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Search results - "Seleukos"
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Kings of Syria,Seleukos II. AE 16 (4.6gm)17 viewsNewell,wsm 1661 / 246-226 BC
obv: bust of Athena helmeted
rev: nude Apollo std. l. holding arrows and bow
(glossy black and green patina)
hill132
IMG_9990.JPG
Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos)22 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos). 225/4-222 BC. Æ . Antioch on the Orontes mint. Draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing arrow, resting hand on bow; Cf. SC 922; HGC 9, 421.2 commentsecoli
Seleuco III, Soter Cerauno.jpg
05-02 - Seleuco III, Soter Cerauno (226 - 223 A.C.)52 viewsSeleuco III Sóter Cerauno (? - 223 adC). Rey de la dinastía seleúcida, hijo mayor de Seleuco II Calinico, a quien sucedió. Su apelativo Cerauno significa “el Rayo”. Su reinado fue breve (apenas tres años, desde el 225 adC). Decidió llevar a cabo el plan que su padre no pudo realizar en vida: enfrentar al rey Atalo I de Pérgamo, aliado de Antioco Hierax, hermano de Seleuco Calinico y tio suyo, el cual había muerto hace poco, pero que había ayudado a Atalo, quien había aprovechado la situación para expandir sus fronteras y conquistar toda el Asia Menor.
En el transcurso de esta campaña realizada en la región del Tauro, Seleuco III murió asesinado víctima de la traición de uno de sus oficiales llamado Nicanor, en complicidad con el galo Apaturios (223 adC).
Fue sucedido por su hermano Antíoco III Megas, contando con el apoyo de Aqueo, pariente del difunto rey quien había tenido gran influencia durante su reinado. Aqueo rechazó la corona que le ofrecieron las tropas y prefirió gobernar como regente del imperio. Nombró a Molón gobernador de las provincias superiores y él se reservó el Asia Menor; combatió con éxito contra Atalo I y lo confinó en Pérgamo, de modo que suyo fue el mérito de ganar la guerra que había empezado Seleuco III. (Wikipedia)
AE 12 mm 2.0 gr.

Anv: Busto de Artemisa viendo a der. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY" - Apolo sentado a izquierda en ónfalo (Piedra semicilíndrica centro del culto de Apolo en Delfos, fetiche de basalto y altar de la madre tierra de la religión micénica) con flecha en mano derecha levantada y apoyando la izquierda en un arco. "CE / Λ" en campo izquierdo y "AP" (Monograma) en exergo.

Ceca: Antioquía en Orontes

Referencias: B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #8 Pag.22 - Sear GCTV Vol.2 #6929 Pag.646 - SNG Spaer #518 - Newell E.T. (Western Seleucid Mints) #1036
mdelvalle
08-Alex-Ecbatana-P3931.jpg
08. Ecbatana: Tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.43 viewsTetradrachm, ca 311 - 295 BC, Ecbatana mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Anchor, forepart of a grazing horse, and two monograms at left; ΣΩ under throne.
17.01 gm., 26 mm.
P. #3931; M. #1355; ESM #475.

This is a coin of the Seleucid Empire from the time of Seleukos I, Nikator. Seleukos used the anchor as his personal symbol. Some of Seleukos' coinage was in the name of Alexander, and some was in his own name
Callimachus
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1. Seleukos I Nikator 12 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. Æ (19mm, 8.99 g, 1h). Apamea on the Orontes mint. Struck circa 300-281 BC. Elephant walking right / Horse’s head left; anchor below. SC 35; HGC 9, 79.ecoli
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1. Seleukos I Nikator 18 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. Æ Seleukeia II mint. Horned horse head right / Anchor; monogram to right. SC 145.

Seleukos fled from Antigonus the one-eyed in Babylonia on horseback. He credited this animal with saving his life. He then deified the animal on his coinage and in other cult shrines.

He eventually made it to Egypt where Ptolemy sheltered him for a while until he could regroup and begin to definitively establish what would become the Seleucid empire.
ecoli
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1. Seleukos I Nikator12 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. Æ Uncertain mint. Winged head of Medusa right / Bull butting right; controls not visible. Cf. SC 21, 152, and 191; HGC 9, 92.ecoli
IMG_9984.JPG
1. Seleukos I Nikator 10 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. Æ. Winged head of Medusa right / Bull butting right; SC 6.1; HGC 9, 107a.ecoli
24-Seleukos-I.jpg
24. Seleukos I.101 viewsTetradrachm, ca 305 - 304 BC, Seleuceia ad Tigram mint.
Obverse: Head of Alexander as Herakles, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ / Zeus sitting, holding his attendant eagle and sceptre. Monogram at left, ΔΙ under throne.
16.93 gm., 26 mm.
Houghton #941; ESM #4; BMC 4.1, 5.

In Eastern Seleucid Mints, E.T. Newell has this coin in Series 1, Group A. He suggests a date of 305 - 304 BC. Martin J. Price lists a coin in the name of Alexander the Great (#3784) with the exact same monograms. He suggests a date of ca 295 BC for the coin, but admits the whole attribution is very tentative.
2 commentsCallimachus
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312-280 BC39 viewsSeleukos I Nikator
Tetradrachm Ecbatana mint

Obverse:Head of Herakles right wearing lions skin
Reverse:Zeus Aetophoros on throne;ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ;monogram,anchor and forepart of horse grazing left throne; monogram under throne.

28.00mm 16.74gm

SC 204-4, SEAR 6829var
maik
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312-280 BC41 viewsSeleukos I Nikator
AE 19

Obverse:Winged head of Medusa right
Reverse:ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ;Bull charging right

19.37mm 7.09gm

Sear 6852
maik
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4. Seleucia, Seleukos II19 viewsSeleukos II Æ 19. Antioch mint. Bust of Athena right in crested helmet / Nike standing left crowning anchor with a wreath. Houghton CSE 51.

Ex- CNG sale 143, Lot: 340
ecoli
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7. Seleukos IV Philopator11 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. Æ Serrated Ake-Ptolemais mint (?). Laureate head of Apollo right; AB monogram behind / Apollo standing left leaning on tripod, holding arrow in right hand; monogram before. SNG Spaer 852.ecoli
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7. Seleukos IV Philopator11 viewsSeleucid Empire, Seleukos IV Philopator, AE serrate unit, 187-175 BC
Obverse: Head of young Dionysos right in ivy wreath, monogram behind
Reverse: BASILEWS - SELEY[KOY] above and below prow of galley left, monogram in upper field
ecoli
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Alexander III, 336-323 BC; Arados mint, 311-300 BC41 viewsAR 4dr, 25.9mm, 16.72g, aEF
Head of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress / BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus enthroned left holding eagle and sceptre, legs crossed. Anchor and monogram in left field, Π under throne. Scarce issue of Seleukos I.
Price 3349; Müller 1504
Consigned to Forvm
Lawrence Woolslayer
AntiochosII.jpg
Antiochos II Theos83 views261-246 BC. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.17 g, 7h). Seleukeia on the Tigris mint. Diademed head of Antiochos I right / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing bow in his right hand, left hand resting on omphalos; monograms to outer left and right. SC 587.1c; ESM 180; HGC 9, 236g.
From the RJM Collection. Ex Classical Numismatic Group 60 (22 May 2002), lot 891.

My first coin from Seleukeia-on-the-Tigris
2 commentsThatParthianGuy
Antiochus_2b.jpg
Antiochus I (Soter) * Apollo, 280-261 BC68 views
Antiochus I * Apollo,* 280-261 BC
Æ hemidrachm (?)

Obv: Diademed head of Antiochus right
Rev: Apollo seated on omphalos (Delphi), holding arrow in right hand, leaning on strung bow with his left hand, left-facing.
BASILEOS to the right, [A]NTIOXOY to the left. Monograms to left and right, omitted by strike from the right, effaced by wear from the left.

Weight: ca. 4.0 grams
Die axis: 190 degs.

Patina: Quite lovely 'desert-patina.'

Sear, GCATV * (SG) Number 6866v (This example appears to be bronze, not silver: I have been unable to date to find any reference to an Æ variant of SG #6866).
BMC, 4.9, 10


This coin bears portrait of the middle-aged Antiochus I 'Soter,' from the time of his sole reign (280-261 BC.), following the death of his father, Seleukos I.
The reverse depicts Delphian Apollo holding a single arrow, as opposed to the two arrows as seen on the coins dating from his joint-reign with his father.

* Olympian

Tiathena
1454_Antiochus_II_Susa.jpg
Antiochus II Theos - AR tetradrachm7 viewsin the name of Seleukos I
Susa
261-246 BC
head of young Herakles wearing lion's skin right
Zeus seated left, leaning on scepter, holding eagle
ΣEΛEYKOY // (TAYP)
(ΔYP)
BAΣIΛEΩΣ
SC 603.3c; HGC 9, 235
ex Künker
Johny SYSEL
seleukosIVlaodike.jpg
Antiochus IV Epiphanes. AE16. Queen Laodice147 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochus IV Epiphanes serrated AE16. 175 - 164 B.C. Seleucia-in-Pieria mint. Veiled bust of Laodice IV r. Border of dots / BASILEWS ANTIOCOU, North African Elephant (Extinct) head left, prow of galley right. Houghton 113

The North African elephant was a possible subspecies of the African bush elephant, or possibly a separate elephant species, that existed in North Africa until becoming extinct in Ancient Roman times.
1 commentsancientone
Pergamon_31.jpg
Asia Minor, Mysia, Pergamon, Asklepios, Eagle, Seleukos magistrate22 viewsMysia, Pergamon
AE24, Circa 200-133 BC
Seleukos, magistrate.
Obv.: ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Head of Asklepios right
Rev.: Π-EΡ-Γ-A / MHNΩN. Eagle standing left, head right, on thunderbolt..
AE, 8.04g, 24.4mm
Ref.: SNG von Aulock 7491; SNG Copenhagen 378.
shanxi
attalusI.jpg
Attalus I AR Tetradrachm 241-197 BC30 viewsOBV: Diademed head of Philetairos, founder of the Pergamene dynasty, to right
REV: Athena enthroned left resting left arm on shield and placing a wreath on the name of PHILETAIROY with her extended right arm. 'A' in field below Athena's arm - likely Sear 7720
Philetairos was a eunuch trusted by Seleukos to guard the treasury at Pergamon. This he did for many years before eventually striking out on his own and founding a dynasty by adoption. Attalus I, one of his successors was a loyal ally of Rome in its wars with Macedon.
The coin is worn but it still retains much of its original portrait quality. The engravers of royal Greek tetradrachms often tried to capture a subtle atmospheric effect by fading the profile into the fields.
Diam 27.6 mm, wt 15.6 gm
1 commentsdaverino
Bactria,_Diodotos_I_Tetradrachm_.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Diodotos I, ca. 255/250-240 BC, AR Tetradrachm 27 viewsDiademed head of the Diodotos I right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochos). Zeus striding left, hurling thunderbolt in right hand, aegis over extended left arm; eagle standing in lower inner left, monogram in left field above eagle.

SC 628 (b); Holt A2 (Holt A2 example 2 = this coin); Bopearachchi 2E; Mitchiner 64c; Kritt, Dynastic Transitions Type A2 (Plate 1, page 19); HGC 9, 243. Mint “A”- Ai Khanoum ca. 255-250 BC.

(29 mm, 16.92 g, 6h).
Eukratides Ancient Numismatics: ex- William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Kovacs (1997)

The Kingdom of Baktria was created from the Seleukid province of Bactro-Sogdiana when the satrap Diodotos I began to act independently of the Seleukid king, Antiochos II around 256 BC. The first step towards independence came with the issue of coinage depicting Diodotos I, rather than the Seleukid king, Antiochos II. On their reverse the coins bear the image of a striding Zeus, rather than the Seleukid patron god Apollo. Yet the coinage maintains the legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY indicating nominal servitude to the Seleukid king. This legend remained unchanged despite the accession to the throne of Seleukos III in 246 BC. In effect, this denies any allegiance to the latter king, while at the same time attesting to the legitimacy of Diodotos’ claim to the throne via his initial appointment under Antiochos II. Following the death of Diodotos I around 240 BC his son, Diodotos II, adopted the title of king, altering the legend of the coinage to that of ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔIOΔITOY, an unequivocal statement of independence.
1 commentsn.igma
Bactria,_Eukratides_I_Pedigree_Tetradrachm.jpg
Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, ca. 171-145 BC, AR Tetradrachm 33 viewsΒΑΣΙΛΕYΣ MEΓAΣ EYKPATIΔHΣ Diademed and draped bust of a mature Eukratides right, wearing a crested helmet decorated with ear and horn of a bull.
HΛIOKΛIOΣ KAI ΛAOΔIKHΣ Co-joined busts facing right of Eukratides parents, Heliokles and Laodike, ΦΛΩ monogram to left.

Bopearachchi Series 15 A; SNG ANS 526-527; Mitchiner 182a; Qunduz 245-246; HGC 12, 133; Sear 7572.

(30 mm, 16.16 g, 12h).

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Munzhandlung Auction 126, October 2003, 1534.
The distinctive reddish black remnant patina of this coin is a characteristic of the silver coins from the Mir Zakah deposit. It is probably from this, the largest hoard of coins ever found, that the coin is derived.

This issue may have been inspired by the earlier “pedigree” coinage of Agathokles and Pantaleon, but equally likely given the many apparent anomalies associated with the issue, is that it was issued by the parents of Eukratides as statement of their position and prestige in Baktrian society. Heliokles’ bare head indicates that he was not a king, whereas the diadem on Laodike’s head suggests that she was of royal blood. Tarn identified her as a Seleukid princess, daughter of Seleukos II and sister of Antiochus III. On the other hand, Hollis in Laodike Mother of Eucratides of Baktria makes a plausible case that Laodike was the daughter of Antiochos III. Hollis argues that Eukratides was in this way connected to the Seleukid royal family and was perhaps facilitated by the latter in his endeavor to seize the Baktrian throne.

This coinage has a number of curious characteristics. The legend on this coin names Eukratides is in the nominative case, so that it serves to label his portrait rather than to identify him as the issuing authority of the coinage. The legend naming his parents, on the other hand, is in the genitive, normally used to indicate a filial relationship an argument supported by Hollis. However, it could also imply that Heliokles and Laodike had authorized the coinage. Both sides of the coin have defined filleted borders, unique in the coinage of Eukratides. All other issues bear only an obverse border around the image of the king. The fabric of these coins indicates that Heliokles and Laodike occupy the obverse, anvil struck side of the coin. Nevertheless, they are most frequently described in the opposite manner, in accord with the convention that the ruler occupies the obverse side of the coin.
1 commentsn.igma
EB0091b_scaled.JPG
EB0091 Zeus / Athena16 viewsSeleukia, Seleukos I, SELEUKID EMPIRE, AR Tetradrachm, 305-280 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus right.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Athena Promachos, brandishing spear in right hand and holding shield on left arm, in quadriga drawn by elephants right.
References: Cf. SC 130-133, BMC 33.
Diameter: 27mm, Weight: 16.251g.
2 commentsEB
EB0094b_scaled.JPG
EB0094 Seleukos IV / Apollo4 viewsAntioch, Seleukos IV, SELEUKID KINGDOM, AR Tetradrachm, 187-175 BC
Obverse: Diademed head of Seleukos IV right.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, testing arrow in his right hand, left hand on bow set on ground to right; palm branch to left, ɸ in exergue.
References: SNG Spaer 839,840; BMC 11.
Diameter: 30mm, Weight: 16.434g.
EB
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EB0223 Apollo / Apollo5 viewsSeleukos 4, SELEUKID KINGDOM, AE 23 serrate, 187-175 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right, [ME monogram behind head].
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Apollo standing left, holding arrow and resting left elbow on tripod, monogram in lower left field.
References: SG 6968; BMC 23.
Diameter: 23mm, Weight: 11.763g.
EB
EB0301b_scaled.JPG
EB0301 Apollo / Athena5 viewsSeleukos I Nikator, Syria, AE 22, 300-281 BC.
Obverse: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY to right and left of Athena Promachos standing right, holding spear and shield; anchor to inner right.
References: SC 15•1,2; SNG Spaer 3,6; Houghton 2,3.
Diameter: 22.5mm, Weight: 7.821g.
EB
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EB0302 Medusa / Bull5 viewsSeleukos I, Syria, AE 19, 312-280 BC.
Obverse: Winged head of Medusa right, snakes flowing behind.
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, above and below bull butting right, Ξ in ex.
References: SG 6852.
Diameter: 19mm, Weight: 4.527g.
EB
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EB0303 Artemis / Apollo5 viewsSeleukos III, Syria, AE 16,226-223 BC.
Obverse: Head of Artemis right.
Reverse: [BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY], Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & leaning on bows.
References: -.
Diameter: 16mm, Weight: 3.539g.
EB
FH-G-031_(0s).jpg
FH-G-03118 viewsSyria, Seleukid Kingdom; Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos); Antioch 225-223 BC; AE17

- Draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; round dot border.

- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
- BASILEWS / SELEYKOY
– Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow

3.92gm / 17.32mm / Axis: 0

References:
SC 922

Notes:
Very nice bust, well centered on tight flan. Rev control marks off flan. Pairs nicely with my FH-G-032. - compare to coin listed here: https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=166953 From the J.S. Wagner Collection.
Jonathan P
FH-G-033_(0s).jpg
FH-G-03211 viewsSyria, Seleukid Kingdom; Seleukos III; 225-223 BC; AE16

- Draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; round dot border.

- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
- BASILEWS / SELEYKOY
- Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow; Monogram below.

3.71gm / 16.08mm / Axis: 0

References:
SC 922

Notes: Dec 7, 15 - Ruler- Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos)
Off centered and small flan is very common with this type. Reverse is nicer than most in that it is mostly legible and shows monogram control mark. Pairs nicely with my FH-G-031
- compare to coin listed here: https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=166953 From the J.S. Wagner Collection.
Jonathan P
FH-G-033_(0s)~0.jpg
FH-G-0336 viewsSyria, Seleukid Kingdom; Seleukos III; 225-223 BC; AE15

- Draped bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder; round dot border.

- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
- BASILEWS / SELEYKOY
- Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow.

3.07gm / 15.52mm / Axis: 0

References:
SC 922

Notes: Dec 7, 15 - Ruler- Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos)
Off centered and small flan is very common with this type.
- compare to coin listed here: https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=166953 From the J.S. Wagner Collection.
Jonathan P
FH-G-049_(0s).jpg
FH-G-04913 viewsSyria, Seleukid Kingdom; Seleukos I Nikator; Antioch 312-281 BC; bronze AE20

- Winged head of Medusa right, snakes flowing behind.

- ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
- BASILEWS / SELEYKOY
- Bull butting right.

5.60gm / 20.19mm / Axis: 0

References:
Sear 6852
Lindgren 1751
BMC 62
SC 21

Notes: Dec 24, 15 - Examples here: http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/sg/sg6852.t.html
Jonathan P
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Greek Seleukos I Bull Left23 viewsSeleukos I, 311 - 281 BC, Antioch on the Orontes , 20.17mm, 6.1g, Unlisted varientRomanorvm
Bactria,_Antimachos_I_AR_Tetradrachm~1.jpg
GREEK, Baktrian Kingdom, Antimachos I, ca. 175-170 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Bopearachchi Series 1E679 viewsDiademed head of Antimachos right wearing kausia. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΘE[OY] ANTIMAXOY Poseidon standing facing, holding trident and palm branch, HA monogram in inner right field.
Bopearachchi Series 1E; SNG ANS 278 (monogram variant); Mitchiner 124a; Sear 7542.
(32 mm, 17.14 g, 12h)
Provenance, based on Bopearachchi: Freeman & Sear FPL 11, Spring/Summer 2006; ex- Muhammad Riaz Barber Coll.; ex- Peshawar bazaar (April 1996); ex-Kuliab Hoard (1996)

The Kuliab Hoard from which this coin derives was found in clandestine (1995/6) excavations on an ancient site in the vicinity of Kuliab, Tajikistan, 8-10 km from Qizil Mazar, in the valley of the Qizil Su, on the right bank of the Oxus. The inferred find site is located about 80 km northeast of the famed ancient site Ai Khanoum on the left bank of the Oxus, a key Greco-Bactrian foundation.

The hoard reputedly consisted of 800 coins of which 250 were described by Bopearachchi in his paper. The hoard, consisted dominantly of small denomination silver and contained coins from the time of Seleukos I down to the time of Eukratides I. Almost all the coins were of Bactrian origin. It appears to have been a savings hoard that was closed around 145 BC, probably co-incident with the invasion of nomadic peoples from the north.

The Kuliab Hoard represents one of the easternmost finds of Graeco-Bactrian coins, proof that Bactrian influence extended well into the western Himalayan Valleys of Tajikistan to the north northeast of Ai Khanoum.

Probably my finest tetradrachm - the male equivalent Mona Lisa of coinage!
11 commentsLloyd T
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_,_Tetradrachm,_Seleucia_on_Tigris_,_CSE_937_this_coin~0.jpg
GREEK, CSE 937 (this coin); CSE Plate 56, 937 (this coin)105 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Seleukeia on the Tigris

Head of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, NO in left field.

SC 119.3(a); HGC 9, 16f; ESM 23 (same dies A27-P79); CSE 937 (this coin); CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047).
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint ca. 300-296 BC.

(25 mm, 16.91 g, 12h).
ex-William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Arthur Houghton Collection.

Some time in the last five years of the fourth century BC the mint at Seleukeia on the Tigris opened to issue coinage in the name of Seleukos. Initial issues maintained the Zeus Aëtophoros (eagle) reverse image. However, shortly thereafter, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced in parallel with the Aëtophoros image. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This is one of three known examples of SC 119.3(a). The others are ESM 23 in the Danish national collection Copenhagen and CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047). Seleucid Coins lists another from the Tricala 1979 hoard (CH IX, 000) in the Athens Numismatic Museum, but this is in fact an example of ESM 24 (Zeus Aëtophoros) that was incorrectly catalogued as ESM 23 by Oeconomides - refer Oeconomides Pl. 66, 109. All noted examples are from the same obverse die. The obverse of this coin is a die match to that of a Zeus Aëtophoros issue with identical NO primary control which is now found in the Berlin collection (ESM 24; Newell Pl V, 4).
n.igma
54774q00.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Gold stater26 viewsSH54774. Gold stater, Price P203, Müller Alexander P116, aEF, weight 8.564 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 90o, Babylon mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with Griffin; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, facing head of Helios below left, [KY] below right; Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC.Joe Sermarini
Price_P155~1.jpg
GREEK, Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Babylon under Seleukos as satrap 172 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, ancient Greek Zeta beneath throne, circled ΣIEP monogram above grape bunch to left.
SC Ad 43.13; Price P155 (Arados).
Babylon II workshop 317/16 BC under Seleukos as Satrap 320- 315 BC.
(26 mm, 17.16 g, 8h)
8 commentsLloyd T
SC_3_3a__Miller___Hoover_41_(this_coin)~0.jpg
GREEK, Miller & Hoover AJN 22 (2010), 41 (this coin illustrated on plate 14) 103 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Sardis 282-281 BC
Head of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, EP monogram to left, AΣ beneath throne.

SC 3.3a; HGC 9, 16a; Miller & Hoover AJN 22 (2010), 41 (this coin illustrated on plate 14) dies A1/P7; Nelson "Seleucus I" Hoard (CH 10.265) 726-732 (this coin); WSM 1352 α, A1/ P7.

Seleukos’ military mint at Sardis 282-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.12 g, 12h).

ex- Commerce "Seleucus I" Hoard (CH 10.265).

References:
Miller, R. P. and O. D. Hoover. 2010. The Sardes Mint under Seleucus I Nicator. American Journal of Numismatics Second Series, 22, 25-34.

Nelson, B. R. 2010 Commerce (“Seleucus I” Hoard) 2005 (CH 10.265). In CH 10, 73-104.

CH 10 = Hoover, O., A. Meadows and U. Wartenberg, eds. 2010. Coin hoards, Volume X: Greek Hoards. New York: Royal Numismatic Society/American Numismatic Society.
1 commentsn.igma
SC_68~0.jpg
GREEK, SC 68, Price P167 - American Journal of Numismatics Second Series 27: 41-97 : Taylor L. W. H. Triparadeisos to Ipsos Series IV, 189 (this coin), Plate 12, 189 (this coin)82 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylonia, Uncertain Mint 6A

Head of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛEΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOY Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, star symbol beneath throne, Π recut over an earlier mint control in left field.

Taylor, Triparadeisos to Ipsos, Series IV, 189 (this coin), Plate 12, 189 (this coin), dies A50/P1; HGC 9, 11a (same dies); SC 68 (same dies); WSM 1241 (same dies); Price P167 (same dies).

Uncertain Mint 6A in Babylonia, 303-302 BC.

Struck under Seleukos utilising a reverse die from an earlier lifetime Philip issue (Price P160) with the left field mint control recut. Obverse die linked to examples of SC 67 (Alexander), SC 69 (Seleukos) and SC 50.1 (Alexander Uncertain Mint 1).

One of four examples known and the only one outside the ANS (Newell) collection.

(26 mm, 17.0 g, 3h).

Reference: Taylor, L. W. H. 2015. From Triparadeisos to Ipsos: Seleukos I Nikator’s Uncertain Mint 6A in Babylonia.
AJN Second Series 27: 41-97.
2 commentsn.igma
217_seleukos.jpg
GREEK, Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos III Keraunos (The Thunderer)33 viewsAE 16mm 3,7 g
Avers: Artemis head to right
Reverse: Apollo is sitting on the omphalos to the left side , bow on the left and arrow in the right hand. BASILEOS SELEUKOY in greek letters. SNGIs 511?

After a brief reign of three years (225–223 BC), Seleukos was assassinated in Anatolia by members of his army while on campaign against Attalus I of Pergamon.
Franz-Josef M
Uncertain_MInt_6A_Hemidrachm_SC_70_1~0.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Hemidrachm - Babylonia, Uncertain Mint 6A 115 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin.
AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aetophoros seated left, inverted anchor to left, EP beneath throne.
SC 70.1; HGC 9, 42; Price 3442 (Marathus); Müller 1493; Houghton Group III, Series A, 127.
Issued by Seleukos in the name of Alexander from Babylonia Uncertain Mint 6A, 311-305 BC.
(13 mm, 2.15 g, 7h)

Judge this coin remembering it is a hemidrachm of 13 mm diameter. It does not possess the large palette of a tetradrachm!

This coin is the best of four known examples of this emission and the only one known outside of a museum. It is an obverse die match to an example from the Hersh Collection, now housed in in the British Museum (BM 2002,0101.796). The progression of the die break on Herakles neck indicates that this coin was struck after the Hersh coin.
4 commentsLloyd T
SC_118;_Price_P229~0.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm in the name of Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC – Seleukeia on the Tigris - SC 118127 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle on extended right hand and scepter in left, pentalpha in left field.
SC 118 (same obverse die); Price P229 (uncertain eastern mint); Thompson, ANSMN 31, 160 (same obverse die); Commerce (“Seleucus I”) Hoard 2005 (CH10.256) 1517-1522 (one of these coins).
Seleukeia on the Tigris
(24 mm, 17.16 g, 6h)
ex- Arthur Houghton Collection (New Series 744); ex- Commerce (“Seleucus I”) Hoard 2005 (CH10.256).
2 commentsLloyd T
Price_3704.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos i Nikator, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 370425 viewsTetradrachme ( 16,64g ) , Babylon, posthumously , ca. 317-311 v . Chr .
Obv: Head of Herakles with lion hood.
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros with gavel on the throne , in l . Field monogram in wreath , under the throne H.
Price 3704 , Müller 714.
HD Rauch e-auc 20 lot 11
chance v
Newer_Price_3704.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos i Nikator, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 370444 viewsThe Seleucid Kings, Seleucus I Nicator, 312- 281 BC Babylon Tetradrachm circa 317-311, AR 26.5mm., 17.10g.
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin.
Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros seated l.; in l. field, monogram in wreath and below throne, H.
SC 82.6. Price 3704.
Naville 24 lot 169
chance v
Price_3746.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 374648 viewsThe Seleucid Kings, Seleucus I Nicator, 312- 281 BC Babylon Tetradrachm circa 311-300, AR 26.5mm., 17.08g.
Obv: Head of Herakles r., wearing lion skin.
Rev. Zeus Aëtophoros seated l.; in l. field, monogram within wreath, below throne MI.
SC 82.5a. Price 3746.
Naville 24 lot 172
chance v
27026.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 374772 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Alexander III the Great. 336-323 B.C. AR tetradrachm (26.5 mm, 17.03 g, 3 h). Babylon mint, struck ca. 311-305 B.C. Struck by Seleukos I Nikator.
Obverse: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress
Reverse: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram within wreath in left field, MI below throne.
Price 3746; SC 82.5a; Müller 734. Scratch on obverse.
In hand the dot inside the wreathed monogram, which is the difference between Price 3746 and Price 3747, can easily be seen.
Agora 56 lot 24
1 commentschance v
seleucos.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, AR Tetradrachm, Seleucia on Tigris, 312-281 BC52 viewsThe Seleucid Kings, Seleucus I Nicator, 312- 281 Seleucia on the Tigris Tetradrachm circa 300, AR 28mm., 16.86g.
Obv:Head of Heracles r. wearing lion's skin headdress.
Rev. Zeus seated l. on throne holding sceptre and Nike who reaches r. to crown him.
Seleucid Coins 119.1. ESM 13.
Naville auc 16 lot 60
chance v
price_3759.jpg
GREEK, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, AR Tetradrachm, Babylon, Price 375988 viewsSeleukid Kings of Syria, Seleukos I Nikator AR Tetradrachm. In the name and types of Alexander. Babylon, circa 311-305 BC.
Obv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress.
Rev: Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, holding sceptre; MI above lion's head left in left field, monogram in wreath below throne, BAΣIΛEΩΣ below, AΛEΞANΔPOY to right.
SC 82.3c; Price 3759; Müller 743. 17.09g, 26mm, 11h.
Roma auc XII lot 383
2 commentschance v
Seleukos_I_on_Sophytes_Drachm.jpg
Greek, Seleukos I Nikator (?) on Sophytes Drachm, Baktria228 viewsThe portrait on the obverse of this coin is may be that of Seleukos I Nikator. It appears that Sophytes submitted to Seleukos I during the latter’s eastern anabasis in 306-305 BC and was appointed to the position of Satrap of Baktria. Following the incorporation of Baktria into the Seleukid Empire, the Seleukid administration appears to have sponsored Greek migration into the territory from Asia Minor. The increased demand for coinage would explain the successive emissions of owl, eagle and cock coinage, which culminated in the issue of the epigraphic Sophytes cock emission. The inspiration for the obverse was probably the Hero/Trophy issue of Susa, which commenced ca 301 BC. The frontal profile and features of the portrait on the obverse of Sophytes issues bear a resemblance to the portrait of Seleukos on the later coinage of Philetairos of Pergamon. On allying himself with Seleukos, Philetairos issued coinage bearing the portrait of Seleukos on the obverse the name of Philetairos on a distinctive non-Seleukid reverse. The parallels between the documented circumstances and coinage of Philetairos with the earlier undocumented history and coinage of Sopytes are apparent and suggestive of the circumstances under which Sophytes came to issue coinage bearing his name in Seleukid Baktria.

With growing power and provincial wealth following a decade of Greek immigration to the province, it is possible that Sophytes determined to move on a more independent path and issued coinage in his name, but bearing the image of Seleukos, in anticipation that the latter would pacify any concern that Seleukos may have with the approach. However, the latter strategy appears to have failed and Sophytes rapidly disappears from the scene and numismatic record. This action of Sophytes may have been the trigger for Seleukos to declare Antiochos co-regent and satrap of the eastern provinces. With this appointment, Antiochos was dispatched to Baktria and set about expanding the Seleukid administration and development of the province, including the establishment of Seleukid royal mints at Baktra and Ai Khanoum, commencing around 294 BC.
Lloyd T
SeleuKid_kingdom,_Seleukos_I,_AR_tetradrachm,_Babylon_II_Mint_-_unpublished_with_erased_anchor.jpg
Greek, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Seleukid Kingdom, Babylon, AR Tetradrachm - urecorded with the anchor normally found in the left field erased from the die206 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aetophoros seated left, circled NE monogram in left field, large Π beneath throne; remnant die erased anchor symbol in outer left field.
Price 3347 var. (anchor in left field, attributed to Arados); Houghton Group II, Series H, 69-76 var. (anchor in left field); SC 94.3(c) var. (anchor in left field). Obverse die macth to SC 94.4; SNG Copenhage 670; HGC 9, 10g (C). Babylon II (Native or Satrapal Mint) 311-305 BC. A unique example of the type – undocumented with the erased anchor.
(27 mm, 17.29 g, 5h).

This is the only known example of SC 94.3c that bears a reverse struck from a die on which the anchor that is normally found in the outer left field has been erased. It is the one of two erased anchor issues in the name of Alexander outside of museum collections. The other example SC 94.5 is also to be found in the LT collection. The anchor erasure has not been documented on SC 94.3c, although it is known on three examples of SC 94.4 that bear a ΠAT monogram mint control in the place of the circled NE monogram found on this coin. The obverse of this coin is a die match to an example of SC 94.4, SNG Copenhagen 670, illustrated in Morkholm Plate V, 82. This previously unrecorded example of anchor erasure is further evidence that the erasure was a systematic and deliberate act in the Babylon II mint that appears to have occurred around the time that Seleukos adopted the royal title.
Lloyd T
Seleukos_I,_AE_20_Antioch_on_Orontes.jpg
Greek, Seleukos I Nikator, Unpublished Legend Error140 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 20 - Antioch on the Orontes
Winged head of Medusa right. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKY (sic) Indian humped bull butting right, control mark Ξ in exergue.
SC 21.2(b); CSE 9; WSM 925; SNG Spaer 23; HGC 9, 92a (S-R1); Sear GCV 5852.
Struck ca. 286-281 BC at Antioch on the Orontes.
(20 mm, 7.06 g, 2h).
Note the misspelled legend, missing the letter O in the genitive of the king's name; the only known example of this apparently unrecorded error.
Lloyd T
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I,_AE_20_Antioch_on_Orontes_-_Forum_Coins~0.jpg
Indian Humped Bull140 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Antioch on the Orontes, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AE20 Double
Winged head of Medusa right. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKY Indian humped bull butting right, control mark Ξ in exergue.
SC 21.2(b); CSE 9; WSM 925; SNG Spaer 23; HGC 9, 92a (S-R1). Struck ca. 286-281 BC at Antioch on the Orontes.
(20 mm, 7.06 g, 2h).
Note the misspelled legend, missing the letter O in the genitive of the king's name; the only known example of this apparently unrecorded error.
ex-Forvm Ancient Coins


This coin type was produced at many mints across the Seleukid Empire in the last years of Seleukos’ reign. The bull on the reverse is an allusion to a story about Seleukos’ prowess related to us in Appian: He (Seleukos) was of such a large and powerful frame that once when a wild bull was brought for sacrifice to Alexander and broke loose from his ropes, Seleukos held him alone, with nothing but his bare hands, for which reason his statues are ornamented with horns.
Lloyd T
SeleukosIBabylon.jpg
King 01. Seleucos I, 312-281. 99 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Price 3747, Houghton 82(5), gVF, 17.05g, 25.9mm, 45o, Babylon mint, posthumous, 311 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion head headdress; reverse BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and scepter, monogram in wreath left, MI under throne; nice-style high-relief obverse, flat center on reverse

Seleucos I was a comrade of Alexander the great and founded the Seleucid Empire in 312B.C.
2 commentsLordBest
56899q00_(2).jpg
Kingdom of Thrace. Lysimachos AR Tetradrachm183 viewsCirca 297-281 B.C. AR Tetradrachm, Thompson 59, Müller 88 (Sestus mint), 17.146g, maximum diameter 31.2mm, die axis 0o, Mysia, Lampsacus mint. Obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon. Reverse Athena seated left on prow, Nike crowning name in extended right, transverse spear resting against right side, resting left arm on shield behind, KA monogram inner left, herm outer left. gVF. Nice style, beautiful portrait of Alexander.

Ex Otakirak Collection. Ex Stack's, Bowers and Ponterio NYINC Auction 2012, lot 194. Ex FORVM.

Lysimachos, a Macedonian of great physical strength and fortitude, rose to prominence as a σωματοφύλαξ, or “bodyguard” for Alexander the Great. When Alexander’s territories were parceled out during the settlement at Babylon in 323 BC, Lysimachos was given control of Thrace, the Chersonese, and the intervening Black Sea coast. Unfortunately, much of this territory was no longer under Macedonian control, but was claimed by various Thracian tribes. Although Lysimachos was involved to some extent in the early wars of the Diadochs, most of his early years as satrap were preoccupied with subduing the Thracian tribes, an endeavor that was largely unsuccessful. By the time he assumed the royal title in 306/5 BC, his kingdom consisted of little more than the southern portions of Thrace. While this territory included a few already active mints, such as Ainos and Byzantion, Lysimachos was forced to depend on his ally Kassander, the king of Macedon, for coinage, as the sources of bullion were under the control of his enemies. This situation changed in 302 BC, when Lysimachos raised an army at the urging of Kassander and invaded Asia Minor, territory which Antigonos I Monophthalmos controlled, and whose son, Demetrios I Poliorketes, was threatening Kassander’s southern flank in Thessaly. Lysimachos quickly captured much of the Hellespont, and he penetrated as far as Lydia. This territory was rich with both silver bullion and mint cities, including Alexandria Troas, Ephesos, Lampsakos, Magnesia, and Sardis. Lysimachos used these mints to begin striking coinage on his behalf, while at the same time, he apparently sent bullion back to Thrace, where Lysimacheia and Sestos also began to produce coinage for him. These mints initially struck coins of Alexander type for Lysimachos, but later changed to the new Lysimachos type in 297 BC. After Lysimachos and Seleukos I defeated the Antigonids at Ipsos in 301 BC, most of western Asia Minor passed to Lysimachos. He now held some of the most prosperous cities in the Aegean, and soon most of the well-established mints were striking coinage in his name. Many of these same mints were required to pay large sums of tribute in order to fund further campaigns of expansion. One such object of expansion was Macedon, the ultimate goal of all the Diodochs. Since the death of Kassander in 298 BC, it had fallen into chaos and was eventually captured by Demetrios, who was, in turn, driven out by the joint invasion of Lysimachos and Pyrrhos in 288 BC. Initially, Macedon was split between the two, with Lysimachos taking the eastern half and its mint of Amphipolis. By 285 BC, when Lysimachos also obtained the western half from Pyrrhos, Pella also began producing coinage for Lysimachos. His successes, however, were short-lived. Beginning in 284 BC with the murder of his step-sons, Lysimachos became involved in a treacherous game of political and dynastic intrigue. As a result, revolt broke out among the Asian cities under his control, and Seleukos I launched an invasion against him. At the battle of Korupedion in 281 BC, Lysimachos was killed, and his kingdom was subsumed into the Seleukid empire. Ptolemy Keraunos, however, siezed Lysimachos’ European territories after he murdered Seleukos I later that year. Edward T. Newell’s study of Lysimachos’ lifetime issues arranged them according to the territorial expansion of his kingdom. Unfortunately, Newell died before completing his study, and consequently many issues are missing from Margaret Thompson’s survey of his unfinished work. The many ‘unpublished’ coins that have appeared over the past two decades reveal how little is known about Lysimachos’ coinage. Although most catalogs list these unpublished coins as posthumous issues, this is unlikely, as most of his mint cities were taken over by other kingdoms following Lysimachos’ death. The cities that continued to issue his coins as a regular type, such as Byzantion, were mostly ones that regularly conducted trade with cities to the north of Thrace, whose economies were likely dominated by Lysimachos type coinage during his lifetime. A few cities, such as Tenedos, struck brief, sporadic issues of Lysimachos type coins long after his death, but these issues were likely struck for some specific purpose that required this type, and are not part of any regular series. At the beginning of his reign, Lysimachos continued to use Alexander’s coinage types, later modifying them by replacing Alexander’s name with his own. In 297 BC, Lysimachos introduced a new type: the obverse was a portrait of Alexander; the reverse was Athena, Lysimachos’ patron goddess. G.K Jenkins noted the power of the Alexander portrait in his commentary on the Gulbenkian Collection: “The idealized portrait of Alexander introduced on the coinage of Lysimachos in 297 BC is characterized by the horn of Ammon which appears above the ear. The allusion is to Alexander’s famous visit to the oracle of Ammon at the Siwa Oasis in 331, when the god is supposed to have greeted Alexander as ‘My son’.... The best of the Alexander heads on Lysimachos’ coinage...have a power and brilliance of effect that is irresistible. It [is speculated] that these Alexander heads may have derived from an original gem carved by Pyrgoteles, an engraver prominent among the artists of Alexander’s court....” Regardless of the inspiration for the new design, part of the remarkable attraction of this coinage is its artistic variety: each engraver created his own fresh and distinctive portrayal of the world’s greatest conqueror. (Commentary courtesy of CNG).
6 commentsJason T
Babylon_Price_3772.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylon under Seleukos ca. 308-305 BC19 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aetophoros seated left, ligate ME above club in left field, HA monogram beneath throne.

Price 3772; Waggoner Issue IX, 456-460; SC Ad57F; Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265), 1349-1350 (one of these coins).
Babylon I Mint (Imperial Mint) after the Babylonian War and the victory of Seleukos – this saw the removal of the victory wreath of Antigonos from the coinage of Babylon.

(26 mm, 17.16 g, 6h).
ex- CNG 72, 14 June 2006, 436; ex-"Seleucus I" Hoard (CH 10.265).

In 316 Antigonos, following his victory over Eumenes, placed a wreath symbolic of his victory on the coinage of the Babylon Imperial Mint. This symbol persisted on the coinage of Babylon until Seleukos defeated Antigonos and expelled him from Babylonia in 308 BC. This coin was amongst the first of the issues following the removal of the wreath from the Babylon series and thus dated to 308-305 BC.
n.igma
Macedonian_Kingdom,_AR_Tetradrachm,_Babylon_I_Mint,_311-308_BC.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Babylon under Antigonos Monopthalmos during the Babylonian War 311-308 BC 16 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, MTPΘ monogram within wreath beneath throne, MI in left field, crescent moon beneath.

Price 3756; Waggoner Issue VIII, Series IV, 448; Newell Babylon Group 4; SC 82.2d; HGC 9, 10f. Babylon I (Royal Mint) dated to 311/10-309/08 BC by Waggoner.

(24 mm, 16.85 g, 6h).
CNG; ex- Ross Schraeder Collection

Waggoner dated this coin type to 311/10-309/08 at the peak of the Babylonian War waged between Antigonos and Seleukos. Price extended this to incude all the issues bearing the MI control accompanied by the victory wreath and accompanying monogram of Antigonos that was placed on the coinage of Babylon following his victory over Eumenes in 316. It was struck in the Royal Mint (Babylon I) at Babylon nominally after Seleukos reclaimed his Babylonian Satrapy in April 311 BC. The latter event marked the start of the Seleukid era, which is dated with Year 1 commencing in the Macedonian Year commencing October 312 BC. For this reason the coin was considered Seleukid by Houghton and Lorber. However, Seleukos was absent from Babylon for most of the period 311-308 during which time the city was essentially under Antigonid control as the Babylonian War was waged. Therefore, the coin is more correctly attributed as a Royal Macedonian issue under the authority of Antigonos Monopthalmos.

The Royal Mint was established by Alexander the Great and the output accorded to imperial standards of design and control throughout the two decades following the death of Alexander. Production from the mint declined rapidly after the conclusion of the War for Babylonia in 308 BC, the outcome of which convincingly placed the province and greater eastern region of the former Macedonian Empire firmly in the control of Seleukos. The mint may have continued to produce a low volume of coinage from four obverse tetradrachm dies until perhaps ca. 305 BC when it closed; its operations transferred to the mint at Seleukeia on the Tigris. True to its name Babylon Imperial Mint produced coinage only in the name of Alexander and briefly Philip (Arrhidaios), but never in the name of Seleukos.
n.igma
Susa_Alexander_tetradrachm_-__Price_3857.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Alexander III the Great, 336-323, AR Tetradrachm – Susa under satrap Aspeisas 25 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY (of King Alexander) Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, wreath in left field; AI above strut of throne, ΠP monogram below.

Price 3857.
Struck under Aspeisas, satrap of Susiana, circa 316-311 BC.

(25 mm, 16.78 g, 9h).

Classical Numismatic Group Auction 76, 12 September 2007, 772. Incorrectly attributed in the auction catalogue to Seleukos I Nikator, as an unpublished SC 164.1 variant

Susa, or Shushan in biblical Hebrew, is modern day Shush, located in southwest Iran, about 150 km east of the River Tigris. Mint operations appear to have commenced in the city around the time of the death of Alexander in 323 BC. Antigonos Monopthalmos controlled Susa in the interval 320-311 BC, after which Seleukos I annexed it to his province of Babylonia.

At the time this coin was struck in 316-314 BC, the power of Antigonos Monopthalmos was at its zenith. The wreath on the reverse is symbolic of his triumph over Eumenes of Cardia, leaving Antigonos at that time the supreme claimant to the legacy of Alexander the Great. Aspeisas, under whose direct authority the coinage at Susa was struck, was appointed satrap of Susiana by Antigonos following the second Diadoch War. He occupied this role until ca. 311 BC when Seleukos took Babylonia and Susa. A similar Alexander tetradrachm (Price 3852) of Susa issued with Aspeisas’ name on the reverse is the geographical and chronological pointer by which the subsequent issues, including the Seleukid Susa Alexanders, are definitively placed as issues of the mint at Susa. The Aspeisas tetradrachm is followed by the Susa “wreath group” of which this coin is an example. The wreath group is connected directly by magistrates’ symbols, style, and fabric to the subsequent Seleukid issues.
n.igma
Miletos_Alexander_Drachm.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Drachm - Miletos 19 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus enthroned facing left holding eagle and sceptre; labrys (double-head axe) beneath throne, circled ΠPYA monogram in left field.

Price 2148; Thompson DM 260; Newell 49. Struck under Demetrios Poliorketes at Miletos Mint, circa 295/4 BC.

(18 mm, 12h).
Spink & Son Ltd, December 1987.

After the Battle of Ipsos in 301 BC, Ephesos and Miletos were the only major centres in Asia Minor to remain loyal to Demetrios Poliorketes, the son and successor of Antigonos Monopthalmos. In 294 BC, Demetrios secured the Macedonian throne, ruling most of Greece for a period of six years. In 286 BC he invaded Asia Minor, only to be abandoned by his army, at which point he surrendered to his son-in-law Seleukos I Nikator. He died a few years later in 283 BC, held in captivity at Apamea on the Axios by his son-in-law Seleukos.
n.igma
Seleucus_I_2005_Hoard_#_318_.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth ca. 290-287 BC19 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, aphlaston in left field, NO beneath throne.

Troxell Peloponnesian Alexanders pl. XIX, 7 (same dies); Price 681 var. (no royal title and Nikai on throne back), Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) #318 (Plate 1, 318 - this coin).
Struck ca. 290-287 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes.

(28 mm, 17.09 g, 2h).
Jencek Historical Enterprise; ex-Hesselgesser Collection: Goldberg Auction 42 (13 September 2007) Lot 39; ex-CNG 72 (14 June 2006) Lot 320; ex-Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265).

This coin is remarkable for the fact that it can be tied directly to events that transpired around 290-286 BC culminating in the final show down between Demetrios and Seleukos. It was part of a hoard believed to have been a component of Seleukos’ treasury buried in 281 BC. It was struck by Demetrios Poliorketes probably in the period 290-287 BC and travelled with his mercenary army to Asia Minor in 286 BC during an invasion aimed at regaining the legacy of his father Antigonos Monopthalmos. When his army mutinied, Demetrios was forced to surrender to Seleukos I Nikator and this coin found its way into Seleukos’ military campaign treasury. On the assassination of Seleukos in 281 BC a portion of this treasury, consisting of at least three thousand tetradrachms and drachms was buried, eventually to enter modern commerce in 2005 at which point the partial composition of the hoard, including this coin, was documented by Brad Nelson in his 2010 paper the Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265).
n.igma
Corinth,_Alexander_Tetradrachm,_Price_691.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Demetrios I Poliorketes, 306-283 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Corinth ca. 290-287 BC 30 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, Nikai on throne back, cornucopia in left field, NO beneath throne.

Price 691; Müller 877; Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) 339-374 (same obv. die as 376 a Price 691 variant). Struck ca. 290-287 BC in Corinth by Demetrios I Poliorketes.
Struck from worn and rusty dies.

(28 mm, 17.16 g, 4h).
ex- Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265)

The Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) is believed to have been a part of Seleukos’ treasury at the time he was assassinated by Ptolemy Keraunos. The coins in the hoard consist of tetradrachms and drachms, of early the Hellenistic period accompanied by one Boeotian and five Athenian civic issues. The Hellenistic royal coinage derived from the mints of Alexander the Great, Antigonos Monopthalmos, Demetrios Poliorketes, Lysimachos and Seleukos. The hoard was found in an undisclosed location in Asia Minor. Its composition is inferred from 1,721 coins in commerce in 2005-06, although the total hoard is believed to have consisted of more than 3,000 coins. The hoard appears to have been closed around 281 BC at the time of the murder of Seleukos.
n.igma
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Philip_III_Arrhidaios,_AR_Tetradrachm,_Babylon.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylon ca. 317 BC under Seleukos as Satrap 53 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, KY beneath throne, radiate head of Helios in left field.

Price P205 (same dies as P205c); Waggoner Issue VII, 248-256.
Struck during the Satrapy of Seleukos at Babylon Royal Mint (Babylon I) ca 318-316 BC.

(27 mm, 17.13 g, 10h).
Sayles and Lavender, August 2008, on consignment from the Arthur J. Frank Collection; ex-J.Schulman List 205, June 1975, 35.

This coin marks the artistic peak of the Babylonian style. Subsequent issues became less detailed, more stylized and simplified through to the closure of the mint in 305 BC.
3 commentsn.igma
Macedonian_Kingdom,_Phillip_III,_Tetradrachm,_Babylon_.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Babylon II under Seleukos as Satrap 45 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOYZeus Aëtophoros seated left, ancient Greek Zeta beneath throne, ΛY above prow of galley in left field.

SC Ad43.15; Price P158 (Arados); Duryat (Arados) Group V, Series 11.
Struck in Babylonia 317/16 BC under Seleukos as Satrap 320-316 BC.

(27 mm, 17.01 g, 2h).

Ship ahoy ... on the Euphrates River in Babylon!

Diminutive but thought provoking is the galley prow mint control of this coin ... some of Alexander's fleet constructed in India even found its way here after the eastern anabasis. Perhaps easy to see why these types were incorrectly attributed to Arados by Price and earlier workers. The concept of ships in the desert is unusual to say the least, but proven in the written historical record and evidenced on a few of the coins of Babylon!
4 commentsn.igma
Babylon_II_Price_P144.jpg
Kings of Macedon, Philip III Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Babylon II under Seleukos as Satrap25 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, letter Zeta beneath throne, ΔHo monogram to left.

SC Ad43.4; Price P144 (Arados); Duyrat (Arados) Group V, Series 5, 911 same dies D208/R408.
Babylon II workshop 317/16 BC under Seleukos as Satrap 320-316 BC.

(26 mm, 17.01 g, 12h).
n.igma
20180729_235624.jpg
Kings of Syria, Seleukos II, Antioch, 246-225. 17 viewsObv. Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev. Nike standing left.
References: SC 713; HGC 323. 8.29g, 20mm, 12h.
Rare. Green patina, VF
Canaan
Lysimachus_Tetradrachm2.jpg
Lysimachus Tetradrachm - Rare LAX Monogram -- 297-240 BC14 views15.98 g, 29.30 mm, 0°
Uncertain Mint
Silver Tetradrachm; Very Rough,
Müller Lysimachus 559; Otherwise Unpublished; Very Rare

Obverse: Diademed Head of Deified Alexander the Great Wearing Horn of Ammon Right.
Reverse: BΑΣΙΛΕΛΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY (Of King Lysimachus), Athena Nikephoros Enthroned Resting on Shield, Transverse Spear Resting Against Her. LAX monogram

Lysimachus was a distinguished bodyguard of Alexander the Great during the conquest of Persia. Following Alexander's death, he became strategos (military governor) of Thrace. He took the title of King in 305 BC and expanded his rule over Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281 BC, Lysimachus attacked Seleukos I of Syria and died in the battle of Korupedion. His kingdom disappeared with his death, Ptolemy Keraunos, son of Ptolemy I Soter, becoming King of Macedon and Thrace.
_____________________________________
A great win from one of FORVM's eBay auctions.
Hydro
Lysimachus_Tetradrachm.jpg
Lysimachus Tetradrachm -- Magnesia -- 297-282 BC13 views16.34 g, 30.29 mm, 0°
Minted in Magnesia
Silver Tetradrachm; Rough
Price 6813-6816; Thompson 116

Obverse: Diademed Head of Deified Alexander the Great Wearing Horn of Ammon Right.
Reverse: BΑΣΙΛΕΛΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY (Of King Lysimachus), Athena Nikephoros Enthroned Resting on Shield, Transverse Spear Resting Against Her.

Lysimachus was a distinguished bodyguard of Alexander the Great during the conquest of Persia. Following Alexander's death, he became strategos (military governor) of Thrace. He took the title of King in 305 BC and expanded his rule over Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281 BC, Lysimachus attacked Seleukos I of Syria and died in the battle of Korupedion. His kingdom disappeared with his death, Ptolemy Keraunos, son of Ptolemy I Soter, becoming King of Macedon and Thrace.
Hydro
ALEXIII.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III (The Great) Silver Tetradrachm 336-323 BC32 viewsMacedonian Kingdom, Seleukos, Satrap in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
posthumous issue struck under Seleukos I Nikator (uncertain Babylonian mint), 312-306 BC,

Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an anchor. Seleukos was first appointed satrap in Babylonia in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by Antigonus in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.

Scroll down for table


Metal:
AR Silver


Diam:
26 mm.


Weight:
16.56 gr.


OBV:
Head of Heracles Facing Right ,
clad in Nemean Lion-skin headdress


OBV-LEGEND:
None


Marks-OBV:
None


REV:
Zeus seated on throne facing left, holding eagle in outstretched right hand, scepter in left
Right leg drawn behind left
Left field : Anchor flukes up

REV-LEGEND :
(Right and vertical) ALEXANPROY


Marks-REV:
Monegram Below throne: Pi with a dot in it


In Exer:
 ???


Source :
N/A


Age:
336-323 BC


Mint:
 ???


Grade
 Ch VF  


Strike
 4/5 


Susrface
 4/5 


Ref : SC 94•3d.1 ???
NGC Ancients Cert.#2411942-052
Michel C2
Elagabalus_V_1513.JPG
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus "Elagabalus," 218 - 222 AD19 viewsObv: AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEINOC AVГ YГ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Elagabalus facing right.

Rev: VΠ IOYΛ ANT CEΛEYKOY MAPKIANOPOLITΩN, Dionysos standing left, holding a large bunch of grapes in his right hand and a thyrsos in his left.

Legate: Julius Antonius Seleukos

Æ 26, Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior mint

10.8 grams, 26.2 mm, 0°

Varbanov I 1513
SPQR Coins
edessa_GordianIII_BMC159.jpg
Mesopotamia, Edessa, Gordian III, BMC 15916 viewsGordian III, AD 238-244
AE 19, 5.46g, 19.31mm, 330°
struck AD 242-244
obv. AVTOK K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB
Bust, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind, radiate, r.
rev. ABGAROC - BACILEVC
bearded bust of Aelius Septimius Abgar XI. Phraates, draped and wearing Parthian tiara, diademed, r.
ref. BMC 159; SNG Copenhagen 227
about VF, dark green patina with sandy encrustations

Abgar was king of the kingdom of Osrhoene at the Upper Euphrat in Mesopotamia, situated between the Roman and the Parthian empire. The inhabitants, the Orrhoei, were relatives of the Nabataeans. Their capital city was Edessa. This name has been given to the city by Seleukos I Nikator referring to the capital of Makedonia.
Jochen
MYSIA,_Parion.jpg
MYSIA, Parion. 4th century BC. AR Hemidrachm12 views13mm, 2.35 g, 6h.
Bull standing left, head right; round shield below / Gorgoneion, off center, Near VF.

Parion was a city of Mysia (Hellespontine Phrygia), located along the coast of the Hellespont, near the entrance to the Propontis. It was founded in the 8th/7th century BC by colonists from Miletos, Erythrai, and Paros (the latter of which are likely responsible for giving the city its name). The city began striking coinage in the late 6th century, consisting mainly of silver drachms with a gorgoneion on the obverse and a simple square incuse on the reverse. The gorgoneion remained a significant type on its civic coinage well into the early Roman Imperial period. Parion’s location relative to the Hellespont not only made it an important commercial center, as suggested by its prolific civic coinage, but also a strategically important city for the competing Hellenistic monarchies. Initially seized by the Macedonians under Alexander the Great, the city later switched hands multiple times between Lysimachos, Demetrios Poliorketes, the Seleukid kings from Seleukos I through Antiochos Hierax, and the Pergamene kingdom, who retained the city until it was annexed by Rome, circa 133 BC. Coinage was issued during all of these periods, though most of the coins were issues of the various kingdoms.
Leo
pergamoneagle.jpg
Mysia, Pergamon. AE20 Magistrate Seleukos57 viewsMysia, Pergamon. AE20 Magistrate Seleukos.
Obv. Zeus bust Right. SELEYK.. below.
Rev. Eagle on lightning bolt, looking back surrounded by PERGA.
SNG v. Aulock 7491; SNG Cop. 378. BMC 149.
ancientone
Pergammon.jpg
Mysia. Kings of Pergamon. Eumenes I AR Tetradrachm.89 viewsStruck circa 263-255/50 BC (30mm, 17.02g, 2h). Westermark Group III, obv. die V.XXIV; SNG France 1606-9; SNG von Aulock 1355 (same obverse die); SNG Copenhagen 334. Obverse: Head of Philetairos right, wearing laurel wreath bound with a broad ribbon with wide hemmed borders. Reverse: ΦIΛETAIPOY in right field, Athena enthroned left, right hand resting on shield set at her feet, left elbow resting on small sphinx seated right; transverse spear in background, ivy leaf above knee, monogram on throne, bow to right. EF, toned. High relief portrait.

Ex CNG: Classical Numismatic Review XXXIX.1 Spring 2014 lot 929022.

The coinage of Pergamon under Eumenes I crystalized the design of the kingdom’s tetradrachmai for almost 100 years. It features on the obverse a realistic portrait of the eunuch Philetairos, who was initially a treasurer for the diadoch Lysimachos. He entrusted to the eunuch 6000 talents of silver (and gold) for safekeeping in Sardis. However, Philetairos switched allegiance to Seleukos shortly before the Battle of Korupedion in 281 BC, when Seleukos defeated Lysimachos. Seleukos, in turn, was assassinated roughly a year later. The newly created kingdom enjoyed autonomy from the Seleukids and the fortress city of Pergamon was built with Philetairos as its “king”, although he was never publicly crowned as such. Philetairos coined at least three different types of tetradrachmai, which were influenced by his allegiance to different rulers. First, he minted Lysimachos-type coins for his master Lysimachos. After the latter’s defeat and death he next minted coins of the Alexander-type either with the legend Alexandrou or Seleukou. Lastly, in a show of self-assurance and independence, he minted coins with the obverse portrait of Seleukos and the reverse directly copied from the earlier Lysimachos-type coin with Athena seated. However, the similarity ends there: instead of putting a dominating diadoch’s name, he boldly put his name on the coins. After his death, the administration passed on to his adopted nephew Eumenes I. The new ruler was able to liberate his realm from the dominion of the Seleukids when he revolted, at the instigation of Ptolemy II of Egypt, and rather unexpectedly, defeated Antiochos I in Sardis in 261 BC. He greatly expanded his territory and founded several cities. His coinage initiated a type which showed a highly realistic and unflattering portrait of his predecessor Philetairos and showed him as diademed, heavy-set and ostensibly obese whose face dominates the whole space of the obverse of the coin. At this point, there is no need of legitimizing current rulers by reference to Alexander. They could either put their own portraits or the likeness of the founder of a dynasty which they belong. This would eventually become the norm for most coins of third century BC Hellenistic kingdoms. The design on Eumenes’ coins would remain unchanged for the next century and would be adopted by succeeding rulers Attalos I ((241-197 BC) and Eumenes II (197-160 BC). It was estimated that it required 200 obverse dies to mint the coins during those span of time of its existence. As for any long-lived (and much copied) designs of any ancient coin (i.e. coins of Phillip II, Alexander III and Lysimachos), the various Philetairou-type coins could be assigned to a particular ruler according to symbols and monograms and level of artistry.
6 commentsJason T
seleukosIVlaodike~0.jpg
North African Elephant (Extinct)166 viewsAntiochus IV Bronze. Seleucia-in-Pieria mint. Veiled bust of Laodice IV r. Border of dots / BASILEWS ANTIOCOU, North African Elephant (Extinct) head left. Houghton 113 ancientone
pergamene.jpg
PERGAMENE KINGDOM - Philetairos (282-263 BC)42 viewsAR tetradrachm (30mm, 17.21 gm, 12 h). Pergamum, 266-263 BC. Laureate head of Philetairos right / ΦIΛETAIPOY, Athena enthroned left, holding shield in right hand, left elbow resting on sphinx seated right; spear diagonally in background, ivy leaf above knee, bow to outer right, A on throne. Westermark grp. II; SNG BN 1604-5 (Eumenes I). A few light deposits and minor marks, flan flaw on jaw, otherwise sharply struck and well centered. Extremely fine.

Westermark attributed this issue to Eumenes I. However, a more recent analysis of hoard evidence has indicated that this coinage is actually struck during the lifetime of Philetairos, near the end of his reign, following the limited issue of tetradrachms bearing the portrait of Seleukos I. See A. Davesne, G. Le Rider, Gülnar II. Le trésor de Meydancikkale (Paris, 1989), pp. 334-9.
2 commentsRobertBohn
AlexanderTet.jpg
Philip III Tetradrachm114 viewsHead of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck

Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in exergue, radiate head of Helios facing on left, KY under throne

Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I,

c. 323 - 317 B.C

Babylon mint, 17.056g, 29.2mm, die axis 90o,

Price P205, Müller Alexander P117, SNG Cop 1083, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -

Ex-Forum!

Coins from this issue were struck in the names of both of Alexander the Great's co-ruling heirs. Most, including this example, were struck in the name of his brother Philip III, but some were struck in the name of his son Alexander IV. During this period, Archon, Dokimos, and Seleukos I ruled in succession as Macedonian satraps in Babylon. Archon was appointed satrap of Babylonia after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Perdiccas suspected Archon of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. Archon was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, was made satrap by Perdiccas' rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.

7 commentsJay GT4
price_3704~0.jpg
Price 370443 viewsSeleukos issued 317-311. Mongram wreath to the left. H under the throne. Basileus under the H. 1 commentsChance Vandal
Price_3746.jpg
Price 374638 viewsSeleukos issue 311-305. Monogram wreath to the left. MI under the throne. Basileus under MI. Naville 24 lot 172 July 17 2016Chance Vandal
price_3746__monogran_wreath_to_left__MI_under__Basileus_!!!.jpg
Price 374741 viewsSeleukos 311-305. Monogram wreath to the left. MI under the throne. Basileus under MI. In the monogram wreath, inside the P, there is a raised dot. That is the sole difference between this the 3746. Agora 56 lot 24 May 31 2016. Incorrect attribution as a Price 3746Chance Vandal
price_3755.jpg
Price 375534 viewsSeleukos struck 311-300. MI to the left. Grain ear to the left under MI. Monogram in wreath under the throne. Basileus under the monogram (cut off on this coin) Roma e38 lot 292 July 29 2017Chance Vandal
price_3759.jpg
Price 375934 viewsSeleukos so 311-305. MI to the left. Lion head to the left. Monogram wreath under the throne. Basileus under monogram. Roma XII lot 383 Sept 29 2016Chance Vandal
price_3765.JPG
Price 376534 viewsSeleukos so 311-305. MI to the left Hercules club to the left Seleucid monogram wreath under the throne. Basileus under the monogram.1 commentsChance Vandal
01_Seleucids,_Seleukos-I__Nikator_(312-281_BC),_AE_21,_Head_of_Apollo_r__Athena_Promachos,_SC_17_2,_300-281BC,_Q-001,_10h,_20-21mm,_7,50g-s.jpg
Seleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 01 Seleukos I., Nikator, (312-281 B.C.), SC 17.2, AE-21, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Athena Promachos standing right, #187 viewsSeleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 01 Seleukos I., Nikator, (312-281 B.C.), SC 17.2, AE-21, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Athena Promachos standing right, #1
avers: Head of Apollo facing right, wearing laurel wreath, with spiral curls, one falling forward, another at back of neck, much of neck exposed.
reverse: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Athena Promachos standing right, brandishing spear and holding a shield on left arm, Π in the left field.
exergue: Π/-//--, diameter: 20,0-21,0mm, weight: 7,50g, axes: 10h,
mint: Seleucia, Seleukos I., Nikator, Antioch Mint, date: 300-281 B.C., ref: SC 17.2, Newell WSM 918.,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
01_Seleucids,_Seleukos_I__Nikator_(312-281_BC),_AE-13(half_unit),_Winged_head_of_Medusa_r_,_Bull_butting_r_,_SC_6_1,_312-280_BC,_Q-001,_0h,_13-13,5mm,_3,58g-s.jpg
Seleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 01 Seleukos I., Nikator, (312-281 B.C.), SC 6.1, AE-13 (Half unit), BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΣEΛEYKOY, Bull butting right, #1 81 viewsSeleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 01 Seleukos I., Nikator, (312-281 B.C.), SC 6.1, AE-13 (Half unit), BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΣEΛEYKOY, Bull butting right, #1
avers: Winged head of Medusa right with serpents in hair.
reverse: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΣEΛEYKOY, above and beneath bull butting right, A(or monogram) in the left field (behind the bull).
exergue: A/-//--, diameter: 13,0-13,5mm, weight: 3,58g, axes: 0h,
mint: Seleucia, Seleukos I., Nikator, Antioch Mint, date: 312-280 B.C., ref: SC 6.1, Newell WSM 1357., SNG Spaer 67, BMC 65,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Seleukos_II_Kallinikos,_AE-17,_Sardes_mint,_Athena,_Apollo,_SC_660,_246-225_BC_,_Q-001,_0h,_16-17mm,_4,89g-s.jpg
Seleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 04 Seleukos II. Kallinikos, (246-225 B.C.), SC 660a, AE-17, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, Rare! #1121 viewsSeleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 04 Seleukos II. Kallinikos, (246-225 B.C.), SC 660a, AE-17, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, Rare! #1
avers: Helmeted head of Athena right.
reverse: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, holding the arrow and grounded bow, monogram to outer left and right.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0mm, weight: 4,89g, axes: 0h,
mint: Sardes mint, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II. Kallinikos, date: 246-225 B.C., ref: Seleukid Coins 660, HGC 9, 345, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Seleukos_II_Kallinikos,_AE-18,_Magnesia,_Maeander__mint,_Artemis,_Apollo,_SC_670a;_HGC_9,_347,_246-225_BC_,_Q-001,_0h,_17,5-18mm,_3,71gx-s.jpg
Seleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 04 Seleukos II. Kallinikos, (246-225 B.C.), SC 670a, AE-18, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, R! #1110 viewsSeleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 04 Seleukos II. Kallinikos, (246-225 B.C.), SC 670a, AE-18, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, Rare! #1
avers: Bust of Artemis right, bow, and quiver over shoulder.
reverse: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo standing left, holding the arrow and grounded bow, monogram to outer left and right (ME ligate), all within meander border.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 17,5-18,0mm, weight: 3,71g, axes: 0h,
mint: Magnesia, Maeander mint, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II. Kallinikos, date: 246-225 B.C., ref: Seleukid Coins 670a, HGC 9, 347, Rare!
Q-001
quadrans
Seleucia,_Seleukos_III__Keraunos,_(226-223_B_C_),_AE-16,_Head_of_Artemis_r_,_Apollo_seated_l_,_SC_922_1,_SNGIs_509,_Q-001,_1h,_15-16mm,_4,36g-s.jpg
Seleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 05 Seleukos III. Keraunos, (226-223 B.C.), SC 922.1, AE-16, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo seated left, #1149 viewsSeleucia, Seleukid Kingdom, 05 Seleukos III. Keraunos, (226-223 B.C.), SC 922.1, AE-16, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo seated left, #1
avers: Bust of Artemis right, bow, and quiver over shoulder.
reverse: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛΕYKOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding the arrow and resting on a bow, CE over Λ to left.
exergue: -/-//--, diameter: 15,0-16,0mm, weight: 4,36g, axes: 1h,
mint: Antioch, Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos III. Keraunos, date: 226-223 B.C., ref: Seleukid Coins 922.1, SNG Israel 509,
Q-001
"Seleukos or Seleucus III. Ceraunos or Keraunos (The Thunderer), King of the Seleukid Empire of Syria, 225-223 B.C."
quadrans
Seleukos_I.jpg
Seleucid - Seleucus I Nikator (312-281 BCE)10 viewsMetal/Size: AE20; Weight: 8.03 grams; Denomination: Bronze Unit; Mint: Antioch; Date: 280's BCE; Obverse: Winged head of Medusa right with snakes in hair. Reverse: ΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, humped bull (zebu) butting right; controls not visible on this coin. Curved row of beads partially surrounds coin from top to right. References: Cf. SC 21, 152; HGC 9, 92; Sear #6852; Hoover 107c.museumguy
SELEUCID_SELEUKOS_IV.jpg
SELEUCID KINGDOM - Seleukos IV24 viewsSELEUCID KINGDOM - Seleukos IV (187-175 BC) Serrated AE; 23 mm. Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right, ME monogram behind head. Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Apollo standing left, holding arrow and resting left elbow on tripod, AI monogram in lower left field. Reference: BMC 23
dpaul7
SELEUKOS_I_BULL.jpg
SELEUCID KINGDOM - Seueukos I15 viewsSELEUCID KINGDOM - Seueukos I Nikator, AE18mm. Antioch mint, ca 280s BC. Winged head of Medusa right / BAΣIΛEOΣ ΣEΛEYKOΣ, Indian humped bull butting right; X in ex. WSM 925, SNG Spaer 23. dpaul7
Seleukid_Kingdom_1a__img.jpg
Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I, tetradrachm, 312 - 281 B.C.86 viewsSilver tetradrachm
Obv:- Head of Herakles right, clad in lion head headdress
Rev:- BASILEWS SELEUKOU, Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike and scepter, monogram left;
Antioch mint, c. 300 B.C.;
Tef:- SNG Spaer 2, WSM 923, CSE 8

aEF

Ex-Forvm

Old coin - new image

Click to zoom to full size image. I think it's worth it.
3 commentsmaridvnvm
Seleukid_Kingdom_1a_img.jpg
Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I, tetradrachm, 312 - 281 B.C.33 viewsSilver tetradrachm
Obv:- Head of Herakles right, clad in lion head headdress
Rev:- BASILEWS SELEUKOU, Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike and scepter, monogram left;
Antioch mint, c. 300 B.C.;
Tef:- SNG Spaer 2, WSM 923, CSE 8

aEF

Ex-Forvm

Updated image of an old coin from my collection.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Seleucid_Kingdom_1a_img.jpg
Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I, tetradrachm, 312 - 281 B.C.52 viewsSilver tetradrachm
Obv:- Head of Herakles right, clad in lion head headdress
Rev:- BASILEWS SELEUKOU, Zeus enthroned left, holding Nike and scepter, monogram left;
Antioch mint, c. 300 B.C.;
Tef:- SNG Spaer 2, WSM 923, CSE 8

aEF

Ex-Forvm

Updated image using new photography setup.
1 commentsmaridvnvm
Seleukos_IV.jpg
Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopator, Ae 23 33 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator, 187-175 BC, Antioch, Syria.

Obv: head of Apollo right, monogram in left field.

Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Apollo standing left, leaning on tripod right and holding arrow in left; monogram in left field.

23MM , 10.13 GM

Philoromaos
seleukos_bull.jpg
Seleucus I. 312 - 280 B.C. Sardes; Head of Medusa r. / Bull right, AE 14.446 viewsSeleucus I. 312 - 280 B.C. Sardes, Lydia, struck at Sardes 282-280 B.C. AE 14.4mm, 1.95g; Head of Medusa r. / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Bull butting r.; between legs, SI Newell WSM 243, 1357. Ex Gerhard RohdePodiceps
Seleukos_III.jpg
Seleucus III Keraunos (The Thunderer) 225 - 223 B.C.13 viewsSeleukos III Keraunos Ae14.7~15.3mm. 3.02g. Obv: Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder, dotted border. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow. Monogram ce above Λ to left. SNGIs 509-516. SC 922ddwau
Seleukos_VI.jpg
Seleucus VI Epiphanes Nicator, c.96-c.94 B.C.11 viewsSeleucus VI Epiphanes Nicator, c.96-c.94 B.C. Seleucia on the Calycadnus, Tetradrachm Ar 28.1~29.8mm., 15.36g. Obv: Diademed head r. fillet border. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEΥKOΥ EΠIΦANOΥΣ NIKATOΡOΣ (ANE) IΣI Athena Nikephoros standing l., holding Nike in her right hand and resting her left on a shield; behind, spear and in l. field, flower. SC 2405.9. SNG Spear 2783.ddwau
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Seleukid Empire, Seleukos III Keraunos, AE14.7 viewsSyria, Antioch 226-223 B.C. 4.53g - 14.7mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder.

Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY - Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow, M in ex.

SC 922•7i; SNGIs 516.
scarli
Screenshot_2019-05-22_11_00_41.png
Seleukid Empire, Seleukos III Keraunos, AE158 viewsSyria, Antioch 226-223 B.C. 4.31g - 15.4mm, Axis 12h.

Obv: Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder.

Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY - Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow.

SNGIs 503; Sear 6929; SC 922ff.
scarli
SC-89a.jpg
Seleukid Empire: Seleukos I Nikator (312 -281 BCE) AR Quarter Stater – Half Shekel, Babylon II (SC 89a; HGC 9, 69)13 viewsObv: Baal seated left, holding scepter
Rev: Lion walking left; anchor above
Quant.Geek
Price-3349.jpg
Seleukid Empire: Seleukos I Nikator (312 -281 BCE) AR Tetradrachm, Babylon II (Price 3349; SC C94.7d; HGC 9, 10g)35 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin
Rev: AΛEΞANΔPOY to right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in exergue; Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; anchor and monogram to left; Π below throne
Dim: 28mm, 17.19 g, 8h

From the Collection of José Miguel Márquez del Prado
1 commentsQuant.Geek
HGC-344(1).jpg
Seleukid Empire: Seleukos II Kallinikos (246-226 BCE) Æ Unit, Sardes (SC 657.8; HGC 9, 344)15 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress
Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ; Apollo seated left on omphalos, testing arrow and resting hand on grounded bow; in outer left and right fields, monograms
Quant.Geek
HGC-344.jpg
Seleukid Empire: Seleukos II Kallinikos (246-226 BCE) Æ Unit, Sardes (SC 657.8; HGC 9, 344)19 viewsObv: Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress
Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ; Apollo seated left on omphalos, testing arrow and resting hand on grounded bow; in outer left and right fields, monograms
Quant.Geek
Seleucia_on_Tigris_Mint,_Antiochos_I_Tetradrachm.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochos I Soter, 281-261 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Seleukeia on Tigris 24 viewsDiademed head of the mature Antiochos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY (of King Antiochos) Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow held in right hand and resting left on bow, monograms in outer left (ПA) and outer right (HP) fields

SC 379.1; ESM 143; Sear GCV 6866 var.; HGC 9, 128g. Seleukeia on the Tigris mint.

(32 mm, 16.91 g, 1h).
Freeman & Sear.

Antiochos I, the son of Seleukos I came to the throne at age 44, having already been ruler of the Eastern satrapies from ca. 294 BC. Little is known of the detail of Antiochos’ reign other than the fact that he was victorious over Galatian invaders of Asia Minor in 273 BC, which earned him the title of “Soter“(Saviour). He was the first of his line to place his own portrait on his coinage. He also introduced the Apollo on omphalos reverse that became the most recognizable symbol of the Seleukid dynasty.
1 commentsn.igma
Sele4.PNG
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I19 viewsObv. Head of Alexander the Great,locks of hair flowing behind, with wing on head symbolizing divinity.
Rev. BASILEW[S SE]LEYKW[S] Bull butting right.
S6852, described as Medusa with serpents in hair, BMC62.
19mm , 5.11 grams

Canaan
Seleu_0010_Ns.jpg
Seleukid kingdom, Seleukos I - 014031 viewsMinted c.312-280 BC
Laureate head of Apollo right
Athena standing right, holding thunderbolt and shield. BASILEWS SELEYKOY in field, reverse partially off center
7.32 gr, 21 mm
Ref : Sear #6849
2 commentsPotator II
0523175.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator , 312-280 BCE14 viewsObverse: Head of Apollo right.
Reverse: BASILEWS SELEUKOU above and beneath humped bull butting
right, theta and pentalpha above. 5.8 g, 19.85 mm
BMC 71; SNG Spaer 140; Houghton 149-2
Wildwinds example
Contributed by Trionfo-Jerusalem, June 2011.
NORMAN K
Seleukos.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 280 BC89 views21mm, 4.98g
obv: winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair
rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Indian humped bull butting to right
4 commentsareich
Seleukos_I,_AR_Drachm___Triton_XVIII_6_Jan_2015,_713.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Drachm - Susa40 views Helmeted head of Seleukos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Nike standing right, holding in both hands a wreath that she places on trophy to right; H to lower left, AX in lower middle field.

Marest-Caffety AJN 28, Victory Coinage 2.5, 209 (this coin), dies A10/P11, Pl. 15, 209 (this coin); SC 174.5; HGC 9, 34; BMC 39; CSE 1024; Jameson 1656.

Susa mint 300-295 BC.

(15.5 mm, 4.09 g, 12h).

Triton XVIII, 6 January 2015, 713; ex- Cederlind 106, 17 December 1996, 814; Peus 340, 2 Nov. 1994, Lot 476..

Referred to as the Susa Trophy Series, this coin type has a number of unique and enigmatic attributes. It was only stuck at Susa for a period of about five years between 300-295 BC. The type is rarely found west of the Tigris River and appears to have been largely confined to circulation in Susiana and Persis.

Recent work by Marest-Caffey (AJN 28, 2016) placed this enigmatic issue in its true context. The obverse image is polysemous, incorporating elements of Persian iconography of power into a portrait of Greek style and format. This deliberate ambiguity played to the belief systems of different components of Seleukos’s domain. A Macedonian audience could see this as an image of Alexander the Great, while the Persians could see in the taurine imagery as a reflection of Seleukos himself.

The reverse iconography of Nike erecting a trophy is specifically Greek while the trophy itself bears Greek armour including a shield that prominently bears the Macedonian starburt. The latter fixes the issue after the Battle of Ipsos in 301 BC in which Seleukos played a prominent role in the defeat of Antigonos Monopthalmos.

The ‘trophy’ coinage appears was struck in the period 300-295 BC.
2 commentsn.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Susa,_Seleukos_I,_AR_Drachm_.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Drachm - Susa 20 viewsHelmeted head of Seleukos right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Nike standing right, holding in both hands a wreath that she places on trophy to right; H to lower left, AX in lower middle field.

Marest-Caffety AJN 28, Victory Coinage 2.5, 218 (this coin), dies A14/P13, Pl. 15, 218 (this coin); SC 174.5; HGC 9, 34; CSE 1024; ESM 418γ (this coin).

Susa mint, 300-295 BC.

(18 mm, 4.06 g, 10h).

Roma Numismatics, Feb. 2011; ex- CNG 47, 16 Sept. 98, 533; ex- Giessener 33, 3 June 1986, 217; ex- Naville X, 15-18 June 1925, 799.

VENERATION: The hole in this coin has been carefully placed so as not to damage the obverse image. Extension of the flan to accommodate the hole is evident in the distortion of the once circular dotted border of the reverse, plus a thinner than average metal thickness in this area of the coin, accompanied by hammer marks on the obverse. It appears that a slightly off center obverse coin was chosen for this purpose and the area of the flan outside the struck obverse design was flattened and extended to facilitate the placement of a hole in a manner that would not damage the obverse image. The hole appears to have been punched into the coin from both sides. This is shown by a ridge of metal on the inside of the circumference of hole marking the intersection of the two punches from both sides. The outermost edges of the hole show the most wear, consistent with suspension of the coin from leather band, or chain. The wear of the obverse and reverse of the coin is consistent with the coin being held and rubbed between the thumb and forefinger while on display, perhaps around the neck of the owner. With imagination it is easy conceive that this holed coin may have hung around the neck of a Macedonian veteran in one of the garrisons in Persis, testament to his loyalty to Seleukos, only to be fondly rubbed between thumb and forefinger in the pensive moments over a drink and conversation in off-duty hours.
n.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_Drachm,_Susa_Mint.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Drachm - Susa 24 viewsHelmeted head of Seleukos right, frontal facial features carved from the coin, apparently in an act of damnation.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Nike standing right, holding in both hands a wreath that she places on trophy to right; monogram to lower left, ΔI in lower middle field.

Marest-Caffety AJN 28, Victory Coinage 198 (this coin), dies A4/P4, Pl. 14 198 (this coin); SC 174.4 var. (left field monogram); HGC 9, 34; CSE 1024 var.; ESM 414 var.

Susa mint 300-295 BC.

(16 mm, 3.63 g, 8h).

DAMNATION: The defacement of Seleukos’ image on this coin may be one of the earliest acts of damnation recorded on coinage. A broad deep cut to the coin was made to remove the facial features on the obverse. Unlike a test cut, silver has been carved from the coin, rather than being displaced by a chisel blow. This removal of silver contributes to the current low weight of the coin (0.6 g less than the Attic weight standard). The defacement of the image of Seleukos may have been the result of Persid animosity to Macedonian occupation.
1 commentsn.igma
Seleukid_Kingdon,_Seleukos_I,_Babylon_I_mint__unrecorded_type.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylon I ca. 308/7 BC37 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛΕΞANΔPOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, MI in left K(?)Λ beneath throne.

Price -; SC -. Previously undocumented type best placed immediately following Price 3771 in the Babylon I sequence.

(29 mm, 17.1 g, 9h)
Naville 21, 20 March 2016, 96.

The mint controls and style place this coin as an issue of Babylon, struck immediately after the conclusion of the Babylonian War in 308 BC. This event was associated with the removal of a wreathed mint control monogram associated with Antigonos Monopthalmos from coinage also bearing the left field MI control. The MI control was used on Price 3745- 3771 all of which are associated with the victory wreathed control signifying Antigonos supremacy as strategos of Asia. The KΛ control beneath the throne was previously used on Babylon I issues (Price 3711-3713) struck in the final stage of Seleukos’s first satrapy and in the immediate aftermath of his flight to Egypt. Based on the previous association and usage of these mint controls, this coin most probably represents the last of MI mint control issues, the first after the defeat of Antigonos by Seleukos. In Price’s sequence, it is best placed immediately following Price 3771; the earliest issue of Babylon I under the control of Seleukos following the Babylonian War.
1 commentsn.igma
SC_68.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Babylonia, Uncertain Mint 6A 102 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛEΩΣ ФIΛIΠΠOY Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, star symbol beneath throne, Π recut over an earlier mint control in left field.

Taylor, Triparadeisos to Ipsos, Series IV, 189 (this coin), Plate 12, 189 (this coin), dies A50/P1; HGC 9, 11a (same dies); SC 68 (same dies); WSM 1241 (same dies); Price P167 (same dies).

Uncertain Mint 6A in Babylonia, 303-302 BC.

Struck under Seleukos utilising a reverse die from an earlier lifetime Philip issue (Price P160) with the left field mint control recut. Obverse die linked to examples of SC 67 (Alexander), SC 69 (Seleukos) and SC 50.1 (Alexander Uncertain Mint 1) .

One of four examples known and the only one outside the ANS (Newell) collection.

(26 mm, 17.0 g, 3h).

This very late posthumous issue in the name of Philip III is a unique numismatic circumstance. It was struck from a Philip III lifetime reverse die used about twelve years previously, paired to an obverse die that was also used to strike coins in the name of Alexander and Seleukos. This was not a matter of happenstance, but rather a deliberate pairing of dies that symbolically linked the name of Seleukos to the preceding Argead kings in a ritual numismatic statement of legitimacy. This occurred in Uncertain Mint 6A, which by this time was a mobile military mint, attached to the army of Seleukos on the campaign to Ipsos. This ritual symbolic numismatic acclamation of kingship paralleled the acclamation of Seleukos as king by the assembled army in a long-standing Macedonian tradition.

Reference: Taylor, L. W. H. 2015. From Triparadeisos to Ipsos: Seleukos I Nikator’s Uncertain Mint 6A in Babylonia. AJN Second Series 27: 41-97.
3 commentsn.igma
SC_3_3a__Miller___Hoover_41_(this_coin).jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Sardis 282-281 BC 16 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, EP monogram to left, AΣ beneath throne.

SC 3.3a; HGC 9, 16a; Miller & Hoover AJN 22 (2010), 41 (this coin illustrated on plate 14) dies A1/P7; Nelson "Seleucus I" Hoard (CH 10.265) 726-732 (this coin); WSM 1352 α, A1/ P7.

Seleukos’ military mint at Sardis 282-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.12 g, 12h).

ex- Commerce "Seleucus I" Hoard (CH 10.265).

This coin was struck in 282 BC following the fall of the city of Sardis to Seleukos, during the preliminaries of the campaign that delivered the decisive victory over Lysimachos at Korupedion, in the late summer of 281 BC. Six months later Seleukos was assassinated aged seventy-seven years.

Struck from the first obverse and seventh reverse die in the series, this coin is interpreted by Miller and Hoover (The Sardes Mint under Seleucus I Nicator) to have originated from a military mint operation associated with Seleukos army. The obverse bears a striking resemblance to the last die used at Seleukeia in Pieria, to the extent that both dies were almost certainly engraved by the same hand. This led Miller and Hoover to propose that …Stylistic affinities between the first die of Sardes and the last of Seleucia in Pieria raise the possibility that the equipment and personnel of the latter may have been moved to Sardes to serve as a supplemental military mint.

The Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265), from which the coin originates, is believed to have been a part of Seleukos’ treasury at the time he was assassinated by Ptolemy Keraunos. The hoard was found in an undisclosed location in Asia Minor. Its composition is inferred from 1,721 coins in commerce in 2005-06, although the total hoard is believed to have consisted of more than 3,000 coins. The hoard closed around 281 BC at the time of the murder of Seleukos.

References:
Miller, R. P. and O. D. Hoover. 2010. The Sardes Mint under Seleucus I Nicator. American Journal of Numismatics Second Series, 22, 25-34.
Nelson, B. R. 2010 Commerce (“Seleucus I” Hoard) 2005 (CH 10.265). In CH 10, 73-104.
CH 10 = Hoover, O., A. Meadows and U. Wartenberg, eds. 2010. Coin hoards, Volume X: Greek Hoards. New York: Royal Numismatic Society/American Numismatic Society.
n.igma
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_,_Tetradrachm,_Seleucia_on_Tigris_,_CSE_937_this_coin.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Seleukeia on the Tigris 24 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, NO in left field.

SC 119.3(a); HGC 9, 16f; ESM 23 (same dies A27-P79); CSE 937 (this coin); CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047).
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint ca. 300-296 BC.

(25 mm, 16.91 g, 12h).
ex-William K. Raymond Collection; ex- Arthur Houghton Collection.

Some time in the last five years of the fourth century BC the mint at Seleukeia on the Tigris opened to issue coinage in the name of Seleukos. Initial issues maintained the Zeus Aëtophoros (eagle) reverse image. However, shortly thereafter, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced in parallel with the Aëtophoros image. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This is one of three known examples of SC 119.3(a). The others are ESM 23 in the Danish national collection Copenhagen and CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047). Seleucid Coins lists another from the Tricala 1979 hoard (CH IX, 000) in the Athens Numismatic Museum, but this is in fact an example of ESM 24 (Zeus Aëtophoros) that was incorrectly catalogued as ESM 23 by Oeconomides - refer Oeconomides Pl. 66, 109. All noted examples are from the same obverse die. The obverse of this coin is a die match to that of a Zeus Aëtophoros issue with identical NO primary control which is now found in the Berlin collection (ESM 24; Newell Pl V, 4).
n.igma
combine_images~6.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Seleukeia on the Tigris29 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated left, NO in left field.

SC 119.3(a); HGC 9, 16f; ESM 23 (same dies A27-P79); CSE 937 ; CSE 2, 58 (AHNS 1047).
Seleukeia on the Tigris mint ca. 300-296 BC.
27mm and 15.16 grams.
Canaan
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_AR_tetradrachm,_Susa.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Susa 19 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY (of King Alexander) Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, wreath above horned horse head in left field; Boeotian shield to right of wreath; BE above strut of throne.

SC 164.4(b); HGC 9, 10g; ESM 286; Price 3865 (same obv. die); Kritt ESMS S-10 Al.11 same dies A7/P2.
Susa Mint, 311-305 BC.

(25 mm, 16.96 g, 11h).

ex- William K. Raymond collection.

This coin is amongst the earliest issues of Seleukos I Nikator from the mint at Susa. With the addition of Seleukid symbols (in this example a horned horse head) it follows the preceding Susa wreath group struck in the interval 316-311 BC by Aspeisas, under the authority of Antigonos Monopthalmos.
1 commentsn.igma
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_AR_Tetradrachm,_Susa__Mint.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm - Susa29 viewsLaureate head of Zeus right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Athena Promachos brandishing spear and shield in a quadriga of horned elephants right, anchor above IΣO monogram in right field, bee beneath.

SC 178.1; Kritt ESMS S-86 El. 43 dies A11/P-; ESM 327; HGC 9, 18c (R1-2). Susa Mint, 283-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.17 g, 12h).

Freeman & Sear.

An example of the Susa mint transition from biga to quadriga reverse, using an obverse die previously only recorded in the biga series. This obverse die is not found on any of the previously documented (by Newell and Kritt) elephant quadriga coins of the series. It is the only known example that demonstrates an obverse die link between the biga and quadriga emissions. Moreover, the reverse is struck from a die that has some characteristics that suggest it was re-engraved from an elephant biga to an elephant quadriga. As such this coin is amongst the first of the Susa elephant quadriga chariot issues, probably dated to ca. 282 BC.
2 commentsn.igma
152.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Carrhae 28 viewsHead of Herakles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Aëtophoros seated l., wreath and monogram to l., ΛY beneath throne.

SC 42.5; HGC 9, 12a (R2-3); WSM 776 dies A16/P30; Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) 1254 (this coin); CSE 2, 16 (AHNS 1026).
Carrhae (Karrhai) after 301 BC.

(26 mm, 17.08 g, 3h).

Roma E-Sale 3 (30 Nov. 2013), lot 290; from "a private American Collection"; ex- Holyland Numismatics (2012); ex- Commerce ("Seleucus I") Hoard 2005 (CH 10.265) #1254.

Carrhae (Karrhai) was Biblical Haran, the home of Abraham, located in southeastern Turkey a few kilometres from the modern-day village of Altınbaşak, on a tributary of the Euphrates River in northern Mesopotamia. A mint was established in the city around 315 BC under Antigonos Monopthalmos, who settled Macedonian veterans in the city. Many of these veterans joined Seleukos when he passed through the city in 311 on his way to reclaim his Babylonian Satrapy, although the city remained under Antigonid authority. After the Battle of Ipsos in 301 BC, the city fell within the Seleukid Empire.
2 commentsn.igma
150_.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Sardis32 viewsHead of Herakles r. wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus Nikephoros seated l., monogram on shield to l., AΣ beneath throne.

SC 3.1; HGC 9, 16a; Miller & Hoover AJN 22 (2010), 8 (this coin) dies A1/P2; WSM 1350 P2 β, A1/P2 (this coin). Seleukos’ military mint at Sardis 282-281 BC.

(25 mm, 17.07 g, 12h).

Naville Sale XV (2 Jul. 1930), lot 1061.

This coin was struck in 282 BC following the fall of the city of Sardis to Seleukos, during the preliminaries of the campaign that delivered the decisive victory over Lysimachos at Korupedion, in the late summer of 281 BC. This coin is from the first obverse and second reverse die used in the series. It is one of two examples from this die set that survives to this day. The series from which it comes was interpreted by Miller and Hoover (The Sardes Mint under Seleucus I Nicator) to have originated from a military mint operation associated with Seleukos army. The obverse bears a striking resemblance to the last die used at Seleukeia in Pieria, to the extent that both dies were almost certainly engraved by the same hand. This led Miller and Hoover to propose that "Stylistic affinities between the first die of Sardes and the last of Seleucia in Pieria raise the possibility that the equipment and personnel of the latter may have been moved to Sardes to serve as a supplemental military mint."
2 commentsn.igma
SC_60_2.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, AR Tetradrachm – Uncertain Mint 432 viewsHead of Herakles right wearing lion-skin headdress.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ reading up on left, ΣEΛΓYKOY (misspelled with Γ rather than E) reading down on right, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, ΣΕ monogram to left, circled ΜΗY monogram beneath throne.

SC 60.2; HGC 9, 12d (R2-3); WSM 1342 (same obverse die).

Uncertain Mint 4 in Cappadocia, Eastern Syria, or Northern Mesopotamia 301-281 BC.

(26 mm, 17.15 g, 5h).
Naville 21, 20 March 2016, 97.

Seleucid Coins (p. 33) notes the declining competence exhibited by reverse dies in the series to which this coin belongs. This is a characteristic along with the mint controls, shared with some of the later issues of Uncertain Mints 6A/1, perhaps pointing to the mobile military nature of the mint and resultant variable access to skilled engravers. The misspelled legend fits with this observation.
3 commentsn.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I,_AE19_Antioch_on_Orontes_SC_25.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 19 - Antioch on the Orontes ca. 290 BC 11 viewsMale figure (Dionysos as patron god of war elephants) seated on rock holding ankh (elephant goad).
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Horned elephant head right, [Ξ] in exergue.

SC 25; HGC 9, 78; CSE 12; WSM 929.
Struck ca. 290 BC.

(19 mm, 6.47 g, 12h).

Perhaps a few dozen examples of this coin type have survived to this day. This coin may have come from the same recently uncovered hoard, which saw five examples with identical patina come to market ove a period of eighteen months. Newell in WSM recorded seven specimens of this coin type, which he interpreted to be the last issue under Seleukos at Antioch, struck in celebration of Seleukos' victory over Lysimachos at Korupedion in 281 BC. Recently, Lorber and Houghton in "An Early Seleucid Bronze Hoard" (Israel Numismatc Journal 17, 2009-10, p. 15-33) convincingly re-interpreted the obverse motif with an association to the Battle of Ipsos and a probable dating to ca. 290 BC.
n.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I,_AE20.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 19 - Antioch on the Orontes ca. 290 BC10 viewsMale figure (Dionysos as patron god of war elephants) seated on rock holding ankh (elephant goad).
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Horned elephant head right, [Ξ] in exergue.

SC 25; HGC 9, 78; CSE 12; WSM 929.
Struck ca. 290 BC.

(19 mm, 7.09 g, 12h).

Perhaps a few dozen examples of this coin type have survived to this day. This coin may have come from the same recently uncovered hoard, which saw five examples with identical patina come to market ove a period of eighteen months. Newell in WSM recorded seven specimens of this coin type, which he interpreted to be the last issue under Seleukos at Antioch, struck in celebration of Seleukos' victory over Lysimachos at Korupedion in 281 BC. Recently, Lorber and Houghton in "An Early Seleucid Bronze Hoard" (Israel Numismatc Journal 17, 2009-10, p. 15-33) convincingly re-interpreted the obverse motif with an association to the Battle of Ipsos and a probable dating to ca. 290 BC.
n.igma
Seleucid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I,_AE_20_Antioch_on_Orontes.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 20 - Antioch on the Orontes18 viewsWinged head of Medusa right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKY (sic) Indian humped bull butting right, control mark Ξ in exergue.

SC 21.2(b); CSE 9; WSM 925; SNG Spaer 23; HGC 9, 92a; Sear GCV 5852.
Struck ca. 286-281 BC at Antioch on the Orontes.

(20 mm, 7.06 g, 2h).
Note the misspelled legend, missing the letter O in the genitive of the king's name; the only known example of this apparently unrecorded error.

This coin type was produced at many mints across the Seleukid Empire in the last years of Seleukos’ reign. The bull on the reverse is an allusion to a story about Seleukos’ prowess related to us in Appian: "He (Seleukos) was of such a large and powerful frame that once when a wild bull was brought for sacrifice to Alexander and broke loose from his ropes, Seleukos held him alone, with nothing but his bare hands, for which reason his statues are ornamented with horns."

On the frequency with which this coin type appeared at mints across the Seleukid Empire in the final years of Seleukos I, Newell commented that "Such a widespread coinage of a single type would seem to hint at some effort on the part of the central government, towards the end of the reign, to coordinate what had hitherto been a remarkably diverse selection of types on the bronze coinage of the empire. If such an effort was really made, it proved to be but of short duration. For under Antiochus I and his immediate successors, the bronze types again became extremely varied as between mint and mint. Apparently the authorities in charge of several mints were at liberty to select such types for the minor coins as appeared the most appropriate to them. This is one of the reasons why the Seleukid coinages possess so strong an appeal; in contrast, for instance, to the tiresomely narrow range of Ptolemaic types, with their eternal Ammon, Zeus or Isis heads and their never ending eagle reverses.
1 commentsn.igma
Apamea_AE_lg.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC, Æ 21 - Apamea on the Axios 28 viewsElephant standing right.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY Bridled horned horse's head left, anchor beneath.

SC 35; HGC 9, 79; CSE 415; WSM 1128; SNG Spaer 50-52; SNG Copenhagen 40; Sear GCV 6850.
Apamea on the Axios Mint 300-281 BC.

(21 mm, 7.86 g, 12h).

Seleukos I established Apamea on the Axios (a tributary of the upper Orontes River) in Syria around 300 BC. Named in honour of his Baktrian wife, Apama, it was developed on the site of the former Macedonian military colony of Pella. It became the primary Seleukid military depot and arsenal. In Apamea, Seleukos maintained his 500 war elephants and more than 30,000 horses to serve the needs of his cavalry, as well as an arsenal of weaponry and facilities for the manufacture of arms. For the next five generations, Seleukid military campaigns were mounted from Apamea.

The coin type is rare, with all known find locations being located in Syria, but with no control, or design linkages to any other emission from the Seleukid Syrian mints of the time. Newell placed this coin as the sole issue of Apamea during the reign of Seleukos I. This attribution was based on the absence of any linkage to any other Syrian mints and the iconography of the coin, which he felt reflected the military role and significance of Apamea. In the obverse he saw the war elephants, which were the pride of Seleukos’ army, while in the reverse he saw a reference to the powerful Seleukid cavalry, both of which were based at Apamea.

The iconography of the coin bears a striking similarity to the tetradrachm issues of Pergamon in Seleukos name in 281 BC, following the defeat of Lysimachos in the Battle of Korupedion. This short-lived emission is unique. Newell believed that it was possibly inspired by the Apamea bronze coinage, suggesting that the latter may have been struck at the time Seleukos was assembling his forces at Apamea for the decisive encounter with Lysimachos. Some of these coins may then have accompanied his soldiers into Asia Minor, eventually to find their way with his soldiers to Pergamon, where the type served as the model for the brief silver emission celebrating Seleukos’ victory at Korupedion.
2 commentsn.igma
Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_312-280_BC_AE_20.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 305-281 BC, Æ Double - Baktria, Uncertain Mint 19 (Baktra ?)19 viewsHead of Dioskouros right, wearing a wreathed pilos, all within dotted border (partially visible).
BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY (barely legible) Forepart of horned and bridled horse galloping right, anchor above, circled ΠYMH monogram to right.

ESM 749d var. (obverse monogram); Kritt SCB 45 variant (monogram detail); SC 269.4 var.; HGC 9, 87.
Struck 290/86-281 BC at Houghton & Lorber's Uncertain Baktrian Mint 19 probably Baktra.

(20 mm, 7.76 g, 7h).

This is one of the first Baktrian bronze coins to bear the name of the Seleukos. Twenty-one bronze coins with this iconography are known. Seventeen of these are listed in Kritt’s Seleukid Coins of Baktria catalogue, all attributed to Mint A (Baktra). Kritt noted that one similar coin (Kritt Group 7, 40) was found in the Ai Khanoum excavations. This specimen he considered to be a Mint A (Baktra ?) product, transported to Ai Khanoum in the pattern of trade of the time. Following Kritt’s reasoning, Seleucid Coins attributed this coin type to Uncertain Mint 19 (Kritt’s Mint A), perhaps Baktra, in the period 290/86-281 BC.
n.igma
thumb_09002p00~0.jpg
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 312- 281 B.C., Babylonian double shekel559 views Silver double shekel, Houghton SC-88.2a, Newell ESM-263, SNG Cop -, gVF, 16.94g, 23.9mm, 315o, Babylon mint, c. 311-305 B.C.; obverse Ba'al seated left on diphros, holding scepter in right and resting left hand on seat, border of dots; reverse lion walking left on exergual line, horizontal anchor above, boarder of dots;6 commentssalem
seleukos_i_aa_res.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS I (NIKATOR)31 views312 - 286 BC
struck late 280's
AE 19.5 mm 6.18 g
O:Winged head of the Gorgon Medusa right
R: Bull butting left
laney
seleuk_i_athena.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS I (NIKATOR)17 views312-281 BC
AE 19 mm; 6.52 g
O: Laureate head of Apollo right
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Athena Alkidemos standing rt. brandishing thunderbolt and holding shield. Θ in field to right.
Antioch mint
laney
seleu_i_bull_res.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS I NIKATOR33 views312 - 281 BC
AE 20 mm; 6.91 g
O: Winged head of Medusa right
R: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ. Bull butting right
Antioch mint; SNG Spaer 23; SC 21.2b
1 commentslaney
athena_res.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS II (CALLINICUS)39 views246 - 226 BC
AE 19 mm 7.12 g
O: Head of Athena right in Corinthian helmet
R: BASILEWN SELEYKOY, Nike standing left
ANTIOCH
laney
seleuk_iii.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS III KERAUNOS (The Thunderer)21 views226 - 223 B.C.
AE 15 mm, 2.94 g
O: Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow; monogram in exe.
Antioch mint; cf SNGIs 509-516. SC 922v.
d.s.
laney
seleuk_iii~0.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS III KERAUNOS (The Thunderer)16 views226 - 223 B.C.
AE 15 mm, 4.55 g
O: Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow
Antioch mint; cf SNGIs 509-516. SC 922v.
laney
seleukos_iv_stag.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS IV26 views187 - 175 BC
Seleukos IV Philopater
Serrated AE 17.5 mm 4.49 g
O: Head of Artemis right
R: Artemis standing facing, holding spear, deer at foot, L
laney
selek_apollo_tripod_c.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS IV PHILOPATER16 views187-175 BC
AE 23 mm, 9.12 g
O: Laureate head of Apollo right, archaized style, hair rolled behind, locks falling down neck
R: Apollo standing left, holding arrow, leaning on tripod; monograms to inner and outer left
Antioch mint; cf SC 1315.v; HGC 9, 584.
d.s.
laney
dionys_prow_seleuk_iv_b.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM--SELEUKOS IV PHILOPATOR16 views187-175 B.C.
AE 20 mm, 6.74 g serrated
O: Wreathed and draped bust of Dionysos right, thyrsos over shoulder; monogram behind
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, prow of galley left; control marks above
Antioch on the Orontes mint. SC 1316; HGC 9, 586
laney
ZomboDroid_16092019092908.jpg
SELEUKID KINGDOM. Seleukos IV Philopator AR Tetradrachm; 28mm // 15,69g. Antioch on the Orontes, circa 187-175 BC.10 viewsObv.Diademed head right.
Rev.Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and resting hand on bow; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ to right, ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ to left, filleted palm branch in outer left field, Φ in exergue.
Ref.SC 1313.6b.
Canaan
20170410_135218.jpg
Seleukid Kings of Syria. Seleukos I (312-281 BC). Antioch, c. 300-281. 34 viewsObv. Laureate head of Apollo.
Rev. Athena Promachos standing right.
References: SC 17.3; HGC 9, 77.
20 mm and 6.81 grams
1 commentsCanaan
20170504_135430.jpg
SELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Antioch mint22 viewsObv. Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev. Nike standing left, crowning royal name and holding palm branch; anchor to inner left.
References: SC 692.1; HGC 9, 322.
17mm, 7.18 grams.
1 commentsCanaan
20170505_120722.jpg
SELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC.Antioch mint. 8 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Athena right.
Rev: Nike standing left, crowning royal name and holding palm branch; anchor to inner left.
References: SC 692.1; HGC 9, 322.
20mm, 7.97 grams.
Canaan
BOTH_KALLINIKOS.jpg
Seleukos 11 kallinikos 246-226 BC Tetradrachm SOLD5 viewsobs-diademed head of Seleukos 11
SC 689.10
27mm 16.9g
rev- Apollo nude facing L, testing arrow & leaning on tripod
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ
control marks: inverted Ω over P outer Left field
mint of Antioch on the Orontes SOLD SOLD
cicerokid
4190206.jpg
Seleukos I11 viewsSeleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (25.3mm, 17.05 g, 9h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; monogram in wreath in left field, MI and pellet below throne. SC 82.5b var. (no pellet); Price 3747 var. (same); HGC 9, 10f; Berlin 18207741; CNG 402, lot 271; CNG 399, lot 220. VF, lightly toned, a few edge deposits. Very rare variety with pellet below MI, only one in Pella (Berlin), six in CoinArchives (only two noting the pellet below MI).

From the Colin E. Pitchfork Collection.

Ex CNG 419 lot 206
arash p
1059_Seleukos_I.JPG
Seleukos I - AE7 viewsSeleucie on Tigris
296-280 BC
horned and bridled head of horse right
anchor
BAΣIΛEΩΣ // ΣEΛEYKOY
monogram
SC 146; ESM 46; SNG Spaer 135.
ex Naumann
Johny SYSEL
1487_Seleukos.jpg
Seleukos I - AE8 viewsc. 285-280 BC
Sardis
winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair
bull butting right
BAΣIΛEΩΣ
ΣEΛEYKOY / Ξ
Houghton-Lorber I 21(2), Newell WSM 925, SNG Spaer 23, SGCV II 6852, HGC 9 92a (R1)
Johny SYSEL
gXF9WS7aqPo3A2kibC4LMyj6gK8joa.jpg
Seleukos I Ekbatana mint11 viewsRare ex CNG 2001arash p
Philip_III_Tetradrachm2.jpg
Seleukos I Nicator Tetradrachm -- Babylon -- 309-300 BC37 views16.407 g, 26.2 mm, 270°
Babylonian Mint
Silver Tetradrachm; High Relief, Tight Flan, Corrosion
Minted by Seleukos as King of Syria; In Name and Style of Alexander
Price 3704; Müller Alexander 714; Armenak Hoard 135

Obverse: Head of Herakles Wearing Nemean Skin Headdress Right.
Reverse: BΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (Of King Alexander), Zeus Aëtophoros Enthroned Left Holding Eagle and Staff.

Philip III Arrhidaeus was the mentally deficient, bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa, and therefore the half-brother of Alexander the Great. On the death of Alexander he was elected king by the Macedonian Army. He was, however, imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia and in October 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias, Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson. Seleukos served under Alexander III as an infantry general. Following, Alexander's death, he served as Commander of the Companions in Babylon under Perdiccas and Satrap of of Babylon under Antipater. During the renewed Wars of the Diadochi, Seleukos founded the Seleukid Empire in 312 BC. The Seleukid dynasty ruled Syria until Pompey made Syria a Roman province in 63 BC.
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Newest FORVM purchase. A great coin; the picture really doesn't do it justice.
1 commentsHydro
Seleukos_I_Nicator.jpg
Seleukos I Nicator, SC 6-1, 312-280 BC, Sardis, Lydia5 viewsWinged head of Medusa right with serpents in hair. Bull butting right; SI between hind legs.

BASILEWS SELEUKOU
King Seleukos
Jonathan N
Seleukos_I_Nikator.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator16 viewsOBV: Winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair
REV: BASILEWS SELEUKOU
Indian humped bull butting to right
SNG Spaer 21 ff. (various control-marks), SGCV II 6852, VF, 2.606g
14.6mm, Lydia, Sardes mint
312 - 280 B.C.
goldenancients
Seleukos_I_Nikator.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator156 viewsSeleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C. AR Unit 17mm, 3.3 g. Babylon I mint. Struck circa 311-300 BC O: Head of Herakles wearing lion skin R: Club and quiver-over-bow; monogram to left, Lambda to right.
SC 84; Price 3705; A. Spaer, “A New Type of Alexander the Great?” INJ 5 (1981), 1; HGC 9, 70 (R3). Only two others published, each from a different set of dies and different monogram on the reverse.

Seleukos was Satrap in Babylon from 321/20-316 BC and then fled to Egypt under threat from Antigonos. He returned to Babylonia in April 311 and it is from this date in the Macedonian year 312/11 that the Seleukid era is dated i.e. Seleucid Year 1 = 312/11 BC being the year he ousted Peithon from Babylonia. Peithon had been appointed Satrap of Babylonia by Antigonos after the flight of Seleukos.

Previous authors have noted the denomination of this rare issue as 1/5th tetradrachm or 1/5th stater, based on the Macedonian standard used from Archelaos through Philip II. However, the weights of the three published pieces, 3.3 g, 3.19 g and 2.79 g, do not comport well with this idea. The fact that this type is only known in the far eastern mint of Babylon also makes such a weight standard doubtful. Unfortunately, the weights of these three pieces also do not comport well with the local Babylonian standard. Until more pieces come to light, their exact standard and denomination remains unknown.
6 commentsNemonater
IMG_0047.JPG
Seleukos I Nikator 9 viewsSYRIA, Seleukid Kings. Seleukos I. 312-280 BC. Æ 15mm (3.21 gm). Antioch mint. Winged head of Medusa right / BASILEWS SELEUKOU, bull butting right; uncertain monogram above. Cf. SNG Spaer 29-30.
ecoli
SelElephant.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator / Quadriga of Elephants18 viewsSeleukos I Nikator. 312-281 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 17.13 g, 4h). Seleukeia on the Tigris II mint. Struck circa 296/5-281 BC.
O: Laureate head of Zeus right
R: BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King) left, Athena, brandishing spear and shield, in quadriga of elephants right; anchor above,ΣEΛEYKOY (Seleukos), two monograms in exergue.
- SC 130.20c corr. (monogram); ESM – (but obv. die A42); HGC 9, 18a; NFA XXII, lot 339 (same dies); CNG 96 lot 530 (Same Dies).

For this variety, 130.20c, SC cites NFA XXII, lot 339, but the monogram is not clear in the photograph. The present coin, from the same dies as the NFA piece, clearly shows that the diagonal line in the lower left of the monogram is not present.

Seleucus I was the founder of the Seleucid dynasty. His kingdom at its highest point extended from Thrace and Asia Minor in the West to Bactria in the East and from the Black Sea in the north to the borders of Egypt in the South. Out of all of the Successors of Alexander the Great, he was the one who came closest to restoring the entirety of the Macedonian Empire. Although Seleucus had been appointed satrap of Babylonia by an assembly of Alexander’s former generals in 321 BC, Antigonos, who was made strategos of Asia at the same time sought to remove the satraps that he could not control and thereby become the new master of Alexander’s Empire. Realizing the danger, Seleucus escaped from Babylon to the Egyptian court of Ptolemy. With Ptolemy’s assistance, Seleucus was able to return to Babylon and reclaim his satrapy in 312 BC. In 306/5 he embarked upon an eastern campaign to gain control of the Upper Satrapies.

This series of tetradrachms served as a reminder of the 500 war elephants Seleukos received in settlement with Chandragupta in the Peace of 303. The treaty is celebrated on the reverse which depicts a militant Athena being pulled by four elephants equipped with horned headdresses.

Elephants were the equivalent to the tank of the ancient Greek world. The elephants of Chandragupta had a pivotal role to play in Seleucus’ reign. Thanks to their timely arrival at the Battle of Ipsos (301 BC), it was possible for Seleucus and his allies to defeat and kill Antigonos, thereby ending an ever-present threat to his security. With Antigonos gone, Seleucus could safely rule his eastern kingdom. In 281 BC Philetairos and other cities and rulers of western Asia Minor invited Seleucus to march west and destroy his sometime ally, Lysimachos, who had made himself very unpopular in the region. Seleucus acquiesced to this request, defeating and killing Lysimacus at the Battle of Korupedion. This victory gained for Seleucus all of Lysimacus’ former territory in Asia Minor and Thrace, but he was not able to savour this triumph for long. Later in the year, as he marched through Thrace, Seleucus was murdered by a refugee from the Ptolemaic court.
1 commentsNemonater
Seleukos_I.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator 305-281 BC11 viewsSeleukos I Nikator, circa 305-281 BC. Ae20 - 21mm. Weight 7.15g. Antioch mint. Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ/ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Athena Promachos standing right; anchor to inner right. SNG Spaer 3, Houghton 2. ddwau
DSC01609.JPG
Seleukos I Nikator 312-293 B.C.38 viewsSELEUKID KINGDOM 16mm 2.97g.

Obverse: Winged head of Medusa right
Reverse: Bull butting right

Dk0311USMC
Philip_III_Tetradrachm.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator as Satrap for Philip III Tetradrachm -- 320-315 BC35 views16.94 g, 27 mm, 300°
2nd Babylonian Mint
Silver Tetradrachm
Minted during reign of Philip III; Under Seleukos
Price 140

Obverse: Head of Herakles Wearing Nemean Skin Headdress Right.
Reverse: BΑΣΙΛΕΛΣ FILIPPOU (Of King Philip), Zeus Aëtophoros Enthroned Left Holding Eagle and Staff.

Philip III Arrhidaeus was the mentally deficient, bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa, and therefore the half-brother of Alexander the Great. On the death of Alexander he was elected king by the Macedonian Army. He was, however, imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia and in October 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias, Alexander's mother, to ensure the succession of her grandson. Seleukos served under Alexander III as an infantry general. Following, Alexander's death, he served as Commander of the Companions in Babylon under Perdiccas and Satrap of of Babylon under Antipater. During the renewed Wars of the Diadochi, Seleukos founded the Seleucid Empire in 312 BC.
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Either my #1 or #2 favorite coin. Slight evidence of it having been cleaned a bit harshly by a past owner, but I still love how it ended up. Slightly impaired surface, but an amazing strike.
Hydro
SelTrophy.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator Trophy Tetradrachm 36 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos I Nikator, 312-281 BC. Tetradrachm (Silver, 26mm, 17.02 g 8), Susa, c. 304-298/7.
O: Bust of Alexander the Great and/or Seleukos as Dionysos to right, wearing helmet covered with a panther skin and adorned with a bull’s horn and ear, and with a panther skin tied around his shoulders.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ Nike walking to right, placing wreath on trophy of arms to right; to left and right of Nike, monogram.

- CSE 1023. ESM 426. Kraay/Hirmer 740. SC 173.4., Ex New York Sale XXVIII, 5 January 2012, 1033, and from an English collection.

The portrait on the obverse has been identified as Dionysos, Alexander, or Seleukos. The arguments for each identification have merit, and indeed they are probably all correct; the image is an assimilation of all three into a singular portrait, as Iossif argues. The portrait relates to Seleukos' eastern victory and ties his mythology to that of both Dionysos (the panther being the animal companion of the god Dionysos), the first conqueror of India, and Alexander, the second conqueror of India.

In contrast, the reverse relates to the western victories of Seleukos. Here, Nike, the goddess of victory, places a wreath on a “trophy of arms”. An ancient “trophy” was a wooden post set up on a battlefield, decorated with the armor and weapons of a defeated enemy. This trophy is built from Macedonian arms, as evidenced by the Vergina Sun (or Argead Star) emblazoned on the shield. This star is ubiquitous in Greek and Macedonian art from ancient times down to our day. A beautiful example is found on a larnax in the tomb of Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great. This clearly identifies the vanquished enemy as the Antigonid army that fell at Ipsos in 301 BCE.

Thus, this issue celebrates the totality of Seleukos' victories in the east and west, solidifying his new empire, and also further establishes his dynastic heritage by tying his exploits to that of the great conqueror, Alexander, in an effort to legitimize Seleukos' right to rule over these vast lands.
3 commentsNemonater
Seleukos_I~0.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator, 305-281 BC.8 viewsSeleukos I Nikator, 305-281 BC. Sardis mint, AE half-unit. 15.5 - 16mm. Weight 4.02g. Obv: Winged head of Medusa right with serpents in hair Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ above and beneath bull butting right; ΣΙ between hind legs. Houghton SC 6.1; Newell, WSM, 1357; SNG Spaer, 67; BMC 65.ddwau
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Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 BC (In the name of Alexander the Great)108 viewsObv: Head of young Herakles facing right, wearing lion-skin headdress tied at neck.

Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in right hand, long scepter held vertically in left, feet on footstool with right leg drawn back, MI over crescent left, monogram in wreath under throne.

Silver Tetradrachm, Babylon mint, c. 309 - 300 AD

17.049 grams, 27.3 mm, 0°

GCV II 6829 (var.), Houghton 82.2d, Price 3756, Müller Alexander 741

Ex: FORVM
2 commentsSPQR Coins
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Seleukos I Nikator, AE15, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΣ10 viewsAE15
Seleukos I Nikator
King: 312 - 280BC
16.5 x 15.0mm 3.20gr 5h
O: NO LEGEND; Head of Medusa, right, snakes in hair; dotted border.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΣ; Humped bull, butting head right and pawing ground.
Exergue: Monogram ΣI, between hind legs.
Sardis Mint
Houghton SC 6.1; SNG Spaer 67; Newell, WSM, 1357; BMC 65.
Time Machine/Mark Reid Chicago Coin Expo
4/18/18 4/24/18

Nicholas Z
Seleukos_I~1.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 B.C.11 viewsSeleukid Kingdom. Seleukos I Nikator. 312-281 B.C. Ae 18.7~20.0 mm, 6.16 g. Antioch on the Orontes mint, struck late 280s. Obv: Winged head of Medusa right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, bull butting right. SC 24.1; HGC 9, 107c; cf. SNG Spaer 21-6ddwau
83205q00_Seleukid_Kingdom,_Seleukos_I_Nikator,_sardes_bull.jpg
Seleukos I Nikator; Winged head of Medusa r./ Indian humped bull r.; AE1856 viewsSeleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C. Bronze AE 18, Houghton and Lorber 6, SNG Spaer 21 ff. (various control-marks), SGCV II 6852, Lydia, Sardes mint, 5.291g, 19.4mm, 0o, obverse winged head of Medusa right, snakes in hair; reverse “ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ”, Indian humped bull butting to right. The type of the Indian humped bull is attributed solely to Nikator, along with the well-known anchor symbol. The bull alludes to Nikator's unarmed action stopping such a bull that broke free while Alexander the Great was sacrificing at the altar. Seleucus captured Sardes from Lysimachus in 282 B.C. This type has been attributed to Sardes based on find locations. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
Sel_I_Athena_k.jpg
Seleukos I, 312-280 BC 13 viewsÆ20, 6.3g, 12h; Antioch mint, c. 300-281 BC.
Obv.: Laureate head of Apollo right.
Rev.: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY; Athena Promachos standing right; Θ in lower right field.
Reference: SC 17.3, WSM 920, BMC 58 / 16-393-55
1 commentsJohn Anthony
s_BC,_Sardes.jpg
Seleukos I, AE18, 280's BC, Sardes15 viewsSeleukos I
Seleukid Empire
AE – 18mm
Sardes, late 280’s BC
winged head of Medusa r., with snakes in hair
Indian humped bull butting to r.
BAΣIΛEOΣ ΣEΛEYKOΣ
SGCV II 6852, SNG Spaer 21
Ardatirion
nikatorB_copy.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator31 viewsAE 23, Syria, Seleukos I Nikator, ca. 312-280 B.C. Obv: Laureated head of Apollo facing right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ around Athena standing, holding spear and shield in fighting position, inverted anchor in field to right. Dark brown patina with red earthen highlights, gF. Lindgren III, pl. 57, 971, SC 15, 17, Hoover HGC 9, 77 (C-S).Molinari
nikatorA_copy.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator22 viewsAE 20, 6.01g, Syria, Seleukos I Nikator, ca. 312-280 B.C. Obv: Winged head of Medusa facing right, serpents in hair. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ above and beneath humped bull butting, X beneath King’s name. Dark green patina, aF, some corrosion (BD 14/45). SGII 6852, B.M.C. 4.6, 62. Molinari
AAX_copy.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator26 viewsSeleukos I, Nikator, AE 15, Antioch on the Orontes, 14mm, c. 283 - 281 B.C.; obverse winged Gorgon (Medusa) head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEΥKOΥ, bull butting left, Greek X in ex. Houghton SC I, 24.2, WSM 926.Molinari
LarryW2371.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator, 312-281 BC; Ecbatana c. 295-281 BC40 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 27mm, 17.01g, VF
Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin knotted at neck / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; HAP monogram, anchor, and forepart of horse in left field, YM monogram under throne.
Ex: Kirk Davis; Houghton Collection
SC 204.5; ESM 500; Houghton 1129 (this coin)
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2301.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator, 312-281 BC; Seleukeia 296-281 BC122 viewsSilver drachm, 17mm, 4.08g, F
Head of Herakles right wearing lion's skin headdress / ΣEΛEYKOY Zeus seated left holding eagle and sceptre. Δ and anchor in left field, N below throne. Rare variant, this coin only known specimen.
Ex: Brian Kritt Collection.
SC 139b (this coin); ESM 42v
Lawrence Woolslayer
LarryW2334.jpg
Seleukos I, Nikator, 312-281 BC; Uncertain Babylonia 305-281 BC54 viewsSilver tetradrachm, 24mm, 16.74g, nice VF
Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin knotted at neck / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre. Π in left field, A below throne. The erased control marks from the previous issues [SC 69.4-6] are visible in the left field. The only example known with these controls.
SC 69.7; Houghton 938 (this coin)
Ex: Arthur Houghton Collection.
Lawrence Woolslayer
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Seleukos II17 viewsSeleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.90 g, 9h). Uncertain Mint 44, probably in Mesopotamia. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios, testing arrow, standing left, leaning on tripod to right; ΔI-in-circle to outer left. SC C742.5 (this coin illustrated); HGC 9, 303dd. Good VF, die rust on obverse, slight die shift on reverse. Rare.

From the MNL Collection. Ex Freeman & Sear inventory G4049 (March 2011); “Seleucus III” Hoard (CH X, 272).

Ex CNG 109, lot 241
arash p
AAM_copy.jpg
Seleukos II Kallinikos21 viewsSeleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Æ 17mm, Sardes mint. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Rev: Apollo standing left, testing arrow, resting hand on bow; monograms to outer left and right. SC 660.2b. Molinari
AAL_copy.jpg
Seleukos II Kallinikos21 viewsSeleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Æ 16mm. Sardes mint. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion’s skin / Apollo seated left on omphalos, testing arrow and resting hand on bow; monograms to outer left and right. SC 657.7.Molinari
IMG_0032.JPG
Seleukos II Kallinikos 8 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Æ Antioch on the Orontes mint. Helmeted head of Athena right / Nike advancing left, holding wreath; anchor to inner left, no control marks. SC 692.1; HGC 9, 322. ecoli
IMG_9996.JPG
Seleukos II Kallinikos6 views
SELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Æ Magnesia on the Maeander. Struck before the revolt of Antiochos Hierax. Diademed bust of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / Apollo standing left, holding arrow and resting hand on grounded bow; monograms in outer fields; all within meander border. SC 670 HGC 9, 347.
ecoli
IMG_0003.JPG
Seleukos II Kallinikos 7 viewsSELEUCID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. Æ. Mint associated with Antioch. Laureate head of Apollo right / Bull butting left; monogram above head. SC 706a; HGC 9, 328.
ecoli
Seleukos_II_Kallinikos.png
Seleukos II Kallinikos16 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos II Kallinikos. 246-225 BC. AR Tetradrachm (27mm, 16.39 g, 12h). Sardes mint. Struck circa 246-245/2 BC. Diademed head right, with curly sideburn / Apollo standing left, testing arrow and leaning on tall tripod; monograms to inner left and inner right. SC 654.4; HGC 9, 303g1 commentsAjax
Seleukos_II.jpg
Seleukos II Kallinikos 246 - 225 B.C.22 viewsSeleukos II Kallinikos 246 - 225 B.C. Ae 17.5~19.3mm. 7.24g.Antioch. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right, dotted border. Rev: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ. Nike advancing left, holding wreath; to left, upright anchor. SC 692.1.1 commentsddwau
seleukidA_copy.jpg
Seleukos II, Kallinikos44 viewsAE 21, Syria, Seleukos II, ca. 246-226 B.C. Obv: Athena facing right in helm. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ with Nike advancing holding wreath above inverted anchor, palm in other hand. Dark brown patina with light red earthen highlights, VF (NFS). Lindgren III, pl. 58, 1002.

1 commentsMolinari
Seleukid2_copy.jpg
Seleukos II, Kallinikos34 views Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II, Kallinikos, AE 18, Ekbatana. Obv: Diademed head of Seleukos II r.; Rev: BASILEWS SELEYKOY, elephant standing r., with mahout. SC 820, Hover HGC 9, 371 (R2).Molinari
AAY_copy.jpg
Seleukos II, Kallinikos24 viewsSeleukos II, Kallinikos, 246-225 BC, Head of young Herakles in Lion's skin Headdress right / ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ, Apollo seated left on Omphalos,
holding arrow and grounded bow. Sardeis mint, HGC 9, 344
Molinari
Seleukos II- AE18-Spaer 407.JPG
Seleukos II- Spaer 40725 viewsAE18, 246-226BC, Antioch mint.
Obverse: Head of Athena right in crested corinthian helmet.
Reverse: BASILEWS SELEYKOY, Nike standing left holding wreath and palm, Anchor left.
Spaer 407
18mm, 7.58gm
Jerome Holderman
Seleukos_III.JPG
Seleukos III17 viewsSeleucid Kingdom, Seleukos III, 226 - 223 BC
3.7g, 15mm
OBV: Diademed head of Artemis right; quiver on shoulder.
REV: Apollo seated on omphalos holding bow and arrow in each hand.
This omphalos is a lot taller and more narrow than the omphalos on the Calabrian bronze
Romanorvm
4330109.jpg
Seleukos III28 viewsSELEUKID EMPIRE. Seleukos III Soter (Keraunos). 225/4-222 BC. AR Tetradrachm (29mm, 16.79 g, 12h). Antioch on the Orontes mint. Diademed head right / Apollo Delphios seated left on omphalos, testing arrow, resting hand on bow; monograms to outer left and right. SC 921.1; Le Rider, Antioche 31-74 (obv. die A3); HGC 9, 414c. VF, toned, small edge chip, light deposits on reverse.

From the Collection of a Novelist. Ex Agora Auctions 63 (20 December 2016), lot 53.
ex CNG Auc 433 lot 109
2 commentsarash p
Seleukos_III.jpg
Seleukos III Keraunos AE16 / Omphalos27 viewsSeleukos III Keraunos AE16. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder / BASILEWS SELEYKOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow.ancientone
seleukidB_copy.jpg
Seleukos III, Keraunos32 viewsAE 15, Seleukos III, Keraunos, Syria, ca. 226-223 B.C. Obv: Laureated head of Apollo facing right. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ around Apollo seated on omphalos, holding bow and arrow. Dark green patina with red earthen overtones, gVF (BD 6/65). Lindgren III, 1779, Hoover HGC 9, 421 (C-S).Molinari
0361_0362.jpg
Seleukos III, Keraunus, AE13, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΟΥ8 viewsAE13
Seleukos III, Keraunus
226 - 222BC
13.0mm ~3.00gr
O: NO LEGEND; Laureate head of Apollo, right.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ (right side) ΣΕΛΕΥΟΥ (left side); Apollo seated on omphalos, holding bow and arrow, drapery over omphalos. Legends on either side, vertically.
Exergue: YX monogram.
Antioch Mint
BMC 6; SC 924; Houghton 63; Newell 1043; SNGI 522.
baribarry 261266247569
8/23/13 1/22/17
Nicholas Z
DSCN7614.JPG
Seleukos III. 226-223 BC. AE1619 viewsSeleukos III. 226-223 BC.

Obv. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder

Rev. BASILEWS SELEYKOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow & resting on bow, ce/L to left.

Ref. SNGIs 509
Lee S
DSCN7582.JPG
Seleukos IV Philopater. AE17. 187-175BC21 viewsSeleukos IV Philopater. AE17.

Obv. Head of Artemis right, quiver at shoulder
Rev. BASILIEWS SELEUKOU, Artemis huntress in short chiton standing left, holding spear in left hand, deer at foot left.

Ref. BMC 27; Sear 6971; SNG Cop 177.
Lee S
seleukidC_copy.jpg
Seleukos IV Philopator33 viewsAE 22, 7.00g, Sekeukos IV, 177/6 BC. Obv: Antiochos with middle-aged features facing right. Rev: BASILEWS SELEYKOY above and beneath stern of galley, VF. Hoover HGC 9, 587 (S-R1).Molinari
IMG_9349.JPG
Seleukos IV Philopator 11 viewsSELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Seleukos IV Philopator. 187-175 BC. Æ Antioch mint. Laureate head of Apollo right; monogram to left / Apollo standing left, holding arrow, leaning on tripod; monogram to inner left. SC 1315.6g; HGC 9, 584.ecoli
Seleucus_IV.jpg
Seleukos IV Philopator 187-175 B.C.9 viewsSeleukos IV Philopator, 187-175 B.C. Ae20.3~22.6mm. 7.52g. Serrated bronze. Obv: Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy, thyrsos at shoulder. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ above and beneath prow of galley left. Houghton 88; Houghton, Lorber, Hoover 7316.2g.ddwau
Seleucos_iv.jpg
Seleukos IV Philopator 187-175 BC19 viewsSELEUKID KINGDOM OF SYRIA, Seleukos IV Philopator, 187-175 BC, AE18.6 - 20, weight 7.83g. Serrated bronze. Obverse: Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy, thyrsos at shoulder. Anchor countermark left. Reverse: Two lines of inscription, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ above and beneath prow of galley left. Hoover SC 593; SC 1324; SEAR 6970.

When Seleukos IV acceded to the throne, Asia minor was lost to the kings of Pergamon, the Eastern provinces of Parthia and Bactria firmly established as independent kingdoms, and in addition he had to pay a heavy annual war indemnity to the Romans. He seems to have wisely ruled what was left of the Seleukid kingdom until he was murdered by his minister
Heliodoros.
ddwau
seleukos_full.jpg
Seleukos IV, 187-175 BC3 viewsÆ serrate denomination C, 15mm, 3.2g, 12h; Antioch on Orontes.
Obv.: Veiled head of Laodice IV (?) right.
Rev.: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY; Head of elephant left, AT monogram to right.
Reference: SNG Spaer 914, 16-355-75
John Anthony
5925_5926.jpg
Seleukos IV, AE22, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ11 viewsAE22 Serrate
Seleukos IV
King: 187 - 175BC
22.0mm 9.50gr 0h
O: NO LEGEND; Laureate head of Apollo, right.
R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ; Apollo standing left, holding arrow, leaning on tripod.
Antioch Mint
Exergue: Obverse: A over B monogram, behind bust; Reverse: Δ, to left of Apollo, possibly B underneath.
SC 1315.6X or SC 1315.7X; HGC 9, 584.
John Zielinski Auction #117, Lot #13.
1/4/18 1/16/18
Nicholas Z
SeleukosIV.JPG
Seleukos IV, Philopater69 viewsSeleucid Kingdom. Seleukos IV Philopater. 187 -175 BC. AE Serrated (11.18 gm, 23mm). Obv.: Head of Artemis right; behind which bow and quiver. Rev.: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Naked Apollo standing left holding arrow in extended right hand and resting left elbow on tripod. SNG Spaer 850, Hoover HGC 9, 584 (C), SC 1315 and 1320.

Ex. Tom Vossen
Molinari
seleucos.jpg
Seleukos tetradrachm23 viewsChance Vandal
seleukidJ_copy.jpg
Seleukos VI, Epiphanes81 viewsAE 20, 7.58g, Seleukos VI, Epiphanes, 96-94 BC, Antioch on the Orontes. Obv: Diademed head of Seleukos facing right, dotted border. Rev: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΝΙΚΡΟΡΟΣ (?)around Apollo holding arrow and resting elbow on column, VF. Hoover HGC 9, 1284 (R2).Molinari
Seleukid_Kings_Seleukos_II.jpg
SYRIA, Seleukid Kings. Seleukos II . 246-226 BC.29 viewsSYRIA, Seleukid Kings. Seleukos II . 246-226 BC. Æ . Uncertain mint in Northern Syria. Diademed and bearded bust of Seleukos right / BASILEWS above, [SEL]EUKO[U] below, Pegasos flying left. SNG Spaer 437; Newell, WSM, 1167; Houghton, CSE, 433; SNG Copenhagen 117; Laffaille -.

From The Sam Mansourati Collection.
Sam
Seleukos_I_01.jpg
Syria, Seleukis and Pieria, Seleukos I, Zeus, Thunderbolt19 viewsSeleukos I.
Syria, Seleukis and Pieria
312 - 281 BC
Obv.: laureate head of Zeus right
Rev.: ΣEΛEΥKEΩN, winged thunderbolt, monogram below
AE, 7.79g, 22.60mm
Ref.: BMC 5, Newell WSM 898, SNG Spaer 39
shanxi
alexandreia_troas_BellingerA118cf.jpg
Troas, Alexandreia, Bellinger 118 cf.12 viewsAlexandreia, 241-228 BC
AE 16, 3.14g, 16.42mm, 180°
struck probably under Seleukos II (265-226 BC)
obv. Laureate head of Apollo l.
rev. ALEZA
Horse grazing l.
in ex. thunderbolt
ref. cf. Bellinger A118; SNG Copenhagen 81
About VF, sand patina

The coin alludes to the 1st founder myth of Alexandreia. The thunderbolt could be a hint that Zeus has played a role.
1 commentsJochen
Zeus_Nikephoros.jpg
Zeus Nikephoros754 viewsThe image of Zeus with Nike (Zeus Nikephoros) was introduced by Seleukos I Nikator at Seleukeia on Tigris mint around 300 BC.

The initial iemissions from this mint in the name of Seleukos maintained the Zeus Aetophoros (eagle) reverse image typical of the earlier "Alexanders". However, shortly after the mint was established, the Zeus Nikephoros (Nike) image was introduced, eventually replacing the Zeus Aetophoros image on Babylonian coinage. The Nikephoros reverse was a direct allusion to Seleukos victory over Antigonos at Ipsos in 301 BC. This victory was the penultimate victory required to cement the Seleukid dynasty in a near unassailable position during the forty year struggle that ultimately saw Seleukos emerge as the most successful of the Diadochi.
Lloyd T
Antiochos1ARTetPhiletairos.jpg
[2400c] Pergamene Kingdom: Attalid Dynasty: Philetairos: 282-- 263 B.C. 53 viewsPergamene Kingdom, Attalid Dynasty; AR Tetradrachm (17.10 gm, 29 mm), VF, Struck in Pergamon under Philetairos, in the name of Seleukos I, circa 279-274 BC. Obverse: head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress; Reverse: Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; helmeted head of Athena in left field; crescent under throne. SC 308a. Nicely toned and scarce. Ex Eukratides. Photo by Eukratides.

Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I (such as this specimen), then Seleukos portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly a type with his own portrait.

The Attalid dynasty was a Hellenistic dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. The Attalid kingdom was the rump state left after the collapse of the Lysimachian Empire. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC to avoid a likely succession crisis.

On the interior of the Pergamon Altar is a frieze depicting the life of Telephos, son of Herakles, whom the ruling Attalid dynasty associated with their city and utilized to claim descendance from the Olympians. Pergamon, having entered the Greek world much later than their counterparts to the west, could not boast the same divine heritage as older city-states, and had to retroactively cultivate their place in Greek mythos.

The Attalid Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)
Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)
Attalus I Soter (241 BC–197 BC)
Eumenes II (197 BC–158 BC)
Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)
Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)
Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–129 BC)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attalid_dynasty


The Relationship between the Attalids and the Seleucids

September 281 A.D.: death of Seleucus I; accession of Antiochus I; Philetaerus of Pergamon buys back the corpse of Seleucus I (the father of Antiochos I and a member of the Diodochi: the period of the Diadochi is said to end with the victory of Seleucus I over Lysimachus at the battle of Corupedion in 281, fixing the boundaries of the Hellenistic world for the next century).

Antiochus I Soter (Greek Ἀντίoχoς Σωτήρ, i.e. "Saviour"; 324/​323-​262/​261 B.C.), was an emperor of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. He reigned from 281 - 261 B.C. He was half Persian, his mother Apama being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 B.C. In in 294 B.C., prior to death of his father Seleucus I, Antiochus married his step-mother, Stratonice, daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. His elderly father reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in danger of dying of lovesickness.

On the assassination of his father in 281 B.C., the task of holding together the empire was a formidable one, and a revolt in Syria broke out almost immediately. Antiochus was soon compelled to make peace with his father's murderer, Ptolemy Keraunos, abandoning apparently Macedonia and Thrace. In Asia Minor he was unable to reduce Bithynia or the Persian dynasties that ruled in Cappadocia.

In 278 BC the Gauls broke into Asia Minor, and a victory that Antiochus won over these hordes is said to have been the origin of his title of Soter (Gr. for "saviour").

At the end of 275 B.C. the question of Coele-Syria, which had been open between the houses of Seleucus and Ptolemy since the partition of 301 B.C., led to hostilities (the First Syrian War). It had been continuously in Ptolemaic occupation, but the house of Seleucus maintained its claim.

About 262 B.C. Antiochus tried to break the growing power of Pergamum by force of arms, but suffered defeat near Sardis and died soon afterwards. His eldest son Seleucus, who had ruled in the east as viceroy from 275 BC(?) till 268/267 BC, was put to death in that year by his father on the charge of rebellion. He was succeeded (261 BC) by his second son Antiochus II Theos

263 A.D.: Eumenes I of Pergamon, successor of Philetaerus, declares himself independent.

262 A.D.: Antiochus defeated by Eumenes.
http://www.livius.org/am-ao/antiochus/antiochus_i_soter.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.

Cleisthenes
PhiletairosMyFirstCoinPortrait250408.jpg
[2400d] Pergamene Kingdom, Mysia, Western Asia Minor, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.47 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG Paris 1603 var, SNG Von Aulock -, SNG Cop -, VF, Pergamon mint, 16.629g, 28.1mm, 0o, c. 265 - 263 B.C. Obverse: head of Philetaerus right in taenia; Reverse: FILETAIROU downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare. Ex FORVM. Photo by jpfjr.

This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, the founder of the Pergamene Kingdom, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos and Herakles (see coin 309p) portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections (Joseph Sermarini).

Attalid Dynasty(270-133 BC) - capital at Pergamum

Founded by Philetairos, the Greek secretary of Alexander the Great's general Lysimachus.

In his monograph "The Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus" (The American Numismatic Society, No.76, 1936), Edward T. Newell notes, "The event which precipitated the end of Lysimachus' empire and resulted in the rise to power of the Attalid Dynasty, was the execution in 286-5 B.C. of his son, the heir apparent Agathocles. For Philetareus the situation had now become impossible. He belonged to the faction which had gathered about that able and much beloved young man--in opposition to the party headed by Lysimachus' wife, the ambitious Arsinoe, scheming for the preferment of her own children. So after having functioned for many years as the governor of Pergamum and the trusted guardian of the great treasure there deposited, Philetaerus was now forced to take steps for his own safety. Sometime between 284 and 282 B.C. many of the Asiatic cities and certain officers of Lysimachus openly rebelled and called upon Seleucus for aid. Philetaerus also wrote to the Syrian king, placing himself, and the treasure under his care, at the latter's disposal. Seleucus led his army, together with a large contingent of elephants, into the Asiatic provinces of Lysimachus. On the plain of Corupedium in Lydia there occurred the final and decisive battle in which, as is well known, Lysimachus lost both life and empire" (3-5).

When [Lysimachus] fell fighting Seleucus, Philetairos (a eunuch) withdrew with his commander's military war chest to a mountain fortress that ultimately became his palace acropolis of Pergamum. He gained royal recognition through his successful efforts at repulsing the Gallic invasion of western Anatolia in 270-269 BC. Philetairos drove the Gauls into the Phrygian highlands where they settled in the region thereafter known as Galatia. He became recognized by the Greek cities of the coastal region as a liberator and savior and established his hegemony over them. Since he had no children, his domain passed to the four sons of his brother, Attalus I. Normally, so many rival dynasts would have spelled disaster (as it eventually did in Syria and Egypt), but the Attalids became celebrated for their cooperation at state building. They handed the royal authority from one to another in succession and managed to elevate their realm into the top echelon of Mediterranean states.

Particularly skillful diplomacy with Rome enabled the Attalids to enjoy further success during the early second century BC. At their peak under Eumenes II, c. 190-168 BC, they controlled the entire western seaboard of Anatolia and much of Phrygian highland as well. In direct competition with the Ptolemies and the Seleucids, the Attalids succeeded at establishing Pergamum as a leading cultural center, its library second only to that of Alexandria, its sculpture, woven tapestries, and ceramics prized throughout the Mediterranean. An expressive, highly baroque style of sculpture known as the Asian school, set important trends in the Greek world and profoundly influenced artistic development at Rome. The Attalids likewise competed for control of the eastern luxury trade, relying on the overland route of the now ancient Persian Royal Road across Anatolia.

When a dynastic dispute threatened to undermine the stability of Pergamum at the end of the second century BC, King Attalus III (138-133) left his royal domain to the people of the Roman Republic in his will. His nobles were concerned about security after his passing, and to prevent a dynastic dispute (which ultimately did arise) he wrote this into his will as a form of "poison pill." At his demise in 133 BC, ambassadors brought the report of his bequest to Rome, where it was accepted and secured by military intervention. By 126 BC the royal territories of Pergamum became the Roman province of Asia, the richest of all Roman provinces.

Abusive exploitation by Roman tax collectors (publicans) induced a province-wide revolt in Asia in 88 BC (encouraged by Mithridates VI Eupator), culminating in the massacre reportedly of some 80,000 Romans, Italians, their families, and servants throughout the province. L. Cornelius Sulla restored order in 84 BC just prior to his assumption of the dictatorship at Rome. Indemnities imposed by Sulla remained burdensome throughout the following decade, but the resilience and economic vitality of the province ultimately enabled impressive recovery.

In 63 BC the Roman orator and senator, M. Tullius Cicero, stated that approximately 40% of tribute raised by the Republican empire came from Asia alone. The merger of Greco-Roman culture was probably most successfully achieved here. In the imperial era, cities such as Pergamum, Ephesus, Sardis, and Miletus ranked among the leading cultural centers of the Roman world.

http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:n9hG5pYVUV0J:web.ics.purdue.edu/~rauhn/hellenistic_world.htm+Philetairos&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=29

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
1stPhiletairosTet.jpg
[2400d] Pergamene Kingdom, Mysia, Western Asia Minor, Philetairos I, 282 - 263 B.C.53 viewsSilver tetradrachm, Meydancikkale 3000, SNG Paris 1603 var, SNG Von Aulock -, SNG Cop -, VF, Pergamon mint, 16.629g, 28.1mm, 0o, c. 265 - 263 B.C. Obverse: head of Philetaerus right in taenia; Reverse: FILETAIROU downward on right, Athena enthroned left, right hand on shield before her, spear over shoulder in left, leaf above arm, bow right; high relief portrait; very rare. Ex FORVM.

This coin bears the first portrait of Philetairos, the founder of the Pergamene Kingdom, 282 -263 B.C. Hoard evidence and recent studies indicate it was struck at the end of his reign. Philetairos first struck in the name of Lysimachos, then posthumous Alexander types under Seleukos I, then Seleukos and Herakles (see coin 309p) portrait types under Antiochos I, and lastly this type with his own portrait. This same reverse was used for the Seleukos I portrait types. Philetairos' coinage is known for its magnificent realistic portraits and this coin is an excellent example. Very rare and absent from most major collections.

Attalid Dynasty(270-133 BC) - capital at Pergamum

Founded by Philetairos, the Greek secretary of Alexander the Great's general Lysimachus.

In his monograph "The Pergamene Mint Under Philetaerus" (The American Numismatic Society, No.76, 1936), Edward T. Newell notes, "The event which precipitated the end of Lysimachus' empire and resulted in the rise to power of the Attalid Dynasty, was the execution in 286-5 B.C. of his son, the heir apparent Agathocles. For Philetareus the situation had now become impossible. He belonged to the faction which had gathered about that able and much beloved young man--in opposition to the party headed by Lysimachus' wife, the ambitious Arsinoe, scheming for the preferment of her own children. So after having functioned for many years as the governor of Pergamum and the trusted guardian of the great treasure there deposited, Philetaerus was now forced to take steps for his own safety. Sometime between 284 and 282 B.C. many of the Asiatic cities and certain officers of Lysimachus openly rebelled and called upon Seleucus for aid. Philetaerus also wrote to the Syrian king, placing himself, and the treasure under his care, at the latter's disposal. Seleucus led his army, together with a large contingent of elephants, into the Asiatic provinces of Lysimachus. On the plain of Corupedium in Lydia there occurred the final and decisive battle in which, as is well known, Lysimachus lost both life and empire" (3-5).

When [Lysimachus] fell fighting Seleucus, Philetairos (a eunuch) withdrew with his commander's military war chest to a mountain fortress that ultimately became his palace acropolis of Pergamum. He gained royal recognition through his successful efforts at repulsing the Gallic invasion of western Anatolia in 270-269 BC. Philetairos drove the Gauls into the Phrygian highlands where they settled in the region thereafter known as Galatia. He became recognized by the Greek cities of the coastal region as a liberator and savior and established his hegemony over them. Since he had no children, his domain passed to the four sons of his brother, Attalus I. Normally, so many rival dynasts would have spelled disaster (as it eventually did in Syria and Egypt), but the Attalids became celebrated for their cooperation at state building. They handed the royal authority from one to another in succession and managed to elevate their realm into the top echelon of Mediterranean states.

Particularly skillful diplomacy with Rome enabled the Attalids to enjoy further success during the early second century BC. At their peak under Eumenes II, c. 190-168 BC, they controlled the entire western seaboard of Anatolia and much of Phrygian highland as well. In direct competition with the Ptolemies and the Seleucids, the Attalids succeeded at establishing Pergamum as a leading cultural center, its library second only to that of Alexandria, its sculpture, woven tapestries, and ceramics prized throughout the Mediterranean. An expressive, highly baroque style of sculpture known as the Asian school, set important trends in the Greek world and profoundly influenced artistic development at Rome. The Attalids likewise competed for control of the eastern luxury trade, relying on the overland route of the now ancient Persian Royal Road across Anatolia.

When a dynastic dispute threatened to undermine the stability of Pergamum at the end of the second century BC, King Attalus III (138-133) left his royal domain to the people of the Roman Republic in his will. His nobles were concerned about security after his passing, and to prevent a dynastic dispute (which ultimately did arise) he wrote this into his will as a form of "poison pill." At his demise in 133 BC, ambassadors brought the report of his bequest to Rome, where it was accepted and secured by military intervention. By 126 BC the royal territories of Pergamum became the Roman province of Asia, the richest of all Roman provinces.

Abusive exploitation by Roman tax collectors (publicans) induced a province-wide revolt in Asia in 88 BC (encouraged by Mithridates VI Eupator), culminating in the massacre reportedly of some 80,000 Romans, Italians, their families, and servants throughout the province. L. Cornelius Sulla restored order in 84 BC just prior to his assumption of the dictatorship at Rome. Indemnities imposed by Sulla remained burdensome throughout the following decade, but the resilience and economic vitality of the province ultimately enabled impressive recovery.

In 63 BC the Roman orator and senator, M. Tullius Cicero, stated that approximately 40% of tribute raised by the Republican empire came from Asia alone. The merger of Greco-Roman culture was probably most successfully achieved here. In the imperial era, cities such as Pergamum, Ephesus, Sardis, and Miletus ranked among the leading cultural centers of the Roman world.

http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:n9hG5pYVUV0J:web.ics.purdue.edu/~rauhn/hellenistic_world.htm+Philetairos&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=29

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
42576q00.jpg
[303a] Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 312 - 280 B.C.125 viewsSilver drachm, Houghton and Lorber 131(8), Newell ESM 91a-b (same obv die), gVF, Seleukeia mint, weight 4.239g, maximum diameter 17.1mm, die axis 270o, obverse laureate head of Zeus; reverse Athena driving quadriga of horned elephants right, anchor above, BASILEWS on left, SELEUKOU in ex; ex CNG auction 82, lot 713. Ex FORVM.

Seleukos (often spelled Seleucus) I Nikator, Founder of a Hellenistic Dynasty in the Orient
Born into a well-placed family in Macedon, trained as a royal page to King Philip II, trusted companion and chief of the élite bodyguard of Alexander the Great, he spent half his life in the shadow of more ambitious soldiers. Yet he eventually rose above all of them, and the kingdom he founded rivalled Ptolemaic Egypt in brilliance and almost in longevity, for Cleopatra VII ended her life, surrendering Egypt to Octavian, only a generation after Rome reduced what remained of the Seleukid Empire to the Province of Syria.
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/908680

Seleucus I (surnamed for later generations Nicator, Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, i.e. Seleucus Victor) (ca. 358 BCE–281 BCE), was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great. In the wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander's death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire.

Seleucus was the son of Antiochus from Orestis, one of Philip's generals, and of Laodice. In 333 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, he accompanied Alexander into Asia and won distinction in the Indian campaign of 326 BC. In 324 BCE Seleucus took as wife Apama, with whom he had four children: two daughters, Apama and Laodice, and two sons, Antiochus & Achaeus.

When the Macedonian empire was divided in 323 BC (the "Partition of Babylon"), Seleucus was given the office of chiliarch, which attached him closely to the regent Perdiccas. Subsequently, Seleucus had a hand in the murder of Perdiccas during the latter's unsuccessful invasion of Egypt in 321 BC.

At the second partition, at Triparadisus (321 BC), Seleucus was given the government of the Babylonian satrapy. In 316 BC, when Antigonus had made himself master of the eastern provinces, Seleucus felt himself threatened and fled to Egypt. In the war which followed between Antigonus and the other Macedonian chiefs, Seleucus actively cooperated with Ptolemy and commanded Egyptian squadrons in the Aegean Sea.

The victory won by Ptolemy at the battle of Gaza in 312 BC opened the way for Seleucus to return to the east. His return to Babylon was afterwards officially regarded as the beginning of the Seleucid Empire and that year as the first of the Seleucid era. Master of Babylonia, Seleucus at once proceeded to wrest the neighbouring provinces of Persia, Susiana and Media from the nominees of Antigonus. A raid into Babylonia conducted in 311 BC by Demetrius, son of Antigonus, did not seriously check Seleucus' progress. Over the course of nine years (311-302 BC), while Antigonus was occupied in the west, Seleucus brought the whole eastern part of Alexander's empire as far as the Jaxartes and Indus Rivers under his authority.

In 305 BC, after the extinction of the old royal line of Macedonia, Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of basileus (king). He established Seleucia on the Tigris as his capital.

In the year 281 B.C., at the age of 77, Seleukos was assassinated by Ptolemy Ceraunus (the eldest son of Ptolemy I Soter). All of the "principal" Diadochi; Antigonas Monophthalmos, Antipater, Kassander, Ptolemy, Lysimichus and Seleukos; had now joined their great king, Alexander, in death.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucus_I_Nicator

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
5 commentsCleisthenes
SeleukosISNGSpaer23.jpg
[303b] Seleucid Kingdom, Seleukos I, 312 - 281 B.C.83 viewsBronze AE 19, WSM 925, SNG Spaer 23, VF, Antioch mint, 7.994g, 19.2mm, 225o; Obverse: winged Gorgon head right; Reverse: BASILEWS SELEUKOU, bull butting right, X in exergue.


Seleukos I Nikator, Founder of a Hellenistic Dynasty in the Orient
Born into a well-placed family in Macedon, trained as a royal page to King Philip II, trusted companion and chief of the élite bodyguard of Alexander the Great, he spent half his life in the shadow of more ambitious soldiers. Yet he eventually rose above all of them, and the kingdom he founded rivalled Ptolemaic Egypt in brilliance and almost in longevity, for Cleopatra VII ended her life, surrendering Egypt to Octavian, only a generation after Rome reduced what remained of the Seleukid Empire to the Province of Syria.
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/908680

Seleucus I (surnamed for later generations Nicator, Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, i.e. Seleucus Victor) (ca. 358 BCE–281 BCE), was a Macedonian officer of Alexander the Great. In the wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander's death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire.

Seleucus was the son of Antiochus from Orestis, one of Philip's generals, and of Laodice. In 333 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, he accompanied Alexander into Asia and won distinction in the Indian campaign of 326 BC. In 324 BCE Seleucus took as wife Apama, with whom he had four children: two daughters, Apama and Laodice, and two sons, Antiochus & Achaeus.

When the Macedonian empire was divided in 323 BC (the "Partition of Babylon"), Seleucus was given the office of chiliarch, which attached him closely to the regent Perdiccas. Subsequently, Seleucus had a hand in the murder of Perdiccas during the latter's unsuccessful invasion of Egypt in 321 BC.

At the second partition, at Triparadisus (321 BC), Seleucus was given the government of the Babylonian satrapy. In 316 BC, when Antigonus had made himself master of the eastern provinces, Seleucus felt himself threatened and fled to Egypt. In the war which followed between Antigonus and the other Macedonian chiefs, Seleucus actively cooperated with Ptolemy and commanded Egyptian squadrons in the Aegean Sea.

The victory won by Ptolemy at the battle of Gaza in 312 BC opened the way for Seleucus to return to the east. His return to Babylon was afterwards officially regarded as the beginning of the Seleucid Empire and that year as the first of the Seleucid era. Master of Babylonia, Seleucus at once proceeded to wrest the neighbouring provinces of Persia, Susiana and Media from the nominees of Antigonus. A raid into Babylonia conducted in 311 BC by Demetrius, son of Antigonus, did not seriously check Seleucus' progress. Over the course of nine years (311-302 BC), while Antigonus was occupied in the west, Seleucus brought the whole eastern part of Alexander's empire as far as the Jaxartes and Indus Rivers under his authority.

In 305 BC, after the extinction of the old royal line of Macedonia, Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of basileus (king). He established Seleucia on the Tigris as his capital.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucus_I_Nicator

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
     
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