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Search results - "Standard"
DenMAntonioLegIII.jpg
181 viewsLegionary Denarius - 32/31 BC. - Mint moving with Mark Anthony (Patrae?)
MARCVS ANTONIVS - Gens Antonia
Obv.: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley right
Rev.: LEG III, eagle between standards.
Gs. 3,6 mm. 17,20x17,96
Craw. 544/15, Sear 1479, Grueber II (East) 193

2 commentsMaxentius
DenMAntonioLegII.jpg
39 viewsMark Anthony Legionary Denarius. 32-31 B.C.
Obv.: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian Galley
Rev.: / LEG II, eagle between standards.
g. 3,2 mm. 16,5
Cr544/14
Maxentius
PHILIP1-4~0.jpg
45 viewsPHILIP I - Sestertius - Mint of Rome - 247/249
Ob.: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; laureate and draped bust right
Rev.: FIDES EXERCITVS S C; four standards
gs. 15,1 mm. 28
Cohen 51, RIC 171a
Maxentius
Tacitus- Dikaiosyne.jpg
507 viewsTacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.

Obverse:
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

AK K Λ TAKITOC CEB

AK: AVTOKRATOR is the equivalent of the Latin Imperator, 'emperor'.
K Λ is an abbreviation for K AV IOC, 'Claudius' transliterated into Greek.
TOK: TAKITOC= Tacitus
CEB: SEBASTOS (greek indication for augustus).

With the pellet between TOC . CEB

Reverse:
ETOVC A (year 1)

Dikaiosyne standing left holding scales in right hand and cornucopia in left. Diakaiosyne is the Greek equivalent of Aequitas ('Equity, Fair Dealing' to quote Sear).

Domination: Billon TETRAdrachm (4 drachms): size 21 mm

Mint: Alexandria, provincial.

Comment:
These Egyptian issues are not in RIC, but the old standard catalogue for these is Milne, where yours is no. 4492, with the pellet between TOC . CEB. They are also listed in the new Sear vol.III (though in not as much detail), where the nearest is 11831, which doesn't have the pellets in the obverse legend (Milne 4489). Other references : Curtis 1832, BMC 2403v ; Geissen 3115.
1 commentsJohn Schou
10239q00.jpg
82 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 88, VF, 2.24g, 18.4mm, 180o, Antioch mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANH in exareich
coin630.jpg
24 viewsLooks to me like a *very* beat-up Macedonian Alex III
'standard' type - Alexander in lion-skin headdress on
obverse, bow-case and club on reverse with some
inscription (often ALEXANDROY) in between them.
This might be the 1/2-size of the typical 5-7gm
20mm piece. Coin #630
cars100
00170-Macrinus.JPG
126 viewsMacrinus Denarius
20 mm 3.05 gm
O: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG
Bust draped and cuirassed right.
R: FIDES MILITVM PRINC IVVENTVTI
Fides standing front, head right, right foot on helmet, holding standard in each hand.
2 commentsJohn Campbell
abm_tetricus_fides_long_leg.jpg
18 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse FIDES MILITVM

IMP C P ESV TETRIC[VS AVG], Radiate, cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Adrianus
Philip_II_with_captive_on_reverse.jpg
73 viewsPHILIPPUS II; Issue 3; 245-247
AR Antoninianus (3.27 g.)
Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES;Bust of Philip r.
Reverse: PRINCIPI I-VVENT;Philip, spear, globe, captive.
RIC 219var. (standard instead of spear). C. 57.
2 commentspaul1888
Tetricus_I_concordia2.jpg
32 viewsTetricus I, Mint II, reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM
IMP TE[TRIC]VS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
CONCORD[IA MI]LITVM, Concordia standing left with patera an cornucopia, standard behind
Normanby -
Weight 3.62g

A previously unknown issue which links typologically to Tetricus CONCORDIA AVG issues (Mint I) and FIDES MILITVM issues (Mint II) and Domitianus' CONCORDIA MILITVM type (Mint II).
Adrianus
bsiszzz.jpg
31 viewsSiscia
RIC VIII 99, B Constans, AE4. CONSTAN-S PF AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them, chi-rho on banner. Mintmark: BSIS dot in crescent. RIC VIII Siscia 99.
Patrick O3
Constantine_I,_soldiers__standards,_Antioch,_330-335_AD~0.JPG
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constans,_soldiers___standard,_Antioch,_346-348_AD.JPG
10 viewsAntonivs Protti
Constans,_soldiers__standards,_346-348_AD~0.JPG
4 viewsAntonivs Protti
TAMAR___DAVIT_Regular_Coinage.jpg
78 viewsGEORGIAN KINGDOM, QUEEN TAMAR, (1184-1213 AD) K'ORONIKON, 420 = 1200 AD; Obv.: Bagratid royal emblem in the form of a standard, to left and right: Initials for T'amar and David; in the corners, Georgian date formula, K'K Ví K (420 of the Paschal cycle = AD 1200). Two Counterstamps. Rev.: Christian inscriptions in arabic script, which reads: 1st line: Malekat al-Malekaat(s) / 2nd line Jellal Al-Dunya Wal Din / 3rd line : Tamar Ibnat Kurki / 4th line : Zahir Al-Massih. Translation: Queen of Queens Glory of the World and Faith T'amar daughter of Giorgi Champion of the Messiah. Reference: LANG # 11.

Reverse inscriptions read :
ملكة الملكات
جلال الدنيا و الدين
تمار ابنة كوركى
ظهير المسيح
dpaul7
ANTLEGXV.jpg
73 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint

32-31BC

Patrae mint

3.16g


32-31BC

The XV is there, much easier to see in hand.

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4
Philip_II_prince.jpg
56 viewsPHILIPPUS II; Issue 3; 245-247
AR Antoninianus (3.27 g.)
Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES;Bust of Philip r.
Reverse: PRINCIPI I-VVENT;Philip, spear, globe, captive.
RIC 219var. (standard instead of spear). C. 57.
1 commentspaul1888
13019_81_1.jpg
18 viewsTripura, Amara Manikya, Tanka, 10.61g, Sk 1499, citing Queen Amaravati, similar to previous lot, but standard type 'k', small pellet in front of lion, and Śake divided by lion's front foot (RB. 161; KM. 90)SpongeBob
13019_89_1.jpg
21 viewsTripura, Rajadhara Manikya, Tanka, 10.58g, Sk 1508, citing Queen Satyavati, similar to previous lot but different standard (type 'p'?), and no bead to the left of it (RB. 178; KM. 97)SpongeBob
100_1889_crop.JPG
185 viewsHere is an example of a cabinet showing three different available styles of trays for storage. At the top is a standard round recess type tray....very traditional.

In the middle is an open format tray for displaying items "free form", or for items of unusual sizes/shapes such as large medals, military decorations or pocket watches.

On the bottom is a new offering; a drawer for slabs. Each drawer can hold 30 slabs from any of the three major slabbing firms; PCGS, NCG, or ANACS. Other commercial, or "DIY" slabs should also fit, provided they are no larger than any from the "big three" firms.

www.CabinetsByCraig.net
cmcdon0923
lot943919.jpg
21 viewsFaustina II. Silver Denarius (3.27 g), Augusta, AD 147-175. Rome, under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, AD 161-164/5. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust of Faustina II right, with single circle of pearls around head. Reverse: IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter. RIC -; BMC -; RSC -. Unpublished in the standard references without the peacock. Normally a peacock is shown standing at the feet of Juno on the reverse. On this coin, the bird is missing.Quant.Geek
110353LG.jpg
10 viewsPostumus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 260-269. BI antoninianus (20 mm, 3.04 g, 7 h). Treveri, A.D. 266. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right / FIDES [E]XERCITVS, four military standards. RIC 303; Mairat 120; AGK 20; RSC 65. Quant.Geek
conricx.jpg
Constantine I "The Great" 306-337 CE 25 viewsConstantine I, AE 3, 16 mm, 2.2 g. RIC VII 350
Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette- diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners.
Mintmark R wreath P. Rome mint
NORMAN K
rjb_car_3_05_06.jpg
12?59 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG?
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: COHR(T) PRAET
Four standards
London? mint
-/-//ML
RIC 12?
There look to be traces of ML in the exergue. If not then this is RIC 741
mauseus
vic_avg_3.jpg
2 Augustus, Philippi53 viewsAUGUSTUS
Macedon, Philippi
AE 19mm (Semis)

VIC AVG, Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm / COHOR PRAE PHIL, three military standards.

SNG ANS 677; SNG Copenhagen 305, BMC 23, SGI 32, RPC 1651 VF
RI0069
Sosius
Caligula_Provincial_cassand.jpg
4 Caligula AE16 of Cassandrea15 viewsCassandrea, Macedonia
AE16, Time of Caligula

Standard/Vexilla with crescents above // CAS/SAN/DR within wreath

Thanks to FORVM member Quisquam for helping me attribute this little coin.
RI0017
Sosius
con336s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII Rome 33628 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18mm, 2.3 g. Rome.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark RBS, Rome. 337-340 CE issue
NORMAN K
constantiusii91e.jpg
Constantius II, RIC 91E siscia18 viewsConstantius II AE 3
Obverse: CONSTANTI-VS PF AVG, rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears in one hand and resting the other hand on shield with one standard between them.
episilon SIS crescent, Siscia mint, 16.75 mm., 1.9 g.
NORMAN K
Gordian_Sear_2523.jpg
1 Gordian III31 viewsGordian III
AE of Nicea

O: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, Radiate, draped bust r.

R: N-I-K-A-I, EWN in ex.; Two standards surmounted by capricorns between two standards

Rec. Gen 711

Rare. According to Dane Kurtz's list, copies include this coin, plus: "Geoff Hintze's collection, another sold on ebay in June 2006 by del550 (DRG Coins, England), another sold on ebay in Dec. 2008 by biggyg2"

Sosius
Gordian_III_Nicea_3_Standards.jpg
1 Gordian III17 viewsGordian III
AE of Nicea

O: M ANT GORDIANOC AVG, Radiate, draped bust r.

R: N-IK-AI-E, WN in ex., three standards

Nemesis 9704
Sosius
rjb_car2_01_09.jpg
149bis53 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "PROVID DEO"
Providentia standing right holding two standards facing Carausius standing left
London mint
-/-//ML
RIC - (149 bis)
1 commentsmauseus
Hadrian_RIC_848.jpg
15 Hadrian As, travel series, Cappadocia44 viewsHADRIAN
AE As
HADRIANVS AVG COS III PP, draped bust right / CAPPADOCIA S-C, Cappadocia, towered, in tunic & cloak with tassles, standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus & standard.
RIC 848; gVF, pitting
This coin seems to have suffered from bronze disease in the past, and appears to have lost its patina as a result of the BD treatment.
RI0096
1 commentsSosius
rjb_car2_03_09.jpg
22662 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FIDES MILITVM"
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 226
Ex Vogelaar collection
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car3_03_09.jpg
22961 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "FIDES MILITV"
Four standards
Camulodunum mint
-/-//SPC
RIC 229
mauseus
Caracalla_AE23_Nicea.jpg
25 Caracalla AE 23 of Nicea9 viewsCaracalla
AE 23 of Nicea

Radiate bust right / Three standards

(not in catalogs with radiate bust)
Sosius
Elagabalus_Denarius.jpg
29 Elagabalus 28 viewsELAGABALUS
Denarius, 2.8 g, 219 AD

IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust r. / FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides seated left, holding eagle in r. hand and standard in l. hand, 2nd standard before

RIC 68, RSC 30a aEF
Ex-Artifact Man (vCoins)
1 commentsSosius
Decius_Prov_areich.jpg
3 Trajan Decius11 viewsTrajan Decius, July 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Antiochia, Pisidia, Central Asia Minor

Trajan Decius
AE 24, Antiochia Mint

IMP CAES C MESS Q TRA DECIO TRAI AV, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / ANTIO - CHICO, eagle on vellexium between two standards topped with wreaths, S R in ex

BMC Lycia, etc p 198, 125 aF
Ex Andreas Reich
Sosius
Decius_Dacia_Ant.jpg
3 Trajan Decius15 viewsTrajan Decius
AR Antoninianus

IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right / DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head.

RIC 12b, RSC 16.

Holed for jewelry - loop gone.
Sosius
Severina_RIC_13_Siscia.jpg
3.1 Severina18 viewsSeverina
AE Antoninianus. Siscia mint
SEVERINAE AVG, diademed draped bust right on crescent / CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing with two standards.
Cohen 8. RIC 13 Siscia
Sosius
Sev_Alex_BMC_103.jpg
30 Severus Alexander27 viewsSEVERUS ALEXANDER
AE19. Bithynia, Nicaea.

M AVP CEVH ALEXANDROC AV, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / N-IK-AI-E - WN between and beneath three standards.

BMC 103
Sosius
Max_Thrax_Sestertius.jpg
31 Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D.37 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 43, Cohen 10, VF, 23.158g, 32.3mm, 30o, Rome mint, 235 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM S C, Fides standing half-left, military standard in each hand; well centered, nice patina, flan crack, typical squared flan

Purchased from FORVM
1 commentsSosius
Tacitus_RIC_RIC_87a_hwflip.jpg
4 Tacitus12 viewsTACITUS
AR Antoninianus
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate head right / FIDES MILITVM Fides standing, head right, holding standard in each hand, XXIS in ex.
RIC 87 (radiate head). F/aVF
Sosius
rjb_car_11_08.jpg
449cf39 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "FIDES MILIT"
Fides standing left holding two standards
Uncertain mint
S/C//
RIC - (cf 449)
mauseus
rjb_2012_10_26.jpg
571bis47 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
"Denarius"
Obv "[IM]P CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "[P]RINC IVVE[NT]"
Carausius standinding left holding two standards
London mint?
-/-/RSR
RIC -
mauseus
Probus_RIC_Rome_170.jpg
6 Probus49 viewsPROBUS
Antoninianus, Rome Mint
PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust right / FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding standards, R thunderbolt epsilon in ex.
RIC V-2 Rome 170
Sosius
Constantine_RIC_VII_Siscia_120.jpg
65 Constantine I31 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Siscia Mint
Struck 320 AD

O: CONST-ANTINVS AVG, Helmeted cuirassed bust r.

R: VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captives seated to r. and l. below, S in l. field, F/HL in r. field, BSIS* in ex.

RIC VII Siscia 120 (R3), VF, earthen highlights
Sosius
rjb_p8_03_09.jpg
6821 viewsAE sestertius
Trier Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM SC
Fides standing left with two standards
Bastien 68
mauseus
rjb_al_69.jpg
6931 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 69
mauseus
rjb_2012_12_05.jpg
6915 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/P//C
RIC 69
mauseus
rjb_2010_06_01.jpg
69cf18 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF I AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left holding two standards
Camulodunum mint
S/A//C
RIC - (cf69ff)
mauseus
Maxentius_Ostia_RIC_45-sm2.jpg
7 Maxentius21 viewsMaxentius. A.D. 306-312. Ć Follis (24.5 mm, 5.69 g, 6 h). Ostia, A.D. 309-312. IMP C MAXENTIVS PF AVG, laureate head right / FIDES MILITVM AVG N, Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand: MOSTS in exergue. RIC 45. Good VF, brown patina.
Ex Agora Auctions - Nov 2013
Sosius
rjb_post_sest11~2.jpg
7232 viewsAE sestertius
Trier Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left with two standards
Bastien 72
mauseus
_arles_RIC_VII_347_2.jpg
73 Constantius II, Arles RIC VII 342v (added to wildwinds)22 viewsConstantius II
AE18, 2.2g, Arles. 330-348 AD.

FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right / GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields, standing left and right of two standards with thin poles and small badges. Star between standards. Mintmark SCONST.

RIC VII Arles 347v. Sear (2014) 17676 EF, irregular flan

Note: Coin unique due to star placement. Added to Wildwinds in May 2011
Sosius
rjb_2010_10_14.jpg
74129 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv: IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev: COHRT PRAET
Four standards
Unmarked mint
RIC 741
mauseus
rjb_p4_03_09.jpg
7521 viewsAE double sestertius
Trier Mint
IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS PIVS F AVG
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
FIDES MILITVM
Fides standing left with two standards
Bastien 75 (obv. die duplicate)
mauseus
rjb_car_780cf_09_05.jpg
780cf26 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv ".......AVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "FIDES AVG"
Fides standing left holding two standards
Unmarked mint
RIC - (cf 780)
mauseus
rjb_car_781cf_01_06.jpg
781cf36 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF A”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “FIDES MILI”
FIdes standing left holding two standards
Unmarked mint
RIC - (781-3)
mauseus
rjb_car_783.jpg
78331 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “FIDES MILITVM”
Fides standing left with two standards
Unmarked Mint
RIC 783
mauseus
rjb_2010_04_05.jpg
78322 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “FIDES MILITVM”
Fides standing left with two standards
Unmarked Mint
RIC 783
mauseus
Carinus_RIC_160.jpg
8 Carinus37 viewsCARINUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome mint
283-285 A.D.
M AVR CARINVS CAES, radiate and cuirassed bust r. / PRINCIPI IVVENT, Carinus standing left, standard in right hand, scepter in left hand, KA epsilon in ex.
RIC 160
Sosius
Licinius_Sear_3800.jpg
8 Licinius25 viewsLICINIUS I
Ć Follis, Rome, 308-324 AD

IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r. / SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Legionary eagle between two standards; in exergue, RP.

Sear 3800, Fine.
Sosius
913cf.jpg
91468 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF A"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "PAX AVG"
Pax (or Fides?) standing left with two standards
Unmarked mint or irregular?
RIC 914
ex Blackmoor hoard
Obverse and reverse die duplicate of the Voegelaar specimen
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_nerv_02_06.jpg
9624 viewsNerva 96-8 AD
AE dupondius
Obv "IMP NERVA CAES AVG PM TRP COS II PP"
Radiate bust right
Rev "CONCORDIA MILITVM SC"
Clasped hands, standard behind
Rome mint
mauseus
arcadius53.jpg
Arcadius, AE2, RIC IX 53b Constantinople 383-395 CE & 395-408 CE23 viewsObverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding spear, crowned by hand of god above.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard in left hand and resting right hand on shield, captive at feet to the left.
CONR* in ex. Constantinople mint 23.9 mm., 6.1 g.
NORMAN K
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
18d1.jpg
Aurelian RIC 192 Siscia19 viewsAugust or September 270 - October or November 275 CE
Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 192, Siscia mint, 3.9g, 21.1mm, 271 CE.
Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right.
Reverse: CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing half left, holding two standards, Q (=4th officina) right.
NORMAN K
061817.jpg
Carinus, RIC V 251 Rome18 viewsCarinus AE Antoninianus .
Obverse: IMP C M AVR CARINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped &cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by a standard in each haand.
KAE in ex. Rome mint, 23 mm., 2.6 g.
NORMAN K
constans141.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 141 Heraclea20 viewsConstans, AE 3, 333-336 CE.
Obverse: FLI CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers facing each other holding spears and shields with two standards between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint, 17.7mm, 2.4 g.
NORMAN K
lfc.jpg
Constans, RIC VIII 27 Heraclea26 viewsRare left facing Constans as Augustus
Obverse: CONSTANS PF AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped & cuirassed bust left.
Reverse: GLORIA EXER CITVS, two soldiers standing facing each other and holding a spear in one hand and resting the other hand on shield withone standard between them.
SMHE in ex. Heraclea mint. 16.15 mm., 2.2 g.
NORMAN K
constantine261.jpg
Constantine I AE3, RIC VII 261 Siscia 306-337 CE 20 viewsObverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, Rosette diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, Two Soldiers standing to the front, their heads turned inward at standard, both holding a spear and leaning on shield.
Exe: ASIS (star) Siscia mint: 335-336 = RIC VII, 261 17.1 mm., 1.5 g.
NORMAN K
452s.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 252, Siscia35 viewsObverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them. O on banner.
mintmark epsilon SIS star. 17.12 mm, 1.6 g. RIC VII Siscia 252, rated R1
NORMAN K
con199s.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII 199 Thessalonica25 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18.6 mm, 1.8 g. Thessalonica.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark SMTSB Thessalonica. 337-340 CE.
NORMAN K
conii236f.jpg
Constantine II, RIC VII Siscia 23625 viewsConstantine II, AE follis, 18mm, 1.8 g. Siscia.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing, heads facing each other with two standards between them and each holds a spear and hand resting on a shield.
Mintmark dot ESIS dot, 334-335 CE issue
NORMAN K
conii220.jpg
Constantine II, Siscia RIC VII 22028 viewsConstantine II, 334-335 C.E., AE3
Obverse : CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laureate bust right, cuirassed
Reverse : GLOR-IA EXERCITVS-ITVS. Two soldiers facing and holding a spear two standards between them.
ESIS in ex. Siscia 18.7 mm., 1.7 g. RIC VII, 220 p. 453
NORMAN K
aqp.jpg
Constantius II, RIC VII 145, Aquileia, 337-361 CE24 viewsObverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse:GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
Mintmark: dot AQP, Aquileia 15.5 mm., 1.6 g.
RIC VII Aquileia 145
NORMAN K
delmat5s.jpg
Delmatius, Cyzicus RIC 13229 viewsObverse: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two helmeted soldiers facing each other, spear in outer hand, inner hand on shield setting on ground, between them a standard.
SMKD in ex. Cyzicus mint15.4 mm,1.8 g. Rated R3
NORMAN K
__________IMG_1587.jpg
Dora. Trajan. 98-117 AD. Æ 20mm93 views Dora. Trajan. 98-117 AD. Ć 20mm . Dated CY 175 (111/2 AD).
Laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder
Tyche standing left, holding standard and cornucopiae. Y. Meshorer, "The Coins of Dora," INJ 9 (1986-7), pg. 70, 35.
Maritima
Aureolus_RIC_Milan_377.jpg
Gallic 1.5 Aureolus15 viewsAUREOLUS
Rebel general, in name of Postumus
AE Antoninianus, Milan Mint
IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, Radiate bust r. / FIDES EQVIT, Fides seated left, holding patera and standard
RIC V-II Milan 377
Sosius
83353q00_Theodosius_RIC_IX_68a,_F.jpg
GLORIA ROMANORVM, ANT“Δ” in ex; RIC IX 68a Antioch27 viewsTheodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 68a, Antioch mint, 5.657g, 22.6mm, 180o, 392-395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head right holding standard and globe, ANT“Δ” in exergue. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
gordian_nicaeabit.jpg
Gordian III, Bithynia, Nicaea23 views
Bithynia, Nicaea. Gordian III. A.D. 238-244. Ć 20(20.2 mm, 3.6 g ).
Obverse: M ANT ΓOP-ΔIANOC AV, radiate bust right, drapery on shoulder.
Reverse: N-IK-AI-Є/ΩN, three legionary standards, the two outer surmounted by capricorns, the middle by an eagle.
Rec Gen 716; Weiser
NORMAN K
Dolphindidrachm.jpg
Punic occupation half shekel78 viewsNude youth on horseback to left, crowning horse with wreath; IΩ to right, ΣΩΓENHΣ below

Taras astride dolphin to left, holding cornucopiae and Nike who crowns him with wreath; TAPAΣ below.

Calabria, Tarentum ; Punic occupation, circa 212-209 BC

AR Reduced didrachm or Half-Shekel.

2.69g chipped otherwise VF+

Vlasto 975-7; HN Italy 1079.

Ex-ANE

Rare!

The climax of the Carthaginian invasion of Italy was reached when Tarentum changed sides in 212 BC. The takeover of the city was a carefully planned coup by Hannibal and members of the city's democratic faction who opened the gates to Hannibal's army. The Carthaginians failed to take the citadel, but subsequent fortifications around this enemy stronghold enabled the city to remain under Punic control. Hannibal installed his own magistrates and struck coinage based on the Punic half shekel standard.
8 commentsJay GT4
san1s.jpg
Severus Alexander,AE20 of Nicaea, Bithynia. SGI 3287 var. 59 viewsObverse: M AYP CEV AΛEΞAΔΡOC AVΓ; laureate head right
Reverse: NIKA-IEWN to left and right of three standards.
20 mm diam., 4.3 g
SGI 3287 var.
2 commentsNORMAN K
valentinien1-resitvtor-reip-cyzique.JPG
RIC.10a1(var) Valentinian I (AE4, Restitvtor Reip)17 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
Quarter maiorina (?) AE4 : Restitvtor Reip (364-365, Cyzicus mint)

bronze, 17 mm diameter, 1.98 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ RESTITV-TOR REIP / SMK• in exergue; emperor standing facing left, holding l. standard and r. Victory on a globe

Divisonal emission ?
Droger
louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
Droger
philippe2-denier-saintmartin.JPG
Dy.176 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)24 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Saint Martin de Tours)

Billon, 0.96 g, diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 7h
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +SCS MARTINVS; châtel tournois

The livre parisis was a standard for minting coins (and for unit of accounts) inherited from the Carolingians.
In 1203, John (Lackland) lost Anjou to Philip II. The deniers minted at the Saint Martin abbey in Touraine were considered as very stable. So Philip II decided to adopt the livre tournois (tournois means "of Tours", Tours is a French city in Anjou close to Saint Martin abbey) as a new standard denier and unit of account. Livre parisis and livre tournois coexisted for some time but the livre tournois quickly outstripped the livre parisis as a unit of account. Deniers parisis ceased to be struck a little more than a century later, but livre parisis existed till 17th century.
SCS MARTINVS means Sanctus Martinus (Saint Martin). The name of the abbey was temporarily kept on the deniers tournois, but was soon replaced by the name of the city of Tours.
Droger
philippe2-denier-tournois.JPG
Dy.177 Philip II (Augustus): denier tournois (Tours)23 viewsPhilip II, king of France (1180-1223)
Denier tournois (Tours)

Billon, 0.92 g, diameter 19 mm, die axis 10h30
O: PHILIPVS REX; croix pattée
R: +TVRONVS CIVI; châtel tournois

This is the first denier tournois, nearly with the standard and final legend TVRONVS CIVI(S).
Droger
magnus-maximus-victoria.JPG
RIC.33 Magnus Maximus (AE2, Victoria Avg)19 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Victoria Avgg (383-388, Lyon mint)

bronze, 21 mm diameter, 4.41 g, die axis: 6 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VICTOR-IA AVGG / LVGP; emperor standing left, holding victory and standard

RIC.IX 33.1(S)
Droger
trajan_askalon.jpg
(0098)TRAJAN25 views98 - 117 AD
(111/12 AD)
AE 24 mm, 11.99 g
O: ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ laureate head of Trajan, r.
R: ΑΣΚΑΛΩ Tyche-Astarte standing, l., on prow with standard and aphlaston; in l. field, incense altar; in r. field, dove standing l.; to r., date ƐIC
Judaea, Ascalon
Ref. RPC 3 No. 3987; De Saulcy 9; BMC 145; rare
laney
commod_concord_milit_RESIZED.jpg
(0177) Commodus (Concordia Militum)282 views177 - 192 AD
Struck 185 AD
Sestertius 28mm 20.51 g
OBV: Laur Head R
REV: Concordia Militum standing L holding 2 legionary standards/SC

Coin was minted in 186 AD and refers to the unity of purpose among legions that enabled the suppression of Perennis' plot against Commodus in 185 AD
laney
commod_concord_milit_RESIZED~0.jpg
(0177) COMMODUS--CONCORDIA MILITUM56 views177 - 192 AD
Struck 185 AD
Sestertius 28mm 20.51 g
OBV: Laur Head R
REV: Concordia Militum standing L holding 2 legionary standards/SC

Coin was minted in 186 AD and refers to the unity of purpose among legions that enabled the suppression of Perennis' plot against Commodus in 185 AD
laney
carac_nik_eagle_altar_stds.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA17 views198 - 217 AD
AE 25 mm; 8.65 g
O: AV K M AVP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right
R: UP AUR GALLOU NIKOPOLIT PROCI, eagle standing on altar between two military standards, wreath in its beak. .
Nikopolis ad Istrum (Magistrate Aurelius Gallus); Moushmov 1116
d.s.
laney
rhe_vex_res.jpg
(0198) CARACALLA (or ELAGABALUS)36 views198 - 217 AD
AE 15 mm; 3.11 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Two Leg III vexilla, with single standard between
Mesopotamia, Rhesaena
(reverse appears to be unpublished)
laney
AUGUSTUS_COL_PAT-AQUILA.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS28 views27 BC - 14 AD
AE 32mm 20.64g
O: BARE HEAD L
R: AQUILA BETWEEN LEGIONARY STANDARDS
SPAIN, COLONIA PATRICIA (CORDUBA)
laney
aug_vic_stds.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS32 viewsAUGUSTUS
31 BC - 14 AD (time of Octavian/Augustus)
Ć 18mm 4.06 g  
O: VIC AVG, on either side of Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm.
R: COHOR PRAE PHIL, three military standards.
Philippi
SNG ANS 677; SNG Copen 305, SGI 32. RPC 1651. No.3223.
laney
augustus_phil_victory.jpg
(02) AUGUSTUS29 views31 BC - 14 AD (time of Octavian/Augustus)
AE 16 mm 3.30 g
O: VIC AVG, on either side of Nike standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm.
R: COHOR PRAE PHIL, three military standards.
Philippi
SNG ANS 677; SNG Copen 305, SGI 32. RPC 1651. No.3223.
laney
elagab_nik_eagle_moush1432.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS26 views218 - 222 AD
AE 25.5 mm max.;8.92 g
O: AVT M AVR ANTWNEINOC, radiate, draped bust right
R: VP NOBIOV ROVFOV NIKOPOLITWN PROC ICTRON, eagle standing facing between two standards, head left, wreath in beak
Nikopolis ad Istrum; ref. Moushmov 1432; Varbanov (Eng.) 4001
d.s.

laney
elagabal_fides_res.jpg
(0218) ELAGABALUS25 views218 - 222 AD
struck 220 - 221 AD
AE As 25 mm, 11.20 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Fides seated left, holding eagle and standard, a second standard before her; SC in exe
Rome; RIC IV 347; Cohen 36. Scarce
laney
caracalla_bith_blk_res.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER37 views222 - 235 AD
AE 20 mm, 4.20 g
O: draped bust right
R: NIK-AI-E, WN in exe; 3 military standards
Bithynia, Nicaea
1 commentslaney
sev_alex_bith.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER37 views222 - 235 AD
AE 19 mm 3.47 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, laureate draped bust right
R: NIKAIE-WN between 3 standards
Bithynia, Nicaea
laney
bith_3_blk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER30 views222 - 235 AD
AE 19 mm, 4.19 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, laureate bust right
R: NIKAIEWN between three standards, WN in exergue.
Nicaea in Bithynia, BMC 102
laney
bith_2_blk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER35 views222 - 235 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 3.84 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, laureate head right
R: NIKOMHDEWN DIC NEW/K, aquila between two miliary standards. SNGCop 577v (bust radiate). SNGCop 57
Nicomedia, Bithynia
laney
bith_4_blk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER29 views222 - 235 AD
AE 20 mm, 3.22 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: NIKAIEWN between three standards, WN in exergue.
Nicaea in Bithynia, BMC 102
laney
sev_alex_bith_1_blk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER30 views222 - 235 AD
AE 20 mm, 3.63 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: NIKAIEWN between three standards, WN in exergue.
Nicaea in Bithynia, BMC 102
laney
sev_alex_bith_radiate_blk.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER31 views222 - 235 AD
AE 20.5 mm, 3.42.g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.
R: NIKAIEWN between three standards, WN in exergue
Nicaea, Bithynia; BMC 102
laney
sev_alex_bith_3_res.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER22 views222-235 AD
AE 20.5 mm 4.64 g
O: Radiate head right
R: : NI K AI E between 3 standards, WN below
Nicaea, Bithynia
laney
sev_alex_bith_1_res.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER27 views222-235 AD
AE 21 mm 4.14 g
O: M AVP CEV ALEXANDROC AV laureate draped bust right
R: NI K AI E between 3 standards, WN below
Nicaea, Bithynia
laney
sev_alex_caesarea_ad_libanum.jpg
(0222) SEVERUS ALEXANDER26 viewsIssued 221-222 AD (as Caesar, struck under Elagabalus)
AE 23 mm; 9.93 g
O: Radiate head right
R: Tetrastyle tripartite temple of Astarte; Astarte stands in middle section, facing, holding standard in right hand with left foot set on prow; Nike stands on cippus to Astarte's right, crowning her; river god beneath, swimming right; outside staircases lead to the side-wings; in the left wing goddess with kalathos stands facing between two animals; in the right wing female figure stands facing.
BMC 110, 9; Lindgren II, 1321, 2288 (Rare)
Phoenicia, Caesarea ad Libanum
laney
max_thrax.jpg
(0235) MAXIMINUS I (THRAX)49 views235 - 238 AD
AE Sestertius 30X32mm 20.55 g
o:MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM
Laureate draped bust r
R: FIDES MILITVM S-C
Fides standing head left, holding military standard in each hand
laney
max_thrax_denarius.jpg
(0235) MAXIMINUS THRAX15 views235 AD - 238 AD
AR Denarius 19.5 mm; 2.13 g
Obv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: P M TR P P P, Maximinus standing left, holding spear and raising right hand, two standards at sides.
Rome, RIC 1
laney
gordian_bith_res.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III34 views238 - 244 AD
AE 18 mm 2.14 g
O: M ANT GORDIANOC AV; radiate head right
R: N IK AE E / WN between three standards, legionary eagle atop middle standard, wreaths atop surrounding standards.
Bithynia, Nicaea
laney
gordian_bery_copy.jpg
(0238) GORDIAN III34 views238-244 AD
Struck 241-244 AD
Ć 28 X 30 mm, 16.11 g
O: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
R: Tetrastyle temple of Astarte, half-length bust of Astarte facing, flanked by standards within; lion walking right below.
PHOENICIA, Berytus
Sawaya 2177 (D382/R830); BMC 228-9; SNG Copenhagen 123
laney
clau_goth_fides_b_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS14 views268 - 270 AD
AE 21.5 mm, 2.49 g
O: IMP CLA[VDIVS PF] AVG Radiatedraped bust right
R: FIDES MILIT Fides standing left hold standard in each hand, D in right field
Milan mint; RIC 149
laney
sever.jpg
(0270) SEVERINA26 views(wife of Aurelian)
270 - 275 AD
AE Antoninianus 21 X 24 mm, 3.97 g
O: SEVERI_NAE AVG Diademed draped bust right, on crescent, hair brushed back in straight lines and carried in long loop to front, then tucked under diadem
R: CONCOR_DIAE MILITVM Concordia standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; Q in right field, XXI in exe
Antioch in Pisidia
RIC V, Part I, 13.
laney
probus_fides.jpg
(0276) PROBUS21 views276 - 282 AD
AE 20X22 mm, 2.87 g
O: PROBVS PF AVG radiate cuirassed bust right
R: FIDES MILITVM Fides standing left holding military standard in each hand; RIE in exe
Rome mint
laney
carinus_potin_res.jpg
(0283) CARINUS29 views283 - 285 AD
struck 282/283 AD (reignal year 1)
Potin Tetradrachm 19 mm, 7.86 g.
O: A KMA KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing between two standards, LA above.
Alexandria
Köln 3170; Dattari 5578; Milne 4679; Curtis 1913
laney
tiberius_acci_res.jpg
(03) TIBERIUS21 views14 - 37 AD
AE 27 mm 7.04 g
O: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head left
R: Aquilae between 2 standards, ACCI below
ACCI, SPAIN
laney
licin_banner_captives_a.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I39 views308 - 324 AD
struck 317 - 324 AD
AE 20 mm 2.98 g
O: IMP LICINIVS AVG, helmeted cuir bust right
R: VIRTVS EXERCIT/S-HL monogram
2 seated captives on either side of standard inscribed VOT/XX
Gamma SIS Star in exe
Siscia
laney
constantine_ii_single_std.jpg
(0316) CONSTANTINE II as Caesar14 views316-337 AD
Struck 337
Ć Follis 17 mm, 1.31 g
O:CONSTANTINV-S IVN NOC Laureate and cuirassed bust r.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers holding spears and shields, standard between them; ESIS-star in exe
Siscia, RIC VII 262.
laney
cst_II_glor_smanb_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Augustus)40 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 14 mm; 1.60 g
O: CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rosette diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.; SMANB in exe.
Antioch mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_SMKS_one_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)24 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm; 1.90 g
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers standing facing each other;
each holding a spear and resting hand on shield, one
standard between them. SMKS in exe.
Cyzicus Mint; RIC VII Cyzicus 123; Sear 17361
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_scons.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)31 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm 2.21 g
O: [CONSTANTI]NVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet between standards; SCONS in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_unk_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)26 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.32 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; TRP pellet in exe
Trier mint
laney
consstantine_ii_sis_glor_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)32 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm, 3.11 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet SIS pellet in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_plg_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)48 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15 mm 1.65 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each on either side of a single standard; leaf PLG in exe.
Lyons mint; RIC 286; rare (R4)
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_siscia_res.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)51 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm 2.21 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers facing each other with two standards between them; pellet between standards
Siscia mint
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_cyzi_single_std.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)20 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.8 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them with O on banner.
Mintmark: SMKB.
Cyzicus Mint; Ref: RIC VII Cyzicus 125
laney
constantine_ii_glor_cyz_2_stds.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)22 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 18.5 mm; 2.06 g
O: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers with spears and sheilds standing either side of two standards, SMKB in ex.
Cyzicus Mint; RIC Vol VII 83 of Cyzicus, rarity R4.
laney
constantine_ii_gloria_thessalon.jpg
(0317) CONSTANTINE II (as Caesar)19 views317 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 340 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm; 1.83 g
O: CONSTANTIN[VS IVN] NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLORI-A EXER-CITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two
standards between them. SMTS_ in exe
Thessalonica mint


laney
c_ii_ge_cae_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II25 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.46 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C diadamed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing single standard
laney
c_ii_ge_hml_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II28 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 1.09 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing single standard between them; C within standard
laney
c_ii_ge_dot_sm_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.58 g
Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: dot GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, 2 soldiers with 2 standards between them, o on banners.
dot SMHA dot in exe
cf RIC VII Heraclea 133 var, R2
laney
c_ii_ge_conssdotres.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 19 mm, 2.20 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laureate draped cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers on either side of 2 standards; CONSSdot in exe
Constantinople
RIC VII 75
laney
c_ii_ge_consi_caes_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II20 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 1.93 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C bust right
R: 2 soldiers with 2 standards between; CONSIdot in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_bsis_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II22 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 1.55 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single chi-rho standard; BSIS in exe
Siscia mint
laney
csts_ii_ge_cons_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II21 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15.28 mm, 1.21 g
O: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG diademed head right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers facing single standard,"o" on banners;
Constantinople mint
laney
cst_2_glor_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II23 views337 - 361 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.60 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them; O on banners.
Mintmark: dot SMKB (unlisted officina).
Cyzicus mint
laney
consta_II_glor_ex_smhg_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II15 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm; 1.31 g
O: CONSTAN-TIVS AVG Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS Two helmeted soldiers standing facing, single standard between; SMHG in exe
Heraclea mint; RIC VIII 19

laney
constantius_ii_caes_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)62 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16 mm, 2.44 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot on banners; SMANH in exe
Antioch mint, RIC VII 88.
1 commentslaney
constantius_ii_ge_smanh_rnd.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)119 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm 2.41 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS
2 SOLDIERS STANDING FACING, HOLDING SPEARS AND RESTING HAND ON SHIELD, WITH 2 STANDARDS BETWEEN
SMANH IN EXE
ANTIOCH
RIC VII 88
8 commentslaney
constantius_smanz_blk.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)47 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE Follis 17 mm, 2.54 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing holding spears, shields, and two military standards between them, SMANZ in ex..
Antiochia mint, RIC VII, 88.
laney
constsantius_ii_ge_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)14 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.48 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them, dot between standards
laney
constantius_ii_ge_smkb_res.jpg
(0324) CONSTANTIUS II (as Caesar)17 views324 - 337 AD (as Caesar)
337 - 361 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.91 g
O: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, cuirassed bust right.
R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with two standards between them. O on banners.
dot SMKB in exe.(unlisted officina).
RIC VII Cyzicus 100 var (officina), rare.
laney
constans_ge_3_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS24 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 15 mm, 1.47 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG Diademed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS Two soldiers facing single standard
laney
constans_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS27 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 14.5 mm 1.71 g
O: Diademed dr cuir bust of Constans r.
R: Two soldiers standing with spears and shields, one standard between them.

laney
constans_ft_galley_1_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS22 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17.5 mm 2.11 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG Bust right
R: FEL TEMP REPARATIO Emperor standing left holding phoenix on globe in right hand and chi-rho standard in left, on prow of galley piloted by Victory; SARL pellet in exe.
Arles mint
laney
constans_ge_2_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS17 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm 1.57 g
CONSTANS P F AVG diademed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers to either side of single chi-rho standard
laney
constans_ge_smts_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS22 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 17 mm, 1.75 g
O: CONSTANS P F AVG laureate draped bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS twp soldiers, single standard between
Thessalonica mint
laney
constans_glor_ex_asis_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS16 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
struck 337 - 340 A.D.
AE 16 mm; 1.33 g
O: CONSTAN - S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: GLOR - IA EXERC - ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and leaning on shields flanking standard decorated with Chi-Rho, ASIS and dotted crescent in exe
Siscia mint; RIC VIII 99
laney
constans_ge_consi_res.jpg
(0333) CONSTANS (as Caesar)16 views333 - 337 (as Caesar)
337 - 350 AD (as Augustus)
AE 16.5 mm, 1.31 g
O: VAL CONSTANS NOB CAES Bust left
R:; GLORIA EXERCITVS 2 soldiers facing, single standard between; CONSI in exe.
Constantinople mint
laney
DELMATIUS.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS26 viewsCAESAR 18 SEP. 335 - MID 337 AD
AE 16.2 mm 1.312 g
O: FL DELMATIVS NOB C
LAUREATE DRAPED AND CUIRASSED BUST R
R:
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS
TWO SOLDIERS HOLDING SPEARS AND SHIELDS ON GROUND FLAKING SINGLE STANDARD
BSIS IN EXE
SISCIA RIC 256
(ex Forum)
laney
delmatius_2_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS31 views335 - 337 AD
AE 16.5 mm 1.64 g
O: FL DELMA TIVS NOB C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLOR-IA - EXERC-ITVS Two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, flanking a labarum (Christogram standard)
PCONST in ex
Arles mint
RIC VII 399; very scarce (RIC R3)
laney
delmatius_gloria_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS15 views335 - 337 AD (Caesar)
AE 16.5 mm 1.45 g
O: FL DELMATIVS NOB C laureate cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS two soldiers, single standard between; BSIS in exe.
Siscia mint
laney
delmatius_res.jpg
(0335) DELMATIUS (Caesar)30 views335 - 337 AD.
AE Follis 16.5 mm 1.72 g
O: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, his laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers flanking a single standard, SMKG in ex.
CYZICUS MINT RIC 132
laney
vetranio_res.jpg
(0350) VETRANIO29 views350 AD
AE 21.5 mm 4.36 g
O: DN VETRANIO PF AVG
LAUR DR CUIR BUST R, "A" BEHIND BUST, STAR IN FRONT
R: HOC SIGNO VICTORERIS
EMPEROR STANDING L HOLDING CHI RHO STANDARD, CROWNED BY VICTORY STANDING BEHIND, "A" LEFT FIELD
SISCIA
laney
valentinian_gloria_sisc_11resb.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I44 views364 - 375 AD
AE 17 mm; 2.63 g
O: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left hand
Siscia mint
laney
arcadius.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS46 views383 - 408 AD
Struck 383 - 388 AD
AE 23 mm 4.71 g
O: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R HOLDING SPEAR, CROWNED BY HAND OF GOD ABOVE
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM
ARCADIUS STANDING FACING, HEAD L, HOLDING CHI-RHO STANDARD & SHIELED, CAPTIVE TO LEFT
SMNB IN EXE
NICOMEDIA
laney
mag_max_3.jpg
(0383) MAGNUS MAXIMUS30 views383 - 388 AD
AE 22 mm 5.07 g
O: DN MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
R: VICTORIA AVGG, emperor stading facing, head left, holding Victory & standard
LVGP IN EXE
LUGDUNUM
laney
domitian_ascalon_resb.jpg
(12) DOMITIAN31 views81 - 96 AD
struck 85 - 86 AD
AE 23.4 mm max., 14.03 g
O: ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ, laureate head right
R: ASKAΛΩ, ΘΠΡ, Tyche standing left, on prow of galley, holding standard in right, aphlaston in left, incense altar in left field, dove in right
Ascalon mint; RPC II 2212; Rosenberger 114; SNG ANS 697; BMC Palestine p. 121
(ex Forum)
laney
rjb_2011_09_04.jpg
(VI)11118 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
Emperor standing left holding two standards
-/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 111
mauseus
rjb_2010_10_12.jpg
(VI)206cf19 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate bust left wearing trabea and holding eagle tipped sceptre
CONCORD MILIT
Concordia standing left with two standards
-/star//PLN
RIC (VI) - (cf 206); Huvelin 92a
mauseus
rjb_lon7_05_06.jpg
(VI)21519 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
Emperor standing left holding two standards
-/star//PLN
RIC (VI) 215
mauseus
rjb_lond_09_07.jpg
(VI)21522 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
Emperor standing left holding two standards
-/star//PLN
RIC (VI) 215
mauseus
rjb_lond1_07_08.jpg
(VII)19125 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT XX
Two captives seated below a standard
-/-//PLN
RIC (VII) 191
mauseus
f1.jpg
(VII)19117 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
VIRTVS EXERCIT VOT XX
Two captives seated below a standard
-/-//PLN
RIC (VII) 191
mauseus
Maximus_44.jpg
*SOLD*16 viewsMaximus Caesar As

Attribution: RIC IV 10, Cohen 13, rare
Date: AD 236
Obverse: C IVL VERVS MAXIMVS CAES, bare-headed, draped bust as seen from behind (scarcer obverse inscription)
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Maximus stg. l. holding baton in r.hand & transverse spear in l., to r. behind, two legionary standards, S C in r. and l. fields
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 9.6 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Galba.jpg
*SOLD*35 viewsGalba Copper As

Attribution: RIC I 431, Cohen 274, rare
Date: AD 68-69
Obverse: SER GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG PON MA TR P, laureate head r.
Reverse: legionary eagle on thunderbolt between two military standards, S-C across fields
Size: 26.7 mm
Weight: 9.2 grams
ex-Forvm
1 commentsNoah
Gordian_III.jpg
*SOLD*19 viewsGordian III AE 20

Attribution: SNGCop 526, BMC 114, SGI 3671, Nicaea
Date: AD 238-244
Obverse: M ANT Γ OP Δ IANOC AV, radiate, draped bust r.
Reverse: NIKAE Ω N, two legionary eagles stg. between two standards
Size: 20.3 mm
Noah
Elagabalus_-_RSC_15_Antioch.jpg
*SOLD*38 viewsElagabalus AR Denarius

Attribution: RSC 15, RCV 7505, Antioch, scarce
Date: AD 218-219
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate draped bust r.
Reverse: CONCORDIA, two standards between two legionary eagles, MILIT in exergue
Size: 18.0 mm
Weight: 3.3 grams
Noah
MarcAnt28.jpg
- 032-031 BC - Marc Antony - RSC 28 - Legion II Denarius286 viewsMarc Antony
Date: 32-31 BC
Condition: Fair
Denomination: Legionary Denarius

Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley rt., mast with banners at prow.

Reverse: LEG II
Legionary eagle between two standards.

Mint: Most likely minted in Patrae, Marc Antony's winter headquarters.
RSC 28
3.11g; 18.0mm; 15°
2 commentsPep
valerianAntioch.jpg
-Pisidia, Antioch. Valerian I. AD 253-260.48 viewsĆ 22mm. Radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / ANTIO-C-H-I COL, S-R across field, vexillum surmounted by an eagle, between two standards. Krzyzanowska VII/18; SNG France 13162 commentsancientone
001.jpg
001 AUGUSTUS SIGNIS RECEPTIS 40 viewsEMPEROR: Augustus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: CAESAR AVGVSTVS, Bare head of Augustus right
REVERSE: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, round shield inscribed CL V between aquila and standard; SPQR around shield
DATE: c19-18 BC
MINT: Colonia Patricia (Spain)
WEIGHT: 4.00 g
RIC: I.86a (C)
1 commentsBarnaba6
Marcus-Antonius_LEG-XII_Before-and-After_.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 544-26, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, praetorian galley right, Before and After the Cleaning125 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), AR-denarius, Crawf 544-26, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, praetorian galley right.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/26, Sydneham-1230, RSC-41,
Before and After the Cleaning
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-II_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_5h_17,5mm_3,29ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-14, AR-denarius, LEG-II, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,71 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-14, AR-denarius, LEG-II, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-II, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/14, Sydneham-1216, RSC-27, BMCRR East 185-225; Babelon: Antonia 101; Sydenham 1212 ; Catalli 2001,886.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-III_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_9h_18,5-20mm_2,89g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,78 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-15, AR-denarius, LEG-III, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-III, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,89g, axes: 9h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/15, Sydneham-1217, RSC-28,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-IV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-17_Syd-1219_RSC-30_Q-001_7h_17-18mm_3,36gx-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-17, AR-denarius, LEG-IV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,104 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-17, AR-denarius, LEG-IV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-IV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 3,36g, axes: 7h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/17, Sydneham-1219, RSC-30,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-VI_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-19_Syd-1223_RSC-33_Q-001_5h_17,5-18mm_3,35g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,145 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-19, AR-denarius, LEG-VI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-VI, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow. Nice Countermark above the galley.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18mm, weight: 3,35g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford- 544/19, Sydneham-1223, RSC-33,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-VIII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_10h_17,5mm_3,47ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-21, AR-denarius, LEG-VIII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,71 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-21, AR-denarius, LEG-VIII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-VIII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 10h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford-544/21, Sydneham-1225, RSC-35,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XI_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-_Syd-_RSC-_Q-001_5h_17,5mm_3,29g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-25, AR-denarius, LEG-XI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,63 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-25, AR-denarius, LEG-XI, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XI, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: B.C., ref: Crawford-544/25, Sydneham-1229, RSC-39,
Q-001
quadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-26_Syd-1230_RSC-41_Q-001_5h_17-18,5mm_3,39-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,91 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/26, Sydneham-1230, RSC-41,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XII_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-26_Syd-1230_RSC-41_Q-001_5h_17-18,5mm_3,39ga-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,177 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-26, AR-denarius, LEG-XII, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XII, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18,5mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/26, Sydneham-1230, RSC-41,
After Cleaning
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XV_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-30_Syd-1235_RSC-30_Q-001_5h_16,8-17mm_2,72g-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,133 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-30, AR-denarius, LEG-XV, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XV, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,8-17mm, weight: 2,72g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/30, Sydneham-1235, RSC-47,
Q-001
"Legion XV Apollinaris was raised by Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 53 BC. In the time of Augustus-Tiberius the legion was stationed in Ljubljana, then in Carnuntum and later in Alexandria and took part in the Jewish War and the capture of Jerusalem. In the 2nd and 3rd century the legion fought mainly in the East against the Parthians."
1 commentsquadrans
Marcus-Antonius_AR-Den_LEG-XIX_ANT-AVG-III__VIR_R_P_C__Crafw-544-35_Syd-1242_RSC-55_Q-001_5h_18mm_3,44-s.jpg
001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-35, AR-denarius, LEG-XIX, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,121 views001a Marc Antony ( 83-30 B.C.), Crawf 544-35, AR-denarius, LEG-XIX, ANT AVG III VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley right,
avers:- LEG-XIX, legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards.
revers:- ANT-AVG-III-VIR•R•P•C•, Praetorian galley sailing right, mast with banners at prow.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 3,44g, axes: 5h,
mint: Legionary Denarius, date: 32-31 B.C., ref: Crawford-544/35, Sydneham-1242, RSC-55,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
2.jpg
002 Augustus. AR denarius 3.7gm34 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS bare head r.
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS Aquila and standard flanking SPQR, shield inscribed CLV
1 commentshill132
a13~0.JPG
002. Constantine II Solders and Standards Siscia 33 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C LC
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS
dot epsilon SIS dot
RIC VII Siscia 236
ecoli
0027.jpg
0027 - Denarius Mark Antony 32-1 BC49 viewsObv/Ship r., with sceptre tied with fillet on prow; above ANT AVG; below, III VIR RPC
Rev/Eagle between two standards, LEG XII below.

Ag, 18.8mm, 3.42g
Mint: Patra
RRC 544/26 [dies o/r: 864/960 (all var.)] - Syd.1230 - Calicó 193
ex-Áureo, auction 25 apr 2007, lot 2045
dafnis
Augustus_AE-Semis_VIC-AVG_COHOR-PRAE-PHIL_Phillipi-Macedon_SNG-Cop-305_Q-001_h_18mm_0_00g-s.jpg
002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,108 views002p Augustus (63 B.C.-14 A.D.), (Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68.??? ), Macedon, Phillipi, RPC I 1651, AE-18, (AE Semis), COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards,
Augustus Macedon Phillipi Ć18 / Struck to Commemorate the Battle of Actium
avers:- VIC-AVG, Nike standing left holding wreath and palm branch.
revers:- COHOR-PRAE-PHIL, Three military standards.
exe: VIC/AVG//--, diameter:18mm, weight: , axis: h,
mint: Macedon, Phillipi, Pseudo-autonomous issue, date: Time of Claudius or Nero, circa AD 41-68., ref: RPC I 1651, SNG ANS 677; SNG Copenhagen 305, BMC 23, SGI 32.
Q-001
"This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus."
1 commentsquadrans
s32.JPG
004. Constantius II Solders and Standards Cyzicus 25 viewsRIC VII Cyzicus 113 R4

Ex-Varangian
ecoli
0063~0.jpg
0063 - Denarius Augustus 18-16 BC15 viewsObv/SPQR IMP C(AESARI0 AVG COS XI TRI POT VI, head of Augustus r.
Rev/CIVIB ET SIGN MILIT A PART RECVP, facing quadriga on central part of triumphal arch; figures on l. and r. hold, respectively, standard and aquila and bow.

Ag, 20.0mm, 3.88g
Mint: Colonia patricia (?)
RIC I/136 [R3] - BMCRE 427
ex-Jean Elsen et Fils, auction 95, lot 344 (colln. A.Senden)
dafnis
Constantius_cent.jpg
008 - Constantius II (augustus 347-355 AD), AE2 - RIC 7134 viewsObv: D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diadem, draped and ciurassed bust left, globe in hand.
Rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress, standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner, left hand on chield. Two kneeling captives at feet, leaning to left. Star in field.

Minted in Nicomedia (SMNgamma), officina 3.
pierre_p77
0092.jpg
0092 - Denarius Antoninus Pius 158-9 AC10 viewsObv/ ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS PP TR P XXII, laureate head of A.P. r.
Rev/ COS IIII, arched tetrastyle altar; statue inside, holding branch and standard.

Ag, 18.1 mm, 2.84 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC III/285
ex-G.Hirsch Nachfolger, auction 271, lot 2359
dafnis
RPC_I_1651_Augusto_PHILIPPI_MACEDONIA.jpg
01-75 - Filipi - Macedonia - AUGUSTO (27 A.C. - 14 D.C.)18 viewsAE17 17 mm 5.0 gr.
Atribuida a Octavio/Augusto pero por la composición del metal correspondería su acuńación desde Claudio I a Neron, Filipi probablemente no acuńara en cobre durante el reinado de Augusto.

Anv: "VIC - AVG" a los lados de Victoria estante a izquierda sobre una base, portando guirnalda y hoja de palma.
Rev: "COHOR PRAE PHIL" - rodeando a tres estandartes militares.

Acuńada probablemente 41 A.C. - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Filipi - Macedonia

Referencias: RPC I #1651 Pag.308 - SNG Cop #305/6 - Sear GICTV #32 Pag.4 - BMC 5 #23 Pag.98 - SNG ANS #674-677
mdelvalle
01-Constantine-II-Sis-95.jpg
01. Constantine II / 2 soldiers and standard.58 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG / Diademed bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ASIS (crescent and dot)
1.70 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #95; LRBC #770; Sear #17432.

Several mints used the title MAX for all three sons of Constantine the Great for a short time after his death. It's use on coins of Constantius II and Constans was quickly dropped, and P F (Pius Felix) was used instead, reserving MAX for the senior emperor (Constantine II).
Callimachus
1-Maximinus-I-RIC-06.jpg
01. Maximinus I / RIC 6.26 viewsDenarius, 238 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM / Laureate bust of Maximinus.
Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS P P / The emperor standing between two standards, holding spear and raising right hand.
2.62 gm., 19.5 mm.
RIC #6; Sear 8314.

This coin dates from January 1 to March 19, 238, at which time Gordian I was proclaimed emperor and the mint at Rome stopped coining for Maximinus. It was not until June 24, however, that he was murdered by his soldiers.
1 commentsCallimachus
0104.jpg
0104 - Denarius Septimius Severus 193-4 AC14 viewsObv/ IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head of S.S. r.
Rev/ LEG XIIII GEM M V, legionary eagle between two standards: TR P COS in ex.

Ag, 19.0 mm, 3.17 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC IV.I/14 [S] - BMCRE V/19
ex-Karel de Geus, auction 31, lot 977
dafnis
0010-019.jpg
0110 - Republic, Quartuncia66 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Theodosius_ae2.jpg
012 - Theodosius I (379-395 AD), AE 2 - RIC 46a43 viewsObv: DN THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing, facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
Minted in Nicomedia (SMNA in exe), first officina, 15 may 392 - 17 jan. 395 AD.
pierre_p77
0133.jpg
0133 - Nummus Constantine I 307-10 AC17 viewsObv/ IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ PRINCIPI IV-VE-NTVTIS, C. in military outfit, held l., holding a standard on each hand; PLN in ex.

AE, 25.5 mm, 6.24 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/111 [S]
ex-Numismatik Lanz, eBay jul 2011 - art. #300571161041
dafnis
Theodosius.JPG
014 - Theodosius I (379-395 AD), AE 2 - RIC 83b46 viewsObv: DN THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVS EXERCITI, emperor standing right, holding standard and globe, left foot on captive. Rho-cross in left field.
Minted in Constantinopolis (CONSA in exe), 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 AD.
pierre_p77
Arcadius.JPG
015 - Arcadius (383-408 AD), AE 2 - RIC 1553 viewsObv: D N ARCAD-IVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield in front. Above, hand of God holding wreath.
Rev: GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard and resting on shield, kneeling captive to left.
Minted in Cyzicus (SMK delta in exe), 4th officina, 383 AD.
22 mm in diam, 3,9 g.
1 commentspierre_p77
M-Antony-Syd-1246.jpg
017. Marcus Antonius.77 viewsDenarius, 32-31 BC.
Obverse: ANT AVG III VIR R P C / Galley with rowers, standard at prow.
Reverse: LEG XXIII / Legionary eagle between two standards.
3.62 gm.. 17 mm.
Syd. #1246; RSC #60; Sear unlisted.

Mark Antony minted a long series of legionary coins for the use of the army and navy prior to the Battle of Actium (Sept. 2, 31 BC). The legion depicted on this coin - Legion XXIII - is one that we know nothing about.
1 commentsCallimachus
0179.jpg
0179 - Nummus Constantine II 320-1 AC18 viewsObv/ CONSTANTINVS IVN NC, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of C. l.
Rev/ VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard with VOT XX inscribed, cautives on both sides; PLON in ex.

AE, 18.9 mm, 3.38 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/290 [S]
ex-Artemide Aste, auction colln. English Gentleman, lot 504
dafnis
Augustus_RIC_I_86a.jpg
02 Augusts RIC I 86a54 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D.. Colonia Patricia Mint. 19 B.C. (3.13g, 18.4mm, 2h). Obv: CAESAR AVGSTVS, bare head right. Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Aquila on l. and standard on r. flanking SPQR arranged around shield inscribed CL V. RIC I 86a, BMC 417, RSC 265.

An important historical type commemorating the return of the legionary eagles lost by Crassus to the Parthians in the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. This example has wonderful toning, is perfectly centered, and retains complete legends, even the CL V on the shield is preserved better than the photograph shows.
3 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_288.jpg
02 Augustus RIC 28821 viewsAugusts 27 B.C.- 14 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome mint, 19 B.C. P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer. (3.65g, 18.2m, 0h). Obv: TVRPILIANS IIIVIR FERON, Diad. and draped bust of Feronia r. Rev: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE, Parthian kneeling r. presenting standard w. X marked vexillum. RIC 288, BMC 14, RSC 484.

A historical type commemorating the return of the standards lost by Crassus at the battle of Carrhae during his Parthian campaign in 53 B.C. Rome was humiliated by the defeat and loss of several Legionary Eagles. Crassus and several of his generals were killed. Through diplomacy, Augusts secured the return of the Eagles, an important victory to tout on his coinage.

I've been wanting this type for some time because of it's historic significance, but as it's outside of my primary collecting area, I was willing to compromise on condition. This example is worn, but clearly recognizable. The obverse has banker's marks which seem to disappear or become much more scarce on denarii towards the end of the Republic and beginning of the Empire.
Lucas H
Augustus_RIC_359.jpg
02 Augustus RIC I 035960 viewsAugustus 27 B.C.-14 A.D. Moneyer L. Vinicius. Rome Mint. 16 B.C. (3.72g, 18.8m, 5h). Obv: Anepigraphic, bare head right. Rev: L Vinicivs in ex., Triumphal arch inscribed SPQR IMP CAE in two lines sur. by Quadriga bearing Augustus, r. holding laurel-branch, l. scepter; smaller arch on sides w archer on l. and slinger on r. RIC I 359 (R2). RSC 544.

This coin depicts Augustus’ triple arch, perhaps the first in Rome. Beginning as a double arch to commemorate his victory at Actium, the third arch was probably added to commemorate the return of the lost standards from Parthia. For a scarce type, this example is well centered and has good details on the reverse including complete legends.
3 commentsLucas H
02-Constantius-II-Sis-086.jpg
02. Constantius II / 2 soldiers and standard.37 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constantius II.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: ΓSIS
1.72 gm., 16 mm.
RIC #86; LRBC #780; Sear #17990.
Callimachus
Vespasian_AR-Den_IMP-CAES-VESP-AVG-P-M-COS-IIII_VICTORIA-AVGVSTI_RIC-II-52_p-20_RIC-new-362_C-618_Rome_72-73-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_15,5-18mm_2,85g-s.jpg
020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0362, RIC (1962) 052, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, #1130 views020 Vespasian (69-79 A.D.), RIC 0362, RIC (1962) 052, Rome, AR-Denarius, VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, #1
avers:- IMP-CAES-VESP-AVG-P-M-COS-IIII, Laureate head right.
revers:- VICTORIA-AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right with palm, placing wreath on a standard set in the ground.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 15,5-18mm, weight: 2,85g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 72-73 A.D., ref: RIC 0362, RIC (1962) 052, C-618,
Q-001
quadrans
LarryW8010.jpg
020 W. Asia Minor, Ioniia, c. 650 to 600 BC55 viewsElectrum hekte, 10mm, 2.75g very early Phokaic standard, VF
Raised square with cross pattern / Rough quadripartite incuse square. Very grainy surfaces. Sear COA
cf. Rosen 314 & 319; Traite pl. IV, 1 (Paris and London)
Lawrence Woolslayer
028.jpg
022 MACRINUS17 viewsEMPEROR: Macrinus
DENOMINATION: Denarius
OBVERSE: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: / PONTIF MAX TR P COS PP, Fides standing front, foot on helmet, standard in each hand
DATE: 217 AD
MINT: Antiochia
WEIGHT: 2.89 g
RIC: 22a
Barnaba6
029.jpg
023 ELAGABALUS15 viewsEMPEROR: Elagabalus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP ANTONINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
REVERSE: FIDES MILITVM Fides standing, head right, holding standard and vexillum
DATE: 218-222 AD
MINT: Roma
WEIGHT: 4.68 g
RIC: 72
Barnaba6
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Ć Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
augustus quadr-.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE quadrans - struck 5 BC67 viewsobv: GALVS.MESSALLA.III.VIR
rev: SISENNA.APRONIVS.AAA.FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 443, C.352
mint: Rome, 3.03gms, 16mm
Moneyers Apronius, Galus, Messalla, and Sisena.

The quadrans (literally meaning "a quarter") was a low-value Roman bronze coin worth 1/4th of an as. After ca. 90 BC, when bronze coinage was reduced to the semuncial standard, the quadrans became the lowest-valued coin in production.
berserker
augustus_RIC82a.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 19-18 BC54 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS (bare head left, banker's mark on face)
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS (Mars standing left, head right, with aquila and standard)
ref: RIC I 82a, RSC 259 (4frcs), BMC 414.
mint: Colonia Patricia
3.41gms, 19mm
Rare

History: The Parthians had captured the standards of the legions under the command of Marcus Licinius Crassus (53 BC, at the Battle of Carrhae), Decidius Saxa (40 BC), and Marc Antony (36 BC). It was considered a grave moral defeat and evil omen for the Romans. It required a generation of diplomacy before the Parthians returned them. Their return was considered a great triumph by Augustus, and celebrated like a military victory. He took an ovation entering Rome on horseback and being honoured with a triumphal arch in the year 20 BC. This coin struck in Colonia Patricia (today Cordoba, Spain).
1 commentsberserker
V920sm.jpg
03 Domitian as Caesar RIC 920102 viewsAR Denarius, 2.96g
Rome mint, 76-77AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS IIII; Minerva stg. r. on prow, with spear and shield; to r., owl
RIC 920 (R). BMC spec. acquired 1947. RSC 45b. BNC -.
Ex Private Collection.

The first appearance of Minerva on a denarius struck for Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian. His devotion to the goddess came early in life, so it comes as no surprise he wished to honour her on the coins minted in his name. This denarius is a clear indication Domitian had some say in what reverse types were struck for him under Vespasian. The Minerva on prow is an early prototype of one of the four standard Minerva types (M2) Domitian would later extensively strike on his own denarii as Augustus. An extremely rare type for him as Caesar.

A pleasing coin with a Vespasian-like portrait.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
03-Constans-Sis-099.jpg
03. Constans / 2 soldiers and standard.34 viewsAE 4, 337 - 341, Siscia mint.
Obverse: CONSTANS P F AVG / Diademed bust of Constans.
Reverse: GLORIA EXERCITVS / Two soldiers, each holding spear and shield, one standard between them. Christogram on standard.
Mint mark: BSIS (crescent and dot)
1.57 gm., 17 mm.
RIC #99; LRBC #774; Sear #18546.
Callimachus
Leg_den.JPG
032 - Mark Antony, legionary denarius66 viewsObv: ANT AVG III VIR RPC, Galley right
Rev: LEG XV, Legionary eagle between two standards

Struck in traveling mint, c 32-31 BC
1 commentspierre_p77
Ant_Pius-AE-Dup_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XXI_COS-IIII_S-C_RIC-989_C_Rome_157-8-AD_Q-001_11h_25,5mm_11,07g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0989, Rome, AE-Dupondius, COS IIII, S-C, Emperor standing left, Scarce!232 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0989, Rome, AE-Dupondius, COS IIII, S-C, Emperor standing left, Scarce!
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-XXI, Radiate head right.
revers:-COS-IIII, Emperor (Antoninus?) standing left in shrine, holding branch and standard.
exe: -/-//SC, diameter: 25,5mm, weight: 11,07g, axis: 11h,
mint: Rome, date: 157-158 A.D., ref: RIC-III-989-p-, C-, Scarce!
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
deciussestpannonia~0.JPG
036. Trajan Decius, 249-251AD. AE Sestertius. 32 viewsAE Sestertius. Rome mint..
Obv. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG

Rev. The two Pannoniae standing left holding military standards. PANNONIAE SC

RIC 124a, Cohen 87.

Beautiful patina, wonderful portrait. gVF.
LordBest
38.jpg
038 Lucius Verus. AR Denarius 26 viewsobv: L VERVS AVG ARMENIACVS bare head r.
rev: TR P III IMP I COS II Armenia seated l. surmounted by arms,
standard before her
ex: ARMEN
hill132
Victorinus_ant.JPG
039 - Victorinus (268-271 AD), Antoninianus - RIC 10930 viewsObv. IMP C PIA V VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev. FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards.

Minted in Treveri, 269-270 AD
2,9g, c 2,0 mm in diam
pierre_p77
540152_498248696878713_800190106_n.jpg
04 Constantius II71 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling enemy horseman, hair straight up, reaching backwards, LXXII to left, S between AQS in ex.
RIC Aquileia 193


"The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard."
Randygeki(h2)
044.jpg
040 QUINTILLUS8 viewsEMPEROR: Quintillus
DENOMINATION: Antoninianus
OBVERSE: IMP QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right / FIDES MILIT,
REVERSE: Fides standing left, holding two standards. Officina letter S in exergue.
DATE: 270 AD
MINT: Milan
WEIGHT: 2.84 g
RIC: V.1.52
Barnaba6
011~1.JPG
041 Germanicus17 viewsGermanicus, Caesar
Died 10 Oct 19 A.D.

Ć As struck under Claudius. GERMANICVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, bare head right / TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around S-C

Fair, 8.138g, 27.4mm, 180*, Rome min, 42 A.D., S 1905, RIC 106, BMC 215 ex Forvm ex Bill D.

"Germanicus inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes in Germania and recovered the legionary standards lost by Varus. He was to be Tiberius' successor, but died of and unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caligula ontain the throne after Tiberius died."

-----

"Such virtuous conduct brought Germanicus rich rewards. He was so deeply respected and loved by all his kindred that Augustus - I need hardly mention his other relatives - wondered for a long time wether to make him his successor, but at last ordered Tiberius to adopt him."
Randygeki(h2)
43.jpg
043 Didius Julianus. AR Denarius61 viewsobv: IMP CAES M DID_IVLIAN AVG laur. head r.
rev: CONCORD MILIT Concordia std. l. holding legionary eagle and standard
2 commentshill132
RI_044x_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right with slight drapery on far shoulder (Legend reversed as AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS)
Rev:- COS III, Victory standing right holding wreath and palm (Legend reversed as III COS)
Minted in Eastern Mint. A.D. 129-131
Reference:– BMCRE -. Strack -. RIC -. RSC -. Apparently unpublished.

Strack knew just three Eastern denarii with this transposed obv. legend, including one with a Minerva standing rev. type in the Trau coll., Strack's pl. XVIII, *18. Curtis Clay has another example with this obverse with the Minerva type. This would appear to be a fifth specimen from this obverse die but with a new reverse type.

Additional information on this coin from Curtis Clay:-
"Interesting. Apparently a new rev. type on the Eastern denarii, of uncertain origin.

That's admittedly a fairly standard Victory advancing right rev. type, but I find no such type on any denarius of Hadrian from the mint of Rome, nor on his Asian cistophori.

A similar type does occur on Hadrian's silver quinarii, and on a rather scarce denarius of Trajan struck in 112 but these seem unlikely sources for a type on Hadrian's Eastern denarii.

Moreover on the Roman coins Victory grasps the stem of the palm over her shoulder in her left fist, thumb upwards, whereas on the Eastern denarius she palms the stem, holding it with her downwards pointing thumb while apparently keeping her fingers extended. I imagine that this detail may go back to the source copied, since it seems unlikely that the engraver changed it on his own whim."
maridvnvm
Elagabalus-RIC-067.jpg
05. Elagabalus antoninianus.15 viewsAntoninianus, 218-219 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
5.39 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #67; Sear #7487.
Callimachus
050_Julia_Domna_(170-217_A_D_),_AE-24,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,IOYLIA-A____CT_____-_-__N_Legionary_standards_Not_listed_Q-001_7h_24-25mm_7,73g-s~0.jpg
050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, Not Listed, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, Rare!107 views050p Julia Domna (170-217 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, Not Listed, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, Rare!
avers:- IOYΛIA-AΥΓΟΥCT, Draped bust left.
revers:- ΝΙΚΑ-Ι-ΕΩN, To left, above and right of legionary eagle between two standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 24-25mm, weight: 7,73g, axis: 7h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 17` - 217 A.D., ref: RecGen -, Not listed, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Limes-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_PROFECTIO-AVG_RIC-IV-I-225-p-244_C-509_Rome_213-AD_S_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_2,15ga-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, (Limes Denar ???), Caracalla standing right, #2, (but base metal, "limes" ?),115 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, (Limes Denar ???), Caracalla standing right, #2, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- PROFECTIO-AVG, Caracalla standing right, holding a transverse spear, two standards behind him.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-225, p-244, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-509,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Limes-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_PROFECTIO-AVG_RIC-IV-I-225-p-244_C-509_Rome_213-AD_S_Q-001_6h_17,5mm_2,15ga-s~0.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, (Limes Denar ???), Caracalla standing right, #2, (but base metal, "limes" ?),116 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, (Limes Denar ???), Caracalla standing right, #2, (but base metal, "limes" ?),
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- PROFECTIO-AVG, Caracalla standing right, holding a transverse spear, two standards behind him.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-225, p-244, (but base metal, "limes" ?), C-509,
Q-002
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT_PROFECTIO-AVG_RIC-IV-I-225-p-244_C-509_Rome_213-AD_S_Q-001_0h_19-20mm_3,16g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, Caracalla standing right, #166 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 225, Rome, AR-Denarius, PROFECTIO AVG, Caracalla standing right, #1
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-BRIT, Laureate head right.
revers:- PROFECTIO-AVG, Caracalla standing right, holding a transverse spear, two standards behind him.
exe:-/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 213 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-225, p-244, C-509,
Q-001
quadrans
Caracalla_AR-Den_ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P_RIC-IV-I-267-p-251_C-316_Rome_215-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18-19mm_1,83g-s.jpg
051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 267, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Fides standing left, 97 views051 Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), RIC IV-I 267, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, Fides standing left,
avers:- ANTONINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate head right.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-XVIII-COS-IIII-P-P, Fides standing left, between two standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 1,83g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 216 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-I-267, p-251, C-316,
Q-001
quadrans
51_copy.jpg
051 Macrinus. AR denarius31 viewsobv: IMP CM OPEL SEV laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: FIDES MILITVM Fides std. front head r. his r. foot on helmet,
holding standard in each hand
3 commentshill132
CarinusAnt.JPG
051. Carinus, 283-285AD. BI Antoninianus56 viewsAE Antoninianus. Siscia.

Obv. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right M AVR CARINVS NOB CAES

Rev. Fides standing left holding two standards, star P in right field FIDES MILITVM, XXI in ex.

CHEF. Rare, possibly unpublished variant.
2 commentsLordBest
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_),_AE-24,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,________N,_Legionary_standards,-Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards,64 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards,
avers:- ,Laureate head right.
revers:- ΝΙΚ-Α-ΙΕ-ΩN,,
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 198 - 217 A.D., ref: ,
Q-001
quadrans
051_Caracalla_(198_-_217_A_D_),_AE-24,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,________N,_Legionary_standards,_________C-A____C_____-_-__N_Q-001_23-24mm_8,16gx-s.jpg
051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards,64 views051p Caracalla (196-198 A.D. Caesar, 198-217 A.D. Augustus ), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-24, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards,
avers:- ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟC-AΥΓΟΥCTOC, Laureate, bearded head right.
revers:- ΝΙΚΑ-Ι-ΕΩN, To left, above and right of legionary eagle between two standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 8,16g, axis: 2h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 198 - 217 A.D., ref: RecGen 481, Scarce.
Q-001
quadrans
054_Macrinus,_RIC_IV-II_022a,_Antioch,_AR-Den_,_IMP_C_M_OPEL_SEV_MACRINVS_AVG,_PONTIF_MAX_TR_P_COS_P_P,_217_AD_Q-001,_7h,_18,5-20mm,_3,78g-s.jpg
054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, 152 views054 Macrinus (217-218 A.D.), RIC IV-II 022a, Antioch, AR-Denarius, PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front,
avers: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Fides standing front, head right, holding two standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5-20,0mm, weight:3,78g, axis: 7h,
mint: Antioch, date: 217 A.D., ref: RIC IV-II 22a, BMCRE 38, RSC 60.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
548Hadrian_RIC546.jpg
0546 Hadrian AS Roma 118 AD legionary eagle between two standards56 viewsReference.
RIC 546; C. 1182; cf Strack 518

Obv. IMP CAES DIVI TRA PARTH F DIVI NER NEP TRAIANO HADRIANO AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Rev. PONT MAX TR POT COS II, S-C in exergue.
legionary eagle between two standards

12.01 gr
27 mm
6h
1 commentsokidoki
055_Diadumenian_(217-218_AD),_RIC_107,_AR-Denar,_Rome,_M_OPEL_ANT_DIADVMENIAN_CAES,_PRINC_IVVENTVTIS,_Q-001,_6h,_19mm,_3,0g-s.jpg
055 Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), RIC 107, Rome, AR-Denar, PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing left,117 views055 Diadumenian (217-218 A.D. as Caesar, 218 A.D. as Augustus), RIC 107, Rome, AR-Denar, PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing left,
avers: M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES, Bare-headed, draped bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: PRINC IVVENTVTIS, Diadumenian standing left, holding baton and scepter, two standards to right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 19,0mm, weight: 3,00g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 217-218 A.D., ref: RIC 107, RSC ,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Elagabalus_AR-Ant_IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTONINVS-AVG_FIDE-S-EXER-CITVS_218_Roma-RIC-70_Q-001_22mm_4_31g.jpg
056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 070, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides seated left, Scarce!,67 views056 Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), RIC IV-II 070, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Fides seated left, Scarce!,
avers:- IMP-CAES-M-AVR-ANTONINVS-AVG, Radiate, draped bust right.
revers:- FIDE-S-EXER-CITVS, Fides seated left, holding eagle and standard; standard to left.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight:4,31g, axis:- h,
mint: Roma, date: 218 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-70, p-33, C-31,
Q-001
quadrans
056_Elagabalus_Nikea--Q-001_h_mm_5,53g-s.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-23, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, #1,62 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-23, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, #1,
avers:- M AΥP ANTΩNINOC AVG, Laureate head right
revers:- NIK_AIE_ΩN, Three military standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 5,53g, axis:-h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: ??, ref: Rec Gen 571v,
Q-001
quadrans
056_Elagabalus_Nikea--Q-002_h_mm_6,94gx-s.jpg
056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-23, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, #2,62 views056p Elagabalus (218-222 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, AE-23, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, Legionary standards, #2,
avers:- M AΥR ANTΩNINOC AΥG, laureate head right
revers:- N_IKA_IEΩ_N, between legionary eagle between two standards surmounted by capricorns.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 23mm, weight: 6,94g,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: ??, ref: SNG Cop 512,
Q-002
quadrans
Domitian_as_caesar_legionary_standard.jpg
06 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1081113 viewsAR Denarius, 3.45g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Clasped hands holding legionary eagle set on prow
RIC 1081 (C2). BMC 269. RSC 393. BNC 240.
Acquired from Beast Coins, April 2007.


The reverse represents 'Concordia Militum', harmony of the troops. Domitian quite possibly was plotting against Titus after Vespasian's death by appealing to the troops with a double donative. This coin might provide numismatic evidence of such. Suetonius states: " On the death of his father he hesitated for some time whether to offer a double largess to the soldiers, and he never had any compunction about saying that he had been left a partner in the imperial power, but that the will had been tampered with."

A nice coin with average wear and an interesting history behind it.


Vespasian70
Elagabalus-RIC-068.jpg
06. Elagabalus.12 viewsDenarius, 218-222 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES ANTONINVS AVG / Radiate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: FIDES EXERCITVS / Fides seated, holding eagle and standard, another standard in front of her.
2.50 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #68.
Callimachus
5.jpg
061b CRISPUS RIC TRIER 269 R516 views EMPEROR: Crispus
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CRISPVS NOB CAES; laureate, cuirassed bust left, with spear & shield,
REVERSE: VIRTVS EXERCIT, standard inscribed VOT XX with two captives seated on ground
EXERGUE: STR
MINT: Trier
WEIGHT:
RIC VII Trier 269 (R5)
Barnaba6
RI_062a_img.jpg
062 - Pescennius Niger denarius - RIC -. cf. RIC IV 70d24 viewsObv:– IMP CAE PESCEN NIGER IVST A, laureate head right
Rev:– ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma in military attire seated left on cuirass, no shield at side or feet, Victory offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand
Minted in Antioch. Apr 193 - May 194 A.D
Reference:– Unpublished in primary references, cf. RIC IV 70d, RSC III 62b, BMCRE V p. 80 note, SRCV II 6121, Hunter III -,

Scratches and scrapes, small edge test cut, hard edge bump on reverse resulting in crack on obverse, slightly off center cutting off parts of legends

2.690g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 15o

Numerous varieties of Pescennius Niger denarii with Roma Aeternae reverses are published in the standard references, but none describe Roma as seated on a cuirass. A few have been seen with dealers though.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
constantius2.jpg
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.74 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
LordBest
7.jpg
062a CONSTANTINUS II RIC SISCIA 126 R321 views EMPEROR: Constantinus II
DENOMINATION: AE reduced follis
OBVERSE: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped bust left, holding Victory ON GLOBE and mappa.
REVERSE: VIRTVS EXERCIT; standard inscribed VOT X with bound captive seated to left and right of its base.
EXERGUE: BSIS*
WEIGHT:
RIC: VII SISCIA 126 (R3)
Barnaba6
62a.jpg
062a Maximinus I Thrax. AR denarius10 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG laur. drp. bust r.
rev: PM TR P PP emperor in military dress std. l., two standards
leaning l. on spear and raising
hill132
62b.jpg
062b Maximinus I Thrax. AE sestertius11 viewsobv: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG laur. drp. bust r.
rev: FIDES MILITVS fides std. facing head l. standard in each hand
fld: SC
hill132
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-011_7h_21mm_4,63g-s~0.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #2138 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔROC AVΓ (AVΓ in ligature), Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- ΝΙ-ΚΑ-ΙΕ-ΩN, Between three legionary standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 4,63g, axis: 7h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: , ref: Kemppinen S402, BMC 103var. ,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-0x1_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #165 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-009_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #270 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #2
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
Q-002
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #363 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var(3)., AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #3
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from the back.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC 103var(3).,
Q-003
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,________N_Q-001_h_mm_gx-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var., AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #166 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 103var., AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #1
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- ΝΙ-ΚΑ-ΙΕ-ΩN, Between three legionary standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 9,07g, axis: 5h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: , ref: Kemppinen S204, BMC 103var. ,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-21,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,__#925;_#921;__#922;__#913;_#921;__#917;__#937;N,_Q-001,_0h,_20-21mm,_5,38g-s~0.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI K AI E/ΩN, #167 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI K AI E/ΩN, #1
avers: M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AVΓ (VΓ ligate), Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
reverse: NI K AI E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 5,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-031_1h_20,5mm_4,65g-s~0.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1129 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-21, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEV-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,65mm, weight: 4,65g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia_M-AVR-CEVH-ALEXANDROS-AVG___-_-__-___N_Q-001_1h_21mm_5,94g-s~0.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #168 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 5,94g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Q-001
quadrans
062p_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-0x3_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #160 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, AE-22, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, #1
avers:- M-AVP-CEVH-AΛEΞANΔROC-AVΓ, Laureate head right,
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC ???,
Q-001
quadrans
062_Severus_Alexander_(222-235_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-008_h_mm_g-s.jpg
062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, NI-KA-IE-ΩN, #162 views062p Severus Alexander (222-235 A.D.), AE-22, Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC ???, NI-KA-IE-ΩN, #1
avers:- M AVP CEVH AΛEΞANΔROC AV, Laureate, bust right.
revers:- NI-KA-IE-ΩN, Between three legionary standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: , ref: BMC ??? ,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_063b_img.jpg
063 - Clodius Albinus Denarius - RIC 01941 viewsObv:– IMP CAE D CLO SEP ALB AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDES LEGION COS II, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Lugdunum. November A.D. 195 to 19th February A.D. 196
Reference(s) – Cohen 21, RIC 19 (R). BMC 271. Giard 52.

The coinage of Albinus in Lugdunum began after he declared against Septimius Severus and continued until his defeat and death near Lugdunum.
Martin Griffiths
RI_064tm_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus barbarous imitation denarius28 viewsDenarius
Obv:- IMV (sic) CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:- LEG II ADIVT / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Barbarous imitation of coins minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:- cf RIC 5
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064cn_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -58 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS - I, Laureate head right
Rev:– VICT AVG, Victory advancing left holding wreath and palm
Minted in Emesa, 194 - 195 A.D.
References:– RIC -

2.70g, 17.92mm, 0o 

The following comes from Curtis Clay “That die is under COS I in my cast collection.  I read the wedge on bust as a I, but no second stroke under the bust.
There are some early COS I coins were the reading may be intentional, but yours is one of a smaller later group where COS I is apparently just an error, because by that time COS II was the standard and only correct title.
I have casts of two other coins from the same dies as yours, Oxford and Bickford-Smith coll., and two from the same obv. die with crossed cornucopias rev. type.”
maridvnvm
RI_064iq_img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -34 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– L-EG III [IT A]V-I, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE -. Cohen -. RIC -. RSC - (illustrated as 262 but mis-described?)

2.17g. 17.51mm. 0o.
maridvnvm
RI_064gr_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -34 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SE-V PERT AVG II C, laureate head right
Rev:– LEG X-IIII GE-M M V / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Emesa. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC -, BMCRE -. RSC -
Ex H J Berk.

3.03g, 18.80mm, 0o

Very rare obverse legend variety.
maridvnvm
RI_064gv_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -21 viewsObv– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG X-IIII GE-M M V / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns shown on standard.
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194-195
References:– RIC -
maridvnvm
RI_064on_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -31 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II CO, Laureate head right
Rev:- LEG VIII AVO (sic) ? CR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Emesa, A.D. 194
References:– Cohen -. BMC -. RIC -. RSC -.

This is the only known obverse die with this legend variant.
Possibly the third specimen known. The other examples are Oxford ex Walker, JNG 1978/1979, pl. 9, 4 which are both from the same die pair.
maridvnvm
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064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -26 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG III IT AVG, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:-- Cohen -. RIC -. BMCRE -.
maridvnvm
RI_064tw_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -25 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L S-EP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG III IT AVG, TR P COS in exergue, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:-- Cohen -. RIC -. BMCRE -.
4 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064om_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 00338 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG I ITAL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 257 (citing Wiczay). RIC 3 (Scarce citing Cohen). BMCRE p.21 noted as requiring confirmation (citing Cohen). Only 1 example in RD.

A reverse die match to an example owned by Doug Smith which provides confirmation of the reading.
maridvnvm
RI_064sz_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 00721 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG III ITAL, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards. Capricorns on standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMCRE 10, RIC 7. RSC 262

The portrait seems quite Antonine in nature.
maridvnvm
RI_064oq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01124 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev– LEG VIII AVG, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMC 14. RIC IV 11. RSC 267
maridvnvm
RI 064eg img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01250 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XI CL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns on standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 268. RIC 12 (Scarce)

Capricorns were the symbols of the XIIII the legion though Capricorns have been noted on several other legions in error.

Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis dates back to the two legions (the other was the XIIth) recruited by Julius Caesar to invade Gallia in 58 BC, and it existed at least until early 5th century, guarding lower Danube in Durostorum (modern Silistra, Bulgaria).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_064mj_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01225 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XI CL / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns on standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 268. RIC 12 (Scarce)

Capricorns were the symbols of the XIIII the legion though Capricorns have been noted on several other legions in error.

Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis dates back to the two legions (the other was the XIIth) recruited by Julius Caesar to invade Gallia in 58 BC, and it existed at least until early 5th century, guarding lower Danube in Durostorum (modern Silistra, Bulgaria).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064dt img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01344 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XIII GEM / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 269. BMCRE 17, RIC 13 (Scarce)

Legion XIII Gemina was stationed at Apulum in Dacia. It is important for collectors to distinguish carefully issues of this scarce legion from the common Legion XIIII Gemina Marti Victrix. Legion XIII coins never have 'MV' following 'LEG XIII GEM' while Legion XIIII coins always have 'MV' following 'LEG XIIII GEM'.
maridvnvm
RI 132dh img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01478 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG X-IIII GE-M M V / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns shown on standard.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 272. BMCRE 19, RIC 14 (Scarce)

Early example of the bust type with straight hair rather than curly.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064hd img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01431 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– LEG X-IIII GE-M M V / TR P COS, Legionary eagle between two standards, Capricorns shown on standard.
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– Cohen 272. BMCRE 19, RIC 14 (Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_064lf_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 01734 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– LEG XXX VLP, TR P COS in exergue, legionary eagle between two standards
Minted in Rome. A.D. 193
Reference:– BMCRE 25. RIC 17 (Rated Rare). RSC 278. No examples in RD so this would tend to agree with the scarcity rating given by RIC.

Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix
maridvnvm
RI_064ga_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 3497 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 349

2.56g. 17.08mm. 0o
maridvnvm
RI_064ko_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 34937 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Ref:– RIC 349

2.25g. 18.71mm. 0o

Dark toning with lustre in the fields.
maridvnvm
RI_064mq_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 349 note18 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– FIDEI LEG TR P COS II, Fides standing left holding Victory and standard
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– RIC 349 note.
maridvnvm
RI_064be_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var20 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to a possibly rusty die or even smotthing down burrs from a freshly made die.
maridvnvm
RI 064be img~0.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var76 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

The lines visible on the field of the coin may signify some filing applied to the freshly prepaired die. A circle is also visible which is probably a guide line for the engraving of the legend.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail 1.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 148 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI_064be_rev_crop.JPG
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail11 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064be rev detail.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 453 var reverse legend detail 237 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV P-ERTE AVG IMP - II, Laureate head right
Rev:– FORT R-DVC, Fortuna (Hilaritas), standing front, head left, holding long palm and cornucopiae
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 194
References:– RIC 453 var. (Scarce), RSC 157

This coin varies from the standard RIC 453 in a couple of ways. The obverse legend carries the PERTE instead of PERET. The reverse legend is missing the E from REDVC.

Detail of a section of the reverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI 064q img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 502b15 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, Laureate head right
Rev:– CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing front, head left, holding a standard in each hand
Minted in Laodicea-ad-Mare, A.D. 198-200
References:– BMC 285.654., RIC 502b (Common), RCV02 6269, RSC 78a
maridvnvm
064_Julia_Mamaea_(_-235_A_D_),_AE-19,_Nikaiea_in_Bithynia_IOYLIA-MAMAIA-AYG_NI-K-AI-E_ON_BMC_105v_SNG_Cop_514,_SGI_3421_Q-001_7h_20-20,5mm_3,88ga-s~0.jpg
064p Julia Mamaea ( ??-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 105v., AE-19, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Three standards,65 views064p Julia Mamaea ( ??-235 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC 105v., AE-19, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Three standards,
avers:- IOVΛIA-MAMAIA-AVΓ, Draped bust right.
revers:- NI-K-AI-E/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards, two badges on the middle standard.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5mm, weight: 3,88g, axis: 7h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 222-235 A.D., ref: BMC-105v, SNG-Cop-514, SGI-3421,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_axis-6h_18-19mm_3,07g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #199 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long sceptre.
exerg: , diameter: 18-19mm, weight: 3,07g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-03, p-, C-55
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P_RIC-IV-3_C-55_Rome-235-AD_002_Q-002_7h_18,5-19mm_2,83g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #263 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 003, Rome, AR-Denarius, P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing front, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-II-COS-P-P, Emperor standing front, head left, between two standards, raising right hand and holding long sceptre.
exerg: , diameter: 18,5-19mm, weight: 2,83g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-03, p-, C-55
Q-002
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a,_001_Q-001_0h_18,5-19,5mm_2,86g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #182 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 18,5-19,5mm, weight: 2,86g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a,_Q-002_7h_19,5-20,5mm_2,55g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #262 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #2
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,
Q-002
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a,_001_Q-003_6h_18-20mm_2,00ga-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #370 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 18-20mm, weight: 2,00g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~0.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #369 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s~1.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #364 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #3
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-003
quadrans
Maximinus-I_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC_7A,_RSC_7a(anc-barb-imitation-fouree)_Q-003_6h_18,5-19mm_2,66ga-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #475 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 007A, Rome, AR-Denarius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!! #4
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, a standard in each hand.
exerg: , diameter: 19,5-20,5mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 235 A.D., ref: (RIC-IV-II-7A, p-, RSC-7a,) ancient barbar imitation, fouree !!!
Q-004
1 commentsquadrans
Maximinus-I_AE-Sest_MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM_P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P_S-C_RIC-IV-40_C-71_Rome-236-8-AD_Q-001_0h_29-30mm_19,40g-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #183 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 040, Rome, AE-Sestertius, P M TR P IIII COS P P, Maximinus standing left, #1
avers:- MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG-GERM, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- P-M-TR-P-IIII-COS-P-P, Maximinus standing left, right hand raised, holding spear in left; two standards behind to the left, one right.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29-30mm, weight: 19,40g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-40, p-, C-71, BMC 221,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximinus-I_AE-Sest_IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_S-C_RIC_43,_Cohen_13,__Rome-236-8-AD_001_Q-001_0h_29,5mm_19,2ga-s.jpg
065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 043, Rome, AE-Sestertius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #165 views065 Maximinus-I. Thrax, (235-238 A.D.), RIC IV-II 043, Rome, AE-Sestertius, FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMINVS-PIVS-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides standing left, standard in each hand.
exerg: S/C//--, diameter: 29,5mm, weight: 19,2g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 236-238 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-II-44, p-, C-13, BMC 263,
Q-001
quadrans
GI_066k_img.jpg
066 - Caracalla AE27 - Bithynia, Creteia-Flaviopolis31 viewsObv:- AV K M AVR ANTONINO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- KRHEVT-EIWN FLOVIOPOL-ITWN, Eagle standing facing, head right, wings open, standing on garlanded altar decorated with bucranium between a pair of legionary standards
Minted in Bithynia, Creteia-Flaviopolis
References:- RG -. SNG Aulock -.

8.47 gms. 28.96mm x 26.35mm. 180 degree orientation.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
GI_066k_img~0.jpg
066 - Caracalla AE27 - Bithynia, Creteia-Flaviopolis 20 viewsObv:- AV K M AVR ANTONINO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- KRHEVT-EIWN FLOVIOPOL-ITWN, Eagle standing facing, head right, wings open, standing on garlanded altar decorated with bucranium between a pair of legionary standards
Minted in Bithynia, Creteia-Flaviopolis
References:- RG -. SNG Aulock -.

8.47 gms. 28.96mm x 26.35mm. 180 degree orientation.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
067_Maximus,_(235-238_A_D__as_Caesar),_AE-Sest_,_MAXIMVS_CAES_GERM,_PRINCIPI_IVVENTVTIS,_S-C,_Rome,_BMCRE_213_,_RIC_13_,_235-38_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_29-30mm,_18,73g-s.jpg
067 Maximus (235-238 A.D. as Caesar), RIC IV 13, AE-Sestertius, Roma, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar standing left in military attire, #170 views067 Maximus (235-238 A.D. as Caesar), RIC IV 13, AE-Sestertius, Roma, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar standing left in military attire, #1
avers: MAXIMVS CAES GERM, Bare, draped bust right.
reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar standing left in military attire, holding short scepter and transverse spear, two standards behind.
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: 29,0-30,0mm, weight: 18,73g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: 235-238 AD., ref: RIC IV 13, BMCRE 213, Cohen 14, BMC 213, RCTV 8411,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
067_Maximus_(235-238_A_D_),_AE-19,_Nikaia_in_Bithynia,__#915;_IOV_OVH_MAXIMOC_K,__#925;__#921;_#922;__#913;_#921;__#917;__#937;N,_Howgego_65,_Q-001,_1h,_18,5mm,_3,67g-s.jpg
067p Maximus (235-238 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, Howgego 65, AE-19, Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards,66 views067p Maximus (235-238 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, Howgego 65, AE-19, Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards,
avers: Γ IOV OVH MAXIMOC K, Bare, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: Ν ΙΚ ΑΙ Ε /ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 18,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axis: 1h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: 235-38 AD., ref: Howgego 65, BMC Bithynia Not in!
Q-001
quadrans
RI_068ae_img.jpg
068 - Geta denarius - RIC 074a18 viewsObv:– P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head right
Rev:– FID EXERC TR P III COS II, Fides standing left, holding standard and legionary eagle, st side a second standard
Minted in Rome. A.D. 211
Reference(s) – BMC p. 377, 116/117. RIC 74a (Rare). RSC 50. 7 examples in RD.
maridvnvm
RI_071ag_img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus Denarius - RIC 04924 viewsObv:- IMP ANTONINVS - PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, cuirassed and draped bust right
Rev:- P M TR P IIII COS - III P P, emperor standing l., sacrificing out of patera over altar and holding club on left, star to right, two standards to right.
Reference:- RIC 49. RSC 205.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
072_Gordianus-III_AE-18__-___-________C-_V_I_-V_-__-_____T_N_Juliopolis-Bithynia_SNG-vonAulock-6975_Q-001_17-18mm_2,60gx-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Juliopolis, SNG Cop 463, AE-18, Military standards, Rare!!!,65 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Juliopolis, SNG Cop 463, AE-18, Military standards, Rare!!!,
avers: -Μ-ΑΝΤ-ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC-ΑV, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right,
revers: -IΟ-VΛ-ΙΟ-ΠΟ_ΛΙTΩN, Between two standards and aquila, beneath.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 17-18mm, weight: 2,60g, axis: -h,
mint: Bithynia, Juliopolis, date: A.D., ref: SNG Cop 463, Rare!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus_III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-0x2_h_mm_g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #163 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #1
avers:- M-ANT-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ, Radiate,draped bust right,
revers:- ΝΙ-Κ-ΑΙ-Ε/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC,
Q-001
quadrans
072_Gordianus_III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-0x4_h_mm_g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #362 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #3
avers:- M-ANT-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ, Radiate,draped bust right,
revers:- ΝΙ-Κ-ΑΙ-Ε/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: BMC,
Q-003
quadrans
072_Gordianus_III__(238-244_A_D_),_AE-22_Nikaia_in_Bithynia-_______N_Q-0x5_h_mm_g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, SNG Cop 526, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #165 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Bithynia, Nikaia, SNG Cop 526, BMC , AE-22, ΝΙΚΑΙΕΩN, #1
avers:- M-ANT-ΓOPΔIANOC-AVΓ, Laureate, draped bust right,
revers:- ΝΙ-Κ-ΑΙ-Ε/ΩN, Between and beneath three standards.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Bithynia, Nikaia, date: A.D., ref: SNG Cop 526, BMC,
Q-001
quadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-30_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_Rabbit-and-Vexillum_241_Pick-089_PM-1-42-1_Mus-_Q-001_1h_27,5-28,5mm_15,54g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-42-01, AE-Sestertius, Rabbit and Vexillum, Rare!!!, #0174 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-42-01, AE-Sestertius, Rabbit and Vexillum, Rare!!!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PMS-C-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding hare by its hind legs and standard, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo: -/-//AN IIII, diameter: 27,5-28,5mm, weight: 15,45g, axis: 1h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., regnal year IIII., ref: Pick-089, PM-1-42-1, Mus-, Rare !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
VIM_Gordianus-III_AE-21_Dup_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_PMSC_OL-VIM_AN-IIII_241_Pick-90_PM-1-43-1_Mus-x_242-243-AD_Q-001_1h_23-24mm_10,83g-s~0.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-43-01, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #0162 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Moesia, Viminacium, PM 01-43-01, AE-Dupondius, Hare, Rare!!!, #01
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right .
revers:- PMSC-OL-VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, holding hare by its hind legs and standard, date AN IIII in exergo.
exergo:-/-//AN IIII, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 10,83g, axis:1 h,
mint: Moesia, Viminacium, date: 242-243 A.D., ref: Pick-090, PM-1-43-1, Rare!!!, #01
Q-001
quadrans
074-Philippus-I_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_FIDES-MILIT_RIC-IV-III-33_Rome_244-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0033, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, Fides standing left, #169 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0033, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDES MILIT, Fides standing left, holding sceptre and standard.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 23,0mm, weight: 4,43g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 244 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-033, p-, RSC 54, Sear 2557,
Q-001
"This coin was issued near the beginning of Philip's reign. The reverse was created to show the loyal devotion of the military for the new Emperor."
quadrans
074-Philippus-I_AR-Ant_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC-IV-III-34b_Rome_244-AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0034b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #164 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0034b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standard.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 4,30g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date:244 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-033, p-, RSC 58, Sear -,
Q-001
"This coin was issued near the beginning of Philip's reign. The reverse was created to show the loyal devotion of the military for the new Emperor."
quadrans
Philippus-I__IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG_FIDESEXERCITVS_RIC-062_C-050_Q-001_21-22mm_4_44g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0062, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #1,85 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0062, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #1,
avers:- IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, the third from right has an eagle atop it.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5 mm, weight: 4,44g, axis: 2h,
mint: Rome, date: 248-249 A.D. ref: RIC-IV-III-062, p-75, RSC 050, Sear 2556,
Q-001
quadrans
Philippus-I__IMP-PHILIPPVS-AVG_FIDESEXERCITVS_RIC-084a_Q-002_21-24mm_4_18g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0062, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #2,72 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0062, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, #2,
avers:- IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- FIDES EXERCITVS, Four standards, the third from right has an eagle atop it.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21,0-23,5mm, weight: 4,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 248-249 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-062, p-75, RSC 050, Sear 2556,
Q-002
quadrans
074-Philippus-I_AE-As_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC-_Rome_-AD_Q-001_h_mm_4_34g-s.jpg
074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0173b, Rome, AE-As, S/C//--, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #168 views074 Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0173b, Rome, AE-As, S/C//--, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding sceptre and standard.
exergue: S/C//--, diameter: mm, weight: 4,34g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date:244 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 173b, p-90, C-63,
Q-001
quadrans
DAC_Philippus_AE-27_IMP-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DA-CIA_AN-dotIIdot_Pick-12_PM-2-63-1_Mus-_Q-001_1h_27,5mm_13,51ga-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-63-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//AN•II•, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1105 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-63-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//AN•II•, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVI N CIA DA CIA, Dacia sitting left, holding two standards, between an eagle and a lion, Year AN II in exergue.
exergue: -/-//AN•II•, diameter: 27,5mm, weight: 13,51g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 247-248 A.D., ref: Pick-12, PM-2-63-1, Mus-,
Q-001
quadrans
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-28,_IMP_M_IVL_PHILIPPVS_AVG,_PROV_INC_IA_D_ACIA,_AN-III,_Pick-16,_PM-2-67-22,_Mus-R,_Q-001,_1h,_28mm,_14,20g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #179 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-22, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA D ACIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed V in right, on left standard inscribed XIII and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 28,0mm, weight: 14,20g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D.,
ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-22,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
D-074_Philippus-I__(244-249_A_D_),_AE-27_IMP-M-IVL-PHILIPPVS-AVG_PROVI-N-CIA-DACIA_AN-III_Pick-16_PM-2-67-23_Mus-R_Q-001_1h_26-27mm_11,90g-s~0.jpg
074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1206 views074p Philippus I. (244-249 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 02-67-23, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare! #1
avers: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust right.
reverse: PROV INC IA DA CIA, Dacia stands left in long chiton and Phrygian cap, curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, on left standard inscribed V and eagle head right wreath in beak, on right lion walking left.
exergue: -/-//ANIII, diameter: 26-27mm, weight: 11,90g, axis: 1h,
mint: Dacia, date: 248-249 A.D., ref: Pick-16, PM-2-67-23, SGICV 3873v, BMC 6v, Moushmov 1,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_077be_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 19317 viewsDenarius
Obv:– IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides seated left holding two standards
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 193. RSC 51
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077at_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 24821 viewsObv:– IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm
Minted in Rome. 232 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 248. RSC 166.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077at_img~0.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander denarius - RIC 24834 viewsObv:– IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed, bust right
Rev:– MARS VLTOR, Mars standing left, leaning on shield and holding spear; standard resting on his right arm
Minted in Rome. 232 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 248. RSC 166.

Not a scarce coin but seemingly much scarcer than the more usual Mars advancing with spear and shield type.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_077ba_img.jpg
077 - Severus Alexander Sestertius - RIC 63824 viewsAe Sestertius
Obv:- IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust
Rev:- MARS VLTOR SC, Mars standing left holding spear, shield, with standard resting against his right arm
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 638
maridvnvm
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_DACIA_RIC-12b-C-16_22-24mm_4_76g-a.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #1313 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,76g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: , ref: RIC IV-III 12b, RSC 16,
Q-001
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_DACIA_RIC-IV-III-12b-P-121_C-16_249-51-AD_Q-003_0h_21-22mm_3,57ga-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #386 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0012b, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #3
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 0h,
mint: Roma, date: , ref: RIC IV-III 12b, RSC 16,
Q-003
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_DACIA_RIC-13_Q-001_axis-7h_21mm_4_85g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0013, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #172 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0013, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, DACIA, Dacia standing left, #1
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding standard,
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 21mm, weight: 4,85g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 013,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_GENIVS-EXERC-ILLVRICIANI_RIC-IV-III-16c-p-122_249-251-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20,5-21,5mm_3,57g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0016c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #1208 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0016c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers: GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; standard to right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,57g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-III-16c, p-122
Q-001
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_GENIVS-EXERC-ILLVRICIANI_RIC-IV-III-16c-p-122_249-251-AD_Q-004_0h_20-22mm_4,29g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0016c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #462 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0016c, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #4
avers: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers: GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; standard to right.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 4,29g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-16c, p-122
Q-004
quadrans
079_Traianus-Decius,_RIC_IV-III_024,_IMP_C_M_Q_TRAIANVS_DECIVS_AVG,_PANNONIAE,_p122,_249-51-AD,_Q-001,_1h,_20,0-21,5mm,_4,14g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0024, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #171 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0024, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #1
avers: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
reverse: PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae, veiled, facing each other, holding a standard between them.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,5 mm, weight: 4,14g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC IV-III 24, p-123,
Q-001
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PANNONIAE_RIC-26_C-81_Q-001_21mm_3_21g.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #1,73 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #1,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20-20,5 mm, weight: 3,21g, axis: 0 h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-001
quadrans
Traianus-Decius_IMP-CMQ-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_PANNONIAE_RIC-26_C-81_Q-002_21-24mm_3_68g.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #2,71 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #2,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped, & cuirassed bust right
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-23,5 mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-002
quadrans
079_Traianus-Decius,_RIC_IV-III_026,_IMP_C_M_Q_TRAIANVS_DECIVS_AVG,_PANNONIAE,_p122-249-51-AD_Q-004_6h_20,5-22,5mm_3,93g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,135 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0026, Rome, AR-Antoninianus, PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, #4,
avers:- IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- PANNONIAE, Two Pannoniae facing each other, shaking hands in front of standard in the center
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20,5-22,5 mm, weight: 3,938g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D., ref: RIC-IV-III-26, p-123, C_81,
Q-004
2 commentsquadrans
Traianus-Decius_AE-Sest_IMP-C-M-Q-TRAIANVS-DECIVS-AVG_GENIVS-EXERC-ILLVRICIANI_RIC-IV-III-117a-p-122_249-251-AD_Q-001_0h_27,5-30mm_17_8g-s.jpg
079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0117a, Rome, AE-Sestertius, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #198 views079 Traianus Decius (249-251 A.D.), RIC IV-III 0117a, Rome, AE-Sestertius, GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
revers: GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; standard to right. S-C across the field.
exe: S/C//--, diameter: 27,5-30,0mm, weight: 17,8g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 249-251 A.D.,ref: RIC-IV-III-117a, C.53,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
07a-Constantine-Lug-273.jpg
07a. Constantine: Lugdunum follis.25 viewsFollis, Autumn 307 - Summer 308, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / Constantine standing, in military dress, holding standard in each hand.
Mint mark: PLG
7.44 gm., 26 mm.
RIC #273; PBCC #259; Sear #16027.
Callimachus
RI_080g_img.jpg
080 - Maximiminus Thrax, Denarius - RIC 00520 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P II COS P P, Emperor standing left, holding standard and sceptre; standard behind
Minted in Rome. A.D. 237
Reference:– Cohen 10. RIC 5. RSC 64.
maridvnvm
RI_080f_img.jpg
080 - Maximiminus Thrax, Sestertius - RIC 04314 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM S-C, Fides standing left, standard in each hand
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 43

Weight 23.22g. 32.33mm.
maridvnvm
RI 080a img.jpg
080 - Maximinus denarius - RIC 00161 viewsObv:– IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– P M TR P P P, Maximinus standing left between two standards, holding scepter and raising right hand in salute
Minted in Rome, April - Dec A.D. 235
Reference:– RIC 1, RSC 46
maridvnvm
Hostilian_AR-Antoninianus_C-VALENS-HOSTIL-MES-QVINTVS-N-C_PRINCIPI-IVVENTVTIS_RIC-181d-Tr_Dec__C-33_Rome_251-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20mm_3,56g-s.jpg
082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,73 views082 Hostilian (250-251 A.D. Caesar, 251 A.D. Augustus), AR-Antoninianus, RIC IV-III 181d, Rome, PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caesar, Scarce!,
avers:- C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate, draped bust right,
revers:- PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Hostilian standing left, holding spear & standard.
exe: -/-//--, diameter: 20 mm, weight: 3,56 g, axis: 6 h,
mint: Rome, date: 251 A.D., ref: RIC-181d , p-144 ,C-34, Scarce,
Q-001
quadrans
1123Hadrian_RIC848.jpg
0848 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Cappadocia standing13 viewsReference.
RIC 848c; C. 205; BMC 1730; Strack 714.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, bare-headed, draped, right

Rev. CAPPADOCIA, S C across field
Cappadocia towered wearing tunic and cloak with tassels standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus and a standard.

13.91 gr
28 mm
6h
okidoki
158Hadrian__RIC848c.jpg
0848 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Cappadocia standing27 viewsReference.
RIC 848c; C. 205; BMC 1730; Strack 714.

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Bust of Hadrian, bare-headed, draped, right

Rev. CAPPADOCIA, S C across field
Cappadocia towered wearing tunic and cloak with tassels standing left holding a miniature of Mount Argaeus and a standard.

11.24 gr
26 mm
12h

Note.
Ex Charles Darrah Collection of Flavian and Antonine Bronzes.
okidoki
RI 087w img.jpg
087 - Gordian III Antoninianus - RIC 00178 viewsObv:– IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding standard and transverse sceptre
Minted in Rome. First Issue. End July A.D. 238 – End July A.D. 239
Reference:– RIC 1, RSC 86
Weight 4.11 gms
Dimensions 22.55mm
maridvnvm
DAC_Valerian-I_AE-25_IMP-P-LIC-VALERIANO-AVG_PROVIN_CIA-DACIA_AN-VIII_Pick-na_PM-7-54-1_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_h_mm_9,73g-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-54-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!69 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-54-01, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANVIII, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP P LIC VALERIANO AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: PROVIN CIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, holding two standards, between an eagle and a lion, Year ANVIII in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ANVIII, diameter: 25mm, weight: 9,73g, axis: h,
mint: Dacia, date: 253-254 A.D., ref: Pick-61var??, PM-7-54-1, Mus-23var??,
Q-001
quadrans
DAC_Valerian-I_AE-25_IMP-P-L-VALERIANVS-AVG_PROVINCI-A-D-ACIA_AN-X_Pick-63var_PM-7-59-x-not-in_Mus-na_rare_Q-001_11h_26,5-28,5mm_8,75g-s.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!64 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Dacia, Dacia, PM 07-59-??, AE-Sestertius, -/-//ANX, PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left, Rare!
avers: IMP P L VALERIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
reverse: PROVINCI A D ACIA, Dacia standing left, between an eagle and a lion, right hand holding serpent, left hand holding standards, Year ANX in exergue.
exergue: -/-//ANX, diameter: 26,5-28,5mm, weight: 8,75g, axis: 11h,
mint: Dacia, date: 255-256 A.D., ref: Pick-63var??, PM-7-59-???, Mus-??,
Q-001
quadrans
Valerian_I_,_Pisidia,_Antioch,_AE-22_IMP_CAERAS_LL_OVNAHHIR_ANTIOC-HIO_CL__S_R_SNG_France_3-1316__Krzy__VII-35__Q-001_0h_21-22mm_4,24g-s~0.jpg
088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle,121 views088p Valerian I. (253-260 A.D.), Pisidia, Antioch, SNG France 3 1316, AE-22, S/R//--, ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle,
avers: IMP CAERAS LL OVNAHHIR, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: ANTIO CHIO CL, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, between two standards. S-R between the masts.
exergue: S/R//--, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 4,24g, axis: 0h,
mint: Pisidia, Antioch, date: 253 A.D., ref: SNG France 3, 1316; Krzy. VII, 35.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RI_089n_img.jpg
089 - Philip I, AE Sestertius - RIC 172a14 viewsObv:– IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM S-C, Fides standing left holding two standards
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– Cohen 59. RIC 172a

15.96g. 32.06mm. 0o
maridvnvm
RI 089c img.jpg
089 - Phillip I Antoninianus - RIC 03324 viewsObv:– IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILIT, Fides standing left, holding standard and scepter
Minted in Rome. A.D. 244 - 247
Reference:– Van Meter 12. RIC 33. RSC 54.
maridvnvm
dom_1445.jpg
09 Domitian as Caesar RIC-1445121 viewsAR Denarius, 3.01g
Ephesus mint, 71 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG F; Bust of Domitian, cuirassed, seen from front, Medusa head on breast of cuirass, fold of cloak on left shoulder, head bare, r.
Rev: AVG and EPHE in oak wreath
RIC 1445 (R). BMC 469. RSC 22. RPC 846 (4 spec.). BNC 362.
Ex CNG E88, 14 September 2011, lot 1302.

Minted in 71 AD, this denarius is part of the first series ever issued for Domitian. The draped and cuirassed bust type chosen here is unusual for the Flavian era...one wonders why it was used only for Domitian and not Vespasian or Titus. The reverse is a standard type shared with Vespasian and Titus at Ephesus.

I'm not sure why it has taken me so long to obtain a Domitian as Caesar denarius from Ephesus, these are wonderful coins.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
111_036.JPG
090 Vespasian87 viewsVespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
Silver denarius, RIC II part 1, 362; SRCV I 2317, BMCRE II 74, F, 2.879g, 17.2mm, 195o, Rome mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right, crowning legionary standard with wreath with right, palm across shoulder in left.

"This type likely refers to the victory in Judaea but does not specifically identify that victory."
5 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_FIDEI-PRAET_RIC-568_C-_Siscia_253-268-AD__Q-001_axis-11h_19-20mm_2,81g-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET, 72 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 568, Siscia, Sole Reign, FIDEI PRAET,
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDEI PRAET, Legionary eagle (standard) between two standards.
exergo: -/-//--, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,81g, axis: 11h,
mint: Siscia (Rome ???), date: 253-268 A.D.??, ref: RIC-V-I-568, p-181, Göbl 518,
Q-001
quadrans
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_FIDES-EXERC-VIII_P-r_fields_RIC-748var_C-_Mediolanum_-AD_Q-001_6h_19-19,5mm_3,28ga-s.jpg
090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 748var., Mediolanum, Sole Reign, FIDES EXERC VIII, Rare !65 views090p Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-I 748var., Mediolanum, Sole Reign, FIDES EXERC VIII, Rare !
avers:- GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right.
revers:- FIDES EXERC VIII, Fides standing left, holding upright standard with right hand and transverse standard with left.
exerg: -/P//--, diameter: 19-19,5mm, weight: 3,28g, axes: 6h,
mint: Mediolanum, date: -A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-748var, p-, C-, Göbl 1029r-var "P in the right field in rev."
Q-001
quadrans
RI_096g_img.jpg
096 - Trajan Decius - RIC 017b9 viewsObv:– IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI Genius standing front, head to left, holding patera over lighted altar in his right hand and cornucopiae with his left; in left field, standard
Minted in Rome. A.D. 249 - 251
Reference(s) – RIC 17b. RSC 56

4.01 gms, 22.51mm. 180 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_096h_img.jpg
096 - Trajan Decius - RIC 02617 viewsObv:– IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae facing each other, holding a standard between them
Minted in Rome. A.D. 249 - 25
Reference(s) – RIC 26. RSC 81

3.41 gms, 21.54mm x 180mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 096e img~0.jpg
096 - Trajan Decius Antoninianus - RIC 021b44 viewsObv:– IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae, each holding a standard, standing half left but looking in opposite directions
Minted in Rome.
Reference:– RIC 21b. RSC 86
maridvnvm
Postumus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-POSTVMVS-PF-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_RIC-V-II-p-_C-x__260-69_AD_Q-001_1h_21,5mm_4,04ga-s.jpg
098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 059v., AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, Fides left with two standards, #1174 views098 Postumus (260-269 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC V-II 059v., AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, Fides left with two standards, #1
avers: IMP C POSTVMVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides left with two standards,
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 4,04g, axes: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 260-269 A.D.,
ref: RIC V-II 59v., Cohen 67, Sear 10940, (dots in legend not in RIC !!!)
Q-001
quadrans
Macrinus-RIC-22a.jpg
099. Macrinus.13 viewsDenarius, April - Dec. 217 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Macrinus.
Reverse: PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P / Fides standing, foot on helmet, holding standard in each hand.
3.45 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #22A; Sear #7345.

A case is made in RIC (vol. IV, pt. 2) for assigning coins with the older portrait (as is this coin) to the mint of Antioch, and the younger portrait to the mint of Rome. Recent scholarship, however, favors Rome as the mint for all coins of this reign.
Callimachus
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
IMG_4880.jpg
1 Constantius II30 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 351-355. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor in military dress standing left on galley, holding a phoenix on globe and a chi-rho standard, Victory at helm steers the ship. Γ in left field, * in right field. Mintmark dot TS epsilon dot.
Thessalonica
RIC VIII 174 var
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
IMG_2466.JPG
1.2 Constantius II21 viewsConstantius II AE3. AD 348-351. D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, Emperor in military dress advancing left, treading on captive, holding Victory on a globe and a chi-rho standard, Γ left, star right. Mintmark star TS Delta Dot (or star)

Thessalonica
RIC VIII 172
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
legiovi4TN.jpg
1.3 Marcus Anotonius AR Legionary Denarius. Legion VI Ferrata60 viewssilver denarius, gF
32-31 BC
obv. ANT AVG III VIR R P C Praetorian Galley
rev. LEG VI eagle between standards

"The Iroonclads" were a legion created under Julius Caesar in Gallia Cisalpina in 52 BC. The name is probably a reference to the suits of armor that they wore.
Zam
Diadumenian-RIC-102.jpg
101. Diadumenian.39 viewsDenarius, April 217 - April 218 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAM CAES / bust of Diadumenian.
Reverse: PRINC IVVENTVTIS / Diadumenian standing, holding standard and sceptre. Two more standards at right.
3.23 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #102; Sear #7449.
1 commentsCallimachus
102_Tetricus_I,_RIC_V-II_071,_AE-Ant,_IMP_TETRICVS_AVG,_FIDES_MILITVM,_Elmer_783,_272-3_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_17,5-18,5mm,_4,07g-s.jpg
102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 071, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1138 views102 Tetricus I., (270-2272 A.D.), RIC V-II 071, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//--, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP TETRICVS AVG, Radiate, and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standards.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,5mm, weight: 4,07g, axes: 6h,
mint: , date: 272-273 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 071, Elmer 783,
Q-001
quadrans
IMG_5848~0.JPG
102. Philipp II (247–249 A.D.)25 viewsAv.: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES
Rv.: PRINCIPI IVVENT

AR Antoninian Ř21 / 3.9g
RIC 218 d var. Rome, Cohen 48
var.= None of the four standard references
refer the left facing reverse with a scepter.
Juancho
Quintillus_AE-Ant_IMP-CM-AVR-CL-QVINTILLVS_AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_Epsilon-right_RIC-18_C-28_Rome_270-AD__Q-001_18mm_2,08g-s.jpg
105 Quintillus (270 A.D.), T-1152, RIC V-I 018, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/Є//--, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #184 views105 Quintillus (270 A.D.), T-1152, RIC V-I 018, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/Є//--, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding standard and spear, Epsilon (5th officina) right field. (Fides3).
exergue: -/Є//--, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,08g, axis:6 h,
mint: Rome, off-5, iss-1, date: 270 A.D., ref: RIC-18, RIC-Temp-1152,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_GENIVS-ILLVR_RIC-V-223v-p-T-Not_in_off-3_iss-2_Siscia_270-AD_Q-001_0h_20-21mm_3,46ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,80 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- ???, RIC V-I 223var, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS ILLVR, */-//T, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- GENIVS ILLVR, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: */-//T, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 3,46g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, iss-2, Ph-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-??? (Estiot), RIC V-I 223var.,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG-(D2)_CONC-ORDI-LEGI-(Con3c)_RIC-V-I-104var-p-T-_off-_iss-_Mediolanum_270-1_AD_Q-001_11h_20-22mm_3,31ga-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- not in, RIC V-I Not in, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI ???, -/-//--, Concordia standing left, 103 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T- not in, RIC V-I Not in, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI ???, -/-//--, Concordia standing left,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear. (D2)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding two standard in each hand. (Concordia 3c.)
exerg: -/-//?, diameter: 20,0-22,0mm, weight: 3,31g, axes: 11h,
mint: Siscia, iss-, off-, date: 270 A.D., ref: T- not in(Estiot), RIC V-I Not in , Rare !!!
Q-001
quadrans
Aur-xy004-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1930, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/P//--, Concordia standing left,117 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1930, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/P//--, Concordia standing left,
avers:-IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/P//--, diameter: 19-21mm, weight: 3,15g, axes: 7h,
mint: Siscia, iss-1, off-1, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1930 (Estiot), RIC V-I 192,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-silvered-Ant_IMP-C-AVRELIANVS-AVG_CONCO-RDxxx_RIC-V-I--p-RIC-T-_271-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_21-22,5mm_5,35g-ys.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1956, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,113 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1956, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,
avers:-IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:-CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/T//--, diameter: 21-22,5mm, weight: 5,35g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, iss-1, off-3, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1956 (Estiot), RIC V-I 192,
Q-001
quadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-1957,_RIC_V-I_192,_Siscia,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MILI,_-T,_iss-1,_off3,_270_AD,_Q-001,_1h,_21-22,7mm,_4,72g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1957, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,121 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1957, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/T//--, Concordia standing left,
avers: IMP C M AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust left, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1l.)
reverse: CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/T//--, diameter: 21,0-22,7mm, weight: 4,72g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, iss-1, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1957 (Estiot), RIC V-I 192, LV 6015-20,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
106_Aurelianus_T-1973,_RIC_V-I_192,_Siscia,_AE-Ant_IMP_C_M_AVRELIANVS_AVG,_CONCORDIA_MILI,_Q,_iss-1,_off4,_270_AD_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1973, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/Q//--, Concordia standing left,109 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1973, RIC V-I 192, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILI, -/Q//--, Concordia standing left,
avers:- IMP C M AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum. (D1)
revers:- CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/Q//--, diameter: 19-22,5mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, iss-1, off-4, date: 270 A.D., ref: T-1973 (Estiot), RIC V-I 192, LV 6015-20,
Q-001
quadrans
Aurelianus_AE-Ant_IMP-AVRELIANVS-AVG_GENIVS-EXERCITI_RIC-V-345-p-RIC-T-Not-in_off-_iss-3_Cyzicus_271-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_20mm_3,88g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2923, RIC V-I 345var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERCITI, -/-//--, Genius standing left,73 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-2923, RIC V-I 345var, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, GENIVS EXERCITI, -/-//--, Genius standing left,
avers:- IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed. (B1)
revers:- GENIVS EXERCITI, Genius standing left, holding patera in right hand and cornucopiae in left hand; on ground to right, standard. (Genius 1)
exerg: -/-//-, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,88g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, iss-3, date: 271 A.D., ref: T-2923 (Estiot), RIC V-I 245var,
Q-001
quadrans
coin229.JPG
106. Commodus32 viewsCommodus

According to Gibbon, the emperor Commodus spent the early years of his reign "in a seraglio of three hundred beautiful women and as many boys, of every rank and of every province." Later, adding bloodshed to his round of pleasures, he launched a career in murder, beginning with the dispatch of the usual senators, ministers and family members and continuing with the slaughter of beasts. Styling himself the Roman Hercules, he went as a performer into the amphitheater, where he cut down before the public a number of ostriches, a panther, a hundred lions, an elephant, a rhinoceros and a giraffe. He then entered the lists as a gladiator. Commodus fought 735 times and paid himself such a high fee for each appearance that a new tax had to be levied. He was strangled by a wrestler while drunk.

Denarius. 192 AD. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right / P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P, Fides standing left holding standard & cornucopiae, star right. RSC 583a. RIC 233
ecoli
T-1553_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_U-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1553_Ticinium_iss-4_5th-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_5h_21-22mm_4,38ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1553 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//UXXT, Fides and Sol, #1142 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1553 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//UXXT, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//UXXT, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 4,38g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1553 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1554_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_V-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1554_C-x_Ticinium_5th-off_274-275-AD__Q-008_5h_21-22mm_2,31g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #1123 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 22mm, weight: 2,31g, axes: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1554 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1554_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR_V-XX__RIC-9_RIC-T-1554_C-x_Ticinium_5th-off_274-275-AD__Q-002_6h_21,5-22mm_3,81g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #2141 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1554 (Estiot), RIC V-I 009, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEORVM, -/-//VXXT, Fides and Sol, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1)
exerg: -/-//VXXT, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,81g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-4, off-5, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-9, T-1554 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1560_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1560_Ticinium_iss-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22mm_3,75g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1560 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1119 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1560 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,75g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off- , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1560 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1561_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_PXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1561_Ticinium_iss-5_off-1_275-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_3,99g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//PXXT, diameter:22mm, weight: 3,99g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-1 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1561 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
107_Severina,_T-1561,_RIC_V-I_8,_Ticinum,_AE-Ant,_SEVERINA_AVG,_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM,_PXXIT,_iss-5,_off-1,_275_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22-24mm,_4,4g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #2150 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1561 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//PXXT, Concordia standing left, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//PXXT, diameter:22,0-24,0mm, weight: 4,40g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-1 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 8, T-1561 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
107_Severina,_T-1562,_RIC_V-I_8,_Ticinum,_AE-Ant,_SEVERINA_AVG,_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM,_SXXIT,_iss-5,_off-2,_275_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22-23mm,_3,72g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1562 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//SXXT, Concordia standing left, #1173 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1562 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//SXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//SXXT, diameter:22,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,72g, axes: 6h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-2 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1562 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1564_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_PXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1564_Ticinium_iss-5_off-4_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5-22,5mm_3,02g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1564 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//QXXT, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1564 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//QXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//QXXT, diameter:21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,02g, axes:5h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-4 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1564 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1566_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_VXX__RIC-8_RIC-T-1566_Ticinium_iss-5_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_11h_21,5-23mm_4,13g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1566 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//VXXT, Concordia standing left, #1127 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1566 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//VXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//VXXT, diameter:21,5-23mm, weight: 4,13g, axes:11h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-5 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8, T-1566 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1568_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM___XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1568_Ticinium_iss-5_6th-off_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22mm_3,19g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #1136 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//μXXT, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,19g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-6 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1568 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1568_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM___XX__RIC-8var_RIC-T-1568_Ticinium_iss-5_6th-off_275-AD_Q-002_11h_22-23mm_3,67g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #2119 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1568 (Estiot), RIC V-I 008var, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//μXXT, Concordia standing left, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//μXXT, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-5 ,off-6 , date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-8var., T-1568 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1818_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM___XXIR_RIC-4_RIC-T-1818_Rome_iss-11_3rd-off_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22mm_4,36g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1818 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Γ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1143 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1818 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Γ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Γ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/Γ//XXIR, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-3, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1818 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1820_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_D_XXIR_RIC-4_RIC-T-1820_Rome_iss-11_4-off_275-AD_Q-001_1h_22mm_4,32g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1132 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DI-AE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Δ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/Δ//XXIR, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,32g, axes:1h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1820 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1820,_107_Severina,_AE-Ant-Silvered,_SEVERI_NA_AVG,_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM,_-D,_XXIR,_RIC_V-I_4,_Rome,_iss-11,_off-4,_275-AD,_Q-002,_0h,_22,5-23mm,_3,81g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2106 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1820 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, -/Δ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. "Δ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Δ//XXIR, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,81g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 4., T-1820 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1824_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_(C-3)_E_XXI-R_RIC-4_T-1824_Rome_iss-11_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,67g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1824 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Є//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1180 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1824 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Є//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. "Є" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Є//XXIR, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1824 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1825_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCOR-DIAE-MILITVM_Digamma-XXI-R_RIC-4_RIC-T-1825_C-7_Rome_iss-11_off-6_318p_275-AD_Q-001_0h_19,7-21,6mm_3,77g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1161 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "ϛ" in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 19,7-20,6mm, weight: 3,77g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-001
quadrans
T-1825_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM_Digamma-XXI-R_RIC-4_RIC-T-1825_Rome_iss-11_off-6_318p_275-AD_Q-002_0h_20-22,5mm_3,04g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2151 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1825 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/ϛ//XXIR, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. ϛ in right field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/ϛ//XXIR, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,04g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, iss-11, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1825 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-002
quadrans
T-1888_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG(E2)_CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM_(C-3)_R-B_XXI_RIC-4_RIC-T-1888_Rome_iss-12_off-2_275-AD_Q-001_4h_21-22mm_3,63g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1888 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, R/B//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1152 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-1888 (Estiot), RIC V-I 004, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, R/B//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand."R-B" across the field.(Concordia 3)
exerg: R/B//XXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,63g, axes:4h,
mint: Rome, iss-12, off-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-4., T-1888 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2381_107_Severina,_AE-Ant_,_SEVERINAE_AVG(E2),_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM(C3),_XXIQ,_RIC-13,_Siscia,_iss-9,_ph-1,_off-4,_274-275_AD,_Q-001,_6h,_22,4-23,8mm,_4,42g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2381 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXIQ, Concordia standing left, #166 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2381 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXIQ, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERIN AE AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE M ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22,4-23,8mm, weight: 4,42g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-1, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2381 (Estiot), LV-8816
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
T-2405_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG_CONCO-RDIAE-M-ILITVM_T-XXI_RIC-13_RIC-T-2405_C-7_Siscia_p_274-275-AD__Q-001_5h_221,5-22,5mm_3,43g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2405 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//TXXI, Concordia standing left, #1138 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2405 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//TXXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERINAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//TXXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,00g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-2, off-3, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2405 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2419_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NAE-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_P_XXI_RIC-13_T-2419_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_1-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_6h_22-23mm_2,76g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2419 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/P//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1167 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2419 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/P//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/P//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 2,76g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-1, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2419 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2430_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_Q_XXI_RIC-13_T-2430_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_4-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_1h_21,5-22,5mm_3,00g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2430 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Q//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1133 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2430 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/Q//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers: SEVERIN AE AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCOR DIAE M ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exergue: -/Q//XXI, diameter: 21,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,00g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2430 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-2436_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERIN-AE-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-M-ILITVM-(C-3)_V_XXI_RIC-13_T-2436_Siscia_9-iss-ph-3_5-off_274-275-AD_Q-001_1h_21-22mm_3,43g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2436 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1125 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-2436 (Estiot), RIC V-I 013, Siscia, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/V//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NAE-AVG, Diademed (high bun), draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCO-RDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/V//XXI, diameter: 21-22mm, weight: 3,43g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, Issue 9, ph-3, off-4, date: 274-275 A.D., ref: RIC-13, T-2436 (Estiot),
Q-001
quadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-001_11h_22mm_4,47g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1270 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,47g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-002_0h_22-23mm_3,96g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2178 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia 3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,96g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-002
quadrans
Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_RIC-T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_318p_270-275-AD__Q-007_6h_22mm_3,47g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #3321 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #3
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,47g, axes: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-003
1 commentsquadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-004_0h_22mm_3,76g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #4133 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #4
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,76g, axes: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-004
quadrans
T-3084_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG_CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM_XXI_RIC-18_T-3084_C-7_Cyzicus_iss-10_ph-2_275-AD_Q-005_11h_23-25,5mm_3,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #5149 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3084 (Estiot), RIC V-I 018, Cyzicus, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIAE MILITVM, -/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #5
avers:- SEVERINA-AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORD-IAE-M-ILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. (Concordia3)
exerg: -/-//XXI, diameter: 23-25,5mm, weight: 3,61g, axes: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, Issue 10, ph-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-18, T-3084 (Estiot), C-7,
Q-005
quadrans
T-3183_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVER-INA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_H_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3183_Antioch_5-iss-8-off_274-5-AD_Q-001_5h_19,5-22,0mm_3,95g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, H/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, Rare!125 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3183 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, H/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, Rare!
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "H" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: H/-//XXI, diameter: 19,5-22,0mm, weight: 3,95g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-5, off-8, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3183 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
T-3187_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3187_Antioch_6-iss-1-off_275-AD_Q-001_5h_21,8-23,0mm_3,74g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1132 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "P" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: P/-//XXI, diameter: 21,8-23,0mm, weight: 3,74g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-1, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3187 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3187_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3187_Antioch_6-iss-1-off_275-AD_Q-002_5h_20,0-24,1mm_4,28g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2178 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3187 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, P/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #2
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "P" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: P/-//XXI, diameter: 22,0-24,1mm, weight: 4,28g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-1, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3187 (Estiot), C-,
Q-002
quadrans
T-3189_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-AVG-(E2)_CONCOR-DIAE-M-ILITVM-(Conc-3)_P_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3189_Antioch_6-iss-2-off_275-AD_Q-002_6h_22,5-23,7mm_4,08ga-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3189 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1124 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3189 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, S/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "S" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: S/-//XXI, diameter: 22,5-23,7mm, weight: 4,08g, axes:6h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3189 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
107_Severina,_T-3191,_RIC_V-I_020,_Antioch,_AE-Ant,_SEVERINA_AVG,_CONCORDIAE_MILITVM,_T_XXI,_iss-6,_off-3,_275_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,5-23mm,_3,45g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3191 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, T/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,144 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3191 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, T/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,
avers: SEVERI NA AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
reverse: CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding the standard in each hand. "T" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exergue: T/-//XXI, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,45g, axes:0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-3, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC V-I 20, p-318, T-3191 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVER-INA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_Q_XXI_RIC-V-I-20_RIC-T-3193_Antioch_6-iss-4-off_275-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-22,5mm_3,90g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3193 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Q/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,180 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3193 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, Q/-//XXI, Concordia standing left,
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "Q" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: Q/-//XXI, diameter: 20,5-22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axes:5h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-4, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3193 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3198_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERI-NA-AVG-(E2)_CONCORDIAE-MILITVM-(Conc-3)_VI-XXI_RIC-20_T-3198_Antioch_6-iss-6-off_275-AD_Q-01_6h_21-22,5mm_3,54g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3198 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, VI/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1149 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3198 (Estiot), RIC V-I 020, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA MILITVM, VI/-//XXI, Concordia standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERI-NA-AVG, Empress right, diademed (high bun), draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIAE-MILITVM, Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand. "VI" in left field. (Concordia 3)
exerg: VI/-//XXI, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,69g, axes:0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-6, off-6, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-20, p-318, T-3198 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
image~1.jpg
108. Didius Julianus59 views193 A.D. - The Year of Five Emperors. On 1 January, the Senate selected Pertinax, against his will, to succeed the late Commodus as Emperor. The Praetorian Guard assassinated him on 28 March and auctioned the throne to the highest bidder, Didius Julianus, who offered 300 million sesterces. Outraged by the Praetorians, legions in Illyricum select Septimius Severus as emperor; in Britannia the legions select their governor Clodius Albinus, and in Syria the legions select their governor Pescennius Niger. On 1 June Septimius Severus entered the capital, put Julianus put to death and replaced the Praetorian Guard with his own troops. Clodius Albinus allied with Severus and accepted the title of Caesar. Pescennius Niger was defeated, killed and his head displayed in Rome.


SH67895. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC VI 14, BMCRE V 20, Cohen 3, Cayon III 1, SRCV II 6075, aF, weight 19.437 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES M DID SEVER IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONCORD MILIT, S - C, Concordia Militum standing half left, flanked by legionary eagle before in right and standard behind in left.

Ex-FORVM


1 commentsecoli
rjb_car_1094_08_05.jpg
109443 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv “IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG”
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev “VIRTVS AVG”
Woman standing right holding standard clasping hand of emperor standing left
Uncertain mint
-/-//XX
RIC 1094
RIC cites the collection of Sir John Evans for this type and no Webb reference. Webb cites a similar type in the collection of Sir John Evans but with the reverse legend VIRTVS [MILIT?] (Webb 1222). The RIC description appears to be describing the same coin but re-read.
mauseus
T-3502_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_XXI-stigma_T-3502_RIC-87-Rome-iss-2_off-6_275-AD__Q-001_0h_22,5mm_4,05ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3502, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #164 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3502, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-87., T-(Estiot)-3502, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3566_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(Fid1)_XXIs_RIC-087_T-3566_iss-3_off-6_Roma_276-AD_Q-001_0h_22,0mm_3,44g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3566, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3566, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum (D1).
revers: FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 22mm, weight:3,44g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-87., T-(Estiot)-3566, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3566_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM_XXI-stigma_T-3566_RIC-87-Rome-iss-3_off-6_276-AD__Q-001_0h_22,5mm_4,05g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3566, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #172 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3566, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 4,05g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-2, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-87., T-(Estiot)-3566, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3570_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_5h_20,5-23mm_4,02g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #167 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 20,5-23mm, weight: 4,02g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3569_Rome_276-AD_Q-001_6h_21mm_3,40g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #266 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #2
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers: FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 21mm, weight: 3,40g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-_T-3569_Rome_276-AD_Q-003_5h_21-21,5mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #364 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #3
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,73g, axes: 5h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-003
quadrans
T-3570_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(A1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_XXI-stigma_RIC-temp-3570_Rome_276-AD_Q-002_0h_22-23,5mm_4,55g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #464 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3570, RIC V-I 087, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, -/-//XXIς, Bust-A3, Fides standing left, #4
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Head right, radiate, with traces of drapery to front and rear of truncation, (A3).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: -/-//XXIς, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 4,55g, axes:0h,
mint: Rome, off-6, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-87., T-(Estiot)-3570, C-,
Q-004
quadrans
T-3931_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_FIDES-MILITVM-(F1)_star_KA-dot-Gamma-dot_RIC-temp-3931_Serdica_276-AD_Q-001_1h_23mm_3,58g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3931, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, */–//KA•Γ•, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3931, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILITVM, */–//KA•Γ•, Bust-D1, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding standard in each hand, (Fides 1).
exerg: */–//KA•Γ•, diameter: 23mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 1h,
mint: Serdica, off-3, iss-3, date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-., T-(Estiot)-3931, C-,
Q-001
quadrans
Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR-(Fid-Sol-1)_KA-dot-Gamma-dot_T-3941_off-3_iss-3_Serdica-276-AD_Q_0h_23,5-25mm_3,80g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3941, RIC V-I 195var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KA•Γ•, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #190 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3941, RIC V-I 195var, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KA•Γ•, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, (Fi-So1).
exerg: -/-//KA•Γ•, diameter: 23,5-25mm, weight: 3,80g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-3., off-3., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-195var., T-3941, ,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3963_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(B1)_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR-(P2)_KA-Delta_RIC-temp-NO_Serdica-275-AD_Q_5h_21,5mm_3,86g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3963, RIC V-I 195, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3963, RIC V-I 195, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, -/-//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers: PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, (Fi-So1).
exerg: -/-//KAΔ, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 3,86g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, issue-3., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-195., T-(Estiot)-3963, C-, BNC 1790,
Q-001
quadrans
T-3973_Tacitus_AE-Antoninianus_IMP-CM-CL-TACITVS-AVG-(D1)_PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR-(F-S1)_star_KA-Delta_RIC-temp-3973_Serdica-276-AD_Q-001_5h_22-22,5mm_4,03g-s.jpg
110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3973, RIC V-I ???, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #162 views110 Tacitus (275-276 A.D.), T-3973, RIC V-I ???, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//KAΔ, Bust-D1, Fides and Sol, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-CL-TACITVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, (D1).
revers:- PRO-VIDEN-D-EOR, Fides stg. r., holding standard in each hand, facing Sol stg. l., r. hand raised and holding globe in l. hand, (Fi-So1).
exerg: *//KAΔ, diameter: 22-22,5mm, weight: 4,03g, axes: 5h,
mint: Serdica, issue-3., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-., T-(Estiot)-3973, C-, LV 2401,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG_FIDES-MILIT_XXI-E_(D2,F6)_RIC-V-I-30_p-_T-4234_Rome_iss_-1_off_-5_276-AD_Q-001_11h_21-21,5mm_3,67g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1170 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4234, RIC V-I 030, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, FIDES MILIT, -/-//XXIE, Bust-D2, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP-C-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed and draped with paludamentum, seen from rear, (D2).
revers: FIDES-MILIT, Fides standing left, holding long sceptre in right hand and transverse standard in left hand, (Fides 6).
exerg: -/-//XXIE, diameter: 21-21,5mm, weight: 3,67g, axes: 110h,
mint: Roma, 1st.issue, 5th.off., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-30, T-(Estiot)-4234,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4504_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG_PROVIDEN-D-EOR_Star_A_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-_LV-2923_iss-2_off-1_Serdica_276-AD_Q-001_0h_21mm_2,78g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4504, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//A, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #194 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4504, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//A, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #1
avers: IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-P-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers: PROVIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1).
exerg: *//A, diameter: 21mm, weight: 2,78g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-1., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-4504, LV-2923,
Q-001
quadrans
Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-AVG_PROVIDEN-D-EOR_Star-B_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-_LV-2925_T-4506_iss-2_off-3_Serdica_276-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_21,5-22mm_3,62g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4506, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//B, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #165 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4506, RIC V-I , Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//B, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:-PROVIDEN-D-EOR, Fides stg. r., holding standard in each hand, facing Sol stg. l., r. hand raised and holding globe in l. hand. (Fides and Sol 1).
exerg: *//B, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight: 3,62g, axes: 11h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-3., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-4506, LV-2925,
Q-001
quadrans
T-4518_111-Florianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-AVG_PROVIDEN-D-EOR_Star_Delta_Bust-B1_RIC-V-I-_LV-2932_iss-2_off-4_Serdica_276-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-23,0mm_3,17g-s.jpg
111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4518, RIC V-I -, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//Δ, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #1118 views111 Florianus (276-282 A.D.), T-4518, RIC V-I -, Serdica, AE-Antoninianus, PROVIDEN DEOR, *//Δ, Bust-B1, Fides standing right, #1
avers:- IMP-C-M-AN-FLORIANVS-AVG, Bust right, radiate, cuirassed, (B1).
revers:-PROVIDEN-D-EOR, Fides standing right, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol standing left, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. (Fides and Sol 1).
exerg: *//Δ, diameter: 21,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,17g, axes: 0h,
mint: Serdica, issue-2., off-4., date: 276 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, T-(Estiot)-4518, LV-2932,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_075C_Carus_IMPdotCARVSdotPdotFdotAVG_PAX-EXERCITI_PXXI_RIC-V-II-75Cvar_-2nd-em-p-143_C-56_Ticinum_282-AD_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,21g-s.jpg
113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 075C, Ticinum, -/-//PXXI, PAX EXERCITI, Bust-C, Pax standing left, #188 views113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 075C, Ticinum, -/-//PXXI, PAX EXERCITI, Bust-C, Pax standing left, #1
avers: IMP•CARVS•P•F•AVG, Radiate and draped and cuirassed bust right. (C)
reverse: PAX EXERCITI, Pax standing left holding a standard and olive branch, PXXI in ex.
exergue: -/-//PXXI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,21g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 2nd. em., date: 282 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 075C, p-143, C-56,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_075F,_113_Carus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_CARVS_P_F_AVG,_PAX_EXERCITI,_PXXI,_4th__em,_Ticinum,_283_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_22,0-26,0mm,_4,08g-s.jpg
113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 075F, Ticinum, -/-//PXXI, PAX EXERCITI, Bust-F, Pax standing left, #164 views113 Carus (282-283 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 075F, Ticinum, -/-//PXXI, PAX EXERCITI, Bust-F, Pax standing left, #1
avers: IMP CARVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right. (F)
reverse: PAX E XE RCITI, Pax standing left holding a standard and olive branch, PXXI in ex.
exergue: -/-//PXXI, diameter: 22,0-26,0mm, weight:4,08g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, 4th. em., date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 075F, p-143, C-56,
Q-001
quadrans
113_Carus_(282-283_A_D_),_Bi-Tetradrachm,_G-3160,_D-5567-68,_Alexdr_,Eagle_left,L-A_Q-001_11h_19mm_8,55g-s.jpg
113p Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Alexandria, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,77 views113p Carus (282-283 A.D.), Bi-Tetradrachm, G-3187, D-5604-05, Alexandria, Eagle left, beetween two standard, L A above,
avers:-, A-K-M-A-KAROC-CEB, Laureated, draped and curiassed bust right.
revers:- Eagle left, beetween two standard, head right, his beak wreath, L A above (year 1).
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 19mm, weight:8,55 g, axes:11 h,
mint: Alexandria, date: L A year-1, 282-283 A.D., ref: Geissen-3160, Dattari-5567-68, Emmett 3997, Kapmann-Ganschow-113.2-p-340,
Q-001
quadrans
Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG_FIDES-EXERCIT-AVG-G_Gamma_SMSXXI_RIC-V-II-460_p-_-off_Siscia_283-4-AD_Q-001_0h_20,5-21,5mm_3,90g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 460, Siscia, Γ/-//SMSXXI, Bust-C, FIDES EXERCIT AVG G, Fides seated left, Scarce!66 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 460, Siscia, Γ/-//SMSXXI, Bust-C, FIDES EXERCIT AVG G, Fides seated left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right. (C)
revers:- FIDES-EXERCIT-AVG-G, Fides seated left, holding standard in each hand, another standard behind.
exerg: Γ/-//SMSXXI, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd. off, date: 283 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 460, p-200, C-15, Sear-12245, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_V-II_461A_Numerianus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG_VOTA-PVBLICA_SMSXXIGamma_RIC-V-II-461(A)_p-200_Sis--6-em-3-off_284-AD_Sc_Q-001_1h_22mm_3,39g-s.jpg
114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 461, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIΓ, Bust-A, VOTA PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, Scarce!135 views114 Numerianus (283-284 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 461, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIΓ, Bust-A, VOTA PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, Scarce!
avers:- IMP-C-NVMERIANVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, draped, bust right, seen from behind. (A)
revers:- VOTA-PVBLICA, Numerian and Carinus standing, facing each other, each sacrificing over altar and holding a standard.
exerg: -/-//SMSXXIΓ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,39g, axes: 1h,
mint: Siscia, 6th emission,3rd. off, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 461A, p-200, C-122, Scarce!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_V-II_253F,_Carinus,_AE-Ant_,_IMP_CARINVS_P_F_AVG,_FIDES_MILITVM,_KAE,_Rome,_283-85_AD,_Q-001,_0h,_21,5-22mm,_3,15g-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 253F, Rome, -/-//KAЄ, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #186 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 253F, Rome, -/-//KAЄ, FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, #1
avers: IMP CARINVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with a standard in each hand.
exergue: -/-//KAЄ, diameter: 21,5-22mm, weight:3,15g, axes: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 283-285 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 253F, p-,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Carinus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-P-F-AVG_VOTA-PVBLICA_SMS-XXI-B_RIC-V-I-315F-p-_6th-emiss_Siscia_284-AD_Q-001_0-h_20,5-21,5mm_3,29gx-s.jpg
115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 315F, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIB, VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian,71 views115 Carinus (282-283 A.D. Caesar 283-285 A.D. Augustus), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 315F, Siscia, -/-//SMSXXIB, VOTA PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-CARINVS-PF-AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right (F)
revers:- VOTA-PVBLICA, Carinus and Numerian stg. left and right, holding standards, sacrificing over tripod.
exerg: -/-//SMSXXIB, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,29g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 284 A.D., ref: RIC V-II-315F, p-177,
Q-001
quadrans
William_the_lion_AR_penny.JPG
1169 - 1214, William I “the lion”, AR Penny, Struck 1205 - 1230 at Perth or Edinburgh, Scotland20 viewsObverse: + LE REI WILAM•: Head of William I facing left, wearing crown of pellets, sceptre to left, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend.
Reverse: + hVE WALTER: Voided short cross, six pointed star in each angle, within inner circle of pellets. All surrounded by outer circle of pellets. Cross potent in legend. (No mint name on coin. Moneyers: Hue (cognate with the modern English name of Hugh) and Walter, the Edinburgh and Perth moneyers working jointly)
Short cross, phase B. Late William I and posthumous issue struck c.1205 to c.1230.
William I died in 1214 but it would appear that although Alexander II was 16 years old when he came to the throne he continued his father's issues for some 15 years and struck no coins in his own name until around 1230.
Diameter: 21mm | Weight: 1.3gm | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 5029

William I was not known as "the Lion" during his own lifetime, the title was attached to him because of his flag or standard, a red lion rampant on a yellow background which went on to become the Royal Banner of Scotland which is still used today.

William I was crowned on 24th December 1165, he came to the throne when his elder brother Malcolm IV died at the age of 24 on 9th December 1165.
Early in his reign William attempted to regain control of Northumbria which had been lost, in 1157 during the reign of Malcolm IV, to the Anglo-Normans under Henry II. He thereby lent support to the English barons who rebelled against Henry II in 1173. In 1174 however, while actively assisting the rebels at the Battle of Alnwick, William was captured by Henry's forces and taken to Falaise in Normandy. He was forced, under the terms of the Treaty of Falaise which he signed in December, to do homage for the whole of Scotland and also to hand over the castles of Roxburgh, Berwick and Edinburgh. Edinburgh, however, was later returned to him as part of the dowry of Ermengarde, a cousin of Henry II, whom William married in 1186.
The Treaty of Falaise remained in force for the next fifteen years until the new English King Richard the Lionheart, needing money for the Third Crusade, agreed to terminate it in return for 10,000 marks. William also attempted to purchase Northumbria from Richard, however his offer of 15,000 marks was rejected due to him wanting all the castles within the lands, something Richard was not willing to concede.
Relations between Scotland and England remained tense during the first decade of the 13th century and in August 1209 King John decided to exploit the weakening leadership of the ageing Scottish monarch by marching a large army to Norham on the south side of the River Tweed. William bought John off with the promise of a large sum of money, and later, in 1212, he agreed to his only surviving son Alexander, marrying John's eldest daughter, Joan.
William I died in Stirling in 1214 and lies buried in Arbroath Abbey, which he is credited with founding in 1178. He was succeeded by his son, who reigned as Alexander II.
3 comments*Alex
hadrian_RIC546b.jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE as - struck 118 AD54 viewsobv: IMP.CAES.DIVI.TRA.PARTH.F.DIVI NER.NEP.TRAIANO.HADRIANO.AVG (laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder)
rev: PONT.MAX.TR.POT.COS.II (legionary eagle between two standards), S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 546b (S), C.1182 (5frcs)
mint: Rome
8.68gms, 28mm
Scarce

History: Quintus Marcius Turbo (who was governor of Pannonia [117-118] and later became Hadrian's praetorian prefect) successfully led II Adiutrix against the Sarmatians in 118, this coin probably commemorated the succesfull campaign.
1 commentsberserker
hadrian_quadrans_RIC977(S).jpg
117-138 AD - HADRIAN AE quadrans - struck 134-138 AD43 viewsobv: HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PP (laureate head right)
rev: COS III (legionary eagle between two standards), S-C in field
ref: RIC 977 (S), Cohen 450 (4frcs)
2.12gms, 16mm
Rare

A very decent and affordable example of this very scarce denomination for Hadrian.
berserker
RI_119j_img.jpg
119 - Victorinus - RIC 10923 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding two standards
Minted in Treveri mint.
Reference:– AGK 5b; RIC 109
maridvnvm
1205_-_1216_John_AR_Penny_Dublin.JPG
1199-1216, John, AR Penny, Struck 1207 – 1211 at Dublin, Ireland11 viewsObverse: IOHANNES REX around triangle enclosing a crowned and draped facing bust of King John holding, in his right hand, a sceptre tipped with a cross pommée which extends through the side of the triangle into the legend. Quatrefoil to right of bust.
Reverse: ROBERD ON DIVE around triangle containing sun over crescent moon and a star in each angle. Cross pattée at apex of each point of the triangle and above legend on each of the three sides. Moneyer: Roberd, cognate with the modern English name of Robin.
Third issue “REX” coinage, struck to the same weight and fineness as the English standard.
This was the only coinage struck by King John in his own name.
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 1.2gms | Die Axis: 4
SPINK: 6228

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the first Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.
John, the youngest of the five sons of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was not expected to inherit significant lands which resulted in him being given the nickname John Lackland. However, after the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young and when Richard I became king in 1189, John was the potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's administration whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade but despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England.
King John contracted dysentery at Lynn in 1216 but, just before his death, he managed to dictate a brief will. This will still survives and as part of it John requested: "I will that my body be buried in the church of St. Mary and St. Wulfstan of Worcester".
Some of King John's favourite hunting grounds were in Worcester, at Kinver and Feckenham, and he had a special affection for Saint Wulfstan, one of the two great Anglo-Saxon saints whose shrines and tombs were also at Worcester. Both Saint Wulfstan and Saint Oswald can be seen in miniature beside the head of the effigy of King John on his tomb.
Medieval effigies usually show the subject in the prime of life, however the effigy on King John's tomb is unique in that not only is it a life-like image of him, it is also the oldest royal effigy in England.
King John's tomb has been opened twice, once in 1529 and again in 1797. At the first opening it was said that John's head was covered with a monk's cowl, however it is now thought that this was probably his coronation cap. When the tomb was opened for the second time the antiquarians responsible discovered that a robe of crimson damask had originally covered the king's body but, by 1797, most of the embroidery had deteriorated. They also found the remains of a sword which lay down the left side of the body along with parts of its scabbard.
3 comments*Alex
RI_120g_img.jpg
120 - Tetricus I - Antoninianus - RIC 07114 viewsObv:– IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standards
Minted in mint II 271/272 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 71
maridvnvm
RI_120f_img.jpg
120 - Tetricus I - Antoninianus - RIC 07210 viewsAntoninianus
Obv:– IMP C P ESV TETRICVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– Fides standing left, holding two standards
Minted in mint II 271/272 A.D.
Reference:– RIC 72; Elmer 782; AGK (corr.) 3d;

Scarcer with this longer obverse legend
maridvnvm
Maximianus-Herculeus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-VAL-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG-(_)_IOVI-CONSERVAT-(F)_TXXIT_RIC-V-II-560var-p-284_C-332_Ticinum_290-AD_Q-001_5h_20-23,5mm_3,22ga-s.jpg
120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1132 views120 Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC V-II 560var., AE-Ant., -/-//TXXIT, IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, eagle, #1
avers:- IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- IOVI CONSERVAT, Jupiter standing left, head right, holding thunderbolt and spear, two standards behind, eagle at feet left.
exergo: -/-//TXXIT, diameter: 20-23,5mm, weight: 3,22g, axis: 5h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 290 A.D., ref: RIC-V-II-560var ???, p-284,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Maximianus_Q0x1_h_mm_g-s.jpg
120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing, #172 views120a Maximianus Herculeus (285-286 Caesar, 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A.D. Augustus), Aquileia, RIC VI 076a, AE-Follis, -/-/AQP, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing, #1
avers: IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, Laureate head right.
reverse: FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, Fides standing holding standard in each hand.
exergue: -/-/AQP, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Aquileia, date: 2nd reign, 306-307 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-076a, p-467, C-123,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantius-I_AE-Follis_CONSTANTIVS_NOB_CAES_FELIX_ADVENT_AVGG_NN__H_left,_PKT_RIC_VI_24a_Carthage__298_A_D__Q-001_0h_25-28,5mm_10,38ga-s~0.jpg
121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1152 views121 Constantius I. Chlorus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-306 A.D. Augustus), Carthage, RIC VI 024a, AE-1 Follis, FELIX ADVENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, #1
avers:- CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right.
revers:- FELIX AD VENT AVG G N N, Africa standing right, head left, wearing elephant head headress, standard in right and tusk in left, lion and bull at feet left, H left, PKT in ex.
exerg: H|-//PKT, diameter: 25,0-28,5mm, weight: 10,38g, axes: 0h,
mint: Carthage, date: 298 A.D., ref: RIC VI 024a,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
121i.jpg
121i Constantine I. AE4 1.9gm35 viewsobv: CONSTANTI_NV MAX AVG ros. dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLORI_A EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMAN(delta)
2 commentshill132
121j.jpg
121j Constantine I. AE3/4 2.4gm20 viewsobv: CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG rosetta dia. drp.cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANA
hill132
121r.jpg
121r Constantine I. AE 3/4 1.7gm17 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TINVS PF AVG laur. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers one standard
ex: SMKr
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121s.jpg
121s Constantine I. AE3/4 2.1gm21 viewsobv: CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG ross. dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA ERERC_ITVS two soldiers two standards
ex: SMANr
hill132
121v.jpg
121v Constantine I. AE3/4 15 viewsobv: CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG ros. dia. drp. and cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXER C_ITVS two soldiers. two standards
ex: SMNS
hill132
RI 122f img.jpg
122 - Claudius II Gothicus Ant. - RIC 03629 viewsObv:– IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES EXERCI, Fides standing right holding two standards, one transverse
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 36
maridvnvm
Maximianus_Q0x1-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 060b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1289 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 060b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exergo: AQ P, diameter: 28-30mm, weight: 10,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, 1st.off., date: 305-06 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-60b, p-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Maximianus_AE-Follis_IMP-MAXIMIANVSP-F-AVG_FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN_AQ-P_RIC-VI-61b_2a-C_s_Aquilea_305-06-AD__Q-001_axis-6h_27-30mm_10,15g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 061b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #188 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC VI 061b, AE-Follis, FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- IMP-MAXIMIANVS-P-F-AVG, Helmeted, laureate bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVGG-ET-CAESS-NN, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exergo: AQ P, diameter: 27-30mm, weight: 10,15g, axis: 6h,
mint: Aquilea, 1st.off., date: 305-06 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-61b, p-319,
Q-001
quadrans
Galerius_AE-Follis_IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG_FIDES-M-I-LITVM_dot-in-left-field_PT_RIC-VI-55b-p-288_Ticinum-305-AD_Q-001_axis-11h_26-26,5mm_9,33g-s.jpg
122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 055b, AE-Follis, FIDES MILITVM, Fides seating left, #1292 views122 Galerius Maximianus (293-305 A.D. Caesar, 305-311 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 055b, AE-Follis, FIDES MILITVM, Fides seating left, #1
avers:- IMP-C-MAXIMIANVS-PF-AVG, Laureate head right.
revers:- FIDES-M-I-LITVM, Fides seating left, holding standard in each hand.
exergo: -/•//P T, diameter: 26-26,5mm, weight: 9,33g, axis: 11h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 305 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-55b, p-288,
Q-001
quadrans
122f.jpg
122f Urbs Roma. AE follis 1.8gm22 viewsobv: VRBS ROMA helm. and mantled bust of Roma l.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers two standards
ex: CONSZ
hill132
RI 126a img.jpg
126 - Severina Ant. - RIC 00826 viewsObv:– SEVERINA AVG, Diademed and draped bust right on crescent
Rev:– CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing holding two standards
Minted in Ticinum (QXXT in exe)
Reference:– RIC 8
maridvnvm
126e.jpg
126e Crispus. AE follis 2.7gm24 viewsobv: CRISPVS NOB CAES hi-crested helm. cuir. bust r.
rev: VIRTVS EXCERCIT standard inscribed VOT/XX with captives on eather side
ex: STR
hill132
Severus-II_AE-Follis_IMP-C-SEVERVS-P-F-AVG_CAES_FIDES-MILITVM-AVG-G-ET-CAESS-N-N_AQS_RIC-VI-77b-p-322_Aquilea_306-307-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-0h_26,5-27,5mm_8,58g-s.jpg
127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 077b, AE-1, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQS, Fides standing left, #1106 views127 Severus-II. (305-306 A.D. Caesar, 306-307 A.D. Augustus), Aquilea, RIC-VI 077b, AE-1, FIDES MILITVM AVG G ET CAES S N N, -/-//AQS, Fides standing left, #1
avers:- SEVERVS-NOB-CAES, Laureate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear (or sceptre) over shoulder and shield.
revers:- FIDES-MILITVM-AVG-G-ET-CAES-S-N-N, Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand.
exerg: -/-//AQS, diameter: 26,5-27,5mm, weight: 8,58g, axes: 0h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 306-307 A.D., ref: RIC VI 77b, p-322,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
127a.jpg
127a Delmatius. AE3/4 1.6gm17 viewsobv: FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMK(delta)
hill132
127b.jpg
127b Delmatius. AE 3/4 1.4gm17 viewsobv: FL DELMATIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: BSIS
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129a.jpg
129a Constantine II. AE 3/4 1.9gm13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANS
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129e.jpg
129e Constantine I. AE 3/4 2.9gm23 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMALB
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129f.jpg
129f Constantine II. AE 3/4 15 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMALA
hill132
129g.jpg
129g Constantine II. AE 3/4 14 viewsobv: CONSTANTI_NVS MAX AVG ros. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers,two standards
ex: SMALA
hill132
129h.jpg
129h Constantine II. AE 3/4 13 viewsobv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANS
hill132
Trajan_Legionary_RIC_294~0.jpg
13 Trajan RIC 29542 viewsTrajan 98-117 AD. Ar Denarius. Rome Mint. 112-114 AD. Obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP, Laureate draped bust right. Rev: SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Legionary eagle between standard and vexillum.
BMC 458 ; RIC 295; RSC 577
3 commentsPaddy
14-Gordian-III-RIC-116.jpg
13. Gordian III / RIC 116.24 viewsDenarius, 240 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian.
Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI / Hercules standing, resting right hand on hip and left hand club set on rock; lion-skin beside club.
3.58 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #116; Sear #8684.

The chronology of the denarii coinage of Gordian III has been poorly understood because Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC) has it mixed up in its listings. For example, it will tell you that 5 denarii (Diana, Pietas, Salus, Securitas, and Venus) were issued in the summer of 241 to commemorate the marriage of Gordian and Tranquillina. Recent thinking tells another entirely different story. The following summary is based on a posting by Curtis Clay, November 25, 2011, on the Forum Ancient Coins Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
Although antoniniani were issued for a while under Caracalla and Elagabalus, the denarius was the standard silver denomination throughout the reigns of Severus Alexander, Maximinus Thrax, and into the first part of the joint reign of Balbinus & Pupienus. (This, by the way, is when the PIETAS AVGG denarius of Gordian as Caesar was issued.) Sometime during the short reign of Balbinus & Pupienus, the antoninianus supplanted the denarius as the standard silver denomination. When Gordian III became emperor (July 238), his administration continued to follow the then current practice of issuing only antoniniani.

Early in 240, Gordian apparently decided to revert back to the traditional coinage of the Empire and began to issue only denarii. The denarii issued at this time were the following:

P M TR P III COS P P / Horseman
DIANA LVCIFERA
PIETAS AVGVSTI
SALVS AVGVSTI
SECVRITAS PVBLICA
VENVS VICTRIX

No antoniniani exist with these reverse types.

The next issue of denarii was issued in the summer of 240 after Gordian became COS II, and consists of these types:

P M TR P III COS II P P / Emperor standing
P M TR P III COS II P P / Apollo seated
AETERNITATI AVG
IOVIS STATOR
LAETITIA AVG N
VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Within a short time, however, it was decided to go back to having the antoninianus as the standard silver denomination. Antoniniani were issued again, at first with the same reverse types as the second issue of denarii. That is why these reverse types exist on denarii and antoniniani even though they were not issued at the same time.

So the period the mint issued denarii rather than antoniniani as the standard silver denomination lasted from about March through August, 240. This was the last time denarii were issued for general circulation. The antoninianus lasted until Diocletian’s coinage reform of 295, after which Roman coinage was so vastly different that there was no question of returning to the denarius.

The 13 denarii of Gordian III are presented in this album in this order:
Gordian III as Caesar denarius - 1 coin.
First issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Second issue of denarii - 6 coins.
Callimachus
RI 130ag img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 026 (BA in exe)20 viewsObv:– IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (BA in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 2, in early 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 45. Bastien 56 (3 3examples cited), RIC 26 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 130k img.jpg
130 - Tacitus Antoninianus - RIC 027 (BA in exe)36 viewsObv:– IMP CL TACITVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left with two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (BA in exe.) Emission 3 Officina 2, in early 276 A.D.
References:– Cohen 47. Bastien 57 (41), RIC 27 Bust type C
maridvnvm
130a.jpg
130a Constans. AE 3/4 1.6m23 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANH
1 commentshill132
130j.jpg
130j Constans. AE Centenionalis 35 viewsobv: DN CONSTA_NS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. holding phoenix on globe and standard with CHI RHO in banner, victory steering the galley
ex: A/RT
1 commentshill132
131a.jpg
131a Constantius II. AE 3/4 2.4gm21 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, one standard
ex: SMANr or S
1 commentshill132
131b.jpg
131b Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia.drp. cuir. bust r., A behind
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM emp. in military dress star above, holding standard in each hand with CHI RHO in banner
ex: III//BSIS(crescent)
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131c.jpg
131c Constantius II. AE 3/4 15 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOC C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .(delta)SIS.
hill132
131d.jpg
131d Constantius II. AE 3 2.6gm23 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
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131e.jpg
131e Contantius II. AE Centenionalis 18 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress, holding standard with CHI RHO in banner, two captives at feet
ex: ANA
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131f.jpg
131f Constantius II. AE Centenionalis 24 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO in banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//AN(epsilon)
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131g.jpg
131g Constantius II. AE Centenionalis14 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
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131h.jpg
131h Constantius II. AE Centenionalis18 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with RHI RHO in banner, two captives at feet
ex: *//ALEr
hill132
131i.jpg
131i Constantius II. AE Centenionalis17 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG ros. dia. drp. ust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captive at feet
ex: ALEA
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131j.jpg
131j Constantius II. AE Centenionalis11 viewsobv: DN COSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bustl. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner. two captives at feet
ex: r//CONSH*
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131k.jpg
131k Constantius II. AE Centenionalis19 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner, two captives at feet
ex: CONSA
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131l.jpg
131l Constantius II. AE Centenionalis12 viewsobv: DN CONSTAN_TIVS PF AVG pearl dia. drp. bust l. holding globe
rev: FEL TEMP REPARATIO emp. in military dress holding standard with CHI RHO on banner,two captives at feet
ex: SMK(delta)
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131m.jpg
131m Constantius II. AE 3 2.1gm10 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
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131n.jpg
131n Constantius II. AE3 2.5gm12 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .rSIS.
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131o.jpg
131o Constanius II. AE3 16 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: .(delta)SIS.
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131q.jpg
131q Constantius II. AE3 9 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANZ
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131r.jpg
131r Constantius II. AE3 13 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: SMANTH
hill132
131s.jpg
131s Constantius II. AE314 viewsobv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: GLOR_IA EXERC_ITVS two soldiers, two standards
ex: CONSS
hill132
RI_132d_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 029 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (III)9 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (III in exe) Emission 4, Officina 3. 278 - 279 A.D.
Reference:– Cohen 255. Bastien 192. RIC 29 Bust type F

3.38 gms
21.32mm

Ex Langcroft hoard.
maridvnvm
RI_132ag_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 029 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (III)13 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand
Mint – Lugdunum (III) Emission 4 Officina 3. Mid to End A.D. 277
Reference:– Cohen 255. Bastien 192. RIC 29 Bust Type F

4.14 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132uu__img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 069 var - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (I)12 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMITI PORBI(sic) AVG, Minerva standing left, holding olive-branch and spear and resting left hand on shield
Mint – Lugdunum (I in exe) Emission 7 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 315 (example c). RIC 69 Bust type F var (PORBI in error not listed in RIC)

One of the examples cited by Bastien of 315 - the standard PROBI coin, 315c - Voetter, is also PORBI from the same reverse die. No examples cited in Bastien Suppl. II.

Weight 4,11g. 22.16mm. 0 degrees
maridvnvm
RI_132xk_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 069 var - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (I)35 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– COMITI PORBI(sic) AVG, Minerva standing left, holding olive-branch and spear and resting left hand on shield
Mint – Lugdunum (I in exe) Emission 7 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– Cohen -. Bastien 315 (example c). RIC 69 Bust type F var (PORBI in error not listed in RIC)

One of the examples cited by Bastien of 315 - the standard PROBI coin, 315c - Voetter, is also PORBI from the same reverse die. No examples cited in Bastien Suppl. II.

3.76 gms
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132nl_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 080 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (III)14 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left holding two standards
Minted in Lugdunum (III in exe) Emission 6, Officina 3. A.D. 278-279
Reference:– Cohen 255. Bastien 282. RIC 80 Bust type F

3.15 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132nx_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 080 - Bust Type F (Lugdunum) (IIII)8 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS • P • F • AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust right
Rev:– FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Lugdunum (III) Emission 4 Officina 3. Mid to End 277 A.D.
Reference(s) – Cohen 255. Bastien 281 (18 examples cited). RIC 80 Bust Type F

4.75 gms
maridvnvm
RI_132xj_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 480 - Bust Type H18 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Concordia, draped, standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (E | * / PXXI) Emission 10 Officina 1. A.D. 282
Reference:– RIC 480 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132e img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 481 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (E | * / PXXI)44 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Concordia, draped, standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (E in left field, * in right field, PXXI in exe) Emission 10, Officina 1. A.D. 282
Reference:– RIC 481 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series
maridvnvm
RI 132ew img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 481 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (E | _ / PXXI) 22 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Concordia, draped, standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (E in left field, PXXI in exe) Emission 9, Officina 1. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 481 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series

SOLD
maridvnvm
RI 132sf img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 481 - Bust Type G (Ticinum) (E | _ / PXXI)18 viewsObv:– VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Concordia, draped, standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (E in left field, PXXI in exe) Emission 9, Officina 1. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 481 Bust type G
Part of coded EQVITI series
maridvnvm
RI 132pa img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 532 Bust Type F (Ticinum) (AXXI)21 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– CONCORD MILIT, Concordia, draped, standing left, holding standard in each hand
Minted in Ticinum (AXXI) Emission 6 Officina 1, A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 532 Bust type F
maridvnvm
Licinius-l__IMP-LICINIVS-PF-AVG_SPQR-OPTIMO-PRINCIPI_R-Q_RIC-VI-349c-p-390_Rome_3a-B_312-13-AD_Q-001_axis-5h_21-24mm_3,85g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 349c, -/-//R Q, AE-2 Follis, SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Standard,198 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Rome, RIC VI 349c, -/-//R Q, AE-2 Follis, SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Standard,
avers:- IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Three standards surmounted by hand, eagle and wreath.
exerg: -/-//R Q, diameter: 21-24mm, weight: 3,85g, axes: 5h,
mint:Rome , date: 312-313A.D., ref: RIC-VI-349c, p-390,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX__-SIS-star_RIC-VII-110-p-438-r4-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-1h_20mm_3,27g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #178 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #1
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//εSIS*, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,27g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, R4!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX__-SIS-star_RIC-VII-110-p-438-r4-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-002_axis-1h_20mm_3,17g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #289 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 110, S/F//εSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!, #2
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//εSIS*, diameter: 20mm, weight: 3,17g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-110, p-438, R4!!!,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Licinius-l__AE-3-silvered_IMP-LI-CINIVS-AVG_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F-over-HL_VOT-XX_B-SIS-star-on_crescent_RIC-VII-129-p-440-r1-2-D2_320-AD-Siscia_Q-001_axis-1h_19mm_3,26g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!81 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 129, S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R1!
avers:- IMP LI CINIVS AVG, 2, D2, Helmeted and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F over HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//BSIS star on crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,26g, axis: 1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-129, p-440, R1!,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
784P_Hadrian_RPC1322.jpg
1322 Hadrian, Cistophorus MYSIA Pergamum mint Legionary eagle between standards25 viewsReference.
RPC III, 1322; Metcalf 1; RIC II 517

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P
Bare head, draped bust right

Rev. COS III
Legionary eagle between standards with Vexillum

10.21 gr
28 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
Licinius-II__AE-Follis-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-X_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-114-p438-4th_-off_-R3_C-x_Siscia_320-AD__Q-001_19-20mm_2_34g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!77 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 114, S/F//ΔSIS*, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/X, R3!!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//ΔSIS*, diameter:19-20mm, weight:2,34g, axis:1h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-114, p-438, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II_AE-Follis_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-I1-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F-HL_VOT-X_Delta-SIS-star-in-crescent_RIC-VII-132-p440-4th-off-R1_Siscia_320-AD_Q-001_axis-0h_19mm_2,22g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 132, S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, S-F/HL, VOT/X, R1!210 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 132, S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, S-F/HL, VOT/X, R1!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6, I1-l (?), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F/HL left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F/HL//ΔSIS * in crescent, diameter: 19mm, weight: 2,22g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-132, p-440, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-Follis_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-C-(6-I1-l_)_VIRTVS-EXERCIT_Iota-Chi_VOT-XX_Delta-SIS-star_RIC-139-p441-4th_-off_-R5_Siscia_320-AD_Q-001_0h_18,5-20mm_2,55gb-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!90 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 139, Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Two captives, Standard, R5!!!
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, (6, I1-l), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe in right hand, mappa in left hand.
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on left side, "Iota-Chi" in left fields.
exergo: Iota-Chi/-//ΔSIS* in crescent, diameter: 18,5-20mm, weight: 2,55g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 139, p-441, R5!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-II__AE-3-Sivered_LICINIVS-IVN-NOB-CAES-6-B4-l__VIRTVS-EXERCIT_S-F_VOT-XX_dot-TS-dot-A-dot_RIC-79-p508-1th_-off_-R2_Thessalonica_320-AD__Q-001_axis-0h_18mm_3_19g-s.jpg
133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,84 views133 Licinius II. (317-324 A.D.), Thessalonica, RIC VII 079, S/F//•TS•A•, AE-3 Follis, VIRTVS EXERCIT, S-F, VOT/XX, R2!!,
avers:- LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, 6a, B4, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, .
revers:- VIRTVS EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, S and F left and right side in fields.
exergo: S/F//•TS•A•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 0h,
mint: Thessalonica, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC VII 79, p-509, R2!!,
Q-001
quadrans
135.jpg
135 Vetranio. AE Centenionalis16 viewsobv: DN VETRA_NIO PF AVG laur. drp. cuir. bust r.
rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM emp. in military dress, star above. standard with CHI RHO in each hand
ex: A/.BSIS.
hill132
136_Constantinus_I__Nicomedia_RIC_VII_188D,_AE-Follis,_CONSTANTI_NVS_MAX_AVG,_GLOR_IA_EXERC_ITVS,_SMND,_330-35_AD,_Q-001,_11h,_17,5m,_2,48gx-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 188Δ, AE-Follis, -/-//SMNΔ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, #170 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Nicomedia, RIC VII 188Δ, AE-Follis, -/-//SMNΔ, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, #1
avers: CONSTANTI NVS MAX AVG, Laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers helmeted, standing facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground, between the two standards.
exergue: -/-//SMNΔ, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,48g, axis: 11h,
mint: Nicomedia, date: 330-335 A.D., ref: RIC VII 188Δ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
GI 137a img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 466722 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Fortuna/ Tyche crowned with modius, wearing long chiton and peplios, standing left resting right hand on rudder and holding cornucopiae in left hand.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper left field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1927, BMC 2448, Milne 4667
maridvnvm
GI 137b img.jpg
137 - Carinus, Billon tetradrachm, Alexandria, Eagle with standards, Milne 467916 viewsBillon tetradrachm
Obv:– A K M A KAPINOC K, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– None, Eagle standing left between vexilla, wings open, head turned back, wreath in beak.
Minted in Alexandria (LA in upper field). A.D. 283
Reference:– Curtis 1913, BMC 2449, Milne 4679
maridvnvm
Urbs-Roma_AE-9,5_monogram_RIC-958cf-X_Q-001_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-s.jpg
137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 156, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,142 views137 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Heraclea, RIC VII 156, URBS ROMA, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers: - URBS-ROMA, helmeted, wearing imperial cloak,
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: SMHB, diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Heraclea, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 156, p-561, R3!!!,
Q-001
quadrans
ROBERT_II_AR_Groat_of_Perth.JPG
1371 – 1390, Robert II, AR Groat minted at Perth, Scotland4 viewsObverse: + ROBERTVS DEI GRA REX SCOTORVM. Crowned bust of Robert II facing left, sceptre topped with a lis and with a star at its base before, within double tressure of six arches broken at the king's neck, small trefoils in spandrels, surrounded by beaded inner circle. Mintmark, cross pattée in legend and small crosses in spaces between words. The whole within beaded outer circle.
Reverse: + DnS PTECTOR MS ┼ LIBATOR MS (God is my protector and redeemer) / VILLA DE PERTh X. Long cross pattée dividing two concentric legends separated by two beaded circles into quarters, pierced mullet in each quarter of inner circle. Mintmark, cross pattées in both inner and outer legends, but cross set as saltire in inner legend, small cross over crescent after DnS in outer legend. The whole within beaded outer circle.
Diameter: 30mm | Weight: 3.87gms | Die Axis: 12
SPINK: 5136 | SCBI: 35, 460-72

Robert II's coinage was maintained at the same standard and in the same general style as that of David’s last issue, but coins were struck at Perth and Dundee in addition to those of the Edinburgh mint.

Robert II was the first Scottish king of the Stewart line, he was the son of Walter, the sixth hereditary High Steward of Scotland, and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce. Robert II acted as regent during part of the period of imprisonment in England of David II and was himself imprisoned in England when Edward III was declared to be David’s successor. The Scots never accepted this arrangement and, after several years of secret negotiations between David II and Edward III, in 1370 Robert was released. He peacefully succeeded to the throne on David II's death the following year.
Robert II succeeded to the throne at the age of 54 and was viewed by many in his kingdom as past his best. In November 1384 he was effectively deposed by his eldest son John, Earl of Carrick. John, however, was seriously injured after being kicked by a horse, and Robert II's second son, Robert, Earl of Fife, later the Duke of Albany, was appointed as Guardian of Scotland instead. Robert II died at Dundonald Castle on 19 April 1390, and was buried at Scone. He was succeeded by his son John, who confusingly took the name Robert III, probably because in Scotland "John" was a name too closely associated with John Balliol, the erstwhile protégé of Edward I.
*Alex
Constantinopoliton_AE-9,5_RIC-xxx-X_Q-001_axis-0h_9,5mm_0,99g-y-s.jpg
138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, RIC VII 144, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,156 views138 Commemorative, (336-337 A.D.), AE-4, Constantinopolis, RIC VII 144, Constantinopolis, GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers, with one standard, R3!!!,
avers:- CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, Helmeted and mantled bust of Constantinopolis left, holding reversed spear over shoulder.
revers:- GLOR-IA-EXERC-ITVS, Two soldiers holding spears and shields with one standard between them.
exerg: CONSA Z(?), diameter: 9,5mm, weight: 0,99g, axes: 0h,
mint: Constantinopolis, date: 336-337 A.D., ref: RIC VII 144, p-589, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
Denario_Neron_RIC_68_1.jpg
14 - 15 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)80 viewsAR Denario 18,6 mm 3,32 g.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: ANEPÍGRAFA - Águila legionaria entre dos estandartes.

Esta emisión se realiza para conmemorar una invasión planeada del Cáucaso que se anticipó por la muerte de Neron. Para encabezar la invasión, Neron creó una nueva legión, "La Legión de Alejandro el Grande", estaba compuesta de reclutas italianos que midieran más de 1,80 mts. de alto.

Acuńada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #68 pag.154 - Cohen I #356 - BMCRE I #107 - CBN #238 - DVN #4 Pag.84 - RSC II #356
1 commentsmdelvalle
RIC_68_Denario_Neron.jpg
14-05 - NERON (54 - 68 D.C.)23 viewsAR Denario 18,6 mm 3,32 g.

Anv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P - Cabeza laureada a derecha.
Rev: ANEPÍGRAFA - Águila legionaria entre dos estandartes.

Esta emisión se realiza para conmemorar una invasión planeada del Cáucaso que se anticipó por la muerte de Neron. Para encabezar la invasión, Neron creó una nueva legión, "La Legión de Alejandro el Grande", estaba compuesta de reclutas italianos que midieran más de 1,80 mts. de alto.

Acuńada: 67 - 68 D.C.
Ceca: Roma
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC I #68 pag.154 - Cohen I #356 Pag.303 - BMCRE I #107 - CBN #238 - DVN #4 Pag.84 - RSC II #356 Pag.16 - Sear RCTV I #1947 Pag.384
mdelvalle
Const1GlrEx.jpg
1403b, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.37 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D., Bronze AE 3, RIC 137, VF, Constantinople mint, 1.476g, 16.4mm, 180o, 336 - 337 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking standard, CONS[ ] in exergue. Ex FORVM.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
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1403d, Constantine I (the Great), early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. (Cyzicus)37 viewsConstantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 199, gVF, corrosion, Cyzicus, 1.402g, 16.2mm, 0o, 336 - 337 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS•, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking standard, SMKA in exergue.

The Emperor Constantine I was effectively the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 A.D.; his reign was perhaps one of the most crucial of all the emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. By beginning the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of his realm, he set the religious course for the future of Europe which remains in place to this very day. Because he replaced Rome with Constantinople as the center of imperial power, he made it clear that the city of Rome was no longer the center of power and he also set the stage for the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of monarchy, largely spelled out in some of the works of Eusebius of Caesarea, became the foundation for the concept of the divine right of kings which prevailed in Europe.

Constantine was not a "Christian convert" in any traditional sense. He was not baptized until close to death, and while that was not an uncommon practice, the mention of Christ in his speeches and decrees is conspicuous by its absence. Eusebius, Church historian and Constantine biographer, is responsible for much of the valorization of Constantine as the Christian Emperor. The somnambulant "sign" in which Constantine was to become victor at the Milvian Bridge is, not so surprisingly, revealed to posterity long after the "fact." Throughout his reign, Constantine continues to portray himself on coins as a sun god (Freeman, Charles. Egypt, Greece and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean; Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 582). Above all, Constantine was a pragmatist. It would be cynical to egregiously disavow his commitment to Christianity, but it would be equally wrong to think that he would allow Christianity to meddle in the governance of his empire. As he reputedly told a group of bishops, "You are bishops of those within the church, but I am perhaps a bishop appointed by God of those outside." Whatever the motives for his decision to support Christianity, Christianity benefitted from the arrangement. So, too, did Constantine. It was a match made in heaven.
J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

For perhaps the best Constantine The Great site on the web, see Victor Clark's Constantine The Great Coins: http://www.constantinethegreatcoins.com/
Cleisthenes
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1406a, Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. (Antioch)28 viewsConstantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC 87, gVF, Antioch, 2.17g, 17.6mm, 0o, 330-335 A.D. Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers, each holding spear and shield on ground, flanking two standards, SMANE in exergue.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
Cleisthenes
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1406c, Constantine II, 337-340 A.D.36 viewsConstantine II, 317-340. AE3, RIC VII, 74 ('theta' = r), page 581 2.22 grams, 333-335 AD, Constantinople mint, VF. Obverse : CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards. CONS (theta) (dot) in exergue. Rare.

Constantine II (February 317 - 340) was Roman Emperor (337 - 340). The eldest son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, he was born at Arles. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II became Emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans. His section of the Empire was Gaul, Britain and Spain. At first, he was the guardian of his younger brother Constans, whose portion was Italy, Africa and Illyria. As Constans came of age, Constantine would not relinquish the guardianship, and in 340 he marched against Constans in Italy, but was defeated at Aquileia and died in battle. Constans came to control Constantine II's portion of the empire.
Cleisthenes
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1407a, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Antioch)51 viewsAE4, 337-361 A.D. Antioch, aVF/VF,Obv:– DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Pearl and rosette diadem, head right/R: Wreath with VOT XX MVLT XXX, SMANB in exe.RIC VIII Antioch 113,Item ref: RI170b.

AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. R: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards Exe: SMHB.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.

By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

1 commentsCleisthenes
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1407h, Constantius II, 337-361 A.D. (Heraclea)32 viewsConstantius II 337-361 A.D. AE3, 2.80 grams, 330-333, Heraclea, aVF. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C - Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed; Reverse: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS - Two soldiers looking in at each other and both holding a spear; between them, two standards; SMHB in exergue.

Constantius II was born in Illyricum in August AD 317, the son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, and was proclaimed Caesar in AD 323.

In AD 337, at the death of his father Constantine, he acceded to the throne together with his two brothers Constantine II and Constans. But this accession by the three brothers was tainted by the murder of their cousins Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, whom Constantine had also intended as joint heirs. These murders are believed to have been masterminded by Constantius II.

Eventually, Constantius II was left as the sole emperor of the Roman empire. Constantius elevated his cousin, Julian, to the rank of Caesar (junior emperor) and gave him his sister Helena in marriage. Julian was assigned the task of dealing with the Frankish leader, Silvanus, who had proclaimed himself emepror at Colonia Agrippina. Julian's success led his men to declare him Augustus. Julian, while reluctant to take the throne, accepted.

Constantius II, therefore, left the Mesopotamian frontier and marched his troops west, seeking to deal with the usurper. As he reached Cilicia in the winter of AD 361, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died at Mopsucrene. Julian, the Apostate, succeded him as Emperor.

Our chief source for Constantius' reign is the great historian Ammianus Marcellinus. He presents a mixed view of that emperor. In some ways a sound administrator and competent general, Constantius is also portrayed as easily influenced by those around him such as his wives, courtiers and the eunuchs of the court (Ammianus 21. 16. 16). Ammianus (21.16.18) also attacks Constantius' great interest in Church affairs--alleging that he bankrupted the courier service with calls for Church councils. Of course, imperial interest in Church affairs was a major policy of his father Constantine and it may be that Constantius was trying to emulate his model (if only with mixed success). Indeed, Constantius II (like his brothers Constantine II and Constans) was raised a Christian. Among his many laws is the famous CTh 16.10.2 of 341 which either prohibited or re-issued his father's prohibition of pagan sacrifices. Sympathetic to Arianism, he spent a great deal of his reign calling Church councils. One of the longest-reigned emperors in Roman history, Constantius is hard for the modern historian to fully understand both due to his own actions and due to the interests of the authors of primary sources for his reign.
By Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University & Robert Frakes, Clarion University
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
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1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1109 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #1
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #290 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Aquilea, RIC VII 041, AE-3 Follis, S/F/AQT, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Scarce!, #2
avers:- CRISPVS-NOB-CAES (5,B5), Laureate, couirassed bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ AQT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Aquilea, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-41, -p-,
Q-002
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!112 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Lugdunum, RIC VII 116, AE-3 Follis, C/R//PLG, VIRTVS EXERCIT, VOT/XX, C-R, R1!
avers:- DN-CRISPO-NOB-CAES, 5a, B1, Laureate bust right.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive sit in ground on either side, C and R left and right side in fields.
exergo: C/R//PLG, diameter: 19-20mm, weight: 2,84g, axis: 1h,
mint: Lugdunum, date: 321 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-116, p-130, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia ??? Unofficial !!!, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ SIS•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Rare!97 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia ??? Unofficial !!!, RIC VII ???, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ SIS•, VIRTVS EXERCIT, Rare!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ SIS•, diameter: 18mm, weight: 2,35g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia ???, -off, date: 320 ??? A.D., ref: RIC-VII-Unofficial!!!, -p-,
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ΓSIS, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!116 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/ΓSIS, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R4!!!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/ΓSIS, diameter: 19mm, weight: 3,24g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p438,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!125 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 113, AE-3 Follis, S/F/BSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IV-L-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F/BSIS*, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 2nd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-113-p-438,
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 123, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!129 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 123, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R3!!!
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΔSIS*, diameter: 20,5mm, weight: 3,˝7g, axes: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 4th-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-123-p439, R3!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #1102 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #1
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130-p-440, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #2170 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #2
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: 17,4-18,7mm, weight: 2,56g, axes: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130-p-440, R1!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130v, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #3104 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 130v, AE-3 Follis, S/F over HL/ΓSIS*increscent, R1! #3
avers:- IVL-CRIS-PVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/X, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: S/F over HL/ΓSIS*in crescent, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Siscia, 3rd-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-130v(IV-L..)-p-440, R1!
Q-001
quadrans
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142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 117, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TT, VOT/XX, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R2!!91 views142 Crispus (317-326 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 117, AE-3 Follis, -/-//TT, VOT/XX, VIRTVS EXERCIT, R2!!
avers:- CR-ISPVS-NOB-CAESS (5,G8.l.), Laureate, couirassed bust left with spear pointing forward, shield on arm.
revers:- VIRTVS-EXERCIT, Standard inscribed VOT/XX, captive seated on ground on either side.
exerg: -/-//TT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, 3rd.-off, date: 320 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-117-p-377, R2!!!
Q-001
quadrans
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143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R3!!!,95 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ΓSIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R3!!!,
avers: F L DEMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with two standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//•ΓSIS•, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 2,38g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 239, p-456, R3!!!
Q-001
quadrans
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143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ASIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R4!!!,104 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 239, AE-4, -/-//•ASIS•, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers with two standards, R4!!!,
avers: F L DEMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with two standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//•ASIS•, (or • Δ SIS •)? diameter: 17mm, weight: 2,18g, axis: 7h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 239, p-456, R4!!! (or, R5?)
Q-001
quadrans
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143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #1107 views143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia, RIC VII 256B, AE-4, -/-//BSIS, GLORIA EXERCITVS, Two soldiers, one standard, R1! #1
avers: FL DELMATIVS NOB C, 10,B4, Laureate draped bust right.
reverse: GLOR IA EXERC ITVS, Two soldiers bearing with spears and shields with one standards between them with O on banner.
exergue: -/-//BSIS, diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 1,48g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, date: 334-335 AD., ref: RIC VII 256B, p-458, R1!,
Q-001
quadrans
143_Delmatius,_Siscia,_RIC_VII_256B,_AE-4,_FL_DELMATIVS_NOB_C,_GLOR_IA_EXERC_ITVS,_BSIS,_335-6AD,_Q-001,_6h,_16mm,_1,35g-s.jpg
143 Delmatius (335-337 A.D.), Siscia,