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Search results - "Roman"
DenLTiturioSabRatto.jpg
28 viewsDenarius - 89 BC - Mint of Rome
L. TITVRIVS SABINVS - Gens Tituria
Obv.: Head of Titus Tatius right; SABIN behind, palm before
Rev.: Two Roman soldiers, each carrying a woman; L. TITVRI in exergue.
Gs. 4 mm. 17x18,9
Cr344/1b, Sear RCV 249, Grueber 2325.



Maxentius
TRAIAN-7.jpg
39 viewsTRAJAN - Dupondius. 115 AD.
Obv.:IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate, draped bust right
Rev.:SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S C, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopiae.
Gs. 11,6 mm. 26,1
Cohen 353, RIC 674
Maxentius
Litra.jpg
36 viewsAnonymous AE Litra. 241-235 BC. (Grueber, half-litra: 312/290 BC)
Romano-Campanian
Obv.:Helmeted, beardless head of Mars right
Rev.:Head of horse right with bridle. A sickle behind, ROMA below.
Gs. 3,4 mm. 15,2
Crawford 25/3, Sear RCV 594, BMRRC II 64



Maxentius
DenPPorcioLaeca.jpg
22 viewsDenarius -110-109 BC. - Rome mint
P. PORCIVS LAECA - Gens Porcia
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right; P LĆCA behind; ROMA above; X under the chin
Rev.: Roman soldier standing left, placing his hand on head of a citizen, lictor standing behind; PROVOCO in ex.
Gs. 3,8 mm. 18,68x16,90
Crawf. 301/1, Sear RCV 178
It refers to Lex Porcia de provocatione, by which a citizen could appeal against military sentences


Maxentius
GALERIUS-2.jpg
34 viewsGALERIVS - Silvered AE Follis - 297-298 AD. - Heraclea mint
Obv.: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right
Rev.: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia, HTΓ in ex.
Gs. 10,5 mm. 27,5
Cohen 78, RIC 20b
Maxentius
Unattributed.jpg
44 viewsUnattributed Roman Vota...Possibly ConstansDumanyu2
2.jpg
22 viewsGordian II Tranquillina
AUT K MANT GORDIANOS AUG SAB
TRANKUL LINA
OULPIANON AEXIALEON

Upper coin is Anchialos of Gordian III and Tranquillina. I'll go look it up, if someone else hasn't done so already. P.L.
It is AMNG II, 1, p. 289, no. 676. Obv. Gordian facing Tranquillina, AVT K M ANT GORDIANOS AVG SAB and below TRANKVL / LINA. In her name the NK are ligate. Rev. Tyche to l. with kalathos, rudder, and cornucopiae. OVLPIANÔN | AGXIALEÔN (I used Roman letters for Greek). There Strack cites 17 specimens
+Alexios
coin409.jpg
83 viewsSear Byzantine Coins and their Values # sb1760
Romanus I. 920-944 AD. Ć Follis. Constantinople
mint. Crowned facing bust, holding sceptre and
globus cruciger / +RWMA /N EN QEW bA SILE
VS RW/MAIWN. Coin #409
cars100
coin628.jpg
25 viewsHead of Herakles. ΚΟΡΚΥΡΑΙΩΝ Prow and name of Prytanis
Corcyra (modern Corfu) under the Romans, c.229-48 BC,
I think the magistrates name is ΦΑΛΑΚΡ[ΟΣ] on mine
Coin #628
cars100
coin152.jpg
21 viewsValens AE3 DVM 46
Bust diad & cuir r. DN VALENS PF AVG / Rev
GLORIA ROMANORVM emp. Walking l, holding
Labarum & dragging captive. Coin #152

cars100
antoninus-pius_AE-dupondius_abundance_11_80grams_01.jpg
51 viewsAntoninus Pius - AE Dupondius

Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius. 138 - 161 AD. AE-Dupondius. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Radiate head of Antoninus Pius right
rev: TR POT XIX COS IIII - Annona seated right, holding cornucopia; at feet, modius.
'S C' below, in exergue.

25.83mm, 11.80g.
2 commentsrexesq
Byzantine_follis.JPG
224 views
An Anonymous Follis Class A 2 coin, type 21
Obverse: Christ facing, holding book of gospels IC to left XC to rightEmmanovha IC XC (God with us)
Reverse: +IhSYS XRISTYS bASILEY bASILE (Jesus Christ, King of Kings)
Sear attributes it to the joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII 1020-1028 AD
Grierson in DOC says Romanus III and into Michael IV's
1 commentsJon the Lecturer
112~0.JPG
98 viewsHistory of Thessalian League
The Thessalian League/confederacy was made up of several cities in the Thessalian valley in Northern Greece. This area was completely surrounded by mountains and isolated except for a few passes. It was one of the few areas of Greece self-sufficient in grain and produced livestock and horses. Thessaly had the best calvary in Greece. The league was frequently weakened by intercity rivalries and lost its strength in the 5th century BC. The league was re-established in 374 BC by the tyrant Jason. He was assassinated in 370 BC, when it became evident that he had plans of conquest against the rest of Greece. After the death of Jason, there was infighting in the league and some of the cities requested help from Philip II of Macedon to settle the rivalries, which he accomplished in 353 BC. A few years later (344 BC), Philip II simply took control of the entire area. Thessaly remained under Macedonian control until Macedonia was defeated by the Romans in 197 BC. A new league was established in 196 BC. The league continued until 146 BC, then became part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
Antonivs Protti
Philip_I_Pax1.jpg
45 viewsROMAN EMPIRE: Philip I (AD 244-249). AR antoninianus (4.70 gm). Rome, AD 244-247. IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG, laureate, draped bust of Philip I right / PAX AETERN, Pax walking left, holding branch raised in right hand, transverse scepter cradled in left arm. RIC 41. RSC 102.
Ex. Freeman and Sear; Ex A. Lynn Collection; Ex CNG store (Stock # 251092)
1 commentspaul1888
philip_I_on_horseback_sept.jpg
82 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
3 commentspaul1888
ROMAN_AE_16,_AS_FOUND_16mm_2_06gr_USS_2_39.jpg
12 viewsAntonivs Protti
ROMAN_AE_3_AS_FOUND_17mm_3_31gr_USS1_59.jpg
6 viewsAntonivs Protti
antoninus-pius_AE-dupondius_abundance_11_80grams_01_CUT.JPG
32 viewsAntoninus Pius - AE Dupondius

Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius. 138 - 161 AD. AE-Dupondius. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Radiate head of Antoninus Pius right
rev: TR POT XIX COS IIII - Annona seated right, holding cornucopia; at feet, modius.
'S C' below, in exergue.

25.83mm, 11.80g.
rexesq
Balck_and_blue_neckless.jpg
36 viewsROMAN BLUE & BLACK GLASS BEADS
Specifications: •Date: C, 5th-8th century AD, late Roman early Byzantine
•Size: 4 mm to 13 mm
•Condition: Nice selection of blue and black beads

Antonivs Protti
Romanus_III,_Class_B_Follis,_Constantinople,_1028-1034_AD~0.JPG
44 viewsRomanus III, Class B Follis, Constantinople, 1028-1034 AD

IC to left, XC to right
Christ, bust facing, square in each limb of nimbus cross,
holding book of gospels
IS-XS / BAS-ILE / BAS-ILE
cross with dots at the ends, on three steps
SB 1823
11.8g / 27mm
Antonivs Protti
Pella_bull.jpg
16 viewsMacedonia under Roman rule. Gaius Publius Quaestor. 148-146BC. AE19mm. Obv. Athena in crested helmet. Rev. Grazing cow right. GAIOY TAMIOU. SNG ´Cop. 1323Lee S
Honorius,_GLORIA_ROMANORVM,_three_emperors,_Cyzicus,_406-408_AD~0.JPG
14 viewsAntonivs Protti
caracalla_securitas_new.jpg
38 viewsRoman Empire, Caracalla 198-217, Denarius; 3.32g
"IMP CAES M AVR ANTON AVG" Laureate, draped bust of Caracalla right.
"SECVRIT ORBIS" Securitas seated on a throne with cornucopiae and scepter.
RSC III 571b
1 commentspaul1888
Lot_of_14_coins_Iberian_Grec-roman_of_SpainLot_of_14_coins_Iberian_Grec-roman_of_Spain.jpg
23 viewsAntonivs Protti
LOT_OF_43_ROMAN_-_GREEK_BRONZE_COINS_-_high_modulust.jpg
31 viewsAntonivs Protti
roman_tray3a.jpg
34 viewsPreparing to trim down my collection to one portait of each Roman family member that I can find this is the third tray to the end of the third century.mauseus
roman_tray2a.jpg
62 viewsPreparing to trim down my collection to one portait of each Roman family member that I can find this is the second tray, the first part of the third century. Compiled this tray then noticed that I'd forgotten to put in Trajan Decius (doh!).1 commentsmauseus
Philip_I_on_horseback_a.jpg
48 viewsPHILIP. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. 4.47 grams
Rome, struck 244-247 AD.
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG; / Bust of Philip right
Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG; Phillip riding the horse, holding spear.

Note: The reverse of this coin makes refernce to the return of Philip I and his son to Rome after the death of Gordian III.
Ref: Historical References to Coins of the Roman Empire by E. A. Syndenham
1 commentspaul1888
unknown-provincial.jpg
25 viewsRoman Provincial Trajan, AE23, of Tabae, Caria, 5.1g, 24mm

Obverse: AVK A TPAIANOC APIΓCΔA, Laureate head right.

Reverse: TABHNΩN, Demeter, polos on head, standing left, holding grain ears, bunch of grapes and sceptre.

Reference: SNG Cop 559, Hunter 4.
Gil-galad
v5a~0.jpg
22 viewsValentinian I AE3
Obverse: DN VALENTINIAN VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress advancing right, head left, holding labarum and dragging captive behind.
Right field- star over A
D Gamma SISC in ex. 18.8 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
Unknown_Roman_Imperial.jpg
11 viewsShea B
Roman.jpg
26 views1 commentsddwau
Roman_Lamp.jpg
32 viewsRoman Lug-Handled Lamp
ca. 5th to 6th Century BC. Provenance: Purchased by Dr. Arthur F. Bissell in Rome in 1872 gifted to Toledo Museum of Art in 1912 Accession no. 1912.1258. H. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm); Diam. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm).
paul1888
Pseudo_Rhodian_Drachm.jpg
35 viewsMacedonian Kingdom. Perseus. 179-168 B.C. AR drachm (15 mm, 2.60 g, 12 h). ca. 171/0 B.C. Aristokrates, magistrate. Head of Helios facing slightly right / P-O, rose with bud to left; in left field, club; above, magistrate's name: [ΑΡΙ]ΣΤΟΚΡΑΤΗΣ. R. J. H. Ashton, ""Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands,"" NC 162 (2002), 17 (A6/P5; this coin). Toned. Very fine.
Ex Naville V (18 June 1923), 2669. British Museum Duplicate, Ex: British Museum


The Pseudo-Rhodian drachms were struck, probably by the Macedonians under Perseus but possibly by the Romans, to pay for Mercenaries from Crete and Rhodes who would have been familiar with Rhodian coinage. The coins in the name of the magistrate Aristokrates with the club symbol in the field is the largest known individual issue of pseudo-Rhodian drachms from the Third Macedonian War, and used at least twenty-nine obverse dies.
paul1888
Roman~0.jpg
9 viewsddwau
110561LG.jpg
6 viewsPostumus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 260-269. BI antoninianus (21 mm, 2.30 g, 1 h). Treveri, A.D. 261. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right / P M TR P CO-S II P P, emperor standing facing, head left, holding globe and spear. RIC 54; Mairat 27-31; AGK 60; RSC 243aQuant.Geek
110353LG.jpg
10 viewsPostumus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 260-269. BI antoninianus (20 mm, 3.04 g, 7 h). Treveri, A.D. 266. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right / FIDES [E]XERCITVS, four military standards. RIC 303; Mairat 120; AGK 20; RSC 65. Quant.Geek
110347LG.jpg
11 viewsVictorinus. Romano-Gallic Emperor, A.D. 269-271. Ć antoninianus (20 mm, 3.09 g, 7 h). Treveri, A.D. 269. IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Victorinus right / PA-X AVG, Pax standing facing, head left, holding branch and scepter; V-*. RIC 117; Mairat 244; AGK 12c. Brown patina. Nice full flan with complete legendsQuant.Geek
6F5CEE77-ACA9-41AF-ACC7-FEF70FA1D78A.jpeg
27 viewsDIOCLETIAN.. Ae follis. Lyons.. 285-ca.310 A.D.

IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG: Laureate bust left

GENIO POPVLI ROMANI: Genius standing left holding patera over altar, - / * in field, PLG in exergue.
2 commentspaul1888
Trajan.jpg
65 viewsTrajan AR Denarius. Rome, AD 113-114. IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate and draped bust right / COS VI P P SPQR, Trajan's column surmounted by statue of the emperor; at base, two eagles. RIC 307; BMCRE 522; RSC 115. 3.53g, 20mm, 6h.
Of all of the truly monumental buildings and commemorative structures which the emperor Trajan built, only one, the Columna Traiani, has survived in a reasonable state of completeness. Indeed, it appears almost identical in person as it does on coins, except that the statue of Trajan that originally surmounted it was replaced in 1588 with a statue of St. Paul. When completed, the column occupied a prominent place between two libraries, the Basilica Ulpia and the Temple of Trajan and Plotina. The column was massive: it was over 12 feet in diameter at its base, and rose to a height of nearly 130 feet. Its core was comprised of 34 blocks of Carrara white marble that were made hollow so as to accommodate a circular staircase of 185 steps. The most remarkable feature of the column, however, was its ornamentation, for the friezes on its exterior are some of the most inspiring works of art ever produced. Monumental in scope and execution, they record Trajan’s two Dacian campaigns, from 101-3 and 104-6. All told, there are more than 2,500 individually sculpted figures distributed among more than 150 scenes. The emperor himself is represented no less than fifty times – not a surprise considering his penchant for commemorative architecture and his pride in having added Dacia to the provinces of the empire. “ Source: NAC”

Ex Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
4 commentspaul1888
dm2944.jpg
18 viewsRoman looking AE20 with Pietas reverse. Uncertain late Roman imitative coin. 4.65g.
David C13
6018D6F3-BC04-41A9-A906-DC5E1ACA59E5.jpeg
8 viewsROMAN EMPIRE. Philip I. 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus (3.97 gm; 26mm x 23mm). Rome mint. Struck 248 AD. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Antelope advancing left; VI in exergue. RIC IV 21; RSC 189. Secular games issue.

This is an impressive example with sharp details, artistic dies and a large flan! Example of this quality are hard to come by!
paul1888
altar1s.jpg
Constantine the Great, RIC VII 73 Siscia, 319 CE33 viewsObverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate helmet & cuirassed.
Reverse:VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP [ Joyous victory to the eternal
Prince] two Victories standing, facing one another, together holding shield
inscribed VOT PR [VOTA POPULI ROMANI (vows of the Roman people)]on altar.
gamma SIS dot in ex. RIC VII Siscia 73, 18.9 mm 2.6 g. rare
NORMAN K
rjb_01_07_09.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 14b41 viewsMaximianus I 286-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 14b
mauseus
rjb_fol4_01_09.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17a42 viewsConstantius I as Caesar 293-305 AD
AE Follis
Obv: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17a
mauseus
Augustus_REX_PTOL.jpg
2 Augustus and Ptolemy, King of Mauretania 28 viewsĆ Semis, Carthago Nova, Spain
C. Laetilius Apalus and Ptolemy, duoviri.

Bare head of Augustus right / Name and titles of the duoviri around diadem, REX PTOL inside

RPC 172; SNG Copenhagen 494

Ptolemy of Mauretania (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Latin: Ptolemaeus, 1 BC-40) was the son of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene and the grandson of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. He was the last Roman client King of Mauretania, and the last of the Ptolemy line.
1 commentsSosius
Nero_Den_RIC_60_reimaged.jpg
6 Nero27 viewsNERO
AR Denarius (19mm, 3.43 g, 6h)
Rome mint. Struck ~65-66 AD

O: Laureate head right

R: Salus seated left on throne, holding patera.

RIC I 60; RSC 314. aVF

Ex-CNG Sale 35, Lot 737, 9/20/95

In AD 65-66 two new types appear on the coins of Nero, Jupiter Custos- “Guardian”, and Salus- “Well-Being” (of the emperor). Nero gave thanks for surviving the Pisonian Conspiracy, which got its name from G. Calpurnius Piso, a senator put forward as an alternative emperor by senior military officers and government officials who feared the increasingly erratic Nero. The plot was discovered, many prominent Romans were executed, and others, such as the philosopher Seneca, were forced to commit suicide. This delayed the emperor’s fate for a few years.

RI0043
1 commentsSosius
Nero_As_RIC_306.jpg
6 Nero AE As28 viewsNERO
AE As
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S-C, the Temple of Janus, latticed window to l., garland hung across closed double doors on the right.
RIC 306, Sear5 #1974

On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war with a foreign enemy the doors of the 'Twin Janus' temple were ceremonially closed, an event which Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65-67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
RI0042
Sosius
Vindex_denarius.jpg
6.75 Revolt of Vindex54 viewsRevolt Against Nero, Gaius Iulius Vindex, Governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, c. Late 67 - May 68 A.D.

Struck by Gaius Iulius Vindex, the Roman governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, who rebelled against Nero's tax policy and declared allegiance to Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, as the new emperor. Vindex was defeated and killed in battle near Vesontio (modern Besançon), but the military continued to support Galba. On 9 June 68, deserted by the Praetorian Guard, Nero stabbed himself in the throat.

Silver denarius, Unpublished, civil war restitution of Augustus, gF, porosity, marks, uncertain (Lugdunum?) mint, weight 3.167g, maximum diameter 19.0mm, die axis 180o, c. late 67 - May 68 A.D.; obverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right; reverse AVGVSTVS, young bull walking right, head turned facing; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 6, lot 321; only two examples known to Forum

Purchased from FORVM
2 commentsSosius
ar27~0.jpg
Arcadius, Heraclea RIC 27b, 383-395 CE & 395-408 CE14 views
Arcadius AE2
Obverse - D N ARCADIVS P F AVG. Pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
Reverse - GLORIA ROMANORVM. Emperor standing , head right, holding labarum and globe.
SMHB in ex. Heraclea Mint 21 mm diam. desert patina
NORMAN K
constantius169a.jpg
Constantius I Chloris, RIC 169a, Siscia, 305-306 CE21 viewsConstantius I Chloris as Augustus, Ľ follis
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS AVG, laureate bust right.
Reverse: GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, nude with chlamys over shoulder and modius on head, patera in right hand and cornucopia in left hand.
Mintmark SIS Siscia mint RIC VI 169a.
18.9 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
rjb_2009_09_13.jpg
Maximianus I43 viewsMaximianus
Siscia mint
MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left with patera and cornucopia
-/-//SIS
RIC (VI) Siscia 169b
2 commentsmauseus
Scipio_Bronze.jpg
Scipio Africanus28 viewsSCIPIO AFRICANUS
Ć15, Spain, Carthago Nova, (2.4g) c. 209 B.C.

Male Roman style head left, probably Scipio Africanus before he was given title Africanus / Horse head right

SNG Cop. 298, Lindgren Eur. Mints 6. Toynbee p. 18-19. VF, green patina, encrust.

This coin may be the earliest depiction of a living Roman. Carthago Nova also produced rare likely portraits of Hannibal.
RR0029
Sosius
unknown_roman.jpg
Thrace, Perinthos. Under Roman Rule. Circa 1st-2nd Century AD30 views Ć 24.5mm (8.4 gr gm).
Obv. Laureate head of Herakles left
Rev. PERIN-QIWN, Zeus seated left, holding patera and
sceptre; eagle at feet

Thank you to Akropolis for identification
1 commentsSkyler
jkl4.jpg
Valentinian I, RIC VII 5a Siscia, 364-376 CE38 viewsValentinian I AE3
Obverse: DN VALENTINIAN VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor in military dress advancing right, head left, holding labarum and dragging captive behind.
Right field- star over A
D Gamma SISC in ex. 18.8 mm., 1.8 g.
NORMAN K
Section2_Page_17_Image_0001.jpg
*Late Roman Mints48 viewsFrom:
ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez

ERIC I and ERIC II are great resources for coin identification and the history behind the coins. Author Ras Suarez is a heck of a nice guy and very accessible to collectors. He has made all of ERIC I freely available at:
http://www.dirtyoldbooks.com/eric.html
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_3a_Serdica.jpg
1 Diocletian22 viewsDIOCLETIAN
AE1 Follis (9.63g), Serdica Mint, Struck 303-305 AD
R: GENIO POPVLIA ROMANI, Genius standing l. pouring liquid from patera and holding cornucopia, .SM.SD. in ex., B in r. field
RIC 3a, Officina B-2
Ex Harlan J. Berk
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Ticinum_29a.jpg
1 Diocletian21 viewsDiocletian
AE1 Follis.
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, with patera & cornucopiae, mintmark PT in ex.
Ticinum RIC 29a
Sosius
Diocletian_RIC_VI_Heraclea_12a.jpg
1 Diocletian26 viewsDiocletian
AE1. 294 AD
IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopiae, H and officina letter in ex.
Heraclea, RIC VI 12a
Sosius
Diocletian12.jpg
1 Diocletian Pre-Reform Radiate39 viewsDiocletian
AE Antoninianus, 293-295, Antioch, Officina 9
IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL_ITVM, Emperor standing right, short scepter in left hand, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, scepter in left, ED in lower middle field, XXI in exergue
RIC V, Part II, 322
Ex Max Mehl Coins
Ex Andreas Reich

Thanks to FORVM members stinats and Genio Popvli Romani for helping to attribute this coin!
Sosius
Trajan_Dupondius_RIC_653.jpg
14 Trajan AE Dupondius17 viewsTRAJAN
AE Dupondius
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate draped bust r. / SENATVS POPVLESQUE ROMANVS, Fortuna seated left with rudder & cornucopiae, FORT RED below, S-C in ex.
RIC 653; VF+, roughness
RI0120
Sosius
rjb_car_188cf_05_05.jpg
18858 viewsCarausius 287-93
Antoninianus
Obv"IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "[PM T]RP II COS PP"
Emperor togate seated left in curule chair
Camulodunum mint
-/-//C
RIC 188?
This is the only known coin with "TRP II COS", all other extant specimens except the coin below are "TRP IIII COS". A discussion of this coin in relation to the other dated coins of Carausius can be found here.
mauseus
Lucius_Verus_RIC_1290.jpg
19 Lucius Verus13 viewsLucius Verus
AE As, 161 AD
IMP CAES L AVREL VERVS AVG, laureate cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA AVGVSTOR TR P COS II S-C, Verus and Marcus Aurelius clasping hands
RIC 1290, Sear5 #5408; aFine
One of my first "big" roman coins. Not pretty, but it was exciting to get and to attribute. I didn't even know who Lucius Verus was before I got the coin!
RI0099
Sosius
2550311.jpg
22 Didius Julianus70 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Didius Julianus
AD 193
Ć Sestertius (28mm, 19.82 g, 11h). Rome mint.

Laureate head right / Fortuna standing left, holding rudder set on globe and cornucopia.

RIC IV 15. Fine, brown patina, scratches
Ex CNG
RI0128
6 commentsSosius
Julia_Domna_Den_RIC_388c.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna13 viewsJULIA DOMNA
AR Denarius. (3.2g), 216 AD

IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right / VENVS GENETRIX, Venus seated left, extending right hand and holding sceptre in left.

RIC 388c [Caracalla], RSC 212, BMC 23B; VF
Ex. Ancient Roman Coins, Fort Collins, CO
Sosius
Julia_Domna_Den_RIC_557.jpg
24.5 Julia Domna11 viewsJULIA DOMNA
AR Denarius (3.2g), 196 AD

IVLIA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right / HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left between two children (Caracalla and Geta) holding palm frond and cornucopia

RIC 557 (Sept Sev); Sear 1840, Cohen 79; aVF/F
Ex. Ancient Roman Coins, Fort Collins, CO
Sosius
Roman_Prov.jpg
26 Geta?21 viewsNever nailed this one down. It was discussed here:

http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=70693.msg443086#msg443086

From FORVM member Pscipio:
"Probably Geta as Caesar rather than Caracalla, cf. SNG Aulock 7165 for what looks like an obverse die match (different reverse type). Note that a similar left facing portrait also exists for Caracalla, but laureate, thus as Augustus: SNG Aulock 7162, which is clearly from the same hand and therefore probably belongs to the same emission.

The countermark appears to be Howgego 68."
Sosius
Julia_Soaemias_Sear_2170.jpg
29.4 Julia Soaemias10 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Julia Soaemias
Mother of Elagabalus
AR Denarius, 3.05g, AD 220

IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG, draped bust right / VENVS CAELESTIS, Venus standing left, holding apple and sceptre, star in field

RIC 241; C 8; RCV 7719
Sosius
Constantius_I_Lyons_167a.jpg
3 Constantius I22 viewsCONSTANTIUS I
AE1 Folles, Lyons, Struck 301-301 AD
CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate cuirassed bust l.., scepter over r. shoulder / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genuis standing left by altarholding patera and cornucopiae, A in l. field, PLG in ex.\\\\\\\\
RIC VI Lyons 167a
Sosius
2550332.jpg
3.5 Herennius Etruscus32 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Herennius Etruscus
As Caesar, AD 249-251.
AR Antoninianus (22mm, 4.87 g, 12h). Rome mint. 3rd-4th emission, AD 250.

O: Radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind

R: Sprinkler, simpulum, jug, patera and lituus.
RIC IV 143 (Decius); RSC 14. VF, flan flaw on obverse, light reverse porosity, struck from a worn reverse die.

Ex-CNG
2 commentsSosius
Theodora_Trier_RIC_56.jpg
3.5 Theodora20 viewsTHEODORA
Second wife of Constantius I
AE4, Trier Mint, 337-340 AD

O: FL MAX THEO-DORAE AVG, bust r. / PIETAS-ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, TRP dot in ex.

RIC VIII Trier 56
Sosius
CaliDu01-2.jpg
37 AD Dedication of the temple of Divus Augustus288 viewsorichalcum dupondius (29mm). Rome mint. Struck AD 37.
CONSENSV SENAT·ET·EQ·ORDIN·P·Q·R Gaius seated left on curule chair
DIVVS AVGVSTVS S C radiate head of Augustus facing left
RIC (Gaius) 56; Cohen (August) 87; Foss (Roman historical coins) 60:4
ex old British (Oxford) collection

Minted under Caligula on the occasion of the dedication of a temple to Divus Agustus; the identity of the seated person is uncertain but probably Gaius. The legend 'ET EQ' refers to 'EQVES' (pl. EQVITES), 'horseman'. In the early empire, they were the holders of administrative posts of a class second only to the senators.
In the picture the obverse and reverse have accidentally been switched around.
Charles S
Galerius_RIC_VI_Antioch_53b.jpg
4 Galerius25 viewsGALERIUS
AE Follis, Antioch, 299-300 A.D.

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, bust l. / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left left, holding patera and cornucopia, epsilon in r. filed, ANT in ex

RIC VI Antioch 53b
Sosius
Galerius_RIC_VII_Heraclea_18b_hwflip.jpg
4 Galerius32 viewsGALERIUS
Silvered Follis, Heraclea, 297-298 AD

GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, head l. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing l., holding patera and cornucopiae, HT epsilon in ex.

RIC VI Heraclea 20b
Sosius
Severus_II_RIC_VI_Siscia_170a.jpg
5 Severus II23 viewsSEVERUS II
AE Quarter-Folles , Siscia, 305-306 AD

FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C, Bust r. / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae, SIS in ex

RIC VI Siscia 170a Rare
Sosius
Severus_II_Siscia_171a.jpg
5 Severus II24 viewsSEVERUS II
AE Quarter-Folles, Siscia, 305-306 AD

O: SEVERVS NOB C, Laureate bust left / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius, naked, wearing modius, holding patera and cornucopia, chalmys over l. shoulder

RIC VI Siscia 171a; Rare; Fine, rough.
Sosius
Severus_II_Serdica_24.jpg
5 Severus II27 viewsSEVERUS II
Silvered Follis, Serdica Mint, 306-307 AD

O: IMP C FL VAL SEVERVS PF AVG, Laureate bust r. / GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing naked l., modius on hd., holding patera from which liquid flows, and cornucopiae, delta to r., SM dot SD dot in ex.

RIC VI Serdica 24. aVF, Rare. Silvering brighter on reverse than obverse.
Sosius
rhodes.jpg
6023 viewsPseudo-Autonomous
Rhodes
AE 35mm (drachm)
c.31BC - 60AD
Obverse: Head of Dionysus right, radiate and with ivy leaf wreath
Reverse: Nike, right, with palm and aphlastron, on prow
Magistrate: Hypsikles
RPC I 2761
As this coin is listed in RPC I there is enough justification, for me at least, to include it in my "Diverse Roman" gallery.
mauseus
rjb_2015_07_s08.jpg
61221 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IM[P CARAVSIVS PF A]VG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "RENOVA [ROMANO]"
Wolf & twins right
London mint?
-/-//RSR
RIC 612
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_car_615cf_replace.jpg
615cf63 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
Rev "ROMANO RENOVA"
Wolf & twins right
London mint?
-/-//RSR
RIC - (cf 615)
mauseus
VESPSE06-2.jpg
70 AD: Vespasian - Defeat of the Jewish revolt and fall of Jerusalem345 viewsSestertius (28.6g, 37mm, 6h). Roman mint. Struck AD 71.
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P P COS III laureate head right
IVDAEA CAPTA / S C [in ex.] Judaea seated, in attidue of sorrow, at the foot of a palm tree; behind Vespasian standing in military dress holding spear and parazonium; left foot on a helmet.
RIC 427 (scarce); BMC 543; Cohen 239
1 commentsCharles S
2550340.jpg
70.5 Hanniballianus12 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Hanniballianus
Rex Regum, AD 335-337. Ć Follis (15mm, 1.73 g, 12h). Const. mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337.

O: Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right.
R: Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, overturned urn below, CONSς.

RIC VII 147; LRBC 1036. Good Fine, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.

Ex CNG
Sosius
2550341.jpg
76 Julian II42 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Julian II
AD 360-363. AR Siliqua (18mm, 1.87 g, 12h). Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. Struck AD 361.

O: Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right R: Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in four lines within wreath; LVG.

RIC VIII 218; RSC 163a. Sear (2014) 19130. VF, toned, flan crack, graffiti on reverse.

Ex CNG
2 commentsSosius
rjb_car_982cf_02_05.jpg
82238 viewsCarausius 287-93AD
Antoninianus
Obv "IMP C CARAVSIVS PF AVG"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "LAETITI AVG"
Laetitia standing left holding wreath and baton
Unmarked mint
RIC 822
This coin is an obverse and reverse die duplicate of the coin illustrated in "Some Stratified Coins Of c. AD 390-400 From Bourton-On-The-Water" by O'neil in Numismatic Chronicle 1935 pp 275-81. The Bourton specimen plus an obverse brockage die duplicate of this coin can be seen here.
mauseus
Avitus__AE4.jpg
90 Avitus?55 viewsAVITUS?
AE4/5, Rome mint

O: DN AVIT-VS PF AVG, bust right

R: VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory standing, left, holding wreath and palm branch, RM in ex., S in left field

RIC X 2412 or 2413, R5. Sear (2014) 21581 or 21582 (extremely rare)

Like many late Roman coins, this could be a barbarous issue, but it has many of the features of genuine Avitus coins. Still not enough detail or legends to remove the question mark after Avitus, though!
Sosius
rjb_carausius_renov roman.jpg
968cf65 viewsCarausius 287-93 AD
AE antoninianus
Obv "IMP CARAVSIVS PF AV"
Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
Rev "RENOV ROMAN"
Wolf and twins right
Unclear mint mark, no mint mark?
RIC - (cf 968?)
1 commentsmauseus
AncientRomanEmpire-AR-denarius-Otho-062500.jpg
Ancient Rome (Imperial): silver denarius of Otho, ca. January-April, 69 AD29 viewslordmarcovan
arcadius53.jpg
Arcadius, AE2, RIC IX 53b Constantinople 383-395 CE & 395-408 CE23 viewsObverse: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right, holding spear, crowned by hand of god above.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding standard in left hand and resting right hand on shield, captive at feet to the left.
CONR* in ex. Constantinople mint 23.9 mm., 6.1 g.
NORMAN K
Intaglio.jpg
Asclepius Intaglio48 viewsMale figure Asclepius? holding two snakes.

Asclepius was the god of healing though he, like Heracles, was born as a mortal. Athena gave Asclepius two types of blood to help with his healing work, both from the gorgon, Medusa. One took life quickly but the other restored life. When Asclepius used this life restoring blood he encroached on the preserve of the gods and Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. One of the most famous centres for Asclepius worship was at Epidaurus on the Peloponnese. Snakes were sacred to the god and when the Romans embraced him as one of theirs his cult was supposedly taken to Rome in the body of a snake. He was preserved in the heavens as the constellation Ophiuchus, the serpent holder. The Romanised version of his name is Aesculapius.

0.34g

Greek or more likely Roman Provincial

Ex-Time Machine

Sold Forum Auctions December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
AUGUSTUS_Cistophorus_Pergamum.JPG
AUGUSTUS. AR Cistophorus (3 denarii) of Pergamum. Struck c.19 - 18 B.C.604 viewsObverse: IMP IX TR PO V. Bare head of Augustus facing right.
Reverse: Triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in facing triumphal quadriga; IMP IX TR POT V on architrave; S P R SIGNIS RECEPTIS in three lines within arch opening, standards at either side.
RIC I : 510 | BMC : 703 | RSC : 298.

This coin commemorates Augustus' triumphant agreement with the Parthians in 20 B.C. under which they returned the legionary standards captured from Crassus who was defeated and killed at Carrhae thirty-three years earlier (53 B.C.) Augustus installed these standards in the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The reverse of the coin shows the triumphal arch which was awarded to Augustus on the occasion of his recovery of the standards. This was the second triumphal arch awarded to Augustus and, like the earlier arch which had been constructed in 29 BC to honour his victory over Cleopatra, this second arch, which archaeological evidence suggests may actually have incorporated the first arch, stood in close proximity to the Temple of Divus Julius at the southern entrance to the Roman Forum.

This is the rarest cistophorus struck during the reign of Augustus with the exception of the exceedingly rare issues featuring a sphinx.
6 commentsdivvsavgvstvs
crcg.jpg
Crispus RIC VII 69 Thessalonica, 319 CE30 viewsObverse: IVL CRIS-PVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: VIRT EXERC, Sol raising right hand and holding globe in left, standing in center of plan of roman camp.
TS dot E dot in ex. Thessalonica mint
19.53mm., 2.2g. rare
The true meaning of this reverse type has never been fully deciphered. The latest theory being the X shaped pattern represents Constantine's vision before the battle of Milvainbridge. This does not seem likely since the type is known on coins of Licinius a pagan and Constantine's enemy
sold 4-2018

NORMAN K
diocletian21.jpg
Diocletian RIC 21a, Thessalonica, 300-301 CE.22 viewsDiocletian AE Follis
Obverse: IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right.
Reverse: GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys opver left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows and cornucopia.
Mintmark dot TSB dot Thessalonica, 29 mm., 6.9 g.
NORMAN K
sia_067.JPG
EAGLE, GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. 73 views GORDIAN & TRANQUILLINA. ANCHIALUS. AE 26. Eagle. Choice
ROMAN PROVINCES - THRACE, ANCHIALUS
GORDIAN III, Emperor, AD 238-244
GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA
AE27 (Copper, 13.02 grams, 26.50 mm).
Obverse: Greek legend: AVT K M AN GORDIANOC CAV CAB / TPANKVLLI/NA Their two draped busts confronted.
Reverse: Greek legend: OVLPIANWN ANXIALEVN Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt with open wings, head right, holding wreath in its beak. Reference: Sear GIC -, BMC # 21 page 86.

6500
2 commentsAntonio Protti
83353q00_Theodosius_RIC_IX_68a,_F.jpg
GLORIA ROMANORVM, ANT“Δ” in ex; RIC IX 68a Antioch27 viewsTheodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 68a, Antioch mint, 5.657g, 22.6mm, 180o, 392-395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing facing, head right holding standard and globe, ANT“Δ” in exergue. Ex FORVM, photo credit FORVMPodiceps
GordianiII_Fordredux.jpg
Gordian III AR Antoninianus, RIC 143, RSC 9715 views
Gordian III AR Antoninianus. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped bust right / FORT REDUX, Fortuna seated left with rudder & cornucopiae, wheel beneath. RSC 97.
Sear Roman Coins and their Values (RCV 2000 Edition) Number 8612
Britanikus
hon123456.JPG
Honorius 393-423 CE.23 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORI-VS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor standing left, head right, holding labarum & globe.
Uncertain mint,15.2 mm, 1.4g.
NORMAN K
hon403.jpg
Honorius RIC 403 Cyzicus41 viewsHonorius bronze AE4
Obverse: D N HONORIUS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star in left field.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Honorius and Theodosius II standing facing, heads confronted, each holding a spear vertically in outer hand and resting inner hand on shield. The emperor on the right is slightly smaller than the other.
SMK in ex. Cyzicus 15.24 mm, 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca.jpg
Italy- Pompeii- The Basilaca315 viewsBASILICA
Forum of Pompeii c. 120 B.C. These more massive columns are from the basilica, the most important public building in Pompeii. Constructed prior to the Roman period, the basilica had three aisles and five entrance doors onto the forum. In the rear we see a two-tiered colonnade which has columns in the Doric style on the bottom and slender Ionic columns on top of a cross beam. In Pompeii many columns were made of brick and covered with stucco.

BASILICA (VIII,1,1)
Built in the second half of the 2nd cent. BC, as part of the plan to create monuments throughout the city. It has a rectangular layout, with three naves, with a ceiling sloping straight down in both directions from the central columns and half columns at the top of the walls, where there are still remains of decorations in ‘first style’: at the back is the tribunal, where the magistrates sat, reached by a wooden staircase. The building was dedicated to administering justice and for business negotiations.




John Schou
1390_L_Senticius.jpg
L. Sentius C.f. - AR denarius7 views˛96 BC
ą101 BC
Rome
head of Roma right wearing winged helmet
(AR)G·PVB
Jupiter in quadriga right, holding scepter, thunderbolt and reins
D
L·SENTI·C·F
ąCrawford 325/1b, SRCV I203, Sydenham 600, RSC I Sentia 1
˛Mark Passehl - Roman moneyer & coin type chronology, 150 – 50 BC
4,00g
ex Gorny & Mosch

Moneyer held praetorship in 93-89 BC.
Johny SYSEL
sabinus.jpg
L. Titurius L. f. Sabinus AR Denarius174 viewsOBV: Bearded head of King Tatius r.; before, A; behind, SABIN.
REV: Rape of the Sabine women; in exegue, L. TITVRI.
Date: 89 BC
3.3g
RRC 698. CR 344/1a.

The Roman Republic L. Titurius L. f. Sabinus Denarius.
miffy
_Macedon_c.jpg
Macedon9 viewsCoins of the ancient Greek cities and Kings of Macedon, and some celtic imitations thereof. Includes the Hellenistic kings of Macedon and Roman successors. Principal mints: Akanthos, Amphipolis and Pella. 1 commentsAnaximander
maximianusegypt~1.jpg
Maximianus, Roman Provincial Egypt 15 viewsMaximianus Billion tetradrachm 285-310 CE.
Obverse: MAXIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed head right.
Reverse: Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder jn left.
S/L (YEAR 6) left, star right. Alexandria mint.
20.6 mm., 7.5 g., Alexandria 2577
NORMAN K
max207x.JPG
Maximinus II RIC 171B Siscia17 viewsMaximinus II quarter follis, 305-306 CE
Obverse: MAXIMINVS NOBC, laureate bust right.
Reverse: GENIO POP_VLI ROMANI , Genius standing left, modius on headn naked but for chlamys over shoulder, holding patera and cornucopia.
SIS in ex. Siscia mint. 19.1 mm., 2.0 g.
NORMAN K
philipI1s.jpg
Philip II, Alexandria, Billion Tetredrachm20 viewsRoman Empire, Philip II, 247-249
Billion.-Tetradrachm year 5 = 247, Egypt, city of Alexandria.
Obverse: AKM IOV FILIPPOC EVC, bust right
Reverse:. Homonoia with double cornucopia, LE in left field=year 5.
24mm, 13.2 g., Datt. 5057, BMC 16.267.2059
sold 1-2018

Billion is an alloy of precious metal, mostly silver, with a mixture or base metal such as copper. Many Roman coins from the 2nd and 3rd century are made of billion because of debasements of the denarius and the tetradrachm.
NORMAN K
IMG_0351.JPG
Q. Sicinius11 viewsMoneyer issues of Imperatorial Rome. Q. Sicinius. Early 49 BC. AR Denarius (17.5mm, 3.89 g, 4h). Rome mint. Diademed head of Fortuna Populi Romani right / Palm frond with fillet and winged caduceus in saltire; wreath above. Crawford 440/1; CRI 1; Sydenham 938; Sicinia 5. Near VF, toned, some iridescence, banker’s marks and a couple scratches under tone on obverse, traces of deposits, a few minor marks on reverse.

Ex CNG
1 commentsecoli
Roman_Imperial_RIC164b.jpg
Roman Imperial: Maximinus II Daia (310-313) BI Follis, Antioch (RIC-164b)26 viewsObv: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS PF AVG; Laureate head right
Rev: GENIO AVGVSTI; Genius standing facing, holding head of Sol in right, cornucopia in left. ✶ / S in fields, ANT in exergue

SpongeBob
leadweight10mm10mm9mm11_15g.jpg
Roman lead weight37 views10mm/10mm/9mm
11.15g
plain all sides
wileyc
Sicily_Gallery_h.jpg
Sicily25 viewsGreek colonies dotted the island of Sicily from about the mid-8th C. BC onward, sometimes conflicting with the native tribes (Sikels to the east, Sikanians in central Sicily, and Elymians to the west) and several Phoenician colonies. The largest issuance of coinage by the city-states often came amidst conflict among themselves and later arrivals, the Carthaginians and Romans. While Greek coin types and denominations predominated, the local litra and its fractions of onkiai survived down to the Roman conquest in 212 BC, when local striking withered. Major mints include Akragas, Gela, Himera, Kamarina, Katane, Leontini, Messene, Naxos, Segesta, Selinos, Syracuse, and the siculo-punic mints of Entella and Lilybaion.
3 commentsAnaximander
BOTH_THASOS.jpg
SOLD Thasos Dionysus Imitative Tetradrachm after 148 BC SOLD14 viewsSOLD Obverse - Dionysus with flowers in his hair and head band.
32.15mm 16.67gm
Reverse- Herekles naked with chlamys cloak & club
M in left field
HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN,
SOLD

cicerokid
AE.JPG
Valens, Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, 364-378 AD. AE 18. Struck 364 AD. Sirmium mint. 18 viewsDN VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / GLORIA RO MANORVM, Valens advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum; ASIRM.
Sirmium RIC 4b
Antonivs Protti
valentinian5a2.jpg
VALENTINIAN I, RIC IX 14a, Siscia39 viewsVALENTINIAN I, AE3, AD 364-375
Obverse: D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORM, Emperor advancing right, holding labarum and dragging a captive behind him. B in left field, star over F in right field.
Mintmark ASISC, Siscia. 17.6 mm ,2.9 g.
NORMAN K
ThoriusBalbus.jpg
#L. Thorius Balbus. 105 BC. AR Denarius32 viewsRome mint. ISMR behind, head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress / L THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue, bull charging right.

"The obverse refers to the the cult of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium, the moneyer's birthplace. The reverse is likely a play on the moneyer's name (Taurus sounds like Thorius). Cicero described L. Thorius Balbus as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rare, that he did not enjoy. This is one of the most common republican denarii." -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David Sear and Robert Loosley
ancientone
germe.jpg
#Mysia, Germe. Pseudo-autonomus Æ1544 viewsMysia, Germe, Pseudo-autonomus Ć15. Time of the Antonines. IERA SUNKLHTOC. Youthful, draped bust of the Roman Senate right / GERMH-NEN, laureate & draped bust of Apollo right, spray of laurel before. Sear 5016. ancientone
008n.jpg
Δ in circular punch279 viewsIONIA. Smyrna. Civic. Ć 20. Time of Gordian to Valerian. Obv: .IEPACVNKΛHTOC. Laureate and draped bust of the Roman Senate right, countermark on bust. Rev: CMVPΓNE-ΩKOPΩN. Figure of Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia, inside tetrastyle temple. Ref: Ex. Lindgren II:556; BMC 233. Axis: 180°. Weight: 4.95 g. CM: Δ in circular punch, 5.5 mm. Howgego 791 (34 pcs). Note: The countermark was probably not applied before the time of the joint reign of Valerian and Gallienus. Collection Automan.Automan
Roman_AE_Tessera.jpg
67 viewsROME
Ć Tessera (12mm, 0.70 g)
Crescent and stars type
Radiate head of Sol right
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -; cf. Vauctions 270, lot 363
Ardatirion
Roman_AE_tessera~0.jpg
45 viewsROME
Ć Tessera (13mm, 0.72 g)
Crescent and stars series
Star
Three stars over crescent
Hristova & Jekov, Nikopolis -

Ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 235, lot 494
Ardatirion
PB_Roman_Tessera_DP_2.jpg
56 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.35 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
DP
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-42319
Ardatirion
PB_Roman_Tessera_DP_1.jpg
62 viewsROME
PB Tessera (11 mm, 1.24 g, 12 h)
Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
DP
Rostowzew 2307; Kircheriano 809-9

Cast from same mold as:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-42318
1 commentsArdatirion
uncertain.jpg
39 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 4.33 g)
Contemporary counterfeit
Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, GPR (Genio populi Romani) around
Blank
Rostowzew -

This tessera was cast from fractured molds, likely after the they had been discarded by the mint. It is the only possibly counterfeit tessera I have discovered to date.
Ardatirion
00004x00~4.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.00 g)
Horse running left; palm below
ЄVC (Eustolos)
Rostovtsev 819; Rostovtsev & Prou 517; Munich 177; BM 1612-3; Kircheriano 1573-6; Toynbee, “Beasts and Their Names in the Roman Empire,” pl. VI, fig 18

Ex Artcoins Roma 23 (17 February 2015), lot 583

The reverse appears to bear the name of the horse, Eustolos, “the Ready.” Toynbee records 417 horse names, far more than any other beast, noting only a few dozen names for dogs, mules, bears, and other animals.
Ardatirion
phallus1.JPG
45 viewsROME
PB Tessera (16mm, 2.92 g, 12 h)
Horse standing right; C above
Erect phallus; A V flanking
Rostovtsev -

Rostovtsev1 gathers into one group all tesserae depicting the phallus, various iterations of the word Amor, and the extremely rare pieces depicting sexual acts. He assumes that these pieces were entrance tickets to the Lupanaria, ancient brothels. This association has caused many scholars to refuse to accept tesserae as currency, as they feel that such crude themes would never have been depicted on currency. Thornton2, however, convincingly argues that, as Mercury is sometimes depicted as a herm, a statuary type consisting of a bust set on a square pedestal adorned with only genitalia, the phallus is in fact an emblem of the god in his guise as a fertility deity.


1. Rostovtzev, Mikhail. 1905. Römische Bleitesserae. Ed. C.F. Lehmann and E Kornemann. Beiträge z. Liepzig: Theodor Weicher.

2. Thornton, M. K. 1980. “The Roman Lead Tesserae : Observations on Two Historical Problems Author.” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 29 3: 341-3
1 commentsArdatirion
tessera1.JPG
53 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.06 g, 12 h)
Isis standing left, holding sistrum and situla
IVE/NES
Rostovtsev -


The iuvenes were Roman educational organizations roughly analagous to modern American colleges. Mohler1 argues that, while their athletic program undoubtedly focused on parade and various other activities that relate to war, the group focused equally on education and athletics, rather than as a pseudo-military training program. Inscriptions survive in some theaters and arenas that note reserved seats for iuvenes, leading some to identify these pieces as entrance tickets. I feel they were more likely distributed at the various parades and processions for which the organizations were famous.

The iuvenes tokens are related to those of the sodales, composed of individuals not a part of the organization (younger or older men and women) who still actively supported it.

1. Mohler, S. L. (1937). The Iuvenes and Roman Education. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Society, 68, 442–479.
Ardatirion
10260s00.jpg
36 viewsROME
PB Tessera (18mm, 3.97 g, 1h)
Man standing right, holding Victory in outstretched arm; P R (Populus Romanus) flanking
Two Aurae(?) standing facing, raising hands
Rostovtsev 1599

Ex Tom Vossen Collection
Ardatirion
Y04290.jpg
51 viewsROME
PB Tessera (13mm, 3.30 g, 12 h)
Facing head of Medusa
Bestiarius standing facing, holding net and spear
Rostowzew 589 = Kircheriano 1167

The Roman bestiarii were arena fighters who fought against animals while wielding the spear and net. While professional schools for this role eventually developed, most animal fighters were condemned prisoners who barely survived a single match. They should be distinguished from the traditional gladiatiores, who fought only other men. It was in the role of bestiarius that Commodus won his arena fame and Herculean title.
2 commentsArdatirion
DSC_0203.jpg
18 viewsROME
PB Tessera (20mm, 5.77 g, 12 h)
Mercury standing facing, holding bag and caduceus
Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
Rostowzew 2647.1 = Rostowzew & Prou 300

The style of this piece is finer than one would expect for a common Roman type. Although difficult to tell without an illustration, Rostowzew 2647.1 is the only listed specimen near the size and is persumably of the same style.
Ardatirion
00009x00~0.jpg
11 viewsROME
PB Tessera (23mm, 6.90 g, 12h
Rudder
Flaccid male genitals (or leaf?)
Rostovtsev –

The obverse type differs from the phallic imagery sometimes scene on Roman tesserae. This example depicts a flaccid, rather than engorged penis, often conservatively described in numismatics as a "pudenda virilia." The unusual shape of this piece, combined with the differing obverse type, makes me think this may be a fertility amulet.
Ardatirion
00061x00.jpg
31 viewsROME
PB Tessera (19mm, 3.47 g, 9h)
Roma seated right, holding Victory and spear
G P R F (Genio Populi Romani Feliciter) in circle
Rostovtzev 1576; BM 369

Rostovtsev cites two examples in the British Museum, as well as five more in smaller collections. Thornton could only locate one specimen.
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00004x00~3.jpg
88 viewsUNITED STATES, Hard Times. Political issues.
CU Token (28.5mm, 8.53 g, 12h). Belleville (New Jersey) mint. Struck 1837-1842.
· (rosette) · I TAKE THE · (rosette) ·/ RESPONSIBILITY, half length bust of Jackson emerging from chest, holding saber and money bag
· THE CONSTITUTION ·/ AS I UNDERSTAND IT. Mule standing left, LL.D on flank; above, ROMAN/ FIRMNESS; below, VETO
Rulau HT 72; Low 53

Ex Steve Hayden (20 July 2014), lot 429; Don Miller Collection; William Dunham Collection (B. Max Mehl, 3 August 1941), lot 2627
1 commentsArdatirion
Asia_Minor_tessera.jpg
24 viewsUNCERTAIN EAST
Circa 300 BC - 100 AD?
PB Tessera (20mm, 3.79 g)
Two punches: bee, Λ A flanking; Nike advancing facing, head right
Blank
Gülbay & Kireç -; Lang & Crosby -; Howgego -

The first punch depicts a bee with a long, cylindrical body, triangular pointed wings, and globular eyes with the letters Λ and A flanking. A second, added later over the edge of the first, shows Nike striding boldly forward with her head slightly to the right. The elegant engraving of the punches, both unlisted as countermarks in Howgego, contrasts starkly with the rough, unfinished flan. Although the basic types of Nike and a bee are common at Ephesos, the fabric and style differ from the issues of that city. Neither does the piece fit with the tokens found in the Athenian Agora. All considered, this piece appears consistent with what one would expect from a temporary token or entry pass, possibly of the pre-Roman period.
Ardatirion
00005x00~7.jpg
26 viewsEGYPT, Antinoöpolis
PB Tessera – Dichalkon
Draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown(?);[Δ]/I downward to left, X/A downward to right
Tyche standing right, holding rudder and cornucopia; [Λ/K] downwards to left, [O/N] downwards to right

This piece is extremely important for the study of lead tokens in Roman Egypt. The legend reads DIXALKON, normally a bronze denomination. Leads bearing denominational names are known from only a few specimens (see Köln 3502, for one such piece from Memphis), including one of this type in Dattari (Savio).
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00028x00.jpg
40 viewsBYZANTINE. Baanes. Palatinos(?), circa 7th century AD
PB Seal (17mm, 5.58 g, 6 h)
Capricorn leaping right, ПAΛA below
Monogram (BAANH)
Unpublished

A palatinos was a minor clerk in the late Roman and early Byzantine period.
Ardatirion
00016x00.jpg
25 viewsUNCERTAIN
PB Tessera (14mm, 3.62 g, 12 h)
Pilei of the Dioscuri
Caduceus; LLL(?) to left

This piece is significantly thicker than expected for a small coin of the Roman era. There is a possibility this is an unpublished Hellenistic lead denomination.
Ardatirion
frog.jpg
72 viewsUNCERTAIN
PB Tessera (25mm, 7.87 g)
Three leaves
Frog (?)
Apparently unpublished

A curious piece, similar to Roman issues in fabric, but vastly different in style.
Ardatirion
valentinien1-resitvtor-reip-cyzique.JPG
RIC.10a1(var) Valentinian I (AE4, Restitvtor Reip)17 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
Quarter maiorina (?) AE4 : Restitvtor Reip (364-365, Cyzicus mint)

bronze, 17 mm diameter, 1.98 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ RESTITV-TOR REIP / SMK• in exergue; emperor standing facing left, holding l. standard and r. Victory on a globe

Divisonal emission ?
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RIC.8.2 Valentinian I (AE3, Vot V Mvlt X)14 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
AE3 : Vot V Mvlt X (364, Sirmium)

bronze, 19 mm diameter, 3.56 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VOT / V / MVLT / X / BSIRM in exergue; in wreath
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valentinien1-silique-urbs-roma-treves.JPG
RIC.27d1 Valentinian I (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)10 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
Siliqua : Vrbs Roma (367-375, Trčves)

silver, 17 mm diameter, 1.79 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS - ROMA / TRPS• in exergue, Roma seating on cuirass, head left, holding globe and spear
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valentinien1-gloria-romanorvm-siscia.JPG
RIC.14a.xxv Valentinian I (AE4, Gloria Romanorvm)10 viewsValentinian I, western roman emperor (364-375)
AE4: Gloria Romanorvm (367-375, Siscia, 2ond officine)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2.00 g, die axis: 6 h

A/ D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ GLORIA RO-MANORVM / BSISCS in exergue / Q|*RO in the field; emperor advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum
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charlemagne-denier-bourges~0.JPG
D.175 Charles the Great [Charlemagne] (denier, class 3, Bourges)16 viewsCharles the Great, king of the Franks (768-840) and Holy Roman emperor (800-814)
Denier (Bourges, class 3, 781-800)

Silver, 1.18 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3h

O/ [+CA]RLVS REX FR; cross pattée with a crescent in each quarter
R/ [+B]ITVRICA[S]; carolingian monogram KRLS

For the 3rd type of his coinage, Charles the Great introduced the famous KRLS monogram. This one contains all the letters of Karolvs : the consonants are clearly written at the edges and bound by a lozenge. The vowels are at the center of the monogram: A (using the upper part of the lozenge, O as the whole lozenge and V as the down part of the lozenge).
This monogram still appeared two centuries later in the coinage of Hugh Capet, first capetian king.
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valens-secvritas-reipvblicae.JPG
RIC.7(abs) Valens (AE3, Secvritas Rei Pvblicae)24 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Nummus AE3 : Secvritas Rei Pvblicae (364-367, Siscia)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2.52 g, die axis: 6h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ SECVRITAS-REIPVBLICAE / ΓSISC in exergue ; Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
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valens-gloria-siscia.JPG
RIC.5b.vii Valens (AE3, Gloria Romanorvm)13 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Nummus AE3 : Gloria Romanorvm (364-367, Siscia, 2ond officine)

bronze, 19 mm diameter, 1.84 g, die axis: 7h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ GLORIA RO-MANORVM / DBSISC in exergue / *A in the field on the right; emperor advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum
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valens-silique-restitvtor-reip-lyon.JPG
RIC.6f4 Valens (siliqua, Restitvtor Reip)11 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Siliqua : Restitvtor Reip (366, Lyon)

silver (900 ‰), 18 mm diameter, 1.80 g, die axis: 6h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ RESTITV-TOR REIP / SLVG• ŕ l'exergue ; emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe
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valens-silique-urbs-roma.JPG
RIC.27e1 Valens (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)17 viewsValens, eastern roman emperor (364-378)
Siliqua : Vrbs Roma (367-375, Trčves)

silver (900 ‰), 17 mm diameter, 1.96 g, die axis: 7h

A/ D N VALEN-S P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS - ROMA / TRPS• in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear
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louis1-denier-melle-lin.JPG
D.609 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)49 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.48 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ META / . / LLVM

Louis' deniers correspond to his father's (Charles the Great) ``novus denarius'', whose weight is supposed to be near 1.7 g with a certain variability.

This denier is typical of Class 2 of Louis' coinage (819-822).
A circular inscription of the name of the ruler surrounds a cross pattée on the observe. The quite surprising Hlvdovvicvs initially comes from the germanic name Chlodowig ("Clovis"). This one was first transcribed to latin as Chlodowicvs. The initial C then disappeared, which explains the H at the beginning. The w(=vv) finally became a standard v, which gave Lvdovicvs (Louis). The imperial title imp is also given.

The reverse consists of the mint name, in field. The mint name may be split in 2 or 3 lines.
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louis1-denier-bourges.JPG
D.177 Louis the Pious (denier, Bourges, class 2)11 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.71 g, 21 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ BITV / RIGES


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louis1-denier-quentovic.JPG
D.803 Louis the Pious (denier, Quentovic, class 2)17 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Quentovic, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.55 g, 18 mm diameter, die axis 6h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ QVENTO / . / VICVS

Qventovic was a former port close to the English Channel in the northern part of France. It was a prominent trading place until it was abandoned, probably in the 11th century, because of Viking attacks.
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louis1-denier-dorestadt.JPG
D.416 Louis the Pious (denier, Dorstadt, class 2)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Dorstadt, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.13 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ DOR / ESTA / TVS
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louis1-obole-melle-lin.JPG
D.613var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)34 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.74 g, 17 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

As the value of a denier was quite important (a sheep typically cost 10 deniers during Charles the Great's reign), a smaller coin was needed. Clearly speaking, an obol is a half-denier. The carolingian coinage is typically one of silver deniers and obols. Obols and deniers were usually produced by pairs of the same kind.

Contrary to the related denier, the name of the ruler is here in the field and the mint name surrounds a cross pattée.
The absence of the imperial title made think that the coin had been struck when Louis was king of Aquitaine (before the death of Charles the Great). However there are similar obols with out of Aquitain mints. The absence of the imperial title (as well as an abbreviated name Lvdovvic instead of Hlvdovvicvs) may be due to a lack of space.
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louis1-obole-bourges.JPG
D.180 Louis the Pious (obol, Bourges, class 2)6 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Bourges, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.64 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 8 h

O/ LVDO / VVIC
R/ +BITVRIGES; cross pattée


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louis1-denier-melle-circ.JPG
D.611 Louis the Pious (denier, Melle, class 2)33 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Denier (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 1.77 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 6 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obsverse is similar to the previous denier. The difference is that the mint name is around a cross pattée on the reverse. This type is scarer than the one with the mint name in the field. The presence of both types in a hoard shows that both date from the beginning of Louis' reign and belong to the same Class 2.
Grierson and Blackburn suggest that this difference is due to a misunderstanding of the mint instructions.
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louis1-obole-melle-circ.JPG
D.612var Louis the Pious (obol, Melle, class 2)32 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (Melle, class 2, 819-822)

Silver, 0.78 g, 15.5 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée
R/ +METALLVM; cross pattée

The obol of this type is simply a reduced size version but is identical to the related denier.

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louis1-denier-temple.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)50 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.56 g, 20.5 mm diameter, die axis 3 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS IMP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

The XPISTIANA should be read "χρISTIANA", nice mix of greek and latin letters.

This is the most common carolingian coin (Class 3 of Louis' coinage).
The obverse is the same as Class 2. However, the reverse is a signature of the alliance between the Carolingians and the Roman Church, which began with Louis' father (Charles the Great) and the systematic introduction of a cross on coins. Louis carried on...

There is no indication of the mint name on this coinage. This fact is generally interpreted as a reinforcement of the imperial autority. Many people tried to localize the precise location of mints. Simon Coupland proposed an attribution, using stylistic similarities to other coins of well known mints. Some cases are easy to attribute but not this one (maybe Quentovic or Verdun ?)...

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louis1-denier-temple-2.JPG
D.1179 Louis the Pious (denier, class 3)29 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 1.52 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 9 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée s with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Another example of temple denier with a different style, which suggests a different mint. The letters are cruder and the legend is slightly degenerated (retrograd S, MP instead of IMP for the title).
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louis1-obole-temple.JPG
D.1180 Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)9 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
"Temple" obol (unknown mint, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.69 g, 16 mm diameter, die axis 2 h

O/ +HLVDOVVICVS MP; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +PSTIΛNΛ REICIO; temple

This obol is a reduced version of the temple denier.
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louis1-obole-2xlegchret.JPG
D.abs Louis the Pious (obol, class 3)19 viewsLouis the Pious, king of the Franks and Holy Roman emperor (813-840)
Obol (unknown mint in the south-east of France?, class 3, 822-840)

Silver, 0.77 g, 15 mm diameter, die axis 5 h

O/ +PISTIΛNΛ PI; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +OPISTIΛNΛ PE; cross pattée

This obol may be due to a double reverse error because of the absence of the sovereign's name and the legend repetition on both sides. However several dies were used to strike this type (I could find 3 obverse and 3 reverse dies), one side always bears 4 pellets as the other does not. One of the reverse dies is associated to the more typical obverse legend +HLVDOVVICVS I. Consequently an error does not seem to be likely. Because of hoard localizations, these obols seem to come from a single mint, in the south-east of France (Lyon, Arles?).
1 commentsDroger
lothaire1-denier-leg-ch.JPG
D.1176 Lothar I (denier)7 viewsLothar I, Holy Roman emperor (840-855), king of Middle Francia (843-855) and Italy (818-855)
"Temple" denier (unknown mint, 84-855)

Silver, 1.09 g, 17-20 mm diameter, die axis 12 h

O/ +HLOTΛPIVS ΛGVS; cross pattée with 4 pellets
R/ +XPISTIANA RELIGIO; temple

Lothar I re-used the temple type, which had been made popular by his father Louis the Pious. However, it was minted by Lothar in much smaller quantities.
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gratien-silique-vrbs-roma-treves.JPG
RIC.46 Gratian (siliqua, Vrbs Roma)25 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (367-378 or 378-383, Treves mint)

silver, 16 mm diameter, 1.64 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VRBS-ROMA/TRPS in exergue; Roma seating on cuirass, head left, holding globe and spear
1 commentsDroger
gratien-gloria-novi-saeculi.JPG
RIC.15 Gratian (AE3, Gloria Novi Saecvli)24 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Nummus AE3: Gloria Novi Saecvli (371-376, Arles mint)

bronze, 18.5 mm diameter, 2,46 g, die axis: 12 h

A/ D N GRATIANVS AVGG AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ GLORIA NO-VI SAECVLI/TCON in exergue; emperor standing facing, head left, holding labarum in right hand and resting left on a shield

Ferrando II 1629 (C4)
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gratien-silique-virtvs-romanorvm-aq.JPG
RIC.28a Gratian (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)38 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (378-383, Aquilee mint)

silver, 18 mm diameter, 1.82 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM/AQPS in exergue; Roma seating on throne, head left holding globe and spear
3 commentsDroger
gratien-reparatio-reipvb-lyon.JPG
RIC.28a Gratian (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)15 viewsGratian, western roman emperor (367-383)
Maiorina AE2: Reparatio Reipvb (378-383, Lyon)

bronze, 22 mm diameter, 4.56 g, die axis: 12 h

A/ D N GRATIA-NVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO - REIPVB / LVG? in exergue; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand
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charles2-denier_orleans-porte.JPG
D.725 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 1c, Orléans)16 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
Denier with a gate (Orléans, class 1c, 840-864)

Silver, 1.26 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 5h

O/ +CΛRLVS REX FR; cross pattée with four pellets
R/ +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS; city gate with two pellets on sides

The gate motif goes back to Roman times and was used by early Carolingians (and Capetians later).
There is a small misprint on the reverse : +ΛVRE-LI-ΛINS instead +ΛVRE-LI-ΛNIS
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charles2-gdr-curtisasonien.JPG
D.375 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 2, Courcessin?)35 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877)
GDR denier (Courcessin?, class 2, 864-875)

Silver, 1.43 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +GRΛTIΛ D-I REX; carolingian monogram
R/ +I.CVRTISΛSONIEH; cross pattée

In 864, Charles the Bald promulgated the edict of Pîtres, huge reform whose aim was to protect the kingdom from Viking raids. It also reinforced royal authority on minting, and created a new type of deniers . The new coins could be only struck at 10 mints (Palace, Chalon sur Saône, Melle, Narbonne, Orléans, Paris, Quentovic, Reims, Rouen and Sens). This limitation had never been applied, more than 110 mints struck the new coinage. This can be understood as a lack of control of the central autority. However it seems that several mints shared dies... Grierson and Blackburn proposed that only 10 main mints produced dies and partially outsourced coinage production ?
On the obverse is written GRATIA D-I REX (GDR) around a carolingian monogram. The alliance with Roman Church goes on... The reverse already existed for Class 1, with the mint name around a cross pattée.
Class 2 of Charles' coinage is made of these GDR deniers.

The precise localization of the mint in Normandie (north of France) is still not clear. According to Grierson and Blackburn, Courti(s) Sasonien(sis) may come from some groups of Saxons settled in northern part of Gaul.
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charles2-denier-bourges-emp.JPG
D.198 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Bourges)27 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Bourges, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.47 g, 19 mm diameter, die axis 12h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP ΛVG; cross pattée
R/ +BITVRICES CIVIT; carolingian monogram

In 875, after the death of his nephew, the Emperor Louis II, Charles received the imperial crown.
The related coinage clearly shows the imperial title in a roman way, IMP AVG. This coinage may be undistinguishable from the one of Charles the Fat (885-887), when he assumed West Francia kingship (before being chased by Eudes, count of Paris and next king of the Franks).
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charles2-denier-toulouse-imp.JPG
D.1007 Charles II the Bald (denier, class 3, Toulouse)13 viewsCharles the Bald, king of the Franks (840-877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875-877)
Denier (Toulouse, class 2, 876-877)

Silver, 1.59 g, 20 mm diameter, die axis 7h

O/ +CΛRLVS IMP R- ; cross pattée
R/ +TOLOSΛ+CIVI ; CA / RL in the center

The presence of the name of the sovereign on the reverse is quite rare for carolingian coins. This is also the case for Toulouse deniers of Charles the Bald's Louis II (or grandson Louis III) with LV / DO.

This coinage is also sometimes attributed to Charles the Fat.
1 commentsDroger
valentinien2-reparatio-siscia.JPG
RIC.26b4 Valentinian II (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)20 viewsValentinian II, western roman emperor (375-392)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Reparatio Reipvb (383-388, Siscia mint)

bronze, 23 mm diameter, 5,76 g, die axis: 8 h,

A/ D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO-REIPVB / BSISC. in exergue; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand
Droger
valentinien2-salvs-reipvblicae-anta.JPG
RIC.67a1 Valentinian II (AE4, Salvs Reipvblicae)13 viewsValentinian II, western roman emperor (375-392)
Nummus AE4: Salvs Reipvblicae (383-392, Antioche, 1st officine)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.51 g, die axis: 6 h,

A/ D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SALVS REI-PVBLICAE / ANTA in exergue, chrisme in the field, Victory advancing left, holding trophy on
shoulder with right hand and dragging captive with left one
Droger
valentinien2-sil-virtvs-treves.JPG
RIC.67a1 Valentinian II (AE4, Salvs Reipvblicae)7 viewsValentinian II, western roman emperor (375-392)
Nummus AE4: Salvs Reipvblicae (383-392, Antioche, 1st officine)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.51 g, die axis: 6 h,

D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM / TRPS in exergue; Roma seating left on cuirass, holding globe and spear
Droger
magnus-maximus-silique-virtvs-treves.JPG
RIC.84b Magnus Maximus (siliqua, Virtvs Romanorvm)9 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Siliqua: Virtvs Romanorvm (383-388, Trčves mint)

silver 900‰, 18 mm diameter, 2.24 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N MAG MAX-IMVS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS RO-MANORVM / TRPS in exergue; Roma seated left on throne, holding Victory on globe and spear

Die breaking on the cheek
Droger
magnus-maximus-spes-romanorvm.JPG
RIC.29a Magnus Maximus (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)24 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Nummus AE4 : Spes Romanorvm (383-388, Arles mint)

bronze, 12 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 5 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / PCON; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets

RIC.29a
NBD.55515
Ferrando II 1677 (C2)
Droger
magnus-maximus-votvmvltx-LVGS.JPG
RIC.35 Magnus Maximus (AE4, Vot V Mvlt X)11 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Nummus AE4 : Vot V Mvlt X (383-388, Lyon mint)

bronze, 14 mm diameter, 1.72 g, die axis: 6 h,

A/ [D N MA]G MAXI-MVS P F AV[G]; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VOT / V/ MVLT / X / LVCS in exergue; in wreath
Droger
magnus-maximus-reparatio-arles.JPG
RIC.26a1 Magnus Maximus (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)16 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Reparatio Reipvb (383-388, Arles mint)

bronze, 23 mm diameter, 4.23 g, die axis: 5 h

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO-REIPVB / PCON in exergue, C in the field; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand

RIC.IX 26.a.1(C)
Ferrando II 1669 (C4)
Droger
magnus-maximus-reparatio-SCON.JPG
RIC.26a2 Magnus Maximus (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)10 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Reparatio Reipvb (383-388, Arles mint)

bronze, 21 mm diameter, 5.04 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO-REIPVB / SCON in exergue, C in the field; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand

RIC.IX 26.a.2(C)
Ferrando II 1670 (C4)
Droger
magnus-maximus-reparatio-lyon.JPG
RIC.32.(6 or 7) Magnus Maximus (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)17 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Reparatio Reipvb (383-388, Lyon mint)

bronze, 23 mm diameter, 3.95 g, die axis: 7 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO-REIPVB / LVG? in exergue, C in the field; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand

RIC.IX 32.(6 ou 7)(S)
Droger
magnus-maximus-reparatio-treves.JPG
RIC.85 Magnus Maximus (AE2, Reparatio Reipvb)14 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Reparatio Reipvb (383-388, Trčves mint)

bronze, 23 mm diameter, 5.23 g, die axis: 7 h,

A/ D N MAG MAX-IMVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ REPARATIO-REIPVB / SMTRP; emperor standing facing left, with right hand raising kneeled turreted woman, and holding Victory on globe in left hand

RIC.IX 85.1(S)
Droger
magnus-maximus-victoria.JPG
RIC.33 Magnus Maximus (AE2, Victoria Avg)19 viewsMagnus Maximus, usurpor (383-384), western roman emperor (384-388)
Maiorina pecunia AE2 : Victoria Avgg (383-388, Lyon mint)

bronze, 21 mm diameter, 4.41 g, die axis: 6 h,

A/ D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG; pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R/ VICTOR-IA AVGG / LVGP; emperor standing left, holding victory and standard

RIC.IX 33.1(S)
Droger
fl-victor-spes-romanorvm-smaqs.JPG
RIC.55b2 Flavius Victor (AE4, Spes Romanorvm)4 viewsFlavius Victor, usurpor, Cesar (384-387), western roman emperor (387-388)
Nummus AE4: Spes Romanorvm (387-388, Aquilea mint, 2ond officine)

Bronze, 12-13 mm diameter, 1.40 g, die axis: 1 h

A/ D N FL VIC-TOR P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ SPES RO-MA-NORVM / AQPS in exergue; open camp-gate with star between its two turrets
Droger
honorius-sil-votxmvltxv-milan.JPG
RIC.27b Honorius (Siliqua, Vot X Mvlt XV)7 viewsHonorius, western roman emperor (393-423)
Siliqua : Virtus exerciti (388-402, Milan mint)

silver, 16 mm diameter, 1.47 g, die axis: 7 h

A/ D N HONORI-VS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VOT / X / MVLT / XVL, MDPS in exergue; in wreath

RIC.IX 27b(R4) or RIC.X 1225(R3)
Droger
honorius-virtus-exerciti-cons.JPG
RIC.61? Honorius (AE3, Virtus Exerciti)17 viewsHonorius, western roman emperor (393-423)
Nummus AE3 : Virtus exerciti (395-401, Constantinople mint)

bronze, 18 mm diameter, 2,31 g, die axis: 12 h

A/ D N HONORI-VS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R/ VIRTVS-EXERCITI/CONSΓ in exergue; Emperor standing facing in military uniform, being crowned by Victory
Droger
lg004_quad_sm.jpg
"As de Nîmes" or "crocodile" Ӕ dupondius of Nemausus (9 - 3 BC), honoring Augustus and Agrippa33 viewsIMP DIVI F , Heads of Agrippa (left) and Augustus (right) back to back, Agrippa wearing rostral crown and Augustus the oak-wreath / COL NEM, crocodile right chained to palm-shoot with short dense fronds and tip right; two short palm offshoots left and right below, above on left a wreath with two long ties streaming right.

Ӕ, 24.5 x 3+ mm, 13.23g, die axis 3h; on both sides there are remains of what appears to be gold plating, perhaps it was a votive offering? Rough edges and slight scrapes on flan typical for this kind of coin, due to primitive technology (filing) of flan preparation.

IMPerator DIVI Filius. Mint of COLonia NEMausus (currently Nîmes, France). Known as "As de Nîmes", it is actually a dupontius (lit. "two-pounder") = 2 ases (sometimes cut in halves to get change). Dupondii were often made out of a golden-colored copper alloy (type of brass) "orichalcum" and this appears to be such case.

Key ID points: oak-wreath (microphotography shows that at least one leaf has a complicated shape, although distinguishing oak from laurel is very difficult) – earlier versions have Augustus bareheaded, no PP on obverse as in later versions, no NE ligature, palm with short fronds with tip right (later versions have tip left and sometimes long fronds). Not typical: no clear laurel wreath together with the rostral crown, gold (?) plating (!), both features really baffling.

But still clearly a "middle" kind of the croc dupondius, known as "type III": RIC I 158, RPC I 524, Sear 1730. It is often conservatively dated to 10 BC - 10 AD, but these days it is usually narrowed to 9/8 - 3 BC.

It is a commemorative issue, honoring the victory over Mark Antony and conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The heads of Augustus and Agrippa were probably positioned to remind familiar obverses of Roman republican coins with two-faced Janus. Palm branch was a common symbol of victory, in this case grown into a tree, like the victories of Augustus and Agrippa grown into the empire. The two offshoots at the bottom may mean two sons of Agrippa, Gaius and Lucius, who were supposed to be Augustus' heirs and were patrons of the colony. Palm may also be a symbol of the local Nemausian deity, which was probably worshiped in a sacred grove. When these coins were minted, the colony was mostly populated by the settled veterans of Augustus' campaigns, hence the reminiscence of the most famous victory, but some of the original Celtic culture probably survived and was assimilated by Romans. The crocodile is not only the symbol of Egypt, like in the famous Octavian's coins AEGYPTO CAPTA. It is also a representation of Mark Antony, powerful and scary both in water and on land, but a bit slow and stupid. The shape of the crocodile with tail up was specifically chosen to remind of the shape of ship on very common "legionary" denarius series, which Mark Antony minted to pay his armies just before Actium. It is probably also related to the popular contemporary caricature of Cleopatra, riding on and simultaneously copulating with a crocodile, holding a palm branch in her hand as if in triumph. There the crocodile also symbolized Mark Antony.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was born c. 64-62 BC somewhere in rural Italy. His family was of humble and plebeian origins, but rich, of equestrian rank. Agrippa was about the same age as Octavian, and the two were educated together and became close friends. He probably first served in Caesar's Spanish campaign of 46–45 BC. Caesar regarded him highly enough to send him with Octavius in 45 BC to train in Illyria. When Octavian returned to Rome after Caesar's assassination, Agrippa became his close lieutenant, performing many tasks. He probably started his political career in 43 BC as a tribune of the people and then a member of the Senate. Then he was one of the leading Octavian's generals, finally becoming THE leading general and admiral in the civil wars of the subsequent years.

In 38 as a governor of Transalpine Gaul Agrippa undertook an expedition to Germania, thus becoming the first Roman general since Julius Caesar to cross the Rhine. During this foray he helped the Germanic tribe of Ubii (who previously allied themselves with Caesar in 55 BC) to resettle on the west bank of the Rhine. A shrine was dedicated there, possibly to Divus Caesar whom Ubii fondly remembered, and the village became known as Ara Ubiorum, "Altar of Ubians". This quickly would become an important Roman settlement. Agrippina the Younger, Agrippa's granddaughter, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero, would be born there in 15 AD. In 50 AD she would sponsor this village to be upgraded to a colonia, and it would be renamed Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (colony of Claudius [at] the Altar of Agrippinians – Ubii renamed themselves as Agrippinians to honor the augusta!), abbreviated as CCAA, later to become the capital of new Roman province, Germania Inferior.

In 37 BC Octavian recalled Agrippa back to Rome and arranged for him to win the consular elections, he desperately needed help in naval warfare with Sextus Pompey, the youngest son of Pompey the Great, who styled himself as the last supporter of the republican cause, but in reality became a pirate king, an irony since his father was the one who virtually exterminated piracy in all the Roman waters. He forced humiliating armistice on the triumvirs in 39 BC and when Octavian renewed the hostilities a year later, defeated him in a decisive naval battle of Messina. New fleet had to be built and trained, and Agrippa was the man for the job. Agrippa's solution was creating a huge secret naval base he called Portus Iulius by connecting together lakes Avernus, Avernus and the natural inner and outer harbors behind Cape Misenum at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. He also created a larger type of ship and developed a new naval weapon: harpax – a ballista-launched grapnel shot with mechanisms that allowed pulling enemy ships close for easy boarding. It replaced the previous boarding device that Romans used since the First Punic War, corvus – effective, but extremely cumbersome. A later defence against it were scythe blades on long poles for cutting ropes, but since this invention was developed in secret, the enemy had no chance to prepare anything like it. It all has proved extremely effective: in a series of naval engagements Agrippa annihilated the fleet of Sextus, forced him to abandon his bases and run away. For this Agrippa was awarded an unprecedented honour that no Roman before or after him received: a rostral crown, "corona rostrata", a wreath decorated in front by a prow and beak of a ship.

That's why Virgil (Aeneid VIII, 683-684), describing Agrippa at Actium, says: "…belli insigne superbum, tempora navali fulgent rostrata corona." "…the proud military decoration, gleams on his brow the naval rostral crown". Actium, the decisive battle between forces of Octavian and Mark Antony, may appear boring compared to the war with Sextus, but it probably turned out this way due to Agrippa's victories in preliminary naval engagements and taking over all the strategy from Octavian.

In between the wars Agrippa has shown an unusual talent in city planning, not only constructing many new public buildings etc., but also greatly improving Rome's sanitation by doing a complete overhaul of all the aqueducts and sewers. Typically, it was Augustus who later would boast that "he had found the city of brick but left it of marble", forgetting that, just like in his naval successes, it was Agrippa who did most of the work. Agrippa had building programs in other Roman cities as well, a magnificent temple (currently known as Maison Carrée) survives in Nîmes itself, which was probably built by Agrippa.

Later relationship between Augustus and Agrippa seemed colder for a while, Agrippa seemed to even go into "exile", but modern historians agree that it was just a ploy: Augustus wanted others to think that Agrippa was his "rival" while in truth he was keeping a significant army far away from Rome, ready to come to the rescue in case Augustus' political machinations fail. It is confirmed by the fact that later Agrippa was recalled and given authority almost equal to Augustus himself, not to mention that he married Augustus' only biological child. The last years of Agrippa's life were spent governing the eastern provinces, were he won respect even of the Jews. He also restored Crimea to Roman Empire. His last service was starting the conquest of the upper Danube, were later the province of Pannonia would be. He suddenly died of illness in 12 BC, aged ~51.

Agrippa had several children through his three marriages. Through some of his children, Agrippa would become ancestor to many subsequent members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He has numerous other legacies.
Yurii P
rjb_2011_01_01~0.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 14a38 viewsDiocletianus
AE Follis
Obv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 14a
mauseus
rjb_2011_02_02.jpg
"Boulogne" (VI) 17b24 viewsGalerius as Caesar
AE Follis
Obv: C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
Laureate bust right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
-/-//-
Uncertain continental mint (Boulogne?) operating around the time of the British invasion
RIC (VI) Lyon 17b
mauseus
107-1a-NAC61.jpg
"C" Denarius, Crawford 107/1a - My favorite Coin26 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; Above, “C”; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruia(?)
Weight: 4.44 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1a
Provenance: NAC 61; 25-OCT-2011, Privately purchased by RBW from CNG in 1989


Comments: This is one of my favorite coins. It is not high grade, neither the obverse nor the reverse is well centered. The dioscuri are really just blobs, and this coin would be overlooked in any sale but the NAC 61 sale of RBW’s finest and rarest coins, perhaps the greatest Roman Republican auction of our generation. Nevertheless, the coin has a lovely tone and a style that is very characteristic of this issue which is quite rare.

Unique to this variety and the related staff issue, are the braided locks extending from the helmet to the hair binding. The stars are simple dots above the dioscuri, and ROMA is cut into the die with very large letters with a very fine line tool. There has been much speculation on the significance of the “C” insignia, but few with any real merit.
1 commentsSteve B5
107-1b-Naville-6-6-2015-wht.jpg
"C", larger head, Denarius, Crawford 107/1b17 viewsDenomination: Denarius
Era: c. 209-208 BC
Metal: AR
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma r. with splayed visor; “X” behind; Border of dots
Reverse: Dioscuri r.; above, “C” symbol; in linear frame, “ROMA”.
Mint: Etruria(?)
Weight: 4.32 gm.
Reference: Crawford 107/1b
Provenance: Naville auction, 7-MAY-2017

Comments:
This type with a “C” symbol is of the same fundamental style as the staff symbol 106/3c. presumably both issues from the same mint. The type is somewhat scarce, but the most common of the three other “C” sub-varieties.
Near complete on a large flan, GVF.
Steve B5
zeus_ram_beth.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH56 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 21 mm 7.36 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
1 commentslaney
antioch_ram_star_2_res.jpg
"STAR OF BETHLEHEM", ANTIOCH34 viewsSTRUCK 12-14 AD
AE 19.5 mm 6.58 g
O: LAUREATE HEAD OF ZEUS RIGHT
R: EPI SILANOU ANTIOCEWN
RAM LEAPING RIGHT, HEAD TURNED BEHIND, STAR ABOVE, DM BELOW (YEAR 44)
ANTIOCH, SYRIA (under the Romans, Legate Silanus)
RPC 4269, BMC Galatia 65 Scarce.
laney
trajan_sest_spqr_rescd.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN36 views98 - 117 AD
Struck 114 - 116 AD
AE Sestertius 33.5 mm; 26.73 g
O: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right
R: SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, S C across field, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopiae.
Rome. RIC II 672, BMCRE 1022; Cohen 352
laney
trajan_senatus_gr.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN60 views98 - 117 AD
AE 26.5 mm 11.82 g
O: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P - Radiate bust right, draped
R: SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S-C – Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia
Mint: Rome
RIC II, 674
1 commentslaney
trajan.jpg
(0098) TRAJAN29 views98-117 AD
struck 114-117 AD
AE Dupondius 27 mm, 10.84 g
O: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P Radiate and draped bust right
R: POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS S C Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
Rome mint; RIC 674
laney
hadrianserpent.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN47 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHODAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
hadrian_isis_egypt.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN40 views117-138 AD
(struck 133-134 AD)
Ć Drachm 34 mm 21.58 gm
O: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: Isis Pharia standing right, wearing chiton, peplos and headdress of horns, disk and plumes, billowing sail in both hands and under left foot, sistrum in right; I / L - H across lower fields (year 18)
Alexandria, Roman Egypt
SNG Cop. 384; BMC Alexandria p. 89, 754 var; Köln.1118
laney
hadrian_agath.jpg
(0117) HADRIAN38 views117 - 138 AD
Struck 138 AD
BILLON TETRADRACHM 12.78 g
O: HEAD OF HADRIAN, RIGHT
R: AGATHADAEMON SERPENT ERECT, RIGHT, WEARING SKHENT AND SUPPORTING A WINGED CADUCEUS IN ITS FOLD
MILNE 946 (year 4)
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
(ex Aegean Numismatics)
laney
a_pius_alexandria_res.jpg
(0138) ANTONINUS PIUS--ALEXANDRIA80 views138 - 161 AD
BI TETRADRACHM 24 mm 13.38 g
O: Laureate head right
R: Serapis standing l., head r., Cerberus at his feet
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 1428, Rare (R3/5); bust var. of Dattari 2364, BM 982, Cologne 1794.

1 commentslaney
philip_temple_res.jpg
(0244) PHILIP I37 views244 - 249 AD
AE 29 mm 17.01 g
O: AVTOK K M IOVL FILIPPOC CEB, laureate draped bust right (COUNTERMARKED)
R: ZEVG[MATEWN], tetrastyle temple (of Zeus?) with peribolos containing grove of trees, capricorn in ex.
Zeugma, Commagene. Roman Syria
laney
claud_ii_alexandria_res.jpg
(0268) CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS59 views268 - 270 AD
Struck Sept. 268 - Aug. 269 AD (year 1)
Billon Tetradrachm 22 mm 8.62 g
O: AVT K KΛAVΔIOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: Eagle standing R, looking back, holding wreath in beak, date AL (year 1) right;
Geissen 3015, Curtis 1670, BMC 2331
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
laney
tacitus_alexandria_res.jpg
(0275) TACITUS--ALEXANDRIA29 views275 - 276 AD
Potin Tetradrachm 21 mm 7.03 g
Obverse: A K KL TAKITOC CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: ETOYC-A (year 1)across fields, eagle standing left, head right, with wreath in its beak.
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
Milne 4502 / Dattari 551
laney
carinus_alexandria_res_a.jpg
(0283) CARINUS--ALEXANDRIA34 views283 - 285 AD
BI POTIN TETRADRACHM 19 mm 6.70 g
O: A K M A KAPINOC CEB laureate and cuirassed bust right
R: L-B around Elpis standing left holding flower and hem of skirt
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4007
laney
numerian_alexandria_res.jpg
(0283) NUMERIAN, AS CAESAR67 views283-284 AD
Billon Potin Tetradrachm 19.5 mm 7.78g
O: A K M A NOVMEPIANOC K C Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Numerian right
R: Dikaiosyne standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae; L-A (Year 1) in upper left field.
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN EGYPT
Reference: Dattari 5600, Emmett 4015
laney
diocletian_alexandria_res.jpg
(0284) DIOCLETIAN--ALEXANDRIA38 views284 - 305 AD
Struck 286/287 (Year 3)
AE TETRADRACHM 19.5x20.5 mm 8.10 g
O: AKG OVA DIOKLHTIANOC CEB Laureate, cuirassed bust right
R: eagle standing left, head turned right, wreath in beak, ETOYC and star left, "G" (year 3) right;
Alexandria, Roman Provincial Egypt
Emmett 4037; Curtis 1969; BMC 2532
laney
maximian_ii_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS32 views286-305, 307-308, and 310 AD
Struck 302 - 303 AD
AE Follis 27 mm 7.67 g
O: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera & cornucopia; G to right; TS in ex
Thessalonica RIC 23b
laney
maximianus_alexandria_b_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA32 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D
Struck 294/295 (Year 10)
AE TETRADRACHM 20.5 mm 6.44 g
O: MAXIMI_ANOC CEB Laureate, draped bust right, seen from behind
R: Nike flying right, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left over shoulder L / I across fields
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Emmett 4147; Milne 5181 var; Curtis 2105 var; BMC 2585 var

laney
maximinus_alexandria_a_res.jpg
(0286) MAXIMIANUS--ALEXANDRIA25 views286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.,
Billon tetradrachm 19.5 mm 7.55 g
O: "MAXIMIANO"C C"EB", laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: ENATOY L (year 9), Homonoia standing left, raising right, double cornucopia in left, star in right field
ALEXANDRIA, ROMAN PROVINCIAL EGYPT
Milne 5126; Dattari 5936; BMC Alexandria p. 330, 2567

laney
c_chlorus_genio_a.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I (CHLORUS)30 views293-305 (as Caesar)
305-306 AD
AE 27 mm 8.45 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVL ROMANI Genius standing left holding patera & cornucopia; ANT in exe
Antioch
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C_CHLORUS_GENIO_RES.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS44 views293 - 305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26.5 mm 8.0 g
O: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
LAUR CUIR BUST R
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,
Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; R in left field
GAMMA IN EXE.
ROME RIC 67a SCARCE
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constantius_chlorus_genio_res.jpg
(0293) CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS (as Caesar)31 views293-305 AD
AE FOLLIS 26 x 28.5 mm 7.45 g
Obv. CONSTANTIVS NOBIL C, Laureate head r.
Rev. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, r. holding patera, l. cornucopiae; B/STAR in fields, TR in exergue.
Treveri (Trier)

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galerius_genio.jpg
(0293) GALERIUS24 views293 - 305 AD (as Caesar)
305 - 311 AD (as Augustus)
struck 297 AD
AE 27.4 mm, 10.53 g
O: GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOBC CAES laureate head right
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Genius standing left holding poatera dn cornucopia, crescent over A at right; ANT in exe.
Antioch mint; RIC 49b
(ex-Forum)
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constantine_antioch_genio_resb.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar)48 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
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const_i_as_caes.jpg
(0306) CONSTANTINE I (as Caesar) 17 viewsstruck 306-307 AD
AE Follis 27.5 mm 8.22 g
O: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES, Laureate head right
R: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI; Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand,cornucopiae in left.
D (Officina) in right field
ANT in exergue, Antioch
Not listed in RIC
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SEVERUS_II_B.jpg
(0306) SEVERUS II27 views306 - 307 AD
struck 305/306 AD as Caesar
AE Quarter Follis
O: VL VAL SEVERVS NOB
LAUR HEAD R
R: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
GENIUS STANDING L, MODIUS ON NEAD, NAKED EXCEPT FOR CHLAMYS, HOLDING PATERA AND CORNUCOPIAE
SIS IN EXE
SISCIA
RIC VI 170a (RARE)
(ex P.Bulgerin)
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valens.jpg
(0364) VALENS66 views364 - 378 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.42 g
O: DN VALENS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R
R: GLOVIA ROMANORVM
VALENS ADVANCING R HOLDING CHI-RHO LABARUM AND DRAGGING CAPTIVE, */H IN R FIELD
DOT ASISG IN EXE
SISCIA
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valentinian_i_gloria_cyz_res.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I44 views364 - 375 AD
AE 18 mm; 2.31 g
O: D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG - Diademed, draped bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM - Valentinian, holding labarum, advancing right dragging captive by the hair; SMKA in exergue
Cyzicus mint
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valentinian_i.jpg
(0364) VALENTINIAN I--GLORIA (CAPTIVE)58 views364 - 375 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.70 g
O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
DIAD DR BUST R
R:GLORIA ROMANORVM
EMPEROR HOLDING CHI-RHO LABARUM AND DRAGGING CAPTIVE AT LEFT BY HAIR
DOT GSISC IN EXE
SISCIA
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GRATIAN_GLORIA_RES.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--GLORIA40 views367 - 383 AD
AE 17.5 X 18.5 mm 2.28 g
O: D N GRATIANVS PF AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor holding chi-rho labarum, dragging captive r., Z-*/A in fields, TES in exergue
THESSALONICA
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gratian_gloria_2_res.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--GLORIA59 views367 - 375 AD
AE 18.5 mm 2.28 g
O: DN GRATIANVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor advancing right, head turned back, holding labarum WITH CHI-RHO and dragging bound captive behind him; F to left, R above right hooked K to right; DSISCV?
SISCIA, cf. RIC 14c
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GRAT_GLORIA_SISC_RES.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--GLORIA36 views367 - 383 AD
AE 17.5 mm 2.35 g
O: D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, BUST RIGHT
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, GRATIAN WALKING R DRAGGING CAPTIVE AND HOLDING LABARUM, "N" IN L FIELD "*/R" IN RIGHT FIELD
SISCIA
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gratian_virt_res.jpg
(0367) GRATIAN--VIRTVS27 views367 - 383 AD
AE 18.5 mm 2.89 g
O: D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, DIADEMED DRAPED BUST RIGHT
R: VIRTVS ROMANORVM, ROMA SEATED FACING, HEAD LEFT, HOLDING GLOBE & SCEPTER
SMNA IN EXE.
NICOMEDIA
RIC IX 33 (RARE)
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valentinian_ii_b.jpg
(0375) VALENTINIAN II--GLORIA (GALLEY)83 views370 - 392 AD
AE 23 mm 5.37 g
O: DN VALENTINIANVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R IN CRESTED HELMET, HOLDING SPEAR & SHIELD
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM
EMPEROR STANDING L ON PRO OF GALLEY BEING STEERED BY VICTORY, DOT IN L FIELD
SMNB IN EXE
NICOMEDIA
RIC IX Nicomedia 25b-5

3 commentslaney
theod_galleyb.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I21 views379 - 395 AD
struck 383-388 AD
AE 21.5 mm max., 4.06 g
O: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG - Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM - Theodosius standing on a galley, with Victory at the helm, wreath in left field
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theod_gloria.jpg
(0379) THEODOSIUS I19 views379 - 395 AD
AE 21 mm' 4.15 g
O: D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right;
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing holding long scepter in right and globe in left
Heraclea mint
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arcadius.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS46 views383 - 408 AD
Struck 383 - 388 AD
AE 23 mm 4.71 g
O: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG
DIAD DR CUIR BUST R HOLDING SPEAR, CROWNED BY HAND OF GOD ABOVE
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM
ARCADIUS STANDING FACING, HEAD L, HOLDING CHI-RHO STANDARD & SHIELED, CAPTIVE TO LEFT
SMNB IN EXE
NICOMEDIA
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arcadius_gloria_10_07.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS35 views383 - 408 AD
AE 22 mm max. 4.44 g
O: D N ARCADI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA-ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing holding labarum
in right hand and globe in left.
SMK Gamma in exe
Cyzicus
RIC IX Cyzicus 27b
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arcadi_glor_11_res.jpg
(0383) ARCADIUS15 views383 - 408
struck 392-395 AD
AE 22.5 mm max; 5.01 g
O: D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right
R: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head right holding labarum & globe; star to right; SMHA in ex.
Heraclea mint; RIC IX 27b
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constans_ii_follis_blk.jpg
(0641) CONSTANS II17 views641 - 668 AD
AE Follis 20 mm max, 3.12 g
O: Constans II standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger
R: ANA to left of large M, NEOS to right; cross above M; uncertain officina (A or D) below; Roman numerals in exe.
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LEO_VI.jpg
(0886) LEO VI (The Wise)36 views886 - 912 AD
AE FOLLIS 25 mm 6.69 g
O: + LЄOn ЬAS ILЄ[V]S ROm
BUST FACING, WITH SHORT BEARD, WEARING CROWN & CHALMYS
R +LЄOn/Єn ӨЄO ЬA/SILЄVS R/OmЄOn IN FOUR LINES ( Leo by the grace of God king of the Romans )
CONSTANTINOPLE
SBV 1729 - DO8
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romanus_i_const_vii.jpg
(0920) CONSTANTINE VII and ROMANUS I LECAPENUS19 views920 - 944 AD
AE 23 mm, 4.99 g
O: Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jewelled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right
R: Legend in four lines
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CONSTANTINE_VII.jpg
(0945) CONSTANTINE VII AND ROMANUS II30 viewsApr 945 - Nov 959 AD
AE FOLLIS 26 mm 5.77 g
(double strike on rev.)
O: +COnST bASIL ROM
CONSTINE VII FACING, BEARDED, WEARING MODIFIED LOROS AND CROWN WITH CROSS, GLOBUS CRUCIGER IN L HAND, AKAKIA IN R HAND
R: + COnSt/EnThEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn
DOC 26; SEAR 1761
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romanus_iv_1.jpg
(1068) ROMANUS IV DIOGENES35 views1068 - 1071 AD
AE Follis 26.5 mm 3.42 g
o: Bust of Christ facing
R: C-R/P-Delta in quarters of cross, pellets at ends
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romanus_iv_2.jpg
(1068) ROMANUS IV DIOGENES21 views1068 - 1071 AD
AE Follis 27 mm 4.08 g
o: Bust of Christ facing
R: C-R/P-Delta in quarters of cross, pellets at ends
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Janus119BCCrawford281_1.jpg
(500a) Roman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 1881 viewsRoman Republic, 119 BC, M. Furius Philius - Furia 18. Crawford 281/1, Sydenham 529; 19mm, 3.23 grams. aVF, Rome; Obverse: laureate head of Janus, M FORVRI L F around; Reverse: Roma standing left erecting trophy, Galic arms around, PHLI in exergue. Ex Ephesus Numismatics.

Gauis Marius
As a novus homo, or new man, Marius found the rise in the Roman cursus honorum ( "course of honours"-- the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in the Roman Republic) a daunting challenge. It is certain that he used his old family client contacts and his military relations as a source of support. Among these contacts were the powerful Metelli family, and their early support was to prove to be a disaster for them. Just a few short years after his service as Quaestor, Marius was elected Tribune of the Plebes in 119 BC. In this position so soon after the political turmoil and murder of the Gracchi brothers (Gaius murdered 123 BC), Marius chose to follow the populares path, making a name for himself under similar auspices. As Tribune, he would ensure the animosity of the conservative faction of the Senate, and the Metelli, by passing popular laws forbidding the inspection of ballot boxes. In do doing, he directly opposed the powerful elite, who used ballot inspection as a way to intimidate voters in the citizen assembly elections.

Marius would go on to be elected Consul seven times and figure prominantly in the civil unrest of the early eighties as Lucius Cornelius Sulla's opponent. In 88 BC, Sulla had been elected Consul. There was now a choice before the Senate about which general to send to Asia (a potentially lucrative command): either Marius or Sulla. The Senate chose Sulla, but soon the Assembly appointed Marius. In this unsavory episode of low politics, Marius had been helped by the unscrupulous actions of Publius Sulpicius Rufus, whose debts Marius had promised to erase. Sulla refused to acknowledge the validity of the Assembly's action.

Sulla left Rome and traveled to "his"army waiting in Nola, the army the Senate had asked him to lead to Asia. Sulla urged his legions to defy the Assembly's orders and accept him as their rightful leader. Sulla was successful, and the legions murdered the representatives from the Assembly. Sulla then commanded six legions to march with him opon Rome and institute a civil war.

This was a momentous event, and was unforeseen by Marius, as no Roman army had ever marched upon Rome—it was forbidden by law and ancient tradition.

Sulla was to eventually rule Rome as Dictator. In his book Rubicon, historian Tom Holland argues that Sulla's actions had no lasting negative effect upon the health of the Republic, that Sulla was at heart a Republican. However, once a Roman general has defied Republican tradition, once a Roman general has used his command to combat fellow Romans, once a Roman general has set-up himself as Dictator--it follows that the decision to replicate these decsions (think: Caesar and Rubicon) is that much more easiely taken.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.





Cleisthenes
P.Licinius Nerva voting.jpg
(500a113) Roman Republic, P. Licinius Nerva, 113-112 B.C.86 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC: P. Licinius Nerva. AR denarius (3.93 gm). Rome, ca. 113-112 BC. Helmeted bust of Roma left, holding spear over right shoulder and shield on left arm, crescent above, * before, ROMA behind / P. NERVA, voting scene showing two citizens casting their ballots in the Comitium, one receiving a ballot from an attendant, the other dropping his ballot into a vessel at right. Crawford 292/1. RSC Licinia 7. RCTV 169. Nearly very fine. Ex Freeman and Sear.

Here is a denarius whose reverse device is one that celebrates the privilege and responsibility that is the foundation of a democratic society; it is a forerunner to the L. Cassius Longinus denarius of 63 B.C. Granted, humanity had a long road ahead toward egalitarianism when this coin was struck, but isn't it an interesting testimony to civil liberty's heritage? "The voter on the left (reverse) receives his voting tablet from an election officer. Horizontal lines in the background indicate the barrier separating every voting division from the others. Both voters go across narrow raised walks (pontes); this is intended to ensure that the voter is seen to cast his vote without influence" (Meier, Christian. Caesar: A Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 12). This significant coin precedes the Longinus denarius by 50 years.

J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
2 commentsCleisthenes
Denarius91BC.jpg
(501i) Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.58 viewsSilver denarius, Syd 646a, RSC Junia 16, S 225 var, Cr 337/3 var, VF, 3.718g, 18.6mm, 0o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, X (control letter) behind; reverse Victory in a biga right holding reins in both hands, V (control numeral) above, D•SILANVS / ROMA in ex; mint luster in recesses. Ex FORVM.

Although the coin itself does not commemorate the event, the date this coin was struck is historically significant.

MARCUS Livius DRUSUS (his father was the colleague of Gaius Gracchus in the tribuneship, 122 B.C.), became tribune of the people in 91 B.C. He was a thoroughgoing conservative, wealthy and generous, and a man of high integrity. With some of the more intelligent members of his party (such as Marcus Scaurus and L. Licinius Crassus the orator) he recognized the need of reform. At that time an agitation was going on for the transfer of the judicial functions from the equites to the senate; Drusus proposed as a compromise a measure which restored to the senate the office of judices, while its numbers were doubled by the admission of 300 equites. Further, a special commission was to be appointed to try and sentence all judices guilty of taking bribes.

The senate was hesitant; and the equites, whose occupation was threatened, offered the most violent opposition. In order, therefore, to catch the popular votes, Drusus proposed the establishment of colonies in Italy and Sicily, and an increased distribution of corn at a reduced rate. By help of these riders the bill was carried.

Drusus now sought a closer alliance with the Italians, promising them the long coveted boon of the Roman franchise. The senate broke out into open opposition. His laws were abrogated as informal, and each party armed its adherents for the civil struggle which was now inevitable. Drusus was stabbed one evening as he was returning home. His assassin was never discovered (http://62.1911encyclopedia.org/D/DR/DRUSUS_MARCUS_LIVIUS.htm).

The ensuing "Social War" (91-88 B.C.) would set the stage for the "Civil Wars" (88-87 & 82-81 B.C.) featuring, notably, Marius & Sulla; two men who would make significant impressions on the mind of a young Julius Caesar. Caesar would cross the Rubicon not thirty years later.

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
LPisoFrugiDenarius_S235.jpg
(502a) Roman Republic, L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, 90 B.C.157 viewsSilver denarius, S 235, Calpurnia 11, Crawford 340/1, Syd 663a, VF, rainbow toning, Rome mint, 3.772g, 18.5mm, 180o, 90 B.C. obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, scorpion behind; Reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, L PISO FRVGI and control number CXI below; ex-CNA XV 6/5/91, #443. Ex FORVM.


A portion of the following text is a passage taken from the excellent article “The Calpurnii and Roman Family History: An Analysis of the Piso Frugi Coin in the Joel Handshu Collection at the College of Charleston,” by Chance W. Cook:

In the Roman world, particularly prior to the inception of the principate, moneyers were allotted a high degree of latitude to mint their coins as they saw fit. The tres viri monetales, the three men in charge of minting coins, who served one-year terms, often emblazoned their coins with an incredible variety of images and inscriptions reflecting the grandeur, history, and religion of Rome. Yet also prominent are references to personal or familial accomplishments; in this manner coins were also a means by which the tres viri monetales could honor their forbearers. Most obvious from an analysis of the Piso Frugi denarius is the respect and admiration that Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who minted the coin, had for his ancestors. For the images he selected for his dies relate directly to the lofty deeds performed by his Calpurnii forbearers in the century prior to his term as moneyer. The Calpurnii were present at many of the watershed events in the late Republic and had long distinguished themselves in serving the state, becoming an influential and well-respected family whose defense of traditional Roman values cannot be doubted.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi, who was moneyer in 90 B.C., depicted Apollo on the obverse and the galloping horseman on the reverse, as does his son Gaius. However, all of L. Piso Frugi’s coins have lettering similar to “L-PISO-FRVGI” on the reverse, quite disparate from his son Gaius’ derivations of “C-PISO-L-F-FRV.”

Moreover, C. Piso Frugi coins are noted as possessing “superior workmanship” to those produced by L. Piso Frugi.

The Frugi cognomen, which became hereditary, was first given to L. Calpurnius Piso, consul in 133 B.C., for his integrity and overall moral virtue. Cicero is noted as saying that frugal men possessed the three cardinal Stoic virtues of bravery, justice, and wisdom; indeed in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, a synonym of frugalitas is bonus, generically meaning “good” but also implying virtuous behavior. Gary Forsythe notes that Cicero would sometimes invoke L. Calpurnius Piso’s name at the beginning of speeches as “a paragon of moral rectitude” for his audience.

L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi’s inclusion of the laureled head of Apollo, essentially the same obverse die used by his son Gaius (c. 67 B.C.), was due to his family’s important role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares, the Games of Apollo, which were first instituted in 212 B.C. at the height of Hannibal’s invasion of Italy during the Second Punic War. By that time, Hannibal had crushed Roman armies at Cannae, seized Tarentum and was invading Campania.

Games had been used throughout Roman history as a means of allaying the fears
of the populace and distracting them from issues at hand; the Ludi Apollinares were no different. Forsythe follows the traditional interpretation that in 211 B.C., when C. Calpurnius Piso was praetor, he became the chief magistrate in Rome while both consuls were absent and the three other praetors were sent on military expeditions against Hannibal.

At this juncture, he put forth a motion in the Senate to make the Ludi Apollinares a yearly event, which was passed; the Ludi Apollinares did indeed become an important festival, eventually spanning eight days in the later Republic. However, this interpretation is debatable; H.H. Scullard suggests that the games were not made permanent until 208 B.C. after a severe plague prompted the Senate to make them a fixture on the calendar. The Senators believed Apollo would serve as a “healing god” for the people of Rome.

Nonetheless, the Calpurnii obviously believed their ancestor had played an integral role in the establishment of the Ludi Apollinares and thus prominently displayed
the head or bust of Apollo on the obverse of the coins they minted.

The meaning of the galloping horseman found on the reverse of the L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi coin is more complicated. It is possible that this is yet another reference to the Ludi Apollinares. Chariot races in the Circus Maximus were a major component of the games, along with animal hunts and theatrical performances.

A more intriguing possibility is that the horseman is a reference to C. Calpurnius Piso, son of the Calpurnius Piso who is said to have founded the Ludi Apollinares. This C. Calpurnius Piso was given a military command in 186 B.C. to quell a revolt in Spain. He was victorious, restoring order to the province and also gaining significant wealth in the process.

Upon his return to Rome in 184, he was granted a triumph by the Senate and eventually erected an arch on the Capitoline Hill celebrating his victory. Of course
the arch prominently displayed the Calpurnius name. Piso, however, was not an infantry commander; he led the cavalry.

The difficulty in accepting C. Calpurnius Piso’s victory in Spain as the impetus for the galloping horseman image is that not all of C. Piso Frugi’s coins depict the horseman or cavalryman carrying the palm, which is a symbol of victory. One is inclined to believe that the victory palm would be prominent in all of the coins minted by C. Piso Frugi (the son of L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi) if it indeed signified the great triumph of C. Calpurnius Piso in 186 B.C. Yet the palm’s appearance is clearly not a direct reference to military feats of C. Piso Frugi’s day. As noted, it is accepted that his coins were minted in 67 B.C.; in that year, the major victory by Roman forces was Pompey’s swift defeat of the pirates throughout the Mediterranean.

Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston. Volume 1, 2002: pp. 1-10© 2002 by the College of Charleston, Charleston SC 29424, USA.All rights to be retained by the author.
http://www.cofc.edu/chrestomathy/vol1/cook.pdf


There are six (debatably seven) prominent Romans who have been known to posterity as Lucius Calpurnius Piso:

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: (d. 261 A.D.) a Roman usurper, whose existence is
questionable, based on the unreliable Historia Augusta.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus: deputy Roman Emperor, 10 January 69 to15 January
69, appointed by Galba.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 27 A.D.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 1 B.C., augur

Lucius Calpurnius Piso: Consul in 15 B.C., pontifex

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus: Consul in 58 B.C. (the uncle of Julius Caesar)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Moneyer in 90 B.C. (our man)


All but one (or two--if you believe in the existence of "Frugi the usurper" ca. 261 A.D.) of these gentlemen lack the Frugi cognomen, indicating they are not from the same direct lineage as our moneyer, though all are Calpurnii.

Calpurnius Piso Frugi's massive issue was intended to support the war against the Marsic Confederation. The type has numerous variations and control marks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Calpurnius_Piso
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/indexfrm.asp?vpar=55&pos=0

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.


2 commentsCleisthenes
CnCorneliusLentulusMarcellinusARDenariusSear323.jpg
(503f) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius87 viewsCn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Silver Denarius, Sear-323, Cr-393/1a, Syd-752, RSC-Cornelia 54, struck 76-75 BC at Spanish Mint, 3.94 grams, 18 mm. EF. Obverse: GPR above Diademed, draped and bearded bust of the Genius of the Roman People facing right, sceptre over shoulder; Reverse: EX in left field, SC in right field; CN LEN Q in exergue, Sceptre with wreath, terrestrial globe and rudder. An exceptional example that is especially well centered and struck on a slightly larger flan than normally encountered with fully lustrous surfaces and a most attractive irridescent antique toning. Held back from the Superb EF/FDC by a small banker's mark in the right obverse field, but still worthy of the finest collection of Roman Republican denarii. Ex Glenn Woods.

Re: CORNELIA 54:

“Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus may be the same moneyer whose issues have been already described (no.s 702-704). Mommsen suggested that these coins were struck in 74 B.C. as a special issue, authorized by the Senate, to defray the cost of armaments against Mithridates of Pontus and the Mediterranean pirates. But Grueber’s view that they were struck in 76 B.C. by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus acting in the capacity of quaestor of Pompey, seems more in accordance with the evidence of finds" (see: G. ii, p. 359n and The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 1).

H. A. Seaby shows the coin with the smaller head (Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus pg. 33) while David R Sear shows a coin sporting a larger version (Roman Coins and Their Values, pg. 132).

“Cn. Lentulus strikes in Spain in his capacity as quaestor to the proconsul Pompey, who had been sent to the peninsula to assist Q. Caecillus Metellus Piusagainst sertorius”(Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132).

This is not an imperatorial minted coin for Pompey. At the time these coins were minted the Procounsel Pompey was sent to Spain to aid in the war against Sertorius. The moneyer Cn Lentulus served as his Quaestor where he continued to mint coins for Rome.

CN = Cneaus; LEN = Lentulus

Cneaus was his first name. His last, or family name is Lentulus and this clan is a lesser clan within the Cornelii, which is what his middle name of Cornelius implies.

Q = This tells us that he was a Quaestor, or Roman magistrate with judicial powers at the time when the coin was issued, with the responsibility for the treasury. Had this been a position that he once held it would be noted on the coin as PROQ or pro [past] Questor.

For Further Reading on the Cornelia 54 & 55:

Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, by H. A. Grueber. London, 1910, Vol. II, pgs. 358, 359, 52, 57

Roman Silver Coins Vol. I, Republic to Augustus, by H.A.Seaby 1952, pgs. 32-33

The Coinage of the Roman Republic, by Edward A. Sydenham, 1976, pgs. 122, 241

Roman Coins and Their Values, by David Sear, Vol.1, 2000, pg. 132, 133

Roman Republican Coinage Volume I by Michael H. Crawford 2001, pg. 407

by Jerry Edward Cornelius, April 2006, THE 81 ROMAN COINS OF THE CORNELIA
http://www.cornelius93.com/Cornelia54.html
1 commentsCleisthenes
LonginusDenarius.jpg
(504c) Roman Republic, L. Cassius Longinus, 63 B.C.68 viewsSilver denarius, Crawford 413/1, RSC I Cassia 10, SRCV I 364, aVF, struck with worn dies, Rome mint, weight 3.867g, maximum diameter 20.3mm, die axis 0o, c. 63 B.C. Obverse: veiled bust of Vesta left, kylix behind, L before; Reverse: LONGIN III V, voter standing left, dropping tablet inscribed V into a cista.

The reverse of this Longinus denarius captures a fascinating moment when a Roman citizen casts his ballot. "The abbreviation III V [ir] indentifies Longinus as one of the three annually appointed mintmasters (officially called tres viri aere argento auro flando feriundo). A citizen is seen casting his vote into the urn. On the ballot is the letter 'U', short for uti rogas, a conventional formula indicating assent to a motion. The picture alludes to the law, requested by an ancestor of the mintmaster, which introduced the secret ballot in most proceedings of the popular court" (Meier, Christian. Caesar, a Biography. Berlin: Severin and Siedler, 1982. Plate 6).

The date that this denarius was struck possesses unique significance for another reason. Marcus Tullius Cicero (politician, philosopher, orator, humanist) was elected consul for the year 63 BC -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. A "new man," Cicero was not the descendant of a "patrician" family, nor was his family wealthy (although Cicero married "well"). Cicero literally made himself the man he was by the power of the words he spoke and the way in which he spoke them. A witness to and major player during the decline of the Roman Republic, Cicero was murdered in 43 BC by thugs working for Marc Antony. But Cicero proved impossible to efface.

Cicero's words became part of the bed rock of later Roman education. As Peter Heather notes, every educated young man in the late Roman Empire studied "a small number of literary texts under the guidance of an expert in language and literary interpretation, the grammarian. This occupied the individual for seven or more years from about the age of eight, and concentrated on just four authors: Vergil, Cicero, Sallust and Terence" (Heather, Peter. The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 17).


Plutarch: Cicero's Death

But in the meantime the assassins were come with a band of soldiers, Herennius, a centurion, and Popillius, a tribune, whom Cicero had formerly defended when prosecuted for the murder of his father. Finding the doors shut, they broke them open, and Cicero not appearing, and those within saying they knew not where he was, it is stated that a youth, who had been educated by Cicero in the liberal arts and sciences, an emancipated slave of his brother Quintus, Philologus by name, informed the tribune that the litter was on its way to the sea through the close and shady walks. The tribune, taking a few with him, ran to the place where he was to come out. And Cicero, perceiving Herennius running in the walks, commanded his servants to set down the litter; and stroking his chin, as he used to do, with his left hand, he looked steadfastly upon his murderers, his person covered with dust, his beard and hair untrimmed, and his face worn with his troubles. So that the greatest part of those that stood by covered their faces whilst Herennius slew him. And thus was he murdered, stretching forth his neck out of the litter, being now in his sixty-fourth year. Herennius cut off his head, and, by Antony's command, his hands also, by which his Philippics were written; for so Cicero styled those orations he wrote against Antony, and so they are called to this day.

When these members of Cicero were brought to Rome, Antony was holding an assembly for the choice of public officers; and when he heard it, and saw them, he cried out, "Now let there be an end of our proscriptions." He commanded his head and hands to be fastened up over the rostra, where the orators spoke; a sight which the Roman people shuddered to behold, and they believed they saw there, not the face of Cicero, but the image of Antony's own soul. And yet amidst these actions he did justice in one thing, by delivering up Philologus to Pomponia, the wife of Quintus; who, having got his body into her power, besides other grievous punishments, made him cut off his own flesh by pieces, and roast and eat it; for so some writers have related. But Tiro, Cicero's emancipated slave, has not so much as mentioned the treachery of Philologus.

Translation by John Dryden: http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/moord_cicero_plu.html

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
Cleisthenes
rjb_dio_06_09.jpg
(VI) 6a17 viewsDiocletian
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6a
mauseus
rjb_2011_03_05.jpg
(VI) 6a imitation20 viewsDiocletian
IM DIOCLETIANVS P AG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6a imitation
mauseus
rjb_lon_6_17_08_06.jpg
(VI) 6b26 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 6b
mauseus
rjb_lon_30_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1454 viewsConstantius I
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 14
1 commentsmauseus
rjb_max_lon_04_06.jpg
(VI) 1538 viewsGalerius
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 15
mauseus
rjb_lon10_05_06.jpg
(VI) 1621 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 16
mauseus
rjb_lon_06_09.jpg
(VI) 1713 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 17
mauseus
rjb_09_07_09.jpg
(VI) 1712 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 17
mauseus
rjb_lon1_05_06.jpg
(VI) 17cf imitation26 viewsMaximianus I
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) - (cf17-19) imitation
mauseus
rjb_06_07_09.jpg
(VI) 37a14 viewsConstantius I
CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Laureate and cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 37a
mauseus
rjb_lond2_01_09.jpg
(VI) 42 imitation19 viewsMaximianus I
IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
Genius standing left
RIC (VI) 42 imitation
mauseus
Maximianus.jpg
*SOLD*37 viewsMaximian Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 31b, Ticinum
Date: AD 296-297
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust r.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on head, naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, holding patera r. and cornucopiae l., star in l. field, ST in exergue
Size: 26 mm
Weight: 9.94 grams
2 commentsNoah
Diocletian.jpg
*SOLD*38 viewsDiocletian AE Follis

Attribution: RIC VI 19a, Thessalonica
Date: 298-299 AD
Obverse: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG, laureate bust l.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on head, with patera & cornucopia, TSA in exergue
Size: 26.8 mm
Weight: 8.98 grams
1 commentsNoah
Constantius_I_Chlorus.jpg
*SOLD*18 viewsConstantius I Chlorus AE follis

Attribution: RIC VI 213a, Trier
Date: AD 296-297
Obverse: CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head r.
Reverse: GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius stg. l. holding patera and cornucopiae, “A” in
l. field, Γ in r. field, TR in exergue
Size: 25 mm
Weight: 8.4 grams
ex-Forvm
Noah
Roman_Gilded.jpg
*SOLD*21 viewsRoman Decorative Artifacts

Date: circa 1st-3rd centuries AD
Description: These decorative pieces still retain much of their original "bling." Two possess their original gilding and one has some enameled glass intact. They were brooches, aesthetic mounts, or some other form of adornment. All-in-all, they would have been prized pieces.
Noah
theodosiusHeraclea.JPG
-Theodosius II AE3. Heraclea26 viewsTheodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D. Bronze AE 3, RIC X 398, VF, Heraclea mint, 13mm, 408 - 423 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, star behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Theodosius II and Honorius standing facing. SMHA in ex; scarce type.ancientone
001_vespasian_tet_14_8grams_feb-01-feb-02-2012_o-r.JPG
0 - a - Vespasian Silver Tetradrachm - 14.8 Grams - Antioch, Syria.74 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Antioch, Syria.
Silver Tetradrachm of Emperor Vespasian ( 69 - 79 AD )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of the Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle, holding a laureate wreath in his beak, standing on club of Hercules facing left, palm branch to left in field.

Size: 28 - 29 mm
Weight: 14.8 Grams.
--
----
--
~*~ CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE ~*~
~~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
ant-pius_didrachm_5_9gr_o-r.jpg
0 - Antoninus Pius Silver Didrachm of Caearea, Cappadocia - Pietas standing w/ Altar32 views~
~~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius ( 138 - 161 AD )
Silver Didrachm (two drachmai) of Caesarea, Cappadocia.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare headed bust of Antoninus Pius facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from Behind.
rev: Pietas, unveiled, standing left, raising right hand over lighted altar and holding open box in left hand.

Weight: 5.9 Grams.
~~~
*~!CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE - VERY LARGE PHOTO!~*
-----
-----
~ VERY RARE COIN ~
~~~
~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs59 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
---
-----
---
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
tyre-phoenicia_tetradrachm_caracalla_13_79grams_murex-shell_obv_02_rev_03_95%.JPG
0 - Caracalla #00 Tetradrachm - Tyre, Phoenicia - Murex Shell between Eagle's legs - 0159 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, Tyre, Phoenicia.
Struck 213 - 217 A.D. - Tyre Mint (Murex Shell between Eagle's legs as mintmark)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor right, cuirassed. Seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on club facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs

Weight: 13.79 Grams
Diameter 26.4 mm
--
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrian_purple
-----
---
ex: Forvm Ancient Coins
-
~ RARE COIN ~
--
-
3 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_small-flan-crack_sphinx_01.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #141 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
------
Ex Sphinx Numismatics
---
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07249_DSC07252_o_r_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #1.25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
~Flan crack @ 2 o'clock obverse/ 10 o'clock reverse~
------
Ex Sphinx Numismatics
3 commentsrexesq
DSC07242_DSC07243_o-96%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #1. 26 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 -217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #1
Fourth group, 214-217 AD, First Issue, no 'Delta E' on rev.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.0 Grams,
Diameter: 27mm.
~Flan crack @ 2 o'clock obverse/ 10 o'clock reverse~
------
Ex Sphinx Numismatics
5 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_14_5grams_obv_02_rev_02_90%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #223 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla ( 198 - 217 A.D. )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #2

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of the Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

14.5 grams
2 commentsrexesq
caracalla_tet_antioch_14_5grams_obv_05_rev_03.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #2.19 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla ( 198 - 217 A.D. )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #2

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of the Emperor right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

14.5 grams
rexesq
caracalla_tet_13_48gr_00.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #318 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07225_DSC07236_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #311 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
1 commentsrexesq
DSC07228_DSC07232_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #311 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07264_DSC07273_01.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #39 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
rexesq
DSC07230.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .7 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
---------------------------------------------------
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
---------------------------------------------------
rexesq
DSC07227.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .7 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
---------------------------------------------------
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
---------------------------------------------------
rexesq
DSC07228.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #3 .13 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 13.48 Grams
Size: 30 mm x 28 mm
---------------------------------------------------
Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217) Antioch, Syria Silver Tetradrachm #3 with USA Quarter Dollar (25 cent piece) for size comparison
---------------------------------------------------
rexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_50%.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #438 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.

Weight: 13.0 Grams
Size: 28 mm
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*Note: Wonderful portrait of the emperor on the obverse and the eagle on the reverse, I am very proud of this coin.
4 commentsrexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_o.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #434 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.
13.0 Grams

-FULLSIZE-
(Click to Enlarge)
rexesq
caracalla_ar-tet_12_9gr_sara-mizrahi_BIN_185_r.jpg
0 - Caracalla - Antioch, Syria Tetradrachm #4.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #4

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head of Emperor facing right.
rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, tail left, holding wreath in beak. Prow of ship between legs.
13.0 Grams

-FULLSIZE-
(Click to Enlarge)
rexesq
__1.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Tetradrachm #515 viewsRoman Empire
AR Tetradrachm. Emperor Caracalla (212 - 217 AD)

obv: Laureate head of Emperor, right.
rev: Eagle, spread wings, facing left with wreath in beak. Something between legs.
rexesq
__3_(1)~0.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Tetradrachm #64 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.

Weight: 12.98 / 13.0 grams
rexesq
__3.JPG
0 - Caracalla - Tetradrachm #6.31 views Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (198 - 217 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. - #3

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right.
rev: Eagle standing on leg and thigh of sacrificial animal. Head right, tail right, wings spread, holding wreath in beak.
Delta and Epsilon in fields to either side of eagles' head, above wings.
-Weight: 12.98 / 13.0 grams-
1 commentsrexesq
hadrian_tet_o-r.JPG
0 - Hadrian Silver Tetradrachm41 views-
--
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm, 118 AD.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor Hadrian facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from the Front.
rev: Eagle, head left, body facing right, standing on thigh of sacrificial animal. Nothing in beak.

Weight: 14.1 Grams
Size: 28 mm x 27 mm

(Reference: Prieur 155a)
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--
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3 commentsrexesq
Diadumenian_AR-tet_11_3gr_mar2012_o-r_90%.JPG
0 - M - Diadumenian - AR - Silver Tetradrachm - Lion beneath Eagle39 views~
~~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Diadumenian as Caesar, Coin Struck AD 218.
Son of Emperor Macrinus (8 April 217 AD – June 218 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Heirapolis.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Diadumenian facing right. Draped and Cuirassed, Seen from Behind.
rev: Eagle standing facing, wings spread, holding wreath in beak. Lion walking right beneath.

Weight: 11.3 Grams
~~~~
*****~ HUGE PHOTO - CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE FULLY ~ *****
~~~
Reference: Prieur 947
I want to thank Mat and Potator for their help with the ID of this coin.
~~~
~~
~
6 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_02.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
1 commentsrexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_07.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_rev_09.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria13 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Reverse.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_beroea-syria_obv_13_cut.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria18 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
---
Obverse, bust cut.
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_00.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria19 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
rexesq
Macrinus_4drachm_01_cut_portrait.JPG
0 - Macrinus Tetradrachm - Beroea Mint, Syria.16 viewsRoman Empire, Syro-Phoenician 4 Drachm.
SYRIA, Cyrrhestica. Beroea.
Emperor Macrinus (217-218 AD). Silver Tetradrachm.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing facing holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left; Palm leaf in upper left field.
Winged Animal (Possibly a Phoenix) between eagle's legs; 'B-E' flanking either side, one letter under each one of the eagle's feet.

14.4 Grams
27 / 26.5 mm
------
Bust, cut.
rexesq
_AR-Tet_feb2012.jpg
0 - Roman Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria435 views~~~
Ancient Roman Empire

Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. RARE type.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust of Emperor facing right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing with body facing right, head and tail facing left, holding wreath in beak.
Greek letters to either side of eagle's head.
~~~~~
*notes: AMAZING PORTRAIT!!! Very Rare type, I have only ever seen ONE other example with this bust style.
~~~
~
1 commentsrexesq
DSC06620-horz.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto36 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuńada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 ańos antes y a la edad de 31 ańos cuando desempeńaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuńada durante los ańos 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
Craw_433_2_Denario_M__Junius_Brutus.jpg
00 - 01 - Marco Junio Bruto27 viewsMarcus Junius Brutus, al ser adoptado por su Tío toma el nombre de Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus

AR Denario 18,00 mm de 3,60 gr.

Anv: "BRVTVS", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Lucio Junio Bruto a der.
1er.Consul y fundador de la República Romana en el 509 A.C., luego de participar activamente en la conspiración para derrocar a Tarquino "El Soberbio", último Rey de Roma
Rev: "AHALA", Busto a cabeza desnuda de Cayo Servilio Ahala a der.
Magister Equitum (Maestro de caballos) en el 439 D.C., autor del magnicidio del Dictador Espurio Melio en defensa de la República auque muchos autores atribuyen este asesinato a su deseo de convertirse en Rey de Roma

Acuńada por, quizás, el mas famosos de los asesinos de Julio Cesar, unos 10 ańos antes y a la edad de 31 ańos cuando desempeńaba uno de sus primeros cargos públicos como Magistrado Monetario. A travéz de esta moneda se atribuye la descendencia paterna de Lucio Junio Bruto y Materna de Cayo Servilio Ahala, dos defensores de la República y magnicidas; además muestra su fuerte defensa de la Res Pública, oposición a la tiranía y convencimiento que existía el homicidio justificable, valores que pondría mas tarde en práctica.
También se cree que esta moneda es una advertencia a Pompeyo "El Grande", quien tenía intensiones de convertirse en Dictador.

Acuńada durante los ańos 54 A.C. (s/RRC) ó 59 A.C. (s/BMCRR)
Ceca: Roma.

Referencias: Craw.RRC 433/2 - Syd. CRR #907 - BMCRR Roma #3864 - RSC vol.I #Junia 30, p.56 y #Servilia 17, p.89 - Sear RCTV Vol.I #398, p.149 - Albert #1362 - Mabbott #4079 - Catalli #617, p.2001 - Vagi #82 - Harlan RRM #3-4, pag.20
mdelvalle
AD240_tetradrachm_11_02gr_00.JPG
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm62 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

Size: 29 / 30 mm
Weight: 11.02 grams
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100% photo size
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4 commentsrexesq
AD240_tetradrachm_11_02gr_150~1.JPG
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm36 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

Size: 29 mm / 30 mm - Very Large flan!
Weight: 11.02 Grams
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-------------
150% photo size
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1 commentsrexesq
AD240_tetradrachm_11_02gr_000.JPG
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm - 0129 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

11.02gr
---------------
rexesq
AD240_tetradrachm_11_02gr_in-flip_obv_01.JPG
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm - obv - in flip47 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

11.02gr
---------------
*Photos taken while coin was inside coin flip*
4 commentsrexesq
AD240_tetradrachm_11_02gr_in-flip_rev_01.JPG
00 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm - rev - in flip29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Tetradrachm struck AD240 at Antioch, Syria ( Seleucis & Pieria )

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Eagle standing facing with head left, wings open, holding wreath in beak, SC below.

11.02gr
---------------
*Photos taken while coin was inside coin flip*
1 commentsrexesq
Gordian-III_AR-Tet_13_4gr_30mm_2012o-r_sara_75%.jpg
00. - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm #4.27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD )
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: - Laureate bust of Emperor Gordian III facing right, draped and Cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: - Eagle standing facing, wings spread holding laurel wreath in beak. Head and tail left.
'S C' below, in exergue.

Size: 30 mm
Weight: 13.4 Grams
----------------
*~!CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE - VERY LARGE PHOTO!~*
----------------
4 commentsrexesq
C_Norbanus_83BC_CR-3571b_Syd_739_Norbana_2.JPG
000. Republic, C Norbanus. AR Denarius. 83 BC. Norbana 2.129 viewsObv. Diademed head of Venus r C NORBANUS LXXVIIII
Rev. Ear of wheat, fasces and caduceus.
Rome, 83 BC. 3.88g. Cr-357/1b, Syd 739, Norbana 2.
ex-HJB
1 commentsLordBest
image~20.jpg
000a. L. Sulla and L. Manlius Toruatus33 viewsL. Sulla and L. Manlius Torquatus. 82 BC. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.89 g, 7h). Military mint moving with Sulla. Helmeted head of Roma right / Sulla driving triumphal quadriga right, holding branch and reins, being crowned by Victory flying left. Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757 or 757a; Manlia 4 or 5. Near VF, toned, a few light scratches on the obverse.

From the Elwood Rafn Collection.

As consul for the year 88 BC, Sulla was awarded the coveted assignment of suppressing the revolt of Mithradates VI of Pontus, but political maneuvers resulted in this assignment being transferred to Marius. In response, Sulla turned his army on Rome, captured it, and reclaimed his command against Mithradates. His prosecution of the first Mithradatic War was successful, but he spared the Pontic king for personal gain. In 83 BC, Sulla returned to Italy as an outlaw, but he was able to win the support of many of the leading Romans. Within a year, he fought his way to Rome, where he was elected dictator. It was during this campaign to Rome that this denarius was struck. The obverse type represents Sulla's claim to be acting in Rome's best interest. The reverse shows Sulla enjoying the highest honor to which a Roman could aspire: the celebration of a triumph at Rome.
ecoli
coins2.JPG
000c. Sextus Pompey76 viewsSextus Pompeius Magnus Pius, in English Sextus Pompey, was a Roman general from the late Republic (1st century BC). He was the last focus of opposition to the second triumvirate.

Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Both boys grew up in the shadow of their father, one of Rome's best generals and originally non-conservative politician who drifted to the more traditional faction when Julius Caesar became a threat.

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. Sextus stayed in Rome in the care of his stepmother, Cornelia Metella. Pompey's army lost the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC and Pompey himself had to run for his life. Cornelia and Sextus met him in the island of Mytilene and together they fled to Egypt. On the arrival, Sextus watched his father being killed by treachery on September 29 of the same year. After the murder, Cornelia returned to Rome, but in the following years Sextus joined the resistance against Caesar in the African provinces. Together with Metellus Scipio, Cato the younger, his brother Gnaeus and other senators, they prepared to oppose Caesar and his army to the end.

Caesar won the first battle at Thapsus in 46 BC against Metellus Scipio and Cato, who committed suicide. In 45 BC, Caesar managed to defeat the Pompeius brothers in the battle of Munda. Gnaeus Pompeius was executed, but young Sextus escaped once more, this time to Sicily.

Back in Rome, Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March (March 15) 44 BC by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his assassins. The second triumvirate was formed by Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus, with the intention of avenging Caesar and subduing all opposition. Sextus Pompeius in Sicily was certainly a rebellious man, but the Cassius and Brutus faction was the second triumvirate's first priority. Thus, with the whole island as his base, Sextus had the time and resources to develop an army and, even more importantly, a strong navy operated by Sicilian marines.

Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. After this, the triumvirs turned their attentions to Sicily and Sextus.

But by this time, Sextus was prepared for strong resistance. In the following years, military confrontations failed to return a conclusive victory for either side and in 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. The reason for this peace treaty was the anticipated campaign against the Parthian Empire. Antony, the leader, needed all the legions he could get so it was useful to secure an armistice in the Sicilian front. The peace did not last for long. Octavian and Antony's frequent quarrels were a strong political motivation for resuming the war against Sextus. Octavian tried again to conquer Sicily, but he was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC) and again in August 36 BC. But by then, Octavian had Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a very talented general, on his side. Only a month afterwards, Agrippa destroyed Sextus' navy off Naulochus cape. Sextus escaped to the East and, by abandoning Sicily, lost all his base of support.

Sextus Pompeius was caught in Miletus in 35 BC and executed without trial (an illegal act since Sextus was a Roman citizen) by order of Marcus Titius, Antony's minion. His violent death would be one of the weapons used by Octavian against Antony several years later, when the situation between the two became unbearable.

Sicilian Mint
Magn above laureate Janiform head
PIVS above, IMP below, prow of galley right
Sear RCV 348, RPC 671, Sydenham 1044a, Cohen 16
43-36 BC

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Philip-II_frontal-bust-armored_AR-tet_antioch_001.JPG
001 - Philip II - AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria - Frontal bust, armored; RARE Bust.23 viewsAncient Roman Empire

Philip II ( 244 - 249 AD ). Silver Tetradrachm, from Antioch, Syria.

( titles in Greek )
obv: Laureate bust facing left, rare cuirassed/armored portrait, seen from the front.
rev: Eagle facing left, wreath in beak, standing above city name over " S C ", wings open.
11.3 Grams, 28mm
2 commentsrexesq
Aes_Rude~0.jpg
001.1 Aes Rude 2341 viewsRoman Republic. c. 4th C. BC. (15.57 grams. 22x22x7 mm). Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria. Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude, or rough bronze, was used for trade in on the Italian peninsula prior to the use of actual coins. These bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually surpassed by marked bars (Aes Signatum).
1 commentsLucas H
Aes_Rude.jpg
001.2 Aes Rude85 viewsRoman Republic. c. 5th-3rd C. BC. Found turn of the century excavations around Mt. Ingino, Gubbio, Umbria.
(19.37 grams. 21x20x7 mm). Thurlow and Vecchi, plate #2, discussed page 15. Ex Warren Esty.

Aes rude means rough bronze, and prior to the use of actual coins, these bronze bars were traded by weight on the Italian peninsula. The “rude” bars were eventually given markings (Aes Signa).
2 commentsLucas H
Dioclet_follis.jpg
002 - Diocletian (284-305 AD), Follis - RIC 85a or 95a20 viewsObv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left with modius on head, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Minted in Siscia (*SIS in exe, gamma in right field), officina 3, 295-296 AD.

The two RIC-types 85a and 95a are quite complicated to distinguish. The difference is supposed to be a slight difference in size of the bust.
pierre_p77
Nero.jpg
002 - Nero (54-68 AD), as - RIC 54369 viewsObv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head left.
Rev: S - C, Victory flying left holding shield inscribed S P Q R.
Minted in Lugdunum c. 66 AD.

The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. (From: Forum Ancient Coin´s catalog nr 28743, after Roman History from Coins by Michael Grant).
3 commentspierre_p77
1_Nero.jpg
002.Nero 54-68 AD31 viewsBillion Tetradrachm
Roman Egypt
Mint: Alexandria,Egypt; Date: 66/67 AD
Obv: ΝΕΡΩ ΚΛΑΥ Κ(ΑΙΣ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡ Ας)-Radiate bust of Nero facing left,wearing aegis on shoulder,
LΙΓ in lower left field.(Year 13=66-67 AD).
Rev: ΘΕΟΣ(ΣΕΒΑΣΘΟΣ)-Radiate head of Divus Augustus facing right.
Size: 24mm,12.7gms
Ref: Milne-251; BMCGr-112; Emmett-113
Ex.Keith Emmett Collection; Ex.Wayne Phillips, Jan 1993; Ex.Beast Coins
5 commentsBrian L
maj1709_(5).jpg
003 - Galerius (as Caesar 293-305 AD), Follis - RIC 16450 viewsObv: MAXIMIANVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left, wearing modius and chlamys, sacrificing from patera on flaming altar and holding cornucopiae.
Minted in Lugdunum (PLC in exe, B in right field) 301-303 AD.
2 commentspierre_p77
coins155.JPG
003. Pop Romanvs Constantinople14 viewsConstantine the Great, Commemorative issue, (0.84g) POP
ROMANVS Laureate and draped bust of Roman people left, cornucopia
on shoulder. / Star and CONSS in wreath. These tiny coins are
associated with the founding of the new capital at
Constantinople. F
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coin222.JPG
003. Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)68 viewsTiberius.

Hard and secretive by nature and embittered by the neglect with which his step- father allowed him to be treated, he did not arouse personal enthusiasm, and until recently was described by historians as a bloody tyrant. It is only during the last sixty years that he has been more fairly judged, and at present the opinion begins to prevail that he was a genuine Roman, a ruler faithful to his duties, just, wise, and self-contained. The strong opposition which grew up against him was due to his taciturn and domineering disposition, and to the influence of the prefect of the guard, Ćlius Sejanus, who alone possessed his confidence.

Lugdunum mint. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right / PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, seated right, holding olive branch & long scepter RSC 16a. Ex Calgary
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0010-010np_noir.jpg
0030 - Republic, Didrachm197 viewsRome mint c. 269-266 BC
No legend, Diademed head of young Hercules right, with club and lion's skin over shoulder
ROMANO, She wolf right, suckling Romulus and Remus
7.29 gr
Ref : RCV # 24, RSC # 8
6 commentsPotator II
0036.jpg
0036 - Denarius Cassia 55 BC73 viewsObv/Head of Genius Populi Romani r. with sceptre over shoulder.
Rev/Eagle on thunderbolt r., on l. lituus, on r. jug, below Q CASSIVS.

Ag, 19.4mm, 3.59g
Moneyer: Q. Cassius Longinus
Mint: Rome.
RRC 428/3 [dies o/r: 126/140] - BMCRR Rome 3868 - RSC Cassia 7 - Syd. 916
ex-Tkalec, auction 27 apr 2007, lot 162
1 commentsdafnis
coin321.JPG
005. Claudius23 viewsLibertas

In Roman mythology, Libertas (which in Latin means freedom) was the goddess of freedom.

Ć As (9.50 gm). Bare head left / Libertas standing right, holding pileus. RIC I 113; BMCRE 202; Cohen 47. Fine, red-gray patina

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NeroDECVRSIOSestertiusRome.JPG
005. Nero 54-68AD. AE Sestertius, Rome mint, 63AD. DECVRSIO. 38.6mm200 viewsObv. Laureate ead right, wearing aegis NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
Rev. Nero on horseback prancing right, wearing cuirass, short tunic, and billowing cloak, spear in right hand, to right soldier moving right. carrying vexillum; to leftin shallow relief, soldier running right DECVRSIO in ex
BMCRE 155; Cohen 94, RIC I 176 var (obv legend)
38.6mm, 180o, 63 A.D. Rome mint.
This sestertius was an early emission from the Rome Mint, which resumed striking bronze after about 10 years of inactivity. The talented engraver, perhaps with extra time for this initial project, produced one of the best dies in the entire imperial bronze series. The special style, complemented by superior execution, has similarities to later medallions.


The fine expressive portrait has higher relief than the more common Lugdunum issues.
The reverse uses the roundness of the flan and three geometric planes of relief to both present the scene in a format that draws the eye to the emperor and show movement that is lacking on almost all other Roman coins. The rare use of geometric planes was repeated on ADLOCVTIO sestertii of Galba five years later, perhaps the work of the same artist. Rome sestertii after 70 A.D. are of far less impressive style.


The lack of SC leaves the reverse fields uncluttered. SC stood for Senatus Consultum, "By Decree of the Senate" and signified the role of the Senate in the minting of brass and bronze coinage. Many sestertii of Caligula and some brass and bronze of Nero lack SC. Subsequent issues include SC again, until inflation produced the demise of the sestertius under Gallienus, c. 265 AD
5 commentsLordBest
coin312.JPG
005a. Antonia35 viewsAntonia

she exposed a plot between her daughter Livilla and Sejanus, Tiberius's Praetorian Prefect. This led to Sejanus's downfall and to the death of Livilla. Claudius, her biggest disappointment (she once called him a "monster") was the only one of her children to survive her.

She committed suicide in 37 AD on Caligula's orders after expressing unhappiness over the murder of her youngest grandson, Tiberius Gemellus. There is a passage in Suetonius's "Life of Gaius" that mentions how Caligula may have given her poison himself. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives.

Ć Dupondius (10.61 gm). Struck by Claudius. Draped bust right / Claudius standing left, holding simpulum. RIC I 92 (Claudius); BMCRE 166 (same); Cohen 6. Ex-CNG

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ecoli
V0904-0002.jpg
005b. Britannicus126 viewsBritannicus (son of Claudius) AE17. Ionia, Smyrna

Britannicus (41 - 55 A.D.) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Messalina. His original name was "Germanicus" but was changed in honor of his father's conquest of Britain in 43 AD.

Nobody is sure why Claudius made Nero his successor and not Britannicus, although the fact that Britannicus may have been Caligula's son is a factor. Britannicus was killed by (partisans of) his step-brother (and brother-in-law) Nero so that Nero could become emperor of Rome.

His sister Octavia is the heroine of the play written at some time after the death of Nero. It's title is titled her name, but its central message is the wrong done to the Claudian house because of the wrong done to its last male member and its last hope.

Britannicus. Before 54 AD. AE 17mm (4.31 g), Minted at Ionia, Smyrna. Bare head right 'ZMYP' below bust / Nike flying right. cf S(GIC) 516. Scarce. Some dirt and patina chipping.

ecoli73
4020447.jpg
005bb. Antonia, daughter of Claudius 5 viewsJUDAEA, Roman Administration. Claudius, with Britannicus, Antonia, and Octavia. AD 41-54. Ć (23mm, 12.02 g, 12h). Caesarea Panias mint. Struck before 49 CE. Laureate head of Claudius left / The children of Claudius: from left to right, Antonia, Britannicus, and Octavia, the two daughters each holding a cornucopia. Meshorer 350; Hendin 1259; Sofaer 83; RPC I 4842. Fair, green and brown patina with touches of red. Rare.ecoli
5514.jpg
005d. Agrippina II89 viewsLYDIA, Hypaepa. Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero. Augusta, 50-59 AD. Ć 14mm (2.33 gm). Draped bust of Agrippina right / Cult statue of Artemis. RPC I 2541; SNG Copenhagen -.

Julia Vipsania Agrippina Minor or Agrippina Minor (Latin for "the younger") (November 7, AD 15 – March 59), often called "Agrippinilla" to distinguish her from her mother, was the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina Major. She was sister of Caligula, granddaughter and great-niece to Tiberius, niece and wife of Claudius, and the mother of Nero. She was born at Oppidum Ubiorum on the Rhine, afterwards named in her honour Colonia Agrippinae (modern Cologne, Germany).

Agrippina was first married to (1st century AD) Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. From this marriage she gave birth to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, who would become Roman Emperor Nero. Her husband died in January, 40. While still married, Agrippina participated openly in her brother Caligula's decadent court, where, according to some sources, at his instigation she prostituted herself in a palace. While it was generally agreed that Agrippinilla, as well as her sisters, had ongoing sexual relationships with their brother Caligula, incest was an oft-used criminal accusation against the aristocracy, because it was impossible to refute successfully. As Agrippina and her sister became more problematic for their brother, Caligula sent them into exile for a time, where it is said she was forced to dive for sponges to make a living. In January, 41, Agrippina had a second marriage to the affluent Gaius Sallustius Crispus Passienus. He died between 44 and 47, leaving his estate to Agrippina.

As a widow, Agrippina was courted by the freedman Pallas as a possible marriage match to her own uncle, Emperor Claudius, and became his favourite councillor, even granted the honor of being called Augusta (a title which no other queen had ever received). They were married on New Year's Day of 49, after the death of Claudius's first wife Messalina. Agrippina then proceeded to persuade Claudius to adopt her son, thereby placing Nero in the line of succession to the Imperial throne over Claudius's own son, Brittanicus. A true Imperial politician, Agrippina did not reject murder as a way to win her battles. Many ancient sources credited her with poisoning Claudius in 54 with a plate of poisened mushrooms, hence enabling Nero to quickly take the throne as emperor.

For some time, Agrippina influenced Nero as he was relatively ill-equipped to rule on his own. But Nero eventually felt that she was taking on too much power relative to her position as a woman of Rome. He deprived her of her honours and exiled her from the palace, but that was not enough. Three times Nero tried to poison Agrippina, but she had been raised in the Imperial family and was accustomed to taking antidotes. Nero had a machine built and attached to the roof of her bedroom. The machine was designed to make the ceiling collapse — the plot failed with the machine. According to the historians Tacitus and Suetonius, Nero then plotted her death by sending for her in a boat constructed to collapse, intending to drown Agrippina. However, only some of the crew were in on the plot; their efforts were hampered by the rest of the crew trying to save the ship. As the ship sank, one of her handmaidens thought to save herself by crying that she was Agrippina, thinking they would take special care of her. Instead the maid was instantly beaten to death with oars and chains. The real Agrippina realised what was happening and in the confusion managed to swim away where a passing fisherman picked her up. Terrified that his cover had been blown, Nero instantly sent men to charge her with treason and summarily execute her. Legend states that when the Emperor's soldiers came to kill her, Agrippina pulled back her clothes and ordered them to stab her in the belly that had housed such a monstrous son.

ecoli
Crepusius-Syd-738.jpg
007. P. Crepusius.27 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Laureate bust of Apollo; sceptre and E at left; symbol under chin.
Reverse: P CREPVSI / Horseman galloping, hurling spear. Roman numeral CCCXXXXVI above.
4.07 gm., 17.5 mm.
Syd. #738a; RSC #Crepusia 1; Sear #283.

The Roman numerals on this coin series run from I to DXXIII (1 - 523). Aside from numbering the reverse dies, their significance is unknown. The symbol under Apollo's chin is said to be a shell by Stevenson (p. 295), but it could easily be a turtle or even something else.
1 commentsCallimachus
0079.jpg
0079 - Denarius Tituria 89 BC178 viewsObv/Bearded head of king Tatius r., before TA, behind SABIN.
Rev/Rape of Sabines, two Roman soldiers hurrying l. carrying two Sabines; L TITVRI in ex.

Moneyer: L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 344/1a [dies o/r: 294/327 (1a to 1c)] - Syd. 698
ex-Numismática Ramos
dafnis
Mamillius-Syd-741.jpg
009. C. Mamilius Limetanus.64 viewsDenarius, 82-81 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: Bust of Mercury wearing winged hat; caduceus and the letter I behind.
Reverse: C MAMIL LIMETAN / Ulysses, dressed like a Greek sailor, being recognized by his dog Argus upon returning to Ithaca.
4.06 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #741; RSC #Mamilia 6; Sear #282.

The Mamilia gens claimed descent from Mamilia, the daughter of Telgonius, reputed son of Ulysses. Mercury is an ancestor of Ulysses.

The story as told in Homer's "Odyssey" is somewhat different from that portrayed on this coin. When Ulysses returned to Ithaca after twenty years, he found his dog Argus lying on a dung heap and nearly dead. Argus had only enough strength to wag his tail in recognition of his master's voice before he died. Be that as it may, this is still an elegant portrayal of this touching scene, the likes of which are rarely found on Roman coinage.

2 commentsCallimachus
gordian-III_tet_ram-below-eagle_14_76gr_mar2012_amphora.jpg
01 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #3 - Ram leaping left beneath Eagle, head reverted, Crescent Moon above ram27 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Gordian III ( 238 - 244 AD ) Silver Tetradrachm.
Struck at the Roman Mint at Antioch, Syria.

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.
rev: Eagle standing, holding laurel wreath in beak, head facing left.
BELOW: Ram leaping left, head turned facing behind (right), with Crescent Moon above head of Ram, all between the legs of the Eagle.

Weight: 14.76 Grams

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::Great detail on the head and beak of the Eagle, as well as on the Emperor's portrait, very nice coin, good weight for the type too. ::
~~~

*ex Amphora Ancient Coins, with photo-authenticity COA signed by David Hendin, author of Guide to Biblical Coins.
~~
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07046_obv_03_DSC07051_rev_04.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows49 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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4 commentsrexesq
DSC07044_obv_01_DSC07048__rev_01JPG.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows36 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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2 commentsrexesq
Julian-II_AR-Siliqua_vows_1_9gr_03_rev-85%.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - 00139 views Roman Empire, 4th century AD Silver Siliqua.
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, struck 361 - 363 AD, Constantinople Mint, Prima Officinae.

obverse: " DN JULIANUS P F AUG " - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.

reverse: " VOTIS V MULTIS X " - within wreath, '' P CON '' in exergue (below), for Constantinople mint.

Size: 19 dia.
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07050_rev_03.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.14 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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DSC07049_rev_02.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse.12 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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DSC07063_rev_09.JPG
01 - Julian II - Silver Siliqua - Vows - Reverse. BRIGHT.16 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Julian II (355 - 363 AD, sole reign from 361 - 363 AD)
Silver Siliqua, Constantinople Mint, struck 361 - 363 AD.

obv: DN JULIANUS P F AUG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front.
rev: VOTIS V MULTIS X within wreath, 'P CON' in exergue.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 1.9 Grams
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Slightly off color photo; too much lighting.
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trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_o_02_r_02.JPG
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna64 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
4 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_o_03_r_03.JPG
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna48 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
1 commentsrexesq
trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_rev_03.jpg
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna. Reverse.15 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
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trajan_AR-denarius_aeternitas-holding-heads-of-sol-and-luna_rev_04.jpg
01 - Trajan Silver Denarius - AET AVG - Head of Sol and Luna. Reverse.17 viewsRoman Empire, Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 A.D.)
Silver Denarius, Rome Mint. 3.2 Grams.
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obv: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P - Laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder.
rev: COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINC - Aeternitas standing facing, head left holding the head of Sol (the Sun god) in her right hand and the head of Luna (the Moon Goddess) in her left hand.
AET AVG - across fields on either side of Aeternitas.
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RIC 91, RSC 3
rexesq
coin317.JPG
010. Vespasian13 viewsSpes

In Roman mythology, Spes was the goddess of hope. She was traditionally defined as "the last goddess" (Spes, ultima dea), meaning that hope is the last resource available to men.
There was a temple to her in the Forum Holitorium. In art, Spes was depicted hitching her skirt while holding a cornucopia and flowers. Spes personified hope for good harvests, and for children, and was invoked at births, marriages, and other important times.

Her Greek equivalent was Elpis.

Vespasian Ae As REVERSE: Spes standing;

Check
ecoli
coin214.JPG
010. Vespasian 69 AD - 79 AD36 viewsVespasian

The character of this emperor showed very little, if anything, of the pagan tyrant. Though himself a man of no literary culture, he became the protector of his prisoner of war, the Jewish historian Josephus, a worshipper of the One God, and even permitted him the use of his own family name (Flavius). While this generosity may have been in some degree prompted by Josephus's shrewd prophecy of Vespasian's elevation to the purple, there are other instances of his disposition to reward merit in those with whom he was by no means personally sympathetic. Vespasian has the distinction of being the first Roman Emperor to transmit the purple to his own son; he is also noteworthy in Roman imperial history as having very nearly completed his seventieth year and died a natural death: being in feeble health, he had withdrawn to benefit by the purer air of his native Reate, in the "dewy fields" (rosei campi) of the Sabine country. By his wife, Flavia Domitilla, he left two sons, Titus and Domitian, and a daughter, Domitilla, through whom the name of Vespasian's empress was passed on to a granddaughter who is revered as a confessor of the Faith.

A man of strict military discipline and simple tastes, Vespasian proved to be a conscientious and generally tolerant administrator. More importantly, following the upheavals of A.D. 68-69, his reign was welcome for its general tranquility and restoration of peace. In Vespasian Rome found a leader who made no great breaks with tradition, yet his ability ro rebuild the empire and especially his willingness to expand the composition of the governing class helped to establish a positive working model for the "good emperors" of the second century. In contrast to his immediate imperial predecessors, Vespasian died peacefully - at Aquae Cutiliae near his birthplace in Sabine country on 23 June, A.D. 79, after contracting a brief illness. The occasion is said to have inspired his deathbed quip: "Oh my, I must be turning into a god!"

Denarius. IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right / VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter. RSC 574
ecoli
0010-019.jpg
0110 - Republic, Quartuncia66 viewsRome mint, circa 217-215 BC
Head of Roma right, wearing a crested helmet
Prow of galey right, ROMA above
3,41 gr - 15 mm
Ref :RCV # 624
According to RCV, "the quartuncia is the smallest denomination of the Roman bronze coinage, and has been briefly produced during the semilibral weight standard. With the further decline in the weight of the bronze coinage after 215 BC, issue of the experimental quartuncia ceased."
4 commentsPotator II
Theodosius_ae2.jpg
012 - Theodosius I (379-395 AD), AE 2 - RIC 46a43 viewsObv: DN THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing, facing, head right, holding standard and globe.
Minted in Nicomedia (SMNA in exe), first officina, 15 may 392 - 17 jan. 395 AD.
pierre_p77
coin212.JPG
012. Domitian 81-96 AD60 viewsDomitian

As emperor, Domitian was to become one of Rome's foremost micro managers, especially concerning the economy. Domitian's reach extended well beyond the economy. Late in A.D. 85 he made himself censor perpetuus, censor for life, with a general supervision of conduct and morals. The move was without precedent and, although largely symbolic, it nevertheless revealed Domitian's obsessive interest in all aspects of Roman life. While the military abilities of Vespasian and Titus were genuine, those of Domitian were not. Partly as an attempt to remedy this deficiency, Domitian frequently became involved in his own military exploits outside of Rome. He claimed a triumph in A.D. 83 for subduing the Chatti in Gaul, but the conquest was illusory.

as Caesar, AR Denarius. 76 AD. CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right / COS IIII, Pegasus walking right. RSC 47
ecoli
0129.jpg
0129 - Antoninianus Gallienus 120-8 AC11 viewsObv/ GALLIENVS AVG, radiated and draped bust of G. r.
Rev/ VENRI VICTRICI, Venus standing l., holding helmet and spear, leaning on shield.

AE, 22.9 mm, 3.07 g
Mint: Asia.
RIC V.1/660 [C]
ex-Rusty Romans (vcoins), jul 2011
dafnis
102155.jpg
012a. Domitia101 viewsDomitia, wife of Domitian. Augusta, 82-96 AD.

In 70, Domitia was married to Lucius Aelius Lamia, but she attracted the attention of Domitian, son of emperor Vespasian. Shortly afterwards she was taken from her husband and remarried with the future emperor. They had a son in the next year and a daughter in 74, both died young. Domitian was very fond of his wife and carried her in all his travels. In 83, Domitia Longina's affair with the actor Paris was disclosed. Paris was executed and Domitia received her letter of divorce from Domitian. She was exiled, but remained close to Roman politics and to Domitian.

CILICIA, Epiphanea. Ć 21mm (7.18 gm). Dated year 151 (83/84 AD). Draped bust right / Athena standing left, righ hand extended, left resting on shield; ANP (date) left. RPC I 1786; SNG Levante 1813; SNG France -; SNG Copenhagen -. VF, dark green patina, some smoothing. Very rare, only 1 specimen (the Levante specimen), recorded in RPC. Ex-CNG
ecoli73
Brutus-Syd-907.jpg
013. M. Junius Brutus.58 viewsDenarius, 54 BC, Rome mint.
Obverse: BRVTVS / Bust of L. Junius Brutus.
Reverse: AHALA / Bust of C. Servilius Ahala.
4.09 gm., 19 mm.
Syd. #907; RSC #Junia 30; Sear #398.

The moneyer of this coin is the same Brutus who killed Julius Caesar. However, this coin was minted about a decade earlier. It portrays two ancestors of Brutus:

1. L. Junius Brutus lead the Romans to expel their king L. Tarquinius Superbus. He was one of the founding fathers of the Roman Republic, and was elected one of the first consuls in 509 BC.

2. C. Cervilius Ahala. In 439 BC, during a food shortage in Rome, Spurius Maelius, the richest patrician, bought as much food as he could and sold it cheaply to the people. The Romans, always fearful of kings, thought he wanted to be king. So an emergency was declared and L. Cincinnatus was proclaimed Dictator. Maelius was ordered to appear before Cincinnatus, but refused. So Ahala, as Magister Equitam, killed him in the Forum. Ahala was tried for this act, but escaped condemnation by voluntary exile.
4 commentsCallimachus
0147.jpg
0147 - Denarius Sicinia 49 BC45 viewsObv/ Diademed head of Fortuna r.; before, FORT; behind, PR.
Rev/ Palm branch tied with fillet and winged caduceus, in saltire; above, wreath; below, Q SICINIVS; III VIR at sides.

Ag, 17.5 mm, 4.03 g
Moneyer: Q. Sicinius.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 440/1 [dies o/r: 129/143] - Syd.938
ex-CNG, auction e260, lot 453 (ex–Dante Alighieri colln., CNG auction e219, lot 406).
dafnis
LucillaDenVota.JPG
016. Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius, wife of Lucius Verus, c148-182A.D. AR Denarius,35 viewsAR Denarius. Rome mint.

Obv. Draped bust right LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F

Rev. within wreath VOTA PVBLI CA.

RIC791. VF.

My first Roman coin.
LordBest
0180.jpg
0180 - Semis Roman Republic 42-36 BC41 viewsObv/Head of Minerva (?) r.
Rev/Statue standing l. on top of pedestal; (CV)-IN on both sides.

AE, 22.2 mm, 5.60 g
Moneyer: anonymous.
Mint: Carthago Nova.
APRH/151 - CNH/7 [R2]
ex-Ibercoin, auction 16.1, lot 2018
dafnis
0194.jpg
0194 - Nummus Maximian 307 AC49 viewsObv/ DN MAXIMIANO PFS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust of M. r.
Rev/ GENIO POP ROM, Genius of the Roman People standing l., holding patera and cornucopia; in ex., PLN.

AE, 7.09g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/90 [C2].
ex-Emporium Hamburg, auction 72, lot 819.
dafnis
0195.jpg
0195 - Nummus Constantius I 300-03 AC61 viewsObv/ FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust of C. r.
Rev/ GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius of the Roman People standing l., holding patera and cornucopia.

AE, 28 mm, 10.41 g
Mint: Londinium.
RIC VI/20 [R]
ex-vAuctions (Triskeles), auction 313, lot 354.
dafnis
philip-II_as-caesar_frontal-bust-dr_cuir_13_03grams_ex-Hendin.jpg
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front45 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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Seller photo. Great 'Frontal Bust' portrait and very large flan!
4 commentsrexesq
DSC07485_DSC07499.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front31 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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5 commentsrexesq
DSC07494_philip-II_as-caesar_01.JPG
02 - 01 - Philip II as Caesar (244 - 247 AD) AR Tetradrachm - Bare head, draped and cuirassed, seen from the Front.14 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Philip II as Caesar (Prince) - Large Silver Tetradrachm
Struck in Antioch, Syria between 244 and 247 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Bare head of Philip II facing right. Draped and cuirassed. Bust seen from the front.

rev: Eagle standing on Palm branch facing, wings open holding wreath in beak, head and tail facing left.
'S C' Below.

Weight: 13.03 Grams
Size: 26.3 mm* - *(at the narrowest part)
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ex Amphora Coins

with Photo Certificate of Authenticity signed by Author of "Guide to Biblical Coins" David Hendin.
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*Shown next to a US 25 cent piece (quarter-dollar) for size comparison.*
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elagabalus_AR-Ant_salus_5_20gr_00.JPG
02 - Elagabalus AR Antoninianus - SALVS ANTONINI AVG51 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Varius 'Elagabalus' Antoninus (218 - 222 AD)
Silver Antoninianus, Struck at the Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAES M AUR ANTONINUS - Radiate bust of the Emperor right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: SALVS ANTONINI AUG - Salus standing facing right, holding snake, which she feeds from patera held in other hand.

5.20 Grams
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**CLICK TO ENLARGE**
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3 commentsrexesq
antioch_gordian-III_tetradrachm_01.jpg
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #236 views-
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Roman Empire
AR Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath, crescent moon above ram running left, head reverted.

Weight: 10.9 Grams
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4 commentsrexesq
DSC02767_cut_a.JPG
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #232 views-
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Roman Empire
AR Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

(Titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath, crescent moon above ram running left, head reverted.

Weight: 10.9 Grams
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antioch_gordian-III_tetradrachm_ram-crescent-moon_w-US-cent_obv_03.JPG
02 - Gordian III Tetradrachm #2 w/ cent.17 viewsRoman Empire
Tetradrachm of Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed. Seen from behind.

rev: Eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak.
Beneath: Crescent Moon above the head of a ram leaping left, it's head reverted.

10.9 Grams
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Ancient Roman Tetradrachm of emperor Gordian III next to a 2010 D USA One Cent for size comparison.
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Augustus_Tarpeia.jpg
02 01 Augustus. Tarpeia111 viewsAugustus. 27 B.C.-14 A.D. AR. Denarius. Rome Mint. 19-18 B.C. 3.5g, 20 mm. Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTS, bare head righ. Rev: TVRPILIANVS III VIR, Tarpeia facing, buried to the waist in shields. RIC I 299. RSC 494, BMC 29.

Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the citadel, betrayed her fellow Romans to the Sabines when they came to attack Rome. Tarpeia offered to admit the Sabines into the city in return for what they wore on their arms. She had in mind the gold torques the Sabines usually wore. The Sabines agreed, but disgusted by her greed, the gave her the shields they worn on their arms and put her to death by crushing her under their shields. She was then thrown from a high cliff above the city. The Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors were thrown in Rome, is named after her.
4 commentsLucas H
Augustus_RIC_I_4(a).jpg
02 03 Augustus RIC I 4(a)40 viewsAugustus. 27B.C. -14A.D. AR Denarius. Emerita Mint, c. 25-23 A.D. (3.21g, 19.4mm, 0h). Obv: IMP CAESAR AVGVST, bare head right. Rev: P CARISIVS LEG PRO PR, trophy of helmet cuirass, shield, and javelins, on heap of shields and lances. RIC 4(a), RSC 403(a).

Augustus established the colony of Emerita Augusta in Lusitania to settle emeriti- retiring soldiers- as he downsized the Roman army. P. Carisius, legatus pro praetore, effected the foundation on Augustus’s behalf. Emerita served as a strongpoint for the Empire in the west of Spain.
1 commentsLucas H
02_Octavian_RIC_I_266.jpg
02 Octavian RIC I 26633 viewsOctavian. AR Denarius. Italian Mint, possibly Rome. Autumn 30- summer 29 B.C. (3.45g, 19.8mm, 2h). Obv: Bare head right. Rev: IMP CAESAR on architrave of the Roman Senate House (Curia Julia), with porch supported by four short columns, statue of Victory on globe surmounting apex of roof, and statues of standing figures at the extremities of the architrave. CRI 421; RIC I 266; RSC 122.. Ex Andrew McCabe.1 commentsLucas H
2-Gordian-I-RIC-1.jpg
02. Gordian I / RIC 1.79 viewsDenarius, March - April 238, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG / Laureate bust of Gordian I.
Reverse: P M TR P COS P P / Gordian I standing, togate, holding branch, and wearing parzonium.
2.88 gm., 20 mm.
RIC #1; Sear #8446.

The third century saw numerous usurpers in various parts of the Empire. However, the local revolt in Africa which brought Gordian I and his son to power was the first and only time the cause of a usurper was taken up by the Senate before a current emperor was dead. Thus the Gordiani became legitimate Roman emperors, and their coinage, all minted at the imperial mint in Rome, became legitimate coinage of the Empire.

Provenance:
ex Gillardi Collection.
Tinchant sale (1962).
3 commentsCallimachus
0207_RRR464_2.jpg
0207 - Denarius Carisia 46 BC24 viewsObv/ Head of Juno Moneta r.; behind, MONETA.
Rev/ Coinage tools, laurel wreath around; above, T CARISIVS.

Ag, 18.1 mm, 3.89 g
Mint: Roma
RRC 464/2 [120/133]
ex-Ibernumis, private sale
1 commentsdafnis
KnidosARdrachm.jpg
020a, CARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm.63 viewsCARIA, Knidos. Circa 465-449 BC. AR Drachm - 16mm (6.06 g). Obverse: forepart of roaring lion right; Reverse: archaic head of Aphrodite right, hair bound with taenia. Cahn 80 (V38/R53); SNG Helsinki 132 (same dies); SNG Copenhagen 232 (same dies). Toned, near VF, good metal. Ex Barry P. Murphy.

While this coin falls within the time frame that numismatists call "Classical" Greek coinage, I have chosen to place it in both the "Archaic" (coin 020a) and "Classical" Greek sections of my collection. This specimen is one of those wonderful examples of transition--it incorporates many elements of the "Archaic" era, although it is struck during the "Classical" Greek period and anticipates characteristics of the later period.

As noted art historian Patricia Lawrence has pointed out, "[this specimen portrays] A noble-headed lion, a lovely Late Archaic Aphrodite, and [is made from]. . . beautiful metal." The Archaic Aphrodite is reminiscent of certain portraits of Arethusa found on tetradrachms produced in Syracuse in the first decade of the 5th century BC.

Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.

The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.

In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus by leaving them the freedom of their city.

During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.

Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidus

Edited by J. P. Fitzgerald, Jr.
1 commentsCleisthenes
0216_RICII_252.jpg
0216 - Denarius Trajan 112-14 AC17 viewsObv/ IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP, laureate and draped bust of T. r.
Rev/ Trajan's father seating on a throne l., holding scepter and patera; around, DIVVS PATER TRAIAN.

Ag, 19 mm, 3.07 g
Mint: Roma.
RIC II/252 [S] – BMCRE III/500
ex-NAC, auction 95, lot 226
dafnis
0233_REPROM_RRC423_1.jpg
0233 - Denarius Servilia 57 BC8 viewsObv/ Head of Flora with flower crown; behind, lituus; around, FLORAL PRIMVS.
Rev/ Soldiers facing each other, holding swords and shields; in ex., C SERVEIL; C F on field.

Ag, 18.8 mm, 3.85 g
Moneyer: C. Servilius C.f.
Mint: Rome.
RRC 423/1 [dies o/r: 99/110]
ex-DNW, auction Feb 2019, lot 683
1 commentsdafnis
LitraRoma.jpg
026/3 Litra or 1/8 ounce40 viewsAnonymous. Ć Litra or 1/8 ounce. Rome. 234-231 BC. ( 3.43g, 15mm, 5h) Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right Rev: Horse rearing left, wearing bridle, bit, and reins; ROMA below.

Crawford 26/3; Sydenham 29 (Half-litra); Kestner 56-65; BMCRR Romano-Campanian 70-74 (Half-litra)

This coin is attributed as a Litra by Crawford, others define it as half-litra. However, it could be argued that "1/8 ounce piece" is the better description.

First of all, on litra and half-litra:

"According to Crawford, the weight standard of the series 26 litra and half litra are based on a litra of 3.375 grams . The half litra in Crawford is described as having a dog on the reverse rather than a horse, and the average weight of the half litra of several specimens is described as 1.65 grams. BMCRR does refer to these as half litrae; but keep in mind that Grueber was writing circa 1900 and based on older scholarship. Sydenham was writing in the 1950s. Of the three major works cited, Crawford is the most current and likely based on a greater number of more recent finds."

Andrew Mccabe:

"It's very doubtful to me that the word "litra" is correct. Much more likely, these small bronze coins were simply fractions of the Aes Grave cast coinage system, as they come in weights of 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 ounce, and the Aes Grave coinage generally had denominations from As down to Semuncia (1/2 ounce). So this coin would be 1/8 ounce coin. That's my view, which differs from their long term designation as "Litra", which presume them to be overvalued token bronze coinage on the Sicilian model, whereby bronze coins had value names that indicate a relationship to the silver coinage.

Litra, the word, is from the same stem as Libra, i.e. pound, would suggest a denomination of a (light) Sicilian pound of bronze, which sometimes equates in value to a small silver coin in Sicily weighing about 1/12 didrachm (about 0.6 grams) so by this definition, a Litra = an Obol. But it hardly stands up to scrutiny that such a tiny bronze coin, weighing 3.375 grams, could have been equivalent to a 0.6 gram silver obol. It would imply a massive overvaluation of bronze that just does not seem credible.

So. throw out the Litras, and call these coins 1/8 ounce pieces, and I think we have a sensible answer."

Paddy
augustusAE19.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS & RHOEMETALKES I AE19 - struck 11 BC-12 AD171 viewsobv: BACILEWS POIMHTALKOY (diademed head of Rhoemetalkes right)
rev: KAICAPOC CEBACTOY (bare head of Augustus right)
ref: RPC 1718, SNGCop 1192, BMC 7-9, Moushmov 5782, Jurukova 200.
mint: Byzantion (?), Thracian Kingdom
5.47gms, 19mm

History: The Hellenistic kingdom of Thrace broke up in the 1st century BC - conquered by Rome. Rhoemetalkes I was awarded the kingdom of Thrace by the Romans in 11 BC. After his death in 12 AD, the emperor Augustus divided Thrace between Rhoemetalkes son & brother.
berserker
augustus quadr-.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AE quadrans - struck 5 BC66 viewsobv: GALVS.MESSALLA.III.VIR
rev: SISENNA.APRONIVS.AAA.FF / S.C.
ref: RIC I 443, C.352
mint: Rome, 3.03gms, 16mm
Moneyers Apronius, Galus, Messalla, and Sisena.

The quadrans (literally meaning "a quarter") was a low-value Roman bronze coin worth 1/4th of an as. After ca. 90 BC, when bronze coinage was reduced to the semuncial standard, the quadrans became the lowest-valued coin in production.
berserker
augustus_RIC82a.jpg
027 BC-14 AD - AUGUSTUS AR denarius - struck 19-18 BC54 viewsobv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS (bare head left, banker's mark on face)
rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS (Mars standing left, head right, with aquila and standard)
ref: RIC I 82a, RSC 259 (4frcs), BMC 414.
mint: Colonia Patricia
3.41gms, 19mm
Rare

History: The Parthians had captured the standards of the legions under the command of Marcus Licinius Crassus (53 BC, at the Battle of Carrhae), Decidius Saxa (40 BC), and Marc Antony (36 BC). It was considered a grave moral defeat and evil omen for the Romans. It required a generation of diplomacy before the Parthians returned them. Their return was considered a great triumph by Augustus, and celebrated like a military victory. He took an ovation entering Rome on horseback and being honoured with a triumphal arch in the year 20 BC. This coin struck in Colonia Patricia (today Cordoba, Spain).
1 commentsberserker
Traian_AE-Sest_IMP-CAES-TRAIANO-OPTIMO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P_SENATVS-POPVPLVS-QVE-ROMANVS_FORT_RED_SC_RIC-651-p-290_C-157_Rome-114-17-AD_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0651, Rome, AE-Sestertius, SENATVS POPVPLVSQVE ROMANVS, -/-//FORT•RED/SC, Fortuna seated left,137 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0651, Rome, AE-Sestertius, SENATVS POPVPLVSQVE ROMANVS, -/-//FORT•RED/SC, Fortuna seated left,
avers:- IMP-CAES-TRAIANO-OPTIMO-AVG-GER-DAC-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P, Laureate draped bust right.
revers:- SENATVS-POPVPLVS-QVE-ROMANVS, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//FORT•RED/SC, diameter: mm, weight:g, axis: h,
mint: Rome, date: 114-117 A.D., ref: RIC-II-651-p-290, C-157,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Traian_AE-Dup_IMP_CAES_NER_TRAIANO_OPTIMO_AVG_GER_DAC_PARTHICO_P_M_TR_P_COS_VI_P_P_SENATVS_POPVLVSQVE_ROMANVS_S-C_RIC-676-C-356_Rome-116-AD_Q-001_axis-6h_23,5-25,5mm_9,01g-s.jpg
027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0676, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS /S-C, Trajan advancing right between 2 trophie,95 views027 Traianus (98-117 A.D.), RIC II 0676, Rome, AE-Dupondius, SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS /S-C, Trajan advancing right between 2 trophie,
avers:- IMP-CAES-NER-TRAIANO-OPTIMO-AVG-GER-DAC-PARTHICO-P-M-TR-P-COS-VI-P-P, Radiate draped bust right.
revers:- SENATVS-POPVLVSQVE-ROMANVS, Trajan advancing right between 2 trophies.
exerg: -/-//S-C, diameter: 23,5-25,5mm, weight: 9,01g, axis: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 116 A.D., ref: RIC-II-676-p-,C-356,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Republik_denar.jpg
028 - Roman republic, L Julius 141 BC - Syd 443, Cr 224/128 viewsObv: Helmeted head of Roma right, XVI behind.
Rev: Dioscuri galloping right, L. IVLI below, ROMA in exe.
Minted in Rome 141 BC.
pierre_p77
didrachm.jpg
028/3 Didrachm/Quadrigatus 37 viewsAnonymous. AR Didrachm-Quadrigatus. Uncertain or Rome Mint c. 225-214 B.C. (6.26g, 20.9m, 9h). Obv: Laureate head of Janus. Rev: Jupiter, hurling Thunderbolt and holding scepter in Quadriga right driven by Victory. Roma in relief in linear frame. Craw. 28/3, Syd. 65, RSC 24. CNG276/320.

One of Rome’s pre-denarius silver coins issued before the Second Punic War, and the introduction of the denarius circa 214-211 B.C.

I wanted to trace the evolution of Roman coinage, so I couldn’t pass this one up when I saw it. More information on the type can be found here: andrewmccabe.ancients.info.

2 commentsLucas H
Republik_denar2.jpg
029 - Roman republic, P Maenius Antiaticus. denarius - Syd 492. Cr 249/135 viewsObv: helmeted head of Roma right, X behind.
Rev: Victory in quadriga right, P MAE ANT below, ROMA in exe.
Minted in Rome 132 BC.
pierre_p77
Anjou_Károly-Robert_(1307-1342_AD),_Denar,_H-473,_C2-029,_U-374b,_Pohl_31-2,__M_REGIS_KARVLI,_Lily_L-I,_Lippa,_1330-AD,_Q-001,_6h,_14,5-14,8mm,_0,63g-s.jpg
029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01128 views029 Károly Róbert., (Charles Robert of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1307-1342 A.D.) AR-Denarius, H-473, CNH-2-029, U-374.b, #01
avers: ✠•M•REGIS KARVLI, King, facing, helmeted; border of dots.
reverse: Large Lily, L-I, line border.
exergue, mint mark: L/I//--, diameter: 14,5-14,8mm, weight: 0,63g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Lipa, (today Lipova, Romania), date: 1330 (by Pohl) A.D., ref: Huszár-473, CNH-2-029, Unger-374.b, Pohl-31-03,
Q-001


Charles Robert of Anjou
2 commentsquadrans
DSC02611_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev19 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Rare Radiate, Frontal Left Bust.

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust left, seen from the front. Draped and Cuirassed.

rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between
the legs of Eagle.

Weight: 12.3 Grams
Size: 27mm
-
---
-
*Quite Rare.
rexesq
DSC02613_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev - FLASH25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
-----
*Photo with CAMERA FLASH*
-
--
-
4 commentsrexesq
DSC02628_100%_cut.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev.29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
rexesq
Gordian-III_tet_75%.JPG
03 - Gordian III Tetradrachm - Radiate Bust left, seen from the front. Ram between Eagle's Legs on rev..38 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Silver Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria.
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)

*Rare Radiate, Frontal, Left facing Bust obverse w/ Eagle with Ram & crescent moon below reverse combination*

(titles in Greek)
obv: - Radiate bust LEFT, seen from the FRONT. Draped and Cuirassed.
rev: - Eagle, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ram leaping to left beneath crescent moon between the legs of Eagle.

Size: 27 - 28 mm
Weight: 12.3 Grams
3 commentsrexesq
trajan_radiate-bust_tet_13_05grams_bust-of-zeus_01.jpg
03 - Trajan Tetradrachm - Bust of Nilus - Radiate bust of Trajan46 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 AD)
Tetradrachm from the mint at Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 20 = 116/117 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Radiate bust of Trajan facing right. Star to right, below chin.
rev: Bust of Nilus, wearing taenia, crowned with reeds and lotus, facing right, lotus bud and cornucopia by right shoulder. Date in fields.

Weight: 13.04 Grams
-------
2 commentsrexesq
03-Diocletian-Lon-28a.jpg
03 Diocletian: London follis.19 viewsFollis, ca 300-305 AD, London mint (group III).
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate and curriassed bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
11.20 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #28a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-001_14mm_0,49g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0182 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #01
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 14,0mm, weight: 0,49g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Lodovicus-I__U-432-g_C2-89A_H-547_MOnETA-LODOVICI_REGIS-hVnGARIE_Q-002_13mm_0,45g-s.jpg
030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #0297 views030 Lajos I. -Nagy Lajos-, (Lodovicus I. (the great) of Anjou, Angevin)., King of Hungary, (1342-1382 A.D.) AR-Denarius, U-432g, #02
avers: ✠ mOnЄTA LODOVICI, Saracen's head left, no internal (line) border, border of dots.
reverse: ✠ RЄGIS hVnGARIЄ, Patriarchal cross with dots each corner, amongst emission-marks (*-* in middle), border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: */*//--, diameter: 13,0mm, weight: 0,45g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania by Pohl), date: 1373-1382A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-432g, CNH-2-089A, Huszár-547, Pohl-89-04,
Q-002
quadrans
Zsigmond,_(1387-1437_AD),_AR-Den,_U-450-g,_C2-124A,_H-578,_mOn_SIG-ISmVnDI,_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_C_,_Q-001,_5h,_16mm,_0_53g-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450.g., P-118-18, #01174 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Denar, H-578, C2-124A, U-450.g., P-118-18, #01
avers: mOn•SIG ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side n-*.
reverse: ✠•RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•C•, Shield with Árpadian(Hungarian) stripes.
exergue, mint mark: n/*//--, diameter:15,0-16,0mm, weight: 0,53g, axis:5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare), date: after 1430 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-450.g., CNH-2-124A, Huszár-578, Pohl-118-18,
Q-001

Sigismund of Luxemburg
1 commentsquadrans
Sigismund-Ducat-s.jpg
032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455-i., #0186 views032 Sigismund, ( Sigismund of Luxemburg)., King of Hungary, (1387-1437 A.D.) AR-Ducat, U-455-i., #01
avers: Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
reverse: Saint Ladislas standing facing, holding halberd and orb; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: n/I//--, diameter:10,5mm, weight: 0,27g, axis:0h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare), date: 1427-1430 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-455-i., CNH-2-128, Huszár-584, Pohl-123-09,
Q-001
quadrans
033_Albert_(1437-1439_AD)_Den_U-461-i_C2-135B_H-592_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE_-_n-S_1438-40_AD,_Q-001_6h_13,5-14,2mm_0,44g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #01110 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #01
avers: ✠ m•ALBERTI•R•VnGARIЄ, Patriarchal Cross, n-S, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), a border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: n/S//-- , diameter: 13,5-14,2mm, weight: 0,44g, axis:6h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania: Baia Mare, Stephanus Remetei by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl),
ref: Unger-461-i., CNH-2-135B, Huszár-592, Pohl-127-08,
Q-001
quadrans
032_Albert_(1437-1439_AD),_AR-Den,_H-592,_C2-135B,_U-461_i_,_P-127-8,_m_ALBERTI_R_VnGARIE,_n-S,_1440_AD,_Q-002,_11h,_14-14,5mm,_0,39g-s.jpg
033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #0255 views033 Albert., King of Hungary, (1437-1439 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-592, C2-135B, U-461.i., P-127-08, #02
avers: ✠ m•ALBERTI•R•VnGARIЄ, Patriarchal Cross, n-S, in a circle, line border.
reverse: Four-part shield (Hungarian stripes in the middle, Czech lion, Austrian band, Moravian eagle around), a border of dots,
exergue, mint mark: n/S//-- , diameter: 14,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,39g, axis:11h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania: Baia Mare, Stephanus Remetei by Pohl), date:1439 A.D. (by Pohl),
ref: Unger-461-i., CNH-2-135B, Huszár-592, Pohl-127-08,
Q-002
1 commentsquadrans
Ant_Pius_ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III_GENIVS-POP-ROMANI_RIC-III-070a-p-14_C-403_140-3-AD_Q-001_7h_16-17mm_2,68g-s.jpg
035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0070a, Rome, AR-Denarius, GENIVS POP ROMANI, Genius standing front,135 views035 Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.), RIC III 0070a, Rome, AR-Denarius, GENIVS POP ROMANI, Genius standing front,
avers:- ANTONINVS-AVG-PIVS-P-P-TR-P-COS-III, Bare head right.
revers:- GENIVS-POP-ROMANI, Genius standing front, head right, with scepter and cornucopiae.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16,0-17,0 mm, weight: 2,68g, axis: 7h,
mint: Rome, date: 140-143 A.D., ref: RIC-III-70a-p-14, RSC-405, BMC-207,
Q-001
2 commentsquadrans
Ulaszlo-I__(1440-1444_AD)_AR-Denar_U-469_f-C2-149A_H-598_m_WLADIS-LAI_REGIS_Q-001_h_mm_ga-s.jpg
035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469-f., #0186 views035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-469-f., #01
avers: ✠m•WLADIS LAI•RЄGIS, Patriarchal cross, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
reverse: ✠ amongst three arches, three shields in the arches (Hungarian stripes, Polish eagle, Lithuanian knight); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: G/B//--, diameter: mm, weight: g, axis: h,
mint: Hungary, Keve, (Cuvin, today Romania, by Pohl), date:1441 A.D.( by Pohl), ref: Unger-469-f., CNH-2-149A, Huszár-598, Pohl-135-06,
Q-001
quadrans
Ulaszlo-I__(1440-1444_AD)_AR-Denar_U-475_j-C2-143A_H-609_1444-AD_mOnETA_WLADIS-LAI_DE_REGIS_VnGARIE_ET_CE_G-n_Q-001_1h_17,5mm_0,75ga-s.jpg
035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-j., #01139 views035 Ulászló I. (Wladislas I.)., King of Hungary, (1440-1444 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-475-j., #01
avers: ✠mOnЄTA•WLADISLAI•DЄI, Polish eagle standing left in circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: ✠RЄGIS•VnGARIЄ•ЄT•CЄT, Two-part Hungarian shield (stripes and patriarchal cross) in circle of dots, mint-mark on each side; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: G/B//--, diameter: 17,5mm, weight: 0,75g, axis:1h,
mint: Hungary, Keve, (Cuvin, today Romania, by Pohl), date: 1444 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Unger-475-j., CNH-2-143A, Huszár-609, Pohl-147-07,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485var_C2-156_H-618_TEmP-E-IhAnIS_m-REG-VnGAR-E_n-P_Q-001_11h_13mm_0,40g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, 485-d.var., #01,87 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, 485-d.var., #01,
avers: TEMPO•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-P or n-P); border of dots.
reverse: ✠ m•REGIS•VGRE (legend variation), Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/P//--, diameter: 13mm, weight: 0,40g, axis: 11h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-d.var., CNH-2-156, Huszár-618, Pohl-175-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485_d_C2-156_H-618_TEmPORE-IOhAnIS_m-RGnI_VnGARIE_h-P_Q-001_6h_12,5-13mm_0,56g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-d., #01,95 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-d., #01,
avers: TEMPORE IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-P); border of dots.
reverse: ✠m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/P//--, diameter: 12-13mm, weight: 0,56g, axis: 6h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-d., CNH-2-156, Huszár-618, Pohl-175-04,
Q-001
quadrans
Janos-Hunyadi_(1446-1453_AD)_Den_U-485_e_C2-156_H-618_TEmPORE_IOhAnIS_m_REGnI_VnGARIE_h-cX_Q-001_7h_13-13,5mm_0,59g-s.jpg
037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,86 views037 János (Johannes or John) Hunyadi., Gubernator of Hungary, (1446-1453 A.D.) AR-billon Denarius, U-485-e., #01,
avers: TEMPORE•IOhAnIS (legend variation), Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (h-c˟), border of dots.
reverse: ✠m•REGnI•VnGARIE, Hungarian shield with Árpadian stripes in circle; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/c˟//--, were srucked by Christophorus de Florentia, (by Pohl). diameter: 13-13,5mm, weight: 0,59g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date: 1446 A.D.(by Pohl), ref: Unger-485-e., CNH-2-156, Huszar-618, Pohl-175-05,
Q-001
quadrans
039_Laszlo-V_(Ladislaus_V_)_as_King_(1453-1457)_Denar_U-525e_C2-186_H-668_Q-001_h_mm_g-s.jpg
039 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-525-e., #0193 views039 László V. “Posthumous” (Ladislaus V.) as King of Hungary, (1453-1457 A.D.), AR Denarius, U-525-e., #01
avers: mOn•LAD ISLAI•RЄ, Patriarchal Cross, h-O, circle of dots; border of dots.
reverse: VnGAR IЄ•ЄTC, circle of dots; border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/O//-- were struck by Oswald Wenzel (by Pohl), diameter: mm, weight: g, axis:h,
mint: Hungary, Nagyszegben (Hermanstadt, today Romania: Sibiu, by Pohl), date:1457 A.D., ref: Unger-525-e., CNH-2-186, Huszár-668, Pohl-190-03,
Q-001
quadrans
V932.jpg
03c Domitian as Caesar RIC 93260 viewsĆ As, 10.65g
Rome mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IIII; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: S C in field; Spes stg. l., with flower
RIC 932 (C). BMC -. BNC -.
Acquired from Ken Dorney, January 2019.

Spes, the goddess of hope, is seen here as an 'heir apparent' type. She is represented on Roman coins as a young girl, reminiscent of earlier Greek statures depicting Elpis. H. Mattingly in BMCRE II says 'the flower held by Spes is an opening bud, she is raising her skirt in order to hasten forward'. Spes occurs quite commonly throughout the Flavian coinage and is frequently paired up with the young Domitian Caesar, likely expressing a hope or expectation for future dynastic success. It is very Ironic that Spes is often associated with Domitian Caesar on the coinage, considering he would later be the family member most responsible for the dynasty's downfall in 96. Surprisingly, this common Spes type is not in the BM.

The obverse features a quintessential Flavian portrait - unflattering hook nose with full and heavy facial features. Pleasant dark green patina.
2 commentsDavid Atherton
__57_(4)(3)_gordianIII_tet.JPG
04 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Antioch, Syria - Tetradrachm.

NGC certified - " Choice XF - 5/5, 4/5 "
1 commentsrexesq
__57_(5)(3).JPG
04 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria.8 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Antioch, Syria - Tetradrachm.

NGC certified - " Choice XF - 5/5, 4/5 "
rexesq
__57_(4)(3).JPG
04 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria.9 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Antioch, Syria - Tetradrachm.

NGC certified - " Choice XF - 5/5, 4/5 "
rexesq
__57_(3)(1).JPG
04 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria.9 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Antioch, Syria - Tetradrachm.

NGC certified - " Choice XF - 5/5, 4/5 "
rexesq
__57_(2)(1).JPG
04 - Gordian III AR Tetradrachm, Antioch, Syria.9 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Gordian III (238 - 244 AD)
Antioch, Syria - Tetradrachm.

NGC certified - " Choice XF - 5/5, 4/5 "
rexesq
hadrian_ar-denarius_-scales_feb2012.jpg
04 - Hadrian Denarius - Moneta standing.36 views~
~~~
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian ( 117 - 138 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint.

obv: IMP CAESAR TRAJAN HADRIANUS AUG - Laureate head of Emperor Hadrian facing right.
rev: PM TR P COS III - Moneta (?) standing holding scales in one hand and cornucopia in other.

3.1 Grams
~~~
~
2 commentsrexesq
trajan_alexandria-egypt_tetradrachm_regnal-year-5_101-102AD_eagle_01.jpg
04 - Trajan Tetradrachm - 101/102 AD - Eagle38 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Trajan (98 - 117 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5 = (101 / 102 AD)

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate head right.

rev: Eagle standing facing right; 'L E' (date) in either field.
3 commentsrexesq
Hunyadi-Matyas_(Mathias-Corvinus)_(1458-1490_A_D_)_U-556h_C2-228_H-706_Q-001_5h_14,5-15mm_0,53g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #0185 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #01
avers: ✠•MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ X, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (n-Є); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: n/Є//-- were struck by Emericus Szapolyai (by Pohl), diameter: 14,4-15mm, weight: 0,53g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare, by Pohl), date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556-h., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-08,
Q-001
quadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Den_U-556-h_C2-228_H-706_mOnETA_mAThIE_D_EI_G,_REGIS_hV-nGARIE_,_n-E,_Q-002,_2h,_13-14mm,_0,72g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #02179 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-706, C2-228, U-556.h., P-206-08, #02
avers: ✠•mONЄTA•mAThIЄ•D•ЄI•G•, Two-part shield (Hungarian (Árpádian) stripes, a raven with ring) in a circle; border of dots.
reverse: RЄGIS•hV nGARIAЄ, Patriarchal cross in circle, mint-mark on each side (n-Є); border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: n/Є//-- were struck by Emericus Szapolyai (by Pohl), diameter: 13,0-14,5mm, weight: 0,72g, axis: 2h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare, by Pohl), date: 1463 A.D., ref: Unger-556-h., CNH-2-228, Huszár-706, Pohl-206-08,
Q-002
quadrans
Hunyadi-Matyas_(Mathias-Corvinus)_(1458-1490_A_D_)_U-557f_C2-219_H-708_Q-001_7h_16,3-16,9mm_0,72g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.f, P-208-06, h/L//--, #01136 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, H-708, C2-219, U-557.f, P-208-06, h/L//--, #01
avers: ✠MONЄTA•MAThIЄ•DG, Two-part Hungarian shield (Hungarian stripes, Krown and a lion of Hunyadi) in a circle, the border of dots.
reverse: •RЄGIS•hVnGARIAЄ•(left to right), Patriarchal cross on the crown in a circle, mint-mark on each side (h-L), the border of dots.
exergue, mint mark: h/L//-- were struck by Laurentius Bajoni (by Pohl), diameter: 16,3-16,9mm, weight: 0,72g, axis: 7h,
mint: Hungary, Hermanstadt (the Hungarian name are: Nagyszeben, nowadays in Romania name: Sibiu), date: 1464 A.D., ref: Huszár-708, CNH-2-219, Unger-557.f, Pohl 208-06,
Q-001
quadrans
Matyas-Hunyadi_Denar_U_563x_C2-236_H-716_m_mAThIE_R_hVnGARIE__PATROn-VnGAR__n_hammers_Q-001_5h_15,5-160mm_0,49g-s.jpg
040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #0199 views040 Mátyás Hunyadi., (Matthias Corvinus), King of Hungary, (1458-1490 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-562.m., Madonna and child, #01
avers: m mAThIЄ•R hVnGARЄ, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Inside of the central shield, the raven standing and turning left. The ring in its beak, (Legend variation!).
reverse: PATROn VnGARЄ, Madonna sitting on a veil on her head, holding infant Jesus in her right arm, mint-mark on each side; border of dots. (Legend variation!).
exergue, mint mark: n/ hammers//--, were struck by Bürgertschaft, (by Pohl), diameter: 15,5-16,0mm, weight: 0,51g, axis: 5h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (today Romania : Baia Mare) by Pohl,
date: 1470 A.D. (Pohl), ref: Unger-562.m., CNH-2-235A, Huszár-717, Pohl-216-13,
Q-001

quadrans
Ulaszlo_II_,_AR-Den,_H-807,_C2-272B,_U-641c,_P-242-3,_WLADISLAI_R_VNGARI_,_PATRO_N__VNGAR,_n-A,_1505_AD,_Q-001,_4h,15,5mm,_0,61g-s.jpg
041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #0177 views041 Ulászló II. (Wladislas II., Jagellion)., King of Hungary, (1490-1516 A.D.) AR Denarius, U-641c, P-242-3, #01
avers: •WLADISLAI•R*VNGARI, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian (Hungarian) stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, and Bohemian lion). The Polish eagle in the inner shield. Interesting legend variation, than to start the legend the "M"(oneta) is absent!
reverse: PATRO N•VNGAR, Crowned Madonna with the child in her right arm.
diameter: 15,5mm, weight: 0,61g, axis: 4h,
mint: Hungary, Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania), mint mark:n-A (Pohl), struck by Ambrosius Literatus (by Pohl),
date: 1505 A.D. (by Pohl), ref: Huszar-807, CNH-2-272B, Unger-641c, Pohl-242-3,
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
Commodus_AR-Den_L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL_HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG_RIC-III-254a-p-395_C-_Rome_192-AD_Scarce_Q-001_axis-6h_16-16,5mm_2,67g-s.jpg
041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !86 views041b Commodus (166-180 A.D. as Caesar, 180-192 A.D. as Augustus), RIC III 0254a, Rome, AR-denarius, HERCVLI ROMANO AVG, Hercules ang trophy, Scarce !
avers:- L-AEL-AVREL-COMM-AVG-P-FEL, Laureate head right.
revers:- HERCVLI-ROMANO-AVG, Hercules standing left, touching trophy and holding club with lion skin.
exerg: -/-//--, diameter: 16-16,5mm, weight: 2,67g, axes: 6h,
mint: Rome, date: 192 A.D., ref: RIC-III-254a, p-395, C-, S-5646,
Q-001
quadrans
RI_044x_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -49 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right with slight drapery on far shoulder (Legend reversed as AVGVSTVS HADRIANVS)
Rev:- COS III, Victory standing right holding wreath and palm (Legend reversed as III COS)
Minted in Eastern Mint. A.D. 129-131
Reference:– BMCRE -. Strack -. RIC -. RSC -. Apparently unpublished.

Strack knew just three Eastern denarii with this transposed obv. legend, including one with a Minerva standing rev. type in the Trau coll., Strack's pl. XVIII, *18. Curtis Clay has another example with this obverse with the Minerva type. This would appear to be a fifth specimen from this obverse die but with a new reverse type.

Additional information on this coin from Curtis Clay:-
"Interesting. Apparently a new rev. type on the Eastern denarii, of uncertain origin.

That's admittedly a fairly standard Victory advancing right rev. type, but I find no such type on any denarius of Hadrian from the mint of Rome, nor on his Asian cistophori.

A similar type does occur on Hadrian's silver quinarii, and on a rather scarce denarius of Trajan struck in 112 but these seem unlikely sources for a type on Hadrian's Eastern denarii.

Moreover on the Roman coins Victory grasps the stem of the palm over her shoulder in her left fist, thumb upwards, whereas on the Eastern denarius she palms the stem, holding it with her downwards pointing thumb while apparently keeping her fingers extended. I imagine that this detail may go back to the source copied, since it seems unlikely that the engraver changed it on his own whim."
maridvnvm
RI_044ae_img.jpg
044 - Hadrian Denarius - RIC -79 viewsObv:- HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate bust right
Rev:- COS III, Genius, draped at waist, standing left, holding patera and cornucopia, no altar
Minted in eastern mint.

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-

"I don't doubt the Genius coin is Eastern, though I don't find that obv. die among the many illustrated by Strack.

The letter forms are typical, for example P P at end of obv. legend tending to look like I I, and the slanting S of COS on the reverse. The slightly clumsy style of the types is also typical.

As you say,the Roman model showed an altar before the Genius. Eastern specimens are known accurately copying that type, with altar, Strack *31. ....... Yours is a new variant, with altar omitted. "
2 commentsmaridvnvm
Rudolf_(1576-1608_AD),_AR-Gross,_1601,_N-B,_H-1049,_CNH_III__150,_U-805,_Q-001,_11h,_23,5-24mm,_1,56g-s.jpg
046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!128 views046 Rudolf, (Rudolph II. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1576-1608 A.D.), AR-Groschen, H-1049, CNH III.-150, U-805, N-B, 1601, Rare!
avers: ֍ RVDOL•II•D:G•RO•IM•S•AV•GE•HVN•B•R•, Crowned Madonna sits with child on her right arm. N-B crossed the field.
reverse: •MONETA•NOVA•ANNODOMINI•1601, Ornamented, Hungarian shield, four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, Bohemian lion). Central shield is Austrian shield. All in
diameter: 23,5-24,0mm, weight: 1,56g, axis: 11h,
exergue, mint mark: N/B//--, mint: Nagybánya, (today Romania: Baia Mare), date: 1601 A.D.,
ref: Huszár-1049, CNH III.-150, Unger-805,
Q-001
quadrans
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_001.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP'59 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams
5 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_03_rev_04.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .29 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' .44 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
1 commentsrexesq
caracalla_silver-ant_serapis_pmtrp-xviiii-cos-iiii-pp_25c_obv_02.jpg
05 - Caracalla AR Antoninianus - Serapis 'P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII PP' . US Quarter.28 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Emperor Caracalla (AD 198 - 217)
Silver Antoninianus (double denarius) Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINUS PIVS AVG GERM - Radiate bust right, draped. Seen from behind.

rev: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII PP - Serapis standing with raised hand and holding a sceptre in other.

5.03 Grams

**Slightly off color due to new lighting setup**
rexesq
hadrian_tet_eagle_12_1gr_year-5_00.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 525 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
4 commentsrexesq
DSC06723_DSC06731_hadrian_tet.JPG
05 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Eagle - Regnal Year: 5 21 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Regnal Year: 5

obv: Laureate bust of Hadrian facing right. Crescent Moon to right, below and in front of chin.
rev: Eagle standing facing right. Date in fields to either side.

Size: 26 x 23.5 mm
Weight: 12.1 Grams
rexesq
ciibh1.jpg
05 Constantius II65 viewsBGN353 - Constantius II (A.D. 337-361), Pre-Magnentian Revolt, AE Centenionalis, 21mm, 5.14g., Arles mint, first officina, A.D. 348-350, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of the Emperor right, A behind head, rev., FEL TEMP REPARATIO, PARL in exergue, helmeted soldier spearing fallen horseman, A in field, (RIC 119/121-22; Bridgnorth Report #79), very fine. RIC Arles 118

Ex Bridgnorth Hoard, Shropshire, England, buried circa A.D. 355, discovered 2007.

"On October 10th, 2007 a metal detectorist discovered a large scattered hoard of late Roman coins that had been disturbed by deep plowing in a potato field near Bridgnorth, Shropshire. His subsequent actions are praised in the UK government 2007 Portable Antiquities and Treasure Annual Report, where local finds officer Peter Reavill states: “The finder is to be congratulated on the careful plotting and speedy reporting of this hoard as it enabled the excavation to take place and vital depositional information recorded. In turn, this minimised the impact to the landowner and his farming activity.” The majority of hoards that come to light are found outside of planned archaeological excavations, the original owner having selected a secluded spot to conceal his or her wealth away from human habitation, leading to loss of information on the archaeological context of the hoard. In this instance, swift action and close cooperation by the finder and the local Finds Liaison Officer led to an excavation of the findspot. The results of which showed that the hoard had been contained in a large pottery vessel (broken by the plow), most probably previously used as a cooking pot as evidenced by burns marks on the outer edges. The pot had been buried in a U-shaped gulley or ditch that formed part of an otherwise unknown late Roman site.

The hoard consisted of 2892 coins, ranging in date from a Reform Antoninianus of Probus to post Magnentian issues of Constantius II up to A.D. 355. The majority of the hoard was issues of Magnentius and Decentius (75%), followed by pre-Magnentian issues of Constantius II and Constans (18%) and closing with post Magnentian issues of Constantius II and Gallus (7%)."
Better Photo
1 commentsRandygeki(h2)
Diocletian-Lug-RIC-177a.jpg
05 Diocletian: Lugdunum follis.21 viewsFollis, 303-305 AD, Lugdunum mint.
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate bust of Diocletian facing left.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, altar at feet, chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera, and cornucopiae. Star in right field.
Mint mark: PLC
8.52 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #177a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
domitian as caesar wolf and twins.JPG
05 Domitian as Caesar RIC 961149 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Rome Mint, 77-78 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r.
Rev: COS V; She-wolf and twins l. : in ex., boat
RIC 961 (C2). BMC 240. RSC 51. BNC 208.
Ex eBay, February 2007.

The first instance of the she-wolf and twins reverse as a type on Roman Imperial coins. Domitian Caesar, unlike Titus Caesar, used different reverse types than his father Vespasian. The she-wolf and twins is unique to Domitan's coinage. One wonders how much leverage Domitian had for choosing his own reverse designs.

A wonderful coin with good metal and a pleasing portrait. The picture does not reflect this very well however.

2 commentsVespasian70
I_Lipot_3kr_1694_U-1089_H-1469_N-B_P-O_Q-001_0h_20-21,5mm_1_37g-s.jpg
050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-3-Groschen, U-1089, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, N/B//P-O, 1694, #01228 views050 Leopoldus I., (Leopoldus I. of Habsburg), King of Hungary, (1657-1705 A.D.), AR-3-Groschen, U-1089, Madonna and the child in the Mandorla, N/B//P-O, 1694, #01
avers:- LEOPOLD•D•G•R•[3,as value sign] I•S•A•G•H•B•R•, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, below in value sign 3.
revers:- •S•IMMAC•VIR• [coat of arms] M•MAT•D•P•H• 16-94, Madonna in the Mandorla, the child in her right hand, below crowned coat of arms, mint marks and mint marks on the side.
diameter: 20,0-21,5mm, weight: 1,37g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: N/B//P-O, Nagybánya, (today Romania : Baia Mare),
date: 1694 A.D., ref: Unger-1089, Huszar-1469,
Q-001
3 commentsquadrans
Bar-Kochba-Hendin-734.jpg
053. 2'nd Jewish (bar Kokhba) Revolt.16 viewsZuz (denarius), attributed to Year 3 (134-35 AD).
Obverse: (Shim'on) / Bunch of Grapes.
Reverse: (For the Freedom of Jerusalem) / Lyre with three strings.
3.19 gm., 18.5 mm.
Mildenberg #205.19 (this coin); Hendin #734.

This coin likely started out as a denarius of one of the Roman emperors between Vespasian and Hadrian. Many coins of the Second Jewish Revolt show traces of the earlier Roman coin. This coin is no exception, and traces of the previous coin can be seen on the obverse in and around the bunch of grapes.

The bunch of grapes on the obverse is an ancient symbol of blessing and fertility. As such it occasionally appears on ancient coins of other areas besides this series. Given the messianic nature of the Bar Kokhba revolt, the bunch of grapes takes on added significance because in Jewish prophetic literature, grapes (and the vine or vineyard) are often symbolic of the restoration of Israel, or even symbolic of Israel itself.

The lyre on the reverse is associated with temple worship, as are trumpets, which are also found on coins of the Bar Kokhba Revolt. King David is mentioned as playing a lyre, and there are numerous Biblical references to praising the Lord with the lyre and trumpets. (The word "kinnor," sometimes translated as "harp," is really a type of lyre.) Even today the lyre is an important Jewish symbol and the state of Israel has chosen to portray it on the half New Israeli Sheqel coin.
Callimachus
Lotharingiai_Ferenc_(_-1765_AD),_1kr,_1758,_U-1298a_H-1821_K-B_Q-001_0h_15,0mm_0,75g-s.jpg
055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-1 Kreuzer, U-1298a, H-1821, K-B/1758, #01112 views055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-1 Kreuzer, U-1298a, H-1821, K-B/1758, #01
Franc I. was also a Holy Roman Emperor and King in Germany.
avers: FRANC•D:G•R•I• S•A•GE•IER•REX•, Emperor bust right, border of dots.
revers: IN TE DOMINE• -1- SPERAVI •1758•, Crowned two-headed eagle, shield on chest, mint-mark on each side, mark of value "1" below, border of dots.
diameter: 15,0mm, weight: 0,75g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//1, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1758 A.D., ref: Unger-3 1298a/1758, Huszar 1821/1758,
Q-001
quadrans
Lotharingiai_Ferenc_(_-1765_AD),_3kr,_1765,_U-1296a_H-1815_K-B_Q-001_0h_20,0mm_1,67g-s.jpg
055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-3 Kreuzer, U-1296a, H-1815, K-B/1765, #01110 views055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-3 Kreuzer, U-1296a, H-1815, K-B/1765, #01
Franc I. was also a Holy Roman Emperor and King in Germany.
avers: FRANC•D:G•R•I•S•A•GE•IER•R•LO•B•M•H•D, Emperor bust right, border of dots.
revers: IN THE DOMINE• -3- SPERAVI •1765• X, Crowned two-headed eagle, shield on chest, mint-mark on each side, mark of value "3" below; border of dots.
diameter: 20,0mm, weight: 1,67g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//3, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1765 A.D., ref: Unger-3 1296a/1765, Huszar 1815/1765,
Q-001
quadrans
Lotharingiai_Ferenc_(_-1765_AD),_XVIIkr,_1765,_U-1291b_H-1803_K-B_Q-001_0h_28,0mm_5,92g-s.jpg
055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-XVII Kreuzer, U-1291b, H-1803, K-B/1765, #01107 views055 Ferenc of Lotharingia, (Franc I. Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty), Husband of Maria Theresa (Qeen of Hungary), ( -1765 AD A.D.), AR-XVII Kreuzer, U-1291b, H-1803, K-B/1765, #01
Franc I. was also a Holy Roman Emperor and King in Germany.
avers: FRANC•D:G•R•I•S•A•GE•IER•R•LO•B•M•H•D•, Emperor bust right, border of dots.
revers: IN THE DOMINE• -XVII- SPER AVI •1765• X, Crowned two-headed eagle, shield on chest, mint-mark on each side, mark of value XVII below; border of dots.
diameter: 28,0mm, weight: 5,92g, axis: 0h,
mint: Hungary, mint mark: K/B//XVII, Körmöcbánya, (Kremnitz, today Slovakia: Kremnica),
date: 1765 A.D., ref: Unger-3 1291b/1765, Huszar 1803/1765,
Q-001
quadrans
Roman_Bronze_black.jpg
056/3 Spanish imitation in good style29 viewsAnonymous. Ae Semis. Second or first century BC. (6.58 g, 20.55 mm) Obv: Laureate head of Saturn r.; behind, S. Rev: Prow r.; above, S and below, ROMA.
Syd 143a; Crawford 56/3

In 1982 a conference report was published that contained a joint debate between Crawford and the Spanish numismatist Villaronga. Villaronga illustrated a number of coins from site finds near Cadiz, and concluded that they were good style Spanish imitations. Every year about 10 or 20 similar coins appear on the Spanish market, but none appear in Italian sources.

Thank you Mccabe for helping with the attribution.
Paddy
56_4_PanoramaBlack1.jpg
056/4 Subgroup 85 & 86A AE Triens60 viewsAnonymous. Ae Triens. Apulia. 212-208 BC. (9.08 g, 23.72 g) Obv: Helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above. Rev: ROMA, prow right, four pellets below.

Originally defined as Crawford 56/4, this type of Triens have been assigned to subgroup 85 & 86A. This is a Q or H triens, that is missing the Q or H. Andrew McCabe gives the subgroup the number F1 which has the following characteristics:

"Mint: Apulia. Second Punic war. Related to RRC 85 H, and RRC 86 anchor and Q. Obverses are in high relief. The general style, for examples Janus, or Hercules’ truncation, or the regular reverse prow, is like RRC 86 anchor and Q. Reverses of Sextans and Quadrans have either regular, or Luceria style, prows with a club in an elevated fighting platform. On regular reverses, the top and central keel lines join half way across prow. Flans are thin and broad akin to late issues of Luceria. All denominations As through Sextans are known."

"The regular reverse prow is tall (height/width) with a fighting platform and deck structure elevated more than usual, and there is always a line extending either side of the deck structure. The keel-lines are also distinctive, with the middle of the three lines always converging with the top line half way across the prow... These specific design features – especially the middle keel line converging with the upper line half way across the prow – are identical with and typical of the RRC 86A Q series from Apulia58... The obverses of all denominations are in high relief, and show high quality engraving."

"So a close geographic and timing link between the Anchor Q, H, L, L-T, CA and P coins can be posited. These coins are certainly a second Punic war issue from Apulia. It remains open for discussion which city minted these group F1 coins, presumably alongside the RRC 85 and RRC 86 issues."

This is one out of six specimens: "F1 Triens: 6 coins, mean 9.4 grams, heaviest 10.5 grams".

All quotes are from the work of Andrew McCabe.

Link to thread at Forvm Ancient Coins: http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=90604.0

On this topic at Andrew McCabe's homepage: http://andrewmccabe.ancients.info/RRC056.html

I would strongly recommend anyone who wants to learn more about Roman Republican coins to give Andrew McCabe's homepage a visit.


1 commentsPaddy
Livia_Pergamon_R694.jpg
058 BC - AD 026 - LIVIA DRVSILLA8 viewsLivia

Livia Drusilla was the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus throughout his reign, as well as his adviser.


for obverse, reverse and coin details click here
shanxi
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_AD140-144_aequitas-aug_01.jpg
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius 'AEQUITAS AUG'31 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius 'AEQUITAS' - Struck 140 - 144 AD at the Rome Mint

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right
rev: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left holding scales and sceptre.

3.1 Grams
1 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_00.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA55 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
4 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_04_rev_05.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA18 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_02_rev_03.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA32 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
2 commentsrexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_01_rev_01.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA15 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_obv_05.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA - obv17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_ar-denarius_ITALIA_3_1gr_rev_07.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius - AR Denarius - ITALIA - rev12 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD)
Silver Denarius. Rome Mint. Struck 140 AD.

obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P COS III - laureate head right.

rev: ITA LIA - Italia in turreted crown, seated left on globe with cornucopiae & scepter.

weight: 3.1grams
rexesq
antoninus-pius_marcus-aurelius_denarius_01.JPG
06 - Antoninus Pius AR Denarius, bare head of Marcus Aurelius reverse.8 viewsAncient Roman Empire.
Silver Denarius struck under Emperor Antoninus Pius(138 - 161 AD); with Marcus Aurelius as Caesar. Rome Mint.

obv: ANTONINUS AUG PIUS PP TRP COS III - Laureate head of Emperor Antoninus Pius facing right.

rev: AURELIUS CAESAR AUG PII F COS - Bare head of a young Marcus Aurelius facing right.
rexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012a.JPG
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF56 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

*Note how the two head feathers on the top of the Peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in " CONSECR ATIO ' on the reverse.
***Less common type with Veiled bust obverse rather than her usual bust with hair wrapped on the top of her head, like on my other example of this type with the same reverse design and titles, and the same obverse titles.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>^..^< CLICK PHOTO FOR FULLSIZE IMAGE >^..^
5 commentsrexesq
faustina-sr_den_veiled-bust-peacock_2_82gr_feb2012b.jpg
06 - Faustina I - 02 - AR Denarius - Peacock 'CONSECRATIO' - NGC Choice VF.15 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Senior (138 - 141), Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius (AD 138 - 161).
Silver Denarius, Struck at the Rome Mint by the Emperor Antoninus Pius to consecrate and commemorate his wife after her death.

(All Titles in Latin)
obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Veiled and Draped bust facing right.
rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
~~
*Note how the head feathers on the peacock's head seperate the 'R' and the 'A' in CONSECR ATIO

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Certified "Choice Very Fine" by NGC Ancients.
Strike: 4/5
Surface: 4/5
----------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------
** Any scratches, smudges or marks are on the slab, not the coin itself. **
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_peacock_2_62gr_00.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' 30 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.

rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_01_rev_02.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0122 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_04_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0212 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_14_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0312 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_obv_13_rev_04.JPG
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - 0415 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_06_off-color.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - off color10 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.
Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.
2.62 grams.
*photo is off color due to my camera problems.
rexesq
faustina-I_AR-denarius_AD147-161_consecratio_peacock_2_62gr_rev_09.jpg
06 - Faustina I - AR Denarius - Peacock, 'CONSECRATIO' - VII11 viewsAnnia Galeria Faustina (AD 138-141) Silver Denarius.
Rome mint, AD 147-161. Died 141 AD. Cohen 175, RIC 384.
Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.

Obv: DIVA FAUSTINA - Draped bust right.
Rev: CONSECR ATIO - Peacock facing right, head left, standing on scepter with knobs on both ends.

Note the Peacock's headfeathers sticking up between the 'R' and 'A' of 'CONSECRATIO'.

2.62 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_3x_tet_den_den_obv_01.jpg
06 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - Hadrian Denarii35 viewsTop: Hadrian Tetradrachm from Alexandria, Egypt. Eirene reverse. 12.65 grams.

Bottom Right: Hadrian AR Denarius, Roma reverse. Rome Mint. 3.22 grams.
Bottom Left: Hadrian AR Denarius, Fortuna reverse. Rome Mint.
(More photos and photos of reverses of both Denarii in my "Roman Imperial Denarii" Gallery)
1 commentsrexesq
Nero_RIC_I_15.jpg
06 Nero RIC I 1539 viewsNero. 54-68 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint. 54 A.D. Oct.-Dec.. (3.43g, 19.1mm, 9h) . Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right. Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P IIII PP around oak-wreath enclosing EX SC. RIC I 15 (R2).

A worn but scarce pre-reform denarius from early in Nero’s reign. Despite the wear, the weight of this specimen is quite nice. The EX SC with the oak wreath could allude to the Senate’s awarding of the corona civica to Nero. This specimen also has a very unusual die axis for imperial coinage of the Roman mint from this time.
1 commentsLucas H
constantius2.jpg
062. Constantius II, 337-361AD. AE Centenionalis.74 viewsConstantius II. AE Centenionalis. Heraclea mint. 348-51CE.

Obv. Diademed, draped bust holding globe D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG.

Rev. Emperor in military dress standing left, holding standard with chi-rho on banner and resting left hand on shield, in front of Emperor are two captives standing FEL TEMP REPARATIO Exe: SMHA.

RIC VIII, 69 Scarce, 5.61g.

A beautiful bust, which it is possibly to recreate with only a bed sheet and a single Terry's Chocolate Orange
LordBest
constantiusgallus.jpg
062A. Constantius Gallus, 351-354AD. AE2.119 viewsAE2. Constantinople mint.

Obv. Bare head bust right, draped and cuirassed D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES.

Rev. Soldier spearing horseman left, down and holding neck of horse with one hand and reaching back with the other arm FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO. Exe: CONSS

RIC VIII, 120 (s) Scarce, page 458 - LRBC #2040/ 3.06 g
LordBest
RI_064fl_img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC -50 viewsObv:– IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, Laureate head right
Rev:– TR P IIII IMP II COS II, Mars standing right, resting on spear and shield
Minted in Alexandria, A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE -, RIC -, RSC -. RIN (Rivista Italiana di Nvmismatica Vol. XCVI (1994/1995)

2.72g. 17.78mm. 0o

Additional information from Curtis Clay:-
"Die match to example in British Museum, found at the site of a Roman villa in Kent, GB, in 1952. The same obv. die also occurs with the types MONETA AVG and LEG III IT AVG TR P COS.
Bickford-Smith recorded three other specimens, of which I also have plaster casts: his own coll. (probably now in BM), Klosterneuburg, and U.S. private collection. On these the rev. legend apparently ends COS rather than COS II.
This type was clearly struck in 194, when Septimius was TR P II and IMP III or IIII, so TR P IIII IMP II in the rev. legend is an error, the origin of which is obvious: the type is a rote copy of the identical type and legend on denarii of Lucius Verus of 164, Cohen 228-9. The titles apply to Lucius in 164, not Septimius in 194!"
maridvnvm
RI 064eu img.jpg
064 - Septimius Severus denarius - RIC 04333 viewsObv:– L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII, Laureate head right
Rev:– GENIVS P R, Genius of the Roman People standing left holding patera over lit altar & cornucopia
Minted in Rome between A.D. 194
References:– BMCRE 81, RIC 43, RSC 209
maridvnvm
Commodus-RIC-192.jpg
069. Commodus.16 viewsDenarius, 189 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT / Laureate bust of Commodus.
Reverse: OPTIME MAXIME C V P P / Jupiter standing, holding thunderbolt and spear.
3.37 gm., 18 mm.
RIC #192; Sear #5664.

Jupiter was called optimus for his beneficence, and maximus for his power. These were also qualities Commodus attributed to himself. This coin and a similar brass coin also of Commodus, represent the only time the inscription OPTIME MAXIME appear on Roman coinage.
Callimachus
06c-Constantine-Ser-026.jpg
06c. Constantine as Caesar: Serdica follis.57 viewsFollis, July 306 - Spring 307, Serdica mint.
Obverse: FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAESAR / Laureate bust of Constantine.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, chlamys over left shoulder, pouring liquid from patera, holding cornucopiae. A in right field.
Mint mark: . SM . SD .
8.28 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #26; PBCC #848; Sear #15532.

RIC (vol VI, p. 489) says of this coin: " Rare for the Augusti, and very rare for the Caesars. This was evidently a small issue." This was the first issue to have Constantine on it, and due to political considerations, the last at Serdica. If you want a coin from each of the 19 mints that produced coins for Constantine, Serdica is the hardest to find.
2 commentsCallimachus
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_08_rev_05.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES12 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
rexesq
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_01_rev_04.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES23 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
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2 commentsrexesq
faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_obv_09_rev_06.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES17 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
rexesq
faustina-jr_AR-Denarius_CERES_00.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES25 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
2 commentsrexesq
Copy_of_faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_w-quarter_obv_01.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES - with US 25 Cent coin.8 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
--------------------------------
*US Quarter Dollar (25 cents) to right, for size comparison.
--------------------------------
rexesq
Copy_of_faustina-jr_AR-denarius_CERES_3_4gr_w-quarter_obv_05.JPG
07 - Faustina Jr. - AR Denarius - CERES - with US 25 Cent coin.12 viewsAncient Roman Empire
Empress Faustina Jr. (161 - 175 AD)
also known as 'Faustina the Younger', daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (138 - 161 AD) and Roman Empress Faustina Sr. (138 - 141 AD) also known as 'Faustina the Elder'.
Faustina Jr. was wife of the Roman Emperor, who also happened to be her maternal cousin, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161 - 180 AD).
She was also mother to the future Emperor 'Commodus' (180 - 192 AD, sole reign ).

obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA - Draped bust of Empress Faustina facing right.
rev: CERES - Ceres seated left, holding corn ears and long torch.

Size: 19 mm
Weight: 3.4 Grams
----
--------
----
Imperial Lifetime Issue Minted During the Reign of Marcus Aurelius.

References: RIC 669, RSC 35, BMC 79
---
-
--------------------------------
*US Quarter Dollar (25 cents) to right, for size comparison.
--------------------------------
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/730 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_01_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/732 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_04_rev_02.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 30 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_14_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 23 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
3 commentsrexesq
11340.jpg
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0224 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_07.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 0312 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_obv_09.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - obv 04 17 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
hadrian_AD126-7_tetradrachm_12_65gr_rev_05.JPG
07 - Hadrian Tetradrachm AD126/7 - rev15 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
AR/BI Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Regnal Year 11 = AD126/7.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, seen from behind.
rev: Eirene holding caduceus and grain ears.

Weight: 12.65 grams.
rexesq
Galba,_RIC_I_211.jpg
07 02 Galba, RIC I 21130 viewsGalba. AD 68-69. AR Denarius. Rome mint. (18mm, 2.88 g, 6h). Obv: IMP SER GALBA CAESAR AVG, laureate head right. Rev: SALVS GEN HVMANI, Salus advancing left, foot on globe, holding patera over altar and carrying rudder. RIC I 211; RSC 238. CNG 264, lot 391.

According to the Roman Dictionary of Coins, this type alludes to Galba’s taking over revolt during Vindex’s revolt due to his high birth and political connections. The reverse inscription invokes the safety, health, and wellbeing of the human race.
Lucas H
07-Carausius-RIC-437.jpg
07. Carausius.21 viewsAntoninianus, 287-293, Colchester mint.
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG / Radiate bust of Carausius.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG / Virtus standing, with spear and shield.
Mint mark: C in exergue.
4.05 gm., 25 mm.
RIC vol. V, part 2, #437; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
1126_P_Sabina_RPC717A.jpg
0717 THRACE, Perinthus. Sabina Hera standing20 viewsReference.
RPC III 717 corr. altar

Obv. СΑΒΙΝΑ СΕΒΑСΤΗ
Draped bust right.

Rev. ΠΕΡΙΝΘΙΩΝ
Hera standing left, holding sceptre and patera over lighted altar to left.

4.6 gr
20 mm
6h

Note.
Hera was the wife and older sister of Zeus. She was as goddess of women and marriage. Juno was her equivalent in Roman mythology.
okidoki
90Hadrian__RIC725.jpg
0725 Hadrian AS Roma 132-34 AD Indulgentia25 viewsReference.
RIC 725; C. 849; BMC S. 462; Strack 817

Obv. HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS
Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right

Rev. INDVLGENTIA – AVG COS III P P in ex
Indulgentia seated l., extending r. hand and holding sceptre.

10.78 gr
27 mm
6h

Note.
Indulgentia. Clemency, lenity, grace, favour. -This word is used on Roman coins to denote either some permission given, some privilege bestowed, or some tribute remitted. -In inscriptions of a very early date, princes are called indulgentissimi.
(FORVM)
okidoki
072_Gordianus-III_AE-22_IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG_COL-FL-PAC-DEVLT_Deultum-Thrace-_AD_Q-001_7h_22,0-22,5mm_6,62g-s.jpg
072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Deultum, Jurukova 294, AE-22, COL FL PA C DEVLT, She wolf,152 views072p Gordianus-III. (238-244 A.D.), Thrace, Deultum, Jurukova 294, AE-22, COL FL PA C DEVLT, She wolf,
avers:- IMP-GORDIANVS-PIVS-FEL-AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian-III right.
revers:- COL-FL-PA-C-DEVLT, Lupa Romana standing right, head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus.
exe: -/-//DEVLT, diameter: 22,0-22,5mm, weight: 6,62g, axis:7h,
mint: Thrace, Deultum, date: A.D., ref:Draganov 1390-2 (O97/R64); Jurukova 294.
Q-001
1 commentsquadrans
J-Domna-RIC-564.jpg
077. Julia Domna.11 viewsDenarius, ca 198 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IVLIA AVGVSTA / Bust of Domna.
Reverse: MATER DEVM / Cybele, sitting on throne between two lions, holding branch and sceptre, arm resting on drum.
3.29 gm., 19 mm.
RIC #564; Sear #6593

The appearance of Cybele on the above coin shows Domna's interest in eastern religions. The various attributes of personifications and gods on the reverse of Roman coins were often associated with the person pictured on the obverse of the coin. In this case, the words MATER DEVM (Mother of the gods) applied to Domna is interesting since her sons were Caracalla and Geta.
Callimachus
DSC06878_DSC06880_hadrian_tet-alexandria.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche13 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia ?

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
---
-
rexesq
hadrian_alexandria-tet_00.JPG
08 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Tyche24 viewsRoman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver/Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt.
Struck Regnal Year 11 = 126 / 127 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
rev: Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.

25 x 24mm
------------
Damaged flan.
---
-
3 commentsrexesq
Denarius A.C.PULCHER.jpg
08-01 - APPIUS CLAUDIUS PULCHER, T. MANLIUS MANCINUS y Q. URBINIUS (111 - 110 A.C.)58 viewsAR Denarius 17 mm 3.3 gr
Anv: Busto de Minerva o Palas (como Roma) con yelmo alado viendo a derecha, detrás un signo desconocido.
Rev: Victoria llevando con ambas manos las riendas de una triga que cabalga a derecha . Uno de los caballos mira hacia atrás.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuńa una triga ( Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas. "AP•CL•T•MANL•Q•VR" (MANL y VR en ligadura) en Exergo.

Ceca: Roma
Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #176 Pag.106 - Craw RRC #299/1a - Syd CRR #570 - BMCRR #1290 - RSC Vol.1 Claudia 2 Pag.31
mdelvalle
Craw_299_1a_Appius_Claudius_-_Manlius_Mancinus_-_R__Urbinus.jpg
08-01 - APPIUS CLAUDIUS PULCHER, T. MANLIUS MANCINUS y Q. URBINIUS (111 - 110 A.C.)18 viewsAR Denarius 17 mm 3.3 gr
Anv: Busto de Minerva o Palas (como Roma) con yelmo alado viendo a derecha, detrás un signo desconocido.
Rev: Victoria llevando con ambas manos las riendas de una triga que cabalga a derecha . Uno de los caballos mira hacia atrás.
Una de las dos ocasiones en que se acuńa una triga ( Carruaje de guerra griego tirado por tres caballos) en las monedas romanas. "AP•CL•T•MANL•Q•VR" (MANL y VR en ligadura) en Exergo.

Ceca: Roma

Referencias: Sear RCTV Vol.1 #176 Pag.106 - Craw RRC #299/1a - Syd CRR #570 - BMCRR #1290 - RSC Vol.1 Claudia 2 Pag.31
mdelvalle
Antíoco IV, Epiphanes.jpg
08-02 - Anti­oco IV, Epiphanes (175 - 164 A.C.)68 viewsAntíoco IV Epífanes (Αντίοχος Επιφανής en griego, 215 adC-163 adC) fue rey de Siria de la dinastía Seléucida desde c. 175 adC-164 adC.
Era hijo de Antíoco III Megas y hermano de Seleuco IV Filopator. Originalmente fue llamado Mitríades, pero adoptó el nombre de Antíoco tras su ascensión al trono (o quizás tras la muerte de su hermano mayor, también Antíoco).
Subió al trono tras la muerte de su hermano Seleuco IV Filopátor que gobernó durante poco tiempo antes que él, hasta que Heliodoro, tesorero suyo, lo mató por ambición. Había vivido en Roma según los términos de la paz de Apamea (188 adC), pero acababa de ser intercambiado por el hijo y legítimo heredero de Seleuco IV, el futuro (Demetrio I Sóter). Antíoco se aprovechó de la situación, y junto con su otro hermano Antíoco, se proclamó rey con el apoyo de Eumenes II de Pérgamo y el hermano de éste, Atalo I. Su hermano Antíoco sería asesinado pocos ańos después.
Por su enfrentamiento con Ptolomeo VI, que reclamaba Coele-Syria, atacó e invadió Egipto, conquistando casi todo el país, con la salvedad de la capital, Alejandría. Llegó a capturar al rey, pero para no alarmar a Roma, decicidió reponerlo en el trono, aunque como su marioneta. Sin embargo, los alejandrinos habían elegido al hermano de éste, Ptolomeo VII Euergetes como rey, y tras su marcha decidieron reinar conjuntamente. Esto le obligó a reinvadir el país, y así el 168 adC, repitiendo la invasión, con su flota conquistaba Chipre. Cerca de Alejandría se encontró con el cónsul romano Cayo Popilio Laenas, instó a abandonar Egipto y Chipre. Cuando Antíoco replicó que debía consultarlo con su consejo, Popilio trazó un círculo en la arena rodeándole y le dijo: "píensalo aquí". Viendo que abandonar el círculo sin haber ordenado la retirada era un desafío a Roma decidió ceder con el fin de evitar una guerra.
A su regreso, organizó una expedición contra Jerusalén, qué saqueo cruelmente. Según él Libro de los Macabeos, promulgó varias ordenanzas de tipo religioso: trató de suprimir el culto a Yahveh, prohibió el judaísmo suspendiendo toda clase de manifestación religiosa y trató de establecer el culto a los dioses griegos. Pero el sacerdote judío Matatías y sus dos hijos llamados Macabeos consiguieron levantar a la población en su contra y lo expulsaron. La fiesta judía de Jánuca conmemora este hecho.
Antíoco, en campańa contra el Imperio Parto, envió varios ejércitos sin éxito. Mientras organizaba una expedición punitiva para retomar Israel personalmente le sobrevino la muerte. Le sucedió su hijo Antíoco V Eupátor.
Su reinado fue la última época de fuerza y esplendor para el Imperio Seleúcida, que tras su muerte se vio envuelto en devastadoras guerras dinásticas. (Wikipedia)

AE (Canto aserrado) 15 mm 3.5 gr.

Anv: Busto velado de Laodicea IV (Esposa de Seleuco IV y Hermana de Antíoco IV) viendo a der. Grafila de puntos.
Rev: "BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY" - Cabeza de elefante a izquierda, proa de galera a izquierda (El elefante simboliza las aspiraciones orientales de los reyes de Seleucia además de ser una de las grandes armas de su arsenal y la proa su importancia como ciudad puerto).

Ceca: Seleucia de Pieria (Costa N. de Siria - Puerto de Antioquía) o Akke Ptolomais

Referencias : B.M.C. Vol.4 (Seleucid Kings of Syria) #3 Pag.43 - SC#1477.2 - Houghton #113 - HGS #684-6 Pag.9 - SNG Spaer #1017-40 - SNG Cop #184 - Hoover #685
1 commentsmdelvalle
08-Allectus-RIC-130.jpg
08. Allectus.37 viewsQuinarius, 293-296, Colchester mint.
Obverse: IMP C ALLECTVS P AVG / Radiate bust of Allectus.
Reverse: VIRTVS AVG / Galley sailing to the right, steersman standing aft.
Mint mark: Q C in exergue.
2.50 gm., 19 mm.
RIC vol. V, part 2, #130; Sear #13875.
1 commentsCallimachus
787Hadrian_RIC824.jpg
0824 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Roma standing46 viewsReference.
RIC 824; Strack 683

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare head right.

Rev. ROMA / S - C.
Roma standing left, holding spear and palladium, with shield on his back.

11.83 gr
25 mm
6h

Note.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the palladium or palladion was a cult image of great antiquity on which the safety of Troy and later Rome was said to depend, the wooden statue (xoanon) of Pallas Athena
3 commentsokidoki
248Hadrian__RIC850f.JPG
0850 Hadrian AS Roma 134-38 AD Dacia36 viewsReference. Scarce
RIC 850;

Obv. HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate, draped bust right, seen from back.

Rev. in ex. DACIA S-C in field
Dacia seated left on rock, holding vexillum and curved sword (Falx); r. foot rests on globe?

11.52 gr
26 mm
6h

Note.
At the time of the Dacian wars researchers have estimated that only ten percent of Spanish and Gallic warriors had access to swords, usually the nobility. By contrast Dacia had rich resources of iron and were prolific metal workers. It is clear that a large percentage of Dacians owned swords, greatly reducing Rome's military advantage.[7]
Marcus Cornelius Fronto described the large gaping wounds that a falx inflicted, and experiments have shown that a blow from a falx easily penetrated the Romans' lorica segmentata, incapacitating the majority of victims.
1 commentsokidoki
V1088.jpg
08a Domitian as Caesar RIC-108886 viewsAR Denarius, 3.14g
Rome Mint, 79 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, l.
Rev: PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS; Vesta std. l., with Palladium and sceptre
RIC 1088 (R3). BMC p. 46 note. RSC 379. BNC -.
Ex Den of Antiquity (eBay), October 2012.

A very rare (4th known) left facing portrait of the common Vesta and Palladium reverse. It is listed in Cohen as 379 (citing lot 784 of the de Moustier Sale of 1872) , although the new RIC states it is unverified (?). The lone example cited by RIC is in G. Mazzini's Monete imperiali romane, vol. 1. Also, Curtis Clay has a specimen, same die pair as mine. Left facing portraits of Domitian are extremely rare, especially those as Caesar.

Worn but all the major devices are visible.

Thanks to Curtis Clay for additional attribution help!
David Atherton
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_00.JPG
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol36 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
1 commentsrexesq
Hadrian_Tet_Sol_02.jpg
09 - Hadrian Tetradrachm - Helios / Sol16 views
Ancient Roman Empire
Emperor Hadrian (117 - 138 AD)
Silver Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Struck 129 - 131 AD.

(titles in Greek)
obv: Laureate bust right, draped and cuirassed
rev: Radiate bust of Helios right, chlamys buckled over shoulder.
Regnal Year: Year 14 (129 - 131 AD) across fields.
rexesq
Vitellius_RIC_I_90.jpg
09 Vitellius RIC I 09093 viewsVitellius Jan. 2-Dec. 20, 69 A.D. AR Denarius. Rome Mint 69 A.D. (3.07g, 19.9m, 6h). Obv: A VITELLIVS GERM I{MP AVG TR P}, laureate head right. Rev: CONCORDIA PR, Concordia seated left holding patera & double cornucopiae. RIC I 90, RSC 18.

Vitellius is described by Suetonius as lazy and self-indulgent, fond of eating and drinking, and an obese glutton, eating banquets four times a day and feasting on rare foods he would send the Roman navy to procure.
2 commentsLucas H
09-Diocletian-Lon-RIC-28a.jpg
09. Diocletian.25 viewsFollis, ca 300-305 AD, London mint (group III).
Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG / Laureate and curriassed bust of Diocletian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
11.20 gm., 28.5 mm.
RIC #28a; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
09-Theodora-Con-50.jpg
09. Theodora: Constantinople.16 viewsAE 4, 337 - 340, Constantinople mint.
Obverse: FL MAX THEODORAE AVG / Diademed bust of Theodora.
Reverse: PIETAS ROMANA / Pietas standing, carrying infant.
Mint mark: CONSE
1.46 gm., 15 mm.
RIC #50; LRBC #1049; Sear #17506.
Callimachus
096-BC-A_Postumius_S_f_Albinus_Republica_AR-Den_Star-R_Head-of-Apollo-r__A_ALBINVS_S_F_Dioscuri-watering-horse_left-Crescent_Syd_612b_Crawford-335-10b_Q-001_3h_16-22mm_3,67g-s.jpg
096 B.C. A.Postumius S.f. Albinus AR-Denarius, Crawford 335/10b, Rome, Dioscuri watering horse left, Crescent above, A•ALBINVS•S•F•, Rare !!!147 views096 B.C. A.Postumius S.f. Albinus AR-Denarius, Crawford 335/10b, Rome, Dioscuri watering horse left, Crescent above, A•ALBINVS•S•F•,
avers: - Laureate head of Apollo right, behind star below R, before X, border of dots.
revers: - Dioscuri watering horse (left) at fountain of Juturna, in left field crescent above, border of dots.
exerg: -/-// A•ALBINVS•S•F•, diameter: 17-19mm, weight: 3,76g, axis: 5h,
mint: Rome, date:096 B.C., ref: Syd-612b, Crawford-335/10b, Postumia 6., Rare !!!
Q-001
"This issue is said to relate to the battle of Lake Regillius; the Roman army was commanded by A. Postumius Albus. Legend says that the Dioscuri were said to have assisted the Romans in obtaining victory; the reverse of shows the Dioscuri watering their horses at the fountain of Futurna in the Roman Forum, where they were supposed to have arrived on the eve of the battle."
3 commentsquadrans
Geta-RSC-220a.jpg
097. Geta.9 viewsDenarius, 209-210, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG / Laureate bust of Geta.
Reverse: VICTORIAE BRIT / Victory holding wreath and palm.
2.88 gm., 18 mm.
RSC #220a; RIC unlisted.

This coin is a mule, and as such it is a very rare coin. A mule is a coin struck from dies that are normally not used together. In this case, an earlier obverse die with an earlier legend was used with the VICTORIAE BRIT reverse. The obverse legend should read P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT and is listed that way as RIC #91. Roman Silver Coins (Seaby) lists this mule as #220a based on two offerings of apparently the same specimen in Seaby's Bulletin in 1950 and 1952, not illustrated either time. (Thanks to Curtis Clay for this information.)
Callimachus
trajan RIC623-R.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE dupondius - struck 112-114 AD135 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PMTRP COS VI PP (radiate bust right with aegis, drapery on far shoulder)
rev: DACIA AVGVST (Dacia seated left on rock, holds aquila. At her side a child holding corn, in front a child holding grapes), PROVINCIA and S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 623 (S), C.126 (3frcs)
11.36gms, 26mm
Rare

History: D. Terentius Scaurianus, the first governor of Dacia (106–110/112 AD) started to organize the province and it had finished to 112 AD. Scaurianus executed the measures what required to becoming Dacia to the part of the Roman Empire, did the census and the land survey of the conquered areas, even made also several roads. This type of coin is the evidence of that works.
berserker
trajan quadrans RIC704-RR.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE quadrans - struck 99-102 AD50 viewsobv: IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG (laureate head right)
rev: DARDANICI (woman standing left, holding branch and gathering up drapery)
ref: RIC II 704 (R2), C.139 (30frcs), BMCRE 1106 note
mint: Dardanian mines
2.90gms, 16mm
Very rare

Dardania was a region situated in Moesia Superior. For the Romans this was the mining province par excellence; were divided into several mining districts managed by the procuratores. It is unknown why these coins were struck, though many feel that they were made for use at the mines themselves, as payment for the workers. The original denomination of this coin is uncertain.
berserker
trajan_RIC642.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE sestertius - struck 104-110 AD69 viewsobv: [IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS VI PP] (laureate, draped bust right)
rev: [ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA IN POTESTATEM P R REDACTAE] (Trajan standing to the front, head turned right, holding spear and parazonium; on both sides of him and reclining are the three females figures, Armenia, Euphrates, Tigris), S-C in field
ref: RIC II 642 (R), BMC 1039, C.39 (20frcs)
mint: Rome
22.41gms, 33mm
Rare

History: Trajan declared war against the Parthians, after overrunning Syria, Mesopotamia and Armenia, he defeated in every encounter, establishing several governments, and thereby gaining from the Roman Senate the title of Parthicus.

This coin is worn enough, even the legends are disappeared, too, but shows the result about one of the most impotant Roman conquest.
berserker
trajan sest.jpg
098-117 AD - TRAJAN AE sestertius - struck 112-117 AD47 viewsobv: IMP CAES TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PMTRP COS VI PP (laureate head right)
rev: SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS (Fortuna seated left with rudder & cornucopiae), FORT RED below, S-C in ex.
ref: RIC II 651, C.157(4frcs)
25.00gms, 33.5mm
berserker
hierapolis_AE18.jpg
098-217 AD - HIERAPOLIS (Phrygia) AE18 62 viewsobv: - (bare head of Hercules)
rev: IERAPO-LITWN (winged Nemesis standing left, holding bridle, within dotted border)
ref: SNG Cop. 422. Weber, Hierapolis 142, 8
4.43gms, 18mm
Rare
Hierapolis can mean "sacred city", because of the several temples. The city was devastated by an earthquake which took place in 17 A.D. during the reign of Tiberius. In 60 AD, during the rule of emperor Nero, an even more severe earthquake left the city completely in ruins. Afterwards the city was rebuilt in Roman style with the financial support from the emperor. Hierapolis was visited by the Emperor Hadrian in 129 A.D., the Emperor Caracalla in 215 and the Emperor Valens in 370.
On obverse is a typical Hercules head, compare to my CORNELIA 58 denarius.
berserker
V1496lg.jpg
09e Domitian as Caesar-RIC 1496110 viewsAR Denarius, 3.17g
Ephesus (?) mint, 76 AD (Vespasian)
Obv: CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS; Head of Domitian, laureate, bearded, r. 'o' mint mark below neck
Rev: PON MAX TR P COS IIII; Winged caduceus
RIC 1496 (R2). BMC 489. RSC 369. RPC 1469 (2 spec.). BNC 377.
Acquired from Britaly Coins, April 2016.

The small series struck under Vespasian this coin comes from is quite mysterious. The mint is not known for certain, although Ephesus is a prime suspect. K. Butcher and M. Ponting in The Metallurgy of Roman silver Coinage analysed the Ephesian and 'o' mint series and their data shows both issues are made from the same bullion. Not definitive proof the two series are from the same mint, but good evidence of a strong link. Unlike the Ephesian series, the 'o' issue is full of blundered legends and mules. This denarius struck for Domitian Caesar has a PON MAX reverse legend, an impossible title for the young prince. However, what the mint masters lacked in competency, the engravers made up for in their stylish portraits.

A wonderful portrait struck on a large flan. An obverse die match with my RIC V1494.
6 commentsDavid Atherton
Tituria1DenSabines.jpg
0a Abduction of the Sabines21 viewsL Titurius Sabinus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Head of Tativs, right, SABIN behind
Two Roman soldiers bearing women

Seaby, Tituria 1

When the hour for the games had come, and their eyes and minds were alike riveted on the spectacle before them, the preconcerted signal was given and the Roman youth dashed in all directions to carry off the [Sabine] maidens who were present. The larger part were carried off indiscriminately, but some particularly beautiful girls who had been marked out for the leading patricians were carried to their houses by plebeians told off for the task. One, conspicuous amongst them all for grace and beauty, is reported to have been carried off by a group led by a certain Talassius, and to the many inquiries as to whom she was intended for, the invariable answer was given, "For Talassius." Hence the use of this word in the marriage rites. Alarm and consternation broke up the games, and the parents of the maidens fled, distracted with grief, uttering bitter reproaches on the violators of the laws of hospitality and appealing to the god to whose solemn games they had come, only to be the victims of impious perfidy. The abducted maidens were quite as despondent and indignant. Romulus, however, went round in person, and pointed out to them that it was all owing to the pride of their parents in denying right of intermarriage to their neighbours. They would live in honourable wedlock, and share all their property and civil rights, and - dearest of all to human nature - would be the mothers of freemen. He begged them to lay aside their feelings of resentment and give their affections to those whom fortune had made masters of their persons. An injury had often led to reconciliation and love; they would find their husbands all the more affectionate, because each would do his utmost, so far as in him lay, to make up for the loss of parents and country. These arguments were reinforced by the endearments of their husbands, who excused their conduct by pleading the irresistible force of their passion - a plea effective beyond all others in appealing to a woman's nature.

The feelings of the abducted maidens were now pretty completely appeased, but not so those of their parents.

Livy, History of Rome 1.9-1.10
1 commentsBlindado
MariusFundania1Denarius.jpg
0aa Caius Marius40 viewsC. Fundanius, moneyer
101-91 BC

Denarius

Helmeted head of Roma right, control-mark C behind

"Triumphator" (Marius) in quadriga right, holding laurel-branch and staff; a rider sits on near horse, holding laurel-branch, Q above, C FVNDAN in exergue

The reverse shows Marius as triumphator in the quadriga. He holds sceptre and laurel branch. On one of the horses rides his son. The children of the triumphator were - according to tradition - allowed to share the triumph of their father. The Q above refers to the office as quaestor the mintmaster held while minting these coins. FORVM Ancient Coins says of a similar piece, "The reverse refers to Marius triumph after victories over the Cimbri and Teutones. The rider on the near horse is Marius's son, at that time eight years old." Andrew McCabe comments, "The Triumphator on the Fundania denarius is usually taken to be Marius, with his young son on horseback. This would make it the first Roman coin to explicitly portray a living Roman politician. "

Seaby Fundania 1

Marius rose from common origins to become the First Man in Rome. Plutarch in his Life writes: There is a likeness of Marius in stone at Ravenna, in Gaul, which I myself saw quite corresponding with that roughness of character that is ascribed to him. Being naturally valiant and warlike, and more acquainted also with the discipline of the camp than of the city, he could not moderate his passion when in authority. . . . He was born of parents altogether obscure and indigent, who supported themselves by their daily labour; his father of the same name with himself, his mother called Fulcinia. He had spent a considerable part of his life before he saw and tasted the pleasures of the city; having passed previously in Cirrhaeaton, a village of the territory of Arpinum, a life, compared with city delicacies, rude and unrefined, yet temperate, and conformable to the ancient Roman severity. He first served as a soldier in the war against the Celtiberians, when Scipio Africanus besieged Numantia; where he signalized himself to his general by courage far above his comrades, and particularly by his cheerfully complying with Scipio's reformation of his army, being almost ruined by pleasures and luxury. It is stated, too, that he encountered and vanquished an enemy in single combat, in his general's sight. In consequence of all this he had several honours conferred upon him; and once when at an entertainment a question arose about commanders, and one of the company (whether really desirous to know, or only in complaisance) asked Scipio where the Romans, after him, should obtain such another general, Scipio, gently clapping Marius on the shoulder as he sat next him, replied, "Here, perhaps. . . ."

The consul Caecilius Metellus, being declared general in the war against Jugurtha in Africa took with him Marius for lieutenant; where, eager himself to do great deeds and services that would get him distinction, he did not, like others, consult Metellus's glory and the serving his interest, and attributing his honour of lieutenancy not to Metellus, but to fortune, which had presented him with a proper opportunity and theatre of great actions, he exerted his utmost courage. . . . Marius thus employed, and thus winning the affections of the soldiers, before long filled both Africa and Rome with his fame, and some, too, wrote home from the army that the war with Africa would never be brought to a conclusion unless they chose Caius Marius consul. . . .He was elected triumphantly, and at once proceeded to levy soldiers contrary both to law and custom, enlisting slaves and poor people; whereas former commanders never accepted of such, but bestowed arms, like other favours, as a matter of distinction, on persons who had the proper qualification, a man's property being thus a sort of security for his good behavior. . . .

[In Marius' fourth consulship,] The enemy dividing themselves into two parts, the Cimbri arranged to go against Catulus higher up through the country of the Norici, and to force that passage; the Teutones and Ambrones to march against Marius by the seaside through Liguria. . . . The Romans, pursuing them, slew and took prisoners above one hundred thousand, and possessing themselves of their spoil, tents, and carriages, voted all that was not purloined to Marius's share, which, though so magnificent a present, yet was generally thought less than his conduct deserved in so great a danger. . . . After the battle, Marius chose out from amongst the barbarians' spoils and arms those that were whole and handsome, and that would make the greatest show in his triumph; the rest he heaped upon a large pile, and offered a very splendid sacrifice. Whilst the army stood round about with their arms and garlands, himself attired (as the fashion is on such occasions) in the purple-bordered robe, and taking a lighted torch, and with both hands lifting it up towards heaven, he was then going to put it to the pile, when some friends were espied with all haste coming towards him on horseback. Upon which every one remained in silence and expectation. They, upon their coming up, leapt off and saluted Marius, bringing him the news of his fifth consulship, and delivered him letters to that effect. This gave the addition of no small joy to the solemnity; and while the soldiers clashed their arms and shouted, the officers again crowned Marius with a laurel wreath, and he thus set fire to the pile, and finished his sacrifice.
Blindado
Cornelia51QuinVict.jpg
0aa Defeat of Hannibal on Sicily, 222 BC11 viewsCn. Lentulus, moneyer
90-85 BC

Quinarius

Laureled head of Jupiter, right
Victory crowning trophy, CN LENT in ex

Seaby, Cornelia 51

Possibly a reference to this event: [Q. Fabius Maximus, afterwards called Cunctator] broke up his camp at Suessula and decided to begin by an attack on Arpi. . . . Now at last the enemy was roused; there was a lull in the storm and daylight was approaching. Hannibal's garrison in the city amounted to about 5000 men, and the citizens themselves had raised a force of 3000. These the Carthaginians put in front to meet the enemy, that there might be no attempt at treachery in their rear. The fighting began in the dark in the narrow streets, the Romans having occupied not only the streets near the gate but the houses also, that they might not be assailed from the roofs. Gradually as it grew light some of the citizen troops and some of the Romans recognised one another, and entered into conversation. The Roman soldiers asked what it was that the Arpinians wanted, what wrong had Rome done them, what good service had Carthage rendered them that they, Italians-bred and born, should fight against their old friends the Romans on behalf of foreigners and barbarians, and wish to make Italy a tributary province of Africa. The people of Arpi urged in their excuse that they knew nothing of what was going on, they had in fact been sold by their leaders to the Carthaginians, they had been victimised and enslaved by a small oligarchy. When a beginning had been once made the conversations became more and more general; at last the praetor of Arpi was conducted by his friends to the consul, and after they had given each other mutual assurances, surrounded by the troops under their standards, the citizens suddenly turned against the Carthaginians and fought for the Romans. A body of Spaniards also, numbering something less than a thousand, transferred their services to the consul upon the sole condition that the Carthaginian garrison should be allowed to depart uninjured. The gates were opened for them and they were dismissed, according to the stipulation, in perfect safety, and went to Hannibal at Salapia. Thus Arpi was restored to the Romans without the loss of a single life, except in the case of one man who had long ago been a traitor and had recently deserted. The Spaniards were ordered to receive double rations, and the republic availed itself on very many occasions of their courage and fidelity.

Livy, History of Rome, 24.46-47
Blindado
Sulla_L_Manlius_den.jpg
0ab Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix23 viewsL Manlivs, moneyer
82-72 BC

Denarius

Head of Roma, right, MANLI before, PRO Q behind
Sulla in walking quadriga, crowned by Victory, L SVLLA IM in ex.

Seaby, Manlia 4

Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (c. 138 BC – 78 BC) was a Roman general and conservative statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla was awarded a grass crown, the most prestigious and rarest Roman military honor, during the Social War. He was the first man to lead an army to Rome to settle a political dispute, in this case with Marius. In late 81 BC, he stunned the world by resigning his near-absolute powers, restoring constitutional government. After seeing election to and holding a second consulship, he retired to private life and died shortly after.

As to the person, Plutarch wrote: LUCIUS Cornelius Sylla was descended of a patrician or noble family. . . . His general personal appearance may be known by his statues; only his blue, eyes, of themselves extremely keen and glaring, were rendered all the more forbidding and terrible by the complexion of his face, in which white was mixed with rough blotches of fiery red. . . . And when supreme master of all, he was often wont to muster together the most impudent players and stage-followers of the town, and to drink and bandy jests with them without regard to his age or the dignity of his place, and to the prejudice of important affairs that required his attention. When he was once at table, it was not in Sylla's nature to admit of anything that was serious, and whereas at other times he was a man of business and austere of countenance, he underwent all of a sudden, at his first entrance upon wine and good-fellowship, a total revolution, and was gentle and tractable with common singers and dancers, and ready to oblige any one that spoke with him. It seems to have been a sort of diseased result of this laxity that he was so prone to amorous pleasures, and yielded without resistance to any temptation of voluptuousness, from which even in his old age he could not refrain. He had a long attachment for Metrobius, a player. In his first amours, it happened that he made court to a common but rich lady, Nicopolis by name, and what by the air of his youth, and what by long intimacy, won so far on her affections, that she rather than he was the lover, and at her death she bequeathed him her whole property. He likewise inherited the estate of a step-mother who loved him as her own son. By these means he had pretty well advanced his fortunes. . . . In general he would seem to have been of a very irregular character, full of inconsistencies with himself much given to rapine, to prodigality yet more; in promoting or disgracing whom he pleased, alike unaccountable; cringing to those he stood in need of, and domineering over others who stood in need of him, so that it was hard to tell whether his nature had more in it of pride or of servility. As to his unequal distribution of punishments, as, for example, that upon slight grounds he would put to the torture, and again would bear patiently with the greatest wrongs; would readily forgive and he reconciled after the most heinous acts of enmity, and yet would visit small and inconsiderable offences with death and confiscation of goods; one might judge that in himself he was really of a violent and revengeful nature, which, however, he could qualify, upon reflection, for his interest.
Blindado
Aemilia10.jpg
0ac Conquest of Macedonia13 viewsPaullus Aemilius Lepidus, moneyer
109-100 BC

Denarius

Veiled head of Concord, right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA
TER above trophy, L. Aemelius Lepidus on right, Perseus and his two sons as prisoners on left, PAVLLVS in ex.

Seaby, Aemelia 10

L. Aemelius Paullus defeated the Macedonians in 168 BC and brought Perseus and his sons to Rome to adorn his triumph.

Three days after the battle Perseus arrived at Amphipolis, and from that city he sent heralds with a caduceus to Paulus. In the meanwhile Hippias, Midon, and Pantauchus, the principal men among the king's friends who had fled from the field of battle to Beroea, went and made their surrender to the Roman consul. In the case of others also, their fears prompted them, one after another, to do the same. The consul sent his son Q. Fabius, together with L. Lentulus and Q. Metellus, with despatches to Rome announcing his victory. He gave the spoils taken from the enemy's army lying on the field of battle to the foot soldiers and the plunder from the surrounding country to the cavalry on condition that they were not absent from the camp more than two nights. The camp at Pydna was shifted to a site nearer the sea. First of all Beroea, then Thessalonica and Pella, and almost the whole of Macedonia, city by city, surrendered within two days.

Livy, History of Rome, 44.45
Blindado
LFarsuleiusDen.jpg
0b Italy Gets Roman Citizenship13 viewsL Farsuleius Mensor, moneyer
76-71 BC

Denarius

Diademed and draped head of Liberty, right, SC below, MENSOR before, cap of Liberty and number behind
Roma in biga helping togate figure mount, L FARSVLEI in ex.

Appears to allude to the Lex Julia of 90 BC, by which all of Italy gained Roman citizenship

Seaby, Farsuleia 1
Blindado
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-1.jpg
1 tessera roman Cohen 134 viewsAE tessera
2.41 g, 17.3 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Two horse shoes side by side within celtic torque.
Rev. TRI-VMP. Laurel tree with IO IO in field.
Cohen 1. Ex. Mabbott (1969), 5265.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-12-15.jpg
1 tessera roman Cohen 12-15v Mitreus40 viewsAE tessera of C. Mitreius
2.17 g, 15.3 mm, 12 h.
Obv. Clasped hands with pellet above, possibly a poppy.
Rev. Legend illegible. Tripod.
Cohen -, cf. Cohen 12-15. Ex. Mabbott (1969) 5264.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-46.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 4616 viewsAE tessera
2.54 g, 16.5 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Vexillum.
Rev. Minerva standing left.
Cohen 46.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-53.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5318 viewsAE tessera
2.42 g, 16.4 mm, 7 h.
Obv. A.P.P.F within wreath.
Rev. Staff surmounted by small head left (Augustus?).
Cohen 53.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-55.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5516 viewsAE tessera
3.31 g, 16.4 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Votive urn.
Rev. Modius with three ears of grain.
Cohen 55.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-56.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5618 viewsAE tessera
2.80, 16.8 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Galley right.
Rev. Large D.
Cohen 56, Dancoisne 62.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-57.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5715 viewsAE tessera
3.25 g, 15.8 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Galley right.
Rev. Large T.
Cohen 57, Dancoisne 64.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-58-du.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5814 viewsAE tessera
2.75 g, 13.9 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Galley left.
Rev. Dolphin right.
Cohen 58. Dancoisne 60.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-58.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 5814 viewsAE tesserae
2.89 g, 15.2 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Galley left.
Rev. Dolphin right.
Cohen 58, Dancoisne 60.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-60.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 6016 viewsAE tessera
2.46 g, 15.9 mm, 5 h.
Obv. Large ligate TR.
Rev. Large G.
Cohen 60, Dancoisne 68.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-60v.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 60v14 viewsAE tessera
2.93 g, 18.3 mm.
Obv. Large ligate TR.
Rev. Blank with beaded border.
Cohen -, cf Cohen 60, Dancoisne 69.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62n.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 6213 viewsAE tessera
2.31 g, 15.8 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large N.
Cohen 62, Dancoisne 70.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62v.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 62v10 viewsAE tessera
3.04 g, 17.8 mm, 11 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large M.
Cohen -, cf. Cohen 62, Dancoisne -.
cckk
1-tessera-roman-Cohen-62v2.gif
1 tessera roman Cohen 62v210 viewsAE tessera
2.96 g, 17.0 mm, 6 h.
Obv. Large ligate VL.
Rev. Large P.
Cohen -, cf. Cohen 62, Dancoisne 71.
cckk
0001JUL.jpg
1) Julius Caesar159 viewsDenarius, Rome, Moneyer P. Sepullius Macer, 44 BC, 4.03g. Cr-480/11, Syd-1072; Sear, Imperators-107b. Obv: Wreathed head of Caesar r., CAESAR before, D[IC]T PERPETVO behind. Rx: Venus standing l., looking downwards, holding Victory and scepter resting on star, P SEPVLLIVS behind, MACER downwards before. Same dies as Alfoldi, Caesar in 44 v. Chr., pl. LIII, 6-8. Banker's mark behind Caesar's eye. Good portrait. Some areas of flat striking, otherwise EF

Ex HJB - purchased on the Ides of March, 2011

Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.lɪ.ʊs ˈkaj.sar], July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general, statesman, Consul and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative elite within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain.

These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to lay down his military command and return to Rome. Caesar refused, and marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman territory under arms. Civil war resulted, from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of Rome.

After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity". But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and from other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources. Caesar is deemed to be one of the greatest military commanders of history. Source: wikipedia
RM0001
13 commentsSosius
Saserna_den_2.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Hostila 5a15 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC
Hostilius Saserna
AR Denarius, 48 BC

Head of Pietas right / HOSTILIVS SASERN, Victory advancing right with winged cauduceus, palm branches and trophy.

Syd 951a, Cr448/1b, Hostilia 5a
RM0039
Sosius
Hostilius_Saserna_Den_2.jpg
1) The Caesarians: L. Hostilius Saserna AR denarius27 viewsROMAN REPUBLIC
L. Hostilius Saserna
AR denarius (20mm, 3.79 g, 12h). 48 BC

Head of Gallia r., hair in disarray; carnyx (Gallic trumpet) behind / L. HOSTILIVS [S]ASERNA, Diana (Artemis) of Ephesus standing facing, holding spear and stag by its antler.

Crawford 448/3. CRI 19. RSC Hostilia 4. Obverse flan flaw, otherwise ~EF

Ex Heritage
RM0028
1 commentsSosius
Glabrio_den_4.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Man Acilius Glabrio 25 viewsROMAN IMPERATORS
Man Acilius Glabrio
Moneyer for Caesar
AR Denarius. 49 BC.

SALVTIS, head of Salus right / MN ACILIVS III VIR VALETV, Salus standing left holding serpent.

Syd 922, Cr442/1a, Acilia 8, sear5 #412
RM0027
1 commentsSosius
Valeria_16-18_2.jpg
1) The Caesarians: Valeria - Drunken Mint Worker?16 viewsRoman Republic
AR Denarius.
L. Valerius Acisculus. 45 BC.

Diademed head of Apollo Soranus right, axe behind, star above; in laurel wreath

Very poor strike. According to Andrew McCabe: about 30% of obverse visible, and 0% of reverse.

Valeria 16-18
RM0044
Sosius
ANTOSE86a.jpg
1. Aeneas travels from Troy to Italy 47 viewsAntoninus Pius. 138-161 AD. Sestertius (24.15g, Ř 33mm, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 140-144.
Obv.: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Rev.: S C [left and right in field], Aeneas wearing a short tunic and cloac, advancing right, carrying Anchises on left shoulder and holding Ascanius by right hand. Anchises (veiled and draped) carries a box in left hand, Ascanius wears a short tunic and Phrygian cap and caries a pedum in left hand. RIC 627[R2], BMCRE 1292, Cohen 761; Banti (I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali) 373 (4 specimens); Foss 57b.

This sestertius was issued in preparation of the 900th anniversary of Rome which was celebrated in A.D.147.
The scene depicts Aeneas leaving Ilium, as the Romans called Troy, with Ascanius and Anchises. According to Vergil (Aeneid, Book 2), Aeneas, the son of the goddess Venus and the Trojan Anchises, fled with some remnants of the inhabitants of Troy as it fell to the Greeks, taking with him his son, Ascanius, his elderly father, Anchises, and the Palladium, the ancient sacred statue of Athena. The Trojans eventually made their way west to resettle in Italy. There they intermarried with the local inhabitants and founded the town of Lavinium, and thereby became the nucleus of the future Roman people. One of the descendants of Aeneas' son Ascanius (known now as Iulus) was Rhea Silvia, mother of Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome. The mythological depictions on this coin reinforce the importance of Ilium, not only as the seedbed of the future Roman people, but also as the mother city of the future caput mundi.
Charles S
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1. Æ Aes Grave Triens266 viewsAnonymous. Circa 280-276 BC. Ć Aes Grave Triens (49mm, 106.35 gm). Thunderbolt; four pellets across field / Dolphin swimming right; four pellets below. Thurlow-Vecchi 3; Crawford 14/3; Haeberlin pl. 39, 7-10. VF, green patina.

Ex Cng Sale 100 lot 105 310/300

The triens (plural trientes) was an Ancient Roman bronze coin produced during the Roman Republic valued at one-third of an as (4 unciae).
ecoli73
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1.1 Roman Republic Denarius109 views88 BC
Rome Mint
Cornelius Lentulus
Zam
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1.2 Roman Republic Denarius70 views88 BC
Rome Mint
Cornelius Lentulus
Zam
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1.Roman Republican. Appius Claudius Pulcher, T. Manlius Mancius, and Q. Urbinius. AR Denarius. 111-110 BC.9 views(17 mm. 3,89 g.). Rome mint. Helmeted head of Roma right; quadrangular device to left / Victory driving triga right; AP · CL · T · (MANL) · Q · (VR) in exergue. Crawford 299/1a; Sydenham 570; Claudia 2.Ruslan K
Vespasian_RSC_574.jpg
10 Vespasian Denarius, 72 AD8 viewsROMAN IMPERIAL
Vespasian
AR Denarius, struck 72-73 AD

O: IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right

R: VES-TA to either side of Vesta standing left, holding simpulum & scepter.

RSC 574, BMC 71.

Fine
RI0067
Sosius
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10. Elagabalus.22 viewsDenarius, 218 - 219 AD, Rome mint.
Obverse: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG / Laureate bust of Elagabalus.
Reverse: SALVS . ANTONINI . AVG / Salus standing, feeding snake held in her arms.
2.96 gm., 19 mm
RIC #140.

At this time in Roman history, people were already looking back to the reigns of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius as a Golden Age. Later emperors wanted to be associated with them, and to that end Septimius Severus adopted himself into the Antonine Dynasty. His son Caracalla assumed the name Antoninus as his official name, as did Elagabalus. The reverse of this coin pictures Salus, the goddess of good health and well-being. The legend expresses the wish, roughly translated, "Long live the Antonine Emperors."
1 commentsCallimachus
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10. Maximianus.20 viewsFollis, ca 298-300 AD, London mint (group II).
Obverse: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG / Laureate and curiassed bust of Maximian.
Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI / Genius standing, holding patera and cornucopiae.
Mint mark: (none)
9.63 gm., 27 mm.
RIC #6b; Sear unlisted.
Callimachus
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102 AD: Triumph of Trajan in the first Dacian war and dedication of triumphal arch to Jupiter Optimus Maximus 340 viewsorichalcum sestertius (20.83g, 33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 103-104.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan facing right.
S·P·Q·R·OPTIMO PRINCIPI [r.b.,] S C [in ex.] monumental richly decorated triumphal arch; in the panel above pediment inscribed IOM (= Iovi Optimo Maximo)(nearly invisible on this specimen)
RIC 572 [R]; BMC 844; Cohen 547; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 100:18
Ex CNG eAuct. 266; ex Deyo Collection
1 commentsCharles S
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102. Trajan20 viewsTrajan AE As. Struck 114-117 AD. IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate & draped bust right / SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, SC in exergue, two trophies. ecoli
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102. Trajan33 viewsTrajan. AD 98-117. Ć Sestertius (29mm, 25.58 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 116-117. Laureate and draped bust right / [REX PARTHIS DATVS], Trajan seated left on platform, presenting Parthamaspates to kneeling Parthian; attendant standing behind emperor. RIC II 667; Woytek 594v-2; Banti 96. Fine, green patina.

Parthian interference in Armenia prompted Trajan to declare war against their king Osroes I in AD 114. He quickly reestablished Roman control of Armenia, forced the submission of Osrhoene, and in AD 116 took Mesopotamia by defeating Osroes I. Rather than pursuing the Parthians into Iran, Trajan set up a pro-Roman Parthian "buffer state" in Mesopotamia under a puppet-king Parthamaspates.
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103 B.C., Q.Minucius-M.f.Thermus (103 B.C.) AR-Denarius, Crawford 209/1, Rome, Q•THERM•MF, Roman soldier fighting,98 views103 B.C., Q.Minucius-M.f.Thermus (103 B.C.) AR-Denarius, Crawford 209/1, Rome, Q•THERM•MF, Roman soldier fighting,
avers: Helmeted Head of Mars left (helmet has long crest and plumbe on each side). The border of dots.
reverse: Roman soldier fighting barbarian soldier in the protection of fallen comrade, in exergue Q•THERM•MF (THE and MF are ligature). The border of dots.
exergue: -/-//Q•THERM•MF, diameter:18,5-20 mm, weight: 3,74g, axis: 4h,
mint: Rome, date: 103 B.C., ref: Crawford 319/1, Sydenham 592, Minucia 19,
Q-001
quadrans
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103 BC Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus100 viewsHead of young Mars left, wearing crested helmet

Q THERM MF (THE and MF in monogram)
Roman soldier advancing right, fighting with uplifted sword a barbarian soldier before him and protecting with shield a fallen comrade at his feet

Rome 103 BC
3.71g

Sear 197

Sold Forum Auction December 2017
2 commentsJay GT4
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104a. Faustina 32 viewsFaustina I

Annia Galeria Faustina, "the Elder", was the wife of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, an aunt of Marcus Aurelius, and mother of Faustina the Younger. She was the daughter of the consul Marcus Annius Verus, and married Antoninus around 110 AD. They had two sons and two daughters. She became Augusta upon the accession of her husband. Although Augustan History impugned her character, criticizing her for "excessive frankness" and "levity", she and Antoninus seem to have been happily married until her death in 140 or 141

obv: DIVA FAVSTINA (diademed & draped bust right)
rev: AVGVSTA (Pietas standing left with raised hand, altar at foot left)
ref: RIC III 374 (Ant.Pius), RSC 124 (2frcs)

Corrected attribute...
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104a. Faustina Sr 25 viewsIn Roman mythology, Pietas was the goddess of duty to one's state, gods and family.

Pietas was also one of the Roman virtues, along with gravitas and dignitas. Pietas is usually translated as "duty" or "devotion," and it simultaneously suggests duty to the gods and duty to family (which is expanded to duty to the community and duty to the state thanks to the analogy between the family and the state, conventional in the ancient world – see, for example, Plato's Crito). Vergil's hero Aeneas embodies this virtue, and is particularly emblematic of it in book II of the Aeneid when he flees burning Troy bearing his father on his back and carrying his household gods.

Faustina Sr Ć As. DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right / AETERNITAS, SC in field, Pietas standing left, by altar, right hand raised, holding incense box in left hand.

RIC 1161, Cohen 43, BMC 1558

Check
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105. Marcus Aurelius41 viewsMarcus Aurelius

The joint succession may have been motivated by military exigency. During his reign Marcus Aurelius was almost constantly at war with various peoples outside the Empire. Germanic tribes and other peoples launched many raids along the long European border, particularly into Gaul — Germans, in turn, may have been under attack from more warlike tribes farther east. In Asia, a revitalized Parthian Empire renewed its assault. A highly authoritative figure was needed to command the troops, yet the emperor himself could not defend both fronts at the same time. Neither could he simply appoint a general to lead one assault; earlier popular military leaders like Julius Caesar and Vespasian had used the military to overthrow the existing government and install themselves as supreme leaders.

Marcus Aurelius solved the problem by sending Verus to command the legions in the East. He was authoritative enough to command the full loyalty of the troops, but already powerful enough that he had little incentive to overthrow Marcus. The plan succeeded — Verus remained loyal until his death on campaign in 169. This joint emperorship was faintly reminiscent of the political system of the Roman Republic, which functioned according to the principle of collegiality and did not allow a single person to hold supreme power. Joint rule was revived by Diocletian's establishment of the Tetrarchy in the late 3rd century.

Virtus

In Roman mythology, Virtus was the god of bravery and military strength. His Greek equivalent was Arete. The word, "Virtus" is commonly used in mottos of universities and other entities.

Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar, Denarius. 155-156 AD. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right / TR POT X COS II, Virtus, helmeted, standing left, holding parazonium & spear. RSC 703. RIC 468
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105b. Lucius Verus17 viewsAequitas, also known as Aecetia, was the goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Like Abundantia, she is depicted with a cornucopia, representing wealth from commerce. She is also shown holding a balance, representing equity and fairness. During the Roman Empire, Aequitas was sometimes worshipped as a quality or aspect of the emperor, under the name Aequitas Augusti.

Aequitas is the tattoo that one brother has on the film Boondock Saints. His brother has a tattoo of the word veritas. They represent, without surprise, justice/equality/balance/fairness and truth.

Aequitas is the source of the word equity, and also means "equality" or "justice".

Denarius. Rev. Aequitas stg. l. holding scales and cornucopiae. TR P VIII IMP V COS III. S-5363, RSC 32
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105c. Lucilla32 viewsAnnia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla (March 7, 150–183) was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger.

In AD 164, she was betrothed by her father to his co-emperor and adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, gaining the title of Augusta. Following his death she married Pompeianus. Lucilla was implicated in several plots to overthrow Commodus (her brother and then emperor) and was banished to the island of Capreae in AD 182. Shortly afterwards she was put to death by Commodus.

Silver Denarius Obv: LVCILLA AVG ANTONINI AVG F - Bare head right, draped. Rev: VENVS - Venus standing left, holding apple and scepter. Rome mint: AD 165-169 RIC III, 784, page 276 - Cohen 70- SEAR RCV II (2002), 5491, page 370 /3.05 g.
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106 AD: Annexation of Arabia by Trajan242 viewsOrichalcum sestertius (25,41g, 33mm, 6:30h). Rome mint. Struck AD 106-111.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P laureate bust of Trajan facing right, draped over left shoulder
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around edge] ARAB ADQVIS [in ex.] S C [in field] Arabia standing facing, with her head turned left and holding a branch and a bundle of cinnamon sticks. At her feet, a camel.
RIC 466 [scarce]; Cohen 32; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 102:46b
VF with beautiful smooth natural yellow brown river patina with minor adhesions
2 commentsCharles S
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106 AD: Trajan triumph in the second Dacian war222 viewsorichalcum sestertius (24.9g, 35mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 106-111.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V PP laureate bust of Trajan with aegis (note the detail of the Medusa head on Trajan's chest)
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [/] S C [in field] Winged Victory standing right, holding shield insribed VIC DAC against a palm tree
RIC 528 [common]; C 454; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 101-31b
1 commentsCharles S
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106. Commodus32 viewsCommodus

According to Gibbon, the emperor Commodus spent the early years of his reign "in a seraglio of three hundred beautiful women and as many boys, of every rank and of every province." Later, adding bloodshed to his round of pleasures, he launched a career in murder, beginning with the dispatch of the usual senators, ministers and family members and continuing with the slaughter of beasts. Styling himself the Roman Hercules, he went as a performer into the amphitheater, where he cut down before the public a number of ostriches, a panther, a hundred lions, an elephant, a rhinoceros and a giraffe. He then entered the lists as a gladiator. Commodus fought 735 times and paid himself such a high fee for each appearance that a new tax had to be levied. He was strangled by a wrestler while drunk.

Denarius. 192 AD. L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right / P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P, Fides standing left holding standard & cornucopiae, star right. RSC 583a. RIC 233
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106a. Crispina48 viewsCrispina married the sixteen year-old, Commodus in the summer of 178 and brought him, as a dowry, a large number of estates. These, when added to the Imperial holdings, gave him control of a substantial part of Lucanian territory. The actual ceremony was modest but was commemorated on coinage and largesse was distributed to the people. An epithalamium for the occasion was composed by the sophist Julius Pollux.

Upon her marriage, Crispina received the title of Augusta, and thus, became Empress of the Roman Empire as her husband was co-emperor with her father-in-law at the time. The previous empress and her mother-in-law, Faustina the Younger, having died three years prior to her arrival.

Like most marriages of young members of the nobiles, it was arranged by paters: in Crispina's case by her father and her father-in-law, Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Crispina probably meant little to her egocentric husband though she was a beautiful woman. The other possible reason being that Commodus was known to prefer the company of men. Crispina is described as being a graceful person with a susceptible heart, but there is no medal extant of her.

As Augusta, Crispina was extensively honoured with public images, during the last two years of her father-in-law's reign and the initial years of her husband's reign. She did not seem to have any significant political influence over her husband during his bizarre reign. However, she was not exempted from court politics either as her sister-in-law, Lucilla, was an ambitious woman and was reportedly jealous of Crispina, the reigning empress, due to her position and power.

Crispina's marriage failed to produce an heir due to her husband's inability, which led to a dynastic succession crisis. In fact, both Anistius Burrus (with whom Commodus had share his first consulate as sole ruler) and Gaius Arrius Antoninus, who were probably related to the imperial family, were allegedly put to death 'on the suspicion of pretending to the throne'.

After ten years of marriage, Crispina was falsely charged with adultery by her husband and was banished to the island of Capri in 188, where she was later executed. After her banishment, Commodus did not marry again but took on a mistress, a woman named Marcia, who was later said to have conspired in his murder.

Crispina, wife of Commodus, 177-192, AE Dupondius or As (24x25mm), aVF. Sear RCV 6018. Obv. CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right. Rev. IVNO LVCINA S C, Juno standing left holding patera and scepter. The coin is brown and green, on a squarish flan.
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106c Diocletian. AE follis12 viewsobv: IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopia
ex: -Z//ANT*
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106d Diocletian. AE follis 9.8gm21 viewsobv: IMP CC VAL DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG. laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopia
ex: HT(epsilon)
hill132
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106e Diocletian. AE follis21 viewsobv: IMP C G VAL DIOCLETIANVS F AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI Genius std.l. modius on head, chlamys over l.
shoulder, holding patera and cournucopia
ex: Kr
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T-3203_107_Severina_AE-Ant-Silvered_SEVERINA-PF-AVG_CONCORDIA-AVG_V_XXI_RIC-19v__T-3203_Antioch_iss-7_off-5_275-AD_Q-001_0h_23mm_4,61g-s.jpg
107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!203 views107 Severina (270-275 A.D.), T-3203 (Estiot), RIC V-I 019var, Antioch, AE-Antoninianus, CONCORDIA AVG, V//XXI, Emperor and Empress, R!
avers:- SEVERINA-PF-AVG, Empress right, diademed, draped, on a lunar crescent. (E2)
revers:- CONCORDIA-AVG, Emperor togate (no laurel crown) standing right, clasping the hand of Empress standing left. (Emperor and Empress 1)
"A very interesting coin from the historical point of view as it belongs to the issues dating from Severina's interregnum after the assassination of Aurelian (september-november 275).
"As far as the organisation of coin production was concerned, we see that from the end of 274, certain officinae in some of the mints struck coins exclusively for Severina: this is the case with issues 2-4 at Lyon, issues 10-11 at Rome and issue 4 at Ticinum. After the death of Aurelian, the officinae are no longer shared between Aurelian and Severina: at Lyon, there is a 5th issue attested by coins in the name of Severina only, and the same applies to the 12th issue at Rome where the empress monopolizes the six active équipes, and the 5th issue at Ticinum, where all six officinae struck coins just for Severina. It is clear that the Empress as regent was exercising alone power and right to coin.
In fact the evidence shows that all eight mints that were active in the autumn of 275 across the Empire were producing issues in the name of Severina alone. The mint at Serdica struck coins for Severina with the legend Severina Augusta.The mint at Antioch exceptionally gave the Empress the titles P(ia) F(elix), normally reserved for emperors; on the reverse, the legend is changed from the plural form Concordia Augg (Augustorum) to the singular Concordia Aug, which may be expanded as Concordia Augustae. The type no longer shows the standard reverse, Aurelian shaking the hand of Concordia, but an anonymous male figure, now without laurel-wreath and sceptre, shaking the hand of Severina, who is easily recognizable by her characteristic hairdress and is shown in a larger size. At Alexandria, coins in the name of Severina continued to be struck as the mint received the news of Aurelian’s assassination, and stopped issuing his coins: the hoards from Karanis have 5 tetradrachms of the 7th year of Aurelian (that is after 29 August 275), but 25 of Severina."
(From the website Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage 268-276 AD : http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/info/hist5#severine)"
by S. Estiot. Thank you S. Estiot.
exerg: V//XXI, diameter: 23mm, weight: 4,61g, axes: 0h,
mint: Antioch, iss-7, off-5, date: 275 A.D., ref: RIC-19var., T-3203 (Estiot), C-,
Q-001
quadrans
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109 AD: Improvement of the water supply of Rome under Trajan205 viewsOricalchum sestertius (24.4g, 33mm, 6h) Rome mint. Struck AD 110.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P COS V P P laureate head of Trajan right
AQVA / TRAIANA [in ex.] SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around edge] S C [left and right in ex.] River god reclining l. in arched grotto supported by two columns; left arm resting on urn; reed in right hand.
RIC 463 [S]; Cohen 20; Foss (Roman Historical Coins) 103:53

This type celebrates the construction of the Aqua Traiana which was dedicated on 20 June 109 constructed to improve the water supply of Rome. A branch of the Anio Novus was carried over the valley between the Caelian and the Aventine.
A lofty arcade was built upon the 'agger' of Servilius Tullius and passing over the Via Appia and the Porta Capena to the Piscina Publica. Terra-cotta water pipes with the name of Trajan and a leaden pipe inscribed AQVA TRAIANA have been found in excavations.
Charles S
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109 AD: Road construction by Trajan193 viewsorichalcum sestertius (26.3g, 33mm, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 112-114.
IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DACPM TR P COS VI P P laureate draped bust of Trajan
VIA TRAIANA [in ex.] SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI [around] S C [below] woman reclining left holding a wheel and a branch
RIC 637 [S]; BMC 988; Foss (Roman Historical Coins): 103/54
ex CNG mail bid sale 57

This type records the construction of a road at the Emperor's expense in AD 109 from Beneventum to Brundisium.
1 commentsCharles S
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109 Domitius Domitianus. AE follis33 viewsobv: IMP C L DOMITVS DOMITIANVS AVG laur. head r.
rev: GENIO POPV_L_I ROMANI Genius std. l. holding patera and cornucopiae
ex: -A//ALE
1 commentshill132