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Search results - "Soli"
Elagabalus 218-222 A.D. Denarius RSC246 RIC131.JPG
64 viewsOBV: IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
REV: SACRED.DEI SOLIS ELAGAB
Elagabalus standing right sacrificing out of patera over lighted alter and holding club or rod upright; in field,star.
1 commentsnigel nicholson
CRISPUS-1.jpg
46 viewsCrispus - AE3 - 318 AD - Londinium mint
Obv. CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Rev.: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left with orb and raising right hand, crescent to left, PLN in ex.
Gs. 3,9 mm. 19,1
Cohen 136, RIC 144
1 commentsMaxentius
POLEN_KRAKAU_Schilling_1666_Johann_Kasimir_Büste_Reiter.jpg
14 viewsPolen

Johann Kasimir (1649-1668)

1666 (?)

Schilling (Kupfer)

Münzstätte: Krakau (?)

Vs: Büste nach rechts. Umschrift: "IOAN CAS REX"

Rs: Reiter nach rechts. Umschrift: "SOLI..... 1666"

Gewicht: 1,0g

Durchmesser: 14 mm

Erhaltung: schön _299
Antonivs Protti
Constantine_Sol.jpg
72 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

SOLI INV-IC-TO COMITI
Sol standing left, raising right hand, holding globe in left; Star to left; PLN in exergue.

3.61g

London Mint, 312-313 AD
RIC 282.

Ex-Calgary Coin
2 commentsJay GT4
Constantine_2.jpg
18 viewsObv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Rev: SOLI INCICTO COMITI
Sol Standing right, holding globe - PF in field
Tacitus
Elagabalus_RIC_131.jpg
29 Elagabalus16 viewsELAGABALUS
AR Denarius. 221-222 AD

IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, horned, draped bust right right / SACERD DEI SOLIS ELAGAB, Elagabalus sacrificing right over lighted altar, star in left or right field.

RSC 246, RIC 131, Sear 7542
Sosius
rjb_2010_08_02.jpg
45bis25 viewsAllectus 293-6
Antoninianus
IMP C ALLECTVS PF AVG
Radiate & cuirassed bust right
SOLI I[NV]ICTO
Sol standing left, hand raised and holding globe, between two captives
London mint
-/-//ML
RIC - ; Burnett -; Hunter - ; ANS -
mauseus
Probus_RIC_V_Siscia_767.jpg
6 Probus35 viewsPROBUS
AE Antoninianus, Siscia Mint
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped scepter / SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, holding whip, right hand raised, XXIV below
RIC V-2 Siscia 767; F/VF, encrustations.
Sosius
Probus_Unident_Ant.jpg
6 Probus22 viewsPROBUS
Antoninianus, Cyzicus Mint
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre / SOLI INVICTO, Sol driving spread quadriga, CM below, XXIS in ex.
RIC V-2 Cyzicus 911
Sosius
Probus_Ant_RIC_911_gallery.jpg
6 Probus56 viewsProbus.
276-282 AD
Æ antoninianus (21.9 mm, 3.84 g, 6 h), Cyzicus Mint, 281 AD
IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped scepter / SOLI INVICTO, Sol driving facing quadriga, head left, holding whip and raising hand; CM//XXIQ in exergue. RIC 911. gVF.
Ex Agora Auctions
2 commentsSosius
Constantine_RIC_131a.jpg
65 Constantine I25 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Ticinum Mint, 312/3 AD

O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r.

R: SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol st. r., looking left holding globe, P star T in ex.

RIC VI Ticinum 131a(var.)
Note: Mintmark of P star T is not recorded in RIC. RIC lists as PT.

Former cufflink coin

EF
Sosius
Constantine_RIC_105.jpg
65 Constantine I26 viewsCONSTANTINE I
AE Follis, Trier Mint, 316 AD

O: CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust r.

R: SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol st. l.., holding globe above hip level, T to l., F to r., BTR in ex.

RIC VII Trier 105

Former cufflink coin

aEF, with marks from mounting
Sosius
Gallienus_RIC_283_-_Pegasus.jpg
7 Gallienus20 viewsGALLIENUS
AE Antoninianus, Rome Mint

O: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate bust r.

R: SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right

RIC V-1, Rome 283 (S)
Sosius
rjb_gal30_09_06.jpg
71227 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
SOLI CONS AVG
G 712
mauseus
rjb_gall3_09_06.jpg
74918 viewsAntoninianus
Rome
Issue 10
SOLI CONS AVG
G 749
mauseus
Zeno_Solidus.jpg
98 Zeno Solidus23 viewsZeno, First Reign
AV Solidus. Constantinople Mint

D N ZENO-PERP AVG, facing helmeted and cuirassed bust, holding shield, spear behind / VICTORI-A AVGGG and officina letter, Victory standing left, holding long cross, star in right field, CONOB in exergue.

RIC 910. Sear (2014) 21514. Broad flan. Holed, but otherwise VF.

Thanks to FORVM member Rick2 for his help identifying this coin!
Sosius
Celtic.jpg
Celtic Coinage30 viewsContinental Celts & Tribes of Britannia
Gaul: Northwest Gaul: Aulerci Eburovices, Carnutes, Coriosolites, Redones, Senones, Veneti. Northeast Gaul: Ambiani, Remi, Suessiones (Cricironus), Treveri.
Central Gaul: Aediu, Arverni. Sequani (Turonos & Cantorix). Southern Gaul: Massalia (Marseilles), Tolostates, Volcae-Arecomici. Uncertain: Volcae Tectosages, Leuci, Senones.
Britain: Atrebates & Regni (Verica), Cantii (Amminus), CantuvellauniCorieltauvi (Volisios Dumnocoveros), Cunobelin, Dobunni, Durotriges, Epaticcus, Iceni, Trinovantes, Cantuvellauni & Trinovantes (Addedomaros, Caratacus).
Lower Danube: Geto-Dacians. Middle Danube: Hercuniates. Central Europe: Boii. Danubian Celts are also referred to as being from the Carpathian Region, in which there were various tribes, many unknown.
1 commentsChristian T
consol1.jpg
Constantine I, RIC VII 57 Rome16 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised.
19.5 mm., 3.0 g. Mintmark: R S Rome
NORMAN K
constantine19.jpg
Constantine, AE Follis, RIC VII 19 Rome, 303-337 CE.17 views
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding globe and raising right hand.
R-F across fields.
Mintmark R star S.

RIC VII Rome 19.
NORMAN K
ga283bo.jpg
Gallienus VI 283 Rome 253-268 CE33 viewsGallienus, AE Antoninianus. Rome mint, sole reign.
Obverse - GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right.
Reverse – SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus springing right, heavenward.
Mintmark A. 20.47 mm., 3.7 g. Cohen 979, Sear 10362
Cohen 979 comment: one of Gallienus last issue. Gallienus was assassinated near Mila while attempting to deal with the userper Aureolus. This coin was a talisman called fo the protection of Gallienus and Rome.
*Some believe the horse to be one of Sol's chariot horesus and the reverse inscription indicates this is probably the case.
1 commentsNORMAN K
constantine i follis (3).jpg
191 viewsROME. Constantine I. AD 307/310-337
Æ Follis (18mm, 3.46 g, 11 h)
Treveri (Trier) mint, 1st officina. Struck spring AD 317.
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left, extending arm and holding globe; T-F//BTR
RIC VII 97
1 commentsArdatirion
probus_quad_res.jpg
(0276) PROBUS18 views276 - 282 AD
struck 281 AD (6th Emission, Officina 3)
AE 20.5 mm 3.36 g
O: PROBVS PF AVG radiate bust left h olding eagle-tipped scepter
R: SOLI INVICTO Sol in quadriga left, right hand raised, globe and whip in left hand; R Thunderbolt G in exe.
Rome mint; RIC 203
laney
licinius_sol_res.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS29 views308 - 324 AD
Struck 315 - 316 AD
AE Follis 19.5 mm, 3.16 g
O: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG - Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: SOLI INVICTO COMITI - Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, with raised right hand and holding globe in left; R in left field, F in right field
Rome mint
laney
LICINIUS_I_SOLI.jpg
(0308) LICINIUS I27 views308 - 324 AD
AE 18.5 mm 3.39 g
O: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laur cuir bust right
R: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing head left, resting left arm on column., holding globe, right hand up, R/X - F on either side

1 commentslaney
rjb_lon5_05_06.jpg
(VI)121a43 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
T/F//PLN
RIC (VI) 121a
mauseus
rjb_con1_10_08.jpg
(VI)12429 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
T/F//PLN
RIC (VI) 124
mauseus
rjb_lon6_05_06.jpg
(VI)23426 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
-/star//PLN
RIC (VI) 234
mauseus
rjb_con2_10_08.jpg
(VI)28017 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
star/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 280
mauseus
rjb_08_09_b.jpg
(VI)28113 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
star/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 281
mauseus
rjb_2009_08_04.jpg
(VI)28113 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
star/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 281
mauseus
rjb_lon2_07_09.jpg
(VI)28224 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
star/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 282
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_04.jpg
(VI)28211 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
star/-//PLN
RIC (VI) 282
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_05.jpg
(VII) 88 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 8
mauseus
rjb_lon_08_07.jpg
(VII) 1016 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 10
mauseus
rjb_lon4_07_09.jpg
(VII) 1014 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 10; Toone 15
mauseus
rjb_08_09_c.jpg
(VII) 1010 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 10
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_09.jpg
(VII) 1011 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 10
mauseus
rjb_lon5_07_09.jpg
(VII) 159 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 15; Toone 21
mauseus
rjb_2010_02_03.jpg
(VII) 1817 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 18
mauseus
rjb_2009_08_05.jpg
(VII) 2728 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//MLL
RIC (VII) 27
mauseus
rjb_con3_10_08.jpg
(VII) 3217 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//MSL
RIC (VII) 32
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_10.jpg
(VII) 3312 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//MSL
RIC (VII) 33
mauseus
rjb_lon8_05_06.jpg
(VII) 4614 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/F//MLN
RIC (VII) 46
mauseus
rjb_08_09_d.jpg
(VII) 6010 viewsLicinius I
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/P//MLN
RIC (VII) 60
mauseus
rjb_con_lon_04_06.jpg
(VII) 7012 viewsConstantine I
IMP CONSTANTINVS AG (sic)
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/P//MSL
RIC (VII) 70
mauseus
rjb_08_09_e.jpg
(VII) 7611 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/P//MSL
RIC (VII) 76
mauseus
rjb_2009_08_41.jpg
(VII) 9211 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
T/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 92
mauseus
rjb_lon_vii93_08_06.jpg
(VII) 9311 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
T/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 93
mauseus
rjb_2010_01_02~0.jpg
(VII) 9710 viewsLicinius I
IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
T/F//PLN
RIC (VII) 97
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_06.jpg
(VII)1118 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS P AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/P//PLN
RIC (VII) 111
mauseus
rjb_lond2_07_08.jpg
(VII)11719 viewsConstantine II
FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from back
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
S/P//PLN
RIC (VII) 117
mauseus
rjb_con_norm85_05_06.jpg
(VII)137cf40 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
crescent/-//PLN
RIC (VII) - (cf 137-41)
2 commentsmauseus
rjb_lon3_07_09.jpg
(VII)13813 viewsConstantine I
CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
crescent/-//PLN
RIC (VII) 138
mauseus
rjb_2009_10_07.jpg
(VII)14310 viewsConstantine II
CONSTANTINVS IVN N C
Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right viewed from back
SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left
crescent/-//PLN
RIC (VII) 143
mauseus
2CrXTmC384gPtZ9JYce56FzdZ8pRzK.jpg
002d. Julia and Livia, Pergamon, Mysia43 viewsBronze AE 18, RPC I 2359, SNG Cop 467, aF, weight 3.903 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia right; reverse IOYΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia right; ex Forum, ex Malter Galleries

Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia.

Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius.

During her marriages to Agrippa and Tiberius Julia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage null and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
ecoli
coin287.JPG
011. Titus 79-81 AD28 viewsTitus. 79-81 AD.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. [[17]] It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well.

AR Denarius (3.44 gm). Laureate head right/Radiate figure on rostral column. RIC II 16a; BMCRE 29; RSC 289. Fine. Scarce and interesting reverse type. Ex-CNG
ecoli
0196.jpg
0196 - Nummus Constantine I 313-4 AC34 viewsObv/ IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing l., extending r. arm and holding globe with l.h.; S F in field; PLN in ex.

AE, 21 mm, 3.93 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VII/10 [C3].
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 313, lot 365.
dafnis
0198.jpg
0198 - Nummus Constantine I 312-3 AC33 viewsObv/ IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing l., extending r. arm and holding globe with l.h.; star in field; PLN in ex.

AE, 21 mm, 3.44 g.
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/282 [C].
ex-Naville Numismatics, auction e11, lot 284.
dafnis
Antíoco I, Soter.jpg
02-02 - Antioco I Soter (281 - 261 A.C.)43 viewsDespués de la muerte de Alejandro Magno, sus generales se repartieron el imperio, siendo protagonistas durante veinte años de grandes luchas y peleas por obtener el poder. Fueron los llamados diádocos, (διάδοχοι) o sucesores. La lucha entre ellos para obtener el poder y la hegemonía duró casi cincuenta años, hasta el 281 adC en que murió el último de los diádocos, Seleuco I Nikátor. Después de estos antiguos generales gobernaron los llamados epígonos (επίγονοι), que significa los nacidos después.
Antíoco I Sóter (que quiere decir 'salvador') (324 adC-261 adC) era hijo del fundador de la dinastía Seléucida, Seleuco I Nicátor y de Apame, princesa sogdiana y nieta de Espitamenes. Se casó con su madrastra, Estratónice. Era uno de estos epígonos a que se refiere la Historia. Se le conoce sobre todo por su triunfo frente a los gálatas en Asia Menor (pueblo galo procedente de Europa que se asentó aquí en el siglo III adC), cuya invasión supo detener a tiempo. Los gálatas venían de una expedición contra los griegos y habían sido vencidos por ellos. Pero al amparo de esta invasión frustrada se fueron formando pequeños Estados independientes que se irán consolidando durante los reinados de los reyes sucesores de Antíoco. Fue enemigo de otro de los epígonos, Ptolomeo II de Egipto y en las luchas que mantuvo contra él Antíoco perdió grandes extensiones de terreno además de que el rey egipcio consiguiera también la hegemonía sobre el mar Mediterráneo. Murió en combate durante la guerra que mantuvo contra Eumenes I, gobernador del reino de Pérgamo en Asia Menor. A Antíoco I le sucedió su hijo Antíoco II Teos (el dios).(Wikipedia)
AE 17 mm 5.8 gr.

Anv: Busto con diadema viendo a derecha.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY" - Zeus de pié de frente viendo a izquierda sosteniendo estrella ? en mano derecha extendida y cetro en izquierda.

Ceca: Antioquía en Orontes
Referencias:
mdelvalle
0209_RICII_1_115.jpg
0209 - Denarius Titus 80 AC40 viewsObv/ IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate bust of T. r.
Rev/ TR P XI IMP XV COS VIII PP, elephant with cuirass l.

Ag, 18.2 mm, 2.90 g
Mint: Roma
RIC II.I/115 [C2] – BMCRE II/43
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction e7, lot 227
3 commentsdafnis
0210_RICIV_1_207.jpg
0210 - Denarius Septimius Severus 207 AC26 viewsObv/ SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head of S.Severus r.
Rev/ PM TR P XV COS III PP, Africa standing r. with elephant skin, holding tunica with l.h.; lion advancing r. at her feet.

Ag, 19.1 mm, 2.82 g
Mint: Roma
RIC IV.I/207 – BMCRE V/531
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction e7, lot 264
1 commentsdafnis
0234_SIC_Agat_CNS_II_142.jpg
0234 - AE Hexas Agathocles 317-289 BC4 viewsObv/ Head of Artemis l., wearing earring and necklace, quiver behind shoulder; before, ΣΩTEIΡA
Rev/ Winged thunderbolt, AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ above, BAΣIΛEOΣ below.

AE, 22.0 mm, 9.12 g
Mint: Siracuse.
CNS II/142
ex-Solidus Numismatik, auction 38, lot 41
dafnis
LarryW1924.jpg
0345 Justin II, 565-57877 viewsAV solidus, 20.8mm, 4.4g, aVF
Struck at Constantinople
DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justin facing, holding globe surmounted by Victory, and shield / VICTORI-A AVCCC H, angel standing facing, holding long staff and globus cruciger; star in right field, CONOB in exg
Sear 345
Private sale
Lawrence Woolslayer
540152_498248696878713_800190106_n.jpg
04 Constantius II72 viewsD N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, A behind/ FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO soldier spearing falling enemy horseman, hair straight up, reaching backwards, LXXII to left, S between AQS in ex.
RIC Aquileia 193


"The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard."
Randygeki(h2)
V1044.jpg
05a Domitian as Caesar RIC-104442 viewsÆ Dupondius, 14.29g
Rome mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS V; Bust of Domitian, laureate, draped, r.
Rev: CERES AVGVST; S C in field; Ceres stg. l., with corn ears and poppy and sceptre
RIC 1044 (R). BMC p. 176 ‡. BNC 790.
Acquired from ANE, November 2019.

Dupondii struck for Domitian as Caesar under Vespasian lack a radiate crown and are unusually laureate and quite rare. This Ceres type struck in 77 or 78 was part of series of coins likely advertising some sort of agricultural programme. Same dies as the Paris specimen (BNC 790).

Solid style with dark patina.
5 commentsDavid Atherton
LarryW1903.jpg
0618 Focas, 602-61067 viewsAV solidus, 21.3mm, 4.41g, VF
Struck 603-607 at Constatinople
ON FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia, and holding globus cruciger / VICTORI - A AVCC B, Angel standing facing, holding in right hand long staff surmounted by Rho, and in left hand globus cruciger. CON OB in exg.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 618; DO 5b.2
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1928.jpg
0620 Focus, 602-61024 viewsAV solidus, 22.8mm, 4.49g, EF
Struck 607-610 at Constantinople
DN FOCAS PERP AVG, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA [AVGU] I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger; CONOB in exg. Unusual double strike.
Sear 620; Hahn 9

Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1921.jpg
0620v Focas, 602-61042 viewsGold solidus, 22.29mm, 4.48g, brilliant, Mint State
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
d N FOCAS PERP AV, crowned, draped and cuirased bust facing, holding globus cruciger in raised right hand / VICTORIA AVGU E, angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by chi-rho monogram in right hand and orb surmounted by cross (globus cruciger) in left; CONOB in exg.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Leu Auction 75, Zurich, 25-27 October 1999, lot 1629
cf. Sear 620; DOC 10e 1-5; MIB 9; Wroth (BMC) 10; Tolstoi 8; Ratto 1181 - all with obverse legend ending AVG
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1901.jpg
0621 Focas, 602-61049 viewsAV solidus, 21.1mm, 4.4g, Nice VF
Struck at Constantinople 609-610
dNN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU I, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger. CON OB in exg, N inner right field.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 621; DO 11c.3
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1918.jpg
0635 Focas, 602-61038 viewsGold half tremissis (1/6 solidus), 14.34mm, 0.72g, aEF
Struck c. 607-610 at Constantinople
dN FOCAS PER AV, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, beardless / VICTORI FOCAS AV, cross potent, CONOB beneath.
Extremely rare with three known specimens; the smallest gold denomination in the Byzantine series.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Frank Kovacs
Sear 635; cf. DOC 20; cf. MIB 29
Lawrence Woolslayer
RI_065an_img.jpg
065 - Julia Domna denarius - 607a24 viewsObv:– IVLIA DO-MNA AVG, Draped bust right, hair tied in bun behind
Rev:– AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left holding scales and cornucopia.
Minted in Alexandria. A.D. 194
Reference:– BMCRE Page 86. RIC IV 607a. RSC 3a.

BMCRE, RIC and RSC all refer to the same coin in Vienna which is queried as being plated.

Curtis provided this additional information however:-
"Bickford-Smith, Mint of Alexandria, unpublished typescript (1993), p. 91: four specimens known to him, in Vienna, Berlin, Basel, and Tbilisi.

BMC and RIC refer to the Vienna specimen, which they are wrong to classify as a plated hybrid: it is a regular, solid-silver coin."
maridvnvm
RI 071u img.jpg
071 - Elagabalus denarius - RIC 04067 viewsObv:– IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, horned, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SACERD DEI SOLIS ELAGAB, Elagabalus standing right, holding club and patera over lit altar; star in field right
References:– RIC 131

I believe that this is the only coin to contain the title "ELAGAB" which is how we know this emperor today. A nicely struck example with plenty of detail.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
LarryW1911.jpg
0731 Heraclius, 610-64162 viewsAV solidus, 21mm, 4.45g, Nice VF
Struck 610-612 at Contantinople
oN hERACLI-US PP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing with short beard, wearing plumed helmet, and holding cross / VICTORIA AVGU E, Cross potent on three steps, CON OB in exg.
Ex: Glenn W. Woods; Chris Connell Collection
Sear 731; DO 3b; MIB 5
This coin was the subject of a Celator article discussing the transition of coinage from Focas to Heraclius.
Lawrence Woolslayer
theodosius2~0.jpg
074. Theodosius II, 402-450AD. AV Solidus.514 viewsAV Solidus. Constantinople mint. Obv: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG - Three-quarters bust right, draped, cuirassed, holding spear over right shoulder and shield in left hand Rev: VOT XXX MVLT XXXXS - Constantinopolis seated left, holding cross on globe and scepter, her left foot sits on the prow of a galley and at rear of her throne, a shield sits; in right field, a 'star'. Exe: CONOB : AD 430-440, RIC X, 257 (s) Scarce, page 259/ 4.48 g. Choice FDC.
15 commentsLordBest
07k-Constantine-Tre-890.jpg
07k. Constantine: Treveri follis.57 viewsFollis, 310 - 313, Treveri mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Radiate bust of Sol.
Mint mark: (none)
4.86 gm., 23 mm.
RIC #890; PBCC #158; Sear #16125.
2 commentsCallimachus
07m-Constantine-Ant-167c.jpg
07m. Constantine: Antioch follis.45 viewsFollis, 312, Antioch mint.
Obverse: IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO / Sol in long robe, holding head of Serapis; Z in left field; star in right field.
Mint mark: ANT
5.05 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #167c; PBCC #1137; Sear #16044.
1 commentsCallimachus
2860420.jpg
08. Maurice Tiberius23 viewsAV Solidus (21mm, 4.41 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Struck 583-602 AD.

O: Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger

R: Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Z//CONOB. DOC 5g; MIBE 6; SB 478. VF, small dig on reverse.

Ex CNG

1 commentsSosius
Gallienus_AE-Ant_GALLIENVS-AVG_SOLI-CONS-AVG_Pegazus_Delta_RIC-283var_C-_Rome_253-268-AD_Q-001_9h_18-22mm_2,57ga-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Δ, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,80 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//Δ, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,
avers:- GALLIENVS-AVG, Radiate head right.
revers:- SOLI-CONS-AVG, Pegasus springing right, heavenward.
exergo:-/-//Δ (=4). (officina mark), diameter: 18-22mm, weight: 2,57g, axis: 9h,
mint: Rome, date: 267-268 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-, p-, Cohen 979; Sear 10362., Cunetio hoard , Minster hoard , Appleshaw hoard ,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
090b_Gallienus,_Roma,_Göbl_712b,_AE-Ant,_GALLIENVS_AVG,_SOLI_CONS_AVG,_A,_RIC-_C-_-AD__Q-001,_0h,_21,5mm,_g-s.jpg
090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283var., Göbl 712b, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//A, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,179 views090b Gallienus (253-268 A.D.), Sole Reign, RIC V-I 283var., Göbl 712b, Rome, AE-Antoninianus, -/-//A, SOLI CONS AVG, Pegasus,
avers: GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right.
reverse: SOLI CONS AVG, Winged horse/Pegasus leaping right. "A" in exergue.
exergue:-/-//A, diameter: 19,0-21,5mm, weight: g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, date: 267-268 A.D., ref: RIC-V-I-283 var (bust type), p-, Göbl 712b, Sear 10362,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
LarryW1922.jpg
0956 Contans II, AD 641-66850 viewsGold solidus, 19.44mm, 4.49g, nearly EF
Struck c. 651-654 at Constantinople
d N CONSTAN[TINU]S PP AV, crowned bust facing, with long beard and mustache, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand / VICTORIA AVGU I, cross potent on three steps; CO[NOB] beneath.
Areas of flatness in the striking
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 956; DOC 19j; MIB 23; Wroth/BMC 36; Tolstoi 57; CBN 41
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1925.jpg
0964 Constans II, AD 641-66853 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.31g, EF
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and Constantine IV, beardless (on right), each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU Δ, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CONOB in exergue. Some surface deposits on obverse and a little flatness in the striking affecting both sides.
Certificate of Authenticy by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
Sear 964; DOC 30d; MIB 31; Wroth (BMC) 55; Tolstoi 293
Lawrence Woolslayer
96n.jpg
096n Aurilan. bill. antoninianus8 viewsobv: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG rad. cuir. ust r
rev: SOLI_INVICTO Sol walking l. between two captives treading one down, l. hand holding globe
ex: */QXXT
hill132
V1495.JPG
09d Domitian as Caesar- RIC 1495125 viewsAR Denarius, 3.26g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: FIDES PVBL; Hands clasped over caduceus, two poppies and two corn ears
RIC 1495 (R). BMC 491. RSC -. RPC 1467 (4 spec.). BNC -.
Ex Solidus, eBay, 29 November 2013.

In 76 AD a mysterious series of denarii appeared in Asia Minor for Vespasian and his sons two years after Ephesus stopped minting denarii. The reverse types were copied from those contemporaneously produced at Rome and featured many mules and blundered legends. Often an 'o' mint mark is visible below the busts, giving rise to the theory that these may be the product of Ephesus. The style is also similar to the last series known from that mint.

Here is a rare reverse type for Domitian as Caesar. At Rome this type is only known for Vespasian and Titus. BMC 491 is listed as no mint mark below bust. A fine style portrait struck on a large flan. Same obverse die as my V1492.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Focas_Solidus_sm.jpg
10. Phocas16 viewsPHOCAS
602-610 AD
AV Solidus (22mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 1st officina. Struck 604-607.
Crowned, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; A//CONOB. DOC 5a; MIBE 7; SB 618. EF.
Ex-CNG 10/2013
Sosius
LarryW1853.jpg
100 Constantius II, AD 337-36172 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.00g, gF
Struck AD 355-360 at Arles
FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust, spear across shoulder in right, shield on left arm / GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma and Constantinopolis enthroned, holding wreath with VOT XXX MVLT XXXX in four lines, */KONSTAN in ex (TAN in monogram). Graffiti on obverse fields
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC 238
Lawrence Woolslayer
Aurelianus_Ant_RIC-V-I-154_T-1532_0h_21-21,5mm_4,47g-s.jpg
106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1532, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-/SXXT, Sol walking left,78 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1532, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-/SXXT, Sol walking left,
avers: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding the globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in an oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in an oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exergue: */-/SXXT, diameter: 21,0-21,5mm, weight: 4,47g, axes: 0h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, ph-, off-2, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1532 (Estiot), RIC V-I 154, p-282,
Q-001
quadrans
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106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1536, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-//QXXT, Sol walking left, #1125 views106 Aurelianus (270-275 A.D.), T-1536, RIC V-I 154, Ticinum, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, */-//QXXT, Sol walking left, #1
avers:- IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right. (B1)
revers:- SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left hand, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress seated left, on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress seated right, head turned left. (Sol 2g)
exerg: */-//QXXT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axes: h,
mint: Ticinum, iss-2, off-4, date: 274 A.D., ref: T-1536(Estiot), RIC V-I 154,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_107w_img.jpg
107 - Gallienus, Antoninianus - RIC 28567 viewsObv:– GALLIENVS AVG, radiate bust right
Rev:– SOLI CONS AVG, Bull right, XI in exergue
Minted in Rome
Reference:– RIC 285. RSC 162.

One of the scarcer reverses in this series.

Weight 2.97g. 20.82mm.
maridvnvm
RIC_200_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SOLI-INVICT-O_R-thunderbolt-Gamma_RIC-200_p-39_Rome_281_6th_off_Q-001_h_22-23mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 200, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 135 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 200, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- IMP-PROB-VS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOLI-INVICT-O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 21,5-22,7mm, weight: 3,15g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 200, p-,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG_SOL-I-INVIC-TO_R-Crescent-E_RIC-V-II-202_Rome-5th-em_278_Q-001_axis-6h_22,5-24,5mm_3,16g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R crescent E, Sol in quadriga galloping left, C,353 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R crescent E, Sol in quadriga galloping left, C,
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip on globe.
exergo: -/-//R crescent E, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 5th emission of Rome, 278 A.D., date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 202, p-100,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_202_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-AVG(H)_SOLI-INVIC-TO_R-dot-in_Crescent-B_RIC-202_p-39_Rome_279_Q-001_5h_21-23mm_2,65g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R dot in crescent B, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 87 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R dot in crescent B, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers: IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers: SOLI-INVIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip on globe.
exergo: -/-//R dot in crescent B, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 2,65g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 5th emission of Rome, 278 A.D., date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 202, p-100,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_202_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-AVG(H)_SOL-I-I-N-VIC-TO_R-dot-in_Crescent-Epszilon_RIC-202_Rome_279_Q-001_0h_22-24mm_4,01g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R dot in crescent E, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R dot in crescent E, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers: IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers: SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip on globe.
exergo: -/-//R dot in crescent E, diameter: 22-24mm, weight: 4,01g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 5th emission of Rome, 278 A.D., date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 202, p-100,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-AVG-H-_SOLI-INVICTO_R-star-B_RIC-202-p-39_Rome_3rd-em-278AD_Q-001_axis-5h_22mm_3,20-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R*B, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #1223 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R*B, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #1
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SO-LI-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip on globe.
exergo: -/-//R*B, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,20g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 202, p-39,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_202_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-PROBVS-AVG_(H)_SO-LI-INVI-CTO_R-star-B_RIC-202-p-39_Rome_3rd-em-278AD_Q-002_0h_22-23,5mm_3,20-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R*B, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 202, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R*B, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #2
avers:- IMP-PRO-BVS-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SO-LI-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip on globe.
exergo: -/-//R*B, diameter: 22-23,5mm, weight: 3,20g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 202, p-39,
Q-002
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SOL-I-IN-VICT-O_R-thd-Gamma_RIC-768_Rome_279_Q-001_h_21-23mm_3,_53g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left, 74 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 203, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, Sol in quadriga galloping left,
avers:- PRO-BVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle. (6,H)
revers:- SOL-I-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip and globe.
exergo: -/-//R Thunderbolt Γ, diameter: 22,5-24,5mm, weight: 3,16g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, 6th emission of Rome, 281 A.D., date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 203, p-39,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-I-NVICTO_star-RB_RIC-V-II-204var-p39_3rd-em-Rome_Notin-this-off_278-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, Sol in spread quadriga,99 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- SO-LI-I-N-VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//* R-B, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204 var (Not in RIC this officina), p-39,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-R_RIC-V-II-204var(Not_in_thisBust)-p-39_Rome_2nd-emiss_277-AD_Q-x01_axis-5h_22-25mm_4,66g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H-var (Not in RIC), Sol in spread quadriga,113 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204 var, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H-var (Not in RIC), Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle, and globe in right hand. (H-var Not in RIC)
revers:- SO-LI-IN-VIC-TO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter: 22-25mm, weight: 4,66g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, 2nd emission of Rome, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204var (Not in RIC), p-39,
Q-001
"What is particularly interesting in this coin is that it was unlisted till now with this exergue // R (cf. S. Estiot & Ph. Gysen, L'atelier de Rome au début du règne de Probus: corpus et documents inédits, Revue Numismatique 2006, tables p. 254-255)
[downloadable : http://www.academia.edu/1368399/Latelier_de_Rome_au_debut_du_regne_de_Probus_276-277_corpus_et_documents_inedits ]
In fact since our 2006 article has been published, I realized that there was such a coin in Vienna: so Joe's is the second known exemplary; furthermore, it has been struck with the same reverse die as the coin in Vienna. "by S.Estiot, Thank you S. Estiot.
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-L-I-INVIC-T-O_R_RIC-V-II-204-p39_3rd-em-Rome_278-AD_Q-001_0h_21,5-22,5mm_3,04ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R, Sol in spread quadriga,178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 204, Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers:- SO-L-I-IN-VIC-T-O, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//R, diameter:21,5-22,5 mm, weight:3,04 g, axis: 0h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 204, p-39,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_---_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silv_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_SO-L-I-I-N-VIC-T-O_R-E_RIC-V-II-205var(Not_in_Bust_and_off_)-p-39_Rome_2nd-em-5th-off_277-AD_Q-001_7h_23,5mm_4,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 205var. (???), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R E, Sol in spread quadriga, Not in RIC this Bust and officina !!!108 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 205var. (???), Rome, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//R E, Sol in spread quadriga, Not in RIC this Bust and officina !!!
avers: IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H)
revers: SO-L-I-I-N-VIC-T-O, Sol faceing in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//R E, diameter:23,5 mm, weight:4,25g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, 3rd emission of Rome, 278, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 205var. (???), p-39, Not in RIC this Bust and officina !!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_S-O-LI-INVICT-O_KA-Delta_RIC-861_C-_Serdica-3rd-emission-_277-AD__Q-001_6h_22-23mm_3,81g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 861, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//KAΔ, Sol in spread quadriga, #166 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 861, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-G, -/-//KAΔ, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield.
reverse: S O LI IN VICT O, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding the globe in left.
exergue: -/-//KAΔ, no exergual line, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica 3rd emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC-861,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_862,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_AVG_(H),_S_OL_I_INVIC_T_O,_KADelta,_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5-23mm_4,25g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1153 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KAΔ, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Bust Type (H-H2), Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- S OL I INVIC T O, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KAΔ, no exergual line, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 4,25g, axis: 0h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC V-II 862, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
5 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H)_S-OLI-INVIC-T-O_KA-dot-gamma-dot_RIC-862_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_7h_22,5mm_3,71g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KA•Γ•, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1286 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 862, Serdica, Bust-H (H2), -/-//KA•Γ•, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, #1
avers:- IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Bust Type (H-H2), Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- S OL I INVIC T O, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,71g, axis: 7h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC V-II 862, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H-r_)_S-O-LI-INVICTO_KAdotGammadot_RIC-V-II-864-p112_Serdica_276-AD_Q-001_6h_22mm_4,45g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,121 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864 var, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H right (Not in RIC), -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. (H-var right, Not in RIC)
revers:- S-O-LI-IN-VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding globe and whip.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22mm, weight: 4,45g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica, 3rd emission of Serdica, 277, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 864 (Not in RIC), p-112,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(H)_SOLI-INVICTO_KA-dot-gamma-dot_RIC-864_Serdica-4th-emission_277Pink-or-280-81Gysen-AD_Q-001_h_22mm_x_xxga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,102 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 864, Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H, -/-//KA•Γ•, Sol in spread quadriga,
avers:- IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.
revers:- SOLI-INVICTO, Sol faceing left in spred quadriga, rising right hand and holding whip in left hand.
exergo: -/-//KA•Γ•, no exergual line, diameter: 22mm, weight: x,xxg, axis: h,
mint: Serdica, date: 277 A.D. by Pink or 280-81 A.D. by Gysen, ref: RIC-V-II-864, p-112, 4th emission,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_865var_,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,_IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_PIVS_AVG,_(E1-G),_SOLI_IN_VICTO,_KA_A__Not-in-this_off_,_Serdica,_4th_em_,1st_off_,_280-81AD,_Q-001,_6h,_21-22,5mm,_3,62g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 865var., Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-E1/G, -/-//KA•A•, Sol in spread quadriga, Rare! #167 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 865var., Serdica, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-E1/G, -/-//KA•A•, Sol in spread quadriga, Rare! #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PIVS AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, (E1-G).
reverse: SOLI IN VICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding the globe in left.
exergue: -/-//KA•A•, no exergual line, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,621g, axis: 6h,
mint: Serdica 4th emission, 1st off., date: 280-281A.D., ref: RIC V-II 865var., Rare!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_exe-no_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,28g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #192 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2a-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//--, Sol facing in spread quadriga, R3! #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,28g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, - officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-, p-118, (La Venèra: 1 example), R3!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_B_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_6h_22mm_3,73ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #184 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//B, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//B, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,73g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-2, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-001_0h_21-22,5mm_3,12g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1103 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 21,0-22,5mm, weight: 3,12g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant-Silvered_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG(H)_SO-LI-N-VICT-O_Gamma_RIC-V-II-911-p118_Cyzicus_276-AD__Q-002_6h_22mm_3,92g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2106 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-2b-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, -/-//Γ, Sol facing in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: -/-//Γ, diameter: 22,0mm, weight: 3,92g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 2nd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 276-277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-2a-3, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI_RIC-911_Cyzicus_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_22-24mm_4,40g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3c-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXI, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1131 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3c-, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXI, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXI, diameter: 22,0-24,0mm, weight: 4,40g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, - officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3c-, p-118,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-P_RIC-911_Cyzicus_3rd-em_280-AD_Q-001_5h_21,5mm_2,34g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #178 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIP, diameter: 21,5mm, weight: 2,34g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 1st. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-1, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-P_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_11h_23mm_3,42gax-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #269 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-1, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIP, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIP, diameter: 23,0mm, weight: 3,42g, axis: 11h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 1st. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-1, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,__IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(H-H2),_SO_LI_IN_VICT_O,_CM_XXIS,_p118,_3rd_em_,_2nd_off_,_Cyzicus,_280-AD,_Q-001_6h_22,5mm_3,49g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIS, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1121 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-2, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIS, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIS, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,49g, axis: 6h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 2nd. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-2, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-T_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_1h_22,5-23mm_3,35g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIT, Sol left in spread quadriga, #194 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-3, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIT, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIT, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 3,35g, axis: 1h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 3rd. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-3, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-Q_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_0h_23-23,5mm_3,68ga-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #183 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 23-23,5mm, weight: 3,68g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 4th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-4, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-Q_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-002_0h_22,5-23mm_4,31g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2117 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-4, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIQ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #2
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIQ, diameter: 22,5-23,0mm, weight: 4,31g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 4th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-4, p-118,
Q-002
quadrans
RIC_911-3-5,_112_Probus,_AE-Ant,__IMP_C_M_AVR_PROBVS_P_F_AVG_(H-H2),_SO_LI_IN_VICT_O,_CM_XXIV,_p118,_3rd_em_,_5th_off_,_Cyzicus,_280-AD,_Q-001,_5h,_22,5mm,_3,90g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIV, Sol left in spread quadriga, #181 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-3d-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIV, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIV, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,90g, axis: 5h,
mint: Cyzicus, 3rd. emission, 5th. officina, date: 280 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-3d-5, p-118,
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
RIC_911_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG_SO-LI-INVICT-O_CM_XXI-E_Bust-H_RIC-911-p-118_Cyzicus_280-AD_Q-001_0h_22,5mm_3,72gax-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-4-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIЄ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #175 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), AE-Antoninianus, RIC V-II 911-4-5, Cyzicus, SOLI INVICTO, Bust-H2/H, CM//XXIЄ, Sol left in spread quadriga, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H2/H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SO LI INVICT O, Sol left in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding the whip in left hand. No exergual line.
exergue: CM//XXIЄ, diameter: 22,5mm, weight: 3,72g, axis: 0h,
mint: Cyzicus, 4th. emission, 5th. officina, date: 281 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 911-4-5, p-118,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SOLI-INVICTO_XXI-P_RIC-781var-p-102_Alf-73-No-46_Siscia_4thd-em-277-AD_Rare_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0073.0046, -/-//XXIP, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 776, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (on clouds), #192 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0073.0046, -/-//XXIP, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 776, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (on clouds), #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (on clouds), raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//XXIP, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia 4th emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 776, p-101, Alföldi 0073.0046,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(C)_SOL-I-I-NVICTO_XXI-Q_RIC-777var-p-102_Alf-73-No-20_Siscia_6thd-em-279-AD_Rare_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!! 67 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0075.0001, -/-//XXIQ, Bust A2/C, RIC V-II 777var. (Not listed for this bust type in RIC), AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga, raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand. Quadriga with closely spaced/small wheels, clouds underneath.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia 6th. emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 777, p-101, Alföldi 0075.0001, Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
112_Probus_(276-282_A_D_),_Siscia,_Alf,_0076_--,_RIC_V-II_-,_AE-Ant,_IMP_PRO-BVS_AVG,_SOLI_INVIC-TO,_XXIV,_em-5,_278AD,_R,_Q-001,_0h,_20-23mm,_3,63g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, -/-//XXIV, Bust F5/Gvar., RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Very Rare!!!197 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, -/-//XXIV, Bust F5/Gvar., RIC V-II Not in !!!, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Very Rare!!!
avers: IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding a spear. (F5/Gvar.).
reverse: SOLI IN VICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 20,0-23,0mm, weight: 3,63g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 5th. emission of Siscia, date: 278 A.D., ref: RIC V-II -- Not in !!!, Alföldi 0076.-- Not in !!!, Very Rare!!!
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-()_SOLI-INVICTO_XXI-Q_RIC-769_C-641_Siscia-6th-em_Alfoldi-76-no-81_279AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-0h_22mm_3,41g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0081, -/-//XXIQ, Bust F1/Gvar., RIC V-II 769, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!! 215 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0081, -/-//XXIQ, Bust F1/Gvar., RIC V-II 769, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!!
avers: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield. (F1/Gvar.).
reverse: SOLI IN VICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIQ, diameter: 22mm, weight: 3,41g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. emission of Siscia, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 769, p-100, C-655-657, Alföldi 0076.0081, Rare!!
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG_SOLI-IN-VICT-O_XXIT_RIC-768_C-000_Siscia-6th-emission_279_Q-001_21-23mm_3_53g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0097, -/-//XXIT, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 768, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!!145 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0097, -/-//XXIT, Bust B/F, RIC V-II 768, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, bust right in the imperial mantle. (B/F).
reverse: SOLI IN VICT O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,53g, axis: h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. emission of Siscia, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 768, p-100, C-655-657, Alföldi 0076.0097, Rare!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-AVG-(Fl_-pugio)_SOLI-INVICTO_XXI-T_RIC-768var-Not-in-p-100_Alf-76-No-113_Siscia_6th-em-279-AD_Q-001_axis-h_mm_g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0113, -/-//XXIT, Bust B10 var.1/F.l.with pugio, RIC V-II 768var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!!! 195 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0113, -/-//XXIT, Bust B10 var.1/F.l.with pugio, RIC V-II 768var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding pugio in right hand. (B10 var.1/F.l.with pugio)
reverse: SOLI IN VICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIT, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 2,79g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. emission, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 768var., p-100, Alföldi 0076.0113, Rare!!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-AVG-(G)_SOLI-INVICT-O_XXI-V_RIC-774_Alfoldi-76-no-141_Siscia-6th-emission_279_Q-001_axis-h_22mm_3_xxg-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0141, -/-//XXIV, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 774, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Scarce!130 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0141, -/-//XXIV, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 774, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, Scarce!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (E1/G).
reverse: SOLI INVICT O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding the whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIV, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. emission of Siscia, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 774, p-101, C-658,659, Alföldi 0076.0141, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
RIC_767_A_076_No_168_112_Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-PF-AVG-(G)_SOLI-INVICTO_XXI-S_RIC-767_Siscia-6th-em_Alfoldi-76-no-168_279AD_Q-001_6h_21,6-22,6mm_3,75g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0168, -/-//XXIS, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 767, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #1116 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0076.0168, -/-//XXIS, Bust E1/G, RIC V-II 767, AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, #1
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left., holding spear and shield. (E1/G).
reverse: SOLI INVICT O, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding a whip.
exergue: -/-//XXIS, diameter: 21-23mm, weight: 3,91g, axis: 6h,
mint: Siscia, 6th. emission of Siscia, date: 279 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 767, p-100, Alföldi 0076.0168,
Q-001
quadrans
Probus_AE-Ant_IMP-C-M-AVR-PROBVS-P-F-AVG-(H)_SOL-I-IN-VI-C-TO-AV-G_XXI-VI_RIC-781var-p-102_Alf-83-No-6_Siscia_4thd-em-277-AD_Rare_Q-001_0h_22-23mm_3,97g-s.jpg
112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!152 views112 Probus (276-282 A.D.), Siscia, Alföldi 0083.0006var., -/-//XXIVI, Bust H2/H, RIC V-II 781var., AE-Antoninianus, SOLI INVICTO, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), Rare!!!
avers: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Bust Type H, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by an eagle.
reverse: SOLI INVICTO AVG, Sol facing in spread quadriga (Clouds underneath quadriga but no wheels!), raising right hand and holding globe and whip in left hand.
exergue: -/-//XXIVI, diameter: 22-23mm, weight: 3,97g, axis: 0h,
mint: Siscia 4th. emission, date: 277 A.D., ref: RIC V-II 781var., p-101, Alföldi 0083.0006var., Rare!!!
Q-001
quadrans
2860424.jpg
12. Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine19 viewsHeraclius, with Heraclius Constantine

AV Solidus (19mm, 4.51 g, 7h). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 616-circa 625.

O: Crowned facing busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine; cross above

R: Cross potent set on three steps; Є//CONOB.


DOC 13d; MIB 11; SB 738. VF.

Ex CNG
1 commentsSosius
image~4.jpg
12. Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas41 viewsHeraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641.
AV Solidus (18mm, 4.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina.
Dated IY 11 (AD 637/8).
Crowned figures of Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; monogram to left, IA monogram (date) to right; ς//CONOB.
DOC 39e; MIB 45; SB 764. EF, areas of weak strike.
Ex-CNG
1 commentsSosius
LarryW1801.jpg
120 Honorius, AD 393–423162 viewsGold solidus, 21.2mm, 4.43g, FDC
Struck c. 408-420 at Constantinople
D N HONORI—VS P F AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield with horseman motif on left arm / CONCORDI—A AVCC Γ, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, right foot on ship's prow, holding scepter in right hand, Victory on globe in left. Star in left field, CON OB in exergue.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
RIC X, 201; Cohen 3; DO 778v (off B)
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
121c.jpg
121c Constantine I. AE follis 4.1gm24 viewsobv: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG laur. cuir. bust r.
rev: SOLI INVIC_TO CAMITI Sol rad.std. l. raising r. hand, globe in l. chlamys across l. shoulder
ex: T-F//PTR
hill132
RI_125u_img.jpg
125 - Aurelian Ant. - RIC - Bust Type F130 viewsObv:– IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, Radiated, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INS AVG, Sol standing left raising right hand, holding globe in left hand standing on captive in front, another captive behind
Minted at Ticinum
Reference:– RIC -

This coin is relatively interesting in that it illustrates the use of two different reverse dies being struck with the same obverse die. The coin combines a SOLI INVICTO and and ORIENS AVG, both with star in left field and PXXT in exe from the mint at Ticinum. Shadow strikes can be seen of the other captives and on the head of Sol from the other strike.
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
12i-Constantine-Lon-008.jpg
12i. Constantine: London follis.20 viewsFollis, ca 313 - 314, Londinium mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, holding globe. S in left field, F in right field.
Mint mark: PLN
4.00 gm., 21 mm.
RIC #8, PBCC unlisted; Sear #16050.
Callimachus
12k-Constantine-Tre-044.jpg
12k. Constantine: Treveri follis.22 viewsFollis, 313 - 315, Treveri mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, chlamys spread, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand. T in left field; F in right field.
Mint mark: PTR
3.98 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #44; PBCC #172; Sear #16061.
Callimachus
LarryW1852.jpg
130 Theodosius II, AD 402-450104 viewsGold solidus, 20.8mm, 4.48g, FDC
Struck AD 408-419 at Constantinople
D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVC, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust holding spear and shield decorated with horseman / CONCORDI-A AVCC Θ, Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding sceptre and Victory on globe, star left, CONOB in exergue
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
RIC X, 202
1 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
RI_132xp_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC - - Bust type H (Rome) (RB)37 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (//RB) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC - Bust Type H (Not listed for this obverse legend in RIC). Would be after 204 in RIC. 3 examples in La Venera, 6 others known to Estiot.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132tb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 200 - Bust type H (Rome) (R wreath Γ)18 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R wreath Γ in exe) Emission 5 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference(s) – RIC 200 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132as_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 202 - Bust type H (Rome) (R * E)18 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R * E in exe) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 278
Reference(s) – RIC 202 Bust type H
Weight 4.36 gms
Size 25.19 mm
maridvnvm
RI 132tk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 202 - Bust type H (Rome) (R Crescent B)28 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R Crescent B in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 279
Reference(s) – RIC 202 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132vg_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 202 - Bust type H (Rome) (R dot in crescent E)36 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R crescent E) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 202 Bust type H

Weight 4.87g. 24.96mm.
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132cm img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 202 - Bust type H (Rome) (R dotted crescent E)30 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R dotted crescent E in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 279
Reference(s) – RIC 202 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132rv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 203 - Bust type H (Rome) (R Thunderbolt Γ)27 viewsObv:– PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in chariot riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R Thunderbolt Γ in exe) Emission 6 Officina 3. A.D. 281
Reference(s) – RIC 203 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132ja img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)52 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm
maridvnvm
RI_132ja_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)35 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms.
Size 23.25 mm

New image of old coin.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132ja_img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (R)30 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (R in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
Weight 5.63 gms. Size 23.25 mm
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132nr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (RB)52 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (RB in exe) Emission 2, Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132nr_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (RB)37 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (RB in exe) Emission 2, Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132tf img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (RE)19 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (RE in exe) Emission 2, Officina 5. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132xl_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 204 - Bust type H (Rome) (RE)33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip
Minted in Rome (RE in exe) Emission 2. A.D. 277
Reference(s) – RIC 204 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132r img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 767 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIQ)32 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadrigga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIQ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 767 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132ix_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 767 var - Bust Type G (rear) (Siscia) (XXIV)29 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the rear
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadrigga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 6 Officina . A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 767 var. Bust type G (rear) (Not listed eith this bust type in RIC). Alföldi type 76, n° 176
Weight 3.55 gms
Size 21.51mm
Martin Griffiths
RI 132pm img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 767 var - Radiate, cuirassed bust left (Siscia) (XXIT)35 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadrigga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIT in exe) Emission 6 Officina 3. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 767 var. Radiate, cuirassed bust left (Not listed with this bust type in RIC). Alföldi type 76, n° 159
maridvnvm
RI 132sn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 769 var (Siscia) (XXIV)30 viewsObv:– IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from the rear
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadrigga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 6 Officina . A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 769 var. (Not listed with this bust type in RIC). Alföldi type 76, n° - (Not listed with this bust type in Alföldi).
maridvnvm
RI_132ec_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 774 - Bust Type G (Siscia) (XXIS)33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadrigga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIS in exe) Emission 6 Officina 2. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 774 Bust type G. Alföldi type 76, n° 138
Martin Griffiths
RI_132gv_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 774 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIV)26 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left hand holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe)
Reference:– RIC 774 Bust type H
Martin Griffiths
RI_132ft_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 776 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIVI)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe
Minted in Siscia (XXIVI in exe) Emission 4, Officina 6. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 776 Bust type H
Martin Griffiths
RI_132ko_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 776 var - Bust Type H (Siscia) (-)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (No marks). Emission 2. A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 776 var Bust type H (not listed in RIC without field marks). Alföldi type 73, n° 30
maridvnvm
RI_132yn_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 776 var - Bust Type H (Siscia) (D / XXI)4 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (D / XXI). Emission 2. A.D. 277.
Reference:– Alföldi type 73, n° 36. RIC 776 var Bust Type H (Not listed for this officina in RIC)

3.50g, 22.18mm, 180o
maridvnvm
RI 132tv img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 776 var - Radiate cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield (Siscia) (XXI)31 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (XXI i exe no officina mark). Emission 2. A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 776 var (not listed in RIC this mark of without officina mark). Alföldi type 73, n° - (Not listed in Alföldi without officina mark for this bust type)
maridvnvm
RI 132pr img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 777 - Bust Type F (Siscia) (XXIQ)25 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (XXIQ). Emission 2 Officina 4. A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 777 Bust type H. Alföldi type 74, n° 1 (Quadriga with large wheels sub-type)
maridvnvm
RI 132oe img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 778 - Bust Type H (Siscia) (XXIS)22 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (XXIS). Emission 2 Officina 6. A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 778 Bust type H. Alföldi type 73, n° 44
maridvnvm
RI 132ry img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 778 var - Radiate, cuirassed bust left (Siscia) (XXIP)23 viewsObv:– IMP PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga
Minted in Siscia (XXIP). Emission 6 Officina 1. A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 778 Radiate, cuirassed bust left var. (Not listed with this bust type in RIC). Alföldi type 73, n° - (Not listed with this officina in Alföldi)
maridvnvm
RI 132cx img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 783 - Bust Type G (Siscia) (XXIV)39 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO AVG, Sol in quadriga galloping left, right hand raised, left holding whip
Minted in Siscia (XXIV in exe) Emission 6 Officina 5. A.D. 279
Reference:– RIC 783 Bust type G (scarce)
maridvnvm
RI 132na img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type C (Serdica) (KA•Δ•)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (KA•Δ•) in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type C
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132dm img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type C (Serdica) (KAB)41 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132hx img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type C (Serdica) (KAB)26 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type C
maridvnvm
RI 132lc img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type F (Serdica) (KA•Δ•)25 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding whip
Minted in Serdica (KA•Δ• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 132nw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type F (Serdica) (KA•Δ•)15 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding whip
Minted in Serdica (KA•Δ• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type F
maridvnvm
RI 132hm img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KAA)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding whip
Minted in Serdica (KAA in exe) Emission 4 Officina 1. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132u img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KA•Γ•)53 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust left wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle tipped scepter
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding whip
Minted in Serdica (KA•Γ• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 861 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132ey_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 var. - Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (Serdica) (Γ)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe, whip and billowing cloak.
Minted in Serdica (Γ in exe) Emission 3 Officina 3.
Reference:– RIC 861 var. Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (This bust type is not listed in RIC. This issue mark is not listed for this mint).

There is growing evidence that this coin forms part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.

A fascinating coin with lots of fine detail.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132ey_img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 861 var. - Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (Serdica) (Γ) 31 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe, whip and billowing cloak.
Minted in Serdica (Γ in exe) Emission 3 Officina 3.
Reference:– RIC 861 var. Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (This bust type is not listed in RIC. This issue mark is not listed for this mint).

There is growing evidence that this coin forms part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.

A fascinating coin with lots of fine detail.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132ga_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 862 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KAB)43 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB in exe)
Reference:– RIC 862 Bust type H
A lovely example with a good strike and fully silvered.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132vt_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 862 Bust Type H21 viewsAntonianus
Obv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KAB) Emission 4, Officina 2. Minted A.D. 277.
Reference:– RIC 862 Bust type H

Nearly filly silvered.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ip img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 862 var. - Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (Serdica) (KAA)67 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding globe, whip and billowing cloak.
Minted in Serdica (KAA in exe) Emission 4 Officina 1. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 862 var. Radiate bust right in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle (This bust type is not listed in RIC.)
maridvnvm
RI_132fh_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 - Bust Type F (Serdica) (KA•B•) 24 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding whip in left
Minted in Serdica (KA•B• in exe) Emission 4, Officina 2. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 864 Bust type F
Martin Griffiths
RI 132er img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 - Bust Type G (Serdica) (KA•Δ•)42 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust l., holding spear and shield
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Emperor riding left, right hand raised, left holding sceptre; at foot, captive
Minted in Serdica (KA•Δ• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 864 Bust type G
I know, I know, the reverse is horribly encrusted but I liked the bust on this one.
maridvnvm
RI 132hf img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (KA•Γ•)33 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding whip in left
Mint – Serdica (KA•Γ• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 864 Bust Type H
maridvnvm
RI 132ke img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 - Bust Type H (Serdica) (None)39 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding whip in left
Mint – Serdica (No marks) Emission 3
Reference:– RIC 864 Bust Type H
maridvnvm
RI 132fu img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (Δ) (unlisted issue mark for mint)72 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (Δ in exe)
Reference:– RIC 864 var. Bust type H (This series of emission marks is not documented in RIC or Pink for this mint)
There is growing evidence that this coin is part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.
A nicely struck coin with lots of detail and plenty of silvering.
maridvnvm
RI 132fu img~0.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 864 var - Bust Type H (Serdica) (Δ) (unlisted issue mark for mint) (updated image)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, right hand raised, holding globe in left
Minted in Serdica (Δ in exe)
Reference:– RIC 864 var. Bust type H (This series of emission marks is not documented in RIC or Pink for this mint)
There is growing evidence that this coin is part of an unlisted second series of mintmarks used during the third emission of Serdica using Greek letters that ran in parallel to the Roman equivalent.
A nicely struck coin with lots of detail and plenty of silvering.

A new image of this pleasing coin.
maridvnvm
RI_132uz_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 869 - Bust Type F var (Serdica) (KA•A•)36 viewsObv:– PERPETVO IMP C PROBO AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga, holding whip
Minted in Serdica (KA•A• in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 869 Bust type F var. (Not listed with this bust type in RIC, listed types noted as R2).
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132wu_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H14 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate bust left in consular robe holding eagle-tipped scepter in left
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left
Mint – Cyzicus (CM / XXI) Emission 3, Officina 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust Type H
maridvnvm
RI 132hw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (Γ)68 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (Γ in exe) Emission 2 Officina 3. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132hw_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (Γ)17 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (Γ in exe) Emission 2 Officina 3. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H

Updated image.
maridvnvm
RI 132ks img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (A)20 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (A in exe) Emission 2 Officina 1. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132up img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (B)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (B in exe) Emission 2 Officina 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H

Ex - Philippe Gysen
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132hq img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXI∆)101 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXI∆ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 4. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132dk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIΓ)81 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIΓ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 3. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132hz img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXI)37 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXI in exe) Emission 3. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132md img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIA)24 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIA in exe) Emission 4 Officina 1. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132pz img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIB)32 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIB in exe) Emission 4 Officina 2. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132bw img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIE)113 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIE in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_132bw_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIE)18 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIE in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H

Updated image
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 132ic img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIh)35 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIh in exe) Emission 3 Officina 6. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132gk img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIP)44 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIP in exe) Emission 3 Officina 1. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132hi img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIQ)45 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIQ in exe) Emission 3 Officina 4. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132eb img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIS)54 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIS in exe) Emission 3 Officina 2. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132ka img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIT)32 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIT in exe) Emission 3 Officina 3. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132ce img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIV)51 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIV in exe) Emission 3 Officina 5. A.D. 280
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132mo img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIV)21 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIV in exe) Emission 4 Officina 5. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132fz img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (CM / XXIZ)47 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga holding whip
Minted in Cyzicus (CM in centre field, XXIZ in exe) Emission 4 Officina 6. A.D. 281
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI_132jq_img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (D)9 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (D in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132kl img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (E)28 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (E in exe) Emission 2 Officina 5. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
RI 132jn img.jpg
132 - Probus - RIC 911 - Bust Type H (Cyzicus) (None)63 viewsObv:– IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, Radiate, bust left in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO, Sol in a spread quadriga facing, radiate, cloak billowing out behind, raising right hand, holding whip in left (Sol always facing front for this emission)
Minted in Cyzicus (None) Emission 2. end of A.D. 276 to begining of A.D. 277
Reference:– RIC 911 Bust type H
maridvnvm
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG-(2,B4)_SOLI-INV-I-CTO-COMITI_R-F_R-star-P__RIC-VII-22_p-298_Rome_314-AD_R4_Q-001_1h_21,5-20,5mm_2,86g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Rome, RIC VII 022, R/F//R*P, AE-3 Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, R4 !!!70 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Rome, RIC VII 022, R/F//R*P, AE-3 Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, R4 !!!
avers:- IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, (2, B4), Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INV I CTO COMITI, Sol standing left with chlamys across shoulder, raising right hand and holding globe in left.
exergo: R/F//R*P, diameter: 21,5-20,5 mm, weight: 2,86g, axis: 1h,
mint: Rome, date: 314 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-022, p-298, R4 !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Licinius-I_AE-3-Follis_IMP-LICINIVS-P-F-AVG_SOLI-INVI-C-TO-COMITI_star_STdot__RIC-VII-17_p-361_Ticinum_314-15-AD_Q-001_axis-1h_18,5mm_2,82g-s.jpg
132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 017, */-//ST•, AE-3 Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, R2 !!!84 views132 Licinius l. (308-324 A.D.), Ticinum, RIC VII 017, */-//ST•, AE-3 Follis, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, R2 !!!
avers:- IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, 2, B1, Laureate head right.
revers:- SOLI INVI C TO COMITI, Sol standing left with chlamys across shoulder, raising right hand and holding globe in left, star in left field.
exergo: */-//ST• , diameter:18,5 mm, weight: 2,82g, axis: 1h,
mint: Ticinum, date: 314-415 A.D., ref: RIC-VII-017, p-361, R2 !!!,
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-C-FL-VAL-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-IN-VICTO_A_star_ANT_RIC-VI-167c-p-644_Antioch_312-AD_Scarce_Q-001_11h_19,5mm_4,88g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!82 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Antioch, RIC VI 167c, AE-2 Follis, A/*//ANT, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate bust right.
revers:- SOLI IN VICTO, Sol, rad., stg. l. in long robe, r. raised, l. holding head of Serapis. In left field A, * in right field.
exerg: A/*//ANT, diameter: 19,5mm, weight: 4,88g, axes: 11h,
mint: Antioch, date: 312 A.D., ref: RIC VI 167c, p-644, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-INVI-CTO-COMITI_F-T_PLG_RIC-VI-16-p-123_Lugdunum_1st_-off__309-10-AD_R_Q-001_6h_21,5-24,5mm_3,81g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 016, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLG, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!80 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Lugdunum, RIC VII 016, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PLG, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, Rare!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS P F AVG 1a, C, Laurate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVIC TO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, rising right hand, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: F/T//PLG, diameter: 21,5-24,5mm, weight: 3.81g, axis: 6h,
mint: Lugdunum, 1st.-off., date: 309-310-A.D., ref:RIC VII 016, p-123, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-INVI-CTO-COMITI_RX-F_R-T_RIC-VII-27-p-299_3rd-off_313-AD_Q-001_axis-4h_20,5-21,5mm_3,49g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, R/X/F//RT, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left,303 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Rome, RIC VII 027, AE-3 Follis, R/X/F//RT, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left,
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
revers:- SOLI INVI CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe and raising right hand, R over X in left field, F in right field.
exerg: R/X/F//RT, diameter: 20,5-21,5mm, weight: 3,49g, axes: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 313 A.D., ref: RIC VII 27, p-299,
Q-00
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-INVI-CTO-COMITI_ST_RIC-VI-133-p-360_Ticinum_1st_-off__313-AD__Q-001_axis-7h_20-22mm_3_60g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI 133, AE-2 Follis, -/-//ST, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head facing, Scarce !266 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 133, AE-2 Follis, -/-//ST, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head facing, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS P F AVG 1a, C, Laurate, cuirassed head right.
revers:- SOLI INVI CTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head facing, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: -/-//ST, diameter: 20-22mm, weight: 3.60g, axis: 7h,
mint: Ticinum_1st.-off., date: 312-313-A.D., ref:RIC VI 133, p-298, Scarce !
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG-_SOLI-INVICTO-COMITI-_RIC-VI-893_Trier_-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_20-22,5mm_3,87g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI ???, AE-3 Follis, -/-//--, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Radiate Sol head right, Not in RIC !!!, R!!!420 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VI ???, AE-3 Follis, -/-//--, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Radiate Sol head right, Not in RIC !!!, R!!!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, draped bust right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 20-22,5mm, weight: 3,87g, axis: 6h,
mint: Ticinum !!!, date: 310-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-???, Not in RIC !!!, R!!!
RIC VI, TICINUM [before 115], CONSTANTINE, UNLISTED ISSUE [SOLI INVICTO COMITI]
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/notinric/6tic-115_unm3.html
Q-001
quadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-Follis_IMP-CONSTANTINVS-PF-AVG_SOLI-INVI-CTO-COMITI_star_PT_RIC-VII-8-p-361_Ticinum_1st_-off__313-AD_R2_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 008, AE-2 Follis, */-//PT, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, R2!!112 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Ticinum, RIC VII 008, AE-2 Follis, */-//PT, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, R2!!
avers:-IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG (1, B5), Laurate, cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVIC TO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, rising right hand, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: */-//PT, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Ticinum, 1st.-off., date: 313-A.D., ref:RIC VII 8, p-361, R2!!
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I_RIC-VII-Not_in-_0h_23-24mm_4,24g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!76 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 866a, AE-3 Follis, T/F//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVI CTO COMITI, Sol radiated standing left, rising right hand, holding globe in left hand,chlamys across left shoulder.
exerg: T/F//PTR, diameter: 23-24mm, weight: 4,24g, axes: 0h,
mint: Treveri, date: 310-313 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-866a, p-226, Scarce!
Q-001
quadrans
136_Constantinus_I__Trier_RIC_VI_899,_AE-Red-Follis_CONSTANTINVS_AVG,_SOLI_IN_VICTO,_PTR,_p-,_310-11-AD,_Q-001,_h,_17-18,5mm,_g-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 899, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PTR, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!132 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VI 899, AE-3 Follis, -/-//PTR, SOLI INVICTO, Sol radiated standing left, Scarce!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVI CTO, Sol radiated standing left, raising right hand, holding the globe in left hand, chlamys across left shoulder.
exerg: -/-//PTR, diameter: 17,0-18,5mm, weight: g, axes: ,
mint: Treveri, date: 310-311 A.D., ref: RIC-VI-899, p-, Scarce!
Q-001
4 commentsquadrans
Constantinus-I__AE-3_CONSTANTINVS-P-F-AVG-(1dB4)_SOLI-INVICTO-COMITI_T-F_PTR_RIC-VII-41-p-168_Trier_313-5-AD_R5_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 042, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, R3!210 views136 Constantinus I. (306-309 A.D. Caesar, 309-910 A.D. Filius Augustorum, 307-337 A.D. Augustus), Trier, RIC VII 042, AE-2 Follis, F/T//PTR, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, R3!
avers:- CONSTANTINVS P F AVG (1d,B5), Laurate, and cuirassed bust right.
revers:- SOLI INVIC TO COMITI, Sol radiate, head left, rising right hand, chlamys over left shoulder, and hanging behind, across the right shoulder, holding up globe left hand.
exerg: F/T//PTR, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Trier, 1st.-off., date: 313-315-A.D., ref:RIC-VII-42, p-168, R3!
Q-001
quadrans
LarryW1833.jpg
140 Marcian, AD 450-45764 viewsGold solidus, 20.8mm, 4.48g, brilliant, gEF
Struck at Constantinople
D N MARCIA-NVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly to right, holding spear and shield decorated with horseman spearing a fallen enemy / VICTORI-A AVCCC Z, Victory standing half left holding a long jeweled cross resting on ground, star in right field, CON OB in exergue
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forum Ancient Coins
DOC 481; RIC 510; Sear 4322v
Lawrence Woolslayer
St.Helena.jpg
1401a, St. Helena, Augusta 8 November 324 - 328 to 330 A.D., mother of Constantine the Great97 viewsBronze AE 3, RIC 148, VF, Alexandria mint, 3.243g, 19.4mm, 165o, 327 - 328 A.D. Obverse: FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing double necklace; Reverse: SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE, Securitas holding branch downward in right and lifting fold of robe in left, wreath left, I right, SMAL in exergue; rare.

The mother of Constantine the Great, born about the middle of the third century, possibly in Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) on the Nicomedian Gulf; died about 330. She was of humble parentage; St. Ambrose, in his "Oratio de obitu Theodosii", referred to her as a stabularia, or inn-keeper. Nevertheless, she became the lawful wife of Constantius Chlorus. Her first and only son, Constantine, was born in Naissus in Upper Moesia, in the year 274. The statement made by English chroniclers of the Middle Ages, according to which Helena was supposed to have been the daughter of a British prince, is entirely without historical foundation. It may arise from the misinterpretation of a term used in the fourth chapter of the panegyric on Constantine's marriage with Fausta, that Constantine, oriendo (i. e., "by his beginnings," "from the outset") had honoured Britain, which was taken as an allusion to his birth, whereas the reference was really to the beginning of his reign.

On the death of Constantius Chlorus, in 308, Constantine, who succeeded him, summoned his mother to the imperial court, conferred on her the title of Augusta, ordered that all honour should be paid her as the mother of the sovereign, and had coins struck bearing her effigy. Her son's influence caused her to embrace Christianity after his victory over Maxentius. This is directly attested by Eusebius (Vita Constantini, III, xlvii): "She (his mother) became under his (Constantine's) influence such a devout servant of God, that one might believe her to have been from her very childhood a disciple of the Redeemer of mankind". It is also clear from the declaration of the contemporary historian of the Church that Helena, from the time of her conversion had an earnestly Christian life and by her influence and liberality favoured the wider spread of Christianity. Tradition links her name with the building of Christian churches in the cities of the West, where the imperial court resided, notably at Rome and Trier, and there is no reason for rejecting this tradition, for we know positively through Eusebius that Helena erected churches on the hallowed spots of Palestine. Despite her advanced age she undertook a journey to Palestine when Constantine, through his victory over Licinius, had become sole master of the Roman Empire, subsequently, therefore, to the year 324. It was in Palestine, as we learn from Eusebius (loc. cit., xlii), that she had resolved to bring to God, the King of kings, the homage and tribute of her devotion. She lavished on that land her bounties and good deeds, she "explored it with remarkable discernment", and "visited it with the care and solicitude of the emperor himself". Then, when she "had shown due veneration to the footsteps of the Saviour", she had two churches erected for the worship of God: one was raised in Bethlehem near the Grotto of the Nativity, the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem. She also embellished the sacred grotto with rich ornaments. This sojourn in Jerusalem proved the starting-point of the legend first recorded by Rufinus as to the discovery of the Cross of Christ.

Constantine I, in 327, improved Drepanum, his mother's native town, and decreed that it should be called Helenopolis, it is probable that the latter returned from Palestine to her son who was then residing in the Orient. Constantine was with her when she died, at the advanced age of eighty years or thereabouts (Eusebius, "Vita Const.", III, xlvi). This must have been about the year 330, for the last coins which are known to have been stamped with her name bore this date. Her body was brought to Constantinople and laid to rest in the imperial vault of the church of the Apostles. It is presumed that her remains were transferred in 849 to the Abbey of Hautvillers, in the French Archdiocese of Reims, as recorded by the monk Altmann in his "Translatio". She was revered as a saint, and the veneration spread, early in the ninth century, even to Western countries. Her feast falls on 18 August.

(See The Catholic Encyclopedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07202b.htm)

Cleisthenes
Julian2VotXConstantinople.jpg
1409a, Julian II "the Philosopher," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.143 viewsJulian II, A.D. 360-363; RIC 167; VF; 2.7g, 20mm; Constantinople mint; Obverse: DN FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted & cuirassed bust right, holding spear & shield; Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX in four lines within wreath; CONSPB in exergue; Attractive green patina. Ex Nemesis.


De Imperatoribus Romanis,
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors

Julian the Apostate (360-363 A.D.)

Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
Michael DiMaio, Jr., Salve Regina University

Introduction

The emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus reigned from 360 to 26 June 363, when he was killed fighting against the Persians. Despite his short rule, his emperorship was pivotal in the development of the history of the later Roman empire. This essay is not meant to be a comprehensive look at the various issues central to the reign of Julian and the history of the later empire. Rather, this short work is meant to be a brief history and introduction for the general reader. Julian was the last direct descendent of the Constantinian line to ascend to the purple, and it is one of history's great ironies that he was the last non-Christian emperor. As such, he has been vilified by most Christian sources, beginning with John Chrysostom and Gregory Nazianzus in the later fourth century. This tradition was picked up by the fifth century Eusebian continuators Sozomen, Socrates Scholasticus, and Theodoret and passed on to scholars down through the 20th century. Most contemporary sources, however, paint a much more balanced picture of Julian and his reign. The adoption of Christianity by emperors and society, while still a vital concern, was but one of several issues that concerned Julian.

It is fortunate that extensive writings from Julian himself exist, which help interpret his reign in the light of contemporary evidence. Still extant are some letters, several panegyrics, and a few satires. Other contemporary sources include the soldier Ammianus Marcellinus' history, correspondence between Julian and Libanius of Antioch, several panegyrics, laws from the Theodosian Code, inscriptions, and coinage. These sources show Julian's emphasis on restoration. He saw himself as the restorer of the traditional values of Roman society. Of course much of this was rhetoric, meant to defend Julian against charges that he was a usurper. At the same time this theme of restoration was central to all emperors of the fourth century. Julian thought that he was the one emperor who could regain what was viewed as the lost glory of the Roman empire. To achieve this goal he courted select groups of social elites to get across his message of restoration. This was the way that emperors functioned in the fourth century. By choosing whom to include in the sharing of power, they sought to shape society.

Early Life

Julian was born at Constantinople in 331. His father was Julius Constantius, half-brother of the emperor Constantine through Constantius Chlorus, and his mother was Basilina, Julius' second wife. Julian had two half-brothers via Julius' first marriage. One of these was Gallus, who played a major role in Julian's life. Julian appeared destined for a bright future via his father's connection to the Constantinian house. After many years of tense relations with his three half-brothers, Constantine seemed to have welcomed them into the fold of the imperial family. From 333 to 335, Constantine conferred a series of honors upon his three half-siblings, including appointing Julius Constantius as one of the consuls for 335. Julian's mother was equally distinguished. Ammianus related that she was from a noble family. This is supported by Libanius, who claimed that she was the daughter of Julius Julianus, a Praetorian Prefect under Licinius, who was such a model of administrative virtue that he was pardoned and honored by Constantine.

Despite the fact that his mother died shortly after giving birth to him, Julian experienced an idyllic early childhood. This ended when Constantius II conducted a purge of many of his relatives shortly after Constantine's death in 337, particularly targeting the families of Constantine's half-brothers. ulian and Gallus were spared, probably due to their young age. Julian was put under the care of Mardonius, a Scythian eunuch who had tutored his mother, in 339, and was raised in the Greek philosophical tradition, and probably lived in Nicomedia. Ammianus also supplied the fact that while in Nicomedia, Julian was cared for by the local bishop Eusebius, of whom the future emperor was a distant relation. Julian was educated by some of the most famous names in grammar and rhetoric in the Greek world at that time, including Nicocles and Hecebolius. In 344 Constantius II sent Julian and Gallus to Macellum in Cappadocia, where they remained for six years. In 351, Gallus was made Caesar by Constantius II and Julian was allowed to return to Nicomedia, where he studied under Aedesius, Eusebius, and Chrysanthius, all famed philosophers, and was exposed to the Neo-Platonism that would become such a prominent part of his life. But Julian was most proud of the time he spent studying under Maximus of Ephesus, a noted Neo-Platonic philospher and theurgist. It was Maximus who completed Julian's full-scale conversion to Neo-Platonism. Later, when he was Caesar, Julian told of how he put letters from this philosopher under his pillows so that he would continue to absorb wisdom while he slept, and while campaigning on the Rhine, he sent his speeches to Maximus for approval before letting others hear them. When Gallus was executed in 354 for treason by Constantius II, Julian was summoned to Italy and essentially kept under house arrest at Comum, near Milan, for seven months before Constantius' wife Eusebia convinced the emperor that Julian posed no threat. This allowed Julian to return to Greece and continue his life as a scholar where he studied under the Neo-Platonist Priscus. Julian's life of scholarly pursuit, however, ended abruptly when he was summoned to the imperial court and made Caesar by Constantius II on 6 November 355.

Julian as Caesar

Constantius II realized an essential truth of the empire that had been evident since the time of the Tetrarchy--the empire was too big to be ruled effectively by one man. Julian was pressed into service as Caesar, or subordinate emperor, because an imperial presence was needed in the west, in particular in the Gallic provinces. Julian, due to the emperor's earlier purges, was the only viable candidate of the imperial family left who could act as Caesar. Constantius enjoined Julian with the task of restoring order along the Rhine frontier. A few days after he was made Caesar, Julian was married to Constantius' sister Helena in order to cement the alliance between the two men. On 1 December 355, Julian journeyed north, and in Augusta Taurinorum he learned that Alamannic raiders had destroyed Colonia Agrippina. He then proceeded to Vienne where he spent the winter. At Vienne, he learned that Augustudunum was also under siege, but was being held by a veteran garrison. He made this his first priority, and arrived there on 24 June 356. When he had assured himself that the city was in no immediate danger, he journeyed to Augusta Treverorum via Autessioduram, and from there to Durocortorum where he rendezvoused with his army. Julian had the army stage a series of punitive strikes around the Dieuse region, and then he moved them towards the Argentoratum/Mongontiacum region when word of barbarian incursions reached him.

From there, Julian moved on to Colonia Agrippina, and negotiated a peace with the local barbarian leaders who had assaulted the city. He then wintered at Senonae. He spent the early part of the campaigning season of 357 fighting off besiegers at Senonae, and then conducting operations around Lugdunum and Tres Tabernae. Later that summer, he encountered his watershed moment as a military general. Ammianus went into great detail about Julian's victory over seven rogue Alamannic chieftains near Argentoratum, and Julian himself bragged about it in his later writing. After this battle, the soldiers acclaimed Julian Augustus, but he rejected this title. After mounting a series of follow-up raids into Alamannic territory, he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia, and on the way defeated some Frankish raiders in the Mosa region. Julian considered this campaign one of the major events of his time as Caesar.

Julian began his 358 military campaigns early, hoping to catch the barbarians by surprise. His first target was the Franks in the northern Rhine region. He then proceeded to restore some forts in the Mosa region, but his soldiers threatened to mutiny because they were on short rations and had not been paid their donative since Julian had become Caesar. After he soothed his soldiers, Julian spent the rest of the summer negotiating a peace with various Alamannic leaders in the mid and lower Rhine areas, and retired to winter quarters at Lutetia. In 359, he prepared once again to carry out a series of punitive expeditions against the Alamanni in the Rhine region who were still hostile to the Roman presence. In preparation, the Caesar repopulated seven previously destroyed cities and set them up as supply bases and staging areas. This was done with the help of the people with whom Julian had negotiated a peace the year before. Julian then had a detachment of lightly armed soldiers cross the Rhine near Mogontiacum and conduct a guerilla strike against several chieftains. As a result of these campaigns, Julian was able to negotiate a peace with all but a handful of the Alamannic leaders, and he retired to winter quarters at Lutetia.

Of course, Julian did more than act as a general during his time as Caesar. According to Ammianus, Julian was an able administrator who took steps to correct the injustices of Constantius' appointees. Ammianus related the story of how Julian prevented Florentius, the Praetorian Prefect of Gaul, from raising taxes, and also how Julian actually took over as governor for the province of Belgica Secunda. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, supported Ammianus' basic assessment of Julian in this regard when he reported that Julian was an able representative of the emperor to the Gallic provincials. There is also epigraphic evidence to support Julian's popularity amongst the provincial elites. An inscription found near Beneventum in Apulia reads:
"To Flavius Claudius Julianus, most noble and sanctified Caesar, from the caring Tocius Maximus, vir clarissimus, for the care of the res publica from Beneventum".

Tocius Maximus, as a vir clarissimus, was at the highest point in the social spectrum and was a leader in his local community. This inscription shows that Julian was successful in establishing a positive image amongst provincial elites while he was Caesar.

Julian Augustus

In early 360, Constantius, driven by jealousy of Julian's success, stripped Julian of many troops and officers, ostensibly because the emperor needed them for his upcoming campaign against the Persians. One of the legions ordered east, the Petulantes, did not want to leave Gaul because the majority of the soldiers in the unit were from this region. As a result they mutinied and hailed Julian as Augustus at Lutetia. Julian refused this acclamation as he had done at Argentoratum earlier, but the soldiers would have none of his denial. They raised him on a shield and adorned him with a neck chain, which had formerly been the possession of the standard-bearer of the Petulantes and symbolized a royal diadem. Julian appeared reluctantly to acquiesce to their wishes, and promised a generous donative. The exact date of his acclamation is unknown, but most scholars put it in February or March. Julian himself supported Ammianus' picture of a jealous Constantius. In his Letter to the Athenians, a document constructed to answer charges that he was a usurper, Julian stated that from the start he, as Caesar, had been meant as a figurehead to the soldiers and provincials. The real power he claimed lay with the generals and officials already present in Gaul. In fact, according to Julian, the generals were charged with watching him as much as the enemy. His account of the actual acclamation closely followed what Ammianus told us, but he stressed even more his reluctance to take power. Julian claimed that he did so only after praying to Zeus for guidance.

Fearing the reaction of Constantius, Julian sent a letter to his fellow emperor justifying the events at Lutetia and trying to arrange a peaceful solution. This letter berated Constantius for forcing the troops in Gaul into an untenable situation. Ammianus stated that Julian's letter blamed Constantius' decision to transfer Gallic legions east as the reason for the soldiers' rebellion. Julian once again asserted that he was an unwilling participant who was only following the desire of the soldiers. In both of these basic accounts Ammianus and Julian are playing upon the theme of restoration. Implicit in their version of Julian's acclamation is the argument that Constantius was unfit to rule. The soldiers were the vehicle of the gods' will. The Letter to the Athenians is full of references to the fact that Julian was assuming the mantle of Augustus at the instigation of the gods. Ammianus summed up this position nicely when he related the story of how, when Julian was agonizing over whether to accept the soldiers' acclamation, he had a dream in which he was visited by the Genius (guardian spirit) of the Roman state. The Genius told Julian that it had often tried to bestow high honors upon Julian but had been rebuffed. Now, the Genius went on to say, was Julian's final chance to take the power that was rightfully his. If the Caesar refused this chance, the Genius would depart forever, and both Julian and the state would rue Julian's rejection. Julian himself wrote a letter to his friend Maximus of Ephesus in November of 361 detailing his thoughts on his proclamation. In this letter, Julian stated that the soldiers proclaimed him Augustus against his will. Julian, however, defended his accession, saying that the gods willed it and that he had treated his enemies with clemency and justice. He went on to say that he led the troops in propitiating the traditional deities, because the gods commanded him to return to the traditional rites, and would reward him if he fulfilled this duty.

During 360 an uneasy peace simmered between the two emperors. Julian spent the 360 campaigning season continuing his efforts to restore order along the Rhine, while Constantius continued operations against the Persians. Julian wintered in Vienne, and celebrated his Quinquennalia. It was at this time that his wife Helena died, and he sent her remains to Rome for a proper burial at his family villa on the Via Nomentana where the body of her sister was entombed. The uneasy peace held through the summer of 361, but Julian concentrated his military operations around harassing the Alamannic chieftain Vadomarius and his allies, who had concluded a peace treaty with Constantius some years earlier. By the end of the summer, Julian decided to put an end to the waiting and gathered his army to march east against Constantius. The empire teetered on the brink of another civil war. Constantius had spent the summer negotiating with the Persians and making preparations for possible military action against his cousin. When he was assured that the Persians would not attack, he summoned his army and sallied forth to meet Julian. As the armies drew inexorably closer to one another, the empire was saved from another bloody civil war when Constantius died unexpectedly of natural causes on 3 November near the town of Mopsucrenae in Cilicia, naming Julian -- the sources say-- as his legitimate successor.

Julian was in Dacia when he learned of his cousin's death. He made his way through Thrace and came to Constantinople on 11 December 361 where Julian honored the emperor with the funeral rites appropriate for a man of his station. Julian immediately set about putting his supporters in positions of power and trimming the imperial bureaucracy, which had become extremely overstaffed during Constantius' reign. Cooks and barbers had increased during the late emperor's reign and Julian expelled them from his court. Ammianus gave a mixed assessment of how the new emperor handled the followers of Constantius. Traditionally, emperors were supposed to show clemency to the supporters of a defeated enemy. Julian, however, gave some men over to death to appease the army. Ammianus used the case of Ursulus, Constantius' comes sacrum largitionum, to illustrate his point. Ursulus had actually tried to acquire money for the Gallic troops when Julian had first been appointed Caesar, but he had also made a disparaging remark about the ineffectiveness of the army after the battle of Amida. The soldiers remembered this, and when Julian became sole Augustus, they demanded Ursulus' head. Julian obliged, much to the disapproval of Ammianus. This seems to be a case of Julian courting the favor of the military leadership, and is indicative of a pattern in which Julian courted the goodwill of various societal elites to legitimize his position as emperor.

Another case in point is the officials who made up the imperial bureaucracy. Many of them were subjected to trial and punishment. To achieve this goal, during the last weeks of December 361 Julian assembled a military tribunal at Chalcedon, empanelling six judges to try the cases. The president of the tribunal was Salutius, just promoted to the rank of Praetorian Prefect; the five other members were Mamertinus, the orator, and four general officers: Jovinus, Agilo, Nevitta, and Arbetio. Relative to the proceedings of the tribunal, Ammianus noted that the judges, " . . . oversaw the cases more vehemently than was right or fair, with the exception of a few . . .." Ammianus' account of Julian's attempt at reform of the imperial bureaucracy is supported by legal evidence from the Theodosian Code. A series of laws sent to Mamertinus, Julian's appointee as Praetorian Prefect in Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, illustrate this point nicely. On 6 June 362, Mamertinus received a law that prohibited provincial governors from bypassing the Vicars when giving their reports to the Prefect. Traditionally, Vicars were given civil authority over a group of provinces, and were in theory meant to serve as a middle step between governors and Prefects. This law suggests that the Vicars were being left out, at least in Illyricum. Julian issued another edict to Mamertinus on 22 February 362 to stop abuse of the public post by governors. According to this law, only Mamertinus could issue post warrants, but the Vicars were given twelve blank warrants to be used as they saw fit, and each governor was given two. Continuing the trend of bureaucratic reform, Julian also imposed penalties on governors who purposefully delayed appeals in court cases they had heard. The emperor also established a new official to weigh solidi used in official government transactions to combat coin clipping.

For Julian, reigning in the abuses of imperial bureaucrats was one step in restoring the prestige of the office of emperor. Because he could not affect all elements of society personally, Julian, like other Neo-Flavian emperors, decided to concentrate on select groups of societal elites as intercessors between himself and the general populace. One of these groups was the imperial bureaucracy. Julian made it very clear that imperial officials were intercessors in a very real sense in a letter to Alypius, Vicar of Britain. In this letter, sent from Gaul sometime before 361, the emperor praises Alypius for his use of "mildness and moderation with courage and force" in his rule of the provincials. Such virtues were characteristic of the emperors, and it was good that Alypius is representing Julian in this way. Julian courted the army because it put him in power. Another group he sought to include in his rule was the traditional Senatorial aristocracy. One of his first appointments as consul was Claudius Mamertinus, a Gallic Senator and rhetorician. Mamertinus' speech in praise of Julian delivered at Constantinople in January of 362 is preserved. In this speech, Claudius presented his consular selection as inaugurating a new golden age and Julian as the restorer of the empire founded by Augustus. The image Mamertinus gave of his own consulate inaugurating a new golden age is not merely formulaic. The comparison of Julian to Augustus has very real, if implicit, relevance to Claudius' situation. Claudius emphasized the imperial period as the true age of renewal. Augustus ushered in a new era with his formation of a partnership between the emperor and the Senate based upon a series of honors and offices bestowed upon the Senate in return for their role as intercessor between emperor and populace. It was this system that Julian was restoring, and the consulate was one concrete example of this bond. To be chosen as a consul by the emperor, who himself had been divinely mandated, was a divine honor. In addition to being named consul, Mamertinus went on to hold several offices under Julian, including the Prefecture of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. Similarly, inscriptional evidence illustrates a link between municipal elites and Julian during his time as Caesar, something which continued after he became emperor. One concrete example comes from the municipal senate of Aceruntia in Apulia, which established a monument on which Julian is styled as "Repairer of the World."

Julian seems to have given up actual Christian belief before his acclamation as emperor and was a practitioner of more traditional Greco-Roman religious beliefs, in particular, a follower of certain late antique Platonist philosophers who were especially adept at theurgy as was noted earlier. In fact Julian himself spoke of his conversion to Neo-Platonism in a letter to the Alexandrians written in 363. He stated that he had abandoned Christianity when he was twenty years old and been an adherent of the traditional Greco-Roman deities for the twelve years prior to writing this letter.

(For the complete text of this article see: http://www.roman-emperors.org/julian.htm)

Julian’s Persian Campaign

The exact goals Julian had for his ill-fated Persian campaign were never clear. The Sassanid Persians, and before them the Parthians, had been a traditional enemy from the time of the Late Republic, and indeed Constantius had been conducting a war against them before Julian's accession forced the former to forge an uneasy peace. Julian, however, had no concrete reason to reopen hostilities in the east. Socrates Scholasticus attributed Julian's motives to imitation of Alexander the Great, but perhaps the real reason lay in his need to gather the support of the army. Despite his acclamation by the Gallic legions, relations between Julian and the top military officers was uneasy at best. A war against the Persians would have brought prestige and power both to Julian and the army.

Julian set out on his fateful campaign on 5 March 363. Using his trademark strategy of striking quickly and where least expected, he moved his army through Heirapolis and from there speedily across the Euphrates and into the province of Mesopotamia, where he stopped at the town of Batnae. His plan was to eventually return through Armenia and winter in Tarsus. Once in Mesopotamia, Julian was faced with the decision of whether to travel south through the province of Babylonia or cross the Tigris into Assyria, and he eventually decided to move south through Babylonia and turn west into Assyria at a later date. By 27 March, he had the bulk of his army across the Euphrates, and had also arranged a flotilla to guard his supply line along the mighty river. He then left his generals Procopius and Sebastianus to help Arsacius, the king of Armenia and a Roman client, to guard the northern Tigris line. It was also during this time that he received the surrender of many prominent local leaders who had nominally supported the Persians. These men supplied Julian with money and troops for further military action against their former masters. Julian decided to turn south into Babylonia and proceeded along the Euphrates, coming to the fortress of Cercusium at the junction of the Abora and Euphrates Rivers around the first of April, and from there he took his army west to a region called Zaitha near the abandoned town of Dura where they visited the tomb of the emperor Gordian which was in the area. On April 7 he set out from there into the heart of Babylonia and towards Assyria.

Ammianus then stated that Julian and his army crossed into Assyria, which on the face of things appears very confusing. Julian still seems to be operating within the province of Babylonia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The confusion is alleviated when one realizes that,for Ammianus, the region of Assyria encompassed the provinces of Babylonia and Assyria. On their march, Julian's forces took the fortress of Anatha, received the surrender and support of several more local princes, and ravaged the countryside of Assyria between the rivers. As the army continued south, they came across the fortresses Thilutha and Achaiachala, but these places were too well defended and Julian decided to leave them alone. Further south were the cities Diacira and Ozogardana, which the Roman forces sacked and burned. Soon, Julian came to Pirisabora and a brief siege ensued, but the city fell and was also looted and destroyed. It was also at this time that the Roman army met its first systematic resistance from the Persians. As the Romans penetrated further south and west, the local inhabitants began to flood their route. Nevertheless, the Roman forces pressed on and came to Maiozamalcha, a sizable city not far from Ctesiphon. After a short siege, this city too fell to Julian. Inexorably, Julian's forces zeroed in on Ctesiphon, but as they drew closer, the Persian resistance grew fiercer, with guerilla raids whittling at Julian's men and supplies. A sizable force of the army was lost and the emperor himself was almost killed taking a fort a few miles from the target city.
Finally, the army approached Ctesiphon following a canal that linked the Tigris and Euphrates. It soon became apparent after a few preliminary skirmishes that a protracted siege would be necessary to take this important city. Many of his generals, however, thought that pursuing this course of action would be foolish. Julian reluctantly agreed, but became enraged by this failure and ordered his fleet to be burned as he decided to march through the province of Assyria. Julian had planned for his army to live off the land, but the Persians employed a scorched-earth policy. When it became apparent that his army would perish (because his supplies were beginning to dwindle) from starvation and the heat if he continued his campaign, and also in the face of superior numbers of the enemy, Julian ordered a retreat on 16 June. As the Roman army retreated, they were constantly harassed by guerilla strikes. It was during one of these raids that Julian got caught up in the fighting and took a spear to his abdomen. Mortally wounded he was carried to his tent, where, after conferring with some of his officers, he died. The date was 26 June 363.

Conclusion

Thus an ignominious end for a man came about who had hoped to restore the glory of the Roman empire during his reign as emperor. Due to his intense hatred of Christianity, the opinion of posterity has not been kind to Julian. The contemporary opinion, however, was overall positive. The evidence shows that Julian was a complex ruler with a definite agenda to use traditional social institutions in order to revive what he saw as a collapsing empire. In the final assessment, he was not so different from any of the other emperors of the fourth century. He was a man grasping desperately to hang on to a Greco-Roman conception of leadership that was undergoing a subtle yet profound change.
Copyright (C) 2002, Walter E. Roberts and Michael DiMaio, Jr. Used by permission.

In reality, Julian worked to promote culture and philosophy in any manifestation. He tried to reduce taxes and the public debts of municipalities; he augmented administrative decentralisation; he promoted a campaign of austerity to reduce public expenditure (setting himself as the example). He reformed the postal service and eliminated the powerful secret police.
by Federico Morando; JULIAN II, The Apostate, http://www.forumancientcoins.com/NumisWiki/view.asp?key=Julian%20II

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D. Joseph Sermarini, FORVM.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.




2 commentsCleisthenes
image~3.jpg
15. Constans II44 viewsConstans II. 641-668.
AV Solidus (10mm, 4.43 g, 6h).
Carthage mint. Dated IY 2 (AD 643/4).
Crowned and draped facing bust, holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; ΔB (date)//CONOB.
DOC 107.2; MIB 566; SB 1029. Good VF, lightly toned.
From the Sasha Collection.
Ex-CNG
2 commentsSosius
Constans_II_Doc_26b.jpg
15. Constans II with Constantine IV18 viewsBYZANTINE
Constans II, with Constantine IV
641-668. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Const. mint, 3rd off. Struck 654-659.

O: Crowned facing busts of Constans, bearded, and Constantine, beardless; cross above

R: Cross potent on 3 steps; Γ//CONOBI. DOC 26b; MIB 28; SB 960. Near EF.
R: Cross potent on 3 steps; Γ//CONOBI.

DOC 26b; MIB 28; SB 960. Near EF.

Ex CNG
1 commentsSosius
Constans_II_Solidus.jpg
15. Constans II with Constantine IV8 viewsConstans II, with Constantine IV.
641-668.
AV Solidus (19mm, 4.32 g, 7h).
Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 654-659.

O: ∂ N CONSτA τINЧS C CONSτA, crowned and draped busts facing; cross between

R: VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; I//CONOB. DOC 25j; MIB 26; SB 959.

Good VF, graffiti on the reverse.

Ex CNG
Sosius
Constans_II_Solidus_2.jpg
15. Constans II with Constantine IV11 viewsConstans II, with Constantine IV.
641-668.
AV Solidus (19mm, 4.39 g, 7h).
Constantinople mint, 7th officina.
Struck 654-659.

O: ∂ N CONSτAτINЧS C CONSτ, crowned and draped busts facing; cross between

R: VICTORIA AVςЧ, cross potent set on three steps; Z (retrograde)//CONOB+.

DOC 27; MIB 27; SB 961. VF.

Ex CNG
Sosius
15-Constantine-I-Lon-RIC-8.jpg
15. Constantine I.21 viewsFollis, ca 313-314, London mint.
Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI ; S F in field / Sol standing, holding globe.
Mint mark: PLN in exergue.
4.00 gm., 22 mm.
RIC vol VII, #8; PBCC unlisted; Sear #16050.
Callimachus
LarryW1802.jpg
150 Leo I the Great, AD 457-474105 viewsGold solidus, 21.7mm, 4.50g, Mint State
Struck c. AD 462 or 466 at Constantinople
D N LEO PE—RPET AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, holding spear over right shoulder and shield with horseman motif on left arm / VICTORI—A AVCCC Θ, Victory standing half left holding long jeweled cross; star to right, CON OB in exg.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
RIC 605; DOC 528; MIRB 3b
2 commentsLawrence Woolslayer
RI_151n_img.jpg
151 - Maximinus II Daia - Follis - RIC VI Antioch 167b31 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– SOLI IN-VICTO, Sol standing left in long robe, right hand raised, left hand holding head of Serapis
Minted in Antioch (A | * // ANT). A.D. 312
Reference(s) – RIC VI Antioch 167b
2 commentsmaridvnvm
154a.jpg
154a Theodosous II. AV solidus27 viewsobv: DN THEODOSI_VS P.F. AVG pearl dia. helm. and cuir. bust facing slightly r., holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman
rev: IMP XXXXII.COS XVII.P.P. Constantinopolis enthrone l., with l. foot on prow, holding globus cruciger and scepter, shield at side star l.
ex: COMOB
hill132
RI 155j img.jpg
155 - Licinius - RIC VII Rome 03019 viewsObv:– IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe and raising right hand
Minted in Rome (R over X in left field, F in right field, RP in exe.). A.D. 314-315
References:– RIC VII Rome 30
maridvnvm
155.jpg
155 Valentinian III. AV solidus 4.5gm20 viewsobv: DN PLA VALENTI_ANVS PF AV ros.dia. drp. nd cuir. bust r.
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG emp. std. holding long cross and victory on globe, foot on head of human headed coiled serpent
ex: R-V//COMOB
hill132
156.jpg
156 Marcian. AV solidus 4.6gm16 viewsobv: DN MARCIA_NVS PF AVG helm. dia. and cuir. bust facing slightly r., holding spear over shoulder and shield on arm
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG Victory holding long cross, star in r. field
ex:-I//CONOB
hill132
157.jpg
157 Leo I. AV solidus 4.5gm13 viewsobv: DN LEO PE_RPET AVG dia. elm. and cuir. three quarter facing bust, holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG Victory std. l. holding long jeweled cross, star in r. field
ex: H/CONOB
hill132
158.jpg
158 Zeno. AV solidus 4.5gm13 viewsobv: DN ZENO PERP AVG helm. dia. cuir. three quarter facing bust, spear over r. shoulder, shield with horseman
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG Victory std. l. holding long jeweled cross, star in r. field
ex: (delta)//CONOB
hill132
159.jpg
159 Basiliscus. AV solidus 4.4gm18 viewsobv: DN BASILIS_CV PP AVG pearl dia. helm. three quarter facing bust. r., holding spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman
rev: VICTORI_A AVGGG victory std. l. holding long cross, star in r. field
ex: CONOB
hill132
16-Crispus-Lon-RIC-113.jpg
16. Crispus.20 viewsFollis, 317, London mint.
Obverse: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES / Laureate, draped, and cuirrassed bust of Crispus, right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, holding globe. S P in field.
Mint mark: PLN
3.30 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #113; PBCC #72; Sear #16718.

Minted near the end of the Soli coinage, this is an example of the first coinage minted in London to portray the new Caesar, Crispus. A very rare coin: the listing in RIC is based on a single coin in Vienna.
Callimachus
RI_160ex_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI London 121a31 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London (T | F / PLN) A.D. Autumn A.D. 310
Reference(s) – RIC VI London 121a
maridvnvm
RI_160fi_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI London 121a28 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London (T | F / PLN) A.D. Autumn A.D. 310
Reference(s) – RIC VI London 121a

2.84 gms. 23-26mm
maridvnvm
RI_160fh_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI London 121a24 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London (T | F / PLN) A.D. Autumn A.D. 310
Reference(s) – RIC VI London 121a

4.46 gms. 22mm
maridvnvm
RI_160el_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum -48 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum (F | T / PLC).
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum -. Bastien -.

4.76 gms. 0 degrees. 22.77 mm.

Not known with this obverse legend.
maridvnvm
RI_160ek_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 31051 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum (F | T / PLC).
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310
maridvnvm
RI_160dw_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Lugdunum 312 20 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol advancing left, raising right hand, holding whip in left hand
Minted in Lugdunum (F | T / PLG). Spring A.D. 310 - 311
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 312 (Rated Scarce). Bastien XI 528 (28 examples)
3.32g. 24.26mm
maridvnvm
RI_160ed_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 87031 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 870
maridvnvm
RI_160dq_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 873 40 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTI COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 873

Weight 4.32g. 23.73mm.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160ee_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 87322 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 873
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160ef_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VI Trier 87318 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 873
maridvnvm
RI_160eo_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Arles 08027 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Arles (T / * | F / SARL).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 80 (Rated S)
maridvnvm
RI_160en_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Arles 15016 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVI-CTO COMITI, Sol standing right, head left, holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in Arles (C | S / PARL).
Reference:– RIC VII Arles 150 (Rated S)
maridvnvm
RI_160ep_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII London 14919 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in London (Crescent | * / PLN).
Reference:– RIC VII London 149 (Rated R4)
maridvnvm
RI_160dr_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII London 28025 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTI COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in London (* | _ / PLN).
Reference:– RIC VII London 280

Weight 3.55g. 20.79mm.
maridvnvm
RI_160ec_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Lugdunum 0312 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped cuirassed bust right (see from rear)
Rev:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLG), A.D. 322-323
Reference:– Bastien XI 540. RIC VII Lugdunum 3 (Rated Scarce)
maridvnvm
RI_160dt_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Lugdunum 0510 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC). A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– Bastien XI 543 (245 examples). RIC VII Lugdunum 5
maridvnvm
RI_160dn_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Lugdunum 5312 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (A | S / PLG).
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 53

Weight 3.29g. 19.13mm.
maridvnvm
RI_160em_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Ticinum 314 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in Ticinum (// TT).
Reference:– RIC VII Ticinum 3 (Rated R2)
maridvnvm
RI_160ds_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 10420 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTI COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T | F / ATR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 104

Weight 3.65g. 20.62mm.
maridvnvm
RI_160er_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 10519 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 105
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160gk_img~0.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 10521 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / ATR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 105

Weight 3.19g. 19.95mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160do_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 105 var31 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right (spread coak)
Minted in Trier (T | F / ATR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 105 var (Spread chlamys rather than over shoulder as on 105)

Weight 3.45g. 20.36mm.
maridvnvm
RI_160eh_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 12814 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 128 (Rated R4)
maridvnvm
RI_160fa_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 13223 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe, chlamys spread over both shoulders.
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR)
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 132
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160ei_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 13212 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 132
maridvnvm
RI_160eg_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 13512 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / .ATR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 135
maridvnvm
RI_160ej_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 13512 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left hand and raising right, chlamys spread across both shoulders
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR).
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 135
maridvnvm
RI_160fb_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - Follis - RIC VII Trier 16222 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe,.
Minted in Trier (F | T / .ATR)
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 162 (R4).
maridvnvm
RI 160co img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum -28 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol walking left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum - (Unlisted reverse type variation). Bastien 529 (4 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160cg img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 30910 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309
maridvnvm
RI 160cf img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 30910 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309. Bastien XI 525 (14 example cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160cb img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 309 13 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from front
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 309. Bastien XI 525 (14 example cited)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160aj img~0.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 31050 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310
maridvnvm
RI 160ax img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 31021 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVI-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310
maridvnvm
RI 160by img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 31031 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310
maridvnvm
RI 160bd img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Lugdunum 310 14 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. F in left field, T in right field, PLC in exe. A.D. 309 - 310
Reference:– RIC VI Lugdunum 310

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI 160bc img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VI Trier 87332 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Trier (T | F / PTR).
Reference:– RIC VI Trier 873
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI_160df_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII London -26 viewsObv:- IMP CONSTANTINVS AG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left etc.
Minted in London (S|P/MLN)
Ref:- RIC VII London Unlisted. Note AG instead of AVG.
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 160ad img.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII London 00648 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London. S in left field, F in right field; PLN in exe. A.D. 313 - 314
Reference:– RIC VII London 6 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI_160dg_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII London 7028 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London S | P / MSL
Reference:– RIC VII London 70 (R4)
Martin Griffiths
RI 160bp img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 00210 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (rear)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 312
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 2 (R1). Bastien XI 538 (6 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160bl img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0035 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INV-IC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 313-314
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 3 (S). Bastien XI 540 (155 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160au img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 00412 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 313-314
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 4 (R1). Bastien XI 541 (54 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160bf img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0048 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INV-I-C-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum (S | F / PLC), A.D. 313-314
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 4 (R1). Bastien XI 541 (54 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160ay img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0057 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (rear)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe in left hand, right hand high in salute
Minted in Lugdunum. S in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 313/4
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 5. Bastien XI 543 (245 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160ao img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 00730 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding globe in left hand, right hand high in salute
Minted in Lugdunum. S in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 313/4
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 7
maridvnvm
RI 160bx img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01514 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 15. Bastien XI 562
maridvnvm
RI 160cr img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0158 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 15. Bastien XI 562
maridvnvm
RI 160ca img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01626 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– SOLI INV-IC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 16 (Rated R4). Bastien XI ???
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160bw img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01723 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 17 (R1).
maridvnvm
RI 160as img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 01910 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from front)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 19 (R3)
maridvnvm
RI 160av img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 02014 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Lugdunum. T in left field, F in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 314-315
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 20
maridvnvm
RI 160at img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 03215 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (seen from rear)
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. TF in left field, * in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 32 (R1)
maridvnvm
RI 160cm img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0337 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. TF in left field, * in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 33 (R3). Bastien XI 594 (16 examples cited)
maridvnvm
RI 160bz img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 03422 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. TF in left field, * in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 34
maridvnvm
RI_160fn_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 03421 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. TF in left field, * in right field; PLG in exe. A.D. 315-316
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 34
maridvnvm
RI 160be img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Lugdunum 0536 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate bust right
Rev:– SOLI IN-VI-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Lugdunum. (A | S / PLC). (Bastien A.D. 315 to early A.D. 316)
Reference:– RIC VII Lugdunum 53. Bastien XI 609 (86 examples cited) but this example has an unlisted reverse legend break, Listed for INVIC-TO (normal) and rarely for INVI-CTO and INVI-C-TO.
maridvnvm
RI_160gk_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Rome 020 var36 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Rome (R | F / R * S). A.D. 314
Reference(s) – RIC VII Rome 20 var (Unlisted officina. Listed for P-R4, T-R5 and Q-R5 so not unexpected)

4.15 gms. 20.94 mm. 180 degrees
2 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160x img.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Ticinum 02140 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Ticinum. * in left field, S●T in exe. A.D. 314 - 315
Reference:– RIC VII Ticinum 21
maridvnvm
RI 160cl img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Ticinum 06814 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate cuirassed bust right
Rev:–. SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in Ticinum (P | _ / TT).
Reference:– RIC VII Ticinum 68 (S)
maridvnvm
RI_160dh_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10036 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 316
Reference:– RIC VII – Trier 100 (R5)
1 commentsMartin Griffiths
RI 160cu img~0.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10121 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 316
Reference(s) – RIC VII – Trier 101
maridvnvm
RI_160dj_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10127 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / ATR) A.D. 316
Reference:– RIC VII – Trier 101
Martin Griffiths
RI 160t img~0.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10244 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe.
Minted in Trier. T in left field, F in right field, BTR in exe.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 102
maridvnvm
RI 160ch img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10214 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe.
Minted in Trier. T in left field, F in right field, BTR in exe.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 102

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI 160ct img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 104 22 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 316
Reference(s) – RIC VII – Trier 104
maridvnvm
RI 160cy img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 104 23 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 316
Reference(s) – RIC VII – Trier 104
maridvnvm
RI 160cs img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10523 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe.
Minted in Trier. T in left field, F in right field, BTR in exe.
Reference:– RIC VII Trier 105
maridvnvm
RI_160dl_img.JPG
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 10543 viewsAe3
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T F / BTR) A.D.
RIC VII Trier 105
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160cv img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 12924 viewsObv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS P AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing right, holding right hand high in salute and globe, chlamys draped over both shoulders.
Minted in Trier (T in left field, F in right field, BTR in exe).
RIC VII Trier 129 (R5)
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160dd img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13116 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Trier (T | F / ●ATR) A.D. 317
Ref:– RIC VII – Trier 131 (R5)
maridvnvm
RI 160cp img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13114 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Trier (T | F / ●ATR) A.D. 317
Ref:– RIC VII – Trier 131 (R5)
maridvnvm
RI_160cw_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13214 viewsFollis
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right. (chlamys draped over both shoulders)
Minted in Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 317
Ref:– RIC VII – Trier 132
maridvnvm
RI 160cx img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13427 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right. (chlamys draped over both shoulders)
Mint – Trier (T | F / BTR) A.D. 317
Ref:– RIC VII – Trier 134 (R2)
maridvnvm
RI 160cq img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13516 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Minted in Trier (T | F / ●ATR) A.D. 317
Ref:– RIC VII – Trier 135

(SOLD)
maridvnvm
RI_160di_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 13529 viewsObv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right.
Mint – Trier (T | F / dot ATR) A.D. 316
Reference:– RIC VII – Trier 135
Martin Griffiths
RI_160gm_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier 16127 viewsFollis
Obv:– CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe,.
Minted in Trier (F | T / BTR) A.D. 317 - 318
Reference(s) – RIC VII Trier 161 (R4).

4.66 g. 20.58 mm. 180 degrees.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
RI 160bv img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great - RIC VII Trier unlisted (Note to Trier 127)34 viewsFollis
Obv:- IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right (Seen from the front, Bust B4)
Rev:- SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, holding right hand high in salute and globe
Minted in Trier (T | F / Dot ATR). A.D. 316
Reference:– RIC VII Trier - (RIC notes against Trier 127 that the Catalogue of the Gerin collection had a specimen with the Laur, dr & cuir bust right viewed from the front (bust B4) but not verified eslewhere.)
maridvnvm
RI_160gi_img.jpg
160 - Constantine the Great -AE3 - RIC VII Rome 33 19 viewsAE3
Obv:– IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI IN -VI-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right, chlamys across left shoulder
Minted in Rome (S | F //RP).
Reference:– RIC VII Rome 33 (C3).

Large flan. Residual golden toned silvering in the fields.

3.49 gms. 21.79 mm generally but 23.55 mm at the sprue
maridvnvm
LarryW1941.jpg
160 Tiberius II Constantine, AD 578-58242 viewsGold solidus, 23mm, 4.36g, gVF
Struck at Constantinople c. AD 579-582
D M Tib CONS-TANT PP AVI, bust facing, wears cuirass and crown with cross and pendilia, holds globus cruciger in right and shield decorated with horseman with left / VICTO(R)I-A AVCC Θ cross potent on four steps, CONOB in exegrue
Ex: Harlan Berk
DOC 4i; Sear 422; Berk 76
Lawrence Woolslayer
1637_-_1638_Charles_I_Twenty_pence.JPG
1625 - 1649, CHARLES I, AR Twenty Pence, Struck 1637 - 1638 at Edinburgh, Scotland22 viewsObverse: CAR•D:G•SCOT•ANG•FR•ET•HIB•R•. Crowned bust of Charles I, which goes to the edge of the coin, facing left, XX with a small lozenge above and below behind bust; small B (for Briot) below.
Reverse: IVSTITIA•THRONVM•FIRMAT• small B (off flan, for Briot) at end of legend. Thistle with Scottish crown above. The reverse legend translates as 'Justice strengthens the Throne'.
This coin was produced using Briot's new coining press during the third coinage period which ran from 1637 to 1642.
Diameter: 17mm | Weight: 0,8gms | Die Axis: 6
SPINK: 5581

Nicholas Briot, a Frenchman previously employed by the French and English mints, was appointed Master of the Scottish mint in August 1634. He was later joined by his son-in-law John Falconer, who succeeded him in 1646.
Briot's work was of the highest calibre, and his introduction of the mill and screw press gave the Scottish series of coins a technical excellence previously unknown.
After Briot's departure from Scotland in 1638 there was a rapid falling off from his high standard of workmanship. Although considerable use was made of Briot's punches for Falconer's third coinage issues, many of the dies were badly executed, and there was even more of a deterioration during the fourth coinage period which resulted in poorly produced coins of no artistic merit.

After his succession, Charles quarrelled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his own conscience. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, in particular the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch. His religious policies, coupled with his marriage to a Roman Catholic, generated the antipathy and mistrust of Reformed groups such as the English Puritans and the Scottish Covenanters, who thought his views were too Catholic. He supported high church Anglican ecclesiastics and his attempts to force the Church of Scotland to adopt high Anglican practices led to the Bishops' Wars, and helped precipitate his own downfall.
From 1642, Charles fought the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and after temporarily escaping captivity in November 1647, he was re-imprisoned on the Isle of Wight. Although Charles had managed to forge an alliance with Scotland, by the end of 1648 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army had consolidated its control over England and Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. The Parliament of Scotland however, proclaimed Charles I's son as King Charles II on the 5th of February 1649.
The political crisis in England that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy whereby Charles II was invited to return and, on the 29th of May 1660, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660 all Charles II's legal documents in Britain were dated from 1649, the year when he had succeeded his father as king in Scotland.
2 comments*Alex
RI 165r img.jpg
165 - Crispus - RIC VII London 115 15 viewsObv:– CRISPVS NOB CAES, Laureate, cuirassed bust right
Rev:– SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI, Sol standing left holding globe in left and raising right
Minted in London (S | P / PLN). A.D. 317
Reference(s) – RIC VII London 115 (R2)
maridvnvm
LarryW8000.jpg
165 Tiberius II Constantine, AD 578-58245 viewsGold solidus, 21mm, 4.41g, VF
Struck at Constantinople c. AD 579-582
D M Tib CONS-TANT PP AVI, bust facing, wears cuirass and crown with cross and pendilia, holds globus cruciger in right and shield decorated with horseman with left / VICTORI-A AVCC E cross potent on four steps, CONOB in exegrue
Ex: Beast Coins
DOC 4e; Sear 422; Berk 76
Lawrence Woolslayer
rjb_gallienus_1655_08_05.jpg
165515 viewsAntoninianus
Antioch
Issue 13
SOLI INVICTO
G 1655
mauseus
rjb_gallienus28_08_05.jpg
165916 viewsAntoninianus
Antioch
Issue 14
SOLI INVICTO
G 1659
mauseus
rjb_gallienus27_08_05.jpg
166322 viewsAntoninianus
Antioch
Issue 14
SOLI INVICTO
G 1663
mauseus
Louis XIV 1672 Prise de douze villes en Hollande.JPG
1672, Prise de douze villes en Hollande784 viewsObv. Draped and cuirassed bust right LVD MAG FRA ET NAV REX PP, CHERON on bust truncation.
Rev. The King in the guise of Sol, radiating light, seated right in a heavenly chariot pulled by three horses, surrounded by clouds. Around are aerlia views of twelve towns and forts captured in Holland SOLIS QVE LABORES on scroll above central design, the names of all twelve towns/forts around.

AE63. Engraved by Charles Jean Francois Cheron. ORIGINAL STRIKE, very rare.

Charles Jean Francois Cheron (1635-1698), one of the most distinguished artists of the school of Jean Warin, was born at Nancy and was trained by his father, Jean-Charles Cheron, engraver to Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Cheron went to Rome and became engraver of medals for Clement IX and Innocent X. Cheron's style in his Roman medals is of remarkable boldness, and his medals of Pope Clement IX and of Bernini are grandiloquent and among the finest Italian medals of the period. He returned to France in 1675 and was employed by Louis XIV at the Medal Mint at Paris for about twelve years, where he contributed several medals to the medallic series of the monarch, the Histoire Metallique. His medals are considered to be in an international baroque style.
11 commentsLordBest
LarryW8001.jpg
168 Constans II, AD 641-66834 viewsGold solidus, 18mm, 4.46g, aEF
Struck c. AD 659-662 at Constantinople
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and beardless Constantine IV, each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORI-A A-VGU Δ+, long cross on globus between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius, both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CoNoB in exergue. Obverse double struck, reverse flan mark in center.
Ex: Glenn Woods
Sear 963; DOC 29g var; MIB 30
Lawrence Woolslayer
17-Constantine-II-Lon-RIC-118.jpg
17. Constantine II.16 viewsFollis, 317, London mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C / Laureate bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, chlamys across left shoulder, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand. S P in field.
Mint mark: PLN
3.26 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #118; PBCC # 73; Sear #17142.
Callimachus
LarryW1929.jpg
170 Constans II, AD 641-66857 viewsGold solidus, 20.2mm, 4.48g, EF
Struck AD 661-663 at Constantinople
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and Constantine IV, beardless (on right), each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU H, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius, both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CoNoB in exergue.
Certificate of Authenticity by David R. Sear, ACCS
Sear 964; DOC 30g; Wroth 58; Tolstoi 304; Ratto 1606
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW8002.jpg
172 Constans II, AD 641-66838 viewsGold solidus, 20mm, 4.41g, EF
Struck c. AD 661-663 at Constantinople
[legend blundered and fragmentary], facing busts of Contans II with long beard (on left), and beardless Constantine IV, each clad in chlamys, Constans wearing plumed crown (or helmet), his son wearing simple crown, cross in upper field between their heads / VICTORIA AVGU A, cross potent on three steps between facing standing figures of Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius, both beardless, each wearing crown and chlamys and holding globus cruciger in right hand; CoNoB in exergue.
Ex: Glenn Woods
Sear 964; DOC 30a; MIB 31
Lawrence Woolslayer
17m-Crispus-Lon-113.jpg
17m. Crispus: London.17 viewsFollis, 317, Londinium mint.
Obverse: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES / Laureate, draped, and cuirrassed bust of Crispus, right.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, right hand raised and holding globe in left hand. S and P in fields.
Mint mark: PLN
3.30 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #113; PBCC #72; Sear #16718.
Callimachus
17q-Constantine-II-Lon-118.jpg
17q. Constantine II: London.18 viewsFollis, 317, London mint.
Obverse: CONSTANTINVS IVN N C / Laureate bust of Constantine II.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO COMITI / Sol standing, chlamys across left shoulder, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand. S and P in fields.
Mint mark: PLN
3.26 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #118; PBCC # 73; Sear #17142.
Callimachus
LarryW1940.jpg
180 Constantine IV Pogonatus, AD 668-68533 viewsGold solidus, 18mm, 4.31g, aEF
Struck at Constantinople c. 674-681
DN C-A-NUS P, bust facing, head slightly to right, wears short beard, cuirass, and helmet with plume and diadem; holds spear over shoulder and shield decorated with horseman / VICT(O)A [AVGU], cross potent on base with three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius; each figure wears chlamys and crown, and holds globus cruciger, CoNoB in exergue
Ex: Harlan Berk
DOC 8 var; Sear 1154v; Berk -
Lawrence Woolslayer
Norwich_halfpenny_1811.JPG
1811 AE HALFPENNY, Norwich, Norfolk.42 viewsObverse: NORWICH MDCCCXI. The arms of Norwich consisting of a heraldic shield containing a three towered castle above a lion passant.
Reverse: NEWTON SILVERSMTH AND JEWELLER. Britannia standing facing right, holding spear and shield, behind her, at her side, lion walking right.
Edge: Centre grained.
Diameter: 27mm
Davis 26 | Withers 923

Issued by Francis Newton, a silversmith and Jeweller in Norwich. This is possibly the same Francis Newton (or a close relative) who, in a circular to bankers, was declared bankrupt by solicitors Messrs Bignold, Pulley and Mawe of New Bridge Street, at a meeting in the Rampant Horse Inn, Norwich on 5th August, 1835.

Norwich is situated on the River Wensum and is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. During the 11th century, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important places in the kingdom. Until the Industrial Revolution, Norwich was the capital of the most populous county in the country and vied with Bristol as England's second city.
*Alex
1997-161-175_ProbusSoliInvicto-Forum.jpg
1997.161.1759 viewsRome, 3.76 g

Obverse: IMP PROBVS AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust left, holding in right hand scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTOR; RThunderboltE in exergue; Sol, in quadriga galloping left; right hand raised; globe and whip in left;
Ref: RIC 202; Pink, pg 58, 6th emission, 281 AD;
gordian_guy
1997-161-188_ProbusCyzicusSoliInvicto-Forum.jpg
1997.161.18818 viewsCyzicus, 3.07 g

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust right; in right hand scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: SO-LI INVICT-O; CM//XXIΓ; Sol, facing, head left, in quadriga facing; right hand raised, left holding whip.
Ref: RIC 911
gordian_guy
FulviaQuinariusLion.jpg
1ae2 Fulvia45 viewsFirst wife of Marc Antony

ca 83-40 BC

AR Quinarius
Bust of Victory right with the likeness of Fulvia, III VIR R P C
Lion right between A and XLI; ANTONI above, IMP in ex

RSC 3, Syd 1163, Cr489/6

Fulvia was the first Roman non-mythological woman to appear on Roman coins. She gained access to power through her marriage to three of the most promising men of her generation, Publius Clodius Pulcher, Gaius Scribonius Curio, and Marcus Antonius. All three husbands were politically active populares, tribunes, and supporters of Julius Caesar. Fulvia married Mark Antony in 47 or 46 BC, a few years after Curio's death, although Cicero suggested that Fulvia and Antony had had a relationship since 58 BC. According to him, while Fulvia and Antony were married, Antony once left a military post to sneak back into Rome during the night and personally deliver a love letter to Fulvia describing his love for her and how he had stopped seeing the famous actress Cytheris. Cicero also suggested that Antony married Fulvia for her money. At the time of their marriage, Antony was an established politician. He had already been tribune in 49 BC, commanded armies under Caesar and was Master of the Horse in 47 BC. As a couple, they were a formidable political force in Rome, and had two sons together, Marcus Antonius Antyllus and Iullus Antonius.

Suetonius wrote, "[Antony] took a wife, Fulvia, the widow of Clodius the demagogue, a woman not born for spinning or housewifery, nor one that could be content with ruling a private husband, but prepared to govern a first magistrate, or give orders to a commander-in-chief. So that Cleopatra had great obligations to her for having taught Antony to be so good a servant, he coming to her hands tame and broken into entire obedience to the commands of a mistress. He used to play all sorts of sportive, boyish tricks, to keep Fulvia in good-humour. As, for example, when Caesar, after his victory in Spain, was on his return, Antony, among the rest, went out to meet him; and, a rumour being spread that Caesar was killed and the enemy marching into Italy, he returned to Rome, and, disguising himself, came to her by night muffled up as a servant that brought letters from Antony. She, with great impatience, before received the letter, asks if Antony were well, and instead of an answer he gives her the letter; and, as she was opening it, took her about the neck and kissed her."

After Julius Caesar was assassinated, Antony became the most powerful man in Rome. Fulvia was heavily involved in the political aftermath. After Caesar's death, the senate realized his popularity and declared that they would pass all of Caesar's planned laws. Antony had attained possession of Caesar's papers, and with the ability to produce papers in support of any law, Fulvia and Antony made a fortune and gained immense power. She allegedly accompanied Antony to his military camp at Brundisium in 44 BC. Appian wrote that in December 44 and again in 41 BC, while Antony was abroad and Cicero campaigned for Antony to be declared an enemy of the state, Fulvia attempted to block such declarations by soliciting support on Antony's behalf.

Antony formed the second triumvirate with Octavian (the future emperor Augustus) and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus on 43 BC and began to conduct proscriptions. To solidify the political alliance, Fulvia's daughter Clodia was married to the young Octavian. Appian and Cassius Dio describe Fulvia as being involved in the violent proscriptions, which were used to destroy enemies and gain badly needed funds to secure control of Rome. Antony pursued his political enemies, chief among them being Cicero, who had openly criticized him for abusing his powers as consul after Caesar's assassination. Though many ancient sources wrote that Fulvia was happy to take revenge against Cicero for Antony's and Clodius' sake, Cassius Dio is the only ancient source that describes the joy with which she pierced the tongue of the dead Cicero with her golden hairpins, as a final revenge against Cicero's power of speech.

In 42 BC, Antony and Octavian left Rome to pursue Julius Caesar's assassins, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Fulvia was left behind as the most powerful woman in Rome. According to Cassius Dio, Fulvia controlled the politics of Rome. Dio wrote that "the following year Publius Servilius and Lucius Antonius nominally became consuls, but in reality it was Antonius and Fulvia. She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure."

Shortly afterwards, the triumvirs then distributed the provinces among them. Lepidus took the west and Antony went to Egypt, where he met Cleopatra VII. When Octavian returned to Rome in 41 BC to disperse land to Caesar's veterans, he divorced Fulvia's daughter and accused Fulvia of aiming at supreme power. Fulvia allied with her brother-in-law Lucius Antonius and publicly endorsed Mark Antony in opposition to Octavian.

In 41 BC, tensions between Octavian and Fulvia escalated to war in Italy. Together with Lucius Antonius, she raised eight legions in Italy to fight for Antony's rights against Octavian, an event known as the Perusine War. Fulvia fled to Greece with her children. Appian writes that she met Antony in Athens, and he was upset with her involvement in the war. Antony then sailed back to Rome to deal with Octavian, and Fulvia died of an unknown illness in exile in Sicyon, near Corinth, Achaea.
Blindado
ClaudiusAsLibertas.jpg
1ap Claudius29 views41-54

As
Bare head, left, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP
Libertas, LIBERTAS AVGVSTA SC

RIC 97

According to Suetonius: Claudius was born at Lugdunum (Lyon) on the 1st of August 10BC in the consulship of Iullus Antonius and Fabius Africanus, on the day when the very first altar to Augustus was dedicated there, the child being given the name Tiberius Claudius Drusus. When his elder brother Germanicus was adopted into the Julian family (in 4 AD), he added the name Germanicus also. He lost his father when still an infant (in 9 BC), and throughout his childhood and youth was severely afflicted by various stubborn ailments so that his mind and body lacked vigour, and even when he attained his majority he was not considered capable of a public or private career.

Nevertheless, he applied himself to liberal studies from his earliest youth, and often published examples of his proficiency in each area, though even so he was excluded from public office and failed to inspire any brighter hopes for his future. His mother Antonia the Younger often condemned him as an unfinished freak of Nature, and when accusing someone of stupidity would say: ‘He’s a bigger fool than my son Claudius.’ His grandmother Augusta (Livia) always treated him with utter contempt, and rarely even spoke to him, admonishing him, when she chose to do so, in brief harsh missives, or via her messengers. When his sister Livilla heard the prophecy that he would be Emperor some day, she prayed openly and loudly that Rome might be spared so cruel and unmerited a fate.

Having spent the larger part of his life in such circumstances, he became emperor at the age of fifty (in AD41) by a remarkable stroke of fate. Caligula’s assassins had dispersed the crowd on the pretext that the Emperor wished for solitude, and Claudius, shut out with the rest, retired to a room called the Hermaeum, but shortly afterwards, terrified by news of the murder, crept off to a nearby balcony and hid behind the door-curtains. A Guard, who was wandering about the Palace at random, spotting a pair of feet beneath the curtain where Claudius was cowering, dragged the man out to identify him, and as Claudius fell to the ground in fear, recognised him, and acclaimed him Emperor.

Eutropius summarizes: His reign was of no striking character; he acted, in many respects, with gentleness and moderation, in some with cruelty and folly. He made war upon Britain, which no Roman since Julius Caesar had visited; and, having reduced it through the agency of Cnaeus Sentius and Aulus Plautius, illustrious and noble men, he celebrated a magnificent triumph. Certain islands also, called the Orcades, situated in the ocean, beyond Britain, he added to the Roman empire, and gave his son the name of Britannicus. . . . He lived to the age of sixty-four, and reigned fourteen years; and after his death was consecrated3 and deified.

This was the first "good" coin I ever bought and therefore marks the begiining of an addiction.
Blindado
TheodosAE4VotMult~0.jpg
1eu Theodosius25 views379-395

AE4

Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right, D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG
VOT V MVLT X within wreath, ASISC in ex

RIC 29d

Zosimus recorded: [Valentinian] commanded some legions from the stations in Pannonia and Moesia, to embark for Africa [to crush a rebellion]. On this the Sarmatians and the Quadi. . . , availing themselves, of the opportunity afforded by the departure of the legions for Africa, invaded the Pannonians and Moesians. . . . The barbarians therefore revenged themselves by plundering all the country along the Ister, carrying off all that they found in the towns. The Pannonians were by these means exposed to the cruelty of the barbarians, while the soldiers were extremely negligent in the defence of their towns, and committed as much mischief as the Barbarians themselves in all places on this side of the river. But Moesia was free from harm, because Theodosius, who commanded the forces there, courageously resisted the Barbarians, and routed them when they attacked him. By that victory he not only acquired great renown, but subsequently attained the imperial dignity. . . .

When the affairs of the empire were reduced to this low condition, Victor, who commanded the Roman cavalry, escaping the danger with some of his troops, entered Macedon and Thessaly. From thence he proceeded into Moesia and Pannonia, and informed Gratian, who was then in that quarter, of what had occurred, and of the loss of the emperor [Valens] and his army. Gratian received the intelligence without uneasiness, and was little grieved at the death of his uncle, a disagreement having existed between them. Finding himself unable to manage affairs, Thrace being ravaged by the Barbarians, as were likewise Pannonia and Moesia, and the towns upon the Rhine being infested by the neighbouring Barbarians without controul, he chose for his associate in the empire, Theodosius, who was a native of a town called Cauca, in the part of Spain called Hispania Callaecia, and who possessed great knowledge and experience of military affairs. Having given him the government of Thrace and the eastern provinces, Gratian himself proceeded to the west of Gaul, in order, if possible, to compose affairs in that quarter. . . .

During the stay of the new emperor, Theodosius, at Thesslonica, a great concourse arrived there from all parts of persons soliciting him on business, both public and private; who having obtained of him whatever he could conveniently grant, returned, to their homes. As a great multitude of the Scythians beyond the Ister, the Gotthi, and the Taiphali, and other tribes that formerly dwelt among them, had crossed the river, and were driven to infest the Roman dominions, because the Huns, had expelled them from their own country, the emperor Theodosius prepared for war with all his forces. . . . The army having made this good use of the occasion afforded by fortune, the affairs of Thrace, which had been on the brink of ruin, were now, the Barbarians being crushed beyond all hope, re-established in peace. . . .

Meanwhile, the emperor Theodosius, residing in Thessalonica, was easy of access to all who wished to see him. Having commenced his reign in luxury and indolence, he threw the magistracy into disorder, and increased the number of his military officers. . . . As he squandered the public money without consideration, bestowing it on unworthy persons, he consequently impoverished himself. He therefore sold the government of provinces to any who would purchase them, without regard to the reputation or ablity of the persons, esteeming him the best qualified who brought him the most gold or silver. . . .

Maximus, who deemed his appointments inferior to his merits, being only governor of the countries formerly under Gratian, projected how to depose the young Valentinian from the empire. . . . This so much surprised Valentinian, and rendered his situation so desperate, that his courtiers were alarmed lest he should be taken by Maximus and put to death. He, therefore, immediately embarked,and sailed to Thessalonica with his mother Justina. . . . [A]rriving at Thessalonica, they sent messengers to the emperor Theodosius, intreating him now at least to revenge the injuries committed against the family of Valentinian. . . . The emperor, being delivered from this alarm, marched with great resolution with his whole army against Maximus. . . . Theodosius, having passed through Pannonia and the defiles of the Appennines, attacked unawares the forces of Maximus before they were prepared for him. A part of his army, having pursued them with the utmost speed, forced their way through the gates of Aquileia, the guards being too few to resist them. Maximus was torn from his imperial throne while in the act of distributing money to his soldiers, and being stripped of his imperial robes, was brought to Theodosius, who, having in reproach enumerated some of his crimes against the commonwealth, delivered him to the common executioner to receive due punishment. . . . The emperor Theodosius, having consigned Italy, Spain, Celtica, and Libya to his son Honorius, died of a disease on his journey towards Constantinople.
Blindado
2014-061-10_ProbusSoliInvicto-Forum.jpg
2014.061.1015 viewsSerdica, 3.85 g

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust left, holding in right scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO; KAA in exergue; Sol, facing, head left, in quadriga; right hand extended; whip in left; wheels visible.
Ref: RIC 862; Pink VI/1, pg 45, 4th emission, 277 AD;
gordian_guy
2014-061-8_ProbusSoliInvicto-Forum.jpg
2014.061.824 viewsSiscia, 3.89 g

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS PF AVG; Radiate, wearing Imperial Mantle, bust left, holding scepter surmounted by eagle.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO; T/XXI; Sol, facing front, in quadriga; right hand raised; in left globe and whip.
Ref: RIC 776; Alfoldi Type 73, no 37;
2 commentsgordian_guy
2014-084-2_AurelianSerdicaSoliInvictoMedusa-Forum.jpg
2014.084.252 viewsSerdica, 4.31 g; 12h

Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Radiate, cuirassed, bust right; breastplate decorated with head of Medusa.
Reverse: SOLI - I-NVICTO; -/-//XXI•T •; Sol, nude, but for chlamys wrapped around shoulders and left arm, trailing behind, walking left, right hand raised, left holding whip, on each side bound captives, in oriental dress, seated back to back; captive on right looking back to left.
Ref: cf RIC 311 for type but different obverse inscription; BnF pg. 398; RIC V,1 online T-2715; Emission 7 (April-November 274)
Notes: This obverse die is a match to RIC V,1 online T-2723 Medusa-head example.
3 commentsgordian_guy
BOTLAUREL_2016.JPG
201655 viewsTHIS YEAR'S WINNERS
CLICK ON A COIN FOR ITS DETAILS

*Alex
22034.jpg
22034 Licinius Sol 20 viewsLicinius I/Sol
Obv: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Rev: SOLI IN-VI-CTO COMITI
T left field F right Field
Mint: Arles Arelate 20.1mm 3g
?A?R in Exergue
RIC VII Arles 74 R5

Blayne W
22038.jpg
22038 Licinius I/SOLI IN-VI-CTO COMITI11 viewsLicinius I/SOLI IN-VI-CTO COMITI
OBV: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
(I don’t believe it is draped)
REV: SOLI IN-VI-CTO COMITI
Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe.
Left R over XRight F
RP in Exergue
Mint: Rome 21.6mm 3.5g
RIC VII Rome 30
Blayne W
rjb_2010_02_06.jpg
270a17 viewsAurelian 270-5 AD
AE antoninianus
Tripolis mint
Obv "IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG"
Radiate and cuirassed bust left
Rev "SOLI INVICTO"
Sol standing left, captive at feet
RIC 390; Gőbl 389
mauseus
probus sol.jpg
276-282 AD - PROBUS silvered AE antoninianus27 viewsobv: IMP.PROBVS.AVG (radiate mantled bust left holding eagle-tipped scepter)
(bust type H)
rev: SOL-I.IN-VICT-O (Sol in galloping quadriga left) / R(crescent)Є (6th emission)
ref: RIC201, C.652
mint: Rome, struck 281 AD
4.53gms, 22mm
berserker
Project1~2.jpg
290 Probus39 viewsProbus. AE Antoninus. 276-282 AD.
IMP CM AVR PROBVS PF AVG, radiate bust left wearing imperial mantle,
holding eagle-tipped sceptre / SOLI INVICTO, Sol in spread quadriga facing.CM in lower centre. Mintmark XXIA.RIC V-2 Cyzicus 911.
2 commentsRandygeki(h2)
coin242.JPG
306. Trebonianus Gallus28 viewsGaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus (206 - August, 253), was Roman emperor from 251 to 253, in a joint rule with his son Volusianus.

Gallus was born in Italy, in a family with respected ancestry and a senatorial background. He had two children in his marriage with Afinia Gemina Baebiana: the future emperor Gaius Vibius Volusianus and a daughter, Vibia Galla. His early career was typical with several appointments, both political and military. He was suffect consul and in 250 was nominated governor of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, an appointment that showed the confidence of emperor Trajan Decius in him. In Moesia, Gallus was a key figure in repelling the frequent invasion attacks by the Gothic tribes of the Danube and became popular with the army.

On July 1, 251, Decius and his co-emperor and son Herennius Etruscus died in the battle of Abrittus, at the hands of the Goths they were supposed to punish for raids into the empire. When the army heard the news, the soldiers proclaimed Gallus emperor, despite Hostilian, Decius' surviving son, ascending the imperial throne in Rome. Gallus did not back down from his intention to became emperor, but accepted Hostilian as co-emperor, perhaps to avoid the damage of another civil war. While Gallus marched on Rome, an outbreak of plague struck the city and killed the young Hostilian. With absolute power now on his hands, Gallus nominated his son Volusianus co-emperor.

Eager to show himself competent and gain popularity with the citizens, Gallus swiftly dealt with the epidemic, providing burial for the victims. Gallus is often accused of persecuting the Christians, but the only solid evidence of this allegation is the imprisoning of Pope Cornelius in 252.

Like his predecessors, Gallus did not have an easy reign. In the East, king Shapur I of Persia invaded and conquered the province of Syria, without any response from Rome. On the Danube, the Gothic tribes were once again on the loose, despite the peace treaty signed in 251. The army was not pleased with the emperor and when Aemilianus, governor of Moesia Superior and Pannonia, took the initiative of battle and defeated the Goths, the soldiers proclaimed him emperor. With a usurper threatening the throne, Gallus prepared for a fight. He recalled several legions and ordered reinforcements to return to Rome from the Rhine frontier. Despite these dispositions, Aemilianus marched onto Italy ready to fight for his claim. Gallus did not have the chance to face him in battle: he and Volusianus were murdered by their own troops in August 253.
ecoli
ConVITic131a.jpg
307-337 AD - Constantine I - RIC VI Ticinum 131a - SOLI INVICTO COMITI29 viewsEmperor: Constantine I (r. 307-337 AD)
Date: 312-313 AD
Condition: aEF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Constantine Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate and cuirassed

Reverse: SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI
Dedicated to the Emperor's companion, the unconquered Sol.
Sol standing right, head left, chlamys over left shoulder and hanging behind, right raised, left holding up globe.
Exergue: PT (Ticinum mint, first officina)

RIC VI Ticinum 131a
3.51g; 21.7mm; 165°
Pep
ConVIIRome27.jpg
307-337 AD - Constantine I - RIC VII Rome 027 - SOLI INVICTO COMITI40 viewsEmperor: Constantine I (r. 307-337 AD)
Date: 314-315 AD
Condition: EF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
Imperator Constantine Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate, draped, and cuirassed

Reverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI
Dedicated to the Emperor's companion, the unconquered Sol (Sun god).
Sol radiate standing left, right hand raised, globe in left hand, chlamys across left shoulder. R/X | F in field.

Exergue: RP (Rome mint, first officina)
RIC VII Rome 27; VM 63
2.77g; 20.0mm; 180°
Pep
ConVIIRome27_2.jpg
307-337 AD - Constantine I - RIC VII Rome 027 - SOLI INVICTO COMITI - 2nd Example31 viewsEmperor: Constantine I (r. 307-337 AD)
Date: 314-315 AD
Condition: Fine/aVF
Denomination: Follis

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Imperator Constantine Dutiful and Wise Emperor
Bust right; laureate, draped and cuirassed

Reverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI
To the Emperor's companion, the unconquered Sol.
Sol radiate standing left, raising right hand, globe in left hand, chlamys across left shoulder.
R/X | F in field
Exergue: RT (Rome mint, third officina)

RIC VII Rome 27; VM 63
2.87g; 19.2mm; 330°
Pep
coin495.JPG
319. Probus17 viewsOBV.: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle.

REV.: SOLI INVICTO

Sol in quadriga riding left, holding globe and whip.

Mintmark: / R thunderbolt Gamma
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806_P_Hadrian_RPC3244.JPG
3244 CILICIA, Pompeiopolis (Soli) Ae 22 131-32 AD Athena standing18 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3244; Boyce, pl. III, 20

Issue year 197 ZЧΡ

Obv.
Laureate, draped bust right.

Rev. ΠΟΜΠΗΙΟΠΟΛΕΙΤωΝ
Athena standing, l., holding Victory in r. hand, l. hand resting on shield; in l. field, ZЧΡ

8.63 gr
22 mm
12h
okidoki
1023_P_Hadrian_RPC3245.jpg
3245 CILICIA, Pompeopolis (Soli). Hadrian Ae 23 Sabina19 viewsReference.
RPC III, 3245; Lindgren A1602A

Issue Year 197 (ΖЧΡ)

Obv. ΑΥ [ ] ΑΔ-ΡΙΑΝΟС СΕΒΑ, Π Π (in field)
Laureate and draped bust of Hadrian, right

Rev. СΑΒΕΙΝΑ СΕΒ ΠΟΜΠΗΙ ΖЧΡ, Α-Υ (in field)
Diademed and draped bust of Sabina, right

13.53 gr
23 mm
12h
1 commentsokidoki
707_P_Hadrian_RPC3246.jpg
3246 CILICIA, Pompeiopolis (Soli), Pseudo-autonomous under Hadrian 131-32 AD Eight-rayed star11 viewsReference. Very rare.
RPC III, 3246; Levante 886; SNG Pfälzer 1128

Issue Year 197 (ΖЧΡ)

Obv. ΖЧΡ
two bunches of grapes on stalk

Rev.
Eight-rayed star

3.00 gr
15.8 mm
okidoki
Basil_I_fouree_solidus.jpg
36. Basil I Fouree Solidus13 viewsByzantine Empire
Basil I, the Macedonian.
867 - 886 AD.
Plated Solidus. 19.86mm, 2.00g.

O: Christ seated facing.

R: Busts of Basil and Constantine facing.

S.1704. Fine.

Ex Ancient Treasures
Sosius
rjb_2013_10_09.jpg
36430 viewsValens
Solidus
Obv: DN VALENS PER F AVG
Diademed draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev: RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE
Emperor standing right holding labarum and victory on globe
Antioch mint
RIC IX Antioch 2d
mauseus
17796q00.jpg
4.0 Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine AV Solidus47 viewsHeraclius
610-641
and his son Heraclius Constantine
613-641
Constantinople Mint
21.1 mm, 4.449 g
Sear 743. DO 20.
EF, with light flat areas

AU Solidus, minted between 626 and 629 CE at Constantinople
obv. dd NN hERACLIVS ET hERA CONST PP AV/. facing busts of Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine, cross above
rev. VICTORIA AVGU Q. cross potent on three steps, CoNoB in ex.
scarce officina
1 commentsEcgþeow
sht_014.JPG
48 BC Ancient Greece Aeolis - Kyme Silver Hemiobol Coin51 viewsAncient Greece 48 B.C Aeolis - Kyme Silver Hemiobol Coin Finest & Rare type
For auction, an original & finest, scarce type, Ancient central Greece issue of the Aeolis region - issued within the city of Kyme, circa 48 BC, solid Silver composition, hemiobol type Coin. The coin is presented in VF ( very fine ) grade. Some very slight spend ware on both obverse & reverse. See KrAuse world coins price guide & Spink Coins 2010 Catalogues. Even better in hand. The coin has not been chemically cleaned.
Obverse : Head of eagle left, K in left field.
Reverse : Quadripartite incuse square.
Classical and hellenistic periods
Specification. ORIGINAL - Uncleaned
0.46 grams weight
Silver Composition
8.0 mm diameter
Scarce issue / finest state
2458
SOLD
Antonio Protti
coin413.JPG
501. Constantine I Lyons SOLI INVICTO COMIT6 viewsRIC VII Lyons 34 C3ecoli
coin549.JPG
501. Constantine I Rome SOLI INVICTO COMI10 viewsRIC VII Rome 40 C3

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coin555.JPG
501. CONSTANTINE I Siscia SOLI INVICTO COMIT14 viewsSol Invictus ("the undefeated Sun") or, more fully, Deus Sol Invictus ("the undefeated sun god") was a religious title applied to three distinct divinities during the later Roman Empire, El Gabal, Mithras, and Sol.

Unlike the earlier, agrarian cult of Sol Indiges ("the native sun" or "the invoked sun" - the etymology and meaning of the word "indiges" is disputed), the title Deus Sol Invictus was formed by analogy with the imperial titulature pius felix invictus ("dutiful, fortunate, unconquered").

A festival of the birth of the Unconquered Sun (or Dies Natalis Solis Invicti) was celebrated when the duration of daylight first begins to increase after the winter solstice,—the "rebirth" of the sun.

Christianity adopted some of the attributes of the Sol Invictus religion, as apparent in the first examples of Christian iconography, depicting Christ with solar attributes such as the radiated crown or, in a few instances, a solar chariot.

Sol Invictus had been adopted by the Church of Rome as evidenced by Christ as Apollo-Helios in a mausoleum discovered under St. Peter's Basilica and dated to 250[1], and, from the beginning of the third century, "Sun of Justice" was used as a title of Christ[2].

The date for Christmas may also bear a relation to the sun worship. According to the Syriac bishop Jacob Bar-Salibi, writing in the twelth century:

"It was a custom of the Pagans to celebrate on the same 25 December the birthday of the Sun, at which they kindled lights in token of festivity. In these solemnities and revelries the Christians also took part. Accordingly when the doctors of the Church perceived that the Christians had a leaning to this festival, they took counsel and resolved that the true Nativity should be solemnised on that day." (cited in "Christianity and Paganism in the Fourth to Eighth Centuries", Ramsay MacMullen. Yale:1997, p155])
Christianity designated Sunday as the "Lord's Day" and the day of rest, rather than Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath.


CONSTANTINE I

RIC VII Siscia 32 R3

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coin274.JPG
509. Jovian21 views09. Jovian39 viewsJovian was born at Singidunum in A.D. 330, the son of the commander of Constantius II's imperial bodyguards. He also joined the guards and by A.D. 363 had risen to the post that his father had once held. He accompanied the Roman Emperor Julian on the disastrous Mesopotamian campain of the same year against Shapur II, the Sassanid king. After a small but decisive engagement the Roman army was forced to retreat from the numerically superior Persian force. Julian had been mortally wounded during the retreat and Jovian seized his chance. Some accounts have it that on Julian's death Jovian's soldiers called out "Jovianus!" The cry was mistaken for "Julianus", and the army cheered Jovian, briefly under the illusion that the slain Emperor had recovered from his wound.

Shapur pressed his advantage and Jovian, deep inside Sassanid territory, was forced to sue for peace on very unfavourable terms. In exchange for safety he agreed to withdraw from the provinces east of the Tigris that Diocletian had annexed and allow the Persians to occupy the fortresses of Nisbis, Castra Maurorum and Singara. the King of Armenia, Arsaces, was to stay neutral in future conflicts between the two empires, and was forced to cede some of his kingdom to Shapur. The treaty was seen as a disgrace and Jovian rapidly lost popularity.

After arriving at Antioch Jovian decided to hurry to Constantinople to consolidate his position.

Jovian was a Christian, in contrast to his predecessor Julian the Apostate, who had attempted a revival of paganism. He died on February 17, 364 after a reign of eight months.

Jovian AE3. D N IOVIA NVS P F AVG, diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right / VOT V MVLT X inside wreath
ecoli
coin275.JPG
510. Valentinian I56 viewsFlavius Valentinianus, known in English as Valentinian I, (321 - November 17, 375) was a Roman Emperor (364 - 375). He was born at Cibalis, in Pannonia, the son of a successful general, Gratian the Elder.

He had been an officer of the Praetorian guard under Julian and Jovian, and had risen high in the imperial service. Of robust frame and distinguished appearance, he possessed great courage and military capacity. After the death of Jovian, he was chosen emperor in his forty-third year by the officers of the army at Nicaea in Bithynia on February 26, 364, and shortly afterwards named his brother Valens colleague with him in the empire.

The two brothers, after passing through the chief cities of the neighbouring district, arranged the partition of the empire at Naissus (Nissa) in Upper Moesia. As Western Roman Emperor, Valentinian took Italia, Illyricum, Hispania, the Gauls, Britain and Africa, leaving to Eastern Roman Emperor Valens the eastern half of the Balkan peninsula, Greece, Aegyptus, Syria and Asia Minor as far as Persia. They were immediately confronted by the revolt of Procopius, a relative of the deceased Julian. Valens managed to defeat his army at Thyatria in Lydia in 366, and Procopius was executed shortly afterwards.

During the short reign of Valentinian there were wars in Africa, in Germany and in Britain, and Rome came into collision with barbarian peoples never of heard before, specifically the Burgundians, and the Saxons.

Valentinian's chief work was guarding the frontiers and establishing military positions. Milan was at first his headquarters for settling the affairs of northern Italy. The following year (365) Valentinian was at Paris, and then at Reims, to direct the operations of his generals against the Alamanni. These people, defeated at Scarpona (Charpeigne) and Catelauni (Châlons-en-Champagne) by Jovinus, were driven back to the German bank of the Rhine, and checked for a while by a chain of military posts and fortresses. At the close of 367, however, they suddenly crossed the Rhine, attacked Moguntiacum (Mainz) and plundered the city. Valentinian attacked them at Solicinium (Sulz am Neckar, in the Neckar valley, or Schwetzingen) with a large army, and defeated them with great slaughter. But his own losses were so considerable that Valentinian abandoned the idea of following up his success.

Later, in 374, Valentinian made peace with their king, Macrianus, who from that time remained a true friend of the Romans. The next three years he spent at Trier, which he chiefly made his headquarters, organizing the defence of the Rhine frontier, and personally superintending the construction of numerous forts.

During his reign the coasts of Gaul were harassed by the Saxon pirates, with whom the Picts and Scots of northern Britain joined hands, and ravaged the island from the Antonine Wall to the shores of Kent. In 368 Count Theodosius was sent to drive back the invaders; in this he was completely successful, and established a new British province, called Valentia in honour of the emperor.

In Africa, Firmus, raised the standard of revolt, being joined by the provincials, who had been rendered desperate by the cruelty and extortions of Comes Romanus, the military governor. The services of Theodosius were again requisitioned. He landed in Africa with a small band of veterans, and Firmus, to avoid being taken prisoner, committed suicide.

In 374 the Quadi, a Germanic tribe in what is now Moravia and Slovakia, resenting the erection of Roman forts to the north of the Danube in what they considered to be their own territory, and further exasperated by the treacherous murder of their king, Gabinius, crossed the river and laid waste the province of Pannonia. The emperor in April, 375 entered Illyricum with a powerful army. But during an audience to an embassy from the Quadi at Brigetio on the Danube (near Komárom, Hungary), Valentinian suffered a burst blood vessel in the skull while angrily yelling at the people gathered. This injury resulted in his death on November 17, 375.

His general administration seems to have been thoroughly honest and able, in some respects beneficent. If Valentinian was hard and exacting in the matter of taxes, he spent them in the defence and improvement of his dominions, not in idle show or luxury. Though himself a plain and almost illiterate soldier, Valentinian was a founder of schools. He also provided medical attendance for the poor of Rome, by appointing a physician for each of the fourteen districts of the city.

Valentinian was a Christian but permitted absolute religious freedom to all his subjects. Against all abuses, both civil and ecclesiastical, Valentinian steadily set his face, even against the increasing wealth and worldliness of the clergy. His chief flaw was his temper, which at times was frightful, and showed itself in its full fierceness in the punishment of persons accused of witchcraft, fortune-telling or magical practices.

Valentinian I; RIC IX, Siscia 15(a); C.37; second period: 24 Aug. 367-17 Nov. 375; common. obv. DN VALENTINI-ANVS PF AVG, bust cuir., drap., r., rev. SECVRITAS-REI PVBLICAE, Victory advancing l., holding wreath and trophy. l. field R above R with adnex, r. field F, ex. gamma SISC rev.Z dot (type xxxv)
ecoli
Denario Heliogabalo RIC 131.jpg
53-09 - HELIOGABALO (218 - 222 D.C.)33 viewsAR Denario 19 x 16 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP ANTONINVS [PIVS AVG]" - Busto laureado, astado y vestido viendo a derecha. Viendolo desde el frente.
Rev: "SACERD DEI SOLIS ELAGAB" - Emperador con cuernos y laureado, con ropajes sacerdotales, de pié de frente viendo a derecha, portando barra o garrote en mano izquierda levantada y patera en derecha con la que sacrifica sobre un altar encendido y decorado. * (estrella) en campo derecho.

Acuñada 11ava. Emisión 221 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #132 Pag.37 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7542 Pag.606 - BMCRE #225 - Cohen Vol.IV #246 Pag.347 - RSC Vol. III #246 Pag.119 - DVM #56 Pag.208 - Thirion LME#302
mdelvalle
RIC_132_Denario_Heliogabalo.jpg
53-18 - HELIOGABALO (218 - 222 D.C.)12 viewsAR Denario 19 x 16 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP ANTONINVS [PIVS AVG]" - Busto laureado, astado y vestido viendo a derecha. Viendolo desde el frente.
Rev: "SACERD DEI SOLIS ELAGAB" - Emperador con cuernos y laureado, con ropajes sacerdotales, de pié de frente viendo a derecha, portando barra o garrote en mano izquierda levantada y patera en derecha con la que sacrifica sobre un altar encendido y decorado. * (estrella) en campo derecho.

Acuñada 11ava. Emisión 221 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: RIC Vol.IV Parte II #132 Pag.37 - Sear RCTV Vol.II #7542 Pag.606 - BMCRE #225 - Cohen Vol.IV #246 Pag.347 - RSC Vol. III #246 Pag.119 - DVM #56 Pag.208 - Thirion LME#302
mdelvalle
LarryW1902.jpg
620 Focas, 602-61035 viewsAV solidus, 20.5mm, 4.39g, gVF
Struck 607-609 at Constatinople
DN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTOR[IA] AVGU S, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger, CON OB in exg
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 620; DO 10f.2
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW1917.jpg
620 Focas, 602-61017 viewsAV solidus, 20.6mm, 4.45g, Ch aEF
Struck 607-609 at Constatinople
DN FOCAS PERP AVC, Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown and holding globus cruciger / VICTORIA AVGU S, Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted with Rho and globus cruciger, CON OB in exg
Ex: Glenn W. Woods
Sear 620; DO 10f
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
GalbaAEAs.jpg
707a, Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.67 viewsGalba AE As, 68-69 AD; cf. SRC 727, 729ff; 27.85mm, 12g; Rome: Obverse: GALBA IMP CAESAR…, Laureate head right; Reverse: S P Q R OB CIV SER in oak wreath; gF+/F Ex. Ancient Imports.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Galba (68-69 A.D.)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary


Introduction
The evidence for the principate of Galba is unsatisfactory. The sources either concentrate on the personality of the man, thereby failing to offer a balanced account of his policies and a firm chronological base for his actions; or, they focus on the final two weeks of his life at the expense of the earlier part of his reign. As a result, a detailed account of his principate is difficult to write. Even so, Galba is noteworthy because he was neither related to nor adopted by his predecessor Nero. Thus, his accession marked the end of the nearly century-long control of the Principate by the Julio-Claudians. Additionally, Galba's declaration as emperor by his troops abroad set a precedent for the further political upheavals of 68-69. Although these events worked to Galba's favor initially, they soon came back to haunt him, ending his tumultuous rule after only seven months.

Early Life and Rise to Power
Born 24 December 3 BC in Tarracina, a town on the Appian Way, 65 miles south of Rome, Servius Galba was the son of C. Sulpicius Galba and Mummia Achaica. Galba's connection with the noble house of the Servii gave him great prestige and assured his acceptance among the highest levels of Julio-Claudian society. Adopted in his youth by Livia, the mother of the emperor Tiberius, he is said to have owed much of his early advancement to her. Upon her death, Livia made Galba her chief legatee, bequeathing him some 50 million sesterces. Tiberius, Livia's heir, reduced the amount, however, and then never paid it. Galba's marriage proved to be a further source of disappointment, as he outlived both his wife Lepida and their two sons. Nothing else is known of Galba's immediate family, other than that he remained a widower for the rest of his life.

Although the details of Galba's early political career are incomplete, the surviving record is one of an ambitious Roman making his way in the Emperor's service. Suetonius records that as praetor Galba put on a new kind of exhibition for the people - elephants walking on a rope. Later, he served as governor of the province of Aquitania, followed by a six-month term as consul at the beginning of 33. Ironically, as consul he was succeeded by Salvius Otho, whose own son would succeed Galba as emperor. Over the years three more governorships followed - Upper Germany (date unknown), North Africa (45) and Hispania Tarraconensis, the largest of Spain's three provinces (61). He was selected as a proconsul of Africa by the emperor Claudius himself instead of by the usual method of drawing lots. During his two-year tenure in the province he successfully restored internal order and quelled a revolt by the barbarians. As an imperial legate he was a governor in Spain for eight years under Nero, even though he was already in his early sixties when he assumed his duties. The appointment showed that Galba was still considered efficient and loyal. In all of these posts Galba generally displayed an enthusiasm for old-fashioned disciplina, a trait consistent with the traditional characterization of the man as a hard-bitten aristocrat of the old Republican type. Such service did not go unnoticed, as he was honored with triumphal insignia and three priesthoods during his career.

On the basis of his ancestry, family tradition and service to the state Galba was the most distinguished Roman alive (with the exception of the houses of the Julii and Claudii) at the time of Nero's demise in 68. The complex chain of events that would lead him to the Principate later that year began in March with the rebellion of Gaius Iulius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis. Vindex had begun to sound out provincial governors about support for a rebellion perhaps in late 67 or early 68. Galba did not respond but, because of his displeasure with Neronian misgovernment, neither did he inform the emperor of these treasonous solicitations. This, of course, left him dangerously exposed; moreover, he was already aware that Nero, anxious to remove anyone of distinguished birth and noble achievements, had ordered his death. Given these circumstances, Galba likely felt that he had no choice but to rebel.

In April, 68, while still in Spain, Galba "went public," positioning himself as a vir militaris, a military representative of the senate and people of Rome. For the moment, he refused the title of Emperor, but it is clear that the Principate was his goal. To this end, he organized a concilium of advisors in order to make it known that any decisions were not made by him alone but only after consultation with a group. The arrangement was meant to recall the Augustan Age relationship between the emperor and senate in Rome. Even more revealing of his imperial ambitions were legends like LIBERTAS RESTITUTA (Liberty Restored), ROM RENASC (Rome Reborn) and SALUS GENERIS HUMANI (Salvation of Mankind), preserved on his coinage from the period. Such evidence has brought into question the traditional assessment of Galba as nothing more than an ineffectual representative of a bygone antiquus rigor in favor of a more balanced portrait of a traditional constitutionalist eager to publicize the virtues of an Augustan-style Principate.
Events now began to move quickly. In May, 68 Lucius Clodius Macer, legate of the III legio Augusta in Africa, revolted from Nero and cut off the grain supply to Rome. Choosing not to recognize Galba, he called himself propraetor, issued his own coinage, and raised a new legion, the I Macriana liberatrix. Galba later had him executed. At the same time, 68, Lucius Verginius Rufus, legionary commander in Upper Germany, led a combined force of soldiers from Upper and Lower Germany in defeating Vindex at Vesontio in Gallia Lugdunensis. Verginius refused to accept a call to the emperorship by his own troops and by those from the Danube, however, thereby creating at Rome an opportunity for Galba's agents to win over Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, the corrupt praetorian prefect since 65. Sabinus was able to turn the imperial guard against Nero on the promise that they would be rewarded financially by Galba upon his arrival. That was the end for Nero. Deposed by the senate and abandoned by his supporters, he committed suicide in June. At this point, encouraged to march on Rome by the praetorians and especially by Sabinus, who had his own designs on the throne, Galba hurriedly established broad-based political and financial support and assembled his own legion (subsequently known as the legio VII Gemina). As he departed from Spain, he abandoned the title of governor in favor of "Caesar," apparently in an attempt to lay claim to the entire inheritance of the Julio-Claudian house. Even so, he continued to proceed cautiously, and did not actually adopt the name of Caesar (and with it the emperorship) until sometime after he had left Spain.

The Principate of Galba
Meanwhile, Rome was anything but serene. An unusual force of soldiers, many of whom had been mustered by Nero to crush the attempt of Vindex, remained idle and restless. In addition, there was the matter concerning Nymphidius Sabinus. Intent on being the power behind the throne, Nymphidius had orchestrated a demand from the praetorians that Galba appoint him sole praetorian prefect for life. The senate capitulated to his pretensions and he began to have designs on the throne himself. In an attempt to rattle Galba, Nymphidius then sent messages of alarm to the emperor telling of unrest in both the city and abroad. When Galba ignored these reports, Nymphidius decided to launch a coup by presenting himself to the praetorians. The plan misfired, and the praetorians killed him when he appeared at their camp. Upon learning of the incident, Galba ordered the executions of Nymphidius' followers. To make matters worse, Galba's arrival was preceded by a confrontation with a boisterous band of soldiers who had been formed into a legion by Nero and were now demanding legionary standards and regular quarters. When they persisted, Galba's forces attacked, with the result that many of them were killed.
Thus it was amid carnage and fear that Galba arrived at the capital in October, 68, accompanied by Otho, the governor of Lusitania, who had joined the cause. Once Galba was within Rome, miscalculations and missteps seemed to multiply. First, he relied upon the advice of a corrupt circle of advisors, most notably: Titus Vinius, a general from Spain; Cornelius Laco, praetorian prefect; and his own freedman, Icelus. Second, he zealously attempted to recover some of Nero's more excessive expenditures by seizing the property of many citizens, a measure that seems to have gone too far and to have caused real hardship and resentment. Third, he created further ill-will by disbanding the imperial corps of German bodyguards, effectively abolishing a tradition that originated with Marius and had been endorsed by Augustus. Finally, he seriously alienated the military by refusing cash rewards for both the praetorians and for the soldiers in Upper Germany who had fought against Vindex.

This last act proved to be the beginning of the end for Galba. On 1 January 69 ("The Year of the Four Emperors"), the troops in Upper Germany refused to declare allegiance to him and instead followed the men stationed in Lower Germany in proclaiming their commander, Aulus Vitellius, as the new ruler. In response, Galba adopted Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus to show that he was still in charge and that his successor would not be chosen for him. Piso, although an aristocrat, was a man completely without administrative or military experience. The choice meant little to the remote armies, the praetorians or the senate, and it especially angered Otho, who had hoped to succeed Galba. Otho quickly organized a conspiracy among the praetorians with the now-familiar promise of a material reward, and on 15 January 69 they declared him emperor and publicly killed Galba; Piso, dragged from hiding in the temple of Vesta, was also butchered.

Assessment
In sum, Galba had displayed talent and ambition during his lengthy career. He enjoyed distinguished ancestry, moved easily among the Julio-Claudian emperors (with the exception of Nero towards the end of his principate), and had been awarded the highest military and religious honors of ancient Rome. His qualifications for the principate cannot be questioned. Even so, history has been unkind to him. Tacitus characterized Galba as "weak and old," a man "equal to the imperial office, if he had never held it." Modern historians of the Roman world have been no less critical. To be sure, Galba's greatest mistake lay in his general handling of the military. His treatment of the army in Upper Germany was heedless, his policy towards the praetorians short sighted. Given the climate in 68-69, Galba was unrealistic in expecting disciplina without paying the promised rewards. He was also guilty of relying on poor advisors, who shielded him from reality and ultimately allowed Otho's conspiracy to succeed. Additionally, the excessive power of his henchmen brought the regime into disfavor and made Galba himself the principal target of the hatred that his aides had incited. Finally, the appointment of Piso, a young man in no way equal to the challenges placed before him, further underscored the emperor's isolation and lack of judgment. In the end, the instability of the post-Julio-Claudian political landscape offered challenges more formidable than a tired, septuagenarian aristocrat could hope to overcome. Ironically, his regime proved no more successful than the Neronian government he was so eager to replace. Another year of bloodshed would be necessary before the Principate could once again stand firm.

Copyright (C) 1999, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


Cleisthenes
TitusCommColosseum.jpg
711a, Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D. 114 viewsTITUS AUGUSTUS AR silver denarius. Struck at Rome, 80 AD. IMP TITVS CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right. Reverse - TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, elephant walking left. Fully legible legends, about Very Fine, nice golden toning. Commemmorates the completion and dedication of the Colosseum and the opening of games. SCARCE. RCV 2512, valued at $544 in EF. 17mm, 3.1g. Ex Incitatus.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (A.D. 79-81)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born on December 30, 39 A.D. He was the oldest of the three children of the founder of the Flavian Dynasty, Vespasian. Beginning in the year 70 Titus was named Cæsar and coregent; he was highly educated and a brilliant poet and orator in both Latin and Greek. He won military fame during the Jewish Revolt of 69-70. In April, 70, he appeared before the walls of Jerusalem, and conquered and destroyed the city after a siege of five months. He wished to preserve the Temple, but in the struggle with the Jews who rushed out of it a soldier threw a brand into the building. The siege and taking of the city were accompanied by barbarous cruelties. The next year Titus celebrated his victory by a triumph; to increase the fame of the Flavian dynasty the inscription on the triumphal arch represented the overthrow of the helpless people as a heroic achievement. Titus succeeded his father as Emperor in 79.

Before becoming emperor, tradition records that Titus was feared as the next Nero, a perception that may have developed from his association with Berenice, his alleged heavy-handedness as praetorian prefect, and tales of sexual debauchery. Once in office, however, both emperor and his reign were portrayed in universally positive terms. The suddenness of this transformation raises immediate suspicions, yet it is difficult to know whether the historical tradition is suspect or if Titus was in fact adept at taking off one mask for another. What is clear, however, is that Titus sought to present the Flavians as the legitimate successors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Proof came through the issuing of a series of restoration coins of previous emperors, the most popular being Augustus and Claudius. In A.D. 80 Titus also set out to establish an imperial cult in honor of Vespasian. The temple, in which cult (the first that was not connected with the Julio-Claudians) was housed, was completed by Domitian and was known as the Temple of Vespasian and Domitian.
Legitimacy was also sought through various economic measures, which Titus enthusiastically funded. Vast amounts of capital poured into extensive building schemes in Rome, especially the Flavian Amphitheater, popularly known as the Colosseum. In celebration of additions made to the structure, Titus provided a grand 100-day festival, with sea fights staged on an artificial lake, infantry battles, wild beast hunts, and similar activities. He also constructed new imperial baths to the south-east of the Amphitheater and began work on the celebrated Arch of Titus, a memorial to his Jewish victories. Large sums were directed to Italy and the provinces as well, especially for road building. In response to the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79, Titus spent large sums to relieve distress in that area; likewise, the imperial purse contributed heavily to rebuilding Rome after a devastating fire destroyed large sections of the city in A.D. 80. As a result of these actions, Titus earned a reputation for generosity and geniality. For these reasons he gained the honourable title of "amor et deliciæ generis humani" (the darling and admiration of the human race). Even so, his financial acumen must not be under-estimated. He left the treasury with a surplus, as he had found it, and dealt promptly and efficiently with costly natural disasters. The Greek historian of the third-century A.D., Cassius Dio, perhaps offered the most accurate and succinct assessment of Titus' economic policy: "In money matters, Titus was frugal and made no unnecessary expenditure." In other areas, the brevity of Titus' reign limits our ability to detect major emphases or trends in policy. As far as can be discerned from the limited evidence, senior officials and amici were well chosen, and his legislative activity tended to focus on popular social measures, with the army as a particular beneficiary in the areas of land ownership, marriage, and testamentary freedom. In the provinces, Titus continued his father's policies by strengthening roads and forts in the East and along the Danube.

Titus died in September, A.D. 81 after only 26 months in office. Suetonius recorded that Titus died on his way to the Sabine country of his ancestors in the same villa as his father. A competing tradition persistently implicated his brother and successor, Domitian, as having had a hand in the emperor's demise, but the evidence is highly contradictory and any wrongdoing is difficult to prove. Domitian himself delivered the funeral eulogy and had Titus deified. He also built several monuments in honor of Titus and completed the Temple of Vespasian and Titus, changing the name of the structure to include his brother's and setting up his cult statue in the Temple itself.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian Dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well. Titus was used as a model by later emperors, especially those known as the Five Good Emperors (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius).

Copyright (C) 1997, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Catholic Encyclopedia, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14746b.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
Titus_Colosseum_Commem_AR_denarius.jpg
711a, Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.142 viewsTitus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D. AR denarius, RCV 2512, aVF, struck at Rome, 80 A.D., 17.5mm, 3.4g. Obverse: IMP TITVS CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG PM, laureate head right; Reverse: TRP IX IMP XV COS VIII PP, elephant walking left. Fully legible legends; nice golden toning. This coin was struck in order to commemorate the completion and dedication of the Flavian Amphitheatre (the Colosseum) and its opening games. Very scarce. Ex Incitatus; photo courtesy Incitatus.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Titus Flavius Vespasianus (A.D. 79-81)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born on December 30, 39 A.D. He was the oldest of the three children of the founder of the Flavian Dynasty, Vespasian. Beginning in the year 70 Titus was named Cæsar and coregent; he was highly educated and a brilliant poet and orator in both Latin and Greek. He won military fame during the Jewish Revolt of 69-70. In April, 70, he appeared before the walls of Jerusalem, and conquered and destroyed the city after a siege of five months. He wished to preserve the Temple, but in the struggle with the Jews who rushed out of it a soldier threw a brand into the building. The siege and taking of the city were accompanied by barbarous cruelties. The next year Titus celebrated his victory by a triumph; to increase the fame of the Flavian dynasty the inscription on the triumphal arch represented the overthrow of the helpless people as a heroic achievement. Titus succeeded his father as Emperor in 79.

Before becoming emperor, tradition records that Titus was feared as the next Nero, a perception that may have developed from his association with Berenice, his alleged heavy-handedness as praetorian prefect, and tales of sexual debauchery. Once in office, however, both emperor and his reign were portrayed in universally positive terms. The suddenness of this transformation raises immediate suspicions, yet it is difficult to know whether the historical tradition is suspect or if Titus was in fact adept at taking off one mask for another. What is clear, however, is that Titus sought to present the Flavians as the legitimate successors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Proof came through the issuing of a series of restoration coins of previous emperors, the most popular being Augustus and Claudius. In A.D. 80 Titus also set out to establish an imperial cult in honor of Vespasian. The temple, in which cult (the first that was not connected with the Julio-Claudians) was housed, was completed by Domitian and was known as the Temple of Vespasian and Domitian.
Legitimacy was also sought through various economic measures, which Titus enthusiastically funded. Vast amounts of capital poured into extensive building schemes in Rome, especially the Flavian Amphitheater, popularly known as the Colosseum. In celebration of additions made to the structure, Titus provided a grand 100-day festival, with sea fights staged on an artificial lake, infantry battles, wild beast hunts, and similar activities. He also constructed new imperial baths to the south-east of the Amphitheater and began work on the celebrated Arch of Titus, a memorial to his Jewish victories. Large sums were directed to Italy and the provinces as well, especially for road building. In response to the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79, Titus spent large sums to relieve distress in that area; likewise, the imperial purse contributed heavily to rebuilding Rome after a devastating fire destroyed large sections of the city in A.D. 80. As a result of these actions, Titus earned a reputation for generosity and geniality. For these reasons he gained the honourable title of "amor et deliciæ generis humani" (the darling and admiration of the human race). Even so, his financial acumen must not be under-estimated. He left the treasury with a surplus, as he had found it, and dealt promptly and efficiently with costly natural disasters. The Greek historian of the third-century A.D., Cassius Dio, perhaps offered the most accurate and succinct assessment of Titus' economic policy: "In money matters, Titus was frugal and made no unnecessary expenditure." In other areas, the brevity of Titus' reign limits our ability to detect major emphases or trends in policy. As far as can be discerned from the limited evidence, senior officials and amici were well chosen, and his legislative activity tended to focus on popular social measures, with the army as a particular beneficiary in the areas of land ownership, marriage, and testamentary freedom. In the provinces, Titus continued his father's policies by strengthening roads and forts in the East and along the Danube.

Titus died in September, A.D. 81 after only 26 months in office. Suetonius recorded that Titus died on his way to the Sabine country of his ancestors in the same villa as his father. A competing tradition persistently implicated his brother and successor, Domitian, as having had a hand in the emperor's demise, but the evidence is highly contradictory and any wrongdoing is difficult to prove. Domitian himself delivered the funeral eulogy and had Titus deified. He also built several monuments in honor of Titus and completed the Temple of Vespasian and Titus, changing the name of the structure to include his brother's and setting up his cult statue in the Temple itself.

Titus was the beneficiary of considerable intelligence and talent, endowments that were carefully cultivated at every step of his career, from his early education to his role under his father's principate. Cassius Dio suggested that Titus' reputation was enhanced by his early death. It is true that the ancient sources tend to heroicize Titus, yet based upon the evidence, his reign must be considered a positive one. He capably continued the work of his father in establishing the Flavian Dynasty and he maintained a high degree of economic and administrative competence in Italy and beyond. In so doing, he solidified the role of the emperor as paternalistic autocrat, a model that would serve Trajan and his successors well. Titus was used as a model by later emperors, especially those known as the Five Good Emperors (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius).

Copyright (C) 1997, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Catholic Encyclopedia, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14746b.htm

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
3 commentsCleisthenes
DomitianARDenariusHorseman.jpg
712a, Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.160 viewsDomitian, as Caesar, AR Denarius. 77-78 AD; RIC 242, VF, 18mm, 3.18grams. Obverse: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIA[NVS], laureate head right ; Reverse: COS V below man with hand raised out behind him on horse prancing right. RSC 49a. Scarce. Ex Zuzim Judaea.

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families

Titus Flavius Domitianus(A.D. 81-96)

John Donahue
College of William and Mary

Domitian was born in Rome on 24 October A.D. 51, the youngest son of Vespasian, Roman emperor (A.D. 69-79) and Domitilla I, a treasury clerk's daughter. Little is known about Domitian in the turbulent 18 months of the four (five?) emperors, but in the aftermath of the downfall of Vitellius in A.D. 69 he presented himself to the invading Flavian forces, was hailed as Caesar, and moved into the imperial residence.

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micromanagers, especially concerning the economy. Shortly after taking office, he raised the silver content of the denarius by about 12% (to the earlier level of Augustus), only to devaluate it in A.D. 85, when the imperial income must have proved insufficient to meet military and public expenses.

Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. An ardent supporter of traditional Roman religion, he also closely identified himself with Minerva and Jupiter, publicly linking the latter divinity to his regime through the Ludi Capitolini, the Capitoline Games, begun in A.D.86. Held every four years in the early summer, the Games consisted of chariot races, athletics and gymnastics, and music, oratory and poetry.

Beyond Rome, Domitian taxed provincials rigorously and was not afraid to impose his will on officials of every rank. Consistent with his concern for the details of administration, he also made essential changes in the organization of several provinces and established the office of curator to investigate financial mismanagement in the cities. Other evidence points to a concern with civic improvements of all kinds, from road building in Asia Minor, Sardinia and near the Danube to building and defensive improvements in North Africa.

While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory. Final victory did not really come until A.D. 89. In Britain, similar propaganda masked the withdrawal of Roman forces from the northern borders to positions farther south, a clear sign of Domitian's rejection of expansionist warfare in the province.

Domitian's autocratic tendencies meant that the real seat of power during his reign resided with his court. The features typically associated with later courts - a small band of favored courtiers, a keen interest in the bizarre and the unusual (e.g., wrestlers, jesters, and dwarves), and a highly mannered, if somewhat artificial atmosphere, characterized Domitian's palace too, whether at Rome or at his Alban villa, some 20 kilometers outside of the capital.

On 18 September, A.D. 96, Domitian was assassinated and was succeeded on the very same day by M. Cocceius Nerva, a senator and one of his amici. The sources are unanimous in stressing that this was a palace plot, yet it is difficult to determine the level of culpability among the various potential conspirators.
In many ways, Domitian is still a mystery - a lazy and licentious ruler by some accounts, an ambitious administrator and keeper of traditional Roman religion by others. As many of his economic, provincial, and military policies reveal, he was efficient and practical in much that he undertook, yet he also did nothing to hide the harsher despotic realities of his rule. This fact, combined with his solitary personality and frequent absences from Rome, guaranteed a harsh portrayal of his rule. The ultimate truths of his reign remain difficult to know.

Copyright (C) 1997, John Donahue.
Published: De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and their Families http://www.roman-emperors.org/startup.htm. Used by permission.

Perhaps the reverse of this Domitian/Horseman specimen depicts Domitian as he rode a white horse behind his father, Vespasian, and his brother, Titus, during their joint triumph celebrating their victory over Judaea (see: Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars. Trans. Robert Graves. London: Penguin, 2003. 304).

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
titus denar RIC21a.jpg
79-81 AD - TITUS AR denarius - struck Jan.-July 80 AD60 viewsobv: IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM (laureate head right)
rev: TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P (trophy with a captive on either side)
ref: RIC 21a (C), RSC 306 (3frcs), BMC 37
3.30gms, 18mm
mint: Rome
Scarce

History: Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the eleventh governor of Roman Britain in AD78 defeated the Ordovices tribe in north Wales and conquered the Druid stronghold of Mona (Anglesey). In AD79 consolidated the north-west of England by forts and garissons. As a result of these events Titus received the title of imperator for the fifteenth time from the beginning of AD 80.
Note: Legio II Adiutrix (later served in Aquincum, Pannonia) fought against the tribe of the Ordovices and occupied the Isle of Mona.
1 commentsberserker
Antoniniano Galieno RIC 283 Göbl 712b.jpg
82-12 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)37 viewsBillon Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI CONS AVG" - Pegaso encabritándose a derecha. "N/H" en exergo.
Invoca la protección del Sol contra la revuelta de Aureolo.

Acuñada 267 - 268 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias:
Göbl #712bvar - RIC Vol.V Parte I #283 Pag.155 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10362 - Cohen Vol.V #979 Pag.436 - DVM #270 Pag.248 - RSC Vol.IV #979 Pag.97 - Cayón #238
mdelvalle
Göbl_712b_Antoniniano_Galieno.jpg
82-12 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)13 viewsBillon Antoniniano 20 x 18 mm 2.7 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI CONS AVG" - Pegaso encabritándose a derecha. "N" retrógrada en exergo.
Invoca la protección del Sol contra la revuelta de Aureolo.

Acuñada 267 - 268 D.C.
Ceca: 9no.taller de Roma

Referencias: Göbl #712b var. - RIC Vol.V Parte I #283 Pag.155 - Sear RCTV Vol.III #10362 Pag.301 - Cohen Vol.V #979 Pag.436 - DVM #270 Pag.248 - RSC Vol.IV #979 Pag.97 - Cayón #238 - Hunter #127
mdelvalle
Antoniniano Galieno RIC 284.jpg
82-13 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)48 viewsBillon Antoniniano 17 x 15 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI CONS AVG" - Pegaso encabritándose a izquierda. "N/H" en exergo.
Invoca la protección del Sol contra la revuelta de Aureolo.

Acuñada 267 - 268 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias:
RIC Vol.V Parte I #284 Pag.155 - Cohen Vol.V #981 Pag.436 - DVM #271 Pag.249 - RSC Vol.IV #981 Pag.97
1 commentsmdelvalle
Göbl_710b_Antoniniano_Galieno.jpg
82-13 - GALIENO (253 - 268 D.C.)18 viewsAE Antoniniano 17 x 15 mm 1.9 gr.

Anv: "GALLIENVS AVG" - Cabeza radiada viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI CONS AVG" - Pegaso encabritándose a izquierda. "N/H" en exergo.
Invoca la protección del Sol contra la revuelta de Aureolo.

Acuñada 267 - 268 D.C.
Ceca: Roma

Referencias: Göbl #710b - RIC Vol.V Parte I #284 Pag.155 - Sear RCTV III #10362 Pag.301 - Cohen Vol.V #981 Pag.436 - DVM #271 Pag.249 - RSC Vol.IV #981 Pag.97 - Hunter #127
mdelvalle
Probus-RIC-202.jpg
88. Probus.16 viewsAntoninianus, 276 - 282 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP PROBVS AVG / Radiate bust of Probus, facing left, and wearing imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre.
Reverse: SOLI INVICTO / Sol in chariot pulled by four horses, holding globe and whip. R * E in exergue.
3.67 gm., 22 mm.
RIC #202; Sear #12038.

This coin is from a collection formed in the mid-1800s in England. One of the gentleman's great grand children finally sold the collection in 1990, which is when I acquired this coin.
Callimachus
92-Constantine -2.JPG
92-Constantine The Great-2-S31 viewsAE Follis, 307-337 AD , Lyons mint.
Obv: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing head left holding Globe.
PLC in exergue.
24mm, 4.6gm
RIC VI 309-Rare.
jdholds
IMG_0102.JPG
96.2 Constantine I, Sol Invictus102 viewsAE 19
SOLIINVIC-TOCOMITI T-F (PLN in ex.)
naked, radiate sol, shoulder draping, holding globe in left hand, right hand empty.
London Mint
1 commentsZam
PARLIAMENT_OF_OWLS.jpg
A Parliament of Owls6 views20 Athenian New Style tetradrachms
It was somewhat difficult to get these normally solitary aves together.

All have differing personalities some are large some are small, some are thin and some are not so thin.

Some are primadonnas, some are more down to earth.

When I got a line up just about right I would find that there had been a squabble and some had gone out of position, but in the end I got there.

20 Athenian New Style tetradrachms : Now this is a parliament of owls!



cicerokid
A_Postumius_Albinus_Hispan.jpg
A. Postumius A.f. S.n. Albinus - AR serratus denarius10 views²Sardinia
¹Rome
¹²81 BC
veiled head of Hispania right
HISPAN
togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle right; fasces with axe right
A· // (AL)BIN // N·S·
POST·A·F
¹Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC I Postumia 8, BMCRR I Rome 2839, SRCV I 297
²Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
3,8g
ex Solidus

Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.
Johny SYSEL
Antoniniano Probo RIC 911.jpg
A101-20 - PROBO (276 - 282 D.C.)36 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado con manto imperial y cetro con águila, viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "SOLI INVICTO" - Sol radiado de frente sobre una cuadriga encabritada, lavantando su mano derecha y portando un látigo en la izquierda. "C M / XXIT" en exergo sin línea de tierra.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 280 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off.3ra.) - Balkiz Turquía
Rareza: C

Referencias: Vol.V Parte II #911H Pag.118 - Sear RCTV (1988) #3371 - Cohen Vol.VI #682 Pag.320 - DVM #48 Pag.262
mdelvalle
RIC_911H_Antoniniano_Probo.jpg
A101-20 - PROBO (276 - 282 D.C.)11 viewsAE Antoniniano 23 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG" - Busto radiado con manto imperial y cetro con águila, viendo a izquierda.
Rev: "SOLI INVICTO" - Sol radiado de frente sobre una cuadriga encabritada, lavantando su mano derecha y portando un látigo en la izquierda. "C M / XXIT" en exergo sin línea de tierra.

Acuñada 3ra. Emisión 280 D.C.
Ceca: Cyzicus (Off.3ra.) - Balkiz Turquía

Referencias: RIC Vb #911H (C) P.118, Sear RCTV III #12041 P.481, Sear RCTV '88 #3371, Cohen VI #682 P.320, DVM #48 P.262, Hunter #316, Pink p.44 series 3
mdelvalle
Follis_Constantino_I_RIC_VII_Ticinum_3.jpg
A121-17 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)62 viewsAE Follis reducido 21 mm 3.7 gr.

Anv: "CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (chlamys) cubre el hombro izquierdo y cuelga a derecha e izquierda del cuerpo, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en la izquierda. "S T" en exergo.

Acuñada 313 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.2da.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Ticinum) #3 Pag.360 - Cohen Vol.VII #514 Pag.289 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236. Pag.164
mdelvalle
Follis_Constantino_I_RIC_VII_Ticinum_8.jpg
A121-17a - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)64 viewsAE Follis reducido 19 mm 3.1 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INVI-C-TO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (chlamys) cubre el hombro izquierdo y cuelga a derecha e izquierda del cuerpo, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en la izquierda. "T T" en exergo y " * " en campo izquierdo.

Acuñada 313 D.C.
Ceca: Ticinum (Off.3ra.)
Rareza: R2

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Ticinum) #8 Pag.360 - Cohen Vol.VII #513 Pag.289 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236. Pag.164.
mdelvalle
Follis Constantino I RIC VII Rome 19.jpg
A121-18 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)56 viewsAE Follis reducido 19 x 21 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo avanzando a izquierda, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en izquierda. "R*P" en exergo, "R" en campo izquierdo y "F" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 314 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Roma) #19 Pag.298 - Cohen Vol.VII #546 Pag.292 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236.e. Pag.164
mdelvalle
Follis_Constantino_I_RIC_VII_Rome_19_bis.jpg
A121-18a - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)58 viewsAE Follis reducido 20 x 19 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" - Busto laureado, con coraza y Paludamentum (capote militar) sobre ella, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo avanzando a izquierda, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en izquierda. "R*S" en exergo, "R" en campo izquierdo y "F" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 314 D.C.
Ceca: Roma (Off.2da.)
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Roma) #19 Pag.298 - Cohen Vol.VII #546 Pag.292 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236.e. Pag.164
mdelvalle
Constantino_Soli_Invicto_Comiti.jpg
A121-19 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)76 viewsAE Follis reducido 21 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (chlamys) sobre su pecho y hombro izquierdo, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en la izquierda. "PTR" en exergo, "A" en campo izquierdo y "S" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 315 - 316 D.C.
Ceca: Trier Alemania (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: S

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Trier) #74 Pag.170 - Cohen Vol.VII #511 Pag.289 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236. Pag.164
1 commentsmdelvalle
Follis_Constantino_I_RIC_VII_Trier_101.jpg
A121-19a - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)59 viewsAE Follis reducido 19 x 18 mm 2.6 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (chlamys) sobre su pecho y hombro izquierdo, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en la izquierda. "ATR" en exergo, "T" en campo izquierdo y "F" en campo derecho.

Acuñada 316 D.C.
Ceca: Trier Alemania (Off.1ra.)
Rareza: C1

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Trier) #101 Pag.172 - Cohen Vol.VII #511 Pag.289 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236. Pag.164
mdelvalle
Follis_Constantino_I_RIC_VII_Lyon_34.jpg
A121-21 - Constantino I "El Grande" (307 - 337 D.C.)53 viewsAE Follis reducido 19 mm 3.0 gr.

Anv: "IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG" - Busto laureado y con coraza, viendo a derecha.
Rev: "SOLI INVIC-TO COMITI" - Sol radiado y semi-desnudo de pié a izquierda, su manto (chlamys) sobre su pecho y hombro izquierdo, levantando su mano derecha y portando un globo en la izquierda. "PLG" en exergo, "TF" en campo izquierdo y ” * ” en campo derecho.

Acuñada 315 - 316 D.C..
Ceca: Lugdunum (Off.1ra.) – Lyon Francia
Rareza: C3

Referencias: RIC Vol.VII (Lyon) #34 Pag.360 - Cohen Vol.VII #511 Pag.289 - DVM #63 Pag.291 - Salgado MRBI Vol.III #8236. Pag.164
mdelvalle
Abdera_shell.jpg
Abdera - AR hemiobol13 views
475-448 BC
forepart of gryffin left
scallop shell within insuce square
May 198-9; SNG Copenhagen 319
ex Solidus
Johny SYSEL
Teos_hemiobol~0.jpg
Abdera - AR obol9 views473-448 BC
seated griffin left rising leg
quadripartite incuse square
May 191; SNG Cop. 312 ff.
ex Solidus
Johny SYSEL
sear_1004a.jpg
AE follis Constans II SB 100421 viewsObverse: INPER CONST or similar Bust facing, beardless wearing crown and chlamys, and holding gl. cr.
Reverse: Large M, ANNA to L., NEOG in exergue, cross above to r. regnal year (II,I) officina letter E
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 642/3 CE
Sear 1004 DO under Heraclona 5
25mm 5.01gm
Solid green patina
1 commentswileyc
constantinesolinvictoarl.jpg
AE3 Constantine I. SOLI INVICTO COMITI. Arles. R414 viewsIMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised. P in left field.

Exergue: P star-over-crescent A

RIC 169 Arles (R4).

Ferrando nº281 (5 copies listed) 2010.
Weir D
IMG_1834.JPG
AE3 Constantino I. SOLI INVICTO COMITI. Roma (RIC 136 R3)85 viewsAnverso: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverso: SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing left, chlamys across left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised. T in wreath in left field.
Exergo: RS (2a oficina Roma)

RIC 136 (R3)
Weir D
990~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 005.022 17 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: ADVENTVS AVG
BUST TYPE: F5
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//TXXI
WEIGHT 3.90g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21-22,5 mm
RIC: 627 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH IMP C PROBVS P AVG LEGEND)
ALFOLDI 005.022 (3 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 990
EX DATTARI COLLECTION
NOTE: Rare bust type in combination with rare obverse legend in combination with very rare mintmark TXXI. This coin is part of a very rare and brief emission struck by the third officina with the letter T before the reform mark XXI (sometimes the letter "t" is in the field). Only Adventvs and Soli invicto reverses were struck in this brief emission
Barnaba6
1434.JPG
ALFOLDI 065.2A8 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/VII//XXI
WEIGHT 3.36g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 20=22mm
RIC: 750 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH IMP PROBVS P AVG LEGEND)
ALFOLDI: 065.2A
COLLECTION NO. 1434

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

Very rare obverse legend IMP C PROBVS P AVG (without the usual F[elix] before AVG)
Barnaba6
1242~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 071 / - UNLISTED29 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Spread quadriga)
BUST TYPE: E1 = radiate, cuirassed and helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIV
WEIGHT 2.80g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 776
ALFOLDI 071 / - (unlisted for officina V with E1 bust and long P F AVG legend)
COLLECTION NO. 1242
Barnaba6
25~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 071.01218 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Spread quadriga)
BUST TYPE: E1 = radiate, cuirassed and helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.00g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 20-23mm
RIC 776
ALFOLDI 071.012 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1124

Very rare
Barnaba6
1318~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 073 / - UNLISTED WITH PEGASUS ON SHIELD 12 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Spread qudariga)
BUST TYPE: E1 = Radiate, cuirassed and helmeted bust left, hodling spear and shield (decorated with Pegasus)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/Γ//XXI
WEIGHT 3.63 / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21-22 mm
RIC 779
ALFOLDI 073 / - (UNLISTED)
COLLECTION NO. 1318
NOTE: PEGASUS ON SHIELD

only specimen of this type known to me ! (This coin is desribed on probuscoins.fr as Alföldi 73/71 but in my opinion this attribution is incorrect; Alfoldi 73/71 does not have a pegasus on shield but a horseman with soldiers in the field; also the position of the gamma mintmark is more to the right intead of central as shown on coin no. 73/71)

Same obverse die as my coin no. 817 (Adventvs Probi Avg with gamma//XXI in exergue) and coin. no. 767 (Adventvs Probi Avg with KA in exergue).

Ex Ph. Gysen collection
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 073 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH NO MINTMARKS!!)68 viewsOBVERSE: VIRTVS PROBI AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//-
WEIGHT 3.54g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21-23mm
RIC 779 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH NO MINTMARKS)
ALFOLDI: UNLISTED !!!
COLLECTION NO. 862
EXTREMELY RARE !
PEGASUS ON SHIELD
1 commentsBarnaba6
1453.jpg
ALFOLDI 073.0098 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Spread quadriga)
BUST TYPE: B1 = radiate, cuirassed bust left
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIVII
WEIGHT: / AXIS: / WIDTH:
RIC 778 VAR. (B1 bust AND VII OFFICINA UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 073.009 (only 1 ex. cited located in La Venera hoard)
COLLECTION NO. 1453
Barnaba6
44~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 073.030 NO MINTMARK 42 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//-
WEIGHT 3.99g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 20-21mm
RIC 776 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH NO MINTMARKS)
ALFOLDI 073.030 (4 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 895
1 commentsBarnaba6
42~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 073.03266 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/E//XXI
WEIGHT 3.99g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 20-21mm
RIC 776 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH E IN RIGHT FIELD)
ALFOLDI 073.032
COLLECTION NO. 891
2 commentsBarnaba6
6~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 073.03426 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: Δ//XXI
WEIGHT 2.75g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 776 VAR. (DELTA IN FIELD UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 073.034
COLLECTION NO. 173
1 commentsBarnaba6
1412.JPG
ALFOLDI 073.0449 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Spread quadriga)
BUST TYPE: H2 = radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIζ
WEIGHT 3.85g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 21-22mm
RIC 776 VAR. (UNLISTED WITH XXIζ MINTMARK)
ALFOLDI 073.044 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1412
Barnaba6
1073.JPG
ALFOLDI 073.0489 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.18g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 776
ALFOLDI 073.048 (5 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 1073
EX H. SCHEINER COLLECTION
Barnaba6
19~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 074 / - UNLISTED IN ALFOLDI !!!35 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.03g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 776
ALFOLDI 074 / - UNLISTED!
COLLECTION NO. 1018
SIELD DECORATED WITH PEGASUS
NOTE: THE COIN EXHIBITS FEATURES CHARACTERISTIC FOR A CAST THOUGH THE STYLE IS FINE, I HAVE NEVER COME ACROSS A SIMILAR SPECIMEN BEFORE (SO IF IT IS A CAST INDEED IT WAS ONLY A ONE SPECIMEN PRODUCTION) AND IT WAS A BARGAIN, SO THERE CERTAINLY WAS NO ILL INTENT ON THE SELLER'S PART...
Barnaba6
1233.jpg
ALFOLDI 074.00326 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (QUADRIGA TO LEFT)
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: A//XXI
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21mm
RIC 776 var. (UNLISTED WITH A//XXI MINTMARK)
ALFOLDI 074.003 (6 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1233
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 074.00715 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIB
WEIGHT 3.84g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 776
ALFOLDI 074.007 (3 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1058
EX PH. GYSEN COLLECTION
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 075.002 14 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.63g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 777
ALFOLDI 075.002
COLLECTION NO. 608
RARE
Barnaba6
1433~0.JPG
ALFOLDI 076 / - (UNLISTED WITH THIS BUST TYPE)7 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Sol in quadriga galloping left)
BUST TYPE: F8 VAR. = radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding shield only (without spear)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.06g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC: 767 VAR. (UNISTED WITH THIS BUST TYPE)
ALFOLDI: 076 / - (UNLISTED WITH THIS BUST)
COLLECTION NO. 1433

Ex Ph. Gysen collection

Extremely rare bust type!
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.00111 viewsOBVERSE: PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: A2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.21g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 20-22mm
RIC 772 VAR. (BUST A2 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.001
COLLECTION NO.
SCARCE OBVERSE LEGEND
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.00518 viewsOBVERSE: PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.22g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 772
ALFOLDI 076.005
COLLECTION NO. 679
SCARCE OBVERSE LEGEND
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.018 16 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION) = radiate bust left in consular robe
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIS
WEIGHT g / AXIS: h / WIDTH mm
RIC 770 VAR. (BUST H UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.018 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1100
VERY RARE BUST !
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.022 H BUST18 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVII
WEIGHT 3.26g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 770 VAR. (BUST H UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.022
COLLECTION NO. 609
VERY RARE BUST !
Barnaba6
71~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.03411 viewsOBVERSE: IMP PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: A2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIVI
WEIGHT 4.21g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21mm
RIC 770
ALFOLDI 076.034
COLLECTION NO. 919
Barnaba6
40~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.06215 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (Quadriga left)
BUST TYPE: H2 = radiate bust left in consular robe, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//TXXI
WEIGHT 3.75g / AXIS: 1h / DIAMETER: 21-22mm
RIC: 771 VAR. (H2 bust and TXXI mintmark unlisted)
ALFOLDI 076.062 (3 ex. including 1 in La Venera hoard)
COLLECTION NO. 1142

NOTE: Very rare mintmark TXXI. This coin is part of a very rare and brief emission struck by the third officina with the letter T before the reform mark XXI (sometimes the letter "t" is in the field). Only Adventvs and Soli invicto reverses were struck during this brief emission at Siscia.

Ex Gianni collection
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.06426 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.35g / AXIS: 11h / WIDTH 22-23mm
RIC 771 VAR. (F5 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.064 (1 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1003
EXTREMELY RARE !!!
Note: Gorgoneion on cuirass
Ex S. Luethi's collection
Barnaba6
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ALFOLDI 076.07924 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.61g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC: 769 VAR. (XXIP MINTMARK UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.079
COLLECTION NO. 794
Barnaba6
72~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.1059 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.12g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC: 768
ALFOLDI 076.105 (4 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 1086
Barnaba6
1230.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.11822 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (QUADRIGA TO LEFT)
BUST TYPE: H2 =Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.118 (9 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 1230

Note: no exergual line
Barnaba6
487.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.125 F5 BUST 28 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F5 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.40g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774 VAR. (BUST F5 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.125
COLLECTION NO. 520
VERY RARE
Barnaba6
488.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.133 17 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: F1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 4.43g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.133
COLLECTION NO. 414
Barnaba6
11~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.13810 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 3.29g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.138
COLLECTION NO. 694
Barnaba6
490.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.13918 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.03g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.139
COLLECTION NO. 534
Barnaba6
121~2.JPG
ALFOLDI 076.1456 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.43g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH 22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.145
COLLECTION NO. 121
Barnaba6
12~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.14610 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIS
WEIGHT 2.90g / AXIS: 7h / WIDTH: 22-25mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.146
COLLECTION NO. 770
Barnaba6
1228.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.14721 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO (QUADRIGA TO LEFT)
BUST TYPE: H2 =Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 3.71g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21,5mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.147 (14 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 1228
Barnaba6
489.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.14818 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.82g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.148
COLLECTION NO. 645
Barnaba6
63~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.14919 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.73g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC: 767
ALFOLDI 076.149
COLLECTION NO. 795
Barnaba6
1205~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.15815 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: A2 = Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from back
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIVII
WEIGHT 3.53g / AXIS: h / WIDTH:23mm
MINT: SISCIA
RIC: 767
ALFOLDI 076.158
COLLECTION NO. 1205
Note: This coin was struck in the 7th workshop which opened in 280 A.D. and was operated by an engraver who came from Serdica. The style of the emperor's portrait and the lettering is clearly that of Serdica. The mint at Serdica temporarily closed in 280 A.D. and its scalptores went to open the 7th workshop at Siscia and the 9th workshop at Antioch - see S. Estiot, L’Empereur et l’usurpateur: un 4e atelier oriental sous Probus"; 2015, p. 264-265.
Barnaba6
264~1.JPG
ALFOLDI 076.1595 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 2.90g / AXIS: 7h
RIC 767 VAR. (BUST B1 UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.159
COLLECTION NO. 264
EX M.G. COLLECTION
SCARCE BUST TYPE
Barnaba6
73~3.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.16112 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.79g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH: 22-24mm
RIC 767 VAR. (B1 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 076.161 (1 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1036
VERY RARE WITH THIS BUST TYPE!
Barnaba6
494.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.16717 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.24g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.167
COLLECTION NO. 711
Barnaba6
14~4.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.168 10 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIS
WEIGHT 4.01g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-22,5mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.168 (5 ex.)
COLLECTION NO. 1087
Barnaba6
15~2.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.17012 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIQ
WEIGHT 3.76g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 767
ALFOLDI 076.170
COLLECTION NO. 615
Barnaba6
492.jpg
ALFOLDI 076.171 15 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: E1 (BASTIEN'S CLASSIFICATION)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIV
WEIGHT 2.98g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21-23mm
RIC 774
ALFOLDI 076.171
COLLECTION NO. 655
Barnaba6
1181.jpg
ALFOLDI 081.00116 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 3.53g / AXIS: 11h / DIAMETER: 21-22mm
RIC 783
ALFOLDI 081.001 (21 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1181
Note: a scarcer variant (Soli Invicto AVG instead of just Soli Invicto) of this otherwise very popular reverse type in Probus' coinage
Barnaba6
1199.jpg
ALFOLDI 081.00316 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 4.06g / AXIS: 6h / DIAMETER: 21,5mm
RIC 783
ALFOLDI 081.003 (6 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1199
Note: a scarcer variant (Soli Invicto AVG instead of just Soli Invicto) of this otherwise very popular reverse type in Probus' coinage
Barnaba6
16~6.jpg
ALFOLDI 081.00511 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIV
WEIGHT 2.89g
RIC 783 VAR. (XXIV MINTMARK UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 081.005 (4 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1007
Barnaba6
1320~0.jpg
ALFOLDI 081.011 12 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: F8 = Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield, seen from rear
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIV
WEIGHT 3.42 / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 21 mm
RIC 783 VAR. (F8 BUST AND XXIV MINTMARK UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 081.011 (1 EX. MISSONG)
COLLECTION NO. 1320

Only second known specimen to me (the other coin is in Vienna (Missong) and is cited by Alfoldi)

Ex Ph. Gysen collection
Barnaba6
1234.jpg
ALFOLDI 082.00228 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2 = Radiate bust left in imperial mantle, holding eagle-tipped sceptre (scipio)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIT
WEIGHT 2.82g / AXIS: 12h / DIAMETER: 21-23mm
RIC 783
ALFOLDI 082.002 (2 EX.)
COLLECTION NO. 1234
Note: a scarcer variant (Soli Invicto AVG instead of just Soli Invicto) of this otherwise very popular reverse type in Probus' coinage
Barnaba6
485.jpg
ALFOLDI 083.003 VAR.31 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG
BUST TYPE: H2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: --//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.23g / AXIS: 6h / WIDTH 21-22mm
RIC 781 (R)
ALFOLDI 083.003 VAR. (NO CLOUDS UNDERNEATH QUADRIGA)
COLLECTION NO. 104
NOTE: THIS IS THE ONLY SPECIMEN IN THE WORLD KNOWN TO ME
Barnaba6
24~7.jpg
ALFOLDI 083.008 CORRECTED29 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO AVG (Spread quadriga)
BUST TYPE: F1 = radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; divergent wreath ties
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXIP
WEIGHT 4.12g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 21,5-22mm
RIC 781 VAR. (F1 BUST UNLISTED)
ALFOLDI 083.008 corr. (1 ex. in La Venera Hoard)
COLLECTION NO. 1120

Extremely rare reverse type (SOLI INVICTO AVG in spread quadriga instead of Soli Invicto only).

Apparently only the second known specimen in the world with this bust type and officina (the first one being in La Venera hoard). Alfoldi erroneously depicted clouds underneath the spread quadriga on La Venera specimen. In reality, there are no clouds on the Venera specimen, as on my specimen (the latter information courtesy of Jean Guillemain).
Barnaba6
anastassolidfull.png
Anastasius solidus20 viewsAnastasius ( 491-518 ) , AV Solidus , 491-498 , Constantinople. Off . H. Right : B. three-quarters face , holding a spear and shield. Reverse: VICTORI -A AVCCCH / CONOB Victory standing left, holding a long cross. On the right, a star. Sear, 3; O.D. 3g ; M.I.B. 4 4,37gChance Vandal
0084.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus44 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

RRC 28/3 or similar (Is there any resource to further discuss the anonymous quadrigati?)

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

ex Asta del Titano M3, lot#91
4 commentsNorbert
AnDid.jpg
Anonymous Didrachm / Quadrigatus **SOLD**131 viewsAnonymous. Silver Didrachm (6.80g, 22.5mm), ca. 225-214 BC. Uncertain mint.

O: Laureate head of Janus (Dioscuri?), two annulets atop head.
R: ROMA incuse on solid tablet in exergue, Jupiter, hurling thunderbolt and holding scepter, in galloping quadriga right driven by Victory.

- ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachf., Crawford ?

"Silver Quadrigatus Roman coinage was fortified during the Second Punic War. In addition to gold coins, the Romans issued copper and silver coins, sometimes in enormous quantities. The principal silver coin of the war was a reduced-weight didrachm called a "quadrigatus" after its reverse design, a four-horse chariot (quadriga) bearing Victory and Jupiter. There are many varieties of quadrigati, as revealed by differences in die engraving, metal purity and production standards, not to mention subtle variations of the main design. This suggests that several mints issued quadrigati at different times, and under quite different circumstances. The double-head on the obverse usually is described as the god Janus because of its distinctive form, but the faces are of young men, and it more likely represents the Dioscuri, the gods Castor and Pollux, who were credited with saving Rome at the Battle of Lake Regillus nearly three centuries before." - David Vagi
3 commentsNemonater
BOTH_GONATAS.jpg
Antigonas 11 Gonatas Tetradrachm c 270 / 239 BC8 viewsObv: Head of horned Pan left, wearing goat skin, lagobolon over shoulder, within double solid circle on Macedonian shield decorated with 7 stars with 8 rays within double crescents.
Rev: Ins: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΓΟΝΟΥ Athena Alkidemos advancing left, holding shield with Gorgoneion head and hurling thunderbolt. Helmet inner left, Rare MTY monogram inner right
Amphipolis Mint 17.10gm 30.5 mm
cicerokid
Antiochus_III~3.jpg
Antiochus III 223 - 187 B.C.10 viewsAntiochus III 223 - 187 B.C. Ae 23.5mm. 14.96g. (Soli mint 197 - 187 B.C.). Obv: Head of Apollo r., hair rolled around face, krobylos behind, two long spiral curls falling forward over shoulder, dotted border. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOΥ, Athena enthroned l. holding Nike crowning royal name, elbow resting on shield, dotted border. SC 1024.2b. Coins of the Seleucid Empire Part II No 232ddwau
gsr1.JPG
ANTIQUITIES, Roman, Bronze applique of female head, c.150 A.D.24 viewsSolid cast, heavy applique, in the form of a female head.
It was said to have been found outside Piercebridge Roman Fort.
Height: 2 1/9 inches.
Piercebridge Roman Fort (possibly originally known as Morbium or Vinovium) is a scheduled ancient monument situated in the village of Piercebridge on the banks of the River Tees in County Durham, England.
superflex
IMG_4523-horz.jpg
Antoninianus Aurelian31 viewsAntoninianus
Aurelian
Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, bust radiated, right
Rev: SOLI INVICTO XXI. T ., Sol standing left with two captives

Diameter: 21mm
Weight: 3,57g
RIC 308
Tomasz P
007~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica92 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP5_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica83 views450 - 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
Capture_00016.JPG
Apollonia Pontica56 views450 – 425 B.C.
Silver Drachm
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
AP3_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm103 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 13-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP2_a.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm61 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13-15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing, narrow forehead, hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
a05_626.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm97 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.15 gm, 13.5 - 15 mm
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair parted in the middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
1 commentsJaimelai
Capture_00003b.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm59 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.26 gm, 13-14 mm
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap3_50~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.31 gm, 13.2 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs; elaborate design with pronounced face wrinkles and spoked wheel/star pattern ear-rings, on a webbed aegis shield tipped with coiled snakes.
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9; SNG BM Black Sea 156

Certified Authentic by David R. Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 501CR/GC/CO/CD)

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
018b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
002_2~1.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm39 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.16 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
012~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm46 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.21 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
1 commentsJaimelai
AP11_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm34 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
Capture_00016_(2)~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm44 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.28 gm, 14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with straight bangs parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
AP5_b2.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm33 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.13 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
7.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 56 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.14 gm, 15 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wild hair and snakes
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear Vol. 1, p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and
the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
AP5_a~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 37 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.20 gm, 12-14 mm
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing with hair in tufts

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
011~0.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm 36 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.24 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655 var.

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and toungue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
ap_33~0.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm27 views450 - 425 B.C.
3.09 gm, 14.3 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev: Gorgon head facing in tufts parted in middle

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
ap_real_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm45 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.27 gm, 13.7 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to right, crayfish to left.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair with wavy bangs
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44;
Sear 1655;
BMC 15, p. 8 5-7& 9;
SNG BM Black Sea 153-6 & 158

Certified Authentic by David Sear (A.C.C.S. Ref. 502CR/GC/CO/CD)

Note: From same dies as the source coin of the series of cast fakes (see Fake Coin Reports)

Topalov Type 44: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
2 commentsJaimelai
ap44.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm24 views450 – 424 B.C.
3.20 gm, 13 mm
Obv.: Anchor; A to left, crayfish to right
Rev.: Attic Gorgon head facing with straight vertical hair and wavy bangs, snaky ringlets circle face
Topalov Apollonia p.348, 11; p.588, 44

Topalov Type: Upright Anchor - Gorgon's Head: Last Late Issues (450-424 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left between the fluke and the stock and the letter “A” right (or visa versa).
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormally open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
44_50.jpg
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Silver Drachm22 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.18 gm, 15.98 mm
Obv.: Inverted anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Rev: Noble Attic Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in the middle
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44; Sear 1655; HGC 3, 1323

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor, a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or on the right - Full-face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above and the letter “A” right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.

Description from Topalov Apollonia 2007
Jaimelai
016~4.JPG
Apollonia Pontica Topalov 44 - Siver Drachm40 views450 – 425 B.C.
3.17 g., 13-15 mm.
Rev: Archaic Ionian Gorgon head facing with wavy hair parted in middle
Obv.: Anchor; crayfish to left, A to right
Topalov Apollonia p. 588, 44
Sear p. 165, 1655

Topalov Type: "Upright Anchor a crab as an additional symbol and the letter A on the left or right - Full-Face Gorgon's Head" Last Late Issues (450-425 B.C.)
Obv.: Upright anchor with large flukes and solid stock. An additional symbol of a crab viewed from above left and the letter A right (or visa versa) between the fluke and the stock.
Rev.: Full-face of a noble Gorgon's head with a low narrow forehead, projecting eyebrows and eyes, a short flat nose, abnormaly open mouth, long teeth and tongue. Human hair mixed with snakes with thin bodies. The image in a concave circle.
Jaimelai
arcadius_const_29.jpg
Arcadius RIC X, 29165 viewsArcadius 383 - 408, son of Theodosius I
AV - Solidus, 4.40g, 21mm
Constantinopolis 9.officina, ca. 403 - 408
obv. DN ARCADI - VS PF AVG
bust cuirassed, laureate, helmeted and pearl-diademed
head 3/4 r., with spear across r. shoulder and shield with
horseman spearing enemy at l. shoulder
rev. NOVA SPES REI PVBLICAE
Victory sitting r. on cuirass, shield behind, with l. hand holding shield
on l. knee, scribing with r. hand XX above XXX on it.
field: star and Theta
exergue: CONOB
RIC X, 29
R2; good VF
added to www.wildwinds.com

OB, possibly from Greek obryzon = refined (gold). In the later Roman Empire the word was regularly used to describe gold which had been melted down and testet before being returned for minting
Jochen
Arcadioconcord.JPG
Arcadius solidus54 viewsObserve: D.N. ARCADIVS P.F. AVG.
Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGGS
Mint: CONOB
Weight:4,4 gr.
Corduba
ArcadioVictoria.JPG
Arcadius solidus54 viewsObserve: D.N. ARCADIVS P.F. AVG.
Reverse: VICTORIA AVGGG. In the field, M.D. In the exergue COMOB
Mint: Mediolanum.
Weight: 4,4 gr.
Corduba
arkadianleagueOR.jpg
Arkadia, Megalopolis, BMC Peloponnesus pg 174, 62-6349 viewsArkadia, Megalopolis mint, Arkadian League Trichalkon, c. 330-275 B.C. AE, 19mm 6.04g, BCD Peloponnesus (Megalopolis) 1533, BMC Peloponnesus pg 174, 62-63
O: Horned head of Pan r.
R: Large APk monogram of solid form; A to left, syrinx below
4 commentscasata137ec
coriosolites.jpg
Armorican League48 viewsArmorican League, Gaul, Billon Stater, 1st Century BC.
Obverse- Bust with pointed nose right.
Reverse- Stylized horse right with an even more stylized charioteer behind.
SCBC 15, 6.57g
1 commentsb70
Hierocaesarea_22.jpg
Asia Minor, Lydia, Hierocaesarea, Artemis, altar 26 viewsLydia, Hierokaisareia
Pseudo-autonomous issue
First half of the second century
Pseudo-autonomous issue
Obv: draped bust of Artemis Persica r., with quiver and arrow at breast
Rev.: ΙΕΡΟΚΑΙСΑΡΕΩN, lighted altar
AE, 2.22g, 16mm
Ref.: RPC online, Volume 3, 1857 (this coin)
Ex Solidus Online-Auktion 12, 18 Feb. 2017, lot 239
1 commentsshanxi
Pergamon_45.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Herakles, Athena12 viewsMysia, Pergamon
Diobol, 330-284 BC
Obv.: head of Herakles right, clad in lion's skin
Rev.: ΠEΡΓAM, cult statue of Athena standing facing, holding spear and shield
Ag, 1.27g, 11mm
Ref.: SNG Paris 1558
Ex Solidus Numsimatik, auction11, Lot 100
shanxi
AthensOwl.jpg
Athens, Greece, Pi-Style III Tetradrachm, 353 - c. 340 B.C69 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 17.1g, Athens mint, oval flan, typical of the type.
O: Head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and pi-style floral scroll, pellet in ear.
R: Owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent, pellet over eyes.
- Kroll Pi-Style p. 244, fig. 8; Flament p. 126, 3; SNG Cop 63; SNG Munchen 96; SNG Delepierre 1479; Svoronos Athens pl. 20: 2

Unlike the customary flans of 5th and earlier 4th century Athenian tetradrachms that have solid, rounded edges from having been cast in a mold, these were struck on thick planchets made of flattened, folded-over, older tetradrachms. The flattened coins were not just folded in two but were folded over a second time to produce a planchet of three or four layers

There are three distinct features of this type of Athens Owl coinage. 1st, they have flans that are commonly misshapen. A number of them are so distorted that numismatists and collectors in Greece have long referred to them as “logs” (koutsoura); these are the tetradrachms in the form of long, stretched ovals with one or two nearly straight sides. 2nd, since the flans, of whatever shape, were ordinarily too small for the full relief designs of the dies, relatively few pi-style coins were minted with their entire obverse and/or reverse type showing. 3rd, just as the diameters and surface areas of the pi flans are generally smaller than those of Athenian tetradrachms of the 5th century and of the first half of the 4th century, they tend also to be exceptionally thick.

The name Pi-style refers to the floral helmet ornament on the obverse which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril.
5 commentsNemonater
__57kk.jpg
Atractivo antoniniano de Probo. 13 viewsSOLI INVICTO. CM / XXIQ.
Attractive Probus antoninianus. SOLI INVICTO. CM / XXIQ. 4,04 gm., 22 mm. _2297
Antonivs Protti
DSC_0006.JPG
ATTICA. Athens. Ca. 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR tetradrachm29 viewsATTICA. Athens. Ca. 2nd-1st centuries BC. AR tetradrachm (34mm, 16.94 gm, 12h). NGC XF 4/5 - 3/5, brushed, die shift. New Style coinage, ca. 148/7 BC, Ammo(nius) and Dio-, magistrates. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet decorated with a vine scroll, Pegasus above solid upturned cheek flap / A-ΘE / AM/MΩ / ΔIO, owl standing facing on overturned amphora; kerchnos in left field, A below, all within wreath. Thompson 101a. 4 commentsMark R1
coin460.JPG
Aurelian7 viewsIMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
SOLI INVICTO, Sol standing left, right hand raised, at foot a captive, left hand holding globe
Ex Q
Siscia 257 (I don't see a star in the left field)

From Uncleaned pile
ecoli
aurcomb.JPG
Aurelian45 viewsSilvered Antoninianus 22 mm 3.3 g 270-275 AD
OBV :: IMP C AURELIANVS AVG. Radiated and cuirassed bust right
REV :: SOLI INVICTO. Sol standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe. Captif seated left with star above him
EX :: KA ( TRIPOLIS )
RIC 390
RIC rated Common
from uncleaned lot 03/2007
Johnny
Aurelien Sol Invicto PxxT.jpg
Aurelian Antoninianus (called Aurelianus after 274 A.D.)27 viewsVE, 22mm, 274 A.D. , Ticinium
Obv:Imp Aurelianus Aug
Rev: Soli Invicto
Exer: PXXT
Ref: CMIR Vol II, Juan R. Cayon, p.1255 #81
Jean Paul D
00239.jpg
Aurelian (RIC 154, Coin #239)8 viewsRIC 154 (C), Silvered AE Antoninianus, Ticinum, 270-275 AD.
Obv: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG Radiate & cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SOLI INVICTO (TXXT) Sol walking left between 2 captives, treading one down, right hand raised, globe in left hand.
Size: 23.0mm 4.04gm
MaynardGee
1351_Aurelian_3215.jpg
Aurelian - AE antoninianus5 viewsTripolis
spring - summer 273 AD
Issue 1
radiate and cuirassed bust left
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Sol facing, head left, wearing chalmys, raising hand and holding globe in left; at feet to left a bound and captive in oriental dress
SOLI__INVICTO
*
LV 10826; RIC1st 390
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/3215
ex Naumann
Johny SYSEL
1416_Aurelian_Rome_VII2.jpg
Aurelian - AE Antoninianus9 viewsSiscia
spring 274 AD
Issue 7, Phase 2
radiate and cuirassed bust
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Sol half-right, head left, raising hand and holding globe, bounded captive in oriental dress at feet to left
SOLI INVICTO
*
VII
LV 8034; RIC1st 257 var.; http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/2295

ex Aurea
Johny SYSEL
734_Aurelian_Soli_Invicto.jpg
Aurelian - silvered antoninianus7 viewsTicinum
VI – IX 274 AD
Issue 2
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left
SOLI__INVICTO
*
QXXT
LV 5293-332; RIC 154
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1536
Johny SYSEL
1354_Aurelian_1530.jpg
Aurelian - silvered antoninianus11 viewsTicinum
VI – IX 274 AD
Issue 2
radiate, cuirassed bust right
IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
Sol standing left, with right hand raised and holding globe in left, right foot resting on a bound captive in oriental dress standing left; on the other side, another bound captive in oriental dress right, head turned left
SOLI__INVICTO
*
PXXT
LV 5144-90; RIC1st 154
http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1530
Johny SYSEL
R-04.jpg
Aurelian 270-275 CE, Ticinum mint Æ 23mm, Antoninianus.56 viewsAurelian 270-275 CE, Ticinum mint Æ 23mm, Antoninianus.

Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SOLI INVICTO, Sol walking left with orb, hand raised, between two captives, treading one down; star to left, TXXT in ex.

Reference: RIC 154f, Cohen 234.
Daniel Friedman
AAHHb_small.png
Aurelian Antoninianus8 viewsAurelian, 270-275 AD.

Uncertain Phoenician Mint [Tripoli?]. AD 270 - AD 275

21mm., 4.15g.

IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG. Bust of Aurelian, radiate, cuirassed, right

SOLI INVICTO. Sol, radiate, standing left, raising right hand, holding globe in left hand; at his feet, captive

References: RIC V Aurelian 390

AAHH
RL
84~1.jpg
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 153815 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//PXXT
MINT: TICINUM
EMMISSION: 3
WEIGHT: 3.55
AXIS: 6H
RIC TEMP: 1538 (39 EX.)
EX G. DATTARI COLLECTION
Barnaba6
RIC_TEMP_2716.JPG
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 2716 B4 BUST5 viewsOBVERSE: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B4 (cuirassed bust right seen from back)
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//XXI•T•
MINT: SERDICA
WEIGHT:
RIC TEMP: 2716 (4 EX.)
This is only the 5th known specimen in the world !!!
Barnaba6
84~0.jpg
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 2986 10 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI CONSERVATORI
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: A//TWO CAPTIVES
MINT: CYZICUS
EMMISSION: 3
WEIGHT:
RIC TEMP: 2986 (8 EX.)
NOTE: VERY RARE AND DESIRABLE REVERSE TYPE !!!
Barnaba6
67~0.jpg
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 321814 viewsOBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */-//KA
MINT: TRIPOLIS
EMMISSION: 2
WEIGHT: 4.23
AXIS: 6H
RIC TEMP: 3218 (16 EX.)
EX DATTARI COLLECTION
Barnaba6
NNN1702.jpg
AURELIAN RIC TEMP 3219 17 views OBVERSE: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: B1
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: */-//KA
MINT: TRIPOLIS
WEIGHT: 4,05
RIC TEMP: 3219 (20 EX.)
EX G. DATTARI COLLECTION
NOTE: SCARSE AND DESIRABLE BUST TYPE !
Barnaba6
111r.jpg
AURELIANO, 270-275 d.C. (R/ SOLI INVICTO)40 viewsAurelianus 270-275 d.C., antoniniano di bronzo. Zecca di Ticinum
AE, 4.559 gr, 24.5 mm, 180°, VF (BB)
D/ IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, busto radiato e corazzato a dx
R/ SOLI INVICTO, Sol stante a sx con la mano alzata e reggente un globo, piede sul prigioniero a sx, prigioniero sotto il piede destro, stella a dx, TXXT in ex. Vecchia crepa al margine.
RIC V 154
Provenienza: collezione Berardengo, Roma Italia (26 luglio 2008, numero catalogo 79); ex FAC (Morehead City NC, Usa, fino al 2008)
paolo
basili D.jpg
Basiliscus - Solidus94 viewsBasiliscus & Marcus AV Solidus. Constantinople mint, 475-476 AD. D N BASILISCI ET MARC P AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, & cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear & shield / VICTORIA AVGGG I, Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross; star in right field, CONOB in ex.
RIC 1024 . Rare.
1 commentsTanit
1700.jpg
BASILISCUS and MARC.90 viewsAV solidus. Constantinople 475-476 AD. 4,49 grs. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear and shield . D N bASILISCI ET MARC P AVC / Victory standing left, holding long jewelled cross. Star in right field. VICTORI-A AVGGG. CONOB in exergue.
Officina delta.

benito
BAVARIA_c1622_2_KREUZER.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian I184 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I (1597–1651) AR 2 Kreuzer, c. 1623. Obv: Arms of Bavaria in circle, "*M.C.P.R.V.B.D.S.R.I.A.E.E (Maximilianus. Comes Paletinus Rheni, Utruisque Bavariae Dux, Sacri Romani Imperii Archidapifer, Et Elector.
Rev.: Orb with "2" inside; SOLI DEO GLORIA. The piece, though undated, MUST be made c. 1623. Maximilian was Elector from 1623–1651. Coins were dated beginning 1623, so this may be an earlier issue of that year. KM-20. Krause lists this as pre-1623, but I do not agree, due to the title on the coins mentioning ELECTOR.
dpaul7
BAVARIA_ND_2_KR_C1623.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165175 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, No Date. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . Reference: KM #20. Note: Prev. KM#30.dpaul7
BAVARIA_2_KR_1625.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165172 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1625. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1625 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.
dpaul7
BAVARIA_2_KR_1632.jpg
BAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-165161 viewsBAVARIA - Maximilian I - 1598-1651 AR 2 Kreuzer, 1632. Obv: Spade-shaped Bavarian arms in inner circle. Legend: * M. C. P. R. V. B. D. S. R. I. A. E. E. Rev: Orb with 2 at bottom in inner circle. . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA . 1632 Reference: KM #128. Note: Prev. KM#31.dpaul7
BCC_LH1_Lead_Head_comp.jpeg
BCC LH115 viewsLead Head
Cast lead figure of a miniature
stylized head, possibly crimped on
to a shaft or tang? This specimen
is unusual in that it is slightly
larger and heavier than the other
heads in this assemblage, and the
face is flat (solid?) with a hollow neck.
My father recalled seeing a similar
object with an iron blade attached to
it at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
in New York, but I have not been
able to confirm this.
49 x 23 x 9.5mm. 32.28gm.
Surface find, 1976, Caesarea Maritima
J. Berlin Caesarea Collection
v-drome
licinius_soli_in.jpg
BCC Lr1818 viewsLate Roman Imperial
Licinius I 308-324CE
Obv:IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev:SOLI INVIC[TI COMITI]
Sol standing to left, in field to left: R over X
in field to right F. In exergue: mint mark RT
AE3 18x20mm 2.93gm. Axis:120
Rome RIC VII 30
v-drome
constantine_soli_LR52.jpg
BCC Lr5223 viewsLate Roman
Constantine I 306-337 CE
Obv:IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped and cuirassed? bust right.
Rev:SOLI INVICTO COMITI
Sol standing left, holding globe and raising hand.
Across field M-F
AE18.5mm. 3.31gm. Axis:0
Possible reference: RIC VII ?
Arles Mint?
v-drome
Benito.jpg
Benito Mussolini 20 Lira Medal62 viewsMVSSOLINI MCMXXVIII
Helmeted head of Mussolini left

ITALIA MEGLIO VIVERE VN GIORNO DA LEONE CHE CENTO ANNI DA PECORA
Lion, Fasces L20R left field, MCMXVIII (Top of Rods) MCMXXVIII AVI (Bottom of Rods)

Fantasy piece
16.24g
Jay GT4
nikaia_sev_alex_SGI3287var.jpg
Bithynia, Nikaia, Severus Alexander, SGI 3287 var.40 viewsSeverus Alexander, AD 222-235
AE 22, 5.31g
obv. M AVR CEVH ALEZANDROC AVG (VG ligate)
bare head laureate r.
rev. NI-K-A-I separated by three standards, outer standards topped with
capricorn; in ex., EWN.
SGI 3287 var. (different rev. legend breaks), scarce variant with EWN below and
capricorn signa
VF, medium brown patina, well-centered with a solid strike.

The capricorn standards likely represent Legio XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix, the legion which had initially supported Septimius Severus in his bid for the purple. While rather distantly related to Septimius Severus through Julia Domna, though named after him, Alexander seems to have encouraged a rumor that he was in fact the illegitimate son of Caracalla and therefore the grandson of Septimius. This coin then suggests an interesting and subtle use of propoganda.
Jochen
1338~0.jpg
BONO IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG (SIC!)8 views OBVERSE: BONO IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG (SIC!)
REVERSE: SOLI INVICTO
BUST TYPE: A2
FIELD / EXERGUE MARKS: -/-//KAB
WEIGHT 4.54g / AXIS: 12h / WIDTH 22,5-23,5 mm
RIC 868 var. (unlisted with this obverse legend)
COLLECTION NO. 1338

Extremely rare and erroneous obverse legend (should be BONO ... PROBO and not PROBVS)

ONLY 2ND Specimen known to me (the other being CNG 225/553 (P.ZANCHI)); see also: P. Zanchi, Quelques nouveaux antoniniens de Serdica, Schweizer Münzblätter 30 (1980), 95-100, Fig. 8.)


Ex Ph. Gysen collection = Ex Heidelberger Münzhandlung H. Grün, Auktion 20 (1997), ex Lot 1130
Barnaba6
BRANDENBURG_SCHILLING_1633.jpg
BRANDENBURG - GEORGE WILHELM99 viewsBRANDENBURG - GEORGE WILHELM - 1619-1640 Silver Solidus, 1633. Obv.: GW monogram in beaded circle, shield below divides legend: SOLIDVS PRVSSIAE 1627 Rev.: Eagle in circle. Ruler's names & titles. Konigsburg mint. Reference: KM #113. dpaul7
1627_Prussia_Schilling_Silver_coin.jpg
BRANDENBURG - GEORGE WILHELM - 1619-1640143 viewsBRANDENBURG - GEORGE WILHELM - 1619-1640 Silver Solidus, 1627. Obv.: GW monogram in beaded circle, shield below divides legend: SOLIDVS PRVSSIAE 1627 Rev.: Eagle in circle. Ruler's names & titles. Reference: KM #113.dpaul7
constantine1.jpg
Bronze AE2 of Constantine I15 viewsA Roman Bronze AE2 of Constantine I minted in Rome in 314 AD. 22 mm, 3.87 g.

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, Laureate, draped curiassed bust right

Obverse: SOLI INV-I-CTO COMITI, Sol standing left, radiate, chalmys on left arm, raising right hand, globe in left, R*S in ex
chuy1530
ID0084_BULL_MERGED~0.jpg
Bull - Gallienus103 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG, Bull left
Exergue:- XI
nogoodnicksleft
ID0011_BULL_MERGED~0.jpg
Bull - Gallienus124 viewsObverse:- GALLIENVSAVG, Head right with radiate crown
Reverse:- SOLICONSAVG, Bull standing right
Exergue:- XI
(purchased from the FORVM shop)
nogoodnicksleft
gallien_boeuf_agr.jpg
Bull Gallienus235 viewsGALLIENVS AVG
SOLI CONS AVG / XI

collection Frederic Weber/
frederic W
rjb_weight_10_05.jpg
Byzantine coin weight37 viewsA bronze Byzantine coin weight for 3 solidi from the 7th century AD. N Gamma below a cross all enclosed within wreath. N = Nomisma (ie solidus), gamma = 3.mauseus
rjb_2018_05_07.jpg
Byzantine coin weight7 viewsA bronze Byzantine coin weight for 3 solidi from the 7th century AD. N Gamma below a pellet cross. N = Nomisma (ie solidus), gamma = 3.mauseus
rjb_weight_08_06.jpg
Byzantine commercial weight25 viewsA bronze Byzantine commercial weight for 1 ounce from the 7th century AD. Γ A below cross. This could serve as a weight for six solidi.mauseus
constans.jpg
Byzantine Constans II Solidus9 viewsConstans II. 641-668. AV Solidus, thick fabric, small module.

Obv.: DN CONSTANTINI PP, short beard bust facing, wearing crown and chlamys, holding cross on globe.
Rev.: VICTORIA AVGU[delta]A , cross potent three steps; mintmark CONOB.

Sear 1035.
Tanit
constans_ii_SOLIDUS.jpg
BYZANTINE EMPIRE - Constans II70 viewsBYZANTINE EMPIRE - Constans II (641-668 AD) AV Solidus. Struck c. 661-663 AD. Constantinople. Facing busts of Constans, bearded and Constantine IV, beardless; cross between heads D N CONST. . ./ VICTORIA AVGU Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius. CONOB in exurge (Constantinople mint). Sear # sb0964. 4.42 g. Coin was mounted in 18k bezel, so some minor field damage. dpaul7
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Byzantine empire / Emperor Constans II. AD 641-66837 viewsConstans II. AD 641-668. AV Solidus (19.6mm, 4.40 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck 651/2-654. Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set upon three steps; S//CONOB. DOC 19f; MIB 23; SB 956. Choice EF, edge filed in a couple of places. Sam
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Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.45 viewsGold solidus, DOC II-2 Heraclonas 1c (not in the coll., refs. T.), Hahn MIB 3a, Tolstoi 13, Sommer 12.1, SBCV 936, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -; Ratto -, VF, well centered, double strike, some legend weak, light scratches and bumps, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, weight 4.479g, maximum diameter 20.6mm, die axis 180o, Sep 641 - 642/644 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINYS P P AVG, crowned and cuirassed beardless bust facing, small head, wearing chlamys, crown ornamented with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue.

FORVM / The Sam Mansourati Collection.

In 641, when Heraclius died, he was succeeded by his sons Constantine III and Heracleonas. When Constantine III died after only a few months, the Byzantine people suspected that Heracleonas had poisoned him. Heracleonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, became emperor. This type is attributed to Heraclonas in DOC II-2 and Morrison BnF but today it is accepted as the first issue of Constantine II.
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668 CE) AV Solidus, Carthage (Sear 1039; DOC 119; MIB 66)8 viewsQuant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668 CE) AV Solidus, Carthage, IY 3 (Sear 1030; DOC 108; MIB 57.1)12 viewsObv: D N CON-TΛNTIN VPP Crowned and draped bust of Constans facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: VICTORI AAVς Γ; Cross potent set on three steps; P to right; in exergue, CONOB
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) AV Solidus, Carthage (Sear 1043; DOC 125; MIB 72b)15 viewsObv: Crowned and draped facing busts of Constans, holding globus cruciger, and Constantine
Rev: Cross potent set on globe; at sides, crowned and draped facing busts of Heraclius and Tiberius; P below
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Byzantine Empire: Constans II (641-668) AV Solidus, Carthage, IY 12 (Sear 1037; DOC 116; MIB 64)12 viewsObv: D N CO-NSTANT; Crowned bust facing, holding globus cruciger
Rev: VICTORIA AVGG; cross potent set on three steps; IA/CONOB in exergue



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Byzantine Empire: Heraclius (610-641 CE) AV Solidus, Carthage, IY 14 (Sear 866; DOC 202; MIB 83) 9 viewsObv: D-N ЄR-ACLIO P P IΔ; crowned, cuirassed bust of Heraclius facing, wearing pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand
Rev: VICTORIA • AVGG A; cross potent set on three steps; in exergue, CONOB
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Byzantine Empire: Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine (610-641 CE) AV Solidus, Carthage, IY 6 (Sear 867; DOC 208; MIB 84a)12 viewsObv: D N ЄRACLIO ЄT ЄRA CONST P P S; To left, bust of Heraclius with short beard; to right, smaller bust of Heraclius Constantine, beardless; each wears cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross; Between heads, cross
Rev: VICTOR-IA AVCC S; Cross potent on base and two steps; in exergue, CONOB
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Byzantine Empire: Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine (610-641 CE) AV Solidus, Carthage, IY 7 (Sear 867; DOC 209; MIB 84a)9 viewsObv: D N ЄRACLIO ЄT ЄRA CONST P P Z; To left, bust of Heraclius with short beard; to right, smaller bust of Heraclius Constantine, beardless; each wears cuirass, paludamentum, and crown with cross; Between heads, cross
Rev: VICTOR-IA AVCC Z; Cross potent on base and two steps; in exergue, CONOB
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Byzantine Empire: Phocas (602-610) AV Solidus, Carthage (Sear 681; DOC 108; MIB 32)10 viewsQuant.Geek
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Byzantine Empire: Theophilus (829-842 CE) Ꜹ Solidus, Constantinople (Sear 1670)16 viewsObv: ΘЄO-FILOS; Bust facing, bearded, wearing chlamys and crown with cross on triangle, holding in right hand globus cruciger
Rev: ΘЄ-OFILOS; Similar bust to obverse, but wearing loros and holding in right hand cross potent
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Byzantine Justin II Solidus 13 views Byzantine Justin II Solidus -
Justin II (565-578). AV Solidus, Constantinople mint.

Obv. : DN IVSTINVS PP AVI. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, beardless, holding globe surmounted by Victory and shield.
Mirrored Rev.: VICTORIA AVGGG S. Constantinople seated facing, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; in exergue, CONOB.

Sear 345.
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Byzantine Justinian I - Solidus110 viewsJustinian I (AD 527-565). Gold solidus. Constantinople, ca. AD 527-537. D N IVSTINI-ANVS PP AVG, Helmeted, cuirassed bust three-quarters right, holding spear over right shoulder, shield on left shoulder / VICTORI-A AVGGG S, angel standing facing, holding long cross in right hand and globus cruciger in left, star in right field, CONOB in exergue.

DO 3f. MIB 5. Sear 137.
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Byzantine Justinian Solidus - Victory19 viewsWilliamBoyd
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Byzantine weight21 viewsByzantine weight, 2 ounce (12 solidi), partially inlaid designmauseus
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Byzantine weight17 viewsByzantine coin weight for one solidusmauseus
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Byzantine weight19 viewsByzantine weight for one ounce (six solidi)mauseus
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Byzantine weight17 viewsByzantine coin weight for three solidimauseus
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BYZANTINE, Constans II, Solidus, Sear 95961 views4.41 gramsRichard T3
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BYZANTINE, Constantine IV, AV Solidus.114 viewsConstantine IV, Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

Cf. Sear 1153.
Constantine IV ruled jointly with his father, Constans II, from A.D.654 to A.D.668, and then with his brothers, Heraclius and Tiberius, from A.D.659 until A.D. 681.
Constantine IV, Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest when, after besieging Constantinople for four years, the Arabs led by caliph Muawija I were forced to retreat. The use by the Byzantines of the famous "Greek Fire" having made the city impregnable. In A.D.681 Constantine IV deposed his two brothers. Constantine IV was succeeded by his 16 year old son Justinian II in A.D.685.

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