commentsSkyler
indogreek.jpg
Indo-Greek Bronze 4-Cholkoi of Menander I Soter20 viewsIndo-Greek Bronze 4-Cholkoi of Menander I Soter minted between 155-130 BC.

Obverse: BASILEWS SWTHROS MENANDROS, helmeted and draped bust right;

Reverse: Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa Tratarasa Menandrasa (Great King Savior Menander), Nike advancing right, wreath in extended right, palm frond over shoulder in left, monogram lower right

Attribution: Bopearachchi Série 32C; Mitchiner IGIS Type 244b; Mitchiner ACW 1821; SNG ANS 945 ff; SNG Cop 306 var (monogram)
chuy1530
Menander_AE_tetrachalkon,_160-130_BC,_Taxila.JPG
Indo-Greek Kingdom - Menander AE tetrachalkon, 160-130 BC, Taxila39 viewsMenander
Kingdom of Bactria
AE tetrachalkon – 7.31 g., 23x23mm
Taxila, 160-130 BC
helmeted bust of Athena r.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣΩTHPOΣ / MENANΔPOY
Aegis with Gorgon at center
Maharajasa / tratarasa / Menamdrasa (in Kharoshthi)
MIG 246, Bop 19, SNG ANS 894
Ardatirion
DSCF1979.JPG
INDO-GREEK KINGDOM, MENANDER I. Ca. 165/55-130 B.C. AE unit 12 x 12 mm11 viewsINDO-GREEK KINGDOM, MENANDER I. Ca. 165/55-130 B.C.
Obv. BASILEWS SWTHPOS MENAND[POY], head of elephant right, wearing bell around neck.
Rev. "Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa" in Kharosthi, club of Herakles upward; in left field, monogram; in right field.
Lee S
zoilos_k.jpg
INDO-GREEK KINGDOM. Zoilos II. Circa 50-40/35 BC.4 viewsAR drachm, Indian standard, 17mm, 2.3g, 12h.
Obv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΖΩΙΛΟΥ; Diademed and draped bust right.
Rev.: MAHARAJASA TRATARASA JHOILASA in Kharosthi; Athena Alkidemos advancing left; monograms in left and right field.
Reference: Bopearachchi Série 1A; SNG ANS 1654-1658.
From the H8Modern Collection / 17-278-100
John Anthony
coin393.JPG
Indo-Greek Kings of Bactria, Menander24 viewsIndo-Greek Kings of Bactria, Menander, 160-145 BC, Square AE16 (2.76gm), Pushkalavati. Rare.

O: BASILEWS SWTEROS MENANDROU. Head of Pallas r., wearing plumed helmet. R: Karosthi legend. Maharajasa tratarasa Menadrasa. Nike adv. r., holding wreath and palm; Pushkalavati monogram below. Cf. MA 1821-1823 (but dichalkon). VF, glossy dark green patina. G22

ecoli
[Indo-Greek,_Baktria]_Apollodotos_I_Drachm_(Bop4F,_SNG_ANS_328-336).jpg
Indo-Greek, Baktria: Apollodotos I Drachm (Bopearachchi-4F; SNG ANS 328-336)47 viewsObv: Sacred elephant with decorative belt and Greek legend - ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΟΔΟΤΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ
Rev: Bull with Kharoshti legend - MAHARAJASA TRATARASA APALADATASA
1 commentsSpongeBob
apollodotus_i_xblkres.jpg
INDO-GREEK--APOLLODOTUS I (BAKTRIAN KING)17 viewsca 180 - 160 BC BC
AE RECTANGULAR HEMIOBOL 22.5 mm X 22.5 mm, 9.03 g
O: BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ Apollo standing facing, holding arrow in right hand and bow in left
R: Kharoshthi legenaharajasa / Apaladatasa / tratarasa Tripod with monogram at right, within square dotted border
laney
IMG_0102.JPG
Indo-Greek: Apollodotus I 5 viewsApollo standing facing, holding arrow in right hand and bow in left, no monogram at left, Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AΠOΛΛOΔOTOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ
Tripod with monogram at right, within square dotted border, Kharoshthi legend around: Maharajasa / Apaladatasa / tratarasa
ecoli
IndoParthen_Gondophares-Sases_AD35_AE_Drachm_Pathenkot_Senior246_7.png
IndoParthen Gondophares-Sases AD35 AE Drachm Pathenkot 12 viewsObv. King mounted with whip right. Greek legend “BACIΛEWC BACIΛEWN MEΓAΛOY VNΔOΦEPPOY”.

Rev. Zeus standing right holding long scepter. Kharosthi legend “Maharajasa mahatasa tratarasa Devavratasa Guduvharasa Sasasa”
senior 246.7


Skyler
tarentumfouree2.jpg
Intruiging taras half stater fouree17 viewsCalabria, Taras. C4TH BC. half a fouree stater, AR plated around a significant AE core.
I guess whoever cut this coin wasn't too impressed to find it a forgery!
Obverse: Naked youth on horseback with spear
Reverse: Taras on dolphin, wreath 9mintmark?)
CANTANATRIX
tarasOR.jpg
Italy, Calabria, Brundisium mint, Lindgren II #246 (var.)22 viewsItaly, Calabria, Brundisium mint, Semis, B.C. AE, 20mm 7.74g, Lindgren II #246 (var.)
O: Laureate head of Poseidon r., with long trident behind
R: BRVM (below), Taras, naked, riding a dolphin, holding in his outstretched right hand, Nike crowning, and in his left, a cithara
1 commentscasata137ec
LarryW2367.jpg
Italy, Calabria, Taras, 272-235 BC15 viewsAR didrachm, 6.38g, gF
Naked horseman right, crowning horse with right hand; AΓAΘA - PXOΣ below horse / TAPAΣ, Taras, naked, seated on dolphin left; right arm extended and holding kantharos, cornucopiae in left arm; race torch behind.
Sear 375v; HN Italy 1028
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2366.jpg
Italy, Calabria, Taras, 272-235 BC19 viewsAR didrachm, 6.48g, VF
Naked horseman trotting left, crowning horse with right hand; ΣY behind, ΛYKI - NOΣ below horse / TA PAΣ, Taras, naked, seated on dolphin left; right arm raised and hurling trident, chlamys hanging from extended left arm; behind, owl left.
Sear 374v; BMC Italy, p. 181, #161; HN Italy 1025
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
Menander_I_(160-145_BCE)_chalkous_(AE).jpg
Menander I (ca. 160-145 BCE) chalkous (AE)21 viewsObv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΟΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ (Elephant's head left) Rev.: Maharajasa tratarasa Menamdrasa (Herakles' club) Field: Monogram(s) Weight: 3.15 g. Diameter: 15 mm. Reference: Mitchiner 240, HGCS 12/197Nick.vdw
IMG_0999.JPG
Menander I Drachm47 viewsAR Drachm
Size: 17mm, Weight: 2.45 grams, Die Axis: 9h

Bactria, Menander I
Circa 155 – 130 BCE

Obverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY (of saviour king Menander)
Diademed and draped bust of Menander I to right.

Reverse: The Kharoshthi script 𐨣𐨚𐨯 𐨚𐨟𐨪𐨯 𐨨𐨱𐨪𐨗𐨯ꅐ (maharajasa tratarasa menadrasa - translation as obverse)
Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing thunderbolt and shield held horizontally decorated with head of Gorgon. Monogram to right.

Notes:
-Menander was one of the most successful Baktrian kings, and according to Strabo conquered more tribes than Alexander the Great. He was said to have raided as far east as modern day Patna, India.
-He is also reported to have converted to Buddhism, but that is according to the Buddhist text the Milinda Panha (The questions of king Milinda). However it is recorded by Plutarch that upon his death his remains were shared amongst cities and 'monuments' were erected to honour these. This may be a reference to Buddhist stupas. There is no doubt, like Alexander before him, he respected the various religions of his kingdom, and used them to gain advantage wherever possible.
-The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, thought to have been written in the mid first century CE, records the following:
"To the present day ancient drachmae are current in Barygaza (modern day Bharuch in Gujarat, India), coming from this country, bearing inscriptions in Greek letters, and the devices of those who reigned after Alexander, Apollodorus and Menander."
-Kharosthi (also known as Gandharan) was a script used in the region of modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan from about the 3rd century BCE to about the 3rd century CE. There is evidence of the script surviving as late as the 7th century CE in some outposts along the Silk Road. Interestingly, some early Chinese translations of Buddhist works indicate a Kharosthi source.
-Kharosthi is read from right to left, like for example modern Arabic. In the case of Menander, his epithets all end in 𐨯 (sa), so it is quite east to make out each word on the coin. The first letter of Menadrasa ꅐ (me) is made up of 𐨨 (m) combined with the diacritic vowel mark ' (e). This letter 'me', is quite distinctive and clearly visible directly below the monogram on my coin. Thus reading (by English convention) backwards the word me . na . dra . sa is clear. Note I was not able to find the Unicode script for Kharosthi 'me', so the symbol I have used is from 'Yi' script which was the closest approximation of The Kharosthi symbol I could find.

Ex Frank S Robinson Auction 97 lot 13, 2016
1 commentsPharsalos
MenanderSoter.jpg
Menander I Soter46 viewsMenander I Soter, Indo-Greek Kingdom
c.2nd Century BCE

Diademed bust of King, right. Corrupt Greek legend: King Menander, the Saviour. Slight die flaw to top left./Athene Alkidemos left, holding Aegis and thunderbolt. Kharosthi script legend: Maharajasa Tratarasa Menamdrasa. IiI Monogram in field.

AR Drachm. RJ Herbert 87.0935.23 or BN Ménandre Série 13H
Belisarius
Menander_I_Soter_Cleaned.jpg
Menander I Soter, Sear 7604, 155 - 130 BC, Bactria4 viewsDiademed bust left, seen from behind, wearing aegis and brandishing spear / Athena Alkidemos left, monogram to left. Dual language (Greek obverse, Kharoshthi reverse)

BASILEWS SWTHROS MENANDPOY
Maharajasa Tratarasa / Menamdrasa
Of Savior King Menander
Jonathan N
Menandros~0.jpg
Menandros - AR drachm6 viewsPushkalavati ?
165-130 BC
helmeted draped bust right
BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHΡOΣ / MENANΔΡOΥ
Athena Alkidemos left hurling lightning and holding shield
Mahara_ja_sa Tratarasa
(HΔIM)
Menadrasa
SNG ANS 879 ff., Bopearachchi 16I, Mitchiner IGIS 218c
2,40g
Johny SYSEL
Metapontum.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania122 views330-300 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.76g)
O: Head of Demeter right, wreathed in grain and wearing triple earring and necklace; ΔAI under chin.
R: Ear of barley with seven grains, leaf to right; plow above leaf, MAX below, META to left.
Johnston C-1; SNG ANS 470; SNG Cop 1227; HN Italy 1581; Sear 416
ex Windsor Antiquities

Founded around 700 BC by Achaean colonists, Metapontum strived to remain neutral through the many wars common in Magna Graecia. They took no active role in the struggle between fellow Achaean colonies of Kroton and Sybaris, although they did give sanctuary to Pythagoras and his followers after they were banished from Kroton. Here he taught until his retirement, and here he died (c. 500 BC).
Metapontum joined Taras in an alliance with Alexander of Epirus during his wars against the Lucanians and Bruttians (332 BC). However when Metapontum declined a similar offer to ally with Kleonymus of Sparta in 303 BC, Taras became hostile and attacked, eventually extorting a large sum of gold from the Metapontines. The animosity between them subsided by 281 BC, when Metapontum once again sided with the Tarentines in an alliance with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, in the war against Rome.
By this time their influence in the region had waned, and we hear less and less of the city until the Second Punic War (216 BC), at which time Metapontum declared in favor of Hannibal. By 212 BC Hannibal occupied the city, and it seems to have been a major base for his forces. However, after his military reversal Hannibal was forced to give up possession of the region, departing Italy from Metapontum in 207 BC and evacuating the population at the same time. Metapontum would never again play a major role in Magna Graecia, and although Cicero mentions visiting the city, Pausanias tells us that the site was a complete ruin by his time.
3 commentsEnodia
Metapontum_Diobol.JPG
Metapontum, Lucania37 views470-440 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.82g).
O: Ear of barley with six grains.
R: Incuse barley grain; annulet to left.
Noe 304; HN Italy 1488 
ex Agora Auctions; ex Artifact Man

Metapontum was located on the Gulf of Taras between the rivers Bradanus and Casuentus.
This ideal location, lying on a richly fertile plain, would provide the Metapontines with the abundant grain harvests from which they became both wealthy and influential. By the fifth century Metapontum had grown so prosperous that she paid an annual tribute to Delphi in the form of a "golden harvest" (Strabo), thought to be a sheaf of grain fashioned from gold.
1 commentsEnodia
054~7.JPG
Provence, Comté de Provence, Louis Ier de Tarente et Jeanne de Naple (1343-1382).4 viewsPetit sol ou denier, billon, 0,55 g frappé à Tarascon
Av./ + L ET I IhR ET SIC REX, lis sous un lambel .
Rv./ + COMES ET COMTSA PVICE, Croix de Jérusalem cantonnée de quatre petites croix.
Réfs : PA-4037
Gabalor
Taras.jpg
Taras (Tarentum), Calabria23 views380-325 B.C.
Silver diobol
0.91 g, 13 mm
Obverse: head of Athena right wearing crested helmet decorated with hippocamp
Reverse: Heracles nude standing right, strangling the Nemean lion with neck grip, club left, [TAΡANTINΩN] right, K between legs
Taras mint
Sear 351var;
BMC Italy p. 206, 358var
Jaimelai
Taras~0.jpg
Taras - AR nomos18 views280-272 BC
nude youth crowning himself on horse standing right; capitol of Ionic column below
IΩ / IAΛO
Taras seated on dolphin left, holding akrostolion and spindle
ANQ
TAPAΣ
HN Italy 1014, Vlasto 803 ff.; SNG ANS 1142 ff., SGCV I 363 var.
6,31g 20,5-20mm
Johny SYSEL
Vlasto-915~0.jpg
Taras 272-240 BC Nomos111 viewsCalabria, Tarentum; c. 272-240 BC, Nomos, 6.51g(new standard of weight compared with the old 7.5g). HN Italy-1043, Vlasto-915 (this coin).

Obv: Naked boy crowned by Victory flying behind him, on horse standing r. with raised l. foreleg; Greek ethnic below horse (not evident), EY in r. field.
Rx: Taras on dolphin r., holding cornucopia and trident whose head is visible behind his neck; TAPAΣ below, monogram in l. field (expanded by Vlasto to IΩΠY).
Ex Künker 193, 26 September 2011, lot 23. G&M 190, 11 October 2011, lot 15. From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. Extremely well struck reverse with beautiful detail EF.

I appreciate to have this coin. It is from M.P. Vlasto collection.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_732.jpg
Taras 280-272 Stater74 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 280-272 BC. Stater (Silver, 21mm, 6.22 g 5), Aristipp..., Gy... and Di.... ΑΡΙΣ / ΤΙΠΠ Nude male figure standing right, crowning horse ridden by young jockey to left; above to right, ΓΥ. Rev. ΤΑΡΑΣ Phalanthos, nude, riding dolphin to right, holding arrow in his right hand and bow in his left; below right, elephant; below dolphin’s tail, ΔΙ. HN III 1000. Vlasto 732. Toned but with an obverse struck from a worn die, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

The Tarentine didrachm was reduced from approximately 7.5g to 6.5g after 281 BC to help pay for Pyrrhus’ campaigns against the Romans.
2 commentsLeo
Vlasto74.jpg
Taras 480-470 BC, Nomos56 views7.68g.

Fischer-Bossert-81, Vlasto-74. Obv: Boy on dolphin right; sea shell below. Greek legend above. Rx: Wheel pattern. Ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 11. VF

"From the evidence of findings we know that the coins bearing a wheel, and with the designs in relief on both sides of the coins were issued for some years during the destruction of Sybaris in 510 B.C.
The wheel was an emblem of the sun-god and may perhaps show the influence of the Pythagoreans; it appears also on the coins of Tanagra and of Chalcis, and later also on coins of Phlius, circle 431 B.C.
The coins issued in this period show the rapid advance made by the Tarentines in Commerce and Art during the time 520 to 470 B.C"
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1603.jpg
Taras AR Obol 281-23547 viewsAR Obol 281-235 v. Chr.
very attractive coin with fine details
BMC- | SNG.Copenhagen- | SNG.München 782 | Vlasto 1603
SNG.Paris 2179 | SNG.ANS.1534
weight 0,75gr. | silver Ø 10mm.
obv.Scallop-shell
rev. Naked Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff,
AP-monogram right, MI-monogram below
BMC- | SNG.Copenhagen- | SNG.München 782 | Vlasto 1603
SNG.Paris 2179 | SNG.ANS.1534 R
very attractive coin with fine details
xf-/vf+
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1297_(this_coin).jpg
Taras diobol56 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.19 g, 11h).
Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet decorated with hippocamp / Herakles kneeling right, holding club, battling the Nemean Lion. Vlasto 1297 (this coin); HN Italy 911. VF, toned, obverse off center. Good metal.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1355.jpg
Taras diobol11 viewsCALABRIA, Tarentum. Circa 325-280 BC. AR Diobol (12mm, 1.03 g, 1h).
Head of Herakles right / Herakles strangling the Nemean Lion; TH, skyphos (or astragalos?), and club to left. Vlasto 1355; HN Italy 978. Good VF.
Leo
Vlasto_1349.jpg
Taras diobol16 viewsCALABRIA. Taras. Ca. 325-280 BC. AR diobol (1.09 gm).
Head of Heracles facing slightly to the left, wearing lion-skin headdress / Heracles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion. HN Italy 977. SNG Copenhagen 995. Vlasto 1349. Toned. Somewhat weakly struck, but otherwise Extremely Fine.
1 commentsLeo
HN_Italy_1360.jpg
Taras diobol14 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 380-325 BC. AR Diobol (11mm, 1.13 g, 7h).
Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp; Φ above visor / Herakles crouching right, holding club and strangling the Nemean Lion to right. HN Italy 1360. VF, toned.
Leo
Vlasto_1292.JPG
Taras diobol47 viewsCALABRIA. Taras. Diobol (Circa 325-280 BC).

Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Herakles kneeling right, strangling Nemean lion; club and uncertain symbol to left.

HN Italy 976; cf. Vlasto 1322-4 & 1327.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 1.22 g.
Diameter: 12 mm.
1 commentsLeo
Vlasto_975–7.jpg
Taras Time of Hannibal half-shekel 46 viewsCALABRIA. Taras. Time of Hannibal (ca. 212-209 BC). AR half-shekel (3.34 gm).
Magistrate Sogenes. Nude youth on horseback left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below / Taras astride dolphin left, holding cornucopia and Nike, who crowns him with wreath. Vlasto 975-7. HN Italy 1079. Struck on a broad flan and attractively toned. Extremely Rare.

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
1 commentsLeo
Taras_Athena_HeraclesStranglingNemeanLion_AR12_1_0g.jpg
Taras, Athena / Heracles strangling the Nemean lion, AR1222 viewsAR12, 1.0g
obv: head of Athena right in crested helmet
rev: [TARAN], Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean Lion
areich
Vlasto_1698.jpg
Taras, Calabria34 views380-228 BC.
AR Tritemorion (9mm, 0.45g)
O: Head of horse left.
R: Head of horse right.
Vlasto 1698, McGill II, 215v (letter); HN Italy 981v; Cote ---
Scarce
ex Savoca Coins
Enodia
V_1300.JPG
Taras, Calabria50 views380-344 BC.
Diobol AR (11mm, 0.77g.)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles kneeling right, wrestling the Nemean lion; owl standing left above lion, club to left.
cf Vlasto 1300; HN Italy 976
ex Savoca Coins
2 commentsEnodia
Taras,_Calabria_AR_diobol,_325-280_BC.jpg
TARAS, Calabria20 viewsTARAS, Calabria - AR diobol, 325-280 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet. Rev.: Herakles fighting Nemean lion, club behind. Reference: SGCV I 351. dpaul7
Taras_Shell_obol.JPG
Taras, Calabria72 views520-473 BC
AR Litra (8mm, 0.84g)
O: Scallop shell with seven teeth, within dotted border.
R: Four spoked wheel.
Vlasto 1108; Cote 7-9; McGill II, 140; SNG ANS 1328; Sear 228; BMC 1 56
ex Alex Malloy

Founded by Spartan refugees in 706 BC, Taras quickly became the major port on the Tarentine Gulf.
Renowned for its purple cloth made from the superior local wool and dye from the abundant murex shell, Taras thrived during the fifth and fourth centuries BC, establishing a democratic government in 473.
Enodia
Taras_diobol~0.JPG
Taras, Calabria103 views380-345 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.95g)
O: Horse right, running free.
R: Taras astride dolphin right, left hand extended.
Vlasto 1225; Cote 177; SNG Fitzwilliam 348
Very Scarce
ex Davissons Ltd

As the first port-of-call in southern Italy from Greece, Taras’ fine natural harbor soon established the city as a major center of Greek influence.
Founded in 706 BC by the Spartan Phalanthos, Taras derived its name from the son of Poseidon, who was carried ashore by a dolphin. Legend has it that Phalanthos too, after being shipwrecked, was rescued by a dolphin, and this explains the artistic device so common throughout this prolific coinage.
2 commentsEnodia
Taras_obol.JPG
Taras, Calabria76 views281-228 BC
AR Obol (9mm, 0.31g)
O: Kantharos; three pellets around.
R: Kantharos; tripod to right.
Vlasto 1642v; SNG ANS 1549v; SNG Cop 1075; HN Italy 1076; Sear 356v (K to left)
ex ECIN

The 3rd century was one of great change for Taras, who saw their democracy shatter and their influence evaporate. After repeated conflicts with Rome, Taras finally submitted to a Roman garrison in 272 BC.
Enodia
Vlasto_1821.JPG
Taras, Calabria106 views281-209 BC
Æ13 (13.5mm, 1.64g),
O: Kantharos; star on each side.
R: Kantharos; TA to left, filleted bucranium to right.
Vlasto 1821-23; Hands Type IV; McClean 796; Cote 427; HN Italy 1086; SNG Cop 1601; Sear 609
Scarce
From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection. ex Naville Numismatics

“Receive the god into your kingdom, 
pour libations, cover your head with ivy, join the dance!” 
~ Euripides (The Bacchae)
1 commentsEnodia
Taras_AE_2.JPG
Taras, Calabria116 views281-209 BC
AE11 (10.72mm, 0.96g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Two dolphins swimming right; TA below.
Vlasto 1842-46; Cote 441-42; Hands Type VII; SNG Cop 1088; HN Italy 1088
ex Ancient Imports

Taras became the dominant Greek city in Magna Graecia, and the marine symbols on this coin showcase the source of Tarentine wealth and power.
Enodia
Taras_Drachm_2.JPG
Taras, Calabria91 views281-272 BC (Period VII)
AR Drachm (16mm, 2.85g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Owl with open wings standing right on thunderbolt; TAPANTINΩ[N] to left, ΣΩ upward to right.
Vlasto 1077ff; Cote 432; cf McGill II, 139; Hands Period VII, Type VI; SNG ANS 1320; HN Italy 1018; Sear 373 var.
Struck from worn or corroded dies.
ex Holger Siee Munzhandlung

The Owl drachms of Taras began about the same time as the Herakles & Lion diobols (circa 334 BC), and like the diobols were intended as a federal issue. From the beginning these drachms were minted to the lower weight standard which would not be applied to the didrachms of Taras until 281, the time of the Pyrrhic wars.
It is my opinion that all of the 'open wing' type owls are post-Pyrrhic.

1 commentsEnodia
Taras_horse_obol.JPG
Taras, Calabria112 views334-302 BC
AR Tritemorion (3/4 Obol) (8.4mm, 0.50g)
O: Bust of horse right; Θ to right.
R: Bust of horse left.
Vlasto 1695v; Cote ---; SNG Cop 1052ff;
Scarce
ex Munzhandlung Ritter

Enodia
Vlasto_1758_.JPG
Taras, Calabria88 views302-228 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (6mm, 0.16g)
O: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
R: Two cresents back to back; two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1758; McGill II, 216; HN Italy 1077; Sear 361v
Scarce
ex Roma Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
Taras_AE.JPG
Taras, Calabria111 views281-209 BC
AE15 (15.48mm, 3.03g)
O: Scallop shell with eleven teeth.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos in right hand and cornucopia in left; [TAPAN] to right.
Vlasto 1824-41; Cote 309-11; Hands Type VI; cf McGill III, 12; SNG Cop 1085; Sear 608; BMC 1, 479
From an old German collection. ex Ancient Imports

Taras only minted about 17 bronze types, and all at a relatively late date. Pinpointing those dates is problematic however, as even the experts don't agree.
It seems certain that Arthur Sambon was correct in stating the first bronze coins of Taras were minted no earlier than 334 BC, as these types are consistent with the style of the city’s gold issues of that time (in turn copied from the types of Alexander the Mollosian and, later, Alexander of Epirus). Barclay Head on the other hand places the beginning of the series around the time of the tyrant Kleonymus of Sparta, circa 302 BC.
Claudius Cote in his catalog 'Monnaies de Tarente' assigns this particular type (above) to the period of 334-302, while Alfred Hands gives us the dates 281-228, starting at the time of Pyrrhus of Epirus. This agrees with Michael Vlasto, although Vlasto extends the duration to the final fall of Taras to the Romans in 209 BC.
So where do all these contradictory opinions leave us? I am going with Vlasto here, and putting this coin in the 281-209 time period.

It does seem likely though that the Tarentines themselves placed little importance on the series, as most of the types were simply reproduced from earlier dies, with no original artistic input. The effect of these bronzes on the other colonies of Apulia-Calabria however was profound, as nearly every coin producing city within the region struck their own version of this coin.
Enodia
Taras_hemilitra.JPG
Taras, Calabria64 views281-228 BC
AR Hemiobol (7mm, 0.24g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Dolphin right; Π (tripod?) below.
Vlasto 1531v; SNG ANS 785v; HN Italy 979v; Sear 359v
Scarce
ex Jencek Historical Enterprise

"New moons swell the slippery shell-fish, but it is not
every sea that yields the choicest kind. The Lucrine
mussel is better than the Baian cockle. Oysters come
from Circeii, sea-urchins from Misenum, luxurious
Tarentum plumes herself on her broad scallops."
~ Horace
1 commentsEnodia
Taras_Drachm.JPG
Taras, Calabria178 views281-272 BC
AR Drachm (15mm, 2.98g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet decorated with Skylla hurling rock; I on neckflap.
R: Owl with closed wings standing left on olive branch; TAPA[N] to right, AΠ monogram to left.
Vlasto 1065; Cote 431; Evans VII, V; SNG France 1947
Very Rare
ex Auctiones GmbH; ex Rutten & Wieland

This type is described by Sir Arthur Evans in ‘The Horsemen of Tarentum’, the same coin which M.P Vlasto later acquired for his own famous collection. This coin isn’t as nice as the Evans/Vlasto specimen, but I was very happy to find it. Left-facing owls are very rare on Tarentine drachms. I have only found one other type with the left facing owl, but that with Athena also facing left (Vlasto 1101, Cote 489).
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_713~0.JPG
Taras, Calabria164 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.34g)
Sostratos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding shield and spears in left hand and thrusting spear downward with right; [E]Y behind, ΣΩΣTP - ATOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopia in left hand and Nike with laurel wreath in right; ΠOΛY to left, thunderbolt to right, T-APA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 713; Evans VII, A2; Cote 371-72; SNG ANS 1084; SNG Cop 874; HN Italy 1001
ex CNG

As the leading Greek city in Magna Graecia Taras was foremost in resisting Roman influence during the third century, forming an alliance with Metapontum and later supporting Pyrrhus of Epirus in his war against Rome from 281-275 BC, the period of this coin.

It was during this time that the standard was reduced to c. 6.5g, and with its distinctly Epirote thunderbolt symbol this specimen represents one of the earliest 'light' didrachms.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_789.jpg
Taras, Calabria108 views281-272 BC (Period VII - The Pyrrhic Hegemony)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.44g)
Apollo(...) magistrate.
O: Helmeted warrior on horse cantering left, carrying two javelins and a large round shield decorated with eight-rayed star; ΞΩ behind, [AΠOΛΛΩ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras (of the plump Dionysiac type) astride dolphin left, holding bunch of grapes in extended right hand, distaff over left shoulder; ANΘ to right, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 789-91; Evans VII, F2 or F6; Cote 413; McGill II, 84; SNG ANS 1131-1133; HN Italy 1013
ex Numisantique

The helmeted warrior shown here behind a large shield is a definite departure from the typical image found on this coinage. The earlier naked skirmishers have been replaced by the fully armored cavalryman presented here. This was of course a gradual process, but the evolution becomes more apparent on later issues where the rider is clearly depicted wearing a cuirass.
This plump rendition of Taras also differs greatly from previous images and is actually meant to represent a young Iacchus, the son of Dionysus and Persephone. Similar images can be found on kraters and terracotta votives found in the region. The attributes of Dionysus which he carries show the foreign influence of the chthonic cult of Dionysus upon the city of Taras. This relatively new mystery cult was introduced along side the earlier ouranic cults of Poseidon and Apollo, and the inclusion of Iacchus here represents a distinct link to the Mysteries of Eleusis.
The distaff, in this context, is probably a reference to Ariadne, a wife of Dionysus, but its’ phallic nature also symbolizes the god of ecstasy Himself.

- The Tarantinians Carouse -
The theaters are full, music everywhere,
here debauchery and lewdness, and there
athletic and sophistical contests.
An unwithering wreath adorns the statue
of Dionysus. Not an earthly nook remains
unsprinkled by libations...
~ Kavafy (1933)
2 commentsEnodia
V_703.JPG
Taras, Calabria189 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.68g)
Nikon magistrate.
O: Naked ephebe vaulting from horse galloping left, holding javelin and small shield in left hand; EY above, [NI]KΩN (magistrate) below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin left, holding ear of grain; API to left, TAPAΣ to right, spearhead below.
Vlasto 703; Evans VI, E2; Cote 342; HN Italy 969
ex John Jencek

The Tarentine horsemen were renowned throughout the ancient world, serving as mercenary cavalry for many Mediterranean kings including Antigonos I, Demetrios I and Alexander of Epirus. They were so efficient that the term ‘Tarentine Horse’ came to mean any such skirmishing cavalry unit, regardless of their origin.
These were not typical cavalry however, but rather "hippakontistai" (mounted javelinmen), or more specifically "elaphroi", light cavalry which throw javelins and then dismount for close combat.
The scene depicted here is from an equestrian event of the Hyakinthia (the ceremonial games of Hyakinthian Apollo) rather than actual combat, but celebrates those special skills necessary in war. The armed rider would dismount at full gallop, run along side his horse, and then remount in stride.

The didrachm was reduced from c. 7.5g to c. 6.5g after 281 to help pay for Pyrrhus' campaigns against the Romans. However the spearhead on the reverse is an Epirote symbol, making this one of the last coins struck on the old standard.
4 commentsEnodia
Taras_Obol_Grapes.JPG
Taras, Calabria157 views302-228 BC
AR Obol (10mm, 0.53g)
O: Kantharos; three pellets around.
R: Kantharos with bunch of grapes to right; pellets around.
Vlasto 1661 (this coin); Cote ---; HN Italy 1076; Sear 356v
Scarce
From the M.P Vlasto collection. ex Den of Antiquity

Vlasto plate coin, #1661.
The kantharos device on this series of coins, and the bunch of grapes on this particular specimen, probably refer to the influence upon the Tarentines of the local cult of Chthonic Dionysus, and a festival to Him was held annually within the city.
1 commentsEnodia
Taras_V836.JPG
Taras, Calabria142 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (18mm, 6.50g)
Lykinos magistrate.
O: Naked boy on horse pacing left, placing wreath on horse's head; ΣY above, ΛYKI - NOΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, hurling trident with right hand, chlamys wrapped around left arm; owl behind, TA-PA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 836; Evans VIII, A8; Cote 473; cf McGill II, 92; SNG ANS 1165; SNG Cop 916; SNG France 1999; HN Italy 1025; Sear 374v
ex Olympvs Coins

Following Pyrrhus’ withdrawal Taras was forced to submit to a Roman garrison in 272 BC, although the relationship did not remain entirely antagonistic. Taras remained a free port, the city’s walls were rebuilt by the time of the First Punic War, and they even provided Rome with ships during that struggle.
This would change drastically however when Taras threw in with Hannibal during the Second Punic War.
1 commentsEnodia
Taras_Diobol_2.JPG
Taras, Calabria66 views325-280 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.02g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind.
cf Vlasto 1308-9; HN Italy 976; Sear 351v
ex Jencek Historical Enterprise



Enodia
Taras_x.JPG
Taras, Calabria143 views520-473 BC
AR 1/4 Litra (8mm, 0.22g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Four spoked wheel.
cf Vlasto 1116; Cote ---
Scarce
From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection. ex CNG; ex Roman Lode

The 'wheel type' reverse motif was common on all early Tarentine coinage until 473 BC, after which it is unknown.
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1744.JPG
Taras, Calabria56 views450-380 BC 
AR Hemiobol  (7.5mm, 0.20g). 
O: Skyphos with single handle to left.
R: Olive wreath, Π within.
cf Vlasto 1744; Cote 448; SNG France 2224; HN Italy 867; Sear 360v
Very Scarce
ex Savoca Coins

A peculiar little coin with obscure symbolism.
Even the vessel type is uncertain. It is often called a ‘skyphos’, although those are typically two-handled. I have also seen it referred to as a ‘kyathos’, but that type usually has its single handle molded extremely long, making it more useful as a dipper.
This scarce coin is more commonly seen with the cup handle to the right. The reverse can also depict a ‘K’ within the wreath, or even a race torch. An empty wreath is also recorded.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_594.JPG
Taras, Calabria200 views330-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.98g)
O: Naked warrior in crested helmet on horse prancing right, spearing downward with right hand, shield and two extra spears in left; ΔΑΙ below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding trident over shoulder with right hand and shield decorated with hippocamp in left; ΦΙ to left, ΤΑΡΑΣ to right, murex shell below.
Vlasto 594; Cote 239; Evans V, B5; Fischer-Bossert 1022a; McGill II, 52; HN Italy 935; SNG ANS 991
ex Heidelberger Munzhandlung

Vlasto dates this coin to the time of Alexander the Molossian, but I believe it may be safely placed after the King’s death in 331, as the typical Epirote symbols are no longer seen (especially, as Evans points out, the eagle’s head). Alexander, uncle to Alexander the Great, arrived at Taras in 334 as defender, the leader of a mercenary army from Epirus hired to help defend Taras from the indigenous Italian tribes. However he was quickly seen to have something more in the way of conquest in mind. Having ignored the warning of the Oracle at the Temple of Zeus Dodona, Alexander pushed west and fulfilled prophecy, being killed while fighting the Lucanians at Pandosia, near the River Acheron.

The murex shell played a very large part in the Tarentine economy, producing a rich purple dye. In fact the early reference books simply describe it as “a purple shell”. Purple cloth from Taras was considered a great luxury throughout the Mediterranean.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1404.JPG
Taras, Calabria83 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (13mm, 0.93g)
O: Head of Athena right wearing plain crested Attic helmet.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind, ΦΙ between legs, [T]APANTIN to right.
Vlasto 1404; McGill II, 178; HN Italy 912
ex Aegean Numismatics

1 commentsEnodia
Taras_1166.JPG
Taras, Calabria83 views500-430 BC (Period I)
AR Litra (10mm, 0.68g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Head of Taras left.
Vlasto 1166; Cote 53; McGill II, 145; HN Italy 840
Very Scarce
From the Lewis Egnew collection. ex Superior Galleries; ex Harlan J. Berk

A wonderful example of late archaic style, these early litrae are all fairly scarce and quite desirable.
The reverse of this type is often referred to as ‘Female head left’, or ‘Head of nymph Satyra left’. George Brauer Jr. confirms this in his book 'Taras; It's History and Coinage' (1986), but cites no source. Satyra was the mother of Taras. The style differs slightly from die to die, but in none of them do I really see a female head. Effeminate perhaps, but Apollo and Dionysus have both taught us that lesson.
So once again I find myself agreeing with Vlasto and I believe this to be the head of Taras, which was also common to some of the larger coins of the period.
Both left and right facing busts are known.

Με βαθύτατη ευγνωμοσύνη αγαπητέ μου αγαπητέ φίλε Σηαννον
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_958.JPG
Taras, Calabria77 views235-212 BC (Period IX - The Roman Alliance II)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.21g)
Xenokrathes magistrate.
O: Bearded strategos on horse parading left, wearing short tunic and chlamys, raising right hand, short sword in scabbard under left arm; monogram and pileus above, Ξ ENO - KP ATHC in two lines below.
R: Taras wearing leafy crown, astride dolphin left, naked but for chlamys raised in left hand and draping over right thigh, trident over right shoulder; waves and cuttlefish below, [Τ]ΑΡΑΣ to left, monogram to right.
Vlasto 958; Evans IX, G1; Cote 579; HN Italy 1058
ex Roma Numismatics

An interesting piece from the last days of Tarentine independence.
Evans divides the Horsemen of the post-Pyrrhic era into Period VIII (272-235 BC) and Period IX, which he terminates at 228 BC with the alleged closing of the mint, but which hoard evidence suggests should be extended to the Punic occupation of 212.
The coins of the former category are of a decidedly inferior style compared to those of the previous century, but Period IX reveals something of a renaissance, and many of these coins are of fine style. Surely this is befitting the final truly Tarentine issues.

The Vlasto catalog describes the obverse figure as “Single Dioskuros…”. likely due to the pileus in the field above (almost off-flan here). However this mounted nobleman must certainly be the model for the less impressive Punic issues of Period X.
The obverse die is peculiar for its use of the ‘lunar E’ in the magistrate’s name, which was not typical at Taras.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1415_2.JPG
Taras, Calabria127 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (12-14mm, 1.08g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin.
R: Herakles standing left, strangling the Nemean lion; club above Ionic capital to right, TAP above.
Vlasto 1415; Cote 423; HN Italy 1064
Rare
From the Colin E. Pitchfork collection. ex CNG; ex Quadriga Ancients

Left-facing Athena’s are slightly less common on Tarentine coinage, and Corinthian helmets a bit moreso. But a left-facing Herakles is quite scarce and I am very happy to add this one to my collection.
5 commentsEnodia
V1236.JPG
Taras, Calabria47 views334-302 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.06g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion.
Vlasto 1236; Cote 248; SNG Cop 994; McGill II, 148; SNG ANS 1359; HN Italy 914
From the Colin E. Pitchfork collection. ex CNG

The image of Herakles wrestling the Nemean lion on this series was inspired by the coinage of Herakleia, a Tarentine colony in Lucania and the headquarters of the Italiote League during the first half of the 4th century BC.
After the conquest of Herakleia by the Massapians in 356 leadership of the League was transferred to Taras, who began minting these diobols as a federal issue. It became almost as ubiquitous as the dolphin rider type, circulating as small change throughout southern Italy.
1 commentsEnodia
cf_V1239v.JPG
Taras, Calabria87 views345-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Diobol (12mm, 0.88g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles, holding club overhead, kneeling left on the back of the Nemean lion; [N]O above lion’s head, cornucopia to right.
Vlasto 1427; cf Cote 443-44; HN Italy 913
Scarce
ex Jencek Historical Enterprise

A scarce little coin featuring yet another scene from Herakles’ epic battle with the Nemean lion.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1047.JPG
Taras, Calabria55 views302-281 BC
AR Drachm (15mm, 3.11g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla hurling stone.
R: Owl with closed wings standing right on olive branch; [TAP] behind.
Vlasto 1047-53; cf McGill II, 135; HN Italy 975; Sear 367v

"I lie far from Italy and far from Taras my home.
This is more bitter to me than death."
~ Leonidas of Taras
2 commentsEnodia
Taras_T_fraction.JPG
Taras, Calabria115 views473-430 BC
AR ¼ Litra (7mm, 0.19g)
O: T with three pellets around.
R: T with three pellets around.
Vlasto 1191; Cote 182; McGill II, 147; HN Italy 853
Very scarce
ex Sam Sloat Coins

This tiny coin is part of a group of five or so very unusual fractions minted at Taras.
While not very sexy, it is quite scarce and a vital part of any Tarentine collection, and I'm extremely happy to have found it.
6 commentsEnodia
V_1241.JPG
Taras, Calabria27 views380-325 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 1.12g, 1h)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; bow, quiver, and club to left; K between legs, [|- to lower right].
Vlasto 1241 (this coin); HN Italy 914
From the David Wray Collection. ex Michel P. Vlasto Collection; ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1241


Enodia
Vlasto_1602.JPG
Taras, Calabria120 views281-235 BC
AR Litra (Obol?) (9mm, 0.52g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, holding cornucopia in right hand and palm branch in left; AP monogram in field to right.
Very Scarce
Vlasto 1602; Cote 387v

While Pausanias tells us that the eponymous hero of Taras was the son of Poseidon, a new theory has been posited by Anton Boras, based on evidence from excavations north of Athens, which claims that Taras was in fact the son of Leonidas of Sparta and the goddess Gaia.
I am certainly interested in hearing anything further from these digs.
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1527.JPG
Taras, Calabria96 views325-281 BC
AR Litra (10.1mm, 0.57g)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Dolphin right; bunch of grapes and I below.
Vlasto 1527; cf Cote 417; SNG ANS 1512v (letter)
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

"Tarentum is a colony of the Lakedaimonians... They say that Taras the hero was a son of Poseidon by a Nymphe of the country, and that after this hero were named both the city and the river. For the river, just like the city, is called Taras."
~ Pausanias 10.10.8
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1405.JPG
Taras, Calabria64 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 0.85g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing plain crested Attic helmet.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind, owl with spread wings between legs.
Vlasto 1405
ex Gibud & Naumann

2 commentsEnodia
V_255.JPG
Taras, Calabria92 views443-400 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.91g)
O: Phalanthos seated left on dolphin, extending right hand and holding cuttle fish in left; scallop shell below, all within plain linear border.
R: Naked Taras seated left on diphros, right hand extended, lekythos dangling from left.
Vlasto 255; SNG ANS 860; HN Italy 844; Sear 330v
ex Pegasi Numismatics; ex ECIN

These didrachms, known as the ‘Oekist types‘, immediately pre-date the more famous equestrian types usually associated with Taras.
Early attributions, including that of Sir Arthur Evans, describe the seated figure on the reverse as the Demos of the city, but as no such personification of ‘The People’ was typically used at this time Vlasto (among others) have rejected this theory in favor of a representation of the oekist, or founder of the city, in this case Taras.
However even this theory is ripe for discussion, as the city’s founder was not Taras but rather Phalanthos.
More recently Dionysus has been suggested, and certain varieties show iconography which would seem to support this (although not this particular specimen).
But I will give the last word here to George Brauer who, in his marvelous book ‘Taras: It’s History and Coinage‘ (1986), writes “The consensus today is that the Tarentines would actually have understood him to be Taras, possibly as eponymous founder, more likely as eponymous hero.”
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1707a.JPG
Taras, Calabria137 views325-280 BC
AR Tritemorion (3/4 Obol) (8mm, 0.43g)
O: Bridled horse’s head right; eight-rayed star to right.
R: Bridled horse’s head right.
Vlasto 1707; Cote 261v; McGill II, 212v (no star); HN Italy 981; SNG ANS 1560v (no star); Sear 358v (no star)
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1220.JPG
Taras, Calabria82 views380-325 BC
AR 3/8 Obol (7mm, 0.15g, 7h)
O: Head of nymph Satyra right, within dotted border.
R: Kantharos; three pellets around.
Vlasto 1220
Scarce
ex Roma Numismatics
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1455-1459.jpg
Taras, Calabria114 viewsCALABRIA. Tarentum. Ca. 280-228. AR diobol (0.97 gm).
Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with Scylla / Infant Heracles strangling snakes; thunderbolt in exergue. HN Italy 1068. SNG ANS 1473. Obverse somewhat off-center, but otherwise Extremely Fine.
3 commentsLeo
Vlasto_1323.JPG
Taras, Calabria65 views325-280 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 1.17g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla hurling stone.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; owl standing left above lion.
Vlasto 1323-24; Cote 463; SNG Cop 976; SNG ANS 1413; SNG Lloyd 245; HN Italy 976
From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection. ex Naville Numismatics


5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1489.JPG
Taras, Calabria57 views325-280 BC
AR Litra (11mm, 0.64g, 12h)
O: Scallop shell with nine teeth.
R: Dolphin leaping right; small dolphin left above, |-HP(?) below.
Vlasto 1489 (this coin); McGill II, 182; HN Italy 979
From the M.P Vlasto Collection. ex MNS

Vlasto plate coin, #1489.
“... The part of the small denominations, which owing to their small size, have always been ignored by the collectors, show such a sequence of small works of art, and so complete, that every museum would be pleased to have it in its cabinet. For many numismatists some of these tiny pieces, will be a real revelation.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)

1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_984-6.JPG
Taras, Calabria105 views212-209 BC (Period X - The Punic Occupation)
AR Half-Shekel (Reduced Nomos) (22mm, 3.94g)
Sokannos magistrate.
O: Warrior on horseback right, holding filleted palm frond in right hand, rein in left; ΣΩKAN-NA below.
R: Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos in extended right hand, trident in left; eagle with open wings standing left behind, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 984-86; Cote 605-06; SNG ANS 1272; HN Italy 1082; SNG Ashmolean 420-1; Sear 383v (drachm)
ex CNG

Popular history suggests that the Romans shut down the Tarentine mint circa 228 BC. No further coins were produced (at least in silver) until Hannibal captured the city in 212, at which time these “reduced nomoi” were struck for the approximately three years of occupation using the Punic standard.
While the earlier horseman/dolphin rider types were renewed at this time, the artistic quality was greatly diminished.
Also, the magistrate names differed greatly from the earlier coins and were likely not even Hellenic. One theory is that the names were those of the local indigenous peoples (Messapians, etc), although I believe they were more likely Carthaginian and probably those of Hannibal’s own administrators.
What a shame that the last emissions from this once great city should be so debased.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_352a.JPG
Taras, Calabria74 views380-345 BC (Period III - The Age of Archytas)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.37g, 11h)
O: Naked youth crowning horse standing right; kerykeion before, Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Taras seated sideways on dolphin left, resting his left hand on its tail; H (signature) on body of dolphin, P below, TAPAΣ to left, all within linear border.
Vlasto 352; Evans III, A2; Cote 121v; Fischer-Bossert 442d; Sear 341v
Rare
From the Frank James Collection. ex Forvm Ancient Coins; ex Roma Numismatics

A noted general, inventor, mathematician and philosopher, Archytas was a Pythagorean and friend of Plato, and likely responsible for saving the latter from death at the hands of Dionysius II of Syracuse.

While not one of the more exciting designs from the Taras mint, this coin, signed by ’H', or 'HP’, is still nicely rendered and actually quite rare. Fischer-Bossert sites only 7 known examples. I do not know if this specimen is one of those.
2 commentsEnodia
Taras_Facing_Athena.JPG
Taras, Calabria86 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.05g, 10h)
O: Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; club above amphora to left, ΕΥP between legs.
Vlasto 1438; Cote 597; SNG Cop 1004; HN Italy 1062
Very Scarce
From the Frank James collection. ex Spinks; ex Walter Holt; ex Roma Numismatics

Facing heads do not occur often on Tarentine coinage, and the Athena with triple-crested helmet motif has always captivated me, so i am very happy to add this scarce type to my collection.
2 commentsEnodia
V_1296.JPG
Taras, Calabria92 views380-325 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.22g, 11h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp; Ξ behind neck-flap.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; [club] to left, TA above.
Vlasto 1296 (this coin); HN Italy 912
From the M.P Vlasto Collection. ex Pegasi Numismatics; ex MNS

Vlasto plate coin, #1296.
"Mr. Vlasto's collection of Tarentine coins is certainly the most complete that exists; practically all known varieties are represented; its catalog can therefore be considered a real corpus of the coinage of Tarentum. Numerous are the rare or unique specimens; but what makes this collection an outstanding one is its large number of exceptionally well preserved coins. Mr. Vlasto was never content with his specimens; if he could get a better one, he never missed the opportunity. He used to tell me that in some cases he had changed six specimens of the same coin and that he would even change the sixth if he could find a better one. The result is that many of his coins are really wonderful gems of priceless value. Any collector would be proud to have just one of them in his collection."
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1184.JPG
Taras, Calabria39 views470-450 BC
AR Hemilitra (7.5mm, 0.34g)
O: Scallop shell within linear border.
R: Head of nymph Satyra right.
Vlasto 1178; HN Italy 841
ex Naville Numismatics

Enodia
V_630.JPG
Taras, Calabria69 views315-302 BC (Period V)
AR Didrachm (22mm, 7.63g, 4h)
O: Warrior, preparing to throw spear and holding shield and two more spears, on horse rearing right; ΣA below.
R: Phalanthos, holding arrow and bow, astride dolphin right; |-HP and HP monogram below, TAPAΣ to left.
Vlasto 630; Fischer-Bossert Group 68, 818; Evans V, B18; SNG ANS 1011; HN Italy 938
From Group SGF. ex CNG

Sir Arthur Evans places this coin at the end of Period V, during the time of Kleonymus, and the martial themes on both sides of this coin, unusual on Tarentine coinage, may support this theory.
Kleonymus, the unworthy heir to the Spartan throne, was yet another in a line of self-serving mercenary generals to come to the aid of Taras (circa 302 BC), but he was no more successful than his predecessors.

This is the first right-facing dolphin in my collection. While not rare, these occur less often than the typical left-facing types.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1099.JPG
Taras, Calabria93 views302 - 281 BC (Period VI)
AR Drachm (16mm, 3.09g, 3h)
Nikokrates magistrate.
O: Head of Athena right, wearing Attic helmet decorated with Skylla throwing stone.
R: Owl with closed wings standing right on Ionic capital, head facing; [NIKO]KPAT[HΣ] to left, TA to right.
Vlasto 1099 (this coin); HN Italy 1052
From the M.P. Vlasto Collection. ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1099.
“Michel P. Vlasto was born in Athens on the 1st February 1874 and studied in Marseilles.
… He was a born artist and very good at drawing. His artistic feeling made him a real worshipper of Greek art; everything beautiful charmed him; if he could have done so a museum would have been his home. The real pleasure he felt in admiring a beautiful work of Greek art was so intense that he used to say he could not imagine life without Art and that Beauty and Happiness went together. As a result he could not feel happy unless he was surrounded by Beauty. The room where he used to spend most of his leisure was a kind of temple in which a few perfect specimens of Greek art were the idols he worshipped in a real religious way.
… But all these splendid surroundings were only the frame of the world famous collection of Tarentine coins which represented his chief interest in life and really his sole hobby. But he did not limit himself to collecting coins as most collectors do; he was a real self-made scholar; his knowledge of Tarentine numismatic was complete; there was not a single coin in a public or private cabinet which he did not know, and nothing was said or written about Tarentum, its history and its art which escaped him. He published several contributions to numismatics and many of his books are famous.”
~ Oscar E. Ravel (Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Tarentine Coins formed by M. P. Vlasto - 1947)
4 commentsEnodia
Vl_1799.JPG
Taras, Calabria55 views281-209 BC
Æ21 (21mm, 8.04g)
O: Laureate head of Zeus right.
R: Nike standing right, holding thunderbolt; [TA]PANTIN[ΩN] to right.
Vlasto 1799; Cote 220; Laffaille 35; Sear 607
Rare
ex Praefectus Coins

Apart from Athena on its prolific series of diobols Taras was not particularly known for portrait coins. Here we find Zeus, or more appropriately Zeus Kataibates, ‘The Descender‘ or ‘He Who Comes Down’. This epithet refers to His ability to send thunder and lightning down from the sky, apparent here in the thunderbolt Nike holds in Her hands.
While not generally represented on their coins, the cult of Zeus must have been strong at Taras. A 66 foot bronze colossus of the Father of the Gods, attributed to the sculptor Lysippus, stood in the city, and most residents of Taras had a small column-shrine to Zeus Kataibates in front of their homes as a protection against lightning strikes.
1 commentsEnodia
CampanoTarentine.JPG
Taras, Calabria55 views281-228 BC
AR Didrachm (20mm, 6.95g)
O: Diademed head of nymph Satyra left, wearing triple-pendant earring.
R: Nude youth on horseback right crowning horse and holding reins; star of eight rays above, dolphin below, TA beneath raised foreleg.
Vlasto 1036-37, Cote 548; McGill II, 131; SNG ANS 1301; HN Italy 1098; Sear 366v
ex Praefectus Coins

These so-called Campano-Tarentine (or sometimes Bruttio-Tarentine) types are a numismatic enigma.
The idea of an alliance was originally put forth in the 19th century due to the apparent similarity of the obverse portraits of this series with the coins of Neapolis and other Campanian cities. However the nymph depicted here is more likely to be the local Satyra rather than Campanian Parthenope, and there is no direct historical evidence of any alliance between Taras and the Campanians during this period.
The heavier standard may mean that this series was intended to circulate outside of Taras as a federal issue, or possibly as a trade unit. Further, no coins of this type have been found within the city itself.
It has also been suggested that these coins were struck as tribute to Rome, and the apparent timeframe is in line with such a theory.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1474.JPG
Taras, Calabria54 views280-228 BC
AR Litra (9.5mm, 0.72g)
O: Scallop shell.
R: Dolphin swimming left; E below.
SNG ANS 1529v; Vlasto ----; HN Italy 979
Scarce
ex Ancient Imports

Scarce left-facing dolphin.
1 commentsEnodia
V_1302.JPG
Taras, Calabria48 views325-280 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.14g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a hippocamp.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; EY above.
Vlasto 1302 (this coin); HN Italy 976
From the M.P Vlasto collection. ex MNS

Vlasto plate coin, #1302.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1464.JPG
Taras, Calabria33 views325-280 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.77g)
O: Head of Athena facing slightly left, wearing triple-crested helmet decorated with Skylla; club to left, [TAPAΣ] above.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; club to left, AP monogram between Herakles legs.
Vlasto 1464; Cote 558; SNG ANS 1476; cf HN Italy 1062
Scarce
ex Marcantica Ancient Coins

There are many stories in Greek mythology regarding the goddess Athena; Her involvement in the War of the Giants, the contest with Poseidon to determine the patron of Athens, Her weaving contest with Arachne, the Judgment of Paris, and the blinding of Teiresias for viewing Her while bathing are among the most commonly known.
But it is Her assistance to Herakles during his Twelve Labors which concerns us here, the first of which, the slaying of the Nemean lion, is depicted on the reverse of this coin.
Enodia
Vlasto_107v.JPG
Taras, Calabria56 views470-450 BC
AR Didrachm (17mm., 7.82g)
O: Taras riding dolphin right, holding cuttlefish in right hand, left hand extended.
R: Hippocamp right; TAPA beneath, scallop shell below.
Vlasto 107(?); cf McGill II, 3; HN Italy 827; SNG ANS 837; SNG Cop 772-773
Scarce
ex ACR Auctions; ex Praefectus Coins

The hippocamp reverse type was undoubtedly one of the first non-incuse didrachms minted at Taras, occuring at the very beginning of the fifth century. However these small module coins were minted slightly later than the spread-flans, probably 470-450 BC.

"He [Poseidon] towers on high above the peaceful waves, urging his team of Hippokampoi with his three-pronged spear: frontwise they run at furious speed amid showers of foam, behind they swim and blot out their footprints with their tails."
~ Statius, Achilleid 1. 25 ff
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_545.JPG
Taras, Calabria57 views344-334 BC (Period IV)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.54g)
Signed by the Kal... engraver. 
O: Nude horseman right, wearing shield on left arm and holding two spears in left hand, preparing to thrust third spear held in right hand; |- behind, Δ before, ΚΑΛ and Δ below.
R: Phalanthos astride dolphin right, holding crested helmet; stars flanking, ΤΑΡΑΣ to left, ΚΑΛ below.
Vlasto 545; Cote 215; McGill II, 41; Evans IV, H3; HN Italy 896; SNG ANS 971; Sear 345
ex Monarch Beach

Archidamos III reigned as King of Sparta from 360 BC until his death in 338. Summoned by the Tarentines to assist them in the first Lucanian war, he lead a mercenary army to Manduria in Calabria, where he fell in battle against the combined forces of the Messapians and Lucanians.
The historian Diodorus suggests that the death of Archidamos and the massacre of his army was divine vengeance for his plundering of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi.

The 4th century artist known to us only as the KAL engraver was arguably the finest die engraver in Magna Graecia. Specializing in common everyday scenes and eschewing the more aristocratic themes, his work had a certain elegance and sensitivity rarely seen in numismatic art.
The dolphin rider on this coin is bowing his head slightly and looking very pensively at the helmet in his hands. Is Phalanthos mourning for King Archidamos here? Sir Arthur Evans thought so, and the two stars on this reverse (one off flan), representing the Dioskouri and therefore Sparta the Mother City, lends credence to this idea. If so, then no other engraver could have captured this moment and this emotion quite like KAL…
1 commentsEnodia
Herakles_left.JPG
Taras, Calabria34 views380-334 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.03g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles kneeling left, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind.
cf Vlasto 1325; Cote ---; McGill ---; SNG ANS 1412v
Very Scarce
ex Spartan Numismatics

A very uncommon left-facing Herakles.
Enodia
Taras_obol_zz.JPG
Taras, Calabria45 views302-228 BC
AR Obol (11mm, 0.42g)
O: Kantharos; Φ and two pellets around.
R: Kantharos; two pellets and crown around.
Vlasto ---; Cote---; McClean ---; McGill ---; HN Italy 1076; Sear 357v
Very scarce
ex Pop Numismatik

"To the must-drinking Satyrs and to Bacchus, planter of the vine, Heronax consecrated the first handfuls of his plantation, these three casks from three vineyards, filled with the first flow of the wine; from which we, having poured such libation as is meet to crimson Bacchus and the Satyrs, will drink deeper than they."
~ 'The Vintage Revel', Leonidas of Tarentum
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1615.JPG
Taras, Calabria30 views302-228 BC
AR Obol (11mm, 0.35g)
O: Kantharos, 5 pellets around, within dotted border.
R: Bucranium.
Vlasto 1615-17; SNG France 2201; HN Italy 918
Scarce
From the E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection. ex Naville Numismatics

1 commentsEnodia
V_1235.JPG
Taras, Calabria69 views380-325 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 1.15g, 2h)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp.
R: Naked Herakles seated half-left on dead lion right, holding cup in right hand and club in left.
Vlasto 1235 (this coin); HN Italy 910
Extremely Rare
From the AG Collection. ex Michel Pandely Vlasto Collection; ex Vecchi 17; ex CNG

Vlasto plate coin, #1235.
Yet another reverse featuring Herakles‘ first labor. Here we see the final scene with our Hero, having slain the Nemean lion, now resting on the dead carcass and raising his cup. One can easily imagine him wondering how he is going to skin this impenetrable beast.
This coin is extremely rare, and Vlasto cites only this single die combination. While I am pretty sure it isn’t unique I could find no other specimen of this type listed anywhere.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1413.JPG
Taras, Calabria51 views272-235 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.97g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet (T behind?).
R: Herakles standing right, fighting Nemean lion with club in right hand; T to left.
Vlasto 1413
Very Scarce
ex Spartan Numismatics

Herakles Battle With the Nemean Lion
“… so the terrible lion arched himself and sprang from far upon me, raging to taste my flesh. I held in one hand my darts and the cloak from my shoulders, folded; with the other I swung my seasoned club about my ears and smashed it down on his head, but split the wild olive, rugged as it was, asunder on the invincible brute's maned skull. Before he could come at me, he fell, dropping down on the ground and stood on trembling feet swaying his head, for darkness swam about his eyes swaying his head, for darkness swam about his eyes at the stunning shock to the brain's core.”
~ Theocritus, Idylls 25. 132 ff
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_308.JPG
Taras, Calabria59 views400-390 BC (Period II)
AR Nomos (22mm, 7.74g, 2h).
O: Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding akrostolion in extended right hand; Λ below, all within linear border.
R: Naked ephebe holding small shield in left hand, dismounting from horse cantering left; ΤΑΡΑΣ below, all within linear border.
Vlasto 309; Fischer-Bossert Group 26, 339 (V154/R263); Evans II, type C; Cote 108; McGill II, 13; HN Italy 849
ex CNG
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1680.JPG
Taras, Calabria77 views280-228
AR Diobol (11mm, 1.04g)
O: Two horse heads, joined at truncation; four ):( symbols around.
R: Two horse heads back-to-back; four ):( symbols around.
Vlasto 1688 (trihemiobol); McGill II, 210v (trihemiobol); HN Italy 1072 (diobol); Sear 353v (diobol)
Rare
From the E.E. Clain Stefanelli collection. ex Naville Numismatics

Vlasto defines this series as ‘trihemiobols’, claiming the ):( symbol to be a mark of value. Whether this is true, and if so why this symbol relates to a trihemiobol, which suggests an approximate weight of .75g, I cannot say. However based on an obol of .50g I would have to agree with Rutter et al and declare this type to be a diobol.
5 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1260.JPG
Taras, Calabria35 views380-334BC
AR Diobol (13mm, 0.88)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with hippocamp.
R: Herakles kneeling right with club in right hand, wrestling the Nemean lion; quiver below.
Vlasto 1260; HN Italy 911; Sear 351v
ex Robert Ball Nchf, Berlin (1917-1934);
ex Aegean Numismatics

2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1139v.JPG
Taras, Calabria36 views520-473 BC.
AR Obol (9.5mm., 0.48g).
O: Head of nymph Satyra right.
R: Three crescents facing outward around central pellet.
Vlasto 1139v (head left); HN Italy 924v (head left)
Very Rare
ex Savoca Coins

A rare and unpublished variety with the nymph facing right. Vlasto knew of only the left-facing type, and his specimen may have been unique.
I’ve gone with Vlasto’s dating on this one, although based on style I believe this should probably be revised to a slightly later date.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1668v.JPG
Taras, Calabria34 views280-228 BC
AR Obol (10mm, 0.57g).
O: Kantharos; pellet above and to right, flying Nike with wreath to left.
R: Kantharos; pellet above and to left, E to right.  
Vlasto 1668v (Nike to right); HN Italy 1076
Scarce
ex London Ancient Coins

Another unpublished variety, this one a mirror image of Vlasto 1668, with Nike flying left instead of right.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_822.JPG
Taras, Calabria54 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.18g, 2h).
O: Youth on horseback left, crowning horse; cornucopia in field to right, |-APEAC (magistrate) below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding kantharos in extended right hand and upright trident in left; POΛY behind, ΤΑΡΑΣ below..
Vlasto 822; Evans VIII, A4; Cote 456; HN Italy 997; cf Sear 374
From the W. H. Guertin Collection; ex CNG

The symbolism of the cornucopia has many origins in ancient lore, from the story of Zeus and Amaltheia to that of Herakles and the river-god Acheloos. Dionysus is also associated with the “horn of plenty”.
All of these deities were venerated at Taras, so the appearance of the cornucopia on this coin may be connected to any of the three, although the kantharos in Taras‘ extended right hand on the reverse makes the cult of Dionysus quite compelling.
George Brauer Jr. (‘Taras: Its History and Coinage’) suggests that the cornucopia can represent “the fruits of war”, and while the city of Taras was constantly fighting one battle or another during its long history, I believe the commonly seen Nike would be a more appropriate symbol of a military victory, and the passive nature of this particular type, with Taras holding his trident in a decidedly non-threatening posture, also seems to argue against this idea. In addition the fact that the city had just been subdued by Rome would apparently put Brauer’s theory to rest, at least in this case.
Of course the answer may be as simple as a local celebration of a particularly prosperous year, or a thank you to Demeter for an abundant harvest. We may never know for certain, but this kind of speculation can be half the fun of collecting!
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_847.JPG
Taras, Calabria35 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (19mm, 6.36g)
O: Naked youth on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand; ∆I above, ΦIΛΩ / TAC in two lines below.
R: Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding kantharos and distaff; cock standing left behind, TAPAΣ below.
Vlasto 847; Evans VIII, A11; Cote 485; McGill II, 96; HN Italy 1024; SNG ANS 1173-77
ex Numisantique

The cock on the reverse of this coin may be a reference to Apollo, or might symbolize ‘a new dawn rising’, possibly referring to Taras’ recent alliance with their old nemesis, Rome.
However it is more likely that this is simply a symbol of the magistrate under whom this coin was struck, in this case one Philotos, which was not an uncommon practice on these post-Pyrrhic didrachms of Taras.
1 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1596.JPG
Taras, Calabria51 views325-280 BC
AR Hemilitron (10mm, 0.39g, 11h)
O: Scallop Shell.
R: Dolphin leaping right; hare below.
Vlasto 1596; HN Italy 980
ex Saint Paul Antiques
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_855.JPG
Taras, Calabria52 views272-235 BC (Period VIII - The Roman Alliance I)
AR Didrachm (18.5mm, 6.50g)
O: Nude youth on horseback right, placing wreath on horse's head; ΦI behind, I-ΩΠ-YPO-[Σ] (magistrate) below.
R: Taras riding dolphin left, holding cornucopiae and trident; bee to right, Τ-ΑΡΑΣ below.
Vlasto 855; Evans VIII, B2; McGill II, 99; Cote 490-92; HN Italy 1029 SNG ANS 1183
ex Dr. Busso Peus; ex Germania Inferior Numismatics

Evans calls the insect on this reverse a cicada, a very important symbol in ancient times (see J.C.B Petropolous’ marvelous work ‘Heat and Lust; Hesiod’s Midsummer Festival Scene Revisited’, a very insightful look at ancient agricultural and fertility practices). However Vlasto lists this as a bee, and I tend to think this is likely. It sure looks more like a bee to me.
It’s a real pity that the obverse is struck off-center here, as the artistic and natural rendering of the horse is not typical of these late period didrachms.
3 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1431.JPG
Taras, Calabria45 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (11.5mm, 0.85g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
R: Herakles kneeling left on back of Nemean lion and holding him by the tail, about to beat lion with club held overhead; owl below.
Vlasto 1431; cf McGill II, 180; SNG ANS 1463; SNG France 2129; SNG ANS 1463; HN Italy 1065
ex Eukratides Ancient Numismatics

Here we see Herakles, having strangled the Nemean lion into submission, about to deliver the decisive blow. His knee is on its back and he has the lion by the tail, club raised to bash the life out of the beast.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1850.jpg
Taras, Calabria43 views281-209 BC
AE 14 (13.5mm, 1.85g)
O: Scallop shell with 11 teeth.
R: Kithara with six strings; olive branch to left.
Vlasto 1850; HN Italy 1092; SNG France- ---; McGill ---; Cote ---
Very Rare
ex Agora Auctions

This very rare bronze is the last 'official' Tarentine coin listed in Vlasto's collection. The lyre is, of course, symbolic of Apollo, and while such a reference is not typically seen on the more common coins of Taras, the cult of Apollo Hyakanthus was strong in the city (as well as in the mother city of Sparta) and may be seen represented on the earliest (and very rare) incuse coinage struck here, as well as various gold issues.
While not stunning in its beauty, I have only found two other specimens online, and so was very glad to find one for myself.



2 commentsEnodia
V_1118.jpg
Taras, Calabria107 views480-470 BC
AR Hexante (5mm, 0.08g)
O: Scallop shell with 7 teeth, within linear border.
R: Wheel with four spokes.
Vlasto 1118; Cote 11; SNG France 1617; HN Italy 836
Rare
From the E.E. Clain-Stephanelli collection. ex Naville Numismatics

How many angels can dance on the head of a pin? Only a few less than can dance on this coin!
This tiny and rare little coin is now the smallest in my collection. Being but 5mm and weighing less than 1/10th of a gram, this coin is about the size the LED 'Power On' light on a small device.


4 commentsEnodia
V_1315.jpg
Taras, Calabria47 views380-334 BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.24g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla hurling a stone.
R: Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean lion; A above.
Vlasto 1315; HN Italy 976
From the D. Alighieri collection. ex CNG

I acquired this coin mainly for the provenance, but also because, despite the fact that the Vlasto catalog claims it to be "of barbarous style", I think the fully crested portrait of Athena is quite pretty.





2 commentsEnodia
Taras.jpg
Taras, Calabria65 views302-281 BC (Period VI)
AR Didrachm (20.5mm, 7.88g)
Arethon magistrate.
O: Naked boy of androgynous aspect crowning horse standing right, left foreleg raised; ΣA above, APE/ΘΩN (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Phalanthos riding dolphin left, holding tripod in extended right hand; TAPAΣ around to right, CAΣ below.
Vlasto 666; Evans VI, A-1; Cote 321; McGill II, 59; SNG France 1869; HN Italy 957; SNG Cop 862; SNG ANS 1046-50
ex Germania Inferior Numismatics

Struck between the time of Kleonymos and the coming of Pyrrhus, Period VI represents the first appearance of the full length magistrate signatues on Tarentine coinage, in this case one Arethon.
This type (along with Vlasto 836) is possibly the most common didrachm in the entire series. Still, this specimen is very well centered with a full tripod showing on the flan, and has some nice golden highlights which i find quite appealing.
4 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1123.jpg
Taras, Calabria60 views520-473 BC
AR Hexante (5mm, 0,11g)
O: Wheel of four spokes.
R: Wheel of four spokes.
Vlasto 1123; SNG France 1620; HN Italy 978
Rare
ex Goduto

The spoked wheel motif was fairly common on archaic Greek coins, and its simplicity of design was especially suited to diminutive silver coins such as this one.




2 commentsEnodia
Taras_Herakles.jpg
Taras, Calabria63 views325-280 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 1.07g)
O: Head of young Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress.
R: Herakles standing right, strangling the Nemean lion; TH above, club and astragalos behind, Φ between legs.
Vlasto 1355; Cote 190; HN Italy 978; Sear 352
Scarce
ex CDMA

Here once again is the battle scene being played out between Herakles and the Nemean lion, however on this coin we see the head of a relatively young Herakles in place of the usual helmeted Athena.
This variation is much scarcer than most of the Athena types.
3 commentsEnodia
V_1047.jpg
Taras, Calabria46 views302-280 BC (Period VI)
AR Drachm (17mm, 3.18g)
Zor... magistrate.
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla hurling stone.
R: Owl with folded wings standing right; TAP behind, ZOP (magistrate) and club to right.
Vlasto 1055; SNG France 1936-37; HN Italy 975; Sear 367v
ex TN Numismatics
2 commentsEnodia
V_975.jpg
Taras, Calabria48 views212-209 BC (Period X - The Punic Occupation)
AR Half-Shekel (Reduced Nomos) (19mm, 3.28g)
Sogenis magistrate.
O: Nude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ behind, ΣΩΓE - NHΣ (magistrate) in two lines below.
R: Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae in right arm and Nike who crowns him with wreath in left; TAPA[Σ] below.
Vlasto 975-77; Evans X, B-1; SNG France 2064; McGill II, 119-20; HN Italy 1079
Very Scarce
ex Praefectus Coins

At half the weight of the previous ‘didrachms’ from Taras, this half-shekel coin was minted during the Punic occupation of the city from 212-209 BC.
The story of Hannibal’s capture of Tarentum is fascinating, but of far too great a scope to cover here. Courage and endurance, intrigue and treachery all played a part in the Carthaginians desperate need of a southern naval port to continue Hannibal’s dream of conquering the Italian peninsula. Yet after an occupation of three years he was forced to withdraw from the city, virtually ending the second Punic War. However with a naval command post and a way to access reinforcements and supplies from Carthage, who knows what shape the history of Rome might have taken?

1 commentsEnodia
V_157.jpg
Taras, Calabria45 views473-450 BC
AR Drachm (Half Nomos) (16mm, 3.53g)
O: Forepart of hippocamp with pointed wings right; TAPAΣ (retrograde) counterclockwise behind, scallop shell below.
R: Head of nymph Satyra right; TA clockwise behind, all within incuse circle.
Vlasto 157-59; Cote 60; HN Italy 839; SNG France 1610; SNG ANS 846
Rare
ex Savoca Coins

A rare early drachm, sometimes referred to as a 'half nomos'. The hippocamp could be seen as a Pegasus, but that device was unknown in Tarentine coinage while the hippocamp was quite common, and the scallop shell certainly gives credence to that idea.
Alfred Hands places this type much earlier, perhaps as early as 520 BC, while Ratto (the Cote catalog) suggests that the nymph is actually the obverse due to the retrograde ethnic.

1 commentsEnodia
Taras_crab.jpg
Taras, Calabria54 views4th-3rd century BC
AR Diobol (12mm, 1.13g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with Skylla.
R: Herakles kneeling right, wrestling the Nemean lion; crab above, club behind.
HN Italy 976; Vlasto ----; Cote ---; SNG France ----; McGill ---
Scarce
ex Pavlos S. Pavlou

A scarce variety with the crab control mark, unlisted in most major references.
2 commentsEnodia
Vlasto_1416.jpg
Taras, Calabria39 views302-228 BC (Period VIII)
AR Diobol (13mm, 0.87g)
O: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet.
R: Herakles standing left, strangling the Nemean lion; club behind, TAPAN(?) to left.
cf Vlasto 1416-19; HN Italy 1064
Rare
ex Nomos (Obolos II)

This coin was sold as being from Teate, Apulia and Vlasto claims that this type was minted "in alliance with Teate". Both of these opinions are based on the ethnic reading TIATI, which it may, but I am not entirely convinced that it doesn't in fact read TAPAN.
In either case it is a very scarce type with Herakles facing left in his struggle with the Nemean lion, and is very similar to my specimen of the Vlasto 1415 diobol but without the Ionic capital below Herakles' club.


1 commentsEnodia
nL498MqDx5ZA6Hp47gxStQ2p6rHWws.jpg
Taras, Calabria10 views420-228 BC
AR Hemilitra (8mm, 0.33g)
O: Scallop shell with seven teeth.
R: Dolphin with large eye left.
Vlasto 1551
Scarce
From the M.P Vlasto collection. ex Herakles Numismatics

A scarce type with the dolphin swimming left.

4 commentsEnodia
20190408_171251.jpg
Taras, Calabria 31 views302-228 BC
AR Diobol (11mm, 0.82g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with wing.
R: Herakles standing right, wrestling the Nemean lion; club behind, TAPAN above.
cf Vlasto 1365; HN Italy 976
Scarce
ex Savoca Coins

2 commentsEnodia
9i6NbLP4Ba7Dc3Jqnf6D5Qgcm8CHEa.jpg
Taras, Calabria9 views302-228 BC
AR Hemiobol (8mm, 0.25g)
O: Scallop shell with seven teeth, within linear border.
R: Two crescents back to back, with two pellets above and below.
Vlasto 1789-91; SNG France 2258-60; Cote 181; HN Italy 926
Very scarce
From the M.P Vlasto collection. ex Herakles Numismatics
3 commentsEnodia
image00031.jpg
Taras, Calabria34 views380-345 BC (Period III - The Age of Archytas)
AR Didrachm (20mm, 7.83g)
O: Naked ephebus with radiate hair riding galloping horse right, all within linear border.
R: Taras astride dolphin left, holding akrostolian in extended right hand, left hand on dolphins back; H (signature) on dolphins flank, ΤΑΡΑΣ below, all within linear border.
Vlasto 362; Fischer- Bossert 381 (V168/R296); SNG France 1712; McGill II, 19; Jameson 110; HN Italy 870
Rare
ex Roma Numismatics; ex Forvm Ancient Coins

Once again we see the 'H' signature on the side of the dolphin, although here we have a much less static horseman.
H only appears for a brief moment in Period III, and while Evans has an essay specifically dedicated to artist signatures he makes no mention of the enigmatic H or his galloping horse obverse.
On the engraver's few known specimens the signatures are all uniquely placed on the dolphin's flank.


4 commentsEnodia
20191012_133554.jpg
Taras, Calabria23 views325-280 BC
AR Tritemorion (3/4 Obol) (8mm, 0.38g)
O: Bridled head of horse right.
R: Bridled head of horse right; Φ to right.
cf Vlasto 1716; SNG France 2236; McGill II, 211v; HGC I, 926v; Cote 520v; Sear 358v; HN Italy 981
ex LAC

Possibly an unpublished variety with this control mark.


1 commentsEnodia
Taras,_Calabria.jpg
TARAS, CALABRIA AR Diobol Vlasto 1316, Herakles55 viewsOBV: Head of Athena in crested helmet left decorated with Skylla
REV: Herakles kneeling right, strangling lion
1.2g, 11mm

Struck at Taras, 380-334 BC
4 commentsLegatus
Taras,_Calabria_AR_diobol,_325-280_BC.jpg
Taras, Calabria AR diobol, 325-280 BC21 viewsCalabria, Taras
AR diobol
Taras, 325-280 BC
head of Athena r., wearing crested Attic helmet
Herakles fighting Nemean lion, club behind
SGCV I 351
Ardatirion
tarent_obol.jpg
Taras, Calabria, AR Trihemiobol. Athena/ Hercules abusing lion9 viewsTaras, Calabria, AR Trihemiobol. 3rd century B.C. 0,8g, 13mm. Head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet / Hercules kneeling right, strangling Nemean lion, club behind. Cf. SGCV I 351var.Podiceps
80932q00.jpg
Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 325 - 280 B.C.25 viewsSilver diobol, S 352, HN Italy 976, VF, Taras mint, 1.040g, 10.7mm, 0o, c. 325 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested helmet; reverse [TARAN], Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean Lion

ex FORVM
areich
2012-12-29_coinsoldnikontestdec20121.jpg
Taras, Dolphin57 viewsTaras, Calabria
Circa 520-473 BC
AR Litra (12mm, 0.8g)
O" Scallop shell within linear border
R: Dolphin right within linear border; scallop shell below, ΤΑΡΑΣ (retrograde) above
Vlasto 1135; HN Italy 831.

Thank you to Enodia & Taras for the ID!
2 commentsRobin Ayers
63460q00.jpg
Taras, Tarentum, Silver Litra c. 500-430 B.C.17 viewsTaras, Tarentum, Calabria, Italy Silver Diobol c. 500-430 B.C.,
Taras mint, 9.9mm, 0.816 grams, die axis 135 degrees.
Obv: Cockle shell, linear border.
Rev: Head of Taras(?) left, in round incuse.
Ref: Vlasto 1160 (same dies).
Very Rare. VF.
mjabrial
Vlasto_1415.jpg
Taras. Circa 280-228 BC. AR Diobol26 viewsCALABRIA, Taras. Circa 280-228 BC. AR Diobol (10mm, 0.82 g).

Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet / Herakles standing left fighting the Nemean lion; club right. Vlasto 1415; HN Italy 1064. VF, some light smoothing in the fields on the both sides.
1 commentsLeo
Taras,_Calabria,_Italy,_c__325_-_280_B_C_,_diobol.JPG
Taras; diobol; Athena/ Heracles abusing the Nemean lion12 viewsTaras, Calabria, Italy, c. 325 - 280 B.C., diobol. Silver diobol, SGCV I 351, HN Italy 976, VF, Taras mint, 1.040g, 10.7mm, 0o, c. 325 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested helmet; reverse [ΤΑΡΑΝ], Herakles kneeling right, strangling the Nemean Lion. Ex FORVM & areich, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Vlasto_437_(these_dies).jpg
Tarentum AR Nomos158 viewsITALY. Calabria , Taras (c.380-340 B.C.), Silver Nomos, 7.65g.
Naked ephebos, holding a small round shield and a lance, vaulting from a cantering horse left, ├ below horse. Rev. TAPAΣ , Taras as an ephebos seated astride dolphin to left, holding a Corinthian helmet in his right hand and leaning on the back of the dolphin with his left, I and waves below (Fischer-Bossert 657 (V252/R509); Vlasto 437 (these dies); SNG ANS 929 (these dies); SNG Lloyd 169). An almost invisible metal-flaw on reverse, of charming style, attractively toned, about extremely fine.
Ex:The Prospero Collection (The New York Sale, Auction XXVII, 2012)

The city of Tarentum was renowned throughout the ancient world for the quality of its horsemen, who served as mercenary cavalry for many foreign kings including Antigonos I, Demetrios I and Alexander of Epirus. The horsemen of Tarentum served as hippokontistai (mounted javelinmen), or in their specific case, elaphroi (skirmishing cavalry which throw javelins and dismount for hand to hand combat), but such was their fame that the term Tarantinoi came to mean any such skirmishing cavalry unit, regardless of their origin. Indeed, Asklepiodotos mentions Tarantinarchos (leader of Tarentines) as a military rank in Hellenistic Athens.
The scene depicted here is from an equestrian event of the Hyakinthia (the ceremonial games of Hyakinthian Apollo) which celebrated those special skills necessary in war. The armed rider would dismount at full gallop, run alongside his horse, and then remount in stride.
4 commentsLeo
Taras_Diobol.jpg
Tarentum Diobol -- 4th Century BC20 views1.11 g, __ mm, 150°
Minted at Tarentum
Silver Diobol
SNG Copenhagen 973ff

Obverse: Helmeted Head of Athena Left.
Reverse: Herakles Strangling Nemean Lion; First Labor.

Tarentum, a city in Southern Italy, began as the Greek colony of Taras circa 706 BC. It was the only colony founded by the Lacedaemons. Taros was founded by Partheniae (Sons of Virgins), bastard sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta) and named after the son of Poseidon, Taras. Other legends claim that either Taras himself or Herakles founded the city, both of whom are represented on much of the city's coinage. Taras won its first two wars against Rome for control of Southern Italy, but was conquered in 272 BC. The reverse of this coin shows Herakles strangling the Nemean Lion. According to legend, Hera drove Herakles mad, causing him to kill his wife and six sons before he regained his sanity. Seeking to atone, he visited the Oracle of Delphi, Pythoness, who told him that he must serve King Eurystheus of Tiryns for 12 years before being forgiven and gaining immortality. King Eurystheus ordered Herakles to perform 10 labors, but refused to count 2 of them because Herakles had help, leading to the 12 total mythical Labors of Herakles. The first of these was the slaying of a lion impervious to mortal weapons which was terrorizing the polis of Nemea. Herakles solved this feat by strangling it to death with his bare hands.
Hydro
Thourioi.JPG
Thurii, Lucania58 views300-280 BC
AR Didrachm (21mm, 7.67g)
O: Head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with Skylla hurling a stone.
R: Bull butting right; ΘOYPIΩN and ΘE above, tunny fish in ex.
SNG ANS 1081; HN Italy 1870; Sear 443v (no inscription on exergual line)
From the Frederick H. Rindge collection; ex Jack H. Beymer

Rising from the ruins of New Sybaris, Thurii was originally planned by Perikles of Athens as a Greek utopia. Scientists, artists, poets and philosophers from all over the Greek mainland were encouraged to immigrate to southern Italy around 443 BC to help establish this new city tucked against the mountains between two rivers on the west coast of the Tarentine Gulf. Among those accepting the challenge was Herodotus, who finished his ‘Histories’ here before his death in 420. The sophist Protagoras of Abdera also came, and was commissioned to write the new city’s democratic constitution.
However this idea of a peaceful colony of free-thinkers was destined to be short-lived. By 413 BC the colony was at war with mother-city Athens, and in 390 Thourii suffered a significant defeat by the Lucanians. In response the Thurians called in help from Rome to deal with this threat, and then again in 282 for its’ war with Taras. The city was plundered by Hannibal of Carthage during the second Punic war, who left it in ruin.
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Zoilos_II_(55-35_BCE)_drachm_(AR).jpg
Zoilos II (ca. 55-35 BCE) drachm (AR)9 viewsObv.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΖΟΙΛΟΥ (Diademed and draped bust right) Rev. Maharajasa tratarasa Jhoilasa (Athena Promachos advancing left, hurling thunderbolt and holding shield) Field: Monogram(s) Weight: 2.28 g. Diameter: 16.5 mm. Reference: Bopearachchi 363, HGCS 12/465Nick.vdw
TarasARnomos_nymph_behind.jpg
[2000a] Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 272 - 235 B.C.61 viewsSilver nomos, Vlasto 877, gVF, Taras mint, 6.497g, 20.0mm, 45o, c. 272 - 235 BC. Obverse: DI above, API-STI/KL-HS below, nude youth on horseback right, spearing downward; Reverse: TARAS, Phalanthos on dolphin left, holding trident; nymph head behind. Ex FORVM.

As the world's foremost numismatist, David R. Sear, has said, 'Magna Graecia and Sicily . . . undoubtedly represent the finest examples of numismatic art in the ancient world. Personally, I am quite drawn to the coins of Taras (Tarentum) because of their infinite variety of types on the basic theme of horseman and dolphin-rider.'

This "variation on a theme" concept appeals to me on many levels, and I am reminded of Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn. This masterpiece was, in fact, not composed by Haydn but Johannes Brahms. The B-flat major theme was "borrowed" from Haydn by Brahms for his composition. But there is another nice twist; modern scholarship, for the most part, now agrees that the theme wasn't Haydn's at all. He, too, had "borrowed" it.

So what does this detour into audio art's "variation on a theme" business have to do with numismatics? The ancient Greeks have a wonderful word for art "based upon" art; the word is ekphrasis (ecphrasis). It comes from the Greek ek 'out' and phrasis 'speak'. The verb ekphrazein, means to proclaim or call. One example of ekphrasis is a painting of a sculpture: the painting is "telling the story of" the sculpture, and so becoming a storyteller, as well as a story (work of art) itself. Or it may operate the other way round. Any art may describe any other art. In a manner that I find captivating, I understand these silver nomos of Taras as numismatic art "telling the story of" numismatic art: at once the story teller and the story.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
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